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Full text of "The Shield; a magazine pub. quarterly by and in the interests of the Theta delta chi fraternity"

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THE SHIELD 

A MAGAZINE PUBLISHED QUAR- 
TERLY BY AND IN THE INTERESTS 
OF THE THETA DELTA CHI FRA- 
TERNITY AT ITHACA, NEW YORK 
FOUNDED 1869 REVIVED 1884 



A>i r f ^\ ~' -■ 1 ■■Ts-^ M "r. o '' 



e^x 



For while the eternal stars night's purple robe 
Be^em ; while swings in space the pendent ^lobe 
Friendship must live ! Ah may its impulse hi^h 
Still ^uide and ^uard the Theta Delta Chi. 

VOLUME XXI NUMBER 3 



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,rK( ^S 




FRATERNITY ORGANIZATION 



GRAND LODG E— i 905-1906 

PRESIDENT 

REV. LAWRENCE T. COLE, 139 W. 91 Street, New York City. 

SECRETARY 

MERWYN H. NELLIS, 6) z? A' House, Clinton, N. Y. 

TREASURER 

HUGH E. LEACH, i328-6th Street, S, E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

APPOINTMENTS BY GRAND LODGE 



CUSTODIAN OF AKCHIVES 

FREDERIC CARTER 

1424 Broadway, 
New York City. 



EDITOR OF THE SHIELD 

' J. BOYCE SMITH, Jr. 
100 Broadway, 
New York City. 



BUSINESS MANAGER OF THE SHIELD 

H. K. McCann, 47 Elm Street, Elizabeth, N. J. 

assistant business manager 

Harry L. Palmer 



TT "SrSi 3B O X^ -A. R. G ]& ^ 

I ■ iBMiiiiiiii 1111 iMiiii lMii^ — rr^ 



BETA— Cornell University— 1870 
Chester L*. Roadhouse, ^ ^ X House, Ithaca, N. Y., Charge Editor. 
Horace I/. Dawson, (-) A ^V House, Ithaca, N. Y., Cor. Sec'y. 

GAMMA nEUTERON-Ualversityof MIcliigan— 1889 
J. C. Scully, SAX House, Ann Arbor, Mich., Charge Editor. 
A. M. Graver, 6>^XHouse, Ann Arbor, Mich., Corresponding Sec'y. 

DELTA DEUTEIiON-University of California-1900 

D. W. Bryant, SAX House, Berkeley, Cal. , Charge Editor. 
Frank H. Buck, Jr., S A X House, Berkeley, Cal., Cor. Sec'y. 

EPSILON-College of William and Mary-1853 
Francis O'Keeffe, Jr., Box 48, Williamsburg, Va., Charge Editor. 
John AbbiTT, A X House Williamsburg, Va. , Corresponding Sec'y. 
ZETA— Brown University— 1853 

A. H. Lake, 616 Public Street, Providence, R. I., Charge Editor. 
R. W. D. Jones, 51 University Hall, Providence, R. I., Cor. Sec'y. 

ZETA DEUTERON -McQill University— 1901 

W. G. Peterson, 889 Sherbrooke Street, Montreal, Canada, Charge Editor 
Wm. J. Baldwin, 704 Sherbrooke Street, Montreal, Canada, Cor. Sec'y. 

ETA— Bowdoin College— 1854 
T. C. Simpson, Jr., Brunswick, Me., Charge Editor. 
A. H. Bodkin, Jr., Brunswick, Me., Cor. Sec'y. 

ETA DEUTERON— Leland Stanford Jr. University— 1903 

W. A. Crossman, Stanford University, Cal., Charge Editor. 

R. H. Gaither, Stanford University, Cal., Corresponding Secretary. 

IOTA— Harvard University— 1856 

Thomas Almy, 54 Dunster St., Cambridge, Mass., Charge Editor. 
Joseph Mattison, 54 Dunster St., Cambridge, Mass., Correspond' g Sec'y. 

IOTA DEUTERON— Williams College— 1891 
R. Carleton Hodgkinson, sax House, Williamstown, Mass., Charge 

Editor. 
A. F. Buchanan, S A X House, Williamstown, Mass., Cor. Sec'y. 

KAPPA-Tufts College— 1856 

H. J. Savage, S A X House, Tufts College, Mass., Charge Editor. 
H. J. Savage, SAX House, Tufts College, Mass., Cor. Sec'y. 



LAMBDA— Boston University— 1877 

John L, Todbury, 12 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass., Charge Editor. 
K. G. Baker, 41 Dorr Street, Roxbury, Mass., Corresponding Sec' y. 

MU DEUTERON— Amherst College 1885 
Harold S. Brown, @ A X. House, Amherst, Mass., Charge Editor. 

D. H. Nbwei,!., '9 A X House, Amherst, Mass., Corresponding Sec'y. 

NU DEUTERON— Lehigh University— 1884. 
R. F. McElfresh, 237 Broad Street, Bethlehem, Pa., Charge Editor. 
Joseph H. GAtWHER, 237 Broad Street, Bethlehem, Pa., Cor. Sec'y. 

XI— Hobart College— 1857 
S. G. Spoor, Hobart College, Geneva, N. Y., Charge Editor. 
C. H. McCray, Hobart College, Geneva, N. Y. , Corresponding Sec'y. 

OMICRON DEUTERON— Dartmouth College— 1869 
C. Henry Hathaway, Hanover, N. H., Charge Editor. 
1,. A. Sprague, Hanover, N. H., Corresponding Sec'y. 

PI DEUTERON— College of the City of New York— 1881 
Geo. Gale Dixon, N. Y. City, Charge Editor. 

F. J. Coleman, 850 Lexington Ave., N. Y. City, Corresponding Sec'y. 
RHO DEUTERON— Columbia University— 1883 

E. B. Sigerson, A.YHouse 431 W. 117 Street, N. Y. City, Charge Editor. 
George H. Reaney, 431 W. 117 Street, N. Y. City, Corresponding Sec'y. 

SIGMA DEUTERON— University of Wisconsin-1895 
James B. Robertson, 703 State Street, Madison, Wis., Charge Editor. 
V. H. Kadish, 703 State Street, Madison, Wis., Corresponding Sec'y. 
TAU DEUTERON— University of Minnesota— 1892 

Geo. H. Tyler, 1328 6th street, S. E., Minneapolis, Minn., Charge Editor. 

E. W. Huntley, 100 Beacon Street, S. E., Minneapolis, Minn., Cor. Sec'y. 

PHI— Lafayette College— 1867 
W. F. Evans, Easton, Pa., Charge Editor. 
James R. Darcie, 73 Knox Hall, Easton, Pa., Cor. Sec'y. 
CHI— University of Rochester— 1867 

F. Raymond Lewis, S A X House, 96 Park Ave., Rochester, N. Y., Charge 

Editor. 
C. A. Simpson, fc> A X House, 96 Park Ave., Rochester, N.Y., Corresponding 
Secretary. 

CHI DEUTERON— George Washington University- 1896 

Chas. N.Gregory, AXHouse, 1203 New Hamp. Ave., N.W., Wash., D.C., 

Charge Editor. 
Dblos H. Smith, 1203 New Hampshire Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C, 

Corresponding Secretary. 

PSl— Hamilton College— 1868 
S. T. Kinney, A X House, Clinton, N. Y., Charge Editor. 
S. T. Kinney, & A X House, Clinton, N. Y., Corresponding Sec'y. 



GRADUATE ORGANIZATION 



SHIELD SURPLUS TRUSTEES 

Frank N. Dodd, Rho Deuteron, 1891. Chairman. 
Carl A. Harstrom, Xi, '86. 
Carl Tombo, Pi Deuteron, '97. 

ASSOCIATION OF THETA DELTA CHI 

President: Carl A. Harstrom. Xi. 

ist Vice-President : Wm. B. Wright, Jr., Pi Deuteron. 

2nd Vice-President: Clifford Wilmurt, Pi Deuteron. 

Treasurer: Frederic Carter, Epsilon Deuteron. 

Secretary : Frank N. Dodd, Rho Deuteron, '91, 150 West 40th St., N. Y. City. 

Grand Lodge Curator: H. A. Bullock, Mu Deuteron. 

Secretaries are requested to examine the lists of officers in each issue, 
and kindly report to the editor any corrections thai may be necessary. 

LOCAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONS 

NEW ENGLAND ASSOCIATION-5884 

Amherst, Bowdoin, Brown, Boston University, Dartmouth, Harvard, Tufts, 

Williams. 
President: Frederick W. Fosdick, Mu D., '98, 28 State Street, Boston. 
Vice-Presidents : Hon. Levi Turner, Eta, '86; Hon. Augustus Miller, Zeta, 

'71 ; Harry P. Brown, Iota, '01 ; Chas. M. Davenport, Iota D., '01 ; Rev. 

F. W. Hamilton, Kappa, '80; Prof. C. J. Bullock, Lambda, '88; Dr. 

Paul C. Phillips, Mu D., '88 ; Frank W. Wentworth, Omicron D., '03. 
Secretary : Frank W. Kimball, 47 Kilby Street, Boston, Mass. 
Directors : Brothers Shires, Zeta ; Soule, Eta ; Fernald, Iota ; Bassett, Iota 

D. ; Dole, Kappa ; James, Lambda ; Crawford, Mu D.; Burnie, Omricon D, 
NEW YORK GRADUATE ASSOCIATION-1856 
President : Hon. Willis S. Paine, LL. D. 
Vice-Presidents : Hon. Samuel D. Morris, James Cruikshank, LL. D., 

Franklin Burdge, Charles M Donald, Colonel Rodney Smith, U. S. A. 

Charles R. Miller. 
Historian : Colonel William L. Stone. 
Secretary: H. D. Brookins, 38 Park Row, New York. 
SOUTHERN GRADUATE ASSOCIATION-1887 
President: Rev. J. Mcbride Sterrett, D. D., Springland, D. C. 
Vice-President : E. M. Wilson, Central High School, Washington, D. C. 
Secretary and Treasurer: Harry T. Domer, 916 F. Street, N. W,, 

Washington, D. C. 

CENTRAL GRADUATE ASSOCIATION-1890 
President: Dr. H. F. Lewis, ist Vice-President : Guy C. Pierce. 
2nd Vice-President : Dr. Pleasant Hunter. 

Secretary: F. W. Thurneau, 549 Marquette Building, Chicago. 
Treasurer : G. H. Jones. 
Executive Committee: O. T. Eastman, W. F. Tobey, Stephen Gardner. 



BUFFALO GRADUATE ASSOCIATION— 1891 

President : John O. Chace, Xi, '88. 
Vice-President : Heary F. RusseU, Nu Deut., '96. 

Secretary and Treasurer : V.^^-&\xmo-Q.'lQ,x\&\.\i.,]x.,'^\., '01, 550 EUicott 

Square, Buffalo, N.' Y. 
Executive Committee : Dr. \Vm. H. Chace, Xi., '84, John D. Larkin, Jr., 

Phi, '99, Wm. B. Hoyt, Beta '81. 

NEW YORK GRADUATE CLUB— 1896 
1424 Broadway 
President : Frank N. Dodd. 
Vice-Presidents: Willis S. Paine, James Hess, Clifford Wilmurt, Dahiel S. 

Dougherty, Edward Stetson Griffing. 
Secretary : Joseph R I,ynes, 2040 Seventh Ave., New York City. 
Treasurer: C. Le Clair Howe. 
Chairman House Committee : Harry A. Bullock. 

ROCHESTER GRADUATE ASSOCIATlON-1902 
President: David G. Meyer. 

Vice-Presidents : Willis S. Paine, Adelbert P. Little. 
Treasurer : Joseph R. Webster. 
Secretary : Charles P. Schtnid, Jr. 1424 Broadway, New York City. 

PACIFIC ASSOCIATION— 1897 

President : Shirley C. Walker. 

Vice-President : Emory C. Brace. 

Secretary : McCullough Graydon, Berkley, Cal. 

Treasurer : Albert F. Kindt. 

Directors: Hon. Geo. W. Haight, Earl D. Pillsbury and the officers. 
RHODE LSLAND ALUMNI ASSOCIATION— 1898 

Presidettt: William D. Martin, '62. 
Vice-President : George Briggs, '73. 
Secretary: E. S. Roberts, '96. 
Treasurer : E. C. Stiness, '90. 

Executive Committee : The above officers, and M. W. Kern, R. S.Emerson, 
R. K. Lvons. 

HAVERHILL THETA DELTA CHI ASSOCIATION— 1900 

President: Dr. W. D. McFee, Haverhill, Mass. 
Vice-President: J. C. O'Conner, Haverhill, Mass. 
Secretary and Treasurer : Harlan Cate. Haverhill, Mass. 
Executive Committee : S. M. Chase, Harley Russ. 

THE FRANK J. KLINE ASSOCIATION! Norttiwt;sterii)-190« 
President : William I. Gray. 
Vice-President : C. T. Moffet. 
Secretary : Winfield W. Bardwell, Loan and Trust Building, Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
Treasurer : Soren P. Rees. 

WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA ASSOClATION-1903 
President : James R. Mellon. 
Vice-President : H. A. Flint. 
Treasurer : John F. Tim. 
Secretary: Chauncey Lobingier, 11 24 Park Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA GRADUATE ASSOCIATION— 1903 
President: N. W. Myrick, Zeta, '00. 
Vice-President : Hon. James Mc Lachlan, Psi. '78. 
Treasurer: J. E. Mc Intyre, Epsilon Deuteron, '99. 
Secretary: H. C. Brown, Eta Deuteron, '04, Passadena, Cal. 



OHIO ORADUATB ASSOCIATION 

President: J. Kilbourne Jones, Theta, '58, Colurnbus, O. 
Pice - President : James Lawrence, Theta, '71. Cleveland, O. 
Secretary-Treasurer : W. E. Grant, Theta, '86, Mt. Vernon, O. 
CENTRAL NEW YORK GRADUATE ASSOCIATION 

President: Rev. W. W. Davvley, D. D., Psi, '75. 
Vice-President : Robert C. Scott, Xi, '70. 

Secretary : Prof. P. O. Place, Omicron Deuteron, '93, Syracuse University. 
Treasurer : Merwin W. Lav, Chi, '99. 
Executive Committee: Judge Frederick W. Thompson, Beta, '87, B. W. 

Sherwood, M.D., Psi, '82, G. H. Beebe, Delta, '96, Rev. W. L. Dawtelle, 

Iota Deuteron, '94, A. M. Edwards, Eta, 'So. 

CHARGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONS 

The Charges are requested kindly to report to the editor, the date oj 
formation and the officers of any alumni associations 7ww in existence which 
do not appear below, or ivhich may be organized in the future. 
BETA GRADUATE ASSOCIATlON-1890 
Kindly submit list of oj/lceis. 
KAPPA GRADUATE ASSOCIATION -1892 

President : 

Vice-President : F. W. Hamilton, '80. 
Treasurer : Josiah Butler, "01. 

Clerk: I. R. Kent. 201 Columbus Ave., Boston, Mass. 

Executive Committee : Sumner Robinson, '88; Stillman Shaw, '93; C. N. 
Barney, '95 and the officers. 

LAMBDA GRADUATE ASSOClATION-1899 
President : W. F. Rogers, 324 Worthington Street, Boston, Mass. 
Vice-President : James Davies. 

Recording Secretary : F. S. Baldwin, 17 Pinckney Street, Boston, Mass. 
Corresponding Secretary : F. W Kimball, 47 Kilby Street, Boston, Mass. 
Treasurer: C. B. Tewksbury, 14 Landseer Street, West Roxbury, Mass. 
XI GRADUATE ASSOCIATION-1899 

President : William G. Raines. 

Vice-President : Edward J. Cook, Geneva, N. Y. 

Secretary-Treasurer : F. B. Griffith, Jr., 550 Ellicott Square, Buffalo, N. Y. 

GAMMA DEUTERON ASSOCIATION— 1900 

President: Wolcott IL Butler. 

Treasurer: Richard M. Heames. 

Secretary : B. H. Montgomery, 910 Cornwell Place, Ann Arbor, Mich, 

Board of Directors : George Rebec, Frank Brisco and the officers. 

IOTA DEUTERON HOUSE FUND TRUSTEES-1901 
Frederic C. Ferry, '90. 

John P. Huntington, '90, Norwich, Conn., (Treas.) 
Edmonds Putney. 
Russell C. Gibbs. 
Harry T. Watson. 

MU DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION-1901 

President: Arthur J. Hopkins, '85, Amherst, Mass. 
Vice-President : Warren J. Burke, '02, Worcester, Mass. 
Treasurer: H. W. Kidder, '97, Amherst, Mass. 
Secretary: Harry A. Bullock, '99, New York City. 

CHI DEUTERON GRADUATE ASSOCIATION- 1901 
President: Stanton C. Peelle, Kellogg Building, Washington, D. C. 
Vice President: G. W. Kellv, 2702-i3th Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 
Secretary-Treasurer: H. T. Domer, 916 F Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 



ETA CHAPTER HOUSE CORPORATION— I90I 

President : Philip Dana. 
Vice-Preside7ii : Llewellyn Barton. 
Treasurer : Wilmot B. Mitchell. 
Cleri : Levi Turner. 

Directors : L. Barton, W. B. Mitchell, P. J. C. Little, Philip Dana, L. D. 
H. Weld. 

ROCHESTER QSAOUATE ASSOCiATlON— i902 

President : David G. Meyer, 

Vice-President: Willis S. Paine, Adalbert P. Little. 

Treasurer : Joseph R. Wel)ster. 

Secretary : Charles P. Schiiiid, Jr., 1424 Broadway, New York City. 

ZETA DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCI.ATION-1902 

President: J. W. Duncan. 

Secretary : C. E. Fortin, 64 Durocher Street, Montreal, Canada. 

Treasurer : H. B. Munro. 

RHO DEUTERON ALUMN! ASSOCIATION— 1902 

President: George Ehret, Jr. 
Vice-President : Charles E. Morrison. 

Secretary : L. Liudenmeyr, 1,359 W. 121 Street, New York City. 
Treasurer : J. Boyce Smith, Jr. 

IOTA ALUMNI ASS9CIATI0N-I902 

Secretary-Treasurer : Sidney R. Wrightington, '97, 31 State Street, Boston. 

SiOMA DEUTERON ALUMN! ASSOCIATION— 1903 

President : I. P. Witter, '96, Grand Rapids, Mich. 
Vice-President : J. F. Wilson, '96, Appleton, Wis. 
Treasurer : J. A. Pratt, '94, Menominee F'alls, Wis. 
General-Secretary : George A. Scott, '02, Chicago, 111. 

DELTA DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION— 1903 

President : David M. Barnwell. 
Treasurer : Vere W. Hunter. 

General-Secretary : St. John E. McCormick, 539 Mission Street, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

ETA DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION-1904 

President: W. G. Schulte, '03. 

Vice-President : L. C. Hawle}', '03. 

Secretary-Treasurer : F. F. Gundruni, 'o},, Riverside, Cal. 

EPSILON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION— 1904 

President: H. Jackson Davis, '02. 

Vice-President : W. Arthur Maddox, '04. 

Secretary-Treasurer : Arthur D. Wright, '04, P. O. Box 15, Richmond, Va. 

PHI ALUMNI ASSOCIATION— 1904 

President : John Markle, '80. 
Vice-President : Wm. A. Jones, Jr., '02. 
Secretary: Charles Albertson, '93, Bangor, Pa. 
Treasurer : James G. Stradling, '00, 230 Gattell Street, Easton, Pa. 

PI DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION-1904 
President : Harry A. Fisher, '99. 
Secretary-Treasurer : H. Miles Holton, '99, 6 W. 132 St., N. Y. City. 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

John Hay ; A Memorial History, Harry T. Domer 275 

A Mkmoriai. of John Hay, William L. Stone 317 

Tribute of the Nations, compiled by Harry T. Domer 333 

The Dispassionate Press 350 

John Henry Ai^tschu, Harry T. Domer 360 

Just Gossip 

Mu Deuteron Anniversary, Paul C. Phillips 364 

Uta Effervescence 365 

Masterpieces of Old Fate 367 

The Hay Lyric Genius 368 

The "36" Club Dinner 371 

Resolutions of New York Graduate Association 372 

Graduate Club Report 373 

In Memoriam 376 

Editoriai. 378 

Our Graduates 386 

Marriages 396 

Necrology 397 

Exchange Gi.eanings 406 

News of the Greeks _. 411 



THE SHIELD 



The Shield is published quarterly — in March, June, Sep- 
tember, and December — by the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity. 

The subscription price is one dollar a year. Single 
copies, THIRTY CENTS. Add ten cents for collection on personal 
checks. Subscriptions may begin with any number. 

Address all communications respecting subscriptions, adver- 
tising rates, etc., to 

H. K. McCann, Business Manager, 

47 Elm Street, 

Elizabeth, N. J. 



Entered at the post-office at Ithaca, N. Y., as second-class matter. 




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Portrait by Holliager 




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Vol. XXI SEPTEMBER, 1905 



No. 3 



JOHN HAY 

A MEMORIAL HISTORY* 

BY HARRY TENNYSON DOMER 

"Howl, fir-tree, for the cedar is fallen." 

— Zechariah XI, 2. 

"When the smaller growths of the forest topple, there is but 
little excitement in the wood. The stork does not so much as 
flutter a wing, nor does the hart lift its mouth dripping from the 
water-brooks. But when a cedar that has been standing for 
ages, the glory of the forest, touched with decay, or under the 
swoop of the hurricane, begins to weigh its anchorage of root, 
and falls, the crash startles the eagle from its aerie, and sends the 
stag in wild plunge from the rock, and shakes the very founda- 
tion of the mountains. 

"A few hours ago a black and swarthy axeman went into 
the forests of men. He had hewn down many a tall and gigantic 
growth ; he has been swinging his axe for six thousand years, 
and he knows how to cut. He aimed the sharp and fatal edge at 
one whom we all knew — stroke after stroke, stroke after stroke, 
until the cedar which had stood the blasts of trouble and trial, 
and abuse and toil, drops into the dust, two hemispheres re- 
sounding with the fall. 'Howl, fir-tree, for the cedar is fallen ! " ' 



Copywright, 1905, by Harry T. Domer. 



276 THE SHIELD 

Thus spoke Talmage of Greeley. During the thirty odd 
years since that time the swarthy axeman has not forgotten his 
art ; his arm has lost none of its cunning, nor his axe its keen 
edge. Day after day the lesser growths of the forest fall on all 
sides of us, attracting hardly more than passing comment. But 
ever and anon the axeman rolls up his sleeve for a sturdier 
stroke, and, to our horror and dismay, the kings of the forest 
come crashing down, shaking the foundations of the mountains. 

McKinley and Hobart, Reed, Hanna and Hoar, Piatt, Payne, 
Quay and Lamont have passed away ; and recently, also, a splen- 
did oak with the shield of Theta Delta Chi blazed upon its 
breast, Elmer H. Capen, President of Tufts. 

And now John Hay is dead. His fall resounds through 
two hemispheres, startling the nations ; and with the voice of 
Zechariah we call out to the forests, "Howl, fir-tree, for the cedar 
is fallen !" 

For over a year past John Hay had not been in the best of 
health. Overwork, together with a constitutional trouble, had 
undermined his strength. By the orders of his physicians he re- 
mained at the State Department only in the morning, returning 
home about two o'clock for luncheon, and spending the afternoon 
either quietly in his study or out in the open air walking or 
driving. As much as possible he avoided all social engagements, 
except certain functions of state where his presence was abso- 
lutely necessary. But in spite of this extreme care his condition 
grew steadily worse until his physician finally commanded an 
absolute rest from all cares of state and advised an extended sea 
voyage. Accordingly, after the inauguration ceremonies of last 
March were over, Secretary Hay made his arrangements for a 
long trip abroad. He left Washington on the 17th of the same 
month and sailed from New York on the "Cretic" the next day. 

The country knew him to be in ill health, but not until his 
collapse in boarding the boat did it realize the gravity of his con- 
dition. While walking out on the pier he was suddenly seized 
with an attack of weakness and would have fallen had not friends 
caught him and led him to a truck near by. He insisted, how- 
ever, on undertaking the voyage. He was assisted up the steps 
to the deck, though with the greatest difficulty, and was com- 



JOHN HA Y 277 

pletely exhausted when he reached the top. Medical officers at- 
tended him aboard ship and he rallied considerably before the 
vessel sailed. Later reports showed his condition to be much 
improved. The greater part of his time abroad was spent at 
Bad Nauheim where he took the baths and underwent special 
treatment for his ailment. When he left there the doctors con- 
sidered him practically a well man. 

Secretary Hay then continued his journey through Europe 
but refused to permit any official demonstration in his honor. 
Much melancholy interest centers about this last pilgrimage. It 
seems to complete the cycle of his diplomatic career as he now, in 
the plentitude of his powers and of his fame, revisits the old 
scenes where, forty years before, he had taken his first lessons in 
the art of which he was to become a master. 

Secretary Hay returned to the United States in June, having 
been absent about three months. His health was much better 
and he hoped soon to be able to resume his duties at the State 
Department ; but he was urged to use the utmost caution and to 
spend the summer in rest and quiet. Before going North, how- 
ever, he ran down to Washington for a few days to look after 
business of an official nature which required his attention. He 
had several interviews with the President on important pending 
questions, and waded through the great mass of correspondence 
which had accumulated during his absence. In all he spent 
about a week at the Department. 

On Thursday, June 22d, Secretary Hay held what was des- 
tined to be his last diplomatic reception. He was greatly 
touched by the tribute paid him that day. Fifteen ambassadors, 
ministers and charges called, and from the time the Secretary en- 
tered the reception room to receive his first caller, the British 
Ambassador, he was kept busy until lunch time receiving the 
congratulations, many of them presented officially as well as per- 
sonally, upon his return and supposed recovery. 

"I have not had such a reception since the early winter," 
he remarked as he returned to his private office, ' 'and it has been 
so pleasant to greet my friends again." 

On June 24th Mr. Hay, accompanied by his son, left Wash- 
ington for his summer home, ' 'The Fells", on Lake Sunapee, New 



278 THE SHIELD 

Hampshire. He was not optimistic about his health, though he 
believed that his European trip had done him much good. The 
journey to New Hampshire fatigued the Secretary, and further- 
more he contracted a slight cold ; but the trip was made in safety 
and Mr. Hay reached "The Fells" the same evening. On the 
afternoon of the next day, however, he broke down and his con- 
dition became so alarming that specialists were summoned from 
Boston. By Monday the doctors were able to announce that Mr. 
Hay's condition was not serious and that with a few days' rest 
he would be able to get out into the open air again. His con- 
dition continued to be satisfactory through the week, but at 
midnight on Friday, without a moment's warning, there was a 
sudden change for the worse. Heroic remedies were applied 
without result and the physicians then saw that the end was 
near. Mrs. Hay was summoned and was soon at her husband's 
bedside, but the moment of dissolution arrived so quickly that 
the son and daughter had not time to reach the room. 

John Hay died at 12:25 Saturday moruing, July ist. The 
immediate cause of death was pulmonary embolism. The news 
came as a great shock to the President and to the American 
people. President Roosevelt paid the following tribute to the 
momory of his late Premier : 

"My sense of deep personal loss, great though it is, is lost 
in my sense of bereavement to the whole country in Mr. Hay's 
death. I was inexpressively shocked, as every one was ; for all 
of us, including Mr. Hay's immediate family, had supposed that 
all immediate danger was over, and I had been hoping that the 
rest during the summer would put him again in good health by 
the fall. The American people have never had a greater Secre- 
tary of State than John Hay, and his loss is a national calamity." 

The remains were taken to Cleveland, Ohio, Secretary 
Hay's old home, and there with simple services, mourned by the 
President, Vice-President, and his associates of the present and 
former Cabinets, who had journeyed to Cleveland to pay their 
last tribute, all that was mortal of John Hay was laid to rest in 
the beautiful L,ake View Cemetery. 

By order of the President, memorial services were held in 



JOHN HA Y 279 

Washington at the hour of interment in Cleveland. The arrange- 
ments were in charge of the State Department and partook of 
the character of a state function. The services were held at 
eleven o'clock at the Church of the Covenant where Secretary 
Hay was a worshiper and a member of the Board of Trustees. 
The entire diplomatic corps in full uniform was present, as were 
also the officers of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. It was 
an imposing spectacle. In the first of the central pews of the 
church were seated the embassadors, and back of them the 
ministers, charges d' affaires, and the secretaries of legation. 
Back of the diplomats were the members of the general staff of 
the Army. To the right of the center aisle were ranged the 
Assistant Secretaries, bureau chiefs, and government officials. 
Back of them sat the officers of the Navy and Marine Corps. 

Theta Delta Chi also paid tribute at these services to the 
memory of its departed brother. A delegation representing the 
Grand Lodge attended and was seated directly in rear of the 
army officers, in a pew reserved for them by the State Depart- 
ment. This embassy was composed as follows ; Rev. James 
Macbride Sterrett, Chi, '67, Chairman ; Rev. James W. Wight- 
man, Pi, '60 ; Dr. LeGrand Powers, Kappa, '72 ; Rev. W. Hart 
Dexter, Chi, '78 ; and Harry T. Domer, Chi Deuteron, 1900. 
Brother Carlos C. Arosemena, Delta, '92, acting as charges d' 
affaires of Panama, sat with the diplomatic corps, but Brother 
Gonzalo de Quesada, the Cuban Minister, was prevented from 
being present on account of absence in Europe. 

The memorial services were of the simplest character. A 
quartet sang two hymns which were favorites of Brother Hay, 
"For All the Saints who from their I^abors Rest" and "Lead, 
Kindly Light" ; there was a prayer, a reading of selected pas- 
sages from the Scriptures, and a brief eulogy by the Pastor of the 
church. Rev. Teunis S. Hamlin, D.D. The entire service did 
not last over one hour. 

Memorial services were held elsewhere in the United States 
and also in Europe, notably in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, 
where a full choral service was rendered, the choir numbering 
one hundred voices. Dispatches of condolence, eulogies, trib- 
utes, came from sovereigns, governments, associations, individ- 



28o THE SHIELD 

uals, in all quarters of the globe. The world seemed to give 
spontaneous testimony to its grief with a fervor that has been 
aroused by probably no other deaths of recent years except those 
of Queen Victoria and President McKinley alone. After the as- 
sassination of Abraham L,incolnthe expressions of grief and con- 
dolence that were sent to the government at Washington from na- 
tional, provincial and municipal bodies all over the globe, were 
published by the State Department in a quarto volume of nearly 
a thousand pages, entitled "The Tribute of the Nations to 
Abraham Lincoln". In like manner the messages received upon 
the death of John Hay might be appropriately collected under 
the title of "The Tribute of the Nations to John Hay". 

John Hay was born in Salem, Indiana, October 8th, 1838. 
He was the third son of Dr. Charles and Helen (Leonard) Hay, 
his father being a physician of influence and ability, courteous, 
high-minded, old-fashioned, who later removed to Warsaw, Illi- 
nois, where he spent the remainder of his long and useful life. 
Brother Hay's ancestors on his father's side were Scotch. His 
great-great-grandfather, also named John Hay, was the son of a 
Scottish soldier who had left his native land at the beginning of 
the eighteenth century to take service in the army of the Elector 
Palatine. This John Hay, with his family of four sons, later 
emigrated to America, settling in Virginia in the year 1750. 
Two of these boys served with distinction in the Revolutionary 
War, one of them, Adam Hay, having had the good fortune to 
win the friendship of General Washington. After American in- 
dependence had been Vvon, Adam Play left Virginia with his 
family and settled in Kentucky. One of his sons, John, the 
second of that name, married and lived for many years in that 
state. He was a man of large build ; and although of a quiet 
and peaceable disposition, had inherited his father's determina- 
tion and love of liberty. This showed itself when, at the age of 
fifty-five, he made up his mind that Kentucky with its slave in- 
stitutions was no place in which to bring up a large family ; so 
he removed to Sangamon County, Illinois, since made famous as 
the early home of Lincoln, another Kentucky immigrant. John 
Hay's eldest son, Charles Hay, the father of Secretary Hay, 
studied medicine and, on receiving his degree, located in Salem, 



JOHN HAY 281 

Indiana. In 1831 he married a daughter of Rev. David A. Leon- 
ard, a Rhode Island man of English ancestry, well known among 
his contemporaries as a preacher of learning and eloquence, a 
graduate of Brown University in 1793, and, like his grandson 
sixty-five years later, poet of his class. 

In a speech a few years ago John Hay made the following 
humorous reference to his ancestr^^ and career : — 

"A distinguished American some time ago leaped into unmerited fame 
by saying : 'Some men are born great — others are born in Ohio'. This is 
mere pleonasm, for a man who is born in Ohio is born great. I can say 
this as the rest of you cannot — without the reproach of egotism, for I have 
Buffered all my life under the handicap of not having been bom in that 
fortunate Commonwealth. Indeed, when I look back upon the shifting 
scenes of my life, if I am not that altogether deplorable creature, a man 
without a country, I am, when it comes to pull and prestige, almost 
equally bereft, as I am a man without a State. 

I was born in Indiana, I grew up in Illinois, I was educated in Rhode 
Island, and it is no blame to that scholarly community that I know so little. 
I learned my law in Springfield and my politics in Washington, my diplo- 
macy in Europe, Asia and Africa. I have a farm in New Hampshire and 
desk room in the District of Columbia. When I look to the springs from 
which my blood descends, the first ancestors I ever heard of were a Scotch- 
man, who was half Knglish, and a German woman, who was half French. 
Of mj' immediate progenitors my mother was from New England and my 
father was from the South. In this bewilderment of origin and experience 
I can only put on an aspect of deep humility in any gathering of favorite 
sons, and confess that I am nothing but an American." 

John Hay's boyhood days were spent at Warsaw, Illinois, at 
that time a struggling pioneer village with all the elements of 
hardy Western life. Surrounded by such conditions as these, in- 
cident to the conquering of a new territory and to the organiza- 
tion and upbuilding of a steadily growing frontier community, 
boys matured much more rapidly than they do in older commun- 
ities. Every man and boy had his work to do, his problems to 
solve, his responsibilities to meet. This threw the boy on his 
own resources, it brought him into close companionship 
with men ; it made him thoughtful, self-reliant, sturdy, aggres- 
sive : it gave him a serious view of life ; it made him able, in 
some degree, to appreciate men and measures. This also gave 
rise to frank intimacies between men and boys, like that between 



282 THE SHIELD 

lyincoln and Hay, and like that between Washington and Ham- 
ilton at an earlier period of our history. 

Young Hay received the rudiments of his education in such 
schools as the district afforded, from private tutoring at home, 
and from a preparatory academy at Springfield, Illinois. From 
the outset he evinced a decided taste for literature, and this was 
encouraged by his parents. By the time he was sixteen he was 
so well grounded in preliminary studies that arrangements were 
made for sending him to college. Providence, Rhode Island, 
had been the early home of his mother, and Brown University 
the Alma Mater of his grand-father, so that it was natural that 
young Hay should be sent there for his college training. The 
thoroughness of his preparatory work was shown in the fact that 
he was able to enter the Sophomore Class. There this "comely 
young man with peach-bloom face" achieved success from the 
start. Quiet and reserved, with a thoughtful temperament, yet 
frank, manly, open-hearted, and a most delightful companion, 
he soon gained a place in the affections and esteem of his fellows. 
He seems at this early date to have been animated by the princi- 
ple which characterized him to such a remerkable degree in later 
years. He himself has aptly expressed it in one of his "Dis- 
tichs" thus : 

"Make all good men your well wisliers ; 

And then, in the years' steady sifting, 
Some of them grow into friends. 

Friends are the sunshine of life." 

Naturally such a man as this became much sought after by 
the ever watchful, rival fraternities ; and it is to the everlasting 
glory of Theta Delta Chi that he pledged his devotion to the 
Black, White and Blue, and that throughout all his later years, 
throughout all his varied activities and signal achievements the 
old love suffered no diminution and the old enthusiasm no chill. 

John Hay graduated in June, 1858, with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts, and at the commencement exercises delivered the 
class poem. This was a really notable effort and was subse- 
quently published by the class. The closing lines are particu- 
larly beautiful : 



JOHN HA Y 283 

'.'Where'er afar the beck of fate shall call us, 

'Mid winter's boreal chill or summer's blaze, 
Fond memory's chain of (lowers shall still enthrall us. 

Wreathed by the spirits of these vanished days. 
Our hearts shall bear them safe through life's commotion. 

Their fading gleam shall light us to our graves ; 
As in the shell the memories of ocean 

Murmur forever of the sounding waves." 

After leaving college John Hay took up the study of law in 
the office of his uncle, Milton Hay, at Springfield, Illinois, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1861. However, he was destined 
never to practice his profession. Already an element had en- 
tered into his life which was to influence his whole future. 
Milton Hay, while a young man employed at the Court House in 
Springfield, had made the acquaintance of Abraham Lincoln, at 
that time a lawyer of indifierent legal ability but already, though 
only thirty years of age, a man of considerable local influence. 
Hay was attracted to Lincoln and suggested that he would like 
to study law under him. Lincoln agreed and gave up many of 
his evenings to instructing his young friend. The latter made 
great progress and in the course of time became one of the leading 
lawyers of the state. For many years Milton Hay occupied an 
office room adjoining that of the firm of Lincoln and Logan, and 
he still occupied this office when his nephew, John Hay, came to 
study law with him. Thus the latter was thrown into daily 
contact with his uncle's neighbors, and with Lincoln particularly 
he early established very cordial relations. Lincoln spent many 
hours in Hay's office and took a great liking to the young stu- 
dent. As time went on this attachment grew and the man and 
the youth soon became firm friends. Hay venerated Lincoln 
and supported him ardently in the great controversy at this time 
stirring the nation and in which Lincoln was playing an ever 
more prominent part. At last in the summer of i860 came Lin- 
coln's nomination to the Presidency, and immediately John Hay, 
though but a stripling of twenty-two, threw himself heart and 
soul into the campaign both as a writer and speaker. The most 
momentous electoral struggle in our national history resulted in 
the victory of the Republican candidates. The voice of the peo- 
ple called Lincoln to the post of infinite danger and responsibility 



284 THE SHIELD 

at the helm of the laboring ship of state. In organizing his 
political household the new President chose John G. Nicolay of 
Springfield as his private secretary and John Hay as his assistant. 
At last the time came for the journey to Washington. 
Early on Monday morning, February nth, 1861, the citizens of 
Springfield gathered in the dingy little railroad station to bid 
their old friend and fellow townsman a fond good bye, and to 
wish him Godspeed in the tremendous task which confronted 
him. John Hay in his life of Lincoln has described with great 
pathos that touching scene. Assembled in the little waiting- 
room, the people crowded about the President-elect and then 
formed a single line to pass by and give him a parting shake of 
the hand. But before this ceremony could be completed the 
whistle of the engine was heard and the presidential party moved 
out onto the platform. When the train drew up, Lincoln 
entered the last car and the people gathered around it expecting 
a few words of farewell. There was a pause, the conductor was 
about to pull the rope when Lincoln's tall form appeared on the 
rear platform. Instinctively, as though impressed with the 
great solemnity of the occasion, the men bared their heads to the 
falling snowflakes. Lincoln was filled with emotion ; for a 
moment he could not speak ; then, in a few pathetic words, that 
were later to be frought with such a world of meaning, he 
addressed his neighbors thus : 

"My Friends : No one, not in my situation, can appreciate my feeling 
of sadness at this parting. To this place, and the kindness of these people, 
I owe everything. Here I have lived a quarter of a century, and have 
passed from a young to an old man. Here my children have been born, 
and one is buried. I now leave, not knowing when or whether ever I may 
return, with a task before me greater than that which rested upon Wash- 
ington. Without the assistance of that Divine Being who ever attended 
him, I cannot succeed. With that assistance, I cannot fail. Trusting in 
Him who can go with me, and remain with you, and be everywhere for 
good, let us confidently hope that all will yet be well. To His care com- 
mending yon, as I hope in your prayers you will commend me, I bid you 
an affectionate farewell." 

