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Full text of "Sheet anchor"

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" which hope we have 



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as an anchor of the soul,'' 



JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. ::::::::::::::::::::::: REV. CHARLES W. DENISOxM, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1844. 



No. 9. 



SHBET MGIO' 



MA W 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS ROW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause or 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TKMPERANE 

to HUMANITY to 1 NTLLL1G ENCK. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A 1KAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers. and remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
same proportion Tor larger numbers. 



SEE LAST PAGE. 



AGENTS. 
SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: 
KEEt'EUS 01' aAlLURS' HOMGS. 

f£j- See list of names on last page. 

THI ST@EY. 

: ' Wonder*! in th^ deep." 

Another Female Sailor. 

Another of those cases which have of late 
years been of more frequent occurrence in 
this country than we could have supposed, in 
which a female has thrown off her natural 
attire, and assumed that of the lordly part of 
the creation, developed itself in this town. 
What the maiden surname of the heroine in 
the present instance originally was, we were 
unable to learn, her christian name is Mar- 
garet ; but it seems she is a native of Liver- 
pool, and about eighteen months ago mar- 
ried a man of the name of Johnson, with 
whom she led an unhappy and discontented 
sort of life for a few months, in consequence 
of the profligate and vicious courses he pur- 
sued, when he deserted her altogether. At 
the period of her marriage, she had scarcely 
attained her seventeenth year, and must at 
that time have been extremely good looking, 
judging from her present appearance, which 
is ruddy, and, we may add, prepossessing, 
notwithstanding the wear and tear she has 
since undergone. Her affection for her un- 
worthy partner, strong as it might be expect- 
ed to be in a female at such an unsuspecting 
age, seems not to have been in the slightest 
degree diminished by his ill-treatment. Ru- 
mor, always busy in matters of the kind, had 
it that he had sailed for St. Johns, New 
Brunswick. The moment Margaret heard 
the report, she determined to follow him ; 



but, alas ! how was she to proceed across the 
Atlantic without the means of paying for her 
passage 1 Money, she had none, and of 
friends, she was almost wholly bereft. In 
this dilemma her resolution was instantly 
formed. Doffing her female attire, and rig- 
ging herself out in a sailor's garb, she ship- 
ped as an ordinary seaman on board the 
Thetis, and sailed for St. Johns, where she 
spent six weeks in an unsuccessful endeavor 
to discover her husband. Expecting further 
search to be fuitless, she abandoned it, and, 
with the amor patrict strong upon her, she 
re-shipped on board the Thetis, and was 
landed in Liverpool. Strange as it may ap- 
pear, though her voyage out and home lasted 
five months, and she always messed, convers- 
ed, and slept with the other sailors, her sex 
was never discovered ; and still more strange, 
does it appear, that, although rough weather 
was encountered, and she had, in course of 
her ordinary duties, to mount aloft, on stormy 
days as well as tempestuous nights, she never 
betrayed the slightest symptoms of that fear 
which is supposed to attach to woman only, 
but, on all occasions, proved herself as good 
a " man" as any other in the ship. Upon 
reaching Liverpool, she assumed once more 
the female attire ; and, since then, owing, 
most probably, to the peunyless and defence- 
less state in which she was left, she has grad- 
ually been falling from the path of rectitude 
into a vicious course of life. But the sequel 
would seem to prove that she had not wholly 
lost those finer and hetter feelings of which, 
in her outset in life, she was the possessor. 
She was brought before Mr. Rushton, at the 
Police Court, for having committed an as- 
sault upon Mr. Spinks, the landlord of the 
Brunswick Hotel, at the Union Dock ; and 
she availed herself of that opportunity to ex- 
press a hope that she should be placed in the 
Penitentiary. Her demeanor showed that 
she was in earnest. While Mr. Parkinson 
briefly informed the Court of her exploits as 
a sailor, she cast her eyes on the ground, and 
faintly smiled. Mr. Rushton, ever anxious 
to rescue vice from its unhallowed paths, and 
to promote the ends of virtue as well as those 



of justice, stopped the business of the Court 
for a few minutes, while he wrote and signed 
an order for her immediate admission to the 
Penitentiary. — Liverpool Albion. 

Bibles and Seamen. 

A frigate and a brig, with crews amount- 
ing to seven hundred in number, cast anchor 
in Rochefort Roads, and an agent of the 
Bible Society, resident in the town, having 
ascertained that there was not a single copy 
of the Scriptures on board, paid a visit to the 
frigate in company with one of the members 
of the committee. As soon as the com- 
mandant was made acquainted with the ob- 
ject they had in view, he came forward, and, 
in unison with the officers of the ship, greet- 
ed them kindly, and offered personally to su- 
perintend the distribution of the Scriptures 
among the crew since he considered such a 
gift to be deserving of his particular atten- 
tion. He then conducted them round the 
vessel, and bade them return on board the 
next day. Their own report of this second 
visit shall now speak for itself. 

"In pursuance of our promise yesterday, 
we presented the seamen on board of both 
ships with seventy-five Bibles and one hun- 
dred and fifty New Testaments in French, 
which gave one Bible and two New Testa- 
ments for each division of the crews. It was 
a delightful sight to watch the commandant 
distributing the volumes to the men, who had 
mustered on deck, with his own hand, while 
he explained the end which the Society aim- 
ed at in presenting them, and exhorted them 
not only to be careful in preserving the books, 
but to endeavor to profit by them. 

" We were much pleased to observe the 
number of men who quitted the deck and 
began to pore over the sacred pages. One 
of the officers expressed his confidence, that 
the reading of the Scriptures would have an 
excellent moral influence upon the conduct 
of the men, and at the same time better 
qualify them for their duties as seamen. — 
Having accomplished the intent of our visit 
in such a way as to afford us hopes that our 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



66 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



labor would not prove in vain, the command- 
ant stepped forward in the most engaging 
manner, and, telling us that he had ordered 
a boat to be got in readiness to take us on 
shore, took his leave of us ; bidding us to 
convey his personal acknowledgements to our 
Society for so well-timed a donation of the 
Sacred Scriptures." The commandant in 
question was the Prince de Joinville ; the 
frigate was La Belle Poule ; and the agents 
were of the New York Bible Society. 

The Philosopher and the Ferryman. 

A philosopher stepped on board a ferry- 
boat to cross a stream ; on the passage he in- 
quired of the ferryman if he understood 
Arithmetic. The man looked astonished. — 
"Arithmetic! no, sir, I never heard of it 
before." The philosopher replied, "I am 
very sorry, for one quarter of your life is 
gone." A few minutes after, he asked the 
ferryman : " Do you know any thing of Math- 
ematics V The boatman smiled, and replied, 
"no." "Well, then," said the philosopher, 
" another quarter of your life is gone." A 
third question was asked the ferryman : " Do 
you understand Astronomy V " O ! no, sir, 
I never heard of such a thing." " Well, my 
friend, then another quarter of your life is 
gone." Just at that moment the boat run on 
a snag, and was sinking, when the ferryman 
jumped up, pulled off his coat, and asked the 
philosopher with great earnestness of man- 
ner, " Sir, can you swim V " No," said the 
philosopher. " Well, then," said the ferry- 
man, " your whole life is lost, for the boat is 
going to the bottom !" 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy thai always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



Good News from the U. S. sloop-of-war John Adams. 

To the Editor of the Sheet Anchor. 

Sir, — I send.you the following extract from 
a letter received a short time since by a friend 
of mine, from a teetotaller on board the John 
Adams, at Rio Janeiro, which may be read 
with interest by those interested in the cause 
of seamen. I received a letter myself, a day 
or two since, giving a good account of the 
cause on board the noble Cumberland, the 
flag ship of our Mediterranean squadron, a 
copy of which I will furnish you for the next 
Sheet Anchor. , . , 

A.J. L. 

" It is with delight that I now improve the 
opportunity of writing you, for all around 
seems gratifying in the highest degree as re- 
spects that great and good cause, the tempe- 
rance reform. Nothing delights me more 
than to see the good cause flourishing in this 
ship, far from the land of our nativity; shut 
out from the society of fathers, mothers, 



brothers and sisters, we enjoy a kind of heav- 
enly protection, and every day new interests 
arise to cheer us on in the work of reform. 
It is not the sounding brass, or the tinkling 
symbols that induce us to persevere onward 
in this good cause, but the steady habits of 
those who discourage the use of ardent spir- 
its, that works with effect in our ship. Many, 
who at first were great opposers to my sort of 
doctrine — that is total abstinence — have come 
over, and are strong in the faith ; and many 
more that would get drunk every time they 
could, have been on shore this month, and 
have not tasted of any kind of intoxicating 
spirits ; and this, too, in a place where it is 
the fashion to drink with every meal that is 
eaten. This is encouraging in the greatest 
degree ; and there are many more who have 
expressed a determination never more to 
drink the poisonous liquor. Ere long, the 
banner of temperance will wave over our be- 
loved country, and the people will rejoice 
that the bonds of death have been loosed 
from their necks, and they can call them- 
selves free indeed ! Oh, happy hour, when 
America shall be free. 

" I will give you something in relation to 
the good cause on board the St. Louis, which 
touched at this place, on her way to the East 
Indies. After stopping some time to relit, 
she set sail for the Cape of Good Hope, and 
when out fifteen days, was obliged to ' 'bout 
ship,' and stand for this port, having sprung 
aleak. While here, the crew became inter- 
ested, and got up a temperance society, and 
thirty of the crew signed their names to ab- 
stain from intoxicating liquors, besides the 
captain and some other officers. I was on 
board the ship on a visit, and was much 
pleased with appearances ; and when I re- 
turned to my ship, I sent them some tempe- 
rance certificates which I brought from Bos- 
ton. They were much pleased, and thought 
them very well executed. They were the 
same that were struck off* for the United 
States Naval Washington Temperance So- 
ciety. The ship has again sailed for her 
destined port, and it is my prayer that she 
may always find good cool water for her 
crew. But to return to the John Adams, 
and finish my story. We have as good a 
crew of seamen as ever trod upon a ship's 
deck ; they live in harmony together, and 
seem disposed to do their duty. The officers 
also are very good ones, and with a few ex- 
ceptions, treat the men well." 



Commodore Jones at the Sandwich Islands. 

We feel proud of our country and our gal- 
lant officers in the navy, and grateful, we 
trust, to Heaven, when we see our com- 
manders advocating with consistency and 
boldness the cause of temperance among 
distant nations. At the Sandwich Islands, 



Commodore Jones made the following noble 
speech on temperance : 

" In this respect Hawaiians, you are in ad- 
vance of all other Christian nations. Your 
rulers have been wise in time, in plucking 
up the evil before it spread too far, and taken 
too deep root in your constitutions ; and I 
may also say, in your affections. Hilo and 
Oahu are the only ports our ship has visited 
since she has left the United States, where 
the dram-shop and the drunkard were not 
the first objects that strike the eye of man- 
of-war's men, as they approach the shore ! 
Ships' boats can seldom land in Europe or 
America, without the intoxicating and mad- 
dening draught being, in some cases, forced 
down the sailor's throat. And whenever a 
taste is taken, then there is no safeguard 
against drunkenness ; and a drunken man is 
always a fool. When drunk, the man be- 
comes a beast — a wild, frantic beast; and in 
that state, commits crime ; perhaps kills a 
fellow-man, his brother, his father, his wife, 
or his children ; and the beast, drunken man, 
expiates his offence on the gallows, in the 
prison for life, or at the gangway. When 
free from the demon rum, and in the posses- 
sion of his reason, he stands a conscience- 
stricken, self-condemned culprit. 

" Hawaiians, friends, countrymen, young 
and old, let me conjure you, one and all, 
never to enlist in the service of King Alco- 
hol ; for he is the greatest tyrant and the 
hardest task-master any man ever yet vol- 
unteered to serve. He requires all, every 
thing of his slaves — health, strength, wealth, 
honor, happiness, and even life itself, when 
nothing else is left. And what he claims of 
his subjects, he is sure to obtain. And what 
does he promise you in return for these great 
sacrifices? In life, nothing, nothing — em- 
phatically nothing. In death, your doom is 
told in one short sentence, uttered by the 
Saviour of the world when on earth — ' De- 
part, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepar- 
ed for the devil and his angels.' " 

From the Sailor's Magazine. 

One Good Man on Board. 

Angier Point, Sept. 21, 1843. 
Capt. Richardson, 

Sir, — Having an opportunity I thought I 
would improve the time. You recollect, sir, 
the ship Zenobia, that sailed from your port 
on the 8th of June, 1843. When we left 
New York, you could not find a ship's com- 
pany that were more in the habit of using 
profane language and rum drinking than the 
Zenobia's crew, and a happy thing it was for 
them that there was one good man on board. 

And now I have the happiness to say, there 
is not one in the forecastle that does not read 
his Bible each day. We have prayers and 
religious songs every evening if the weather 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



67 



permits. We have also a pledge, that we 
have signed, to abstain from all intoxicating 
drinks, and when we arrive in New York, 
we intend to transfer our names to the orig- 
inal Marine Temperance Society Pledge. 

We request the prayers of our brethren at 
the Home, and likewise at the Mariner's 
Church. 

Yours, in behalf of the ship's company, 

b. s. 

Temperance Boat. 

The Steamer Iolas has resumed her reg- 
ular trips for the season, having been com- 
pletely repaired and put in fine order, in 
every part. 

Capt. Woolsey evinces a disposition to 
accommodate the public, and we trust the 
public will reciprocate the obligation. It is 
his intention, he informs us, to run his boat, 
during a part of the warm season, twice a 
day from Newport and Providence, each way, 
so that passengers can leave Newport at five 
o'clock in the morning, and go to Boston, if 
they wish, stop six or seven hours, and re- 
turn the same evening. 

Among other inducements for the public 

to give the Iolas their undivided patronage, 

we take pleasure in .mentioning, that she is 

hereafter to be a strictly temperance boat. 

Newport Times. 



A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



Extract from the Report of Charleston Fort Society. 

Seamen's Home. 

This Institution, although distinct from 
your Society, forms an important link in the 
chain of your operations, and houses con- 
ducted upon the principles of total absti- 
nence, are gaining favor with the sailor more 
and more every day. Over 300 have board- 
ed in the house, sustained through the untir- 
ing exertions of those ladies who have .so 
often weathered the storm, and continue to 
afford a safe retreat to the sailor, whose grat- 
itude is often expressed towards them for hav- 
ing provided a place, where, in many instan- 
ces, the sailor has received that kind advice 
from the motherly matron which has caused 
him to forsake his dissipated habits, which 
has often proved to be the very first step to 
his temporal prosperity, at the same time 
causing him so to reflect as to lead him to 
that God who speaks peace to the troubled 
conscience. 

There has been, during the past year, but 
one instance of a departure from the strictest 
decorum on the part of any who have been 
the tenants of that house. And scarcely a 
man from that house has left port without 
signing the temperance pledge ; and during 



the winter whole crews of British ships have 
been sent to board there by the British Con- 
sul. The two other total abstinence board- 
ing houses are in successful operation, and I 
rejoice to say, to-night, seamen have express- 
ed themselves pleased with them, and con- 
tinue to give me favorable reports of them. 

From the N. Y. Advocate of Moral Reform. 

The Sailors Missionary. 

Jan. 21. Went and distributed tracts in 
the sailor's boarding houses. In one I found 
a considerable number of sailors, and they 
all wanted tracts, for which they thanked me 
heartily. In another house, after distributing 
tracts, I had a long conversation with a sailor. 
He gave me some account of his homeward 
passage, in nearly the following words : " We 
had scarcely set sail from a European port, 
before we encountered a furious gale, and 
this was succeeded by another and another ; 
and thus it was nearly all the way. Our ship 
was old, and consequently sprung aleak in 
many places, and it was with the utmost ex- 
ertion that she could be kept from going to 
the bottom, it required 1800 strokes per hour 
at the pump, to keep her from sinking. In 
addition to this, our provision was so spoiled 
with salt water, that for the last three weeks 
of the passage, we were obliged to subsist on 
half a cracker per day, to a man." 

28th. Distributed tracts in the sailors' 
boarding houses. The places where I went 
were all "rum holes." At one place the 
seamen were all seated around the stove, 
reading what I supposed to be novels. I 
supplied them with tracts, exhorted them to 
go to church, and left them. At another 
place, found a room full of sailors, among 
whom two or three were partially intoxicated. 
It was a wretched place. A person was 
standing behind the bar, ready to deal out 
the liquid fire, whenever he could prevail on 
any poor victim to drink. 

Feb. 4th. Distributed tracts among the 
sailors with good success. Had a long dis- 
cussion with two individuals, whom I found 
in a boarding house, who endeavored to main- 
tain that there had been no reformation 
among seamen, and that the best way to have 
good seamen was to keep them in ignorance, 
and to keep them drunk as much of the time 
as possible. Some of the houses were woful 
looking places. 

11th. To-day visited the sailors' boarding 
houses, and took some tracts for distribution. 
I was very well treated — but it was really 
painful to see what sinks of iniquity most of 
these houses are — every thing calculated to 
ruin both the souls and bodies of the poor 
sailors. A grog shop and a brothel appear 
to be the inseparable accompaniments of 
these houses in most instances. 



New York Bethel. 

On Lord's-day afternoon we took a long 
walk to visit our Bethel Church at the cor- 
ner of Catharine and Cherry Streets. The 
exertion was abundantly repaid. We had 
been advised not to call in the afternoon, as 
the attendance was scanty compared with 
that of the morning and evening. Scanty, 
indeed ! If there are many more who at- 
tend, it would certainly explain a difficult 
question in physics to show how they can be 
stowed away in the same place. The room 
was full. 

Rev. Ira R. Stewart, from Mystic, Ct., 
is now supplying the little band, and there is 
a prospect that he will become the pastor. — 
Should such be the case, there is every rea- 
son to believe that all among us who are in- 
terested in the welfare of seamen, will be 
gratified. He was himself, for many years, 
a seafaring man, and retains all the nautical 
knowledge and interest in sea affairs, which 
are so attractive to other mariners. His son, 
we undersand, has, at the present time, the 
command of a vessel on the wide ocean. It 
has never met our views of propriety to speak 
in terms of strong commendation of the abil- 
ities of ministering brethren expected to set- 
tle among us, but as our Bethel interest is a 
common concern, our readers in the city will 
hardly excuse us if we do not express some- 
thing more than a general opinion in the 
present instance. Mr. S. appears to us to 
possess those peculiar qualifications needed 
in a Bethel pastor. He is neither too refined 
in his train of thought and style of allusion, 
to be understood and admired by sailors, nor 
on the other hand coarse or humorous to of- 
fend the just taste of pious citizens. His 
manner is warm and ardent, without the 
slightest inclination to the boisterous, and his 
mode of illustration is plain, striking, and 
often nautical. Such are our prepossessions 
in his behalf, that we are most anxious to 
see him settled among us, and with a house 
sufficiently spacious to accommodate the num- 
bers who will crowd to hear him. 

And relative to the house ! What is being 
done ? Far more than we expected. In ad- 
dition to the sum before raised, Mr. Isaac 
Newton has just given one thousand dol- 
lars, and there is strong hope of a similar 
donation from another quarter. The Bethel 
Committee, we understand, are earnest in 
the matter as they ought to be. Will not 
others help them ? They have now nearly 
five thousand dollars. Would that it were 
fifteen thousand. Who will add broad shoul- 
ders to the wheel, and give it another strong 
impetus ? If the zeal of any flags, let them 
attend the meetings of the committee, or visit 
the Bethel Church and listen to the preach- 
ing of Mr. Stewart, and we have no fears for 
the result. — Bap. Advocate. 



68 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



( A Map of busy life." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

Novel Reading. 

THE SAILOR'S TESTIMONY AGAINST IT. 
The following is an extract from a letter written by a 
sailor on board a whale ship at sea, to a friend in iNew 
England. 

" I must tell you, also, that some have suf- 
fered a great loss by reading those fashiona- 
ble curses called novels. But I hope they 
have done with them. I have faithfully borne 
my testimony against them, and shall con- 
tinue to do so." 

We have here not only a Christian sail- 
or's testimony against novel reading, but his 
indignant rebuke. " Fashionable curses !" 
We thank you, brother sailor, for helping us 
to so appropriate a term — one so comprehen- 
sive, just and apposite. But is it come to 
this, that we must look for a lead in morals 
to sailors — despised, contemned sailors? Are 
sailors becoming judges in literature ? Sure- 
ly the tables are being turned in good earnest ! 
Will Christians on the land condescend to 
take a lesson from this Christian sailor ? If 
they will, we may yet hope that the desolat- 
ing tide of impure thought, now spreading 
over the land, and gathering strength from 
every new issue of light reading, will be 
stayed, and the morals of the nation pre- 
served. 

But, Mr. Editor, I wish to inquire whether 
this is not the proper place to urge upon the 
friends of seamen the duty of supplying, 
forthwith, the larger class of our vessels with 
a suitable ship's LinuAnv, as an antidote to 
the poison thus being introduced into the 
very soul of our American marine? 

Look at the character of our seamen for 
intelligence, before you answer the question. 
Is it not decidedly higher than the ordinary 
standard among landsmen ? Now, then, this 
intelligent mind has its wants, and they must 
be met. Besides, it is well known that sailors 
are eminently a reading people. In their 
long voyages, they devour greedily every 
thing in the shape of reading found on board. 
Seamen, with all their toils and hardships, 
find time to read, which the laboring classes 
on the land do not. What, then, shall they 
read? 

It is a serious question, whether the con- 
sequences of intemperance to the sailor, from 
which he is being rescued by the temperance 
efforts going forward, are, after all, a greater 
evil and more to be dreaded than that result- 
ing from the introduction on ship-board of 
the pestiferous light reading of the day. 

In the one case, the sailor is turned into 
a brute for a few days, on the land ; in the 
other, the virus of moral corruption has 
weeks and months of uninterrupted progress 
in its work of death upon his soul, at sea. 



Rum drank, and its immediate effects expe- 
rienced, ceases to be an active agent for 
evil. Not so with the fascinating and cor- 
rupting novel. Its intoxicating influence is 
diffused continually through the soul, to pre- 
pare the way for still deeper draughts, which 
the same book is ever ready to supply. 

It is thus the corrupting of the morals of 
seamen is carried forward on the ocean. — 
Here a new evil presents itself, demanding 
the prompt action of the friends of seamen. 
It can be met. The American Seamen's 
Friend Society have turned their attention 
to this subject, and provided a select and ap- 
propriate ship's IAbr&ry, and at a moderate 
price. Who will help them to carry out 
their wise and merciful design ? 

Friends of seamen in the country ! your 
sons and brothers are, some of them, embark- 
ing on their first voyage. What will you do ? 
Ship owners and captains — the constituted 
protectors of the morals of seamen — what 
will you do ? 

But where shall we look for a movement 
in favor of intellect and morals upon the 
ocean, if not among the owners of our whale 
ships ? 

Friends of seamen, engaged in the whale 
fishery, and sharing in the rich results of that 
adventurous business : the opportunity is 
yours to furnish the maritime interests of 
this country and of the world a most noble 
example, and one which shall secure to you 
the proud distinction of being the benefac- 
tors of a new race of seamen. 

With the 10,000 men under your control 
for two, three, and even four years at a time, 
on board your five hundred ships, you have it 
in your power, with the other ameliorating 
processes going on, to give an impulse to the 
cause of seamen that shall be felt over the 
face of the whole deep, and throughout the 
world. 

The friends of seamen in other places are 
looking to you for such an example; and it 
is to be hoped they will not be disappointed. 

Nautcler. 

The Whale Fishery. 

Of all the hardy sons of enterprise, few 
have evinced such a continued perseverance 
in the accomplishment of their undertakings 
as the prosecutors of the whale fisheries. — 
We behold them in their bark, among the 
almost impenetrable icebergs of the northern 
and southern hemispheres, beneath the burn- 
ing suns of a torrid zone, and there captur- 
ing the monsters of the sea as their prize. 

As a hardy set of beings, none can be 
found to compare with those who carry on 
the whale fisheries. Nursed and brought up 
on the rock-bound coasts of New England, 
they are prepared to undertake a project how- 
ever dangerous, however difficult, and seldom 



fail in bringing it to an end, which reflects 
high credit upon themselves, and upon the 
land of their birth. 

It has been a source of affluence to this 
country", to which it would be difficult to find 
a parallel. 

The Boatmen Coming 1 , 

The following is an extract from a letter forwarded 
us hy two gentlemen residing at Kondout. Ulster Co., 
N. Y. We hope to hear from others in that region of 
our countiy. 

M : c are in hopes of obtaining more sub- 
scribers for the Sheet Anchor soon, believ- 
ing the paper a good one, and calculated to 
be of great advantage to that chss of our 
fellow countrymen for whom it is particularly 
designed. We will cheerfully aid its circu- 
lation as far as lies in our power. 

Wishing you success, we subscribe our- 
selves respectfully, your friends, 

Martin- G. Haves, 
William Wise. 



Iron Ships of War. 

Lieut. Hunter, commander of the United 
States Steamship Union, gives the following 
as the advantages of an iron vessel over a 
wooden one of the same dimensions : 

1st. Greater strength. 

2d. Less weight, and consequently she 
may be propelled faster by the same power, 
whether wind or steam. 

3d. She has more room inside for her 
crew and provisions. 

4th. She cannot be burned. 

5th. She will last forever, and cost scarce- 
ly any thing for repairs. This comparative 
indestructibility keeps her ever ready for sea, 
and exempts her from the great expense at- 
tendant upon the preservation of wooden 
vessels in ordinary, and the loss of time con- 
sumed in fitting the latter for sea. 

Cth. Her bulk-heads being water-tight, 
she may not be sunk, though one part of the 
vessel be pierced by shot. 

7th. A Paixan shell cannot lodge in her 
side. 

8th. She has none of the vegetable mat- 
ter of wooden vessels about her, which pro- 
duces disease by decomposition. 

9th. The utmost cleanliness of the berth 
deck is indispensably necessary to the health 
of the crew. Hers being iron, may be wash- 
ed at all times. 

10th. The vessel being of iron, is ever 
tight, and costs nothing for calking, except 
on the spar deck, which should be of wood. 

1 Ith. She is free from vermin, so destruc- 
tive to provisions and stores in wooden vessels. 

12th. She will make a great saving in the 
article of paint ; the iron surface being simp- 
ly covered with it, whilst the wooden one is 
saturated. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



69 



Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

Woman's Influence. 

Who, that observes the mighty influence 
woman has, oftentimes, upon the other sex, 
shall doubt that Heaven has ordained her for 
an important mission? And, admitting that 
she has a mission to perform, how can she 
sit with folded hands, never asking herself 
what she can do to ameliorate the condition 
of mankind ? Many, very many, have been 
aroused to a sense of their ability to do some- 
thing for their fellow beings; and, leaving 
their happy homes, have sought out the des- 
titute and afflicted, aye, and even the hith- 
erto despised inebriate, to extend to him the 
hand of kindness. And this is well. 

But this is not all. Are there not many 
still, who never yet have thought upon the 
claims of the poor sailor or their sympathies ; 
or who, having admired his noble and gen- 
erous spirit, when they have read of some 
gallant act of the ever-brave and compassion- 
ate tar, have contented themselves with pity- 
ing him for the many hardships he must en- 
dure, little thinking they might do any thing 
for his happiness? But shall this be so lon- 
ger ? Are there not some of this class, who 
are already resolved to join one of those 
excellent societies, whose exertions are so 
judiciously put forth, for bettering the con- 
dition of the sailor in our large cities ? and 
are there not others, who, having enjoyed 
the best advantages of education, have never 
dreamed that their well-cultivated talents 
might be profitably used for the good of 
others, but who will now determine to call 
them into action by contributing to some 
journal devoted to the interests of the mar- 
iner ? Let sympathising woman feel that she 
may do something in this way, and she shall 
awaken in the heart of many a friendless 
sailor feelings of gratitude which cannot but 
make him better, and, at the same time, by 
her example and persuasions, shall arouse 
many of her own sex, and lead them to in- 
quire, what thty may do in so good a cause. 
They who have so often washed their sensi- 
bilities in weeping over the sufferings of im- 
aginary heroes in tales of fiction, will begin 
to feel that there is an exquisite pleasure also, 
in sympathising with, and exerting them- 
selves for, the lonely mariner, who, perhaps, 
has neither father nor mother, brother nor 
sister, to feel for him. And he who had 
chosen the rolling billows for his home, 
because he had no other, shall bless his 
heavenly Father that he has provided for 
him another home in the tender heart of 
woman. 



I am aware that much is already being 
done for the sailor by the exertions of ladies 
who have generously given themselves to this 
good work ; but I was led to ask if much 
more might not be done, while reflecting on 
the history of one in whom I have become 
much interested. Possessing many excellent 
qualities, this noble-hearted tar had won the 
affections of his commander, notwithstanding 
he was often involved in very serious trouble 
by reason of his intemperate habits. At the 
early age of twenty-nine, he had long been 
a confirmed drunkard ; at that period, the 
timely efforts of the Washingtonians, to- 
gether with the kindly interest in his welfare 
evinced by the captain and his family, were 
the means of inducing him to free himself 
from the thraldom which had enslaved him. 
Since that time, we have good reason to be- 
lieve, he has influenced many to sign the 
pledge of total abstinence, and leave the 
paths of vice ; and we trust he is still doing 
all in his power to advance the cause of 
temperance. In the letters which he occa- 
sionally writes his Washingtonian friends, 
(for he had no relatives in this country,) he 
so often requests to be remembered to the 
wife and daughter of his commodore, that I 
have sometimes questioned, if even the inde- 
fatigable exertions of the Washingtonians 
would have availed, had not the gentle influ- 
ence of woman been also put forth to save 
him. Shall we not, then, be encouraged to 
continue, and even redouble our efforts in 
this cause ? And when the wife and daugh- 
ters of every officer, as well as many other 
noble-minded women shall look round to 
search for some friendless son of the ocean, 
on whom to exert a kindly influence, an of- 
fering of grateful incense shall continually 
ascend from the sailor's heart, to Him who 
is the Author of all good. 

My only brother asked me, 

I could not tell him nay : 
But he must not dare ask again 

For many, many a day. * # * 

The above communication was written by 
a lady, (though reluctantly,) by request of 
her brother. We shall be happy to hear from 
her again, and trust that she will re-consider 
the resolution expressed in her poetic effu- 
sion, and 

Let her dear brother ask once more, 

Pray grant to him the boon, 
And let your pen go freely on 

To help fill the Saloon. 






G. 



Beautiful Extract. — Let then the aged 
woman be no longer an object of contempt. 
Her feeble step is trembling on the brink of 
the grave ; but her hopes may be firmly plant- 
ed on the better shore which lies beyond. — 
Beauty has faded from her form ; but angels 
in the world of light may be weaving a wreath 
of glory for her brow. Her lip is silent, but 
it may be only waiting to pour forth celestial 



strains of gratitude and praise. Lonely and 
sad, she sits among the living; but exalted, 
purified and happy she may rise from the 
dead. Then turn, if thou wilt, from the 
aged woman in her loneliness, but remember 
she is not forsaken of her God ! 

THE ¥©BTO. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 



" Never give np the Ship." 

The editor of the Mercantile Journal has 
lately paid a visit to New York and the ad- 
joining city of Brooklyn, which latter place 
he had not seen for thirty-two years, and the 
former for fourteen years. After giving a 
few of his general impressions as regards the 
great changes that had taken place, he con- 
cludes with the following paragraph, which, 
taken in connection with the enviable situa- 
tion which he now occupies, forcibly illus- 
trates the value of the motto which forms the 
caption of this article. He says : 

And while we thought of these things, and 
mechanically pursued our way, lost in reflec- 
tion, we could not but recur to our own con- 
dition at the time when we first stepped on 
shore at Long Island — a sailor boy, far from 
home, destitute of friends, money, or even 
clothing, and a cripple besides — having been 
sent home from a foreign port, by an Ameri- 
can Consul, in consequence of fracturing a 
limb ! Unable to go aloft, we tried for a time, 
in vain, to obtain a temporary situation on 
board a small coasting vessel, as a means of 
procuring subsistence, and finally we borrow- 
ed two " York sixpences" from our sailor 
landlord, to defray our expenses to Brooklyn, 
in the ferry-boat and back, with a view to 
obtain an opportunity to labor on a farm or 
in a garden — it being then the spring of the 
year, and labor of that kind in demand. But 
our palid complexion, and rather shabby sea- 
men's apparel, and imploring aspect, served 
us not in the quality of a letter of recom- 
mendation. We spent the whole day in ex- 
ploring that part of Long Island, and seeking 
an opportunity to work, but to all our appli- 
cations, notwithstanding we assured the far- 
mers that we were well acquainted with agri- 
cultural labor, we received in reply only a sus- 
picious glance, and surly No ! We returned 
to the great city, somewhat disappointed, but 
not broken down in spirit — and notwithstand- 
ing our forlorn condition, renewed our de- 
termination to struggle manfully with misfor- 
tune, and never "give up the ship." 

Since that time we have witnessed many 
strange and eventful scenes, and have more 
than once been placed in situations, apparent- 
ly much more critical and forlorn, than when 
we found ourself a friendless, lone sailor 
boy, in the great city of New York. 



70 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



SHUT 




is 



I0ST0N, SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1844. 



fcJ-The SHEET ANOHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 



Revenue Cutter Jackson. 

By the polite invitation of her commander, 
Capt. Rudolph, we had the pleasure of vis- 
iting this vessel a few days since. She is 
attached to what is called the Newport sta- 
tion, embracing the cruising ground be'tween 
Point Judith and Holmes' Hole. She an- 
chors occasionally in the river near Provi- 
dence. Her appearance afforded us much 
gratification. No intoxicating liquors are 
used on board, as a beverage, by either the 
officers or men. Capt. Rudolph bears a 
strong testimony to the seaman-like conduct 
of all connected with his vessel. He dwells, 
with great satisfaction, on the improvments 
that are taking place among seamen. 

The Jackson has relieved seven vessels 
during her different cruises the past winter. 
He hailed not far from fifty, to whom he of- 
fered aid. Some cases of distress relieved 
by him were very trying. During the most 
severe weather, for weeks at a time, he has 
kept at sea, striving to render assistance by 
every means in his power. 

We hope to visit the Jackson again ; and 
shall always be happy to- speak well of her 
commander, officers and crew. 

The Seamen's Cause in New York. 

We are happy to state that our good cause 
is advancing in the commercial emporium. 
In addition to the advantages resulting from 
the Sailor's Home, in Cherry Street, and the 
Home for seamen in Franklin Square, the 
Roosevelt Street Chapel, and other means of 
improvement which have been some time in 
operation, two more Chapels have just been 
erected, and another is about being com- 
menced. 

The Floating Chapel. 

This convenient and beautiful edifice has 
been constructed and is supported by the 
young men's Church Missionary Society. It 



is built on a deck of 76 by 36 feet, covering 
two boats of 80 tons each, and 10 feet apart, 
being 70 feet long and 30 wide. The exte- 
rior and interior are both Gothic. It is k«pt 
afloat near the wharf, at the foot of Pike 
Street, is easily entered, and protected from 
vessels by large chained logs. Sittings are 
provided for 500 persons. The pastor, Rev. 
B. C. C. Parker, is a gentleman well calcu- 
lated for his important post. Much credit is 
due to him for his arduous exertions to pro- 
mote the welfare of seamen. An effort now 
being made by him to supply the vessels of 
our country with a brief and cheap " Manual 
of Devotion," is worthy the attention of the 
benevolent, and we hope will meet with good 
success. 

Mariner's Methodist Episcopal Church. 

This is located in Cherry, near Clinton 
Street. Its dimensions are already too small 
for the congregation. The seats are free. 
Religious services are held three times every 
Sabbath, and each evening in the week ex- 
cept Saturday. The pastor, Rev. Mr. , 

bids fair to be eminently useful to our breth- 
ren of the ocean. The seats are free. 

We understand that it is in contemplation 
to enlarge this chapel, to accommodate the 
increasing congregation. 

Baptist Bethel. 

A meeting in connection with the Baptist 
denomination has been continued for nearly 
two years. Recently it has received a new 
impulse. Measures are now in train for 
erecting a commodious house of worship in 
Cherry Street, near the Sailor's Home. The 
present hall is on the corner of Cherry and 
Catharine Streets. Rev. Mr. Stewart, re- 
cently of Groton, Conn., is now the minis- 
ter. He is a man every way adapted to do 
good among seamen, and we wish him great 
success. 

(U^ The labors of the Marine Tempe- 
rance Society of Rev. Mr. Cha.se, in the 
Roosevelt Street chapel, and of other friends 
of the cause, are producing a sensible result. 
The M. T. Society already numbers over 
16,000 members! 

Thus is the cause of the sailor advancing 
in New York. We shall give further partic- 
ulars of its cheering progress there. 



From the Mercantile Journal. 

Liberality. 

The ship Montgomery, Victor Constant, 
master, sailed from this port for Mauritius, 
in February, 1843, with a cargo of ice and 
other merchandise. When five days out, she 
encountered a violent gale of wind, in which 
she sustained much damage in her hull, sails 
and light spars, and sprung aleak, which 
made it necessary to throw overboard part of 
her cargo. It was then found necessary to 
make a port to refit, and she put away for 
Bermuda. On arriving at Murray's anchor- 
age, Capt. C. called a survey, and the result 
was a recommendation that the ship should 
be taken into St. George's harbor for further 
examination and repair. Had this course 
been adopted, the cargo of ice must have 
been wholly lost, and possibly further surveys 
on the ship would have directed such an out- 
lay for repairs, as would have led to her con- 
demnation. Capt. Constant did not judge it 
to be necessary to submit himself to the 
guidance of the surveyors, but exercising 
the authority with which by law he was in- 
vested, as master, he made such repairs upon 
the ship as he deemed necessary, in the outer 
harbor, and having done so, he continued his 
voyage, which he accomplished in safety, and 
has lately returned to this port, bringing a 
valuable cargo from Manilla. 

The insurers of the vessel, freight and car- 
go, (at the offices of the Merchants, Manu- 
facturers, National, Neptune, and Warren,) 
as an evidence of their approval of Capt. C's 
conduct, have presented to him an elegant 
service of plate, and four hundred dollars. 

Such noble instances of liberality on the 
part of our Insurance Offices, show that they 
know how to appreciate and acknowledge 
judicious conduct on the part of a ship-mas- 
ter when surrounded with difficulties — and 
we take much pleasure in publishing this no- 
tice of the circumstances, with the letter 
from the committee of the donors, and Capt. 
Constant's reply : 

Boston, April 19, 1844. 
Capt. Victor Constant, — Denr Sir : — Tbe Insurers of your 
ship Montgomery, lier cargo, and freight, on lier late voyage to 
India, highly appreciating your regard for their interest, as dis- 
played in the management of your business at Dermudn, where 
you were compelled to put in to repair damages sustained in a 
severe gale— and desiring to give you some token of their esti- 
mation of your skill and judgement, have directed us to present 
to you, in their names, the accompanying plate, and the endors- 
ed sum of four hundred dollars. We are, sir, rcspect!ully, 
C. CURTIS, | 
J. S. TYLER, 



Oy* Our friends, who are in want of first- 
rate articles, are invited to call at Mr. James 
Wright's Family Grocery and Temperance 
Store, which is now being fitted up on Han- 
over, corner of Prince Street, where they 
will be accommodated with the very best of 
articles, at the lowest prices, for cash, and 
goods sent to any part of the city free of 
expense. a. 



f Committee. 



Boston, April 19, 1844. 
Caleb Cubtis, and John S. Tvleb, Ksq'rs, Committee, Ate. : 
Gentlemen :— I have to acknowledge the receipt of your note 
of this date, with the accompanying present of valuable plate, 
and a liberal sum of money. 

I beg that you will mnke my acknowledgements to the Id- 
Hirers of my ship, cargo, and freight, and say to them, thrit, as a 
tokon of their npprovnl of my conduct, their gift has a value in 
my estimation, far beyond its intrinsic worth, rich as it is ; but 
at tho same time I desire to disclaim any merit beyond having 
done that which was my duty, under the circumstances in which 
I was placed. I nm respectfully, 

Your friend and ob'l servant, 

VICTOR CO.NSTANT. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



71 




THE S0I6. 

The Voice of Poetry: the Voice of the Sea. 

A Plea for the Sailor. 

An Original Ode, by Mrs. MARY S. B. DANA. 

A cry fills all the air! 

Christian! it calls on thee I 

Help for the mariner 

Whose home is on the sea ! 
Ye rich ! ye poor ! it cries to you! 
Salvation for the Sailor too ! 

He hath a noble heart — 

Free as the mountain wave ; 

But oh! your aid impart! 

He hath a soul to save ! 
In all you give will God delight, 
The rich man's gold — the widow's mite. 

When roars the stormy blast, 
And billows mount on high, 
When, from the rocking mast 
The yards and canvass fly — 
Though hope depart, if God be there, 
The Sailor's heart shall feel no fear, 

While we, secure from harm, 

On downy pillows sleep, 

The bailor feels the storm — 

Toas'd on the raging deep : 
His home the sea — the wave he rides — 
His heart still brave — whate'er betides. 

Ye dwetlers on the land, 
Beneath your peaceful shade, 
Stretch forth the willing hand, 
And give the Sailor aid : 
Joyful to learn the way to heaven, 
He will not spurn the blessing given. 

And when religion's voice 

Is heard o'er all the sea, 

Then shall heaven rejoice, 

And earth keep jubilee ! 
Wlien land and sea, in loud accoid, 
Shout hallelujahs to the Lord ' 



THI LOGKBR. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 
- 

NAVAL. 

U. S. frigate Potomac, the flag ship of the 
Home Squadron, arrived at Pensacola April 4, 
from a cruise of nearly three months, among the 
windward and other West India Islands, and last 
from Havana. Officers and crew generally in 
good health. 

U. S. brig Uhipola, commander Gardner, sailed 
from Rio Janeiro, Feb. 22, for New York, her 
former order for Norfolk, having been revoked. 

17. S. brig Somers, commander Brent, from 
Vera Cruz, arrived at Pensacola, 3d ult, having 
on board two of the released prisoners from Mex- 
ico. The S. experienced very severe weather 
during her cruise. 

U. S. brig Consort, commander Purvinnce, 
bound to Chnrleston, dropped down to Hampton 
Roads, afternoon of April 13. 

U. S. ship Macedonian, touched at Sierra Le- 
one, about March I, and sailed for the Cape de 
Verd Islands. 



Launch. — A new and well built steamer, call- 
ed the Commodore Preble, was launched from 
the ship yard of Lemuel Dyer & Son, in Port- 
land, on the 15th ult. She is about 300 tons bur- 
then, and was built under the supervision of Capt. 
J. B. Coyle, who is to be her commander. She 
will be propelled by the Ericson propellers, and 
is to run between Boston and Portland, for which 
purpose she was expressly built. 

Light House on Cokasset Rocks. — The Com- 
mittee on Commerce, in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, in their bill making appropriations for 
light houses, have introduced one item of one 
hundred thousand dollars, for erecting a light 
house on Minot's rock. That amount of money 
can hardly be expended by government for a 
better purpose. 

Singular Circumstance. — A swarm of bees 
located themselves on the fore yard of the Eng- 
lish ship John Humbertson, Capt. Eastman, lying 
at New Orleans. They were immediately hived 
in a tea chest, placed in a good situation, went 
to work with that diligence which is their char- 
acteristic, and made themselves perfectly at home 

The experiments with Colt's submarine batte- 
ry, at Washington, 13th ult., were entirely suc- 
cessful. The exhibition was magnificent. Half 
of the ship, of 500 tons, was shattered to atoms, 
and in one minute the remainder sank to the bot- 
tom, leaving but a small portion of the stern out 
of water. 

Launch of an Iron Revenue Cutter An iron 

ship, for the Revenue service of the United 
States, was launched from H. R. Durham &. Co.'s 
iron works, in New York, the 6th ult. She is 
360 tons burthen, 140 feet long, and is pronounc- 
ed by judges to be one of the best models of 
naval architecture ever seen. 



Cabinet Work. — Mr. Wilkins, Secretary of 
War, has, it is said, written a letter to his con- 
stituents, in favor of the annexation of Texas. 



Interesting Fact. — Mr. McChandless, of 
Pittsburg, in a recent speech, said that in 1798, 
the first armed vessel that ever floated on the 
Western waters was constructed there, under the 
instruction of a revolutionary officer. She was a 
row galley, mounting one solitary gun, and nam- 
ed the John Adams. 

Quick Work. — The fine ship Norfolk, of Bos- 
ton, Capt. Obed Shaw, arrived at New Orleans, 
from Havre, after an absence of ninety-three 
days, twenty of which she lay in Havre. 

A Prize. — The British bark Bridget, with a 
valuable cargo of lumber, abandoned in Februa- 
ry last, was picked up at sea by three Gloucester 
fishing vessels, and towed into Salem harbor. 

Cast Iron Light House. — A cast iron light 
house, to be placed on the old site on Long Island 
Head, in Boston Harbor, has just been completed 
by the South Boston Iron Company. 

An Old and Lucky Vessel. — The brig Corde- 
lia, Capt. Crockett, which arrived at Portland 
lately, from Matanzas, is the oldest vessel be- 
longing to P. She was built at Cape Elizabeth, 
in 1810. She has made seventy voyages to the 
West Indies, her present commander having 
made thirty-nine of them. 



(t/" The body of Capt. James Vickers, and 
that of the colored boy, who perished on board 
the schooner Jane, of Baltimore, destroyed by 
fire in James River, a few weeks since, have 
been recovered. 

(U" The steam boat Arkansas, while descend- 
ing the Arkansas river, on the 29th March, was 
sunk and totally lost. 

Oy The Barnstable Patriot says, the fisher- 
men are fitting largely for their business the en- 
suing season — there will be a larger number of 
vessels in the cod-fishery from Massachusetts the 
present year than for several before. 

fJJ^The keel of the Gibraltar, an English 
ship of the line, was made of Acacia, and after 
running from 1751 to 1843, the keel was taken 
and put in a new vessel. It was not, in the 
least, injured by worms. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

The Floating Light off Martin's Industry, will be re- 
moved on the first day of June next, for the purpose of 
being repaired. Her anchorage is in lat. 32° 07' north, 
long. 80° 34' west. 

The following are soundings at the anchorage of the 
Floating Light : — High water, 6J fathoms ; common 
tide, 5\ fathoms ; low water, bi fathoms. 

Tybee Light House bearing S. W. by W. half W., dis- 
tance 15 miles. 

Hilton Head bearing ft. W. J N., distance 8 miles. 

Bay Point bearing N. N. W. j W. distance 8 miles. 
M. Myers, Collector. 

DISASTERS AT SEA. 

Ship Prentice, at New Orleans, reports, March 19, 
about an hour and a half after leaving Boston, Mr. Rich- 
ard H. Cutts, chief mate, fell overboard and was drown- 
ed before assistance could reach him. He was a native 
of Maine. 

A report had reached St. Thomas, previous to 26th 
March, that a vessel from Canton had put into Barba- 
does, in distress, requiring repairs. Nothing was said as 
to her nation or where bound. We believe there is no 
vessel out of time, bound to the United States from 
Canton, or any other part of India. 

Bark Commerce, at Apalachicola, from Boston, on 
second day out, lost fore topsail yard and fore topgallant 
yard. Also lost a man from off main topsail yard, (Hen- 
ry Hollinger, of Boston.) 

Ship William Penn, at Baltimore, during a heavy N. 
E.gale, 1st ult., in Gulf Stream, shipped a sea, which 
took every thing off deck, carrying away all the lee bul- 
warks and stanchions, and washed overboard two sea- 
men who were lost. 

Schooner Brilliant, Gibson, hence at Darien, had very 
heavy weather from March 12 to 31, was twice blown 
across the Gulf Stream. 

British brig Index, Coalfleet, from New York for St. 
Johns, N. F., was totally lost night of 17th ult., in a 
heavy S. S. E. gale, near Cape Pine, with her cargo, 
pork, flour, tobacco, &c. A passenger, Capt. Lindsey, 
was lost; and a seaman, Thomas Tatem, died on his 
way to Trepassey. 

A Key West date of 3d ult.. speaks of a large Ameri- 
can sugar ship having been in contact with a British 
bark off Matanzaa, and having lost foremast was making 
for Key West, but was probably swept down the Gulf 
by the current. 

Brig Thorn, Cole, at Edenton, from Boston, expe- 
rienced severe weather off Ocrncoke, and was blown to 
sea seventeen days after she had taken a pilot. 

Brig Alpine, late of this port, condemned at Saint 
Pierre, Martinique, was at St. Thomas, 3d ult., Seavey, 
master. 



72 



SHEET ANCHOR. 




semes ss^&'s je»<ii>3p» 

The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
pat it asunder. 



In Beverly, Capt. George W. Allen to Miss Mary 
Elizabeth Dany Lovett. 

In Providence, R. I., Capt. Jas. Sweetser, of Port- 
land, Me., to Miss Dorcas P. Chute, of Boston. 

In Washington, D. C, March 5, Major A. D. Stew- 
art', Paymaster, U. S. Army, to Mary B.Atkinson, 
daughter of the late Thos. Bullitt, of Louisville, Ky. 




W. H. S. Bailey, Bristol, R. I. 

S. Gano Benedict, Pawtucket, R. I. 

Rev. B. Taylor, Seamen's Chaplain, Providence, R. I. 

J. A. Chioel, Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Mr. Douglass, Providence, R. I. 

Capt. J. F. Stevens, Nashua, N. H. 

Rev. G. VV. Bourne, Portland, Me. 

Capt. Daniel Grant, Freeporl, Me 

Thomas W. Newman, Hallowell, Me. 

James B Hovey, Bath, Me. 

William Metcalf, Thomaston, Me. 

Morgan SAFFORD.for Norwich, Conn, and vicinity. 

Rev. Mr. Palmer, Stonington, Conn. 

Havens & Smith, New London, Conn. 

Lovely & Seymore, Burlington, Vt. 

Capt. Sherman, Vergennes, Vt. 

Capt. Roland Gelston, New York. 

E. Camp, Sackett's Harbor, N. Y. 

Henry Brewster, Rochester. N. Y. 

Rev. Mr. BoYD, Watertown, N. Y. 

Mrs. Dr. Webb, Adams, Jefleison Co. N. Y. 

George Seeley, Oswego, N. Y. 

R. G. Nutt, Philadelphia, Penn. 

Messrs. Merrick, French Creek, N. Y. 

Silas Howe, Charleston, S. C. 

R. H. Leonard, Lane Seminary, Ohio. 

C. C. Hazard, Mobile Alabama. 

Rey. S. Peet, Milwaukee, W. T. 

J. Dougal, Esq., Montreal, L C. 

Rev. Mr. Kekney, Key West. Flor. 



THE LAST VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 



Capt. Roland Gelston, No. 320, Pearl Street. 
Other Boarding-Houses ill New York City. John 
McLellan,154 Cherry Street; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed,) 59 Ann St.; Thomas J. Watkins, 67 Cherry Street. 
Home Cor Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, 111 ('berry Street. 

Providence, R. 1. Seamen's Temperance Home,y3 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. Capt. Hamilton, 23 Queen Street. 
Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets, Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home, or Eastbum House. No. 
10, Lombardy Street, near K.-ont Street, by Sam'l Room, 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Society. 
Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts., by Wm. Hammond, under thecare ol the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street, 
Capt. Black. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherry Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Robinson, Thames Street. 
Alexandria, D. C. Sailor's Home, by John Robinson. 

Chaplains for Seamen in Foreign Ports. 

Oahu, Honolulu — Rev. Samuel C. Damon. 
Havre, Prance — Rev. E. E. Adams. 
Lahaina, Sandwich Islands— The Am. Missionaries. 
Singapore — The American Missionaries. 

('ro)istudt — Uev. . 

Sydney, New South Wales— Rev. M. T. Adam. 



In this city, Capt. Jeremiah Briggs, aged 66 years. 
He was the first man who ever hoisted the American 
flag in Siam. 

In Nantucket, Capt. Seth Coffin, aged 5* years; 
Capt. William Joy, aged 74 years. 

In Wiscasset, Me., Capt. Robert Wheelwright, 
aged 84 years. 

In Philadelphia, Pa., Capt. Francis C. Butler, of 
Boston, aged 61 years. 

In Washington, D. C, March 2d, Gresville C. 
Cooper, Purser U. S. Navy, aged 44 years. 

On board ship Prentice, of Boston, on the passage 
from New Orleans to Cette, Mr. Jethro G. Worth, 
second officer, of Brattleboro', Me. 



Agents for the "Sheet Anchor." 

GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 
Stephen Vialle, Boston, Mas3. 
John H. W. Hawkins, Boston, Mass. 
Thomas Thwing, rear 97 Salem Street. 
Lot Day, Commercial Street, Boston, Mass, 
Dea. Timothy Rich, South Boston. 
Luther Hosmer, Chelsea, Mass. 
M. Carpenter, No. 104, Main Street, Charlestown. 
Bradbury Pevere. Koxbury. 
John N. Barbour, Cambridgeport, Mass. 
Rev. Mr. Flanders, Beverly, Mass. 
Rev. M. Carlton, Salem, Mass. 
Ebenezer Griffin, Salem, Mass. 
Nicholas Barti.ett, Marblehead, Mass. 
Rev. Sereno Howe, Hingham, Mass. 
John G. Tiltov, Newburyport, Mass. 
Charles Whipple, Bookseller, Newburyport, Mass. 

Edward Barti.ett, Plymouth, Mass. 

M. H. Ripley, Snxonville, Mass. 

Capt. William Cook, Provincetown, Maes. 

Rev. Charles Rockwell, Chatham, Mass 

N. L. D»yton, Lowell, Mass. 

Levi Clatp, Worcester, Mass. 

N. Nelson, New Bedford, Mass. 

N A. Sprw.uk, Nantucket, Mass. 

Rev. Mr. Hf.dding, Holmes' Hole, M«9 

E. W. Jennings, Edgartown, Mass. 

N. Church, Fairhaven, Mass. 

Roswei.i. Ballard, Taunton, Mass. 

James Leach, Wilbraham, Mass. 



Institutions for Seamen in the United States. 

Saving's Banks for Seamen.— New York. No. 
71, Wall Street. Open every day (Sundays excepted,) 
between 12 and 2 o'clock. 

Portland. South corner of the Mariner's Church, 
(up stairs.) 

Boston. Tremont Street. Open daily, (Sundays ex- 
cepted,) from 10 to 2 o'clock. 

New Haven. In the building of the N. Haven Bank. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street ; Rev. Henry Chase, 136 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. R. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev. G. W. Bourne, Fore Street, near Ex- 
change Street. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord ; Bethel Church, North Square, Rev. E.T. Taylor. 
"Boston Bethel Union,'-' Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Chaplain, Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

Ni w Bedford. Rev. E. Mudge. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark, N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 
O. Douglass. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, West side, Rev. H. Best. 

Alexandria, D. C. The resident Clergy. 

Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev. 
W. B. Yates. 

Savannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White. 

NewOrleuns. No. 14. Levee Street. 

Buffalo. Rev. V. D.Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Oswego. Rev. F. Pierce. 

Rockelts, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-IIOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Trncy,9P 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Rrodliead. 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner or Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Quin, Jr., No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. 

John H. Kimball, 272 Ann Street. 

Thomas C. Gould. Ocean House. 234 Ann Street. 

Salem. Ebenezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mrs. 
Greenleaf, Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Bath, Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 



Boarding for American Malesin Havre, France. Mrs. 
Phene and Son, No 20, Quai Lombardie ; Mrs. Latham, 
No. 44, Quai Lamblardie. 

A Temperance Boarding-House for Seamen and oth- 
ers, is kept by Thomas Goodman, No. 20, Great Howard 
Street, Liverpool. 



Communications relating to the general concerns ot 
the American Seamen's Friend Society, should be di- 
rected to Capt. Edward Richardson, President and 
General Agent, or to Rev. John Spaulding, Financial 
Secretary, No. 71, Wall Street, New York. 

Donations in aid of the funds, may be sent to Chs. N. 
Talbot, Treasurer, No. 66, South Street, or to the 
office of the Society, No. 71, Wall Street, New York. 




TAMES FREDERICK FOSTER continues to 

" manufacture all the various appruved TRUSSES at 
his old Stand, No. 305, Washington Street, opposite 
No. 264, entrance in Temple Avenue, (up stairs.) 

Also, Abdominal Supporters, for Prolapsus Uteri ; 
Trusses, for Prolapsus Ani ; Suspensory Bags. Knee 
Caps, Back Boards, Steeled Shoes, for deformed 
feet. Trusses repaired at one hour's notice, and marie 
to answer, oftentimes, as well as new. The Subscriber 
bavins; worn a Truss himself 55 vear6,and fitted so many 
lor the Inst ten years, feels confident in being able to 
suit, all cases that may come to him. 

Dr. Fletcher's Truss, and Marsh's Truss, Dr. Hull's 
Truss, and Thompson's Ratchett Truss, and the Sha- 
ker's Rocking Trusses, may be had at this Establish- 
ment. Whispering Tubes and Ear Trumpets that will 
enable a person to converse low with one that is hard 
of hearing. 

0*A11 Ladies in want of Abdominal Supporters, or 
Trusses, will be waited upon by his wife, Mrs. Caro- 
line D. Foster, who has had ten years experience in 
the business. JAMES F. FOSTICR. 

May 4. 

A. &, A. B. MERRILL, 

ATTORNEYS & COUNSELLORS AT LAW, 

No. 10, Court Street. ...BOSTON. 

A. & A. B. M. will attend to all MARINE CASES. 



IN ITS PLAIN AND FANCY VARIETY, 

neatly executed at the 

SHEET ANCHOR OFFICE. 




" Which hope we have 



as an anchor of the soul." 



JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. :::::::::::::::::::;::: REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR.. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1844. 



No. 11. 



SHUT AKaHOE. 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS ROW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to THE cai'se of 

BEAMKN to VIRTUE to TKMPEKANE 

to HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the firs! and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive a sisth copy gratis, and the 
same proportion for larger numbers. 



AGENTS. 
SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS 
KEEPERS OF SAILORS 



S' HO.MCS. \ 
$3- See list of names on last page 



SEE LAST TAGE. 



XHB STORY. 

"Wonders in the deep." 



[When a min-o'-wars-m.in dies, his messmates pre- 
pare his body for burial, dressing it in white. He is then 
carefully sewed up in his hammock, with sixty or eighty 
pounds of shot at his feet, and then taken to the gang- 
way where the funeral services are performed. The 
body is placed on a plank, which projects over the side 
of the ship to prevent it from striking, and in the midst 
of the service it is slid into the deep. We give an ex- 
tract from a naval note-book.- — Ed.] 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Burial at Sea. 

BY A CHAPLAIN IN THE TJ. S. NAVY. 

A remarkable degree of health had pre- 
vailed on board the Flag Ship ; and when we 
were little expecting such an event, a cor- 
poral of marines died of congestion of the 
brain, only a few hours after he took to 
his cot. 

'It was approaching evening twilight, of a 
beautiful day in mid-summer, and all the bus- 
tle and noise of this great hive of human 
beings were hushed to comparative stillness. 
The men, with an unusual quietness, be?an 
to gavher in the starboard gang-way. The 
main topsail was backed, and our gallant ship, 
as she rose and fell on the heaving bosom of 
the deep, seemed stopping to witness the sad 
scene. The marines were drawn up on the 
quarter deck. And then the boatswain and 
his mates, with rough voices, sounding like 
the last trump, sent the call down into the 
deepest reiesses of the ship, " all hands bury 



the dead," with a solemnity of effect which 
none but those who have heard it, for the first 
time, can fully realize. The drum rolled out 
its muffled notes as the remains of our late 
shipmate were borne along the deck by his 
messmates to the gangway. The tolling of 
the bell, the rolling of the drum, and the 
funeral notes of the band, all united in im- 
pressing the scene with solemnity. The re- 
mains of the corporal being placed on the 
plank, the chaplain proceeded to perform the 
duties of his office amid a solemn silence 
that was broken only by the plunge of the 
body as it was committed to the deep, there 
to rest till the earth and the sea shall give up 
their dead. 

The men went immediately from the fune- 
ral to the braces, and presently the ship was 
moving on, leaving behind our late shipmate, 
with no monument to record his departure, 
save what might be in the hearts of his com- 
panions. And as we looked back, we could 
not help thinking of that family circle that 
had been thus suddenly broken, and of those 
hearts that would be made sad by the intelli- 
gence that a son, a brother, a dear friend, 
had been stricken from the earth. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Funeral Honors at Sea. 

The intelligence of the awful tragedy on 
board the Princeton was communicated to 
the frigate Potomac while at sea, fifteen days 
after its occurrence. On the following morn- 
ing all hands were called to muster, and the 
circular from the Navy Department was read, 
officially informing us of the decease of the 
Secretary. The colors were displayed at 
half-mast, and all work was suspended the 
same as on the Sabbath. The band played 
sacred and solemn music during the day, and 
every thing was done to give solemnity to 
the occasion, and to impress on the minds of 
all the mournful character of the event. — 
Often are we taught the lesson of life's short- 
ness and uncertainty by death's visitations 
among the crew, and occasionally among 
officers ; but now, as if to teach us the same 



lesson more impressively, and to show that 
he is no respecter of persons, the king of 
terrors has borne away our head in triumph 
to the spirit-land. 

At 12 o'clock, M., seventeen minute [runs 
were fired. The next day was marked with 
the same solemnities, in honor of the late 
Commodore Kennon, and at noon thirteen 
minute guns were fired. m. 

XT. S. ship Potomac. 



A Meeting at Sea. 

BY CHATEAUBRIAND. 

On these vast paths of the deep, along 
which are seen neither trees, nor villages, nor 
cities, nor towns, nor spires, nor tombs ; on 
this causeway without columns, without mile- 
stones ; which has no boundaries but the 
waves, no relays but the winds, no light but 
the stars — the most delightful adventure, 
when one is not in quest of lands and seas 
unknown, is the meeting of two vessels. — 
The mutual discovery takes place along the 
horizon by the help of a telescope ; then 
they make all sail towards each other. The 
crews and passengers hurry upon the deck. 
The two ships approach, hoist their flags, 
brail half up their sails, and lay themselves 
alongside of each other. All is silence ; the 
two captains, from the quarter-deck, hail each 
other with speaking trumpets — the name of 
the vessel — from what port — the name of 
the captain — where he comes from— where 
he is bound for — how many days his passage 
lasted — and what are his observations on the 
longitude and latitude. These are the ques- 
tions — " Good voyage." The sails are im- 
brailed and belly to the wind. The sailors 
and passengers of the two vessels follow each 
other with their eyes, without saying a word ; 
these going to seek the sun of Asia, and 
those the sun of Europe, which will equally 
see them die. 

Time carries away and separates travellers 
upon the earth more promptly still than the 
winds separate travellers upon the ocean. — 
They also make signs of adieu from afar — 
good voyage— the common port is Eternity. 



82 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



Til BUOY. 

TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

Temperance in the Navy. 

When we read that part of the late Secre- 
tary Henshaw's report which spoke of the 
spirit ration in the navy, we were pleased to 
find that at last there was some probability 
that the great enemy of discipline and good 
order would be banished. We had seen the 
experiment of a Temperance Society tried 
in a man-o'-war, and we regret to say with- 
out success. It may partially succeed in a 
receiving ship, but we know that it has been 
tried in a sea-going ship, under the most fa- 
vorable circumstances, and unless we have 
been misinformed, it proved a failure. In 
the case to which we allude, coffee was fur- 
nished those who would give up their grog, 
and the great majority expressed their prefer- 
ence of hot coffee over whiskey, by drinking 
the former while cruising on our coast in the 
winter. But no sooner was the ship safely 
moored in harbor, than they manifested their 
depraved appetite by returning to the grog- 
tub. It is an indisputable truth that so long 
as government will furnish whiskey, just so 
long the sailors who man her vessels will 
drink it. At the present rate it costs the 
sailor one cent a drink ; and as long as he 
can gratify his appetite so cheaply, he will 
do it. 

The only way we can keep pace with 
the great temperance movement on shore, is 
to banish the grog-tub from our ships, and 
give the sailor an opportunity of testing the 
benefits of total abstinence. There is many 
a noble fellow that would come over to the 
side of temperance, if he knew its benefits ; 
but it has become as natural for him to go to 
the grog-tub at the roll of the drum, as it is 
to go to his dinner, and he would as soon 
think of omitting one as the other. Banish 
the grog, and though at first he would feel 
as awkward as he would without a quid in 
his cheek, yet he would soon become recon- 
ciled to the change by an improved state of 
health, and increased happiness. 

Government are the only employers who 
furnish sailors with spiritous liquors ; and 
this very circumstance brings into the ser- 
vice some of the most lazy and abandoned 
creatures that can be found in the lowest 
dens of vice in our large cities. It is these 
miserable wretches who give the service a bad 
reputation. They are the ones who corrupt 
the young that are driven by misfortune or 
enticed by curiosity to a life on the ocean 
wave. Take away the inducements which 
attract the abandoned into the service — puri- 
fy it as far as it is in the power of Congress 
to do it by taking away the spirit ration, and 



encouraging temperance in the cabin and 
ward-room, by protecting the rights of tem- 
perance men there — and our national service 
will not only be the most honorable that a 
young sailor can engage in, but the most lu- 



crative. 



Mallah. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 



The Temperance Captain. 

Few officers, whether in the merchant or 
naval service, are aware of the great influ- 
ence their .example has upon their men. — 
Sailors observe closely, and are shrewd in 
reading character. None are more ready to 
respect the truly virtuous and good than Jack 
himself. I once had the pleasure of forming 
a Temperance Society on board a ship of 
war, the captain of which was a total absti- 
nence man ; and I was surprised to observe 
the readiness with which more than a hun- 
dred men came forward and took the pledge. 
Six months after, I inquired of the Secreta- 
ry how the Society flourished, and he replied 
that all but a few had violated the pledge — 
that as long as Captain S. remained on board 
things went on very well, but as soon as he 
was detached they observed their pledge no 
more, and only ten or twelve out of near a 
hundred and fifty remained true. The suc- 
cessor of Captain S. was not a total absti- 
nence man. H . e. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

The Cumberland again. 

Extract of a letter from on board the V. S. ship Cum- 
berland, dated Mahon, February S!4, 1844. 

We have a temperance society 307 strong. 
Only seventeen draw their grog. On the 
17th, of next month, it will be below ten ! 
We have let thirty men per day go ashore 
since we arrived here, except Sundays. The 
crew have been ashore three times, all round, 
and are now commencing on the fourth time ; 
and not a man has stayed over night. Not 
more than twelve (out of a crew of nearly 
five hundred) came back drunk ; and they 
have all since signed the pledge, and become 
sober men. 

We have regular weekly meetings, and at 
each meeting addresses are made by the men, 
and our Lieutenant, Mr. Foote. We have 
never had less than fifteen signers to our 
pledge at any meeting since we began ; and 
whit will you think, when I tell you that Mr. 
O'Neal is President of our Society ? 

No man can be so blind as not to see we 
have done some good. I hope to inform you 
in my next that we have driven our worst 
enemy out of our ship — that the Cumber- 
land's spirit room is filled with coldieater — 
and that you will see a petition from our no- 
ble ship to Congress, signed by every officer 
and man to discontinue their grog as a part 
of the ration. It won't do for any one in 



our squadron to get drunk, or he is used up. 
Thank God for it ! I hope to live to see the 
day when there will not be allowed one 
drunkard in any ship in the Navy. 

Temperance at the N. Y. " Home." 

Rev. Mr. Lamson, of Gloucester, who wns our fel- 
low-boarder at the noble Home of the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, writes to the Christian Watchman 
the following sketch of a temperance meeting he at- 
tended in the commodious Reading Room of that In- 
stitution : 

At an early hour in the evening the bell 
rang to call the boarders together. The 
meeting was held in the spacious reading 
room, which is capable of seating some three 
or four hundred. It was deeply interesting 
to see so large a number cheerfully respond- 
ing to the call. There were, I should judge, 
more than a hundred present. Brief ad- 
dresses were made by Rev. Messrs. Denison, 
Childs, Bailey, and by a stranger to me, a 
sailor, and by Capt. Richardson. At length 
the call was made for those who wished to 
come forward and sign the pledge of total 
abstinence, and then followed an hour which 
to me has rarely been exceeded in thrilling 
interest. Sailor after sailor, and sometimes 
three or four at a time moved from their 
seats to the table, signed the pledge, took 
their certificate of membership, and return- 
ed amidst the cheerings and clappings of 
their shipmates present, who had previously 
signed the pledge. Thirty-three took the 
pledge that evening — some of them boys 
from twelve to fifteen — and others old weath- 
er-beaten tars who had been for years slaves 
to rum. I found myself almost unconscious- 
ly joining in the clapping as one after another 
approached the table. There was one, a 
young sailor, well dressed, manly in his de- 
portment, with a countenance bespeaking 
more than ordinary intelligence. I noticed 
as he came forward there was more than 
usual joy expressed by all present, and one 
who sat near me, whispered, " He's a hard 
case." He came and took the pen, but in 
vain. He had lost the control of his hand. 
Time after time he attempted to write, but 
he could not. His whole nervous system 
was deranged, and his hand trembled over 
the paper like a leaf shaken by the wind.— 
At length one of the officers of the house 
kindly stepped forward and guided his hand, 
and his name was written to a pledge which, 
I doubt not, will be faithfully kept, and which 
will be the means of his temporal, perhaps of 
his eternal salvation. The next morning 
when I saw him, I spoke, to him of his hav- 
ino signed the pledge the evening before. — 
" Ah," said he, " if I had signed that pledge 
three weeks since, I should now have a hun- 
dred dollars more in my pocket than I have." 
Near the close of the meeting a sailor came 
forward leading a shipmate who was without 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



83 



shoes, or vest, or coat, and with his shirt 
badly torn. The poor fellow was a picture 
of wretchedness. He was young — not more 
than twenty — and would have been, but for 
his beastly condition, noble looking. He 
stammered out the inquiry if he could sign 
the pledge. He was told that he was not in 
a condition to do any thing then — but that if 
in the morning he wished to sign it, he should 
have the privilege. He urged his request, 
but was refused. The next morning I sought 
him out. He was sober and sad. I asked 
him if he still wished to sign the pledge. 
" Yes, I do," was the reply. " For," con- 
tinued he, "two more such nights as I pass- 
ed last night and I shall be dead." He sign- 
ed the pledge. That afternoon I saw him 
neatly dressed with his clean check shirt and 
duck trowsers, his handkerchief gracefully 
tied, and altogether a specimen of neatness. 
When I left he was on the stoop, and as I 
was stepping into the carriage, I shook hands 
with him, expressing the hope that the pledge 
would never be broken. " Never, never," 
was the reply. 

Who can estimate the result of that meet- 
ing? And let it be remembered, that every 
Wednesday evening, throughout the year, 
witnesses a similar scene in that room. 



A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



Letters from Seamen. 

We have been favored recently with several letters 
written by seamen to the keepers of Homes. The fol- 
lowing, addressed to Mr. Room, keeper of the Home in 
Lombardy Street, Philadelphia, is one of the many let- 
ters of this kind with which we shall enrich the columns 
of the Sheet Anchor. Such voices from the sea are 
truly encouraging to the friends of the sailor. £d. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Schooner Nonpareil, at Sea. 
Dear Sir, 

It is feelings of respect and gratitude to- 
wards you that cause me to express my 
feelings. I think it a great privilege to have 
any person whose friendship I can claim, 
under my present circumstances. But I be- 
lieve you are my friend ; and not only mine, 
but a friend to all that class of men who, 
like myself, have but a few friends to boast 
of when their money is gone. That is not 
the case with you. Never, since I left a 
father's house, or earned my bread upon the 
ocean — never have I seen the sailor used as 
he is under that roof at the Sailor's Home. 
Never before have I heard the keeper of a 
boarding house give men such counsel as I 
have heard you give them — unless it was for 
their money, or for some self-interest, or mo- 
tive of their own. What you said to Taylor 
is enough to convince me that you are trying 
to do your duty towards your fellow mortals, 
aud your God. Long may you remain in so 



good a cause, not only for yourself, but for 
the poor, weather-beaten sailor. 

Can you blame me for dreading to leave 
that house, and cross the briny ocean 1 Soon 
the blue waves will roll between us ; but I 
hope not forever. I hope we shall meet again 
on the shores of time. 

I ask an interest in all your petitions to 
the throne of grace ; that I may meet you 
in a better world, where parting is never 
known. Your sincere friend, 

Azariah Walker. 

To Mr. Hknnel, Cashier of the New York Sailor's 
Home, from a foreign sailor. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Valparaiso, December, 1843. 
Mv dear Sir, 

It is probable you have not heard from me 
since I wrote the last letter to you. I now 
take pleasure in writing to you ; but excuse 
me if I be at loss for words, through my bad 
spelling. But as I know you are a sailor's 
friend, you will not despise but read these 
lines. I hope I shall soon be with some 
Christian friends, where I can hear the Sa- 
viour spoken of in faithfulness and prayer. 
I am trying to live by faith and fetch all my 
strength from Christ ; but when I examine 
myself, I find I am very careless, and slow in 
meditation and prayer. But I have gained 
strength in the Lord, and am gaining by de- 
grees ; so I hope by the time of my depar- 
ture, I shall be counted worthy, and escape the 
gulf of despair which I see so many steering 
for. When I remember the prayer of the 
righteous, I know your minds are not far 
from me ; and that gives me many comforts — 
yes, sir, even to think of you. But before 
I go farther, I will tell you how I log on my 
voyage. You know, sir, I made up my mind 
to live a new life when I left New York ; but 
I was very blind of the word and ways of 
God — and thus I went on — read my Bible, 
but not so often as I might have done — but, 
sailor-like, did my washing and mending on 
Sundays, when I should have read and pray- 
ed to God for strength and mercy. I did not 
see my wicked state till I arrived at Sydney, 
when I and three of my shipmates went the 
fourth Sunday for to hear the Rev. Mr. Ad- 
ams, the American missionary ; and I hope 
the seed he sowed in my heart, fell upon good 
ground. It was rather late when we came 
on board the old Bethel ship ; but we were 
just in time to hear the text, which he took 
from Exodus xxviii. 8, 9. This he explain- 
ed in such a way that I could see the state of 
my heart, and I even weeped aloud, fur my 
soul felt the unspeakable burden. Thus I 
went on board, with a heavy heart. But, 
blessed be God, for his goodness ! Mr. Ad- 
ams came on board on Monday, and I then, 
for the first time, spoke to him, and told him 
the state of my heart, and how lost I was, 



when he spoke of Sabbath breakers. After 
telling me how great and good the Lord 
is to those that keep the Sabbath, and after 
talking and exhorting me to pray without 
ceasing, he bid me read Matthew xxii. 28, 
29, 30, and I had many encouragements 
while laying there. But when I left Sydney 
I was left alone with no one but Jesus to 
comfort and strengthen me. Oh ! could I 
explain the feelings I have known, how I 
would write you ! Dear sir, when you go to 
the house of prayer, if you see a stray sailor, 
take him by the hand, as you did me, and 
lead him to the throne of grace, for I never 
can forget the night I found Jesus a Saviour. 

As I have got another moment, I will tell 
you how I spent the time in China. We 
were six months at Macao, Hong Hong, and 
Canton ; and all that time I did not see but 
one like myself, looking for salvation through 
the blood that cleanses from all sin. It was 
on the arrival of the John G. Coster, in the 
latter part of June, that I met with William 
Hotchkiss, of New Haven. With him I spent 
the 4th of July, and Sunday following ; and, 
believe me, we spent that time in the service 
of God. It seems to me as if the Lord Je- 
sus was in the midst of us, while we read 
and talked of his goodness. But we soon 
had to part. I hope it is only for a little 
time though, and then we shall meet to part 
no more. Oh ! could I but tell you how I 
felt as we dropped down Wampoa river ! I 
gazed on the ship where I had left my Chris- 
tian friend, yes, even till she was out of 
sight — then could I only look to God for our 
protection. 

I can write no more ; but do pray for us, 
sir, and may the peace that passeth all un- 
derstanding be within and without you, and 
the good Sailor's Home for evermore. 
I am your fellow follower of Christ, 

V. Burt. 

Sailor's Home, New York. 

To tho Editor of the Christian Watchman. 

Dear Sir, — During my stay at the Anni- 
versaries at New York, this week, I made 
the new Sailor's Home in that city my home. 
I never wish a better home, when away from 
my own. It is an immense building — fur- 
nished with all that can add to the comfort 
or promote the good of the sailor. There 
are now over two hundred seamen who are 
daily enjoying its blessings. I can assure 
you that all that is necessary to give this 
Home a large place in the affections and 
prayers and liberality of the good all over the 
land, and all over the world — for it is not for 
the seamen of New York, or of our country 
alone, but for the seamen of the world that 
this Home is erected — is that they should 
visit it as I have done, witness its operations 
for successive days, mingle with its great 



84 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



family, and I may add emphatically, become 
acquainted with its officers. I felt often, 
while there, that I could join in the remark 
of a distinguished member of Congress, who 
having gone over the building and seen some- 
thing of its facilities for doing good, said — 
" I should rather be the President of the i 
American Seamen's Friend Society and have 
charge of this Home, than be President of 
these United States." The moral results of 
this institution are already felt in the extrem- 
ities of the earth, and they are as lasting as 
eternity. And permit me here to say, that 
clergymen visiting the city are always wel- 
comed there, and they can be as quiet and 
comfortable as at any public house, while at 
the same time they will be gaining knowl- 
edge of the most valuable kind. L 

THE LOG BOOK. 

"A Map of busy life." 



Letter from F. 0. Nelson. 

The following letter from Frederick O. Nelson, 
the sailor-missionary in Sweden, was written to Capt. 
Gklston, of New York, who has kindly furnished it to 
us for publication! We shall receive other letters from 
this devoted young sailor, who is doing so much good in 
his "beloved Swede-land." Ed. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 
Cottenburg, the 1 of January, 1844. 
Beloved Sir : 

Youre letter sant by Mr. Petterson have I 
this day recieved, for wich and the book that 
follow'd I tank you wary wary much. Even 
so your loveing cpistel, sent by Mr. Ander- 
son, together with latters from Cpt. Richard- 
son, and brother Chase, and the Rv. Spald- 
ing — all duly received. 

I wrote a few days ago, by a brig going to 
Boston, and I hope if you have not received 
you will soon receive letters, for you and Mr. 
Chase and cap. Richardson, with a report of 
my labor under October, November and De- 
cember the past years. Glory to God ! that 
through boundles mercy I still live, an ob- 
ject of the grace of God, more needy than 
ever. And blessed be his holy Name! still 
fending an open access to the thone of grace, 
in Christ Jesus. 

I wold write much, but as you know I have 
hard work for lo write ; beside 1 have vary 
little spare time. It is now betwin 11 and 
12 o'klock in the night, having had but little 
sleep a number of nigts before. So you, I 
hope, will excuse me ; besides, I hope soon 
to see, and speke with you all face to face — 
the Lord willing. 

Dear brother Gelston : You will probibly 
expect that I am warm, and all as it were on 
fire, so that the bretheren expect to be reviv- 
ed by me ; but, dear, dear brother, I hope 
that you have no such expectations — or you 
will be greatly mistakin. If the Lord per- 



mets me to come to you, et will be altogether 
for my own good — that is that I, poor crea- 
ture, mayst be revived among my warm-hart- 
ed, and lovely American brothers ; and that 
by their praires and sympathies I mayst be 
renewed, and as it ware re-baptized with the 
Holy Gost, and the more fetted for the work 
to wich the Lord evidently hath called me. 

I link I shall engage passage weth captin 
Nessen, who is to leve here for New York in 
Aprel. It wold indead be vary pleasing if I 
koldget there before the anneversary. I hop 
that the board of manegers are noth dis- 
placed weth my coming. I tink thy ought 
to consider that I need it in more than one 
respect, to converce personaly with them, for 
to inform them of my situation and the state 
of tings here — as well as to geth informa- 
tions accordingly — and their suitable advice 
how to akt — on the one hand weth prudence, 
and the other hand weth zeal. 

The Lord grant us wisdom in all tings to 
do His will ! I am now to-day going to leave 
Gothenburg to fullfill an engagement in the 
contry, about IS English miles from here. — 
This will be to meet with about 14 brothers 
from different parts, that have under the 
blessing of God been instruments of doing 
oood in wamintr their fellow sinners to flee 
from the wrath to come. Most of them are 
yung men, warm in ther first love. Do pray 
for us. This will be a kind of conference — 
probebly the first of the kind in Sweden. 
Here we are to talk together, how to guard 
the work of the Lord ; how to erekt socie- 
ties, and how these yung men are to akt, so 
as to do the most good. This, you see, is a 
vary important business, that has oeven me 
great anxiety. O, that as in days of old, 
the Holy Ghost mayst come down upon us ! 
O, that all mayst be done to the glory of God, 
in the salvation of souls ! 

So, you see, the Lord is at work in this 
land. — He is undermining the kingdom of 
the devil. Yes 1 He is working a work in 
oure days, that some will noth belive even 
ef a man told them ; and itt is wondrous in 
our eyse. I hope He will kepe on working, 
till the holl of the world, rotten establish- 
ment and all, will fill at His feet. Amen. 

Dear Sir : — Do, do pray for me. I need 
it. I am weaker than ever I was. I am in 
a vary responsible situation ; buth I tink the 
Lord dos well in letting me feal my utter 
notingnes. Yea, Lord, to Thee be all glory, 
for Thine is the power. Amen. 

Your most unworthy brother in Christ, 
Frederick Olof Nelson. 

[TJ" It will be seen by the above that Frederick is 
about visiting this country again. We are expecting 
him to come to Boston. His coming will cheer the 
hearts of seamen and their friends. 

There are other converted sailors, now on foreign 
shores, who wilt be heard from occasionally. Several 
of our most valued friends and correspondents arc of 
this class. 



The following suggestions were handed us in Balti- 
more, by the venerable author, Mr. Jwiin Brick. Ho 
is a true friend of the sailor, and has seen much of bis 
trials and wrongs. Ed. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Seamen's Provision, 

I have, in the course of my experience, 
frequently perceived the necessity of some 
further legislation on the subject of seamen 
employed in the merchant service, on board 
of vessels bound on a voyage to foreign ports, 
and beg leave to state my views in order that 
you may, whenever you see proper, proceed 
to propose the proper remedy for the relief 
of so valuable a class of our citizens. 

You will perceive by the 9th Section of 
the Act, entitled " An Act for the govern- 
ment and regulation of Seamen in the Mer- 
chant Service, approved July 2(3, 1790, 2d 
session, 1st Congress,'' that it provides for 
cases of vessels bound on a voyage across the 
Atlantic only, and prescribes the quantities 
of provisions. 

The compliance of the parties would ap- 
pear to be secured by the penalties to which 
the masters of vessels are liable — yet this is 
not a sufficient safeguard to the poor sailors, 
who, soon after their return into port, are too 
often apt to forget all their hardships and ill- 
treatment, and in consideration of a mode- 
rate sum in hand paid, will be dissuaded from 
a legal course of proceedings. 

An instance occurred a few months since, 
of a brig bound from this port to Rio Janeiro ; 
she made her passage out in the usual time. 
Soon after her departure from thence, on her 
return to this port, without any stress of 
weather, the crew were put on allowance of 
one biscuit per day, and afterwards half a 
biscuit, and some coffee, which continued 
till her arrival in port, notwithstanding the 
Captain had frequently promised to put into 
port for a fresh supply. In consequence 
thereof, not only the lives but the property of 
the owners were endangered, beside the ex- 
posure of the crew. 

Another instance occurred, wherein the 
owner of a vessel bound around Cape Horn, 
had the best part oi her provisions stowed 
under the cargo, by reason of which, the ship 
was near being lost before she got round ; 
the crew being put on short allowance. In 
other cases the provisions were discovered to 
be damaged while on the voyage. 

The remedy I would propose in all cases 
of vessels bound on a foreign voyage, that 
the Collector of the District should require 
to be produced by the owner or agent of the 
vessel of a manifest, describing the number 
of barrels, &c, and quantities of provisions 
intended to be shipped as stores ; also the 
number of hands of which the crew shall 
consist ; the port to which bound ; and upon 
the Collector being satisfied that such quan- 
tities are sufficient, as supply, shall thereupon 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



85 



grant a permit to ship the same under the 
inspection of an officer, and stowed in a part 
of the ship most accessible to the crew. 

That the Captain shall, moreover, on pro- 
ducing the manifest, and previous to a per- 
mit being granted to ship the same, make 
oath thereto that such is just and true, and 
that the said provisions are for the use of the 
crew, and no part thereof intended to be 
sold. j 0HN Brice. 

THE SALOOH. 

Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



The Sailor's Mother. 

From Mr. YATES, Seamen's Chaplain, Charleston, S. C. 

There have been some very marked cases 
of conversion. Time will only allow me to 
notice one. It is the case of a sailor who 
had not attended a place of worship for five 
years, until he came to Charleston. He was 
induced by a shipmate to attend in the morn- 
ing, and, as he afterwards slated, the sermon 
in the morning so faithfully painted his whole 
life, that he was sure some one had been re- 
lating his case to me ; and such were the 
feelings awakened within him, that he attend- 
ed afternoon and night. At the close of the 
sermon at night, I invited all who felt the ne- 
cessity of religion, to come forward. This 
sailor was the first to kneel at the altar ; and 
such were the deep feelings which agitated 
his bosom, that his sobs could be heard to a 
remote part of the church. In a few mo- 
ments his sadness was changed to rejoicing, 
and he was one of the happiest Christians I 
have ever seen. " Oh," said he, " I will 
now go home to that widowed mother, to 
whose heart I have caused many a bitter 
pang, and I am sure she will receive her 
returning prodigal ; for I have that hope now 
which I know will gladden a mother's heart." 

I have continued preaching, from time to 
time, to warn the sailor of the land-shark, 
and have had the satisfaction of knowing 
that, in many instances, it has proved saluta- 
ry in saving the unsuspecting tar from the 
schemes laid to entrap him. 

The tract entitled, "A kind word from a 
Sister," was given to a young sailor. This 
tract, together with a large number of pa- 
pers, was a donation from the Society of 
Moral Reform, in New York. This young 
man called upon me at my residence, and 
related his history, which was one of pecu- 
liar interest. During the relation of his sad 
tale, he would burst into tears, and exclaim, 
" Oh ! sir ! my conduct has already killed a 
dear and affectionate old mother, and I can 
never forget the words of one of the kindest 
of sisters, as we looked upon the cold re- 



mains of our mother, for she said, " Oh ! 
William, will you not now reform for my 
sake?" I rushed from her presence, and 
have not been home for three years, although 
she has written me often ; but I now have de- 
termined to go, and if God will only pardon 
so vile a wretch as I am, I will try to make 
amends to my dear and only sister." 

Mariners' Family Industrial Society, 

OF THE PORT OF NEW YORK. 

This Association is designed to provide 
work, at a fair price, for the female members 
of the families of seamen ; and to relieve the 
necessities of such families of the same as 
are incapable of labor, including their wid- 
ows and orphans. It was organized, on the 
foundation of the Female Bethel Associa- 
tion, December, 1843. A fund amounting i 
to $1000 has been secured, and a clothing 
store opened for the sale of articles manufac- 
tured, mostly, by the families of seamen and 
their friends. This establishment is located | 
at 76 Cherry Street, two doors from James' j 
Slip. We visited it last month, and can cor- 
dially commend it to public patronage. At 
this store may be found a constant supply, 
and good assortment of garments for seamen, 
and other gentlemen. The materials used 
are of the best quality, and the garments well 
made : double the usual price being paid for 
making. Orders are taken for ship linen, or 
families, and executed with despatch. 

The sales are for cash. Four ladies, ap- 
pointed monthly, visit the store frequently, 
to maintain the cash basis, and make reports. 
Two members of the former committee re- 
main on with the new each month. 

The following are the officers for 1844. 

Mrs. Capt. LOVELAND. First Directress. 
" C. VV. HAWKINS, Second " 
" J. ORVIIXF. TAYLOR, Treasurer. 
" F. RF.IMKK, Secretary. 

Managers. — Mrs. Cnpt. John Williams, Mrs. E. 
Bennet, Mrs. D. G. Taylor, Mrs. B. Bovee, Mrs. 
J. McComb, Miss E. Skaats, Miss E. Gelston, 
Mrs.U. P. Ward, Mrs. R. Demilt, Mrs. F. Hen- 
nell, Mrs. T. Lambert, Mrs. E. Richardson, Miss 
A. Stewart, Miss M. Vale, Mrs. Z. Mills, Mrs. C. 
Patrick, Mrs. G. T. Hall, Mrs. Capt. Woglom, 
Miss Burns, Mrs. C. Pendleton. 

Among the life members we notice, with 
much pleasure, the name of Rev. Henry 
Chase, Chaplain of the N. Y. Port Society. 

The new Association has our best wishes 
for its success. 



Farewell to the Sailor, 

We remember tmce to have stood on the 
deck of a vessel, to bid farewell to one who 
was to travel many a mile distant. The last 
word that was spoken, was "farewell," trem- 
ulously, as if the heart was too full, and 
choked the utterance. What a world of 



meaning there is in that word 1 The mother 
breathes it, as the spirit of the first-born de- 
parts, and she hears the cherubs whisper, as 
they bear its young soul away, " We have 
no business here." It is the child's word to 
the mother, whose arms have so often sup- 
ported his tender form, whose eyes have so 
often beamed forth kindness, whose lips have 
never been unloosed but to utter the melody 
of affection, as he beholds her now, a stark 
and stiffened corpse, the spirit far away from its 
tenement, wandering amid the blissful homes, 
where love keeps its undisputed throne. 

It is the language of the wife to the dying 
husband, when years of comfort and solace 
are at length, to close, and the light of life 
to be forever quenched. It is the mariner's 
last word as he bounds upon the gallant bark 
and spreads its canvass to the breeze. It is 
the word of ambition as it looks back on the 
desolate towers which his fancy had built in 
fairy splendor. It is the language of the 
brother when he stands by the grave of a 
young sister, snatched away in purity and in- 
nocence, " ere earth had profaned what was 
meant for the skies." It is the lover's last 
word as he parts from her who has been the 
object of idolatry, and knows not whether on 
earth they shall ever meet again. It is thus 
when uttering that word our attention natur- 
ally tends to that abode where parting shall 
forever cease, and farewell be unknown. 



TMM YOUTH. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 



They are Praying for lis on Shore. 

In a dreadful gale of wind, some years 
ago, there was a ship whose master was in 
the habit of attending the Bethel meeting, on 
the river Thames, and whose vessel was al- 
ways open for these social exercises. The 
gale was so severe, and the ship so much in- 
jured by it, that she became almost a wreck, 
and quite ungovernable ; the master gave up 
all for lost, as every human effort seemed in 
vain, and nothing but a watery grave awaited 
them. There were two little boys in this 
vessel ; one cried very much, and said he 
should be drowned ; the other said, "don't 
cry, Jack, I am not afraid — it is now eight 
o'clock, and they aire praying for us on board 
some ship in the Thames ; you know they 
always pray for us when we are at sea." — 
The captain heard the remark ; it seemed to 
encourage him ; he and all hands, used every 
exertion, and it pleased God to abate the 
severity of the gale, and in thirty-eight hours 
afterwards, they were safe moored in the 
river, when they hoisted the signal flag for 
prayer, and had a meeting for praise and 
thanksgiving for their great deliverance. A 
friend who was on board at the time, and 



86 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



spoke to the lads, said to the one who made 
the above remark : " Was it you, Dick, that 
cried during the gale, and was afraid of be- 
ing drowned?" "No, it was Jack; I was 
not afraid, don't you always pray for our ship 
in London 1" " Yes ; and didn't you pray ?" 
" Yes, I did." "And what did you say, my 
lad?" "I said, O Lord, save my master ! 
O Lord, save the ship ! Let Daniel's God 
save the ship !" " I trust you always pray." 
" Yes, ever since the prayer meeting was 
held on board our ship ; I never get in my 
hammock without having first prayed — but 
Jack won't, although I tell him he must." 

SHUT A^Gl-SOti. 




BOSTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1844. 

)^-The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Sailor's Snug Harbor. 

We visited this institution recently, and 
feel bound to speak of it in the highest terms. 
It is located on Staten Island, New York 
harbor, and is designed as a permanent 
home for poor, worn-out, weather-beaten tars. 
Capt. ROBERT RICHARD RANDALL 
founded it eleven years since. The property 
now invested in it is large, and applied solely 
to the original purpose. The Governor of 
the State, the Mayor and several of the oldest 
pastors of the city of New York, are the 
Trustees. Rev. Messrs. Mulligan and Fra- 
zer are the stated ministers. Religious ser- 
vices are held on the Sabbath, lectures every 
Wednesday, P. M., and prayer meetings 
two evenings each week. The attendance 
is generally good. The number of occu- 
pants is 170. Capt. Whelton is Superin- 
tendent; Mr. Haggett, Steward; Dr. Smith, 
Physician. Clothing, food, bedding, furni- 
ture, all necessaries and comforts, are fur- 
nished gratuitously. The house is heated 
by furnaces from bottom to top — and in the 
same complete order are the cooking, fuel, 
washing, sleeping, baking, airing and gar- 
dening arrangements. There is a farm of 
170 acres attached, with abundance of good 
water. A library of 500 volumes, and a va- 
riety of papers, are in the reading room. — 
The location is picturesque, overlooking the 



water, having Capt. Randall's monument 
in front, a flag staff, and gravelled walks. 
The building is commanding as well as con- 
venient. Several new rooms are now being 
added, so that at least 500 of our old breth- 
ren of the ocean may find a " snug harbor" 
there. Other facts, and inquiries, will be 
given hereafter. 

Long will the memory of this resting place 
of the weary mariner linger around our heart. 
Nay, we can never forget it. Our visit there, 
although made by us as a lonely stranger, in 
enfeebled health, and on one of the bleak, 
foggy days of an American spring, will be 
treasured up among the most pleasant visits of 
our life. Peace to the gray-haired men who 
took us by the hand, and gave the hardy 
grasp of the sailor ! Sweetly do their trem- 
bling voices sound from their quiet rooms, 
as we write ! Gentle and holy be their de- 
scent to the silent tomb ! 

"Tossed upon life's raging billow, 
Sweet it is, O, Lord, to know, 

Thou didst press a sailor's pillow, 
And canst feel a sailor's wo." 

Seamen's Friend Society. — The anni- 
versary of the Boston S. F. S. was held in 
Park Street Church last Wednesday, but in 
consequence of our being obliged to go to 
press so early, we must defer the particulars 
of the deeply interesting meeting until our 
next. We shall then give an abstract of the 
Report, and the names of the officers for the 
present year. 

New Books. — " Seaward s Narrative of 
Shipwrecks," edited by Miss Porter, and 
"The Young Sailor," by Mrs. Dana, are 
two pleasing volumes that may be obtained 
of our friends Saxton, Pierce &. Co., Bos- 
ton. It is cheering to see such books. — 
They indicate the increasing interest felt in 
the sailor's cause. 

(tT" The following letter was received after 
the last number had gone to press. Our edi- 
tion now being large, we are compelled to 
anticipate our date several days. We shall 
be happy to hear from other friends of the 
paper and the sailor. 

From Hon. J. W. Huntington, Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Commerce, V. S. /Senate. 

SENATE CHAMBER, 1 
WASHINGTON, May 20, 1844. j 

Dear Sir : 

The copies of the "Sheet Anchor." which 

have been sent to me from time to time, I have read 
with pleasure. The publication is, in my judgment, 
well calculated, and so conducted as to promote the 
great object which it is designed to secure, nn object 
highly important, benevolent and praise-worthy — the 
moral improvement of seamen,*who constitute a large 
body of our fellow citizens. I commend the paper to 
the patronage of those for whose benefit it is designed, 
and of all who take an interest in their welfare. 
1 am, very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

J. W. HUNTINGTON. 
Rev. C. W. Dsxiitm. 



The following beany appeal from " Fore and Aft," is wor- 
thy special attention. Our readers shall hear more on the 
subject. — £d. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Marine Colportagc. 

Number 9 of the Sheet Anchor, contains 
an article on Novel Reading among sea- 
men, and proposes as a remedy for the evil 
the Ships' Library, provided by the Ameri- 
can Seamen's Friend Society. 

With the writer of that article we feel the 
importance of the A. S. F. Society's opera- 
tions, know the value of their Library, and 
hail with joy any new head-land upon their 
chart of means for guiding the sailor into 
the port of heaven. But then comes up this 
question : Shall we wait the slow movement 
of the church, and the slower one of the 
merchant, to supply seamen with this valua- 
ble library ? To us this seems a matter 
of urgent and pressing need ; and having 
thought it over, we have concluded that a 
readier method of meeting the case presents 
itself in the Colporteur system — extended in 
its operations to seamen. 

This system of effort appears to be pre- 
cisely that which seamen need. It is not so 
much the number of books, as having a few 
on board of every vessel. These books, in 
addition to their direct benefits, will tend to 
a result of great practical importance ; they 
will create a taste for the right kind of read- 
ing, and lead seamen to the purchasing of 
suitable books, whenever an opportunity may 
offer. There are several reasons for marine 
Colportage which seem important. Attention 
is invited to them. 

The first is — the short lives of seamen. It 
is asserted that the length of human life on 
the ocean, is much less than on the land. It 
has been variously estimated at twelve years. 
Surely here is a reason why we should do 
what we do quickly, when our shipmates are 
fast dropping into eternity. 

Another reason is — that seamen are as 
needy as others. We would avoid all invid- 
ious comparisons ; but, with profound seri- 
ousness, we ask — who, among all the partici- 
pators in the blessings of Colportage, are 
more needy than mariners? Look at the 
means of grace provided for seamen ! How- 
ever ample they may be, seamen derive but 
little benefit from them. Are they not two- 
thirds of all their time at sea, far away from 
the sound of the church-going bell ? 

Seamen embrace in their number the re- 
presentatives of the nations of the earth, all 
of whom are more or less needy. 

Another reason for marine Colportage is — 
the moral influence of seamen. Is it urged 
in favor of our population, now most embrac- 
ed in the benevolent arms of Colportage, that 
their influence is great? We ask, what is 
their entire influence over the length and 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



87 



breadth of the land, compared with that of 
seamen over the face of the whole earth ? 

Again : Seamen take an active part in 
missionary enterprise. They pull the ropes 
and steer the ship that bears the missionary 
to the heathen shore ; and we are impelled to 
say, from a sense of wrong, that it is unjust, 
and even cruel to neglect those on whom the 
church is so dependent. 

The last reason is, that the design of the 
American Tract Society cannot be carried 
out, until seamen enjoy a full share in the 
blessings of their Colporteur effort. That 
Society has adopted for its motto — "Behold 
I bring you good tidings of great joy, which 
shall be to all ■people." To whom will their 
publications be " good tidings of great joy" 
if not to mariners? To whom will the lan- 
guage " all people" apply if not to them, 
composed as they are of every nation and 
kindred, and people, and tongue, under the 
whole heaven ? By whose agency, if not by 
that of seamen, shall " a sanctified press be- 
come the hope of the world 1" 

As regards one of the departments of Col- 
porteur effort — the distribution of tracts — we 
believe that if pious seamen can obtain tracts 
without having to pay for them — in the Eng- 
lish, German, French, Spanish, Portuguese, 
and other languages, that they will take hold 
of tract distribution " with a will," and ex- 
tend its blessings to the ends of the earth. — 
We have seen more than one sailor engaged 
in the blessed work in this and foreign lands ; 
and we do earnestly plead that a depository 
of tracts may be made with every mariner's 
preacher, and at every sailor's home, where 
they can be obtained by applying for them. 

Let the experiment be made in one of our 
cities, and it will soon be followed by all the 
rest. Boston is the place to begin — the cap- 
ital of Puritan New England. Will not Bos- 
ton do it ? 

Christian merchants of Boston ! now is the 
time to do seamen good. Who among you 
all that have grown rich by their toils and 
privations desire to be embalmed in their 
grateful remembrance ? Then put your hand 
to the work. The small sum of 85000, 
placed at interest, is all that is required ; and 
in this way you may secure a permanent 
Marine Colportage for the City of Boston — 
the first in the United States. 

Is it too great a " lift" for one of you ? 
Well, gentlemen, then make a joint concern 
of it. Two — five — ten — twenty of you can 

take hold, of the rope and sway away. 

" Many hands make light work." 

But should the merchants fail us, what 
then ? Is the project to be abandoned I Our 
shipmates are fast dying, and hasting to the 
judgment. An effort like this may be the 
means, under God, of saving many of them 
from ruim Who will come to their rescue ? 



Where are the fathers, in the city and coun- 
try, whose sons are far away upon the deep 1 
Where are the mothers, and sisters, and 
brothers ? Are there not benevolent females 
associated together in every portion of New 
England to aid the sailor's cause? We hear 
of such — and will not they rejoice to take 
this matter in their own hands? We most 
cordially invite them to do so. One, two, 
three such associations might combine their 
efforts, " and a three-fold cord is not easily 
broken." Three hundred dollars will secure 
the labors for one year of an efficient Marine 
Colporteur for the city of Boston. We send 
out our long and loud cry ; who will respond 
to it ? Fore and Aft. 




i a m & %p a %x • 

The Voice of Poetry: the Voice of the Sea. 



The Sailor's Song. 

Tune — " My life is like the Summer Rose.' 
BY BENJAMIN. 
Our cause is like a noble ship, 

Beat by the lashing wave, 
That threatens, with the wintry blast, 

A deep and watery grave ; 
And yet that ship hath sometimes rest, 
And sunshine smoothes the ocean's breast : 
Its troubles cease — the blast doth flee — 
Poor drunkard, here is joy for thee. 

You may be like a stranded bark, 

Left by the friends you tried ; 
Your coat in rags — your money gone, 

And debts on every side : 
Sign but the Pledge, you'll float again; 
With colors free from every stain, 
You'll bravely cross Temptation's sea. 
And Hope's bright star will shine on thee. 



T HI LOCKIR. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 



NAVAL. 

Active Service. — The frigate United States, 
while bearing the broad pendant of Com. Thomas 
Ap Cateshy Jones, as Commander of the Pacific 
Squadron, between the 9th of January, ]842, and 
the 14th of December, 1S43, (twenty-three months 
and six days) sailed 60,689 miles ; she was four 
hundred and nineteen days at sea, and two hund- 
red and eighty driys in port; she-visited and held 
friendly intercourse with the ports of eight inde- 
pendent nations ; she was once at Madeira, once 
at Rio de Janeiro, four times at Valparaiso, four 
times at Callao, once at Coqnimbo, twice at 
Monterey, twice at Ouhu, ence at Hawaii, once 
at Nuhiva, and once at Tahiti. 

The longest stay she made in port, at any one 
time, was thirty-eight days at Mazatlan, Mexico, 
in the expectation of hearing from Washington 
in reference to the Monterey affair. Her longest 
passage from port to port was fifty-seven days, 



from Mazatlan to Valparaiso, in making which 
7,124 miles were run. In the passage from Oahu 
to Nuhiva, of forty-seven days, 8,036 miles were 
logged. Well done, the United States ! 

{£/*" The value of imports into Honolulu, Sand- 
wich Islands, during the year 1843, was $223,- 
380; of which in American vessels, $158,100. 
Duties paid on the whole amount, $6698. 



fX/ 5 * A brig was launched in Bangor on the 
16th ult., named for Dr. Hitchcock, a dentist of 
this city. 

fXJ^ We learn from the Vicksburg Sentinel, 
that the captain of the steamboat Pearl, at South- 
erland, knocked one of her deck hands overboard, 
who was drowned. The Grand Jury found a 
true bill against the captain. 



(U° A gentleman calling on a sailor on a rainy 
evening, complained that his shoes, which were 
thin, had admitted the water. " I am surprised 
sir," said the other, "that your shoes should be 
leaky when you had both pumps a going." 

Launched. — A fine full rigged barque, called 
the " Home," and built for Captain William Mason 
of Baltimore, was launched, the other afternoon, 
from the yard of Abrahams & Cooper. 

A New Ship.— A ship, owned by Messrs. 
Kingsland, of New York, is building at Ports- 
mouth. She is 1150 tons, 175 feet long, 37 feet 
wide, 23 feet 3 inches deep, and 8 inohes dead 
rise, and is to be constructed of white oak timber, 
which has been docked two years. 

Stand from Under ! — It is stated in the 
Pensacola (Florida) Gazette, that recently, during 
a shower of rain, a youg loggerhead Turtle fell 
on the deck of the U. S. steamer Poinsett, with- 
out receiving injury ! 

fj^r* Babe, who was convicted of piracy and 
murder on board the schooner Sarah Lavinin, 
and who was to have been hanged on Friday 
next, has been respited by the President, till the 
19th of July. 

Fish Stort. — The New Haven Courier says, 
that 400,000 white-fish were lately drawn ashore 
at one haul in East Haven Harbor! This fish 
is sold to the farmers, for manure, at 50 cents a 
thousand. 

fX/^ Thomas Curtis, son of Mr. Philip Curtis, 
of New Haven, seamen on board the whale ship 
Benjamin Morgan, of New London, fell from 
aloft, one night out from that port, (Nov. 6th, 
1843,) and was lost — the night was very dark, 
and the wind blowing so hard that a boat could 
not live. 

Cunard Line of Steamers.— The Cambria, is 
the name of the new ship now on the stocks, to 
take the place of the ill-starred Columbia— it is 
reported, will be launched in June, and ready to 
take her place in the line in December. — The 
contract between the proprietors and the British 
Government, for the conveyance of the mails, 
semi-monthly, between Liverpool, Halifax and 
Boston, has been renewed for ten years. 






88 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



Donations for the gratuitous circulation of the 
"Sheet Anchor" among Seamen, collected by 
Capt. T. V. Sullivan, General Agent. 

In Worcester. — Rev. Alonzo Hill, Lyman W. 
Leland, [chabod Washburn, Charles Davis, Miss 
Waldo, I.yinan Bellows, Thomas Daniels, Henry 
Goulding, Willard Brown, Isaac Goddard, Jason 
Chapin, Otis Parker, Berija. Goddard, each §]. 
Mrs. Stephen Henry, 50 cents. 

In Jf'e.st Boylston. — Edward Phelps, $1 ; Ar- 
temas Keyes, D. C. Murdock, Dea. Sam'l Brown, 
David Reed, each 50 cents. 

In Springfield. — Capt. H. L. Bunker, Susan 
Pynchan, each $1 ; Lucretia Bliss, 33 cents ; J. 
W. Hale, Rev. W. B. O. Peabody, Capt. John 
Bunker, G. B. Morris, Edmund Palmer, Mrs. 
Esther Pynchan, E. Woodworth, a Friend, each 
$1 ; O. B. Morris, Miss Margaret Emery, Mrs. 
Mary Dwight, each $2 ; other donations, $2 53. 

In Caboiville.—Rufas Whittier, Capt. William 
Briggs, each $1. 

In Pittsfield. — James Kershaw, A. Center, T. 
Porneroy, each $]. 

In Nashua, M. H.—L. W. Noyes, J . W. Welch, 
each $3; Hartshorn & Ames, $2; Edmund Par- 
ker, $4 ; M.F.Dodge, Jr., Thomas G. Banks, 
Samuel Shepherd, Sam'l W. Abbott, David Bald- 
win, J. & E. Baldwin, L. C. Alexander, Elbridge 
Gould, Grace Combs, Sumner Morgan, John 
Cromby, Dr. Josiah Kittredge, Ed. A. Dana, a 
Friend, John F. Stevens, Seamei»'s Sewing Cir- 
cle, each $1 ; Franklin Munroe, Isaac Spauldiner, 
Merrill & Kimball, each $2. ; T, W. Gillis, $5 ; 
Miss Adams, Miss Brown, 50 cents each. 



M@ MUEEIT FOR TOM 'E©OTB THI 




The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
pat it asunder. 

In Thomaston, Me., Capt. Jonathan Small to Mrs. 
Betsey Small. 

In New York. 4th u!t., Capt. Matthew Madigan. 
to Miss Mary Lorison, of Chester, Eng. 

In Baltimore, Md., 3d ult., Capt. Joseph Emerson. 
of Thomaston, Me., to Mrs. Mary E. Bright, of 
Hampton, Me. 





Seventy hogsheads of RUM were received at Honolulu, Dec. 11, by the Heber, from 
Massachusetts, which had visited Mozambique, Madagascar, Sydney, ./Vein Zealand, and Tahiti, with- 
out being able to find a market. It was put up at auction at Honolulu, and only FIVE CASKS 
sold, and the 20th of December, the Heber left with SIXTY-FIVE casks on board. Here she 
goes, towing her hogsheads round the world. 

May she double Cape Horn with them, and find no market then ! Should she bring them back 
to Boston, the Yankee teetotal tars stand ready to knock the heads in. So, look out, Land-sharks ! 



THE LAST VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea? 

In New York, Capt. Rosweli. Trowbridge, of 
New London, Conn., aged 60 years. 

At Newton, Sussex Co., N. J., I4lh ult., Thomas O. 
Anderson, formerly a Lieutenant in the United States 
Navy, aged bo years. 

At the Island of Cuba, 10th ult., Commander J. D. 
Williamson, u. S. Navy. 

At River Pungos, Coast of Africa. Jan. 13, Capt. John 
Shirley, late master of brig Northumberland. 

At sea, on board brig Woodsidc, on the passage from 
Boston to Calcutta, of small pox, July 10, Francis 
Ellis, of Plymouth, Mass., seaman; and August 3, 
Mr. Thomas Davis, of Northumberland County, Va., 
2d officer of said brig. 



Mariners' Churches. — iVfic York. Roosevelt 
Street ; Rev. Henry Chase, 18G Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. R. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev.G.W. Bourne, Fore Street, near Ex- 
change Street. 

Boston. Mariner's Church. Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord; Bethel Church, North Square, Rev.E.T. Taylor. 
"Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Chaplain, Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. E. Mudge. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark. N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev- 
O. Douglass. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Philpot St., Rev. H. Best. 

Alexandria, D. C. The resident Clergy. 

Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev 
W. B. Yates. 

Savannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White. 

Neto Orleans. No. 14, Levee Street. 

Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Oswego. Rev. F. Pierce. 

Rocketts, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 

GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-IIOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 9!) 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronagc of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Rrodbeacl, 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 2b3 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Sireets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Quis, Jr., No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. 

Salon, F.henezer Griffin, near South Bridge ; Mrs. 
Greenleaf, Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland, Me. — Seamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath, Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 11)0, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 

Capt. Roland Gelston, No. 320, Pearl Street. 

Other Roarding-Houses in New York City. John 
Mcl.cllan.15-t Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St.; Thomas J. Watkins. 67 Cherry Street. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, fil Cherry Street. 

Providence, R. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South Water Street. 



Charleston. Capt. Hamilton, 23 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets, Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home, (Eastburn House.) No. 
10, Lombardy Street, near Front Street, Sam'l Room, 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Society. 

Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts., by Wm. Hammond, under thecareoi the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street, 
Capt. Halcolm. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street, Fell's Point. 

Alexandria, V. C. Sailor's Home, by John Robinson. 



Boston Bethel Union. 

OFFICERS FOR 1843. 
SIMON G. SHIPLEY, Esq. President. 
CLEMENT DREW, Vice President. 
Rev. CHAS. W. DENISON, Secretary. 
Dr. J. C. AVER, Hanover St. Treasurer. 
Managers. — iIenj. Abrahams, Frederick Gon.D, 
Jonathan Howe, J. P. Rice, J. M. S. Williams, Ed- 
iurd Sands, John N. Barbour, Thomas P. Smith, 
Jacob Hook, Robert White. 

Boston Marine T. A. Socictr. 

OFFICERS FOR 1843. 

Rev. CHAS. W. DENISON, President. 

Capt. J. S. SLEEPER, Vice President. 

BENJ. ABRAHAMS, 

JOHN BROWN, " " 

JOSEPH VOSE, Secretary. 

Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer. 
Managers. — Richard Butler, Lot Day, Adoi.ph 
Biornbf.rg, N. B. Shaw, R. B. Norton, J. J. Sulli- 
van, Frederick Gould, Jacob Hook, John H. W. 
Hawkins, J. Quin, Jr. 



JN ITS PLAIN AND FANCY VARIETY, 

NEATLY executed at the 

SHEET ANCHOR OFFICE. 




" Which hope we have 



as an anchor of the soul." 



JONATHAN HOWE 



3 PUBLISHER. ::::::::::::::::::::::: REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1844. 



No. 12. 



SHE.KT a:sg.koh. 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS ROW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEIHPERANE 

to HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A IrEAR. IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will "Main five suliscribers.and remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
same proportion for larger numbers. 

AGENTS 
SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS 
KEEPERS OP SAILORS' HO 

55- See list of names on last page 



iltEB. S 



EE LAST PAGE. 



"Wonders in the deep." 



fjtf-The following sketch, by a sailor son of Rev. Mr. 
Hliss, of the Tract Society, will be found deeply inter- 
esting. He are happy to add that \V. R. B. will con- 
tinue to contiibute to our columns. — Ell] 



For the Sheet Anchor. 



The Sailor ! who cares for him ! 

A SKETCH. BY W. R. BLISS. 

Who thinks of him, when the elements 
rage without, and the mournful howlings of 
the wind and the dismal patterings of the pit- 
iless storm drives the wayfarer to shelter, 
dampens the mirth and gayety of the ball- 
room, and disturbs the happy enjoyment of 
the fireside circle ; who, when the increas- 
ing fury of the storm arouses from slumber, 
and forbids all rest, thinks of the sailor ex- 
posed to all the madness of the gale, battling 
to overcome its rage, in his noble bark, which 
has been his only home for months or years, 
and which though often during his wander- 
ings has bravely weathered many a tempest 
and many a gale ; yet now almost within 
sight of his much looked-for, long wished-for 
port, he feels that her trusty planks are no 
longer faithful to their service, that no mor- 
tal skill can longer avail, that his sinking 
ship may ere long be his grave ! Who then 
thinks of him in his distress ? Who cares for 
him? Who hears his plaintive cry for suc- 
cor, borne away by the winds as if in mock- 
ery of his sufferings? Who? One whose 



powerful arm " can still the tempest's wrath- 
ful might," who calls himself the sailors' 
friend. He comes even when hope, " that 
last of misery's allies" has died within his 
breast. He makes that storm a calm. He 
bringeth them from their distress. Yes, the 
sailor has one powerful, mighty friend, one 
that cares and thinks for him. He keeps 
the tempest-tost mariner and hears his cry 
for help. And there is one other that thinks 
of him : her thousand cares are. with him who 
has been for months upon the deep, and as she 
anxiously awaits him, into her mother's heart, 
long expecting, long hoping, long dreading, 
enters every gust and every blast that howls 
without. Ah ! yes, there is one to whom 
these fagings bring thoughts and feelings for 
him who is the wild wind's sport, and the 
mother's prayer ascends, and not in vain, to 
Him who has acknowledged himself the 
sailor's friend. 

What cause or object is there that should 
excite our feelings, or awaken our sympathies 
more than the cause of the sailor : and yet 
how few, how very few there are who ever 
feel for him or think of him in his distress, 
or offer succor in the hour of need ! We 
pray fervently for the little band of mission- 
aries who embark for foreign shores; we 
pray for their safety, their prosperity, and 
their welfare, and as they go to peril the dan- 
cers of the deep, and the temperature of for- 
eign climes, our prayers go with them, and 
our supplications follow them. But who 
thinks of that noble crew, of that band of 
hardy sailors, who go to brave the same dan- 
gers and perils that the gospel may be borne 
to heathen lands ? What prayer goes up to 
Israel's God for their safety, their prosperity, 
their welfare? What supplication follows 
them on their perilous track ? Ah ! 'tis well 
they have a friend who, when the storm rages 
loud, and the winds madly roar, till their souls 
melt because of trouble, stands by them. — 
He hears their cry for help, and brings as- 
sistance in the hour of peril. 

