Class P ^^ ^
Book .y/^/ ZS
A MAGAZINE PUBLISHED QUAR-
TERLY BY AND IN THE INTERESTS
OF THE THETA DELTA CHI FRA-
TERNITY AT ITHACA, NEW YORK
FOUNDED 1869 REVIVED 1884
A>i r f ^\ ~' -■ 1 ■■Ts-^ M "r. o ''
For while the eternal stars night's purple robe
Be^em ; while swings in space the pendent ^lobe
Friendship must live ! Ah may its impulse hi^h
Still ^uide and ^uard the Theta Delta Chi.
VOLUME XXI NUMBER 3
GRAND LODG E— i 905-1906
REV. LAWRENCE T. COLE, 139 W. 91 Street, New York City.
MERWYN H. NELLIS, 6) z? A' House, Clinton, N. Y.
HUGH E. LEACH, i328-6th Street, S, E., Minneapolis, Minn.
APPOINTMENTS BY GRAND LODGE
CUSTODIAN OF AKCHIVES
New York City.
EDITOR OF THE SHIELD
' J. BOYCE SMITH, Jr.
New York City.
BUSINESS MANAGER OF THE SHIELD
H. K. McCann, 47 Elm Street, Elizabeth, N. J.
assistant business manager
Harry L. Palmer
TT "SrSi 3B O X^ -A. R. G ]& ^
I ■ iBMiiiiiiii 1111 iMiiii lMii^ — rr^
BETA— Cornell University— 1870
Chester L*. Roadhouse, ^ ^ X House, Ithaca, N. Y., Charge Editor.
Horace I/. Dawson, (-) A ^V House, Ithaca, N. Y., Cor. Sec'y.
GAMMA nEUTERON-Ualversityof MIcliigan— 1889
J. C. Scully, SAX House, Ann Arbor, Mich., Charge Editor.
A. M. Graver, 6>^XHouse, Ann Arbor, Mich., Corresponding Sec'y.
DELTA DEUTEIiON-University of California-1900
D. W. Bryant, SAX House, Berkeley, Cal. , Charge Editor.
Frank H. Buck, Jr., S A X House, Berkeley, Cal., Cor. Sec'y.
EPSILON-College of William and Mary-1853
Francis O'Keeffe, Jr., Box 48, Williamsburg, Va., Charge Editor.
John AbbiTT, A X House Williamsburg, Va. , Corresponding Sec'y.
ZETA— Brown University— 1853
A. H. Lake, 616 Public Street, Providence, R. I., Charge Editor.
R. W. D. Jones, 51 University Hall, Providence, R. I., Cor. Sec'y.
ZETA DEUTERON -McQill University— 1901
W. G. Peterson, 889 Sherbrooke Street, Montreal, Canada, Charge Editor
Wm. J. Baldwin, 704 Sherbrooke Street, Montreal, Canada, Cor. Sec'y.
ETA— Bowdoin College— 1854
T. C. Simpson, Jr., Brunswick, Me., Charge Editor.
A. H. Bodkin, Jr., Brunswick, Me., Cor. Sec'y.
ETA DEUTERON— Leland Stanford Jr. University— 1903
W. A. Crossman, Stanford University, Cal., Charge Editor.
R. H. Gaither, Stanford University, Cal., Corresponding Secretary.
IOTA— Harvard University— 1856
Thomas Almy, 54 Dunster St., Cambridge, Mass., Charge Editor.
Joseph Mattison, 54 Dunster St., Cambridge, Mass., Correspond' g Sec'y.
IOTA DEUTERON— Williams College— 1891
R. Carleton Hodgkinson, sax House, Williamstown, Mass., Charge
A. F. Buchanan, S A X House, Williamstown, Mass., Cor. Sec'y.
KAPPA-Tufts College— 1856
H. J. Savage, S A X House, Tufts College, Mass., Charge Editor.
H. J. Savage, SAX House, Tufts College, Mass., Cor. Sec'y.
LAMBDA— Boston University— 1877
John L, Todbury, 12 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass., Charge Editor.
K. G. Baker, 41 Dorr Street, Roxbury, Mass., Corresponding Sec' y.
MU DEUTERON— Amherst College 1885
Harold S. Brown, @ A X. House, Amherst, Mass., Charge Editor.
D. H. Nbwei,!., '9 A X House, Amherst, Mass., Corresponding Sec'y.
NU DEUTERON— Lehigh University— 1884.
R. F. McElfresh, 237 Broad Street, Bethlehem, Pa., Charge Editor.
Joseph H. GAtWHER, 237 Broad Street, Bethlehem, Pa., Cor. Sec'y.
XI— Hobart College— 1857
S. G. Spoor, Hobart College, Geneva, N. Y., Charge Editor.
C. H. McCray, Hobart College, Geneva, N. Y. , Corresponding Sec'y.
OMICRON DEUTERON— Dartmouth College— 1869
C. Henry Hathaway, Hanover, N. H., Charge Editor.
1,. A. Sprague, Hanover, N. H., Corresponding Sec'y.
PI DEUTERON— College of the City of New York— 1881
Geo. Gale Dixon, N. Y. City, Charge Editor.
F. J. Coleman, 850 Lexington Ave., N. Y. City, Corresponding Sec'y.
RHO DEUTERON— Columbia University— 1883
E. B. Sigerson, A.YHouse 431 W. 117 Street, N. Y. City, Charge Editor.
George H. Reaney, 431 W. 117 Street, N. Y. City, Corresponding Sec'y.
SIGMA DEUTERON— University of Wisconsin-1895
James B. Robertson, 703 State Street, Madison, Wis., Charge Editor.
V. H. Kadish, 703 State Street, Madison, Wis., Corresponding Sec'y.
TAU DEUTERON— University of Minnesota— 1892
Geo. H. Tyler, 1328 6th street, S. E., Minneapolis, Minn., Charge Editor.
E. W. Huntley, 100 Beacon Street, S. E., Minneapolis, Minn., Cor. Sec'y.
PHI— Lafayette College— 1867
W. F. Evans, Easton, Pa., Charge Editor.
James R. Darcie, 73 Knox Hall, Easton, Pa., Cor. Sec'y.
CHI— University of Rochester— 1867
F. Raymond Lewis, S A X House, 96 Park Ave., Rochester, N. Y., Charge
C. A. Simpson, fc> A X House, 96 Park Ave., Rochester, N.Y., Corresponding
CHI DEUTERON— George Washington University- 1896
Chas. N.Gregory, AXHouse, 1203 New Hamp. Ave., N.W., Wash., D.C.,
Dblos H. Smith, 1203 New Hampshire Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C,
PSl— Hamilton College— 1868
S. T. Kinney, A X House, Clinton, N. Y., Charge Editor.
S. T. Kinney, & A X House, Clinton, N. Y., Corresponding Sec'y.
SHIELD SURPLUS TRUSTEES
Frank N. Dodd, Rho Deuteron, 1891. Chairman.
Carl A. Harstrom, Xi, '86.
Carl Tombo, Pi Deuteron, '97.
ASSOCIATION OF THETA DELTA CHI
President: Carl A. Harstrom. Xi.
ist Vice-President : Wm. B. Wright, Jr., Pi Deuteron.
2nd Vice-President: Clifford Wilmurt, Pi Deuteron.
Treasurer: Frederic Carter, Epsilon Deuteron.
Secretary : Frank N. Dodd, Rho Deuteron, '91, 150 West 40th St., N. Y. City.
Grand Lodge Curator: H. A. Bullock, Mu Deuteron.
Secretaries are requested to examine the lists of officers in each issue,
and kindly report to the editor any corrections thai may be necessary.
LOCAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONS
NEW ENGLAND ASSOCIATION-5884
Amherst, Bowdoin, Brown, Boston University, Dartmouth, Harvard, Tufts,
President: Frederick W. Fosdick, Mu D., '98, 28 State Street, Boston.
Vice-Presidents : Hon. Levi Turner, Eta, '86; Hon. Augustus Miller, Zeta,
'71 ; Harry P. Brown, Iota, '01 ; Chas. M. Davenport, Iota D., '01 ; Rev.
F. W. Hamilton, Kappa, '80; Prof. C. J. Bullock, Lambda, '88; Dr.
Paul C. Phillips, Mu D., '88 ; Frank W. Wentworth, Omicron D., '03.
Secretary : Frank W. Kimball, 47 Kilby Street, Boston, Mass.
Directors : Brothers Shires, Zeta ; Soule, Eta ; Fernald, Iota ; Bassett, Iota
D. ; Dole, Kappa ; James, Lambda ; Crawford, Mu D.; Burnie, Omricon D,
NEW YORK GRADUATE ASSOCIATION-1856
President : Hon. Willis S. Paine, LL. D.
Vice-Presidents : Hon. Samuel D. Morris, James Cruikshank, LL. D.,
Franklin Burdge, Charles M Donald, Colonel Rodney Smith, U. S. A.
Charles R. Miller.
Historian : Colonel William L. Stone.
Secretary: H. D. Brookins, 38 Park Row, New York.
SOUTHERN GRADUATE ASSOCIATION-1887
President: Rev. J. Mcbride Sterrett, D. D., Springland, D. C.
Vice-President : E. M. Wilson, Central High School, Washington, D. C.
Secretary and Treasurer: Harry T. Domer, 916 F. Street, N. W,,
Washington, D. C.
CENTRAL GRADUATE ASSOCIATION-1890
President: Dr. H. F. Lewis, ist Vice-President : Guy C. Pierce.
2nd Vice-President : Dr. Pleasant Hunter.
Secretary: F. W. Thurneau, 549 Marquette Building, Chicago.
Treasurer : G. H. Jones.
Executive Committee: O. T. Eastman, W. F. Tobey, Stephen Gardner.
BUFFALO GRADUATE ASSOCIATION— 1891
President : John O. Chace, Xi, '88.
Vice-President : Heary F. RusseU, Nu Deut., '96.
Secretary and Treasurer : V.^^-&\xmo-Q.'lQ,x\&\.\i.,]x.,'^\., '01, 550 EUicott
Square, Buffalo, N.' Y.
Executive Committee : Dr. \Vm. H. Chace, Xi., '84, John D. Larkin, Jr.,
Phi, '99, Wm. B. Hoyt, Beta '81.
NEW YORK GRADUATE CLUB— 1896
President : Frank N. Dodd.
Vice-Presidents: Willis S. Paine, James Hess, Clifford Wilmurt, Dahiel S.
Dougherty, Edward Stetson Griffing.
Secretary : Joseph R I,ynes, 2040 Seventh Ave., New York City.
Treasurer: C. Le Clair Howe.
Chairman House Committee : Harry A. Bullock.
ROCHESTER GRADUATE ASSOCIATlON-1902
President: David G. Meyer.
Vice-Presidents : Willis S. Paine, Adelbert P. Little.
Treasurer : Joseph R. Webster.
Secretary : Charles P. Schtnid, Jr. 1424 Broadway, New York City.
PACIFIC ASSOCIATION— 1897
President : Shirley C. Walker.
Vice-President : Emory C. Brace.
Secretary : McCullough Graydon, Berkley, Cal.
Treasurer : Albert F. Kindt.
Directors: Hon. Geo. W. Haight, Earl D. Pillsbury and the officers.
RHODE LSLAND ALUMNI ASSOCIATION— 1898
Presidettt: William D. Martin, '62.
Vice-President : George Briggs, '73.
Secretary: E. S. Roberts, '96.
Treasurer : E. C. Stiness, '90.
Executive Committee : The above officers, and M. W. Kern, R. S.Emerson,
R. K. Lvons.
HAVERHILL THETA DELTA CHI ASSOCIATION— 1900
President: Dr. W. D. McFee, Haverhill, Mass.
Vice-President: J. C. O'Conner, Haverhill, Mass.
Secretary and Treasurer : Harlan Cate. Haverhill, Mass.
Executive Committee : S. M. Chase, Harley Russ.
THE FRANK J. KLINE ASSOCIATION! Norttiwt;sterii)-190«
President : William I. Gray.
Vice-President : C. T. Moffet.
Secretary : Winfield W. Bardwell, Loan and Trust Building, Minneapolis,
Treasurer : Soren P. Rees.
WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA ASSOClATION-1903
President : James R. Mellon.
Vice-President : H. A. Flint.
Treasurer : John F. Tim.
Secretary: Chauncey Lobingier, 11 24 Park Building, Pittsburgh, Pa.
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA GRADUATE ASSOCIATION— 1903
President: N. W. Myrick, Zeta, '00.
Vice-President : Hon. James Mc Lachlan, Psi. '78.
Treasurer: J. E. Mc Intyre, Epsilon Deuteron, '99.
Secretary: H. C. Brown, Eta Deuteron, '04, Passadena, Cal.
OHIO ORADUATB ASSOCIATION
President: J. Kilbourne Jones, Theta, '58, Colurnbus, O.
Pice - President : James Lawrence, Theta, '71. Cleveland, O.
Secretary-Treasurer : W. E. Grant, Theta, '86, Mt. Vernon, O.
CENTRAL NEW YORK GRADUATE ASSOCIATION
President: Rev. W. W. Davvley, D. D., Psi, '75.
Vice-President : Robert C. Scott, Xi, '70.
Secretary : Prof. P. O. Place, Omicron Deuteron, '93, Syracuse University.
Treasurer : Merwin W. Lav, Chi, '99.
Executive Committee: Judge Frederick W. Thompson, Beta, '87, B. W.
Sherwood, M.D., Psi, '82, G. H. Beebe, Delta, '96, Rev. W. L. Dawtelle,
Iota Deuteron, '94, A. M. Edwards, Eta, 'So.
CHARGE ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONS
The Charges are requested kindly to report to the editor, the date oj
formation and the officers of any alumni associations 7ww in existence which
do not appear below, or ivhich may be organized in the future.
BETA GRADUATE ASSOCIATlON-1890
Kindly submit list of oj/lceis.
KAPPA GRADUATE ASSOCIATION -1892
Vice-President : F. W. Hamilton, '80.
Treasurer : Josiah Butler, "01.
Clerk: I. R. Kent. 201 Columbus Ave., Boston, Mass.
Executive Committee : Sumner Robinson, '88; Stillman Shaw, '93; C. N.
Barney, '95 and the officers.
LAMBDA GRADUATE ASSOClATION-1899
President : W. F. Rogers, 324 Worthington Street, Boston, Mass.
Vice-President : James Davies.
Recording Secretary : F. S. Baldwin, 17 Pinckney Street, Boston, Mass.
Corresponding Secretary : F. W Kimball, 47 Kilby Street, Boston, Mass.
Treasurer: C. B. Tewksbury, 14 Landseer Street, West Roxbury, Mass.
XI GRADUATE ASSOCIATION-1899
President : William G. Raines.
Vice-President : Edward J. Cook, Geneva, N. Y.
Secretary-Treasurer : F. B. Griffith, Jr., 550 Ellicott Square, Buffalo, N. Y.
GAMMA DEUTERON ASSOCIATION— 1900
President: Wolcott IL Butler.
Treasurer: Richard M. Heames.
Secretary : B. H. Montgomery, 910 Cornwell Place, Ann Arbor, Mich,
Board of Directors : George Rebec, Frank Brisco and the officers.
IOTA DEUTERON HOUSE FUND TRUSTEES-1901
Frederic C. Ferry, '90.
John P. Huntington, '90, Norwich, Conn., (Treas.)
Russell C. Gibbs.
Harry T. Watson.
MU DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION-1901
President: Arthur J. Hopkins, '85, Amherst, Mass.
Vice-President : Warren J. Burke, '02, Worcester, Mass.
Treasurer: H. W. Kidder, '97, Amherst, Mass.
Secretary: Harry A. Bullock, '99, New York City.
CHI DEUTERON GRADUATE ASSOCIATION- 1901
President: Stanton C. Peelle, Kellogg Building, Washington, D. C.
Vice President: G. W. Kellv, 2702-i3th Street, N. W., Washington, D. C.
Secretary-Treasurer: H. T. Domer, 916 F Street, N. W., Washington, D. C.
ETA CHAPTER HOUSE CORPORATION— I90I
President : Philip Dana.
Vice-Preside7ii : Llewellyn Barton.
Treasurer : Wilmot B. Mitchell.
Cleri : Levi Turner.
Directors : L. Barton, W. B. Mitchell, P. J. C. Little, Philip Dana, L. D.
ROCHESTER QSAOUATE ASSOCiATlON— i902
President : David G. Meyer,
Vice-President: Willis S. Paine, Adalbert P. Little.
Treasurer : Joseph R. Wel)ster.
Secretary : Charles P. Schiiiid, Jr., 1424 Broadway, New York City.
ZETA DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCI.ATION-1902
President: J. W. Duncan.
Secretary : C. E. Fortin, 64 Durocher Street, Montreal, Canada.
Treasurer : H. B. Munro.
RHO DEUTERON ALUMN! ASSOCIATION— 1902
President: George Ehret, Jr.
Vice-President : Charles E. Morrison.
Secretary : L. Liudenmeyr, 1,359 W. 121 Street, New York City.
Treasurer : J. Boyce Smith, Jr.
IOTA ALUMNI ASS9CIATI0N-I902
Secretary-Treasurer : Sidney R. Wrightington, '97, 31 State Street, Boston.
SiOMA DEUTERON ALUMN! ASSOCIATION— 1903
President : I. P. Witter, '96, Grand Rapids, Mich.
Vice-President : J. F. Wilson, '96, Appleton, Wis.
Treasurer : J. A. Pratt, '94, Menominee F'alls, Wis.
General-Secretary : George A. Scott, '02, Chicago, 111.
DELTA DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION— 1903
President : David M. Barnwell.
Treasurer : Vere W. Hunter.
General-Secretary : St. John E. McCormick, 539 Mission Street, San Fran-
ETA DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION-1904
President: W. G. Schulte, '03.
Vice-President : L. C. Hawle}', '03.
Secretary-Treasurer : F. F. Gundruni, 'o},, Riverside, Cal.
EPSILON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION— 1904
President: H. Jackson Davis, '02.
Vice-President : W. Arthur Maddox, '04.
Secretary-Treasurer : Arthur D. Wright, '04, P. O. Box 15, Richmond, Va.
PHI ALUMNI ASSOCIATION— 1904
President : John Markle, '80.
Vice-President : Wm. A. Jones, Jr., '02.
Secretary: Charles Albertson, '93, Bangor, Pa.
Treasurer : James G. Stradling, '00, 230 Gattell Street, Easton, Pa.
PI DEUTERON ALUMNI ASSOCIATION-1904
President : Harry A. Fisher, '99.
Secretary-Treasurer : H. Miles Holton, '99, 6 W. 132 St., N. Y. City.
John Hay ; A Memorial History, Harry T. Domer 275
A Mkmoriai. of John Hay, William L. Stone 317
Tribute of the Nations, compiled by Harry T. Domer 333
The Dispassionate Press 350
John Henry Ai^tschu, Harry T. Domer 360
Mu Deuteron Anniversary, Paul C. Phillips 364
Uta Effervescence 365
Masterpieces of Old Fate 367
The Hay Lyric Genius 368
The "36" Club Dinner 371
Resolutions of New York Graduate Association 372
Graduate Club Report 373
In Memoriam 376
Our Graduates 386
Exchange Gi.eanings 406
News of the Greeks _. 411
The Shield is published quarterly — in March, June, Sep-
tember, and December — by the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity.
The subscription price is one dollar a year. Single
copies, THIRTY CENTS. Add ten cents for collection on personal
checks. Subscriptions may begin with any number.
Address all communications respecting subscriptions, adver-
tising rates, etc., to
H. K. McCann, Business Manager,
47 Elm Street,
Elizabeth, N. J.
Entered at the post-office at Ithaca, N. Y., as second-class matter.
Portrait by Holliager
I Two Copies Hecelved
I DEC '^^ 1^^^
' KM. No,
T H E S
Vol. XXI SEPTEMBER, 1905
A MEMORIAL HISTORY*
BY HARRY TENNYSON DOMER
"Howl, fir-tree, for the cedar is fallen."
— Zechariah XI, 2.
"When the smaller growths of the forest topple, there is but
little excitement in the wood. The stork does not so much as
flutter a wing, nor does the hart lift its mouth dripping from the
water-brooks. But when a cedar that has been standing for
ages, the glory of the forest, touched with decay, or under the
swoop of the hurricane, begins to weigh its anchorage of root,
and falls, the crash startles the eagle from its aerie, and sends the
stag in wild plunge from the rock, and shakes the very founda-
tion of the mountains.
"A few hours ago a black and swarthy axeman went into
the forests of men. He had hewn down many a tall and gigantic
growth ; he has been swinging his axe for six thousand years,
and he knows how to cut. He aimed the sharp and fatal edge at
one whom we all knew — stroke after stroke, stroke after stroke,
until the cedar which had stood the blasts of trouble and trial,
and abuse and toil, drops into the dust, two hemispheres re-
sounding with the fall. 'Howl, fir-tree, for the cedar is fallen ! " '
Copywright, 1905, by Harry T. Domer.
276 THE SHIELD
Thus spoke Talmage of Greeley. During the thirty odd
years since that time the swarthy axeman has not forgotten his
art ; his arm has lost none of its cunning, nor his axe its keen
edge. Day after day the lesser growths of the forest fall on all
sides of us, attracting hardly more than passing comment. But
ever and anon the axeman rolls up his sleeve for a sturdier
stroke, and, to our horror and dismay, the kings of the forest
come crashing down, shaking the foundations of the mountains.
McKinley and Hobart, Reed, Hanna and Hoar, Piatt, Payne,
Quay and Lamont have passed away ; and recently, also, a splen-
did oak with the shield of Theta Delta Chi blazed upon its
breast, Elmer H. Capen, President of Tufts.
And now John Hay is dead. His fall resounds through
two hemispheres, startling the nations ; and with the voice of
Zechariah we call out to the forests, "Howl, fir-tree, for the cedar
is fallen !"
For over a year past John Hay had not been in the best of
health. Overwork, together with a constitutional trouble, had
undermined his strength. By the orders of his physicians he re-
mained at the State Department only in the morning, returning
home about two o'clock for luncheon, and spending the afternoon
either quietly in his study or out in the open air walking or
driving. As much as possible he avoided all social engagements,
except certain functions of state where his presence was abso-
lutely necessary. But in spite of this extreme care his condition
grew steadily worse until his physician finally commanded an
absolute rest from all cares of state and advised an extended sea
voyage. Accordingly, after the inauguration ceremonies of last
March were over, Secretary Hay made his arrangements for a
long trip abroad. He left Washington on the 17th of the same
month and sailed from New York on the "Cretic" the next day.
The country knew him to be in ill health, but not until his
collapse in boarding the boat did it realize the gravity of his con-
dition. While walking out on the pier he was suddenly seized
with an attack of weakness and would have fallen had not friends
caught him and led him to a truck near by. He insisted, how-
ever, on undertaking the voyage. He was assisted up the steps
to the deck, though with the greatest difficulty, and was com-
JOHN HA Y 277
pletely exhausted when he reached the top. Medical officers at-
tended him aboard ship and he rallied considerably before the
vessel sailed. Later reports showed his condition to be much
improved. The greater part of his time abroad was spent at
Bad Nauheim where he took the baths and underwent special
treatment for his ailment. When he left there the doctors con-
sidered him practically a well man.
Secretary Hay then continued his journey through Europe
but refused to permit any official demonstration in his honor.
Much melancholy interest centers about this last pilgrimage. It
seems to complete the cycle of his diplomatic career as he now, in
the plentitude of his powers and of his fame, revisits the old
scenes where, forty years before, he had taken his first lessons in
the art of which he was to become a master.
Secretary Hay returned to the United States in June, having
been absent about three months. His health was much better
and he hoped soon to be able to resume his duties at the State
Department ; but he was urged to use the utmost caution and to
spend the summer in rest and quiet. Before going North, how-
ever, he ran down to Washington for a few days to look after
business of an official nature which required his attention. He
had several interviews with the President on important pending
questions, and waded through the great mass of correspondence
which had accumulated during his absence. In all he spent
about a week at the Department.
On Thursday, June 22d, Secretary Hay held what was des-
tined to be his last diplomatic reception. He was greatly
touched by the tribute paid him that day. Fifteen ambassadors,
ministers and charges called, and from the time the Secretary en-
tered the reception room to receive his first caller, the British
Ambassador, he was kept busy until lunch time receiving the
congratulations, many of them presented officially as well as per-
sonally, upon his return and supposed recovery.
"I have not had such a reception since the early winter,"
he remarked as he returned to his private office, ' 'and it has been
so pleasant to greet my friends again."
On June 24th Mr. Hay, accompanied by his son, left Wash-
ington for his summer home, ' 'The Fells", on Lake Sunapee, New
278 THE SHIELD
Hampshire. He was not optimistic about his health, though he
believed that his European trip had done him much good. The
journey to New Hampshire fatigued the Secretary, and further-
more he contracted a slight cold ; but the trip was made in safety
and Mr. Hay reached "The Fells" the same evening. On the
afternoon of the next day, however, he broke down and his con-
dition became so alarming that specialists were summoned from
Boston. By Monday the doctors were able to announce that Mr.
Hay's condition was not serious and that with a few days' rest
he would be able to get out into the open air again. His con-
dition continued to be satisfactory through the week, but at
midnight on Friday, without a moment's warning, there was a
sudden change for the worse. Heroic remedies were applied
without result and the physicians then saw that the end was
near. Mrs. Hay was summoned and was soon at her husband's
bedside, but the moment of dissolution arrived so quickly that
the son and daughter had not time to reach the room.
John Hay died at 12:25 Saturday moruing, July ist. The
immediate cause of death was pulmonary embolism. The news
came as a great shock to the President and to the American
people. President Roosevelt paid the following tribute to the
momory of his late Premier :
"My sense of deep personal loss, great though it is, is lost
in my sense of bereavement to the whole country in Mr. Hay's
death. I was inexpressively shocked, as every one was ; for all
of us, including Mr. Hay's immediate family, had supposed that
all immediate danger was over, and I had been hoping that the
rest during the summer would put him again in good health by
the fall. The American people have never had a greater Secre-
tary of State than John Hay, and his loss is a national calamity."
The remains were taken to Cleveland, Ohio, Secretary
Hay's old home, and there with simple services, mourned by the
President, Vice-President, and his associates of the present and
former Cabinets, who had journeyed to Cleveland to pay their
last tribute, all that was mortal of John Hay was laid to rest in
the beautiful L,ake View Cemetery.
By order of the President, memorial services were held in
JOHN HA Y 279
Washington at the hour of interment in Cleveland. The arrange-
ments were in charge of the State Department and partook of
the character of a state function. The services were held at
eleven o'clock at the Church of the Covenant where Secretary
Hay was a worshiper and a member of the Board of Trustees.
The entire diplomatic corps in full uniform was present, as were
also the officers of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. It was
an imposing spectacle. In the first of the central pews of the
church were seated the embassadors, and back of them the
ministers, charges d' affaires, and the secretaries of legation.
Back of the diplomats were the members of the general staff of
the Army. To the right of the center aisle were ranged the
Assistant Secretaries, bureau chiefs, and government officials.
Back of them sat the officers of the Navy and Marine Corps.
Theta Delta Chi also paid tribute at these services to the
memory of its departed brother. A delegation representing the
Grand Lodge attended and was seated directly in rear of the
army officers, in a pew reserved for them by the State Depart-
ment. This embassy was composed as follows ; Rev. James
Macbride Sterrett, Chi, '67, Chairman ; Rev. James W. Wight-
man, Pi, '60 ; Dr. LeGrand Powers, Kappa, '72 ; Rev. W. Hart
Dexter, Chi, '78 ; and Harry T. Domer, Chi Deuteron, 1900.
Brother Carlos C. Arosemena, Delta, '92, acting as charges d'
affaires of Panama, sat with the diplomatic corps, but Brother
Gonzalo de Quesada, the Cuban Minister, was prevented from
being present on account of absence in Europe.
The memorial services were of the simplest character. A
quartet sang two hymns which were favorites of Brother Hay,
"For All the Saints who from their I^abors Rest" and "Lead,
Kindly Light" ; there was a prayer, a reading of selected pas-
sages from the Scriptures, and a brief eulogy by the Pastor of the
church. Rev. Teunis S. Hamlin, D.D. The entire service did
not last over one hour.
Memorial services were held elsewhere in the United States
and also in Europe, notably in St. Paul's Cathedral, London,
where a full choral service was rendered, the choir numbering
one hundred voices. Dispatches of condolence, eulogies, trib-
utes, came from sovereigns, governments, associations, individ-
28o THE SHIELD
uals, in all quarters of the globe. The world seemed to give
spontaneous testimony to its grief with a fervor that has been
aroused by probably no other deaths of recent years except those
of Queen Victoria and President McKinley alone. After the as-
sassination of Abraham L,incolnthe expressions of grief and con-
dolence that were sent to the government at Washington from na-
tional, provincial and municipal bodies all over the globe, were
published by the State Department in a quarto volume of nearly
a thousand pages, entitled "The Tribute of the Nations to
Abraham Lincoln". In like manner the messages received upon
the death of John Hay might be appropriately collected under
the title of "The Tribute of the Nations to John Hay".
John Hay was born in Salem, Indiana, October 8th, 1838.
He was the third son of Dr. Charles and Helen (Leonard) Hay,
his father being a physician of influence and ability, courteous,
high-minded, old-fashioned, who later removed to Warsaw, Illi-
nois, where he spent the remainder of his long and useful life.
Brother Hay's ancestors on his father's side were Scotch. His
great-great-grandfather, also named John Hay, was the son of a
Scottish soldier who had left his native land at the beginning of
the eighteenth century to take service in the army of the Elector
Palatine. This John Hay, with his family of four sons, later
emigrated to America, settling in Virginia in the year 1750.
Two of these boys served with distinction in the Revolutionary
War, one of them, Adam Hay, having had the good fortune to
win the friendship of General Washington. After American in-
dependence had been Vvon, Adam Play left Virginia with his
family and settled in Kentucky. One of his sons, John, the
second of that name, married and lived for many years in that
state. He was a man of large build ; and although of a quiet
and peaceable disposition, had inherited his father's determina-
tion and love of liberty. This showed itself when, at the age of
fifty-five, he made up his mind that Kentucky with its slave in-
stitutions was no place in which to bring up a large family ; so
he removed to Sangamon County, Illinois, since made famous as
the early home of Lincoln, another Kentucky immigrant. John
Hay's eldest son, Charles Hay, the father of Secretary Hay,
studied medicine and, on receiving his degree, located in Salem,
JOHN HAY 281
Indiana. In 1831 he married a daughter of Rev. David A. Leon-
ard, a Rhode Island man of English ancestry, well known among
his contemporaries as a preacher of learning and eloquence, a
graduate of Brown University in 1793, and, like his grandson
sixty-five years later, poet of his class.
In a speech a few years ago John Hay made the following
humorous reference to his ancestr^^ and career : —
"A distinguished American some time ago leaped into unmerited fame
by saying : 'Some men are born great — others are born in Ohio'. This is
mere pleonasm, for a man who is born in Ohio is born great. I can say
this as the rest of you cannot — without the reproach of egotism, for I have
Buffered all my life under the handicap of not having been bom in that
fortunate Commonwealth. Indeed, when I look back upon the shifting
scenes of my life, if I am not that altogether deplorable creature, a man
without a country, I am, when it comes to pull and prestige, almost
equally bereft, as I am a man without a State.
I was born in Indiana, I grew up in Illinois, I was educated in Rhode
Island, and it is no blame to that scholarly community that I know so little.
I learned my law in Springfield and my politics in Washington, my diplo-
macy in Europe, Asia and Africa. I have a farm in New Hampshire and
desk room in the District of Columbia. When I look to the springs from
which my blood descends, the first ancestors I ever heard of were a Scotch-
man, who was half Knglish, and a German woman, who was half French.
Of mj' immediate progenitors my mother was from New England and my
father was from the South. In this bewilderment of origin and experience
I can only put on an aspect of deep humility in any gathering of favorite
sons, and confess that I am nothing but an American."
John Hay's boyhood days were spent at Warsaw, Illinois, at
that time a struggling pioneer village with all the elements of
hardy Western life. Surrounded by such conditions as these, in-
cident to the conquering of a new territory and to the organiza-
tion and upbuilding of a steadily growing frontier community,
boys matured much more rapidly than they do in older commun-
ities. Every man and boy had his work to do, his problems to
solve, his responsibilities to meet. This threw the boy on his
own resources, it brought him into close companionship
with men ; it made him thoughtful, self-reliant, sturdy, aggres-
sive : it gave him a serious view of life ; it made him able, in
some degree, to appreciate men and measures. This also gave
rise to frank intimacies between men and boys, like that between
282 THE SHIELD
lyincoln and Hay, and like that between Washington and Ham-
ilton at an earlier period of our history.
Young Hay received the rudiments of his education in such
schools as the district afforded, from private tutoring at home,
and from a preparatory academy at Springfield, Illinois. From
the outset he evinced a decided taste for literature, and this was
encouraged by his parents. By the time he was sixteen he was
so well grounded in preliminary studies that arrangements were
made for sending him to college. Providence, Rhode Island,
had been the early home of his mother, and Brown University
the Alma Mater of his grand-father, so that it was natural that
young Hay should be sent there for his college training. The
thoroughness of his preparatory work was shown in the fact that
he was able to enter the Sophomore Class. There this "comely
young man with peach-bloom face" achieved success from the
start. Quiet and reserved, with a thoughtful temperament, yet
frank, manly, open-hearted, and a most delightful companion,
he soon gained a place in the affections and esteem of his fellows.
He seems at this early date to have been animated by the princi-
ple which characterized him to such a remerkable degree in later
years. He himself has aptly expressed it in one of his "Dis-
tichs" thus :
"Make all good men your well wisliers ;
And then, in the years' steady sifting,
Some of them grow into friends.
Friends are the sunshine of life."
Naturally such a man as this became much sought after by
the ever watchful, rival fraternities ; and it is to the everlasting
glory of Theta Delta Chi that he pledged his devotion to the
Black, White and Blue, and that throughout all his later years,
throughout all his varied activities and signal achievements the
old love suffered no diminution and the old enthusiasm no chill.
John Hay graduated in June, 1858, with the degree of Bach-
elor of Arts, and at the commencement exercises delivered the
class poem. This was a really notable effort and was subse-
quently published by the class. The closing lines are particu-
larly beautiful :
JOHN HA Y 283
'.'Where'er afar the beck of fate shall call us,
'Mid winter's boreal chill or summer's blaze,
Fond memory's chain of (lowers shall still enthrall us.
Wreathed by the spirits of these vanished days.
Our hearts shall bear them safe through life's commotion.
Their fading gleam shall light us to our graves ;
As in the shell the memories of ocean
Murmur forever of the sounding waves."
After leaving college John Hay took up the study of law in
the office of his uncle, Milton Hay, at Springfield, Illinois, and
was admitted to the bar in 1861. However, he was destined
never to practice his profession. Already an element had en-
tered into his life which was to influence his whole future.
Milton Hay, while a young man employed at the Court House in
Springfield, had made the acquaintance of Abraham Lincoln, at
that time a lawyer of indifierent legal ability but already, though
only thirty years of age, a man of considerable local influence.
Hay was attracted to Lincoln and suggested that he would like
to study law under him. Lincoln agreed and gave up many of
his evenings to instructing his young friend. The latter made
great progress and in the course of time became one of the leading
lawyers of the state. For many years Milton Hay occupied an
office room adjoining that of the firm of Lincoln and Logan, and
he still occupied this office when his nephew, John Hay, came to
study law with him. Thus the latter was thrown into daily
contact with his uncle's neighbors, and with Lincoln particularly
he early established very cordial relations. Lincoln spent many
hours in Hay's office and took a great liking to the young stu-
dent. As time went on this attachment grew and the man and
the youth soon became firm friends. Hay venerated Lincoln
and supported him ardently in the great controversy at this time
stirring the nation and in which Lincoln was playing an ever
more prominent part. At last in the summer of i860 came Lin-
coln's nomination to the Presidency, and immediately John Hay,
though but a stripling of twenty-two, threw himself heart and
soul into the campaign both as a writer and speaker. The most
momentous electoral struggle in our national history resulted in
the victory of the Republican candidates. The voice of the peo-
ple called Lincoln to the post of infinite danger and responsibility
284 THE SHIELD
at the helm of the laboring ship of state. In organizing his
political household the new President chose John G. Nicolay of
Springfield as his private secretary and John Hay as his assistant.
At last the time came for the journey to Washington.