The people stood in silence, many with tears streaming down 
their cheeks, as the train slowl}^ started on its long journey. 
They were destined never to hear that voice again. 



JOHN HA Y 285 

John Hay accompanied Lincoln to Washington ; and thus 
began that long intimacy between the great President and the 
youthful secretary which forms such a pleasant episode amid the 
dark days of the Civil War. Their relations were most charm- 
ing. Lincoln treated Hay with all the affection of a father but 
with more than a father's freedom, and the latter reciprocated 
with a devotion and a veneration more than filial. Hay lived at 
the White House, and it is said that if the President happened 
to wake up in the night he often roused his young secretary and 
they would sit and read together. Their tastes were similar. 
Especially did Hay appreciate Lincoln's peculiar humor and 
enjoy his favorite humorous writings, a circumstance which 
pleased Lincoln the more as so many men, like Stanton, were 
quite unable to understand why Lincoln, in the midst of some 
great crisis, w-ould indulge in jokes or funny stories. Hay's 
quick sympathy was, therefore, a boon to the overburdened 
President, who often found in the cheerful, sunny disposition of 
his secretary a welcome relief from the strain of official cares. 
On pleasant afternoons the two w^ent driving together ; on Sun- 
days they attended services together at the New York Avenue 
Presbyterian Church ; and on summer evenings they were in 
the habit of dining at the Soldiers' Home just outside the city 
where Lincoln occupied a cottage during the warm months. 

Thus John Hay came to know the President as no other 
man of his time, young or old, knew him. He became indis- 
pensable to him and gained his absolute trust and confidence not 
only in affairs of a private nature but in public matters as well. 
This was shown by the many delicate missions with which Hay 
was charged. During the war Lincoln frequently did not care 
to trust to letters. He would then send John Hay with a verbal 
message to generals in the field. Hay always bore himself with 
tact and firmness and never committed an indiscretion. Some- 
times also Lincoln used him upon most responsible civil mis- 
sions, as we shall see in connection with the Canada peace 
negotiations ; and it was a source of much concern to some of 
the President's critics that such important matters should be 
entrusted to the hands of a mere boy. But Lincoln's judgment 
of men was unerring and he never had cause to regret the con- 



286 THE SHIELD 

fidence which he placed in the good sense and fidelity of his 
young secretary. 

An incident which occurred at this time is of special interest 
to Theta Delta Chi. John Hay's fraternity brother and college 
classmate, Clarence S. Bate, was a Kentuckian by birth and 
breeding, and after graduation returned to his native state and 
became a very prominent citizen. At the outbreak of the war he 
threw in his sympathies with the Confederate cause, but took no 
active part until Bragg's invasion of the state in 1862. The fate 
of this border common wealth being thus apparently settled in 
favor of the South, Brother Bate, swept along by the tide of 
Southern enthusiasm, organized a company of young men in his 
neighborhood and started out to offer his services to the Confede- 
rate general. However, he never reached his goal. On October 
8th, Bragg was defeated by Buell at Perryville and was driven 
from the state. Bate, therefore, returned home and surrendered 
himself to the Union general in command of his district. He 
was tried, convicted, and about to be sentenced, when influential 
friends came to his assistance and secured a stay of judgment un- 
til the President could be appealed to for pardon. Bate's uncle, 
Mr. J. H. Locke, fortified with a petition and with strong letters 
from leading Union men of the city, set out for Washington. A 
letter from Mr. L,ocke, published in the Shied for June, 1898, 
gives the following account of what happened there : 

"But that (the petition) was not all that I carried ; in my pocket was a 
talisman in the form of a letter from Bate to his classmate John Hay. I 
well recall the amused expression on Hay's face when he heard my story 
and said, "So Bate is in more trouble ; well, we must help him out," and 
without delay he took me to Mr. Lincoln to present my papers and make 
my appeal. 

"The benevolent expression, the sad and searching eyes ; the seeming 
confidence in me of that noble character, dispelled embarrassment. I for- 
got that I stood in the presence of the President of the United States. He 
seemed to sympathize with Bate as much as I did. He took my paper and 
told me to call at five o'clock and Mr. Hay would give me his decision. 
Needless to say, I was on time, and Mr. Hay welcomed me by saying, 
"The President has endorsed the petition." This was on Saturday at five 
o'clock. I immediately telegraphed to the judge, and Bate slept at home 
that night, the authorities having released him on my statement. On 
Monday afternoon I started for Louisville with the pardon in my pocket. 
This was in war times, when every department of the government was 



JOHN HA Y 287 

overwhelmed with work. The explanation is simple and due entirely to 
the loyalty of Mr. Hay to his college comrade. He eaid, "Come to me 
early Monday morning and I will assist you in getting your papers 
through, otherwise Bate's pardon may get into a pigeon hole and he be 
kept on prison fare for six months." Mr. Hay's personal influence with 
the President was quite sufficient to secure the pardon ; and Bate was al- 
ways grateful for his prompt response to his appeal, and glad he owed his 
liberty to him. He had tested the bond that binds classmates and he re- 
joiced in its enduring strength." 

Hay had long felt a yearning for active service in the field 
but during the early years of the war, when so many Union gen- 
erals were tried and found wanting, the overburdened President 
could not spare him from his side. At last General Grant was 
placed at the head of the army and assumed not only the full di- 
rection of affairs but their entire responsibility. The President's 
cares were considerably lightened and now for the first time the 
opportunity was given to young Hay to gratify his taste for ac- 
tive service. He had had a brief experience of this sort as a vol- 
unteer on the staff of General David Hunter ; but he was with- 
out military rank, and his chief duty was to act more as the 
President's "eyes and ears" in the field than anything else. In 
December, 1863, when it became known in Washington that Gen- 
eral Q. A. Gillmore was planning an expedition into the inte- 
rior, Ha}^ who had many friends in Gillmore' s department, 
asked leave to accompany him. This was granted and, at Stan- 
ton's suggestion, Lincoln appointed him Assistant Adjutant 
General with the rank of Major. He received his commission 
on January 12, 1864. 

He was, however, charged with a special errand in addition 
to his regular staff duties. It had been represented to the Presi- 
dent that a considerable number of the citizens of Florida were 
ready to give up the struggle and renew their allegiance to the 
United States. In the hope of bringing about a reconciliation 
with these elements and of reconstructing a loyal state govern- 
ment for Florida, President Lincoln issued a proclamation grant- 
ing them full pardon upon condition of their signing a parole and 
taking the oath of allegiance. Hay was entrusted with the papers 
in the case and was given particular instructions for opening ne- 
gotiations wherever he might find the people willing to conform 



288 THE SHIELD 

to the terms of the amnesty proclamation. Accordingly the 
young Adjutant General was ordered to proceed to Fernandina 
and other convenient points and carry out as far as possible the 
objects of his mission. However, the situation had been very 
much misrepresented at Washington. Resistance was still strong 
in Florida and there were few loyal citizens to enroll. The move 
to reconstruct a new state government necessarily failed for lack 
of material. Hay, therefore, after the ill success of his mission, 
confined himself strictly to the ordinary duties of a staff officer. 
He was later given the brevet rank of Lieutenant Colonel and 
Colonel "for faithful and meritorious services during the war." 
After about six months service with General Gillmore, Hay was 
recalled to Washington as Aide-de-Camp to the President, and 
once more took up his residence at the White House. 

Shortly after this, in July, 1864, occurred the incident of the 
Greeley peace negotiations above referred to. Horace Greeley, 
though a great editor, was a poor politician. Yet he persisted 
in regarding himself as a past master in the art, and dabbled in 
political affairs at every opportunity. During the spring and 
summer of 1864 his paper, the New York Tribune, hopeless of a 
successful outcome of the war, and unimpressed, evidently, by 
Grant's hammering tactics or by his grim determination to "fight 
it out on this line if it takes all summer," vigorously advocated 
a speedy cessation of hostilities and peace at any price. Grant's 
repulse at Cold Harbor, and Early's raid up the Shenandoah 
Valley and attack upon the defences of Washington, increased 
this panicky feeling. Greeley, therefore, as a last resort, under- 
took to open negotiations on his own account. He began a cor- 
respondence with three Southern gentlemen who had landed in 
Canada and deluded himself into the belief that they were ac- 
credited envoys of the Confederate government. Greeley pes- 
tered the President with urgent demands for a conference, until 
the latter, though seeing clearly Greeley's mistake but unwilling 
to incur his enmity by a refusal, finally consented that a parley 
should take place. However, as a safeguard, he sent John Hay 
along with Greeley with private instructions on the subject. 
The two arrived at Niagara on July 20th, 1864, and a conference 
was had with the Southerners at a place called Clifton, on the 



JOHN HA Y 289 

Canada side of the border. Here Mr. Greeley's blunder became 
evident. It was seen at once that the envoys were not what 
Greeley supposed them to be, that they had no power whatever 
to negotiate, and furthermore that they were animated by a de- 
cidedly discourteous and undiplomatic spirit. Greeley then for 
the first time realized the unfortunate position in which he had 
placed himself, and, deeply mortified, threw up the negotiations 
and returned to New York, leaving John Hay to deal with the 
emissaries as he saw fit. The Southerners thereupon published 
a harsh criticism of President Lincoln ; and, without more ado, 
Hay summarily terminated the conference and left for Washington. 

In the meantime Abraham Lincoln had been unanimously 
renominated for President by the Republican Party. The ensu- 
ing campaign, to use an expression of the Democratic candidate. 
General McClellan, was "short, sharp and decisive." Mr. Lin- 
coln was overwhelmingly re-elected and his war policy vigorously 
sustained. 

The inauguration ceremonies were held at the east front of 
the Capitol on March 4th, 1865, and will remain ever memorable 
as the occa.sion of that sublime address, that "sacred poem", as 
it has been called, which closed with these immortal words : — 

"Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourage 
of war may speedily pass away. Yet if God wills that it continue until all 
the wealth piled by the bondman's two hundred and fifty years of unre- 
quited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the 
lash shall be paid by another drawn by the sword, as was said three thous- 
and years ago, so still it must be said, "The judgments of the Lord are 
true and righteous altogether." With malice toward none, with charity for 
all, with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive 
on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for 
him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphan ; to 
do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among our- 
selves and with all nations. ' ' 

During the delivery of this address John Hay stood at the 
right of the President, holding the manuscript in his hand. 
When President Lincoln had finished with one sheet, John Hay 
handed him another and received the former one back again. 
Thus the entire inaugural was delivered. A circumstance little 
known, however, is the fact that President Lincoln had labori- 
ously prepared the manuscript for the occasion. His original, 



290 THE SHIELD 

hand-written copy had been set up in type but the lines were so 
close together that the President experienced some difficulty in 
reading them. In this emergency he went to the trouble to cut 
up the printed address, line by line, and paste it upon large 
sheets of foolscap. It was this copy, thus prepared, which was 
used at the inauguration ceremonies. A few days later, as a 
compliment to John Hay, Mr. Lincoln presented him with this 
manuscript together with the original hand- written copy. These 
sheets Mr. Hay had bound in a handsome volume which became 
to him a most precious treasure. He always kept it in a fire- 
proof safe and produced it for the inspection of only his most 
favored guests. 

During Hay's term of service as private secretary he was, of 
course, thrown into close personal contact with members of the 
Cabinet. But with Seward in particular was he on terms of the 
most cordial friendship. He had won the Secretary's regard not 
only by his frank, cheerful manner but also by his solid worth. 
Seward found him discreet, trustworthy, quick incomprehension, 
and exact in execution ; and was glad to do his young friend a 
favor when the opportunity presented itself. Lincoln's second 
administration was hardly a month old, when one day Secretary 
Seward sent for Hay and asked him if he would not like to see 
something of the world. The secretaryship of legation at Paris 
was vacant and, if Hay desired it, he would appoint him to the 
post. Hay was delighted and accepted at once. Seward there- 
upon sent the nomination to the President, much to the latter' s 
astonishment. Lincoln, however, heartily approved the appoint- 
ment and promptly signed the commission. 

With high expectations Hay began making his arrange- 
ments for departure. All seemed bright and joyous about him. 
Richmond had fallen ; Lee was hard pressed, and his surrender 
was only a question of hours. Lincoln had already outlined a 
liberal scheme for Southern reconstruction ; and the complete 
restoration of the Union seemed at hand. The nation had 
emerged from the dark night of trial and civil strife, and stood 
bathed in the gladdening rays of a glorious sunrise — a sunrise of 
peace, of hope, of reconciliation. Lee's surrender at Appomattox 
put the final touch to the universal joy and thanksgiving — but 



JOHN HAY 291 

suddenly, out of the clear dawn there came a stroke of terrible 
swiftness which plunged the nation into the deepest gloom. 

On Good Friday evening, April 14th, 1865, John Hay was 
sitting in an upper room at the White House talking with Captain 
Robert T. I^incoln, the President's eldest son, who had just re- 
turned from the front. All at once they were startled by cries 
through the house and, rushing to the door, were told that the 
President had been assassinated. Instantly they ran downstairs 
to the entrance where a large crowd was already gathering. 
Jumping into a carriage waiting there, they were driven rapidly 
towards Tenth Street where Ford's Theatre was located. They 
were loath to believe that the dreadful news could be true, but 
as they drew near the spot their worst fears seemed to be realized. 
The streets for blocks around were packed with solid masses of 
humanity, pushing and surging towards a common centre, but 
held back by a long cordon of cavalry which was already on the 
scene. It was only with the utmost difficulty that the carriage 
was able to cut its way through, but with the aid of the police 
they finally reached the house into which I^incoln had been car- 
ried. They entered and were led up to the little back room where 
the President la}' in his agony. Dr. Stone, the Surgeon General 
of the Army, met them at the door and with grave tenderness 
told them there was no hope. The President lingered in an un- 
conscious condition throughout the night. His low moaning 
could be heard through the house, but towards morning he 
rested more easih'. A little company of grief- stricken friends 
had gathered in the room to watch by the bedside of the dying 
man. Dr. Stone sat by the pillow, holding the President's head 
between his hands. John Hay stood near him. Others were 
grouped about the room. As dawn broke, an unspeakable peace 
came over the sufferer's worn features. Life was ebbing fast. 
The breathing became slower and more labored — a flutter at the 
heart — and then all was still. A sign from the physician told 
that the gentle spirit had winged its flight. The little group of 
watchers stood for a moment in silence, and then Stanton, with 
tears streaming down his cheeks, said in a low tone, "Now he 
belongs to the ages." President lyincoln died at twenty-two 
minutes after seven, Saturday morning, April 15th, 1865. 



292 THE SHIELD 

The remains were carried back to Springfield over the same 
route which the presidential train had followed after that pathetic 
leavetaking of his neighbors four years before. All that was 
mortal of the great, good President was laid to rest on the Fourth 
of May in Oak Ridge Cemetery ; and that second inaugural 
which but two months before I^incoln had pronounced from the 
portico of the Capitol, was now with ineffable pathos, read over 
his grave. 

At this point one is struck by the sharp contrasts in the 
picture, the lights and shadows, the deep gloom of Washington 
where John Hay was making his mournful preparations for de- 
parture, and the light gaiety of the French capital which was to 
be his new field of activity. He was not loth to go. The old 
familiar scenes in Washington were fraught with tender memories 
of that great-hearted man who, for four long, momentous years, 
had been almost a father to him. Paris offered a change of 
scene, a change of occupation, a change of atmosphere, and he 
welcomed it. Doubtless Secretary Seward had other reasons 
than mere friendship for sending young Hay to this post. At 
the close of the war Paris became to America the most important 
capital in Europe, not even excepting London. The "inscruta- 
ble emperor", Louis Napoleon, was on the throne. He had been 
all but openly hostile to the Union cause. He had been leader 
among European nations in the movement to recognize the 
Southern Confederacy. He had complacently deluded himself into 
the belief that the United States was going to pieces and that her 
sway over North America was at an end. With utter disregard, 
therefore, of the protests of the American government, he had 
interfered in the affairs of Mexico and, when all the energies of 
the United States were employed in the struggle with rebellion, 
had seized the opportunity for forcing upon the Mexican people 
an imperial despotism, maintained by French troops, and with an 
emperor of his own choosing, the Archduke Maximilian at its 
head. This was, of course, a flagrant violation of the Monroe 
Doctrine ; but the United States, engaged as she was, contented 
herself with protestations through diplomatic channels, and put 
the question by for more careful consideration at a later and 
more propitious season. At length the time came. America 



JOHN HA Y 293 

emerged from the war more powerful than ever before, with an 
army and a navy second to none in the entire world. With re- 
bellion crushed, she now found her hands free to deal with the 
"little nephew of the great Napoleon". Without a moment's 
delay General Sheridan, flushed with his recent victories, was 
sent with a column of fifty thousand, trained veterans towards 
the Mexican frontier. Simultaneously a note was dispatched to 
the French government stating that it would be ' 'gravely incon- 
venient to the United States if the French troops were not with- 
drawn from Mexico. Louis Napoleon, brought face to face with 
the issue, tried negotiation to get around it, but the American 
government stood firm. There was, then, no choice left for him 
but to withdraw. Withdraw he must ; and withdraw he did, 
with what grace he could. Just two months and one week after 
the last of the French troops had embarked, Maximilian was 
captured by the Mexican Liberals, tried by court martial and 
shot. The imperial government fell like a house of cards. Thus 
vanished Louis Napoleon's silly dream of a "Latin Empire in 
the West". 

It was at the commencement of these important negotiations 
that Mr. Seward sent John Hay as Secretary to the Paris Lega- 
tion. There Hay conducted himself with his accustomed tact 
and ability and soon won the regard of Mr. Bigelow, the Ameri- 
can Minister. The latter expressed his satisfaction to the Secre- 
tary of State and in reply Mr. Seward wrote as follows : "I am 
glad you are pleased with Mr. Hay. He is a noble as well as a 
gifted young man, perfectly true and manly." 

Mr. Hay's leisure hours in Paris were not wasted. Having 
already set himself the rule of seizing every opportunity for per- 
sonal betterment and growth, he applied himself diligently to a 
study of the French language, which he mastered, of French 
history, literature, institutions and customs. In this way he 
laid the foundations for that splendid knowledge of European 
thought and diplomacy which so distinguished him in later years. 
So also, be it noticed, his first experience in diplomatic afi^airs 
was in defence of the Monroe Doctrine, a doctrine which he was 
to place upon a still firmer footing during his incumbency of the 
State Department. 



294 ^^^ SHIELD 

From the autumn of 1866 till February, 1867, the French 
troops by degrees evacuated Mexico ; whereupon, the chief task 
of the legation having been thus successfully accomplished, John 
Hay on March 28th following resigned his position and returned 
to the United States. Mr. Seward, nevertheless, was still anx- 
ious to keep him in the diplomatic service, and, wishing to re- 
ward him for his faithful labors at Paris, nominated him as min- 
ister to Sweden. President Johnson, however, a traitor to his 
party and a new ally of the Democrats, desired this important 
post for party purposes and refused to endorse Hay's appoint- 
ment. Thereupon Seward sent Hay to Vienna as Secretary ol 
Legation. The latter returned forthwith to his new post of duty 
and remained there two years, for a long time acting as Charge 'd 
Affaires in the absence of Minister Motle5^ 

In June 1869 Hay was transferred to Madrid as Secretary of 
Legation under Minister Sickles. He found peculiar delight in 
this new field. Spain was an inspiration to him. Her past 
glories appealed to his poetic temperament, and he lived in a 
veritable fairyland of enchantment. He threw himself heart and 
soul into the history, the romance, the poetry, the beauty of 
Spain, and his spontaneous enthusiasm found utterance in those 
charming pictures of Spanish life which he published first in the 
"Atlantic Monthly" and later in book form under the name of 
"Castilian Days". A few of the chapter heads will show the 
character of the work. "Madrid al Fresco", "Spanish Living 
and Dying" "Influence of Tradition in Spanish Life", "Red 
Letter Days", "An Hour with the Painters", "A Castle in the 
Air", "The City of the Visigoths" "A Miracle Play", "The 
Cradle and the Grave of Cervantes". 

Hay did not, however, devote himself exclusively to poetry 
and romance. The practical side of his nature was always strongly 
marked. He had already had experience of statecraft and gov- 
ernment at home ; he had stood by the stout-hearted captain as 
he directed the ship of state through the storms of civil war ; 
and now he turned with intense interest to the study of the sys- 
tems of government and the political problems presented in the 
Old World. An ardent American and a sincere Republican al- 



JOHN HA Y 295 

ways, his foreign experiences and observations made him still 
prouder of his native laud, and a firmer believer in her liberal 
institutions. 

Among other public men whom Play met in Madrid was 
Emilio Castelar, the great liberal leader, whom he much ad- 
mired, and whose well known work, "The Republican movement 
in Europe", Mr. Hay translated into English. 

After two years' residence in Spain, John Hay began to 
turn his thoughts towards home. He was in his thirty-second 
year and he still had his life work to do. True, he might have 
remained in the diplomatic service and have made diplomacy his 
career, but it was an uncertain vocation at the best and a sudden 
change of administration might throw him out altogether. He 
had no means of his own and was dependant upon his salary for 
support. He considered, therefore, that the wisest thing for him 
to do was to leave the diplomatic service and seek his fortune in 
the States. He accordingly resigned in 1871 and returned to 
America, intending to practice law in Illinois. But fate had 
other things in store for him. When he landed in New York he 
was met at the pier by Mr. Whitelaw Reid, an old friend whom 
he had known as a war correspondent in Washington. From the 
boat they went to the Union League Club for dinner and after- 
wards strolled down to the office of the New York Tribune. 
Here Reid, who had lately become managing editor, found an 
important dispatch lying on his desk. The foreign editor was 
away, so, turning to Hay, Reid handed him the dispatch and 
said, "Sit down and write a leader for tomorrow". Half in jest 
Hay complied. The article proved good, and the writer was 
asked to remain permanently as foreign editor. This was the 
more remarkable as Mr. Hay had had no newspaper experience 
whatever and the New York Tribune was at that time probably 
the most influential newspaper in the United States. As luck 
would have it, Hay was now thrown into close relations with his 
fellow peace commissioner of former years, Horace Greeley, edi- 
tor-in-chief of the Tribune, who, ever since the Niagara affair, 
had entertained strong prejudices against him. However, Hay 
went his own way, attended strictly to business, and let the quality 
of his work speak for itself. Soon Greeley saw the injustice of 



296 THE SHIELD 

his prejudice and began to appreciate the solid character and 
brilliant gifts of his new associate. Hay continued to gain in 
favor until Greeley was finally outspoken in his admiration. One 
day the latter, with an enthusiasm rare to him declared that 
Hay's editorial that morning on "Photographs Plain and Col- 
ored" was about the best that he had ever read. 

To this period also (1871) belong Play's first collected pub- 
lications, "Pike County Ballads" and "Castilian Days". In 
the.se may be seen the great versatility of the man ; the first 
"celebrating in Western dialect the heroism of drinking pilots, 
swearing engineers, and godless settlers"; and the second paint- 
ing in the purest, stateliest prose the romance of high-born 
dames and courtly gentlemen, of castellated heights and Moorish 
halls. Yet both were true to life. 

On February 4th, 1874, Mr. Hay was married to Miss Clara 
Louise Stone of Cleveland, Ohio. She was a daughter of Amasa 
Stone to whom young Hay had been introduced by President 
Lincoln during war times. This marriage made a great change 
in Mr. Hay's material well being. Amasa Stone had built up a 
large fortune in the West by railroad construction and other en- 
terprises, and now showed his approval of the match by present- 
ing the bride and groom with a handsome residence on Euclid 
Avenue, Cleveland, and by settling upon them a sufficient 
amount for maintaining the establishment in proper style. 

This change of circumstances, however, made no change in 
the man himself. Hay continued his sturdy, active life, im- 
proving every opportunity, entirely untainted by any allurements 
to an existence of indolent ease or luxurious self-complacency. 
He remained on the Tribune for a while longer and then in 1875 
removed to Cleveland and engaged in business, devoting much 
of his spare time to literature. He also kept up an active inter- 
est in politics and became associated in the party organization 
with such national leaders as Hayes, Garfield, McKinley, Sher- 
man, Hanna, and others. 

During the exciting presidential campaign of 1876, John 
Hay took part in behalf of Rutherford B. Hayes, the Republican 
candidate. He made a number of addresses, some of which were 
printed and distributed broadcast by the party managers. The 



JOHN HA Y 297 

result of the election was so close that both sides claimed the 
victory ; and it was only after an electoral commission had been 
appointed that Hayes was declared elected by a majority of one 
electoral vote. Hayes was inaugurated on March 4th, 1877, and 
in making up his Cabinet chose William M. Evarts for Secretary 
of State, Evarts was not as great a statesman as he was a poli- 
tician. Careless, easy-going, he at times seemed even disinclined 
to take his duties at the State Department seriously. Once when 
upbraided at a Cabinet meeting for not having any measures to 
present, he replied, "In my experience I have found very few 
matters which would not settle themselves if left alone long 
enough y This doctrine of laissez faire might have dangerous 
consequences when applied to diplomacy, and it became necessary 
to secure for the Secretary assistants possessing those qualities 
which he himself lacked. Frederick Seward served as First As- 
sistant Secretary for two years and then resigned. Being con- 
sulted by Evarts as to his successor, Seward suggested John 
Hay ; but the latter, when offered the position, declined. 
Evarts persevered and requested a private interview at 
Reid's house. The meeting took place and Hay was finally 
prevailed upon to accept. He began his duties in 1879 and 
served throughout the remainder of Hayes' administration. 
Among other things which came up for consideration by the 
State Department during Hay's incumbency of the assistant sec- 
retaryship were two treaties with China, one in relation to com- 
merce and the other granting to the United States government 
the regulation of Chinese immigration. This is an interesting 
fact in view of John Hay's later negotiations and wonderful suc- 
cesses in the same field. 

James A. Garfield succeeded Hayes as President of the 
United States, and he was earnestly desirous of retaining John 
Hay in some capacity in his administration. He proposed to 
Hay that he should serve him at the White House as confidential 
adviser, taking the position of private secretary but leaving all 
the clerical and routine business of the ofiice in charge of an as- 
sistant. Hay saw the folly of the plan and refused. James G. 
Blaine, the new Secretary of State, also invited Hay to remain as 
First Assistant Secretary in his department but Hay once more 



298 THE SHIELD 

declined and expressed his firm determination to retire to private 
life and devote himself to a labor which he had outlined for him- 
self years before, the preparation of an authentic history of the 
life and times of Abraham lyincoln. Before retiring altogether 
from public office, however, he represented the United States at 
the International Sanitary Congress which met in Washington in 
May, 1 88 1, and was chosen President thereof. He then went 
into a retirement which was to last for sixteen years and was not 
to be terminated until he entered upon that splendid series of 
diplomatic triumphs which began with his appointment as Am- 
bassador to London and ended only with his death. 

In the meantime Hay had made arrangements to take up his 
permanent residence in Washington. He erected an imposing- 
mansion on the fine site at the northwest corner of Sixteenth and 
"H" streets, overlooking Lafayette Square and the White 
House grounds bej^ond ; and this henceforth was "home" as long 
as Colonel Hay lived. Before settling down in good earnest to 
work on his life of Lincoln, Mr. Haj?- was asked by his friend, 
Whitelaw Reid, to take charge of the New York Tribune during 
the latter' s absence in Europe on his honeymoon. In the spring 
of 1 88 1, therefore, Mr. Hay moved over to New York temporarily 
and became Kditor-in- Chief of that paper. It was expected that 
the summer months following the recent inauguration of a new 
president would be a period of calm repose, but quite the contrary 
proved to be the case. Mr. Hay had no sooner gotten installed 
in his office than the country was disturbed by the resignations 
of Senators Conkling and Piatt and by the fierce controversy 
which at once broke out in the ranks of the Republican Party. 
Following close upon this, came the startling intelligence that 
President Garfield had been shot. Then ensued the long period 
of suspense as the President lay hovering between life and death ; 
and then came his final surrender to the dread reaper on Septem- 
ber 19th, 1881, and the induction into office of Vice-President 
Arthur. 

During that trying time John Hay directed the policies of 
the great New York daily, and did it with splendid judgment 
and ability. It has been said that Hay's management of the 
Tribune was an event in journalism. It was also an all-absorb- 



Vf 




BIRTHPLACE OF JOHN HAY, SALEM, INDIANA. 




LATE RESIDENCE OF JOHN HAY, WASHINGTON, D. C. 



JO FIN HAY 299 

ing event to himself, as the following incident would indicate. 
Two friends dropped in one day to see how the acting editor-in- 
chief looked in the midst of it. They found him anythihg but 
joyous. He took his duties very seriously. "He seemed as if 
he had a ball and chain about his leg, or as though he were 
looking through the bars and yearning for the jungle." The 
same writer says (J. R. Young in Munsey 1898) ; "The Tribune 
was never so fierce even in Greeley 's days. The rule of the paper 
under Reid was that of whips, with Hay it was that of scorpions. ' ' 
After an absence of seven months Reid returned and unlocked 
the cage. The emancipated editor laid down his pen and with a 
sigh of relief returned once more to the freer air of Washington 
to start again his oft-deferred labors on the life of lyincoln. In 
this work he was joined by John G. Nicolay, his friend of those 
early days at Springfield, and his associate as private secretary 
to Lincoln. These two had formed their plan while yet in the 
midst of their White House duties. They broached the subject 
to Lincoln and it met with his entire approval. Thus they were 
enabled at that early date to begin collecting data for the work, 
and when the time came for putting their plan into execution 
they were well equipped not only by reason of their personal ex- 
perience and recollections but also by reason of the most accurate 
and most complete documentary evidence which they possessed 
bearing upon the subjects under discussion. Their work, there- 
fore, could not but become the highest authority on the period 
treated. So indeed it did become, and so it will probably always 
remain. It is really a history of the United States from 1830 to 
1865. Literary effect was not sought after, the main object of 
the authors being to give a clear, concise, impartial view of men 
and events during this crucial period, and especially of the great 
leader him.self about whom all the rest revolved. Yet the work 
is not without its touches of pathos and powerful inspiration. 
Unconsciously the writer at times gives way to personal emotion, 
and John Hay is credited with having drawn the truest and most 
vivid pen picture of Lincoln ever produced. 

For six years, from 1881 to 1887, Hay and Nicolay labored 
together over their great work and in the latter year the history 
was near enough completion to warrant them in placing it in the 



300 THE SHIELD 

hands of publishers. The Century Magazine secured it and ran 
it as a serial for over two years, at the end of which time it was 
brought out in book form and pubHshed in ten large volumes 
(1890). After this, Hay and Nicolay collected the writings of 
Abranam lyincoln and published them in two volumes (1894). 
This was the last literary work of any magnitude undertaken by 
Mr. Hay. Henceforth his activity in the field of letters was 
confined to occasional verse and to public speeches and addresses 
on various subjects. His whole life from now on was to be de- 
voted to the service of his country. 

During his retirement John Hay was 3'et a power in politics. 
He was closely acquainted with all the great leaders of his party 
and in its councils exerted great influence. He appeared on the 
stump from time to time but was never conspicuous in conven- 
tions, in hotel lobbies, in the corridors of the Capitol, or in the 
ante-rooms of the departments. Always dignified and reserved, 
such political wire-pulling was entirely foreign to his nature. 
Above all, he never sought ofiice. It is singular that with his 
great prominence in public affairs he never held an elective office 
in his life. Such positions as he occupied were those to which 
he had been appointed, and he entered them onlj' upon his own 
terms. 

Hay's friendship wnth McKinley was of long standing. In 
Ohio politics and in national politics they had worked side by 
side. Hay held McKinley in the highest admiration, and had, in 
fact, marked him out long before as a future President of the 
United States. Preceding the Republican convention of June, 
1896, Hay exerted himself to the utmost in behalf of Mr. Mc- 
Kinley's candidacy. When, therefore, the St. Louis delegates 
by an overwhelming majority chose the Ohio Governor as the 
standard bearer of the Republican Party, Hay prepared to give 
him vigorous support. No need to recount here the events of 
that aggressive campaign, nor William McKinley's sweeping 
victory at the November elections ; but it is of deep import to 
the student of Secretary Hay's life to reflect that had the Repub- 
lican Party not then come into power, John Hay, consummate 
statesman and renowned diplomat, would have lived and died, 
known to fame onl}^ as a polished gentleman, an eminent scholar, 



JOHN HAY 301 

a pleasing poet, the biographer and friend of Lincoln. As the 
corner-stone of his career was laid in those early days under the 
benign influence of the great war-president, so now the keystone, 
as well as the capstone, were raised in these latter years in the 
service of that other war-president, that other martyr, William 
McKinley. 

After his election President McKinley had to pay his politi- 
cal debts. Accordingly, in making up his Cabinet, he chose the 
aged Senator John Sherman for Secretary of State. John Hay, 
though said to be McKinley 's personal preference for head of the 
State Department, was given the next highest diplomatic post, the 
Ambassadorship to the Court of St. James. Much better, how- 
ever, that it was so, for he was thus afforded that experience of 
foreign affairs, that great, comprehensive world view, which 
could not have been gained in any other way and which made 
him all-powerful and all-conquering when he was finally called 
to the Cabinet. 

On the eve of John Hay's departure for England, which was 
set for April 14th, 1897, his brothers of Theta Delia Chi from 
New York and elsewhere arranged a farewell reception and ban- 
quet in his honor. The reception was held in the rooms of the 
Graduate Club of New York City on the afternoon of April 13th, 
and was followed by the banquet at the Holland House the same 
evening. Both functions were largely attended and were most 
enjoyable. The banquet in particular will be long remembered. 
Brother Hay's brief words of farewell on that occasion are worth 
repeating : 

"I think that our presiding oflacer has clearly shirked his duties and 
his respousibilities. I should have heen delio;hted to listen to a speech of 
an hour or two in praise of my own loveliness, if he had only indulged us 
that far, but as he has given me notice to be brief, and follow his example, 
I shall have to do it. 

"I came here from another imperative engagement, because I was 
anxious to see you all, if only for a moment, and to reinvigorate my some- 
what wasted energies by this bath of perpetual youth that one finds in 
Theta Delta Chi. I am very sorry, indeed, that I cannot spend the remain- 
der of the evening with you, as I should gladly do. I can only say 
'Hail !' and 'Farewell !* 

"It is always the greatest pleasure for me to be with the brethren 
under any circumstances. I shall be glad to remember in the coming 



302 THE SHIELD 

years, perhaps, that some of the last few moments which I passed in my 
own country were spent in the company of my brothers. 

"I had a delightful hour with you this afternoon, and I am glad once 
more to look into your faces, and to bid you farewell, health, happiness, 
and prosperity from the bottom of my heart." 

Some notable addresses were delivered that evening, but the 
most unique feature of the occasion was an "Ode to John Hay," 
composed and read hy Brother Webster R. Walkley, Omicron, 
'60. This was partly in the nature of a burlesque on John Hay's 
poems. "Jim Bludso" is the best and the second verse has been 
frequently quoted : 

"JIM BLUDSO." 

"Wall, no ! We can't tell whar he lives, 
Because we don't know, you see — 
Sometimes here and sometimes there ; 

He never tells you or me. 
Whar will yoti be for the next four year ? 

We've been hearin' some folks tell 
How Colonel Hay on the morrow day 

Will sail on the 'Ocean Belle.' 

They ain'r no saints — them 'Bassadors 

Is all pretty much alike. 
With eyes askance they watch their chance, 

Then boldly out they strike. 
A modost man in his ta k is Hay, 

And a careful man with his pen. 
But he never writes and he never speaks 

Till he has thunk his thought again." 

John Hay was warmly welcomed in L,ondon. His quiet, re- 
ticent, dignified bearing, his polish of manner and unvarying 
courtesy, impressed all with whom he came in contact. Also, 
his speeches were of the right sort — firm, virile, free from all sen- 
timental gush, 3'et graceful, pleasing, full of tact and common 
sense, they breathed a spirit of broad sympathy without fulsome 
flattery, and of fraternal good-will without sacrificing the Ameri- 
can ideal. But, as an English statesman said at the time, "That 
is not all. Hay knows exactly when to be silent, and his fine 
silence tells." He not only spoke well, but he spoke "not too 
ofteus ' ' Yet, he missed no fair opportunity for promoting friend- 
ly Anglo-American relations; and there can be no doubt that 



JOHN HA Y 303 

these timely and tactful utterances were powerful factors in secur- 
ing the good will of the English people when that good will was 
of prime importance to the United States. 

Thus Ambassador Hay was most emphatically persona grata 
to the British government. He formed close friendships with 
members of the Queen's Cabinet and through these confidential 
relations was able to gain from the English foreign ofl&ce a sort 
of "benevolent neutrality" towards the United States at the out- 
break of the war with Spain. Continental Europe was pretty 
generally against the United States and this hostility showed 
itself in attempts to form a coalition for the purpose of interven- 
ing in the struggle and bringing the war to a close. Serious 
complications might have arisen had not the British government 
interfered and warned the powers to keep hands off. 

During Mr. Hay's seventeen months residence in London he 
was busy taking observations of world politics. From his van- 
tage ground at a foreign court, outside of the smoke of battle in 
which his countrymen were enveloped, he saw clearly the trend 
of events and the rearrangement of forces. He saw what all 
Europe saw. but which few Americans at the time could see, that 
the United States had at one stroke cast off the bonds which con- 
fined her to the Western Hemisphere and to the old Jeffersonian 
policy of western seclusion, and was thenceforth a power to be 
reckoned within the councils of the nations. 

Possessing, then, this great world-view and the true per- 
spective which the United States must inevitably assume in it, 
John Hay was called home to direct the foreign afiairs of his gov- 
ernment. On September i6th, 1898, Secretary of State Day re- 
signed to accept the presidency of the American peace commis- 
sion, and on September 30 John Hay was sworn in as his suc- 
cessor, entering the Cabinet at the same age (60) at which 
Seward entered the Cabinet of Lincoln. 

