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TIKJIE @!li!9£i!J>« 

If^PmU, l'890. 






Tii mmiM. 

^mK '<'890. 


Abel Beach, ---.... 7 

The 810NIPICANCB OP THE Insignificant, - . . 14 

W1N8OR Brown French, - - - - - - 15 

The New York Graduate Association, - - - 17 

Verses by Abibl Beach, ------ 28 

Central New York Association, - - . . 23 

Oration by Jacqb Sfahn, - - - - - - 25 

Song — Theta Delta Chi, - ^ - . . . 32 

Memoir— Edward Leicester Plunkett, - - - . 33 

The Delta Charge; - - - - - - 86 

A Theta Deltas Trip To California, - - - - 38 

Pan Hellenism, - - - - - • - 40 

The Shield, ------.43 

The Grand Lodge, _---.. 45 

Our Graduates, ------- 49 

In Memoriam, - - - - r - - 71 

Editorial, - - - - - - - - 73 

Poem by Abel Beach, - - - - * - - 86 

Editorial Notes and Comments, - - - - 87 

Correspondence, ---.._ 94 

Our Exchanges, ------- 99 

Fraternity Gossip, -.-... 107 

Song — Hail Tiieta Delta Chi, - - - - - 116 

College Notes, .--... ^17 

Charge Letters, - - - - - - 121 

Hail to the Land of the Free and the Brave, - - 140 

Our Theta Delta Chi, - - - - - - 141 

Subscription price to graduates, in advance, I1.25 Single copies, 50 

To undergraduates while in college, |i.oo. Every member of a charge 
is expected to subscribe except the charge editor who receives a copy for 
his services. Charge subscriptions are payable in advance and no copies 
will be sent to any charge till payment is made. A bound copy of each 
volume will be sent to each charge at the end of the year, for their 
library, with the compliments of the publisher. 

All remittances must be sent to the publisher. 

Bound copies of Vol. IV or V will be supplied for $2.00 each, or both 
in one book for I3.50. Send orders early, the supply is very limited. 

Address all correspondence pertaining to any department of the Shield 

to the publisher. 

CLAY W. HOLMES, Editor and Publisher, 

Ehnira, N. Y. 
Entered at the Elmira Post Office as second class matter. 

Abel beach. 

. A 

C^ T— 1 1 '^ I 1 * 

O i I i t.^ 1.4 L^ . 

* i < « > 4 

r . '* » 

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' / -' * • . 

,♦ V 


N'uaber i. 

I 1* ' ' 

Ri -L^i;«i>Iish .'<! In \c>^\ 

fi CQasazine: Published QUAi^inBi^LY 


f Seta : ©effa : ©gl. 

Vol«m*vt \ ' 

Founded in rftAg. Kc-Established in 1KH4 

T9 NSW vfT-K 


A9T0R, r.^-OJt AMD 


K 1924 L 


VO^JH^lO M Vin\0\i CO\.\.tQt \di;e> 


Theodore B. BroTvn, 
William Hyslop, 
Abel Beach, 

IVilliam G. Aiken, 
Samuel F. Wile, 
Andrew H, Green. 



- 'S47 



Gamma, - - - 


Gamma Deuleron, - 

- 1889 




- '^53 

Epsilon Deuteron, 


Zeta, ' -  - 

- 1853 

Eta, - - 







- 1856 

Lambda, - 



- ^857 

Mu Deuteron, 



- ^Ss7 

Xu Deuteron, 



- 1857 

Omicron, - - 


Omicron Deuteron, - 

- 1869 

Pi, ... 


fi Deuteron, 

- 1881 



Rho Deuteron, 

' 1883 

Sigma, - - - 



- y86j 

I epsilon, - - - 


Phi, - 

- 1866 




- 1867 

Union Collefj^e. 
Cornell University. 
I University of Vermont. 
University of Michigan. 
Rennsselaer Polytechnic Institute. 
College of William and Mary. 
Yale University. 
Brown Universitv. 
Bowdoin College. 
Kenyon College. 
Harvard University. 
Tufts College. 
Boston University. 
University of Xorth Carolina. 
Amherst College. 
University of Virginia. 
Lehigh Universitj'. 
Hobart College. 
Wesley an University. 
Dartmouth College. 
fefferson College. 
College of the City of New York, 
(University of South Carolina. 
Columbia College. . 
Dickinson College. 
College of Xeiv Jersey [Princeton), 
University of Leivisburg. 
Lafayette College. 
Unii>ersity of Rochester. 
Hamilton College. 

1889. Gr^AND LCODGE. I890. 


ARTHUR L. BARTLETT, Hyde Park, Mass. 

FREDERIC CARTER, 36 Elm Street, New Haven, Conn. 


J. C. HALLOCK, Delta Hall, Troy, N. Y. 

O. S. Davis, White River Junction, Vt. 


Beta ' - - Walter J. Vose, Ithaca, N. Y. • 

Gamma Deuieron J. H. Winans, 90 So. State St. Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Delta - - J. C. Hau,ock, Delta Hall, Troy, N. Y. 

Epsilon Deuteron Chas. B. Spruce, 36 Elm St., New Haven, Conn. 

Zeta - ' J. F. Byrne, 13 Atlantic St., Providence, R. I. 

Eta - - - B. O. RiDLON, Brunswick, Me. 

Kappa - - F. W. Perkins, College Hill, Mass. 

Lambda - - W. F. Oilman, 39 Holy oke Street, Boston, Mass. 

Mu Deuieron - E. D. Daniels, Amherst, Mass. 

A'« Deuteron - J. M. Beaimont, 237 South New St.. Bethlehem, Pa. 

Xi - - . Chas C. Hofk, Geneva, N. V. 

Omicrou Deuteron V. A. Doty, Hanover, N. H. 

Pi Deuteron - ' Forrest R.'Tr afford, 40 E. 26th St., New York. 

Rho Deuteron - GrsTAVE R. Tuska, Columbia College, New^ York. 

Si^ma - - Sam S. Wallace, Carlisle, Pa. 

Phi ' - - W. L. Sanderson, Phillipsburg, N. J. 

Psi - - . Duncan C. Lee, Clinton. N. Y. 

Corresponding Secretaries. 

Beta ' - - M. N. McLaren, Jr., Sprague Block, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Camfna Deuteron W. H. Butler, E. University Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Delta - - J. C. Haixock, Delta Hall, Troy, N. Y. 

Epsilon Deuteron Eugene B. Sanger, 36 Elm St., New Haven, Conn. 

Kappa - - W. L. Ricketts, College Hill, Mass. 

Lambda - - W. E. Fisher, 39 Holyoke St., Boston, Mass. 

^fu Deuteron - F. W. Allen, Amherst, Mass. 

Nu Oeuteron - J. S. Heillig, 237 South New St., Bethlehem, Pa. 

A7 - - - Charles C. Hoff, Geneva, N. Y. 

Omicron Deuteron F. W. Plummer, Hanover, N. H. 

Pi Deuteron - Geo. C. GoEbel, 235 7th St., New York City. 

Rho neuter on - E. C. Ehlers, 180 W. loth St., New York City. 

Sigma - - C. J. Hepburn, Carlisle, Pa. 

Phi ' - - E. A. Loux, Easton, Pa. 

Psi - - - Duncan C. Lee, Clinton, N. Y. 

Theta Delta Chi Club, 







A. L. COVHvLE, 147 VV. 6ist street, New York, 


C. D. MARVIN. 18 Wall St., New York. 



A banquet will be held on the second Friday evening of each month. 
It is expected that a club house will soon be procured. 



Andrew H. Grkkn, A* 47, /Resident 

yic^ /Residents. t 

CiAY W. Holmes, Rev. Lewis Halsey, Jacob Spahn, L. W. Petrie, 

Morris Sherrerd, F. W. Thompson. 

M. N. McLaren, 53?f> and Treas., Ithaca, N. Y., 


Amherst, Bowdoin, Brown, Boston University, 

Dartmouth, Tufts, Yale. 

Seth p. Smith, O^ 82, President, Boston, Mass. 

F. W. Perkins, K '91, Sec'y and Treas,, College Hill, Mass. 


Hon. E. O. Graves, President^ Washington, D. C. 
Alex M. Rich, Secy and Treas.y Reisterstown, Md. 


Hon. Willis S. Paine, President. 

Vice Presidents. 

Hon. Samuel D. Morris, James Cruikshank, LL. D., Franklin 

Burdge, Charles Macdonald, Colonel Rodney 

Smith, U. S. A., Charles R. Miller. 

Executive Committee. 

Benjamin Douglass, Jr., Chairman. 

Charles D. Marvin, Sec'y and Treas.y 18 Wall St., New York. 

A. W. NicoLL, H. G. H. Tarr, L P. Pardee, Ralph H. Brandreth , 

Robert H. Eddy, Jacques B. Juvenal, Robert Payne, 

Charles V. Mapes, Webster R. Walkley. 


Hon. Daniel N. Lockwood, Pres. Henry Chace, Sec'yand Treas. 
. Douglass Cornell, rst I 'ice Pres. Jacob Spahn. 2d Vice Pres. 



uoLi. ui. ppi^iii, t89o. r^o. I. 

tQU •■«HM« Trtt Ut^HW S"^>>V^S. H\GH\'S 9\iW9\.^ ^O^t 
=5l^1U, \Ny*\Vl 5"^\HC>S \H S?VCi "^Ht ?t>»OlH'\ C\_OBi. 


In a plainly -furnished back room of Union College, one May 
evening in 1846, nearly forty-four years ago — by design, and yet 
by accident — met six noble men, boys they were then, full of 
life, vigor and LOVE. How little did they dream that 
the tiny seeds they were so innocently planting would grow 
into mighty oaks, which the winds of time can never sway. 
Our fraternity owes the love of a lifetime to those six. Four 
of them have closed the pages of their history, but ** their 
works do follow them." All honor to their memory; of them 
we may speak in a subsequent issue. Our purpose now is to 
dwell upon the living heroes. Abel Beach was born in Groton, 
N. Y., February 7, 1829. He was the youngest of four boys, with 
one younger sister, and had more privileges of home and school 
life than the others. The school life he enjoyed, taking from the 
first deep interest in his studies. He soon grew out of Groton Acad- 
emy and went to Homer, where at the then famous Homer Acad- 
emy he finished his preparatory course at the early age of sixteen, 
and in September, 1846, entered the Sophomore class at Union. 
This class ('49) was the largest which ever entered Union, 
numbering 200. Union College was just at the zenith of her 
glory, under the leadership of the renowned Dr. Nott, and 
this class will go down to posterity as "the most important and 
noted class which ever graduated from Union. ' * Fred . Seward is 


remembered as a classmate, and President Arthur was a member 
of the class preceding. Among the many things which this historic 
class is noted for is the origin and founding of several fraternities, 
of which Theta Delta Chi is tl^e most prominent. Union had one 
of the four branches oi^BK, and Theta Delta Chi had more ' *Phi 
Bets* * in this class than any other fraternity, Beach being one of 
the four. There were twelve men in the class who took a **full 
bill*' of marks; among them was Abel Beach, who took third 
position in the entire class. Owing to financial necessities 
Bro. Beach taught school during certain portions of the year, 
being absent about one-third of the time, yet he kept easy pace 
with his class. He graduated at the age of twenty. Imme- 
diately after graduation he accepted a position in the Ithaca 
Academy with his old academy principal. He taught here 
two years. He gave up for a short time, on account of a bron- 
chial aifection, but being imbued with a strong love for teach- 
ing, we find him very soon teaching again in Westfield Acad- 
emy, and while here, in 1853, he read law in addition to his 
school duties. He completed his law studies and was admitted to 
the Superior Court of Buffalo in 1854. He gave up teaching 
a second time on account of the reappearance of his bronchial 
trouble. About this time the attention of many eastern peo- 
ple was turned toward Iowa, a then vast uncultivated western 
State. In the fall of 1854 Bro. Beach left Buffalo, traveling 
by steamer from Rock Island to Muscatine and staging it from 
that point to Iowa City. There was not a mile of railroad in 
Iowa at that time. He arrived in Iowa City, as he supposed, 
**a stranger in a strange land," and put up at the Park House, 
the principal hotel in the town. After he registered, the pro- 
prietor looked first at the name and then at him, and reached 
out his hand with a glad recognition, inquiring: *'How are 
all the folks ?' * It was a man who had been brought up one 
of his nearest neighbors in his youth. He was made to feel 
himself at home, and his prospects were bright at once. He was 
admitted to the practice of law by the Supreme Court of Iowa , 

but his love for teaching coming back with full force, he accepted 

the chair of *Xatin and Greek" in the State University. This 


position he held for a year, and then his bronchial difficulty 
returning with renewed vigor, he resigned his position and 
sadly gave up teaching for good. This necessar>^ step com- 
pletely disconcerted all the calculations of his life's work, and 
as he himself expresses it, *'With varying health my subse- 
quent life has been unsteady if not fickle." He filled the posi- 
tion of Deputy Auditor of the State of Iowa for four years, dur- 
ing the two terms of Col. Pattee, a part of which was during 
Governor Kirkwood's administration. After this he as- 
sisted Judge Howell during i860 and '61, as local and 
associate editor of the Keokuk Gate City, but night work was 
too hard for his uncertain health, and he was obliged to give it 
up. He then engaged in the retail and wholesale book busi- 
ness in Iowa and made money during the war, but lost all he 
had and more during the depressing times which succeeded 
the war. For three years he lived upon a farm just out from 
Iowa City, which he improved and worked upon until he be- 
came satisfied that he was not cut out for a farmer. He sold 
his farm and invested the money in Davenport in business. 
Meeting with reverses which swamped his entire capital, he 
was again thrown upon his own resources, and in 1874 went 
to Washington, where he served as clerk in the Quartennaster 
General's office and Pension office for about ten years. During 
this period he found time, outside of his office duties, 
to design and patent a very perfect writing tablet, now 
in use in several ©f the departments at Washington. For 
awhile he wrote for the Surgeon General's office, in the old 
"loth Street Theatre," where Lincoln was shot. He worked 
faithfully, but his health gradually failed and he was sick too 
much of the time to claim a salary; and his physician said if 
he wished to live he must get out. So, in 1884, he left Wash- 
ington and quietly rested and recuperated with his family 
friends in Groton and Northern Pennsylvania for three 
years. His health slowly improving, he returned to Iowa 
City in 1887, and is now living there, devoting as 
much of his time as his health will permit to the pension 

and insurance business. This is a brief summary of the dif- 


ferent periods of Bro. Beach's life. Let us now lay aside 
regularity and speak of the different events and reminiscences 
which have served to make his life either joyful or sad, with- 
out any reference to their sequence. 

In September, 1856, he married Miss Zerelda E. Bowen, 
daughter of Colonel Bowen of Iowa City. To them were 
bom three boys; one died in 1861, at three years of age; 
his youngest son died in June, 1878, of rheumatic heart dis- 
ease, and his oldest son was killed in a railroad accident a 
month later. Now, without wife or children, Bro. Beach is 
sadly living his life alone, though ever blest with devoted per- 
sonal friends. The picture portrayed in the beautiful lines 
from his pen, which are printed on another page, tell 
the story with a pathos which none can feel except he has 
passed through the same experience. Bro. Beach is the author 
of many beautiful poems, some of which have appeared in 
print, but many have not. The Shield is promised the 
pleasure of first giving publicity to these gems, and from time 
to time will publish them. 

During his college life Bro. Beach was particularly attracted 

to William Hyslop — one of the noble six — and was perhaps 

more intimate with him than any of the others, owing to the 

fact that they roomed together. In regard to the founding of 

Theta Delta Chi, Bro. Beach writes : 

•*My recollection is, we aimed at good moral and intellectual qualifica- 
tions that would give us a high standing and of which we could be 
proud, in comparison with other college societies, and social character- 
istics that would secure a closer union under mystical but innocent and 
pure rites and ceremonies of the order ; and to engender a perpetual and 
inalienable personal friendship among the members in the world outside 
as well as in college life — a striking and feeling illustration of this purpose 
and its grand fulfillment being seen in the incident of war history given in 
a late number of the Shiei.d. We appreciated the artistic attractions of 
badges as w^ell as their social significance, and so it was a study to 
design one which should be attractive to the eye, and inspire exalted 
and ennobling thought. In this aim we felt like congratulating ourselves 
upon our success.'* 

I give the following college incident in Bro. Beach's own 

words : 

"When I first went to ' Union ' it was after the venerable head, Dr. Nott, 


had been president a long term of years, and given to it much of its glory 
and reputation. The old doctor had been at that period afflicted with 
rheumatism for years, and though most of us thought we were ver>' for- 
tunate in ever getting his hearing on "Kame's Elements ofCriticism,** 
his name could not be spared from the head of the faculty, for the 

But two of the buildings "on the hill"— the "North" and the "South" 
colleges — ^were erected, and I had my room in the former, while the 
doctor's abode was in the latter, he being confined to his quarters, as was 
understood, by rheumatism. It is needless to remind the old-time occu- 
pants of these classic halls that frequently after the mental toil of the 
day was over we would sit down to a refreshing game of whist in one of 
our rooms before committing our thoughts to Morpheus — though con- 
trary to known college rules and discipline. One evening at a late hour, 
in my room, several of* us Theta Delts were thus captivated, and such 
the 'all-absorbing nature of the game that we neglected the usual care of 
l>olting the door after one of our innocent spectators had gone out ; yet 
we had no apprehensions whatever of danger from the quarter whence it 
came. Transgressors are apt to neglect to look in the right direction at the 
right time. But just as a couple of our quartette were made happy by 
the bountiful "raking in," we were startled by an uncommon and halt- 
ing step, and, turning round, there we beheld Dr. Nott, not quite like 
Banquo's ghost in illusion, but in actual real life, making an almost 
midnight tour of the old "North College" — and forgetting the etiquette 
of knocking at the partly open portal. 

It is needless to say we were all dumbfounded. We knew our visitor 
perfectly, yet we were ever afterward doubtful whether he knew his 
guests, and though he took some memoranda of rather ambiguous rooms, 
it was the last we ever heard of it. But that game was not finished that 
night i We flattered ourselves "the old Doctor" discovered, on reference, 
that the boys he had found so openly and flagrantly refractory had not a 
reputation for being behind in their lessons, and so on thought he con- 
sidered it was only "semi-occasional" and concluded to let it pass with 
the simple scare. But "rheumatism" was set down by that little com- 
pany as a most treacherous complaint, from the inroads of which we 
were not always shielded." 

It is quite evident that literary pursuits were more conge- 
nial to Bro. Beach than business, as may be judged from the 
following extract taken from a letter writen to Dr. Gilbert in 
187 1 : 

"To the soul which has once tasted the fruits of higher life than the 
mere struggle for earthly subsistence, or the chasing of that phantom 
called wealth, there comes at times a sad a«d inexpressible regret that 
the bright visions of our youth have come to so serious a waking and 


that after all we find ourselves struggling shoulder to shoulder with the 
masses for those worldly fruits which crumble to ashes when brought 
within our grasp. How pleasant, then, in this uncertain and unsatisfy- 
ing struggle is the reflection that we have been instrumental in planting 
or sustaining some institution which shall live beyond the brief allotment 
of our mortal life and bless whoever may come within the pale of its 

Whether the latter part of the sentiment refers to generality 
I cannot say, but it seems to have the marks of Theta Delta 
Chi stamped upon every word, for the fraternity has lived and 
proven a great blessing and source of much happiness to hun- 
dreds of prominent men whose names are emblazoned 1iigh up 
on the pedestal of fame. The lasting qualities of the college 
boy*s love for his fraternity are beautifully expressed in a letter 
written by Bro. Beach under date Iowa City, September 26, 
1869, to Bro. Andrew H. Green of Syracuse, from which I am 
permitted to quote : 

"I was gratified to receive your letter of inquiry and to note your un- 
dying interest in your old class and society mate, even though it con- 
tained no news of your own history, which I could read with avidity. If 
I had not been so wofully silent I would like to asvsure you this interest is 
not one-sided. But duties as well as friends thicken as we go on in life, 
and amid the crowd and pressure we but hastily glance back at the 
halcyon schoolboy days of other years, give old friends the sacred but 
unperceived recognition of memory and good wishes, and turn again into 
the currents of surrounding, imrelenting duties. In such a way I assure 
you I have often thought of you." 

The photograph from which the frontispiece is taken, 
which we present to our readers in this issue, w^as taken in 
1876, when Bro. Beach was in better health than at present, 
and is a faithful picture of him as he appeared then. The 
badge worn by Bro. Beach, and one of the original seven 
w^hich were first swung to the light of day and announced to 
Union College and the world that a new race had sprung into 
being, carefully preserved during all these years, is at present 
in the writer's hands, entrusted to his care 'till it shall be dis- 
posed of according to Bro. Beach's direction. The original 
Constitution, which was prepared by a committee consisting 
of Hyslop, Green and Beach, is in the handwriting of Bro. 
Beach, and to him is due the honor of being the author of the 


motto which is the comer stone of our temple of friendship. 

That Bro. Beach has retained his love and interest very keenly 

all these years is seen in his letter of regret to the graduate 

banquet, printed in the report on another page, and also in the 

following, written after receiving a late copy of the Shield : 

"I am pleased to acknowledge receipt of copies of "The Shield" sent, 
but more especially to learn thereby that our cherished society journal is 
in the land of the living, with marked improvement and auspicious pros- 
pects of success under its present able management. May ' *Th e Shield' ' 
ever defend and be upheld." 

I can find no better sentiment with which to close this dis- 
jointed sketch than the words of Bro. Beach's letter to me 
when sending his badge under date January 22, 1890 : 

"To-day I send you by express, at your request, my original badge, 
though I do not imagine it is very different from the one now in use in 
the fraternity. It is over forty years ago, when I was a mere boy, so to 
speak, that I first had the honor and pleasure, with my other six brothers, 
to bring it to the light of day, and add its bright, effulgent stars to a 
galaxy already large and grand, and established by prestige in our Alma 
Mater. It was no trifling enterprise for our little band at such a time, 
and our hearts naturally thrilled, not only with joy, but anxious solici- 
tude, to usher into being a new College Fraternity, however generous 
and brotherly our foundation principles; however graceful and attractive 
the insignia of our membership. I am thankful beyond expression that 
it was no failure, that the tender plant then placed has grown to such 
majestic and comely proportions, and that it bids fair, even beyond our 
most sanguine expectations, to expand and increase in magnitude, beauty 
and influence. As I look back to those days of happiness and hope, I 
am only saddened to think but two out of that happy and enthusiastic 
band of seven are now left to witness and enjoy the consummation 
already attained." 

The following letter, received from our worthy brother, Dr. 
F. E. Martindale — Union, class of 1850 — so thoroughly ex- 
presses the true nature of Bro. Beach, that it should be made 
a part of this record. While it is a personal expression, I as- 
sume the liberty of giving it entire : 

Port Richmond, N. Y., March 7, 1889. 
Cr^v W. Holmes: 

Dear Sir and Bro.: — Yours of the 6th inst., with inclosed proof sheet 

of history of Bro. Ahel Beach, is at hand. That document apparently 

covers the ground fully and is to me an exceedingly interesting record 

of one of the prominent founders of -^ X. The fact therein specially 

14 THE SHIEI^D. • 

referred to, as to the short period of time actually spent by liim within 
the College precincts, will readily account for the comparatively slight 
acquaintance had with him by under classmen of his own society. I re- 
call having met him occasionally after my entrance into the Society in '48, 
but no such intimacy was possible between us as was notably the case in 
respect of Green, Hyslop and Akin. Bro. Beach, as I remember him, was 
essentially of quiet, retiring habits, a close student, manifesting but slight 
interest in our Society matters, but the deepest possible in his books. I 
can hardly imagine him to have been enthusiastic about anything except 
it was Greek or Latin; and yet, behind his quiet manner and recluse 
habits I am inclined to the opinion that there did exist a feeling of pride 
in his having been identified with the foundation of the then infant Greek 
letter society; yet with him, as "with others not actively engaged in the 
work of construction, I question if the idea was ever entertained of its 
possible growth beyond the limited circle within which it had its origin. 

My impression of Abel Beach from my standpoint of to-day, looking 
back through the vista of forty-one years that have elapsed since we 
last met, is that he was bom for the profession of letters he has so greatly 
honored and for which he seemed, by the bent of lx>th mind and ijicliua- 
tion, particularly adapted. He is undoubtedly a man of great learning 
arid literary ability, and, as one of the Immortal Six, must ever hold a 
prominent place in any record of the origin and growth of ^ X. 

The purpose you have in view of collating the records of our living 
founders, from their own lips or pens, w411 undoubtedly meet with the 
approval of the Brotherhood all over the country. 

A few more years having elapsed they too will have been "gathered 
unto their Fathers,*' and the time must surely come when such records 
will prove of priceless value as memorials of the founders of a society 
that has expanded beyond all conception of its organizers and has ac- 
quired a reputation, and to-day occupies a position second to none of its 
College compeers throughout the length and breadth of the land. 

F. E. Martin DALE. 

The Significance of the Insignificant. 

Though now with little thought I plaut 

The Acorn insignificant. 

In coming years it will invoke 

The stately, all-enduring Oak. 

And who e'er pulls a paltry weed. 
Whoever plants a garden seed. 
Has done a deed of lasting worth, 
And made to man a better earth. 

— AltEL Bbacii. 


Winsor Brown French was bom in Proctorsville, Vt.' When 
four years of age his parents moved to Wilton, N. Y. He re- 
ceived a common school education while at honie. He then 
began, by earnest study, to fit himself for college. He en- 
tered Tuft's College in 1855. He depended largely upon his 
own efforts for the means to pursue his college course. He 
taught school and worked during vacations on his father's 
farm. He graduated in 1859. Immediately after graduating 
he went to Saratoga Springs and began to study law in the 
office of Pond & Lester. He was admitted to the bar in 

At the "breaking out of the war, he raised Company D of the 
77th New York Regiment, known as the "Hemes Heights 
Battalion," and was chosen its Captain. At the request of 
Colonel McKean he declined the captaincy and was at once 
mustered in as Adjutant of the regiment, which position he 
held through the Peninsular campaign, until after the seven 
days' fight before Richmond. For gallantrj' on the field, by 
recommendation of his superior officers he was pro- 


moted to Major, and very soon again to Lieutenant- 
Colonel, and to Colonel in 1863. He was detailed on 
recruiting duty, and returned to Saratoga to secure 
more men. His efforts were successful, and the citizens of 
Saratoga will always remember the famous meeting, which 
was held in the Pavilion grounds into midnight, before the 
day of the draft. He rejoined his regiment in October, 1863, 
and commanded it, with the exception of one*short furlough, 
until the battle of Cedar Creek, in November, 1864, when the 
brigade commander being killed early in the action, Colonel 
French succeeded to the command, and then *'won his spurs/* 
He was soon commissioned Brigadier-General of United States 
Volunteers, "for gallant and meritorious serv^ice in the field 
during the war." While yet in command of his regiment, at 
the battle of Fredericksburg he, with his regiment, was the 
first to gain the heights and recapture the Washington field 
battery, captured by the Confederates at Bull Run. 

He came home with his regiment and was mustered out 
December 13, 1864. There are many incidents in the army 
life of Bro. French which would be of deep interest to all Theta 
Belts, and we had hoped to be able to give them in connection 
with this sketch, bnt Bro. French is a busy man, and withal 
very modest. He promised to write out his war record, but 
pressing business has prevented. We hope to give it in a 
future number. 

After the war he resumed the practice of law, forming a co- 
partnership with Hon. Alembert Pond, with whom he had 
studied. This partnership existed till 1888, since which time 
Bro. French has continued practice alone. In 1868 he was 
elected District Attorney of Saratoga County and served one 
term. He has been a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public since its organization, and is at present Commander of 
his Post. He has always been a prominent Republican, and, 
being an orator of acknowledged ability, has done the party 
good service as a campaign speaker. 

He is one of the foimders of the Saratoga Athenaeum and 
its present Secretary. He is Vice-President of the United 


States Mutual Accident Association of New York city and one 
of its counsel. In his social life Bro. French has an equal 
prominence. He is a philanthropic supporter of the interests 
of unfortunate veterans and their families, and is much loved 
by the poor. Bro. French has been twice married and is the ^ 
father of four children, three of whom are now living. His 
home is his paradise. He is a genial, companionable man, in 
good health and spirits. He is fond of sports and social en- 
joyments, and keeps up with the clubs and society gatherings 
of the community. 

He has not forgotten his college enthusiasm and the love 
for Theta Delta Chi, While iu college he was a leader in fra- 
ternity affairs. He w^ent to Providence to assist in the mem- 
orable initiation of the Hon. John M. Hay, at which ceremony 
Brothers Burdge, Stone and Simonds were also present. In 
the midst of business Bro. French does not forget Theta Delta 
Chi. He retains a deep attachment for those who were his 
cotemporaries — and, if we may judge from his letters, the vestal 
fires are still burning brightly in his heart. Any Theta Delt 
who visits Saratoga will be well repaid by looking up Bro. 
French. He is one of the stars in our bright constellation, 
whose refulgence will brighten the pathway of any brother 
upon whom it may chance to shine. 



The annual reunion and dinner of the New York graduates 
took place at **the Hotel Brunswick," in New York city, on 
the evening of February 14th. A short business session was 
called at 7 p. m. The executive committee tendered their 
report, and the President, Hon. Willis S. Paine, was unan- 
imously re-elected as also were all the other officers — see pub- 
lished list. No other business appearing, the banquet hall was 


thrown open and the brothers at once proceeded to locate them- 
selves and prepare for the business of the evening. Seated in 
the chair of state was President Paine, supported on the right 
by the Hon. Daniel N. Lock wood, Moses Lyman and A. L- 
Bartlett; on the left by W. S. Kimball, the Hon. Samuel D. 
Morris and the Rev. Albert C. Bunn. At the other end of the 
table were Albert G. Hetherington of Philadelphia, the toast- 
master of the evening, and an aggregation of the old Phi 
charge, thirteen strong. 

The menu was faithfully discussed, and the dinner was well 
served and promptly dispatched. Everybody seemed to be as 
hungr>' as the scribe. At the conclusion of the courses Presi- 
dent Paine opened the "post prandial feast'* in a few well- 
selected remarks on the general weal of the fraternity. Among 
other things, he alluded to the dispute existing among frater- 
nity publications in regard to the right of priority claimed by 
the "Shield" to its title, and produced what is supposed to 
be the only copy of the original Shield published in July, 
1869. No one present had seen it, therefore it was a veritable 
curiosity. It was kindly loaned to the editor for the benefit 
of the readers of the Shield. 

The toastmaster of the evening was then introduced — our 
"Curley,*' as we knew him in his college days, changed only 
in the presence of the tell-tale gray, which is gradually whiten- 
ing the handsome jet-black curls, but with the same sparkling 
eye and jolly wit of yore — and opened fire with a few facetious 
remarks and called upon the speakers. No subjects were as- 
signed, but each followed the bent of his own inclination. 

Daniel N. Lock wood, a memberof the old Alpha — ^the mother 
of us all— with "The Love of Theta Delta Chi*' as his theme, 
paid an eloquent tribute to the fraternity. He told how he 
loved her during his college days, and said he was still prouder 
of his beloved fraternity than of any other thing in his life. 
It is not to be wondered at that Bro. Lockwood's career in law 
and politics has been so successful. The eloquence which per- 
vaded his speech gave evidence of his power and ability to 
sway any audience. 


The President then read the following letter of regret : 

Senate Chambei 
Washington, D. C, Feb. 

Senate Chamber, ) 

}. 7, 1890. i 

My Dear Bro. Paine : 

I am under many obligations for your invitation to attend the annual 
banquet of the New York Graduate Association. It would give me great 
pleasure to meet your Association, for I cherish a most sincere friendship 
for all the members of our fraternity, but it will not be possible for me to 
be in New York on the 14th, and I must deprive myself of this pleasure. 
I thank you for the cordial urgency you add to the tempting invitation. 

Sincerely yours, 

Nathan F. Dixon. 

The President proposed the health of the Hon. Nathan F. 
Dixon, the first Theta Delt honored with a seat in the United 
States Senate. All arose, and his health was drank with a 

Rev. Albert C. Bunn said this was the first time he had met 
the brothers, in a body, in many years. It seemed like old 
times and awakened his old love for the fraternity. He ex- 
pres.^d a firm intention to be present at the next banquet. 

Hon. Samuel D. Morris, the oldest member present, said his 
memory reverted to the time when Andrew Jackson was elected 
President. Although old in years, he was not old in feeling 
and still glad to welcome Theta Delts. The trouble with busi- 
ness men in this age is that they do not stop long enough in 
this hurr>'ing career to renew their social joys. It would give 
them renewed strength for the duties they are called upon to 
perform. It always gives me pleasure to be present at such 
gatherings as this. I recollect away back, forty years ago, 
when these pleasant associations were formed, and have had 
many regrets that I have not more faithfully kept up the early 
and loved associations. If I had, I could have known more 
of those whom I loved when in college. There is only one 
now living whom I knew, and, although he lives in this city, 
I have not seen him in thirty-eight years. I hoped to see him 
here to-night. Young men, I was a Theta Delt long before 
you were bom. I give you a word of advice: when you start 
out in life, make your mark high and let your watchword be 
friendship. I re^et the many years I have thrown away in 


politics. Men say I have had a successful political career. 
No. It has been a miserable failure. I gave up friends and 
the social joys of life. The less you have to do with politics, 
except as a good citizen, the better you are off. I am glad to 
be here with you and feel as young as any of you while I am 
here. I am glad to see the spirit of friendship. It makes 
one feel good to be with his brothers. I shall be more social 
in the future than I have been heretofore. 

William S. Kimball said he never made a speech in his life. 
He was present at the graduate dinner two years ago, the only 
one he had ever attended before. He testified to his love for 
the fraternity, and said he would be glad to assist in the re- 
establishment of the Chi. 

The President proposed the health of Bro. Kimball, who, 
although not always present, never failed to give substantial 
evidence of his remembrance of Theta Delta Chi at every ban- 
quet. His health was both smoked and drank. 

J. H. Bradbury, the only survivor of the three actors who 
belong to the fraternity, gave evidence of his abilities in the re- 
marks he made concerning Florida and "Bill Teadworth," and 
the Theta Delt flag in the sand. 

Clay W. Holmes spoke in reference to "The Shield,'* and 
gave a history of its publication and his experiences. Much 
interest was manifested, and substantial encouragement re- 
ceived, for which the thanks of the editor are gratefully ten- 

Bro. Kimball moved that every member present subscribe 
for the Shield, which was unanimously carried. 

A. L. Bartlett, President of the Grand Lodge, spoke on the 
Fraternity. He said it meant perhaps love. It has a wide 
significance. When it saves a man from a Spanish prison, 
when it rescues a man from an ignominious death, it shows us 
that there is something in it deeper than the mere expression. 
When we contemplate the histor>' of Theta Delta Chi we get 
some idea of what "fraternity" means. 

James Cruikshank spoke briefly but eloquently of his love 
for Theta Delta Chi. 


Edmund W. Powers said: No occasion but a reunion of Theta 
Delta Chi would have brought me out. I re-echo the eloquent 
sentiments of the other brothers. The object of this fraternity 
is the love which exists between us. The intellectual training 
is not the only thing in a college course. The development of 
the social is what makes a man a good citizen and a good 

I. P. Pardee spoke of the many reunions he had attended, 
and the renewal of the old college life in meeting so many 
brothers from the Phi. Over one-third of the brothers present 
to-night are members of the Phi. I knew and loved them 
when in college, and to meet them here is a source of great 
pleasure to me. I have always been proud of the Phi. I am 
glad to know that the old Phi charge is doing such a good 
work in making the * 'Shield" the pride of the fraternity and 
the peer of any fraternity magazine published in the land. 
The Theta Delta Chi fraternity was the first to publish a purely 
fraternity publication, and to-night I can say she now publishes 
the best one. You all know that Clay Holmes is doing a grand 
work. The Phi is proud of it, and we have to-night given 
substantial evidence of our faith in him and our desire to sup- 
port him in every way possible. 

Moses Lyman said : I am glad to be with you. It is a 
pleasure, and I hope to repeat it. The stately Hudson is the 
pride of New York. The whole United States is proud of her 
Mississippi. The Nile is the pride of Egypt. The Amazon is 
the glory of South America, The Thames is the delight of 
England. In the midst of the ocean I look for the waters of 
each — and the ocean answers: "I know them not. They are 
mingled together." So it is with us. We know no Alpha, 
no Delta, no Zeta. We all meet together and know no charge. 
We see only the friendship which exists in all alike and min- 
gles here to-night, illustrating the divinity which exists 
therein. I hope to be with you another year. 

Regrets were received from many of the brothers, and the 
following were read : 

22 the shiei,d. 

February 14, 1890. 
My Dear Dougi^ass : 

I find, at the last moment, , my flesh rtf»7 participate in our annual feast 
this evening; but my spirit will be at the board in full proportions. 

Yours in truth, A. W. NicOLi,. 

Iowa City, Iowa, January 22, 1890. 
Dear Brothers : 

I am in receipt of your kind invitation to be present at the "New York 
Graduate Banquet," on the 14th prox., and would only be too happy to 
do so, but other duties and engagements will prevent. I wish you a very 
happy reunion of heart and hayd, a social good time to be remembered, 
*and a lever power in all our fraternity conventions exerted thAt will lift 
to still more glorious heights our grand old "Theta Delta Chi." 

Speaking with seeming counsel — as a * 'Father in Israel" — ^allow me to 
add the following sentiment : 

Consider not only the present, with its many allurements and cares, 
Whether bom for a prince or a peasant, eternal your interests stand ; 

Have a care for the plant that repays you in the golden fruit that it bears, 
And the paeans of ages will praise you for labors so loving, so grand. 

Here's to the "Shield" ; Long may it prosper, protect and prevail ! 

Fraternally 3' ours, Abei* Beach. 

The Toastmaster then proposed the customary reverential 
toast to the Omega charge, which was drank in silence, and 
the pleasant reunion was over. 

The following list comprises those who were present and 
registered: Samuel D. Morris, A, '48; James Cruikshank, A, 
'51; Moses Lyman, Z, '58; W. S. Kimball, z/, *58; D. N. Lock- 
wood, J, '65; Albert C. Bunn, H, '67; Willis S. Paine, -V, '68; 
Clay W. Holmes, 0, '69; A. G. Hetherington, T, '71; Jac. 
B. Juvenal and Benjamin Douglass, Jr., ^, '71; I. P. Pardee, ^, 
'74; Barton Pardee and Charles B. Adamson, ^, '77; Charles 
D. Marvin and Alexander Elliott, Jr., ^, '78; E. A. Scribner,//, 
'79; J. H. Bradbur>% A', '79, John Markle, ^, '80; Edmund 
W. Powers, K, '81; C. W. Davenport, ^, '81; A. Markle, ^, 
'82; Robert J. Mahon i'^, '83; A. L. Bartlett, yt ^84; Charles 
P. Stevens, A', '84; Elias A. de Lima, B, '86; G. R. Tuska, 77'^, 
*88; E. C. Ehlers, /7^ '92;' F. H. Patterson, 7^^'9o; Richard 
D. Pope, 77^, '92. 



l,et as cherish for each other, as true brother should for brothers, 
Heartfelt friendship, never failing through the ages of eternity, 
And oar Shield will amply cover all devoted friends or lovers, 
Who with happy hearts are sailing in the ship of our Fraternity. 

— Abel Beach. 


While with spring time you are playing, it is never once delaying, — 
While soft summer winds you're greeting, golden clouds are ever fleeting, — 
While rich harvest days are staying, sere leaves falling are betraying 
That o'erhead, beyond entreating, winter winds will soon be meeting. 

— Abel Beach. 


The ninth annual re-union of the Central Association took 
place at the Globe Hotel, in Syracuse, on the evening of Feb- 
ruary 2 1 St. The meeting was called to order at 9 p. m. In 
the absence of the President, Dr. D. Pardee, Vice-President 
Andrew H. Green, of Syracuse, presided. The following 
brothers were present: A. H. Green, ^, *47;» Clay W Holmes, 
^1 '69; Jacob Spahn, X, '70; A. G. Benedict, F, '72; I. N. 
Gere. W, '84; J. D. Cary, W, ^84; W. R. Sherrerd, A, '86; 
Wm. E. Carr and Chas. C. Hoff, S, '90; W. R. Webster, B, 
'90; R- B. Perrine, W, 'go; W. E. Hills, 3, '91; M. N. Mc- 
Laren, Jr., and E. C. Haggett, B, '91; J. C. Hallock, J, '91; 
D. C. Lee, W, '91; W. I. Vose and T. B. Van Dom, B, '92; 
H. E. Wilford, N. P. Willis, Chas T. Ives and H. W. Maur, 
W, '92; Frank L- Counard, B, '93. After the regular routine 
business was completed, the following officers were elected for 
the ensuing year: President, Andrew H. Green, Syracuse; 
Vice-Presidents, Clay W. Holmes, Elmira; Rev. Lewis Halsey, 
Farmer Village; Jacob Spahn, Rochester; L. W. Petrie, Syra- 
cuse; Morris Sherrerd, Troy; F. W. Thompson, Syracuse; Sec- 
retary and Treasurer, M. N. McLaren, Ithaca. The date of 
the next banquet was fixed upon as the Friday nearest Wash- 
ington's Birthday. No other business appearing, the brothers 


adjourned to the banquet hall. After the dinner had been 
served and consumed, the toast-master of the evening, Brother 
J. D. Gary, introduced the orator of the evening, Brother Jacob 
. Spahn, who immediately electrified his audience by stating 
that "the toast-master did not span the Area when he asked 
me to Spahn the floor." The full text of his oration will be 
found on another page of this number. After this feast of rea- 
son, the toast-master settled down to business and ground out 
the grist — the only objection which could possibly be raised 
would be that he talked more than any of the speakers and took 
the windoutof everybody's sails before he would give the floor. 
The eflect was .,-,<— benefit of 

so marked ^^^K those who 

thatoneofthe ,^ Ifc^- * ' weresimilarly 

boys h ad a ^1^' '^^ affected. It is 

dream after he '^^v^^^J ■■.-  ^" accurate 

got home, — ^ ' ijmI jI> reproduction, 

with haste he inhL ^t ^^^'^^jf^^y.^ especially the 
traced his vis- '''WJ^ iil&^^ ftlt"!»i t^ ^^^' ^^^''y' 
ion, and the ^.'^||'lll I i' I °"^ ^^^ ^^^ 

result of his ■•ll ift \ li t ' there will re- 

midnight la- '. i^k I / / /] cognize it ex- 

bor is repro- tSi.,, , cept theorigi- 

duced for the ■" n a 1 o f the 

picture. It is a question as to whether we sympathize most 
with the subject or the artist. One would think from an ex- 
amination that the toast would scratch his neck going down. 
Perhaps it did. In the brief respites, while the jolly toast- 
master was recuperating for an onslaught on the next victim, 
the following brothers made brief remarks on the subjects 
assigned; Prof. A. G. Benedict, "Our Fraternity, Our Fine 
Chapter House, and Our Loyal Sisters." Fraternity is a very 
beautiful decoration of college life. It gives us what nothing 
else will. To say I have enjoyed my connection with this 
fraternity is putting it feebly. 

The Delta Chai^ Morris H. Sherrerd. 

The Beta Charge W. R. Webster. 


The Xi Charge C. C. Hoff. 

The Shield Clay W. Holmes. 

The Grand Lodge J. C. Hallock. 

Mixed Drinks M. N. McLaren, Jr. 

The Ladies J. H. Pardee. 

The Omega Charge In silence, and standing. 

The wee small hour of three having arrived, the banquet 
was broken up. Those who should have attended this banquet 
but failed to put in an appearance, have no conception of the 
enjoyable season which they missed. To the older graduates 
such occasions are invaluable. They renew one's age and freshen 
his memory. The iron-clad habits of business gain so cruel a 
hold upon some men that it is very hard to shake it off. If 
you would only try it once the charm would entice you every 
time. Don't let another banquet go by. Attend it and show 
your love for Theta Delta Chi and she will return it a thousand- 
fold. The ninth annual banquet was a perfect success in ever>'- 
thing except numbers, and those who were there received a 
full measure of enjoyment. 



The Central Mew CJork Association Banquet 



In March, 1879, a book was put into the market by a journalist named 
Henry George, which created quite a sensation among social reformers. 
Its chief feature stood out as the advocacy of a new theory of political 
administration. The central factor of this theory rested in the proposi- 
tion that all taxation should be imposed upon and derived from land 
alone, and that the last should be national domain to the exclusion of 
private ownership therein, and private title thereto. The land was then 
to be leased out by the government for every manner of social or indus- 
trial purpose at fair and commensurate rentals, and these rentals were 
to constitute the national revenue from internal sources for the public 
use as well as for the administration of local and general public affairs. 
The new scheme contemplated a state of things in which private owner- 
ship of land should wholly cease, and rentals, in place of depending 


upon an accord between a personal landlord and a lessee, should be 
fixed by the government alone. Mr. George entitled his book Progress 
AND Poverty. It has made a fortune for him which he may since have 
invested in remunerative real estate, for he has almost entirely subsided 
as an oracle and an authority in matters of political economy. There 
was little which the book contributed to the questions he discussed that 
could strictly be called new; nor was his discussion of these questions quite 
as clear and logical as he sought to make it radical and revolutionary. 
Still the ambition of the effort was very lofty while, from the nature of 
things, the theme itself, race amelioration, is always timely. Mr. George 
set forth boldy to abolish poverty; and as he viewed in poverty the 
source of all crime, his mission became the eradication of that evil among 
human kind, while broadening the scope of and the opportunities for 
general happiness. This looked exceedingly philanthropic and spurred 
scholars on to investigate his reasoning. There were innumerable re- 
views and criticisms of it, good, bad and indifferent, which led to in- 
vitations and banquets of the author in various quarters of the 
globe. Such are now no longer tendered the missionary of 
"Single tax reform,'* and they doubtless remain to him only as 
a flattering reminiscence of the time once when he was a noted, 
a feted and an almost great man. But all the interesting business ended 
rather in the defeat of the book and its doctrines, than in their wide 
propagation and general adoption. To-day these doctrines do not own 
the weight which they seemed to have while their vehicle, Mr. George 
and his book, were fresh to the public. Other teachers have come, and 
other books have been written having the amelioration of man and the 
improvement of society in view, so the little tome on Progress and 
Poverty is giving way to other thought rapidly and becoming one of the 
curiosities of the literature of tentative political economy. Latterly a novel- 
ette by a Bostonian, Edward J. Bellamy, entitled Looking Backward, has 
crowded Mr. George's book almost entirely out of the field. The author 
of this novelette is an imaginative lawyer. Despite its unpretentious 
form and title, the contribution that its tenets furnish to the ever swelling 
literature of social reform, is very considerable, and these tenets are as 
striking as the contribution itself is original. Mr. Bellamy's plan is 
simple. He is essentially a communist. Observing, as any thoughtful 
person may readily do without great mental exertion, that the incentive 
to nearly all selfish human endeavor in civilized communities, which 
operates most potently, is the acquisition of personal wealth, or more 
specifically stated, the acquisition of hard cash, Mr. Bellamy proposes 
another form of economic abolition altogether different fi"om the one 
proposed by his predecessor for social reform and advocates therefore the 
eradication of money out of the social economy. The Bellamy proposi- 
tion is not thus stated with the most scientific nicety of precision, yet this 
unassuming wording of it here is intended in all good faith to carry the 


sense and scop>e of it home to the man of average education and under- 
standing. Mr. Bellamy has found, as every intelligent man who looks 
about him must find, that a great deal of the crime and wrong perpe- 
trated in the world, that the nigh constant lapses from virtue, male and 
female, in all quarters where money constitutes an invincible social force 
and is able to purchase everything reasonably worth wishing for, come 
from or are due to the plain, {H-actical fact that a person without money 
is of very little account, though nature may have endowed this person with 
the combined virtues sanctioned by all the religious creeds of civilia&ed man. 
If, then, money be legislated into nonentity by taking from it all value — ^by 
abolishing it as a universal means of exchange — by emasculating its won- 
derful faculty of accomplishing all manner of bad as well as difficult 
things for its possessor — ^by placing it where it has not even the buying 
power of confederate scrip — ^where, moreover, it is confiscated and de- 
stroyed at once as soon as any of it is discovered, and where the owner- 
ship of it in any quantity is as idle as the title to a ton of salt water a 
thousand fathoms under mid-ocean, while all property, real and personal, 
becomes a common fund in which the rights of each person are equal, 
according to an established standard of merit (or desert), lives will no 
longer be staked nor taken for money, reputations will not be made nor 
blasted, honors will not come nor go, toil will not be wasted nor devoted, 
wrong will neither be wrought nor crime contrived and committed, solely 
for money. From this felicitous condition will result a conservation of 
humane energy for virtue untainted with avarice and uninspired 
by greed. The awful dread of the distress and privations of poverty 
will in the same instant be removed with their ungenerous influences 
upon human action. And this, in brief, is the ingenious Bostouian's 

Mr. Bellamy has struck the nerve of much that pains and entails 
misery to man. The potency of money (a wholly artificial quality) is the 
practical cause productive and provocative of nearly all the misery and 
crime in the world which have not their origin in heredity, and even the 
worst share of the same thus originated. To annihilate money as a factor 
in human afiFairs takes away the evident occasion of almost unlimited 
mischief, outrage, cruelty, oppression, selfishness, and other most hu- 
miliatingly human manifestations of inhumanity. If the better trend of 
the world figfures in the adoption and execution of the peculiar line of con- 
duct which the doctrine of altruism involves (a truth that ought to be 
self-evident U then the annihilation of money and the reorganization of 
society into a commune of coequal proprietors sharing all property and 
enjoying all rights therein and thereto, in the manner Bellany would fix, 
will certainly reduce to the vanishing point the almost earth-wide scope 
of one of the great passions of mankind, money -getting, with all its un- 
fortunate, degrading, dangerous and damnable incidents. 

But while crime and vice will undoubtedly cease to obtain recruits from 


that particular and peculiar quarter, the other conditions whence they 
are recruited still remain favorable and abide. The fact is too plain and 
true, alas, that the artificial potency possessed by money is not the cause- 
total of all social evil and human sin, nor of vice nor of crime in man. 
What disposition shall be made of the various malevolent passions of the 
human heart which do not concern money nor its fluctuations in the 
financial market, and are neither affected nor influenced by matters of 
purely material prosperity ? 

Othello did not smother Desdemona for money, though he willingly 
enough slaughtered for sordid hire and risked his life lavishly in behalf of 
the republic of Venice and its honors to him. The sorrowing Werther, whose 
misery and troubles are sincere and poignant as any misery and troubles 
ever w^ere (his right name out of the domain of fiction having been 
Jerusalem), will not be made way with when money is summarily legis- 
lated out of existence; and the debatable alternative before his melan- 
choly mind will still be murder of himself or of his rival in the affections 
of Charlotte. With or without money, rejuvenated Faust will do wrong 
and bring sin, dishonor, disgrace, death and the punishment of eternal 
hell-fire to beautiful but confiding Marguerite, as well as assassinate her 
brother Valentine. And, indeed, what good or service to even 
Mephistopheles would money be? The pitiful tragedies in Ro- 
meo and Juliet annually find their romantic counterparts in 
every clime, endlessly repeating themselves with no very material 
alterations, whatever be the material prosperity of the two love-stricken 
young people who perennially figure in them. Lucrece, virtuous and by 
that very token most radiantly seductive to the lecherous Tarquin, will 
meet and be overwhelmed with shame be the coin current of the land 
Roman talents or buzzard dollars. The mandate of vile Appius Claudius, 
which drove a father's knife into Virginia's innocent heart, went forth 
and would have gone forth, with money playing no part whatever among 
the motives of any of the actors in this o'er true and most harrowing 
Roman melo-drama, nor influencing in the slightest its sinuous move- 
ment from act to act. Infatuated Antony will become doubly traitor 
again and brand himself, though brave and wise as he had been so often 
before, both fool and coward at Acteum for wanton Cleopatra. notwithstand- 
ing spouse Octavia, faithful and loving at loyal Rome, sacrifices her money 
and supplicates her household gods without stint in his drunken, un- 
worthy and ungrateful behalf. Money and money-getting do not figure 
here as the spur of unusual human action any more than either figured 
at Austerlitz with Napoleon or marked the sweeping motive for the Rus- 
sian invasion and the campaign of Moscow with all their tragedies and 
blood-curdling horrors. To the profounder psychologist it is a serious 
question, indeed, whetlier tired Jay Gould's industry and application are 
inspired at all any more by the desire to add another dollar to his already 
immense and more than useless fortune. Thus are enumerated, by way 


of illustration, a diverse series of forces, each of which wrought a malevo- 
lent effect upon the humanity cotemporaneous with it, as far and as deep 
as it was able to reach. 

The gravest portion of the human problem still vainly pleads for solu- 
tion, and it becomes quite clear from the foregoing illustrations that the 
salvation of the race is neither realized through the abolition of private 
titles to land nor the extinction of money as an operating entity in the 
great social and economic world, be the promises of Messrs. George and 
Bellamy respectively in the premises ever so solemn and their reasoning 
ever so conclusive on the surface. But, brethren, we may still be thankful 
to these two writers. They have shed some light in very dark places, and such 
illumination as it furnished is not the less valuable because it -prove of no 
more candle-power than that of a few tallow dips. The stride of the time 
is upward toward that solution of the social problem which began in the 
profoundly charitable teachings of the carpenter's child and culminated 
with the sacrifice on Calvary Hill. You will not even find an Ingersoll to 
flout at these, whatever he may have to offer in ridicule of the Mosaic 
revelation. If I, a very humble mouth-piece in matters of such mo- 
mentous concern, have any commendations to formulate, they are, as 
they must be in the premises, wholly congratulatory to the American 
people. And I am proud to be one of this great people. We are in the 
van of humanity. But the farthest place in the pitiable foreground 
reached by even us has brought little succor to the common lot. The 
position of man, the condition of society, are still wofully below the 
place and plane where, in this advanced century, the progress of human 
thought has a right to look for it and demand that it be located. Human 
justice and charity are essential myths; and the idols of the masses — par- 
ticularly the political idols — are still incarnated charlatans. Reform is 
the constant cry, revolution the constant ambition. When the cry for 
reform ceases to be cant, and the outcome of revolution ceases to be the 
prologue for a system worse than the evils which the revolution w^as in- 
augurated to annihilate, then may we look aloof for better things with a 
stout heart and unalloyed confidence in the future. Society has been 
often convulsed, and often bespattered with the blood of innocents in the 
annals of time, and yet the race, considering the centuries upon centuries 
which have passed since it first came to till the soil and rear Parthenons 
and dream to make a slave of the treacherous lightning, our day does not 
and cannot yet figure as the time 

"Wben the urar drum throbbed no longer, and the battle flags were furled, 
In the parliament of man and Federation of the world." 

It is, as has just been said, the sad experience of the most acute and 
far-'Seein^ humanitarians to learn that much of the cry amoug men for 
reform is cant — ^the hollow bruit of partisan opposition greedy for power, 
or the stubborn insistence of sophistical doctrinarism clamoring for prose- 
lytes. Men do not take kindly to true reform, or Socrates would not 


have been doomed by a jury of his foolish fellow-citizens to cut his wise 
days short, and point pathetically the moral of one of the most interest- 
ing tales of human stupidity in classic history; nor would Huss have ex- 
pired in agony, a useless sacrifice, upon the stake, and the Roman Cath- 
olic Church now flourish the wide world over a stupendous power for ob- 
struction, notwithstanding Luther; nor would the broad-rayed Protest- 
antism which the great German flashed out upon the religious night of 
his time, have been diverted from its quickening path to expend its best 
potency, scattered and shattered into a hundred contentious, denomina- 
tional sects, each succeeding one more readily than its predecessor, 
splitting hairs to foment exegetical discord that can end and must end 
only in the disintegration of all true religion, and in the vindication of 
sour pessimism, coupled with the success of cold agnosticism. 

And before man can expect his material prosperity to change, he 
must undergo a subjective moral and psychological change so sweep- 
ingly fundamental as to alter entirely his essential inner nature. This 
neither George nor Bellamy takes into account This, moreover, the 
writer dwells upon with sorrow more profound than he can muster 
language to depict 

Henry George has lived in the city of New York just long enough to 
see the paralyzing effect of constantly advancing rental values upon 
human energy. He has noted what is patent to all clear-seeing eyes, tliat 
under such a system of things as prevails in New York city the common 
man must toil principally for a more fortunate fellow, his landlord, and 
the latter has but to sit in comfort twirling his lazy thumbs as 
rental values spin up to higher figures (the "unearned increment**) 
and enrich him more and more. Hence Mr. George*s panacea 
for all human evils, to wit : the abolition of private, titles to 
and the nationalization of land. Mr. Bellamy, on the other band, 
is a Bostonian. He has seen the political administration of his 
state but too often within the past decade, reduced to a thing wholly 
mercenary, and the political administration of the towns and cities of 
that state to a thing which money could buy and did buy shamelessly. 
So in his turn he cries aloud for the abolition of an evil (not essentially 
an evil, either, yet the source of untold evil), to vnt: money. Of the two 
Bellamy is nearest the particular failing which menaces our country. He 
has obser\'ed truly that the morality of the republic is being sapped by 
the free use of money everywhere and for every political purpose. Were 
the heroes who sacrificed their lives at Bunker Hill, Valley Forge, Camden 
and Yorktown to rise up in a new life from the battle fields where their 
bones are interred, and, looking around them, to see the moral misshape 
which things have taken in the land they fought to liberate — ^to see that 
even so insignificant a matter as an election to a ward oflice is no longer 
possible without the free use of money, and that the sure guaranty of a 
seat in so august an assemblage as the United States Senate hangs upon a 


price, so that this parliamentary body .is become only a club for mil- 
lionaires — they would hie themselves back again to their graves, caring 
only to leave over the soil which encases their heroic bones a malediction 
upon the weak posterity that succeeded them' and spoiled wholly the great 
boon to humanity for which they fought, bled and died. Spoiled, did I 
say? — nay, the heroes were cheated, because this treacherous and pusil- 
lanimous posterity has permitted money to play the controlling part in 
American politics, when the gpreat scheme of the founders might have 
been realized fully in that broad wisdom and enlightened benevolence 
which the good men intended. 

Brethren, I give way to nb man for love of this land nor patriotic 
loyalty to its purpose and traditions, bom foreigner though I am; but 
within the forty-two states now constituting the union, I have yet to find 
a single community in which money will not obtain an office for any 
average man right speedily, be he with merit or no merit for the same. 
Indeed, it would seem, from a mere cursory glance over the personality 
constituting the minor public service of our state and national govern- 
ments, that high moral worth is as little essential for an election or an 
appointment to office as lofty intellectual qualifications. Any New 
York state legislature, these last twenty years, will affiord innumerable 
instances most drastically in point. And the legislatures of the rest of 
the states have, herein, never been better than that of the Empire state. 
When finally the law-making power of our American cities is scrutinized, 
it analyzes into elements mainly rank, rotten and utterly unavailable for 
any useful, wholesome or progressive purpose. If there be a fellow- 
citizen more fortunate of observation than I in this peculiarly significant 
and yet discouraging respect, he is most welcome with his experience. 
For the luck of the last I will fall upon his neck and send high my grati- 
tude to that just God whom all the hopeful rely upon for the rectifica- 
tion of WTong, the vindication of right, and the utter discomfiture of 
sham, humbug, inefficiency and dishonesty. 

I say finally that while the debt we owe to the revolutionary founders 
was one sheer incapable of any repayment at all by us, the average mind 
has not troubled itself much with the recognition of that solemn fact, and 
the proud trust to which we succeeded as the heirs of George Washing- 
ton has been abused by ambition, plundered by plotters, prostituted by 
the two great political parties to innumerable base uses, and finally, at 
least once, been placed by treason and treachery upon the brink of ever- 
lasting destruction. 

On this particular anniversary occasion, the eve of the birthday of a 
man who proved good and pure as he towered high over his contempo- 
raries — a man to whose exalted prowess in war this fortunate Republic 
mainly owes its existence — ^these words are passing meet, addressed as 
they be to a coming generation of voters. Upon you college young 
men, more than upon any other class of young men, shall rest the re- 


sponsibility of effecting a re-generation of things social, political and moral 
in this misgoverned land. Before you now are opportunities for patriotism 
scarcely less great than those that fell to the glorious lot of the founders. 
What will you accomplish with them, for the good of the future — what 
shall be your contribution here toward the elevation of the race ? Aye, 
what record, what glorious example shall you leave as a lesson to the 
millions that will follow when you and your generation have turned to 


• ..The Old Theta Delta-Chi, 
Wlth«its.Danaer fioatii^g high, 
•Is, our mot(or4B^d/>ur/song 
Whiclragam our stmins prolong. 

Archly our brigfitr^HiELD betrays 
In the " Theta " (B) endless days, 
Though outsiders first cry, " O!" 
And at length, ** I told you so!'* 

With its equal triune arms, 
In the center ** Delta " {S) charms, 
By the side of treasured store. 
Like the Pharaoh's Nile of yore. 

While importing sentiment high. 
With fsprti we mention " Chi '* (X); 
And for friends it may perplex 
Know *tis excellent; not X. 

In the azure space above 
Beam the beauteous Stars of love; 
And their rich, resplendent light 
Can but guide our steps aright. 

On ^-ings through ethereal space. 
With the speeded Arrow's grace, 
To friends distant, far and near. 
Are borne greetings and good cheer. 

Like the old time valiant knight. 
Wearing royal armor bright. 
We our Shields now bear in front. 
As in college days was wont. 

February /^fA. /SSi?, — Abkl Beach. 

i • 


Edward Leicester plunkett. 

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A Memoir by M. S. Bradley. 

Edward Leicester Plunkett was born in Pittsfield, Mass. , 
July 6th, 1856. He obtained his early education at Greylock 
Institute, located in the picturesque village of South Williams- 
town, Mass., among the Berkshire hills and only about ten 
miles distant from his home. There his ability and brightness 
enabled him to take a prominent place, both in popularity 
among the students and in the class-room itself. 

In the fall of 1877 he entered Lafayette College, at Easton, 
Pa. His love for mathematics and his own native ingenuity 
led him to choose the course of a mechanical engineer. It was 
while in that college that he joined his beloved fraternity from 
which he received so much comfort and pleasure in later years. 
But now his hitherto peaceful sky became overcast with 
clouds. A serious disease attacked his eyes. Its severity was 
so great that he was obliged to discontinue his course in col- 
lege and on the sad Christmas day of 1877 his vision became 
wholly extinct and he had looked upon those he loved; on the 
beautiful things of nature for the last time. It was a terrible 
thing, in the first flush of manhood, at twenty -one years of age, 
to become totally blind. Still he did not give up hope. He 
came at once to New York and there placed himself under the 
care of two eminent oculists, but in spite of every effort his lost 
eyesight could not be restored. He did not, however, realize 
it, and in the summer returned to Pittsfield still hoping against 
hope. The knowledge that this condition must be permanent 
did not come to him in one dark, overwhelming cloud. Little 
by little it stole over him and at last he realized with all the 
bitterness of despair that he was blind — forever blind. It takes 
weeks, months, and even years for one who has been so sud- 
denly afflicted to care for himself, to learn to walk, first of 
all with a cane, to have a place for everything and everything 
in its place, to learn the delicate sense of touch by which the 
blind so nearly make up for their departed sense. He learned 
to shave himself and to accomplish his toilet perfectly inde- 


pendently. His mother, dear, devoted aid to her afflicted son, 
read to him dailj' and he was wont to amuse himself b}' whit- 
tling various quaint and ingenious articles out of wood. So he 
passed the year of 1879. Early in 1880 Mr. May, a New York 
lawyer, called upon him and happened to mention, inciden- 
tally, that he had attended the commencement exercises of a 
medical college very recently where a blind man had graduated 
among the first members of his class. This statement created 
great interest in Brother Plunkett^s mind. A short time after- 
wards his sister was returning from New York when she 
accidentally met this blind man en route to Lennox. Edward 
and his mother hearing of the fact determined to visit this tal- 
ented blind physician, and did so. Hearing such an encourag- 
ing view of the matter, he determined after much thought and 
consultation, to make the attempt to do likewise. With this 
purpose in \'iew they went to New York and attended lectures 
for about six weeks, until he assured himself that he was fitted 
to comprehend the lectures and to engage in so difficult a study 
as medicine; then they returned home. 

The next year the task was commenced in real earnest, and 
so continued for four years, always having someone to read to 
him and to study with him summers. In dissecting, some one 
of his many student friends made the dissections while he felt 
them out, and no abnormality, however slight, escaped his 
tender and observant touch. In 1885, after four years of pain- 
fully diligent labor, he reached the goal and received his re- 
ward. He was an M. D. 

After graduation his own love for teaching and the enormous 
fund of information which he possessed, not as is too often the 
case, stowed away in books on the library shelf, but at his 
tongue's end, led him to become an instructor; and no one was 
better suited for the task, as results showed, for among all his 
students none ever failed to pass a creditable examination. 

As a Theta Delt, he was strong, loyal and sincere, and while 
he was able to attend but few meetings, it was one of his great- 
est delights to hear the accounts of the secret doings at the 
meetings from a brother's lips. As his mother so aptlj'' ex- 


presses it, *' The thought of brotherhood, of fraternity is always 
sweet, but is most precious to the person who finds himself 
dependent; thus it was with my son.'* His mother was his 
mainstay, his eyes by which all his learning came, the com- 
fort and solace of his dark hours, the companion of his 
bright ones. The poem dedicated to her by Mr. Bartlett, of 
Concord, Mass., is indeed a beautiful one. It is as follows : 

" May he who made the blind to see, 

Comfort, and bless and strengthen thee. 

And with his never-failing love 

Uplift tear-blinded eyes above 

To scenes which blessed the close shut eyes, 

opened in blesised Paradise. 

** Your love to clouded eyes gave light, 
Endowed a helpless soul with might, 
So that it rose a g^aut power 
Worthy his manhood's early flower, 
And his short life in splendor shone 
Both with his genius and your own." 

After an illness of short duration, so short that few of his 
firiends were informed of it, he died at 2:30 a. m., January loth, 
of pneumonia- Just before his death he reached out his hand 
trembling and cold, and said: ** I want someone to give me the 
grip of Theta Delta Chi.*' And then he lay back in his bed 
and commenced singing one of the fraternity songs with such 
a sweetness, such a pathos that it brought fresh tears to the 
already moist eyes in the room. 

In his funeral sermon the Rev. Robert Collyer said: ' 'Stricken 
in early life by the terrible calamity of losing his eyesight, 
lamed and crippled as he was, he was content with nothing 
short of the best attainable. A man endowed with rare mental 
gifts, with a persistency and determination indomitable, he 
gained the love and reverence of his students and of all who 
knew him." 

As he lay in his coffin, surrounded by flowers, his face wore 
a calm and peaceful look. His lips were parted as if about to 
speak. His massive brow, speaking much of the intellect it 
had concealed, was cold and white as chiseled marble; while on 
his breast, like a sunbeam, shone forth the shield of the black, 
white and blue. Faithful in life and faithful in death. 


Thus passed away a great and noble man. An immeasur- 
able loss to his family, to his fraternity and to all the world. 
His bearers were Theta Belts, and as we bore him out of the 
door an echo of the scripture seemed to rise before us, '* The 
Lord giveth and the Lord taketh away: blessed be the name 
of the Lord." 



The writer would beg the leniency of his readers for the in- 
accuracies or omissions that may occur in this sketch, hoping 
some allowance will be made for the very imperfect condition 
in which he found the charge records at the beginning of his 
work. When Delta died, in 1870, all her records were appar- 
ently destroyed, leaving new Delta to begin life with nothing 
more known of her past history than the stories and traditions 
told by graduates during their occasional visits. But little was 
done during the earlier years of new Delta's existence to put 
the records in any systematic shape, and considerable time and 
labor have been spent in the past two years gathering what 
little information we now possess. 

It was in the early part of 1853 Delta was first established, 
at the R. P. I., through the efforts of W. P. Merriam, a brother 
who was too well known to the fraternity to need any introduc- 
tion. The initiation took place in the old Mansion House, 
here in Troy, the entire Alpha charge being presen,t and the 
charter members of Theta Delta Chi at the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic Institute were Antonio DeLacerda,Agusto DeLacerda, 
W. P. Oppenheimer, George A. Mason and Chas. B. Richards, 
the last named being the only one now living according to all 
obtainable information. Within a few days after the estab- 
lishment, Geo. B. Hunt and J. P. Beach were initiated, and 

others soon followed. The words of F. C. Draper best describe 


Delta's early struggle : "I entered the R. P. I. in September, 
1853, and was during that term initiated into the mysteries, 
etc. I remember that Geo. B. Hunt, G. B. Hill and E. D. 


Barton were amongst the members at that date and these mem- 
bers were augmented shortly, by myself, McDonald, Harleston, 
Prioleau, John Clark, Murney, Clark Fisher, Coit, Tilgham, 
James Smith, cum multis alies ques prescribere longum est. We 
were under a cloud as a body and forbidden to hold meetings 
by our professors, with old Ben. Franklin Greene at their head, 
who, with divers assistants, various other deep shades of 
Greene, thought hardly of our gatherings and strove to squelch 
us out. We continued, however, in our nefarious practices 
and secret gatherings and wore our badges under the flaps of 
our waistcoats while in the lecture rooms; which act of temerity 
would, had it been discovered, have been to us a source of 
Green and yellow melancholy, for I have no doubt the faculty 
would have voted for our expulsion. But it was not to be and 
the Delta continued to flourish, extending her branches like 
the banyan tree, far and wide." The places of meeting con- 
tinually changed from some of the members' rooms to rooms 
rented in various public buildings. Old Delta contained many 
well known men, none of whom were better known to the fra- 
ternity than J. J. Henry, the Union soldier found dead on the 
battle-field, his hand locked with that of a Confederate in the 
firm grasp of Theta Delta Chi. His badge; which was in the 
possession of W. H. Scran ton at the time of the latter' s death, 
was quite a curiosity, far different from any other ever seen by 
the writer. But little more is known of old Delta. Her life 
ended in 1870, the wherefor, many reasons being given, but 
the one most generally accepted is this : Up to that time she 
had ranked first among the fraternities at the R. P. I., and 
being unable to secure fi-eshmen, who, to the minds of members 
present, would sustain her past rank, they relinquished the 
charter rather than take second place. According to state- 
ments given the writer, the charge records, constitution and 
charter were burned by several of the brothers in an open fire- 
place at the old Astor House in New York, soon after the death 
of the charge. This completes the history of old Delta as known 
by the charge now existing, and to obtain much further infor- 
mation is almost impossible owing to the death of most of the 
older members. 


Delta sprang into new life November 2d, 1883, under the 
following circumstances. J. F. Echeverria, of the class of '84, 
at the R. P. I., was in 1882 initiated by the Pi Deuteron charge 
and during the Christmas vacation of the same year, M, R. 
Sherrerd,'86, was initiated by the Phi. Soon after, M. F. Agu- 
ayo, '84, and W. C. Hawley, '86, were initiated by the Rho 
Deuteron charge. In the fall of 1883, two freshmen, H. Rosen- 
treter and J. C. Schreiber were pledged, and November 2d, 
they were initiated in the law office of F, E. Wadhams, in 
Albany. Thus, after a lapse of thirteen years, Delta was re- 
established at the *'Troy Polytechnic." N. L. F. Bachnian 
was at that time President of the Grand Lodge and he, with a 
delegation from Psi, performed the initiation ceremony. For a 
while meetings were held in the oflBce of E. L. Peltier, K, and 
in the fall of 1884 ^^^y nioved into rooms in a public building. 
From there, in March, 1887, they moved into more convenient 
and commodious quarters where we are now situated, content 
in the knowledge our rooms are second to none in the cit3^ 

A Theta Deltas Trip to California. 

A recent journey to California gave me the opportunity of renewing 
acquaintance with a number of brothers whose names are not unfamiliar 
to the readers of the Shield. It was a source of regret that I was not able 
to spend more time in fraternal converse. 

My first call was on that enthusiastic brother, Henry G. Merriam, of 
Waverly, Brown, '58; my second, on Oay W. Holmes, the zealous editor 
of the SHiEiyD and business manager o{ the Daily Adveriiser, in his well- 
appointed and handsome new building in Hlmira. 

On the afternoon when I passed tlirough Bufi*alo, the eloquent D. N. 
Lockwood, Union, '65, was summing up in the celebrated Faulkner case, 
in which Brother W. B. Hoyt, of Cornell, also won many laurels. 

Kansas City is the headquarters of a glorious company of Theta Delts, 
among whom I recall Albert Bushnell, W, '71; Cameron Mann, 2, '70; 
Henry French, W, '72; H. H. Getman, W, '79; Charles Palmer, W; Ran- 
dolph Seymour, W; Don Mann, a, and Paul C. Phillips, of Amherst. 
Brother Bushnell, a prominent lumber merchant, is organist in the First 
Baptist Church and a composer of music. He has written the music for 
a new Theta Delta Chi song which is to be published soon in sheet form, 


and which will take a high rank, if not a leading position, among similar 
musical compositions. He is also a leading member of the New York 
Clnb. Some time ago Mr. and Mrs. Bushnell gave a most enjoyable re- 
ception to the Kansas City Theta Delts. 

The Rev. Cameron Mann, D. D., who a few years ago declined a call 
to the chaplaincy of his alma mater, and who took so prominent a part in 
the late general convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, is the 
popular rector of the leading Episcopal organization in the city, llis 
people have already laid the foundation for what will be one of the largest 
and most beautiful churches in the city. Randolph Seymour is in one of 
the city banks. Brothers French, Getman and Palmer have already won 
a reputation at the bar. Don Mann is on the editorial corps of one of the 
daily newspapers. Brother Phillips is director of the Y. M. C. A. gym- 

While traveling through New Mexico and Arizona, I formed a pleasant 
acquaintance with a fellow passenger, Mr. Morris, who was on his way to 
look at some property he had recently purchased in Arizona. This gentle- 
man is a son of the late Hon. Thomas Morris, the United States Senator 
from Illinois, who secured for Ulysses S. Grant his appointment to West 
Point, and who is mentioned in Grant's autobiography. Ever after Gen. 
Grant and Senator Morris were warm, personal friends. 

Mr. Morris spoke of his brother, who went from Illinois to Texas, 
where he became a prominent and universally popular citizen, and was 
elected mayor in a city which had declared for prohibition. A saloon 
keeper, enraged at the action of the temperance men, came up behind 
Mayor Morris, shot him dead and then fled to escape lynching. "I think, ' ' 
said Mr. Morris, "that my brother wore a badge like yours and was a 
member of the Theta Delta Chi." I had an indistinct recollection of 
having seen the name in our catalogue, but could not be certain until I 
reached home, when I found the name Edgar R. Morris, Brown, '59. 
He was a cotemporary in the old Zeta of John Hay, William L. Stone, 
McWalter B. Noyes, H. G. Merriam, Moses Lyman, and Hon. H. G. 
Spooner. I have written his brother for further particulars of his history 
which I hope to give to the Shiei^d. 

At Los Angeles, holding the responsible position of Clerk of the Court 
of Los Angeles County, I found that zealous and well-known member of 
our fraternity, C, A. Luckenbach. 

A pleasant drive over well built roads, bordered by oranges, lemons, 
palms, ferns and fragrant pepper trees, brings me to Pasadena, queen 
among the young cities of Southern California, where I find a cherished 
friend, James McLachlan, ¥^, '78, formeriy School Commissioner of 
Tompkins County, and later a popular young lawyer of Ithaca. He 
belongs to a family of Theta Delts, including Rev. John McLachlan, of 
Buffalo, and Prof. Arch McLachlan, of Seneca Falls, each member dis- 
tinguished in his profession. I expected to call on Brother McLachlan, 


then to return home with the relative who accompanied me, but Brother 
McLachlan is irresistible as an advocate, and I found it impossible to de- 
cline his cordial invitation to spend the night in pleasant Pasadena and 
his more than pleasant home. Here, with music and reminiscences, the 
hours passed too quickly. Next morning Brother McLachlan accompan- 
ied me to Los Angeles, where he had business at Court, and at the depot 
introduced me to a son of the noted John Brown of Harper's Ferry fame. 
At San Diego I spent a pleasant evening with another old Ithaca friend, 
Hon. Walter G. Smith, Cornell, late of the New York Legislature, now 
editor and co-proprietor of the San Diego Daily Sun. Mr. Smith wields 
as trenchant a pen as ever, and makes his mark wherever he goes. He 
is recognized as one of the ablest editorial writers on the Pacific coast. 
Clarence L. Barbour, W, '76, is practicing law successfully in San Diego. 
I had not left the train at Fresno for fifteen minutes before I began to 
make inquiries as to the whereabouts of " Fate" Bachman, the popular 
ex-President of the Grand Lodge, whose letter in the last Shiei«d gave 
pleasure to all your readers. I learned that his ranch was situated several 
miles out of town, and made arrangements to go to see him, but was 
obliged to change my plans and to leave Fresno sooner than I had in- 
tended, so could not visit our brother at ** Rancho de Clapboard." 

I had written him, however, on"my arrival, and he called just in time 
to give me the longed for visit. Brother Bachman is the same w^hole- 
souled, warm-hearted friend whom we knew in the days of yore. He 
asked me to say to brother Thetes, in the east, that his latch-string hangs 
out, and that any brother who wilfully fails to visit him may expect to 
meet a different fate by being summoned at once to join the Omega 

I hoped to call on Bishop Wingfield at Benicia, but learned that he 
also was in New York City, attending the session of the Episcopal Gen- 
eral Convention. 

Lewis Ha use y. 
Farmer Village, JV. Y.^Jan. rglh, '8g. 


The fraternity press — or at least that portion which is in 
favor of the project — ^seems anxious to hear from the Shield, 
on the subject of Pan Hellenic consolidation. By gratifying 
this curiosity at the earliest moment, their minds will be eased 
and no further trouble need be looked for, as we can bury it so 
deep in this one article that no space will be needed in the 
next number for an obituar>'. This subject received some at- 
tention in the April Shield of 1884, and the writer conclu- 


sively proved that Theta Delta Chi had uo use for it. The 
strangest phase of this subject is that only those fraternities 
which are prominent in numerical strength seem to be agitating 
it. Beta Theta Pi, and Alpha Tau Omega seem to take the lead. 
The last number of the Alpha Tau Omega Palm devotes con- 
siderable space to the subject, giving a form for Pan Hellenic 
Constitution. It publishes letters from fifteen charges on the 
subject, eight being in favor and seven opposed. We note the 
language of one writer, which is brief and decidedly expres- 
sive: **Our chapter does not approve of consolidation with any 
other fraternity. Let every tub stand on its own bottom.^* It is 
difficult to imagine what suggested the idea to the original 
projector. He could not have realized what a mixed up mess 
he was making for clearer heads to analyze. What conceiva- 
ble good could possibly result from such a move? Is it con- 
templated in the organization of any fraternity that they shall 
call upon any other fraternity or clique of fraternities to cor- 
rect, or modify thier constitution or customs, or even make sug- 
gestions in regard to any subject pertaining to them or their 
welfare? Nearly, if not all the questions agitated seem to be 
such as should be settled by each fraternity for itself, accord- 
ing to its peculiar needs. The cardinal principles of any fra- 
ternity should be — ^secrecy and friendship such as is only be- 
gotten by intimate association. Such a thing is possible with 
the few, but the moment a large body of men are united, the 
tender band of love is broken, and you have association with- 
out feeling. What would be thought of the man who should 
advocate the propriety of consolidating all religious denomina- 
tions under one great sect ? He would be frowned down at 
once as worse than a heretic. It is as feasible a project, how- 
ever, as Pan Hellenism and would be accomplished more easily. 
All religious denominations have a common purpose, and are 
not in any way antagonistic in their workings. All fraterni- 
ties have a common reason for existence, but from the very 
moment of their organization their attitude must of a necessity 
be repellent and consolidation, for even one common purpose, 
would be a Heath-blow to the prime factors in their existence. 


The Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly for November, contains in 
its '^Convention Pot-pourri' * such a spicy and unanswerable 
argument against Pan Hellenism that we beg the privilege of 
reproducing in part: 

** The main questions are what is meant by Pan Hellen- 
ism ? How far is inter-fraternal and con-fratemalism feasible ? 
And lastly cut bono ? 

In the first place Pan Hellenism is a fraternal relation be- 
tween the lion and the lamb. The lion and the lamb shall lie 
down together. And the problem is — if the Pan Hellenic 
amity is to be made permanent as Pa?i Hellenic Amity, and not 
as a robbing match — ^how to so average it that the lamb will 
not find himself inside the lion. To put the point in other 
words — this being the age of combinations of capital. Pan 
Hellenism is a kind of a Greek trust. That brethren shall 
dwell together in unity will be admitted to have its attractive 
features, but it is not generally assumed to be part of the plan 
that the Greek letters with which some of the brethren are 
labelled shall vanish like the Digamma and be forever lost. 
You, brothers, will no doubt comprehend that my definition of 
Pan Hellenism is to be gathered from what I have left unsaid. 
How far is it possible ? The lion will, no doubt, in time lose 
his appetite for lamb, even though properly roasted and sea- 
soned with mint. Until he has made this compromise with his 
digestion, the relations between the parties will be more or less 
strained. ' ' 

No argument is more emphatic than that by exclusion, 
and it would hardly seem necessary to follow up the subject 
further. The only *Tan Hellenism" which will ever be 
reached, is the interchange of courtesy between the editors of 
the Greek press. This we believe possible, and indeed, it 
already exists, with only now and then a snap and snarl. In 
days past the managers of the Shield did not approve of ex- 
changing with other fraternity journals at all, holding that the 
Shield was intended exclusively for the members of the Theta 
Delta Chi. Even so. The Shield of the present js for Theta 
Delts, but nothing is or will be published therein which will 


unfold the unwritten secrets of the fraternity, to the gaze of 
the outside world, therefore the present management can see 
no chance for harm to ensue if an exchange list is maintained. 
Some good may result thereby. We, therefore, greet the edi- 
torial Greeks, and appreciate the courtesies they extend us. 
It will do each of us good to examine the work of the others, 
and see wherein they excel us. It will also lessen the ten- 
dency which exists in each of us to say we have the best 
and only magazine. Further than this Theta Delta Chi has 
no conceivable use for Pan Hellenism. She is no infant. 
What she lacks in members she more than makes up in loyalty, 
and while she has no desire to see the downfall of any other 
Greek society, she aims to plant her pennant on the highest 
peak, and her motto will never be effaced from the galaxy of 
shining stars till the pyramids of Egypt shall crumble — in the 
deepest recesses of the largest of which can be found firmly 
imbedded for all time, the cabalistic signs of our order. 


As there has for some years existed a difference of opinion 
in regard to the establishment of the Shield, we give the fol- 
lowing facts, partly historical, and to answer inquiries which 
are being frequently received concerning back volumes: The 
convention of i868 directed the publication of a fraternity 
periodical to be known as the Shield, to be edited and pub- 
lished by the Grand Lodge, composed of P. C. Gilbert, W. C. 
Strawbridge and Jac. B. Juvenal. The subscription price was 
$i.oo per year, and no advertisements were inserted. The 
first number which appeared in July, 1869, was devoted en- 
tirely to fraternity topics. It was supposed that no copies 
were in existence, but by the merest accident a copy of this 
number was discovered amongthe old archives of Bro. Willis 
S. Paine, in a recent overhauling of his effects, and to him we 
are indebted for the loan of the valuable document. The first 
page of this historic Shield is reproduced in this number of the 
Shield as perfectly as possible. The yellowness of age and 


the poor quality of paper prevent a perfect representation. 
Such as it is, however, it establishes the fact of our priority as 
regards the issuance of a fraternity publication, and also our 
clear right and title to the use of our name, the Shield. Our 
friends of Phi Kappa Psi should note this fact, and would be 
entirely excusable if they should courteously change the name 
of their journal. Such a procedure would save some confu- 
sion. As sufficient subscriptions were not received to justify 
the continuance of the Shield, it was merged into the College 
Review, and published for two years by Bros. P. C. Gilbert and 
Wm. L. Stone, beginning September i, 1869, and ending July, 


Edwin A. Start, of Boston, revived the Shield and issued 

it as Vol. I. No. I, under date January, 1884, although pre- 
viously in 1869 it had been published by the authority of the 
convention. Volumes i and 2 were published each four num- 
bers. No. 4 of Vol. II being dated January, 1886, and then 
suspended. No numbers of either volume are now in print, 
as far as known. 

Sept. II, 1886, Bro. N. A. Shaw published No. i, of Vol. 
Ill, this being the only number of this volume printed and 
none are in print. 

February' i, 1888, F. L. Jones having been appointed edi- 
tor by the convention of 1887, resumed publication as No. i 
of Vol. IV. Three numbers of this volume were issued by 
him in New York city, but the question of finances, the great 
stumbling block on all previous occasions, again came near be- 
ing the ruin of our journal, when the present publisher 
assumed the business management of the publication — Bro. 
Jones still editing. At the last convention the Shield was 
donated for a term of five years, **for better or worse/' to its 
present editor and publisher, and we leave it to speak for it- 
self. It bids fair to have been bom again — at least it will not 
be suspended for a period of years — unless its pages become so 
rank as to merit and receive the disapproval of Theta Belts. 
If life is spared the Shield has at least a run of five rears, if 
It receives the support of the fraternity, which it may now 
justly hope for, I'pon the character of this support will de- 
pend the future size and interest of the Shield. Improve- 
ments will be made whenever possible, and continued if they 
are appreciated and rewarded bv substantial support. 


.^-^ tt r i .ae r 


JVI^V. 1809. 

Na I. 


QtigiB cf the Ibeta Delta C^ 

Y TWCaiAi «>.f« n>7 Uaa^ 
>'•* mt (*»« tv Js«>lac 

V*.t*4a *\* M 

•rf.> T 


..I I 

ihwi lk> MTijirf* Vet. 

Thi 4*j i* mO aigfe Joa*. 
Wra «ifk Urt fifWi of »<« , 

Tkt fan idvaal <(»:•* 
thi^m 9*» liitiiai turn i^mr. 


or Ti*T4 Ba.T4 Cm . 

I — I. 
V Tbt4 Cb-m Cm. 



«r iKh • Tbsta Dm 
1? 1^ 

M n.4«i«rfw OK.' 

]})f ta MK 

•I On Mi eslMtaMii *ir, liM \-i'. 

C«tlig«i4 Wi:tiMt ud M*r; «» N"i > | 
' ifkat Uht lh« ke** at Ok l|>tiia4 •>>••<. • I 
j bcip •• HMkiae r»'.«i. - XV>;l.»m »-i | 

■•ry," Ibi aUnl et^W-i kmt <>=« t» i-«f I 
! I BiM : tki Arn* lUbr of TW>«m J>'«^i | 
;(M. Jhki X>iM«r, .'<)ii Mv^lAit, Ja.a. 
I OibM^ JifcB T|?<T, *ul Wto-SeU SrW , | 
I tliWia •«« wilk W« »«>^r<l mJ I4i>k; i . 

0««i vT W*f. "run iia« U>« kM hiii>| 
! l>waSi<k4r«4i.l«i7lh(c<«MaiIks'"*"- 
•■4 in* tar tLi ikkfU tia* tk* >« ri>i->i 

- rbM:i-liki fnm im mAtm,' |i«a( iitair^ 
U tht «afU, i* iilmt (<at UmUmI ta» 
fMC*. ikM * Kavakkli;* i* PwMt.^ ^ 

" Ito c VI ••»• M« iicra)! M tW |«UMtir I 
*blwL "nij ■iliiiwl I'l Iki fit '— ' 

- ^m%m m ,Hf* el lk« r.«««laUM. W ilbii 
■■gta if (Jmb *«i« MWtKl K<a« tt tbr 
•— M Mlii « J»: «itkui*Ma>lMUKW««n| 
'MlvrJ MMI «t ifci  i bim «OTJi ikiil 
-JWlim«Mbtdtka(ctw(MipMml. Wtib  
■Ulkia kMl BMiMttd M itwhcu «•<, 
• af <ki Mk:«i af ikaM hMMi «i tlw IWt 
*«hrtiii, vlbaii ua«* m« ■»« l«ia«fl>l 
■h Ihi Atuaai •) W>U<1« M-l Jltff- 

- lUrr, ia r*«lK iWy liMi •mbJ iUw m 

- Ut laipinilMM vblrk caatKntfl >>%•> 
-wMk-wl b Ukrrty, laJ WUUm m4 
-Ibry, rnad <>f ikitt p«i<RM>i <mc. •un 
■* Uk» • (iaj Bitbfr, nacaloi Ika t<«}« 

- afem akc t«s<kl tkna ta '« ■wa.vdtli 
V ■■-•> ••.,»■_•;• v^'fct, . .<  — u. i..» ,» I 
-thiaMi IkiB tm iaawrtiiii; ini nwr 

- iLf cU «*»• tn Mt Ml} aaSaii Ut 
'M*.>aV* TWiaacMiioatef cwMrin 
°i'.a<««4.-«c»dtWa. HMf laM ken ■«* 

- tkaa ru liMdrtJ tad tivealy fcart i^a, 
 kbitMiag (!4 C««i ngkt •( %cMBa la ih« 
'bUM <rf ta satataNd wihktams a>l 
■■krfiiaiag l« * *r3 varid U« naijaiiiag 
"lunii «l Biad. Tk« tpUil •( U« iw*l, 
' bM j:rl a4h ataw rlo^aaia, ilaiUi m 
"Ftr'-aiCviiktalkaB: «faa Ikta arc Lsag 
~ M Is tiifaccitnl leaq^k'*, latkUik mmn- 
-ftal Uli'iU »r^t»a« a i a ii, aad ik< 
'iwat-r'.M <;kicUi«J !.crwt \fag Utt 
'fUt'n'^g ftaiit iiaaaJ Ika." 

f-I a", thta, ikU a»«<tal Kat af Inraiag 
rraikit oacaacpl.-iiJ I Mallei; tmn >'**» 
crJCbipal tlaaJ listiuikiill Tk* tax* 
■ji riagc.ti,a!OrU.Mtt<'a,<-f C'^jiUtUa.lf 
aa^ »l frUuMtf aatvcn, SO. OftCkna, 
I ask f«i l« nnaaitxt tet aorJ ta our 
Uanlilal 0-<n.k ataUa^ «Lkb IbUfiva tat 
(hra to IW SngUtii ItagiJga ta Ui drar 
itf btril^G— I atk ><><i la lk« aaBf af all 
tkal h («> I aad aaUa aad (ca«<a««, i« 
I Miaack fattk j^tt kaaj, aad atil cf >»» 
a t ra ad aa t a. ta rculMi la aar CkaprI lu Cur 
piifa H l Mu a I If fcal la j«« t-j tif nwt 
faa Uak aWa pM tar—t a Tkata, la riac 
vf la fmmt itiaagCk, Wlp ai lo rrar vw a^a 
tiSf It •p«a Ikf ndaa af tk* btil, aad cfTtt. 
la Ikt baaa f »l Tana I>u.T« Cai, a »oa 
nwat akkk tn cii aal dcalfaj. 
Tean, KValmallf , 
Tw^ r. McCuaiiaii. 
Oiadaate at tha %>ii)«k. 