Early on Monday morning, February nth, 1861, the citizens of
Springfield gathered in the dingy little railroad station to bid
their old friend and fellow townsman a fond good bye, and to
wish him Godspeed in the tremendous task which confronted
him. John Hay in his life of Lincoln has described with great
pathos that touching scene. Assembled in the little waiting-
room, the people crowded about the President-elect and then
formed a single line to pass by and give him a parting shake of
the hand. But before this ceremony could be completed the
whistle of the engine was heard and the presidential party moved
out onto the platform. When the train drew up, Lincoln
entered the last car and the people gathered around it expecting
a few words of farewell. There was a pause, the conductor was
about to pull the rope when Lincoln's tall form appeared on the
rear platform. Instinctively, as though impressed with the
great solemnity of the occasion, the men bared their heads to the
falling snowflakes. Lincoln was filled with emotion ; for a
moment he could not speak ; then, in a few pathetic words, that
were later to be frought with such a world of meaning, he
addressed his neighbors thus :
"My Friends : No one, not in my situation, can appreciate my feeling
of sadness at this parting. To this place, and the kindness of these people,
I owe everything. Here I have lived a quarter of a century, and have
passed from a young to an old man. Here my children have been born,
and one is buried. I now leave, not knowing when or whether ever I may
return, with a task before me greater than that which rested upon Wash-
ington. Without the assistance of that Divine Being who ever attended
him, I cannot succeed. With that assistance, I cannot fail. Trusting in
Him who can go with me, and remain with you, and be everywhere for
good, let us confidently hope that all will yet be well. To His care com-
mending yon, as I hope in your prayers you will commend me, I bid you
an affectionate farewell."
The people stood in silence, many with tears streaming down
their cheeks, as the train slowl}^ started on its long journey.
They were destined never to hear that voice again.
JOHN HA Y 285
John Hay accompanied Lincoln to Washington ; and thus
began that long intimacy between the great President and the
youthful secretary which forms such a pleasant episode amid the
dark days of the Civil War. Their relations were most charm-
ing. Lincoln treated Hay with all the affection of a father but
with more than a father's freedom, and the latter reciprocated
with a devotion and a veneration more than filial. Hay lived at
the White House, and it is said that if the President happened
to wake up in the night he often roused his young secretary and
they would sit and read together. Their tastes were similar.
Especially did Hay appreciate Lincoln's peculiar humor and
enjoy his favorite humorous writings, a circumstance which
pleased Lincoln the more as so many men, like Stanton, were
quite unable to understand why Lincoln, in the midst of some
great crisis, w-ould indulge in jokes or funny stories. Hay's
quick sympathy was, therefore, a boon to the overburdened
President, who often found in the cheerful, sunny disposition of
his secretary a welcome relief from the strain of official cares.
On pleasant afternoons the two w^ent driving together ; on Sun-
days they attended services together at the New York Avenue
Presbyterian Church ; and on summer evenings they were in
the habit of dining at the Soldiers' Home just outside the city
where Lincoln occupied a cottage during the warm months.
Thus John Hay came to know the President as no other
man of his time, young or old, knew him. He became indis-
pensable to him and gained his absolute trust and confidence not
only in affairs of a private nature but in public matters as well.
This was shown by the many delicate missions with which Hay
was charged. During the war Lincoln frequently did not care
to trust to letters. He would then send John Hay with a verbal
message to generals in the field. Hay always bore himself with
tact and firmness and never committed an indiscretion. Some-
times also Lincoln used him upon most responsible civil mis-
sions, as we shall see in connection with the Canada peace
negotiations ; and it was a source of much concern to some of
the President's critics that such important matters should be
entrusted to the hands of a mere boy. But Lincoln's judgment
of men was unerring and he never had cause to regret the con-
286 THE SHIELD
fidence which he placed in the good sense and fidelity of his
An incident which occurred at this time is of special interest
to Theta Delta Chi. John Hay's fraternity brother and college
classmate, Clarence S. Bate, was a Kentuckian by birth and
breeding, and after graduation returned to his native state and
became a very prominent citizen. At the outbreak of the war he
threw in his sympathies with the Confederate cause, but took no
active part until Bragg's invasion of the state in 1862. The fate
of this border common wealth being thus apparently settled in
favor of the South, Brother Bate, swept along by the tide of
Southern enthusiasm, organized a company of young men in his
neighborhood and started out to offer his services to the Confede-
rate general. However, he never reached his goal. On October
8th, Bragg was defeated by Buell at Perryville and was driven
from the state. Bate, therefore, returned home and surrendered
himself to the Union general in command of his district. He
was tried, convicted, and about to be sentenced, when influential
friends came to his assistance and secured a stay of judgment un-
til the President could be appealed to for pardon. Bate's uncle,
Mr. J. H. Locke, fortified with a petition and with strong letters
from leading Union men of the city, set out for Washington. A
letter from Mr. L,ocke, published in the Shied for June, 1898,
gives the following account of what happened there :
"But that (the petition) was not all that I carried ; in my pocket was a
talisman in the form of a letter from Bate to his classmate John Hay. I
well recall the amused expression on Hay's face when he heard my story
and said, "So Bate is in more trouble ; well, we must help him out," and
without delay he took me to Mr. Lincoln to present my papers and make
"The benevolent expression, the sad and searching eyes ; the seeming
confidence in me of that noble character, dispelled embarrassment. I for-
got that I stood in the presence of the President of the United States. He
seemed to sympathize with Bate as much as I did. He took my paper and
told me to call at five o'clock and Mr. Hay would give me his decision.
Needless to say, I was on time, and Mr. Hay welcomed me by saying,
"The President has endorsed the petition." This was on Saturday at five
o'clock. I immediately telegraphed to the judge, and Bate slept at home
that night, the authorities having released him on my statement. On
Monday afternoon I started for Louisville with the pardon in my pocket.
This was in war times, when every department of the government was
JOHN HA Y 287
overwhelmed with work. The explanation is simple and due entirely to
the loyalty of Mr. Hay to his college comrade. He eaid, "Come to me
early Monday morning and I will assist you in getting your papers
through, otherwise Bate's pardon may get into a pigeon hole and he be
kept on prison fare for six months." Mr. Hay's personal influence with
the President was quite sufficient to secure the pardon ; and Bate was al-
ways grateful for his prompt response to his appeal, and glad he owed his
liberty to him. He had tested the bond that binds classmates and he re-
joiced in its enduring strength."
Hay had long felt a yearning for active service in the field
but during the early years of the war, when so many Union gen-
erals were tried and found wanting, the overburdened President
could not spare him from his side. At last General Grant was
placed at the head of the army and assumed not only the full di-
rection of affairs but their entire responsibility. The President's
cares were considerably lightened and now for the first time the
opportunity was given to young Hay to gratify his taste for ac-
tive service. He had had a brief experience of this sort as a vol-
unteer on the staff of General David Hunter ; but he was with-
out military rank, and his chief duty was to act more as the
President's "eyes and ears" in the field than anything else. In
December, 1863, when it became known in Washington that Gen-
eral Q. A. Gillmore was planning an expedition into the inte-
rior, Ha}^ who had many friends in Gillmore' s department,
asked leave to accompany him. This was granted and, at Stan-
ton's suggestion, Lincoln appointed him Assistant Adjutant
General with the rank of Major. He received his commission
on January 12, 1864.
He was, however, charged with a special errand in addition
to his regular staff duties. It had been represented to the Presi-
dent that a considerable number of the citizens of Florida were
ready to give up the struggle and renew their allegiance to the
United States. In the hope of bringing about a reconciliation
with these elements and of reconstructing a loyal state govern-
ment for Florida, President Lincoln issued a proclamation grant-
ing them full pardon upon condition of their signing a parole and
taking the oath of allegiance. Hay was entrusted with the papers
in the case and was given particular instructions for opening ne-
gotiations wherever he might find the people willing to conform
288 THE SHIELD
to the terms of the amnesty proclamation. Accordingly the
young Adjutant General was ordered to proceed to Fernandina
and other convenient points and carry out as far as possible the
objects of his mission. However, the situation had been very
much misrepresented at Washington. Resistance was still strong
in Florida and there were few loyal citizens to enroll. The move
to reconstruct a new state government necessarily failed for lack
of material. Hay, therefore, after the ill success of his mission,
confined himself strictly to the ordinary duties of a staff officer.
He was later given the brevet rank of Lieutenant Colonel and
Colonel "for faithful and meritorious services during the war."
After about six months service with General Gillmore, Hay was
recalled to Washington as Aide-de-Camp to the President, and
once more took up his residence at the White House.
Shortly after this, in July, 1864, occurred the incident of the
Greeley peace negotiations above referred to. Horace Greeley,
though a great editor, was a poor politician. Yet he persisted
in regarding himself as a past master in the art, and dabbled in
political affairs at every opportunity. During the spring and
summer of 1864 his paper, the New York Tribune, hopeless of a
successful outcome of the war, and unimpressed, evidently, by
Grant's hammering tactics or by his grim determination to "fight
it out on this line if it takes all summer," vigorously advocated
a speedy cessation of hostilities and peace at any price. Grant's
repulse at Cold Harbor, and Early's raid up the Shenandoah
Valley and attack upon the defences of Washington, increased
this panicky feeling. Greeley, therefore, as a last resort, under-
took to open negotiations on his own account. He began a cor-
respondence with three Southern gentlemen who had landed in
Canada and deluded himself into the belief that they were ac-
credited envoys of the Confederate government. Greeley pes-
tered the President with urgent demands for a conference, until
the latter, though seeing clearly Greeley's mistake but unwilling
to incur his enmity by a refusal, finally consented that a parley
should take place. However, as a safeguard, he sent John Hay
along with Greeley with private instructions on the subject.
The two arrived at Niagara on July 20th, 1864, and a conference
was had with the Southerners at a place called Clifton, on the
JOHN HA Y 289
Canada side of the border. Here Mr. Greeley's blunder became
evident. It was seen at once that the envoys were not what
Greeley supposed them to be, that they had no power whatever
to negotiate, and furthermore that they were animated by a de-
cidedly discourteous and undiplomatic spirit. Greeley then for
the first time realized the unfortunate position in which he had
placed himself, and, deeply mortified, threw up the negotiations
and returned to New York, leaving John Hay to deal with the
emissaries as he saw fit. The Southerners thereupon published
a harsh criticism of President Lincoln ; and, without more ado,
Hay summarily terminated the conference and left for Washington.
In the meantime Abraham Lincoln had been unanimously
renominated for President by the Republican Party. The ensu-
ing campaign, to use an expression of the Democratic candidate.
General McClellan, was "short, sharp and decisive." Mr. Lin-
coln was overwhelmingly re-elected and his war policy vigorously
The inauguration ceremonies were held at the east front of
the Capitol on March 4th, 1865, and will remain ever memorable
as the occa.sion of that sublime address, that "sacred poem", as
it has been called, which closed with these immortal words : —
"Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourage
of war may speedily pass away. Yet if God wills that it continue until all
the wealth piled by the bondman's two hundred and fifty years of unre-
quited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the
lash shall be paid by another drawn by the sword, as was said three thous-
and years ago, so still it must be said, "The judgments of the Lord are
true and righteous altogether." With malice toward none, with charity for
all, with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive
on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for
him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphan ; to
do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among our-
selves and with all nations. ' '
During the delivery of this address John Hay stood at the
right of the President, holding the manuscript in his hand.
When President Lincoln had finished with one sheet, John Hay
handed him another and received the former one back again.
Thus the entire inaugural was delivered. A circumstance little
known, however, is the fact that President Lincoln had labori-
ously prepared the manuscript for the occasion. His original,
290 THE SHIELD
hand-written copy had been set up in type but the lines were so
close together that the President experienced some difficulty in
reading them. In this emergency he went to the trouble to cut
up the printed address, line by line, and paste it upon large
sheets of foolscap. It was this copy, thus prepared, which was
used at the inauguration ceremonies. A few days later, as a
compliment to John Hay, Mr. Lincoln presented him with this
manuscript together with the original hand- written copy. These
sheets Mr. Hay had bound in a handsome volume which became
to him a most precious treasure. He always kept it in a fire-
proof safe and produced it for the inspection of only his most
During Hay's term of service as private secretary he was, of
course, thrown into close personal contact with members of the
Cabinet. But with Seward in particular was he on terms of the
most cordial friendship. He had won the Secretary's regard not
only by his frank, cheerful manner but also by his solid worth.
Seward found him discreet, trustworthy, quick incomprehension,
and exact in execution ; and was glad to do his young friend a
favor when the opportunity presented itself. Lincoln's second
administration was hardly a month old, when one day Secretary
Seward sent for Hay and asked him if he would not like to see
something of the world. The secretaryship of legation at Paris
was vacant and, if Hay desired it, he would appoint him to the
post. Hay was delighted and accepted at once. Seward there-
upon sent the nomination to the President, much to the latter' s
astonishment. Lincoln, however, heartily approved the appoint-
ment and promptly signed the commission.
With high expectations Hay began making his arrange-
ments for departure. All seemed bright and joyous about him.
Richmond had fallen ; Lee was hard pressed, and his surrender
was only a question of hours. Lincoln had already outlined a
liberal scheme for Southern reconstruction ; and the complete
restoration of the Union seemed at hand. The nation had
emerged from the dark night of trial and civil strife, and stood
bathed in the gladdening rays of a glorious sunrise — a sunrise of
peace, of hope, of reconciliation. Lee's surrender at Appomattox
put the final touch to the universal joy and thanksgiving — but
JOHN HAY 291
suddenly, out of the clear dawn there came a stroke of terrible
swiftness which plunged the nation into the deepest gloom.
On Good Friday evening, April 14th, 1865, John Hay was
sitting in an upper room at the White House talking with Captain
Robert T. I^incoln, the President's eldest son, who had just re-
turned from the front. All at once they were startled by cries
through the house and, rushing to the door, were told that the
President had been assassinated. Instantly they ran downstairs
to the entrance where a large crowd was already gathering.
Jumping into a carriage waiting there, they were driven rapidly
towards Tenth Street where Ford's Theatre was located. They
were loath to believe that the dreadful news could be true, but
as they drew near the spot their worst fears seemed to be realized.
The streets for blocks around were packed with solid masses of
humanity, pushing and surging towards a common centre, but
held back by a long cordon of cavalry which was already on the
scene. It was only with the utmost difficulty that the carriage
was able to cut its way through, but with the aid of the police
they finally reached the house into which I^incoln had been car-
ried. They entered and were led up to the little back room where
the President la}' in his agony. Dr. Stone, the Surgeon General
of the Army, met them at the door and with grave tenderness
told them there was no hope. The President lingered in an un-
conscious condition throughout the night. His low moaning
could be heard through the house, but towards morning he
rested more easih'. A little company of grief- stricken friends
had gathered in the room to watch by the bedside of the dying
man. Dr. Stone sat by the pillow, holding the President's head
between his hands. John Hay stood near him. Others were
grouped about the room. As dawn broke, an unspeakable peace
came over the sufferer's worn features. Life was ebbing fast.
The breathing became slower and more labored — a flutter at the
heart — and then all was still. A sign from the physician told
that the gentle spirit had winged its flight. The little group of
watchers stood for a moment in silence, and then Stanton, with
tears streaming down his cheeks, said in a low tone, "Now he
belongs to the ages." President lyincoln died at twenty-two
minutes after seven, Saturday morning, April 15th, 1865.
292 THE SHIELD
The remains were carried back to Springfield over the same
route which the presidential train had followed after that pathetic
leavetaking of his neighbors four years before. All that was
mortal of the great, good President was laid to rest on the Fourth
of May in Oak Ridge Cemetery ; and that second inaugural
which but two months before I^incoln had pronounced from the
portico of the Capitol, was now with ineffable pathos, read over
At this point one is struck by the sharp contrasts in the
picture, the lights and shadows, the deep gloom of Washington
where John Hay was making his mournful preparations for de-
parture, and the light gaiety of the French capital which was to
be his new field of activity. He was not loth to go. The old
familiar scenes in Washington were fraught with tender memories
of that great-hearted man who, for four long, momentous years,
had been almost a father to him. Paris offered a change of
scene, a change of occupation, a change of atmosphere, and he
welcomed it. Doubtless Secretary Seward had other reasons
than mere friendship for sending young Hay to this post. At
the close of the war Paris became to America the most important
capital in Europe, not even excepting London. The "inscruta-
ble emperor", Louis Napoleon, was on the throne. He had been
all but openly hostile to the Union cause. He had been leader
among European nations in the movement to recognize the
Southern Confederacy. He had complacently deluded himself into
the belief that the United States was going to pieces and that her
sway over North America was at an end. With utter disregard,
therefore, of the protests of the American government, he had
interfered in the affairs of Mexico and, when all the energies of
the United States were employed in the struggle with rebellion,
had seized the opportunity for forcing upon the Mexican people
an imperial despotism, maintained by French troops, and with an
emperor of his own choosing, the Archduke Maximilian at its
head. This was, of course, a flagrant violation of the Monroe
Doctrine ; but the United States, engaged as she was, contented
herself with protestations through diplomatic channels, and put
the question by for more careful consideration at a later and
more propitious season. At length the time came. America
JOHN HA Y 293
emerged from the war more powerful than ever before, with an
army and a navy second to none in the entire world. With re-
bellion crushed, she now found her hands free to deal with the
"little nephew of the great Napoleon". Without a moment's
delay General Sheridan, flushed with his recent victories, was
sent with a column of fifty thousand, trained veterans towards
the Mexican frontier. Simultaneously a note was dispatched to
the French government stating that it would be ' 'gravely incon-
venient to the United States if the French troops were not with-
drawn from Mexico. Louis Napoleon, brought face to face with
the issue, tried negotiation to get around it, but the American
government stood firm. There was, then, no choice left for him
but to withdraw. Withdraw he must ; and withdraw he did,
with what grace he could. Just two months and one week after
the last of the French troops had embarked, Maximilian was
captured by the Mexican Liberals, tried by court martial and
shot. The imperial government fell like a house of cards. Thus
vanished Louis Napoleon's silly dream of a "Latin Empire in
It was at the commencement of these important negotiations
that Mr. Seward sent John Hay as Secretary to the Paris Lega-
tion. There Hay conducted himself with his accustomed tact
and ability and soon won the regard of Mr. Bigelow, the Ameri-
can Minister. The latter expressed his satisfaction to the Secre-
tary of State and in reply Mr. Seward wrote as follows : "I am
glad you are pleased with Mr. Hay. He is a noble as well as a
gifted young man, perfectly true and manly."
Mr. Hay's leisure hours in Paris were not wasted. Having
already set himself the rule of seizing every opportunity for per-
sonal betterment and growth, he applied himself diligently to a
study of the French language, which he mastered, of French
history, literature, institutions and customs. In this way he
laid the foundations for that splendid knowledge of European
thought and diplomacy which so distinguished him in later years.
So also, be it noticed, his first experience in diplomatic afi^airs
was in defence of the Monroe Doctrine, a doctrine which he was
to place upon a still firmer footing during his incumbency of the
294 ^^^ SHIELD
From the autumn of 1866 till February, 1867, the French
troops by degrees evacuated Mexico ; whereupon, the chief task
of the legation having been thus successfully accomplished, John
Hay on March 28th following resigned his position and returned
to the United States. Mr. Seward, nevertheless, was still anx-
ious to keep him in the diplomatic service, and, wishing to re-
ward him for his faithful labors at Paris, nominated him as min-
ister to Sweden. President Johnson, however, a traitor to his
party and a new ally of the Democrats, desired this important
post for party purposes and refused to endorse Hay's appoint-
ment. Thereupon Seward sent Hay to Vienna as Secretary ol
Legation. The latter returned forthwith to his new post of duty
and remained there two years, for a long time acting as Charge 'd
Affaires in the absence of Minister Motle5^
In June 1869 Hay was transferred to Madrid as Secretary of
Legation under Minister Sickles. He found peculiar delight in
this new field. Spain was an inspiration to him. Her past
glories appealed to his poetic temperament, and he lived in a
veritable fairyland of enchantment. He threw himself heart and
soul into the history, the romance, the poetry, the beauty of
Spain, and his spontaneous enthusiasm found utterance in those
charming pictures of Spanish life which he published first in the
"Atlantic Monthly" and later in book form under the name of
"Castilian Days". A few of the chapter heads will show the
character of the work. "Madrid al Fresco", "Spanish Living
and Dying" "Influence of Tradition in Spanish Life", "Red
Letter Days", "An Hour with the Painters", "A Castle in the
Air", "The City of the Visigoths" "A Miracle Play", "The
Cradle and the Grave of Cervantes".
Hay did not, however, devote himself exclusively to poetry
and romance. The practical side of his nature was always strongly
marked. He had already had experience of statecraft and gov-
ernment at home ; he had stood by the stout-hearted captain as
he directed the ship of state through the storms of civil war ;
and now he turned with intense interest to the study of the sys-
tems of government and the political problems presented in the
Old World. An ardent American and a sincere Republican al-
JOHN HA Y 295
ways, his foreign experiences and observations made him still
prouder of his native laud, and a firmer believer in her liberal
Among other public men whom Play met in Madrid was
Emilio Castelar, the great liberal leader, whom he much ad-
mired, and whose well known work, "The Republican movement
in Europe", Mr. Hay translated into English.
After two years' residence in Spain, John Hay began to
turn his thoughts towards home. He was in his thirty-second
year and he still had his life work to do. True, he might have
remained in the diplomatic service and have made diplomacy his
career, but it was an uncertain vocation at the best and a sudden
change of administration might throw him out altogether. He
had no means of his own and was dependant upon his salary for
support. He considered, therefore, that the wisest thing for him
to do was to leave the diplomatic service and seek his fortune in
the States. He accordingly resigned in 1871 and returned to
America, intending to practice law in Illinois. But fate had
other things in store for him. When he landed in New York he
was met at the pier by Mr. Whitelaw Reid, an old friend whom
he had known as a war correspondent in Washington. From the
boat they went to the Union League Club for dinner and after-
wards strolled down to the office of the New York Tribune.
Here Reid, who had lately become managing editor, found an
important dispatch lying on his desk. The foreign editor was
away, so, turning to Hay, Reid handed him the dispatch and
said, "Sit down and write a leader for tomorrow". Half in jest
Hay complied. The article proved good, and the writer was
asked to remain permanently as foreign editor. This was the
more remarkable as Mr. Hay had had no newspaper experience
whatever and the New York Tribune was at that time probably
the most influential newspaper in the United States. As luck
would have it, Hay was now thrown into close relations with his
fellow peace commissioner of former years, Horace Greeley, edi-
tor-in-chief of the Tribune, who, ever since the Niagara affair,
had entertained strong prejudices against him. However, Hay
went his own way, attended strictly to business, and let the quality
of his work speak for itself. Soon Greeley saw the injustice of
296 THE SHIELD
his prejudice and began to appreciate the solid character and
brilliant gifts of his new associate. Hay continued to gain in
favor until Greeley was finally outspoken in his admiration. One
day the latter, with an enthusiasm rare to him declared that
Hay's editorial that morning on "Photographs Plain and Col-
ored" was about the best that he had ever read.
To this period also (1871) belong Play's first collected pub-
lications, "Pike County Ballads" and "Castilian Days". In
the.se may be seen the great versatility of the man ; the first
"celebrating in Western dialect the heroism of drinking pilots,
swearing engineers, and godless settlers"; and the second paint-
ing in the purest, stateliest prose the romance of high-born
dames and courtly gentlemen, of castellated heights and Moorish
halls. Yet both were true to life.
On February 4th, 1874, Mr. Hay was married to Miss Clara
Louise Stone of Cleveland, Ohio. She was a daughter of Amasa
Stone to whom young Hay had been introduced by President
Lincoln during war times. This marriage made a great change
in Mr. Hay's material well being. Amasa Stone had built up a
large fortune in the West by railroad construction and other en-
terprises, and now showed his approval of the match by present-
ing the bride and groom with a handsome residence on Euclid
Avenue, Cleveland, and by settling upon them a sufficient
amount for maintaining the establishment in proper style.
This change of circumstances, however, made no change in
the man himself. Hay continued his sturdy, active life, im-
proving every opportunity, entirely untainted by any allurements
to an existence of indolent ease or luxurious self-complacency.
He remained on the Tribune for a while longer and then in 1875
removed to Cleveland and engaged in business, devoting much
of his spare time to literature. He also kept up an active inter-
est in politics and became associated in the party organization
with such national leaders as Hayes, Garfield, McKinley, Sher-
man, Hanna, and others.
During the exciting presidential campaign of 1876, John
Hay took part in behalf of Rutherford B. Hayes, the Republican
candidate. He made a number of addresses, some of which were
printed and distributed broadcast by the party managers. The
JOHN HA Y 297
result of the election was so close that both sides claimed the
victory ; and it was only after an electoral commission had been
appointed that Hayes was declared elected by a majority of one
electoral vote. Hayes was inaugurated on March 4th, 1877, and
in making up his Cabinet chose William M. Evarts for Secretary
of State, Evarts was not as great a statesman as he was a poli-
tician. Careless, easy-going, he at times seemed even disinclined
to take his duties at the State Department seriously. Once when
upbraided at a Cabinet meeting for not having any measures to
present, he replied, "In my experience I have found very few
matters which would not settle themselves if left alone long
enough y This doctrine of laissez faire might have dangerous
consequences when applied to diplomacy, and it became necessary
to secure for the Secretary assistants possessing those qualities
which he himself lacked. Frederick Seward served as First As-
sistant Secretary for two years and then resigned. Being con-
sulted by Evarts as to his successor, Seward suggested John
Hay ; but the latter, when offered the position, declined.
Evarts persevered and requested a private interview at
Reid's house. The meeting took place and Hay was finally
prevailed upon to accept. He began his duties in 1879 and
served throughout the remainder of Hayes' administration.
Among other things which came up for consideration by the
State Department during Hay's incumbency of the assistant sec-
retaryship were two treaties with China, one in relation to com-
merce and the other granting to the United States government
the regulation of Chinese immigration. This is an interesting
fact in view of John Hay's later negotiations and wonderful suc-
cesses in the same field.
James A. Garfield succeeded Hayes as President of the
United States, and he was earnestly desirous of retaining John
Hay in some capacity in his administration. He proposed to
Hay that he should serve him at the White House as confidential
adviser, taking the position of private secretary but leaving all
the clerical and routine business of the ofiice in charge of an as-
sistant. Hay saw the folly of the plan and refused. James G.
Blaine, the new Secretary of State, also invited Hay to remain as
First Assistant Secretary in his department but Hay once more
298 THE SHIELD
declined and expressed his firm determination to retire to private
life and devote himself to a labor which he had outlined for him-
self years before, the preparation of an authentic history of the
life and times of Abraham lyincoln. Before retiring altogether
from public office, however, he represented the United States at
the International Sanitary Congress which met in Washington in
May, 1 88 1, and was chosen President thereof. He then went
into a retirement which was to last for sixteen years and was not
to be terminated until he entered upon that splendid series of
diplomatic triumphs which began with his appointment as Am-
bassador to London and ended only with his death.
In the meantime Hay had made arrangements to take up his
permanent residence in Washington. He erected an imposing-
mansion on the fine site at the northwest corner of Sixteenth and
"H" streets, overlooking Lafayette Square and the White
House grounds bej^ond ; and this henceforth was "home" as long
as Colonel Hay lived. Before settling down in good earnest to
work on his life of Lincoln, Mr. Haj?- was asked by his friend,
Whitelaw Reid, to take charge of the New York Tribune during
the latter' s absence in Europe on his honeymoon. In the spring
of 1 88 1, therefore, Mr. Hay moved over to New York temporarily
and became Kditor-in- Chief of that paper. It was expected that
the summer months following the recent inauguration of a new
president would be a period of calm repose, but quite the contrary
proved to be the case. Mr. Hay had no sooner gotten installed
in his office than the country was disturbed by the resignations
of Senators Conkling and Piatt and by the fierce controversy
which at once broke out in the ranks of the Republican Party.
Following close upon this, came the startling intelligence that
President Garfield had been shot. Then ensued the long period
of suspense as the President lay hovering between life and death ;
and then came his final surrender to the dread reaper on Septem-
ber 19th, 1881, and the induction into office of Vice-President
During that trying time John Hay directed the policies of
the great New York daily, and did it with splendid judgment
and ability. It has been said that Hay's management of the
Tribune was an event in journalism. It was also an all-absorb-
BIRTHPLACE OF JOHN HAY, SALEM, INDIANA.
LATE RESIDENCE OF JOHN HAY, WASHINGTON, D. C.
JO FIN HAY 299
ing event to himself, as the following incident would indicate.
Two friends dropped in one day to see how the acting editor-in-
chief looked in the midst of it. They found him anythihg but
joyous. He took his duties very seriously. "He seemed as if
he had a ball and chain about his leg, or as though he were
looking through the bars and yearning for the jungle." The
same writer says (J. R. Young in Munsey 1898) ; "The Tribune
was never so fierce even in Greeley 's days. The rule of the paper
under Reid was that of whips, with Hay it was that of scorpions. ' '
After an absence of seven months Reid returned and unlocked
the cage. The emancipated editor laid down his pen and with a
sigh of relief returned once more to the freer air of Washington
to start again his oft-deferred labors on the life of lyincoln. In
this work he was joined by John G. Nicolay, his friend of those
early days at Springfield, and his associate as private secretary
to Lincoln. These two had formed their plan while yet in the
midst of their White House duties. They broached the subject
to Lincoln and it met with his entire approval. Thus they were
enabled at that early date to begin collecting data for the work,
and when the time came for putting their plan into execution
they were well equipped not only by reason of their personal ex-
perience and recollections but also by reason of the most accurate
and most complete documentary evidence which they possessed
bearing upon the subjects under discussion. Their work, there-
fore, could not but become the highest authority on the period
treated. So indeed it did become, and so it will probably always
remain. It is really a history of the United States from 1830 to
1865. Literary effect was not sought after, the main object of
the authors being to give a clear, concise, impartial view of men
and events during this crucial period, and especially of the great
leader him.self about whom all the rest revolved. Yet the work
is not without its touches of pathos and powerful inspiration.
Unconsciously the writer at times gives way to personal emotion,
and John Hay is credited with having drawn the truest and most
vivid pen picture of Lincoln ever produced.
For six years, from 1881 to 1887, Hay and Nicolay labored
together over their great work and in the latter year the history
was near enough completion to warrant them in placing it in the
300 THE SHIELD
hands of publishers. The Century Magazine secured it and ran
it as a serial for over two years, at the end of which time it was
brought out in book form and pubHshed in ten large volumes
(1890). After this, Hay and Nicolay collected the writings of
Abranam lyincoln and published them in two volumes (1894).
This was the last literary work of any magnitude undertaken by
Mr. Hay. Henceforth his activity in the field of letters was
confined to occasional verse and to public speeches and addresses
on various subjects. His whole life from now on was to be de-
voted to the service of his country.
During his retirement John Hay was 3'et a power in politics.
He was closely acquainted with all the great leaders of his party
and in its councils exerted great influence. He appeared on the
stump from time to time but was never conspicuous in conven-
tions, in hotel lobbies, in the corridors of the Capitol, or in the
ante-rooms of the departments. Always dignified and reserved,
such political wire-pulling was entirely foreign to his nature.
Above all, he never sought ofiice. It is singular that with his
great prominence in public affairs he never held an elective office
in his life. Such positions as he occupied were those to which
he had been appointed, and he entered them onlj' upon his own
Hay's friendship wnth McKinley was of long standing. In
Ohio politics and in national politics they had worked side by
side. Hay held McKinley in the highest admiration, and had, in
fact, marked him out long before as a future President of the
United States. Preceding the Republican convention of June,
1896, Hay exerted himself to the utmost in behalf of Mr. Mc-
Kinley's candidacy. When, therefore, the St. Louis delegates
by an overwhelming majority chose the Ohio Governor as the
standard bearer of the Republican Party, Hay prepared to give
him vigorous support. No need to recount here the events of
that aggressive campaign, nor William McKinley's sweeping
victory at the November elections ; but it is of deep import to
the student of Secretary Hay's life to reflect that had the Repub-
lican Party not then come into power, John Hay, consummate
statesman and renowned diplomat, would have lived and died,
known to fame onl}^ as a polished gentleman, an eminent scholar,
JOHN HAY 301
a pleasing poet, the biographer and friend of Lincoln. As the
corner-stone of his career was laid in those early days under the
benign influence of the great war-president, so now the keystone,
as well as the capstone, were raised in these latter years in the
service of that other war-president, that other martyr, William
After his election President McKinley had to pay his politi-
cal debts. Accordingly, in making up his Cabinet, he chose the
aged Senator John Sherman for Secretary of State. John Hay,
though said to be McKinley 's personal preference for head of the
State Department, was given the next highest diplomatic post, the
Ambassadorship to the Court of St. James. Much better, how-
ever, that it was so, for he was thus afforded that experience of
foreign affairs, that great, comprehensive world view, which
could not have been gained in any other way and which made
him all-powerful and all-conquering when he was finally called
to the Cabinet.
On the eve of John Hay's departure for England, which was
set for April 14th, 1897, his brothers of Theta Delia Chi from
New York and elsewhere arranged a farewell reception and ban-
quet in his honor. The reception was held in the rooms of the
Graduate Club of New York City on the afternoon of April 13th,
and was followed by the banquet at the Holland House the same
evening. Both functions were largely attended and were most
enjoyable. The banquet in particular will be long remembered.
Brother Hay's brief words of farewell on that occasion are worth
"I think that our presiding oflacer has clearly shirked his duties and
his respousibilities. I should have heen delio;hted to listen to a speech of
an hour or two in praise of my own loveliness, if he had only indulged us
that far, but as he has given me notice to be brief, and follow his example,
I shall have to do it.
"I came here from another imperative engagement, because I was
anxious to see you all, if only for a moment, and to reinvigorate my some-
what wasted energies by this bath of perpetual youth that one finds in
Theta Delta Chi. I am very sorry, indeed, that I cannot spend the remain-
der of the evening with you, as I should gladly do. I can only say
'Hail !' and 'Farewell !*
"It is always the greatest pleasure for me to be with the brethren
under any circumstances. I shall be glad to remember in the coming
302 THE SHIELD
years, perhaps, that some of the last few moments which I passed in my
own country were spent in the company of my brothers.
"I had a delightful hour with you this afternoon, and I am glad once
more to look into your faces, and to bid you farewell, health, happiness,
and prosperity from the bottom of my heart."
Some notable addresses were delivered that evening, but the
most unique feature of the occasion was an "Ode to John Hay,"
composed and read hy Brother Webster R. Walkley, Omicron,
'60. This was partly in the nature of a burlesque on John Hay's
poems. "Jim Bludso" is the best and the second verse has been
frequently quoted :
"Wall, no ! We can't tell whar he lives,
Because we don't know, you see —
Sometimes here and sometimes there ;
He never tells you or me.
Whar will yoti be for the next four year ?
We've been hearin' some folks tell
How Colonel Hay on the morrow day
Will sail on the 'Ocean Belle.'
They ain'r no saints — them 'Bassadors
Is all pretty much alike.
With eyes askance they watch their chance,
Then boldly out they strike.
A modost man in his ta k is Hay,
And a careful man with his pen.
But he never writes and he never speaks
Till he has thunk his thought again."
John Hay was warmly welcomed in L,ondon. His quiet, re-
ticent, dignified bearing, his polish of manner and unvarying
courtesy, impressed all with whom he came in contact. Also,
his speeches were of the right sort — firm, virile, free from all sen-
timental gush, 3'et graceful, pleasing, full of tact and common
sense, they breathed a spirit of broad sympathy without fulsome
flattery, and of fraternal good-will without sacrificing the Ameri-
can ideal. But, as an English statesman said at the time, "That
is not all. Hay knows exactly when to be silent, and his fine
silence tells." He not only spoke well, but he spoke "not too
ofteus ' ' Yet, he missed no fair opportunity for promoting friend-
ly Anglo-American relations; and there can be no doubt that
JOHN HA Y 303
these timely and tactful utterances were powerful factors in secur-
ing the good will of the English people when that good will was
of prime importance to the United States.
Thus Ambassador Hay was most emphatically persona grata
to the British government. He formed close friendships with
members of the Queen's Cabinet and through these confidential
relations was able to gain from the English foreign ofl&ce a sort
of "benevolent neutrality" towards the United States at the out-
break of the war with Spain. Continental Europe was pretty
generally against the United States and this hostility showed
itself in attempts to form a coalition for the purpose of interven-
ing in the struggle and bringing the war to a close. Serious
complications might have arisen had not the British government
interfered and warned the powers to keep hands off.