At the outset Hay made an agreement with the President by 
which he was to have nothing whatever to do with the offices but 
should devote himself entirely to diplomacy. He wished to keep 
his hands free and to escape the annoyance of politicians and 
wire-pullers seeking to land their friends and favorites in posi- 
tions at the gift of the department. All this patronage was to 



304 THE SHIELD 

be dispensed by the President. A moment's thought will show 
how well matched were these two men. McKinley was, above 
all things, a skillful politician, a great party manager, with a 
faculty for comprehending the drift of public opinion that 
amounted almost to instinct. He was, however, not a great 
reader, and his experience of foreign affairs was small. Hay, 
on the other hand, read omnivorousl3^ was a deep thinker, and 
had a larger acquaintance of foreign affairs than any other Ameri- 
can of his time, or than any other Secretary of State before him, 
except John Quincy Adams. He possessed, therefore, just those 
qualities and that knowledge which the President lacked. The 
latter, in consequence, allowed him great latitude in foreign 
affairs and took upon himself the management of relations with 
Congress and with the American people. The plan worked 
admirably. 

Secretary Hay took office just as America was about to 
assume her new role in the diplomacy of the world. It was upon 
the eve of peace negotiations at Paris. Instructions had, of 
course, already been given the American envoys, but, just fresh 
from his observations at a foreign court, and possessing as he did 
a clear understanding of world conditions, the new vSecretary was 
able to give much valuable assistance to the commissioners during 
the course of the negotiations. It was his first important ofificial 
act to attach his signature to the treaty of peace. This established 
a new republic at our southern gates, transferred to the Ameri- 
can government the island of Porto Rico, and made the United 
States an Asiatic power by extending her sovereignty over the 
Philippine Archipelago six thousand miles distant in the China 
Sea. The trend of future events was now becoming plainly 
visible. Though the constitution might not follow the flag, yet 
diplomacy must. For good or for ill the United States had over- 
stepped her ancient natural boundaries and now found herself 
with new interests and new responsibilities far away on the other 
side of the world. 

In his treatment of the questions arising out of the war with 
Spain, and in his management of the international complications 
incident to the proposed Nicaragua canal, and to the South Afri- 
can war between Great Britain and the Boers, Secretary Hay 



JOHN HA Y 305 

"met each question as it arose, and while preserving the cher- 
ished traditions of the Republic, he paved the way for a broader 
comprehension of the duties of America, now first called upon to 
deal with questions of a larger nationality. " At home he firmly 
upheld the Monroe Doctrine. His earliest diplomatic experience, 
it will be recalled, had been in connection with the only serious 
breach of this doctrine in the history of our international rela- 
tions. That experience has taught him to see the vital bearing 
of this policy upon the peace and prosperity of the Western Hem- 
isphere, and made him a staunch supporter of it as the founda- 
tion of the American system of diplomacy. Abroad he observed 
Washington's injunction against foreign entanglements, but 
when foreign assistance might be of service in ameliorating the 
condition of down-trodden peoples or in promoting the welfare of 
humanity in general, he hesitated not to avail himself of it. 

Space will not permit a detailed description of the work of 
the State Department under the direction of Secretary Hay, but 
a brief catalogue of the most important achievements will give 
an idea of its scope and briUiancy. 

During the Boer War in 1899 he persuaded England to ac- 
cept a more liberal construction regarding foodstuffs as contra- 
band of war. 

Gained the "open door" in China ; that is, a ruling from 
the Chinese government that their ports should be open on equal 
terms to the commerce of all nations. 

Preserved single-handed the integrity of China at the time 
of the Boxer troubles in 1900. 

Negotiated a series of extradition treaties. 
Furthered the cause of international arbitration, first at The 
Hague Congress and then before The Hague Tribunal. One of 
the cases submitted for arbitration was the famous "Pious Fund" 
dispute and resulted in a decision favorable to the United States. 
Secured a satisfactory settlement of the Samoan question, so 
long a bone of contention between England, Germany and the 
United States. By this agreement we gained the island of 
Tutuila and its fine harbor without sacrificing our commercial 
rights in the other islands. Germany took the remainder of the 
group. England withdrew altogether. 



3o6 THE SHIELD 

Arranged a modus vivendi with Great Britain in regard to 
the disputed boundary line between Canada and Alaska ; and 
later negotiated a treaty for settling this dispute by a joint 
commission. 

Negotiated reciprocity treaties with France, Cuba, Argen- 
tina, Newfoundland and the British West Indies. 

Sent a note to the powers concerning the persecutions of the 
Jews in Roumania and obtained for the latter the rights guaran- 
teed to them by the treaty of Berlin. 

In 1 901 secured the settlement of long-standing claims against 
Turkey for outrages committed upon American missionaries. 

Induced the powers coercing Venezuela to submit their 
claims to The Hague Court of Arbitration ; and secured from 
Germany and other European powers a more emphatic recogni- 
tion of the Monroe Doctrine than had theretofore been possible. 

Secured the abrogation of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty and 
negotiated the Hay-Pauncefote treaty which gave to the United 
States a free hand in building and operating the isthmian canal. 

Negotiated a canal treaty wMth Colombia which, however, 
failed of ratification by the Colombian Congress. 

Recognized the independence of the new Republic of Panama 
and negotiated a canal treaty with that government \iy which 
the entire control of the canal strip was secured to the United 
States. 

Sent note to the Czar upon the condition of the Jews in 
Russia. 

At the outbreak of war between Russia and Japan he re- 
newed his efforts to maintain the integrity of China, and by his 
note of February, 1904, secured from the belligerants a pledge to 
confine their operations to Manchuria. 

In December, 1904, he addressed a note to the powers calling 
for another conference at The Hague looking to an extension of 
arbitration treaties. 

Many of these questions were without precedent in our his- 
tory. The ship of state was sailing upon unknown seas. The 
old channels and the old landmarks had been forever left behind. 
Only the stars above remained to guide— those bright stars of 
justice, of humanity, of fair dealing and of good will, which 



JOHN HAY 307 

never change. And no matter what the magnitude or the nature 
of the emergency, by these fixed stars the pilot ever firmly held 
his course. 

But the Secretary's greatest achievement, his master-stroke 
of diplomacy, and his surest claim to fame, was his preservation 
of the integrity of China at the time of the Boxer outbreak. No 
study of the life of John Hay can be complete without an under- 
standing of this great international crisis and John Hay's brilliant 
solution of it. 

The causes were both recondite and slow of growth. During 
the commercial depression preceding the presidential election of 
1896 the balance of trade had gone against the United States. 
Gold shipments were being made to Europe, and President 
Cleveland was compelled to issue bonds to maintain the treasury 
gold reserve required by law. But in March, 1897, during the 
first month of McKinley's administration, a remarkable reaction 
set in. Before the end of the month America was underselling 
Europe in steel, the current of exchanges was reversed, and al- 
most in a night the commercial center of the world had shifted 
from Loudon to New York and the latter had become the inter- 
national clearing house. Europe was alarmed at the impending 
industrial revolution and sought in every w^ay to protect herself. 
Industrial power depends primarily upon the country's deposits 
of coal and iron. In this respect America is almost without a 
rival ; England also is strong ; but Continental Europe is weak. 
France, Germany and Russia were, therefore, the most concerned 
over this threatening condition of affairs. The one remedy lay 
in territorial expansion wherever possible. The richest deposits 
of coal and iron now available are to be found in Manchuria and 
the northern provinces of China, particularlj' Shan-si, Ho-uan, 
and Chi-li. These lie near the coast and are easy of exploitation. 
Continental Europe turned her eyes longingly in this direction 
and only awaiLed a favorable opportunity for interfering in the 
affairs of China, with a view to effecting a partition, if possible, 
and securing these provinces for development. Were this once 
accomplished, nothing could hinder her from perfecting a plant 
which would undersell all rivals. 

With this object in view the leading European nations had 



3o8 THE SHIELD 

for some years been gradually establishing "zones of influence" 
through China in which each nation was becoming practically 
supreme. When Secretary Hay assumed control of the State 
Department he began an attack upon this system and finally got 
the powers to give their reluctant recognition to our treaty rights 
and to accede to the policy of the "open door" by which China 
was to grant equal commercial privileges to all nations alike. In 
this matter the United States, England and Japan stood pretty 
much together as opposed to Rus.sia, Germany and France. The 
powers offered their verbal consent but Secretary Hay wanted 
written assurances, and, after considerable difficulty, got them. 
However, the situation was only partly relieved. The 
powers remained as steadfast in their schemes of partition as ever 
before. Russia and Germany were particularly aggressive and 
by a long series of encroachments had placed themselves in a 
position from which it was but a step to complete sovereignty. 
These aggressions were bitterly resented by the Chinese people 
and filled them with the deepest hatred and distrust not only of 
the Germans and Russians but of all foreigners no matter of what 
nationality. This anti-foreign sentiment was fomented by local 
agitators and at last broke out into armed resistance. Crowds of 
infuriated fanatics paraded the streets. On June 20th, 1900, 
Baron Von Ketteler, the German Minister, was murdered in 
Pekin, and all the foreign legations were attacked. War seemed 
inevitable and in that event dismemberment of China was only a 
question of time. Then would come industrial development and 
the conflict with American industries. The only minister in the 
whole world who grasped the situation was John Hay. His con- 
ception and execution of an entirely new policy under untried 
conditions amounted to positive genius. An immediate decision 
must be made, and, once made, it would be final and irrevocable. 
"In the crisis of his life Mr. Hay was ready, and on his prompti- 
tude and efficiency at that moment must rest his highest claim to 
statesmanship, just as Sheridan's most famous exploit will always 
remain his ride from Winchester." Hay saw clearly that it 
Europe declared war against China the United States would lose 
control of the situation. Therefore, peace, or at least nominal 
peace, must be maintained at any price. Hay made up his mind 



JOHN HA Y 309 

at once, presented his plans to McKinley, and the latter promptly 
approved them. On July 3d, 1900, the Secretary issued his 
famous note to the powers in which he laid down the principle 
that the disorders in China had produced a condition of ' 'virtual 
anarchy, whereby power and responsibility were practically de- 
volved upon the local provincial authorities." These local vice- 
roys should be assisted in restoring order and so long as they 
themseves did not rebel, the United States, and indeed all the 
world, must remain at peace with China. This declaration came 
like a thunderclap to bewildered Europe but its logic was too 
forceful to be denied. 

The policy of our government, thus outlined, was at once 
put into effect. While Europe faltered, irresolute, the United 
States went straight ahead. A compact, well trained fighting 
force was landed on the coast and, under command of the in- 
trepid General Adna R. Chaffee, was ordered to move at once 
against Pekin. The object of our government was threefold : 
fiirst and foremost, we must at all hazards rescue our imperiled 
legation with its little garrison of American citizens ; second, we 
must get control of the situation before the European powers had 
time to intervene and before the German army under Waldersee 
could arrive ; and third, we could in this way best lend our sup- 
port and encouragement to the loyal viceroys who were now tha 
only barriers against complete disruption and anarchy. The 
move was a bold one and required not only the coolest judgment 
but the most consummate courage and daring. This, too, in the 
face of the fact that an English Admiral had already been repulsed 
and that the foreign ofScers on tbe spot, except the Japanese, 
thought that a large force would be necessary for a successful in- 
vasion. However, Secretary Hay never flinched. He was 
determined to advance even if we had to go alone. His instruc- 
tions were followed out to the letter and after a brisk campaign 
General Chaffee entered Pekin amid the acclamations and bene- 
dictions of the world. The struggling legations were rescued, 
the interrupted communications were once more restored, and the 
whole force of public opinion at home and abroad rallied to the 
support of the triumphant American Secretary in his spirited yet 
humane measures for the pacification and preservation of China. 



3IO THE SHIELD 

Thus fortified, Secretary Hay was able to devote all his energies 
to breaking up the concert of the powers. First one nation and 
then another was detached from the coalition until only England 
and Germany remained. England was practically helpless and 
was without a head. Germany soon saw that there was slim 
prospect of collecting a heavy indemnity and none whatever of 
permanent occupation. She therefore succumbed to the inevita- 
ble and reluctantly withdrew. The dream of European indus- 
trial expansion had vanished. American diplomacy reigned 
supreme. 

Mr. Hay's foreign policy is well exemplified by the foregoing 
incident. Forceful, direct, fearless and aggressive, it was at the 
same time inspired by lofty ideals and imbued with a broad hu- 
manity, a deep sympathy, a candid fairness and a remarkable 
forbearance. Secretary Hay himself has jestingly described his 
diplomacy as a combination of the Monroe Doctrine and the 
Golden Rule. The illustration is apt. It gives in a nutshell his 
intense Americanism and his practical Christianity ; the first a 
heritage from his patron saint, Abraham Lincoln, and the second 
an outgrowth of a soul as pure, as trustful, as sincere as a childs'. 
Eike his great prototype Gladstone in England, he ever strove, 
so far as practicable, to apply ethical principles to questions of 
state. Yet he was no visionary optimist, no poetic dreamer. 
Eminently practical in his mind and methods, he sought not the 
ideal best but the best attainable. He appreciated the limitations 
of a question and wasted no time nor energy in vain attempts to 
go beyond. He was as ready to recognize the rights of another 
nation as he was to insist upon the rights of our own. This 
spirit of frankness and fairness caused him to be trusted and re- 
spected in Europe and Asia as well as in America. Without 
guile and without deceit, it was absolutely impossible for him to 
father a policy that was anything else but true, straightforward, 
frank and open. His diplomacy has been called the "diplomacy 
of truth". That is true as far as it goes, but it must not be sup- 
posed that John Hay was distinguished above all his predecessors 
in this respect. A mere reference to the names of John Quincy 
Adams, Daniel Webster, and William H. Seward will show that 
the "diplomacy of truth" must have existed long before. But 



JOHN HAY 311 

what did characterize John Hay to a most extraordinary degree 
was his constructive genius and sagacious foresight. He was 
able to take in the present and the future in his unerring glance. 
He had the coup d'oeil which made Napoleon the lord of battles, 
Nelson the conqueror of the sea, Newton the master of science, 
Luther the invincible reformer, Goethe the dean of letters, and 
Cervantes the soul of wit. Coming to the Department of State 
when America was first called upon to take her stand in the 
world-councils of the nations, he was given full play for these re- 
markable talents ; and his own success, added to that of a victo- 
rious republic, gave him a preeminence of position and renown 
which has never before been equaled in the diplomatic history of 
our own country, and rarely in the history of the world. Such 
is the acclaim which greets him today. Whether posterity, with 
its truer view of the perspective, will grant him the same high 
place, time alone and the remorseless leveling of the years can 
tell ; but, like Lincoln, taken in the plentitude of his powers and 
fame, it is not too much to hope that the spontaneous and uni- 
versal judgment of the present will settle into the calm, fixed 
judgment of the future. 

On September 6th, 1901, for the third time in our history, a 
President of the United States was cut down by the hand of an 
assassin. While holding a public reception at the Pan-American 
Exposition at Buffalo, William McKinley was shot by an infa- 
mous wretch who pretended to be in the act of grasping his hand. 
For a week the President hovered between life and death, but on 
September 14th, at two o'clock in the morning, that pure, noble 
life went out. This sad event was a great blow to Johh Hay. 
Thirty-five years before, the friend of his youth had been assas- 
sinated. Twenty years before, the friend of his middle age, Gar- 
field, fell. And now the intimate friend of his later years suf- 
fered the same fate. 

Congress ordered that state services in memory of McKinley 
should be held at the Capitol and invited Mr. Hay to deliver the 
eulogy. February 27th, 1902, was the day appointed, and in 
the presence of President Roosevelt, Prince Henry of Prussia, 
who was visiting this country at the time, the Supreme Court, 
the Cabinet, the Senate and House of Representatives, the Diplo- 



312 THE SHIELD 

matic Corps, high officers of the army and navy, and other 
officials, Secretary Hay delivered a notable address upon the life 
and character of the lamented President. It was an address par- 
ticularly suited to the occasion — it was sane, it was just, it 
showed the man in his broadest proportions, in his noblest aspira- 
tions, it praised his high achievements without offence to politi- 
cal opponents, it extolled his virtues without undue laudation, 
and through it all there breathed a fine patriotism and a deep 
religious sentiment that was at once chastening and inspiring. In 
it Mr. Hay has pictured some events with which he himself was 
closely connected. Speaking of foreign relations, for instance, 
he says: 

"In dealing with foreign powers he (McKinley) will take rank with 
the greatest of our diplomatists. It was a world of which he had little 
special knowledge before coming to the Presidency. But his marvellous 
adaptability was in nothing more remarkable than in the firm grasp he im- 
mediately displayed in international relations When a sudden 

emergency declared itself, as in China, in a state of things of which our 
history furnished no precedent, and international law no safe and certain 
precept, he hesitated not a moment to take the course marked out for him 
by considerations of humanity and the national interests. Even while the 
legations were fighting for their lives against bands of infuriated fanatics, 
he decided that we were at peace with China ; and while that conclusion 
did not hinder him from taking the most energetic measures to rescue our 
imperilled citizens, it enabled him to maintain close and friendly relations 
with the wise and heroic viceroys of the south, whose resolute stand saved 
that ancient Empire from anarchy and spoliation. He disposed of every 
question as it arose with a promptness and clarity of vision that astonished 
his advisers, and he never had occasion to review a judgment or reverse a 
decision. 

"By patience, by firmness, by sheer reasonableness, he improved our 
understanding with all the great powers of the world and rightly gained 
the blessing which belongs to the peacemakers." 

Speaking of the new responsibilities which confronted 
America at the close of the Spanish war, he says : 

"Every young and growing people has to meet, at moments, the pro- 
blems of its destiny. Whether the question comes, as in Thebes, from a 
sphinx, symbol of the hostile forces of omnipotent nature, who punishes 
with instant death our failure to understand her meaning ; or whether it 
comes, as in Jerusalem, from the Lord of Hosts, who commands the build- 
ing of His temple, it comes always with the warning that the past is past, 



JOHN HAY 313 

and experience vain. "Your fathers, where are they ? and the prophets, 
do they live forever?" The fathers are dead ; the jjrophets are silent ; the 
questions are new, and have no answer but in time. 

"When the horny outside case which protects the infancy of a chrysalis 
nation suddenly bursts, and, in a single abrupt shock, it finds itself floating 
on wings which have not existed before, whose strength it has never tested, 
among dangers it cannot foresee and is without experience to measure, 
every motion is a problem, and every hesitation may be an error. The 
past gives no clue to the future. The fathers, where are they ? and the 
prophets, do they live forever ? We are ourselves the fathers ! We are 
ourselves the prophets ! The questions that are put to us we must answer 
without delay, without help — for the sphinx allows no one to pass." 

The address reaches its climax in a glow of purest patriotism, 
presenting in transfiguration the forms of our national trinity, 
the Father, the Savior, and the Augmenter of the Republic: 

"The moral value to a nation of a renown such as Washington's and 
Lincoln's and McKinley's is beyond all computation. No loftier ideal can 
be held up to the emulation of ingenuous youth. With such examples we 
cannot be wholly ignoble. Grateful as we may be for what they did, let 
us be still more grateful for what they were. While our daily being, our 
public policies, still feel the influence of their work, let us pray that in our 
spirits their lives may be voluble, calling us upward and onward. 

"There is not one of us but feels prouder of his native land because 
the august figure of Washington presided over its beginnings ; no one but 
vows it a tenderer love because Lincoln poi;red out his blood for it ; no 
one but must feel his devotion for his country renewed and kindled when 
he remembers how McKinley loved, revered, and served it, showed in his 
life how a citizen should live, and in his last hour taught us how a gentle- 
man could die." 

Thus ended what was, perhaps, Hay's greatest speech ; and 
in reading it one cannot resist the thought that, no less than Lin- 
coln, no less than McKinley, here also was one whose life was 
offered up as a sacrifice upon the altar of patriotic service and un- 
flinching devotion to duty. Feeling that his country had need 
of him, he banished all considerations of personal ease or com- 
for ; though far from well, he resisted all entreaties of his friends 
to leave his post ; though in failing strength, he dedicated him- 
self none the less to his task, and might have spoken with the 
words which the London "Spectator" puts into his mouth, ''Ave, 
Columbia imperatrix ! Moriturus te saluto I'' "Hail, imperial 
Columbia ! Dying I salute thee !" And then overtaxed nature 



314 THE SHIELD 

could bear no more ; her energies had been stretched to the limit 
of endurance ; there came a snap, and suddenlj'- the gravity of his 
condition flashed upon him. Mr. Hay sought relief in foreign 
travel. But it came too late ; a momentary gleam of hope, and 
then the dread summons ; before his family could say good bye 
his soul passed on to its Maker. 

John Hay was a Theta Delt. That is said with honest pride, 
but it is said with no spirit of boasting. Yet if there be honor in 
the life-long devotion of such a man as this, surely Theta Delta 
Chi can claim such honor. During his college days no one of 
that notably active and enthusiastic Zeta Charge was more active 
or more enthusiastic than he ; and the significance of this state- 
ment will be the more appreciated when we remember that the 
old Zeta of John Hay's time numbered such princely Theta 
Delts as Burdge, Stone, Bate, Simons, Noj-es, L^edwith, Carman 
and Pond. Hay found in the fraternity something worth serv- 
ing, something worth cherishing, something worth perpetuating. 
He gave to it his full devotion, the best offerings of his mind and 
and heart, and it is a source of no little satisfaction to know that 
the pen which became famous in "Castilian Da5's," in Abraham 
lyincoln, A History," and in its delineations of "Jim Bludso" 
and "Little Breeches," first courted the poetic muse in praise 
of Theta Delta Chi. His two songs, "The Hand's Warm 
Grasp," and " 'Tis Theta Delta Chi," are still sung with old 
time fervor about the fraternal hearth-fires. 

He himself has acknowledged the debt of gratitude he owed 
to Theta Delta Chi. In an address delivered at the installation 
banquet of the old Chi Deuteron Charge at the Shoreham Hotel, 
Washington, March 26th, 1896, he gave the heartiest expression 
to the value and reality of the fraternity in college and in after 
life, spoke of meeting with worthy brothers in all parts of the 
world and always finding them fine fellows, upright, earnest, 
sincere ; and then went on with a sort of biographical sketch of 
the various epochs of his own life, and after each one proclaimed 
thas he owed it all to Theta Delta Chi. 

His later devotion is shown by the lively interest which he 
always took in fraternal affairs. Though unable, in most cases, 
to attend the gatherings in person, there were yet few conven- 



JOHN HAY 315 

tions or banquets of importance to which he did not send some 
word of greeting. What will, however, stand out as one of the 
brightest and most memorable pages in our fraternity history 
was the Fifty-second Annual Convention held in Washington in 
February, igoo. At that time William McKinley was President 
of the United States and in his Cabinet were two Theta Belts. 
John Hay, Secretary of State, and John W. Griggs, Attorney 
General. This fact led the President to give a private reception 
to the members of the fraternity. The reception was held at the 
White House on the morning of February 23d and no brother 
who was fortunate enough to be present will ever forget it. A 
long line was formed, and one by one the brothers were intro- 
duced to the President, receiving from him a warm grasp of the 
hand and perhaps a word of greeting, and then passed on for a 
hearty grip from the Secretary of State and the Attorney General 
who stood at the President's left. It was a particularly pleasant 
affair and the President himself seemed to derive much satisfaction 
from it. During the banquet in the evening Mr. Griggs told the 
brothers that after the reception was over, President McKinley 
turned to him with the remark, "Griggs, there's material 
enough in that body of men to make a dozen cabinets like mine." 
The remark aroused great enthusiasm at the banquet, but it had 
a better effect than that, for deep down in his heart every brother 
felt enobled by it ; and through the years of our fraternity it 
should be handed on from class to class and from charge to charge 
as the tribute of the martyred President to Theta Delta Chi. 

Times change, leaders change. "Your fathers, where are 
they? and the prophets, do they Hve forever?" McKinley is 
gone, Hay is gone ; new prophets have come, and new issues. 
But there is one thing which lasts on and on, one thing which 
never changes, and that is the old-time manhood. The manhood 
of Washington was the manhood of Lincoln, and the manhood 
of Lincoln was the manhood of McKinley, the manhood of Mc- 
Kinley was the manhood of Hay, and to the farthest generations 
it will be the same manhood which shall rule our Republic, the 
same manhood which shall inspire and shape our policies, the 
same manhood which shall carry us through the crises of our 



3i6 THE SHIELD 

history and lead us on to fulfillment of the divine destiny which 
Almighty Providence has allotted us. 

Blessed are we to have had one of these prophets in our own 
brotherhood, heart of our hearts, flesh of our flesh. He has 
now passed on to the great Omega Charge, "but being dead 
he yet speaketh." He has left a memory which shall ever in- 
spire us, and an example which shall ever encourage us, if not, 
perhaps, to emulate what he did, yat to emulate what he 7vas. 
Our fraternity, too, should be dearer to us because he loved it, 
because he believed in it, and through the coming years we 
should the more earnestly strive to keep our bonds of friendship 
ever firm, to keep our ideals high and pure, and to realize the 
lines which John Hay, true friend, loyal brother, left us in bene- 
diction and farewell : — 

"Holy link that binds together, friends from every distant land, 
May we to keep thee pure, unsevered, ever lend a helping hand. 
And tho' the storm of life may rage, and present friends may die, 
Oh ! ever cherish with fond love our Theta Delta Chi. 








JOHN HAY IN COLLEGE. 
Taken while a student at Brown University 



JOHN HAY 317 

IN MEMORIAM 

JOHN HAY 

BY WILLIAM L. STONE. 

" When time with moss 
Shall overgrow his monumental stone, 
And crumble the pale marble into dust, 
His memory shall live ; his name shall shine 
On history's page." 

About the middle of the last century, John Hay, the son of 
a Scottish soldier who had taken service in the army of the 
Elector Palatine, emigrated with his four sons from the Rhenish 
Palatinate to America. Adam, one of these sons, had received 
a military training in Europe, and served with distinction in the 
War of Independence. He was a friend and associate of Wash- 
ington ; and one of the earliest recollections of his son, the late 
John Hay, of Springfield, 111., was of meeting the Commander- 
in-Chief on a country road ; of hearing him greet Adam Hay as 
an old comrade, and of receiving from the Father of his Country 
a friendly pat on the head. This John Hay was a man of large 
build ; and although of a quiet and peaceable disposition, mani- 
fested, on occasions, great strength of will and force of character. 
In illustration, becoming convinced, at the age of fifty-five, that 
a slave state was no place in which to establish a large family, 
he moved from Kentucky to Sangamon county, 111., all of his 
sons and daughters accompanying him except his eldest son, 
Charles. The latter studied medicine, and on receiving his 
degree removed to Salem, Ind. In 1831 he married a daughter 
of Rev. David A. Leonard, of Rhode Island, a man well known 
among his contemporaries for learning and eloquence, a graduate 
of Brown University in 1793, and the poet of his class. Ten 
years after his marriage. Dr. Hay removed to Warsaw, 111., and 
here he passed the rest of his long, useful and honored life. 

John Hay, the fourth son of Dr. Charles Hay, and the 
late Secretary of State, was born in Salem, Ind., Oct. 8th, 1838. 
His boyhood, as related on an earlier page, was passed in the 
West during that inchoate period "when the thin picket-line 



3i8 THE SHIELD 

of pioneer villages was followed by the organization of great 
towns, and when all the initial steps of local self-government 
were of foremost interest." When the time came for the 
selection of a college, it is not strange that Hay — influenced, 
undoubtedly, by the fact that Providence, R. I., had been the 
early home of his mother and Brown University the Alma 
Mater of his maternal grandfather — made choice of that col- 
lege. He, therefore, entered "Brown," and at once took 
high rank as a writer. This was evident, not only from his 
essays in the departments of rhetoric and the various sciences 
— in short, in all those studies in which good writing subjoined 
to a thorough knowledge of the subject is required — but from 
the fact that whenever an}' thing above the ordinary was needed 
in the way of composition, his services were at once drawn upon. 
This, too, was the more noticeable when it is recalled that the 
class of which he was a member was made up of an unusual 
number of brilliant men, excelling especially in composition, and 
many of whom have since become eminent in different walks of 
life, particularly that of journalism. His class poem delivered 
in 1858, before an audience composed chiefly of highly cultivated 
and beautiful women — Hay was always a great favorite with the 
ladies — is a model of its kind. The closing lines of this poem (to 
my mind the quintessence of health}' sentiment), is such an ex- 
quisite gem that the readers of the Shield will thank me for re- 
producing them in this connection : 

"Our words may uot float down the surging ages, 

As Hindoo lamps adown the sacred stream ; 
We may not stand sublime on history's pages, 

The bright ideals of the future's dream ; 
Yet we may all strive for the goal assigned us, 

Glad if we win, and happy if we fail ; 
Work calmly on, nor care to leave behind us, 

The lurid glaring of the meteor's trail. 
As we go forth, the smiling world before us 

Shouts to our youth the old inspiring tune ; 
The same blue sky is bending o'er us. 

The green earth sparkles in the joy of June, 
Where'er afar the beck of fate shall call us, 

'Mid winter's boreal chill or summer's blaze, 



JOHN HAY 319 

Fond memory's chain of flowers shall still enthrall us, 
Wreathed by the spirits of these vanished days. 

Our hearts shall bear them safe through life's commotion, 
Their fading gleam shall light us to our graves; 

As in the shell the memories of ocean 

Murmur forever of the sounding waves."* 

Brother Hay, during his college career, was, like his favorite 
poet. Shelly, of a singularly modest and retiring disposition ; but 
withal, of so winning a manner that no one could be in his pres- 
ence, even for a few moments, without falling under the spell 
which his conversation and companionship invariably cast upon 
all who came within its influence. He was, indeed, to his little 
circle of intimates, a young Dr. Johnson without his boorishness, 
or a Dr. Goldsmith without his frivolity. 

Upon his first entering the University, the intellectual 
bullies of his class, mistaking these traits for weakness, were 
disposed to look down upon the newly entered collegian from 
Illinois. It was but a little while, however, when his sterling 
worth gave them pause ; nor had he been long matriculated 
before Brothers Burdge and Simons, looking deeper into char- 
acter, saw in him the future development of a strong nature. 
Accordingly, they made it their study to place before Hay the 
great advantages over all other societies which were to be found 
under the protecting segis of the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity ! 
Their arguments proved so convincing that, Hay having given 
his consent, an evening was set for his initiation. Nor was it 
a slight compliment, on Hay's part, to throw in his lot with us ; 
for by this time the other Greek-letter societies had seen their 
mistake and had made most extraordinary efforts to capture 
him. But it was of no avail. Hay had pledged himself to us ! 
A victory, however, so glorious, must, forsooth, be celebrated 
with more than usual ceremony. Accordingly, Tufts, being the 
nearest college — Harvard had just broken up all secret societies — 
was written to for a delegation to aid in this august initiation. 
Our appeal was immediately and most enthusiastically responded 
to ; and Brothers Winsor B. French and Vernon O. Taylor came 

*When it is remembered that the writer of these lines was at this time 
scarcely twenty years of age, the maturity of thought, as well as the 
felicity of expression — illustrated especially in the exquisite and original 
imagery of the last two lines — is simply remarkable ! 



320 THE SHIELD 

over, as did also Alexander Iv. Holley (who had already become 
famous), from New York, to grace the occasion by his presence. 
Burdge was the Grand Inquisitor ; and Pond, Bate, Ledwith — 
since Governor of Florida — Carman, the late McWalter B. Noyes 
and Reading Wood, Carr, Merriam, Lyman, Spooner, Manches- 
ter and myself were among the Fa7)iiliars. The Initiation went 
off well, and was supplemented by a right royal Theta Delt 
supper at the "What-Cheer"; in the course of which Pond and 
French made their happiest after-dinner speeches ("Our own 
Chauncey" never equalled them !); and Hay, now "Brother 
Hay," responded in such a manner as to make the temperature 
regarding our neophyte — already high — rise many degrees 
higher ! The next morning imagine the horror (yes, that word 
exactly expresses it), of the members of the rival fraternities 
when they saw Hay come into chapel, escorted by Burdge and 
myself, wearing the Shield with the emblematical letters (9 zJ X 
emblazoned upon its sable field ! Notwithstanding the awful 
presence of President Wayland and the august Professors, an 
universal and audible howl went up from the opposition, which 
evoked a corresponding cheer from our side. The triumph was 
complete ; and Dr. Wayland, pushing his spectacles up from his 
nose onto his brow, was constrained to stand some moments 
until the commotion had subsided, before offering up his inter- 
rupted orisons. Whether he afterward enquired of the Faculty 
who that youngster was who had raised such a remarkable 
"row," I know not. The probability, however, is that his ques- 
tion was answered to his fullest satisfaction ! Unfortunately, 
Dr. Wayland soon after resigning, Brother Hay was deprived of 
his masterly teachings; but had he been under him, the in- 
structor would have found that the pupil was none the less faith- 
ful in the performance of his scholastic duties for his initiation 
into a college secret society ! 

The result fully justified the judgment of Brothers Burdge 
and Simons. During his entire college life the stand in scholar- 
ship taken by Brother Hay among his classmates was. as before 
hinted, of a high order. Nor did his industry (although his 
ability rendered that habit of less value to him than to others), 
prevent his giving friendly aid to members of his class not so 



JOHN HAY 321 

gifted. Brother Hay was for some ten months my chum and 
bed-fellow ; and often, after returning from a party late at night, 
when it was "odds with morning which was which," I have 
found him sitting up writing out a Latin or a French exercise 
for some class-mate whose intellectual furnishment was not ot 
the highest order. 

While in college, Brother Hay was an enthusiastic Theta 
Delt. He soon became universally beloved by the members of 
his chapter, who elected him presiding officer in the beginning 
of his Senior Year. He also composed several songs for the 
Fraternity, one of which closes with those lines sung with so 
much effect at every Reunion, but especially at the memorable 
one of 1870 : 

"And if, perchance, one sadder line 

May mingle with the strain, 

For those, the lost, whose loving voice 

We ne'er shall hear again ; 

Let this rejoice the heavy heart. 

And light the dimming eye ; 

The Gates of Eden are not closed 

To Theta Delta Chi!" 

Neither was this enthusiasm laid aside with the Commence- 
ment gown. Although college halls have long ceased to echo 
his foot-steps, his memories of Theta Delta Chi are still green. 
Thus, on two occasions, while private secretary to the President, 
he was the means of rescuing members of the Fraternity from 
ignominous deaths. The first of these instances was told by 
Brother Gilbert in his admirable "Reminiscences" in the Shield 
for September, 1889. The second was his well known agency 
in the case of another Confederate brother, who, by a misunder- 
standing, was supposed to have broken his parole. He was 
taken, among others of Morgan's guerillas, and would have 
been executed, had not the findings of the court-martial, for- 
warded to President lyincoln for his approval, passed through 
Hay's hands. Seeing who it was that was in such a predica- 
ment, he at once went to the President and obtained the brother's 
pardon. Hay's attachment to the Fraternity is further illustrated 
by the fact of his securing, while Assistant Secretary of State, the 
appointment of Rev. McWalter B. Noyes to a consulship at 



322 



THE SHIELD 



Venice. Moreover, in Hay's case, coelum no7i animum, mutant, 
qzii trans mare currunt. While he was Secretary of Legation at 
Madrid, amid the cares of ofl&ce and beset by the many divertise- 
ments incident to the gaieties of that brilliant capital, he found 
time to write me the following cordial letter in response to my 
invitation to send over a poem to be read at the great Convention 
Dinner of 1870, at the Astor House. New York City : 

"Legation of the United States of America, \ 
Madrid, Jan. 31, 1870. i 

My Dear Old Boy : 

* * * I am sorry about the poem. I am sure you would laugh if 
yon knew how often I have tried, without making a rime. I have 
treated the Muse so shabbily that she stopped visiting me years ago, and 
I never expect to meet her again. f 

I wish your reunion abundant and merited success. Tell the boys I 
shall be with them in spirit. 

Yours fraternally and affectionately, 

John Hay." 

Brother Hay has, likewise, shown his loyalty to Theta 
Delta Chi on other occasions. While editor-in-chief of the New 
York Tribune, Theta Delts, rudely jostled in life's struggle, 
found in him a steadfast friend. He not only, when it was pos- 
sible, gave them employment, but if this were not practicable on 
account of unfitness, he by his purse, aided them until they 
found some situation better suited to their abilities. 

Brother Hay, though generally reticent to the outside 
world, was always glad to receive a call from a Theta Delt. An 
instance in point came under my observation some time ago. A 
gentleman called upon him and sent up his card. He has very 
little spare time ; and he had accordingly said to the servant, 
"I cannot see him," when chancing to glance at the card and 
observing the mystical letters appended to the end of the visitor's 
name, he recalled the servant and said, "Show the gentleman 
in." The visitor afterward told me that in all his life he had 
never had such a delightful call. I am aware that it has been 
said that Hay was not easy of access to the members of the 
Fraternity ; but, believe me, when they say this, they either tell 



tHay, however, afterward woed the Spirit of Poesy with more success, as witness 
his "Pike County Ballads," published in 1871 ! 



JOHN HAY 323 

an untruth or have rudely presumed upon his privacy. Brother 
Hay was, for manj' years before his death, not a well man ; and 
often he was forced to deny himself to his most intimate friends ; 
but I reiterate, that any Theta Delt, who called under proper 
circumstances, was, if Hay was well, always cordially received. 

It remains only to speak of Colonel Hay's literary labors. 
Addison and Irving are justly considered the sweetest and best 
writers of English prose. But, speaking for myself, I should 
add to those two the name of Hay. In his writings he is not 
only the equal of the former for purity of style (and even that 
fastidious critic, Bishop Hurd, Addison's commentator, were he 
living, would fain admit this), but in Doric simplicity, and 
beauty and felicity of expression, I consider him the superior of 
the latter. Take, for instance, his "Castilian Days," devoted to 
studies of Spanish life and character. Nowhere shall one find 
this work excelled in all that goes to the making of English 
"pure and undefiled." His papers in that volume, especially 
those entitled, "An Hour with the Painters," "Proverbial 
Philosophy," "The Cradle and Grave of Cervantes," "Spanish 
Living and Dying," "An Evening with Ghosts," and "A Field 
Night in the Cortes," are models ; and might with advantage be 
introduced, as a text-book, in our colleges, as an example of 
perspicuous, nervous and manly English. In the chapters, 
"Spanish Eiving and Dying" and "An Hour with the Painters," 
his trenchant criticism, like a keen Toledo blade, taken, per- 
chance, from one of those old Moorish castles that he visited, 
cuts, "clean through," even as Saladin's Damascus scimitar 
divided the silk handkerchief thrown into the air by Richard of 
England ; and all the follies and licentiousness of the nobility 
and the clerg}^, as well as the simplicity and charming character- 
istics of the peasantry and the middle classes, stand out clearly 
under the focussed light of his mental camera. The truth of the 
above remarks will, however, be better appreciated by one or 
two extracts from the work itself. 