Tk« — Aa&ual lontrsUni i( iW Tkf la 
I>iM« Cii rrat»ni(j w«4 Wl «i <'j< AM' I 
Itauii-, •«« i'k A(li >*il 'ih '-I Mar, uiJif 
Iki t'-f/t'nl aau|i^nt>l tW Ktft^l'.w^. 

i>atl > . K.f .lifrt t„io Ol Ih« U 1.. T'n .M-^ 

Vk «.l (.'jnrrelioa ami t^ aluMt ti<al Ittr. 
batiiar. \<-tc<ili<°uJiu_ .Ltml.ri •luit 

/■jni |»ai»lFa'',aar r^-T.t»»v.ia i«i«.?»<U.J. 

• ill:..«it v', !|l tV.' (•;J>U«r n-' 

' ; Ir, jut |-./vf »> .'l^a tU* «itiar*-l t*r • «r 

•I <j«>aLi«a»— firx W«. t'. .-x-, Tatar .u 

I i^i JVk. iVe jTlfcalia*Tt«pi«'wai(«>n 

!;•««; Hi«fj» Mfvjittka Kaffu,tli< <(.:;■<■» 

j <>.„<. mV' .Vis; l>aa«N>! a ilh (Mdval .il( 

;.-> pli H<iUia, (*. II. i.««t, Mu 

A. II. n"»K«i. IVi|alc<i, XiU. 

Pnl Tiio r. M<CMd!i>k,Cul. H U. Mm 

Wm. >'. fl.>«ilia>4, A'.^y^. 
a. & Tda*. a C HtMt, JTi. 

Jaba M. Cvnis M. P. .<«fM. 

a II. Ir«:a, A. O. HMferiactaa, Cf^m. 
r A. Gkm, a J Ilea*. C%L 
t>tt,f\ W Cncaa. r W. Slr«an, ni 
V C. Wataaat. S. A. MrUaik. /W. 

ta a-kUHaa la tk« fafalar iMigiHaa *» 

I A *ify fci ad w at caka aia Talad <k« 

. ekMaa a« nau Ddla CM at La Kapilt 

I hj IM ciU«ea«r Baalca, tka rata itaadirfx 

iVatelMuCMn*. »«aMCkl>M.IcU 

Pit T; ni Riaaae%Ml.-CaAra ila^r 

~ imH, 1M«. 


^ftt «« raa nvall aaly Ik* aaaca ef a 
ttm bfatbaa^ akM an aa Wlaaa , l-kia 
.V Mrina,Jr, J.C FUipairifk, Bn-j <: 
\'M»t, C. a Vtttj, llmr; li Naa-ltrM. M 
O. Adt'aM, r. C GilWfl. J. A Jakaaaa. 
A M Vwtt. Wb. H. llv!li*i*(, Jaaaikaa 
.1 Ibnia, TUnlan ('. J*«<«at. W. a 

idaataa, W. A I><H>;1a*. W ft. rajar. 

1/ ;Lf %■•■«.« ■• a bu )b4«ail<:i,^<Na 
tt.- fniidiaf (It^TC. In^ ^'alaea, af tkt 
Z<ta,aai maalaaaaalf •btttd W iW <A<t 
alScnrlary. 1%* l>aiit<-< Luutlrtl I*- 
1^ '^rm, aa MTicI; aicei ra tSal, la aa- 

J /frma. 

I ra» 1"»i I .'»\ i.kTiwB - TkK oa* •>< oar 

nltlftf rvikKT arrr.! fratrraitli^ kckl ((• 
laralt aialli Aa:iiial ):.>«ifralW>a in Ikt 
^.i>,>a »'r.l-rfcli| aa.l TkanJay nfikh 
- rt, ^...r ihT .«i|>kii nl .\l|4iaM*, »^ 
Mi-.IM ... I 'i.'.fr. a!.J aiik A'pka Kap- 
,>a. 1-; ilw ti-.'i^-a mJ tU I ;»yp( 7lr« Vark. 
II. . .Hi. . .ain^tM wrtr •!> cl ^ an fat , lj«t, 
. .■ f.i...'..^ f->ru.*^-, a larja BaaLcr of 
I b.tislTtt >I t'.c iia(--rBi(y aal daaa M a 
1 . r; c laUfau  i.ppcr al DalaoaicVa A I 
l-r B>«») •I'M^Ata, aad tka itagi^ ef lk« 
u-iaiartal — 

I1(H •aM^Mrai4i»«*«waa. 

A»a<.^ ka •*•>■ aa kxft. 
To la u aaaa » n ia laa ••«», 

i««a Ma«aa«twf»a- 

ika i.««raa7 Irak* «y rerj laack flraitd, 
uj a Ilk !.i(k kayaa lo* tka IMon atibr* 
uf Ckira.-.V ). rntaaa 

- TV ftral aad aa'} <• rtoaakty }«« citab- 
:iak/d la ikn mMirj. M ibai «ada«nl 
ana* tua* alar* al Rarraid, by Ika (iM at 
•tO.tfW. TW adraatac* M a Cat^g* Inaa 
m^'4 iaiWvaal tallaaakl^ ia T««y groaL 
Wakaya Ikta ail] rat laag naaw Ika 
iMl} aw la kmttn.~—lUmMm Ultrmrf 

Vraa*. Mn. Wait Aa la^ aga aa !•— 

au*i* Calkgr kacaM fMianwl af a M- 
l»«tk.pakMi iafcaamMik* - FrUavaklp 
aa tka »«•» Feaadaliaa.' 

Tka aaa "t ilw Ha* Mr. Maalwai, ra- 

•nliag at « k.b-maf. Wit, vaa daUraria^ 
a ' "^-M* • «J»dyi«rj Addnat, sfm* Um' 



k-h >a alaag kia Ua4k*j(kkal *an 

hta |«<Lii. W |>all«l aal a park af rcr<l« 

aktrk idl •« iIm l^wr. - n*M«* '~ ha 1 1. 

tiaiwvl. ° la* |.-at aa a} fa!h**'t c«al.~— 

■li** la lb* aiiplktUaas tlw laa (karen j Tk« scriL; tlir.aa, a ka aai M Intel al kii 

la Vlfslaia wl;! U iaaa>Jiiic<f rr itlil.- , praaiwac ►•^a. a ua.i«a caafaaad Ikae aaa 

kia ke|Mai m.»m.- JUmA /M. ihtHtf. 

Tki par«alae<Vt.t,lalkl*U4aln.allha 
Pki DaU Kappa aa* areaalrrd al WiHn« 
aad Mar} <. •Ikfr aa tail} aa ITTt. Tka 
CM BMtue aaa UU ia Ika Apaia Dall 
af lb* »M Ral< i;l. Tax ra af WiM^arj, 
iba raaaa la «k-.)i Ik* tni icToIatJiaary 

Ihtid aa-lar tka BMit baotalwi'rr 
oca Tk* MWalag mmt% at c<i|s IpiW 
dx ataa}, la iW Ni « Yark paptti; 
taar.t ?r.T» ret 
*Tk* araaalcantraiiaaof tbiaaMraiar 
•ar tvtir::* rr*|<r«ita% uralaalad Ita aaa- 
iiaa lail rmiiag. T'ja cWlfsaUa, Mpn.- 
•caila^ <k«fin> la a^l pattl^aa •( lk« 


,. ka.r. t«. lk< R. iU af Iki KtTpa ' "T"'* -f Vl^^'t ' •• ""iked la il a bara- 

charKr, \iBJaf altoia aa^ittn ika oa<<.a^ 
taea !>•• l««B rcaduclai. ViitcttJa) a 
btadtoa* la«a<r, tbr (ift af IrelbtTi CUaa. 
A Malaaa. Cipi. T. C Uilkart Md Colaail 
J. A Jakaaa, aad iaacrlLtd atvl ik* aia- 
kaU ef lb* fratfralt}, » at S<>*U>J frata tha 
ran! ef lb* Aatof neutadciaiE ■!>< iltl'lar 
a|<««*, akWh a<rr prra^bd atir 1 } Trv'. 
IfrCaa-ilkb, «r Wiriaa aad M"} ( allrrr. 
Virmala, la lb* at-^v t ef Dratkar W. f. 
Baatkard, kodUca!} rallnl a«a} aa taper 
laat baaUuM A paitiaa e( tka Uaalara 
InaaaiUd aaa tk* aJupliaael aicaaialma 
aMberiiiag Ptultiaar M< Caadiab aad Caf 
Moalac**, al Ik* Kpailaa, aba p*tautatt a 
aKaaoria] Iraa a«ak*n ai ik« caliail 
ii»«ib<rB cV^ilan aa lb* tatuMi, u taka 
tb-pa >■ coaaerlMa all^ tbr« ul Ibli coa 
la Ira la tka koalk (ar Ika nrlial el '.ka vM 
cka>:a ef lba( arctiaa. AOrt lk« *k«t(ca 
»( Ivolkrf* P. C. a Jbert, ef Um XI ; W (. 
HtraaUtJga, of (Jm tVlta, aad J. R. i»1» 
■al. oftb* ru, la naiuiau tka L. hi* 
iba »aai»( }rer. Ike aaakan oi lk« Cw- 
rrataa, tagclkcT allh a largi aiako ^ 
the c^atlaat** mt Ik* Order, raUaal ka tk* 
til}, aal da«a to a kaa<)aal al tka Aatar 
llxua* aad toacladed tktlr labata atlka 
««} (tait* tlaa-'-A r UmU 

lag aardt eT Lka;; Tk* ortciatl cbarlcr 
of iLia aurWt} It uav ia ik« iioaactaaea «f 
Ik* nitl<3<ical Nk laij of Virsla.a. -JUtil 
LaL Afowi/y 

Btffrf* Baz-nr ikiak* ~ Cklcaga h 
iNadag ca 4aa,x^< cna poaad." Pia kan a 
■al**, liar Uvat^l Ormk trkaiar af Ika 
fklcage I'alifrnii.r. >t iilra dataiard liaa 
I'la dmic* I'.T i.lx':!*, aad al aaB:k tlaaabb 
daankl.t. a c'.'t Ir*. ikaa t»aa<} jmnal 
aea, kaata tk* rnitaiwaa id kia Oiaak 
daaoa. aba boar <!<« cal} niaftlial per 
aaa al ba»l Tkit, it 1* aaki, deal aal ia- 
Jaia tka ka}!, am ikair >tk«i JU<^, Ua« 
kaa aUxl lb* tiraak I 

Tk* psUic cirniara ef tk* Part} acatul 
Aaaaal ('aa«ratt</a ■A ik« S<gaa Pkl arr le 
tt k>l-l at Uiwlra Hall, 0<a«Ta. N Y., Fa 
Joljlllk Tk« lira. Hear} Faalar i> (t 
pnU'l u< itcticfT aa Uraliaa, aad Will>a<« 
J Aakir;. £•(.. a Pna. A tarsal aad po- 
lit* aad k'lailaaaal} ta»itatiaa kai b**a 
tiWadtO lai Ik* Xi Cbarg* al Iba Tbala 
UdU Cki la ka pmcel ea Ibal accaiiaa. 

Tba Uaitttwij si Nenk Caraltaa, al 
Ckapal llill, laal frai bad n«w atadaat* 
aal) — tkra BaplatBuraa, fear Ff«*hata 



List of Members Since Orsanlxatlon, Complied by 
Frederic (^mrt^r^ Secretary. 

Coti'vention of 1868. 

John Adams Johnson, S, '62 President. 

Clay W. Holmes, *, '69 Secretar>-. 

James H. Shankland, Z, '69 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1869. 

Porteus C. Gilbert, S, '62 President. 

William C. Strawbridge, A, '70 Secretary'. 

Jacques B. Juvenal, <f , *^l Treasurer. 

Convention of 1870. 

Porteus C. Gilbert, S, '62 President. 

Adelbert P. Little, X, '72 Secretary. 

John Church, ^, '72 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1871. 

Porteus C. Gilbert, H, '62 President. 

Edward B. Hamlin, Z, '72 Secretary'. 

William M. Reynolds, Q, '73 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1872. 

S. Douglass Cornell, S, '60 President. 

Resigned Juue, '73, and succeeded by 

Frank W. Stewart, <P, '69 President. 

U^ihner //. Shields, /7, '72 Secretary', 

Lloyd P. Applenian, ^, '73 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1873. 

Frank W. Stewart, ^, '69 President. 

George IV. Haight, X, '74 Secretary. 

R. C. Briggs, V^, '73 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1874. 

Frank W. Stewart, 4*, '69 President. 

George F. Kelly, S, '76 Secretary. 

Arthur L. Brown, Z, '76 Treasurer. 


Coii'vention of 1875. 

Franklin Burdge, Z, '56 President. 

Resigned February 10, 1876, and succeeded by 

I. P. Pardee, #, '74 ■. President. 

H. H. Eddy, K, ^76 Secretary. 

TuUius A. Thayer, 0, '71 Treasurer. 

No Convention held in 1876. 

Convention of 1877. 

Henderson H. Eddy, JK", '76 President. 

John G. Blue, !F, '77 Secretary. 

George B. Markle, Jr., #, ^78 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1878. 

Henderson H. Eddy, K, ^76 President. 

Seward D. Allen, W, '78 Secretary. 

Seward A. Simons, B, '79 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1879. 

Charles C. Kneisly, Z, '73 President. 

Seward A. Simons, B, '79 Secretary. 

R. H. Eddy Treasurer. 

Convention of i88o« 

Charles C. Kneisley, Z, '73 President. 

R. H. Eddy Secretar>-. 

Jesse F. Libby, H, Treasurer. 

Convention of i88i. 

L P. Pardee, ^, '74 President. 

Jesse F. Libby Secretary-. 

Herbert F. Kincaid, O* Treasurer. 

Convention of 1882. 

N. LaFa^'ette Bachman, IP^, '72 President. 

Herbert F. Kincaid, O Secretary. 

George L. Taft, A, '84 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1883. 

Seward A. Simons, B, ^79 President. 

George L. Taft, A^ '84 Secretary. 

George P. La¥?yer, W, '85 Treasurer. 


Convention of 1884. 

Seward A. Simons, B President. 

George P. L,awyer, W, '85 Secretary. 

Carl A. Harstrom, S Treasurer. 

Convention of 1885. 

John M. Curtis, 2, '65 President. 

Carl A. Harstrom, 3, '86 Secretary. 

Isaac C. Blandy, -^, '87 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1886. 

John M..Curtis, 5", '65 President. 

Isaac C. Blandy, A, '87 Secretary. 

Henry C. Hill, //, '88 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1887. 

Rev. Calbraith B. Perry, Z, '67 President. 

Resigned and succeeded by 

Arthur L. Bartlett, yf, '84 President. 

Henry C. Hill, i/, '88 Secretary. 

M. A. Kilvert, /, '89 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1888. 

Arthur L. Bartlett, ^1, '84 President. 

A. L. Coville, P,^ '89 Secretary. 

Frederic Carter, K^, '90 Treasurer. 

Convention of 1889. 

Arthur L. Bartlett, A, '84 President. 

Frederic Carter, E^, '90 Secretary. 

James C. Hallock, -«^, '91 Treasurer. 

At the Twenty -first Annual Convention, held at the Astor House in 
New York, January 24th and 25th, 1868, the first Grand Lodge was 
elected. John A. Johnson w^as chosen President and he immediately re- 
signed. His resignation was not accepted and he served through his 
term of office. The section of the Constitution creating the Grand Lodge 
was ratified and adopted at this Convention. 

This list is a preliminar}' one. In some cases the class of the officer is 
not definitely known, and in one case there is doubt as to tlie rightful 
holder of office. If this list can be corrected and the history of each 
member and his address obtained, the whole can be made into as inter- 
ing article as often appears in the Shiei,d. If any member of the Fra- 
ternity can give information of any degree of interest, will he forward it 
to the Secretary of the Graufl Lodge and assist him in further prepara- 
tion of this list. So far as known, this is the only existing. Authority 
for data — Books of Records. 

ur ^retduetteSi. 

Note.— This department we intend to make a special feature of The Shield, and 
to insare its completeness we desire every graduate to aid us by contributing such 
items of information — no matter how trimng they may seem — al>out members of the 
fraternity, the current happenings with themselves or their families, or matters 
affecting their interests, as promptly as they occur or come to their ears. We would 
like to keep au courant with and pleasantly mention every graduate member and will 
be glad to do so if our wishes are fulfilled. — Editor. 

Daniel Lockwood, Union '65, Buffalo, N. Y., was bom in 1844, at Ham- 
burgh. Erie county, N. Y. His early education was received in Buffalo, 
at the Central school. He entered Union College in 1861. During his 
college course he was a leader in the athletics. He was captain of the 
base ball nine during the entire four years. After graduating he studied 
law and was admitted to the bar in 1866. Soon after he formed a part- 
nership under the firm name of Humphreys & Lockwood, which firm 
still exists. In 1874 he was elected district attorney of Erie county, and 
held the office one term. In 1876 he was elected a member of the forty- 
fifib Congress. From that date to the present time he has been a promi- 
nent and successful leader in the Democratic party of Western New York. 
His influence has extended far beyond, and, indeed, has been felt in the 
whole country. To him belongs the honor of having nominated Grover 
Cleveland for Mayor of Buffalo, then Governor of the State, and finally 
President of the United States. Whether the result of the last presi- 
dential election would have been different had Bro. Lockwood nominated 
Cleveland for his second term, we cannot say, but it was certain that 
when Lockwood was at the helm success was achieved. In 1887, Bro. 
Lockwood was appointed United States District Attorney for the North- 
ern District of New York. He filled the office successfully, but felt it his 
duty to resign when the administration changed. He has been President 
of the Akron Cement Works for several years; is a director in two of 
Buffalo's best banks; and also interested in several other corporations. 
-Vs a Theta Delt, Bro. Lockwood has always been a success. He is Presi- 
dent of the Graduate Association of Western New York. He never fails 
to welcome a brother with the greatest cordiality, and whenever he lifts 
his voice to utter any sentiment in regard to Theta Delta Chi, it is always 
one of highest praise. Well may we cherish such men. Bro. Lockwood 
is one of the number who reflect credit and honor upon Theta Delta Chi. 

Rev John McLachlan, Hamilton, '70, was born in Millhouse, Argyle- 
shire, Scotland, in the year 1843. His early education was acquired there. 
In 1855 his parents left their native land and finally settled in Groton, 


N. Y. Young John entered school at once and prepared for college at the 
Groton Academy. In 1866 he entered Hamilton College, and was a mem- 
ber of the old Phoenix society, which will be remembered by the older 
members of the Psi. Several of the me^nbers of this society, including 
McLachlan and R. S. Green, organized a local fraternity which they called 
Alpha Phi. Afler an existence of a year it was decided that a real sub- 
stantial college fraternity was what they wanted. Afler much looking 
around, Theta Delta Chi was chosen and an application made for a char- 
ter. In 1867 the Psi Charge was established, with Brother McLachlan as 
one of its charter members. Afler graduating he entered Auburn Theo- 
logical Seminary, where he remained three years. Afler completeing his 
course he took charge of the Presbyterian Church at Pleasantville. While 
here his career was marked with great success. During his pastorate be 
represented his district in the Inter-National Y. M. C. A. Convention, at 
Toronto. In the fall of 1879 ^^ represented his Presbytery in the General 
Assembly. In 1882 he received a call from a church in Waterloo which 
he accepted, remaining two years. In 1884 he was called to the Central 
Presbyterian Church of Buffalo. Singular success has attended his pastor- 
ate in Buffalo. He represented the Buffalo churches in the General Assem - 
bly held at Omaha. Brother McLachlan is one of the numerous shining 
lights of Theta Delta Chi. Her roll includes many pastors and we are 
proud to be represented so well in this field. The brothers are cordially 
invited to visit his church, comer Pearl and Genesee streets, any Sabbath, 
when they will be well repaid for their trouble, in hearing a good prac- 
tical sermon. 

Thomas Guilford Smith, A. M., C. E., R. P. I., *6i, resides in Buffalo, 
N. Y. He was bom in Philadelphia, Aug. 27, 1839. He prepared for 
college at the Central High School in Philadelphia. Entered Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute in 1858, graduating in 186 1 as civil engineer. In Au- 
gust of same year he accepted a position in the engineer department of 
the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. He was promoted to resident 
engineer. He resigned in 1865, and was manager of the Philadelphia 
Sugar Refinery till 1869. In 1872 he took a trip to Europe. In 1873 ^^ 
was appointed Secretary of the Union Iron Company of Buffalo, N. Y. 
In 1878 he became again connected with the Philadephia and Reading 
as western sales agent for their coal. lu 1883 he joined the firm of Al- 
bright & Smith, and took the western agency of Philadelphia and Read- 
ing coal. He is still so connected. Bro. Smith has occupied several po- 
sitions of trust and influence in Buffalo. He was a member of the board 
of Civil Service Examiners for municipal appointments in the city of 
Buffalo, a member of the New York State Board of Civil Service Exam- 
iners, a curator of the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, President of Charity 
Organization Society of Buffalo, President of graduate association of R. 
P. I., in 1888. He is a member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of 
Philadelphia, of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. American So- 


ciety of Civil Engineers, and American Institute of Mining Engineers. 
He has published several engineering reports. He married Miss Mary 
Stewart Ives, daughter of Chauncey P. Ives, Lansingburg, N. Y., in 1864, 
and has two sons. In Buffalo. Bro. Smith is looked upon as one of her 
leading citizens. His name is being agitated in educational circles 
just now as a most fitting candidate for one of the vacancies in the Board 
of Regents of the University of the State of New York. Buffalo has no 
representative upon the board, while other counties in the state have from 
one to three. Buffalo has a just claim to the appointment, owing to her 
large educational interests, and Bro. Smith is conceded on all sides to be 
a most worthy and acceptable candidate. The Shiei^d hopes he may 
get there, and calls upon every Theta Delt in the State to exert his in- 
fluence in favor of Bro. T. Guilford Smith. 

Rev. R. S. Green, D. D., Hamilton, '67, assumed the pastorate of the 
Lafayette Street Presbyterian Church in Buffalo, October 19th, 1881, with 
a membership of three hundred and eleven. After a successful pastorate 
of more than eight years, with a membership of six hundred and twenty- 
two, he has, owing to the health of his wife, decided to accept a call to 
the Central Presbyterian Church of Orange. He closed his labors in 
Buffalo March 2d. Our Church at Work published in its March issue a 
full account of Dr. Green's farewell, and this recital proves conclusively 
that he was loved by his people and that they gave him up with deep re- 
gret The Central Church, of Orange, have reason to rejoice in the provi- 
dence which has led Dr.Green to become their pastor. Brother Benjamin 
Douglass is a member of this church, and reference to Dr. Green is made 
in a letter from him published in " Correspondence.*' Dr. Green was one 
of the charter members of the Psi Charge, and his name is the first on the 
rolL The Psi has many sons of whom she can justly be proud. None, 
however, have reflected greater renown than Bro. Green. 

William B. Hoyt, Cornell, '81, was bom in the village of East Aurora, 
N. Y. He entered Cornell University in the year 1877 and graduated in 
iSSi. He was one of the first members elected to the ^ B K society at 
Cornell. The Cornell Daily Sun, at the time of its starting, the third 
college daily in the United States, was founded by Bro. Hoyt. He was 
also an editor of the Cornell Era and the Cornell Review. On graduat- 
ing from college he commenced the study of law in Buffalo and was 
admitted to the bar in 1883. In December, 1887, he was appointed Assist- 
ant United States District Attorney for the Northern District of New 

Seward A. Simons, Cornell, '79. The birth-place of Seward A. Simons 
was Union Springs, N. Y., where he was bom November 14th, 1859. 
In 1863 he, with his father, moved to Buffalo and received his early educa- 
tion in the Central School. He graduated at the age of fifteen and entered 
Cornell in 1875, and was the 3'oungest man in his class. During his 


course he was elected editor of the Era^ and on graduating in 1877, was 
elected to 0B K. In 1883 he was elected President of the Grand Lodge, 
and in 1884 was re-elected to the same office. He was admitted to the bar 
in 1881 and in 1887 formed the partnership of White & Simons. In 1884 
he was attorney for the charter revision, and in 1887 was elected Presi- 
dent of the Republican League. He was also Vice-President, in 1887, of 
the National Convention of Republican Clubs. 

Osgood Tilton Eastman, Amherst, '86, Kansas City, Mo., was born at 
Framingham, Mass. In college he was known as a whole-souled fellow 
and a Christian gentleman. He was greatly interested in athletics, played 
on the foot-ball team and was an officer of the Athletic Association. After 
graduation he went to Omaha, Neb., and became an employe of the 
Union Pacific Railway Company in its car service depot. When this de- 
partment was abolished, he became clerk in the freight office. He ap- 
plied himself faithfully to his duties, was trusted by his employers, and 
has now been rewarded by being sent to Kansas City, Mo., as head clerk 
in the general freight depot Union Pacific Railway. Quoting his own 
words: *'They have sent me down here as 'chief clerk* to try me, and 
I'm going to try and make it go, and I guess I can. It is quite a lift for 
me, lots of hard work, responsibilty, etc., but just what I want, one step 
in the right direction, and more to follow, if successful here." In Omaha 
Bro. Eastman was Superintendent of the Sunday School connected with 
the Second Congregational church, and was universally respected. His 
friends spoke very highly of his abilities and character. His life at 
Omaha is a good example of what an upright Christian young man can 
do in the west. 

John C. Graves, Hamilton, '61, is the son of the Hon. Ezra Graves, for 
many years County Judge and Surrogate of Herkimer County, N. Y. He 
was born in Herkimer, Nov. 13th, 1839. He was educated at Fairfield 
Academy, entered Tufts College in 1858, and longing for a change, left 
there at the end of the Freshman year and entered Union. The com- 
mencement of the Junior year found him at Hamilton College, where he 
graduated in 1861. He was admitted to the bar in 1862 and returned to 
Herkimer, where he practiced with his father until 1867, when he moved 
to Buffalo. He practiced law here one year and then took up commercial 
business. For a number of years he was Clerk of the Superior Court of 
Buffalo. He is at present the President of the Frontier Elevator, and has 
been much interested in the revision of the charter of the city of Buffalo 
during the past year. 

Theodore I. Heizmann, R. P. I., '59, of Reading, Pa., is enjoying a bit 
of national notoriety just now. About a year ago he produced a new 
American patriotic hymn entitled, " Hail to the Land of the Free and 
the Brave," which was given to the musical world. It has since been 
arranged for brass band instruments by the leader of the Washington 


Marine Band. The words and music have just been put in print and it is 
suggested that the song be sung on Washington's Birthday. The hymn 
is printed on another page of the present number, and we suggest that 
the song book committee include Bro. Heizmann's beautiful hymn in the 
fraternity song book. The hymn is copyrighted, but justly it can be 
claimed and used by the fraternity. Bro. Heizmann has retired from 
active business. For a long time he was Chief Engineer, Maintenance of 
Way, Pennsylvania Railroad. This position he resigned in 1874, and 
since that time has spent much of his time travelling in Europe and 
.\frica. At present his time is almost entirely devoted to painting and 
musical composition. 

George Pomeroy, Union, '57, died in Omaha, Nebraska, January ist, 
1869. He entered the volunteer service as a private in the ist Maine 
Regiment He fought in twenty battles and was severely wounded at An- 
tietauL He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel and was offered a colonel's 
commission, but declined it. He was then appointed paymaster in the 
volunteer service and afterward in the regular army. He was a son- 
in-law of the Hon. O. B. Matterson, M. C, who died at Utica, N. Y., Dec. 
22d, 1889. I knew Pomeroy well, nay intimately. He was one of the old 
fashioned, genuine 8 A X's, and a classmate of Bro. Jack Beach (a son of 
Hon. Augustus Beach, the distinguished lawyer who was one of the prose- 
cuting attorneys in the great trial of the late Henry Ward Beecher). 
When I say he was a genuine Theta Delt, I can say no more in regard to 
his character. I loved him, as who would not who knew him ? — ^Wm. L. 

Col. Wm. L. Stone, Brown, '57, Jersey City, N. J., has recently pub- 
lished a biographical sketch and memorial of the late Judge William J. 
Bacon, of "Utica, N. Y., who was for many years on the Supreme Bench, 
and at one time one of the judges of the Court of Appeals of the State. 
The work is issued in the most artistic style, with a fine portrait. The 
Colonel has also made a valuable contribution to the history of the late 
war in a letter to be published in the April number of the Century ^ ex- 
plaining the final disposition of the secret archives of the Confederacy 
upon the flight of the late Jefferson Davis, an explanation he received 
from the lips of our late Bro. Tench P. Tilghman, R. P. I., '55, to whose 
custody the papers were entrusted for secretion while accompanying the 
fugitive President in the latter*s attempt to escape. 

William H. Chace, Hobart, '84, is the eldest of three brothers, all of 
whom are Theta Delts. He spent his school days in the village of May ville, 
K. v., where he was bom. He entered Hobart in 1880. While in college 
he was elected to # B JT. After graduating he spent three years studying 
medicine at the University of Buffalo and took his degree in 1SS7. He 
has been practicing in Majrville since that time. He expects soon, how- 
ever, to make Buffalo his home. 


F. T. Brown, Bowdoin, *85, principal of the High School at Hopkin- 
ton, Mass., has resigned that position for the purpose of taking a course 
in medicine. Bro. Brown was a member of the famous '85 Bowdoin crew 
which once held the inter-collegiate four-oared championship. Two 
other Theta Delta were also on this crew. 

Rev. Pierre Gushing, Hobart, *8i, was brought up at Hammondsport, 
N. Y., entered Hobart College and graduated in 1881 as salutatorian of 
his class. He entered the Theological Seminary in the following year. 
He was made a deacon in the Episcopal Church in 1885, and ordained in 
1886. He is now Rector of St Mark's Church, at Leroy, N. Y. 

Robert J. Mahon, Columbia, '83, is practicing law in New York (see 
professional card) and enjoying what he calls the "perfect happiness of 
life'* in the companionship of a lovely wife and two bright and handsome 
children. One of them, Robert J., Jr., he promises to Theta Delta Chi. 
May his life be spared, and the fruition of his hopes be realized. 

James Sheldon, Hobart, '77. the son of the Hon. James Sheldon, 
one of Buffalo's most respected citizens, was bom in Buffalo, July 
20th, 1856. He entered Hobart College in the class of 1877, but did 
not graduate. After leaving college he began the study of law with the 
firm of Morey & Baker, and was admitted to practice as a counsellor 
April 8th, 1881. He now resides upon a small stock farm at Big Tree, in 
the Town of Hamburg, Erie County, N. Y., and practices law at Buffalo, 
at the Law Exchange. 

Frank S. Rice, LaFayette, '70, is engaged in the practice of law in 
Aspen, Col. He is the editor of "The Code of Procedure of Colorado," 
a comprehensive work of more than 800 pages, embodying the results of 
over 7,oco cases. This will be of interest to our legal brothers. Its title 
is "Rice's Annotated Code." Bro. Rice was one of the charter members 
of the Phi, and his love for Theta Delta Chi is best described in his own 
words: "I fancy that as we grow older our affections expand in every 
way, but to me there is a fascination and charm about my early Theta 
Delt memories that the disappointments of active life are powerless to 

Carl A. Harstrom, Hobart, '86, Peekskill, N. Y., is principal of the 
Vieuland Preparatory School for Boj-s. The school is now completing 
its second year and is prospering finely. Anything would prosper under 
the management of such a whole-souled, energetic gentleman as Carl A . 
Harstrom. He is training his boys in the right way. He does not for- 
get among other things the good old fraternity. Ten of his last year's 
pupils are now blooming Theta Delts, and more are growing up to fol- 
low. Theta Delts who have boys to fit for college, should show their 
love for the fraternity by sending them to Vieuland, where excellent 
moral training, freely tinctured with Theta Delt trimmings will be dis - 
pensed to the queen's taste. 


S. A. Watson, Hobart, '85, is principal of the Little Palls Academy, 
Uttlc Falls, N. Y. 

C. C. Gardner, Dartmouth, '87, is located at Sargent, Neb., and is 
cashier of the Caster County Bank. 

Edward M. Wilkins, R. P. I., '89, is engineer of the Crozer Coal and 
Coke Company, at Elkhom, West Virginia. 

Frederick C. Edwards, Dickinson, '88, is filling a prominent position in 
the laboratory of G. G. Green, Woodbury, N. J. 

Thomas Earle, R. P. I., '87, is in the engineering department of the 
Norfolk and Western Railroad. His address is Atlantic Hotel, Nor- 
folk, Va. 

Wm. C. Strawbridge, R. P. I., '70, Philadelphia, Pa.; owing to the 
demands of his private law practice, has tendered his resignation to the 
Attorney General, as counsel for the United States in the Bell Telephone 
patent case. 

Wm. L>. Stone, Jr., Columbia, '83, has left West Superior, Mich., and 
located permanently in Osborne, Kan. , where he has formed a copartner- 
ship with Mr. J. K. Mitchell, who succeeds to the law practice of Wal- 
rond, Mitchell & Heren. 

B. P. Lamberton, Dickinson, '61, Commander of the training ship, 
Jamestown, U. S. N., touched at Trinidad, January 2, St. Thomas, Jan- 
uary 27, and arrived at Port Royal, S. C, February 15. His cruise will 
tenninate at Hampton Roads about April 10. 

Wilbcr H. Burnett, Dickinson, '66, lives in Felton, Del. He is one of 
the most active business men of his town. He has a large family in 
whose society he delights. He is the same jolly Theta Delt, full of jokes, 
and enjoys nothing more than to talk of the good old times in the past. 

S. Saltonstall, Hobart, '92, is now attending the Harvard Law School. 
At the last Harvard field day he won the 100-yard dash', and was second 
in the 220. He will represent Harvard in the Mott- Haven games next 
May. He is also a competitor for a position on the Harvard Freshmen 

Abner W. C. Nowlin, William and Mary, '54, No. 4 I street, N. W., 
Washington, D. C, has recently accepted an appointment in the printing 
bureau of the treasury department. He was formerly editor-in-chief of 
the Richmond iVhig, He is a warm friend and companion of Colonel 
Wm. Lamb, and a loyal, whole-souled Theta Delt. 

J. H. Cunningham, Hamilton, is still located at Utica, and ably fills his 
position as editor-in-chief of the Utica Morning Herald. His heart still 
throbs loudly for the old fraternity, and the latch-string of his lovely 
home always hangs on the outside to a Theta Delt If our good fortune 
ever lands vts in Utica that latch-string will surely be pulled. 


Jas. M. Shumacher, Tufts, '65, is President of the First National Bank 
of Jacksonville, Fla. He is a man of wide influence throughout the en- 
tire state, and has won an enviable reputation for business ability and in- 
tegrity. He is as ardent a Theta Delt as one could wish to meet, and 
takes great delight in entertaining visiting brothers. 

Hon. Alvaro F. Gibbons, Charleston, W. Va., has the sympathy of the 
entire fraternity in his great bereavement, occasioned by the death of his 
estimable wife, which occurred in February. Mrs. Gibbons was a kind, 
gifted, and lovely Christian woman . She had a large circle of loving 
friends who will miss her sadly. The light which has gone out in Bro. 
Gibbons' home, leaves a darkness which no earthly agency can elim- 

C. A. Whittemore, Bowdoin, '76, is pleasantly located at Grand Rapids, 
Mich. He is chairman of the committee on geology, mineralogy and 
archaeology in the Kent Scientific Institute. Bro. Whittemore was pres- 
ent at the organization of Gamma Deuteron Charge. It was the first 
time he had attended any reunion of the fraternity in thirteen years, but 
he gave convincing proof that his love for Theta Delta Chi had not waned. 
His enthusiasm was genuine, and when it was over he felt that he had a 
new lease of life. 

William N. Northway, Union, '53, is City Engineer of Chicago. A 
year ago Bro. Hawley, ^, *86, went to Bro. Northway 's office on busi- 
ness, not knowing that he was a G ^ X, He stated his business to Mr. 
Northway and received a courteous reply. An assistant was called and 
Bro. Hawley went with him and got part of the information he desired . 
The office was warm and Bro. Hawley unbuttoned his coat, and in a few 
minutes returned to Mr. Northway 's desk to ask for some more informa- 
tion. The latter looked up and without answering the question, re- 

"Young man, where did you get that pin?" Bro. Hawley asked him if 
it was a familiar one to him . 

"Well rather." 

"Well, I got it at R. P. I., Troy, N. Y.," replied Bro. Hawley. 

"Is that so? I helped put that charge there.'* Then they "shook," 
and dropping business, talked ^ X for a while. Bro. Northway is an 
enthusiastic G ^ X. He is one of the committee engaged in getting up 
the Chicago Graduate Association . He was City Engineer under Mayor 
Roache's administration, and still holds the office under Mayor Creiger. 
He is a prominent member of the Western Society of Engineers, and is 
one of the most popular men in the present city government. 

Edwin Henry Sibley, Cornell, '80, known by the Beta boys as "Hiram," 
is located at Franklin, Pa. He is evidently a busy man. His offices are 
numerous, still he fills them all with satisfaction. He is manager of the 
Prospect Hill stock farm, located at Franklin, where they raise blooded 


trotting horses and fine Jersey cows, which bring fabulous prices. He is 
manager of the Charles Miller Pipe Line at Oil City, sixty miles long, 
for the transmission of oil; local treasurer of the Galena Oil Works and 
the Signal Oil Works; treasurer of the Anglo-American Oxide Company, 
which controls the Bradley patent process for making oxides of lead and 
zinc ; secretary of the Pennsylvania Paint Company of Erie, Pa., who 
make railroad paints ; secretary and treasurer of the Cincinnati and 
South Eastern Railroad Company. In spite of all these offices Bro. Sib- 
ley has some time to devote to other things. He took a very active part 
in the anti-liquor campaign in Pennsylvania, and had the satisfaction of 
seeing Venango county carry the point three to one. Bro. Sibley does 
not forget his fraternity. He writes: **I look back with great pleasure 
on my fraternity associations and am always glad to see the boys." 

P. G. Patchin, Hamilton, '82, graduated from Albany Law School in 
1S83. After traveling through the west he brought up in Atlanta, Ga., 
and secured a position as assistant stenographer in the Superior Court, 
under Sam Small. Later he was manager of the advertising department of 
Julius Ellinger & Co., for three years. Has for several years done literary 
work for American and English magazines. He did work on the Atlanta 
ConsiUuHon under Grady, the brilliant Southern orator, while living in 
that city. On the first of July last he launched out in business for him- 
self, and like a loyal Theta Delt he at once tenders his advertisement to 
the Shield without being asked. If all Theta Delts would do the same 
what a journal the Shiei«d would become. Bro. Patchin was married 
in 1884, and has a youthful iu:ion, who is being trained by a true-hearted, 
enthusiastic Theta Delt mother for future usefulness in the fraternity. 
When he gets ready to prepare for college, Carl Harstrom's Theta Delt 
School will be the proper place for him . The editor had the pleasure of 
a short visit with Bro. Patchin recently. By the way our latch-string 
always hangs on the outside, and a cordial invitation is extended to any 
Theta Delt to visit us. 

Major Henry G. Thomas, Bowdoin, '58, Paymaster U. S. A., has been 
absent from duty on sick leave nearly sfx years. He recently applied for 
assignment to some light duty or to be retired, but instead his sick leave 
was extended another year. We regret the continuance of his ill health. 
His changeful military history is interesting : Appointed captain 5th Me. 
Vol. Inf., June, 1861; honorably mustered out 20th Aug., 1861; Capt. nth 
Rcgt Inf., 5th Aug., accepted 20th Aug., 1861; Col. 79th U. S. Col. Inf , 
20th Mch., 1863; honorably mustered out nth July, 1863; Col. U. S. 
Colored Vol. Inf., i6th Jany, 1874, Brigadier-General of Volunteers 30th 
Nov., accepted 9th Dec, 1864; Brevet Maj.-Gen. 13th Mch., 1865; honor- 
ably mustered out 15th Jany, 1866; Maj. 41st Regt. Inf., declined 28th 
July, 1886: transferred to 20th Inf., 22d Oct, 1867; transferred to Pay 
DepL. with rank of major; 23d July, 1878. His retirement, by operation 


of law, will take place April 5th, 1901, unless ill health compels him to 
retire entirely from the service before that date. 

R. W. Rogers, Union, '66, resides at No. 136 Gravier street, New Or- 
leans, La. He is a successful contractor on public works of the city. 

Rt. Rev. Calbraith B. Perry, Brown, '67, has recently been appointed 
warden of Hoffman Hall, Fiske University, Nashville, Tenn., where he 
may be addressed. 

Thomas J. Rundle, Hobart, *6o, who was retired from the New York 
Custom House by the late administration, is again in the same place. He 
was appointed U. S. storekeeper in January. 

Willie M. Rexford, Union, '60, University Club, New York, is at pres- 
ent engaged in the construction of a branch line of the Wheeling & Lake 
Erie R. R,, extending from Portland to Steubenville, Ohio. 

Thomas E. Rogers, Dickinson, '66, Washington, D. C, is superinten- 
dent of the National Bank Redemption Agency in the U. S. Treasurer's 
office. He is always glad to welcome any Theta Delt who will visit him. 

William M. Miller, of R. P. I., is one of the most prominent members 
of the Junior Law Class, in the University of Michigan. Bro. Miller takes 
an active interest in young Gamma Deuterou and was a prominent factor 
in its organization. 

Elbert S, Carman, Brown, '58, has sold the Rural New Yorker to 
other parties. He will still be editor-in-chief of the paper, and the release 
from business care will give him greater opportunities to exercise his 
editorial abilities. Frank L. Jones, former editor of the Shibi^d, is con- 
nected with the paper. 

Stephen Wood Linington, Columbia, '89, has accepted a splendid posi- 
tion in the office of the District Attorney of Queen's County, at Jamaica, 
Long Island. Bro. Linington distinguished himself while in college, and 
is now actively engaged in the preparation of a condensed law manual, to 
lighten the labors of subsequent classes of benighted law students. 

Dr. Benj. R. Davidson, Dickinson, '68, is located in Davidson ville, Md., 
actively engaged in the practice of medicine. He was present at the Con- 
vention of Physicians held in Baltimore, Jan. 2d, to frame a law regulat- 
ing the practice of medicine in the state. The Doctor is still the same 
jolly, popular Theta Delt, and always gives a hearty welcome to his 

Edward J. McCrossin, Columbia, '89, has been seriously ill with a com- 
plication of brain fever and pneumonia. He was stricken shortly after 
successfully coping with a series of peculiarly difficult examinations. He 
was confined to his room for a month, being delirious or unconscious for 
ten days or more. He is now, despite a subsequent relapse, on the high 
road to recovery. Bro. McCrossin will go south for his health as soon as 
his condition will permit. 


Lieat.-Col. William Smith, Univ. Vermont, '54, Deputy Paymaster- 
General U. S. A., Department of Dakota, has been on leave since Jan. 19. 
He has spent a portion of his time visiting his old home in Vermont; we 
have heard of him as being in New York and Washington. Just as we go 
to press we find in the Mail dud Express^ under date March 12th, the 

" In selecting: a Paymaster-General of the army, which resulted yesterday in the 
nomination of Lieut.-Col. William Smith Deputy Paymaster for the Department of 
the Dakotas, President Harrison first considered the rank of the applicants, then the 
character of the men constituting the class from which the selection was to be made. 
He began the consideration with the man at the head of the list, the ranking Deputy 
Paymaster, and going down the list met the name of the man selected as the first one 
who possessed all of the requirements. There was no favoritism shown, and no ex- 
traneous influences operated for or against any of the men who came within the scope 
of possibility. Col. Smith had both the rank and character. There was much good 
material from which to make a selection, and not a little competition for the distinc- 
tion. The friends of a half dozen or more Deputy Paymasters were tireless in their 
efforts in behalf of favorites, but there was no ill humor shown, and the selection proves 
quite satisfactory. Col. Smith has a spotless record as an executive officer, a brilliant 
war record, and he is a man of the highest type of character. There could be no objec- 
tion offered to his appointment from any standpoint whatever." 

And the following in the Army and Navy Register of March 15th: 

"The appointment of I«ieutenant-Colonel William Smith, of the Pay Department, to 
be Paymaster-General of the army was very promptly confirmed by the Senate (Mch. 
15th), and.the list of staff brigadier generals is complete. Col. Smith visited President 
Harrison to ask that this appointment be given to his brother. Col. Roduey Smith, the 
senior officer of the corps. The President on looking into the matter soon discovered 
that Colonel William Smith entered the volunteer service in 1861, while his brother 
entered the regular service three years later, having been his clerk prior to that date. 
This discovery is said to have led Mr. Harrison to give the place to William, a result 
which no one seems to have expected, and it is understood that no one was evermore 
surprised than Lieut. -Col. Smith himself. The new Paymaster-General will retire 
Uarch 35th, 1895, so that he will have a little more than four years in office." 

Such extracts as these in the public press are very flattering and will be 
read by all Tbeta Delta with great pleasure. We congratulate Bro. Wil- 
liam Smith, or rather Brigadier-General Smith, upon his good fortune. 
The Shibij> has heretofore espoused the cause of Col. Rodney Smith, 
who was next in rank to the retired paymaster, and his most natural suc- 
cessor. We are informed on good authority that William had been work- 
ing for some time in the interest of his brother Rodney, never dreamiug 
of his own appointment Our warmest wishes are extended to Bro. Wil- 
liam that his future official career may be as bright as his past record. 
This prcmiotion necessitates a change in residence. Bro. Smith will take 
up his quarters in the War Department, Washington, where he should 
hereafter be addressed. 

Bro. Rev. Willis P. Odell, Lambda, *8o, has been for the past four 
years pastor of the Center M. E. Church, of Walden, Mass. His church, 
the largest in the city, is a beautiful structure free from all encumbrances. 
Bro. Odell has a wonderful command of words and a very pleasing, elo- 


quent delivery. His efforts have been most successftil in every direction. 
He is without doubt one of the leading and most promising young 
divines of his conference. In the fall of *88 the church gave him a three 
months' vacation, during which he traveled through Palestine and the 
Holy Land. The most popular of his services are his Sunday evening 
talks, which are always largely attended. He is beloved by his church 
and the community at large. As a Theta Delt he is always interested in 
the doings of the fraternity, and accords a hearty welcome to all who visit 
him. All Theta Delts will wish him continued success. 

Moses Lyman, Zeta, has been a resident of Waverly, N. Y., for many 
years. He is the owner of a large toy factory. He was the projector of 
the "Pigs in Clover '* puzzle which took the whole country by storm last 
year. He is now manufacturing the ** Spider and Fly" puzzle, which 
bids fair to have an extended sale. Bro. Lyman can talk Theta Delta 
Chi just as enthusiastically now as he could thirty years ago. He is rooted 
and grounded in the faith and smiles blandly when a brother Theta Delt 
visits him. He and Bro. Henry G. Merriam are a good team. A recent 
^'isit and a royal reception enables the editor to assure any Theta Delt, 
who will take the trouble to drop oflF at Waverly expressly to see them, 
that he will be well repaid for his visit. 

G. T. Atkinson, Dickinson, *68, is a practicing physician, and at pres- 
ent A. A. Surgeon in the Marine Hospital Service. He is located in Cris- 
field, Md. He has held numerous positions of honor and trust in his 
town, and is justly regarded as one of the substantial citizens of the state. 
He is one of a committee of five, appointed by the Convention of Physi- 
cians which met in Baltimore, Jan. 2d, to draft a state law regulating the 
practice of medicine. Dr. Atkinson's home is situated on the eastern 
shore of Maryland, where the generous waters of the Chesapeake teem with 
diamond back terrapins, wild fowl, and the finest oysters and crabs in the 
world. He enjoys life and, although twenty -four years out of college, 
still has a warm place in his heart for Theta Delta Chi and delights in 
making it pleasant for any of the brothers who visit him. 

Chas. M. Burrows, Columbia, '88, who recently left Albion to accept 
the chair of Medical Jurisprudence, in the College of Physicians, at Chi- 
cago, as noted in last Shiei*d, has just been visited with a sad affliction 
which will call forth the sympathy of all. He was married less than four 
months ago to Miss Margaret Cain, of Albion. They had hardly got set- 
tled in their happy home at 353 East Ohio Street, Chicago, when Mrs. 
Burrows was prostrated by a severe attack of influenza and on the 6th of 
January she succumbed to the fell destroyer and passed quietly over the 
river. She was a member of the Presbyterian church, a faithful chris- 
tian, possessed of marked characteristics, lovely in her deep-rooted vir- 
tues, and sincerely devoted to her friends. Her mission on earth is ended 
and the beauty of her character remains as a heritage to those who loved 


her. Only those who have passed through the same can feel the deepest 
smpathy for our bereaved brother. Yet the hearts of all Theta Belts 
will be touched while they bare their heads and mourn with Bro. Bur- 
rows in his deep affiiction. 

Henty G. Merriam, Brown, '58, Waverly, N. Y., is spending the winter 
with his wife in Florida. He attended the Brown dinner in New York, 
and would have been present at the Graduate Reunion except for his 
trip. The real old genuine Theta Delt spirit crops out all over Bro. Mer- 
riam. He is not actively engaged in business and delights in receiving 
\isits from any one who wears the shield. The editor has spent many 
happy hours at his home. 

Edwin J. Crandall, Tufts, '89, is at present studying law in Boston uni- 
versity. He writes that he spent a winter in Florida. While at Jackson- 
ville he called upon Bro. Shumacher, and using his own words: "I was 
accorded such a greeting as only Theta Delts know how to give. I shall 
never forget the hours we passed together while he entertained me with 
college reminiscences and interesting talk." So it is the world over. 
The bond of affection engendered during college life by fraternity asso- 
ciation is never forgotten. It slumbers perhaps, but is instantly awakened 
when the wearer of the shield presents himself. 

R. B. Seymour, Hamilton, '84, Kansas City, Mo., has for about two 
years occupied a position in the National Exchange Bank. On the ist 
of March he resigned it to occupy the cashiership of the Kansas City 
Piano Company, located at No. 1123 Main street, and is now pleasantly 
located there. Bro. Seymour does the "basso profundo" in the quartette 
choir of the First Baptist Church of that city. The wife of Bro. H. H. 
Getman sings alto, and Bro. A. Bushnell is the organist. He is secretary 
and treasurer of the Orpheus Male Society, which comprises the best 
singers in the city, and also secretary of the executive committee of the 
New York Society of Kansas City. 

Eugene 1*. Oatley, Cornell, '82, after leaving Cornell was librarian of 
city and school district library in Utica till fall of 1884, when he entered 
Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, graduating in 1886 with 
honor, being one of two who had general average of 100. While yet a 
senior he occupied the position of demonstrator of chemistry' during ses- 
sion of 1885-6, being formally appointed to the position after graduation. 
In 1889 he was appointed professor of chemistry, which chair he now 
holds. He is also associate surgeon of the Commercial Traveler's Mu- 
tual Life Insurance Company, member of the Franklin Institute of Phila- 
delphia. He also has a very excellent private practice. He is pleasantly 
located at 4,003 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, and like all other Theta 
Delts, always has time to visit with any of the boys who will take the 
trouble to hunt him up. 


Charles McDonald, R. P. I., '57, was elected president of the Engineers* 
club of New York city at a meeting held Jan. 14, '90. 

Rev. William E. Pctrie, Dartmouth, '74, one of the early members of 
the Omicron Deuteron, is in the senior class of Union Theological Sem- 

Warren A. Bennitt, Darthmouth, '83, Gloucester, Mass., is engaged in 
the coal business with his brother, under the firm name of Bennitt 

Rev. W. R. Cross, Bowdoin, *6i, Foxcroft, Me.*, formerly pastor of the 
church at Milltown, N. B., resigned to accept a call from the Congrega- 
tional church of Foxcroft, 

Thomas Earle, R. P. I., '87, is with the Engineers' Corps of the Nor- 
folk and Western Railway. He can be addressed care of Chief Engineer 
N. & W. Railway. Roanoke, Va. 

Warren J. Moulton, Amherst, *88, is teaching in Professor Leal's 
School for Boys in Plainfield, N. J. He is an ardent Theta Delt, and has 
our thanks for financial remembrance. 

T. C. Blandy, R. P. I., '87, is tired of the single blessedness theory, 
judging from the recent announcement of his engagement 'with a charm- 
ing young lady of Lansingburg. The columns of the Shiei«d will be 
open for the final announcement. 

Paul C. Phillips, Amherst, '88, is pleasantly located in Kansas City. 
He is physical director of the Y. M. C. A. gymnasium. On another page 
will be found an interesting letter from him. We hope to hear more 
about Kansas City from Bro. Phillips hereafter. 

N. M. Hall, Dartmouth, '88, is at present attending Andover Theolo- 
gical Seminary. In addition to his regular work he contributes to the 
Christian Union, Congregationalist and Manchester Mirror, He was 
also editor of Vol. I of the Berkeley Beacon, His address is Andover, 

Richard H. Eddy, M. D.. Tufts, 'So, of North Attleboro, Mass., was 
married at Providence, R. I., March 6th, to Miss Emma Frances Beau- 
dreau, of Maiden, Mass. The Ceremony was performed by Dr. Eddy's 
father, the Rev. Richard Eddy, D. D. , pastor of the Belton Universalist 

William O. Conrad, Amherst, '87, is finishing his course in the Union 
Theological Seminary this winter. He has been supplying a church in 
Newton, L. I., for several weeks. He has received and accepted a call 
from the Presbyterian Church at " Blue Earth City," Minn, where he 
preached during the last summer vacation. Bro. Conrad's father was at 
one time pa.stor of this church, and it seems peculiarly fitting that he 
should accept and fill the pulpit his father graced in the days gone by. 
All Theta Delts wish him success in his life's work. 


Frank Kimball, Bowdoin, *79, of Norway, Me., has recently become 
the head of the new firm of Kimball & Williams, wholesale and retail 
druggists, succeeding A. O. Noyes. This is an old and well established 
business, probably the largest in Maine, west of Lewiston and Portland. 

Frederick J. Swift, Hamilton, *85, is attending the Union Theological 
Seminary in New York. Since graduation Bro Swift has been a success- 
ful teacher of elocution in the Brookl)m Polytechnic Institute, and this 
year has filled a vacancy in the institute in addition to his theological 
studies at the seminary. 

Col. Edward Harleston, and J. J. McPherson,. R. P. -I., '58; C. Elliott 
Rowand, '56 and James McB. Prioleau, Union, '57, form a coterie of 
Charleston (S. C.) men who seem to have disappeared from view many 
years ago. The Shield would be glad to hear 'from them in behalf of 
their old time friends, who are in these days scanning tlje Graduate per. 
sonals for information. 

Nathaniel R. Webster, Bowdoin, '81, Gloucester, Mass., did not finish 
bis course at Bowdoin. Entering Amherst he graduated in 1S81, and 
went to Germany where he remained two years engaged in the study of 
law. In the fall of *84 he returned to ^lis home and joined his father in 
business, as the legal profession did not seem to have charms sufficient 
to hold him. He has made no changes since. 

J. P. Houston, Dartmouth, '84, Somonank, 111., is a fiourishing M. D. 
He graduated from the Chicago Medical College in '89, receiving the In- 
galls* prize of one hundred dollars in cash for the best examination in 
science, literature and medicine. He was assistant physician of the 
Illinois Eastern Hospital for the Insane at Kankakee, which position he 
resigned Nov. i, '89, to practice his profession in Somonank. 

Irving Meredith, Dartmouth, *88, after leaving college was connected 
with the Boston Journal for a time, but gave up journalism for a theolo- 
gical course, which he is now pursuing at Union Theological Seminary. 
Last summer he traveled through the west engaged in missionary work. 
In order to go about from place to place he purchased a pony. He was 
lucky, and got a prize ** bucker'*. Meredith was equal to the occasion, 
however, and gained much renown among the cowboys as a " broncho- 

L. Halsey Williams, Washington and Jefferson, at present resides in 
Pittsburg, but his business interests are divided between that city and 
Philadelphia. He is vice-president of the Eastern Pennsylvania Phono- 
graph Company. This company is located at 306 Stock Exchange Place, 
rooms 26-31, and is engaged in leasing the Edison Phonograph and 
Graphophone, one of the greatest inventions of the present age. A letter 
from Bro. Williams, published under the head of correspondence, proves 
that he has not forgotten the memories of college days. 


W. W. Winslow, /, '85, is practicing law in his native town, Punxsu- 
tawney. Pa. 

Henry F. Lewis, /, '85, is practicing medicine in Chicago. His 
address is 56 Forty-Seventh street. 

Frank C. Southworth, /, '87, is studying at"*the Harvard Divinity School 
with the intention of becoming a * Jnitarian minister. 

Hosea Webster. M. E., B, *8o, is at the head of the H. R. Worthington 
Pump Company's Chica^ oranch, at 95 Lake street. 

Charles S. Thomps •*. /, 87, is city freight soUcitor of the niinois Cen- 
tral Railroad. His ad ^ss is in care of the railroad, at Chicago. 

J. P. Minier, /, '85, is al pi . nt associated with the publishing house 
of D. D. Merrill, SL ^ . Minn. He was married last spring. 

F. M. Kendall, Bet^, .!^, has resigned his excellent position as Super- 
intendent of the Public Schools of Grand Rapids, Mich., to accept a more 
desirable one in the publishing house of Ginn & Co., at Chicago. 

FoxHolden, Cornell, *72, has just been selected principal of the State 
Normal School, at Plattsburg, N. Y. We regret the crowded state of our 
columns which prevents an extended notice. We promise it for next 


G. E. Ladd, /. '87, is employed in the Geological Survey of the State of 
Missouri. His special work relates to clays. He was married to Mary 
Hammond, of Bradford, Mass., in July last His present address is Jef- 
ferson City. Mo. 

Major P. D. Vroom, R, P. I., *62, Inspector-General U. S. A., is absent 
from his post, at Omaha, on a two months' leave, from March ist. A 
portion of his leave has been passed in New York and among friends at 
his old home, Trenton, N. J. 

Major William E. Norris, Brown, '57, for a long time unheard of, has 
recently come to light as residing at Oakland, Cal. He may be addressed 
care U. S. Pension Office, San Francisco, Cal. We hope to give an ex- 
tended personal in the next Shieud. 

C. N. Kendall, Psi, '82, Superintendent of Public Schools at Jackson, 
Mich., has ventured on the lecture platform, having recently completed a 
very interesting and successful course to the young men of that city, on 
*' Habits of Work. " At least such is the verdict of the local papers. 

Homer Holliday, Union, '50, Homellsville, N. Y., is a leading lawyer 
in his city and counsel for theN. Y., L. E. & W. R. R, Co. It is long 
since his old friends, Hall, Morris and Matthews have looked into his 
face and he would greatly gratify them, as* well as many others, by at- 
tending the New York Graduate Reunions. Possibly he could renew his 
own youth. 


F. E. Martindalc,Union, '53, one of the old original Theta Belts, is still 
alive with fraternity recollection and kind memory of the founders of the 
fraternity, all of whom he knew well. Most of them have crossed the 
border and age is slowly telling on him as well as the few other survivors. 
Bro. Martindale has been a successful practicioner of medicine for many 
years. He is surgeon of the S. R. Smith Infirmary and chief of staff of 
the Nursery and Children's Hospital, 6i Long Island. He is loved by those 
who are entrusted to his professional care, and highly esteemed by the 
community in which he has lived for years. ^His home life is happy and 
in his declining years he is leaping the reward of the faithful. Theta 
Delta Chi is proud to claim him as a brother and wishes for him tfiat his 
last days may be " days of pleasure and peace * We shall, in a subse- 
quent issue, give his portrait and full history. 

H. A. Smith, M. D., Lafayette, '72, resides at No. 13 19 North 15th St., 
Philadelphia, where he settled down twelve years ago. He graduated 
from the University of Pennsylvania in 1875, spent a year or more in the 
Philadelphia Hospital and then went to Germany and devoted a year to 
hospital practice. Retumiug in 1877, he opened an office in his present 
location and has maintained a steady practice ever since, successful and 
honored in his profession. The old Phi boys will remember Harry and 
his lovely house at Chestnut Hill, where he always delighted in tak^' 
and entertaining any of his brothers. Now located in his own home, wii.i 
a charming wife and two lovely children, he is to his old companions the 
same Harry, and will always be glad to welcome any of them, or any 
other Theta Delt. We can vouch for it. 

Frank J. Kline. Washington and Jefferson, '69, who entered Sopho- 
more at Lafayette in 1866, remaining one term and planting the seed 
which took root and produced the Phi Charge, had not been heard of by 
the Phi since he left college and all supposed him dead. The editor re- 
cently determined to ascertain what had become of him. The result was 
a reply from Bro. Kline. He entered the University of Chicago after 
leaving Lafayette and graduated in 1869. Went to Minneapolis, devoting 
the first few years to civil engineering and since that time to exploring 
and surveying pine lands. His address is 803 Hennepin Ave. , Minneapolis. 
A more extended notice of Bro. Kline will be given in a history of the 
Phi Charge, now in preparation f<fr the Shiei^d. 

Ricardo M. Arango, C. E., R. P. I., *86, is engaged in engineering in 
Panama, his native city. Bro. Arango is one of the 2^ 's most popular 
members. At present he is one of a commission of three which has been 
appointed by the Government of the U. S. of Columbia to examine the 
report of the French engineers to the French Government on the present 
slate of the Panama canal, and report on the same to the Columbian Gov 
ernment He has recently completed a road for his Government near 
Panama, and is engaged in other enterprises. 


Gen. Ralph H. Brandeth, Hobart, *8i, of New York, experienced the 
loss by fire of his elegant residence at Briar Cliff, near Sing Sing, March 
loth. The students at Holbrook Military Academy, nearby, turned out 
and forming a salvage corps, saved nearly all the furniture, paintings and 
bric-a-brac on the two lower floors. The boys left the building only when 
ordered out by the firemen, and then threw snowballs into the flames 
and snapped cameras at the fire. The loss was about $35,000. We have 
been burned out ourselves and know just how to sympathize with Bro. 
Brandeth. The saddest part of such an experience is ^he loss of many 
articles made dear by association which money can not replace. 

V. U. Shaffer, Dickinson, '66, resides at PhcEnixville, Pa. He took the 
honors of his class in Freshman year, left college to enter the army. 
Served in 34th Pa., Militia. Was in iron business till 1870, his last posi- 
tion being General Superintendent of the Lochiel Iron Works, at Har- 
risburg. In 1870 he purchased the Phcenixville Independent y which he 
conducted and edited till last year he sold out to a stock company and is 
resting on his oars. Bro. Shaffer's active connection with the Sigma was 
brief, but he retains a great affection for his old associates, and well he 
may, as they were ill good fellows. I speak from ^rsonal knowledge, 
having known them all very well. 

Rev. Albert C. Bunn, Hobart, '67, residing at No. 608 Fourth Avenue, 
Brooklyn, is rector of the Church of the Atonement. Dr. Bunn studied 
medicine, graduating from the Buffalo Medical College, and spent five 
years as a medical missionary in China, where he established Christ's 
Hospital for men. and the Elizabeth Bunn Hospital for women and child- 
ren. His theological study was under the Rev. Dr. George William Smith, 
^ X, President Trinity College. He is a member of the Missionary 
Council of the P. E. Church; also of the Missionary Committee of the 
Diocese of Long Istand. He is one of the Board of Managers of Church 
Charity Foundation, etc. Bro. Bunn was present at the New York Grad- 
uate dinner. 

F. G. Ferine, Hamilton, '87, has entered heart and soul into the busy 
life of a newspaper man. After graduation he entered the employ of the 
Hon. Henry Barnard, formerly United States Commissioner of Education, 
as his private secretary. In August, '88, he accepted a position on the 
city staff of the Hartford Times , where he still remains. He has been 
called the "Artist Reporter," as he has taken to illustrating the text of 
his articles with sketches which he engraves himself by a lately invented 
process. Ferine has not forgotten B A X, nor old " Psi," at Hamilton. 
He is always ready to share his board and bed with any wearer of the 
shield, and extends a cordial invitation to any of the boys to give him a 

Charles A. Luckenbach, Lehigh, '86, is senior partner in the real estate 
agency of Luckenbach & Cheesebro, Los Angelos, Cal. 


John C. Mason, Hamilton, '86, has completed his law study and en- 
tered as a partner one of the strongest law firms of Johnstown, N. Y. 
The firm will now be known as Praser, Carroll & Mason. 

Rev. Dr. Robert L. Bachman, Hamilton, '71; pastor of the First Pres- 
bjrterian Church, Utica, has been called upon to mourn the death of his 
beloved wife. In his bereavement he has the sympathy of his many 
friends and acquaintances, who know of the loss which both he and the 
church have sustained. 

Hon. Clarence L. Barber, Hamilton, '76. It will be a source of pleas- 
ure to* many to l,earn that Brother Barber is regaining his health at Los 
Angeles, Cal. , whither he went with his family some months since. All 
hope tha^ soon he will be entirely recovered. 

Frank J. Lemon, Hamilton, *88, has been suffering for some time with 
lung trouble. From the South, where he has spent the winter, he has 
decided to go to California, to try its mild climate during the inclement 
weather of spring. We hope he will be benefitted by the change and 
return East with his old-time vigor and enthusiasm. 

John B. Shulen, Hamilton, '87, has accepted a position on the Charity 
Hospital Medical Staff, Blackwell's Island, New York. He finds the 
island a fine preparation for his practice in the metropolis, which he ex- 
pects to begin during the coming year. 

Sherman W. Brown, Hamilton, '87, Andover Theological Seminary 
*90, has been awarded the Andover Scholarship. This scholarship is one 
of the most valuable in the country, furnishing the holder |i,20o to 
enable him to further pursue his studies abroad for two years. He has 
the congratulations of all upon his well-merited honor. 

Charles M. Parkhurst, Hamilton, '80, has just returned to his Duluth 
home after a short sojourn in California. He has planned to return soon, 
however, to the western slope in company with his wife and daughter. 

Dr. James Scott, of Bel Air, Md. , is away on a trip to Europe, for the 
purpose of educating his daughter. 

J. R. Stipler, Dickinson, '83, is practicing law at Bel Air, Md. 

Thomas Roberts, C. E., Dickinson, read a paper before theplouse, at 
Harrisburg, Pa., which was highly spoken of by the Governor of this 

Hugh H. Pttcaim, Dickinson, '89, is an employe of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Co., and is stationed at York, Pa. 

W. W. Salmon, Dickinson, *86, who has been lately married, still holds 
his enviable position on the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad. 

F. G. Gale, Dartmouth, '76, Water\'ille, P. Q., Canada, manufacturers 
of wire mattresses. The firm is George Gale & Sons. They hold patents 
in Germany, France, Spain, Great Britain and the Dominion. His ex- 
hibit took first prize and medal at the Paris Exhibition. 

68 ' THB SHIKI^D. 

R. A. Heberling, Dickinson, '88, is taking a law course at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 

D. B. Brandt, Dickinson, '87, is in business with his father in Harris- 
burg, Pa. 

A.J. Harbaugh, Dickinson, '83, is Principal of the Smithsburg Academy 
at Smithsburg, Mo. 

D. B. Jones, Dickinson, '84, is Principal of the High School at New 
Castle, Del. 

C. S. Sargeant, Dartmouth, '76, is pastor of the Congregational Church 
at Adams, Mass. His labors are meeting with great success, especially 
in the Sunday-school. 

J. W. Ernst, Dartmouth, '76, is Principal of Dow Academy, Franconia, 
N. H. 

Henry O. Aiken, Dartmouth, '87, is at Princeton Theological Seminar>'. 
He recently addressed a Dartmouth mass meeting here with Brother O. S. 
Davis and another graduate. 

R. S. Bartlett, Dartmouth, '89, is attending Boston University Law 
School. His residence is 27 Ruthven street, Roxbury, Mass. 

L. R. Wentworth, Dartmouth, '8x, Somerville, Mass., has been chosen 
a member of the Common Council. 

John H. Bixby, Dartmouth, '83, was married Dec. loth, to Fannie L- 
Emerson, of Rochester, N. Y. He is now teaching in Ridge, N. H. 

W. H. Marble, Dartmouth, '83, late pastor of the Congregational 
Church in Enfield, N. H., has located at Wallace, Kansas. 

George M. French, M. D., Lambda, is also located in Maiden, Mass. 
He. began to practice his profession in Maiden about four years ago, and 
has been unusually successful. He may be seen at almost any time of 
day or night hurriedly driving through the streets in his attendance upon 
his patients. He has a large practice and is well liked by the people of 

Brother Neill, Lehigh, '88, is studying law with Sherman &Trumbiue, 
Titusville, Pa. 

Brother Johnston, Lehigh, '89, is with the Bethlehem Iron Co. 

Brother Cochran, Lehigh, is studying the growth of the pine in the 
forests of northern Michigan. 

Samuel F. Tower, Dartmouth, '84, is teaching in the Boston English 
High School. 

H. W. Thurston, Dartmouth, '86, is Principal of Lyons Township High 
School, La Grange, 111. 

Edwin Fairley, Amherst, '86, is attending Union Theological Seminary, 
Junior Class. He supplied the Congregational Church at Pitcher, N. Y., 
during the summer vacation. 


F. S. Bates, Lehigh, '88, with Ohio Oil Co., Oil City, Pa. 

C. M. Wilkens is studying law at Warren, Ohio. 

Archibald Johnston, Lehigh, '89, is a superintendent of the Govern- 
ment works of Bethlehem Iron Co., Bethlehem, Pa. 

Charles H. Deans, Lehigh, '89, who was in the employ of Sooysmith 
& Co., of Boston, Mass., left for California last week. 

George W. Harris, Lehigh, '89, is with the Silver Brook Mining Co., 
Silver Brook, Pa. 

Charles B. Cassady, Lehigh, '90, has a good position with the Johnson 
Steamship Co., Baltimore, Md. 

Mason D. Pratt, Lehigh, '86, is located at Dubuque, Iowa, at civil 

E. P. Van Kirk, Lehigh, '86, is stationed at Elizabeth, Pa. 

E. A. Heikes, Lehigh, '86, is Professor of Mathematics at the Millers- 
>nlle State Normal School, Millersville, Pa. 

Prank Williams, Lehigh, '87, is superintendent of the Michigan Steel 
Co., Detroit, Mich. 

Frank F. Amsden, Lehigh, '87, is with theL. I. &S. Co., Scran ton. Pa. 

Howard S. Neiman, Lehigh, '88, is with the Albany Analine Co., at 
Albany, N. Y. 

William L. NeiU, Lehigh, '88, is>tudying law at Titusville, Pa. 

H. L. Bowman, Lehigh, '85, who a short time ago entered upon the 
responsibilities of married life, is stationed at Pittsburg. 

Charles Thomas, Lehigh, '85, is at present consulting engineer of one 
of Chicago's street paving firms. 

Horace A. Luckenback, Lehigh, '86, is book-keeper for D. & A. Luck- 
cttbach, of Bethlehem Roller Mills, Bethlehem, Pa. 

Joseph F. Cochran, Lehigh, '91, is with the Superior Lumber Co., 
.\shland. Wis. 

Robert R. White, Amherst, '89, has entered Union Theological Semi- 
nary. He preached in Christ Chapel, New York, last summer, and had 
charge of several parties of the ** Tribune Fresh Air" children, going out 
with them. 

J. Leon Chamberlain, Amherst, '89, is teaching in a private school in 
Flatbnsh, L. L 

Warren J. Moulton, Amherst, '88, is still connecte'd with Leal's school 
at Plainfield, N. J. 

A. J. Hopkins, Amherst, '85, is instructor in chemistry at the Peekskill 
Military Academy, Peekskill, N. Y. 

F. L. Palmer, Amherst, '85, is at Yale Divinity School. Address, 1 19 
College street. New Haven. 

George Comwell, Amherst, '88, is the Monitor of the middle class at 
Union Theological Seminary, where he is doing the same earnest work 
• which characterized his course in college. Last summer he travelled 
through Minnesota and Wisconsin establishing Sunday-schools. 


Charles W. E. Chapin, Hamilton, *89, is a Junior in Union Theological 
Seminary. He spent last summer in journalism and rest at Richfield 

Charles S. Thompson, Brown, *62, Superintendent of the American 
District Telegraph Co., of Brooklyn, N. Y., whose unfortunate illness 
was mentioned in our last issue, has, we are glad to say, entirely recov- 
ered his health and has been attending to his official duties since the 

Franklin Burdge, Brown, '56, is passing the winter in Florida for his 
health, a late communication locating him temporarily at Key West. 

Capt. Edward O. Gibson, U. S. A., Union, *62, has been visiting his 
brother. Dr. ICasson Gibson, in New York city. He intends to pass the 
balance of the winter in Washington. He is retired from active ser^-ice 
by disability, having lost his right leg some years ago. His connection 
with the army dates back to Sept 3, 1862, when he was appointed Second 
Lieutenant of the 114th N. Y. Vol. Infantry; his subsequent record be- 
ing : Appointed ist Lieutenant ist Nov., 1863; honorably mustered out 
8th June, 1865; 2d Lieutenant 17th Regular Infantry 23d Feb. — accepted 
2d May, 1866; transferred to the 26th Infantry 21st Sept, 1866; made ist 
Lieutenant 28th July; transferred to loth Infantry 19th May, 1869; made 
Captain 2 1st May, 1883; retired i6th Feb., 1885. He has been lately 
heard of groping about the wilds of New York, but his fraternity friends 
have so far failed to encounter him. 

Hon. John M. Clark, R. P. I., '56, 2000 Prairie ave., Chicago, 111., has 
recently been confirmed by the Senate as Collector of Customs for the 
port of Chicago. He was at one time the Republican candidate for 
Mayor, but naturally, in that city, met with defeat This recog^iition by 
the President of his abilities, worth and public services, will be exceed- 
ingly gratifying to the fraternity. He spent the greater part of last year 
•in Europe. 


A pretty little initiation took place at East Saginaw, Mich., on Dec. 

1 8th, last, as a result of which Miss Nellie L. Saunders became, through 

Hymen's bonds, a sister Theta Delt The young lady in question and 

Dr. Lorenzo Burrows, Jr. , a brother of Rho Deuteron, '89, were united 

in marriage at the residence of Mr. Edwin Saunders, the bride's father, 

in that city, by the Rev. J. Hudson. The ceremony was private, only 

the immediate friends and relatives of the contracting parties, and the 

various charges of the Fraternity being honored with invitations. The 

gifts were numerous and elegant. The wedding trip included Detroit, 

Chicago, New York and other eastern cities. About the middle of Jan- 
uary Prof. Burrows returned to his duties as assistant in the medical de- 
partment of the University of Michigan, and the happy young couple 
are now at home to their friends at No. 65 East Washington St, Ann Ar- 
bor, Mich. The Shield unites with Theta Delts everywhere in wishing 
Dr. and Mrs. Burrows long and happy life. 

Theta Delta Chi Fraternity, Hpsilon Deuteron Charge. 

Jairus Wiluam Kennan, 

Y. U., S. S. S. »92. 

Whereas, It has pleased God in his infinite wisdom to remove from 
our number, our brother, Jairus WiliJiam Kennan; and 

Whereas, In his death we have lost a faithful and earnest friend and 
brother, it is eminently fitting that we should pay our best tribute of re- 
respect to his memory; therefore, 

Resolved^ That while humbly submitting to the decree of Almighty God, 
we as a brotherhood deeply mourn his loss, and extend to his bereaved 
friends our warmest sympathies. 

Resolved, That in the death of our brother, Epsilon Deuteron Charge 
has lost one of its most valued members and the Fraternity one whose 
loyalty and upright character won the respect of all. 

Resolved, That printed copies of these resolutions be sent to the rela- 
tives of our deceased brother, to the Grand I/>dge, to each Charge, and 
to the Theta Delta Chi Shield for publication. 

Edwin Rowe, Jr., 
Y. u., s. s. s. '90. 

Whereas, It has pleased God in his infinite wisdom to remove from 
our number, our brother, Edwin Rowe, Jr.; and 

Whereas, In his death we have lost a faithful and earnest friend and 
brother, it is eminently fitting that we should pay our best tribute of re- 
sped to his memory; therefore, 

Resolved, That while humbly submitting to the decree of Almighty God, 
we as a brotherhood deeply mourn his loss, and extend to his bereaved 
friends our warmest sympathies. 

Reeved, That in the death of our brother, Epsilon Deuteron Charge 
has lost one of its most valued members, and the Fraternity one whose 
loyalty and upright character won the respect of all. 

Resolved, That printed copies of these resolutions be sent to the rela- 
tives of our deceased brother, to the Grand I^odge. to each Charge, and 
to the Theta Delta Chi Shield for publication. 

For the Charge. 

C. B. SPRUCE, '90. 
H. H. SHEPARD, '91. 
R. W. SPRAGUE, '91. 
New Haven, Conn., March 17, iSgo, 

Theta Delta Chi Fraternity, Phi Charge. 



IVkerfas, Our HcavcnlyFather has seen fit to transfer Brother Edward 
L. Plunkett, M. D., of the class of 1880. to the Omega Charge; and 

IVhereas, We have lost in his death a faithful and especially earnest 
brother, who has ever shown a deep interest in the welfare of our be- 
loved Fraternity; therefore, 

Resolved, That although humbly submitting to the decree of Almighty 
God, whose ways are past finding out, we mourn his death, and extend 
our warmest sympathy to his bereaved friends. 

Resolved, That in the <ieath of our brother, Phi Charge has lost one of its 
most valued and enthusiastic members and the Fraternity one of its 
most loyal men. 

Resolved, That printed copies of these resolutions be sent to the relatives 
of our late brother, to the Grand Lodge, to each Charge, and to the Theta 
Delta Chi Shield for publication. 
For the Charge: 

C. K. READ, '90. 
A. E. KEIGWIN. '91. 
W. LaMONTE, '93. 
Easton, Pol., March 8, 1890. 

Theta Delt.\ Chi Fratkrnity, Kapi-a Charge. 



H^hereas, We, the members of Kappa Charge of Theta Delta Chi Fra- 
ternity, Tufls CollM^e, have with deep sorrow learned of the death of our 
esteemed brother, Charles Warren Sumner, class ol '69, Tufts College, 
deceased January 3, 1890; be it 

Resolved, That by his death our Fraternity has lost a worthy brother. 
Tufts College one of its most honored sons, and the State a faithful and 
efficient servant. 

Resolved, That we extend our heartfelt sympathy to the bereaved 
family of our deceased brother. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of the 
deceased, to the several Charges of our Fraternity, to the Theta Delta 
Chi Shield, the Tuftonian, and be entered upon the records of the 

For the Charge: 

W. L. RICKETTS, '90. 
F. W. PERKINS, '91. 
C. G. KIPP, '93. 
Tufls College, Jan. 20, 18^. 


Chicago, March 6, 1890. 

On behalf of Iota Charge, it is ourduty to announce the death, January 
30, 1890, of Stanley NIator Todd. He was bom in Stockton, N. Y., 
August 23, 1864. He fitted for college at Cortland High School and Al- 
bany Academy. He entered Harvard College in the fall of '83 and shortly 
after became a member of Iota Charge. After graduating, in 1887, he 
went to Paris, where he studied in the School of Political Science two 
years. In the fall of '89 he returned to his home in Stockton and was 
elected a delegate to the Republican State Convention. In September he 
entered the School of Political Science of Columbia College and would 
have graduated the following June. In December he contracted the 
illness which caused his death. CHARLP:s S. THOMPSON, '87. 



It is perhaps an easy matter to write of the living — but 
when in sadness of heart, with tear-shadowed eye we attempt 
to pay a last parting tribute of respect to loved ones who have 
gone on before to join the Angel band — the hand is palsied, 
the brain refuses to think, and we can do little but weep. Our 
Brother Plunkett is dead — stricken like a reed by the wind, he 
has vanished and his accustomed haunts shall know him no 
more forever. Can it be possible that we shall never again 
see his smiling face; never again clasp his hand in the grip 
which was so dear to him that he must give it on the very 
verge of the immortal shore; never again hear him sing the 
songs he loved so well ? When all the orators have ceased to 
proclaim the disadvantages of fraternity association; when all the 
famous writers have recorded their theories of the evils produced 
by fraternal companionship, and all has been said which might 
serve to prove conclusively that the greatest curse to the college 
student would be to join *'a brotherhood" — ^then I will come 
forward and simply relate the story of the beautiful life, the 
glorious love and the saintly affection of the blind hero for his 
chosen fraternity, adding thereto the mother's loving testimony, 
and who shall then say that Fraternity is not a boon to man- 
kind, an ennobling, endearing virtue which makes life more 
worth the living ? 

The memorial which has been contributed by an affection- 
ate brother is published on another page. We have added 
a portrait, copied from the best obtainable photograph, 
taken when Brother Plunkett entered Lafayette in 1877 
at the age of 21. This looks as he did then, and will be cher- 
ished by his old companions of the Phi charge then in college. 
Probably no member of the fraternity had so strong an affection 
for Theta Delta Chi as Brother Plunkett. Shut out from all 
the glories of vision, he leaned, next to his loving mother, 

74 ^^HB 8HIBI.1X 

upon his fraternity. It was all in all to him, and it satisfied 
him. The last time the writer saw him was at the graduate 
banquet in New York, in February, 1889. Happy in the love 
of the boys, surrounded by a number of the old Phi boys he 
seemed to overflow with good cheer and happiness. 

Brothers, we have transferred a bright and shining star to 
the Omega charge. As the years go by we shall miss his 
pleasant face and his wise counsel. With hearts saddened, let 
us not forget the lonely mother who gave her boy to Thela 
Delta Chi. While she mourns for him she bears a tender re- 
gard for Theta Delta Chi, because it contributed the most 
precious enjoyments of his darkened life. 

" In the long sigh that sets oar spirits free, 
We own the love that calls us back to thee," 

Every number of the Shiki«d since the management reverted 
to its present incumbent, has been increased in size and the 
present number equals in size any fraternity quarterly and far 
exceeds most of them. It is our intention to give at least four 
hundred pages of reading matter in this volume, if the same 
can be done without stuffing. Everything obtainable in the 
line of news in regard to our fi:atemity or its members will be 
printed. General college news is of interest to all. Matters 
pertaining to other fraternities are of interest to undergraduates. 
Any letters of interest will be welcomed as well as reminis- 
cences. We hope to make the Shield so full of interest to all 
that it will not be necessary to drum for subscribers. 

The first page of the original Shield of historic fame has 
been at considerable expense reproduced, and appears in this 
number. There are many articles of interest on the remaining 
pages which will be reprinted as matters of record. It is the 
desire of the editor to make the Shield a permanent record of 
all matters of interest. Such a course involves no small out- 
lay. This can only be met by responsive support from the 
graduates. The subscription price is so small that no one can 
feel it. It is hoped that those who have not already subscribed 
will do so after an examination of this number. Much inter- 


esting matter appears in the present issue. Several articles 
are crowded out by lack of space, which will appear in the 
July number. 

It has recently come to the knowledge of the editor that 
some member of the fraternity is endeavoring to create, among 
the undergraduate members of the various charges, a feeling 
of dissatisfaction with our present form of government by a 
Grand Lodge, and the malcontent suggests a council of some 
sort. I am not familiar with its details, but should not con- 
sider it necessary to outline them, if I were. I am not informed 
as to whom we are indebted for this new departure, and wish 
to put the Shield on record, while yet in ignorance, so that 
no appearance of personality may be charged. It is evident 
that the idea is not original. It resembles in general charac- 
ter the system now in vogue with some fraternities having a 
large number of chapters, which really renders it necessary for 
them to have a larger governing power to be representative. I 
object, strongly and persistently, to any such move, upon the 
part of any member of this fraternity. My reasons are that it 
is always wise to let well enough alone. I declare, without 
fear of truthful denial, that the Grand Lodge of the Theta 
Delta Chi fraternity is as good a governing power as exists in 
any fraternity in the land. No man dare bring a charge 
against the loyalty or honest purpose of any member of that 
body. It is simply a waste of time to add anything in defense 
of the Grand Lodge, but the merits of the case should be care- 
fully considered by every charge. And we note the following 
points : The size of the Grand Lodge is ample for the number 
of charges we have. Being naturally conservative, it is not 
probable that the number of charges will be sufficiently in- 
creased to render it necessary to increase the size of the gov- 
erning power. If such a time ever comes, then will be the 
proper time to consider the question. The idea of the Grand 
Lodge was conceived by this fraternity as an original proposi- 
tion, and the writer is proud to record the fact that he was of 
the number who propagated the idea, and his vote assisted in 


its adoption. Now it may be that in the days gone by reason- 
able Objections could have been raised against the Grand 
Lodge. If the personality of the body was not what it should 
have been, it did not reflect upon the idea, or the form of gov- 
ernment, but upon those whose votes created the personalitj'- 
of the body. I do not assume even that this was ever the 
case. I declare, however, that whatever may have been, the 
present is no time in which to bring forward such an idea. The 
last convention, in its wisdom, ratified a constitution whose 
provisions are all we might desire. Now let us have peace. 
If any man has a new idea to suggest, we will hear him pa- 
tiently and give it due consideration, but we have little patience 
with the one who trots out something which lacks the slight- 
est claim of originality, and would at once brand us as imita- 
tors. Theta Delta Chi has too good a record as leaders to 
stultify herself at this late day by allowing such an idea to 
take root. 

Those who have not already paid for vol. VI, are hereby 
notified that a remittance of $1.25 at once will pay for the 
year. It will ease your conscience and the publisher's mind. 
The charges have already received notice. Your remittance 
should be sent at once. Some charges, we regret to say, have 
not yet sent in any money for vol. V. This is not right. Do 
your duty and do it promptly. Hereafter the Shield will not 
be sent to charges in arrears or to graduates unless they remit 
promptly in advance. All charges which pay their subscrip- 
tions for the current year promptly will receive a bound volume 
at the end of the year for their hall. No copy will be sent 
during the year, and no charge will be made for the bound 

We give under the head of graduate personals a number of 
extended sketches of some of our prominent graduates. It 
seems fitting that the fraternity at large should be made ac- 
quainted with the high standing and prosperity of those who 
by their lives and work are giving Theta Delta Chi such a high 
rank among the fraternities. We shall, as opportunity ofiFers, 


present short biographies of our **bright stars.*' The effort 
put forth to secure accurate personal information in regard to 
old graduates has met with marked success, amply proven by 
the large number we are able to give. Many interesting per- 
sonals have unavoidably been crowded out, which will be 
printed in the next number. 

We trust that the leeway conceded to the management of 
the Shield by the last convention, the results of which are 
apparent in this number, will not be a source of regret to any 
brother. We have not forgotten our promise. No pains have 
been spared to make the Shield the peer of any journal in 
the land. The **gruesome cover" has been superseded by a 
design which pleases the editor. The change is final, and we 
hope all will be suited with it. We have followed no ones 
suggestions. The magazine throughout is the ideal of the 
editor and contains the evidence of his best ability. So it will 
remain unless experience shall suggest improvements. If the 
brothers accord a cheerful and sufficient support, the Shield 
is firmly established. If not, we will pocket the loss without 
a whine, as the result of gratifying our pride in our cherished 
fraternity, and resign the pen. Present evidence is not want- 
ing to show that the Shield is a *' pretty lively bird " and 
will die hard. 

Our warmest thanks are tendered to Bro. ly. Halsey Wil- 
liams for a copy of the good old song book, published in 1858, 
which was in use when the writer was in college. It awakens 
many sweet memories of the halcyon 'days in the long ago, 
and although the sight of a copy had not greeted his eyes in 
over twenty years, it was instantly recognized. No song book 
has been published since which would so thoroughly fill the 
bill with the graduates of the fifties, sixties or seventies, for 
use at the graduate dinners, and if some of the old graduates 
will contribute of their means, the editor will agree to dupli- 
cate the book and publish enough copies to supply all the 
charges and see that they are on hand at every graduate din- 


net. More than this, he will contribute twenty-five dollars 
toward printing them if necessar>^ In our humble judgment 
it is the best song book we ever had. It is full of songs we 
all know, written by such men as George Upton, J. Kilboume 
Jones, Moses Lyman, Jr., Henry F. Clark and John M. Hay. 
No objection could be made to adding new songs, but the 
good old book would make the welkin ring every time. Come 
brothers — ^you who have been blessed with good fortune, send 
in a check, and the books will be forthcoming. 

The Chicago Graduate Association of Theta Delta Chi will 
be the next bud to blossom. A few enthusiastic brothers in 
the famous western metropolis, chief among whom are W. R. 
Northway, A '53 ; George P. Upton, Z '54 ; Robert Forsyth, 
Delta, '59 ; Hosea Webster, B, '80 ; J. B. Houston, O^, ^84 ; 
W. C. Hawley, Delta, '86, and Max A. Kilvert, /, '89, are 
stirring up the graduates of the west. They have issued a 
call for a reunion and banquet to beheld at Kinslej^'s, (Adams 
street, opposite the post-office) at 7:30 p. m., Friday, April 
1 1 , '90. A large number have already promised to be present, 
and the reunion bids fair to be a great success. If any brother 
in the vicinity of Chicago has not received an invitation, he 
may consider thisja formal invitation to be present and aid in 
the organization of the new graduate association. The re- 
marks in regard to the Southern banquet will apply with equal 
force here. These graduate associations should be w^ell at- 
tended. We regret our inability to be present, having already 
promised to attend the Southern banquet. Don't fail to go. 
It will do you good. 

Ati. subscriptions to the Shield for this year's volume are 
now due, and it is your duty to pay at once, before it is for- 
gotten. Bills have already been sent to all Charges, and they 
are expected to remit promptly. Remember that it is obliga- 
tory upon you to take the Shield. Sample copies of the 
Shield have been sent to every graduate member whose ad- 
dress is known, and subscriptions are now in order. Responses 
are coming in rapidlj% Let the good work go on. 