During Mr. Hay's seventeen months residence in London he
was busy taking observations of world politics. From his van-
tage ground at a foreign court, outside of the smoke of battle in
which his countrymen were enveloped, he saw clearly the trend
of events and the rearrangement of forces. He saw what all
Europe saw. but which few Americans at the time could see, that
the United States had at one stroke cast off the bonds which con-
fined her to the Western Hemisphere and to the old Jeffersonian
policy of western seclusion, and was thenceforth a power to be
reckoned within the councils of the nations.
Possessing, then, this great world-view and the true per-
spective which the United States must inevitably assume in it,
John Hay was called home to direct the foreign afiairs of his gov-
ernment. On September i6th, 1898, Secretary of State Day re-
signed to accept the presidency of the American peace commis-
sion, and on September 30 John Hay was sworn in as his suc-
cessor, entering the Cabinet at the same age (60) at which
Seward entered the Cabinet of Lincoln.
At the outset Hay made an agreement with the President by
which he was to have nothing whatever to do with the offices but
should devote himself entirely to diplomacy. He wished to keep
his hands free and to escape the annoyance of politicians and
wire-pullers seeking to land their friends and favorites in posi-
tions at the gift of the department. All this patronage was to
304 THE SHIELD
be dispensed by the President. A moment's thought will show
how well matched were these two men. McKinley was, above
all things, a skillful politician, a great party manager, with a
faculty for comprehending the drift of public opinion that
amounted almost to instinct. He was, however, not a great
reader, and his experience of foreign affairs was small. Hay,
on the other hand, read omnivorousl3^ was a deep thinker, and
had a larger acquaintance of foreign affairs than any other Ameri-
can of his time, or than any other Secretary of State before him,
except John Quincy Adams. He possessed, therefore, just those
qualities and that knowledge which the President lacked. The
latter, in consequence, allowed him great latitude in foreign
affairs and took upon himself the management of relations with
Congress and with the American people. The plan worked
Secretary Hay took office just as America was about to
assume her new role in the diplomacy of the world. It was upon
the eve of peace negotiations at Paris. Instructions had, of
course, already been given the American envoys, but, just fresh
from his observations at a foreign court, and possessing as he did
a clear understanding of world conditions, the new vSecretary was
able to give much valuable assistance to the commissioners during
the course of the negotiations. It was his first important ofificial
act to attach his signature to the treaty of peace. This established
a new republic at our southern gates, transferred to the Ameri-
can government the island of Porto Rico, and made the United
States an Asiatic power by extending her sovereignty over the
Philippine Archipelago six thousand miles distant in the China
Sea. The trend of future events was now becoming plainly
visible. Though the constitution might not follow the flag, yet
diplomacy must. For good or for ill the United States had over-
stepped her ancient natural boundaries and now found herself
with new interests and new responsibilities far away on the other
side of the world.
In his treatment of the questions arising out of the war with
Spain, and in his management of the international complications
incident to the proposed Nicaragua canal, and to the South Afri-
can war between Great Britain and the Boers, Secretary Hay
JOHN HA Y 305
"met each question as it arose, and while preserving the cher-
ished traditions of the Republic, he paved the way for a broader
comprehension of the duties of America, now first called upon to
deal with questions of a larger nationality. " At home he firmly
upheld the Monroe Doctrine. His earliest diplomatic experience,
it will be recalled, had been in connection with the only serious
breach of this doctrine in the history of our international rela-
tions. That experience has taught him to see the vital bearing
of this policy upon the peace and prosperity of the Western Hem-
isphere, and made him a staunch supporter of it as the founda-
tion of the American system of diplomacy. Abroad he observed
Washington's injunction against foreign entanglements, but
when foreign assistance might be of service in ameliorating the
condition of down-trodden peoples or in promoting the welfare of
humanity in general, he hesitated not to avail himself of it.
Space will not permit a detailed description of the work of
the State Department under the direction of Secretary Hay, but
a brief catalogue of the most important achievements will give
an idea of its scope and briUiancy.
During the Boer War in 1899 he persuaded England to ac-
cept a more liberal construction regarding foodstuffs as contra-
band of war.
Gained the "open door" in China ; that is, a ruling from
the Chinese government that their ports should be open on equal
terms to the commerce of all nations.
Preserved single-handed the integrity of China at the time
of the Boxer troubles in 1900.
Negotiated a series of extradition treaties.
Furthered the cause of international arbitration, first at The
Hague Congress and then before The Hague Tribunal. One of
the cases submitted for arbitration was the famous "Pious Fund"
dispute and resulted in a decision favorable to the United States.
Secured a satisfactory settlement of the Samoan question, so
long a bone of contention between England, Germany and the
United States. By this agreement we gained the island of
Tutuila and its fine harbor without sacrificing our commercial
rights in the other islands. Germany took the remainder of the
group. England withdrew altogether.
3o6 THE SHIELD
Arranged a modus vivendi with Great Britain in regard to
the disputed boundary line between Canada and Alaska ; and
later negotiated a treaty for settling this dispute by a joint
Negotiated reciprocity treaties with France, Cuba, Argen-
tina, Newfoundland and the British West Indies.
Sent a note to the powers concerning the persecutions of the
Jews in Roumania and obtained for the latter the rights guaran-
teed to them by the treaty of Berlin.
In 1 901 secured the settlement of long-standing claims against
Turkey for outrages committed upon American missionaries.
Induced the powers coercing Venezuela to submit their
claims to The Hague Court of Arbitration ; and secured from
Germany and other European powers a more emphatic recogni-
tion of the Monroe Doctrine than had theretofore been possible.
Secured the abrogation of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty and
negotiated the Hay-Pauncefote treaty which gave to the United
States a free hand in building and operating the isthmian canal.
Negotiated a canal treaty wMth Colombia which, however,
failed of ratification by the Colombian Congress.
Recognized the independence of the new Republic of Panama
and negotiated a canal treaty with that government \iy which
the entire control of the canal strip was secured to the United
Sent note to the Czar upon the condition of the Jews in
At the outbreak of war between Russia and Japan he re-
newed his efforts to maintain the integrity of China, and by his
note of February, 1904, secured from the belligerants a pledge to
confine their operations to Manchuria.
In December, 1904, he addressed a note to the powers calling
for another conference at The Hague looking to an extension of
Many of these questions were without precedent in our his-
tory. The ship of state was sailing upon unknown seas. The
old channels and the old landmarks had been forever left behind.
Only the stars above remained to guide— those bright stars of
justice, of humanity, of fair dealing and of good will, which
JOHN HAY 307
never change. And no matter what the magnitude or the nature
of the emergency, by these fixed stars the pilot ever firmly held
But the Secretary's greatest achievement, his master-stroke
of diplomacy, and his surest claim to fame, was his preservation
of the integrity of China at the time of the Boxer outbreak. No
study of the life of John Hay can be complete without an under-
standing of this great international crisis and John Hay's brilliant
solution of it.
The causes were both recondite and slow of growth. During
the commercial depression preceding the presidential election of
1896 the balance of trade had gone against the United States.
Gold shipments were being made to Europe, and President
Cleveland was compelled to issue bonds to maintain the treasury
gold reserve required by law. But in March, 1897, during the
first month of McKinley's administration, a remarkable reaction
set in. Before the end of the month America was underselling
Europe in steel, the current of exchanges was reversed, and al-
most in a night the commercial center of the world had shifted
from Loudon to New York and the latter had become the inter-
national clearing house. Europe was alarmed at the impending
industrial revolution and sought in every w^ay to protect herself.
Industrial power depends primarily upon the country's deposits
of coal and iron. In this respect America is almost without a
rival ; England also is strong ; but Continental Europe is weak.
France, Germany and Russia were, therefore, the most concerned
over this threatening condition of affairs. The one remedy lay
in territorial expansion wherever possible. The richest deposits
of coal and iron now available are to be found in Manchuria and
the northern provinces of China, particularlj' Shan-si, Ho-uan,
and Chi-li. These lie near the coast and are easy of exploitation.
Continental Europe turned her eyes longingly in this direction
and only awaiLed a favorable opportunity for interfering in the
affairs of China, with a view to effecting a partition, if possible,
and securing these provinces for development. Were this once
accomplished, nothing could hinder her from perfecting a plant
which would undersell all rivals.
With this object in view the leading European nations had
3o8 THE SHIELD
for some years been gradually establishing "zones of influence"
through China in which each nation was becoming practically
supreme. When Secretary Hay assumed control of the State
Department he began an attack upon this system and finally got
the powers to give their reluctant recognition to our treaty rights
and to accede to the policy of the "open door" by which China
was to grant equal commercial privileges to all nations alike. In
this matter the United States, England and Japan stood pretty
much together as opposed to Rus.sia, Germany and France. The
powers offered their verbal consent but Secretary Hay wanted
written assurances, and, after considerable difficulty, got them.
However, the situation was only partly relieved. The
powers remained as steadfast in their schemes of partition as ever
before. Russia and Germany were particularly aggressive and
by a long series of encroachments had placed themselves in a
position from which it was but a step to complete sovereignty.
These aggressions were bitterly resented by the Chinese people
and filled them with the deepest hatred and distrust not only of
the Germans and Russians but of all foreigners no matter of what
nationality. This anti-foreign sentiment was fomented by local
agitators and at last broke out into armed resistance. Crowds of
infuriated fanatics paraded the streets. On June 20th, 1900,
Baron Von Ketteler, the German Minister, was murdered in
Pekin, and all the foreign legations were attacked. War seemed
inevitable and in that event dismemberment of China was only a
question of time. Then would come industrial development and
the conflict with American industries. The only minister in the
whole world who grasped the situation was John Hay. His con-
ception and execution of an entirely new policy under untried
conditions amounted to positive genius. An immediate decision
must be made, and, once made, it would be final and irrevocable.
"In the crisis of his life Mr. Hay was ready, and on his prompti-
tude and efficiency at that moment must rest his highest claim to
statesmanship, just as Sheridan's most famous exploit will always
remain his ride from Winchester." Hay saw clearly that it
Europe declared war against China the United States would lose
control of the situation. Therefore, peace, or at least nominal
peace, must be maintained at any price. Hay made up his mind
JOHN HA Y 309
at once, presented his plans to McKinley, and the latter promptly
approved them. On July 3d, 1900, the Secretary issued his
famous note to the powers in which he laid down the principle
that the disorders in China had produced a condition of ' 'virtual
anarchy, whereby power and responsibility were practically de-
volved upon the local provincial authorities." These local vice-
roys should be assisted in restoring order and so long as they
themseves did not rebel, the United States, and indeed all the
world, must remain at peace with China. This declaration came
like a thunderclap to bewildered Europe but its logic was too
forceful to be denied.
The policy of our government, thus outlined, was at once
put into effect. While Europe faltered, irresolute, the United
States went straight ahead. A compact, well trained fighting
force was landed on the coast and, under command of the in-
trepid General Adna R. Chaffee, was ordered to move at once
against Pekin. The object of our government was threefold :
fiirst and foremost, we must at all hazards rescue our imperiled
legation with its little garrison of American citizens ; second, we
must get control of the situation before the European powers had
time to intervene and before the German army under Waldersee
could arrive ; and third, we could in this way best lend our sup-
port and encouragement to the loyal viceroys who were now tha
only barriers against complete disruption and anarchy. The
move was a bold one and required not only the coolest judgment
but the most consummate courage and daring. This, too, in the
face of the fact that an English Admiral had already been repulsed
and that the foreign ofScers on tbe spot, except the Japanese,
thought that a large force would be necessary for a successful in-
vasion. However, Secretary Hay never flinched. He was
determined to advance even if we had to go alone. His instruc-
tions were followed out to the letter and after a brisk campaign
General Chaffee entered Pekin amid the acclamations and bene-
dictions of the world. The struggling legations were rescued,
the interrupted communications were once more restored, and the
whole force of public opinion at home and abroad rallied to the
support of the triumphant American Secretary in his spirited yet
humane measures for the pacification and preservation of China.
3IO THE SHIELD
Thus fortified, Secretary Hay was able to devote all his energies
to breaking up the concert of the powers. First one nation and
then another was detached from the coalition until only England
and Germany remained. England was practically helpless and
was without a head. Germany soon saw that there was slim
prospect of collecting a heavy indemnity and none whatever of
permanent occupation. She therefore succumbed to the inevita-
ble and reluctantly withdrew. The dream of European indus-
trial expansion had vanished. American diplomacy reigned
Mr. Hay's foreign policy is well exemplified by the foregoing
incident. Forceful, direct, fearless and aggressive, it was at the
same time inspired by lofty ideals and imbued with a broad hu-
manity, a deep sympathy, a candid fairness and a remarkable
forbearance. Secretary Hay himself has jestingly described his
diplomacy as a combination of the Monroe Doctrine and the
Golden Rule. The illustration is apt. It gives in a nutshell his
intense Americanism and his practical Christianity ; the first a
heritage from his patron saint, Abraham Lincoln, and the second
an outgrowth of a soul as pure, as trustful, as sincere as a childs'.
Eike his great prototype Gladstone in England, he ever strove,
so far as practicable, to apply ethical principles to questions of
state. Yet he was no visionary optimist, no poetic dreamer.
Eminently practical in his mind and methods, he sought not the
ideal best but the best attainable. He appreciated the limitations
of a question and wasted no time nor energy in vain attempts to
go beyond. He was as ready to recognize the rights of another
nation as he was to insist upon the rights of our own. This
spirit of frankness and fairness caused him to be trusted and re-
spected in Europe and Asia as well as in America. Without
guile and without deceit, it was absolutely impossible for him to
father a policy that was anything else but true, straightforward,
frank and open. His diplomacy has been called the "diplomacy
of truth". That is true as far as it goes, but it must not be sup-
posed that John Hay was distinguished above all his predecessors
in this respect. A mere reference to the names of John Quincy
Adams, Daniel Webster, and William H. Seward will show that
the "diplomacy of truth" must have existed long before. But
JOHN HAY 311
what did characterize John Hay to a most extraordinary degree
was his constructive genius and sagacious foresight. He was
able to take in the present and the future in his unerring glance.
He had the coup d'oeil which made Napoleon the lord of battles,
Nelson the conqueror of the sea, Newton the master of science,
Luther the invincible reformer, Goethe the dean of letters, and
Cervantes the soul of wit. Coming to the Department of State
when America was first called upon to take her stand in the
world-councils of the nations, he was given full play for these re-
markable talents ; and his own success, added to that of a victo-
rious republic, gave him a preeminence of position and renown
which has never before been equaled in the diplomatic history of
our own country, and rarely in the history of the world. Such
is the acclaim which greets him today. Whether posterity, with
its truer view of the perspective, will grant him the same high
place, time alone and the remorseless leveling of the years can
tell ; but, like Lincoln, taken in the plentitude of his powers and
fame, it is not too much to hope that the spontaneous and uni-
versal judgment of the present will settle into the calm, fixed
judgment of the future.
On September 6th, 1901, for the third time in our history, a
President of the United States was cut down by the hand of an
assassin. While holding a public reception at the Pan-American
Exposition at Buffalo, William McKinley was shot by an infa-
mous wretch who pretended to be in the act of grasping his hand.
For a week the President hovered between life and death, but on
September 14th, at two o'clock in the morning, that pure, noble
life went out. This sad event was a great blow to Johh Hay.
Thirty-five years before, the friend of his youth had been assas-
sinated. Twenty years before, the friend of his middle age, Gar-
field, fell. And now the intimate friend of his later years suf-
fered the same fate.
Congress ordered that state services in memory of McKinley
should be held at the Capitol and invited Mr. Hay to deliver the
eulogy. February 27th, 1902, was the day appointed, and in
the presence of President Roosevelt, Prince Henry of Prussia,
who was visiting this country at the time, the Supreme Court,
the Cabinet, the Senate and House of Representatives, the Diplo-
312 THE SHIELD
matic Corps, high officers of the army and navy, and other
officials, Secretary Hay delivered a notable address upon the life
and character of the lamented President. It was an address par-
ticularly suited to the occasion — it was sane, it was just, it
showed the man in his broadest proportions, in his noblest aspira-
tions, it praised his high achievements without offence to politi-
cal opponents, it extolled his virtues without undue laudation,
and through it all there breathed a fine patriotism and a deep
religious sentiment that was at once chastening and inspiring. In
it Mr. Hay has pictured some events with which he himself was
closely connected. Speaking of foreign relations, for instance,
"In dealing with foreign powers he (McKinley) will take rank with
the greatest of our diplomatists. It was a world of which he had little
special knowledge before coming to the Presidency. But his marvellous
adaptability was in nothing more remarkable than in the firm grasp he im-
mediately displayed in international relations When a sudden
emergency declared itself, as in China, in a state of things of which our
history furnished no precedent, and international law no safe and certain
precept, he hesitated not a moment to take the course marked out for him
by considerations of humanity and the national interests. Even while the
legations were fighting for their lives against bands of infuriated fanatics,
he decided that we were at peace with China ; and while that conclusion
did not hinder him from taking the most energetic measures to rescue our
imperilled citizens, it enabled him to maintain close and friendly relations
with the wise and heroic viceroys of the south, whose resolute stand saved
that ancient Empire from anarchy and spoliation. He disposed of every
question as it arose with a promptness and clarity of vision that astonished
his advisers, and he never had occasion to review a judgment or reverse a
"By patience, by firmness, by sheer reasonableness, he improved our
understanding with all the great powers of the world and rightly gained
the blessing which belongs to the peacemakers."
Speaking of the new responsibilities which confronted
America at the close of the Spanish war, he says :
"Every young and growing people has to meet, at moments, the pro-
blems of its destiny. Whether the question comes, as in Thebes, from a
sphinx, symbol of the hostile forces of omnipotent nature, who punishes
with instant death our failure to understand her meaning ; or whether it
comes, as in Jerusalem, from the Lord of Hosts, who commands the build-
ing of His temple, it comes always with the warning that the past is past,
JOHN HAY 313
and experience vain. "Your fathers, where are they ? and the prophets,
do they live forever?" The fathers are dead ; the jjrophets are silent ; the
questions are new, and have no answer but in time.
"When the horny outside case which protects the infancy of a chrysalis
nation suddenly bursts, and, in a single abrupt shock, it finds itself floating
on wings which have not existed before, whose strength it has never tested,
among dangers it cannot foresee and is without experience to measure,
every motion is a problem, and every hesitation may be an error. The
past gives no clue to the future. The fathers, where are they ? and the
prophets, do they live forever ? We are ourselves the fathers ! We are
ourselves the prophets ! The questions that are put to us we must answer
without delay, without help — for the sphinx allows no one to pass."
The address reaches its climax in a glow of purest patriotism,
presenting in transfiguration the forms of our national trinity,
the Father, the Savior, and the Augmenter of the Republic:
"The moral value to a nation of a renown such as Washington's and
Lincoln's and McKinley's is beyond all computation. No loftier ideal can
be held up to the emulation of ingenuous youth. With such examples we
cannot be wholly ignoble. Grateful as we may be for what they did, let
us be still more grateful for what they were. While our daily being, our
public policies, still feel the influence of their work, let us pray that in our
spirits their lives may be voluble, calling us upward and onward.
"There is not one of us but feels prouder of his native land because
the august figure of Washington presided over its beginnings ; no one but
vows it a tenderer love because Lincoln poi;red out his blood for it ; no
one but must feel his devotion for his country renewed and kindled when
he remembers how McKinley loved, revered, and served it, showed in his
life how a citizen should live, and in his last hour taught us how a gentle-
man could die."
Thus ended what was, perhaps, Hay's greatest speech ; and
in reading it one cannot resist the thought that, no less than Lin-
coln, no less than McKinley, here also was one whose life was
offered up as a sacrifice upon the altar of patriotic service and un-
flinching devotion to duty. Feeling that his country had need
of him, he banished all considerations of personal ease or com-
for ; though far from well, he resisted all entreaties of his friends
to leave his post ; though in failing strength, he dedicated him-
self none the less to his task, and might have spoken with the
words which the London "Spectator" puts into his mouth, ''Ave,
Columbia imperatrix ! Moriturus te saluto I'' "Hail, imperial
Columbia ! Dying I salute thee !" And then overtaxed nature
314 THE SHIELD
could bear no more ; her energies had been stretched to the limit
of endurance ; there came a snap, and suddenlj'- the gravity of his
condition flashed upon him. Mr. Hay sought relief in foreign
travel. But it came too late ; a momentary gleam of hope, and
then the dread summons ; before his family could say good bye
his soul passed on to its Maker.
John Hay was a Theta Delt. That is said with honest pride,
but it is said with no spirit of boasting. Yet if there be honor in
the life-long devotion of such a man as this, surely Theta Delta
Chi can claim such honor. During his college days no one of
that notably active and enthusiastic Zeta Charge was more active
or more enthusiastic than he ; and the significance of this state-
ment will be the more appreciated when we remember that the
old Zeta of John Hay's time numbered such princely Theta
Delts as Burdge, Stone, Bate, Simons, Noj-es, L^edwith, Carman
and Pond. Hay found in the fraternity something worth serv-
ing, something worth cherishing, something worth perpetuating.
He gave to it his full devotion, the best offerings of his mind and
and heart, and it is a source of no little satisfaction to know that
the pen which became famous in "Castilian Da5's," in Abraham
lyincoln, A History," and in its delineations of "Jim Bludso"
and "Little Breeches," first courted the poetic muse in praise
of Theta Delta Chi. His two songs, "The Hand's Warm
Grasp," and " 'Tis Theta Delta Chi," are still sung with old
time fervor about the fraternal hearth-fires.
He himself has acknowledged the debt of gratitude he owed
to Theta Delta Chi. In an address delivered at the installation
banquet of the old Chi Deuteron Charge at the Shoreham Hotel,
Washington, March 26th, 1896, he gave the heartiest expression
to the value and reality of the fraternity in college and in after
life, spoke of meeting with worthy brothers in all parts of the
world and always finding them fine fellows, upright, earnest,
sincere ; and then went on with a sort of biographical sketch of
the various epochs of his own life, and after each one proclaimed
thas he owed it all to Theta Delta Chi.
His later devotion is shown by the lively interest which he
always took in fraternal affairs. Though unable, in most cases,
to attend the gatherings in person, there were yet few conven-
JOHN HAY 315
tions or banquets of importance to which he did not send some
word of greeting. What will, however, stand out as one of the
brightest and most memorable pages in our fraternity history
was the Fifty-second Annual Convention held in Washington in
February, igoo. At that time William McKinley was President
of the United States and in his Cabinet were two Theta Belts.
John Hay, Secretary of State, and John W. Griggs, Attorney
General. This fact led the President to give a private reception
to the members of the fraternity. The reception was held at the
White House on the morning of February 23d and no brother
who was fortunate enough to be present will ever forget it. A
long line was formed, and one by one the brothers were intro-
duced to the President, receiving from him a warm grasp of the
hand and perhaps a word of greeting, and then passed on for a
hearty grip from the Secretary of State and the Attorney General
who stood at the President's left. It was a particularly pleasant
affair and the President himself seemed to derive much satisfaction
from it. During the banquet in the evening Mr. Griggs told the
brothers that after the reception was over, President McKinley
turned to him with the remark, "Griggs, there's material
enough in that body of men to make a dozen cabinets like mine."
The remark aroused great enthusiasm at the banquet, but it had
a better effect than that, for deep down in his heart every brother
felt enobled by it ; and through the years of our fraternity it
should be handed on from class to class and from charge to charge
as the tribute of the martyred President to Theta Delta Chi.
Times change, leaders change. "Your fathers, where are
they? and the prophets, do they Hve forever?" McKinley is
gone, Hay is gone ; new prophets have come, and new issues.
But there is one thing which lasts on and on, one thing which
never changes, and that is the old-time manhood. The manhood
of Washington was the manhood of Lincoln, and the manhood
of Lincoln was the manhood of McKinley, the manhood of Mc-
Kinley was the manhood of Hay, and to the farthest generations
it will be the same manhood which shall rule our Republic, the
same manhood which shall inspire and shape our policies, the
same manhood which shall carry us through the crises of our
3i6 THE SHIELD
history and lead us on to fulfillment of the divine destiny which
Almighty Providence has allotted us.
Blessed are we to have had one of these prophets in our own
brotherhood, heart of our hearts, flesh of our flesh. He has
now passed on to the great Omega Charge, "but being dead
he yet speaketh." He has left a memory which shall ever in-
spire us, and an example which shall ever encourage us, if not,
perhaps, to emulate what he did, yat to emulate what he 7vas.
Our fraternity, too, should be dearer to us because he loved it,
because he believed in it, and through the coming years we
should the more earnestly strive to keep our bonds of friendship
ever firm, to keep our ideals high and pure, and to realize the
lines which John Hay, true friend, loyal brother, left us in bene-
diction and farewell : —
"Holy link that binds together, friends from every distant land,
May we to keep thee pure, unsevered, ever lend a helping hand.
And tho' the storm of life may rage, and present friends may die,
Oh ! ever cherish with fond love our Theta Delta Chi.
JOHN HAY IN COLLEGE.
Taken while a student at Brown University
JOHN HAY 317
BY WILLIAM L. STONE.
" When time with moss
Shall overgrow his monumental stone,
And crumble the pale marble into dust,
His memory shall live ; his name shall shine
On history's page."
About the middle of the last century, John Hay, the son of
a Scottish soldier who had taken service in the army of the
Elector Palatine, emigrated with his four sons from the Rhenish
Palatinate to America. Adam, one of these sons, had received
a military training in Europe, and served with distinction in the
War of Independence. He was a friend and associate of Wash-
ington ; and one of the earliest recollections of his son, the late
John Hay, of Springfield, 111., was of meeting the Commander-
in-Chief on a country road ; of hearing him greet Adam Hay as
an old comrade, and of receiving from the Father of his Country
a friendly pat on the head. This John Hay was a man of large
build ; and although of a quiet and peaceable disposition, mani-
fested, on occasions, great strength of will and force of character.
In illustration, becoming convinced, at the age of fifty-five, that
a slave state was no place in which to establish a large family,
he moved from Kentucky to Sangamon county, 111., all of his
sons and daughters accompanying him except his eldest son,
Charles. The latter studied medicine, and on receiving his
degree removed to Salem, Ind. In 1831 he married a daughter
of Rev. David A. Leonard, of Rhode Island, a man well known
among his contemporaries for learning and eloquence, a graduate
of Brown University in 1793, and the poet of his class. Ten
years after his marriage. Dr. Hay removed to Warsaw, 111., and
here he passed the rest of his long, useful and honored life.
John Hay, the fourth son of Dr. Charles Hay, and the
late Secretary of State, was born in Salem, Ind., Oct. 8th, 1838.
His boyhood, as related on an earlier page, was passed in the
West during that inchoate period "when the thin picket-line
3i8 THE SHIELD
of pioneer villages was followed by the organization of great
towns, and when all the initial steps of local self-government
were of foremost interest." When the time came for the
selection of a college, it is not strange that Hay — influenced,
undoubtedly, by the fact that Providence, R. I., had been the
early home of his mother and Brown University the Alma
Mater of his maternal grandfather — made choice of that col-
lege. He, therefore, entered "Brown," and at once took
high rank as a writer. This was evident, not only from his
essays in the departments of rhetoric and the various sciences
— in short, in all those studies in which good writing subjoined
to a thorough knowledge of the subject is required — but from
the fact that whenever an}' thing above the ordinary was needed
in the way of composition, his services were at once drawn upon.
This, too, was the more noticeable when it is recalled that the
class of which he was a member was made up of an unusual
number of brilliant men, excelling especially in composition, and
many of whom have since become eminent in different walks of
life, particularly that of journalism. His class poem delivered
in 1858, before an audience composed chiefly of highly cultivated
and beautiful women — Hay was always a great favorite with the
ladies — is a model of its kind. The closing lines of this poem (to
my mind the quintessence of health}' sentiment), is such an ex-
quisite gem that the readers of the Shield will thank me for re-
producing them in this connection :
"Our words may uot float down the surging ages,
As Hindoo lamps adown the sacred stream ;
We may not stand sublime on history's pages,
The bright ideals of the future's dream ;
Yet we may all strive for the goal assigned us,
Glad if we win, and happy if we fail ;
Work calmly on, nor care to leave behind us,
The lurid glaring of the meteor's trail.
As we go forth, the smiling world before us
Shouts to our youth the old inspiring tune ;
The same blue sky is bending o'er us.
The green earth sparkles in the joy of June,
Where'er afar the beck of fate shall call us,
'Mid winter's boreal chill or summer's blaze,
JOHN HAY 319
Fond memory's chain of flowers shall still enthrall us,
Wreathed by the spirits of these vanished days.
Our hearts shall bear them safe through life's commotion,
Their fading gleam shall light us to our graves;
As in the shell the memories of ocean
Murmur forever of the sounding waves."*
Brother Hay, during his college career, was, like his favorite
poet. Shelly, of a singularly modest and retiring disposition ; but
withal, of so winning a manner that no one could be in his pres-
ence, even for a few moments, without falling under the spell
which his conversation and companionship invariably cast upon
all who came within its influence. He was, indeed, to his little
circle of intimates, a young Dr. Johnson without his boorishness,
or a Dr. Goldsmith without his frivolity.
Upon his first entering the University, the intellectual
bullies of his class, mistaking these traits for weakness, were
disposed to look down upon the newly entered collegian from
Illinois. It was but a little while, however, when his sterling
worth gave them pause ; nor had he been long matriculated
before Brothers Burdge and Simons, looking deeper into char-
acter, saw in him the future development of a strong nature.
Accordingly, they made it their study to place before Hay the
great advantages over all other societies which were to be found
under the protecting segis of the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity !
Their arguments proved so convincing that, Hay having given
his consent, an evening was set for his initiation. Nor was it
a slight compliment, on Hay's part, to throw in his lot with us ;
for by this time the other Greek-letter societies had seen their
mistake and had made most extraordinary efforts to capture
him. But it was of no avail. Hay had pledged himself to us !
A victory, however, so glorious, must, forsooth, be celebrated
with more than usual ceremony. Accordingly, Tufts, being the
nearest college — Harvard had just broken up all secret societies —
was written to for a delegation to aid in this august initiation.
Our appeal was immediately and most enthusiastically responded
to ; and Brothers Winsor B. French and Vernon O. Taylor came
*When it is remembered that the writer of these lines was at this time
scarcely twenty years of age, the maturity of thought, as well as the
felicity of expression — illustrated especially in the exquisite and original
imagery of the last two lines — is simply remarkable !
320 THE SHIELD
over, as did also Alexander Iv. Holley (who had already become
famous), from New York, to grace the occasion by his presence.
Burdge was the Grand Inquisitor ; and Pond, Bate, Ledwith —
since Governor of Florida — Carman, the late McWalter B. Noyes
and Reading Wood, Carr, Merriam, Lyman, Spooner, Manches-
ter and myself were among the Fa7)iiliars. The Initiation went
off well, and was supplemented by a right royal Theta Delt
supper at the "What-Cheer"; in the course of which Pond and
French made their happiest after-dinner speeches ("Our own
Chauncey" never equalled them !); and Hay, now "Brother
Hay," responded in such a manner as to make the temperature
regarding our neophyte — already high — rise many degrees
higher ! The next morning imagine the horror (yes, that word
exactly expresses it), of the members of the rival fraternities
when they saw Hay come into chapel, escorted by Burdge and
myself, wearing the Shield with the emblematical letters (9 zJ X
emblazoned upon its sable field ! Notwithstanding the awful
presence of President Wayland and the august Professors, an
universal and audible howl went up from the opposition, which
evoked a corresponding cheer from our side. The triumph was
complete ; and Dr. Wayland, pushing his spectacles up from his
nose onto his brow, was constrained to stand some moments
until the commotion had subsided, before offering up his inter-
rupted orisons. Whether he afterward enquired of the Faculty
who that youngster was who had raised such a remarkable
"row," I know not. The probability, however, is that his ques-
tion was answered to his fullest satisfaction ! Unfortunately,
Dr. Wayland soon after resigning, Brother Hay was deprived of
his masterly teachings; but had he been under him, the in-
structor would have found that the pupil was none the less faith-
ful in the performance of his scholastic duties for his initiation
into a college secret society !
The result fully justified the judgment of Brothers Burdge
and Simons. During his entire college life the stand in scholar-
ship taken by Brother Hay among his classmates was. as before
hinted, of a high order. Nor did his industry (although his
ability rendered that habit of less value to him than to others),
prevent his giving friendly aid to members of his class not so
JOHN HAY 321
gifted. Brother Hay was for some ten months my chum and
bed-fellow ; and often, after returning from a party late at night,
when it was "odds with morning which was which," I have
found him sitting up writing out a Latin or a French exercise
for some class-mate whose intellectual furnishment was not ot
the highest order.
While in college, Brother Hay was an enthusiastic Theta
Delt. He soon became universally beloved by the members of
his chapter, who elected him presiding officer in the beginning
of his Senior Year. He also composed several songs for the
Fraternity, one of which closes with those lines sung with so
much effect at every Reunion, but especially at the memorable
one of 1870 :
"And if, perchance, one sadder line
May mingle with the strain,
For those, the lost, whose loving voice
We ne'er shall hear again ;
Let this rejoice the heavy heart.
And light the dimming eye ;
The Gates of Eden are not closed
To Theta Delta Chi!"
Neither was this enthusiasm laid aside with the Commence-
ment gown. Although college halls have long ceased to echo
his foot-steps, his memories of Theta Delta Chi are still green.
Thus, on two occasions, while private secretary to the President,
he was the means of rescuing members of the Fraternity from
ignominous deaths. The first of these instances was told by
Brother Gilbert in his admirable "Reminiscences" in the Shield
for September, 1889. The second was his well known agency
in the case of another Confederate brother, who, by a misunder-
standing, was supposed to have broken his parole. He was
taken, among others of Morgan's guerillas, and would have
been executed, had not the findings of the court-martial, for-
warded to President lyincoln for his approval, passed through
Hay's hands. Seeing who it was that was in such a predica-
ment, he at once went to the President and obtained the brother's
pardon. Hay's attachment to the Fraternity is further illustrated
by the fact of his securing, while Assistant Secretary of State, the
appointment of Rev. McWalter B. Noyes to a consulship at
Venice. Moreover, in Hay's case, coelum no7i animum, mutant,
qzii trans mare currunt. While he was Secretary of Legation at
Madrid, amid the cares of ofl&ce and beset by the many divertise-
ments incident to the gaieties of that brilliant capital, he found
time to write me the following cordial letter in response to my
invitation to send over a poem to be read at the great Convention
Dinner of 1870, at the Astor House. New York City :
"Legation of the United States of America, \
Madrid, Jan. 31, 1870. i
My Dear Old Boy :
* * * I am sorry about the poem. I am sure you would laugh if
yon knew how often I have tried, without making a rime. I have
treated the Muse so shabbily that she stopped visiting me years ago, and
I never expect to meet her again. f
I wish your reunion abundant and merited success. Tell the boys I
shall be with them in spirit.
Yours fraternally and affectionately,
Brother Hay has, likewise, shown his loyalty to Theta
Delta Chi on other occasions. While editor-in-chief of the New
York Tribune, Theta Delts, rudely jostled in life's struggle,
found in him a steadfast friend. He not only, when it was pos-
sible, gave them employment, but if this were not practicable on
account of unfitness, he by his purse, aided them until they
found some situation better suited to their abilities.
Brother Hay, though generally reticent to the outside
world, was always glad to receive a call from a Theta Delt. An
instance in point came under my observation some time ago. A
gentleman called upon him and sent up his card. He has very
little spare time ; and he had accordingly said to the servant,
"I cannot see him," when chancing to glance at the card and
observing the mystical letters appended to the end of the visitor's
name, he recalled the servant and said, "Show the gentleman
in." The visitor afterward told me that in all his life he had
never had such a delightful call. I am aware that it has been
said that Hay was not easy of access to the members of the
Fraternity ; but, believe me, when they say this, they either tell
tHay, however, afterward woed the Spirit of Poesy with more success, as witness
his "Pike County Ballads," published in 1871 !
JOHN HAY 323
an untruth or have rudely presumed upon his privacy. Brother
Hay was, for manj' years before his death, not a well man ; and
often he was forced to deny himself to his most intimate friends ;
but I reiterate, that any Theta Delt, who called under proper
circumstances, was, if Hay was well, always cordially received.
It remains only to speak of Colonel Hay's literary labors.