When, for example, the author would show the systematic 
moral poisoning of the minds of the Spanish women by the 
priests, in the essay on "Spanish Living and Dying," he says : 



324 THE SHIELD 

"The piety of the Spanish women does not prevent them from seeing- 
some things clearly enough with their bright eyes. One of the most 
bigoted women in Spain recently said : 'I hesitate to let my child go to 
confession. The priests ask young girls such infamous questions, that 
my cheeks burn when I think of them after all these years.' I stood one 
Christmas eve in the cold midnight wind, waiting for the church doors to 
open for the night mass, the famous niisa del ^allo. On the steps beside 
me sat a decent old woman with her two daughters. At last, she rose and 
said : 'Girls, it is no use waiting any longer. The priests won't leave their 
housekeepers this cold night to save anybody's soul.' In these two cases, 
taken from the two extremes of the Catholic society, there was no disre- 
spect for the church or for religion. Both these women believed with a 
blind faith. But they could not help seeing how unclean were the hands 
that dispensed the bread of life. ' ' 

Again, in "The Cradle and Grave of Cervantes," what a 
clear glimpse is given of Spanish politics, when, after a chance 
encounter with a Spanish Republican in the streets of Alcala, 
he soliloquizes as follovvS : 

"Go your ways, radical brother. You are not so courteous nor so 
learned as the rector. But this peninsula has need of men like you. 
The ages of belief have done their work for good and ill. Let us have 
some years of the spirit that denies, and asks for proofs. The power of 
the monk is broken, but the work is not yet done. The convents have 
been turned into barracks, which is no improvement. The ringing of 
spurs in the streets of Alcala is no better than the rustling of the sandalled 
friars. If this Republican party of yours cannot do something to save 
Spain from the triple curse of crown, crozier and sabre, then Spain is in 
doleful case. They are at least divided, and the first two have been sorely 
weakened in detail. The last should be the easiest work." 

And once more: In "An Evening with Ghosts," by a 
few masterl}' strokes, he lays bare the grossness of Spanish 
superstition at the Court of Madrid at the present day. Here is 
the passage : 

"Never, in all the darkest periods of Spanish history, was the reign 
of superstition so absolute and tyrannical as in the Alcazar of Madrid 
during the later years of Isabel of Bourbon. Her most trusted spiritual 
guides and counsellors were the Padre Claret and Sor Patrocinio de las 
lylagas— the 'Bleeding Nun.' This worthy lady used to bring the most 
astonishing stories of her nights' adventures to the breakfast table. It 
was a common occurrence for his Satanic Highness to come swooping 
down to her cell and to give her an airing, on his bat-like wings, above 
the house-tops of the capital. She had miraculous fountains continually 



JOHN HA Y 325 

open in her legs (if the word be lawful),* which bled without pain or 
disease. Her principal duty in the Palace was to sanctify by a day's 
wearing the intimate linen destined to the use of her pious mistress and 
friend. Thus consecrated, the garments became a mystic panoply, which 
would keep away all iniirmity and sin, if anything could !" 

One of the best descriptions in the book is "A Field Night 
in the Cortes," which is fully equal to, if, indeed, it does not sur- 
pass, "A Field Night in the House of Commons," written, some 
years since, for the Atlantic Mo7ithly , by the late Professor Francis 
Way land, a son of the late President of "Brown." 

Upon first entering this august body, the President of the 
Council is seen seated at the head of the Ministerial Board — a 
slight, dark man, with a grav'e, thin whiskered face, and wear- 
ing serious black clothes. He holds in his dark gloved hands a 
little black-and-silver cane, and looks, for all the world, as the 
author says, "like a pious and sympathizing undertaker." This 
little, insignificant "undertaker," however, is no less a person- 
age than Don Juan Prim — otherwise known as Count of Reus 
and the Marquis of Castillejos — the Minister of War and the Cap- 
tain-General of the Armies of Spain ! 

To have the proceedings of this particular night fully under- 
stood, it becomes necessary for the relator to tell all that is re- 
quired to be known of contemporary public events ; while, as to 
the chief actors in the debates, the writer must give such a detail 
of their daily habits and pursuits, and such a view of moral, in- 
tellectual and military peculiarities as to bring them before the 
reader as they thought, reasoned and acted. Of what stuff were 
the members made? What were their individual idiosyncrasies, 
and the modes of their manifestation ? In answering these ques- 
tions, the difiiculty lies in preserving throughout such a subordi- 
nation of incident to character as to prevent the reader from los- 



*When Hay wrote the above he probably had in his mind the following anec- 
dote: When the young Queen of Philip IV. of Spain was on her wa}' to Madrid to meet 
a husband, whom she had married without ever having seen him, she passed through a 
little town in Spain famous for its manufactures of gloves and stockings. The 
magistrates of the place thought they could not better express their joy on the arrival 
of their new Queen than by presenting her with a sample of those manufactures for 
which their town was so celebrated. The Major Dorao, who escorted the Princess, 
received the gloves very graciously ; but when the stockings were presented, he flung 
them away with great indignation, and severely reprimanded the magistrates for having 
been guilty of the egregious indecorum and indecency of offering such a present. "A'wozc,'' 
said he, 'V/za/ a Queen of Spain has no legs /" 



326 THE SHIELD 

ing sight of the men iu the events with which they were con- 
nected. For this to be properly done, a union of the distinctive 
characteristics of annals, biography and history was required ; 
and the failure to do this has been the rock upon which so many 
writers have been wrecked. Colonel Hay has happily escaped 
this calamity ; and in the picture which he has drawn of the bril- 
liant array of debaters, all public and private incidents are suc- 
cessfully blended in one harmonious whole. 

Indeed, as all these genre pen-pictures pass before us, we 
fancy ourselves, for the nonce, in very truth Spaniards. Not as 
strangers, but to the manor born, we wander dreamily through 
Moorish Halls and Moslem Temples ; we meet in every street the 
red bonnet and sandalled feet of the Catalan, and admire the 
flexible figures and graceful bearing of the high born dames of 
Castile ; we partake of the peasants' podrida at the noon-tide 
meal beneath the shade of the olives ; we become Spanish gal- 
lants, serenading with our guitar, under the pale moonlight, 
dark-eyed Senoritas ; we instinctively recoil from the atrocious 
cruelty of the bedizened matadors, and wish that, as in old Ro- 
man days, we could, for the bulls' and the horses' sakes, turn 
our thumbs down ; we fight duels wondering why we fight them ; 
we count our beads and invoke our patron saints believing it to 
be our duty — in short, we live Spaniards : we die Spaniards ! 

This power of reproducing past scenes vividly before a read- 
er's eye, is considered one of the tests of good writing ; and as he 
is accounted a fine painter upon whose canvas the spectator 
fancies he sees depicted a veritable natural landscape, so, in 
word-painting, the effect produced should be of a similar nature. 

We part with this work with but one regret, namely : that 
the author should have made scarcely any mention of the inqui- 
sition and of its baleful effects upon Spanish character. There 
is no historical scholar who is not aware that the Holy Ofiice 
kept the Spanish mind in the cold, black darkness of Mediaeval- 
ism long after the glorious light of the Renaissance had illumined 
the other nations of Europe — that, in fact, to that dread Tribunal 
is to be attributed the rapid decay, or rather, the complete arrest, 
of Spanish civilization. Hence, for him, the subject is one of ab- 
sorbing interest. The reason for this omission, we suppose, is 



JOHN HA Y 327 

that the theme was thought too hackneyed. Still, it were to be 
wished that a chapter, at least, had been devoted to it ; for no 
topic handled by Hay could, by any possibility, be "hackneyed"; 
and had he adopted the same method of treatment regarding the 
Inquisition that he has followed when referring to other features 
of Spanish life, the reader would have been presented with a 
picture to hang in his mental gallery, equal in its sharp lines and 
richness of coloring to those the author has drawn of a Bull- 
Fight, The Bourbon Duel, and the Spanish School of Painting. 
Finally : In these sketches, which show wonderful keenness of 
observation, there is nothing savoring of "padding." Many of 
the incidents not only are entirely new, but serve to illustrate, 
pointedly, some trait in the character of the people of whom they 
are narrated. 

Colonel Hay's "History of the Administration of Abraham 
Lincoln," to which I have before alluded, written, in connection 
with his friend, Nicolay, is destined to take its place as the life 
of one who was next to Washington— if, indeed, not his equal. 
It will, I think, rank among the first of American biographies, 
taking the same place in the public estimation as that of Chief 
Justice Marshall's life of the first President. A portion of it is 
written in Hay's inimitable style— perspicuous, graphic and 
truthful— and it must ever remain a monument, not only of his- 
torical value, but of a loving tribute to a truly great man. 

Regarding Hay as a poet : his "Pike County Ballads," de- 
picting a peculiar phase of Western civilization, and published 
some years since, gave promise of its author eventually attaining 
a high rank in that department of letters ; and to his friends, it 
has always been a source of much disappointment that he did not 
woo the Muse more zealously. Hay's faculty of rapid composi- 
tion was simply marvellous, and would scarcely be believed, even 
by myself, had I not repeatedly witnessed it. I recall an in- 
stance in point. One evening, shortly before the close of the 
term which was to conclude Hay's college life, I had gone to bed, 
but was not asleep, when Hay entered our room. To my re- 
mark, "Hay, we have not now long to be together, and I wish 
you would write something for me to keep," he drew toward him 
a sheet of paper, lying on the table, and without any hesitation 



328 THE SHIELD 

rapidly wrote oflf four stanzas which I consider — even now that I 
have come to mature age and judgment — one of the most charm- 
ing odes I have ever read. It was entitled "My Dream ;" and 
in the rhythm of its numbers and the beauty of its diction it more 
than equalled the verse of some of our more pretentious poets. 
For many years I prized it as a most precious memento, and I 
should have sent it to the Shield long since, had not its author 
— thinking it crude — earnestly requested me to give it back. In 
this estimate I differed entirely from him ; but, of course, I re- 
spected his feelings in the matter, and complied with his wishes. 
There were, however, some stanzas, written in college, which 
I preserved, out of an unpublished play of Hay's entitled "Te- 
cumseh, a Tragedy in Five Acts." As Hay did not interdict me 
from publishing them, I now incorporate them in the present 
tribute. Perhaps my fondness for my friend biases my opinion ; 
but, it does seem to me that these verses are the very quintes- 
cence of genuiyie poetry, and, as I have before remarked in re- 
gard to other contributions from his Muse, I send these to show 
to all my and his brothers of the Zeta how amazing was his poet- 
ical genius ! These verses are supposed to be an appeal by an 
Indian lover to his betrothed. 

I 
"Come forth and go with me, my love, 
Through the starlit hours of night, 
While the still, sad moon from the vault above, 

Sheds down her mellowed light. 
Not a sound on the sleeping earth is heard. 

But ever the soughing breeze 
Rocks to repose the wearied bird 
In the top of the rustling trees. 



'I know where the crimson prairie-cup springs. 

And the blue-bell hangs its head ; 
Where the breeze to the queenly tulip sings, 

And the modest violets spread ; 
Where purpling rich through the vine leaves green. 

The full grape clusters shine ; 
And, brightening the grass with its coral sheen 

Runs the wild strawberry vine. 



JOHN HA Y 329 



"My arrow shall probe the thicket's shade 

To gain the choicest food ; 
The deer shall bleed in the open glade, 

The panther in the wood. 
The eagle's plume will my right arm gain 

Thy raven hair to deck. 
From the ring-dove's nest will I weave a chain, 

To bind around thy neck. 

IV 

"And when the moon sheds her amber light, 

I shall take my light canoe. 
While the cold calm stars keep their vigils bright 

We'll glide ore the lakelet blue. 
But, a roseate streak of light appears 

At the orient gates of Day. 
So banish, my love, all idle fears 

And haste to my bower away. ' ' 

Another gem, which will subdue every reader, is his sweet 
and sombre "Stirrup-Cup," running as follows : 
My short and happy day is done. 
The long and lonely night comes on, 
And at my door the pale horse stands 
To carry ine to unknown lands. 

His whinny shrill, his pawing hoof, 
Sound dreadful as a gathering storm 

And I must leave this sheltering roof 
And joys of life so soft and warm. 

Tender and warm the joys of life — 

Good friends, the faithful and the true ; 

My rosy children and my wife, 
So sweet to kiss, so fair to view. — 

So sweet to kiss, so fair to view ; 
The night comes on, the lights burn blue ; 
And at my door the pale horse stands 
To bear me forth to unknown lands. 

Regarding his after career — his Embassay to England — rep- 
resenting the United States at the Court of St. James, and his 
ofiSce of Secretary of State under Presidents McKinley and 
Roosevelt — as well as his matchless diplomacy during the Boxer 
troubles, and his successful demand for the "open door," there 



330 THE SHIELD 

is no need to speak as these events are of so recent a date as to 
be in the minds of all ; but, I think it will be admitted by all, 
irrespective of political opinion that our brother, John Hay, has 
been the greatest Secretary of State that our Country ever had — 
not even excepting Adams, Clay, Webster, Marcy and Seward ! 
Nor, need I speak at length of his man}^ eloquent addresses — thus, 
for instance, as the one on his dear personal friend, McKinley, 
the one at the St. Louis Exposition, and those on several other 
recent occasions — all of which are, also, too fresh in the public 
memory not to be at once recalled. 

It is my impression also, that the beginning of our dear 
brother's physical ailements which eventually terminated in his 
death when scarcely past his prime, was, unquestionably, the sad 
and sudden death of his son, Adelbert, in July, 1901, (to which 
I have already alluded) in whose diplomatic career — just begin- 
ning — he took such pride. At least, I should so judge, by the 
following letter to me, written in reply to my letter of sympathy, 
and a portion of which is here given : 

Washington, D. C. , July 10, 1901. 
Dear Stone : 

I received your letter and your postal card. * * * i thank you for 
your kind words. I cannot talk about my boy. 

Yours faithfully, 

John Hay. 

Again, I think that, even a few months before his death he 
had a premonition that his stay with us was short. I am in- 
clined to believe this not only b}' reading between the lines of our 
correspondence for the last two 3^ears, but from the following 
letter which, under a sense of humor, which John ever had, 
shows, clearly, how his mind ran. Here is the letter : 

Washington, D. C. , November 3, 1904. 
My dear Stone : 

On account of my being confined to my room with a slight cold, the 
speeches went off without my name ; but I send you some as you request. 
* * * Do not talk about anything so ridiculous as my being a candidate 
for the Presidency. I shall never hold any office after this ; and I expect 
to be comfortably dead by 1908. 

vSincerely yours. 

John Hay. 
Col. Wm. L. Stone, Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 



JOHN HAY 331 

A further missive, that well illustrates our sanctified brother's 
grace of modesty, and also serves to indicate his feeling for and 
interest in Theta Delta Chi in after life, is the letter in which he 
acknowledges to the present author, the receipt of Volume VII, 
No. 4 of the Shield, containing a prior personal biography by 
his correspondent. It runs as follows : 

Washington, December 20, 1890. 
My dear Stone : 

I have received your etter and the Shikld, and have been too much 
employed at blushing at the praise of my own loveliness to answer. I cer- 
tainly cannot remember that I was ever so fine a fellow as you make me 
out ; and now, in my sere and yellow leaf it will be hard to recognize the 
fresh youth you paint. But no sitter ever seriously complains that his ar- 
tist has made him too prepossessing, and so I can only thank you most 
heartily if your affectionate good will has warped your usually sound 
judgment in this matter. * * * I was particularly interested in your 
oration in the same number, and touched as well as pleased with your allu- 
sion to Noyes. (Rev. McWalter B., Zeta, '58, died in Italy in 1886.) 
His was a spirit of rare purity and charm. 

I always wonder how, in your busy life, you are able to know and re- 
member so much about the men of our little Brotherhood. But a warm 
heart, like yours, is a great stimulant to an active brain. 

Yours faithfully, 

John Hay. 

In conclusion : As a dear friend and brother, as his chum 
and bed-fellow in college, with all the intimacy those terms im- 
ply, and having had exceptional opportunities of knowing his 
life since he left college, I may say of him as Horace wrote of his 
friend, Fuscus : 

"Integer vitae scelerisque purus 
Non eget Mauris jaculis nee arcu." 

Or, as lyord Lytton has gracefully rendered it : 
"He whose life hath no flaw, pure from guile, need not borrow 
Or the bow or the darts of the Moor, O my Fuscus ; 
He relies for defence on no quiver that teems with poison steept arrows." 








n 



D 



JOHN HAY, Secretary of State of the United States, 
died July i. His death, a crushing sorrow to his 
friends, is to the President of this country a national 
bereavement, and in additton it is a serious loss to man- 
kind, for to him it was given to stand as a leader in the 
effort to better world conditions by striving to advance 
the cause of international peace and justice. 

He entered the public service as the trusted and 
intimate companion of Abraham I.,incoln, and for well 
nigh forty years he served his country with loyal devo- 
tion and hish ability in many positions of honor and 
trust ; and finally he crowned his lifework by serving as 
Secretarj- of the .State with such farsightedness of the 
future and such loyalty to lofty ideas as to confer last- 
ing benefits not onlj' upon our own country, but upon 
all the nations of the earth. As a suitable expression 
of national mourning, I direct that the diplomatic 
representatives of the United States in all foreign 
countries display the flags over their embassies and 
legations at half-mast for ten days; that for a like 
period the flag of the United States be displayed at 
half-mast at all forts and military posts and at all 
naval stations, and on all vessels of the United States. 

I further order that on the day of the funeral the 
executive department ■. in the citv of Washington be 
closed and that on all the public buildings throughout 
the United States the national flag be displayed at 
half-mast. 

DONE at the city of Washington this 3d day of July, 
A. D., igo5, and of the independence of the United 
States theone hundred and twenty-ninth. 



n 



/^« 



Bv the President 



Herbert H. D. Pierce, 

Acting Secretary of Stale. 



THE TRIBUTE OF THE NATIONS TO JOHN HAY 

The high esteem in which Secretary Hay was universally 
held at home and abroad, was manifested by the messages which 
were received by the government and by Mrs. Hay at the time of 
his death. They came from sovereigns, from foreign offices, 
from officials in the diplomatic service, and from men in public 
and private life throughout this country. A great majority of 
the telegrams from the last named were addressed direct to Mrs. 
Hay, but those of the former class were sent through diplomatic 
channels to the State Department. Some of these are given 
herewith. 

The first cablegram of condolence received by President 
Roosevelt from a foreign ruler regarding Mr. Hay's death came 
from King Edward, as follows : 

"L,ONDON, JUI,Y I. 

"To THE President: 

"I beg to offer the expressions of my deepest sympathy on the occa- 
sion of the death of your distinguished Secretary of State, Mr. Hay, whom 
I had the pleasure of seeing very recently. His loss to the great country 
over which you preside will be a national one. 

(Signed) "Edward R." 

To this message the President responded as follows : 

"OvsTER Bay, N. Y., July i, 1905. 
"To His Majesty, King Edward VII, London, Engi^and : 

"Pray accept my hearty thanks for the expression of your sympathy 
in what is a national bereavement. 

(Signed) "Theodore Roosevelt." 

The Emperor of Japan sent the following cablegram to the 
President : 

I learned with deep sorrow of the death of Mr. Hay, Secretary of 
State. His eminent services in the interest of peace and good relations 
between nations renders his death a great loss not only to his own country, 
but to the world at large. I tender to you and Mrs. Hay my sincere con- 
dolence. 

The Emperor instructed the minister for foreign affairs to 
transmit a personal message from the Emperor to Mrs. Hay, 



334 THE SHIELD 

Minister Takahira also received instructions to send a wreath, 
in the name of the Japanese government, to Cleveland on the 
occasion of Mr. Hay's funeral. The wreath was presented by 
Mr. Hioki, the first secretary. 

FROM SOUTH AMERICAN REPUBLICS 

Among other messages addressed to the President are the 
following : 

PVom President Estrada Palma, of Cuba : 

Will your excellency receive sincere sympathy in view of the death of 
the illustrious statesman, Hon. John Hay, whose memory will always be 
preserved by Cubans as that of a good friend ? 

From President Pardo, of Peru : 

My government unites with the United States in deploring the death 
of the illustrious Secretary. 

From President Amador, of Panama : 

The government of Panama unites with the United States in mourning 
the death of your eminent Secretary of State. 

From President Zelaya of Nicaragua : 

I feel sadly the death of the eminent Secretary of State. 

From President Morales, of Santo Domingo : 
Accept sympathy for death of Secretary Hay. 

FROM THE AMBASSADORS 

Many additional messages of condolence were received at 
the State Department. Among these was one from Count Cas- 
sini, the Russian Ambassador and Dean of the Diplomatic Corps 
at Washington conveying the condolence of his government and 
expressing his own deep regret. His message follows : 

I have had the honor to receive the note by which you were so good as 
to communicate to me the news of the demise of Mr. Secretary of State 
Hay, which suddenly occurred last night, and hasten to beg you to accept 
the expression of my most profound condolence on the occasion of this 
sad event 

Pray believe that I take a sincere part in the mourning caused by the 
grievous loss of the eminent statesman whose name will ever hold in the 
diplomatic annals of the United States the splendor guaranteed to him by 
his rare qualities and the services rendered his country. 



JOHN HAY 335 

I am just now in receipt of a cablegram from Count L,amsdorff instruct, 
ing me to transmit the expression of the sincere condolences of the imperial 
government on the occasion of the demise of the Secretary of State. 

In discharging this mission I beg you, sir, to receive the assurances of 
my very distinguished consideration. 

Count Cassini. 

Baron Speck von Sternburg, the German Ambassador, tele- 
graphed President Roosevelt on behalf of his government and for 
himself messages of condolence and expressions of sympathy. 
The Ambassador forwarded to President Roosevelt the following 
expressions from the German government : 

Mr. President : 

The German Emperor has directed me to convey to you the expression 
of his sincere condolence on the demise of the Secretary of State, John 
Hay. The Emperor deeply sympathizes with you in the loss of your old 
and personal friend, and fully appreciates the bereavement of the American 
people through the death of this true patriot and statesman of purest char- 
acter and extraordinary endowment. 

Sternburg. 

To THE President of the United States of America, Oyster Bay : 

Prince Buelow has requested me to convey to you, Mr. President, and 
to the American people the expression of his deep sympathy on the demise 
of the vSecretary of State, John Hay. The chancellor profoundly appre- 
ciates the great loss which America has sustained through the death of this 
most distinguished statesman and diplomatist and eminent poet and writer. 

Sternburg. 

The Ambassador also telegraphed the President the follow- 
ing message : 

To you, Mr. President, and to the American people I send the ex- 
pression of my heartfelt sympathy on the demise of the Secretary of State, 
John Hay. 

Sternburg. 

TRIBUTE BY VON STERNBURG 

Baron Speck von Sternburg said : 

"I had the honor to know Secretary of State John Hay for twenty 
years, and for the past five years I had been in close official contact with 
him. This to me was a special privilege in my diplomatic capacity. Dur- 
ing this time I had occasion to become acquainted with his magnificent 
talents as a statesman, diplomatist, and man of letters. His influence dur- 
ing his brilliant official career has been most highly beneficial to the peace 
and progress of the world." 



336 THE SHIELD 

Sir Mortimer Durand, the British Ambassador, telegraphed 
the State Department from his summer home at Lenox, Mass., 
expressions of profound regret and deep sympathy on behalf of 
his government, and a personal expression from Lord Lansdowne. 
The Ambassador's first dispatch follows : 

Lord Lansdowne telegraphs to me that his majesty's government has 
heard with profound regret of the death of the Hon. John Hay, who was 
held in universal respect by the people of Great Britain. His majesty's 
government recognizes the great service rendered by Mr. Hay in promoting 
the friendly relations which so happily unite the two countries. They ask 
that an expression of their deep sympathy be conveyed to the President in 
the loss which he has sustained. L,ord Lansdowne desires me to express his 
great personal regret of the news. 

Durand. 

The personal message read : 

I have received with the deepest regret your telegram announcing the 
death of the Hon. John Hay. I know that my regret will be shared by 
the government. 

Durand. 

The following cablegram was received at the British Em- 
bassy from the governor of New Zealand : 

The premier desires on behalf of New Zealand to tender the United 
States the warmest sympathy and condolence at the loss of their greatest 
statesman, Col. Hay, whose labors have profited the world, and done much 
to promote good feeling between our empire, its colonies, and America. 

The following was received at the State Department from 

the Brazilian Ambassador, Joaquin Nabuco : 

I just received your sad communication, and thanking your for your 

courtesy, ask you kindly to convey to the President my deepest sense of 

the great loss the country and himself has suffered to the person of Mr. 

Hay. Please accept my condplence for yourself and the Department of 

State. 

JOAOuiN Nabuco. 

SYMPATHY OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC 

M. Jusserand, the French Ambassador, in a telegram to 
Acting Secretary Peirce, from Boston, expressed the deep sorrow 
felt by the French Government over the death of Secretary Hay. 
The message says : 

I deeply regretted not to meet you at the Department of State when I 
called July i to express the sorrow felt by my government for the great 



JOHN HA Y 337 

loss sustained by America, and by every admirer of noble manhood in the 
death of Secretary Hay. Permit me to ask you to convey to President 
Roosevelt the expression of the deep concern of the government of the 
French republic at his being deprived of such a friend, and America of 
such a great citizen. 

JUSSERAND, 

French Ambassador. 

The sincere condolences of the government of Austria- 
Hungary were conveyed in the following message telegraphed to 
the State Department by Baron Giskra, the charge, from the 
summer home of the Austria-Hungary embassy at Lenox, Mass. 

Following instructions received : I have the honor to present herewith 
to the government of the United States the most sincere condolence of the 
imperial and royal government on the occasion of the deeply regretted 
death of his excellency the Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State. 

Giskra. 

Charge Giskra also telegraphed : 

Deeply grieved by the sad news contained in your telegram of the 
death of his excellency Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State. I beg you to 
receive the expression of my most sincere condolences. 

Giskra. 

CONDOLENCES FROM THE LEGATIONS 

From the legations, lower in diplomatic rank than the em- 
bassies, came the following expressions of sympathy. The first 
were two messages of condolence from Kogoro Takahira, the 
Japanese Minister and Peace Envoy conveying expressions of 
deepest regret and sympathy. They were addressed to the Acting 
Secretary, and are as follows : 

In thanking you for your telegram of this date, announcing the 
lamented death of the Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State, I hasten to ex- 
press the deepest sympathy of my government with that of the United 
States in their loss of so distinguished and honored a statesman and the 
heartfelt regrets of the members of this legation. 

Takahira. 

Sir : It i8 with a feeling of the deepest regret that I now receive your 
communication of to-day's date relative to the irreparable loss which this 
country has sustained in the death of Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State, 
which occurred at his summer home, Newbury, N. H., at 12:25 o'clock this 



338 THE SHIELD 

morning. I beg leave to request you to be so good as to respectfully con- 
vey to the President my sincerest expression of condolence on this occasion. 
I beg further to add that in token of respect to the departed statesman, 
the flag of this legation will be displayed at half-mast. 

K. Takahira. 

FROM COSTA RICA 

From the Costa Rican minister : 

In the name of my government and the Costa Rican people, I convey 
to you and, through you, to his excellency the President, and the people 
of the United States of America, the expression of the most profound grief 
for the death of the eminent statesman, whose departure will be mourned 
not only in this great nation, but in the whole world at large. Joining 
myself in the expression of the deepest regrets, I beg you to accept the re- 
newed assurances of my highest consideration. 

J. B. Calvo. 

From Senor Alto, Minister from Portugal : 

I am directed by his majesty's government to convey to the govern- 
ment of the United States the expression of the deep sorrow with which 
they received the news of the Secretary of State's death. Pray allow me 
to join to those of my government my personal feelings of sincere regret 
at the loss of the distinguished statesman whose eminent qualities con- 
tributed so powerfully to render pleasant and easy the relations between 
the Department of State and the legation of his most faithful majesty. 

From the Peruvian Minister : 

Permit me to express to you and to the ofTicials of the State Depart- 
ment my heartfelt sympathy for the loss you sustained with the disappear- 
ance of your illustrious chief. 

From the Uruguayan Minister : 

Since my arrival at Washington I have been indebted to the Hon. John 
Hay, in the capacity with which I am vested, for attentions that I 
supremely appreciated and which I have even endeavored to acknowledge 
by professions of my high and respectful affection. On this day of his de- 
mise, unexpected and sorrowful, it behooves me to present your excellency 
in the name of my government and in my own the most profound condo- 
lence for this great loss, and I beg that you may be so good as to transmit 
them to his excellency the President, of whom the illustrious deceased was 
a prominent associate in the arduous duties of state, as well as a pure glory 
of the United States for the leading part he took in the international ques- 
tions of the greatest importance for mankind and universal civilization. 
Your excellency will, therefore, consider me a true and grieved participant 



JOHN HAY 339 

in the tnourniTig of the great American nation for the austere citizen who 
has been taken away from it, and of whose talents and virtues I was a close 
admirer. 

Eduardo Acevedo Diaz. 
From the charge of the legation of Sweden and Norway : 

I have to acknowledge receipt of your note of today announcing the 
death of Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State, I beg to express to you my 
deepest sympathy at the loss of such an eminent American statesman. 

G. De Strale. 

From the charge of the Nicaraguan Legation : 

It is with the greatest sorrow that I have learned of the unexpected 
death of such an eminent and well-known American statesman who played 
so brilliant a role in the political history of civilized nations during the 
last decade, and I earnestly desire to express to your excellency's govern- 
ment, in the name of Minister Corea and in my own, how the government 
of Nicaragua joins us to lament this deplorable loss to the present admin- 
istration. 

X. Vei-oz. 
From the Netherlands charge : 

Have received with deep regret your telegram of today announcing 
the death of Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State. I have not failed to con- 
vey this sad intelligence to my government, and beg you to accept the as- 
surances of my profound sympathy in this great loss the American nation 
has sustained. 

TUYLI.. 

From the Haitian minister : 

I have heard with sorrow of the death of Hon. John Hay. In my 
name and in the name of the Haitian government I beg to convey a heart- 
felt condolence to the people and the government of the United States. 

K. N. Leger. 
John Barrios, son of the late President of Guatemala, cabled 
the profound regret of that government, and telegrams also were 
received from the diplomatic representative of the Argentine Re- 
public and the consul general for Ecuador at San Francisco. 

SYMPATHY OF THE NETHERLANDS 

The following was received from the Netherlands : 

Netherlands Minister of Foreign Affairs, in note dated today, ex- 
presses in his government's name, deep sympathy in loss sustained by 
American government and people. 



340 THE SHIELD 

The sincere sentiments and condolence of President Quin- 
tana and the people of Argentina "for the irreparable loss sus- 
tained by the American people" was communicated by the first 
secretary of the Argentine lyCgation. 

SIR MORTIMER DURAND 

Sir Mortimer Durand, the British Ambassador to the United 
States, said : 

"I am deeply shocked and grieved to hear the news. Outside of 
America Mr. Hay was regarded as one of the first of living statesmen. His 
death is a loss to the world. Ofiicial relations with him were a pleasure, 
for he was as courteous and refined as he was straightforward and firm. He 
seemed to me to be the very type of what a diplomatist should be. I feel 
aS if I had lost a personal friend." 

SIR CHENTUNG LIANG CHENG 

Sir Chentung Liang Cheng, Chinese Minister, when in- 
formed of the death of Secretary Hay, was greatly moved. He 
said : 

"China mourns with the citizens of this country over the death of the 
late Secretary of State. The magnanimous policy that the late Secretary 
pursued in the far Eastern questions will always be cherished by the Chi- 
nese people and Chinese officials with the deepest gratitude. In all inter- 
national questions, while always upholding the dignity of his country and 
demanding justice to his fellow-countrymen, he invariably showed the 
same consideration to the equal amount of dignity and justice due to other 
governments. With his lamentable death the world has lost one of the 
greatest diplomats, the most liberal statesman, and a friend of humanity." 

LATIN-AMERICAN RESOLUTIONS 

The Latin-American members of the International Union of 
the American Republics met in the diplomatic reception room of 
the Department of State at 3 o'clock on the afternoon of July 2d. 
Mr. Calvo, the Minister of Costa Rica, presided, and Mr. Gambo, 
the charge d'affaires of Mexico, acted as secretary. 

The chairman said the meeting was called to give expression 
to the feelings of the board upon the death of the late Hon. John 
Hay, Secretary of State and ex-ofl&cio chairman of the board. 



JOHN HA Y 341 

The following resolutions were offered by Mr. Calvo and unani- 
mously adopied : 

To express to his excellency the President of the United States in suit- 
able form our most profound condolence at the lamented loss of the illus- 
trious citizen, the Hon. John Hay, whose departure the Chief Magistrate, 
his government, and the American people mourn. 

That a similar expression be sent to Mrs. Hay. 

That a wreath with an inscription to read, "The International Union 
of the American Republics," be placed at the funeral. 

Eulogistic speeches were made by Mr. Walker-Martinez, 
the Minister of Chile, and Mr. Calderon, the Minister of Bolivia. 
Upon request of the chairman. Director Fox notified Acting 
Secretary Peirceof the action of the board, and Mr. Peirce there- 
upon appeared and responded feelingly on behalf of the President 
of the United States, whom, as well as Mrs. Hay, he said, he 
would advise of the action taken. 

It was ordered that the Bureau of the American Republics 
be closed on the day of the funeral. 

FROM AMERICAN DIPLOMATS 

Many dispatches were received from American diplomats 
abroad. A few of these were as follows : 
From Mr. Rockhill, American Minister to China : 

Accept deepest sympathy irreparable loss of our friend, Hay, 

Ambassador Reid, in a cablegram to the President from 
I/Ondon, said : 

My more than forty years' friendship with the great Secretary enables 
me to appreciate the great loss you have suffered. Mrs. Reid and I desire 
to offer to yourself and Mrs. Roosevelt our respectful and profound sym- 
pathy. 

From Mr. Leishman, the American Minister to Turkey : 

The great loss which the nation has sustained by the death of Secretary 
Hay is shared by the entire staff of the legation and also by the American 
colony here. I beg you to kindly extend our condolences to the bereaved 
family. 

IvEISHMAN. 

Mr. Leishman also received condolences from the Sultan, the 
government ofi&cials, and the foreign residents at Constantinople. 



342 THE SHIELD 

From Ambassador Meyer at St, Petersburg : 

"Greatly shocked and grieved at sad news. Count Lamsdorff called 
personally this afternoon and left letter expressing his deep sympathy. At 
proper time kindly express my sincere condolence to Mrs. Hay." 

From Ambassador White at Rome : 

"Please cable me date of funeral soon as known. Propose having me- 
morial services at the same time in the American church here. ' ' 

From American Ambassador to Brazil : 

"With profound regrets notice of Mr. Hay's death received." 
From the American Minister to Morocco : 

"News of Secretary Hay's death received with prof ound sorrow." 







SECRETARY HAY AS EUROPE SAW HIM 

The following dispatches from foreign capitals will give an 
idea as to the esteem in which Secretary Hay was held abroad : 

London, july i.— As soon as he received the sad news of Secretary 
Hay's death, Mr. Reid, the American Ambassador, ordered the flags at 
Dorchester House, his residence, and on the Embassy building placed at 
half mast. He has cancelled all social engagements for the coming week 
for himself and Mrs. Reid, including the American women's reception in 
honor of Mrs. Reid on Monday and the American Society dinner on July 4. 
The Ambassador also went into personal mourning, Messrs. Reid and Hay 
having been friends for upward of forty years. Mr. Reid was groomsman 
at Mr.^Hay's wedding. Speaking of Secretary Hay's death, Mr. Reid said : 

"Mr. Hay's death is a great grief and shock to me, for he was my 
closest friend among the public men of to-day. He was peculiarly fitted 
for the post of Secretary of State, which he filled with such genius. No 
man in America, save John Quincy Adams, had such training and prepara- 
tion for his post. When I saw Mr. Hay in London last he was dining with 
me. He was in his cheeriest mood, and I had hoped he had fully recov- 
ered his health and that a long life of continued usefulness was his. I have 
cabled mv condolences to Mrs. Hay. I have abandoned the reception on 
July 4. This will disappoint thousands, but I feel it is but the proper thing 
to do. My heart would not be in the reception or in the speech before the 
American Society while my dearest friend and that great American was 
perhaps lying unburied in America. I am awaiting instructions from the 
President as to the length of the mourning period and other steps that are 
to be taken. These may modify my arrangements, but at present I am 
resolved to abandon the reception. 

REGARDED AS GREATEST AMERICAN 

Not even in America itself is the death of John Hay more deeply 
deplored than by the people of Great Britain and all Europe. It is even 
true that his genius for statecraft has gained fuller recognition in the Old 
World than among his own countrymen. His highest eulogies will come 
from his greatest contemporaries among the directors of the world's des- 
tinies in these most critical hours of modern history. They are the best 
judges of his transcendent qualities. He was in their eyes the greatest 
American— some will say the greatest statesman— of his day. His services 
for the past two years especially were given not alone to America, but to 
mankind, and the world has yet but a slight knowledge of how great is its 
indebtedness to him. 



344 THE SHIELD 

It is scarcely an exaggeration to say that Mr. Hay made it possible to 
avert a general war during the first year of the far Eastern campaign, and 
the influence of his wise precautions still makes for peace. 

America owes to his efforts more than to those of any other man tha 
she was saved from foreign interference during the Spanish-American cout 
fiict. It is still too early to tell the story of the anxious days when Mr. 
Hay's foresight, tact, and resourcefulness kept the ring for America, as it 
did later for Russia and Japan. 

Those who possessed Mr. Hay's confidence know him as the frankest 
of men. He had no secrets from those he really trusted, and his confidence 
was never abused. When he was Ambassador to London, and since he was 
Secretary of State, he has many times thrown the illuminating light of his 
knowledge upon intricate problems of international politics which have 
been reflected in these dispatches. 

TRIBUTES IN BERLIN 

Berlin, July i. — The representative of Chancellor von Buelow at the 
foreign office drew up the following note in regard to the death of 
Secretary Hay : 

"Immediately on hearing the news of Mr. Hay's death this morning, 
Baron von Richthofen, the German Foreign Minister, went to the American 
Embassy and expressed to Ambassador Tower his deepest regret at the loss 
of a meritorious and important statesman." 

As expressing Prince von Buelow's personal opinion the statement 
continued : 

"Mr. Hay's death is deeply regretted in government circles. We had 
hoped that the favorable reports of the result of the Nauheim cure were 
true, and that with renewed strength he would resume his responsible post. 
Mr. Hay's diplomatic talents were always fully recognized in Berlin, where 
the opinion was held that the recent important product of American 
diplomacy and the reputation that that diplomacy had won in the world 
was largely due to the education and development which she, namely, 
diplomacy, had received at his hands. 