The Southern Association banquet will be held at the Hote 
Rennert, Baltimore, Md.^atg p. m., April nth. A most 
cordial invitation is extended, through the Shiei,d, to every 
graduate brother who can possibly do so to be present. Please 
notify Bro. Alex M. Rich, secretary, Reisterstown, Md., of 
your intention to be present. There is nothing which will 
keep alive the brotherly love of the Theta Delta Chi and in- 
spire new zeal like a banquet. I speak from experience. 
After twenty years of fraternal inactivity, during which the 
pressing cares of business drove out all the pleasant recollec- 
tions of college and society life, the pleasure experienced at a 
banquet of the New York Graduate Association four years ago, 
awakened the long dormant fire of Theta Delt love, and no 
banquet within reach has t^en neglected since. It has renewed 
my youth, as it will that of any brother who will attend. Lay 
aside business and go to this banquet if possible. It will be the 
best investment you can make. Age comes upon us all too 
soon. Let us not forget the vestal fires. Our Southern broth- 
ers need our presence. It is worth the exertion of a great 
effort. No man will sacrifice more in his effort to be present 
than the writer, but we shall be there, providence permitting. 

The price of the present volume of the Shield has been 
reduced to members of active charges actually in college^ with 
the express understanding that it is the duty of every member 
to subscribe znii pay promptly. All graduates and those who 
have left college will as usual pay $1.25, and remit direct to 
the publisher. Will the charges please note that they must 
not collect from any but members in college. Bills have already 
been mailed to the corresponding secretaries. It would be 
proper to remit $1.00 for each member from the treasury, and 
assess the amount. Graduates will please note that no person 
is authorized to collect or receive subscriptions. Always re- 
rait direct to the publisher. If any additions are made to the 
members in a charge they should send their subscription. 
Owing to the tardy manner in which active charges remitted 
for Vol. V, (about half not yet having paid), the publisher 


has concluded not to send the Shield to any charge till the 
subscription price is paid. One copy will be sent for each 
dollar remitted, and all will be forwarded to the address of the 
charge editor. If your Shield fails to arrive you may readily 
surmise why it is not forthcoming. 

The undergraduate brothers are reminded that the Shield 
will be glad to receive copies of all college publications. Much 
news can be gleaned from them which is of interest to grad- 
uate members as well as the other charges. Due acknowledg- 
ment will be made in next number of the Shield after their 

In the last number of the Shield reference was made to a 
prize offered. by the Alpha Tau Omega Palm for the best article 
on Pan-Hellenism. By mistake the value of the prize was 
stated $50. It should have been $25. We trust no harm was 
done by the error, which was simply an oversight in proof- 

Theta Delta Chi extends to Delta Tau Delta her sincere 
sympathy in the Idss of Mr. J. M. Phillips of Chattanooga, 
Tenn., the able editor of the last number of the Rainbow^ who 
met his death in October last. We had not heard of the sad 
event until after the December Shield was issued, hence the 
apparent delay in our tender. 

We hope our professional brothers will appreciate the value 
of our directory and send in their cards for insertion. The 
price is so nominal ($1.75) that you will not feel it, while the 
Shield will be benefitted largely. If you desire the Shield 
to maintain its present size, your support is absolutely neces- 
sary. We have increased its size at every issue, until now we 
have approximate 100 pages of reading matter. This will be 
the average size of subsequent numbers if the receipts will 
warrant it. 


Work on our catalogue has been much delayed, owing to 
the long-continued illness of Bro. O. S. Davis. With his cus- 
tomary pluck, however, he rises from the ruins of his dis- 
appointed hopes. Within a week from the time he was suc- 
cessfully convalescent he began again the work, and now is 
actively pushing it. He is sending out over four hundred 
letters every week. A completely classified blank is sent to 
each brother whose address is known. If every brother who 
receives this blank will carefully fill it out at once and return 
to Bro. Davis, our catalogue will be promptly forthcoming. A 
delay by one single brother will hinder the work by just as long 
a time as he neglects to do his part. The catalogue will not 
be printed till the copy is all complete. If you have not al- 
ready done so, fill out the blank at once and mail it to Bro. 
0. S. Davis, White River Junction, Vt. If you have received 
no blank, write to him for one, as he may not have your 
proper address. 

The next number of the Shield will contain as a frontis- 
piece a portrait of Andrew H. Green of Syracuse, who is the 
only living founder beside Abel Beach, whose portrait appears 
in this number. A sketch of Bro. Green's life will also be 

Mr. William R. Baird, of New York, is preparing a new 
edition of * 'American College Fraternities.'* The first edition, 
while painfully incorrect in many particulars, served an excel- 
lent purpose, and we hail with delight the prospect of a re- 
vised edition. All fi-atemities should co-operate in every way 
with Mr. Baird in the work and lend the use of their columns 
to advance its sale. Editors of the various fraternity periodi- 
cals can no doubt render valuable aid, and for one the Shiei^d 
tenders her humble services, hoping thereby to secure a more 
accurate record of Theta Delta Chi. 

A communication received fi"om Mr. Baird, since the above 
was written, states that he can not go to press with the new 
edition till 800 subscriptions are received. Not quite half that 
number have been thus far sent in. Mr. Baird states that he 


will submit his article on Theta Delta Chi to the Shield edi- 
tor for examination and correction. This book is of as much 
interest and value to fraternity men, either active or graduate, 
as an encyclopaedia is to the literary or professional man. Its 
price, $2.00, puts it within reach of all. We quote from Mr. 
Baird's announcement : 

The proposed edition is designed to contain : 

I- A record of the development of the Fraternity system. 

2. A statement of the features common to all or nearly all of the fra- 

3. An account in detail of each fraternity, including the men's frater- 
nities, the women's fraternities, the local, honorary, professional and 
special fraternities, embracing so far as possible the following points: 
(i.) The circumstances surrotknding its origin and the names of the 
founders. (2.) Its chapter list, including the name of each chapter, date 
of its establishment, the cause of decease if any, the number of members, 
characteristic and origin of particular chapters. (3.) Organizations 
other than chapters, such as clubs, camps, etc. (4.) The past and pres- 
ent forms of government (5. ) The publications of each fraternity, in- 
cluding catalogues, periodicals, song books, histories and music. (6.) 
Miscellaneous historical facts. (7.) Prominent alumni, including Sena- 
tors, Congressmen, Judges, Federal and State officials, Clergy, College 
Presidents, Professors, authors and others. (8.) Insignia, including 
badges, colors, flags and other emblems. 

4. A list of the colleges containing one or more chapters, with appro- 
priate information about their age, annuals and other facts. 

5. A summary of facts in tabular form. 

6. The arrangement for the existence of the fraternities. 

The last edition was illustrated with steel plates. The present one will 
be illustrated simply with wood cuts, if at al), the former style being too 
expensive; the present size of the book may or may not be retained. 

The new edition will only be issued provided eight hundred subscrip- 
tions are obtained in advance of publication at two dollars a copy. If a 
sufficient number of the Fraternity men desire the book, subscribing will 
be the test of the sincerity of their wish. The last edition was a failure 
financially, on account of the discounts given to agents and the expen- 
sive illustrations. 

The Shield sees the desirability and necessity of such a 
book, and urges every Theta Delt to subscribe for what wiU 
be an exceedingly valuable addition to his library. In order 
to help along the good work, orders for this book will be re- 
ceived by the publisher and turned over to Mr. Baird. Do 


not send your money until the book is published, but send 
your name in at once. Every graduate will be fully repaid 
for his subscription by the information contained therein, which 
will awaken his interest in his own fraternity and show its 
status as comxjared with others. Active charges should 
make up their list of subscriptions now. Send them to the 
Shield. Do it at once. We want this book issued. Mr. 
Baird takes the proper stand, and the sooner you subscribe the 
sooner the book will be issued. Let us hear from you at once. 

The next reunion and banquet of the Buffalo Graduate 
Association will be held at the Iroquois hotel, in Buffalo, May 
30th. Don't forget the fact, and be there if possible. 

A LIST of all new initiates of the year was promised for this 
number. letters were written to all the charges to furnish 
such information, and four out of eighteen supplied it. The 
list will be published as soon as complete, if not too late in the 

It is not x>ossible, in the hurry incident to editing and pre- 
paring copy for the Shield, in connection with the extensive 
business in which the editor is engaged, to avoid making a 
considerable number of errors. Readers of the Shield, as 
well as those who are directly affected by such errors, will 
kindly bear' with the editor. All errors discovered will be 
corrected in the next number. If the brothers will make the 
corrections as soon as they are announced, the danger of being 
misled will be materially lessened. 

Do NOT forget that our advertisers have invested their money 
in the Shield, and if you do not patronize them the invest- 
ment is a dead loss to them. Much effort has been made to 
secure a large number, as the income derived therefrom assures 
the success and permanency of the Shield — during its time 
of probation. When the subscription list shall have reached a 
maximum, then, if it be the desire of the fraternity, they can 


be lessened in number. In the meantime, however, while the 
number is largely augmented in this issue over any fraternity 
magazine published, the utmost care has been exercised in their 
selection. The editor feels personally responsible for every 
advertisement in the Shield, and unhesitatingly adds his 
recommend to everything therein advertised. Many of the 
ads. are from personal friends in whom he has an abiding in- 
terest. A number are from Theta Delts and such demand an 
all-absorbing interest. In the interest of those who have thus 
contributed to the success of the present volume of the Shield 
short notes will be interspersed in reading matter. Your in- 
dulgence is craved — do not take offense at it. It is simply 
business. The Shield is devoted primarily to matters per- 
taining to Theta Delta Chi, but there is room for a few words 
for our business patrons. Do not forget the policy outlined in 
the last number. Our motto is fraternity and business, but 
no literary * *per se. ' ' 

As WE go to press the official announcement of the estab- 
lishment of a charge at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology is received. The initiation ceremony will take place 
at the Tremont House in Boston on the evening of March 21st. 
A full account will appear in the next Shield. 

We are indebted to Rev. A. W. Pierce, Principal of Goddard 
Seminary, Barre, Vt., for copies of the old Shield — Nos. 3 
and 4, of both Vol. i and 2; also to Brother William L. Stone, 
of Jersey City, for No. 2 of Vol. 2. We need to complete our 
file, the old original No. i of 1869; No. i of Vol. i, January, 
1884; Nos. I and 2 of Vol. 2 (Janu^y and April, 1885), and 
No. I, Vol. 3, September, 1886. If any reader of the Shield 
has any of these numbers which he is willing to spare and will 
send them to the editor, his kindness will be acknowledged 
with many thanks. 

A DIRECTORY of Ncw York city was promised in this num- 
ber of the Shield. The same is in print, but not yet corrected 
in a sufficient degree to justify its publication. The pressure 


of Other matter of greater importance would crowd it out in 
any event. One of the good brothers of the Phi 9harge — en- 
thusiastic in his love for the fraternity — has volunteered to pay 
the entire expense of a graduate directory, which he desires 
distributed gratuitously to all the brothers in the territory cov- 
erel. He suggests that the directory should include New 
York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Boston and other 
smaller cities of the Middle States. It will be published in 
pocket form as soon as complete data can be obtained. This 
will be a desirable book, and brothers residing in any of the 
cities named would confer a favor by informing the editor at 
once of their own address and occupation, and also give as 
many other names as may be possible. It is intended as a 
complete list of graduates permanently located. College stu- 
dents in New York city will not be included, except such as 
have permanent homes in the city. 

The attention of undergraduate editors, as well as all others, 
is called to the fact that any personal item should contain the 
college, class and address of the subject, and the full name 
should always be given. No personal will hereafter be pub- 
lished which is not suflBciently explicit to locate accurately. 
It will also save the editor the trouble of re-writing entirely 
the copy, if the brothers will be careful to observe the same 
style, viz. : Name, college, class and residence — as seen in this 
number of the Shield. 

The seventh annual banquet of the New England Associa- 
tion will be held at Young's Hotel, Boston, under auspices of 
Kappa charge, April 17th, at 7:30 p. m. Dinner tickets, $2.50. 
Do not fail to attend if possible. Send to F. W. Perkins, Col- 
lege Hill, Mass., for tickets before April 14. 

It seems advisable to change the date of issue of the second 
number so that it may reach undergraduates before college 
closes. It will be dated June and mailed about June 10. The 
third number will contain commencement news and be issued 
September 15. 



[from experiknce.] 

lyast night, in sweet transport of vision, methought 
I was happy at home with my loved and lost boys, 
Who had come as of yore and endearingly sought 
My time to beguile with their innocent joys. 
Home comforting joys! 

Their past was with many dear memories crowned. 
With many sweet charms and good deeds was made bright; 
Their present the halo of youth shone around, 
. Their future was lit with Hope's heavenly light. 
Resplendent the light! 

presence most dear! O sweet moment of bliss! 
No rapture more hallowed could angels impart 
To man from the mansions above than was this 
Brief hour of delight to a fond father's heart. 

O'erflowing my heart! 

But alas! The bright vision, dispelled, is soon made 
To deepen the darkness where light seemed to gleam. 
My boys in their silent beds long since were laid; 

1 wake but to find that my bliss was a dream. 

Delusive the dream ! 

'Tis well that the future lies hid in the mist. 
When dreaming we need but to reach and receive. 
The goal of ambition is oflen a tryst 
Where fortune and honor but gleam and deceive. 
Dreams only deceive! 

The ocean of life to the young and the bold, 
With its beauteous expanse and its perfume of breeze. 
With Utopian isles hiding treasures untold, 
Has a thousand alluring charms suited to please. 
In prospect to please! 

O how ofleu at noon, under calm sunlit skies, 
The gallant bark glides o'er the gem crested wave 
But to sink 'neath the mountainous billows that rise 
In the lightning-torn night, when no effort can save: 
Heaven only could save! 

And now, as I gaze on the wreck-stricken shore, 
Or am tossed on the deep at the sport of the wind. 
My spirit in anguish cries out—nevermore 
Will peace be my lot till the heaven I find. 
Shall finally find! 

Iowa City, lorva, Sept. /7th, tSS^. —Abel Bbach. 

Selitorieir flo\e§ erne[ Gommentl*. 

Co-operative housekeeping has been successfully tried by about 
twenty students at the Boston University. They are located in 
Holyoke street, at the South End, about a mile and a half from the Col- 
lege. They are known collectively as Lambda Charge of Theta Delta 
Chi, and enjoy the distinction of being the only college fraternity having 
a club house in Boston. The boys live on the best of the market, and it 
is not at an expensive rate, either. In their plan a commissary is ap- 
pointed, who makes the purchases and attends to all the necessities of 
the dining-room, in return for which he is exempt from paying a board- 
bin. The actual expense of the week is added up at the end of each 
week, and apportioned equally among the members. Accommodation 
equal to that at the club would cost the average student at least $& per 
week. It is estimated that $$ per week covers all expenses of room and 
board, the board averaging something like I2.50 each week. The accom- 
modations of the house are much too small now, afler a three-years* trial 
of the club, and next fall the students will be located in more commo- 
dious quarters nearer the college. There is also some talk of uniting 
with the ten "Tech " students, who are to be instituted as a chapter of 
the fraternity, so that plans may be made for a club-house that shall ac- 
commodate at least fifty. — N', V. Tribune, March 22. 

The above extract covers two important points — economy 
and companionship. While it enables the boys to have the 
best for the least money, it builds up an intimate friendship 
which will live till death. This strengthens the fraternity, 
both directly and indirectly. 

Fraternity men as a rule are not sufficiently well informed in regard 
to the Greek world. It is not one in ten, whose information even about 
his own fraternity extends beyond his own chapter lines, and in general 
absolute ignorance in regard to other fraternities prevails. — Kappa Alpha 

This statement certainly would have been absolutely cor- 
rect made twenty or perhaps even ten years ago, but since 
fraternity journals have appeared, this state of ignorance is 
rapidly disappearing. These journals are filling a long felt 
want for a means of communication between chapters of fra- 


temities, and graduate members who can be reached in no 
other way. Even if the under-graduates are kept posted by 
correspondence, as soon as the member of a fraternity leaves 
college, his means of information is cut off and he at once be- 
gins to lose the vital interest in fraternity affairs unless he is 
visited by the fraternity periodical. The day will come when 
the fraternity magazine will be the oracle of every college so- 
ciety, and if any bond of sympathy ever exists between rival 
societies, it will be generated and fostered through the fra- 
ternity press. 

"Thk question may fairly be raised," said a Harvard graduate, a rising 
young lawyer, the other day, *' whether it is for the best interests of the 
alumni of coUegef), who live in and near this city, that |5 or $6 should 
be charged for a plate at the annual college dinners. In college we 
thought a |3 dinner was a banquet fit for the gods, but in New York city 
the executive committees of the alumni associations seem to think that 
it is necessary to hold the annual dinner at a grand place like Delmoni- 
co*s or the Brunswick. Of course there is a good reason for resorting to 
these places because there is plenty of room there. What would meet 
the wishes of a large majority of the alumni, who are for the most part 
young men struggling to get a place in their chosen professions, is that a 
hostelry should be selected for the annual dinner where all the alumni 
would go, and where they would enjoy themselves in a good old-fashioned 
college way — a dinner for about $3, and songs and speeches that would 
promote good fellowship. — N. V. Sun, February 15, *90. 

The above extract so accurately represents the opinion formed 
by the writer after much experience in the banquet business, 
that he is led to present it with comments. There is no ques- 
tion as to the truth of the statement, not only with reference 
to college students, but also with two- thirds of the alumni. 
The older and more fortunate graduates do not for a moment 
regard the price of a dinner, but they should give more regard 
to the painful necessity which debars so many of the^ less 
favored graduates from lending their presence. I think I am 
entirely safe in asserting that the attendance at our last grad- 
uate dinner would have been double at a less price. When 
the expense of a journey to New York and the extras are 
added to the price of a banquet ticket, the amount is quite 
startling in the case of those who live at any distance frt)m the 


city. Of course modesty forbids a true reason being given. 
To the writer the ** menu '* has few attractions. The ** post 
prandial feast," is that which fills the soul with delight and 
renews pleasant memories of happy days. It is that to which 
we look forward, and after it is passed we live it over again 
and again. We can get ** blue points and consomme," any- 
where and at any time, but how seldom we have the oppor- 
tunity of listening to the wit of our own ** Curly Hethering- 
ton," or such eloquence as that which poured forth from the 
lips of our honored Dan Lockwood at the last banquet. It 
seems that we are not sufficiently thoughtful of our brothers. 
The experiment of a reduced price would, I think, prove con- 
clusively that the arguments are based upon fact, while upon 
this subject another point is suggested. Let a fund be created 
by the payment of a regular annual fee — not less than one 
dollar or more than three dollars — ^by every member of the 
graduate association, the proceeds of which, after paying the 
expense of printing and postage, shall be devoted to compli- 
mentary tickets, which shall be presented to the venerable 
graduates and early workers in the fraternity. To such men 
as Franklin Burdge, Wm. L. Stone, Andrew H. Green, and 
many others, to whom we owe so much, it would be tangible 
proof to them of our abiding interest in them, and a real sin- 
cere desire for their presence. Could it be known that any 
number of such men were going to be present at a banquet, 
the efiect would be magical. The serious consideration of this 
suggestion is asked at the hands of the executive committee. 

"If there is one distinction more than another in which Phi Gamma 
Delta can boast pre-eminence, it is that she is a literary fraternity. By 
this is not meant that the nature of her meetings are of a literary cast, 
but that her sons have attained prominence in the field of scholarship and 
literature, rather than in politics. We are never weary of enumerating 
the names of Lew Wallace, Edward Eggleston, Manrice Thompson, John 
Clark Redpath, General Sheridan and a host of lesser lights to the pros- 
pective candidate.** — Phi Gamma Quarterly, A fraternity which makes 
sacfa claims should prove it by her legitimate sons, which the above are 
not, having been elected honorary members of Phi Gamma Delta after 
thev became famous; we doubt that Gen. Sheridan ever took even the 


oath of allegiance to Phi Gamma Delta. All fraternities at one period of 
their lives seem to have initiated such members, but with the exception 
of Phi Gamma Delta and Alpha Tau Omega all have stopped it, generally 
by legislation. These two continue it, and Phi Gamma Delta's chapter 
at Pennsylvania State College is even now boasting of the expectation of 
electing three of the professors of that institution. A fraternity such as 
Phi Gamma Delta should be able to raise her own noted sons. — The 
Rainbow of ^ T A, , 

What possible sense there is in any fraternity electing hon- 
orary members, we cannot see. It is directly antagonistic te 
the first principles of fraternity life and no man whether an 
honorary member or otherwise, who has not been an actual 
participant in the joys and sorrows of his fraternity, by per- 
sonal contact in college, can for a moment feel any enthusiasm 
or love for his brotherhood. He has the name, but it is a 
hollow mockery. Fraternities may if they please elect 
noted men honorary members, but when they set them up as 
standard of excellence of this fraternity as a means of influenc- 
ing the guileless freshman, they not only do great injustice to 
the noted men,but also disgrace themselves by false representa- 
tions. Theta Delta Chi, so far as the writer is informed, has 
never aspired to draw into its ranks any men of renown, after 
their record has been made, by the means of honorary member- 
ship and has no honor list except that of her legitimate sons 
who have earned their right to the name by excellent service in 
college. Now comes back to us the refulgence of their renown. 
Many men of note are glad to recognize Theta Delta Chi as 
their fraternity, and we can justly point with pride to them as 
representatives of our fraternity. 

The only "breeze '* at Indiana State University this spring was furn- 
ished by !? A 0. They expelled one of their members and another re- 
signed. They were both immediately taken in by B II. — 2 X Quar- 
terly. We should rather say the " breeze " was furnished by B (9 /T, who 
seems to be distinguishing herself in her own peculiar manner at that 
university. Last year they initiated an expelled $KW^ and the year 
before an ex-^ f A, and this summer we were informed by one of their 
own chapter that they had pledged a 2 X. — ^F A Quarterly, 

A sort of Pan-Hellenic chapter, it seems. Last year the Betas had a 
man in their ranks who was expelled from K 2 for gross deception and 
fraud. — K2 Quarterly. 


It does seem strange that any fraternity will take in a man 
who has been expelled from any other fraternity. Reasoning 
by first principles only, no man would be expelled except for 
good and sufficient reasons. A man who is unfit for association 
in one fiatemity is surely not worthy of membership in any 
other society of the same standing. Theta Delta Chi has no 
desire to swell her ranks by admitting the castaways of any 
other fraternity. A member of the fraternity cannot at will 
resign. He is always a member if his conduct entitles him to 
it. If not he is expelled. If all fraternities would adopt the 
same rigid rule, never under any circumstances to accept a 
man who has resigned or been expelled from any other like 
oi^anization, then the unruly ones could be more easily 
brought under the sway of proper influences. The name of 
every expelled member of a fraternity should be published, not 
only in journals of the fraternity from which he was expelled, 
but in every other — Pan-Hellenic enthusiasts should chew this 
morsel. It would be a good work well done, and belongs 
legitimately to the line of work which fraternities might take 
up in common. Take the matter to your conventions and pass 
the edicts. Theta Delta Chi proposes it and will lead the van. 

'* A sheepskin is a poor passport to public favor, and those who have 
nothing else to offer will be apt to find the road to success a difficult one." 

This is the closing remark of an editorial in the last Anchora, 
based upon a discussion between a group of young ladies, as to 
whether any attempt at general culture should be made while 
in college. To the college student no sentiment is so fraught 
with weiglity truth. Many young men seem to think when 
they pass for the last time the portals of **Alma Mater,/' with 
a diploma under their arms that they are the happy possessors 
of an ** open sesame " to any position of trust which the world 
has to oflFer. Could we relate the experiences of the multitude 
who have been rudely awakened from their blissful dream almost 
on the very threshold of life's experience, it would need no 
argument to prove that a sheepskin without brains and culture 
is absolutely worthless. If everyone could realize this at the 
beginning of their college course, how much higher would be 


the Standing of college students of both sexes. The minutes 
are golden, yet there is time for both physical and mental cul- 
ture if no opportunities are neglected. Our fraternity relations 
are powers for good in this direction if rightly exercised. 

We clip from the December Arrow : 

" In the coming convention certainly not too much stress can be put 
upon the idea that Pi Beta Phis must not pledge preps. We can better 
afford to allow the entire field to other fraternities when the only harvest 
possible is one so immature as preparatory students. Such initiates have 
not breathed enough of the atmosphere that surrounds more advanced 
college life to know how to adopt a fireside that will bring her into the 
most congenial companionship. We, as an organization of college young 
women banded together for common helpfulness, cannot afford to adopt 
other than grown-up members into our chapter household.** 

The sentiment expressed in this extract has the true ring. 

Many of the college societies lay great stress upon the elevated 

standard which they claim to hold; but give themselves away 

when they crowd into institutions which are already full, or 

academies which ape the title *' College,'* and not only pledge, 

but initiate preps. If Pi Beta Phi will rigidly practice what 

she preaches in her Arrow, no fear need be entertained as to 

her standard. It will be as high and float as long as zny in 

the land. Those are the sentiments of Theta Delta Chi, good 

sister, and we congratulate you on your grit. 

The Phi Delta Theta Scroll takes exception to the fact that 
some of their alumni organizations do not send reports of their 
doings to the Scroll, He says, ** Let them remember that the 
matter is of interest to the whole fraternity.*' Yes, indeed. 
We agree most heartily with the Scroll^ and we also deplore 
the fact that Theta Delta Chi is fully as recreant in this par- 
ticular. When you get together for a good time, don't forget 
the Shield. Send a report and let all the boys know that you 
are alive and enjoying the privileges and benefits of the fra- 
ternity. The handsome thing would always be to send the 
poor editor, who works so hard for love, an invitation. He can 
not attend all the spreads, but '* it is sweet to be remembered," 
you know. 


How often has it occurrred that two Theta Belts have been 
associated together for a long time in entire ignorance of the 
fact that they were brothers ? No one knows. The Shikld 
takes to itself the credit of having introduced several, with 
much surprise to themselves, through its pages. The follow- 
ing extract from a letter just received from Benj. Douglass, Jr., 
illustrates this point very strongly. He writes: *' I am just 
in receipt of yours informing me that the Rev. R. S. Green is a 
Theta Delt. The news is a great surprise to me. Dr. Green 
has dined with me several times. I am a member of the church 
in Orange which gave him a call. It is singular that I should 
have entertained a Theta Delt so long unawares.** Graduates 
may make more startling discoveries than this by carefully 
reading the graduate personals. 

The Pi Beta Phi sorosis, at Lombard University, seems to 
be on excellent terms with Phi Delta Theta or vice versa. The 
chapter letter in December Arrow relates two very pleasant and 
Pan-Hellenic events. The Zeta chapter of Phi Delta Theta 
in\'ited the Pi Beta Phis to a joint meeting in their Chapter 
Hall, and presented them as a token of their regard and esteem 
with seventy-five dollars. This was a very neat way of ex- 
pressing it; and decidedly substantial. On Hallowe'en, the 
Sorosis invited the Phi Delts to an ** initiation and grub," at 
the residence of one of the sisters. They blindfolded the boys 
and ushered them into the presence of the girls, who were 
attired in sheet and pillow case uniform. The narrative recites 
that after they had razzle-dazzled the boys to their hearts' 
content they proceeded to grub, a genuine Hallowe^en supper, 
the last course being a dish of ** chestnuts." No doubt, the 
boys enjoyed it equally as well as the girls. We wonder if 
Cupid was there to manipulate the arrow of Pi Beta Phi. 


As many letters are received which are best communicated to the readers of the 
Shield in their natural condition, this department has been organized. Letters are 
invited on any subject of interest to the Fraternity. Suggestions or opinions on cur- 
rent fraternity topics and reminiscences, or personal history of any Theta Delt, will 
be welcomed. In the present issue we have inserted a number of letters to show how 
the Shield has been received. 

Jersey City, Dec. 26, 1889. 
Dear Shield: It seems to me that the Shield should be made a 
repertory of just such incidents as that relating to Bro. George Pomeroy 
(see graduate personals), giving an account of those who have gone over 
to the Silent Majority and those who are still living among us. It also 
appears to me that it would be a good plan to have one number of the 
Shield devoted solely to an account of all of our A X brothers of 
whom we have any knowledge, even if we take the accounts in the 
old numbers of the Shield and publish them over in extenso. Then 
we will have them all in tangible form, and in one issue. While in col- 
lege I got a blank book and had each member of the fraternity write his 
name in it. I devoted three pages to each, and from time to time I have 
put down their history as I have gleaned it through the years. I had 
thought, should you desire it, I would send you a copy of this up to date, 
and you could publish it This however I know, that nothing, it seems 
to me, would be of greater interest. Yours, 

William L,. Stone. 

14 Wall St., New York, Dec 27, 1889. 
Dear Brother: The December number of the Shield just received. 
It is something to be proud of. Glad to see that it is in such good hands. 
Has an aristocratic appearance, as though it was not ashamed of itself. 

Yours truly, Charles S. Marvin. 

New Haven, Conn., Dec. 26, 1889. 
Dear Bro. Holmes: The Shield is a thing of beauty and a joy for- 
ever. I enclose check for my subscription. The fraternity seems to be 
booming. Fraternally yours, 

F. I/. Palmer. 

Ogden, Utah, Feb. 14, 189a 
Dear Brother: The sample copy of the Shield that I received some 
time since was carefully read, and my interest in the Fraternity was con- 


siderably increased. I have been unable to meet Theta Delts in the 
charge room since my graduation, but I would like to keep informed of 
the whereabouts of my brothers, so send me the Shiei«d. With best 
wishes for the Shield and the Fraternity, I am 

Yours in the sacred bonds, F. J. Metcai^f. 

Sweetwater, Tenn., Feb. 7, 1890. 
Dear Brother: I enclose check for Shiei*d. I am interested in any- 
thing connected with the good of dear old A X. I loved her as a boy, 
and she has strengthened with my strength. I remember the old boys 
of Hamilton, and as their names come before me in the Shiei^d I live 
over pleasant memories. I will write you a note some day of my work 
and of bringing S J X South in a grand convention. 

Yours, J. S. Bachman. 

Crisfield, Md., Jan. 16, 1890. 
Dear Brother: Enclosed you will find my subscription for the Shiei^d. 
The sample copy you kindly sent was full of interesting things to me. I 
will hail the arrival of the next number with pleasure. I hope the pres- 
ent year will be one of unprecedented success for the Shield. Every 
Theta Delt should subscribe. Yours fraternally, 

G. T. Atkinson. 

2613 Pacific Ave., San Francisco, Cal., Jan. 10, 1890. 
Dear Brother: I arrived here on the 6th, and found December num - 
ber of the ShibU) waiting for me. It did me lots of good and brought 
me back to college once more when I read its pages. Enclosed find I1.25 
for my subscription to the next volume. 

That letter of Bachman^s is great, and when I get a chance I am going 
to run down to Fresno to see him. I met several Theta Delts in Kansas 
City, and all of them were very enthusiastic. With a good old grip, I am 

Yours in the bonds, L. C. Du Bois. 

St. Paul, Minn., Dee. 27, 1889. 
My Dear Brother: I am much pleased with the Shiei*d. It is a 
credit in every way to the Fraternity. I am glad to be a subscriber, and 
hope you will be sustained. By means of the Shiei*d I hope to keep in 
touch with Fraternity life. Fraternally yours, 

Mahlon N. G11.BERT, 

Hobart, '70. 

New York, Dec. 38, 1889. 
Dear Brother: I enclose check for subscription to volume VI. Per- 
mit me to say that I have read the Shiei«d with a great deal of interest; 
in fact it is only since you have taken charge of the publication that I 


have taken the interest and time to examine the journal. I consider that 
3'ou are deserving of the utmost praise for the valuable assistance you 
have rendered our Fraternity. Sincerely yours, 

Benj. Dougi«ass, Jr., 

Phi, '71. 

Pittsburg, Dec. 31, 1889. 

Dear Brother: I received at my Pittsburg address the last copy of 
the Shield, and it is a reminder on the subject of subscription. If not 
already paid advise me and I will remit. 

The story told in your California letter is of itself worth the year's 

Your notes in regard to graduates I find exceedingly interesting. I 
was never aware before that Mr. Henry Harley was a Theta Delta Chi. 
I knew him well and came frequently in contact with him, and regret 
very much that I never gave him the old grip. 

Very truly yours in 6 J X, L. Hai^EY Wiluams. 

ScoTTSviLi^E, N. Y., Jan. 11, 1890. 
Dear Brother: The last Shiei^d was received at the proper time. I 
am glad the convention saw fit to bestow the whole management upon 
you, and I hope every Theta Delt will show his appreciation of the first- 
class fraternity magazine which the Shiei^d now is, by subscribing for it 
at once. Please find enclosed I1.25 for my subscription to the next 
volume. Fraternally youre, 

Edward S. Brown. 

Utica, Dec. 27, 1889. 
Dear Brother: I have before me the very excellent December num- 
ber of the Shiei^d, and I am proud indeed of the fraternity that has 
such a publication. 

You are doing a good work for Theta Delta Chi. A magazine repre- 
senting the life, the movement of the fraternity, helps us all. It unites 
us more strongly. Yours in the bonds, 

JAS. T. Howes, 

Beta. '88. 

"City OF Cowboys," Feb. 10, 1890. 

Dear Bro. Editor: Allow me to preface my remarks by the statement 
that cowboys are not so numerous in the city as at this time last year, 
and although we did have to drive the buffalos off the diamond at one of 
the ball games last summer, their inroads are not of frequent occurrence, 
and being easily driven off, the games are very little delayed. 

We do not appreciate the strength of our sentiment for 69 A X until 
some sudden chance discloses it to us. I had been out here two weeks 


in the fall of '88, had received no letter from any one and was conse- 
qnently somewhat cerulean when one of my little boy gymnasts brought 
me a card with * 'Compliments of A. Bushnell, & A X, Hamilton College, 
'71," on it. Why, I just sat stupefied and read and re-read those sym- 
bols. I never knew those few lines could mean so much. 

There are nine of us here in the city now (with O. T. Eastman, Mu 
Deuteron, '86), mostly Hamilton boys. 

Brother A. R. U. Heard pounced in on me Feb. ist for a three hours 
visit. He was on his way to Boston. 

Brother Humphrey, I hear, is out in the wilds of Kansas. May we 
hear from him. 

Of my own work I need only say that it is what its name implies — 
physical. Our gymnasium is one of the largest and finest equipped in 
the West, and well patronized withal. I have sixteen classes a week in 
it. including two ladies' and girls' classes numbering 130 members* You 
may judge that all these classes keep me moderately busy, but I am in- 
terested in this kind of work, and as a stepping-stone to something higher, 
enjoy it. Yours in the bonds, 

Kansas City. Palx C. Philwps. 

SOMONANK, 111., Feb. 24, '90. 
Dear Brother: Am proud of the Shiei*d, and as one of the enthusiastic 
supporters of Vol. I, and one of its associate editors, I am more than 
pleased with its success. I^ong live the Shield, the organ of Theta Delta 
Chi. I congratulate you on its present appearance. Count on me for 
all the support my time and financial condition will warrant. 

Yours in the bonds, J. P. Houston. 

Utica, N. Y., Jan. 11, 1890. 
My Dear Bro,: The Shiei*d is in every way a credit to its editor and 
publisher. It ought to be appreciated by the boys, which reminds me 
that I have not remitted for last Vol. I send I2.50 for last Vol, and the 
next one to come. You may well be proud of your work and Theta 
Delta Chi more than satisfied with her quarterly. 

Yours affectionately, J. H. Cunningham. 

Providence, R. I., Dec. 31, '89. 
Dear Bro.: I am much impressed with the Shiei^d. In typography 
it is first-class, and in its general fund of information it is invaluable. It 
should be in the hands of every graduate member. 

I sincerely hope that one result of your noble efforts will be the re- 
establishment of defunct charges. We surely ought to be represented in 
every first class college in the country. Yours fraternally, 

V. O. Taylor, Tufts, '68. 


Woi^i^STON, Mass., Jan. 7, 1890. 
Dear Brother: The December Shibi^d is just at hand. I feel a sinful 
amount of pride in the splendid issue. I am ready to compare it with 
any fraternity publication in the land. I joyfully enclose my subscrip- 
tion to Vol. 6, and wish you the magnificent success your noble work 
deserves. Fraternally, 

LuTHBR Frbbman, Lambda, '89. 

In the last number, an error was made in J. F. Newman's ad. "Grad- 
uate Watch Chain should have read Charm.** This charm consists of a 
double-faced badge, shaped exactly like the pin, with a pendant ring for 
attaching to the watch guard. It was adopted by the last convention as 
a graduate badge, and certainly is very appropriate. It has been placed 
in the hands of Mr. J. F. Newman, who is headquarters for all kinds of 
Theta Delt jewelry. He will supply it to all who apply. 

Syracuse, Jan. 7, 1890. 

Dear Brother: Enclosed find I2.50 for my subscription to the Shield 
for the volume just closed, also the next one. I am very much pleased 
with the great improvement in the Shield, and heartily wish for your 
success in the line of action you have taken up. 

What we alumni want, as you say, is news of the boys and the work 
and successes of our beloved fraternity — not literary work. You have 
my sincere congratulations for the work of the past year and best wishes 
for that of the next. Yours fraternally, 

Irving N. Gere, Psi, '84. 

Little Falls, N. Y., Jan. 3, '90. 
Dear Bro.: I understand you are publishing "The Shield," and I 
also hear it highly spoken of. Please send me the December number 
containing the convention reports. I feel it my duty to take the publica- 
tion and wish to keep up in fraternity matters. You may enter my name 
as a regular subscriber. Yours in the bonds, 

S. A. Watson, Hobart, '85. 

Vernon O. Taylor, Kappa, *68, is now located in Providence as spe- 
cial agent for "The Winner Investment Co.," of Kansas City, Mo., one 
of the largest institutions in the west. It does a large amount of busi - 
ness and pays a good rate of interest on investments. Bro. Taylor sa^'s 
the institution is sound, and as his word is good and has always passed 
at par during the twenty-five years of our acquaintance, no hesitation is 
felt in recommending Theta Delts desirous of investing money to give 
him a chance. See his business card. 

(pur SieRoRgeig. 

[All Fraternity magazines are requested to exchange with Thk Shibi^d. 
Two copies should be sent to Mr. Clay W. Holmes, Editor Shiki«d, 
Elmira, N. Y. In return two copies 'of Thk Shiei*d will be sent wherever 
directed. — Ed.] 

The Shield acknowledges with many thanks the receipt of 
the Amherst Olio for 1891 — the first college annual of the 
current year received. As it cannot be described by com- 
parison, it must be taken on its merits, of which it has many. 
The general get up of the book is fine, and does credit to the 
printers. The sketches are those of master hands and de- 
cidedly expressive, the portraits excellent. The fraternity 
records with their elegant steel plate cuts make a splendid ap- 
pearance. The editorial work exhibits much care and thought, 
to say nothing of the wit and humor which crops out all 
around — sl book of which Amherst may well be proud. Among 
the editors we notice the name of Bro. Nathan P. Aver>'. 

The Sigma Chi Quarterly, for November, contains much 
matter of interest. It has as its leader a well written article 
on, ** What Alumni Owe Their Alma Mater,'* other articles 
and several poems. While they make up a good literary, they 
are not what we should consider soul inspiring to old graduates. 
They would rather read something which bristled all over 
with fraternity. The Greek press receives full comment. No 
criticisms are made, and many kind things are said. The 
February number is not behind its predecessor in interest. A 
good number for a lawyer to read. The Greek press receives 
liberal attention marked with kindly good feeling. The critic 
leads off with a page article on the Shiei^d. We clip: 

" At the birth of each new era, with a recog^niziug start, 
Nation wildly looks at nation standing with mute lips apart." 

Theae lines have been gratuitously furnished by Mr. Lowell, to illus- 


trate the atlitiide of the Greek press at the changed design on the famous 
cover of the TheU Delu Chi Shield. Long ^nd persistent have been 
our lepndiatioos' of the ••Woman of the Bath." But the influenza 
touched her, and she slept. It is an iU wind that blows nodody good. 
The reason of this felicitous demise is, that the Shield's editorial and 
typographical management have been transferred firom New York city 
to Elmira, where they have been entrusted to the editorship of a practi- 
cal printer.    The alumni peisonals are numerous and full, and 
constitute the strongest feature of tl^p magazine. Besides showing saga- 
city in devoting much space to the alumni, this printer-editor shows it 
also in calling attention to the advertisements in the SHIELD, saying a 
good word for every advertiser in particular. 

*• Otir friend Lowell *' has also said: 

'* Nature fits all her children with something to do, 
He who would write and can't write, can surely review. " 

We now give 3'ou another chance to do the obituary 
act on ** the seed catalogue cover." Wf propose 
to keep on till we get our gnn properly sighted, 
so that it will hit the mark every time, and then we 
shall stick. The first plate was an emergency. Anything 
for a change. It could not be worse. We further note that 
we are running the Shield for business. The aim of every 
journal should be to give that which will be of interest to the 
graduates. Pretty talk and a handsome cover don't pay bills. 
We venture the assertion that the Shield will keep her btisi- 
ness end up with any other publication of its kind. We shall 
put in ads. and will not forget our advertisers by any means. 

The ** Echo of the Seneca,*' published by the junior class 
of Hobart College for 1890, is at hand. We are indebted to 
Bro. Chas. C. Hoff, and thank him for kindly remembering the 
ShieItD. The Echo is a neat volume containing the usual 
fraternity and college records. It is embellished with a num- 
ber of appropriate sketches and gives good views of the col- 
lege buildings. Several poems and a well written poetic proph- 
ecy are characteristics of the volume. We note as a feature of 
the volume that in the catalogue of classes and various organ- 
izations every man's fraternity is indicated by placing the 
Greek characters directly after his name. This renders it easy 


for graduates to recognize their own men in reading the book. 
It is a feature which should be introduced into all college an- 

If you want an encyclopedia, don't fail to buy the best in the market. 
Johnson's is acknowledged by all to be far superior to any other. A 
Theta Delt will be aided by your patronage. Don't forget Bro. Nichols. 

The Alpha Tau Omega Palm for January, is full of informa- 
tion for her fraternity, discussions and chapter letters being the 
prominent features save one — ^Pan Hellenism, which receives 
much attention. We are sorry we cannot agree with our 
brother editor, but an examination of his chapter correspond- 
ence proves that A T£l is divided against itself. Look well to 
your text, ** United we stand, divided we fall," may be the 
epitaph which will be recorded on your tombstone, unless you 
press more lightly on the dynamite cartridge which you are 
nursing. While it is clearly evident that the best of motives 
prompts this discussion, it can only end in smojce or total ruin, 
if persisted in. 

The February number of the Sibyl is of usual size and con- 
tains much of interest. The editorial work is of a high order. 
The only department which seems to be lacking is the graduate 
personals. The alumni seek eagerly any news of the friends 
and companions of their college days, and no amount of liter- 
ary matter of the highest order of merit will awaken the in- 
terest and enthusiam of a twenty year graduate half so quickly 
as a two line item of an old chum. Among the articles of in- 
terest in this number, '*The Adventures of a would-be Poet,'* 
by the editor-in-chief deserves special mention. As we read 
of the expansive imagination of the would-be poet, which 
struggled for crystallization, as portrayed therein by this able 
writer, we rejoice that poetry was entirely neglected in our 

See Bro. Patchen's ad. of Typewriter Ribbons. They are splendid 
ribbons, and all good Theta Delts will use them. 


The Delta Kappa Epsilon Quarterly reserves all rights on 
her cover, and fearing that some one may steal her thunder 
does the copyright act. The editor should read exchange 
comments on the old Shield cover. The J KE makes a 
first-class second. While the design is no doubt eminently 
appropriate and representative, the general eflFect is sombre, at 
least to the uninitiated. We would not speak of it, but we 
have been so thoroughly * * razzle-dazzled, ' ' we cannot contain 
ourselves without passing it along. Don*t relieve yourself by 
trying tit for tat, but just let your eye rest on the B & IT 
Dragon. It is little, but Oh! My. There is much to interest 
Deke's in the January number, convention reports and ad- 
dresses, chapter letters and a few graduate personals, but little 
for outsiders. This is as it should be. We would suggest 
that if the editor were to follow our plan of writing up a few 
of the prominent graduates for each number, it would add a 
savor to the otherwise excellent journal, which would enable 
it to issue more than three numbers in a year. We could give 
you an excellent subject for a beginning. One of Elmira's 
most noted divines, who has been the writer's much-loved pas- 
tor for thirteen years, is as worthy a representative as J K E 
need ask for, or any other fraternity, either. 

The Delta Upsilon Quarterly opens vol. 8, with a Christmas 
number. It contains convention notes, extended Greek notes, 
and more graduate personal items than any other journal 
which we receive. It is newsy and neat, and wears the ap- 
pearance of a successful career. The long experience of 
Editor Crossett makes it easy for him to produce a * * multum 
in parvo'* journal. Its 72 pages contain more matter in con- 
densed form than may be found in any other two. 

The Chi Phi Quarterly for January, shows up with a new 
cover designed by a lady artist. It is neat and appropriate. 
Some might pronounce it esthetic, but it is not gaudy. We 
rather like it, chiefly because it is clearly original. The num- 
ber is full of interesting articles, and all others are over- 


shadowed by* the ably prepared and very extensive obituary 
notice of the Hon. Henry W. Grady, which is accompanied 
with frontispiece plate. It seems eminently appropriate for 
fraternity jonrilals to become the final record of the valiant 
deeds and great achievements of the noble men who have 
helped to establish the standing of a brotherhood. Verily, 
their works do remain. 

The Delta Tau Delta Rainbow, under its new editorial man- 
agement, keeps up its recognized standard. The October 
number contains a number of historical articles which are val- 
uable d^ A T A records. In this she is fulfilling the best mis- 
sion of a fraternity periodical. The January number treats 
of ** The Fraternity in College Politics.'' The chapter letters 
are numerous, but there seems to be no attention given to 
graduate personals. 

Thb Elmira Water Cure » one of the best places in the country for the 
'* rest-seeking" worker. Located on a beautiful hill side, facing one of 
the finest views in the State, and with a natural glen on the property, it 
combines all the natural beauties which give the visitor the pleasure of 
natural scenery, and a delightful home life. No better summer resort in 
the country. The editor spends many happy hours there and assures any 
brother that if he would spend a few weeks there with his family — sick 
or well — ^a second visit would be sure to follow. 

From lack of time we are obliged to leave a few of our 
visitors without any notice in this number. Phi Kappa Psi, 
Beta Theta Pi, and Kappa Sigma, have been received. We 
note the absence of Alpha Phi. We trust an oversight has 
occurred, the correction of which will bring this spicy journal 
to our exchange table. 

BrandrBTH's Pills and AUcock's Porous Plasters only need A X 
stamped upon them to make them perfect. Don't forget Bro. Ralph 
Brandreth when yon have a lame back or a pain in your stomach. 

The Green Bag, in its February issue, publishes an interest- 
ing article from the pen of Bro. Jacob Spahn, Rochester, N.Y., 
entitled "Kemmler's Case and the Death Penalty.'* 


College and School^ a new visitor to our exchange table, was 
recently established at Utica, N. Y. It is edited by F. G. 
Barry, Clinton SchoUard, William H. Hayne and M. B. 
Hedges. Typographically neat and full of general news relat- 
ing to colleges and schools, it will doubtless be an interesting 
journal in the educational world. Its editorials on topics of 
the day are vigorous and timely. The department of college 
news is full and well kept up. 

It has been said that it was impossible to obtain a good fountain pen. 
For one the writer has quite believed it, having tried numerous so-called 
** best fountain pens,** but never with gratifying results. A Wirt pen 
now graces our editorial table. It works to a charm. It has never yet 
failed to do its duty on first call. It will be a perfect success if it holds 
out. I can see no reason why it should not, as it has been submitted to 
very severe tests. We feel justified in stating our belief that the Wirt 
pen is the best. 

The December Arrow of Pi Beta Phi sorosis, does great 
credit to the fraternity. A well-written contributed article, 
entitled '*A Woman at the College de France, at Paris;'* an 
open letter, by the presiding grand officer; short, spicy edi- 
torials; and a full complement of exceedingly interesting chap- 
ter letters, highly creditable to the correspondents who penned 
them, make up a rich number. I^ittle attention is paid to the 
Greek world or exchanges. A respectable number of graduate 
personals completes the number. We welcome the Arrow to 
our table, and are pleased to quote from its pages. 

REMEMBER that a Theta Delt is Vice-President of the United States 
Mutual Accident Insurance Association, which is a sufficient guarantee 
of its standing. The editor has carried a policy in it for many years. It 
is one of the cheapest and best accident associations in the country. 

The Kappa Alpha Theta Journal is a welcome addition to 
our exchange table. The January number is the first under a 
new corps of editors from Upsilon chapter, located at Minne- 
apolis. The burdensome apology of the opening editorial indi- 
cates a becoming modesty, but the Journal itself is one which 


old hands at the business might well be proud of. Cheer up, 
Sister Kemp. We congratulate you on your first journalistic 
effort. ^h& Journal throughout is in excellent taste. The 
chapter letters are brief and well written, edited to the queen's 
taste, and the leading articles are full of good common sense. 
The cover is unique and very characteristic. All in all, the 
Kappa Alpha Theta/<7wrwa/ is a graceful, well-arranged and 
creditable publication. 

The Key for December is a credit to its editorial board. 
**The Possibilities of Fraternity Journalism, ' ' its leading arti- 
cle, has much of truth in it. No fraternity journal will be an 
immense success which aims wholly or in part to the literary. 
The woods are full of literary magazines. The only thing 
which will give lon^ life to the Greek press is news — fraternity 
news, personal items about graduates, their successes and 
failures, the doings of the fraternity. Two contributed arti- 
cles, ** Woman in Journalism'* and * Woman in Medicine," are 
all that could be desired for a good literary magazine. The 
chapter letters bubble over with fraternity and redeem the 
number from the otherwise * ^magazine effect. ' ' More of fra- 
ternity will increase your subscription list. 

The Delta Gamma Anchora for February contains much 
that is of interest. Several of the chapter editors have writ- 
ten a **chapter opinion" on fraternity extension, and the opin- 
ions advanced bespeak careful thought and a high standard 
of excellence for Delta Gamma. The chapter letters are short 
and newsj^ ; the editorials more extended than usual, and full 
of sound sense. The policy adopted by the Anchora of an- 
nouncing a subject for discussion in its next number, and call- 
ing upon chapters to write on this special subject produces 
much readable matter and relieves the editors. The subject 
for next number is, **How shall we make our College course 
count most?" While the consideration of such subjects is of 
intellectual value to undergraduates, the lack of interesting 
personals explains the necessity of the editorial appeal to 
graduates. No fraternity journal can afford to neglect the 


**personals*' or fraternity gossip unless undergraduate support 
will maintain it financially. While Anchora is a valuable ad- 
dition to our table, it seems to contain less of fraternity news 
**per se" than any of the other journals. 

The Phi Delta Theta Scroll issues its December number un- 
der new management, and changes its location firom New York 
to Columbus, Ohio. We have enjoyed reading this first num- 
ber, as we know just how it is ourselves. 

We desire to compliment Editor Brown on the neat appear- 
ance of his first attempt. The matter is good and well ar- 
ranged. The chapter letters are brief and sensible. We notice 
the following in one from Virginia, which is the sentiment of 
the chapter : *'Run ^ J on her merits as a fraternity, but 
never at the expense of a rival.*' This is truly a spirit worthy 
of emulation, but lost sight of by many fraternities. The 
February number contains extended editorials, which are the 
principal feature of the number. Those with numerous chap- 
ter letters fill up the number. Greek news and personals occupy 
a very limited space. 

The January Quarterly of Phi Gamma Delta, opening up 
the twelfth volume, is of usual size and full of good matter. 
Its leading articles all pertain to the fraternity, as they should. 
Two pages are devoted to comments, showing the Quarterly as 
others see it. There is no reason why we should not blow our 
own horns. If we do not, no one else will. Considerable at- 
tention is devoted to exchanges, and many excellent comments 
are given, lacking entirely any appearance of unkind criticism. 
This department is of more interest, probably, to the editors 
than others. We are sorry time prevented an expression of 
opinion on the Shiei<d ; we like to see ourselves as others see 
us. For the mistake in properly crediting extract from * *The 
Genius of Fraternity," in our October number, we crave par- 
don. Those things will happen. We discover a similar but 
worse mistake on the part of another recent quarterly in cred- 
iting us. 

ffrerte^rRitjj ^0gglp, 

Sigma Alpha Bpsilon has entered the University of Cincin- 

Zeta Psi. which last year entered Yale as a Junior Society, 
is about to erect a chapter house. 

Zeta Psi has a chapter in the Case Scientific School of West- 
em Reserve University at Cleveland, O. 

Beta Theta Pi is negotiating for the absorption of Z ^, a 
local society, at the University of Missouri. 

Kappa Alpha was founded at Union College, in 1825; has 4 
chapters; the last established at Cornell, in 1868. 

Chi Phi was founded in 1854, at Franklin-Marshall College; 
has 22 chapters; the last established in 1884 at Harvard. 

Phi Delta Theta was founded in 1848, at Miami University; 
67 chapters; last established at Brown University, in 1889, 

Sigma Phi was founded at Union College in 1827; has 7 
chapters; the last established at Lehigh University, in 1887. 

Phi Kappa Psi was founded at Jefferson College, in 1852; 
has 34 chapters; the last established at Swarthmore College, in 

Psi Upsilon was founded in 1833, ^^ Union College, now 
has 19 chapters; last one established in 1884, at Lehigh Uni- 

Delta Kappa Bpsilon was founded in 1844, at Yale, now 
has 30 chapters; last one established in 1885, at University of 

Out of nine members drawn from the class of '90 at Am- 
herst for ^ B K, & J X gets two, Brothers F. A. Ballou and 
H. K. Whitaker. 

The Mystic Seven fraternity, later known as the 6Ay hav- 
ing chapters at the universities of Virginia and North Carolina, 


has been absorbed by B O 11, thus placing her long-struggling 
Virginia chapter on good footing, and reviving her defunct 
chapter at Chapel Hill. The North Carolina chapter was es- 
tablished in 1885. The Virginia chapter had existed as a local 
since the Wesley an chapter went into J KE in 1867. 

According to the statistical table of ^ T J for 1888-9 the 
Indiana University chapter (established a little over a year 
ago), enrolled the largest membership for the year, 21 mem- 
bers, The Kenyon chapter, with 3, was the smallest. Her 
total membership for the year was 447. 

Amherst College has nine fraternities, and their membership 
for the present year is made up as follows : ^ J <P, 36; 

yr, 33; JKE, 34; J r, 34; -V F, 22; X 0, 33; Bsn, 28; 

^ J A', 33; ^ J 0, 27 — total, 280, The total number of stu- 
dents is 344, leaving 64 neutrals. 

Phi Beta Kappa at her last convention must have paid con- 
siderable attention to the west, or the west to her, as besides 
charters for Kansas and Northwestern, it is now stated that 
De Pauw University was chartered and a chapter will shortly 
be organized there. 

The Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly has three salaried editors. 
We believe this is the only journal which pays any of its edi- 
tors anything. I/>ve seems to be the inspiring force which 
produces most of the Greek journals of the present day. 

From correspondence in different Richmond College chapter 
reports, we learn that a member of ^ F ^ at that institution 
is endeavoring to band together a body of students to make 
application for 2.0 T A charter. 

By the burning of the Breyfogle block in Columbus, Ohio, 
last summer, the State University Chapter of -V lost hall, 
furniture, charter and paraphernalia. The chapter records 
fortunately were not destroyed. 

Phi Kappa Sigma has again revived at Northwestern Uni- 
versity, and will join with JS X, K W and B Q 11 in the 
Pan-Hellenic banquet. A Q again declines to join be- 
cause ^ i" is excluded. 


Chi Psi was founded in 1842, at Williams College; has 17 
chapters; the last established in 1884, at Rochester Uni- 

Beta Theta Pi was founded in 1839, at Miami University; 
has 54 chapters; last established in 1889, at Dartmouth and 
S>Tacuse University. 

Delta Upsilon was founded at Williams College, in 1834; 
now has 24 chapters; the last one established in 1887, at 
De Pauw University. 

Alpha Delta Phi was founded in 1832, at Hamilton College. 
It now has 19 chapters, the last one being established in 1889, 
at Johns Hopkins University. 

Thosb who engage in athletic sports are sure to receive bruises. One 
of the simplest remedies for all manner of sprains and bruises is Pond's 
Extract. Keep it always in your room. 

The Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly says hereafter the frater- 
nity will limit new chapters to institutions of the very highest 
rank, but will be on the alert to revive defunct chapters as far 
as possible. 

At the Convention of J K E at Boston, in October, two 
graduates of the old Miami chapter were present and secured 
the successful issue of a petition from seven students to revdve 
the chapter. The chapter was installed the Thursday before 
Christmas by the aid of six or seven \'isiting members. All 
save one of the initiates are old students in the University. 
This makes active three of the five chapters which were in ex- 
istence when the college closed in 1873. A J and J Tare 
the ones then existing and now not revived. 

The second annual banquet of the Genesee chapter of Alpha 
Delta Phi (graduate) was held at the chapter house in Roch- 
ester, Friday evening, February 7th. Nearly a hundred mem- 
bers were present. Edward L. Adams, editor of the Elmira 
Advertiser, acted as toastmaster. Many excellent speeches 
were made and a very interesting paper on "General and 
Technical Education*' was presented by W. J. Milne, Ph. D., 
Principal of the Albany Normal School. A movement was 
started which will probably result in the erection of a new and 


commodious chapter house for the active chapter of the fra- 
ternity in the University of Rochester. 

Alpha Delta Phi and Beta Theta Pi have entered chapter 
houses at Johns Hopkins' University. 

Kappa Alpha Theta has adopted black and gold as shown in 
the pansy blossom for their fraternity colors. 

The seven men who founded the Amherst chapter of the 
Delta Upsilon on July 29, 1847, are all living. 

Zeta Psi has moved into a recently purchased house at Rut- 
gers, and is also erecting a chapter house at Yale. 

Beta Theta Pi has recently established chapters at the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, and Pennsylvania State College. 

The charter of the parent chapter of Delta Gamma at Ox- 
ford Institute, Oxford, Miss., has been revoked. — ^ F A 

The Grand Arch Council of Phi Kappa Psi will hold its next 
meeting in April, under the auspices of the Chicago Alumni 

Delta Tan Delta has recently established chapters at Boston 
University, Tufts College, the Mass. Institute of Technology 
and Fulton University. — K A O JoumaL 

Phi Beta Kappa has granted a charter to the new chapter at 
De Pauw University, and Phi Kappa Psi has secured the resi- 
dence of the former president for a chapter house. 

Delta Tau Delta, last year chartered chapters at Boston Uni- 
versity, Tufts College, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
and Tulane University, and revived at Lehigh and Virginia. 

Thk Pinar Del Rio Cigar is the best all-around smoker the editor ever 
saw. He has smoked the cigar for years, and therefore speaks with full 
knowledge. Boys try it. You will never find a cigar for the money 
which will equal it. 

Psi Upsilon, Delta Kappa Epsilon and Delta Psi are said to 
be making efforts towards planting chapters in the University 
of Melbourne, Australia. One thousand four hundred students 
are enrolled there. 


Sigma Phi is moving toward the establishing of a chapter at 

A Phi Kappa Psi Alumni Association has been recently or- 
ganized in Pittsburg. 

The chapter house of Sig^a Chi at the University of Michi- 
gan is to be remodelled. 

Delta Tau Delta will hereafter hold biennial conventions in- 
stead of annual ones as heretofore. 

Phi Gamma Delta has recently secured a commodious chap- 
ter house at Lehigh University. 

Psi Upsilon has an average chapter membership of 27.3, 
Delta Kappa Epsilon of 25, and Delta Upsilon of 22. 

Nearly three-fourths of the whole house of bishops of the 
Protestant Episcopal church in the United States are members 
of the Theta Delta Chi fraternity. 

The Yale chapter of Zeta Psi, established last spring, is 
building a chapter house. The Rutger's chapter has purchased 
a house which it will remodel for chapter house purposes. 

The editor has two policies of |5,ooo each in the Phoenix Mutual Life, 
and is much pleased with them. There is no better life insurance, either 
as straight life or endowment. The latter under threefold combination 
being peculiarly desirable. 

A Pan Hellenic Club of over one hundred members has been 
organized at Birmingham, Ala., and the fraternity men of 
Omaha, Neb. , are said to be taking steps in the same direc- 

Delta Phi has absorbed Iota Kappa Alpha at Trinity, but 
strong protests are being heard from the alumni of the latter 
society, which has long occupied a commanding position among 
New England societies. 

Sigma Chi has located her recently established chapters as 
far apart as is possible, her Alpha Tau chapter being at the 
University of North Carolina, and Alpha Upsilon at the Uni- 
versity of Southern California. 

The Beta Theta Pi chapter, which was started sub rosa last 
spring, at Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., has at 


last blossomed out. The membership is about fifteen, and 
there are left less than twenty neutrals in the whole college. — 
D. U, Quarterly. 

The annual convention of Psi Upsilon will be held at Pro\'i- 
dence, R. I., May i and 2, 1890. The literary exercises will 
be held in the evening of the first day, followed by the usual 
ball. The dinner will take place the evening of the 2d, at the 
Narragansett hotel. 

The' chapter of Phi Delta Theta which h^ heretofore ex- 
isted at the University of Minnesota is no more, and now Delta 
Kappa Epsilon makes her bow there with nineteen charter 
members ; in other words she has lifted the Phi Delta Theta 
chapter. — A' A S Journal. 

Q N E has been condemned by the faculty of Syracuse University, and 
members of the organization are debarred from all college honors — ^ F A 

We are glad to hear it, and wish every college would take 
the same action. It should not be allowable for a member of 
any fraternity to join © N E. It is a fire-brand which will 
yet make sad havoc in the Greek world. 

The new plan of bearing the expenses of our convention is 
an admirable one. All chapters are obliged to send at least 
one delegate, and the traveling expenses and those of the con- 
vention are to be shared equally by the chapters. This does 
away with the absence of delegates on account of being so far 
away that they do not feel as though they could afibrd to send 
a delegate so far. — Kappa Alpha Theta. 

Kappa Alpha Theta glories in a chapter house, which is 
owned by the Lambda charge at the University of Vermont, 
at Burlington. This is the only chapter house in the state of 
Vermont, and the first and only ladies' chapter house in 
America — so says the KA Q Joumal^2Ln6. we have no reason to 
doubt the statement. Why should the girls not have all the 
good things. The Shiei^d sends fraternal greetings to the 
pioneer chapter house, and congratulates the Lambda girls on 
their success. 


Alpha Tau Omega has established a chapter at Albion col- 
lege, Michigan. 

Pi Beta Phi has established a chapter at Ohio University, 
with 7 members. 

The harvest of initiates in all the fraternities seems to be up 
to the usual average. 

Alpha Delta Phi is to build a new chapter house at Amherst, 
to cost about $40,000.00. 

The Sigma Chi catalogue is now in press, and will soon be 
delivered to the fraternity. 

The Epsilon alumni chapter of Sigma Chi has recently been 
chartered in the city of Washington. 

Kappa Sigma organized her Alpha Zeta chapter on Januar>' 
3d at the College of William and Mary. 

A non-secret ladies* society, entitled Kappa Kappa Kappa, 
has been founded at Boston University. — Anchor. 

The Pi charge K A 9 at Albion College gave a Tea in their 
hall, at which their gentlemen friends were guests. 

Several fraternities at the University of Georgia have taken 
in men who do not intend to go to college. — The Key. 

The Alpha Zeta is a new fraternity founded at Cornell. 
None but Americans speaking either Spanish or Portugese can 

Phi Gamma Delta has established chapters at Sheffield Sci- 
entific School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. — 

Three fraternity journals are now published at the University 
of Minnesota, viz.: The d T A Rainbow, the J F Anchor a and 
the KA Journal. 

Miami University at present has but two fraternities, B Q II 
and J ©. It is rumored that ^ K E is making an effort to 
re-establish her defunct chapter. 

The Amherst chapter of Chi Psi held their twenty-fifth an- 
niversary reception on the evening of March 7th, at their lodge 
room. There was a large attendance. 


Zeta Psi claims to still hold her chapter at Princeton. It 
cannot be very strong. 

Phi Gamma Delta is at work on a new catalogue, which 
will soon be published. 

President Andrews, of Brown University, is a member of 
the Brown chapter J T. 

Alpha Tau Omega has recently established a chapter at 
Cumberland University. 

Dr. Dodge, the late President of Madison University, was a 
member of Alpha Delta Phi. 

Chi Psi has during the past year lost its Rochester chapter, 
organized in 1884. — The Rainbow, 

The De Pauw chapter oi ^ K W has taken possession of a 
new chapter house. — ^ F J Quar/erfy, 

Ex-President Porter of Yale succeeds the late ex-President 
Woolsey as President of Phi Beta Kappa. 

The semi-centennial of the Alpha chapter of B H 11 was 
celebrated at Miami University last June. 

Sigma Alpha Epsilon is said to have given up the fight at 
Erskine College and disbanded. — The Rainbow. 

The Sigma Chi Quarterly issues a strictly private monthly 
bulletin, which is sent under seal to members only. 

Hobart College has four fraternities, with a total membership 
of 51, made up as follows : X <P 14, K A 1^, S ^ X ^, ^ K W 


Kappa Sigma and Delta Theta Psi have within the last 
month established a chapter at the College of William and 

A chapter of J. X. E. has been established at Vanderbilt 
University, making the eighth fraternity which has secured a 
footing there. 

Total membership of Sigma Chi for 1889 was 427. Of these, 
265 were expected to return to College at the fall session. — 
The Scroll, 

This must be intended to mean the active membership. — ^Ed. 


Kappa Alpha Theta, at her late convention, changed her 
signs, pass-words and grip and adopted a new ritual. 

Only two numbers of the last volume of The Rainbow were 
issued. The last two failed to materialize. The first number 
of Volume XIII appears on time. 

It is rumored that Rutgers College authorities will require 
all students to room in the new dormitory now building. 
What will become of the chapter houses ? 

Delta Upsilon chapter at Syracuse University gave the Chi 
chapter of Kappa Alpha Theta (Sorosis) an informal reception 
Nov. 7th, in the parlors of their chapter house. 

No '*prep.*' nor professor can be hereafter initiated in ^ J ^, 
by resolution of their last convention. Japs and colored friends 
are still eligible for membership. — K A Journal, 

Hon. J. Sloat Fassett, President of the New York State 
Senate, and the leading spirit of Republican State politics, is a 
graduate of Rochester University and an A A 0. 

At the 14th semi-annual field day of the Athletic Association 
of Hobart College, held Oct. 18, 1889, C. C. Hoff, G J X, '90, 
won seven prizes, the largest number captured by one person. 

There are five sisterhoods at the Northwestern University: — 
Alpha Phi, Delta Gamma, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Kappa 
Alpha Theta. and Gamma Phi Beta. This record takes the 

Three chapters were organized at the Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology last year, J W, ^ F J and J T J, making 
a total of five chapters there. Theta Delta Chi opens the ball 
this year with her 8^. 

Sig^a Nu has issued a new catalogue compiled by Grant 
W. Harrington, of Lawrence, Kansas. Our exchanges speak 
very highly of it, but the Shield has not seen a copy and 
must therefore refrain from joining the chorus. 

Beta Theta Pi has adopted the rose as the fraternity flower, 
leaving the variety to the option of the chapters. — The Arrozv, 
There is no accounting for tastes. A hideous dragon to guard 
their portals and a beautiful rose on their bosoms. 



'*We heartily agree with the editorial which objects to 
* verbose accounts of each particular billy-goat.' The Greek 
journals have had quite enough of minute descriptions of his 
lordship's actions. Requiescat in pace Billy.** — Editorial in 
2 X Quarterly, So say we all of us. 

Wellesley College has revived her two Greek-letter societies, 
ZA and * ^, which had become extinct by faculty edict. 
They have fitted up a club room in common. Their objects 
are social and intellectual development, but the intellectual 
seems to be the basis for selection to membership. 


Inscribed to James Mcl«achlan. Psi, '78, Pasadena, Cal., by I^ewis Halsey, X^ '68. 

Air, America. 

Hail. Theta DelU Chi! 
Raise now the chorus high. 

Her praise prolong. 
Long have we loved her name, 
Lived to extend her fame, 
Ever her sons the same, 

We shout our song. 

God bless our brotherhood, 
Grant us the great, — the good— 

To wear our shield! 
May hope and pupose high 
Point as our arrows fly, 
Where, in our starr>' sky. 

Light is revealed! 

As now we give the grip, 
With smile upon the lip. 

May doubts depart; 
In concord may we meet, 
Gladly each brother greet. 
In union strong and sweet. 

Be one in heart! 

May Theta's banner fly 
Forever proud and high. 

Throughout our land! 
Then, brothers, bra\>e and true. 
Cheer for Black, White and Blue, 
As we our vows renew. 

Hand clasped in hand! 

©©rieg e fl0\es. 

The University of Minnesota has 910 students enrolled this 

Columbia College will put a base ball nine in the field this 

A triangular base ball league has been formed between Am- 
herst, Dartmouth and Williams. 

The Juniors at Amherst are preparing a song book. The 
class voted $250 for its publication. 

Ohio State University has a larger number of students this 
year than ever before. 

The twenty-sixth annual dinner of the Dartmouth College 
Association of New York city was held at Delmonico's, Jan- 
uary 24. 

The College of William and Mary has more students this 
year than ever before- in her entire history. 

Hamilton College, which will soon celebrate its centennial, 
has had 2,605 alumni, of whom 1,954 are living. — Mail and 

The last catalogue of Syracuse University shows a total of 
648 students. The course in civil engineering has been dis- 

At the annual meeting of the trustees of Dickinson College, 
in Philadelphia, January 9th, it was decided to re-establish the 
Reed Law School. 

An inter-collegiate base ball league may be formed this year, 
comprising Cornell, Brown, Columbia, Lafayette and Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 


The university boat race between Oxford and Cambridge 
will be rowed April i . English papers think the Oxford eight 
is the stronger and will win the race this year. 

Columbia College men won a prize banner for fine marching 
in the Washington Centennial parade. The prize was pre- 
sented to them by Gen, Daniel Butterfield, January i8th. 

The annual dinner of the New York alumni of Trinity Col- 
lege took place at Delmonico's, February lo. Dr. Geo. Wil- 
liamson Smith, the president of Trinity College, is a ^ J X. 

The Yale navy has just purchased a new pair-oared paper 
shell. It is built on one of Waters* new models and is much 
steadier than the wooden shell hitherto used. — Mail and Ex- 

The law school established at the College of William and 
Mary, was the first in America, and after that of Blackstone 
in England, the first in the English speaking world. — Mail and 

Lehigh University has 418 students. A new course in ar- 
chitecture is introduced, and elective studies appear for the 
first time in this year's catalogue. Four thousand volumes 
were added to the library last fall. 

A reception was tendered to President Reed, of Dickinson 
College, January 9th, by the alumni of the college residing in 
Philadelphia. The reception took place at Hotel Bellevue and 
many distinguished guests were present. 

A movement is on foot at Princeton to resurrect the Tiger, 
The effort was made two years ago and all the faculty except 
one favored it. This one man prevented. The prospect is that 
the strong efforts of the undergraduates will this time be 
crowned with success. The paper will be run on a reform 


Steam heat is being introduced throughout every building 
connected with Dickinson College. Electric lights illuminate 
the college grounds at night, and nothing is left undone which 
tends to promote the comfort of the students. 

The College of Montana, at Deer Lodge, is the only college 
in this state, established in 1884. It now has 150 students. 
There are three large and neat college buildings and a debt of 
$25,000. The trustees are striving to lift this debt and secure 
a permanent endowment. 

George Kennan is a most acceptable lecturer before college 
students, as is Miss Amelia B. Edwards, both of whom have 
had numerous engagements in college towns this winter. — 
Af ail and Express. Both have lectured this winter in Elmira 
before the Elmira College (female) and gave intense satisfac- 

The Association of Iowa College Faculties has issued the 
following edict: 

That all conventions, oratorical, fraternity, Y. M. C. A., 
etc., shall be conducted during vacation. 

That no student shall be excused during the session to at- 
tend any convention or assembly. 

That any one failing to comply with the above is liable to 
suspension or expulsion. — The Arrow. 

Princeton has 768 students. Its college property amounts 
to J4, 000, 000. The college and society libraries contain 140,- 
200 volumes. What a field for fraternities. And what an 
unreasonable faculty. Many who would otherwise be directed 
to Princeton are now guided to other colleges by the fraternity 
influence of alumni — a power which no institution in the land 
can overcome. Fraternity alumni are doing more for colleges 
than the colleges ever did for fraternities. It is a mistaken 
antagonism, as any fraternity alumnus will testify. If Prince- 
ton would open her gates to fraternities, it would be but a 
short time before her roll would be nearer 1,200 than 800. 


Rev. Chas. Van Norden, D. D., recently elected president 
of the Elmira College, (Female) assumed the duties of his new 
position, February 3d. Dr. Van Norden graduated at Hamil- 
ton College in 1863. He was valedictorian of his class. He 
graduated from Union Theological Seminary in 1866, and re- 
ceived the degree of D. D. from the University of New York. 
He was pastor of the Washington Street Presbyterian Church 
in Beverly, Mass. , five years; of the First Church in St. All^ans. 
ten years; of the North Church, of Springfield, Mass., four 
years. The Elmira College is fast taking rank as one of the 
leading female colleges of this country. For thirty-five years 
it has maintained its high standard and held its own. With 
its conser\'atory of music equal to any between New York and 
Chicago, a school of art with superior advantages, and a vig- 
orous president in his prime, there is no reason why this insti- 
tution should not become famous. 

The college papers of the University of Pennsylvania are 
raising a storm about the faculty's latest decree forbidding 
smoking "in and about the college buildings, * ' and have made 
one or two allusions to the professors smoking in their own 
rooms, which the editors consider in violation of the faculty's 
own order. 

At Wesleyan this winter, an agreeable feature of student 
life has been the unusually large number of informal receptions 
given by the societies in their club-houses. Two successful 
entertainments of this sort occurred this week — that of Alpha 
Delta Phi's, at which many ladies were present, and the Psi U. 
reception to D. K. E. Seniors.— A^. V, Evening Post 

Brown University is to have, after April i, a new monthly 
periodical, to be called the Brown Literary Magazine. The 
Brunonian will continue to be published, but will confine its 
efforts to editorial and news matter, while the new magazine 
will represent the college literary spirit.— J/a// and Express, 

Sfiorere Sette:rs. 

[ChaiT^ editors are again requested to write on only one side of the 
paper and to assume a style somewhat more expansive than a telegraphic 
communication. The next letter is due on June ist, 1890, and should 
be as long as possible. Write legibly. 



Since the last issue of the Shield, Beta has succeeded in securing two 
more men. Henry Merriam, '92, of Waverly, N. Y., and Emory Wilson, 
'93, of Washington, D. C. Bro. Merriam's father is one of Zeta's men, 
class of '58. This swells our number to fifteen; rather small for Beta, 
but we have been unfortunate in losing some of our old men this year. 
We hope to get at least two more men before the close of the year. 

The Syracuse banquet was quite a success, but would have been more 
so if some of our alumni would not drown Theta Delta Chi in their 
business, and if some of the undergraduates could possibly keep from 
getting broke. But what was lacking in numbers was made up in 
quality, especially in our Toastmaster, who by his witty remarks made 
himself popular with everyone. It was a treat, also, to grasp the hand 
of one of the founders of our fraternity, Bro. Andrew H. Green, of 

We have been kept under a cloud of excitement at Cornell for the 
past week. Both the under-classes decided to hold their banquets, the 
Sophomores at Auburn and the Freshmen at Ithaca, on the same night, 
February 21st. Two or three days previous to the banquet the Freshman 
President mysteriously disappeared, and all the attempts of his class- 
mates to find him proved futile until Friday afternoon, when he unex- 
pectedly turned up, having been released by his captors in time for the 
banquet, on condition that he would not reveal who they were. But the 
Freshmen were highly excited and decided not to let the Sophomores 
get off without retaliating; so they assembled near the station, and when 
the Sophomores came down they met a warm reception, and many of 
them showed the effects of it after they got on the train, but the Fresh- 
men received their share of it. 

The Shield has given a number of personals about Beta's graduates 
in recent issues, but one or two of them have changed since then. Bro. 
Parker, '89, who has been ill in Ithaca all winter, has gone to Cleveland, 
in the employ of the Brush Company. Bro. Stranahan, '90, has gone to 
New Mexico for his health. 


T"- --^r-T».i A -r2j^ ^rcs Era Hillock, last month. It resembled hii 
-^r— -aiLrT^ ' nn -w^ jrt ^ ^ j' ^'-' •f: a visit finom the entire Grand Lod^e, 
i:—- ziL. cai "w-ZI rrr ^ keec izsi ioogcr then. 
3r7. w:in«:tt w:!! tkx. t*:^ xhjs year, on accoant of the press of Uni— 

3rrz. <I s rnzzzzi^ fbc ihe base ball team, and stands a good 
r^^^nof rr g^e — mg zs. ?rc;. Wilsco is also training for the Freshmen 
r-»r^ "•iiicft '•-H ">e tie rr« rbn w« ha^e sent out since '76, but we ha^v>e 
i-is- if ryx*L fr.irgnil *=■! carro:^ to vin. The 'Varsitv bids fair to l>e 

Th^ eni :c i^xr t^znr 2> ^Troftching vith its examinations, and man^ 
ir-t 121; ITT jntss. 

If i rjT- -ssc :r\-^!.T-»i a ^rc^rr p>rcare of the Ann Arbor boys, and thoy 
Ll KVTt ji« ^:c»i rie^a T^flTs. We wish them success and prosperity. 



T Cbar^ is glad to avail himself of tliis 
^ to the members of Theta Delta Chi their 
k I>«rterofi — and her seven charter members. 
. tn; riascc x-r-i^i^ "lise ir^^^^ istenest which the establishment of this 
'^i.*-"^^? ijfis- a'w-AiiSje*! jraoc^ Theta Delts everywhere. Remembering 
•rn; :vc*:_iu arj3.T«r 3: wi>rh tbe aew Char^ has been welcomed into the 
>c<«7-Jvv'»i .-t c-JSiLTs^rs. az>i ti:« hearty neceptkvn accorded to the new men 
.»!» zJtrr srt:r^aot 3:tc ii>e Fnxherhcod. I know I am not alone in say- 
ni:, ..? -- -rr*rr-*jr ^xr: ::=-o the b:therto * 'Unexplored West*' and seeking 
r«r» %'rr 2> ?:• ^-^.'C'CTaer ri^irks cc« ot the most progressive and liberal 
«'^'>^'t> a -Jhf e-or-t-rl cxr««r o« Theta Delta ChL 

Z t: -^ rt i^I.j_~ot ^^f bocTs cc tbe Al\-antages sure to accrue to our Fra- 
^'"•- "" "t-.oi t^-^- A=-i tlse <3=rilar itepek which it is the hope and belief of 
*. «V i».-< >«>:;:« to vIatw: bet &vx Holmes* several postals remind 
•mr t*a^ -coo:. *> w^i: as t:=>e, » lissited. I can*t help congratulating 
,"ur- Tf'if-^t'-.v^ xr-^ er= j>f3t Grasi Lod^« and the society at lar^e, on 
r?v - ^ u :j ^tV ao^-i-<tx-& asi the new brothers on their participation in 

^'UzxTta - vrrc-vis w*s es^aMtsh^d at Ann Arbor, on December 13th 
'«^ a^ r ft- Swrt >:ir:v3?=ii:y s« KW.h in the last SHIELD. The charter 
rn^m .X'-^v 4 : .V ^boe ar* Ittcrary students, are Brothers Edward D. 
V. ».-r>;- i , \\ Scvct K Jitter, 'q:; Lyman B. Trumbull, '91 ; Clarence 
^- -["^ ^-'**'' -" vVvrce Re^S^c. "ci: George T. McGee, '92; and Edwiu 
K C.*»^ ^ S^^vc^ t>-at tr=3e Bnxhers WUliam Manning Miller, DelU, 
-^^ /-^ ^ ^vT^rrtx- ?t:_-rv-m^ Jr., and John Herbert Winans, both of Rho 
* *= -^^--o >i. >xvie a^-^re^i js active members^ No initiations have as 


The Charge is prosperous in every respect, and already occupies an 
excellent position among its older contemporaries for so yomig an or- 
ganization. The societies represented here, in the order of their con- 
tinuous existence, are : X 5=^, ^ A ^, A KE, 2 #, Z W, WT, B B 
^KW, \ r A, * A e, M^ A, A Ta and 2 ^ E, together with the 
professional fraternities # A #, JS X, A 2 A, # X, iV 2 iV, and the sorori- 
ties r ^ B, Sorosis, A T and U B ^. The University is a prolific field 
for fraternities, having, according to to the new catalogue just issued, up- 
wards of 2,150 students. At the date of last year's annual W T led with 
a membership of 32, the others ranging from this down to 8. A J ^, 
A KE and W T own handsome atfd commodious brick or stone houses, 
and nearly all the others rent houses for their members' occupancy. 

We have been accorded a permanent editorship on the Argonaut^ one 
of the college weeklies, and Bro. Warner has been installed as editor. 
A long and hard struggle awaits us before we can hope to obtain recogni- 
tion in a position on the board of the Palladium^ the annual. It is is- 
sued by a close corporation composed of representatives from the nine 
fraternities first named above, and unanimous consent is required for the 
admission of new societies to the charmed circle. None have yet been 
admitted, and petitions and protests are in vain. The non-represented 
fraternities are about equal in numbers to the nine, but lack organization 
and determination. Their plates are admitted in the Palladtum as ad- 
vertisementSf on payment of a sum of money. Society is also, to some 
extent, dominated by the same league. 

The standing of the Charge in scholarship is all that could be desired, 
and I have been pleased to note that our influence is extending in many 
directions. Bro. De Puy has been elected Vice-President of the Engi- 
neering Society. 


To write, sensibly and at any length, and say nothing, is a natural gift 
and not a talent that can be acquired. How many charge editors wish 
such a gift could be counted among their possessions when the time 
for the next letter comes and they can think of absolutely nothing new 
<^ince their last. Blessed are they who are born journalists. 

Delta's list of visitors is not as long as we would like to see it, though 
probably we should think of our extreme Western and Eastern sisters 
and be thankful we are honored with even a small number. On their re- 
turn from the establishment of Gamma Deuteron, Bros. Bartlett and 
Carter stopped over one day, thus bringing the new Grand Lodge to- 
gether for the first time since convention. Bro. Du Bois, E^, spent a day 
or so with us just before his departure for the West. May the best of 
success attend him. About a month later Bro. Hills, S, stayed over 
night on his return to college after the holidays, and still a month later 

124 ^"K SHIELD. 

Bro. Jones, 77^, was with us for a few hours. Bro. Neiman, N\ who is a 
chemist in Albany, drops in occasionally, and Bro. Blandy, '87, spent a 
week with us early in the year. As a result of that visit, his engage- 
ment was announced shortly afterward. If we may be pardoned for the 
repetition, Theta Delts are ever welcome at Delta, and we hope some of 
the undergraduates will take advantage of their Easter vacation — a 
luxury of which we cannot 1x>ast — ^to prove for themselves the truth of 
the above. 

At present but one fraternity at the R. P. I., Chi Phi, occupies a house, 
but it is rumored the Delta Phi's will move into one ere long, and 
thus start a movement which will soon end in every fraternity being 
compelled to at least rent a house, or lose their rank among their rivals 
here. Fortune favoring, we shall not be the last to move. 

*'Ward politics" have now shown themselves in the Freshman class, 
nearly one-half refusing to recognize the office of Grand Marshal, and it 
may result in the failure of the customary banquet and sleighride. It had 
been the hope of the upper class-men that the graduating class this year 
would carry with it most of the stubborn element; but now the Freshmen 
have taken it up, no one can tell where it will end. Any settlement of 
the question appears as far remote as it did a year ago. 

The Transit is now fairly under way, and will, nothing now unforeseen 
preventing, appear about the third week in May. A copy will be sent to 
each charge, and we hope to receive more exchanges than we did last 

Initiates during year : Tim. B. Cram, Washington, D. C. *93; C. V. 
Rice, Sharon, Pa., '93; J. D. Ringwood, Ilion, N. Y., '93. 


Wtf take pleasure in announcing that since the last issue we have 
initiated Messrs. Charles Newman Gunn, New Haven, of the Senior, and 
Jarius W. Kennan, St. Louis, Mo., of the Freshman classs, both of whom 
are "smooth" men and worthy Theta Delts. Bro. Gunn would have 
joined us in Freshman year but for family reasons, which till now he has 
been unable to overcome. He is a Senior appointment man, and one of 
the most popular men in his class. 

The Grand Lodge, accompanied by Bros. Saltonstall and Griffing, of 
Har\'ard; Tower, Hopkins, Stiness and Webb of Brown, swooped down 
upon us, January 30th, and, during the few days of their stay, we of Ep- 
silon Deuteron at least enjoyed a very * 'glassy" time, and trust the visit- 
ing brethren enjoyed themselves sufficiently to call again. 

During the month we have also been honored by flying visits from 
Bro. F. L. Jones, of New York; Bro. Luce, of Lambda; and Bro. Ruthven, 
of Epsilon Deuteron. Bro. Blair, '91, is on his class tug of war team, 


and Bro. Robinson, '91, is training with the athletic team for the two> 
mile bicycle race; both are doing excellent work. 

In closing, we are happy to state that the home-stretch of the college 
year finds us in the most prosperous condition we have enjoyed since our 
establishment, and there is no reason why the erection of our new temple 
may not find us the strongest fraternity in the University. 



On account of a mistake in addressing her letter, Eta was not repre - 
sented in the last issue of the Shield, and therefore craves your indul- 
gence in presenting some things which should have appeared then. All 
the brothers here are much pleased to note the steady improvement in 
the Shield, and we feel sure that under Bro. Holmes* efficient manage- 
ment we shall realize one of our chief ambitions, viz: to have a journal 
which shall trul^' represent our interests and take among similar publica- 
tions the high rank to which our beloved fraternity entitles it. 

Although our '93 delegation is not as large as some we have initiated, 
it is of first rate quality. The names of the new brothers are as follows: 
H. S. Baker, Bridgton, Me. ; C. C. Bucknam, Eastport, Me. ; B. F. Barker, 
Bath, Me. ; C. H. Howard, South Paris, Me. ; W. Spring, New Gloucester, 
Me. At the same time we also initiated S. B. Abbott, '92, of Farmington, 
Me. They are all fine fellows and are an honor to us. Our prospects 
for next year are bright, as we already have in view several excellent 
men for our *94 delegation. 

The all-absorbing topic here at Bowdoin now is the proposed boat race 
with Cornell, which is to take place next June, at I^ake Cayuga. At a 
meeting of the Boating Association it voted to put an eight-oared crew in 
training, and a large sum of money was raised by the students. The 
alumni will doubtless respond liberally to request for aid in this matter. 
This is our first venture in "eights," but we have in times past taken a 
high place of honor in "fours,** and while we are not at all confident of 
victory this year, we feel sure that, with the boating material now in col- 
lege, we can make a good showing at least Eta will certainly have 
three men on the crew, and perhaps more, for we have by far more boat- 
ing men than any other fraternity here. Bro. Brown, captain of the 
college crew, which in '85 lowered the intercollegiate record for "fours," 
is with us again in the medical department. Bros. H. H, Hastings, C. H. 
Hastings, Parker, Home and H.W. Poore have rowed on their respective 
class crews and are all fine oarsmen. The candidates have already gone 
into active training, and are hard at work. Fred Plaisted, Bowdoin's 
old trainer, will doubtless coach the crew. 

Last fall, for the first time in her history, Bowdoin put a foot-ball eleven 
into the field and it did her great credit, being defeated only once, and 



that the first game played. On this, as on other things. Eta was well 
represented. Bro. H. H. Hastings played left guard, Bro. Freeman end- 
rush, and Bro. C. H. Hastings left guard. Bro. Parker played the first 
game and would have been an invaluable man had not a sprained ankle 
forced him on the retired list. The eleven was coached by Bro. Haskell, 
Yale ex-*92, who was with us for some time, and intends to enter 

Bro. Freeman sings first bass in the Glee club and is leader of the 
Banjo and Guitar club. Bro. Steams is also a member of the latter. 

Toby Lyons, of the "Syracuse Stars," has been coaching the ball 
team. Eta will probably have two men on the nine — Bros. Freeman 
and Spring. Bro. Freeman was elected captain, but resigned. He will, 
however, cover second base during the coming season. Bro. Spring will 
probably play third base and exchange catcher. 

The annual athletic exhibition will be held next month, and it is being 
looked forward to with much interest. S J*3 will probably take a promi- 
nent part. Bro. Bucknam is becoming one of the most promising general 
athletes in the college. 

In class elections we have more than held our own, or to use an ex- 
pression more forcible than elegant, "scooped things." In the Senior 
class Bro. Chandler has the Parting Address, Bro. Mitchell the Poem, and 
Bro. Hastings is chairman of the committee on arrangements. 

In the Junior class Bro. Ridlon is chairman of the committee on ar- 
rangements. The Sophomores have not yet elected their officers. 

In the Freshman class Bro. Howard is Orator, Bro. Bucknam has the 
Parting Address, and Bro. Baker is Secretary and Treasurer. 

Our having the chairmanships of the committees of arrangements in 
the Senior and Junior classes means that both the Ivy hop and the 
"Dance on the Green'* will be led by Theta Delts — honors greatly prized 
by all the fraternities, as they are the chief social events of the college 


Bro. Chandler has won golden opinions from everybody as managing 
editor of the Bowdoin Orient, He will also represent us on the *68 prize 
speaking, with very good chances of success, as he took the Junior Decla- 
mation prize last year. 

A part of what I have written may lay us open to the charge of 
egotism, but it seems to me that real news concerning any Charge is of 
much more interest to the rest of the Fraternity than any "glittering 
generalities" can be. 

We are all pleased at the prospects of our Fraternity's latest — Gamma 
Deuteron — and say good bye with wishes for her continued success, and 
a fraternal greeting to the other Charges. 