Addison and Irving are justly considered the sweetest and best
writers of English prose. But, speaking for myself, I should
add to those two the name of Hay. In his writings he is not
only the equal of the former for purity of style (and even that
fastidious critic, Bishop Hurd, Addison's commentator, were he
living, would fain admit this), but in Doric simplicity, and
beauty and felicity of expression, I consider him the superior of
the latter. Take, for instance, his "Castilian Days," devoted to
studies of Spanish life and character. Nowhere shall one find
this work excelled in all that goes to the making of English
"pure and undefiled." His papers in that volume, especially
those entitled, "An Hour with the Painters," "Proverbial
Philosophy," "The Cradle and Grave of Cervantes," "Spanish
Living and Dying," "An Evening with Ghosts," and "A Field
Night in the Cortes," are models ; and might with advantage be
introduced, as a text-book, in our colleges, as an example of
perspicuous, nervous and manly English. In the chapters,
"Spanish Eiving and Dying" and "An Hour with the Painters,"
his trenchant criticism, like a keen Toledo blade, taken, per-
chance, from one of those old Moorish castles that he visited,
cuts, "clean through," even as Saladin's Damascus scimitar
divided the silk handkerchief thrown into the air by Richard of
England ; and all the follies and licentiousness of the nobility
and the clerg}^, as well as the simplicity and charming character-
istics of the peasantry and the middle classes, stand out clearly
under the focussed light of his mental camera. The truth of the
above remarks will, however, be better appreciated by one or
two extracts from the work itself.
When, for example, the author would show the systematic
moral poisoning of the minds of the Spanish women by the
priests, in the essay on "Spanish Living and Dying," he says :
324 THE SHIELD
"The piety of the Spanish women does not prevent them from seeing-
some things clearly enough with their bright eyes. One of the most
bigoted women in Spain recently said : 'I hesitate to let my child go to
confession. The priests ask young girls such infamous questions, that
my cheeks burn when I think of them after all these years.' I stood one
Christmas eve in the cold midnight wind, waiting for the church doors to
open for the night mass, the famous niisa del ^allo. On the steps beside
me sat a decent old woman with her two daughters. At last, she rose and
said : 'Girls, it is no use waiting any longer. The priests won't leave their
housekeepers this cold night to save anybody's soul.' In these two cases,
taken from the two extremes of the Catholic society, there was no disre-
spect for the church or for religion. Both these women believed with a
blind faith. But they could not help seeing how unclean were the hands
that dispensed the bread of life. ' '
Again, in "The Cradle and Grave of Cervantes," what a
clear glimpse is given of Spanish politics, when, after a chance
encounter with a Spanish Republican in the streets of Alcala,
he soliloquizes as follovvS :
"Go your ways, radical brother. You are not so courteous nor so
learned as the rector. But this peninsula has need of men like you.
The ages of belief have done their work for good and ill. Let us have
some years of the spirit that denies, and asks for proofs. The power of
the monk is broken, but the work is not yet done. The convents have
been turned into barracks, which is no improvement. The ringing of
spurs in the streets of Alcala is no better than the rustling of the sandalled
friars. If this Republican party of yours cannot do something to save
Spain from the triple curse of crown, crozier and sabre, then Spain is in
doleful case. They are at least divided, and the first two have been sorely
weakened in detail. The last should be the easiest work."
And once more: In "An Evening with Ghosts," by a
few masterl}' strokes, he lays bare the grossness of Spanish
superstition at the Court of Madrid at the present day. Here is
the passage :
"Never, in all the darkest periods of Spanish history, was the reign
of superstition so absolute and tyrannical as in the Alcazar of Madrid
during the later years of Isabel of Bourbon. Her most trusted spiritual
guides and counsellors were the Padre Claret and Sor Patrocinio de las
lylagas— the 'Bleeding Nun.' This worthy lady used to bring the most
astonishing stories of her nights' adventures to the breakfast table. It
was a common occurrence for his Satanic Highness to come swooping
down to her cell and to give her an airing, on his bat-like wings, above
the house-tops of the capital. She had miraculous fountains continually
JOHN HA Y 325
open in her legs (if the word be lawful),* which bled without pain or
disease. Her principal duty in the Palace was to sanctify by a day's
wearing the intimate linen destined to the use of her pious mistress and
friend. Thus consecrated, the garments became a mystic panoply, which
would keep away all iniirmity and sin, if anything could !"
One of the best descriptions in the book is "A Field Night
in the Cortes," which is fully equal to, if, indeed, it does not sur-
pass, "A Field Night in the House of Commons," written, some
years since, for the Atlantic Mo7ithly , by the late Professor Francis
Way land, a son of the late President of "Brown."
Upon first entering this august body, the President of the
Council is seen seated at the head of the Ministerial Board — a
slight, dark man, with a grav'e, thin whiskered face, and wear-
ing serious black clothes. He holds in his dark gloved hands a
little black-and-silver cane, and looks, for all the world, as the
author says, "like a pious and sympathizing undertaker." This
little, insignificant "undertaker," however, is no less a person-
age than Don Juan Prim — otherwise known as Count of Reus
and the Marquis of Castillejos — the Minister of War and the Cap-
tain-General of the Armies of Spain !
To have the proceedings of this particular night fully under-
stood, it becomes necessary for the relator to tell all that is re-
quired to be known of contemporary public events ; while, as to
the chief actors in the debates, the writer must give such a detail
of their daily habits and pursuits, and such a view of moral, in-
tellectual and military peculiarities as to bring them before the
reader as they thought, reasoned and acted. Of what stuff were
the members made? What were their individual idiosyncrasies,
and the modes of their manifestation ? In answering these ques-
tions, the difiiculty lies in preserving throughout such a subordi-
nation of incident to character as to prevent the reader from los-
*When Hay wrote the above he probably had in his mind the following anec-
dote: When the young Queen of Philip IV. of Spain was on her wa}' to Madrid to meet
a husband, whom she had married without ever having seen him, she passed through a
little town in Spain famous for its manufactures of gloves and stockings. The
magistrates of the place thought they could not better express their joy on the arrival
of their new Queen than by presenting her with a sample of those manufactures for
which their town was so celebrated. The Major Dorao, who escorted the Princess,
received the gloves very graciously ; but when the stockings were presented, he flung
them away with great indignation, and severely reprimanded the magistrates for having
been guilty of the egregious indecorum and indecency of offering such a present. "A'wozc,''
said he, 'V/za/ a Queen of Spain has no legs /"
326 THE SHIELD
ing sight of the men iu the events with which they were con-
nected. For this to be properly done, a union of the distinctive
characteristics of annals, biography and history was required ;
and the failure to do this has been the rock upon which so many
writers have been wrecked. Colonel Hay has happily escaped
this calamity ; and in the picture which he has drawn of the bril-
liant array of debaters, all public and private incidents are suc-
cessfully blended in one harmonious whole.
Indeed, as all these genre pen-pictures pass before us, we
fancy ourselves, for the nonce, in very truth Spaniards. Not as
strangers, but to the manor born, we wander dreamily through
Moorish Halls and Moslem Temples ; we meet in every street the
red bonnet and sandalled feet of the Catalan, and admire the
flexible figures and graceful bearing of the high born dames of
Castile ; we partake of the peasants' podrida at the noon-tide
meal beneath the shade of the olives ; we become Spanish gal-
lants, serenading with our guitar, under the pale moonlight,
dark-eyed Senoritas ; we instinctively recoil from the atrocious
cruelty of the bedizened matadors, and wish that, as in old Ro-
man days, we could, for the bulls' and the horses' sakes, turn
our thumbs down ; we fight duels wondering why we fight them ;
we count our beads and invoke our patron saints believing it to
be our duty — in short, we live Spaniards : we die Spaniards !
This power of reproducing past scenes vividly before a read-
er's eye, is considered one of the tests of good writing ; and as he
is accounted a fine painter upon whose canvas the spectator
fancies he sees depicted a veritable natural landscape, so, in
word-painting, the effect produced should be of a similar nature.
We part with this work with but one regret, namely : that
the author should have made scarcely any mention of the inqui-
sition and of its baleful effects upon Spanish character. There
is no historical scholar who is not aware that the Holy Ofiice
kept the Spanish mind in the cold, black darkness of Mediaeval-
ism long after the glorious light of the Renaissance had illumined
the other nations of Europe — that, in fact, to that dread Tribunal
is to be attributed the rapid decay, or rather, the complete arrest,
of Spanish civilization. Hence, for him, the subject is one of ab-
sorbing interest. The reason for this omission, we suppose, is
JOHN HA Y 327
that the theme was thought too hackneyed. Still, it were to be
wished that a chapter, at least, had been devoted to it ; for no
topic handled by Hay could, by any possibility, be "hackneyed";
and had he adopted the same method of treatment regarding the
Inquisition that he has followed when referring to other features
of Spanish life, the reader would have been presented with a
picture to hang in his mental gallery, equal in its sharp lines and
richness of coloring to those the author has drawn of a Bull-
Fight, The Bourbon Duel, and the Spanish School of Painting.
Finally : In these sketches, which show wonderful keenness of
observation, there is nothing savoring of "padding." Many of
the incidents not only are entirely new, but serve to illustrate,
pointedly, some trait in the character of the people of whom they
Colonel Hay's "History of the Administration of Abraham
Lincoln," to which I have before alluded, written, in connection
with his friend, Nicolay, is destined to take its place as the life
of one who was next to Washington— if, indeed, not his equal.
It will, I think, rank among the first of American biographies,
taking the same place in the public estimation as that of Chief
Justice Marshall's life of the first President. A portion of it is
written in Hay's inimitable style— perspicuous, graphic and
truthful— and it must ever remain a monument, not only of his-
torical value, but of a loving tribute to a truly great man.
Regarding Hay as a poet : his "Pike County Ballads," de-
picting a peculiar phase of Western civilization, and published
some years since, gave promise of its author eventually attaining
a high rank in that department of letters ; and to his friends, it
has always been a source of much disappointment that he did not
woo the Muse more zealously. Hay's faculty of rapid composi-
tion was simply marvellous, and would scarcely be believed, even
by myself, had I not repeatedly witnessed it. I recall an in-
stance in point. One evening, shortly before the close of the
term which was to conclude Hay's college life, I had gone to bed,
but was not asleep, when Hay entered our room. To my re-
mark, "Hay, we have not now long to be together, and I wish
you would write something for me to keep," he drew toward him
a sheet of paper, lying on the table, and without any hesitation
328 THE SHIELD
rapidly wrote oflf four stanzas which I consider — even now that I
have come to mature age and judgment — one of the most charm-
ing odes I have ever read. It was entitled "My Dream ;" and
in the rhythm of its numbers and the beauty of its diction it more
than equalled the verse of some of our more pretentious poets.
For many years I prized it as a most precious memento, and I
should have sent it to the Shield long since, had not its author
— thinking it crude — earnestly requested me to give it back. In
this estimate I differed entirely from him ; but, of course, I re-
spected his feelings in the matter, and complied with his wishes.
There were, however, some stanzas, written in college, which
I preserved, out of an unpublished play of Hay's entitled "Te-
cumseh, a Tragedy in Five Acts." As Hay did not interdict me
from publishing them, I now incorporate them in the present
tribute. Perhaps my fondness for my friend biases my opinion ;
but, it does seem to me that these verses are the very quintes-
cence of genuiyie poetry, and, as I have before remarked in re-
gard to other contributions from his Muse, I send these to show
to all my and his brothers of the Zeta how amazing was his poet-
ical genius ! These verses are supposed to be an appeal by an
Indian lover to his betrothed.
"Come forth and go with me, my love,
Through the starlit hours of night,
While the still, sad moon from the vault above,
Sheds down her mellowed light.
Not a sound on the sleeping earth is heard.
But ever the soughing breeze
Rocks to repose the wearied bird
In the top of the rustling trees.
'I know where the crimson prairie-cup springs.
And the blue-bell hangs its head ;
Where the breeze to the queenly tulip sings,
And the modest violets spread ;
Where purpling rich through the vine leaves green.
The full grape clusters shine ;
And, brightening the grass with its coral sheen
Runs the wild strawberry vine.
JOHN HA Y 329
"My arrow shall probe the thicket's shade
To gain the choicest food ;
The deer shall bleed in the open glade,
The panther in the wood.
The eagle's plume will my right arm gain
Thy raven hair to deck.
From the ring-dove's nest will I weave a chain,
To bind around thy neck.
"And when the moon sheds her amber light,
I shall take my light canoe.
While the cold calm stars keep their vigils bright
We'll glide ore the lakelet blue.
But, a roseate streak of light appears
At the orient gates of Day.
So banish, my love, all idle fears
And haste to my bower away. ' '
Another gem, which will subdue every reader, is his sweet
and sombre "Stirrup-Cup," running as follows :
My short and happy day is done.
The long and lonely night comes on,
And at my door the pale horse stands
To carry ine to unknown lands.
His whinny shrill, his pawing hoof,
Sound dreadful as a gathering storm
And I must leave this sheltering roof
And joys of life so soft and warm.
Tender and warm the joys of life —
Good friends, the faithful and the true ;
My rosy children and my wife,
So sweet to kiss, so fair to view. —
So sweet to kiss, so fair to view ;
The night comes on, the lights burn blue ;
And at my door the pale horse stands
To bear me forth to unknown lands.
Regarding his after career — his Embassay to England — rep-
resenting the United States at the Court of St. James, and his
ofiSce of Secretary of State under Presidents McKinley and
Roosevelt — as well as his matchless diplomacy during the Boxer
troubles, and his successful demand for the "open door," there
330 THE SHIELD
is no need to speak as these events are of so recent a date as to
be in the minds of all ; but, I think it will be admitted by all,
irrespective of political opinion that our brother, John Hay, has
been the greatest Secretary of State that our Country ever had —
not even excepting Adams, Clay, Webster, Marcy and Seward !
Nor, need I speak at length of his man}^ eloquent addresses — thus,
for instance, as the one on his dear personal friend, McKinley,
the one at the St. Louis Exposition, and those on several other
recent occasions — all of which are, also, too fresh in the public
memory not to be at once recalled.
It is my impression also, that the beginning of our dear
brother's physical ailements which eventually terminated in his
death when scarcely past his prime, was, unquestionably, the sad
and sudden death of his son, Adelbert, in July, 1901, (to which
I have already alluded) in whose diplomatic career — just begin-
ning — he took such pride. At least, I should so judge, by the
following letter to me, written in reply to my letter of sympathy,
and a portion of which is here given :
Washington, D. C. , July 10, 1901.
Dear Stone :
I received your letter and your postal card. * * * i thank you for
your kind words. I cannot talk about my boy.
Again, I think that, even a few months before his death he
had a premonition that his stay with us was short. I am in-
clined to believe this not only b}' reading between the lines of our
correspondence for the last two 3^ears, but from the following
letter which, under a sense of humor, which John ever had,
shows, clearly, how his mind ran. Here is the letter :
Washington, D. C. , November 3, 1904.
My dear Stone :
On account of my being confined to my room with a slight cold, the
speeches went off without my name ; but I send you some as you request.
* * * Do not talk about anything so ridiculous as my being a candidate
for the Presidency. I shall never hold any office after this ; and I expect
to be comfortably dead by 1908.
Col. Wm. L. Stone, Mt. Vernon, N. Y.
JOHN HAY 331
A further missive, that well illustrates our sanctified brother's
grace of modesty, and also serves to indicate his feeling for and
interest in Theta Delta Chi in after life, is the letter in which he
acknowledges to the present author, the receipt of Volume VII,
No. 4 of the Shield, containing a prior personal biography by
his correspondent. It runs as follows :
Washington, December 20, 1890.
My dear Stone :
I have received your etter and the Shikld, and have been too much
employed at blushing at the praise of my own loveliness to answer. I cer-
tainly cannot remember that I was ever so fine a fellow as you make me
out ; and now, in my sere and yellow leaf it will be hard to recognize the
fresh youth you paint. But no sitter ever seriously complains that his ar-
tist has made him too prepossessing, and so I can only thank you most
heartily if your affectionate good will has warped your usually sound
judgment in this matter. * * * I was particularly interested in your
oration in the same number, and touched as well as pleased with your allu-
sion to Noyes. (Rev. McWalter B., Zeta, '58, died in Italy in 1886.)
His was a spirit of rare purity and charm.
I always wonder how, in your busy life, you are able to know and re-
member so much about the men of our little Brotherhood. But a warm
heart, like yours, is a great stimulant to an active brain.
In conclusion : As a dear friend and brother, as his chum
and bed-fellow in college, with all the intimacy those terms im-
ply, and having had exceptional opportunities of knowing his
life since he left college, I may say of him as Horace wrote of his
friend, Fuscus :
"Integer vitae scelerisque purus
Non eget Mauris jaculis nee arcu."
Or, as lyord Lytton has gracefully rendered it :
"He whose life hath no flaw, pure from guile, need not borrow
Or the bow or the darts of the Moor, O my Fuscus ;
He relies for defence on no quiver that teems with poison steept arrows."
JOHN HAY, Secretary of State of the United States,
died July i. His death, a crushing sorrow to his
friends, is to the President of this country a national
bereavement, and in additton it is a serious loss to man-
kind, for to him it was given to stand as a leader in the
effort to better world conditions by striving to advance
the cause of international peace and justice.
He entered the public service as the trusted and
intimate companion of Abraham I.,incoln, and for well
nigh forty years he served his country with loyal devo-
tion and hish ability in many positions of honor and
trust ; and finally he crowned his lifework by serving as
Secretarj- of the .State with such farsightedness of the
future and such loyalty to lofty ideas as to confer last-
ing benefits not onlj' upon our own country, but upon
all the nations of the earth. As a suitable expression
of national mourning, I direct that the diplomatic
representatives of the United States in all foreign
countries display the flags over their embassies and
legations at half-mast for ten days; that for a like
period the flag of the United States be displayed at
half-mast at all forts and military posts and at all
naval stations, and on all vessels of the United States.
I further order that on the day of the funeral the
executive department ■. in the citv of Washington be
closed and that on all the public buildings throughout
the United States the national flag be displayed at
DONE at the city of Washington this 3d day of July,
A. D., igo5, and of the independence of the United
States theone hundred and twenty-ninth.
Bv the President
Herbert H. D. Pierce,
Acting Secretary of Stale.
THE TRIBUTE OF THE NATIONS TO JOHN HAY
The high esteem in which Secretary Hay was universally
held at home and abroad, was manifested by the messages which
were received by the government and by Mrs. Hay at the time of
his death. They came from sovereigns, from foreign offices,
from officials in the diplomatic service, and from men in public
and private life throughout this country. A great majority of
the telegrams from the last named were addressed direct to Mrs.
Hay, but those of the former class were sent through diplomatic
channels to the State Department. Some of these are given
The first cablegram of condolence received by President
Roosevelt from a foreign ruler regarding Mr. Hay's death came
from King Edward, as follows :
"L,ONDON, JUI,Y I.
"To THE President:
"I beg to offer the expressions of my deepest sympathy on the occa-
sion of the death of your distinguished Secretary of State, Mr. Hay, whom
I had the pleasure of seeing very recently. His loss to the great country
over which you preside will be a national one.
(Signed) "Edward R."
To this message the President responded as follows :
"OvsTER Bay, N. Y., July i, 1905.
"To His Majesty, King Edward VII, London, Engi^and :
"Pray accept my hearty thanks for the expression of your sympathy
in what is a national bereavement.
(Signed) "Theodore Roosevelt."
The Emperor of Japan sent the following cablegram to the
I learned with deep sorrow of the death of Mr. Hay, Secretary of
State. His eminent services in the interest of peace and good relations
between nations renders his death a great loss not only to his own country,
but to the world at large. I tender to you and Mrs. Hay my sincere con-
The Emperor instructed the minister for foreign affairs to
transmit a personal message from the Emperor to Mrs. Hay,
334 THE SHIELD
Minister Takahira also received instructions to send a wreath,
in the name of the Japanese government, to Cleveland on the
occasion of Mr. Hay's funeral. The wreath was presented by
Mr. Hioki, the first secretary.
FROM SOUTH AMERICAN REPUBLICS
Among other messages addressed to the President are the
PVom President Estrada Palma, of Cuba :
Will your excellency receive sincere sympathy in view of the death of
the illustrious statesman, Hon. John Hay, whose memory will always be
preserved by Cubans as that of a good friend ?
From President Pardo, of Peru :
My government unites with the United States in deploring the death
of the illustrious Secretary.
From President Amador, of Panama :
The government of Panama unites with the United States in mourning
the death of your eminent Secretary of State.
From President Zelaya of Nicaragua :
I feel sadly the death of the eminent Secretary of State.
From President Morales, of Santo Domingo :
Accept sympathy for death of Secretary Hay.
FROM THE AMBASSADORS
Many additional messages of condolence were received at
the State Department. Among these was one from Count Cas-
sini, the Russian Ambassador and Dean of the Diplomatic Corps
at Washington conveying the condolence of his government and
expressing his own deep regret. His message follows :
I have had the honor to receive the note by which you were so good as
to communicate to me the news of the demise of Mr. Secretary of State
Hay, which suddenly occurred last night, and hasten to beg you to accept
the expression of my most profound condolence on the occasion of this
Pray believe that I take a sincere part in the mourning caused by the
grievous loss of the eminent statesman whose name will ever hold in the
diplomatic annals of the United States the splendor guaranteed to him by
his rare qualities and the services rendered his country.
JOHN HAY 335
I am just now in receipt of a cablegram from Count L,amsdorff instruct,
ing me to transmit the expression of the sincere condolences of the imperial
government on the occasion of the demise of the Secretary of State.
In discharging this mission I beg you, sir, to receive the assurances of
my very distinguished consideration.
Baron Speck von Sternburg, the German Ambassador, tele-
graphed President Roosevelt on behalf of his government and for
himself messages of condolence and expressions of sympathy.
The Ambassador forwarded to President Roosevelt the following
expressions from the German government :
Mr. President :
The German Emperor has directed me to convey to you the expression
of his sincere condolence on the demise of the Secretary of State, John
Hay. The Emperor deeply sympathizes with you in the loss of your old
and personal friend, and fully appreciates the bereavement of the American
people through the death of this true patriot and statesman of purest char-
acter and extraordinary endowment.
To THE President of the United States of America, Oyster Bay :
Prince Buelow has requested me to convey to you, Mr. President, and
to the American people the expression of his deep sympathy on the demise
of the vSecretary of State, John Hay. The chancellor profoundly appre-
ciates the great loss which America has sustained through the death of this
most distinguished statesman and diplomatist and eminent poet and writer.
The Ambassador also telegraphed the President the follow-
ing message :
To you, Mr. President, and to the American people I send the ex-
pression of my heartfelt sympathy on the demise of the Secretary of State,
TRIBUTE BY VON STERNBURG
Baron Speck von Sternburg said :
"I had the honor to know Secretary of State John Hay for twenty
years, and for the past five years I had been in close official contact with
him. This to me was a special privilege in my diplomatic capacity. Dur-
ing this time I had occasion to become acquainted with his magnificent
talents as a statesman, diplomatist, and man of letters. His influence dur-
ing his brilliant official career has been most highly beneficial to the peace
and progress of the world."
336 THE SHIELD
Sir Mortimer Durand, the British Ambassador, telegraphed
the State Department from his summer home at Lenox, Mass.,
expressions of profound regret and deep sympathy on behalf of
his government, and a personal expression from Lord Lansdowne.
The Ambassador's first dispatch follows :
Lord Lansdowne telegraphs to me that his majesty's government has
heard with profound regret of the death of the Hon. John Hay, who was
held in universal respect by the people of Great Britain. His majesty's
government recognizes the great service rendered by Mr. Hay in promoting
the friendly relations which so happily unite the two countries. They ask
that an expression of their deep sympathy be conveyed to the President in
the loss which he has sustained. L,ord Lansdowne desires me to express his
great personal regret of the news.
The personal message read :
I have received with the deepest regret your telegram announcing the
death of the Hon. John Hay. I know that my regret will be shared by
The following cablegram was received at the British Em-
bassy from the governor of New Zealand :
The premier desires on behalf of New Zealand to tender the United
States the warmest sympathy and condolence at the loss of their greatest
statesman, Col. Hay, whose labors have profited the world, and done much
to promote good feeling between our empire, its colonies, and America.
The following was received at the State Department from
the Brazilian Ambassador, Joaquin Nabuco :
I just received your sad communication, and thanking your for your
courtesy, ask you kindly to convey to the President my deepest sense of
the great loss the country and himself has suffered to the person of Mr.
Hay. Please accept my condplence for yourself and the Department of
SYMPATHY OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC
M. Jusserand, the French Ambassador, in a telegram to
Acting Secretary Peirce, from Boston, expressed the deep sorrow
felt by the French Government over the death of Secretary Hay.
The message says :
I deeply regretted not to meet you at the Department of State when I
called July i to express the sorrow felt by my government for the great
JOHN HA Y 337
loss sustained by America, and by every admirer of noble manhood in the
death of Secretary Hay. Permit me to ask you to convey to President
Roosevelt the expression of the deep concern of the government of the
French republic at his being deprived of such a friend, and America of
such a great citizen.
The sincere condolences of the government of Austria-
Hungary were conveyed in the following message telegraphed to
the State Department by Baron Giskra, the charge, from the
summer home of the Austria-Hungary embassy at Lenox, Mass.
Following instructions received : I have the honor to present herewith
to the government of the United States the most sincere condolence of the
imperial and royal government on the occasion of the deeply regretted
death of his excellency the Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State.
Charge Giskra also telegraphed :
Deeply grieved by the sad news contained in your telegram of the
death of his excellency Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State. I beg you to
receive the expression of my most sincere condolences.
CONDOLENCES FROM THE LEGATIONS
From the legations, lower in diplomatic rank than the em-
bassies, came the following expressions of sympathy. The first
were two messages of condolence from Kogoro Takahira, the
Japanese Minister and Peace Envoy conveying expressions of
deepest regret and sympathy. They were addressed to the Acting
Secretary, and are as follows :
In thanking you for your telegram of this date, announcing the
lamented death of the Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State, I hasten to ex-
press the deepest sympathy of my government with that of the United
States in their loss of so distinguished and honored a statesman and the
heartfelt regrets of the members of this legation.
Sir : It i8 with a feeling of the deepest regret that I now receive your
communication of to-day's date relative to the irreparable loss which this
country has sustained in the death of Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State,
which occurred at his summer home, Newbury, N. H., at 12:25 o'clock this
338 THE SHIELD
morning. I beg leave to request you to be so good as to respectfully con-
vey to the President my sincerest expression of condolence on this occasion.
I beg further to add that in token of respect to the departed statesman,
the flag of this legation will be displayed at half-mast.
FROM COSTA RICA
From the Costa Rican minister :
In the name of my government and the Costa Rican people, I convey
to you and, through you, to his excellency the President, and the people
of the United States of America, the expression of the most profound grief
for the death of the eminent statesman, whose departure will be mourned
not only in this great nation, but in the whole world at large. Joining
myself in the expression of the deepest regrets, I beg you to accept the re-
newed assurances of my highest consideration.
J. B. Calvo.
From Senor Alto, Minister from Portugal :
I am directed by his majesty's government to convey to the govern-
ment of the United States the expression of the deep sorrow with which
they received the news of the Secretary of State's death. Pray allow me
to join to those of my government my personal feelings of sincere regret
at the loss of the distinguished statesman whose eminent qualities con-
tributed so powerfully to render pleasant and easy the relations between
the Department of State and the legation of his most faithful majesty.
From the Peruvian Minister :
Permit me to express to you and to the ofTicials of the State Depart-
ment my heartfelt sympathy for the loss you sustained with the disappear-
ance of your illustrious chief.
From the Uruguayan Minister :
Since my arrival at Washington I have been indebted to the Hon. John
Hay, in the capacity with which I am vested, for attentions that I
supremely appreciated and which I have even endeavored to acknowledge
by professions of my high and respectful affection. On this day of his de-
mise, unexpected and sorrowful, it behooves me to present your excellency
in the name of my government and in my own the most profound condo-
lence for this great loss, and I beg that you may be so good as to transmit
them to his excellency the President, of whom the illustrious deceased was
a prominent associate in the arduous duties of state, as well as a pure glory
of the United States for the leading part he took in the international ques-
tions of the greatest importance for mankind and universal civilization.
Your excellency will, therefore, consider me a true and grieved participant
JOHN HAY 339
in the tnourniTig of the great American nation for the austere citizen who
has been taken away from it, and of whose talents and virtues I was a close
Eduardo Acevedo Diaz.
From the charge of the legation of Sweden and Norway :
I have to acknowledge receipt of your note of today announcing the
death of Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State, I beg to express to you my
deepest sympathy at the loss of such an eminent American statesman.
G. De Strale.
From the charge of the Nicaraguan Legation :
It is with the greatest sorrow that I have learned of the unexpected
death of such an eminent and well-known American statesman who played
so brilliant a role in the political history of civilized nations during the
last decade, and I earnestly desire to express to your excellency's govern-
ment, in the name of Minister Corea and in my own, how the government
of Nicaragua joins us to lament this deplorable loss to the present admin-
From the Netherlands charge :
Have received with deep regret your telegram of today announcing
the death of Hon. John Hay, Secretary of State. I have not failed to con-
vey this sad intelligence to my government, and beg you to accept the as-
surances of my profound sympathy in this great loss the American nation
From the Haitian minister :
I have heard with sorrow of the death of Hon. John Hay. In my
name and in the name of the Haitian government I beg to convey a heart-
felt condolence to the people and the government of the United States.
K. N. Leger.
John Barrios, son of the late President of Guatemala, cabled
the profound regret of that government, and telegrams also were
received from the diplomatic representative of the Argentine Re-
public and the consul general for Ecuador at San Francisco.
SYMPATHY OF THE NETHERLANDS
The following was received from the Netherlands :
Netherlands Minister of Foreign Affairs, in note dated today, ex-
presses in his government's name, deep sympathy in loss sustained by
American government and people.
340 THE SHIELD
The sincere sentiments and condolence of President Quin-
tana and the people of Argentina "for the irreparable loss sus-
tained by the American people" was communicated by the first
secretary of the Argentine lyCgation.
SIR MORTIMER DURAND
Sir Mortimer Durand, the British Ambassador to the United
States, said :
"I am deeply shocked and grieved to hear the news. Outside of
America Mr. Hay was regarded as one of the first of living statesmen. His
death is a loss to the world. Ofiicial relations with him were a pleasure,
for he was as courteous and refined as he was straightforward and firm. He
seemed to me to be the very type of what a diplomatist should be. I feel
aS if I had lost a personal friend."
SIR CHENTUNG LIANG CHENG
Sir Chentung Liang Cheng, Chinese Minister, when in-
formed of the death of Secretary Hay, was greatly moved. He
"China mourns with the citizens of this country over the death of the
late Secretary of State. The magnanimous policy that the late Secretary
pursued in the far Eastern questions will always be cherished by the Chi-
nese people and Chinese officials with the deepest gratitude. In all inter-
national questions, while always upholding the dignity of his country and
demanding justice to his fellow-countrymen, he invariably showed the
same consideration to the equal amount of dignity and justice due to other
governments. With his lamentable death the world has lost one of the
greatest diplomats, the most liberal statesman, and a friend of humanity."
The Latin-American members of the International Union of
the American Republics met in the diplomatic reception room of
the Department of State at 3 o'clock on the afternoon of July 2d.
Mr. Calvo, the Minister of Costa Rica, presided, and Mr. Gambo,
the charge d'affaires of Mexico, acted as secretary.
The chairman said the meeting was called to give expression
to the feelings of the board upon the death of the late Hon. John
Hay, Secretary of State and ex-ofl&cio chairman of the board.
JOHN HA Y 341
The following resolutions were offered by Mr. Calvo and unani-
mously adopied :
To express to his excellency the President of the United States in suit-
able form our most profound condolence at the lamented loss of the illus-
trious citizen, the Hon. John Hay, whose departure the Chief Magistrate,
his government, and the American people mourn.
That a similar expression be sent to Mrs. Hay.
That a wreath with an inscription to read, "The International Union
of the American Republics," be placed at the funeral.
Eulogistic speeches were made by Mr. Walker-Martinez,
the Minister of Chile, and Mr. Calderon, the Minister of Bolivia.
Upon request of the chairman. Director Fox notified Acting
Secretary Peirceof the action of the board, and Mr. Peirce there-
upon appeared and responded feelingly on behalf of the President
of the United States, whom, as well as Mrs. Hay, he said, he
would advise of the action taken.
It was ordered that the Bureau of the American Republics
be closed on the day of the funeral.
FROM AMERICAN DIPLOMATS
Many dispatches were received from American diplomats
abroad. A few of these were as follows :
From Mr. Rockhill, American Minister to China :
Accept deepest sympathy irreparable loss of our friend, Hay,
Ambassador Reid, in a cablegram to the President from
I/Ondon, said :
My more than forty years' friendship with the great Secretary enables
me to appreciate the great loss you have suffered. Mrs. Reid and I desire
to offer to yourself and Mrs. Roosevelt our respectful and profound sym-
From Mr. Leishman, the American Minister to Turkey :
The great loss which the nation has sustained by the death of Secretary
Hay is shared by the entire staff of the legation and also by the American
colony here. I beg you to kindly extend our condolences to the bereaved
Mr. Leishman also received condolences from the Sultan, the
government ofi&cials, and the foreign residents at Constantinople.
342 THE SHIELD
From Ambassador Meyer at St, Petersburg :
"Greatly shocked and grieved at sad news. Count Lamsdorff called
personally this afternoon and left letter expressing his deep sympathy. At
proper time kindly express my sincere condolence to Mrs. Hay."
From Ambassador White at Rome :
"Please cable me date of funeral soon as known. Propose having me-
morial services at the same time in the American church here. ' '
From American Ambassador to Brazil :
"With profound regrets notice of Mr. Hay's death received."
From the American Minister to Morocco :
"News of Secretary Hay's death received with prof ound sorrow."
SECRETARY HAY AS EUROPE SAW HIM
The following dispatches from foreign capitals will give an
idea as to the esteem in which Secretary Hay was held abroad :
London, july i.— As soon as he received the sad news of Secretary
Hay's death, Mr. Reid, the American Ambassador, ordered the flags at
Dorchester House, his residence, and on the Embassy building placed at
half mast. He has cancelled all social engagements for the coming week
for himself and Mrs. Reid, including the American women's reception in
honor of Mrs. Reid on Monday and the American Society dinner on July 4.
The Ambassador also went into personal mourning, Messrs. Reid and Hay
having been friends for upward of forty years. Mr. Reid was groomsman
at Mr.^Hay's wedding. Speaking of Secretary Hay's death, Mr. Reid said :
"Mr. Hay's death is a great grief and shock to me, for he was my
closest friend among the public men of to-day. He was peculiarly fitted
for the post of Secretary of State, which he filled with such genius. No
man in America, save John Quincy Adams, had such training and prepara-
tion for his post. When I saw Mr. Hay in London last he was dining with
me. He was in his cheeriest mood, and I had hoped he had fully recov-
ered his health and that a long life of continued usefulness was his. I have
cabled mv condolences to Mrs. Hay. I have abandoned the reception on
July 4. This will disappoint thousands, but I feel it is but the proper thing
to do. My heart would not be in the reception or in the speech before the
American Society while my dearest friend and that great American was
perhaps lying unburied in America. I am awaiting instructions from the
President as to the length of the mourning period and other steps that are
to be taken. These may modify my arrangements, but at present I am
resolved to abandon the reception.
REGARDED AS GREATEST AMERICAN
Not even in America itself is the death of John Hay more deeply
deplored than by the people of Great Britain and all Europe. It is even
true that his genius for statecraft has gained fuller recognition in the Old
World than among his own countrymen. His highest eulogies will come
from his greatest contemporaries among the directors of the world's des-
tinies in these most critical hours of modern history. They are the best
judges of his transcendent qualities. He was in their eyes the greatest
American— some will say the greatest statesman— of his day. His services
for the past two years especially were given not alone to America, but to
mankind, and the world has yet but a slight knowledge of how great is its
indebtedness to him.
344 THE SHIELD
It is scarcely an exaggeration to say that Mr. Hay made it possible to
avert a general war during the first year of the far Eastern campaign, and
the influence of his wise precautions still makes for peace.
America owes to his efforts more than to those of any other man tha
she was saved from foreign interference during the Spanish-American cout
fiict. It is still too early to tell the story of the anxious days when Mr.
Hay's foresight, tact, and resourcefulness kept the ring for America, as it
did later for Russia and Japan.
Those who possessed Mr. Hay's confidence know him as the frankest
of men. He had no secrets from those he really trusted, and his confidence
was never abused. When he was Ambassador to London, and since he was
Secretary of State, he has many times thrown the illuminating light of his
knowledge upon intricate problems of international politics which have
been reflected in these dispatches.