We take up the daily sheet and read of 
shipwrecks and disasters, of ships that sailed 
from port and have never been heard from — 



of floating fragments of wrecks— of the sailor 
washed from the yard-arm or pitched from 
the giddy mast-head into the boiling water?, 
where he sinks " unknelled, uncoffined, and 
unknown"— of his death in foreign climes 
by burning fevers, or by the hands of bar- 
barous savages— we hear of them perishing 
by hunger or cold— we find their whitened 
bones along the dreaded cannibal shores— 
they droop and drop in foreign hospitals and 
foreign prisons— we read of their distresses, 
lay the sheet by, and does an after thought 
of their needy condition enter our minds I 
Do we trouble ourselves or our purse for 
them afterwards '. 

The day had been lovely in the extreme, 
the breeze fresh from North West, and the 
sun just approaching the point where with 
shifting hues he bids his last adieu to day. 
We had just finished our supper, and were 
seated back from the table around the cabin, 
talking fondly of the home and friends to 
which the fair breeze was wafting us, when 
the officer of the deck announced something 
adrift off the weather bow. So eager were 
we for something new to vary the monotony 
of the day, that instantly all were on deck 
watching our rapid approach to the object 
which, as it arose and fell in the swell of the 
sea, betrayed a vessel bottom up ! We luffed 
up and run close alongside, but no living 
object was there in view, for the laughing 
waves were washing exultingly the bright' 
copper bottom, with such a demoniac exul- 
tation as they sported wantonly around their 
prey, as to send a chill to every heart. Here 
was food for reflection ; aud for days after- 
wards did none make mention of the lost 
ship and the probable fate of her crew with- 
out feelings of awe and dread. The poor 
fellows have gone to their long home ! How 
eagerly will expecting friends look, and watch, 
and hope for their return ; but alas ! how 
vain their hopes will ever prove ! Little will 
they ever know of their fate, and for years 
will be brought to the remembrance of many, 
the never-heard-from ship at sea ! How many 
a tender mother, an anxious widow, a broken 
family will mourn in sadness for the fate of 



90 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



a lost son, husband or brother — the unheard 
of at sea. And yet such tales are told by 
almost every arrival — the ocean floats upon 
her treacherous bosom many such, of which 
we daily read. But whoever thinks of those 
poor fellows who in life and health bad adieu 
to home and home's endearing charms, to 
find a grave in those depths far, far below, 
beyond which the lead will sink no deeper, 
and the line returns slackened to the hand? 



Til BVOT. 

TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



The Temperance Commodore. 

But for nur absence the following admirable article 
would have found a place in the Sheet Anchor several 
weeks ago. It is an extract from an address marie by 
Commodore Thomas Ai 1 Catf.sbt Jones, of the U. S. 
Navy, on the occasion of punishing sis mutineers. All 
who read it— and we Oust all will — cannot but say that 
it does honor to the heart and head of the temperance 
Commodore. — [ICo. 

Drunkenness in civil courts is always, and 
justly too, considered an aggravation rather 
than a palliation of the offence. 

As in the present case, so in all others 
which occur in the Navy, five-sixths of the 
punishments inflicted can easily be traced to 
drunkenness ; and not only is this true as re- 
gards the Navy, but the records of crime in 
civil life, almshouse reports, and the reports 
of lunatic hospitals, prove that a still o-reater 
proportion of their inmates, and of gallows 
executions are victims of rum. 

How often does the sailor, when his ship 
is safely moored in port, look with a longing 
eye, and ardent desire towards the shore, and 
pant for a few hours of liberty ? And why 
cannot he be indulged ? Why cannot a quar- 
ter watch be mustered every evening to go 
on shore on liberty ? Because they will not 
abstain from rum ! Because they will not 
return punctually and soberly to their duty. 
Some get drunk and overstay their time, and 
when reason is restored, are afraid to return 
to their ships, and so, to a breach of liberty 
add the crime of desertion. 

Thus it is that your officers, who are bound 
to keep their ships always in a state not to 
be surprised, and to avoid the mortifying 
spectacle which a drunken sailor always pre- 
sents to their eyes, and to spare themselves 
the painful duty of degrading a noble man at 
tlie gangway, are obliged to deny you the lib- 
erty which, under other circumstances, they 
and I would most gladly allow. It has been 
said that a man-of-war is a state prison — if 
that be true, Rum is the jailor; destroy tint, 
and the shipped man can be as free as the 
commissioned officer. 

Would you desire such a slate of things ? 
You Ijuve only to will it, and it must be so. 
Your country has at last advanced one step 



towards rescuing the sailor from perpetual 
degradation to which the too free use of ar- 
dent spirits has hitherto consigned him. — 
Congress has passed a law to regulate the 
Navy ration, by which whiskey is reduced 
one-half, and in lieu thereof, tea and coffee 
are to be issued. 

Why did not Congress abolish whiskey 
from your ration altogether? Only because 
some rum-loving persons in authority libelled 
your patriotism and love of country, by say- 
ing that "American sailors would not enter 
the navy, without the allurement of whiskey." 
Are you willing to rest under the disgrace of 
such a charge ? I trust not — I believe not — 
for one, J am not ; for although my station 
in the Navy is far above the shipped man's, 
without him I could not be where I am. No 
battles are fought, no laurels are won' with- 
out the common sailor, as he is called, does 
his part. As the officer gathers the laurels 
won by the blood and valor of the sailor, so 
too must he partake more or less of the re- 
proach so often cast upon him. 

Are you not willing to do something in the 
good work for yourselves ? Believe me, when 
I tell you that liquor is a thief and a mur- 
derer, and'is the greatest enemy mankind in 
general has to contend with, though to sailors 
he is more unrelenting than to any other class 
of men. On board ship he brings you to the 
gangway, and deprives you of that rational 
liberty which, under other circumstances, 
you might freely indulge in. On shore he 
takes possession of reason, while the harpy 
who administers the poison takes possession 
of your hard-earned wages. 

Drunkenness unfits man for any of the du- 
ties for which he was created. He cannot 
be entrusted with the performance of any 
part requiring words or thoughts to execute 
it. It unfits him for the enjoyment of social 
or domestic happiness. In fine, it unfits him 
for every thing in life that is rational, honor- 
able, profitable, or virtuous, and prepares him 
for disease, degradation, premature death ; — 
nay, for the gangway, the prison, and the 
gallows. 

Will you not then — I earnestly ask the 
question — lend a hand to conquer this great- 
est of enemies ? There is not a man among 
you who would not cheerfully follow your 
officers to the cannon's mouth, though its 
unerring aim were directed to the stoutest 
hearts. 

Are there many, are there any, among you, 
who will not enlist in this holiest of wars — war 
unrelenting, against the use of ardent spirits 
in the Navy of the United States? 

Wlti any among you join me in a petition 
to Congress, to abolish whiskey from the 
Navy ration altogether, and not only from the 
ration, but from the cabin, the ward-room, 
and every other part of the ship, save only 



the medical department ? I do not wish to 
take you by surprise. Reflect upon this pic- 
ture which I have endeavored though in much 
haste, to draw with the utmost fidelity, and 
then decide for yourselves. 

Is it all well with you at present? If yea, 
you have nothing more to desire. But if 
not, strike at once at the root of the evil, re- 
move the cause, and its effects must cease ; 
and as the cause of all your troubles is drunk- 
enness, let us remove that evil, and the an- 
ticipated good must and surely will follow. 
Tnos. Ap C. Jones. 

Commander in Chit/ of the Pacific Squadron. 

Flag Ship UNITED STATES, ) 

Mazalatan Bay, Feb 13,1844. ( 



A Land Shark: 

LOOK OUT FOR HIM, SHIPMATES I 

The Editor of the Portland Washingtonian 
says : A gentleman in this city informs us 
that he was in Boston last week shipping a 
crew. While there, he was under the neces- 
sity of following one of his men into a house 
in Ann Street, kept by a sailor landlord. — 
Seeing another sailor idling there, he asked 
him if he did not want a voyage. " No," 
said the landlord, " he can't ship yet, for his 
money is not all gone." This landlord then 
made his boast that he had spent §300, and 
had not been home three weeks. When paid 
off, he received $390 — he had got but $90 
left — and that would not be gone before next 
week ; at the same time, he turned towards 
this sailor, and with much show of friend- 
ship spoke in exalted tones of his generosity 
and free-heartedness ! This is the way the 
land sharks serve their customers ! 

All Hands Ahoy! 

A beautiful temperance ship has lately been 
launched at the foot of Canal Street, New- 
York, and has had her ensign flying at the 
mizzen-peak for the last three Sundays, from 
two o'clock in the afternoon till sunset. The 
commander is greatly in want of hands to 
man this pretty vessel, and he takes this op- 
portunity of respectfully inviting all persons 
to sign the ship's articles ; but in a particu- 
lar manner he would earnestly request the 
attendance of distillers, rum-sellers, moderate 
drinkers, hard drinkers, and conjirmid drunk- 
ards — so that they may hear and judge for 
themselves, which is the best : a miserable 
or a happy life. Those weather-beaten, neg- 
lected, hardy sons of the ocean, who have 
been drifting about in the rough sea of In- 
temperance, for years, without a rudder or a 
compass, are. expected to be on deck, next 
Sunday, at two o'clock precisely, with their 
pieces loaded, and every thing ready to give 
battle to the tyrant. Come one — come all ! 
A Washingtonian. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



91 



THE K0M8. 

A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



The following letters were written nt sea l.y two sea- 
men, anri ndilressei! to Mr. Room, keeper of the Sailor'B 
Home, Philadelphia. — [Ed. 

For the Sheet Anchor, 

Religion on the Ocean. 

At Sea, November. 

Dear Sir : — With pleasure I pen these few 
lines hoping to find you all in good health as 
it leaves me at present ; thanks be to that 
great Being, to whom alone thanks are due ! 
Oh, that we may be enabled to live to him 
who gives us our being, who holds the migh- 
ty ocean in the hollow of his hand. 

After leaving the wharf we came to at the 
Point House, having left our boat behind. — 
In the afternoon got the boat, and in the 
evening assembled in the cabin and held a 
meeting. Opened with prayer by the pilot, 
and a happy meeting it was. Oh ! that it 
were the case with all vessels out of Philadel- 
phia ! May that happy day arrive when all 
seamen shall bow the knee to Him who alone 
is to be worshipped in spirit and in truth. 
Pray on for us ; and may your prayers and 
ours ascend to God, our only hope and re- 
fuge. I am fully confident we shall have 
(should the Lord in mercy spare us,) a hap- 
py voyage ; and may we live to tell all brother 
seamen the sweets of serving the Lord. O, 
that they may be led to turn to the Lord 
with all their hearts ! We have been greatly 
detained through blustering winds, and thick 
weather. 

My dear friends, pray for us that we may 
prove faithful, and we will pray for you ; and 
may our prayers ascend to God, and, prove 
effectual. I now conclude by giving my kind 
love to you all, friends. May the Lord bless 
you with every thing needful, both here and 
hereafter, is the sincere prayer of your 
Humble servant, 

John McNeill. 

Dear Friend : — As Jack has left me room 
for a few words, I cannot but say something, 
though my heart is too full to give it utter- 
ance. You cannot imagine how I felt at 
parting with you, and all my dear friends ; 
but I hope we shall have a happy voyage. We 
have meetings morning and night, in the 
cabin ; and there, and in the forecastle, do 
our prayers daily ascend to the throne of 
grace, that God may bless and prosper you, 
and the Sailor's Home. You must pray for 
us that we may prove faithful — that God may 
return us safe to you again — that we may tell 
our brother seamen of God's goodness and 
mercies ; and prove to them that God is the 
same at sea as on land. Oh ! I trust in God 
that the Sailor's Home may be as in times 
past; that songs of praise may be heard in 
its walls, and that many may, as we do, look 



back to it as the birth place of their hopes in 
Christ ! Give my best love to all my dear 
friends in Christ. Remember me to all in 
the house. All hands send you their thanks 
for your kindness. We are all well, and all 
send their love to you all. I will not forget 
the museum. And now farewell ; and may 
God bless you, and prosper you, is the con- 
stant prayer of your sincere friend, and 
brother in Christ, 

CimtLES B. PoTTINGF.R. 

The Bethel Missionary. 

A Christian brother has been engaged a 
portion of the year, who has labored as a 
missionary at large among seamen, in New 
York. In prosecuting his work, he has vis- 
ited one thousand nine hundred and fifty- 
three vessels, and distributed sixteen thous- 
and five hundred and thirty-one papers, and 
forty-five thousand one hundred and ninety- 
two pages of tracts. He has also visited 
many of the sailor boarding houses, labored 
personally with the inmates, and held relig- 
ious meetings for seamen occasionally on the 
Sabbath. Those at all acquainted with the 
exposures of sailors on land, and the charac- 
ter of the influences to which they are ex- 
posed, will not doubt the propriety and ex- 
pediency of this effort in their behalf. It is 
well known that this class of our fellow citi- 
zens are the accredited representatives of 
Christian nations, that they scatter either the 
streams of salvation, or the bitter waters of 
pollution and death, from shore to shore, in 
their wide wanderings over the globe , and, 
therefore, that every sailor must either be a 
travelling missionary of the Cross, or a mis- 
sionary in the service of the prince of dark- 
ness. That this labor has done all that could 
be wished to elevate and redeem the poor 
sailor is not affirmed, but that it has effected 
some good, and been instrumental in the sal- 
vation of some precious souls, will doubtless 
appear at another day. 

EXTRACTS FROM HIS REPORT. 

April 30. — Found a number of sailors on 
board a schooner, all belonging to the Sailor's 
Home. They gladly received my tracts and 
papers, and immediately went to reading 
them. A sailor on board a brig appeared 
rather tender on the subject of religion, be- 
lieving it to be the one thing desirable above 
all others, but was not quite ready to attend 
to it. How many there are of this class — 
that are almost persuaded to be Christians, 
but the fear of losing some worldly enjoy- 
ment keeps them from duty ; and thus they 
go on procrastinating, yet intending some, 
time to repent and turn to God, till death 
comes and finds them unprepared ! 

May 1. — Conversed with a sailor who said 
he once enjoyed religion, but when he went 



to sea he fell in with bad company, and found 
it very difficult to live the life of a Christian. 
Consequently he lost all religious enjoyment, 
gave up secret prayer, and practised iniquity 
with his shipmates. I remonstrated with 
him for taking such a course, and entreated 
him to "repent, and do his first work." It 
is a common remark among sailors, that they 
would be glad to become Christians ; but, 
they add as an excuse, that their circumstan- 
ces are so unfavorable that it would be im- 
possible for them to lead a consistent Chris- 
tian life. 

During the past month, have distributed 
5G40 pages of tracts, and 1280 papers, on 
board 37 ships, 8 barks, 24 brigs, 29 schoon- 
ers, 7 sloops, 3 steamboats, and 2 canal boats. 

Charles Jones — the Sailor Student. 

His life had been on the ocean. Ten 
years he had been on the deep. For nine 
years he did not know that any on shore 
cared for the sailor's salvation ; and when on 
one occasion he was invited to go to church, 
and heard the minister pray for their vessel, 
then about to sail, he thought that it was 
out of personal friendship to the captain. 

At the age of twelve, he had gone on 
board ship, then comparatively an innocent 
boy ; but at fourteen, he was drunken, pro- 
fane and profligate. He had gone through 
many scenes of vice. But on board the brig 
Billow, as they were approaching the end of 
their voyage, one Sabbath morning, a ship- 
mate threw out of his chest, two tracts, 
which he had received before leaving port. 
He picked them up, and as he read the 
" Swearer's Prayer," he. was convinced of 
sin ; he remembered with remorse his dread- 
ful prayers, in which he had called on God 
to damn the ship, the crew, and his own soul ; 
and at midnight he rose, and prayed for mer- 
cy. But afterwards temptations overcame 
him. He would drink, even while feeling 
that it was the cup of death. At length, 
however, when he was at Boston, he resolved 
to seek the Sailor's Home, and endeavor to 
break off from intemperance. He went 
there. He was invited to a meeting for 
prayer. He was led to repentance. He 
found peace in believing, and now he was 
ready to say to his brother sailors, " Come 
to Christ." Let me plead with you. I know 
your trials. Have you been in the forecastle 
oppressed with fever I So have 1 ! Have 
you seen thirty a week cut off by death in 
your ship 1 So have I ! Have you seen ship- 
mates dashed to pieces at your feet ? So have 
I ! Have you suffered at sea, and on land ; 
have you gone, down into the dens oi vice ; 
have you led the virtuous down deep into in- 
famy? So have I ! But I have found mercy. 
And I invite you all to come to Christ ! — 
Come ! Come ! 



92 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



<A Map of busy life. 1 



Letter from Capt. A. V. Fraser. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,) 
Revenue Bureau, April 8, 1844. ( 

Sir, — I have the honor to submit the an- 
nexed report, of the services performed, by 
such of the Revenue vessels, as were direct- 
ed to cruise upon the coast during the past 
winter, for the relief of any distressed mer- 
chant vessels that might be fallen in with. — 
It will be perceived that notwithstanding the 
small size of the vessels, and the great sever- 
ity of the weather, they have been kept con- 
stantly in motion from the 1st day of January 
until the 1st day of April, and have afforded 
prompt and very important aid to the com- 
mercial marine. Exposed, themselves, to all 
the dangers incidental to a continuance at 
sea upon our northern coast during the win- 
ter months, it is worthy of notice, that no 
accident of a serious character has befallen 
any one of the fleet, but that all are now ac- 
tively engaged at their appropriate duties. 

It may be proper here to remark, that the 
condition of the vessels stationed at Charles- 
ton and Mobile is such as to render it neces- 
sary to confine their operations in bays, and 
likewise that the withdrawal of the " Nau- 
tilus," (which vessel belongs to the coast 
survey,) from the Key West station, will, 
until the steamers now building shall be put 
into operation, leave the whole coast from 
Savannah to New Orleans, unguarded. 

It may be anticipated that next winter a 
complete chain of communication will be 
opened along the whole line of sea-board, 
and that the facilities for guarding the rev- 
enue, as well as of affording relief to dis- 
tressed vessels, will be greatly increased, Uy 
the substitution of steam in lieu of such as 
are unworthy. 

The "Alert," at Eastport, under command 
of Capt. John Whitcomb, was directed to 
cruise at sea between Eastport and Mount 
Desert Rock, and boarded or spoke forty- 
seven vessels, supplied one with provisions, 
and assisted one which was stranded. The 
distance run by log, 2G26 miles. 

The " Morris," at Portland, under com- 
mand of First Lieut. J. B. Fulton, cruised 
at sea between Penobscot Bay and Cape Ann, 
boarded and spoke one hundred and twenty 
vessels, and supplied several with men and pro- 
visions. The distance run by log, 1800 miles. 

The " Hamilton," at Boston, Capt. Josiah 
Sturgis, cruised between Cape Ann and 
Chatham Lights, boarded and spoke two hun- 
dred and eighty vessels, and supplied twenty- 
one vessels with men and provisions. The 
distance run by log, 2054 miles. 

The " Jackson," at Newport, Capt. Thom- 



the Vineyard Sound, between Holmes' Hole 
and Point Judith, for the relief of the coast- 
ing vessels, boarded and spoke sixty-one ves- 
sels, and supplied nine with men and pro- 
visions. 

The " Madison," at New London, Capt. 
Richard Evans, cruising within the waters 
of Long Island Sound, from Point Judith via 
Block Island to Gardiner's Bay, boarded and 
spoke forty-nine vessels, to whom assistance 
was offered. 

The " Ewing," at New York, Capt. H. D. 
Hunter, cruising at sea, between Montaug 
Point and Little Egg Harbor, boarded and 
spoke two hundred and fifty vessels, and af- 
forded very important assistance to several, 
by quelling two mutinies on board merchant 
ships, as well as by timely supplies of men 
and provisions. Distance sailed by log, 
4Gfil miles. 

The " Forward," stationed at the mouth 
of the Delaware Bay, under command of 
First Lieut. James H. Roach, boarded and 
spoke eighty-six vessels, and assisted several 
which were in distress. Distance sailed, 
1818 miles. 

The " Wolcott," Capt. Henry Prince, Jr. 
within the waters of Chesapeake Bay, be- 
tween the Capes of Virginia and Baltimore, 
boarded and spoke one hundred and twenty 
vessels, and supplied five with men and pro- 
visions. 

At the same time that very important relief 
has been afforded to vessels engaged in com- 
merce, the legitimate duties of the Revenue 
vessels in guarding the revenue, have been 
strictly attended to, and the exertions made 
by the several commanders, officers, and 
crews, in seeking those who might require 
their aid and assistance, are deserving of the 
highest commendation. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respect- 
fully, your obedient servant, 

Alexander V. Fraser, 

Captain U. S. Revenue Bureau. 
Hon. J. C. Spencer, 

Secretary of the Treasury. 

Sunday at Sea. 

Tlio following is an extract of a letter received in 
this city, dated " At Sea — on board the U. S. frigate 
Raritan, March 21, 18.44.V 

" Let me give you a picture of our Sun- 
days at sea, for they are among the most im- 
pressive scenes I have witnessed since I left 
home. I have just returned from service on 
deck, where were gathered nearly five hun- 
dred of us, to worship God on the deep waters, 
in the free and open air, the blue sky above, 
and the deep bass of the sounding sea below. 
It is an imposing and interesting sight. At 
the capstan, over which is thrown the flag of 
the Cross, stands the Chaplain. The officers 
are grouped together on the quarter deck, 



AS Rudolph, cruising within the waters of | looking stately and war-like, in their uni- 



forms ; near them stand the musicians and 
choir of singers, who sang the chaunts and 
hymns most solemnly and sweetly. The 
sailors form a picturesque group, standing on 
each side of the vessel, with heads ever un- 
covered, dressed in snow-white trowsers and 
shirts, relieved by blue collars — their youth- 
ful faces turned toward the Chaplain with in- 
terest and earnestness ; among these are a 
few gray heads, old weather-beaten tars, who 
add still greater interest to the scene, con- 
trasted with their young companions. We 
hear the Episcopal church service, and I as- 
sure you the impressive liturgy of that church 
loses nothing of its unequalled beauty and 
solemnity when read at sea. 

" Sunday seems to be a happy day here. 
Every one looks cheerful, pleased, and well 
dressed. Thus far the weather has sympa- 
thised with us, the sky putting on its clear- 
est blue, and the sun its brightest smiles, so 
that services have been performed on deck, 
uninterruptedly, every Sunday, since we left 
New York. This, we think, is our last Sab- 
bath at sea, and I truly regret it." 



To bring the Drowned to Life. 

Immediately, as soon as the body is remov- 
ed from the water, press the chest suddenly 
and forcibly, downward and backward, and 
instantly discontinue the pressure. Repeat 
this without interruption, until a pair of bel- 
lows can be procured. When obtained, in- 
troduce the nozzle well upon the base of the 
tongue. Surround the mouth with a towel 
or handkerchief, and close it. Direct a by- 
stander to press firmly upon the projecting 
part of the neck (called Adam's apple,) and 
use the bellows actively. Then press upon 
the chest to expel the air from the lungs, to 
imitate natural breathing. Continue this, at 
least one hour, unless signs of natural breath- 
ing come on. 

Wrap the body in blankets, place it near a 
fire, and do every thing to preserve the nat- 
ural warmth, as well as to impart an artificial 
heat, if possible. Every thing, however, is 
secondary to inflating the lungs. Send for a 
medical man immediately. 

Avoid all frictions until respiration shall 
be in some degree restored. 

Valentine Mott, 
Surgeon Gen. of the Amer. Shipwreck Society. 

New York, 1844. 



" Who has no heart to feel for Jack V 

Thus the poor sailor cries : 
I'm in the storm — the sails aback — 

And hope within me dies. 

" Who cares for thee, poor sailor ? I " 
Says Christ, " though billows roll :" 

Flee thou to Christ — and from on high 
His grace shall save thy soul. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



93 



Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 

The Sailor's Aunt. 

Rev. John Davis, of Schodack Landing, N. V., re- 
lates a story of a sailor who was converted from the 
error of his way by a tract put in his hands by a pious 
aunt. 

A missionary, when on his station in Asia, 
wrote a few " Advices" to the children of 
the Sabbath School of which he had former- 
ly been a teacher, and sent them home. The 
Sabbath School Union, from a desire they 
might be useful to others, published them in 
the form of a Reward Book, for the benefit 
of their schools at large. 

But a few years elapsed, when, in conse- 
quence of restrictions being laid on his ef- 
forts, and those of his missionary brethren, 
and obstacles to the prosecution of their mis- 
sionary enterprise being put in their way, 
which the Board of Directors could not get 
removed, the missions were relinquished, and 
he and his fellow missionaries were recalled. 

The day after his arrival at home, he was 
invited to attend the funeral obsequies of an 
aged Christian lady, in whose company he 
had spent many pleasant and profitable hours 
previous to his going abroad. It was at this 
funeral that he met the subject of the present 
narrative, and heard from his own lips the 
facts herein narrated. 

While waiting in the house of mourning, 
a young and ruddy seaman walked in and 
took a seat by his side. He appeared much 
dejected, and absorbed in thought, and his 
whole appearance and demeanor were very 
different from that of any other seaman he 
had before observed. His dress was neat, 
clean, and rich, yet that of a full-blooded 
seamen from " stem to stern ;" what a brother 
tar would have styled his " full go-ashores." 

The missionary observing a small book 
ready to drop from his jacket pocket, in- 
formed him of it. He thanked the mission- 
ary, took it in his hand and said, " Sir, that 
little bo^k has been the means, I hope, of 
saving my precious soul ; and that sainted 
aunt, pointing to the corpse, was she who 
gave it me. O ! sir, if you do not know nor 
love the blessed Saviour, do let me lend it 
you. It has been a blessing to my soul ; 
and, I hope, to the souls of other seamen, to 
whom I have read it or given it in loan. Do, 
sir, accept a reading of it ; it may do you 

good forever. My name is , on board 

the ship ; you can return it me when 

you have read it." The missionary took it 
in his hand, but what was his surprise when 
he found it his own " Advices" to the chil- 
dren of his former Sabbath School. He 
handed it back, informing the sailor that he 
had already seen it. 



As soon as the company moved off to the 
grave, the missionary stepped up to him and 
said, "Excuse, my friend, the freedom I 
take ; I hope that I too love the Saviour, and 
should, therefore, feel exceedingly gratified 
by hearing a little of your history before and 
since you possessed that little book." 

"That little book" he carried witli him to sea, read 
it, was reformed by it, and thus describes its effect on 
his shipmates. 

Then I could open my mouth for God. — 
The fear of man was removed from me ; yea, 
the " reproach of Christ" I esteemed an 
honor. I pitied my shipmates, and, being 
delivered from their fear, no longer shunned 
to declare to them their guilt and danger, as 
sir.r.ers against God, though for my pains 
they reproached and jeered me. But I lov- 
ed their souls, and prayed and longed to see 
them penitent at the Saviour's feet. I was 
now neither ashamed nor afraid to confess 
the change, which, by the grace of God, was 
effected on my mind. I therefore no more 
stowed myself away to read and pray unob- 
served, but sitting on the lid of my chest, I 
read the little book, and before turning in to 
rest, knelt down and prayed aloud for myself 
and them, as I then could. They were bro- 
ken prayers, sir, but sincere. This I began 
at the first to do, and this I have continued 
doing, and by God helping me, this I purpose 
to do as long as I live. But O ! sir, could 
you have but listened to and witnessed the 
scenes which attended my first attempts to 
pray, how you would have felt ! They would 
laugh, groan, sing, curse and swear; jump, 
thump, and make all kinds of sounds and 
noises that my words might not be heard. — 
These acts of impiety did not, however, long 
continue, but gradually died away. Convic- 
tion of sin began to fasten upon the minds 
of some, and they, with others, listened from 
day to day with attention and interest to what 
was read, and knelt in prayer at the mercy- 
seat ; and before we reached our destined 
port, one and another of them frequently 
came desiring that I would pray with and for 
them. And, sir, if I may judge by all that 
they felt, by all that they did, and still do, I 
have reason to believe that this " little book" 
was likewise blessed to the conversion of 
several of my shipmates. 

How much good may not other Christian ladies do, 
who follow the example of the sailor's aunt ! 



The Sailor's Appeal. 

Oh ! woman! when the sailor's cry 
Comes booming o'er the lonesome wave, 

When worn and stiff he sinks to die, 
Where no kind hand is neat to save : 



Wilt thou not lift to God the prayer 
Which mercy hears from souls forgiven ? 

Wilt thou not summon Faith to bear 
The sailor's sinking soul to heaven ? 



Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 

From the Dayspring. 

A Missionary Ship. 

THE GOOD CHILDREN. 

In 1839, the London Missionary Society 
purchased a vessel, and sent it to the South 
Pacific, to assist the missionaries. The mar- 
tyred Williams sailed in her, with other la- 
borers destined to the same field. She re- 
turned to England last year, and it was 
thought very important to obtain a new and 
larger vessel. " But how can the necessary 
sum be raised 1" As the Society was burden- 
ed with a heavy debt, and it waS not easy to 
answer this question. Can the little readers 
of the Dayspring guess how this money was 
collected ? 

The Directors of the Society made an ap- 
peal to children; and now they have receiv- 
ed thirty thousand dollars, enough to buy a 
good ship, and send her to sea all ready for 
her work. She was to sail from England the 
first of June ; perhaps it will be on the very 
day that you will get the Dayspring for-June. 
This shows how much children can accom- 
plish in a good cause. Thirty thousand dol- 
lars ! All contributed by children ! 

It has been delightful to see how much in- 
terest they have taken in raising this money. 
Two little boys, who had half-a-crown each, 
and another who had a shilling, were deter- 
mined to give their little all towards buying 
the Missionary Ship. One was told that he 
had better give part to the ship, and part for 
something else. But he replied, " I am glad 
I have so much to give ; perhaps I may have 
more money when there is something else so 
well worth giving to." The younger brother 
said, " I will give my half-crown too." The 
other little boy, not knowing what the others 
would do, said, " O what a good thing it is 
my aunt has given me a shilling for a Christ- 
mas box ; I will give that and my penny too." 
He was asked whether it would not be better 
for him to reserve sixpence to spend in the 
holidays. He replied, " No, for I should 
only spend it about some trifle that would 
not do me much good ; and I love to do as 
much as I can to buy the dear missionaries 
a shin to travel over the great waters, that 
they may preach the gospel to the poor hea- 
then." A little girl, extremely poor, whose 
parents had had no work for some time, came, 
and said, " Teacher, here's a penny for the 
Missionary Ship." On being told that she 
was too poor to give it, she replied, " I have 
earned it myself." 

What an encouragement the history of 
this Missionary Ship should be to all good 
children. By putting their pence, and shil- 
lings, and dollars together, they can raise a 
great sum for the poor heathen ! 



94 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



SHEET ANOHOR, 




BOSTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 15,1844. 



)3-The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Boston Seamen's Friend Society. 

The sixteenth anniversary of this Society, 
attended by a large and crowded audience, 
and deeply interesting from the beginning to 
the close of the exercises, was held in Park 
Street church, Wednesday, May 29, at ten 
o'clock, A. M., Samuel Means, Esq., one of 
the Vice Presidents, in the chair. Rev. Mr. 
Sweetser, of Worcester, opened the meet- 
ing with prayer, and Rev. D. M. Lord, the 
Society's Secretary, and one of the seamen's 
preachers, in this city, read the Report. 

The facts in the Report are of a cheering 
character. Several seamen have been con- 
verted. They have especially exhibited the 
influence of a pious mother's love. 

The Monthly Concert for seamen, at the 
mariner's church, Purchase Street, has been 
kept up with unabated interest. The Sab. 
bath School and Bible Classes are prosper- 
ous. More persons are instructed in this 
way during the year than belong to some en- 
tire congregations. 

Bibles, religious books and tracts have 
been well distributed. The Suffolk Bank of 
Savings for seamen, on Treinont Street, has 
proved a great blessing to our brethren of the 
deep. The present capital is $400,000. 

The Sailor's Home, in Purchase Street, 
has been successful. During the last year, 
<>80 boarders were received, and of these, 22 
were shipwrecked boys, without father or 
mother, or any person on earth to provide 
for them. They received in all 71 weeks 
gratuitous board, and were furnished on their 
departure, with clothing, and other means of 
comfort. The Home has its morning and 
evening prayers, and its weekly prayer meet- 
ings ; and thus have hundreds been brought 
under the influence of religion. 

But a larger and better house is needed. 
Circulars have been sent out to 400 churches 
asking aid for its erection : yet few have ren- 
dered it. The managers are resolved to per- 
severe, if possible, until the thing is done. 
At least $10,000 more are needed. It is 



proposed to release Mr. Lord from his la- 
bors here for a season, and send him out to 
raise funds for this object. 

The receipts of the Society the past year 
have fallen several hundred dollars below the 
expenses. 

Rev. J. C. Webster, of Hopkinton, Ms., 
formerly seamen's chaplain at Cronstadt, 
moved the acceptance of the Report in a 
short but excellent speech. The greatness 
of the seamen's cause — the importance of 
consecrating marine talent to God — the perils 
of the sailor — the sacrifices he had himself 
made in the work — were forcibly exhibited 
by Mr. Webster. We wish our sea-faring 
friends had more such advocates. 

The resolution was seconded by Rev. J. 
C. Woodbridge, of Boston. Capt. Elliott, 
of Brooklyn, N. Y., followed with a true 
sailor's speech. It was every word of it to 
the point, and told powerfully on the audi- 
ence. His Christian experience was related 
in a manner that moved every heart. May 
Heaven preserve and bless his life ! 

W. B. Reynolds, Esq., Rev. Mr. Saw- 
tell, late of Havre, and Rev. Dr. Parker, 
of Philadelphia, spoke with great success. 
Their appeals, their facts, arguments and en- 
treaties we trust will never be forgotten. 

The following truly beautiful Hymn was 
composed for the occasion by our friend, Mr. 
Tappan. We think it one of his best : 

THE CHURCH AT SEA. 
Br Rev. W. B. Tappan. 

Few mercy drops to-day are ours, 

In tears acknowedge we ; 
No cloud comes up surcharged with showers ; 

The Church has gone to sea. 
Her radiant presence not alone, 

Engrossing lind may keep j 
With morning's wing the Duve has flown, 

Behold her on the deep ! 

Religion, that had sown our soil 

With pearls of dazzling light, 
Turns from her unrequited toil, 

And leaves us to the night. 
Met coldly here — the glorious form 

To weary Oc:ean flies, — 
And points, beyond its frequent storm, 

To quiet in the skies. 

The airs that sing among the shrouds 

Are her inviting bell ; 
The voices of the warring clouds 

Her diapason swell. 
No wealthy Virtues crowd her gates, 

Nor Pomp, confessing sins ; 
But mercy for the Sailor waits, 

And Love the Sailor wins. 

'Tis well she there uplifts her dome, 

And her foundation dips 
In floods — her Lord, who had no home, 

Taught often from the ships ; 
To show us that his gospel free 

As winds and waves should go, 
To all of poor and rich degree, 

The mighty and the low. 

And that Salvation's blessed St»r 

Its mellow light may fling, 
As well on him astride the spar, 

As on the sworded king j 



And tribute from the watery world 

The Son of God must draw. — 
Its ships display his Cross unfurled, 

Its isles receive his law. 

Throughout the whole meeting the deepest 
feeling of interest was manifest. We can- 
not but regard it as an indication of a grow- 
ing regard for the cause of the noble sailor. 



Distribution Committee. 

The following gentlemen have consented 
to act as a Committee in the work of dis- 
tributing the "Sheet Anchor" gratuitously 
among seamen : 

Rev. CHARLES W. DENISON, Sheet Anchor Office. 

MOSES GRANT, Esq., Cambridge Street. 

Rev. SETH BLISS, Tract Depository, Cotnhill. 
" W. B. TAPPAN, American S. S. Union Deposi- 
tory, Cornhill. 

BENJAMIN ABRAMAMS, Esq., Atkins' Wharf. 

Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 
of Hanover and Prince Streets, Boston. 

Funds for this object are respectfully solic- 
ited. Capt. T. V. Sullivan, General Agent, 
is duly authorized to make collections. 



Steam Boat Disasters By Warren 

Lazell, Worcester. This is a book of real 
merit, containing true accounts of recent 
shipwrecks, fires at sea, &c. We commend 
it most cordially to our readers, as one of 
the best works of the kind in circulation. 

We shall allude to it again, and make ex- 
tracts from its pages. Copies may be ob- 
tained in Boston, at Reynolds', 20 Cornhill. 

IIj'The suggestions in the following article are well 
worthy the attention of our readers. — Ed. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Morals and Religion among Whalemen . 

Extracts from a letter written by a sailor on board a 
whale ship, to a seamen's chaplain in this country, 
dated 

AT SEA, PACIFIC OCEAN, 1843. 

Our captain was a pious Friend; our third 
mate also was a pious young man ; with these 
exceptions, our crew was made up, like most 
crews of whale ships,' of every kind of char- 
acter ; and for a short time out, we had the 
usual quantity of swearing, &,c. But all 
hands were soon given to understand, in the 
first place, that the captain did not like any 
immorality ; and as this did not produce the 
desired effect, they were told it was very dis- 
agreeble to him, and he would not have it 
on board his ship. As officers and all were 
included in this prohibition, in a few months 
swearing was nearly done. 

Next came Temperance ; and although 
the devil growled badly, God helped the right 
side, and all but about three have signed a 
real, true Washingtonian pledge. In con- 
nection with intemperance, licentiousness 
was also discussed, and its suppresion power- 
fully urged, with the happiest results. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



95 



It follows, of course, that men neither in- 
temperate or licentious, will not spend so 
much of their money as others, and this is 
one of the happy results of a decidedly moral 
commander. But the most important effect 
has been that it has placed us in a situation 
to receive religious instruction by means of 
religious books and papers ; and God saw fit 
to impress upon the hearts of some of us the 
great truths of the gospel in such a manner, 
that we were constrained to seek for salva- 
tion through Jesus Christ. Nine have pro- 
fessed to take Christ as their Master and por- 
tion, and there are others that I think have 
serious feelings. For five months past we have 
held prayer meetings on board, at first in the 
steerage, and none came but those who were 
serious ; then the captain gave us permission, 
or rather invited us into the cabin on Sabbath 
evenings, which is generally well filled. 

All being gathered in silence, and a suffi- 
cient time given to withdraw attention from 
worldly matters : a chapter or more is read 
in the Bible, and this answers for the opening 
exercise instead of singing. Then all are at 
liberty to speak, or pray, or attend to any duty 
they may have to do for God until eight bills * 
when we retire to our respective places on 
deck, or go below, as the case may be. 

Zkbulok. 

'Eight o'clock, P. M., the time of setting the night 
watches. 



THE LOCKER. 

A ptacc on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 
NAVAL. 

Captain Edward R. Shnbrick. 

The untimely death of this gallant officer on 
his passage from Rio Janeiro to Cadiz, in March 
last, has already been mentioned in the public 
prints. The following proceedings show the es- 
timation in which he was held by the officers of 
the gallant frigate Columbia, commanded by him 
at the time of his decease. 
[copt.] 
u. s. frigate " columbia," -j 

At Sea, March 15, 1844, C 
Lat. 27° 18' N., Long. 37" 17' W. ) 

At a meeting of the officers held this day, in 
the cabin, for the purpose of paying a tribute of 
respect to the memory of their late lamented 
Captain, Edward It. Shubrick, Lieut. J. R. 
Golds borouoh was called to the chair; and on 
motion, Lieut. Green, Dr. Addison, Mr. Hare, 
and Mr. Allen, were appointed a committee to 
report such resolutions as the melancholy occa- 
sion demanded ; and in a short time the follow- 
ing were introduced and unanimously adopted : 

R'solvcd, Th it we deeply lament Ihfl death of Onpt. Edward 
K. Smcbrick, whuse high moral and intellectual qualities, unit- 
ed with a rematknblv amiable disposition, gained for him tlie 
taapoct and love of nil under his command, and by this tnclnn- 
eholv event, the country lias been deprived of a high toned gen- 
tleman, and a brave and gallant defender, and the Navy of one 
of its most aide and accomplished officers. 

Resolved, That not only in his charaeter as an officer, hut in 
that of a warm, single-hearted and generous friend, his memory 
will be cheri-hed by us with feelings of tiie deepest attachment 
sad regard. 



Resolved, That wn, the officers, of the U. S. frigate " Colum- 
bia," who knew him so well, and were associated with him so 
long, feel called upon in a peculiar manner, to deplore his un- 
timely end. 

Resolved, That in this alllicting dispensation of Providence, 
we truly sympathise with his bereaved family, and commend 
them, tor consolation, to that Being, who ulone cun " temper the 
wind to the shorn lamb " 

Resolved, That as a token of our sorrow, and high respect wo 
entertain for the memory of the deceased, we wear crape on tho 
left arm, and sword hilts, for ninety days. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions bo communicated 
to the widow of the late Captain Edward It. Shudrick— to the 
Editors ol the " Army and Navy Chronicle," and the "Charles- 
ton Courier," with a request to the latter to publish the same, 
in their respective Journals 

J. R. GOLUSBOROUCH, 
Lt. commanding U. S. frigate " Columbia," Chairman. 
P. R. Addison, Assistunt Surgeon, Secretary, 

P. Caraeales, Chaplain ; Solomon Sharp, Surgeon ; J. 
A. Bates, Purser ; C. H. Stevens ; J. T. Bartlett, Mid- 
shipman ; H. N. Crabb, do. ; Arthur S. Otis, do. ; A. A. 
Peterson, do.; James Ferguson, S.tilmaker; Jonathan 
M. Ballard, Master's Mate ; Wm. R. Chisole, do. ; J. 
T. Green, Lieut. ; Samuel Larkin, do. •, Charles Cuillen 
Barton, do. ; Theo. B. Barrett, do. ; Henry L. Chipman, 
do.: Kdward F. Beale, do. ; J. Zeilin, I.ieut. Marines; 
M. Yarnall. Prof of Mathcmathics ; W. King Bridge, 
Acting Master. Midshipmen Jas. S. Thornton, John T. 
Walker, J. Van Ness Philip, T. Branford Shubrick, D. 
A. McDermut, John Gale, F. G. Dallas, N. H. Vanzandt, 
G. H. Hare, Alfred Bailey, Syl. J. Bliss, J. H Nones.— 
V.R.Hall, Boatswain; Samuel Allen, Gunner ; Charles 
Budman, Carpenter. 

(XT* Silliman's Journal notices, as one of the 
greatest curiosities in New England, the "Float- 
ing Island" at Oldtown, near the Rev. Mr. With- 
ington's church. 



Imports of Sperm and Whale 
bone, into the United States, for 
ing June 3: 



Oil, and IVhale- 
the week end- 



New Bedford. 


Sperm. 


Whale. 


Bone. 


Ship Julian, 


3000 


250 


27,000 


" New Bedford, 


1850 






" Majestic, 


350 


2650 


2,400 


" Sally Ann, 


100 


1600 


12,800 


Bark Mil wood, 


150 


1650 


12,000 


Mattapoisett, 








Brig Mattapoisett, 


50 


70 




JVestport. 








Bart President, 


230 


120 




Sag Harbor. 








Ship Hamilton, 


350 


2050 


18,000 


JYew London. 








Bark Commodore Perry, 




1800 


14,400 


Stoninglon. 








Bark United States, 


110 


1800 




New York. 








Ship William and Eliza, 


800 


682 


31,643 



Quite a Fleet. — The Portland Advertiser of 
the 30th ult., says : 257 vessels were seen in the 
offing yesterday morning, from the Observatory, 
bound out east and west, having been detained 
in our harbor for several days by head winds and 
foggy weather. 

Oy* Bad books are like piratical craft, sailing 
under false colors in every sea, and delighting in 
the wreck and conquest of every thing precious. 

A Slaver Taken. — We noticed a few days 
ago the fact that the crew of the British brig 
Alert had been beaten off by a slaver, under 
American colors. It seems that the U. S. brig 
Purpose has come across the vessel and has her 
in churge. 



Propeller Eudora. — This beautiful boat is 
rigged with three masts, and is about 200 tons 
burthen. She made her passage from Providence 
to Newport in two hours, about the average run of 
the King Philip. The Eudora was built in New 
York, and is intended to ply between Fall River 
and that city. She has handsomely furnished 
accommodations for passengers, and is command- 
ed by Cajit. Wm. Brown, of Fall River, well 
known as a competent pilot and a gentleman in 
every sense of the word. 

Quickest trip ever made on the Mississippi. — 
The J. M. White reached this port yesterday, 
says the St. Louis Democrat of May i)th, from 
New Orleans, before 5 P. M., in 3 days 23 hours 
and 9 minutes, from wharf to wharf. 

Navigating the Yellow Stone. — The American 
Fur Company have built an elegant steamboat, of 
light draught of water, and sent her up the Yel- 
low Stone with supplies for their Rocky Moun- 
tain traders. It is expected she will be able to 
ascend the river two or three thousand miles 
above St. Louis. 

fj^r*The Fltino Fish, a 12 gun brig, which 
was launched at Pembroke, Eng., a short time 
since, is one of those vessels ordered by the Ad- 
miralty, for the purpose of ascertaining the qual- 
ifications of different models. The competitors 
are Sir W. Symonds, Mr. Blake, the Students of 
Naval Architecture, Mr. Lang, and Mr. White, 
the celebrated builder at Cowes. They are to 
form an experimental squadron, and to be ready 
fur trial early in the summer. 

INFORMATION WANTED 
Of JAMES YORK, of Exeter, N. H., 31 years of age, 
light complexion and hair, blue eyes, medium stature, 
by trade a stone cutter; went to sea in a whale ship from 
New Bedford, in 1330. Address Mrs. Mart York, 
Exeter, N. H. 

Alto, of JOSEPH LOCK SHAW, of the same place, 
32 years of nge, light complexion and hair,, blue eyc», 
medium stature, and by trade a currier ; went to sea in a 
whale ship, in December, 1832. Address Mrs. Saf.au 
Shaw, Exeter, N. H. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 
Information has been- received from the Consul at Na- 
ples, that the Military Mole, in that harbor, has been 
prolonged so fir that its foundations cross the direct line 
which vessels have been in the habit of taking from the 
great entrance (hocca grande.) of Capri, to the Light- 
house on the Mole ; and they should be careful to avoid 
the new obstacle thus created. 

DISASTERS AT SEA. 

The schooner Clara Fisher, at Holmes' Hole, fell in, 
with, Feb. 12, lat. 32° 31'. loag. S0° 30'. Ihe wreck of a 
herm. brig, with both tmsts gone, and full of water ; 
decks painted yellow, one white streak; made out tie- 
first live letters of her name to-be CASMA. 

Bark Pembroke, of New London, spoken Feb. l.hnd 
lost Allen Pendleton, of New London. He fell from 
aloft, striking the rail of the vessel and thence into the 
sen. and was drowned. 

Thonws iVoyes, son of Capt. Noyes, of L. I-, one of 
the crew of the Union Line packet ship Charleston, 17 :! 
overboard from a vessel when off Cape Fear, on. the 16th 
ult . ajtd was drowned. 

Vfsjel Bcrnt. — The schooner Industry, Capt Mnr- 
rison, of and for Halifax for New York, took fire ofijlyiv 
Head, on the 23lh ult., in the hold. The crew and pas- 
sengers lost every thing hut what they stood in, a: J 
were fortunate in reaching Ihe bark Sand Seuton. 



96 



SHEET ANCHOR. 




The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
put it asunder. 

At Edgecomb, Me., Mr. Beniah Hutchings to Miss 
Mary Burnham, of E. 

At St. Mary's Florida, Capt. Joseph Francis to Miss 
Susan Ellms. 

At St. Augustine, Flor. Mr. Joseph Bates, mate of 
schr. Banyan, to Miss Angeline S. Maktaixe. 




THE X.ASX VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead ; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 

In Newbury, after a short illness, Capt. George Dis- 
ney, aged 83 years. 

In Stockbridge, Capt. Roswei.i. Palmer, aged 79 
years ; he was one of the last survivors of the " Jersey 
Prison Ship." 

In New Brunswick, N. J., March 23, Abraham S. 
Ten Kick, Captain U. S. N. aged 58 years. 

At Mansannilla, Cuba, Mr. George O. Trask, of 
Beverly, aged 21 years. 

On board whale ship Elizabeth, of Salem, July, 1813, 
Ivory Hutchins, of Saco, Me., aged 18 years. 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rev. SILAS BAILEY. GEORGE L. COBURN. 
" DANIEL WISE. 




THE FLOATING CHURCH OF OUR SAVIOUR, FOR SEAMEN 

PERMANENTLY MOORED AT THE TOOT OK HEX STREET, CTTT OP NEW-YORK. 

Built on a deck of 76 by 36 feet, covering two boats of 80 tons each, and 10 feet apart, being 
70 feet long and 30 wide. The exterior and interior are both Gothic. It is kept afloat nenr the 
wharf, at the foot of Pike Street, is easily entered, and protected from vessels by large chained lo^rs. 
Sittings are provided for 500 persons. The pastor, Rev. B. C. C. Parker, is a gentleman well cal- 
culated for his important post. 



Institutions for Seamen in the United States. 

Saving's Banks for Seamen.— New York. No. 
71, Wall Street. Open every day (Sundays excepted,) 
between 12 and 2 o'clock. 

Portland. South corner of the Mariner's Church, 
(up stairs.) 

Boston. Tremont Street. Open daily, (Sundays ex- 
cepted,) from 10 to 2 o'clock. 

./Veto Haven. In the building of the N. Haven Bank. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street; Rev. Henry Chase, 186 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. R. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. G. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev.G. W. Bourne, Fore Street, near Ex- 
change Street. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord; Bethel Church, North Square, Rev.E.T. Taylor. 
" Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Chaplain, Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. E. Mudge. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark, N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev 
O. Douglass. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Philpot St., Rev. H. BeBt. 

Alexandria, D. C. The resident Clergy. 

Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev. 
W. R. Vates. 

Savannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White. 

NewOrleans. No. 14, Levee Street. 



Buffalo. Rev. V.D.Taylor. 
Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 
Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 
Osioego. Rev. F. Pierce. 
Rockells, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 

GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-HOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead. 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, Ly R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kepi by J. QutN, Jr., No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. 
David Chaffin,77A Commercial Street. 
Temperance Cellar, "kept by Luthek Hosmer, No. 
51 North Market Street. 

Salem. Ebenezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mrs. 
Greenlenf, Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland, Me. — Seamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, nenr the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 
New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 
Capt. Roland Gelslon, No. 320, Pearl Street. 
Other Boarding-Houses in New York City. John 
McLellan,154 Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St.; Thomas J. Watkins. G7 Cherry Street. 
Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, 61 Cherry Street. 

Providence, R. J. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. Capt. Hamilton, 23 Queen Streel. 
Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets. Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home, (Eastburn House. )No. 
10, Lombardy Street, near Front Street. Sain'l Room, 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Society. 
Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts., by Wm. Hammond, under thecareol the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street, 
Capt. Halcolm. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street. Fell's Point. 
Alexandria, D. C. Sailor's Home, by John Robinson. 

Boarding; for American Mates in Havre , France . Mrs. 
Phene and Son, No 20, Quai Lombardie ; Mrs. Latham, 
No. 44, Quai Lamblardie. 

A Temperance Boarding-House for Seamen and oth- 
ers, is kept by Thomas Goodman, No. 20, Great Howard 
Street, Liverpool. 



PORTABLE WRITING DESKS. 

IJOSE-WOOD and MAHOGANY DESKS, large sizes, 
"■ plain, brass mounted and strapped, of extra strength, 
and particularly designed for Shipmasters and Sea use. 

Also, Rose-wood and Mahogany Desks, of 12. 14, 
16, and 18 inches in length, plain and inlaid, for Ladies 
or Gentlemen's use, comprising at all times, the largest 
and best assortment in the city. 

Also, leather covered Nepi.us Desks, or Portman- 
teau ; Roll up and Portfolio Writing Cases, for trav- 
elling purposes; Dressing Cases; Pocket Books 
and Wallets; Tablets and Memorandum Books; 
Marsh's Manifold Letter Writers; Statione- 
ry ; School and Blank Books, of every description, 
comprising almost every variely of articles in the line — 
at wholesale or retail, at the lowest prices. 

O* Shipmasters. Seamen, and all others, in want, are 
respectfully invited to call at MARSH'S Paper and 
Stationery Warehouse, No. 77 Washington Street, Joy's 
Building. 3,„ May 18. 




IAMES FREDERICK FOSTER continues to 
" manufacture all the various approved TRUSSES at 
his old Stand, No. 305, Washington Street, opposite 
No. 264, entrance in Temple Avenue, (up stairs.) 

A Iso, Dr. Ch a pin's Supporters, for Prolapsus Uteri ; 
Trusses, for Prolapsus Ani ; Suspensory Bags, Knee 
Caps, Back Boards, Steeled Shoes, for deformed 
feet. Trusses repaired at one hour's notice, and made 
to answer, oftentimes, as well as new. The Subscriber 
having worn a Truss himself 25 years, and fitted so many 
for the list ten years, feels confident in being able to 
suit all cases that may come to him. 

Dr. Fletcher's Truss, and Marsh's Truss, Dr. Hulls 
Truss, and Thompson's Ratchett Truss, and the Sha- 
ker's Rocking Trusses, may be had at this Establish- 
ment. Whispering Tubes and Ear Trumpets that will 
enable a person to converse low with one that is hard 
of hearing. 

O" AH Ladies in want of Dr. Chapin's Supporters, or 
Trusses, will he waited upon by his wife, Mrs. Caro' 
line D. Foster, who has had ten years experience i 
the business. JAMES F. FOSTER. 

May 4. 



vaunnaKb 

IN ITS PLAIN AND FANCY VARIETY, 

neatly executed at the 

SHEET ANCHOR OFFICE. 



C /^trrH^^ 




" Which hope we have 



as an anchor of the soul." 



JONj 


ITHAN 


HOWE, 










: REV. 


CHARLES W. 


DENISON, 


EDI1 











.... 






Vol. 


2. 




BOSTON, 


SATURDAY, 


JULY 


6, 


1844. 






No. 


13. 



SHUT AHCHOR. 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS ROW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the caose of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANE 

to HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

OSE DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
same proportion for larger numbers. 



AGENTS. 
SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: > 

KEEPERS OF SAILORS' HOMES. ) 

55" See list of names on last page 



THE ^T@1Y. 

"Wonders in the deep." 



SEE LAST PAGE. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

A Sabbath Day upon the Deep. 

BY W. R. B. 

Who has not felt and admired the loveli- 
ness of a summer Sabbath in the country, 
when every thing seems slumbering in the 
calm quiet of " immortal beauty," and all 
nature assumes its best attire ? The gentle 
breeze, sighing through fragrant foliace, 
alive with the warblings of feathered song- 
sters. The air, loaded with delicious odors, 
from verdant meadows and blooming gar- 
dens. The cattle leisurely browsing upon 
the. hill-side, or seeking the cool shade of 
overspreading branches, are stretched upon 
the sward in the enjoyment of their only day 
of rest. Who has not felt and acknowl- 
edged the influence of such a day? But a 
Sabbath upon the deep — alone, upon mid 
ocean, thousands of miles from the sound of 
the church-going bell, has charms and influ- 
ences far above a day of rest on shore. 

I never shall forget the Sabbath that we 
were becalmed off the Western Islands. It 
was animated nature's grand gala-day ; and 
though no array of vine-clad hills, or team- 
ing meadows, met the gaze, still there was 
the immensity, the grandeur, the magnifi- 
cence of the gently heaving, ever undulating 
bosom of the fathomless sea, sparklinc with 
frolic ripples, dancing in the brilliant rays of 
the Sabbath sun — all alive with its vast 



number of inhabitants, from the tiny, fairy- 
craft of the graceful nautilus, just fanning 
along before the imperceptible airs, to the 
huge and ponderous leviathan, sending on 
high, in crimson or silver jets, his humble 
tribute of adoration — dolphins, porpoises, ai- 
bacores, bonnettas, and representatives from 
most all species of the finny tribe, who had 
come up to spout and gambol upon the sur- 
face of the water, as if in obeisance to the 
great Power that appointed the observance 
of a day of rest. The air afloat with land 
birds of different song and plumage, whom 
the loveliness of the day had allured so far 
from shore, and the atmosphere savoring of 
something agreeable, which tells that Corvo 
and Flores, whose outlines are perceptible in 
the Southern horizon, are not so distant as 
the deceitful expanse of water would indi- 
cate. If one admires nature as seen on a 
summer's day on shore, what would be the 
feelings of admiration and adoration awa- 
kened in the enjoyment of such a day as this 
upon the deep ; and though the privileges 
of the sanctuary are denied us, yet we find 
much to lead us to wonder and adore in 
what is spread above us and around us on 
this Sabbath day upon the deep. 

The noble ship herself, seems to acknowl- 
edge the propriety of the day ; and, re- 
strained in her homeward flight, rolls list- 
lessly upon the sleeping surface, impatiently 
shaking her idly flapping wings, as she 
yields to the graceful heavings of the sea, 
like a restrained courser, eager to flee, yet 
acknowledging the supremacy of the power 
that holds him in check. The men, also, 
are restrained from labor, and appear on 
deck, " watch and watch," neatly clad in 
their blue jackets, checked shirts, and duck 
pants, a carelessly knotted black silk 'ker- 
chief, and a white bleached cinnet hat, with 
the indispensable fathom of black ribbon 
hanging over the left eye — some with their 
books — some with the " Sheet Anchor" or 
" Sailors' Magazine," seated on the windlass 
ends, intently reading, or, in admiration, lean- 
ing over the bows, drinking in the beauties of 
this most lovely Sabbath day upon the deep. 



Touching Sea Scene. 

Dr. Parker, in his interesting book, " In- 
vitations to True Happiness," gives a beau- 
tiful illustration of fervent gratitude for 
Divine forbearance, so justly due from the 
hearts of all men, yet felt by comparatively 
so few who are permitted to live on by its 
exercise, year after year in impenitence. 

During a sea voyage, a few years since, I 
was conversing with the mate of the vessel 
pn this topic, when he concurred in the view 
presented, and observed that it called to mind 
one of the most thrilling scenes he had ever 
beheld. With this he related the following 
story : 

" 1 was at sea, on the broau Atlantic, as 
we now are. It was just such a bright, 
moonlight night as this, and the sea was 
quite as rough. The captain had turned in, 
and I was upon watch, when suddenly there 
was a cry of ' a man overboard.' To go out 
in a boat was exceedingly dangerous. I 
could hardly make up my mind to command 
the hands to expose themselves. I volun- 
teered to go myself, if two more would ac- 
company me. Two generous fellows came 
forward, and in a moment the boat was low- 
ered, and we were tossed upon a most fright- 
ful sea. 

" As we rose upon a mountain wave, we 
discovered the man upon a distant billow. 
We heard his cry, and responded, ' Coming.' 
As we descended into the trough of the sea, 
we lost sight of the man, and heard nothing 
but the roar of the ocean. As we rose on 
the wave, we again saw him, and distinctly 
heard his call. We gave him another word 
of encouragement, and pulled with all our 
strength. At the top of each successive 
wave, we saw and heard him, and our hearts 
were filled with encouragement. As often 
in the trough of the sea we almost abandon- 
ed the hope of success. The time seemed 
long, and the struggle was such as men never 
made, but for life. We reached him just as 
he was ready to sink with exhaustion. When 
we had drawn him into the boat, he was help- 
less and speechless. Our minds now turned 



98 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



to the ship. She had rounded to. But ex- 
hausted as we were, the distance between us 
and the vessel was frightful. One false 
movement would have filled our boat, and 
consigned us all to a watery grave. Yet we 
reached the vessel, and were drawn safely 
upon the deck. We were all exhausted, but 
the rescued man could neither speak nor 
walk ; yet he had a full sense of his condi- 
tion. He clasped our feet, and began to kiss 
them. We disengaged ourselves from his 
embrace. He then crawled after us, and as 
we stepped back to avoid him, he followed 
us, looking up at one moment with smiles 
and tears, and then patting our wet foot-prints 
with his hand, he kissed them with an eager 
fondness. I never witnessed such a scene 
in my life. I suppose if he had been our 
greatest enemy, he would have been perfectly 
subdued by our kindness. The man was a 
passenger. During the whole remaining 
part of the voyage, he showed the deepest 
gratitude, and when we reached port he load- 
ed us with presents." 

But, my friend, Christ has seen you expos- 
ed to a more fearful peril, and has made an 
infinitely greater sacrifice' for your rescue.— 
He saw you sinking yi the billows of eternal 
death. He did not merely venture into ex- 
treme danger to save you ; he has actually 
suffered for you the most cruel death. Yet 
you have never embraced his feet, nor given 
any proper testimony of gratitude. What 
estimate ought you to place upon your de- 
pravity, when such goodness has for so long 
a time failed to subdue it ? 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



The Drunken Sea. 

(ELECTED AKU ADAPTED FOR THE SHEET ANCHOR. 

It is supposed, by all temperate drinkers, 
and such as are not genuine teetotallers, that 
nothing can exceed the beauty of the Drunk- 
en Sea, from the beach of Port Sobriety, in 
the State of Soberland, where you take ship- 
ping as far as Point Just Enough. Whether 
this supposition be correct or otherwise, the 
following extracts from the Log Book of an 
eld and experienced navigator, will help to 
determine. 

" The current of the Drunken Sea is 
always towards Point Just Enough, and the 
passage is so smooth and easy that it not un- 
frequently happens that the voyager finds 
himself close upon the Point almost before 
he is aware that he has left Soberland. 

" The voyage is usually performed in boats 
made out of cider casks or beer barrels, wine 
pipes or spirit puncheons. It is astonishing 
what excellent sailing-boats these vessels 
make. Those which are used by the rich 



are much more elegant, easy and commodi- 
ous, although perhaps, not faster sailers than 
those which are used by the poor. Notwith- 
standing the expense which is necessarily at- 
tendant upon sailing on the Drunken Sea, 
the number of persons, rich and poor, who 
sail upon it, exceeds all calculation; the 
rich paying the expense out of their super- 
fluities, the poor out of their necessaries. 

" The voyage to Point Just Enough be- 
comes more and more agreeable, the nearer 
you approach the Point. The air becomes 
still more delicious, and a corresponding 
change takes place in the passengers them- 
selves ; their pulse beats quicker and stronger 
— their breath acquires a peculiar odor, not 
unlike that of the sea upon which they sail ; 
their eyes become brighter and softer, and 
sometimes even seem to sparkle ; they feel 
increased strength, and courage, and readi- 
ness for action for a short time; their ideas 
succeed each other with greater rapidity and 
vivacity, and are a little less obedient to the 
will : they become less serious, less disposed 
to deliberate, less inclined to prayer, or any 
other solemn religious duty, less scrupulous 
about right and wrong, more inclined to 
quarrel. 

"All the voyagers to Point Just Enough, 
agree in the account which they give of their 
passage across Pleasant Bay, and of the 
agreeable sensations experienced on ap- 
proaching the Point; but they disagree very 
much in their statements respecting the 
Point itself. Some say that it lies farther 
off, others that it is near ; some that it lies 
more to the north, others to the east. These 
conflicting statements may perhaps be recon- 
ciled on the supposition that Point Just 
Enough is situated on a floating island which 
shifts its position from time to time. Indeed, 
many sober people have said that it might 
with more propriety have been called Point 
No Point. However this may be, the visit- 
ers to Point Just Enough all agree in stating 
that it is quite impossible to come to anchor 
near it, the water being so deep that no an- 
chor will take ground. 

" For these reasons all skillful sailors, the 
moment they arrive at Point Just Enough, 
instead of vainly attempting to come to 
anchor or to land, tack about and steer back 
again, across Pleasant Bay for Port Sobriety ; 
thus avoiding the danger of being thrown 
upon Tipsy Island, lying no great distance 
to leeward. The voyage homeward from 
Point Just Enough is much less agreeable 
than the voyage outward ; the air loses its 
balminess, and the landscape its brilliant 
colors; the current and wind being against 
you, make it necessary to tack, and thus 
render the passage tedious. There are few 
who do not experience, as they return, some 
bad effect, which is succeeded by a strong 



desire for another trip to Point Just Enough. 
Pleasant Bay is therefore covered, from 
early morning until a late hour at night, with 
boats, conveying passengers of all ranks and 
descriptions to Point Just Enough and back 
again. The longitude and latitude of Point 
Just Enough never having been exactly as- 
certained, geographers have found it very 
difficult to assign the precise limits of Pleas- 
ant Bay. It is worthy of remark, that of the 
countless multitude who daily sail upon 
Pleasant Bay, there is not one who can be 
persuaded that it forms a part of the Drunk- 
en Sea. 

" As might be expected, many of those 
who leave the State of Soberland, with the 
intention of going no farther than Point Just 
Enough, do yet, when they arrive at that 
point, extend their voyage to Tipsy Island. 
Tipsy Island is said to have been discovered 
by Noah, a famous navigator, who planted 
grape vines upon it. It was afterwards sa- 
cred to Bacchus, whose temple is there. It 
has been visited by Alexander the Great, and 
other illustrious men of ancient and modern 
times, many of whose names are carved upon 
the barks of the vines and trees. Its daily 
visiters sometimes sing a song, two of the 
verses run thus: 



" The sea, the sea, the Drunken Sea, 
The blue, the fresh, the evci free, 
Without a mnrk, without a bound, 
Itiunneth the earth's wide region round. 
It playo with the soul, it mocks the skies, 
Or like a cradled monster lies. 

" I'm on the sea, the Drnnken Sea, 

I am where I would ever be, 

With heaven above and hell below, 

And ruin wheresoe'er 1 go, 

If a storm should come and awake the deep, 

What matter, what matter, I should ride and sleep ' 

" Over against Tipsy Island, on the main- 
land, and about a league beyond Point Just 
Enough, is the Port of Paphos. Many of the 
boats touch here as they return from the 
island. Malaria and delirium tremens are 
prevalent in this part. Off Tipsy Island, on 
the side farthest from Paphos, are three 
sunken rocks, called the Horrors. The vis- 
iters to Tipsy Island are frequently dashed 
on these rocks by an eddy or whirlpool which 
surrounds them; those that happen to fall in 
with a Washingtonian Life Boat, and stick 
to it, are finally saved. On the same side of 
Tipsy Island as the Horrors, but a little far- 
ther out in the Drunken Sea, are the Liver 
Sands. These are the more dangerous, be- 
cause the precise point where they begin or 
where they end, cannot be determined. 

" It is remarkable, that those who sail on 
the'Drunken Sea, in boats made of spirit 
puncheons, more frequently strike upon the 
Horrors, or run aground upon the Liver 
Sands, than those who sail in wine-pipes or 
beer-barrels. For some distance all around 
the Horrors, and on the Liver Sands, the sea 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



99 



is dark and rough, the winds loud and bois- 
terous, and the sky overcast with clouds, 
which not unfrequently overshadow a great 
part of Tipsy Island. When you pass this 
island, and advance farther into the Drunken 
Sea, the water becomes still darker and 
rougher, the winds still more loud and bois- 
terous, and the clouds which overspread the 
sky more black and lowering. Continuing 
to proceed, you enter into a dense fog, called 
Fatuous Fog, which reaches from the water 
quite to the clouds, and shuts in the view in 
every direction. Beyond Fatuous Fog, and 
forming the extreme limit of the Drunken 
Sea, there is a range of very high mountains, 
called the Dirk Mountain of No Hope. At 
the foot of these mountains the sea beats 
with inconceivable fury, throwing up, from 
time to time, human bones and fragments of 
wrecked and foundered vessels. Shipmates, 
let us see to it that we leave off totally all 
navigation of the alcoholic sea — remember- 
ing that Death and Hell are its only ports. 
Let us all stick to the " cold water craft," 
for it will carry us steady, sober, and safe, 
o'er life's tempestuous ocean ; and should we 
be so fortunate as to obtain berths on board 
of the good ship Zion — obey all the com- 
mands of our Master, and do our duty — we 
shall finally arrive in the delightful port of 



whose order the punishment is to be inflict- 
ed, with what justice can you punish me, jor 
a vice which T owe to your example ? " 

Southern Paper. 



heaven. 



Nautcler. 



Temperance among Officers. 

" It is obvious, that so far as example is 
concerned, little can be expected from any 
efforts to reform sailors in our public ships, 
unless the reformation begin with the officers. 
Though sailors are not supplied with spirits 
on board, yet they will contrive to obtain 
them whenever they go on shore ; and so long 
as they are so degraded in character as to be 
insensible to the degradation of drunkenness, 
no punishment, however severe, will deter 
them. Their ingenuity in concealment will 
far exceed that of their officers to detect 
them. They must therefore be reformed by 
example, in aid of prohibitions. After the 
government shall have done its duty by with- 
holding spirits, and thus cutting off one great 
source of mischief, the work must be aided 
by other modes of elevating the character of 
the sailor. Among these modes must be a 
discouragement of intemperance among offi- 
cers. How can a sailor be raised above the 
degredation of intemperance ? How can he 
be taught to regard it as unworthy of a ra- 
tional being, when he sees examples of it in 
those whom he is required by the laws both to 
respect and obey ? He might well question 
the justice of pronouncing that a degrading 
vice in himself, which was not considered as 
entailing any degradation upon his superiors ; 
and oftentimes, when going to be flogged for 
intoxication, he might say to the officer by 



Drawback on Spirits. 

A correspondent informs us that one efl'ect 
of abolishing the drawback on spirits distilled 
from molasses, and one which was not an- 
ticipated, is the exportation of Southern and 
Western Wldskcy in the place of New Eng- 
land Rum. Two vessels are now taking in 
whiskey at Salem for foreign ports, which, 
were it not for the act abolishing the draw- 
back, would take New England rum. 

We hope that the time will soon arrive 
when no merchant who has any respect for 
himself or regard for his fellow creatures, 
will allow his vessel to become the carrier of 
a commodity, which engenders so much mis- 
ery as ardent spirit. Indeed, it requires, at 
this time, a species of independence, of no 
enviable character, to engage in the traffic 
of ardent spirit, either at retail or wholesale. 
Boston Merc. Journal. 



THE HOflOL 

A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



The Sailor Reclaimed. 

To Mr. SAMUEL HOOM, Philadelphia. 

Respected Friend, — Permit me to ad- 
dress you in the fear and love of God. 1 
hope these few lines will be acceptable. — 
They find me enjoying spiritual and personal 
blessings. I hope they will find you and all 
your friends in the love of Christ, and serv- 
ing God. I left you at Philadelphia, bound 
to Salem, in the brig America, Capt. Tread- 
well. We arrived safe at Boston, and I have 
been one voyage to St. Domingo. I feel to 
praise the Lord for those tracts you gave me, 
they were very useful. I feel very grateful 
to you for them. The Lord is doing power- 
ful work all around us. I hope soon he will 
visit us, in truth and power. At New Bed- 
ford, Hartford, and Providence, there are 
great conversions ; and it appears to be a 
season of reformation. I want to feel more 
desire in my own heart. I want to be raised 
to a better sphere of usefulness. 

Please give my love to your wife, and my 
fellow shipmates, and all of your and their 
friends. Tell those who are in impenitence 
to flee to Christ, and seek their soul's salva- 
tion ; and those who profess to be the disci- 
ples of Christ, encourage them in duty. I 
trust you are on good terms with your Saviour: 
neglecting no duty, however small. Now I 
request the prayers of all God's people, that 
I may be faithful, and meet you all in heaven. 

From your beloved brother in the Lord, 

g. b. s. 



The Teetotaller Under Weigh ! 

Among a great variety or other interesting facts, Re». 
John Marsh, Secretary of the American Temperance 
Union, states the following: 

Four thousand seamen have, durino- the 
year, united with the New York Mariner's 
Society, 16,000 in the whole. In the port 
of Charleston, 1200 have, during the winter, 
signed the pledge. Among sailors on the 
lakes, and boatmen on the Erie canal, tem- 
perance is nearly triumphant. At Boston, 
about 1000 seamen and officers in the navy, 
have signed the pledge. At Charleston, 
nearly all on board the revenue cutter. Our 
ships of war in foreign ports do honor to 
temperance. At Bombay, the English resi- 
dents said the Brandywine should change 
her name, inasmuch as her officers drank 
neither brandy nor wine. Commodore Jones 
has nobly cheered on the Hawaians in the 
Pacific, in their temperance movements, and 
invited all officers and seamen in the navy to 
petition Congress to abolish the spirit ration. 

Numerous petitions have been presented 
from our sea-ports on this subject, and it has 
been strongly recommended by the Secreta- 
ry of the navy. 



From the New York Crystal Foam. 

Jack Haulyard. 

Tuns— Itory O'More. 

The good ship Sobriety drew Dear the shore, 
Her crew all in healih and with money galore ; 
When the captain, a dauntless and noble true blue, 
Called all all ihe hands, and thus spoke to the crew : 
Brave shipmates, lookout for the seller of rum, 
Who will soon be aboard lo welcome us home; 
He'll come with such smiles, and he'll look so genteel, 
And a thousand nice comforts to us he'll reveal, 
That his wile and his children may feast on our gain. 
While ours must con ten tl hem with weeping and pain; 
With a lie on his lip and our gold in his eye, 
Till he gets all our earnings— then bids us good bye. 

The captain had hardly got through with his tale, 
When in bolts old Groggy, all under full sail, 
And he calls out, "Jack Haulyard, man, how do you do? 
Tom Starboard I Jim Forebiace, and pray how are you 1 
Old messmates, I'm glad that you all look so well! 
My wife will rejoice for to see you, and tell 
Of all that has happened since yoa went away, 
And left us so sorry, now two years last May. 
Come, come boys, make haste and let's off d'ye set, 
For this night we shall have a most glorious spree ; 
And I tell you, I'm almost half jealous, by Jove I 
For my wile, why I know not, did send you her lore.'* 

"Avast there," says Haulyard, "your tricks I well know, 
Do you think by your smooth wordB to take us in tow, 
And steer us in darkness through brandy and gin. 
Till all our bright shiners you safely can pin t 
Then give us the street as you did William Bell, 
Having robbed him of all, (I remember it well.) 
And made him a drunkard, you show'd him the door, 
So homeless, so friendless, so wretched and poor? 
Begone, Master Groggy ! do, pray, get ashore, 
For we nil signed the pledge, and I'll tell yoa what's more, 
Our money is safe, and whrrever we roam, 
We'll stick to the pledge, and we'll board at the Home '.'' 
Sailor's Home, Jane 10. 



100 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



'A Map of busy life." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

Where are the Pilots ? 

The men who peril their own lives to save 
the lives of others ! where are they in the 
great moral movements in behalf of sea- 
men ? Probably no class of men of equal 
number have done so much for suffering hu- 
manity as pilots, and we cannot do without 
them here. 

There are many pilots in Boston occupy- 
ing a position the most favorable for helping 
along the seamen's cause ; what are they 
doing for it? And the pilots of New York, 
and Philadelphia, and Baltimore, and other 
ports in the United States, what are they all 
doing for it ? 

We were once bound up the North Sea, 
and encountered a heavy gale from the West, 
in the chops of the English Channel. By 
the time we reached the Straits of Dover, we 
were under a close reefed topsail, lying to, 
waiting for a pilot. It blew fearfully ; the 
sun was just setting, and we dreaded the 
consequences of night overtaking us without 
a pilot, and anxiously looked in the direction 
of the shore, hoping that one would come to 
our relief. 

At length, a Deal boat was seen standing 
out towards us. They came as near as they 
dared, and made several attempts to reach 
us, but failed, for the sea run high, and there 
was danger of the boat staving alongside. — 
We began to fear that we should get no pilot, 
when they made signal for a rope. Taking 
some topgallant steering-sail geer, and mak- 
ing fast a buoy to it, we paid overboard sev- 
eral fathoms, and soon had the satisfaction 
of seeing them seize hold of it in the boat. 
Our astonishment and admiration were com- 
plete, when, in a brief moment afterward, 
the noble pilot, with the rope fast to his per- 
son, made signal for us to haul in, and then 
jumped into the raging sea. 

It was a sublime spectacle, and fearful as 
sublime. With careful haste, and almost 
breathless anxiety, we hauled in upon that 
ro pe — who shall describe our feelings as we 
did so * But enough — we got him alongside ; 
a half dozen of us jumped into the channels, 
to be first to lay hold upon' him, and by God's 
blessing he was saved. With one bound, 
he reached the quarter-deck, and stood at 
the captain's side ; and now with a despe- 
rate effort clearing his throat of the salt 
water that was choking him, he uttered 
with fearful distinctness the terrific words, 
"Goodwin Sands — Goodwin Sands," and 
pointed with a convulsive trembling of his 
whole frame, to the dashing, foaming breakers 
close under our lee. At the hazard of car- 
rying away our masts, we made sail on the 



ship, and in a few hours were safe at anchor. 
We see by the foregoing, what pilots can 
do in an emergency : for ourselves, we have 
confidence in them, for we have summered 
and wintered them — and know them to be 
wood men and true. Convince them that 
duty is involved in an enterprise, and they 
will be faithful as the needle to the pole. 

Whether the enterprise in behalf of sea- 
men which we now invite our brethren — the 
pilots of Boston — to enter upon, involves 
duty or not, we leave them to determine. 

The case stands thus : The friends of 
seamen in Boston and vicinity, have provid- 
ed Mariner's Chapels, and Chaplains, Sail- 
or's Homes and a Saving Bank — have insti- 
tuted a Marine Temperance Society, and 
other kindred agencies, and all for the social, 
moral and spiritual improvement of seamen ; 
but our shipmates do not, all of them, reap 
the full benefits of these benevolent institu- 
tions, and for two principle reasons : 

The first is — they enter this port as stran- 
ger*, and know not of their existence. 

The second is — that direct efforts are put 
forth to prevent, if possible, their knowing 
any thing of them, except it may be to preju- 
dice their minds against them. 

This is the business of the rum-selling 
landlord, or, as he is called, the landshark, 
who is ever among the first to go on board 
the inward-bound vessel, armed with his 
liquor bottle, and bent on Jack's destruction. 
The business of the landshark is well under- 
stood — it is to speak against every thing in- 
tended for the sailor's good, deceive Jack 
into the belief of his being his best friend, get 
him drunk, and keep him so until his money 
is all gone. The consequences of the above 
course have been witnessed in too many in- 
stances by the pilots of this port on board of 
outward-bound vessels, to require any state- 
ment of them here. 

In conclusion — we appeal to the pilots of 
Boston, and would say to them, brethren, 
you know our condition as well as we do 
ourselves — and we ask, can you not do us 
o-ood ? We propose three ways in which you 
may attempt it, if you shall think it duty. 

First. Forbid a rum-selling sailor land- 
lord to come on board an inward-bound ves- 
sel, while under your command. 

Second. Use your influence with the offi- 
cers on board to take the same course after 
you shall have left the vessel. 

Third. Take sides with the sailor and his 
real friends at all times, against the common 
enemy, the rum-selling sailor landlord. 

Here is an emergency, one in which you 
alone can act. We know your high resolve ; 
your strength of purpose, your desperate 
courage — your magnanimity and self-denial ! 
and we can confidently appeal to these, and 
every other attribute of your generous na- 



tures, and beseech you to come on board and 
lend us a hand to get our shipmates into port. 
Come, if you will, and be sure of the bless- 
ing of all on board. Fore and Aft. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Exposure of Seamen. 

The seaman's country is emphatically the 
world. Like his favorite element, by which 
he is wafted over the troubled waters, he has 
no stationary " resting-place." He roams 
alike undaunted where Nature puts on her 
modest frown, where tempests roar, and con- 
tending elements exhaust their fury, and 
where nonght but smiles are lavished upon 
the placid bosom of the mighty deep. Dis- 
regarding the wise arrangements of that 
Providence, that has given to every creature 
an appropriate climate, he braves the ever 
varying vicissitudes of distant climes, and 
feasts upon the wonders of creation. Now 
he guides his bark among the icebergs of the 
North, where perpetual frosts glisten in the 
chilly sunbeams, and all is locked in the firm, 
unrelenting embrace of sterile winter ; and 
anon he glides over the gentle waters of the 
tropics, borne on by refreshing breezes, 
which are ever perfumed with the fragrance 
of perennial flowers and delicious fruits. — 
He basks beneath the sunny skies of Italy, 
wanders over the luxuriant vales of Spain, or 
banquets on the romantic scenery of Switz- 
erland as his inclinations may dictate. New 
and imposing features are ever passing in re- 
view, and would that their insinuating snares 
were less fascinating, and their conquests 
less frequent. Influences, as diversified as 
the physical aspects are constantly exerted, 
either giving a higher tone to the expanding 
capacities of the soul, strengthening virtuous 
impulses and imparting more vivid discrimina- 
tions or polluting the very fountain of every 
pure and ennobling emotion, and rendering 
more and more obtuse the moral sensibilities 
of a misguided wanderer. 

On the mighty ocean, whose restless waters 
bear no impress of the thousand ships that 
have flowed its foaming bosom, the howling 
winds may rage, and the wild tornado assail 
his frail bark — while creaking spars, parting 
cordage, and dangling canvass betoken a 
watery grave, far, far from the loved ones of 
earth, yet a hurricane more furious and dead- 
ly beats upon him, even in our own ports ! 
The ravenous landlord decoys his unsuspect- 
ing prey by false pretences, insinuating ad- 
dress, and perchance, with the intoxicating 
cup, and ere he is aware, he is wrecked in a 
den of infamy. The work of ruin is as sud- 
den as certain. The monster, if victory is 
uncertain, summons to his aid abandoned 
satelites, from whom the last vestige of a 
sense of propriety, disgusted, has fled, and 
soon the work of destruction is complete. — 






SHEET ANCHOR. 



101 



Stripped of all his resources — not sparing 
even a, decent costume — he is turned penni- 
less into the street — his character gone — a 
feeling of self-degradation weighing him to 
the earth, or perhaps more frecpjently driven 
again to sea — robbed of his " advance," to 
seek relief and better friends in a damp and 
crowded forecastle. 

This sad picture is no freak of the fancy ; 
too many can attest to its dread realities. 
Nor are such scenes the offspring of a bar- 
barous age. New England, the " garden of 
America," nay of the world, in the nine- 
teenth century, has participated in such out- 
rages upon the generous and noble hearted 
sailor. " O ! shame, where is thy blush" — 
and humanity where is thy humanity? 

In foreign ports, if possible, a sadder spec- 
tacle is presented to view. Temptations, 
extensive and fearful are ever drawing their 
deceptive folds around the mariner. In far 
too many the authority of moral obligations 
is but nominally acknowledged, and the re- 
straints of virtuous principle but feebly felt. 
To say nothing of revellings, injustice and 
gaming, with all of their accompanying evils, 
there is licentiousness, at which humanity 
recoils with horror ! That part of our race 
to whom we look for a softer nature, a more 
delicate refinement, and a more chaste tone 
of feeling, are the principal partakers. The 
natural modesty of their nature is thrown off, 
and the natural impulses of delicacy is dis- 
regarded. The unwary are soon ensnared 
by the apparent charms of personal attrac- 
tions, and soon their fair (?) charms have ac- 
complished their lustful designs. Such are 
the influences with which our young men 
come in contact, rendered far more difficult 
to resist from the fact that females are the 
principal authors ! The once virtuous youth, 
thus ensnared, ruined, with a poignant sense 
of self-degradation, deserts the happy scenes 
of his childhood, to pursue a career of guilt 
and shame. While such is the lot of many 
of our young men, how strong should be 
moral principles ; how necessary early re- 
ligious instruction. Happy indeed if all 
were made acquainted with such things ere 
they are ingulphed in ruin. ,, H . H . 



Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child: 

"Sailor! there's HOPS for thee." 

The Sinking Boat. 

From " Afloat and Ashore." 

We pulled like giants. Three several 
times the water slapped into us, rendering 
the boat more and more heavy ; but captain 
Robbins told us to pull on, every moment 
being precious. As I did not look round — 
could not well, indeed — I saw no more of 



the ship until) I got a sudden glimpse of her 
dark hull, within a hundred feet of us, surg- 
ing ahead in the manner in which vGssels at 
sea seem to take sudden starts that carry 
them forward at twice their former apparent 
speed. Captain Robbins had begun to hail, 
the instant he thought himself near enough, 
or at the distance of a hundred yards; but 
what was the human voice amid the music of 
the winds striking the various cords, and I 
may add chords, in the mazes of a square- 
rigged vessel's hamper, accompanied by the 
bass of the roaring ocean ! Heavens! what 
a feeling of despair was that, when the novel 
thought suggested itself almost simultaneous- 
ly to our minds, that we should not make 
ourselves heard ! I say simultaneously, for 
at the same instant the whole five of us set 
up a common, desperate shout to alarm those 
who were so near us, and who might easily 
save us from the most dreadful of all deaths — 
starvation at sea. I presume the fearful man- 
ner in which we struggled at the oars dimin- 
ished the effect of our voices, while the effort 
to raise a noise lessened our power with the 
oars. We were already to the leeward of 
the ship, though nearly in her wake, and our 
only chance now was to overtake her. The 
captain called out to us to pull for life or 
death, and pull we did. So frantic were our 
efforts, that I really think we should have 
succeeded, had not a sea come on board us 
and filled us to the thwarts. There remain- 
ed no alternative but to keep dead away, and 
to bail for our lives. 

I confess I felt scalding tears gush down my 
cheeks, as I gazed at the dark mass of the 
ship just before it was swallowed up in the 
gloom. This soon occurred, and then, I 
make no doubt, every man in the boat con- 
sidered himself as hopelessly lost. We con- 
tinued to bail, notwithstanding ; and, using 
hats, gourds, pots and pails, soon cleared the 
boat, though it was done with no other seem- 
ing object than to avert immediate death. I 
heard one of the Cape May men pray. The 
name of his wife mingled with his petitions 
to God. As for poor captain Robbins, who 
had so recently been in another scene of equal 
danger in a boat, he remained silent, seeming- 
ly submissive to the decrees of Providence. 

In this state we must have drifted a league 
dead before the wind, the Cape May men 
keeping their eyes on the light, which was 
just sinking below the horizon, while the rest 
of us were gazing seaward in ominous ex- 
pectation of what awaited us in that direc- 
tion, when the hail of " Boat ahoy !" sound- 
ed like the last trumpet in our ears. A 
schooner was passing our track, keeping a 
little off, and got so near as to allow us to be 
seen, though, owing to a remark about the 
light which drew all eyes to windward, not a 
soul of us saw her. It was too late to avert 



the blow, for the hail had hardly reached us, 
when the schooner's cut-water came down 
upon our little craft, and buried it in the 
sea as if it had been lead. At such moments 
men do not think, but act. I caught at a 
bob-stay, and missed it. As I went down 
into the water, my hand fell upon some ob- 
ject to which I clung, and, the schooner rising 
at the next instant, I was grasped by the hair 
by one of the vessel's men. I had hold of 
one of the Cape May men's legs. Released 
from my weight, this man was soon in the 
vessel's head, and he helped to save me. — 
When we got in-board, and mustered our 
party, it was found that all had been saved 
but captain Robbins. The schooner wore 
round, and actually passed over the wreck of 
the boat a second time; but our old com- 
mander was never heard of more ! 

TBI Y©BTE. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 

The Young Sailor-Friend. 

We copy the following from a book called " the 
Unique," written by a benevolent friend of the sailor. 
We should be glad to fee it in the hands of every advocate 
of seamen and Christianity in the land : 

George Delton was a young man, and had 
been a member of a Presbyterian church in 

the city of , three years. He was an 

eminently growing Christian, and had far 
surpassed, in gifts and graces, many of his 
brethren who were much older in years, and 
who for a much larger period had been pro- 
fessors of religion. While he felt interested 
in every good cause, the moral condition of 
seamen more especially called forth his sym- 
pathies and efforts. He spent much time on 
the wharves, not as an idler or loiterer, but 
for the pupose of conversing with the sailor 
about his soul. Many are the hours that he 
has spent in the cabin and in the forecastle, 
on his knees, praying for the mariner. 
Probably he has spent more money to pur- 
chase tracts, and Testaments, and Bibles for 
seamen, which he would give with his own 
hand, than any other man of his age in the 
whole country. He has the satisfaction of 
knowing that through his efforts many of the 
sons of the ocean have been persuaded to 
join the temperance society ; have been re- 
claimed from the paths of the destroyer ; have 
laid up. money which before they threw away, 
and have abandoned every vicious habit. 
More than this, he has reason to rejoice in 
the fact that God has honored him as the in- 
strument of leading some of these brave and 
hardy men to the Saviour of sinners ; and 
they, now, instead of being a curse among 
the people wherever they go, are ready, as 
faithful Christians, to proclaim the words of 
salvation in every port whither the winds of 
heaven may waft them. 



102 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



SHUT ANCHOR 



0J 



o 

J3 
eg 




BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1844. 



,)^-The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Increase of the Sheet .Anchor. 

We trust it is with feelings of devout grat- 
itude to God, that we again acknowledge 
His gracious smiles on our paper. The in- 
crease of its circulation, for several months 
past, has been very encouraging. We now 
print 4500 copies, with additions, on an av- 
erage, of 200 a month. It is our aim to 
reach 6000 the present year, and eventually 
20,000. 

The more extensive our circulation, with 
God's blessing, the more good we can ac- 
complish. We already send to different 
missionary stations, foreign chaplaincies, and 
ships of war abroad. At this moment the 
Sheet Anchor is perhaps being read on board 
vessels and at ports in the most distant quar- 
ters of the globe. A young sailor-friend 
now sitting by us, expresses the great pleas- 
ure he felt on first seeing the paper while 
afloat in the Mediterranean. May it thus be 
borne by the hands of our brother sailors to 
every clime on earth ! 

A WORD TO OLD SUBSCRIBERS. 

3Tow is a good time to pay up arrears. 
The last number completes the half year of 
the second volume. Will our friends over- 
kanl the log book of their memories a little? 
We suspect some will find they are a trifle 
out of their reckoning. If our obversations 
do not deceive us, several hundreds of our 
readers owe us a dollar each. Square the 
yards, good friends — square the yards ! 

New Bethel in Boston. 

Another meeting for seamen, under the 
control of members of the Free Will Baptist 
denomination, was. commenced in Boston a 
few Sabbaths since. The chapel is over the 
Quincy Market, near old Faneuil Hall, and 
is a neat, commodious, airy room. It was 
well filled on the day of its dedication to the 
good cause of the sailor, and numerous au- 
diences have attended since. The venerable 
Elder John Buzzel, one of the fathers in the 
ministry of his church, officiated in the ded- 



icatory services, assisted by Elder J. M. Buz- 
zel, his son, and J. W. Holman, of this 
city. The following appropriate hymn was 
sung on the occasion : 

THE SAILOR'S BETHEL. 

BY ELDER J. W. HOLMAN. 

O God of our salvation ! 
On whom we love to call, 
We come from every nation, 
To worship in this hall. 
And while we wait betore Thee, 
And lift our voice in praise, 
Hear ! O ih.ni God of glory ! 
The Anthems that we raise. 

Our hearts are full of gladness j 
For lo ! the day has come, 
When brethren, long in sadness, 
Hare found a joyful home : 
When strangers, long neglected, 
Within thy couits appear. 
And seamen, unprotected, 
May find a welcome here. 

O God ! thy light is beaming 
Above the n^on-day sun! 
And tears of joy are streaming, 
O'er conquests Thou hast won! 
Benighted seamen craving 
The light ihe gospel brings ; 
And Bethel flags are waving 
"Aloft," like angel's wings. 

Here then the weary stranger, 
May come and pray, and sing:, 
And seamen saved from danger, 
Their wives and children bring; 
And when the winds are blowing 
On kindred '.'. far at sea," 
Our hearts with love still glowing, 
O God, we'll lift to Thee. 

And when life's " voyage" is ended, 
And all its storms are o'er, 
And Zion's " crew' 1 are landed. 
On Canaan's peaceful "shore;" 
O then, may ransomed millions. 
From graves 'neath ocean's foam, 
Einhrace their wives and children 
In their eternal home. 

Elder J. M. Buzzel has the pastoral care 
of this new enterprize of mercy. In a note 
to us, he says, " Our meetings are quite in- 
teresting. We are praying for a revival of 
God's work, and the salvation of souls, and 
confidently hope to see the desire of our 
hearts in the return of many blood-bought 
souls to Christ, who shall follow Him as their 
' Captain,' until they reach the heavenly 
port." 



Trip to Maine. 



We had the pleasure of making a flying 
visit to our sister State a few days since, and 
return much pleased with the country, and 
the prospects of the sailor's cause. We vis- 
ited Portland, Bangor, Frankfort and Bath. 
Our stay in each place was short, but we met 
many friends of the sailor. At Portland the 
prospects for the erection of a new and more 
convenient chapel are improving. Rev. Mr. 
Bourne, the chaplain there, is laboring as- 
siduously in his good work. The increas- 
ing circulation of the Sheet Anchor in Maine 
and elsewhere, we intend shall render him 
" some service." He will write for us as 
often as possible, and we hope other friends 
of seamen in Maine will do the same. 

At Bangor, we had a large meeting. 
This port is fairly entitled to a chapel, and 
we shall do all in our power to erect one 
there. At times nearly 200 vessels are in 
Bangor, some of them bound to distant lands. 



The moral improvement of their crews is a 
matter of great moment. Temperance has 
already done much for some of them, but 
Christianity can do more for them all. We 
hope to hear good tidings often from Bangor. 

In Bath there are several active friends of 
the cause. Rev. Mr. Nott, formerly chap- 
lain at Buffalo, is pastor of one of the church- 
es. He is doing what he can to advance the 
great work. His correspondence will be 
valuable. We addressed the State Congre- 
gational Conference, at this place, and 
learned that another plea had been made for 
the sailor before we arrived. The seaman's 
cause has many firm friends in this Confer- 
ence, and throughout the " Polar Star State." 
May they all be up and doing; for Oh ! how 
rapidly are the poor sailors plunging into the 
dread ocean of eternity ! 

Our tour was rendered the more pleasant 
by the kind attentions of the gentlemen con- 
nected with the steamers " Charter Oak" 
and " Huntress." Persons travelling East, 
may with the utmost confidence bestow on 
them their patronage. 

Marine Painting. 

We call the special attention of our sub- 
scribers to the following card. The gentle- 
man named is one of the Managers of the 
Bethel Union. Specimens of his painting 
may be seen in the Commercial Street 
Chapel, and in our private office, at the house 
of Dr. J. Cullen Ayer, corner of Hanover 
and Pritice Streets. We should be glad to 
have our friends, and especially officers of 
vessels, call and examine these paintings. 
Mr. Drew certainly has skill in his beautiful 
calling, and, what is better, a warm heart for 
the sailor. 

A CARD. 

The Subscriber has been, for several years, engaged 
in Marine Painting, and during that time has painted a 
large number of vessels, of different descriptions, for 
ship-owners, ship-masters, and others of this city. 

Particular attention is paid to painting true Likenesses 
of Ships, Barques, Steamers, Pilot and Pleasure Boats. 

Also, Shipwrecks, Storms, &c, correctly painted. 

Orders from abroad faithfully executed. 

C. DREW, 18 Court Street, Boston. 

Correspondence. 

Articles from Elder J. M. Buzzel, W. R. 
Bliss, Rev. C. W. Rockwell, Rev. C. 
Stewart, and others, will be forthcoming 
in future numbers. Rev. Mr. Kenney, for- 
merly chaplain at Key West, will continue 
his favors. His letter was mislaid during our 
absence, or it should have been inserted en- 
tire. A communication from the friends in 
Providence, R. I., inviting the proposed Sea- 
men's Chaplains' Convention there, is defer- 
red until we can hear from Baltimore. A 
previous understanding had been given that 
the meetings would be held in the Monu- 
mental City. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



103 



Mr. George L. Coburn, a sailor-agent for 
the Sheet Anchor, writes from New Haven, 
Conn., desiring to be remembered to his 
friends among the sons of the ocean. He 
cheers them on to "rally," as he says, "un- 
der that banner, whose waving folds proclaim 
peace and happiness to the long neglected 
tar. May God in mercy protect the sailor 
from those who have so long feasted upon 
them — who stand at the gangways, ready to 
pounce on the sterling sons of Neptune." 

Rev. J. S. Reynoldson, of Poplar Grove, 
Va., formerly a sailor, writes to his friend, 
Capt. Gelston, of New York, that his la- 
bors are blessed of God. He says, " I am 
now entirely in the Lord's work, and He is 
prospering it all around. Since I left my 
school, I have been enabled to travel near 
1500 miles, preach 125 sermons, attend 11 
prayer meetings, make 10 temperance ad- 
dresses, visit 80 familes, baptize 38 willing 
converts, and see a number of my spiritual 
children gathered into the churches. Pray 
for me, my honored brother, that I may be 
kept humble, and useful." Such is the spirit 
of a convered sailor. May Heaven send many 
more into the world ! 

New York Female Bethel Union. 

The anniversary of this institution, which 
sustains the new Bethel on the corner of 
Cherry and Pike Streets, was celebrated in 
New York last week. We shall insert the 
particulars in our next number. The chapel 
is progressing well. Preparations are made 
for building. Collections and subscriptions 
will not fail to accomplish the object. Our 
friends in New York are thus setting a good 
example before Bostonians. Let it be im- 
proved. 

Valuable Testimony. — We have been 
shown a letter from Capt. Richardson, stat- 
ing that the " Sheet Anchor" is more eager- 
ly sought after than any paper received at 
the New York Sailor's Home. 

Verbal testimonies of a similar character 
are frequently saluting our ears. 



Committee 

For Gratuitous Distribution among Seamen. 

Ret. CHARLES \V. DENISON, Sheet Anchor Office. 

MOSES GRANT, Esq., Cambridge Street. 

Rev. SETH BLISS, Tract Depository, Cornhill. 
" W. I!. TAPPAN, American S. S. Union Deposi- 
tory. Cnrnhill. 

Dka. T. THWING, City Missionary, % Washington St. 

BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS, Esq., Atkins' Wharf 

Rr.v.J. M. BUZZEL, Chaplain of the new Seamen's 
Bethel, over Quincy Market. 

Rev. WILLIAM HOWE, chapel, corner of Friend and 
Deacon Streets. 

Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 
of Hanover and Prince Streets, Boston. 

Capt. T. V. SULLIVAN, 

General Agent for collecting funds for this 
object. 



THI LOCKER. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 
NAVAL. 

Fine Arts in the U. S. Navy. — A painting, 
by Lieut. Flagg, of the U. S. Navy, of a scene 
in the island of Madagascar, had been placed in 
the exhibition of the Academy in Rio de Janeiro, 
(South America,) and was attracting a good deal 
of attention. The emperor and empress each 
took a fancy to it, as well on account of the nov- 
elty of the scene represented, as of the manner 
of its execution ; and the former evinced the sin- 
cerity of his commendations by expressing a wish 
to purchase it for his gallery at the palace of San 
Christoval. This being communicated to the art- 
ist, he declined receiving any remuneration for 
the picture, except the honor which the emperor 
would do him by accepting it. It was accord- 
ingly presented and accepted ; and the emperor, 
through his high chamberlain, returned his ac- 
knowledgments to Mr. Flagg in a highly com- 
plimentary letter. 

fXj^Of 380 men and boys, comprising the 
crew of the United States frigate Cumberland, 
now on the Mediterranean station, less than 20 
diaw their spirit rations. 

The Sandwich Island Commissioners, 
Messrs. Hallileo & Richards, visited and were 
received on board the ship of war North Carolina, 
and at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, with a national 
salute, and every other attention due to their high 
character as the representatives of an indepen- 
dent nation. 

fjJ = THE Iron Steam Cutter for the Reve- 
nue service on this station, is now in a state of 
forwardness at Suuih Boston, and is well worth 
looking at, being the first vessel of the kind built 
in this section of the country. We hope to see 
her launched soon, and in command of the inde- 
fatigable Capt. Sturgis. 

(U^A sailor, said to belong to the United 
States sloop of war John Adams, by the name of 
Zebulon Andrews, was drowned, a few days 
since, in the dock, south side of Lewis' wharf. 
Physicians were called, but he was found to be 
past recovery. While attending the man, Dr. 
Ayer had his pocket picked of a pocket case 
of surgical instruments. 

(L/^Thc brig Georgiann, in going down the 
harbor, ran over a boat belonging to the United 
States ship Ohio, in which five apprentices were 
dragging for a stanchion ; one of them, we re- 
gret to learn, named William A. Strong, was so 
severely injured that he died soon after he was 
taken aboard the ship. 

Difference of Longitude determinfd et 
Morse's Telegraph. — Among the wonderful 
developments of the new Telegraph, says the 
National Intelligencer, one has just come to light 
which will be regarded in the world of science as 
deeply interesting. Professor Morse suggested 
to the distinguished Arago, in 1839, that the 
Electro Magnetic Telegraph would be the means 
of determining the difference of longitude between 
places with an accuracy hitherto unattained. 



Report of the United States Mark Hospital, Chelsea. 

For the quarter ending June 30, 1844. 
Sick or disabled seamen in Hospital. April I, . S3 
Received during the quarter, 131 

154 

Discharged, cured or relieved, 113 

Died 2 

Remaining, March 31st, 39 

161 

Names of Deceased. 

Augustus F. Kruger, aged 27, born in Volna, Prussia. 
George Stevens, •' 47, " in fsew York Cin 

J. BACON, Steward, 
Chelsea, June 30, 1844. 

fjyThe great gun, manufacturing under the 
supervision of Capt. Stockton, for the Princeton, 
will be finished by August. 



INFORMATION WANTED 
Of JAMES YORK, of Exeter, N. H., 32 years of »ge, 
light complexion and hair, blue eyes, medium stature, 
by trade a stone cutter; went to sea in a whale ship from 
New Bedford, in 1830. Address Mrs. Mary York. 
Exeter, N. H. 

Also, of JOSEPH LOCK SHAW, of the same place, 
32 years of age, light complexion and hair, blue eyes, 
medium stature, and by trade a currier ; went to sea in a 
whale ship, in December, 1832. Address Mrs. Sakab 
Shaw, Exeter, N. H. 

Also, of JAMES STAR, of Burlington, Vt., medium 
stature, dark complexion and black hair, by trade a shoe 
maker; went a whaling from New Bedford, in 1835. Di- 
rect information to Mrs. Jane Star, Plainfield, Conn. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

Rocks in the South Pacific. — J. B. Williams. l>q. 
United States Consul at the Bay of Islands, has furnish- 
ed the following to the New Bedford Mercury : 

Having obtained accurate information of three dan- 
gerous rocks in the juxtaposition with the Curtis Islands, 
in the South Pacific ocean, I deem it my duty to public!* 
in as concise and suscinct a form as may be, convenient- 
ly, for the benefit of mariners. The position of tkese 
dangers lies directly in the track of ships cruising for 
sperm whales ; in the parallels of latitude of 31° 14' S . 
and the longitude of 17° 8' W.. bearing E. N. E. bv com- 
pass from the French Rock, about 45 miles distant j 
said to be 12 feet water on it ; but uo breakers « ere 
discerned. 

The second rock was discovered in the latitude' of 
31° 17' S., and in the longitude of 179° W., bearing W. 
N. W. from the French Rock, 10 miles distant; just a 
wash with the surface of the sea; and breaks high in 
boisterous weather. 

The third danger was observed in the latitude of 31° 
20' S., and in the longitude of 178° 23' E., bearing W 
from the French Rock, about 133 miles distaut, and 
heavy breakers were discerned when the surface is 
roughened by the wind. 

DISASTERS AT SEA. 
Letters received at Holmes' Hole, from C3pt. Merry, 
of ship Macon, of that port, dated Isle of France, March 
16, reports the loss of that vessel on the 22d of Februa- 
ry last ; having been driven from her anchors in a hurri- 
cane, on to a reef otf Fort George, while lying in the 
outer roads, harbor of Isle of France. Vessel a total 
loss ; her oil was mostly saved. 

The ship Albion, Capt. Jenney, of Fairhaven, on Ihe 
14th of March, lat. 43° 30' S., long. 5U° 2(1' E., spok* 
ship Nimrod, Rogers, of Sag Harbor, and Captain K. 
being sick, Capt. Jenney went on board. When return- 
ing, saw whales, one of which he struck ; the boat wa« 
stove, and Capt. J. lost. He was not seen after the boat 
was stove, and probably was injured by the whale, aud 
sunk immediately. 

Bark Ionia, of Eastport, Parritt, from New York for 
Laguayra, was lost on the Roques, about 22d April last. 
The greater part of the cargo would be saved, althoigh 
in a damaged state. Vessel insured. The schr. Tacon 
had been chartered to proceed to the wreck and take ber 
cargo to Laguayra. 



104 



SHEET ANCHOR. 




»1W Y01E FMATIHG CHAPEL. 



The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
put it asunder. 



In the city of New York, 26th ult., His Excellency 
JOHN TYLER, President of the United States, to Miss 
Julia, daughter of the late David Gardiner, Esq. 

In Auburn, N. Y., Hon. Charles J. Folger, of Ge- 
neva, to Miss Sosan R., daughter of the late Capt. Chs. 
B. Worth, of Nantucket. 




THE LASS VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea 1 



In Paxton, Mrs. Mary L, wife of Capt. Freeman 
Ellis, formerly of Plymouth, aged 39 years. 

In Norfolk, Va., Capt. Life Holden, a native of 
Massachusetts, aged 00 years. 

At Cape Elizabeth, Cnpt. Eben. Webster, aged G8. 

In Halifax, Capt. Ebene/.f.r Fuller, aged Gl years. 

At Ascension. Nov. 29. while on the passage from the 
Coast of Africa to Brazil, Capt. Walter B. Whiting, 
inaBter of schooner Boston, of Salem. 

In Calcutta, on board ship Dorchester, in Oct. last, of 
cholera, Mr. J. Evans. 2d mate, and Otis Thrasher, 
seaman, of Taunton, Mass. 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
R«r. SILAS B\1LEY. GEORGE L. COBURN. 
'< DANIEL WISE. 



Institutions for Seamen in the United States. 

Savings Banks for Seamen.— New York. No. 
71 Wall Street. Open every day (Sundays excepted,) 
be'twuen 12 and 2 o'clock. 

Portland. South corner of the Mariner's Church, 
(up stairs.) 

Boston. Tremont Street. Open daily, (Sundays ex- 
cepted,) from 10 to 2 o'clock. 

New Haven. In the building of the N. Haven Bank- 

Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street; Rev. Henry Chase, 18b' Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Kev. 
1. li. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of I'ike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev.G. VV. Bourne, Fore Street, near Ex- 
€*LVinLTP Street. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord; Bethel Church, INorth Square, Rev. E.T. Taylor. 
"Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Chaplain, Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. 

S item. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. E. Mudge. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark. N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philiddphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev 
O. Dnnulaag. 

Bdtimnre. Fell's Point, Philpot St., Rev. H. Best. 

Alexandria, D. C. The resident Clergy. 

Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev, 
W. R. Yates. 

Savannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White 

NewOrUans. f»o. 14, Levee Street. 




INTERIOR VIEW OF THE FLOATING CHURCH OF OUR SAVIOUR, FOR SEAMEN. 



Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 
Cleveland. . Rev. William Day. 
Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 
Oswego. Rev. F. Pierce. 
Rocketts, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 



Sailor's Magazine. — The Sailor's Magazine is 
published hv the American Seamen's Friend Society, 
at their Office, No. 71, Wall Street, New York, and is 
devoted to the improvement of the social and moral 
condition of seamen. It is issued monthly ; contains 
thirty-two pages octavo. Price $ 1 50, a year, payable 
in advance. 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-HOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronise of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead, 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Quin, Jr., No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Maktiit Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. 

David Chakfin, 77.J Commercial Street. 
Temperance Cellar, kept by Luthek Hosmek, No. 
51 North Market Street. 

Salem. Fbenezer Griffin, near South Bridge j Mrs. 
Gr^enleaf, Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland, Me. — Seamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Hath. Me. Joshua B. Phtpps, Seamen's Mansion. 
New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 
Capt. Koland Gelslon, No. 320, Pearl Street. 
Other Bnardinti-Houses in New York City. John 
McLellan,154 Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. ; Thomas J. Watkins, 67 Cherry Street. 
Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by VV. P. 
Powell. 61 Cherry Street. 

Providence, R.. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South Water Street. 

Charleston, ("apt. Hamilton, 23 Queen Street. 
Portsmouth, N. H. Charles F.. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets. Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home, (Eastburn Hour p.) No. 
10, Lombardy Street, near Front Street Sam'l Room. 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Society. 
Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts., by Wm, Hammond, under thecare of the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, A'. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street, 
Capt. Hnlcolm. 

JVtm Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Chprrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street, Fell's Point. 

Alexandria,!). C. Sailor's Home, by John Robinson. 



Boarding for American Mates in Havre, France. Mrs. 
Phene and Son, No 20, Quai Lombardie ; Mrs. Latham, 
No. 44, Quai Lnmhlardie. 

A Temperance Boarding-House for Seamen and oth- 
ers, is kept by Thomas Goodman, No. 20, Great Howard 
Street, Liverpool. 



Chaplains for Seamen in Foreign Ports. 

Oahu, Honolulu — Rev. Samuel C. Damon. 
Havre, France — Rev. K. K. Adams. 
Jjihima. Sandwich Island* — The Am. Missionaries. 
Singapore — The American Missionaries. 

('ronstadf — Rev, • . 

Sydney, New South Wales — Rev. M. T. Adam. 



PORTABLE WRITING DESKS. 

r>OSE-WOOD and MAHOGANY DESKS, large siies, 
**■ plain, brass mounted and strapped, of extra strength, 
and particularly designed for Shipmasters and Sea use. 

Also, Rose-wood and Mahogany Desks, of 12, 14, 
16, and 18 inches in length, plain and inlaid, for Ladies 
or Gentlemen's use, comprising at all times, the largest 
and best assortment in the city. 

Also, leather covered Nepi.us Desks, or Portman- 
teau ; Koll up and Portfolio Writing Cases, for trav- 
elling purposes ; Dressing Cases ; Pocket Book* 
and Wallets'; Tablets and Memorandum Books; 
Marsh's Manifold Letter Writers; Statione- 
ry ; School and Blank Books, of every description, I 
comprising almost every variely of articles in the line — 
at wholesale or retail, at the lowest prices. 

[TJ7* Shipmasters, Seamen, and all others, in want, are ] 
respectfully invited to call at MARSH'S Paper and 
Stationery Warehouse, INo. 77 Washington Street, Joy's 
Building. 3m May 18. 




JAMES FREDERICK FOSTER continues t* 
" manufacture all the various approved TRUSSES at 
his old Stand, No. 305, Washington Street, opposite. 
No. 264, entrance in Temple Avenue, (up stairs.) 

A Iso, Dr. Ch a pin's Supporters, for Prolapsus Uteri ; 
Trusses, for Prolapsus Ani ; SrsPFNsoRY Bags, Knee 
Caps, Back Boards, Steeled Shoes, for deformed 
feet. Trusses repaired at one hour's notice, and made 
to answer, oftentimes, as well as new. The Subscriber 
having worn a Truss himself 25 years, and fitted so many 
(or the last ten years, feels confident in being able to 
suit all capes that may come to him. 

Dr. Fletcher's Truss, and Marsh's Truss, Dr. Hull's 
Truss, and Thompson's Ratchett Truss, and the Sha- 
ker's Rocking Trusses, may be had at this Establish- 
ment. Whispering Tubes and Ear Trumpets that will 
enable a person to converse low with one that is hard 
of hearing. 

O* All Ladies in want of Dr. Chapin's Supporters, or 
Trusses, will he waited upon by his wife, Mrs. Caro- 
line D. Foster, who has had ten years experience in 
the business. JAMES F. FOSTtR. 

May 4. 



IN ITS PLAIN AND FANCY VARIETY, 

NEATLY executed at tiik 
SHEET ANCHOR OFFICE. 



£ (/^^T^Jt^ 




" Which hope we have 



as an anchor of the soul. 



JONATHAN HOWE, 



PUBLISHER. :::::::::::::::.:::::::: REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1844. 



No. 14. 



SHEET AUCHOR. 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS HOW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIKTUE to T HIPF.I1 ASI 

tO HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A VEAK, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers, find remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
same proportion tor larger nhmbers. 



AGENTS. 
SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: 
KEEPERS OF BAILORS' HOMES 

Q£3~ See list of names on lasi page 



SEE LAST PACE. 



*THB Sf@ET. 



.-/ 



Wonders in the deep.' 



For the Sheet Anchor. 
l£7" Another good article from our new sailor cor- 
reipondent. 

"Hope on — Hope ever !" 

A SKETCH OF THE SEA— By W. R. BLISS. 

" You'd better turn out and prepare for 
the worst !" Thus spoke the skipper of a 
well found brig, but one week out from Bos- 
ton, and lying to under bare poles in a win- 
ter's gale on our coast. We were passen- 
gers ; and the storm which had been raging 
with unmitigated fury for the past three days, 
had confined us to our cabin and berths, wet, 
cold and uncomfortable from the severity of 
the weather, and the constant influx of salt 
water oozing through the deck-lights and 
ceilings upon us. The companion way clos- 
ed after the captain as he left us for the deck, 
and what a rush of thoughts and emotions 
d.irted across our minds as he departed ! — 
"Prepare for the worst!" His well-tried 
nautical skill he now felt was outrivalled ; 
and he knew that all within his power had 
been effected to weather the gale. But he 
felt it to have been uselessly expended, for 
unless the weather should soon assume a more 
favorable aspect, he felt that we were gone ! 
we were lost ! It was my first time upon the 
deep, and how I felt as I heard those words, 
no tongue can tell. Here, upon the angry 
ocean, within a short distance from home 
and friends, who little dreamt of our peril — 



here we were summoned to " prepare for the 
worst !" Here, away from all mortal aid — 
alone — companionless — we might find a 
grave 1 How distinctly the past — the long- 
forgotten past — came to view ! How clearly- 
all our spent lives, their tranactions, their 
events appeared and stared before us ! How 
I remembered my parting adieu to friends on 
shore — the last hearty shake of the hand — 
the gaily-spoken farewell ! 

Again the companion-way opened, and 
the'eaptain entered, his oiled trowsers and 
water proof coat dripping with the water 
which tried hard to penetrate them— laying 
down an axe upon the floor, and removing 
his " sou'wester,-' he seated himself by the 
table over which swung the lantern, vibrat- 
ing to and fro with the rollings and plung- 
ings of the vessel. 

"It blows hard! terribly hard! and we 
shall have to cut away, if it don't lull soon !" 

Shut up as we were in our little cabin, we 
could easily and distinctly realize the truth 
of his assertion. The groaning beams and 
bulk-heads — the shrill piping and screaming 
of the fierce winds playing among the taut- 
ened rio-o-ino- — the constant dismal clanking 
of the pumps and the cries, " Does she suck 
yet?" "No, sir!" all too plainly told that 
indeed it did blow hard. 

On what a brittle thread hangs human 
life! It only wanted one more such sea as 
that which struck us last, to send us down, 
down into eternity, with none to tell our 
fate! It only wanted one favorable omen in 
the heavens to tell us " hope on !" There 
we sat, calmly awaiting our destiny, yet hop- 
ing; dreading to cut away the masts, think- 
ing the gale might soon abate, and then we 
should feel the loss of them much — fearing to 
carry them, lest they should unawares plunge 
themselves over the side and become entan- 
gled upon us. Oh, how it blew ! The mad- 
dened winds sending the boiling spray high 
upon the yards and rigging, and there con- 
gealing till no rope or block could be work- 
ed — the men, weary and exhausted, laboring 
hard at the pumps, many of them frosted, 
and all of them wet and chilled through, no 



fire, no food, no dry clothing, nothing to 
cheer, nothing to relieve or console them — 
nothing, but Hope! Oh! how far hope goes 
in misery's last extremity ! We hoped it 
would soon moderate, and we had reason, 
since for the last three days and nights the 
fury of the gale had known no cessation or 
abatement. 