"He was regarded as one of the Secretaries of State who had done 
most to further American interests all over the world, and whether his 
private leanings were more toward one or the other country is a question 
which is not concerned with a judgment of his political character. His 
policy was consistently directed in the interests of America, but Germany 
was always able to come to a good understanding with him. On this 
account the regret at the loss the American people has suffered is sincere 
and heartily felt. The Kaiser is at Travemunde, but the correspondent is 
assured that the above represents his feelings toward the sad event." 

ST. PETERSBURG OFFICIALS SHOCKED 
St. Petersburg, July 2, 12:59 a. m. — Foreign Minister Count Lams- 
dorff yesterday afternoon paid an unusual tribute to the memory of the late 



JOHN HA Y 345 

Secretary of vState, Tohn Hay. Without waiting for an official announce- 
ment of the Secretary's death and disregarding the conventions of diplomatic 
etiquette, the Minister, on the receipt of the news, immediately called at 
the residence of Ambassador Meyer, and finding the ambassador absent, 
left a note expressing his personal sorrow at the death of Mr. Hay. 

Ambassador Meyer will probably present formal notification of the 
Secretary's death, on behalf of the American government, at a special 
audience of Emperor Nicholas today. 

The death of Secretary Hay caused the deepest impression here, where 
his statesmanlike qualities were highly appreciated. The high officials of 
the foreign office were shocked to hear of his death, since the late reports 
indicated that he had returned from Europe with his health restored. They 
expressed the heartiest sympathy at the loss sustained by American 
diplomacy and the cause of international comity. 

Ambassador Meyer was deeply grieved at receiving the news from the 
Associated Press. He immediately wired his condolences and ordered the 
flag to be hall masted lover the embassy buildings and his residence, the 
Kleinmichel Palace. Tue .Embassador will wait for the official announce- 
ment before officially conveying the fact of the Secretary's death to the 
Russian government, when probably he will have a personal audience of 
Foreign Minister Lamsdorff. 

Paris, July i.— The death of Secretary Hay caused a profound shock 
in official and diplomatic quarters here. Premier Rouvier was among the 
first to learn the news, and he sent a despatch expressing his deep regret 
and condolence. 

Ambassador McCormick, Gen. Porter, and the officials of the American 
embassy and consulate and the members of the American colony joined in 
expressions of grief and in tributes|of respect for the dead statesman 

IN OTHER FOREIGN CAPITALS 

Copenhagen, July i.— American Minister O'Brien is receiving many 
messages of condolence from diplomats and other high officials on Secretary 
of State Hay's death. The evening newspapers print sympathetic articles 
concerning Mr. Hay and express their admiration for his great capacity 
and statesmanship. America, they say, will find it difficult to get a suc- 
cessor his equal. 

Rome, July i. — The whole of the Italian press cemments on the death 
of Secretary of State Hay. The Tribuna says he leaves the American 
foreign policy so well defined in all particulars that his successor will have 
nothing to do but follow his lead. 

Vienna, July i. — The news of Secretary of State Hay's death was 
received here with sincere regret. The newspapers say that America has 
lost one of her most able, devoted and educated sons, who is well remem- 
bered in Vienna. The Fremdenblatt, the official organ of the foreign 
office, says that Mr. Hay always proved himself a far-seeing and experienced 
statesman. 



TRIBUTES OF EMINENT AMERICANS 

Vice-President Fairbanks : 

"The death of Secretary Hay removes from public life one of our 
wisest and most conservative statesmen, one of the foremost diplomats of 
his time. He was a man of great strength and modesty. He was a diplo- 
mat by nature ; a student of statecraft, who made himself master of every 
subject which engaged his attention. He rendered his country enduring 
service. He was the trusted friend of three Presidents. He was a brave, 
sincere man, a steadfast friend, a patriot in the highest and best sense." 

Ex-President Grover Cleveland : 

"I am intensely shocked and grieved to hear of the death of Secretary 
Hay. I feel that in the light of the highest and most substantial good of 
the country we can ill afford to lose such a man. While the grief caused 
by his death must be universal, we, as people, should be grateful for his 
life and deeds, and above all should profit by his lofty example of patriotism 
and duty." 

Justice William R. Day : 

"The country has lost an accomplished scholar, statesman, and orator. 
His place will be very difficult to fill. His loss will be mourned by 
the country and a wide circle who were privileged to enjoy his friendship. 
In the seven years he had been Secretary of State he had established an 
enduring fame at home and abroad as one of our first statesmen and diplo- 
mats. Beginning his career as private secretary to Abraham Lincoln, he 
had been the close friend and adviser of Presidents McKinley and Roose- 
velt. " 

Joseph H. Choate, former ambassador to England : 

"The sudden death of Mr. Hay is an unspeakable loss to the public 
service. When selected by President McKinley for the great office of 
Secretary of State he was already more perfectly equipped for its duties 
than any other man in the country. Taking charge of the Department of 
State at the time when the acquisition of our colonial possessions had 
brought us into new and enlarged relations with foreign powers, he proved 
himself more than equal to the great demand upon the country. His 
official labors of those several years, from 1898 to 1905, have been prodigious 
and of the highest character and have commanded the admiration and 
gratitude of his countrymen and the unqualified respect and esteem of 
foreign nations. 

"In great public questions of world-wide concern, in which ten years 
before the United States would have been hardly considered, his wide and 
far-seeing diplomacy has given us a commanding position, so that the na- 



JOHN HA Y 347 

tions of the Old World have been learning to look to us for light and lead- 
ing, of which an instance was his very enterprising and at the same time 
conservative conduct on the question of the maintenance of the open door 
in the far East and the preservation of the integrity of China. 

"Under his administration of the State Department, American interests 
in all parts of the world have been maintained with a strong hand, and at 
the same time his peaceful and conciliatory spirit has strengthened the 
friendship which happily exists between us and all other governments and 
peoples. 

"His exalted personal character and conservative spirit and charming 
personality endeared him to his countrymen and gave them a constant, 
abiding sense of the purity in our foreign relations. To his personal 
friends, who are numbered by the thousands on both sides of the Atlantic, 
his loss is irreparable." 

ACTION BY STATE AND MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS 

Governor Herrick, of Ohio, on July 3d, issued the following 
proclamation concerning the death of John Hay : 

John Hay, Secretary of State for the United States, for many years an 
honored citizen of Ohio, died on the morning of July i, and his remains 
are to be interred in Lake View Cemetery, in the city of Cleveland, on 
Wednesday, July 5. The services of Secretary Hay to his country, ex- 
tending over a long period of years, were of inestimable value, and in his 
death the nation has suffered an irreparable loss. His abilities and labors 
as a statesman and his virtues as a citizen have received world-wide recog- 
nition. As a resident of Ohio he held the deep and sincere affection and 
respect of all her citizens, who mourn his death. 

As a mark of respect to his memory, the flags on the capitol are hereby 
ordered placed at half staff until after the funeral. 

The Commissioners of the District of Columbia, upon motion 
of Commissioner MacFarland, adopted resolutions at their regular 
meeting on July 2d, as follows : 

"The Commissioners of the District of Columbia learn with profound 
regret of the death of the Hon. John Hay of the district of Columbia, Sec- 
retary of State, at his summer home in New Hampshire last night. Wash- 
ington v»as not only the scene of his greatest achievements, but his home 
for many years. He was not only the most illus'rious Washingtonian who 
ever sat in the cabinet, but he took a citizen's part in the affairs of the Dis- 
trict, so that the national capital has an especial share in the sense of great 
loss felt by the entire nation. As orator, diplomatist, statesman, Mr. Hay 
has an enduring name throughout the world. Here, where he has been 
personally known by many since he came in his youth with President Lin- 



34S THE SHIELD 

coin to the White House, there is special appreciation of his personal 
services in the life of the community. As a mark of respect it is ordered 
that the flags on all District buildings be displayed at half-mast for thirty 
days." 

At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen of New York City 
the following resolutions on the death of Secretary of State John 
Hay were adopted : 

A nation mourns a nation's loss. John Hay, Secretary of State, master 
of honest statecraft, litterateur, of profound intellect and noble sentiments, 
one whose fame will stand in history for all time among the foremost 
American diplomats, is dead. We, the aldermen of the city of New York, 
deeply sensible of the irreparable loss that our common country has sus- 
tained, place upon our records this minute of tribute on the death of one 
of our most distinguished sons. 

A well balanced and fairly trained mind, with 

Hands that the rod of empire might have sway'd 
Or waked to ecstasy the living lyre, 
it may with truth be said that in and around the declining years of his well 
spent life was woven the poetic truth. 

The paths of glory lead biit to the grave. 

Resolved, That the Board of Aldermen of the City of New York here- 
by expresses and lenders to the family of John Hay, late Secretary of State, 
its sincere sympathy. 

Resolved, That a copy hereof, suitably er grossed and duly authenti- 
cated by his honor the Mayor and the City Clerk, be transmitted to the 
family of the late John Hay. 

Resolved, Further, as an additional mark of respect, the board do now 
adj ourn. 

HONORS IN THE FAR OFF PHILIPPINES 

Governor Wright of the Philippine Islands, in acknowledg- 
ing the receipt of the President's proclamation of the death of 
Secretary Hay, cabled that he had given orders for the closing 
of all the departments and the half-masting of all flags in the 
islands on the day of the funeral. 

MOURNED BY THE RACE WITHOUT A COUNTRY 

The current American Hebrciv prints an interesting sym- 
posium consisting of the tributes paid to the memory of the late 
John Hay by the Hebrew press throughout the United States. 



JOHN HAY 349 

Heading this list is a poem by Miss Annette Kohn, entitled 
"The Last Protocol," which hails the late Secretary of State as 
a friend of the Hebrew people and concludes : 

O, thou sorely stricken people, let thy tears rain down thy face I 
In this hour of thine aspiring, there is none to take his place. 
Thou canst only swathe thy banners, bring thy laurels to his bier — 
Wear the solemn robe of mourning, in thy heart his name ensphere. 







THE DISPASSIONATE PRESS 

THE REMARKABLE TRIBUTE TO JOHN HAY 

When a statesman of great prominence passes away, especially if he is 
in office at the time, it is natural to look for something perfunctory in 
many of the official messages of regret that pour in from all directions. 
vSome will be instigated simply by politeness, others by policy, by the de- 
sire to conciliate the government of which the dead man was a member. 
Indeed, as a rule it may be said that officialdom is never more insincere 
than when it is displaying the trappings of woe. 

The world-wide tribute which is being paid to the genius, the per- 
sonality of John Hay is distinguished by a note of sincerity which must be 
as gratifying to his countryman as it is rare. Owing to his habit of reserve, 
his practice of keeping himself in the background as far as that was com- 
patible with his station as the most conspicuous figure in the Cabinet, the 
Secretary of State had been more or less of a stranger to Americans. They 
had learned to believe in him as a sagacious, a brilliant, and, when neces- 
sary, a bold diplomatist. But in the nature of things the great majority 
had no knowledge of the rare charm of the man, and had no means of 
judging it until the pale horse he spoke of in his own poem had carried 
him to unknown lands and he had ceased to toil for the promotion of the 
nation's greatness. 

But while John Hay was known to Americans simply as a statesman 
and man of letters, he was known to those in the inner circles of diplomacy 
and statecraft here and abroad as a man. The words in which these have 
expressed their sorrow have a true ring to them. Our own President has 
lost a friend. The personal education is to be found in the message of the 
King of England, who was one of the first personages in the world to send 
a message to the Chief Executive. And so literally from China to Peru 
there is but one sentiment of individual loss expressed by those who had 
been brought into close relations with the Secretary of State. 

Leaving the heads of nations out of account, the sensation caused by 
John Hay's death has been equaled in recent years only in the case of Bis- 
marck and of Gladstone. Both of these had been long enough retired from 
the stage of national affairs to permit of party prejudices and bitterness 
dying down. England forgot the failures and mistakes of the great Liberal 
and remembered only his virtues. Germany remembered that it was to the 
Iron Chancellor that she owed a united Fatherland and forgot his occa- 
sional Macchiavelliauism. 

There is nothing, however, to extenuate, explain away or suppress in 
the case of John Hay. He died in office. Those of the opposite political 
party can adopt the words of Mr. Cleveland as expressing their own views, 
when he said : "I feel that in the light of the highest and most substantial 



JOHN HAY 351 

good of the country we can ill afford to lose such a man. While the grief 
caused by his death mu6t be universal, we, as a people, should be grateful 
for his life and deeds, and, above all, should profit by his lofty example of 
patriotism and duty. If we can but properly appreciate the value and ser- 
vice of disinterested zeal and devotion in public conduct, we shall derive 
a rich legacy from the life and death of John Hay." 

From the unanimous testimony of witnesses of all sorts it is clear that 
John Hay had one of the most engaging personalities in our political and 
social history. And it is possible to predict of him with much more truth 
than in the case of the soldier-statesman of whom the words were originally 
written, that whatever record leaps to light, he never shall be shamed. — 
Neiu York Evening Sun. 

JOHN HAY 

The death of Secretary Hay inflicts a deplorable loss upon the country. 
The instant and universal outpouring of grief bears no resemblance to the 
conventional expressions which are often evoked by the disappearance Ox 
a notable figure from the stage of public affairs. The American people 
had a profound regard for Mr. Hay, and a strong attachment. He had ex- 
cited their admiration and he possessed their confidence. They had be- 
come accustomed to believe that no emergency in foreign relations could 
arise in which he would not prove equal to all the requirements of national 
honor and interest, and they constantly expected him to meet every demand 
in such a manner as to gratify their pride in the fame of their country. In 
their estimation he was a guarantee of public security, and they rejoiced 
to see their own sentiments more and more clearly and widely reflected in 
the generous testimony of foreign nations. 

It is a fact on which Americans will dwell with peculiar gratification 
that the acknowledgment of Secretary Hay's eminence in the great field 
of diplomacy, which, in the hour of their bereavement, is everywhere 
made with the warmest assurances of sympathy and respect, was not re- 
served until his death. If, in the earlier stages of his career in the State 
Department, there was some slight indisposition on the part of European 
statesmen to put a sufficiently high value on his qualifications and achieve- 
ments, a full recompense for such misgivings has been offered. They soon 
perceived that with a decorum conforming to their traditions, and with a 
suavity at least as perfect as their own, he combined a firmness of purpose 
and a directness of method which swiftly and securely accomplished 
objects both nationally and internationally essential. We should be doing 
injustice to the feelings of the world if we refrained from saying that it 
has lost one of its foremost citizens. 

John Hay's public life began with the civil convulsion which was 
destined to compact the great Republic in all its present integrity. It ended 
at a moment when vast revolutionary changes may be impending in a 
European empire and a new opportunity for the exercise of his benevolent 



352 THE SHIELD 

wisdom seemed to be at hand. Between its stormy opening and its anxious 
close his career was marked by a singular variety of public services — in 
journalism, literature and statesmanship, in the promotion of liberal arts 
and the diffusion of civilizing influences. He possessed shining talents, 
and admirable qualities with which shining talents are not often associated — 
cool judgment and \infalteriiig will, exquisite courtesy and the great gift 
of common sense. His clear flame of patriotism never burned unsteadily. 
The gusts of popular passion left it undimmed and unwavering. 

As a writer Colonel Hay gained a distinction which would have been 
greatly enhanced if he had chosen to let literary effort absorb his atten- 
tion, but we think he might have won evfen higher reputation as an orator. 
He had something far beyond mere fluency and grace of utterance. He 
could impart that spiritual touch which distinguishes eloquence from 
rhetoric. His too rare speeches, always forceful and felicitous in every 
part, contain many passages which "glow with celestial fire." Of Colonel 
Hay as a writer for the daily press The Tribune is enabled to speak with 
authority. He was long an invaluable member of the editorial staff, and 
while, perhaps, by preference he more often treated foreign topics in its 
columns, there was no topic which he failed in touching to adorn. During 
Mr. Whitelaw Reid's absence in Europe in 1881 he was the responsible 
manager of this journal for six peculiarly difficult and trying months, of 
which the memory and the tradition are preserved by this ofiice with 
constant affection and profound respect. 

Contemporaneous judgments are proverbially fallacious, and they are 
not least likely to need revision when they are pronounced upon a states- 
man who haa been a conspicuous figure of his time. But there is reason to 
believe that history will confirm the verdict which Secretary Hay's fellow- 
countrymen, in common with the world beyond our borders, had already 
found and are now repeating with sorrowful admiration. Throughout a 
period crowded with momentous and perplexing events, under two great 
Presidents whose unbounded confidence he enjoyed, he conducted the 
department of foreign relations with rare provision, with unswerving 
loyalty to high ideals, and so far as it is now possible to discern the future, 
in such a manner as to confer lasting benefits, not only on his own country, 
but on all mankind. — New York Tribune. 

CAREER OF JOHN HAY 

John Hay was a type of the finer sort of American. His mind blended 
the practical and the poetic, raising him to distinction in apparently incom- 
patible roles. His pose, his alertness, his wit, his unfailing humor were 
purely American. His mind was a blade of exquisitely tempered steel, 
tough in its way, but not fashioned for the hacking and clashing blows of 
war. His strength was sinewy, rather than robust. With the virility and 
fire of a man, he was endowed with the sensibility and fine perception of a 
woman. With such a mind, cultivated and enriched through a long life of 



JOHN HA Y 353 

communion with the greatest minds of the ages, he became a man of 
wonderful breadth of vision and accuracy of judgment. Called to a posi- 
tion where such qualities had full play, it is little wonder that he should 
have won recognition as one of the leading men of his time. 

Secretary Hay's frankness and veracity of mind and method were as 
notable as his tact and shrewdness. He did not find it necessary in deal- 
ing with the brightest minds of other governments to employ artifice and 
indirection in order to carry his point. He was personally the soul of 
honor, punctiliously fulfilling every obligation, however small ; and when- 
ever he was permitted to have his way in the foreign relations of the United 
States these rules were applied with equal sincerity. Mr. Hay enjoyed a 
personal acquaintance with most of the foreign diplomatists with whom he 
dealt, and his engaging personality was no doubt of more value to his 
country than was usually understood. 

Secretary Hay's work as a statesman led him away from the pleasant 
fields of literature, where he won early fame, which might easily have 
been amplified if he had developed that bent of his versatile mind. As the 
years wore on he appeared to have little regard for his early literary 
achievements — to underrate their real value. In secret he still "heard in 
his soul the music of wonderful melodies," but he regarded his political 
work as overshadowing in importance anything he might accomplish in 
literary effort. We are half inclined to doubt that posterity will accept his 
view. A touch of nature making the whole world kin is cherished when 
the triumphs of statesmanship are forgotten. The songs of a nation are 
still as important as its laws. There have been other great Secretaries of 
State, but there is only one homely "Jim Bludso," with its immortal 
tribute to heroism. 

Perhaps John Hay was as wise as he was conscientious in keeping on 
his armor and fighting the battle of actualities ; but as the years go by 
there will be many who will regret that his practical duties robbed the 
world of a poet and a man of letters who could have contributed so much 
of comfort and good cheer. — 77; i? Washington Post. 

DEATH OF JOHN HAY 

The national loss is irreparable. He not only had gifts of the highest 
order for the important duties of his post, but his grasp of living questions 
was so firm and true the country felt a sense of the greatest security in his 
presence in office. He had done so many difficult things well there was a 
feeling that nothing within range of his official survey was beyond his 
powers. Men of both parties consulted and trusted him. Even those who 
differed with him conceded the purity of his purposes and admired the 
skill with which he forwarded them. Beyond our own shores he enjoyed 
a shining reputation. His fame has gone to every country, and wherever 
men are occupied with large affairs and count America in the scale of the 
world's well-being there is sincere mourning today for the death of John 



354 THE SHIELD 

Hay. It is everywhere recognized that an agency for good, armed with 
the best weapons, has passed out of action forever. * * * * 

Personally Mr. Hay was an irresistable mixture of 'courtesy, kindli- 
ness, sympathy and sincerity. The youthful discipline of Lincoln and the 
mature friend of McKinley was in the nature of things an unaffected gen- 
tleman, and language would be beggared in any effort to describe the 
charm of his presence. — Washington Evening Star. 

JOHN HAY 

In the passing of John Hay the country loses the largest figure in its 
relations with the rest of the world. When time gives to this period a cool 
and just perspective he will assume a bulk and impressiveness that he now 
has not, even when his virtues and his victories are being recounted by 
those who loved and mourn him. 

From the administration of Lincoln to the present he had been a vital 
figure in public Life. He was governed at all times by a clear judgment 
and a faculty for weighing and valuing possibilities and endowed with a 
prevision which is the gift alike of the seer and successful statesman. 

What he accomplished as a diplomat fixes him iu history as a world 
figure, the first of American premiers, whose skill and fine sense of inter- 
national justice made his country big in the council of nations. He was 
essentially a man of order and detail, yet he had the dreaming soul of the 
poet and in his personal relations was gentle, tender and sympathetic. 

He dies in the July opulence of his power and leaves but little undone. 
An American to the very breath of him, he felt that his last years were 
being passed in a remarkable period of the nation's development. Shortly 
before he sailed for Europe in the hope of benefiting his condition he 
said to a visitor : 

"I am getting old and perhaps may not be spared much longer, but I 
am glad to have lived in such a time of our growth. To hinx in whose 
blood quickly stirs the pulse of patriotism it is a great privilege indeed." 

And he more than any one man contributed to make the period notable 
in statecraft. He was a big man, and clean, too. Living in a period when 
graft, sordid purpose and the selfishness of egotism taint nearly all things, 
he was absolutely clear of suspicion. His ideals were high and his sense of 
honor was a religion. 

Columns will be written in estimating this man ; rulers and lesser men 
who have to do with the government of and the intercourse between people 
will formally tell of his value, but the greatest good that he shaped or in- 
spired is not in the things so handsomely achieved, nor in the diplomatic 
victories which zone the globe with the force of his mentality, but in the 
example he himself furnishes for the men to come who would emulate 
high standards. 

In a time when money alone is generally accepted as a standard by 
which to judge a man's worth and unobtrusive gentility is eclipsed by 



JOHN HAY 355 

garish glitter and shoddy show it is inspiring to look upon a wholesome, 
representative American who embodies the fine old traditions and the best 
of innovations. John Hay was eminently of this type, and it is not the 
least, among other reasons, why the country can ill afford to lose him. 

His humanity was no makeshift of statecraft. It was the personal ex- 
pression of the man himself, and as such affected all of his acts. Big heart 
and big mind make a combination which may in time conquer the very 
univeree. 

This is the measure of the man by the representative of that land at 
the other end of the globe, China, and it is given to show how one touch 
of nature makes the whole world kin. "In all international questions, 
while always upholding the dignity of his country and demanding justice 
to his fellow countrymen, he invariably showed the same consideration to 
the equal amount of dignity and justice due to other governments. With 
his lamentable death the world has lost one of the greatest diplomats, a 
most liberal statesman and a friend of humanity." — New York Evening 
Telegram. 

JOHN HAY 

A conspicuous figure in American letters, a sturdy patriot among 
American citizens, a great factor in American statesmanship, has passed 
away with the death of John Hay. By the force of a brilliant mind and a 
service of unyielding watchfulness he lifted American influence to the 
greatest height it has ever attained. His death this morning will be re- 
ceived by the other great nations as an event of almost as much importance 
to them as to the country he served. — The Washhigton Times. 

JOHN HAY 

The comment of the press throughout the world has been almost un- 
precedented in unanimity of opinion, an opinion well represented by the 
lyondon "Spectator." In its eulogy it calls special attention to the patriot- 
ism which induced Mr. Hay to remain at his post although he knew of the 
sentence of death upon him. "With Mr. Hay there was not the shade of 
suspicion of the patriotic gladiator raising his sword to the genius of the 
Republic with an 'Ave, Columbia Imperatrix ! Moriturus te saluto !' All 
that the world saw was a great gentleman and a great statesman doing his 
work for his State and his President with perfect taste, perfect good sense, 
and perfect good humor. " At home the most striking tributes have come 
from anti-Administration journals. One of them says of Mr. Hay's diplo- 
macy : "It was that of a high-minded, courteous, scholarly gentleman, 
and it was respected because Europe soon learned to know that it was with- 
out guile." Another anti-Administration journal refers to the successor 
Mr. Hay's adherence to the law of justice and kindness, so that his death 



356 THE SHIELD 

will be as sincerely mourned in far-off Peking as anywhere : "He was so 
sound, he was so careful, he was so fair, that by these qualities he had in- 
augurated more auspiciously than any other American whom one can name 
could have done the fated emergence of his country . . . upon the 
stage of world politics. . . . It is a great example and a great admoni- 
tion to his successors, it is a great possession to his countrymen in his 
memory, that John Hay leaves behind him." — TJie Outlook. 

JOHN HAY IN LITERATURE 

The statesman whose death is so recent that our sense of him as a living 
force cannot yet accept the fact, may not at once find the place in our 
political history which his rare gifts and great qualities had been making 
secure for him. But John Hay's relation to our literature was already so 
definite before he died that one may venture to speak of it without the 
effect of undue haste, though one may not so much try to fix the terms of 
a final judgment of his work as to ascertain some of the reasons for his 
being poet, romancer and historian, such as he was, without being at his 
greatest either. He lived to be recognized as the ablest public man of his 
time, the inventor of a diplomacy that was sincere, courageous and generous, 
and it has seemed to me, in reviewing what he wrote, that he might have 
had an equal and a kindred fame in literature. P'or more than half his 
years one may fancy him standing at the parting of the ways, where he 
might have taken the path to preeminence in authorship, as finally he 
took the path to the supremacy in statesmanship which he really achieved. 
It was as if the choice was rather decided for him than made by him, so 
passive, so almost indifferent, was the attitude he kept in the eyes of the 
spectator. * * * But the man of letters was finally subordinated 
in his distinctly dual nature to the man of affairs, of public affairs. We 
may fancy that up to the time when he became employed with his work on 
"The History of Lincoln" it had always been possible for him to turn 
again, and, if he would, be one of our first poets, one of our first novelists^ 
one of our first essayists, as he certainly became one of our first historians. — 
W. D. Howells in The North Americaii Reviezv. 

The late John Hay represented to the full both theories of genius. He 
had capacities so marked and versatile that everything he undertook was 
done with a kind of divine ease, and he had a special training so laborious 
and protracted that his success might be accounted for as the result of 
sheer application. What distinguishes him from a score of illustrious 
predecessors in the state department is a certain literary, or, if one will, 
artistic quality of his temper. — New York Evening Post. 

John Hay's mind was broad and receptive. It possessed many quali- 
ties and one gift— that of poetry. — Hartford Courant. 

He stands forth among two or three men who have dictated world 
policies and changed the probable course of history. — Waterbury 
Ameriean. 



JOHN HAY 357 

The foremost diplomatist of his day. ... If there be gratitude in 
China, the man who was its best friend will be mourned there. — Chicago 
Tribune. 

Attaining the highest eminence, he rose, as far as the world knew, 
■without a single detractor, the embodiment in private as in public life of 
honor not alone unstained but always unquestioned. — New York Globe. 

The spiritual side of Mr. Hay is shown in a Christian Endeavor hymn 
he wrote a few years ago— a hymn as full of faith and reverence as the 
most exacting creed could demand. — Baltimore Sun. 

His speeches were classics. His informal fellowship with the best life 
of the nation was rich in the charms of ripe culture, keen wit and a poet's 
fancy. Every phase of life which he touched felt the spell of his person- 
ality and the power of his vaX^W^oX.— Cleveland Leader. 

The loss of such a pilot is a grievous loss at such a time, and it will not 

be easy to fill his place with one who will inspire the same absolute trust. 

Philadelphia Ledger. 

Contemporary estimates frequently fail to stand the test of history, but 
Mr. Hay's fellow-citizens long ago accorded him a rank, in point of diplo- 
matic efficiency, with the three greatest of the long line of secretaries of 
state— with John Quincey Adams, with Daniel Webster and William H. 
Seward. — New York World. 

In London he distinguished himself by the literary and scholarly grace 
of the addresses he was called upon to deliver, a grace that was not effaced 
nor even dimmed by contrast with the then recent performances of James 
Russell Lowell in the same kind. * * * It is not exaggeration 
to apply to him the poets words of the man "whose life in low estate 
began," and who 

Moving up from higher to higher, 

Becomes, on Fortune's crowning slope, 
The pillar of a people's hope. 

The centre of a world's desire. 

— New York Times. 

Mr. Hay did not, because he could not, resort to the methods which are 
so often necessary to win high political place, and the honors that were 
bestowed upon him in the later years of his life came as a result of his 
attainments and fitness. — Boston Herald. 

His intellectual powers were of the best order ; his character was strong 
and stable. His abilities were many sided ; on all sides good and some 
great. — Boston Transcript. 



358 THE SHIELD 

A FRATERNAL TRIBUTE IN VERSE 

The world will miss thee, dear John Hay, 

Thy counsel in the court of Kings, 
Thy statesman touch 'mong diplomats, 

Thy words which left no baneful stings. 
Peace was thy mission, well performed, 

Yet fearless under War's alarm ; 
The nations halted on the heights 

And listened in magnetic charm. 

The eloquence of subtle song. 

The inspiration of your Muse, 
The deathless words which thrilled the heart, 

With dawn of day or Hesper dews. 
The world will not forget thee. Hay, 

While human hearts for merit beat ; 
The trend of nations is for Peace, 

The onward march has no retreat. 

And she who loved thee best of all 

Will wait by sea and city home. 
And vainly listen for your tread. 

And wish her hero could but come. 
The circle of the hearth has lost 

Its band which made life's joy elate. 
Ah ! what can heal heart wounds but Time, 

When sorrows fall with sudden weight ? 

Our Prater band will miss thee, too, 

In banquet hall where Charges meet, 
Thy smiles fraternal and the charm 

Which springs from honest grasp and greet. 
Ere nations learned to know thy worth. 

When manhood was not yet in prime, 
The Theta Delts thy name enrolled, 

And listened to thy odes sublime. 

Transferred to some imperial sphere 

Where grander work can still be done, 
Thy spirit in its onward march 

No doubt lives in some central sun. 
I,et College bells be muffled now, 

And toll the requiem of a Friend ; 
Our wreath in immortelles above 

Thy bier its endless form shall bend. 



JOHN HA Y 359 

Pass to the Friendship of the skies, 

On Mount Olympus 'rnons^ the stars ; 
The arrows of thy life are spent, 

Thy earthly fame no blemish mars. 
We drape the altar of each Charge 

To mourn thy absence from our Halls, 
But keep the Theta tapers lit 

For one fond memory oft recalls. 

Alvaro F. Gibbens, Pi '60. 







JOHN HENRY ALTSCHU 

Probably the best, the completest man — as worldly perfection 
and completeness go — ever initiated into the Chi Deuteron Charge 
was Brother John Henry Altschu. That event occurred on 
November 22, 1897, while he was in his junior year, and from 
the start he took that leading part in the charge's affairs, evinced 
that intense loyalty to our Fraternity's principles, and manifested 
that deep, unselfish love towards his fellow members, which grew 
to distinguish him in later years as an ideal brother in Theta 
Delta Chi. 

Imagine, then, the shock to Chi Deuteron, when at midnight 
on Saturday, July 8, the news was flashed from St. Louis that 
Brother Altschu had been drowned that afternoon while canoeing 
on the Merrimac River ! The brothers were loth to believe it, 
but the news was only too true. With sad hearts they met at 
the Fraternity house to discuss the event and to make their 
arrangements for the funeral. 

The body was brought from St. Louis by Brother George G. 
Chase, Chi Deuteron, 1900, Mr. S. B. McPheeters and Mr. 
Benjamin Weir, the latter having been with Brother Altschu at 
the time of the accident but having succeeded in swimming to 
shore. Washington was reached at 8:30 o'clock on the morning 
of Tuesday, July 11, and the remains were taken to the resi- 
dence of Brother Altschu' s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Louis P. 
Altschu, 2007 "G" Street, Washington, Northwest, where the 
funeral services were held at four o'clock the same afternoon. 

Rev. Robert M. Moore, pastor of Foundry M. E. Church, 
was in charge of the services and was assisted by Rev. R. Reese 
Murray of Union Methodist Church. Mr. Moore paid a glowing 
tribute to the memory of Brother Altschu and at the end of his 
address, it being the desire of the family that the Fraternity rites 
should be carried out in full. Brother James MacBride Sterrett, 
D.D., Chi, '67, was introduced and read the impressive burial 
service of our Fraternity. The Chi Deuteron Graduate Associa- 
tion and the Chi Deuteron Charge were largely represented at 
the funeral and during the reading of the ritual formed a circle 




JOHN HENRY ALTSCHU. 

Chi Deuteron, '99. 



JOHN HENR Y AL TSCHU 36 1 

about the bier. At the close of the service a large Omega of 
fleecy whiteness was laid upon the casket, and while the brothers 
still remained standing in their places, Brother Van A. Potter 
sang with much feeling and sympathy the two verses of the 
Fraternity invocation : 

Alpha, thou morning ray, 
Omega, close of day, 
We rest in thee. 

The eflfect was beautiful and formed a fitting close to the service. 

The pall bearers were Brothers vStanton C. Peelle, Chi Deu- 
teron, '99, George G. Chase, Chi Deuteron, '00, Harry T. 
Domer, Chi Deuteron, '00, Rastus R. Norris, Chi Deuteron, '03, 
and Messrs. George C. Todd, a fellow student in the Columbian 
Law School, and S. B. McPheeters, a law associate in St. Louis. 
The interment at Oak Hill Cemetery was private. 

The sudden death of Brother Altschu cut short a career of 
unusual promise. He was admitted to the bar in St. Louis three 
years ago and became associated with the law firm of Seddon and 
Blair, latter Seddon and Holland, and under the firm's patronage 
was building up a practice of steadily increasing proportions. 

He was born October 19, 1876, in Washington, D. C. He 
passed through all the grades of the public schools of that city 
and graduated from the Central High School with the classes of 
'94 and '95, receiving two diplomas. He was also a member of 
the cadet regiment for three years. After leaving the high 
school he entered the college department of the Columbian Uni- 
versity, now the George Washington University, and graduated 
in 1899 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In the fall of '99 
Brother Altschu entered the law school of the same university 
and graduated in 1902 with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. 
For two years he was assistant librarian of the law library. He 
was admitted to the bar of the District of Columbia immediately 
after graduation, and then, having decided to practice his profes- 
sion in the western states, went to Springfield, Ohio, and passed 
the bar examination for that state, but finally located in St. 
Louis, where he was also admitted to the bar and where he 
remained up to the time of his death. 



362 THE SHIELD 

As a fraternit}^ man Brother Altschu was a power. He was 
a believer in the principles of our order and he made them a part 
of his life. His was a high conception of what Theta Delta Chi 
stood for ; for great-hearted friendship, yes, — but for pure- 
minded, whole-souled ?«a«-ship as well. He loved his fraternity, 
he loved his charge. There was nothing mean or ignoble in 
him ; everything was clear-cut, straightforward, true. He had 
no part in faction. He considered the good of the whole charge ; 
he reached his decision independently ; and, his stand once 
taken, nothing could budge him from it. This made him a 
leader through and through ; this made him a counsellor to be 
trusted and respected ; and it also explains why, even in private 
affairs, the brothers would go to him for his advice and assist- 
ance. He was always ready to giv^e both. A brother's welfare 
was his own. 

And that same sympathy, that same high ideal, the same 
strength and the same influence, he carried into the wider affairs 
of life. He kept the fountains of his mind and his heart and his 
soul always pure, making the stream of life, therefore, one of 
sparkling clearness, one of refreshing vigor, whose influence 
ennobled and inspired all that it touched. He never outgrew 
the home ; he was distinctly domestic in his tastes and habits. 
He never outgrew the church ; he had an inherited trust in God 
which suffered no diminution as the years rolled on. 

And with all this strength and purity there was no loss of 
joy and mirth and goodfellowship. He was most companionable, 
bubbling over with fun, his hearty laugh or sly twinkle of the 
eye punctuating many a joke ; fond of music, gathering the boys 
about the piano for a rousing song to Theta Delta Chi ; in for all 
sorts of larks, but an absolute abstainer from every dissipation. 
He never smoked and he never drank. He was a devotee of 
outdoor sports, particularly of tennis and rowing, but found 
nothing quite so attractive as taking long walks, into the country 
if possible, if not, then through the city. A deep student rather 
than a brilliant one, Brother Altschu had to dig for what he got, 
but, once mastered, it became a part of him. And this trait 
grew to be characteristic and entered into all his activities, 



JOHN HENR Y AL TSCHU 363 

making him self-reliant, patient, persevering, aggressive, and 
generally, successful. 

He heard the command of the Apostle which saith, "Quit 
you like men ; be strong. ' ' 

Harry T. Domer, 

Chi Deuteron, 1900 







JUST GOSSIP 



MU DEUTERON ANNIVERSARY 

The Twentieth anniversary of the founding of Mu Deuteron at Amherst 
has come and gone and its celebration has left the chapter stronger, its 
members, past and present, prouder and happier. 

The success of the reunion was largely due to Brother Leonard Diehl 
who, as chairman of the committee of arrangements, did yeoman service. 
From the very first of the year his enthusiastic, stimulating letters had 
been going to all the members of Mu Deuteron to persuade them to come 
back to their Alma Mater and the "Old Home Week" of the chapter. He 
was ably supported by Brother Arthur J. Hopkins of the advisory committee 
and by Brother Hari-y S. Bullock, who as usual had his shoulder to the 
wheel for Mu Deuteron and Theta Delta Chi. The undergraduates in the 
Charge also took hold with a will. 

As a result of their combined efforts seventy-five brothers — of the 
nearly 200 who have belonged to Mu Deuteron — sat down at the banquet 
and several others were present at the luncheon or during Commencement 
Week. All eight members of the original eighty-five delegation returned* 

The program consisted of a smoker Tuesday, June 27, 12 to i o'clock ; 
6 p. M. , reception to the alumni ; 9, banquet followed by meetings of the 
corporation ; and Alumni Association ; and a hearty welcome and good fellow- 
ship all the time. 

The smoker was a pleasing, informal affair, after which the accompany- 
ing photograph was taken on the front steps of the Chapter house. At the 
reception later, several of the Mu Deuteron wives received and the fra- 
ternity was honored by the presence of Sir Chenung Liang Cheng, the 
Chinese ambassador. 

The banquet was held in our own house, — an innovation which was 
greatly appreciated by all. The toast list read as follows : 

Toastmaster — Brother Paul C. Phillips. 

Theta Delta Chi— Brother Rudolf Tombo. 

First Days of Mu Deuteron — Brother Edward A. Tuck. 

Fraternity — Brother Warren J. Burke. 

Mu Deuteron Alumni Association — Brother Harry S. Bullock. 