TRIBUTES IN BERLIN
Berlin, July i. — The representative of Chancellor von Buelow at the
foreign office drew up the following note in regard to the death of
Secretary Hay :
"Immediately on hearing the news of Mr. Hay's death this morning,
Baron von Richthofen, the German Foreign Minister, went to the American
Embassy and expressed to Ambassador Tower his deepest regret at the loss
of a meritorious and important statesman."
As expressing Prince von Buelow's personal opinion the statement
"Mr. Hay's death is deeply regretted in government circles. We had
hoped that the favorable reports of the result of the Nauheim cure were
true, and that with renewed strength he would resume his responsible post.
Mr. Hay's diplomatic talents were always fully recognized in Berlin, where
the opinion was held that the recent important product of American
diplomacy and the reputation that that diplomacy had won in the world
was largely due to the education and development which she, namely,
diplomacy, had received at his hands.
"He was regarded as one of the Secretaries of State who had done
most to further American interests all over the world, and whether his
private leanings were more toward one or the other country is a question
which is not concerned with a judgment of his political character. His
policy was consistently directed in the interests of America, but Germany
was always able to come to a good understanding with him. On this
account the regret at the loss the American people has suffered is sincere
and heartily felt. The Kaiser is at Travemunde, but the correspondent is
assured that the above represents his feelings toward the sad event."
ST. PETERSBURG OFFICIALS SHOCKED
St. Petersburg, July 2, 12:59 a. m. — Foreign Minister Count Lams-
dorff yesterday afternoon paid an unusual tribute to the memory of the late
JOHN HA Y 345
Secretary of vState, Tohn Hay. Without waiting for an official announce-
ment of the Secretary's death and disregarding the conventions of diplomatic
etiquette, the Minister, on the receipt of the news, immediately called at
the residence of Ambassador Meyer, and finding the ambassador absent,
left a note expressing his personal sorrow at the death of Mr. Hay.
Ambassador Meyer will probably present formal notification of the
Secretary's death, on behalf of the American government, at a special
audience of Emperor Nicholas today.
The death of Secretary Hay caused the deepest impression here, where
his statesmanlike qualities were highly appreciated. The high officials of
the foreign office were shocked to hear of his death, since the late reports
indicated that he had returned from Europe with his health restored. They
expressed the heartiest sympathy at the loss sustained by American
diplomacy and the cause of international comity.
Ambassador Meyer was deeply grieved at receiving the news from the
Associated Press. He immediately wired his condolences and ordered the
flag to be hall masted lover the embassy buildings and his residence, the
Kleinmichel Palace. Tue .Embassador will wait for the official announce-
ment before officially conveying the fact of the Secretary's death to the
Russian government, when probably he will have a personal audience of
Foreign Minister Lamsdorff.
Paris, July i.— The death of Secretary Hay caused a profound shock
in official and diplomatic quarters here. Premier Rouvier was among the
first to learn the news, and he sent a despatch expressing his deep regret
Ambassador McCormick, Gen. Porter, and the officials of the American
embassy and consulate and the members of the American colony joined in
expressions of grief and in tributes|of respect for the dead statesman
IN OTHER FOREIGN CAPITALS
Copenhagen, July i.— American Minister O'Brien is receiving many
messages of condolence from diplomats and other high officials on Secretary
of State Hay's death. The evening newspapers print sympathetic articles
concerning Mr. Hay and express their admiration for his great capacity
and statesmanship. America, they say, will find it difficult to get a suc-
cessor his equal.
Rome, July i. — The whole of the Italian press cemments on the death
of Secretary of State Hay. The Tribuna says he leaves the American
foreign policy so well defined in all particulars that his successor will have
nothing to do but follow his lead.
Vienna, July i. — The news of Secretary of State Hay's death was
received here with sincere regret. The newspapers say that America has
lost one of her most able, devoted and educated sons, who is well remem-
bered in Vienna. The Fremdenblatt, the official organ of the foreign
office, says that Mr. Hay always proved himself a far-seeing and experienced
TRIBUTES OF EMINENT AMERICANS
Vice-President Fairbanks :
"The death of Secretary Hay removes from public life one of our
wisest and most conservative statesmen, one of the foremost diplomats of
his time. He was a man of great strength and modesty. He was a diplo-
mat by nature ; a student of statecraft, who made himself master of every
subject which engaged his attention. He rendered his country enduring
service. He was the trusted friend of three Presidents. He was a brave,
sincere man, a steadfast friend, a patriot in the highest and best sense."
Ex-President Grover Cleveland :
"I am intensely shocked and grieved to hear of the death of Secretary
Hay. I feel that in the light of the highest and most substantial good of
the country we can ill afford to lose such a man. While the grief caused
by his death must be universal, we, as people, should be grateful for his
life and deeds, and above all should profit by his lofty example of patriotism
Justice William R. Day :
"The country has lost an accomplished scholar, statesman, and orator.
His place will be very difficult to fill. His loss will be mourned by
the country and a wide circle who were privileged to enjoy his friendship.
In the seven years he had been Secretary of State he had established an
enduring fame at home and abroad as one of our first statesmen and diplo-
mats. Beginning his career as private secretary to Abraham Lincoln, he
had been the close friend and adviser of Presidents McKinley and Roose-
Joseph H. Choate, former ambassador to England :
"The sudden death of Mr. Hay is an unspeakable loss to the public
service. When selected by President McKinley for the great office of
Secretary of State he was already more perfectly equipped for its duties
than any other man in the country. Taking charge of the Department of
State at the time when the acquisition of our colonial possessions had
brought us into new and enlarged relations with foreign powers, he proved
himself more than equal to the great demand upon the country. His
official labors of those several years, from 1898 to 1905, have been prodigious
and of the highest character and have commanded the admiration and
gratitude of his countrymen and the unqualified respect and esteem of
"In great public questions of world-wide concern, in which ten years
before the United States would have been hardly considered, his wide and
far-seeing diplomacy has given us a commanding position, so that the na-
JOHN HA Y 347
tions of the Old World have been learning to look to us for light and lead-
ing, of which an instance was his very enterprising and at the same time
conservative conduct on the question of the maintenance of the open door
in the far East and the preservation of the integrity of China.
"Under his administration of the State Department, American interests
in all parts of the world have been maintained with a strong hand, and at
the same time his peaceful and conciliatory spirit has strengthened the
friendship which happily exists between us and all other governments and
"His exalted personal character and conservative spirit and charming
personality endeared him to his countrymen and gave them a constant,
abiding sense of the purity in our foreign relations. To his personal
friends, who are numbered by the thousands on both sides of the Atlantic,
his loss is irreparable."
ACTION BY STATE AND MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
Governor Herrick, of Ohio, on July 3d, issued the following
proclamation concerning the death of John Hay :
John Hay, Secretary of State for the United States, for many years an
honored citizen of Ohio, died on the morning of July i, and his remains
are to be interred in Lake View Cemetery, in the city of Cleveland, on
Wednesday, July 5. The services of Secretary Hay to his country, ex-
tending over a long period of years, were of inestimable value, and in his
death the nation has suffered an irreparable loss. His abilities and labors
as a statesman and his virtues as a citizen have received world-wide recog-
nition. As a resident of Ohio he held the deep and sincere affection and
respect of all her citizens, who mourn his death.
As a mark of respect to his memory, the flags on the capitol are hereby
ordered placed at half staff until after the funeral.
The Commissioners of the District of Columbia, upon motion
of Commissioner MacFarland, adopted resolutions at their regular
meeting on July 2d, as follows :
"The Commissioners of the District of Columbia learn with profound
regret of the death of the Hon. John Hay of the district of Columbia, Sec-
retary of State, at his summer home in New Hampshire last night. Wash-
ington v»as not only the scene of his greatest achievements, but his home
for many years. He was not only the most illus'rious Washingtonian who
ever sat in the cabinet, but he took a citizen's part in the affairs of the Dis-
trict, so that the national capital has an especial share in the sense of great
loss felt by the entire nation. As orator, diplomatist, statesman, Mr. Hay
has an enduring name throughout the world. Here, where he has been
personally known by many since he came in his youth with President Lin-
34S THE SHIELD
coin to the White House, there is special appreciation of his personal
services in the life of the community. As a mark of respect it is ordered
that the flags on all District buildings be displayed at half-mast for thirty
At a meeting of the Board of Aldermen of New York City
the following resolutions on the death of Secretary of State John
Hay were adopted :
A nation mourns a nation's loss. John Hay, Secretary of State, master
of honest statecraft, litterateur, of profound intellect and noble sentiments,
one whose fame will stand in history for all time among the foremost
American diplomats, is dead. We, the aldermen of the city of New York,
deeply sensible of the irreparable loss that our common country has sus-
tained, place upon our records this minute of tribute on the death of one
of our most distinguished sons.
A well balanced and fairly trained mind, with
Hands that the rod of empire might have sway'd
Or waked to ecstasy the living lyre,
it may with truth be said that in and around the declining years of his well
spent life was woven the poetic truth.
The paths of glory lead biit to the grave.
Resolved, That the Board of Aldermen of the City of New York here-
by expresses and lenders to the family of John Hay, late Secretary of State,
its sincere sympathy.
Resolved, That a copy hereof, suitably er grossed and duly authenti-
cated by his honor the Mayor and the City Clerk, be transmitted to the
family of the late John Hay.
Resolved, Further, as an additional mark of respect, the board do now
HONORS IN THE FAR OFF PHILIPPINES
Governor Wright of the Philippine Islands, in acknowledg-
ing the receipt of the President's proclamation of the death of
Secretary Hay, cabled that he had given orders for the closing
of all the departments and the half-masting of all flags in the
islands on the day of the funeral.
MOURNED BY THE RACE WITHOUT A COUNTRY
The current American Hebrciv prints an interesting sym-
posium consisting of the tributes paid to the memory of the late
John Hay by the Hebrew press throughout the United States.
JOHN HAY 349
Heading this list is a poem by Miss Annette Kohn, entitled
"The Last Protocol," which hails the late Secretary of State as
a friend of the Hebrew people and concludes :
O, thou sorely stricken people, let thy tears rain down thy face I
In this hour of thine aspiring, there is none to take his place.
Thou canst only swathe thy banners, bring thy laurels to his bier —
Wear the solemn robe of mourning, in thy heart his name ensphere.
THE DISPASSIONATE PRESS
THE REMARKABLE TRIBUTE TO JOHN HAY
When a statesman of great prominence passes away, especially if he is
in office at the time, it is natural to look for something perfunctory in
many of the official messages of regret that pour in from all directions.
vSome will be instigated simply by politeness, others by policy, by the de-
sire to conciliate the government of which the dead man was a member.
Indeed, as a rule it may be said that officialdom is never more insincere
than when it is displaying the trappings of woe.
The world-wide tribute which is being paid to the genius, the per-
sonality of John Hay is distinguished by a note of sincerity which must be
as gratifying to his countryman as it is rare. Owing to his habit of reserve,
his practice of keeping himself in the background as far as that was com-
patible with his station as the most conspicuous figure in the Cabinet, the
Secretary of State had been more or less of a stranger to Americans. They
had learned to believe in him as a sagacious, a brilliant, and, when neces-
sary, a bold diplomatist. But in the nature of things the great majority
had no knowledge of the rare charm of the man, and had no means of
judging it until the pale horse he spoke of in his own poem had carried
him to unknown lands and he had ceased to toil for the promotion of the
But while John Hay was known to Americans simply as a statesman
and man of letters, he was known to those in the inner circles of diplomacy
and statecraft here and abroad as a man. The words in which these have
expressed their sorrow have a true ring to them. Our own President has
lost a friend. The personal education is to be found in the message of the
King of England, who was one of the first personages in the world to send
a message to the Chief Executive. And so literally from China to Peru
there is but one sentiment of individual loss expressed by those who had
been brought into close relations with the Secretary of State.
Leaving the heads of nations out of account, the sensation caused by
John Hay's death has been equaled in recent years only in the case of Bis-
marck and of Gladstone. Both of these had been long enough retired from
the stage of national affairs to permit of party prejudices and bitterness
dying down. England forgot the failures and mistakes of the great Liberal
and remembered only his virtues. Germany remembered that it was to the
Iron Chancellor that she owed a united Fatherland and forgot his occa-
There is nothing, however, to extenuate, explain away or suppress in
the case of John Hay. He died in office. Those of the opposite political
party can adopt the words of Mr. Cleveland as expressing their own views,
when he said : "I feel that in the light of the highest and most substantial
JOHN HAY 351
good of the country we can ill afford to lose such a man. While the grief
caused by his death mu6t be universal, we, as a people, should be grateful
for his life and deeds, and, above all, should profit by his lofty example of
patriotism and duty. If we can but properly appreciate the value and ser-
vice of disinterested zeal and devotion in public conduct, we shall derive
a rich legacy from the life and death of John Hay."
From the unanimous testimony of witnesses of all sorts it is clear that
John Hay had one of the most engaging personalities in our political and
social history. And it is possible to predict of him with much more truth
than in the case of the soldier-statesman of whom the words were originally
written, that whatever record leaps to light, he never shall be shamed. —
Neiu York Evening Sun.
The death of Secretary Hay inflicts a deplorable loss upon the country.
The instant and universal outpouring of grief bears no resemblance to the
conventional expressions which are often evoked by the disappearance Ox
a notable figure from the stage of public affairs. The American people
had a profound regard for Mr. Hay, and a strong attachment. He had ex-
cited their admiration and he possessed their confidence. They had be-
come accustomed to believe that no emergency in foreign relations could
arise in which he would not prove equal to all the requirements of national
honor and interest, and they constantly expected him to meet every demand
in such a manner as to gratify their pride in the fame of their country. In
their estimation he was a guarantee of public security, and they rejoiced
to see their own sentiments more and more clearly and widely reflected in
the generous testimony of foreign nations.
It is a fact on which Americans will dwell with peculiar gratification
that the acknowledgment of Secretary Hay's eminence in the great field
of diplomacy, which, in the hour of their bereavement, is everywhere
made with the warmest assurances of sympathy and respect, was not re-
served until his death. If, in the earlier stages of his career in the State
Department, there was some slight indisposition on the part of European
statesmen to put a sufficiently high value on his qualifications and achieve-
ments, a full recompense for such misgivings has been offered. They soon
perceived that with a decorum conforming to their traditions, and with a
suavity at least as perfect as their own, he combined a firmness of purpose
and a directness of method which swiftly and securely accomplished
objects both nationally and internationally essential. We should be doing
injustice to the feelings of the world if we refrained from saying that it
has lost one of its foremost citizens.
John Hay's public life began with the civil convulsion which was
destined to compact the great Republic in all its present integrity. It ended
at a moment when vast revolutionary changes may be impending in a
European empire and a new opportunity for the exercise of his benevolent
352 THE SHIELD
wisdom seemed to be at hand. Between its stormy opening and its anxious
close his career was marked by a singular variety of public services — in
journalism, literature and statesmanship, in the promotion of liberal arts
and the diffusion of civilizing influences. He possessed shining talents,
and admirable qualities with which shining talents are not often associated —
cool judgment and \infalteriiig will, exquisite courtesy and the great gift
of common sense. His clear flame of patriotism never burned unsteadily.
The gusts of popular passion left it undimmed and unwavering.
As a writer Colonel Hay gained a distinction which would have been
greatly enhanced if he had chosen to let literary effort absorb his atten-
tion, but we think he might have won evfen higher reputation as an orator.
He had something far beyond mere fluency and grace of utterance. He
could impart that spiritual touch which distinguishes eloquence from
rhetoric. His too rare speeches, always forceful and felicitous in every
part, contain many passages which "glow with celestial fire." Of Colonel
Hay as a writer for the daily press The Tribune is enabled to speak with
authority. He was long an invaluable member of the editorial staff, and
while, perhaps, by preference he more often treated foreign topics in its
columns, there was no topic which he failed in touching to adorn. During
Mr. Whitelaw Reid's absence in Europe in 1881 he was the responsible
manager of this journal for six peculiarly difficult and trying months, of
which the memory and the tradition are preserved by this ofiice with
constant affection and profound respect.
Contemporaneous judgments are proverbially fallacious, and they are
not least likely to need revision when they are pronounced upon a states-
man who haa been a conspicuous figure of his time. But there is reason to
believe that history will confirm the verdict which Secretary Hay's fellow-
countrymen, in common with the world beyond our borders, had already
found and are now repeating with sorrowful admiration. Throughout a
period crowded with momentous and perplexing events, under two great
Presidents whose unbounded confidence he enjoyed, he conducted the
department of foreign relations with rare provision, with unswerving
loyalty to high ideals, and so far as it is now possible to discern the future,
in such a manner as to confer lasting benefits, not only on his own country,
but on all mankind. — New York Tribune.
CAREER OF JOHN HAY
John Hay was a type of the finer sort of American. His mind blended
the practical and the poetic, raising him to distinction in apparently incom-
patible roles. His pose, his alertness, his wit, his unfailing humor were
purely American. His mind was a blade of exquisitely tempered steel,
tough in its way, but not fashioned for the hacking and clashing blows of
war. His strength was sinewy, rather than robust. With the virility and
fire of a man, he was endowed with the sensibility and fine perception of a
woman. With such a mind, cultivated and enriched through a long life of
JOHN HA Y 353
communion with the greatest minds of the ages, he became a man of
wonderful breadth of vision and accuracy of judgment. Called to a posi-
tion where such qualities had full play, it is little wonder that he should
have won recognition as one of the leading men of his time.
Secretary Hay's frankness and veracity of mind and method were as
notable as his tact and shrewdness. He did not find it necessary in deal-
ing with the brightest minds of other governments to employ artifice and
indirection in order to carry his point. He was personally the soul of
honor, punctiliously fulfilling every obligation, however small ; and when-
ever he was permitted to have his way in the foreign relations of the United
States these rules were applied with equal sincerity. Mr. Hay enjoyed a
personal acquaintance with most of the foreign diplomatists with whom he
dealt, and his engaging personality was no doubt of more value to his
country than was usually understood.
Secretary Hay's work as a statesman led him away from the pleasant
fields of literature, where he won early fame, which might easily have
been amplified if he had developed that bent of his versatile mind. As the
years wore on he appeared to have little regard for his early literary
achievements — to underrate their real value. In secret he still "heard in
his soul the music of wonderful melodies," but he regarded his political
work as overshadowing in importance anything he might accomplish in
literary effort. We are half inclined to doubt that posterity will accept his
view. A touch of nature making the whole world kin is cherished when
the triumphs of statesmanship are forgotten. The songs of a nation are
still as important as its laws. There have been other great Secretaries of
State, but there is only one homely "Jim Bludso," with its immortal
tribute to heroism.
Perhaps John Hay was as wise as he was conscientious in keeping on
his armor and fighting the battle of actualities ; but as the years go by
there will be many who will regret that his practical duties robbed the
world of a poet and a man of letters who could have contributed so much
of comfort and good cheer. — 77; i? Washington Post.
DEATH OF JOHN HAY
The national loss is irreparable. He not only had gifts of the highest
order for the important duties of his post, but his grasp of living questions
was so firm and true the country felt a sense of the greatest security in his
presence in office. He had done so many difficult things well there was a
feeling that nothing within range of his official survey was beyond his
powers. Men of both parties consulted and trusted him. Even those who
differed with him conceded the purity of his purposes and admired the
skill with which he forwarded them. Beyond our own shores he enjoyed
a shining reputation. His fame has gone to every country, and wherever
men are occupied with large affairs and count America in the scale of the
world's well-being there is sincere mourning today for the death of John
354 THE SHIELD
Hay. It is everywhere recognized that an agency for good, armed with
the best weapons, has passed out of action forever. * * * *
Personally Mr. Hay was an irresistable mixture of 'courtesy, kindli-
ness, sympathy and sincerity. The youthful discipline of Lincoln and the
mature friend of McKinley was in the nature of things an unaffected gen-
tleman, and language would be beggared in any effort to describe the
charm of his presence. — Washington Evening Star.
In the passing of John Hay the country loses the largest figure in its
relations with the rest of the world. When time gives to this period a cool
and just perspective he will assume a bulk and impressiveness that he now
has not, even when his virtues and his victories are being recounted by
those who loved and mourn him.
From the administration of Lincoln to the present he had been a vital
figure in public Life. He was governed at all times by a clear judgment
and a faculty for weighing and valuing possibilities and endowed with a
prevision which is the gift alike of the seer and successful statesman.
What he accomplished as a diplomat fixes him iu history as a world
figure, the first of American premiers, whose skill and fine sense of inter-
national justice made his country big in the council of nations. He was
essentially a man of order and detail, yet he had the dreaming soul of the
poet and in his personal relations was gentle, tender and sympathetic.
He dies in the July opulence of his power and leaves but little undone.
An American to the very breath of him, he felt that his last years were
being passed in a remarkable period of the nation's development. Shortly
before he sailed for Europe in the hope of benefiting his condition he
said to a visitor :
"I am getting old and perhaps may not be spared much longer, but I
am glad to have lived in such a time of our growth. To hinx in whose
blood quickly stirs the pulse of patriotism it is a great privilege indeed."
And he more than any one man contributed to make the period notable
in statecraft. He was a big man, and clean, too. Living in a period when
graft, sordid purpose and the selfishness of egotism taint nearly all things,
he was absolutely clear of suspicion. His ideals were high and his sense of
honor was a religion.
Columns will be written in estimating this man ; rulers and lesser men
who have to do with the government of and the intercourse between people
will formally tell of his value, but the greatest good that he shaped or in-
spired is not in the things so handsomely achieved, nor in the diplomatic
victories which zone the globe with the force of his mentality, but in the
example he himself furnishes for the men to come who would emulate
In a time when money alone is generally accepted as a standard by
which to judge a man's worth and unobtrusive gentility is eclipsed by
JOHN HAY 355
garish glitter and shoddy show it is inspiring to look upon a wholesome,
representative American who embodies the fine old traditions and the best
of innovations. John Hay was eminently of this type, and it is not the
least, among other reasons, why the country can ill afford to lose him.
His humanity was no makeshift of statecraft. It was the personal ex-
pression of the man himself, and as such affected all of his acts. Big heart
and big mind make a combination which may in time conquer the very
This is the measure of the man by the representative of that land at
the other end of the globe, China, and it is given to show how one touch
of nature makes the whole world kin. "In all international questions,
while always upholding the dignity of his country and demanding justice
to his fellow countrymen, he invariably showed the same consideration to
the equal amount of dignity and justice due to other governments. With
his lamentable death the world has lost one of the greatest diplomats, a
most liberal statesman and a friend of humanity." — New York Evening
A conspicuous figure in American letters, a sturdy patriot among
American citizens, a great factor in American statesmanship, has passed
away with the death of John Hay. By the force of a brilliant mind and a
service of unyielding watchfulness he lifted American influence to the
greatest height it has ever attained. His death this morning will be re-
ceived by the other great nations as an event of almost as much importance
to them as to the country he served. — The Washhigton Times.
The comment of the press throughout the world has been almost un-
precedented in unanimity of opinion, an opinion well represented by the
lyondon "Spectator." In its eulogy it calls special attention to the patriot-
ism which induced Mr. Hay to remain at his post although he knew of the
sentence of death upon him. "With Mr. Hay there was not the shade of
suspicion of the patriotic gladiator raising his sword to the genius of the
Republic with an 'Ave, Columbia Imperatrix ! Moriturus te saluto !' All
that the world saw was a great gentleman and a great statesman doing his
work for his State and his President with perfect taste, perfect good sense,
and perfect good humor. " At home the most striking tributes have come
from anti-Administration journals. One of them says of Mr. Hay's diplo-
macy : "It was that of a high-minded, courteous, scholarly gentleman,
and it was respected because Europe soon learned to know that it was with-
out guile." Another anti-Administration journal refers to the successor
Mr. Hay's adherence to the law of justice and kindness, so that his death
356 THE SHIELD
will be as sincerely mourned in far-off Peking as anywhere : "He was so
sound, he was so careful, he was so fair, that by these qualities he had in-
augurated more auspiciously than any other American whom one can name
could have done the fated emergence of his country . . . upon the
stage of world politics. . . . It is a great example and a great admoni-
tion to his successors, it is a great possession to his countrymen in his
memory, that John Hay leaves behind him." — TJie Outlook.
JOHN HAY IN LITERATURE
The statesman whose death is so recent that our sense of him as a living
force cannot yet accept the fact, may not at once find the place in our
political history which his rare gifts and great qualities had been making
secure for him. But John Hay's relation to our literature was already so
definite before he died that one may venture to speak of it without the
effect of undue haste, though one may not so much try to fix the terms of
a final judgment of his work as to ascertain some of the reasons for his
being poet, romancer and historian, such as he was, without being at his
greatest either. He lived to be recognized as the ablest public man of his
time, the inventor of a diplomacy that was sincere, courageous and generous,
and it has seemed to me, in reviewing what he wrote, that he might have
had an equal and a kindred fame in literature. P'or more than half his
years one may fancy him standing at the parting of the ways, where he
might have taken the path to preeminence in authorship, as finally he
took the path to the supremacy in statesmanship which he really achieved.
It was as if the choice was rather decided for him than made by him, so
passive, so almost indifferent, was the attitude he kept in the eyes of the
spectator. * * * But the man of letters was finally subordinated
in his distinctly dual nature to the man of affairs, of public affairs. We
may fancy that up to the time when he became employed with his work on
"The History of Lincoln" it had always been possible for him to turn
again, and, if he would, be one of our first poets, one of our first novelists^
one of our first essayists, as he certainly became one of our first historians. —
W. D. Howells in The North Americaii Reviezv.
The late John Hay represented to the full both theories of genius. He
had capacities so marked and versatile that everything he undertook was
done with a kind of divine ease, and he had a special training so laborious
and protracted that his success might be accounted for as the result of
sheer application. What distinguishes him from a score of illustrious
predecessors in the state department is a certain literary, or, if one will,
artistic quality of his temper. — New York Evening Post.
John Hay's mind was broad and receptive. It possessed many quali-
ties and one gift— that of poetry. — Hartford Courant.
He stands forth among two or three men who have dictated world
policies and changed the probable course of history. — Waterbury
JOHN HAY 357
The foremost diplomatist of his day. ... If there be gratitude in
China, the man who was its best friend will be mourned there. — Chicago
Attaining the highest eminence, he rose, as far as the world knew,
■without a single detractor, the embodiment in private as in public life of
honor not alone unstained but always unquestioned. — New York Globe.
The spiritual side of Mr. Hay is shown in a Christian Endeavor hymn
he wrote a few years ago— a hymn as full of faith and reverence as the
most exacting creed could demand. — Baltimore Sun.
His speeches were classics. His informal fellowship with the best life
of the nation was rich in the charms of ripe culture, keen wit and a poet's
fancy. Every phase of life which he touched felt the spell of his person-
ality and the power of his vaX^W^oX.— Cleveland Leader.
The loss of such a pilot is a grievous loss at such a time, and it will not
be easy to fill his place with one who will inspire the same absolute trust.
Contemporary estimates frequently fail to stand the test of history, but
Mr. Hay's fellow-citizens long ago accorded him a rank, in point of diplo-
matic efficiency, with the three greatest of the long line of secretaries of
state— with John Quincey Adams, with Daniel Webster and William H.
Seward. — New York World.
In London he distinguished himself by the literary and scholarly grace
of the addresses he was called upon to deliver, a grace that was not effaced
nor even dimmed by contrast with the then recent performances of James
Russell Lowell in the same kind. * * * It is not exaggeration
to apply to him the poets words of the man "whose life in low estate
began," and who
Moving up from higher to higher,
Becomes, on Fortune's crowning slope,
The pillar of a people's hope.
The centre of a world's desire.
— New York Times.
Mr. Hay did not, because he could not, resort to the methods which are
so often necessary to win high political place, and the honors that were
bestowed upon him in the later years of his life came as a result of his
attainments and fitness. — Boston Herald.
His intellectual powers were of the best order ; his character was strong
and stable. His abilities were many sided ; on all sides good and some
great. — Boston Transcript.
358 THE SHIELD
A FRATERNAL TRIBUTE IN VERSE
The world will miss thee, dear John Hay,
Thy counsel in the court of Kings,
Thy statesman touch 'mong diplomats,
Thy words which left no baneful stings.
Peace was thy mission, well performed,
Yet fearless under War's alarm ;
The nations halted on the heights
And listened in magnetic charm.
The eloquence of subtle song.
The inspiration of your Muse,
The deathless words which thrilled the heart,
With dawn of day or Hesper dews.
The world will not forget thee. Hay,
While human hearts for merit beat ;
The trend of nations is for Peace,
The onward march has no retreat.
And she who loved thee best of all
Will wait by sea and city home.
And vainly listen for your tread.
And wish her hero could but come.
The circle of the hearth has lost
Its band which made life's joy elate.
Ah ! what can heal heart wounds but Time,
When sorrows fall with sudden weight ?
Our Prater band will miss thee, too,
In banquet hall where Charges meet,
Thy smiles fraternal and the charm
Which springs from honest grasp and greet.
Ere nations learned to know thy worth.
When manhood was not yet in prime,
The Theta Delts thy name enrolled,
And listened to thy odes sublime.
Transferred to some imperial sphere
Where grander work can still be done,
Thy spirit in its onward march
No doubt lives in some central sun.
I,et College bells be muffled now,
And toll the requiem of a Friend ;
Our wreath in immortelles above
Thy bier its endless form shall bend.
JOHN HA Y 359
Pass to the Friendship of the skies,
On Mount Olympus 'rnons^ the stars ;
The arrows of thy life are spent,
Thy earthly fame no blemish mars.
We drape the altar of each Charge
To mourn thy absence from our Halls,
But keep the Theta tapers lit
For one fond memory oft recalls.
Alvaro F. Gibbens, Pi '60.
JOHN HENRY ALTSCHU
Probably the best, the completest man — as worldly perfection
and completeness go — ever initiated into the Chi Deuteron Charge
was Brother John Henry Altschu. That event occurred on
November 22, 1897, while he was in his junior year, and from
the start he took that leading part in the charge's affairs, evinced
that intense loyalty to our Fraternity's principles, and manifested
that deep, unselfish love towards his fellow members, which grew
to distinguish him in later years as an ideal brother in Theta
Imagine, then, the shock to Chi Deuteron, when at midnight
on Saturday, July 8, the news was flashed from St. Louis that
Brother Altschu had been drowned that afternoon while canoeing
on the Merrimac River ! The brothers were loth to believe it,
but the news was only too true. With sad hearts they met at
the Fraternity house to discuss the event and to make their
arrangements for the funeral.
The body was brought from St. Louis by Brother George G.
Chase, Chi Deuteron, 1900, Mr. S. B. McPheeters and Mr.
Benjamin Weir, the latter having been with Brother Altschu at
the time of the accident but having succeeded in swimming to
shore. Washington was reached at 8:30 o'clock on the morning
of Tuesday, July 11, and the remains were taken to the resi-
dence of Brother Altschu' s parents, Mr. and Mrs. Louis P.
Altschu, 2007 "G" Street, Washington, Northwest, where the
funeral services were held at four o'clock the same afternoon.
Rev. Robert M. Moore, pastor of Foundry M. E. Church,
was in charge of the services and was assisted by Rev. R. Reese
Murray of Union Methodist Church. Mr. Moore paid a glowing
tribute to the memory of Brother Altschu and at the end of his
address, it being the desire of the family that the Fraternity rites
should be carried out in full. Brother James MacBride Sterrett,
D.D., Chi, '67, was introduced and read the impressive burial
service of our Fraternity. The Chi Deuteron Graduate Associa-
tion and the Chi Deuteron Charge were largely represented at
the funeral and during the reading of the ritual formed a circle
JOHN HENRY ALTSCHU.
Chi Deuteron, '99.
JOHN HENR Y AL TSCHU 36 1
about the bier. At the close of the service a large Omega of
fleecy whiteness was laid upon the casket, and while the brothers
still remained standing in their places, Brother Van A. Potter
sang with much feeling and sympathy the two verses of the
Fraternity invocation :
Alpha, thou morning ray,
Omega, close of day,
We rest in thee.
The eflfect was beautiful and formed a fitting close to the service.
The pall bearers were Brothers vStanton C. Peelle, Chi Deu-
teron, '99, George G. Chase, Chi Deuteron, '00, Harry T.
Domer, Chi Deuteron, '00, Rastus R. Norris, Chi Deuteron, '03,
and Messrs. George C. Todd, a fellow student in the Columbian
Law School, and S. B. McPheeters, a law associate in St. Louis.
The interment at Oak Hill Cemetery was private.
The sudden death of Brother Altschu cut short a career of
unusual promise. He was admitted to the bar in St. Louis three
years ago and became associated with the law firm of Seddon and
Blair, latter Seddon and Holland, and under the firm's patronage
was building up a practice of steadily increasing proportions.
He was born October 19, 1876, in Washington, D. C. He
passed through all the grades of the public schools of that city
and graduated from the Central High School with the classes of
'94 and '95, receiving two diplomas. He was also a member of
the cadet regiment for three years. After leaving the high
school he entered the college department of the Columbian Uni-
versity, now the George Washington University, and graduated
in 1899 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In the fall of '99
Brother Altschu entered the law school of the same university
and graduated in 1902 with the degree of Bachelor of Laws.
For two years he was assistant librarian of the law library. He
was admitted to the bar of the District of Columbia immediately
after graduation, and then, having decided to practice his profes-
sion in the western states, went to Springfield, Ohio, and passed
the bar examination for that state, but finally located in St.
Louis, where he was also admitted to the bar and where he
remained up to the time of his death.
362 THE SHIELD
As a fraternit}^ man Brother Altschu was a power. He was
a believer in the principles of our order and he made them a part
of his life. His was a high conception of what Theta Delta Chi
stood for ; for great-hearted friendship, yes, — but for pure-
minded, whole-souled ?«a«-ship as well. He loved his fraternity,
he loved his charge. There was nothing mean or ignoble in
him ; everything was clear-cut, straightforward, true. He had
no part in faction. He considered the good of the whole charge ;
he reached his decision independently ; and, his stand once
taken, nothing could budge him from it. This made him a
leader through and through ; this made him a counsellor to be
trusted and respected ; and it also explains why, even in private
affairs, the brothers would go to him for his advice and assist-
ance. He was always ready to giv^e both. A brother's welfare
was his own.
And that same sympathy, that same high ideal, the same
strength and the same influence, he carried into the wider affairs
of life. He kept the fountains of his mind and his heart and his
soul always pure, making the stream of life, therefore, one of
sparkling clearness, one of refreshing vigor, whose influence
ennobled and inspired all that it touched. He never outgrew
the home ; he was distinctly domestic in his tastes and habits.
He never outgrew the church ; he had an inherited trust in God
which suffered no diminution as the years rolled on.
And with all this strength and purity there was no loss of
joy and mirth and goodfellowship. He was most companionable,
bubbling over with fun, his hearty laugh or sly twinkle of the
eye punctuating many a joke ; fond of music, gathering the boys
about the piano for a rousing song to Theta Delta Chi ; in for all
sorts of larks, but an absolute abstainer from every dissipation.
He never smoked and he never drank. He was a devotee of
outdoor sports, particularly of tennis and rowing, but found
nothing quite so attractive as taking long walks, into the country
if possible, if not, then through the city. A deep student rather
than a brilliant one, Brother Altschu had to dig for what he got,
but, once mastered, it became a part of him. And this trait
grew to be characteristic and entered into all his activities,
JOHN HENR Y AL TSCHU 363
making him self-reliant, patient, persevering, aggressive, and
He heard the command of the Apostle which saith, "Quit
you like men ; be strong. ' '
Harry T. Domer,
Chi Deuteron, 1900
MU DEUTERON ANNIVERSARY
The Twentieth anniversary of the founding of Mu Deuteron at Amherst
has come and gone and its celebration has left the chapter stronger, its
members, past and present, prouder and happier.
The success of the reunion was largely due to Brother Leonard Diehl
who, as chairman of the committee of arrangements, did yeoman service.
From the very first of the year his enthusiastic, stimulating letters had
been going to all the members of Mu Deuteron to persuade them to come
back to their Alma Mater and the "Old Home Week" of the chapter. He
was ably supported by Brother Arthur J. Hopkins of the advisory committee
and by Brother Hari-y S. Bullock, who as usual had his shoulder to the
wheel for Mu Deuteron and Theta Delta Chi. The undergraduates in the
Charge also took hold with a will.
As a result of their combined efforts seventy-five brothers — of the
nearly 200 who have belonged to Mu Deuteron — sat down at the banquet
and several others were present at the luncheon or during Commencement
Week. All eight members of the original eighty-five delegation returned*
The program consisted of a smoker Tuesday, June 27, 12 to i o'clock ;
6 p. M. , reception to the alumni ; 9, banquet followed by meetings of the
corporation ; and Alumni Association ; and a hearty welcome and good fellow-
ship all the time.