All of US at Kappa, with the possible exception of the Charge editor, 
were much pleased to learn that our letter was called for, because it 
meant that another number of the Shibi^d, whose coming we have grown 
accustomed to anticipate with great interest, was in course of active 
preparation. The regularity with which nearly all the letters of former 
issues have begun with praises of the Shiki<d might seem to some outside 
our fraternity as if they had been utilized as a handy method of filling 
up space, and that, too, in way least likely of being frowned upon by the 
editor; but to us this does not seem to be the case, for if there is any one 
department of fraternity activity in which we can take just pride and 
satisfaction, it is in our quarterly, and we can no more help expressing 
our joy than a boy can help whistling when he is happy. This is the 
case at present; perhaps when we have become satiated with the array 
of good things presented for our delectation every three months, we may 
be able to accept them with stolid indifference, but we hope that such a 
state of affairs will never prevail, and if the excellence of each succeeding 
number over that of its predecessor continues to increase as it has in the 
past, there is little likelihood that it ever will. And so we fall 
right in with the old custom and wish success to Vol. VI of the Shiei^d. 

This has been a most prosperous winter for Kappa. With deep inter- 
est and perfect harmony in our ranks, with the respect of the student- 
body, both in other fraternities and among the non-secret men, we have 
experienced a season of great pleasure and profit since college opened 
last fall. I spoke in my last of the encouraging way with which the 
newly initiated brothers entered into the fraternity spirit, and how the 
fact presaged great benefit to them and to us. What was then so au- 
spiciously foreshadowed has become a most substantial reality, and to- 
day Kappa charge is in as flourishing a condition as we 1 won't say 

coold wish, it will never be that, but at least as we could expect. 

Our literary work in the meetings has been very interesting and in- 
structive. We have not attempted to supplant the work of the college 
cmricnlnm, but rather to lay stress on features that are treated there 
only incidentally, if at all. Our programmes have contained subjects of 
all sorts, purely literary, purely instructive and purely practical, with a 
preponderance of the last mentioned kind. Facility in extemporaneous 
speech has been sought after as much as any one thing. Sometimes we 
combine several features in one programme, as, for instance, in this as a 

1. Robert Browning; his life and works. 

2. Speech on **The Outlook for a College Graduate." 

3. Louis Agassiz; his life and services to the cause of Natural Science. 
Here is a comprehensive essay in number i, a speech on a practical 

topic in number 2, and something more of the nature of a sketch in num- 


ber 3. Nearly all these composite programmes have something of prac- 
tical concern to the brothers as college men, who are fitting themselves 
for their life career in the world, and it is a feature that meets with gen- 
eral and hearty approval. As these topics are selected to be presented as 
speeches, or better, as informal remarks, we gain two ends with an eco- 
nomical expenditure of means, or, in other words, "kill two birds with 
one stone.** 

The feature of our literary work that adapts itself most completely to 
the chief end we have in view, the attainment of skill in speaking ex 
tempore^ is the presentation of a paper, to be followed by a general dis- 
cussion. This discussion may take whatsoever course it pleases; possibly 
it will bring up in a region which has not the remotest connfK:tiou with 
the starting point; but we care nothing for that, as the efiFect sought after 
is to have the brothers stand on their feet and say something. The read- 
ing of the paper serves merely to set the ball a-rolling, and as long as it 
rolls we are perfectly willing to let it take its own course. The essay is 
criticised not merely as regards the matter itself, but also as to its style 
and method of treatment. We take no final vote on the merits of the 
question or of the arguments, for the hesitating ones would be even more 
indisposed to speak if their remarks were to have the appearance of 
formal arguments. In short, we strive to make the talking as informal 
and spontaneous as conversation, allowing, of course, for the fact that 
we are in a regularly organized assembly, and the result, so far, has been 
very gratifying. 

Our catalogue committee has been at work this winter in collecting 
information about Kappa's graduates for the general catalogue of the 
fraternity. Blank forms of circulars containing a most comprehensive 
set of questions, have been sent out, and the returns have been coming 
in for some little time. They are quite full in most cases, and where 
they are lacking the deficiencies have been to a considerable extent 
supplied by personal investigation into college catalogues, charge records 
and history, and the like, and when Brother Davis is ready to issue our 
long-hoped-for general catalogue, our quota will, I think, be as complete 
as it is possible to make it. The committee has also sent out to the 
graduates a circular giving information about our men, "who they are 
and what they are doing to maintain the high position that Kappa has 
always held on College Hill." This circular has been very gladly re- 
ceived, and the letters that have come back to us commending the plan 
and expressing gratification at the showing we can make, have given us 
another proof of the deep interest Kappa* s graduates, of many years' 
standing even, take in the active work of the charge to-day. 

When our initiation was over last October we thought that our ranks 
were formed for the year, but there have been two changes. Brother 
Bennington, '91, has left college to enter the medical office of his uncle 
in Windsor, Vt. His loss will be especially felt in base ball next spring, 


for he was our principal pitcher. Our numbers will not lonvr remain de- 
pleted, however. We have just pledged a new man in college, Mr. P. T. 
Needham, of Lawrence, Mass., and probably by the time this issue of the 
Shield appears he will have been initiated. A significant indication of 
the standing of Theta Delta Chi at Tufls may be found in the fact that 
Mr. Needham had been previously approached by two out of the three 
other fraternities before he was asked by us. We think he will be a val- 
uable addition to our number. 

I suppose that by this time nearly all, or possibly all, of the charges 
have been visited by the Grand Lodge. Kappa was favored by their 
august presence on the evening of January 27, and we hope that they were 
as much satisfied with the condition of our charge as we were pleased to 
entertain them. President Bartlett*s words were j ust as full of enthusiasm 
and fraternity zeal as ever. Whoever his successor may be, we may 
surely say to him, as was said to a certain distinguished official, **You 
have a hard man to follow." Brothers Carter and Hallock also had a 
good word to say. 

One word more and we are done. Kappa has charge of the annual 
banquet of the New England Association this year, and its members 
would be glad to see a large number of Theta Delts present, regardless of 
their geographical location. The banquet will be held about the middle 
of April, in Boston, and invitations will be sent to all the charges. 

And uow, w^ith best wishes to all, we bring this letter to an end. This 
\\i\\ be the last time during this college year that we will send our greet- 
ings through the pages of the Shield, for our next issue will fiud 
Commencement over with and the brothers scattered to the four quarters 
of the globe. We hope all the charges have had a prosperous and pleas- 
ant winter, although to confess it in such a winter as this is to credit your 
charge with an extraordinary degree of fraternal power. But the balmy 
(lays of spring will soon repay us for all our discomforts and tell us that 
ere long we may lock up our dormitories and settle down for a good long 
vacation. In the pleasant mood aroused by such a prospect we of Kappa 
say good-bye. 


Brother W. F. Oilman, lately elected to represent Lambda on the 
Shield, has been obliged by illness to leave his work and go home. 
Consequently the same old pen wull go on scratching for this quarter, at 
least. The request came so late to do his work that this letter will per- 
haps contain not much but a disconnected .statement of our present Gon- 
dii tion. 

We are on the eve of the second term examinations and a glance over 
our term's successes and honors may not be void of interest. 


As first of all, perhaps, in importance should be mentioned the organ- 
ization of the Boston University Glee Club. An endeavor has been made 
in other years to arrange one, and a few men have occasionally gone out 
under that name, sometimes with and sometimes without credit. Finally 
a real, live Glee Club has been organized and is giving increased satis- 
faction to its hearers within and without college. It made its debut Fri- 
day evening, January 31st, in Jacob Sleeper Hall. Since then it has done 
considerable work, and is to-night — ^March 5th — giving an entertainment 
at the Y. M. C. A. building. Brother G. F. Kenney is the leader, and 
Brother J. W. Spencer is business manager. We have two men on be- 
sides the leader: Brothers Snow and Hawkins. With it goes Brother 
Adams as reader and impersonator, and to him a large part of the success 
must be attributed. 

On the Banjo Club we are represented by Brother Hawkins and Brother 
Sylvester. Brother Spencer is also business manager of this. 

As for literary matters, Brother Willett has been elected second busi- 
ness manager of the University Beacon, and Brother Wenzel is one of 
the Associate editors for half a year. On Friday of this week the annual 
election of the Beacon Association will be held, at which will be chosen 
a president, clerk and one director of the Association, and the editor-in- 
chief of the Beacon. According to a recently formed custom a woman 
would be elected this year; yet one of Lambda's men is a candidate for 
the position. Which one — the man or the woman — will be elected, a few 
days will disclose. 

Brother A. C. Downs, '92, has left college to attend to the business of 
his father, who is too feeble to take care of it himself. 

Brother G. H. Spencer is supplying the pulpit of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church at Lawrence for the remainder of the Conference year, 
the pastor having recently died. 

Brother G. F. Willett, '91, at the last meeting of the New England 
Inter-collegiate Press Association was elected its secretary. 

During the term we have had calls from the President and Secretar5- 
of the Grand Lodge, from Brother Jones and from many of our alumni. 

The charge is prospering. Our numerous correspondents may he 
pleased to know in addition that we are sober and in our right minds. 

Albert Canbi^in. 

J. T. Draper, '84, is teaching natural sciences in the Hieh School at 
Pueblo, Col. 

J. B. Scott, '83, is practicing law at Grafton, Mass. 

M. H. Bowman, ^81, is Principal of the High School afWest Medwav, 

W. M. Brigham, '87, has recently been admitted to the Suffolk bar. 
and IS practicing at Mariboro, Mass, 
F. J. Metcalf. '86, is teaching at Ogden, Utah. 


Irving Smith, ex-*88, is attending Bryant and Stratton's Commercial 

J. D. Pickles, '77, sailed Feb. 12th for a four months' trip to Europe, 
Egypt and the Holy Land. 

A. J. Clough, *78, is Principal of the High School at Green Bay, Wis. 

S. I. Bailey, *8i, is in South America preparing a map of the southern 
heavens, under the direction of the Howard Observatory authorities. 

G. T. Richardson, ex-'87, is city editor of the Boston Daily Advertiser. 

A. H. Noyes, '87, who left us to go to Trinity, has lately received a 
very flattering offer from one of the English universities in Japan. 

W. E. Chenery, '87, who was incorrectly dubbed M. D. in a recent 
number, will graduate from the Howard Medical School this year, and 
intends to further prosecute his studies in Europe. 


We are in mid-term time, with but little to enliven the daily routine of 
the winter term's steady grind. Now and then, to be sure, there are 
social events of more or less brilliancy, to which, however, only a favored 
few are invited. The record, then, of fraternity news from Mu Deuteron 
suitable for publication in the columns of the Shiei^d is most meagre. 
At the beginning of the term the brothers came back joyfully after the 
rest of the holidays; then there were the fond greetings of brother to 
brother on one day. On the next we heard of poor Hendy's death. 
Whatever may be said of the life of Henderson, '91, in his death all were 
united in one common grief. It was so unexpected to lose him who was 
so iull of life and attractive qualities. 

He's gone in his beauty, 
His strength and his pride; 
Yes, gone from among us, 
But, oh, he has died ! 

The second "drawing" of the ^ B K from '90 was of but four men, 
among whom was one more 8 -^; thus giving to Mu Deuteron three 
members of that ranJk society, a proportion much larger than any other 
society has. In the other classes our general scholarship is being fully 
maintained, or even advanced, for we all expected great things from our 
*9i delegation. Our prospect for representation in the Kellogg Prize 
speaking is good, for several of the brothers from '92 and '93 have done 
excellent work. We all rejoice in the success of Bro. Avery, '91, 
who is chosen to the Lester Prize oratorical contest. It is a coveted po- 
sition of much honor to all who contend, because of the sharpness of the 

Our present house has proved itself too small for our growing needs, 
and so plans are on foot to enlarge it by an addition which shall include 


the goat hall and suitable parlors, together with a few more suites for 
the brothers. If consummated it will give us a home first-class in all the 
particulars essential for a society's success in Amherst 

And to it, in the future as in the past, we shall ever welcome all Theta 


Like Sigma, Nu Deuteron "bobs up serenely," not with twelve, but 
with eleven men, whose beauty cannot be questioned. Our latest addi- 
tions are Bro. C. W. Gearhart, '93, of Danville, Pa. , and Bro. L. S. Harris, 
of Silver Brook, Pa. Both have given evidence of being loyal Theta 
Delts in every respect, and it gives me pleasure to introduce them to the 
fraternity at large. 

We are not an athletic association, but manage to get a representative 
on the diflFerent teams in college. Bro. Gearhart will represent his fra- 
ternity on the base ball team this year. He is considered one of the finest 
fielders among college nines. We had hoped to have Bro. Ely on the 
'varsity eleven last fall, but sickness compelled him to retire early in the 
season. Bro. Harris is training for lacrosse, and if he keeps up his great 
showing, is sure of a place on the team. The rest of us keep up our 

muscle in other ways, such as well, w^ait until you visit us and then 

we will show you. 

Bro. Morris, '91, as editor-in-chief of the Epitome, promises a fine 
annual this year. He is working hard for the success of the production, 
and we feel sure that the efforts of himself and associate editors will meet 
with general approval among college men. Bro. J. G. Heame still seems 
to be our leader in society, which can be accounted for only from tlie 
fact that he is so "pretty." Bros. D. G. Heame. Ely, Merrick and Gear- 
hart are close seconds, however, in the matter of society. Bros. Heilig 
and Holcombe seem to realize why they are sent to college — they study 
from morning till night. 

Our delegates (?) to tlie last convention report a good time, but seem 
unable give us very minute details of the proceedings. The establishing 
of a charge at the I'niversity of Michigan is pleasing to us all, and to our 
new^ brothers we extend that friendship and love which so characterizes 
Theta Delta Chi. 

Our visitors this term have been numerous. Those to wiiom we 
have had the pleasure of showmg the sights of this quaint old Pennsyl- 
vania Dutch town are Bros. Colnon, Beta; Dumout, Phi; Jones, Pi Deu- 
teron; Coville and Dillworth, Rho Deuteron; Pierce, XL We were also 
pleased to have with us Bros. Neiman, Thomas and H. A. Luckeubach, 
of our own charge. We hope many others will give us a chance to show 
them the hospitality of Nu Deuteron. Bro. Bartlett and the other mem- 
bers of the Grand Lodge expect to visit us in the near future. 


In closing, Nu Deuteron extends a hearty grip to the brothers of the 
different charges, with the hope that with them all the same hearty and 
thorough fraternal feeling prevails as with the brothers of our charge. 



.\t the beginning of this college year we started in with four men, two 
seniors and two juniors. From the fact of our getting no men, then the 
report was started by the other fraternities here that our charter had been 
taken from us, and that we could not initiate men. However, at Christ- 
mas, we took in one man, Bro. J. Erwin Broadhead, '93, of Jermyn, Pa., 
and after the holiday vacation we " swung *' Bro. Leslie Fenton Potter, 
of lola, Kansas, both men that two of the other fraternities had been 
rushing from the beginning of the year, so it then became evident that 
we had not lost our charter and were to continue ** in the ring." Since 
that time our prospects have been continually brightening, and there is 
now no cause for apprehension concerning the future of the charge. We 
were weakened somewhat by Bro. Palmer's leaving at Christmas, he 
dropping college to accept a position in the city comptroller's office, 
Brooklyn. Being the most popular and original man in college when 
here, he is missed, both by the charge and the college at large. We now 
number five men, two seniors, one junior, and two freshmen, but in a 
short time we shall add a sophomore to the crowd whom we have already 
pledged. We are also certain of two first-class men at commencement 
time, so the Xi will begin next year with six energetic men. There will 
also be a greater necessity for good rushing at that time, because two of 
the other fraternities represented here, the Sigma Phi and Kappa Alpha 
will be in chapter houses then, as the first are building and the second 
have bought a house, and both will be ready for occupation by commence- 
ment The college is showing much interest in base ball and athletics 
this year, and we are represented in both, by Bro. Hoff, catcher on the 
team, and who is also training for the State Inter-Collegiate field day. 

Chas. C. Hoff. 


Situated as we are, up in the wilds of New Hampshire, far from pleas- 
ures of the cities and larger towns, we very naturally make more of our 
society during the winter term. There has been a manifest improvement 
in the literary programs this terra, while the social spirit exceeds that of 
any other term. One of the features of our meetings has been a society 
novel, the chapters being contributed by different brothers. Several of 
the brothers in '92 are competing for the editorships of the college annual, 
and we will surely have one, and probably three. Dartmouth's interest 


in base ball and athletics is as strong as ever. There are more men train- 
ing for the athletic team than ever before, among whom are a number of 
Theta Delts. Her hopes of winning the athletic pennant, as well as the 
base ball are strong. 

Bro. Smith was unable to return to college this term, but we under- 
stand he is to be with us again next term. * 

Bro. Fletcher has been obliged to leave college on account of ill-health. 
He will spend the remainder of the winter in Florida, and if his health 
permits will return to college next year. 

Wednesday evening, February 26, Baron Shirley, '92, of Andover, N. 
H., was initiated. He has been in college a year and has had oppor- 
tunity to form an opinion of the societies, and his choice shows that 
Omicron Deuteron is not far behind the other fraternities having chap- 
ters in Dartmouth College. Bro. Shirley is a man of literary ability and 
is sure to win laurels for 9 A X. February 21st was the usual day for the 
sophomore and freshman class suppers, the former being held at Spring- 
field, Mass., the latter at Manchester, N. H. Brother Shirley was toast- 
master and Brother Weston was orator at the sophomore supper, while 
other brothers responded to toasts at both suppers. 

The senior class has had its split and recovered somewhat quicker than 
previous classes. At their election Bro. Bacon was chosen poet for class 

Bros. Belknap and Jarvis, who have been instructing the youth of 
Northern Vermont have returned. 

Our annual prize speaking will take place Wednesday evening, 
March 12. 

The operetta, which was to be rendered the first of March, has been 
postponed a short time, owing to the severe illness of one of the brothers, 
who is to have a prominent part. 

Bro. French has been appointed Assistant Librarian, thus giving us 
three out of the four Assistant Librarians chosen from the Academical 
Department, and the Librarian is a member of K K K, We are looking 
forward with expectancy to the coming of the Grand Lodge, and hope to 
be able to present the operetta the night they are here. 


At no time since the establishment of Theta Delta Chi at C. C. N. Y. 
has the Pi Deuteron charge been in a more prosperous condition or en- 
tertained brighter prospects for the future. We now have fourteen active 
members and can favorably compete with any of the five fraternities 
here. From the general tenor of the charge letters in the last Shiei^d it 
is evident that the other charges have been equally successful. 

We have just received the decision of the Grand Lodge in regard to the 


establishment of another charge at Boston. We were very sorry to hear 
that any negative vote had been cast, as we were decidedly in favor of 
such an addition to the fraternity. 

Shortly after the last issue of the Shiei^d, Pi Deuteron held its annual 
Christmas reunion. Many resident graduates and brothers from our 
sister charge were present. After an initiation supper was served and 
the remainder of the evening spent in jollification. But our pleasure was 
in part marred by an accident, which occurred later in the evening, and 
which, but for the timely appearance of some of the members, might 
have resulted much worse than it did. Part of the drapery in an ante- 
room had caught fire, and several of the brothers' coats and hats were 
burned, but the damage otherwise was small. 

The first monthly meeting of the S ^ X club, composed of graduates 
and undergraduates, was held the last Friday evening in January. The 
attendance was quite large and several new members for the club were 
obtained. Much of the success so far has been due to the efforts of Bro. 

We are this year represented on the Microcosm by Bros. Patterson, 
Trafford and Nelson, who is Chairman of the Board. It is expected that 
the Annual will soon appear, and that it will outshine all previous publi- 
cations of the college. Brp. Patterson has been elected Secretary of the 
Athletic Association and Bro. Whitehome has received an office in his 

Pi Deuteron takes great pleasure in introducing to the fraternity Bros. 
Lawson, Lee and Wilmurt, of '93. These men have already shown an 
active interest in the welfare of the charge, and we feel sure that we have 
made no mistake in thus increasing our roll. We extend our fraternal 
greeting to all the charges. Forrest R. Trafford. 


Bro. Cole, '92, is attending the Columbia Law School. 

Bro. Parker, '92, has recently joined the Seventh Regiment. 

Bro. Bogert, '90, is now studying at Trenton, N. J., under a private 
tutor, but frequently finds time to visit New York. 

Bro. J. L Little, Jr., '90, is practicing law at 54 William street, this city. 

Bro. Anthon, *90, has returned to the city. It is understood that he 
intends taking a post>graduate course at Columbia. 

Bro. Collins, '93, has left college. We hope that he may soon return. 

Bro. Lee, '93, has taken a leave of absence for a month. He intends 
to accompany his father in an extended tour through Mexico and the 

Bro. Alsdorf, '89, is studying law. 


Rho Deuteron is as active and flourishing as ever, though she has just 
finished her semi-annual examinations and is now looking around to find 


out who has been injured in the fray. As yet no Theta Delt has been 
found among the wounded. 

Since you last heard from us we have been quite busy with receptions 
and banquets. The Theta Delta Chi club has already held two meetings 
at our rooms, both being successful. Many graduates and undergradu* 
ates were present at both and all had a most enjoyable time. These 
affairs are entirely social, and in this way bring together the older and 
younger members of the fraternity, a practice which I think should be 
followed by all our sister charges. 

The banquet of the New York Graduate Association has also taken 
place here and some of the brothers of our charge attended. But without 
doubt you have already read all about that enjoyable affair in the pre- 
ceding pages. 

We take great pleasure in introducing to the fraternity our new mem- 
ber, Bro. Douglas, of the Medical School. He was initiated not long ago 
and we all believe that he will prove a worthy brother in the fraternity. 

It has been our custom here to give an occasional reception to the men 
we are "rushing." Such a gathering took place during the latter part 
of February, and proved to be a jolly affair. Many brothers and out- 
siders were present. We hold all these affairs at our rooms, which are 
still at 574 Fifth Avenue, where we would be pleased to meet any of the 
brothers when they come to the city. 

Of late many changes have occurred at Columbia. Among others a 
new President has been installed. The ceremony took place at the 
Metropolitan Opera House in the beginning of February and was a very 
impressive affair. Presidents and professors from the various colleges 
attended, as well as a number of men renowned in other walks of life, 
among whom figured many old Theta Delts. In the evening the alumni 
gave a banquet to the new President, and a few days later the President 
and Mrs. Low gave a series of receptions to the students of the various 
departments of the college. President Low is a very popular man among 
the students, having only been graduated with the class of '70. As a re- 
sult of the new administration the students have already been promised a 
gymnasium by the trustees, a very necessary thing at Columbia. 

Our annual, the Columbian, is soon to appear, and in it, as usual, "we 
hold our own." According to its statistics, among the large number of 
fraternities existing here, only three exceed us in numbers. 

It is with deep sorrow that we acquaint the fraternity with the death 
of ofie of our brothers, Dr. Plunkett. He was at the time of his death an 
instructor in the Medical Department of Columbia College, and though 
a member of another charge, yet his death was deeply felt by all the 
brothers in Rho Deuteron. 

In closing, let me extend to all the brothers the best wishes of the 




Since our last letter to the Shield we have lost two loyal brothers, Dr. 
F. L. Bamum, ^91, and W. F. Sadler, '93. Brother Bamun was obliged 
to leave college on account of his profession, which demanded his un- 
divided attention, and Brother Sadler to the lumber business — whether 
this consists in assorting material for matches or toothpicks we have been 
nnable to discover. While we miss the companionship of these worthy 
brothers, we wish them success and God-speed on their respective roads 
to fame and fortune. 

It has been rumored in college circles here that an effort is on foot to 
establish a chapter of some fraternity. This has largely resulted from the 
conservative policy of the fraternities at present flourishing here. There 
are six with an average often men each, which would make a total of (60) 
sixty fraternity men in college, or about one half of the total membership 
of the college. We have been unable to find out anything definite, but 
know that such a movement is being agitated. A new chapter of any 
fraternity will have up-hill work here unless they are indifferent as to 
their choice of men. With this exception it has been very quiet with us. 

The prospect of our base ball team at present occupies the attention of 
those interested in that sport Bro. Pettinos, '92, will represent us on the 
team, and as he is one of the directors, our interests will be well cared 

The glee club of the college will give their first entertainment February 
14th, and will then take a two weeks* trip. Bro. Heberling has the honor 
to be president of that body and Bro. Pettinos, secretary. 

Bro. Brandt, '92, has entered many of the events in the mid-winter 
sports held here annually. Though young and timid, he is a high kicker 
and jumper. We anticipate an excellent record for him in the future. 

We are much pleased with the account of the ceremonies incident to 
the establishment of the *' Gamma Deuteron." We extend the right hand 
of fellowship to our baby sister and express the hope that she may enjoy 
jhany long years of prosperity. 

The Senior class have adopted the Oxford cap and gown, but only three 
of onr number are permitted the privilege, Bros. Hamilton, Webbert and 
your Charge Editor. 

The Sigma has enjoyed one of its most prosperous years, and though 
we have unexpectedly lost some right royal men by leaving college and 
expect to graduate three more, our prospects are as bright for the future 
as our remembrance of the past is pleasant and encouraging. 

Samuel S. Wallace. 




This issue of the Shield will greet us with our first anniversary of the 
re-establishment of Phi charge at Lafayette College. During that year 
we have met with success beyond our expectations and are prepared to 
begin a new year with fourteen active and three resident members. Since 
the last edition of the Shield we have received into our fold two new 
members, both of the class of '93, W. Lamont and C. Chamberlin. 

The issue of the Melange ^ junior edition, will soon appear, and promises 
to excel all former numbers. 

The athletic mid- winter sports take place on the 28th inst, and promise 
rare sport and some sharp contests. Regular drills and trainings are 
going on daily to prepare for them. Lehigh has a number of entries, 
which will make it all the more interesting. 

Bros. Heame and Gerhardt, of Nu Deuteron, paid us a visit on Satur- 
day, the 15th inst, and during the evening we had a good time. They 
returned the following day. 

The class of '92 gave their supper at the United States Hotel on the 
2ist inst. Bro. W. Dumont presided. Some lively times were had and 
more are anticipated soon. 

We are now improving the appearance of our rooms. We observe the 
old proverb, " slow, but sure;*' and work accordingly. This will be our 
guide in future, not that we are slow, but that we generally accomplish 
what we aim at. There are here as in all other colleges, considerable 
strife and rivalry among the different fraternities, but there is a notable 
absence of personal enmity. 

This term soon closes. Reviews have already begun and the * * pollers * * 
are putting in full time. 

Base ball is booming and a good team is in prospect for this season. 

Phi charge sends greetings of goodwill to her sister charges and hopes 
to see some of their members in Easton in the near future, where they 
are ever welcome. Good entertainment will be extended to the best of 
our ability. 

W. L. Sanderson. 



"Better and grander with each number," is the verdict of Psi in regard 
to the Shield. We eagerly await the new volume, anxious to read of 
the beginning of TheU Delta Chi as it clusters about the life of Bro. 
Beach, to read the initiatory letter of Gamma Deuteron, and to know of 
the increasing life and prosperity of our beloved fraternity, as disclosed 
in its representative magazine. 


The life at Psi has been an uneventful one during the past tenn. There 
has been nothing more worthy of note than the fact that we have become 
more bound together by fraternal ties. The association we get by living 
under one roof and eating from one board, we feel to be the secret of our 
unity. When we look back and compare our life in the college dormi- 
tories with that in the chapter house, we believe we are able to speak 
from experience of the influence of a chapter house on college men. We 
know that in our own charge there is more fraternal feeling, because we 
have learned to know each other better through a more personal contact 
with each other. Our class feeling is no less, for now there is a fraternity 
pride in a legitimate spirit, and it can be governed and regulated. * * Old 
Hamilton '* means more to us now; for we are assured that we will always 
have a home whenever we are called back to the college town, and know 
that as alumni we will find something more than cold dormitories to 
greet us. With us there is more association with other fraternities than 
formerly, and thus, isolation, the one objection to this life, is opposed 
and answered from our experience. And more, Hamilton students testify 
that fraternity house life produces gentlemen. The fact that neither the 
students nor faculty would abandon the chapter house system shows 
plainly the spirit at Clinton. May Psi's charge house and its results es^er 
be a glory to Theta Delta Chi. 

" Bookish Hamilton " may have been an, accurate term during bygone 
winter days, but another spirit is present this year, which almost vies 
with " bookishness " for supremacy,— certainly it does in popularity, — 
that is athletics. Not that there has not been for a year a good athletic 
feeling, but it is quite unusual for it to burn so brightly during the winter 
months. The inter-collegiate pennant won by the college at Albany last 
spring, taught the fellows that if success crowns their efforts this year, 
there must be unusual work done: hence the training and inter- 
est so early in the season, for the Syracuse contest in May. The faculty 
are quite favorable to the feeling and have assigned rooms in North Col- 
lege to the trainer, W. A. Hikes, of Saratoga, who occupied the position 
of trainer last year. 

A foot ball organization has been effected with Bro. Lee as secretary 
and treasurer. At the opening of the fall term, games will be played with 
other colleges of the league — Hobart, Rochester, Syracuse and Union. 

The glee and banjo clubs have just completed a successful tour through 
Central New York. Concerts were given at Clinton, Oneida, Syracuse, 
Rochester, Cazenovia and Norwich. The press complimented their efforts 
>^ery highly. A large reception was tendered them at Syracuse. 

With this term Bro. Perine closes his term as President of the college 
Y. M. C. A. During his term the association has been reorganized under 
a new constitution and made to work with new zeal and method. His 
influence has been greatly felt At a recent election Bro. Lee was elected 
senior vice-president for the ensuing year. 


Bros. Northrop and Jenkins recently assisted Bro. Rogers, '89, at a 
prize speaking contest in Boonville Academy. 

Bros. F. G. Ferine, '87, of the Hartford Times, and J. H. Pardee, ^89, 
of the Inter-National Collection Co., of Buffalo, were recent visitors at 
Psi*8 home. 

B'R'RO'RS in DeeeMBB'R nUMBB'R. 

Page 214 — Randall should have been Randolph. 

Page 208, first line — Read Wm. L. Stone. Second line — Read Elbert 
S. Carman. 

Page 221 — The address of Guy M. McDowell is Danville instead 
of Warren. 

Page 214— J. H. Winans, should have been credited to Columbia 

Page 216 — Dr. L. Burrows should also have been credited to Colum- 
bia College. 


An American Patriotic Hymn, by Theodore I. Heicman. 

Hail to the land of the free and the brave! 
Hail to the flag that forever shall wave! 
Monarch or despot shall ne'er lay his hand 
Upon the brave men of this fair, happy land. 

Holding on high Freedom's banner unfurl'd, 
Hope of th' oppressed in all parts of the world; 
Showing all nations that men can be free, 
And order and law reign with true liberty. 

Faithful and loyal to Freedom's great cause; 
Ready to battle for right and the laws; 
God grant that Virtue may e'er be our guide; 
That Justice and Honor with us may abide. 

Repeat last two lines of each verse as chorus. 



Air, " 'Twaa Off the Blue Canaries.' 

We sing the joys of festal boards 
Where flows the rich champagne, 
Where hand to hand, and glass to glass, 
We shout the wUd refrain; 
We love the jovial sounds of mirth 
, Which rise from earth to sky, 
But dearer to each others heart 
Is Theta Delta Chi. 

Cho.— Our Theta Delta Chi! Our Theta Delta Chi* 
We'll place her foremost in our hearts, 
Dear Theta Delta Chi. 

We sing the pleasures of the chase, 

Where sound the huntsman's cheers. 

As guns in hand and hounds in front. 

We rouse the foxes' fears. 

We follow hard the fl>'ing 

With ardor fierce and high; 

But stronger does that ardor burn 

For Theta Delta Chi. 

Cho.— Our Theta. etc. 

We sing the charfns of glowing lips, 

Of sparkling blue eyes bright, 

Of fairy form and dainty foot. 

Of heaving bosom white. 

We sing the bloom of peach like cheeks 

Where blushes flit and fly, 

But more to us than maiden's love 

Is Theta Delta Chi. 

Cho.— Our Theta, etc. 

— By Merton h. Kimball 

Theta Delta Chi Professional and Business Directory. 

Omicron DeuteroD, *82. 


Counsellor at Law, 23 Court Street, 

Telephone 110. Boston, Mass. 

H. B. CONE, 

Attorney at Law, 

Batavla. N. Y. 


Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 



Robinson Building, 

Elnrira, N. Y. 


Counsellors at Law, 

379 River Street. Troy, N. Y. 

E. L. PEUTIER. U. S. Com. G. W. DAW. 


Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 
4 Warren Street, - - . New York. 

Counsellor at Law, 

Paterson, N. J. 


Physician and Surgeon, 
4003 Chestnut St., - - Philadelphia. Pi 


31 First St., near Second Ave., New York. 

Office hours: 8 to 9:80 A. M.; 1:30 to 2:30 
and 6 to 7 P. M. Sundays, to 11 A. M. 

JACOB SPAHN, Kappa, ^59. 

Attorney at Law. I WINSOR B. FRENCH, 

516 and 518 Ellwanger and Barry Block. Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 

' Room 4 Town Hall, Saratov Springs, N. Y 

Rochester, N. Y. 

Eta, -er. 


Counsellor and Attorney at Law, 
Grange Block, - - Norway, Maine. I 

Attention given to business in any part ' 
of Maine,e8pecially Portland and Lewiston. , 

Beta, *84. 


Attorney at Law, 

No. 100 Diamond St.. - > Pittsburg, Pa. 



H.A. SMITH, M. D. 

Physician and Surgeon, 
1319 North 15th St., - - Philadelphia, Pa. 


Attorney at Law, 
108 North Fourth Street, St. Louis, Mo. 


Office, an Opera House Block. Hours, la to 

3 P. M. 
Residence, 1071 N, Clark St., Chicago, ill. 


Attorney at Law, 

1506 Farnam Street, 

Omaha, Neb. 

• •• . 

Andrew Heatlev Green. 

. 1 >.,j O 1 1 i >_> i—i LJ . 

6he:}a : Delia : Glii. 

U. i-.-Lll.U-.lluli.l 1^^| 




THE SHmi-B, 

fi (Qagazine Published QUAi^inEi^iiY 

m mHB iKirEitEsnts op 

f Ma : ©elta : ©Si. 

Voltim* VI. 

i \M 

Founded in 1869. Re-Establisbed in 1KN4 

Sheta Dbljta (©hi. 

TOVJHOtQ W\ \J\A\OH CO\.\.tGt \6U€». 


Theodore B. Brown, 
William Hyslop, 
Abel Beach, 

William G. Aiken, 
Samuel F. Wile, 
Andrew H, Green. 



- ^847 

Union College. 



Cornell University. 

Gamma, - 


University of Vermont. 

Gamma Deuteron, - 

•- 1889 

University of Michigan. 



Rennsselaer Polytechnic Institute. 


- ^Ss3 

College of William and Mary. 

Epsilon Deuteron, 


Yale University. 

Zeta, - 

- 1853 

Brown University. 

Eta, - - 


Bowdoin College. 


- ^854 

Kenyon College. 

Theta Deuteron, 


Mass. Institute Technology. 



Harvard University. 


- 1856 

Tufts College. 

Lambda, - 


Boston University. 


- ^857 

University of North Carolina. 

Mu Deuteron, 


Amherst College. 


- fS57 

University of Virginia. 

Xu Deuteron, 


Lehigh University. 


- 1857 

Hobart College. 



Wesley an University. 

Omicron Deuteron, - 

- 1869 

Dartmouth College. 

A, ... 


Jefferson College. 

Pi Deuteron, 

' 1881 

College of the City of New York. 



University of South Carolina. 

Rho Deuteron, 

' 1883 

Columbia College. 



Dickinson College. 

Tau, - 

- f86j 

College of New Jersey ( Princeton ) . 



University of Lewishurg. 

Phi, . 

- 1866 

Lafayette College. 



University of Rochester. 


' 1867 

Hamilton College. 

1889. Gr^AND liODGE. 



ARTHUR L. BARTLETT, Hyde Park, Mass. 


FREDERIC CARTER, 36 Elm Street. New Haven, Conn. 


J. C. HALLOCK, Delta Hall, Troy, N. Y. 

O. S. Davis, White River Junction, Vt. 


Beta - - - Walter J. Vose, Ithaca, N. Y. 
Gamma Deuteron J. H. Winans, 90 So. State St. Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Delta ' - L. M. Cox, Delta Hall, Troy, N. Y. 
Epsilon Deuteron Chas. B. Spruce, 36 Elm St., New Haven, Conn. 
Zeta - - Henry J. Spooner, Jr., Providence, R. I. 
Eta - - - Will O. Hersey, Brunswdck, Me. 
Theta Deuteron J. F. White, 102 Pembroke St, Boston, Mass. 

Meia'In M. Johnson, Tuft's College, Mass. 

- W. F. Oilman, 39 Holyoke Street, Boston, Mass. 
E. D. Daniels, Amherst, Mass. 

- J. M. Beaumont, 237 South New St.. Bethlehem, Pa. 
Chas C. Hoff, Geneva, N. Y. 

Kappa - 
Mu Deuteron 
Nu Deuteron 
Xi - 

Omicron Deuteron V. A. DoTY, Hanover, N. H. 

Pi Deuteron - 
Rho Deuteron 
Phi - 
Psi ' 

Forrest R. Trafford, 40 E. 26th St., New York. 
- GusTAVE R. Tt^SKA, Colimibia College, New* York. 

Fred H. Fletcher, Carlisle, Pa. 
- W. L. Sanderson, Phillipsburg, N. J. 
Duncan C. Lee, Clinton, N. Y. 

Corresponding Secretaries. 

Beta - - - M. N. McLaren, Jr., Sprague Block, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Gamma Deuteron W. H. Butler, E. University Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Delta - - Chas E. Birch, P O. B. 96, Troy, N. Y. 

Epsilon Deuteron Eugene B. Sanger," 36 Elm St., New Haven, Conn. 

Zeta - - - H. J. Spooner, Jr., Providence, R. I. 

Eta - - - P. C. Newbegin, Brunswick, Me. 

Theta Deuteron F. H. Dorr, 102 Pembroke St. , Boston, Mass. 

Kappa - - F. W. Perkins, Tuft's College, Mass. 

Lambda - - John Wenzel, 39 Holyoke St., Boston, Mass. 

Mu Deuteron - F. W. Allen, Amherst, Mass. 

Nu Deuteron - J. S. Heilug, 237 South New St., Bethlehem, Pa. 

Xi - - - Charles C. Hope, Geneva, N. Y. 

Omicron Deuteron F. W. Plummer, Hanover, N. H. 

Pi Deuteron - Geo. C. Goebel, 235 7th St., New York City. 

J^ho Deuteron - E. C. Ehlers, 180 W. loth St., New York City. 

Sigma - - C. J. Hepburn, Carlisle, Pa. 

Phi - - - E. A. Loux, Easton, Pa. 

I^i - - - Duncan C. Lee, Clinton, N. Y. 

Theta Delta ehi eiub, 








A. L. COVILLE, 147 W. 6ist street, New York. 

C. D. MARVIN. 18 Wall St., New York. 




A banquet will be held on the second Friday evening of each month. 
It is expected that a club house will soon be procured. 



Andrew H. Green, President, Syracuse, N. Y. 
M, N. McLaren, Sec'y and Treas,, Ithaca, N. Y., 


Amherst, Bowdoin, Brown, Boston University, 

Dartmouth, Tufts, Yai,e. 

Seth p. Smith, President^ 23 Court St., Boston, Mass. 
E. H. Newbegin, Sec' y and Treas., Brunswick, Me. 


O. P. Bai<dwin, President, Baltimore, Md. 
Ai,EX M. Rich, Sec'y and Treas,, Reisterstown, Md. 


Hon. Willis S. Paine, President, 50 Wall St., New York. 

Charles D. Marvin, Sec'y and Treas., 18 Wall St., New^ York. 

Benj. Douglass, Jr., Chairman Ex. Com., 314 Broadway, New York 


Wm. R Northwav, President, Chicago, 111. 
W. C. Hawley, Sec'y, Room 549, "The Rookery," Chicago, IlL 


Hon. Daniel N. Lockwood, President, Bufifalo, N. Y. 
Henry Chace, Secy and Treas., 36 Niagara St., Bufialo, N. Y. 


UOL. UI. JUNE, 1890. UO. 8. 


About the year 1779 a naval force under command of Ad- 
miral John Arbuthnot, B. N., sailed from England to take part 
in the war with the American Colonies. William Green accom- 
panied the expedition as secretary to the Admiral. During the 
period of their service the fleet were for some time anchored in 
the harbor of Newport, R. I., and in the social interchange of 
courtesies which ensued between ship and shore, the young 
secretary chanced to meet a Miss Temperance Heatle}-, the 
daughter of a resident Scotch merchant. 

He was so ' * intemperately ' ' smitten by the charms of the love- 
ly American belle that he resigned his position, as soon as peace 
was declared, married Miss Heatley, and took up his residence 
in New York City. When in 1893 the couple were returning 
from a voyae:e to England, and while the good ship was brave- 
ly buffeting the rough waves of the Atlantic Mrs. Green gave 
birth to a son, 

'*A thing too young for such a place," 

whom the glad and faithful father appropriately named after 
his old Admiral, *'John Arbuthnot." The son was, in due 
time, sent to school at Bordeaux, France. Long after, he told 
how here he saw the first Napoleon reviewing his soldiers. 
From school he entered a counting house in New York. After- 


ward he sailed with Captain Porter, U. S. N., as ''captain's 
clerk.*' Rejoining his parents and some brothers and sisters 
at Utica, N. Y., he married, in 1828, Miss Jane Dickson, the 
daughter of Thomas Dickson, Esq., of Dublin, Ireland — a 
lady of many estimable traits of character. Of their six chil- 
dren the second was the subject of this sketch. Andrew 
Heatley Green, who was born February 5, 1830. His early 
years were passed amid the delights of rural surroundings. 
At first his father's home was a brick mansion upon a plot of 
about thirty acres of land situated on the Mohawk River, and 
intersected by railroad and canal — the new wonder of the time. 
The place had many attractions for boys. On the Christmas 
preceding his sixth birthday, Andrew's father presented him 
with a handsome illustrated copy of **Robinson Crusoe in recog- 
nition of his ability to read. A faithful perusal of this book 
was followed, the succeeding summer, by an expedition of sev- 
eral school boys, led by Andrew, to discover and occupy 
Crusoe Island. The boys followed the road the first day and 
spent the night in a wayside bam. The discouragements of 
the second day dispelled all the visionar>' glory, and the boys 
were glad to return to paternal arms, and bear as best thej' 
might maternal reproaches and the mortification of failure. 

When Andrew was about ten years old his father removed 
to a farm, inherited from his parents, on the Mohawk river. 
Soon after Andrew began his preparation for college, in the 
Utica Academy. The principal, at that time, was George 
Spencer, a graduate of Union College. Andrew became warm- 
ly attached to him, and to win his approval, was one of the 
strongest incentives to exertion. At fifteen he was prepared 
for college. In the same year he was awarded a prize for 
speaking at the Academy exhibition — a volume of Leigh 
Hunt's ^^Imagination and Fancy." By Mr. Spencer's adxice 
Andrew was sent to Union. He passed the college examina- 
tion in July, 1845, but returned to Utica to continue the 
studies of the Freshman year at the Academy. He joined the 
Sophomore class at the beginning of the first term in the fall. 
To do credit to his former teacher he exerted himself during 


his first term to maintain a high standard. This he accom- 
plished reaching, the maximum grade. Afterward he some- 
what relaxed his efforts, and indulged more his inclination for 
the society of his friends and classmates. 

To give a picture of **Andy/' as he was familiarly desig- 
nated by his chums, I depend upon the memory of one 
of his dearest friends, who says, as he recalls him he was of 
medium height, a well-knit frame, erect as that of the pro- 
verbial Indian, head set well back upon the shoulders, and his 
bearing altogether the personification of dignity. His com- 
plexion was ruddy, his hair sandy, eyes a keen blue, peering 
from beneath somewhat heavy eyebrows. A whole-souled, 
straight-forward young man, honest and sturdy, beaming with 
intelligence and ability, affectionate and companionable, not- 
withstanding his manly dignity, which was not averse to 
joviality. He selected for his friends those who, with him, 
became the founders and subsequent members of our beloved 
and honored fraternity. Their history proves the wisdom of 
his choice, and is a fitting index to his character as a college 

His popularity was proven by his election as President of 
of the * 'Senate,'* a literary society of the Senior class. He 
was always a fairly industrious student, especially in the lan- 
guages. At * ^Commencement" he had honorable place, and 
his oration on * 'Consecrated Grounds'* possessed much merit. 
The year succeeding graduation he was elected to Phi Beta 
Kappa. After graduation he returned home for a short rest. 
In September, 1849, accompanied by his old room mate, Bro. 
Brown, he went south to teach for a time. Brown's destina- 
tion was North Carolina. Green stopped at Richmond, Va., 
and remained there about three months. While there he 
boarded at the same house with the gifted and erratic Poe, 
whose melancholy death occurred in October of the same year. 
He finally secured a school near Hillsboro, in Powhatan Co., 
18 miles from Richmond. Here, in a "log school house," he 
taught about twenty-five pupils. His situation was pleasant 
and the people friendly and hospitable. Before the year was 


quite completed he suffered from a severe attack of typhoid 
fever. Upon recovering he declined their strong appeals to 
remain a second year, owing to his earnest desire to begin at 
once the study of law. On his way home he stopped at New 
York to visit his brother chum, William Hyslop, as it proved, 
for the last time. It was a delightful reunion. The year 185 1 
was devoted to study in the law office of Spencer & Keman, 
who then ranked as the most eminent law firm in Utica. Ad- 
mission to the bar followed the usual examination, which he 
successfully passed in 1852. Accepting a proffered partner- 
ship, a year was spent in the practice of law at Syracuse. Not 
satisfied with his prospects there, he returned to Utica early in 
1853. He was immediately elected City Clerk. He held this 
position only one year, owing to political change in the appoint- 
ing power. He read the declaration of independence at the* 
city celebration July 4, 1853. In August, 1854, he received 
from Commodore William Merwin, U. S. N., the unsolicited 
appointment of ** Commodore's Secretary and Judge Advocate 
of Courts Martial'* in the Pacific Squadron. He sailed on the 
flagship Independence from New York in September for Rio 
Janeiro. The ship spent several months at the principal ports 
of Chili and Peru. At sea his time was largely devoted to 
study and general reading. When in port court martials were 
numerous. Although several officers of high rank were tried 
before him, the fairness of his decisions was never questioned. 
He was a great friend of the sailors. Whenever arraigned be- 
fore the court, if asked if they desired counsel, they always 
selected Green. After fifteen months' service he resigned, and 
leaving the squadron at San Francisco, returned home by way 
of Panama. In 1856 he took an active part in the Presidential 
canvass and stumped several counties for Buchanan. In the 
spring of 1857 he was nominated on the Democratic ticket for 
City Attorney of Utica, but suffered defeat with his party. 
Soon after he accepted an offer from a former Utica friend, 
Horace R. Bigelow, a leading lawyer of St. Paul, Minn., to 
join him in his practice. This was accepted, and he went to 
St. Paul. In September, 1857, he took charge of a party, in 


the interest of a land company, to locate a town site at Poke- 
gomah Falls, on the upper Mississippi. This expedition was 
fraught with many hardships and physical discomforts. The 
trip, however, was romantic. Some time was spent at an In- 
dian trading post. The journey was mostly made on foot or 
in the birch canoe of the aborigines. The return trip was on 
the frozen river. A few months after his return to St. Paul 
he was recommended to President Buchanan by Gov. Sibley, 
of Minnesota, and Horatio Seymour the United States Sena- 
tors, Judge Denio, and many others, prominent public men of 
New York, for Judge of the Supreme Court of Dakota, in the 
event of the organization of that territory. The territory was 
not, however, organized during Buchanan's administration. 
In 1858 he formed a partnership at St. Paul with William S. 
Spencer, Esq., one of the firm with whom he had studied in 
Utica, and a lawyer of much ability. To this firm was soon 
added the Hon. John B. Brisbin, the most prominent advocate 
in the State. This firm did the most active and important 
business in the State until the spring of 1861, when Green 
withdrew and returned to Utica. He remained in Utica a year, 
when he was induced by his brothers, then residing in Syra- 
cuse, to remove to that city. One of these brothers, the late 
Gen. John A. Green, was at that time one of the most active 
leaders of the Democratic party in the State. A partnership 
was formed with John C. Hunt and the firm transacted a large 
legal business until 1872, when Green accepted an invitation 
from Judge George F, Comstock to enter into partnership with 
him and his son, George F. Comstock, jr. This partnership 
has existed ever since. 

Bro. Green was married December 31, 1863, to Mary, the 
eldest daughter of the Hon. Rutger B. Miller, of Utica, a gen- 
tleman of much learning and ability, who represented Oneida 
county in both the State and National legislatures, and whose 
father, Judge Morris S. Miller, also sat in Congress. Mrs. 
Green's mother was the eldest child of the late Hon. Henry 
Se^'mour, and a sister of Governor Horatio Seymour. Mr. and 
Mrs. Green have had born to them four sons and three daugh- 


ters, of whom the sons and the youngest daughter survive to 
bless their declining years. 

Since his return to Syracuse, Bro. Green's time has been 
mainly devoted to the assiduous practice of his profession, ren- 
dered necessary by the needs of his family. During the life of 
his brother above referred to, considerable attention was given 
to politics, but since his death, in 1872, less time has been de- 
voted to it. He has several times been a delegate to the State 
Convention and sometimes the head of the city campaign clubs. 
For some years prior to 1883 he gave some attention to farm- 
ing, but not since that date. He inherited but a small patri- 
mony, and only recently came into its possession, by the la- 
mented death of his mother, Dec. 15, 1889. 

He has been an occasional contributor to the press. He 
lately competed for the prize offered by the New York World 
for the best general editorial. His article was classed, by the 
committee, among sixteen of the best, out of about six hundred 

As a citizen Bro. Green has always been held in high regard. 
No better proof of the confidence and esteem of his friends and 
acquaintances in Syracuse, where he has lived for so many 
years, than the fact that at present, as the treasurer of an asso- 
ciation in that city, he is the custodian of a fund of nearly one 
hundred thousand dollars, and no security has ever been re- 
quired, except that afforded by his own integrity. 

Reverting to Bro. Green's college life, we cite his experience 
and history as a Theta Delt : 

During his college life he roomed with Theodore B. Brown, 
another of the founders of the Alpha, and the two were warm 
friends while Brown lived. Samuel F. Wile, one of his first 
acquaintances, was a most genial and cheerful companion. 
Abel Beach, William G. Aiken and William Hyslop were also 
numbered among his warm friends, and formed the crowd to 
whose deliberations we owe so much. It hardly appears in 
whose fertile brain was created the original conception of the 
new organization; but as a continuation of the plans discussed 
in the little back room of old Union on that memorable May 


evening in 1846, Hyslop, Green and Beach were commissioned 
to consider and frame the constitution of the new fraternity. 
It had originally been intended to form only a society, entirely 
local, for mutual improvement by means of essays and debates. 
As the plan was further discussed the project changed in its 
character to the formation of a secret fraternity. The commit- 
tee had long discussions upon the name, constitution and 
badge. To Bro. Beach is due the name and motto. Much 
care and labor were bestowed upon the constitution, and for 
the admirable document which was finally evolved we are 
chiefly indebted to Bro. Andrew H. Green. It may be said of 
him he little dreamed that the document he was preparing was 
to be the guiding star of thousands who should listen and sub- 
scribe to the vows therein contained, or that he would live to 
see a brotherhood emanate from this humble beginning which 
should extend to **the uttermost parts of the earth." The 
regard in which Bro. Green was held by the other members of 
the Alpha can easily be inferred from the following extract 
taken from a letter received from Dr. Francis E. Martindale in 
reply to a request for information : 

" You ask of me some interesting college reminiscences of Andrew H. 
Green for your forthcoming history of his life. You scarcely seem to 
realize the fact that nearly half a century has elapsed since last I clasped 
the hand of the young man. whom of all others of the coterie of our then 
infant society, I regarded with pride in respect of his ability; with ad- 
miration in respect of his forensic talent; and a warm aflFection for him- 
self personally, as the possessor of the many noble traits and charming 
characteristics which had first attracted me. 

"Andy'* was of the same age as myself, and we were much more inti- 
mate than was usual in those days, as between members of different 
classes, even of the same society connection. I recall distinctly my re- 
garding "Andy's" judgment as supreme in its influence over my acts in 
all matters pertaining to the interests and welfare of the fraternity. 

I can from knowledge aver that Andrew H. Green is one of nature's 
noblemen. Perhaps this is not so much to his credit as to that of his 
immediate ancestors, in that it was bom in him. He could not help be- 
ing what his nature made him, — a man, every inch of him. 

"Andy" was our Society orator always, and it is with some satisfaction 
^at I am now able to recall one of the incidents connected with the occa- 
sion of the installation of the officers of the Beta charge, originally locat- 


ed at Ballston Law School, of which we were at the time very proud, as 
being Theta Delta Chi's first born; and the more so from our present 
standpoint, in the subsequent rapid growth of the fraternity. "Andy" 
was of course the orator of the occasion, and in his after-dinner speech 
he presented a bird's-eye view of the future of the Society, with her im- 
aginary offispring regarding with just pride, from their standpoint of the 
future, their "Alpha"-Mater at old "Union," the true mother of a noble 
progeny. Little dreamed he, or any of those present, of the actual 
growth to be attained by the progeny, or the speedy demise that was 
soon to overtake the parent organization." 

At the Convention of 1854, held in Schenectady^ Bro, Green 
was the orator and Bro. E. S. Carman was the poet. At the 
banquet following this Convention Bro. Green was the toast- 
master, and it is recorded that he was guilty of perpetrating 
several puns, one of the best being *The Theta Delta Chi, it 
will never need an Ode as long as it has^a 'Camian.' *' Bro. 
Green has been the President of the Central New York Grad- 
uate Association several years. At the last reunion, held in 
Syracuse February 21st, he presided, and the writer sitting 
beside him, wondered what must be his thoughts as he gazed 
upon the 3'ounger sous of Theta Delta Chi before him. How 
must his heart have swelled with honest pride in beholding 
the fruits of the tree of which he had helped to plant the seed 
so many years ago. 

Bro. Andrew H. Green of the present day is a man of 61 
years. He looks substantially as seen in the frontispiece, 
which is from a recent photograph. The writer sees him as 
one who has been a man among men, but whose years begin 
to tell upon his physical frame, while he yet shows the mental 
vigor of earlier days. The fates have not been so propitious 
as to allow him to spend his declining years in the bosom of 
his family, contemplating the valiant deeds done in the days 
that are past, but he must needs retain the harness and toil 
on. One would hardly believe, to look at him, that it were 
possible, but it is a fact that within a few weeks he has pre- 
pared a most exhaustive brief covering a very important law 
case, of which he has had entire charge. The most fitting 
tribute we can pay our brother is aptly expressed in the senti- 
ment attributed by the poet to Ulysses : 


" Old age hath yet his honor and his toil, 
Death closes all, but something ere the end, 
Some work of noble note may yet be done 
Not unbecoming men." 

Bro. Green is not disposed to let Bro. Beach carry oif all the 
poetical honors of the founders, but proposes, though he enters 
the arena late, to court the muse. He never attempted rhyme 
until Valentine's day in 1887, when the inspiration overtook 
him and he penned some verses to an absent daughter. Hav- 
ing come into possession of this Valentine we propose to run 
the risk of Bro. Green's displeasure by quoting it entire : 


*• Of all the girls, my own I count most fair, 
And this 'gainst all the world I will declare, 
Tho' few her years, (by few I mean but twelve), 
Such witching art as hers had never elve! 

Winning are all her ways, her temper sweet. 
For angels' selves she is comparison meet, 
The charm that most of all to friends endears, 
Is love — O may it brighten all her years ! 

So vouched my Valentine, when critics' eyes, 
Less kind than hers, aflfected to despise, 
'Tis said, ** She will but at it laugh, 
Or ask, mayhap, Is Papa clean-gone daff ?" 

But, whispers love, fear not. who knows but she 

Will think these lines, because they're penned by thee, 

Are better far than any to be bought. 

Or culled from book, e'en on Parnassus sought ? 

And so I'll send them straight away. 
By Cupid's swiftest car, if that I may. 
But O, for me what happiness 'twould be. 
Were I but near her, when she opens to see, 

Her Valentine. 

It seems quite ai strange fact that the two leading factors in 
our organization, each important in his particular sphere, 
should have been spared for so many years, while so many 
of the younger element among the founders should have been 
stricken down before their life work was apparently completed. 

All honor to the men *Svho builded better than thev knew.'' 


The two survivors of the noble band are still left to share with 
us the honors and joys of our beloved fraternity. In the nat- 
ural order of things they will soon be gathered home to their 
fathers. As they approach the portals of the Omega charge 
they can bear with them the cheering thought that they have 
erected for themselves a monument which shall last in the ages 
to come, and their names, together with the others, will be 
handed down from generation to generation as glittering jewels 
in the honor list of our noble order. 


It may not be generally known that there is still in existence 
a relic of great interest to the Fraternity — an old arm-chair — in- 
separably connected with the history of the ' * Alpha. ' ' Twenty - 
five years ago this cliair was regarded as a precious heirloom, 
and its custody was most carefully entrusted. by each departing 
guardian to his successor. This was done as long as the parent 
charge was in active existence. Upon the chair are inscribed 
the names of many of the early members, and around it are 
gathered the friendships and associations of those elder brothers 
in Theta Delta Chi. Its exact age is, at present writing, un- 
known to us, and we would be glad if each and every one of 
the old Alpha would send the Shield his recollections concern- 
ing it, giving, if possible, some account of its history and 
origin. With such data at hand, we may be able in a future 
issue to give our readers a complete description of this relic, 
its history, names of those who have officially occupied it, etc. 
It is now in the possession of Robert Payne, of Brooklyn, one 
of the last members at Union, who treasures it so highly that 
bethinks it must not leave his home. — Reprint of Vol, 3, No, 1. 

Elbert s. carman. 


E-i-BERT S. <??*',.•>.••• 

• i! ^lio: .;.']-»•• I". • * • . 
^ .- :•'••- :1 ' .1 uiv '*"!'!> I 

/• / .. Ill also t^' t ') 

: 'i' r •.•c«*u .1 th'^-^v: V. iu; I . 
•'iiiiu^.^ ^l r's of our ]iri]!'.ciii' v- ' 

f'.i.ur'.nl \il' 1, v:^vl noil \» 1.. .■ 
'.v'\.'l .iiiK^h eronua ',c!*./':" - = •. ' 
■/:•■ T» ii.uh \\"il^ !>» ofrmUr.r?'. ]••':: s.. 
!-.. -•l S. Cannaii was I'^ni ..- i .- r 

' »1 i:i Hp>^>kl>'i, and b(.ar<li.j- m o. ; •• \ 
:. He filtered Brcwii l'n'\ i-ltx " ' • i 
. :._rux S. 15at.., Kc. McW'.'/.c-r li. \. *• - K- \ ' , 

: .'V'^H-r, Men'ick GoldtlnvaiL, ..i ■. .:-. : ^ ••' ' :. 
•n;^' r^ of his own class. C««l W'r ! . *-. j... '. ,« !• 
i ' u<\ i'rankiin Hnn^n-. K .'. ' . *.-.•» \v 

•:;- H. Lincoln Rmv, ThoTim.s Sv, - ^ u • i, .i* 1: - 
: .T-- ;il men who^e nanK ^ ' • : <'i'li.;' i, .m ■.'»:. 
■miron* acto^ ' in the early 'i:'\- » ' tn^ .i vc'^iiv ^' » * 
. ;^c at ih.c tune an J wa-his \v ^f •'. f:  •.. '^ and coir; . - < . 
'•». :l. (V. Mviriaih. in a IctU" »m ^vi\ 'U 'l..!" , miv • 

. ••■;•* i".', .iwly w i\> ma Ik- him iu«»i.y ir.iu.i.'' ti iii^ !i .-^ <-<'^! <.'^(>- 

T«'<N>rt'CT liiiii a> I '.;r-.''f ^nH \\c"' pTopo-'ione-l \«»iJUi In f...'t. 

. >> ^♦■•" Is^'iuc. llv ninkfc'l as (Mic ol th. 'nie^t 1 x^kiii;^ men Mi C'>J- 

Itv .;*i.».ivs 'iixn^^ed in j^ood t' '^ . Tlii^. wiih >li^ pler^.-^ciiu '«t'r...L; 

•1 r<.'lh»ws})ip, made liiiii vc-iv jM)]>nia'- with lire '•)ilei:jc stn(ki:N. 

. '. <v> in l! • society onisi('(.*.' 

*"-r j^radnatini; I!r ^th(T Cannan\ llr^t vMitnre was in the 
' -ilesrile t^Iotl' and woolen l^n^i'ios, a> elerk for Alvinetln- 


Elbcrt s. Carman. 


'•;>r/;.': .-c  -" m1 ^ln'^il |'vrM)inls of lirotluT Carman b m-^ 

.•*■ i'l ^*'. jtit i.v-'ic- (H i'>\(r Sinri n. i.o a-hcjuatc ])Lr>,'r',l 

:; ' I- i \ •• ". '.( t"i ^^'ixcii t«"> the fKilc'^"..'^' nt !LI> i:i ,n \.!m» 

■. .-. r ' »■- tl'.'-ti .iii\ olIut in his jiarti.julnr hL-l.l, h•^>. li> 

I -1''* '.'.'•.— M ']L'('t»Ml ir.v'h h«. 11(0 'iijnii o'lr IrnU'i iiity, 

. ' .: ix.'i.'C'l h\ t\u j.;:'oat lovc )i^ h«ais tc Uu- ;\.i- 

• . '• ..f .1 ]'l als«^ to <. ich ii.Jivihaal Tl'.-ta I>i_U 

r '. . '•.■J'.''.L^'.'a niis-ion "f ^iio c^in'i,i> h'*iiit^ l^> iiv'.kf a 

*i* rcjo'tj -A lli.'.v' wiio ha^f !x.'cn, and ^:il] <jre. 

i . '.^ -^i.i's f;}'orr hrillianl a *^- t'-lla!:«':i, we ir '^' 'm- ]>ar- 

• t-., iTic'M^'- ^'':i«, .-arly into our cot^.-r!L- uic faiiious 

v.on.; nr' I, r"! 'i\'iv whi;.ii iht- t'litor of the Siin-iJ) 

• ^•'■\ :v'at-h ep'':«)ura.;er..*jiit sinoc b!> .siuiilen lannoh 

'  • ' .:h w'-l^r- oflVatLniUy jouniali'-in. 

•» S ('Trir.aii \va^ l:'>rn in lirmpslc a!. L. I., in tht 

ili> cailv t(liK'\tiou was olA'^iiicrl in a ]n*Lv:ile 

' ;•' I^v« ' kl\ n, and boardiag scho^J in >s\nv C.'i:.ani. 

H' » nt'-red I'n \\ n l"ni\''jr*<ity in t>>4. J"hn Hay. 

 ^ !'. / . ke.. McW'Plcr I^. Ncyt ^, K(:v. T,^ tiylu C. 

.' ^*^ : M'-riv'V r,i.](Jtliwail. and iltrnry O. M-'Tiani were 

' .•-•->; \\^ f,'v icla-;^. C</;. Win. I,. vSiono, lion. I^avid 

• i\ i'"*.!'rK.:ii Hii'*(''rf K -v. ^ it^o Tanner, W'ill'an'. U. 

- :.. L:n^«Mr^ k. X , 'i'homas Snn.'Ms and Henry r»n»ck- 

■- ;. 'n< •! \.::<'.>>e nanie-5 .'.:'.■ lainiliar as aiaoin:;- ilie 

"' lo in the early ''^:\\> u-* the Iril'-rnity — were p' 

r '" t'-i.e and \sert'his warm fri'Mids and con^p i uon'-. 

I 'V "'d :r:a::j. in a kttc I'f R'(vn.t'.. sa_\ > : 

.■ ^ ' .uv.ri relief'' iSi.i'.cc G; i; ;:■••'" S C. '"Tiirir. Hi. ^ n* ii 
- > ', w - iiK. i' hiin nuaiv JruMids^j^ lii-. (."r, l'< ii^scv 
.' \« ' '.a.i a . ' 'T'/L- .111(1 xvo'J ]M-njMjT'. ii)iir-<l w-nUi. In f.ii^t. 

^•: .', }\i t.:tP.'l1 .h «>tic' of tlK' 'iT^'si 1. )ok ' ii.Li .uicu ni eol- 
'\ ..'...^-cil 111 )^.'H)d tr ti . Tins, with )\]^ ]i!<\\sai/ 'hm:-ii,il; 

' .''Ji ]/ tpail'j \\ : y poi.ular with tlu- Ml'icf^e stmlcrts, 

«i'.: ij;-;- !*r :hi.T C'nnan's fir^t \'''nture wa> in t!ie 
!• tl. i:!./: w'K»h n iT^ine^s, a> j^lerk fcr A!»einethv 

ELBEnr s. Cai 


Although several short personals of Brother Carman have 
appeared in recent issues of the Shield, no adequate personal 
history has even been given to the fraternity, of this man, who 
perhaps, more than any other in his particular field, has by 
his eminent success reflected much honor upon our fraternity. 
This honor is intensified by the great love he bears to the fra- 
ternity per se, and also to each individual Theta Delt. 
The acknowledged mission of the Shield being to make a 
permanent record of those who have been, and still are, 
the shining stars of our brilliant constellation, we may be par- 
doned for introducing thus early into our coterie one famous 
in the editorial field, and from whom the editor of the Shield 
has received much encouragement since his sudden launch 
into the rough waters of fraternity journalism. 

Elbert S. Carman was bom in Hempstead, L. I., in the 
year 1838. His early education was obtained in a private 
school in Brooklyn, and boarding school in New Canaan, 
Conn. He entered Brown University in 1854. John Hay, 
Clarence S. Bate, Rev. McWalter B. Noyes, Rev. Leander C. 
Manchester, Merrick Goldthwait, and Henry G. Merriam were 
members of his own class. Col. Wm. L. Stone, Hon. David 
B. Pond, Franklin Burdge, Rev. Geo. Tanner, William E. 
Norris, B. Lincoln Ray, Thomas Simons and Henry Brock- 
meyer — all men whose names are familiar as among the 
prominent actors in the early days of the fraternity — were in 
college at the time and were his warm friends and companions. 

Bro. H, G. Merriam, in a letter of recent date, says : 

* I have a very pleasant remembrance of Egbert S. Carman. His genial 
and gentlemanly ways made him many friends among his college asso- 
ciates. I recollect him as a large and well proportioned youth. In fact, 
he was handsome. He ranked as one of the finest looking men in col- 
lege. He always dressed in good taste. This, with his pleasant bearing 
and good fellowship, made him very popular with the college students, 
as well as in the society outside." 

After graduating Brother Carman's first venture was in the 
wholesale cloth and woolen business, as clerk for Abemethy 


different varieties and sub-species of wheat upon each other. Of more 
immediate interest to the gardening fraternity will be the results of Mr. 
Carman's efforts in the hybridization of roses of various species upon 
Rosa rugosay of which there are now 250 distinct plants many of which 
will blossom next summer, and concerning which we shall have more 
to say in the next Rose Number of The American Garden. One of 
them (the first hybrid with R. rugosa ever produced, so far as known "i, 
has already been placed in the hands of a leading nursery firm for propa- 
gation and dissemination. It is named after his wife, ''Agnes Emily 
Carman.** The latest achievement at River Edge was the remarkable 
potato contest described in the January Garden, 

For a man who is so constantly before the public, Mr. Carman is pos- 
sessed of a singularly retiring disposition, as becomes a follower of our 
gentle art, and he is seldom seen at the meetings of agriculturists or at 
exhibitions. His life is in his work and his home, and only by contact 
with the man in his daily walk and work, can one learn the breadth and 
simple honesty of his character; the lack of ambition save to da good 
work; his indifference to public judgment on his acts, yet sensitiveness 
to criticism of his motives, and the charity of his feelings toward rival 
workers — ^which help to make up the sum of his nature. Mr. Carman's 
place at River Edge, N. J., is looked upon by his friends as both a real 
and an ideal home. Not that it is so large or fine as many that abound, 
or excels in number and splendor of its productions, like so many show 
places, but in the love and appreciation of country life and pleasures that 
are felt there. A new fruit or vegetable is not merely to eat, but gives 
enjoyment such as a picture or other work of art affords to many. There 
appears an idealization of everyday life, a perception of the beautiful in 
the useful, something of the kinship supposed to exist between human 
and inanimate nature in the early ages.*' 

Bro. Carman was married in 1873 to Miss Agnes E. Brown, 
the daughter of Prof. D. F. Brown. A daughter fiifteen years 
of age and a son of ten bless their home. Perhaps he little 
realized, when as associate editor, he wedded the lady of his 
choice, that he was taking to himself one w^ho would contribute 
so much toward the success and renown of her lord. It is a 
pleasant fact to relate that Mrs. Carman has always rendered 
material assistance in all his horticultural and agricultural 
work — at least in so far as the improvement of varieties is con- 
cerned. She also had general superintendence of his experi- 
ment grounds. Success must always attend such united efiforts 
as these. It is not surprising, therefore, that Bro. Carman has 
made an enviable record. What a beautiful thing it is to say. 


that a wife and husband work together thus, as if only 07te, 

and in such happy accord. None can doubt that this home is 

a happy one, 

"Two souls with but a single thought, 
Two hearts that beat as one."- 

Bro. Carman' is not personally known by many of the mem- 
bers of the fraternity. The reason for this is evident from the 
statements made in the article quoted. He is of a retiring dis- 
position, deeply absorbed in his life work, and his time is fully 
occupied. One fact, however, never published before, will 
explain the reason for his non-appearance at any of the fra- 
ternity gatherings of recent years. It is best given in his own 
words, taken from a personal letter : 

*' There is but one thing that deters me from taking a more active part. 
It is that an affection of the eyes obliges me. to keep away from tobacco 
smoke. It sets me wild. When I tell you that I have had fears that I 
would lose my sight, you will appreciate this.** 

Evidence is not wanting that the love of Theta Delta Chi 
bums fervently in Bro. Carman's heart. The lively interest 
he takes in all matters pertaining to her welfare, the delight 
he displays in the Shiei,d as the index of the prosperity of the 
fraternity, and the hearty welcome he accords to any Theta 
Delt who takes the trouble to hunt him out in his suburban 
home, all testify to his sterling loyalty. While it has never 
been the pleasure of the editor to meet him, a future visit is 
chronicled in our diary, and if life is spared, some day it is our 
strongest desire to visit, in his own home, the brother Theta 
Delt who to-day stands as the most noted horticulturist in this 
country. Mark it down, boys, on the roll of honor. We have 
many names of renown — ^none more worthy, in* every way, of 
our veneration. 

We take pleasure in giving our readers an elegant portrait 
of Bro. Carman in this issue. One look at it is sufficient to 
prove aU we have said about him, and will enable you to join 
in the assertion that he is one of nature's noblemen. We wish 
for him yet many years of prosperity and happiness surrounded 
by his loving family, in their delightful suburban home at River 
Edge. N. J. 



At last the Psi has a home of her own. On Saturdaj^ even- 
ing, May loth, the charge celebrated the complete occupancy 
of their new home, giving a complimentary banquet to the 
Alumni and the members of neighboring charges. The rooms 
and tables were tastefully decorated with the fraternity colors. 
Thirty-two brothers participated. Prof. James G. Rogers, of 
Boonville, presided, and the inimitable brother of historic fame 
John D. Gary, of Richfield Springs, officiated as toastmaster. 
Bro. Duncan C. Lee delivered the address of welcome in behalf 
of the active members of the charge, and a happy response was 
made by Bro. J. C. Hallock, of the Delta. 

The following toasts were responded to: "Our Fraternity," 
by A. L. Bartlett, president of the G. L.; **The Fair and 
Florid,*' by Charles E. Birch of the Delta; **The Beta 
Charge," by J. P. Van Dom ; *'The Epsilon Deuteron Charge/' 
by Frederic Carter, secretary of the G. L. ; **The Delta 
Charge," by C. C. Arosemena ; '*Our Charge Home," by F. 
W. Petrie ; "The Law," by A. R. Getman ; "The Press," by 
Edwin H. Millard; "Medicine," by Dr. A. D. Getman; 
"Theology," by C. W. E. Chapin. At a late hour, after a 
most enjoyable time, the house was declared duly consecrated 
to the fraternity use. The college yell was given and the ban- 
quet was over. The entire Grand Lodge was present as guests 
of the occasion. The editor regretted his inability to be 
there, owing to business engagements. A complete descrip- 
tion of the building, appeared in the Utica Herald, of April 29, 
from the pen of Bro. J. H. Cunningham, the able editor-in- 
chief, one of ?si's old members, and we reproduce it entire. 

The Psi charge of the Theta Delta Chi fraternity at Hamilton coHege 
has just completed its chapter house, and is now boarding in the elegant 
and spacious home. Altho' the youngest of the college fraternities' the 
Theta Delts have as fine a house as any chapter on the hill, altho* without 
it is plain and unassuming. It is located at about the middle point of 
Sophomore hill. The interior arrangement of the house is excellent 
The spacious halls, tinted in terra-cotta, have a very cheering effect upon 
those who enter the wide portal, and this effect is increased by the library, 
parlor and reception, dining and cloak rooms, which communicate with 


each other and the hall by large folding doors. These rooms are finished 
in oak, ash and maple. The parlor is finished in tints of cream, contrast- 
ing well with the green reception room opposite. The massive fire-place 
and mantel and the large bay window at the end of the dining room, 
with old blue as the predominant tint of the walls and ceiling, make this 
one of the most pleasant dining rooms. An easily worked elevator brings 
the room into close connection with the culinary department. At the 
end of the hall is a well lighted library, and adjoining a large sleeping 
apartment. Portieres and rugs here and there give the whole a home-like 
appearance. The oak staircase leads to the upper hall, into which open 
the apartments of the charge and the bath room. The third story con- 
tains the well arranged lodge-room and sleeping apartments. The base- 
ment has a finely equipped kitchen, finished in Norwegian pine and 
cherry, rooms for the matron and an airy cellar. The entire house is 
heated by hot air and is suppled by hot and cold water, baths and closets. 
The modem improvements are those of a city home. In the rear of the 
hoose a tennis court is being arranged for the use of the members of the 
charge. The Theta Delts certainly are to be congratulated upon the 
completion of so pleasant a home. 


The following list comprises the ten, who were the founders 
of the Gamma charge. Those in italics have finished their 
course and joined the silent Omega. 

Wilbur Palmer Davis, '52, St. Albans, Vt., since attorney 
at law, register in probate, editor St. Albans Messenger. 

Edward Daniel Atwater, '53, Burlington, Vt., since civil 
engineer, United States surveyor. 

Frederick Harley Baldwin, '53, Hinesburgh, Vt., since mer- 
chant and capitalist. 

Edward Judson Hill, '53, Burlington, Vt., since attorney at 
law, author HilPs Commercial Law Practice, Hill's Chancerj'^ 
Practice, Hill's Probate Guide, Hill's Digest, Illinois Reports, 
Chicago. 111. 

George Ditnon Kellogg y '53, Troy, N. Y., since attorney at 
law. New York City. 

Oscar Frisbie, '56, Willsboro, N. Y., since attorney at law 
New York City. 


Samuel Rice Henry, '54, Westford, Vt., teacher, (died in 
November, 1854.) 

William Worthington Gadcomb^ '54, St. -Albans, Vt., since 

William Smith, '54, Orwell, Vt.» since Paymaster U. S. A. 
with rank of Brigadier General. 

Rodney Smith, '54, Deputy Paymaster U. S. A. with rank 
as Colonel. 

No closer organization ever existed, no bond of union could 
have been firmer, more faithful nor more mutual than the 
friendship which bound these ten under-g^aduates together into 
a society whose existence was almost exoterically unknown, 
and whose name they unanimously voted never to divulge and 
whose existence was through them merged into ^ J X, as the 
Gamma charge. They organized this society at the University 
of Vermont, in 1851, and had determined to make and keep 
it the most secret of the societies, but when it became necessar>^ 
to increase in numbers and strength, this exclusiveness and 
secrecy had to be given up. Brother Kellogg at his home in 
Troy, N. Y., formed the aquaintance of Bro. William H. Merriam 
and a correspondence was opened which led to the granting 
of a dispensation to Bro. William H. Merriam and James 
Demarest, who came early in June, 1852, to initiate us. 
Merriam' s felicitous language on that occasion was this, *'We 
come," he said, **the sons of York from the Mohawk Valley, 
from the halls of old Union to the queen \allage of the 
Champlain Valley, to the University of Vermont. We bring 
with us a divinity panoplied by her shield, to whisper in your 
ears, — the ears of these Green Mountain boys here, the undying 
friendship and to prescribe the unfaltering courage, the unceas- 
ing labor and the unsullied honor which she expects from her 
votaries who alone are permitted to wear her emblems,'' *'and 
now gentlemen," he concluded, *'we are prepared at this 
twilight hour, between the shadows of the Adirondacks and 
the Green Mountains, in this Hillside village at the Lakeside, 
to minister at her mystic shrine." 

The ceremonies ended with a glorious banquet. The keen 


wit of a Merriam was fully met by that of our Henry who re- 
torted to the charge of our being Green Mountain boys, that 
*'the winter of our discontent was turned into joy by the ones 
of York/' 

Theta Delta Chi gave us the organization, means and oppor- 
tunities for outward manifestation which was needed. Ten 
borrowed badges were sent us by the brothers at Union and in 
a few days we swung out. No happier or prouder men ever 
donned **The Shihi^d.'' 

Edward J. Hili.. 

Chicago^ III.^ April 23^ i8go. 


This convention was general not representative. It was held 
under the auspices of the Delta, at Troy, N. Y., early in June, 
1853. AH the active members of both Alpha and Delta and 
Brothers Davis and Hill, Kellogg and Southgate of the Gamma 
were in attendance. Graduates were also participants in the 
exercises, the Beta was well represented though it then had 
become dormant. The brethren of the Delta entertained right 
roj'ally ; Brothers De Lacerda, Richards, Mason and Hunt 
were especially attentive to the brethren from other charges 
than the Delta. The banquet which closed the convention at 
the Troy House was a very distinguished affair ; Brother 
Merriam delivered a characteristic oration and Brother Kellogg 
a witty poem. Much routine business was transacted, the 
ritual was revised and improved and important standing res- 
olutions were adopted. To this convention the spirit of expan- 
sion, so to speak, which has prevailed in the d^ /i X is doubtless 
due. The general feeling which pervaded this convention was 
one of great satisfaction with the fraternity and an anxiety to 
have it extended by charges in other institutions of learning. 

E. J. Hill. 



The first meeting of graduate members oi & 4 ^ ever held 
in Chicago, and so far as known west of Buffalo, occurred on 
the evening of April ii, 1890, at Kinsley's. There were 
twenty -six present, and it was a gratifying success. As the 
President, William R. North way, A '53, was detained until 
late, Dr. Truman W. Miller, S '61, presided till his arrival. 
Seated at the table were the following brothers: William R. 
Northway, A '53; Edward J. Hill ^^'53; B. B. King^bnr>', H 
*57; Henr>' Newbegin, //^ '57; Dr. Truman W. Miller, £ *6i; 
W. M. Lawrence, K '73; George M. Lovejoy, -K *82; Dr. C 
H. Buchanan © '73; H. L. Sterrett, © '86; Ed. L. Case, 
'86; William A. Douglas, ^ '74; B. J. Wertheimer O^ '76; 
Hosea Webster, B *8o; Henry Longwell B '83; J. S. CoUman, 
P '83; Dr. H. F. Lewis, / '85; C. F. Thompson, / '87; 
F. P. Eldredge, 4> '88; M. A. Kilvert, / '89; J. H. Winans, 1'^ 
'87; Dr. C. M. Burrows, P" '88; C. E. Thomas, A'^ '85; J. H. 
Spengler, iV^ '85, W. T. Chandler, T '74; E. S. Hobbs,i/'74; 
W. C. Hawlev, A '86. 

The menu card was folded and tied with black, white and 
blue ribbons. It was plain and neat and bore on its face 
the simple legend, **Theta Delta Chi" 

Though ver>^ few of those present had ever met before, they 
were not long in getting acquainted, and a jollier crowd of 
Theta Delts never met. The vestal fires in our hearts, which, in 
some cases, had smouldered for long years, were again fanned 
into flame and we were college boys once more. 

After disposing of the substantial part of the repast, cigars 
were lighted and the scheme of organization as planned by the 
committee was carried out by the election of the following of- 
ficers for the ensuing year: — 

President, Wm. R. Northway, A '53. 

ist Vice President, John M. Clarke, A {')^ Chicago. 

2d " " Geo. P. Upton, Z '54, 

3d " *• Robt. Forsyth, J '69, 

4^^ " ** Henr3'Newbegin^'57, 

5^^ " " Dr. Tniman W. Miller' H '61, Chicago. 



t < 
1 1 


6th Vice President, H. L. Sterrett, 8 '86, Cincinnati, O. 


M. A. Kilvert, /'Sq, chairman, Chicago. 
W. C. Hawley, J '86, Sec'y, 
Rosea Webster, B '8o, Treas., 
B.J. Wertheimer, O^ '76, 
Dr. C. M. Burrows, P^ '88, 

The routine business was quickly disposed of, and in the ab- 
sence of a toastmaster the President called on the following for 

Brother Hill spoke in regard to the Gamma, its institution 

and history; also in regard to the fraternity at large during his 
college life, mentioning such well known names as Merriam, Kel- 
logg, Green, Beach, De Lacerda, Upton, Burdge and Mason. 
Brother Hill was present at the institution of the Gamma and, 
also, of the Delta, and was a charter member of the former. He 
said that the Zeta, Eta, and Epsilon charges owed their 
establishment to the Gamma. 

Brother Newbegin said that he had never risen above the 
rank of Vice President, and though he had been at various 
times Vice President of every thing from a debating society to 
a railroad, he considered the vice presidency of the Central 
Graduate Association superior to all others in the honor con- 
ferred. Brother Newbegin is the father of two Theta 
Delta Sons, and will be the grandfather of who knows how 
many more, so he deserves all the honor the fraternity can be- 
stow upon him. 

Brother Kingsbury made a few remarks about the Eta in his 
day. He came from Defiance, O., to attend the banquet and 
renew his youth. That he enjoyed the banquet was clearly 
evident. The fact that he was taken to be a classmate of 
Brother Hawley^s C86) shows that he found, in the fraternal 
association, that spring for which De Soto searched so long in 
vain. Theta Delts who are getting bald or grey, take notice, 
and go to the next banquet. 

Brother Winans was called upon to talk about the Gamma 
Deuteron, and gave an excellent report of that charge. 


Brother Webster spoke briefly and Brother Buchanan told 
how when abroad, and in trouble, his B ^ X pin had been the 
means of finding him friends and aiding him in many ways. 

Brother Hawley, Secretary of the Association, spoke of the 
many hearty and encouraging replies he had received in reply 
to the circulars and invitations sent out, and read letters of re- 
gret from the following: 

Rt. Rev. Mahlon N. Gilbert. Hon. William C. McAdam, 
N. L. Bachman, A. L. FuUerton and Clay W. Holmes. 

Brother Kilvert stated the object of the Association and tlie 
means to be employed, and, after some discussion, it was unani- 
mously decided to have another banquet as early in the fall as 

A telegram had been sent early in the evening to the 
Southern Association which was banqueting at the same time 
in Baltimore, and a telegram of congratulation was received 
from them. 

Toasts were drank to '^The Fraternity," **The Southern 
Association of Theta Delta Chi," *'The Shield," '*The Grand 
Lodge," '*The Golden West Association of Theta Delta Chi" 
and lastly, in silence, "The Omega Charge." 

After a few songs the company broke up at an early hour in 
the morning, and ever^?^ one present voted it a success, and 
wished for another meeting soon. One member said a few days 
after. "I haven't been so near being a boy in twenty-five 

The Central Graduate Association certainly has every pros- 
pect of success. It has over i6o names on its list, and though 
many are scattered throughout the various states of the North- 
west, there are about fifty in Chicago, and fifty now within 
twelve hours ride from the city. 

The committee which took upon itself the work of organ- 
izing the Association feels amply rewarded by the success at- 
tending its efibrts and by the interest shown in all quarters by 
Theta Delts, old and young. 

The Executive committee met May 2d, and perfected the 
form of organization. A constitution was adopted and various 


Other business was transacted. The thanks of the Association 
are due to Brothers J, P. Houston, A. Bushnell,V.G.Curtis,G. 
M. Stewart and the secretaries of the charges for the aid given in 
securing the addresses of the graduates. 

It is proposed to hold another banquet sometime next fall, 
and the regular annual banquet will be held in January of each 
year. It is hoped that every member of the fratenity in or 
near Chicago will try to be present, and will endeavor to in- 
duce all other Theta Delts of his acquaintance to attend, 

It is a matter of regret to those present that three members 
of the committee, who assisted in making arrangements for 
the meeting, were prevented at the last moment from attending. 
Brother Upton could not leave his editorial duties on the 
Tribune; Brother Forsyth was detained by pressing busi- 
ness, and Dr. Houston by professional duties. 


The seventh annual reunion and banquet of the New Eng- 
land Association was held on Thursday, April 17, at Young's 
Hotel, Boston. At a short business meeting before the dinner, 
the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Presi- 
dent, Seth P. Smith,Omicron Deuteron; Vice Presidents, Hon. 
Xathan F. Dixon, Zeta, W. S. Kimball, Delta, Hon. Charles 
G. Pope, Kappa, Rev. Henry C. McCook, Pi; Secretar>^ and 
Treasurer, E. H. Newbegin, Eta; Directors, Fred Packer, Eta, 
T. H. Sylv^ester, Lambda, M. M. Johnson, Kappa, G. B. 
Hawley, Theta Deuteron, F. W. Plummer, Omicron Deuteron, 
E. Dana Pierce, Mu Deuteron, S. A. Hopkins, Zeta, H. H. 
Shepard, Epsilon Deuteron. The management of the next 
banquet was given to Eta charge. 

At eight o'clock dinner was announced to the gratification 
of all. Immediately we marched by, two's to the banquet 
hall, fifty strong. After the divine blessing had been invoked 
by Brother George H. Spencer, the brothers seated themselves 
around the festive board and made a vigorous attack on the 


tempting viands spread before them. When the. menu had 
been discussed to the satisfaction of all, the smoke curling 
upward from the cigarettes provided by Brother W. S. Kim- 
ball, with his usual generosity, indicated that the physical 
man was in a receptive mood for the "feast of reason.'* Presi- 
dent Smith elevated his mass of avoirdupois to the perpendicu- 
lar and addressed the brothers. He referred to the prosperous 
condition of the New England charge, and extended the greet- 
ings of the New England Association to its latest addition, 
Theta Deuteron. At the close of his interesting remarks, he 
introduced Brother A. W. Grose, who, on behalf of Kappa 
charge, with a few appropriate words welcomed the brothers to 
the banquet collectively and individually. 

Although it was not exactly the season for the Aurora 
Borealis, we were treated to the scintillations of a part of the 
Northern Lights by the Poet of the evening. Brother George 
B. Chandler, of Eta. His subject was "My Penates,'* and 
the applause that followed was ample proof that his modem 
treatment of a classic theme had touched a responsive chord 
in the heart of his hearers. 

There was one incident in connection that gave cause for 
general regret and sorrow. On the menu card was the name 
of Rev. David Gregg, of Boston, as orator, but owing to an 
attack of nervous prostration, which had already made it im- 
possible for him to occupy his pulpit for some Sundays pre- 

vious, he was unable to be present. It was a great disappoint- 
ment to us, who knew the treat his eloquence would have fur- 
nished, and also to him, for he had been anticipating the oc- 
casion with considerable pleasure. It had been hoped that he 
might, at least, be able to look in upon us and extend his re- 
grets in person, but his inexorable medical attendant objected. 
and we had to receive them from the lips of another. 

The President then introduced the toastmaster, Brother G. 
H. Spencer, of Lambda, who with a few pleasant remarks, 
proceeded to dispense the post prandial diet. 

Brother A. L. Bartlett, President of the Grand Lodge, re- 
sponded for "Theta Delta Chi,'* and, in the absence of Brother 


Holmes, who was unable to be with us, for The Shield. 
Brother Bartlett's remarks were mostly of a practical nature, 
being in regard to prompt payment of G. L. dues and to finan- 
cially supporting our quarterly. He urged all the delegates 
present to see to it that their charges were not behind in their 

The next toast was of especial interest, as it related to our 
new charge, Theta Deuteron, and Brother Ensworth was asked 
to speak to it. He pictured most felicitously the vague and 
wandering state generally characteristic of babyhood, but 
showed that a Theta Delt babe was a most precocious infant, 
and that it had quite definite ideas of what a place in the ranks 
of Theta Delta Chi meant. That these ideas met with the 
hearty approval of all was manifested by vociferous applause 
at the close of Brother Ensworth's remarks. 

Brother Smith was next called upon to read the numerous 
letters of regret which had been received. Among them were 
letters from Rev. Henry C. McCook, D. D., of Philadelphia, 
President Smith, of Trinity college, Col. William Lamb, of 
Norfolk, Va., Rt. Rev. Mahlon N. Gilbert, Assistant Bishop 
of Minnesota, Hon. Daniel Lock wood, of Buftalo, N. Y., Hon. 
Xathon F. Dixon, United States Senator from Rhode Island; 
Hon. John Hay, Washington, D. C, Frederick Carter, Secre- 
tary of G.L., J.C. Hallock.Treasurerof G.L., and others. These 
letters were interesting and indicative of enthusiasm and 
spirit, and their reading gave renewed evidence of the interest 
Theta Delts retain for their fraternity after their college days 
are over. 

The Toastmaster then called up Brother Tower, Zeta, to re- 
spond to '* Unity in Theta Delta Chi-/' Brother Tewksbury, 
draicron Deuteron, to * 'The Ladies," and Brother Farnham, 
Mu Deuteron, to *'The Outlook for Theta Delta Chi in New 

As the hour was jgrowing late, the President called on 
the brothers to join hands and march round the table singing 
our Parting Song to the tune of *'Auld Lang Syne." Then 
after paying pur tender tribute of respect to the brothers gone 
before by drinking in silence to the Omega charge, we separ- 
ated with the feeling that the seventh annual banquet had been 
most successful. f. w. p. 