Mu Deuteron Corporation — Brother Nathan P. Avery. 

Mu Deuteron — Brother Walter W. Palmer. 

It was a matter of regret that Brothers Tombo and Bullock were unable 
to be present. They sent congratulatory letters, however. Brother Tuck 
represented '85 on the toast list but each of the eight was called on, and 
later they all stood up and were admired as the "daddies of the chapter.'. 



■?„ 2 




JUST GOSSIP 365 

During the evening letters or telegrams of good will were read from Brother 
Cole of the grand lodge, Brother Harstrom and Brother Clay Holmes who 
was president when Mu Deuteron was started. It was a great pleasure also 
to have at the banquet Brother Vaughn, of Omicron Deuteron, who helped 
to initiate the charter members. 

The corporation meeting which came after the banquet showed the 
Charge to be on a sound financial basis as reported by Brother Avery, Presi- 
dent, and Brother Charles Walker, Treasurer. 

The Alumni Association, Brother Hopkins, President, reported satis- 
factory progress being made and the members being bound more closely to 
the Charge. 

The charter members of Mu Deuteron who returned — some of them for 
the first time— to this reunion found in place of inadequate rented quarters 
in Cook's block an excellent fraternity house v^orth |i5,ooo equipped with 
baths, reading rooms, library, and all that, but best of all a lot of fellows 
who had fulfilled the hopes and expectations of the founders and were well 
represented in all the various college activities, a fraternity the acknowl- 
edged peer of any in the college. 

With the perspective of twenty years and consequently a saner and 
more discriminating judgment they pronounced the progress good. Prob- 
ably the grand lodge as it looks at the year 1885 and again at 1905 will feel 
that they made no mistake. 

We are sincerely sorry for those who were unable to get back to the 
twentieth reunion of Mu Deuteron but are sure they will join us in the 
battle cry of the next five years ''All out for the 25th." 

Partial list of members who came back : '85 Brothers Sherman, Tuck, 
Hopkins, Smith, Morris, Dean, Woodward and Palmer; '86 Young; '87 
Hancell, Myrick ; '88 Baker, Riggs, Phillips, Burnap ; '89 Crowell, Cham- 
berlain ; '90 Reynolds ; '91 Avery ; '92 Pierce, Fairley, Hitchcock ; '93 
Cole; '95 Lane, Ranson, Breck, Bell, Kelley, Bliss; '96 Porter, Jump, 
Woodworth, Adams ; '97 Crawford, Merriam ; '99 Flaherty, Bedford, C. W. 
Walker, Blair, A. M. Walker, Hatch, Marsh ; '99 Dudley ; '01 Hatch ; '02 
Barber, Burke, Bryant ; '03 Stevens ; '04 Fitts, Lund, Brown. 

Paui, C. Phili^ips 
^3*' ft^^ ^* 

ETA EFFERVESCENCE 

Theta Delta Chi at Bowdoin celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of its 
establishment last June with befitting ceremonies, and ushered in a new era 
of material prosperity by dedicating an attractive Charge House just com- 
pleted from plans and specificatians made under the supervision of a 
Building Committee of graduates. The house has one of the finest locations 
about the college, at the corner of Main and McKeen Streets, directly 



366 THE SHIELD 

opposite the campus, and the architect was W. R. Miller of Ivewiston, Me., 
who has successfully planned several other chapter houses at Brunswick. 

The first floor includes a large and commodious living room, a library, 
kitchen, store and serving room and rooms for the steward. A piazza 
extends along the sides, facing Main and McKeen Streets. 

The second floor contains six suites of rooms for students, besides baths 
and lavatories, while the third floor has two suites for students, the lodge 
room and necessary ante and other rooms. The basement gives ample 
space for the cellar;^ boiler room, etc. , and facilities for billiard and other 
rooms. The main hall, dining room and library are finished in clear birch, 
also the vestibule and lavatory under the stairs. The kitchen, pantry, back 
entry, steward's room and the entire third story are finished in North 
Carolina pine. The entire second story is finished in clear gumwood. A 
fancy window over the seat in the main hall is glazed with opalescent glass. 
All the windows in the staircase bay and the windows in the library bay, 
are glazed with leaded stained glass. 

There are fire places in the living room, library and dining-hall. The 
outside chimney is built from native stone from the adjacent sea-shore. The 
fire places and mantles are made from special drawings and are of great 
architectural beauty. 

The plans and style of architecture were selected and developed with 
great care and are not surpassed in convenience or beauty by any building 
of the kind at Bowdoin. The Building Committee feels that the house 
should be a source of pride to every brother in Eta. It is hoped to publish 
a cut of the house in the December Shield. 

The house represents the organized efforts of the Theta Delta Chi 
Chapter House Corporation, which w^as organized May 25, 1901, for the 
purpose of building a house for Eta, and pursued that purpose with celerity 
and wisdom. Its present officers are ; President, Philip Dana ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Llewellyn Barton ; Treasurer, Wilmot B. Mitchell ; Clerk, Levi 
Turner ; Directors, the above, and F. J. C. Little and L. H. D. Weld. The 
graduates are further organized under the name of the Chapter House 
Association of the Eta Charge of Theta Delta Chi, with a membership of 
over fifty. Brother Levi Turner is the shrewd financial head of the under- 
taking, and with him at the helm there is small danger of shipwreck. 

At the anniversay banquet in the new dining room, on the occasion of 
the Dedication, ringing speeches were delivered by Brothers Levi Turner, 
'87, Llewellyn Barton, '84, Rev. H. A. Jump, Freemont, J. C. Little, '89, 
Rev. E. C. Newbegin, '91, Ayers M. Edwards, '80, Ernest W. Bartlett, '80, 
Wilmot B. Mitchell and others. Brother George Brinton Chandler, '90, of 
New York City acted as toastmaster "and he made a good one too." 
Brother Merton L. Kimball, '87, of Norway, Me., read a most interesting 
and ably written history of the Fraternity at Bowdoin. The revel of speech 
and song was prolonged to the break of day and the three score odd grave 
graduates who were in attendance took up the homeward trail pronouncing 



JUST GOSSIP 367 

the first reunion in the new house one of the very best ever had. The 
undergraduates executed a pleasant surprise when they presented each of 
the directors of the Corporation with a neat fraternity scarf pin. 

On the whole the spirit of Theta Delta Chi is eager, uncorrupt and 
effervescent at the eastern outpost. 

e^^ c^* ^* 

PUBLICATION OF MASTERPIECES OF "OLD FATE" 

A noteworthy addition to the Fraternity library will be the attractive 
little volume soon to appear under the joint editorship of Brothers Edward 
Van Winkle, Rho Deuteron, '00, and Norman Hackett, Gamma Deuteron, 
'98, "Some Poetry and Prose, by Nathan La Fayette Bachman." The pub- 
lisher's foreword, which has been widely distributed throughout the Fra- 
ternity in the form of a leaflet is as follows : 

SOME POETRY AND PROSE BY NATHAN TA FAYETTE BACHMAN 

Fl^ATIRON BUII.DING, MaDISON SOUARE, 

New York, October i, 1905 
Dear Brother : 

By all members of the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity, the name of Nathan 
I,a Fayette Bachman, or "Old Fate" as he was called, is revered with af- 
fectionate pride. The good he accomplished for the Fraternity while Pres- 
ident of the Grand Lodge can never be fully estimated, and it should always 
be a pleasure to any Theta Delt to honor his memory. As you well know, 
he was a prolific writer and poet of unusual ability, but owing to the fact 
that he wrote exclusively for newspapers, his writings aud poems have ap- 
peared only in press form, and are consequently not generally accessible. 
His fame was almost exclusivelj' confined to California where he resided for 
many years, though several of his poems were so widely published and ap- 
preciated that they have been accorded a place among the classics of Ameri- 
can literature by eminent critics. 

With a desire to honor his ability and memory and chiefly to collect 
the best things from his pen into tangible form as a contribution to our 
Fraternity literature, we beg to announce an edition de Luxe of some of his 
poetry and prose and to solicit a subscription from you for one of the 
books. We are editing and publishing the book ourselves in order to save 
the expense of a publishing house, and intend to devote the profits to a 
memorial scholarship to "Old Fate," — his son Harry, who will enter college 
in two years, to be the beneficiary. We hope this worthy object will doubly 
commend the idea to you and that we may have your hearty approval 
and support. 

The book will be artistically and handsomely bound in flexible leather, 
including an engraving of "Fate" and an original title page in two colors. 

The price we have fixed at one dollar and twenty-five cents per copy. 
The first edition will be limited to five hundred, numbered consecutively. 
We advise a prompt reply in order that you may be sure of securing one. 
They will be allotted in the order in which the checks are received. 



368 THE SHIELD 

Kindly fill out carefully the enclosed check on your bank, with shipping 
directions, writing plainly, and enclose in the return envelope at once so 
that your order may be placed on file. 

We hope to have the publication ready by November first, and call at- 
tention to the fact that it will make a most attractive and desirable Christ- 
mas gift. 

Ver}' fraternally yours, 

Norman Hackett 
Edward Van Winki,e 

t^* t^* ^^ 

THE HAY LYRIC GENIUS 
Our gifted Brother Hay maintained a constant intimacy with the glee- 
ful muse, for all his sober occupation, and this redounded to the benefit of 
Theta Delta Chi in the form of a pair of perfect specimens of joy-inspired 
verse composed in the late Secretary's younger days, and dedicated in fact 
and in sentiment to his Fraternity. These verses have ridden the chorus of 
many a lusty revel of Theta Delts, and will continue as favorite feasting 
songs so long as our order shall endure ; but they also have a charm for the 
quiet and attentive reader which springs from their aspiring thought and 
fresh and refined diction irrespective of the accompaniment of harp, cymbal 
and vibrant breath, so we here reprint them. The stanzas are taken from a 
time-scarred pamphlet which drifted into the Editor's den a short time 
since, and which contains several of our Fraternity's greatest literary treas- 
ures. This pamphlet was published in 1873 under the auspices of Chi 
Charge as a forerunner of the catalogue of '73 and to preserve the masterful 
addresses of Brothers Spahn, Brougham and Burdge at the twenty-fifth 
annual Convention banquet in the Metropolitan Hotel, New York City, 
February 21, 1873, — an occasion which stands out in the past of the Frater- 
nity for its dignity and the excellence of the post-prandial entertainment. 
These addresses consist of an oration by the first-named beloved "Jake" 
Spahn, — eloquent joy of so many a fraternal gathering, who came to such 
a tragic and untimely death in the Park Avenue Hotel fire on the night of 
the 1901 Convention banquet, — entitled "Reminiscences of College Life ;" 
of the famous poem by the talented Brother John Brougham, "The Age of 
Gold," closing : 

What is the mystic power that can compel 
Such joy as this? 'Tis Friendship's sacred spell — 
Friendship ! that death's keen arrow cannot quell. 
For while the eternal stars night's purple robe 
' Begem, while swings in space the pendent globe. 
Friendship must live. Ah ! may its impulse high 
Still guide and guard the Theta Delta Chi. 
and of an authoritative discourse on "The Origin and Founders of the 
Theta Delta Chi" by Brother Franklin Burdge, sterling son of Zeta. Asa 
supplement to these stately works are added a collection of songs, probably 
those used at the banquet, among which are the two by Brother Hay which 
follow : 



JUST GOSSIP 369 

FILL UP YOUR BLUSHING GOBLETS 
i^iR — ''Benny Havens, C>/" 

Fill up your blushing goblets 

Till the bubbles kiss the brim, 
We'll drink and shout our chorus out 

Till waning stars are dim ; 
We'll sing a name which lights to flame 

The luster in each eye, 
And brings a flush to every brow,— 
'Tis Theta Delta Chi. 

Chorus 

O, 'tis Theta Delta Chi, 'tis Theta Delta Chi ; 

And brings a flush to every brow— 'tis Theta Delta Chi. 

Drive Plutus hence, let Bacchus here 

Assert his joyous sway ; 
Shout owlish wisdom into fear, 

Let care infest the day ; 
We'll drink until the tipsy stars 

Wink in the glimmering sky ; 
Time fleets away, let youth be gay, 

In Theta Delta Chi. 

And if, perchance, one sadder line 

May mingle with the strain. 
For those, the lost, whose loving voice 

We ne'er shall hear again, 
Let this rejoice the heavy heart. 

And light the dimming eye. 
The gates of Eden are not closed 

To Theta Delta Chi. 

Then fill your goblets till the wine 

Shall kiss the blushing brim. 
Till morn is red, and night is dead. 

And stars are waning dim. 
Stir up the lagging steeds of Time, 

And speed them as they fly. 
We'll pledge this night to pure delight. 

And Theta Delta Chi. 

Chorus 

O, 'tis Theta Delta Chi, 'tis Theta Delta Chi ; 

We'll pledge this night to pure delight, and Theta Delta Chi. 



370 THE SHIELD 

ZETA SHOUTS HER CHORUS 
Air — ^^ Sparkling and Bright.^'' 

The hand's warm clasp, when brothers grasp, 

No earthly power can sever ; 
And a brother's love, all change above, 

Shall cling to the heart forever. 

CHORUS 

Then laugh and sing, ere Time can fling 

His chilling shadow o'er us ; 
L,et young delight put care to flight, 

With Zeta's ringing chorus. 

The sacred chain shall our hearts retain 
In its links of fond devotion. 

While brims each soul, like the blushing bowl. 
With the wine of warm emotion. 

Each spirit keep, in memory deep. 

Our motto's mystic beauty ; 
Let it shine afar like a pilot star. 

O'er the holy path of duty. 

And thus each day shall glide away, 

In bliss to perfect ending ; 
Aud life be bright with a rainbow light, 

Of tears aud sunshine blending. 

Old Time shall fly more merrily by. 
When joy has plumed his pinions, 

Aud not a shade from his wings be laid 
On love and youth's dominions. 



Then laugh and sing ; Time ne'er can fling 

His baneful shadow o'er us. 
While hope is bright and our hearts are light 

And the Zeta shouts her chorus. 

It is interesting here to note how the Hay genius has descended. The 
September Harper's remonstrates with its readers, from the "bookshelf" 
in the following vein : 

The poet sees things in the abstract, and his verse is the product of a 
certain elevation of thought ; but in this busy age it would seem that our 
minds are for the most part taken up with the concrete things that natu- 
rally find expression in prose, and few are able to attain sufficient serenity 
and detachment from every-day affairs to cultivate the poetic vision or 



JUST GOSSIP 371 

even to read the poems which others have written. It would seem worth 
while, however, to make a special effort to secure a period of quietude for 
the enjoyment of such poetry as Helen Hay Whitney has produced in Son- 
nets and Songs. Mrs. Payne Whitney is the daughter of John Hay, Secre- 
tary of State, and her literary ability is well known. She will be remem- 
bered as the author of The Hose of Dawn and other poetical works. In 
the present collection the sonnets are particularly worthy of commenda- 
tion. In this graceful but difficult verse-form Mrs. Whitney writes with 
entire naturalness and ease, and each verse is a perfect and symmetrical 
expression of a thought or a mood. One would not wish a word added to 
or subtracted from any one of them, and this ideal completeness of ex- 
pression gives deep satisfaction to the lover of poetry. Undoubtedly many 
persons will find among these verses some which will seem to contain the 
final and sufficient setting forth of ideas which they themselves have long 
cherished. 

THE "36" CLUB DINNER 

Through mischance the first of what are to be annual meetings and 
banquets of the "36" Club, under which name the members of the former 
Epsilon Deuteron Charge have formed an Alumni Association, which was 
held Tuesday evening, February 21, at Muschenheim's Arena, West 31st 
Street, New York City, has till now been unreported. 

At the business meeting, immediately before the dinner, Jack Hess, 
'98, was elected President of the Club and L. R. Hopton, '96, and H. C. 
Jackson, '96, were chosen as Secretary and Treasurer, respectively, for the 
ensuing year. There were twelve out of the thirty-four members of the 
Club present and as this was the "First" dinner, it forecasts that next year 
a larger number will undoubtedly be present. 

The banquet table was prettily decorated with greens and cut flowers, 
and at each place was a small silk Yale flag and boutonnie of violets, 
while on the wall back of the President's chair hung one of the oaken Epsi- 
lon Deuteron shields of Theta Delta Chi. 

All did full justice to the good things placed before them in the shape 
of things eatable and drinkable, and the evening passed merrily with 
reminiscences and song. Letters were read from many of the absent mem- 
bers, regretting their inability to be present and sending "best wishes," 
and a telegram of "greeting" was also sent by the Yale Theta Delts at 
dinner in New York to their brother Theta Delts at Convention banquet in 
Chicago. 

The names of those present are as follows : Burton D. Blair, '91 ; Her- 
man D. Clark, '93 ; A. J. Gilmour, '95 ; H. C. Jackson, '96 ; L. R. Hopton, 
'96; A. G. Hiipfel, '96; D. B. Deming, '97 ; Richard Krementz, '98 ; James 
Hess, '98 ; Fred R. Jourdan, '99 ; J. W. Gannon, '99 ; H. W. Russ, '00. 



372 THE SHIELD 

RESOLUTIONS OF NEW YORK GRADUATE ASSOCIATION 

At a meeting of the officers of the New York Graduate Association of 
Theta Delta Chi held at No. 56 Broadway, Thursday, July 6, 1905, the 
following resolutions were presented by Colonel William L. Stone, the His- 
torian of that body, and on motion were unanimously adopted. 

Whereas, It has pleased the Almighty, in his inscrutable Providence, 
to remove unto Himself our Brother, Colonel John Hay ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That in the death of Brother Hay, our country has lost the 
greatest Secretary of State it has ever had ; that literature has been de- 
prived of one of its brightest ornaments ; and that the Fraternity of 
THETA DELTA CHI mourns one of her most beloved, esteemed and 
loyal members ; 

Resolved, That the following saddening yet hopeful lines written by 
our Brother shortly after his initiation into the Zeta Charge of our Brother- 
hood, and while an undergraduate of Brown University, are, at the pre- 
sent time particularly applicable : 

"And if, perchance, one sadder line 
May mingle with the strain. 
For those, the lost, whose loving voice 

We ne'er shall hear again ; 
Let this rejoice the heavy heart. 
And light the dimming eye ; 
The Gates of Eden are not closed 
To Theta Delta Chi." 

And, be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, suitably engrossed, be sent 
to Mrs. Hay and family. 

WiivLis S. Paine, 

President 
Homer D. Brookins, 

Secretary 

The foregoing resolutions were communicated to Mrs. Hay through a 
copy engrossed in the handsomest possible manner in black, white and light 
blue, the colors of the Fraternity, the name of John Hay resting in the cen- 
ter of the document upon a cloud of purple painted by the artist as a back- 
ground. In acknowledgment the following letter dated Newbury, New 
Hampshire, July 23, was received by Brother Willis S. Paine. 

"I am writing at the request of my mother, Mrs. John Hay, to thank 
you for your letter of the 21st of July and to say that while she appreciates 
the kind thought which prompts you to make the suggestion of a monu- 
ment to be erected by the Theta Delta Chi Society in memory of my father, 
she does not think it desirable to have it done as she is sure that it would 
not be in accordance with the invariable rule of his life to shun publicity 
as much as possible. 



JUST GOSSIP 373 

My mother also wishes me to ask you to convey her thanks to the 
officers of the New York Graduate Association of Theta Delta Chi for the 
resolutions adopted by them and hopes that you will accept for yourself the 
sincere appreciation of all your sympathy. I am, 

Yours sincerely, 

CI.ARKNCE L. Hay 

^^ e^^ ft^* 

It is believed that the last letter written by Colonel Hay to a member 
of the Fraternity is as follows : 

"Bad Nauheim, den 22 May, 1905. 
Grand Hotei, Kaiserhof 

Besitzer : H. Haberland. 
Telephon. 
Dear Mr. Paine : — 

Thanks for your kind letter. There is not a word of truth in the story 
you send me. I have improved somewhat, it is true, but I have no inten- 
tion of making any visits and am not in condition to make any official or 
social engagements. 

Thanking you for your kind offer and regretting I cannot take advant- 
age of it, I am, with best wishes, 

Sincerely yours, 

(Signed) John Hay." 
It may be added that Colonel Paine received another letter from Colonel 
Hay written from the same locality shortly before the foregoing communi- 
cation was penned. 

GRADUATE CLUB REPORT 

The printed report of President Frank N. Dodd, Rho Deuteron, '91, 
to the Ninth Annual Meeting of the Graduate Club shows the past has been 
a most interesting and successful year of its history. The financial pros- 
perity of the Club seems well assured, — a thought pleasing to contemplate, — 
and the treasury contains a substantial balance at the end of the fiscal year, 
notwithstanding generous expenditures to provide for the pleasure and 
comfort of the members. 

The report proceeds : "The matter of providing Shield subscriptions 
has been actively taken up, and every member is now in regular receipt of 
a copy of The Shield, at the expense of the Club. One result of this will 
undoubtedly be to bind our membership more closely to the general interests 
of the Fraternity at large, by assuring each member of the receipt of its 
official organ, and thus enabling them to be familiar with all current mat- 
ters of fraternal interest. On the other hand, the constant support derived 
by The Shield from the subscriptions of an organization, the numbers of 



374 ^-^^ SHIELD 

whose membership may be considered as approximately 200, cannot fail to 
be most heartily welcomed by those responsible for the prosperity of The 
vShieIvD. I conceive it to be a prime duty of every graduate organization 
in our Fraternity to render this assistance in establishing and rendering 
secure and permanent this most important institution of our Fraternity. * * 

"The Entertainment Committee has had in charge the organized re- 
unions of the Club. The birthday smoker was held this year on June 4th, 
the regular day having fallen on Sunday ; it was a general meeting of mem- 
bers and friends at the Club rooms ; refreshments were provided, and with 
song and story an enjoyable evening was spent until a late hour." 

"In place of the other smokers which we have had in former years, it 
was decided this winter to try the experiment of having monthly dinners, 
under the direction of the Entertainment Committee, held the first Friday 
of every month. Several of these have already been given ; they have 
been very enjoyable, and well attended, the total number of brothers 
present being thoroughly representative of the whole resident membership 
of the Club. 

"It has always been a profession of our Club that we are not merely 
local, but aim to be a thoroughly representative body of Theta Delts, inter- 
ested not only in our own organization, but in everything which is of inter- 
est to Theta Delta Chi. We believe that the past year shows how we have 
made sti'ides in this direction in many ways." 

The Club rooms are at 1424 Broadway, and are always open to itinerant 
Theta Delts. 

6^' ft^*' ^^ 

Editor of the Shield : — 

I enclose the following from Harper's Weekly thinking it might be of 
interest to the Zeta Charge, as Brockmeyer, '55, was a loyal Theta Delt and 
a college mate of Hay and myself. 

The last paragraph, however, is a contemptible slander as Brother 
Brockmeyer spoke as good English as any cultivated gentleman. 

William L. Stone. 

Mt. Vernon, N. Y., September, 1905. 

the business of the day 

Representative Champ Clark tells of an amusing story in connection 
with the inauguration of Thomas T. Crittenden as Governor of Missouri, a 
ceremony attended with more frills than any other in the State since the 
civil war. 

According to Mr. Clark, there were on this occasion military organiza- 
tions and bands galore, and special car-loads of people came from Kansas 
City and St. Louis to witness the pageant. Captain Hawley, of St. Louis, 
was grand marshal of the day. Lieutenant-Governor Brockmeyer, a quaint 



JUST GOSSIP 375 

character, was presiding over the Senate ; and as he awaited notice of the 
time for the Senate to proceed to the hall of the House of Representatives, 
where the two bodies in joint session were to receive the new Governor, he 
lolled back in his chair on the President's stand and smoked a big corn-cob 
pipe with the utmost nonchalance. 

The Senate lobby was crowded, and the Senators were in their seats, on 
the tiptoe of expectancy, — for the strains of martial music could be heard 
from all directions. At this juncture a figure in a glittering and lirilliant 
uniform pushed through the crowd and marched half-way up the aisle. 
This was Marshal-of-the-day Hawley. Drawing his sword, he made a pro- 
found military salute, and announced with much pomposity : 

"Mr. President, the Governor of Missouri and his staff now approach !" 

Without removing his pipe from his mouth, Lieutenant-Governor 
Brockmeyer responded : 

'"Veil, let him come ; dot is vot we are here for." — Harper's Weekly. 

(^" t^^ ^^ 

The Sonntagsblatt der New York Staats-Zeitung of September 3, 1905, 
contained an article by Rudolf Tombo, Sr. , father of the ex-president of the 
Grand Lodge, on "Amerikanische Studentenverbindungen : Ihre Aufange 
und iiberraschende Entwickelung, — Muttervereine und Zweigvereine, — 
Pflege der Wissenschaft und Geselligkeit, — Ihr Einfluss auf das Collegele- 
ben." Father Tombo under the above formidable title expounds to the 
Teutons of New York in their native tongue the history, organization and 
influence of the "geheime Gesellschaften" describes their songs and "Abzei- 
chen," and naturally makes frequent nse of Theta Delta Chi in illustration. 
The article is accompanied by half a dozen pictures, among which are the 
"Theta Delta Chi House, Columbia University," "Theta Delta Chi House, 
Cornell," the "Old Masonic Lodge, Williamsburg, Va.," where our Con- 
vention of 1856 was held, and a representation of The Shield of Theta 
Delta Chi. The closing paragraph is with peculiar appropriateness quoted 
in this memorial number of The Shield. It reads : "Als der verstorbene 
John Hay zum Botschafter in London ernannt war und sich einen Tag vor 
seiner Abreise in New York aufhielt, gingen ihm allerhand ehrende Einla- 
dungen seitens der Behorden und politischen Clubs fiir den Abend zu. Er 
lehnte sie alle ab und verbrachte den Abend mit den jungen Verbindungs- 
briidern seiner Fraternity Theta Delta Chi ; die Erinnerung an die Tage 
seiner Tugend, da er selbft ein thatiges Mitglied der Verbindung war, gait 
ihm hoher als alle Ehrungen der offiziellen Welt." 




K 



IM E/ IVI O R I 



JOHN HENRY ALTSCHU 
Chi Deuteron, 1899 

Omega, July 8th. 1905. 
Whereas, Our Heavenh^ Father, in his infinite wisdom and infinite 
mercy, has seen fit to summon from this earthly life to a grander life of im- 
mortality, a brother of our beloved fraternity and of our beloved Charge, 
John Henry Altschu, Chi Deuteron, '99; and 

Whereas, Brother John Henry Ai,tschu was universally honored 
for his purity and nobility of character, respected for his high attainments 
and demonstrated ability, and loved with a sincere and deep devotion for 
his unvarying kindliness and helpfulness, for his great-hearted, whole- 
souled affection towards his brothers, and for his intense loyalty and de- 
voted service to the Charge and to the Fraternity ; and 

Whereas, The brothers of Chi Deuteron are well nigh stunned by the 
terrible blow and by the irreparable loss that has come upon them ; there- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, That the Chi Deuteron Graduate Association, of which 
Brother Altschu was one of the organizers and the first President, and the 
Chi Deuteron Charge, in special and joint meeting assembled, do express in 
this feeble form their overwhelming sorrow at his untimely death ; and do 
convey their heartfelt sympathy to the stricken family ; and be it also 

Resolved, That they attend the funeral in a body, and order that the 
badge be draped in mourning for a period of thirty days from date hereof ; 
and be it furthermore 

Resolved, That these resolutions be entered upon the minutes of the 
Chi Deuteron Charge and Graduate Association, and that a copy be sent to 
the family and to the Shield. 

For the Chi Deuteron Graduate Association : 

Stanton C. Peelle, 
Harry T. Domer, President. 

Secretary. 

For the Chi Deuteron Charge : 

Charles H. Tompkins, 
Curtis B. Backus, President. 

Secretary. 
Washington, D. C, July ioth, 1905. 



IN ME MORI AM . 377 

JOHN MANNING HARTS 
Iota Deuteron, September, 1902 
Omega, September 22, 1905 

Whereas, Since it has been the will of God to call from this world 
our beloved brother, John Manning Harts, we cannot but bow to the decree 
of a wisdom superior to our own ; but we desire to express our heartfelt 
sense of bereavement, and to extend our sympathy to those by whom our 
brother was held dear. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the relatives of 
our departed brother, to each of the Charges and to the Shield for publi- 
cation. 

For the Iota Deuteron Charge of Theta Delta Chi : 

Albert F, Buchanan, '06, 
John M. Redick, '07, 
Robert T. Currier, '08. 
October loth, 1905 
WiLLiAMSTowN, Massachusetts 



AUGUSTUS SAMUEL MILLER 

Zeta, 1871 

Omega, September 26, 1905 

For .'^S much as it has pleased the Almighty God in his infinite wis 
dom to remove from this life our beloved brother, AUGUSTUS Samuel 
Miller, be it 

Resolved, That in appreciation of his regard for us, and with a sense of 
the love and esteem which we had for him in life, and of the loss in having 
this brother removed from our midst, we hereby declare our profound sor- 
row ; and be it further 

Resolved, That we hereby extend to his bereaved family the sincere 
sympathy of the members of the Zeta Charge of the Theta Delta Ch 
Fraternity. 

It is moreover the will of the Charge that copies of these resolutions be 
sent to his family, and also to the Shield for publication. 
For the Zeta Charge. 

Percy Shires,' 
Frank H. Childs, 
George F. Franse. 



EDI 



O R I A L S 



J. BOYCE SMITH, Jr. _ _ _ 

loo Broadway, New York City. 



Editor 



He crowned his lifework by serving as Secretary of the State 
with such farsightedyiess of the future and such loyalty to lofty ideas 
as to confer lasting benefits 7iot only upo?i our own country, but upon 
all the stations of the earth. — Theodore Roosevelt. 

The present number of the Shield is in effect a memorial to 
John Hay. It is ventured to assert that no other human event 
induces such profound questioning as a near death. And the 
death of a great national or international public 
John Hay character is near to the whole great thinking 
world, bringing it to at least a momentary mental 
pause, to consider its loss and announce its estimate of the social 
value of the lifework ended. Such a great national figure was 
the now entombed Secretary of our State, and the late pride and 
ornament of our Fraternity. His death caused the nations to halt 
and make their appraisment, and the preceding pages show how, 
with one accord, they rated both his personality and his works as 
rich in the essence of eternity. And the judgment of the fore- 
most and best poised man of the period is, that the life departed 
'Conferred lasting benefits up07i all the nations of the eaj'thy Eu- 
logy is beggarded by this tribute and it would be vain for us 
to make a pretence of further praise. We can but commend to our 
readers the contributions hereinbefore contained touching Brother 
Hay's life, career, and hope of deathless fame. 



EDITORIAL 379 

The gratitude of those in whose hands this number comes 
should go out in generous measure to the brothers who by dint 
of skilful and self-sacrificing labor have been able to give us such 

impressive and detailed pictures of a life 
Our Benefactors of commanding interest not alone to the 

Fraternity but to the world. A diversity 
appears in the respective ages and qualifications of these bene- 
factors. Brother Stone put into his portrayal the skill of half a 
century of literary habit and an intimate, personal knowledge of 
his subject, dating from the time he and Brother Hay were college 
mates together and continuing to the hour of death. Thus 
Brother Stone was magnificently equipped for his task. It will 
better enable our readers to attach to his article its proper value 
to state that Brother Stone enjoys a wide distinction in historical 
circles as a student and writer of history, being the author of 
over twenty works and member of more than fifty literary, his- 
torical, and scientific societies. He was, moreover, an editor of 
and frequent contributor to the Shield when it was in its early 
volumes, and to his high favor with the calm muse, Clio, we owe 
the inspired history of the Fraternity which appears in the Me- 
morial Volume. Further than this Brother Stone is a most ar- 
dent and steadfast Theta Delt, and the Fraternity is fortunate 
indeed in the possession of him and in his gift of this late pro- 
duct of his talents. Our other benefactor is in the pride and 
fulness of youth, but highly endowed, too, with the talent of 
true and apt expression, and zealous to hear the call of his Fra- 
ternity and satisfy her need. His stately Memorial History of 
John Hay is at once a credit to his genius and ambition and a 
treasure to the Fraternity, if not to a larger society. Brother 
Domer is a Washingtonian lawyer and is thus made intimate 
with his subject both by residence and intellectual training. 

ft^* C^^ fi^'* 

The supreme test of an order is the test of spirituality. 
Spiritual potentiality must be an integral part of every structure 



38o THE SHIELD 

that would command a place among the high things of life. 
Theta Delta Chi is not at war with this 
The All gathering rule ; and in adopting the cardinal virtues 
Omega as the guide and inspiration of her inter- 

course, in loudly calling for the apprecia- 
tion and pursuit of the ideal by her members, and especially in 
her belief in the existence of an Omega Charge does Theta Delta 
Chi satisfy the supreme test. Our Friendship is divine, and 
triumphs over death ! It bridges the grave ! The chosen of 
Theta Delta Chi pass from mortal life to a common and eternal 
joy in the Halls of the all-gathering Omega. 

"There we shall meet once more, 
United as of yore ; 
Amid Omega's flowers 
Love cannot die." 

It is a beautiful and inspiring belief. Few fraternities can 
boast of as lofty, — none of a more sublime. It is rich in hope 
and comfort and links the present with the past and future as no 
other conception could. Never was the fraternity in greater need 
of its comfort than at present. Brother Hay has left the Halls 
of Zeta. And now comes word that on September 26th from the 
same man nourishing shrine the spirit of Brother Augustus S. 
Miller, Mayor of Providence, R. I., started on its final journey. 
On October nth was flashed the the third sad message that 
Brother S. Fred Nixon, Speaker of the New York State Assem- 
bly, and a loyal graduate member of the Psi Charge, had suc- 
cumbed to death. On these three illustrious fellow-members the 
fell scythe-stroke has fallen. But the portals of Omega open to 
them ! They have passed through and on, but our beautiful 
creed preserves them to the Fraternity still. The triumph of 
Death is a barren one. They are not destroyed ; but live, 
irrevocably absent, in the celestial fane of our faith, watching 
thence over its varying fortune on earth, and waiting to welcome 
those who follow after. Live worthily to keep this fortune "con- 
stant and ever on the increase," and thus win honor in the Charge 
Invisible. 

ft^ e^w ft^ 



EDITORIAL 381 

A most refreshing communication was recently received from 
the newly installed General Secretary of the Iota Graduate Asso- 
ciation, which is so full of suggestion and 
Problems and so happy a basis for comment that we repro- 
Methods duce it in full, as follows : 

Dear Brother Smith : 

Some four or five weeks ago Brother S. R. Wrightington, Iota, '97, re- 
signed his position as general secretary of the Iota Graduate Association, 
which he has held since the founding of the association, to me. There are 
many points for me to learn before I can get into the running and among 
other things I should like to be in close touch with the Shield. In the 
June number I saw a request that some graduate might send graduate in- 
formation io the Shield editor and I thought that unless some other Iota 
graduate was sending information to you that possibly I might be of as- 
sistance. You may not know the system employed in our association so I 
will tell you something about it. 

The general secretary holds his office as long as he wishes, or does his 
work, and has full powers. He appoints a graduate secretary for each class 
upon graduation and this secretary is supposed to keep in touch with each 
member of his class who joins the association. 

Four times a year, at stated times, and as often besides as he wishes, 
the general secretary writes to the class secretaries giving them Charge and 
graduate news which they are to embody in their letters to the men in 
their various classes. After writing these letters they notify the general 
secretary that the letters have been sent. They also keep him in touch 
with the doings of the men to whom they write. At various times during 
the year the association gives a Beer Night at the Charge house and in this 
way the old graduates are brought together and have an opportunity to 
meet the new men of the Charge. 

I imagine that it is rather late now for me to give any information for 
the next issue of the Shield, but if it is not let me know and I will gladly 
send you a few notes. 

The night before the Harvard-Yale game we shall have a Beer Night at 
the Iota house and shall expect a large number of graduates to be there. 
We shall be glad to see any Brothers who are coming on for the same and 
will give them a welcome if they will drop in. 

You doubtless go to the Graduate Club in New York frequently and if 
you will put up a notice in the club rooms to the effect that Brothers will 
be welcomed in Cambridge the night before the game you will be doing me 

a favour. 

Believe me, fraternally yours, 

Ernst M. Parsons, '03, 

General Secretary. 
1002 Paddock Building, Boston. 



382 THE SHIELD 

The first thought which rises is of commendation for Iota 
for the thorough and systematic way in which she is organizing 
and unifying her graduate membership. We doubt if any other 
Charge can show as fine and effective a system. It is worthy of 
close study and imitation by the graduates of other Charges. The 
matter of graduate organization b}'- Charges is one respecting 
which the Shiei<d has felt and expressed itself quite strongly of 
late, and such a report as the above from Iota must call forth our 
hearty endorsement and felicitations. Again we take occasion to 
express the view that this matter is of prime iinporta^ice to the 
present and future of the Fraternity, and to urge immediate 
thought and action among the alumni of all Charges on this sub- 
ject of graduate organization, — inauguration of a government or 
the perfection of an existing organization. The local strength of 
Theta Delta Chi depends largely upon the Charge Graduate Asso- 
ciatio7is. 

The second point for favorable, and we hope resultful, com- 
ment, is on the words "I should like to be in close touch with 
the Shield. In the June number I saw a request that some 
graduates might send information to the Shield editor and I 
thought that unless some other Iota graduate was sending infor- 
mation to you that possibly I might be of assistance." This in- 
dication of interest in the Shield and proffer of assistance nat- 
urally meets with our unqualified approbation and is heartily 
recommended for widespread emulation. But with all the earn- 
estness at our command we urge that Iota and all other Graduate 
Associations take a decisive step y«r///«?r in the same direction. 
The precise direction and locus ad quo of this step we have al- 
ready pointed out more than once. Our adjuration is simply that 
all graduate associations make provision to supply their members 
regularly with the Shield. The immediate benefits that would 
result to the Fraternity if this plan were carried out are un- 
deniable and its virtue and practicability have been put to the 
test and have issued forth triumphant. We fling forth a general 
challenge to produce at this time any other suggestion for the 
Fraternity's good that is at once so simple and so fraught with 
possibilities, — aye certainties, — of benefit. Let, then, the local 
powers consider the matter at their next convocation, make rules 



EDITORIAL 383 

embodying the suggested reform and communicate with the busi- 
ness manager. The New York Graduate Club, a typical and 
representative graduate body, has by special arrangement been 
supplying its members with the Shield for some time past. We 
call attention to the annual report of the president of that asso- 
ciation summarized earlier iu this number wherein is expressed 
his opinion of the wisdom and advantages of the move. The 
Chi, Rochester, Xi, Rho Deuteron and several other associations 
enumerate the regular receipt of the Shield among the privileges 
of membership. It is the logical and orderly solution of the 
problem of Shield support. And to all these arguments we add 
another and a stronger one. It is the argument of dire, material 
necessity. The present foundation of the Shield is inadequate 
for its support. The condition is becoming really serious. Grad- 
uates in general cannot be relied upon to send in their individual 
subscriptions and the cost to the volunteer management in time, 
and dollars "drumming up" subscriptions is a deplorable and 
unnecessary waste, and the returns from this irregular system 
are sporadic and meagre. Meanwhile the cost of production is 
increasing and higher standards are being set both by the subjec- 
tive pressure of our own ambitions and ideals of progress and by 
the real and unquestioned journalistic advancement of our rivals. 
If Theta Delts want their Shield to continue on a par with the 
best fraternity publications it behooves them to heed this warn- 
ing. The Shield must be put on a more stable and permanent 
basis. The relation of the Shield to the organized undergrad- 
uates is ideally established. Every one is perforce a subscriber. 
But the organized graduates pause before the way to fraternal 
unity and devotion and cast lingering and reluctant looks down 
the broad path of individualism and indifference. We say that 
this is shortsighted and inconsiderate ; — inconsiderate of their 
duty to lend organized support to a volunteer management which 
is carrying on a difficult fraternity work with the labor of the 
task as a sole reward ; — shortsighted in not appreciating the need 
of every Theta Delt for the Shield as a reminder of his allegiance 
and as tinder to the spark of his devotion. "I should like to be 
in close touch with the Shield." So would every member 
beneath whose jeweled emblem beats a true Theta Delt heart. Or 
consider the following : 



384 THE SHIELD 

Hudson, Wis., September 8th, 1905. 
Mr. H. K. McCann, Elizabeth, N. J. 