"But hark, it lulls!" — how joyful was 
every heart and every countenance ! The 
pump-brakes flew more merrily — the men 
bent to the stroke with more of life and en- 
ergy — it was the kindling up of Hope I It 
lulled, it was for a moment only, and again 
broke upon us the wild deafening roar and 
rage of the furious elements. They had 
only retired together in greater furj, and 'he 
•demoniac rage with which they again broke 
upon us almost extinguished hope's flicker- 
ing spark. 

" Clear away the main hatches !" shouted 
the captain, as he reached the deck ; and 
like tigers to their prey so rushed the ,men 
to the hatch bars as he spoke; and soon 
floated to leeward the bales and boxes which 
hid Iain beneath them. Once more it lull- 
ed ! The hatches were put on. It was a lit- 
tle longer than the last, and more moderately 
broke the gale again. Yet it was as much 
as our noble craft could stagger under, for 
her creaking timbers too plainly told the 
struggle she contended. It moderated ! all 
was anxiety — hope — doubt. Again the dan- 
ger was eminent. Those fearful lulls at first 
so welcome, now so treacherous, swinging 
us off and on in the trough of the sea, where 
with tremendous lurches our over-strained 
bark would plunge her head under the moun- 
tain masses of waves, and rising from their 
fearful embrace deluged with seas that swept, 
as they rolled aft, water casks, spare yards, 
hen coops, and every thing lashed, into the 
lee scuppers, and like bauble* tossed them 
over her side. 

" Clear away the main-topsail rigging, and 
get that close reefed main-topsail on her !'' 

Cheerily flew the men aloft to the topsail 
yard, and soon was spread the close reefed 
sail, under which we ran— now stooping low— 



106 



SHEET ANCHOR 



now soaring high — as we flew on the crests 
of the surges which arose around and chased 
behind in the vain endeavors to engulf 
and overwhelm us in our flying course. On 
we flew, and after us closely followed the dis- 
appointed billows, breaking and combing 
fearfully and majestically under our stern. — 
It continued to moderate, the fore tack was 
boarded, and sail after sail was again sheeted 
home, as the force of the wind decreased. 
At daylight the next morning, we were once 
more to our course, with a fair breeze and 
thankful hearts for our providential deliver- 
ance from so impending a destruction as that 
which awaited us but yesterday. 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

Letter from a Teetotal Mate. 

Brig EMERALD, Gray's Wharf, ) 
BOSTON, June 2, 1844. j 

Mr. Denison, 

Respected Sir, — I am at present residing 
at the Mariner's House, and have called sev- 
eral times at your counting room, but have 
not been able to meet with you. Annexed 
you will find a few lines which I have copied 
from one of my old log books now in posses- 
sion of Mrs. John Hoar, lady of the pro^ 
prietor of the Providence Seamen's Home. 
The circumstances under which they were 
written, were simply these : having been de- 
tained by an adverse wind, some two years 
since in Narraganset bay, we determined to 
invite several of the ladies from the neigh- 
boring shore to a temperance tea party on 
board the brig, upon the afternoon of one of 
the days we were there detained : and among 
the company was a young lady to whom they 
were addressed, but without her knowledge 
then or now ; they were simply annexed in 
the log book, after noting the proceedings of 
the day. Should you deem them worthy of 
an insertion in your valuable little sheet, 
please notice that they are from a boarder at 
the Providence Seamens' Home, now resid- 
ing at the Mariner's House of this city. 

Adieu, adieu, a fond adieu, 

The first, the List, between us broken ; 

Offspring of friendship yet so new, 
1 almost blush to find it spoken. 

This sad adieu springs from a heart 

That owns the deepest thrill of feeling : 

Unknown to cold deceit or art, 
Affection every throe revealing. 

Alas, alas, we part so soon, 

I just can say that 1 have met thee ; 

1 cannot claim affection's boon, 
Nor yet through life can I forget thee. 

All time's untravclled trackless sea, 

O'er which life's bark so frail is fleeting, 

Holds not in all its caves for nae, 

A joy more pare than our brief meeting. 

1'lTIIIAS, 



I also find, seven months after, noted upon 
the same log book, the first return of the 
brig since the tea party, that in passing up 
the bay with a fine breeze, when some dis- 
tance below the point of land where most of 
the ladies and gentlemen resided who com- 
posed the party, her signal was recognized, 
and several welcomed our return by waving 
their handkerchiefs and hats ; the shore be- 
ing bold, the water tall, and a strong free 
wind, we passed within a few yards of the 
promontory upon which they and the light 
house stood. In conclusion of the log of 
that day is the following lines, to the tune of 
Araby's Daughter. 

All hail ! all hail to thee, W , fair daughter, 

Thou art beauteous to look upon, comely to see ; 
Not the star-fish that sparkles beneath the blue water, 
Can vie with the light of them eyes' brilliancy. 

The stranger who visits your bright happy dwelling, 
Must freely his tribute of gratitude pay ; 
Show forth your bright virtues with life's latest feeling, 
Those virtues resplendent as Sol's brightest ray. 

Thou art dear to my heart as its innermost fibre, 
Each pulse of my bosom will throb thy dear name ; 
Thy face is translucent, a bright polished mirror, 
An index of heaven, that reignest within. 

Your smiles will make easy my life's weary voyage, 
And shed a mild halo o'er death's closing scene ; 
Will gild and illumine the uncertain passage 
Of my spirit's frail bark on Eternity's stream. 

There are a considerable number of pieces 
contained in these " old log books," upon 
various subjects, but mostly upon temperance, 
growing out of tlie incidents of every day 1 , 
and noted at the time. Should you deem 
them worthy of publication, I will continue 
to send them from the Home at Providence 
occasionally. Your ob't serv't, 

James Elder, of Ind. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

A Temperance Tar in New Orleans. 

Mr. Editor, 

Sir, having been in Mobile a short time 
since, I had the pleasure of attending several 
temperance meetings in company with several 
ship masters and other seamen ; and I feel 
proud when I inform you that the speakers 
in all of them were seamen, members of 
temperance societies in New York and Bos- 
ton. Among them were ship-masters and 
the sailor before the mast. At the anniver- 
sary meeting of the Mobile Temperance So- 
ciety, I am sorry to say, there was not a 
landsman found to speak a word in favor of 
the good cause; but the sailor was there and 
we had three excellent speeches from them. 
Two of them were masters, the other a sailor 
before the mast, a native of Boston, who 
spoke very well and gave the landsmen some 
sharp rubs, as did the others also. Indeed, 
I think that the sailors are likely to do a 
great deal of good in that country ; they are 
carrying the war into the enemy's camp. — 
Whole ships' crews going to these meetings 



from the captain down, determined to carry 
the cause of temperance on in spite of the 
many obstacles thrown in their way. Not 
only temperance, but religion is carrying 
its healthful influence into these far-off" pla- 
ces by the sailors instrumentality. 

I was in a Bethel meeting for prayer, 
where there might have been twenty sailors 
present, when a Rev. gentleman said he 
would like to know how many there were of 
the sons of the ocean who loved Jesus ; 
and there were ten who rose instantly and 
confessed, and owned their blessed Saviour 
as their strong hold and sure defence. These 
things I write to let you know what good 
you are doing, you, and the rest of God's 
people, who are interested for seamen. — 
Every one you send out from Boston — a so- 
ber, religious man — is a missionary both of 
religion and temperance. 

Go on, then, my dear sir, and you may de- 
pend that you will do much good. May God 
bless you, and all the members of the tem- 
perance societies. Yours, sincerely, 

Wm. Blackstone, 

A member of the Itoston Marine Temp. Soc'y. 
Rev. C. W. Denicon. 

Dr. Elliott. 

IT The Editor of the New York Organ speaks in the 
following terms of a celebrated lecturer. We have in- 
vited him to visit Boston. 

We went to the Mariner's Church, ' K, >><=•- . 
velt Street,) on Tuesday evening last, for the 
purpose of listening to an address from this 
gentleman, whose fame has gone abroad as 
the great, original, terror to the rumselling 
gentry ; and we can assure our readers that 
we were not disappointed. The result of 
his labors on this occasion was an addition 
to the pledge of forty names. He also ad- 
dressed a meeting at the " Seamen's Home," 
on Wednesday evening, when 78 signatures 
were obtained. The Doctor is a native of 
the " Buckeye " State, but now resides in 
Albany. He has been instrumental in doing 
much good, and always acts upon the princi- 
ple, (to use his own language,) of never call- 
ing soap sugar. He has a style peculiar to 
himself; — at one moment, a universal burst 
of laughter will shake the walls of the build- 
ing, and in a twinkling, all will be as still as 
death — such perfect sway does he exercise 
over the feelings of his auditory. He is truly 
an original speaker. 



The Temperance Ship. 

The Methodist preacher at New Salem, N. H.. writes 
as follows, to the Editor of Zion's Herald : 

It is known to some of your readers that 
the past conferenee year the Temperance 
Ship got into a hard gale of stormy passion. 
Some few of the crew fearing, probably, lest 
they should get completely shipwrecked in 
the storm, watched their opportunity, leaped 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



107 



overboard, and made their way to another 
ship of the line ; not that they proved traitors 
to the good cause, but probably took the 
ship to which they fled to be a swift sailer, 
and a stronger ship, and thought they should 
be more safe there. What kind of a voyage 
they have had, I cannot tell. I leave them 
to give their own account of it, and return to 
the old ship, to finish up the history of the 
rest of the crew, who were resolved to re- 
main on board, sink or swim. To be short, 
then, we would say, they lived through the 
storm, and rode safe into harbor. We 
thought best to make some repairs before we 
put out again. We did so, — strengthened 
our pledge (the hull of the ship) so as to ex- 
clude the sale, as well as the use of intoxi- 
cating liquors, for in this respect it was be- 
fore deficient. We found ourselves in a bad 
fix in consequence of this deficiency ; for 
while the ship lay at anchor in the port, one 
of the crew went on shore and set up a rum 
shop near by, and we had no rule that would 
take hold of him so long as he did not drink 
himself. But the Almighty, in an awful 
manner, put a stop to his career. I may, in 
a future communication, give some account 
to your readers of the dreadful judgments of 
God upon this man, but at present I forbear 
to say further than that he is gone to the 
spirit land, leaving, in his own hand-writing, 
a most humble confession to the ship's com- 
pany of the evil he had done, and a dying 
warning to his family, enough to melt the 
hardest heart, entreating them to have nothing 
to do with any intoxicating thing. 

We close up the history of this ship to the 
present, by saying, we have put her out to 
sea again, and she now sails well. Another 
temperance ship — a very swift sailer — has 
been built during the past winter in the 
Dock (a place called by that name within the 
limits of my charge). Many of the people of 
this place have been greatly noted for their 
intemperate habits. The good work of re- 
form commenced among the drunkards them- 
selves in a very singular manner. It is the 
Lord's doings, and it is marvellous in our 
eyes. Most every one — men, women, and 
children — have gone on board the new tem- 
perance ship ; have sworn allegiance to her 
law — which is total abstinence from all in- 
toxicating drink. They now have a very 
harmonious^ pleasant crew of about 175 ; 
they hold a temperance meeting every week, 
and have done so for about three months, 
most of the time. 




BROTRER SAILOR! 
Would you be free from wo and strife ? 
Then, shipmates ! lead a Bobor life. 
Would you give joy to those you lovo ? 
Then over board old Alchy Bhove ! 
Would you at last be glad in death ? 
With rum taint not your dying breath. 
Yes, brother sailor ! it is just so. Ask your own heart if it 
isn't, and the answer will be yea. So says Jack Teetotalleh. 



The Sailor's Home, 

[CTThe able editor of the New York Baptist Advo- 
cate makes the following remarks on a late visit lie 
made to the Home, in Cherry Street. 

Our visit to this establishment, afforded all 
the gratification which the order and good 
management observed on former occasions, 
led us to anticipate. Captain Richardson, 
the gentleman who has charge of it, and his 
excellent lady, appear to be well versed in 
the character of seamen, and to understand 
the methods of pleasing the sons of the ocean, 
at the same time that they exercise over 
them a salutary restraining influence. 

There is one peculiar trait of which they 
evidently take advantage. The sailor is gen- 
erally regarded as boisterous and uncontrol- 
lable when his pockets are filled with cash, 
and he is removed from the observation of 
the officers of his vessel. Yet who hears of 
a tar disturbing public worship, or any meet- 
ing of landsmen respectably conducted? In 
truth, the seaman has a nice discernment of 
order, and whenever he is brought under its 
influence, all the training of his profession 
disposes him immediately to yield. In scenes 
of riot and disorder, he may be most riotous 
and disorderly; but let him be transferred 
to those of peace and order, and he is 
another man. It becomes his delight to 
assist in maintaining that order, especially 
if he feels that this is expected of him, and 
that lie is regarded as capable of dignified 
conduct. 

To make this plain to those who have not 
been accustomed very critically to observe 
the character and conduct of this class of 
men, and to trace the principles which influ- 
ence them ; let any one recal the fact, which 
all who have been at sea must have noticed, 
that a sailor takes the cue of his conduct for 
a voyage, from the first hour on board. He 
most readily discerns the difference between 
a lax and a strict discipline; a scene of care- 
less disorder, or a systematized plan of oper- 
ations ; and, except when very far overcome 
with liquor, readily conforms himself to the 
existing state of things. 

At the Sailor's Home, the principles al- 
luded to constitute the controlling spirit of 
the establishment. All things are conducted 
in order, and the fact strikes the sailor at the 
very moment of entrance. The aspect of the 
building, and its accommodations, at once 
exert a favorable influence over his imagina- 
tion. He esteems himself the more, because 
thought worthy of so much attention, and 
his first impulse is to show himself equal to 
the elevated position in which he is thus 
placed. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

Another Letter from the Swedish Sailor. 

Gottcnburg, the 10th of April, 1844. 
to capt. e. richardson. 
Highly Respected Sir, — 

Praised be the Lord, who gives us the 
victory, through Jesus Christ his Son ! O 
how good it is to have hope in God through 
Jesus Christ ! 

I have seen the stately steppings of the 
Lord, in my travels, the winter past ; and O, 
how impossible it is for me to praise the 
Lord, or to describe the wonders of his 
grace ! Heaven alone will be the place, and 
eternity the time where all the wonderous 
love and power of God will be somewhat told. 
Surely, no one has more reason for humilia- 
tion before God than I ; whether I look at 
my own unfaithfulness, short-comings, and 
unfitness for his work ; or at the undescriba- 
ble mercy and love wherewithall he com- 
passes me. O that I kold, as I ought, bewail 
my sins — lay deep in the dust before him 
who died for sinners — that I might be able 
to prase him more by word and hart, and 
deed. I Rejoice to know that You, and all 
the people of God in America are praying 
for me. Yes, my brother, many also in 
Sweden have at last began to pray for you in 
return, and for the spread of the Gospel of 
our Lord Jesus Christ among all nations. 

I have, this past winter, heard the fathfull 
Prayers for the heathen, and seen the poor 
widow cast in her mites. I have myself 
gathered G4 R. among the poor peasants in 
the contri last winter for the missionary 
cause. The Lord is awakening an inkresing 
desire in the harts of both ministers and 
People, to save souls both at home and 
abroad ; and although we in Swedland are 
wary Poor, So that many gifts for the cause 
are as yet small, still the fire is kindled, and, 
Glory to God ! the work will go forward. 
Pray for me, that unto me may be granted 
grace and knowlege, to akt with prudanse, 
and wisdom, as well as fathfully. We must 
expeckt persecution, however Prudently we 
will act, in this wold of wickedness. Yet 
the Lord kan speak to the raging Sea, and 
hold the winds, that he may seal his elekt. 
We have great expektations of liberty for the 
concianse under the king, wo has lately 
acended the unaited trones of Scandinavia, 
and most on this acount is it that I have con- 
cluded not to wisit America before I ferst 
have seen what the Lord is pleased to Do in 
Swedland. If it shold be persecution, oca- 
tioned thro' the government, it will be oca- 
tion for both me and others to flee to Amer- 
ika. In the mean time I find it my Duti to 
stay as long as the Lord pleases to use me as 
an unworthy means in his hand for the Souls 
which he has givin me, or almost of them wold 
be as sheeps without a shepherd, in the medst 
of wolfs. 



108 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



The Rev. Mr. Klaynsmilh, in his kindness, 
translated the report for me. I shold like 
vary much to get a good English Diktionary. 
I lak for that, I am so deficient in the Eng- 
lish langwege. But I hope to improve. 

There is now grat bessiness going on in 
Gottenburg. A great Number of Seaman 
are in port. A blessed time for sowing the 
seed of life ! May the Lord strengthen and 
lead me. 

The Lord has ben pleased to alow me the 
honour of imprisonment a few Days, for the 
testimony of Jesus. I Nead not tell You 
that I never had a happier time than the 4 
days I was in Prison. O ! how good it is to 
have given the hart holly to Jesus ! Then it 
matters not what befals the boddy. 

" V\ liile blessed with a sense of his love, 
A pallase a toy wold appear, 
And prisons would palaces prove, 
If .lesus would dwell with me there." 

The Lord has pleased to take away my 
father, aged G8. I cherish the hope that the 
Lord has plucked him as a brand from the 
burning. My younger brother is at the pres- 
ent on the brink of eternity thro' sicklies ; 
but prase the Lord ! if so, he appears to be 
Ready. I was in a family the other day 
where the mother and her daughter and son 
confessed that until they heard unworthy me 
in a (laboring willige speake of Jesus, they 
had lived without anny concern for ther 
souls. Both the mother and hear daughters 
were changed in titer harts. This happened 4 
years ago. Two months after one of the 



have bin cruhsed down by the wayt of re- 
sponcibility that is upon me. But, glory to 
God ! he gives grace acording to oure day. 
In the day tyme I wisit alternetively the was- 
sels and hording houses, distributing tracks, 
selling Bibles and speaking with the People 
as I pass along, about Repentance towards 
God and fath in the Lord Jesus Christ. In 
the afternoon and evnings I have of late had 
constant calls at my abode, of Seaman and 
others who have enquired what they must do 
to be saved. Glory be to God ! his word 
does not return vvoyd. Youre Labors of 
Love, and works of fath are not in vane. 
Brethering ! may the Lord Bless you, and 
cause you to be more abundant in Youre ef- 
forts to give the gospel and the Bible to the 
Saylors — even till- the abundance of the Se 
shall be converted unto God! Sailors heare 
are beginning to feel that they Not only have 
Souls, but that Somebody cares fore them. 
Last Sunday we had a Prayermeating. We 
ware Semen, together with a few other 
Christens from the sitty, who Joyned in 
prayer ; and we found that the Lord was 
amongst us. Seamen and ther wives are 
seen to unite to walk the Narrow rode. Cap- 
tins of wassels with several of ther kraus are 
also to be seen in Gothenburg as the follow- 
ers of him who is meak and lowly of hart, 
and have thro' him (Crist) found peace to 
there souls. 

To God be all the Glory. 

F. O. N. 
, 0?- We have preserved nearly all of the 

Jesus, exhorted her parents and relations to S "' edlsh ^'lor s phrases and spelling, as 

more calculated to be remembered by our 
readers. His letters are like the writer— fill- 
ed with a rich seasoning of heavenly orace. 

It is a source of regret that he is to defer 
his visit to this country. 



turn unto the Lord. Her last words ware, 
" I am clean, thro' the blood of Jesus ; I am 
going to him. O! that man wold prase the 
Lord for his wonders among the children of 
man — may the Lord bless you and all the 
deare Peppell of God, to whom, and especial- 
ly to thos Respeckted and beloved brothers 
in Christ that know me, please to geve my 
warmest Love and greatest respeckls — I 
Never kan forgeth you, in my feable Prayers; 
O I may You ever remember at a tron of 
grace youre most unworthy 

Brother in Christ, 

Fredrek O. Nelson. 

P. S. April the 29. 

Praiseth be the Lord! Without youre 
Christian efforts the poor Swedish Sailor 
wold as yet Lin without a compas to guide 
him over the See of life, or a beekon to warn 
him for the rocks and Sholsof Sin and ruin! 
But alas! how feeble is Not Youre unworty 
agent — h ow unfit to anser youre benavolent 
purpus! Still he tries to do what he can in 
his feable way thro' the grace of him who 
Said : " I am with you always, even unto the 
and of the world." Surely, if the Lord were 
not my strength and sheald, I wold lono- a <ro 




Letter from Elder J. 31 Buzzel. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Boston, June 25th, 1S44. 
Br. Denison : — 

Although a stranger, permit me to say, 
through the columns of your valuable paper, 
that I feel myself related to you, in a three- 
fold sense, viz : as a brother in the faith of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, as a herald of the free 
and unbounded grace and mercy of God, 
manifested to a dying world — and as co-la- 
borer in the common cause of humanity and 
universal benevolence; more especially as 
heartily engaged for the salvation of the long 
neglected class of our fellow-men (though 
by no means the less important class) the 
seamen. 

It has apparently been the prevailing opin- 
ions in Christendom, that the sailor was an 



out-cast from society, lost and beyond the 
reach of the ordinary means of grace, des- 
tituted to move only in his own peculiar lim- 
ited circle, wear away his life in sin, de- 
bauchery and wretchedness, until death should 
terminate his mortal existence, living and 
dying, in all human probability, unreformed 
and unsaved. Under the influence of this 
opinion how many parents, who appreciating 
the worth of the soul, and the potency of the 
means of grace, of which seamen are usually 
deprived — have been unwilling to consent 
that their sons should become seafaring men, 
supposing, that by so doing, they must' give 
them up as lost, spiritually if not temporally » 
But I rejoice that a brighter day has dawned 
upon the sons of the ocean. The calm and 
subduing voice of Him, who amid the fury 
of the raging tempest, said " Peace be still," 
and whose power was evinced by the instan- 
taneous quiet of the ocean's wave, and the 
silence of its roar, has been heard by those 
" That go down to the sea in ships ; th;it do 
business in great waters ; " and many of those 
who " have seen the works of the Lord and 
his wonders in the deep," hearing his peace- 
ful voice, have listened, believed and adored 
him as their Saviour and God. Much has 
already been done to reform or improve the 
morals, promote the happiness, and save the 
souls of the noble spirited seamen. Not- 
withstanding so little time has elapsed sinco. 
the first efforts were made directly in behalf 
of this class of our fellow-men, much yet 
remains to be done. The work of reform 
among the seamen has but just commenced. 
An effectual door is now opened, and, to me 
the prospect of success, in this glorious en- 
terprise, is very encouraging. 

The subject of temperance is identified 
with our enterprise. Our success, under 
God, in saving the souls of our fellow-sea- 
men, will be in proportion to the extent which 
temperance principles prevail among them. 
They are a class of people who have been 
particularly exposed to this great evil, and 
from childhood or youth they have imbibed 
habits of intemperance. 

It is now conceded by all, that men's heads 
must be free from the excitement of alcohol 
in order that their hearts may be brought 
under the sanctifying influences of divine 
grace. Hence the plain duty of every phi- 
lanthropist, who would be an efficient laborer 
in moral reform, and in saving souls is 
marked out. The banner of temperance 
must be every where unfurled. The hydra 
headed monster must be decapitated, the 
principle of total abstinence be perseveringly 
promulgated, and enforced by a strict adher- 
ance to them by the friends of the cause — 
the haunts of intemperance broken up, and 
the poor insulted sailor, who has long been 
the victim of the merciless rumsellers, be 
snatched as a brand from the burnino- set 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



109 



free, restored to sanity, health and his God. 
This being done, and the most formidable 
barrier to our success will be removed, and 
the sublime truths of the blessed gospel will 
be readily embraced, and those unhappy sea- 
men who now leave our ports for foreign 
shores, under the stupifying effects of alcohol, 
scarcely knowing whither they go, will go 
and return, like men, temperate and sane, 
sustained on their voyage, not by the decep- 
tive stimulus of alcohol, but by the calming 
influences of the religion of Jesus, — at peace 
with God and ever ready to embark for glory. 
I am happy to witness the efforts which the 
friends of seamen are making in regard to 
this subject. Much has been done already 
to roll back the black tide of intemperance, 
and many have, we trust, been saved from 
the drunkard's fate. Your wharf meetings 
seem peculiarly calculated to promote the in- 
terests of the cause. 

Many of those persons, whom you most 
desire to be present at temperance meetings, 
and who seem to avoid attending other tem- 
perance meetings at halls, &c, detained by 
awe or shame, will assemble on the wharves 
at your temperance meetings, and who, I 
humbly trust, will yet realise the amount of 
evil they are daily producing, and consider- 
ing the tremendous weight of guilt which 
will hang upon their souls forever, unless they 
repent and abandon their unhallowed traffic. 
My humble influence shall be felt on the side 
of temperance while I live. My soul is fired 
with zeal for the salvation of the noble and 
generous hearted seamen. I have consecra- 
ted soul, body and spirit to the service of 
God, and shall labor to save them from ruin. 
Let me say in conclusion, that the pros- 
pects for our new Bethel meeting, are very 
encouraging. Our beautiful airy hall is 
nearly filled on the Sabbath. 
Yours for the seamen, 

James M. Buzzell. 



THI SA&< 



Blost WOMAN'S voice ! whose aoconts mild. 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



(£J* The friends of the sailor will all be encouraged 
by the following. It is anew proof of what Christian 
ladies arc doing for the neglected mariner. 

11 Bloat tie tlint Toice now hoard alar 
O'er tho dark, rolling tica." 



P. S. I ought, in justice to my feelings, 
say something in behalf of your paper. It 
is just the paper needed, as an auxilliary, in 
carrying forward the enterprise to which it is 
judiciously devoted. Although I am now 
publisher of another religious paper, and in- 
terest would prompt me to extend its circu- 
lation, still I shall feel interested in extend- 
ing the circulation of the " Sheet Anchor," 
as all seamen, and others interested for their 
welfare, should have a paper especially de- 
voted to their cause. J. M. B. 

C?" We had the pleasure of addressing n tem- 
perance nieetinjr in Elder Bczzell's chapel last 
Sunday evening. The audience was large, and 
deeply interested in the cause of the sailor. 

Let such houses of worship be multiplied. — 
There is room for them — and more — and we re- 
joice that the good work is progressing so as to 
require them. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

Sixth Annual Report 

Of the LADIES' SEAMEN'S FRIEND SOCIETY, 
Saxonville, Mass. 

Another year has passed, and on this our 
sixth Anniversary occasion, we would look- 
back and review the past, and in presenting 
this our Annual Report, feel that we have 
great reason for gratitude for the good degree 
of interest that has been manifested by the 
members of this Society, in their uniform 
and constant attendance on all its meetings. 

Six years since a few individuals who felt 
a deep interest in the cause of seamen, form- 
ed themselves into a society for the purpose 
of obtaining information in regard to the 
character and condition of the sailor, and 
what might be done for his benefit. 

The number of those who compose this 
Society have increased, and the interest felt 
has been a growing and permanent one. — 
Something has been done from year to year 
to assist in providing religious instruction, 
and other means of improvement and eleva- 
tion to those who have formerly been left to 
wander abroad without any to care for their 
souls. 

Although it is not our privilege to report 
any particular facts as the immediate fruits 
of our efforts and prayers, it is encourao-ino- 
to learn, as we often do, that God is doino- 
wonders among this interesting portion of 
our fellow men, and of the influence of re- 
ligious instruction communicated by means 
ol those who are associated together for the 
benefit of sailors. 

Forty-nine dollars have been forwarded 
by this society to the American Seamen's 
Friend Society, twenty dollars of which was 
to constitute a life membership, and twenty- 
five dollars to procure a library for seamen, 
which was placed on board of a ship, and 
which, we trust, has been followed by the 
prayers of many a Christian heart that its 
good influence may be felt by all who may 
have access to it. Twenty dollars were ap- 
propriated to assist in building a chapel at 
Havre. Twenty dollars have also been for- 
warded to the Seamen's Friend Society at 
Boston, to constitute a life membership of 
that Society. 

Let us in view of the cheering intelligence 
which we are from time to time receiving 
and of the command "cast thy bread upon 
the waters and thou shalt find it again after 



many days," persevere in our efforts and 
prayers that the abundance of the sea may 
be converted to God ; and may he so bless 
our labors that we may all meet at last, to- 
gether, with many sons of the ocean who 
have been saved through our instrumentality, 

in heaven. ^ T ,, „ „ , 

Eliza J. H. Ripley, Sec y. 

Saxonville, Mass. 1844. 



THI TOOTH. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 



Different kinds of Ships. 

In " Three Months at Sea," the following 
conversation takes place between a father 
and his little son : 

" Papa," said Philip, " I am sure I should 
be much puzzled to remember the names of 
all the different kinds of ships, and what they 
are each like ; for when we were in the 
Thames, I noticed such a great variety ! " 

" 1 am not going to give you a long list of 
names, Philip, for I shall only mention a few 
of the most common, and those which are 
easily distinguished. But I must tell you, 
that the word ship is not a proper term to be 
applied to all sorts of vessels: it should only 
be used when speaking of one with three 
masts. First, then, there is the cutter, the 
smallest of all decked vessels : it has one 

mast, and one large, irregular-sided sail " 

• " Like a trapezium, papa, with four unequal 
sides ? " 

" Yes, Philip; I am glad you remembered 
that. These cutters are generally very fast 
sailers, and are employed in pursuing smua- 
glers. One inconvenience attending them is, 
that, owing to the press of sail which they 
carry, they heel-to so much, as the sailors 
would say, that they are gunwale under water, 
and sometimes part of the deck as well ; but 
the hatchways are tightly fastened down, to 
keep the water out of the cabin, and the men 
do not mind wetting themselves." 

" Papa, will you tell me what you mean by 
the gunwale?" asked Philip. 

"It is the edge of the vessel; and the 
hatchways, I suppose you know, are the cov- 
erings of the cabins." 

" O, yes ; I have often heard the sailors 
use that word. But go on, if yon please." 

" The sloop is a larger vessel thaii the cut- 
ter, though it has but one mast ; they are 
rigged in various ways. The schooner, and 
the brig, or brigantine, are two-masted ves- 
sels ; but the brig is generally the larger. 
The name of brigantine is often given to a 
light, flat, open vessel, with ten or fifteen oars 
on each side, carrying sails, and capable of 
containing one hundred men. The rowers 
are soldiers, who keep their muskets under 
the benches, ready for immediate use. They 
are much used by the pirates, or brigand*, 



110 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



who infest the Mediterranean, and from 
them the name of brigantinc was derived. — 
A ship, as I have told you before, has three 
masts." 

"Yes!" cried Philip, in a tone of exultation, 
" like our good and gallant ship the Lotus, 
which flies along over the waves with her tall 
and towering masts, and her white sails spread 
to the wind." 

" Bravo, my boy ! " exclaimed the captain, 
who had been for some time striding up and 
down the deck, apparently in deep thought, 
from which Philip's animated words had 
roused him. " Bravo, my boy ! So you ad- 
mire my ship, do you?" 

" Yes, sir," replied Philip ; and he blushed 
at having thus called the captain's attention 
to himself. 

"Well, I hope she will bear you safely across 
the ocean, that's all ; 'tis a good ship that 
brings us safe to land, you know," said the 
captain, pursuing his walk. 

" Then," continued Mr. Grey, " are all 
the various kinds of war vessels, from the 
small, light cutter, to the great man-of-war, 
in which is displayed all the skill and inge- 
nuity of man." 

" First-rate line-of-battle ships carry from 
one hundred to one hundred and twenty guns ; 
they have three decks or floors. On the 
lowest of these are placed the largest guns, 
which are called forty-two pounders, because 
that is the weight of the balls which they 
carry. On the middle deck are the twenty- 
four pounders, and twelve and six pounders 
are placed on the upper decks. 

" These very large vessels require about 
eight hundred and fifty men to manage them, 
iucluding officers, marines and sailors. 

" A second-rate ship carries ninety guns, 
and a third-rate from sixty-four to eighty. — 
These are all called ships of the line, because, 
during an engagement, they form the line of 
battle. 

" All under this size are called frigates ; 
they are usually placed in the rear, or behind 
the ships of the line, during the fight, where 
they wait to receive the admiral's orders. — 
They are built for quick sailing, and carry 
from twenty to fifty guns." 

" Thank you papa, for your descriptions, 
which I hope to remember." 




J^-The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 



are invited to represent themselves and be 
represented in the Convention. 

The Sailor's Magazine, and other papers 
friendly to the objects proposed, will please 
copy this notice, and continue it until the 
time of meeting. 

Rev. Enoch Mudge, 

This venerable preacher to seamen has re- 
tired from the chaplaincy at New Bedford. — 
His farewell discourse was preached to a 
large congregation in Rev. Mr. Jackson's 
church. 

Father Mudge is succeeded by Rev. Mo- 
ses Howe. May the blessing of the sailor's 
God be upon them both ! 



Language of the* Ships. 

*• O'er the glad waves, like a child of the sun, 

See, the tall vessel goes gallantly on ; 

Poll to the breeze she unbosoms her sail, 

And her pennon streams onward, like hope in the gale ! 

The winds come around ber in murmur and song, 

And the surges rejoice as they bear her along. 

See, she looks up to the golden-edged clouds, 

And the sailor sings gayly aloft in the shrouds; 

Onward she glides, amid ripple and spray, 

Over the waters, — away and away !" 



All Hands, Ahoy! 

We had a word with old subscribers in our 
last number about overhauling their log books. 
Presuming that they have done it, we send 
the Sheet Anchor out this voyage with a 
pretty full cargo of bills. They are consign- 
ed, in good order and well-conditioned, to 
the frieqds of the sailor. We expect to hear 
forthwith from the consignees. 

Agents and others will observe, by looking 
at the end of each bill, that post masters are 
authorized, by law, to remit money for mail 
subscribers free of expense. No one need 
wait, therefore, for any other opportunity. — 
Send at once, at our risk. 

All hands, ahoy ! then. Which agent and 
subscriber shall we have the pleasure of hear- 
ing from first ? 

Searaens' Chaplains' Convention. 

By invitation of the Managers of the Bal- 
timore Union Bethel Society, a Convention 
of preachers to seamen, and the friends of 
the sailor's cause, will be held in that city, 
on Wednesday, October 30th, at 10, A. M. 

The objects of the Convention are the 
following : 

1. To make the preachers to seamen bet- 
ter acquainted with each other. 

2. To urge the claims of the seamen's 
cause on the attention of the American 
people. 

3. To aid in establishing new Bethel sta- 
tions — in protecting the Sabbath from prct 
fanation— in sustaining and commencing good 
boarding houses for seamen — in promoting 
piety, temperance, and useful knowledge 
among our sea-faring fellow citizens in this 
country and throughout the world. 

Preachers to seamen, of all denominations, 
societies devoted to the cause of the sailor, 
and the friends of that cause every where, 



J)^The following appropriate hymn wns 6llng at the lale 
anniversary of the N. York B. Female Bethel Union. Extracts 
from the able report of the Society are in type, and will appear 
in the next Sheet Anchor : 

The Sailor's Cry. 

By Mrs. O. H. PUTNAM. 
Tune — "From Greenland's icy mountains." 

From many a noble vessel 
That plows the mountain wave ; 

From many a throng'd fore-castle. 
Where crowds the reckless brave; 

From many a gallant whaler 
That lies a hopeless wreck ; 

Where clings the dying sailor 
To spar, or mast, or deck ; — 

From darker scenes of evil 
That meet him on the shore ; 

Where vice and ruin revel 
At many an open door — 

The seamen's cry is sounding 
Loudly in every ear; 

The Christian landsmen rousing 
To bring salvation near. 

Shall we who dwell securely, 
At ease upon the land, 

And taste the blessings freely 
That rise on every hand. 

Shall we forget the sailor 
Who plows for us the deep, 

And for the landsman's favor 
Their anxious vigils keep? 

Shall we, who feast so richly 
On Zion's choicest stores; 

For whom so full and freely 
She opens all her doors ; 

Withhold in cruel hardness, 
The help we might extend, 

And to his spirit's sadness, 
The news of peace not send T 

Shall Scotland's fearless daughter 
The stormy ocean brave 

When kindly nature taught her 
The Bailor's life to save ; 

While Zion's daughters suffer 
His precious soul to sink, 

And move not to deliver 
From ruin's fearful brink 7 

Oh ! for the Spirit's fire 
To warm each christian heart ; 

A gracious zeal inspire, 
And love divine impart! 

Then shall the song of gladness 
From Bethel temples rise ; 

And hearts which mourned in sadness. 
Send praises to the skies. 
New York, June 17, 1844. 






SHEET ANCHOR 



111 










THE SONG. 

The Voice of Poetry: the Voioe of the Sea. 

Lesson of the Sea. 

Go down unto the sea, 

Where white winged navies ride, 
Whose mighty pulses heave so free, 

In strong, mysterious tide : 
Within whose coral cells, 

Where sunless forests creep, 
So many a wandering child of earlh 

Hath laid him down to sleep. 

Go forth unto the sea, 

And at the break of morn, 
Teach its young waves the words of prayer 

Before the day is born — 
And when the night grows dim, 

Beguile the billows wild. 
With the holy hush of thine evening hymn, 

As the mother lulls her child. 

Go — bow thee to the sea — 

When the booming breakers roar, 
And a meek-hearted listener be, 

To all their fearful lore — 
And learn, where tempests lower, 

Their lesson from the wave — 
" One voice alone can curb our power, 

One arm alone can save." 

Go— homeward, from the sea — 

When its trial hour is past, 
With deeper trust in Him who rules 

The billow and the blast — 
And when the charms of earlh 

Around thy bosom creep, 
Forget not, in thy time of mirlh, 

The wisdom of the deep. 

TSI LOCKER. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 
NAVAL. 

The United States Frigate Hudson, ad- 
vertised to be sold in New York, on Saturday 
last, was bought in by the government for 
$5000. $4500 was bid by a gentleman from 
Hudson, who designed to keep her as a relic, 
moored off the city of his residence. 



the British and 



Comparative Pat 
American Navt. — 

Per annum. 
Captain, second rate, 
Captain, fourth rate, 
Commanders, 
Lieutenants, 7 years, 
Lieutenants, 
Mates, 
Midshipmen, 
Gunners, &c, average, 
Seamen, ration included, 



The Western Harbor Bill, containing an 
appropriation of $20,000, for continuing the works 
in the harbor of Oswego, has received the signa- 
ture of the president, and become a law. 



British Navy. 


American do 


$3,350 


$3,500 


2,393 


2,500 


1,447 


2,300 


951 


1,800 


874 


1,800 


312 


750 


149 7« 


700 


e, 490 


680 


led, 106 


144 



Port of Boston. — Arrivals and Clearances 
during the month of June : 

Arrivals. — 14 ships, 30 barks, 145 brigs, 611 
schooners, 21 sloops ; total 821. Foreign, 9 ships, 
16 barks, 64 brigs, and 147 schooners ; total 236. 
Coastwise, 5 ships, 14 barks, 81 brigs, 464 schrs. 
and 21 sloops ; total 575. 

Of the above, 4 bark3, 14 brigs, 124 schooners, 
were British; 1 brig Sicilian; 1 bark Prussia; 1 
brig Dutch; 1 brig Hamburg ; and the remainder 
American. 

Clearances. — 25 ships, 37 barks, 120 brigs, 299 
schooners, 9 sloops ; total 490. Foreign, 6 ships, 
21 barks, 39 brigs, and 135 schooners ; total 201, 
Coastwise, 19 ships, 16 barks, 81 brigs, 164 schrs. 
and 9 sloops ; total 289. 

Of the above, 5 barks, 12 brigs, 127 schooners 
were British ; 1 brig Prussian ; and the remainder 
American. 

QJ* The United States Revenue Cutter Ham- 
ilton, Capt. Sturgis, has recently undergone ex- 
tensive repairs and alterations in her hull, and 
had her rigging re-fitted. She is as swift as an 
arrow, and as neat as a pin. 

£5" Our friend Capt. Storgis rocoives the following "lift" 
from the New Bedford Mercury : 

Josiah Storgis, Esq., U.S. Revenue Service, 
formerly in the revenue service on this station, 
now in command of the Hamilton, at Boston, ar- 
rived here by the Railroad yesterday morning 
and was greeted with hearty welcome by his 
numerous friends at every step during his brief 
visit, until the departure of the afternoon train. 
The captain has apparently thrown off at least 
some half a score of years since his former resi- 
dence among us, and instead of the veteran ap- 
pearance to which his long and honorable service 
has entitled him, might well be mistaken as per- 
haps the junior officer in commission. 

fjy The establishment of Simon Willard, Jr., 
in Congress Street, has furnished an elegant 
chronometer, made at Paris, by Motel, a celebrat- 
ed artisan. It is a present to Captain H. W. 
Peabody, who formerly commanded the ship Con- 
stitution, belonging to W. V. Kent, of this city, 
from Insurance offices in Paris and Havre — and 
is a testimony of their respect for his character. 
Accompanying the chronometer were one thous- 
and dollars. To each of his officers who were 
present with him on this occasion, the Insurance 
Offices gave a valuable sextant and circle, of su- 
perior workmanship. 

Shortest Passage from California. — The ship 
California, Capt. Arther, which arrived at Boston 
on Sunday, the 30th ult., sailed from San Diego, 
March 6, thus accomplishing the voyage in one 
hundred and fifteen days. The shortest previous 
passage was that of the brig Pilgrim, Capt. Fau- 
con, in 118 days. 

3^ Dr. Devan and lady, missionaries of the 
Baptist church, sailed week before last from New 
York, in the bark Valparaiso, for Canton. Inter- 
esting religious exercises were held or board the 
ship by Rev. Dr. Cone and others. Mrs. Devan 
is the daughter of David Hale, Esq., of the Jour- 
nal of Commerce. 



A Deed wortht oe Record. — As the steamer 
Worcester was nearing the wharf at New Lon- 
don, on Saturday, a poor woman, one of the deck 
passengers, accidentally stepped from the gang- 
way and fell overboard, when Hezekiah Story, 
the second mate of the Worcester, without hes- 
itation plunged in and succeeded in keeping her 
above water for some minutes, until both were 
rescued from their perilous situation. 



The number of arrivals at Philadelphia from 
foreign ports this year, up to the present time, is 
203, bringing 2,274 passengers — of whom more 
than half have arrived the present month. 

Massacre. — We learn from the New Bedford 
Mercury, that an arrival at that port brings intel- 
ligence that the British frigate Cleopatra having 
got ashore on a reef on the coast of Madagascar, 
one of her boats, with an officer and thirteen 
men, sent to carry out a stream anchor, was at- 
tacked by the natives, and eight of them were 
killed, including the lieutenant. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

Dover, June 19, 1314. 
Safety Beacon for the Goodtvin Sands. — This day the 
Trinity Buoy steam yatch towed off to its station on the 
Goodwin Sands, a stupendous safety beacon. The bea- 
con is intended not only to be a guide to mariners, but 
also a place of refuge for the crews of vessels cast away 
on the fatal Goodwin. 



The Collector of Edgartown advertises that the Light 
Ship on Tuckernuck Shoal will be removed for repairs 
on the lath of August. 

MEMORANDA. 
Missing Vessel. — Brig Mary, of Portland, Allen G. 
York, master, sailed from Cienfuegos, about May 19, for 
Boston, since which time nothing has been heard of her. 
The following is a list of her crew as registered at Port- 
land, April -1, the date of her clearance for Cuba, viz :— 
Lewis Gordon, mate, of Portland, aged 23 ; James Cole, 
uf Saco, 41 ; George Joule of Freeport, 23 ; Josiah Hus- 
sey, of Nantucket, 2G ; Jesse Fritz, of New Orleans, 20; 
Antonio Cook, of Nantz, Franee, 24 ; Peter Blyden, col- 
ored, of Salem, 42. Capt. York's wife was a passenger. 

DISASTERS AT SEA. 

Brig Washington, at New York, June 13, lat. 48' 5°, 
long. 38° 2tj', passed a brig with no masts standing, hav- 
ing on her stern "Prince Albert, P. A. B., Halifax ;"' 
abandoned, appeared to have been in that situation but 
a few days. 

Fell overboard and was drowned, 7lh ult., from ship 
Ambassador, on her passage from Liverpool to New 
York, Richard Wallace, seaman, of Boston. 

The Wreck or the Grampus. — Captain Taber, of 
the whaling ship Montpelier, which arrived at New Bed- 
ford on Wednesday, reports that on theSGth of June, the 
Bermuda Islands bearing W. N. W. distant five leagues, 
he fell in with a vessel bottom up, or nearly so, having 
the appearance of a 20 gun schooner, foremast gone, 
mainmast and bowsprit remaining, apparently nearly new. 
Her copper appeared good ; part of the false keel and 
port shutters gone ; and had apparently been in that sit- 
uation five or six months. The wreck was doubtless 
that of the U. S. schooner Grampus, which was last 
heard from, we believe, off the Bermudas. 

Brig Tuscar, Lovell, hence for New Orleans, while in 
tow up the Mississippi, 2d, inst., struck a snag a skort 
distance below the English Turn. The brig was soon 
after found to be in a sinking condition, and run into 
the bank, where she sunk to her decks. The snag made 
a hole in her bottom, to what extent cannot be ascertain- 
ed, but from her present situation, it is supposed she 
may be raised without receiving material damage. 



112 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



A MODERN ROBISSOK CRUSOE. 




The above is a view of the plantation of Mr. Mazzara, at the Bonin Islands. For a more particular description, gee a verj 
interesting book published by J. V. Pierce, 32 Cornhill, Boston, called the " Voice of Adventure." 




The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
pat it asunder. 



In this city, Mr. Georck \V. Woolvfrton, of 
Cleveland, Ohio, lo Miss Sarah S. Tat lor, of Boston. 

In Tisbury, Mr. Francis 1\yk, Jr., to Miss Mary P. 
daughter of Capt. Ch irles Downes. 

In Kittery, Me., (.'opt. William Mitchell to Miss 
Sarah Sfawarus. 




THB LAST VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea 7 

In this city, 2d inst., Miss Maria Corillard, aged 
25 years. 

At Baker's Island, 9th inst., Mr. James L. Martin, 
branch pilot of the port of Salem, aged 31 years. 

In M.irshfield, 3d inst. Cant. Jacob Smith, well 
known as a ship master of the old school. 

In Middle-borough, Capt. Humphrey Alden, aged 
8? years. 

In. Hartford, Conn., 14-th ult., Capt. Ai.rert Fran- 
CIS, aged 35 years, of steam schooner Seneca. 

On board whale ship Elizabeth, of Salem, in July, 
1813. Ivory Hutchins, of Saco, Me., aged 18 years. 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rev. SILAS BMLKY. GEORGE L. COBURN. 
" DANIEL WISE. 

Committee 

For Gratuitous Distribution among Seamen. 

Rev. CHARLES W. DENISON, Sheet Anchor Office. 

Rev. E. T. TAYLOR, North Square Bethel. 

Rev. D. M. LORD, Purchase .Street Bethel. 

Rev. J. M. BUZZEL, Chaplain of the new Seamen's 
Bethel, over Quincy Market. 

MOSES GRANT, Esq... Cambridge Street. 

Rev. SETH BLISS, Tract Depository, Cornhill. 
" VV. II. TAPPAN, American S. S. Union Deposi- 
tory, Cornhill. 

Dea. T. THWING, City Missionary. 96 Washington St. 

BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS, Esq , Atkins' Wharf. 

Rkv. WILLIAM HOWE, chapel, corner of Kriend and 
Deacon Streets. 

Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 
of Hanover and Prince Streets, Boston. 

Capt. T. V. SULLIVAN, 
General Agent for collecting funds for this 
object. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street; Rev. Henry Chase, 18b' Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
1. R. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot, of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev. G. W. Bourne, Fore Street, near Ex- 
change Street. 

Huston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord ; Bethel Church, North Square, Rev. E. T. Taylor. 
'■ Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Uenisnn, 
Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. Elder J. M. 
Bu/.zell, over Qui uc v Market. 

Sxlem. Chapel. Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton 

A'eio Bedford Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark. N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Ret. 
O. Douglass. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Philpot St., Rev. H. Best. 



Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev. 
W. 15. Yates. 
Alexandria, D. C. The resident Clergy. 
Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 
Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 
Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 
Oswego. Rev. F. Pierce. 
Rocketts, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-HOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Boa- I 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 1 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- I 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William l 
Brodhead, 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington I 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. I 
John Brown, corner of Meet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Quin, Jr., No. 18 North Bennet' Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Lancdon 
Place. 

Daviii Chaffin, 77.J Commercial Street. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Uojmer, No. • 
51 North Market Street. 

Mrs Street, 2C9 Ann Street. 

A. ('lark, 4 North Square. 

Salem. Ehenezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mra. 
Greenkaf. Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland, Me.' — Seamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Plnpps, Seamen's Mansion. 

A'eio York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea. 
men's Friend Society. No. 190, Cherry Street, bctweea 
Market and Pike Streets. 

Capt. Roland Gelston. No. 320, Pearl Street. 

Other Boarding-Houses in New York City. John 
Mcl.ellan, IS! Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St.; Thomas J.Watkins. G7 Cherry Street. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by VV. P. 
Powell. 61 Cherry Street. 

Providence, K. I. Seamen's Temperance Home,9J 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. Cant. Hamilton, 23 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Alyers, corner Mar- 
ket and Row Streets. Spring Hill 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home. (Eastbnrn House. )No. 
10, Lombardy Street, near Front Street Sam'l Room. 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Society. 

Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
sts.. by IVm Hammond, under thecare ol the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street, 
Cam. Halcolm. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thamesj 
Street, Fell's Point. 

Alexandria, D. C. Sailor's Home, by John Robinson. 



If (pur^c 




" Which hope we have 



as an anchor of the soul." 



JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. 



: REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1844. 



No. 16. 



[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS HOW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANE 

to HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays f every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A TEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
time proportion for larger numbers. 

AGENTS. 
SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: 



KEEPERS OF SAILORS' HOMES. J 

SCr See list of names on last page 



SEE LAST PAGE. 



HI STORY. 

"Wonders in the deep." 



Log of a Sailor. 

BY W. R. BLISS. 

But the gale still increased, and I went on 
Heck to. view the magnificently grand and im- 
posing spectacle of old ocean lashed to mad- 
ness. It was an ominously dark night, but 
notwithstanding, could be distinctly seen, 
through the grim obscurity, the flashes of 
the breaking, foam-crested waves— the huge 
-massive billows, like mountains, tremendous- 
ly swelling and towering high, then tumbling, 
"foaming, roaring, flashing under our beam, 
scattering their cold glittering spray upon 
the decks, just as their fall upon us seemed 
inevitable; and then bearing us on high that 
we might look down into the deep gulfs and 
Aasms yawning and boiling beneath us.— 
The shrill startling shrieks of the blast play- 
ing among the rigging; the sharp slatting of 
small ropes against the spars and shrouds ; 
the hoarse, portentous bowlings of the wind] 
and the fierce patterings and furious drivings 
of the snow and sleet ; the heavy groanings 
and sad creakings of the beams and bulk- 
leads; the constant dismal clanking of the 
pumps;- together with the whole appearance 
»f the maddened expanse above and around, 
all conspired to present a scene of terrific 
[grandeur and sublimity, no where equalled. 



As daylight broke on Monday morning, 
no indications of an abatement of the gale 
appeared, but the wind became more furious 
and unsteady — sometimes blowing as if it 
would carry us away in air, then dying off in 
such sudden lulls, as to roll us up to wind- 
ward, where we were most dangerously ex- 
posed to the seas which swept on board, 
deluging the decks with brine, and threat- 
ening to tear us in pieces. All night the 
storm continued without cessation, and a 
night of fearful anxiety was that which suc- 
ceeded. 

Tuesday morning came, and yet no abate- 
ment. We had now become so lumbered up I 
with Ice, on decl.s and aloft, that it would 
have been almost impossible to work the ship. I 
The fire had been several times washed out 
of the galley, and many of the cooking uten- 
sils also. At noon we shipped a tremendous 
sea, that burst out the bulwarks on the lee 
side, and taking up four large casks of water, 
that were strongly lashed to the deck, after 
toying them about in the scuppers, tossed 
them over the rail as though they had been 
empty bubbles. Another sea striking us aft 
washed away the stern boat, and others as 
daring, did more or less damage. Tuesday 
night closed upon us, and left us as it had 
found us, with no appearance of abatement 
in the gale. It was a sleepless night, and as 
I lay in my damp berth, following the rollings 
and plungings of the ship, I was constantly 
aroused from the stupor and drowsiness that 
I could not drive away, by the eager inquiries 
of the master, as the officer of the watch 
came in regularly to report. " Does it mod- 
erate yet ?" and his disheartening response, 
" No, sir, it blows harder than ever !" Then, 
how vividly came thoughts of home and 
friends ; how little could they dream of our 
situation, as we lay that night, tossed about 
like a freighted egg-shell, at the sole mercy 
of the winds and waves. 

Wednesday morning — how thankful were 



all that the fury of the gale had begun to di , 
minish.' The men were sent aloft to clear j 
the ice from the running riggino- i n order to ' 
get the ship before the wind as soon as pos- I 



sible, and we were soon flying under the 
"goose-wing" of the foresail, at a fearful 
rate, with an angry sea fretting and tumbling 
in wild confusion after us. Night coming 
on and the wind again freshening, we once 
more hove to with ( the close reefed trysail, 
under which the little brig lay like a storm 
bird, gracefully yielding to the swelling seas 
and shaking herself grandly as she arose 
from the embrace of one more affectionate 
than the others. 

Thursday morning. We again run before 
the gale into the gulf stream, (which had 
been to the southward of us,) where the warm 
temperature of the atmosphere quickly freed 
us from the vast quantity of ice by which wl 
had been encumbered. Gradually the force 
of the wind diminished, and gradually was 
reef after reef turned out, and before night 
topgallant sails sheeted home. 

Friday morning beheld a most grateful 
company, thankful for their preservation from 
the danger they had escaped, and for the fair 
wind that now filled every sail. Such was my 
first initiation into the dominions of old Nep- 
tune, and made an impression on my mind 
that I shallot be likely to forget. Our cook 
and steward, a representative of the ebony- 
race, suffered severely from the cold. He is 
a very superstitious fellow, and when called 
with all hands to the pumps during the height 
of the gale, felr-upon his knees on the deck 
and commenced wailing and moaning in a 
most melancholy manner— nor would he stir 
from his position till taken by force and 
thrust into the cabin, where his lamentations 
were soon silenced by the passengers— and, 
complaining of a pain in his fingers, he stole 
into his berth below. 

Saturday morning. One week at sea: 
and when I look back and think of how much 
we have seen and gone through in that space, 
it spreads itself into many weeks. Investi- 
gations are made as to the extent of damage 
to the ship. She is found to have been very 
much strained, and begins to leak badly, and 
we have before us the Atlantic, to cross in a 
vessel leaking from three to five hundred 
strokes an hour. 






122 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



Temperance on the Atlantic. 

The New York Organ publishes a letter 
from Samuel Syms, a reformed man who has 
gone to England to visit his friends. He 
states that when six days out from New York, 
on board the ship Ashburton, he was called 
on to address a temperance meeting, and that 
nine persons signed the pledge. " One gen- 
tleman from New York signed, and then 
threw his brandy overboard." Two meet- 
ings were subsequently held, and four more 
signatures obtained. Mr. Syms says, " The 
remainder of the passage was any thing but 
pleasant, I can assure you ; for the rum-sell- 
ing .gentlemen from New York, and their 
drinking companions, used every means in 
their power to annoy me, but I paid no atten- 
tion to them, and they were looked upon 
with contempt by nine out of ten on board." 



in staggering along towards home in the 
night, was brought to a full stop by the 
shadow of a sign post, which he firmly be- 
lieved it impossible to get over. 

The New Orleans Picayune mentions a 
case of equal extravagance. A chap the 
other night, who had caught the largest kind 
of a "turkey," while visiting the different 
bar-rooms, fancied himself one of Ericsson's 
patent propellers, and went down and jump- 
ed into the Mississippi to ascertain how he 
would work. 

Swallowing the Evidence. 



A European Temperance Ship. 

The first whaler ever equipped at the free 
city of Hamburg, left that port sometime in 
May last, for the South Seas. This vessel, 
called the Anseat, measures about 650 tons. 
All of the crew had entered into a formal en- 
gagement to abstain, during the entire voyage, 
from every species of spititous liquors, on 
condition of receiving two rations a day of 
coffee. A very small quantity of brandy and 
wine was taken on board, to be administered 
only as a medicine, and in pursuance of ex- 
press directions from the physician. 

It seems that temperance is of paramount 
importance on board of whaling ships, for it 
is proved by reliable statistics, that nine- 
tenths of the disasters that have befallen 
Danish and Swedish whalers, have resulted 
from the use of spiritous liquors by their 
crews. 

Follies of Drunkenness. 



An exchange tells the following laughable 
anecdotes. We have laughed over them till 
our sides ached : — Some writer tells the story 
of a drunken crew of sailors,' who, hearing 
the winds roar in the house in which they 
happened to be carousing, became so fully 
persuaded that they were on board a ship 
and in danger of shipwreck, that they threw 
all the furniture out of the windows, under 
the idea that they were lightening the ship. 

A drunken man has been known to whip 
a post, because it would not get out of his 
way ; and an old gentleman of eighty, when 
intoxicated, mistook a lamp-post for a lady, 
and addressed it in the impassionate language 
of love. We once heard of a very respectable 
gentleman, who occasionally got fuddled, and 



An anecdote is related of Judge Peters, of 
Philadelphia, which is altogether " too good 
to be lost." 

Here it is : Complaint was made to the 
judge, in behalf of a crew of a vessel who 
had made a voyage to some port in Russia, 
that they had been furnished with bad pro- 
visions. While the counsel for the seamen 
was arguing the cause, one of them stepped 
forward and drawing from his pocket a piece 
of bread the color of brown soap, presented 
it to his honor as a specimen of their fare. 
To those accustomed to fine wheaten loaves, 
it appeared disgusting indeed, and the by- 
standers, one and all, cried shame! to fill 
men's stomachs with such unwholesome ali- 
ment. The judge applied the bread to his 
nose, and finding nothing in it offensive to 
his olfactory nerves, was tempted to taste it ; 
he nibbled a little piece, it tasted well, and 
he took a large bite. The counsel proceed- 
ed at much length, though the dinner hour 
was fast approaching ; and as he rounded the 
periods, the judge nibbled around the black 
biscuit until no more remained. At this 
moment the sailor stepped up, and with a 
countenance in which was depicted real dis- 
tress, said, " why, you have eaten my best 
witness." Said the lawyer, "I have been 
remarking that the judge has been sicallow- 
ing the evidence as well as the law." " Never 
mind," replied his honor, as if awakened 
from a dream, " I am better able to digest 
your cause." So saying, he rose, and order- 
ing the libel to be dismissed, went home to 
dinner. 



under water — the fins and tail of a huge 
shark were raised above, and splashing for a 
few moments only, left the surface again 
clear. I saw nothing but a crimson stain of 
blood, and a hat floating at a short distance. 
Not a cry was uttered, it was so sudden. — 
Again the splashing of the shark occurred — 
another was seen to seize the hat — the boats 
reached the spot, but too late — scores of fish 
were leaping about for the torn pieces of the 
poor sailor. The captain and many others 
were spectators of the whole dreadful scene, 
and yet we could render no assistance. 

Such is the fate of many a mariner, when assailed by 
the sharks of the sea. But what shall we say of his suf- 
ferings by the sharks of the land ? The sea-shark can 
only kill the body. The land-shark kills both body and 
soul. The sea-shark uses his jaws on his victim. The 
land-shark uses the glass of rum. Shipmates ! which 
is the worst 1 Look out for both of them, we say. 



A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



A Terrific Scene. 

A letter published in the Boston Mercantile Journal 
written on boardthe U. S. ship Saratoga, relates the fol- 
lowing terrible incident : 



I have now a very sad, a horrible thing to 
re l a t e — an accident which happened about 
two hours ago. The captain's gig was just 
rounding to by our quarter, when the cox- 
swain, by straining upon the tiller too hard, 
broke it, and he fell overboard. At the cry 
of " man overboard!" I jumped on deck, and 
saw him rise and swim toward the ship. In 
a few seconds more he suddenly disappeared 



Books for the Sea. 

At the last meeting of the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, Rev Mr. Rogers, of 
Boston, offered and supported the following 
resolution : 

Resolved, That the church of Christ is bound to fur- 
nish the sailor with a Christian literature. 

To be always receiving, he remarked, and 
never making returns, accords neither with 
the dictates of nature, or of grace. We have 
ever been receiving at the hands of sailors 
what has added to our comfort and given us 
superior sources of improvement and enjoy- 
ment ; and yet for this we have rendered but 
a meagre return. It is time that we adopted 
a more just and liberal policy. In support 
of his resolution he urged two considerations. 
1. They are capable of being effected by 
literature. 2. They can be religiously af- 
fected by a Christian literature. 

What is literature, he inquired, but the his- 
tory of man, his feelings and opinions spread 
out on paper t If now man has the power of 
affecting man, then the literature that man 
originates, has the power of affecting man. 
And sailors have their literature. It is true 
he is not acquainted with the names and 
works of Johnson, Cowper, and Irving ; but 
in his library will be found the "Pirate's 
Own Book," " Remarkable Shipwrecks," 
and volumes of that description. He has his 
poets and his songs, not indeed from the 
banks of Helicon, nor chastened by the re-j 
fining influence of Christian virtue ; but it 
is the poetry of lust, of war, and of dissipa- 
tion. And the sailor is greatly affected by 
the influence which this kind of literature 
exerts upon him, and his whole character and 
experience reveals the power of that influ- 
ence. If then he can be thus affected by 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



123 



such a literature, it is reasonable to suppose 
that he can be religiously affected by a Chris- 
tian literature. Let us try the experiment. — 
Send Baxter, and Doddridge, and Bunyan, to 
sea; their triumph on sea shall equal, if not 
exceed their success on the land. He illus- 
trated this by a somewhat minute reference 
to the mutineers of the " Bounty," who, hav- 
ing risen on their officers, took possession of 
the ship, and finally landed on Pitcairn's 
Island, where, from the influence of jeal- 
ousies, they soon reduced their number to 
four. Of this crew, was John Adams, 
who, although numbered among the muti- 
neers, soon formed the design of governino- 
his community on principles and rules, which 
he found in a solitary Bible, which the prov- 
idence of God had unexpectedly preserved 
among them. His attempts were successful ; 
his little company soon yielded to the influ- 
ence of that sacred book ; they became chaste, 
temperate and virtuous ; and what is more 
wonderful still, as we hope, truly pious. So 
that when many years after, that island was 
visited by some English ships, it was found 
to be a praying community. Whence this 
change 1 he inquired. From the influence 
of the Christian literature of the Bible. — 
Here the speaker produced quite a sensation 
in the audience, by showing them the identi- 
cal Bible that had produced all this change. 
"The gilt of its leaves is worn," he said ; 
" the salt water has soiled its pages, and the 
worms have made inroads on its cover ; it has 
girdled the globe in its voyages, but yet it 
contains within itself the power of God, and 
the wisdom of God, to the promotion of man's 
best interests both for time and eternity." 

0" The following, from Rev. E. Noyes, formerly a 
missionary in the East, now preaching to a congregation 
in one of the Hulls of Marlboro' Chapel, is a true de- 
scription of the valuable institution at Chelsea. The 
oiher Hospitals are doubtless equally deserving. 

Ed. S. Anchor. 

To the Editor of the Morning Star. 

Seamen's Hospital, Chelsea, 

When you come to Boston, and have time 
to cross the river to Chelsea, you had better 
visit the Seamen's Hospital. You will find 
a large stone building occupying an elevated 
and pleasant site, and commanding a fine 
prospect of the harbor and the city. The 
rooms are capacious, airy, neat and commo- 
dious. 

When I was there, there were forty pa- 
tients present, but I was told by the physi- 
cian who conducted me through the different 
apartments, that in the fall they not unfre- 
quently have fifty. The instition is support- 
ed by a tax of 20 cents per month, paid by 
each American seaman, and ordinarily this 
has constituted a fund sufficiently large to 
meet all demands ; so, strictly speaking, this 
is not a benevolent institution, though much 
credit certainly belongs to its originators and 



those who assume the responsibility of its 
management. 

The diseases that those present were suf- 
fering under, were such as fractured bones, 
occasioned by falls, fever, and venereal dis- 
ease. About one third were afflicted with 
the loathsome disorder last mentioned. The 
physician told me he thought no greater pro- 
portion of sailors had that complaint, than 
there were of other patients in the city. How 
clearly God has shown his displeasure with 
the sin of lasciviousness by causing it to 
bring with itself its own signal punishment! 
All were very cheerful, and willing to con- 
verse. Three hardy old tars, whose weather 
beaten looks and iron-cast features indicated 
many a rough siege, had been in the navy 
during the war, and had served under Com- 
modore Decatur. They gave long and in- 
teresting accounts of the engagements they 
had been in. One of them had frequently 
visited Calcutta and Bombay. 

One who had followed the sea 20 years, 
and who had for many months suffered all 
but death with a broken thigh, which he did 
not have set till two or three months after the 
accident happened, thought he should like to 
make just one more voyage after he had re- 
covered. 

I was told that such were their social habits 
that they could not bear to be in separate 
apartments, though ever so sick. Almost 
every one was supplied with a Bible, though 
but few professed religion. One aged color- 
ed man said he had been a professor of reli- 
gion twelve years, and was then in the en- 
joyment of it. May the day soon come when 
a deeper interest will be felt in the condition 
of that class of men who supply us with a 
great variety of the comforts of life. While 
seated at our tables, enjoying luxuries brought 
from some foreign port, let us think of the 
poor sailor. 

To what are we to attribute this and kin- 
dred institutions, but to the benign influence 
of Christianity ? E. Noyrs. 

Report of Bethel Missionary. 

WHO CARES FOR THE SAILOR? 

June 10th. While I have been engaged 
distributing tracts, and conversing with sail- 
ors, I have occasionally found one who said 
that the Sailor's Home was not a good place 
for seamen — that all they wanted was to get 
the sailor's money, and if he had none they 
would turn him away, &c. I have always 
understood all this, and know that'those who 
have so represented it did not like good order, 
and temperance, and the like. But the great 
majority speak very highly of the Home, and 
other temperance houses, and always go to 
them when they come to port. 

As I was going along near the Home, a 
few Sabbath mornings ago, I saw something 



which I consider characteristic of that place' 
and as it is in point, I will relate it : While 
walking along I saw a sailor lying on the 
side walk, so much intoxicated, that he could 
not stand nor walk ; he was ragged, and fil- 
thy, and had a wound on his foot. Directly, 
two well dressed sailors came out of the 
Home to go to church. When they saw the 
prostrate sailor, they did not, like the Phari- 
see and Publican, pass by on the other side, 
but, Samaritan like, immediately picked him 
up and carried him in, where he would un- 
doubtedly have good care taken of him, per- 
haps would be induced to sign the pledge, 
and become a respectable man, as multitudes 
have done. Now, who cares for the sailor ? 
Those who take from them the last cent for 
rum, and then turn them into the street to 
starve, or those who pick them up, when they 
are thus turned out, and feed, and clothe, 
and shelter them 1 

19ih. To-day supplied the Valparaiso, 
bound to Canton, with tracts and papers. I 
was not aware that she was going to carry- 
out missionaries till I came in sight of the 
ship, when I saw ladies and gentlemen going 
on board, and inquiring the cause, I found 
that two missionaries. Dr. Devan and his 
wife, were about to embark for China, and 
their friends had assembled to bid them a 
final farewell. The exercises on board were 
very solemn and interesting, and many tears 
were shed on the occasion. 



thi Loa Max, 

"A Map of bnsv life." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

The Gospel Ship, No. % 

In the last number of the Sheet Anchor 
there was a description given of the Gos- 
pel Ship. It was shown to be a safe re- 
treat for the shipwrecked mariner. The 
sailor is again invited to examine her Com- 
mander, her properties, her life-boat and 
her crew. Those who are about to ship on 
board of this ship, must be all totalabstinence 
men, and have the pledge of the king's seal ; 
this is the ship's banner, waving over the 
ocean. Those who have shipped speak in 
the highest terms of the. " Zion." She is 
now ready for sea, and bound for the port o' 
eternal rest. She has weathered many a 
tempestous storm, and landed many a weath- 
er-beaten soul on the shores of a blissful im- 
mortality. Her beckoning flag is waving on 
high ; the shipping papers aud chart are with 
hundreds of the sons of the ocean, who are 
welcoming you on board. Her fare is all 
good. She is a temperance ship ; and no 
profanity, envy, guile, malice, rage or passion 
will mar her peace. See! she is now spread- 
ing her canvass to the breezes of heaven. 



124 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



Shipmates ! make haste to come on board. 
There is not a moment to be lost. Come under 
the great Captain of your salvation. Why 
linger, shipmates 1 Come home ! Your 
frail bark has sprang aleak, and is fast sink- 
ing. You must perish unless you give up 
your old tottering ship and listen to your 
shipmates aboard the " Zion." There is a 
thick cloud over your heads which threatens 
your destruction. It echoes from mount 
Sinai ; the fierce lightenings and peals of 
thunder from that law will dash you to pieces. 
Come home, to mount Zion, to the general 
assembly and church of the first born, gath- 
ered from all nations ; come to mount Cal- 
vary, to the sweet accents of love and pardon 
for the guilty. Come home, brother sailors ! 
Why will ye die ? ye wanderers of the ocean ! 
Come home to your father! come home. 
The bethel flag will guide you in the path of 
peace and safety. The watchman upon the 
walls of Zion is proclaiming the way of sal- 
vation, through Jesus Christ ; he is pointing 
you to the ship Zion. Brother sailor ! come 
home, lest the spirit cease to strive, l. ii. 

Appeal for the Sailor. 



By REV. E. F. CUTTER. 

The sailor appeals to our hearts, and en- 
lists our sympathies, in behalf of our children 
and the rising race generally. So should the 
cause which I plead with at least an equal 
power, for at what time of life could tender- 
ness and sympathy be more seasonably be- 
stowed, than when they leave the Sabbath 
School, the family hearth, and all the restrain- 
ing and moulding influences of home ? Why 
is there so much sympathy felt for a child at 
home : and why is that sympathy all dried up 
when that child becomes a sailor ? My aim 
is to bring back this child, now a wanderer 
suffering many deprivations, to a contact with 
these sympathies. There is something in- 
consistent and inexplicable in the cold in- 
difference which has but too commonly been 
manifested towards this class of our fellow 
beings. Somehow or other, men,— good 
men too — discover no benevolent anxiety, 
and are ready to encounter little pains, to see 
that they are provided with means of in- 
struction, and guarded by right moral influ- 
ences. They suffer them to be put under 
the care of captains who have no moral prin- 
ciple. They send them off without the Bi- 
ble and such means of moral and religious 
knowledge and impressions, as might do 
something to supply the lack of privileges 
which home affords. As to those in other 
spheres of employment, it is not so. Why 
should such partiality exist? The young go 
not out thus into the world to labor in other 
employments. His home should be furnished 
with all possible facilities for instruction, and 
the means of moral and religious impression. 



Again, the sea was likened to a burial-place, 
though it bore no monuments on its surface. 
But if it were possible to cover the great and 
wide sea with monumental stones, one for 
each of the human victims which it entomb- 
ed, what a burial-place should we perceive it 
to be! How many millions of relics or me- 
mentoes of departed friends and fellow men 
would it exhibit ! We look on an enclosure 
for the dead and its grave-stones with sensi- 
bility, often with a tear for the memory of 
some that lie there. Where does all this 
tenderness flee when we look on the ocean ? 
There is the same relation between man and 
the sea, as there is between man and the dry 
land; and the same influences must be em- 
ployed to save him on both. The sailor is 
one with us, and must not be robbed of his 
common portion. It had been said of Bona- 
parte, that though so terrible on land, he was 
comparatively powerless at sea. He could 
hardly advance a yard on the water, before 
he was entirely unmanned. The sea is still 
to become the theatre of great moral achieve- 
ments, the passage way to victory for the 
soldiers of the cross. He had thought, when 
he had looked out upon the sea, and observed 
how those who traverse it communicate with 
all nations, he could easily perceive that they 
have a power, which if perverted, is as much 
to be dreaded, as would be the physical power, 
if they possessed it, of swelling its billows 
till they should overflow and desolate the sur- 
rounding land, and cause every living thing 
to die. Let us do all we can to save such 



officer intending to fight a duel, is to consider 
it to be his imperative duty, and he is hereby 
ordered, strenuously to exert himself to effect 
an adjustment between the adverse parties, on 
terms consistent with the honor of each, and, 
should he fail, owing to the determination of 
the offended parties not to accept honorable 
terms of accommodation, he must refer to 
the second paragraph of this order. 

As obedience to orders is the essential and 
governing principles of the naval service, 
those officers may rest assured of the support 
and approbation of the Admiralty, who, hav- 
ing had the misfortune of giving offence to, 
or having injured or insulted others, shall 
frankly explain, apologise, or offer redress for 
the same, or who, having had the misfortune 
of receiving offence, injury, or insult from 
another, shall cordially accept frank explan- 
ation, or apology, when redress is refused to be 
I made or accepted, shall submit the matter to 
be dealt with by the captain or commanding 
officer of the ship or fleet ; and every officer 
who shall act as herein before directed, and, 
consequently, refuse to accept a challenge, 
will be deemed to have acted honorably, and 
to have evinced a requisite obedience not 
only to this order, but also to the pleasure of 
the Queen. 



i t 



1 



O 



Blest WOMAN'S voice ! whose accents mUd, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



persons from perversion. 

Prevention of Duelling in the British Navy. 

The following order has been added to the Admiralty 
instructions forlne government of the British Navy : 

1. Every officer serving on board any ship 
or vessel of her Majesty's fleet is hereby pos- 
itively ordered neither to send nor accept a 
challenge to fight a duel with any other per- 
son of the fleet. 

'2. Every officer of the fleet on becoming 
privy to any intention of other officers to 
fight a duel, or having reason to believe that 
such is likely to occur, owing to circumstan- 
ces that have come under his observation or 
knowledge, is hereby ordered to take every 
measure "within his power to prevent such 
duel, having recourse, if necessary, to cap- 
tain or commanding officer. 

3. Every officer of the fleet is hereby or- 
dered in no manner or degree to evince dis- 
satisfaction with, or to upbraid another officer 
for refusing or not sending a challenge, and 
all officers are strictly enjoined neither to re- 
ject, nor advise the rejection of a reasonable 
proposition for the honorable adjustment of 
differences that may have unhappily occurred. 

4. Any officer of the fleet who may be 
called on to act as second, or friend to an 



Report of the Ladies' Bethel Association of 
Providence. 

In presenting the records of the past year, 
we are reminded that this is the Tenth An- 
niversary of this Society, since it assumed 
the name of the Ladies' Bethel Association. 
During that period, what multitudes of those 
who have gone down to the sea, are buried 
beneath its waters, and are forever beyond 
the reach of benevolent effort ! 

Yet, within that comparatively brief space, 
what an amount of success has almost every 
where attended this great enterprise ! Though 
small, indeed, may be our share in the accom- 
plishment of this result, it is our privilege to 
ascribe it, with devout gratitude, to Him, with 
whom is the residue of the Spirit, and to de- 
rive from it to-day renewed encouragement 
to persevering effort. 

It may be recollected, that previous to the 
date of the last report, it had been found ne- 
cessary to alter our plan in regard to the 
" Seamen's Home," and an arrangement had 
been mnde with the proprietor, by which we 
were relieved of all pecuniary responsibility, 
except the rent ; while, at the same time, we 
retnined within our own control all our former 
means of moral and religious influence. 



SHEET ANCHOR, 



125 



We have one of that number now with us, 
who is truly a devoted christian. Thousands 
of pages of tracts have been distributed, 
and many a sailor has been supplied with the 
Holy Scriptures. 

We have made a business to reason with 
those under our care, upon temperance, 
righteousness, and a judgment to come. 
Forty have signed the pledge of total absti- 
nence within six months. 

Our Proprietor here speaks particularly of 
one of this class, who from intemperance and 
dissipation had become exceedingly degrad- 
ed, and destitute even of wearing apparel, 
except the worthless garments he had on. 
Remaining steadfast, however, in his purpose 
*>f reform, he so far gained respectability, 
that after one short voyage, he became the 
second officer in a good vessel, and was final- 
ly restored to his friends in New York, from 
whom his vices had long separated him. 

The whole number of boarders received 
during the year, is three hundred and ninety. 

It will be seen that the number of boarders 
exceeds that of any former year, while the tem- 
perance list, from having gradually increased 
1'rom year to year, has now rapidly enlarged. 

As a natural result, they are more inclined 
to attend public worship, and, we may hope, 
more susceptible of its benign influence. 

The Board are happy to state, that the 
debts which, at the close of last year, occa- 
sioned them some anxiety, were early in the 
summer very unexpectedly discharged. The 
Rev. Mr. Spaulding, so favorably known as 
the Financial Secretary of the American 
Seamen's friend Society, visited this city for 
the purpose of obtaining funds for that Insti- 
tution, and, being informed of our embar- 
rassment, consented to share whatever he 
might obtain here with us. 

This providential supply was most grate- 
fully received. 

It is now just six years since the first house 
occupied as a Seamen's Home in this city, 
was solemnly dedicated to that purpose. 

During that time, nearly two thousand 
seamen have been its inmates ; and although I 
our funds have never been sufficient to allow 
us a chapel for religious services, a weekly 
evening prayer-meeting, and worship on Sun- 
day mornings, have been sustained at all 
suitable times, at the Home, under the su- 
perintendance of Rev. Mr. Douglas, whose 
valuable labors in other departments of Chris- 
tian benevolence, are well known and justly 
appreciated. 

It is pleasant to reflect, that as the moral 
condition of seamen shall improve, their phy- 
sical privations will be greatly diminished. 
Habits of sobriety and economy will succeed 
those of dissipation and improvidence ; and 
they will not only be enabled to procure more 
of the comforts compatible with their situa- 
tion, but they will be better prepared to en- 



counter the dangers of their calling, and to 
resist the diseases of deadly climates. That 
there is a decided improvement in their gen- 
eral character as a class, must be evident to 
every one at all acquainted with the subject. 
It may be inferred too, by the Marine publi- 
cations now in circulation. One has but to 
observe the character of the periodicals them- 
selves, to be convinced of the fact. 

It will probably be allowed by those most 
competent to judge, that " The Sailor's Mag- 
azine," published by the Seamen's Friend 
Society, N. York, and the " Sheet Anchor," 
edited by Rev. Mr. Denison, of Boston, are 
(notwithstanding their titles) as elevated in 
point of moral tone and literary merit, as any 
periodicals of their class which are designed 
to promote the interests of other objects. 

We should indeed greatly dishonor them by 
a comparison with a huge proportion of such 
as find their way into fashionable circles, and 
are intended for the polite and the refined. 

It appears by these publications, that the 
advance of the temperance reform in the 
Navy is becoming more and more apparent. 
Some of its officers have been promoted to 
the honor of President of a Temperance So- 
ciety ; others have taken upon themselves 
the honor of presenting Bethel flags, &c, 
thus using their immense influence on the 
side of morality and religion. 

These tokens for good, however cheering 
as they are, furnish not the only or the strong- 
est motive for further efforts in bealf of sea- 
men. We believe the Gospel of Christ to 
be as well adapted to them, as to any other 
class of the fallen family of man. That they 
are as susceptible of its transforming and 
purifying influences, the thousands who now 
profess and adorn it would seem to answer. 

We have only to say, that, in the prosecu- 
tion of our very limited designs, we still re- 
ly on the liberality of an enlightened com- 
munity — a large proportion of whose wealthy 
citizens, through the successful but perilous 
toils of the sailor, are now in the possession 
of affluence ; with all its means of education 
and refinement, its sanctuaries, and, we may 
add, its repositories for the dead. 



THE ¥©¥f H. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 

The Voyage. 

" Against the law ! against the law !" said 
a little girl, " I don't like that ' against the 
law!' " 

But if our naughty hearts do not like to 
be told that what we wish to do is against 
the law, yet what would become of us if God 
had not made good laws for us to keep : if 
he had not warned us so solemnly that we 
shall be ruined, unless we keep these laws ! 



In the book of Proverbs we read, " My 
son, keep thy father's commandment, and 
forsake not the law of thy mother." 

I will tell you my story to show you what 
a good law this is. 

About thirty years ago, two little boys n ho 
lived in the city of New York, used to play 
a great deal together. Their mothers had 
made a law for these boys, that they should 
never play near the river docks, nor go into 
any boats along shore. They were too small 
to manage a boat well, or to swim with their 
clothes on ; and so this was a very good law. 
But they were tempted one day to forsake it, 
and now see what they got by it. After they 
had played awhile about the dock, they be- 
gan to think how nice it would be to take a 
sail. Now was the time to have started home, 
out of the reach of temptation. But present- 
ly they went near one of the slips of the dock, 
which is a kind of lane made in the banks of 
the river for the boats to come up into, and 
there they saw some large planks floating. — 
" Come, Billy," said Thomas, who had gone 
down to the water's edge, " how nice it would 
be to paddle round the slip on a plank ; there 
can be no harm in that !" So Billy and 
Thomas got a bit of board and seated them- 
selves astraddle upon a plank, with their feet 
in the water. They paddled and paddled 
round the slip and thought it fine fun, though 
if the plank had turned to one side they 
would both probably have been drowned. — 
Presently, said Thomas, " Suppose we try it 
in the river, it goes so nice." The tide was 
setting out, and so carried them along pretty 
swiftly. Billy and Tommy kept their tiny 
paddles going, and Tommy cried out, " O, 
Bill, how we do make her go !" But he lit- 
tle thought where they were going. Sinful 
pleasure may seem very fine for a while, but 
the end of it is always sorrow, and sometimes 
death. On they went at a merry pace. — 
Presently, however, Billy looked round and 
saw, to his amazement, that they were pass- 
ing Governor's Island, and floating out to sea. 

At this, they both screamed mournfully ; 
yet they had the presence of mind to keep 
steady on their dangerous horse. On they 
went, but God was better to them than they 
had been to their mothers. A schooner hap- 
pened just then to be beating up the narrows 
which led out to the broad deep sea. The 
captain happily saw the sorrowful voyagers ; 
he sent a boat out — picked them up overjoy- 
ed, and took them in his vessel to the city. 

When the schooner came up the dock, the 
little law-breakers went to the captain and 
thanked him for his goodness. " Very well," 
said he, " you are very welcome, but you are 
not off yet." 

Upon this he called to a sailor, "Tom, 
bring me a rope's end." Tom brought it, 
and the captain gave these little boys a severe 



126 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



flogging. They knew they deserved it — 
The°n the captain helped them ashore, saying 
as he let go their hands, " Your mothers will 
thank me l'or whipping you, as well as for 
picking you up ;" and so I am sure they did. 

My son, keep thy father's commandments, 
forsake not the law of thy mother. 

There are many men in the world who 
make just such voyages, and receive the same 
admonitions in pretty much the same manner. 
We would advise all such to remember there 
is a God, who will not suffer his laws to be 
broken with impunity. 




BOSTON, SATURDAY, AUG. 17, 1844. 



VJ-The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Seamen's Convention at Baltimore. 

A convention of preachers to seamen, and 
other friends of the sailor's cause, will be 
held in Baltimore, on Wednesday, October 
30, 1S44, at 10 o'clock, A. M. A general 
attendance is requested. 

Maine Seamen's Friend Society. 



The fourth annual report of this Society 
states many cheering facts. The Bethel 
congregation in Portland has been removed 
from its former place of worship, but the 
Bethel flag has not been struck. It is be- 
lieved that the attendance of seamen on pub- 
lic worship was never better than the current 
vear. The present place of meeting is the 
Exchange Hall— which is granted free by the 
city government. It is large, and much more 
commodious than the former chapel, and the 
attendance has materially increased. Often 
has the heart of the chaplain, Rev. G. W. 
Bo*rne, been made glad. He has seen the 
penitential tear on many a weather-beaten 
cheek ■ ami it is now a matter of common 
occurrence for seamen to request the special 
prayers of Christians, as they leave port.— 
Whole crews have made this request. A 
letter from the pious captain of the bark 
" Victor" contains the pleasing news that 
prayer and conference meetings held on board 
had been much blessed. He had visited 



Charleston, S. C, and met with seventeen 
Christian captains, several mates and many 
seamen. A number of his brother sailors in 
that port were flocking to the standard of 
Christ. A man belonging to the " Merchant," 
and three other seamen, had professed to be- 
come Christians. The whole crew were tee- 
totallers. How much good will such a ship's 
company do among all nations ! 

The stated and occasional meetings of the 
seamen connected with the congregation have 
been kept up during the year. They have 
been deeply interesting — made so by the 
warm-hearted prayers and exhortations of 
converted seamen. The monthly concert of 
prayer has been well sustained. When the 
hall has been thronged, the meetings were 
removed to different churches. 

The Marine Hospital has been instru- 
mental of continuing many blessings to the 
sailor. The united testimony of seamen re- 
specting the steward, Mr. Billings, is that 
he is exactly the man for that situation. Dr. 
Mighels is spoken of in the highest terms. 
There were 13 in the Hospital, January 11, 
1843 ; 140 have been receved from January 
1, 1843 to January 1, 1844 ; 140 have been 
discharged during the year. No deaths have 
occurred. There were 13 in the Hospital 
the 1st day of January, 1844. 

The Bethel Church has considerably 
more than doubled during the year. Sea- 
men esteem it a great privilege to enjoy the 
ordinances of the gospel there. '* Far dis- 
tant be the day," adds the report, " when, 
from any considerations, it may be thought 
best to have no church connected with these 
institutions." Bibles, tracts, and appropriate 
religious publications have been distributed 
as extensively as possible. The directors ac- 
knowledge a donation of five dollars worth of 
tracts from Rev. S. Bliss, Secretary of the 
American Tract Society. Mr. J. B. Brown, 
of Portland, has made a donation of five dol- 
lars for Bibles and Testaments. The chap- 
lain asks for more donations of this kind, at 
his house, corner of Fore and Silver Streets. 
The Sabbath School has had several new 
conveniences supplied, and its prospects are 
encouraging. 

The Seamens' Mansion, Fore Street, kept 
by Hi A. Curtis, continues to be highly use- 
ful. Nearly four hundred names have been 
entered on the registry there. Eight hun- 
dred seamen have been received as boarders. 
Seven have died. Temperance has done a 
good work for the cause in Maine. Many- 
cases of reform from drunkenness have taken 
place. The temperance boarding houses 
have been better patronized during the past 
year than any former period. Seamen have 
had caution enough in regard to houses of a 
different kind. They are beginning to shun 
the places in which intoxicating drinks are 



sold, as man-traps where they pay too dear 
for wetting the whistle. 

The ladies of Maine, with their usual be- 
nevolence, have been at work for the sailor. 
The Female Seamen's Friend Society of 
Portland, and the Female Fragment Society 
of South Bridgton, have sent in donations. 

The report closes with an able appeal 
which we regret our inability to give entire. 
Maine has much to do in the sailor's cause. 
Her sea coast is more extensive, more expos- 
ed than that of any other State ; she fur- 
nishes more seamen ; and yet she has sup- 
ported, and that feebly, but one seamen's 
Bethel. Brethren and friends of the sailor 
in Maine! Ought this so to be? The old 
Bethel is gone, and unless you arise and 
build a new one, the seamen's cause in Port- 
land must die. Will you allow such a dis- 
aster, when it is clearly in your power to 
prevent it ? 

Mr. Bourne, the General Agent of the 
Maine Seamen's Friend Society, will travel 
as extensively as possible through the State. 
We commend him and his noble object to 
the patronage of the readers of the Sheet 
Anchor. 



Boston Bethel Union. 

A public meeting of this Society was held 
in the Hanover Street Chapel, Rev. Mr 
Nf.ale's, last Monday evening. We have 
not room this week for particulars. 

Extracts from the report will be given here- 
after. The following hymn was sung on the 
occasion : 

Literature for the Sea. 

Written for the public meeting of the Bosto* Bethel 
Union,'"' ll "' t ' irbt B^C 1131 Minting House, on Monday evening, 
August 11, 18M, 

BY KEV. VfM. B. TAPPAN. 

The Sairm- sells his life away ; 

From first to latest breath 
He toils for unrequiting pny, 

And gets the wages — Drath. 
The Sailor roughs it when the winds 

His topsails take aback ; 
And small his care, in wind or calm, 

What berth's for honest Jack. 

For Jack '. whom starboard, larboard gales 

Sweep windward and to lee ; 
Who wavers like a feather tost 

Between the sky and sea. 
That boiling sea his grave— the which 

Has many a sailor shared ; 
That nnerv sky his home, and he 

A spirit unprepared. 

For Jark ! who "swigs the flowing can," 

And boldly asks to know, 
Than he. where stands a better man 

To take the world in tow. 
Who in the maintop has his pipe, 

And ribaldry in chest ; 
In watch and watch the silly song,— 

In steerage, oath and jest. 

Poor Jack! while we have chased the night 

Impatiently, from Mind, 
'J'hou. to the intellectual light 

Hast been forever blind. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



127 



We've cared not— yet a brighter day 

\b dawning now for thee j 
And Knowledge, hid in church and school 

Henceforth shall take the Sea ! 

We'll put the Bible in thy hand, 

That, should thy vessel Tail, 
Thy feet may on its promise stand, 

Thy heart luff to the gale. 
We'll teach thee how the soul has cheer, 

When breakers bourn along ; 
In joy and grief, in life and death, 

Foor Jack shall have his Song! 



New Sailor's Home, — An article on this 
subject by " Fore and Aft," and a statement 
of facts from Rev. D. M. Lord, will be forth- 
coming in our next number. 

THH LOCKBR. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 
NAVAL. 

Drt Docks. — The Secretary of the Navy has 
decided upon applying the unexpended balance 
of the appropriation for a Dry Dock in New York 
harbor, towards the construction of a permanent 
Stone Dock at Brooklyn, in continuation of the 
plan before adopted. The commission that has 
been appointed is to inquire into the best plan of 
a Floating Dock for the harbor of Pensacola, and 
the subject of a Dock in New York harbor will 
not be submitted to it at all. 

Commodore Hull. — A monument is about to 
be constructed in Philadelphia, to be erected at 
Laurel Hill, over the remains of Com. Isaac Hull. 
It will be a beautiful piece of art, composed of 
marble of the finest quality, and placed on a gra- 
nite base, and modelled after the plan of the 
tomb of Scipio, at Rome. 

Lucky, not Leaky — Owing to the peculiar man- 
ner of copying ship news, the fishing schooner 
Boston, Allen, was reported as having been spo- 
ken in the South Channel, by ship Sarah Parker, 
on the 5th inst., and leaking badly. Capt. Allen 
requested the ship to report him as being " pretty 
considerable lucky." 

Lite at Sea. — Capt. Spaulding, of the bark 
Wcaskeag, which arrived at New Orleans a few 
days ago, has been at sea 244 days, since 25th 
August last. On that day, he sailed from New 
York for Richmond, 8 days ; from Richmond to 
Rio, 70 days ; from Rio to New Orleans, 56 days ; 
from New Orleans to Marseilles, 42 days; from 
Marseilles to New Orleans, 68 days. 

Loper's Propeller. — The steam packet Ash- 
land arrived at Philadelphia recently, from New 
York, with a full freight and twenty-nine passen- 
gers. Though her machinery is yet stiff", the 
Ashland made a very satisfactory run, and gave 
promise of being a vessel of good speed. Her 
qualities as a sea-boat have been fully tested, and 
the efficiency of Loper's flat bladed propeller is 
now placed beyond a doubt. 

fjy The Newburyport Watchtower of July 
26, says, the Revenue Cutter Hamilton, Captain 
Sturgis arrived at this port on Friday last and 
left on Monday evening for Boston. The visit of 



this vessel to our place, and the gentlemanly 
bearing of its gallant commander and other offi- 
cers, will long be remembered by those gentle- 
men and Indies who had the pleasure of enjoying 
their society during the short time they remained 
with us. 

The first Ship.— The ark built by Noah was 
the first as well as the largest vessel of which we 
have any account. Her tonnage was nearly ten 
times greater than that of the largest ship of the 
line in our navy, being estimated at 42,400 tons. 
Her proportions would be considered good even 
now, atter the accumulated experience of ages 
in ship-building, although her model may not 



INFORMATION WANTED 
Of FRANKLIN HACKET, of Amesbury, Mass., 35 
years of age, light complexion, hair and eyeB, by trade a 
shoe maker. Address Mrs. Nancv Goodrich, Ames- 
bury, Mass. 

Also, of BYRON G. KIMBALL, of Bradford, Mass., 
21 years of age, 5 feet 11 inches high. Address Jona- 
than Kimball, East Bradford, Mass. 

Also, of FERDINAND FISK STONE, of Framing- 
ham, Mass., 22 years of age, 6 feet G inches high, light 
complexion, blue eyes, brown hair, slight built; when 
last heard from, he put into the island of St. Thomas, in 
brig Barron, Capt. White, where the vessel was con- 
demned in December. 1840. Address Luther Stone 
Framingham, Middlesex Co., Mass. 

Also, of SOLOMON AUGUSTUS ALEXANDER 



have been the best adapted for speed. Allowino- STOLE > 80n ° f Mrs - Margaret Stole, No. 4 Boyd' 
18 inches to one cubit, her length was 450 feet, 
75 feet beam, and 45 feet depth of hold. 



New Route to New York. — The railroad from 
Greenport, Long Island, to the city of N. York, 
is completed, and the cars commenced running 
last week. Steamboats run across the sound and 
connect this road with the Stonington and Nor- 
wich railroads. The passage across is made in 
two hours, and the journey from Boston to New 
York by this route in ten hours. 

fjj" A number of young men, from 18 to 20 
years of age, are shipping on board of whalers, 
at Providence, and other eastern ports, in conse- 
quence of their participation in the Philadelphia 
riots, and to escape the consequences of their 
conduct which threaten them. 

(U 8 " The introduction of iron vessels forms a 
new era in steam navigation. But experiments 
which have been made to a very considerable ex- 
tent in England, have proved in the highest de- 
gree favorable to the adoption of the system. — 
For harbor navigation, or to navigate bays and 
lakes, they are undoubtedly well adapted. 

Sub-7/iarine Plough — A sub-marine plough for 
removing sand-banks in shallow waters is said to 
have been constructed by Dr. Eddy, of Cincin- 
nati, aomewhat on the principal of the Archime- 
dian screw, boring up the sand at one end, and 
passing it through the screw to be discharged at 
the other extremity. 

Collections by Capt. T. V. Sullivan, for the 
gratuitous circulation of the " Sheet Anchor." 

In Manchester, N. H — Robert Rend, #5; Dnvid Gillis, 
#2; Oilman Jiiquith, \Vm. A. Burk. Geo. W. Tilden' 
Nanam, Baldwin, Wrn. G. Means. John A. Buruham.' 
Josiah Crosby, Cordelia Chase, each $1. 

Mont Vernon, N. H — T A Stuart. #1. 

Amherst. A'. Hj — Farmer's Cabinet, %\. 

Exeter, N. H. — Rev. Isaac Hurt), #5; Joseph Board- 
man, Joshua Getchell, Juhn Gardner, Sherburn Blake 
R. \V. Swan, each $\. 

Haverhill, Mass — James H. Duncan, Hazen Morse, 
Samuel Chase. Ehenezer Thayer, Humphrey Hoyt, Ru- 
fus LonL'ley. Samuel Brainanl, John VV. Haves. Leonard 
White. John Marsh, each jf\ ; Miss Lydia White; David 
Marsh, each $2 ; George 1. Day, Kimball Farrar, each 
50 cenls. 

Bradford, Mass. — Jesse Kimball, Mary Hazletine. 
each $1. 

Amesbury, Mass — Amaziali Richmond. D. C. Bayley, 
James Campbell, Sarah Chase, David French, Nathaniel 
White, N. B. Gordon, each gl; Rev. H. B. Smith, 50 
cents; other donations, $1 G2. 

Metlmen. Mass.— Miss Polly Osgood, $2; S. F. Dear- 
borne. #1. 

Andover, Mass. — Capt. Georire Hodges, $20 ; Gayton 
P. Osgood, §10; John Smith, go; Amas Abbott, John 
Dove, Capt. West, each gi ; Edward Taylor, N. Swift, 
Andrew B. Stimpson, Asa Abbott. Louisa Petus, N. A. 
Prentiss, U. S. Navy, Albert Abbott, Job Abbott, W. H. 
Wells, each £1. 



Court, between Market and Chesnut Streets, Philadel- 
phia. He left home on the 29th of June, was heard 
from in New Vork 3d July ; but since then no tidings of 
him have been received by his mother. He is 15 years 
of age, 5 feet high, has gray eyes, dark brown hair, and 
a good addiess. Should he be met with at any of the 
sailor's homes, or boarding houses, please forward infor- 
mation to his mother immediately. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 
Collector's Office, Edgartoxon, Aug. 1814. 
A suitable vessel has be n obtained to take the place 
of the light vessel stationed on Tuckernuck Shoal, in 
the Vineyard Sound, advertised to be removed for re- 
pairs on the 15th inst., and a temporary light will be 
shown during the absence oi the light vessel. 

LEAyiTT THAXTER, Collector. 

Newly Discovered Shoal in the China Seas. — Captain 
Keene, of the ship Henry Pratt, from Canton, discover- 
ed a dangerous shoal, running North and South, about 
half a mile in length, apparently level with the waier 
edge ; having had calms, light airs, and variable currents 
for two days previous. By observations the next day, 
places it in lat. 133° S., Ion. 107° 27' E. Lay in sight of 
the shoal from 9. a. m., till 4, p. m , weather very thick 
and raining; had 23 fathoms water, muddy bottom, the 
shoal hearing from E.N. E. to S. W., one mile distant, 
no perceptible current while in sight of it. Next morn- 
ing perceived a N. W. set on" about 1.1 miles per hour, 
and having a rock or dead tree (many of which were 
floating about.) on the northern end. 



MEMORANDA. 
We are gratified to learn, says the Advertiser, that 
there is no foundation in the charge of neglect ol schr. 
Eliza Ann, ol" Marblehead, by the captain of the Tasso, 
when the vessels came in contact. We shall ever be 
slow to believe that any of our proverbially generous 
and humane commanders are guilty of such gross bar- 
barity as was charged in this case. 

The hull of bark Isadore, wrecked on Trundy's Reef, 
was sold by auction 5th inst., for §51. The remains of 
her spars, rigging, &c, were sold the same afternoon. — ■ 
About 600 boxes sugar, very much damaged, and 10 or 
15,000 cigars had been got out. 



DISASTERS AT SEA. 
Bark Herschell, of Bangor, from Bahia, was struck by 
lightning, no date, off Cape Palmas, had main topgallant 
and royal yards splintered, and a bale of tin ware in the 
hold set on fire and injured ; the 1st and 2d officers, three 
seamen, the cook and two passengers were knocked 
down, but not seriously hurt. 

U. S. Revenue Cutter Jackson, Capt. Conner, having 
been to the assistance of sloop Champion, (the New 
Bedford papers say sloop Franklin, Chadwick.) of and 
from Falmouth, for New Vork. wrecked at Point Judith, 
reports that her bottom is beat out. cargo ol salt dissolv- 
ed, and that she is a total loss, except sails and rigging. 

Sciir. Rich, Stacy, which arrived 1st inst., was run into 
on the Banks by ship Portland, of Liverpool, winch did 
considerable damage. Capt. S. told the captain of the 
Portland that he was sinking, but he kept on his course. 



128 



SHEET ANCHOR 




In .luly, 1832, as the French ship Dunkirk, was among the icebergs on the coast of Greenland, one of her boat's crew was attacked by white bears. 

conflict, during which one man was badly bitten, and two bears killed, they were rescued by their comrades. 



After a terrible 




The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
put it asunder. 

By Rev. C. W. Denison, on 9th inst,, Mr. Spencer 
McDonald to Miss Martha Elizabeth Bull. 

On the 27th ult.,by Rev. Caleb Bkeeze, Capt. John 

Helm to Miss Wilheljuna S. Lee. 

'Trtas Saturday night, tho twinkling stars 

Bhone n, i il' r " rippling s?a ; 
No (Inly callM tlie jovial tars, 

I'ht ilclm was a-Lce. 

\ty The above was forwarded to us from Philadelphia. 
It is no wonder the Helm was brought to a-Z.ce, since it 
will be seen thero was a Breeze at work at the time. 




GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rev. SILAS BAILEY. GEORGE L. COBURN. 
" DAM1EL WISE. 

Committee 

For Gratuitous Distribution among Seamen. 

Rev. CHARLES W. DENISON, Sheet Anchor Office. 

Rev. E. T. TAYLOR, North Square Bethel. 

Rev. D. M. LORD, Purchase Street Bethel. 

Rev. J. M. BUZZEL, Chaplain of the new Seamen's 

Bethel, over Quincy Market. 
.MOSES GRANT\ Esq., Cambridge Street. 
Rev. SETH BLISS, Tract Depository, Comhill. 
" W. B. TAPPAN, American S. S. Union Deposi- 
tory, Comhill. 
Dea. T. THW1NG, City Missionary. 9G Washington St. 
BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS, Esq., Atkins' Wharf. 
Rev. WILLIAM HOWE, chapel, corner of Friend and 

Deacon Stree's. 
Dr. J. C. AVER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 
of Hanover nnd Prince Streets, Boston. 

Capt. T. V. SULLIVAN, 

General Agent for collecting funds for this 
object. 



THIS LASS VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 

In Fairhaven, Elizabeth Taber, daughter of Capt. 
Samuel Pierce, aged 19 years. 

On board ship Arvum, on the passage from Mew Or- 
leans to Boston, Mrs. Elizabeth Raslett. of Saint 
George, Mo. 

Lost overboard, from ship Tamerlane, on the passage 
from Frankfort to Havana, during a gale, Mr. flKXriY A. 
Davis, But officer. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street, Rev. Henry Chase. 186 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. K. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River. Rev. B. C. (.'. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev. G. W. Bourne, Exchange Hall. 

Boston. Mariner's Church. Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M . 
Lord; Bethel Church, North Square. Rev. E.T. Taylor. 
"Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. Elder J. W. 
Holman, over Quincy Market. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark. N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 
O. Doutrlass. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Philpot St., Rev. H. Best. 



Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev 
W. B. Yates. 

Alexandria, P. C. The resident Clergy. 
Buffalo. Rev. V. D.Taylor. 
Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 
Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 
Oswego. Uev. F. Pierce. 
Rocketts, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 



GOAD SAILOR BOARDING-BOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept hy Daniel Tracy. 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead, 22M Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, hy R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Meet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept liv J. Qt'iN, Jr., No. 18 North Bennel' Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr.. Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. Salisbury, No, 90 Commercial Street. 

D»vip Chaffin, 77A Commercial Street. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Dossier. No. 
ol North Market Street. 

Mrs Street. 209 Ann Street. 

A. ('lark, ( North Square. 

Salem. Ehenezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mrs. 
Greenleaf. Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland, Me. — teamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis. 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society. No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 

Capt. Roland Gelston. No. 320, Pearl Street. 

Other Boardine-Houses in New York City. John 
McLellan,15t Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, fil Cherry Street. 

Providence, R. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, j)3 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. Cant. Hamilton, 2.3 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Myers, corner Mar- 



bailors Home, in. vv. corner ot t.mon andfrront 
St?., bv Wm Hammond, under tli ecare of the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo. N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. IT, Main Street. 
Capt, Halcolm. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of L'Dion and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltim.re. Cnptajn Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street, Fell's Point. 

Alexandria. P. C Sailor's Home, by John Robinson 




as an anchor of the soul.' 



"Which hope we have 

— "- TTT 7TT7. . . . 7 . . R EV~ CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 

JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. ::::::: a. :.t :. : ^1^^1z1L^Z== = 



Vol. 2. 



^OSTW^TsATURDAY^ SEPTEMBER 7, 1844. 



No. 17. 



SHUT ANCHOR. 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS HOW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANE 

to HUMAN1TV to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TEEMS. 

O.VE DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers,™*! remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis,and the 
same proportion for larger numbers. 
AGENTS. 

SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: £ SEE LAST PAGE. 

KEEPERS OF SAILORS' BOMBS, i 

fpJ-See list of names on last page. 

THE STOHY. 

"Wonders in the deep." 



Poor Bill. 

BY CAPTAIN J. S. SLEEPER. 

We at length arrived at our port of desti- 
nation. The good resolutions Bill had form- 
ed were not abandoned. He withstood every 
temptation that was thrown in his way, and 
won the esteem and respect of his officers 
and shipmates, as the consistent conduct of 
a good seaman invariably will. Unquestion- 
ably there are sometimes brutes who creep 
into stations of authority and trust on board 
of American vessels— but they are never al- 
lowed to continue long, and I cannot but 
believe that their cruelty is almost always ^ 
greatly exaggerated, for their own self-interest | 
would prevent its execution. I can truly say 
that during a period of ten years on board of 
many different vessels, I have never yet seen 
a good sailor, who knew and did his duty, 
maltreated or abused ; nor from credible and 
impartial testimony did I ever hear of an 
instance. 

After visitino- several ports, the old Emius 
head was pointed for home ; and at first every 
thing promised a speedy voyage. But such 
was'not to be our lot. After experiencing 
gale after gale, we at length weathered the 
Cape, but the passage was prolonged almost 



beyond precedent, and that dreadful scourge, 
the scurvy, appeared among us. It is a con- 
solation to know that this fell disease is every 
day becoming more and more rare, as greater 
attention has latterly been paid to the com- 
fort of seamen, and more regard is had to 
their diet and cleanliness, but formerly its 
ravages were dreadful, and even now, we 
sometim'es hear of its melancholy effects upon 
entire crews. Let ship-owners be persuaded 
to supply their vessels plentifully with flour 
and vegetables, and some live stock, and it 
will soon entirely disappear. It is really 
astonishing that this precaution has not been 
heretofore more extensive, for, putting mo- 
tives of humanity aside, salt beef and bread 
alone have been found to be the most expen- 
sive articles in the victualling of a ship. — 
One barrel of beef, and one of flour, will 
last one third longer than two barrels of beef, 
and cost one fourth less. Flour once, or at 
most twice a week, is considered in many 
vessels as very liberal— but I have found that 
by far the cheapest way is to give it to the 
crew every day. 

As is usually the case— from what cause 
does not appear— this disease fell first and 
heaviest upon the oldest men on board, and 
by the time we were within ten days sail of 
home, the chief officer, who was an elderly 
man, had fallen a victim to its power, and 
half the crew were off duty. My old 
shipmate suffered more than any other, and 
the death of the mate made him despair of 

recovery. 

On the day of the officer's burial, he call- 
ed me to the side of his bunk—" Charley," 
said he, " so Mr. Williams is gone ? Well, 
my turn comes next." 

" O no, Bill," said I, " I hope not. We 
have got a fair wind now, and shall be on 
soundings in a few days, and then you'll be 
all right again." 

"Never!" said the old man, solemnly. — 
" No I shall never land in Boston alive. If 
not before, I shall die the moment we strike 
soundings. I hope I may hold out till then, 
and perhaps the captain will keep my poor 
old bulk aboard till the ship gets in." 



I endeavored to console him, and assured 
him that should it be so, we would all beg 
the captain to grant his request if it could 
be done. 

" But," said he, pressing my hand, " I have 
one request to make of you, I would do it for 
any one, and I kuow you will do it for me !" 
The tears started in my eyes as I promised 
to obey his w'ish before it was expressed.— 
He then asked for pen and paper, which be- 
ing furnished, he wrote a draft upon the own- 
ers, made payable to myself, for all the wages 
due him to the time of his death. He put 
the paper in my hand, and held that in his 
own, while he told me to draw the money, ' 
and expend it in having his body transported 

t0 , and, he added, in a faltering voice 

" have it buried by her side." 

I repeated the promise already made, and 
pledged my word to see it done myself. 

"I knew you would, Charley," said he, 
squeezing my hand, " I knew you would"— 
and he then continued, "if there is any 
thing left, put it into Father Taylor's box." 
But the consolation was denied him. Our fa- 
vorable wind soon failed. He became more and 
more exhausted, and it was evident to him- 
self, as well as to others, that his end was at 
hand. Sailors may be supposed rough nurses, 
but we did every thing in our power to soothe 
his dying moments. 

On Saturday he had been fast drooping, 
and every hour we had expected would be 
his last ; but as evening drew on he revived 
a little, and asked me how was the weather. 
I told him it was fine. 

" Are the stars out?" he inquired. 
He was told they were. 
" Then, oh, take me on deck, and let me 
look at them once more !" 

His request was complied with. He was 
carefully lifted out of the fore-scuttle, and 
placed on the weather side of the forecastle. 
We were off Bermuda, and it was indeed a 
beautiful evening. It might almost be said 
with truth, 

« The wind, were all hushed, |nd the wave, were at rest." 

For only a slight ripple under the bows 
broke the stillness of the hour, and its dirge- 



130 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



like music seemed tuned by nature for the 
parting soul, while the gentle breeze was 
ready to waft it to the mansions of the bless- 
ed. As the eyes of the sufferer gazed on 
the bright firmament over his head, they 
gathered an unearthly lustre, and a trium- 
phant smile irradiated his pallid features, as 
he clasped his hands across his bosom and 
exclaimed, " Thanh God, 1 am forgiven!" 
These were his last words, and uttered 

almost with his last breath. He was dead 

but his countenance seemed to grow brio-hter 
after life had fled, as if his purified spirit had 
returned from heaven to share its happiness 
with the frail body, which had been its com- 
panion so long upon earth. 



ranee cause, for I love it as much as ever. — 
If Mr. Sargent writes any more Tales, do 
send them to me ; and if friend Dutch will 
send any more of his papers, I will distribute 
them on the coast, and no doubt they will 
do good. 

We have the Vandalia Total Abstinence 
Society on board our ship, of which your 
humble servant is President, and nearly all 
hands are members. * 



A Sailor's Yarn. 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



Supplies at Sea. 

A teetotaller on board the ship Vandalia writes to 
Mr. Dutch, of Chelsea, one or two incidents which 
Mr. D. has kindly furnished for the Sheet Anchor. 

SHIP VANDALIA, ( 

Monterey, April 18, 1844. j 

Dear brother and sister : 

A government vessel sails in a kw days for 
Mazatlan, and as this will be the only oppor- 
tunity of writing home until the Barnstable 
sails, (next December,) I embrace this chance 
to inform you of our safe arrival at this place 
after a passage of 152 days, arriving about 
six hours before the Sterling, and beating her 
22 days on the passage. We have been ly- 
ing here two months, and shall sail for Santa 
Barbara in about five days. The Vandalia 
is a perfect ship ; " hands could not better 
her ;" and captain Everett is a fine man. 

About half way between Africa and Bra- 
zil, on a pleasant Sunday morning, with a 
fine, fair wind, we were boarded by a boat 
from the English bark Cygnet, from New 
Holland, bound to London ; the mate, who 
came in the boat saying they wanted supplies. 
We told him we could let him have just what 
he wanted, supposing he wanted beef, bread, 
pork, or water. But judge our surprise and 
indignation when he told us he wanted rum, 
gin or brandy! We soon sent him off with 
a " flea in his ear." " Stop sir," says I, " I'll 
give you some late Boston papers." So down 
I run and got nearly all friend Dutch's pa- 
pers, and gave him, and that was all he got 
from us in the shape of alcohol. 

Dana's " Two Years Before the Mast," 
will give you a good description of the Cali- 
fornians ; as far as I have seen I never saw 
such an idle, lazy, drunken set of loafers be- 
fore in my life. We are in hopes of being 
able to leave here for home, winter after next" 
Do, my dear John, write me every chance 
you can get ; send me all the news, espec- 
ially every tiling that relates to the tempe- 



Several years ago, while lying at Malta, in 
H. M. ship, " the Rochford," 85 guns, Capt. 
Shamburg— I and a shipmate named Balfour, 
obtained leave to go on shore. On landing, 
the first port we made was, of course, a otoc 
shop ; I say of course, for it was the custom, 
and is now, aboard men-of-war, to create and 
foster an appetite for rum by an allowance of 
half a pint a day, and then to punish a poor 
fellow for going on shore to indulge it. We 
hadn't been long at the drunkery before we 
fell into the company of an Italian seaman, 
belonging to a ship on quarantine. He was 
full of good nature, and had plenty of money. 
He offered to treat me and my shipmate with 
as much liquor as we liked to drink. We 
were not slow in accepting his offer, and soon 
got " three sheets in the wind." In this con- 
dition we adjourned to another low haunt of 
iniquity, where there was music and dancing. 
While we were there, some peace officers 
and soldiers entered the house and charoed 
the Italian with being a deserter. He, being 
drunk, swore like a fiend, but hadn't the pru- 
dence to explain that he belonged to the ship 
on quarantine, and, as we were in the same 
state, we didn't say so. He was placed 
alongside a Maltese soldier and marched off 
towards the watch-house. On his way thither 
he secretly unscrewed a small dagger out of 
the stem of a Turkish tobacco pipe, which 
he had in his hand, and turning suddenly 
upon the Maltese, thrust the sharp blade of 
the weapon right through his heart. The 
poor fellow dropped on the ground, crying in 
a sharp tone, "Imah! Imah !" which means, 
" oh dear 1 oh dear !" and died immediately. 
The Italian run off— but in three days he was 
recaptured, and then tried and executed. 

I once knew a mariner whose name was 
Johnson. He was a well-behaved young 
man when sober, but very fond of grog. One 
day, under its influence, he took it into his 
head to knock down the ship's corporal, 
and to try to shove him under a gun with his 
foot, singing out at the same time, " yes, 
shhoy !" as is usual in pulling and hauling. — 
At that moment the lieutenant came on deck, 
and ordered the master-at-arms to put John- 
son in irons. Infuriated and maddened by 
drink, he struck the lieutenant. After being 
confined, with both legs in irons, he was tried 



by a court martial, and would have been hung 
at the yard arm, but for its being testified by 
the ship's corporal, that in consequence of 
having his skull fractured with the butt end 
of a musket, in boarding a ship, he was made 
quite mad by a little grog. He was, there- 
fore, only sentenced to receive two hundred 
lashes round the fleet, to forfeit two years 
pay, and to be discharged from the service. 
The flogging was dreadful ; I shall never for- 
get it. It quite unmanned him. He was 
disabled for all active service, and the last 
time I heard of him, he was a crippled beg- 
gar, sweeping a crossing in London. He 
was as smart a young fellow as ever trod upon 
a ship's deck, until he was thus nearly flogged 
to death, through two or three glasses of grog. 
I remember a plan that was concerted on 
boanl our ship between two young men, in 
order that they might get an extra allowance 
of grog. They agreed to swim on ashore 
" under the new act," that is without leave 
for the express purpose of drinking. In at- 
tempting to swim back to the ship, the same 
night, very much in liquor, one of them found 
his strength failing, and shrieked out: "I'm 
sinking ! I'm sinking !" His mate, who was 
ahead of him, being drunk, had as much as 
he could do to keep his own head above 
water, and he could'nt help the drowning 
man. He, however, managed to climb the 
ship's side, and give the alarm : " A man 
overboard!" Our sailmaker, an excellent 
swimmer, jumped out of his hammock, run 
on deck, leaped overboard, swam out to the 
sinking man, and with very great exertion 
got him alongside the ship. But, alas ! such 
was his state of helplessness, that just as a 
rope was being passed round his body, for 
the purpose of hoisting him on board, he 
slipped from the sailmaker's grasp and sank. 
Thus his body went below the depths of the 
sea, and his soul was summoned aloft to the 
judgment seat of its Maker. The other man 
who escaped death at this time, was punish- 
ed the next day so severely by flogginc, that 
he screamed, in my hearing, during its in- 
fliction, " Oh ! oh ! would to God I had been 
drowned instead of my shipmate !" 