174 *^^^ SHIEI^D. 


The fourth annual reunion and banquet of the Southern 
Graduate Association was held at the Hotel Rennert, in Balti- 
more, at 9 P. M. April nth. In the absence of the president, 
Bro. A. M. Rich occupied the the chair. The question of the 
desirability of continuing the association was brought up for 
discussion. A number of letters were read from brothers who 
were unable to be present, all of whom expressed a strong be- 
lief in the good derived from graduate associations, and a desire 
that the Southern Graduate Association should be kept up. 
Those present were strongly in favor of its continuance. The 
following officers were elected for the ensuing year : O. P. 
Baldwin, president ; A. M. Rich, sec'y and treas. ; John H. 
Foss, Geo. H. Childsand Chas. B. Cassady, excutive committee. 

No further business appearing the meeting was adjourned to 
the banquet hall. President Baldwin officiated as master of 
the feast. A telegram of greeting was sent to the Chicago 
Association then in session, and a reply was received before we 
left the table. Thus by means of the electric current, though 
hundreds of miles apart, we were one in thought. The banquet 
was entirely informal, with no set toasts, — ^but none the less en- 
joyable. Remarks were made by Bro.'s Benj. C. Potts, Geo. 
H. Childs, J. Royston Stifler, O. P. Baldwin, A. M. Rich, 
Clay W. Holmes, W. R. McKuen, Wm. M. Coleman, H. H. 
Pitcaim, and others. Letters of regret were received from Col. 
John Hay, Chas. W. Curtis, Jas. H. Perry, Rev. Henr>' C. 
McCook, Rev. J. McBride Sterrett, F. L. Jones, Col. Wm. L. 
Stone, R. A. Heberling, Dr. Eugene L. Oatley, Hon. E, O. 
Graves and other. 

A vote of thanks was tendered to Bro. Wm. S. Kimball, of 
Rochester, for the remembrance, so familiar to all, of Theta 
Delt cigarettes. A vote of thanks was tendered to Bro. A. M, 
Rich, for his earnest and untiring work in behalf of the 
Southern Graduate Association. **The Shield'' was kindlv 
remembered and ever>' brother present not already a subscriber, 
added his name to the roll. One of the enjoyable features of 


the evening was the presence of Bro. Wm. C. Coleman, of the 
class of '58, University of North Carolina. Those who were in 
college and active members of the fraternity twenty-five years 
ago will remember the good old song book published in 18^8, 
Brother Ooleman is the author of some of the best songs in this 
book, and it afforded peculiar pleasure to sing these songs with 
their author. It was the first time in many years that Brother 
Coleman had been present at any Theta Delt meeting. He 
seemed to enjoy it and renewed his youth. It only needs some 
such occasion to awaken the old time love. It never dies, 
although with those who are isolated it is like Rip Van 
Winkle's sleep. The only regret of the reunion was that so 
many brothers missed the good time. The next banquet 
should have a larger attendance. 


The May number of Beta Theta Pi contains a communicated 
article entitled **A Plea for Honorary Membership." We 
quote the opening remarks entire. 

One is conscious of some temerity in venturing to discuss the question 
of honorary membership. It is a very delicate matter. Any proposition 
to depart, in appearance as well as in fact, from the time-honored tradi- 
tions of the fraternity will be sure to meet with the most virtuous indig- 
nation and violent opposition. Beta Theta Pi has always steadily refused 
to admit honorary members. But this prohibition — venerable with age 
aud sanctified by its antiquity — has not always been observed. Precept 
and practice have once and again run counter, and with the usual result. 
I am telling no tales out of school when I say that it is an open secret 
that some of our most useful and active members were initiated only 
under the broadest and most liberal construction of the "under-graduate" 
clause. So far as the fraternity is concerned, not harm but good has 
come of this. 

Other fraternities have made a like discovery. Sigma Chi openly 
elects honorary members. So, I understand, does Alpha Delta Phi. 
Whether Psi Upsilon is equally frank I do not know, but it is certain that 
some of her most distinguished members were received long after their 
undergraduate days. Witness Professor Goldwin Smith, who, in various 
reviews and in magazine articles, has done so much to counteract the 


harsh and mistaken criticism of Dickens, and to give the people of Eng- 
land and the continent an intelligent and a comprehensive idea of the 
American fraternity system. 

The writer goes on to state that a fair survey forces the con- 
viction that the process very generally exists, although subtosa, 
in most fraternities, — presumably as a fraternity necessity. 
First, because the * 'unsophisticated" will join the fraternity 
which has the largest roll of illustrious names, second, the 
more influential the ''fratres in urbe,'" the stronger the 
chapter. A possible solution is outlined. The motives 
prompting the selection of the two kinds are entirely difierent. 
The method of elections should be different. In short, the 
convention should elect the first class and the chapter the 
second. The sum of the article being a tacit defense of the 
system. The editorial on this subject reads thus : 

The "plea for honorary membership," which appears in the first pages 
of this issue, should provoke a prompt and effective discussion of an im- 
portant topic. If, as the writer of the article has found reason to believe, 
the rule of the fraternity against the election of honorary members is often 
broken, in spirit if not in letter, it behooves us speedily to correct the 
fault. The law should be either enforced or repealed. 

For ourselves, we do not know of any recent violations of the rule, 
direct or indirect. But we do know of two or three instances in which 
a chapter has longed, and longed in vain, to initiate, as an honorary- 
member, a college graduate who would be an honor and a cause of great 
good to any fraternity, and who would gladly enter Beta Theta Pi. Per- 
haps some of our chapters are lacking in ingenuity ; but we rather com- 
mend that simple, straightforward integrity of principle and purpose 
which stands fast by the law^s of the fraternity even at a seeming disad- 

In its last number the Shield gave an extract on this sub- 
ject with comments. Having a desire to promote the best 
interests of fraternity journalism the above extracts are given, 
hoping that it may stir up the subject, and enable the Shield, 
to present to the fraternity world, communications on the neg- 
ative side of the question. The editor presents a few remarks, 
and calls upon the brothers to respond, enlarging upon his 
suggested thoughts or giving original ideas. Beside being 
antagonistic to the first principles of fraternity organization, it 
is decidedly unjust to other fraternities— to take the world as 


a vantage ground and capture men of fame for mercenary 
motives. A fraternity founded in the seventies can not be ex- 
pected to have so large or noted a roll of honor men as one 
founded in the twenties. We admit that the older society has 
a decided advantage over the younger. Is it fair, however, for 
the younger to * 'search the world over'* in quest of eminent 
men, who, not having been able (?) to present attractions sufl5- 
cient while in college to be "invited*' — ^but who by latent 
ability, not then discovered, or by "dumb luck,". so to speak, 
have since become renowned; — and if any be found sufl5ciently 
weak-minded, to initiate them into their fraternity, to play the 
part of "stool-pigeons,'* to decoy the unwary freshman ? We 
assert that the most generous code of fraternity ethics must ex- 
clude such procedure. It is decidedly discourteous to the 
"honorable victim," and gives a false standing to the fraternity. 
If the "unsophisticated" could stop to investigate, he would 
discover that the Hon. Mr. Jones — who is set up as the stand- 
ard of excellence, which represents the fraternity in question, 
graduated in 1850 while the fraternity itself was not bom till 
1870 — a dead give away. The dates and names are mythical — 
to illustrate the point. The argument is general and the writer 
has reference to no fraternity in particular. This argument 
alone would decide the question without hesitation in the mind 
of any one who was disposed to have, equal regard for 
* 'fraternities" and "noted men" — on general principles of 
ethics — a sort of pan-hellenistic theory perhaps — but one which 
the editor believes — ^by whatever name it be called. Again, if 
the founders of any Greek letter fraternity were called upon to 
give the reasons for their organizing themselves, it would be 
discovered, that the prime element in each and every fraternity 
was the fellowship of college life — the fraternal union which 
results only from close banding together and constant com- 
panion-ship — like unto that of brothers at home. This is what 
gives value to a fraternity Connection. 

'• We live for those who love us 
For those we know are true/' 

IS a sentiment which graphically expresses the essence of fra- 


temity. It goes with us when we leave college, and abides 
with us so long as life lasts. No honorary member can feel 
this, therefore, he is not a brother, except in name — a hollow 

No false position will contribute lasting advantage to any 
fraternity. The * *frater-in-urbe" who has been regularly 
elected, and served during his entire college course as an 
active member — sometimes after graduation loses his interest 
and is not of material advantage to a chapter. Much less then 
would the "honorary frater'* aid the chapter, as he could not 
reasonably be expected to be enthusiastic. Other points might 
be made. The argument is not in defense of Theta Delta Chi 
as it is not her custom either "sub rosa" or otherwise, to elect 
or initiate any honorary members. 


The second annual meeting of the Western New York 
Graduate Association was held at the Hotel Iroquois in 
Buffalo, Friday evening, May 30th. The business meeting 
commenced at 8:30 p. m., with President Lock wood in the 
chair. The following brethren were present : General John 
C. Graves, ^'^ '62, Hon. Daniel M. Lockwood, *'A '65, Clay 
W. Holmes, '69, Jacob Spahn, X '70, W. P. L. Stafford. W 
'76, James Sheldon, 2 '77, Dr. Benj. H. Grove, B '77, Seward 
A. Simons, B '79, Dr. W. H. Chase, H '84, Henry Chace, H 
*86, Clark H. Zimmerman, ^ '87, J. O. Chace, H '88, V. 
Mott Pierce. / '88, William G. Preston, J '88, and J. H. 
Pardee, ¥^ '89. The treasurer made his report of the year's 
finances. It was resolved that twenty-five dollars be con- 
tributed to the Shield. The election of officers resulted as fol- 
lows : President, Hon. Daniel N. Lockwood; vice presidents, 
Jacob Spahn, Clay W. Holmes; secretary' and treasurer, Henry 
Chace; executive committee, W. S. Kimball, Seward S. 
Simons, W. D. Hoyt, M. H. Briggs and the secretary. No 
further business appearing adjournment was taken to the 
banquet hall. The banquet was much like all others, — a de- 


lightful menu; the card a neat folder decorated with the black, 
white and blue tastefully arranged; a hungry crowd; a social 
time, a number of old familiar Theta Delt songs, and to top off 
with the familiar remembrance of Bro. Kimball. After the 
last course had been set aside Bro. Lockwood, as toast-master, 
gave one of his slick oratorial talks and with a peroration 
fit for a better subject called upon the editor of the fraternity 
journal to speak to the * 'Shield." In response to **Our Frater- 
nity'* Bro. Spahn gave a sample of Rochester's most recent 
wit. Bro. J. H. Pardee responded to the "Ladies," and **The 
Beauties of the Niagara as Adapted to the Enjoyments of 
Theta Belts" was dilated upon by Bro. V. Mott Pierce. This 
sentiment was suggested by the invitation of Bro. Pierce for 
the boys to take a ride on the Niagara river in his beautiful 
launch **Diana." At 2:30 in the afternoon eight jolly Theta 
Delts accepted the thoughtful courtesy of Bro. Pierce and they 
had a lovely ride, returning just in time for the banquet. 
They were loud in praise of the ride, the launch, and Bro. 
Pierce. As all were in a mood for social talk no further toasts 
were proposed, but a general good time prevailed, and at a 
very reasonable hour the banquet was declared over. It was 
suggested that the next banquet should be held in Rochester. 
Every one present seemed to be in favor of the suggestion and 
it was left to the discretion of the executive committee. 


On the evening of March 21st one of the pleasantest and 
most successful gatherings of its kind which it has been our 
pleasure to record, took place at the Tremont House in Boston. 
Another star was added to our constellation and Theta Deuteron 
was bom to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Eight 
of her brightest students were initiated into the mysteries of 
Theta Delta Chi, and to them was entrusted the charter of the 
newly constituted charge. The entire Grand Lodge was 
present to assist the embassy — composed of Bros. Joseph B. 
Hall, E\ W. L. Rickets, K, and S. E. Whitaker. J, in the 


ceremony of initiating the following candidates as charter 
members : 

G. Burton Hawley, No. 7 Main street, Hartford, Conn. 

Horace H. Ensworth, No. 510 Farmington avenue, Hart- 
ford, Conn. 

Clarence E. Whitley, No. 231 Lawrence street, Hartford, 

Thomas H. Creden, No. 940 Broadway, So Boston, Mass. 

Francis C. Norton, Rockland, Me. 

J. Francis White, Waterbury, Conn. 

William C. Capron, No. 41 Willard street, Hartford, Conn. 

Frank H. Dorr, Great Falls, N. H. 

After the ceremonies attending the initiation were con- 
cluded, the President of the Grand Lodge delivered the charter 
and declared the Theta Deuteron charge duly established. 
The banquet table was the next point of attraction. Thirty - 
eight Theta Delt visitors joined the happy band and helped 
the Theta Deuteron to make their first banquet a success. 
Bro. E. S. Grififing, of Iota, officiated as toast-master. The 
following brothers responded to toasts : 

A. L. Bartlett, Seth P. Smith. W. L. Ricketts, J. W. 
Spencer, S. Saltonstall, J. B. Benton, G. B. Hawley, J. C. 
Hallock, H. D. Bullock, W. B. Mitchell, J. B. Hall and S. E. 
Whitaker. The following is a list of those present at the 
banquet : A. L. Bartlett, Preset. G. L., Frederic Carter, 
Sec'y. G. L., J. C. Hallock. Treas. G. L. From Kappa 
charge : W. L. Ricketts, F. W. Perkins, A. G. Randall. R 
T. Needham, A. P. Thompson, F. E. Kimball, H. J. Perr>', 
M. M. Johnson, Thomas Whitemore, F. H. Stephenson, F. D. 
Lyon, Stephen Rounds, A. W. Grose, J. B. Grose, C. G. Kipp, 
and W. S. Gray. From Epsilon Deuteron : CM. Robinson, 
Paul Sheafer, J. B. Hall and G. C. Worthington. From 
Lambda : A. L. Pitcher, G. R. Keene, F. R. Magee, J. H. 
Fuller, S. E. Whitaker, W. H. Hutchinson, W. R. Stock- 
bndge, J. N. Luce and J. W. Spencer. From Eta : W. B. 
Mitchell and J. F. Hodgdon. From Omicron Deuteron : 


Seth p. Smith and J. B. Benton. Iota : E. S. Grifl5ng. 
Zeta : H. D. Bullock. 

The Theta Deuteron has settled right down to business. 
They have secured rooms at 102 Pembroke street and are ready 
to receive and entertain their Theta Delt brothers. Although 
young they have fully absorbed the true spirit and bid fair to 
loom up as a bright star without delay. Long live Theta 


It seems to be the feeling of most fraternity men that 
their badges are to be dropped when they leave college. 
Various reasons are assigned for this notion, some of them sur- 
prising in the extreme. The most general one, however, is 
that it is not fitting for a man of business or a professional 
dignitary to sport a badge which savors of boyhood associa- 
tion. It is not the purpose of this article to cite the numerous 
excuses men make for laying aside their badges, as none of 
them are well founded in fact. The reverse rather is true. 
The presence of a fraternity badge which in itself declares the 
wearer to be a college bred man, is an honorable passport. 
The masses respect education, even though they do not possess 
it. Masonic and other society pins are so numerous that they 
are scarcely noticed except by fellow members. Fraternity 
badges, however, are so rare that they gain an added respect. 
It is not for this, however, that we should wear them. Re- 
spect for the fraternity you pledged to support even to the end 
of life is the first consideration. The presence of a society pin 
on a man*s person carries with it the acknowledged admission 
that its wearer possesses a regard for his fraternity which rises 
with his adv^ancement. It further declares that he is not 
ashamed of the companionship of his youth, and this silent 
testimony is of decidedly greater power than any vocal profes- 
sions of constancy which he may make in the absence of such 
token, of decidedly greater moment is it to the fraternity 


however. The average fraternity man makes a retard for him- 
self on the advancing scale. His fraternity pin associates bim, 
in the eye of the preparatory student, with the fraternity to 
which he belongs. If he stands well in his community, a feel- 
ing of respect is engendered in the mind of the unsophisticated 
youth, and when he enters college the evidence held forth by 
the "frateniity rusher" does not begin to have the same effect 
as the first impressions received from the "graduate wearer of 
the badge." Perhaps the graduates have never thought of 
this point. More assistance can be rendered to the active 
charges by its alumni in this one way than in all others. In 
addition to this, much of personal pleasure would be contri- 
buted to the graduates, which is now lost. How frequently is 
it the case that two men will be intimately associated in busi- 
ness for years without even dreaming that they have a common 
bond of sympathy. The presence of a badge would have con- 
tributed more to the pleasure and profit of such transactions 
than can be described in words. Many such instances have 
come under the editor's eye within the past year. If you have 
never thought of this do so now and resolve that hereafter you 
will never lay it aside for a single day. Wear it where it can 
be seen. Don't be ashamed of it. In your travels you may 
chance to meet a brother and the weary hours will become 
pleasant moments. 

«r ^rael^ate:^. 

Note. — This department we intend to make a special feature of The Shield, and 
to insure its completeness we desire tvery graduate to aid us by contributing such 
items of information — no matter how trimng they may seem — about members of the 
fraternity, the current happenings with themselves or their families, or matters 
affecting their interests, as promptly as they occur or come to their ears. We would 
like to keep au courant with and pleasantly mention every graduate member and will 
be glad to do so if our wishes are fulfilled. — Editor. 

Edward J. Hill, University Vermont, 1853, is senior member of the law 
firm of E. J. Hill & Son, 119 LaSalle street, Chicago. ^'Brother Hill was 
bom at Albion, Orleans county, N. Y., June 24, 1833; read law at Bur- 
lington, Vermont, from 1853 ^o 1855, and was admitted to practice in 1855, 
but was engaged in mercantile pursuits from 1856 to i860. He commenc- 
ed the active practice of the law at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in Jtme, i860, 
where he gained an excellent reputation as a wise counsellor, a skilful 
practitioner and a lawyer of persistency and courage. He was admitted 
to the Supreme Court of the state in August, i860, and to the Supreme 
Court of the United States in 1863. He removed to Chicago in June, 
1868; was admitted to the Supreme Court of Illinois in 1869, and has been 
in active practice at Chicago from that time." The Bench and Bar of 
Chicago says of him : Mr. Hill is a thorough lawyer in every department 
of the profession. His cases are always thoroughly prepared, and he 
always appears in court with the authorities at hand with which to sup- 
port his propositions. He is a good advocate, always presenting his case 
pointedly and in a comprehensive manner, and always makes every point 
his case contains. He is a logician of high order and is an effective 
speaker, either before a court or a jury. Mr. Hill is easy in his manner, 
affable and courteous, and bears the impress of a liberal education. He 
is a polished gentleman of fine personal appearance. He is of medium 
height, of stout build, and well proportioned ; has a high broad forehead, 
with black hair and sharp black eyes. 

He is a studious, industrious, patient lawyer, who has won a high rep- 
utation both as a practitioner and legal writer. In style he is terse, vigor- 
ous, apt in illustration, accurate and concise in statement, without repe- 
tition. He is the author of several works of great merit, among which 
may be mentioned his ** Digest of the Illinois Reports," which has re- 
ceived high encomiums from the lawyers and judges throughout the 
country." Brother Hill was one of the most active of the ten founders 
of the Gamma charge, which he in person with others represented at the 
establishment of the Delta and in the general convention of the Fratern- 


ity held at Troy, N. Y. , in June, 1853. By his counsel and correspond- 
ence he afterward aided in the granting of dispensations respectively to 
the Epsilon and Eta. 

Frederick Harley Baldwin, University of Vermont, '52, was bom at 
Hinesburg, Vermont, in 1830, and lived there until he died in 1870. He 
was a genial good-natured soul, full of wnt and dry humor. He excelled 
in English literature and the classics. He was a ray of sunshine in the 
Gamma. Brother Baldwin was its second presiding officer ; his firmness 
and easy manners made his administration of its afiairs very successful, 
during which to be absent from a communication was never thought of by 
any of its members. The Gamma had a banquet on his installation at 
which he opened the exercises by the Latin sentence, ^^Nunc tefnpus est 
corpora curator.'' To all at U. V. M. this was as brimful of fun as well 
as of meaning, for one morning in the spring of his Freshman year while 
the class were reading Livy, at recitation, which occured during the hour 
after prayers, at sunrise and before breakfast it came Brother Baldwin's 
turn to read and translate. His section commenced with these words, 
**Nunc tempus est corpora curator^'' and as he pronounced them them the 
breakfast bell sounded and he translated, '* Now is the time for break- 
fast. ' ' The professor nodded assent and the class filed out to verify both 
the text and translation. Later on, at recitation he astonished the pro- 
fessor and the boj'sby apparently stumbling over the word ^/5r(7«5«/ where 
it occured in the text. His translation ran somewhat thus, " This man 
was the son of a patrician whose father was {bisconsul) two consuls. The 
professor grinned ; the class howled ; Brother Baldwin looked serene. 
The professor said " Try that again, **when Brother Baldwin, the grim 
humor twinkling in his eye, said, " Professor I can't get any other mean- 
ing out of bisconsul than that this man was the son of two consular fath- 
ers." With a hearty laugh the professor said **next " and the fun was 
over. At a public examination in Ancient History, to one of the ques- 
tions put, which was, "What became of Numa Pompillius ? Brother 
Baldwin, looking as solemn as a sphinx answered, " I believe he died." 
For some time after he graduated he traveled, then he accepted a position 
in a counting room at Chicago, which he relinquished to read law. He 
was admitted to the bar, but in 1857 accepted a partnership in general 
merchandise in his native village, with his father and an elder brother, 
in which he continued until his death. He alw^ays cherished a cordial 
welcome for everything relating to 6)AX. He was the most genial and 
popular of the ten founders of the Gamma. 

Fox Holdcn, Cornell '72, is Principal of the State Normal School at 
Plattsburgh, N. Y. He was bom at North Lansing. N. V., in 1849. 
Prepared for college at the Ithaca Academy and graduated in the course 
of arts at Cornell in 1872. He was at once chosen Principal of the Tru- 
mansburg Academy. In 1873 he became Principal of the Addison Acad- 


emy. In 1S75 he was elected Principal of the Ithaca High School and 
remained there five years. To-day the Ithaca High School enjoys the 
enviable distinction of being one of the first five academies of the State, 
a position due to the untiring efforts and ability of Bro. Holden. It was 
here "Prof." Holden "won his spurs.** In the midst of his school labors 
he studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1881. He became Super- 
intendent of the Plattsburgh schools in 1882, and has since filled the po- 
sition in every sense of the word. In 1883 Syracuse University conferred 
upon him the degree of Master of Arts, and in 1885 he was elected a 
member of Phi Beta Kappa at Cornell. He was recently chosen Princi- 
pal of the State Normal School. The Plattsburg press speaks highly of 
Bro. Holden and w^e would like to reprint the kindly notices, but space 

T. James Rundel, Hobart '60, was brought up in Bridgeport, Conn. 
After graduating at Hobart he entered the Albany Law School and grad- 
uated therefrom in the spring of 1862. In the fall of the same year, pa- 
triotism being stronger than law, he dropped Blackstone and raised a 
company, which enlisted and joined the famous Banks expedition. They 
fought in all the Louisiana campaigns and at Port Hudson. Later they 
were in the Shenandoah Valley campaign under "Phil. Sheridan." Bro. 
Rundel was in command of the 156th Regiment N. Y. Vol. Infantry on 
the memorable day when they were driven from their position. Bronsou 
Howard's "Shenandoah," as it is now being produced in New York, 
must carry him back very forcibly to the time when he struggled on the 
field, A few months later he took the regiment from Baltimore to Sa- 
vannah to report to Gen. Sherman. For a few months he had a separate 
command at Brunswick and Darien, Ga. He served as Judge Advocate 
on several important military commissions and courts martial. He was 
wounded at the battle of Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864. This laid him up 
for three months, the only time he was not on active duty for three years. 
Bro. RundePs domestic life was very happy. About nine years ago his 
loving wife was called to her eternal home, leaving a cherished daughter, 
who is now the consolation of his otherwise lonely life. Any one who 
may see fit to visit Bro. Rundel at his lovely home, No. 168 East 71st 
street. New York city, will receive a cordial welcome. 

Rev. J. McBride Stcrrctt, D. D., University of Rochester '67, after 
graduation studied at the Harvard Divinity School, and later at the Cam- 
bridge Episcopal Theological Seminary, taking the degree of B. D. in 
i$72. In 1886 his alma mater conferred upon him the honored title 
"D. D." After spending some years as rector of a church in Bedford, 
Pa., he was elected Professor of Ethics and Apologetics in the Seabury 
Divinity School of Faribault, Minn., in 1882. He still holds the same 
position. He was married January 20, 1876, to Miss Adlumia Dent, of 
Brookland, Pa, A little daughter has joined the angel band. Six bright 


boys surround the fireside, all being nurtured for Q S X. The oldest is 
now reading Caesar, and will soon be ready to take the vows. No greater 
evidence is needed of Bro. Sterrett's respect for and love of his chosen 
fraternity. He says he has pledged them all and believes they will make 
worthy members. Bro. Sterrett has been abroad three times, spending 
some time studying in Germany. He has written largely for church pe- 
riodicals and is the author of a volume entitled "Studies in Hegel's Phil- 
osophy of Religion. ' ' Bro. Sterrett still sports his badge not a whit less 
proudly than when first pinned to his breast He is building a home in 
Washington, D. C, and will move his family there the coming fall. He 
will still retain a lectureship in Faribault. 

Rev. W. S. Sayres, Dartmouth '76, is the rector of Grace Church 
(Episcopal), Montevideo. Minn. Bro. Say res has for the past two years 
been a missionary in western Minnesota. He is also Secretary of the 
Central Convocation, which includes Minneapolis and St Paul. Like all 
missionaries Bro. Sayres has given up the possibilities of " home com- 
forts," such as are possible in the Bast, to serve the Master in the Western 
wilds. An investigation into the private affairs of any missionary would 
probably disclose the fact that a little extra help would be appreciated. 
Theta Delta Chi is honored by having a large representation among the 
clergy, of whom quite a number are missionaries. We also have a goodly 
number of successful and wealthy business men, who are abundantly able 
to remember these struggling brothers who have sacrificed their all for 
the Master. We hope the wealthy brothers will see the point and make 
some ipissionary happy. 

Frank J. Kline, class of '69, entered Washington and Jefferson College 
in 1865. While there he joined the Pi charge of our fraternity. He left 
there and entered Sophomore at Lafayette in 1866. He remained only 
one term, but while here he laid the ground work for the Phi charge by 
inducing the present editor of the Shield to go over to Carlisle and join 
the Sigma charge. From the time he left Lafayette till about three 
months ago not a word was ever heard from him. Determined effort on 
the part of the writer has unearthed him, and Bro. Kline communicates 
the following : After leaving Lafayette he entered the Univeisity of Chi- 
cago and graduated therefrom in 1869. In 1870 he settled in Minneapolis. 
After spending a few years in civil engineering he took up the business 
of exploring and surveying pine lands, in which he is still engaged. He 
may be addressed at 803 Hennepin ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Rev. C. T. Burnley, Hamilton '73, is located in Hudson, Wis., one of 
the most beautiful towns in all the Northwest, twenty miles east of St 
Paul on the banks of Lake St. Croix. He is the successful and honored 
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church. If any of the brethren want a 
cordial welcome, and an opportunity, on their journey to or from the 
West, to hear a practical and eloquent sermon, let them stop off at Hud- 


son. Any hackman will put you down promptly at his door for a quarter 
and Brother B. will pay the quarter and supply lodging. 

V. G. Curtis, Tufts '66, is pleasantly located at Winona, Minn., and is 
Superintendent of Schools. He has held the position four years. Before 
he settled in Winona he was at Stillwater. Bro. Curtis' record as a school 
teacher and superintendent is one of which he may well be proud. He 
has served twenty-one years at the business. Five years in Ilion, N. Y., 
ten years at Corry» Pa., and two at Stillwater, in all of which positions 
he won the utmost confidence and high regard of the people. He first 
made his mark as Superintendent of the public schools at Stillwater, in 
the Northwest, which reputation he has gradually built upon until he has 
reached his present proud position, as one of the leading if not foremost 
educators in the West. We clip the following pleasant notice of Bro. 
Curtis from a Chicago magazine ; '*Oneof the strongest city superintend- 
ents of the West is Mr. V. G. Curtis, of Winona, Minn. Mr. Curtis comes 
frctm Pennsylvania, where he is well known by all the leading educational 
men. For several years he was Superintendent of Schools at Stillwater, 
Minn. The citizens of this place showed their appreciation of his ser- . 
vices in a very substantial manner, viz., by raising his salary, and that, 
too, more than once. The Winona Board oflfered him $2,500 — a sum 
j^eater than was ever paid to his predecessors. Naturally, the people of 
Stillwater were reluctant to part with him. Mr. Curtis is a very success- 
ful manager, a man of remarkable tact and of good judgment. The 
schools of Winona have never been in such excellent condition as they 
are now.*' 

C. W. French, Dartmouth '79, resides at La Grange, 111. He has just 
completed a life of Abraham Lincoln, for a series of men who were prom- 
inent in the civil war. The book will soon be published in New York. 
Every Theta Delt should read this graphic history. This sketch should 
make a popular name for Bro. French in the literary w^orld. 

Charles J. Humphrey, Amherst '89, is Land Agent for the Showalter 
Mortgage Co., at Wellington, Kansas, which position he accepted imme- 
diately after leaving college. Bro. Humphrey writes : "I am on the road 
a good deal, looking after land, land-sharks, ducks, geese, jack-rabbits, 
and coyotes, and enjoy the work first rate. I would advise any westward 
Theta Delt to buy a cheap home in the Kansas land of plenty rather than 
starve his wife and babies in a sod shanty on a claim in the Oklahoma 
country or Cherokee strip." He is much interested in the SniEiyD and 
hopes the "boys" will make it a success. Bro. Humphrey has done his 
share in good shape. 

A. H. Campbell, Dartmouth '77, Principal of the Normal School at 
Johnson, Vt, is now in Europe, accompanied by his wife, in search of 
health and information. He left New York March 29th, expecting to 
return July isL From London they will take a trip to Paris, then through 


southern France into Italy, visiting all the famous places. From Flor- 
ence they will take in the beauties of Switzerland, then down the Rhine 
to Cologne, then to Germany, where the German school system will be 
thoroughly examined. We wish them a delightful trip and a safe return 
to resume their accustomed duties. 

Warren Munger, Ken yon '58, resides in Dayton, O. He is one of the 
leading attorneys of his native city and has been for many years. 

Hon. E. P. Mathews, Kenyon '79, is a prominent attorney in Daylon, 
O. , and President of the city council. 

A. M, Heard, Amherst '88. is located at Arkansas City, Kan. He is 
connected with the First National ^ank, the third largest bank in the 
entire State, and one of the strongest financial institutions of the South- 

Ed. L. Case, Kenyon, '86, is a resident of Prairie du Chien, Wis. 
While in College Bro. Case was much interested in athletics, and he 
has not forgotten the sport. He does some sculling and has won several 
races in different regattas in that section. He writes that he meets ver>' 
few Theta Delts. The Chicago banquet was the first gathering of Theta 
Delta Chi he has attended since leaving College. It will probably not 
be his last. The Chicago reunion seems to have stirred up several 
brothers. Let the good work go on. 

Jas. C. Coit. R. P. I., '58, resides at Cheraw, S. C. He is engaged 
in cotton planting. Evidently the farmers of South Carolina are waking 
up to the fact that they entitled to be heard in the political arena. The 
Farmers' Association had an enthusiastic meeting at Columbia, March 
27th, and nominated state officers, demanding that they be endorsed 
Bro. Coit received a hearty and unanimous nomination for lieutenant 
governor, and we hope he will be elected. 

Major Peter D. Vroom, R. P. I.. '62, Inspector General U. S. A. is 
ordered to report in person to the inspector general of the army for tem- 
porary duty in his office at Washington on the expiration of his present 
leave of absence April ist. 

Frank H. McCall, Lehigh, '89, made a pleasant call upon the ^'Shield'* 
a few weeks since. He was bound for Topeka, Kan., to accept a position 
in the main office of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad. He is 
now at work and any of the boys visiting Topeka, which by the way is 
one of the loveliest and most progressive of western cities, should not fail 
to look up Bro. McCall. 

Dr. Francis H. Brown. Harvard. '57, of Boston. Mass., has devised a 
plan by which six deaf persons, who formerly heard nothing of the ser- 
mon, now hardly miss a word of it when they attend church. A large 
sound receiver stands near the preacher and branch speaking tubes run 
by way of the floor from it to each of the deaf persons. This is another 


evidence of the doctor's humanitarianism, showing his good works are 
not confined to the body alone, but include the mind as well. Who 
knows how far reaching his simple invention may prove. Clearly he is a 
benefactor to his race as well as a favorite in the fraternity. 

Clarence S. Bate, Brown and Union, '58, of Louisville, Ky, is a strik- 
ing example of the beneficial influence exerted by fraternity connection. 
A confederate officer in the late war, he was captured, tried by a court- 
martial for guerilla warfare, and sentenced to death. In the progress of 
the sentence to the President for confirmation, however, the papers 
passed through the hands of the Hon. John Hay, his old fraternity friend, 
Hho at once appealed to President Lincoln for Bate's pardon. A sincere 
regard for his faithful secretary caused him to grant it. The sentence, 
therefore, was never confirmed, and Bate is to-day a living evidence of 
Hay's warm-heartedness and of the value of fraternity in the hour of 
need. In College he was noted for the strength of his friendships as well 
as the depth of his enmities. Being of a passionate southern disposition, 
quick in resentment, he was sometimes led thereby into serious compli- 
cations, one of which came near having a tragical result. While at 
Brown, a misunderstanding occurred between him and another student 
named Williams, which led to a challenge being given and accepted, re- 
sulting in a duel. After exchanging shots on the field without injury to 
either, the seconds intervened and effected a settlement of the affair satis- 
factory to both principals. That the combat had a bloodless ending was 
due only to the seconds, who, in pursuance of a secret arrangement be- 
tween themselves charged the pistols with blank cartridges — a fact which 
when discovered by Bate long after made him furious at the deception 
practiced upon him. The affair naturally created great excitement in 
the College and become widely known through the press, resulting in his 
expulsion and departure for Union, where he graduated. At both Col- 
leges his warm generous nature won many close friends, who still remem- 
ber him with aflFection. We hope Bro. Bate may be induced to attend 
the next convention to be held in New York in November of this year. 
He will sec evidence of the warmth of fraternity regard which will amply 
repay him for his trouble, 

Geo. M. Brockway, Amherst, '89, who left College at the end of the 
sophomore year on account of ill health and has since been engaged in 
the study of medicine, received the degree of M. D. from the University 
of Buffalo at the recent commencement. Brother Brockway stood sixth 
in a class of fifty-two, and at the competitive examinations for internes 
at the Buffalo General Hospital was ranked first among the four success- 
ful candidates. 

C. W, Davenport, Lafayette, '81, is a resident of Erie, Pa. He has 
his full share of work, and yet he finds time to give some attention to 
his fraternity. If any one doubts Bro. Davenport's ability as an execu- 


live officer let him glance at the numerous important positions he now 
occupies and be satisfied. He is chairman of the Erie Car Works; Presi- 
dent of the Martel Furnace Co. ; manager of Davenport & Fairbaim, car 
wheel makers, and chairman of the American Fusee Co. Tally one fcr 
the Phi's business men. 

Charles William Curtis, Cornell, '88, is located in Washington, D. C. , 
at No. 925 F street, N. W. After graduating as a civil engineer at Cor- 
nell he returned home to find his father seriously ill. He traveled with 
him for several months in search of health without success, and in less 
than a year his death followed. Bro. Curtis was oflFered a position in 
the law firm of which his father had been senior member, and is now 
studying law to fit himself for this position. He will graduate from the 
National Law School this month. Bro. Curtis is one of the enthusi- 
astic band of Theta Delts. 

E. R. Morse, Cornell, '79, is located at Proctor, Vt. He studied law 
after leaving College and was admitted to the bar in 1882. He occupied 
a position with the Producers Marble Co. for about five years, then for a 
short time was private secretary to Secretary Proctor. He then accepted 
the position of assistant treasurer of the Vermont Marble Co. , located at 
Proctor, which position he still holds. He is also vice president of the 
Clarendon and Pittsfield Railroad Co., and a director of the Rutland and 
Tidewater Railroad Co. Bro. Morse is one of the highly respected 
citizens of Proctor. He has been honored with several town offices. 

Rev. Jas. F. Powers, Tufts, '61, was a deputy from the diocese of 
central Pennsylvania to the general convention of the Episcopal Church 
held last October in New York City. Bro. Powers* Church, (Trinity), 
Pottsville, Pa., has the largest communicant list of any in the diocese. 

Clarence J. Jenkins, Union, '59, has been a resident of St. Louis, Mo. 
for the past ten j^ears. He is engaged in the mercantile business. He 
takes great interest in beneficiary societies. He is a past regent in the 
Royal Arcanum. Past master workman in the A. O. U. W. Chancellor 
in the Legion of Honor, and a good loyal Theta Delt. 

William Macon Coleman, University of N. C, '58, of Forest\'ille, 
Md., while in College was freshman competitor, sophomore competitor, 
junior debater, and editor of the University Magazine. Di\'ided the class 
prize with Tom Mason, of Virginia. He graduated with second distinc- 
tion. After graduation he read theology at Princeton, and later at 
Columbia. S. C. He then went to Heidelberg, Germany, where he took 
a course in theology and philosophy, attending also a course of lectures 
in Paris. He then returned to his native land and read law with Chief 
Justice Pearson, of North Carolina, and was admitted to the bar. For 
two years he did newspaper work in Chicago, and later was editor of the 
Daily Standard, of Raleigh, N. C. In 1868 he was elected attorney-gen- 
eral on the republican ticket This position he resigned to accept a con- 


sulship in Europe. On his return he located at Forestville, Md. , where 
he has since been engaged in literar}^ pursuits. Bro. Coleman was 
the convention poet at Washington in 1858. He is the author of some of 
the most popular songs in the song book which was published in 1858. 

F. H. Wilder, Tufts, '86, after leaving College took Horace Greely's 
advice and went west. He engaged in the loan and insurance business 
in Milton, Cavalier County, North Dakota. He remained there until 
about three months ago when he removfed to Cavalier, Pembria County, 
North Dakota, where he is now located. He is agent for the Vermont 
Loan and Trust Co., of Brattleboro, Vt, with branch offices at Grand 
Forks, N. D., and Spokane Falls, Wash. It is evident that Bro. 
Wilder is respected in the community in which he dwells, from the fact 
that he was recently elected a justice of the peace. The genuine old love 
for Theta Delta Chi is easily recognized in the letter we publish in the 
correspondence department. 

Benjamin B. Kingsbury, Bowdoin, 1857, was bom in Temple, N. H., 
May 15, 1837, and fitted for college at New Ipswich Academy. After 
leaving college he taught Latin and Greek for a year in St. Charles 
College, St. Charles, Mo., then in St. Paul's college in Palmyra, Mo., 
where he had for a colleague. Professor Cone, now president of Buchtel 
college, Akron, O. After teaching for a time he took up the study of law, 
and graduated from Harvard Law School in 1862. The following year he 
went to California for his health, and remained at San Jose for two years 
practing his profession. He then went to St. Charles, Missouri, where he 
practiced for several years in company with Mr. Hess. Dissolved in 1870. 
He was circuit attorney for four years, then filled an editorial position in 
St. Charles for four years. Removed to St. Louis in 1876, thence to 
Defiance, Ohio, where he entered into partnership witli Bro. Henry New- 
begin. After a long and successful practice the firm dissolved in 1888. 
Since that time he has been alone and is now practicing on his own 
account Bro. Kingsbury's career has perhaps l>een somewhat unevent- 
ful, but he has always been successful in his practice. His domestic life 
has had its pleasures and sorrows. He married Miss S. R. Freeman, 
daughter of the Rev. R. Freeman, of Sandwich, Mass. They have had 
four children, one boy died at the age of one year, and a lovely daughter, 
.^nnie M., died at Akron, O., Feb. 12. 1889 — at the age of twenty, just as 
she was blossoming into womanhood. A daughter Bessie, and a son, 
Benj. F., still living, make up the affectionate household which now .sur- 
rounds him After thirty-five years experience, as a Theta Delt, Bro. 
Kingsbury testifies to his love for the good old times, they proving that 
the recollections of Theta Delta Chi are dearly cherished. 

A. Norton Fitch, Cornell, 1871, is pleasantly located at Tacoma, Wash. 
He is president of the Traders Bank of Tacoma. In the midst of business 
he does not not forget the associations of college days — and if any Theta 


Delt should stray far enough away from home to land in Tacoma, he 
would get a warm welcome from Bro. Fitch. 

Hon. H. W. Cory, Tufts, '67, is a resident of St Paul, Minn. He has 
been Judge of the Municipal Court in St. Paul, for five years and has a 
good prospect for at least four years more. He^till loves Theta Delta Chi. 
In a recent letter he states he has not forgotten the grip — which is a stand- 
ing invitation to any Theta Delt to call on him. He also states that St. 
Paul contains a considerable number of Theta Delts, who are all good 
citizens — ^good fellows, and doing well. It is quite evident that Bro, Cory 
is doing well. 

^ Hon. Geo. W. Long, Dartmouth, *79f is a prominent attorney of Troy, 
Ohio. He is one of the principal stockholders of the Electric Plant 
located in that city. Although a Democrat he was twice elected Mayor 
of Troy, which is a strongly Republican city, by a good majority. This 
fact proves conclusively that Bro. Long is highly respected by the entire 
community in which he resides, and is entitled to special mention on the 
honor roll of Theta Delta Chi. 

Lincoln Artz, Dartmouth, '88, was prepared for college by Bro. H. T. 
Kincaid and trained for the fraternity in his early days. He is now a 
meml)er of the firm of Artz Bros., wholesale and retail furniture dealers, 
of Dayton, Ohio. 

Walter H. Small, Dartmouth, '77, is just closing his eleventh year as 
principal of the High School, at Hudson, Mass. Owing chiefly to his 
exertions, the school has doubled in numbers, although the town has- 
grown but little ; an excellent library has been established in connection 
with the school, and an increased number have gone to college. Three 
have joined Theta Delta Chi, Brother Small is deservedly popular with 
pupils and citizens. He is president of the Middlesex County School- 
master's club. 

Rev. Geo. F. Pratt, Bowdoin, '76, formerly an Episcopal clergyman in 
Clinton, Mass., has joined the Unitarian denomination and is pastor of 
the church in Berlin, Mass. He is an enthusiastic Theta Delt 

Rev. F. W. Ernst, Dartmouth, '76, is very successful as principal of 
Dow Academy, Francouia, N. H. 

Frank T. Beede, one of the charter members of Omicron Deuteron. is 
living in Hudson, Mass., where he was formerly principal of the High 
School. He is engaged in the shoe business. 

Ralph E. Joslin, Tufts, '86. is engaged in the practice of law with hu^ 
father, in Hudson, Mass. He was unanimously elected to the school 
committee at the last town meeting. He is already one of the prominent 
men of that vicinitv. 

E^B. Lawrence, Tufts. '89, is sub-master of the High School in Keene. 



S. W. Mendum, Tufts, '85, is coining into prominence politically, as 
secretary of the United Question Clubs, of Mass. He is sub-master of the 
High School in Wobum, Mass. 

James G. Riggs, Amherst, '88, is principal of the Yates Union school, 
located at Chittenango, N. Y. He has just been re-elected for a second 
year with a material advance in salary — a most conclusive proof that his 
first year's service was entirely satisfactory. Brother Riggs read an able 
paper before the Onondaga Educational Council of school principals, at 
Syracuse, in April. 

C. N. Kendall, Hamilton, '82. The following from the Jackson Patriot 
of May 23, will be of interest to the fraternity : Yesterday morning C. 
N. Kendall, superintendent of schools of district No. i, received word 
that he had been chosen superintendent of the East Saginaw schools at a 
salary of (2,400 per annum. Mr. Kendall telegraphed his acceptance and 
tendered his resignation as superintendent of schools in district No. i. 
Mr. Kendall is a graduate of Hamilton College, class of 1882. Following 
his graduation he taught one year in Chicago and two years in Mil- 
waukee. In 1885 he was chosen principle of the Jackson west side high 
<H:hool, which position he filled with marked satisfaction for two years, 
being elected superintendent of district No. i early in 1887. The best 
evidence of Mr. Kendall as an educator is shown in the advanced position 
the schools of the district hold to-day — second to none in the state. 
Aside from Mr. Kendall's generous education and native abilities, his 
pronounced success as an educator has been largely due to his attractive 
personal mannerisms, which drew about him many w^arm friends and ad- 
mirers, both in educational and social circles. Jackson regrets losing a 
man of Mr. Kendall's worth but congratulates East Saginaw upon secur- 
ing him to superintend its large and excellent school system. His suc- 
cessor, in this city, has not yet been chosen, but whoever he may be he 
will discover the beneficent results of Mr. Kendall's labors displayed 
npon every hand, for the success attained in the west side school system 
is largely due to his untiring and discriminating care. 

C. S. Thatcher, Cornell, '78, has taken up his residence in St. Joseph, 
Mo. He is professor of mathematics in the high school of that city. 

V. O. Taylor, Tufts, '68, may hereafter be found on Monday, Tuesday 
and Wednesday of each week at room fifty. Times building, New York 
City, the remainder of the week being spent in his Providence office. 
The boys are cordially invited to drop in and see him on business or 

Edwin C. Frost, Brown, '90, will be a passenger on ' 'The City of New 
York." which sails for England June i8th. He will spend some time 
abroad. The date of his return is not yet fixed. 

Gonzalo dc Quesada C. C. N. Y., '88, who has been studying law for 
some time, has been secretary to the Argentine delegation to the Pan- 



American Congress and is now traveling with them in France. Bro. 
Quesada left on the Normandie on May 3. He goes with the delegation 
to France and Spain, and then to Argentine, expecting to retnm in about 
six months. 

Archibald Anthon, C. C. N. Y., '90, who attended the Annapolis 
Academy for a few years, is now taking the post-graduate course in 
electrical engineering at Columbia College. 

Charles A. MacDonald, C. E., R. P. I., '57, who is president of the 
Union Bridge Co., in New York, was recently elected president of the 
Engineer's Club, New York City. 

H. A. Gillis, Lehigh, who has been master mechanic of the Erie re- 
pair shops in Elmira since October, 1888, has just received the appoint- 
ment of master mechanic of the Delaware division of the Erie railroad to 
take effect June ist. This news comes just as we are in press and no par- 
ticulars are at hand. It will necessitate his removal to Port Jervis, N. 
Y., which will deprive the editor of his cheering presence. We rejoice 
in his advancement, as it is a high compliment to his sterling ability. 

Alexander L. Hollcy. A monument will be erected to the memory of 
Bro. Holley in one of the prominent parks of New York City. During 
his life time he was acknowledged to be the greatest steel expert in 


E. L. Peltier, has left Troy, N. Y., and is now located in West Superior, 
Wis., engaged in the practice of law. He says that West Superior is a 

rushing town. 


Bro. James P. Houston, of Somonauk, 111., was married on April 2. 
1890, at high twelve, to Miss Minnie G. Adams, of Sandwich, 111. The 
ceremony was performed in the Congregational Church at Sandwich, in 
the presence of three hundred friends and relatives. A reception at ihe 
bride's home followed the ceremony, with a bountiful collation and a 
shower of congratulations. The bride is a remarkably accomplished 
musician, brilliantl}' intelligent and highly respected by all. Charming 
in her manners and conversation she was a queen in society circles and 
will be much missed. The happy couple went to Chicago for a few days " 
trip, and on their return the doctor will settle down once more to busi- 


Bro. J. Royston Stifler, of Belair, Md., was united in marriage to 
^Irs. Wella Brownel, daughter of Felix McCurley, Esq., of Baltimore, 
April 17th. The ceremony was performed in St. George's P. E. Church, 
in the city of Baltimore. Among the guests were a number of Theta 
Delts residing in Baltimore, who presented the bride with an elegant sil- 
ver card basket on behalf of the Southern Graduate Association. The 
gift was voted at the recent banquet. 


The closing paragraph of the letter received from Brother 
Martindale giving recollections of Andrew H. Green, and 
which is quoted from in the history of Brother Green's life, 
suggests the following thoughts. 

Brother Martindale says : 

"I cannot remember having met my dear old friend and brother since 
our last parting on the platform of the Central depot at Schenectady in 
June, 1849, when with arms to shoulders, and right hands clasped in the 
once familiar grip, we bade each other a long and perhaps an everlasting 
farewell. God bless and have you in his keeping my old and well be- 
loved friend of the days of our youth." 

It is not difficult to imagine how great would be the joy of 
two such friends, who should meet after so many years separa- 
tion. The Shield suggests that our annual convention would 
be a great and crowning success if the old and honored mem- 
bers could be induced to attend. Already I have the promise 
of Brothers Beach and Green to be present at the next conven- 
tion in New York next fall, if their health will permit. Now 
if we can get them there, and Brother Martindale, and any 
others of the old Alpha, and Brothers Wm. L. Stone, Franklin 
Burdge and other distinguished representatives of other 
Charges, what a reunion we would have. The benefits would 
be double. It would bring together old men who had not met 
for years, and give them great joy among themselves. It 
would likewise bring large accessions of younger and zealous 
Theta Belts who have never seen the "honor men" of the 
fraternity, and would with much pride and joy clasp their 
hands and listen to their expressions of venerable love for the 
fraternity which has grown to such gigantic proportions since 
they left the field of action. What a convention it would be. 
Brothers can we not combine to make the forty-fourth annual 
convention the greatest convention ever held by the fraternity? 


It is certain that these dear aged brothers will be warmed in 
their hearts to receive an invitation from the Grand Lodge to 
attend, and judging from the response made to the personal in- 
vitation of the writer given to Brothers Beach and Green, 
every one of them will be overjoyed to think they are remem- 
bered by the fraternity, and put forth every eflfort to be present. 

We are indebted to E. J. Hill, of Chicago, for the history of 
the Gamma Charge, which is published in this issue. Brother 
Hill evidently received a full dose of "revival** from the 
Chicago reunion. Who says that reunions are not of benefit ? 
He pays Brothers Kilvert and Hawley a high compliment for 
the energy they displayed in the difficult task of getting the old 
graduates wakened up and as^mbled. We wish more of the 
brothers would emulate Brother HilPs example. He has de- 
voted much time to the collection of facts, pertaining to the 
Gamma Charge, evidently putting himself to considerable 
trouble in the eflfort. He has rendered great assistance to 
the Shield, and we hope the brothers will get as much enjoy- 
ment out of his contribution as it aflfords the editor to publish 

The day has come when chapter houses are a necessity. It 
is well said that * 'competition is the life of business.** It can 
as truly be said that chapter houses are the essence of frater- 
nity life. In the early days of Greek letter societies nothing 
of the kind was dreamed of. We were wont to congregate in 
the room of some favored brother to while away the hours of 
recreation. The chapter house oflfers many advantages. It 
admits of the cultivation of the domestic relation of brother- 
hood, which tends more firmly to cement the ties that bind us 
and in the years to come will prove a monument of enduring 
love. Much might be said in favor of, but little against 
chapter houses. The object of these remarks is to awaken the 
graduate brothers to the duty which devolves upon them. It 
will readily be conceded that in this age of advancement we 
must make progress or go into a decline. Chapter houses cost 


money. The boys who are the active members of any Charge 
cannot of their own resources construct such houses as will be 
a credit to the fraternity or themselves. They cannot depend 
upon parental resources for aid, as the fathers are not person- 
ally interested. We as graduates have, or certainly ought to 
have, an abiding interest in the welfare and prosperity of our 
individual Charges. We are as much a part of the Charge as 
the under-graduate members. We ought not to wait to be 
solicited by them to contribute, but instead we should take the 
lead. Some of us may not be in a financial condition to con- 
tribute largely, but we surely can show our desire to advance 
the best interests of the fraternity at large, and our own Charge 
in particular, by giving voluntarily our mite. We should take 
the matter in charge and build the houses ourselves. Some 
of our members are able to contribute liberally. Indeed a 
charge house could be built for almost every Charge, except 
the recent ones, by some one member, but this is not what we 
want. We should all share in the expense, and then the 
houses will verily be *'ours." Brothers we must have charge 
houses. Don't stand back in the gloom of unconsciousness, 
but start the ball rolling by making a good liberal subscription 
toward a house for your own Charge. 

It is with hesitation and after much urging that the letter of 
Brother Gillis is published. It is very pleasant to feel that there 
is a good brother in this vicinity who will drop in occasionally 
and cheer up the disconsolate editor. Do not imagine for a 
moment that the life of the editor is all sunshine. Far from 
it. Our enthusiasm occasionally gets a black eye which would 
dampen the ardor of a seraph. Smarting under the chilling 
encouragement contained in a letter just received, he is con- 
strained to let Brother Gillis have his way. Without further 
apology the letter is given in evidence : 

"Dear Sir : 

I really do not care to subscribe to the * 'Shield." 
I have been out of College so long, and am so taken up with 
work, that if I get the * 'Shield" I do not look in it. Have 


not looked inside the book since you sent it. I do not like to 
discourage you, but if you need the copy you sent me to send 
to some one else, I will with pleasure return it. 

Yours truly, 
May 7, 1890. " 

The editor is * 'taken up with work" too, and ventures the 
assertion that the major portion of the Shield is made up 

while Bro. is quietly sleeping away the memories of the 

ties which once aflforded the principal enjoyment of his College 
life. We do not hope he will be struck by lightning, but we 
sincerely trust that some day a match will be touched to the 
smouldering embers of his love. He has it in him. If he had 
allowed himself to read*the particular number of the Shield 
he thrust aside so easily, he never would have sent such a 

The editor desires to say a word to the undergraduates for 
which, if they adopt the suggestions, they will thank him 
twenty-five years hence, if not before. One of the things least 
thought of during college days is the preservation of corre- 
spondence and the record of daily incidents as they occur. Their 
value, at the time, is of perhaps little moment it is true — ^but 
in later years when the dear brother is dead from whom you re- 
ceived pleasant letters, they become of great value. You prize 
them because the hand that penned them only lives in the mem- 
ory of their pages. Memory becomes a blank as the years go 
by on the details of many incidents which you would give 
much to recall, but unless carefully recorded they cannot be 
resurrected. Then again the careful preservation of all these 
things is equally as essential. The writer's own experience is 
a case in point. I did preserve my correspondence and kept a 
faithful diary of passing ev^ents, but in the lapse of years, ab- 
sorbed in busness, I forgot them and in the ' ' annual uprootings 
incident to house cleaning" the domestic not recognizing any 
value in a lot of * * old letters and books ' ' has consigned them 
to the rag bag. Their absence might never have been noticed 
but in taking up the Shield my first need was for such records 



to * * take me back to college days. ' ' Nothing could be found — 
and memory alone serves — a very poor servant after being buried 
for almost twenty-five years in the cares of business, to provide 
material for the editor's quill. Boys keep a diary and preserve 
your letters and charge records. 

A letter from Brother W. C. Hawley, published under the 
head of ''correspondence,'* is a practical illustration of a dif- 
ficulty the editor of the Shield has noted with no small degree 
of regret. The Charges do not seem to realize the importance 
of the oflSce of corresponding secretary. One of the. best re- 
sults which a fraternity organization could accomplish would 
seem to be the inculcation of business principles, at least so far 
as the subsequent career of its members is concerned. *' Order 
is heaven's first law '* — ^a trite maxim truly. Its concomitant 
may be stated as follows : ** Promptness is the first principle of 
business " — a sure road to success. A Charge should be most 
careful in its selection of a corresponding secretary. Do not 
think it is an unimportant ofl&ce fit only to be saddled upon any 
one who is willing to take it. Pick out the one who is best 
fitted to take it, and then let the one who is honored with the 
office realize his preferment and take hold of the work as a 
matter of business. The outside credit and reputation of the 
Charge depends upon him. To-day some of our best Charges 
are dwelling under a cloud because of the neglect of their cor- 
responding secretaries. This is not as it should be. Boys brace 
up and do your duty. If you carry out a similar policy after 
yon leave college your life will not be successful. That you 
have other pressing duties is admitted. If they be so numerous 
as to deter you from attending properly to the duties of your 
office resign at once, and let some one else take the work. 

We are advised by Brother Frank S. Curtis, Mt, Vernon, O., 
that Theta's lodge will be sold next fall unless the graduate 
members come to the rescue and lift the mortgage. This must 
not be. Graduates of Theta, put your shoulders to the wheel. 
Do not wait to be appealed to personally, but send a good lib- 


eral subscription to Brother Curtis at once. With this debt 
lifted Theta can be revived. We should not lose sight of our 
old Charges. Better strive to re\dve and maintain them than 
to look for new worlds to conquer. 

Will Charge editors please note that the next number of the 
Shield will be issued September ist. so as to reach them at the 
beginning of the fall term. This number will contain the com- 
mencement letters. Will the editors please prepare their letters 
directly after commencement while ever>'thing is fresh in mind, 
and before the attractions of vacation absorb your attention — 
a result of which would be no letter. Remember that it is your 
duty to perform your part faithfully, or the Shield cannot 
maintain its high standard. 

We acknowledge with thanks receipt of numbers to complete 
our file as follows : 

No. I, Vol. I (1884) from Brother Thomas E. Rogers, Wash- 
ington. No. I, Vol. I, ('84) and No. 2, Vol. 2 (1885) from 
Brother Abel Beach, Iowa City. Also No. i Vol. Ill from 
Brother G. A. Porter, '91, Bowdoin. This completes our set 
excepting the old original No. i, i869andNo. i, Vol. II (1885). 
We hope some brother may be able to send the No. i. Vol. II 
at least. 

In order to avert the possibility of wounding the feelings of 
any brother, the editor wishes to announce that hereafter no 
article of any description will be accepted for publication in the 
Shield unless it has a direct bearing upon the fraternity. O- 
rations, poems or speeches, whether delivered at banquets or 
elsewhere, which do not pertain directly to th^ fraternity must 
be declined. This step is necessitated in order to be consistent 
with our policy as previously announced. Plenty of matter is 
at hand with which to make a full number and mych is left 
over for future numbers. We do not care for literary produc- 
tions, as we are not posing as a *' Magazine, "but simply as a 
fraternity news basket. If the brothers will kindly remember 
this, it will save us the pain of declining any article not in keep- 


ing with this policy. To come down to practical business the 
Shield is yet far from self supporting, and while the publisher 
is willing to bear the expense of anything which is '*Theta 
Delt *' he cannot spend his substance on that which belongs to 
the literar>' field. 

The Shield has, according to promise, given a more ex- 
tended history of the two honored sunnvors of our fraternity 
than has ever before appeared in print. Sketches like these 
are only obtained and prepared with much labor. It is due 
to those who have been instrumental by their personal work 
and influence in making our fraternity what it is, that there 
should appear in the published records, such a history as will 
perpetuate their memory and enable their good works to live 
after them. The Shield now proposes to introduce into its 
pages other names, some well known, others perhaps not 
familiar, but equally worthy of notice. It is not possible to 
take them up in the order of precedence. Several are in pre- 
paration. It had been our intention to present a sketch of our 
worthy brother. Col. Wm. L. Stone in this number, but lack 
of time has prevented its completion. We have been fortunate 
in being able to complete another, that of E. S. Carman, and 
take great pleasure in giving place to a brief notice of so worthy 
a brother. In the next number we hope to give a history of 
Col. Wm. L. Stone and Dr. Francis E. Martindale. 

A number of unseen diflSculties are encountered in the pres- 
ent issue of the Shield. Believing that it would be of greater 
interest to the undergraduates to have the number before the 
close of the college year, an entire change has been planned, 
and the dates hereafter will be March, June, September and 
December. This will give number two just pre\dous to com- 
mencement and number three at the opening of the college 
year. The appearance of number one having been unavoid- 
ably delayed by pressure of other business, scant time is al- 
lotted for proper editorial work on this number. Our exchanges 
have accumulated and no time can be given to a proper read- 


ing. Of a necessity, therefore, much desirable matter must be 
omitted which will appear in number three. At the present 
writing the first part of this number is in press, and no copy 
has been prepared for the remaining sections. The size of the 
number will depend upon the amount of time which can be 
stolen from other duties- during the week in which to make 
copy under pressure. How many pages can be ground out is 
as uncertain to the editor as to his readers. If you ate sur- 
prised at the shrinkage, temper your astonishment with the 
thought that it was not our purpose to cut down the size after 
having given so large a number, but duties crowd so fast upon 
the editor during the summer months that the numbers must 
be unequal in size, and in an exact ratio with the opportunities 
aflforded for this line of work. One hundred reading pages is 
the standard of the Shield. All under that number in any 
issue will be balanced by equal excess in the numbers of the 
current volume. If the total of a volume exceeds four hun- 
dred pages you will have received more than was bargained for, 
and be thankful in proportion. 

The Phi Charge will hold her twenty-third annual reunion at 
Easton, Pa., Monday evening, June 23d, at 11 p m. It is pro- 
posed to make this pre-eminently a reunion of the older 
graduates. Assurances have already been received that nearly 
all of the charter members will be present. If this mention 
strikes the eye of any member of the Phi Charge who has not 
already received an invitation, he is hereby informed that it is 
because his address is not possessed by the Charge, and as one 
of the committee of arrangements the editor is duly authorized 
to extend the proper invitation. He also urges you to drop 
busy care for a short time and join us in our eflfort to revive the 
old Phi love. Any Theta Delt who can make it convenient 
to be present is assured a hearty welcome. This will be a re- 
union such as the Phi Charge has never before experienced. 
Drop a note to Brother Frank W. Stewart that you will be 
there, and a glorious welcome will await you. 


The grave and reverend seniors as they go forth from College 
should not forget the Shield, Their subscriptions are needed 
as well as their influence. There seems to be a lack of per- 
sonal interest in regard to fraternity news. The Shield can 
disseminate news about the fraternity quickly, and anything 
which appears in its columns is sure to be seen by the broth- 
ers. It is our organ of information; and its pages are open to 
any brother who desires to express an opinion, or contribute 
anything of interest to the fraternity. It is a difficult task for 
the editor to do all the thinking and writing. He invites the 
brothers to take up any subject, more especially such as are 
suggested in the published editorial notes, and give his own 
opinion. Place would be gladly accorded to a dozen articles 
on the same subject. Let us talk freely among ourselves on 
matters possessing common interest. 

A letter from Brother A. M. Rich states that the brothers in 
Baltimore have concluded to make an effort to secure a club 
house in that city. It is proposed to get a convenient room in 
a central part of the city at a moderate expense, where resident 
brothers can congregate, and visiting brothers be entertained. 
To maintain such a room membership dues of $10.00 per 
annum will be charged. Subscriptions are solicited from 
brothers residing in the vncinity of Baltimore, and it is hoped 
that a sufficient sum be received to justify the venture. Com- 
municate with Alex. M. Rich, Secretary, Reisterstown, Md. 

The Shield approves of rooms in any city where it is possi- 
ble to maintain them. This is a day of chapter houses, and 
fraternity houses. How nice it would be for visitors to have 
such a place to visit and make headquarters. Business men 
knowing the address of such a club house could use it as a 
meeting place; have letters addressed there and in many other 
ways make it a convenience. We hope Baltimore will succeed 
and that other cities will take the hint and make the same 

^tt JH^ntoriftttt* 



Whereas, In the dispensations of Almighty God, our esteemed 
brother, Herman Bragg, of the Class of *73, Tufts College, was called 
from our midst, by death, January 23, 1890 ; be it 

Resolvedy That our Fraternity mourns that it has lost a true brother, 
and Tufts College a loyal son ; 

Resolved^ That we have a deep and heartfelt sympathy for all those to 
whom he was a dear relative or friend ; 

Resolved^ That these resolutions be spread upon the records of the 
Charge, and that a copy be sent to the family of the deceased, to each 
Charge of our Fraternity, to the Theta Delta Chi Shield, and to the 

{Melvin M. Johnson, 
A. G. Randall, 
Albert O. Thayer. 

Fraternity Hall, Kappa Charge, March 10, 1890. 

^ditoriar flo\e§ anel (Somments- 

Chapter letters seem to be a source of anxiety to the Greek 
editorial staiF just now. The current exchanges give consider- 
able space to the Chapter editor. Be/a Theta /^'devotes a page 
and a half to the subject, in which an ideal charge is made 
against the editors of the Greek press that Chapter letters are 
so polished by the editorial pen as not to be recognizable when 
they appear in print. He further states that he has been at 
times accused of writing Chapter letters which have appeared 
in his columns, and defends himself as follows : 

This we have not done, and will not do. The magazine of a fraternity 
should represent that fraternity to itself as it is. The ignorance, the care- 
lessness, the ecstatic self-satisfaction of a corresponding secretary is to be 
guarded against and corrected as far as possible ; but every chapter letter 
should show the character of the chapter from which it comes. The fra- 
ternity at large wishes to see each chapter in the natural light of day. 
We want no colored lights to heighten artificial charms, no posing for the 
admiration of credulous observers. 

This is the principle we have followed in The Beta Theta Pi. It is the 
only manly and honorable rule of conduct And as a matter of fact tlie 
chapter letters which appear in these pages are generally published as re- 
ceived, except in mere verbal matters. The care and taste with which 
most of them are prepared are a credit at once to the chapters and to the 
fraternity at large. 
The same editor in his exchange notes on the Shield says 

in reference to our charge letters : 

A chapter-letter writer feelingly states that "To write sensibly and at 
any length and say nothing is a natural gift, and not a talent that can be 
acquired." We may add that it is also a talent to be deplored, if pitilessly 

exercised. The letter claims so many honors and triumphs that 

we were successfully tempted to refer to the contemporary number and 
letter of the D, K. E. Quarterly, where we heard the very same exulting 
strain pealing in another key. The mystery of certain kinds of chapter 
letters is still veiled from us. It began in mystery and ended in mist. In 
meekness of spirit we gently hie away to "fresh fields and pastures new.'* 

The position of charge editor does not seem to be regarded 
of so much importance as it really is. If the best men for such 


work be elected, there would be no need for such comments as 
above. Most of the charge letters for the Shield are meritor- 
ious — sometimes they seem to be *' an unpleasant duty, " and 
the sooner they are over the better the charge editor feels. It 
should be the pride of a charge to elect its best man to the of- 
fice, and then he should take pains and great care to give a 
newsy letter, yet one worthy the charge, Such letters would 
not need the editor's retouch. 

Henry C. Brockmeyer, ex-Lieutenant Governor, is a keen observer of 
men and a reader of their natures. I have in mind an incident that I 
always recall with a smile. When Brockmeyer was Lieutenant Governor, 
John S. Phelps, the Governor, was taken dangerously ill His condition 
fluctuated from day to day. He would be reported at death's door one 
day and out of danger the next Coming out of the State House one morn- 
ing I met Brockmeyer, and saluting him, asked w*hether he had heard as 
to Governor Phelps* condition. He replied : * 'Not directly, but I observe 
that he is much better to-day. The indications are that he is out of 
danger." I looked my surprise and remarked interrogatively, ** indicat- 
ions ?" " Yes," he replied, " indications. As I came over to the capitol 
to-day I met a half dozen acquaintances who passed me with a * Good 
morning Brock. * Had the condition of the governor been at all critical 
they would have said, 'And how is otir lieutenant governor to-day. I 
hope you are well,' and all that kind of nonsense.,' — S/. Louis Globr 
Democrat, March 23 , '^ 

The incident noted in above extract concerning Brother 
Brockmeyer is too good to be lost sight of. It is vouched for 
by the good brother who sends it. 

' 'I want to thank you for the last number of the Shiel,d. It is a dandy 
and the ideal in my opinion of what the Shield should be. My wife 
took as much pleasure in it as I did, and we are both anxious already for 
the next number. ' ' 

This extract from the letter of an enthusiastic brother is a 
fair sample of a large number received since the last number 
was issued. If we did not ** build better than we knew '' it is 
certain that we printed many more pages than we intended to 
and put forth a standard which it will be hard to maintain. It 
was the original intention to have one hundred pages of read- 
ing matter in each number making a total yearly out-put of 


400 pages. This is much above the usual average of the Greek 
press. Two hundred pages will hardly be reached by three 
out of four. Perhaps three print loo pages each — and of this 
amount considerable is literary. The size of the Shield would 
be equal to the best, if loo pages only were issued. The only 
serious objection at present visible to the editor is the increas- 
ing cost, and the deficiency which would exist at the end of the 
year. The actual cost of each number would exceed the sub- 
scription price at the present rate. A number of the brothers 
in writing have suggested increasing the regular rate to $2.00 
per year for the next volume. If the support accorded is suf- 
ficient to warrant it, the size will be maintained at an average 
of 120 pages — with the understanding that the subscription 
price to graduates shall be increased next year to $2.00, If 
any one has any remarks to make against such a course, let 
him speak now or forever after hold his peace. It is no picnic 
for the editor to spend days and weeks of hard labor to get out 
"a dandy '* Shield, as the boys call it, and in the end find 
himself three or four hundred dollars in the hole. The fact is 
proudly recorded that the Shield has drawn forth liberal sup- 
port, and many new subscriptions. They are coming in nicely, 
but not enough are yet received to carry us through the year. 
Every individual Theta Delt should write to some brother who 
is removed from his friends and tell him about it. These are 
the ones who enjoy the Shield most heartily, and they quickly 
subscribe if they hear of it. The editor cannot do both. 

A bill granting to the survivors of the forlorn hope storming party at 
Port Hudson the medals promised to them at the time by Gen. Banks, 
has been passed by the United States Senate. The bill is now in the 
Committee on Military Affairs of the House. On June 14th, in the Port 
Hudson campaign, the Union assault was disastrously repulsed. Gen. 
Banks called for volunteers for a forlorn hope to lead the way in another 
desperate charge on that almost impregnable stronghold. A thousand 
men responded, were counted off into companies, were drilled a week or 
two to get accustomed to each other, bade each other good-bye, and then 
awaited the order to lead a charge from which few of them would ever 
have returned. Vicksburg surrendered, Port Hudson followed suit, and 
the necessity for the assault was obviated. As a mark of distinction to 


the men who composed the storming party, however, as an heirloom for 
their families and to keep alive among their descendants the sentiment of 
loyal devotion which inspired their fathers, the medals ought to be grant- 
ed by Congress. But the bill ought to be amended in one respect Medals 
should not only be issued to the survivors, but to the members of that 
daring band who are now dead, to be handed to their nearest surviving 

We insert this clipping to note that & J X was represented 
in this heroic band by at least one brother — T. James Rundel, 
of New York city. At this writing we have not been advised 
as to whether the bill passed or not. See graduate personal of 
Bro. Rundel. 

In an acrid discussion of "Pan-Hellenism" the editor cannot imagine 
what suggested the idea to the original projector, and asks what conceiv- 
able good could possibly result from such a move ? He thinks it would 
be as easy to consolidate the varying religfious sects as the fraternities. 
But perhaps the unsympathetic writer mistakes the object of Pan-Hellen- 
ism, at least as understood and favored by Beta Theta Pi. We have 
never advocated "consolidation," whatever certain other partisans may 
have in mind. A communality of high aims, and especially of friendly 
alliance in the use of the best means and methods of effecting the desired 
results, is about as much as we would care to insist upon. Is not the 
spirit of inter-fraternity life already greatly improved ? Shall there riot 
be still fiulher progress ? 

The above is an extract from Be^a Theta Pi Exchange com- 
ments on the Shield. Will the editor please amend. It was 
not intended as "acrid,*' but "forcible.'' We yield the point 
and confess our misunderstood position. As there was no per- 
sonality in the article it is a pleasure to acknowledge that 
"consolidation" had seemed to be a factor in Pan-Hellenism. 
No time had been devoted to past discussions on the subject, 
and supposing such to be the case, forcible arguments were 
given. If it be, however, that "a friendly alliance" between 
Greek-letter societies for purposes of the highest good and ad- 
vancement of all be the contemplated idea, then we favor Pan- 
Hellenism in so far as such alliance can be accomplished with- 
out destroying the individuality of the fraternities **per se." 
There are many things in common. The Greek press can be 
Pan-Hellenic, at least. We are open to conviction. If any 


Theta Delt would like to be heard on the subject, pro or con, 
send on your contribution. Do not leave the Shiei*d to speak 

The Shield is profuse of editorial dicta and comments, as every new 
editor's first issues usually are, and some old and new straw is vigorously 
threshed over, with profit and pleasure to all concerned, it is earnestly 
hoped. It is often a good thing for a somewhat laggard fraternity to 
secure a live, able editor, who has ideas and knowledge about matters 
and methods, and has force and fluency of expression, to stir and spur 
his sluggish brethren. — Beta Theia Pi Exchange. 

This would convey to the ^average reader that Theta Delta 
Chi has been, or is now, sluggish. With all due respect, we 
deny the implication, Brother Editor. We may have seemed 
to be sluggish, perhaps, occasioned by the fact that the fra- 
ternity journal had a weak and struggling existence, which 
was evident to all, not from lack of editorial ability, but finan- 
cial support. The editor did not possess sufl&cient ' 'gall' ' to talk 
'*turkey'' to the boys, both old and young. The present man- 
agement proposes to be heard, not in defence of itself, but 
of the fraternity journal. Hence the new life is noticeable. 
Theta Delta Chi does not boast her renown. We are pleased 
to know that we have our just share, and as one of the compo- 
nents of the Greek world are happy in the honor and renown 
of all other sister societies. We have not been dead or sleep- 
ing either. It has always been the policy of Theta Delta Chi 
to take good material or none. When such is not at hand we 
are forced into unwilling idleness, which is translated into 
sluggishness by the outside world. 

The Shiei«d unkindly repeats a malicious slur on the Beta chapter at 
the Indiana State University, and adds another tail to the smallish origi- 
nal kite by a gratuitous dissertation on fraternities that swell their ranks 
by admitting "castaways." — Beta Theta Pi. 

The rebuke is not merited, as no intention of unkindness 
was present. The desire to make a forcible point on admitting 
expelled members was our reason for making use of the extract. 
No custom will as quickly degenerate the entire Greek world 
as that of receiving members expelled from other societies. . If 


the facts as stated be untrue, then the extract is a slur and it 
should be ofl&cially denied. Not only the Shi^ItD but the 
journals of original entry should retract. The Shield will be 
glad to do so, if Beta Theta Pi can furnish the denial. 

Bro. Clarence L. Barber writes that he finds much in the 
Shield to interest him. We stated in the last number that 
he was at Los Angeles. This was an error. He is located at 
San Diego, Cal. 

Col. John Hay is a college bred man, fastidious in his tastes, handsome 
in appearance, with polished and fascinating manners, fond of society, 
and by marriage with the daughter of Amasa Stone, of Cleveland, ver>' 
wealthy and possesses three homes. His little poem, * 'Little Breeches,'^ 
made him a reputation almost equal to Bret Harte*s ''Heathen Chinee.*' 
— Philadelphia Saturday Review and Republic, Jan. /8, /8^ 

Possibly none of these items are new to our readers, but such 
pleasant extracts of so prominent and enthusiastic a Theta 
Delt will always find a place in the Shield. 

We are led to say a practical word to the chapter historian, suggested 
by the difficulty which appears to be experienced in the collection of data 
for the forthcoming catalogue. The duties incumbent upon this office 
appear but little understood, and when understood but indifferently exe- 
cuted. The position is an onerous one at best, and one requiring more 
patient, unrequited toil than any other. • But because the position is 
seemingly unimportant it should not be neglected. *   Another 
duty is that of furnishing the Quarterly with an occasional grist of alumni 
personals; but this would be a comparatively easy task if each chapter 
would furnish itself with a substantial book in which are enrolled the 
names of all initiates, a short biography embracing the salient points in 
each life, with a space left blank for the addition from time to time of 
items of interest, either in writing or in the form of newspaper clippings. 
With such a fund to draw from, Quarterly items would be easily fur- 
nished and the issuing of a catalogue a comparatively easy task. The 
idea has been effectively tried by several chapters, and we would urge all 
others to adopt some similar plan, as it will not only save much useless 
labor but will abundantly repay in many other ways the slight pains ex> 
pended upon it. — Extracts from Editorial in ^ F J Quarterly, 

These remarks fit Theta Delta Chi exactly. If in the past 
the various charges had given more attention to permanent 


records the building of a correct catalogue would havp been 
child's play. As matters now stand, by the time facts are all 
collated it will be necessary to go over the ground again to 
make corrections for the year's changes, or else issue an im- 
perfect catalogue. The Shibi«d labors under great disadvan- 
tage on account of the absence of such records. All items of 
news are gathered by personal effort, and no assistance has 
ever come from the chai^ges. Boys, keep a record. It will be 
valuable in the years to come. 

"Everybody will accept the following as an invariable rule ; Organi- 
zation increases the power of the elements possessed by the component 
parts of the organization. If those elements be evil, the evil influence is 
necessarily increased; if the elements be good, the good influence must 
be increased. This fact is axiomatic. No anti-fraternity philosophy can 
gainsay it." 

The aim then should be, first to secure such men as possess 
good elements; second, to educate the brothers whose tenden- 
cies are evil up to a higher standard of morality. Then no 
greater boon to mankind exists than fraternities. 

**Some time ago we wrote to our alumni asking them for their photo- 
graphs and sketches of their lives. We are hearing from them daily 
and are decorating our hall with the pictures, which will make a valua- 
ble collection when completed. Their biographies will be entered in a 
book kept by the chapter for that purpose. Nothing encourages a chap- 
ter so much as knowing that it enjoys the hearty co-operation of its 
alumni" — Exiriut from charge letter 2, X. Quarterly, 

Nothing could be so valuable to a charge as a collection of 
the photographs of its members. They would be of special in- 
terest to the alumni. Why not establish a rule that photo- 
graphs of every member should be deposited with the charge 
before leaving college. 

•*Shall Pi Beta Phi be literary or social, or both? Shall we be a 
sorosis or a fraternity ? 

Is the idea of making an effort to enter such schools as Wellesley, 
Vassar, and Smith a good one ?" 

The above questions are asked by the editor in the March 
number of The Arrow, It seems strange that the * 'sisterhoods' * 

212 TH£ SHIELD. 

have not already entered such institutions. It would seem 
that such a course would give them a standing not yet at- 
tained, or at least an independence and strength which cannot 
be felt while they exist only in mixed institutions. An 
elegant field is open. Seize the opportunity girls. 

The Senior class of Brown University has recently voted to exclude all 
intoxicants at the class supper to be held in June. All honor to the 
young men who take such a course, while state politics thrust liquor into 
every nook and comer of little Rhody. — Beta Theia Pi. 

This is one of the reforms which indicate true manhood, 
and the class or fraternity which emulates such an example 
challenges the admiration of the world. Good for the seniors of 

The difficulties of fraternity journalism arc probably what suggest its 
frequent discussion. 

The fact ihsX busy people are the only people who have time to do 
gratuitous work goes to prove that an enthusiastic editor, with no time 
to waste upon the reason why fraternity journalism is up hill work, is the 
only man who can make a readable magazine without money. — The 

Right you are sister editor. You must be one of that 
kind yourself. Misery loves company and the Shield hails 
you as a sympathizing worker. 

And, speaking of the failure of a Phi Kappa Psi to meet his fraternity 
expenses, and his consequent expulsion, the editor of the 2. X, Quar- 
terly says: — 

"If due accommodation had been extended to the member and he wilfully or negli- 

fently continued to refuse to pay his dues, we think this action was just and proper. 
he day has passed when Greek letter fraternities bore with dead-beats and financial 
parasites, for fear of exposing: themselves by expelling^ them. The fraternities are 
too strong^now, and have become too practical in their business methods, to support 
men who impose upon them by refusing to share the financial burdens necessary to 
sustain the chapter and the g^eneral fraternity organization." 

It is to be deeply regretted that all the Greek societies are afflicted oc- 
casionally with parasites who filch their way through the active years of 
fraternity and never think of supporting, financially, the institutions of 
the order. The names of such men should be presented to our annual 
conventions as abusing: the advantages of fraternity fellowship, and as 
the Sigma Chi advocates, should be met with immediate, public and dis- 
honorable expulsion. For this fraternity "barnacle," as he may be 
called, cannot have those qualities of mind and heart, the possession of 


which distinguishes the true Greek from the barbarian. Moreover, the 
man who fails to meet his financial obligations to his chapter, or the 
chapter which does not contribute its full share to the general fraternity 
expenses cannot, man or chapter, exhibit that loyalty and cordial good- 
will which are the guardians of the fraternity idea. 

Let us hope that within the borders of Phi Gamma Delta, the genus 
parasiius is nearly extinct and that a high sense of honor is the domi- 
nant spirit characterizing the fraternity we love." — ^. F. A, Quarterly. 

A man has no inherent right to absorb from others without 
gi\dng his mite. The college man who will not pay his frater- 
nity dues and promptly bear his just share of expenses, is a 
first-class man to be "dropped like a hot brick." Such a man 
will not reflect credit upon the fraternity when he leaves col- 

But in the matter of assisting chapters to occupy rooms and to build or 
rent houses, there is a broad field for philanthropic giving, pure and 
simple. Remember that when you contribute to a chapter house fund, you 
are honoring the chapter to which you owe much if not the most of the 
valuable traming which you received at your alma mater; that you are 
honoring' jour general fraternity, which is now beginning to be judged 
to a certain extent by the number of its chapters which occupy or own 
houses. Remember that you are doing the noblest thing that man can 
do, namely, the giving of your means that your fellow-men may be hap- 
pier, and that their youth at college may be of more benefit to them- 
selves, to their fraternity, and to the world. — 2. X. Quarterly. 

This sentiment is inserted for the benefit of the alumni. 
Fathers, brothers, don't forget that we were young once. Be- 
cause we were denied the advantages of chapter houses during 
our college days, it is no reason why we should leave our ac- 
tive younger brothers to shift for themselves. We have a vital 
interest in them. Thfcir success and prosperit}^ is the success 
and prosperit3'' of our fraternity. Shall we leave them to 
struggle alone, or put our shoulders to the wheel ? 

* • * We make a final appeal to the chapters, to the manhood of the members 
to help us with our enormous expenses, to pav the debt they have incurred to the 
QrARTERLY. The Quarterly is not publishea for charitable and gratuitous distribu- 
tion as many seem to think, but for the g^ood of Phi Gamma Delta, and the chapter 
who combats the progress of the Fraternity by lack of support to her organ certainly 
deserves a reprimand. Please accord us, our brothers of delinquent chapters, your 
immediate financial support." — Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly. 

The editor regrets that it cannot be said of the * 'Shield" 
that every charge has paid its share promptly. The fact is, 
several of the charges are behind. The "Shield*' has adopted 
the rule of requiring payment in advance. 


As many letters are received which are best communicated to the readers of the 
Shield in their natural condition, this department has been or^nized. letters are 
invited on any subject of interest to the Fraternity. Suggestions or opinions on cur- 
rent fraternity topics and reminiscences, or personal history of anv Theta Delt, will 
be welcomed. In the present issue we have inserted a number of letters to show how 
the Shield has been received. « 


Sangus, Cal., April 25, 1890. 
Dear Bro.: — Here I am in Southern California living in an engineers 
camp, enjoying the fine climate, and the tough beef, if you can call that 
enjoyment I have often heard the boys of Epsilon Deuteron kick about 
tough meat, but I am fully convinced that they do not know what the 
word tough means. However, if any one wants to learn the true signifi- 
cance of the word let him ^ry living in an engineers camp for a week or 
two. Our camp here is about 1200 feet north of the station of Sangus, 
where the road to Santa-Barbara branches off. It is in a large field of 
fox-tail grass, on the edge of a broad valley which extends for quite a dis- 
tance west Our nearest post office is Newhall, about three miles below, 
and we have a little canvass mail bag for the camp, which goes down on 
one train and back on the next. One afternoon a few days ago, I was 
busily employed working traverses, when one of the men came up with 
the mail. He threw me over a pamphlet forwarded from San Francisco, 
which turned out to be No. I of Volume VI of the Shibld. **The 
Shield," what a glorious emblem, and what a publication. I wish I 
could see you dear Bro. Holmes, and give you ^he dear old grip of 6 A A', 
for that last "Shield*' is simply a dandy. I was more than surprised at 
it, and I think it is the best fraternity magazine published. Vou can not 
imagine how happy I was to get it, and I spent the evening reading its 
contents, page by page. By the way, I should like to subscribe for Baird's 
new edition on College Fraternities, I had a copy of his last edition, but 
left it in New Haven for the boys when I left there. I am very happy to 
know that a charge has been established in the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, and when I am in a position to devote some time to it, I want 
to see one on the Pacific coast. From the present outlook, it will be 
about two years before we shall strike San Francisco again, for any length 
of time, for from here we move up into Oregon, and after that we shall 
probably finish the coast line, of which there are about 1 25 miles to locate 
yet I enjoy this rough kind of life very much, and like my work, so I 


have nothing to complain of. All I ask is to keep posted about the fratei^ 
nity and I will remain happy. I must go to work now, so shall have to 
close, with love. Ever yours in the bonds, 

L. C. Dubois, Yale, '89. 
Address, 4th and Townsend Sts., San Francisco, Cal., Room 79. 


Ei«MiRA, N. Y., May 15, 1890. 

Dear Bro's.^ — Brother Holmes is engaged in three occupations, mana- 
ger of the Elmira Advertiser ^ proprietor of Holmes' Fragrant Frostilla, 
and editor of the Shiei^d ; these I know of, and I should not be surprised 
if he had several other things to take up his time. As manager of the 
Advertiser he has all any ordinary man would care to attend to, and it 
keeps him busy early and late ; but he does not seem to know what it is 
to be tired when he talks or works for @ A X, and sits up until the "wee 
small hours' ' when, to tell the truth, he ought to be at home with his 
good family. He spares neither himself nor his purse in the good work, 
and so far it has been purely a work of love and honor, for I regret to say, 
there are a good many Theta Delts who have not subscribed for the 
' 'Shield, " and that some of the charges are very slow in their remittances. 

It is the duty and privilege of every good Theta Delt to subscribe to his 
fraternity journal ; and besides, once having done so, I feel assured it will 
be such a pleasure, as none willingly again forego. We have in the Shield 
the best printed and best edited fraternity journal I have seen and I hav 
seen nearly all of them. We should be proud of it, and lend every pos- 
sible aid for its support and advancement. Brother Holmes will do all 
that it is possible for any one to do ; but even he cannot make a success 
of the Shield, for any length of time, without the hearty co-operation of 
the brothers. I wish every Theta Delt could see him, as I have, coat off 
and hard at it ; yet, ready at any time to welcome a brother in the heart- 
iest manner. Brothers Frank and Fred McCall, and myself spent a very 
enjoyable hour with him a few nights ago, and I had the pleasure of pre- 
scribing for a hot crank pin, on the engine which runs his plant. 

The letters from the charge editors (when they write) are a very inter- 
esting feature of the Shield, and I always look anxiously to see what 
Bro. Beaumont has to say, and if he knew how much interest I take in 
his remarks, I am sure he would write regularly and keep us all well in- 
formed as to what Nu Deuteron is doing. Let all charge editors wake up 
for there are lots of others who cannot be with their charges, and yet are 
just as anxious to hear of them as I am to hear of Nu Deuteron. 

H. A. GiLLis. 

Chicago, III., May 9, 1890. 
Dear Bro.: — I wish through the pages of the Shield to extend my 
thanks to the corresponding secretaries of those charges which aided me 


in getting a list of the graduates in and about Chicago, for the Central 
Graduate Association of J X. I appreciate the trouble necessary to 
properly compile such a list from the charge records, and the extra time 
and work required when one is busy with college duties. In the majority 
of cases the replies which I received were prompt and business-like ; but 
there were two or three whose authors should learn at once the necessity 
of doing things in a business-like manner. To learn that "the only man 
from our charge who is in your vicinity is Jimmy Jones (no class given), 
and he is city attorney of L ' ' is highly interesting, but rather un- 
satisfactory if you find by the directory that Mr. Jones is nol city attor- 
ney and that there are just seven more James Jones' in that place, of whom 
two or three are lawyers. In this particular instance I happened to know 

that Mr. James H. Jones, charge, class of '85 was not not and never 

had been (altho' he was for a short time, over a year ago, in that office), 
city attorney of L , but that he is with a private corporation. Other- 
wise I fear Bro. Jones would not have known about the banquet in time 
to have attended it In writing to the Shield the initials of a brother's 
name should always be given. To read that "Bro. Smith is in business 
in Jayville, Mo.," doesn't insure Bro. Smith's receiving an in\dtation to 
the banquet ; whereas if the writer had taken pains to say, "Bro. W. J. 
Smith, etc.," it would have been easy to have reached him. 

From the two charges having the largest number of graduates in Chi- 
cago, I was unable to get any list whatever, and from one of them not 
even a reply. If one man is not able to properly attend to the duties of the 
office of corresponding sec'y, I would suggest the election of an assistant, 
to attend to the correspondence other than that with the charges, or perhaps 
to assist in that if necessary. I do not wish to find fault, but would call 
the attention of the secretaries to these things simply for their own good 
and the good of the fraternity. Again, thanking those who have so 
promptly and kindly assisted me in making up the list of graduates in 
this \ncinity, I am very fraternally, 

W. C. Hawley, 
Sec'y Central Graduate Ass'n S ^ X. 

Hallowell, Me., March 25, 1890. 
Dear Bro. : — ^\'our letter relating to the Shield was received during 
my sickness. Now that I am out of bed I hasten to reply and to send my 
subscription for the same. You will find that it is not the small amount 
of money asked for that causes the apparent neglect on the part of our 
brothers, but a lack of interest in and of itself. Personals, giving a his- 
tory of our brothers and their positions in business life, being made one 
of the leading features of the work, must cause a greater interest. We 
like to know about each other. Trusting you may have the best of suc- 
cess, I remain, Fred Emery Beane. 


Parbcer Vii,i,age, N. Y., April ii, 1890. 
Dear Bro. Holmes : — The last issue of the Shield was received this 
morning. It is grand ! Accept congratulations. Ivong live the Shield 
and its editor. Yours fraternally, 

Lewis Halsey. 