Dear Brother. — The Convention copy of "The Shield of Theta 

Delta Chi" was on my desk when I returned from vacation a week since. 

I believe you are right that I cannot afford to do without "the story of 

Brother Ha3''s career." Hence the enclosed dollar for a year's subscription 

beginning with September issue. 

Very truly j-ours in Theta Delta Chi. 

C. T. Burnley. 

The graduates want the Shield, and it is good for the Fra- 
ternity that they should have it. The graduate associations 
ought to put it in their hands, each and every one. The asso- 
ciations say : "We can't afford to buy the Shield for our mem- 
bers from the present dues for fear of depleting our treasury for 
local needs ; and we can't afford to raise our dues for fear of di- 
minishing our membership." In rejoinder we suggest that good 
Theta Delts can ill afford to be without the Shield and graduate 
associations can ill afford to be without good Theta Delts. Their 
defense savors strong of the age-old error of him who built his 
soul a pleasure house only to find his soul had fled. It is high 
time the graduate associations woke from the sweet sleep of 
apathy and indifference to the Shield in which they have been 
luxuriating. 

e^* c^^ ^^w 

This number of the Shield contains the grateful news that 
Brothers Norman Hackett and Edward Van Winkle have under- 
taken to edit the writings of Brother Nathan L,a Fayette Bach- 
man, for publication. The volume will be 
The Bachman essentially Theta Delt and the edition of five 
riemorial hundred copies will be disposed of exclusively 
to subscribers from the Fraternity. The ex- 
trinsic details of makeup and price are given elsewhere in this 
number, and it is sincerely hoped that all loyal Theta Delts who 
are lovers of the beauty of poetry and prose will add the volume 
to their library. Subscriptions should be sent to E. Van Winkle, 
Flatiron Building, New York City. The returns as reported at 
the date of this writing are on the whole encouraging, but there 
has not been as yet a proper response from the undergraduates. 
The Charge ofl&cers should bring the matter before the active 



EDITORIAL 385 

members at an early meeting. Of course a subscription should 
be taken out for each Charge. Besides the merit of the publica- 
tion, the object for which it is being issued is an additional com- 
mendation. The profits are to be applied to a memorial scholar- 
ship for Brother Bachman's son. Nothing more need be said to 
those who know, revere and love the grand fraternal figure of 
"Old Fate" and those who have not yet learned to do so had 
best consult Volume XIX, Number 3 of the Shield, and in fact 
nearly every volume before and since. 

a^* f^* f^^ 

It is unfortunate that with each issue we should have to 
make apologies for a belated appearance, but there have been un- 
usual circumstances which made it morally impossible to avoid 
the delay in every case. We look to better this condition of 
things in future. It is expected that the work of editing the 
Shield will be distributed among a number by a feasible plan, 
before the December number comes out, and then a more timely 
appearance may be looked for. 

C^' t^* ^* 

Subscribers, etc., will confer a favor on the Editor and insure 
a more prompt and certain attention to their remittances, and 
communications respecting subscriptions, if they will recognize 
the distinction between the duties of the Editor and those of the 
Business Manager and send matter of the nature indicated above 
direct to the latter. 



The Shield has only one exhortation for the newly initiated 
members of the several Charges, and it is, — to delve in the litera- 
ture of the Fraternity. 



OUR GRADUATES 




READ THIS ! 

The importunate appeal for graduate personals made in the last number reached more 
than one heedful ear. Items beyond the usual quantity have been sent in, and several of the 
remitters signified their willingness to be put upon the list of volunteers from whom regular 
contributions miglit be expected. All this is very gratifying and auspicious to the future of 
this department. But there are still a few vacancies in the list. We are quite at your mercy 
in this all important matter. Graduate Personals, differing in this respect from the mass of 
really worthy things, must have an external source. Will you not send in something? Con- 
tributions should be directed to J. Boyce Smith, Jr., loo Broadway, New York City. Be a 
contributor ! 



BETA 

Frederick E. Wadhams, '73, of Albany, was elected Treasurer of the 
American Bar Association at the annual meeting held at Naragansett Pier 
in Augttst. 

C. L. Marx, '78, has an interesting and instructive article in the Sep- 
tember Popular Science in which he strongly advocates the desirability of 
all educated citizens having some knowledge of engineering principles. 
The views of Professor Marx are favored by the Electrical Review. 

Ernest AA^. Huffcut, '84, spent the summer in Europe, travelling in 
England, Scotland, Belgium, Holland and France. Among other pleasant 
experiences were a luncheon at The American Ambassadors at Dorchester 
House, lyondon, and a visit to Mr. Carnegie at Skibo Castle, Scotland. 
Brother Huffcut has an article on Interference with Contracts and Business 
in New York in Number 6, Vol. xviii of the Harvard Law Review of which 
reprints were issued. We note also the following evidences of his activity : 

The Elective System in Law Schools ; address as president of the Assoc, 
of Amer. Law Schools, St. Louis, Sept. 26, 1904. (Report of the Amer. 
Bar Assoc, 1904, vol. xxvii, ) 

Also in the Amer. I,aw .School Review, Jan. -Feb., 1905, vol. i., p. 24S. 

chairman. [Proceedings and report of the sub-committee of the 



OUR GRADUATES 387 

Grievance Committee of the N. Y. State Bar Association in reference to Mr. 
Justice Hooker.] (Report of the 2Sth Annual Meeting of the N. Y. State 
Bar Assoc, 1905, appendix p. i.) 

GAMMA DEUTERON 

Arthur H. Vesey, '93, has written a new book "The Clock and the Key" 
published by Appleton. The Critic of September, 1905, gives the following 
very complimentary review of Brother Vesey's book. "The kind of in- 
genuity that this book displays is not very much in fashion nowadays, 
which is one reason, perhaps, why it impresses the reader as so fresh and 
agreeable. It is mysterious without being sensational, sparkling without 
being trashy. And it is as good reading as a book can be that does not pre- 
tend to touch the essentials of life or character. There is a romantic ele- 
ment, which is very subordinate. It is the mystery of the Venetian clock, 
and not the romantic destiny of the American heroine, that keeps the reader 
thrilled until the last page." 

Hugh F. McQaughey, '93. Winona Daily Republican says, speaking 
of Southern Minnesota Medical Association : Dr. Hugh McGaughey of this 
city, gave a paper on "Cardiac Complications of Rheumatic Fever." 

H. H. Van Tuyl, '96, has entered upon the practice of medicine at 40 
Charlotte Ave., Detroit, Mich. His residence is at The Washington, 502 
Cass Ave. 

Norman Hackett, '98. The "Wandering Thespian" is being specially 
featured this season in support of that sterling favorite, Louis James, with 
whom Brother Hackett has been so pleasantly connected on previous thea- 
trical tours. "Norm" refused to entertain propositions from Richard Mans- 
field and other sagacious managers because of the very favorable contract 
offered him by J. J. Coleman, independent manager to Mr. James. He 
will play leading roles in Virgi7iuinis, higontar, and Richelieu. 

DELTA 

J. F. Echeverria, '84, was recently appointed Secretary of the Treasury 
of the Republic of Costa Rica. His father was at one time Secretary of 
that Republic. 

EPSIIiON 

Arthur D. Wright, '04, spent the summer travelling through New Eng- 
land in the interest of his father's tobacco factory. Interspersed with busi- 
ness were several pleasant Fraternity visits to the homes of Zeta, Iota and 
Kappa, and to a number of individual Theta Delts. 

Charles Irving Carey, '05, is principal of the School at Prentis Place, 
Portsmouth, Va., which position Brother A. R. W. Mackreth, '04, left to 
return to the stafiF of the Richmond Times- Dispatch. 



388 THE SHIELD 

Thomas N. Laurence, '05, has entered the Theological Seminary at 
Alexandria, Virginia, to study for the Episcopal ministry. 

Joel C. Rawls, '06, is attending the University College of Medicine, at 
Richmond, Va. 

George E. Fletcher, '08, has left college to accept a very desirable 
position with a concern in Lawrence, Mass., engaged in the manufacture of 
loom harness. 

EPSILON DEUTEE.ON 

Richard Ten Broeck, '01, has been visiting in New York, this summer. 
Permanent address, Town Club, Louisville, N. Y. 

ZETA 

Franklin Burdge, '56, most loyal aud laboring of Theta Delts, spent 
the summer on the continent. A card from Heidelberg to 1424 Broadway, 
■dated August loth, bears greetings from F. B. to the Theta Delta Chi Grad- 
uate Club, and is characteristic of the sender's constant mindfulness of his 
Fraternity. 

Alexander Meikeljohn, '93. The following appears in a recent issue of 
"Dean Meiklejohn who was for many years captain of the Pawtucket 
Cricket Club, but was obliged to resign when he became a member of the 
Brown faculty, has achieved an enviable reputation as the ablest bowler on 
the team. In commenting on his absence this summer the Providence 
Journal says that 'with the latter [Dean Meiklejohn] in the game Paw- 
tucket is generally looked upon as one of the strongest teams in this part 
Qf New England.' Three brothers of the Dean also play on the team." 

ETA 

Fred C. Stevens, '81. The St. Paul Dispatch propounds the question 
"who is the best man that the fourth district of Minnesota could send to 
represent it in Congress?" It then proceeds to answer its own question : 
"In its wisdom the fourth congressional district of Minnesota, for five 
terms has sent Fred C. Stevens, and it is not unbecoming to state that 
never has this district been represented by one who has rendered it greater 
service." 

George B. Chandler, representing New York Life Insurance Co., is 
engaged with a book publishing house at Hartford, Conn. 

Philip M. Palmer, '00, has just been elected assistant professor of 
Modern Languages at Lehigh University. 

Edward F. Moody, '03, has been ill at his home in Portland with 
typhoid. His address in Boston is Technology Chambers. 

IOTA 

J. W. Carr, '93, is professor of Germanic Languages and Literatures at 
the University of Arkansas. 



OUR GRADUATES 389 

Frank Wetmore Freeman, '05, Sp., has left the pervading academic 
calm of Cambridge to re-enter the realm of frenzied finance. He is with 
the prominent banking firm of S. H. P. Pell and Co., 43 Exchange Place, 
New York City. 

W. H. Wiggin, Jr., '92, spent six weeks on the coast of Maine this 
summer recuperating and has now returned to his post on the staff of the 
Northwestern Miller. 

S. R. Wrightington, '97, has been appointed editor of The Green Bag 
of Boston. 

Randolph Eagan, '08, is on the editorial staff of the Northwestern 

Miller. 

Donald Parson, '05, is managing one of the departments of the Youngs- 
town Car Mfg. Co., of Youngstown, O. 

IOTA DEUTERON 

Prof. Frederick C. Ferry, '91, was married on August 2, 1905, to Miss 
Anna Chamberlain in the First Congregational Church, of New Britain, 
Conn. Dr. Ferry is professor of mathematics in Williams College, and 
dean of the faculty, and the bride and groom will make Williamstown their 
home. 

Dr. Charles E. Montague, '91, is chairman of the school committee of 

Wakefield, Mass. 

Prof. Edward Bartow, '92, formerly of Kansas State University at Law- 
rence, Kans., has become professor of chemistry in the University of Illinois, 
Urbana, 111. Prof. Bartow had a serious illness from typhoid a year ago, 
but has recovered. 

Rev. Christopher W. Collier, '92, formerly of Orange, Mass., has ac- 
cepted a call to the pastorate of a large Congregational Church in Bangor, Me. 

Rev. Edwin W. Bishop, '92, of Concord, N. H., received the degree of 
D.D. from Dartmouth College last Commencement. 

Rev. William O. Wark, '92, has left Saratoga Springs, N. Y., and is 
minister of a church in Whatcom, Wash. 

Dr. Ernest N. Wilcox, '93, is practicing at Pleasantville, N. Y, 

John P. Huntington, '94, last July became the father of a daughter, 
Elizabeth Rogers Huntington, 3d. Brother Huntington's wife has been 
seriously ill the past summer but is slowly recovering, 

Lieut. Paul M. Goodrich, '94, who was stationed last winter at Fort 
Thomas, Ky., left April 18 with the Ninth Regiment U. S. Infantry on a 
two years' assignment to the Philippines. 

Olcott O. Partridge, '94, has opened a law office at 719-721 Tremont 
Building, Boston. Goldmann Edmunds, Iota '95, has offices in the same 

suite. 

Rev. William L. Sawtelle, '94, of P'ulton, N. Y., with his wife, took a 
four mouths' trip through Europe last summer. 



390 THE SHIELD 

John I. ZoUer, '95, who left college in his senior year on account of 
illness, received his degree of A. B. nunc pro tunc at Commencement in 
1905. He is in business at Little Falls, N. Y. 

James Ray Craighead, '95, formerly principal of Lansingburg Academy 
at Troy, N. Y., is now at Ithaca, N. Y. 

Dr. John A. Sampson, '95, is practicing as a surgeon and gynaecologist 
in Albany, N. Y. 

Frank M. Williams, '97, professor of chemistry in the Clarkson School 
of Technology at Potsdam, N. Y., has recently patented a device for deter- 
mining specific gravity. 

Dr. Henry C. Taylor, '99, is practicing in Springfield, Mass. 

Dr. William H. Beattie, '99, is practicing medicine in Utica, N. Y. 

A. Merrick Parker, '02. The Boston Evening Record last July contained 
the follovi^ing item about Brother Parker : 

"A. M. Parker has been appointed field secretary of Massachusetts 
Christian Endeavor Union. He was born at Swampscott in 1876, and re- 
ceived his early education there. 

In 1898 he entered Williams College and after a year there he entered 
the work of the Y. M. C. A. at Brooklyn, N. Y. From there he went to 
Worcester and acted as secretary of the boys' department of the Y. M. C. A. 
there. 

He left Worcester in 1901 to enter into business, but after three years 
of business life he was forced by his strong love of work among boys to 
re-enter the association work. His re-entrance was made as general secre- 
tary of the association in Whitman. For more than a year he has been 
successful in that capacity. 

Christian Endeavor Work has always appealed to him, and for the past 
fourteen years he has been a member of the union. For eight years he 
was a member, official, and finally president of the Congregational Society 
C. E. at Winchester. 

While at Whitman he was a member of the missionary committee of 
Bridgewater local union. At Winchester he organized several missionary 
study classes and conducted one of them. His wholesouled devotion to 
the cause of leading young people to Christ, together with his earnestness 
in the work, should make him admirably fitted for his new branch of work 
in Massachusetts." 

Arthur F. Bassett, '02, is managing an employers' mercantile agency 
in Springfield, Mass. His engagement to Miss Rose Kinsman of Spring- 
field has been recently announced. 

George L. Taylor, '03, is in the real estate business at Great Barrington, 
Mass., and is a prominent candidate for the position of clerk of the district 
court of southern Berkshire. 

John R. Royall, '03, is practicing law in the office of Edwin N. Shepard, 
in New York City. 

Alvin C. Bacon, '04, has announced his engagement to Miss Bisbee, of 



OUR GRADUATES 391 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Brother Bacon is studying at Hartford Theological 
Seminary. 

John Bridgewater, Jr., '04, is with the J. L. Hanimett Co., 250 Devon- 
shire street, Boston, dealers in school supplies. 

Edwin F. Gibbs, '04, is with the R. Iv. Perry Co., 60 Commerce street, 
Boston, manufacturers of the Samoset and La Reine chocolates. 

Clinton Mason, '04, was married recently to Miss Katharine Sykes, of 
North Adams, Mass. Edward N. Chase, '04, was best man, and George L. 
Taylor, '93, and Alvin C. Bacon and Edwin F. Gibbs, '04, were among the 
ushers. 

Abram ZoUer, '04, is at the Harvard L,aw School. 

Ernest E. Shepard, '05, is assistant cashier of the Second National 
Bank, of Winona, Minn. 

Harry T. Watson, '05, captain of last Williams eleven, is coaching the 
Hamilton College eleven and taking several courses in the college. 

Ralph McLellan, ex-'o6, is studying at Burdett's Business College in 
Boston, preparatory to going into business. 

Harold E. Nesbitt, '05, is at Harvard Law School. 

Wilbur Russell, ex-'oy, is temporarily engaged in civil engineering. 

KAPPA 

Charles Dow Clark, '95, is with Madam Schumann Heinck this season, 
playing principal comedy parts. 

Arthur Row, '01, the young man who will play the French porter in 
Cousin Billy next season, entertained some friends and their friends in- 
formally with new imitations of his devising at one of the Carnegie studios. 
His most ambitious work was the supoer scene from Tess of the D' Uber- 
villes ; his best, an imitation of Bernhardt. He also reproduced briefly some 
of the most individual mannerisms of Coquelin, Ada Rehan, and Ethel 
Barrymore, Miss Barrymore's singular voice being excellently duplicated. — 
The New York Dramatic Mirror, August 26, 1903. 

LAMBDA 

Orison Swett Marden, '77. A new work by Brother Mardeu has just 
been published. It is "The Making of a Man," a series of papers addressed 
to youthful readers and combining anecdote and instruction, according to 
the accepted models. It is the fourth of the author's "Success Books." 

Mr. John C. Ferguson, '86, chief secretary of the Imperial Chinese Rail- 
way administration, has received the distinguished honor of a decoration 
from the Emperor of Japan, in recognition of his services in connection 
with the treaty between Japan and China which was signed Oct. 8, 1904. 
Dr. Ferguson was attached to the Treaty Commission and was chiefly re- 
sponsible for the English text of the Treaty. The Treaty was written in 
Japan, Chinese, and English. This is the fourth distinguished honor 



392 THE SHIELD 

which has come to Dr. Ferguson. The Chinese Emperor had already con- 
ferred upon him two decorations, aud the President of the French Republic 
had created him Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur. 

MU DEUTERON 

Charles T. Atkinson, Jr., '99, is with the Standard Oil Co. in Yoko- 
hama, Japan. 

Charles H. Brown, Jr., '04. Mrs. Elbridge Brown, of Marblehead, 
Mass., announces the engagement of her daughter, Edith Warner, to 
Charles H. Brown, Jr., '04. Miss Brown is a graduate of Smith College. 

H. Gardner Lund, '04, is with the banking house of H. W. Poar & Co., 
52 Devonshire street, Boston. 

F. L, Thompson, '04, is an instructor in athletics in Newton, H. S. , 
Newton, Mass. 

Charles T. Fitts, '04, is teaching in Oahu College, Honolulu, H. I. 

G. C. Smith, '04, and L. G. Diehl, '05, are working with the United 
States Survey- in Idaho. 

R. N. Squire, '05, is working for the Williamsburg Trust Co., Brooklyn. 
F. Hale, Jr., '05, is in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New 
York City. 

W. W. Palmer, '05, is teaching in Milton, Mass. 

XI 

Mortimer C. Addoms, '62, was appointed a justice of the Supreme 
Court of the State of New York on October 12, 1905, by Governor Higgins 
to fill an unexpired term. He was a candidate of the Republican Party at 
the ensuing election but failed to poll the necessary vote to continue him 
in office. He has practiced law for thirty years ; was defeated for judge of 
Common Pleas Court in 1893 and for justice of Supreme Court last year ; 
and is vice-president of Union League Club and member of St. Nicholas 
Society, the Bar Association, and the Society of Medical Jurisprudence. 

Rev. F. P. Harrington, '73, has taken up his work as Rector of St. 
John's Episcopal church in Canandaigua, N. Y. , to which position he was 
called last Spring. 

PI DEUTERON 

Rudolf Tombo, Jr., has been elected Managing Editor of the Columbia 
University Quarterly by the trustees of the University Press. 

Science of October 6, 1905, contained an article by Brother Tombo on 
The Geographical Distribution of the Student Body at a Number of Ameri- 
can Universities, pp. 424-428. 

Carl Schmid, '97, has left the Rochester Optical Co., and is now asso- 
ciated with the Suffolk Photo Engraving Co. of New York. 



OUR GRADUATES 393 

William Barnhurst, '98, is head of the microscopy-photographical 
department of the Bethlehem Steel Works. 

Ernest E. Schmid, '98, has returned from Cincinnati and is now per- 
manently in New York. 

Otto J. A. Grassi, '99, left for Europe in July. He is now in Aroso, 
Switzerland, and will probably not return for a month or two. 

Arthur Howe, '00, and George Steele, '00, have under way the forma- 
tion of a Country Club for the First Signal Corps N. G. N. Y. This orga- 
nization now numbers tw-entvTheta Delts among its membership of eighty. 

Edward F. Schaeffer, 'go, spent the Summer at Sewaren. He has 
written an article on "Vaccum Peculiarities" which will soon be printed. 

Harold P. Moran, 'cx), is located at Fort Wayne, Ind., with the Kerr- 
Murray Manufacturing Company. His residence is 11 18 Harrison street. 

Harry A. Fisher, '02, is associated with Charles E. Finlay, president of 
the Albria National Bank, of New York, in Mr. Finlay's extensive real 
estate interests and operations on Long Island. Address No. i. West 34 
street, New York City. Brother Fisher is also the editor of the New Inter- 
collegiate Basket Ball Guide for 1905. 

Robert M. Schmid, '02, has matriculated at Cornell ; he has entered the 
junior class in the mechanical engineering course. Gustav P. Engel, '07, 
will enter Cornell University this fall. 

RHO DEUTERON 

William Winans, '97, was nominated for school trustee of Asbury Park 
at the Democratic Convention held there on September 19. 

F. S. De Kerson, '99, is connected with a firm of consulting engineers 
and engineering contractors, and is also secretary and treasurer of the Secor 
Realty Co. From the latest reports Brother De Kerson is busy superintend- 
ing the development of its property. 

Harry Hull St. Clair, '00, is with Senator \V. A. Clark, of Montana, 
Office, 49 Wall Street, New York City. 

Henry Field Haviland, '02, and his bride are living at 78 Norman street, 
East Orange, N. J. Brother Haviland is with Clark & MacMullen, in- 
corporated, consulting engineers, 20 Broad street. New York City. 

W. K. Fenton, '04, is in the atelier of Paul Phillipe Cret, 1624 Walnut 
street, Philadelphia, Pa., connected with the Academy of Fine Arts. He is 
a competitor for the Cressom Traveling Scholarship in Architecture. 

Herbert Benjamin, C.E., '04, is as hard a worker as he was Lacrosse 
player in the good old days. He is succeeding well with the firm of W. 
Soloman & Co. , of 25 Broad street, N. Y. Herby has an auto now. 

Harry deF. Sergeant, '04, Met. E., is still holding down an engineer's 
position in the Construction Department of the New York Telephone Com- 
pany. To the best of our knowledge the sly old "fusser" is not married yet. 

A. Roy Camp, E.M., '04, took a try at mining in Arizona during April 
and May, but from all we hear, "water and other things were too scarce." 



394 THE SHIELD 

Once more he is near Broadway and incidentally doing his old engineering 
work in the Construction Department of the New York Telephone Company. 

C. D. Trubenbach, '05, Pi Deuteron, '02, is still at it. One of his 
latest feats was the winning of the 440 yard handicap swimming race at At- 
lantic City. The events were held under the auspices of the Atlantic High- 
lands Athletic Association. Brother Trubenbach represented the N. Y. A. C. 
and was the scratch man in his race. The Neiv York World spoke of it as 
the most sensational event of the afternoon. 

Chester A. Fulton, '06, spent the summer at the mines in Vulcan, 
Michigan, with a party of mining students from Columbia. He has re- 
cently been elected captain of the track team. "Chet" is considered the 
best distance runner at the University. 

PHI 

John W. Griggs, '68, and Mrs. Griggs were abroad all summer and re- 
turned about the middle of September. 

Charles Albertson, '93, has an article on "The Dockyards and Ship- 
building Plants of Japan" in "The Engineering Magazine" for September 
and October. It is illustrated and contains as the result of Brother Albert- 
son's seven years residence, his estimate of the national growth and char- 
acteristics of the Japanese as indicated in the shipbuilding industry. 

CHI 

Willis S. Paine, '68, President of the New York Alumni Association of 
the University of Rochester, resigned the presidency of the Consolidated 
National Bank of New York City, about November i. At the same time 
Brother John W. Griggs, Phi, '68, retired from the oflSce of Director. 

Brother Paine expects shortly to make a trip around the world. The 
Directors of the Consolidated National Bank, in accepting his resignation, 
passed resolutions stating the esteem in which he is held by the directors. 
The resolutions recalled the fact that he has been President of the bank 
since its organization, and expressed the regret of the directors in parting 
with a valuable officer and in severing relations temporarily with an es- 
teemed friend. 

The directors further recorded their appreciation of Col. Paine's fidelity, 
and wished him every happiness and a safe return. The resolutions were 
spread upon the minutes, and an engrossed copy will be presented to the 
retiring president. 

Adalbert P. Little, '72, is on the list of speakers for the annual reunion 
and dinner of the New York Alumni Association of the University to be 
held at the University Club, December 4th. Brother James A. Hamilton, 
'78, is Secretary of the Association, 

E. C. Roeser, '01, is hustling things for the Manitou Beach Railway 
Co., of Rochester. 



OUR GRADUATES 395 

Ray H. Hart, '02, who for the past two years has been teaching in the 
State Normal School, Millersville, Pa., has been appointed instructor in 
English in the Newark, N. J., High School. He will begin his new duties 
September il. 

Charles L. Hincher, '03, and Hiram S. Schumacher, '03, will soon re- 
turn to John Hopkins for their third year in the medical department. 

W. J. Richter, '04, passed the New York State bar examinations at 
Rochester in June. He will practice in his native city. 

CHI DETJTERON 

C. H. Ferrell, '04, has entered the Pennsylvania R. R. shops at Altoona 
as a special apprentice. 

Bruce Magruder, '04, has been promoted to sergeant in the Coast 
Artillery. 

J. Homer Deis, '04, has received a call to an Episcopal church out West. 

Van A. Potter, '04, is in the real estate business in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
and is also continuing to study his music. 

James E. Lamb, '04, is in Brooklyn studying at the Pratt Institute. 

FSI 

J. H. Pardee, '89, is general manager of the Rochester and Eastern 
Rapid Railway, operating between Rochester, Canandaigua and Geneva. 
His home is in Canandaigua. 

Dr. J. I. France, '95, has received the nomination for the Maryland 
State Senate by the Republicans of Cecil County. The campaign will be a 
critical one in Maryland politics as the issue is the Poe amendment which 
aims to disfranchise the negro and give the Democrats entire sway in that 
state. 

Clemens J. France, '98, has been admitted to the practice of law in 
Maryland and will be one of the firm of Drake & France, having their 
offices in Baltimore. He graduated from the Baltimore Law School with 
highest honors last June. 

E. C. Maclntyre, '05, has accepted a position as instructor in Science at 
Stone School, Cornwall, N. Y., where he will have several future Hamilton 
Theta Delts, under his tutelage. 

N. V;^. Cadwell, D.D., '76, delivered at Hillsdale, Mich., the Bacca- 
laureate on June i ith, and the Detroit Free Press says it was the best one 
Hillsdale College ever heard. 

Calvin N. Kendall, '82, of Indianapolis, Superintendent of Schools, has 
received from the Emperor of China the decoration of the Order of the 
Double Dragon. This he has by reason of the impression he made upon 
Prince PuLum, special commissioner to the St. Louis Exposition and inci- 
dentally a visitor at Indianapolis. Talk about high honors ! If he will 
come on and wear his silver sun with the two dragons roosting, he shall be 



396 THE SHIELD 

marshall of the next Commencement procession. The Emperor of China is 
a person of discrimination. 

Dr. John H. Huber, '87, will soon issue through the Lippincotts an im- 
portant study upon "Consumption: Its relation to Man and his Civili- 
zation." 

Edward J. Humeston, '99, was installed pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church of Skaneateles, N. Y., July 26th. 

Marriages 

BETA 

Albert W. Smith, '78, was married at Palo Alto, California, on August 
16, to Mrs. Ruby G. Bell. Dean and Mrs. Smith will be at home at 15 East 
Ave., Ithaca, N. Y., after October first, in the fine residence recently pre- 
sented to Cornell University by Hiram W. Sibley of Rochester, as the home 
of the director of vSible)- College. 

Ernest Hervey Greenwood, '04, was married on October 11, 1905, to 
Miss Laura GriflSn Mandaville, at St. Stephen Episcopal Church, Harris- 
burg, Pa. 

ETA DEUTERON 

Walter Allen Grossman, was married on July 8, 1905, to Miss Winifred 
Salisbury at Oakland, California. Brother and Mrs. Crossman will live at 
619 Miller street, San Jose, California. 

IOTA DEUTERON 

Frederick Carlos Terry, was married on August 2, 1905, to Miss Anna 
Chamberlain, at the First Congregational Church, New Britain, Connecticut. 

Marcus Clinton Mason, '04, and Miss Katherine Bond Sykes were 
married in the Congregational Church at North Adams, Massachusetts, on 
September 13, 1905. The occasion had a distinctly college atmosphere, as 
the attendants were in nearly every instance college classmates of the bride 
or of the groom. The bridesmaids were Misses M. Elizabeth Burrell, 
Marion H. Hamlin, Edith Clare Lancaster, Ethel M. Spohr and Margaret 
Chase, all classmates of the bride in 1905 at Vassar, and Miss Elizabeth 
Cutting of North Adams. The ushers were the following members of Iota 
Deuteron : George L. Taylor, '03, Alvin C. Bacon, '04, and Edwin F. 
Gibbs, '04;' and Herbert B. Clark, Williams, '03, C. P. Johnson, Cornell, 
'06, and Edward W. Kinsley. The maid of honor was Miss Bertha W- 
Sykes; and Edward N. Chase, Iota Deuteron, '04, was best man. The cere" 
mony was performed by Rev. Dr. Theodore E. Busfield, pastor of the church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mason will make their home at Carthage, N. Y. 



OUR GRADUATES 397 

Asa Merrick Parker, '02, and Miss Adelaide Walbridge Bigelow were 
married on May 5, 1905, at Worcester, Massachusetts. 

OMICKON DEUTERON 

Walter Howell Lee, '05, was married August third to Miss Sarah Watts 
Washington, at the home of her parents 203 East Capitol street, Washing- 
ton, D. C. F. W. Albert, '05, officiated as best man. They spent their 
honeymoon on Birch Island, Squaw Lake, N. H. , and traveling in the White 
Mountains, and are now settled in Anacostia, D. C. 

CHI 

William H. Salmon, '02, was married on May 10, 1905, to Miss Flora 
Tremaine Seely at St. Pauls Church, Rochester. Brother Arthur Whitbeck, 
Chi, '02, Beta, '03, was best man. 

Brother and Mrs. Salmon will live at 734 Elmwood avenue, Buffalo. 

Necrology 

ALPHA 

Homer Holliday, '50, died September 21, 1905, at the age of 78 years, 
at Hornellsville, New York. Brother Holliday attended Ballston Law 
School and then became a member of Theta Delta Chi. After his admis- 
sion to the bar he entered into partnership with Judge William M. Hawley, 
of Hornellsville under the iirm name of Hawley & Holliday. Brother Hol- 
liday was married in October, 1852, to Sarah Jane, daughter of Judge Haw- 
ley. After Judge Hawley's death he practiced law for several years alone, 
and later associated with him William C Bingham, Esq. He was considered 
by the people of the city where he practiced, a lawj'er of fine ability, accu- 
rate and extensive learning, and a man of strict integrity. 

RESOLUTIONS IN MEMORY AND APPRECIATION OF THE LATE H. HOLLIDAY 

The bar of the city of Hornellsville having been called upon once more 
to give expression to the feelings of its members upon the death of one 
most highly esteemed, does hereby say that in the death of Homer Holli- 
day, Esq., a good business lawyer has been removed from our midst. 
While he had not been active in the practice of his profession for some 
time, he was one of the very few survivors of the older members of the bar, 
who practiced his profession at a time when there was more litigation than 
at the present day, and those vivid recollections of early events made him 
an extremely interesting character in our community. He was a man fond 
of travel and enjoyed a great fund of useful information. He possessed a 
high sense of integrity and was a gentleman of the old school. No one 
knew him but to love him and to speak well of his friendly and companion- 



398 THE SHIELD 

able temperament. The young members of the bar can ill afford to lose 
from among their ranks the sound advice and the living inspiration of in- 
tegrity which came from the lips and actions of so noble a character as 
Counsellor Holliday. 

Frank H. Robinson, 
Frank J. Nelson, 
WiNFiEi,D S. Newman, 

Committee. 

EPSILON 

William Talbot Waike, of Norfolk, Va. , vi^ho is the most recent transfer 
from Epsilon to Omega, was born in the city of Norfolk on the 31st of 
January, 1838. He was the son of Richard Walke and Mary Diana Talbot, 
both members of prominent ante-bellum Virginia families. 

Young Walke received his early training in the school of a Mr. Pollard, 
in Norfolk, and was probably advanced beyond the average when he ma- 
triculated at William and Mary, in the fall of 1854. Sometimes during the 
session of 1854-55 the Epsilon Charge ''found'''' him for a brother, and unto 
the end of his sixty-seven years of life he was ever true to the vows then 
made. During the session of 1855-56 Walke filled the position of recording 
secretary of the Epsilon, and his minutes are models of neatness and accu- 
racy. On the 4th of July, 1856, our brother received his degree as a Master 
of Arts, a two-year degree being much more common then than now. 

Upon his return to Norfolk he established himself in the wholesale 
drug business and soon was in a prosperous condition. On August 4th, 
1858, he was married to Miss Sallie Rebecca Gary, but the early approach 
of the Civil War was destined to disturb his business and his home life. 
Virginia claimed his services and he served her with ability during the en- 
tire struggle. 

The close of the war found business conditions in the south very much 
changed, and instead of going into the drug business Brother Walke estab- 
lished an insurance agency, which is now a large business, under the firm 
name of Walke and Son. 

The only public office ever held by this brother was that of Treasurer 
of the School Board of Norfolk. But in the way of scholarship he was well 
known, being, in connection with Brother William Lamb, instrumental in 
re-establishing the Virginia Alpha of the Phi Beta Kappa at the College of 
William and Mary. The portals of Omega opened to this brother on the 
14th of March, 1905, and another of the "old guard" was gone to his 
reward. 

Richard Walke, a full brother to W. Talbot Walke, was born the 9th 
of December, 1840. His early training was at the same school that his 
elder brother attended, and he entered William and Mary when Talbot 
Walke was entering upon his senior year. He became a member of Epsilon 
in April, 1S56, and shortly after his initiation was chosen to succeed his 



OUR GRADUATES 399 

brother as recording secretary of the Charge ; while serving in this capacity 
he was called upon to serve as secretary of the General Convention in June, 
1856. At the commencement of 1S57 Richard Walke received his Master of 
Arts, and the next fall he entered the University of Virginia ; here also he 
received the Master of Arts degree in i860, and in the fall of that year he 
entered the University of Berlin. But his stay abroad was destined to be 
but a short one, for he returned to Virginia upon her secession in the spring 
of 1861, and he at once entered her service as a private. It was only a short 
while before he was promoted becoming successively First Sergeant in May, 
1862, First Lieutenant of Ordinance in April, 1863, on the staff of General 
William Mahone, and in 1864 he was appointed Captain and Inspector 
General on the staff of General Lindsay Walker ; this latter position he 
continued to fill until the end of the war. 

In 1868 Richard Walke began the study of law under Judge Dobbin, in 
Baltimore, and in 1870 was admitted to practice in Norfolk. This same 
year he was married to Miss Annie Nivison Bradford. The next thirty-one 
years were devoted to the practice of his profession, when Omega claimed 
him, June 20th, 1901. His widow survives him, living at 60 Bute street, 
Norfolk, Va. 

Charles Rollin Grandy, the son of C. Wiley Grandy and Anne D'Ang6, 
his wife, was born in Camden County, North Carolina, on the 18th of Au- 
gust, 1834. Early in his life his family moved to Norfolk, Va., where 
young Charles received his early education in the Norfolk Military Academy. 
This fitted him for College and he entered William and Mary in October, 
1852. The next spring found his name on the original charter of the newly- 
founded Epsilon Charge of Theta Delta Chi. On July 4th, 1854, he re- 
ceived his A.B., and the next July he received his A.M., from William and 
Mary he went to the University of Virginia to take the law course. Upon 
graduating in law he returned to Norfolk where he became a member of the 
law firm of C. W. Grandy and Sons. This Brother Grandy served through 
the Civil War as Captain of the Norfolk Light Artillery Blues, and, con- 
trary to most cases, fell a victim neither to Yankee bullets or Cupid's ar- 
rows. There can be no doubt that this brother was not intended to remain 
long on earth, and we find record of his death on April ist, 1868. Charles 
R. Grandy, '54, and C. Wiley Grandy, '55, were first cousins. 

ZETA 

Augustus S. Miller, '71. Mayor Augustus S. Miller of Providence, 
dropped dead at the Hope club, at an early hour of the morning of Septem- 
ber 26. 

On election night last year, Brother Miller was overcome by an attack 
of heart failure, and his health this year had not been of the best. He 
went to Europe during the summer with Mrs. Miller and his son in the 
hope of receiving benefit at several well known health resorts. He returned 
in September and was apparently improved. 

Mayor Miller was born in Plainfield, Conn., on August 13, 1847, was 



400 THE SHIELD 

graduated from Brown University in the class of 1872, and was admitted to 
the Rhode Island bar in 1874. 