The smoker was a pleasing, informal affair, after which the accompany-
ing photograph was taken on the front steps of the Chapter house. At the
reception later, several of the Mu Deuteron wives received and the fra-
ternity was honored by the presence of Sir Chenung Liang Cheng, the
The banquet was held in our own house, — an innovation which was
greatly appreciated by all. The toast list read as follows :
Toastmaster — Brother Paul C. Phillips.
Theta Delta Chi— Brother Rudolf Tombo.
First Days of Mu Deuteron — Brother Edward A. Tuck.
Fraternity — Brother Warren J. Burke.
Mu Deuteron Alumni Association — Brother Harry S. Bullock.
Mu Deuteron Corporation — Brother Nathan P. Avery.
Mu Deuteron — Brother Walter W. Palmer.
It was a matter of regret that Brothers Tombo and Bullock were unable
to be present. They sent congratulatory letters, however. Brother Tuck
represented '85 on the toast list but each of the eight was called on, and
later they all stood up and were admired as the "daddies of the chapter.'.
JUST GOSSIP 365
During the evening letters or telegrams of good will were read from Brother
Cole of the grand lodge, Brother Harstrom and Brother Clay Holmes who
was president when Mu Deuteron was started. It was a great pleasure also
to have at the banquet Brother Vaughn, of Omicron Deuteron, who helped
to initiate the charter members.
The corporation meeting which came after the banquet showed the
Charge to be on a sound financial basis as reported by Brother Avery, Presi-
dent, and Brother Charles Walker, Treasurer.
The Alumni Association, Brother Hopkins, President, reported satis-
factory progress being made and the members being bound more closely to
The charter members of Mu Deuteron who returned — some of them for
the first time— to this reunion found in place of inadequate rented quarters
in Cook's block an excellent fraternity house v^orth |i5,ooo equipped with
baths, reading rooms, library, and all that, but best of all a lot of fellows
who had fulfilled the hopes and expectations of the founders and were well
represented in all the various college activities, a fraternity the acknowl-
edged peer of any in the college.
With the perspective of twenty years and consequently a saner and
more discriminating judgment they pronounced the progress good. Prob-
ably the grand lodge as it looks at the year 1885 and again at 1905 will feel
that they made no mistake.
We are sincerely sorry for those who were unable to get back to the
twentieth reunion of Mu Deuteron but are sure they will join us in the
battle cry of the next five years ''All out for the 25th."
Partial list of members who came back : '85 Brothers Sherman, Tuck,
Hopkins, Smith, Morris, Dean, Woodward and Palmer; '86 Young; '87
Hancell, Myrick ; '88 Baker, Riggs, Phillips, Burnap ; '89 Crowell, Cham-
berlain ; '90 Reynolds ; '91 Avery ; '92 Pierce, Fairley, Hitchcock ; '93
Cole; '95 Lane, Ranson, Breck, Bell, Kelley, Bliss; '96 Porter, Jump,
Woodworth, Adams ; '97 Crawford, Merriam ; '99 Flaherty, Bedford, C. W.
Walker, Blair, A. M. Walker, Hatch, Marsh ; '99 Dudley ; '01 Hatch ; '02
Barber, Burke, Bryant ; '03 Stevens ; '04 Fitts, Lund, Brown.
Paui, C. Phili^ips
^3*' ft^^ ^*
Theta Delta Chi at Bowdoin celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of its
establishment last June with befitting ceremonies, and ushered in a new era
of material prosperity by dedicating an attractive Charge House just com-
pleted from plans and specificatians made under the supervision of a
Building Committee of graduates. The house has one of the finest locations
about the college, at the corner of Main and McKeen Streets, directly
366 THE SHIELD
opposite the campus, and the architect was W. R. Miller of Ivewiston, Me.,
who has successfully planned several other chapter houses at Brunswick.
The first floor includes a large and commodious living room, a library,
kitchen, store and serving room and rooms for the steward. A piazza
extends along the sides, facing Main and McKeen Streets.
The second floor contains six suites of rooms for students, besides baths
and lavatories, while the third floor has two suites for students, the lodge
room and necessary ante and other rooms. The basement gives ample
space for the cellar;^ boiler room, etc. , and facilities for billiard and other
rooms. The main hall, dining room and library are finished in clear birch,
also the vestibule and lavatory under the stairs. The kitchen, pantry, back
entry, steward's room and the entire third story are finished in North
Carolina pine. The entire second story is finished in clear gumwood. A
fancy window over the seat in the main hall is glazed with opalescent glass.
All the windows in the staircase bay and the windows in the library bay,
are glazed with leaded stained glass.
There are fire places in the living room, library and dining-hall. The
outside chimney is built from native stone from the adjacent sea-shore. The
fire places and mantles are made from special drawings and are of great
The plans and style of architecture were selected and developed with
great care and are not surpassed in convenience or beauty by any building
of the kind at Bowdoin. The Building Committee feels that the house
should be a source of pride to every brother in Eta. It is hoped to publish
a cut of the house in the December Shield.
The house represents the organized efforts of the Theta Delta Chi
Chapter House Corporation, which w^as organized May 25, 1901, for the
purpose of building a house for Eta, and pursued that purpose with celerity
and wisdom. Its present officers are ; President, Philip Dana ; Vice-Presi-
dent, Llewellyn Barton ; Treasurer, Wilmot B. Mitchell ; Clerk, Levi
Turner ; Directors, the above, and F. J. C. Little and L. H. D. Weld. The
graduates are further organized under the name of the Chapter House
Association of the Eta Charge of Theta Delta Chi, with a membership of
over fifty. Brother Levi Turner is the shrewd financial head of the under-
taking, and with him at the helm there is small danger of shipwreck.
At the anniversay banquet in the new dining room, on the occasion of
the Dedication, ringing speeches were delivered by Brothers Levi Turner,
'87, Llewellyn Barton, '84, Rev. H. A. Jump, Freemont, J. C. Little, '89,
Rev. E. C. Newbegin, '91, Ayers M. Edwards, '80, Ernest W. Bartlett, '80,
Wilmot B. Mitchell and others. Brother George Brinton Chandler, '90, of
New York City acted as toastmaster "and he made a good one too."
Brother Merton L. Kimball, '87, of Norway, Me., read a most interesting
and ably written history of the Fraternity at Bowdoin. The revel of speech
and song was prolonged to the break of day and the three score odd grave
graduates who were in attendance took up the homeward trail pronouncing
JUST GOSSIP 367
the first reunion in the new house one of the very best ever had. The
undergraduates executed a pleasant surprise when they presented each of
the directors of the Corporation with a neat fraternity scarf pin.
On the whole the spirit of Theta Delta Chi is eager, uncorrupt and
effervescent at the eastern outpost.
e^^ c^* ^*
PUBLICATION OF MASTERPIECES OF "OLD FATE"
A noteworthy addition to the Fraternity library will be the attractive
little volume soon to appear under the joint editorship of Brothers Edward
Van Winkle, Rho Deuteron, '00, and Norman Hackett, Gamma Deuteron,
'98, "Some Poetry and Prose, by Nathan La Fayette Bachman." The pub-
lisher's foreword, which has been widely distributed throughout the Fra-
ternity in the form of a leaflet is as follows :
SOME POETRY AND PROSE BY NATHAN TA FAYETTE BACHMAN
Fl^ATIRON BUII.DING, MaDISON SOUARE,
New York, October i, 1905
Dear Brother :
By all members of the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity, the name of Nathan
I,a Fayette Bachman, or "Old Fate" as he was called, is revered with af-
fectionate pride. The good he accomplished for the Fraternity while Pres-
ident of the Grand Lodge can never be fully estimated, and it should always
be a pleasure to any Theta Delt to honor his memory. As you well know,
he was a prolific writer and poet of unusual ability, but owing to the fact
that he wrote exclusively for newspapers, his writings aud poems have ap-
peared only in press form, and are consequently not generally accessible.
His fame was almost exclusivelj' confined to California where he resided for
many years, though several of his poems were so widely published and ap-
preciated that they have been accorded a place among the classics of Ameri-
can literature by eminent critics.
With a desire to honor his ability and memory and chiefly to collect
the best things from his pen into tangible form as a contribution to our
Fraternity literature, we beg to announce an edition de Luxe of some of his
poetry and prose and to solicit a subscription from you for one of the
books. We are editing and publishing the book ourselves in order to save
the expense of a publishing house, and intend to devote the profits to a
memorial scholarship to "Old Fate," — his son Harry, who will enter college
in two years, to be the beneficiary. We hope this worthy object will doubly
commend the idea to you and that we may have your hearty approval
The book will be artistically and handsomely bound in flexible leather,
including an engraving of "Fate" and an original title page in two colors.
The price we have fixed at one dollar and twenty-five cents per copy.
The first edition will be limited to five hundred, numbered consecutively.
We advise a prompt reply in order that you may be sure of securing one.
They will be allotted in the order in which the checks are received.
368 THE SHIELD
Kindly fill out carefully the enclosed check on your bank, with shipping
directions, writing plainly, and enclose in the return envelope at once so
that your order may be placed on file.
We hope to have the publication ready by November first, and call at-
tention to the fact that it will make a most attractive and desirable Christ-
Ver}' fraternally yours,
Edward Van Winki,e
t^* t^* ^^
THE HAY LYRIC GENIUS
Our gifted Brother Hay maintained a constant intimacy with the glee-
ful muse, for all his sober occupation, and this redounded to the benefit of
Theta Delta Chi in the form of a pair of perfect specimens of joy-inspired
verse composed in the late Secretary's younger days, and dedicated in fact
and in sentiment to his Fraternity. These verses have ridden the chorus of
many a lusty revel of Theta Delts, and will continue as favorite feasting
songs so long as our order shall endure ; but they also have a charm for the
quiet and attentive reader which springs from their aspiring thought and
fresh and refined diction irrespective of the accompaniment of harp, cymbal
and vibrant breath, so we here reprint them. The stanzas are taken from a
time-scarred pamphlet which drifted into the Editor's den a short time
since, and which contains several of our Fraternity's greatest literary treas-
ures. This pamphlet was published in 1873 under the auspices of Chi
Charge as a forerunner of the catalogue of '73 and to preserve the masterful
addresses of Brothers Spahn, Brougham and Burdge at the twenty-fifth
annual Convention banquet in the Metropolitan Hotel, New York City,
February 21, 1873, — an occasion which stands out in the past of the Frater-
nity for its dignity and the excellence of the post-prandial entertainment.
These addresses consist of an oration by the first-named beloved "Jake"
Spahn, — eloquent joy of so many a fraternal gathering, who came to such
a tragic and untimely death in the Park Avenue Hotel fire on the night of
the 1901 Convention banquet, — entitled "Reminiscences of College Life ;"
of the famous poem by the talented Brother John Brougham, "The Age of
Gold," closing :
What is the mystic power that can compel
Such joy as this? 'Tis Friendship's sacred spell —
Friendship ! that death's keen arrow cannot quell.
For while the eternal stars night's purple robe
' Begem, while swings in space the pendent globe.
Friendship must live. Ah ! may its impulse high
Still guide and guard the Theta Delta Chi.
and of an authoritative discourse on "The Origin and Founders of the
Theta Delta Chi" by Brother Franklin Burdge, sterling son of Zeta. Asa
supplement to these stately works are added a collection of songs, probably
those used at the banquet, among which are the two by Brother Hay which
JUST GOSSIP 369
FILL UP YOUR BLUSHING GOBLETS
i^iR — ''Benny Havens, C>/"
Fill up your blushing goblets
Till the bubbles kiss the brim,
We'll drink and shout our chorus out
Till waning stars are dim ;
We'll sing a name which lights to flame
The luster in each eye,
And brings a flush to every brow,—
'Tis Theta Delta Chi.
O, 'tis Theta Delta Chi, 'tis Theta Delta Chi ;
And brings a flush to every brow— 'tis Theta Delta Chi.
Drive Plutus hence, let Bacchus here
Assert his joyous sway ;
Shout owlish wisdom into fear,
Let care infest the day ;
We'll drink until the tipsy stars
Wink in the glimmering sky ;
Time fleets away, let youth be gay,
In Theta Delta Chi.
And if, perchance, one sadder line
May mingle with the strain.
For those, the lost, whose loving voice
We ne'er shall hear again,
Let this rejoice the heavy heart.
And light the dimming eye.
The gates of Eden are not closed
To Theta Delta Chi.
Then fill your goblets till the wine
Shall kiss the blushing brim.
Till morn is red, and night is dead.
And stars are waning dim.
Stir up the lagging steeds of Time,
And speed them as they fly.
We'll pledge this night to pure delight.
And Theta Delta Chi.
O, 'tis Theta Delta Chi, 'tis Theta Delta Chi ;
We'll pledge this night to pure delight, and Theta Delta Chi.
370 THE SHIELD
ZETA SHOUTS HER CHORUS
Air — ^^ Sparkling and Bright.^''
The hand's warm clasp, when brothers grasp,
No earthly power can sever ;
And a brother's love, all change above,
Shall cling to the heart forever.
Then laugh and sing, ere Time can fling
His chilling shadow o'er us ;
L,et young delight put care to flight,
With Zeta's ringing chorus.
The sacred chain shall our hearts retain
In its links of fond devotion.
While brims each soul, like the blushing bowl.
With the wine of warm emotion.
Each spirit keep, in memory deep.
Our motto's mystic beauty ;
Let it shine afar like a pilot star.
O'er the holy path of duty.
And thus each day shall glide away,
In bliss to perfect ending ;
Aud life be bright with a rainbow light,
Of tears aud sunshine blending.
Old Time shall fly more merrily by.
When joy has plumed his pinions,
Aud not a shade from his wings be laid
On love and youth's dominions.
Then laugh and sing ; Time ne'er can fling
His baneful shadow o'er us.
While hope is bright and our hearts are light
And the Zeta shouts her chorus.
It is interesting here to note how the Hay genius has descended. The
September Harper's remonstrates with its readers, from the "bookshelf"
in the following vein :
The poet sees things in the abstract, and his verse is the product of a
certain elevation of thought ; but in this busy age it would seem that our
minds are for the most part taken up with the concrete things that natu-
rally find expression in prose, and few are able to attain sufficient serenity
and detachment from every-day affairs to cultivate the poetic vision or
JUST GOSSIP 371
even to read the poems which others have written. It would seem worth
while, however, to make a special effort to secure a period of quietude for
the enjoyment of such poetry as Helen Hay Whitney has produced in Son-
nets and Songs. Mrs. Payne Whitney is the daughter of John Hay, Secre-
tary of State, and her literary ability is well known. She will be remem-
bered as the author of The Hose of Dawn and other poetical works. In
the present collection the sonnets are particularly worthy of commenda-
tion. In this graceful but difficult verse-form Mrs. Whitney writes with
entire naturalness and ease, and each verse is a perfect and symmetrical
expression of a thought or a mood. One would not wish a word added to
or subtracted from any one of them, and this ideal completeness of ex-
pression gives deep satisfaction to the lover of poetry. Undoubtedly many
persons will find among these verses some which will seem to contain the
final and sufficient setting forth of ideas which they themselves have long
THE "36" CLUB DINNER
Through mischance the first of what are to be annual meetings and
banquets of the "36" Club, under which name the members of the former
Epsilon Deuteron Charge have formed an Alumni Association, which was
held Tuesday evening, February 21, at Muschenheim's Arena, West 31st
Street, New York City, has till now been unreported.
At the business meeting, immediately before the dinner, Jack Hess,
'98, was elected President of the Club and L. R. Hopton, '96, and H. C.
Jackson, '96, were chosen as Secretary and Treasurer, respectively, for the
ensuing year. There were twelve out of the thirty-four members of the
Club present and as this was the "First" dinner, it forecasts that next year
a larger number will undoubtedly be present.
The banquet table was prettily decorated with greens and cut flowers,
and at each place was a small silk Yale flag and boutonnie of violets,
while on the wall back of the President's chair hung one of the oaken Epsi-
lon Deuteron shields of Theta Delta Chi.
All did full justice to the good things placed before them in the shape
of things eatable and drinkable, and the evening passed merrily with
reminiscences and song. Letters were read from many of the absent mem-
bers, regretting their inability to be present and sending "best wishes,"
and a telegram of "greeting" was also sent by the Yale Theta Delts at
dinner in New York to their brother Theta Delts at Convention banquet in
The names of those present are as follows : Burton D. Blair, '91 ; Her-
man D. Clark, '93 ; A. J. Gilmour, '95 ; H. C. Jackson, '96 ; L. R. Hopton,
'96; A. G. Hiipfel, '96; D. B. Deming, '97 ; Richard Krementz, '98 ; James
Hess, '98 ; Fred R. Jourdan, '99 ; J. W. Gannon, '99 ; H. W. Russ, '00.
372 THE SHIELD
RESOLUTIONS OF NEW YORK GRADUATE ASSOCIATION
At a meeting of the officers of the New York Graduate Association of
Theta Delta Chi held at No. 56 Broadway, Thursday, July 6, 1905, the
following resolutions were presented by Colonel William L. Stone, the His-
torian of that body, and on motion were unanimously adopted.
Whereas, It has pleased the Almighty, in his inscrutable Providence,
to remove unto Himself our Brother, Colonel John Hay ; therefore, be it
Resolved, That in the death of Brother Hay, our country has lost the
greatest Secretary of State it has ever had ; that literature has been de-
prived of one of its brightest ornaments ; and that the Fraternity of
THETA DELTA CHI mourns one of her most beloved, esteemed and
loyal members ;
Resolved, That the following saddening yet hopeful lines written by
our Brother shortly after his initiation into the Zeta Charge of our Brother-
hood, and while an undergraduate of Brown University, are, at the pre-
sent time particularly applicable :
"And if, perchance, one sadder line
May mingle with the strain.
For those, the lost, whose loving voice
We ne'er shall hear again ;
Let this rejoice the heavy heart.
And light the dimming eye ;
The Gates of Eden are not closed
To Theta Delta Chi."
And, be it further
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, suitably engrossed, be sent
to Mrs. Hay and family.
WiivLis S. Paine,
Homer D. Brookins,
The foregoing resolutions were communicated to Mrs. Hay through a
copy engrossed in the handsomest possible manner in black, white and light
blue, the colors of the Fraternity, the name of John Hay resting in the cen-
ter of the document upon a cloud of purple painted by the artist as a back-
ground. In acknowledgment the following letter dated Newbury, New
Hampshire, July 23, was received by Brother Willis S. Paine.
"I am writing at the request of my mother, Mrs. John Hay, to thank
you for your letter of the 21st of July and to say that while she appreciates
the kind thought which prompts you to make the suggestion of a monu-
ment to be erected by the Theta Delta Chi Society in memory of my father,
she does not think it desirable to have it done as she is sure that it would
not be in accordance with the invariable rule of his life to shun publicity
as much as possible.
JUST GOSSIP 373
My mother also wishes me to ask you to convey her thanks to the
officers of the New York Graduate Association of Theta Delta Chi for the
resolutions adopted by them and hopes that you will accept for yourself the
sincere appreciation of all your sympathy. I am,
CI.ARKNCE L. Hay
^^ e^^ ft^*
It is believed that the last letter written by Colonel Hay to a member
of the Fraternity is as follows :
"Bad Nauheim, den 22 May, 1905.
Grand Hotei, Kaiserhof
Besitzer : H. Haberland.
Dear Mr. Paine : —
Thanks for your kind letter. There is not a word of truth in the story
you send me. I have improved somewhat, it is true, but I have no inten-
tion of making any visits and am not in condition to make any official or
Thanking you for your kind offer and regretting I cannot take advant-
age of it, I am, with best wishes,
(Signed) John Hay."
It may be added that Colonel Paine received another letter from Colonel
Hay written from the same locality shortly before the foregoing communi-
cation was penned.
GRADUATE CLUB REPORT
The printed report of President Frank N. Dodd, Rho Deuteron, '91,
to the Ninth Annual Meeting of the Graduate Club shows the past has been
a most interesting and successful year of its history. The financial pros-
perity of the Club seems well assured, — a thought pleasing to contemplate, —
and the treasury contains a substantial balance at the end of the fiscal year,
notwithstanding generous expenditures to provide for the pleasure and
comfort of the members.
The report proceeds : "The matter of providing Shield subscriptions
has been actively taken up, and every member is now in regular receipt of
a copy of The Shield, at the expense of the Club. One result of this will
undoubtedly be to bind our membership more closely to the general interests
of the Fraternity at large, by assuring each member of the receipt of its
official organ, and thus enabling them to be familiar with all current mat-
ters of fraternal interest. On the other hand, the constant support derived
by The Shield from the subscriptions of an organization, the numbers of
374 ^-^^ SHIELD
whose membership may be considered as approximately 200, cannot fail to
be most heartily welcomed by those responsible for the prosperity of The
vShieIvD. I conceive it to be a prime duty of every graduate organization
in our Fraternity to render this assistance in establishing and rendering
secure and permanent this most important institution of our Fraternity. * *
"The Entertainment Committee has had in charge the organized re-
unions of the Club. The birthday smoker was held this year on June 4th,
the regular day having fallen on Sunday ; it was a general meeting of mem-
bers and friends at the Club rooms ; refreshments were provided, and with
song and story an enjoyable evening was spent until a late hour."
"In place of the other smokers which we have had in former years, it
was decided this winter to try the experiment of having monthly dinners,
under the direction of the Entertainment Committee, held the first Friday
of every month. Several of these have already been given ; they have
been very enjoyable, and well attended, the total number of brothers
present being thoroughly representative of the whole resident membership
of the Club.
"It has always been a profession of our Club that we are not merely
local, but aim to be a thoroughly representative body of Theta Delts, inter-
ested not only in our own organization, but in everything which is of inter-
est to Theta Delta Chi. We believe that the past year shows how we have
made sti'ides in this direction in many ways."
The Club rooms are at 1424 Broadway, and are always open to itinerant
6^' ft^*' ^^
Editor of the Shield : —
I enclose the following from Harper's Weekly thinking it might be of
interest to the Zeta Charge, as Brockmeyer, '55, was a loyal Theta Delt and
a college mate of Hay and myself.
The last paragraph, however, is a contemptible slander as Brother
Brockmeyer spoke as good English as any cultivated gentleman.
William L. Stone.
Mt. Vernon, N. Y., September, 1905.
the business of the day
Representative Champ Clark tells of an amusing story in connection
with the inauguration of Thomas T. Crittenden as Governor of Missouri, a
ceremony attended with more frills than any other in the State since the
According to Mr. Clark, there were on this occasion military organiza-
tions and bands galore, and special car-loads of people came from Kansas
City and St. Louis to witness the pageant. Captain Hawley, of St. Louis,
was grand marshal of the day. Lieutenant-Governor Brockmeyer, a quaint
JUST GOSSIP 375
character, was presiding over the Senate ; and as he awaited notice of the
time for the Senate to proceed to the hall of the House of Representatives,
where the two bodies in joint session were to receive the new Governor, he
lolled back in his chair on the President's stand and smoked a big corn-cob
pipe with the utmost nonchalance.
The Senate lobby was crowded, and the Senators were in their seats, on
the tiptoe of expectancy, — for the strains of martial music could be heard
from all directions. At this juncture a figure in a glittering and lirilliant
uniform pushed through the crowd and marched half-way up the aisle.
This was Marshal-of-the-day Hawley. Drawing his sword, he made a pro-
found military salute, and announced with much pomposity :
"Mr. President, the Governor of Missouri and his staff now approach !"
Without removing his pipe from his mouth, Lieutenant-Governor
Brockmeyer responded :
'"Veil, let him come ; dot is vot we are here for." — Harper's Weekly.
(^" t^^ ^^
The Sonntagsblatt der New York Staats-Zeitung of September 3, 1905,
contained an article by Rudolf Tombo, Sr. , father of the ex-president of the
Grand Lodge, on "Amerikanische Studentenverbindungen : Ihre Aufange
und iiberraschende Entwickelung, — Muttervereine und Zweigvereine, —
Pflege der Wissenschaft und Geselligkeit, — Ihr Einfluss auf das Collegele-
ben." Father Tombo under the above formidable title expounds to the
Teutons of New York in their native tongue the history, organization and
influence of the "geheime Gesellschaften" describes their songs and "Abzei-
chen," and naturally makes frequent nse of Theta Delta Chi in illustration.
The article is accompanied by half a dozen pictures, among which are the
"Theta Delta Chi House, Columbia University," "Theta Delta Chi House,
Cornell," the "Old Masonic Lodge, Williamsburg, Va.," where our Con-
vention of 1856 was held, and a representation of The Shield of Theta
Delta Chi. The closing paragraph is with peculiar appropriateness quoted
in this memorial number of The Shield. It reads : "Als der verstorbene
John Hay zum Botschafter in London ernannt war und sich einen Tag vor
seiner Abreise in New York aufhielt, gingen ihm allerhand ehrende Einla-
dungen seitens der Behorden und politischen Clubs fiir den Abend zu. Er
lehnte sie alle ab und verbrachte den Abend mit den jungen Verbindungs-
briidern seiner Fraternity Theta Delta Chi ; die Erinnerung an die Tage
seiner Tugend, da er selbft ein thatiges Mitglied der Verbindung war, gait
ihm hoher als alle Ehrungen der offiziellen Welt."
IM E/ IVI O R I
JOHN HENRY ALTSCHU
Chi Deuteron, 1899
Omega, July 8th. 1905.
Whereas, Our Heavenh^ Father, in his infinite wisdom and infinite
mercy, has seen fit to summon from this earthly life to a grander life of im-
mortality, a brother of our beloved fraternity and of our beloved Charge,
John Henry Altschu, Chi Deuteron, '99; and
Whereas, Brother John Henry Ai,tschu was universally honored
for his purity and nobility of character, respected for his high attainments
and demonstrated ability, and loved with a sincere and deep devotion for
his unvarying kindliness and helpfulness, for his great-hearted, whole-
souled affection towards his brothers, and for his intense loyalty and de-
voted service to the Charge and to the Fraternity ; and
Whereas, The brothers of Chi Deuteron are well nigh stunned by the
terrible blow and by the irreparable loss that has come upon them ; there-
fore, be it
Resolved, That the Chi Deuteron Graduate Association, of which
Brother Altschu was one of the organizers and the first President, and the
Chi Deuteron Charge, in special and joint meeting assembled, do express in
this feeble form their overwhelming sorrow at his untimely death ; and do
convey their heartfelt sympathy to the stricken family ; and be it also
Resolved, That they attend the funeral in a body, and order that the
badge be draped in mourning for a period of thirty days from date hereof ;
and be it furthermore
Resolved, That these resolutions be entered upon the minutes of the
Chi Deuteron Charge and Graduate Association, and that a copy be sent to
the family and to the Shield.
For the Chi Deuteron Graduate Association :
Stanton C. Peelle,
Harry T. Domer, President.
For the Chi Deuteron Charge :
Charles H. Tompkins,
Curtis B. Backus, President.
Washington, D. C, July ioth, 1905.
IN ME MORI AM . 377
JOHN MANNING HARTS
Iota Deuteron, September, 1902
Omega, September 22, 1905
Whereas, Since it has been the will of God to call from this world
our beloved brother, John Manning Harts, we cannot but bow to the decree
of a wisdom superior to our own ; but we desire to express our heartfelt
sense of bereavement, and to extend our sympathy to those by whom our
brother was held dear.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the relatives of
our departed brother, to each of the Charges and to the Shield for publi-
For the Iota Deuteron Charge of Theta Delta Chi :
Albert F, Buchanan, '06,
John M. Redick, '07,
Robert T. Currier, '08.
October loth, 1905
AUGUSTUS SAMUEL MILLER
Omega, September 26, 1905
For .'^S much as it has pleased the Almighty God in his infinite wis
dom to remove from this life our beloved brother, AUGUSTUS Samuel
Miller, be it
Resolved, That in appreciation of his regard for us, and with a sense of
the love and esteem which we had for him in life, and of the loss in having
this brother removed from our midst, we hereby declare our profound sor-
row ; and be it further
Resolved, That we hereby extend to his bereaved family the sincere
sympathy of the members of the Zeta Charge of the Theta Delta Ch
It is moreover the will of the Charge that copies of these resolutions be
sent to his family, and also to the Shield for publication.
For the Zeta Charge.
Frank H. Childs,
George F. Franse.
O R I A L S
J. BOYCE SMITH, Jr. _ _ _
loo Broadway, New York City.
He crowned his lifework by serving as Secretary of the State
with such farsightedyiess of the future and such loyalty to lofty ideas
as to confer lasting benefits 7iot only upo?i our own country, but upon
all the stations of the earth. — Theodore Roosevelt.
The present number of the Shield is in effect a memorial to
John Hay. It is ventured to assert that no other human event
induces such profound questioning as a near death. And the
death of a great national or international public
John Hay character is near to the whole great thinking
world, bringing it to at least a momentary mental
pause, to consider its loss and announce its estimate of the social
value of the lifework ended. Such a great national figure was
the now entombed Secretary of our State, and the late pride and
ornament of our Fraternity. His death caused the nations to halt
and make their appraisment, and the preceding pages show how,
with one accord, they rated both his personality and his works as
rich in the essence of eternity. And the judgment of the fore-
most and best poised man of the period is, that the life departed
'Conferred lasting benefits up07i all the nations of the eaj'thy Eu-
logy is beggarded by this tribute and it would be vain for us
to make a pretence of further praise. We can but commend to our
readers the contributions hereinbefore contained touching Brother
Hay's life, career, and hope of deathless fame.
The gratitude of those in whose hands this number comes
should go out in generous measure to the brothers who by dint
of skilful and self-sacrificing labor have been able to give us such
impressive and detailed pictures of a life
Our Benefactors of commanding interest not alone to the
Fraternity but to the world. A diversity
appears in the respective ages and qualifications of these bene-
factors. Brother Stone put into his portrayal the skill of half a
century of literary habit and an intimate, personal knowledge of
his subject, dating from the time he and Brother Hay were college
mates together and continuing to the hour of death. Thus
Brother Stone was magnificently equipped for his task. It will
better enable our readers to attach to his article its proper value
to state that Brother Stone enjoys a wide distinction in historical
circles as a student and writer of history, being the author of
over twenty works and member of more than fifty literary, his-
torical, and scientific societies. He was, moreover, an editor of
and frequent contributor to the Shield when it was in its early
volumes, and to his high favor with the calm muse, Clio, we owe
the inspired history of the Fraternity which appears in the Me-
morial Volume. Further than this Brother Stone is a most ar-
dent and steadfast Theta Delt, and the Fraternity is fortunate
indeed in the possession of him and in his gift of this late pro-
duct of his talents. Our other benefactor is in the pride and
fulness of youth, but highly endowed, too, with the talent of
true and apt expression, and zealous to hear the call of his Fra-
ternity and satisfy her need. His stately Memorial History of
John Hay is at once a credit to his genius and ambition and a
treasure to the Fraternity, if not to a larger society. Brother
Domer is a Washingtonian lawyer and is thus made intimate
with his subject both by residence and intellectual training.
ft^* C^^ fi^'*
The supreme test of an order is the test of spirituality.
Spiritual potentiality must be an integral part of every structure
38o THE SHIELD
that would command a place among the high things of life.
Theta Delta Chi is not at war with this
The All gathering rule ; and in adopting the cardinal virtues
Omega as the guide and inspiration of her inter-
course, in loudly calling for the apprecia-
tion and pursuit of the ideal by her members, and especially in
her belief in the existence of an Omega Charge does Theta Delta
Chi satisfy the supreme test. Our Friendship is divine, and
triumphs over death ! It bridges the grave ! The chosen of
Theta Delta Chi pass from mortal life to a common and eternal
joy in the Halls of the all-gathering Omega.
"There we shall meet once more,
United as of yore ;
Amid Omega's flowers
Love cannot die."
It is a beautiful and inspiring belief. Few fraternities can
boast of as lofty, — none of a more sublime. It is rich in hope
and comfort and links the present with the past and future as no
other conception could. Never was the fraternity in greater need
of its comfort than at present. Brother Hay has left the Halls
of Zeta. And now comes word that on September 26th from the
same man nourishing shrine the spirit of Brother Augustus S.
Miller, Mayor of Providence, R. I., started on its final journey.
On October nth was flashed the the third sad message that
Brother S. Fred Nixon, Speaker of the New York State Assem-
bly, and a loyal graduate member of the Psi Charge, had suc-
cumbed to death. On these three illustrious fellow-members the
fell scythe-stroke has fallen. But the portals of Omega open to
them ! They have passed through and on, but our beautiful
creed preserves them to the Fraternity still. The triumph of
Death is a barren one. They are not destroyed ; but live,
irrevocably absent, in the celestial fane of our faith, watching
thence over its varying fortune on earth, and waiting to welcome
those who follow after. Live worthily to keep this fortune "con-
stant and ever on the increase," and thus win honor in the Charge
ft^ e^w ft^
A most refreshing communication was recently received from
the newly installed General Secretary of the Iota Graduate Asso-
ciation, which is so full of suggestion and
Problems and so happy a basis for comment that we repro-
Methods duce it in full, as follows :
Dear Brother Smith :
Some four or five weeks ago Brother S. R. Wrightington, Iota, '97, re-
signed his position as general secretary of the Iota Graduate Association,
which he has held since the founding of the association, to me. There are
many points for me to learn before I can get into the running and among
other things I should like to be in close touch with the Shield. In the
June number I saw a request that some graduate might send graduate in-
formation io the Shield editor and I thought that unless some other Iota
graduate was sending information to you that possibly I might be of as-
sistance. You may not know the system employed in our association so I
will tell you something about it.
The general secretary holds his office as long as he wishes, or does his
work, and has full powers. He appoints a graduate secretary for each class
upon graduation and this secretary is supposed to keep in touch with each
member of his class who joins the association.
Four times a year, at stated times, and as often besides as he wishes,
the general secretary writes to the class secretaries giving them Charge and
graduate news which they are to embody in their letters to the men in
their various classes. After writing these letters they notify the general
secretary that the letters have been sent. They also keep him in touch
with the doings of the men to whom they write. At various times during
the year the association gives a Beer Night at the Charge house and in this
way the old graduates are brought together and have an opportunity to
meet the new men of the Charge.
I imagine that it is rather late now for me to give any information for
the next issue of the Shield, but if it is not let me know and I will gladly
send you a few notes.
The night before the Harvard-Yale game we shall have a Beer Night at
the Iota house and shall expect a large number of graduates to be there.
We shall be glad to see any Brothers who are coming on for the same and
will give them a welcome if they will drop in.
You doubtless go to the Graduate Club in New York frequently and if
you will put up a notice in the club rooms to the effect that Brothers will
be welcomed in Cambridge the night before the game you will be doing me
Believe me, fraternally yours,
Ernst M. Parsons, '03,
1002 Paddock Building, Boston.
382 THE SHIELD
The first thought which rises is of commendation for Iota
for the thorough and systematic way in which she is organizing
and unifying her graduate membership. We doubt if any other
Charge can show as fine and effective a system. It is worthy of
close study and imitation by the graduates of other Charges. The
matter of graduate organization b}'- Charges is one respecting
which the Shiei<d has felt and expressed itself quite strongly of
late, and such a report as the above from Iota must call forth our
hearty endorsement and felicitations. Again we take occasion to
express the view that this matter is of prime iinporta^ice to the
present and future of the Fraternity, and to urge immediate
thought and action among the alumni of all Charges on this sub-
ject of graduate organization, — inauguration of a government or
the perfection of an existing organization. The local strength of
Theta Delta Chi depends largely upon the Charge Graduate Asso-
The second point for favorable, and we hope resultful, com-
ment, is on the words "I should like to be in close touch with
the Shield. In the June number I saw a request that some
graduates might send information to the Shield editor and I
thought that unless some other Iota graduate was sending infor-
mation to you that possibly I might be of assistance." This in-
dication of interest in the Shield and proffer of assistance nat-
urally meets with our unqualified approbation and is heartily
recommended for widespread emulation. But with all the earn-
estness at our command we urge that Iota and all other Graduate
Associations take a decisive step y«r///«?r in the same direction.