108 N. 4th St, St. Louis, Mo., March 20, 1890. 
Dear Bro. : — ^I can only say that I am as loyal to Theta Delta Chi as 
in the youth of my membership. I enclose I1.25 for the Shield and 
wish for it the success it deserves. Fraternally yours, 

G. M. Stewart. 

Fort Washakie, Wvo., April 25, 1890. 
Dear Bro. : — I received your circular and a copy of the Shield a day 
or two ago. I have seen but one Theta Delt in four years. Major Vroom, 
and would be very glad in this out of the way comer to hear of them 
through the pages of the Shield. I enclose a check for my subscription 
for one year, I am fraternally yours, H. G. Trout. 

New York, April 29, 1890. 
Dear Bro.: — Enclosed please find my check for $2.50 in payment of 
subscriptions to Shield, 1889 and '90. Please pardon the delay in send- 
ing it I have heard nothing but praise for the last uumber ; you have 
set a high standard and we look for great things in the subsequent num- 
bers. Very fraternally yours, E. A. DeLima. 

Denver, Col., April 28, 1890. 
Dear Bro. ; — ^Your sample copy of the Shield is before me, and with- 
out waiting to give it full attention I enclose price of subscription. It 
surely must be a credit to our fraternity. There was some talk at one 
time of publishing a directory giving address and business of our gradu- 
ates. If it was ever done and is not now too old I should be pleased to 
have a copy. I should also be obliged if you could give me the New 
York City address of "Ben." Douglas, who used to be a fellow member 
of the Phi with me. I guess you'll think I want considerable, but I 
haven't seen a Theta Delt for years, with the exception of Geo. Markle 
for a few minutes on his way west last winter, and would like to hear from 
and see some of the boys again. Very faithfully. L. P. Appelman. 

Washington, D. C, April 15, 1890. 
Dear Bro. : — It gives me great pleasure to enclose the accompanying 
draft on New York for I1.25, as a year's subscription to the new Shield. 
I have subscribed so often for the magazine, only to receive one or two 


numbers ^nd then have the excuse given of ''lack of support," that I 
had grown somewhat sceptical as to new subscriptions, but I know your 
publishing house to be a good one and I am pleased vnth the vigor with 
which you have opened the campaign, and accordingly make my little 
contribution once more. Candidly, I think the subscription price might 
be a little larger, as I think the work is certainly worth more. Wishing 
you all success in your enterprise, I am very fraternally yours. 

C. W. Curtis. 

Arkansas City, Kas,. April 14, 1890. 
Dear Bro. : — To say I enjoy the Shield and appreciate your efforts in 
its behalf is expressing it mildly. Find enclosed {2.50 for two years. 
Don't stop the magazine. Fraternally yours, A. M. Heard. 

Portland, Or., April 15. 1890. 
Dear Bro. : — April number of the Shield has just arrived. I am 
much pleased with it and feel confident of its continued success in your 
able hands. You will always have my best support. 

Geo. b. Markle. 

New York, April 18, 1890. 
Dear Bro. : — The Shield is a beauty and full of life. Yon should feel 
proud of it Returns from advertisement are already large enough to 
cover its cost. Yes, it pays to advertise. Fraternally yours, 

F. G. Patchin. 

Prairie du Chien, Wis., April 22, 1890, 
Dear Bro. : — The sample copy of Shield sent me was received this 
morning. I am very much pleased with it and enclose ji. 25 for one year's 
subscription. About forty of us met at a dinner in Chicago, April 14, 
and organized a Western Graduate Association oiS^X. It was the first 
gathering of Theta Delts I have been present at since 1866, and you may 
be sure no such time will elapse before I am present at another. My love 
for A X has always been strong but now it is stronger than ever. 

Yours fraternally, Ed. L. Case S '86 

Cavalier, N. D., April 17, 1890. 

Dear Bro.: — The April number of the Shield came to hand to-day. 

I am much pleased with it and hasten to enclose the subscription price. 

Would have done so long ago had the Shield been sent me heretofore. 

I am particularly interested in fraternity news, for although far away, and 


entirely outside of any influence socially from Theta Delts, and of the 
good times which serve to deepen and intensify the true spirit of love and 
enthusiasm, I still have all my ancient interest in the Theta Delta Chi. 
The Shibld to-day gave me many valuable and inteftesting bits of infor- 
mation about brothers I knew formerly, but had lost track of long ago, 
and also pleasant news concerning the welfare and prosperity of the Pra> 
temity at large. Although I have never attended any reunion of Theta 
Deltas, and hardly given anyone the grip since I left Tufts, nearly four 
years ago, I hope to be present at many reunions in years to come, when 
I can renew the love for Theta Delta Chi, which bums as brightly in my 
bosom as it did four years ago. Yours in the bonds, 

F. H. Wii^DER, K '86. 

Phoenixvii^le, Pa., April 24, 1890. 
Dear Bro. — ^The boys were wont to define glory as "being found dead 
on the battle field and having your name spelled wrong in the papers. " 
The April number of the Shiei«d arrived in grand shape and I am sure it 
mnst be a source of pride and pleasure to every Theta Delta Chi. I have 
enjoyed the perusal and with it the revival of old associations and may- 
hap the mistake of an initial " U" for "N" won't deprive me of the 
post of honor as a member of Sigma Charge. Wishing you unbounded 
success and the brethren never ending pleasure with profit to all, I re- 
main, yours fraternally, V. N. Shaffer. 

Bethlehem; Penna , April 12, 1890. 
Dear Bro.: — Have just received the April number of the Shield, and 
am delighted with it; it is *' a dandy *' and I hope that every Theta Delt 
will give it his support No brother who has the interest of the Fraternity 
at heart will fail to subscribe. With best wishes for its success I enclose 
you my subscription. Fraternally, Horace Luckenbach. 

Sharpsburg, Md., April 11, 1889. 
Dear Bro. : — I herewith enclose subscription price of the Shield for 
the sixth volume. The April number is particularly attractive to graduate 
members of 6 A X, and should be little less so to the active membership, 
who will naturally feel an interest in and curiosity concerning their pre- 
decessors. It is worth double the subscription price ; it is a mine of in- 
teresting fraternity matter. Very truly in 6^ A X, Chas. G. Biggs. 

New York, April 14, 1890. 
Dear Bro. :— I am in receipt of the Shield, improved and enlarged, 
and remit at once the I1.25 which is your due. The number before me is 

220 THE SHI£I«D. 

a revelation, connecting the past of thirty years ago with the energy, pro- 
gressive spirit and improvements of the present. This connecting link 
is, I am assured, if I have ever mistook it, the abiding friendships plant- 
ed in the hearts of young men, under the auspices of Theta Delta Chi. 
If ever in the struggle of existence, or in the environments of new sur- 
roundings ; or in the happiness of the home circle, I had seemed to have 
forgotten the early fraternal impressions of Theta Delt reunions and to 
have unconsciously approved those Shakesperean words, 

" Ceremony was but devised at to set a gloss 

On faint deeds hollow welcome : 

But where there is true friendship there needs none." 

I am now brought back to a full participation of my old feelings and for 
this I thank you ; the upholder of the Shield, and give you to-day those 
better words of Shakespeare, 

"And friendship shall combine and brotherhood," 

as to myself. It is hard for one to write his own biography, even if there 
was plenty of straw at hand to manufacture, and label himself the brick, 
properly gone through the fires of life's trials, and on exhibition without 
crack or blemish, but I feel braver in this company than in any other 
human society, for the knowledge that the Shiei*d of 6* J X is a synonym 
for the ancient mantle of charity. 

My dear brother thanking you for having brought me "out of myself '* 
by means of the Shiei,d, I remain yours in the bonds, 

T. James Rundel. 

Media, Pa., April 5, 1890. 
Dear Bro. ; — I enclose $5.00. Put me down as a permanent for the 
Shiei«d. There is a special attraction in its autobiographical department. 
Haven't had time to interview myself upon the interesting topic of my 
life, but when I do I will be glad to give you the result. Very truly, 

Benj. C. Potts. 


[All Fraternity magazines are requested to exchange with The Shiei^d. 
Two copies should be sent to Mr. Clay W. Holmes, Editor Shield, 
Elmira, N. Y. In return two copies of The Shiei^d will be sent wherever 
directed. — Ed.] 

*'The exchanges furnish one of the pleasant features of fraternity jour- 
nalistic life, but we sometimes wonder how great the value of the ex- 
change department may be to the average member of the fraternity at 
large. * * * To one who can read the various fraternity publications, 
the opportunity to check up statements of one by another is very valua- 
ble. It seems to be impossible to subdue and cover up the inordinate 
conceit and self complacency of the average fraternity correspondent, 
and contributor. It is a rare occurrence that both sides of the tale are 
rehearsed, the victory and the defeat, the success and the failure, the 
honors won in one's own circle and those won by others. Some of the 
journals succeed fairly well in dispossessing their matter of these disa- 
greeable characteristics, while others are reeking with them. They all 
bear close checking up by a rigid double entry system. We propose to 
inangurate a departure from the stereotyped exchange paragraph and 
occasionally insert a bunch of clippings under the heading "As Others 
See Us," which will contain the comments of correspondents of other 
conununities upon our chapters, their membership and condition. Many 
of them will doubtless be unfavorable and unpalatable, while others can 
but be favorable. Let it be distinctly understood that this section of 
The Rainbow is not to be a fighting comer, where rival correspondents 
are to try lances, and our own chapter correspondents are warned that 
they may often find the editor's blue pencil more fatal to this sarcasm, 
than the lance of their adversary. We do not believe in making The 
Rainbow a battle-ground, though it may be sometimes necessary as it is 
in the present number, to say, and say plainly and without varnish, very 
unpleasant things concerning a contemporary. We shall be as ready to 
commend as to criticise, to quote creditable paragraphs as to insert 
"dreadful and awful examples of what never ought to be said." Ours 
may not always truthfully be described as a bow for peace, for we shall 
not go about crying, "Peace, peace," when there ought to be neither 
peace nor truce. There are certain evils in the fraternity system, certain 
tendencies in our midst, and certain tendencies of our neighbors that 
niayatany time creep over the wall into our garden, to our hurt. 


Against these we shall direct our pen, upon these we shall use our sharp- 
est instruments, wherever they may rise. Let no one accuse us of mal- 
ice, of spite, of jealousy, or of wilful distortion of facts. Such a spirit of 
fairness as nature has given us, and such culture as education may have 
given it, we shall use." 

The above extract from the exchange leader of the April 
Rainbow covers so nearly the ideas the the Shield that they 
are quoted at length for the double purpose of expressing our 
own sentiments and showing that others are of the same mind. 
The Shield objects to *'the stereotyped exchange paragraph,'* 
yet the style peculiar to the ordinary exchange editorial cannot 
well be avoided. If our readers do not object, such clippings 
as to the editor seem to be of interest will be inserted. Some- 
times perhaps an old style paragraph may be written, but no 
system of regularity will be observed, and at times the entire 
department may be omitted. 

The Columbian^ '91, issued by the junior class of Columbia 
college is a good sized book, neat in appearance and filled with 
appropriate designs by the comic artist. Half tone group por- 
traits of the athletic organizations embellish the volume. A 
statistical record of the year's athletic sports is given. Bro. 
Gustav R. Tuska is a member of the board of editors. Taken 
as a whole the book compares favorably with those issued at 
other colleges. 

The Brown and Blue ^ '91. While every college annual re- 
ceived by the editor has been neat and elegant, all others thus 
far at hand are eclipsed by The Brown and Blue issued by the 
junior class of Tufts college. Seldom has it been our pleasure 
to examine a book at once so unassuming and yet so complete 
in its conception; so plainly neat, and yet so rich in all its 
pages. The book reflects great credit upon its editor-in-chief, 
Bro. F. W. Perkins, whose name is familiar to readers of the 
Shield as charge editor of Kappa for the past year. The 
book contains as a frontispiece view **Goddard Chapel." An 
elegant group portrait of the editorial staflf follows. Each of 
the fraternities has a group picture of its members. Magniii- 


cent portraits of Prof. B. G. Brown and Rev. T. J. Sawyer, 
D. D. also adorn the book. The football team concludes the 
collection. All are photogravure prints of superior excellence, 
and give the book its dignity and elegant appearance. The 
general text is well edited and the printer has done himself 
proud in the good taste exhibited, as well as in the execution 
of the work. The book merits a more detailed description but 
space forbids. 

The Hub of '91 will readily be located without any 
geographical designation. The juniors of the College of 
Liberal Arts, of Boston University, are to be congratulated 
upon the beautiful volume they send forth this year, and the 
Shield is proud of Bro. Albert Candlin, the editor-in-chief. 
The Hub is peculiarly attractive from the fact that not a single 
advertisement appears, and is the only college annual thus far 
received which does not contain so many advertisements as to 
mar an otherwise beautiful book. The cover of this book is 
not so gaudy and expensive as some others, but it is neat and 
attractive. Taken with its gilded leaves it presents a striking 
exterior very pleasant in the expression it conveys. Its in- 
terior is well made up. The plate work is not as elaborate as 
in many other annuals, but taken as a whole the entire book 
has a decided look of richness which is entirely satisfying. 
The general designs and editorial work are noteworthy. One 
would naturally infer from the absence of ads that the business 
management had been peculiarly successful. As it was in the 
hands of Bro. J. W. Spencer assisted hy Bro. Wenzel, Lambda 
charge can well be proud of The Hub, and all Theta Delts who 
are so fortunate as to get a copy will join the Shield in ex- 
tending hearty congratulations. 

The Melange, published by the class of '90 in Lafayette col- 
lege, Easton, Pa., is a most welcome addition to the many 
handsome volumes which have recently been received. 
Naturally any production from our Alma Mater would be ten- 

224 'PH^ SHIBLD. 

derly regarded. The Melange is a neat book of the average 
size plainly but substantially bound and prefaced with a por- 
trait of the late Major J. G. Fox. The book contains many 
unique sketches, beside a number of half tone plates. Steel 
plate designs of the diflferent classes, as well as the fraternities, 
grace the book. Its general matter is neatly arranged and 
carefully edited. The name of Bro. R. C. Bryant appears 
among the literary committee. 

The Epitome y published by the class of '91 at Lehigh, is re- 
ceived just as the Shiei^d goes to press. A hasty examination 
shows a neat, well executed, and carefully arranged book. 
Bro. Harry T. Morris as editor-in-chief has shown himself to 
be equal to the occasion. The result of his labor merits the 
hearty congratulation of the Shield, which is hereby ex- 
tended. It affords us pleasure to note that a number of an- 
nuals for the current year have a Theta Delt as editor-in-chief, 
and all are praiseworthy productions. A detailed description 
of the contents of The Epitome would cover much that is com- 
mon to other annuals. Among the noticeable features is a 
frontispiece of the fraternity chapter houses, and the fac- 
simile autographs of the faculty which are departures from the 
majority of annuals. The entire book, including the adver- 
tising pages, is printed on enamelled paper, which adds much 
to the general eflfect. A tri-colored banquet plate of '91, de- 
signed by Chasmar & Co., is a decidedly unique introduction, 
and quite attractive. 

A very interesting article, (for lawyers), on *'The Modem 
law of Curtesy," from the pen of Bro. George Lawyer, of 
New York, appears in a recent number of the Central Law 
Journal. . 

The Beta Theta Pi for May has an unusual amount of excel- 
lent matter, which bespeaks painstaking thought. An article 
on honorary members is referred to in extenso in another 


place. Pan Hellenism receives attention. Correspondence 
with all the chapters indicates that the Pan Hellenic league is 
embryonic yet, so far as -B 77 is concerned. In the exchange 
columns the Shield receives liberal notice, and returns thanks 
for the kind words extended. We find there, however, a few 
comments which call for individual notice. These are referred 
to under '*Notes and Comments.*' The Shield accepts them 
in the kindly spirit in which it believes they were written, and 
remarks wnth much pleasure, the uniform courtesy with which 
the entire Greek press is treated. 

The Phi Gamma Delta Quarterly for June comes to our table 
just as we are grinding out the last batch of copy. The 
number is replete with excellent matter. The un-fratemity 
man in the chapter, a war retrospect, the law of fraternity, and 
convention notes, constitute the bulk of the first part. The 
"Table Talker*' is as usual of great interest. The Shield re- 
ceives a full share of attention. Pan-Hellenism is reproduced 
with the following comments : 

Like the Shield, the Quarterly has no further use for Pan -Hellenism 
than the heartiest of good will to all Greeks, or as we have previously 
put it, a desire for a spirit of kindness and inter-fraternal love and a wish 
to gain not only the approval and respect of the members of our own 
order, but likewise the esteem and respect of our contemporaries. We 
are always ready to co-operate, but never willing to consolidate. 

The error in fraternity history referred to is acknowledged. 

The information was obtained from a college annual. As these 

publications are usually supposed to be correct, we may be 

excused. The comments on other journals are profuse, but of 

the kindliest character. It is a pleasure to be seen through 

the '*Table-Talker's" glasses. A strong editorial on chapter 

houses marks this journal also, which we quote entire, as it 

expresses our sentiments exactly : 

The permanent positions which fraternities occupy in American college 
life of to-day cannot be better exemplified than by the rapidly increasing 
numbers of chapter houses, which are the distinctive feature of the pres- 
ent stage of their development The chapter house idea is no longer ex- 
perimental. No longer looked forward to as an almost unattainable 


luxury, it has in many colleges become a necessity to bare existence. 
Recognizing this fact, many of our chapters, taking time by the forelock, 
have found permanent homes, some building, others leasing houses for 
the purpose. 

The pleasures thus resulting from a closer fellowship which a house 
makes possible are very manifest. By this means the bonds of friendship 
are knit more closely than they could otherwise possibly be, and the true 
possibilities of a fraternity life are realized. 

There are two courses open to a chapter for attaining this end. Either 
to build with the assistance of alumni or to lease one furnished until more 
prosperous times render the former more feasible. The former plan is 
doubtless the most desirable for old established chapters, backed up with 
a strong and wealthy alumni membership. Either induce some of them 
to erect a house as an investment, or as is probably more feasible, form a 
stock company and distribute stock among your graduates. Do not wait 
for a house to spring up of itself or for some alumnus to offer to build it, 
but appoint a committee, co-operating, if possible, with some energetic 
alumnus, and canvass your members. You will find them much more 
ready to aid you in a matter promising substantial results than you ex- 
pected. Place the price of shares within the reach of all, and receive, if 
possible, a grant of a building lot from the college authorities, which may 
thus exempt it from taxation. 

Relieve yourselves of the idea that chapter homes are an impossibility. 
Arouse your alumni, and by a little intelligent and co-operative action 
wonders may be accomplished. Establish a sinking fund, to which may 
be added the contributions of graduating members. 

Phi Gamma Delta has done very little for a man who cannot afford to 
contribute from fifty to a hundred dollars to such a fund, and many would 
doubtless be glad of the opportunity. The plan is at least worth an ex- 
periment, and if honestly tried will doubtless yield good fruit 

The Key for March has much in it of interest, not only to 
Kappas, but to outsiders as well. Its leader on '*The Possi- 
bilities of Fraternity Journalism," opens with this question : 
* 'Should a Greek-letter magazine contain only fraternity arti- 
cles?" Arguments pro and con follow, but without any stand 
being taken by the contributor. The general items and chap- 
ter letters are newsy, and the reader is satisfied with the gener- 
ous meal. The comments on the December Shield are quite 
playful. With more years and the added cares of ever>'-day 
* 'after-college" life, the editor would not be likely to be so un- 
sympathizing. Reference is made to the absence of arrange- 


ment in graduate personals. It may not have occurred to the 
critic that there is a **system in our madness." These per- 
sonals never will be arranged by years or classified by colleges 
so long as the present editor holds the helm — ^for this reason : 
Such an arrangement would invite the alumni to select out the 
personals pertaining to their own college or class and give the 
others the go-by, thus losing interest in the generality. It is 
a trick of journalism which we learned some time ago. 

The perusal of other fraternity journals has contributed 
much of pleasure to the editor, and as far as possible, subjects 
of interest have been reproduced, entire or in part, together 
with liberal comments, in the Exchange department. An 
expression is desired from our subscribers as to the interest 
which they convey. Shall they be continued in the same 
manner ? It seems to be a mooted question with some journals 
as to whether it is best to have an Exchange department at 
all.- Some have eliminated it. In the absence of objections 
from our readers this department will be continued after the 
manner of the present number. It affords an excellent means 
of comparing ideas. We may give out some good ones. We 
certainly receive many. Brothers will confer a favor by speak- 
ing their minds. 

The Pa/m for April has added a tail to its kite which will 
either make it the pioneer of a successful cause or drag it down 
from its giddy heights. It remains to be seen. The Shield 
has acknowledged in another column that its conception of 
Pan- Hellenism was perhaps at fault. We consent to eliminate 
consolidation, which we hold to be impossible and foreign to 
the subject as considered by the majority of the Greek press. 
Does the Palm hold such a position, or is its kite held by the 
string of fellow sympathy — a desire to benefit all other frater- 
nities even if ti suffers in consequence ? If so, the Pan-Hellen- 
ism you advocate may be a possibility. That which will up- 
lift the standard of all fraternities and establish a good feeling 
which shall guide each in its relations with ever>' other frater- 


nity, causing them to have due consideration and admit that 
the world is large enough for us all, is the kind of fellowship 
Theta Delta Chi desires. I,et the Palm put its platform on its 
banner and then we can argue the case intelligently. Much 
credit is due the editor for his eflfort, even if it should* prove to 
be in a lost cause. 

The Rainbow for April is well filled with matter of genuine 
interest not only to Deltas, but all fraternity men in general. 
Its symposium leads off with a sound and sensible article on 
* 'Fraternity and Morality.*' The entire article is worthy of a 
reprint, and we would be glad to give it a place in the Shield, 
but in the absence of room, a few extracts have been eliminated 
expressing the essence of the most important feature of college 
fraternity life. An extended editorial on * 'Chapter Houses'* 
indicates that ^ 7"-^ is on the war path. Every fraternity 
must come to it sooner or later. 

The Arrow's editor should interview their printer and in- 
struct him slightly in Greek. We admit that it is difiicult to 
get Greek text which will match well with English, but that 
used in the Arrow is simply excruciating and mars the appear- 
ance of the book sadly. The editor is exposed to criticism 
without being in fault. If the printer won't get what he ought 
to have for the work, try somebody else. 

It is with regret that we are obliged to leave the Exchange 
department without a notice of Delta Kappa Epsilon and Sigma 
Chi, two of the best journals known to the Greek press.- Time 
and space forbid. Our rule is to take them up as it happens, 
giving precedence to none. Next time our first attention will 
be given those remaining. 

The Delta Upsilon Quarterly for February is a handsome 
number. Numerous half-tone portraits embellish the voliune, 
and the biographies make it a valuable number for the frater- 
nity. All its departments are well filled and the book contains 
much of interest. 

©©rfege Qiftet f^rateriftitf . 

Kappa Alpha has recently purchased a house at Hobart. 
They will make some alterations in the interior. 

Chapters of B 011 have recently been granted to the Univer- 
sity of Cincinnati and the University of Minnesota. 

The fraternities of Kappa Alpha, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, and 
Chi Phi at the University of Georgia have been suspended for 
a year. — Befa Theta Pi. 

Phi Beta Kappa has established her Pennsylvania Gamma 
Chapter at Lafayette College. Nine members of the faculty 
received an election to membership. 

Sigma Phi is building a chapter house at Hobart which will 
cost, including furnishings, about $14,000. It will be formally 
opened during commencement week. 

Prof. N. L. Andrews, Ph. D., LL. D., dean of the faculty at 
Madison University, has been chosen acting president of the 
institution by its board of trestees. — ^F A Quarterly, 

The Hon. John. W. Griggs ^, '68, lately president of the 
New Jersey State Senate, has been elected commencement 
orator before the Franklin Literary Society of Lafayette College. 

A local society at Buchtel College has a badge shaped like 
the Beta Theta Pi badge, and calculated to deceive the careless 
observer. The organization is known as ** Lone Star.'* — Beta 
Theta Pi. 

Alpha Delta Phi has initiated more than one hundred honor- 
ary members during her existence of fifty-eight years. This 
fact accounts for the many names of college presidents and of 
other persons of renown which embellish her catalogue. — ^ V A 

An effort is being made to organize in Washington a univer- 
sity club on the plan of the University Club of New York. 


There are over five hundred college men in the Capital City, 
of which number nearly two hundred are members of Congress. 
— ^ r J Quarterly, 

The oldest college dormitory in the United States is that 
known as South Middle at Yale. It was erected in 1752. — 
Mail and Ex, 

Professor (to glib sophomore)- 'Sir, you seem to be evolving 
that translation from your inner consciousness. Sophomore — 
No, professor ; last night in my devotions I read that **by faith 
Enoch was translated," and I thought I would try it on 
Horace. — Mail and Ex. 

There is an interesting controversy at Syracuse Universit\' 
between the two strongest rival fraternities. This year the W 
J" men secured the control of the University News to the exclu- 
sion of the * K y^and the latter have secured an injunction 
restraining the publication of the journal. — ^FA Quarterly, 

The Sigma Chis are the last fraternity to enter a chapter 
house. Four fraternities and one sorority now occupy chapter 
houses, entered in the following order : Chi Psi, Phi Kappa 
Psi, Beta Theta Pi, Gamma Phi Beta and Sigma Chi. None 
of these chapters own their houses, in every case rented build- 
ings being occupied. — Univ. Wisconsin letter in K W Shield. 

The recent national convention of Pi Beta Phi, held at Gales- 
burg, Ills., settled the question that their organization was not 
to be known as a **fratemity," nor as a **sorority,*' but as a 
sorosis. The convention adopted the carnation in its various 
forms as the flower of the sorosis : it also adopted Pallas 
Athene. Pallas is henceforth to be the patron goddess of the 
Pi Beta Phis, and will ever wear a carnation in her hair. — Beta 
Theta Pi, 

There must be a spirit of morality pervading the chapter if in 
college or after life the members expect to exert any influence 
upon the world's improvement. If our Greek-letter societies 
do not ennoble and decorate men with moral purity and right- 
eous motives, we had better abandon them and seek other 
methods of inculcating lofty aspirations in life and in charac- 


ter. But our fraternities can promote good if they but make 
efforts in the proper directions. Let each member appreciate 
that he does not merit the name of Greek unless he be pure in 
thought, in act and in speech. Let us cleanse ourselves and 
when we have done that, the miasma will have been driven 
from our midst. — ^ F J Quarterly, 

The Trinity Alpha Delta Phi men are to have a club house 
which in point of utility and design will differ very materially 
from anything of the kind yet erected there. — Mail and Ex, 

Dr. Stetson, president of the Des Moines College (co-educa- 
cational), has announced that students who fall in love with 
each other during any term are \dolating one of the college 
rules and are subject to severe discipline. — Mail and Ex. 

The total land grants made by the United States for educa- 
tional purposes during the first century of its existence amount 
to over 80,000,000 acres, or 125,000 square miles, a territory 
greater than the area of Great Britain and Ireland, and equal 
to one-half the area of France. — Mail and Ex, 

Some very interesting statistics have just been collected by 
the Trinity Tablet regarding the physical effects of pulling on 
tug-of-war teams. Harvard has moved that it be excluded 
from the intercollegiate games, and Cornell is much opposed to 
the event. The Tablet sent for opinions to various authorities 
on the subject, and, while nearly all agree of the injurious 
effects on immature lads, many think it decreases the speed of 
runners and suppleness of jumpers. — Mail and Ex. 

There is a movement on foot at Yale to secure the erection 
of a building to be called the Yale Home, where sick students 
may receive the care and attention that cannot be given in their 
rooms. President Dwight is heartily in favor of the plan, and 
Dr. Seaver, the college physician, is working to accomplish it. 
It is estimated that an annual income of $700 will be sufl5cient 
to meet all expense outside of the slight fees which the patients 
would pay. An appeal will soon be made to the alumni and 
friends of the college for funds to start this work. — Af ail and 


The Mott Haven cup, won by Yale last year, and competed 
for at the intercollegiate games for the last thirteen years, will 
be given to Harvard after the games the spring. Harvard has 
won it eight out of thirteen times, and there is no more room 
left upon it for inscriptions. The record of the colleges since 
the cup was first competed for is as follows : In 1876 Prince- 
ton won it, and for the three following years it went to Co- 
lumbia. In 1880 Harvard took it and retained it until Yale 
won it in 1887. In, 1888 it again went to Harvard, and last 
year Yale won, with Columbia a close second. The number 
of first places are Harvard, 52 ; Columbia, 45 ; Yale, 34 ; Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, 26 ; Princeton, 24 ; Lafayette, 4 ; 
Dartmouth, 4; Williams, 3; Lehigh, 3; Stevens, 3; Amherst, 3; 
Wesleyan, 2; Cornell, 2; C. C. N. Y., 2; Michigan, i; Union, i. 
— Mail and Ex, 

The Mt. Union College correspondent of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon 
Record writes that it was Theta Delta Chi, not Alpha Delta Phi that was 
to enter there. 

We don't believe this story either.— Ed Shiei^d.— * KW Shield, 

Here is the "milk in the cocoanut." A lot of smart young 
alecks in .Mount Vernon thought they would take their pick of 
fraternities, never for a moment supposing that the fraternities 
would have a word to say in the matter. Quite likely they 
applied to A A (P, and perhaps others. They did apply to 
© J A' and their communication was presented to the last con- 
vention. Not a single vote was cast in favor of granting their 
request. That is how near Theta Delta Chi came to entering 

Making Money in Vacation. — About one year ago I procured in- 
structions for plating with Gold, Silver and Nickle, and devoted my 
summer vacation to plating. In 43 days I cleared I391.10, a suflScient 
amount to pay my expenses for the college year. At nearly everj' house 
I plated spoons, castors or jewelry, and find it pleasant, instructive and 
profitable. My brother in 19 days cleared |i 62.40. Knowing that there 
are many desiring an education who have not the necessary means, I 
trust that my experience will be to such a joyful revelation. By sending 
25 cents to The Zanesville Chemical Co., Zanesville, Ohio, you will re- 
ceive directions for making Gold, Silver and Nickle solutions, with the 
necessary instructions for using them, and in an hour's practice you will 
be quite proficient. NELLIE B . 

©fieirere Sette:rs. 

[Charge editors are again requested to write on only one side of the 
paper and to assume a style somewhat more expansive than a telegraphic 
communication. The next letter is due on August ist, 1890, and should 
be as long as possible. Write legibly. 



Since our last letter we have been visited by Bros. Bartlett and Carter 
of the Grand Lodge, and we can only say that we wish such visits came 
oftener. Bro. Potter of Xi also honored us with a short visit, in the hope 
of seeing the Princeton nine play our Cornell nine, but as usual the rain 

Beta has joined the Inter-fraternity Tennis association, and for the pres- 
ent will be represented by Bros. Connard and Wilson, both of '93. 

Everyone in Ithaca is looking with a great deal of interest to the race 
between Cornell and her old rival Bowdoin, to be rowed here on the eight- 
etnth of this month. Bowdoin has always rowed Cornell close races, and 
this one promises to be no exception to the rule. We are glad to learn 
that Eta will be represented on the crew, and hope to meet not only her 
oarsmen but as many more of her men as can possibly come with them, 

Beta's rank since you last heard from us has been strengthened by an- 
other good man, James F, Barker, Chicago, *93. Our loss through grad- 
uation will not be slight, for although only three of our boys are of '90, 
yet we do not see how we can spare one of them. Of these, Bro, Webster 
will probably enter the Westinghouse works, Bro. Sewall will build houses 
^n Chicago. Bro. Morrison will take pSt graduate work in the univers- 
ity, so that we will not lose him yet. 

With many wishes for the pleasantest of vacations we send this our last 
greeting to the other charges. 



Gamma Deuteron still lives and is in as flourishing a condition as could 
be expected of a five months' infant. We have been fortunate in secur- 
itig as our first initiate Brother Hugh Farber Mc Gaughey, a promising 
and very congenial freshman in the literary department, whom I take 


pleasure iu presenting to the fraternity. We now number eleven mem- 
bers, of whom five are juniors, two sophomores and one freshman, besides 
two from the law and one from the medical department. 

The boys are making heroic efforts to secure a Charge house by next 
faH. ind the prospects of success are very good. 

.v^^tters in the university are progressing finely, despite the little at- 
tempt at hazing that was made a fortnight or so ago. Five daring 
'*' Sop^s ** kidnapped the freshman toastmaster on the evening preceding 
th''^ / of their banquet and carried him to a small town twelve miles 
di , .. Thence they were pursued by a party of *93*s, who recaptured 
theit <:hief and bore him triumphantly back to town, For this revival of 
old-time class spirit the five guilty lads have been suspended for a year by 
the faculty. Nevertheless they have been allowed to remain and take an 
active part in the spring athletics. 

Commencement will occur on the 27th prox. We will not graduate any 
men from the regular courses. The annual issued by the * * Independents' * 
of the university — the Castalian, was out several weeks ago, and is a ver>' 
creditable production from a literary point of view. Its editorial on the 
" Frats " is vicious audits "grinds" bear heavily on fraternity mem- 
bers. The fraternity annual, the Pdlladium^ is promised next week. 

Base ball rages on the campus. Nine of the fraternities have teams in 
the field, comprising an inter-fraternity league. These, with the fifteen 
or more regular class and department nines, keep the base ball excite- 
ment at a fever heat. In athletics the *' Frats *' and ** Independents " 
have happily buried the hatchet, and have formed a strong nine which 
has just returned from a victorious trip east. In a very pretty game at 
Ithaca the Michigan boys defeated the Comellians by a score of two to 

We had a very pleasant, though flying visit from Bro. Frank L. Jones. 

^ '88, who stopped off over night on his way east from Chicago, who 
left us some excellent advice and lots of fraternal enthusiasm. Bro. C. 
N. Kendall, of Jackson, Mich., made us a fraternal call one evening 
soon after. 

At the conclusion 6f the present year Bro. Burrows will resign his po- 
sition as assistant professor in ophthalmology here, and will remove to 
East Saginaw, Mich., where he will begin the practice of his profession. 

Bro. Winans will next year assume the editorship of the Law Journal, 
a monthly magazine which \iill be launched. on the public next fall. 


Owing to the increased work of the senior grade Bro. Hallock was 
forced to give up the Shield editorship. This will be a disappointment 


to all who have read his letters, always so full of zeal and enthjasiasm in 
the work of the fraternity for which he is noted. 

Delta has been made happy since the last Shield by one initiate and 
by the tinusually large number of visitors. Bro. Carter and Bro, Salton- 
stall were with us in the early part of the quarter. We enjoyed their 
visit very much although it was brief. 

On the tenth of March we initiated Bro. Jose B. Palacios. He is already 
very much in love with the fraternity and will make an earnest Theta 
I>elt. Bro. Jones made us a short visit in March, followed by Bro. Wat n. 

Delta welcomes Theta Deuteron with open arms. Starting in life !l 
e(iuipped with good men, and situated in a good school, she will certc u 
ly be a credit to our fraternity. We wish her long life. Bro. Williams 
made us a short visit in April. 

On the tenth of May five of Delta's men, Bros. Hallock, Arrosameua, 
Ringwood, Birch and Cox paid a visit to our Hamilton brothers, on the 
occasion of the Psi house warming. We wish to thank them again, 
through the Shield, for the good time they gave us; everything that 
could be done to make their guests happy was done, and every man from 
Delta who was fortunate enough to go avers that it will not be the last 
time he visits Psi Charge. 

Coming home from Hamilton we brought with us Bros. Rogers, Vose 
and Van Dom, and Bros. Bartlett and Carter of the G. L. We had lively 
times during their short stay. We enjoyed their visit very much indeed, 
and were only sorry that we could not keep them a month. Our annual 
banquet comes off on the 17th of June, and we expect to have a good 
time. We extend a cordial invitation to all Theta Delts to be present, 
and we promise to entertain them to the best of our ability. 



The college year, now fast drawing to a close, has been one of varied 
experience for E^, replete with sad asr well as pleasant memories. On 
March 17th, like a clap of thunder from a clear sky, came the terrible 
news that two of our brothers, Rowe and Kennan, whom we had all seen 
but a few hours since, well and happy, had been called by the all wise 
Master to swell the long roll of the Omega Charge. The horror of the 
shock most of us will never forget. 

During the holidays sickness removed from our membership roll broth- 
ers Strong and Law, and later Brother Worthington. Each of these 
brothers seemed to leave a gap impossible to fiP, and we miss them sadly. 

We look back with pleasure to the jolly times we enjoy d on the oc- 
casion of the oflficial visit of the Grand Lodge in February, and also the 
visits of various brothers from time to time during the year. We wish 


to congratulate the fraternity in general and to compliment Brother 
Holmes in particular, upon the last issue of the Shield' ; as all who see 
it remark, * 4t is the best fraternity publication ever gotten out." We 
have recently had our charge house renovated throughout and now en- 
joy much more home like and attractive quarters, and cleanliness being 
next to Godliness, we now consider our house quite a sanctuary. 

Since the Atalanta race on the 24th we feel justly proud of our eight 
and have no fear that Yale's proud record on the water will suffer at the 
hand of the '90 crew. The nine also has been doing excellent work, and 
we are confident of winning again **this year, '* though to be sure the 
championship this year is merely '*wind." 

Three of our numbers, Bros, Gunn, McKnight and Spruce go forth to 
make their bow before the rude, wicked world this year, and to make a 
name and fame for themselves and for Theta Delt. Bro. Gunn has been 
appointed one of the number to read theses at commencement Our 
plans for enjoying the coming summer are, of course, varied as the tastes 
of the different men. Some will seek the balmy, briny sea breeze, and 
perchance through its agency will succeed eie next fall in losing some 
of their freshness ; others will seek temporary oblivion in the solitude of 
some mountain far^-;;;.^^ Bros. Stoddard and Ricketts. and also Bro. 
Law will " cross the pond" the latter part of June, while Bros. Carter and 
Ruthven go to California, where the latter expects to locate permanently. 

Thus in pleasurable contemplation of the present, and with bright hopes 
for the future; we will say vale till next fall. 



As Zeta was not represented in the last issue of the Shield it wonld 
seem proper to expect quite a newsy letter this quarter from the charge 
at old Brown. 

It would indeed be very gratif3nng to me if I were able to produce such 
a letter, but as Brown is a rather "dry" college such cannot be expected. 
This year Zeta is thinking a great deal about Commencement, which 
occurs June 18th, for upon that day six of our brothers sever their active 
connection with our charge. This is the first delegation to graduate since 
our charge was re-established three years ago, and though we shall un- 
doubtedly miss the presence of our graduating brothers, we are proud to 
be able to turn out from our folds such loyal Theta Delts as they are. 
Class Day, which occurs on June 13th, will be a great day for Zeta. We 
have secured one of the finest rooms in college for holding our spread, 
and we hope to have a grand gatliering of our graduates and friends. 

We have had quite a lively base ball season this spring, for, contrary 
to the records of recent years, we have been able to boast of our ball nine. 


It has repeatedly shown the excellent material which it contains by the 
records the men have earned in their contests with several of the best 
college nines. We do not wish to brag, but like every Brown man, feel 
quite proud to be able to say that once more, after so many years, Brown 
has what can be truthfully called a ball nine. 

During our last spring recess our minstrel troupe, composed principally 
of the college musical organizations, went out to explore the wild west, 
not so much for the purpose of founding a university in those regions as 
of attracting attention to our college and thereby influencing men to 
come to Brown. The venture met with decided success financially, and 
now all that we desire is to see a few western men entering the freshman 
cla5s next fall. 

The juniors this year are to depart from the custom established by pre- 
ceding classes in the matter of an annual celebration and, instead of hav- 
ing a tin horn blow out, have decided to sit down like gentlemen and 

attempt to pacify the inner man with bread and water. The junior 

class of each New England college has been invited to send a representa- 
tive, and it now looks as though the venture, for such it is with us, will 
be a grand success. 

For some reason or other the Zeta boys are not athletes, though we 
have several good tennis players and some of the boys frequently assist, 
in a modest manner, in tossing the sphere. In literary circles we are 
well represented. Brother Webb has been on the Brunonian board for 
the past year and was also the business manager of the Brozvfi Magazine. 
Brother Lish has just been elected a member of the Magazine board, and 
is to occupy the same position that Brother Webb recently held. Brother 
Frost is also the secretary of the ninety Liber board. The college whist 
champions are Theta Delts; Brothers Stiness and Goldthwait having 
proved themselves such at the recent whist tournament. 

Our graduating delegation is composed of the following brothers: 
Edwin C. Frost. Stephen G. Goldthwait, Fred M. Rhodes, Edward C. 
Stiness, Clifford S. Tower, George H. Webb. Brother Frost is class 
prophet, Brother Goldthwait, hymnist, Brother Rhodes holds the office 
of vice president of his class, and Brother Tower is a member of the 
Class Day Committee. Thus we feel that we have a very fair supply of 
the honors, this time around. 

Among our graduates things are about as usual. 

Hon. Augustus S. Miller, Z '71, who was speaker of the last House of 
Representatives in "Little Rhody," has just been re-elected. Dr. V. O. 
Taylor, K '68, is reported as going to be on Gov. Davis' staff. 

In concluding w*e can simply say that we are in a very prosperous con- 
dition and when college opens next fall old Zeta will be found in her prop- 
er place among the other fraternities at Brown. 



For the past week old Bowdoin campus has been alive with visitors and 
friends, the guests of Ivy and Field days. The enjoyment of the out- 
door part of the program was greatly marred by the rainy weather, which 
prevailed a greater part of the time. Water and ninety-one seem to be 
one and inseparable. Field day was postponed from Tuesday until Fri- 
day, and as a result many of the visitors left for home before the exer- 
cises came off. Despite the rain on Ivy day the exercises in Memorial 
hall were unusually successful and interesting. The hop in the evening 
was all that could be desired, and much credit is due the committee of 
arrangements, of which Brother Ridlon was chairman. 

At the close of the Ivy exercises on Wednesday, came the senior's last 
chapel. The beautiful room was filled with spectators, and the exercises 
were conducted with their usual simplicity and impressiveness. After 
reading of the scriptures by President Hyde, singing by the choir, and 
prayer, the seniors formed in a compact body and, swaying from side to 
side, singing and keeping step to the slow measures of "Auld Lang 
Syne," the class of ^90 slowly passed down the aisle, and in a few 
moments they had finished their last chapel exercises at old Bowdoin. 
Seven Theta Delts were in that little group of seniors — , seven brothers 
who haye worked cheerfully and faithfully for Eta during the four years 
of their college life. We shall surely miss their pleasant faces, and may 
we strive to cherish the same love and interest in the welfare of 6 J X as 
was present in the delegation of the class of '90. 

The term which is now so rapidly drawing to a close has been one of 
the pleasantest of the college year. Bowdoin is still taking a deep inter- 
est in boating and athletics. The "right" has practiced faithfully dur- 
ing the past term, and the result of the race with Cornell is looked for- 
ward to with considerable interest. The first race of the season took 
place to-day, (May 30th), in Boston, with the crew of the Boston Athletic 
Association, and the telegram just received tells us the good news: 
"Bowdoin wins by two boat lengths." Brothers H. H. Hastings, C. H. 
Hastings and Parker are on the crew, while Brothers Home and H. W" 
Poor are substitutes. The two last mentioned have rowed on their respec- 
tive class crews this year, and in addition Brother P. C. Newbegin has 
entered the list as an oarsman from '91. 

Brothers Alexander, Freeman, and H. H. Hastings have received pro- 
visional appointments for commencement parts. 

Brother J. F. Hodgdon has taken charge of the Old Orchard Rambler 
for the season of 1890. The brother has already had some experience in 
journalism, and we wish him success and profit in his undertaking. If 
any of our brothers should chance to visit this popular summer resort 
during the coming months, w^e hope they will not fail to call upon him at 


the Rambler office. Brother Hodgdon has also been chosen managing 
editor of the college annual to be published by the class of '92. 

As was prophesied in the last copy of the Shield, Brother G. B. 
Chandler was the successful candidate at the '68 prize speaking, the sub- 
ject of his oration being " The Forum or The FiresideV^ All who have 
seen the Orient for the past year will testify to Brother Chandler's ability 
as a writer and journalist. 

Brother E. H. Newbegin has been elected exchange editor of the 
Orient for the coming year, and Brother Ridlon has charge of the 
column entitled "Rh3mie and Reason." 

The athletic exhibition was held in the town hall at the close of the 
winter term, and was considered one of the finest exhibitions that 
Bowdoin has given. One new feature was a tug o'war between Bates 
college and Bowdoin. Bach team was • allowed four men with a total 
weight of 600 pounds. Brother Home was anchor for the home team, 
and in a three minute's pull Bates was easily beaten by sixteen inches. 
The prize for the best class drill was awarded to '91. 

Brother Dudley and W. W. Poor, both of '91, are teaching the summer 
term of the Pembroke high school, Pembroke, Maine. 

Brother Frank Durgin has been elected corresponding secretary for 
Hta during the coming year. 

We have not yet had the pleasure of receiving our annual visit from 
the Grand Lodge, but we hope that President Bartlett and his a.ssociates 
will make us a fraternal call some time within the coming month. 


Theta Deuteron, perhaps better known as the "baby," is most proud of 
the opportunity -to introduce herself to her numerous sisters and formally 
announce her 'existence to the world. 

On the eve of the twenty-first day of March, 1890, this bouncing infant, 
well developed in all its members, was ushered into the realm of Theta 
Delta Chi. Being of such a noble family the event attracted no little at- 
tention in the society world of Tech. 

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a comparatively young 
institution, and is presided over by a faculty to whom the word athletics 
seems foreign. Being thus debarred from attaining any great promi- 
nence in the athletic world, Tech's name and progress is not so widely 
publifehed as that of many smaller seats of learning. Hence its phenom- 
enal but steady growth and its present size and standing may be a matter 
of surprise to some of the brothers. The last annual catalogue contains 


the names of 967 students, representing thirty-five states, the District of 
Columbia and fifteen foreign countries. Theta Delta Chi is the sixth 
fraternity to establish a charge or chapter at Tech. The other fraternities 
and the dates of their establishment are as follows : 2 X, 1882; 6 Z, 
1885; *r J, 1889; A ^^,^1889; A W, 1889. There are fifty graduate 
students in college, and ten other fraternities are represented by them, 
and there are four local secret societies. 

As the college year comes to an end the latter part of May, and the an- 
nual examinations cover the last two weeks, our time is too limited to 
enable us to do much in the base ball line, and we support no 'Varsity 
team. But perhaps you have heard of the Tech football eleven. To be 
sure Dartmouth's heavy men were too much for us last year, but the 
championship of the Eastern Intercollegiate League was held by Tech. 
for the two preceding seasons, and the outlook for the fall games is 

Our publications are as follows: T/ie Tech., a fortnightly; The 
Technology Quarterly; The Architectural Review, a monthly published 
by the architectural department, and TechniquCy published annually. 
Theta Delta Chi must certainly flourish in such a field as Tech. presents. 

Since our establishment our numbers have increased by four, and the 
charge at present consists of twelve members. The new initiates are 
George W. Baker, '92, of Hartford, Conn.; James Wilson Pierce, '91, of 
Cambridge, Mass.; Andrew P. Newman, jr., '92, of Roxbury, Mass., and 
Hamilton Rice, '91, formerly of Kappa. 

During our short existence as Theta Delts we have been royally enter- 
tained by both Lambda and Kappa at their charge houses, and the annual 
banquet of the New England association presented an opportunity of 
meeting many brothers from other charges. We have also had the 
pleasure of entertaining at our meetings Brothers Sanger and Sprague, 
E^\ Johnson, K\ Griffing, /; Bullock, Z, and a number of the Lambda 
boys, and to each we owe thanks for instruction and advice tendered. 
Joining forces with Lambda, Theta Deuteron challenged Kappa to a 
friendly game on the diamond, not realizing that Kappa included nearly 
the entire Tufts college team. Kappa won the contest by a single run. 

Located as we are in "The Hub of the Universe," we expect to have 
the pleasure of entertaining many visitors, and will be most happy to see 
any brothers who may drop in upon us. Commencement was the third 
day of June, and college opens again September 29th. 



With the sun of a beautiful spring day streaming in the windows, cries 
of "love- forty" and "vantage in" pouring in one's ears, it is an arduous 


task to concentrate attention upon a letter. However, Kappa always 
will do her best not to be found wanting when any interest of her frater- 
nity calls. 

We are, now-a-days, spending most of our time on the tennis court and 
base ball field, nine of the brothers being regular or substitute members 
of the team, and Brother Leighton manager. Saturday, May 3d, Lambda 
and Theta Deuteron tried to down us in base ball, but one more of our 
men safely traveled from third to home. The following Monday they 
\isited us again, this time at our rooms, and we shook hands over the 
jcame and made merry together. And let me say just here, brothers, that 
if you want to infuse real, genuine, fraternal spirit more thoroughly into 
your veins, in some way or other, combine with a sister charge and have 
a rousing good time together. I can voice the sentiment of all the broth- 
ers in saying that it would be impossible to be more royally entertained 
than we were a few weeks ago at the Lambda charge house on the occa- 
sion of a reception to Theta Deuteron. 

In our college life and work we are still endeavoring to prevent any 
resemblance to the "man that fell out of the balloon. " How well we 
succeed, behold. Ninety -one's "Brown and Blue'* has just appeared un- 
der the direction of Brother Perkins, editor-in-chief. All the charges 
have probably received a copy by this time and it will speak for itself. 
Three weeks ago '92 elected her "Brown and Blue" officers, and Brother 
Kimball as editor-in-chief is already formulating his plans to make it the 
best annual ever issued here. On next year's Tuf Ionian we will be rep- 
resented by four editors, one more than any other fraternity, and in ad- 
dition to these. Brother A. W. Grose has just been chosen for his second 
year as business manager. This will be the fourth successive year that a 
Theta Delt has held this position. Brother Crandall last year placed the 
publication on a paying basis and this year Brother Grose has turned 
quite a sum into the treasury, — the first time this has been done since the 
publication of the Tuf Ionian in its present form. 

The New England banquet need not be more than mentioned here. 
You may read of it in other columns in better form than I could hope to 
present it Introducing to you all Brother P. T. Needham, of Lawrence, 
Mass., initiated since the last issue of the Shiei^d, we call upon you to 
keep your eyes open, for the boys of Kappa will be scattered all over the 
country this summer, ever ready to meet a brother Theta Delt 

When just about to mail this letter the news was announced to me that 
at the faculty meeting held last night. May 22d, Brother Perkins was 
elected by the faculty to the position of editor-in-chief of the Tuf Ionian. 
This is considered the highest honor that can be conferred on any college 
man. Mei^vin M. Johnson. 


Tufts Coi«legb, Mass., May 22d, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes : — Having assumed the position of charge 
editor for Kappa only this week, and being overburdened with other 
work, I have been unable to prepare anything but a hastily written 
charge letter, and have had no time to collect personals. If you will 
forgive me this time I will try to reform and give you more and better for 
the next issue. However, I fear that I cannot be as successful as my 
predecessor, who has this evening been elected editor-in-chief of the 
Tuftonian for the ensuing year. Call on me for everything that I can 
assist you in. Fraternally yours, 

Melvin M. Johnson. 

boston university. 

Bro. W. F. Gillman, who was elected "Charge Editor,*' and unable to 
send his first letter to the Shield on account of illness, soon after accept- 
ed a position to teach in the Boydton Institute, Boydton, Va., but expect- 
ed to return to B. U. in time to furnish his installment for the June num- 
ber. A change of plans has kept him in the South, and his position on 
the Shield has just been filled by the present writer, who is notified he 
has about two hours to get up a letter. So this will be but a hasty reconi 
of the important events of the term. 

The college has enlarged its quarters by purchasing a building con- 
necting with the present C. L. A. building, three floors to be used by us 
and the rest by the Law School. The University Glee Club, spoken of 
in the last issue, has proved a success, having appeared in the suburban 
towns with both financial and artistic profit. They will sing for the last 
time this term at the Trustees' reception to the Seniors, June 4th. 

Another new society lately organized is the Monday Club. The oflScers 
are Bro. Hobson, President; Bro. Adams, Secretary, and Bros. Bickford, 
Kenny and J. W. Spencer, Executive Committee. The following persons 
have addressed the club at their monthly dinners and have been elected 
honorary members : Prof. M. L. Perrin, Ph. D ; Prof. Daniel Dorchester, 
Jun. A. M. ; Mr. James E. Murdock, the veteran actor and reader, and 
Bro. Irving P. Fox, A. B., of the Boston Courier, 

The Huh, published by '91, is out, and it is a beauty. It reflects con- 
siderable credit on O ^ X, as the title page bears the names of Bro. Cand- 
lin, editor-in-chief; Bro. J.W. Spencer, business manager, and Bro. Wenzel. 
assistant manager. The larger part of the cartoons are from the artistic 
pen of Bro. Wenzel. The class of '92 have just elected Bro. Gillmai^ 
editor-in-chief for their annual. The business manager went to another 
fraternity this time, however. 


The election of Proctors occurred May 2d. The class of '91 were re- 
quested to send six names to the Faculty, and the '92 bo3r8 three names, 
from which two Procrtors and a Senior Librarian would be selected. The 
elections by popular vote resulted in sending to the Faculty the names of 
one AT ^, three B G 11 and two A X for the Seniors, and one ATA, 
and two S S X for the Juniors. Every man returned by the Faculty was 
a Theta Delt. They were. Senior Proctor, Bro. Candlin; Junior Proctor, 
Bro. Tewksbury, and Senior Librarian, Bro. Snow. 

Fraternity spirit has been lively of late, with the New England banquet, 
Lambda's reception to Theta Deuteron, at which Kappa was invited, and 
Kappa's reception to Theta Deuteron, to which Lambda was invited, and 
last but not least, base ball. However, we will give Kappa the pleasure 
of reporting the game. We may say, though, that our baby is doing 
veil and already getting out of its frocks. The true Theta Delt spirit is 
there ! 

The first of the term two original "dramas" were presented at the 
Philharmonic Society, one written by members of B 6 iJ, "The Unex- 
pected Always Happens;'* and the other, written by a '92 9 .4 X, "The 
Silver Lining." The last entertainment was an admirable presentation 
of Howells' "Garroters," in which every man in the cast (five in all) was 
a TheU Delt— Bros. Tewksbury, Hawkins, Fuller, Pitcher and W. S. 
Spencer. Bro. Sylvester played the Harmonic Bells on this occasion 
with great success. 

Lambda recently made a gift of $30 to the Mathematical Club of Boston 
University, as a nucleus for a fund to purchase a telescope. 

Bro. W. S. Spencer has successfully conducted a choral union in Chel- 
sea this winter. He gave a concert last month as a climax of the term's 
work. A mixed quartette from the college, of which Bro. Spencer is 
also director, assisted on the programme, and Bro. Adams furnished the 

We should not forget to mention the result of the Beacon election, 
which Bro. Candlin announced as close at hand in his last letter. It 
turned out to be a "woman's rights" day, and so our "man" was defeat- 
ed. Miss Emily A. Young, of K K F, was the successful candidate, and 
is putting considerable push into the old Beacon. The Freshmen, en- 
titled to one representative on the Beacon the first t erm of their Sopho- 
more year, have elected Bro. Hopkins to fill that position. 

The Freshmen made their "exit" on the evening of May 29th. Bro. 
Hopkins delivered the oration and Bro. Kellogg, President of the Class, 
conducted the exercises. 

The Seniors are now preparing to leave us. At the Sophomore recep- 
tion to the Seniors Bro. Tewksbury delivered the oration and Bro. Syl- 
vester responded to a toast on "Our College Buildings." The Faculty 

244 ^HS SHIKLD. 

reception, the Trustee reception and the Seniors* own reception ^i'cre all 
aflfairs to gladden the hearts of the members of '90. 

Bro. Wyman has bought out the present college booksellers, Bros. 
Whitaker and Locke, and will furnish text books at the college at the 
usual rates for the next three years. His brother expects to enter B. U. 
in the fall. Bro. Wyman has secured a lucrative position for the summer 
at the National Bank of Redemption, this city. 

Bro. Cobb is shining in the athletic world as a member of the Long- 
wood Tennis Club. He also is an assistant Episcopal rector, and has 
acted most satisfactorily the present term as President of the Philoma- 
thean. He is succeeded in this latter position by Miss Harris, A $, who 
was supported by our men. Bro. Sylvester was elected Secretary on the 
same board. 

Bro. Wenzel is serving faithfully as Assistant Librarian, having entire 
charge of the work. Since his advent to the library he has catalogued 
the entire list of books: 

Bro. N. W. Jordan, of '81, is with us. Bro. Jordan has been pastor of 
the First M. E. Church, St. Paul, for several years, but is out of health, 
and so is recuperating in the suburbs of Boston. We are glad to note 
that he is improving. 

Bros. George H. Spencer and S. E. Whitaker, of the class of '90, expect 
to be in Boston a few years more, Bro. Spencer at the School of Theology 
and Bro. Whitaker at the School of Technology. 

Bro. Hobson, '89, was unable to finish his work at the Law School this 
year, on account of illness, and he is recuperating at Island Pont, Vt. 
His classmate, Bro. Webber, has finished his "exams*' and retired to 
Rochester, Vt, for a summer's refreshing. 

Bro. Bickford, at present at the Moverick National Bank, will enter the 
Law School next year. He is hard at work on some new plans regarding 
the improvement of our charge house for another year, for he is at pres- 
ent Lambda's representative business man. 

My time is up, and I fear Bro. Holmes will not have room for more at 
this late hour. So, adieu ! Lambda charge is happy and hearty, while 
her flag flies at top mast in a stiff breeze. "More anon." 


With pleasure we look back on the year now so nearly at an end. The 
universal prosperity of the fraternity, as revealed to us by the Conven- 
tion, in the improved charge correspondence, and in the Shield, ha* 
conspired with our consciousness of Mu Denteron's own advancement, to 
make the spirit strong within us. One of the latest of our pleasures w'as 
the visit of the Grand Lodge. Bro. Bartlett gave us some true Theta 
Delt inspiration by his words. Bro. Carter made us especially happy bv 


telling us that he noticed a decided improvement in our literarj' exercises. 
Debating is a department to which, like almost all fraternities at Am- 
herst, we devote a good share of attention, and in this, as Bro. Carter 
noticed, we have surely gained ground within a year. Our debates have 
much more spirit, and perhaps more solid argument, than a year ago. 
In more distinctively literary work some of the brothers have been charm- 
ing our hearts, and one, it seems, has charmed the world outside, so that 
we are now represented on the Student by Bro. Avery, '91. It is too 
early yet to count up the external result of our year's work, for Com- 
mencement, with its tale of prizes, is yet to come. We do know, how- 
ever, that Bro. Smith is to uphold A X at the Sophomore speaking, 
and Bros. Whitaker and Ballon on the Commencement stage. The first 
"drawing** from *9i for ^ B K, consisting of nine men, yielded us three, 
Bros. Avery, Cooley and Wood worth, and the last two of these are among 
the first four, the monitors. 

The addition to our house is progressing, but this will be a fruitful 
theme for the next eftort of the charge editor, not to speak of the con- 
stant yields it gives the corresponding secretary, so it must not be spoiled 

Since this letter was begun news has come from Worcester of 
.Amherst's glorious victory in the athletic meeting. Bro. Alexander 
helped in the good work, breaking the intercollegiate record for the shot 
put. All kinds of athletics are hopeful at Amherst this spring. To be 
sure 0^ has probably rejoiced more than M^ over two ball games at 
Hanover last week, but Worcester makes us square. Our Freshmen 
made a fine record, winning all its games, including one with the Yale 
Freshmen here and one with the Harvard Freshmen on their own 
grounds. The Williams Freshmen, after agreeing to a date, have de- 
cided not to trouble themselves. Bro. Baldwin plays third base on this 

Soon now we must bid farewell to the brothers who have taken the 
lead in our past year's labors, toils and successes — to the Seniors of '90. 
Splendid Theta Delts they are. Loyalty and faithful work have been 
their watchwords. Soon, too, the verdant sub- Freshman will appear for 
his examination, and we shall begin to try onr hand at filling up the de- 
pleted ranks. 



As the time for the appearance of the next Shield arrives, Nu Deu- 
teron feels it her joyful duty to aid in the support and advancement of so 
good and enthusiastic a journal. 

Much can be said (yea, even too much), concerning the individual 
brothers of Nu Deuteron. Bro. "Kid" (D. G.), Heame has just com- 


pleted his Thesis, a work which was highly complimented by the Faculty. 
Bro. Kid could have received an honor had he wished, but his shy nature 

Bros. Beaumont and Holcombe have been quite **rooty" of late, enjoy- 
ing each other's company to such an extent that they are now insepara- 
ble companions. 

Bros. "Pretty" Heame and Ely enjoy an occasional stroll out in the 
direction of our quaint little * 'Dutch" city, Allentown. 

Our University annual, The Epitome, of which Bro. Morris is editor- 
in-chief, has just been issued. Bro. Morris deserves much praise, as the 
book is the best ever produced at Lehigh. 

Bro. tieilig looms up like a mighty Hercules of knowledge. Although 
a Junior, he has much of the required outline of his Thesis. He shuts 
himself up in his room immediately after his day's work at the University, 
and there, with his eccentric strap, valves, slide bars, triple gearing, etc., 
he amuses himself to his heart's content. One night while all the broth- 
ers were congregated in the parlor, there came pealing forth in the stilly 
night, like the wail of some departing spirit, a shnek and hissing of steam 
from the direction of Bro. Lowleg^s room. All the brothers hastened to 
the rescue, and alas ! there stood the brother vainly trying to start his 
engine, which was on a "dead center." 

Bro. Merrick has nearly completed this term's work and will leave us 
next week for his summer vacation. 

We have seen but little of Bros. Fargason and Harris lately. Bro. Far- 
gason has been under the weather and Bi%. Harris has been "boning" for 
the examination. • Bro. Gearhart is holding down first base for the 
'Varsity team. 

We have been very highly honored as well as pleased in having with 
us since our last letter Bros. Bartlett and Carter of the Grand Lodge. 
Their visit was immensely enjoyed by Nu Deuteron and we endeavored 
to make it enjoyable for them. They gave us glowing accounts of the 
prosperity of the fraternity. . It was with many a "come again" and 
hearty hand-shake that they proceeded on their journey of visits. 

Bro. Hills, of Xi, sojourned with us a few days. Bros. Keigwin, Du- 
mout and Sanderson, of Phi, were recently with us. 

Bros. Nelson, Lawson and Lee, of Pi Deuteron, called here after the 
C. C. N. Y.-Iychigh Lacrosse game. 

Bro. Deans made us a pleasant visit last week. He has just finished 
the construction of a lighthouse in Boston harbor. He will spend his 
vacation in Louisville, Ky. Bro. Pratt dropped in on us unexpectedly 
some time ago. He is now at Johnstown, Pa., with the Johnstown Street 
Railway Company. Bro. Frank McCall has gone to Topeka, Kan. He 
is with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company. 


Lehigh has done marvelous things in athletics this spring. The base 
ball team has greatly improved over previous years, having won the 
championship of Pennsylvania. The lacrosse team won the intercollegiate 
championship of the United States. 

In conclusion, we will say, as before, that the doors of Nu Deuteron 
are always open with a joyful welcome to all brothers. 

With Nu Deuteron's best wishes to the editor of the Shield and all 
the charges of our glorious fraternity, we are yours in the bond, 

Nu Deuteron. 


I suppose that all the other charges are sending in their reports of the 
appointment of members of © A X to positions on commencement, and 
Oraicron Deuteron does not propose to be behind. Brothers Abbott and 
Mills have been assigned to English orations upon, ''Stanley's Em in 
Pasha Expedition" and "Philosophical Impulse of the French Revolu- 
tion" respectively, while Bro. Benton has a dissertation upon, "Ibsen as 
a Representative Author. ' * 

Had not the Senior class voted to do away with all the "superfluous" 
exercises of commencement week, Bro. Bacon would have filled the posi- 
tion of class poet. 

Very seldom do we receive visits from brothers of other charges ; we 
wish more might find their way to Hanover. The G. L. paid its annual visit 
Wednesday, May 14th, and during the Amherst games, the 23d and 24th 
we received visits from Brothers Sibley and Stiles of Mu Deuteron. 

Though the announcements have not yet been made, it is understood 
that Brothers Belknap and Shirley, '92, have been elected to editorships 
on the literary monthly, thus giving us for next year, three out of the six 
editors ; Bro. Shirley has also been elected to '92's ^gis board. 

This spring Bro. Potter represents us on the athletic, and Bro. Thomp- 
son on the base ball team. Brothers Baehr, Lakeman, Shurtleff and 
Watson are on the Dartmouth reserve. Brother Shurtleff has been elected 
Junior director and Senior manager of the athletic team, and Bro. Lake- 
man, captain of the foot ball team for next year. Several of the brothers 
are competing for prizes and in all probability we shall obtain our usual 


Just now the final examinations are absorbing the attention of all the 
students and in consequence matters, foreign to study, have had to suffer 


more or less. But nevertheless, some good work has been done in the 
charge. As a result we would introduce to the fraternity, Brothers Hicks 
*93 mines, and Averill '92 law, Van Tine '92 medical, Jones '93 mines. 
The last named of the new initiates is a brother of a present member of 
our charge from the class of '90. With the outgoing class of * 90 we lose 
a few men. In the mines we lose Brothers St. John and Jones. Brother 
St John has been president of his class in the Senior year, is a member 
of the glee club, is the only undergraduate editor on the Mines Quarterly 
and is president of the 'Varsity bicycle club, of the Engineering society. 
Brother Jones has also held various offices in his class and Natural History- 
societies. These are the only men we lose in the arts and mines. In the 
law we lose Brothers Morris and Pollock, while in the medical we shall 
miss Bro. Remer. 

The Columbian, our annual, appeared last week, published by the 
Junior classes in the arts and mines. This is the first time that the two 
schools have combined to publish our annual, and it has proved a suc- 
cess ; so that '92 has decided to have a joint publication also. Among 
the editors elected by the class was Bro. Tuska mines '91, who was also 
treasurer of the board. In the Columbian the number of members of the 
various fraternities is as follows (but we have since added four new names 
to our number), 

Psi Upsilon 38 

Delta Phi 24 

Delta Psi 29 

Phi Gamma Delta 25 

Delta Kappa Epsilon 32 

Zeta Psi 13 

Theta Delta Chi 30 

Delta Upsilon 40 

Total 231 

A special feature of the book was the publishing of a large number of full 
page prints of crews, nines, etc. This made the book especially inter- 

The Peitholog^an Society recently held its annual banquet at which 
Bro. Murtha acted as toast-master. He has since been elected to its 

Brother Scofield is now a member of the Freshman crew which is to 
row the Harvard Freshman as well as the Cornell and Yale Freshman 
teams. Brother Dilworth is in the * Varsity eleven which is to go in train- 
ing in the early part of September. Recently the Dramatic association 
produced a play at the Berkeley Lyceum. We were quite well repre- 
sented in it ; as Brothers Hanley, St. John, Averill and Dilworth, all ha<l 
prominent parts. 


Not long ago we received our annual visit from the Grand Lodge and 
were glad to hear such good news from the other charges. We would 
also wish to congratulate the fraternity on account of the new-born, the 
Mass. Institute of Technology charge. Among some of the visitors we 
have lately had at our rooms, have been Bro's. Mapes of Harvard, Taft 
of Brown, and Hanley and Sullivan of Dartmouth. 

The ^ B K Society has recently determined the standard of admission 
here. Heretofore the members of the Senior class could be chosen from 
their standing in the class as shown under the old marking system. But 
the abolishment of marks compelled new regulations as to admission. 
Hereafter all men recei\'ing honors throughout the college course in any 
study will be eligible to election, but the number of members elected 
from anv class must not exceed one-fourth of the members of the class at 

The origin of the Columbia's colors was brought to the attention of the 
students by an article, "A College Commencement Fifty Years Ago,'* in 
the last Spectator. The author, now the proctor of the college, says that 
at commencements in the '40's the members of the Philolexian and 
Peithologian societies used to wear their society regalia. The former was 
distinguished by a blue satin rosette with silver tassels, while the mem- 
bers of the latter society wore white satin rosettes with gold tassels. 
When the two societies joined their anniversary celebrations, the two 
colore were united, and Columbia's colors became light blue and white. 

In conclusion, we would extend our best wishes for an enjoyable vaca- 
tion to all the brothers in the fraternity. 


Theta Delta Chi will never be ashamed of its magazine while it remains 
under the present management. The increased power given to the editor 
of the Shield, by the last convention, has already been productive of 
good. The opening number of Vol. VI is an honor to the fraternity and 
eclipses all previous issues, both in size and neatness of appearance. 
Since our last letter we have been honored by a visit from President Bart- 
lett and Secretary Carter of the Grand Lodge, and during the two days 
of their stay Sigma passed a very enjoyable time and trusts that they 
enjoyed themselves sufficiently to look forward with anticipations of 
pleasure to future visits. We are gratified with the glowing accounts 
they give of the other charges, but we cannot help thinking that no little 
of our present success as a fraternity, is due to tlie untiring efforts of the 
Grand Lodge. 

Commencement is drawing upon us and we are on the eve of the third 
term examinations. The Senior examinations are already over and the 
standing of the members of the class announced. Brother Hamilton, as 


usual, stands first and graduates at the head of his class. Brother Wallace 
is president of the class and Bro. Webbert will deliver the prophecy on 
class day. Sigma graduates three loyal members this year, and will 
greatly miss their presence. We will be reduced to six next year, but 
have bright hopes of being able to swell our number to its accustomed 
size by the addition of good men from the incoming Freshman class. We 
leave two men pledged in the preparatory class, who are going to enter col- 
lege next fall, and hope to be able to introduce them in our next letter. 



This issue of the Shield will greet us with our commencement exer- 
cises and the completion of another year of college work. Great pre- 
parations are going on to make this a grand commencement. It promises 
to eclipse all former ones. The seniors have finished and the rest are 
getting ready for the " exams," which are drawing near. The Melange 
is out and is a very good edition, excelling all former issues, both in style 
and composition. The demand for copies is very great and a large sale 
is predicted. This being the first commencement which finds us in good 
working order, we are making great preparations for our annual banquet. 
Invitations have been sent to all alumni of the charge and we expect an 
unusually large number will be present. 

The junior oratorical contest occurred May 26. Bro. Weisley secured the 
prize. Bro. Dumont, '92, is playing on the college base ball team. The 
attractions here in Easton since the last issue of the Shield have been 
unusually numerous. Bros. Bartlett and Carter of the Grand Lodge 
paid us a visit and came just in the height of our bazaar and centennial 
celebrations. After being entertained by the Phi they went to Bethlehem 
to visit Nu Deuteron. This first year of our work has been unusually 
successful and we are wide awake accepting all opportunites which will 
afford us any advantage. We want to begin the next college year fully 
equipped for any encounter. We have yet several good men in view and 
may before the close of the term increase our number. Several improve- 
ments have been made in our rooms. They are our pride and we are not 
afraid to compare them with those of any other fraternity here. Any of 
our visiting brethren will find them very convenient if they ever pass 
through Easton and have occasion to lay over. They are in direct com- 
munication by car line with all railroad depots, making them easy of 
access. Bro. Clay Holmes paid us a visit in the beginning of the term. 
He is as deeply interested in " the boys " as ever. Bro. Stem, *68, of 
Philadelphia, also was here and spent some time with us. Bro. Beau- 
mont, '91, and Bro. Gerhart, '93, of Nu Deuteron, paid us a visit Bro. 

Fritz, '90, who has been absent from college all the term has returned to 
finish the terra. Bro. Reed, '90, intends to take another year in special 
studies and read law in the city, so we will only lose two members. 


We extend a cordial invitation to our brethren to visit us during com- 
mencement week and attend our banquet Wishing you all success and 
with a hearty grip, we remain as ever in the bonds. W. L. Sanderson. 



An event marking a new epoc in the history of Psi was the complimen- 
tary banquet of May loth, of which a newspaper account is given else- 
where in the Shield. The time when the members of Psi might be able 
to entertain their visiting brethren under their own * * vine and fig tree ' ' 
has ever been the objective point since the project of building a charge 
house was started. As the members had occupied the house in its semi- 
finished condition for over two years, continually anticipating its final 
completion, it is no wonder that they wished a formal dedication of the 
charge home ; and that dedication has now transformed hope and ex- 
pectation into delightful realization. At an early hour on the evening 
mentioned; after justice had been done the spread, there came the char- 
acteristic " feast of reason and flow of soul " which ever render such oc- 
casions so enjoyable, Bro. Rogers, '89, as president of the evening, made 
a very happy hit in his opening address when he alluded to the incident 
of the " Great Plague ** in which the people carried their dead out into 
the streets upon the cry, '* Bring out your dead ! Bring out your dead ! ' ' 
He made the application by urging the members present to cast their 
dead and apathetic ideas among the refuse of the banquet table and to 
take to themselves a renewed fraternity zeal. This sentiment per\'aded 
the remarks of many of the following speakers. As toastmaster; Bro. 
Cary, '84, presided in his customary felicitous manner, and again gave 
proof of his decided success as an after-dinner speaker. Bro. Petrie, '76, 
gave the history of the trials and difficulties experienced by the board of 
trustees in their work of procuring funds and in finally building the 
house. Hs paid a glowing tribute to the service of Bro. Benedict, '72, 
who, as a trustee, has spared neither time nor pains in procuring a charge 
home for Psi. The toasts and responses bristled throughout with wit, 
humor and repartee, nor did they infrequently rise to passionate oratory. 
Their impromptu character made them delightfully informal and imprcvss- 
ed one with the literary training which is the distinguishing charm of 

Theta Delts. It was with much pleasure that we had among us at this 
time Bro. Bartlett and Carter of the Grand Lodge. The good work they 
are doing is appreciated by Psi, who is always ready for her share of the 
lienefits of such a visitation. 

Hamilton's commencemen is from June 226. to 26th. Bro. Perine, our 
only senior , has been chosen class day orator, and will fully and accept- 
ably sustain the dignity of the position. As was expected, Bro. Lee, '91, 
won new laurels in the field sports held at Syracuse on the 30th ult. 
The four prizes captured by him aided Hamilton materially in carrj'ing 
off the inter-collegiate pennant. 

Theta Delta Chi Professional and Business Directory, 

Omicron Deuteron, '82. 


Counsellor at Law, 23 Court Street, 

Telephone 110. Boston, Mass. 


Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 

Robinson Building, 

Elrrira, N. Y. 


Counsellor at Law, 

Wisconsin Building, 


Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 
4 Warren Street, ... New York, 


Attorney at Law, 

516 and 516 Ellwanger and Barry Block, 
Rochester, N. Y, 

Eta, '8?. 


Counsellor and Attorney at Law, 

Grange Block, - - Norway, Maine. 

Att^'Dtion ffiven to business in any part 
of Maine,e8pecial]y Portland and Lewiston. 



H.A. SMITH, M. D. 

Physician and Surgeon, 
1319 North 15th St., - - Philadelphia, Pa. 


Office, ail Opera House Block. Hours, la to 

3 P. M. 
Residence, 1071 N. Clark St., Chicago, III. 

H. B. CONE, 
Attorney at Law, 

Batavia, N. Y. 



Counsellor at Law, 

Paterson, N. J. 


Physician and Surgeon, 
4003 Chestnut St., - - Philadelphia, Pa. 


31 First St., near Second Ave., New York. 

Office hours: 8 to 9:90 A. M.: 1:30 to 3:30 
and 6 to 7 P. M. Sundays, 9 to 11 A. M. 

Kappa, ^SO. 


Attorney and Counsellor at Law, 
Room 4 Town Hall, Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Beta, W. 


Attorney at Law, 

No. too Diamond St., 

Pittsburg, Pa. 


Attorney at Law, 
108 North Fourth Street, St. Louis, Mo. 


Attorney at Law, 
1506 Farnam Street, - - Omaha, NeD 


OMa : Defta : Glii. 






fl CQagazine Published ^uai^tbi^ly 


f Seta : ©elfa : ©6i. 

ronatfod la 1M9, 

Rumbvr 3. 


Sheta Dblipa @hi. 



Theodore B. Brown, 

William G. Aiken. 

William Hyshp, 

Samuel F. Wile, 

Abel Beach, 

Andrew H, Green. 




Union Collej^e. 



Cornell University. 

Gamma, - - - 


University of Vermont. 

Gamma Deuteron, - 


University of Michigan. 



Rennsselaer Polytechnic Institute. 

Epsilon, - - - 


College of William and Mary. 

Epsilon Deuteron, 


Yale University. 

Zeta, - - - - 


Brown University. 

Eta, - - 


Bowdoin College. 



Kenyon College. 

Theta Deuteron, 


Mass. Institute Technology. 



Harvard University. 



Tufts College. 

Lambda, - 


Boston University. 



University of North Carolina. 

Mu Deuteron, 


Amherst College. 



University of Virginia. 

Xu Deuteron, 


Lehigh University. 

Xi, ... 


Hobart College. 

Omicron, - - 


Wesleyan University. 

Omicron Deuteron, - 


Dartmouth College. 

H, ... 


fefferson College. 

Pi Deuteron, 


College of the City of New York. 



University of South Carolina. 

Rho Deuteron, 


Columbia College. 

Sigma, . 


Dickinson College. 

Tau, . . . - 


College of JVew fersey ( Princeton ) . 



Un iversity of L eivisbu rg. 

Phi, - 


Lafayette College. 



University of Rochester. 



Hamilton College. 

1889. GP^AND IXODGE. 1890. 


ARTHUR L. BARTLETT, Hyde Park, Mass. 


FREDERIC CARTER, 36 Elm Street, New Haven, Conn. 


J. C. HALLOCK, Delta Hall, Troy, N. Y. 

O. S. Davis, White River Junction, Vt. 


Beta - - - E. M. Wii^son, Ithaca, N. Y. 
Gamma Deuteron J. H. Winans, 90 So. State St. Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Delta - - L. M. Cox, Delta Hall, Troy, N. Y. 
Epsilon Deuteron E. Y. Ware, 9 Liberty St., New Haven, Conn. 
Zeta - - Henry J. Spooner, Jr., Providence, R. I. 
Eta - - - Wii*i* O. Hersey, Brunswick, Me. 
Theta Deuteron J. F. White, 102 Pembroke St., Boston, Mass. 

ME1.VIN M. Johnson, Tuft*s College, Mass. 

- F. W. Adams, 39 Holyoke Street, Boston, Mass. 
ROBT. S. WoODWORTH Amherst, Mass. 

- C. W. Gearhart, 237 South New St., Bethlehem, Pa. 
Chas C. Hoff, Geneva, N. Y. 

Omicron Deuteron V. A. Doty, Hanover, N. H. 

Pi Deuteron - Charles Hibson, 212 E. 27th St., New York. 

- GusTAVE R. TusKA, Columbia College, New York. 
Fred H. Fletcher, Carlisle, Pa. 

- W. L. Sanderson, Phillipsburg,' N. J. 
John B. Hooker, Jr., Clinton, N, Y. 

Kappa - 
Mu Deuteron 
Nu Deuteron 
Xi - 

Rho Deuteron 
Phi - 
Psi • 

Corresponding Secretaries. 

Beta - - - M. N. McLaren, Jr., Sprague Block, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Gamma Deuieron W. H. Butler, E. University Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Delta - - Chas E. Birch, P O. B. 96, Troy, N. Y. 

Epsilon Deuteron Burton D. Bi,air, 36 Elm St., New Haven, Conn. 

'Acta - - - H. J. Spooner, Jr., Providence, R. I. 

Eta - - - Frank Durgin, Brunswick, Me. 

Theta Deuieron F. H. Dorr, 102 Pembroke St , Boston, Mass. . 

Kappa - - F. W. Perkins, Tuft's College, Mass. 

Lambda - - John Wenzei*, 39 Holyoke St., Boston, Mass. 

Mu Deuteron - F. W. Ali,en, Amherst, Mass. 

Nil Deuteron - J. S. Heii,lig, 237 South New St., Bethlehem, Pa. 

Xi ' - - Chari^es C. Hoff, Geneva, N. Y. 

Omicron Deuteron F. W. Pi,ummer, Hanover, N. H. 

Pi Deuteron - W. H. BuTi^ER, in E. 76th St., New York City. 

Rho Deuteron - E. C. Ehxers, i8o W. loth St., New York City. 

Sigma - - C. J. Hepburn, Carlisle, Pa. 

Phi - - - E. A. Loux, Easton, Pa. 

Psi ' - . Duncan C. Lee, Clinton, N. Y. 

Tlieta Delta Chi Club, 








A- L. COVILLE, 147 W. 6ist street, New York. 

C. D. MARVIN. 18 Wall St., New York. 




A banquet will be held on the second Friday evening of each month. 
It is expected that a club house will soon be procured. 



Andrew H. Green, President,, Syracuse, N. Y. 
M. N. McLaren, Secretary and Treasurer, Ithaea, N. Y. 


Amherst, Bowdoin, Brown, Boston University, 

Dartmouth, Tufts, Yai^e. 

Seth p. Smith, President, 23 Court St., Boston, Mass. 
E. H. Newbegin, Secy and Treas., Brunswick, Me. 


O. P. Baldwin, President, Baltimore, Md. 
Alex M. Rich, Sec'y and Treas., Reisterstown, Md. 


Hon. Willis S. Paine, President, 50 Wall St., New York. 

Charles D. Marvin, Secy and Treas., 18 Wall St., New York. 

Benj. Douglass, Jr., Chairman Ex. Com., 314 Broadway, New^ York. 


Wm. R. Northway, President, Chicago, HI. 
W. C. Hawlev, Secy, Room 549, "The Rookery," Chicago, IlL 


Hon. Daniel N. Lockwood, President, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Henry Chace, Secretary and Treasurer, 36 Niagara St., Buffalo, N. Y 


yoii. UI. SBPIFEMBEI^, 1890. UO. 3. 


Francis Ewell Martindale another of the active founders 
of Theta Delta Chi, (although not duly credited in the records 
as such) was the only surviving son by his second wife, of the 
late Henry Clinton Martindale, of Sandy Hill, Washington 
county, N. Y. Judge Martindale, as he was more familiarly 
called, from his having officiated as County Judge of Washing- 
ton county for several years, represented his Congressional 
district in Congress for six terms, ranging through the admin- 
istration of the younger Adams and the two of Andrew 
Jackson. It was during the presidency of the former that 
Judge Martindale became acquainted with the late Dr. James 
Ewell, of Washington, one of the most eminent physicians 
then resident at the national capitol. This acquaintance 
resulted in his marriage, during the winter of 1826, to Olivia 
Francis, Dr. Ewell's youngest daughter, then twenty years of 
age, and the birth, February 12, 1830, at the family homestead 
at Sandy Hill, of the subject of this sketch. There the child 
grew and flourished amid as beautiful surroundings as heart 
could desire. In his early youth as we are told, there devel- 
oped some singularly imaginative characteristics in the boy*s 
inner consciousness, which nearly resulted on one occasion, in 
his flooding the family residence, in his search after hidden 
treasure supposed to be concealed beneath the shingled roof. 

The residence of Judge Martindale was situated on the 
main street of the village, just within its limits, and was 
shaded by rows of magnificent elms. Here, after worrying 


through all the diseases of childhood with the assistance of the 
village doctor, we find him at the age of twelve, a robust, 
active, energetic lad, attending school with a perfunctory reg- 
ularity due to a sense of the serious possibilities awaiting any 
lapse of duty that might become known to his father. Tall 
for his years, with light brown curly hair and all the vim and 
go of energetic youth, we find him chief in all athletic exer- 
cises, a fine skater, and swimmer, an expert at base ball as 
then understood, supple and lithe of limb, the personification 
of boyhood manliness. 

At this period of our subject's career it had been decided bj- 
his father that he should be educated solely for the duties and 
responsibilities of a farmer's life, and he was at once inducted 
into the laborious exercise of the ordinary farmer's dailj' expe- 
rience. This system of education of muscle and sinew was 
maintained for three years until the boy reached the age of 
fifteen, when the mother's influence was brought to bear 
in the interests of her son's education for the profession his 
grandfather had so greatly honored. The boy was thereupon 
given the choice of the farm in his own right, or a college edu- 
cation for the profession of his grandfather. He promptly 
chose the latter and at once entered upon the study of Latin 
with his father, a thorough scholar in that language. He soon 
mastered the rudiments and entered upon the translation of 
the "Historia Sacra." After becoming fairly grounded in his 
knowledge of Latin, he was sent to the Academy at Glens 
Falls, three miles distant, walking to and from during the 
summer months and boarding at the Falls during the winter. 
After a year and a half of hard work, he had so thoroughly 
prepared for college as to have been enabled to enter the 
Sophomore year at old Union, in September, 1847. 

His career there up to the second term was comparatively 
imeventful, if we may except the usual number of college 
scrapes, when, through the earnest solicitations of Green and 
Akin, he was finally induced to join the original founders in 
developing the capacity for growth and expansion of the then 
"unswung" Theta Delta Chi Society, the special inducement 


held out being, that he should enter the organization as one of 
the original founders, a pledge which has thus far had but a 
quasi acceptance from the present governing body of the 

With the accession of Martindale who at once developed 
a remarkable talent for influencing his collegiate acquaintances, 
the effort at increasing the society membership was entered 
upon with vigor, and soon, against very strong counter in- 
fluences, Theodore Fonda was brought into the fold, much to the 
chagrin of his brother Jessie, then teaching in some neighbor- 
ing community. 

In the spring of '48 the latter joined Theodore, entering 
college third term Sophomore. 

Very shortly thereafter, under Martindale' s persuasive in- 
fluence Jessie was induced to cast in his lot with the rapidly 
increasing membership of the young society, then being 
regarded by its contemporaries, as destined to prove a very 
active and energetic contestant for all worthy unpledged 
Soph's and Freshmen. 

Martindale has been justly credited with having been 
largely instrumental in furthering the success of the effort then 
made, to elevate the Theta Delta Chi Society to the high level 
of superiority over its compeers, it has in later years attained. 
He was a young man considerably above the average in ability, 
and to what extent his personal efforts toward securing the 
highest class of membership for the society, may have influ- 
enced his chances for ^ B K at graduation, it is certain that 
from his stand-point of to-day, his instrumentality in that 
direction must prove a source of far greater pride to him than 
had he graduated sixth instead of nineteenth in a class num- 
bering 112 students. 

At the termination of the first term of his Senior year in 
order to utilize his time to the best advantage by reason of his 
very limited resources, Martindale withdrew from college and 
at once entered Dr. Alden March's oflSce at Albany, as medical 
student and bookkeeper, for which service he was to receive a 
weekly allowance of three dollars. 


At the close of the second term Senior, he returned to 
college for his class examinations, resuming his service at Dr. 
March's oflSce immediately thereafter, and so continued until 
his final return for graduation in June, 1850. 

With the view to a more speedy realization of the funds 
needful for the prosecution of his medical studies, Martindale 
applied for and received an appointment as Professor of Latin 
and Greek and the cognate branches in the military institute 
then flourishing at Portsmouth, Va. After a year spent in this 
service we find him attending a course of lectures in the year 
1852 at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, then located 
in Crosby street, New York City. In the fall of the same year 
he resumed his medical studies in Dr. March's office, attending 
the fall course of lectures at the Albany Medical College and 
the succeeding spring course in 1853, receiving his diploma in 
June of that year. In the meantime the doctor had formed a 
matrimonial alliance with the youngest daughter of General 
Denzse of Richmond county, N. Y., by whom he has had 
seven children, six daughters and a son, four daughters only 
surviving at the date of this writing. 

In 1855 t^^ doctor, through the political influence of his 
eldest brother the late Gen. J. H. Martindale, of Rochester, 
N. Y., secured the appointment of deputy health ofiicer of the 
port of New York, the quarantine station being then located 
at Tompkinsville, Staten Island. This position he held until 
the spring of 1857 when he resigned, and with his family 
moved to Ottumwa, Iowa, then a village of about 3,000 inhab- 
tants, now a city of 30,000. He at once plunged into land 
speculation, purchasing a tract often acres in what is* now the 
built up portion of the city. The doctor, however, was wise 
enough to keep six hundred dollars on deposit in the local 
bank at that place, when one afternoon on the arrival of the 
stage from Keokuk, he heard one of the passengers quietly 
remark to a bystander, "Clark, Dodge & Co. have failed." 
Instantly the doctor hurried to the bank, drew a check for the 
full amount on deposit in gold and returned to the hotel. One 
hour thereafter the bank had closed its doors. 


The great financial crash of the fall of '57 left the doctor 
high and dry on the quicksand of impecuniosity, with plenty 
of unimproved town lots as capital and a rapidly diminishing 
cash reserve fund as collateral. 

Disgusted with his western experience the doctor returned 
with his family to his native place and very soon after was offered 
an appointment by Captain Shufeldt, of the steamer Quaker 
City, then plying between New York and Havana, as surgeon 
of that vessel which was promptly accepted and he remained 
in this service until the fall of 1859. In the spring of i860 the 
doctor opened an office on Atlantic street, above Court, in the 
city of Brooklyn, where he practiced his profession with in- 
different success until the mutterings of the incipient rebellion 
early in 186 1, culminated in the departure for the seat of war 
of the New York City militia and other state regiments. 

Enthused by patriotic impulse and the tocsin of war re- 
sounding throughout the north, the doctor tendered his pro- 
fessional services to Commodore Breese, then in command at 
the Brooklyn navy yard and was appointed by the navy 
department, acting Assistant Surgeon, U. S. N., and ordered 
to the steam gunboat, Montgomery, then awaiting orders for 
service on the Blockade in the Gulf of Mexico. He remained 
on duty with the gulf squadron under the commands succes- 
sively of Commodore Mervin and McKeon, and Admiral 
Farragut, until July, 1862 when the vessel was ordered home, 
the men's time having expired. 

On or about September 15, 1862, the doctor was ordered 
to join the gunboat Valley City at Fortress Monroe, for service 
in the sounds of North Carolina. While stationed at 
Plymouth, N. C, in July, '63, in charge of the temporary hos- 
pital at that place, he was attacked with a congestive chill, a 
virulent type of southern swamp fever which nearly cost him 
his life. His naturally strong constitution pulled him through 
however, but the doctor will carry the mark of that attack to 
his grave in an almost total deafness of both ears. 

Early in the summer of '63 his resignation as acting 
Assistant Surgeon,. U S. N. was tendered the navy department 


and accepted, and he returned to New York with a \new to 
acquiring a larger surgical experience in the army hospitals at 
the north, barely escaping the attack of the rebel ram Albe- 
marle in the sound of that name on his way to Norfolk, via 
Dismal Swamp canal. 