From 1873 to 1876 he was assistant clerk of the supreme court of the 
state. Later he formed a partnership with ex-Congressman H. J. Spooner, 
'60, and Judge Arthur L. Brown, '76, who is now on the bench of the United 
States circuit court. 

After the dissolution of this firm, he entered a partnership with Thomas 
A. Carroll of this city. 

Brother Miller was a member of the common council from 1881 to 1887. 
He was elected maj'or on the Democratic ticket in 1903, and held that oflBce 
until his death. 

He is survived by a widow and a son, William Davis Miller, who is a 
member of the freshman class at Brown. 

IOTA 

Charles Churchill Carmalt, M.D., '87, whose early and lamentable 
death on January 8, 1905, has already been reported in the Sbiei,d, was 
eulogised in the March number of the Columbia University Quarterly as 
follows, the lines of appreciation being supplemented by an excellent half 
tone likeness. 

"The death of Dr. Churchill Carmalt, after a brief illness, on the 
evening of January 8, 1905, has deprived the University of one of its most 
faithful and efBcient officers of instruction. 

Dr. Carmalt served since 1S90 as assistant demonstrator of anatomy in 
the School of Medicine, and at the time of his death, in the thirty-ninth 
year of his age, was the senior officer of his rank in the Department. In 
charge of an important division of the section-teaching, and actively en- 
gaged in the practical work of the anatomical laboratory, he early proved 
his exceptional qualifications as an instructor of undergraduates in medi- 
cine. Incisive, clear and comprehensive in his methods of presentation, 
admirably trained in his special field, and constantly in training, patient 
and painstaking to a degree when circumstances demanded it, intolerant of 
superficial and incomplete work and meeting it, wherever encountered, with 
the sharp edge of a v/holesome criticism, his personality and example re- 
acted on his students as a stimulus to which they responded with their best 
efforts. As a teacher he stood for the highest development of his office, 
always basing the details of anatomical instruction on the broad and com- 
prehensive interpretation of structure, which transforms for the student a 
miscellaneous collection of facts, difficult to acquire if isolated, into the 
correlated parts of a complete system, in which the significance of the 
chain as a whole emphasizes the value and importance of the individual 
links. In this work no effort appeared too great to him, and he brought to 
the task a keen and inventive mind and great technical skill. No better 
evidence of the high appreciation and esteem in which his students held 
him could be offered than the simple and heartfelt words of the memorial 



OUR GRADUATES 401 

in which the undergraduates of the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
voiced their sense of greif and personal loss. 

Always thorough, and utilizing the material of the dissecting room with 
full appreciation of its value in scientific work, Carmalt began four years 
ago to devote a large part of his time to anatomical investigation. The re- 
sults of an exhaustive research on the morphology of the salivary structures, 
brought to a successful close during the first half of the present academic 
year, were presented at the last meeting of the Association of American 
Anatomists at Philadelphia in a brilliant and thoroughly rounded contribu- 
tion, which will prove of lasting value and rank as a classical memoir on 
the subject. At the time of his death he had made considerable progress 
in investigating problems of the lymphatic system, obtaining results which 
promised much for the future. 

With him research was evidently a work of love, and it proved a con- 
stantly increasing attraction for him. He w^s splendidly endowed for it, 
approaching it with a clear perception of purpose, indefatigable patience, 
crreat mechanical and technical skill, and a mind capable of sound and un- 
biased interpretation and generalization. It became a pleasure and an in- 
spiration to observe the perseverance, ability and clean-cut thought called 
forth from him by a problem. These years seemed to those who knew him 
well the best and most fully developed of his life, coinciding with his marriage 
and the establishment of a remarkably congenial and happy family life. 
Their close brought to him shortly before the end evidence that the value 
of his work had met with due recognition outside of his own University in 
a call from a sister institution to high academic rank and responsibility. 
Short as these years appear in retrospect, they have made Carmalt's memory 
one to be cherished by his associates at large, as that of a colleague com- 
manding their highest respect and esteem by the force of his character and 
ability. Those who best knew him, in the bond of close and loyal friend- 
ship, mourn him as few are mourned. 

An honest man, in the full beauty of a productive and useful life, has 
gone to his rest, leaving the lasting impress of his work and his example as 
a permanent force in the higher development of his profession and his 
University. 

George S. Huntington 

iota deuteron 

John Harts, '05, was struck by a train and instantly killed two miles 
north of Lincoln, Ind., on September 22, 1905. The Charge has issued the 
following obituary testimonial : 

"It is with great sorrow that Iota Deuteron announces the death of a 
beloved and esteemed brother, John Manning Harts, son of Captain and 
Mrs. D. H. Harts of Lincoln, Illinois. 

Brother Harts became a member of Williams College in September, 
1902, and during his short stay among us displayed a remarkable geuins for 



402 THE SHIELD 

mathematics which influenced him later in his choice of a career. His eye- 
sight failing him he left college at the close of his junior year and on Sep- 
tember i8th, '05, accepted a position in the engineering department of the 
Chicago and Alton Railroad Company. It was while pursuing his duties 
with this department that he was riding a railroad velocipede along the 
tracks between Bloomington and Lincoln and was run down by the Limited 
and instantly killed. 

Brother Harts was blessed with a happy and cheerful nature that made 
him a good comrade, and has left behind him many enduring memorials of 
a manly, straightforward, and faithful friendship." 

OMICKON DEUTERON 

Preston Shirley, '96, an editorial writer on the Boston y^^/z'^r/'z.jfr died 
August 13, at Boston. He was born in Andover, N. H., August 17, 1875, 
and after receiving his early education at the local schools entered Dart- 
mouth, graduating in 1896. 

At college he was prominent in literary activities, being business man- 
ager of the Dartmouth in his senior year and a member of the Sphinx Senior 
Society and Theta Delta Chi. An able, honest and indefatigable worker, 
he had made for himself a recognized and honored place in Boston news- 
paper work. 

PSI 

S. Fred Nixon, '81. On October 10 Brother Nixon passed to the Omega 
Charge. Death followed an illness of about four weeks' duration and was 
due to blood poisoning. 

Concerning the death of Brother Nixon Governor Higgins said : 

"Mr. Nixon's death is a great shock to me. He was a man who com- 
manded the confidence of his associates to a very marked degree. He was 
a loyal friend, and I feel that I have met with a great personal loss." 

The Governor also issued the following proclamation : 

The people of the State of New York learn with sorrow of the untimely 
death of the Hon. S. Fred Nixon, the Speaker of the Assembly. He had 
the affection and respect of all who knew him. In his long service in the 
Legislature he had won a position of deserved and recognized leadership. 
His young and useful life gave fair promise of brilliant success in wider 
fields. His broad experience, his tact, and his sound judgment rendered 
him exceptionally well qualified for his responsible and arduous duties. His 
death leaves a vacant place that cannot easily be filled. 

It is proper that the Governor should, in the absence of the Legislature, 
make ofiicial recognition of the loss sustained by the people and publicly 
express the respect due to the character and services of the deceased. 

Now, therefore, I, Frank W. Higgins, Governor of the State of New 
York, do direct that the flags upon all the pnblic buildings of the State, in- 



OUR GRADUATES 403 

clnding the armories and arsenals, be displayed at half-mast up to and in- 
cluding the day of the funeral. 

Given under my hand and the privy seal of the State at the Capitol in 
the City of Albany, this loth day of October, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand nine hundred and five. 

Frank W. Higgins 

By the Governor : 
Frank E. PbrlEy, Secretary to the Governor. 

The New York Times of October nth contained the following inter- 
esting account of Brother Nixon's life. 

Samuel Frederick Nixon, Speaker of the Assembly of the State of New 
York, representative of the Second District of the County of Chautauqua 
and Supervisor of the Town of Westfield, made a record for length of ser- 
vice in the position of presiding officer of the Assembly which has never 
been equaled in the 128 years of the New York Legislature. 

He served seven successive terms in the chair. Speaker James W. 
Husted of Westchester served six, but they were not successive. Of the 
many presiding officers of the lower House, none ever approached for 
length of service the records of Nixon and Husted. Altogether, Speaker 
Nixson served fifteen terms in the Assembly — twelve of them successive. 
He was a legislator when the Raines bill was passed, the Greater New York 
charter was enacted, and was leader of the Republicans when the Legisla- 
ture assembled in special session in 1898 to legislate for the maintenance of 
New York's troops in the field during the Spanish-American war. He 
forced through the Assembly this year the Mortgage Tax bill and the Stock 
Transfer bill. During his fifteen years' service he had a giant's part in 
shaping legislation. 

Mr. Nixon was born at Westfield on December 3, i860, and was edu- 
cated in the Westfield High School and at Hamilton College. He gradu- 
ated in 1881. In just three years he made his entry into public life by being 
elected Trustee of the Village of Westfield. The next office was that of 
Supervisor of the Town of Westfield, to which he was elected in 1886, 
The Chairmanship of the Republican Committee of Chautauqua County 
was held by him in several campaigns. On September 25, 1905, he was 
elected for the fourteenth time Chairman of the Chautauqua County Board 
of Supervisors. 

His first campaign for the Assembly was in 1887. He then was elected 
by the Republicans of what was the First Chautauqua District and re- 
elected to the Assembly of 1889 and 1S90. In the convention of 1890 he 
was defeated. In 1893 he again sought a nomination. By the apportion- 
ment of 1892 Chautauqua has been formed into a single district. Nixon 
was successful in the convention and in the Bartlett-Maynard campaign, 
the one that drove the Democrats from power. Thereafter he was re- 
elected, ending with 1904. 

He served under Speaker Fremont Cole in 1888 and 1889. George R. 



404 THE SHIELD 

Malby held the gavel in 1894, Hamilton Fish in 1S95 and 1896, and James 
M. E. O'Grady in 1897 ^^^ 1898. Under these Speakers Nixon rose from 
Chairmanship to Chairmanship, heading Railroads and Public Instruction, 
and reaching Ways and Means in 1897 and 1898. 

Nixon came to the leadership of the Assembly of 1897 with a great pre- 
ponderance of Republicans. The majority was unwieldy. The McKinley 
and Hobart ticket had sent Republicans from Kings and New York districts 
which were usually Democratic. But he grasped the situation quickly and 
kept the majorit}' to its work. In this session the Greater New York 
charter was enacted and the first batch of amendments to the Raines law 
were passed. Some of the Republicans broke on them, but the leader held 
a sufficient number in line to pass them. 

The next year Nixon had a very slender majority to lead. The defeat 
of William J. Wallace by Atlon B. Parker and of Low and Tracy by Van 
Wyck retired many members of the House of 1897. When the session of 
1899 began no one but Nixon was thought of for the Speakership. He was 
unanimously elected and since then had been speaker continuously. 

As a presiding oflBcer Nixon was a Czar, and easily maintained his 
sway. Of recent sessions, nothing got through the Assembly without his 
consent. He always had a few strong friends among the Democrats who 
aided him outside of party questions, notably John McKeown. The ma- 
jority always was intensely loyal to him. Though never brilliant as a par- 
liamentarian in comparison with some of the leaders of years ago, Nixon 
generally far outshone his colleagues. He often gaveled his way through 
a point raised by the Democrats, riding over all opposition. 

Many an unpopular measure desired by the Republican organization 
was jammed through the House, which never could have passed had it not 
been for Nixon. He would go into the majority caucus and talk and argue 
and threaten until he had enough votes pledged to the bill's support. No- 
body could withstand his energy and tremendous influence. Those who 
tried it were crushed. It was : "Fred wants this bill," and that was usually 
enough to send it through. 

The members from the agricultural districts stood by him in every tight 
place. He was their guide, counselor, and friend. He was democratic to 
the last degree, and that accounts for a large percentage of his success. So 
secnre a grip did he have on the House that Senate bills never got out of 
Assembly committees if Nixon wanted them held in. 

Nixon was almost a giant in stature, and this of itself helped to awe 
his opponents. Early in his career he was argumentative and easily ang- 
ered, but when he became the acknowledged boss he had the House ma- 
chine running so well that a nod or a look was suflScient to work his will. 
Once in a while a pet measure might be in danger ; then Nixon would call 
a trusted member to the chair and go among the Assemblymen and ask for 
votes. He never did this in vain, save in rare instances, when groups had 
to stand in opposition to save their faces and political cuticles at home. He 
understood this phase and never resented their refusal. 



OUR GRADUATES 405 

In business Mr. Nixon was also successful. He had railroad interests, 
operated a marble and granite works, a box factory, and had various enter- 
prises in and about his home, Westfield. He was also prominently identi- 
fied with the grapegrowers and wine producers of the Chautanqua Lake 
country. 







i:XCHA.NOS OJLS^NIKOS 



Our exchanges are requested to send one copy of each issue to J. Boyce Smith, Jr., ioo 
Broadway, New York City, one copy to Rudolf Tombo, Jr., 628 \V. 114th Street, New York 
City, and one copy to Harry A. Bullock, New York Times, New York City. In return, three 
copies of The Shield will be sent to any desired addresses. 



The Shield acknowledges with thanks, receipt of the fol- 
lowing exchanges : 

The Caduceus of Kappa Sigma, — Jtine. 

The Delta Upsilon Quarterly, — June. 

The Phi Gamma Delta, — May. 

The Record of Sigma Alpha Epsilon, — March, May. 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi,— March, April, June. 

Delta Chi Quarterly, — February, May, August. 

The Rainbow of Delta Tau Delta, — March. 

The Eleusis of Chi Omega, — May. 

The Trident of Delta Delta Delta,— September. 

Kappa Alpha Theta, — May. 

Alpha Xi Delta,— May. 

Themis of Zeta Tau Alpha, — May. 



Jt 



Jt 



Is it feasible for a so-called "professional fraternity" to bar 
from membership men who are members of general fraternities ? 
The following editorial from the Delta Chi Quarterly is interest- 



EXCHANGE GLEANINGS 407 

ing in that it is, so far as we know, a new phase of the profes- 
sional fraternity question : 

What is to be the future policy of Delta Chi in respect to admit- 
ting to membership members of other fraternities ? This is a pressing issue 
that ought not, and cannot be avoided for any length of time. It should 
be a subject of thorough deliberation at the June Convention. Heretofore, 
it has been approached with some reserve and without any purpose to 
reach a definite and final decision. But this passive attitude of the Con- 
ventions toward a vital question will not attain results. A definite conclu- 
sion is necessary on a subject involving, as does this, a principle and policy 
which ought to be once and for all time, definitely established. This fact 
is generally conceded by those who favor or oppose the open policy. 

In this respect, it must be recognized, there now prevails in Delta Chi, 
two radically opposed tendencies. A few chapters exist under conditions 
so favorable as to permit of an exclusive policy. At other chapters, it is 
practically impossible to secure a desirable class of men, or at least the 
most desirable and available men without taking those who are or have 
been associated with other fraternities. The members of chapters which 
stand for the first idea find it difficult to reconcile themselves to facts and 
conditions in the other chapters. They urge, reasonably and justly no 
doubt, that their chapters cannot meet competition if it continues to be 
known that a man can be a member of Delta Chi and of another fraternity 
also. They are met with the argument from the other chapters that they 
in turn cannot exist without adopting the policy which is so repugnant to 
the first. 

In the view of the writer, these two conflicting views cannot long con- 
tinue. Delta Chi must declare herself for one policy or the other. She 
must become eventually a fraternity of one type or the other, namely, a 
strictly undergraduate fraternity combining features of a legal and general 
course fraternity, or a sort of legal society for law schools attended largely 
by college graduates. This is the situation which The Quarterly firmly 
believes is confronting Delta Chi and it is urged that it ought to be recog- 
nized and dealt with, not hastily or passionately, but deliberately and 
frankly with a view to arriving at a conclusion which will be the best for 
the ultimate purpose and ideals of the Fraternity. 

^h ^^ ^* 



4o8 



THE SHIELD 



The following table from The Manual of Sigma Alpha Epsi- 
lon is not only of general interest, but contains data with which 
every undergraduate should be familiar. 



Fraternity. 

Delta Kappa Epsilon 

Beta Theta Pi 

Phi Delta Theta 

Sigma Alpha Epsilon 

Psi Upsilon 

Phi Gamma Delta 

Alpha Delta Phi 

Phi Kappa Psi 

Delta Upsilon 

Sigma Chi 

Delta Tau Delta 

Alpha Tau Omega 

Kappa Si^ma 

Zeta Psi.- 

Theta Delta Chi 

Chi Phi 

Kappa Alpha(s) 

Sigma Nu 

Chi Psi 

Delta Phi 

Delta Psi 

Phi Kappa Sigma 

Sigma Phi 

Kappa Alphafn) 

Pi Kappa Alpha 

Phi Sigma Kappa 

Alpha Chi Rho 



Founded. 


Membership. 


Chapters. 


1844 


£4,000 


41 


1839 


13-323 


66 


1848 


12,566 


69 


1856 


10,500 


66 


1833 


10,000 


22 


1848 


9.650 


58 


1832 


9.650 


24 


1952 


9.383 


40 


1834 


8,538 


30 


1855 


8,000 


53 


i860 


7,569 


47 


1865 


5.900 


47 


1867 


5,801 


71 


1846 


5,351 


21 


1848 


4,750 


24 


1854 


4,734 


19 


1865 


4,600 


49 


1869 


4,500 


51 


1841 


4.300' 


19 


1827 


3,300 


II 


1847 


3.200 


8 


1850 


2,980 


24 


1827 


2,500 


8 


1825 


2,000 


6 


1868 


1,500 


24 


1873 


1.350 


18 


1895 


279 


5 



^^* e^*' ^* 

Far be it from us to quarrel with the Pig Feast of Phi Gamma 
Delta ; its existence as an institution of that fraternity is its own 
justification. No jury, we think, would convict Brother Sanders 
of insubordination for failing to perform the ceremony which fell 
to his part ; while the festival, otherwise unmarred, possesses an 
attractiveness that is almost savory even in type. 

Theta's first pig is no more, save in memory. In pursuance of the tra- 
dition established by the late Frank Norris, Theta gave her first pig dinner, 
which she means to make an annual occasion. The dinner was given in 
celebration of Founders' Day, and was held on May i. 

Promptly at nine o'clock twenty enthusiastic Fijis gathered in the fra- 



EXCHANGE GLEANINGS 409 

ternity halls, where some time was spent very pleasantly in renewing old 
acquaintances. At ten o'clock, with Brother Sterling A. Wood, toastmas- 
ter, in the lead, we marched arm in arm into the spacious banquet hall, 
singing a rousing Fiji song. After a few preliminary courses Brother 
Wood announced that in the ante-chamber a friend was waiting to be es- 
corted to the festive board ; accordingly. Brothers Sanders, Jones and Rob- 
son were sent to bring the friend in, which they did amid the rousing 
strains of "Bringing in the Pig." Severing the head from the body, 
Brother Wood spoke a few appropriate words over it, ending with the 
words, "I salute thee, O ^ r :S." The head was then given to Brother 
"Chess" Gwinn, "the noblest Greek of all," who carried it around the 
board each brother in turn kissing the nose and repeating the words of the 
symposiarch. Then with the remark that the tail end of the pig should go 
to the tail end of the chapter, presented that end to Brother Walter R. San- 
ders, who, imitating Brother Gwinn, tried to get the boys to likewise salute 
his portion of piggy, but not with entire success. 

Fearing that too much attention would be paid to the pig, Brother 
Wood proposed a silent toast to our departed brothers, after which we "fell 
to," and, amid many jokes and much laughter, poor piggy passed out of 
existence. 

J- J- J- 

The annual report of Secretary Orra E. Monnette in the 
March Shield of Phi Kappa Psi is as comprehensive, thorough 
and interesting as usual. Phi Kappa Psi has now forty -two 

chapters. 

The following question is submitted to the chapters in the annual re- 
port, "Are there Iny institutions which the chapter desires the Fraternity 
to enter?" Pennsylvania Gamma favors Lehigh; Pennsylvania Zeta, 
Pennsylvania State'college ; Pennsylvania Kappa, Columbian University ; 
New Hampshire Alpha, Massachusetts Alpha and New York Epsilon, all 
three Massachusetts Inst, of Technology ; West Virginia Alpha, Tulane, 
Georgia, Case, Union, Pennsylvania State College and Lehigh ; Tennessee 
Delta. Tulane and University of North Carolina ; Mississippi Alpha, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina ; Ohio Alpha, Case ; Indiana Beta, University of 
Washington ; and Indiana Delta, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
Twenty chapters responded in the negative. Ten had no opinion to express. 
Under the caption "Chapter Houses" the report states that 
fourteen chapters own houses and nineteen rent, making thirty- 
three chapters housed. Nine rent chapter halls for meetings and 



4IO 



THE SHIELD 



sixteen own building lots. The following table of "Chapter 
Prosperity and Debts" is of interest : 



Geographical Division 


No. of 
Chapters. 


Real 

Estate 

Owners'p 


Mort. Persn'ty 
Owner- 
Indebt. ship. 


Cost of 
Imp'nts 


Chap. 
Debts 


First District 

Second District 

Third District 

Fourth District 

Fifth District . 


9 
8 

7 

lO 

8 


% 50,200 

56,400 

15,000 

106,000 

40,500 


1 7,000 1 9,50011 535!! 300 

20,900 9,650 1,575 80 

4,820 3,820 713 1,000 

10,722 1,875 78S 

4,400 1 1. 100 QSS 67 






1 2,235 


Total 


42 


^268,100 


$32,300145,792 


% 5,653 







!^EWS OF THE GREEKS 

Sigma Alpha Epsilon will erect a chapter house at the Uni- 
versity of Alabama for the chapter there, in memory of one of 
the founders of the order. It is to be called the De Votie Me- 
morial. The general fraternity will contribute $3,000 towards 
the cost. Noble Leslie De Votie is said to have been the first 
person to lose his life in the war between the states. 

J' ^ ^ 

Delta Chi legal fraternity held its eleventh annual convention 

at Toronto in June. . . 

Chapters have been added to the roster, at Virginia and 

Stanford. The fraternity now has twenty-one active and three 
alumni chapters. 

^ e^ a^ 

Kappa Alpha Theta sorority held the sixteenth biennial con- 
vention at Philadelphia July i to 7. 

^ J- ^ 

Zeta Tau Alpha is a sorority presumably five years old, since 
the third biennial convention is stated for June, 1906. It com- 
prises eight chapters. Themis is the name of the magazine pub- 
lished by the Zeta Tau Alpha. 

J^ ^ ^ 

Phi Kappa Psi at West Virginia University has had a $7500 
house dedicated to the chapter by Mrs. Jarah B. Cochran, in 
memory of her son, who was a Phi Psi at Penn. 

Mrs. Cochran also donated about $9000 toward the erection 
of a house in Philadelphia, which is used jointly by the U. of P. 
chapter and the Phi Kappa Psi club of Philadelphia. 



412 THE SHIELD 

Theodore P. Shonts, head of the Canal Commission, is a 
Phi Psi. 

^5* ft^* ^^ 

Phi Gamma Delta held the annual convention (Fifty-Sev- 
enth Ekklesia) at Niagara Falls on July 26, 27, 28. 

^* e^ e^ 

Z>^//^ Upsilo7i will be represented at Oxford by six men this 
year ; she had five Rhodes scholarship appointments last year, — 
two more than any other fraternity. 

t^ fl^ e^ 

Delta Tail Delta held its convention (Karnea) in New York 
City during the week of August 21-26. 

e^* c^*' fl^* 

On the nth of Maya Pan- Hellenic banquet of all the Greek- 
Letter Fraternity men of Hampton, Virginia, and vicinity was 
held at the Chamberlain Hotel, Old Point Comfort, Va. There 
were eighteen gentlemen present, each accompanied by a lady, 
and the occasion was so enjoyable that it was voted to make it a 
permanent affair and have a banquet every 3'ear. Those present 
included six of the Southern Kappa Alpha, four of the Phi 
Kappa Sigma, two of the Phi Chi (Medical), and one each of 
Theta Delta Chi, Phi Delta Theta, Zeta Psi, Pi Kappa Alpha, 
Psi Omega (Dental), and Phi Gamma Delta. 
«£ *& ^ 

^7* crf^' e^* 

Several fraternities have recently enacted legislation regarding frater- 
nity pins and the exact spot where they shall be worn. Phi Delta Theta 
has been the most radical and has charged the active men to wear their pins 
at all times. When they bathe, the pins are to be "held in the mouth or 
suspended by a silk cord," we are told. — Delta Chi Quarterly. 

e^* e^* f^ 

Kappa Alpha Theta re-established her Toronto chapter on 
July 3- 

t^ t^ t^ 

Kappa Sigma entered Dartmouth on April 11. On the sixth 
of the same month a chapter was established at New York 
University. 

Kappa Sigma was founded in 1867 and has now 72 chapters. 



PUBLICATIONS 

THE SHIELD— The current volume (XXI) is one dol- 
lar a year. For previous volumes communicate with Frank N. 
DODD, 150 West 40 Street, New York City. The following bound 
volumes are to be had : Vols. VII to X, inclusive, $3.00 each ; 
Vols. XI to XIV, inclusive, $2.50 each ; Vols. XV to XX, 
inclusive, $2.00 each. 

THE CATALOGUE— 1901— Edited by Frederic Carter, 
Custodian of Archives, assisted by Charles S. White, Iota, 1900. 
284 pages ; bound in cloth. Price $1.50, carriage prepaid. Ad- 
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MEMORIAL HISTORY, 1848-1898. Edited and pub- 
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HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHICAL CATALOGUE 
OF THE BETA CHARGE OF THETA DELTA CHI 
By Ernest Wilson Huffcut, Beta, '84. With an Alphabetical 
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dollar, carriage prepaid. Paper, seventy-five cents. Address 
E. W. Huffcut, Ithaca, N. Y. 

BETA PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUM. A reproduction 
by photography (not half-tones) of all but six of the 218 members 
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THETA DELTS OF BOSTON— 1903. AlistofTheta 
Delts in business and professions in Boston and vicinity. Com- 
piled by Frank W. Kimball, Lambda, '94, 47 Kilby St., Boston, 
Mass. Published by Irving P. Fox, Lambda, '83. 26 pages ; 
paper cover. 

In preparatio7i. 

SOME POETRY AND PROSE— by Nathan LaFayette 
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Gamma Deuteron, '98, and Edward Van Winkle, Rho Deuteron, 
'00. Flexible leather, $1.25. Send subscriptions to E. Van 
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DIRECTORS. 

William O. Allison Publisher, ^ ^, . , „ ., , 

OssiAN D ASHLEY Ex-President, Wabash Railroad, 

PERRY Belmont, . I Capitalist, New York City. 

Henry C Brewster President Traders Natl Bank. Rochester. 

William T. Brown Treasurer A. G. Spalding & Brothers, 

ALONZO N. BuRBANK, Treasurer, International Paper Co. 

Edward G. Bdrgess, President New York Produce Exchange. 

George P. Butler, Capitalist, New York City. 

George Crocker Capitalist. New York and New Jersey 

E. Sherwood Dunn, Pres't, Northampton Portland Cement Co. 

Oliver M. Farrand, Importer, 

John W. Griggs, Ex-Governor of New Jersey 

T Temple Gwathmey Ex-President New York Cotton Exchange, 

Georgk V Haggerty, Mgr. National Enameling & Stamping Co. 

WILLIAM A. HALL President Cascin Co.of Amenca 

E Burton Hart Jr , President Portsmouth, Kittery 6t York R. R. 

T F Manville - President, H. W. Johns-Manville Co. 

James G. Newcomb, Standard Oil Company, ^ „ , . ^ . 

Willis S Paine, Ex-Superintendent N.Y. State Banking Dept 

Charles'h. Patterson,— Cashier, Fourth National Bank, N. Y. 

Cornelius A. Pugsley, President Westchester Co. National Bank 

Peekskill, N. Y. 

I< V "F Randolf Ex- President Atlantic Trust Co. 

OSCAR i. Richard President State Bank of New York. 

Charles E Sprague President, Union Dime Savings Bank, 

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Pins and Seals and 

•"v. , ,-, i Fobs. Novelties. 

( /'■"*:', ■' MADE BY 

>^ 5^. ^ji^i 



JOHN FRICK, 
Z""" Theta Delta Chi Jeweler, 



This size Pin 

Special 

set pea 

$9.50 

Other prices „ r •/ n/ -kt -^r i ^-m 

in proportion, ^ Liberty Place, . . . J\ew York Ltty. 

Opposite 21 Maiden Lane. 




Shields placed on any article of Jewelry 
for $i.oo. 



For references write to Editor of The Shield. Seals of all 
Universities and Colleges for every sort of use, made tip into pins, heavily 
^old plated, js cents. 



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Appointed Official Jeweler to THETA DELTA 

CHI BY THE RECENT CONVENTION AT CHICAGO. 



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obliged to borrow a poor^ scratchy steel pen when you wish to 
write. While the present day hotel offers many conveniences 
and untold luxuries, to be fully equipped you must own, besides 
a tooth brush, your fountain pen. There is but one good one. 



Waterman's (IdeallFountain^en 




is that one, always ready, and indispensable to every traveler and college man, 

L. E. WATERMAN COMPANY, 
173 Broadway, New York. 

Boston. Chicago. San Francisco. Montreal. 

Sold everywhere. Send for illustrated booklet. 



f 



Amerlan Shoes for Amerians 



THE Re~al is distinctively ///^ American shoe. It is 
made and dcluered ui the t>T)ically direct American 
\\a\ ; tanneries — factories — stores — all part of one 
^reat &\stcmiunundti one management; no waste energy 
— no \\aste time — the maximum result with the minimum 
cost pnd clfoit 

Ih/ou.h its 80 stores in principal cities and its 

Mail Oidei Department it gives the same 

sei \ ice at tbe same time to every metropo- 

hs and e\ery village between New York 

md b'ln f rancisco, and St. Paul and 

>\e\\ Oi leans. 

Like the true American, too, the Regal 
knows no class. Made for men and 
women in every walk of life — Oil Grained 
Calf for "roughing it"; good King Calf 
for the business office ; finest Patent 
Leathers for dress occasions. 

Regal fashions are exact duplicates of 
models approved in the world s fashion 
centres 1 he wearer of Regals is up-to- 
the minute in style, whether in New York 
or in New Mexico. 
0\er '(HKXHX) Americans buy each year this 
Re^al pi oduct of American brains and Ameri- 
can enerc;y. It is the only shoe made in tlie 
woild It any price that comes in quarter 
bi/i s, so that it can be fitted with the pre- 
cision of a custom-made shoe. 

'^- Send for Our Latest Style Book 

It gives accurate photographic reproductioii3 
of 75 styles the exclusive custom -makers of 
New York, London and Paris are putting 
on their customers' feet NOW. On request 
we will also send rules for self-measure- 
ment, and you will find that you can buy 
these superb Kegal shoes with as great 
satisfaction BY MAIL as you can in 
any of the 80 Eegal stores in princi- 
pal cities. 

Re^al shoes are delivered, carriace 
prepaid, anywhere in the United Slates 
or Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Porto Rico, 
Hawaiian and Philippine Islands, also 
Germany and all points coveted by the 
Parcels Post System, on receipt of 
$3.75 per pair. (The extra 25 cents 
is for delivery.) 

Mail-Order ) Factory 1e], Whitman, Mass. Rot Sflfi. 
Depart- S Bo!!ton, Ma33. ,309 Sam3i<!r St. , cor. Bedford 
ments ) New York City, Dept.lo/iGSBroadway. cor. 10th St. 

MAIIi-ORDEa SUB-STATIOITS 

Sub-Station A— 34-52 Ellis St., San Francisco, Cal. Sub-Station B— 10;i Df-arborn St., cor. Wa^hint-fon, rh'tat-o. III. 
Sub-Station C— 618 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo. Sub-Station D—t::;l Canal St., New Orleans. !. a. i'.ub -Station E—G 
Whitcliall St., Atlanta, Ga. London, Eng., E. C, 97 Cheapside, cor. La.wrence Lane. 

Retjal shoes are delivered through the London Post Dept. to any part of the United Kingdom on receipt of 15/6. 

80 Stores in Principal Cities. largest Retail Shoe Business in the World 




=EARL 



j-tf'f- 



Coi rec t f( I tII 
occasions es- 
pecialh p ( ptr f r 
busincbbor i,%t;i mg 
dress I ashi r 
ed after the htcst 
cu.scoiii models Tiid 
skillfu'ly dcsisn d to 
insure biiiO( tliandnsj fit 
Gives distinct character to 
any foot which cannot comfort- 
ably wear any other shape of slios. 

OSDER BY STYLE 

loaCII-As illustrated, lieavy sin;'li» sole. 
I02('R-Same, except witli enameled leather, 
double sole. 




Eegal Shoe Co., Inc.) 



iramiiasaaEQasirasiraHEaDiKZscffizcaGairamsazaiEniaBenBsinanca 



gnsaurasBRnBE 



sssnanBiV' 



CIGARETTES BY MAIL 

Send a Postal for the "Smoke Book." 



Our "Smoke Book" tells the whole story — and we will send it 
FREE. But meantime, if you are out of Cigarettes, just 
order what you ueed from the list below and send the money 
with your order. 

These list prices are regular store prices, and there will be no 
delivery charges to pay on orders for loo cigarettes. 

SWEET CAPOR'ALS, plain tips, = - - loo for 50c. 

RICHHOND STRAIGHT CUTS, cork or plain tips, - 100 for 70c. 

TURKISH TROPHIES, cork or plain tips, - - 100 for 90c. 

BEAU BRUnriELLS, cork or plain tips, = = 100 for $1.00 

MURADS, plain tips, = . = . 100 for 1.20 

MOGULS, cork or plain tips, = = . 100 for 1.20 

EGYPTIAN DEITIES, No. 3, cork or plain tips, - 100 for 2.00 

All delivered postpaid at above prices, and we guarantee each 
shipment to give satisfaction or all your money re/utided. 

(All other standard brands carried ready to mail.) 

Send check, bank draft, currency or money-order as most 
convenient. 



The "Smoke Book" is the traveling salesman of our Mail- 
order Service. It tells you a good deal more than most sales- 
men know about modern methods of growing tobacco and 
making it up into cigars ard cigarettes — and of pas.sing them to 
you in perfect condition. It is a handsome bock, full magazine 
size, well illustrated, and printed in two colors. 

The "Smoke Book" puts you in direct touch with the most 
famous cigar store in the world — the largest of our 300 stores 
and the headquarters of the Mail-Order Service in the Flatiron 
Building, New York. 

The Mail-Order Service supplies cigars and cigarettes regularly 
to thousands of satisfied smokers in all parts of the country. 

All orders from one section go to one particular salesman, 
and he sees that all of his orders are filled and shipped the 
same day they are received. The same expert salesman who 
attends to yo-ar first order, selects personally all the cigars and 
cigarettes you order afterwards. 

Address, 

UNITED CIQAR STORES COMPANY, 

Mail-Order Service, 
140 FLATIRON BUILDING, - - NEW YORK. 



CATALOGS 



tlbe f. a, Bassette 
Company 

OF SPRINGFIKI.D, MASSACHUSETTS 



WOUI.D RESPECTFUIvLY CALL YOUR ATTENTION 

TO THEIR SUPERIOR FACILITIES FOR 

PRODUCING THE HIGHEST GRADE 

OF CATALOGS AND BOOKS OF 

ALL SIZES, EMBRACING 



Designing, Wasli Drawings 
Halftones, Printing, Binding 



EACH STEP CAARIED TO COMPLETION IN THE 
HIGHESTSENSE IN OUR OWN ESTAB- 
LISHMENT. WE COURT INQUIRIES AND A TEST. 

"JTbc enO is to builO well." 



Covering the Earth 
With a Cushion 

REMEMBER that tale of your childhood 
about that tender-footed king (in the 
days before shoes were invented), who 
stepped upon a thorn ? 

Moved by his wrath and pain, a mysterious 

stranger volunteered to cover the earth with 

leather for the royal footsteps, and was 

promised half the kingdom if he could do it. 

He won, by making for his Majesty the 

I first pair of shoes. And so we, with the 

TRED-AIR HEEL CUSHION 

( Patcnl(d) 

have covered the earth with a pneumatic pad on 
which the steps of thousands upon thousands fall with 
a buoyant elastic softness. 

It is a jierforated rubber cushion which slips inside 
the shoe under your heel. The perforations add the 
elasticity of pneumatic tubes to the elasticity of rub- 
ber, "^he cushion absorbs all jar, adds spring to the 
gait, makes the shoe fit better, and all but doubles 
one's walking powers. 

Get them fiom your shoe dealer or by mail, sjc. 

Another good thing we make is the 

TRED-AIR CUSHION HEEL 

Made of honey-combed Para rubber. 
Light and more springy than the old- 
fasliioned solid-rubber kind No holes 
to collect and carry dirt. 

Patent fabric in the tread 
prevents slipping. 
35c. per pair by mall, or from your shoe dealer. 

TREDAIR 
RUBBER COMPANY 

Department 

105 Summer Street 

BOSTON. . MASS. 





Ppabepr2it^ Jcv/elcrJ/ College acsJ Cla^ 

SilYermitK5 ^nd 

Offieial PFabFnity Jeweler^^. 

Imp'OFtcp^ of fes\ll §Ioe^^<^. 

616 Cteslnul SI-, Piiii^- 

pir2^, gabbon^ and Cf2aFm^. s^n^ ppize^. 

THE SONGS 

OF 

Theta Delta Chi. 



T/te Volume^ Bound in Cloth^ $1 -SO- 



REV» STANTON E. BARRETT, 

St. Stephens Church, 

Ballard, Wash, 



■WlMWMnKLIl—iaillM 



Baird's 
Manual 



AMERICAN 



COLLEGE 



of 



FRATERNITIES 



New and Sixth (1905) Edition now ready 

This book is replete with information of interest to all 
members of College Fraternities. It contains Histories of 
each of the Men's General Fraternities, the Women's General 
Societies, the Men's Local Fraternities, Women's Local So- 
cieties, Professional Fraternities, Honorary Fraternities and 
Miscellaneous Societies ; a Directory of Colleg:es and Chap- 
ters, Statistical Tables of g:reat interest, articles showing the 
geographical distribution of Chapters, Nomenclature, In- 
signia, a Complete Bibliography of Fraternity publications, 
information Cconcerning hapter House ownership. In 
short, the Sixth Edition is a Complete Cyclopedia of Fra- 
ternity Information. It is bound in befitting covers of blue, 
white and gold, and will be sold at $2.00 per copy, postage 

prepaid. 

This book should be in the library of every Charge. 
Send check or money-order to 

BUSINESS MANAGER, ^^THE SHIELD/^ 
47 Elm Street, Elizabeth, N. J» 



\.im 2^ 1?05 



lbS'32 



M 



J. F. NEWMAN 

---# Badge and Jewelry Manufacturer < 

OFFICIAL FRATERNITY JEWELER 




J. F. NEWMAN 

COLLEGE FRATERNITY BADGES 



No. n JOHN STREET 



NEW YORK 



tlnmonon t»a*m