The precise direction and locus ad quo of this step we have al-
ready pointed out more than once. Our adjuration is simply that
all graduate associations make provision to supply their members
regularly with the Shield. The immediate benefits that would
result to the Fraternity if this plan were carried out are un-
deniable and its virtue and practicability have been put to the
test and have issued forth triumphant. We fling forth a general
challenge to produce at this time any other suggestion for the
Fraternity's good that is at once so simple and so fraught with
possibilities, — aye certainties, — of benefit. Let, then, the local
powers consider the matter at their next convocation, make rules
embodying the suggested reform and communicate with the busi-
ness manager. The New York Graduate Club, a typical and
representative graduate body, has by special arrangement been
supplying its members with the Shield for some time past. We
call attention to the annual report of the president of that asso-
ciation summarized earlier iu this number wherein is expressed
his opinion of the wisdom and advantages of the move. The
Chi, Rochester, Xi, Rho Deuteron and several other associations
enumerate the regular receipt of the Shield among the privileges
of membership. It is the logical and orderly solution of the
problem of Shield support. And to all these arguments we add
another and a stronger one. It is the argument of dire, material
necessity. The present foundation of the Shield is inadequate
for its support. The condition is becoming really serious. Grad-
uates in general cannot be relied upon to send in their individual
subscriptions and the cost to the volunteer management in time,
and dollars "drumming up" subscriptions is a deplorable and
unnecessary waste, and the returns from this irregular system
are sporadic and meagre. Meanwhile the cost of production is
increasing and higher standards are being set both by the subjec-
tive pressure of our own ambitions and ideals of progress and by
the real and unquestioned journalistic advancement of our rivals.
If Theta Delts want their Shield to continue on a par with the
best fraternity publications it behooves them to heed this warn-
ing. The Shield must be put on a more stable and permanent
basis. The relation of the Shield to the organized undergrad-
uates is ideally established. Every one is perforce a subscriber.
But the organized graduates pause before the way to fraternal
unity and devotion and cast lingering and reluctant looks down
the broad path of individualism and indifference. We say that
this is shortsighted and inconsiderate ; — inconsiderate of their
duty to lend organized support to a volunteer management which
is carrying on a difficult fraternity work with the labor of the
task as a sole reward ; — shortsighted in not appreciating the need
of every Theta Delt for the Shield as a reminder of his allegiance
and as tinder to the spark of his devotion. "I should like to be
in close touch with the Shield." So would every member
beneath whose jeweled emblem beats a true Theta Delt heart. Or
consider the following :
384 THE SHIELD
Hudson, Wis., September 8th, 1905.
Mr. H. K. McCann, Elizabeth, N. J.
Dear Brother. — The Convention copy of "The Shield of Theta
Delta Chi" was on my desk when I returned from vacation a week since.
I believe you are right that I cannot afford to do without "the story of
Brother Ha3''s career." Hence the enclosed dollar for a year's subscription
beginning with September issue.
Very truly j-ours in Theta Delta Chi.
C. T. Burnley.
The graduates want the Shield, and it is good for the Fra-
ternity that they should have it. The graduate associations
ought to put it in their hands, each and every one. The asso-
ciations say : "We can't afford to buy the Shield for our mem-
bers from the present dues for fear of depleting our treasury for
local needs ; and we can't afford to raise our dues for fear of di-
minishing our membership." In rejoinder we suggest that good
Theta Delts can ill afford to be without the Shield and graduate
associations can ill afford to be without good Theta Delts. Their
defense savors strong of the age-old error of him who built his
soul a pleasure house only to find his soul had fled. It is high
time the graduate associations woke from the sweet sleep of
apathy and indifference to the Shield in which they have been
e^* c^^ ^^w
This number of the Shield contains the grateful news that
Brothers Norman Hackett and Edward Van Winkle have under-
taken to edit the writings of Brother Nathan L,a Fayette Bach-
man, for publication. The volume will be
The Bachman essentially Theta Delt and the edition of five
riemorial hundred copies will be disposed of exclusively
to subscribers from the Fraternity. The ex-
trinsic details of makeup and price are given elsewhere in this
number, and it is sincerely hoped that all loyal Theta Delts who
are lovers of the beauty of poetry and prose will add the volume
to their library. Subscriptions should be sent to E. Van Winkle,
Flatiron Building, New York City. The returns as reported at
the date of this writing are on the whole encouraging, but there
has not been as yet a proper response from the undergraduates.
The Charge ofl&cers should bring the matter before the active
members at an early meeting. Of course a subscription should
be taken out for each Charge. Besides the merit of the publica-
tion, the object for which it is being issued is an additional com-
mendation. The profits are to be applied to a memorial scholar-
ship for Brother Bachman's son. Nothing more need be said to
those who know, revere and love the grand fraternal figure of
"Old Fate" and those who have not yet learned to do so had
best consult Volume XIX, Number 3 of the Shield, and in fact
nearly every volume before and since.
a^* f^* f^^
It is unfortunate that with each issue we should have to
make apologies for a belated appearance, but there have been un-
usual circumstances which made it morally impossible to avoid
the delay in every case. We look to better this condition of
things in future. It is expected that the work of editing the
Shield will be distributed among a number by a feasible plan,
before the December number comes out, and then a more timely
appearance may be looked for.
C^' t^* ^*
Subscribers, etc., will confer a favor on the Editor and insure
a more prompt and certain attention to their remittances, and
communications respecting subscriptions, if they will recognize
the distinction between the duties of the Editor and those of the
Business Manager and send matter of the nature indicated above
direct to the latter.
The Shield has only one exhortation for the newly initiated
members of the several Charges, and it is, — to delve in the litera-
ture of the Fraternity.
READ THIS !
The importunate appeal for graduate personals made in the last number reached more
than one heedful ear. Items beyond the usual quantity have been sent in, and several of the
remitters signified their willingness to be put upon the list of volunteers from whom regular
contributions miglit be expected. All this is very gratifying and auspicious to the future of
this department. But there are still a few vacancies in the list. We are quite at your mercy
in this all important matter. Graduate Personals, differing in this respect from the mass of
really worthy things, must have an external source. Will you not send in something? Con-
tributions should be directed to J. Boyce Smith, Jr., loo Broadway, New York City. Be a
Frederick E. Wadhams, '73, of Albany, was elected Treasurer of the
American Bar Association at the annual meeting held at Naragansett Pier
C. L. Marx, '78, has an interesting and instructive article in the Sep-
tember Popular Science in which he strongly advocates the desirability of
all educated citizens having some knowledge of engineering principles.
The views of Professor Marx are favored by the Electrical Review.
Ernest AA^. Huffcut, '84, spent the summer in Europe, travelling in
England, Scotland, Belgium, Holland and France. Among other pleasant
experiences were a luncheon at The American Ambassadors at Dorchester
House, lyondon, and a visit to Mr. Carnegie at Skibo Castle, Scotland.
Brother Huffcut has an article on Interference with Contracts and Business
in New York in Number 6, Vol. xviii of the Harvard Law Review of which
reprints were issued. We note also the following evidences of his activity :
The Elective System in Law Schools ; address as president of the Assoc,
of Amer. Law Schools, St. Louis, Sept. 26, 1904. (Report of the Amer.
Bar Assoc, 1904, vol. xxvii, )
Also in the Amer. I,aw .School Review, Jan. -Feb., 1905, vol. i., p. 24S.
chairman. [Proceedings and report of the sub-committee of the
OUR GRADUATES 387
Grievance Committee of the N. Y. State Bar Association in reference to Mr.
Justice Hooker.] (Report of the 2Sth Annual Meeting of the N. Y. State
Bar Assoc, 1905, appendix p. i.)
Arthur H. Vesey, '93, has written a new book "The Clock and the Key"
published by Appleton. The Critic of September, 1905, gives the following
very complimentary review of Brother Vesey's book. "The kind of in-
genuity that this book displays is not very much in fashion nowadays,
which is one reason, perhaps, why it impresses the reader as so fresh and
agreeable. It is mysterious without being sensational, sparkling without
being trashy. And it is as good reading as a book can be that does not pre-
tend to touch the essentials of life or character. There is a romantic ele-
ment, which is very subordinate. It is the mystery of the Venetian clock,
and not the romantic destiny of the American heroine, that keeps the reader
thrilled until the last page."
Hugh F. McQaughey, '93. Winona Daily Republican says, speaking
of Southern Minnesota Medical Association : Dr. Hugh McGaughey of this
city, gave a paper on "Cardiac Complications of Rheumatic Fever."
H. H. Van Tuyl, '96, has entered upon the practice of medicine at 40
Charlotte Ave., Detroit, Mich. His residence is at The Washington, 502
Norman Hackett, '98. The "Wandering Thespian" is being specially
featured this season in support of that sterling favorite, Louis James, with
whom Brother Hackett has been so pleasantly connected on previous thea-
trical tours. "Norm" refused to entertain propositions from Richard Mans-
field and other sagacious managers because of the very favorable contract
offered him by J. J. Coleman, independent manager to Mr. James. He
will play leading roles in Virgi7iuinis, higontar, and Richelieu.
J. F. Echeverria, '84, was recently appointed Secretary of the Treasury
of the Republic of Costa Rica. His father was at one time Secretary of
Arthur D. Wright, '04, spent the summer travelling through New Eng-
land in the interest of his father's tobacco factory. Interspersed with busi-
ness were several pleasant Fraternity visits to the homes of Zeta, Iota and
Kappa, and to a number of individual Theta Delts.
Charles Irving Carey, '05, is principal of the School at Prentis Place,
Portsmouth, Va., which position Brother A. R. W. Mackreth, '04, left to
return to the stafiF of the Richmond Times- Dispatch.
388 THE SHIELD
Thomas N. Laurence, '05, has entered the Theological Seminary at
Alexandria, Virginia, to study for the Episcopal ministry.
Joel C. Rawls, '06, is attending the University College of Medicine, at
George E. Fletcher, '08, has left college to accept a very desirable
position with a concern in Lawrence, Mass., engaged in the manufacture of
Richard Ten Broeck, '01, has been visiting in New York, this summer.
Permanent address, Town Club, Louisville, N. Y.
Franklin Burdge, '56, most loyal aud laboring of Theta Delts, spent
the summer on the continent. A card from Heidelberg to 1424 Broadway,
■dated August loth, bears greetings from F. B. to the Theta Delta Chi Grad-
uate Club, and is characteristic of the sender's constant mindfulness of his
Alexander Meikeljohn, '93. The following appears in a recent issue of
"Dean Meiklejohn who was for many years captain of the Pawtucket
Cricket Club, but was obliged to resign when he became a member of the
Brown faculty, has achieved an enviable reputation as the ablest bowler on
the team. In commenting on his absence this summer the Providence
Journal says that 'with the latter [Dean Meiklejohn] in the game Paw-
tucket is generally looked upon as one of the strongest teams in this part
Qf New England.' Three brothers of the Dean also play on the team."
Fred C. Stevens, '81. The St. Paul Dispatch propounds the question
"who is the best man that the fourth district of Minnesota could send to
represent it in Congress?" It then proceeds to answer its own question :
"In its wisdom the fourth congressional district of Minnesota, for five
terms has sent Fred C. Stevens, and it is not unbecoming to state that
never has this district been represented by one who has rendered it greater
George B. Chandler, representing New York Life Insurance Co., is
engaged with a book publishing house at Hartford, Conn.
Philip M. Palmer, '00, has just been elected assistant professor of
Modern Languages at Lehigh University.
Edward F. Moody, '03, has been ill at his home in Portland with
typhoid. His address in Boston is Technology Chambers.
J. W. Carr, '93, is professor of Germanic Languages and Literatures at
the University of Arkansas.
OUR GRADUATES 389
Frank Wetmore Freeman, '05, Sp., has left the pervading academic
calm of Cambridge to re-enter the realm of frenzied finance. He is with
the prominent banking firm of S. H. P. Pell and Co., 43 Exchange Place,
New York City.
W. H. Wiggin, Jr., '92, spent six weeks on the coast of Maine this
summer recuperating and has now returned to his post on the staff of the
S. R. Wrightington, '97, has been appointed editor of The Green Bag
Randolph Eagan, '08, is on the editorial staff of the Northwestern
Donald Parson, '05, is managing one of the departments of the Youngs-
town Car Mfg. Co., of Youngstown, O.
Prof. Frederick C. Ferry, '91, was married on August 2, 1905, to Miss
Anna Chamberlain in the First Congregational Church, of New Britain,
Conn. Dr. Ferry is professor of mathematics in Williams College, and
dean of the faculty, and the bride and groom will make Williamstown their
Dr. Charles E. Montague, '91, is chairman of the school committee of
Prof. Edward Bartow, '92, formerly of Kansas State University at Law-
rence, Kans., has become professor of chemistry in the University of Illinois,
Urbana, 111. Prof. Bartow had a serious illness from typhoid a year ago,
but has recovered.
Rev. Christopher W. Collier, '92, formerly of Orange, Mass., has ac-
cepted a call to the pastorate of a large Congregational Church in Bangor, Me.
Rev. Edwin W. Bishop, '92, of Concord, N. H., received the degree of
D.D. from Dartmouth College last Commencement.
Rev. William O. Wark, '92, has left Saratoga Springs, N. Y., and is
minister of a church in Whatcom, Wash.
Dr. Ernest N. Wilcox, '93, is practicing at Pleasantville, N. Y,
John P. Huntington, '94, last July became the father of a daughter,
Elizabeth Rogers Huntington, 3d. Brother Huntington's wife has been
seriously ill the past summer but is slowly recovering,
Lieut. Paul M. Goodrich, '94, who was stationed last winter at Fort
Thomas, Ky., left April 18 with the Ninth Regiment U. S. Infantry on a
two years' assignment to the Philippines.
Olcott O. Partridge, '94, has opened a law office at 719-721 Tremont
Building, Boston. Goldmann Edmunds, Iota '95, has offices in the same
Rev. William L. Sawtelle, '94, of P'ulton, N. Y., with his wife, took a
four mouths' trip through Europe last summer.
390 THE SHIELD
John I. ZoUer, '95, who left college in his senior year on account of
illness, received his degree of A. B. nunc pro tunc at Commencement in
1905. He is in business at Little Falls, N. Y.
James Ray Craighead, '95, formerly principal of Lansingburg Academy
at Troy, N. Y., is now at Ithaca, N. Y.
Dr. John A. Sampson, '95, is practicing as a surgeon and gynaecologist
in Albany, N. Y.
Frank M. Williams, '97, professor of chemistry in the Clarkson School
of Technology at Potsdam, N. Y., has recently patented a device for deter-
mining specific gravity.
Dr. Henry C. Taylor, '99, is practicing in Springfield, Mass.
Dr. William H. Beattie, '99, is practicing medicine in Utica, N. Y.
A. Merrick Parker, '02. The Boston Evening Record last July contained
the follovi^ing item about Brother Parker :
"A. M. Parker has been appointed field secretary of Massachusetts
Christian Endeavor Union. He was born at Swampscott in 1876, and re-
ceived his early education there.
In 1898 he entered Williams College and after a year there he entered
the work of the Y. M. C. A. at Brooklyn, N. Y. From there he went to
Worcester and acted as secretary of the boys' department of the Y. M. C. A.
He left Worcester in 1901 to enter into business, but after three years
of business life he was forced by his strong love of work among boys to
re-enter the association work. His re-entrance was made as general secre-
tary of the association in Whitman. For more than a year he has been
successful in that capacity.
Christian Endeavor Work has always appealed to him, and for the past
fourteen years he has been a member of the union. For eight years he
was a member, official, and finally president of the Congregational Society
C. E. at Winchester.
While at Whitman he was a member of the missionary committee of
Bridgewater local union. At Winchester he organized several missionary
study classes and conducted one of them. His wholesouled devotion to
the cause of leading young people to Christ, together with his earnestness
in the work, should make him admirably fitted for his new branch of work
Arthur F. Bassett, '02, is managing an employers' mercantile agency
in Springfield, Mass. His engagement to Miss Rose Kinsman of Spring-
field has been recently announced.
George L. Taylor, '03, is in the real estate business at Great Barrington,
Mass., and is a prominent candidate for the position of clerk of the district
court of southern Berkshire.
John R. Royall, '03, is practicing law in the office of Edwin N. Shepard,
in New York City.
Alvin C. Bacon, '04, has announced his engagement to Miss Bisbee, of
OUR GRADUATES 391
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Brother Bacon is studying at Hartford Theological
John Bridgewater, Jr., '04, is with the J. L. Hanimett Co., 250 Devon-
shire street, Boston, dealers in school supplies.
Edwin F. Gibbs, '04, is with the R. Iv. Perry Co., 60 Commerce street,
Boston, manufacturers of the Samoset and La Reine chocolates.
Clinton Mason, '04, was married recently to Miss Katharine Sykes, of
North Adams, Mass. Edward N. Chase, '04, was best man, and George L.
Taylor, '93, and Alvin C. Bacon and Edwin F. Gibbs, '04, were among the
Abram ZoUer, '04, is at the Harvard L,aw School.
Ernest E. Shepard, '05, is assistant cashier of the Second National
Bank, of Winona, Minn.
Harry T. Watson, '05, captain of last Williams eleven, is coaching the
Hamilton College eleven and taking several courses in the college.
Ralph McLellan, ex-'o6, is studying at Burdett's Business College in
Boston, preparatory to going into business.
Harold E. Nesbitt, '05, is at Harvard Law School.
Wilbur Russell, ex-'oy, is temporarily engaged in civil engineering.
Charles Dow Clark, '95, is with Madam Schumann Heinck this season,
playing principal comedy parts.
Arthur Row, '01, the young man who will play the French porter in
Cousin Billy next season, entertained some friends and their friends in-
formally with new imitations of his devising at one of the Carnegie studios.
His most ambitious work was the supoer scene from Tess of the D' Uber-
villes ; his best, an imitation of Bernhardt. He also reproduced briefly some
of the most individual mannerisms of Coquelin, Ada Rehan, and Ethel
Barrymore, Miss Barrymore's singular voice being excellently duplicated. —
The New York Dramatic Mirror, August 26, 1903.
Orison Swett Marden, '77. A new work by Brother Mardeu has just
been published. It is "The Making of a Man," a series of papers addressed
to youthful readers and combining anecdote and instruction, according to
the accepted models. It is the fourth of the author's "Success Books."
Mr. John C. Ferguson, '86, chief secretary of the Imperial Chinese Rail-
way administration, has received the distinguished honor of a decoration
from the Emperor of Japan, in recognition of his services in connection
with the treaty between Japan and China which was signed Oct. 8, 1904.
Dr. Ferguson was attached to the Treaty Commission and was chiefly re-
sponsible for the English text of the Treaty. The Treaty was written in
Japan, Chinese, and English. This is the fourth distinguished honor
392 THE SHIELD
which has come to Dr. Ferguson. The Chinese Emperor had already con-
ferred upon him two decorations, aud the President of the French Republic
had created him Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur.
Charles T. Atkinson, Jr., '99, is with the Standard Oil Co. in Yoko-
Charles H. Brown, Jr., '04. Mrs. Elbridge Brown, of Marblehead,
Mass., announces the engagement of her daughter, Edith Warner, to
Charles H. Brown, Jr., '04. Miss Brown is a graduate of Smith College.
H. Gardner Lund, '04, is with the banking house of H. W. Poar & Co.,
52 Devonshire street, Boston.
F. L, Thompson, '04, is an instructor in athletics in Newton, H. S. ,
Charles T. Fitts, '04, is teaching in Oahu College, Honolulu, H. I.
G. C. Smith, '04, and L. G. Diehl, '05, are working with the United
States Survey- in Idaho.
R. N. Squire, '05, is working for the Williamsburg Trust Co., Brooklyn.
F. Hale, Jr., '05, is in the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New
W. W. Palmer, '05, is teaching in Milton, Mass.
Mortimer C. Addoms, '62, was appointed a justice of the Supreme
Court of the State of New York on October 12, 1905, by Governor Higgins
to fill an unexpired term. He was a candidate of the Republican Party at
the ensuing election but failed to poll the necessary vote to continue him
in office. He has practiced law for thirty years ; was defeated for judge of
Common Pleas Court in 1893 and for justice of Supreme Court last year ;
and is vice-president of Union League Club and member of St. Nicholas
Society, the Bar Association, and the Society of Medical Jurisprudence.
Rev. F. P. Harrington, '73, has taken up his work as Rector of St.
John's Episcopal church in Canandaigua, N. Y. , to which position he was
called last Spring.
Rudolf Tombo, Jr., has been elected Managing Editor of the Columbia
University Quarterly by the trustees of the University Press.
Science of October 6, 1905, contained an article by Brother Tombo on
The Geographical Distribution of the Student Body at a Number of Ameri-
can Universities, pp. 424-428.
Carl Schmid, '97, has left the Rochester Optical Co., and is now asso-
ciated with the Suffolk Photo Engraving Co. of New York.
OUR GRADUATES 393
William Barnhurst, '98, is head of the microscopy-photographical
department of the Bethlehem Steel Works.
Ernest E. Schmid, '98, has returned from Cincinnati and is now per-
manently in New York.
Otto J. A. Grassi, '99, left for Europe in July. He is now in Aroso,
Switzerland, and will probably not return for a month or two.
Arthur Howe, '00, and George Steele, '00, have under way the forma-
tion of a Country Club for the First Signal Corps N. G. N. Y. This orga-
nization now numbers tw-entvTheta Delts among its membership of eighty.
Edward F. Schaeffer, 'go, spent the Summer at Sewaren. He has
written an article on "Vaccum Peculiarities" which will soon be printed.
Harold P. Moran, 'cx), is located at Fort Wayne, Ind., with the Kerr-
Murray Manufacturing Company. His residence is 11 18 Harrison street.
Harry A. Fisher, '02, is associated with Charles E. Finlay, president of
the Albria National Bank, of New York, in Mr. Finlay's extensive real
estate interests and operations on Long Island. Address No. i. West 34
street, New York City. Brother Fisher is also the editor of the New Inter-
collegiate Basket Ball Guide for 1905.
Robert M. Schmid, '02, has matriculated at Cornell ; he has entered the
junior class in the mechanical engineering course. Gustav P. Engel, '07,
will enter Cornell University this fall.
William Winans, '97, was nominated for school trustee of Asbury Park
at the Democratic Convention held there on September 19.
F. S. De Kerson, '99, is connected with a firm of consulting engineers
and engineering contractors, and is also secretary and treasurer of the Secor
Realty Co. From the latest reports Brother De Kerson is busy superintend-
ing the development of its property.
Harry Hull St. Clair, '00, is with Senator \V. A. Clark, of Montana,
Office, 49 Wall Street, New York City.
Henry Field Haviland, '02, and his bride are living at 78 Norman street,
East Orange, N. J. Brother Haviland is with Clark & MacMullen, in-
corporated, consulting engineers, 20 Broad street. New York City.
W. K. Fenton, '04, is in the atelier of Paul Phillipe Cret, 1624 Walnut
street, Philadelphia, Pa., connected with the Academy of Fine Arts. He is
a competitor for the Cressom Traveling Scholarship in Architecture.
Herbert Benjamin, C.E., '04, is as hard a worker as he was Lacrosse
player in the good old days. He is succeeding well with the firm of W.
Soloman & Co. , of 25 Broad street, N. Y. Herby has an auto now.
Harry deF. Sergeant, '04, Met. E., is still holding down an engineer's
position in the Construction Department of the New York Telephone Com-
pany. To the best of our knowledge the sly old "fusser" is not married yet.
A. Roy Camp, E.M., '04, took a try at mining in Arizona during April
and May, but from all we hear, "water and other things were too scarce."
394 THE SHIELD
Once more he is near Broadway and incidentally doing his old engineering
work in the Construction Department of the New York Telephone Company.
C. D. Trubenbach, '05, Pi Deuteron, '02, is still at it. One of his
latest feats was the winning of the 440 yard handicap swimming race at At-
lantic City. The events were held under the auspices of the Atlantic High-
lands Athletic Association. Brother Trubenbach represented the N. Y. A. C.
and was the scratch man in his race. The Neiv York World spoke of it as
the most sensational event of the afternoon.
Chester A. Fulton, '06, spent the summer at the mines in Vulcan,
Michigan, with a party of mining students from Columbia. He has re-
cently been elected captain of the track team. "Chet" is considered the
best distance runner at the University.
John W. Griggs, '68, and Mrs. Griggs were abroad all summer and re-
turned about the middle of September.
Charles Albertson, '93, has an article on "The Dockyards and Ship-
building Plants of Japan" in "The Engineering Magazine" for September
and October. It is illustrated and contains as the result of Brother Albert-
son's seven years residence, his estimate of the national growth and char-
acteristics of the Japanese as indicated in the shipbuilding industry.
Willis S. Paine, '68, President of the New York Alumni Association of
the University of Rochester, resigned the presidency of the Consolidated
National Bank of New York City, about November i. At the same time
Brother John W. Griggs, Phi, '68, retired from the oflSce of Director.
Brother Paine expects shortly to make a trip around the world. The
Directors of the Consolidated National Bank, in accepting his resignation,
passed resolutions stating the esteem in which he is held by the directors.
The resolutions recalled the fact that he has been President of the bank
since its organization, and expressed the regret of the directors in parting
with a valuable officer and in severing relations temporarily with an es-
The directors further recorded their appreciation of Col. Paine's fidelity,
and wished him every happiness and a safe return. The resolutions were
spread upon the minutes, and an engrossed copy will be presented to the
Adalbert P. Little, '72, is on the list of speakers for the annual reunion
and dinner of the New York Alumni Association of the University to be
held at the University Club, December 4th. Brother James A. Hamilton,
'78, is Secretary of the Association,
E. C. Roeser, '01, is hustling things for the Manitou Beach Railway
Co., of Rochester.
OUR GRADUATES 395
Ray H. Hart, '02, who for the past two years has been teaching in the
State Normal School, Millersville, Pa., has been appointed instructor in
English in the Newark, N. J., High School. He will begin his new duties
Charles L. Hincher, '03, and Hiram S. Schumacher, '03, will soon re-
turn to John Hopkins for their third year in the medical department.
W. J. Richter, '04, passed the New York State bar examinations at
Rochester in June. He will practice in his native city.
C. H. Ferrell, '04, has entered the Pennsylvania R. R. shops at Altoona
as a special apprentice.
Bruce Magruder, '04, has been promoted to sergeant in the Coast
J. Homer Deis, '04, has received a call to an Episcopal church out West.
Van A. Potter, '04, is in the real estate business in Brooklyn, N. Y.,
and is also continuing to study his music.
James E. Lamb, '04, is in Brooklyn studying at the Pratt Institute.
J. H. Pardee, '89, is general manager of the Rochester and Eastern
Rapid Railway, operating between Rochester, Canandaigua and Geneva.
His home is in Canandaigua.
Dr. J. I. France, '95, has received the nomination for the Maryland
State Senate by the Republicans of Cecil County. The campaign will be a
critical one in Maryland politics as the issue is the Poe amendment which
aims to disfranchise the negro and give the Democrats entire sway in that
Clemens J. France, '98, has been admitted to the practice of law in
Maryland and will be one of the firm of Drake & France, having their
offices in Baltimore. He graduated from the Baltimore Law School with
highest honors last June.
E. C. Maclntyre, '05, has accepted a position as instructor in Science at
Stone School, Cornwall, N. Y., where he will have several future Hamilton
Theta Delts, under his tutelage.
N. V;^. Cadwell, D.D., '76, delivered at Hillsdale, Mich., the Bacca-
laureate on June i ith, and the Detroit Free Press says it was the best one
Hillsdale College ever heard.
Calvin N. Kendall, '82, of Indianapolis, Superintendent of Schools, has
received from the Emperor of China the decoration of the Order of the
Double Dragon. This he has by reason of the impression he made upon
Prince PuLum, special commissioner to the St. Louis Exposition and inci-
dentally a visitor at Indianapolis. Talk about high honors ! If he will
come on and wear his silver sun with the two dragons roosting, he shall be
396 THE SHIELD
marshall of the next Commencement procession. The Emperor of China is
a person of discrimination.
Dr. John H. Huber, '87, will soon issue through the Lippincotts an im-
portant study upon "Consumption: Its relation to Man and his Civili-
Edward J. Humeston, '99, was installed pastor of the Presbyterian
Church of Skaneateles, N. Y., July 26th.
Albert W. Smith, '78, was married at Palo Alto, California, on August
16, to Mrs. Ruby G. Bell. Dean and Mrs. Smith will be at home at 15 East
Ave., Ithaca, N. Y., after October first, in the fine residence recently pre-
sented to Cornell University by Hiram W. Sibley of Rochester, as the home
of the director of vSible)- College.
Ernest Hervey Greenwood, '04, was married on October 11, 1905, to
Miss Laura GriflSn Mandaville, at St. Stephen Episcopal Church, Harris-
Walter Allen Grossman, was married on July 8, 1905, to Miss Winifred
Salisbury at Oakland, California. Brother and Mrs. Crossman will live at
619 Miller street, San Jose, California.
Frederick Carlos Terry, was married on August 2, 1905, to Miss Anna
Chamberlain, at the First Congregational Church, New Britain, Connecticut.
Marcus Clinton Mason, '04, and Miss Katherine Bond Sykes were
married in the Congregational Church at North Adams, Massachusetts, on
September 13, 1905. The occasion had a distinctly college atmosphere, as
the attendants were in nearly every instance college classmates of the bride
or of the groom. The bridesmaids were Misses M. Elizabeth Burrell,
Marion H. Hamlin, Edith Clare Lancaster, Ethel M. Spohr and Margaret
Chase, all classmates of the bride in 1905 at Vassar, and Miss Elizabeth
Cutting of North Adams. The ushers were the following members of Iota
Deuteron : George L. Taylor, '03, Alvin C. Bacon, '04, and Edwin F.
Gibbs, '04;' and Herbert B. Clark, Williams, '03, C. P. Johnson, Cornell,
'06, and Edward W. Kinsley. The maid of honor was Miss Bertha W-
Sykes; and Edward N. Chase, Iota Deuteron, '04, was best man. The cere"
mony was performed by Rev. Dr. Theodore E. Busfield, pastor of the church.
Mr. and Mrs. Mason will make their home at Carthage, N. Y.
OUR GRADUATES 397
Asa Merrick Parker, '02, and Miss Adelaide Walbridge Bigelow were
married on May 5, 1905, at Worcester, Massachusetts.
Walter Howell Lee, '05, was married August third to Miss Sarah Watts
Washington, at the home of her parents 203 East Capitol street, Washing-
ton, D. C. F. W. Albert, '05, officiated as best man. They spent their
honeymoon on Birch Island, Squaw Lake, N. H. , and traveling in the White
Mountains, and are now settled in Anacostia, D. C.
William H. Salmon, '02, was married on May 10, 1905, to Miss Flora
Tremaine Seely at St. Pauls Church, Rochester. Brother Arthur Whitbeck,
Chi, '02, Beta, '03, was best man.
Brother and Mrs. Salmon will live at 734 Elmwood avenue, Buffalo.
Homer Holliday, '50, died September 21, 1905, at the age of 78 years,
at Hornellsville, New York. Brother Holliday attended Ballston Law
School and then became a member of Theta Delta Chi. After his admis-
sion to the bar he entered into partnership with Judge William M. Hawley,
of Hornellsville under the iirm name of Hawley & Holliday. Brother Hol-
liday was married in October, 1852, to Sarah Jane, daughter of Judge Haw-
ley. After Judge Hawley's death he practiced law for several years alone,
and later associated with him William C Bingham, Esq. He was considered
by the people of the city where he practiced, a lawj'er of fine ability, accu-
rate and extensive learning, and a man of strict integrity.
RESOLUTIONS IN MEMORY AND APPRECIATION OF THE LATE H. HOLLIDAY
The bar of the city of Hornellsville having been called upon once more
to give expression to the feelings of its members upon the death of one
most highly esteemed, does hereby say that in the death of Homer Holli-
day, Esq., a good business lawyer has been removed from our midst.
While he had not been active in the practice of his profession for some
time, he was one of the very few survivors of the older members of the bar,
who practiced his profession at a time when there was more litigation than
at the present day, and those vivid recollections of early events made him
an extremely interesting character in our community. He was a man fond
of travel and enjoyed a great fund of useful information. He possessed a
high sense of integrity and was a gentleman of the old school. No one
knew him but to love him and to speak well of his friendly and companion-
398 THE SHIELD
able temperament. The young members of the bar can ill afford to lose
from among their ranks the sound advice and the living inspiration of in-
tegrity which came from the lips and actions of so noble a character as
Frank H. Robinson,
Frank J. Nelson,
WiNFiEi,D S. Newman,
William Talbot Waike, of Norfolk, Va. , vi^ho is the most recent transfer
from Epsilon to Omega, was born in the city of Norfolk on the 31st of
January, 1838. He was the son of Richard Walke and Mary Diana Talbot,
both members of prominent ante-bellum Virginia families.
Young Walke received his early training in the school of a Mr. Pollard,
in Norfolk, and was probably advanced beyond the average when he ma-
triculated at William and Mary, in the fall of 1854. Sometimes during the
session of 1854-55 the Epsilon Charge ''found'''' him for a brother, and unto
the end of his sixty-seven years of life he was ever true to the vows then
made. During the session of 1855-56 Walke filled the position of recording
secretary of the Epsilon, and his minutes are models of neatness and accu-
racy. On the 4th of July, 1856, our brother received his degree as a Master
of Arts, a two-year degree being much more common then than now.
Upon his return to Norfolk he established himself in the wholesale
drug business and soon was in a prosperous condition. On August 4th,
1858, he was married to Miss Sallie Rebecca Gary, but the early approach
of the Civil War was destined to disturb his business and his home life.
Virginia claimed his services and he served her with ability during the en-
The close of the war found business conditions in the south very much
changed, and instead of going into the drug business Brother Walke estab-
lished an insurance agency, which is now a large business, under the firm
name of Walke and Son.
The only public office ever held by this brother was that of Treasurer
of the School Board of Norfolk. But in the way of scholarship he was well
known, being, in connection with Brother William Lamb, instrumental in
re-establishing the Virginia Alpha of the Phi Beta Kappa at the College of
William and Mary. The portals of Omega opened to this brother on the
14th of March, 1905, and another of the "old guard" was gone to his
Richard Walke, a full brother to W. Talbot Walke, was born the 9th
of December, 1840. His early training was at the same school that his
elder brother attended, and he entered William and Mary when Talbot
Walke was entering upon his senior year. He became a member of Epsilon
in April, 1S56, and shortly after his initiation was chosen to succeed his
OUR GRADUATES 399
brother as recording secretary of the Charge ; while serving in this capacity
he was called upon to serve as secretary of the General Convention in June,
1856. At the commencement of 1S57 Richard Walke received his Master of
Arts, and the next fall he entered the University of Virginia ; here also he
received the Master of Arts degree in i860, and in the fall of that year he
entered the University of Berlin. But his stay abroad was destined to be
but a short one, for he returned to Virginia upon her secession in the spring
of 1861, and he at once entered her service as a private. It was only a short
while before he was promoted becoming successively First Sergeant in May,
1862, First Lieutenant of Ordinance in April, 1863, on the staff of General
William Mahone, and in 1864 he was appointed Captain and Inspector
General on the staff of General Lindsay Walker ; this latter position he
continued to fill until the end of the war.
In 1868 Richard Walke began the study of law under Judge Dobbin, in
Baltimore, and in 1870 was admitted to practice in Norfolk. This same
year he was married to Miss Annie Nivison Bradford. The next thirty-one
years were devoted to the practice of his profession, when Omega claimed
him, June 20th, 1901. His widow survives him, living at 60 Bute street,
Charles Rollin Grandy, the son of C. Wiley Grandy and Anne D'Ang6,
his wife, was born in Camden County, North Carolina, on the 18th of Au-
gust, 1834. Early in his life his family moved to Norfolk, Va., where
young Charles received his early education in the Norfolk Military Academy.
This fitted him for College and he entered William and Mary in October,
1852. The next spring found his name on the original charter of the newly-
founded Epsilon Charge of Theta Delta Chi. On July 4th, 1854, he re-
ceived his A.B., and the next July he received his A.M., from William and
Mary he went to the University of Virginia to take the law course. Upon
graduating in law he returned to Norfolk where he became a member of the
law firm of C. W. Grandy and Sons. This Brother Grandy served through
the Civil War as Captain of the Norfolk Light Artillery Blues, and, con-
trary to most cases, fell a victim neither to Yankee bullets or Cupid's ar-
rows. There can be no doubt that this brother was not intended to remain
long on earth, and we find record of his death on April ist, 1868. Charles
R. Grandy, '54, and C. Wiley Grandy, '55, were first cousins.
Augustus S. Miller, '71. Mayor Augustus S. Miller of Providence,
dropped dead at the Hope club, at an early hour of the morning of Septem-
On election night last year, Brother Miller was overcome by an attack
of heart failure, and his health this year had not been of the best. He
went to Europe during the summer with Mrs. Miller and his son in the
hope of receiving benefit at several well known health resorts. He returned
in September and was apparently improved.