Presenting himself before the army medical examining 
board in Houston street, New York City, soon after his 
arrival, he was appointed an acting Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A. 
and ordered to report to the surgeon commanding the hospital 
ship Atlantic for service in conveying wounded soldiers fix)m 
Fortress Monroe to the hospita^ls at Philadelphia and New 
York. In this arduous service the doctor succumbed to a 
severe attack of typhoid fever which placed him hors de combat 
for six weeks, when upon his recovery he was ordered to report 
to the De Camp general hospital at Davids Island, New York 
harbor for duty. The doctor remained at this hospital until 
the summer of '65 when he was ordered before another medical 
examining board for examination for promotion, about the 
time of the assassination of the lamented martyr president, 
Abraham Lincoln. 

It has always been a matter of regret to the doctor since, 
that his commission as Assistant Surgeon, U. S. V., was 
signed by President Johnson rather than by that most noble of 
all American patriots. 

Early in October ^65 the doctor was detached from duty 
at Davids Island and ordered to the command of the Dale, 
U. S. A. general hospital at Worcester, Mass., which he closed 
late in December of the same year turning the proceeds of the 
sale of hospital 'material over to the Surg. Gen. Dept. U. S. A. 
and receiving the thanks of the department and a commission 
as Brevet Major for meritorious services. 

The doctor being again adrift gravitated to New York City 
where he serv^ed as sanitary inspector of the board of health, 
until the close of the cholera epidemic of 1867 when he finally 
located at Port Richmond, S. I., where he has since remained 
in the successful practice of his profession. 

Dr. Martindale is now a permanent member of the medical 


society of the state of New York also a Fellow of the Medical 
Association of the state of New York. He is president of the 
medical society of the county of Richmond, also chief of the 
staff of the Nursery and Childs hospital, S. I., and visiting 
sui]geon to the S. R. Smith infirmary, and is with one excep- 
tion the present senior member of the medical profession on 
Staten Island. 

For quite forty years, during the trials and vicissitudes of 
a laborious professional life, the same old love which animated 
his active college work, has been maintained in his loyal bosom 
and to-day with memory still fresh and green does our brother 
Martindale loom up as one of the noble band to whom we look 
as the founders of our order. We have been led for many 
years to think that the six whose naqaes are published as such, 
were the founders of our fraternity. While it may be admitted 
that the original conception of the plan may not have emanated 
from his brain, it must likewise be conceded that this concep- 
tion did not arise simultaneously in the minds of the other 
six. One of them must certainly have first promulgated the 
idea, which was rapidly taken up by the other five, and in 
their first search for congenial material they happened by good 
luck to light upon Martindale. He at once became an aggres- 
sive worker, and who shall say that we do not owe more to 
Martindale' s able tactics and persuasive eloquence, than to the 
combined efforts of the other six, in the actual results of those 
first moves upon which so entirely depended the growth and 
subsequent standing of Theta Delta Chi in the Greek world. 
True it is, that Martindale's ability and efforts were recognized 
by the six, as they solemnly agreed that he should be known 
and remembered as one of the founders. Since this be so, the 
Shield hopes that due honor will be hereafter accorded to 
Brother Martindale, because he really was one of the founders, 
(builders) of the fraternity. The editor gives notice that at 
the next convention he will ask oflBcial action on the insertion 
of his name on the records as one of the original seven. No 
man could be more worthy. For nearly half a century he has 
maintained an honorable name. He has served his country 


faithfully, and his profession with credit, — never doing aught 
which would reflect against the fraternity, but rather every- 
thing which would tend to its renown. It is a source of regret 
that physical disability prevents his more frequent intercourse 
with members of the fraternity. His deafness is a serious 
hindrance which has kept him Irom our gatherings. His 
heart beats just as warmly, however, for Theta Delta Chi, and 
he is ever ready to lend a helping hand. The editor has called 
upon him many times for assistance, and never failed to get 
prompt attention and much valuable information. 

This sketch would be incomplete without some evidence 
of the regard in which Brother Martindale was held by those 
who knew him when in college. The appended letters from 
Brothers Green and Beach, speak from the heart. With these 
we close our sketch with the fond wish that Brother Martin- 
dale's declining years may be blessed with much happiness to 
himself and family. 

Syracuse, N. Y., June 15, 1890. 

Dear Brother Holmes:— The June Shield, in spite of the dis- 
advantages under which it was issued, sustains the interest of recent 
numbers, if the too large space given to the notice of my humble self be 
excepted. Yet I thank you for the kind words there spoken. May I saj' 
too, the warm remembrance of Bro. Frank E. Martindale, (Alpha, 1850} 
is most welcome. I here return him a not less affectionate greeting. The 
more than forty years which have passed since we parted, both buoyant 
with the hopes and ambition of youth, have not dimmed the picture 
which his handsome form and attractive character then imprinted on my 
mind. I can see him now, as I saw him then, tall and well proportioned, 
ruddy, vigorous, cheery, hearty in manner, an agreeable companion, a 
gentleman in all things, a man whose whoU personality was such that 
his acquisition by the new society gave at once a most favorable augury of, 
and contributed yearly to, its subsequent success. Glad am I to see that time 
has not been able to lessen the ardor with which he can greet an old 
friend ! I hope it has dealt gently with him in all respects. I have 
heard enough of his life to be assured that it has kept the promise of his 
youth, has been faithful and honorable, and not without distinction in 
his chosen profession. May good fortune and happiness attend him 
always, is the fervent wish of his friend and brother in 6 A X. 

Andrew H. Green. 

Iowa City, la., July 10, 1890. 
Dear Brother :-! am pleased to learn from your favor of 7th inst. 


that you are ^n-iting up Dr. Martindale for the next number of Shiki^d. 
You ask my recollection as to his being admitted to the honor roll of the 
founders of the fraternity, and while I can not be positive I have an im- 
pression to that effect 

I had ever held him in high estimation and though he was in a class 
below ours in the college course, I believe he possessed the highest regard 
of each one of the founders, and his presence at any of our meetings be- 
tokened general good cheer and fraternal relations of the heart to heart 
kind. I think it would be congenial to all that Martindale be understood 
to sustain the relation of one of the founders. A few lines to honor the 

event: — 

When Theta Delta Chi was young 
Though step was brisk, and eye was bright, 
Her gallant deeds were yet unsung. 
When banners to the breeze were nung, 
And coyly pearly gates were swung, 
For him, our primal Neophyte. 

Each curious eye on him reclines. 
As Theta Belt's were proud to lead 
Our new bom brother to the shrine: 
A whole souled man as you will find, 
"A every inch a man," you mind,— 
For golaen effort, golden meed ! 

Yours fraternally, Abbl Beach. 


The May number of the Delta Upsilon Quaf terly gives an 
account of the Delta Upsilon camp on Lake George with illus- 
trations. There is much about a summer resort that is 
attractive and desirable. There seems to be no reason why 
the fraternal associations cultivated during term-time should 
not be perpetuated during the season of rest. The boys must 
have some place in which to while away the happy hours of 
the summer vacation. Without any preconcerted arrangement 
they wander hither and thither, and spend the days alone. If 
there were some common point of recreation it would tend to 
bring together not only numbers of undergraduates, but many 
of the alumni. This would give the boys the opportunity of 
seeing a different side of their companions and tend to make a 
stronger bond of union. It would also extend the acquaintance 
to the alumni and make the fraternal ties stronger all around. 
The editor has been whiling away the time at one of the lovely 
resorts on the Thousand Islands and writes under a lively 


sense of the pleasure which would result from the companion- 
ship of any of the brothers. Too many ^ays in which to per- 
petuate the friendships of youth can not be devised. The 
memories of the halycon days of college life abide through 
after years. While drowned in the busy cares of active life, 
anxious yearning comes for the careless happy days which 
were spent in college. Then a vague longing existed for the 
very cares and troubles which, when they are forced upon us 
make us grow weary, and long for the rest and peace which 
leaves us when we step out with sheepskin under the arm 
eager for the fray. To be sure, there is a happiness more holy 
and substantial in the family circle which we build up when 
wife and lovely children, surround us. As the little ones grow 
up we look forward to the time when they shall bloom, but 
with this comes a parental responsibility which is not light. 
Notwithstanding this it is fitting for us to retain our youth and 
vivacity. It gives a ze^t to out* home life and is an effectual 
antidote to the cares and trials- which worry us. Such youth 
can only survive by the keeping up of our own youthful asso- 
ciations. In no way is this more readily accomplished than by 
fraternity companionship. When we see the gray-haired sire 
surrounded by college boys and listen to his oft repeated 
declaration that he feels as young as when he first took upon 
himself the vows of fraternal constancy, we can assert that the 
fraternity is a means of good to humanity as it perpetuates 
youth. Now, nothing would be pleasanter than to gather at 
some pleasant spot w^here old and young could while away the 
dreamy hours of a summer vacation surrounded by Theta Delts. 
The alumni could with small contributions all around raise a 
sufficient fund to purchase a plot of ground and build a cottage 
large enough to accommodate twenty or twenty-five, or tents 
could be pitched and many more cared for. Why not have a 
Theta Delt Camp. Too many ways of renewing and augment- 
ing our social joys can not be devised. The older graduates 
must be the ones to agitate such a scheme. The editor suggests 
a camp on the St. Lawrence. Some of the most delightful spots 
on the continent are to be found there. What is the opinion 
of the readers of the Shield ? We invite correspondence on 
the subject. 

^^z: y^^^fAK 

♦.V!I i.T M MVTK SnjNT. 2Vy 


^''*'1 ;.1L I/t I'- vStouc vas hoiii !ti the < il) of Xl-vn Voik 
. /: ^ i^.^S. His L-^-^^Tt-^^rcMt-^iMiKiLitl^cr nn !rs fillR-i .-. 

•I* '^' v.ui, w hu hid l^;c rct^ioiiU-s. Tiotf a'ld W'li.illrv. 
.. il'.'.-ir Hm ".i^ to Ai.itnca (Ui tbe accvssion ofClia''!:.-^ Jl. 

> ta:h»:r was tli<j renowned hi^tcnan, CoK.jud \\'iM' I'^i L. 
:•' He nas editoi aaid i)ioj '-it-tor of 7./<'- /'vv^/v/t// 

."//-;•. h ivi'T^ I'lirrha^cd the Stinn* Tiori Xuah \\\ljster, 
'Vi.^.r r)\Mier. Dnriiii; his hic he i'< ?aine Hitmoi: • for his 

• i:\ pr<»uiK^ti'''ii^'. His death OL\iiricd in i.S\i. Hi- 
• ' ' A.i^ : ^i'-t'T •f lMaiUM> W'aykmd, the Pre>ider.t( ! ihnva 

•'Miy. II'- fr'iers deMth, when he was nine y^ ais old, 
•- ii !'.'. ^e>-a"\ for hi> nii>tlier to remove to Sarato'^a Springs. 

> - *'a\ -ittrwiuds lived with hi-, i^iandlalh^r. the Rev. 
i 1^ \\' lyh'.j'd. the ])ioneer r>apti>l ]..r"Mrh;r iii thr.t .-jetion. 
r h:\ Hv^ reeeived the ensionia'')- '^•>iainon soliovd e<lneation 
'■■1^ .ille-l ♦'•'T tollet;e by Mr. t'aoli Hnikee un«l enteied 

•'• 1 • a•/e^■^ity in i;"<?3. In i>>=;6, ai the ch»se ot his Junior 

1', ..^i'* iw l^rnn^wiek, (ieinian\, for tin* pu^'ju''^'* of 

." Ti:.'.' a i»e:-fert kn^wi^d-.^^e of the ( iernian lan^n..';e. l^.rnns- 

-;■ > "'1 O'e hord<rr.> (jf S jvony, wlieie the purest XTernian is 

• .'.'' »j iit-i'. .- ]rt- selt'ction <»f tliis phiee in whieh to ]>ro^ecnte 

^ r.i'av .. Tne ulterior ohjeet was to better tit Inin^eh" t^i 

^•.-'...>' ir<>;n rerniau into KuL^uNh ini;«ortant uiiHtary wotIvS 

■""'•■ »»ti I'le l^i^^:)ry of tlie AniericaTi Kevohiiion. Jcdni 

•'i^, a Lla>.sriu^t(. at Brown, acconij>anied liini to Germany, 

'. -'■ il P.ruii^wiek. March 12, i<Ss7. Uro. Sioiu hrv)U«;]rL 

u-r. ai!:- , In tlie fall of i.S:;7 he retin*ned to lirown 

v^ni'Iu .ti.>' iu i>^;'.s. He iinTU'-diately entered the ,Vll)any 

' • ^.i'o<.j Ti|(l ^laduated a full -Hedged I.L. Ik in rSso. \w 

 • '»} t!" ^a'T'e year he was niarriid i)y hih unele President 

: i.'ud t<- Mis- llciriiet D. Gillette, of Cleveland, (^hio, 

l'.'  li'.e«l k:vv at Savito^^a Sprinics till i.s ^3, vvhen he re- 

- \ tt» Xew V<»rk city and assumed ihe city editorship) of 

'■^i? ^^Z^c^-^ ifT^c^^-^i^U^^.^ ^i-^_. 






William Leete Stone was bom in the city of New York, 
April 4, 1835. His great-great-grandfather on his father's 
side was Governor William Leete, the Royal Governor of 
Connecticut, who hid the regicides, Goff and Whalley, 
upon their fleeing to America on the accession of Charles II. 
His father was the renowned historian. Colonel William L. 
Stone. He was editor and proprietor of The Commercial 
Advertiser, having purchased the same from Noah Webster, 
its former owner. During his life he became famous for his 
literary productions. His death occurred in 1844. His 
mother was a sister of Francis Way land, the President of Brown 
University. His father's death, when he was nine years old, 
made it necessary for his mother to remove to Saratoga Springs, 
where they afterwards lived with his grandfather, the Rev. 
Francis Wayland, the pioneer Baptist preacher in that section. 
After having received the customary common school education 
he was fitted for college by Mr. Paoli Durkee and entered 
Brown University in 1853. In 1856, at the close of his Junior 
3'ear, he went to Brunswick, Germany, for the purpose of 
acquiring a perfect knowledge of the German language. Bruns- 
wick is on the borders of Saxony, where the purest German is 
spoken, hence his selection of this place in which to prosecute 
his studies. The ulterior object was to better fit himself to 
translate from German into English important military works 
bearing on the history of the American Revolution. John 
Lamb, a classmate at Brown, accompanied him to Germany, 
and died at Brunswick, March 12, 1857. ^^o. Stone brought 
his remains home. In the fall of 1857 he returned to Brown 
and graduated in 1858. He immediately entered the Albany 
Law School and graduated a full-fledged LL. B. in 1859. In 
June of the same year he was married by his uncle, President 
Wayland, to Miss Harriet D. Gillette, of Cleveland, Ohio. 
He practiced law at Saratoga Springs till 1863, when he re- 
moved to New York city and assumed the city editorship of 


the New York Journal of Commerce. This position he filled 
for a number of years with success. In 1867 the firm of Stone 
& Barron was formed and a large printing and publishing 
house started. They did a prosperous business until in 1872, 
when the never-to-be-forgotten ** Black Friday** paralyzed 
New York, and like many others, Stone & Barron succumbed. 
As soon as the affairs of the firm were settled Bro. Stone en- 
tered the Custom House, and for fifteen years held the position 
of clerk in the Naval Office. He was then appointed Inspector 
of Customs in Jersey City, which position he still holds. He 
resides at No. 537 Bergen avenue, Jersey City. The fruits of 
his married life are three noble sons, all between twenty-five 
and thirty, and a charming daughter of eighteen. The eldest 
son, William L., jr., is a Theta Delt and resides in West 
Superior, Wis. 

These, in brief, are the historic points in the every-day life 
of Bro. Stone. It is the editor's desire to place on record such 
facts as have not heretofore been presented to the fraternity-, 
for the especial purpose of giving to the more recent members, 
who have never had the pleasure of meeting him, a knowledge 
of the debt they owe this valiant and magnanimous brother 
knight for his labors in behalf of Theta Delta Chi. In order 
to do this, permit the pen to record, without order, whatever 
comes to mind. The Zeta charge was established in the same 
year that Stone entered college, but it does not appear that he 
was a charter member, so far as the writer knows. Being a 
nephew of the President, Stone naturally became a prominent 
character in the college. His personal characteristics also 
rendered him a desirable subject for initiation. During his 
entire college career he took an active part in the affairs of the 
charge, as well as the fraternity in general. He had for com- 
panions some of the best Theta Delts, such as Burdge, Hay, 
Simons, Goforth, Pond, Spooner, Merriam, Lyman, and a 
number of others whose names are famous in otir annals and 
loved by the brethren. When he went to Germany he was 
clothed with full power to establish charges of the fraternity 
at one or more of the great German universities. The death 


of his classmate, before referred U), called him suddenly home, 
so that nothing was done. The commission was, however, 
highly complimentary and testified to his sterling worth as a 
Theta Delt. During the summer vacation of 1856 he, together 
with Bro. Clarence S. Bate, visited the Mammoth Cave, and 
while exploring it discovered a great avenue, which added two 
miles to the previously known length of the cave. This new 
avenue yet bears the name of * 'Stone and Bate's avenue. * * The 
discovery made, at the time, a great sensation throughout the 
United States. Stone and Hay were chums and roomed to- 
gether for some time. After leaving college, during the decade 
of the sixties, but little appears of vital interest except the fact 
that Bro. Stone's face was one of the most familiar at ever>^ 
convention, and he always participated in them, thus exhibit- 
ing his deep interest in the affairs of the fraternity. 

After he entered the printing business he exhibited his 
abiding interest in things fraternal. After the publication of 
the first Shield, in 1869, Bro. Stone published and edited 
The College ReineuK He was assisted for a time by Bro. Gil- 
bert, but the greater portion of the work was done by Stone, 
The journal did not meet with the patronage it merited and 
was suspended at the end of its second year. In 1867 Bro. 
Stone compiled and printed the first catalogue of the fraternity. 
It was a beautiful and expensive book. Much of the cost of 
this book was borne by Bro. Stone's firm, owing to the failure 
of some of the charges to pay their assessments. He also 
printed the proceedings of the great convention of 1870. 
It was with great difiSculty that he persuaded his partner 
to consent to the printing of this elegant pamphlet, on 
account of the uncertainty of payment. Each charge was to 
take a certain number of copies. His own charge failed to 
pay their assessment. After waiting a long time and sending 
many duns to the charge, they got impatient at his persistence in 
the endeavor to secure payment, and expelled him from the fra- 
ternity. This action on their part raised such a row through- 
out the other charges, that the first business done at the next 
convention, held about a month after the occurrence, was to 


take it back and appoint a oommittee to wait on Bro. Stone, 
begging him to come to the convention and forgive them. He 
did it promptly and willingly — again proving his deep-seated 
love for the fraternity. Bro. Stone has probably delivered 
more orations before the conventions than any other brother. 
His oration of 1870 is well remembered, and that of 1880, on 
•* The Memories of Theta Delta Chi," is one of the memorable 
articles which exhibits perfect familiarity with the affairs of 
the fraternity and an intimate knowledge of the personal char- 
acter of all its members. In it he refers to all the prominent 
members who have passed over the river to join the silent 
Omega, and pays each one a beautiful tribute. Although this 
oration has been published, it is worthy a reprint, and as soon as 
the Shield can find room it will be reproduced. Bro. Stone was 
a faithful contributor to the Shield in its early days. Every 
number of the first and second volumes contains something of 
interest from his pen. Although his time is mostly given to 
his regular line of literary work, our readers may in the future 
expect to see something from his able pen occasionally. 

About the year 1873 the fraternity seemed to be on the 
decline, and for several years the prospect was fair for a dis- 
banding of most of the charges. During this period it is proba- 
ble that the efforts of Brothers Stone and Burdge contributed 
more than any other factor toward the life of the fraternity. 

The members of the fraternity prior to 1875 were ver>' 
familiar with Bro. Stone. His name was a watchword in all 
the charges. The editor remembers the delight he experienced 
from his companionship during the convention of 1867. After 
this memorable convention was over an invitation to spend 
Sunday at his home was gladly accepted, and the long years 
since elapsed have not effaced the delightful memories of that 
visit. Twenty -three years have rolled by since that time and 
not once had his pleasant face been seen. Longing for a sight 
of the old war horse, a visit was recently made to his home. 
The same cheery greeting, the same hearty grip, as of yore, 
thrilled through and through, as with hands clasped we looked 
at each other for the first time in almost a quarter of a centurj'. 


It needed not a word more to convince the writer that his love 
for Theta Delta Chi was as warm as ever. During this visit 
much was learned about his private life and labors which was 
before unknown. During all the years he has been working 
at his regular business much time has also been found for lit- 
erary work. The library and historical collection which Bro. 
Stone possesses surprised the writer, as it has many noted men 
who have for the first time seen it. Bro. Stone has spent all 
his spare time and substance in making this vast collection. 
The library contains about twenty-five hundred volumes. 
Three hundred and forty books pertain to Burgoyne's cam- 
paign, and about four hundred to the American Revolution. 
More than forty volumes have been translated from German 
into Knglish by his ready pen. In addition, he has written a 
number of valuable works, among which are "History of New 
York City,'* "Reminiscences of Saratoga and Ballston,** 
"Campaign of General Burgoyne and St. Leger's Expedition,'* 
"The Ufe and Times of Sir William Johnston, Bart.," "Life 
and Writings of Col. William L. Stone, ^' (his father), "His- 
torical Guide Book of Saratoga Springs," "Genealogy of the 
Stone Family,*' and many others, all of which are valuable 
historical works. 

In addition to this work, he has contributed at least eighty 
articles to Appleton's Biographical Cyclopoedia. Among the 
number was a sketch of his chum, Col. John Hay. He also 
writes for the Smithsonian publications, to which he has in 
the past supplied much matter of great scientific and historical 
value. He is also a frequent contributor to the popular literary 
magazines of the day. At the present time his labors are de- 
voted to the life of Gov. George Clinton, which will soon be 
issued in two large octavo volumes. 

Bro. Stone was elected secretary of the Saratoga Monu- 
ment Association in 1870, the date of its incorporation, and is 
one of the original trustees and incorporators. He still holds 
the position, and it can be justly said that he is the only man 
living who could have so ably filled it. It is proba- 
bly due to this position that his attention has been so inde- 


fatigably directed to the collection of data on the American 
Revolution. In 1877, October 17th, at the laying of the comer 
stone of the Saratoga monument, the centennial of Burgoyne's 
surrender, Stone delivered the historical address, in the pres- 
ence of 40,000 people. 

In 1876 the United States Centennial Commission appointed 
Stone Centennial Historian for the State of New York. In 
connection with this work he received autograph letters from 
the President, Cabinet, United States Senators and Congress- 
men, the Governors of all States and t^ie entire Centennial 
Commission. This is probably the most complete, if not the 
only, collection of Centennial autographs in existence. 

The task of collecting such a library as Stone's would be 
the work of an ordinary man's life time, and indeed it is doubt- 
ful if any man other than Stone could ever have succeeded in 
bringing together so much, because his creative powers have 
contributed the choicest part of the collection. No man can 
estimate the value of this library except the painstaking worker 
who collected it. A sentiment peculiarly apropos was found 
in one of his works, **Good it is to inherit a library; it is better 
to collect one; therefore surely he may exclaim, as in the 
gloaming he contemplates the backs of his loved ones, they 
are mine and I am theirs.*' 

Of many of the volumes in this collection there are but two 
copies; one in Stone's library, the other in the British museum. 
Of some Stone has the only known copy. These rare books 
have been collected with great labor and expense, through 
agents in foreign countries. 

Another peculiar and valuable feature is that in every 
possible case an autograph letter or signature has been ob- 
tained of the subjects of the biographies and bound in the 
book. Also numberless portraits and sketches. There are 
probably two thousand autographs, all of which are neatly 
preserv^ed and bound. All the works in the library are bound 
uniformly as to size and appearance. 

The editor is so thoroughly imbued with admiration for 
this library that pages might yet be filled with a history of its 


peculiar features, but space forbids. It would take a volume 
to do it justice. To sum it all up, Bro. Stone's library is the 
rarest in this country and does credit to the nation. 

To prove that the Shield is not alone in its admiration, 
permit the quotation of the following from an address deliv- 
ered by the late Judge William J. Bacon, of Utica, on the 
Continental Congress, which appeared in the Magazine of 
American History, July, i888 : 

"I desire, as a matter of justice, to state that for the main facts con- 
nected with the passage of the resolution on Independence and the sign- 
ing of the Declaration, I am indebted to the painstaking industry of my 
friend, William L. Stone, of New York, who has made our Revolutionary 
history the subject of the most indefatigable research, and who, as the 
result of many years of earnest and unrequited labor, possesses, in my 
opinion, in a set of more than 300 bound volumes, a more rare and valu- 
able collection of documents, histories, manuscripts, autographs, etc., 
concerning the campaign of Burgoyne, the battles and surrender at Sara- 
toga and the concomitant results, than is contained in any public institu- 
tion, or the library of any American scholar, living or dead. ' ' 

In the progress of Stone's researches for information many 
geological and historical specimens have fallen into his pos- 
session, of rare value, such as possessed by no other person. 
Even the Smithsonian is supplied with plaster casts of these 
self-same specimens. Col. H. B. Carrington says : * 'There is 
no other similar collection in the world, not excepting even 
the British Museum.'' These, when added to his library, 
make a collection of immense historic value, not computable 
in dollars. 

That William L. Stone is recognized and acknowledged 
by the literary world to be a historian and literary character 
of note, is clearly proven by the fact that without any solicita- 
tion on his part he has been elected either an honorary or corres- 
ponding member of every literary and historical society in this 
country, and of all the most prominent ones in Europe, including 
the famous Musical and Dramatic Society of Athens, Greece, 
considered one of the most honored elections in the world. He 
has a bound collection of at least two hundred certificates of 

Of even greater interest to Theta Belts, he has a scrap 


book collection of nearly every convention invitation; also 
banquet invitations and menus, and all published documents 
pertaining to the fraternity — something not possessed probably 
by any other member of the fraternity. There is no question- 
ing the fact that Bro. Stone may justly claim the honor of be- 
ing the greatest historian and literary character in the fraternity, 
and the Shield places him high on her honor roll. To all his 
personal honor Theta Delta Chi lays claim, as he is one of her 
most loyal sons. He is a powerfully brilliant star in the glo- 
rious constellation which puts Theta Delta Chi in the front 
rank of college fraternities. Theology, Horticulture. Histor>- 
and Literature — glorious professions — in which Theta Delts 
shine forth brilliantly. 

While more space has been consumed than might seem fit- 
ting to younger readers of the Shield, the editor feels that such 
a subject must have his just dues. Bro. Stone has done much 
for the fraternity in the years gone by. He has contributed 
money, brains, energy, and always was ready to fill the breach 
when others failed. He is and has been dearly loved for 
twenty-five years by the writer. He always will be so long as 
life shall last, and should he be summoned to join the silent 
Omega first, a pilgrimage will be made to his grave to shed 
the silent tear of affection. 

Our task is done. We have not done our subject justice, 
but it is a source of affectionate personal pride that we have 
been permitted to write the first extended biography of Bro. 
Stone ever published. His portrait, which appears as a frontis- 
piece to this sketch, is the first ever published. He has often 
been requested to permit its use in his literary productions, 
but has never acceded thereto. When asked for permission, 
he remarked, ''Anything for Theta Delta Chi." 

We close our labors expressing the hope that Bro. Stone 
may yet be spared long years to the enjoyment of the many 
honors which have been heaped upon him. 




In a recent issue of the Shiei^d there is an intimation of 
opposition to the continuance of the Grand Lodge. Old mem- 
bers will recall the time when the Alpha held the executive 
power now delegated to the Grand Lodge. In the early 
days of our histor>' it was unavoidable. After a time, when 
charges had multiplied, much dissatisfaction was found because 
the parent charge had more power than all of the others. Ver>* 
bitter controversies arose, and for several years our conventions 
were exciting. No member of the Alpha would, I think, now 
deny that her policy was wrong and hindered the best devel- 
opment of the fraternity. Jealous of her authority, she was 
not less arbitrary when she numbered less than enough to fill 
her own oflfices than she had been in the days of numerical 
prosperity, and because of the exercise of such arbitrar>^ power 
caused two of our best charges to surrender their charters. 

Who of the very large number present at the memorable 
convention at Troy, 1859, will ever forget the eloquence ex- 
pended to curtail the power of the Alpha, and the not less 
brilliant oratory of the delegates of that charge for the contin- 
uance of ** inherited rights." The Alpha won, for her long- 
headed founders had provided, in the constitution, that no 
amendment could be made without her approval. In other 
words, the constitution gave her the power to veto any act of 
the convention. Her final extinction was, probably, all that 
ever permitted the adoption ot the present admirable elective 
system. Any successful effort to the centralization of power 
in a charge would certainly lead to jealousies, and would tend 
to repel that present lively interest that the graduate members 
are glad and anxious to maintain. 

But to recur to the convention at Troy. What a galaxy 
of successful achievements were there foreshadowed. All of 
them cannot be remembered and mentioned by name, but 
prominent among the champions of their Alpha's "rights," 
**the prestige inherited from the foundation," was the brilliant 
Lock wood, pluming his wings for Congressional honors, and 


to name Governors and Presidents in words of exquisite beauty 
and convincing logic at the State and National Conventions of 
his party; Stewart, the successful counsellor and advocate, 
whose plea and graceful eloquence prefigured one of the great- 
est legal luminaries of the Mississippi Valley; And then there 
was Ralston, the caustic Tristam Burgess, of the parent charge, 
and who delighted to hold the book of laws above his head 
and cry, **Behold the Constitution!'' Fighting to be deliv^- 
ered **£rom the bonds of despotism,'' were the stately, fiery 
Vroom, of the Delta, who has gained renown on fields of battle 
and for gallant deeds is now an ofl5cer high in rank in the 
regular military service of our country. Another earnest 
champion of the same charge was Potts, who fought with all 
the vigor and enthusiasm of a champion for the Truth. These 
brothers will be remembered as conspicuous in that great two 
days debate. There were many others, however, who took a 
part, but who realized that the fight was futile with argument, 
and they sought by persuasion to gain the desired concession. 
Benevolent Ben. F. Lee, who was a kind of father to us young- 
sters of the Xi, then, as always, was busy to secure peace by 
"pouring oil upon the troubled waters,"' while in reality he 
was viewing the fight with the keenest enjoyment. And there 
was courteous S. Douglas Cornell, not less apparently anxious 
and urgent for harmony, but who was also experiencing the 
happiest moment of his life. How he did enjoy an argument- 
ative fracas, cooling down as his antagonist became excited, 
and finally, with inimitable grace and with the most exasper- 
ating smile, metaphorically speaking, flooring his antagonist. 
Memory recalls one other, now a Federal Judge in Tennessee, 
and I can only speak of him as that audacious, brainy Fresh- 
man, little Dick Gibson, who rushed to the front of the fray 
and held his ground with the same earnestness that has char- 
acterized his later successful career. 

In those days it was customar>' to have an oration and 
poem, and on this occasion conspicuous posters were displayed 
all over the city of Troy inviting the public to the literary en- 
tertainment at the Opera House. A few hours before the time 


advertised for the exercises to begin word was received that 
neither orator or poet could come. Consternation ensued. 
Something must be done. Finally a brother, one of the New 
York Herald stafif, was persuaded to prepare an oration, and a 
brother, whose name I have forgotten, was found to read an 
old convention poem by Bro. John Brougham. A splendid 
band of music was in attendance and the house was packed 
with the beauty and literary aristocracy of Troy. The exer- 
ercises, excepting the music, were a fizzle, but good feeling 
prevailed. In fact, flirtations with the crowd of young ladies 
of the seminary were so entertaining as to preclude close atten- 
tion and adverse criticism. It so happened that Theta Delts 
were reporters for the local papers and the next day's issue 
contained glowing accounts of * 'Grand Entertainment," * 'Po- 
etical Inspiration,'* etc. Later a serenade was given to the 
young ladies of the seminary, which closed with as ludicrous 
an episode as was ever witnessed, and which will be remem- 
bered by all who were present. But as that now grey-haired 
head of a family might object to the mention of his name, I 
designate him Lothario. The grounds of the seminary were 
enclosed with a high iron fence, one side of which approached 
near to the building. Lothario sought to receive a bouquet 
extended by a fair hand from a window, and ascended the 
fence to reach it. He achieved his purpose, but in attempting 
to return to earth he was eaught by the broadest part of his 
trousers upon one of the pickets of the fence, and there he 
hung until released. The release, owing to the great height 
of the fence and a good quality of cloth, was neither easy or 
speedy. The band was not held responsible for hideous dis- 
cords, but the smothered laughter behind the blinds was ex- 
asperating, especially to the suspended Lothario. 

The convention closed with a banquet at the Troy House, 
at which about one hundred brothers were seated. 

In those days the Troy Female Seminary was not only 
famous as a seat of learning, but was distinguished for having 
a "sisterhood" of our fraternity, which was known as Chi 
Delta Theta. The * 'badge" was a ring, the seal of which was 



fion of otir shield with the order of letters reversed. 

tiot be inferred that the * 'sisterhood' * had any knowl- 
edge of our afiFairs. It was simply imitative — an open expres- 
sion of admiration for the Delta. 

In elaborateness of programme, display and **pyrotech- 
nics," numbers in attendance and interest in the business pro- 
ceedings, that convention has never been excelled. It also 
marked the close of the first era of our prosperity. The war 
soon followed, and no fraternity suffered in consequence so 
severely as ours, for there can be no doubt that J -V was 
then the most popular and best known of all of the Greek 
letter societies in the Southern States. Not only did our 
charges lead in the Southern colleges, but some of our North- 
em drew largely from that section. But no charge suffered so 
severely as the Xi, as previous to that time one-half of her 
members were from the South, and all were enthusiastic 
workers and fine men. 

Many cases might be mentioned of the strength that binds 
in Theta Delta Chi. Instances are known in which the bitter- 
ness and hatreds of our civil war vanished before the 
memories of that bond of friendship, pledged by the bene- 
diction of our initiation. A tragic instance of the value of this 
friendship occurred in Washington. Bro. King, of the Xi, 
was from that city. All of his interests, social and material, 
were at the South, and he cast in his lot with the Confederacy. 
Slipping through the lines of sentries around Washington on 
one occasion to visit his family, and possibly to gain informa- 
tion, he was caught, tried and condemned as a spy. All efforts 
for clemency, and they were many, had failed, until it came to 
the knowledge of Bro. Hay, private secretary to the President, 
Pardon was obtained and Bro. King was released. 

P. C. Gilbert. 
Warren, Pa., June 15, 1890. 



[Read at the Quinquennial Celebration, June 24, 1890.] 

The first intimation that came to the writer of the organ- 
ization of a new secret society in Amherst College was in 
Februarys 1885. One evening, at the close of our class gym- 
nasium drill, the genial Tuck approached me and said in a 
low voice, **Call around at Sherman's room to-night at nine 
o'clock.*' There was an air of mystery in his manner that 
provoked curiosity, but evidently nothing further was to be 
said in so public a place. At the set time I called on Sherman 
and asked what was up. He unfolded the plan. We had 
thought before that there was room in college for a pew society; 
we had felt the need of it, but fancied that for us it was too 
late. We were now within a few months of graduation. The 
plan should have been set on foot earlier. Still we felt that 
our college life was incomplete, unsatisfied. A closer tie was 
needed to bind us to men outside of our class; if it should 
awaken friendship for men of other colleges, so much the better. 
Presently Tuck came in and we put our heads together over 
Baird's '^American College Fraternities." 

A correspondence ensued with two or three of the best 
fraternities not represented at Amherst. One letter was ad- 
dressed to the Tufts charge of Theta Delta Chi. A letter 
from Kappa to President Simons, of the Grand Lodge, led to 
an investigation of our prospects. We received first a letter, 
then a visit from him, and sufficient encouragement to proceed. 
Little by little we had been taking men of the different classes 
into our confidence. In our own class there were thirty non- 
society men, while in the whole college 115, or a little over a 
third of the number of students, were still outside of the seven 
fraternities. The most brilliant and popular men were of 
course already in the societies. There was, however, no diffi- 
culty in selecting fine men of good scholarship and good fellow- 
ship, if they could only be persuaded to join our undertaking. 
In this we were not disappointed. Some good men withheld 
from conscientious scruples; a few because they were lacking 


in courage. The former we regretted to lose; the latter did 
not cx)nie up to our standard. 

I fancy that our campaign, considering the large number 
of men interested in it, was the most secret ever carried on at 
Amherst, for our society was secret not merely in its inner 
transactions, but its very existence was still a profound secret. 
Our meetings were held under difficulty, and were always 
liable to interruptions. We often gathered informally in the 
north entry of North College, in Sherman's room, or with 
Hopkins, I believe. If some outsider entered, the subject of 
conversation suddenly changed. I recall one solemn conclave 
held in my quarters, No. 5 South. My couch was used as a 
divan, and we discussed affairs of state late into the night. 

Thus ♦ith few incidents the work of pledging men to our 
prospective society steadily progressed. Our work with the 
Freshman class (1888), was most simple. They were large in 
numbers and many good men were still unclaimed by the 
societies. Our membership was finally completed as follows : 
Nine Seniors ('85); first, Sidney A. Sherman, who set the 
movement on foot, sometimes known as the * 'great-grandfather 
of Mu Deuteron"; second, Edward A. Tuck, his right hand 
man; third, the writer of these lines, who supported Sidney's 
left hand; also, Edward M. Woodward, father of the '85 class 
boy; Arthur J. Hopkins, Curtis Dean, Esq., Dr. Josiah W. 
Morris, Dr. Ernest H. Smith and Rev. Charles H. Longfellow. 
Five Juniors — Edward G. Adams, Osgood T. Eastman, Edwin 
Fairley, Prof. John D. Hird and Rev. James S. Young. Two 
Sophomores — Nelson Haskell and T. H. Harriman; and nine 
goodly Freshmen — A. G. Baker, George M. Brockway, Irving 
A. Burnap, George Comwell, Eleazer O. Hopkins, Frank L. 
Garfield, Lester Marsh, Paul C. Phillips and James G. Riggs. 

Finally came the 15th of June, the day set for the estab- 
lishment of the charge. Tuck, who was a Mason, had won 
the heart of Mr. Holland, of the local lodge, and through him 
we obtained the use of their hall for our ceremonies, and their 
banqueting hall for our feast. Mr. Holland also showed us 
great kindness in ordering the things necessar>' for the * *spread. ' * 


and thus no curiosity or suspicion was aroused. The printers 
were also very obliging, and our programmes were printed in 
town without revealing the secret. 

In the afternoon President Simons interviewed President 
Seelye and obtained his approval of our plans. In the early 
evening the boys gathered one by one and were admitted by 
the guardian of the portal. Three brothers from Dartmouth 
had come to assist in the initiation. By — o'clock all our 
company was assembled, and our guests proceeded to the or- 
g^anization of Mu Deuteron. Pardon me, ladies, if the details 
of this part of our history are omitted. Let me assure you, in 
passing, that everything was done properly and impressively. 
By ten o'clock we were a duly organized charge of Theta Delta 
Chi and bore the name of Mu Deuteron. While the rest of 
the boys were learning some of the fr?ternity songs under the 
direction of their older brothers, a few of us put the finishing 
touches to the banquet tables. Our feast was necessarily not 
an elaborate one, but it was one long to be remembered. Fruits 
of various kinds, with ice cream and lemonade, were the viands, 
and it was a most delicious spread. I remember that the first 
piece of furniture which we bought as a society was a prime 
lemou-squeezer, and it was initiated the same evening that we 
were. Some of the Freshmen had gathered wild flowers in 
the afternoon, and the table, which was set in the form of a 
Tau cross, was radiant with clovers, buttercups and daisies. 
Of the toasts and the songs I need not speak here. Are they 
not recorded in the book of archives of Mu Deuteron ? At two 
o'clock we left the hall and went down to the quiet street. 
We had already practiced a yell in the lodge room, and now 
the silence of the night was broken with the new cry of "Ra; 
Ra, Ra; Ra, Ra, Ra; Amherst; Theta, Delta, Chi.*' Up the 
street we marched to the ^ r House, and there again we 
raised our psean. Again we advanced to College Hill, and 
once more we lifted our shout of triumph. At last our secret 
was an open one. Our first task was accomplished. Mu 
Deuteron of Theta Delta Chi was now entered upon a career 
of usefulness and joy. F. L. Palmer, '85. 


I >vish I were upon Alcyone, 
Listening, ethereal days of vanishment, 
Unto the harmony of God. He spake 
That all the world should sing in unison, 
Even as ye would that men should unto you, 
Do ye to each even the least of things. 

Alcyone, Oh fond Alcyone, 

Thou art the only orb the Master made. 

Whereon the Great Composer's fairest hymn 

Is sung by men with full-voiced harmony. 

Alcyone, Oh fond Alcyone, 

Wooed by strong Neptune: bright Apollo's moon ! 

Alcyone, Oh fond Alcyone, 

Would I might linger ever on thy name. 

Within thy starlit dells no discord steals. 

Never one note that tells of human pain. 

All inequality of men, all bitterness, 

Melt from thy bounds like glaciers at the sea. 

On fair Alcyone there is no greed — 

For why should men have greed for what all have ? 

We do not envy yellow Gold himself 

When we are rich as he, and we can mate 

His shining beauty in our well-lined purse, 

Nor do we plot to ruin our brother man, 

When we can sympathize with misery, 

And feel the arrow stinging in our heart 

That slew our brother. O foul Greed 

Thou untamed curse of men. Thou hidest well 

Thy bloody fangs and thou art called fair names. 

Yet in whatever shape thou showest thy face, 

We recognize thee — ^subtlest curse of men. 

And tliou, Oh Poverty, most cruel shape, 

In spite of all that poets find to praise 

Thou art all foul within. Of all the sins 

That men have sinned, because of thee were named 

Upon the whitest scroll within the heaven, 

It would turn black as night without a star. 

What horrid shape is this that speeds along 
Riding a chariot of fianie! Ah Cruelty — 
Wliate'er thy wanton shape — ^thou human thing — 


I know thee: crushing the life out 
Of all who fall in prayer before thy course, 
Clutching thy chariot wheels: searing the hearts 
Of all who feel thy flames ! Monster of earth, 
How long, Oh God, how long must Cruelty 
Rule all thy worlds but fair Alcyone ! 

Alcyone, Oh blest Alcyone, 

How sweeter art thou than all lands beside ! 

In all thy fair domains no field of war 

Has ever been or can be. The loud drum. 

The bugle shrill have never been debased 

To steel the breast to murder. Pompous war ! 

In all thy glory thou art murder still ! 

The fairest rouging thou canst give thy cheeks, 

Too much resembles blood — ^thy soul shows through. 

How peaceful is it here to lie and feel 

No sorrow ever bursts within thy realm — 

No crime, that godless necessary act 

That has its rise in centuries of wrong. 

Crime, that draws close the heart strings and shuts out 

All noblest sentiment, each highest aim, 

And shuts in only bitterness and death — 

No wretched failures, errors of the earth, 

Wise in its own conceits and social forms ; 

Men toil for good of all, thus good of each 

Is but the keynote of their happiness. 

Thou disappointing thing ! Thou canst not here 

Rear thy triumphant head and glorify 

Thy cruel success over a brother man — 

The mantle of sweet Charitv is here 

And charity is greatest of the three. 

Sweet charity how far art thou from earth, 

Sporting in grottos of Alycone, 

Where not a taint of tyranny of thought. 

Even molests thy singing all day long. 

The thoughts of men were made to be as free 

As was the soil — yet both have been enslaved. 

Has immemorial theft a righteousness, 

Or can the centuries allot to one 

That which is justly all men's heritage ? 

Do thy weak lambs forever wear no fleece, 

And shivering bleat and die while God ordain 

A few strong rams shall wear the warmth of all ! 

This is no work of God but it was born 


Deep in the selfish heart of savage men, 

When might was right — nay, rather when it rs. 

Are we forever doomed to wander thus 

Like poor dumb brutes and thank the gracious God, 

For the keen wind that pierceth to our hearts, 

And then hath chilled us for a thousand years; 

No, no, God hail the coming day when all 

The wealth shall be to all and none to none. 

Debauchery of man and womanhood 

How old art thou and yet how terrible ! 

Let all men fear thee, for our fairest flowers 

All withered, lie before thy blasting touch ! 

Yet brutal shape, thou too wouldst disappear 

If, only, man's surroundings were more fair. 

Man's sin and wretchedness is not inborn, 

Nor yet rests in stars nor fates beyond — 

It lies in social chains, that like the web. 

Enfold us struggling insects in a mesh. 

Alcyone, Oh realm of quiet peace 

Where sunshine rests upon a thousand hills, 

And not a dell nor cave within thy bounds 

That is not radiant as is light herself. 

Thou sweet Alcyone, I'll lay me here 

Where brooks are tinkling over pebbly beds. 

And then I'll follow on the wings of thought 

To the far open glades and free retreats. 

How blest this spot ! Why am I here at peace ? 

Why drudge no more at uncongenial tasks 

That chained my soul on earth ? Forsooth, 

Here is all freedom in full government. 

In law for ail and for no man, no law. 

How blissfully shall steal their lives away. 

When all men are contented with their lots. 

Upon the wave a shallop floats along — 

I lie between its hollow swelling tides 

In fond content. How sweet the fields, that lie 

On either side for many an eagle's flight. 

With pansies pied and poppies all asleep, 

Whose souls commune with mine and say, " 'Tis peace. 

Faster and faster still my shallop fair, 

Skims o'er the waves like falcons on the wing, 

But touches not. Now am I winging high 

Upon fair pinions never spread before. 

And soaring on the air all zephyrless. 



How sweetly pass the dreamy hours away 

Upon these lazy billows of cloud lakes ! 

Some shepherds rove below me on the hills 

And hold sweet converse with fair daffodils — 

For daffodils, upon Alcyone, 

Are all alive, corporeal, as we — 

And thus I found the days of each were fair: 

Within this model realm so free as air, 

Each came to know the other, and the souls 

Of men and flowers — all things that God controls, 

Fair birds and silvery fishes and dumb brutes 

Commune in harmony with hearts like lutes, 

And then I saw a palace spreading wide: 

Its walls of crystal air outshone in pride 

The fondest gems that grace Golconda's caves, 

Or sleep with open eyes in ocean waves. 

And thro, the walls — for here are none to care, 

Can you divine ? There are no secrets where 

There are no sius. The eye may freely rove 

'Twixt many a colonnade and fair alcove, 

'Neath domes oi alabaster wrought in gold, 

And turkois blue that ebon does enfold. 

Far in the distance of a vast concave, 

That high uprears its mighty architrave, 

Inwrought in pearls translucent, starry bright, 

Omkca stands: such is this palace hight: 

'Neath this the Shield of Theta Delta Chi. 

Fair friendship, Oh fair Goddess; Thou most high 

Art queenly secret of Alcyone. 

All fairness of the world is due to thee. 

This is thy palace fair, whence rays of light 

Sweep to the battle with powers of right, 

And banish every plague spot from thy realm: 

All men are rich where thou dost hold the helm. 

Nor prince nor pauper owns Alcyone, 

But all own all. This is the brilliancy 

Of matchless government. The perfect rule 

Of God extends even to the tiniest jewel 

Of humankind within his vast domain ; 

So are all earthly rulings most humane, 

And liberty and brotherhood assured 

When wise and perfect laws, in thought matured, 

An omnipresent and omnipotent. 

Alcvone, Oh land of sweet content, 


Where souls of Theta Delts forever dwell; 
Ruling a model state ! Sweet infidel, 
Thou art a banished heroine from our earth — 
But time shall be when even here, the mirth 
And sparkling joyousness of thy bright eyes 
Shall overrule and all wrong exorcise. 

Alcyone, Oh fond Alcyone ! 

Dowu to thy starry palaces I fall 

And enter in to grip the friendly hands 

That planned so radiant a world as thine. 

I hear the prophets in thy halls of light, 

Swearing that days like thine shall come to all 

The large-eyed planets that swim round the sun, 

To all the cyclopean systems one by one, 

Circling about the bright Alcyone. 

Oh haste the time when earth may know the boon 

And carry into wide and full effect, 

The principles of Theta Delta Chi ! 

Ah, Edward Bellamy, our work foreran, 
Thy godlike teaching by full fifty years; 
And, were the mystic letters of our shield 
The watchword of all souls upon the earth, 
Thy happiest visions could not then surpass, 
The fond reality of this our realm. 

Alcyone, Oh fond Alcyone ! 

Let me but linger in thy velvet dells, 

And play within the summer of thy hills. 

Till all the worlds have banished pain and tears. 

Then on the wings of morning I may trace 

Amid glad hearts in all the radiant worlds. 

The godly work — the echoing battle cry 

Of our fair goddess, Theta Delta Chi. 

— C. H. Patterson. 

Turner's Falls, June 8, WM. 



The May number of Delta Upsilon Quarterly takes up the 

Shield on the subject of priority of issue, and after quoting it 

almost entire, reproduces the first page of the Shield fhjm our 

print in the last number, and alongside of it the first four pages 

of the Record, and writes as follows : 

"Though the size, table of contents, number of pages, etc., are not 
given, the reproduction of the title page definitely places the magazine. 
So much for Theta Delta Chi, now for Delta Upsilon. We have in our 
possession 2, forty page pamphlet, bound in a cover of gold and blue, six 
by nine inches in size, whose title page reads : *Vol. I, October and April, 
1S67-68, Nos. I and 2. Our Record, Published by the Delta Upsilon 
Fraternity. Editors : Henry Randall Waite, Hamilton Chapter; Nelson 
B. Sizer, New York Chapter, New York; Baker & Goodwin, Printers, 
Printing House Square. 1868.' " 

Here follows a list of all the articles published in the 

number, after which the editor continues : 

** In order that the comparison between the Shield and Our Record 
can be made more easily, we have had reproduced the title page of the 
Shield and four pages of Our Record — the latter being reduced to one- 
fourth of original size. From these plates it is conclusively shown that 
Delta Up6ilon*s Our Record was more than a year in advance of the 

The editor here diverges from the subject in hand and 
refers to fraternity colors. We give his extract in another 
column, with comments. He concludes his article with the 
following, assuming our phraseology in a recent issue : 

" Our friends of Theta Delta Chi should note these facts and would 
be entirely excusable if they should courteously cease to claim the 
honor of having been the first to publish a fraternity magazine or the 
firet *to adopt emblematic colors. ' '* 

In an editorial on the same subject the editor repeats the 
assertion and deduces his conclusions in these words : 

"An interesting matter to all Greeks is the attempt to substantiate 
Theta Delta Chi's claim that she published the first fraternity periodical. 
To silence the doubting Thomases the first page of the first number 
issued in July, 1869) is photographically displayed. It was a four-col- 
umn publication, but the writer does not state its exact size, or the num- 
ber of pages. This sample page, with four of Delta Upsilon 's Our Record 
of 1867-68, we have had reproduced, and will be found elsewhere in this 


290 THE SHIKU>. 

issue. From these plates it will be clearly seen that Delta Upsilon is 
entitled to the honor of having published the first fraternity magazine.** 

In reply we have to state that we were not before aware 
that any college society had antedated Theta Delta Chi in the 
publication of college or fraternity literature. We concede the 
point without argument, but respectfully note that this does 
not in any way affect our position or statement. We repeat 
that so far as at present known, Theta Delta Chi published 
the first fraternity magazine, and Delta Upsilon, then known 
as the anti-secret society, published the first a«/z-£ratemity mag- 
azine. Delta Upsilon, in those days, would not allow herself 
to be recognized as a fraternity, but rather as the society in- 
imical in every way to the regular fraternities. In fact, it was 
known as the "sour grapes'* society. Seeing the falseness of 
her position, the society resolved itself into a fraternity, and is 
now recognized as such, and her quarterly can justly be styled 
a fraternity magazine. It is, however, far-fetched to claim in 
this day an honor which was loudly repudiated in 1867 — even 
for the sake of being admitted to have been the first to print a 
fraternity magazine. 

A strange fact is noticeable. On the title page appears, 
*' Published by the Delta Upsilon Fraternity.'' In those 
days the claim of this society was that it was not a fraternity, 
but an open society, and upon the ground of opposition to all 
Greek letter fraternities (literally secret societies), the bulk of 
their membership was obtained. The writer's personal recol- 
lection enables him to state this proposition as an absolute 
fact, and while he was in college it was common knowledge 
that those who were either antagonistic to fraternities on gen- 
eral principles or became artificially tinctured with such senti- 
ments while in college, from failure to receive **a bid" to join 
any of the regular fraternities, could and did join Delta Upsi- 
lon. In fact, the entire membership in those days was com- 
posed of a mixture of the two classes. When Delta Upsilon 
decided to drop the role and become a secret order like the 
others, then she became a fraternity, in the common accepta- 
tion of the term, and from this time should the Quarterly date 
as a fraternity magazine. 

Next ! 




The June number of the Phi Kappa Psi Shield opens up 
with an article under the above caption. It starts out with 
the following : 

•* We have purposed for some time to publish the following excerpt 
from a recent issue of the Theta Delta Chi Shield, and to append a 
comment or two relative to the matters therein discussed, and avail our- 
selves of the present opportunity to lay the matter fully before the readers 

Here follows in full our article which appears on page 43 
of present volume. After which the editor proceeds to dilate 
as follows : 

" We infer from the foregoing that our contemporary 'rests his case' 
and pauses for a reply. Before we attempt any answer, let us briefly re- 
state the matter as it appears to us. 

The editor of a journal devoted to the interests of a fraternity which 
permits it to die four times, and then revives it only by making it prac' 
tically the personal property of an individual member of the fraternity, 
modestly asks us to relinquish the title which we have honorably won by 
a continuous publication of our journal for more than ten years. The 
grounds of the request are these : In 1869 three members of QJ X issued 
one copy of a little pamphlet which was called The Shield. Three 
months later one of these gentlemen, in company with another Theta 
Delt, engaged in the publication of another paper, which, so far as ap- 
pears in the above statement, had no distinct connection with -J X, at 
least none of an official character. Twelve years and a half pass by and 
another enthusiastic member of the fraternity, as an individual enter- 
prise, published the Shield, getting a fresh start by naming the first 
issue Vol. I, No. i, and this journal lived through two years, with eight 
issues. In January, 1886, death again overtook the unfortunate struggler, 
until enthusiast number three appeared with a brief flash of one issue in 
September, 1886, called Vol. Ill, No. i. 

In February, 1888, the Shield became official, and has since ap- 
peared with reasonable regularity three and four times a year, though its 
moribund condition may be inferred from the peculiar style with which 
advertisements of com medicine, Pond's Extract, Havana cigare and 
what not are sandwiched in between editorials, college and fraternity 
notes, and among other regular literary matter. 


The Shield came into existence in November, 1879, ^^^ from its first 
issue was the accredited mouthpiece of the fraternity, though the finan- 
cial responsibility was borne by two brothers, Edgar F. Smith and Otis 
H. Kendall, both now in the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania. 
These brothers published three volumes upon their own account, when 
the Grand Arch Council relieved them of the burden and placed the pub- 
lication of our official organ in the hands of Ohio Beta chapter, which 
body chose the present editor to conduct the paper, a position he has 
since filled, except for the two years that our journal was in the hands of 
Kansas Alpha. 

The Theta Delta Chi Shield rests its whole case, as it appears to us, 
upon the fact that an enthusiastic & /3 X issued a fugitive pamphlet in 
1869, so little known that it was only by accident that the present gener- 
ation have been permitted to gaze upon It In 1884, a year after the 
Shield had become de jure the organ of $ K ^^ and five years after it 
had begun to exist in that capacity de factOy our fellow Greeks of the 
SAX. persuasion raise an outcry that we have unrightfully possessed 
ourselves of what naturally was theirs, and as if to fasten their preposter- 
ous claim to priority, inserted on the title page of their journal, 'Founded 
IN 1869; Re-established in 1884.* 

Up to the latter date the Theta Delta Chi Shield had appeared, all 
told, once ! Our journal had existfed five years, and had appeared thirty- 
six times ! We were blissfully unconscious of trespass until late in 1884, 
when through the kindness of the editor of the Beta Theta Pi^ who had 
been our college chum, and who in some manner got a glimpse of the 
Shield, which was raising the outcry at our piracy (?), we were informed 
that a formal demand would be made for us to haul down our sign. 

Nothing daunted, month by month and year by year, the Shield re- 
flected the lustre of its brightness on ^ KW and such other members of 
the Greek fold as desired it, for we have never in our history indulged in 
the superlative folly of attempted sub rosa issue, until the year of our 
Lord 1888, wlien again we are startled by the reappearance of the many 
lived Shield, which in many ways from then till now has tried its hard- 
est to frown us down as an awfully improper person, *don't you know,' 
actually daring to use a title made sacred in the dim past by a little pam- 
phlet whose very existence even S A X's only knew by tradition until 
1890, when by photographic process they were permitted to gaze upon 
the venerable document through the medium of the Shield. 

Come, come, neighbor of the Shield, let us hear no more of the 
miserable pretense of priority of publication. 

The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi has a mission, and for these ten years 
past has been lustily endeavoring to fulfill it, with no recourse for reve- 
nue to patent medicine, corn cures, or cigar advertisements, in its literarj- 
departments. The members oi ^ KW love it, support it and pay the 
editor handsomely for his services, and would be sadly at a loss if it did 


not appear ten times each college year. We have no quarrel with SAX 
or her Shi£I«d; we regret as sincerely as we can that your fraternity has 
not supported its publications in the past, and feel, as a fellow journalist, 
heartily ashamed that the earnest efforts you are putting forth meet with 
no heartier response. We need not conflict. Our paths are separate. If 
you are troubled by the confusion (?) you have our permission to call 
your journal anything you please. Since the tremendous onslaughts 
which have been made in re the Shield^ we shall not be surprised to hear 
you attempt an injunction against our badge, or any paraphernalia of 
Greekdom in which the semblance of the shape of a shield appears, un- 
less forsooth it antedate 1847. If a like argument in re badge were to be 
instituted against yourselves, how would you defend yourselves ?' ' 

Before proceeding to reply seriatim to this ' 'effusive effu- 
sion,'* permit the editor to state that he does not consider the 
subject worth the room it takes up, and it is only given for the 
sake of defending a principle of equity, for which college fra- 
ternities as a class have little regard. Apropos of this same 
subject is the Kappa Sigma Star and Crescent comment on an- 
other page. Before we cross swords with the Phi Psi editor, 
we wish to shake hands and assure him that no personal feel- 
ing is at stake, no slurs or unkind words are meant, but we shall 
use the English language plainly and then subside. Facts are 
stubborn things, not always pleasant but nevertheless true. So 
far as the editor is concerned, or for that matter the entire fra- 
ternity, it makes no conceivable difference whether the Shield 
of Phi Kappa Psi changes its name or not, but right is right, 
and Phi Kappa Psi has no right to the name. But to proceed 
seriatim in reply. In regard to "resting our case,'* the article 
in question was not written to stir up anybody's ire, or even to 
seek comment, but simply to give to the fraternitj^ a true and 
explicit history of her journal. The two line remark that has 
elicited all this labor on the part of the Phi Psi editor was 
really intended as a pleasant drive on a brother editor. We 
cannot calmly sit by, however, and let such a batch of stuff be 
hurled at us without sallying forth in self-defense. It makes 
no difference when the Shiei^d was first issued, or by whom, 
or how many times, the fact of priority exists and the title, 
de jure and de facto, rests in Theta Delta Chi, because the 
Shield issued in 1869 was «^/ * 'a fugitive pamphlet" issued 


by an enthusiastic Theta Delt, as is erroneously stated by Phi 
Psi, but the official journal of the fraternity, authorized and 
directed by its convention of 1868 and published by its Grand 
Lodge. The one bona fide issue gave us a trade-mark to the 
name, which we have a right to claim and do claim, and any 
fraternity using the same is guilty of piracy in fact. In this 
particular case it is not all the piracy the aforesaid fraternity 
is guilty of. They have pirated our badge as well. Jt might 
have originally been "ignorant piracy" in both cases. We 
notice, however, that when the ignorance was dispelled no 
effort was made to remedy the matter. The second piracy is 
the natural outcome of the first. In order to complete this 
question at this point we note Phi Psi's last query as to how 
we would defend ourselves if a like argument were raised 
against us ' 'm re badge ?' ' Without hesitation we answer that 
if it could be said of us that w^e had copied any other fraternity 
in selecting the shield as an emblem — although we have held 
undisputed and unquestioned title to it for forty-three years — 
the writer would ask the next convention to drop any part or 
factor of the badge (or all of it if necessary), which infringed 
against any other fraternity's priority, and the assertion is 
ventured that it would be changed. If not, the writer would 
disown the fraternity. We would respectfully note that Theta 
Delta Chi has tried to avoid patterning after any other society, 
and has yet to be charged with so doing. 

This rests our case so far as title goes. We do not suppose 
any benefit or change will be efifected thereby, and it makes 
little difference. We can rest serene in the consciousness that 
we became possessed of both the ''Shield badge" and **Shield 
journal" honorably, without treading upon anybody's toes. 
We shall not worry Phi Psi, and hope the subject will be 
dropped, honors easy, with the public understanding that 
*'Thk Shield" always means **the Theta Delta Chi Shiei^d," 
and the ''Shield of Phi Kappa Psi" means what it says. 

In regard to the ''moribund condition," the editor does 
not like to apologize, but many journals have been so free 
to criticize that which was really none of their business that 


we must rise in explanation. These particular reading notices 
of advertisements were prepared with the expectation that they 
would all be inserted together at the last end of short items. 
After the galley proofs had been read the editor was taken 
suddenly sick and for two days was confined to bed. During 
this time the printer made up the pages and mixed these ad- 
vertisements with other matter, anywhere it would fit in, and 
printed the forms. When sufficiently recov^ered to return to 
duty, a sight of them probably shocked the editor as much as 
any one else, but the issue was late and ' * we let it slide. * ' 
Maybe you will know how it is yourself some day. Does that 
satisfy you? The **money chest" of the Theta Delta Chi 
Shield has enough in it to print the largest and best fraternity 
magazine now issued by any fraternity, and is doing it. She 
puts her money into the journal instead of into the editor's 
pocket. The editor is willing to work without remuneration. 
The Phi Psi's regret that the fraternity has not supported 
its journal calls forth the following general remarks, which hit 
Theta Delta Chi as well as others. The success of a fraternity 
journal depends not upon the fraternity but upon the editor, 
in almost every instance. A very dry, insipid publication may 
be made to succeed by a pushing editor. A really meritorious 
and brilliantly edited journal will die a quick death if left to 
run itself. The * 'merit will win" theory sounds very nice, 
but lots of * 'elbow grease" helps it amazingly. Lastly, our 
paths are separate and the tail does not often wag the dog. 


On the evening of June 23d occurred a banquet of the Phi 
charge to commemorate the twenty -third year of her existence. 
Plates were spread for twenty-four, of which twelve were 
graduates. W. N. Stem, '68, Frank W. Stewart and Clay 
W. Holmes, '69, Charles H. Baldwin, '70, B. Douglass, jr., 
'71, Dr. H. S. Smith, '72, Dr. H. D. Michler. '76, John Markle, 
'80, J. W. Campbell, '82, Prescott Adamson, '83, George T. 
Carter, '84, L. S. Clymer, '85, and the following active mem- 


bers of the charge : C. K. Read, '90, R. C. Bryant, A. J. 
Weisley, W. L. Sanderson and A. E. Keigwin, '91, E. L. 
Meyers, Wayne Dumont, E. A. Loux and W. A. Jones, jr., 
'92, E. C. Chamberlin, W. LaMonte and G. G. Honness, '93. 
At eleven o'clock the J0II3" Phi boys gathered around the 
festive board and renewed the old joys while the elegant menu 
was being served. When faithful work had satiated the hun- 
gry mortals, Frank W. Stewart, as master of the feast, opened 
up with his usual grace and masterly eloquence, and the fol- 
lowing toasts were responded to : 

Theta Delta Chi, by W. N. Stem. 
The Old Phi, Clay W. Holmes. 
The Phi Reorganized, A. J. Weisley. 
The Alumni, Benj. Douglass, jr. 
The Ladies, E. A. Loux. 
The Omega, Wayne Dumont. 
Alma Mater, C. K. Read. 

Many of the older members of the Phi who fully intended 
to be present, were prevented at the last moment. Telegrams 
of regret were received from Izzie Pardee. Stanhope, N. J.: and 
Frank S. Rice, Aspen,.Col. ; and letters from J. M. Harris, Potts- 
ville.Pa.; L. P.Appleman, Denver, Col.; Howard F. Smith. Elk- 
hart, Ind.; P. C. Kauffman, Vancouver, Wash.; Casper Dull, 
Harrisburg, Pa. ; Daniel C. Herr, Harrisburg, Pa. ; Alex. H. 
Sherrerd. Scranton, Pa.; James Vemer Long, Pittsburg, Pa.; 
also from several invited guests from other charges. 

Bro. Kimbairs Theta Delta cigarettes were not wanting 
to complete the ' 'fraternal spirit' ' of the banquet. Some of 
those present had not met for more than twenty years and 
the reunion of these brothers was indeed a joy to behold. It 
did us all good to be there. The only regret was that every 
member of the Phi could not have been present. The imi- 
versal verdict at the close was that every one had been doubly 
repaid for the effort made to be present. For the benefit of 
the older members pf the Phi the editor is constrained to print 
under correspondence the letter of Bro. J. M. Harris. It will 
make good reading for any one, but to the editor, who was one 




of his **boon companions*' in college, and who had not heard 
in twenty years whether he was alive or dead, and who aches 
for a sight of his old familiar **phiz,'* this letter was indeed a 
"Rip Van Winkle'' leaf of the past, and as it was read, the 
editor was a boy again with **Dear old Jack." 

This sketch would not be complete without mention of 
the beautiful singing of the active members, who made the 
welkin ring with the familiar old songs. During the response 
to the **01d Phi" the speaker presented the charge with a 
neatly framed sketch of the fraternity pin drawn by himself in 
water colors in 1867, and one of the oldest relics of the charge. 

It was with feelings of regret that after a very happy re- 
union the old boys said good-bye to each other and hurried 
away, once again to take up the thread of the *' after life," 
which had been so completely forgotten in the few short hours 
we were together. 


Mu Deuteron celebrated her Quinquennial by a reception 
and appropriate literary exercises on Class Day, June 24, 1890. 
Bro. Palmer, '85, presided and read some reminiscences of the 
founding of the Amherst charge. Bro. Camp, '89, gave an 
account of the first year's work and successes. Bro. Avery, 
'91, delivered a short otation on the value of college fraternity 
life. In his remarks he alluded touchingly to Bro. Henderson, 
who was called last winter to the Omega charge, and in mem- 
ory of whom Mrs. Walker, of Amherst, a kind friend of Mu 
Deuteron, had sent a beautiful basket of forget-me-nots. ' Fra- 
ternity songs were interspersed and dancing preceded and fol- 
lowed. Many friends of the graduating brothers were present 
and many Amherst ladies who are loyal to Mu Deuteron. One 
pleasant feature was the announcement that Mu Deuteron had 
taken seven and one-half prizes during the year, including two 
Greek, two Latin and two German prizes. 



As a natural sequence, to the furore for Chapter Houses, 
which at present is the ultimatum of all chapters of every fra- 
ternity, whether weak or strong, comes the question of ways 
and means. That Chapter Houses are beneficial and desirable 
is at once conceded without a question. The Shield is 
heartily in favor of them and will rejoice to see the day when 
every college in the land can say that each fraternity dwelling 
within its borders has a Chapter House. 

The Greek press is just now teeming with suggestions as 
to how active chapters may best go to work to secure and pa\- 
for their houses. It seems a little strange to the writer that 
colleges have never grasped the idea that every Chapter House 
building was an additional monument - to the life and vitality 
of the institution. Hardly any recognition has been vouch- 
safed, and in some instances, efforts to build have been 
frowned upon or hindered by college faculties. 

It would naturally seem to an alumnus of twenty-five 
years ago, as he looks back upon things as they were then, and 
compares them with the present condition of college societies 
that the faculty of any college would not only hail with delight 
the advent of a new Chapter House building, but also come 
forward >vith offers of assistance. In the days of the writer's 
active college life — a fraternity Chapter House was a luxurious 
rarity only enjoyed by a very few of the fortunate societies. 

Theta Delta Chi had one **hair' of which we were verv 
proud. To-day Chapter Houses are a necessity. The char- 
acter of the Chapter Houses which are now being constructed 
is such that they are an ornament to any institution. They 
are pointed out as the most distinguishing features of the 
college. To build such houses requires more capital than can 
be provided by the active members of any fraternity. The 
first great obstacle is a nice plot of ground which wi\l make a 
suitable location. In the mind of the writer the colleges 
would be entirely justified in donating land enough for even- 
society to locate its building upon. The funds could not be 


devoted to any use which would strengthen the institution 
more. It would also give the faculty a moral interest in, and 
control over the buildings which would seem very desirable 
and entirely proper. All Chapter should be located 
upon college grounds or very near them. In any event there 
should be such a degree of sympathy between the chapters and 
the faculties as would suggest the application to them for coun- 
sel and approval, in the light of courtesy. We have wandered 
from our text to present some facts not yet suggested by other 
writers. The question of funds is the all absorbing topic. 
Several journals have suggested Fraternity building and loan 
associations. The ideas presented, although crude, possess 
one merit throughout: the keeping of our business within our- 
selves and the presentation of some scheme which will obvnate 
the necessity of leaning entirely upon a few wealthy graduate 
brothers. Another point is commendable. It is a bad plan to 
incur a debt, the possible payment of which can not be discov- 
ered in the near future. If boys in college are led into such a 
rash move, it sows the seed of error which some day may lead 
some of the same young men into hopeless debt and ruin. We 
might better not have the Chapter Houses if we can not pay 
for them. It is among the possibilities that the weakest 
chapter can erect and pay for a good house. Such a plan as 
will accomplish this possesses also the added merit of instilling 
economy and the habit of saving small sums. 

They may properly be called the successors of Savings 
Banks, as in reality they are Savings Banks with variations. 
The writer has had many years experience in this line. One 
of the oldest associations of this character in existence is 
located in this city and the editor has been on its financial 
board for over ten years. He is also vice-president of another 
association of the same character. The experience of these 
associations is that more than six per cent, can be earned on 
the money invested and the payments on stock are small. The 
payment of five dollars per month carries capital stock equiv- 
alent to $1,000, at maturity. This capital stock can be bor- 
rowed upon. If its full face is loaned the payment including 


interest becomes $10.00 per month. The proper way to go 
about building a house is to accumulate a fund before the build- 
ing is projected. This matter will be presented to the next 
convention and fully explain^. An intelligent delineation 
of the plan would occupy more space than we have at our 
command. The attention of charges is called to it for consid- 
eration. The delegates can communicate the plan to the 
charges after the convention. 


^«r ^rereluette^. 

Note. — This department we intend to make a special feature of The Shield, and 
to insure its completeness we desire every graduate to aid us by contributing such 
items of information — no matter how trimng they may seem — about members of the 
fraternity, the current happenings with themselves or their families, or matters 
affecting' their interests, as promptly as they occur or come to their ears. We would 
like to keep au courani with and pleasantly mention every graduate member and will 
be glad to do so if our wishes are fulfilled. — Editor. 

John Adams Johnson, Hobart, *62, was the first president of the 
Grand Lodge. He was a classmate of Bro. P. C. Gilbert, who succeeded 
him as second president. Both were initiated into the fraternity at the 
same time, both entered the army at the same time, serving as line 
officers of the same company in the 50th regiment, N. Y. Vols. Later on 
Johnson was transferred to the signal corps. Spon after leaving the army 
Bro. Johnson was elected a member of the New York Stock Exchange, 
and remauied such till his death. Brother Gilbert writes of him : * 'Jack 
was not demonstrative but he was a faithful, generous friend to those he 
liked. There was no hypocrisy in his make up. Physically he was 
without fear. This reminds me of an incident in the first week of his 
college life. Hazing, in those days, was rampant. Jack, as a Freshman, 
in appearance^ was typical of a class — ^tall, slim and awkward, and he was 
thought to be just the subject for Sophmoric discipline. Coming from 
chapel, one day, a muscular Soph. — probably the best Sullivan of his 
class — offered him some common indignity, which 'discipline' was not 
taken kindly although smilinglj'. A ring was formed in a second, and in 
almost a second of time the Soph, picked himself up from a position hor- 
izontal to the horizon, and his astonished, sympathetic friends brought 
water as a styptic for a hemorrhage of the nose. Jack's smile, I'll guar- 
antee, is remembered to this day, by all who saw that fracas. It was his 
only hazing until he became a Soph, and then he was the most conscien- 
tious oi Ins class." Brother Johnson, as the first president of the Grand 
Lorlge, was a good creative and executive oflScer. Being called upon 
during the introductory trial of an entirely new form of government 
which was entirely original — no other fraternity having a similar — it be- 
came necessary for him to interpret all its provisions and decide momen- 
tous questions, without the aid of any precedent. The editor can speak 
intelligently as he had the honor of being the Secretary' of the same 
grand lodge, and Bro. Johnson's co-worker. Well does he remember 
how Bro. Johnson would leave his business to w^ork in behalf of the fra- 

302 THE SHIElvD. 

ternity. Ever prompt in correspondence, ready at all times to heed a 
call to duty, he made a record second to none among his many able 

Merritt Caldwell Femald, Bowdoin '6i, was bom May 26, 1838, at 
South Levant, Penobscot county, Maine, where he resided during his 
course at Bowdoin college, ui>on which he entered in August, 1857. Left 
fatherless in early childhood, he obtained his education mainly through 
his own exertions, teaching four terms of school before his admission to 
college, and seven terms during the four years' course, most of this work 
being in the high school grade. He was graduated in 1861, receiving 
first honors, and election to the Phi Beta Kappa society at that time, 
three years later the Master's Degree in course, and in 1881 from his 
alma mater the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. After graduation he 
continued his work of teaching in and near his native town until the 
spring of 1863, when he became principal of Gould's academy in Bethel, 
Maine, where he remained a year and a half, resigning his position for 
the purpose of pursuing post-graduate studies at Harvard college, where 
he also acted for two winters as assistant to Prof. J. P. Cooke. In the 
spring of 1865 he assumed the charge of the academy in Houlton, Maine, 
retaining it till the autumn of 1866, when he was chosen principal of a 
similar school in Foxcroft, Maine. Accepting this position he retained 
it until the opening of the Maine State College of Agriculture and the 
Mechanic Arts in 1868. He was then elected professor of mathematics 
and Physics in that institution, where he also served for the next three 
years as acting president. After carrying on the work of this professor- 
ship for ten years, in 1879 he was chosen to the presidency of the college 
which position he has held since that date. In politics he is a Republi- 
can, in religion a Congregational ist. He married, August 24, 1865, Mar}* 
Lovejoy Heywood, of Bethel, Maine, and has five children. 

T. Guilford Smith, R. P. I., '61, was elected a member of the Board of 
Regents of the University of the State of New York by the last Legisla- 
ture. He was appointed a member of the standing committee on finance 
at the first meeting of the board after his election. Bro. Smith is in 
ever>' way deserving of the honor. An extensive personal was published 
in the April number of the current volume, page 50. 

Martin Van Buren Ward, Hamilton, '65, was one of the **old fellows" 
who returned to enjoy the twenty-fifth reunion of his class at the recent 
commencement. Bro. Ward is Psi's oldest member, and he seemed as 
pleased to see the "home" in Clinton as he was to meet his old class- 
mates; for he had not been in the old college town for twenty-two years 
and had not known of the prosperity of the fraternity. His whereabouts 
had' been unknown during all this time and his visit was like the finding 
of a long lost son. Since his graduation he has been engaged in pro- 
ducing crude petroleum in the oil regions of Pennsylvania and has met 


with good success. His home, nicely situated in the midst of the sentinel- 
like derricks at Duke Centre, Pa., is a bright spot for any stray Theta 
Delt. The latch-string is ever out and one needs but to pull it to receive 
a hearty welcome from "Mart" and his hospitable family. A biograph- 
ical record of the class of '65 says he was noted for his many narrow- 
escapes from death. "It is related of him that when a boy of 14 his foot 
became entangled in an anchor chain, as it was being thrown overboard 
from a lake transport, and he went to the bottom of Lake Erie; but he 
succeeded in disentangling himself, came to the surface and escaped by 
swinuning. At another time during one of the summer vacations, when 
assisting in celebrating one of the Union victories, he was severely in- 
jured by the premature discharge of a cannon and carried the marks of 
the powder upon his face and hands for months afterward. During his 
junior year he narrowly escaped being poisoned by eating arsenic, hav- 
ing mistaken it for salt. But his presence of mind did not desert him, 
for rushing to the laboratory, he took a large dose of FegOj, which, act- 
ing as an antidote, saved his life." 

F. F. Burgin, Tufts, '80, was bom in Portland, Me., May 28, 1858. 
He entered Tufts College in 1876. He joined Kappa soon after entering 
college and while in college was one of the active workers. In 1879 he 
left college and entered the office of the Hon. Bion Bradbury, of Portland, 
as a student of law. A year was spent here. Removing to Chicago, an- 
other year was studiously occupied in the office of McCleagg, Culver & 
Butler. He was admitted to the bar at Harlan, Iowa, where he practiced 
—or rather waited three months for clients to practice on. During this 
period he captured two victims, from one of whom he succeeded in 
squeezing J1.50 and from the other 75 cents. Fearing that this unheard 
of prosperity would ruin the town, he shook the dust from his feet and 
sped away to Chicago and became a reporter on the Chicago Daily News, 
Meeting with success in this line, he was promoted to assistant city edi- 
tor. He went from Chicago to Milwaukee and became city editor of the 
Sentinel^ then owned by the Hon. Horace Rublee, ex-Minister to Sweden. 
This position he filled with credit. In 1884 he removed to New York 
city and took a position on the Worlds then just beginning to feel the 
influence of Joseph Pulitzer's energy. After three years' faithful service 
on this paper, he accepted the city editorship of the Star under William 
Dorsheimer. Soon after the Press was started he was tendered the posi- 
tion of city editor and accepted, owing to the fact that his political views 
did not harmonize with those of the Star. After two years' service as 
city editor he was complimented by a tender of the managing editor's 
chair, and to-day is ably filling it as successor to Robert P. Porter, Com- 
missioner of the Census Bureau, who was editor-in-chief, and until his 
time was entirely taken up in Washington, gave his personal attention 
to all the details of the office. It is decidedly flattering to Bro. Burgin *s 


abilities that he was chosen to fill the place of so able a predecessor. In 
1887 Bro. Burgitt was married to Mrs. Marie Griswold Hanchett, of Mil- 
waukee, Wis. We are glad Bro. Burgin is a Theta Delt. He adds one 
to the galaxy of stars. 

Rev. Lewis Halsey, Hobart *68, is honored with the degree of Doctor 
of Divinity, which was conferred upon him by his Alma Mater at the 
last commencement. It was a graceful recognition of his scholarly at- 
tainments and a well merited honor. Many pleasant comments have 
appeared in the press. The following from the Geneva Courier of July 
2, '90, we are glad to reproduce: 

* ' Among the degrees most creditable conferred for many years by 
Hobart college is that of Doctor of Divinity, given to Rev. Lewis Hal<ey, 
at the recent commencement. He was graduated at Hobart in 1868, and 
at Rochester Theological Seminary in 1872. He was ordained at Ogden, 
his first pastorate, in 1872, and became pastor of the Baptist church at 
Farmer Village, Seneca county — a large and flourishing church — in 1874. 
Bom in Trumansburg, a few miles south of Farmer Village, he is a son 
of Trumansburg church. But he is a grandson of Covert, the town in 
which Farmer Village is situated, and was "adopted into the family" at 
Farmer Villajge. He remains the honored pastor of the Farmer Village 
church, and is in the seventeenth year of his pastorate. 

Dr. Halsey is widely appreciated for his admirable qualities as a 
preacher and pastor, and his scholarly tastes and acquirements have 
given him a deserved pre-eminence. He is a successful writer as well as 
minister of the gospel. His * 'History of the Seneca Baptist Association," 
of about three hundred pages, gives good evidence of his literary ability. 
It is not merely a recital of facts of ecclesiastical interest, but em- 
braces some highly interesting chapters of early history of the Seneca 
Nation of Indians and of the pioneer settlement of this region. It is a 
book of permanent value. 

Dr. Halsey's literary work, done on any and all occasions, when he 
could be of service to his neighbors and friends, or to the literary or 
other organizations which have constantly called on him, evinces a rare 
combination of talent. He has often written and spoken in the commence- 
ment and other exercises of Hobart college and its alumni; his tribute a 
year ago to the late Professor John Towler was one of the most tender 
and graceful of its kind that our people have ever been privileged to 
hear. Genevans are thus in a special sense interested in this honorar)' 
degree conferred by Hobart; it would be well if in all cases it were given 
as worthily. 

Hon. Franklin M. Drew, Bowdoin, '58, of Lewiston, Me., entered 
public life very early. While yet a Senior in college he was assistant 
clerk in the Secretary of State's office. After g^duation he studied law 
for a time. During the legislative session of 1860-61 he was assistant 
clerk of the House of Representatives. Early in 1861 he joined the Fif- 
teenth Maine Volunteers as a private. In December of that year he re- 
ceived a Captain's commission. In September, 1862, he was promoted 
to Major, for gallant ser\nce rendered. This was quickly followed by 
Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, and in 1865 Brevet Colonel. Returning to 
Maine at the close of the war, he was at once made Clerk of the House 


of Representatives for the sessions of 1866-67. In 1868 he was elected 
Secretary of State, which office he held till 1872. From 1873 to 1877 he 
was United States Pension Agent at Augusta, Me. In 1878 he removed 
to Lewiston, where he still resides, and is engaged in the practice of law. 
In 1865 Bro. Drew was elected a member of the Board of Trustees of 
Bowdoin College and in the following year was made Secretary of the 
Board. He still holds the position. He was Commander of the Maine 
G. A. R. in 18^9. He has been Judge of Probate in Androscoggin county 
since January, 1889. He is a member of the Maine Historical Society. 

Hon. Melvin P. Frank, Tufts, '65, Portland, Me., is the Democratic 
candidate from the first Maine district for Speaker Reed's seat in the 
House. Barring politics, the Shield hopes he wi^l get there. Bro. 
Frank is a leader in Maine Democracy and an honored citizen of Port- 

Herbert H. Chase, Bowdoin, *82, Brockton, Mass., studied law after 
leaving college, and was admitted to the bar in 1885. In 1888 he formed 
a copartnership with Judge Sumner, which continued till the Judge's 
death, in January, 1890. Since that time he has formed a copartnership 
with Mr. F. M. Bixby. The firm "Chase & Bixby" is located at 106 
Main street, and is doing a fine law business. 

Frank M. Byron, Bowdoin, '79, has been a railroad man ever since 
he left college. He is the Chicago City Passenger and Ticket Agent of 
the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad Co. His office is at 66 
Clark street 

Milton W. George, Hamilton, '75, is permanently located in Petos- 
key, Mich., engaged in the practice of law. Bro. George writes that 
Petoskey is the paradise of America. He invites all Theta Delts to come 
that way and spend a summer. Of course that means spend it with him. 
It's a free invitation. The Shield says let us go. Whoever does visit 
Bro. George will be sure of a hearty welcome. 

Osgood T. Eastman, Amherst, '86, resigned his position in Kansas 
City May ist, to become a member of the "Searle & Hereth Co.," Pharm- 
aceutical Chemists, of Chicago, 111. His address is comer Jackson and 
Canal streets. An extended personal of Bro. Eastman was published in 
the April number, page 52. 

L. P. Snow, Dartmouth, '76, is a full-fledged LL. B. He graduated 
with honors from the Columbia Law School, Washington, June 10, 1890. 
He received the first prize of $50 for the best essay 

Rev. A. B. Shields, Boston University, *86, after a course at the Epis- 
copal Theological School, Cambridge, Mass., was ordained to the dia- 
conate and entered upon his duties as rector of the Mission Church of 
the Ascension, Waltham, Mass., June, '89. Success has attended his 


labors, the congregation having greatly increased since his advent The 
Bishop has honored his church by appointing the annual ordination of 
priests to take place there on May 22d, when Bro. Shields will, with 
eight others, be admitted to that sacred order. 

Rev. Francis H. Robinson, Hamilton, '74, is the oldest resident of 
Templeton, Cal., and pastor of the Presbyterian Church. He preached 
the first sermon in the new town before a saloon was opened. He speaks 
of the climate as the best on earth. After a residence in six different 
states of the United States and in three different countries, he is quite 
competent to pass an opinion. Bro. Robinson has a w4fe and three child- 
ren. He extends a hearty invitation to all Theta Delts to visit him. A 
peculiar circumstance in connection with Bro. Robinson is that he was a 
resident of Elmira for a time, and only after his departure did the editor 
learn that he was a Theta Delt. This ignorance deprived us of making 
his acquaintance, and illustrates what the Shield might have done in 
tlie way of bringing us together. A letter just received from Bro. Robin- 
son announces his removal to Livermore, Cal. 

P. C. Kauffman, Lafayette, — , who formerly resided in Hazleton. 
has for several years been in Washington. He is Vice-President of the 
Commercial Bank, of Vancouver, of which bank Bro. George B. Markle, 
of Portland, Oregon, is President. If some Theta Delt would only apply 
for the Cashiership, this bank, at least, would be *'dyed in the wool and 
a yard wide. ' ' As it is, however, we will go our pile on this for a good 
Theta Delt Bank. If any Theta Delt gets "stranded" in Washington 
and don't call on Bro. Kauffman, it will not be the Shiri^d's fault A 
hearty welcome is assured, as Bro. Kauffman has a heart as large as ox, 
and it is thoroughly steeped in Theta Delta Chi. 

Vcn. Calbraith B. Perry, Brown, '67, resigned from the Grand Lodge, 
owing to a severe sickness which threatened both mind and body. For 
some time he was almost lost sight of. After rest and restoration to 
health he accepted for a time the rectorship of Trinity Church, Danville, 
111. He received the appointments of Bishop of Tennessee, Archdeacon 
of the Diocese, and Warden of Hoffman Theological Hall, which is con- 
nected with Fiske University, Nashville, Tenn. Bro. Perry's life is a 
very busy one, yet his devotion to the fraternity is everlasting. 

James H. Perry, R. P. I., '61, entered the Engineer Corps of the 
I'nited States Navy in 1862 and has stuck to his post faithfully ever since. 
He can be addressed care of Navy Department, Washington, D. C. 

V. Mott Pierce, Harvard, '80, has settled down to business with a 
vengeance. H« is vSecretary and Treasurer of "The American Engine 
Co.," Director of "Buffalo Loan, Trust and Safe Deposit Co.," and 
Secretary of " The World's Dispensar>- Medical Association of Buffalo." 
His personal appearance, however, does not indicate that he is borne 


down with the arduous duties attendant upon these several responsible 
p>ositions. He is a married man and boasts of the ' 'class baby, " of which 
he seems to be prouder than of all his other earthly possessions. Buffalo 
contains a number of Theta Delts, among whom Bro. Pierce is a promi- 
nent factor. 

Walter T. Chandler, Washington and Lee, '71, has resided in Chi- 
cago since graduation. His life has been spent in mercantile pursuits. 
He is a member of the firm of Franklin MacVeagh & Co. , wholesale 
grocers. This firm is a very large one and does an extensive business. 
Bro. Chandler is unmarried, but otherwise happy and prospering. Put 
his name on your list and when you visit the great World's Fair don't 
fail to call on him. 

Arhtur G. Hatch, Cornell, '82, left college at the end of Sophomore 
year and entered Harvard. Received degree of A. B. from Harvard in 
'84 and LL. B. in 1887. He is practicing law. His office address is No. 
5 Pemberton Square, Boston. 

J. M. Frost, Hobart, '84, after graduating, took up his residence in 
Hudson, N Y., where he finally became Superintendent of Schools. He 
resigned in September, 1889, and removed to Faribault, Minn., to be- 
come instructor in elocution and composition in the Shattuck school. 
This is one of the largest and best equipped military institutions in the 
country. Bro. George C. Tanner is chaplain of the school. Faribault 
also boasts of another institution, "The Seabury Divinity School, " which 
has two Theta Delts in its faculty, Rev. J^ McBride Sterrett and Rev. 
Charles A. Poole. Bro. Frost writes that he hopes soon to see a graduate 
association in the Northwest. St Paul would be a good spot to plant one 
in. He is loud in his praise of the Shiei^d and says he has one son who 
is pledged to Theta Delta Chi. 

A. G. Benedict, Hamilton, 72, the Principal of Houghton Female 
Seminary, sailed for Glasgow, July loth, on the Anchor line steamer Cir- 
cassia. Mrs. Benedict accompanied him. The trip was to be of six 
weeks duration. From a letter received since the above was written we 
learn of their safe return. 

George H. Wood, Union, '57, was bom in Brewster, N. Y., Dec. 12, 
1833. Graduated at Union in 1857, was married in 1859 to Miss Mary J. 
VanDuzer, of Mountainville, Orange Co., N. Y. He settled down imme- 
diately after his marriage upon the old homestead farm in Brewster and 
was a faithful and honorable tiller of the soil till the day of his death, 
which occurred June i, 1890, from a sudden attack of apoplexy. A very 
kindly memory of Theta Delta Chi was cherished by Bro. Wood, and by 
the request of his family the Shield furnished an appropriate design to 
be carved upon his monument. Thus are Alpha's members lessening. 
Soon all will be gone. 


Charles Poindexter, W. & M., '59, is Assistant State Librarian of 
Virginia, residing at Richmond. 

John T. Perrin, W. & M., '55, has been a representative in the Vir- 
ginia Legislature of Gloucester Co. He resides at Gloucester C. H. 

Richard A. Walke, W. & M., '56, is engaged in the insurance busi> 
ness at Norfolk, Va., as a partner with his brother, \V. Talbot Walke. 

Van Taliaferro, W. & M., *54, is residing at Roanoke, Virginia, where 
he occupies an ofificial position in connection with the Norfolk & Western 
Railroad Co. 

J. Newton Murphy, \V. & M., '54, was a clerk in the U. S. Pension 
Bureau at Washington under the Cleveland administration. He is now 
living at Westmoreland Co., Virginia. 

W. Talbot Walke, W. & M., '55, of Norfolk, Va., is engaged in 
the fire, life, and marine insurance business. His business is large and 
has brought him wealth, we are glad to report. 