The case of a marine comes to my mind, 
who was as fine a young man as I ever saw. 
He stood more than six feet high, and wag 
clean made and stout in proportion. He was 
also a clever, sober, and good-tempered fel- 
low. During four years of service, I never 
heard of any thing being laid to his charge. 
It happened, though, one day, that it came 
to his turn to be cook of his mess. Each of 
these took his turn in waiting upon the rest 
at meal time, for which he had a fourth part 
of the grog of every other man in the mess. 
This is called, in the navy, "the plush."— 
The cook for the day shares this over allow- 
ance of grog with one of his mates, called 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



131 



" his chum," who gives a share, in return, 
on his cooking day. Thus, through this 
bad custom, when the hands are piped to 
grog, two men in each mess get three pints 
of grog. The marine had just had his plush, 
and was stowing away the mess gear below, 
when the master-at-arms ordered him, he be- 
ing the ship's fifer, to go on deck and play a 
tune while the vessel was being got under 
weicrh. Sad to say, instead of the cheerful, 
"Aye, aye, sir," which would have come 
from his lips, had he been a teetotaller, he 
replied impertinently, and did not obey. — 
Disobedience to orders, in the navy, is a 
great crime. He was instantly reported to 
the officer of the watch, on the quarter deck, 
and the next day received two dozen lashes 
The blows of the cat-o-nine tails not only cut 
the flesh from his bones, (for his back was 
tender,) but seemed to cut into his spirits, 
tor though I knew him a long time afterwards, 
1 never saw him look cheerful again. 

The Murdered Sailor. 

Mr. Coburn, a reformed sailor, addressed an audi- 
ence in New Haven, Conn., recently. 

Mr. C. related several thrilling incidents 
connected with his life, which showed to what 
lengths and dangers the appetite of an ine- 
briate will lead him for its gratification. — 
Five years from the time he commenced the 
habit of drinking, found him a debased out- 
cast upon society. He had been to the grave 
of his mother, and there on that grave he 
had swore to devote his life to the cause of 
temperance. He related an incident, (the 
truth of which he said he could prove,) in 
substance as follows : 

A sailor shipped for a voyage, and receiv- 
ed an advance of sixteen dollars, with which 
he proceeded forthwith to the den of a rum- 
seller, where the whole sum was soon taken 
from him, and he supplied with the drink of 
death in return. Indulging his appetite free- 
ly and without restraint, the poor fellow was 
soon a corpse — whereupon the landlord con- 
veyed the dead body on board the vessel, say- 
in' the man was " sick from drinking !" 

Melancholy Affair.— A circumstance of a 
very serious character occurred a few days since 
on board the frigate Potnmac, now lying at the 
Navy Yard, N. Y. A sailor who had received 
liberty to go ashore, returned in a stale of intoxi- 
cation. He was placed, as is the usual custom, 
under the sentries, but behaving in an outrageous 
manner, Midshipman Bohrer ordered that he 
should be confined in the brig; before this order 
was executed, he sprang at the officer and knock- 
ed him down. As he fell, his head struck one of 
the cannons violently, which it is thought slightly 
fractured his skull. The sailor was at length 
subdued, but not until he had been cut down and 
wounded by the sergeant of marines. Midship- 
man B. was conveyed to the Marine Hospital.— 
His wound is not considered a mortal one, but 
still hia situation is highly dangerous. 



THE HOME. 

A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

New Sailor's Home. 

Mr. Editor, 

In your paper of 15th June, is an account 
of the annual meeting of the " Boston Sea- 
men's Friend Society," containing statements 
of much interest to the friends of seamen ; 
especially those in relation to the Sailor's 
Home. — its success during the past year, and 
the determination of the Society to erect a 
laro-er and more commodious building. The 
reading of those statements led to the in- 
quiry — whether the friends of seamen in 
Boston were, after all, sufficiently impressed 
with the importance of the Sailor's Home, that 
a resort to such unusual means should be 
deemed necessary to accomplish the object, 
an appeal to the country, and a temporary 
suspension of the valuable labors of Rev. 
Mr. Lord, in the city? 

We say unusual means, for the reasons, 
that we cannot believe there is occasion for 
their use, the amount required to complete 
the work being but 610,000. Why, sir — 
'tis but the other day the papers announced 
the fact that 6140,000 had been subscribed 
in Boston in three weeks, for three Public 
Institutions, neither of which probably had 
higher claims upon public munificence than 
the Sailor's Home. It strikes us that the 
friends of seamen in Boston are on the wrong 
track ; why go into the country for money, 
when it abounds in the city, and is poured 
out so freely? Is it urged that the Sailor's 
Home is a matter of interest to the country? 
We doubt it not ; nay, we believe that in- 
terest to be much greater than is generally 
supposed ; surely there is occasion enough 
for it, when seven-eighths of our native Amer- 
ican seamen are from the interior. 

But after all, the mere fact of such an in- 
terest existing is one thing, and the bringing 
it to bear quite another thing, and it may be 
that the effort will cost more than it will come 
to. The work to be done is peculiar, and 
requires the most extensive use of the press, 
together with such other agencies, as shall 
brino- the subject understanding^ before the 
o-reat body of the people of the country ; 
that is if the country is to be depended upon. 
In all matters, either purely religious or po- 
litical, regard is had to the peculiarity of 
sect or party ; not so the Sailor's Home, 
which is an object of intense interest to per- 
sons of every sect, and every party. For il- 
lustration — there are numerous villages and 
towns in the interior of New England, where 
families are found connected with all the 
religious societies, whose sons follow the sea, 
all of which families are more or less inter- 
ested in the Sailor's Home. How obvious 



that an effort in the country — to succeed — 
that it should be made in full view of this 
fact ! There is no doubt of there being an 
interest felt in this object in the country, and 
that it may be turned to good account ; but 
the question is, ought the friends of seamen 
in Boston to wait the experiment being made, 
e'er they undertake the work themselves, 
which they are abundantly able to carry 
through ? There is still another question — 
may not the ability of the country be over- 
rated ? The parties most interested in the 
sailor's cause, are not the wealthy: it is from 
families in the humbler walks of life mainly, 
that seamen are drawn, where stinted means 
have been the occasion, in numerous in- 
stances, of the parties embarking upon a 
sea life. 

We hope the friends of seamen in the coun- 
try will take hold of this work: they ought 
to do so ; the welfare of their sons, as has 
been shown, demands it ; and not less the 
cause of Christ, which is intimately connect- 
ed with every effort for the social and moral 
improvement of mariners. 

But there are some reasons why Bostonians, 
especially Boston merchants and capitalists, 
should take this business into their own 
hands ; we will mention a few of them : 

1st. It is a matter of great pecuniary in- 
terest. The social and moral improvement 
of seamen is a better insurance, by far, upon 
vessel and cargo, than can be effected in 
State Street, and the rate much less than any 
of the offices will be willing to take it at. 

2d. Strict justice demands it of them. 
Sailors are stinted in their accommodations 
on ship-board, and their situation rendered 
uncomfortable, and often wretched, and all 
for the purpose of augmenting the owner's 
gain, by increasing his freight. 

3d. Equity demands it. The sailor has a 
claim upon the merchant for ill-requited ser- 
vice ; he has received his pay for the bare 
labor of pulling the ropes, (how well he has 
been paid we will not stop to inquire,) but 
for the loss he has sustained meanwhile, in 
beino- banished from home, and kindred, and 
all their happy influences, he has not receiv- 
ed a farthing ; alas ! they cannot be paid for 
in money. 

4th. It is a duty involving the highest 
moral obligation. The merchant is consti- 
tuted in the order of providence, the natural 
protector and guardian of the sailor against 
all who may harm him, including the land- 
shark. 

5th. The reputation of the city is at stake. 
Not a single monument has been reared to 
perpetuate the gratitude and public spirit of 
this great commercial city, whose enormous 
wealth, and multiplied resources of future 
prosperity, are the product of the sailor's 
toil, hardship and self-denial ; and should a 



132 



SHEET ANCHOR 



Secretary of the Navy visit Boston and in- 
quire for the Sailor's Home, as was the case 
the other day in New York, Bostonians would 
be compelled to hide their heads in shame. 

6th. The last reason assigned is — The 
Sailor's Home is a city enterprize ; it belongs 
to Bostonians, and to secure it a lasting hold 
in the affections of our citizens — especially 
our merchants, it should be carried through — 
mainly by city influence, otherwise it will fail 
to secure one of its most important objects. 
Nevertheless, the Sailor's Home in Boston 
must succeed, for it is of God. 

Might not a movement be started on 
'Change that would do up the business, in less 
than no time? We want to know. 

Fore and Aft. 



good paper. It is full of interest. May you 
prosper in the Lord. Our cause is still en- 
couraging here. Yours, truly, 

E. E. Ada.ms. 



For iho Sheet Anchor. 

Thus tiie Work goes on. 

Lo.ndo.v, May 5, 1844. 
Cashier of the Sailor's Home, M Y., 

Dear Sir, — It is with great pleasure that 
I take my pen in hand to address you on a 
subject so important as temperance. Tiie 
day I came on board the Prince Albert, it 
caused me much misery in my mind. In the 
forecastle I found five or six of the crew very 
drunk, and remained so as long as the grog 
lasted. But the all-seeing eye was upon us, 
and we labored hard in the cause, and I trust 
have done much good. The crew have often 
assembled to prayers in the steerage, and 
seemed much interested in the meetings. — 
The number that have signed the pledge, and 
kept it is ten. And four that signed in New 
York makes our number fourteen out of 
twenty-three. There is much to be done 
yet, and if the temperance men would take 
a number of pledges with them, it might do 
much good on the voyao-e. 

You will laugh at the idea of our causing 
grog to be abolished. Strange as it may ap- 
pear, it is gratifying to say it is the case. — 
There is to be no more splicing the main- 
brace this voyage; we do not hesitate to speak 
to the officers respecting the impropriety of 
it. They have given their word to us that 
they will serve out no more hereafter. 
Yours, respectfully, 

Frederick J. Parsons. 



TBI LOG BO 

"A Map of busy life.' 



>X. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 
Havre, July 5, 1844. 



-Mr. Editor, 

Dear Sir,— If the enclosed is fit for the 
" Sheet Anchor," it is submitted for inser- 
tion. It was first published in London in 
tract form. It is applicable to American as 
well as to English sailors. I intended it as 
one of a series of such tracts, but have not 
been able to furnish them. Thanks for your 



Rev. Mr. Demhon. 

Follow Me. 

" Cold, darkne?s, and solitude," was the 
despairing cry of a benighted wanderer on 
the Alps. A light suddenly gleamed in the 
distance. He approached it — there was a 
guide with a lantern — "Follow me!" said 
he, to the lost man. He followed. They 
drew near a precipice. The guide hastened 
to its verge — threw the lantern, which from 
its buoyancy, floated slowly down the decliv- 
ity. The traveller seeing only the light, 
which deepened the general gloom, stepped 
blindly from the precipice and fell dead at 
its base. There the banditti, for whom this 
guide acted as a decoy, plundered and con- 
cealed the corpse. 

Satan has his decoys, who throw the "fa- 
tal light," and the blind world follow it. — 
Pleasure, fame, wealth, is that light, and 
thousands who know not the false from the 
true — whose hearts are not illumined by the 
" Sun of Righteousness," follow it and fall. 
" There is a way that seemeth right unto a 
man, but the end thereof are the ways of 
death." Who are these decoys? 

The wicked shipmate is one of them. I 
hear him say to you, "follow me." Let us 
go ashore — to the theatre — the gin palace — 
the billiard room — come lads, come away. — 
Forever on board ! I can't endure it. I must 
have a flare up. Ship and cargo to the winds 
for once. Hoist sail for a land trip. I see 
the jolly comrades moving towards the shore. 
They reach it, and in a moment toil, danger, 
life, are forgotten. I tremble to anticipate 
the history of the next hour. Reason over- 
come — passion raging — money lost — life de- 
stroyed — these are the dreadful topics of that 
history ! " If sinners entice thee, consent 
thou not." 

The crimp is one of these decoys. He 
bids you follow him. These are his prom- 
ises : " I will provide you a home while you 
remain in port. Whatever shall conduce to 
your comfort on shore, or be required for the 
coming voyage, shall be furnished on the 
most reasonable terms. In a word, consider 
me your friend, give yourself no care — I will 
consult for you." All this, with a pot of 
beer to give the last assurance of sincerity, 
wins your confidence. (Alas, that you will 
not trust those who love you better !) You 
resign yourself into his hands — sign away 
your wages in the hour of intoxication — are 
led to the long-room, and the brothel, where 
your degradation is completed, and your soul, 
it, may, be sealed over to perdition ! " The 
dead are there .'" 

The strange woman is an agent of Satan, 
to decoy you. " Follow me," is her language. 



" I have decked my bed with tapestry. I 
have perfumed it. Stolen waters are sweet, 
and bread eaten in secret is pleasant. By 
her much fair speech she causeth you to 
yield. You go after her straightway, as an 
ox goeth to the slaughter, till a dart strikes 
through your liver ; as a bird hasteth to the 
snare, and knoweth not that it is for your life. 
Let not thine heart decline to her ways ; go 
not astray in her paths, for she hath cast down 
many wounded, yea, many strong men have 
been slain by her. Her guests are in the 
depths of hell." 

Permit me, however, to point you to one 
who has no such motives as those which ac- 
tuate these wicked beings ! " Follow me," 
is His language. This invitation was origi- 
nally given to two fishermen on the sea of 
Galilee. " Jesus walking by the sea side, 
saw two brethren, Simon Peter, and Andrew 
his brother, casting a net into the sea, for they 
were fishers ; and he said unto them, — 'follow 
me, and I will make you fishers of men.' " 
Peter and Andrew were called to follow 
Christ at a period when Jesus was called an 
impostor, and a price was laid upon his head. 
To be his disciple was, in the view of the 
world, the height of folly and madness. To 
be a Christian then, was to be subject to the 
malice and opposition of the learned and the 
great. You may expect the scorn of some, 
and the opposition of others. Your names 
may be " cast out as evil," the " lovers of 
pleasure more than lovers of God," may scorn 
and tempt, but they cannot hurt you. All 
are conquered enemies. If then you would 
be happy and safe — happy in losses and afflic- 
tions — safe in temptations on land, and in 
dangers on the sea — if you would serve a 
skilful captain, one who knows all the rocks 
and quicksands of life's voyage — follow 
Christ. If you love your souls, and desire 
to pursue the path of usefulness and honor 
on earth, and to enter at last the fair haven 
on high — follow Christ. 

Cry to him as Peter did — " Lord, save 
me!" Jesus once slumbered under the sails 
of a fishing boat, and there heard a sailor's 
prayer. He will hear it again. Soon the 
frail bark in which your soul moves on the 
sea of life, will be shattered. Vv'hat will be- 
come of the precious cargo then ? Already 
the storm of sin is beating upon it. Oh | 
keep an eye on the life boat. Enter it at 
once. It may pass by, and then you are lost ! 
" Follow me," says Jesus. " Come unto 
me and I will give you life." 

Jesus ! — Pull of truth ami love '. 
Wo thy gracious word obey : 
Faithful lot thy mercies prove : 
Take our load of guilt away. 

Lord ! we would on thee rely, 
Cast on thee our every enre j 
To thine arms of mercy fly, 
Find our lasting quiet there ! 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



133 



One Faithful Christian Sailor. 

The editors of the American Messenger 
have received an interesting sketch of the 
blessing which attended the labors of one 
faithful Christian, who embarked in a whale 
ship on her return voyage to this country 
from the South Seas. He was faithful and 
discreet, though often ridiculed and opposed. 
At length a tremendous storm, when he was 
calm and committed all to God, favored the 
impressions he desired to make; a morning 
prayer meeting was commenced ; the Spirit 
of God was manifestly present ; five sailors 
resolved to seek an interest in Christ; and 
the work went on till now twenty-six are in- 
dulging hope in Christ. The narrative is 
given by one of the number, who long oppos- 
ed, but has now had for months joy and 
peace in believing. 




Blest WOMAN'S voice ! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 



The Influence of Woman. 



This is undoubtedly one of the most pow- 
erful of the many instrumentalities that of 
late have been brought in to advance the 
cause of the sailor. We have been told that 
men govern the world, and that women gov- 
ern the men, and facts as well as history will 
warrant the assertion, that the direct, and in- 
direct influence of woman has from time to 
time borne powerful sway in deciding the 
destinies of nations. Trace for a moment 
her influence in Roman, English, French and 
American history, and see if we do not find 
much to convince us, that although she is 
physically denominated the weaker sex, still 
she has a moral power which is potent and 
irresistible, and of immense import to any 
religious, political, or moral enterprise. — 
Where would have been the religion of the 
Saviour of the world, if the gentler sex had 
rejected the blessed teachings of our divine 
Lord and Master ? Contemplate for a mo- 
ment the influence of a pious and lovely wife 
over an affectionate, but an unsanctified hus- 
band, and find an answer. What think you 
would have been the destinies of the Ameri- 
can republic, had the wives of the fathers of 
the American revolution, thrown their sym- 
pathies into the bosoms of the enemies of 
American freedom ? Let the serfs and min- 
ions of the old world, kissing the feet of their 
tvrants, answer. Where, think you, would 
stand the moral reforms of the present gene- 
ration, if woman's influence were suffered to 
retard their progress ? Call to mind some of 
the black plague-spots which mar the fair 



surface of her general influence, where she, 
lost to a sense of her shame and degradation, 
has prostituted her powers to vice, and de- 
filed the fair temple of her soul by gross li- 
centiousness ; think of the sad contrast and 
weep ! 

We have spoken of the general and ini'i- 
rect influence of woman upon great and im- 
portant subjects, and now let a few words be 
said upon her direct influence in behalT ol 
the righteous cause of the Sailor. Those 
who have interested themselves in behalf of 
seamen, have beheld with joy an incrr. 
interest on the part of the female portion of 
the community, in the cause of the sons of 
the ocean; and in behalf of those who go 
down to the sea in ships, we would urge upon 
the ladies of our fair country villages, where 
associations of the kind do not exist, the for- 
mation of " Female Marine Associations," 
so that by a combination of individual influ- 
ences, a greater amount of good may be ac- 
complished. How much might be done, if 
the ladies of our land would rouse their ener- 
gies, for the neglected sons of Neptune ! 
Let them organize all over the country, in 
the interior as well as on the sea-hoard ; let 
them have their monthly meetings), and let 
some one of their number read aloud from 
some of the many publications devoted to 
their cause, the cheering intelligence of their 
success, as well as the sad news of those who 
have found watery graves unid the conflict of 
the seas. Let them, monthly, collect assess- 
ments of 12i cents from each, and send the 
sum total to our sea ports to be appropriated 
in behalf of the sailor, as they may see fit to 
direct. Let the wives influence the hus- 
bands to work for the sailor ; and in conclu- 
sion, let all endeavor to minister to his spirit- 
ual as well as temporal wants, remembering 
the gracious promise, that " they that turn 
many to righteousness, shall shine as the stars, 
forever and ever." fjy 



TEE YOOTH. 

indicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 



The Shipwreck, 




[IT The following appears in a late number of the 
Christian Watchman, and is commended to such as have 
a son at sea. 

The Bark Potomac. 

Go, bark Potomac, speed thy way 

O'er the Atlantic sea, 
For thou dost on thy deck convey 

A son most dear to me. 

Go, bark Potomac, safely plough 

The surges of the deep, 
Thee, when the tempests fiercely blow 

Omnipotence shall keep. 

Go. bark Potomac, to the clime 

Where fruits luxuriant grow. 
The orange, grape, and acid lime, 

Their rich profusion show. 

Go, bark Potomac, and return, 

Bearing the son 1 love; 
Then shall my heart's thank-offeiing burn, 

And rise to God above. 

D. S. 
Boston. Julv, 18W. 



This picture represents a vessel which was 
wrecked on the coast of York, England. — 
The rock, you see, is about 300 feet high; 
or twice as high as the steeple of a meeting 
house. The men on the top of it have been 
trying to draw up the men from the ship, by 
a small cord. The first two who took hold 
of it, were drawn up safely. The third, af- 
ter being drawn up to a great distance, let 
the rope slip from his hands. He fell down, 
and was dashed in pieces. With the next 
one, the rope gave way, and he fell into the 
sea. Immedialely afterwards the ship went 
to pieces. All but two of the men on board 
were drowned. These two were washed 
into a cave of the rock, and were saved. 

The vessel had sailed from Sunderland a 
few hours before. All hands were drunk, 
and the ship was left to the management of 
a boy. He run the vessel upon the rocks.— 
What an awful warning to the intemperate ! 

Father Muilge and the Young Sailor. 

Our venerable friend who has preached several years 
to the seamen and others at New Bedford— Rev. ICnocii 
Mudge— has had many expressions of gratitude and af- 
fection bestowed on him by the sons of the ocean. 

The following is from a Christian sailor, who, when 
young, was taken by the hand by this good old man : 

From father Mudge, when a sailor from 
the port of New Bedford, I received the first 
evidence that any one cared for my soul in 
that region. From him I received, from our 
earliest° acquaintance, fatherly counsel, and 
repeated and continued evidences of solicit- 
ous regard for my welfare, which I am well 
assured°have not been entirely lost. We vis- 
ited New Bedford about the same time, I a 
reckless, dissipated youth bound to sea. He 
on a voyage of Mercy, to explore a novel sea 



134 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



of enterprise. To mark its bounds, its 
shores, its various shoals and quicksands, en- 
ter a crusade (deemed then romantic,) against 
the monster Prejudice ; and give community 
a chart whereby the poor, debased sailor 
might steer a true course from the bleak re- 
gions and pestiferous stews of dissipation and 
vice, and safely anchor in the peaceful bay 
of respectability, under the lee of the gospel 
(lag-ship. He has accomplished his task ; 
the way is open, the coast is clear. And, 
brother sailor, I found when I got home, he 
had opened for us negotiations at the court 
of Heaven ; had told the Lord all about us, 
and prayed Him to take us in his service 
again. I found a commission waiting for me 
from the Son of God, doubtless in answer to 
bis and other's petitions. I have doffed the 
old uniform ; put on the true blue of heaven, 
trimmed off with the gold of Ophir, and am 
now on board the gospel ship cruising for 
souls. The rations are good ; pay, an inex- 
haustible treasure ; and expect a large share 
of prize money ; and a harbor of eternal 
rest when the voyage is over. In other words, 
I am a Methodist preacher, who was once 
one of the wickedest fellows in New Bedford. 
There is room on board the gospel ship for all 
of us. Will you join ? 



.S3 



sa, 
o 




BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 7, 1844. 

KrThe SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Seamen's Convention at Baltimore. 

A convention of preachers to seamen, and 
ntlicr friends of the sailor's cause, will be 
held in Baltimore, on Wednesday, October 
:10, 1844, at 10 o'clock, A. M. A general 
attendance is requested. 

Boston Bethel Union. 

The first anniversary of this Society was 
held in Rev. Mr. Neale's Chapel on Mon- 
day evening July 29. A large audience at- 
tended. Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. 
Holman, of New Orleans. The annual re- 
port was read by the Editor of the Sheet An- 
chor, as Secretary of the Society. The fol- 
lowing is an abstract of the facts it contains : 



FIRST ANNUAL REPORT. 

The Managers of the Boston Bethel Union 
would report to the friends of seamen that 
the Society has been brought through the 
first year of its existence in the enjoyment of 
many tokens of the divine favor. 

Soon after our organization, public meet- 
ings for the moral improvement of the sailor 
were commenced in a convenient chapel, on 
the corner of Commercial and Lewis Streets. 
These meetings have been continued to the 
present time, with marked success. On the 
Sabbath there are three meetings at the 
Bethel, and two for the promotion of tempe- 
rance among seamen, on ship-board. The 
latter meetings are held during the summer 
months. They are numerously attended, or- 
derly, and productive of much good. The 
Sabbath School is doing well. 

Several interesting cases of moral improve- 
ment have occurred. The chaplain has been 
constantly engaged, except a period when 
family afflictions and duty called him from 
the city. He has attended eight meetings 
every week, and visited the vessels and board- 
ing houses as much as possible. Testaments, 
tracts and religious publications have been 
distributed by him among seamen, with 
promise of usefulness. 

The present Chapel will seat nearly four 
hundred persons. Jt is usually well filled ; 
but it is believed that more seamen would 
attend if a floating chapel, capable of seat- 
ing a congregation of 800, could be procur- 
ed. A committee has been appointed by the 
Managers to inquire into the probability of 
procuring such a chapel, and the means of 
paying for it. That committee is now at- 
tending to its duties, and will be able to re- 
port in a short time. 

Aid has been derived from Female Bethel 
Societies. Three of these associations in 
this city, and several in the country, are ren- 
dering assistance to the cause. 

In conclusion, the Managers of the Bethel 
Union would thank God, and take courage. 

Addresses were made by Mr. Hennel, late 
Cashier of the Sailors' Home, New York, 
Mr. Tracy, of the Boston Sailor's Home, and 
Rev. Mr. Kirk. All the speakers presented 
many important facts — the singing was excel- 
lent — and a good collection was taken. We 
hope the blessing of God will continue to at- 
tend the meetings of the Boston Bethel Union. 

Lowell. 

In all our excursions to benefit the cause 
of the sailor, there is no place we love to visit 
better than Lowell. This may appear singu- 
lar to some, when it is considered that the 
city is strictly a manufacturing one — that no 
ship is seen in its waters — no mast rises above 
its roofs — and that the mariner is but seldom 
met in its streets. But there are many, very 



many true friends of the neglected tar among 
these dashing wheels and humming spindles. 
No place in this country can call together a 
larger audience, in proportion to the popula- 
tion, to hear the claims of the sons of the 
sea ; and no people are more generous in re- 
sponding to those claims than the manufac- 
turers and operatives of Lowell. May the 
blessing of God ever rest on their kind hearts 
and liberal hands. 

This is not the place for us to speak of 
other pleasing peculiarities in this town of in- 
dustrial wonders. We have spoken of some 
of these striking things in a religious and 
literary magazine with which we are connect- 
ed — the " Lady's Wreath." But, wherever 
we may be, on the land or on the ocean, we 
shall always think with gratitude of the thriv- 
ing city of Lowell. 

We see no reason why we may not obtain 
at least a thousand subscribers in the city of 
industry. We secured 106 names, in a few 
hours, in three rooms of one establishment ! 
Nor is this all. Some of the ladies connect- 
ed with a Sewing Circle have forwarded us 
a large and beautiful quilt, to be applied to 
the comfort of the mariner in the Sailor's 
Home. We hope to render these fair friends 
of the cause the thanks of the sailor in per- 
son. It is our intention to spend the third 
Sabbath in this month there, (15th inst.) and 
shall address the people in the City Hall, at 
5 o'clock, p. m. 

Again we say — Heaven bless the friends of 
the sailor in Lowell. 

New Books. — " Life in a Liner," contain- 
ing descriptions of several voyages, is a val- 
uable book. It may be had of Saxton and 
Miles. " Morse's Pictorial Geography, " 
published by the Harpers, is for sale by the 
same house. We have never seen any work 
of the kind so well adapted for seamen. 

Trip of the Hamilton. — Our friend and 
brother, Rev. S. P. Hill, of Baltimore, has 
been enjoying a sail with Captain Sturgis. 
According to his sketches of the affair, they 
must have had a delightful time together 
cruising along the Capes, and touching at 
the Light Houses. We expect to follow suit 
one of these days. 

A CARD. 
To the Editor of the Sheet Anchor : 

Brig "TALLEYRAND," I 

Bosion, Augnst 16, 1844. J 
Dear Sir, — Permit ine, on the part of our crew, to 
make your valuable columns the medium of our heart- 
fell thanks to you, and those friends of seamen, for their 
friendship, their well wishes and prayers for the welfare 
of the sailor. 

We leave the port of Boston all hands teetotallers — 
determined to stick to our pledge — God giving us grace. 
We moan to sail on the sea of temperance, and waging 
war against kingr Alcohol's fleet, with the banner of To- 
tal Abstinence nailed to our mast-head. 

Our crew was shipped by John H. Kimbai.i., a wor- 
thy citizen and friend of temperance and seamen. 

Archibald S. Landelb. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



135 



TH! LOGKEH. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 
NAVAL. 

U. S. brig Somers, from the West Indies, last 
from Turks Island, has arrived at Philadelphia. 

U. S. steam cutter Legare, Capt. Howard, ar- 
rived at Old Point Comfort, Va., 21st ult., and 
would leave the first fair wind for New York. — 
In coming down the Potomac, the Legare injur- 
ed her propeller, so that they were compelled to 
put her stern ashore, and unship it. 

Commandpr Wetmore has been detached from 
the North Carolina, at his own request. 

A letter from Toulon, in allusion to the U. S. 
ship Plymouth, says: " She has been visited by 
the French admiral and commodore. They were 
both courteously received, and conducted through 
the ship. They expressed themselves as much 
pleased. The ship has excited very much admi- 
ration. The French officers say that she is a 
perfect 'bijou.' Certainly this is a compliment 
to our naval construction. Her officers are men 
of fine stature and appearance, and in their gen- 
tlemanly bearing do honor to the American navy 
and nation." 

Death of Com. Dallas. — The following 
news was received in New York, via Baltimore, 
which latter place it reached by way of Panama 
and Jamaica: 

Commodore Dallas died at Callao on the 3d 
of June, and wa3 buried at Bella Vista, (a small 
village between Lima and Callao,) in the British 
cemetery. 

The frigate United States, Capt. Armstrong, 
arrived at Callao on the 3d of June, the day of 
the commodore's death. 

(L/^Com. Elliott has been appointed to the 
command of the Philadelphia Navy Yard, in the 
place of Com. Read. 

Iron Steamers. — An iron steamer is being 
built at South Boston for a revenue cutter. An- 
other is to be constructed at East Boston, for an 
ice and tow boat. 

fX^Capt. Simpson, of schooner Saul, was ar- 
rested near Charleston, S. C, on an executive 
warrant, and brought to this city last week by con- 
stable G. Andrews. He is charged with stealing 
the cargo of the above vessel, in 1842, which 
was afterwards burnt near Calf Island, insurance 
being paid. One Thomas Chubbs, and the mate 
have been in custody since June last. 

Sword Fish. — Last year, one firm in Boston, 
Messrs. B. Abrahams & Co., packed about 400 
barrels, which always met with a ready sale. 
The sloop Star, Capt. Thomas Franklin, of Mys- 
tic, Conn., arrived at Boston a few days since, 
having caught fifty barrels in ten days ; seven 
barrels of which were caught in one day. A 
good fish. We speak from experience. 

OyjoHH B. Williams, of Massachusetts, has 
been appointed Consul for the Auckland Islands, 
in the Pacific Ocean, in lieu of his appointment 
for the Bay of Islands, in New Zealand, re- 
voked. 



O^ Information wanted of William Sow- 
don, late of England, a sailor, and now believed 
to reside in Boston or vicinity. He will hear 
something to his pecuniary advantage, on apply- 
ing as early as possible to Mr. Pomroy, Chief 
Clerk at the Boston Post Office. If any of his 
friends know of his whereabouts, they will do him 
a favor by advising him of this notice. 

Important to Whalemen. — Information has been 
received at the Department of State from the U. 
States Consulate at the Bay of Islands, New 
Zealand, that the Governor of that Colony has 
been pleased to permit, at its instance, American 
whale ships to land their cargoes of oil in the 
ports of New Zealand, for exportation either to 
England or the United States, thereby giving the 
ships an opportunity of refitting, without the de- 
lay or exposure of returning to the United States. 

Buoy on the Little Round Shoal. — Blunt's Coast 
Pilot, 14th edition, page 179, says: "Then by 
making a N. E. 4 E. course good, you will go 
between the Great and Little Round Shoals, at 
the South part of which (the Little Round Shoal) 
is a white buoy, with a small pole in the end 
of it." 

Now, the undersigned, made this buoy on the 
10th ult., in clear weather, and distinctly saw also 
the buoy on the Great Round Shoal, and the 
breakers also, and he found the buoy on the said 
Little Round Shoal, as black as the ace of spades. 
This is no doubt well known to the coasting ves- 
sels, but it should be known to other transient 
navigators. R. B. Forbes. 

Stranoe Suicide. — The proprietor and in- 
mates of Capt. Robertson's " Seamen's Home 
and Temperance Boarding House," in Thames 
Street, Fell's Point, Baltimore, were startled on 
Wednesday afternoon, 21st ult., by ascertaining 
that one of the boarders, George Daley, had com- 
mitted self-destruction. Mr. D. was universally 
recognized as a sober and industrious man. He 
was the mate of the bark Guilford, Capt. Smith, 
upon which he had taken employment but a few 
days past. 

05" The project of establishing a line of steam 
boats between Liverpool and Quebec, direct, has 
been started in the latter city. 

dj" Capt. Warner sunk a vessel called the 
"John O'Gaunt," off Brighton, by an invisible 
agency ; speculation is rife as to the means em- 
ployed. He is endeavoring to sell his secret to 
the British government. 

Velocity of Steam Vessels.— Mr. Henry Booth, 
of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, be- 
tween two and three years ago published some 
experiments by which he thought he had dis- 
proved the received law that the power required 
to propel vessels through the water, increases in a 
triplicate ratio of the velocities. He has recent- 
ly published another pamphlet with further ex- 
periments, the object of which is to show that by 
lengthening the vessels without increasing the 
breadth, and using the screw in placo of the pad- 
dle, we might gain a greater velocity with very 
little increase of power, and thus abridge the 
time of transit for ocean voyages. He appre- 
hends the time may be reduced between Eng- 
land and America to a week. 



INFORMATION WANTED 
01' MOSES DRESSER, of Haverhill, Mass., 20 years 
of age, light complexion and hair, light blue eyes, 5 feet 
8 inches in height, stout built, by trade a shoe maker j 
when last heard from was at the Island of Otehcite, in 
the year 1842. Address N. B Dresser, Haverhill, Mh. 

Also, of HIRAM OSGOOD MORRH.L, of Ames- 
bury. Mass., 32 years of age, 5 feet 8 inches in height, 
stout built, light complexion and hair, blue eyes, by trade 
a house carpenter. Address Moses Morrill, New- 
buryport, Mass. 

Also, THOMAS DEAN, of South Reading, Mass., 26 
years of age, dark complexion, black hair and eyes, slight 
built, by trade a shoe maker. In the year 1837, ho was 
attached to the U. S. ship Ontario, then at Boston. Ad- 
dress Mrs. Mary Skinner, South Reading, Mass. 

Also, of NOAH FRYE, of Woburn, Mass., 29 years 
of age, 5 feet 9 inches in height, dark complexion, hair 
and eyes, stout built, by trade a shoe maker. Address 
Nathan W. Frye, Woburn, Mass. 

Also, DAVID AUSTIN, of Great Falls, N. H., 18 
years of age, light complexion and hair, blue eyes, stout 
built, reported to have shipped on board the U. S. ship 
Columbus, in 1842. Address B. N. Austin, Great Falls. 



NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

POST OFFICE, PORT ELIZABETH, J 
Algoa Bai, Mi* 10,1814. j 

The Beacon placed in April, 1843, to point out the 
position o( the Dispatch Rock, (commonly called the 
Roman Rock,) situated in this Bay, having sunk, stran- 
gers are recommended, on rounding Cape Receite with 
a proper offing, to steer N. E. by JN. by compass, until 
the two beacons on the Western shore (one with a bar- 
rel on the top, the other with a cross,) are in one ; and 
when the cross is well open with the other beacon, they 
may haul up for Ihe anchorage, N. W. 

It is generally understood by Captains of vessels sail- 
ing across the Bahama Banks, that there is no channel 
noithward of the Orange Keys, and is laid down in 
Blunt's chart, that a shoal exists between the Orange 
Keys and the Riding Rocks. For information of mari- 
ners, Capt. Clark, of the Patuxent, says, that he has sail - 
ed over the shoal so laid down, a number of times, and 
has found a channel either about quarter of a mile from 
the Riding Rocks, or within half channel of the Orange 
Keys, and has found it 2J fathoms deep at low water, 
and observed no difference in the depth of the water 
from the banks surrounding where the shoal is so laid 
down. 



DISASTERS AT SEA. 

Ship Isaac Hicks, Lawrence, which arrived at Netr 
London, Conn., 22d ult., from Havre, reports that he 
passed, July 21st, several large sticks of square timber, 
and great quantities of white pine plank; saw more or 
less throughout the day ; at the same time saw apiece 
of ship's deck plank. All looked as though it had been 
in the water but a short time. July 29, 4 o'clock, a. m., 
lat. 46° N., Ion. 38° W., Jamas Williamson, seaman, a 
native of Scalloway, Shetland Islands, fell from the rim 
of the main top to the deck, fracturing his skull so badly 
that he died in a few minutes. 

Brig Pioneer, of Boston, from Baltimore for Braintree 
put into Philadelphia 24th ult., leaky, having been in 
contact with a British bark, supposed the Christiana, 
from Philadelphia for Quebec, on 22d, 70 miles S. E. uf 
Cape Henlopen. The bark struck the P. about midships, 
stove in her broadside, broke both plank shears, started 
the decks, carried away fure and foretopsail yards, split 
sails, injured rigging, backstays, headstays, &c, and it w 
supposed the cargo is considerably injured. 

Brig Houlton, of Prospect, Merifhew, from Philad«t- 
phia for Boston, was run into by brig Moselle, night of 
20th ult., off mouth of Vineyard Sounds striking her 
abreast of the main rigging, causing her to leak badlj 
The crew got on board the M. and the Houlton drifted 
ashore on Naushon Island, 2 miles to the westward ot 
Tarpaulin Cove, where she remained 21st, full of waUt 
The M oselle knocked off head and cut*»ter. 



136 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



THI SAII.0R II BATTLE, 

The following is taken from Mr. Pierce's book, " Voice of Adventure." 




The memorable Battle off Caoe St. Vincent, on St. Valentine's Day. — Page 184. 




2f2S£23 JK^JfSC E S? <©> '$? « 

Tbe Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
put it asunder. 



In this city, 25th ult., by Rev. C. \V. Deiuson, Capt. 
Jacob Hoffman, of ship Paris, of Salem, to Miss 
Rachel Coombs, of Boston. 

In South Scituate, Capt. W». H.Tai.bot to Mary, 
daughter of Capt. Elisha Foster. 

In Gardiner, Me., Capt. Thomas Smith, of Hallow- 
ell, to Miss Theodata L. Hall. 

In Stonington, Conn., Capt. Phi.nf.as Leach to Miss 
Marv P. Ellis, both of Plymouth, Mass. 



^^& 




THE I.AST V07AGB. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sadden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 



In this city, 14th ult., Capt. Elijah C. Crosby, of 
Brewster, aged 23 years. 

In Concord, IS'. H., 9th ult., Siihif.i. Abbott, aged 
38 years. Mr. A. had, for the last twenty years, follow- 
ed the seas as n whaleman. 

At sea, lGth ult., of yellow fever, on the passage from 
Black [liver. Ja.. to New Yorkj Cant. J. C. Johnson, 
muster of brig Port Leou. of Bath, Me. 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rev. SILAS BULKY. GEORGE L. COBURN. 
" DANIEL WISE. 



Committee 

For Gratuitous Distribution among Seamen. 

Rev. CHARLES W. DENISON, Sheet Anchor Office. 

Rev. E. T. TAYLOR, North Square Bethel. 

Rev. D. M. LORD, Purchase Street Bethel. 

Rev. J. M. BUZZEL, Chaplain of the new Seamen's 
Bethel, over Quincy Market. 

MOSES GRANT, Es«_., Cambridge Street. 

Rev. SETH BLISS, Tract Depository, Coinhill. 
" W. B. TAPPAN, American S. S. Union Deposi- 
tory, Cnrnhill. 

Dea. T. THWING, City Missionary. 95 Washington St. 

BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS, Esq., Atkins' Wharf. 

Rev. WILLIAM HOWE, chapel, corner of Friend and 
Deacon Streets. 

Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 
of Hanover and Prince Streets, Boston. 

Capt. T. V. SULLIVAN, 

General Agent for collecting funds for this 
object. 



Mariners' Churches. — -Veto York. Roosevelt 
Street, Rev. Henry Chase. 186 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Kev. 
I. R. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. ('. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev. G. W. Bourne, Exchange Hall. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord ; Bethel Church, North Square, Rev. E. T. Taylor. 
'• Boston Bethel Union." Rev. Charles W. llenison, 
Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. Elder J, W.' 
Holman, over Quincy Market. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

iVeio Bedford. Rev. ,VI. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Stieet. 

Newark. N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Pliiladelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev* 

o. r)Wff!.iss'. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, 1'hilpot St., Rev. H. Best. 



Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev. 
W. B. Yates. 
Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 
Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 
Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 
Oswego. Rev. F. Pierce. 
Rocketls, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-HOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Urodhcad. 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Bonrdinc House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Quin, Jr., No". 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr.. Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. Salisbury, Wo. 90 Commercial Street. 

David Ciiaffin, 77 l , Commercial Street. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Hosmf.r, No. 
51 North Market Street. 

Mrs Street, 2C9 Ann Street. 

A. Clark, 1 North Square. 

J. R. Taylor, 40 Southac St., for colored seamen. 

Salem. F.benezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mrs. 
Greenleaf, Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland, Me. — ^eamen'd Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Societv. No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 

Capt. Roland Gelston, No. 320, Pearl Street. 

Other Bonrdin<r-Hotises in New York City. John 
Mct.ell.in. 151 Cherry Street; Thomas Jenkins (color- 
ed.) 69 Ann St. v 

Home lor Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, 61 Cherry Street. 

Providence. It. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. Cant. Hamilton, 23 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, IV. 11. Charles E. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets. Soring HlH. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home. ( Eastburn House. )N"o 
ID. I, omhardy Street, near Front Street. Sam'l Room 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Societv' 

Sailor's Home. N. W. corner of Union and Front 
sts.. by Wm. Hammond, under thecare of the Seamen's 
Friend Societv. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home. No. 17, Main Street 
Can'. H.ilcolm. 

Nem Ilaren. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thamm 
Street. Fell's Point. 

Alexandria,!}. C. Sailor's Home, by John Robinsoo. 



¥ lM#rrt£t 



6 




" Which hope A^e have 



as an anchor of the soul."' 



JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. 



REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1844. 



No. 18. 



SHEET ASGHOH. 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS ROW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANE 

tO IIC.MAN1TV to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE HOLLAR A VEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain live subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
same proportion for larger numbers. 

AGENTS. 

OMEN'S CHAPLAINS: > E LA5T pJCE , 

EEPEttS OP SAILORS' HOMES. ) 

j£/- See list of names on lasi page. 



SEA 
KEE 



MI ftftO&Y 

"Wonders in the deep." 



The False Light. 

" A wreck ! a wreck !" is the most tre- 
mendous sound to a wretched mariner in the 
howling midnight tempest. But strange as it 
may seem, there have lived men, even in this 
country, who have made it their profession to 
lure vessels to destruction in stormy weather, 
for the sake of plundering the wrecks. One 
of the means resorted to for such a guilty 
purpose, was that of attaching a lantern to a 
horse, and leading the animal about the shore, 
to deceive seamen into the belief that they 
were approaching a vessel under sail. The 
atrocious expedient was often successful. — 
The devoted crew dreamed not of their dan- 
ger until warned of it, too late by the foam- 
ino- breakers that burst upon them from the 
shore ; and the vessel speedily became the 
prey of ruthless barbarians, who, to secure 
themselves immunity in their plunder, often 
murdered those who escaped drowning. 

In a small hovel, on the craggy shore of a 
deep and dangerous bay, dwelt one of these 
wretches, whose name was Terloggan — an 
old hardened desperado, who, united in him- 
self the fisherman, the smuggler, and the 
wrecker, but the last was his favorite occu- 
pation; and such was the confidence of his 
companions in his experience in this capacity, 



that he was usually appointed their leader, 
and rarely failed in his office. His wife, too, 
encouraged him, and not unfrequently aided 
him in his iniquitous exploits. Disgusted 
with the wickedness of his parents, their 
only son left his home in eariy life, and sought 
to obtain an honorable subsistence as the mate 
of a West India trader. 

It was a period when a long and profitless 
summer and autumn had nearly passed away, 
that Terloggan, like the vulture, ever watch- 
ful of his prey, was more than usually obser- 
vant of the signs of the heavens ; nor was 
any one more capable than himself of dis- 
covering the distant indication of a tempest. 
Nature had for several months worn a placid 
and most encouraging n-pr-et. The soft and 
azure sky seemed to rest upon the transparent 
sea, and the slowly extending waves swept 
with slow laurmuriug along the shining sand 
of the deep bay, with a wild and monotonous 
splashing, that seemed to strike like the voice 
of a prophecy upon the ear. No more hate- 
ful were the glorious beams of the orb of day 
to the fallen Lucifer, than was the quiescent 
state of nature to the dark mind of Terlog- 
gan. In his impatience, he cursed the pro- 
tracted seasons of tranquillity, and hailed the 
approaching period of storms as more con- 
genial, not only to the " gloomy temper of 
his soul," but to his interests. At length he 
saw with a smile of savage satisfaction the 
sun sink in angry red beneath the dim and 
cloudy horizon ; heard with exultation the 
hollow murmuring of the winds, and beheld 
the blackening waves rising in fury, and lash- 
ing the lofty rocks with their ascending spray. 
As the night advanced in chaotic darkness, 
the horrors of the tempest increased, and the 
long and loud blast of the contending ele- 
ments rung upon the ear like the death knell 
of a departing soul. "Now is thy time," 
ejaculated the old hag, his wife ; " go thy 
ways upon the cliffs ; there's death in the 
wind." Terloggan speedily equipped him- 
self, and ascended the steep promontory at 
the entrance of the bay. The usual expe- 
dient was resorted to ; and he soon observed 
a light at sea, as in answer to his signal. 



His prey seemed in his grasp. The light 
evidently approached nearer; and before au 
hour had elapsed, the white close reefed sail* 
ui' the vessel could be dimly discovered 
through the darkness, and the appalling cry 
pf the seamen at the discovery of their dan- 
ger distinctly heard. Signal guns of distioss 
were immediately fired, and the loud com- 
mands, " All hands on deck !" and " 'Bout 
ship I" were vociferated in wild despair. — 
Every exertion was made to steer the vessel 
from shore, but the redeeming moment was 
passed, the ship was completely embayed, 
and neither strength nor skill was *of any 
avail in averting her impending fate. In a 
few minutes a tremendous crash announced 
the horrid catastrophe, and the last flashing 
signal <y\\n revealed for a moment a scene too 
horrible to be described. The stranded ves- 
sel, hurled repeatedly against the jagged 
rocks, soon parted, the waves dashing over 
her hull with restless fury, bearing to the 
shore the shattered cargo, broken pieces of 
the wreck, and the tattered rigging; while 
the mingled shrieks of the drowning blend- 
ed with the roar of the conflicting elements, 
rose upon the ear like the despairing cries of 
any army of dying Titans. 

There was one, however, in whose eyes 
such a scene was joyous — in whose ears such 
sounds were melody — and that being was 
Terloggan. He waited impatiently until the 
storm had somewhat abated, and when silence 
began to indicate that the work of death was 
well nio-h over, he descended the well known 
clirt's to dart upon his prey. Unmoved by the 
horrid spectacle, (for the moon had broken 
from the clouds by which she had before been 
concealed,) he stood while gazing upon the 
scene of desolation around him, as if at a 
loss where first to begin his work of rapine. 
But to his surprise and momentary dismay, 
there was yet one living soul on board, who, 
should he survive, would interpose between 
him and his hard earned booty, and who was 
loudly supplicating his assistance. To de- 
spatch this unhappy creature in his exhaust- 
ed and helpless condition, was a resolution 
no sooner formed than executed. While he 



138 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



was appearing to aid his escape from the jaws 
of death, one stroke of his hanger laid him 
a livid and mutilated corpse upon the sand 
before him. Terloggan then rifled the pock- 
ets of his victim, took a ring from his finger, 
and laden with the most portable articles of 
plunder, retraced his footsteps to the hut. 

"What luck?" exclaimed his fiend-like 
helpmate, as he crossed the threshhold of the 
door. "Never better !" rejoined Terloggan, 
pointing to his booty. lie then described 
the success of his stratagem, without even 
concealing the particulars of the murder ; 
after which he displayed some pieces of gold 
coin, and the ring which he had taken from 
the stranger. " Give me the light," said the 
hoary villain. The hag obeyed. But no 
sooner had he examined the ring, than he re- 
cognized its form and certain marks upon it. 
His countenance changed, and with a groan 
of agony, he quickly handed it to his wife. 
She knew too well from whose hand it had 
been taken, and after glancing at it for a mo- 
ment, yelled out with supernatural energy, 
" Oh, my son ! my son ! my poor son !" and 
fell senseless at the feet of her husband. — 
Terloggan endeavored to master his feelings 
until the fact should be ascertained. 

He arose with the dawn, and hastened to 
the spot where he had left the murdered 
corpse. It was indeed his son. The stroke 
of retribution had been complete. Over- 
whelmed with despair, and stung by remorse, 
to which his heart had ever before been im- 
pervious, he determined on self-destruction. 
A few days afterwards, his mangled body was 
found among the rocks, and was interred on 
the spot where he had perpetrated his last 
deed of blood. His wretched wife perished 
a few weeks afterwards by the fall of her hut, 
occasioned by one of those dreadful storms, 
which she and her savage helpmate had so 
frequently invoked. 



THE BUOY. 

TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats to cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 

O" We take the following wilh much pleasure from 
the Report of Mr. Love, late missionary of the Ameri- 
can Tract Society to seamen, in New York. It was de- 
livered to the boarders at the Home. 

Temperance Prospects. 

In your temperance meetings I have met 
you with the deepest anxiety. I have regard- 
ed them as the powerful instrument which 
would wrest the poor, degraded, drunken 
sailor, from being an object of mockery and 
contempt ; and which would raise him to be 
a man, respectable and respected. A sailor 
while he continues to drink, cannot be any 
thing else than a drunken sailor. Those 
wishing, and working to merit this character, 
must always live in warfare with every thing 
divine and human. Before the mast they la- 



bor heavily, and wearily, for a few years, no 
one caring for their happiness, they having 
no care for themselves, much less for any one 
else, until they become so helpless and con- 
temptible that a rum shop boarding house 
keeper cannot ship them, or I should say, sell 
them at any price ! You know that this has 
been, and it is even now, too often the case. 
Doubtless some of you have been steering 
this course until hailed by the voice of Tem- 
perance. But it is not my object to bring 
again before you your past experience ; as I 
now aim at telling you what you may expe- 
rience in future. 

No sooner does the sailor throw aside the 
drunkard's coat, than he appears as he ought. 
While he wears that coat, he is a hypocrite, 
if an artificial man deserves that name ; nay, 
more, he is such a wild, reckless madman 
that all who would be happy to aid, or bene- 
fit him, think it but madness to attempt any 
thing of the kind. The most ignorant can 
perceive that no sailor but a sober one can 
appreciate that which is good ; and that he 
who wishes to become both great and good, 
must leave off drinking. On this account 
merchants are now looking with fond anxiety 
to your reformation. Your fathers, your 
mothers, your sisters and brothers, and your 
wives and children are praying with tears for 
this reformation. The church of God, by 
sea and by land, is laboring for this reforma- 
tion. And what prevents it from taking 
place ? Simply this — you, of your own free 
will, in opposition to every thing which is 
good, still continue to sail on the drunkard's 
track. But blessed be God that the com- 
mand " About ship," is now heard from all 
quarters. From the captain to the cabin boy 
this order is trumpeted now on every coast, 
over every sea ; and a host of noble hearts 
have responded to the call by determined ac- 
tion, and they have not " missed stays." — 
When all will hear and obey, what will be 
the consequence? Why, you will have the 
esteem and confidence of your employers — 
the blessings, and love of your relatives — and 
the love and gifts of the church of God. — 
Such literature as has made other men great 
and good will be poured in upon you, and 
you may become good and great. Instead of 
the infamous trash, and despicable publica- 
tions of a licentious and worthless press, in 
which you now, as a drunkard, take delight, 
and which fires your already heated mind, for 
intemperance and debauchery, you will then 
be happy in reading, and studying that which 
will enlighten your minds — fill you with wis- 
dom — raise you to honor — and it may be — 
lead you to God. The sailor who casts oft' 
drunkenness, ought ill the next place cast oft' 
ignorance. The opportunities you have for 
reading are many, the inducements are great. 

Every Week since my arrival among you, 
until the last one, fifty new names have ap- 



peared on the books of the New York Ma- 
rine Temperance Society. I know that some 
of those who signed will still continue to 
drink, but they do the most injury to them- 
selves — and we suffer pain from that. The 
great majority however, are, and, I am con- 
fident, ever will be sober men. The ground 
of my belief is, that out of the fifteen hun- 
dred men, with whom I have boarded at the 
Home, I have not, I am certain, seen more 
than forty drunk during the past three months. 
Does not this speak with a hundred, ay, 
a thousand tongues, and a brazen voice, — 
that the sailor will be reformed ! On, satlor, 
on ! You, and you, and you, and all of you 
must become temperance lecturers wherever 
you go. The greatest moral power that can 
be exerted over the sailor, is to be wielded by 
the sailor. In port or on sea, at home, or 
abroad, by conduct and conversation, let the 
blessings of temperance be acknowledged 
and exhibited. Until there be a general re- 
formation the innocent must, in some degree, 
be partakers with the guilty, of that curse 
which has too long hung over you. While 
it can be said of sailors, " Sailors are drunk- 
ards," you temperate men are included in 
the phrase ; and the only door of escape is, 
either for you to leave the sea, or have no 
drunken shipmates. 

I shall ever remember with pride the hap- 
py night when I headed a delegation of sea- 
men, from six different nations, to lecture on 
temperance to landsmen in the landsman's 
Hall. I know what you can do ; you are 
able if you are willing ; and I must with con- 
fidence look forward to universal reforma- 
tion. Against every opposition, I glory in 
the thought that I shall yet see seamen sober 
men — them reading men — them enlightened 
and honorable men — them gentlemen and 
Christians. While I have life and breath, I 
shall pray for this ; and whenever I can ex- 
ert an influence for the accomplishment of 
this — it shall be exerted. And if it shall 
please my Master to entrust me, at any time, 
with a congregation of his people, I feel as- 
sured that every one of that people will be a 
friend of the sailor. 



A Sailor's Cruise on Land. 

A sailor-correspondent writes us from New [raven, 
Conn., a short account uf a teetotal lour recently made 
by him. 

Mr. Denison, 

Dear Sir, — It is now past midnight, and 
feeling as I do the obligation that I am un- 
der to you, I am determined that it shall be 
still later before I go to my bed, for I have 
much to say to you. 

I left Boston the 3d of June last, and have 
spoken on the good subject of temperance 
sixty times. Wherever I have been there 
appears to be much of feeling in its favor. I 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



139 



addressed audiences several times in the city 
of New York, and had the happiness of know- 
ing that many signed the pledge. There ap- 
pears to be a steady, unhesitating determina- 
tion on the part of the friends of temperance 
to give no quarter to the great enemy of 
man — Alcohol. During my stay in New 
York, I received the utmost attention from 
friends to the cause, which attention I shall 
never forget. I went among them a stranger ; 
I left them with feelings of regret. As you 
have had the kindness, sir, to publish hereto- 
fore articles of mine, allow me to thank you, 
through the medium of that advocate for 
sailors' rights, (your "Sheet Anchor,") which 
Anchor, I am happy to inform you, holds on 
well where it is let go. 

I am grateful to Capt. Richardson, keeper 
of the Sailor's Home and President of the 
Marine Temperance Society, and the worthy 
Mayor of the empire city, who gave me a 
permit, although not upon one of the visiting 
days, to go upon Black well's Island, where I 
spoke individually with many of the pris- 
oners on the cause of their duresse. In only 
one instance did I hear that the cause for in- 
carceration did not grow out of a use of alco- 
holic stimulants. 

A circumstance transpired while I was ad- 
dressing a very large audience at the Sailor's 
Home, which I shall never forget. As I was 
telling of my misery in connection with land- 
sharks, a sailor 'came into the hall without 
any other covering than a shirt and panta- 
loons. As he walked towards the table, he 
exclaimed : " That is my situation exactly ! 
give me that pledge ; I will sign it." After 
having done so, said he: "I have been on 
shore but one night, in New York, having 
arrived at some other port, and resolving to 
go home ; but in that one fatal night the land- 
sharks have robbed me of more than a hun- 
dred dollars, and all the clothes I have, only 
these in which I stand." As I looked upon 
that noble frame, and saw the tears course 
their way down his cheeks, I thought of the 
many that were held in bondage by the power 
of appetite — and pledged myself anew to 
God, to live and die advocating the holy prin- 
ciples of temperance. During my absence I 
have spoken in the Connecticut State Prison, 
the Tombs in New York, and the Jail in this 
place ; and in no instance have I seen any 
want of attention, but on the contrary many 
were affected to tears. I have visited the 
North Carolina, receiving ship, and, as a 
whole, all the sailors I have seen and spoken 
with, are fast being impressed with the ne- 
cessity of signing the pledge. Yours, 

J. l c. 

!L7*Capt. A. VV. RiciURi.sn.v, of the ship 
Brooklyn, during his last voyage from Liverpool, 
called his passengers together, tilkml to iIimti 
about the evils ef usi ig smmj drink, and succeed- 
ed in obtaining sixty-one numns to tlie pledge ! 



GCJ" The following notice appeared in a late number 
of the Boston Bee : 

Boston Mariiic Total Abstinence Soeicty. 

It may have been inferred by some from 
our remarks, made a few days since, concern- 
ing the " Father Taylor's Total Abstinence 
Society," that no other Society having simi- 
lar objects in view, existed in this city ; this 
is not the case. The one whose title forms 
the caption of this article, was organized in 
September, 1843, and is now in " the full tide 
of successful operation." Rev. C. W. Den- 
ison, Pastor of the New Bethel, corner of 
Commercial and Lewis Streets, is the Presi- 
dent. Mr. Joseph Vose, a reformed man, of 
great energy of character, is the Secretary of 
this Society, which now enrols about 1500 
names. Their meetings, we are told, are well 
attended, and are of a very enthusiastic char- 
acter. We understand that not Jess than 103 
names were enrolled a recent Sunday. They 
have meton ship-board, at Lewis' Wharf, every 
Sunday, at 6 a. m., and 6 p. m., and on Tues- 
day and Friday evenings at the Commercial 
Street Bethel. 

This Society is beneficial and charitable in 
its character in another sense. It pays one 
dollar per week to any poor sailor who keeps 
the temperance pledge one year, and is in 
need of assistance. We can but repeat our 
previously expressed sentiment — May this 
auxiliary in a noble cause continue to "go 
on and prosper." 



THE KOMI. 

A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 

New York Sailor's Home. 

Mrs. Childs. in a letter from New York, to the Bos- 
ton Courier, thus speaks of this Institution : 

I made a visit the other day to the Sailor's 
Home, in Cherry Street. It is the largest 
and best arranged institution of the kind in 
the country. Indeed, it is the only one in 
the world built expressly for the purpose, ex- 
cept the Sailor's Home in London. The be- 
nevolent have made limited arrangements for 
the comfort and improvement of seamen in 
several of our cities ; but New York only 
has a large and commodious edifice erected 
especially for their accommodation. 

Shipwrecked sailors have a right to a home, 
gratis, at this institution, and they make pretty 
free use of the claim. But true to their gen- 
erous natures, those who return to this port 
are usually very honorable about settling ar- 
rears. A short time ago, a sailor presented 
himself, and said, "Captain, do you remem- 
ber me?" "No, my friend, I do not." — 
" Well, I don't wonder you have forgotten 
tne. I came here a tii'ng time ago. I had 
been wrecked. You gave me my board, and 
got a voyage for me. You told me to take 
my advance wages for the clothes I needed. 



I owe you seventeen dollars, and I have got 
just the money. Here it is, and thank you 
too. And now I want to get a short voyage, 
to earn a little money to go and see my old 
mother at Baltimore." After some inquiry 
into the merits of the case, Captain Richard- 
son enabled the honest fellow to go home to 
his mother. 

Considering the great value of this institu- 
tion, the merchants of New York have been 
less liberal towards it than I should have sup- 
posed they would have been. They subscrib- 
ed but 813,000. The establishment is now 
in debt $17,000, besides $10,000 to the 
State, for land. The State will probably give 
them this debt, though there is persevering 
opposition from those whose interests are in- 
jured by temperance houses. The State 
would, doubtless, a great deal more than save 
it, in the prevention of crime. It is impossi- 
ble to calculate the benefits, direct and indi- 
rect, of having six thousand sailors a year 
brought under the healthy influence of such 
an institution. Among the five hundred who 
meet there every month, there are many at- 
tracted by the character of the house, who 
decidedly prefer sobriety and modesty, and 
who take delight in reading, praying, and 
singing hymns. These place no restraint on 
the movements of others less seriously inclin- 
ed ; but a healthy influence goes forth invisi- 
bly from their example. New York is not a, 
Sodom, after all. 

Sailors Home ia Charleston, S. C. 

The friends of the sailor in Charleston are beginning 
to move in the erection of a Home. The Editor of the 
Mercury says : 

We copy the following article, descriptive- 
of the Sailor's Home, in New York, from 
the Episcopal Protestant, edited by our es- 
teemed fellow citizen, and the respected cler~ 
gytnan of St. Peters', the Rev. W. If. Barn- 
well. If its perusal shall have the effect of 
rendering any of our liberal and philanthropic 
citizens desirous of emulating New York, in 
the erection of a structure of such noble 
benevolence and generaT usefulness, Mr. J. 
W. Caid-well, the Treasurer of the Charles- 
ton Port Society, will gladly receive their 
charitable contributions. The fund, already 
in hand for this purpose, exceeds 83000, and 
is accumulating — and one more decided ef- 
fort at collections is all that is wanting to. 
adorn and bless our community with a mon- 
ument of practical benevolence and noble 
public spirit. 

SAILOR'S HOME. 

We were highJy gratified by a visit to thu 
Institution, in the city of New York. It iq 
an honor to the liberality and intelligenpe of 
those who founded and sustain it. We should 
rejoice to behold in our own city just such a 
monument of the pious zeal and practical 



140 



SHEET A N C HOR. 



wisdom of the community. Nor do we de- 
spair of seeing, should our lives be spared, 
such a consummation of the long cherished 
wishes of many of the warm friends of the 
mariners among us. 

The Sailor's Home, in New York, is one 
of the finest buildings in the city, construct- 
ed expressly for the purpose to which it has 
been put — the accommodation of seamen. — 
Besides Halls, Committee Rooms, Libraries, 
Museums, &c, it has several hundred sleep- 
ing rooms, and is capable of accommodating 
at the same time, about four hundred men. 
The Superintendent, and other officers of 
the establishment, are men who have been at 
sea, and who are decidedly pious, and so far 
as we were able to form a judgment, well 
qualified for their stations. The house is 
conducted upon the strictest temperance prin- 
ciples, and every thing contrary to the reli- 
gion of the Bible, and good morals, is per- 
emptorily prevented. The Scriptures are 
read, and faniilv pravers held every morning 
and evening, and every meal sanctified, by 
asking the Divine blessing. The neatness, 
cleanliness, quietness, and perfect order, 
which pervaded the whole place, were re- 
markable, when it is considered, that no other 
means than moral ones are resorted to for the 
management of the boarders. 

Order on ship-board is not so surprising, 
for the whole authority of the government is 
at hand to maintain it, but usually sailors 
have made up, by their recklessness and dis- 
order on shore, for the restraints to which 
they had been subjected on the water. But 
in this case, about a hundred and fifty of 
them came, and went to, and from, and about 
the house, read books, or tracts, or papers, 
talked and laughed with one another as so- 
berly and quietly as any other class of per- 
sons would have done, and we were told by 
the officers of the Institution, that deviations 
from the usual course of propriety were rare, 
and when committed, usually repented of 
speedily. 

We had the pleasure of sitting down to 
supper with upward.; of a hundred tars, and 
a more wholesome and abundant meal, we 
should not care to have, nor is it usual even 
at the best hotels, to see a more decent and 
orderly company. , 

Ministers of different denominations have 
free access to the establishment ; and prayer 
meetings, and temperance meetings, are held 
there several times during the week. 

A pleasanter hour we spent not in New- 
York, than that employed in visiting this no- 
ble Institution — and our purpose was, God 
helping us, to leave no effort unemployed 
until our own city should be blessed with one 
of a similar kind. We were told there in 
Xrw York, and we had heard it before, that 
a plan of a " Sailor's Home" had originated 
here in Charleston, though from want of 



means, that plan had been limited to a very 
small scale. Can we not, should we not 
arise, and evince our zeal for the poor mar- 
iner, not by planning only, but by accom- 
plishing our designs? Often has the inde- 
fatigable Chaplain of the Mariner's Church 
deplored to us the want of such an Institu- 
tion on an adequate scale ; and several lay- 
men of influence and energy have, at differ- 
ent times, interested themselves in this plan, 
but difficulties have interfered. Would not 
the present, when every thing is cheap, be a 
favorable season for undertaking the work, 
heartily and effectually ? 



T HI &#€* IOC 

"A Map of busy life." 



For the Sheet Anohor. 

The Telegraph. 

I was on a visit to one of the whaling ports 
of New England, and while looking from the 
window of my lodgings, my eye fell upon a 
gallant ship, with streamers flying, just enter- 
ing the harbor. As I gazed upon her, I ob- 
served that one flag after another was hoist- 
ed to the mast head, and lowered again, and 
others, different from the first, hoisted in 
their place. 

" What does it all mean ?" I inquired of a 
person standing at my side. " Oh ! they are 
telegraphing," was the reply ; " those flags 
you see are the. private signals of tlie owners." 

" Private signals of the owners," said I ; 
" and pray what use do they make of them?" 

" Why, they use them for answering any 
questions that may be asked them on shore." 

"And what are the usual questions?" again 
I inquired. " Oh ! among others, what kind 
of a voyage have you made? how much oil 
on board ? what vessels have you spoken ? 
how long a passage ? and any other question 
of interest to the owners." I walked away 
musing upon the last words " t>f interest to 
the owners." Suddenly it occurred to me 
that there was something strange, and un- 
natural in the whole affair. Interest of the 
owners, thought I. Is it possible that they 
are the mily interested parties? Where, I 
mentally inquired, are the fifteen or twenty 
youth who embarked on board that ship, as 
part of the crew nearly four years since? 
Surely each one of those has an interest, 
equal, to say the least, to either of the own- 
ers. Theirs was a grand experiment for 
life — involving character no less than money. 
It was their first vovake ; and successful 
or otherwise, it will give a coloring to all 
their future prospects. But the case of the 
owners is different. To them the results of 
the voyage, will he hut as one of a series of 
events, common in the lives of most ship 
owners. 



If, then, the owners have been successful, 
and made a good voyage, suffer us to inquire 
about the sailors. Have they, too, made a 
good voyage 1 The toil, the hardship and 
the peril have been theirs. How fares it with 
them, now that the voyage is brought to a 
close 1 Where is their private signal ? We 
see it not among the rest, floating at the mast 
head. Tell us — have they all come back 
safe ? have none died in a distant land ? none 
given up the ghost in mid ocean ? They have 
friends, who are interested to know — parents, 
brothers, and sisters, whose hearts are bound 
up in them. Have you nothing to telegraph 
of interest to those youth, to their parents 
and friends? Where is the mother's private 
signal ? Her darling boy strayed away from 
home, and embarked in that ship. Long has 
that mother thought upon that son, and pray- 
ed for his return. Many a winter's night has 
she arisen from her couch, and paced the 
room, with an anxious, aching heart, thinking 
of her absent child. Her thoughts were on 
the deep. She fancied him upon the win- 
ter's coast, and exposed to the pitiless storm 
that raged around her dwelling ; and she 
wept as she contrasted her own and his prob- 
able condition. 

And now that mother is before us. She 
has come from Iter distant home among the 
hills of New Hampshire. There she stands, 
upon the wharf, gazing with intense interest 
upon the newly arrived ship. It is her first 
visit to the sea-board. She has come as a 
mother, in search after a long absent, and 
only son. The providence of God has 
brought her to the port, from whence her 
son departed, just at the moment when the 
ship arrived in which he embarked. 

But her journey is in vain. He comes 
not with the ship! and why? It is a sad 
story ; but must be told. He left home with- 
out the consent of his parents. On reaching 
the sea-board, he found himself destitute of 
money and a stranger. He would fain have 
returned to the home of his childhood, but 
pride of character, no less than want of 
means, prevented. He has taken a rash and 
imprudent step, and forfeited, in his own 
opinion, the love and confidence of his pa- 
rents and friends ; he has gone too far to re- 
trace his steps. 

Alas! with the wounded spirit of an err- 
intr pon, that he could not understand the 
feelings of an anxious parent, more ready to 
forgive than to condemn a wayward child. — 
But that is impossible ; and n»iw what is 
there left trim but self-banishment? AVith 
desperate energy, lie decides upon his course, 
and a whaling voyage of three or four years 
seems his only alternative. Who now will 
assist him to carry out his plan ? The youth 
needs counsel and sympathy, but where shall 
he obtain them ? The land-shark, fitter 
is his only recourse; and he who lives upon 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



141 



the misfortunes of his fellow creatures, find- 
ing him a stranger — takes him in. 

Soon he is fitted away, and thus hecomes 
involved in debt at the commencement of 
the voyage, and finds plenty of time after 
getting to sea, to ascertain the extent to which 
he has been taken in. Thus, at the very out- 
set of his course, with one false step, and that 
followed np by imposition and robbery, and 
the way is prepared — for the ruin of an af- 
fectionate and endeared son. He is now on 
ship-board; compelled to associate with those 
in whom he finds no kindred feelings, gloomy 
and dissatisfied with the prospect before him, 
and feeling an utter unwillingness to labor, 
in order to meet the demand of the land-shark 
fiter — conceiving as he does that it is found- 
ed in injustice. 

The rest of the story is soon told. He he- 
comes broken spirited, and reckless ; and 
escapes from the vessel at the first port she 
reaches, after leaving the United States. 

We hove now explained why that mother's 
son did not return in the ship. In doing so, 
we have described the case of hundreds of 
New England's once promising youth. And 
we would say, in closing, to the parents, to 
the mothers of New England, pray for the 
sailor's cause. It is a matter to you of the 
deepest possible interest, and remember there 
are no mother's private signals, among the 
telegraphic signals in use in the ports of the 
United States. Lam artier. 



Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



(D*The following sensible remarks are from the last 
Report of the New York Female Bethel Union. We 
commend them to all our friends. 

Objections to the Cause. 

When we attempt to plead the Bethel cause, 
we are answered — " The churches have so 
much to do for other objects, that they can- 
not aid us." This argument betrays the na- 
ture of the difficulty which lies in our way — 
the cause of seamen is not understood or 
appreciated — it is looked upon as something 
new and distinct from the established system 
of benevolent effort, to be taken up only after 
other calls are answered — it is allowed to be 
good enough in itself — "but how," say they, 
" can the welfare of a few sailors be ranked 
with more enlarged missionary operations? 
or why do more for sailors than for mechan- 
ics?" Brethren, we plead for a reconsidera- 
tion of this subject ; we would ask, where 
can be found a field of labor more decidedly 
missionary in its character, or more exten- 
sively and vitally important than that of sea- 
men ? or which bears more immediately 



upon every effort to extend the knowledge of 
the truth 1 The conversion of seamen com- 
bines in it the two objects of foreign and do- 
mestic missions ; especially in this port, to 
which sailors from every part of the world 
are constantly resorting, and returning again 
to their own land to bear the influences, 
whether good or bad, which they have im- 
bibed in our Christian country ! Let the 
hundreds and thousands of heathen, who are 
thus brought to our very doors, be gathered 
under the sound of the gospel, and might we 
not hope to see missionaries, prepared and 
sent forth to as many parts of the globe, la- 
den with the glad tidings of salvation, which 
here, for the first time, met their ears ! To 
these, let there be added the mariners from 
our own shore, prepared in like manner to 
bear forth the word of life — and a machinery 
would be set in operation, which, in com- 
parison with what is now done by the aggre- 
gate labors of all our missionary associations, 
would be like the locomotive to the dray-carl! 
Look at the Bethel cause in this light, and it 
will assume its proper importance in our es- 
timation ; we shall see that in giving the gos- 
pel to seamen, we are sending forth light and 
truth to the uttermost parts of the earth. 

The Licentious Officer. 

Facts, of the most painful character, are constantly 
occurring, showing to Christian ladies hnw much need 
there is of their continual labors of benevolence in the 
cause of the sailor. 

The following tale is from the New York 
Courier of last summer : One night, between 
ten and eleven o'clock, a 'shore boat rowed 
by one man, and containing a young female, 
came along side the U. S. ship Independ- 
ence, lying off Ellis' Island, and on being 
hailed, the female desired to know if mid- 
shipman , was on board. On being 

answered in the affirmative, she insisted on 
seeing him ; but the officer of the deck told 
her that was impossible, as not only the reg- 
ulations of the ship, but the rules of the ser- 
vice forbade it. She urged, implored, and 
entreated ; but the officer, actuated by a stern 
sense of duty, was still compelled to adhere 
to his original resolution of refusing her ad- 
mittance on board. Finding that he was in- 
exorable, the young girl, without a moment's 
thought, sprang from the boat in which she 
had been standing, and sunk. A seaman, 
who had been in the fore chains, listening to 
the girl's conversation, saw her make the 
spring, and, as she touched the water, he 
sprang overboard after her, and a few lusty 
strokes brought him to the spot, as she arose. 
He seized her, and holding her up, the shore 
boat dropped along side of them, and took in 
the unfortunate girl and her gallant preserver. 

The officer of the deck had her brought 
on board, and, surmising that something ex- 
traordinary must have occurred to induce 



the female to attempt suicide, he summoned 
the first lieutenant. When he reached the 
deck, he drew from her a history of the 
causes which brought her out at that hour of 
the night, to such a place ; and it was one of 
love, confidence, ruin, and subsequent deser- 
tion. The midshipman who was the cause 
of the poor girl's troubles, was called on deck, 
and being confronted with her, was at once 
recognized. What steps the first lieutenant 
next took with the recreant officer, we are 
ignorartt of as yet ; but the young girl was 
sent on shore, having first given her address, 
wilh the assurance that full and ample jus- 
tice should be done, as soon as the Commo- 
dore arrived. 

Tom Starboard on Shore. 

A lady, on visiting heT native city in Eng- 
land, presented to two of her nephews a copy 
of the Tract "Tom Starboard, a Nautical 
Temperance Dialogue," No. 443. The first, 
a young married man who had become skept- 
ical, was so struck by the plain simplicity of 
Tom's account of his Christian experience, 
that he ordered all the infidel publications to 
be sent out of his house," to the great joy 
of his friends. The other young man had 
become intemperate, but was so convinced 
by the unanswerable arguments for absti- 
nence that he took the pledge. Both became 
active in circulating the Tract for the good 
of others. 

Another copy was loaned to a sailor in 
New York, who, after a few weeks, came 
and said it had been read till it was too much 
soiled and mutilated to be returned to a lady, 
but that he and five of his companions had 
signed the total abstinence pledge. 

From Capt. E. Richircov, ) 
President Am. Seamen's Friond Society. ) 

THE TOUT H. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 

The Shipwrecked Boy's Journal. 

A Frencli lad, shipwrecked in the Le Rndeur, in 1813, 
kept a journal, dirpcted to his mother, from which we 
make the following extracts : 

It is now just a week since we sailed ; but, 

indeed, it is not my fault that I have not 

sooner sat down to write. The first two days 

I was sick, and the other five were so stormy 

that I could not sit at the table without hold- 

j ing. Even now, we are rolling like a great 

1 porpoise, and yet I can sit very well, and keep 

the pen steady. Since I am to send you what 

j I do without copying it over again at the end 

! of the voyage, 1 shall take what pains I can ; 

I hope, my dear mother, you will consider 

that my fingers are grown hard and tarry wilh 

hauling all clay at the ropes. 

We are now fairly to sea again, and, I am 

sure, my dear mother, I am heartily glad of 

j it. The captain is in the best temper in the 



142 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



world ; he walks the deck, rubbing his hands, 
and humming a tune. He says he has six 
dozen slaves on board, men, women, and 
children, aud all in prime, marketable con- 
dition. I have not seen them, however, since 
we set sail. Their cries are so terrible that 
I. do not like to go and look down into the 
hold. At first, I could not close my eyes ; 
the sound froze my very blood ; and, one 
night, jumping up in horror, I ran to the 
captain's state-room. The lamp shone upon 
liis face ; it was as calm as marble ; he slept 
profoundly, and I did not like to disturb him. 

The wind, which had fur some days past 
been blowing a perfect gale, at length died 
raoaningly away, and we found ourselves 
rocking, without progressive motion, on the 
sullen deep. We at last heard a sound upon 
the waters, unlike that of the smooth swell 
which remained after the storm, and our 
hearts beat with a hope which was painful 
from its suddenness and intensity. We held 
our breath. .The sound was continued ; it 
was like the plashing of a heavy body in 
smooth water; and a. simultaneous cry arose 
from every l,ip on deck, and was echoed by 
the men in their hammocks below, and by 
the slaves in the hold. Our cry was answer- 
ed ! We shouted again, our voices broken 
by sobs, and our burning eyes deluged with 
tears. Our .shout was still answered ; and, 
for some minutes, nothing was heard but an 
interchange of eager cries. 

The captain was the first to recover his 
self-possession, and our voices sank into si- 
lence as we heard him speak the approach- 
ing vessel with the usual challenge — "Ship 
ahoy !" 

" Ahoy!" 

" What ship?" 

" The St. Leon, of Spain. Help us, for 
..God's sake!" 

" We want help ourselves !" 

" We are dying of huuger and thirst. Send 
us on board some provisions, and a few hands 
to wor)k the.sbip, and name .your owe terms !" 

" We cap give you food, but are in want 
of hands. Coipe on board of us, and we will 
exchange provisions with you for men !" 

" Dollars ! dollars! we will pay you in 
money, a .thousand fold ; but we cannot send. 
We h ive negroes on board ; they have in- 
fected us with ophthalmia, and we are all 
stone blind !" 

At the announcement of this horrible co- 
incidence, there was a silence among us, for 
dome moments, like that of death. It was 
broken by a fit of laughter, in which I join- 
ed myself; and, before our awful mprriment 
was over, we could hear, by the sound of the 
curses which the Sp-iiiianls shouted against 
us, th it the St. Leon h id drifted away. This 
vessel, in all probability, f Hindered at sea. 

" We only know she sailed awsv, 
And ne'er was seen <ir heard of more." 



tH-KT ANCHOR, 




)3-The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Seamen's Convenlion at Baltimore. 

A convention of preachers to seamen, and 
other friends of the sailor's cause, will be 
held in Baltimore, on Wednesday , October 
30, 1844, at 10 o'clock, A. M. A general 
attendance is requested. 

CJ^ The Editor of the Sheet Anchor 
will be absent for a few weeks, to visit his 
relatives in Wisconsin, and recruit his health. 

It is his intention to preach sermons on be- 
half of seamen, and the navigators of the 
western waters, at Buffalo, Milwauke, and 
other places ; and return by the way of Bal- 
timore, to attend the Seamen's Chaplains' 
Convention there on Wednesday, October 30. 
We shall write for the paper as usual, and 
keep up a regular editorial correspondence. 
The Sheet Anchor'/io/rfs us wherever we go. 

Seamen's Chaplains' Convention. 

We do not anticipate that the gathering at 
Baltimore, on the last Wednesday of next 
month, will be a large one. It is only in- 
tended as a beginning. We hope, however, 
it will do great good to the cause. 

Our friends in the monumental city will 
make such preparations as are necessary. — 
We hope that the chaplains in this country, 
both in the naval as well as commercial ma- 
rine, will attend. 

The Western Waters. 

The annual meeting of the American 
Bethel Soeiety, held at Burfilo, appears to 
have been an encouraging occasion. 

The following gentlemen were chosen the 
executive officers for the ensuing year : 

Ho.i. ADDISON GARDNKR, Rochester, President. 
G. HUMASON, Buffalo, Kecurding Secretary. 
Rev. 'J'. STILLMAN. Dunkirk, Correspond. Secretary. 
THOMAS FARNI1AM, Buffalo, Treasurer. 

Ercculive Committee — IN. H. Gardner. Rev. W. 
Buri.inohame, Rev. J. C. Lord, Joseph DAHT.Jr., 
Kev. A. T. Hopkins, Rev. Levi Tucker, Rev. 1„ H. 
Angivr, George Davis, Thomas Faiinham. Jona- 
than 1 MlYIIEW, D M. VANDEHPOnl., W.M. CHARD, 

Georok W. Tikft, N. B. Palmer, R. B. Heacuck. 



Appropriate and interesting remarks were 
made by Messrs. Deacon M. Eaton, Judge 
Wilkeson, and Rev. Samuel M. Hopkins. 

The Chapel at Buffalo has been erected, 
and well attended. Rev. V. D. Taylor is 
the chaplain — an efficient man for that im- 
portant station. 

Bibles, Testaments and tracts have been 
liberally distributed. The Sabbath School 
is flourishing. A great advance has been 
made in the temperance cause. The Sab- 
bath is much more generally observed. The 
Home, under the care of E. Holcomb, con- 
tinues well worthy of public patronage. 

Similar results are occurring at Cleaveland 
and Oswego. At the latter place an effort 
is now being made to erect a chapel. Capt. 
Wright, of Oswego, has visited Boston, on 
behalf of the object. We hope he will meet 
with success every where he applies, for the 
object is worthy. 

We shall have more to say of the Western 
waters. 

The Gospel Ship, No. 3. 

The importance of this ship is evident to 
every candid and reflecting mind. Let us 
study its nature and safety. Those who have 
experienced the dangers of the sea, and wit- 
nessed the destruction caused by winds and 
tempests of the billowed deep, should love 
this ship. Worn down by fatigue, hunger 
and cold ; on deck, when all is dark and 
dreary; without hope ; dejected, in despair: 
who comes to the sailor's rescue ? The Gos- 
pel Ship! Then the Commander's voice is 
heard, " a-hoy ! come aboard ! your wreck 
of a vessel is sinking down ! stretch forth 
your hand, brother sailor! Your safety de- 
pends on this offer. O ! reject it not. Give 
up your frail bark of self-complacency, and 
come to this new crew, bound for the port of 
peace. Come ! be safe on board the gospel 
ship !" 

See ! a man is overboard ! He is strug- 
gling for life. The life-boat is on its way of 
rescue. He is saved from death. The thun- 
dering* and lightnings of mount Sinai's law, 
threatened his hope of salvation while trust- 
ing to his own good works ; but since he fled 
to the gospel of Christ, the ark of safety, to 
mount Zion, the sure retreat from the adver- 
saries of souls, he is safe. Come, brother 
sailor ! flee from the world, the propensities 
of your heart, the flesh, and the devil. Flee ^ 
from your wicked companions — from the in- 
toxicating cup — dash it to the earth ! It will 
bite like a serpent, and sting like an ad- 
der. Exhort your companions and friends to 
come home with you, on board the gos-pel 
ship, which will anchor your souls sure and 
steadfist in the port of immortal ghiry. 

Sailor friend ! come home to your heavenly 
Father's house, where there is bread enough 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



143 



and to spare. Mothers, sisters, brothers, say 
come. The spirit and the bride say come ; 
and whosoever will, let him take the waters 
of life freely. l. n. 

THE LOCK1R. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany . 
NAVAL. 

U. S. brig Oregon, Lieut. Com. Sinclair, arriv- 
ed at Norfolk, 5th inst. from New York. 

U. S. steamer Poinsett, Lieut. Com. Semmes, 
arrived at Pensacola, 4th inst. from Apalachicola, 
via St. Andrews Bay, having completed the sur- 
vey of the different harbors between that and St. 
Marks. 

U. S. Revenue schooner Duane, Lt. John L. 
Prouty, commanding, on a cruise, with C. H. 
Minge, collector of the port of Mobile, on board, 
arrived at Pensacola, 1st inst., and sailed for Mo- 
bile the 3d. 

Passed midshipman Francis Alexander, who 
has been attached to the Naval Rendezvous, at 
Norfolk, Va., has been appointed Naval Store 
Keeper at Port Praya, west coast of Africa. 

Mr. Cooper has prepared for the press an elab- 
orate work, entitled " Proceedings of the Naval 
Court Martial in the case of Commander Alexan- 
der Slidell Mackenzie." 

The commercial navy of Great Britain consists 
in round numbers of 27,000 sailing vessels, of 
above 30 tons; collectively, of three millions tons 
admeasurement. These, and her vessels of war, 
are manned by upwards of 220,000 seamen. — 
Fishermen, and crews of vessels under 30 tons 
amount to 150,000 more, together 370,000 men. 

At the latest dates, twenty ships of war, of 
different nations, were assembled in the bay ot 
Tangiers. Mr. Walsh says that Tangiers has 
not more than ten or twelve thousand inhabitants ; 
it has a noble roadstead, but is insignificant as a 
port. 

(U 3 Maury's Navigation has been adopted by 
the Department, as the Text Book of the Navy. 

Launch. — The new ship John R. Skiddy, about 
1100 tons, built for a packet between New York 
and Liverpool, launched from the yard of Messrs. 
McKay &. Pickett, Newburyport, is the largest 
vessel ever built on the Merrimac. 

Canal across the Florida Peninsula. — It has 
lately been stated that a route for a railroad has 
recently been surveyed across the Florida Penin- 
sula. The establishment of a rail road would 
doubtless be attended with many advantages; 
but the construction of a large ship canal would 
be a noble work, and attended with immense 
benefit to the country. 

Gangway Rock. — There is a dangerous rock 
off the harbor of Hyannis, called the Gangwny 
Rock, with only five feet water, with a buoy on 
it To the westward of the Gangway, lies a reef 
with several shoal rocks upon it, that have not 
more than seven feet of water on them. One of 



these rocks was lately struck by the bark Mohawk, 
and the captain supposed it was the Gangway 
Rock, and the buoy was out of place. We learn 
thatan examination has been made, and the Gang- 
way Rock, with the buoy on it was found, agree- 
ing with former landmarks. 

Canary Islands. — The American Minister at 
Madrid has given information to the Department 
of State at Washington, that the Quarantine 
Laws of the Canary Islands have been modified, 
as follows : 

1st. All vessels arriving from ports of the U. 
States, north of Cape Hatteras, and bringing 
clear bills of health, countersigned by the Span- 
ish Consul, resident in the port of departure, or 
the Collector of the same, shall be admitted to 
immediate pratique. , 

2d. Every vessel subject to quarantine shall 
be permitted to perform it at the port of her des- 
tination. 

fly The jaw bone of a whale ninety feet in 
length, has arrived at Baltimore. The length of 
the jaw-bone is not stated. 

fjy The Mexicans belonging to the two steam 
frigates at New York, complain that they are bad- 
ly treated— insulted in the streets, &c. 

Sailors Wanted.— A late St. Johns, N. B. 
paper says a great scarcity of seamen exists in 
that port at present, and wages have advanced 
in consequence to $20 per month ; and $20 is 
demanded for the run to England. 

fl^T" A steam-packet mail is about to be estab- 
lished between London and the Isthmus of Da- 
rien. A steamer is to go every month to Cha- 
gres, Carthagena, and St. Juan de Nicaragua; 
and passengers can go thence across the Isthmus 
to meet sailing packets for any port in the Pacific, 
thus avoiding the dangerous voyage round Cape 
Horn. 

Qy The whole amount expended in Missions 
to the Sandwich Islands, by which a whole peo- 
ple have been civilized, and multitudes Christian- 
ized, is stated to be less than the expense of one 
year's cruise of a 74 gun ship. 

Junction of the Atlantic and the Pacific. J. C 

Pickett, U. S. Charge d'Affairs at Lima, publishes 
in the National Intelligencer, a communication in 
relation to the long proposed and much talked of 
Canal across the Isthmus of Panama. Of the 
five points at which an artificial communication 
might be opened between the two oceans, Mr. P. 
is satisfied that the Isthmus of Panama is the 
only one which promises favorably. 

The Mosquito Territory. — The British 
government has taken formal possession of the 
Mosquito Kingdom, on the American continent. 
The British flag was hoisted on the 6th of July, 
at Blewfield, the head quarters of the British 
Diplomacy, under a salute of guns and the hur- 
rahs of the people. This territory will afford 
the British a safe retreat and dock-yard for their 
West India fleets, and with abundant supplies. 

05** A vessel recently arrived from St. Hele- 
na, reports eighty sail of English shipping, pro- 
curing cargo, and that the island was nearly half 
gone. 



INFORMATION WANTED 
Of PARKER GOWELL WORCESTER, of Berwick, 
Me.,3u' years of age, stout built, florid complexion, au- 
burn hair, blue eyes. Address Mosr.s R. Wurcestlr, 
Great Falls, N. H. 

Also, of ASA HAZEN, of (Jroton, Man., 29 years of 
age, light complexion, dark brown hair, light blue eyes, 
five feet ten inches in hcighi, spare built, former occu- 
pation, a farmer. When last heard from was in the ma- 
fine service at Charlostown, in the year 1833 or 1831 
Address Daniel C. HiZEN, Groton, Mass. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 
Governor's Shoal. — Pitt's Passage —The follow- 
ing cross bearings (by compass,) of this shoal, may be 
relied on, taking, when passing over it: East point of 
Boo Islands, JS. by E. 4 E. ; S. W. of do , E., W. J W. ; 
Pulo Pisang, of do. W. by S. ; Pulo Popo of do. E. by 
N. J IN. ; lot 1° 20' S., Ion. 120° 21' E. It being 6 miles 
N. W. of the position laid down by Horsburgh, and he ia 
uncertain as to its true position. 

TRINITY HOUSE, | 

London, Ma; 14, 1844. ( 

Notice is hereby given, that the Light House which 
has been for some time past in course of election on the 
West end of the Breakwater, in Plymouth Sound, under 
the direction of the Right Honorable the Lords Com- 
missioners of the Admiralty, is nearly completed ; and 
that the light therein will be first exhibited on the eve- 
ning of Saturday, June 1, when the floating light vessel 
will be taken away. 

The light will burn at an elevation of G2 feet above 

the level of high water, spring tides — and will appear 

red in all directions seaward — and while within the line 

of the breakwater. A bell will be rung in foggy weather. 

By order, j, Herbert, Secretary. 

St. Petersburg, May 22, 1844. 
During the summer of the present year, there will be 
erected two poles on the South part of the bank, in the 
bay of Finland, two and a half Italian leagues S. W. by 
S. of the Island Tuporan Sari, before the entrance of 
Wyburgj the pilots of the Brooksund station will, in 
future, every year after the opening of navigation, place 
the same at the foreinentioned bank. 

DISASTERS AT SEA. 
Schooner Edward Adams, from Bangor for Providence, 
put into Owl's Head. 31st ult., with rudder unhung, and 
leaking 200 strokes per hour, having struck on the Mus- 
cle ledges. Schooner Toronto, Grant, from Frankfort 
for Boston, put in satne day, having struck same ledges. 
Capt. Fish, of sloop Vineyard, at New Bedford, 4th, 
from Edgartown, reports that a full rigged brig, deep 
loaded, went ashore on Edgartown flats, evening of the 
4th, in a strong N. E. blow ; also, a topsail schooner, on 
Cupe Poge, near the light; and a vessel, apparently a 
topsail schooner, ashore on the middle ground in Vine- 
yard Sound. All the above remained on shore 5lh inst. 
Key West, Aug. SI. — Schooner Ranger, Merrihew, 
from Galveston for Baltimore, with brandy and salt hides, 
run ashore on Carysfort Reef, morning of 21st ult., best 
over the reef after throwing overboard 200 hides, and 
came to anchor. Took the assistance of the wrecking 
sloop Mt. Vernon, which brought him to this port 23d 
A severe gale was experienced at the S. W. Pass of 
the Mississippi, commencing 25th ult.. about 12 o'clock, 
M.,from the S. S. W., and increased to a perfect gale, 
which lasted until Monday night, veering round to W. 
S. W., a very heavy sea running at the time. The fol- 
lowing vessels were reported by tow-boat Daniel Web- 
ster, which left the Pass 27th, at 4, p. M. : 

Ship Henry, iNoyes, of Portsmouth, for .Marseilles, 
aground on the bar. leaking badly, and will be obliged to 
return to the city for repairs. 

Ship Clifton, Ingersoll, for Liverpool, is also aground] 
on the bar, leaking badly, and will be obliged to return. 
Ship Troy, Hills, for Liverpool, was aground on the 
bar, but it is believed received no other injury than Blighl- 
ly damaging her rudder. 

Ship Arvom, Vinal. of Thomneton, 26 days from Bo*- 
'. >d, got aground coming over the bar, and sprung aleak. 



144 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



LOSS @W THE "H0BIE. 



»? 




Lost on hei passage from New York to Charleston, October 9, 1837. Ninety-five persons drowned. 

For all the particulars, see a deeply interesting book, by Warren Lazell, Worcester, called " Steam Boat Disasters." It can be had 

in Boston, at Reynolds' No. 20 Cornhill. 




IP BE 3 HgO'IL^ J£»<&3?. 

The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
pat it asunder. 



In this city, flth inst., by Rev. C. VV. Df.nison, Mr. 
Ei.munr.E G. Hopkins to Miss Mary Ann Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of Samuel H. Havwarii. 

In Bristol, R. I., Mr. J e rem i ah Pease, Jr., of Edgar- 
town, Ms., to Miss Lucy R. Munroe, daughter ol'Capt. 
Al.LEN M., of B. 

In Stonington, Conn., 18th tilt., Capt. Puineas Leach 
to Miss Mary P. Ki.i. is. 

In Kastport, Me., 2d inst., Lieut. George Hayks, Jr., 
United States Revenue Service, to Mrs. Sophrona B. 
Farrar. 




THE X.AS7 VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Header! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENT. 
Rev. SILAS BULKY, of Dorchester. 

Committee 

For Gratuitous Distribution among Seamen. 

Rev. CHARLES VV. DENISON, Sheet Anchor Office. 

Rev. E. T. TAYLOR, North Square Bethel. 
'Rev. D. M. LORD, Purchase Street Bethel. 

Rev. J. M. BUZZEL, Chaplain of the new Seamen's 
Bethel, over Quincy Market. , 

MOSES GRANT, Eso.., Cambridge Street. 

Rev. SETH BLISS, Tract Depository, Cornhill, 
" W. B. TAPPAN, American S. S. Union Deposi- 
tory, Cornhill. 

Dea. T. THWINCJ, City Missionary. 96 Washington St. 

BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS, Esq,., Atkins' Wharf. 

Rev. WILLIAM HOWE, chapel, corner of Friend and 
Deacon Streets. 

Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 
of Hanover and Prince Streets, Boston. 

Capt. T. V. SULLIVAN, 

General Agent for collecting funds for this 
object. 



On board ship Georges, on the coast of Sumatra, 

Russell, (ciptaiu's son. 2d mate ;) and Wm Sinclair, 
Joseph Campbell, G. D. I.iwresce. W. E. Gai.las. 

Lost overboard from bark Gulnaro, Feb. 27, on the first 
night after leaving Boston, Charles Ahams, cook of 
said vessel. 

On board schooner H. Lawrence 21st ult.. of fever, on 
the passage from Jamaica to New York, Capt. D. D. 
Churchill, master of tho H. L. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street, Rev. Henry Chase. 136 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cheery Streets, Rev. 
I. K. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, fool of Pike 
Street, East River. Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev.G. \V. Bourne, Exchange Hall. 

Boston. Mariner's Church. Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord; Bethel Church, North Square, Rev. E.T. Taylor. 
'• Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. Elder J. W. 
Holman, over Quincy Market, 

Salem. Chapel. Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford, Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark, N. J. Rev. Frederick Pitch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 
O. Dmuriaas. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point. Philpot St., Rev. H. Best. 

('haileston. Church -Street, near Water Street, Rev. 
W. li. Yates. 

Buffalo. Rev. V. P. Taylor. 

Clevtland. Rev. William Day. 



Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 
Oswego. Rev. F. Piprce. 
Rockclts, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 
Alexandria, D. C. The resident Clergy. 
Saoannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev.G. White. 



GOOD SAILOR. BOAllDOG-llOllSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's Hou:.e, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead, 22li Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 26;} Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boardinu House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Quin, Jr., No, 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes. Jr.. Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. Salisbury, .No. 90 Commercial Street. 

David Chaffin, 77A, Commercial Street. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Hosmer, No. 
51 North Market Street. 

Mrs, Street, 209 Ann Street. 

A. I 'lark, 't North Square. 

J. R. Taylor, 10 Southac St., for colored seamen. 

Salem. Ebenezer Griffin, near South Briilgc > Mrs. 
Greenleaf, Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland, Me. — Seamen's Mansion, by H, A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 

Capt. Roland Gelsion, No. 320. Pearl Street. 

Other Boardins-Houses in New York City. John 
McLellan,154 Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, lil Cherry Street. 

Providence, R. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South Water Street. 

t'liinlcslvn. Capt. Hamilton. 23 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Myers, comer Mar- 
ket anrl Bow Streets. Soring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home. ( Eastbnrn House. )No, 
10, Lombardy Street, near Front Street. Sam'l Room, 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Society- 
Sailor's Home. N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts., by Wm. Hammond, under thecare ot the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Maiu Street, 
Capl. Halcolm. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street. Fell's Point. 

Alexandria, V. C. Sailor's Home, by John Robinson. 

Boarding for American Matesin Havre, France. Mrs. 
Phene and Son, No 20. Quai Lombardie ; Mis. Latham, 
No, 44, Quai Lamblardie. 






£ r^^ryciL 




" Which hope Ave have 



as an anchor of the sou].*' 



JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. : 



REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1844. 



No. 19. 



SHUT AHGHOR. 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS ROW.] 
Mot sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMKN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANCE 

tO HUMANITY to 1 NTELLIC EKCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive a sisth copy gratis. and the 
•ame proportion for larger numbers. 

AGENTS. 
SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: ) 

KEEPERS OF SAILORS' HOMES. 5 

$y See list of names on last page. 



into ripples before the soft breezes of the 
spring. Vessels from England arrive on the 
coast; but they bring no tidings of the New 
Haven ship. Vain is the solicitude of wives 



afterwards, while several of the witnesses of 
this strange appearance were yet alive, the 
story was reported by some of the survivors, 
that Mr. Davenport publicly declared "that 



SEE LAST PAGE. 



THE 8TORT. 

"Wonders in the deep." 



The Phantom Ship. 

Bacon's Historical Discourses gives an ac- 
count of a singular incident or phenomenon, 
which occurred in the early history of New 
Haven. The enterprising colonists sought 
to build up their town, beautifully laid out, 
by an active commerce, both foreign and do- 
mestic. But failing in their efforts, and hav- 
ing met with various disasters, the company 
of merchants united. their resources in build- 
ing and loading out a ship for England, to 
try if any better success might befall them. 

" Into this ship," says an ancient historian, 
"they put in a manner all their tradeable 
estates, much com, and large quantities of 
Plate;" and among the seventy that embark 
for the voyage are several " of very precious 
account" in the colony. In the 'month of 
January, 1646, the harbor being frozen over, 
a passage is cut through the ice, with saws,' 
for three miles; and "the great ship," on 
which so much depends, is out upon the wa- 
ters, and ready to begin her voyage. 

Mr. Davenport, and a great company of 
the people go out upon the ice, to give the 
last farewell to their friends. The pastor, in 
•oleran prayer, commends them to the pro- 
tection of God, and they depart. The win- 
ter passes away ; the ice-bound harbor breaks 



and children, of kindred and friends. Vain ; God had condescended to give, for the quiet- 
are all inquiries. I ing of their afflicted spirits, this extraordi- 

" They ask the waves, they ask the felon winds, I nary account of his disposal of those for 

And question every gust of rugged winds whom so many prayers had been offered." 

That blows from off each beaked promontory." 

Month after month hope « aits for tidings. Marine Disaster— Thrilling Narrative. 

Affection, unwilling to believe the worst, Captain BeurV) of the ship V icksbur<x, 
frames one conjecture and another, to ac- which arrived , ate , y from N(JW Qr|eanSj re _ 
count for the delay. Perhaps they have been ports that on , he 6th of Au<rustj in , at ^o 
blown out of their track upon some undis- 3r> lon 87 » 4&> m object fe , t()c appear _ 
covered shore, from which they will by and j ance of a boat wag discovered ■ about tllree 
by return to surpr.se us with their safety,' points fonvard of the weather beam The 
perhaps they have been «. v t„red and are now j ship . g course was immcdinte|y :lltered [0 „. ard 
in confinement. How many prayers are of- | it> and on reac hing it was hove to. The boat 
fered for the return of that ship, with its j was taken a , ongsil j e and seven persons re- 
priceless treasures of life and affection ! At 



last anxiety gradually settles down into de- 
spair. Gradually they learn to speak of the 
wise and public spirited Gregson, the brave 
and soldierlike Turner, the adventurous Lam- 
berton, that "right godly woman," the wife 
of Mr. Goodyear, and the others, as friends 
whose faces are never more to be seen amono- 
the living. In November, 1647, their estates 
were settled, and they are put upon record as 
deceased. Yet they were not forgotten ; but 



ceived on board, who proved to be the cap- 
tain and crew of the British schooner Orano-e, 
lost on the voyage from Jamaica to Matanzas. 
Their names were Alexander McDonald, mas- 
ter ; William Young, mate ; Edward Cook, 
Richard Evans, John Brown, seamen ; Wm. 
Roscoe, ordinary seaman, and Robert Wil- 
kinson, cook. Having been thirteen days in 
a boat fourteen feet long, they were all, as 
might be expected, in a weak and critical 
state, and three of them had to be lifted on 



long afterwards the unknown melancholy fate I board . The youngest of them (Wm . R os . 
of those who satled ,n Lamberton's sh,p threw | co6|) was much emaciated and totally insen- 

its gloomy shadow over many a fireside circle I i i j 1.1 i i 

6 ' urauj ini^iue circle. | slb | e . and although every means was used to 

Two years and five months from the sail- restore him, he only survived three hours, 



ing of that ship, in an afternoon in June, 
after a thunder storm, not far from sunset, 



and at sunrise his body was deposited in the 
sailor's grave, with the solemn and impressive 
there appeared in the harbor of New Haven, | service of the Protestant Episcopal church. 
the form of a keel of a ship with three masts, j During the night the mate was delirious, but 
to which were suddenly added all the tack- has since, with the rest, almost regained his 
ling and sail ; and presently after, upon the j usual health. Their desire for water was 
highest part of the deck, a man standing with | very great; and much care was at first used 
one hand leaning against his left side, and in j in administering it to them ; and it was not 
his right hand a sword pointing towards the I until the third day that their thirst was satis- 
sea. The phenomenon continued about a I fied, at which time each person had used 



quarter of an hour, and was seen by a crowd 
of wondering witnessess— till at last, from the 
farther side of the ship, there arose a great 
smoke which covered all the ship ; and in 



three gallons of water. 

Capt. McDonald stated that on the 24th 
July, at 2, a. m., when about in lat. 22° 45' 
N., lon. 85° 4' W., the schooner was sudden- 



that smoke she vanished away. Fifty years i ly capsized in a heavy squall from the East 






146 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



ward. Fortunately at the time the vessel 
capsized, the jolly boat being stowed bottom 
up on the long boat, turned over, and all 
hands succeeded in getting in and got clear 
of the vessel, which at almost the same mo- 
ment disappeared. Thus they were left at 
the mercy of the waves, without provisions, 
water, or even an oar to guide the boat. — 
Part of a seat was broken off and made use 
of to steer the boat, which was kept before 
the sea till daylight. During the day the lin- 
ing and foot-boards were torn off and con- 
verted into a mast, on which was spread the 
captain's shirt for a sail. On the 2Sth, for 
the first time, it rained for about two hours, 
and by using two pairs of shoes, (which were 
all they had,) and wringing their clothes, they 
succeeded in getting about a pint of water 
each. From this date until the 31st, they 
continued without seeing any vessel and with- 
out water. On this day, and the next, it rain- 
ed for about four hours, and sufficient water 
was obtained to quench their thirst, for the 
time. From this time to the 6th of August, 
no water was obtained — during which time 
their sufferings were very great. On one of 
these days a bamboo was picked up, and found 
to contain four small fishes about two inches 
long, which were divided, and constituted the 
only food they had while in the boat. On the 
morning of the 6th of August, three ships 
passed them, but it was supposed the boat 
was not seen from them. The distressed 
voyagers were, however, soon gratified with 
the sight of the ship that afforded them relief. 



ingtonian principles. If there is a man who 
makes use of the intoxicating cup in this au- 
dience, he hoped he would come forward and 
sign the pledge. When he was fourteen 
years of age, a lady offered him a glass of 
wine ; he of course took it, then another, 
and another, until he had an appetite formed, 
and he went on in this way until brandy was 
his drink, and he soon got beyond bounds, 
and indulged too deep in the intoxicating 
cup. From 1832 to 1844, he was continu- 
ally reforming. He asked, what is Wash- 
ingtonianism ? It is said in 1835, when the 
great fire was raging in New York, a mother 
was seen wringing her hands in consequence 
of having a child in the fourth story of a 
building that was on fire — every one looking 
on, but no one to save the child from perish- 
ing in the flames. At length a sailor came 
forward, had the ladders hoisted, and he en- 
tered the building and brought out the child 
in his arms. Now that was Washingtonian- 
ism in one sense of the word. The sailor 



of a committee to investigate the matter, and 
report upon the best means of ameliorating 
the condition, in Halifax, of this interesting 
portion of our fellow beings. 

The extra meeting of the H. T. S., held 
on Monday, though thinly attended, was not 
deficient in interest. Rev. Mr. McGregor 
presided. Judge Marshall, Beamish Mur- 
doch, Esq., Mr. E. Young, and others, ad- 
dressed the meeting. Several names were 
added to the Society. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

Punn and Assassination. 

Every day brings with it some gross out- 
rage, some daring deed, some vile atrocity 
committed under the hellish influence of in- 
toxicating drinks. War, pestilence, and 
famine have slain their thousands, but strong 
drink has slain its tens of thousands. Rum 
has driven the knife of the assassin ; rum 
has bruised and mangled the affectionate 
wife: rum has brutalized the father's heart 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



Temperance Meeting. 

The following extracts are taken from the New Ha- 
ven, Conn., Fountain. 

Mr. Ellis, of Derby, said he was an old 
soldier, who had done much service in the 
ranks of King Alcohol, but was now a good 
soldier in the Washingtonian ranks. He 
hoised the temperance flag three years ago, 
and did not hoist it at half-mast neither. He 
run it up to the top ; he did not depend on 
the halliards to keep it there, but he nailed it 
to the mast, and the nails with which he fas- 
toned it were principles. He has declared 
war against rum in all its forms, and in all 
its hiding places, and he fired some effective 
shots at the enemy. 

Mr. Fairciiild said, it has been remarked, 
that there is more drunkenness in New Ha- 
ven now than at any one time since the com- 
mencement of the Washingtonian cause. — 
He said Dr. Bishop used to tell us that it was 
not necessary for a man to be down in the 
gutter, to have the delirium tremens. The 
longer he lives, the better he likes the Wash- 



then put on his coat and departed, and per- 
, , , • .u un r ao-ainst his offsprinc, and deafened his ears 

haps has been tossing upon the billows of "n'"" 31 Ho 

, i i u j . to their cries for mercy. What wretched- 

the ocean, and perhaps has gone down to a lu } 

ness and misery has not rum brought in its 

train. And yet, this inanimate creature, 
rum, is well enough if let alone. The trouble 
is, men drink it, men sell it. Words are in- 
adequate to express the honest indignation 
felt by all good citizens, against the traffic 
in ardent spirits. Can it be that rum sellers 
have consciences 1 Can it be that they re- 
flect upon the mischief that they produce 1 
Can it be that they contemplate for a mo- 
ment upon the mad devastation that they 
spre;id wherever they go, and the foul influ- 
ences that are sent forth from them ? Selling 
and drinking rum puts out the fire of con- 
science. Selling and drinking it has a ten- 
dency to transform men made after the simil- 
tude of their Maker, to spirits of darkness. 
Rumsellers steal from their fellow men, not 
only their shining dust, but they rob them of 
their domestic happiness and peace. They 
not only rob them of their domestic happi- 
ness and peace, but they hasten them from 
time into eternity. They not only hasten 
them from time into eternity, but are the in- 
struments which Satan has selected, for jeop- 
ardizing their eternal welfare in eternity. — 
When will these men turn from the error of 
their ways, and bring forth the fruits of their 
repentance. 

Instigated by the evil spirit of rum, one 
Trask, in the town of Charlestown, on Sat- 
urday evening, the 21st ult., attempted the 
life of Mr. R. Nichols, an estimable and in- 
offensive police officer, who was in the faith- 
ful discharge of his duty, in endeavoring to 
quell his riotous conduct. He succeeded in 
inflicting a severe wound of considerable 
depth, and seven inches in length, over the 
left shoulder ; another of about three inches 



sailor's grave, or even been lost in the billows 
of the raging deep. 

From the Halifax Olive Branch. 

Temperance in Nova Scotia. 

'i 
The meeting of the Halifax Temperance 

Society, held on Friday, August 16, was one 
of more than ordinary interest. The prin- 
cipal subject of discussion was the want, in 
Halifax, of such accommodations for sailors 
as should preclude the necessity of their en- 
tering those traps of Satan, miscalled "sailor's 
boarding houses," which line our upper and 
lower streets. Mr. Howard, the mate of a 
vessel in the harbor, as we understand, feel- 
ingly pourtrayed the temptations which assail 
the seamen in our city, and the discourage- 
ments to morality and sobriety which meet 
him at every step. He was followed by a 
young seaman of her Majesty's ship Illus- 
trious — named Powell — who after describing 
himself, in the words of the Psalmist, as 
one of those " that go down to the sea in 
ships, that do business in great waters" — re- 
lated a number of incidents which had come 
under his notice, in the melancholy circum- 
stances of which, Intemperance bore a prom- 
inent part. Mr. Powell was the originator 
of the small but useful Total Abstinence So- 
ciety on board the Illustrious ; and the favor- 
able impression which that fact made upon 
his hearers, was increased by the modesty, 
simplicity, and pathos, which characterized 
his narration. 

The President, and several other gentle- 
men, among whom was Judge Marshall, made 
some remarks upon the same subject, and 
the result of the meeting was the appointment 



SHEET ANCHOR 



147 



in length, near the heart, severing in two one 
of the ribs, and wounding the lungs ; and a 
third, was a flesh wound near the abdomen. 

Trask was once enlisted in the navy of his 
country, as a defender of her stars and 
stripes; he is about 52 years of age, and a 
criminal in a lonely cell, with a wife and 
three daughters at home, weeping in conse- 
quence of his sinfulness, and the disgrace 
and wretchedness he has brought upon them. 
He has been accustomed to the use of liquor 
from his youth up, and committed a similar 
offence about seven years since, under simi- 
lar circumstances. When free from the dire- 
ful influence of inebriating drinks, he is said 
to be a peaceable citizen. He had signed 
the teetotal pledge a number of times, but 
experience has proved that he was destitute 
of that faith, which would have proved an 
anchor to his soul. He listened to the sy- 
ren song of the tempter, and fell ; he parley- 
ed with temptation but to be overcome. — 
Where, and who are those that raised the 
poisoned chalice to the lips of Trask, that 
has been fraught with such fearful conse- 
quences ? Where are the artificers of this 
sad catastrophe ? 

Sailors! avoid the rum sellers as you would 
the pestilence that walketh in darkness. Re- 
sist the devil and he will flee from you. — 
Live so, that in your old age you can truly 
say, " though we look old, yet are we strong 
and lusty ; for in our youth we never did ap- 
ply hot and rebellious liquors to our blood, 
and did not, with unbashful forehead, woo 
the means of weakness and debility ; there- 
fore our age is as a lusty winter, frosty, but 
kindly." QT 3 

The Best Liquor. 

"Give us a glass of your best liquor," 
said a toper the. other day as he entered a 
shop. 

The keeper gave him a glass of pure cold 
water. The toper, without weakening it, 
dashed it down his throat at a swallow. He 
soon began to taste, seemingly not exactly 
satisfied. 

"What's the matter?" said the keeper, 
" was'nt it good V 

" Why, yes, it was good enough — but seems 
to me it wasn't very strong. What kind of 
liquor was it I" 

" Cold Water," was the reply, " that's the 
best liquor we have in the shop, and I be- 
lieve it's the best in town. As for any other 
kind, we have not got any, for I left off sell- 
ing some time ago. So you've saved your 
three cents, and you'll feel better for it after- 
wards." 

" Well," said the toper, " if this isn't a 
regular suck in — but I believe you're half 
right for all that. And as you don't charge 
any thing for your liquor, I am a good mind 



to be your customer, and see if I can't get 
rid of my head-ache and sore eyes." 

The shop-keeper encouraged him never to 
drink any tiling but the best liquor, and he 
departed. 




O* Further extracts from the Report of Mr. Love, 
late inissionnry of the American Tract Society to sea- 
men, in New York. It was delivered at the Home. 

The Home — How Appreciated. 

A Home was established, and the sailor 
hailed it with joy. A gospel, Christian Home 
was raised, and seamen flocked to it with re- 
joicing. The woful friends of the sailor soon 
raised their war-whoop against that which 
they well knew would counteract their infa- 
mous designs, by rescuing him from their 
clutches, and raising him to that standing 
and respect which he could merit, and which 
he ought to have. Virtue and truth heard 
that cry, and heeded it not. The sailor heard 
it, and nobly disregarded it. Notwithstand- 
ing the combinations that were formed, the 
falsehoods that were circulated, the handbills 
that were posted, and all the possible means 
that could be employed for the destruction 
of the " Great Temperance Monopoly," — 
"the Gospel Monopoly," it has triumphantly 
arisen — and why 1 The sailor knew that he 
wanted a Home, and its frendships ; he felt 
that what he so long needed was now pre- 
sented to him ; and the folding doors of kind- 
ness and reformation being once thrown open 
to him who lived under harshness and toil, 
and inside of which he felt assured that he 
would be treated as a man, all the power and 
the plots of the ill-disposed were unable to 
close it. Thus a garden was prepared into 
which the seeds of reformation and salvation 
have been unsparingly cast ; and they have 
put forth their shoots, and have sprung up, 
and have borne fruit, — just because they were 
sown in a place well adapted to rescue them. 
In this place I have now been for the past 
three months ; and while I leave with sor- 
row — as friend parteth from friend — I leave 
with joy, trusting in my God, that those with 
whom I have had sweet converse here, will 
again be with me when the Master makes up 
his jewels. 

EXPERIENCE AT THE HOME. 

You are all aware that I have been employ- 
ed by the American Tract Society to labor 
among you as Colporteur, or book-carrier. — 
The object of my engagement was, to fur- 
nish you with a Christian literature, and 
make use of my attainments in all expedient 
ways, which, by God's spirit, might accom- 
plish in some measure, your reformation and 
salvation. That I might succeed in this re- 
sponsible undertaking, it was necessary on 



my arrival in New York, to obtain a board- 
ing house suitable for the centre of action. 
Previous to my arrival, I had thought of your 
Home as the most suitable home for me ; and 
the reason was, that I had heard "a great 
number of sailors boarded there ; and that 
it was a fine house." But when I entered it, 
how was I astonished to find a great and 
splendid building — to find myself one of a 
family, which, at that time, numbered four 
thousand Jive hundred, all of whom, with the 
exception of two hundred, were then scatter- 
ed over the known world, and every day wit- 
nessing from thirty to forty coming in from 
afar ; and as many going out to the distant 
regions of the earth. I felt myself in a new 
world ; and I thought of the great and noble 
Institution — the Theological Seminary at 
Princeton — which I had just left. I thought 
of the family altar, around which the breth- 
ren there were accustomed to assemble morn- 
ing and evening, for the purpose of conse- 
crating their hearts to God ; and where, every 
evening, there was some meeting for God's 
praise, and man's good. It appeared to me 
that for a time, I was to be deprived of all 
these blessed privileges, and I was sorrowful. 
But that sorrow was soon turned into joy. — 
In the Sailor's Home I have found family 
worship to be kept up with solemnity, and 
with spirit, every morning and every evening; 
in the sailor's Home I have found the prayer 
meeting, the social meeting, and other good 
meetings to be well attended, and to be re- 
garded by the sailor with interest and respect; 
in the Sailor's Home, I have never known the 
blessings of the table touched, until thanks 
were siiven to, and a blessing invoked from 
God. In addition to this, I found in it a se- 
lect and precious library of seven hundred 
volumes; and from it I have witnessed with 
delight, at least one hundred and fifty men 
going every Sabbath in decency, and in or- 
der, to the house of God. And when in 
future days I shall look back upon the happy 
three months during which I have eaten and 
drank, and slept in quietness and peace, un- 
der the same roof with fifteen hundred sons 
of the ocean; with many of whom I have 
labored in the social meeting, in the prayer 
meeting, in the Bible class, and in private ; 
in whose hands I have placed the word of 
eternal life, which is now with them in for- 
eign parts, I am constrained, through faith in 
Christ Jesus, to look forward with confidence 
to see many of them at the right hand of God. 