Mayor Miller was born in Plainfield, Conn., on August 13, 1847, was
400 THE SHIELD
graduated from Brown University in the class of 1872, and was admitted to
the Rhode Island bar in 1874.
From 1873 to 1876 he was assistant clerk of the supreme court of the
state. Later he formed a partnership with ex-Congressman H. J. Spooner,
'60, and Judge Arthur L. Brown, '76, who is now on the bench of the United
States circuit court.
After the dissolution of this firm, he entered a partnership with Thomas
A. Carroll of this city.
Brother Miller was a member of the common council from 1881 to 1887.
He was elected maj'or on the Democratic ticket in 1903, and held that oflBce
until his death.
He is survived by a widow and a son, William Davis Miller, who is a
member of the freshman class at Brown.
Charles Churchill Carmalt, M.D., '87, whose early and lamentable
death on January 8, 1905, has already been reported in the Sbiei,d, was
eulogised in the March number of the Columbia University Quarterly as
follows, the lines of appreciation being supplemented by an excellent half
"The death of Dr. Churchill Carmalt, after a brief illness, on the
evening of January 8, 1905, has deprived the University of one of its most
faithful and efBcient officers of instruction.
Dr. Carmalt served since 1S90 as assistant demonstrator of anatomy in
the School of Medicine, and at the time of his death, in the thirty-ninth
year of his age, was the senior officer of his rank in the Department. In
charge of an important division of the section-teaching, and actively en-
gaged in the practical work of the anatomical laboratory, he early proved
his exceptional qualifications as an instructor of undergraduates in medi-
cine. Incisive, clear and comprehensive in his methods of presentation,
admirably trained in his special field, and constantly in training, patient
and painstaking to a degree when circumstances demanded it, intolerant of
superficial and incomplete work and meeting it, wherever encountered, with
the sharp edge of a v/holesome criticism, his personality and example re-
acted on his students as a stimulus to which they responded with their best
efforts. As a teacher he stood for the highest development of his office,
always basing the details of anatomical instruction on the broad and com-
prehensive interpretation of structure, which transforms for the student a
miscellaneous collection of facts, difficult to acquire if isolated, into the
correlated parts of a complete system, in which the significance of the
chain as a whole emphasizes the value and importance of the individual
links. In this work no effort appeared too great to him, and he brought to
the task a keen and inventive mind and great technical skill. No better
evidence of the high appreciation and esteem in which his students held
him could be offered than the simple and heartfelt words of the memorial
OUR GRADUATES 401
in which the undergraduates of the College of Physicians and Surgeons
voiced their sense of greif and personal loss.
Always thorough, and utilizing the material of the dissecting room with
full appreciation of its value in scientific work, Carmalt began four years
ago to devote a large part of his time to anatomical investigation. The re-
sults of an exhaustive research on the morphology of the salivary structures,
brought to a successful close during the first half of the present academic
year, were presented at the last meeting of the Association of American
Anatomists at Philadelphia in a brilliant and thoroughly rounded contribu-
tion, which will prove of lasting value and rank as a classical memoir on
the subject. At the time of his death he had made considerable progress
in investigating problems of the lymphatic system, obtaining results which
promised much for the future.
With him research was evidently a work of love, and it proved a con-
stantly increasing attraction for him. He w^s splendidly endowed for it,
approaching it with a clear perception of purpose, indefatigable patience,
crreat mechanical and technical skill, and a mind capable of sound and un-
biased interpretation and generalization. It became a pleasure and an in-
spiration to observe the perseverance, ability and clean-cut thought called
forth from him by a problem. These years seemed to those who knew him
well the best and most fully developed of his life, coinciding with his marriage
and the establishment of a remarkably congenial and happy family life.
Their close brought to him shortly before the end evidence that the value
of his work had met with due recognition outside of his own University in
a call from a sister institution to high academic rank and responsibility.
Short as these years appear in retrospect, they have made Carmalt's memory
one to be cherished by his associates at large, as that of a colleague com-
manding their highest respect and esteem by the force of his character and
ability. Those who best knew him, in the bond of close and loyal friend-
ship, mourn him as few are mourned.
An honest man, in the full beauty of a productive and useful life, has
gone to his rest, leaving the lasting impress of his work and his example as
a permanent force in the higher development of his profession and his
George S. Huntington
John Harts, '05, was struck by a train and instantly killed two miles
north of Lincoln, Ind., on September 22, 1905. The Charge has issued the
following obituary testimonial :
"It is with great sorrow that Iota Deuteron announces the death of a
beloved and esteemed brother, John Manning Harts, son of Captain and
Mrs. D. H. Harts of Lincoln, Illinois.
Brother Harts became a member of Williams College in September,
1902, and during his short stay among us displayed a remarkable geuins for
402 THE SHIELD
mathematics which influenced him later in his choice of a career. His eye-
sight failing him he left college at the close of his junior year and on Sep-
tember i8th, '05, accepted a position in the engineering department of the
Chicago and Alton Railroad Company. It was while pursuing his duties
with this department that he was riding a railroad velocipede along the
tracks between Bloomington and Lincoln and was run down by the Limited
and instantly killed.
Brother Harts was blessed with a happy and cheerful nature that made
him a good comrade, and has left behind him many enduring memorials of
a manly, straightforward, and faithful friendship."
Preston Shirley, '96, an editorial writer on the Boston y^^/z'^r/'z.jfr died
August 13, at Boston. He was born in Andover, N. H., August 17, 1875,
and after receiving his early education at the local schools entered Dart-
mouth, graduating in 1896.
At college he was prominent in literary activities, being business man-
ager of the Dartmouth in his senior year and a member of the Sphinx Senior
Society and Theta Delta Chi. An able, honest and indefatigable worker,
he had made for himself a recognized and honored place in Boston news-
S. Fred Nixon, '81. On October 10 Brother Nixon passed to the Omega
Charge. Death followed an illness of about four weeks' duration and was
due to blood poisoning.
Concerning the death of Brother Nixon Governor Higgins said :
"Mr. Nixon's death is a great shock to me. He was a man who com-
manded the confidence of his associates to a very marked degree. He was
a loyal friend, and I feel that I have met with a great personal loss."
The Governor also issued the following proclamation :
The people of the State of New York learn with sorrow of the untimely
death of the Hon. S. Fred Nixon, the Speaker of the Assembly. He had
the affection and respect of all who knew him. In his long service in the
Legislature he had won a position of deserved and recognized leadership.
His young and useful life gave fair promise of brilliant success in wider
fields. His broad experience, his tact, and his sound judgment rendered
him exceptionally well qualified for his responsible and arduous duties. His
death leaves a vacant place that cannot easily be filled.
It is proper that the Governor should, in the absence of the Legislature,
make ofiicial recognition of the loss sustained by the people and publicly
express the respect due to the character and services of the deceased.
Now, therefore, I, Frank W. Higgins, Governor of the State of New
York, do direct that the flags upon all the pnblic buildings of the State, in-
OUR GRADUATES 403
clnding the armories and arsenals, be displayed at half-mast up to and in-
cluding the day of the funeral.
Given under my hand and the privy seal of the State at the Capitol in
the City of Albany, this loth day of October, in the year of our Lord one
thousand nine hundred and five.
Frank W. Higgins
By the Governor :
Frank E. PbrlEy, Secretary to the Governor.
The New York Times of October nth contained the following inter-
esting account of Brother Nixon's life.
Samuel Frederick Nixon, Speaker of the Assembly of the State of New
York, representative of the Second District of the County of Chautauqua
and Supervisor of the Town of Westfield, made a record for length of ser-
vice in the position of presiding officer of the Assembly which has never
been equaled in the 128 years of the New York Legislature.
He served seven successive terms in the chair. Speaker James W.
Husted of Westchester served six, but they were not successive. Of the
many presiding officers of the lower House, none ever approached for
length of service the records of Nixon and Husted. Altogether, Speaker
Nixson served fifteen terms in the Assembly — twelve of them successive.
He was a legislator when the Raines bill was passed, the Greater New York
charter was enacted, and was leader of the Republicans when the Legisla-
ture assembled in special session in 1898 to legislate for the maintenance of
New York's troops in the field during the Spanish-American war. He
forced through the Assembly this year the Mortgage Tax bill and the Stock
Transfer bill. During his fifteen years' service he had a giant's part in
Mr. Nixon was born at Westfield on December 3, i860, and was edu-
cated in the Westfield High School and at Hamilton College. He gradu-
ated in 1881. In just three years he made his entry into public life by being
elected Trustee of the Village of Westfield. The next office was that of
Supervisor of the Town of Westfield, to which he was elected in 1886,
The Chairmanship of the Republican Committee of Chautauqua County
was held by him in several campaigns. On September 25, 1905, he was
elected for the fourteenth time Chairman of the Chautauqua County Board
His first campaign for the Assembly was in 1887. He then was elected
by the Republicans of what was the First Chautauqua District and re-
elected to the Assembly of 1889 and 1S90. In the convention of 1890 he
was defeated. In 1893 he again sought a nomination. By the apportion-
ment of 1892 Chautauqua has been formed into a single district. Nixon
was successful in the convention and in the Bartlett-Maynard campaign,
the one that drove the Democrats from power. Thereafter he was re-
elected, ending with 1904.
He served under Speaker Fremont Cole in 1888 and 1889. George R.
404 THE SHIELD
Malby held the gavel in 1894, Hamilton Fish in 1S95 and 1896, and James
M. E. O'Grady in 1897 ^^^ 1898. Under these Speakers Nixon rose from
Chairmanship to Chairmanship, heading Railroads and Public Instruction,
and reaching Ways and Means in 1897 and 1898.
Nixon came to the leadership of the Assembly of 1897 with a great pre-
ponderance of Republicans. The majority was unwieldy. The McKinley
and Hobart ticket had sent Republicans from Kings and New York districts
which were usually Democratic. But he grasped the situation quickly and
kept the majorit}' to its work. In this session the Greater New York
charter was enacted and the first batch of amendments to the Raines law
were passed. Some of the Republicans broke on them, but the leader held
a sufficient number in line to pass them.
The next year Nixon had a very slender majority to lead. The defeat
of William J. Wallace by Atlon B. Parker and of Low and Tracy by Van
Wyck retired many members of the House of 1897. When the session of
1899 began no one but Nixon was thought of for the Speakership. He was
unanimously elected and since then had been speaker continuously.
As a presiding oflBcer Nixon was a Czar, and easily maintained his
sway. Of recent sessions, nothing got through the Assembly without his
consent. He always had a few strong friends among the Democrats who
aided him outside of party questions, notably John McKeown. The ma-
jority always was intensely loyal to him. Though never brilliant as a par-
liamentarian in comparison with some of the leaders of years ago, Nixon
generally far outshone his colleagues. He often gaveled his way through
a point raised by the Democrats, riding over all opposition.
Many an unpopular measure desired by the Republican organization
was jammed through the House, which never could have passed had it not
been for Nixon. He would go into the majority caucus and talk and argue
and threaten until he had enough votes pledged to the bill's support. No-
body could withstand his energy and tremendous influence. Those who
tried it were crushed. It was : "Fred wants this bill," and that was usually
enough to send it through.
The members from the agricultural districts stood by him in every tight
place. He was their guide, counselor, and friend. He was democratic to
the last degree, and that accounts for a large percentage of his success. So
secnre a grip did he have on the House that Senate bills never got out of
Assembly committees if Nixon wanted them held in.
Nixon was almost a giant in stature, and this of itself helped to awe
his opponents. Early in his career he was argumentative and easily ang-
ered, but when he became the acknowledged boss he had the House ma-
chine running so well that a nod or a look was suflScient to work his will.
Once in a while a pet measure might be in danger ; then Nixon would call
a trusted member to the chair and go among the Assemblymen and ask for
votes. He never did this in vain, save in rare instances, when groups had
to stand in opposition to save their faces and political cuticles at home. He
understood this phase and never resented their refusal.
OUR GRADUATES 405
In business Mr. Nixon was also successful. He had railroad interests,
operated a marble and granite works, a box factory, and had various enter-
prises in and about his home, Westfield. He was also prominently identi-
fied with the grapegrowers and wine producers of the Chautanqua Lake
Our exchanges are requested to send one copy of each issue to J. Boyce Smith, Jr., ioo
Broadway, New York City, one copy to Rudolf Tombo, Jr., 628 \V. 114th Street, New York
City, and one copy to Harry A. Bullock, New York Times, New York City. In return, three
copies of The Shield will be sent to any desired addresses.
The Shield acknowledges with thanks, receipt of the fol-
lowing exchanges :
The Caduceus of Kappa Sigma, — Jtine.
The Delta Upsilon Quarterly, — June.
The Phi Gamma Delta, — May.
The Record of Sigma Alpha Epsilon, — March, May.
The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi,— March, April, June.
Delta Chi Quarterly, — February, May, August.
The Rainbow of Delta Tau Delta, — March.
The Eleusis of Chi Omega, — May.
The Trident of Delta Delta Delta,— September.
Kappa Alpha Theta, — May.
Alpha Xi Delta,— May.
Themis of Zeta Tau Alpha, — May.
Is it feasible for a so-called "professional fraternity" to bar
from membership men who are members of general fraternities ?
The following editorial from the Delta Chi Quarterly is interest-
EXCHANGE GLEANINGS 407
ing in that it is, so far as we know, a new phase of the profes-
sional fraternity question :
What is to be the future policy of Delta Chi in respect to admit-
ting to membership members of other fraternities ? This is a pressing issue
that ought not, and cannot be avoided for any length of time. It should
be a subject of thorough deliberation at the June Convention. Heretofore,
it has been approached with some reserve and without any purpose to
reach a definite and final decision. But this passive attitude of the Con-
ventions toward a vital question will not attain results. A definite conclu-
sion is necessary on a subject involving, as does this, a principle and policy
which ought to be once and for all time, definitely established. This fact
is generally conceded by those who favor or oppose the open policy.
In this respect, it must be recognized, there now prevails in Delta Chi,
two radically opposed tendencies. A few chapters exist under conditions
so favorable as to permit of an exclusive policy. At other chapters, it is
practically impossible to secure a desirable class of men, or at least the
most desirable and available men without taking those who are or have
been associated with other fraternities. The members of chapters which
stand for the first idea find it difficult to reconcile themselves to facts and
conditions in the other chapters. They urge, reasonably and justly no
doubt, that their chapters cannot meet competition if it continues to be
known that a man can be a member of Delta Chi and of another fraternity
also. They are met with the argument from the other chapters that they
in turn cannot exist without adopting the policy which is so repugnant to
In the view of the writer, these two conflicting views cannot long con-
tinue. Delta Chi must declare herself for one policy or the other. She
must become eventually a fraternity of one type or the other, namely, a
strictly undergraduate fraternity combining features of a legal and general
course fraternity, or a sort of legal society for law schools attended largely
by college graduates. This is the situation which The Quarterly firmly
believes is confronting Delta Chi and it is urged that it ought to be recog-
nized and dealt with, not hastily or passionately, but deliberately and
frankly with a view to arriving at a conclusion which will be the best for
the ultimate purpose and ideals of the Fraternity.
^h ^^ ^*
The following table from The Manual of Sigma Alpha Epsi-
lon is not only of general interest, but contains data with which
every undergraduate should be familiar.
Delta Kappa Epsilon
Beta Theta Pi
Phi Delta Theta
Sigma Alpha Epsilon
Phi Gamma Delta
Alpha Delta Phi
Phi Kappa Psi
Delta Tau Delta
Alpha Tau Omega
Theta Delta Chi
Phi Kappa Sigma
Pi Kappa Alpha
Phi Sigma Kappa
Alpha Chi Rho
^^* e^*' ^*
Far be it from us to quarrel with the Pig Feast of Phi Gamma
Delta ; its existence as an institution of that fraternity is its own
justification. No jury, we think, would convict Brother Sanders
of insubordination for failing to perform the ceremony which fell
to his part ; while the festival, otherwise unmarred, possesses an
attractiveness that is almost savory even in type.
Theta's first pig is no more, save in memory. In pursuance of the tra-
dition established by the late Frank Norris, Theta gave her first pig dinner,
which she means to make an annual occasion. The dinner was given in
celebration of Founders' Day, and was held on May i.
Promptly at nine o'clock twenty enthusiastic Fijis gathered in the fra-
EXCHANGE GLEANINGS 409
ternity halls, where some time was spent very pleasantly in renewing old
acquaintances. At ten o'clock, with Brother Sterling A. Wood, toastmas-
ter, in the lead, we marched arm in arm into the spacious banquet hall,
singing a rousing Fiji song. After a few preliminary courses Brother
Wood announced that in the ante-chamber a friend was waiting to be es-
corted to the festive board ; accordingly. Brothers Sanders, Jones and Rob-
son were sent to bring the friend in, which they did amid the rousing
strains of "Bringing in the Pig." Severing the head from the body,
Brother Wood spoke a few appropriate words over it, ending with the
words, "I salute thee, O ^ r :S." The head was then given to Brother
"Chess" Gwinn, "the noblest Greek of all," who carried it around the
board each brother in turn kissing the nose and repeating the words of the
symposiarch. Then with the remark that the tail end of the pig should go
to the tail end of the chapter, presented that end to Brother Walter R. San-
ders, who, imitating Brother Gwinn, tried to get the boys to likewise salute
his portion of piggy, but not with entire success.
Fearing that too much attention would be paid to the pig, Brother
Wood proposed a silent toast to our departed brothers, after which we "fell
to," and, amid many jokes and much laughter, poor piggy passed out of
J- J- J-
The annual report of Secretary Orra E. Monnette in the
March Shield of Phi Kappa Psi is as comprehensive, thorough
and interesting as usual. Phi Kappa Psi has now forty -two
The following question is submitted to the chapters in the annual re-
port, "Are there Iny institutions which the chapter desires the Fraternity
to enter?" Pennsylvania Gamma favors Lehigh; Pennsylvania Zeta,
Pennsylvania State'college ; Pennsylvania Kappa, Columbian University ;
New Hampshire Alpha, Massachusetts Alpha and New York Epsilon, all
three Massachusetts Inst, of Technology ; West Virginia Alpha, Tulane,
Georgia, Case, Union, Pennsylvania State College and Lehigh ; Tennessee
Delta. Tulane and University of North Carolina ; Mississippi Alpha, Uni-
versity of North Carolina ; Ohio Alpha, Case ; Indiana Beta, University of
Washington ; and Indiana Delta, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Twenty chapters responded in the negative. Ten had no opinion to express.
Under the caption "Chapter Houses" the report states that
fourteen chapters own houses and nineteen rent, making thirty-
three chapters housed. Nine rent chapter halls for meetings and
sixteen own building lots. The following table of "Chapter
Prosperity and Debts" is of interest :
Fifth District .
1 7,000 1 9,50011 535!! 300
20,900 9,650 1,575 80
4,820 3,820 713 1,000
10,722 1,875 78S
4,400 1 1. 100 QSS 67
!^EWS OF THE GREEKS
Sigma Alpha Epsilon will erect a chapter house at the Uni-
versity of Alabama for the chapter there, in memory of one of
the founders of the order. It is to be called the De Votie Me-
morial. The general fraternity will contribute $3,000 towards
the cost. Noble Leslie De Votie is said to have been the first
person to lose his life in the war between the states.
J' ^ ^
Delta Chi legal fraternity held its eleventh annual convention
at Toronto in June. . .
Chapters have been added to the roster, at Virginia and
Stanford. The fraternity now has twenty-one active and three
^ e^ a^
Kappa Alpha Theta sorority held the sixteenth biennial con-
vention at Philadelphia July i to 7.
^ J- ^
Zeta Tau Alpha is a sorority presumably five years old, since
the third biennial convention is stated for June, 1906. It com-
prises eight chapters. Themis is the name of the magazine pub-
lished by the Zeta Tau Alpha.
J^ ^ ^
Phi Kappa Psi at West Virginia University has had a $7500
house dedicated to the chapter by Mrs. Jarah B. Cochran, in
memory of her son, who was a Phi Psi at Penn.
Mrs. Cochran also donated about $9000 toward the erection
of a house in Philadelphia, which is used jointly by the U. of P.
chapter and the Phi Kappa Psi club of Philadelphia.
412 THE SHIELD
Theodore P. Shonts, head of the Canal Commission, is a
^5* ft^* ^^
Phi Gamma Delta held the annual convention (Fifty-Sev-
enth Ekklesia) at Niagara Falls on July 26, 27, 28.
^* e^ e^
Z>^//^ Upsilo7i will be represented at Oxford by six men this
year ; she had five Rhodes scholarship appointments last year, —
two more than any other fraternity.
t^ fl^ e^
Delta Tail Delta held its convention (Karnea) in New York
City during the week of August 21-26.
e^* c^*' fl^*
On the nth of Maya Pan- Hellenic banquet of all the Greek-
Letter Fraternity men of Hampton, Virginia, and vicinity was
held at the Chamberlain Hotel, Old Point Comfort, Va. There
were eighteen gentlemen present, each accompanied by a lady,
and the occasion was so enjoyable that it was voted to make it a
permanent affair and have a banquet every 3'ear. Those present
included six of the Southern Kappa Alpha, four of the Phi
Kappa Sigma, two of the Phi Chi (Medical), and one each of
Theta Delta Chi, Phi Delta Theta, Zeta Psi, Pi Kappa Alpha,
Psi Omega (Dental), and Phi Gamma Delta.
«£ *& ^
^7* crf^' e^*
Several fraternities have recently enacted legislation regarding frater-
nity pins and the exact spot where they shall be worn. Phi Delta Theta
has been the most radical and has charged the active men to wear their pins
at all times. When they bathe, the pins are to be "held in the mouth or
suspended by a silk cord," we are told. — Delta Chi Quarterly.
e^* e^* f^
Kappa Alpha Theta re-established her Toronto chapter on
t^ t^ t^
Kappa Sigma entered Dartmouth on April 11. On the sixth
of the same month a chapter was established at New York
Kappa Sigma was founded in 1867 and has now 72 chapters.
THE SHIELD— The current volume (XXI) is one dol-
lar a year. For previous volumes communicate with Frank N.
DODD, 150 West 40 Street, New York City. The following bound
volumes are to be had : Vols. VII to X, inclusive, $3.00 each ;
Vols. XI to XIV, inclusive, $2.50 each ; Vols. XV to XX,
inclusive, $2.00 each.
THE CATALOGUE— 1901— Edited by Frederic Carter,
Custodian of Archives, assisted by Charles S. White, Iota, 1900.
284 pages ; bound in cloth. Price $1.50, carriage prepaid. Ad-
dress Frederic Carter, 1424 Broadway, New York City.
MEMORIAL HISTORY, 1848-1898. Edited and pub-
lished by Clay W. Holmes, Phi, '69. 294 pages ; bound in
cloth. Price, five dollars, carriage prepaid. Address Clay W.
Holmes, Elmira, N. Y.
SONGS OF THETA DELTA CHI. Edited and pub-
lished by Stanton E. Barrett, Chi, '95. 90 pages ; bound in
cloth. Price, one dollar and fifty cents. Address Stanton E.
Barrett, St. Stephens' Church, Ballard, Wash.
HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHICAL CATALOGUE
OF THE BETA CHARGE OF THETA DELTA CHI
By Ernest Wilson Huffcut, Beta, '84. With an Alphabetical
Roll and Geographical Index and numerous tables and illustra-
tions. 120 pages, Ithaca, 1900. Bound in cloth. Price, one
dollar, carriage prepaid. Paper, seventy-five cents. Address
E. W. Huffcut, Ithaca, N. Y.
BETA PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUM. A reproduction
by photography (not half-tones) of all but six of the 218 members
of the Beta Charge. Ithaca, 1900. Cloth $3.00. Leather $3-50-
Carriage prepaid. Address E. W. Huffcut, Ithaca, N. Y.
THETA DELTS OF BOSTON— 1903. AlistofTheta
Delts in business and professions in Boston and vicinity. Com-
piled by Frank W. Kimball, Lambda, '94, 47 Kilby St., Boston,
Mass. Published by Irving P. Fox, Lambda, '83. 26 pages ;
SOME POETRY AND PROSE— by Nathan LaFayette
Bachman, Phi, '72, "Old Fate." Edited by Norman Hackett,
Gamma Deuteron, '98, and Edward Van Winkle, Rho Deuteron,
'00. Flexible leather, $1.25. Send subscriptions to E. Van
Winkle, Flatiron Building, N. Y. City.
MAKERS OP HIGHEST GRADE
KEGOIiJlTIOn 0I( OL«D STJlNDJip BJIDGE
AND THE POPULAR ONE
WITH SLIGHTLY ALTERED OUTLINE AND
Lists and Samples on request.
WRITE US FOR ^BK KEYS, PROFESSIONAL AND
TECH. SOCIETY BADGES
WRIGHT, KAY & CO.,
Theta Delta Chi.
Our 1905 Catalogue of Frater-
nity Novelties is now ready and
will be mailed upon application.
Send for our sample
book of stationery .J*
■^cigbt, IkaiP 8i Company,
MANUFACTURING JEWELERS AND IMPORTERS,
Paris Office, 34 Ave. de TOpera. Detroit, Michigan.
THE CONSOLIDATED NATIONAL BANK
OF NEW YORK.
CAPITAL, .-.--- $1,000,000.
SURPLUS AND UNDIVIDED PROFITS, - - $1,127,000
WII^IvIS S. PAINE, President.
MORTIMER H. WAGAR, Vice-President. THOMAS J. l^EWIS, Cashier.
JAMES THORNE, THOMAS N. JONES. HENRY G. I.EWIS.
William O. Allison Publisher, ^ ^, . , „ ., ,
OssiAN D ASHLEY Ex-President, Wabash Railroad,
PERRY Belmont, . I Capitalist, New York City.
Henry C Brewster President Traders Natl Bank. Rochester.
William T. Brown Treasurer A. G. Spalding & Brothers,
ALONZO N. BuRBANK, Treasurer, International Paper Co.
Edward G. Bdrgess, President New York Produce Exchange.
George P. Butler, Capitalist, New York City.
George Crocker Capitalist. New York and New Jersey
E. Sherwood Dunn, Pres't, Northampton Portland Cement Co.
Oliver M. Farrand, Importer,
John W. Griggs, Ex-Governor of New Jersey
T Temple Gwathmey Ex-President New York Cotton Exchange,
Georgk V Haggerty, Mgr. National Enameling & Stamping Co.
WILLIAM A. HALL President Cascin Co.of Amenca
E Burton Hart Jr , President Portsmouth, Kittery 6t York R. R.
T F Manville - President, H. W. Johns-Manville Co.
James G. Newcomb, Standard Oil Company, ^ „ , . ^ .
Willis S Paine, Ex-Superintendent N.Y. State Banking Dept
Charles'h. Patterson,— Cashier, Fourth National Bank, N. Y.
Cornelius A. Pugsley, President Westchester Co. National Bank
Peekskill, N. Y.
I< V "F Randolf Ex- President Atlantic Trust Co.
OSCAR i. Richard President State Bank of New York.
Charles E Sprague President, Union Dime Savings Bank,
Mortimer H Wagar ...Vice-President Consolidated .Stock Exchange
Designated Depository of the United States, State of
New York, City of New York.
Appointed by the superintendents of banks as a depository of the law-
ful money reserve of the banks of the State of New York.
CHECKS PAYABLE THROUGH THE NEW YORK CLEARING HOUSE.
We offer to depositors every advantage consistent with conservative
banking and the most courteous treatment is extended to those who may
desire banking facilities.
Pins and Seals and
•"v. , ,-, i Fobs. Novelties.
( /'■"*:', ■' MADE BY
>^ 5^. ^ji^i
Z""" Theta Delta Chi Jeweler,
This size Pin
Other prices „ r •/ n/ -kt -^r i ^-m
in proportion, ^ Liberty Place, . . . J\ew York Ltty.
Opposite 21 Maiden Lane.
Shields placed on any article of Jewelry
For references write to Editor of The Shield. Seals of all
Universities and Colleges for every sort of use, made tip into pins, heavily
^old plated, js cents.
"AULD Standard Badges"
ARE KNOWN FOR THEIR
CORRECT DESIGN, CLEAN-CUT DIE-WORK, PERFECT
ENAMELING, SUPERIOR JEWELING, MOST BEAUTIFUL
FINISH, AND HIGH QUALITY OF WORKMANSHIP.
Write for Illustrated Catalogues of Badges and Novelties.
D. L. AULD,
195-197 East Long Street, Columbus, Ohio.
Appointed Official Jeweler to THETA DELTA
CHI BY THE RECENT CONVENTION AT CHICAGO.
V I A
^\ TRAVEL WITH
# SPEED COMFORT SAFETY
S^ j Philadelphia
^1 NEW YORK STATIONS:
'>g I Foot Liberty Street Whitehall Street | )g^
^^ I North River South Ferry I ^VV
^1 ^ — ^ — ...^ _ !^
If you had a fountain pen in your pocket you would not be
obliged to borrow a poor^ scratchy steel pen when you wish to
write. While the present day hotel offers many conveniences
and untold luxuries, to be fully equipped you must own, besides
a tooth brush, your fountain pen. There is but one good one.
is that one, always ready, and indispensable to every traveler and college man,
L. E. WATERMAN COMPANY,
173 Broadway, New York.
Boston. Chicago. San Francisco. Montreal.
Sold everywhere. Send for illustrated booklet.
Amerlan Shoes for Amerians
THE Re~al is distinctively ///^ American shoe. It is
made and dcluered ui the t>T)ically direct American
\\a\ ; tanneries — factories — stores — all part of one
^reat &\stcmiunundti one management; no waste energy
— no \\aste time — the maximum result with the minimum
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Mail Oidei Department it gives the same
sei \ ice at tbe same time to every metropo-
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md b'ln f rancisco, and St. Paul and
>\e\\ Oi leans.
Like the true American, too, the Regal
knows no class. Made for men and
women in every walk of life — Oil Grained
Calf for "roughing it"; good King Calf
for the business office ; finest Patent
Leathers for dress occasions.
Regal fashions are exact duplicates of
models approved in the world s fashion
centres 1 he wearer of Regals is up-to-
the minute in style, whether in New York
or in New Mexico.
0\er '(HKXHX) Americans buy each year this
Re^al pi oduct of American brains and Ameri-
can enerc;y. It is the only shoe made in tlie
woild It any price that comes in quarter
bi/i s, so that it can be fitted with the pre-
cision of a custom-made shoe.
'^- Send for Our Latest Style Book
It gives accurate photographic reproductioii3
of 75 styles the exclusive custom -makers of
New York, London and Paris are putting
on their customers' feet NOW. On request
we will also send rules for self-measure-
ment, and you will find that you can buy
these superb Kegal shoes with as great
satisfaction BY MAIL as you can in
any of the 80 Eegal stores in princi-
Re^al shoes are delivered, carriace
prepaid, anywhere in the United Slates
or Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Porto Rico,
Hawaiian and Philippine Islands, also
Germany and all points coveted by the
Parcels Post System, on receipt of
$3.75 per pair. (The extra 25 cents
is for delivery.)
Mail-Order ) Factory 1e], Whitman, Mass. Rot Sflfi.
Depart- S Bo!!ton, Ma33. ,309 Sam3i<!r St. , cor. Bedford
ments ) New York City, Dept.lo/iGSBroadway. cor. 10th St.
Sub-Station A— 34-52 Ellis St., San Francisco, Cal. Sub-Station B— 10;i Df-arborn St., cor. Wa^hint-fon, rh'tat-o. III.
Sub-Station C— 618 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo. Sub-Station D—t::;l Canal St., New Orleans. !. a. i'.ub -Station E—G
Whitcliall St., Atlanta, Ga. London, Eng., E. C, 97 Cheapside, cor. La.wrence Lane.
Retjal shoes are delivered through the London Post Dept. to any part of the United Kingdom on receipt of 15/6.
80 Stores in Principal Cities. largest Retail Shoe Business in the World
Coi rec t f( I tII
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busincbbor i,%t;i mg
dress I ashi r
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cu.scoiii models Tiid
skillfu'ly dcsisn d to
insure biiiO( tliandnsj fit
Gives distinct character to
any foot which cannot comfort-
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OSDER BY STYLE
loaCII-As illustrated, lieavy sin;'li» sole.
I02('R-Same, except witli enameled leather,
Eegal Shoe Co., Inc.)
CIGARETTES BY MAIL
Send a Postal for the "Smoke Book."
Our "Smoke Book" tells the whole story — and we will send it
FREE. But meantime, if you are out of Cigarettes, just
order what you ueed from the list below and send the money
with your order.
These list prices are regular store prices, and there will be no
delivery charges to pay on orders for loo cigarettes.
SWEET CAPOR'ALS, plain tips, = - - loo for 50c.
RICHHOND STRAIGHT CUTS, cork or plain tips, - 100 for 70c.
TURKISH TROPHIES, cork or plain tips, - - 100 for 90c.
BEAU BRUnriELLS, cork or plain tips, = = 100 for $1.00
MURADS, plain tips, = . = . 100 for 1.20
MOGULS, cork or plain tips, = = . 100 for 1.20
EGYPTIAN DEITIES, No. 3, cork or plain tips, - 100 for 2.00
All delivered postpaid at above prices, and we guarantee each
shipment to give satisfaction or all your money re/utided.
(All other standard brands carried ready to mail.)
Send check, bank draft, currency or money-order as most
The "Smoke Book" is the traveling salesman of our Mail-
order Service. It tells you a good deal more than most sales-
men know about modern methods of growing tobacco and
making it up into cigars ard cigarettes — and of pas.sing them to
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The "Smoke Book" puts you in direct touch with the most
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All orders from one section go to one particular salesman,
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cigarettes you order afterwards.
UNITED CIQAR STORES COMPANY,
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tlbe f. a, Bassette
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"JTbc enO is to builO well."
Covering the Earth
With a Cushion
REMEMBER that tale of your childhood
about that tender-footed king (in the
days before shoes were invented), who
stepped upon a thorn ?
Moved by his wrath and pain, a mysterious
stranger volunteered to cover the earth with
leather for the royal footsteps, and was
promised half the kingdom if he could do it.
He won, by making for his Majesty the
I first pair of shoes. And so we, with the
TRED-AIR HEEL CUSHION
have covered the earth with a pneumatic pad on
which the steps of thousands upon thousands fall with
a buoyant elastic softness.
It is a jierforated rubber cushion which slips inside
the shoe under your heel. The perforations add the
elasticity of pneumatic tubes to the elasticity of rub-
ber, "^he cushion absorbs all jar, adds spring to the
gait, makes the shoe fit better, and all but doubles
one's walking powers.
Get them fiom your shoe dealer or by mail, sjc.
Another good thing we make is the
TRED-AIR CUSHION HEEL
Made of honey-combed Para rubber.
Light and more springy than the old-
fasliioned solid-rubber kind No holes
to collect and carry dirt.
Patent fabric in the tread
35c. per pair by mall, or from your shoe dealer.
105 Summer Street
BOSTON. . MASS.
Ppabepr2it^ Jcv/elcrJ/ College acsJ Cla^
Offieial PFabFnity Jeweler^^.
Imp'OFtcp^ of fes\ll §Ioe^^<^.
616 Cteslnul SI-, Piiii^-
pir2^, gabbon^ and Cf2aFm^. s^n^ ppize^.
Theta Delta Chi.
T/te Volume^ Bound in Cloth^ $1 -SO-
REV» STANTON E. BARRETT,
St. Stephens Church,
New and Sixth (1905) Edition now ready
This book is replete with information of interest to all
members of College Fraternities. It contains Histories of
each of the Men's General Fraternities, the Women's General
Societies, the Men's Local Fraternities, Women's Local So-
cieties, Professional Fraternities, Honorary Fraternities and
Miscellaneous Societies ; a Directory of Colleg:es and Chap-
ters, Statistical Tables of g:reat interest, articles showing the
geographical distribution of Chapters, Nomenclature, In-
signia, a Complete Bibliography of Fraternity publications,
information Cconcerning hapter House ownership. In
short, the Sixth Edition is a Complete Cyclopedia of Fra-
ternity Information. It is bound in befitting covers of blue,
white and gold, and will be sold at $2.00 per copy, postage
This book should be in the library of every Charge.
Send check or money-order to
BUSINESS MANAGER, ^^THE SHIELD/^
47 Elm Street, Elizabeth, N. J»
\.im 2^ 1?05
J. F. NEWMAN
---# Badge and Jewelry Manufacturer <
OFFICIAL FRATERNITY JEWELER
J. F. NEWMAN
COLLEGE FRATERNITY BADGES
No. n JOHN STREET