From the Mercantile Journal. 

Seamen's Bethel and Ilorae at Mobile. 

We rejoice that efforts are making in dif- 
ferent parts of the country, in the cities, on 
the borders of the lakes, and on the sea- 
shore, to provide spiritual instruction for the 
sailor — and appeals to the philanthropist in 



148 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



•7^9 



such a cause, can hardly be made in vain. — 
Our readers will be pleased to learn that in 
the city of Mobile, with which Boston does 
a large and increasing business, the friends 
of seamen have, for many years, employed a 
chaplain to preach to seamen, and with some 
success ; but their efforts have been imped- 
ed, for want of a place to which sailors could 
resort for public worship, and where they 
might find a decent home without the inces- 
sant temptation to dissipation and excess, 
perpetually found in ordinary sailor boarding 
houses. At length, Mobile is making an ef- 
fort to secure a Bethel Church and a Sailors' 
Home, for the 13,000 seamen who annually 
visit that port. 

A building spacious, and admirably locat- 
ed for a Sailors' Home, is offered on reason- 
able terms ; while upon the lot on which the 
house stands, is ample space for the erection 
of a suitable edifice for a Bethel Church. — 
The entire cost of the whole enterprise will 
be about $15,000 — of which one third may 
be raised in Mobile; for the rest, reliance 
must be placed on the liberality of merchants, 
ship-owners, and others trading with Mobile, 
and all the friends of seamen, of good order 
and of religion, in other places. The ship- 
ping employed in this trade is mostly owned 
in Eastern cities, and three-fourths of the 
sailors visiting Mobile are from the Eastern 
States. The citizens of Mobile appeal to us 
here, to aid them in providing a place for the 
benefit of seamen who are our own fellow 
citizens, our own brothers, and sons, and 
nephews and neighbors. Mobile herself does 
not furnish one seaman — perhaps not a dozen 
from the whole State of Alabama. 

Rev. Dr. Hamilton, of Mobile — no way- 
connected with the Bethel church, — but pas- 
tor of a congregation in Mobile, is duly com- 
missioned to solicit and to receive contribu- 
tions and donations for this important o ject. 

"A Map of bnsf life." 



' : i 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Shall my Son go to Sea 1 

The above is a (piestion of the deepest in- 
terest to parents, and one in which is involv- 
ed the present a nl future welfare of many 
a son. There is a feeling of reluctance — 
almost universal among pare > s — to their 
sons going to sea. Of the origin of this 
feeling it is unnecessary to speak. What 
parent is there that does not understand it 
fully ? A greater evil exists, by far, than hav- 
ing a son go to sea, and parents need to be 
reminded of the fact : that evil is — a disap- 
pointed youth restrained by parental affec- 
tion or authority, from entering upon the only 
employment in life, that has a single charm 
for him. 



We admit it is trying to have a son incline 
to go to sea ; there is the hardship and dan- 
ger of the life itself; the temptations to which 
a youth is exposed ; the anxiety of mind dur- 
ing his absence ; the loss of his society ; and 
in the case of many a poor and widowed 
mother, the prospective loss of the oidy means 
of support in old age. 

But after all, in our opinion, it is decidedly 
better for all concerned, that a youth strongly 
bent on going to sea, should go, rather than 
he should be restrained. Parental authority, 
and even affection maybe carried too far ; 
such will ever be the case when the consent 
of pareuts is withheld after repeated solicita- 
tions on the part of the child. These solici- 
tations indicate the strength of the passion 
for a sea life ; and if disregarded by parents, 
are like the pent up waters of a quiet river 
obstructed in its course ; it waits only to 
gather sufficient head, when it sweeps away 
every opposing barrier, and spreads ruin and 
desolation in its course. 

We have good reasons for believing that 
many a parent has thus been unwillingly the 
instrument of a child's ruin. Blinded by a 
too selfish regard for their own happiness, 
they have kept their son at home, while his 
own heart has been far away upon the deep — 
not permitted to follow the dictates of nature, 
and steer that course in life for which he has 
strong predelictions — he becomes reckless of 
parental restraint, and dissipates his time in 
frivolous and vicious pursuits, until at length 
from sheer necessity, the unwilling parent is 
glad to get rid of a son, now almost ruined, 
by over-fondness, and he goes to sea. 

But how does he go ? With the loss of 
character, his own self-respect, and the con- 
fidence of his friends. All this, has resulted 
from the ne fleet of the parent, to study and 
to understand the child. The child, mean- 
while, as imperfectly understands the parent, 
and mistakes the strong parental feeling — 
which withholds consent — for coersive au- 
thority ; and thus the evil is increased. 

What now is the remedy for this evil 1 
and it is far more common than is generally 
supposed. We answer unhesitatingly — let 
parents study and know their own children, 
and if they are found to have strong impulses 
for a sea life, anticipate their wishes and let 
them go to sea ; not only with the consent, 
but with the hearty concurrence, and co-ope- 
ration of tin ir parents. 

The demand upon the youth of our coun- 
try for a native American marine, is increas- 
ing and must be met. Commerce requires 
its ships, they must he officered and manned; 
whose are the sons that shall be detailed for 
this service ? 

This is a question for American parents to 
answer, and their decision will affect us all. 
FonE and Aft. 



Do Good as 3011 have Opportunity. 

Rev. Mr. Clark, pastor of a church at 
Brockport, N. Y., mentions an incident of 
late occurrence, which has never appeared 
in print, but seems too interesting to be with- 
held from the public. Deacon Starks, of his 
church, was returning from a State Conven- 
tion a year ago last fall, when, in passing 
from Oswego to Rochester, he found himself 
on board a schooner, with no fellow passen- 
ger, and a crew so awfully profane, that he 
feared to be in their company. He tried to 
engage in useful conversation with the cap- 
tain, but met with a rough repulse. His suc- 
cess with others was no better, until at the 
close of the day the captain was called below 
by a little work which required his attention, 
when Mr. S. took the opportunity to sit be- 
side him and ask him some questions about 
storms on the lake. The captain told him 
that he had been in peril of life, and at one 
time supposed that his vessel was going to 
the bottom. An interrogatory about the 
state of his feelings at that critical moment, 
brought tears to eyes apparently not used to 
weep. The state of mind thus indicated was 
adapted to receive impression, and Mr. S. 
plied him with inquiries concerning his re- 
ligious education, and his mother, a pious, 
praying woman, until his heart was deeply 
affected, and he gave permission to introduce 
the subject of religion to the crew, and prom- 
ised to assist in endeavoring to break up the 
practice of swearing, in which all constantly 
indulged. The captain, however, predicted 
from the known character of the men, that 
the experiment would be a failure. 

The experiment was made, and was bless- 
ed in its results. Evening prayer was held 
in the vessel, and, before leaving, six out of 
eio-ht pledged their word never again to use 
profane language. 

The captain spent the night in audible 
groans from the burden of a guilty con- 
science, and the next morning, when the 
deacon left, the crew parted from him with 
tears. He procurred a bundle of tracts at 
Rochester, and returned to the vessel and 
distributed them among the men. These 
facts were related in a meeting of the church, 
at Brockport, and Mr. S. expressed the strong 
hope that if the church were earnest in 
prayer upon the subject, they would some 
day hear glad tidings from that vessel. 

Several months afterwards, he received a 
letter from the captain, informing him that, 
after having suffered much and long from a 
sense of sin, he was led to the Lamb of God 
who taketh away the sins of the world, and 
that he has since been the instrument in the 
hand of God in the hopeful conversion of 
twelve seamen. 

Who that reads this little narrative, is un- 
able to recall the time when he had oppor- 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



149 



tunity to do good, and neglected it ? Is there 
no reader who, similarly situated with deacon 
Starks, would have felt himself justified in 
retiring and communing with his own heart, 
and offering up a silent petition for his un- 
godly companions, while he put not forth one 
effort to draw their attention to the interests 
of their souls ? Alas ! how often is that pre- 
cept disregarded, " Do good as ye have op- 
portunity." 

Capt. Elliott's Conversion. 

" A request has been handed me," (said 
captain Elliott, in an address to the Seamen's 
Friend Society,) " to relate the story of my 
conversion. I will do it as briefly as I may. 
My father's house was a hotel of religion, and 
my education was the best that piety could 
have bestowed. Early in life I went to sea, 
and was converted on a voyage from Matan- 
zas, when I was far gone in practical infidel- 
ity and sin. It was on this wise. I had a 
job over the bows, and being somewhat par- 
ticular about the work, I concluded to do it 
myself. There was a high sea rolling, but I 
had the jib hauled down, and over the bows 
I got. There had I worked for some ten 
minutes, sawing asunder two ropes, when 
suddenly I cast my eyes upward at the rope. 
My God, I exclaimed, I have been hanging 
by an old yarn that would not hold an infant. 
My hair stood erect — I jumped on deck, and 
laughed away the fright. I was that night 
out at the first watch, and while walking the 
deck, the thought flashed upon my mind, if 
the rope-yarn had broken, where should I 
have been ? And I answered aloud, in hell, 
to all intents and purposes. I dropped in- 
stantly upon my knees, and cried aloud for 
mercy. For seven days my condition was 
truly awful. The captain thought I was 
crazy. I was praying every opportunity I 
could find, but found no rest. My old Bible 
that had long laid on the bottom of my chest, 
was now drawn forth and read with intense 
interest. At length, one day, while laying 
upon a yard-arm and thinking my case hope- 
less, I bethought me to try again. I poured 
out my soul to God in the most urgent en- 
treaties for grace to help. Help now, Lord, 
or I perish ! And God answered the petition. 
I descended to the deck a new man in Christ 
Jesus, and the happiness of that moment has 
never departed from me unto this hour. As- 
sist, then, I pray you, the sailor, with your 
prayers, your influence, your labors, and all 
you can spare of worldly goods, and at the 
last you shall hear the welcome words, ' In- 
asmuch as ye did it unto one of the least of 
my servants, ye did it unto me.' " 

" When o'er the mighty deep we rode. 

By winds and fitonns assail'd j 
We call'd upon the ocean's God, 

Whose mercy never fail'd." 



THI SALOON. 

Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child ; 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



The Rescued Sailor. 

About a year ago, the fine ship T , left 

New Orleans for Boston, with a tolerably so- 
ber crew, with the exception of one man, 
who was put on board by his landlord, dead 
drunk, without clothing, bed ' or aught else 
for his winter voyage. To this same land- 
lord he had paid $31) two or three days pre- 
vious, together with $15 more when he sign- 
ed the T 's articles. The wife of the 

captain was to make the voyage with them, 
and her heart was pained as the cabin boy 
told her of the destitution of the drunken 
sailor, and she resolved when he should be- 
come sober, that she would endeavor to save 
him from courses so ruinous. But for sev- 
eral days after they left New Orleans, the 
sailor was crazed with the horrors, and could 
neither eat nor sleep. On the eighth day 
out, she fancied if she could but get him to 
eat, he would recover his senses ; so she or- 
dered the steward to prepare him a nice bowl 
of gruel, and then sent the boy forward to 
tell the poor fellow to come and receive it — 
Her kindness made such an impression on 
his mind that he strove to obey her, and in a 
few hours he ceased his ravings and slept. 
The next day and the next, she continued to 
provide him with gruel, while his shipmates, 
thankful for the quiet thus restored to the 
forecastle, wondered at the interest she took 
in the outcast. 

The weather coming on cold, the captain 
loaned him a jacket, and some of the crew a 
comforter and mittens, and thus he was ena- 
bled to perform his duty. Frequently after 
this, when it would be his turn at the wheel, 
he seemed almost bursting to tell her how 
orateful he felt for her kindness, but she gave 
him no opportunity to speak to her until one 
Sabbath morning, as she was distributing 
books from a library given to the ship by a 
society in Liverpool, when he came to get 
his book, she talked with him, pointed out 
the utter ruin that would shortly fall upon 
him unless he became a sober man, and beg- 
ged him, for his own sake, to reform. He 
heard her through, thanked her for the in- 
terest she manifested, told her he had once 
filled an officer's berth, and promised that he 
would now make one more effort to raise 
himself. When she informed her husband 
of this conversation, he smiled at what he 
termed her folly in supposing that the man 
would keep his word ; but she could not but 
hope he would be saved. His look of grati- 
tude whenever she came on deck re-assured 
her, and the books she placed in his hands 
gave evidence of being perused with care, 



and by the time they arrived in Boston, her 
protege had lost all the marks that point out 
the intemperate man. But when once the 
ship was made fast, the borrowed jacket, &x. 
were returned to their owners, and the poor 
sailor prepared, with a sad heart, to go ashore 
with what few dollars were due to him, and 
most likely would have been compelled to 
have entered a rumseller's boarding house, and 
may be have forgotten his good intentions. 

But his benefactress did not forget him, she 
interceded for him to the captain, got him 
permission to stay on board and help unload 
the vessel, for he had shipped by the run ; 
and from the captain's wardrobe he was sup- 
plied with some indispensable articles. A 
week wore away, and he evinced no desire to 
return to his cups, and they then proposed to 
him to sign the pledge ; he said he was will- 
ing and anxious so to do. Accordingly, when 
the captain and his wife found out where and 
when temperance meetings were held, they 
went, taking him with them, he signed the 
pledge, and returned again with them to their 
floating home. A few days after this, they 
found a temperance boarding house. They 
visited New York, and on their return to 
Boston, the grateful man found them out, and 
gave them new cause to rejoice over his res- 
cue, as since he had signed the pledge, he 
had been like thousands more, to that heal- 
ing fountain opened in the house of David ; 
and now, doubly secure, he felt strong to go 
out and battle with the sailor's foe. 



Dedicated to the Young Friends of the SaUor. 



The First Voyage. 

A letter addressed to a young friend about to embark as a sailor 

on bis first voyage. 

By Rev. T. H. GAiLAUDET. 

My dear young friend, — Will you permit 
one who has long felt a deep interest in your 
welfare, to say a few things to you in the wav 
of friendly counsel, as you are about embark- 
ing in your new and arduous enterprise ? I 
write from the heart, and I pray God that he 
would add his blessing to what I affectionate- 
ly address to your consideration. 

Look ahead. Should you persevere in lead- 
ing a seafaring life, think where you will find 
vourself some ten, twenty, or thirty years 
hence, if your life is spared thus long. D» 
you mean to rise above the situation of a 
common sailor ? Do you aim to be a thor- 
oughly qualified, respectable, and useful mas- 
ter of a ship 1 Then remember, that if you 
ever reach that station, it will be by succes- 
sive steps of advancement. ^!ou will ad- 
vance, too, in proportion as you acquire the 
confidence of others ; and this confidence 
will depend upon the character you are every 
day forming. 



150 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



The first day that you go on board your 
vessel, and begin to act and to be observed 
by those around you, you will begin to estab- 
lish this character ; and, every following day, 
through succeeding months and years, will 
be adding traits to it, either favorable or un- 
favorable. Little things, as you may esti- 
mate them, but most momentous in their re- 
sults, will go to make up this character; and 
they will be recollected, too, and constitute 
answers to future inquiries about you, with a 
minuteness of which you may now have a 
very inadequate conception. 

" What sort of a lad was young , his 

first voyage?" will be asked some years hence, 
in order to know whether confidence can be 
placed in you with reference to your advance- 
ment to some superior station. " Who were 
captain and mate of the ship ? What do they 
say of him ? What do the steady and re- 
spectable sailors that were on board, say 
of h4m ?" Suppose the united reply to be, 
(which I ardently hope will prove to be the 
case,) " He was one of the steadiest and best 
behaved sailors on board the ship ; faithful 
in the discharge of his duties, strictly moral 
in his conduct and habits ; his shipmates say 
they never heard him utter a profane or vul- 
gar expression, or saw him drink any intoxi- 
cating liquor ; he was esteemed by the cap- 
tain and officers, and respected by all. It, 
was thought, too, that he was a pious young 
man, -and his example and influence were 
worth a great deal in sustaining good order; 
so that it will be no small advantage in this 
respect, to have him on board any ship in 
which he may choose to sail ?" 

Such a character will be worth every thing 
to you, even so far as your temporal welfare 
is concerned — worth more than thousands of 
dollars, or the most respectable family con- 
nections. For these, however largely you 
may possess them, can never procure you the 
confidence of others, if your character is un- 
deserving of it. If you aspire to have that 
character which will lead others to place con- 
fidence in you, remember that you must be- 
gin to form it the first day that you go on 
board, and that you must go on adding to it 
every day afterwards. If you are so unfor- 
tunate as to think that you are so young, and 
occupy so unimportant a station, that what 
you say and do for the first few months of your 
sailor's life, will not be noticed and remember- 
ed, you will find yourself most sadly mistaken. 
It will be very particularly noticed and re- 
membered, and have a most important bear- 
ing on the whole course of your future life. 

Besides if you do not begin right, you will 
find it more and more difficult to o-et rio-ht 
afterwards. If you swear some, the first 
month, habit will lead you to swear more the 
second month, and the third, and so on ; and 
when will you have the resolution to stop? 

(Remainder in out next.) 



SHEET Ai0H®l, 




KTThe SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Seamen's Convention at Baltimore. 

A convention of preachers to seamen, and 
other friends of the sailor's cause, will be 
held in Baltimore, on Wednesday, October 
30, 1344, at 10 o'clock, A. M. A general 
attendance is requested. 

Editorial Correspondence. 

SAILOR'S HOME, New York, Sept. 25. 

This is indeed a home. My stay here must 
be short, as I leave this evening for Buffalo, 
where I expect to spend the Sabbath in plead- 
ing the sailor's cause ; but I remain long 
enough to endear this Christian resting place 
more and more to my heart. May it go on 
and prosper abundantly ! 

The Home is quite full — and I learn that 
other temperance boarding houses for sea- 
men are doing equally well. The colored 
sailor's home, although sustained by its inde- 
fatigable head, Mr. Powell, is in need of 
assistance. It is worthy of it, and I hope 
will receive it. There is needed in that es- 
tablishment more clothing, and bread stuffs, 
to supply the wants of the unfortunate. Mr. 
Powell can sustain his house on the patron- 
age of regular boarders, for he keeps a good 
one in every respect ; but it is asking too 
much of him that he alone should be requir- 
ed to clothe all the naked, and feed all the 
hungry colored seamen who may be thrown 
on his charity. He is unable to do it ; and 
I appeal on his behalf to the benevolence of 
the public. Garments, hats, shoes, provis- 
ions, and articles of that description will be 
most welcome, and I hope he will promptly 
receive a liberal supply against the comino- 
winter. He does not ask for money — al- 
though donations in cash will of course be 
thankfully received. Remember this case, 
friends of the sailor, and do as you would be 
done by. 

The Mariner's Family Industrial So- 
ciety, of which a notice was given in the 
Sheet Anchor some time since, continue their 
store in Cherry Stieet, near Catharine. It 



is well supplied with all kinds of clothing, 
and deserves public patronage. This Socie- 
ty will hold a Fair, for the benefit of the 
cause, in the Mariner's Church, Roosevelt 
Street, on Monday, October 7. I hope to 
hear a good report of its doings. The Man- 
agers are certainly laboring with commenda- 
ble diligence ; and if the public do their part 
as well, there can be no just cause of com- 
plaint. 

Another Floating Chapel is now in 
course of preparation. It is to be located 
on the •' North River side," among the large 
shipping, and will be occupied by the Wes- 
leyan Methodists. They have purchased a 
large, strong ship, and are fitting her up in 
good style for the purpose. The location is 
excellent ; and I cannot but think that the 
enterprise, with God's blessing, will be suc- 
cessful. I expect yet to see such a chapel 
in Boston. But I must close. 

Thine, dear readers, for the sailor, 

C. W. D. 

Good News from Nova Scotia. 

Halifax, Sept. 7, 1844. 
Rev. and Dear Sir, 

We are deeply anxious that something 
should be done for the moral and religious 
improvement of the seamen of this port, ex- 
posed as they are to the influences of rum- 
selling landlords, and liable to be stripped of 
their hard earnings. I have long been desir- 
ous to make an effort ; but while I conducted 
the " Olive Branch," I had no leisure, for 
the public office I hold engages most of my 
time. Now that there is a strong feeling in 
this community in favor of the sailor, we are' 
making arrangements to call a public meet- 
ing, and form a " Seamen's Friend Society." 
Each of the Protestant clergymen have con- 
sented to preach a sermon on a Sunday oc- 
casionally. We have already had preaching 
on board of vessels for several Sabbalhs past. 

Will you be kind enough to forward me 
by return of brig Acadian, such papers and 
tracts suited to seamen as any of your socie- 
ties can furnish gratuitously ; and also such 
information relative to forming a society as 
you may give. We wish to establish one 
upon such a footing as will be permanent, 
and engage the sympathies of all good and 
benevolent men. 

A man and wife, temperance, pious per- 
sons, capable of keeping a Seamen's Home, 
and who will be missionaries among seamen, 
would find a situation here. We would give 
a bonus of $21)0 or upwards a year, probably. 
Your obedient servant, 

Edward Young. 

Rev. C. VV. DcmiM. 

REMARKS BY THE EDITOR. 

We received the above just as we were 
leaving for our Western tour, consequently 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



151 



it was not in our power to comply with the 
requests of Mr. Younc. We give his letter 
entire to our readers, hoping that some among 
them will at once take up this case in our 
absence. The " Acadian," by which the 
books and tracts desired may be sent, is now 
lying at Foster's Wharf. 

Friends of the sailor ! let the cry from 
Nova Scotia be heard. 

Revivals at Sea. While a spiritual 

dearth has been prevalent throughout most of 
the churches, during the present year, it is 
remarkable that God has richly blessed the 
efforts made for the conversion of seamen. — 
There have been repeated revivals at sea. 
Never, said Mr. Spaulding, at a late public 
meeting, have the seamen been more blessed 
than during the past year. 

THI WSSIE. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 
NAVAL. 

U. S. store ship Erie, Lieut. Com. Duke, from 
the Pacific, arrived at Norfolk, ]7th ult., and an- 
chored off the Naval Hospital. The Erie sailed 
from Valparaiso, on the 14th of June, and arrived 
at Rio Janeiro on the 14th of July, in the re- 
markable quick passage of 29 days. Left Rio 
Janeiro on the 21st July, touching at Pernarnbu- 
co on the llih of August, and sailed thence the 
next day for New York, but on arriving off that 
port, encountered the N. E. gale of Wednesday 
last, which drove her to the Southward, and caus- 
ed her to put into Norfolk. 

The Erie has on board 250 seamen who have 
been sent home from the different stations. 

On the 1st of August, in lat. 22° 01', S., Ion. 
40° 15 7 W., the Erie spoke U. S. frigate Consti- 
tution, captain Percival, bound to Rio Janeiro — 
officers and crew all well. 

Mr. Lewis Mersereau, of Portsmouth, Va., died 
on board the Erie, May 12. 

U. S, sloop of war Falmouth, arrived at Vera 
Cruz, August 18. 

U. S. ship Cyane, was at Callao, 11th May— all 
well. U. S. ship Savannah was also at Callao, to 
sail in four or five weeks. The frigate United 
States was expected daily from Muzatlan. The 
sloop of war Warren sailed from Callao on the 
7th of May— all well. U. S. schooner Shark was 
at Panama — all well. 

U. S. Commissioner's Court. — Capt. Silas P. 
Alden was brought before G. T. Curtis, Esq., 
commissioner, for inflicting a cruel and unusual 
punishment on Barzilla McFaden, one of the 
crew of the bark Bruce, by confining him in the 
run from the 14th of February to the 11th of 
September. McFaden deserted on account of 
ill treatment, as he said, but was re-taken after 
an absence of twelve hours, but refused to return 
to duty. The captain ordered him into the run, 
to be kept there until he consented to go to duty, 
on bread and water. He stuck it out till the bark 



■Seeing- the Male Ashore.— For setting Daniel 
Durant, the mate, ashore, on Proland Island, and 
leaving him there, captain Alden was held in the 
further sum of $200. 

Penalty for Smuggling Mackerel— In the case 
of James M. Duggan, master of the Halifax 
schooner Waltron, charged with smuggling seven 
barrels of mackerel, the jury returned a verdict 
of guilty. Penalty $400. 

Accident. — Capt. Evans, of British schooner 
Eliza Jane, arrived recently from St. John, N. B. 
was struck on the head by the boom of his ves- 
sel, while jibing, and instantly killed. 

Electrical Eel.— The bark Patapsco, which 
lately arrived from Honduras, had on board an 
electrical eel, said to be the only one ever brought 
to this country. It possesses galvanic power in 
a great degree, and the effect of touching it with 
the hand, is precisely the same as touching the 
poles of an electric machine. 

Compliment to Capt. Rtrie. — Mr. Geo. 
B. Jones, who came passenger in the Hibernia, 
with his lady, has presented to Captain Ryrie, a 
very handsome silver Tankard, in commemora- 
tion of the quickest passage ever accomplished 
across the Alantic ocean. 

Menhaden.— About 1000 barrels of menhaden 
were taken at one haul, a week or two since, at 
Plymouth beach. 

Launch. — A fine ship of about 600 tons, call- 
ed the Thomas B. Wales, has been launched by 
Messrs. Waterman & Elwcll, at Medford. She 
is owned by Messrs. T. B Wales & Co., and S. 
Quincy, and is intended for a freighter. She is 
to be commanded by Capt. David Crocker. 

fjy Mr. Bibb, the new Secretary of the Treas- 
ury, has actually decided that Sumatra and Java 
Coffee, imported into this country in Dutch ves- 
sels, is free of duty, while that imported in Amer- 
ican vessels, is liable to a duty of 20 per cent. I 
thus making a discrimination in favor of the for- 
eign vessel ! 

fjC/** American newspapers are admitted free 
of duty into the island of Porto Rico. 

fjyThe attempts to raise the wreck of the 
Erie, burned and sunk in Lake Erie, some time 
since, have entirely failed. The Buffalo Com- 
mercial Advertiser says, " she cannot be raised. 
Several attempts have been made to get the hull 
and engine afloat, but on getting the vast bulk 
weighed with chains, something continued lo give 
way and let her down to the bottom again, some 
65 feet from the surface. Those interested in 
the undertaking, will in future direct their exer- 
tions to recovering such pieces of the machinery 
only as may be deemed worthy of preservation." 



fXT^The New Orleans Bee, of Sept. 11, says 
our city was never more healthy than at present. 
There are no signs whatever of an epidemic ( 
and sporadic cases of fever which have occured 
are few and far between. Our absent friends 

arrived here. Ordered to recognize in $800, for [ may begin to return without the slightest ap- 

'his appearance to answer at the District Court. prehensions. 



Court Martial. The N. Y. Sun says:— 
Captains Frazer and Howard have been ordered 
to be Court martialed for an assault upon Captain 
Fazio. 

Quick Passage. — The ship Florence, Capt. 
Leach, which arrived at New York, 24th ult., has 
been absent only four months and four days, 
having visited Matanzas and St. Petersburg ; and 
returned, carrying full cargoes each way. 

From Havana. Advices from Havana state 
that after eight months of most distressing drought, 
the Island has at length been visited by the most 
refreshing and abundant rains. Vegetation once 
more begins to flourish, and the sugar and tobacco 
crop looks favorable. 

Destructive Fire in Gaudaloupe. Capt 
Kirwan, of the schooner Thomas Hooper, at 
Baltimore from Antigua, reports that a fire broke 
out at Basseterre, Guadaloupe, on the 26th Aug., 
and had burnt nearly all the town down, and was 
burning still on the morning of the 27th, at the 
time the steamer left. Loss of property said to 
be one million of dollars. 

A Dead Whale was recently fallen in with 
by some poor fishermen of Teeling on ihe coast 
of Donegal, Ireland, who succeeded in towing 
him into the harbor. He was ninety feet long, 
and proved to be a rich prize, realizing to the 
captors between £200 and £300. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

A correspondent of the Philadelphia Exchange states 

that a pilot bo.it left Delaware break water 9lh ult , for 

the purpose of removing the Five Fathom Light Boat 

from her station to Wilmington, Del. to undergo repairs 

DISASTERS AT SEA. 

Schooner Ivanhoe.at Philadelphia from Newburyport, 
split sails, carried awny jib, and sustained considerable 
injury in hull, during the gale of 12th ult., off Capes of 
Delaware. 

Sloop Lagrange, of Nantucket, hence for Albany, with 
plaster, got in contact night of 15th ult., off Race Point, 
with a pink stern fishing schooner, and was cut down to 
the water's edge: her mainsail was also badly torn. She 
was run on shore at Wood End, where her leak was 
stopped at low water, and she proceeded to Province- 
town for repairs. The schooner also proceeded to 
Provincetown, and apparently had no damage except 
having bulwarks stove. 

Schooner Emily, of and from Bangor, at Salem, 17th 
ult., went ashore on Coney Island ledges same morning, 
but got off at noon with little damage. 

Brig Tuscar, of and from this port, which was snagged 
and sunk about 100 miles below New Orleans, July 2, 
has been raised, and was towed to New Orleans, 4th inst. 
Brig Pacific, at Provincetown, reports fell in H ith 15th 
Aug. hit. 33° 50', Ion. 50°, a schooner bottom up. She 
was coppered to light water mark, and painted white 
above to her bends ; had from 40 to 45 feet keel ; bottom 
plank and ceiling oak; had two shrouds aft; no spam 
attached ; could not ascertain her name for barnacles. 

The crew of brig Geo. Henry, from St. Domingo for 
.New York, which put into Norfolk, 12th ult., were all 
sick and would all be sent to the hospital. Mr. Long, 
the first officer, was also sick. Capt. Blakely had beea 
on deck for 14 days. 

The Baltimore Patriot states that the wreck of » 
schooner, bottom up, seen by brig Pacific, at this port, 
(before reported,) answers the description of schooner 
Mary Bright, Capt. Bright, of that port, which cleared 
at New York Feb. 25, for West Indies, and has not iiMe 
been heard frcra. 



152 



SHEET ANCHOR 




The above cut represents a correct view of the Light-House of Howth, Ireland, between two reruarkubly pointed rocks, called The Needles. 




Th.8 Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
put it asunder. 



In this city, Capt. John Swett, of Truro, to Miss 
Clarissa A. Baker. 

In Charlestown, Capt. Ephrai.u Hosmf.r, of Cam- 
deni, Me., to Miss Harriet McLachias. 

In Newburyport, Capt. Jacob B Chase to Miss Han- 

WAH J. THURLOW. 




THE LAST VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 



In Marblehead, 17th ult., Lewis Girui.fr, late com- 
mander U. S. Revenue Service, aged 78 vears. 

In Newburyport, 15th ult., Capt. Joseph Bunker, of 
Cranberry Island, Me., master of schr. Mogul, aped 24. 

In Bangor, 12th ult., Capt. Wm. Grozier, or Orland, 
Mo., formerly of Provincetown, aged 50 years. 

In Brooklyn. N. V., I9th ult., James II. Clark, Esq., 
Purser U. S. Navy, aged 61 years. 

In St Louis. Mo., I9th August, after a short illness, 
Lieut Francis E. Barrv, U. S. Navy. 

In ApaUchicola, Flor., Charles C. Russule, of this 
eiljr, recently of the V. S. Revenue Service, at Mobile. 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mas 

TRAVELLING AGENT. 
Rev. SILAS BULEY, of Dorchester. 



Committee 



For Gratuitous Distribution among Seamen. 

Rev. CHARLES W. DENISON, Sheet Anchor Office. 

Rev. E. T. TAYLOR, North Square Bethel. 

Rev. D. M. LORD, Purchase Street Betliel. 

Rev. J. M. BUZZEL, Chaplain of the new Seamen's 

Bethel, over Quiney Market. 
MOSES GRANT, Eso... Cambridge Street. 
Rev. SETH BLISS, Tract Depository, Cornhill. 
'.' W. B. TAPPAN, American S. S. Union Deposi- 

tory, Cornhill. 
Dea: T. THWING, City Missionary. 96 Washington St. 
BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS, Esq., Atkins' Wharf 
Rev. WILLIAM HOWE, chapel, corner of Friend and 

Deacon Streets. 
Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 

of Hanover and Prince Streets, Boston. 

Capt. T. V. SULLIVAN, 
General Agent for collecting funds for this 
object. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street, liov. Henry (.'base, 186 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. K. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal ( hurch. Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev G. W. Bourne, Exchange Hall. 

Boston- Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. DanielM- 
Lord ■, Bethel Church, North Square, Rev. E. T. Taylor. 
" BosTofi Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. Elder J. W. 
Holnnn, over Quiney Market. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, It. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark. N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 
0. DniiL'lass. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Philpot St., Rev. H. Best. 

Charleston. Church Street, nearWater Street, Rev. 
VV. II. Yates. 



Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Osioe^o. Rev. F. Pierce. 

Rockelts. Va. Bev. A. Mebane. 

Alexandria, D. C. The resident Clergy. 

Savannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White. 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-IIOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead, 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Meet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Quin, Jr., No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Langdoa 
Place. Salisbury, No. HO Commercial Street. 

Davio Chafi'IN, 77.J Commercial Street. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Hosmer, No, 
51 North Market Street. 

Mrs Street, 209 Ann Street. 

A. ( 'lark, I North Square. 

J. R. Taylor, 40 Southac St., for colored seamen. 

Salem. Ebenezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mrs. 
Greenleaf, Bccket Street, near Deiby Street. 

Portland, Me. — ^eamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 

New i'ork. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street. between 
Market and Pike Streets. 

Capt. Roland Gelston, No. 320, Pearl Street. 

Other Bo.irdinir-Houses in New York City. John 
Mcl.ell.in, 154 Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, 61 Cherry Street. 

Providence, ft. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. < ant. Hamilton, 23 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow streets. Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home, (Eastbnrn House,) No. 
10, Lombardy Street, near Front Street. Sam'l Room, 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Society. 

Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts., by Win Hammond, under thecare ol the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17. .Main Street, 
Capt. Hnlcohn. 

iveiii ffaven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Str«et, Fell's Point. 

Alexandria, 1). C. Sailor's Home, by John RobinsoB. 



f QJw;*C( 




" Which hope we have 



as an anchor of the soul.'' 



JONATHAN HOWE, 



PUBLISHER. ::::::::::::::::::::::: REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1844. 



No. 20. 



SHEET AI€H©E, 

[OFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS ROW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cacse of 

SEAMKS to VIRTUE to TEMPERANCE 

tO HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONK DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers. andremit 
the money, shall receive a sisth copy gratis, and the 
same proportion for larger numbers. 
AGENTS. 

SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: J SEELAST PJGE . 

KEEPERS OF SAILORS' HOMES. $ 

JKJ- See list of names on last page. 



1¥. 



"Wonders in the deep." 






A Polar Adventure. 

A thrilling adventure of a boat's crew among fields of 
polar ice. Taken from Capt. Beechy s Narrative. 

An officer of the Dorothea obtained per- 
mission to proceed with a few seamen over 
the ice to the shore, which was distant about 
three or four miles from the ships — a journey 
which, while the day was fine and the breeze 
light, seemed to be of very easy accomplish- 
ment. Early in the afternoon he set out with 
his party, and commenced his excursion 
pleasantly enough, travelling at a good rate, 
and surmounting every obstacle. Scarcely, 
however, had he reached half way to the 
shore, when the appearance of a fog in the 
horizon induced the prudent part of his com- 
panions to return to the ships, and shortly 
afterwards obliged the remainder to desist 
from proceeding further. The fog approach- 
ed quicker than was expected, and soon ob- 
scured every distant object ; so that the party 
having failed in every other mode of preserv- 
ing the direction of the ships, attempted, as 
a last resource, to trace their foots-marks in 
the snow; but this was found to be equally 
impracticable, in consequence of the pieces 
of ice over which they passed having chang- 
ed their position, and of the occurrence of 
other tracts, such as those of bears and seals, 



which at a distance were mistaken for their 
own. Thus circumstanced, they felt the full 
extent of the danger to which they had 
thoughtlessly exposed themselves, a danger of 
no trifling magnitude, as it threatened to in- 
volve the lives of the remaining party. Still 
endeavoring to preserve the direction in which 
the ships had last been seen, they wandered 
about, making a very circuitous course, which 
was rendered still more indirect than it might 
otherwise have been, by the difficulty of get- 
ting from one piece of ice to another, and 
the necessity of searching for the most con- 
venient places for that purpose. 

To travel over ragged pieces of ice, upon 
which there were l- :•.. feet of snow, often 
more, springing from one slippery piece to 
another, or, when the channels between them 
were too wide for this purpose, ferrying them- 
selves across upon detached fragments, was a 
work which required no ordinary exertion to 
execute. Indeed, the getting from one piece 
to another, was, throughout, by no means the 
least hazardous part of their journey ; the 
difficulties, too, were much increased, and 
many accidents occurred, through the hurry 
and anxiety to overcome them speedily, which 
occasioned the neglect of many precautions 
that leisure had before enabled them to ob- 
serve, in order to insure their safety. Some 
fell into the water, and were with difficulty 
saved from drowning by their companions, 
while others, afraid to make any hazardous 
attempts whatever, were left upon pieces of 
ice, and drifted about at the mercy of the 
winds and tides. 

Foreseeing the probability of a separation, 
they took the first opportunity of dividing, 
in equal' shares, the small quantity of pro- 
visions which they had remaining, as also 
their stock of powder and ammunition. — 
They also took it in turns to fire muskets, in 
hope of being heard from the ships, which 
they knew would return the fire, and -that 
they would thus at least learn in what direc- 
tion to proceed, even though it might be im- 
practicable to derive assistance from them. 
These discharges were distinctly beard on 
board ; but it is a remarkable fact that, al- 



though they were answered by volleys of mus- 
ketry, and even by cannon, not one report 
was heard by the party, who consequently 
concluded themselves at a much greater dis- 
tance from the ships than they really were. 
Our adventurers continued to travel in the 
supposed direction of the ships, keeping with- 
in view of each other, and rendering one 
another all the assistance possible, until a lit- 
tle breeze sprung up, and set the pieces of 
ice in rapid motion. Unable to contend with 
this new difficulty, and overcome with wet, 
cold, and sixteen hours of fatigue, they sat 
down in a state of despondency, upon a piece 
of ice, determined to submit their fate to 
Providence. 

It is difficult to imagine a more distressing 
situation than that of the party at this mo- 
ment, almost perishing with cold and fatigue, 
and the bare snow for their only resting place, 
their supply of provision exhausted, and them- 
selves drifting about in a thick fog, they 
knew not whither, perhaps far away from 
their ships, and with the prospect of being 
carried out to sea, where death would have 
been inevitable. The muskets we had heard 
on board the ship had, of course, made us 
extremely anxious to afford relief to our suf- 
fering companions ; but for many hours no 
person dared venture over the ice on account 
of the fog, and the difficulty of getting back 
to the ship ; but when, by the report of the 
muskets becoming more audible, we found 
that the party were drifting towards us, the 
anxiety to rescue them was so great that the 
Greenland master, and mate of the Trent, 
ventured out, with poles aud lines, and had 
the good fortune to fall in with the party, 
who by this time were drifting nearly within 
sicrht of the vessels. 

They found them seated upon a piece ot 
ice, cold, wet, and-so overcome, that in a few 
hours more, the greater part of them must 
have perished. Their joy at unexpectly be- 
holding their companions come to their re- 
lief, and still more at finding themselves so 
near their ship, may readily be imagined, and 
inspired them with fresh vigor, which enabled 
them, with the assistance of their shipmates. 



. 









154 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



to effect the remainder of their journey. — 
After eighteen hours absence, they all got 
safely on board, fully determined, in future, 
to rest satisfied with a view of the shore which 
was afforded them from the ship, and without 
the slightest desire to attempt to approach it 
again by means of the ice. 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



Bum's Fatal Work. 

On Monday evening, 16th ult., says the 
New Haven, Conn. Fountain, we took pas- 
sage in the steamer Globe, for New York. 
The night passed quietly, and the boat made 
rapid progress on her way, until about three 
o'clock in the morning, when we ca'm/e abreast 
of the Navy Yard, Brooklyn. Just at this 
moment, the crew and passengers were start- 
led by the most piercing cries of distress 
from a multitude of voices, apparently under 
the bottom of the boat. We rushed on deck, 
and found that a small boat had been run 
down by the steamer, and several men were 
clinging to the wheel, while others were scat- 
tered here and there in the water, swimming 
for life. The steamer's boats were instantly 
lowered, and all the men were picked up and 
saved that could be found — though one poor 
fellow sunk into a watery grave. 

It appeared that a party of Italian musi- 
cians had been on board a Mexican steamer 
lying in the stream, and were returning at 
that late hour, in a boat rowed by five Mexi- 
can sailors. All were more or less intoxi- 
cated, and the sailors made a mad attempt to 
cross the Globe's track, by which means their 
boat was brought under the wheel, and an 
immortal soul was sent into eternity. 

Crimping System in London. 

Extracts from the New York Sailor's Magazine. 

"Jack is now ashore, and as long as he is 
ashore, he must be drunk, or Mr. Crimp's 
business will not prosper ; so as the ' Jolly 
Sa'ilor' is a very good house, and they are 
just passing it, they may as well just stop 
aiid have a pot of half-and-half, to drink 
health to old England. But one is found to be 
hardly sufficient for a good draught a-piece, 
so it is followed by another, and another, and 
another ; and the last two or three must have 
a little rum in them just to take off the flat- 
ness. By this time they are a set of as jovial 
and generous fellows as ever manned a yard. 
The landlord is smiling, the crimp is wink- 
ing, the female harpy is ensnaring and entic- 
ing, and poor Jack is singing and shouting, 
and swaggering, and paying. 

"At last on they jog till they arrive at Mr. 
Crimp's boarding house. Then, of course, 



he must stand treat to the mistress, and the 
lodgers, and shipmates, and himself, by way 
of a footing. The liquor is thoughtlessly or- 
dered, and eagerly drank. This is a fine op- 
portunity for Mr. C. It is one of h is first 
chances of remuneration for his trouble and 
expense, so it is not at all unreasonable or 
uncommon that for every pint of liquor or- 
dered and drank, a pot or more should be put 
down to Jack's score. He knows very well 
that his helpless victims are entirely ignorant 
of the precise quantity, and so he takes ad- 
vantage of them with impunity. 

" Pay-day arrives. Jack has been drunk 
ever since he has been ashore, and, conscious 
of his helplessness, the crimp has no difficul- 
ty in persuading him that he is unfit to take 
charge of so large a sum as he is about to re- 
ceive, and kindly offers to accompany him, 
receive and bring home his money safely for 
him, and proposes to settle accounts on their 
return. When this business is introduced, 
our tar is amazed at the exorbitant charges ; 
he cannot remember having had this, or that, 
or the other, as stated in his bill. No, nor 
any one else but the crimp, and he pretends 
to remember the circumstances exactly, and 
puts it beyond the possibility of contradic- 
tion, by adding, ' don't you remember, it was 
that night you were drunk?' 

" Very little of his wages remains when he 
has settled his bill, but even this remnant is 
entrusted to the care of his artful foe; and, 
in a short time he is informed that his ex- 
penses have exceeded what is in hand, and 
he must really begin to look out for a ship. 
It would be a sort of kindness to turn poor 
Jack out of doors now, but the crimp knows 
when he gets a ship, he will also get an ad- 
vance note, and not satisfied unless he strips 
him to the very bone, he will not drive him 
off till he can claim this also, at the same 
time that he makes a merit of retaining him, 
and with daring effrontery asks him where 
he would be if he were not a friend to him ? 

At last he is informed by his host, that he 
has provided him with a berth, and must go 
on board directly. But what is he to do for 
an outfit? Here again the kind host pro- 
vides. He undertakes to see to' all that, and 
all Jack has to do is to sign articles, obtain 
his note, and hand it over to the crimp. He 
is speedily put on board his ship, the last 
words of his deceitful friend to him beino;, 
as he bids him good-bye, 'that he ought to 
feel greatly indebted to him for his kindness ; 
that though fifteen shillings of his account 
still remain unpaid, he is willing to trust him 
till he returns ; wisffes him a prosperous 
voyage, and hopes to see him again. 

" Anil thus is the most noble and most gen- 
erous of Britain's sons duped, before he sets 
his foot ashore, into a belief of the assuran- 
ces of his greatest enemy, remains a dupe 



during the whole of his stay at home, to the 
artifices and machinations of the crimp and 
his abandoned gang, and sails again duped 
into the belief that he remains under the 
greatest obligations to them, and that the 
least he can do is to recompense them for 
their kindness to him on his next return. — 
Before we bid Jack farewell, let us just step 
below with him, and peep into the chest of 
our penniless friend. He is now orra voyage 
to the East Indies — we feel what his stock 
should be, and we stoop to see what it is. 
We find it composed of a pair of canvass 
trovvsers, Guernsey frock, one pair of stock- 
ings, a couple of slop-made shirts, a pair of 
thin pumps, and a half-pound of tobacco ! 
Alas, for poor Jack ! 

Temperance in India. 

Bombay. — " Our teetotal reform," says the 
venerable Archdeacon Jeffreys, in a letter to 
E. C. Delevan, Esq., " has wonderfully pros- 
pered within the last month. We have ob- 
tained more than 100 signatures within the 
last three weeks, which is a great thing for 
Bombay. At Poona and Canamore and all 
the stations where there are European regi- 
ments, there are Regimental Temperance 
Societies, containing 150 to 200 members. 
The American frigate Brandywine, has just 
been in our harbor, and the chaplain and the 
Rev. Mr. Jones, attended one of our meet- 
ings, and gave us great assistance. I am in- 
formed that the Commodore and several of 
the officers are teetotallers." 



Sandwich Islands. 

A correspondent of the N. Y. Observer 
says, that as "France has not acknowledged 
the independence of the Islands, the govern- 
ment feel bound to countenance the traffic in 
ardent spirits." The evils which might oth- 
erwise flow from this compulsory determina- 
tion on the part of the government have been 
obviated in the instance of Lahaina, at least 
by a public spirited merchant, whom we are 
proud to say is our countryman, who purchas- 
ed the only license sold, with the intention of 
" laying it on the shelf." From and after the 
first of April last, it was hoped that not a 
glass of liquor could be procured at the port 
of Lahaina. — Ex. paper. 

Temperance Ship. — The new whale ship 
Citizen, sailed from Nantucket lately, bound 
for the Pacific Ocean. Previous to sailing, 
the captain and all hands signed the total 
abstinence pledge. 

Good. — No liquor is allowed to be carried 
on board of the New York and Stonington 
line of steamboats by any of the stewards or 
waiters, on pain of dismissal. 






SHEET ANCHOR. 



155 



THI KOMI. 

A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



From the Exeter N. H., Christian Herald. 

The Bethel. 

Brethren and acquaintance from Provi- 
dence, R. I., tell me the Bethel meeting is 
getting on remarkably well. I am told by a 
number of solid, thinking men from that 
place, of different religious views, that Elder 
Benjamin Taylor is not only eminently 
adapted to his calling and work, but daily in- 
creasing in usefulness and favor with the pub- 
lic o-enerally, while many prejudices are rap- 
idly wearing away. They also say, that his 
meeting promises to he one of the most, use- 
ful as well as best attended in the place — 
that recently a large number of seamen have 
come in to their place of worship — and that 
the sea-faring interest is being very much ex- 
tended in that city, giving a wider as well 
as more important field of labor to the Bethel 
friends. 

All of this is truly encouraging — especial- 
ly to those who have given or may give here- 
after for this object. Some have inquired 
with much propriety, whether Elder Taylor 
will probably continue there, and things go 
on, so as to become permanent and settled, 
so that donors giving for this worthy purpose, 
may feel assured they have not sowed in vain 
— but that some, either from the sea or land 
are entering into their labors, and gathering 
fruit unto life eternal ! that both he that sow- 
eth and he that reapeth may rejoice together. 
For good men are not only willing, but anx- 
ious to o-ive, when well convinced their gift 
will be so improved, as to go forth diffusing 
mercy-drops and yielding the fruits of righte- 
ousness and peace, even when they are cold 
in death. For thus it may be, and thus it 
often is, thank God. 

To the first point, then. Elder Taylor as- 
sures all, that he shall do all in his power, to 
make this Bethel a permanent blessing to the 
seamen of that port, and to the Christian 
cause in that community ; and in all human 
probability, will continue as the preacher and 
pastor there for years. And as to the other, 
I must say for one, I have never seen, in these 
parts, on opening among us, where we might 
hope for more good being done, in giving to 
benevolent objects than in the one now be- 
fore us. The interesting state of things 
among them — the success already realized, 
the prospects before, the worthy minister at 
the head, and the wonderful blessing of God 
already falling upon this part of the mission- 
ary enterprise ; all call upon us with heaven- 
ly accents, with trumpet tones to be ready to 
distribute, willing to communicate, laying up 
for ourselves a good foundation against the 
time to come, that we may lay hold on eter- 
nal life. 



Brethren, who is there among us that will 
not give something for this good work ? And 
what thou givest, give now, give cheerfully, 
for the Lord loves the cheerful giver. 

E. Edmunds. 

New Mariner's M. E. Church. 

The Now York Christian Advocate and Journal in no- 
ticing the erection of the new Mariner's Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, says : 

It is highly gratifying at all times to see our 
friends engaged in the good work of building 
churches. The erection of places for the 
public worship of God is certainly one of the 
noblest charities of the age. And perhaps 
there never was a more promising field of 
usefulness than is offered by the New Mari- 
ners' Church now in process of erection in 
this city. It has been, found that seafaring 
men require the ordinances of religion and 
the privileges of church fellowship, as much 
as any other class of individuals. A con- 
siderable number have recently found peace 
through the blood of the cross, and almost 
every week we hear of accessions to the 
Church in Cherry Street. The pastor, Rev. 
J. Poisal, informs us that the members of 
other evangelical churches manifest the most 
cordial good will and Christian affection ; 
and as an evidence of their sincerity they 
have contributed very liberally toward the 
new church. We congratulate our brethren 
and friends, and heartily unite with them in 
praying that " the abundance of the sea may 
be converted to God." 

Seamen's Cause in New Orleans. 

It has long been deeply regretted by the 
friends of seamen, that so little was done in 
this port to promote the temporal and spirit- 
ual condition of this interesting and impor- 
tant class of our fellow men. It is true that 
considerable sums of money have from time 
to time been raised, and in some way or 
other appropriated to promote this object, 
and yet but very little good has been accom- 
plished. 

We are, however, happy to perceive that 
this subject is again awakening considerable 
interest in the minds of Protestant Christians 
in this community. East winter a "Sea- 
men's Friend Society" was organized, and 
is steadily prosecuting its work of benevo- 
lence with encouraging success. This So- 
ciety has had a large room fitted up for the 
purposes of a " Bethel ;" a chaplain is also 
regularly employed, and religious service, 
during the business season, is held three 
times on the Sabbath, and once or twice dur- 
ing the week. The attendance upon all 
these services has been uniformly good, and 
the indications of Providence seem to call 
upon the friends of the enterprise to perse- 



vere in the work which they have undertaken, 
for "in due time they shall reap, if they 
faint not." 

In addition to the Bethel operations, sus- 
tained by the "New Orleans Seamen's Friend 
Society," it affords us pleasure to hear that 
a " Sailor's Home," or in other words, a 
temperance boarding house for seamen, has 
been established. This boarding house is 
kept by one who has himself been a sailor, 
and is in every respect, so far as we are able 
to judge, well qualified to conduct such an 
enterprise. 

There is also another place of worship, or 
Bethel, for seamen, under the care of the 
Methodist denomination, and which we are 
told, promises to be the means, under God, 
of doing great good to those for whose bene- 
fit it has been established. 



'A Map of busy life." 



The following communication from Rev.J.M. Buz- 
zei.l, late chaplain to seamen, and who has been com- 
pelled, on account of ill health, to abandon the enterprise 
in which he so recently engaged in behalf of the sons of 
the ocean in Boston, will be read with lively interest by 
our numerous sailor friends and others who are interest- 
ed in the good cause. 

We cordially invite Mr. B., in behalf of the Editor 
who is now absent, to contribute to the columns of the 
Sheet Anchor as often aB opportunity may offer. G> 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

What Seamen can do for God. 

One of the most important considerations 
which should be constantly borne in mind by 
all such, as are especially interested in behalf 
of seamen, is the vast amount of good which 
that class of persons can accomplish, when 
once brought under the sanctifying influence 
of divine grace. No class of men have 
greater opportunities of exerting a hallowed 
influence in favor of truth, or of conveying, 
as missionaries of the cross, the glad news of 
peace and pardon to their dying fellow men 
in different parts of the world. 

Every sailor, therefore, which has been truly 
converted to God, and is fired with holy zeal 
for the salvation of his fellow men, may be 
regarded as a missionary, and under God may 
be the happy instrument of saving thousands 
of his fellow men. The seeds of truth, sown 
here and there, in the various ports or har- 
bors to which he may be destined, will often 
take root in good ground and bring forth fruit 
to the glory of God. 

There are certain important traits in the 
sailor's character, which renders the success 
of the religious seamen more probable. 

1st. They are bold and energetic, possess- 
ing a spirit of perseverance ; hence they are 
not so easily discouraged or diverted from 
their purposes, and being generally ardent in 
their feeling, the appeals of such as are cob- 



156 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



strained by the love of Christ, to the hearts 
and consciences of their fellows, are more 
powerful and effective. 

2d. On the other hand, sailors generally 
are more credulous than other men. They 
are open, frank and honest themselves, and 
consequently free from that Jealous skepti- 
cism, which, in a great measure, defeats the 
great design of the gospel, with others. — 
However irreligious they may be in other re- 
spects, they are true to their word, and attach 
much importance to telling the truth, and it 
is seldom that you can find a lying sailor. 
Being honest therefore themselves, they are 
credulous, and hence, if they are addressed 
by their fellows on the subject of religion 
with that sincerity, simplicity and energy 
which is characteristic of the sailor, the prob- 
ability is, to say the least, such efforts will 
generally be successful. 

Another circumstance operates favorably. 
Seamen are not generally exposed to the in- 
fluence of infidel books and papers, conse- 
quently they, as a class, are not disposed to 
cavil with the truth. The last impressions 
of a religious character, were made, perhaps, 
by the prayers and advice of a mother, or 
father, who was a Christian, before they left 
the paternal roof; and having early imbibed 
religious opinions, however careless and sin- 
ful may have been their career, the truth 
meets with fewer obstacles in the seaman's 
heart, than in the hearts of other men. And 
when convicted, they are more ready to con- 
fess their sins with frankness to God, and be- 
fore the world, that they may find mercy. — 
There is every encouragement, therefore, for 
nil to labor perseveringly for the salvation of 
seamen, and more especially for seamen to 
make efforts to save each other. The set 
time has indeed come, when God will bless 
the labors of his servants in carrying forward 
the work of salvation among the sons of the 
ocean. The recent displays of his power 
among that class of men, is an indication 
that he will yet more signally crown the ef- 
forts of those who are zealously devoted to 
this good cause. For this, let every Christian 
P r ay. J. M. Bczzell. 

Saco, Sept. 1844. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Autumn Leaves. 

The fulling of the autumn leaves should 
remind us of the importance of turning over 
the leaves of the log book of time, and med- 
itate upon the past, as well as muse upon 
the future. There are times and seasons in 
the lives of all, when all should ponder on 
the journey of life, and scrutinize the char- 
acter of the foot-prints they have left behind. 
The seasons are flying rapidly one by one 
over our heads, and each passing moment 
brings us nearer and nearer to the end of 



life's pilgrimage. How important the duty, 
then, of turning our thoughts inward, and 
devoting a little time to self-examinatiun, to 
see if we can conscientiously arrive at the 
conclusion that the world will be any better 
for our having lived in it. Have we thus far 
fulfilled the purposes of our existence? Have 
we faithfully discharged our duty to our fel- 
low creatures and our God ? 

" What have we done that's worth a doing, 
What have we learnt that's worth the knowing." 

Present to a reflecting man a faithful his- 
tory of his past life, and how many precious 
moments will he discover that he has thrown 
away ; how many opportunities for doing 
good to those around him have been passed 
by unnoticed. The history of the past brings 
aught but pleasure to our minds ; our best 
services have been but feeble offerings to the 
Giver of all earthly blessings. The history 
of the past will show that we have left un- 
done many things which we ought to have 
done, and have done many things which we 
ought not to have done. 

In meditating upon by-gone hours, we are 
at once led to contemplate upon the future ; 
and all reflections upon the past are entirely 
useless, unless the tendency of them is to af- 
fect our future conduct. Let, then, our past 
history remind us of the necessity of a more 
careful husbanding of the precious moments 
of time, the precious opportunities for doing 
good in our day and generation. Let the 
farmer, as he reaps his harvest, think of the 
goodness of God, who has so kindly provid- 
ed for the children of men. Let the stately 
merchant, as he treads the busy marts of life, 
call to mind that Being in whose hand his 
breath is, and remember that time is hasten- 
ing him on with hurried tread to that bourne 
from whence no traveller returns. Let the 
hard toiling mechanic, as he daily plies him- 
self to his accustomed task, mingle with his 
daily toil the thought of an hereafter, and re- 
member that time's mighty avalanche is has- 
tening him also to eternity. Let, also, the 
hardy sons of the ocean remember, that they 
are fast sailing from time to eternity. Sailor ! 
set thine house in order now, in the time of 
this mortal life, for thou shalt die and not 
live. 07= 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

"In the midst of Life we arc in Death." 
How true this is of all, but especially of 
seamen of whom it has been said, that eleven 
sixteenths of their number die sudden and 
violent deaths. 

I once made a voyage in a clipper built 
schooner, to the coast of Brazil ; she was 
sharp as a wedge, and as wet as a diving-bell. 
The captain and the mate were both pious 
men, but the crew, with a single exception, 
were without religion. Among their num- 
ber, was one by the name of William, an 



Englishman, of about twenty years of age, 
of most interesting manners, and unusual in- 
telligence. For this young man a deep inter- 
est was felt by all on board ; the male, in a 
special manner, was interested in his soul's 
welfare, and improved every opportunity to 
impress upon his mind the importance of per- 
sonal religion. 

We had just taken the trade winds, off the 
Western Islands ; they blew strong, attended 
with heavy squalls. Water spouts more nu- 
merous than I had ever before witnessed, 
gathered around us in portentous grandeur, 
and as sentinels of the deep, seemed deter- 
mined to dispute our passage in every direc- 
tion. For hours our course was amid these 
ocean terrors. At length, after a day of 
anxiety, peril and fatigue, night came on in 
pitchy darkness, and with no improvement of 
the weather. Of the water spouts, we could 
know nothing, for the darkness hid them 
from our view. But it was with indiscriba- 
ble emotions of fear, that we stood our watch 
that night. The hour of family worship — 
seven bells — having arrived, all hands came 
aft, to attend to that important and delightful 
duty. 

'The landsman little dreams of the self- 
denials and difficulties of the pious sailor, 
who makes family religion at sea a matter of 
imperative duty ; and blow high or blow low, 
scrupulously observes the stated worship of 
the vessel. And I have often thought, since 
that awful night, that the family altar on the 
land would not — as is too often the case — be 
abandoned, and its fire permitted to go out, 
if landsmen, like sailors, were often brought 
to feel their dependence upon God, for de- 
liverance from present, and threatened evil. 

We were now huddled together in our lit- 
tle cabin — not the most convenient place for 
religious worship — with the wind howling 
around us in fitful gusts ; the waves sweep- 
ing over us, and the unseen water spouts 
threatening destruction to our little bark and 
all on board. In this situation we engaged 
in family worship that night. What a con- 
trast to a scene of family worship on the 
land, and who can feel its force but a sailor? 
At length the Bible was produced ; a portion 
of Scripture read, accompanied with remarks 
applicable to our peculiar trying circumstan- 
ces ; and the crew exhorted by the captain, 
to surrender themselves into the hand of God, 
and obtain that pardon and peace of which 
they might stand in need before the dawn of 
another day. Prayers were then offered up, 
and the services closed. 

It was a deeply interesting season. The 
solemnities of eternity settled down upon our 
hearts, and we felt, those of us that enter- 
tained a hope in Christ, that it was a great 
privilege to be permitted to repose upon a 
Saviour's bosom in this our trying hour. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



157 



It was now eight o'clock, p. m., and one 
watch went below. About this time a heavy 
squall struck us, and all hands were called to 
take in what little sail remained upon the 
schooner, and lay her too under bare poles. 
William, the young Englishman, did not ap- 
pear among the rest of the crew. The mate 
went forward and called him, but no answer. 
A search was made, but he was no where to 
be found. He was seen no more at his duty 
on board ; he listened no more to the reading 
of God's word. A few moments before, and 
the last Christian exhortation fell on his ears, 
and a solemn and faithful one it was ; it is 
deeply impressed on my own heart to this 
day. The voice of prayer on his own behalf, 
was the last sound from human lips that reach- 
ed his departing soul. How the winds blew 
that night — the waves — how they foamed and 
dashed around us ; the darkness, too — how 
awful ! And oh ! to depart in such a night ! 
to depart without hope ! * * * * * 

No — much as we desired it might be so, 
poor William gave no evidence of sins for- 
, given, of God reconciled. For aught we 
know, he may be now in glory ; but his was 
a sad and doubtful case, as far as we knew 
about it. As to the manner of his departure 
to the world of spirits, we are entirely in the 
dark. But we suppose he must have washed 
overboard as he passed forward, by a heavy 
sea that struck the vessel about the time of 
setting the watch. 

Shipmates ! whose turn will come next, 
yours or mine is only known to God. But 
the question is, are we all prepared to go ? 
Have we profited by the last reading of the 
Scriptures to which we have listened; the 
last exhortation; the last prayer that has been 
offered up on our behalf. If not — let us do 
bo immediately, before the desolating waves 
of death sweep us away from life's moorings, 
and cast us upon the sunken rocks of eternal 
despair. Nautcler. 



Blest WOMAN'S voice ! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



Family Industrial Society. 

This Society is still prosecuting its truly 
benevolent work in New York city. It aids 
the wives, and widows, and children of sea- 
men in such a way as to promote self-respect, 
and encourage industry, and economy. The 
poor women come to the Society's store, and 
receive garments to make at a fair price. — 
This to the healthy and the willing to work, 
is far better than charity in money. 

For the purpose of replenishing the store, 
so that the deserving poor may thus be sup- 
plied the coming winter, the Society held a 



Fair in the Rosevelt Street Mariner's church, 
basement floor, the 7th and 10th inst. 

Donations for the above object may be di- 
rected to the office of the American Seamen's 
Friend Society, No. 71 Wall Street, or to 
the care of Rev. H. Chase, No. 44 Market 
Street, New York, and will be gratefully re- 
ceived. — Sailor's Mag. 

Consecration of the Bethel Flag. 

By Miss HANNAH F. GOULD. 
Away, bright 8ag. to the heathen land. 

And spread on its balmy breeze, 
Beneath thee gather a Christian band 

Of wanderers on the seas ! 
Hang o'er that spot 'mid the idol's ground, 

Like a hovering angel's wing, 
Where sweet is the gospel trumpet's sound, 

And the sons of Zion sing. 

We. send thee forth as a holy sign, 

A sacred offering given 
Above the house of our God to shine, 

A guide to that gate of heaven. 
And be thou true as the orient star, 

That once o'er Bethlehem shone; 
Where many shall come, from their homes afar, 

To worship the Hoi.y One. 

Receive, oh. Father, enthroned above, 

Great Ruler of earth and sea — 
Receive as hallowed, our gift of love, 

Thus offered unstained to Thee ! 
Our mariners guide with a tender care, 

Wherever the deep they roam ; 
And through life's perilous voyage, to bear 

Away for thy glorious home ! 

T HI ¥@OTH. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 

The First Voyage. 

A letter addressed to a young friend about to embark as a .jailor 

on his first voyage. 

By Rev. T. H. GALLAUDET. 

(Concluded.) 

Drink ever so little spirits when you first 
form acquaintance with your shipmates, for 
company's sake, or to avoid being laughed at 
for being a temperance man, and do you 
think you will have courage to abstain the 
second, third, or fourth time you are invited? 
If it should be soon seen that you can in- 
dulge a little in loose and low conversation, 
or listen to it with satisfaction — that you can 
pass or enjoy a joke on religious people or 
religious things — how hard it will be to turn 
about in opposition of the remarks of those 
around you, and do these degrading and sin- 
ful things no more. 

Profane the first Sabbath, and let the irre- 
ligious on board see that you belong to their 
class, and will you be able to resist their en- 
ticements or sneers, and keep the second and 
following Sabbaths as vou ought ? 

Set out from the very beginning with a 
fixed determination, (looking to God in fre- 
quent and earnest prayer to help you to keep 
it,) that you will converse and conduct as a 
Christian, discreet, and respectable young 



man ought to do ; and carry this determina- 
tion into effect without cant or boasting — in 
a calm, cheerful, kind and yet decided man- 
ner, bearing a few hard rubs, and perhaps 
some sarcastic or bitter remarks good na- 
turedly, and you will be gratified to see how 
soon all this will cease, and you take your 
proper stand among those around you, and 
be respected and well treated even by the 
most profane and licentious men on board. 

But to do this, you need divine strength ; 
you need to be a Christian in heart. This 
will constitute your only true security ; many 
and new temptations will surround you. You 
will need moral courage to resist them. — 
Look then to God, in humble and earnest 
prayer for the influence of the Holy Spirit, 
to lead you to sincere repentance for sin, and 
to a cordial faith in the Lord Jesus Christ as 
your only Saviour. Continue to look to Him, 
in the same way, for those daily supplies of 
wisdom, grace, and strength that you will pe- 
culiarly need. 

Read the Bible daily, if it is only a few 
verses. Read it more fully on the Sabbath, 
and also such other religious books as you 
may have. Remember the Sabbath day to 
keep it holy. I know there will be certain 
duties which, as a sailor, you will have to 
perform on that day, but notwithstanding this, 
you will have opportunities and modes of ob- 
serving the day properly. You can abstain 
from all conversation and conduct that is in- 
consistent with its sacrcdness, and you can 
let those around you see, that you are under 
the influence of Christian principle in this 
respect. Avoid intimacies with the profane, 
licentious, and the irreligious, while you treat 
all in a kind and gentlemanlike manner. — 
Pray for such persons, and try to do them 
o-ood in all wise and proper ways. Avoid 
bad and loose books and pictures (if there 
should be any such on board,) as you would 
avoid poison. Show your disapprobation of 
them in a marked and decided manner. — 
They have ruined thousands. 

If there are any decidedly steady, and, 
still more, religious sailors on board, seek 
their acquaintance, and cultivate their friend- 
ship. Two or three can greatly strengthen 
each other in what is right and good. Think 
of your dear father and mother, of your fam- 
ily and friends. Conduct well for their sakes. 
Think of God, whose eye will ever be upon 
you. Think of death ; it may overtake you 
unawares. Think of eternity ; how soon you 
will be there, to partake of its indescribable 
joys or sorrows. May the Lord bless you, 
guide, and keep you in the way of duty, of 
safety, and of peace. 



" In foreign realms, and lands remote 

Supported by His care, 
Through burning climes they pasB unhurt, 

And breathe in tainted air." 



158 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



CS 




that prevents us. Probably the storm is much 
more severe on the Atlantic coast, but it 
blew very heavily here all night. Let me as- 
sure the persons who suppose these inland 
seas to be a kind of fresh water ponds that 
are hid among the trees and always calm, 
that they are very much mistaken. What 
sailors call " a head-beat-sea," a short, angry, 
troublesome kind of waves, is always found 



try around, it having been early settled by 
the French, that is not often observed in the 
Western towns. The voyage from Lake 
Erie through Detroit river is one of the 
finest, in pleasant months, that can be made 
by any traveller. All around you, on the 
lands of the British and American shores, 
are signs of cultivation and taste alike sur- 
prising and delightful. Such is the impres- 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, OCT. 19, 1844. 



here in a gale in great abundance. Western , sion produced by this^city itself. After sail- 
sailors suffer much more, and especially late ing along the woody cliffs of Erie, for hun- 
in the Fall and early in the Spring, than is j dreds of miles, you pause at this port amidst 



)3-The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Seamen's Convention at Baltimore. 

A convention of preachers to seamen, and 
other friends of the sailor's cause, will be 
held in Baltimore, on Wednesday, October 
30, 1844, at 10 o'clock, A. M. A general 
attendance is requested. 

Qy* We are requested to state that Dele- 
gates to the above Convention will call at the 
Bookstores of Armstrong &, Berry, and 
Isaac P. Cook, Baltimore Street ; or at the 
house of Rev. H. Best, Market Street, Fell's 
Point, near corner of Pratt Street, where they 
will find the names and residences of the per- 
sons with whom they are appointed to stay 
during the Convention. The Convention 
will be held in Dr. Breckenridge's Session 
Room, Baltimore Street, East of Jones' Falls. 

Editorial Correspondence. 

BUFFALO, Sept. 27, 1844. 

My passage from New York to this city of 
the Lakes, has been a flying one. I did not 
stop, day or night, except a few hours at 
Rochester. The easiest part of the tour, 
thus far, was up the Hudson in the "Knick- 
erbocker." This is certainly the most per- 
fect specimen of a steam boat I have ever 
seen. I am told the " Empire," owned by 
the same company, is her superior. I do not 
see how that can be possible — but I shall 
probably have an opportunity of knowing on 
my return. 

I make but a short stay in Buffalo, intend- 
ing to remain longer on the passage home. 
There is evidently an improvement in the 
condition of the sailors and boatmen from 
what I saw when in the city some eight years 
since. The new Bethel looks well, and has 
a fine location for doing good. I hope to be 
able to give further particulars hereafter. 

ASHTABULA, Ohio, Sept. 29. 

This Sabbath is spent away from my be- 
loved charge, on board the steamboat in one 
of the harbors of Lake Erie. We had ex- 
pected to arrive in Cleveland last night, but 
a severe gale has been blowing for some hours 



generally supposed. The tempest to which 
we were exposed last night, while it excited 
my love of the ocean, and made me tread the 
midnight deck, through the howling blast, 
gave me fresh reasons to labor for the best 
good of Western sailors. I rejoice that the 
Sheet Anchor is increasing its sphere of 
usefulness among this numerous and valuable 
class of men. 

CLEVELAND, Sept. 30. 

I must not omit to mention my obligations 
to Captain Titus, of the steamer " Julia 
Palmer," with whom I left Buffalo on my 
upward voyage. This gentleman is a supe- 
rior officer. He commanded the "Erie" 
when she was lost in 1841, by fire — a memo- 
rable disaster in which 250 persons perished. 
His conduct during the late gale has been 
every way commendable. 

We had a large temperance meeting, and 
religious services on board. I never saw bet- 
ter attention on any occasion than I enjoyed 
while preaching to the large audience in the 
cabins of the "Julia Palmer." It was a 
deeply impressive scene. We had all just 
escaped from the dangers of a severe gale — 
we met together from different parts of the 
wor ld — W e were about to disperse through 
various sections of the country — probably 
never all to meet again until we were sum- 
moned together at the dread tribunal of Jeho- 
vah. The young and the old — the rich and 
the poor — the learned and illiterate — were 
before me, fellow-travellers to eternity. Such 
thoughts were of themselves a sermon. I 
(elt solemn as the judgment ; and if I ever 
prayed fervently that I might preach Christ 
faithfully, I think I did then. God grant that 
the seed thus sown in His blessed name may 
produce a glorious harvest ! 

I went on board the " Buffalo" at Ashta- 
bula, which made but a short stay at this 
place. But I perceive, after an absence of 
ten years, a great outward improvement. — 
The sailors here have a faithful preacher in 
Rev. Mr. Taylor, and a convenient chapel. 

DETROIT, Oct. 1. 
Seldom have I enjoyed natural scenery 
more than that which greeted me on ap- 
proaching the Peninsula City. It is truly 
splendidly located. There is an appearance 
of ripeness in Detroit, arising from the coun- 



glittenng spires, and crowded masts, to have 
placed in your hands two daily papers with 
news from all parts of the world, and to be 
greeted with the whistling, puffing sound of 
the rail road car! Truly, " Westward, the 
star of empire takes its way." 

I leave here to-morrow morning for Mil- 
wauke, in Wisconsan, which is near the ter- 
mination of my journey. At that place — 
some fifteen hundred miles distant — the 
readers of the Sheet Anchor shall hear from 
their humble servant again. c . w . D . 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Mr. Editor, 

To a person placed in the responsible and 
laborious situation you occupy, in conducting 
a paper devoted to the benevolent and praise- 
worthy object of advancing the interests and 
promoting the moral welfare of the sons of 
the ocean, a few words of congratulation and 
encouragement from a friend who has thus 
far admired the course you have pursued in 
the management of the " Sheet Anchor," 
and the high moral and religious tone of its 
articles, will, I trust, not be unacceptable. 

Of all persons filling public stations, who 
need friendly sympathy and encouragement, 
the minister and the editor are the most 
needy and the most deserving. And why T 
Simply because they are engaged in minis- 
tering to the public mind, and are in one 
sense the leaders of the people they may 
reach, by their words or their pen. 

I know something, Mr. Editor, of your 
early struggles in establishing the "Sheet 
Anchor ;" at times almost alone and single- 
handed, you attempted to raise it up, and 
cast it into the firm, hard, solid, holdirig 
ground of public support and favor. You 
have at last succeeded — thanks to your per- 
severance and industry ; thanks to the assist- 
ance of kind friends; but above all thanks, 
aye, glory to that good Providence from whom 
cometh every blessing, both temporal and 
spiritual, whose hand was plainly seen in the 
undertaking — " Except the Lord build the 
house, the workmen labor in vain." 

Your paper has exerted, and is destined 
to exert a powerful influence on seamen ; its 
articles are written in a plain, impressive 
style, which must take hold upon the sailor's 
heart, though it be buried up in sin, and 



SHEET ANCHOR 



159 



crusted over with crime ; for beneath all this 
rubbish of sin, there beats a heart that once 
throbbed sinlessly upon its mother's bosom, 
and which even now can be awakened to a 
recollection of those days, when life was all 
sunshine, and its path strewed with the flow- 
ers of joy and love, when the balmy air to 
him was vocal with sweet music, and redo- 
lent with perfume ; when the heart was like 
a gushing fountain of sweet water, and he 
danced along heedlessly by the home of sor- 
row and mourning, and over the graves of 
the dead. 

O ! the sailor has a soul. There are some 
green and sunny spots left yet amid the arid 
waste, which need but pruning and cultivat- 
ing, and by the blessing of God, " the desert 
shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose." — 
There is yet a spark of feeling and affection 
left in that almost frozen heart, which needs 
but fanning to produce a flame, which shall 
rekindle the feeling of former years. There 
are yet streakings of morning light in that 
dark soul ; but dissipate the clouds, gloomy 
and black, which hang around, and this faint 
glimmer shall become the brightness of the 
noon day sun, which, with beaming light and 
warming rays, shall reanimate the whole 
moral being with high hopes of future bliss. 
To such a work you have devoted the Sheet 
Anchor. 

Be it an admonition to the sailor to secure 
for himself the Sheet Anchor of the gospel, 
" that hope which is an anchor to the soul, 
both sure and steadfast ;" that when the 
storms of life shall assail him in all their 
fury, upon its dreary ocean, and death itself 
appears, he may safely outride the storm, and 
heaving in his cable link by link, may at last 
moor himself fast by the throne of God. 

Go on brother Denison, in thy work of 
faith, and labor of love ; still preach to dying 
men the tidings of the cross, trusting in God 
for strength and success. God's people are 
with thee to sustain and cheer ; their tears, 
their prayers, are thine ; God himself is 
in thy cause ; his promise is thine. " He 
that goeth forth weeping, bearing precious 
seed, shall come again rejoicing, bringing 
his sheaves with him." Toil on till death re- 
lease thee from thy labors, then 

" Take thy seat above, 
Be thy pure spirit present with the Lord, 
Where thou for faith and hope hast perfect love, 
And open vision for the written word." 



THI LOGKIR. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany . 

NAVAL. 

U. S. frigate Boston was at Montevideo on the 
4th of August — officers and crew all well. 

U. S. frigate Constitution, Capt. Pcrcival, was 
at Rio Janeiro, August 28, to sail in seven days 
fur the East Indies. 



U. S. steamer General Taylor, Lieut. Com- 
mander Farrand, arrived at Mobile, 28th ult., from 
the Navy Yard at Pensacola, bringing over the 
officers comprising the Court of Inquiry, lately 
in session at that place, for the investigation of 
certain charges preferred against Commodore 
Lavalette, commanding the Navy Yard. Capt. 
Farrand reports that the bark Phinney, from Bos- 
ton caught fire, and was burned to the water's 
edge, with most of her cargo, rigging, &c. 

U. S. 6tore ship Lexington sailed from Gibral- 
tar, August 29, for New York. 

A large steam ship, supposed to be the Union, 
from Pensacola for Vera Cruz, via Galveston, was 
off the Balize, 24th u!t. 

U. S. frigate Columbia, Capt. Breese, from Gib- 
raltar and Cadiz, was at Lisbon, 1st ult. 

Report of the United States Marine Hospital, Chelsea. 

For the quarter ending Sept. 30, 1844. 
Sick or disabled seamen in Hospital, July 1, . 39 

Received during the quarter, 222 

261 

Discharged, cured or relieved 185 

Died 5 

Remaining, Sept. SOth, 71 

261 

Names of Deceased. 

John Smith, aged 29, born in Philadelphia, Pa. 
Martin Baker, " 23, " in JNcwuurg, N. J. 

William Clifford, " 46, " in Westpnrt, Mass. 

Daniel Sullivan, " 22, " in Cork, Ireland. 

Edwin Manchester, " 27, " in " " 

J. BACON, Steward, 
Chelsea, Sept. 30, 1841. 

Launch. — A splendid bark of about 400 tons 
called the Lycurgus, was launched by Messrs. 
Bourne & Kingsbury, Kennebunkport, 30th ult. 
She is owned in New York and Boston, and is in- 
tended for the New York and Mediterranean 
trade, under command of Capt. James Adams. 

It is proposed in Portland to extend a rail road 
from that place to Canada. 

Fondness of the Chinese for Sage Tea. — The 
Salem Observer mentions it as a fact, that the 
Chinese are as fond of sage, as -a. beverage, as 
we are of their best teas, and would readily ex- 
change two chests for one. 

05*° The President of the United has recog- 
nized Albert Schumaker, of Baltimore, as Con- 
sul of Hamburg for the United States. 

05 s " The Naval Commission, consisting of 
Capt. Rosseau, Commander Adams, and Lieut. 
Johnson, have just secured the titles for the site 
of the Navy Yard at Memphis, and the titles 
have been forwarded for the approval of the gov- 
ernment. The whole cost of the site was twen- 
ty thousand dollars, the city of Memphis liberal- 
ly contributing its interest in the commons in 
front of the city. The Commissioners have de- 
vised a plan for the works, and should the whole 
be completed, according to the plan, the effect 
from the river will be very fine. — Louisville Jour. 

05 s " Not long since, two sailors passing along 
by a tailor's shop, observing the tailor at work 
with his coat off, and having the back of his waist- 
coat patched with different colors of cloth, induc- 
ed the sons of Neptune to crack a joke upon the 



poor fellow; when one of the tars observed to 
the other, " look ye Jack, did you ever see so 
many sorts of cabbages grow on one stump 
before ?" 

Central America. — Captain Roberts, who 
arrived at New York lately, reports that the port 
of San Juan de Nicaragua was still blockaded 
on the 5th of August by the British schooner 
Petril. The inhabitants were making every ef- 
fort to raise money to pay the debt due to their 
British creditors, and the blockade would be rais- 
ed as soon as the money arrived on board her 
Britannic majesty's ship of war. 

05 s " Five English ships have, within the two 
last years, been captured and destroyed by sava- 
ges of the South Sea Islands, and their crews 
barbarously murdered. 

Steam Vessels in the British JVnri/. — The num- 
ber of steam vessels now in commission in the 
navy of England, is eighty. The number of sail- 
ing vessels in commission, including cutters and 
other small vessels, is one hundred and thirty- 
three. This shows a ratio of three steam ves- 
sels to every five war vessels of all other de - 
scriptions, and the proportion of war steamers is 
constantly increasing. 

A Vessel run down by a Steamer. — The Dublin 
mail steamship, Iron Duke, 600 tons burthen, 
came into collision with the brig Parana, of 200 
tons, from Liverpool to Montreal, about three 
leagues to the eastward of Point Lynas Light, 
by which the latter vessel was nearly cut in two. 
So sudden was the accident, that six of her crew, 
including her commander, out of eleven on board 
in all, were thrown into the water and perished. 
The brig, it appears, had a light on her poop, and 
her mate also elevated the binnacle light in his 
hand, and shouted towards the steamer when he 
saw her coming into dangerous proximity ; but, 
as he conjectures, he was not heard, owing prob- 
ably to the noise of the engines, and the steamer, 
before the brig could effectually alter her course, 
ran into her abreast of the fore hatch. The 
night was very thick. — Liverpool paper. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 
Important to Owiurs and Commanders of Vessels. — A 
letter received at Lloyd's, from their agent at Sidney, 
Cape Breton, dated June 12, 1844, says — " I send you an 
extract from a provisional statute, whereby all ships 
wrecked on the coast, wilh passengers, are to be taken 
possession of by the Collector of the Customs, or such 
other persons as the Lieutenant Governor may appoint, 
and the proceeds made available for the maintenance 
and transport of the passengers to their original destina- 
tion. Pefhips it would be as well to let this circum- 
stance be known, that masters of ships may govern them- 
selves accordingly, and not dispose of the property with- 
out proper authority." 

Important to Vessels trading to the West Indies. — Tlia 
British brig- Cecily Large, has been lately found on the 
S. E. point of Mayguana, de-relict. The captain and 
crew, it is supposed, took to their boat. It is not known 
to mariners that within a year or two several settlements 
have been made at the S. W. point of Mayguana, where 
shipwrecked persons may get relief by running down in 
their small boats, and both lives and property would in 
consequence be saved. 

The Tuckernuck Light Boat did not resume her station 
aa reported. She attempted to get to her moorings 2Sth, 
but was obliged to put back on account of head winds. 



-) 



160 



SHEET ANCHOR, 




KfOSS-HOLM.— On one of the Shetland Islands, called the Noss of Brassa, is a ragged rock, supposed to rise 1800 leet above the level of the sea ; upon which a 
great many fowls have their nests, whose e"gs are taken in the summer, as also some of the fowls, by letting a man down from the top of the rock by a rope tied about hie 
middle. This rock is serviceable to mariners in directing their course while sailing to the West. — Pinkerttm. 




The Knot which G-od has joined together : let not man 
pat it asunder. 



Iii Pawtuckei, Capt. Alexander R. Barker, of N. 
Bedford, to Miss Licinda M. Almt, of P. 

In Portland, Me., Rev. Jas. S. Buss, of Fort Wayne, 
lnd., to Miss Ei.iv;a, daughter of Capt. Wm. Merrill. 

In New York, Capt. Charles B. Pendleton to Miss 
Mary H. Bf.lden. 

In Philadelphia, Jltli ult., Capt. C. John Valley, of 
(ietly, Sweden, to Miss Margaret Ann Matthews. 




THE LAST VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaitelh thee, 
When God'* last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 



In Charlestown, .Mass., Mrs. Sarah H., wife of Capt. 
Thomas W. Wy.ihn, V. S.N. 

In Philadelphia. Rev. U. W. Swan, U. S. N. 

On board brig New Castle, of New York, on the pas- 
sage from Nickerie, Mr. Robert J. Vernon, 1st offi- 
cer, aged 24 years. 

Lust overboard from bri°- St. Marks, on tho passage 
from New York to Porto Rico, August 3, Mr. John N. 
Pepper, of Portland, Me., 1st officer. 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rev. SILAS BULKY, of Dorchester. 
GEORGE L. COBURN, New Haven, Conn. ' 



Committee 

For Gratuitous Distribution among Seamen. 

Ret. CHARLES W. DEN1SON, Sheet Anchor Office. 
Rev. E. T. TAYLOR. North Square Bethel. 
Rev. D. M. LORD, Purchase Street Bethel. 
MOSES GRANT, Esq.. Cambridge Street. 
Rev. SETH BLISS, Tract Depository, Cornhill. 

" W. B. TAPPA.N, American S. S. Union Deposi- 

* tory, Cornhill. 

Dea. T. THW1NG, City Missionary. 96 Washington St. 
BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS, Esq., Atkins' Wharf. 
Rkv. WILLIAM HOWE, chapel, corner of Kricnd and 

Deacon Streets. 
Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 
of Hanover and Prince Streets, Boston. 

Capt. T. V. SULLIVAN, 

General Agent for collecting funds for this 
object. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street, Rev. Henry Chase, 18G Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of, Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. K. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River. Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Rev. G. W. Bourne, Exchange Hall. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M ■ 
Lord ; Bethel Church, North Square, Rev. E. T. Taylor. 
"Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Commercial Slreet. corner of Lewis. Elder J. \V. 
Holm in, over Qtiincy Mark*!. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. M. Howe. 

/. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 



Providence, 11 
Main Street. 

Newark, N. J. 

Philadelphia. 
0. Douglass. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point. Philpot St., Rev. H. Best. 

Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev 
W. B. Yates. 



Rev. Frederick Pilch. 
Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 



Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Oswego. Rev. F. Pierce. 

Rocketts, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 

Savannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White. 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-HOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead, 226 Ann Street. J. Savace, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, ZG$ Ann St. 
John Brown, corner nf Meet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Qfin, Jr., No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. Salisbury, No. 90 Commercial Street. 
David Chaffin, 77^ Commercial Street. 
Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Hosmer, No. 
51 North Market Street. 

Mrs. Street, 209 Ann Street. 
A. Clark, \ North Square. 

J. R. Taylor, 40 Southac St., for colored seamen. 
Salem. F.benezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mrs. 
Grcenleaf, Becket Street, near Dei by Street. 

Portland, Me. — Seamen'* Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Hath, Me, Joshua K. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 
New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 
Capt. Roland Gelston, No. 320, Pearl Street. 
Other Boarding-Houses in New York City. John 
McLeHan,154 Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, til Cherry Street. 

Providence, K. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. Cant. Hamilton. °.3 Queen Street. 
Portsmouth, N. H. Charles K. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket anil How Streets. Snrinp Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home, (F.astburn House.) No. 
10, Lombard y Street, near Front Street. Sam'l Room, 
under the eare of the Female Seamen's Friend Societv. 
Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sta., by Wm. Hammond, under thecare of tho Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

ISuffalo, N. V. Sailor's Home, No. 17, .Main Street. 
Capt. Malcolm. 

New Haven. William J.Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street, Fell's Point. 

Alexandria, V. C. Sailor's Home, by John Robinson. 



IP 

( CUu4/li 



/)ls0Y7»(s(l 




"Which hope we have 



mil 



lyli 



a 



w 



as an anchor of the soul." 




, JONATHAN; HOWE, PUBLISHER. 



REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1844. 



No. 21. 



SHSBT ABGjKflrft; 

[OFFIOE, 39 MERCHANTS EOW.] 
Not tectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANCE- — 

to HUMANITY to 1 NTELLIGENCE. 

Fobllshed the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Anr person who will obtainfive subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
sime proportion for larger numbers. 

AGENTS. 



SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: 
KEEPERS OF SAILORS' HOMES. 



SEE LAST PAGE. 



55- See list of names on last page. 



" Wonders in the deep." 

A Man Overboard. 

The following incident was related to the writer by a 
veteran East India Captain : 

One day, towards evening, as the vessel 
was running about five, knots an hour, the 
appalling cry was suddenly heard — "A man 
overboard !" Instantly every effort was made 
to lay the ship to — a boat was lowered, and 
several stoiit hands and bold hearts were em- 
barked in her, and pulling astern with all 
their might, in quest of their lost shipmate. 
The general concern and anxiety for his re- 
covery was greatly increased when it was 
found to be Venis, (a soubriquet for Sylva- 
nus) an excellent sailor, and a general favor- 
ite with the ship's company. The chances 
were, however, but slender. The ship had 
made a very considerable headway before the 
boat could be got in readiness — the sea was 
rough, and the shades of night were already 
o-athering over the deep. A man was, how- 
ever, sent aloft with a glass, the moment the 
accident happened, and the captain took his 
place at the stern, trumpet in hand, to direct 
the motions of the boat. For a while, the 
man in the top saw the poor fellow struggling 
in the waves, but by and by lost sight of him, 
and the boat itself was fast dwindling to a 
speck. He then called to the captain, "They 



havn't found him, sir; but I'm afraid it's no 
use to try any longer. I've lost sight of him 
for some time. They're far astern, and it's 
growing dark." The captain at last slowly 
and reluctantly gave the signal to return. A 
general sorrow filled the ship. But as the 
boat came alongside, what was their surprise 
and joy to behold poor Venis, drenched and 
exhausted, but alive and safe, in the bottom. 
Just as the boat was turning, in obedience to 
the captain's orders, the sudden drop of a 
wave had discovered hiiii- to them, and he 
was thus, at the last moment, and beyond all 
hope, rescued from a watery grave. 

Reader ! do you knoyany poor soul who 
has fallen overboard, and is struggling in the 
waves of temptation and sin ? Hasten to 
their rescue.* God has given you the means 
of saving them. No bark in quest of a 
drowning man was ever so swift, so sure, as 
the life-boat of gospel mercy. Hasten in 
that to the rescue of drowning, perishing 
souls. Alas ! there is not one only, but many 
in this wide sea of the world sinking around 
you every moment into endless perdition. — 
O, let love nerve your arm to unceasing ef- 
forts to draw them up out of the deep. Give 
not up the pursuit while a spark of hope re- 
mains — for at the very last moment it may be 
that you will find and save them. You may 
be happily successful in bringing many of 
them, and depositing them in the ark of safe- 
ty — and then how glorious your reward, when 
" they that turn many to righteousness shall 
shine like the stars forever and ever." 

Reader ! are you yourself, still floating on 
the waves of sin and misery, tossed by the 
billows of temptation, and ready to sink in' 
the floods of perdition ? Let your eye be to- 
wards the bark which glides past you on the 
waves, ready to pick you up and convey you 
to the Ark of Safety. Every sanctuary, 
every preacher of the gospel, every means 
and ordinance of grace is such a bark. A 
fleet of them are abroad, in quest of sinking, 
drowning souls. Nay, the glorious Ark it- 
self floats in your sight, on this ocean of sin 
and wo, and the Lord Jesus Christ, the 
Almighty Captain of Salvation, is looking 



abroad for those who are willing to be rescu- 
ed from the deep. O, let your hand and 
heart and voice be lifted up to Him for helpl 
Cry to Him from the deep, " Jesus, Mas- 
ter, have mercy on me ! Lord, save me ! I 
perish ! O, take me, draw me, weak, faint- 
ing as I am, out of these floods of guilt and 
temptation— place me in safety by thy side ! 
Let me make with thee the voyage of life, 
and enter with thee the port of eternal rest, 
and spend eternity with thee, on the blissful 
shores of the heavenly Canaan 1" 

The Broken Leg. 

As.. 1 ' ' ■ ' en hL< h z- '"" a ^~ 

vised to communicate his case to the Royal 
Society. The account he gave was, that 
having fallen from the top of the mast and 
fractured his leg, he had dressed it with noth- 
ing but tar and oakum, and yet in three days 
was able to walk as well as before the acci- 
dent. 

The story at first appeared incredible, as 
no such efficacious qualities were known in 
tar, and still less in oakum ; nor was the poor 
sailor to be credited on his own bare asser- 
tion of so wonderful a cure. The Society 
very reasonably demanded a fuller relation, 
and we suppose, a corroboration of evidence. 
Many doubted whether the leg had been 
really broken. That part of the story was 
amply verified. Still it was difficult to be- 
lieve the story ; and some half dozen letters 
passed between the Society and the patient, 
who persevered in the most solemn assevera- 
tions that he had used no other remedies. — 
The wonder had increased to an amazing 
pitch, when in the sailor's last letter, he said, 
" I forgot to tell your honors that the leg teas 
a weoden one !" 

An Old Sailor's Advice. — "Charley, 
don't you ever forget your home ; don't you 
go inside such dens as I did ; don't you touch 
rum ; don't you trust the landlords that offer 
it to you ; don't you have any thing to do 
with lawyers. Rum, bad women, landlords 
and lawyers, have been the ruin of me." 






162 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



Effects of the Temperance Cause on a Cargo. 

The Halifax, N. S. Herald, says: The 
Spanish brig Beatriz arrived at this port late- 
ly, from Porto Rico, with a cargo consisting 
of 124 hogsheads molasses, 125 barrels su- 
gar, and six pipes old rum. The sugar and 
molasses sold, and sold well ; the rum, how- 
ever, could not command a price. It was at 
length offered at one shilling per gallon, in 
bond, which it could not obtain. An offer 
of it was made for the payment of the duty 
on it, at which it was refused in the Halifax 
market, and the Beatriz sailed from this port ; 
taking back to the West Indies the six pipes 
of rum which she had brought into this tem- 
perance place. 

Sabbath Movement. 

The more we contemplate it, the more do 
we hail the Sabbath movement as doing great 
things for temperance. The vast travel on 
the Iine'of railroads and the business on the 
canals and at public depots, offered great 
temptations to the rum seller. His business 
on that day seemed most important of any 
in the week ; for, as idle lotingers had more 
leisure to drink and less need of clear heads 
and firm limbs, they gave themselves up to 
degrees of inebriety which were often ex- 
ceedingly shameful. In the cities, too, Sab- 
bath rum-selling was a great nuisance. The 
trade acknowledged that one-fifih of their 
profits for the week was gathered in on that 
day. But the tide is turning. Railroad 
speed is rendering Sabbath travelling need- 
less and unprofitable. More than seven hun- 
dred miles of railroad in the U. States now 
rest on the Sabbath ; and as soon as the Post 
Office Department, now suffering a blight 
from the Almighty, shall learn righteousness 
and yield up the practice of sending the 
mail on the Sabbath, scarce an engine will 
be fired up on that day, appointed fur uni- 
versal rest. 

In New York State, more than 1200 cap- 
tains of canal boats have signed petitions that 
the locks may not be opened on the Sabbath. 
More than eighteen out of twenty of the 
boatmen who have seen the petitions have 
signed the same, and all the forwarders from 
New York to Buffalo. 

In Pennsylvania, a large number of boats 
have long ceased running, and in New York, 
Boston, and other cities, our municipal au- 
thorities are coming promptly up to the exe- 
cution of the laws against promiscuous sale, 
on this day, of intoxicating drinks. Surely 
when all things are thus conspiring to aid the 
temperance reformation, its friends should 



take courage and renew their strength, and 
press forward in the conflict to their sure and 
glorious victory. — Temp. Union. 

From Ihe N. Y. Sailor's Magazine. 

To the Inconsiderate Sailor. 

Will you never think before you ask ? 

Often have we proposed to your friends to 
furnish the means for social and moral im- 
provement, and they have often responded to 
our call. Now, sailor, we have a word for 
you. Scores of your shipmates have knock- 
ed off their grog, and their sins. They have 
ceased to do evil and have learned to do well. 
So that these friends have abundant reason to 
thank God and take courage. Yet such ca- 
ses as your own- sometimes make us sad ; 
and some who have not quite so much pa- 
tience are thereby thrown aback. We hear 
murh of a sailor's promise ; but where is 
yours? Did you not promise your captain 
before coming into port, that you would give 
the land shark a wide berth? But instead of 
this you allowed one to come along side, and 
within an hour you were a helpless victim. 
Did you not promise to knock off that abom- 
inable grog forever ? But instead of this you 
were persuaded to take a single glass, and 
then another, and shortly not a spar of what 
was once a noble ship, was left standing. 

Did you not promise to pocket an insult as 
the better part of wisdom, rather than resent 
it? But instead of this, when that abusive 
fellow, employed by a certain pettifogger who 
wanted some professional business, put his 
fist in your face and dared your courage, you 
knocked him into the middle of the street. 
You remember the hard floor of the cell, and 
the hard dollars you had to count out for 
that job. 

Now will you never think before you at i ! 
O, when shall we see you standing erect like 
a man ! We read of One — " Then did they 
spit in his face, and buffeted him, and others 
smote him with the palms of their hands." 
But he manifested no resentment. He did 
not return the blow. When they lied about 
him, and mocked him, and were murdering 
him, instead of pouring on them storms of 
vengeance, he prayed, Father, forgive them ! 
Oh, when will you be in this respect like 
Jesus? A sober thought might have saved 
that blow. Why didn't you know that he 
who is so mean as to insult a sailor is not 
worth striking? And do you not remember 
the words of Solomon, " He that is slow to 
anger is better than the mighty ; and he that 
rulcth his spirit than he that taketh a city." 
Had you kept your temper, you might have 
been " better than the mighty ;" better than 
" he that taketh a city." And with it, you 
would have kept your character, your liberty, 
your comfort, and your cash. Had you kept 
your promises, the land sharks and the grog, 
would not have made you such a wreck. 



But, my dear fellow, I did not come to 
prey on your wreck ; but to help you off a 
lee-shore, get you into a dry dock, and have 
you thoroughly repaired, and put to sea again 
to mark the best voyage of your life. I come 
to persuade you. 1. That you can be a man. 
Can he? How can the sailor be otherwise 
than a man ! 2. That you can be in the 
highest sense a good man. A good man? 
Yes, a Christian man, a child of God, and an 
heir of glory. Have you been wicked? So 
was Peter ; " and when he thought thereon 
he wept." Have you wandered from God ? 
So did David ; but he said, " I thought on 
my ways, and turned my feet unto thy testi- 
monies." Now, like Peter and David, think 
and weep, and turn. Think, not only of 
what you have done, but think before you act. 
It may save many a shipmate from a broken 
head, a ruined character, a lost soul. 

O, sailor, think, think, on your ways, 

Ami turn your heart to God ; 
Think, till your tongue is turn'd to praise, 

And yours the path which Jesus trod. 

s. 



m ho mi, 

A safe ani pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 
Prom the Barnstable Patriot. 

Home. 

There is something in the word home, 
that wakens kindliest feelings of the heart. 
It is not merely friends and.kindred that ren- 
der that place so dear, but the very hills and 
rocks and rivulets throw a charm around the 
place of our nativity. It is no wonder that 
the loftiest harps have been tuned to sing of 
home, "sweet home." The rose that bloom- 
ed in the garden where one has wandered in 
earlier years, a thoughtless child, careless in 
innocence, is lovely in its bloom, and lovlier 
in its decay. No songs are sweet like those 
we heard among the boughs that shade a pa- 
rent's dwelling, when the morning # or evening 
hour found us gay as the birds that warble 
over us. No waters are bright like the 
clear silver streams that wind among the 
flower-decked knolls where in childhood we 
have often strayed to pluck the violet or lily, 
or to twine a garland for some loved school- 
mate. We may wander away, and mingle in 
the world's fierce strife, and form new asso- 
ciations and friendships, and fancy we have 
almost forgotten the land of our birth ; but 
at some evening hour, as we listen perchance 
to the autumn winds, the remembrance of 
other days comes over the soul, and fancy 
bears us back to childhood's scenes, and we 
roam again the old familiar haunts, and press 
the hands of companions long since cold in 
the grave — and listen to voices we shall hear 
on earth no more. It is then a feeling of 
melancholy steals over us, which, like Os- 
sian's music, is pleasant, though mournful to 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



163 



the soul. The Swiss general, who leads his 
army into a foreign land, must not suffer the 
sweet airs of Switzerland to be sung in the 
hearing of his soldiers; for at the thrilling 
Bound they would leave the camp, and fly 
away to their own green hills. The African, 
torn from his willow braided hut, and borne 
away to the land of charters and of chains, 
weeps as he thinks of home, and sighs and 
pines for the cocoa land beyond the waters of 
the sea. Years may have passed over him, 
and stripes and toil may have crushed his 
spirits — all his kindred may have found graves 
upon the corals of the oceans ; yet were he 
free, how soon would he seek the shores and 
skies of his boyhood's dreams ! 

The New England mariner, amid the ice 
bergs of the Northern seas, or breathing the 
spicy gales of the ever-green Isles, or coast- 
ing along the shore of the Pacific, though 
the hand of lime may have blanched his ra- 
ven locks, and care have plowed deep fur- 
rows on his brow, and his heart have been 
chilled by the storms of the ocean, till the 
fountains of his love had almost ceased to 
gush with the heavenly current — yet, upon 
some summer's evening, as he looks out upon 
the sun sinking behind the western wave, he 
will think of home, and his heart will yearn 
for the loved of other days, and his tears flow 
like the summer rain. How does the heart 
of the wanderer, after long years of absence, 
beat, and his eyes fill as he catches a glimpse 
of the hills of his nativity ; and when he has 
pressed the lip of a mother, or a sister, how 
goon does he hasten to see if the garden 
and the orchard, and the stream, look as in 
days gone by ! We may .find climes as 
beautiful, and skies as bright, and friends 
as devoted ; but these will not usurp the 
place of Home. 

New York Bethel Missionary. 

Sept. 21st. On board a ship nearly ready 
to start. I supplied the passengers, after sup- 
plying the crew, with tracts and papers ; they 
appeared to be very glad to get them. Con- 
versed with the mate of a bark, who said he 
once drank a great deal, but his wife per- 
suaded him to sign the pledge — " and now," 
said he, "I enjoy myself very well in my 
family, and am resolved never to taste ardent 
spirits again." He remarked also, that his 
wife was a Christian, and belonged to the 
church. Here, thought I, is one of the many 
instances of the glorious effects of tempe- 
rance — a man raised from the lowest state of 
degradation, and made happy in the enjoy- 
ment of his family, and the family made no 
less so by the restoration of a father and a 
husband. 

23d. While conversing with the steward 
of a ship, he remarked that he was a profes- 
sor, and knew by happy experience what it 



was to serve God. The steward of a brig 
said he had seen much hard service, having 
run away from home, and embarked on a 
whaling voyage. Since then he has seen 
harder times, having been engaged in the 
Florida war, in which his horse was shot un- 
der him, and fell on him, breaking his shoul- 
der, which now troubled him very much. — 
He remarked that he had been cured of his 
propensity for wandering, and had recently 
made a visit to his friends. Another steward 
of a vessel wanted some tracts and papers to 
distribute in the port where he was bound, 
and 1 was happy to supply him. 

24th. On board a ship bound to New 
Orleans, found a passenger who was interest- 
ed in giving me some account of his labors. 
He said he was a Methodist minister, and had 
resided in N. Orleans for a number of years, 
and had met with much discouragement and 
persecution on account of the iniquity that 
abounds there — but he had oftentimes been 
enabled to rejoice in the midst of trials, and 
to trust confidently in Him who has said, 
" Call upon me in the day of trouble, and I 
will deliver thee." He very gratefully re- 
ceived the tracts and papers which I gave 
him, and said he would distribute them 
among the crew, and also at New Orleans 
when he arrived. 

25th. Talked with a mate to-day, who 
said that sailors were growing worse and 
worse every day, and had been for a long 
time. He had been to sea a number of years, 
had seen a great many sailors, and had heard 
people say a great deal about temperance 
sailors, but he never saw one, and never saw 
but one who was a Christian. In his esti- 
mation, the condition of sailors could not be 
elevated, for they would not be any better, 
nor take a step higher in the scale of being, 
if they could. Finally, sailors' homes were 
the worst places that could be found, and the 
trreatest scoundrels went there. I attempted 
to reason the matter, but found it of little 
use. We have reason to rejoice that there 
are those who have not been been to sea 
many years, yet have seen more than one 
temperance sailor, and more than one hum- 
ble follower of Jesus Christ among them. 

28th. Visited a sailor who had recently 
been put in the tombs_ for intemperance. He 
landed only a day or two before, went to one 
of the low sailor boarding houses, where he 
was induced to drink, and lost all his money, 
amounting to one hundred and eighty dol- 
lars. Now was justice rendered here? Who 
most deserved the prison — the sailor, or those 
who gave him rum, and then robbed him of 
his money ? 

During the past fortnight, have distributed 
535 papers, and 1942 pages of tracts, on 
board 21 ships, 3 barks, 7 brigs, 11 schoon- 
ers, and 12 sloops. 



"A Map of bo«7 l.fc." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

I go to Sea ? 

In our last we discussed the quession — 
" Shall my sou go to sea \" We now address 
ourselves to the youth of our land, and pro- 
pose to discuss briefly the question above. 

This question is agitating the minds of 
many of the youth, especially in the country ; 
and a wise decision to such, is a matter of no 
small importance. To the question. 

Our first remark is — go to sea by all means, 
if you have a strong desire to do so ; but be 
sure on this point, for it is right here, that a 
correct judgment is to be formed of what is 
best, and here alone. Study and know your- 
self; this you must do in order to know the 
strength of your desire for a sea life. Many 
a youth, for want of knowing himself, has 
gone to sea, made shipwreck of character, 
and blasted all his prospects in life, long be- 
fore reaching manhood. 

And here we would remind you, that there 
is a wide difference between an idle and vain 
curiosity — a mere desire " to sec the world," 
which prompts many a youth to run away 
from home ; and that strong desire of which 
we speak. This last is a noble and generous 
spirit of adventure, which, while it is strong 
enough to carry a youth to sea, will not pre- 
vent his experiencing the deepest heart- 
searching sorrow, when at length he launches 
forth from the home that has sheltered, the 
mother that has borne, and cherished, and 
loved him; and' that will continue to love 
him, to the end. 

Before, then, you venture to cut adrift from 
that safe harbor of the affections — your cher- 
ished home — from that magic, circle of bless- 
ed influence of which your mother is the cen- 
tre and soul : pause and weigh well ycur mo- 
tives, and learn the strength of " the ruling 
passion." We say to you, as deeply expe- 
rienced in this matter, " there is no place 
like home," and that home, is home, be it 
ever so homely. You will therefore do well 
to study and krlow yourself, and be satisfied 
you are right, before undertaking to decide 
this — to you— important question. 

Of one thing be assured — that the youth 
who betrays the confidence reposed in him 
by his parents, especially his mother, and 
dares to' go to sea without their consent, in 
so doing, tramples on the parental heart, and 
makes an enemy of God, who has said — 
" Honor thy father and thy mother." Such 
an one may expect disappointment and sor- 
row, and defeat throughout the voyage of 
life ; they will come upon him as the neces- 
sary consequence of transgression. Such 
an one, too, may rest satisfied he has not the 



164 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



true spirit of adventure which makes good 
sailors and good officers. No ; not a parti- 
cle of it. His, is the idle and selfish desire 
to see the world, which is sure to defeat it- 
self — " for the eye is never satisfied with see- 
ing;" and he may thank himself for abuse and 
ill-treatment, should he meet them on board 
of every vessel in which he sails. 

The characters of men — come out — at sea, 
said they are valued at what they are really 
worth ; and the selfish, runaway from home, 
is regarded by every true hearted sailor, when 
he is found out, with the contempt he so 
richly merits. Sailors, more than other men, 
love and venerate their mothers, and if you 
hope to gain their confidence in coming 
among them, you will not run away from home. 

Are you hoping to rise in your profession, 
and ere long become an officer — a com- 
mander ? Then you must have self-confi- 
dence, and self-respect; without which, all 
your efforts will be in vain. But this is a 
thing impossible, if you dishonor yourself at 
the commencement of your career. 

In our next on this subject, we propose 
furnishing you with some facts by way of il- 
lustration. We close the present article by 
referring to a fact of importance to your- 
selves, and your parents. There is a crimp- 
ing system at work in our country different 
from that practised upon in London, about 
which we read in the last Sheet Anchor. 

Individuals, having the appearance of real 
Bailors, but who are as hollow hearted as a 
pumpkin, come among you in the country, 
and beat up recruits for the whaling service. 
They appear to be flush of money, which 
they spend freely, are snre to haunt the tav- 
erns, where they get a crowd of youth around 
them ; and being highly gifted with the gab, 
they spin long yarns, about the sea — what 
fine employment it is, how fast money is 
made, &c. &,c. Their object is to deceive 
and lead you astray by false statements; they 
have come from the sea-board for that pur- 
pose. We warn you against them ; we know 
of more than one noble youth who has in 
this way been decoyed away from home. — 
We know of more than one mother who has 
been made wretched by these unprincipled 
crimps. If you really desire to go to sea, 
and choose the whale fishery — which is a no- 
ble and adventurous employment — have noth- 
ing to do with the crimping or land-shark 
systems, for they are one and the same. But 
when you come to the sea-board, go direct 
to the ship-owner himself, and make your 
own conditions for the voyage. This is our 



advice. 



Fore and Aft. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 



The Beauties of the Bible. 

What topic can suggest more interesting 
thoughts to the Christian sailor than the sub- 



ject of the Bible ; the Bible he has loved 
from the time of his escape from the bond- 
age of sin. We may well love this sacred 
treasure, for we are told to search the Scrip- 
tures, for in them we know that we have 
eternal life. The sailor's Bible, with its well 
worn pages, preaches in gentle accents as it 
tells us of the joys and comforts it has sent 
into the bosom of its faithful owner and fol- 
lower of Christ. The Christian sailor knows 
that the precious book of life is to him a bea- 
con-light, situated at the entrance of a heav- 
enly harbor to which he may safely direct his 
course. It is a compass that points steadily 
and unerringly to the crown of hope. It is 
an anchor to which he can safely moor his 
fragile bark, when tossed upon the angry bil- 
lows of life's tempestuous ocean, amid the 
reefs and rocks of temptation and sin. 

Relying upon the blessed religion of the 
Bible, the Christian sailor starts not when 
the forked lightning shatters his home on the 
ocean. He sees in the mighty roaring of 
the waters, and the mad raging of the mid- 
night storm, the hand of the mighty Jehovah, 
in whom he has learned from his blessed Bi- 
ble to put his trust. He has learned to feel 
that the grave over him can have no victory ; 
that death for him can have no sting. — 
He has learned from his Bible not to put his 
trust in horses and chariots, but in the living 
God, the King of kings. From his Bible he 
has learned that man born of a woman is of 
few days and full of trouble ; he cometh 
forth as a flower and is cast down, he fleeth 
also as a shadow and continueth not. He 
has learned from his Bible that riches, earth- 
ly comfort, and earthly emoluments and hon- 
ors, take to themselves wings and fly away ; 
but that whosover drinketh at the fountain of 
Christ, shall never thirst. 

Sailor ! read your Bible. If you have this 
blessed chart of life, you are rich, though 
you have nothing else beside. Read your 
Bible ; ponder over its truths, and let its 
precions seed fall upon good ground, that 
your light may shine among men, that they 
may see your good works and glorify your 



Father which is in heaven. 



07- 



From the Dally Advertiser and Patriot. 

Life Boats and Preservation of Life. 

We are happy in recording another proof, 
in addition to those already published, of the 
value and efficacy of the Life Boat, and with 
it another example of brave and successful 
humanity. 

The brig Tremont, of New York, captain 
Leeds, went ashore at Point Alderton, on 
Monday morning, Oct. 7, having been driven 
in by exceedingly tempestuous weather, and 
almost dashed to pieces. She grounded on 
the bar, at low water ; and the captain and 
crew, seven in number, expected nothing less 
than immediate destruction. 



Mr. Moses B. Tower, of Hull, discover, 
ing their perilous situation, hastened to ob- 
tain assistance, and with the help of two men 
and of his own horses, succeeded in convey- 
ing the life boat from the house in which it 
is kept, to a suitable place for launching, be- 
ing at the distance of a mile and a half. On 
his way he procured five other men, who, to- 
gether with Mr. Tower, and the first two, 
launched the boat — and, rowing to the dis- 
tance of somewhat more than a mile, they at 
length reached' the wreck. They found the 
captain and the crew clinging to the quarter 
deck, where they had been for more than 
seven hours in extreme peril, and though 
greatly exhausted, they were all brought safe- 
ly to the shore. Captain Leeds gratefully 
declares, that he owes his own life, and the 
lives of his crew, under the blessings of God, 
to the exertions made in their behalf. He 
has made a communication of the case to the 
Trustees of the Humane Society ; and we 
are confident, that it will receive the consid- 
eration, which it so obviously merits. 

This is the third instance in which this boat, 
stationed at Hull, has been the means of pre- 
serving life. The first was that of the crew 
of the Emeline, from which five men were 
saved ; the second, that of the Mohawk, when 
twelve were saved ; and, thirdly, this of the 
Tremont. Had the Legislature of Massa- 
chusetts made provision only for this single 
boat, such results would alone have sufficient- 
ly attested the wisdom and humanity of the 
appropriation. The names of the individ- 
uals, all of whom are inhabitants of Hull, 
who were thus happily instrumental in saving 
the lives of their fellow creatures, are : 

Moses B. Tower, John W. Tower, Wm, 
James, Saml. James, Albertus James, Rien- 
ier James, Winslow Laughton, F. Mitchell. 

I Strike niy Flag. 

It is the peculiarity of minds truly great, 
to enbalm, in the utterance of single senten- 
ces, great truths in the memory of all future 
generations. The characteristic of such say- 
ings, is, that the time, place, and form of 
their utterance are such as, on account of 
their felt beauty, propriety and fitness, to fix 
them indelibly upon the mind. For the same 
reason, the thought expressed assumes an in- 
terest with us never possessed before. What 
a deep and solemn interest is thrown over a 
future state by the phrase — " That undiscov- 
ered country from whose bourne no traveller 
returns." We never forget the sentence 
when we have once heard it, and the impres- 
sion made, is never erased from our minds. 
The individual who is permitted in the prov- 
idence of God, to give utterance to one such 
sentence, has not lived in vain. We have 
seldom met with a sentence of this kind, to 
our minds more impressive than the declara- 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



165 



lion recorded above, of the celebrated Com- 
modore Hull, when he found himself upon 
the bed of death, and when he saw that his 
end had come. He had met his sturdy foes 
before, but to none had his flag ever been 
struck. But now a solemn moment had come, 
in which he found himself in the presence of 
the sceptred king of the dead. O, how weak 
is man in the presence of such a power ! In 
conscious weakness, the hero of the waters 
yielded his breath, with the exclamation — 
" I strike my flag." Was ever anything 
more appropriate 1 What a solemn comment 
is that exclamation upon the pride and the 
weakness of man. What a deep solemnity 
it throws over the closing scenes of life. 

Reader ! the time is not distant, when you 
and I must also bow to that awful power. — 
Happy, thrice happy for us, if we then sur- 
render, not to a foe, but to a friend. — Ober- 
lin Evangelist. 



T HI 8ALI 



Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

The following verses were sung at the close 
of a meeting of the Young Ladies' Bethel 
Circle of Bradford, Mass., who meet semi- 
monthly, to read about the sailor, pray for 
him, and labor with their hands, to send to 
him the gospel. • 

It is commended to other societies, kin- 
dred in their objects, as peculiarly adapted 
to produce emotions, in keeping with those 
deeply interesting occasions. The writer was 
present at the meeting alluded to, and 6peaks 
from his own impressions at the time. The 
verses will be found set to music, in " The 
Odeon" collection. Nautcler. 

Are there tidings in your vessel 

Proudly bounding o'er the wave T 
Are there tidings for a mother 

Who is mourning for the brave ? 
No, no, no — she is freighted with lond tidings, 

But no tidings from the grave. 

Do not tBk me why 1 hasten 

To each vessel that appears; 
Why so anxious and so wildly, 

I wait the cherished hope of years. 
No, no, no — though my search prove unavailing, 

What have 1 to do with tears. 

Do not blame me when 1 seek him 
With these worn and weary eyes ; 

Can you tell me where he perished, 
Can you show me where he lies ? 

No, no, no — yet there surely is some record 
When a youthful Bailor dies. 

Had 1 watched him by his pillow, 

Had 1 seen him on his bier; 
Had my grief been drowned in weeping, 

But I cannot shed a tear. 
No, no, no — let me still think 1 shall see him, 

Let me still think he is near. 



The Widow. 

If there is any one person more lonely than 
another, and one who should be more enti- 
tled to our sympathies, it is she who has been 
deprived of the companion of her youth. — 
Perhaps her children have all been called 
away by the voice of death, and one by one 
she has watched over them, until they breath- 
ed their last, and deposited them in the house 
appointed for all the living. Poor woman I 
she is a widow indeed ! As she muses on the 
past, when she was contented and happy in 
the society of her husband, surrounded by a 
group of smiling children, an involuntary 
sigh escapes her, and a tear is seen to trickle 
down her cheek. Now, the path of life is 
dark and dreary ; the sunshine that blessed 
her cottage and home, has departed, and 
night, dark and cheerless, broods over her 
head. Poor woman ! we repeat. There is 
nothing on earth to cheer again her spirits, 
raise her heart and thrill her bosom with joy. 
When her Father in heaven, whose kind hand 
has wonderfully sustained her, shall call her 
hence, she will depart with a willing spirit. 
She feels that earth is but a vale of tears, and 
she has looked above for consolation and 
peace. A few more suns, and she will be at 
rest, and the cold grave will receive the life- 
less, clod — and then who will remember the 
widow and childless? Who will visit her 
grave, and plant flowers beside it? None; 
for her relations and offspring are all dead. 
Poor widow ! we say again. May she find 
kind friends while she lives, that all her wants 
be supplied, and when she dies, we are con- 
fident she will rest in heaven, where the wick- 
ed cease from troubling, and the weary are 
at rest. 

THB Y@OT H. 

Dedicated to the Y/onng Friends of the Sailor. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

The Sailor's Boy, and the Sailor Boys. 

"Train up » child in the way he should go, and when 
he is old he will not depart from it." 

In this communication we propose to give 
vent to such reflections as may be suggested 
by the contemplation of the above wise say- 
ing of the wisest of men. Train up a child, 
says Solomon, in the way he should go. In 
contemplating the above text of Scripture, 
we are at once led to reflect upon the nature 
of a parent's responsibity ; and those to whom 
Providence has entrusted the training of the 
young, should see to it that they qualify 
themselves so as to faithfully discharge the 
important trust. None need expect to suc- 
ceed in training the young in the way that 
they should go, unless they have succeeded 
in training and governing themselves. Let it 
be remembered that self-government necessa- 
rily precedes the ability to govern others, and 



without governing, there can be no training 
The caption we have selected, reminds us 
to turn our thoughts to the caring for the 
children of those who leave their happy 
homes on shore, and " go down to the sea in 
ships and occupy their business in great wa- 
ters." And also to think of the welfare *>f 
those juvenile sons of the ocean, who, oftimes 
bereft of parents and guardians on shore, are 
to have their lot in life cast upon the bound- 
less sea. Ah ! who are to train up these 
children in the way they should go ? Who 
are to interest themselves in the physical and 
spiritual well-being of these buds of humani- 
ty ? Who is to instil into the youthful minds 
of this numerous and interesting class of 
young persons, the principles of religion and 
virtue, which alone can make them wise 
unto salvation, and will enable them to steer 
their frail barks safely over life's tempestu- 
ous ocean ? 

Reader ! if you would do something to 
train up the sailor boys in the way that they 
should go, do all in your power to elevate the 
character of seamen. Spread all your can- 
vass, and strain every nerve to reform and 
spiritualize every vicious sailor with whom 
you meet. Feed them with the bread of 
heaven, and give them to drink of the water 
of life. Elevate and christianize the sailor, 
and you then have the means at hand to train 
well the children of the sea.. If you would 
do something to advance the temporal and 
eternal welfare of the youth, who plough the 
ocean, strive with all your power to remove 
the temptations to sin to which too many of 
them are often now exposed. Banish the 
grog tub from on board your national ships, 
and consign it to oblivion. Abolish rum 
from every thing that floats the sea, and you 
have destroyed a prolific source of misery 
and wo. Intoxication, and its attendant vices, 
has snatched from Neptune many of her no- 
blest sons, and hurried them to graves of in- 
famy and shame. 

I well remember a fine hearted and noble 
officer, who had stood at the head of his pro- 
fession, in the navy of his country, in whose 
service he had enlisted. But alas ! he was 
an unfortunate victim of an insatiable appe- 
tite. The demon of the still had marked him 
for his prey, and had fatally fastened his fangs 
upon him. I visited this sad relic of departed 
worth, fur the purpose of attempting his re- 
formation ; and when assured that the object 
of my visit was one of a friendly nature, the 
dejected man wept like a child, and although 
greatly under the influence of intoxicating 
drink, seemed to realize his wretched and 
miserable condition. *' Oh, what would my 
poor wife say to see me in this condition," 
said he. I learned this unfortunate and err- 
ino- beino- had a wife, mother and sisters de- 
pendant upon him for support. Oh, what 



166 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



broken staff to lean upon was he ; and how 
sad must be the reflections of that mother, if 
she nursed the appetite that slew her son. — 
If she failed to inculcate into his mind the 
principles of sobriety and virtue ; if, by bad 
example, she induced the appetite for the 
poisonous draught. Train up a child in the 
way he should go, says Solomon, and there 
are none wiser than he. 

We have spoken of the good influences 
that should be brought to bear upon the 
Sailor Boys. Let us now turn our thoughts 
to the Sailor's Boy, whose lot is cast upon 
the land, while his father is far away upon 
the billows ; deprived as he is of the father's 
counsel and care, the claims of the sailor's 
boy upon those able to assist in the training 
of the rising generation, are of no slight na- 
ture. Circumstances have taken from him 
one of his natural protectors ; and although 
a mother's fostering care is constantly be- 
stowed upon the object of her deepjnaternal 
love, the sailor's child should not fail of re- 
ceiving a large share of the sympathies of 
those who would train up children in the way 
that they should go. The Sunday school 
teacher, and the day school teacher, should 
feel an especial interest in those who are par- 
tially deprived of the full benefit of parental 
instruction. 

We have spoken minutely in relation to 
the interest that should be shown in behalf 
of the sailor's child, because we feel that he 
has a right to the assurance, that those he 
leaves behind, and from whom he dreads to 
separate, shall be cared for in his absence. — 
How cheering the thought to the lonely mar- 
iner, as he paces the solitary deck at the 
dead of night, when picturing to his imag- 
ination his home on shore, to know that the 
dear objects of his affections are objects of 
attention. Think of the joy that many a 
mother is now experiencing, in consequence 
of the efforts that have been, and arc being 
made to improve the condition of seamen, 
and sea boys. Let all see to it, that we train 
up our children in the way that they should 
go, and let none forget the Sailor's Boy and 
the Sailor Boys. . rps. 

Youthful Courage. — A little boy, about 
three years old, who had been in the habit 
of straying away from home, was found one 
day sitting on the edge of a wharf, with his 
legs hanging over the water, and apparently 
absorbed in calm contemplation of the beau- 
tiful scene before him. The father thinking 
it a good opportunity of curing him of his 
erratic propensity, crept cautiously up behind 
him, and pushed him headlong into the cool- 
ing brine — immediately jumping in himself 
to the rescue. No sooner was the little fellow 
safely landed on the wharf, than shaking him- 
self with delight, he exclaimed, " Oh, do that 
again, father, do!" 




SSailiT AWOim®- 



XT The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Editorial Correspondence. 

STEAMER « ST. LOUIS," I 
Lake Michigan, Oct. 8. j 

My journey is now nearly ended. The 
noble steamer on board of which I am seat- 
ed, is off Milwaukie, Wisconsan Territory, 
where I shall land. But my stay among my 
kindred must be short, as " the King's busi- 
ness requires haste," and I shall pass on as 
soon as possible to the Seamen's Convention, 
in Baltimore. The particulars of that meet- 
ing will appear in the next Sheet Anchor. 

Several incidents have occurred to delay 
the voyage from Detroit to Milwaukie. Lake 
Huron was quite stormy. At Mackinaw we 
were detained two days. But this gave me 
an opportunity to plead the cause of the 
sailor in the mission chapel there. It was 
a peculiar occasion. The congregation was 
composed in part of the ship's company, and 
passengers, who represented different parts 
of the land. They all seemed interested in 
the subject; and many of them, it is hoped, 
will keep the facts they heard as seed sown 
in good ground. 

I wish to acknowledge the kindness of 
Captains Buundage, of the " New Orleans," 
Folger, of the " Rochester," and Floyd, 
of the " St. Louis." They have all shown a 
disposition to aid the cause of the sailor, for 
which our friends should be grateful, and re- 
member them. 

Every moment of my time is occupied in 
the great work. Next Tuesday evening, 
there will be a meeting in Milwaukie. This 
I hope to follow with another on board the 
steamer down. Sabbath next will be occu- 
pied in this Territory, and the following one 
at Cleveland, Ohio, on my way to Pittsburo- 
and Baltimore. 

Let us " work while the day lasts." 

STEAM PACKET "EMPIRE," ) 
Off Cleveland, Oct. 21. j 

That kind Providence which ever watches 
over the dwellers on the land and the sea, 
has brought me thus far in safety on my re- 



turn voyage. This large and splendid steamer 
has been well tried since we left the upper 
Lakes. Soon after sailing from Mack- 
inaw, and while crossing Saginaw Bay, we 
encountered heavy gales, accompanied by 
snow and hail. It was the heaviest blow that 
has visited the inland waters for two years. 
But the " Empire" has done herself and her 
commander and officers great credit. She 
is the largest steam packet afloat on the 
Western waters — being no less than 265 feet 
long, and 1220 tons burthen. Her cabins 
are finished and furnished in a style of the 
utmost splendor and comfort. There are 
thirteen steamers in the same line from Buf- 
falo to Chicago — all worthy the patronage of 
the travelling public. The readers of the 
Sheet Anchor may be assured that a tour 
of these Lakes, especially in summer, will 
be eminently conducive to their health and 
pleasure. 

I have spoken three times in aid of the 
sailor's cause since my last — at a meeting on 
the prairies, in Milwauke, and on board the 
Empire. The audience in the steamer was 
quite large and attentive. It was convened 
in the superb upper cabin, The exercises 
were accompanied by several appropriate 
tunes on the piano. Persons were present 
from abroad, and from different parts of cur 
own country, who, I trust, will not forget the 
claims of the noble mariner. 

In a few moments my face will be turned 
land-ward, as I commence my journey over 
the mountains of Pensylvania to the Sea- 
men's Convention in the monumental city. 
More anon. c w D 



05^ Our readers will perceive, by refer- 
ring to the " Editorial Correspondence," in 
the last two or three numbers, that the Ed- 
itor has not forgotten his beloved " Sheet 
Anchor" and " Bethel." In a private letter 
to a friend, dated Milton, Rock Co., Wis. 
Ter., October 10, he says : 

"I hare arrived at the end of my journey. It has 
been longer than I expected, but every thing will be for 
the best. I find my friends all well, and glad to see me — 
as you may well suppose, after a separation of nine years. 
We had a weeping time, for a little while, 1 assure you." 

Friends of the Bethel throughout the coun- 
try, pray for the Editor; and more especially 
those of the Bethel in this city, whom he has 
so faithfully presided over, that he may re- 
turn to them in due time, full of health and 
vigor, and be not only a blessing to them, 
but to all, who may come within the hearing 
of his voice. „ 



fly The communication to the Editor, un- 
der the Boston head, published in our last 
number, should have been over the signature 
of " C. D. L." We would express our thanks 
(for the Editor,) to our kind friend, for his 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



157 



favorable notice of the Sheet Anchor, and 
trust that lie will continue his contributions 
as opportunities may present. We are glad 
to know that our paper finds favor in the 
eyes of those interested in the cause of sea- 
men. We hope that its course will ever be 
such as to meet with continual approbation. 
Friends of sailors! while we are working 
hard to ameliorate their condition, will you 
not put your shoulders to the wheel 1 G- 

True Benevolence. 

A notice in the Philadelphia Courier, of the 6th ult., 
announcing the opening of the " Seamen's Bethel 
Union," on the East side of Front Street, between 
Spruce and Pine Streets, says : 

We wish now to call the especial attention 
of the really benevolent and philanthropic to 
the aid of this valuable and praiseworthy en- 
terprise, which has been brought into opera- 
tion thus far, by the individual exertions of 
Mr. Thomas Poster, Seamen's missionary. 
It is intended as a free church, and during 
the winter a course or series of suitable 
moral lectures are contemplated. We trust 
that merchants, and all others interested in 
" those who go down unto the sea in ships 
and do business on the great waters," will 
not pass this idly by- as unworthy of their 
notice, but give of their abundance to aid 
and sustain the benevolent intentions of the 
founder. 



THE IAGKER. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 



Collections by Capt. T. V. Sullivan, for the 
gratuitous circulation of the Sheet Anchor. 

JIethuen. — Mr. Sawyer, T. H. Spencer. 50 cts. each. 

Asdover — Daoiel At'iijntt, Enocli Abbott. Maj. Glea- 
•on, IMr. Shed, Chs. Richardson, Kev. Mr Green, Daniel 
Foster. G. Manning, each 50 cents. 

Great Halls, N. H— J. A. Burleigh, T. B. Moses, 
.1. Porter. John Philbrick, .1. H. Titcnmb, C. F. Elliot, 
fll each ; Augustus Lord, 50 cents. 

WtsTMINST ER. Vt.— Individuals. g2. 

W'niu'RN.— Capt. Wm. Martin. #5; Horace Conn. N. 

B. Frve. J. D. Tidd, Silvanus Wood, Jona. Fowle. ,§1 
each ; E. Richardson, Mr. V'aughan, .Mrs. Elton, Leon- 
ard Thompson, Josiah Walker, A. Buckman, W. Buck- 
man, 50 cents each ; other smaller sums, gl 50. 

South Reading. — Eunice Nichols, Thos. Emerson, 
Win. W. Ccftler. $1 each; Jacob Eaten, Thos. Skinni r. 
Mrs Spnulding, David Smith. Benjamin B. Bancroft, §1 
each; Dea. Bryant, L. A Rhodes. N. Smith. 50 els. each. 

Framingham.— Dr. Salter, g2: S. S. Wheeler, Wm. 
Clark, Lawson Kiimsburv, each gl ; Miss Kellog, Mrs. 
Wheeler, H. T. Hastings, Mrs. Gibbs, Mr, Whittemore; 
Dea. Rice, Mrs. Bent, each 50 cents; other smaller 
Bums. 75 cents. 

S * vi-.v ii. i.E— William II, Knight. £5 ; M.H. Ripley, 
John lldlard. Ab. Stone, each. §1 ; in the mill, g 1 GO; 
Angier, 75 cts.; cash, 75 cents. 

Fitch burg. — Wm. S. Whitwell, $10; Benj Snow,, 
Beni. Snow. Jr . $5 each ; Rev. E. W. Bullard, Rnbv R. 
Jafford, each g2; David Boutell, £3 ; Tolnian Holmes, 
Alpheus Kimball, Ebenezer Torre v. John Ear well. J. T. 
Far well j S. N. Dole & Co , Wm. Atherton, Lucy Davis. 
James 15. Lane, John Dole, Thomas R. Bouiell, Wm. B 
Town, Samuel A. Wheeler, Abraham Osborn, Patrick 
Quinlin, Ephraim Osborn, Jr.. lvers Phillips, Stephen 
Dole. N. A. Tufts. Charles D. Bond, Jacob H. alerriam, 
each $1 ; other subscriptions, in small sums, 5b 58. 

Groton. — Miss Capells, 55 ; Mrs. Elizabeth Amnion. 
St; Dr. Amos Farnsworth, S2; Joshua Green. Joshua 
Eaton. Joseph Brown, Joseph Moores : M. H Wells, J. 
5. Adams, Dr. Cummings. George S. Bnutelle. Rev. J, 

C. Smith, N. P. Smith, Lucinda Rockwood, Solomon 
Nuttiti^. a friend. Noah Torrey. Jonas Eaton, Lydia A 
Thayer, each gi ; Mary Woodbury, $1 50; other sub- 
scriptions, in small sums, $3 ; i5. 



Kkene, N. H. — Jona. Bowker, Levi Chamberlain, 
Lebanon Brown, Hannah Rodgers, Mrs. Hastings, B. K. 

\ ! in:-:, Mrs, Su it Wheeler, Mrs. Dinsmore, E. M. 

Edwards, a friend. L. H. Briggs. Calvin Page. G.Tilden, 
John Prentiss, a friend, Mary Milliken, each £1 ; Silva- 
nus Titus. T. H. Leverelt, each 50 centsr 

Wai.poi.e.— Abel Bellows, Thos, Sparahawk, 51 each. 

BraiNTREE. — Eog family, $3; Samuel Capen, B. V. 
French, II. \V: Shed. Levi Thayer, Shadrack Thayer, 
51 ea. ; friends in Rev. Mr. Storr's congregation, 5+ 30 - 

Randolph, North —Samuel Page, A. A. l'rescott, 
Mr. Freeman, each 50 cents. 

N. Bridge" »TEB — In small subscriptions, 51 50. 

E. Stooghtoh.— In 5- 30 - 



NAVAL. 

Commodore Smith, with the American squad- 
ron, was at Malta, September 25. 

The U. S. sloop-of-war Fairfield, arrived at 
Malta on the 11th Sept. She was from Paler- 
mo, having called off Tunis and Tripoli, but not- 
withstanding a declaration that she had not had 
communication with either of those places, she 
was put on quarantine for nine days, and was in 
port on the 15th. 

The U. S. 6loop-of-war Plymouth, took pra- 
tique at Malta, on the 13th of Sept., and paid the 
usual-compliment to the Admiral on the 15th. 

The U. S. frigate Raritan, was at Bahia about 
the Gth Sept., and was expected at Pernambuco 
on the 12th. 

It is reported that orders have been recently 
issued by the Navy Department, prohibiting offi- 
cers from granting leave of absence (as was for- 
merly the case) for one week, to any person un- 
der their command, without special permission of 
the department. 

The U. S. frigate Columbia, sailed from Cadiz, 
August 27, for Lisbon, — all well. 

The Pensacola Gazette of 15th ult., says, that 
a Naval Court Martial was convened at the Navy 
Yard the week preceding, by order of the Secre- 
tary of the Navy, for the trial of such persons as 
might be brought before it. The following offi- 
cers compose the Court : Commander Joshua R. 
Sands, President ; Lieuts. C. VV. Chauncey, J. 
A. Russ, E. Lanies, of the Falmouth ; Lieuts. 
Win. S. Young, James Lockhart, of the Vanda- 
lia; and Lieut. Thomas W. Brent, of the Navy 
Yard. Walker Anderson, Judge Advocate. 

Steamboat Exhibition. — A beautiful model 
of a steam boat — one of those exhibited at the 
.Mechanics' Fair, recently — may now be seen at 
the Marlboro' Chapel, and its mechanical princi- 
ples examined. It is running in a basin of water 
fifty feet in circumference, and it is well worthy 
the attention of all persons interested in the me- 
chanic aits. 

Fatal Accident. — During the late storm at 
Portland, Capt. Simeon Stover was instantly kill- 
ed by falling down the main hatch of schooner 
Citizen, of Harpswell. Capt. S. was about 38 
years old, and has left a wife and three children 
at Harpswell. 

Drowned — George Gorham, an interesting 
child of Mr. G. W. Gorham, aged about three 
years, fell from a wharf, leading from Harlow 
Street, Portland, and was drowned. He was seen 
in the water by a man upon the opposite side of 
the stream, whose outcry arrested the attention 
of a young man, Henry Nowell, at work on a 
building in Harlow Street, who fearlessly run to 
the wharf, plunged into the stream, and brought 



the boy to land. The child gasped several times, 
but could not be restored to life. 

Loss of Steamboats by Fire The Ithaca, N. 

Y. Democrat states that the steamboat De Witt 
Clinton, which plied between I'.heca and Cayuga 
Bridge, or Lake Cayuga, took fire lately, while 
at anchor near the head of the Lake, and was 
entirely destroyed, with all her machinery and 
furniture ; no lives lost. 

The steamer Fairport, Capt. Arthur Edwards, 
was destroyed by fire, while lying at a wood 
wharf in the river St. Clair, near Point au Chicx. 
She burned to the water's edge, and the hull 
sunk. The Fairport was about 300 tons burthen, 
and chiefly owned by Capt. Edwards. The poli- 
cy of insurance had expired but a few days be-, 
fore the accident occurred. 



05^ Capt. R. F. Stockton is again quite ill, of 
one of those attacks, resembling billious cholic, 
to which he has been subject since the bursting 
of the Peacemaker. Several of the officers and 
crew of the frigate Princeton have been liable to 
similar attacks, since that unfortunate occurrence. 

' fjy It is reported that the D. S. Revenue Cut- 
tor Vigilant was capsized, having been blown out 
of Key West harbor, the 5th ult., and twelve out 
of fourteen of her crew perished. 



05 s * Commodore Moore, late of the Texan 
Navy, has arrived at New Orleans, having been 
acquitted by the Court Martial, before which he 
was tried. The citizens of Galveston, without 
distinction of party, gave him a public dinner. 

INFORMATION WANTED 
Of PATRICK McMTLLEN.a seaman, of Boston, whe 
sailed from this port a year ago last January. He was 
5 feet 7 inches high, stout built, ashy hair, slightly curl- 
ed, very light blue eyes, rather dark complexion, about 
27 years old. Any information respecting him, left at 
the Office of the New England Washingtonian, Minot'a 
Building, Spring Lane, will he thankfully received. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

The following description of a floating light, moored 
off Falsterbo, has been communicated to the Department 
of State, by the Charge d'Affaires of Sweden and Nor- 
way :_• The floating light vessel will be lighted up from 
the 15th of March to the 1st of December, every year. 
She lays in Gj fathoms water, one minute from the out-, 
crmost point of Falsteslto reef, and whence Falsterbo 
light bears N. E. 6' distant; and Stevensklint's light 
house bears W. N. W. 1 W. by compass. A bell will be 
tolled on board the floating light during thick and misty 
weather. The lights are aibout 50 feet above the level 
of the water, and may be scea two German miles or 
more in lair weather. 

" The floating light will have five pilot9 stationed oa 
board, and lays in such deep water that the largest ship 
may approach her and obtain a pilot. She will carry a 
pilot flag as long as pilots are on board ; and the flag will 
be taken down when they are all out." 

Floating Light off Martin's Industry. — Col- 
lector's Office, Savannah, Oct. 5, 1814.— Notice is here- 
bv given, that this vessel has been returned to her moor- 
ings, and after this date will be regularly lighted up.— 
Her anchorage is in lat. 3J° 07' N., long. 80° 31 W. 
The following are the soundings at the anchorage of the 
vessel: High water, 6i fathoms ; common tide. 53 do. ; 
low water. 5J do. Tyhee Light House bearing S. W. by 
W. 4 W., distance 15 miles; Hilton Head bearing N. 
W. % N. distance 8 miles; and Bay Point bearing N. 
N. W. } W., distance 3 miles. 

Eon ,vri) HARDKH, Sup't of Lights. Sec. 

District of Savannai. 






168 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



(daifoiehsj® P zris'm i E i 3Mis C1 ©ss" ^mm ©©asw ©if cswusiio 





The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
put it asunder. 



In this city, 2d ult., Lieut. B. F. Shattuck, U. S. N., 
to Miss Hannah Bartlktt Doane. 

In New York, Capt. A/.ariah Bartlf.tt, of Ply- 
mouth, Ms., to Miss O'Nif.l. 

At Bellows Falls, Vt., Sept. 26, Capt. Wm. Swam to 
Miss Frances S. Kemp, both of Keenc, N. H. 




THE LAST VOYAGE. 

Ooean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 



In this city, 12th ult., Archibald Kirk, of New 
York, aged 39 years, late seaman on board U. S. frigate- 
United States. 

At Hi .'.'in Light House, 1 8th ult., Mr. David Tower 
keeper of the Light. 

In Broeklyn, N. Y., James H. Clark, Esq., Purser 
U. S. N., aged Gl years. 

In Gloucester, lib ult., Capt. Josiah Merrick, aged 
83 vears. 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rkt. SILAS BULKY, of Dorchester. 
GEORGE L. COBURN, New Haven, Conn. 

Committee 

For Gratuitous Distribution among Stamen. 

Ret. CHARLES VV. DEN ISON, Sheet Anchor Office. 
Rkt. E. T. TAYLOR, North Square Bethel. 
Ret. D. M. LORD, Purchase Street Bethel. 
MOSES GRANT, Esq., Cambridge Street. 
Rev. SF.TH BLISS, Tract Depository, Comhilt. 
'• W. B. TAPPAN, American S/ S. Union Deposi- 
tory, Cornhill. 
Dka. T.THWING, City Missionary, 96 Washington St. 
BENJAMIN ABRAHAMS, Esq., Atkins' Wharf. 
Rev. WILLIAM HOWE, chapel, corner of Friend and 

Deacon Streets. 
Dr. J. C. AYER, Treasurer of the Committee, corner 
ol Hanover and Prince Streets, Boston. 

Capt. T. V. SULLIVAN, 

General Agent for collecting funds for this 
object. 

Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street, Re*. Henry Chase,' 186 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. R. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal 1 hurch. Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

J'ortland Rev G. W. Bourne. Exchange Hall. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M . 
Lord ; Bethel Church. North Square, Rev. E.T. Taylor. 
'■ Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 

C mercial Stieet, corner of Lewis. Elder J. W. 

Ilolinm, over Qjiincv Market. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton 

New Bedford. Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Stieet. 

Newark, N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnnt St. Rev. 
O. Douglass. 

Seamen's Bethel Union. East side of Front Street, be- 
tween Spruce and Pine; Thomas Porter, Missionary. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Plnlpot St., Rev. H. Best. 



Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Ostoego. Rev.F. Pierce. 

Rockcttx, Va. Rev. A. Mebano. 

Savannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White. 

GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-BOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Hume, established by the Bee- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept bv DanielTracy. 99* 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead, 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Qt'iN. Jr.. No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Mahtik Barnks. Jr.. Ann Street, corner of Lacgdon 
Place. Salisbury, No. 90 Commercial Street. 

Davih Chafun, T7A Commercial Street. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Lcthf.r Hosmer, No. 
51 North Market Street. 

Mrs Strkkt, 209 Ann Street. 

A. < 'la rk, 4 North Square. 

J. R. Taylor, 40 Snuthac St., for colored seamen. 

Salem. Elienezer Griffin, near South Briclne : Mrs. 
Greenlenf. Becket Street, near Deihv Street, 

Portland, Me. — ^earner's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis. 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Se«- 
men's Friend Society. No. 190, Cherry Street. between 
Market and Pike Streets 

Capt. Roland Gelston, No. 320. Pearl Street. 

Other Boarding-Houses in New York City. John 
McLcllan.lS-l Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. " 

Home for Colored Seamen . under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W P 
Powell, 61 Cherry Street. " J 

Providence, R. I. Seamen's Temperance Home 93 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. Cant. Hamilton, 23 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Myers, comer Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets. Soring Hill 

Philadelphia. Sailors Home, (Fasthurn House, ) No 
10. Lorabardy Street, near Front Street. Sam'l Room, 
under the care oT the Female Seamen's Friend Sociciv 

Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts., bv Wm Hammond, under thecareol the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street 
Cap'. Halcolm. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union Mid 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Stroet, I' ell's Point. 



f, Qk*rH& 




"Which hope we have 



as an anchor of llie soul." 



i 



JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. :::::::::::::::::: '. : : : : REV. CHARLES *W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1844. 



No. 22. 



SEEif Auaaoa. 

pFFICE, 39 MERCHANTS ROW.] 
Not stcfarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANCE 

til HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE HOLLAR A IEAS, IN ADVANCE. 

Anv person who will obtain five subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
same proportion for larger numbers. 

AGENTS. 

SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: ) _.„_ 

J SEE LAST PAGE. 
KBEl'EltS OF BAILORS' HOMCS. S 

{J^-See list of names on lasi page. 

TH n STORY, 

■' Wonders in the deep.' 1 

From the New York Mercniy. 

A Thrilling Incident. 

Some years since, in one of my passages 
to India, we were laying becalmed near the 
Equator, or in the pari -nice of the forecas- 
tle — the "horse latitude.' 1 Heavy clouds, 
surcharged with rain, were hanging down, 
and apparently almost touching the ship's 
mast heads; the night was dirk, and a long 
southerly swell made the old ship tumble 
about much more than was agreeable to either 
passengers or crew. The pale, blue compas- 
sant was flitting from spar to spar, or in the 
beautiful language of Falconer — 

" High on the ma-ts willi pale and livid rays, 
Amid the gloom portentous meteors blaze/' 

making the darkness still more impenetrable. 

Six bells of the first watch had been struck, 

and now the rain beuan to fall, in the way 

that il only does between tire tropics ; loud 

peals of thunder broke above our heads, and 

the lightning flashed around us, illuminating 

the ship fore and aft. 

"The ethereal dome in mournful pomp array'd, 
Now buried lies beneath imperious shade j 
Now flashing round intolerable light, 
Redoubles all the terrors of the night." 

At this time the d anger from the electric 
fluid was so great, that the first mate ordered 
all the watch to go under the shelter of the 
poop, so a? to be less exposed t > danger, and 



this a good opportunity of discovering the 
unknown bell ringer. Advancing a few pa- 
ces, he said, " Come men.Ae will go in a 
body, and so find out who is amusing himself 
with the bell." So sayingjfc led the way, 
and we all followed, rather closely packed, 
and a great inclination for each one to be the 
last. In this way we had reached the main 
deck, when one of the most intense and with- 
ering flashes — no, not a flash — but a stream 
of lightning sealed up our eyes, and was fol- 
lowed by a volley of ihunder which broke 
directly over our heads, shaking ihe ship to 
her very keelson. As soon as we recovered 
All was silent for a moment, and then an- j from the shock, a rush was made for the quar- 
other toll louder than before. ./'Go, some rid there we stood breathless and 

of you, and see who is tolling the bell ;" but [ horror-stricken — dong — ilutigj — dong. "Ah! 
no one seemed inclined to obey the order, hear that sir V said one of the men ;" it's no 
" Why don't you move V he said again, " are use tempting God'and Bill Young's ghost. — 



at the same time ready in case of an accident, 
and on no account to go forward near the 
anchor, or to stand in the way of the chain 
topsail sheets. We had thus remained in a 
close body until near midnight|the thunder 
and lightning becoming more and more ter- 
rific, quailing the hearts of the stoutest men 
on board, when lo ! the ship's bell on the 
forecastle, gave one loud peal. 

" Who is that at the bell," cried out the 
mate. 

No answer. Dong, dong. 

" Forward, there ! what do you mean by 
tolling that bell !" 



you afraid to go?" " Let him go himself," 
said an old tar, " he is better paid for it than 
we are." 

The party were huddled together like a 
flock of sheep, probably thinking there was 
safety in numbers. " What can it be?" said 
one. "Old Davy Jones will have somebody 
in his locker before long," said another. — 
" Aye, boys ; this comes of letting the pas- 
sengers shoot the mother Cary's chickens," 
said a third. " It's Bill Young's ghost," (al- 
hiding to a youngster who had died a few 
days before,) whispered a young lad who 
stood trembling by my side ; " he was always 
fund of striking the bell." 

The excitement was now so great that the 
boldest heart seemed struck with terror; and 
men vvho had braved every danger of the seas 
for years, were apparently paralyzed and 
nerveless. Peal after ped of thunder broke 
above our heals, the lightning flashed and 
hissed around us, the rain poured down as if 
a second deluge was coming, and every mo- 
ment we expected the electric fluid would 



A shark was alongside this evening which 
bodes no good, and some poor fellow will 
have to leave the key of his chest with his 
mess-mate before long." 

A breeze of wind at this moment taking 
the ship aback, the order was given to haul 
the mainsail up, preparatory to bracing the 
yards round. Now, although sailors have a 
great dislike to encounter any thing in the 
shape of ghosts, invisible bell ringers, &c, 
they never think of disobeying an order u hen 
they know it is for some necessary duty. — 
Away started the whole parly, the clew gar- 
nets were rove through the windlass hobs, 
(I must spea.k technically) — dong — dong — 
dong — the ropes were grasped, but just as 
the word was given to haul up, a burst of . 
thunder, hmder than the roar of ten thousand 
heavy artillery, rent the air, simultaneously 
with a most vivid flash of lightning, and 
every man was prostrated on the deck ; how 
long I lay ihere stunned and blinded, I know 
not ; but on recovering my feet, 1 began to 
feel around me, when my-hands came in con- 



strike the ship, ;ind wrap her in a sheet of j tact with a rope yarn stretched fore and aft, 
flame. At intervals went the bell — dong — from the cook-house to the foremast, and as 
dons — dong — making the scene still more I pulled it, the bell began again such a suc- 



appalling. 

For a few minutes there was a cessation of 



cession of sounds that completely astonished 
me ; but by tracing along the yarn, I found 
the rolling thunder, and the mate thought j one end fast to the tongue of the bell, and 



S^tt*«0 ,\ 



170 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



the other to the finger of one of my mess- 
mates, Jemmy McD , who was snugly 

seated in the cook's coal bucket, taking a 
comfortable snooze in the galley. It being 
his turn to strike the hours during the watch, 
he had adopted this method to shelter him- 
self from the storm, and a loose rope swing- 
ing across the deck with the rolling of the 
ship, caused all the alarm. Master Jemmy 
only escaped tasting the virtue of a rope's 
end, by pleading unconsciousness of the storm 
above and around him. How he could have 
slept under such circumstances, always re- 
mained a mystery. 

When daylight came, we found the sails 
much scorched, and the main royalmast shiv- 
ered by lightning — nothing but the torrent3 
of rain which fell during the night, saved the 
ship and all on board from certain destruc- 



tion. 



t. w. 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats In cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



Interesting Meetings on the Atlantic. 

(LT The following minutes of temperance meetings 
held on board the ship Hmdrick Hudson, on her recent 
voyage from England to America, are taken from the 
New York Organ. They were furnished by Mr. James 
Latham . who has just returned from England : 

Sept. 24, 1844— N. lat. 46" 33' ; W. Ion. 
25° 55'. — Capt. George Moore, of the Hen- 
drick Hudson, in the chair. After calling the 
meeting to order, the Chairman made some 
appropriate remarks. Mr. Carpenter sung 
part of a hymn. Addresses were then deliver- 
ed by Mr. Latham, (President of the Wash- 
ington Temperance Benevolent Society of 
New York,) and Mr. Lounsberry of London. 
The Chairman concluded by an affecting 
appeal to all present to come up and sign the 
pledge — when fourteen passengers and sea- 
men came forward and enrolled their names 
opon the Washingtonian pledge. The meet- 
ing then adjourned until Friday evening, at 
half past six o'clock. 

Wm. Butcher, of Buckinghamshire. 

Secretary. 
The weather being unfavorable on the eve- 
ning appointed, no meeting was held till 
Wednesday evening, at half past six o'clock, 
lat. 45° 3', Ion. 43° 32'. A hymn having 
bean sung from Rev. J. Wesley's selection, 
and the minutes of the last meeting read, 
captain Moore delivered a telling speech, in 
the course of which, he stated that a sailor 
in his service, some time since, named Bishop 
Clarke, refused to take' his grog, at which he 
was exceedingly surprised, yet somewhat 
pleased, and the more so as he found him 
steadfast in his purpose. In the course of 
two voyages, the captain having occasion for 
a second mate, elevated Clarke to that posi- 
tion. After serving him faithfully in that 



capacity for a long time, in which he entirely 
abstained from liquor, he left him, and the 
captain lost sight of him for nearly six years. 
One day a gentleman came up to him and 
offered his hand. The captain did not re- 
cognize him. " I am Bishop Clarke, sir," 
said he, " and I have gratitude enough about 
me to return you my hearty thanks for the 
good advice you gave me, to which, in a great 
measure, I owe my prosperity and respecta- 
bility. I am now commander of one of the 
finest steam vessels that runs upon the Lakes 
— and I am owntr of two vessels, besides 
other property. So much for a life of tem- 
perance." 

The Reformed Captain. 

Some time after Temperance Societies had 
attracted public attention in the old world, I 
was passenger in a steam boat. After dinner, 
when a drinking apparatus made its appear- 
ance, a brisk cannonade upon Temperance 
Societies commenced, and all except myself, 
were loud in expressions of condemnation or 
of ridicule. Among other things, the cap- 
tain said — "I would as soon part with that 
right arm as with my glass of grog." Ob- 
serving, after some time, that he did not 
drink, though all were drinking around, I 
asked the reason. " I am going on deck," 
he replied, "to remain for some time, and I 
have found by experience, that I am more 
liable to be affected by cold after having taken 
spirits." "Why," said I, "that is exactly 
what temperance societies say; they teach, 
that spiritous liquor, instead of being bene- 
ficial, is decidedly injurious, under exposure 
to cold." " But," said he, " I take my allow- 
ance after coming off deck, just before tum- 
bling into my berth, and I could not enjoy a 
sound sleep without it." " Did you ever 
try V I asked significantly. " No," said he, 
" nor do I intend to." Here the conversa- 
tion dropped. 

Six months after, while strolling around 
the quays, I met the same captain, who, run- 
ning to me, and shaking me most affection- 
ately by the hand, asked me — " Do you re- 
collect what you said to me the last time we 
met?" I answered, "no." "You asked 
me," said he, " if I ever tried to go to bed 
without my spirits and water ? I have tried, 
and so long as I live I shall have reason to 
thank you. I took a little jam and hot wa- 
ter for a few nights, and soon found a very 
happy change ; my sleep became sound and 
refreshing ; my appetite became keen as the 
morning air ; and my whole body and mind 
became renewed with fresh vigor. Perhaps 
you recollect a slight inflammation on my 
cheek and round my mouth — that used to 
annoy me sorely ; O, what a horrible busi- 
ness shaving used to be ! and then, the mo- 
ment I caught cold, which was very often, 



the inflammation ascended and settled in my 
eyes. All that, however, is long since gone ; 
and now I am as hale and as hearty as the 
day I was married — thanks to you and the 
Temperance Societies — that I used to laugh 
at, but I would fight for you now." — Profes- 
sor Edgar. 

B3- Extract from n letter to the Editor of tho New Havel 
Fountain, dated Hartford, October 4, 1644. 

" Nothing new here, only intemperance is 
gaining ground. But still, let us not be dis- 
couraged ; the old ship is good yet, always 
ready to receive all who will sign the papers. 
Still, there must be caution enforced, and 
look ahead, for the See Serpent is constantly 
watching the careless, and those who neglect 
their duty. The name of our Captain is 
Fortitude. The ship is insured by every 
good teetotaller on earth. In the policy is 
written, ' Be thou faithful, and thou shalt 
have health, happiness, and plenty, as a rich 
reward.' " c. 

THE HOME. 

A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



New York Bethel Missionary. 

Sept. 30. A captain remarked that he was 
very glad to receive any thing upon religion 
or temperance. The mate of a ship said 
that there had been a great change in seamen 
within a few years, but he knew not what 
had produced it, whether tracts, or tempe- 
rance, or what it was. I told him it was 
tracts, and temperance, and religion, all com- 
bined, and nothing else could do it. The 
effect was beyond dispute, but the cause was 
as mysterious to him as the opening of the 
eyes of the blind man, whom the Jews cast 
out of the synagogue, was to them. 

Oct. 2. The captain of a brig had a long 
story to tell me about the idolatry and super- 
stition of the Catholics in Palermo. He 
received me with the most marked respect 
thanked me heartily for my tracts and papers, 
and said they would be highly appreciated by 
himself and his crew. He also showed me 
his library, which was very excellent. He 
had sailed sixteen years without the use of ar- 
dent spirits — and not only so, but he endeav- 
ored to make his men teetotallers if they were 
not so; and when he last came into port, all 
his crew signed the pledge. The captain 
and his wife spoke like excellent Christians, 
and were very much interested in Sailor's 
Homes, and in every agency now being em- 
ployed for the amelioration of the condition 
of seamen. 

3d. The captain of a brig was glad to 
see me, and said that we had a long talk a 
few months ago. I found that he was a pious 
man, and had long sailed without ardent 
spirits, and allowed no profane language on 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



171 



board. He remarked that he hoped the time 
would soon arrive when every sailor would 
become a missionary. 

The crew of a vessel were much gratified 
»5 receiving some tracts and papers, and one 
of them eulogised the captain, saying, that 
he was a pious man, and that there was not 
a better man on that line ; he was interested 
in the tract cause, and all the good causes of 
the day, and he endeavored to have others 
become interested also. The captain of a 
packet was very glad to get tracts and papers 
for his crew, for, says he, " they will do Jack 
no harm." 

5th. The captain of a ship remarked that 
he would read the tracts and papers himself, 
and then give them to his crew. In an in- 
terview with the mate of a vessel, I found he 
was one of those who say that the sailor is no 
better than he ever was, and can be made no 
better. He however made one remark which 
I believed, viz : He had been to sea a num- 
ber of years, had been out in a great many 
different ships, but had never been on board 
one where there was no profane language, 
though he had often heard people tell of such 
ships. I believe he told the truth, for he used 
profane language at almost every breath, and 
I could hardly conceive of any place being 
free from profane language where he was. — 
He was in favor of strict discipline, and was 
for using brute force on every trifling occa- 
sion, and he thought that law arbitrary and 
unjust which forbade such discipline. 

8th. On board a brig, found a pious sailor 
who said he was born in Denmark. He had 
been in New York about two months, had 
boarded at the Sailors' Home, and attended 
the Mariner's church in Rosevelt Street. — 
Here the truth had taken effect — he saw him- 
self a sinner, and was led to flee to Christ 
for help. Said he " I thought I was safe be- 
fore, but I was trusting to my own good 
works — now, I put no confidence in these — 
I see that I am entirely helpless; all my 
strength is in Christ." He appeared very 
happy, and it was good to hear him talk, as 
he had such correct views of himself, and of 
his dependence on God, for help. He point- 
ed out a shipmate, wh# he said was pious. — 
Thus we see that the preaching of the gospel 
to seamen is not altogether in vain. 



Sailors, Good Tract Distributors. 
Last evening an old sailor called on the 
Superintendent of the Sailor's Home, asking 
for a few tracts. On inquiring, he said he 
belonged to a vessel running between this 
»)ity and Machias, Me., and that he was in 
the habit of getting a supply of tracts to dis- 
tribute among the young people at home. — 
He is a member of a church of Christ, and 
by the distribution of religious tracts, and in 
other ways is laboring to bring others to the 



enjoyment of the same hopes and prospects 
which cheer his own soul. He was furnish- 
ed with a good supply, and bid God speed in 
his labors of love. 

He reminded us of another sailor of our 
acquaintance, who gave a handful of tracts 
to a young man on the Coast of North Caro- 
lina. The young man distributed them in a 
neighborhood in the interior, destitute of the 
preaching of the gospel, and the result was 
a revival of religion which brought twenty per- 
sons into a Christian church. — Sailor's Mas;. 




For the Sheet Anchor. 

I go to Sea ? 

. In addressing our young friends in the 
country on the present occasion, we propose 
to consider some of the trials of a sea life. 

To the question — shall I go to sea ? We 
answer yes, if you are prepared to go. Do 
you ask what we mean by being prepared ? 
We reply — every occupation in life has its 
trials, that of the mariner among the rest 
comes in for its full share. Of this you will 
become satisfied, should you make the ex- 
periment of going to sga. In most cases the 
misfortune is, that a youth desirous of going 
to sea, cannot obtain the requisite informa- 
tion in relation to the true character of a 
sailor's life. If he contemplates farming, or 
trade, a mechanical or professional employ- 
ment, he will find around him men experienc- 
ed in these employments severally ; but it is 
not so if he turns his attention to the sea. 
Sailors are rarely met with in the country, 
and they are the only persons to depend upon 
for counsel and advice in matters of this sort. 
And here we would remark, that few com- 
paratively that go sea from the country, re- 
turn again. This is a sad but true state- 
ment ; and yet this very circumstance ope- 
rates on the minds of many, we doubt not, 
and induces them to go to sea, the impres- 
sion being that it is the superior charms of a 
sea life that keep sailors so long from home. 

We may say something in a future num- 
ber by way of undeceiving our young friends 
on this deeply interesting point. To return. 

Shall I go to sea 1 We answer yes ; if 
you are prepared to abandon your home. — 
In our last we alluded to the subject of Home. 
We refer to it again, in order to impress, if 
possible, our own convictions of its impor- 
tance upon the minds of those we are seek- 
ing to influence. 

Are you prepared to submit to self-denial, 
and meet with hard fare at times 1 Then 
go to sea ; for be assured you will not be able 
to escape either. The wisest heads in plan- 
ning, and most liberal hearts in devising, 



among our ship-owners, are not always lound 
equal to the exigencies of a voyage. Long 
continued and adverse gales, and a disabled 
vessel, may possibly bring you to a shorter 
allowance of provisions and water, than might 
suit either your convenience or comfort. If 
you love eating and drinking, and comfort 
then — we recommend you to stay on shore. 

Are you prepared for sickness, in circum- 
stances where you can obtain neither medi- 
cal advice or the kind attentions of a mother, 
or a sister ; and where, should you be on 
board a whale ship and have an arm or a leg 
broken, you must suffer for want of profes- 
sional skill, and exposure 1 Then go to sea. 
Are you prepared for shipwreck and total 
loss? Then spread your sails and away to 
sea. It may be that you are now employed 
by a farmer or mechanic, or other person on 
the land; if so, you have a lien on their 
property for services, while any of that prop- 
erty remains. But if the ship in which you 
are embarked, and the cargo on board are 
lost, and you thrown, naked, on a foreign 
shore, remember you cannot recover one cent 
from your employers, though your services be 
protracted to months, and even years. We 
have had some experience in things of this 
sort, and know something of the history of 
others. We know of an instance in which 
a young man of enterprise and character, 
made three successful whaling voyages — suc- 
cessful so far as getting a full cargo was con- 
cerned — and in every instance the vessel was 
wrecked, attended with total loss. And all 
the young man obtained for eight years of 
hard and faithful service, was what he ate 
and drank and wore, during the time. 

Are you prepared for a subordinate life? 
Then go to sea. There is a degree of liber- 
ty and equality on the land not met with at 
sea. We have been struck with the differ- 
ence between the familiarity of the farm and 
the workshop, and the austerity and silent 
discharge of duty on ship-board. Bear in 
mind, then, that a species of discipline is 
deemed necessary at sea, that admits not of 
equality ; and should you go to sea, be pre- 
pared not only to submit to that discipline, 
but cheerfully to acquiesce in it. 

Are you prepared to give up the Sabbath 
and all the religious instruction and influence 
connected therewith 1 Then go to sea. The 
Sabbath was made for man, but the sailor is 
deprived of it, for there is no Sabbath at sea. 
There are good, Christian men, that com- 
mand vessels — " who remember the Sabbath 
day, to keep it holy," but their numbers are 
small ; and he is a fortunate sailor that falls 
in with one of them. We have said nothing 
of the religious influence of friends over you, 
which you must be prepared to give up, aa 
well as the Sabbath. We know of persons 
that have followed the sea for ten, twenty or 






172 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



more years, who cannot record ;i single in- 
stance during their whole sea life, in which 
they have been addressed personally on the 
subject of religion. It is the sailor, more 
than most men that can say in truth — " no 
man cared for my soul." 

Are you prepared to sicken and die, and 
be buried at sea, or in some foreign land, or 
perhaps to meet with a sudden and violent 
death, which fills to the lot of many a sailor ? 
Then go to sea. 

In conclusion. We have not written on 
this subject to deter one of you from going 
to sea, but that you may go with your eyes 
open, and prepared to meet the realities of a 
sea life. 

In our next we shall furnish some of the 
facts by way of illustrating this whole sub- 
ject — as promised in our last by 

Fore and Aft. 

An Extraordinary Barometer. 

The mate of a vessel belonging 16 Boston, 
the brig Grand Turk, a few years since re- 
ceived a severe blow with a club over the 
left eye ; the skull was probably slightly frac- 
tured, and is so tender a6 to indicate with un- 
failing accuracy, any change in the weather. 
The captain of the brig says : — " Generally 
about six hours before the commencement of 
a gale, his head begins to ache, with more or 
less violence, as the case may be, the position 
higher or lower on the head, and the degree 
of pain denoting squall or gale, moderate or 
severe — and so peculiar are the sensations, 
and so infallible in their indications, that he 
is able to foretell the commencement, and 
generally the duration and severity of a gale 
with a greater degree of accuracy than I have 
ever known a barometer to do." 

Prayer— Its Power and Utility. 

'U any among you afflicted, let him pray."— James. 

In performing the voyage of human life 
man necessarily encounters many storms, 
and losses — much to test the strength of his 
anchor hope. But were we in full possession 
of Gospel hope — were our minds properly il- 
luminated with its doctrine, and our hearts 
sufficiently enlivened with its spirit, those 
storms would cause but little alarm — those 
storms would be small. And, if to outride 
the storms of the ocean a knowledge of navi- 
gation be necessary, to outride the storms of 
human life a knowledge of the Gospel is ne- 
cessary. If the compass be necessary for the 
mariner when darkness overspreads him and 
winds howl around, the Bible is indispensa- 
bly necessary for us when disappointments 
approach us and afflictions assail us. This 
will prove a sure guide. 

" It is a clinrt and compass ton, 
Whose needle points forever true." 



Singular Phenomenon. 

The Kev We-t Light or the Keel', of the 14th Sept.. 
gives the following description of a singul ir phenomenon 
witnessed at sea : — 

"On Wednesday the 11th inst., at about 9 
o'clock, was observed from the deck of the 
sloop Mount Vernon, by Capt. J. P. Smith, 
and also by his crew, what to all appearance 
was a star; but of such a size and brilliancy, 
considering the sky was unclouded, and the 
sun pouring down his rays with unusual lus- 
tre, as almost to lead to the belief that it was 
some supernatural vision. The singular phe- 
nomenon is represented as being, in appear- 
ance, nearly equal to the size of the moon. 
It remained visible nearly the whole day; 
and disappeared only as the shades of night 
were fast approaching, when all expected to 
have a better and more distinct view of this 
brilliant and apparently erratic heavenly body. 
Capt. S, states it to have presented an appear- 
ance, in col«r, similar to that of the planets 
at night, only a shade whiter. The ignorant 
and superstitious may see in this, signs of 
portentous moment. But such things have 
been seen before. 



¥HBS SAI.OOK. 

Blest WOMAN'S voice ! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thse ." 



The following letter from an intelligent lady, upon 
the subject of Temperance, to the Temperance Society 
with which she is connected, will he read with interest . 

Respected Friends, — Having been pre. 
vented for some time from meeting with you, 
I have endeavored, on the present occasion, 
to substitute for my personal attendance, a 
written communication. I desire to do this, 
not because I have any thing new or particu- 
larly interesting to say, but because I wish to 
express in some way, the deep interest I still 
continue to feel in the good cause in which 
you are engaged. Though I have been ab- 
sent much from you of late, I have often 
been with you in spirit, and not unfrequently 
have followed you in imagination, as you have 
been prosecuting your deeds of benevolence. 
Would I could tell you I had been actively 
cooperating with you, and that I now had 
many interesting and encouraging facts to 
relate as the result of that cooperation. This, 
of late, has not been in my power ; but per- 
mit me to assure you, that as far as strength 
and opportunity permit, I shall ever be found 
ready to contribute my feeble aid. I fully 
rejoice in the efforts that are being made for 
the amelioration of the sufferings of man- 
kind. But if there is one department of be- 
nevolence dearer to my heart than any other, 
it is the cause of temperance ; and happy 
should I feel to be the honored instrument 



of bringing "one wandering star of virtue 
back to its own native heavenward track." 

It has been too much our wont in days that 
are past, to regard the poor inebriate with 
feelings of disgust rather than with those of 
pity and commiseration. We are unmindful 
of the weaknesses of human nature, and for- 
get the difficulty, even in trifling instances, 
of correcting any habit when once it is form- 
ed. What, then, must be the effort requisite 
on the part of an intemperate person to break 
the chain which binds him to his evil courses. 
O ! how bright and beautiful this world would 
again appear, were sin to retire from our bor- 
ders, and intemperance itself be forever ban- 
ished from our land. To expect, in any 
degree, so glorious a result, let us hope 
and pray for the dissemination of our holy 
religion, which diffuses purity and peace 
wherever it is found. 

I was exceedingly interested a short time 
since, while attending a public religious meet- 
ing, to hear a young man, who had recently 
become a convert to temperance, declare his 
determination, in the strength of God, to live 
henceforth as a religious man. Oh 1 that 
such instances of the effects of the tempe- 
rance reformation might be multiplied; and 
while, my friends, we are zealous to promote 
this cause, let our strongest efforts, our warm- 
est sympathies, be exerted in behalf of those 
of our own sex. Poor, unfortunate, suffer- 
ing woman ! how often are her fondest hopes 
blighted by him to whom ihe confided her 
all of earthly happiness ; or her lonely hours 
embittered by the waywardness of some darlJ 
ing child. Known only to a mother's heart is 
the agony of such hours. She chooses to 
suffer in solitude, rather than expose to a 
cold and unfeeling world the vices of him 
she lowes. How many such hearts have been 
made to rejoice, since Temperance, like an 
angel of mercy, has been passing through 
our land. But woman, too, she who was sent 
to soothe and bless mankind, how often do 
we find her the victim of this degrading vice! 
She, whom kind heaven gave as a minister- 
ing spirit, but in too many instances proved 
herself " a thorn in ^he flesh," and instead 
of bringing up her children " in the nurture 
and admonition of the Lord," leaves them 
dependent upon the cold charities of the 
world. Let us seek out such in their haunts 
of misery, and whenever an instance can be 
found, of one who is struggling to break the 
spell which binds her to sin, aid her by every 
means in our power to persevere. Let us al- 
leviate, as far as possible, her physical suffer- 
ings, and shed around her the influences of 
that religion, which elevates tlie character, 
and purifies the heart. Undoubtedly, you 
will meet with much to discourage you, but 
there are also many inducements to urge you 
onward. Much good has already been ef- 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



173 



fected by your Society — much more remains 
to be done ; and that, too, in a short time. — 
Life is the season of activity, and how brief 
is that period ! My own mind has been pain- 
fully reminded of this fact, by the recent sud- 
den death of several with whom myself, and 
some of you, I presume, were acquainted. — 
Their season of influence and of exertion 
has terminated ; they are consigned to the 
silent grave, where neither work nor device 
are found ; and a voice comes to us from 
their cold resting place, " your opportunities 
for benefitting others will soon be past, and 
you, too, will have gone the way of all the 
earth." "Tcmpus fugit," (time flies,) should 
be our motto through the journey of life. 



SHUT ANOHQR- 




BOSTON, SATURDAY, NOT. 16, 1844. 



£5" The SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 



Editorial Correspondence. 

BALTIMORE, November 1. 

The Seamen's Convention in this city, the 
official account of which is given below, has 
been a good one. All the proceedings were 
marked by a delightful harmony. It is hop- 
ed the resolutions will meet the approbation 
of all the friends of seamen, and be exten- 
sively copied. 

The cause is advancing in Baltimore. The 
new Bethel will soon be completed, and oc- 
cupied. It has an excellent location. A full 
description, and engraving of it, will be given 
in a future number of the Sheet Anchor. — 
Mr. Best, the seamen's preacher, is inde- 
fatigable in his labors. May the blessing of 
Heaven crown them with abundant success ! 

A young men's society of the friends of 
the sailor have opened another Bethel on 
Pratt Street. The prospects of usefulness 
are encouraging. Further particulars of this 
new enterprise will be furnished our readers 
hereafter. 

The seamen's Home, under the direction 
of Captain Robertson, is doing a good work, 
and is worthy of patronage. 



PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 4. 

The business of the paper detains me for 
a few days, but 1 trust it will not be in vain 
for the cause. I have preached three times 
on behalf of the sailor, to attentive assem- 
blies. The Shippen Street Bethel, in charge 
of Rev. J. S. Tavlor, has a large congrega- 
tion in attendance. It promises to be pro- 
ductive of great good. The new Bethel 
opened by Rev. T. Porter, in Front Street, is 
well attended. It enjoys the patronage of 
Christians of different denominations. The 
Homes are doing well. 

I expect to spend a day or two in New 
York, on necessary business. I shall then 
hasten my return home. 

Thine, dear readers, for the sailor, 

c. w. D. 

Baltimore Seamen's Convention. 

A Convention of Seamen's Chaplains, and 
other friends of the cause of the sailor, was 
held in the Session Room of Rev. Dr. Breck- 
enridge, in Baltimore, on Wednesday, Oc- 
tober 39, 1844. 

Rev. H. Best, seamen's preacher at Bal- 
timore, called the Convention to order. 
Rev. J. S. TAYLOR, was chosen President. 
" C. W. DENISON, Secretary. 
The President opened the session, by read- 
inor the 53d chapter of Isaiah, and offering 
prayer. 

The following gentlemen were appointed 
a Business Committee. 
Rev. H. Best. 

" Thomas Porter, 
Capt. William Graham, 
Thomas Symington, 
Charles Thompson. 
The Committee reported the following re- 
solutions, which were discussed and adopted : 

AMERtCAN SEAMEN'S FRIEND SOOIETT. 

Resolved, That this Convention heartily com- 
mend to the patronage of the people of this coun- 
try, the American Seamen's Frie.no Society, 
located in the city of New York. It is the oldest 
institution of the kind in America, and, in the 
opinion of this Convention, is calculated to ac- 
complish much pood for the sailor's cause. its 
chaplains are now to be found, ministering to the 
welfare of seamen, in various parts of the world. 
it has recently taken steps to secure the services 
of Rev. John Kennedy, (well known to many of 
the citizens of Baltimore, and to this Convention,) 
as associate Secretary with Rev. John Spaui.h- 
i,\o. It has a Board of Managers, at New York, 
every way qualified to control its affairs. Its 
next anniversary will be held in that city, the 
first week in May next, when the annual report 
of its proceedings will be read, and addresses de- 
livered by friends of the sailor. 

We, therefore, as a Convention of the friends of 
seamen, renewedly commend this noble institu- 
tion to the confidence and benefactions of the 
American people. 

SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS. 

Resolved, That the great and good work in 
which chaplains to seamen are engaged, requires 
them to cultivate an intimate acquaintance with 
each other; that they should correspond and ex- 
change as often as possible ; that they should 
take pains to introduce to one another such sea- 



men as may usually attend on their ministry, and 
as may lie passing from port to port ; that to se- 
cure this desirable iiuioh, the various chaplains 
be cordially recommended to be present, when- 
ever it is in their power, at the anniversary meet- 
ings at New York, of our national ir.slitution-- 
the American Seamen's Friend Society. 

Resulted, That our experience in this cause 
has fully convinced ns that its interests will be 
greatly promoted if chaplains can be continued 
at least six years in succession in each chapel ; 
and we express the firm conviction from what we 
know of the itinerant character of the sailor, that 
the more permanent the chaplain can be, the 
greater is the prospect of doing good. 

BOARDING HOUSES. 

Resolved, That while we approve of the sailor's 
homes already established on Christian princi- 
ples, it is the opinion of this Convention that the 
moral and religious condition of seamen may be 
greatly improved by the establishment, and en- 
couragment of suitable private boarding houses, 
kept by the widows and families of seamen. In 
these families sailors may be brought into asso- 
ciation with tho^e who possess paternal feelings, 
anrl who may exert a reforming influence on their 
habits and characters. 

Resolved, That we recommend this subject to 
the consideration of Seamen's Friend Societies, 
and to kindred associations. 

SEAMEN'S PUBLICATIONS. 

Resolved, That we are thankful to the God of 
grace for the increasing influence for good ex- 
erted by the "Sailor's Magazine," at New- 
York, the "Sheet Anchor,'' at Boston, and the 
"Bethel Flag," Buffalo; and that we trust 
greater efforts will be made by the friends of 
seamen to place these publicat ons on board the 
ships, and in the navy yards and boarding houses 
of our country. 

Resolved, That we have heard with pleasure 
of the work commenced by Kev. B. C. C Par- 
ker, rector of tin' Floating Church ot our Saviour 
for seamen, in New York, to supply the ships 
visiting that port, and other places, with a relig- 
ious Manual for Seamen; and that we hope his 
benevolent object will meet with the success it 
so richly deserves. 

Resolved, That the design of the AmericaR 
Seamen's Friend Society to furnish well-selected 
libraries for such ships as may desire them, or as 
may be presented with them, at small prices, is 
eminently Christian and patriotic in its character; 
and we earnestly ask for it the cooperation of 
our fellow citizens. Donations for the object 
may be made to any of the seamen's chaplains 
named in the Sailor's Magazine, or Sheet Atwhor, 
or to the Seamen's Friend Society, at New York. 

THE SABBATH. 

Resolved, That this Convention deprecate the 
practice of sailing from port on the Lord's day; 
and that we earnestly entreat all shippers, mer- 
chants, keepers of seamen's boarding houses, and 
others concerned, to unite in preserving the sanc- 
tity nf the Christian Sabbath, by declining to aid 
in getting vessels to sea on a day so sacred to 
God, and so necessary to the moral and religious 
improvement of the sailor; that ire call on the 
community to consider the fact, that many hun- 
dreds of seamen are deprived of the means of 
orace, who have but few opportunities to hear 
the word of God, and enjoy the ordinances of 
his house; that there is a fearful responsibility 
resting somewhere, involving the displeasure of 
God, and the loss of many human lives, among 
those who do not remember the Sabbath day, to 
keep it holy. 

Resolved, That we hearlily approve of the Sab- 
bath Convention to be held 'in this city, the 97th 
of November, [inst.] and that we recommend the 
friends of seamen generally to attend. 
FEMALE SOCIETIES. 

Resolved, That the formation of Ladies' Sea- 
men's Friend Societies, in the different parts of 
our country, is an event of the most auspicious 
character to the cause of the sailor ; that they 
have already done much, and may, with the bless- 
ing of God, do still more, in providing the sen- 



174 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



men's chapels and boarding houses with many 
useful articles ; and it is the fervent prayer of 
this Convention that such excellent associations 
may be speedily multiplied a thousand fold. 

JUVENILE SOCIETIES. 

Resolved, That the youth of our country are 
cordially invited to organize themselves, under 
the direction of their seniors, into Juvenile Sea- 
men's Friend Societies, that they may raise funds 
to carry forward the moral improvement of the 
sons of the sea; that they are advised to hold 
monthly meetings, in appropriate places, and read 
extracts from publications devoted to this cause ; 
to correspond with seamen's chaplains, christian 
seamen, and their friends ; and make a yearly re- 
port of their doings to the American Seamen's 
Friend Society, or to some institution of an aux- 
iliary character. 

MONTHLY CONCERT. 

Resolved, That prayer moves the hand that 
moves the universe ; and therefore we most earn- 
estly entreat the friends of seamen every where 
to set apart a stated season, or seasons, tor spec- 
ial prayer to Almighty God, for His blessing to 
descend and rest on the sailor's cause. 

SEAMEN'S CLOTHING STORES. 

Resolved, That the establishment and main- 
tainance, especially under the direction of Fe- 
male Seamen's Friend Societies, of Seamen's 
Clothing Stores, employing, when practicable, 
the families of seamen, is an object of great im- 
portance ; and we commend all such stores, 
wherever established, to the patronage of sea- 
men and their friends. 

SEAMEN'S SAVINGS BANKS. 
Resolved, That the Institutions for Savings, es- 
tablished in whole or in part for the benefit of 
seamen in several of the ports in this country, 
have proved themselves worthy of public confi- 
dence ; that we recommend merchants to advise 
seamen receiving wages, to deposit their money 
in Saving3 Institutions ; and we indulge the hope 
that our seafaring friends will avail themselves of 
these Institutions to save their hard earnings 
from the hands of the unprincipled persons wiio 
may yet be found in every port. 

SEAMEN'S CHURCHES. 

Resolved, That it is becoming more and more 
evident that seamen are as much in need as others 
of the stated ordinances of the gospel, as admin- 
istered in the Christian church ; and we respect- 
fully commend to the friends of seamen the in- 
quiry whether the interests of the cause do not 
require the establishment of distinct seamen's 
churches in all ports where they can be sustained. 

TEMPERANCE. 
Resolved, That our hearts are greatly rejoiced 
to hear of the success attending the total absti- 
nence movement among seamen > and we hope 
Marine Temperance Societies will be increased, 
on ship-board and on shore, until the tyrant do- 
minion of intemperance shall be forever expelled 
from the sea. 

The Secretary read letters received by him 
from Rev. John Kennady, of Wilmington, 
Del., recently appointed associate Secretary 
of the American Seamen's Friend Society, 
and Rev. Charles Samuel Stewart, chap- 
lain U. S. Nary, of New York, expressing 
their deep interest in the objects of the Con- 
vention, and their regret that they were com- 
pelled to be absent. 

Resolved, That the resolutions passed by this 
Convention be forwarded to the Sailor's Maga- 
zine and Sheet Anchor, and that other Editors 
friendly to the cause be requested to give them 
an insertion. 

The following gentlemen were appointed 
a Committee to call a future Convention, at 



such time and place as they may judge ex- 
pedient : 

Rev. H. BEST, Baltimore. 

'* C. W. DENISON, Boston. 

" O. DOUGLASS, Philadelphia. 

" II. CHASE, New York. 

" W. B. YATES, Charleston. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Convention be 
presented to the second Presbyterian Church for 
the use of their Session Room on this occasion. 

Adjourned, with prayer by the Rev. Dr. 
Breckenridge. 

J. S. TAYLOR, President. 
C. W. Dlnison, Secretary. 



Report of Gratuitous Distribution. 

TO THE FRIENDS OF THE OBJECT. 

In the progress of an agency, on behalf of 
the Sheet Anchor, in the interior of the 
State, commencing in the fall of 1843, I 
met with oft repeated instances of warm and 
generous devotion to the seamen's cause, in 
donations handed me by individuals, unso- 
licited, for the gratuitous distribution of the 
Sheet Anchor among seamen. 

Encouraged by these manifestations of in- 
terest, and of confidence, I became solicitous 
that an experiment should be made, in order 
to test the practical utility of gratuitous dis- 
tribution, and suggested to the Editor and 
Publisher, the formation of a Distributing 
Committee. My suggestion was acted on, 
and through their agency, the Committee 
was procured. 

It becomes my duty now, to report, for 
the information of the friends who have con- 
tributed to the object, the results of this ex- 
periment, as far as obtained. 

The entire collections, before and since 
the formation of the Committee, all of which 
have been reported in previous numbers of the 
Sheet Anchor, amount to the sum of $371 76. 

The gratuitous distribution commenced 
with No. 1, of the present volume; and the 
number of copies distributed has been in- 
creased from time to time, as funds have been 
collected, and fields opened, until the circu- 
lation, at the present time, amounts to 400 
copies. 

The channels through which your dona- 
tions have gone forth to bless the sailor, are 
as follows : The Bethel stations, Marine 
Temperance Society, members of the Dis- 
tributing Committee, the Custom House, and 
from the office of publication, in this city ; 
the Sailor's Home, &c, in New York ; the 
Bethel stations in Salem, New Bedford, Prov- 
idence and Baltimore ; and the friends of 
seamen at Nantucket. 

The circulation is to be increased 342 
copies, making in all 742; being two copies 
for every dollar received. The distribution 
henceforth will embrace such additional chan- 



nels of communication, as a careful survey 
of the whole field may bring to view, includ- 
ing among others, the following : The Ma- 
rine Temperance Society of New York ; 
Seamen's Preachers in New York, Philadel- 
phia, Charleston and New Orleans ; Custom 
Houses, Sailor's Homes, &c. 

With respect to the experiment as a whole, 
sufficient time has not yet elapsed, to furnish 
a full and satisfactory statement of the good 
accomplished. We are not, however, with- 
out encouragements to labor in this good 
work. From numerous sources we are hear- 
ing of the interest created by the introduc- 
tion of the Sheet Anchor among seamen — 
on ship-board, in the Sailor's Homes, and 
elsewhere. Among the testimonials verbal 
and written, are the following: 

ON SHIP-BOARD. 

In conversation with Captain H , of 

P , who had enjoyed a precious revival 

of religion, during his last voyage, in which 
several of the crew were hopefully converted 
to God, stated to me that several copies of 
the paper had been introduced on board his 
vessel, at the commencement of the voyage ; 
that they were read with the greatest interest 
by the crew, over and over again, and were 
decidedly happy in their influence upon all 
on board. 

IN THE SAILOR'S HOME. 

The following extract of a letter from a 
gentleman officially connected with the Amer- 
ican Seamen's Friend Society, at New York, 
and having much to do with the Sailor's 
Home, under the auspices of that society, is 
considered valuable testimony in favor of 
the work : 

" Your Sheet Anchor has become an important affair 
at the Sailor's Home, and no paper is more sought after, 
or more admired by sailors and sailor's friends. 1 sin- 
cerely hope it may never get foul ; if properly let go, 
and in good holding ground, it will never fail to bring 
Jack up all standing." 

It should be borne in mind that the aver- 
age number of seamen boarding at the Sail- 
or's Home in New York, is about 200 ; af- 
fording a fair opportunity for judging the 
probable effect of the experiment as far as 
the Sailor's Home is concerned. 

In submitting the foregoing report, the 
subscriber would express his grateful ac- 
knowledgements to the many friends it has 
been his happiness to fall in with, during his 
year of agency, and through whose kind hos- 
pitality and friendly aid, he has been enabled, 
by the Divine blessing, to make an experi- 
ment which promises to be of much benefit 
to the sons of the ocean. In his future la- 
bors, in connection with the Sheet Anchor, 
he will aim to promote this object to the ex- 
tent that divine Providence may clearly indi- 
cate to be duty. 

We have " cast your bread upon the wa- 
ters," and shall continue to do so, until the 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



175 



means put into our hands are expended. — 
We are now waiting the coming in of the 
waves, to gather up the result. As fast as 
they are obtained, you shall have them in the 
columns of the Sheet 'Anchor. Meanwhile 
we commend to you this cherished object, and 
ask your continued interest and unceasing 
prayers in its behalf. 

Your servant, in the seamen's cause, 

T. V. Sullivan. 



THI &OCKIH. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 



NAVAL. 

U. S. ship Macedonian, Com. Perry, was at 
Palmas, Grand Canary Island, Sept. 2— all well. 
The ship was bound to Cape de Verds, to meet 
the U. S. brig Truxton. 

The Mexican man-of-war brig Santa Anna, 
sailed from Vera Cruz, Oct. 6, for New York. 

U. S. sloops of war Falmouth and Vandalia, 
and steamer Union, remained atPensacola, about 
the 20th Sept. 

U. S. sloop of war Warren, was at Tahiti, 
June 19. 

U. S. frigate Congress, was at Rio Janeiro, 
Sept. 12, to sail in three or four days for River 
of Plate. 

Naval Court Martials.— This Court met 
lately, when Mr. Hoban read the defence of Lit. 
West, late commander of the United States brig 
Somers, who was charged before the Court with 
intoxication. The defence took about an hour 
in delivery. The Court went into deliberation, 
and the room was cleared. 

The Court at Washington, was, at the latest 
accounts, engaged in the trial of Midshipman 
Agaligan Cook, charged with scandalous conduct, 
in purloining two sums of money, tending to the 
destruction of good morals in the service. 

The decision in the case of seaman Richard 
Muzzleton, tried for an assault on Midshipman 
Bohrer, is, that said Muzzleton be reprimanded, 
and that the Midshipman be censured, it being 
proved that that officer first made the assault on 
the sailor. 

[official.] 

Treasury Department, October 31, 1844. 

The receipts into the Treasury for the quarter 

ending the 30th of September last, were, as 

nearly as can be ascertained, as follows, viz : 

From Customs, about $10,750,000 

" Lands, « 450,000 

" Miscellaneous sources, 25,000 



The expenditures for the same 
period were 



$ 11,225,000 
57,233,844 



The Midas. — The steam schooner Midas, just 
built at New York, for R. B. Forbes, Esq., of 
Boston, for the China trade, and fitted with Erics- 
son's propeller and engines, mafde her first trial 
excursion in New York harbor, during the storm 
of Monday afternoon. To the astonishment of 
all who witnessed her performances, on being 
put head to wind, she made seven miles an hour, 



notwithstanding her machinery was before alto- 
gether untried, and this was the first time she had 
been under way. This is the first steam vessel 
ever built in the United States, intended to trade 
to the East of the Cape of Good Hope. She is 
commanded by Capt. VVm. Poor. Her machine- 
ry has been constructed at the most liberal ex- 
pense, and she exhibits a strength and symmetry 
which indicate that she will prove an admirable 
sea boat. 

Double- Headed Shot Keys. — The Captain of 
the bark Robert Morris, arrived at New Orleans, 
reports that when off the Double-Headed Shot 
Keys, he saw a signal of distress flying from the 
light-house. He lay to, and was boarded by a 
boat, who reported that all the inhabitants were 
in a state of starvation — relieved them with beef, 
bread, medicine, Sic. 

Boat Aground. — Three men probably drown- 
ed. The Emerald, a steam boat plying between 
Buffalo and Chippewa, as it was coming up, got 
aground on the reef at the head of the Black 
Rock pier, about noon. In the effort to get out 
the anchor, the small boat with the mate and two 
men in it. upset and went down the rapids, all 
three clinging to it. A raft was hastily construct- 
ed, and the captain started in pursuit. As he 
got down by the beach it became evident that he 
could do nothing; he threw a line ashore and 
was hauled in to the land. Two boats then put 
out as speedily as possible, but it is feared that 
the men belonging to the Emerald perished be- 
fore assistance could reach them. 

ftj* The Coroner of Buffalo has reported the 
names of thirty persons drowned in the late gale, 
over whom inquests have been held. In addition 
to these, some twenty-five are missing. 

fjy There was a terrific gale at Key West, 
Flor., on the 4th ult. The destruction of prop- 
erty was immense, and it is supposed that many 
lives were lost. 

fX/^The Norfolk Beacon says, that Martin 
Freeman, a free colored man, belonging to Maine, 
attempted to stab Capt. Le.nont, of the brig Cas- 
co, lying at the Navy Yard, Gosport. He suc- 
ceeded in stabbing Richard Serle, the mate of 
the Casco, between the fifth and sixth ribs. It 
was feared that the wound would prove mortal, 
but the next day he was considered better. Free- 
man made his escape from the vessel, but a war- 
rant was issued for his apprehension. 

Items from Wilmer & Smith's European Times. 

Steam Ship Great Britain. — A report is now 
current in England, that this magnificent vessel 
is just about to be released from her confinement. 
Our private accounts from Bristol state, that an 
amicable arrangement had been made with the 
Bristol Dock Company, for taking down the walls, 
to enable her to pass through the locks ; and it is 
expected that she will float into the basin forth- 
with, and into the river sometime in November. 
Her dates of sailing, when they are fixed, will 
be given in the columns of this paper. It is not 
improbable, however, during the winter months, 
she may remain in a state of inactivity — either at 
London or Liverpool — ready to start on her At- 
lantic career with the early dawnings of Spring. 



Dispatch.— The ship Lady Milton, sailed from 
Liverpool to Quebec on the 10th of Augnst, dis- 
charged and took in a cargo of timber at that 
port, and arrived again in Liverpool in 02 days. 

Iron Life Boat.— An iron life boat, built at 
Havre, by subscription, the reservoir of air in 
which is divided into three compartments, so that 
any accident happening to one would not destroy 
ice buoyancy ; self-acting valves, and other appli- 
ances, is said to prevent the possibility of her 
swamping. 

05** A Spanish vessel, passing Europa Point, 
Gibraltar, without showing her colors, two shots 
were fired into her, to remind those on board of 
their neglect. Paying no attention to the inti- 
mation, and believing themselves to be out of the 
reach of their guns, a gun of a larger calibre was 
fired, which struck the vessel, and immediately 
sunk her. Fortunately for the crew, a Portu- 
guese vessel was near, into which they got, and 
saved their lives. 

Piract. — The ship Royal Consort, which has 
arrived in the St. Catharine's dock, from Batavia, 
had on board the captain and crew of the Bel- 
gian ship Le Charles, with their baggage, con- 
sisting of about one hundred packages, their ves- 
sel having been attacked and captured by pirates 
at sea, in consequence of which, they were oblig- 
ed to seek protection, and obtained a passage on 
board the Royal Consort, on their way to their 
native country. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

TiUNITT HOUSE, QtTEREC, > 

August 16, 1844. J 
A light-house having been erected on the West end 
of the Island of Biquet, in the river St. Lawrence, no- 
tice is hereby given, that a revolving light of the first 
class was shown thereon, for the first time, on the 9th 
day of August j and that the 6aid light will continue to 
be shown every night, from sunset to sunrise, from the 
15th of April to the 15th of December in each vear. 
The tower is seventy feet high, and the light stands one 
hundred and thirty feet above the level of the sea, the 
North West Shoal bearing from it West due West a 
mile and a half. This light will revolve at regulated in- 
tervals of two minutes. A nine pounder gun is placed 
near the light house, and will be fired every hour during 
foggy weather and snow storms. 



DISASTERS AT SEA. 

The brig Saratoga, of Middletown, Conn., captain Be- 
del, from Mew York for Apalachicola, with an assorted 
cargo, was totally lost off Orange Key, 3d ult. Mr. 
Simonton, 2d male, and Samuel Smith, passenger, arriv- 
ed at Boston, in the bark Zaida. The following persons 
were on board the S., and all no doubt perished: Pas- 
sengers, Capt. E. G. Wood, Capt. John Perkins, Donald 
Campbell, Mrs. Larkin and two children, Mrs. Fitzgerald, 
Mr. Hewins, M. Markham, Charles McKinney, wife and 
child, and two Germans in the steerage. 

Also, Capt. Bedel, six colored seamen, steward and 
boy ■, the latter white. 

Brig Canary, hence, for Wilmington, N. C, is stated 
by the steamer Alabama, at IS 1 ew Orleans, to have run 
into the A. The captain and three hands got on board 
the steamer ; one hand lowered the brig's boat and got 
adrift without oars, and the night being very dark, was 
not again seen j another, a Portuguese, was asleep below 
at the time. Every exertion was made on board the 
steamer to save them without avail. The mate of the 
Alabama, accompanied by the captain of the Canary 
went in a boat and were close to the brig when she cap- 
sized on her beam ends, and appeared to be sinking. 
The steamer escaped with loss of bowsprit. 



176 



SHEET ANCHOR, 




ROCK FORT, ON THE ILLINOIS RIVER. 

This is an elevated cliff on the left bank of the Illinois, consisting of parallel layers of white sand stone. It is 
not less than 250 feet high, perpendicular on three sides, and washed at its base by the river. On the fourth side it 
is connected with the adjacent ranye of hills by a narrow peninsular ledye, which can only be ascended by a pre- 
cipitous, winding path. The summit of this rock is If'vel, and contains about three-fourths of an acre. It is cover- 
ed with a soil of several feet in depth, bearing a growth of young trees. Strong and almost inaccessible by nature, 
this natural battlement has been still further fortified by the Indians, and many years ago was the scene of a des- 
perate conflict between the Pottawattotnies, and one band of the Illinois Indians. — Family Magazine, JV. Y. 




TWITS SS<!>2S>'Sr KST^ITa 

The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
pat it asunder. 



In Fall River, 14-th ult., Mr. Sadhack Schoi.es to 
Miss Abby Brnnett. 

In Bath. Me.. Capt Samuel Snow to Miss Sarah 
B., daughter of Gen J. McL.EM.Aif. 

In Bnothhay, Capt. John C Pool, of Eastport, to 
MiBs Maroakkt S. Knight. 

At Cape Elizabeth, 3d ult., Capt. Milton Dver to 
Miss Ellen Jordan. 




THB LAST V07AGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sadden perils on its craving brink. 
Header! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea? 



At St. Mary's, Gen , 10th ult., Capt. Alexander M. 
Staples, or Portland, Me., master of b:irk Walga. 

On board ship Alhambra, of Boston, on the passage 
from Liverpool to New Orleans, Mr. Wm. Waimile, 2d 
officer, of Troy, N. Y. His death was occasioned by 
falling into the hold of the vessel. 

On board brig Selma, of Portsmouth, Sept. 23, off 
Isle Vacho, of yellow fever, Joseph Owens, of St. 
Mary's, Md. 1st officer. 

At Valparaiso, Mr. Francis E. Baker, late sailing 
master U. S. ship Cyane. 

Lost overboard! from schr. Illuminator, from Prospect 
for Ee/erly, Cn vni.ts B. Devkrkux, of Prospect, Me. 



GENERAL AGENT 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN. Boston, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rkv. STLAS B \1LKY, of Dorchest>r. 
GKORGF, L. COBURN, New Haven, Conn. 

Institutions for Seamen in the United States. 

Saving's Banks for Seamen. — New York. No. 
71, Wall Street. Open every tiay (Sundays excepted,) 
betw.-en \"Z and 2 o'clock. 

Portland. South corner of the Mariner's Church, 
(up stairs.) 

Buxton. Tremont Street. Open daily, (Sundays ex- 
cepted,) from 1" to 2 o'clock. 

New Haven. In the building of the N. Haven Bank. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street, Rev. Henry Chase. 186 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets* Kev. 
I. K. Stewart. Kpise.opal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, (Cast River, Rev B. C. (.*. Parker. Methiidiat 
Kpiscopal ( 'hurch, Cherry, near Clinton Street. 

Portland. Kev.G. W. Bourne. Rxchange Hall. 

Boston, Mariner's C hurch. Fort Hill, Rev. Iianiel M. 
Lord ; Bethel Church, i\orth Square, Rev. R T. Taylor. 
" Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles VV. Uenisnn, 
Commercial Siieet, corner of Lewis. KIder J. \V. 
Holm in, over Qtiincy Market. 

Salem. Chapel. Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark. N, J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philidelpkia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 
0. Douiflass. Shippen. cor Swanson -, Rev J. S. Taslor. 

Seamen's Bethel Union, Rast side ol Front Street, be- 
tween Spruce and Pin«: Rev Thos. Porter. Missionary. 

Baltimore. Fell** Point, Allisanna St., Rev. H. Beet. 

Buffalo. Rev. V. l>. Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Oswego. Rev. F. Pierre. 

Rorkftts. Va. Rev. A. Mehane. 

Savannah. Penfield Manner's Ch., Rev.G. White, 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-HOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established byihe Boe- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kepi by l);miel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's Hou«e. under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead. 2-6 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Qutn, Jr., No. 18 North Bennet» Street. 

Maktin Barnes, Jr.. Ann Street, corner ol Langdon 
Place. Salisbury, No. t'O Commercial Street. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Hosmer, No. 
51 Norih Mr>rkct SL*eet, 



Da vi n Cimffin, 77 l . Commercial Street. 

Mrs Street, 2C9 Ann Stieet. 

A < i. \kk, i i^orth Square. 

J. R. Taylor, 40 Southac St., for colored seamen. 

Salem. F.henezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mrs. 
Greenleaf. Becket Street, near Deib_> Street. 

Portland, Me. — **e. mini's Mansion, hy H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua P» Plnpps. Seamen's Mansion. 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea* 
men's Friend Sncieti . No. 190, ( 'nerry Street, between 
Market and Pike Slree?.* 
/'apt. Roland Gelsiop. No. 3i-'0. Pearl Street. 

Other Roardinir-Hoiise.- in New York City. Johtf 
McLellan.154 Chern Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by WS^. 
Powell, fil Cherry Street. 

Providence, II I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South U'nl-'i Slreet. 

Charleston. Capt, Hamilton ,23 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, N. H. Charles R. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Row *»trc* ts. Sorinp Hill 

Philadelphia Sailor's Home. (F.aetbitrn Honse,)No. 
10, Lorn hat dp Street near f'rr.nt Slreet Sam'J Room. 
under tlie rare of the Female Seamen's !■ riend Societv. 

Sailor's Heme, N. W. corner of I nion and Front 
StP.. bv Wm Hammond, under thecare ol the Seamen's- 
Friend Society 

Buffalo. N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street. 
Capt. Halrolm 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union on<j 
Cherrv Streets. 

Balfinvrr. Captain Wm Robertson, No. 39 Thame* 
Street, Fell's Point. 



American Seamen's Frirml Society. 

(Communications relating to the penpral concerns M 
the American Seamen's Friend Society, should be di- 
rected to Capt. Rowahd R i cha kdson . President an<3 
General Agent or to Rev John Spauliunc, Financial 
Serietnry, No. 71 . Wall Strrrt 

Donations in aid of the funds, may be sent to Chas. 
N Tai bmt, Treasurer, ISo. 6ft Snuff] Street, or to the 
office of the Society, No. 71, Wall Street, New York. 

Sailor's Magazine. — The Sailor's Mapaxine is 
puhlifhed bv the American Seamen's Friend Society, 
at their offire No. 71. Wall Street. New York, and r« 
devoied to the improvement of the social and moral 
condition of seamen. It is issued ntonihlv ; contains 
thirtv-twn pages octavo. Price £1 JO, a year) payable 
in advance. 






IN ITS PLAIN AND FANCY VARIETY, 

NEATLY KXF.CUTED AT THE 

SHEET ANCHOR OFFICE. 



% 0umZ? 




" Which hope we hare 



as an anchor of the soul." 



JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. ; : : : : V: ::::.: ::":::::::: : REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1844. 



No. 23. 



SHEBT AI€H©E. 

[OFFICE, 39 MEHOHANTS ROW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANCE. 

to HUMAN1TV to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR' A YEAR, IN ADVAHCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers, and remit 
the money, 6hall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
aime proportion for larger numbers. 

AGENTS. 
8EAMB\'S CHAPLAINS: ) 

KEEPEItS OF SAILORS' HOMES. $"" LA " PACE ' 

JKf See list of- names on last page. 



w 






ST^ 



M A. . 

"Wonders In the deep." 



[We ^ive helow an extract from a serins of works now in 
progress of jmhiication.by Mr. J. Putnam, 81 Cnrnhill, called 
" Stories of the Sou "— eilite I by the Editor of the Sheet An- 
chor No. one is Cii led w Olo Slaot. j or Fifteen Yenrs Ad- 
ventures of a Sailor." Sec further notice under the editorul 
head.] 

CHAPTER XI. 

Shall we, whose souls are lighted 

By wisdom from on high, 
Shall we. to men benighted, 

The lamp of hie deny ? 

Heber. 

Our next place of sojourn was the Naviga- 
tor Islands. This is a cluster worthy of great 
attention-. It is a very inviting field for 
Christian missionaries. The largest of the 
group is a splendid island. At the time we 
were there, a small island, at the leeward, 
was at war with the rest. It was thought 
that the chief of that island would eventually 
conquer the whole group. But this war did 
not injure our operations. Mr. Marinna 
turned it to good account. He furnished 
arms and ammunition, of which we had great 
quantities, to the best advantage. We would 
sell a musket, costing us a dollar and a quar- 
ter at the Sandwich Islands, for sixteen large 
grunters, averaging from a hundred to a hun- 
dred and fifty pounds each. They never 
disputed our prices. And such muskets ! 
They would be more likely to kill the firer 
than the firee. For a thimbleful of powder, 
and one ball, we obtained a small squealer — 
for roasting — plump as a dumpling, and fat 



as butter. One flint brought us a pair of 
fine v large fowls. Four large blue beads pro- 
cured a dozen of hen's eggs. Trinkets, of 
the most trifling character, would bring us 
loads of bannanas, plantains, and fruits of all 
kinds. They used to throw us these on board, 
and when we threw a bead in return, if it 
fell in the water, down they plunged after it, 
like a shark after his prey. Tortoise shell 
was abundant. A piece that would bring me 
in China three dollars, I traded for with a 
small cluster of beads. Every thing else was 
in proportion. 

Mr. Marinna was induced to go on shore. 
Several native chiefs were left on board as 
hostages. lie was .< lie first friendly Euro- 
pean who had ever landed on that island. 
He had .with him two interpreters — natives of 
the group, whom he had picked up at Wal- 
lace Islands. I lent him a pair of duelling 
pistols, and the boat was well armed. Three 
of the principal chiefs accompanied the party, 
to introduce th'em in state to the " Eriki La 
La Opi ti Oti," — or head chief of the group. 
He was a fine old fellow for a savage — a man, 
like other kings, spending much of his time 
in fighting and planning wars. He received 
Mr. Marinna with distinguished considera- 
tion — the two interpreters representing him 
as a great ruler from the Sandwich Islands. 
His hotel, at Oahu, was regarded by them as 
a gorgeous palace — where the Fuka Popa 
Langa, or the chiefs of die white man's ships, 
were feasting every day. They supposed he 
fed them for nothing, and formed the most 
august ideas of his consequence. 

On departing from the old chief, our party 
received many presents — such as hogs, fruits, 
and useful articles. Some beautiful mats 
were presented, which I think of now with 
pleasure. They covered our floors, some of 
them ten or fifteen feet square, of the most 
delicate texture and modest colors. The 
tapa cloth is splendid in the extreme. This 
is made of the bark of a tree, pounded skil- 
fully, and prepared with real science. The 
sound of the clubs in pounding, while the 
native women keep tune with one another, is 
not unpleasant to the ear. The men, mean- 



while, are preparing their war clubs, spears, 
and other implements of destruction, or build 
and repair their canoes. 

It was our intention to water here. The 
streams came down most invitingly from the 
hills. We could see the clean sheets of 
water from our ship, dashing from the cliffs 
and meandering through the vallies, on their 
quiet way to the sea. The white man's eye 
seldom rests on these limpid springs. Be- 
side and among them the black man wanders 
in solitary grandeur. His children play on 
the heights, and leap into the streams, as if 
that little group of islands, far off in the deep, 
were all the world to them. The good man, 
from a Christian land, may be. of great use 
there. As he passes toward the coast of 
Japan, or over the fishing ground of the 
whale, let him' think of these savages of the 
seas. Should he approach them rightly — 
with the glow of kindness on his cheek, 
heavenly love beaming in his eye, and pure 
ardor kindled in his heart, — he will be well 
received, and, cannot fail of doing a good 
work among them. This may be looked 
upon as only the opinion of a sailor ; but it 
is an opinion formed on the spot, and after 
some experience among different nations of 
the globe. 

We set sail from the Navigator's under 
pleasing auspices. The day was splendid. 
I shall never forget it. A ten knot breeze 
was blowing, that bore us swiftly from the 
shore. As the land receded from view, hill 
after hill, tree after tree, sinking in the dis- 
tance, I felt as if I were leaving home. The 
natives had been so kind, courting our friend- 
ship, and showering their island favors upon 
us, that I seemed to be parting from bosom 
friends. Many a heart there beat more gen- 
erously toward me, a lone wanderer over 
life's stormy waves, than I have often found 
among the civilized and professedly christ- 
ianized circles in which I have moved. Oh I 
how strange it is that man, who is so frail 
and dependent, should so be the foe of hi* 
brother ! 

It is melancholy to think that these dis- 
tant isles, so lovely, so healthful, so abundant 



v^wfrSrtv; 



•V4> 



178 



SHEET ANCHOR 



in the fruits of the earth, shall become ac- 
quainted with the white man only to be curs- 
ed by the acquaintance. The rum cup will 
be a strange visiter to those rippling brooks. 
It will dip its brim beneath those breezy 
waves, only to bear a torrent of fire among 
the ignorant natives. The song of the bac- 
chanalian will sound wildly amid the hills 
and dales of the sequestered islanders. Ruin, 
want, crime, guilt and shame, will stalk there 
in unwonted forms, to ravage and destroy. 
I look back on the scenes I passed with that 
benighted people, and feel a crrtll at my heart 
as I look. How shall they fall before the cu- 
pidity and cunning of men from Christian 
shores ! How shall they perish miserably, 
ere a few chosen men of God o-o amono- them, 
with their lives in their hands ! I turn away 
saddened from the thought, leaving the brief 
appeal of the sailor to work what good it can. 

THI BUOY. 

TEMF3RANOE : the Buoy that always floats in cold 
water, and shows where tho Anchor is. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Jack and the Pledge. 

" ' Tis one thing to sign the pledge, and 
another to keep it," said Jack to a little knot 
of staunch teetotallers, who were discussing 
the merits of the grog tub upon the orlop 
deck of one of our seventy-fours one eve- 
ning. 

" Aye, aye," responded half a dozen 
Toices, " we understand that business ; the 
keeping of the pledge depends upon the na- 
ture of the motives which induce men to 
sign it ; if you sign the temperance pledge 
because you believe the cause of temperance 
is a good cause, and deserves your counte- 
nance and support, there is little danger but 
that you will keep it as long as you honestly 
maintain these views. If you join in the 
temperance work because you love it, be- 
cause you know it has been a good friend to 
you, because you know that it is your only 
safeguard against the sparkling cup of the 
angel of darkness, you never can break your 
vow until you have obliterated these solid 
truths from your mind." 

" True enough," replied the skeptical short 
jacket, " but I've seen men aboard this ship 
sign the pledge for the purpose of currying 
favor with the officers, or perhaps for the pur- 
pose of obtaining their liberty, and as soon 
as they get on shore, you'll find these same 
men in some dirty grog shop, and drunk in 
less than half an hour. As long as such 
chaps sign the pledge, you don't catch me to 
put my name there." 

" Well, Jack, we'll admit the truth of what 
you say respecting the infidelity of some on 
board to the pledge; but does it, after all, 
prove any thing against the signing? Ap- 



pearances would seem to indicate, surely, that 
those you speak of, were influenced by base 
motives ; but He who is the searcher of all 
hearts, and from whom no secrets are hid, 
can alone judge rightly. You admit that the 
cause of temperance has done much good, 
and that it would be much better for all on 
board if the liquor ration was stricken from 
the list." 

The fact is, Jack was emphatically a prac- 
tical temperance man; he had never indulg- 
ed in the use of intoxicating beverages, but 
he never could be persuaded to sign the tem- 
perance pledge. He, like many on shore, 
withheld a large portion of his influence from 
the cause of temperance, because, compara- 
tively speaking, a few hypocrites and false 
dissemblers, have pretended to enlist in its 
favor. If there are wolves in sheep's cloth- 
ing prowling about to satiate their hungry 
appetites upon this good cause, there is so 
much the more need of a plentiful supply of 
faithful shepherds to guide, and guard the 
flock. We would censure none for not join- 
ing our pledge, but we would appeal in the 
language of kindness, to those good men and 
true who drink no intoxicating liquors, whose 
names are not upon the pledge, to enrol them 
there the first opportunity that presents itself 
for so doing. Then there will be no need of 
your defining your position occasionally in 
relation to temperance •'your name is there, 
and it tells its story ; the moderate drinkers 
will not have you for a post to lean upon when 
tlieir appetites have got the better of their 
judgments, or in common parlance when they 
are a little intoxicated. You sail in one boat, 
and let them sail in another. Sign the pledge, 
and by so doing, you will strengthen the good 
resolutions of your weaker brother, who is 
striving with might and main to break away 
from his maddening appetite. Sign the 
pledge, and the drunkard's child shall bless 
you, as it points its erring parent to your ex- 
ample, as an incentive for him to go and do 
likewise. /v-? 3 

For tho Sheet Anchor. 

Be Consistent. 

In a voyage I once made to South Ameri- 
ca, I shipped a crew on total abstinence prin- 
ciples; the conditions being inserted in the 
shipping articles. 

My motive for such a course, was purely 
benevolent. I sincerely thought that liquor 
to a laboring man in health, was in all cir- 
cumstances injurious. Having full confi- 
dence in my opinion being correct, I acted 
upon it; and told my crew at the time of 
shipping, my motives for withholding liquor 
from them, in which they appeared heartily 
to concur. 

They behaved nobly all the passage out ; 
no complaint was heard, and not a wish ex- 



pressed for grog. In bad weather, hot coffee 
was served out in place of whiskey, and all 
hands appeared to be well satisfied with the 
substitute. 

When we came to discharge cargo — it be- 
ing excessively hot— I felt no little solicitude 
with regard to the result of the experiment I 
was making. I watched with considerable 
anxiety its progress ; knowing full well, that 
if my men were able to discharge the vessel 
without grog, they could do without it on the 
coast of America in mid winter. The idea 
being quite as common among seamen as 
landsmen, that rum is as necessary to keep 
out the heat as the cold. 

One day the steward told me that the crew 
had' lost their appetites, and did not make 
half a meal. I inquired, " What is the mat- 
ter ? are they sick ?" " Not exactly sick, 
sir ;" he replied, " but they say its killing 
for a man to work at the 'fall,' and in the 
' hold,' in such a climate as this, without 
grog ; and that it is enough to take away any 
man's appetite !" Here was.a head flaw, that 
threatened to knock me off my course, and 
defeat my benevolent design. I went for- 
ward immediately, and found the crew lyincr 
on the deck, under the awning, and their food 
by their side untouched. I questioned them 
in regard to their health, and became satisfi- 
fied, that most, if not all that had been told 
me was true. 

I next went to the cook, and he confirmed 
what the steward had stated, and added that 
there was some grumbling among the crew 
about there being so much grog aft, where 
they did no work, and none forward ; and 
also a free expression of opinion, that mine 
was a very questionable benevolence. 

I waked up. The inconsistencies of my 
course for the first time flashed across my 
mind, and my occasional indulgence in wine, 
and sometimes strong drink, now appeared 
to give the lie to my professions of tempe- 
rance. What was to be done 1 Benevolence 
prompted to my making the experiment, and 
the plainest dictates of benevolence demand- 
ed that I should alter my course. 

But how alter it ? By throwing all the 
liquor on board into the sea, and in so doinf, 
cut off the supply for officers, as well as men, 
and place all on board on the same tempe- 
rance level ? The idea never once entered 
my head, that such would be benevolence. 
Oh, no! "they thai are whole need no phy- 
sician, but they that are sick ;" and it must 
be given as a medicine. We, aft, were the 
physicians ; and, (strange reasoning enough) 
we thought that the more of the medicine 
we took as physicians, the better for us! 

In a word — I came to the conclusion, that 
either there must be a difference in the con- 
stitutions of officers and crew, or that liquor 
was'needful for'both ; to the one in health, 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



179 



to the other in sickness. I changed my 
course accordingly; and that very noon time 
commenced giving for dinner grog, a wine 
glass of brandy from the cabin stores — there 
being no liquor provided for the use of the 
crew. 

The effect was electrical. Their appetites 
returned, and with it their cheerfulness and 
physical energy, which had all along been 
sensibly abating. With brandy appetite, and 
brandy cheerfulness, and brandy strength, 
they ate, they laughed, and joked, and work- 
ed, like new creatures. 

But did it last? No! It was like "the 
morning cloud and early dew." It quickly 
passed away. The fact was, they were suf- 
fering from previous habits of intemperance, 
which had injured their health. And now, 
under the influence of a hot climate, they 
gave way. Had they been perfectly tempe- 
rate men from the first, they would not have 
required artificial strength to fit them tor their 
work. Here was the result of our experi- 
ment originating in benevolence, which, like 
all others of the same kind, made in igno- 
rance of the great laws of man's physical 
and moral nature, terminated unsuccessfully. 

I have no doubt my crew were confirmed 
in their intemperate habits, by the course 
adopted on this occasion. I have therefore 
noted down in my chart of life, to guide me 
in all my future temperance course, the fol- 
lowing truth: — The effect of intoxicating 
liquor on the laboring man, and upon the 
man that docs not labor, is the same; and is 
alike fatal to both. And further — that tem- 
perance must begin aft, if it is ever to pre- 
vail forward. 

Consistency, then, is the motto. 

Fore and Aft. 



around the paternal hearth-stone, and in the by one shot from its battery, have sunk us 
warm embraces of a wife's or a mother's love. : into the depths of the sea. 
And how beautiful as well as beneficent these j Coming to the fishing ground, we cast an- 
friendly cressets! As we sail now, under a f chor, and all hands turn to anil fish. After 
fine breeze this lovely evening, over this blue ; hauling in quite a Dumber of the inhabitants 
and billowy sea, beneath the azure-arched , of the deep, we find that our appetites have 



sky, where the stars hold their peaceful vigils, 
and the growing moon walks in splendor 



been wrought up to such a degree, that some- 
thing in the shape of eatable matter would 



along her nightly path, I know of nothing j do more good than hurt. So takino- up the 

anchor, we are soon on our way tmards 
Spectacle Island, with a fresh breeze, and by 
the help of all sail, are soon able to land there. 
If any one has ever enjoyed the pleasure 
of preparing, and then, by the help of a keen 
appetite, occasioned by the bracing air of the 
sea, demolishing a " fry" or chowder, he 
can form some idea of the enjoyment we had 



that can add such soft and tranquil beauty 
to the scene, as that Boston Light we are 
leaving behind us, 

" Looking lovely as Hope, 
The star on eternity's ocean. '' 

What a place for meditation is this ! You 
have here not only the broad unobstructed 
arch of the heavens, filled with all their in- 



numerable lamps, hanging over you, but the on this occasion. After sundry small delays, 



A safe ani pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 

[rj*Our friend Rev. S. P. HiLr., of Baltimore, fur- 
nished some excellent reflections for the Boston Christ- 
ian W Uchman, while on a lour of observation in the 
Cutter Hamilton. We wish we had roooi for all of the 
article of which we give a part : 

A Landsman's Cruise. 

I told you, friend C, that we were on an 
excursion to the Light Houses. This is an 
important public duty, in which it is a pleas- 
ure to participate. How very beneficent it 
is to have such beacou lights established, at 
every prominent point of our perilous coast; 
and how admirable are the uses of govern- 
ment, when employed to guard thus, the in- 
terests and lives of that large portion of our 
fellow-countrymen, 

" Whose march is on the mountain wave, 
Whose home'"' 

is still on the loved spot, and among the 
gweet scenes where they sported in childhood, 



sea, the wide, the far-stretching sea; and 
what object can compare for grandeur and 
sublimity with this? " This great and wide 
sea, wherein are things creeping innumera- 
ble," and whereon, the gems of night are 
showering their sparkling brilliancy, as each 
successive and far-coming wave, throws up 
its azure bosom to their celestial glance. — 
With a little variation of that fine verse of 
old George Herbert, we might exclaim, 

'- Sweet night, so cool, so calm, so bright. 
The bridal of the sea and sky." 

These open, noble-hearted sailors! I have 
always loved the sailor. From my earliest 
recollections, he won my heart. My brothers 
were sailors, and the mortal part o( one now 
sleeps among the coral caves of ocean. In- 
dependently of this, there is much in the 
character of this class of men, that I dearly 
love. I regard them with peculiar interest, 
every where, and at all times. They are so 
kind and generous. I think that I can find 
a way to their hearts too, sooner than to that 
of most men. They are not so buried up in 
the cares, or so practised in the deceit of the 
world. 

Boston Harbor. 

This beautiful harbor, which lies out be- 
fore our gaze, is not by any means devoid of 
interest. Starting, with a gentle breeze from 
the south-west, in the capacious and safe boat 
" Alborak," we find ourselves speeding away 
majestically on the " ocean wave." 

On the one hand is Fort Independence, 
while on the other, your eye meets the large 
white building on Thompson's Island, called 
the " Farm School." On turning your eyes 
back, you behold the far famed metropolis of 
New England, with its towering spires and 
its forests of masts. Continuing our course, 
we run to windward of Long Island, with its 
light-house, and pass nearly opposite to Nix's 
Mate, a monument lying on a sunken island, 
which has long since become a matter of ro- 
mance. A little farther on is a formidable 
fort, situated on George's Island, which could, 



which seemed to last ages, every thing was 
ready, knives and forks were put in imme- 
diate requisition, and ample justice was done 
to the feast which met our eyes. Notwith- 
standing all that has been said about the old 
adage — "too many cooks spoil the broth," 
it was not true in this case ; for all turned 
to, after the chief cook had done his duty, 
and each one seemed to make it his endeavor 
to cook something as different as possible 
from his neighbor. 

With a smacking breeze, we started fur 
home, all sail set, our boat ploughing the 
waves like a steam boat, and all holding ou 
to prevent going down to leeward. Coming 
in to the wharf, she was rounded to in fine 
style, and jumping ashore, we left the boat 
in the hands of the pilot and skipper, and 
thus ended our fishing excursion in Boston 
harbor. « w „ 



THE LOG BOOX. 

"A Map of busy life." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

The Lost Brig. 

In the month of November, 1S30, a brig 
from the Mediterranean, with a cargo com- 
posed in part of rags, bound for Boston, was 
beating into Massachusetts Bay. It wag 
night, in the midst of a severe north-east 
snow storm. The night was very dark, and 
thick with the driving snow. When the brig 
got abreast of Cape Ann light, the captain 
concluded to run into Gloucester harbor, and 
anchor for the remainder of the night, deem- 
ing it madness to attempt to make Boston 
during the gale. He therefore tacked, and 
stood for the light. This light house stands 
on what is called " Ten Pound Island," at 
the entrance to the inner harbor of Glouces- 
ter, and inside what is called Eastern Point, 
a promontory familiar to seamen who have 
entered Massachusetts Bay, and running out 
into the sea, far beyond the island. The 






180 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



captain thought the light he. saw was on the 
point, and accounted for the non-appearance 
of the island light by supposing that the dark- 
ness of the night prevented him from seeing 
it; when, in fact, there was but one light 
there, the one he saw, and that on the island, 
directly behind the point. 

Not long after he tacked ship, the vessel 
went under full head-way upon the breakers, 
on the south-eastern side of the point, an 
ugly looking place even in a calm, but ter- 
rific when lashed into foam by the raging 
fury of the elements. The brig soon went 
to pieces among the rocks ; and all, save two 
of the crew, met an awful death. These 
two individuals were scarcely saved ; for after 
reaching the shore they were obliged to walk 
a mile in the deep snow, wet and cold, before 
they reached a human dwelling, narrowly es- 
caping freezing. The news of the disaster 
was known through the town the next morn- 
ing, and scores of boats put off through the 
floating rags to pick up the dead bodies of 
the seamen, several of whom were found and 
brought on shore. 

I visited the wharf, and entered the low 
shed where they were stretched, stiff and cold 
in the arms of death. Sad were my feelings, 
though then a boy, while gazing upon those 
noble forms, so athletic and robust, frozen 
stiff in the very attitudes in which they met 
the " King of terrors ;" scarred, bruised and 
mutilated, far away from home, kindred and 
friends. Poor souls ! No fond wife was near 
to wipe the death-damp from your brows. — 
No tender mo'ther to support with love's own 
hands your dying heads — no sister's prayers, 
no brother's farewell — no tears were shed 
when you departed. None of the consola- 
tions of religion were offered to sustain and 
cheer you, but the howling tempest, the moan- 
ing surge, the blackening clouds, and the 
eye of God, alone, witnessed your death. — 
Strangers saw you laid away in the grave, in 
a strange land. There, dead seamen ! rest 
in peace, till the trumpet's blast shall shake 
your tombs, and bid you rise to meet your 
God. 

This little incident is the history of many 
of old ocean's sons. And it has its moral 
for them. They are voyaging along the sea 
of human life, perhaps in sight of port and 
home, when their frail bark is assailed with 
the fierce storms of human passion which 
threaten to overwhelm them. A light beams 
across the dark waters, beckoning them to 
approach and find safe anchorage — but, as 
in the case described, it often proves a false 
light, luring but to destroy. The phantom 
pleasure hangs out her lights ; they float 
above and before the theatre, the bar-room, 
gaming house, and the brothel ; they are 
lights of brilliant hues, burning night and 
<5ay, to entrap the unwary, in steering for 



which you will run upon the rocks of dissi- 
pation and ruin. 

Let me warn the sailor to beware of these 
lights. Steer clear of them ; take only for 
your chart the Bible; for your compass the 
Holy Spirit ; for your polar star, the blessed 
Saviour himself. You cannot in the pleas- 
ures and vanities of the world, satisfy the 
cravings of an immortal mind. The soul 
must feed on angels' food, and drink of liv- 
ing waters, or forever be discontented and 
unsatisfied. Listen not to the voice of the 
charmer, charm she ever so wisely. In every 
cup which she presents to your eager lips, 
are the bitter dregs of disappointment, which 
you will be forced to drink. In her hand, 
which, with winning manner she presents to 
you, there is a leprous disease ; beware of 
the contamination. Beware of the land- 
sharks, that prowl around the wharves and 
docks, eager for their prey ; they will filch 
from you all your hard earnings, and then 
bid you begone. Shun them as you would 
n pestilence. Seek the society of the good 
and virtuous ; those that love God, and your 
own souls, and are ready to do you good — 
who will pray with and for you, and point 
you to the " Lamb of God that taketh away 
the sins of the world." God bless the sailor ! 
May his hitherto desolate heart be visited by 
some heavenly messenger, with the olive 
branch of peace, and the cup of salvation, 
to minister to his spirit. Let the moralist, 
the philanthropist, and the Christian do all 
in their power to relieve the wants and woes 
of the sailor. Heaven's blessing will be 
your reward in this life, and a mansion in 
heaven your future home. C- D- L 

From Hunt's Merchants Magazine. 

Whale Fishery. 

To the Norwegians may be justly credited 
the first pursuit of the whale. By them it 
was carried on successfully from the twelfth 
to the fourteenth century. 

The South Sea Company, an English Com- 
pany, entered largely into the business in the 
year 1725, but after being engaged in it seven 
or eight years, having found the operation a 
losing one, they abandoned it. 

The enterprise and energy of our north- 
eastern Atlantic States had led them into the 
business to a larger extent, and they have 
been more successful than any other people 
The engaging in it by the hardy settlers of 
the New England coast, was owing, in a 
measure, to the incapacity of the sterile and 
rocky soil upon which they were placed, to 
afford a livelihood ; and from a want of con- 
fidence in the efficacy of such a soil to main- 
tain them, the sea was made the field of ad- 
venture. 

The people o f the Island of Nantucket, 
were the first to make whaling a regular 



branch of business. A whale having very 
unceremoniously made his appearance in the 
harbor, a harpoon was then invented and con- 
structed, and the briny monster, having done 
his part of the fighting, was conquered. 

The first spermaceti whale discovered, was 
one found dead upon the coast of Nantucket, 
but the first one captured was taken by a 
Nantucket whaleman, named Hussey, during 
the year 1712. Large vessels were at length 
substituted for small boats, and in 1715, Nan- 
tucket numbered six vessels. The quantity 
of oil was getting greater than the home de- 
mand, and in 1815, the first vessel load was 
shipped to England. Ten years after this, 
the loss of several fine vessels, by shipwreck 
and capture, caused the profits to be mate- 
rially lessened ; but the vessels were soon 
greatly enlarged, and instead of being con- 
fined to the waters about the coast, the hardy 
fisherman extended his dominion far and wide 
upon the ocean. 

From 1774 to 1775, the different ports fit- 
ted out annually, 304 vessels, with a tonnage 
of 27,840, employing 4,000 seamen, and pro- 
ducing 48,040 barrels of oil. In 1780, ow- 
ing to the revolution, the business was, in a 
measure, suspended. Five years later, it had 
again become flourishing. From 1787 to 
1789, the number of vessels fitted out annu- 
ally was 122, their tonnage 10,210, and em- 
ploying 1,611 seamen. 

New Bedford, observant of the success of 
Nantucket, commenced the business, and in 
1792 had made large ventures. The war of 
1812 pretty much put a stop to the trade, but 
it was soon resumed. In 1819 it was ex- 
tended to many new points, among which 
were Long Island and New London. In 
1834, the number of vessels in the United 
States, engaged in the whale fishery was 434, 
owned chiefly by New Bedford, Nantucket 
and New London, their aggregate value up- 
wards of ten millions of dollars, and employ- 
ing about 11,000 men. 

The arrivals of vessels and oil into the 
United States for the six years ending in 
1843, were 235 vessels, of which 194 were 
ships and barks, 28 brigs, and 13 schooners, 
and 373,005 barrels of whale oil. What the 
manufacture of lard oil may do to lessen the 
profits of the whaling business, is yet to be 
seen ; but it has not yet been a very serious 
competitor. 

The Gulf Stream. 

It may not be generally conceded that Dr. 
Franklin first made known to the world the 
existence of the Gulf Stream. It was made 
known to him by a Nantucket whaler when 
in London, in 1770. The stream had been 
previously ignorantly crossed, by European 
sailors, for nearly three hundred years before 
this. Franklin receirsd from the sailor, whose 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



181 



name is not recollected, a map of this cur- 
rent, and in 1775, discovered the higher tem- 
perature of its waters. The publication 
caused the trade of the northern ports to in- 
crease rapidly in consequence of the advan- 
tages of the winter season to be berived from 
it, in the management of vessels. 



Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free. 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 

For the Shoet Anchor. 



What Ladies cau do for the Sailor. 

We give place to the following letter from one of the 
Managers of the New Vork family Industrial Society : 

New York, Nov. 10, 1844. 
Rev. C. W. Denison, 

Sir, — I hasten to acknowledge the receipt 
yesterday of six copies of the " Sheet An- 
chor," forwarded to my address, I presume, 
by yourself. 

I have read them with pleasurable emo- 
tion, and rejoice at your devotion to the cause 
of seamen. May the "Anchor" have good 
holding ground, and its Editor and Publisher 
be amply rewarded by its success in both a 
moral and pecuniary point of view. 

In behalf of the Board of the Mariner's 
Family Industrial Society, I would tender 
you our sincere thanks for the voluntary no- 
tice in your number of the first of June, of 
our infant institution. Our success as a So- 
ciety thus far, has not been commensurate 
with the necessities of the class for whom we 
labor ; but when we consider that during the 
past and present year, collections have been 
steadily making for the Baptist, Episcopal, 
and Methodist Bethels; besides the collections 
of the American Seamen's Friend Society, 
and those sums required to. sustain " Old 
Bethel" of "precious memory," I think we 
cannot accuse the sailor's friends in New 
York of niggardliness. 

Yours, respectfully, 

Almira C. Loveland. 

The Sailor's Parents. 

A missionary to seamen in New York, gives the fol- 
lowing lacts from his journal : 

Oct. 14. I visited the male department 
at the Tombs ; had but little time to converse 
with any one. A sailor with whom I spoke 
said he was put in for fighting. I advised 
him to observe the rule laid down in the 
Scripture, and when he was struck on the 
one cheek, to turn the other also. One who 
was convicted for murder, showed some signs 
of repentance, and said he had thought some 
upon the concerns of his soul since he had 
been in prison. He appeared glad to get a 
tract, as did most of those to whom I pre- 



sented them. There was one under sentence 
of dealh, whom I was pained to see stern 
?md unyielding ; he did not want any tracts, 
and my call seemed to be to him very un- 
welcome. 

I was struck, as usual, with the youthful 
appearance of most of the convicts. I no- 
ticed one man, whose young wife, with her 
tender babe, chose to share with him his cold 
and irloomy cell ; my heart was moved with- 
in me at the sight, and I could hardly help 
exclaiming, in the words of another, "O the 
depths of woman's love !" and I thought how 
often the affection of a mother for her son, 
so beautifully delineated by Irving, might be 
applied to the faithful and devoted wife in re- 
lation to her husband : " O 1 there is an en- 
during tenderness in her love that transcends 
all the other affections of the heart. It is 
neither to be chilled by selfishness, nor daunt- 
ed by danger, nor weakened by worthless- 
ness, nor stifled by ingratitude. For her hus- 
band's convenience, she will sacrifice every 
comfort ; to his enjoyment, she will surren- 
der every pleasure ; she will glory in his 
fame, and exult in his prosperity ; and if mis- 
fortune overtake him, he will be the dearer 
to her from misfortune : and if disgrace set- 
tle upon his name, she will still love and 
cherish him in spite of his disgrace; and if 
all the world beside cast, him off, she will be 
all the world to him." So it is with the 
Christian mother of the sailer. 

26th. Had a long interview with the mate 
of a vessel, and his friend, a seaman, who 
was on board. The mate did not want any 
tracts, as he considered them of little value. 
His friend said he had had a very pious father, 
who was now dead, and a great many prayers 
had been offered for himself. He was care- 
ful to conceal the place of his nativity, but 
said he was brought up in the immediate vi- 
cinity of a Theological Seminary. Finally, 
he remarked that he had been so piously ed- 
ucated, and had been the subject of so many 
prayers, that he was afraid he should become 
a Christian. The captain came on board, I 
asked him if I should leave some tracts and 
papers for the crew. He uttered a fearful 
oath, and wished me to be gone. I endeav- 
ored to reason with him, but found it of little 
use. Within a few days I have met with 
more rough treatment than for a long time 
before. I am thus reminded occasionally 
that the Millennium has not yet arrived. 

During the past month I have supplied 26 
ships, 16 barks, 29 brigs, 42 schooners, 48 
sloops, 7 steamboats, and 4 canal boats ; and 
distributed 265 Advocates, and 4085 pages 
of tracts. 

When worldly man, engrossed in cares, 
Turns from the sailor's piteous cry, 

Woman his aching temples bears, 

And wipes the tear-drops from his eye. 



THE YOUTH. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 



A Child's Thoughts on Burial. 

DY IRKN.E0S. 

In the South Sea Islands, the child of one 
of the missionaries died. Its little brothers 
and sislers saw it buried, aud wept bitterly 
when it was hid from their sight in the dark 
o-rave. Not long after, one more of their 
number sickened, and soon died ; and as the 
friends were about to take it away to the 
o-rave, one of the youngest, more used to the 
language of the English, cried out, " O, don't 
plant it, don't plant it." 

She had seen them planting seeds, and she 
had seen her little brother covered up in the 
earth, and it was natural for her to speak of 
her burying as planting, though she did not 
know how much beauty and force there was 
in the expression. The resurrection of the 
dead is not revealed and illustrated by any 
sweeter or more appropriate figure than the 
springing from the earth of the seed, that 
has been buried. " It is sown in corruption ; 
it is raised in glory ; it is sown in dishonor ; 
it is raised in power." 

As the sower goeth forth and scatters the 
precious seed, he is cheered with the hope 
that it will soon spring up in beauty, and re- 
ward him abundantly for his toil. So the 
parent who commits to the dust the precious 
form that he loved, is cheered with the hope 
that it will spring up again in beauty, and 
shine in glory. 

Thought for Youth. 

Force of Habit. — On the coast of Nor- 
way there is an immense whirlpool, called by 
the natives, Maelstrom, which signifies the 
navel, or the centre of the sea. The body 
of waters which form this whirlpool, is ex- 
tended in a circle about thirteen miles in cir- 
cumference. In the midst thereof, stands a 
rock, against which the tide, in its ebb, is 
washed with inconceivable fury ; when it in- 
stantly swallows up all things which come 
within the sphere of its violence. 

No skill of the mariner, nor strength of 
rowing can work an escape. The sea-beaten 
sailor at the helm, finds the ship at first go in 
a current opposite his intentions ; his ves- 
sel's motion, though slow in the beginning, 
becomes every moment, more rapid ; it goes 
round in circles, still narrower, till at last it 
is dashed against the rock, and entirely dis- 
appears forever. 

And thus it fares with the thoughtless and 
hapless youth, that falls under the power of 
any vicious habits. At first he indulged with 
caution and timidity, and struggles againsi 
the stream of vicious inclinations. But every 
relapse carries him down the current, the 
violence of which increases and brings him 



182 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



still nearer to the fatal rock in the midst of 
the whirlpool ; till at length, stupificd and 
subdued, he yields without a struggle, and 
makes shipwreck of conscience, of interest, 
of reputation, and of every thing that is dear 
and valuable in the human character. 

Good habits, on the other hand, are pow- 
erful as bad ones ; therefore no better advice 
can we give to youth, than the following : — 
" Choose the more rational and best way of 
living, and habit will soon make it the most 
agreeable." 







BOSTON, SATURDAY, DEC. 7, 1844. 



KTThe SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SEOTAHIAHISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 



The Islands of the Sea. 

What glorious news comes over the wild 
waste of the ocean from the distant islands ! 
" The Friend of Seamen and Temperance," 
published by Rev. Mr. Damon, chaplain of 
the American Seamen's Friend Society, at 
the Sandwich Islands, gives an account of 
the annual gathering of the missionaries at 
Honolulu. It is customary for most of the 
missionaries to come to these meetings, with 
their wives and children. On the recent 
occasion the Lord's Supper was administered 
to the Christians present — including the be- 
lieving natives. What a delightful scene in 
that far-off land ! 

Mr. Damon states that the first missionaries 
to the Sandwich Islands, sailed from Boston 
in October, 1819. They arrived in Hawaii 
in March, 1820. In April, 1820, the King 
and Chiefs consented to their landing. Since 
that time, 61 males and 67 females have 
joined the mission from the United States. 
The amount of money paid for the support of 
these missions has been $008,865, by the 
American Board of Foreign Missions, except 
150,000 by the American Bible Society, and 
$19,365 by the American Tract Society. 
There are eighteen missionary stations and 
forty permanent dwellings, besides two print- 
ing offices, seminaries and school houses, 
built by the natives, &c. &c. The results 
have been in part that Christianity has been 
introduced and adopted as the religious sys- 



tem of the nation. The language has been 
reduced to writing. Three separate editions 
of the New Testament, of 10,000 copies 
each, have issued from the press, making 
30,000 copies. One duodecimo edition of 
the whole Bible, of 10,000 copies, and the 
purchase and circulation of a great many 
miscellaneous works. All elementary school 
books and scientific and miscellaneous works, 
have been issued at the expense of the Amer- 
ican Board. Schools have been established 
and nearly one-half of the adult population 
taught to read. At present the schools are 
mostly confined to children, about twenty 
thousand of whom are gathered into them in 
the different pans of the Island. 

Readers of the Sheet Anchor! will you 
not increase your efforts and prayers that the 
abundance of the sea may render these fruit- 
ful islands still more hallowed unto God 1 



Philadelphia. 



Our new agent in Philadelphia, Mr. John 
Hewson, is commended to the friends of 
seamen there. He writes us, under date of 
Nov. 27, that there is a prospect of his ob- 
taining a thousand subscribers in that city 
and vicinity. This opens before us a laro-e 
field of usefulness, which we shall certainly 
be grateful to enter. 

We have formerly encountered some diffi. 
cullies in the delivery of the Sheet Anchor in 
Philadelphia. But our arrangements are 
now complete ; and we are looking forward, 
with the blessing of God, to a still greater 
increase of our opportunities for doing good 
to our long-neglected brethren of the ocean. 

"Stories of the Sea." 

By reference to our first and last pages, it 
will be seen that we have lately been permit- 
ted to prepare the first of a series of works on 
the ocean, which we are designing to give 
the public. We invite the attention of our 
readers to the extracts and eugravings taken 
from " Old Slade." 

The design of these works is not only en- 
tertaining, but benevolent. We aim to teach, 
in the form of attractive sea tales, the great 
principles of Christianity and temperance — 
without the enjoyment of which no sailor or 
landsman can be really happy. Chaplains to 
seamen, keepers of seamen's boarding houses, 
and the friends of the cause of the sailor, who 
act as agents for the Sheet Anchor, are in- 
vited to aid us in extending the circulation of 
the " Stories of the Sea." 

Orders, directed to this office, will be 
promptly attended to. The usual discount 
made to those who purchase in quantities to 
give away, or to sell again. 

Number two of the series will be prepared ' 
as soon as possible. It will contain many 



deeply interesting incidents, (all founded on 
fact,) connected with the residence of the 
narrator among the cannibals of the Pacific. 
We think we can safely promise that those 
who buy the book will get the worth of their 
money. 



The Seamen's Cause in New York. 

A friend of seamen in New York writes as follows : 

Mr. Editor, 

You are aware, (as I perceive you have 
noticed it in your '« Sheet, Anchor,") of the or- 
ganization of the Methodist Episcopal Mar- 
iner's Church for Seamen; but perhaps you 
do not know that instead of the little chapel 
dedicated last February, there is now alono-- 
side of that chapel one of the most beautiful 
churches in the United States — built express- 
ly for seamen. The chapel before spoken of 
became too small, and early in the spring 
the present church was commenced, and on 
Thursday the 31st October, was dedicated 
to the Lord, for the use of the sailor. Our 
minister, Rev. J. Pois.il, than whom none 
more devoted can be found, is greatly en- 
couraged ; having now two hundred and thir- 
ty members upon the church books, whose 
names he hopes are also registered in the 
Lamb's Book of Life. Rather more than 
half of these are seamen, and the others con- 
nected with them. The little chapel, along- 
side the beautiful edifice now in use for 
seamen, has been converted into a Tempe- 
rance Hall, under the name of the Seventh 
Ward Mariner's Temperance Hall, where 
every Monday evening a public meeting is 
held, to advance the cause of temperance, 
and aid in the reformation of the sons of the 
ocean. We held our first meeting (after hav- 
ing organized and appointed our officers,) a 
few evenings since, and obtained the names 
of thirty-eight seamen to the pledge. Mr. 
McNamara is our President, and the Society 
has taken the name of the " Seamen's Tem- 
perance Society," in order to distinguish it 
from the Marine Temperance Society, still 
held in the Rosevelt Street Church, and 
weekly augmenting its numbers — now ap- 
proaching the vicinity of eighteen thousand 
members. 

We intend, by the grace of God, to follow 
hard after them, and bear a humble part in 
this glorious work — this fore-runner of the 
gospel — as it has already proved in numerous 
instances among those who go down to the 
sea in ships. 

So, my brother, you see seamen are cared 
for in this port. Although we now have four 
places of public worship in New York for 
sailors, in three of which the public ordinan- 
ces of the sanctuary are administered, still on 
the 21st tilt., another was added on the North 
River side, under the superintendence of a 
body of Christians called " Wesleyau Meth- 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



183 



odists." These brethren have purchased a 
large ship called the " Henry Leeds." 

She is now dedicated as a Floating Chapel, 

to the worship of Almighty God, for the use 

of the sailor on that side of our city, where 

she now lies moored, at the foot of Rector 

' Street. 

The new church in Cherry Street can ac- 
commodate about fifteen hundred persons, 
and is somewhat larger than the Rosevelt 
Street church. It is built in the most approv- 
ed modern style ; and in the words of Rev. 
E. T. Taylor, who preached one of the ser- 
mons at its dedication, " is the most beauti- 
ful craft of the kind he ever entered." 

Its cost is about thirteen thousand dollars, 
not including land ; being built upon lots for 
which the society pay a ground rent. 

I shall take pleasure, if permitted to see 
you in this city, in giving you an introduc- 
tion to our worthy pastor, and have no doubt 
shall have the delightful privilege of hearing 
the blessed gospel again proclaimed by you 
to the children of the sea. I sincerely pray, 
and earnestly desire that the day may speedi- 
ly come when every Evangelical denomina- 
tion shall do their duty in this matter, and 
build a house for the sailor ; and when all 
shall harmoniously labor to extend the tri- 
umphs of the cross and advance the kingdom 
of the Redeemer among this class of our fel- 
low men, until the multitude of the sea shall 
be gathered into the fold of Christ. 

Those who are the most zealous in these la- 
bors, preaching repentance and faith, whether 
they be Baptists, Episcopalians, Presbyte- 
rians, or Methodists, will be the most honor- 
ed instruments in gathering converts to Christ. 
Such will be found among that number who 
iave turned many to righteousness, shining 
as the stars forever and ever. 

A sailor, like a landsman, may be prose- 
lyted ; and, like him, he makes but a misera- 
ble proselyte. There is too much of man's 
work about them. But let us all be willing 
to have God do the work, and whatever 
church militant he may connect himself with, 
his light will be a burning and a shining one. 
Yours, in love, 

A Friend of Sailors. 

THE &@GKEE. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 

NAVAL. 
Naval Movement. — Trial of Speed. — We 
earn that orders have been issued from the Navy 
Department, that the sloop-of-war Portsmouth 
now lying; at Portsmouth, N. H., proceed imme- 
diately to Norfolk, there to join the sloop James- 
town. If the sloop-of-war St. Mary's can be fitted 
out in time, she will join the two vessels named 
^bove. The object iB to test the sailing qualities 
of three of the six new sloops, finished within the 
year. It is to be hoped that the St. Mary's will 



bo ready to take station in this important experi- 
ment, as the exalted fame of her builders leaves 
no doubt that she would easily distance her com- 
petitors, and compare advantageously with them 
in every other respect. 

dCj^On the above pnragraph from a Baltimore 
paper the editor of the Portsmouth Journal com- 
ments in the following true Yankee spirit: 

The "fame" of the builders of the "Ports- 
mouth" is no less "exalted" than that of the 
builders of any craft that rides the ocean, we 
venture to eay. By good judges she is pro- 
nounced a good model; and we doubt not that 
I ke the beautiful and superb sailer, Congress* 
and the Preble, she will be a "jewel" in the 
American Navy. Let them have a fair trial — and 
we think that the boasted St. Mary's will find, at 
least, a respectable competitor in the "Ports- 

MOGTH." 

FROM THE SANDWICH ISLANDS. 
From "The Friend/' published at Honolulu: — 
A Boat's Crew Lost.— On the 6th Dec. 1843, two boat- 
steerers and a boat's crew 6toIe a boat from the Levi 
Starhuck, in the night, near Muriah Island, and started 
for the main land about 100 miles distant. Soon after 
they left it commenced blowing a gale, and there can 
be but little doubt that all were lost. Their names were 
George Maters, Halifax, JN. S. j Augustus H. Bell, New 
York city ; Thomas Higgins, Albany, N. Y. ; John Oli- 
ver, James Floree, John Williams, Thomas Williams, 
unknown. 

A Honible Affair. — The following extract of a letter 
from Lahaina, gives an account of a most horrible occur, 
rence which recently happened at a neigiiboring island 
dated March 22d : 

"You will have heard from Capt. Green, of the Onta- 
rio, that three men deserted from him last Friday night. 
To-day two of them returned ; they were brought to the 
U. S. Consulate Agency, and made one of the most hor- 
rible statements 1 ever heard. * * * They, as they 
say, hired a boat of three natives on Friday eve, and 
started for Hawaii. There were three in the boat, viz. 
Walter G. Pike, of New Windsor, Orange co. N. Y. j 
Robert M'Cartv, New York city; and Jacob Von Clief, 
belonging to Middletown Point, N. J. — the latter a col- 
ored man. They pulled all Friday night, Saturday, 
Sunday, and their nights, and became exhausted, and 
were unable to pull any longer. On Tuesday, they 
drifted on the rocks at Lanai, and, having been without 
food or fresh water the whole time, and having drank 
salt water, tl.t-y were in a state of starvation. They 
were not able to get up the pali (precipice) and agreed 
to cast lots to see who should die for the benefit of the 
other two. The lot fell on Von Clief who was killed by 
blows on his head with a stone — they then cut his arm 
and throat, and drank his blood — after which, they cut a 
piece from his right arm and ate it. After they became 
strengthened, they got up the pali, and met with some 
natives. v\ ho gave them food, and brought them across 
the island, and to this place in canoes. The natives 
have been examined, and confirm the statement made by 
the men. The dead body was found as they described, 
and buried by them. The Governor will send to Lanai 
to-morrow for the women they first saw after landing, 
and for the remains of the boat." 

These men were subsequently tried for murder, and 
acquitted — and subsequently tried for stealing the boat 
and fined $80 and costs. Having no means of paying 
the fine, they were working it out on the public roads. 

Deaths in Honolulu. — Miss Sophia R. Marshall, 
aged 30, June 25th. She was a native of Boston, Mass., 
and had been a resident of less than three months upon 
the Sandwich Islands. June 23d, Mr. Elijah Coleman, 
aged 79 years. He was a native of Brighton or Water- 
town, Mass. For nearly 40 years he had been a resident 
upon these islands j and hence was among the very old- 
est of the foreign residents. At the U. S. Hospital, 
Honolulu, May 21, William Wells, aged 26. He was a 



native of Hatfield, Haas. May 25th, Mr. Nathaniel Bar- 
ton, aged 41— he was a native of Boston. April 20th, 
Henry A. Sherwood, a native or New York city. At 
Punahnu, Honolulu, April 27th, Mrs. Kmily li. aged 36, 
wife of Rev. Daniel Dole, principal of the Mission 
Boarding School. Onboard ship Ann, of Bug Harbor, 
March 20th, William F. Rogers. Drowned it Hilo, 
Hawaii, March 26th, Israel Britton, belonging to W. S. 
Nantucket. 

Loss of Capt. Soule.and a boat's crew, of the Bov. - 
ditch of Providence. — Arrived at Lahaina, June 2d, snip 
Bo wd itch, of Providence. 12 months out, 450 bids, whale 
oil, and -1000 lbs. bone. Captain Soulc, the former com- 
mander, with four sparncn, F.dward Ford of Provii 
Samuel M.Tripp. Henry Brown, and Emcir Albert, were 
lost on the 10th of May last while fast to a whale — the 
boat filling and upsetting. At the request of the crew, 
1st officer, John Fletcher, who assumed the command, 
put hack for Lahaina. While in that port, the crew re- 
fused to proceed to sea with their present office*!*; but 
finally with the exception of one man, agreed to go for 
the remainder of the season. She is to leave as soon ;.<• 
her recruits are completed for the North West, 

On board Calumet, of Stonington, Cyrus Kellogg fell 
from aloft and was drowned, soon after leaving home. 
John Henley, Thomas Shirley, Benjamin Sullivan. Henry 
Grown and John Brown, of the same thip, were drew ned 
by lowering for whales olT Cape Horn, Feb. 184*. V. 
Ryder, belonging to the whaleship Barclav. of Nant, fell 
from aloft and was killed in January, 1844. John Young 
of S.. Helena, fell overboard and was drowned. He be- 
longed to American whaleship Hamilton, of Bridgeport. 

Honolulu. July 15. — Ship Samuel Robertson of Mew 
Bedford, recently underwent repairs in this harbor — miz- 
zen mast defective and new one obtained. Whaleship 
Sophie, of Bremen, returned leaky, April 10. 

Arrived at Honolulu, May 2S, ship Hannibal, Brown, 
of JNew London. She returned from her cruise on the 
IN. W. Coast, on account of Capt. Brown"s illness.- When 
she put away from the ground, *he was in lat. 35, Ion. 
177. 

Ship Ansel Gibbs of Fairhaven, parted her chain at 
Lahaina, April 13, lost her best anchor, and was driven 
to sea. 

A boat's crew left the South America, at Lahaina on 
the 2d (no month given, supposed Way 2d) and probably 
went to M.olokai. 

Wreck of the Pennsylvania*— The owners of 

this vessel at Cleveland, have been informed that her 
stern is on shore, on a point below the mouth of Grand 
river, in Canada, opposite Gull Island. 

It is supposed that the crew were all lost in the late 
gale on the Lakes. 

(Cj'R. W. Haskins, of Buffalo, in an article relative 
to the tempest recommends the use of the barometer to 
nautical men. The barometer he says is a sure index of 
an approaching storm, and was the subject of remark by 
those who had them of the approaching storm which 
lately destroyed so much property in that city. 

Humane Society. — At a late meeting of the Trustees 
of the Massachusetts Humane Society, a Gold Medal 
with the addition often dollars was awarded to Mr. Mo- 
ses B. Power of Hull, and a like sum of ten dollars to 
each of his associates and fellow townsmen, for their 
humane and successful efforts in saving the lives of the 
captain and crew of the brig Treraont, when in immi- 
nent peril on the morning of October 7th. 

Items from Wilmer & Smith's European Times, Liverpool, 
Nov. 5, received at ihe Sheet Anchor office. 

We deeply regret to state that a murderous attempt 
was made at this port upon the life of Captain Wood- 
house, of the New York packet-ship "Queen of the 
West," on the 25th ultimo, about 4 o'clock, P. M. 

A fishing boat belonging to the port of Dieppe waa 
wrecked on the night of the 19th ultimo, near Treport- 
Four of the six persons on board were drowned. 

Last week as the steam-boat Waterman was passing 
Wapping Dock-stairs, she came in collision with a ferry- 
boat, by which two lives were lost and two persons seri- 
ously injured. 



181 



SHEET ANCHOR. 








Tb» Knot which God has joined together: let not man 
put it asunder. 



GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Bostok, Mass. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rev. S. BULKY, of Dorohestir. 
GEORGE L. COBURN, New Haven, Conn. 



|rj,Boothli;iy. CapL John C. Pool, of Eastport, Me 
to Miss Maroahet J. Ksioht. 

In South Dennis, ('apt Prentiss Thatcher to Miss | 
Dinah H. NicHF.n.so!»,of Yarnn>ulli. 

In Casline, Me., (.'apt. WILLIAM \V. Hatch to Miss 
Eliza Jane Dennett. 

In Button, Me. Mr Frvscis Files, of Gorham, to 

Mis8 hUNNAH WajTTS. of li 

\t .Mount Desert, Cap*. Henry .Moses to Miss Sai.lt 
R.Goss. 




THE LAST VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
Insuiden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea? 



Institutions for Seamen in the United States. 

Saving's Banks for Seamen.— A'< >« York. No. 
71, Wall Street. Open every day (Sundays excepted,) 
between 12 and 2 o'clock. 

Portland, Suuth corner of the Mariner's Church, 
( up stairs.) 

Boston. Tremont Street. Open daily, (Sundays ex- 
cepted,) from lo to '2 o'clock. 

New tlavtn. In the liuilding of the N. Haven Bank 
% 

Mariners' Churches. — Iffm York. Roosevelt 
Street, Rev. Henry Chase, 18b" ('harry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner nl" Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. K Stewart. Episcopal Floating Ghapet, fool of Pake 
Street, East River, Rev B. C. (.'. P.nker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. Wes- 
leyan Ship, foot of Rector Street, Ninth River. 

Portland. Rev G. W. Bourne, Exchange Hall. 

Boston. Mariner's Chinch. Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord; Bethel Church, North Square. Rev. E T. Taylor. 
'•Boston Bethel Union." Rev. Charles \V. Denison, 
Commercial Sireet, corner of Lewis. F.lder J. W. 
Helmut, over Qnincv Market, 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. !vt. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

New irk. N.J. Rev. Frederick Rileh. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. R ev. 
O. Douil iss. Shippen. cor Swnns-on ; Rev J. S. Taylor. 

Seamen's Bethel Union, F.ast side of Front Street, be- 
tween Spruce and Pine; Rev. Thos. Porter. Missionary. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Allisanna St., Rev. II. Best. 

Buffalo. Rev. V. I). Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Oswego. Rev. F. Pierce. 

RockeJit, Va. Rev. A. Mehane. 

Savannah. Penfield Manner's Ch.. Rev. G. White. 



New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 
Capt. Roland Gelston, No. 320, Pearl Street. 
Other Boarding-Houses in New York City. John 
McLellan,154 Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, 61 Cherry Sireet. 

Providence, It. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 9S 
South Water Street. 

Charleston. Cant. Hamilton. 23 Queen Street. 
Portsmouth, N. H. Charles F.. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets. Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home. (F.astburn House. ) No. 
10, Lombard Street, near Front Sireet Snm'l Room, 
under the care of the Female Seamen's V riend Society. 
Sailor's Home. N. W. corner of I nion and Front 
Sts., by Wm Hammond, under tliecare ol the Seamen'a 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street, 
i Cnpt. Hnlcolm. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Clierrv Streets. 

I! liiniire. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street. Fell's Point. 



American Seamen's Friend Society. 

! Communications relating to the general concerns of 
I the American Seamen's Friend Society, should be di- 
I reeled to Capt. F.oward Richardson. President and 

General Agent:, or to Rev. John Spadliiing, Financial 

Secretary, No. 71 . Wall Street 

Donations in aid of the funds, may he sent to ('has. 

N Tai rot, Treasurer. No. 66. Si nth Street, or to the 

office of the Society, No. 71, Wall Street, New York. 

Sailor's Magazine. — The Sudor's Magazine is 
! published hv the American Seamen's Friend Society, 
at their office. No. 71. Wall Sireet. New York, and is 
devoted to the improvement of the social and moral 
rendition of seamen. It is issued monthly ; contains 
thirty-two pages octavo. Price gl iO, a year, payable 
in advance. 



In this city, Mrs. Elizabeth Sturg is, aged 76 years, 
widow of the late Capt. Thos. Stuiiots, of Barnstable. 

In Lvme, Conn., 26th ult . Captain Christopher 
Ciiampt.in, aged '19 years, for many years master pf a 
'New York packet ship, and recently of ship Toronto. 

In Woodstock, Cono., on the Hth ult., Capt. Wil- 
i.arii Chi i.i>, aged 87 years. 

Im Kirklanri Oneida Co., N. Y.,Oct. 12. Capt James 
Pool, formerly of Martha's Vineyard, Mass., aged 91. 

At Port au Prince, of fever. Mr. George Pitkin, of 
New York, first officer of brig Ann. of Boston. 

On baard schr. Squirrel, on the passace from St. .Tngo 
lo Boston. Oct. 5, George Wyman, of Concord, Mass., 
aged 22 years. 

Lost overboard, from ship Vespasian, on the passage 
down the Mississippi, 31st Oct., STErnEN Chasx, of 
1'ortlini), Me., 2d mate. 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDUVG-IUU'SES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's Hqu*e. under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society', kept by William 
Brodhead. 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept hv J. QtiiN, Jr., No. 18 North Rennet' Street. 

Martin Barnes. Jr.. Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. Salisbury. No. 90 Commercial Street 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther IIosmer, No. 
51 North Market Street. 

D win Chaff IN, 77*, Commercial Street. 

Mm Street, 2C9 Ann Street. 

A. ''lark, I North Square. 

J. R. Taylor, 40 Southac St., for colored seamen. 

Salem. F.benezer Griffin, near South Bridge; MrB. 
Groonlcnf. Beeket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland. Me. — -eanien's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the ''iistom House. 

Bath, Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 



INFORMATION WANTED 

Of JAMES YORK, of F.seter, N. H., 32 years of age, 
light complexion and hair, blue eyes, medium stature, 
bv trade a stone cutter; went to sea in a whale ship fiom 
New Bedford, in 18.10. Address Mrs. Mary York, 
Exeter, N. H. 

Also, of JOSEPH LOCK SHUV, of the same place, 
32 years of age, light complexion and hair, blue eyes, 
medium stature, and by trade a currier ; went lo sea in a 
whale ship, in December, 1832. Address Mrs. Sarah 
Shaw, Exeter, N. H. 



Also, of JAMES STAR, of Burlington, Vt., medium 
I stature, dark complexion and black hair, by trade a shoe 
maker; went a "haling from New Bedford, in I8o5. Di- 
' rect information to Mrs. Jane Star, Plainfield, Conn. 
Also, or PATRICK McMUI.LEN. a seaman, or Bos- 
ton, who sailed from this port a year ago last January, 
Any information respecting him, left at the office of the 
New England Washingtonian, will be thankfully received. 



%, (famc& 




" Which hope we have 



as an anchor of the soul." 



JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLIsftBfcr^g!***: 



: REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 2. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1844. 



No. 24. 



SXS&X AHGK0E. 

[0FFIC3, 39 MERCHANTS EOW.] 
Not sectarian, devoted exclusively tfi the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANCE 

to HUMANITY— -to. INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive a sixth copy gratis, and the 
aime proportion for larger numbers. 

AGENTS. 
SEAMEN'S CHAPLAINS: ) 

KEEPERS OF SAILORS' HOMES. J 

B5r See list of names on lasi page. 



SEE LAST PAGE. 



THE ST'0-1 

"Wonders in the deep. 1 



The Sailor among Savages. 

[See Cut on the last page.] 

All affairs being settled, in regard to the 
management of the plantations, the canoes 
were refitted and launched, and early in the 
morning, the king, and all the forces with 
him, (about 4000 strong,) proceeded to 
Haano, about three leagues to the North, to 
join those who, according to orders, were 
waiting for them. At Haano the kino- was 
received with customary feasting and rejoic- 
ing, and, on the following day, the gods 
were consulted in regard to the expedition. 
The answer given by the priests was, that 
the king should proceed to Vavaoo with three 
canoes only, and offer terms of peace, in the 
most friendly manner. Finow. having by 
this time had sufficient opportunity to reflect 
coolly and deliberately, and therefore more 
wisely, upon this business, entered readily 
into the measure. Three canoes were got 
ready, and Finow, with some of the choicest 
fighting men, of such description as the ora- 
cle approved of, went on board. Mr. Mari- 
ner was in the king's canoe, and two other 
Englishmen were on board one of the others, 
and they proceeded towards Vavaoo. As 
they approached the shores of this island, 
they came up with several canoes belonging 
to it, endeavoring to make their escape; for 



they fancied these were only the head canoes 
of a large fleet, drawing near to make an at- 
tack upon Vavaoo. The king, however, in- 
formed them that he was not coming with 
warlike intentions, but that his object was 
peace, and he was paying them a visit for the 
sole purpose of adjusting matters amicably ; 
he then dismissed them, and they paddled 
away immediately for that part of the island 
where the great fortress was situated. As 
the expedition passed a point about five miles 
to the southward of the fort, a number of 
natives were seen on the beach, painted and 
dressed after the manner of war, and armed 
(je.us ; i, c\ ,'i.enaced the vis- 
iters with every marlial gesture, furiously 
splashing up the water with their clubs, and 
shouting the war-whoop loudly and repeated- 
ly. When they had proceeded a little far- 
ther, there came up to them a canoe from the 
garrison, with a warrior, who wore a turban 
on his head ; he demanded the object of this 
visit, and said he was ready to fight. Finow, 
in answer, told him the purpose of his com- 
ing, which was to make a peace ; and, what- 
ever his enemies might think of him, that 
was the object which was nearest his heart. 
No sooner did the Vavaoo warrior hear this 
unexpected declaration, than he pulled off his 
turban, and, taking a piece of cava root, went 
on board Finow's canoe, and, havino- pre- 
sented the cava to the king, he kissed his 
feet as a mark of respect. The kino- then 
dismissed him, desiring him to relate to his 
chiefs the object of his coming, and that he 
should, the same evening, if they would per- 
mit him, pass on to Neafoo, to leave cava 
there, and the following morning proceed to 
the fortress to adjust terms of peace. 

As soon as the warrior departed with his 
message, Finow directed his course up an 
inlet to Neafoo, where he arrived, and land- 
ed without any opposition ; and, having left 
cava with the usual ceremony, he returned 
on board, and passed the night in another 
branch of the inlet leading up to the fortress ; 
towards which, early the following mornino- 
he proceeded with the three canoes.' At first, 
he intended to land in person, and ascend j 



the hill to address the garrison ; but from 
this he was dissuaded by his chiefs; he then 
determined to go near to the shore in a small 
canoe which they had in tow, and be led 
along the shelf by his matabooles, wading 
through the water, which was scarcely three 
feet deep. To this, also, his friends object- 
ed, being apprehensive that, if he left the 
large canoe in the way he proposed, and ap- 
proached too near the beach, his temper 
might be so worked into a rage by the insults 
of the natives, as to induce him to rush on 
shore, and run the risk of being killed ; but 
Finow replied, by way of apology for not 
yielding to il.eir advice, that ii was the part 
of a brave man to keep himself perfectly 
cool and collected when insulted, and that he 
was resolved to act up to this character. — 
Matters being thus arranged, he went into 
the small canoe, and was led along by the 
matabooles. 

The fortress, on the top of a steep, rising 
ground, as seen from the canoes, presented a 
most formidable and warlike appearance ; its 
extent seemed enormous, and the tops of the 
white reeds, which were seen at a distance 
above the banks of red clay, the whole being 
strongly illuminated by the sun, represented 
to the imagination of Mr. Mariner the spears 
and javelins of ancient heroes, drawn up in 
battle array. On the top of the banks, a 
number of warriors, armed with clubs and 
spears, were running to and fro, with fine 
light streamers, full thirteen feet long, attach- 
ed to their heads and arms, which, floating in 
the wind, produced a most romantic effect. 

The king and his matabooles being now 
returned to their canoe, the expedition pro- 
ceeded out of the inlet, and arrived shortly 
at a small island, on which they landed, and 
stripped it of almost all its cava root. It is 
here proper to mention, that all the islands 
adjacent to Vavaoo were deserted by order of 
Toe Oomoo, that the people might be more 
safely situated in or near the fortress, in case 
of an invasion. The three canoes afterwards 
proceeded a little farther onward, and put in 
for the night at a small island called Hoono-a, 
about two miles from Vavaoo. The next 



* > .A • . . * . 



186 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



morning, they resumed their voyage, and ar- 
rived at Haano, the nearest of the Hapai 
Islands, in the afternoon. 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy thai always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



Knm and Rioting. 

A late number or the Boston Mercantile Journal con- 
tained an account of a serious riot at the Sandwich Isl- 
ands. 

The following note will give a painful illustration of 
the affair. Rum and riot often go together, in other 
places beside the islands of the sea. 

The French Government, through Capt. 
La Place, in 1839, compelled the King of the 
Sandwich Islands to sign a treaty admitting 
all French manufactures, especially wines 
and brandy, to the market of the Sandwich 
Islands. To that treaty the French Govern- 
ment still holds the King of the Islands, not- 
withstanding all his remonstrances through 
his Commissioners recently sent to France. 

The French Consul at the Islands holds 
the government bound to give licenses or 
allow the sale of liquors ; and this is the only 
reason why any licenses have been granted. 
There was a perfect prohibition en the sale 
of all ardent spirits, and consequently perfect 
peace at Lahaina, until the date of the above 
treaty. Sandwich Islands. 

Alas, the Poor Sailor ! 



A seaman by the name of Hand, arrived 
at New London recently, in a vessel from the 
eastward ; and from some cause or other, be- 
inc adrift and without money, sought assist- 
ance from some of the citizens. He was ad- 
dicted to intemperance, and acknowledged 
that he had recently been on a " spree," 
from which it was evident he had but par- 
tially recovered. He stopped at one of 
the numerous boarding houses here, and was 
soon attacked with the delirium tremens, of 
which horrid malady he expired. His re- 
mains were carried to the grave by three per- 
sons, and he was decently and respectably 
interred in the city burying ground. 

His native State was supposed to be Penn- 
sylvania, and he was of German descent. 

The New Yorkers Coming ! 

The "Organ," of New York, gives the following 
pleasing news : 

A few weeks since a meeting was called 
at the Emery Institute, Cherry Street, next 
to the Mariners' M. E. Church, to organize 
a Seaman's Temperance Society. Mr. Peter 
McNamara was called to the chair, and 
Capt. Rowland Gelston and Joseph T. Bates 
were appointed Secretaries. The meeting 
was opened with prayer by the Rev. John 
Poisal. 



Capt. Gelston submitted a Constitution, 
which, after having been discussed by Rev. 
Mr. Poisal, Rev. Mr. Whittlesey, Capt. Ad- 
ams, Capt. Griffith, Capt. Brower, Messrs. 
White, Bates and Oli.er, was adopted with 
some trifling amendments. The following is 
a copy of the pledge : 

We, the undersigned, solemnly pledge ourselves that 
we will neither make, buy, sell, nor use, as a beverage, 
any Spiritous or Malt Liquors, Wine or Cider. 

After adopting the Constitution, the fol- 
lowing gentlemen were elected officers for 
the ensuing year : President, Peter McNam- 
ara ; Vice Presidents, Capt. Wardle, John 
Parsons, Capt. Griffith, Capt. James Hart, J. 
B. Dickinson, Capt. Joseph Adams, Daniel 
Brown ; Corresponding Secretary, Rev. John 
Poisal ; Recording Secretary, Capt. Row- 
land Gelston ; Treasurer, John Braisted ; 
Executive Committee, J. T. Bates, T. M. 
Minturn, J. H. Havens, Edwin C. Russell, 
Wm. White, George W. Felt, Jr., John 
Dunshee, Benjamin Snyder, Capt. Samuel 
Loveland, Peter Errickson, A. Morehouse, 
Geo. Sanders, Philip Reeves, Capt. Chester. 
After being fully organized, it was agreed 
to get up a handsome Certificate of Member- 
ship, and to print the Constitution and 
Pledge ; when $43,78 were subscribed to 
defray the expense. 

The Shipwrights and Calkers Society 
has discontinued its meetings, and the mem- 
bers will co-operate with the Seamen's Tem- 
perance Society. Its principal support will 
be derived from the Mariner's M. E. Church, 
and we feel assured, from the spirit manifest- 
ed at the first meeting, that this society will 
be productive of great good. 



Sea and Land Snakes. 

A writer in the Maryland Temperance Herald gives a 
description of an animal which he calls a •' Land Snake." 
We wonder if any of the readers of the Sheet Anchor 
ever met with the creature 1 

There have been a great many stories told 
about the Sea-serpent, and when he has been 
seen ; and every once and awhile some new 
wonderment, or strange story is got up about 
his re-appearance, and the many new shapes 
and the strange doings which he exhibited ; 
but with all the Yankee watchfulness, skill, 
and ingenuity, they have never so clearly as- 
certained his whereabouts, as to be able to 
fasten a harpoon in him, or tow him on shore, 
Now as there is but little prospect of our ever 
getting a fair view of this Sea-serpent, or 
more satisfactory accounts than those which 
we have already had, from time to time, in 
the daily papers, I have thought it might not 
be uninteresting to your readers to give you 
a short account of a kind of Land Snake, 
that may be found coiled up in all our large 
taverns or hotels, and in most all of our vic- 
tual and oyster houses, and most certainly in 
all retail liquor shops. His first appearance 



is so small, that he cannot only creep into a 
stone jug or bottle, but is frequently invisible 
when there, unless with the aid of glasses — 
and it is only when through their medium 
he is drawn out, that his full length is dis- 
cernible. His most favorite lurking places 
are in casks and kegs, in baskets of cham- 
pagne, and old bottled Madeira; and he is 
always found in that part of the house called 
the bar-room or place of refreshment, and he 
never leaves these, his favorite retreats, with- 
out fixing his lodgment in some human body, 
where the effects of his poisonous sting or 
bite is soon discernible in the languor and 
heaviness of the eye, and its bloodshot ap- 
pearance, and the swelling of the eye-lids; 
the flushed cheek, and the rubicond and pur- 
pled appearance of the nose. As the poison 
strikes deeper, it is accompanied by a totter- 
ing gate ; the ankle and knee joints refusing 
to do their duty — incoherent and half finished 
sentences, with mutterings and curses, at- 
tended with a demoniacal or savage look in 
some — w ith a silly, good hum6red, mellow- 
ness of the eye in others; mixed with an en- 
largement of all the imaginative powers — so 
that under the influence of the strong delu- 
sions of this Land Snake's bite, it not unfre- 
quently happens that you hear one proclaim- 
ing his great strength ; and while scarcely 
able to stand, swears he can whip any half a 
dozen that will come on. Another who can- 
not regulate his knee and ankle joints, knows 
all about regulating the government — and 
without a cent in his pocket, proclaims him- 
self as rich as Croesus, and knows more about 
the finances of the country than any banker 
in it. Neighbors who continue to resort to 
these hotels, taverns, oyster houses, and re- 
tail liquor stores, look out for these Land 
Snakes. One thing is not, however, to be 
slightly passed over, and that is, that ill 
health, loss of appetite, deformity of visage, 
and shabbiness of appearance, with destruc- 
tion of all physical and mental powers, which 
are the sure and certain consequences of 
tampering with the drinks that contain these 
snakes, making true the declaration of the 
wisest of men, " that at last it bitcth like a 
serpent, and stingcth like an adder." 



The Drunkard's "Hell Gate." 

From Dr. Fayson's Address to Seamen. 

If you examine your chart, you will find 
put down, not far from the latitude in which 
you now are, a most dangerous rock, called 
the Rock of Intemperance, or Drunkard's 
Rock. This rock, on which there is a high 
beacon, is almost white with the bones of 
poor sailors who have been cast away upon 
it. "You must be careful to give this rock a 
good berth, for there is a very strong current 
setting towards it. If you once get into that 
current, you will find it very difficult getting 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



187 



out again; and will be almost sure to strike 
and go to pieces. You will often find a par- 
cel of wreckers round this rock, who will try 
to persuade you that it is not so dangerous, 
and that there is no current. But take care 
how you believe them. Their only object is 
plunder. 

Not far from this terrible rock, you will 
find marked a whirlpool, almost equally dan- 
gerous, called, the Whirlpool of Bad Com- 
pany. Indeed, this Whirlpool often throws 
vessels upon Drunkard's Rock, as it hurries 
them round. It lies just outside the Gulf of 
Perdition ; and every thing which it swallows 
up, is thrown into that Gulf. It is surround- 
ed by several little eddies, which often draw 
mariners into it, before they know where 
they are. Keep a good look out then for 
these eddies, and steer wide of this whirlpool ; 
for it has swallowed up more sailors than ever 
the sea did. In fact, it is a complete Hell 
Gate. 



cancelled ; before they shall have been res- 
cued from the snares of the fowler, and 
have become to the moral world, what they 
now are to the commercial — " a magnificent 
agency for the good." 



THE HOME. 

A safe ani pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



From the Sailor's Magazine for Dec. 

Sailor's Home, New York. 

Frequent inquiries as to the present and 
prospective influence of this establishment, 
induce us to lay before our readers the fol- 
lowing communications. They are valuable 
testimonials, coming as they do from o-entle- 
men of at least three religious denominations, 
and who in their respective positions have 
had the best opportunity of forming correct 
opinions on the matters of which they testify. 
Capt. Proal has been many years in the mer- 
cantile, and Lieutenant Bartlett twelve years 
in the naval service ; while one of the minis- 
ters has preached the gospel to seamen more 
than twenty years. Eight other gentlemen 
whose names will be given under the head 
of pecuniary acknowledgments, have ex- 
pressed their sense of the importance and 
value of the Sailor's Home, by a donation of 
One Hundred Dollars each. Will not others 
follow their example, till this establishment 
shall be relieved from embarrassment occa- 
sioned by relieving the wants and mitigating 
the woes of shipwrecked, destitute and de- 
serving seamen ; and not only so, but be able 
to extend a discriminating and generous hand 
to every sailor who may need the kind aid of 
the good Samaritan. More than six hundred 
such persons were aided more or less within 
the year ending May 1, 1344. Their num- 
ber will necessarily decrease as they become 
temperate and provident. Already, improve- 
ment in this, as well as in other respects, is 
most manifest. Yet much, very much, is to 
be done- for the bodies and souls of these 
men, before our obligations to them are all 



New York, Oct. 10, 1844. 
k. Richardson, Esq. 

Dear Sir, — I have personally known so many 

destitute, shipwrecked seamen, who have been 

received, fed and clothed, at the Sailor's Home, 

in Cherry Street, New York, and sent to sea with 

good impressions, and grateful hearts, for the kind 

treutment they have there received, which on the 

part of the Institution exemplifies the gospel 

charity,— "I was a stranger and ye took me in, 

naked and ye clothed me,"— that I must cordially 

recommend the Institution to the munificence of 

the merciful. Respectfully, 

B. C. C. Parker, 

Minister of the Floating Ch. of our Saviour, 

for Seamen in the Port of New York. 



It is a fact, notorious to all conversant with 
Seamen's Boarding Houses, that every effort of 
opposition has been resorted to by landlords, to 
injure the popularity of the Home; and when 
they have proved ineffectual, many landlords 
have resorted to the expedient of adopting the 
sign of the Sailor's Home, sail under a false flag, 
or discard liquor, and set up a temperance board- 
ing house. If these are facts, and I think they 
can be easily substantiated, these alone I take to 
be of sufficient importance to establish a strong 
claim on the benevolence and charitable spirit of 
our citizens generally, for the support of the 
Home; especially that portion of them who are 
even in a remote degree benefitted by seamen. 
I cannot forbear adding, that it must be manifest 
even to the casual observer, that seamen are 
gradually improving under the favorable influ- 
ences brought to bear upon them, at this and 
similar institutions, when as well conducted as 
this Seamen's Home ot New York. 

Respectfully, Augcstus Proal. 



New York, Oct. 16, 1844. 

Dear Sir,— Experience ha8 taught me the 

fact that well regulated homes and Temperance 
Boarding Houses for Seamen, are indispensable 
to their moral improvement. No gerferal impres- 
sion can be made, nothing can be effectually 
done for their benefit without such institutions. 
The Sailor's Home, in Cherry Street, is regarded, 
and must be regarded, by all who are acquainted 
with its influence, as a mighty engine in the 
great work of reforming seamen. The relief it 
affords to shipwrecked and unfortunate seamen 
is an addition?! recommendation, and it is justly 
entitled to a liberal support. 

Henri Chase, 
Minister of Mariner's Church, N. Y. 



New York, Oct. 21. 1844. 
Dear Sir.— I have boarded at the Sailor's 
Home, in Cherry Street, for several weeks, and 
have been astonished and delighted with all its 
arrangements. The benefits it confers on the 
sailor, physically, intellectually, and spiritually, 
are inestimable. The benevolent feature in it, 
by which it relieves the bodily necessities of the 
shipwrecked and outcast seamen, I consider one 
of its chief recommendations; for it convinces 
the sailor that its founders care for his soul, by 
proving that they care for his body. I do not 
think that I am speaking extravagantly, when I 
say that this and like institutions are the great- 
est moral engines now in operation for. the con- 
version of the world. 

L. Grosvenor, 
Seaman's Preacher at Savannah. 



New York, Oct. 30, 1844. 
Dear Sir, — It affords me pleasure to be ena- 
bled to give my feeble testimony in favor of the 
advantages resulting to seamen from that excel- 
lent institution, the Sailor's Home. During many 
years experience, I never remember receiving 
an entire crew on board my ship the day of sail- 
ing, until 1 received them from this Home, which 
1 conceive to be vastly important to the Ship 
owners, Insurers, and Captains, independent of 
the evidence it exhibits to the world of an im- 
portant improvement in the moral character of 
seamen. 



Nov. 6, 1844. 

Dear Sir, — I cannot conceive it possible, that 
at this day, there is any person in the great city 
of New York, or scarcely in the United Slates, 
in the least connected with our immense com- 
mercial Marine, and who takes the slightest in- 
terest in the improvement of our hardy seamen, 
who has not fully investigated the immense ad- 
vantages they derive from the noble institution 
over which you so worthily preside. Twelve 
years passed in the naval service of our country, 
and recollections of my early nssocimions with 
seamen show me how great is the contrast in the 
scene at your Sailor's Home, and those of my 
early recollections at Sailor's Houses in my na- 
tive city. Of all the noble charities of our day, 
so well calculated to improve (what all desire to 
see) our generous seamen, I know of none which 
throws around them such holy influences, and 
lasting impressions as are found concentrated at 
the Home. 

Whenever I have had the pleasure of visiting 
your house, I have not only been pleased with all 
I saw there, but have left with feelings of pride, 
that our noble city can boast of such an institu- 
tion. Its influences are felt for good over every 
sea, while thousands of glad hearts have rejoiced 
over a son redeemed, or a homeless wanderer 
restored to grateful friends. Through its aid, 
thousands of seamen this day thank God, and 
bless the generous founders, that it has been their 
happy lot to have known and enjoyed the Sail- 
or's H.ime. 

That it will receive the continual support and 
fostering care of our princely merchants, and be- 
nevolent friends of the sailor, I have no doubt 
Such are the prayers of 

Your friend, and obedient servant, 

Washington A. Bartlett, 
U. S. Navy. 

Changes. 

BY J. O. ROCKWELL. 
The billows run along in gold 

Over the yielding m:iin, 
And when upon the shore unrolled, 

They gather up again : 
They get themselves a different form,. 

These children of the wind, 
And, or in sunlight or in storm, 

Leave the green land far behind. 



188 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



Lite's billows on Life's changing sea 

Come alway to death's shore, 
Some with a calm content, and free, 

Some with a hollow roar : 
They break and are no longer seen, 

Yet still defying time, 
Divided, and of different mien, 

They roll from clime to clime. 

All water-courses find the main j 

The main sinks back to earth : 
Life settles in the grave; — again 

The grave hath life and birth ; 
Flowers bloom above the sleeping dust, 

Grass grows from scattered clay ; 
And thus from death the spirit must 

To life find back its way. 

Life hath its range eternally, 

Like water, changing forms : 
The mists go upward from the sea, 

And gather into storms ; 
The dew and rain come down again, 

To fresh the drooping land ; 
So doth this life exult and wane, 

And alter, and expand. 



"A Map of busy life." 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

The Good Work among Seamen. 

To the Publisher. 

Sir, — I listened to a sermon at the Bethel, 
corner of Lewis and Commercial Streets, on 
Sunday, Dec. 1, 1844. Although a stormy 
morning, there were collected about two 
hundred seamen, and several females. God 
bless them, for giving their presence in such 
a tempestuous day. But when we remember 
who was first at the sepulchre and last at the 
cross of our Saviour, I am not at all sur- 
prised. I seldom have witnessed such pro- 
found attention in my life, during all the 
services. Prayers were asked for a captain 
and crew who were present. They had just 
been rescued from a watery grave, having 
been on a wreck forty-eight hours. They 
were taken off by a Cape Ann vessel. The 
captain, an old man, offered up the affections 
of a grateful heart to God, and those who 
saved him from death. Our text was," Love 
tour Enemies ; " and we were faithfully ad- 
monished to forgive our enemies, as we hope 
to be forgiven by our heavenly Father ; even 
as our blessed Saviour forgave his. with his 
dying breath, saying " Father, forgive them, 
for they know not what they do." Our 
Saviour's life and character were held up to 
the sailor as his chart, pilot, and guide 
through the stormy sea of life; through all 
our dangers and perils by sea and land ; 
through passions, intemperance, and all the 
vices that seamen have to try them. 

In the afternoon, the storm still continu- 
ing, our congregation was larger than the 
morning. The subject of the discourse was 
our Saviour's words, "What I say unto you 
I say unto all, watch." I scarcely ever lis- 
tened to a better sermon in my life. Such 



profound attention I have seldom witnessed. 
There sat the old captain and his crew. 
When he heard the preacher ask his hearers 
with wbat anxiety he must have watched for 
the breaking of the morning, and the coming 
of the vessel that rescued them from a watery 
grave, many a sun-burnt cheek was wet with 
tears to hear the preacher. To see the old 
man's countenance light up with joy, when 
he knew he was among Christian friends, 
who were watching and praying for him, was 
an affecting sight. 

You must excuse me, as I am no sermon- 
izer, and my limited education will not ad- 
mit of my writing an article worth your no- 
tice ; but for the sake of the poor sailor, 
whose special interest I love, I am induced 
to throw these few broken thoughts together. 

Mr. Printer, our Bethel is supported by 
charity. A few have borne the burden. 
The Lord has blessed the preaching at this 
Bethel, and many a sailor has been made to 
rejoice that he ever entered there. Many a 
mother and wife have been heard to exclaim, 
" This my son — my husband — teas lost and 
is found, was dead and is alive again." 
Over 2000 have signed the temperance 
pledge at this place. Many a wife and child 
have offered up thanksgiving to God, this 
year, that could not do it last year, for a 
husband and father have been given to them 
this year, who were lost to them and society 
the past one. They now sit at their own 
table, clothed, and in their right mind. 

Sir, — We want the aid of our merchants 
and captains. All the friends of the sailor 
should give us their help, for we need it. 
Our little chapel is crowded every pleasant 
Sabbath ; and our object is to procure a 
larger place of worship. But I must close, 
hoping that God will verify his promise, and 
that soon the abundance of the sea will be 
converted unto him. Patriarch. 

Boston, Sunday Evening, ) 
Dec. 1, 1844. J 

Kneel, There is no Hope left. 

BY D'AELINCOURT. 

The shipwreck of the Pegasus, on the 
coast of Scotland, occurred during fine 
weather, and on a starry night. The cap- 
tain of the steamer had determined to steer 
between some unknown rocks, where no one 
ever thought of risking a vessel. It was 
about half past twelve, and the passengers 
had retired quietly to rest. A terrible shock 
and fearful cries awoke them ; the Pegasus 
had just struck on a rock, the water poured 
in on every side with irresistible violence, 
and the vessel filled rapidly. Men and 
women rushed, half dressed, on deck. Many 
jumped into the boats that lay alongside, but 
one of the boats sank, owing to a movement 
of the steamer, and the other disappeared in 



the yawning gulf of waters in which the Pe- 
gasus itself was swallowed. What a scene 
to describe ! A clergyman was standing on 
deck. 

" Kneel," said he to the unfortunates who 
surrounded him, " there is no hope left in 
this world ; lift your eyes to the next, my 
brethren ! Kneel, and let us die with clasped 
hands and a prayer on our lips ! " 

Each prostrated himself on the instant ; 
no more cries of despair were heard ; a mute 
resignation succeeded to the frenzy of terror. 
The women, above all, pious victims, await- 
ed death with a calm countenance; one of 
them held in her arms a newly born infant, 
and this infant unconscious of the approach- 
ing catastrophe and of its horrors, played 
with its mother's fair hair and smiled ten- 
derly on her. What a contrast and what a 
picture! The frightful gulf and the bright 
sky, the sweet smile of the child and the ter- 
rified glance of the mother. The clergy- 
man extended his hands over his fellow suf- 
ferers. 

" Christians," resumed he, with a voice 
solemn as the grave, " behold the hour of 
eternity. May your sins be forgiven ! I 
bless you." And as he spoke, clergyman, 
sailors, passengers, all disappeared in the 
midst of the abyss. 

Fifty-five persons were on board the steam- 
er, and of these fifty-three perished. Two 
sailors alone miraculously escaped, and it 
was by one of these, an eye-witness of the 
disastrous scene, that the details were re- 
lated. 

[H/*A friend of seamen has presented us with a small 
volume of Tracts, hearing marks of having been often 
read. One of the tracts is the justly celebrated address 
of Dr. I'ayson, before the Portland Bible Society. 

We give a short extract for the benefit of our readers.. 

The Sailor's Best Chart. 

I might proceed to describe the remainder 
of your course, but it is needless ; for yod 
will find it all in your chart, the Bible. 
With this chart, the Society which invited 
you here, this evening, are ready to furnish 
every destitute seaman; and they do it on 
purpose that your voyage may be prosperous 
and its termination happy. And now, ship- 
mates, let me ask you one question more. 
Should a ship's crew, bound on a long and 
dangerous voyage, refuse to provide them- 
selves with either quadrant, chart, or com- 
pass ; or, being furnished by their owner 
with these articles, should stow them away 
in the hold, and never use them ; never 
mind their helm, keep no look out, pay no 
regard to their pilot's directions, but spend 
their time in drinking and carousing; have 
you any doubt that they would be lost before 
their voyage was over ? And when you 
heard that they were lost, would you .not say, 
It is just as I expected ; but they have no one 






SHEET ANCHOR. 



189 



to blame except themselves? Just so, my 
dear shipmates, if you refuse to receive the 
Bible, the book which your Maker and Owner 
has given, to assist in shaping your course ; 
or if you lay this book aside in your chests, 
and never study it; or if you study it, and 
do not shape your course by it, nor pay any 
regard to the directions of Jesus Christ, your 
commander and pilot ; but make it your only 
object, to live an easy, careless, merry life; 
be assured that you will make shipwreck of 
your souls, and founder in that gulf which 
has no bottom; and while you feel that you 
are lost, lost, lost forever, you will also feel 
that you have no one to blame for it but your- 
selves. You cannot blame God, your Crea- 
tor and Owner; for he has kindly given you 
his only Son, to be your pilot, and his book 
to be your chart. You cannot blame your 
fellow creatures, for, by the hands of this 
Society, they now offer you this book, " with- 
out money and without price." 



T.HJH SAJbOOH. 

Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



U*In the u Sunday School Teacher," {the best publi- 
cation of the kind with which we are acquainted,) is a 
story of a wandering sailor boy , whose mother constantly 
remembered him in her prayers. The gracious answer 
to her supplications was the conversion of her son and 
husband in a foreign land, under circumstances of thril- 
ling interest. 

The Mother and her Sailor Boy. 

The mother's boy was wandering she knew 
not where ; but God's providence was fol- 
Jowing him, and leading him to salvation. 
He had embarked in a vessel, and, after a 
long voyage, arrived in Charleston, South 
Carolina. Here he remained destitute and 
despondent several weeks ; but, at the mo- 
ment of his extremity, his father arrived un- 
expectedly in the harbor from Havre, France. 
The boy, subdued by reflection and sorrow 
flew to the arms of his parent, confessing his 
misconduct with tears. The juvenile ro- 
mance of adventure had died in his bosom, 
'but the tender remembrance of his home 
still lived, melting his young heart, and dis- 
posing him to return to its deserted altar, 
and mingle there his tears with those of a 
mother's anxiety and love. 

The vessel sailed for Havana. It arrived 
at a time when the yellow fever raged in the 
city. In a few days the poor boy, predisposed 
perhaps by his grief, was attacked by the 
dreadful malady. And now revived, in over- 
powering force, the recollections of his early 
religious instructions. The confused reveries 
of a fevered brain could not dispel them. 
The atonement, the duty of repentance and 
faith, the terrors of death, judgment, and 



hell, were ever present to his mind. Ah, 
even in this extremity, the prayers of the 
desolate mother were prevailing in heaven. 

One day, when all hope of his recovery 
had gone, the father — a man of strong feel- 
ings — entered with a broken spirit the cham- 
ber. The dying boy, with his tears dropping 
upon his pillow, was sobbing the name of his 
mother : " My mother, my dear mother, oh 
that she were here to pray for me as she 
used to." 

The father bent over him, unable, for a 
time, to speak, but mingling his tears with 
those of his son. Clasping his trembling 
hands, and casting a look of appalling earn- 
estness at his parent, the boy exclaimed, 
" Father, I am dying with my sins upon me. 
I shall be lost in my present state. Send, O 
send for some one to pray for me." 

" My child," replied the father, trembling 
with emotion, " there are none but Catholic 
clergymen on the island, and they cannot 
help you." 

" O what shall I do, then, father," ex- 
claimed the son. 

" Pray for yourself, my dear child," re- 
plied the father, unwilling to repose the des- 
tiny of his son on his own infidel views of 
the future. 

" I do," responded the boy ; " but I need 
the help of others. O can you not, will you 
not, pray yourself for your perishing son, 
father?" 

The captain felt as if the earth shook be- 
neath him. He had never prayed in his life, 
but his heart melted over his child; he felt, 
as by consciousness, the necessity and truth 
of religion ; he felt that none but God could 
meet this terrible emergency of man. As if 
smitten down, he fell on his knees by the 
bed-side of his son ; his spirit was broken, 
his tears flowed like rain, and with agony he 
called upon God to save himself and his 
child. The family and servants of the house 
were amazed, but he prayed on : and before 
he rose from his knees, his child's prayers 
were heard, if not his own. The suffering 
boy found the peace of God which passeth all 
understanding. He died, trusting in his 
Saviour, and full of tranquil hope. 

Oppressed with sorrow, the father did not 
cease to pray for himself. He was deeply 
convicted of sin, and before long found peace 
in believing. 

He returned to B , his child a corpse, 

but himself a new man — the one in heaven 
and the other on his way. He brought to 
his wife the first news she had received of 
her missing son. She wept, but with tears 
of gratitude as well as sorrow ; acknowledg- 
ing that in afflicting her God had blessed 
her. Her prayers had not failed. Providence 
had overruled the misconduct of her child for 
his own and his father's salvation. 



Captain L. lived several years after this 
incident, a devoted Christian, and died 
praising God aloud for his mercy to him at 
Cuba. 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

Father Matthew on Shipboard. 

Extract from a Letter written to his sister, by a sca^ 
man on board U. S.Ship Cumberland,* dated June 3, 
1G44. ' 

Dear Sister, — You will please receive 
my warmest thanks for the books and papers 
you sent. Your truly sisterly advice shall 
not be forgotten. Enclosed you will find 
the Pledge you sent me, with my name' 
affixed. So long as you keep that, I will 
preserve my pledge inviolate. 

With regard to my being the " Father 
Matthew" of temperance on board this ship, 
you are a long way astern ; for we already 
have our society here. It was formed in 
Boston Harbor. Since that time, out of the 
crew of 450 men, nearly 300 have signed the 
Pledge. I will not say they have all kept it, 
but it has been the means of much good. 
"Take us all in all," we are about as decent 
a set of tars as ever sailed. We have our 
temperance meetings the last Saturday of 
every month regularly. Don't think your 
land lubbers are going to have all the honor 
to yourselves, for Yankee tars are fast en- 
listing, to fight old King Alcohol. Our bat- 
tle-cry is Onward ! It may seem incredible, 
but out of 450 men only five draw their spirit 
rations. %* 

* This is the noble ship we had the pleasure of holding 
a temperance meeting on board of, in company with 
our friend, Mr. A. J. Lock f., just previous to her sailing 
for the Mediteranean. Three cheers for the Cumber- 
land ! — Kd. Sheet Anchor. 



Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 



A Boy's Prayer. 



Here is a beautiful instance of childlike 
confidence in God. Those who please may 
smile at the idea that this boy's prayer had 
any connection with the result, but the story 
is a fine one, as we find it in a speech re- 
cently delivered in London, by Rev. J. C. 
Brown, a young missionary about to sail in 
the John Williams, for the South Seas. 

A boy who had been liberated from a cap- 
tured slave vessel was landed at Sierra Leone, 
and placed under the care of a schoolmaster, 
named Thompson. On one occasion, the 
boys not being in school, and the door being 
shut, Mr. T., on passing, heard a murmur- 
ing ; he listened and discovered that this 
boy was engaged in prayer. His petitions 
were to the following effect : — 

" My Lord Jesus, me tank thee that wicked 
man come and catch me; and that good 
King George's big ship come and catch 
wicked man's ship, and bring me here, and 



190 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



Massa Thompson teach me read, and teach 
me know thee. Me one very great favor to 
ask ; send more wicked man catch father 
and mother, and send King George's hig 
ship, catch wicked man's ship, and bring 
father and mother here, and Massa Thomp- 
son teach them read, and teach them know 
thee; and we all go to heaven together." 

Some might say, what a prayer! The boy 
told what he wanted, and in the words that 
his wants suggested. Mr. Thompson then 
went and spoke to him, and asked him 
whether he thought Jesus Christ would hear 
such a prayer. To which he replied that he 
(Mr. T.) had said Christ would hear all prayer. 

In the evening of that day, Mr. Thompson 
was walking on the beach, and there saw 
little Tom. On asking him what he was 
doing, he replied, he had come to see whether 
Christ had heard his prayer. He continued 
frequently to visit the beach, and one evening 
returned dancing and clapping his hands. 
Mr. Thompson inquired the reason. He re- 
plied — " Prayer answered. Father and 
mother come." And dragging Mr. Thomp- 
son to the beach, he pointed out two aged 
negroes who had just been saved from a 
slaver by a man-of-war — his own parents. 
Thus Tom exemplified not only the spirit of 
real prayer, but showed a waiting spirit, an- 
ticipating the reception of the blessing asked. 



shut ^n r ofci©e 5 




— 

sa 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, DEC. 21, 1844. 

KrThe SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall bo, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and aU EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

Close of Volume II. 

With devout gratitude to our heavenly 
Father we close the editorial labors of an- 
other year. This number completes the 
second volume of the Sheet Anchor. 

In reviewing our humble labors since we 
commenced this paper, we see much for 
which we have occasion to be thankful to 
the sailor's God. Amid many discourage- 
ments, many errors, we have been cheered by 
the sweet promise of our Redeemer: " Lo, 
I am with you alway, even unto the end of 
the world." His gracious smile, whose coun- 
tenance is the light and glory of heaven, has 



ever been with us, since the first number of 
the Sheet Anchor was issued. We have 
never doubted for a moment its ultimate suc- 
cess. He, whose we are and whom we serve, 
delighted when on earth to do good to the 
sons of the ocean ; and we have labored 
faithfully in their cause, with the confident 
assurance that He will not forget them in 
heaven. 

"Tossed upon life's raging billow, 
Sweet it is, O Lord, to know, 

Thou didst press a sailor's pillow, 
And canst feel a sailor's wo." 

The size of our edition has gradually in- 
creased, until we now print nearly 6000 
copies — the number we expected to reach at 
the close of the second year. Many of these, 
however, are gratuitous — being distributed 
to seamen's chaplains, keepers of sailor's 
homes, and others friendly to the good cause — 
so that if all our actual subscribers were to 
pay punctually, the income from the paper 
would be small. It requires a large number 
of paying — please mark the word— PAYING 
subscribers, to meet our necessary expenses 
at the office. Without these, our laborious 
endeavors to do good to seamen will be seri- 
ously impeded. 

There are some hundreds of persons who 
owe us for the Sheet Anchor from the first 
number. Their subscriptions just now would 
materially aid us in our labors of love for 
their and our brethren of the sea. Friends 
of seamen ! friends of the Sheet Anchor ! 
shall we not hear from you, without any fur- 
ther delay 1 Remember, your post-master will 
remit your subscription, if refjuested, without 
any expense to you or us. 

Our agents will please proceed at once to 
make collections, and forward at our risk. — 
If any who receive the paper are too poor to 
pay for it, and will so inform us, they shall 
have it continued to them for nothing ; but 
we earnestly ask those who are able to pay 
us one dollar, to send it at once. You shall 
have our thanks, friends, with our redoubled 
exertions to make the Sheet Anchor all that 
the well-wishers of the seamen's cause can 
reasonably desire it to be. 

Deferred Articles. — Several choice 
communications, which came at a late hour, 
are crowded out of this number. Some of 
them will appear in our next. Among these 
is "The Story of a Bethel Flag," by Capt. 
Bowers, of Boston, the official account of 
the presentation of a truly beautiful banner 
to the Boston Mariner's Total Abstinence 
Society, and reports of the re-organization of 
two Seamen's Friends Associations. 

Besides these, we have a great variety of 
excellent selections in store for our readers. 
We wonder if they have their subscriptions 
in store for us? 



XT' A friend to seamen, to whom we are indebted for 
several valuable articles, has furnished us the following. 
We earnestly call to it the attention of our leaders. 

The National Grog Tub. 

Now is the time for the friends of the 
sailor to bestir themselves, and make a grand 
rush for the abolition of the spirit ration in 
the Navy. Let the mighty avalanche of pub- 
lic sentiment roll in from all quarters of our 
country to the citadel, and knock loudly at 
the door of Congress, and plead the cause of 
the sailor; let petitions be sent from every 
hamlet, praying that the nation hold no lon- 
ger the bottle to the sailor's mouth; let 
those who have signed petitions upon this 
subject in days that are past, sign again ; 
let them take courage from the prosperity of 
the past. Congress almost did its duty last 
winter in relation to the matter, and we have 
faith to believe that before the fourth of 
March, 1845, the spirit ration will be stricken 
from the list. The honor of the nation de- 
mands that the grog tub should be numbered 
among the things that were ; the cause of 
humanity demands it; the cause of tempe- 
rance demands it; the cause of God demands 
it. Friends of temperance ! send immedi- 
ately respectful petitions upon this subject, 
" To the Honorable Senate and House of 
Representatives at Washington," and depend 
upon it your prayers will be heard. Remem- 
ber that activity and well-directed zeal in any 
good cause, ensures success. The price of 
liberty, it is said, is eternal vigilance, and 
we must strive earnestly for an object if we 
desire its attainment. As being intimately 
connected with the subject under discussion, 
we furnish the following extract from a letter 
received a day or two since, from the com- 
mander of one of our national vessels, now 
upon the Coast of Africa : 

" Now, my dear sir, in regard to the good and great 
subject in which you are so nobly engaged — temperance 
amo ng seamen, and all others. lam gratified in being 
able to say, that a large part of my crew voluntarilv stop 
their ration of grog ; but I am sorry to say, that almost 
all will get drunk when they go on shore. If it was not 
for the rum-selling land-shatks, the poor sailor would 
seldom require the aid or pity of the good Samaritan. 
But so it is; and nothing but a long continual series of 
faithful, vigorous and unremitted exertion*, will put a 
stop to this monster traffick. May the Washingtoniana 
continue their warfare against this tyrannical enemy, and 
not confine themselves to the shores of their own coun- 
try, but carry the war to the shores of Africa against 
their own countrymen, who are there dealing out im- 
mense quantities of this should-be contraband poison. 
Let thorn hold this traffick up as an enormity — a twin 
6ister of the slave trade itself. 

" In regard to the Navy groq ration, I should rejoice 
lo have Congress do it entirely away, and not onlv that, 
but prohibit by regulation, the introduction on board of 
all liquors, even wine By the officers. Such a regu- 
lation, I believe, would soon become popular, and the 
good example be soon followed by the navies of other 
countries." 

Resolutions of Middlesex (Mass.) Temperance Society. 
Resolved, That the moral and physical well being of 
our national seamen, as well as the welfare and honor 
of our country, demand that Congress should immedi- 
ately abolish the spirit ration in our Navy. Qj- 



SHEET ANCHOR 



191 



A place on ship-board for slowing away miscellany. 



WATAL. 

The U. S. ship Lexington will sail in a few 
days for Malion. Letter bngs for the Mediter- 
ranean squadron will be open at the Naval Ly- 
ceum, Navy Yard, up to the day of her sailing.— 
The following is a list of her officers : 

Francis B. Ellison, Commander ; Dnminick Lynch 
Lieutenant ; J.J. Abernethy, Surgeon ; Tlios. B. iN'alle, 
Purser; S. Chase Barney, Acting Master ; J. M.Dun- 
can, Robert A. Knapp, Edward T. Tatnall, Passed Mid- 
shipmen ; J. R. Bleeker, Captain's Clerk; John O'Brien, 
Surgeon's Steward ; Simon Webster, Purser's Steward. 

The U. S. schooner Shark wus at Callao on the 
21st August. 

The V. S. frigate Savannah sailed about three 
weeks previous for the Sandwich Islands. 

U. S. store ship Relief, sailed four days previ- 
ous for Valparaiso. 

At Macoa, August 4, U. S. ships Brandywine, 
Com. Parker, from West Coast of America, Dec 
1 ; St. Louis, Capt. Tilton, to sail on a cruise, 
Sept. 1 ; brig Perry, Capt. Keith, to sail on a 
cruise August 15. 

U. S. frigate Potomac, Capt. Gwinn, dropped 
down to Hampton Roads. 

Hon. Wm. Crump, of Virginia, U. S. Charge 
d'Affaires to Chili, and his son Richard Crump, 
his private Secretary, and Hon. J. H. Bryan, of 
Ohio, U. S. Charge d'Affaires to Peru, and son, 
Richard Bryan, his private Secretary, go out as 
passengers in the Potomac. 

U. S. Steam Frigate Missouri— Capt. Towns- 
end, of the bark Douglass, states that a week 
previous to his sailing, a S. VV. gale destroyed the 
works they had made to raise the steam frigate 
Missouri, that the bottom of the vessel had split, 
and that it was impossible to raise the wreck, or 
get any thing more from her. 

Tin Ocean Battle Field.— On the 4th of July 
last, the U. S. frigate Macedonian, under Com. 
M. C. Perry, at about 3 o'clock, p. m., was on the 
Equator, 3C E. long., and fired 2G guns in honor 
of the 26 States of the Union. At ten minutes 
past 7, she was at the exact spot where the me- 
ridian of Greenwich crosses the equator; and on 
that point, equi-distant from the two poles and 
intersecting the geographical meridian, 13 guns 
were fired in honor of the original 13 States. 

Q^r" Lieut Wilke's Narrative of the Explor- 
ing Expedition, will be published in five large 
volumes, comprising about 2500 pages of letter 
press ; and the price to subscribers will be twen- 
ty-five dollars. It is to contain 08 steel engrav- 
ings, 46 steel vignettes worked among the letter 
press, and over 300 wood cuts, with an appropri- 
ate number of maps. 

(jy Captain Newton has been suspended for 
two years by a court martial, for criminal neg- 
lect in the burning of the steam frigate Missouri 
a year ago. 

Loss of an Indiaman and three Lives. — The 
ship Massasoit, (of Plymouth,) Barry, from Cal- 
cutta for this port, came into Massachusetts Bay 
on Wednesday evening, and soon after, a severe 



N. E. gale commenced, accompanied by thick 
snow, and at 10, p. m. struck on Point Alderton 
liar, near Boston Light, one of the points most 
exposed to a north-east storm. Soon after she 
struck, three seamen attempted to swim on shore, 
hut two were drowned, and the other reached the 
shore with great difficulty. Mr. IIolbrook, of 
Roxbury, a passenger was also lost. 

Rescue of Indians. — On the 1st of February 
1843, the ship Martha, of Newport, R. I., whaler, 
while cruising in the neighborhood of the King 
Mill group, South Pacific, after a westerly gale, 
in standing in for Simpson's Island, at about 4 
p. m., picked up a canoe to which clung five at a 
time of seven nearly drowned natives. They 
seemed to expect to be devoured. One of them 
was nearly exhausted — an old wrinkled man ap- 
parently 60. They were out fishing when the 
gale came on suddenly, and there being too many 
in the canoe, she swamped. 

IVhale Fishery of the United States. — The im- 
ports of these fisheries into the United States for 
the year 1843, are thus stated in the Boston Daily 
Advertiser: 

Ships and barks, 193; brigs, 28 ; schooners, 13; 
making a total tonnage of 67,593 tons. These 
vessels brought in 165,744 barrels of sperm oil, 
205,861 bbls. whale oil, and 1,908,047 lbs. bone. 

The exports of spermaceti and whale oil, and 
whale bone for the nine months ending the 30th 
day of June, 1843, was in value, $1,372,023, and 
$243,208, in spermaceti candles. The Hanse 
Towns and Holland, are our best customers for 
whale oil, but England takes nearly all the sperm 
oil exported. 

Qy* The quantity of fish caught, and smoked, 
and dried, in the U. States, in 1840, was 773,947 
quintals ; and of pickled fish, 472,359i barrels. 

f£]r*The famous slave brig Bolladue, was cap- 
tured by H. B. M. brig Albatros, on the 10th of 
August, in the neighborhood of Galenas. 

{£/*" A project is on foot at New Orleans, to 
build four iron steamers, to run between that port 
and New York, at an estimated expense of 
$100,000 each. 

(U 3 A letter from Salonica says, that piracy is 
increasing in the Greek Sea. Dead bodies, it is 
said, are often found, the heads having been cut 
off by pirates, that they may not be recognized. 

(U* Capt. Wm. Crowell, of Yarmouth, master 
of schr. Blossom, hung himself in his cabin while 
she lay at Newport, R. I., a few days since. 

The Welland Canal. — This work, says the 
Canada papers, is now nearly completed, and nav- 
igation will be opened in the spring for the pas- 
sage from Lake to Lake, of all vessels of 26 feet 
beam and 124 feet in length. 

Steam Boat Explosion. — A vast proportion 
of the steam boat explosions on our western riv- 
ers may be traced to the intemperance of the 
engineers and hands on board. 

More Big Guns. — Some large guns for the U. 
States government, have just been finished at 
Pittsburg. They weigh five tons. 



05*" The Insurance Companies in Wall Street, 
New York, alone, covered marine losies of the 
memorable gale of the 6th of October, to the 
amount of more than a million of dollars. 

(C? 1 ' A captain of a ship said to a sailor who 
had fallen overboard one morning, "You have had 
but an indifferent breakfast" "Not so bad," re- 
plied the tar, " for I have had a good duck." 

Items from WILDER Be SMITH'S European Times, re- 
ceived at the Sheet Anchor Office. 

New Quarantine Regulation. — The Commission- 
ers of Customs have been directed by the Privy Council 
to release from quarantine, immediately on their arrival, 
her majesty's ships of war as well as foreign men of 
war coming from the Mediterranean, provided all per- 
sons on board are in good health, and not less than fif- 
teen days have elapsed since touching at a Turkish port 
in the Mediterranean. 

The Hull Advertiser states that the docks of that port 
are so crowded, that the admission of more vessels is 
impracticable. 

A coal ship of 130 tons burthen, built of iron, fitted 
with the screw propeller, and worked by an engine of 
twenty horse power, from New Castle to London, lias 
excited a good deal of attention on the Thames. 

An iron ship-building Company has been formed in 
Glasgow, for the purpose of bringing ships of that ma- 
terial into more general operation. One of the regula- 
tions of the new Company is, to insure all vessels buiU 
under the inspection of their engineers. The co-opera- 
tion of several influential men in Liverpool has been 
secured. 

An American seaman was fined £5, at the Liverpool 
Police Court, or be imprisoned two months, for an as- 
sault on another seafaring man, named M'Dowell. 

NOTICfi TO MARINERS. 

The following have been received at Lloyd'*, from the Hydro- 

gmphic Office, Admiralty, dated Oct. 25, 1844. 

REVOLVING LIGHT ON THE ROCK OF LISBON. 

The Portuguese government has given notice, that the 
light on Capa de Roca, on the rock of Lisbon, has been 
altered from a fixed to a revolving light, each revolution 
being completed in two minutes ; during the first minute 
it will present a red light, the greatest intensity of which 
will continue thirty seconds ; and during the second 
minute it will present a bright light of the greatest bril- 
liancy, and which will also continue thirty seconds. — 
The light is in lat. 38°4G'N., and Ion. 9° 29' W., and 
being 495 feet above the level of the sea, may be seen, 
in very clear weather, at the distance of E or 9 leagues. 

The Danish government has published the following notices: 
GREAT BELT. 
A fixed light has been established on the westernmost 
point of Zealand, called Reefs Nae, at the northern en- 
trance to the Great Belt. The light Btands on a tower, 
at the height of 70 feet above the level of the sea, and it 
Tisible at the distance of ihree leagues on all bearingi 
excepting those between VV. g N., and N. N. W. Spro- 
goes Island light revolves four times in a minute, and 
will in future appear every night. 

LITTLE BELT. 
The fixed light on the island of Bargoe, has been ele- 
vated to the height of 33 feet above the level of the sea, 
and is now visible in all bearings except that of S. W. 
by W.. where it is concealed by the tower of Bargoe. 

LIGHT SHIP OFF FALSTKRBO REEF. 
The following ordinance was issued by the Royal Navy Board, 
at Stockholm, on the 18th October last : 
The Royal ]\avy Board hereby makes known, for the 
information of mariners, that the Light Ship which w«« 
placed off Falsterbo Reef, having been driven from her 
moorings, has been carried into port, and that the season 
being so far advanced, it is not intended to replace her 
on the station this year. Notice will be given in the pa- 
pers at what period next spring the vessel will be replae- 
ed off the reef. 



192 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



THi SJUME AM©»® IftVftGBff. 




The grand War Expedition of Finow, in the Hafai Fleet, against Vavaoo. — Paa-e 5272. 



In "Stories of the Sea" we have exhibited the peculiar dangers and sufferings of seamen, when cast by shipwreck amon<r savages The 
tfiSS^ftttSi Sued 8 «TL Vo!ce KSttu7' ^ ^ "^ ^ ** "^ fV ° m ' ^ PleaS ^ naUti "' b °°" ^ b ' 




GENERAL AGENT. 
I Capt. THOMAS \ r . SULLIVAN, Boston, Mas 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
I Rev.S. BVILEY, of Dorchester. 
; GEORGE L. COBURN,New Haven. Conn. 



1PS£21 S2<B>2E> , 5E' JS.^?*©-^* 

The Knot which God has joined together : let not man 
put it asunder. 



In this city, 28th ult., Capt. Wm. Eldred, of Fal- 
m iuth, to Miss Patience G. Withington. 

P-Hhinst.by Rev. R.H.Ne ale, Mr. Barker Crooker 
lo Rebecca, daughter of the late Capt. Victor Blair. 

In New York, by Rev. J. Poisal, Benoit M. Jehi.en 
(previous to his embarkation for Havre.) to Marietta 
A. Munson, Supervisor of the Clothing Store of the 
Mariner's Family Industrial Society of JNew York. 



&g§g3t^ 




THE LAST VOYAGE. 

Ocean has m7riad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall reud the peopled sea? 



In Dorchester, Capt. John Bussey, aged 61 vears. 

Drowned, from on board ship Zone, of Nantucket on 
Off Shore Ground, April -0, Ma nuel Valado. 3d offi- 
cer. He was knocked overboard by a blanket piece, 
while in the act of cutting in. The steward of the Z. a 
colored man, died on board previous to thit time. 

At Parimaribo, VV. I., Nor. 3d, Cap!. Michael A. 
J'aksons, of Gloucester, Ms. 



Institutions for Seamen in the United States, 

Savings Banks for Seamen.— iV««o i'ork. No. 
71, Wall Street. Open every day (Sundays excepted.) 
between 12 and 2 o'clock. 

Portland. Soutli corner of the Mariner's Church, 
(up stairs.) 

Dorian. Tremont Street. Open daily, (Sundays ex- 
cepted,) from in to i o'clock. 

A'eio Haven. J n the building of the N. Haven Bank. 

Mariners' Churches. — ftfeto Korft. Roosevelt 
Street, Kev. Henry Chase, IBS Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner nf Catharine and Cherrv Streets, Rev. 
I. K. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, font of Pike 
Street. East River. Rev. B. C. C. Paiker. Methodist 
Kpiscopal Church. Cherry, near Clinton Street. Wes- 
leyaji Ship., foot of Rector Street, North River. 

Portland. Rev.G. W. Bourne. Exchange Hall. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord ; Bethel Church. North Square Rev. E. T. Tavlor 
"Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denisnn] 
Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. Elder J. \V.' 
Holm in, over Quincv Market. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton 

Ne\o Bedford Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, U. I. u c v. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Stieet. 

Newark, A. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 
0. Douglass. Shippen. cor. Swanson ; Rev. J. S. Taylor 

Seamen's Bethel Union, East side of Front Street be- 
tween Spruce and Pine; Rev. Thos. Porter. Missionary 

Baltimore. Fell s Point, Allisanna St., Rev. H Best 

Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Da v. 

Pittsburgh. Kev. Hugh Kelley. 

Ottioego. Rev. F. Pirr'ce. 

Rockitlx, Va Rev. A. Mebanc. 

Savannah. Henfield Manner's Ch., Rev. G. White. 



GOOD SAILOR OOARDING-DOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept bv Daniel Tracy 99 
1 urchase Street. The Manner's House, under the m- 
trnnage or the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Lrodhead 2i!i, Ann Street. J. Savage. 10 Washington 

lace. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 863 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets 



Temperance Boarding House lor Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Qui.v, Jr., No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Maktin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Lanodon 
Place. Salisbury, No. 90 Commercial Street. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Hosmer No 
51 North Market Street. 

Dtviu C'HAFFiN,77.i Commercial Street. 

Mrs Street, 209 Ann Street. 

J. R. TAYLOR, 40 Southac St., for colored seamen. 

Safem. K.benezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mrs 
Greenleaf. Becket Street, near Deiby Street. 

Portland; Bfe.— Seamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis 
Fore Stieet, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Phipps. Seamen's Mansion 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the A merican Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 

('apt. Roland Geiston. No. 3-'0, Pearl Street. 

Other Boarding-Houses in New York City John 
McLellan,154 Cherry Street; Thomas Jenkins, (coloi- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. v 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direction of the 
Ameriran Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. 1" 
Powell. G] Cherry Street. 

Providence, K. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 93 
South Water Street. 

Charleston, ('apt. Hamilton, 33 Queen Street. 

Portsmouth, N. H. Charles E. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets. Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home, (F.astb.irn House,) 
10, Lombard Street, near Front Sttect. Sam'l Room, 
under the care of the Female Seamen's i-riend Society.' 

Sailor's Home.N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts.Jiy Win. Hammond, under thecare of the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street 

Capl. Ilalcnlin. 

New Haven. William J. Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street, Fell's Point. 



American Seamen's Friend Society. 

Communications relating to the general concerns of 
the American Seamen's Friend Sociel v. should be di- 
rected to Capt. F.oward Richardson. President and 
General Agent, or to Rev. John Spaitluing, Financial 
Seciotary, No. 7). Wall Street 

Donations in aid of the funds, mav be sent lo Cn n. 
N. Talbot, Treasurer, No. fifi, South Street, or to the 
office of the Society, No. 71, Wall Street, New York. 

Sailor's Magazine. — The Sailor's Magazine is 
published by the American Seamen's Friend Societ\ . 
at their office, No. 71, Wall Street. N< « York, and 'is 
devoted to the improvement of the social and moral 
condition of seamen. It is issued monthly; contains 
thirty-two payes 8vo. Price $1 50, a year, in advam e. 



£W^ tf?wK*4? 




JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. ::::::::::::::::':::::: : REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 3. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1845. 



No. 2. 



Bljtet Situtjor. 

OFFICE 39 MERCHANTS ROW. 
^ot sectarian, devoted exclusively to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIRTUE to TEMPERANCE 

to HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of every month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain five subscribers, and remit 
the money, shall receive the sixth copy gratis, and ill 
the same proportion for larger numbers. 

i^y-AU business letters most be directed to the Pub- 
lisher, JO nIATHAN HOWE, 39 Merchants Row. 



THE STORY. 

W Wonders of the deep." 



IMJiDENT 01 A WHALER; 

BY AN EYE WITNESS. 

Perhaps there is no voyage attempted by? 
man, where there is so much danger attend- 
ing, as whaling. The hardy mariners engag- 
ed in this business have not only the elements 
to contend with, but also the great leviathan 
of the deep. Many ships cruise in latitudes 
but little known, and encounter severe gales 
and suffer many privations which are un- 
known to those engaged in the merchant ser- 
vice. It was once my lot to be engaged in 
this business, and an incident occurred dur- 
ing that voyage which may well be worth re- 
lating. There are several persons on the 
Island of Nantucket, who can vouch for its 
authenticity. 

Early one pleasant morning, while cruis- 
ing near the equator, the man on the main- 
top-gallant cross-trees, sang out, " there she 
blows !" which is the usual intelligence to 
the officers on deck that a whale is in sight. 

" Where away ?" lustily inquired the mate. 

" Three points off the bow, sir. There 
she blows! looks like a sperm whale, sir," 
again sung out the man. 

The mate had already ascended the rigging 
as high as the top-mast cross-trees, when he 
arranged his spy glass, and looked in the di- 
rection in which the whale was blowing. 

" There she blows — that's a sperm whale," 
exclaimed the confident mate. " Mr. Em- 
mons," continued he, addressing the second 
mate, who was on deck, " call the captain." 

But this was unnecessary ; the captain had 
already turned out of his berth, and rushed 
• on deck, where he was finishing his toilet. 

" Mr. Fisher, what is it? a fin back I" in- 
quired he of the mate. 

" No, no, sir, sperm whale — I -could see 



his hump very distinctly with the glass — but 
he is gone down now." 

" What time is it, steward 1" inquired the 
captain. After ascertaining which, he ad- 
dressed the second mate, telling him to finish 
washing off at once, and order the boat- 
steerers to get their boats in readiness. The 
captain was all " eager for the fray ;" he as- 
cended the rigging, till having reached the 
fore-top-gallant yard, (the sail being furled,) 
he seated himself, and inquired of the mate, 
" how far off the whale was when last seen?" 
" About four or five miles." 
" Which way was he heading?" 
"To leeward, sir, as near as I could judge." 
•' On deck there ! " hailed the captain. 
" Halloa, sir." 

" Keep her off two points, and square in 
the yards a bit." 

" Aye, aye, Mr," repiitrt) the second mate. 
^ .The yards were squared in, and the good 
ship Cyrus, of Nantucket, began to move a lit- 
tle faster through the water. The mate hinted 
to die captain that probably the ship might run 
over the whale, and asked him if the foresail 
should not be hauled down. 

Nearly forty-five minutes had now elapsed 
since the whale disappeared ; and every eye 
strained in looking for him. 

" There she blows !" shouted half a dozen 
voices at once. 

" I see him, my lads," said captain Hussey; 
" There he is, Mr. Fisher, about a mile off, 
we will lay down and lower away." 

The boats were immediately lowered from 
the davits into the water, and every man soon 
in his respective place. 

" Use your paddles instead of oars ; do you 
hear the other boats ?" exclaimed the cap- 
tain at the top of his voice. 

" Aye, aye, sir," was the reply. 
I belonged to this boat, and had the honor 
of steering. It was soon perceptible that 
our boat was the nearest to the whale, the 
other boats consequently ceased paddling, so 
as not to frighten the whale, which we were 
approaching so rapidly. 

"Dick," said the captain tome, "don't 
miss him, for he is an eighty barrel whale." 

" Never fear, sir, I replied, taking the head 
iron (the harpoon,) in my hand, and eyeing 
the huge whale as he slowly moved through 
the water, scarcely burying his hump. 

We were now almost within dart, when the 
c ptain whispered to the men, " seize the oars 
and pull." In an instant we were alongside. 
" Give it to him Dick," roared the captain. 
" Bang," went one iron ; " bang," went the 
other. 



" Starn all — starn all — starn, you scamps, 
starn !" cried our elated captain, after hav- 
ing seen the second iron buried to the hitches 
in the back of the whale. 

"Come after me, my boy." 
Aye, aye, sir," I replied, going aft, seizing 
the line which was around the logger-head in 
the stern of the boat. The captain went for- 
ward preparing to use the deadly lance as 
the two other boats came up with the inten- 
tion of also fastening. The whale which a 
few moments before was so quiet, now ap- 
peared more like an enraged bullock ; his 
flukes (i. e. tail,) was often high in the air, 
every joint was cracking, making a sound 
similar to the snapping of a hundred whips ; 
and then his head would appear several feet 
out of water, which, together with his formi- 
dable jaws and frightful teeth, plainly showed 
his strength, and what it was in his rpoW« lo 
do. The second mate's boat approached the 
whale, and a young man by the name of Hale 
was standing up ready to dart the irons, but 
the whale caught sight of the boat and in- 
stantly made for it with his mouth open. Yet 
Hale was nothing daunted, but he darted the 
irons, one after the other, and then jumped 
overboard. It was all that saved him, for 
the jaws of the whale come down on the very 
spot where he had stood, and with so much 
power, that the head of the boat was bitten off. 
He swam to our boat evidently grateful for 
having escaped. Mr. Fisher now pulled up. 
" Be careful how you go on that whale," 
exclaimed the captain, much chagrined at 
the catastrophe which he had just witnessed. 
The mate, however, was not allowed to ap- 
proach his whaleship, for he politely gave the 
boat a gentre cut with his flukes, which stove 
the bottom in, and sent the crew some rods 
from the boat in company with some whaling 
gear, such as harpoons^ lancets, wail-poles, 
line-tubs, &.c. 

" By George !" roared captain Hussey, 
" two boats stoven, and the whale not having 
received a lance." 

"Haul line! haul line! I will now see what 
we can do. Bow the line, Hale, and si; clown 
upon the thwart." said he to the young man 
who had been taken into our boat and was 
standing up by his side. But he disregarded 
the captain's order, and still remained stand- 
ing. The captain was in the act of darting 
a lance, when the whale turned uprn usi 

" Starn — starn — starn — starn all ! Take 
the harpoon oar, Hale, and starn !" he ex- 
claimed. 

As Hale was about obeying this order, the 
whale rolled under the bow of the bcf.t, and 



'- sv; 



10 



SHEET ANCHOR 



striking it at the same time with his jaw, so 
that by the collision he lost his balance and 
fell overboard directly under the jaws of the 
whale ! The whale lifted his head out of the 
water, showing the young man firmly in his 
mouth, as if in mockery of all our attempts 
to capture him, and then disappeared with his 
victim. How long the whale was out of 
sight, I cannot tell. In a few seconds, how- 
ever, Hale's hat came up and floated upon 
the surface, and about a minute after, Hale 
himself appeared. 

" Pull me in, for Heaven's sake," he ex- 
claimed, " I have been in the whale's jaw." 

We soon had him in the boat ; his scalp 
was hanging by a portion of the skin, at the 
back of his head. It was replaced and a 
handkerchief bound round to keep it in the 
right position. For some minutes he could 
not speak ; but after a time he informed us 
that he was not injured elsewhere. 

"Where's the whale?" inquired the captain. 

" Blast the whale !" I almost exclaimed. 

" There he is, sir," answered one of the 
men, pointing it out. 

" Well, haul line, we will haul up close to 
him and then cut, for Hale must be injured 
more seriously than perhaps we are aware of." 

We were accordingly hauled up, when the 
whale turned flukes and disappeared. 

" Cut line, it is folly to hold on any longer," 
said the captain. 

The line was cut, and we were soon along- 
side the ship. Hale was hoisted up in the 
boat and carried into the cabin, where he was 
examined by the captain and myself. On 
moving a portion of his clothes, several fright- 
ful wounds were discovered, one of which, 
in the lower extremity of his body, was so 
large that a portion of the intestines were 
hanging out. There were others also upon 
his thighs. These were all sewed up, and 
after being properly bandaged, he was placed 
in one of the berths. The stoven boats were 
picked up ; others immediately rigged and 
put in order, while men were sent to the mast 
heads (with what hearts I will not pretend to 
say,) to keep a look-out for the whale that 
had cost us so much trouble. 

" Pretty how-do-you-do," said the captain 
to the mate, who till now had been very busy 
in making the changes in the boats. " Two 
boats knocked in pieces — craft of various 
kinds lost, and what is ten times worse, one 
of the boat-steerers nearly killed — pretty 
morning's work, I declare. I want to see 
that whale once more, if it is only to ask him 
how he feels with those irons in his back." 

Mr. Fisher expressed the same sentiment, 
adding that he had never witnessed such hard 
luck. What became of the whale I never 
learnt. If he was afterwards seen from the 
mast-head, no one announced the fact. After 
a few days, the carpenter had repaired the 
boats, and some of the crew had partially for- 
gotten the occurrence. But not so with poor 
Hale. He was obliged to remain below some 
weeks before he was enabled to go in the 
boat again. 

On being asked by some one what his 
thoughts were in the whale's jaw, he replied, 
he thought " the whale might make eighty 
barrels of oil !" 

I will merely add, that he is now mate of 
a whale ship. Mr. Fisher now commands 
the Napoleon, and Mr. Emmons the Cyrus, 
both ships belonging to Nantucket. Captain 
Hussey is in the ship James Maury, of Salem. 



TEMPERANCE : the Buoy that always floats la cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

" AM I MY BROTHER'S KEEPER? " 

" It is their own fault, sir. # If sailors will 
get drunk, and allow themselves to be taken 
in, and robbed, they must abide the conse- 
quences." 

The above was the closing remark of a 
merchant, in conversation with the writer, 
last summer, on the subject of doing good to 
seamen. It is the honest expression of sen- 
timent in relation to a great subject, of a por- 
tion of the shipping interests of our land ; — 
how large a portion cannot be determined. 

The reason why reference is made to it in 
this way, is because it came from a professed 
Christian, and one largely interested in ship- 
ping, and presents one form, of difficulty in 
the way of doing good to seamen, namely, the 
indifference of those who ought to be the icarm- 
est friends of the cause. It made a deep im- 
pression on my mind at the time, ami has 
led me to think more frequently, than other- 
wise would have been the case, upon the ex- 
tent of responsibility that attaches to those 
who employ seamen, and are getting rich by 
their toils, exposures, and deprivations. 

The solemn declaration of holy writ is, 
" the sea shall give up the dead which were 
in it;" and sailors and landsmen shall ap- 
pear together at the judgment seat of Christ. 
It is amazing how a Christian, with a Bible 
in his hand, can be so indifferent to the wel- 
fare of eternity-bound spirits. How he can 
forget, if he is truly a child of God, that 
much as he may pride himself upon his 
wealth, his intellect, his refinement, it is the 
grace of God alone that has made him to 
differ from the drunken and debased, whether 
landsmen or sailors. 

As the winter set in with its cold, and 
sleet, and snow, the remark of my friend, 
the merchant, often occurred to me ; and as 
often I thought of the exposed sailor, and my 
heart was sad. The wintry gales at length 
came on, and with unrelenting fury wrought 
their work of devastation and of death. It 
was after one of these, of more than usual 
violence, had in a measure abated, that I 
walked forth with a friend to note the rav- 
ages it had made. 

The heavy surges of the ocean were roll- 
ing in, and thundering along the beach for 
miles, in one continued roar. We stood and 
gazed and wondered and admired, lost in the 
contemplation of one of nature's grandest 
exhibitions. As we watched the ever chang- 
ing evolutions of the restless waves, we des- 
cried a dark object sweeping towards the 
shore. It reached the beach. A sudden 
movement, and we seized the prize, and bore 
it, reeking, from the briny wave, far from the 
returning tide. 

It proved to be a v ssel's hatch. But who 
shall tell its story? From whence did it 
come, and to what vessel did it belong? 
We looked long and earnestly seaward, but 
discerned nothing to satisfy our doubts. I 
thought again upon the remark of my friend, 
and again my heart was sad. 

The following morning, news came that a 
vessel was ashore. We thought and spoke 
of our adventure the day previous, and with 
others resorted to the spot where lay the 



stranded bark. A hasty examination of the 
wreck sufficed to confirm our suspicions, 
that the hatch belonged to this vessel. She 
was a perfect wreck — masts, spars, sails and 
rigging all gone — her stern broken off, and 
no trace of a human being left behind. 

And where was the crew f Gone too, — 
swept away, for aught that we could tell, by 
the same desolating wave that stripped the 
vessel of her adornments and her strength ! 
Their names, what are they ? Their ages 
and condition too; and who their friends, 
that, 'ere many days, shall mourn over their 
uncertain fate? Were they wives, mothers, 
sisters? But, most of all, were these lost 
mariners Christians, — prepared for death, 
judgment, and eternity? As these questions 
came rushing to my mind, I thought of the 
remark of my friend, and still again my heart 
was sad. 

How did I know but this ill fnted vessel 
belonged to him ; and, if so, had I not the 
most melancholy proof that, as far as he 
was concerned, the spiritual condition of the 
crew had never been cared for, and nothing 
done to make it any belter ? What if they 
were intemperate and vicious — blasphemers 
of the name of God ; surely their end in such 
a case, must have proved a dreadful one. As 
to fixing the responsibility, in the present 
instance, upon the professedly Christian 
owner, of seeing that there was a Bible on 
board, (as well as provisions,) and that each 
man was kindly spoken to on the subject of 
religion, before leaving port; I shall attempt 
no such thing. A better way by far is to 
leave that merchant, and others similarly 
situated, to take just so much responsibility 
upon themselves, as in the day of judgment 
will be found placed to their account. 
* It is to be hoped that there will be prayer 
among those who read this article for ship- 
owners and merchants who fail to meet their 
religious obligations to seamen. 

Lamatier. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

MASS. TEMPERANCE STANDARD. 

Mr. Editor, — 

I am glad to notice the appearance of this 
weekly journal, and doubt not that the 
staunch friends of temperance in the goodly 
city of Boston will have reason to rejoice 
that so able a paper has sprung into being in 
our midst. It is edited by Daniel Kimball, 
Esq., (formerly a sailor,) recently of the Mid- 
dlesex Washingtonian, under the patronage 
of those who have long since distinguished 
themselves as faithful, consistent, and effi- 
cient laborers in the blessed cause of tem- 
perance. This paper has made its appear- 
ance in the right place, at the right time, and 
with just the right persons at the helm. The 
obstacles in the way of the temperance re- 
form in this city are multiform ; and nothing 
but a constant firing of temperance truths 
into the camp of old King Alcohol, will 
ever bring him to terms. His ranks must be 
thinned, his soldiers must be induced to de- 
sert, his Generals, his Colonels, his Captains, 
and his Lieutenants must be made to see the 
true character of the tyrant foe to mankind, 
in whose service they arc enlisted. The 
cause must progress until the tyrant shall 
look around for his supporters, and find them 
among the missing. 

We believe that the interest upon the sub- 
ject of temperance in Boston was never 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



11 



greater than at the present moment. We do 
not mean to be understood that there was 
never a greater excitement upon the subject 
thin at this time; but the truths of the cause 
have forced themselves into the minds of the 
people, in spite of their own opinions to the 
contrary notwithstanding; and most, if not 
all, who now drink intoxicating liquors, do 
so against their better judgments, and their 
own convictions of right ; and those who sell 
the liquid fire, undoubtedly do so, not so 
much because of a thirst for liquor, as a 
thirst for gain. Most of those who deal in 
ardent spirits would do so, if the traffic were 
ten thousand times more ruinous than it now 
is, provided they could treasure a little 
wealth. These dealers in human misery 
should be made to respect the laws of the 
community in which they carry on their 
murderous business, if they have no regard 
for the laws of their Creator. They are to 
society, what a rotten branch is to a thrifty 
tree — a moral excrescence on the body pol- 
itic. They are like the pestilence that walk- 
eth in darkness and destroyeth at the noon- 
day. They cause thousands to fall beside 
us, and tens of thousands in our midst. Let 
the mighty arm of public sentiment bear 
down upon the traffic. Let all who have 
been wronged by the traffic in Rum, strike 
manfully for liberty, and victory will be 
theirs. frp=» 

TEMPERANCE IN THE NAVY. 

Mr. Parmenter, chairman of the committee 
on naval affairs, recently presented a petition 
from Capt. Samuel L. Breese, and 30 com- 
missioned and warrant officers on board the 
United States Frigate Cumberland, the flag 
ship of the Mediterranean squadron, praying 
the abolition of the spirit portion of the navy 
rations. It is stated, that out of 450 seamen 
on board this frigate, 445 have stopped their 
grog. We are glad to find our naval officers 
moving in this matter at this time, and doubt 
not that a large majority of them would gladly 
see it abolished. How much better would 
it be for our noble seamen, and how much 
more creditable to our national government, 
if Congress would raise Jack's wages six 
cents a day, instead of pouring money from 
their treasury into the pockets of the distillers 
of Rum, and Rum contractors. 



the course of the winds and currents, wishes 
to escape the certain ruin that lays before 
him. lie then makes use of all sail and oars ; 



OUR NOBLE TARS. 

It is stated, on the authority of Col. 
Hatch, that on the arrival at port of the whale 
6hip Chas. W. Morgan, after a cruise of be- 
tween three and four years, the pilot, on 
boarding her, produced a teetotal pledge, 
which was immediately signed by every one 
on board. A noble example, sqrely, and 
one which should be followed bv every sea- 
man that braves the ocean. The time is not 
distant when these " hearts of oak " will be 
redeemed from the curse of intemperance. 

THE RUM OCEAN- 

The Kaleidoscope (lor an account of which, see edi- 
torial columns) contains a graphic description of the 
Sea of Inte nperance. We want all our sailor friends to 
obtain a ccpy. 

Thirty thousand lives are lost every year 
on the Rocks, Shoals, and Quicksands of 
that part of the Ocean of Intemperance 
which lies within the United States. 

It sometimes occurs that an individual after 
emerging from Destitution Sounds, seeing 



crosses the Gulf Stream, and hoists a signal 
for a Cold-water Pilot ; this signal being seen 
by the Look-out at the Light-house, (alias the 
Bible and Cross,) near the entrance to the 
Sea of Total Abstinence, a Pilot immediately 
puts off, and conducts the mariner through 
the Strait of Repentance, up to the City of 
Sobriety. The Strait just named, affords the 
only communication from the Ocean of In- 
temperance to the Sea of Total Abstinence ; 
and the navigator is perfectly safe, provided 
there are no Contraband Goods on board, 
such as Gin, Rum, Brandy, &c. ; for if 
there are, the Pilot will not take charge of 
the ship, and she will probably miss the en- 
trance to the Strait, and fall so mnch to lee- 
ward, as to get back again into the Gulf 
Stream, in which case there is little or no 
hope, and Ruin is almost certain. 



A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

LOG BOOK OF A BETHEL FLAG. 

Bj> Capt. JOHN F. BOWERS. 
CHAPTER I. 

I first took my station at the mast-head of 

the brig A , at Boston, bound to New 

York and Hamburg. Before sailing, a good 
supply of charts and sailing directions* was 
taken on board to give those who needed, 
during my voyage to H. The captain held 
conversation with the crew daily, and two en- 
listed under my banner. I arrived at H. on 
(he Sabbath, being the day I always keep a 
look-out at mast head. I was soon visited by 
one who said I had proved a blessing to him, 
for as soon as he saw me he knew the Lord 
had sent me to warn him, and he had sought 
the Lord and found him. I found here some 
of the Lord's servants, and one, the zealous 
and beloved brother Oncken, came on board 
and spoke for my Master to about forty-five, 
who had assembled to hear the word of" eter- 
nal life. Here the captain spread his 
charts and sailing directions freely, in two 
or three different languages. 

From here I took my departure for Stock- 
holm, and there found a dear servant of the 
Lord — Rev. M. Scott, who invited the crew 
to hear him, and they did during our stay. — 
I took my station here, but had no visiters. 
Charts and directions were given, and I took 
my departure for Alexandria, D. C. On my 
arrival, I found the people surprised at the 
good conduct of the crew, and more so when 
two went down the banks of the Potomac, 
and were baptized. The captain of the 
steamboat said he had never seen the like 
before. The whole crew went up to Wash- 
ington and back in his boat; and did not 
spend a cent at his bar. He asked what these 
things meant ? 

H-tving taken a fresh supply of charts, I 
sailed for Amsterdam. Here I took my sta- 
tion and had some visiters. My stay here 
was short. Some charts and directions were 
given away. Returned to New York. Dur- 
ing this voyage the crew chose darkness 
rather than light. 

* Bibles and Tracts. 



.Again I sailed for Amsterdam. During 
this voyage nearly all the crew came out on 
the Lord's side. In A. I held my station, 
and had more visiters than on the first voyage: 
consequently more charts were given. Re- 
turned home to Boston. 

I again took my station at the mast-head 
of the brig M., bound to Antwerp. The 
captain had daily conversation with the crew 
— all being strangers. Only one had a rhart. 
On our arrival, the captain was told it would 
be of no use here to take my station, for sin 
and iniquity abounded. Sabbath came. Up 
I went to the mast-head, and six, besides our 
own crew came on board. The old man 
visited the hospital here, and charts and di- 
rections eagerly and thankfully received, as 
they were in their own tongue. I next vis- 
ited Lolanefly, in Wales. Here I was a new 
comer — having not been seen at the mast be- 
fore. I lent a hand to rig a new timpcrance 
ship, just launched. The captain told them 
she must be called the " Teetotaller," or she 
would sure run a-shore ! A brother was in- 
vited on board to speak for me. He first 
doubted, but recollecting his divine Master 
taught from a ship, he came, bringing about 
400 with him ; so our decks and rigging were 
full, and many sat by the sea side. As the 
preacher never had spoken on ship-board, he 
was much surprised to see the church rig, 
with awnings all over the deck, and offered 
his services again. I here found plenty in 
want of the Bread of life. 

I next visited Smyrna. Here the captain 
and crew went ashore. The word of Truth 
was preached by our beloved missionaries. 
The captain visited the hospital, and found 
it well supplied by those dear servants of the 
Lord, and in good order. My stay here was 
short. 1 then visited Constantinople. Here 
I visited the hospital, and found twelve or thir- 
teen English seamen in the most wretched 
condition of both soul and body. The room 
they were crowded in would neither keep 
out wind, water or snow, as it was in the 
winter season. They were visited by all 1 
these elements ; neither had they berths or 
beds; their table was a piece of board on 
four sticks, and this held their medicines and 
candlestick — which was an old bottle, with 
a piece of candle in the nose ; also a pack 
of old, greasy cards. An old tub half full 
of sand in the entry served for the cooking 
place. They had little or no variation in 
their food, (all being treated alike,) which 
was boiled liver in the morning, and a small 
roll of bread ; then a piece of beef, cabbage 
and dirty rice was flung into the pot, and 
boiled together for dinner. For supper they 
had another roll of bread and a fried fish, 
which were cheap at this season. Here were 
some with broken limbs, rheumatic fever, fro- 
zen feet, pulmonary, liver, and other com- 
plaints. One young man, who was so sick 
that he could not eat this food, was nearly 
starving. He could not keep it in his stomach. 
The English consul gave a man so much per 
day for board and lodging. A government 
doctor visited them once a week, or fortnight. 
The captain supplied them with charts and 
directions, which were gratefully received. 
The crew made provision for the body by a 
generous donation — sailor fashion. The 
third visit made by the captain he found the 
cards had disappeared. He never saw them 
again. In visiting one day, he found the 
young man with clean, comfortable clothes. 



12 



SHEET ANCHOR 



and asked him where he got them ? They 
were the gift of Rev. Mr. Calhoun, agent 
for charts in this part of the world, who had 
arrived but a day or two before from Smyrna. 

The captain made their situation known to 
their countrymen. One captain was sur- 
prised when told of it. When he saw for 
himself, he said the half was not told. Be- 
fore we left it was found they were to be re- 
moved to a better situation, to" the care of a 
better man. I followed my usual occupa- 
tion when mast-head, look-out ; the captain, 
meanwhile, giving charts and directions. 

I next visited Malta. Here I remained in 
quarantine all my time — nine days. But 
the captain gave out a few charts only, and 
got a supply for the next port. He then sail- 
ed for Trapanis, Sicily. Here 1 had a few 
visiters on the Sabbath. Charts and direc- 
tions were given freely. From here return- 
ed home, having sailed with a crew of all 
but one drunkards, and came back with all 
sober, steady men. Four of them are now 
officers of vessels. 

[Here endeth the first chapter.] 

THE INFIDEL IN A GALE. 

During a late gale on Lake Erie, the 
steamer Robert Fulton, among many other 
vessels, was wrecked. On board that boat, 
as was related by a passenger, and published 
in the Religious Herald, was an infidel, with 
a box of books to distribute at the west. He 
was loud and clamorous in proclaiming his 
infidelity, till the gale came on — but then, 
like the rest, he was silent, and waited with 
trembling anxiety the uncertain fate of the 
ship. At length they drew near the shore, 
and attempted to throw out their anchors, 
when the whole forward part of the boat 
broke off, and the waves rushed into the cabin. 
At once the infidel was on his knees, crying 
for mercy — his voice could be heard above 
the raging elements, begging the Lord to for- 
give his blasphemies, till a heavy sea swept 
over the deek, and carried him and his books 
to the bottom. 

THE CARDINAL POINTS. 

Thou art, O God ! my East : — In thee 1 dawned : 
Within me, ever may the day-spring shine ! 

Then, for each night of sorrow 1 have mourned, 
I'll bless thee, Faiher, since it proves me thine. 

Thou art, O God ! my iNoRTii : my trembling soul 
Like a charmed needle, turns to thee alone ; 

The waves of time, and storms of life shall roll 
My trusting spirit homeward to thy throne. 

Thou art, O God! my ^outh : — thy gentle love 
Perennial summer o'er my path has shed, 

And constant verdure from thy warmth above 
With wine and oil, thy grateful child has led. 

Thou art, O Cod ! my West — within thy arms, 
Glad as the setting sun may I decline; 

Raptiz^d from earthly stains and death's alarms. 
Immortal rise in thy new heavens to shine. 



T HI LOfi BOOR. 

"A Map of busy life." 

For the Sheet Anchor. 

THE .DEAD OF THE SEA. 

While sitting in my chamber a few even- 
ings since, before a comfortable fire, engaged 
in reading the last number of the "Sheet An- 
chor," the verse placed over the list of deaths 
in the paper struck my mind with peculiar 
force, and I read it and re-read it, and pon- 
dered deeply upon its meaning, — so pregnant 
with interest to every human soul. 



"Ocean has myriad dead ; and millions sink 

In sudden perils on its craving brink. 

Reader! what portion yet awaileth thee, 

When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea?" 

How true that "Ocean has myriad dead"! 
Oh! the millions that have gone down amid 
the coral groves of the ocean to rise no more 
till the blast of the final trump. Then will 
the parting waves reveal the "myriad dead," 
that people the "deep, blue sea." Sad, pain- 
fully sad to mind is the fate of him who finds 
a watery grave. We mourn for those of our 
friends who must die amid all the comforts of 
home with weeping friends around to smooth 
the pillow of death, and administer the con- 
solations of religion, when every neccessary 
thing is done to ease their passage to the 
grave, and at last are softly laid to rest in 
some green, sunny spot. We mourn that these 
must die. But how dreary a death and burial 
at sea! — The attentions paid the sick on ship 
board, are of course few; and those few im- 
perfectly performed. No soft hand wipes the 
clammy death sweat from the pale brow — no 
prayer is uttered — perhaps a tear is brushed 
away from the sun-burnt cheek by a rough 
hand, at the moment of dissolution, and then 
other duties call the shipmate away till the 
solemn burial. 

'■Wrapped in the raiment that it long must wear 

His body to the deck they slowly bear; — 

The setting sun Hings round his farewell rays; 

O'er the broad orean not a ripple plays ; — 

How eloquent, how awful in its power, 

The silent lecture of death's Sabbath hour! — 

One voice the silence breaks — the prayer is said, 

And the last rite man pays to man is paid : — 

The plashing waters mark his resting place, 

And fold him round in one lone, cold embrace; — 

Bright bubbles for a moment sparkle o'er, 

Then break, to be like him. beheld no more ; 

Down, countless fathoms down he sinks to sleep. 

With all the nameless shapes that haunt the deep." 

'Tis done : the ship keeps on her course, 
and a thousand stranger keels shall plough the 
waves above the dead sailor's breast, and not 
the humblest stone shall mark the place of 
his repose. 

"And millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink.'' 

"Sudden perils"' — What words of import! 
Without note of warning; no time for prepara- 
tion — a sunden rock in the "mid ocean lone 
and drear" — the fiery element baffling all at- 
tempts to subdue it — the lightning from the 
angry cloud — the iceberg in the night : to 
which of these fates was the "President" 
doomed! Echo answers which? — As was 
hers so is many a sudden peril. 

O sailor ! thou tread'st a perilous way ; dan- 
gers lurk in every path ; thou knowest not 
how suddenly these perils may be thine, and 
thou must grapple with the "King of terrors." 
How important then, how momentous, how 
awful, the question asked in the closing lines 
of the verse : 

"Reader! what portion yet kwaiteth thee, 

When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ?" 

Reader ! what portion ? Sailor ! what portion ? 
O what a weighty enquiry ! How shall we 
answer it? Brother sailor ! too long neglect- 
ed and uncared for, may you and I lay this 
question sincerely at heart, and weigh it well, 
that our answer may be this : Our portion is 
"that inheritance which is incorruptible, un- 
defiled, and that fadeth not away." C- D- L 

KINDNESS OE THE SAILOR. 

The Kditorofthe Nantucket K.nquirer gives us the 
following sensible article on this subject. 

Sailors are proverbially generous and kind- 
hearted to a fault. To relieve a shipmate 



from distress, they will part with their last 
dollar, regardless of their own wants. Instan- 
ces innumerable have been published, where 
l heir kindness of heart has been made man- 
ifest, which would confer honor upon the 
most benovolent philanthropist that ever lived. 
— They are neither chary of their services or 
their money, but with a profuseness which 
always keeps them in the back ground, they 
"shell out" at the first signal of distress. 
They do not stop to inquire into particulars, 
it is enough for them to know that the distress 
really exists. It seems as though their pur- 
suit exercises a benign influence upon their 
hearts, and opens the fountains of rharitv and 
benevolence. Their freindship is sincere: 
and their attachment to their shipmates is 
lasting. They do nothing by halves, and 
your true sailor is a noble, liberal-hearted 
fellow. Their's is a life of storms, of hard- 
ships, of distress, in its most awful shapes: 
but after it is over, all is forgotten, and their 
hearts resume the buoyancy so natural to 
them. 

We have been led to these remarks from 
having been an eye-witness of the feelings 
exhibited by some of the crew of the ship 
Orion, just returned from a whaling vovage, 
as the steamboat was about to leave on Fri- 
day morning last. A portion of the crew 
were going to leave in the steamer, and their 
shipmates had come down to take leave of 
them, perhaps never to meet again. It was 
really refreshing, and at the same time affec- 
ting, to behold the scene. Weather-beaten 
sailors, with tears standing in their eyes, 
seizing the hands of those with whom they 
had weathered many a storm, and experienced 
the dangers peculiar to whaling, exchangino- 
the "God speed," with a heartiness that tes- 
tified to its sincerity. They grasped each 
other's hands, with nervous energy, and shook 
them with hearty good will. It was not an 
affected shake, as a mere act of politeness: 
but it was far superior, it came from the 
depths of the heart. There was feeling, sin- 
cerity, beauty, in the expression of friendship 
which fell from their lips, and was exhibited 
in their actions. With deep attention we 
watched them, and we could feel to sympa- 
thise with them. When the steamer left the 
wharf, those who remained, collected togeth- 
er and watched the receding boat, as though 
they felt deeply the pangs of separation. If 
the feeling exhibited by these " Sons of the 
Ocean " on this occasion, were only of mo- 
mentary duration, they were none the less 
beautiful. It showed that they were posses- 
sed of hearts not of adamant, but in which 
the better feelings of poor human nature were 
not exlinct. We have seen more polished 
friends part with vastly less apparent feeling. 
Such scenes cannot fail to exercise an enno- 
bling, beautifying effect upon the actors; as 
it tends to rouse those inner feelings, which 
make men better and more valuable members 
of society; whether that society be on ship- 
board, or in the various walks of life upon the 
land. No matter how harsh or stern men 
are, there is in the heart of the most cruel, 
feelings which need but be aroused, to exer- 
cise a benign influence t:pon their actions, 
and prevent them from carrying out their evil 
purposes. It is good for society that it is so, 
and we would not that it were otherwise. 



ILT We shall give something graphic from the Kaleid - 
oscope in the next number. The "Log Book" holds 
out well this voyage. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



13 



Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From, sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

"Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

LETTER FROM A SAILOR'S WIFE. 

The 1'ollowing brief epistle, from the wife of a mate 
now at sea, is a pleasing evidence of the usefulness of 
the Sheet Anchor. 

areenport, L. I., Dec. 27, 1844. 

Dear Sir, — Here is my advance for my 
dear little Sheet Anchor, and one subscriber 
with it. I wish it was more ; but we must 
be thankful for little as well as for much. 
You may send both papers to me, or you 
may send mine as usual, and the other to 
Mrs. Josiah Beebe, Greenport. I return 
vou my hearty thanks for your kind atten- 
tion, to send me my Sheet Anchor as regu- 
lar as you have. I have received them all 
but one ; that is No. 16, which I feel very 
bad at not receiving. 1 should be willing to 
pay double the price if I could obtain the I 
paper. If you have one in your office, will | 
you please te send it to me, and I will pay 
you for it the first opportunity that I can get.* 

I thought to write you about the cause of 
the seamen here. The first annual meeting 
of our society to aid the good work was held 
last evening, at the Presbyterian Church. 
There were but few present — from 20 to 30 ; 
but all were interested in the cause of the 
sailor. They have done well for the first 
year; having 77 members on their list. They 
have collected CO dollars, with which they 
bought six libraries for ships, at 10 dollars 
each. The books were furnished at half 
price. They have supplied five ships with a 
library worth 20 dollars, and now they have 
one library on hand, and 12 cents. I say, 
well done, Greenport ! We all hope to do 
better next year. 

May the Lord bless the sailor's cause 
every where ; and may the blessing of God 
rest upon all those that are engaged in the 
Sheet Anchor. 

Yours in the sailor's cause, 

Mrs. William Burns. 

* We forward No. 16 with pleasure, and ask no pay. Ed. 

THE SAILOR AND HIS BIBLE. 

A missionary among seamen in New York thus gives 
a brief story lelated to him by a sailor. It is the tale of 
many a poor son of the ocean. Oh mothers', do not let 
your dear boy go to sea without a Bible. 

After I had retired at night, with the bit- 
ter consciousness that it was the last time for 
years, and possibly forever, that I should 
sleep under a roof, from which ray own folly 
had driven me, my mother came to my bed- 
side, and with a tremulous voice laid open 
before me her loving but lacerated heart. 
She uttered no words of reproach, and spoke 
of the past, only as furnishing motives for a 
better improvement of the time to come. Of 
my future prospects, she spoke cheerfully 
and with hope, should the reformation so 
much desired be effected — otherwise she 
warned me most solemnly of the conse- 
quences of continuing in my present state of 
impenitence and sin. She told me of the 
snares that would be spread for my feet in 
my new situation, and depicted in glowing 
colors the dangers to which the poor sailor is 



exposed on shore, from the avarice and wick- 
edness of those who live on his hard-earned 
wages, and lie iji wait at every corner to de- 
ceive and destroy him. In the strong ac- 
cents of maternal love, she bade rue beware 
of companionship with her " whose steps 
take hold on hell," whose ways lead down to 
eternal death. 

" Among your clothes," she said, in con- 
clusion, "you will find a Bible, the parting 
gift of a mother who loves you, and would 
gladly shelter you with her life from every 
evil. Take it, my son, as your chosen friend 
— the man of your counsel, a lamp to guide 
safely and surely your inexperienced feet. 
If you believe, love and obey its blessed pre- 
cepts, we shall meet in peace again, if not 
here, yet surely in that better world, where 
the wicked cease from troubling, and the 
weary are at rest." After praying with me, 
she withdrew. 



From the HalloweU (Me.) Standard. 

Among a seafaring population, the most endeared re- 
lations are otten interrupted, and the tenderest social 
ties rent by long voyages of years, or by calamity and 
disease. The following lines exhibit this fact. They 
can be sung in '■ Araby's Daughter." 

ADIEU, SON OF THE SEA. 

Farewell, firewell to thee, son of the Ocean! 

Farewell to thy bark that so proud passes by; 
I bid not those light bounding waves cease their motion, 

Nor bear thee more slow from my wild gazing eye. 
1 feel that this form from the earth is fast fading, 

O then let me breathe the last wish — the adieu; 
May no clouds steal over thy years, darkly shading 

Thuse rays that make all thy sky now so blue. 

E'en now while the west wind doth hasten thee from me, 

And my cheek is deep stained by the lingering tear, — 
O, fondly [ breathe, may some kind wind restore thee 

Again to this Isle — yet 1 shall not be here. 
Long* ere thy return, 1 shall sleep 'nealh yon willow, 

This lyre will be mute, and this heirt will be cold ; 
The wild-flower will blossom above my lone pillow, 

Yet I ask but a tear, when my story is told. 

Farewell to thee, snilor! thou hast loved as the brother 
Doth love the fond sister that clings to his side ; 

Oh, then let me die, that long ere another 

Bright summer shall come, these tears may be dried. 

Julia. 



Til CABIN B©¥. 

Dedicated to the Young Friends of the Sailor. 



THE SAILOR SAVED. 

" Come, William, sit down with me on 
this pile of boards, and spin a yarn as long as 
your last voyage to the West Indies. " 

" Ay, ay, sir, I will; but where shall I 
begin?" 

"Begin! begin where yon left God and 
was lost, and leave off where God found and 
saved you. " 

" Well, then, my father was a soldier and 
a blacksmith. A blacksmith or a hatter he 
tried to make me ; but no, my whole thoughts 
were bent for the sea, and to sea I must and 
would go. It is twenty-six years, the 25th of 
this month, since I made my first voyage. 
During this time I have been in "deaths oft" 

" Well, how did you feel when death stared 
you in the face?" 

"Feel! I didn't feel at all; and yet I did 
feel — conscious of my sins, and desert of 
God's judgment, I dared not look up. I wait- 
ed in sullenness, as a condemned malefactor, 
for justice to execute its fearful work. But 
it pleased the Lord to give me a reprieve, 
blessed be his holy name. Yet I went on in 



sin. O! how did I spend a Sunday last 
March in a port on the island of Porto Rico 
— dancing, drinking, and blaspheming. 

" I think it was in 1829 when I was first 
awakened to serious thought. I was in New- 
York, hearing seamen relate what God had 
done for their souls. I then commenced 
reading the Bible, and praying to God. I 
also knocked off grog; for I well knew that 
I could not drink rum and serve God too. 
Thus I continued during my next voyage. 
On my return, and on paying the landlady 
with whom I had boarded, she urged me to 
drink. 1 refused, telling her that I drank no 
liquor; but still she urged till I consented, 
<and with that glass of brandy went all my 
good resolutions to be a Christian. All I had 
been trying to do for weeks was undone in a 
moment. Then I went on in sin again, with 
a will, until last April, when my convictions 
returned with renewed power. I was at sea. 
One rlay I was looking in my chest, and had 
occasion to open a little box that was stowed 
there, when I found a little book, entitled 
" Baxter's Call." My eldest son's Sunday 
School teacher had given it to my wife; and 
it having been blessed to the good of her soul, 
she had put it in my box. And what a treas- 
ure it was! That little book was the means 
of awakening me to a sense of my danger, 
and of leading me to Christ for pardon and 
peace." 

" And you now hope that you are a 
Christian?" 

" By the grace of God, I am what I am." 
"Have you professed Christ before men?" 
" 1 am neither ashamed of him, nor of his 
cause. I have told my shipmates what he 
has done for me, and have exhorted them to 
go to the same precious Saviour. I have se- 
cured thirteen names to the temperance 
pledge, and two more have promised to sign 
to day. Last Sunday my wife and myself 
united with the Church, and now, blessed be 
God, we are a happy family." 

" Well, William, go on, and God bless 
you." 



fty How many a young son of the ocean can adopt 
the following lines! Little do we of the land, youthful 
friends, think of the far-distant sailor boy. While you 
are reading the Sheet Anchor at home, or lie 

" On life's dieamy pillow, 
Unwakened nnd worm,'* 

the lad of the ship is tossed high on the yard arm. or 
cast headlong into the sea. O, sister ! remember that 
absent sailor-brother. 

TO MY SISTER. 

Sister, say, when I am gone, 
A prilgrim o'er the dark blue seas. 
At silent eve or rosy morn. 
Wilt thou ever think of me ? 

When the vesper bell is ringing, 
" When you bend the pious knee." 
When your prayers to Heaven singing, 
Wilt thou ever think of me 1 

When in giddy rounds of pleasure 
You ray Sister chance to be ; 
When you tread some sportive measure, 
Wilt thou ever think of me ? 

When the noonday sun is shining, 
And beneath some shady tree, 
From its heat you are reclining, 
Wilt thou ever think of me ? 

When the sky is dark above thee, 
And the tempests tenr th? sea, 
Let thy recollections move thee 
To one kindly thought of me. 



14 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, JAN. 18, 1845. 



%j-The SHEET ANCHOR iB, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 



NEW TESTIMONIALS. 

We trust we shall be excused for giving place 
to the following commendations of the Sheet 
Anchor. We insert them for the purpose of 
strengthening the hands of those who are en- 
gaged in extending the circulation, and conse- 
quently increasing the usefulness of the paper in 
the cause to which it is wholly devoted. 

"Sheet Anchor. " The third volume of this valua- 
ble semi-monthly periodical, devoted to the interests of 
Seamen, is just commenced. Rev. C. W. Denison, the 
untiring friend of the sailor, is the editor. We com- 
mend this paper to all interested in this class of our cit- 
izens, as worthy of patronage. It has awakened a deep 
interest for them, where it has circulated, and been the 
means of accomplishing much good. It is well worth a 
dollar, which is the price of it for a year. Mr. Jonathan 
Howe, is the publisher, at 39 Merchants Row, Boston. 
— Hingham, Mass. Pa'riot. 

The Sheet Anchor, a periodica] published in Bos- 
ton, and devoted to the interests of seamen, under the 
editorial charge of P.ev. Charles \V. Denison, has ap- 
peared in a new and beautiful dress. It is the bent pub- 
lication of the kind we were ever acquainted with, and 
should be in the hands of every sea-faring man. — Quin- 
cy, Mass. Aurora. 

We are much pleased with the improved appearance 
of the " Sheet Anchor}" a semi-monthly publication, ed- 
ited by C. W. Denison of this city, and devoted to the 
interests of Seamen. May God prosper the cause. 
— Mass. Temperance Standard. 

The Sheet Anchor is a very entertaining semi- 
monthly. For sailors, edited by Rev. Mr. Denison of this 
city. We commend it to mariners and their families. 
51 per year. — Zion's Herald. 



CHEERING LETTER. 

Wo acknowledge and insert the following let- 
ter with much pleasure. The writer is known to 
many friends of seamen in this city. He is a 
relative of the District Attorney, S. D. Parser 
Esq., and of the Secretary of the Port Society, 
Mr. Chari.es Henry Parker. We hope to 
hear from him often. — 

NEW YORK, 296 East Broadway, ) 
January 7, 1845. j 

My Dfar Sir : — I owe you an apology for not sooner 
answering the kind communications you left for me, as 
you passed through New York. I have long wished to 
express to you how highly I approciate the value of your 
labors in the Sheet Anchor. I consider it a very val- 
uable paper for seamen ; one from which not only much 
interesting information may be gleaned, but in its moral 
influences calculated to elevate, convince, and through 
the power of God's Holy Spirit, to convert their souls. — 
1 hope that its circulation may be extensive. 

Very truly, and with Christian regard, your friend, 
B. C. (J. Parkkr, 
Minister of the Floating Church of our Saviour, 

for Seamen, at the loot of Pike Street, East 

River, New York. 

With this very kind letter Mr. Parker sends 
us an order for two copies of the Sheet Anchor. 
He will please accept our thanks. Such testi- 
monials inspire us with fresh hope and courao-e 
ir the sailor's cause. 

Mr. P. also forwards the "Spirit of Missions," 
(from which we shall give an extract and engrav- 
ing,) and a copy of the third edition of 5000 
copies of the Sailor's Manual — with forty original 
hymns, by Mrs. Parker; Rev. J. W. Brown, of 
Astoria i Rev, Mr. Burgess, of Hartford, Ct. • 



Rev. Cleveland Cox, of the same place ; Dr. 
Cutler, of St. Ann's church, Brooklyn j and Mrs 
Capt. Loveland, of brig Moses, of New York. — 
Also, the Kaleidoscope, a re-print, he has ordered 
for the benefit of sailors, from an English work, 
with some additions. A short extract from this 
book appears in the Buoy. 

The Sailor's Manual is truly an excellent vol- 
ume. We wish it was on board every ship in 
the world. Mr. Parker says, respecting it: 

As fast as I obtain the means, I order the book-binder 
to bind up the Sailor's Manual of Devotion. They cost 
ten cents per copy. Bishop Polk, of our church, from 
New Orleans. W3S at our chapel the last week. He or- 
dered 100D copies at his own expense, (100 dollars,) for 
gratuitous distribution in Ps'ew Orleans. 

We shall be happy io supply the Sailor's Man- 
ual, and the Kaleidoscope to the agents and 
readers of the Sheet Anchor. They will be 
found well worth their trifling cost. 



THE WORK OF DISTRIBUTION. 

We insert the following" letter, as an induce- 
ment for benevolent aasociations and individuals 
to go and do likewise. Every copy of the Sheet 
Anchor thus circulated, with God's blessing, can- 
not fiil to do good. It will sow the seed of truth 
in the public heart, that shall vegetate in due 
time, and bear a plentiful harvest to the seamen's 

cause. 

ANDOVER, Mass, Dec. 5, 1844. 
De*r Sir. — I take the liberty of writing to you in 
behalf of a Ladies' Temperance Sewing Circle in this 
place, which will probably collect, during the coining 
year, n sum equal to about thirty or forty dollars. This 
sum they wish to appropriate to the distribution of tem- 
perance papers, and pamphlets, among sailors, in some 
of our port3. They wish it so appropriated that they 
can see for themselves, if possible, the manner of its 
distribution, and hold a correspondence with those who 
distribute it, rather than have it thown into a common 
fund, where it will be lost to their sight. If you will be 
so kind as to inform me where, and in what way, it can 
thus bs disposed of — what papers you will be most likely 
to distribute — and the individuals who will thus be en- 
gaged— and also the manner and time of sending the 
money of the Society — you will greatly oblige 
Yours, truly, 

John VV. Bailey. 
To Rev. C. VV. Dsivrsotf. 



GOD BLESS THE LADIES ! 

The ladies of Hallowell, Me., gave a tea party 
for the seamen's cause, in that town, on Wednes- 
day evening, 8th inst. The tables, we learn, 
were furnished with a great variety of articles. 
Rev. Messrs. Adlam, Cole, Thurston, and other 
warm friends of seamen, took part on the oc- 
casion. 

Guests from Augusta, Gardiner, and several 
adjoining towns were present A handsome sum 
was raised in aid of the too long neglected mari- 
ner. We hope to hear farther from tiiis pleasant 
interview. 

A similar occasion was enjoyed in the Com- 
mercial Street Bethel, on Christmas evening. A 
large collection of friends of the sailor partook 
of the agreeable cheer provided by several la- 
dies of the North End. Sweet music and good 
speaking gave a pure zest to the scene. It was 
one of the happiest Christmas evenings ever 
spent by the company. About $00 were raised 
on the occasion, to be expended in connection 



with the Bethel, and to aid the benevolent work 
of the Mariner's Total Abstinence Society. 
Again we say— God bless the ladies ! 

A GREAT REFORMATION. 

We are informed that the Columbia, the flag ship of 
the United States squadron in the Mediterranean, has a 
crew and nlficers entirely of temperance men, and the 
world prnbubly witnesses, for the first time, the extraor- 
dinary spectacle of a man-of-war without a spirit room. 
Think of tint! A man-of-wars-man refuse his grog! 
— Germuntoion Penn. Ttlegraph. 

, The gentlemanly editor of the Telegraph is at 
fault, for once. It is not the "Columbia" but 
the "Cumberland," on board which the noble 
deed has been done. Several letters from that 
splendid vessel, showing the progress of the 
reform, have appeared in the Sheet Anchor. 

We can pardon the last part of the above par- 
agraph, for the Editor is only a "land-lubber," 
and doesn't "know the ropes." '• A man-o'- 
wars-man refuse his grog!" Yes, sir ; hundreds 
of them do it — and thousands more will — if the 
public but come forward as they should in the 
cause of the gallant sailor. 

THE SANDWICH ISLANDS. 

Rev. Mr. Damon, seamen's chaplain at Hono- 
lulu, under date of August 7, 1844, writes that 
he had been on a visit to Lahaina Maui, and made 
arrangements with Rev. Lorin Andrews to offi- 
ciate at that port as seamen's chaplain. He says 
that a stated chaplain was much needed there, as 
3000 to 4000 sudors annually visit Lahaina. A 
large fleet of whale ships was expected there the 
past fall— from J 50 to 200. 

CASE OF HON. MR. HOAR. 

The laws of South Carolina, enacted a few 
years since, subject any free colored citizen to 
imprisonment first, and afterwards to slavery, who 
touches the soil of the State, or enters a port by 
ship. The Legislature of Massachusetts, two 
years since, appointed an agent to reside in 
South Carolina, and investigate the cases of such 
citizens, and bring them before the Supreme 
Court of the United States for trial — Hon. Mr. 
Hoar, one of the most respectable citizens of 
Massachusetts. He has been removed from 
South Carolina by the action of the Legislature, 
has returned to his residence in Concord, and 
submitted a statement of the facts to the Secre- 
tary of this Commonwealth. 

The Governor has addressed a special message 
to the Legislature. No further official steps have 
been taken on the subject. 

Mr. Abbott, of Groton, Conn., known in some 
places as the "Sailor Preacher," has occasioned 
some remarks in the Boston Christian Reflector 
and New York Baptist Advocate. Mr. I. Ran- 
dall, Clerk of the Second Baptist Church, in 
Groton, desires Mr. Abbott to report himself to 
that body. 

The public, will, of course, suspend all judg- 
ment in the case, until Mr. Abbott has an op- 
portunity of being heard. 

fjy We have received an address by Capt. E. 
Jones, of the United States Service, to his ship- 
mates and brother sailors, from which we shaJl 
make extracts hereafter. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



15 



TBI M«IB. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 

NAVAL. 

I understand that Thomas Smith, Esq., Chief 
Clerk of the Navy Department, has resigned his 
office, for the purpose of resuming the practice of 
the law, and attending; to the prosecution of 
claims before Congress, procuring- contracts, pa- 
tents, &.C., a profession which must certainly 
prove more lucrative, more desirable, and de- 
cidedly more independent than any clerkship 
under the government. Mr. Smith was one of 
the oldest clerks in that department ; fur several 
years past he has filled the arduous and respon- 
sible duties of Chief Clerk, and frequently acted 
as Secretary ad interim, in all of which capacities 
he evinced a degree of zeal, efficiency, and gen- 
eral accomplishment, which has won for him the 
admiration of every administration under which he 
has served, and the kind feelings of the officers 
of the navy, .and his fellow citizens in general. 
Dr. Brown, af Virginia, will, in all probability, 
succeed to the^iffice of Chief Clerk of the Navy 
Department. — Correspondence of the Ball. Sun. 

Commander Newman. At a late meeting of 
the United States Naval Lyceum, in New York, 
the following resolutions were adopted: 

Whereas, intelligence has recently reached the 
IJ. S. Naval Lyceum, of the death, in peculiarly 
painful circumstances, of Commander William 
D.Newman, who had long been one of its most 
active, prominent, and useful members — be it 

Resolved, That the U. S. Naval Lyceum feels 
it due to the memory and reputation of the de- 
ceased, to recoil its testimony in favor of the 
high attainments and accomplishments, profes- 
sional and otherwise, of this esteemed officer, and 
estimable man — -whose long career in the service, 
which he contributed to exalt and adorn, will be 
fraught with many interesting recollections to 
his numerous personal friends and professional 
associates. 

Resolved, That appreciating as we do the ex- 
cellence of his character, in the endearing ties of 
domestic and social life, and his keen sensibility 
to its obligations and duiies, the U. S. Naval Ly- 
ceum respectfully tenders to his bereaved widow 
and family the expression of its profound sympa- 
thy and regret at their irreparable loss. 

Resolved, That the above proceedings be pub- 
lished, and that a copy be transmitted to his fam- 
ily by the Corresponding Secretary. 

VVh. L. Hudson, Chairman. 

T. Aug. M. Craven, Secretary. 



TnE Suicide of Capt. Newman, op the 
U. S. Ship Bainbridgk. The New York Courier 
and Enquirer contains a letter from a gentleman 
on board the Bainbridge, giving an account of 
the causes which led to this unfortunate event. 
The writer of the letter says, that on entering 
the port of Montevideo, a little Buenos Ayres 
schooner tired a couple of shots at the bri", 
which the Captain did not see fit to return ; that 
the matter caused "a great deal of talk," which 
seriously affected Captain Newman's spirits and 
subsequently his reason. Nothing is said in the 
letter of any reprimand given by Capt. Vorhees 
to Capt. Newman. On the contrary, the latter 
having visited the former on board the Congress, 
on the 9th of October, is stated to have said, " 1 
was right ; all is well." He appeared that night, 
however, to be laboring under great depression 
of spirits. About 3 o'clock, on the morning of 
the 11th, a cry was heard — "the Captain's miss- 
ing!" He was seen walking the quarterdeck 
smoking a cigar about midnight, and not long 
ufterwards the midshipman of the watch heard a 
splash in the water. Looking overboard he thought 
he saw the fin of a shark, and called the quarter- 
master's attention to it, but it had disappeared. 
He had no suspicion that it was the Captain, as 
he had just looked down in the cabin, and saw 
the Captain's slippers and great coat lying as if 
he had just turned in. At 3 o'clock, the steward 



went to see if he wanted anything, and then it 
was discovered he was gone. His cap was found 
under the boat, and ot six o'clock, the next 
morning, his body was brought up Irom the bot- 
tom. He was dressed in his usual clothes, with 
a heavy overcoat on ; he had gone down and put 
on a pair of boots, and placed his slippers and an 
old coat on camp stools, to deceive any one who 
should look down. 

He was placid and calm in death, and perfectly 
natural. He was buriod with all the honors of 
war, on Friday, the 1 Ith of October, at 2 o'clock, 
P. M.,in the English burying ground, outside the 
walls of Montevideo. A large number of foreign 
officers attended the funeral, and all respect was 
paid to the remains of one so deeply and univer- 
sally lamented. 

Naval Steamer Missouri. This ill-fated 
vessel remains under water at Gibraltar. The 
contractors have abandoned the idea of raising it. 

Fort at Oswego, N. Y. During 1844, the 
officer in charge of this work, [Mat. Turnbnll,] 
being one of great experience in structures of 
masonry, was directed thoroughly to examine its 
condition, and to give an eslimate, carefully 
specifying all details. His estimate received in 
October, 1844, amounts to, . $227,371 

From which should be deducted the 

appropriation of 1844, 20,000 

Leaving to complete the work, $207,371 

The estimate for the service of the ensuing 
fiscal year is $50,000. 

Mr. Joseph R. Anderson, of Richmond, Va. 
has entered into an agreement with the Depart- 
ment at Washington, to build an iron revenue 
cutter at the former city. 

A Nantucket whaleman says lie never raised 
his glittering lance, to pierce the " marvellous 
fish," but he thought of the words of Byron, 
" To grease we give our sliming blades." 

Ship Building in Portland. The Portland 
Advertiser says, that during 1844, thirty-five ves- 
sels, with an aggregate of at least 10,000 tons, 
have been built in that District. Of these ves- 
sels, two hail from Boston, two from Frceport, 
three from North Yarmouth, one from New Ha- 
ven, three from Brunswick, and the remainino- 
twenty-four from Portland. 

The Slave Trade. In six months 36 ves- 
sels, under the American colors, have been 
brought into Rio Janeiro. 

(L/=N. B. The first Slaver is yet to be taken 
by an American vessel ! 

OjT"Freighting ships are doing good business 
at the South, and vessels are arriving there from 
all quarters. At New Orleans, on the 19th ult., 
twenty-three square-rigged vessels and ten 
steamers arrived at the Levee. 

Travelling on the Rhine. In 1843, says 
the Manhcim Journal, the Cologne steamers con- 
veyed, on the line between Strasburg and Dus- 
seldorf, 1)18,888 passengers, 2,232 carriages, 477 
horses, 800 dogs, and 364,295 quintals of mer- 
chandize, being an increase on the year 1842 of 
51,079 passengers, and 99,091 quintals of mer- 
chandize. 

We learn, from the Boston Mercantile Journal, 
that a Lard Oil Factory is talked of at Canton. 
The Chinese mast fet hog is said to be one of the 
most oily breeds known, and the animal is just 
the thing for the lard oil makers. Whalers look 
out! ^ 

(jyin six months, there have been landed at 
Rio Janeiro 18,000 slaves! These slaves were 
landed from vessels bearing the American flag, 
36 in all, with an average cargo of 500 slaves 
each. 



Great Voyage. The Magnolia arrived re- 
cently, with 3900 barrels of sperm and whale oil. 
She has been out 25 months, and brings a clear 
profit to her owners of 12,000 or 15,000 dollars. 
Capt. Simmons, and several of her crew, are Ver- 
monters. It takes the Green Mountain Boys to 
grapple with the leviathan of the deep. 

The American Consul in Liverpool. The 
new American Consul, the Hon. Mr. White, was 
on Friduy week presented to the Chamber of 
Commerce, at the Adelphi Hotel, and afterwards 
partook of a splendid luncheon with the gentle- 
men assembled. — European Times. 

ACROSTIC. 
Josiah Sturcis, ever kind and tiue, 
On terra firma or the ocean blue, 
Sought fame and fortune on the changing sea 
In early life, and passed through each degree ; 
Ascending surely, with a steady hand, 
He soon obtained distinction and command. 
Sure, fortune rarely smiled on one more kind, 
Truer of heart, or of a gentler mind. 
Unfold to hun a ease ot want or woe, 
Relief and soothing Iries to heal the blow. 
Good as he is — " beloved both far and near," 
It must be told, he has no lady dear, — 
Such now we wish him, and " a good Dew year.'' 

Olo Salt. 



NOTICE TO MARINERS. 

The Governor of Ne"w Soul h Wales, has proclaimed 
for the benefit of all vessels, which may be shipwrecked 
in Torres Straits or vicinity, while attempting to pass 
I h rough that passage, that sores of bread, fresh water, 
meat Sic., have been placed on Booby Island, for the 
use of the destitute ciews. 

Capt. Grainger of the English ship Ann Eliza, has 
published a statement that he passed over the Prince of 
Wales Bank, April 27th. and saw the coral and rocks on 
the bottom, and got sol nJin.s in frt m 7 In 1!) fathoms. 
After leaving the bank, be sfeered a course S. S. VV. for 
several hours, when he crossed another large bank of a 
similar character with the above, and irregular soundings 
of aboul the same depth. He, therefore, is convinced 
that there are two banks, each of which goes by the 
name of Prince of Wales Bank. The hist one he 
passed is in 8° 5' north lati tu de, and 110° 27' east Inn. 
The other is in lat. 7° 47' north, and 110° 21' cast Ion. 

DISASTERS AT SEA. 
Loss of the Packet Ship Dorchester— Ship 
Rochester, which ar. at N. York, Saturday, 4th inst., re- 
ports that on the loth Dec. in lat. 50 12 N., and Ion 28 30 
W. there being at the time a strong breeze from the 
N.iS'.E. and squall; weather, he discovered the wreck of 
a vessel to the southwest and immediately bore up to 
her relief. She proved to be Ihe ship Dorchester, Capt. 
Caldwell, of and bound to Boston, from Liverpool. She 
was then in a most deplorable and perilous condition, 
having six feet of water in the hold, and the sea making' 
a complete breach over her. The Dorchester was stiur k 
by a sea while lying to in the seveie gale of Dec. 12, 
which carried away her three masts by the board and 
washed off the second mate and carpenter. Capt. Brit- 
ton, of the Rochester, though the night was dark and 
dangerously squally, made ihe noblest efforts to relieve 
the sufferers, and finally succeeded in taking from the 
wreck Capt. Caldwell and his son, Mr. Fraine, the chief 
officer, 15 seamen and 2!) steerage passengers. The 
Dorchester was only 2 years old. 'She was built at Med - 
ford, in 1812, wns of 360 tons burthen, and belonged to 
the Boston and Liverpool line of packets. The praise- 
worthy and persevering efforts of Capt. Britten, his offi- 
cers and crew are acknowledged in a card by Cant 
Caldwell. * ' 

Providential Escape. We learn from the New 
York Journal of Commerce that Capt. Bedell of brig 
Cayuga, who arrived al that port on Wednesday, from 
St. Marks, states that on the 5th inst., in lal. 28 36, Ion. 
83, fell in with a boat containing four men. whom he took 
on board. They had beun fishing off Havanna, and were 
blown to sea during a heavy gale; had been without a 
paiticle of provisions or water for ten days, except a 
few fish which they had succeeded in catching, and on 
which they had subsisted during that time. They are 
all Spaniards, named Jacob Garcia, Rojua Estrella. Juan 
Terrette. and Marene Antonio Zenona. They were all 
in a state of great exhaustion. The boat had the words 
" Giraffe, of Dennis," on her stern. 

Shipwreck. Brig Martha. Parker, from Boston, 
which vessel arrived at Baltimore week before last, 
reports having seen on the 2l B t inj t., in lat. 38° 30', Ion. 
70° %', the broadside of a steamboat, with her stern 
knocked off, and no name to be seen. 

The above wreck, there is too much reason tn fear, 
is that of the steamboat Mount Pleasant, which left 
New York at 5 P. M. on the loth ult.. for Philadelphia, 
and has never since been heard from. The wind when 
she left was blowing strong from the Notth, and increas- 
ed to a violent gale before midnight, in which it is 
supposed all on board perished. 



16 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



FlEltS BY KDPXMXm. 




The blowing up of the ship Tonquin, at the Mouth of the Columbia River, for the purpose of 
destroying the Savages, who had taken possession of her, and of whom onehundred were killed.— 
From "Voice of Adventure," by J. V. Pierce, Cornhill. 
pleasing volume, and feel happy to do so again. 



We have several times commended this 




GENEHAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Masb. 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rev.S. BULKY, of Dorchester. 
GEORGE L. COBURN,New Haven, Conn. 



Let not man put it asunder. 



In this city, on Sunday, 5th inst., at the new Bethel 
Hotel, 3 Lewis Street, by Rev. C. W. Denison, Henrv 
M. Tapscott, seaman, to Hannah M. Carpenter. 

In Beverly, Mass., by Rev. Mr. Flanders, Mr. N. W. 
TOWNS to Miss Sophia A. Strickland, both of B. — 
By the same, Capt. Charles Upton, of Salem, to Miss 
Isabella E. Cameron, of B. 

In Gloucester, Mass., Mr. J. P. Preston to Miss 
Sarah, daughter of the late Capt. Samuel Somes. 




TBS LAST VOYAGE. 

Ocean has myriad dead; and millions sink 
In sudden perils on its craving brink. 
Reader! what portion yet awaiteth thee, 
When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDING-HOUSES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by the Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy, 99 
Purchase Street. The Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead, 226 Ann Street. J. Savage, 10 Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 

Temperance Boarding House lor Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Qoin, Jr., No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, corner of Langdon 
Place. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Lutuik Hosmer, Ko. 
51 North Market Street. 

David Chaffin, 77.J Commercial Street. 
Mrs. Street, 2C9 Ann Street. 

Bethel Hotel, (late Alhambra,) Rogers & Do ABE, 
No. 3 Lewis Street. 
J. R. Taylor, 40 Southac St., for colored seamen. 
Salem. Ebenezer Griffin, neal South Bridge; Mrs. 
Greenleaf, Becket Street, near Derby Street. 

Portland, Me. — Seamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua B. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 
New York. Sailor's Home, by Uie American Sea- 
men's Friend Society, No. 190, Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 
Capt. Roland Gelston, No. 320, Pearl Street. 
Other Boarding-Houses in New York City. Jolir 
McLellan,154 Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (color- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. 

Home for Colored Seamen, under the direct ion of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, 61 Cherry Street. 

Providence, R. I. Seamen's Temperance Home, 95 
South Water Street. 

Charleston, ('apt. Hamilton. 23 Queen Street. 
Ports-month, N. H. Charles E. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket aid Bow Streets. Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor'B Home, (Eastburn House,) 
10, Lombard Street, near Front Street. Sam'] Room. 
under the care of the Female Seamen's Friend Society. 
Sailor's Home, N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts.,by Wm. Hammond, under the care of the Seamen's 
Friend Society. 

Buffalo, N. Y. Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street. 
Capt. Halcolm. 

New Haven. William J, Smith, corner of Union and 
Cherrv Streets. 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street, Fell's Point. 

American Seamen's Friend Society. 

Communications relating to the genera] concerns of 
the American Seamen's Friend Society, should be di- 
rected to Capt. Edward Richardson, President and 
General Agent, or to Rev. John Spaulding, Financial 
Secretary, No. 71, Wall Street 

Donations in aid of the funds, may be sent to Cha£ . 
N Talbot, Treasurer. No. 66, South Street, or to the 
office of the Society, No. 71, Wall Street, New York. 



In Barnstable, 30th ult., Capt. Horace S. Crocker, 
aged 31 years, late of ship Oceanus. 

Lost overboard, from ship Republic, on the passage 
from Port au Prince to New York, Henry Wise, sea- 
men, of Kennebunk. 

On board ship Triden of New Bedford, Sept. 3, 1843, 
Rodolphus Howe, seaman of Barre, Ms.— Oct 25, 1843, 
Wm W Miller, a German, fell from the fore topsail 
vard and was instantly killed. 

At sea, on board ship Herald, of New Bedford, Mr 
Bleaker Reed. 



Institutions for Seamen in the United States. 

Savings Banks for Seamen. — New York. No. 
71, Wall Street. Open every day (Sundays excepted,) 
between 12 and 2 o'clock, 

Portland. South corner of the Mariner's Church, 
(up stairs.) 

Boston. Tremont Street. Open daily, (Sundays ex- 
cepted,) from 10 to 2 o'clock. 

New Haven. In the building of the New Haven, Ct. 
Bank. 



Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street, Rev. Henry Chase, 186 Cherry Street. Baptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. R. Stewart. Episcopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. Wes- 
leyan Ship, foot of P.ector Street, North River. 

Portland. Rev.G. W. Bourne, Exchange Hall. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord; Bethel Church, North Square, Rev.E.T. Taylor. 
"Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles W. Denison, 
Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. Elder J. W. 
Holman, Union Street. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark, N. J. Rev. Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 
O.Douglass. Shippen, cor. Swanson; Rev. J. S. Taylor. 

Seamen's Bethel Union, East side of Front Street, be- 
tween Spruce and Pine; Rev. Thos. Porter. Missionary. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Allisanna St., Rev. H. Best. 

Buffalo. Rev. V. D. Taylor. 

Cleveland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Oswego. Rev. F. Pierce. 

Rocketts, Va. Rev. A. Mebane. 

Charleston. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev. 
W. B. Yates. 

Savannah. Penfield Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White. 

Alexandria, D. C. The resident CLergy. 



Sailor's Magazine. — The Sailor's Magazine is 
published bv the American Seamen's Friend Society, 
at their office, No. 71, Wall Street, New York, and is 
devoted to the improvement of the social and mora] 
condition of seamen. It is issued monthly ; contains 
thirty-two pages 8vo. Price gl 50, a year, in advance. 



Agents for the " Sheet Anchor." 

Stephen Viali.e, boston. Mass. 

Thomas Thwing, rear 97 Salem Street. 

Dea. Timothy Rich, South Boston. 

Bradbury Pevere, Roxbury. 

John N. Barbour, Cambridgeport, Mass. 

Rev. M. Carlton. Salem, Mass. 

Rev. Mr. Flanders, Beverly, Mass. 

Rev. Sereno Howe. Hingham, Mass. 

Ephraim Spooner, Plymonth, Mass. 

Charles Whipple, Bookseller, Newhuryport, Mass. 

M H. Ripley, Saxonville, Mass. 

Capt. William Cook. Provincetown, Mass. 

Rev. Charles Rockwell, Chatham, Mass. 

N. L. Dayton, Lowell, Mass. 

Levi Clapp, Worcester, Mass. 

N. Nelson, New Bedford, Mass. 

N A. Spragiie, Nantucket Mass. 

Rev. B. Taylor, Seamen's Chaplain, Providence, R I. 

W. H. S. Bailey. Bristol. R. I. 

Rev. Mr. Douglass, Providence, R. I. 

Capt. J. F. Stevens, Nashua, N H. 

Rev. G. W. Bourne. Portland, Me. 

Thomas W. Newman, Hallowell. Me. 

William Metcalf. Thomaston, Me. 

Morgan Safford for Norwich. Conn, and vicinity. 

Rev. Mr. Pai.mkr, Stoniugtnn. Conn. 

Havens &. Smith, New London, Conn. 

Capt. Roland Gelston. Now Vork. 

J. Hewson, 10 Lombard Street, Philadelphia. 

Silas Howe, Charleston. S. C. 

George Sef.lf.y. Oswego. N. Y. 

R. H. Leonard, Lane Seminary. Ohio. 

C. C. Hakard, Mobile Alabama. 

Rev. S, Peet, Beloit, W. T. 



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TOM 



REV. CHARLES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 3. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1845. 



No. 3. 



0l)CCt 2ttUl)0t\ 

OFFICE 39 MERCHANTS EOW. 
Not teclarian, devoted exchisivtly to the cause of 

SEAJIEN to VIRTUE to TIMFFRANCE 

to HUMANITY to INTELLIGENCE. 

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THE ST0ET. 

"Wonders of the deep." 



THE CHRISTIAN TRAVELLER. 

An Authentic Narrative. 

Having tarried a few days in a beautiful 
village of the West, I embarked in a vessel 
which was crossing one of the great lakes. 
Three other individuals had taken passao-e, 
and night coming on found us waiting for a 
breeze. 

About nine o'clock, as the sails were hoist- 
ed, another passenger came on board. When 
we had cleared the harbor, he entered the 
cabin, and seemed to suppose that he was 
alone ; for we had all retired to our berths. 
The lamp was burning dimly on the table, 
but it afforded sufficient light for me to dis- 
cover that he was young. Seating himself 
beside it, he drew a book from his pocket 
and read a few minutes. Suddenly, from on 
deck, was heard the voice of the captain ut- 
tering oaths, terrific beyond description. — 
The youth arose, laid his book in the chair, 
and kneeling beside it, in a low whisper en- 
gaged in prayer. I listened attentively, and 
though his soul seemed to burn within him, 
I could gather only an occasional word, or 
part of a sentence, such as " mercy," " dy- 
ing heathen," " sinners," &x. Presently lie 
seemed in an agnny of spirit for these swear- 
ers, and could scarcely suppress his voice 
while pleading with God to have mercy on 
them. My soul was stirred within me. — 
There was a sacredness in this place, and I 
was self-condemned, knowing that I also pro- 
fessed the name of Jesus, and had retired 
with my fellow passengers, to rest, not hav- 
ing spoken of God or committed myself to 
his care. 

Early in the morning I was waked by a 



" Here ! whose Tracts are these ?" followed 
by other voices in threats and imprecations 
against Tract distributors, Bethels, Tempe- 
rance Societies, &x. 

I thought of the young stranger, and fear- 
ed they would execute their threats upon him ; 
but he calmly said, " Those Tracts, sir, are 
mine. I have but few, as you see, but they 
are very good, and you may take one, if you 
wish. I brought them on board to distribute, 
but you were all too busy last night." The 
sailor smiled, and walked away, making no 
reply. 

We were soon called to breakfast with the 
captain and mate. When we were seated at 
the table, " Captain," said our young com- 
panion, " as the Lord supplies all our wants, 
if neither you nor the passengers object, I 
would like to ask his blessing on our repast." 
"Ifyou please,' replied the captain, with 
apparent good will. In a few minutes the 
cook was on deck, and informed the sailors, 
who were instantly in an uproar, and their 
mouths filled with curses. The captain 
attempted to apologise for the profanity of 
his men, saying, " it was perfectly common 
among sailors, and they meant no harm by it." 
" With your leave, captain," said the young 
stranger, " I think we can put an end to it." 
Himself a swearer, and having just apolo- 
gised for his men, the captain was puzzled 
for an answer ; but after a little hesitation 
replied, " I might as well attempt to sail 
against a head wind as to think of such a 
thing." 

" But I meant all 
man. 



that he would stop swearing ; and 



I said, 



added the young 

" Well, if you think it possible, you may 
try it," said the captain. 

As soon as breakfast was over, the oldest 
and most profane of the sailors seated him- 
self on the quarter deck to smoke his pipe. 
The young man entered into conversation 
with him, and soon drew from him a history 
of the adventures of his life. From his boy- 
hood he had followed the ocean. He had 
been tossed on the billows in many a tem- 
pest ; had visited several missionary stations 
in different parts of the world, and gave his 
testimony to the good effects of missionary 
efforts among the natives of the Sandwich 
Islands. Proud of his nautical skill, he at 
length boasted that he could do any thing that 
could be done by a sailor. 

" I doubt it," said the young man. 

"I can," answered the hardy tar, "and 
will not be outdone, my word for it." 

"Well, when a sailor passes his word he 



loud voice at the door of the companion-way : \ ought to be believed. I know a "sailor who 



resolved 
did so.' 

" Ah," said the old sailor, " you've anchor- 
ed me ; I'm fast — but I can do it." 

" I know you can," said the young man, 
" and I hope you will anchor all your ship- 
mates' oaths with yours." 

Not a word of profanity was afterwards 
heard on board the vessel. During the day, 
as opportunity presented itself, he convers- 
ed with each sailor singly on the subject 
of his soul's salvation, and gained the hearts 
of all. 

By this time, I was much interested in the 
young stranger, and determined to know more 
of him. There was nothing prepossessing 
in his appearance ; his dress was plain ; his 
manners unassuming ; but his influence had, 
by the blessing of God, in a few short hours 
totally changed the aspect of our crew. The 
tiger seemed softened to a lamb, and peace 
and quiet had succeeded confusion and blas- 
phemy. 

After supper he requested of the captain 
the privilege of attending worship in the 
cabin. His wishes were complied with, and 
soon all on board, except the man at the 
helm, were assembled. The captain brought 
out a Bible, which he said was given him in 
early life by his father, with a "request that 
he would never part with it. We listened as 
our friend read Matthew's account of Christ's 
crucifixion and resurrection ; and then look- 
ing round^jjpon us, he said, " He is risen — 
yes, Jesus lives, let us worship him." 

It was a melting scene. Knees that sel- 
dom bowed before, now knelt at the altar of 
prayer, while the solemnities of eternity seem- 
ed hanging over us. After prayer we went 
on deck and sang a hymn. It was a happy- 
place, a floating Bethel. Instead of confu- 
sion and wrath, there was sweet peace and 
solemnity. We ceased just as the setting 
sun was flinging upon us his last cheering 
rays. 

"Look yonder!" he exclaimed. "You, 
who have been nursed in the storm and cradled 
in the tempest, look at the setting sun, and 
learn a lesson that will make you happy when 
it shall set to rise no more. As rose that 
sun this morning to afford us light and com- 
fort, so has the Son of God arisen to secure 
salvation to all who accept and love him ; and 
as that sun withdraws its beams, and we are 
veiled in darkness for a season, so will the 
Sun of righteousness withdraw his ofFers of 
mercy from all who continue to neglect 
them. But remember, that season. is one 
that never ends — one dark, perpetuaf hio-ht ." 



i 



18 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



The captain, deeply affected, went into the 
cabin, lit his lamp, took his Bible, and was 
engaged in reading till we had retired to rest. 
In the morning, as soon as we were seated 
at the breakfast table, the captain invied our 
friend to ask a blessing. " There, gentle- 
men," said he, " this is the first time I ever 
made such a request ; and never, till this 
voung man came on board, have 1 been asked 
for the privilege of holding prayers, though 
I have a thousand times expected it, both on 
the ocean and the lake; and have as often, 
on being disappointed, cursed religion in my 
heart, and believed that it was all delusion. 
Now I see the influence of the Bible, and 
though I make no claims to religion myself, 
I respect it, for my parents were Christians; 
and though I have never fellowed their coun- 
sels, I cannot forget them." 

After this, for three days, we regularly at- 
tended family worship, and had much inter- 
esting conversation on various subjects, for 
there was nothing in the religion of the young 
stranger to repress the cheerfulness of social 
intercourse. From his familiarity with the 
Bible, his readiness in illustrating its truths 
and presenting its motives ; and from his 
fearless, but judicious and persevering steps, 
we concluded that he was a minister of the 
gospel. From all he saw, he gathered lau- 
rels to cast at his Master's feet, and in all his 
movements aimed to show that eternity was 
not to be trifled with. A few hours before 
we arrived in port, we ascertained that he 
was a mechanic. 

Before we reached the wharf, the captain 
came forward and with much feeling bade 
him farewell ; declared that he was resolved 
to live as he had done no longer — his wife, he 
said, was a Christian, and he meant to go and 
live with her ; and added, " I have had min- 
isters as passengers on board my vessel Sab- 
bath days and week days, but never before 
have I been reminded of the family altar 
where my departed parents knelt." As we 
left the vessel, every countenance showed 
that oar friend had, by his decided, yet mild 
and Christian faithfulness, won the gratitude 
of many, and the esteem of all. 



THE BUOY. 

THMPERANOE : the Buoy thai always floats in cold 
water, and shows where the Anchor is. 



OLD BOBBY BOLLIYER. 

The Temperance reformation, in the sail- 
or's phraseology, had been for some time, 
going at the rate of ten knots an hour, in the 

village of , a busy little town upon the 

seahoard, where were plenty of end and emi- 
tters', and very little cash. The tavern keeper 
had rfauled down his flag, half mast at least ; 
the toddy-stirring shop-keeper had broken his 
.stick in despair; and tfife conscientious g*6cer 
had laid three coats of black paint, with his 
own hands, over the gin — huanoy — r.oi, 
which for many years had disfigured his win- 
dow-slmtter. A considerable number of old 
hits bewail to appear about the streets. This 
was easily explained ; the reformed drunkards 
were putting glasses into their window-sashes. 
Men and their wives, who had fought two or 
three times a week, for ten years or more, 
w.;re seen walking, on the Sabbath, to God's 
house in company together. Groups of bare- 
footed, rosy cheeked, white-headed children 
flocked to the shore, when the fishing boats 



arrived, to greet their fathers at their first 
landing. Times were wonderfully altered ; 'tarnal heavy 1 
a few years ago, when drunkenness was the 
order of the day, you might have seen these 
very children scampering in terror, at the 
coming of their intoxicated parents, like a 
fleet of pinkeys under bare poles, before a gale 
of wind. 

, No licenses were granted in the village. 
Skipper Wharton, who lived up at the head 
of the cove, and who used to get a gang of 
loafers, of a Sunday morning, round the lee 
of Colonel Orne's barn, and swear he wouldn't 
give up his liberty, had signed the pledge with 
tears in his eyes, broken his rum-jug into fifty 
pieces, bought a family Bible, and became 
constant at Church. There was such a 
change in the village, among young and old, 
male and female, that Parson Veazie — and 
there was no better man — said "'twas a fore- 
taste of the Millenium." 

Still, rum would somehow or other, work 
its way into the village, in spite of every pre- 
caution. "Caulk a ship's bottom ever so 
cleverlv," as old Captain Holland used to say, 
'• a littie bilge will be found aboard of her, 
after all." 

Some of the fishermen continued to get 
drunk, but nobody could discover whence 
they got their liquor. There was none sold 
openly in the village, and the utmost efforts 
of the Temperance Society, to detect the 
source of supply, proved altogether ineffectu- 
al. There was a wee bit of a weather-beat- 
en fisherman in the town, who went by the 
name of old Bobby Bolliver. He was re- 
markable for his shrewdness, and a rogue 
must have been singularly expert, who, by his 
shiftings and doublings, could elude the pur- 
suit of Bobby Bolliver, when he had once got 
the scent. The old man was handsomely 
feed in his hand, by some vigilant members 
of the Society, and a still more liberal reward 
was promised him, should he finally succeed 
in ferreting out the violators of the law. He 
had constant intercourse with the tipplers 
themselves, yet more than eight months went 
by, without the slightest discovery. 

Bobby Bolliver was an indefatigable crea- 
ture; and strong hopes were entertained that 
he would catch the rogues at last. Meetings 
were held occasionally at the minister's house, 
who was an active member of the Society. 
Bobby Bolliver was commonly present, and in 
the language of legislation, "reported pro- 
gress, and begged leave to sit again." It 
seemed to be a hopeless case. All agreed, 
however, that Bobby Bolliver did his best, and 
had well earned his reward. As v.e have sta- 
ted, he was an untiring creature. You might 
see him, with the first peep of light, fishing 
off the rocks in his dory, for dinners : or, if 
the weather suited, unmooring his pinkey for 
a stretch out after cod and haddock : and at 
night-fall, the laborious old man would conic 
slowly along, with a load of fish upon his 
shoulder, borne on a pole, at the end of which 
might always be seen his long fisherman's 
boots. 

Upon one occasion the poor old fisherman, 
moving homeward under the weight of an 
unusual heavy load, made a mis-step, and fell 
with his burthen to the ground. Two or three 
of the young men of the village, who were 
near at hand, stepped to his assistance; one 
helped up the old man, another gathered up 
his fish, and a third picked up his boots. 
" Whv, daddv Bolliver," said he, " what in 



the name o' nature makes your boots so 



; They're full o' water, like 
as not," cried the old man, with evident im- 
patience, " let me have 'em." " Water," cri- 
ed the first speaker, " why here's four junk- 
bottles in 'em," pulling out the cork of on< 
of the bottles as he spoke, " water, to be sure. 
— so it is, and pretty strong water into the 
bargain." " Hallo, look a here!" he cried, 
and in five minutes, the poor old fox was sur- 
rounded with half the young hounds of the 
village. It was unanimously voted to escort 
him, rum bottles and all, forthwith to parson 
Veazie's. 

Poor old Bobby Bolliver then and there 
made his humble confession. He kept a ten 
gallon keg of rum locked up in his grog-shop. 
which was in the forecastle on board of his 
pinkey. When his store was out, he ran into 
Salem or Boston for a fresh supply. Under 
pretence of leaving a cod or haddock with his 
customers, he availed himself of the opportu- 
nity to leave a junk bottle. 

This, as we believe, is no very uncommon 
character, and we counsel every town in the 
Commonwealth to keep a sharp look out for 
old Bobby Bolliver. 



GROG IN THE NAVY. 

A naval writer in the Maryland Herald, gives an 
account of a cruise on board one of our national vessels, 
in which he says : 

" We had a crew of about 290 officers and 
men all told, or about 200 men — we were 
out from the 5th of June, 1843, to Decem- 
ber 10, 1844, or about 18 months — during 
which timi?, 4085 lashes with the cat, and 
859 with the colt were served out in a friendly 
way ; and as to grog, I know I can carry a 
good deal under my jacket — but they beat 
me all hollow. Some of the officers could 
drink 14 glasses before breakfast — and if the 
wardroom steward's authority is worth any 
thincr, ' there tcias liquor enough served out 
daily to scald a hog.' " 

A GOOD EXAMPLE. 

The good ship Charles W. Morgan, owned 
by Charles W. Morgan of New Bedford, and 
commanded by Thomas A. Norton of Edgar- 
town, recently arrived at that port, with ;i 
full cargo of oil, after an absence of between 
three and four years. The pilots, when the) 
board a ship, take with them the temperance 
pledge, and thus give every sailor an oppor- 
tunity to record his determination to become 
a temperance man, to the confusion of all 
grog-shop landlords and sharks. The pilot 
on "boarding the Charles W. Morgan pro- 
duced the teetotal pledge, and it was promptly 
sio-ned by every person on board, from the 
captain to the cabin-boy ! 

The strictest discipline and good orai r 
prevailed on board the ship during the pas- 
sage. Captain Norton proved himself truly 
the sailors' friend, and nineteen or twenty of 
the seamen, who, when they shipped, kneu 
nothing of navigation, came home well in- 
structed in the theory and practice of the 
art, and able to navigate and sail a vessel to 
any part of the world. Twenty-three of th«- 
crew and officers belonged to Martha's Vine- 
yard, and of course were true-blue seamen. 
and native Americans. This speaks well for 
the goo3 people of that island. 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



19 



THE WATER-DRINKER. 

AS EEOITBD BY PROFESSOR GREEN8ANK. 

Oh ! water for me! bright water for me, 

And wine lor the tremulous debauchee! 

Jt cooieth the brow, it cooieth the brain ; 

It maketh the faint one strong again j 

It comes o'er the sense like a breeze from the sea, 

All freshness, like infant purity, 

Oh ! water, bright water for me, for me ! 

<Jivc wine, give wine to the debauchee! 

Fill to the brim! fill, fill to the brim, 

Let the flowing ehrystal kiss the rim ! 

■For my hand is steady, my eye is true, 

For I, like the flowers, drink nought but dew ; 

Oh ! water, bright water's a mine of wealth. 

And the ores ityieldeth are vigor and health. 

So water, pure water for me, for me ! 

And wine for the tremulous debauchee ! 

Fill again to the brim ! again to the hrim ! 
For water strengtheneih'life and limb! 
To the days of the aged it addeth length. 
To the might of the strong it addeth strength, 
It freshens the heart, it brightens the sight, 
'T is like quafiW a goblet of morning licht ! 
So water, I will drink naught but thee, 
Thou parent of health and energy! 

When o'er the hills, like a gladsome bride, 
.Morning walks forth in her beauty's pride, 
And, leading a hand of laughing hours, 
Brushes the dew from the nodding flowers; 
Oh ! cheerily then thy voice is heard. 
Mingling with that of the soaring bird, 
Who flingeth abroad his matin loud, 
As he freshens his wing in the cold, gray cloud. 

But when evening has quitted her sheltering yew, 
Drowsily flying and weaving aneiv 
Her dusky meshes o'er land and o'er sea, 
How gently, O sleep, tall thv poppies on me! 
For I drink water, pure, cold, and bright, 
So hurrah! for thee, water ! hurrah, hurrah ! 
Thou art silver and sold, thou art riband and star ! 
Hurrah! for bright water ! hurrah, hurrah ! 



THS HOME. 

A safe and pleasant Harbor for casting Anchor. 



For the Sheet Anchor. 

LOG ROOK OF A BETHEL FLAG. 

By Capt. JOHN F. BOWERS. 
CHAPTER II. 

I again took my station at the mast head 
of the ship C , bound to the coast of Su- 
matra. Here the captain held conversations 
with the crew, and supplied them with charts 
and directions.* Before we arrived out, an 
memy was found on board. I was held in 
bitter contempt. 

He told my countrymen that it was dan- 
gerous for a Bethel 1kg to be on that coast; 
that I should teach the Malays manners and 
customs that was not lawful for them to ob- 
serve about certain weights, by which craft they 
had their gain. The interpreter on board, 
hearing praying and singing daily, asked 
what these things meant. The enemy, to 
cast a slur, told him that our captain was a 
priest! But, as God would have it, this lie 
turned out to the furtherance of the gospel. 
The Malays hold those who have be°en on 
pilgrimage to Mecca in great reverence. 
The news went up and down the coast far and 
near, as fast as wind could carry it, and the 
captain and his Christian banner were held 
m great respect, contrary to the wishes of 
the enemy. The interpreter declared to his 
friends on shore that he had been on board a 
fortnight, and had not seen one fight, nor 
heard any speak a bad word for God, i. e. 
profane language. 

I next went cruising up and down the 
coast. The Malays were very desirous to 
see and hear the captain speak for his divine 

* Bibles and tracts. 



Master. One old interpreter said " he had 
been a long time on board of ships — never 
saw the like, before; he always thought that 
pepper was the god for the Americans 1 " 

One said " he thought all was Christians ; 
but he never knew one to pray, but all speak i 
bad." He wanted to know how it was. 
The captain then pointed him to a eertain 
rajah, and asked him if he was a Mahomedan. 
He said "Yes." " But," says the captain, 
" he smokes opium, he gambles, he speaks 
bad words for God." He answered, " Yes." 
The captain then pointed him another who 
was free from those vices, and daily prayed, 
and asked him if he was not a Mahomedan. 
To this he answered with a peculiar phrase 
and dialect, " Kie yahn ! some man believe ; 
some man no believe; now me see." He 
told his discovery to the natives, which caused 
much rejoicing among them. 

As we were about to leave the coast, a 
chief man who had been much on board, 
and on the Sabbath, asked me for some 
tracts. He said " he wanted them speak all 
same as God speak." The captain gave two 
or three, and he asked for more. As the old 
man knew he could not read them, he asked 
what he wanted of them? " Your country- 
men," said he," will not buy them." " No," 
he replied, " but when I go on board ship, I 
take book and give it captain. 'Spose he | 
good man, he take book, read, speak good 
for God, I trade with him. 'Spose he no 
good, he heave book away — I no trade." 

The captain gave a good supply, and be- 
gan the first Malay tract distribution on that 
coast. After leaving Sumatra, we arrived at 
Gibraltar. Here I found brethren, and took 
in a supply of charts and directions. The 
pope said they were contraband articles in 
his dominions ; but my Master said that the 
gospel must be sent to all nations, and I 
chose to obey him rather than man. 

Arrived at Genoa, we disposed of them all, 
to the great joy of those that received them. 
In the hospital was found one sailor, almost 
gone with consumption, without hope, chart, 
or direction. He had been here three weeks, 
and had not seen any one that he could talk 
with. In such a land, strange and distant, 
how sweetly the sound of the tongue of a 
countryman falls on the ear ! He said the 
Catholic priests had been often to him, and 
wanted him to join them. He was sensible 
he could not live long. The captain fur- 
nished him with all things needful, and 
prayed for divine guidance. He trusted too 
much in himself; said he had not been as bad 
as some. He was visited three or four times 
a week during our stay. All hands at last 
rejoiced to see him put his hope in the 
Saviour's merits. The captain said he had 
parted with a good many; but this strano-e 
sailor was dear to him He said he saw and 
learnt a great deal during his visits to that 
hospital. Scarcely ever did he visit but he 
saw the dead or dying. The captain gave 
charts and directions freely here anion" the 
shipping, and we returned home. 

We next visited Richmond, Va. — or, 
rather, Bermuda Hundreds — where the ship- 
ping lay. Here we spake to bond and free. 
The bondman said " he could not read the 
chart, but he could understand it." 

We again visited Antwerp. I took my 
Sabbath station, and collected twenty or 
thirty — some from the shore, and others from 
ships. Here we met a ship's crew, all teeto- 
tallers, and part servants of the Lord One 



ship's crew we much surprised when we re- 
fused to take pay for charts and directions. 
We then visited Liverpool. Here the flag 
waved over the Bethel chapel and floating 
church, where the mariner could worship, 
and none molest or make afraid. 

We came to Mobile. I was invited to 
come to town and take my station at the 
mast-head of several vessels there, and did 
so. Brethren from shore helped us. We 
found many who loved the Lord, in tne Bay. 
There were meetings on board of three dif- 
ferent vessels on the Sabbath. From here I 
returned to Boston. 

[End of Chapter Second.] 

THE SAILOR'S FUNERAL. 

BY MRS. SIGOURNET. 

The ship's bell tolled, and slowly to the deck 

Came forth the summoned crew — bold, hardv men, 

Far from their native skies, stood silent there 

With melancholy brows. From the low clouds 

That o'er the horizon hovered, came a sound 

Of distant, muttered thunder. Broken waves 

Heaved up their sharp white helmets o'er the expanse 

Of Ocean, which in brooding stillness lay 

Like some vindictive king, who meditates 

On hoarded wrongs, and wakes the wrathful war. 

The ship's bell tolled !— And lo, a youthful form, 

Which olt had dared the high and slippery shrouds, 

At midnight's watch, was as a burden laid 

Down at his comrades' feet. — Mournful they gazed 

Upon his noble brow, and some there were 

Who in that bitter huur remembered well 

The parting blessing of his hoary sire, 

And the fond tears that o'er his mother's cheeks 

Went coursing down, when her son's happy voice 

Bade them farewell. But one who nearest stood 

To that pale shrouded corse, remembered more, — 

Of a white cottage with its shaven lawn. 

And blossomed hedge, and of a fair-haired girl 

Who at her porch of creeping woodbine watched 

His last, far step, ar.d then rushed back to weep. — 

And close that faithful comrade in hiB breast 

Hid a bright chestnut lock, which the dead youth 

Had severed with a cold and trembling hand 

In life's extremity, and bade him bear 

With broken words of love's last eloquence 

To his sweet Mary. Now that chosen friend 

Bowed low his sun-burnt face, and like a child 

Sobbed in his sorrow. But there came a tone 

Clear as the breaking moon o'er stormy seas, 

" I am the resurrection !" 

Every heart 
Suppressd its grief — and every eye wns raised. 
There stood the Chaplain — his uncovered brow 
Pure from all earthly passion, — while his voice 
Kich as the balm from plants of Paradise, - 
Poured the Eternal's message o'er the soul* 
Of dying men. 

It was a holy hour ! — 
There lay the wreck of youthful beauty, — here 
Stood mourning manhood, — while supporting Faith 
Cast her strong anchor, where no moaning surge 
Might threaten, and no mortal wo invade. 
There was a plunge ! — The parting Sea complained '. 
Death from her briny bosom took his own. 
The troubled lountains of the deep lift up 
Their subterranean portals, and he went 
Down to the floor of Ocean, 'mid the beds 
Of brave and beautiful ones. — Yet lo mv soul, 
'Mid all the funeral pomp, the measured dirge, 
And monumental grandeur, with which Earlh 
Indulgeth her dead sons, — was nnught so sad, 
Sublime, or sorrowful, as the wild sea 
Opening her mouth to whelm that sailor youth. 



MORE HOMES NEEDED. 

REPORT OF NEW YORK BETHEL MISSIOKABY. 

Nov. 27. A captain in speaking of thf 
reformation of seamen thought it had been 
very great, but said there were formidable 
obstacles still in the way, one of which wa.- 
the wretched places for sailers, called board- 
ing houses. These he considered to be the 
root of the evil, and till they could be re- 
moved, he thought many sailors would not be 
reformed permanently. The chief aim at 
these places is, first to persuade the sailors to 
drink, so that they can get their money ; and 
while they do this most effectually and satis- 
factorily to themselves, they induce the sailor 
to believe that he has not a better friend on 



20 



SHEET A N C HOR. 



earth. I believe the captain spoke the truth, 
but I see some evidence that this difficulty is 
beinw removed, for when Jack once gets in 
his sober senses, he reasons like other men, 
and after he renounces the intoxicating cup 
and si<ms the pledge, he calculates to avoid 
those places where he is likely to be ensnared, 
and goes to the sailors' home, and other tem- 
perance boarding houses. I hope the time 
will soon come when the sailor will not only 
seek such homes altogether, but when none 
others will be found. Then would he listen 
to the gospel as he never did before, then 
would he read the Bible and the religious 
tracts as he never did before, then would the 
ships become bethels, and distant nations, 
yea even the whole world would soon feel the 
blessed influence resulting therefrom. 

Distributed tracts among the sailors' board- 
ing houses. I was very well received, and 
my tracts also, by the boarders. Conversed 
with a sailor who was well dressed and ready 
for church and said he was going. He had 
been once a very hard drinker, but now had 
reformed, signed the temperance pledge, 
attended temperance meetings and prayer 
meetings, and went to church regularly on 
the Sabbath. He boarded at the Sailors' 
Home and spoke well of the house. Thus 
we see the effects of temperance — it trans- 
forms him who has made a beast, and less 
than a beast of himself, into a man bearing 
the image of his Maker. Another with 
whom I conversed did not attend church, 
was ragged, filthy, and truly wretched, be- 
cause he indulged in intemperance, and was 
then partially under its influence. He re- 
marked that of a numerous family, he was 
the only one who was not pious. 



THI MS 1© 

"A Map of busy life.' 



SHIPWRECK OF THE SOUL. 

By Rev. WM. SCORESBT. 

Suppose a valuable ship, with a precious 
carco, is fitted out for a distant voyage — to a 
far country where neither captain or crew had 
ever been. Now what would you think of 
the Captain who would take charge of such 
a ship, and should neglect to furnish himself 
with a compass to steer by, and a chart with 
directions to guide him? Should you not 
think him beside himself; unfit to command; 
unworthy the name of a sailor ? Should you 
not call his conduct fool-hardy presumption ? 

Thoughtless sailor ! who pursuest the voy- 
age through life, to the far region of eternity, 
without a Bible as thy only compass, chart, 
and drections — "Thou art the man!" Pre- 
sumptuous sailor ! — who, without a Bible as 
thy guide, venturest upon this voyage to the 
world beyond the ocean of time, where no 
man living hath been, and for which there is 
no other instructor — " Thou art the man !" 
Thou takest charge of the frail bark, the body, 
which is subject to ten thousand dangers and 
as many kinds of shipwreck — thou hast in 
charge an immortal soul, as a cargo, worth 
ten thousand inanimate worlds, yet thou dar- 
ingly venturest abroad, amidst all the dangers 
of life, without the only compass that can 
guide, or chart that can direct thee — the 
word of God! Is it wise, let me ask, to ven- 
ture thy soul on a chance upon which no 
good sailor will venture the most worthless 



ship? Surely it is neither wise nor manly to 
reject the only infallible guide for an eternal 
world, without which, bo one who has the 
power of obtaining it, can reasonably expect 
to avoid the numerous dangers that lie in the 
ordinary course through life. — However cour- 
ageous a man may be, none but a mad man 
will despise death — no one in his senses will 
court danger. All rational men acknowledge 
these worldly maxims, and most men are care- 
ful to act upon them ; yet how trifling are the 
pains, aud perils, and terrors of this life, com- 
pared with the terrors of a future judgment 
to the ungodly ! For there is no ocean so 
deep as the depths of hell — there is no sea so 
turbulent as a troubled conscience ; there is 
no hurricane so fierce as the wrath of God ; 
there is no shipwreck so terrible as the ship- 
wreck of the soul. — Whoever then is wise, let 
him obtain the Word of God, which points 
out every danger, and let him deeply study 
the precious volume, which, by Christ help- 
ing him, will guide him safely through all the 
perils and dangers of this life, and at last lead 
him into the haven of immortal happiness and 
glory. 



ADDRESS TO 

SHIPMATES AND BROTHER SAILORS. 

Delivered at Mariner's Church, Portland, Me. 
Br (Jaft. E. Jones, of the V, S. Service. 

The few observations that I propose to 
make will be addressed principally to my 
brother seamen, in whose welfare and moral 
improvement I profess to feel a peculiar in- 
terest. 

I would ask my fellow seamen to compare 
their present, with their former privileges. — 
Thirty one years ago, 1 commenced my sea- 
faring career. Then the poor weather-beaten 
" Tar" could hardly find a disinterested friend, 
but now his case is very different — a host of 
good men, and true, have sprung up in al- 
most every part of the world, whose pride 
and ambition is to aid in the religious, moral 
and intellectual improvement of sailors. — 
Portland, I am happy to find, can boast of a 
goodly number, who are ever ready, nay, 
anxious to assist you in every laudable un- 
dertaking. 

Here, too, as in many other places, you 
have a never-failing friend and counsellor in 
our worthy Bethel minister, to whom, and 
the like of whom, I would recommend every 
sailor to apply for counsel and advice. 

It has been said, and I must confess with 
much truth, that seamen are more given to 
intoxication than any other class of men. 
Why is this the case ? Doubtless many causes 
might be assigned. I will only name such as 
I consider among the most prominent. 

First, a sad deficiency of self-respect among 
themselves. Secondly, wicked negligence 
(until within the few last years,) on the part 
of our religious and moral community, in so 
lono- withholding from them the means best 
calculated to effect their reformation — and 
lastly, though not of the least importance, 
the undue influence that many of their land- 
lords and other professed friends exercise 
over them. 

I regret the necessity I feel myself under 
of being personal in my remarks ; my sub- 
ject, however, demands the plainest dealing, 
and I am constrained to say, that a great de- 
cree of that moral degradation which we see 
among seamen, may be imputed to those per- 
sons who are known to exercise over them 



almost unlimited influence. How great, then, 
is the responsibility of those who have them, 
as it were, in their keeping. 

There is not a class of men under the 
broad canopy of heaven, more susceptible 
of tender and noble impressions than sailors, 
and yet how many there are, whose study it 
is to impose on their generous nature, and 
rob them of their hard earnings. 

Seamen, — I profess to be perfectly con- 
versant with your character and all your pe- 
culiarities. For thirty-one years, " the moun- 
tain wave has been my home ;" twenty-five 
years of which have been devoted to the ser- 
vice of my country. I have served in the 
Navy, Army, and Revenue of these United 
States, and have been associated on duty with 
over fifty thousand seamen, and from the cir- 
cumstance of my having filled almost every 
station from that of a ward-room boy in the 
Navy up to my present situation, it must be 
admitted that I have had ample opportunities 
of making myself well acquainted with your 
character. 

Long experience has convinced me that 
sailors are not, as some have contended, an 
irreclaimable race of men, but on the con- 
trary, I insist that they may be more easily 
reclaimed than many other classes that 1 
might mention. Therefore, in their behalf, 
I hope to see the Christian, the moralist, and 
the philanthropist, more firmly united. — 
Would to heaven 1 could persuade my fellow 
seamen to reflect seriously on their present 
privileges. Surely every inducement is offer- 
ed you to take a respectable standing in the 
religious, moral, and social world. Why, 
then, do you hesitate ? It is certainly not for 
the want of ability ; for it is evident that na- 
ture and nature's God have endowed you with 
power and faculties sufficiently strong to re- 
sist any temptation. Be entreated, then, to 
put on the whole armor of manhood, and at 
once, dash the liquid devil from your lips, 
and take your proper station in society.— 
Sailors are in the habit of making a variety 
of excuses for continuing their dissolute 
habits, some have told me that it was no man- 
ner of use for them to reform ; for if they 
did, there was no one that cared a fig for a 
common sailor. — Now nothing can be more 
erroneous than this opinion ; for I am confi- 
dent there is no class of men in our country, 
whose welfare and moral improvement, had 
attracted half as much attention as that which 
has been bestowed on seamen for the last 
fifteen years. With respect to sailors and 
sailors' rights, public opinion has undergone 
a complete revolution. The feelings of our 
merchants and ship-masters, have been ma- 
terially changed in your favor. When I first 
went to sea, it was not an uncommon thing 
to keep a ship's company on short allowance 
for the entire voyage, and that short allow- 
ance of the meanest and cheapest quality — 
then the most ordinary kind of provisions 
was considered by many, " good enough for 
sailors." But those times and principles 
have passed away, and are succeeded by a 
better state of things, and every sailor ought 
to feel, sensibly feel, that the most noble and 
generous efforts have been made, and are still 
making, for his temporal and eternal interest. 
And permit me to tell you, that instead of 
your being a despised and neglected class of 
men, the reverse is the case, so far as your 
own conduct will justify. In order to be- 
come respectable and useful citizens, you 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



21 



have only to be temperate, moral, and indus- 
trious. There is nothing that affords me 
half so much pleasure, as that of meeting 
with an honest and well-disposed sailor. An 
honest, temperate seaman, is to my eye the 
most beautiful sight under heaven. Sailors ! 
are you prepared to join the Temperance 
Society, and honestly act up to its require- 
ments, which by the bye, are but few and 
simple ? In behalf of the Society I invite 
you ; we are all anxious to offer you the right 
hand of fellowship in the good cause ; we 
entreat you to come and participate in the 
pleasures of temperance. Give it but a fair 
trial, and I feel assured that you will find its 
" ways the ways of pleasantness, and all its 
paths peace." 

[To be continued.] 



Blest WOMAN'S voice! whose accents mild, 

From sordid motives free, 
Sweetly proclaim to Ocean's child : 

" Sailor! there's HOPE for thee." 



THE MOTHER'S BIBLE. 

BY MISS JENKINS. 

The sick sailor drew from under his pillow 
a small Bible. This, with a strong effort, he 
raised above his head, while with great eager- 
ness, and a face glowing with strong emotion, 
he said, " And if I have been enabled to live 
thus, let me bear my testimony to the truth 
of this holy book, which has been made, by 
the grace of God, ' a lamp to my feet and a 
light to my path.' This has taught me to 
renounce sin, and strive after holiness. This 
has brought me to the feet of that dear Saviour 
who died for sinners. This has led me to 
repentance and faith, and to earnest endeavors 
to be faithful in every duty. This has led 
me to fly every sin, as opposed to the will of 
God ; to perform every known duty ; to pray 
daily, hourly, for strength from heaven to do 
this, and to strive, as well as pray, lest I 
should enter into temptation. And now," 
he added, looking upward with a heavenly 
expression, " this blessed book points me to 
heaven, and reveals its glories to my soul. 
This Bible has been my chart and my guide, 
and must be so to all who would see heaven. 
O, let me not receive the praise : give God 
the glory !" 

He fell back exhausted, and seemed to be 
in prayer. Then, turning to his captain, he 
thanked him for all his kindness to him, and 
prayed that they miijht meet in heaven. 

And now, sir," said he, " let me bid you 
a last farewell." The captain, as he took 
his hand, said, " may your God be my God ; 
may I die the death of the righteous, and my 
last end be like his." He motioned for his 
shipmates, and they gathered around him. 
He exhorted them to " seek the Lord while 
he might be found, and to call upon him 
while he was near." To read his word, love 
him, and obey his commandments ; to walk 
in the footsteps of Jesus, and become his dis- 
ciples. " He will be precious in life," he 
said, " and O, how precious in death!" He 
then distributed several tracts among them, 
and begged them to read them, with other 
good books. " And, above all," he said, 

study your Bible. Call it not dull employ- 
ment. When you are on your dying bed, 
you will feel that time thus spent will be 
pleasant to reflect upon." He then extended 



his hand ; each advanced separately, and 
heard, with tears, his dying entreaties to love 
and fear God, and received from him a last 
farewell. " And now, my faithful friend," he 
said, to him who watched over him, " accept 
my thanks for all your tender care of me. 
Take this Bible, and may it be blessed to 
your soul ! Within it you will find a fare- 
well letter to my friends at home, written 
when I was first seized, for I felt that this 
would be my last sickness. Will you give it 
to them? Assure them of my undying love; 
and, O, tell them from me to love Jesus, the 
Saviour of sinners." 

He bade a tender farewell to his kind 
friend, and gave one last look on all around, 
breathed a fervent prayer, and then gently 
fell asleep in the Lord. 

Rude was the coffin in which reposed in 
death the pious sailor, and dark looked the 
deep sea into which it was plunged ; but 
warm tears of affection were shed over it, and 
tender were the sighs which attended it to its 
final resting-place. 

Such may be the sailor's holy life, such 
may be his happy death. Who will choose 
it for his own ? Who will make the Lord his 
portion ? 



syw 



mo 



Dedicated to tho Young Friends of the Sailor. 

BOB, THE CABIN BOY. 

BY REV. S. C. SMITH, OF PENZANCE. 

A few months since, a vessel sailed from 
England with a captain whose habitual blas- 
phemy, drunkenness and tyranny, so disgusted 
the crew, that some of the most fatal conse- 
quences might have taken place, but for the 
sudden and alarming illness of their cruel 
and depraved commander. The mate took 
charge of the ship, and the captain, greatly 
afflicted in his cabin, was left, by the unani- 
mous voice of a hardened crew, to perish. 
He had continued nearly a week in this neg- 
lected state, no one venturing to visit him, 
when the heart of a poor boy on board was 
touched with his sufferings, and he deter- 
mined to enter the cabin and speak to him. 
He descended the companion-ladder, and 
opening the state-room door, called out, 
"Captain, how are you?" A su.-ly voice 
replied, "What's that to you? — be off." 
Next morning, however, he went down again 
— " Captain, hope you are better." " O, 
Bob, I'm very bad ; been very ill all night." 
" Captain, please to let me wash your hands 
and face ; it will refresh you very much." 
The Captain nodded assent. Having per- 
formed this kind office, the boy said, " Please, 
master, let me shave you." He was permit- 
ted to do this also ; and, having adjusted the 
bed-clothes, he grew bolder, and proposed 
some tea. The captain knew he had no 
mercy to expect from his crew, and had de- 
termined not to solicit any. " I'll perish," 
said his obstinate, perverse soul, "rather than 
ask one favor of them." But the kindness 
of this poor boy found its way to his heart ; 
and, in spite of all his daring, independent 
spirit, his bowels melted, and his iron face 
displayed the starting tear. 

The captain now declined apace : his 
weakness was daily increasing, and he be- 
came gradually convinced that he should not 



live many weeks at farthest. His mind was 
filled with increasing terror as the prospect 
of death and eternity drew nearer to his con- 
fused and agitated view. He was as igno- 
rant as he was wicked. Brought up among 
the worst of seamen in early life, he had 
imbibed all their principles, followed their 
practices, and despised remonstrance or re- 
proof. A man-of-war had finished his educa- 
tion ; and a long course of successful voyages, 
as master of a vessel, had contributed to 
harden his heart, and led him not only to say 
there is no God, but to act under that persua- 
sion. Alarmed at the idea of death, and 
ignorant of the way of salvation, with a con- 
science now thundering conviction to his 
guilty soul, he cried one morning, just as 
Bob opened the state-room door and affec- 
tionately inquired, " Well, master, how is it 
with you this morning?" "Ah, Bob, I'm 
very bad ; my body is getting worse and 
worse; but I should not mind that so much, 
were it not for my soul. O, Bob, what shall 
I do? I'm a great sinner. I'm afraid I shall 
go to hell — I deserve it. Alas, Bob, I'm a 
lost man." " O no, master," said the boy, 
" Jesus Christ can save you." " No, Bob, 
no, I cannot see the least prospect of being 
saved. O, what, a sinner I have been ! what 
will become of mc ?" His stony heart was 
broken, and he poured out his complaints 
before the boy, who strove all he could to 
comfort him, but in vain. 

One morning the boy just appeared, when 
the captain sung out, " O, Bob, I've been 
thinking of a Bible. I know there is not 
one in the cabin ; go forward and see if you 
can find one in the men's chests." The boy 
succeeded, and the poor dying; man beheld 
him enter with tears of joy. " Ah, Bob, that 
will do — that will do ; you must read to mc, 
and I shall soon know whether such a wicked 
man as I am can be saved, and how it is to 
be done. Now, Bob, sit down on my chest, 
and read to me out of that blessed book." 
" Where shall I read, master?" " I do not 
know, Bob. I never read it myself; but try 
and pick out some places that speak about 
sinners and salvation." " Well, master, then 
I'll take the New Testament ; you and I shall 
understand it better, for, as my poor mother 
used to say, there are not so many hard words 
there." The boy read for two hours, while 
the captain, stretching his neck over the bed- 
place, listened with the eagerness of a man 
on the verge of eternity. 

Eager the next morning to meet again, 
Bob arose at day-light, and opening the state 
room door saw his master had risen from his 
pillow and crawled to the corner of his bed- 
place ; there he appeared kneeling down in 
the attitude of prayer, his hands clasped and 
raised, and his body leaning against the ship- 
side. The boy paused and waited a few mo- 
ments, fearful of disturbing his master. At 
length he called, in a sort of whisper, " Mas- 
ter." No answer. " Master." No reply. 
He ventured to creep forward a little, and 
then said, " Master." All was silent ! Again 
he cried, " Captain." Silence reigned ! He 
stretched out his hand and touched his leg ; 
it was cold, and stiff", and clammy. He 
called again, " Captain." He raised his 
hand to his shoulder ; he tenderly shook it. 
The position of the body was altered : it de- 
clined gently until it rested on the bed ; but 
the spirit had fled some hours before, we 
hope, to be with Christ, which is far better. 



22 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



BOSTOJV, SATURDAY, FEB. 1, 1845. 



fcJ-Tho SHEET ANCHOR is, and shall be, entirely 
free from SECTARIANISM, and all EXTRANEOUS 
TOPICS. 

BOSTON SEAMEN'S AID SOCIETY. 

Another annual meeting of. this association 
was held in Tremont Temple, on Wednesday, 
January 14. Rev. E. T, Taylor opened the ex- 
ercises with prayer, and made an appropriate ad- 
dress to the friends of seamen present. Highly 
gratifying reports were read for the Secretary of 
the Society, by Mr. Chickeking, and the Master ' g out h Main Street Bethel, at Providence. It 



It is cheering to the friends of seamen to go 
on board the Superb. The order of a Bethel— 
the house of God— is there. Wherever Capt. 
Nissen unfurls his blue banner, with the dove 
and the olive leaf on its folds, crowds of people 
gather around his beautiful vessel, and good is 
done. He attended, with a part of his crew, one 
of our Sabbath evening meetings at the Com- 
mercial Street Bethel. We hope to see and 
hear him there often. 

Pleasant winds and prosperous voyages be 
with the Swedish Bethel brig! 

PROVIDENCE BETHEL. 

The Christian Herald contains a full report of 
the labors of Rev. Behjamin Tatlor, in the 



of the Mariner's House, 226 Ann Street, Mr. 
Brodhead. 

Many encouraging statements were made by 
several gentlemen. All seemed to feel the im- 
portance of having a new and larger Home, in 
connection with the Society. In the course of 
his remarks, which were of an eminently useful 
kind, William Sturgis, Esq. alluded to this 
fact. He has had many years' experience among 
seamen, and knows well their wants. Happy is 
it for their cause, that they have such a true 
friend as Mr. Sturgis to plead it for them. 
Long may his valuable life be continued. He ] 
concluded by pledging the sum of one thousand 
dollars toward the erection of the new house. 
This noble proposal was followed by others with 
Jive hundred dollars more. A good beginning. 
We hope to see it promptly responded to by the 
whole mercantile community ; for every merchant 
in Boston is personally interested in creating and 
sustaining such seamen's boarding houses as the 
one so well kept by Mr. Brodhead. 

It was stated, in the report of the Society, that 
the temptations to drunkenness among sea-faring 
men were increasing. This is no doubt a fact. 
But it should be remembered that the marine 
population of the city is much larger than it was 
a few years since. This, however, is no excuse 
for multiplying the means of their ruin. Thous- 
ands of ilieni have signed the total abstinence 
pledge within the past two years — the great ma- 
jority of whom are likely to remain firm against 
all the wiles of the destroyer. Surely this is en- 
couruging. If grogshops are multiplying, let us 
multiply temperance meetings. If sailors are 
tempted to quaff the poisonous dram, let us be so 
much the more active in rallying them around 
the teetotal standard. 

" Up ! to our altars, then, haste we, and summon 

Courage and loveliness, manhood and woman; 

Deep let our pledges be : Temperance forever! 

Truce with the enemy 7 Never! no, never! " 

BRIG " SUPERB," OF SWEDEN. 

We had the pleasure of visiting this vessel re- 
cently, and made the acquaintance of her pious 
commander, Capt. Nissen. During her stay 
here, Bethel meetings were held on board. The 
services were performed in the Swedish language, 
with the Bethel flag flying at the mast-head. 
Considerable numbers of Swedes and citizens of 
Boston were present. Capt. Nibsen delivered 
discourses in his native tongue. The officers 
and crew joined in appropriate psalms and 
hymns. 



appears, from this statement, that his arduous 
toils have not been in vain. The debts and ex- 
penses which threatened to break up the meet- 
ings, one year since, are now all discharged, or 
are placed beyond embarrassment. The most 
pressing claims are all disposed of in such a way 
that improvements may now go forward, and 
proper exertions will fix the interest on a perma- 
nent basis. Friends who have aided the cause 
in Providence will now be well repaid for their 
donations. Mr. Taylor's meetings should be 
well sustained, for they have been productive of 
benefit to many sons of the ocean. He should 
receive a stated salary, for his efforts are un- 
ceasing to do good to seamen. Such a laborer 
is well worthy of his hire. 

To the friends of seamen in Providence who 
read the Sheet Anchor (and we are happy to say 
the number is increasing) we make an appeal for 
Mr. Taylor. Many a wandering sailor will 
bless the good old man. We believe the city of 
Roger Williams will not suffer his benevolent 
spirit to languish for want of a generous support. 

THE REVENUE SERVICE. 

We always take pleasure in referring our 
readers to this branch of the government. The 
people of the United States are not generally 
aware how much benefit is derived from the 
cruises of the Cutters and the Marine Hospitals. 
Hundreds of cases of relief are constantly occur- 
ring, under the judicious arrangements of the 
Treasury Department. 

The Secretary of the Treasury, in his report, 
states that there are in commission 14 schooners, 
varying in size from 60 to 170 tons, at the follow- 
ing places : 

" F.astport, Portland, Boston, Newport, New London, 
New York. Delaware. Baltimore, Norfolk, Charleston, 
Suvannah, Mobile, New Orleans, and "n Lake Kne ; and 
two iron steamers— the ' Legare.' upon Caplaiu Ericc- 
sou's, and the ' Spencer,' upon Lieutenant Hunter's 
plan. The Legare has been ordered to Key West, to 
supply the vacancy occasioned by the transfer of ihe 
schooner Nautilus to tho coast survey, to which service 
that vessel belonged. The commander of the Legare 
has been instructed to cruise constantly upon the coast 
of Florida, between Tampa Bay and Cape Florida — a 
portion of the coast where the services of a steamer may 
be rendered very valuable in guarding the revenue, as 
well as preventing depredations upon government tim- 
ber, and affording relief lo vessels which may be stranded 
upon that dangerous coast. The Spencer will (as soon 
as some alterations in the machinery, deemed necessary 
by Lieutenant Hunier, shall be completed) be stationed 
at New York, and directed to cruise along the coast be- 
tween Montauk point and the Delaware bay." 

The following are extracts from the report: 

" Four other steamers are in course of construction — 
one at Oswego, upon Briccson's; one at Boston, one at 
Pittsburg, and one at Buffalo, upon Lieutenant Hunter's 



plan. The first will be employed upon Lake Ontario, 
the second at Boston, the thud in the waters of the Gulf 
of Mexico, to rendezvous at the mouth of the Mississippi 
river, and the last to replace the Erie upon Lake Eric, 
which small vessel it is contemplated to station in the 
vicinity of Michilimackinac. 

" There are several important stations where the pres- 
ence of revenue vessels is much needed, and it is pro- 
posed to locate such vessels, which b h a 1 1 be replaced by 
the steamers, at Portsmouth, N. H, .New Bedford, and 
Mobile." 

Among these vessels, and in the national hos- 
pitals for seamen, we now send several hundred 
copies of the Sheet Anchor. We have reason 
to know that they are every where well received. 
It is our hope to secure an equal circulation on 
board the Receiving Ships and in the Navy Yards 
of the Union. To accomplish the object, we re- 
spectfully ask the co-operation of gentlemen of 
the service. 

(JJ^Several promised engravings are unavoid- 
ably deferred. We have many more valuable 
articles for the paper on hand. Old correspond- 
ents (especially those in New York, Hopkinton, 
Chatham and the service) are invited to bestir 
themselves. The sailor asks it. 



BURIAL OF THE SAILOR. 

How seldom do we on the land think of the 
sailor's distant death and burial ! A letter re- 
ceived at Nantucket gives a brief but touching 
sketch of the funeral of Mr. Brooks, an account 
of whose murder on board the Ontario is given in 
another column. The writer says: 

"The remains of Mr. B. were put into a boat, and 
conveyed on shore, followed by two other boats from 
the Ontario, and three from the E. L. B. Jenney, with 
their respective crews and officers. An American en- 
sign was spread over the coffin, and the boats proceeded 
three miles up the river, amid the most solemn stillness, 
broken only by the sound of the oars j not a word being 
spoken by the crews. At the landing, eight of the crew 
of the Jenney took the corpse to the burying ground lor 
foreigners, fallowed by the crews of the two ships. A 
prayer was read by Capt. Gibbs, and then poor Brooks 
was lowered into the grave. The writer says. ' we then 
returned to our ships with heavy hearts.' A tombstone 
was erected over the grave of the murdered man, and i 
neat paling put round to protect it from encroachments. 

" In this letter, Mr. Brooks is eulogised in the highest 
terms, as an officer and a man. The writer says, ' He 
was a first rale man, ns good as ever went on board of u 
ship, and we miss him very much.' Such a tribute from 
a subordinate, speaks volumes in praise of the deceased. 
Peace to his spirit." 

Think, reader, of that sailor's lonely tomb, in 
the far-off heathen land. He may have had 
friends in this country, who loved him as fondly 
as any of your friends love you. But who of 
them will visit his lowly resting place, and drop 
a tear to his memory ? Who will plant the rose- 
bush, or some other memorial of affection, at the 
head of his sleeping dust ? We may not, per- 
haps cannot, do it; but this we can do: we can 
take the dying sailor by the hand as a brother — 
we can point him to the Lamb of God, who taketh 
away the sins of the world. 



" HE DIED AT SEA." 

"There are no sadder words in language." 
Yes ; and how often, alas ! are these words 
spoken ! " He died at sea," may be said of scores 
of our own friends. It has been said, with truth, 
of thousands of the seamen of the American ma- 
rine. 

The sailor is constantly dying at sea. In the 
forecastle — surrounded by the roar of the ele- 
ments and the bustle of his ship — his spirit is 
often summoned in a moment to meet his God. 
Oh ! friend of the sailor, now reading the Sheet 



SHEET ANCHOR. 



23 



Anchor — do what you can to lead him to the 
cross. Then, whenever and wherever he is 
called to face death, he may triumphantly sing: 
" Jesus can nuke a dying bed 

Keel soft as downy pillows are ; 
While on his breast I lean my head, 
And breathe my life out sweetly there.'' 



THE I#ttll. 

A place on ship-board for stowing away miscellany. 



NAVAL. 
REGULATION. 
Navy Department, Dec. 16, 1844. 
Assistant Surgeons on board all national ves- 
sels are entitled to mess and have quarters with 
ward-room officers, and to receive the usual cour- 
tesies and ceremonies of such officers. 

J. Y. Mason. 

African So_oadron. — The Macedonian sailed 
from Port Praya, Dec. 2d, for Porlo Grande, from 
thence immediately for the Coast of Africa. 

The Yorktown sailed from Port Praya for Li- 
beria and Leeward Coast of Africa, as far South 
as Berguela. 

The Preble sailed Nov. 29th for Porto Grande. 

The Truxton was cruising in the Bights of 
Benin and Biafra. 

The Secretary of the Navy recently paid a 
visit to the Navy Yard at Norfolk. He visited 
the Pennsylvania, the Jamestown, and the steamer 
Union. 

China. — It is said that Mr. Cushing has a plan 
in view for the establishment of a more direct 
intercourse with China, by lines of steamships, 
via Panama and tho Isthmus of Darien, and the 
government is prepared to facilitate the project. 

A bill has been reported to the House of Re- 
presentatives, appropriating $100,000 for a new 
fire-proof building, for the use of the War and 
Navy Departments. 

The U. S. sloops-of-war Portsmouth, James- 
town and St. Mary's will sail together from Nor- 
folk; the Portsmouth and Jamestown to proceed 
together as far as the Cape de Verds, and the St. 
Mary's as far as her destination will permit. — 
These national vessels having been built upon 
plans of the Naval Constructors, it is important 
that their sailing and other properties should be 
tested by a comparative trial. The Jamestown 
is intended for the flag ship of Com. Skinner, on 
the African coast. 

Praiseworthy. — The officers of the U. S. 
ships Macedonian and Decatur held a meeting at 
Port Praya, on the 7th of November last, and 
adopted resolutions expressive ol their respect 
for the memory of the late Surgeon Louis VVool- 
fley, of the Decatur. They also resolved to en- 
close a spot of ground near the town of Port 
Praya, and there inter the remains of their de- 
ceased fellow-officer. A letter from Commodore 
Perry, of the African Squadron, states that the 
African fever reported on board the U. S. ship 
Preble, was of a mild character, showing none 
of the malignant symptoms usually attending it. 

Destination of the Princeton. The steam I 

frigate Princeton, now under sailing orders, goes 
to England to receive a new big gun in the place 
of the " Peace Maker." The contract for the 
construction of the gun has already been sent 
out. 

Consul General for the Sandwich Islands. — 
It is reported that A. G. Abeel, of Washington, 
who it has been said, was to go as Consul to 
Marseilles, has been appointed Consul General of 
the Sandwich Islands. 



Capt. H. A. Adams, of the U. S. Navy, has re- 
signed his commission, and become a citizen of 
Aladison county, Mississippi, with the view of 
engaging in the occupation of planting. 

American Cruisers on the Coast of Africa. — 
The question is frequently asked why so few 
slavers are taken by our cruisers on the coast of 
Africa, while so many are taken by the British 
cruisers ? The answer is a plain one. By the 
terms of the Ashburton treaty, our vessels are 
prohibited from overhauling any vessels not bear- 
ing the American flag. Hence, Spanish, Eng- 
lish, Brazilian or any other slavers, may take on 
board a cargo with impunity, even under the 
guns of an American ship of war. The fault 
i lies not in the want of vigilance in our officers, 
but in the terms of the law 

The U. S. frigate Columbia, Capt. Geisenger, 
arrived at Norfolk on the 1st ult., from Gibraltar 
to Mahon. The C. left at Mahon, on the 4th of 
Nov., U. S. frigate Cumberland, Commo. Smith; 
sloop-of-war Fairfield, Com. Downing — to sail in 
ten days for Gibraltar and the Atlantic; the lat- 
ter for the United States. 



(L/^ The Bangor Steam Navigation Company 
are building an iron Propeller to put on their line 
as a freight and passenger vessel between Ban- 
gor and Boston. She is building at Wilmington, 
Del., and her dimensions will be as follows : — 
Length, 120 feet; depth of hold, 6£ feet; breadth 
of beam, 23 feet ; burthen about 275 tons. She 
will have three masts, and fore-and-aft sails, two 
engines, andLoper's patent propellers, which lat- 
ter are said be a great improvement upon Eric- 
son's propeller. 

Steamboat Building. — No less than fifty 
steamboats were built at Pittsburg, during the 
year ending December last. Their aggregate 
tonnage would be 12,057 tons. Three more are 
now in course of erection, and a steamboat of 
1000 ions is nearly ready for launching. 

The Whale Fishery.— The New Bedford 
Whalemen's Ship List, publishes their annual 
statement of the Whale Fishery, including the 
imports and exports of Oil and Whalebone, av- 
erage prices, progress of the fishery, &c. &c. — 
The table contains matter of much interest to 
those engaged in the whale fishery. 

Imports of Sperm and Whale Oil, from 1838 
to 1845, inclusive. 

Pnerm. Whale. 

1838, 132,356 226 5.12 

1839, 142,336 299,783 

1840, 157,791 207,908 

1841, 159,301 207,318 

1842, 1G5 637 161,041 

1843, 166.935 206 727 

1844, 139,594 262,047 

The average price of oil during the year IS44, 
has been 90£ a 90J cents per gallon for sperm, 
and 3f>.£ a 36| cents per gallon for whale oil. — 
Average price of bone, 40 cents. 1845, Jan. 1, 
prices: Sperm, 88 cents; whale, 31 a 34; whale- 
bone, 38 a 40 cents. 

The quantity of crude sperm oil in the coun- 
try, out of the hands of manufacturers, on the 1st 
of January, 1845, is estimated at 32,992 bbls. ; 
and the amount of crude whale oil, at 12,950 
barrels. 

The number of vessels employed in the whale 
fishery, on the 1st of January, 1845, was 043 
ships and barks ; 35 brigs ; 17 schooners and 
sloops, in all, 218,055 tons. In 1844, Jan. 1, the 
number engaged were 595 ships and barks ; 41 
brigs; 9 schooners and sloops — tonnage, 200,147. 



The Cod Fishery. — The following is a state- 
ment of the number of vessels and men employ- 
ed, together with the amount of tonnage, the 
number of quintals of fish caught, and the amount 
of bounty paid, in the district of Plymouth, in 
the year 1844. 

Plymouth. — 55 vessels ; 4000 tons ; 4(30 men : 
40,800 quintals ; $15,500 bounty. 

Kingston. — 16 vessels; 1301 tons; 138 men; 
12,800 quintals ; $5000 bounty. 

Duibury. — 11 vessels; 585 tons; 66 men; 
5000 quintals; $2300 bounty. 

Scituale. — 5 vessels ; 320 tons ; 34 men : and 
$1300 bounty. 

Novel Shipment. — The little iron steam yatch 
Ida, forty tons burthen, belonging to John 13. 
Murray, Esq., which was the bearer of so inanv 
pleasure parties about N. Y. bay last summer, has 
been purchased by the government of Yutocan 
for the navigation of the shoal waters of thai 
country, and is shipped on board the bark Louisa. 

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. — We lenrn 
from the Georgetown Advocate, that the Chesa- 
peake and Ohio Canal is still in good navigable 
order at that place, and that the trade is consid- 
erable for this season of the year. 

NOTICE TO MARINERS. 
The Coast Survey. — Hon. Joseph Grinnell gives 
the following interesting information relating to this 
subject : 

"In examining the survey of Buzzard's Bay and the 
harbor of New Bedford, in the office of the U. Stale* 
Survey, lately made under the direction of Professor 
Bache, I perceive that a dangerous rock has been dis- 
covered, situated very nearly in the direct course from 
Clark's Point, to Dumplin Rock. Believing that it would 
be useful to make public the situation of this rock. 1 
have obtained its bearings and distances from the light 
houses on Clark's Point and the Dumplin Rock. They 
are as follows : 
Krom Clark's Point Light House, S. 15°, W. 1-i miles. 
" Dumplin Rock " " IN. 15°, E. 2{ " 

This rock is very small, and has only 5 feet of water on 
it at low tide. 1 have applied for a buoy to be placed 
immediately on this rock, and cannot doubt that it will 
be done. 

" I am happy to inform you that this survey will be 
published in the course of two months, and 1 have no 
doubt it will be of great use to our commerce." 



Whaling. — There has been added to the 
whaling fleet, the past year, 52 vessels. There 
are now nearly seven hundred vessels engaged 
in that branch of marine industry, giving employ- 
ment to between 17 and 18,000 seamen. The 
losses of the past year have not exceed one half 
of one per cent, upon the amount of navigation 
comprised in the fishery. 



DISASTERS AT SEA. 

Mt'RDER on board a Whai.e Ship. — Mr. Worth, 
late first officer of ship Virginia, of New Bedford, arriv- 
ed via Panama, Carthagena and Jamaica, reports the 
ship Ontario, Gibbs, of Nantucket, touched at Tecamas 
in November last for wood and water. A seaman of the 
Oniario, named George Corsa, who had previously been 
confined on board in irons for mutinous conduct, suc- 
ceeded in releasing himself from his irons, while the 
ship's company were on shore, (except Mr. Brooks, one 
of the mates, the cook, steward and Corsa,) procured a 
musket on board, and shot Mr. Brooks dead. He then 
put some muskets and ammunition in a boat and made 
for the shore. On the return of the ship's company, and 
learning the facts from the steward, Corsa was immedi- 
ately pursued, and found on shore a few miles from Te- 
camas concealed in the sand, only a portion of his face 
remaining uncovered. He was arrested, taken tn Teca- 
mas, and delivered on board the U.S. schooner Shark, 
to be sent home for trial. 

Ship Harvest. Coffin, of Nantucket, which sailed from 
that port Oct, 17, for the Pacific, lost all her boats, mizen 
mast, bulwarks on both sides, fore and aft, sails, &c.&c. 
Also, had six men washed overboard and lost. Had been 
supplied with four men from a inan-of-war. 

Another Wreck. — On the morning of the 20th De- 
cember last, the ship Pensylvania, of Bath, Me., and 
from New Orleans bound to Liverpool, with a valuable 
cargo of cotton, tobacco, lard and oil cake, during ;« 
gale, was driven on the reefs near the bay Honda, one 
man washed overboard and dr«wned, the remainder of 
the crew saved. It was thought the cargo would be sav- 
ed in a damaged state. 



British schooner George Thompson. Anderson, from 
Boston, of and for Digby, N. S., struck on Duck Island 
Ledges, (Eastern part of Penobscot Bay.) 7th ult., at 
4, a. m., beat over, filled, and drifted until about 4. p. ni.. 
when she struck on York's Ledge, near Isle au Haut 
A passenger named .Matthew M'Gauken. a young man. 
perished while drifting from one ledee to the other; and 
the owner, Wm Bamett, (who was also a passenger.) 
was lost in attempting to eet on shore when she last 
struck. The remainder [the crew,] were discovered 
just before dark, and saved by Mr. Wilson, of Isle an 
Haut, saving onlv their clothes. The vessel's side w t> 
stove when she first struck, and aftershe struck the sec- 
ond time, she soon went lo pieces. 



24 



SHEET ANCHOR. 




Ship Chauncey in Fields of Ice. 

The renders of the Sheet Anchor will remember the article in our paper for January 4, from that superior nautical book, " Life ON Tn* 
Ocean," by Capt. Little, of Baltimore, and published by Waite, Pierce & Co., Boston. The above engraving represents a graphic scene describ- 
ed. in the volume. We consider it eminently well calculated to do good in the sailor's cause. 







GENERAL AGENT. 
Capt. THOMAS V. SULLIVAN, Boston, Mab 

TRAVELLING AGENTS. 
Rkv.S. BULKY, of Dor<:hestir. 
GEORGE L. COBUKN,New Haven. Conn. 



Let not man put it asunder. 



In this city. Sunday evening, 2Gth inst., at the New 
Bethel Hotel, 3 Lewis Street, by Rev. C. W. Dknisok, 
Mr. Sri tester Brown, io Miss Deborah Sataoe, 
both orMt Desert. Me. 

In Salem, ('apt. Stephen Harraden to Miss Ann 
Rose. 

In Portland, Me , by Rev. Mr. Bourne, Mr. Henry 
V, Humphrey to Miss At: bust* M. Weston. 

In Mount Desert, Me.. Mr. William Lewis, of Ken- 
oebunk, to Miss Eliza Birnham. 




THB LAST VOYAGE. 

3c«an has myriad doad; and millions sink 

In sudden perils on its craving brink. 

Header! what portion jot awalteth thee, 

When God's last trump shall rend the peopled sea ? 



[n this city, on Friday, B4th ujt., Mrs. Janet Abth- 

H vmb, aged 3o years, wife of Bf.vj. Abkvhhis. ('so.. 
Treasurer of the Boston Bethel Union. The sailor and 
his friends have met with a severe Ions in the death of 
this lady. Of her it may in truth he said. " Blessed are 
the dead who die in the Lord.. Yea, saith the Spirit, 
from henceforth; for they rest from their labors, and 
their works do f »llo\v them."' 

In this city, 17th ult., Mrs. Dorcas, wife of Captain 
Sami'K.l NicKf.Ls, aged Gfi years. 

In Providence, R. I.. Il>ih ult . Mr. Jamks Brown, 
late first officer of whip Panther, of P., aged 2-i years. 

At Baltimore, 28th Nov., Cant, Win, Moore, aged 
rtO yc.zrs ; for many years a respectable shipmaster of 
that port, and a native of Maasacbtwett*. 

Lost overboard. 16th ult. from ship Me^unticook, in 
Boston Bay, John Page, seaman, of Bostoi;. 

At Macoa. (China.) Mr. Thomas Wkstbroor Wal- 
kron, nged 30 years, formerly of 1'ortsmouili, N. H. 



Institutions for Seamen in the United States. 

Savings Banks for Seamen. — New York. No. 

71, Wall Street. Open every day (Sundays excepted.) 
between 12 and 2 o'clock. 

Portland. South corner of the Mariner's Church, 
(up stairs.) 

Hon ton, Tremont Street. Open daily, (Sundays ex- 
cepted.) from If) to 2 o'clock. 

New Haven. In the building of the New Haven, Ct. 
Bank. 

Mariners' Churches. — New York. Roosevelt 
Street, Rev*. Henry Chase, 106 Cherry Street. Bnptist 
Bethel, corner of Catharine and Cherry Streets, Rev. 
I. H. Stewart. Rpiscopal Floating Chapel, foot of Pike 
Street, East River, Rev. B. C. C. Parker. Methodist 
ICpiscopal Church, Cherry, near Clinton Street. Wes- 
leyan Ship, foot of Rector Street, North River. 

Portland. Rev (i. \V. Bourne, Exchange Flail. 

Boston. Mariner's Church, Fort Hill, Rev. Daniel M. 
Lord j Bethel Church, North Square, Rev. R. T. Taylor. 
"Boston Bethel Union," Rev. Charles VV. Oenison. 
Commercial Street, corner of Lewis. Elder J. W. 
Hoi man, Union Street. 

Salem. Chapel, Herbert Street, Rev. Mr. Carleton. 

New Bedford. Rev. M. Howe. 

Providence, R. I. Rev. Benjamin Taylor, South 
Main Street. 

Newark, N. ./. Rev, Frederick Pilch. 

Philadelphia. Water Street, near Walnut St. Rev. 
O. Douglass. Shippen, cor. Swanson ; Rev. J. S. Taylor. 

Seamen's Bethel Union, Fast side of Front Street, be- 
tween Spruce and Pine; Rev. Thus. Porter. Missionary. 

Baltimore. Fell's Point, Allisanna St., Rev. H. Best. 

Buffalo. Rev. V. I). Taylor. 

('Icvtland. Rev. William Day. 

Pittsburgh. Rev. Hugh Kelley. 

Oswego. Rev. F. Pierre. 

Rockelts, Va. Rev. A. Rlebane. 

ChurU'xton. Church Street, near Water Street, Rev. 
W. B. Vatos. 

Swannah. Penneld Mariner's Ch., Rev. G. White, 

Alexandria, D. C. The resident Clergy. 



GOOD SAILOR BOARDIM-IIOl'SES. 

Boston. The Sailor's Home, established by llir Bos- 
ton Seamen's friend Society, kept by Daniel Tracy. 99 
Purchase Street. Tho Mariner's House, under the pa- 
tronage of the Seamen's Aid Society, kept by William 
Brodhead. 2"2<> Ann Street. J. Savage, |fj Washington 
Place. Neptune House, by R. B. Norton, 263 Ann St. 
John Brown, corner of Fleet and Ann Streets. 



Temperance Boarding House for Officers of Vessels, 
kept by J. Quin, Jr.. No. 18 North Bennett Street. 

Martin Barnes, Jr., Ann Street, comer ol Langdon 
Place. 

Temperance Cellar, kept by Luther Hosmer, No. 
.51 North Market Street. 

D, vi d Ch a rriv , 77. 1 Commercial Street. 

Mrs Street, 2C9 Ann Street. 

Bethel Hotel, (late Alhamura.) Rogers & Doa.ie, 
No. 3 Lewis Street. 

J. R. Taylor. 40 Southac St., for colored seamen. 

Salem. F.benezer Griffin, near South Bridge; Mis. 
Greenleaf. Becket Street, near Detby Street. 

Portland, Me. — Seamen's Mansion, by H. A. Curtis, 
Fore Street, near the Custom House. 

Bath. Me. Joshua H. Phipps, Seamen's Mansion. 

New York. Sailor's Home, by the American Sea- 
men's friend Society. iNo. I n 0. Cherry Street, between 
Market and Pike Streets. 

Capt. Roland Gelston. No. ,TJ0, Pearl Street. 

Other Boardinc-Houscs in New York City. John 
Mcl.ellan.lfll Cherry Street ; Thomas Jenkins, (coloi- 
ed.) 59 Ann St. 

Home for Colored Sea men, under the direct ion of the 
American Seamen's Friend Society. Kept by W. P. 
Powell, HI Cherry Street. 

Providence. K. I. Seamen's Temperance Home. 93 
South Water Street. 

Charleston, t'aot. Hamilton, 23 Queen Street. 

PorUmonth. N. H. Charles P.. Myers, corner Mar- 
ket and Bow Streets. Spring Hill. 

Philadelphia. Sailor's Home, (Fastbnrn House, I 
10, Lombard Street, near Front Street Sam'l Room, 
under the care of the female Seamen's friend Societv. 

Sailor's Home. N. W. corner of Union and Front 
Sts., bv VVm. Hammond, under thecareof the^eamen'i 
Friend Society. 

Sailor's Home, No. 17, Main Street, 



Buffalo, K. V 
Capi. Halcolin. 

JVet» Haven. 
Cherrv Streets, 

Baltimore. Captain Wm. Robertson, No. 39 Thames 
Street, Fell's I'oint. 



William J. Smith, corner of Union and 



American Seamen's Friend Society. 

Communications relating to the general concerns of 
the American Seamen's Friend Society, should be di- 
rected to Capt. F.owarp. Richardson, President and 
General Agent, or to Rev. John Spauldikg, Financial 
Secretary. No. 71 . Wall Street 

Donations in aid of the funds, may be sent to Cu*>, 
N Tw.bot, Treasurer. No. fili. South Street, or to the 
office of the Society, No. 71, Wall Street, New York. 



Sailor's Magazine. — The Sailor's Magazine is 
published bv the American Seamen's Fricttd Societv, 
at their office, No. 71, Wall Street, New York, and ii 
devoted to the improvement of the social and moral 
condition of seamen. It is issued monthly j contain* 
thirty -two pages 8vo. Price g\ 50, a year, in advance. 



g> ffa <?V>U6 




JONATHAN HOWE, PUBLISHER. ::::::::::::::::::::::: REV. CHARGES W. DENISON, EDITOR. 



Vol. 3. 



BOSTON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1845. 



No. 4. 



0I)cct Stncljor. 

OFFICE 39 MERCHANTS ROW. 
JNot sectarian, dcvotoj exclmivtly to the cause of 

SEAMEN to VIKtUf to TEMPERANCE 

to HUMANITY til INTELLIGENCE. 

Published the first and third Saturdays of esrery month. 
TERMS. 

ONE DOLLAR A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

Any person who will obtain fivesubscriliers, and remit 
the money, shall receive the sivth copy gratis, and in 
the same proportion for larger numbers. 

£5* All business letters must be directed to the Pub- 
lisher, JONATHAN HOWE, 33 Merchants Row. 

HB STOHI 

" Wonders of ihe deep." 



MYSTERIES OF THE OCEAN. 

A YARN. 

We were somewhere off Cape d'Aguilas, 
on our homeward voyage from the Mauritius, 
fiohting hard against a head wind, which, 
though not quite a gale, was sufficiently pro- 
voking. There was a short, cross sea, too, 
and not the mile-long rolling swell you usually 
meet with in that quarter of the world, for the 
wind had suddenly changed. It was bitterly 
cold, and there was no lack of rain, nor of 
sleet either ; and as you walked the deck, 
you would occasionally, among the soft, cold, 
squashy slipperiness, feel a big hailstone 
cronch under your shoe by way of variety. 

Every thing was dirk and cold, though it 
had ceased to rain, and the quarter-deck and 
gangways had been swept. The sky seemed 
one mass of sooty black clouds, and you 
could not tell, from any indication of your 
eyes, whether it was vaulted, or as flat as the 
ceiling of your room — all was blackness, 
shaoilessness, and obscurity. The sea had 
a sort of dull, grayish appearance, from the 
mixt'ire over its surface of white foam and 
pitchy water; there was nothing bright or 
phosphorescent about it ; it was <x>ld, dreary, 
and dispiriting, and the heavily-laden little 
brig plunged, and seemed to shake her shoul- 
ders, and plunge again, as if she had no par- 
ticular relish for it herself; while at every 
shrug a shower of spray was blown aft, falling 
in big splashy drops upon the deck. As I 
was thus appreciating the full coniibrtlessness 
of the scene, the same boy addressed me, 
telling me the captain was forward on the 
weather-side of the forecastle. I immediately 
ibegan to clapper-claw my way forward, hold- 
ing on now by one thing, now by another, 



for she pitched so violently, that I was mo- 
mentarily expecting to be washed clean over- 
board. At length I brought up alongside the 
skipper, who standing o.i a hen-coop, and 
holding on by the weather-shrouds, was peer- 
ing anxiously out to windward. 

"Do you hear that? — did you hear any 
thing'!" said he, suddenly turning to me. 

" Nothing,"' said 1 ; " but the moaning of 
the wind in the rigging, and the pile-driving 
thumps of her bows." 

" Ah ! — hush — not a word— listen — there 
it is again." 

" Where?" said I. 

" Right out in the direction of my hand 
there — don't you hear that?" 

" I hear a voice ! — there again !" Here 
there was a lull, and we all distinctly heard it. , 
It was along, mournful cry, and had in its sound 
somethii g inexpressibly Lwrj >wiirg. It seem- 
ed the voice of a strong man, exhausted in 
mind and body, weakened to a womanish 
state of feeling by hunger, exposure, misery, 
and despair ; calling for help without hope 
to find it. It was actually musical, and had 
in its prolonged, melancholy cadence, some- 
thing so acutely touching, as to make me 
experience a feeling precisely similar to that 
I used to have in my childhood, just when at 
the point of falling away into a fit of crying. 
We all stood entranced and motionless, listen- 
ing till its dying fall was lost in the rush of 
the wind and the dash of the waves. 

Again the wind lulled, and again the long 
mournful hillo — o — o, swelled and sank upon 
our ears. 

" It is broad abeam of us now, sir," said 
the mate. 

" Yes," said the master, " it must be 
drifting down with the current. Can any of 
you see any thing?" But no one answered. 
" Here, you Tom Bradley, jump aft in the 
gangway, and answer their hail, whoever 
they are." 

The young man, who had a remarkably 
loud and clear voice, went aft, mounted into 
the weather-main rigging, and immediately 
a trumpet-like "hilio-hoy" rang over the 
water. A minute, and it was answered bv 
the same mournful call ; but this time I could 
swear it was articulate — there were distinct 
words, though I could not make them out — 
moreover, the voice seemed more distant, 
and was well upon the quarter. . The master 
and mate were of the same opinion. 

" Keep a bright look out for'ard there," 
sung out the master. 

" Ay, ay, sir," answered the man, not in 
the usual drawling way, but quickly and 
shajply, as if anxiously on the alert. 



similar reply. — 



" Gangways L" Another 
" Hail again, Mr. A ." 

The mate hallooed again. There was no 
sound in answer. At that moment the moon 
shone out bright and clear. The edges of 
the vast rolling clouds became, as it were, 
siherized, and a broad flow of light fell upon 
thu sea around us, rendering every thing 
within the eye's range clear and distinct. 

" Do you see any thing, men — any boat or 
raft, or any thing in the water?" 

But the light was so bright and sudden, 
Jhat it was nearly a minute, during which 
each man had searched with his eyes all the 
space within the horizon, before they answer- 
ed, in a tone of disappointment and super- 
stitious dread " Nothing sir — nothing sir," 
said oiie after