Cyrus W. Grandy, W. & M., '55, of Elizabeth, N. C, is a prominent 
lawyer and man of influence in his locality. He was an unsuccessful 
candidate for Congress from his district last ^'ear. 

James May, Jr., W. & M., '54, served in the Confederate army in the 
early part of the late war, but soon becoming badly disabled was forced 
to retire. His death occurred about three years ago. 

James G. Gillam, '54, W. & M., was a physician in Northumberland 
Co., Va., and represented that county in the Legislature during the years 
1873-4-5. His death occurred soon after the termination of his legisla- 
tive career. 

Edgar B. Montague, W. & M., '56, of Middlesex Co., Va., has been 
very prominent in the politics of his State. A vague rumor of his death 
is extant The Shiei,d would be glad to receive definite information 
regarding him. 

William H. Graves, W. & M., '55, was in the Confederate army, and 
at the close of the war located at Montgomerj^ Alabama, where he now 
resides practicing law. He is still warmly remembered by his old col- 
lege associates. 

F. C. S. Hunter, W. & M., '55, is a prominent resident of King 
George's C. H., Va. He has been Commonwealth Attorney, Judge and 
member of the State Legislature, positions which indicate that he is held 
in high esteem by the community at large. 

Hon. Wm. D. Bloxham, W. and M., '54, of Tallahasse, Fla.. has ju.<it 
been nominated for State Comptroller by the Democrats of the orange 
grove state. Bro. Bloxham is one of the pioneere of that state. He was 


elected to the state legislature in 1861, a presidential elector on the Sey- 
mour and Blair ticket in 1868, and in 1870 was elected Ivieutenant-Gov- 
ernor. His election was a surprise to friends and foes alike. In 1872 he 
was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor. In 1876 he was elected 
Secretary of State. In 1880 he was elected Governor by 5000 majority. 
His term of ofiSce covered the period from 1881 to January 1885. Since 
that time he has been in political retirement until the present nomina- 
tion. Governor Bloxham is a man of decided abilities and high charac- 
ter. He commands the genuine respect of all alike, and the Fraternity 
may well feel proud of so honorable and loyal a member. 

John C. NicoUs, W. & M., '53, of Blackshear, Georgia, was bom at 
Clinton, Jones Co., Ga., April 25, 1834; was educated at William and 
Mary College, Virginia; is by profession a lawyer and is also a planter; 
was a soldier in the confederate army during the entire war: a member of 
the National Democratic Convention that nominated John C. Brecken- 
ridge for President; a member of the State Constitutional Convention of 
1865; the Elector of the First District of Georgia on the Seymour and 
Blair ticket in 1868; a member of the Georgia Senate from 1870 to 1875, 
serving therein as Chairman of the Committee to Investigate the Ad- 
ministration of Governor Bullock; President of the Senate, and came 
within two votes of being elected Governor; a member of the Forty 
sixth and Forty-ninth Congresses, (1879-81 and 1883-85) from the First 
District of Georgia. Such evidences of the esteem with which he is re- 
garded by the people and of his service to the state, will be accepted with 
gratification by his early friends and the fraternity. 

Mott D. Ball, '53, W. & M., who died about three years ago, was U. S. 
Collector of Customs for the district of Alaska during the administration 
of President Hayes, and one of the Commissioners for that territory 
under President Cleveland. His wife still lives in Fairfax Co., Va., and 
his daughter is the wife of Lieutenant Ball. U. S. N. 

Henry Gwynn, W. & M., '55, formerly of Baltimore, Md., became a 
civil engineer. After leaving college he held official professional posi- 
tions in North Carolina for several years, and later occupied a govern- 
ment position in one of the departments at Washington. His subsequent 
history and present whereabouts are unknown. 

Joseph Q. Griswold, W. & M., '55, late of Petersburg, Va., aband- 
oned the practice of law after the war and became the principal of a 
large female school in that city. His death took place some years ago, 
the precise date of which the Shiei^d is uuable to give. 

Hon, Thomas Smith, W. & M., '55, is a son of the late William 
Smith, twice Governor of Virginia, and has attained almost equal promi- 
nence to his father. In addition to his former positions of Brigadier- 
General C. S. A., County Judge, and visitor of the University of Virginia, 


he has lately been a member of the Virginia Legislature, and under 
President Cleveland was U. S. Land Commissioner for the territory of 
New Mexico. His residence is at Warrenton, Va. 

J. Howard Lott, Lafayette, '73, studied medicine after leaving college, 
and graduated from the Jefferson Medical College in 1878. He imme- 
diately entered the regular army and was acting assistant surgeon till 
1886, when he resigned and removed to Buffalo, Wyoming, where he has 
a fine medical practice. 

Rev. David Gregg, D. D., Jefferson, '65, pastor of Park Street Church, 
Boston, gave the address before the Y. M. C. A., of Washington and 
Jefferson College at its last commencement. The doctor was a graduate 
from Jefferson just before its union with Washington, and the fact that 
twenty-five years have passed since the consolidation was effected, gave 
particular interest to the commencement season, one day of which was 
given up to the commemoration. 

Irving A. Bumap Amherst, '88, has been appointed librarian at Hart- 
ford Theological Seminary to succeed E. C. Richardson, who has been 
chosen to the position at Princeton made vacant by the death of Dr. 
Frederic Vinton. 

Edwin Fairlcy, Amherst, '86, now of Union Theological Seminary, is 
ministering acceptably to the church at Pitcher, N. Y. This is Brother 
Fairley's second season in this place, and the esteem in which he is held 
is shown by the fact that he was chosen to deliver the Memorial Day 

Rev. James Scott Young, Amherst, '86, was recently installed as pas- 
tor of the Presbyterian church at Garfield, N. J. This is a young and 
vigorous church in a growing town, and Theta Delts, as well as other 
friends of Brother Young will rejoice in the favorable circumstances 
undc?r which he begins his work. 

William A. Deering, Bowdoin, '75, after graduation assumed the prin- 
cipalship of Gilmanton Academy, N. H., which he held for two years, 
leaving in 1877 to accept a similar position at Essex Classical Institute, 
Essex, Vt. After several years of successful teaching there, he was called 
to the I'niversity of Vermont as instructor in history. He was also, for 
a time, secretary of the faculty and curator of buildings. He was con- 
nected with the university for a number of years. He is now proprietor 
and principal of the Young Ladies' Seminary, Clifton Springs, Ontario 
County, N. Y. He has always been deeply interested in religious work, 
and was one of the prime movers in establishing a summer school at 
Clifton Springs, which holds its first session during the present summer. 
This school is designed to give religious instruction, and is similar to the 
one conducted at Northfield, Mass., by Mr. Moody. That Bro. Deering 


is to give instruction is a sufficient guarantee of its success. Bro. Enoch 
M. Deering, Eta, '64, who died in June, 1862, was a brother. 

Allen E. Rogers, fiowdoin, '76, has been professor of modem lan- 
jf uages at the Maine State College since 1 879. He is one of the most 
popular professors in the college. 

Melvin H. Orr, Bowdoin, '84, is practicing law at Benicia, Cal. 

James L. Higgins, Bowdoin, '78, left college during his junior year 
and engaged in the study of law in Minneapolis. He was admitted to 
the bar in November, 1877, and settled in Fairmount, Minn. In 1879 ^^ 
was elected county attorney of Martin county, and held the office six 
years. During the same year he was also elected recorder and assessor 
of Fairmount, and four years later city attorney. Since 1886 he has 
practiced in Minneapolis, being a member of the firm of Higgins & Hig- 
gins. He spent several weeks in his native state (Maine) during the 
present summer. 

Rev. C. W. Longren, Bowdoin, '84, has been until recently, pastor of 
the Congregational church in Freeport, Me. Early in the present sum- 
mer he accepted a call to the church at Barre, Vt. 

Wilson Nevins, Bowdoin, '75, is teacher of English in the high school 
at Salem, Mass. 

B. S. Hobbs, Bowdoin, *74, has been in the cotton business since grad- 
uation. He was at one time junior member of a cotton firm in Selma, 
Ala. He is now superintendent of Aurora Cotton Mills, Aurora, Illinois. 

G. B. Chandler, Bowdoin, '90, assumes the charge of the high school 
at Franklin, Mass., with the opening of the school year. There were 
between forty and fifty applicants for this position, and it is quite a com- 
pliment to Bro. Chandler to be selected from so many. 

M. P. Frank, Tufts, is president of the trustees of the Maine Eye and 
Ear Infirmary, Portland, Me. 

Hon. Frederic C. Stevens, Bowdoin, '8r, received the degree of LL. B. 
from Iowa State University in 1884, and immediately settled in St. 
Paul, where he has practiced continuously to the present time. He was 
one of the representatives from the city of St, Paul to the Minnesota 
Legislature for the session of 1889-90, and is now chairman of St. Paul 
City Central Republican Committee. His address is 606, Pioneer J^ess 
Building, St Paul, Minn. 

Daniel H. Felch, Bowdoin, '78, was associated with William A. Deer- 
ing, Bowdoin, *75, as assistant principal of Essex Classical Institute, 
Essex Vt., during '78 and '79. In October '79 he entered Harvard Law 
School, where he studied one year. In 188 1 he was admitted to Massa- 
chusetts bar at Worcester, and in 1889 he was admitted at Spokane 


Palls, Wash., to practice law in the State of Washington. He is located 
at Cheney, Wash., in the law and real estate business. He recently de< 
clined the nomination for superintendent of schools of Spokane county, 
on the Republican ticket 

Z. W. Kemp, Bowdoin, '84, has been at the head of the I^atin Depart- 
ment of Tabor Academy, Marion, Mass., since the summer of 'S9, and 
acts as sub-master. He is a matriculant in the post-graduate department 
of the Illinois Wesley an University, taking a three years' course in Latin, 
for the degree of Ph. D. Bro. Kemp takes an active interest in the wel- 
fare of the Eta charge and is a true Theta Delt 

A. D. Gray, Bowdoin, '81, is Master in the William Penn Charter 
School, 8 South Twelfth street, Philadelphia. 

A. M. Edwards, Bowdoin, '80, was elected one of the vice-presidents 
for the State of Maine, of the American Institute of Instruction, at the 
last session, July '90. He resides at Lewiston, Me. 

Brevet Major-General H. £. Thomas, U. S. A., Bowdoin, '58, was 
chief marshal of the parade at the time of the reunion of the Army of 
the Potomac, held in Portland, Me., July 4, 1890. The Boston Globe of 
July 5th, contained a portrait of General Thomas. 

Rev. E. M. Cousins, Bowdoin, '77, was superintendent of the depart- 
ment of Biblical Instruction at the annual assembly of the Northern 
New England Chautauqua Union, held at Fryeburg, Me., August i, and 
gave a lecture in his department each day. Bro. Cousins was elected a 
member of the board of overseers of Bowdoin College at the last com- 
mencement. He is pastor of the church at Cumberland Mills, Me. 

Frank Winter, Bowdoin, '80, and W. C. Winter, Bowdoin, '83, are 
members of the law finn of Winter, Esch & Winter, having offices at 
the McMillan Building, comer Main and Fourth streets, La Crosse, Wis., 
and at 729 Rose street. No. La Crosse. 

Eugene T. McCarthy, Bowdoin, '82, studied law in the office of Hon. 
William D. Northend at Salem, Mass., and was admitted to the bar Oc- 
tober 14, 1884. He practiced law at Salem until May 1888, and since 
that time at Lynn, Mass. His address is 58 Central avenue. 

W. W. Curtis, Bowdoin, '82, has been a teacher ever since he gradua- 
ted. He has been principal of high schools at Gorham, Me., November 
'82 to July '85; Holbrook, Mass., September '85 to July '88, and at 
Pawtucket, R. I., from September '88 to the present time. He is a mem- 
ber of the American College and Educational Society. He received his 
degree of A. M. in course. His address is 37 Spring street, Pawtucket, 
Rhode Island. 


Roswell Linscott, Bowdoin, '83, has been a bookkeeper in Boston 
since graduation. He was with the Charter Oak Life Insurance Com- 
pany, *83-'85 ; George S. Safford, *85-'88, and Keeler & Co., since '88. 
Address, 91 Washington street, Boston. He is a brother of Frank K. 
Linscott, Bowdoin, '88. 

Ernest S. Bartlett, Bowdoin, '88, has been appointed a clerk in the 
census bureau. 

Howard L. Lunt, Bowdoin, '85, is principal of the Harvard Military 
Academy, comer Sixth and Hill streets. Los Angeles, Cal. 

Rev. R. S. Green, D. D., Hamilton, '67, has been spending the sum- 
mer in Europe. He returns in September. Dr. Green's address is 458 
Main street. Orange, N. J. 

Abel Beach, Alpha, '49, wrote "an old settlers poem" which was read 
at the old settlers celebration in Iowa city in August. The press speaks 
of it in the highest terms. Brother Beach's poems are becoming quite 
famous. The American Publishing Association has requested the privi- 
lege of publishing his poems in full. 

Dr. Charles F. Stokes, Columbia, '84, is Assistant Surgeon of the U. 
S. Steamship Iroquois. 

Lieutenant Harry Q. Trout, Dickinson, '85, Ninth U. S. Cavalry, is 
doing duty in the recruiting service at Fort Washakie, Wyoming. 

T. L. Palmer, Amherst, '85, is studying for orders in the Episcopal 
church. Address Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge, Mass. 

A. J. Hopkins, Amherst, '85, enters Johns Hopkins this fall for ad- 
vanced work in chemistry. 

S. A. Sherman, Amherst, '85, who has been principal of the Am- 
herst High School ever since his graduation, accepts a fine position in 
the Penn Charter School, Philadelphia, as teacher of Latin and German. 
Brother Sherman has been abroad this summer for study i^ Germany. 

H. K. Whitaker, Amherst, '90, takes the principalship of the Am- 
herst High School, succeeding Brother Sherman. 

F. H. Wilder, Kappa, '86, is engaged in real estate business at 
CavaUer, North Dakota. 

C. H. Puffer, Kappa, '83, has accepted a unanimous call to become 
the pastor of the First Universalist church at Stonington, Mass. 

F. W. Hamilton, Kappa, '80, has accepted a call to the First 
Universalist church of Pawtucket, R. I . 



On May 2d Brother Felix St. A. Covin, Rho Deuteron, "83, was 
married to Miss Sadie F. Hatch, of Rochester, N. Y. Brother Covin 
was one of the foundere of K", and has been a true and steadfast friend 
of both the New York city charges ever since joining the fraternity. He 
leaves his father's office in New York, to engage in business in Cbica(:o, 
and we hope he will find life as pleasant there as he has so often made :[ 
for the Theta Delts in New York. 


Brother Ambrose de Cardenas, Pi Deuteron. 'S', was married oi) 
May 16, 1890, to Miss May Homer, of New York city. 


As many letters are received which are best communicated to the readers of the 
Shield in their natural condition, this department has been organized. Letters are 
invited on any subject of interest to the Fraternity. Sup^gestions or opinions on cur- 
rent fratcniity topics and reminiscences, or personal history of any Theta Delt, will 
be welcomed.* The opinions advanced are not necessarily approved by the editor. 
Everj'one is permitted to speak his mind. 

Warren, Penn., June 5, 1890. 

Dear Brother: I feel very grateful to you for the kind words received 
yesterday at the same moment that I mailed my subscription for the 
vShield. The coincidence is remarkable, almost canny as a Scotch- 
man might think. Brother Stone gave me a lively stirring up and sent 
me two copies ot the Shield, to be returned to him immediately, which 
I did, at the same time writing to you to add my name to your list. In 
a P. S. to my letter to Brother Stone I gave the facts regarding the first 
and only issue of the Shield of long ago. I sent it to him for approval, 
and if he thought best, to forward to you. He is given credit with hav-. 
ing something to do with that little insignificant sheet; which is a great 
injustice to him. The truth is that, at that time, we were not acquainted, 
and the only person responsible was myself. As I wrote him the idea 
was something to be proud of, but the result was simply a curiosity in the 
way of lilliputian journalism, and of insignificant interest. That a copy 
should have survived until now, to become of value as an antique, is a 
greater honor than deserved. Surely our "foolishness doth confront 
us, ' but "let her slide." Would like to see a copy, as I have only a 
vague idea of the contents. 

I may write you again should anything occur to me likely to be of in- 
terest to your readers. My personal history, especially of late years, is 
without interest. Have done nothing except to fight the demon of ill- 
health — ^the result of Texas malaria. Am at last, however, in fair phy- 
sical condition, and hope soon to enter into some active business. 

Did not intend to write only a word about the Shield, but it occurs to 
me that a new catalogue is being compiled and that there is a request for 
information, especially regarding army service. The old catalogue 
credits me all right as far as it goes, but for the last two years of the war 
I was acting division surgeon, General Hardin's division, Twenty -second 
Army corps. 

A word about the Shield. I find that "Col. Wm. E. Stone and 
others" are credited with being responsible for the first number of the 


Shield. I have blushed for the presumption that evolved that homely, 
insignificant little sheet. How well I recollect that idle season at 
Geneva, N. Y., when the ambition seized me to publish "a journal in 
the interests of 6 A X." It was issued from the press of the Gazette of 
that town. I have since wondered that I was not mobbed for sending it 
forth. My personal safety was undoubtedly due to sympathy for what was 
deemed my insanity. As I now see the beautiful, ably-edited and inter- 
esting magazine of the same name, am not surprised that the publisher 
feels that he may show a fac simile copy of that first ambitious attempt 
in the way of college fraternity journalism without fear of unfavorable 
comparison. The idea was great, and it is splendidly vindicated, so to 
speak, in the present publication. Hie labor hoc opus est. 

Very sincerely, P. C. Gilbert. 

Cleveland, O., Sept. 6, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes: I have only this moment received your letter 
of the 26th of August, which was delayed by being sent to Washington. I 
fear it is too late for you to print even the briefest note in your next 
number, but I take pleasure in saying I was a classmate of William Leete 
Stone and one of his staunch friends in college. He showed at that early 
age a marked taste for literature, and a fine promise of the brilliant suc- 
cess he has since achieved as a writer. He was a hearty, whole-souled, 
generous fellow, capable of devoted friendships, and the best company in 
the world. But why should I say was? That is what he is, and what his 
friends hope he may continue to be for many a day to come. 

Yours sincerely, John Hay. 

WooNSOCKET, R. I., Aug. 25, i86a 
Dear Brother: I am reminded of my duty to the Shield. I do not 
propose to let another mail leave tliis city^ without containing a letter to 
you enclosing my mite to assist in the good work. I understand that 
you are soon to publish something relating to Bro. Stone. Whatever it 
may be I shall wish to see it, for Stone is a very old and dear friend, 
one of the first acquaintances I made in college, now more than thirty 
years ago, and we have always remained fast friends, drawn nearer to 
each other through the bonds of our fraternity. What is perhaps a little 
singular Theta Delta Chi is the only secret society I ever joined, so I 
look to it with a good deal of interest, and hold the members of it as 
especial friends. Wishing you much success in your undertaking, I am. 

Yours sincerely, Daniel B. Pond. 

PoTTSviLLE, Pa,, June 14th, 1890. 
My Dear Frank: Was it Rip Van Winkle who exclaimed, in bitter- 
ness of soul on his return from a little excursion in the mountains, "How 
soon we are forgotten?" 


If I began to feel a little VanWinklish myself, up here among the 
mountains, it would not be strange, but I have had an awakening and a 
realizing sense that "Time does not destroy, nor separation break" old 
college friendships and fraternal ties. 

I have been honored with an invitation to attend "the twenty-third 
annual banquet of the Phi Charge of Theta Delta Chi." Great Scott! 
old fellow, we must be growing old. 

The invitation seems like a leaf from the past, and I feel that should 
it be accepted by all the old boys of the '6o's and '70's there would hardly 
be room for all of us in Easton at the same time. It would be dangerous 
for the public peace, and we would incarnadine the whole town. How 
we would wag our bald and bleached heads, how we would work our old 
jaws, how we would resurrect the moss grown lies and chestnuts of the 
olden time, and how our senile laughter would raise the ghosts and waken 
the pathetic echoes of "the halls of Phi." I fancy the youngsters of the 
present generation standing by, wide-mouthed and wondering at our 
vitality, and courteously but pityingly applauding our venerable quirks 
and jokes, and secretly wondering how soon we would emulate the "one 
hoss shay," and fall to pieces before their eyes. 

I read over the invitation again, and I think how greatly "the pleasure 
of my company" to those present would be exceeded by the pleasure 
their company would be to me, and I sigh as I think how many good 
things there are in life that a fellow can't have, for I would enjoy, above 
all things, a day with the boys and a night with the bottles, but the "d 
w t b"* is prevented by business engagements, and if I should eat a supper 
"at eleven o'clock" (I presume it means eleven p. m.) it would lay me 
up for a week and might give Brother Holmes a chance to try his hand 
on a first-class obituary notice in the fraternity journal. The spirit is 
more than willing, but the flesh is weak, and while I might manage to 
leave business for the occasion, my health requires very regular habits at 

Give my kindest and most loving greeting to the boys. Tell them to 
"whoop her all around the town," "wind up their little balls of yarn," 
narrate how "old Mrs. Potiphar put Joseph into prison," and, in fact, 
celebrate all the ritual and ceremonies of the festive and time honored 
occasion, and in the midst of their glee tell them how an old and bald 
headed brother is at home mourning the fate that keeps him from their 
midst As the boy said, "thats me." 

Fraternally and sincerely yours, J. M. Harris. 

CoBOURG, Ont., June 17, 1890. 

My Dear Brother: I am just in receipt of the Shiei<d of June, it 

having been forwarded to me here at my country place. As I shall no 

doubt be here until October, and I note your next number will be issued 

September ist, will you kindly remember to send that number here in- 

3l8 THE SHIEU>. 

Stead of Buffalo. I am glad to see you are keeping up the standard both 
in quantity and quality. I favor your proposition to make the subscrip- 
tion |2.oo instead of I1.25 next year. I was charmed to read your notice 
of and the letter from old Tom Rundle. He was my classmate, chum 
and constant friend, and I never knew him not to be able on the shortest 
notice to "explain his position." His old captain in the 156th N. Y. 
(Orville D. Jewett) told me he was the bravest man he ever knew. I 
hope you can read this, it is hard work for me to. 

Yours truly, S. Douglas Cobnei,i^ 

Paris, France, Aug. 20th, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes: It occurs to me to say that I have not advised 
you of my visit to Europe. I left New York on short notice with a friend, 
and am enjoying the trip immensely. From Queenstown we traveled to 
all the principal points in Ireland, visiting Blarney castle where we 
kissed the blarney stone, (a very dizzy kiss), and then on to Dublin, etc., 
passing through Wales to London. We have visited all the German 
provinces, and from Berlin came direct to Paris. Of this latter city I 
need say nothing. Tho' it is the dull season here, one naturally wonders 
what it must be in its active state. We leave for London to-night, then 
go to Glasgow, sailing for New York on the 28th. It has not been my good 
fortune to meet any Theta Delts while abroad, although I suppose there 
are plenty. Hoping business is good with you and to have the pleasure 
of seeing you at my home this fall, I am as ever, 

Fraternally yours, F. G. Patchin. 

Rochester, N. Y, June 23d, 1890. 
My Dear Brother: Permit me to tender my congratulations to you. 
Permit me particularly to tender the same now and since the last issue of 
our beloved fraternity's organ, the Shield. You took into your arms a 
puny infant, sick unto death, and warmed its shivering, shrinking body 
against your loyal breast, and fed it with your toil till now, the erstwhile 
wan and pitiable thing strides forth an athlete, splendid in form, big of 
muscle, robust of health, and beautiful even as Antinous; fit to challenge 
and victoriously cope with all comers, over which fact you may well be 
elated, since we all have the best of reasons to be proud, and proud of it 
we are. The Shield and you may henceforth be assured of the heartiest 
welcome among the charges. At last we have a voice — an instrument for 
the worthy propagandism of the faith of Theta Delta Chi. How much 
skill, patience and midnight oil of yours it took to build up the success 
of the quarterly, none but a newspaper delver may well guess; but the 
achievement, in both a literar>' and artistic sense, deserves unstinted 
encomiums from every quarter. As for myself the black, white and blue 
thrill me only the more to know that at the little town of Elmira our 
fraternity flag waves lustily in the breezes, while to the north, the east, 


the south and the west go forth under your dictation fraternity news and 
the intelligence of what our beloved society is and means. You have 
unveiled the stupendous future which reposes before it now as the certain 
promise of the proudest kind of a past. You have proven the rare fabrics 
its membership is woven of, and that the "Thets" are culled from the 
flower and own the best flavor of our college youth. 

Fraternally and gratefully yours, Jacob Spahn. 

New York, June 25, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes: The Shield for June, 1890, came to hand on 
Monday last. I have read it with very much pleasure and do not hesi- 
tate to repeat my congratulations on your success. The volume bears 
out, in my estimation, every one of your promises in regard to it, and 
cannot fail to meet with universal approval. If it is not a success it will 
not, I am sure, be the fault of the editor. In your next number give us 
some more biographical sketches of **the founders." There is nothiug 
that can be of more interest to the fraternity at large. Give us all the 
personals you can get your hands on. Wishing you and the Fraternity 
•'long life to the Shield," I am yours in Theta Delta Chi, 

F, Goodwin. 

San Francisco, Aug. 27, i860. 
Dear Brother Holmes: I have meant to have written you many times, 
but never got at it, will try to do better in the future. I have given up 
railroading and am going back east. If you have not already sent me No. 
3 of the Shield send it to me at Hudson, N. Y., instead of Fourth and 
Townsend streets here. I am coming out here again about the middle 
of October and expect to go into the orange business. I leave here to- 
morrow, and I am very much rushed for time so I will close. 

Yours in the bonds, Louis C. DuBois. 


The undersigned appointed a committee from this charge to complete 

the roll of the Zeta for the general catalogue, has been engaged on this 

for a year and a half. The task was begun under great difliculties. Very 

few were known to be correct. Since then the addresses of 

nearly all known to be living have been verified. A circular was issued 

and members were written to at least three times. Up to this time not 

quite half have answered. The Zeta Charge has taken great pride in its 

Charge roll, which embraces many distinguished names. It has been 
our desire to complete our Charge history for ourselves before the gen- 
eral catalogue is published. It is an impossible task without the assist- 
ance of our alumni. Therefore I appeal to all members of Zeta who have 
received our circular to answer it. If there are any who have not re- 
ceived it and will send us their address it will be gladly sent. 

For the Charge, Edward C. Stiness, 
Box 622. Pawtucket, R. I. 


In these days of rapid advancement there must be some con- 
necting link between the past and the present or any fraternity 
would wane. Its sole interest would be centered. in the active 
membership. Graduates would be virtually dead to the fra- 
ternity, so soon as their immediate associates had passed out 
from college halls, alumni associations, with their concomitant 
reunions, and the Greek press, are the connecting links. 
Twenty years ago they were hardly thought of. To-day the 
prosperity of a fraternity is in great measure gauged by the 
number of its graduate associations and its periodical. Every 
fraternity is giving prominent place to its alumni. The Greek 
press is a recognized factor in journalism, and great effort for 
improvement is being made. The fraternity which does not 
have a periodical is not regarded as progressive. There are 
but two or three of the solid old-time fraternities, which do 
not have a journal. These few are becoming less promi- 
nent every year, and are not increasing. On the other hand 
their chapters are waning, and in a few years they will be 
known no more. The new life which the reconstructed Shield 
has given to Theta Delta Chi is becoming more apparent every 
day. The fraternity is entering upon a new era of prosperity. 
Among the good things which the Shiei^d has accomplished, 
none is more pleasant than the resurrection of some of the 
former brilliant lights of the fraternity, who for many years 
have been buried from sight. The very interesting communi- 
cation of Bro. P. C. Gilbert will be read with delight by all 
the older graduates. Bro. Gilbert was one of the most zealous 
workers in our fraternity in the sixties. He joined the fra- 
ternity in 1859. We find him still an active worker up to 
1872. He was president of the grand lodge from 1869 to 1872. 
The writer distinctly remembers that his name was one very 


the south and the west go forth under your dictation fraternity news and 
the intelligence of what our beloved society is and means. You have 
unveiled the stupendous future which reposes before it now as the certain 
promise of the proudest kind of a past. You have proven the rare fabrics 
its membership is woven of, and that the *'Thets" are culled from the 
flower and own the best flavor of our college youth. 

Fraternally and gratefully yours, Jacob Spahn. 

New York, June 25, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes: The Shiei*d for June, 1890, came to hand on 
Monday last. I have read it with very much plea.sure and do not hesi- 
tate to repeat my congratulations on your success. The volume bears 
out, in my estimation, every one of your promises in regard to it, and 
cannot fail to meet with universal approval. If it is not a success it will 
not, I am sure, be the fault of the editor. In your next number give us 
some more biographical sketches of "the founders." There is nothing 
that can be of more interest to the fraternity at large. Give us all the 
personals you can get your hands on. Wishing you and the Fraternity 
*'long life to the Shield,'* I am yours in Theta Delta Chi, 

F. Goodwin. 

San Francisco, Aug. 27, i860. 
Dear Brother Holmes: I have meant to have written you many times, 
but never got at it, will try to do better in the future. I have given up 
railroading and am going back east. If you have not already sent me No. 
3 of the Shiei^d send it to me at Hudson, N. Y., instead of Fourth and 
Townsend streets here. I am coming out here again about the middle 
of October and expect to go into the orange business. I leave here to- 
morrow, and I am very much rushed for time so I will close. 

Yours in the bonds, Louis C. DuBois. 


The undersigned appointed a committee from this charge to complete 

the roll of the Zeta for the general catalogue, has been engaged on this 

for a year and a half. The task was begun under great difficulties. Very 

few addresses were known to be correct. Since then the addresses of 

nearly all known to be living have been verified. A circular was issued 

and members were written to at least three times. Up to this time not 

quite half have answered. The Zeta Charge has taken great pride in its 

Charge roll, which embraces many distinguished names. It has been 
our desire to complete our Charge history for ourselves before the gen- 
eral catalogue is published. It is an impossible task without the assist- 
ance of our alumni. Therefore I appeal to all members of Zeta who have 
received our circular to answer it. If there are any who have not re- 
ceived it and will send us their address it will be gladly sent. 

For the Charge, Edward C. S tin ess, 
Box 622. Pawtucket, R. I. 

3l8 THE SHIBU). 

Stead of Buffalo. I am glad to see you are keeping up the standard both 
in quantity and quality. I favor your proposition to make the subscrip- 
tion |2.oo instead of I1.25 next year. I was charmed to read your notice 
of and the letter from old Tom Rundle. He was my classmate, chum 
and constant friend, and I never knew him not to be able on the shortest 
notice to "explain his position." His old captain in the 156th N. Y. 
(Orville D. Jewett) told me he was the bravest man he ever knew. I 
hope you can read this, it is hard work for me to. 

Yours truly, S. Douglas Cobneix. 

Paris, France, Aug. 20th, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes: It occurs to me to say that I have not advised 
you of my visit to Europe. I left New York on short notice with a friend, 
and am enjoying the trip immensely. From Queenstown we traveled to 
all the principal points in Ireland, visiting Blarney castle where we 
kissed the blarney stone, (a very dizzy kiss), and then on to Dublin, etc., 
passing through Wales to London. We have visited all the German 
provinces, and from Berlin came direct to Paris. Of this latter city I 
need say nothing. Tho' it is the dull season here, one naturally wonders 
what it must be in its active state. We leave for London to-night, then 
go to Glasgow, sailing for New York on the 28th. It has not been my good 
fortune to meet any Theta Delts while abroad, although I suppose there 
are plenty. Hoping business is good with you and to have the pleasure 
of seeing you at my home this fall, I am as ever, 

Fraternally yours, F. G. Patch ix. 

Rochester, N. Y., June 23d, 1890. 
My Dear Brother: Permit me to tender my congratulations to you. 
Permit me particularly to tender the same now and since the last issue of 
our beloved fraternity's organ, the Shield. You took into your arms a 
puny infant, sick unto death, and warmed its shivering, shrinking body 
against your loyal breast, and fed it with your toil till now, the erstwhile 
wan and pitiable thing strides forth an athlete, splendid in form, big of 
muscle, robust of health, and beautiful even as Antinous; fit to challenge 
and victoriously cope with all comers, over which fact you may well be 
elated, since we all have the best of reasons to be proud, and proud of it 
we are. The Shield and you may henceforth be assured of the heartiest 
welcome among the charges. At last we have a voice — an instrument for 
the worthy propagandism of the faith of Theta Delta Chi. How much 
skill, patience and midnight oil of yours it took to build up the success 
of the quarterly, none but a newspaper delver may well guess; but the 
achievement, in both a literary and artistic sense, deserves unstinted 
encomiums from every quarter. As for myself the black, white and blue 
thrill me only the more to know that at the little town of Elmira our 
fraternity flag waves lustily in the breezes, while to the north, the east, 


the south and the west go forth under your dictation fraternity news and 
the intelligence of what our beloved society is and means. You have 
unveiled the stupendous future which reposes before it now as the certain 
promise of the proudest kind of a past. You have proven the rare fabrics 
its membership is woven of, and that the *'Thets" are culled from the 
flower and own the best flavor of our college youth. 

Fraternally and gratefully yours, Jacob Spahn. 

New York, June 25, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes: The Shield for June, 1890, came to hand on 
Monday last. I have read it with very much pleasure and do not hesi- 
tate to repeat my congratulations on your success. The volume bears 
out, in miy estimation, every one of your promises in regard to it, and 
cannot fail to meet with universal approval. If it is not a success it will 
not, I am sure, be the fault of the editor. In your next number give us 
seme more biographical sketches of "the founders." There is nothing 
that can be of more interest to the fraternity at large. Give us all the 
personals you can get your hands on. Wishing you and the Fraternity 
"long life to the Shiei,d," I am yours in Theta Delta Chi, 

F. Goodwin. 

San Francisco, Aug. 27, i860. 
Dear Brother Holmes: I have meant to have written you many times, 
but never got at it, will try to do better in the future. I have given up 
railroading and am going back east. If you have not already sent me No. 
3 of the Shiei,d send it to me at Hudson, N. Y., instead of Fourth and 
Townsend streets here. I am coming out here again about the middle 
of October and expect to go into the orange business. I leave here to- 
morrow, and I am very much rushed for time so I will close. 

Yours in the bonds, Louis C. DuBois. 

alumni of the zeta charge. 

The undersigned appointed a committee from this charge to complete 

the roll of the Zeta for the general catalogue, has been engaged on this 

for a year and a half. The task was begun under great difficulties. Very 

few addresses were known to be correct. Since then the addresses of 

nearly all known to be living have been verified. A circular was issued 

and members were written to at least three times. Up to this time not 

quite half have answered. The Zeta Charge has taken great pride in its 

Charge roll, which embraces many distinguished names. It has been 
our desire to complete our Charge history for ourseU'es before the gen- 
eral catalogue is published. It is an impossible task without the assist- 
ance of our alumni. Therefore I appeal to all members of Zeta who have 
received our circular to answer it. If there are any who have not re- 
ceived it and will send us their address it will be gladly sent. 

For the Charge, Edward C. Stiness, 
Box 622. Pawtucket, R. I. 

3l8 THE SHIEU). 

stead of Buffalo. I am glad to see you are keeping up the standard both 
in quantity and quality. I favor your proposition to make the subscrip- 
tion J2.00 instead of I1.25 next year. I was charmed to read your notice 
of and the letter from old Tom Rundle. He was my classmate, chutn 
and constant friend, and I never knew him not to be able on the shortest 
notice to "explain his position." His old captain in the 156th N. Y. 
(Orville D. Jewett) told me he was the bravest man he ever knew. I 
hope you can read this, it is hard work for me to. 

Yours truly, S. DouGi^AS Cobnelu 

Paris, France, Aug. 20th, 189a 
Dear Brother Holmes: It occurs to me to say that I have not advised 
you of my visit to Europe. I left New York on short notice with a friend, 
and am enjoying the trip immensely. From Queenstown we traveled to 
all the principal points in Ireland, visiting Blarney castle where we 
kissed the blarney stone, (a very dizzy kiss), and then on to Dublin, etc., 
passing through Wales to London. We have visited all the German 
provinces, and from Berlin came direct to Paris. Of this latter city I 
need say nothing. Tho' it is the dull season here, one naturally wonders 
what it must be in its active state. We leave for London to-night, then 
go to Glasgow, sailing for New York on the 28th. It has not been my good 
fortune to meet any Theta Delts while abroad, although I suppose there 
are plenty. Hoping business is good with you and to have the pleasure 
of seeing you at my home this fall, I am as ever, 

Fraternally yours, F. G. Patchix. 

Rochester, N. Y., June 23d, 1890. 
My Dear Brother: Permit me to tender my congratulations to you. 
Permit me particularly to tender the same now and since the last issue of 
our beloved fraternity's organ, the Shield. You took into your arms a 
puny infant, sick unto death, and warmed its shivering, shrinking bod^* 
against your loyal breast, and fed it with your toil till now, the erstwhile 
wan aud pitiable thing strides forth an athlete, splendid in form, big of 
muscle, robust of health, and beautiful even as Antinous; fit to challenge 
and victoriously cope with all comers, over which fact you may well be 
elated, since w^e all have the best of reasons to be proud, and proud of it 
we are. The Shiei*d and you may henceforth be assured of the heartiest 
welcome among the charges. At last we have a voice — an instrument for 
the worthy propagandism of the faith of Theta Delta Chi How much 
skill, patience and midnight oil of yours it took to build up the success 
of the quarterly, none but a newspaper delver ma}' well guess; but the 
achievement, in both a literary and artistic sense, deserves unstinted 
encomiums from every quarter. As for myself the black, white aud blue 
thrill me only the more to know that at the little town of Elmira our 
fraternity flag waves lustily in the breezes, while to the north, the east, 


the south and the west go forth under your dictation fraternity news and 
the intelligence of what our beloved society is and means. You have 
unveiled the stupendous future which reposes before it now as the certain 
promise of the proudest kind of a past. You have proven the rare fabrics 
its membership is woven of, and that the "Thets" are culled from the 
flower and own the best flavor of our college youth. 

Fraternally and gratefully yours, Jacob Spahn. 

New York, June 25, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes: The Shiei,d for June, 1890, came to hand on 
Monday last. I have read it with very much pleasure and do not hesi- 
tate to repeat my congratulations on your success. The volume bears 
out, in my estimation, every one of yom- promises in regard to it, and 
cannot fail to meet with universal approval. If it is not a success it will 
not, I am sure, be the fault of the editor. In your next number give us 
seme more biographical sketches of "the founders." There is nothing 
that can be of more interest to the fraternity at large. Give us all the 
personals you can get your hands on. Wishing you and the Fraternity 
"long life to the Shiei,d," I am yours in Theta Delta Chi, 

F. Goodwin. 

San Francisco, Aug. 27, i860. 
Dear Brother Holmes: I have meant to have written you many times, 
but never got at it, will try to do better in the future. I have given up 
railroading and am going back east. If you have not already sent me No. 
3 of the Shield send It to me at Hudson, N. Y., instead of Fourth and 
Townsend streets here. I am coming out here again about the middle 
of October and expect to go into the orange business. I leave here to- 
morrow, and I am very much rushed for time so I will close. 

Yours in the bonds, Louis C. DuBois. 


The undersigned appointed a committee from this charge to complete 

the roll of the Zeta for the general catalogue, has been engaged on this 

for a year and a half. The task was begun under great difficulties. Very 

few addresses were known to be correct. Since then the addresses of 

nearly all known to be living have been verified. A circular was issued 

and members were written to at least three times. Up to this time not 

quite half have answered. The Zeta Charge has taken great pride in its 

Charge roll, which embraces many distinguished names. It has been 
our desire to complete our Charge history for ourselves before the gen- 
eral catalogue is published. It is an impossible task without the assist- 
ance of our alumni. Therefore I appeal to all members of Zeta who have 
received our circular to answer it. If there are any who have not re- 
ceived it and will send us their address it will be gladly sent. 

For the Charge, Edward C. S tin ess, 
Box 622. Pawtucket, R. I. 


Stead of Buffalo. I am glad to see you are keeping up the standard both 
in quantity and quality. I favor your proposition to make the subscrip- 
tion $2.00 instead of I1.25 next year. I was charmed to read your notice 
of and the letter from old Tom Rundle. He was my classmate, chutn 
and constant friend, and I never knew him not to be able on the shortest 
notice to "explain his position." His old captain in the 156th N. Y. 
(Orville D. Jewett) told me he was the bravest man he ever knew. I 
hope you can read this, it is hard work for me to. 

Yours truly, S. DouGi^AS Cobneix. 

Paris, France, Aug. 20th, 189a 
Dear Brother Holmes: It occurs to me to say that I have not advised 
you of my visit to Europe. I left New York on short notice with a friend, 
and am enjoying the trip immensely. From Queenstown we traveled to 
all the principal points in Ireland, visiting Blarney castle where we 
kissed the blarney stone, (a very dizzy kiss), and then on to Dublin, etc., 
passing through Wales to London. We have visited all the German 
provinces, and from Berlin came direct to Paris. Of this latter city I 
need say nothing. Tho' it is the duU season here, one naturally wonders 
what it must be in its active state. We leave for London to-night, then 
go to Glasgow, sailing for New York on the 28th. It has not been my good 
fortune to meet any Theta Delts while abroad, although I suppose there 
are plenty. Hoping business is good with you and to have the pleasure 
of seeing you at my home this fall, I am as ever. 

Fraternally yours, F. G. PaTCHIX. 

Rochester, N. Y., June 23d, 1890. 
My Dear Brother: Permit me to tender my congratulations to you. 
Permit me particularly to tender the same now and since the last issue of 
our beloved fraternity's organ, the Shield. You took into your arms a 
piiuy infant, sick unto death, and warmed its shivering, shrinking body 
against your loyal breast, and fed it with your toil till now, the erstwhile 
wan and pitiable thing strides forth an athlete, splendid in form, big of 
muscle, robust of health, and beautiful even as Antinous; fit to challenge 
and victoriously cope with all comers, over which fact you may well be 
elated, since we all have the best of reasons to be proud, and proud of it 
we are. The Shiei*d and you may henceforth be assured of the heartiest 
welcome among the charges. At last we have a voice — an instrument for 
the worthy propagandism of the faith of Theta Delta Chi. How much 
skill, patience and midnight oil of 3'ours it took to build up the success 
of the quarterly, none but a newspaper delver maj* well guess; but the 
achievement, in both a literary and artistic sense, deserves unstinted 
encomiums from every quarter. As for myself the black, white and blue 
thrill me only the more to know that at the little to^Ti of Elmira our 
fraternity flag waves lustily in the breezes, while to the north, the east, 


the south and the west go forth under your dictation fraternity news and 
the intelligence of what our beloved society is and means. You have 
unveiled the stupendous future which reposes before it now as the certain 
promise of the proudest kind of a past. You have proven the rare fabrics 
its membership is woven of, and that the "Thets" are culled from the 
flower and own the best flavor of our college youth. 

Fraternally and gratefully yours, Jacob Spahn. 

New Y'ork, June 25, 1890. 
Dear Brother Holmes: The Shiei,d for June, 1890, came to hand on 
Monday last. I have read it with very much pleasure and do not hesi- 
tate to repeat my congratulations on your success. The volume bears 
out, in my estimation, every one of your promises in regard to it, and 
cannot fail to meet with universal approval. If it is not a success it will 
not, I am sure, be the fault of the editor. In your next number give us 
some more biographical sketches of "the founders." There is nothing 
that can be of more interest to the fraternity at large. Give us all the 
personals you can get your hands on. Wishing you and the Fraternity 
"long life to the Shield," I am yours in Theta Delta Chi, 

F. Goodwin. 

San Francisco, Aug. 27, i860. 
Dear Brother Holmes: I have meant to have written you many times, 
but never got at it, will try to do better in the future. I have given up 
railroading and am going back east. If you have not already sent me No. 
3 of the Shield send it to me at Hudson, N. Y., instead of Fourth and 
Townsend streets here. I am coming out here again about the middle 
of October and expect to go into the orange business. I leave here to- 
morrow, and I am very much rushed for time so I will close. 

Yours in the bonds, Louis C. DuBois. 


The undersigned appointed a committee from this charge to complete 

the roll of the Zeta for the general catalogue, has been engaged on this 

for a year and a half. The task was begun under great difficulties. Very 

few addresses were known to be correct. Since then the addresses of 

nearly all known to be living have been verified. A circular was issued 

and members were written to at least three times. Up to this time not 

quite half have answered. The Zeta Charge has taken great pride in its 

Charge roll, which embraces many distineruished names. It has been 
our desire to complete our Charge history tor ourselves before the gen- 
eral catalogue is published. It is an impossible task without the assist- 
ance of our alumni. Therefore I appeal to all members of Zeta who have 
received our circular to answer it. If there are any who have not re- 
ceived it and will send us their address it will be gladly sent. 

For the Charge, Edward C. Stiness, 
Box 622. Pawtucket, R. I. 

328 THE SHIBI4>. 

it would pass without notice. Coming as it does from the pens of 
dignified and scholarly professional men, it carries a taint which 
will recoil on themselves. Strange as it may seem, the highest 
class journals criticise most loudly in the * 'holier than thou" 
tone. Kind and gentlemanly editors, whose eyes have been 
so keen and pens so active, will you be courteous enough to 
read our remarks on '* moribund condition,** on page 294, and 
find our guilty secret unfolded, meditate upon the error of your 
ways and apologize. Our subscribers did not complain. The 
critics have grasped the opportunity of making a ten-strike 
waiting to see whether their opponent was armed or not. We 
hope you enjoy your victory. The Shield has seen oppor- 
tunities for * 'cutting deep, * * but has charitably refrained. We 
wish no other fraternity ill. We labor for the advancement of 
Theta Delta Chi. Every step she takes upward gives added 
lustre to the entire Greek world. We court manly criticism 
of common topics. We elect to run our business department 
as we please. Will you kindly pull the weeds out of your 
own garden and let us do likewise ? 

As to the colors, the Shiei,d says : "In 1870 a fraternity flag was 
floated over the Astor House. The flag had a blue ground containing 
the letters Q J Xm black, bordered with white. These were and are 
still the fraternity colors, and this is the first instance on record of a dis- 
play of colors by any fraternity." The Delta Upsilon convention of 1866 
was held with the Rochester chapter. The minutes contain these words: 
**A committee on fraternity colors reported chrome and blue. Adopted. 
In addition to this, an advertisement in **Our Record^^ in 1868, reads : 
"Fraternity Catalogues, 35 cents ; Fraternity Colors, 35 cents ; Fraternity 
Music 40 cents ; and back numbers of Our Record^ 25 cents." Thus it 
will be seen that Delta Upsilon adopted and displayed colors four years 
before Theta Delta Chi, and published a magazine a year and a half in 
advance of the Shiei^d. — Extract Delta Upsilon Quarterly. 

This is about as good as a fish story, and equally thin. It 
rather looks as though the editor felt that in the chagrin over 
our apparent defeat on the priority of publication question we 
would not discover the weak subterfuge. We will believe his 
statement. He defines his position and puts himself on record. 
He cannot go back of this date. Please note that the conven- 


tion adopted colors, but no claim is made that they ever dis- 
played the colors. Now, Mr. Delta Upsilon, for your informa- 
tion, the Shield notes that the writer joined theTheta Delta 
Chi Fraternity in September, 1866. At that date the colors 
of the fraternity were recorded as a part of our constitution. 
How many years before they were adopted can not be stated 
at this writing, as no records are at hand to search. It is 
strongly impressed upon the writer's mind that they ^ere se- 
lected and adopted in 1847. The point, however, is that 
Theta Delta Chi put her colors to public use, by having a flag 
made which was first floated from the Astor House in 1870, 
and has since been floated over every convention which has 
been held. This is what is claimed, and Delta Upsilon has 
not destroyed our claim. As a matter of fact, we do not ma- 
terially care who is entitled to first place. The present is vital. 

That fraternity, which can to-day show the best record — in the 
quality of her members (not quantity) and the lofty aims 
which she inspires in their breasts — is entitled to all honor. 

" We wish to commend the practice among the chapters of preserving 
pictures of the founders. How delightful it will be in the coming years 
to look upon the fathers oi ^ KW, both of the chapter and of the fra^- 
ternity as well. We think it an excellent plan to secure the picture of 
every ^ !?" as he goes from college, and insert it in a chapter album. This 
plan we kno^v is attempted in nearly if not quite all the chapters, but 
we fear from what we have learned in our travels, that the custom is not 
infrequently more honored in the breach than in the observance. 

We have a large portrait gallery of ^ 1^ in our mind which we would 
display to the readers of the Shiei^d did our means permit. However, 
we purpose attempting such a plan for Vol. XI., provided we receive ad- 
ditional subscriptions enough to justify the large outlay required. 

Continue the custom of collecting $ W pictures, for it is both pleasing 
and instructive for the rising generations of $ ^f' to look upon the faces 
of those who are making our beloved fraternity honorable not to say 

We heartily agree with the sentiment expressed in the above 
quotation from an editorial in a recent number of the Phi 
Kappa Psi Shield. No one can estimate the ratio in which a 
perfect collection of the photographs of a Charge increases in 
value. After a period of twenty years they become the an- 
tiquities. They are the proudest monument any fraternity 


chapter can rear. Do not neglect your opportunity. Don't 
let one of the boys get away from you till you have his photo- 
graph in your chapter, collection. 

"The department of "Our Graduates" has a growing value, but we 
fancy all would be better satisfied if the men were classified by coUeges. 
Thirteen pages are given up to editorials, and much of this space is 
wasted on mere business announcements, notes about various features of 
the issue, etc. If these matters are to be made very prominent in any 
magazine, why not make a department for them ? The exchange 
columns also are marred by "reading notices" of articles advertised, and 
it strikes one rather queerly to read, after a learned critique of an ex- 
change, sentences like these:" ***♦♦♦ "High class news- 
papers some time ago discarded such obtrusive "ads." and why should 
the Shibi«d adopt the obnoxious habit ? The exchange department is 
well handled in this issue, although the comments are very general. A 
large batch of fraternity news, much of which is stale, and some bright 
chapter letters, close the highly creditable number." — Extracts fratn 
exchanfre criticism in Delta Upsilon Quarterly, 

This extract is given to show how the Shield appears to 
others. We note that high class newspapers admit anything to 
their columns which pays a good price, and lately the best news- 
papers have broken their best columns for glaring display ads. 
Why then should not the Shield do enough of such work to 
pay its printing bill so far as possible. If the day ever arrives 
when the receipts from subscriptions pay all the bills, no ads. 
will be taken at any price. In the meantime we hesitate to 
believe that these same, over-nice critics, would refuse an\' po- 
sition in their journal to an advertiser backed with cash. 

If the standing of a journal may be gauged by the critic-s 
pen, the Shield certainly must be coming to the front. We 
are receiving considerable attention, and much is republished 
for the benefit of our readers. Editors will kindly remember 
that this is the first year of our editorial experience, but our 
hide is tough and we can stand it. After a while we shall 
kick back as it were, if we find your weak spot. 

We are glad to learn that Phi Kappa ^si has re-elected for a term of 
two years, Mr. C. L. Van Cleve, the able editor of the Shield. This is 
a time in fraternity journalism when experienced men are required more 


than ever before. In two years a novice can hardly fill the place of a 
trained editor.— Z>^//a Upsilon Quarterly. 

So say we. The Shield of Phi Kappa Psi, would sadly 
miss Its present editorial management. It is evident that the 
fraternity appreciate a good thing, and wisely hang to it. 

WTien the Phi Kappa Psi Shield said last fall that our Quarterly "was 
easily the peer of any fraternity journal ever published/* we had little 
idea how popular the expression would become. Not long after that, a 
speaker at a Theta Delta Chi meeting said, the Theta Delta Chi Shield 
was '^the peer of any fraternity magazine published in the land." This 
enthused the editor and he followed it up with the announcement : "No 
pains have been spared to make the Shield the peer of any journal in 
the land !" The editor of the D. K. E. Quarterly then felt that he was 
missing a good thing, and with characteristic "Deke," modesty, made 
the types in his April issue say that the D. K. E. Quarterly "is con- 
fessedly the peer of any such publication in existence." Next [—Delta 
Upsilon Quarterly, 

Won*t somebody say something pretty for the Quarterly, 
The editorial intoxication produced by Phi Psi's bubbling 
compliment has worn off and he is hungry for more. 

" They say that the Boston rumsellers were greatly disappointed with 
the Grand Army week's business. They laid in immense stocks of 
liquors, but the old soldiers were not the intemperate crowd they ex- 
pected. On the other hand temperance drinks flowed like an aqueduct." 
—Springfield Union. 

No higher compliment was ever tendered the G. A. R. Ex- 
perience in their cases was a valuable tutor. Would that the 
banquets and reunions of the college world might profit by the 
experience of their elders and the defenders of the country. 

The editor of Delta gives his fraternity a good scoring on 
the subject of paying Delta dues, which might be equally well 
addressed to some other fraternities. Several chapters fail to 
pay up. He adds : 

The financial question is again one of the most important and vexing 
that will come before the next Grand Chapter. Many brethren seem un- 
able to learn that a Greek-letter fraternity cannot be run without money, 
and that printers must be paid. The general dues of Sigma Nu are, it is 
learned after due inquiry, lighter than those of most, if not all, sister 
orders. The Delta has this year printed more matter than ever before 

332 f THE SHIELD. 

in its history, and' its expenses have been correspondingly increased. 
The additional labor of collecting and editing the matter, the remissness 
of grand scribes, could have been cheerfully borne, had the cash been 
forthcoming to pay the printers. The editor does not believe that any 
member of the fraternity desires him to pay for the Delta out of his own 
pocket, but the slowness of remittances has sometimes compelled him to 
do so and trust to luck for reimbursement. As a measure of self-protec- 
tion he has been compelled to shut down and say to his brethren, *' No 
money, no Delta,^' This is an unpleasant thing to say, but it is the cold, 
hard truth. It lies in the members of the fraternity to correct this in- 
justice, and they only can do it. 

This should be the rule of all fraternity publications, cash 
in advance. The Shield adopted it some time ago. While 
it may wound the feelings of some, no one can fail to see the 
justice of the position. With few exceptions fraternity jour- 
nals are published for love. The editors receive no pay for 
their services, and some of them foot printers' bills also, or 
else receive the assistance of^some warm-hearted graduate who 
has money and a more aflfectionate regard for his fraternity 
than the active members. Readers of the Shield are, how- 
ever, notified **in cold blood,'* that if the members of Theta 
Delta Chi do not want the Shield badly enough to come right 
up to the front with cash at the beginning of the year for what- 
ever amount the subscription price may be fixed at, its publi- 
cation will be suspended at once. The editor loves his frater- 
nity and is willing to do hard work without any hope of fee 
or reward, but the printers must be paid. Happy are we to 
say that a most cordial response has been made to every appeal 
and the subscription list is growing every day. Subscribers 
are getting more for their money than is provided by any other 
journal, and the editor is cheered by kind words and hard 
dollars. Keep on, brothers, we must have more yet. The 
Shield of Theta Delta Chi must not followr— she will lead — 
with the help of the brothers. 

**lT was resolved that we advocate the change of the name of our 
journal from the Kappa Sigma Quarterly to the Kappa Sigma Star and 
Crescent.*' — Extract from minutes of State Convention^ April 17 ^ 'po. 

The above extract is reproduced for the purpose of re- 


monstrating against the thoughtlessness which some fraternities 
exhibit in appropriating that which belongs to others by both 
right and courtesy. No personality or reflection on Kappa is 
intended. It so happens that the Alpha Delta Phi has in the 
past published ''Star and Crescent,'' and although for a time 
suspended, the title is theirs by right and should not be pirated 
by another society. It is true both have a star and crescent 
for a badge, and perhaps it might seem proper for Kappa Sigma 
to name the journal from her emblems. History tells us that 
Alpha Delta Phi was founded in 1832, and Kappa Sigma in 
1867. As a matter of fact, then, the selection of the star and 
crescent as emblems by Kappa Sigma was an infringement, 
and now to take the name of Alpha Delta Phi's journal is a 
second infringement which amounts to piracy. Perhaps the 
founders knew nothing of Alpha Delta Phi, in which case the 
selection of the same emblems, as an accidental circumstance, 
could be easily excused, but ignorance can hardly offer an ex- 
cuse now^. The same remarks will apply to Phi Kappa Psi, 
which has copied the shield of Theta Delta Chi. We protest 
against the utter disregard of fraternity courtesy which seems 
to prevail. A fraternity is nothing if not original. The effect 
of copying in part or entirely the names or emblems of any 
other society, exercises a degenerating influence on the Greek 
world as a whole, and casts a lasting stigma upon the particu- 
lar society which imitates. It may become necessary to seek 
the protection of the government copyright in order to prevent 
a continuation. This is a step which never ought to be forced 
upon any fraternity. Pan-Hellenistic sweetness should pre- 
vent it. With Baird's history carefully studied no society 
need '^blunder'' or imitate. 

The attention of exchanges is called to the fact that each issue of the 
Quarterly is copyrighted. Exchanges are cordially welcome to the use 
of aU original matter, provided due credit is given the Quarterly. — Delta 
Upsilon Quarterly. 

There are two Greek journals which cop\Tight their issues 
—Delta Upsilon and Delta Kappa Epsilon. The Shield fails 
to see what the necessity is for such a step any more than for 


a daily newspaper to copyright its daily edition. The frater- 
nity editor who would **crib** without crediting is not worthy 
the position he holds. The same code of ethics should exist 
with the Greek press that is common to every day journalism. 
The largest literary magazines only copyright such articles as 
are valuable to them and for which they pay large sums of 
money. The Shield is disposed to look upon this copyright 
process of the two quarterlies as a reflection upon other jour- 
nals, and as such we rise up in righteous indignation. We 
assure you that we are entirely willing to give due credit to 
any journal from which we extract anything, whether original 
or not, and expect the same courtesy from others. It might 
have been well for some journals to have copyrighted their 
title, to save confusion, but for no other reason. 


We are advised of the expulsion of William J. Wilkinson from the 
Pennsylvania F chapter for the non-payment of dues. All brothers are 
cautioned against recognizing him as a ^ ¥^, or as ever having been one. 

^KW Shield. 

The foregoing announcement embodies about the only effective rule 
for the vigorous growth of fraternities. Chapters should adopt a by-law 
of this character. 

The delegates to Congress should discuss this subject. It means 
chapter houses, current expenses, expenses of delegates to Congress and 
Palm dues. 

All social organizations are supported by dues of members, and when 
any of those members do not pay their dues they are notified, and upon 
refusal or neglect to pay, they are either expelled or, ipse facto, cease to 
be members. Expulsion is our only remedy. — The Palm. 

Why not ? A man who will not pay his dues, unless 
from very good reasons apparent to all, should be expelled. 
Expulsions of any character should be published not only in 
the journal of the fraternity to which the man belonged, but 
in every other journal. No fraternity should harbor, for a 
moment, any man deservingly expelled from any other frater- 
nity. This is one of the Pan-Hellenistic suggestions which 
we heartily endorse. 


The Fourth of July in Woonsocket, R. I., was quite a day 
for Theta Delta Chi. Daniel B. Pond, of the Z 1858, as 
mayor of that city , was resolved to have a great celebration. 
Accordingly, at his invitation. Governor Davis and his staflf, 
declining many other invitations, as a high mark of esteem to 
Mayor Pond, were present on the occasion of the celebration. 
Among the Governor's staff was that genuine old fashioned 
Theta Delt, Vernon O. Taylor, of Tuft's, '67. The orator of 
the day was another old time Theta Delt, Colonel Wm. L. 
Stone, of the Zeta. Thus by accident, as it were, three mem- 
bers of the fraternity, viz.: Pond, Stone and Taylor met to- 
gether. It goes without saying that when at the close of the 
exercises Colonel Taylor who, after the lapse of thirty years, 
had grown out of the remembrance of his whilom Brothers 
Pond and Stone, came up and gave the **grip" to his two 
brothers, the feelings thus evoked were of the most affection- 
ate description. The papers have already given an account of 
the peculiarly felicitous introductory speeches of Mayor Pond, 
the valuable historical address of Brother Stone, and the ad- 
mirable soldierly appearance of Taylor and the rest of the staff. 
We only refer to these things to show that Theta Delta Chi 
continues to be found in the front rank. 

Vice-President Webb, of the New York Central Railroad, 
who has been such a prominent figure in the New York Cen- 
tral strike for the last month, is a brother of the late J. Watson 
Webb, Jr., and cousin of the late Captain Walter Webb, both 
of whom were Theta Delts and members of the Delta Charge 
in 1855. We have felt much interest in Vice-President Webb 
on this account. We admire his firm stand in the interest of the 
great corporation whose interests are entirely in his hands at 

On July ist a new sign was put up on the old drug house of Wm. B. 
Blanding, of Providence, Mr. Blanding having admitted to partnership 
his son, Mr. Wm. O. Blanding, and the firm name is now Blanding & 


Mr. Blanding, senior, has been in the drug business in Providence for 
over forty years, and has earned for himself an enviable reputation for 
courteous treatment and honorable dealings with his customers, and few 
jobbers are better known throughout the wholesale drug trade of New- 
England. He is president of the State Board of Pharmacy, to which 
position he was elected sometime since, and has alw^ays taken a ver\' 
prominent part in pharmaceutical matters in Rhode Island. 

The junior partner commenced in the business with his father in 1871; 
has gradually worked himself through all the important departments, 
and has a large acquaintance with the trade as a result of his manage- 
ment of the wholesale department. 

The above in reference to Brother W. O. Blanding is taken 
from a prominent drug journal. We congratulate our brother 
on his prosperity. We have been a wholesale druggist and 
know just how it is. It is pleasant to note the prosperity of 
our alumni, not only per se, but because it bespeaks added 
honor to our cherished fraternity. 


Christ taught unselfishness, charity, patience, forbearance, virtue, 
truth, love; Fraternity men believe in these teachings and strive for them 
as far as human nature admits, but they draw the line when it comes to 
being smitten on both cheeks, or even on one cheek; and they readily 
fight rather than submit to persecution in any form. Practical Frater- 
nity does not require them to sell all they have and give to the poor, and 
as to forgiving one's brother seventy times seven, it depends largely upon 
circumstances and the character of the sin. These ideals are powerful 
aids in helping men to control their passions; but as practical men of the 
day they demand and secure their rights; contend for e very-day justice 
between man and man; vigilantly and jealously guard their political 
liberties and prerogatives, in other words, they believe in that practical 
Pan-Hellenism which is merely a studious comprehension of the civiliza- 
tion of the age and a knowledge of their relative position and part in its 
advancement, controlling and infiuencing it as far as possible in the right 
direction for ultimate benefit. 

Applied first to college life and college ethics, Pan-Hellenism involves 
the proper selection of our associates in and out of Greek Fraternities; 
the establishment and maintenance by and among college men of a col- 
legiate code of honor; regulation of rivalries among Greeks as far as 
practicable; promotion of a healthy competition in collegiate contests, 
State and Inter-State; prompt recognition of achievements; expulsion 
from Fraternities and colleges for improper and demoralizing conduct 


Secondly, it involves organization for the ascertainment of fields for 
enlistment of the activities of young Alumni according to qualification. 

Greek Fraternities possess organizations which can be utilized for 
some or all of these purposes, as at Sewanee, Tenn., a local Pan-Hellenic 
Convention satisfactorily controls all the Fraternity organizations at the 
t'niversity of the South. 

A general federation would materially aid in moulding college senti- 
ment, and give that importance to the achievements of college men which 
they deserve, but so frequently fail to secure for lack of adequate organ- 
ization and reliable methods of communication. There is plenty of work 
for all, and more than we can do. 

Some of the general objects of such a federation should be — the means 
of helping members to a better knowledge of the scientific, artistic, social, 
moral and political questions of the day. 

A general convention should be held at some convenient date, com- 
posed of delegates from chapters, Alumni associations, Pan-Hellenic 
associations, and the general officers of Greek Fraternities, including the 
editors, of course. 

After the adoption of a general platform the following articles might 
be considered: 

I. — No expelled Greek shall be admitted to membership in any other 
Greek Fraternity. 

n. — No person under fifteen years of age not attending a reputable 
college shall be admissible to membership of any Fraternity. 

III. — National annual or biennial conventions of similar character to 
consider ways and means for the cultivation and improvement of Greeks 
in the arts, sciences, fraternal and college life to be held. 

In the proposed National Convention the **caste" of the assemblage 
might be as follows: Phi Delta Theta and Delta Kappa Epsilon to sit on 
opposite sides of the Metropolitan Opera House; the Pahn banner and 
Alpha Tau Omega, plumb in the center; on the right flank Beta Theta 
Pi, Phi Gamma Delta, Theta Delta Chi. Kappa Sigma, Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, et al.; and on the left flank, Delta Epsilon, Delta Tau Delta, 
Kappa Alpha, Chi Phi, Phi Kappa Psi, et aL The ladies' Kappa Kappa 
Gamma, Phi Beta Kappa, Kappa Alpha Theta would doubtless grace the 
balconies and boxes (armed, of course, with their right of suffrage), and 
inspire with their charming presence the banquet of love which would 
surely follow. — Editorial in Palm. 

We are led to give the above editorial in exienso because it 
embodies in a clearly defined outline exactly the principles 
which the Shield believes in. If any Pan-Hellenic organ- 
ization can be devised which will advance the moral condition 
of fraternity men, a great good will be accomplished. We can 


conceive of such a possible result without any fraternity at 
once losing its identity. It is nothing like the Pan-Hellenism 
advanced even by the Palm a year ago. The excellent com- 
ments on the Shield's article have seemed to open the eyes of 
the Palm, At least a more modest and sensible platform has 
been adopted and now daylight glimmers through the dark 
cloud. Let us have first a convention of editors, then a more 
general convention of editors and officers. Some degree of 
understanding may be arrived at which will mollify the bitter 
animosities now existing between some fraternities. A cor- 
rection of this evil will of itself correct many other abuses now 
extant. Then Pan-Hellenism is accomplished. 

^is^ange fable. 

Any Fraternity magazines desiring to exchange with the Shihi^d will 
receive as many copies as they send. All copies to be addressed to Clay 
W. Holmes, Editor, Elmira, N.Y. 

The inventions and improvements in photographic repro- 
duction and printing, which the past decade has produced, 
have opened up a new era in iournalism. The great literary 
magazines within the past few years have blossomed out as artis- 
tic productions. The great press has caught the infection, and 
now the quarterly, which does not include portraits or 
sketches, is behind the times. The Delta Upsilon quarterly 
has rather eclipsed all other fraternity periodicals in the pro- 
fusion and elegance of its productions, but others are begin- 
ning to include at last portraits of distinguished alumni. These 
add much to the value of the journals and give evidence of 
progression. There is no reason why fraternity journalism 
should be slow in feeling the pulse of advancement. As the 
journals are indicative standards of their respective fraternities 
every effort should be made to disseminate progression. 

The Palm for July opens with a number ot short chapter let- 
ters followed by proceedings of State conventions. An excel- 
lent editorial on Pan-Hellenism, which is reported in another 
department. There is an entire absence of genuine fraternity 
news, personals and other matters which make a fraternity 
journal of interest to graduate members. The active chapters 
take interest in the letters, but the old graduates find little 
therein to attract except the general weal of the fraternity. 
The Pan-Hellenic supplement is the best document of its kind 
we have seen. It is full of interest. The Fraternity of Man, 
The Fraternity of Nations, Federation on the basis of State 


Rights, and Greek consolidation, are all articles of merit and 
worthy the perusal of any fraternity man. The views of the 
different editors are given. Very interesting articles on **The 
College Man in Politics," and *'The Puritan and Cavalier in our 
national life," follow. Then comes Greek news and college 
items. A very excellent and sensible article on the cost of 
college education closes^ le number — thirty-two pages, which 
afforded us ♦^''^h gratifi- ation. If all the supplements are to 
be of equal interest, w^ should be disposed to recommend every 
undergraduate^ brothtj*- to subscribe. The articles all tend to 
the modified f view ' 'ap-Hellenism expressed by the last 
Shield. We are li >r 'doubting Thomas," but will con- 

sent to try just a li' see how it takes. If we like it we 

will take more. W?i tieartily in the suggestion of a con- 

vention of editors. is accomplishes the desired results, 

then we may advoca. :onv€»tion of the chief officers of the 
different fraternities. Vv e are not quite ready for this as yet 

Much satisfaction can be obtained from a perusal of the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon Quarterly, The April number is replete with 
good matter. It gives as a frontispiece the portrait of one of 
its prominent founders with a short sketch of his life. A 
poem, and histor>' of the Phi Epsilon chapter make up part 
first. Considerable space is given to alumni associations. The 
Editorial department rehashes the Phi Epsilon controversy. 
The Exchange department is extended and contains many 
mild criticisms, but nothing of rancor appears. A number of 
chapter letters, twelve pages of graduate personals and four 
pages of clippings make up the number. The July number 
contains 79 pages of reading matter. A view of the chapter 
house at Rochester, for a frontispiece, with eleven pages de- 
voted to the history of the chapter, and seven pages to a de- 
scription of the house. This is embellished with views of the 
interior. A history of the Gamma charge takes up five pages; 
alumni • associations, ten pages; editorials, seven pages; ex- 
changes, nine pages; chapter letters, eighteen pages; graduate 


personals, seven pages; clippings, three pages;the articles are as 
usual readable and interesting. Under exchanges a lengthy 
commentar>^ on on the Beta ThetaPi mystical union is given, 
which oeems to prove that the union is mysterious if not wjk^/z- 
r/z/ and incomplete. The thought is suggested as to whether 
it is desirable or advantageous for a big fish to swallow a little 
one entirely or in part. Do such mei«ibers bring the satisfac- 
tion which would accrue from individi^ial union^^JiThere may, 
perhaps, be no objection to the accep' ilice of <%. local band 
which has not existed through succeedi*^ classes, but when 
a few active members of a fraternal organizati^i., which has 
chapters in different institutions ai i has sent forth gradu- 
ates, decide to secede from their sodety because it is small 
and unite themselves to some of the 1« ^r and firmly es- 
tablished fraternities, it can not be said? that the latter has 
absorbed the former. The alumni 'liave had no voice in 
the matter. They are not included in the surrender, and 
are simply frozen out of the dead society. We decline to 
acknowledge the right of any active chapter to give up its 
organization as a body, for the purpose of uniting with 
any other fraternity as a body, without unanimous consent in 
convention of all active and graduate members. We are op- 
posed to the principle of older societies accepting second-hand 
members. The tenets of Theta Delta Chi prohibit the initia- 
tion of members of other colleges fraternities. We claim 
first choice or none. If the policy of other fraternities is num- 
bers alone, then there can be no particular objection to such 
a course if **Barkis is willin.' " 

The Delta Upsilon Quartefly is nothing if not progressive. 
It well deserves to be ranked among the very best fraternity 
magazines. It seems to have adopted pictorial work as a per- 
manent feature. While it is expensive the cost is nothing 
compared to the character it gives the journal. The S-iield 
has devoted considerable money this year to the introduction 
of portraits of distinguished alumni and confesses that the 
lack of available funds is the only reason that other matters of 


interest have not been pictorially represented. We yield the 
palm to the Delta Upsilon, however, without any hesitation. 
In this particular at least it leads all other fraternity publica- 

The May number, although as usual very late, contains 
ninety-one pages of reading matter. Eleven cuts of various 
kinds embellish the number. Part first, twenty-four pages, is 
devoted to a biography of Chancellor Snow, Delta U camp at 
Lake George, Fraternity houses at Hamilton, the New York 
club and the first Fraternity Magazine. As this article is in 
reply to the Shield, it is noticed in extenso in another place. 
Exchanges occupy twelve pages. Greek letter gossip, five 
pages. We will not be unkind enough to return the compli- 
ment of **its being stale.*' Five pages of interesting editorial 
matter. '*Now and then,** six pages. Delta U news, twelve 
pages. Chapter correspondence, fourteen pages. Alumni 
personals, thirteen pages. The entire number is of much in- 
terest to D. U. The editor makes numerous criticisms on the 
Shield and the same are answered under the proper head. 

The Sigma Chi Quarterly for May opens up with a sketch 
of the life of Chaun<5ey B. Ripley, with his portrait as a fron- 
tispiece. Several pages are devoted to alumni reunions — an 
extended symposium on '*The College Man in Journalism.'* 
Some pointed editorials and the usual chapter letters, go to 
make up a very interesting number. The July number has 
70 pages of reading matter, a half tone portrait frontispiece, 
and a short sketch of one of their prominent members opens 
the number. Several articles on general subjects follow. "The 
Record Book of a Fraternity Chapter, ' * is one of the practical 
and solid articles which is well worthy of note as characteristic 
of this journal. It sets forth the importance of such records, 
and delineates a perfect system whereby they may be kept 
without burdening any of the members. The Greek press re- 
ceives lengthy notice. The chief editorial is in reference to a 
Pan Hellenic club. An interesting account of an alumni 
banquet is given. The usual chapter letters follow. We notice 


that ten pages of personals are given, a much larger number 
than is customary. Nothing is so attractive to a graduate as 
the personal news of classmates and friends. 

Beta Theta Pi for June contains 48 pages of reading matter, 
10 pages of college news, 4 of graduate personals, 5 of mis- 
cellany, 3 of editorial, 12 of chapter letters. It is a newsy 
number and of interest to the Betas. The subject of a Beta 
Theta Pi building association is discussed. A beautiful half 
tone portrait of the club house at Wooglin-on- Chautauqua 
ornaments the number. 

The July number of Anchora contains 30 pages devoted to a 
continuation from April number of chapter opinion, as to 
"How shall we make our college course count most," 9 to 
chapter letters, i to alumnae, 6 to editorial, with a history of 
the chapters of Delta Gamma, 2 pages to a contributed article 
on equal suffrage, and 3 pages to exchanges. The subject 
matter is good and well arranged. The ApriJ number is sim- 
ilarly made up but contains 38 pages. The matter in both is 
only of interest to Delta Gamma. 

The Kappa Sigma Quarterly for May, taken as a whole, is a 
plain, neat pamphlet, which looks well. The portrait of Presi- 
dent Tyler is not good enough to do either the subject or jour- 
nal credit. William and Mary College and the history of the 
Nu Chapter are well written. The proceedings of the Louis- 
iana State Convention take up the remainder of the number, 
except the usual chapter letters. Two and 2 half pages are 
given to personals, and 3 pages to editorial notes — 63 pages in 
all. 35 being devoted to chapter letters. 

The June number of Delta of Sigma Nu contains 30 pages 
of reading matter, leading off with a symposium on Chapter 
Houses, of 7 pages, a communication in reference to the De- 
funct Kappa Sigma Kappa, of 3 pages, editorial 4 pages, 
chapter letters, i2>^ pages. One and a half pages only are 

344 THE SHIEU). 

given to Greek comments. No graduate personals or general 
news about alumnae. The irregularity of publication is ex- 
plained by the editor. 

The June Arrow has 60 pages of reading matter. The 
annual convention takes up the first 6; a poem, *'The Arrow 
I See," 5 pages ; a historical sketch of Pi Beta Phi, 5 pages : 
editorial, 6 pages ; chapter letters, 19 pages ; an open letter 
critizing Prof. Allen's article on **Woman's Institutions," in 
May Forum, 5 pages ; exchanges, 6)4 pages ; personals, 2?j 
pages. The number is interesting. Exchanges are well edited, 
but personal news of graduates is very meager, and an entire 
absence of general Greek notes is noticeable. 

The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta for June, contains 98 pages, 
of which 77 pages are pure reading and 21 pages consist of a 
list of the year's initiates and names wanted for catalogue. 
Eighty pages is the determined standard of size. Of the 77 
pages, the reports of conventions consume 17 pages; list of 
members, Chicago Alumni Association, 3 pages; editorials, 27 
pages; chapter correspondence, 16 pages; personals, 10 pages. 
A half tone portrait frontispiece appears. It would have been 
more fitting with a sketch of the subject's life. The editor 
has put a great deal of time on this number, but mostly in 
connection with the threadbare chapter expulsion, which is a 
finale, or should be. The personals are all short. The Scroll 
is of little interest to outsiders. 

The Alpha Phi Quarterly for May contains 25 pages read- 
ing matter. The literary department has 10 pages, which in- 
cludes a very pretty poem. Founders day at Cornell and 
other contributed articles. Editorial remarks consume i ^' 
pages, chiefly devoted to a very pointed and terse article on 
fraternity journalism. The chapter letters consume 5 pages 
and are ver>' newsy. Short personals take up 2)4 pages, ini- 
tiates and marriages, a very important and interesting subject 
for girls, i y^ pages. Very brief exchange notices and a \'en- 


touching 3 page obituary notice of the deceased members com- 
plete the number. In general appearance the journal is neat 
and attractive. Good taste and ability on the part of the edi- 
tor are marked features. The quarterlies published by the 
ladies, taken as a class, compare creditably with those pub- 
lished by the oldest and best fraternities. 

The Microcosm for 1890, issued by the junior class of Dick- 
inson College, is the first annual issued from that institution 
since 1883. Considering this fact the editors are entitled to 
much credit. Bro. J. R. Heberling was one of the editors. 
The class histories and illustrations are good. The general 
execution of the book is well up to a good average. 

©©riege &¥id Fratemit^j. 

The library of Dartmouth College contains about 75,000 

The Delta Upsilon camping club held its annual meeting 
in August at Bolton landing, Lake George, N. Y. 

The Rev. Joseph Cummings, D. D., LL. D., the venera- 
ble and honored president of Northwestern University died 
May 7th. 

Catalogues of Chi Phi and Phi Kappa Psi are on the tapis 
and have been for a long time. It is no easy matter to issue a 
fraternity catalogue. 

The suspended chapters of Kappa Alpha, Chi Phi, and 
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, at the University of Georgia, have been 
reinstated. — Tke Scroll, 

Knox College is building a $40,000 alumni hall. The lit- 
erary societies each donated $7,000 toward it, and will have 
their halls in it. — The Scroll, 

The Rev. Dr. Knox, president of Lafayette College, tend- 
ered his resignation to the trustees June 25th. The same was 
accepted to take effect July i. 

Yale's freshman class bids fair to be the largest which 
ever entered. Two hundred and twenty-five students were 
examined at the June examinations. 

The twelfth convention of the Pi Beta Phi Sorosis was 
held in Galesburg, 111., April ist to 4th. Their meetings were 
held in the rooms of Phi Gamma Delta. 

Theta Xi, Chi Phi and Chi Psi chapters at Stevens' In- 
stitute, occupy chapter houses, and Beta Theta Pi and Delta 
Tau Delta will soon do likewise.— 77i^ Scroll, 


The Zeta Psi chapter at Williams* College has purchased 
a chapter house, and it is rumored that Delta Kappa Epsilon is 
to rent and occupy Mr. Sabin's large house. 

The Chi Phi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Delta Epsilon, Phi 
Gamma Delta, Phi Kappa Psi, Delta Tau Delta, and Phi Delta 
Theta fraternities held chapter banquets during commencement 
week at Lafayette. 

The Shield is the largest, most democratic magazine 
that comes to our table. It savors of a business life that has 
gone beyond college days, and yet clings fondly to the penates 
of Theta Delta Chi. — The Arrow. 

The Whig and Clio societies at Princeton have begun the 
erection of new buildings, each to cost between $35,000 to 
$40,000. They will be similar in style. Each society has 
about 300 active members. — The Scroll, 

Congressman William C. P. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, 
delivered the annual commencement oration at Lafayette Col- 
lege yesterday. Fifty years ago his father delivered the ora- 
tion at Lafayette on a similar occasion. — Mail and Express, 
June 24. 

The literary societies, Adelphic and Philomathean, which 
for a few years back were inactive, have been revived, and are 
flourishing. These societies date back nearly to the founda- 
tion of the college, and in former years they exerted a power- 
ful influence on the literary life in Union. — Union letter D. U. 

Pi Beta Phi is the oldest of the sisterhoods. It was 
founded at Monmouth, 111., in April, 1867. It was first known 
as the I. C. Sorosis. It now has twenty chapters, nine of 
which are located in Iowa, two in Illinois, two in Michigan, 
two in Colorado, and one each in Kansas, Nebraska, Indiana, 
Ohio and Washington, D. C. 

The Trinity chapter of Alpha Delta Phi is to build a 
chapter house. It is to be a three story. Queen Ann, brick 
structure with wide piazzas; to contain billiard, dining, bath, 
sitting and smoking rooms, guest chamber, caterer's quarters, 


library and chapter hall. The Alpha Delts have the largest 
chapter at Trinity. — Delta Upsilon Quarterly. 

A famous college president, a clergyman, was addressing 
the students in the chapel at the beginning of the college year. 
**It is," he said in conclusion, **a matter of congratulation to 
all the friends of the college that this year opens with the larg- 
est freshman class in its history.*' And then, without any 
pause, he turned to the scripture lesson for the day, the third 
psalm, and began reading in a voice of thunder, **Lord, how 
they are increased that trouble me !** 

The Chittenden memorial library building at Yale, was 
dedicated June 24th. President Dwight delivered the address. 
The building cost $125,000.00 and was the gift of the late 
Simeon B. Chittenden. All honor to such a man. About 
twenty years ago he donated the sum of $50,000.00 to Yale 
designed exclusively for sustaining a constant preaching of the 
gospel to the college. Religion and education — the two bul- 
warks of the nation to which living he paid liberally to sus- 
tain. Verily his good works will yet live long years to per- 
petuate his honored memory. 

Our hopes have been realized and a chapter house is in 
plain view ! The struggle is over and the chapter will soon 
erect a house of which any chapter might be proud. The 
plans have been drawn up and accepted, and within a week 
the work of construction will be well along. Our location, 
across from the campus, is the finest in the city for a chapter 
house. The cost will probably reach $15,000 or $16,000: but 
our alumni and active members have contributed so generously 
that it will not be burdensome. Among our contributors James 
B. Morman, '90, deserves especial mention, as being one of the 
three men in the fraternity who has given one thousand dol- 
lars for a chapter house — Rochester letter D. U. Quarterly. 

Dr. Merrill E. Gates has accepted the presidenc>' of 
Amherst. This excellent institution is to be congratulated on 
her wise choice of a successor to President Seelye. Dr. Gates 
is one of the most noted of the younger class of college presi- 
dents in this country. His career has been one of marked 


success and steady advancement, brought afx>ut by the rare 
combination of high scholastic attainments, thorough ability 
and unceasing industry. While in Rochester University, he 
W2LS facile princeps in the class room, societies and among his 
fellows. He exhibited his wonderful powers early. Graduat- 
ing in 1870, he became principal of the militar>' school in 
Albany. Numerous professorships were tendered only to be 
declined. The chancellorship of the University of Nashville 
received the same treatment. In 1882 he accepted the presi- 
dency of Rutger*s College. His work was felt here at once. 
The attendance increased so notably that six professorships 
were added to the faculty. New buildings, libraries and en- 
dowments also, which he leaves at Rutger's as monuments of 
his untiring energy and conspicuous ability. We feel sure 
that Amherst will feel his power at once and be greatly bene- 
fitted in consequence. Dr. Gates was bom in Warsaw, N. Y., 
m 1848. He has many friends, old college mates and admirers 
of whom The Shield is one, who present their congratulations 
and wish him a hearty God-speed to his new field. 

Pallas Athenae is the patron goddess of Pi Beta Phi Sorosis. 

The annual convention of Psi Upsilon was held May ist 
and 2d, at Providence, R. I. 

The part of the proceedings of the late Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon convention which defined the fraternity's constitution 
as excluding Jews from membership, has been declared null 
and void. — The Scroll, 

The grand arch council of Phi Kappa Psi was held in 
Chicago April 2d. A salary was assured the editor. The 
method of granting charters was altered, and more power 
delegated to the executive council. 

The comer stone of a new Y. M. C. A. building was laid 
during commencement week at Dartmouth. 

The ''Independents'* at Michigan University are to start 
a weekly paper. Heretofore their support has been divided 
between the two fraternity papers. The two fraternity papers 
should now unite and make things lively. 


Phi Kappa Psi's convention was held in Chicago April 

I St. 

The law school at Cornell has over loo students, although 
but three years old. 

President Adams, of Cornell, says the average standing of 
women is higher than of men. 

The fifty-first convention of Beta Theta Pi was held at 
Wooglin club house Aug. 25th. 

The S. I. U. is a new local society which has made its 
appearance at Maine State College. 

The catalogue and general history of the Sigma Chi 
fraternity was completed and issued in August. 

The Addisonian society is a new secret society which has 
recently been created at Minnesota University. 

The eighteenth biennial convention of Sigma Chi will be 
held in Washington this fall. Date not yet fixed. 

A bronze statue of ex-President Woolsey, of Yale, is to be 
erected on the campus. It will cost about $14,000. 

Michigan University students have already pledged over 
$1,000 toward building a Christian Association hall. 

The Y. M. C. A., of Dartmouth, will support a foreign 
missionary. The necessary funds have already been raised. 

The Omega Alumni chapter of Sigma Chi held their an- 
nual banquet June 17th, at the Grand Pacific hotel in Chicago. 
Thirty-eight members were present. 

Wabash College is building a library building to hold 
150,000 volumes. The corner stone was laid June 17th, and 
the building will be completed next spring. 

Mr. George W. Childs, of Philadelphia, is one of Ameri- 
ca's greatest newspaper men. The Public Ledger is a monu- 
ment to his business ability, known and recognized the world 
over. He is also a writer of no mean proportions. His little 
volume of * * Recollections' ' , recently published by * 'The Lippin* 
cott Company," is rich with reminiscences of famous persons. 


Indiana University is just now excited over **a bogus'' 
slur sheet issued by some students in May. It is said they 
were all members of the same fraternity. The faculty have 
taken the matter up and will expel them, at least so the nimor 

We are becoming anxious about the Grand Catalogue. We 
understood that we were to have it soon after Christmas, and 
have paid our assessments on it, but we see no catalogue. Is 
it never coming out ? It may not be our place to make sug- 
gestions, but we would much prefer that the catalogue should 
come out imperfect, and be changed by revisions and additions 
every few years, than to be obliged to wait until the exact 
street number of ever>' alumnus is accurately secured. — Ex- 
tract Kansas letter Phi Psi Shield. 

This catalogue has been five years in preparation. It 
takes some time to prepare a perfect catalogue of 5,000 names. 
The experience of most fraternities is that it is difficult to get 
the assessments paid after the catalogue is printed. 

From an item we learn that the Phi Gamma Delta Quar- 
terly has three salaried editors; that Phi Kappa Psi and Beta 
Theta Pi have been paying salaries to the editors of their mag- 
azines for three years; that Phi Delta Theta is paying hand- 
somely the editor of the Scroll; that Alpha Tau Omega has 
been paying the editor of her magazine for two years, and 
Delta Upsilon for four years. To these facts we may add that 
Sigma Chi has been paying the editor-in chief of the Quarterly 
for six years. — Sigma Chi Quarterly. 

A chapter of the so-called fraternity, Phi Theta Psi, has 
made its appearance in our college. It was not cordially re- 
ceived for several good reasons. In the first place Randolph- 
Macon has none but first-class fraternities within her walls, 
and to have the mere shadow or semblance of a fraternity 
thnist in upon us is v^ery galling to all the Greeks. And again 
there are already'a sufficient number of fraternities here to 
consume all the real fraternity material, and no fraternity, 
however good it may be, will receive a hearty welcome at R. 
M. C. — Extract from Randolph-Macon letter K. 2. Quarterly, 


The American newspaper directory for 1890 gives the cir- 
culation of the Greek letter magazines as follows : ** Alpha 
Phi Quarterly^ 250; The Beta Theta Pi^ 1,000; Chi Phi Qtmr- 
terly, 750; Chi Psi Purple and Gold, 750; Delta Gamma Anchora, 
250; Delta Upsilon Quarterly, 2,000; Kappa Alpha Joutnal 
500; Kappa Sigma Quarterly, 500; Phi Gamma Delta Quar- 
terly, 500; Pi Beta Phi Arrow, 250; Phi Kappa Psi Shield, 
1,000; Sigma Alpha Epsilon Record, 500; Sigma Nu Delta, 
500; Theta Dei.ta Chi Shield, 750. All the others are not 
given. — Delta Upsilon Quarterly, 

The Shield should be rated 1,000. 

©Seipge: Oeitteirg. 

[Charge editors are again requested to write on only one side of the 
paper and to assume a style somewhat more expansive than a telegraphic 
communication. The next letter is due December ist, 1890. Send it 
promptly without further jiotice. 


Another year has passed, one more set of familiar faces has left us 
in our active work and another will soon take its place. We were, per- 
haps more fortunate than some of our Charges in losing but three of our 
brethren by graduation. They were Bros. Gunn, McKnight and Spence, 
all of whom are making active preparations for the battle of life. 

Commencement week was gay as ever at Yale, the graduating classes 
being quite large and the Campus being alive with members of the fair 
sex. That is the time of year long-looked for, when the great game of 
ball is played, and when each man has a chance to take his charming 
Dolly to the senior promenade. The week was begun by the preaching 
of the Baccalaureate sermon by President Dwight, which was up to that 
gentleman's usual standard. Monday morning the presentation exer- 
cises were held in the chapel, at which time the class oration and poem 
were delivered. That afternoon the class histories were read in the usual 
manner on the Campus, and after the planting of the class ivy, the new 
Chittenden Library was formally opened. That night the senior prom- 
enade was held in Alumni hall, and also the exercises of the Sheffield 
Scientific School. At the last mentioned we were very ably represented 
upon the platform by Bro. Gunn, whose subject was "Rapid Transit in 
New York.'* Tuesday was occupied by the alumni meeting and the 
game of ball, by winning which we tied Harvard for the championship 
of the two colleges. Wednesday the degrees were awarded and the fol- 
lowing Friday all New Haven assembled at New London to see Yale 
maintain her enviable reputation in the rowing world. It was thus that 
the events of the week passed off and right proud of her sons was our 
Alma Mater. 

By graduating so few wen we start the coming year with brighter 
prospects than ever before, and will put our best foot forward in the 

In closing Epsilon Deuteron wishes the Charges all success for the 
future, and extends to each and every one a hearty grip. 

354 ^HE SHIELD. 



The commencement exercises opened Sunday with the baccalaureate 
sermon by President Hyde. The alumni were present in large numbers, 
showing that the love for their college home was still warm. On Mon- 
day evening came the junior prize declamation in Memorial hall. Eta 
was represented among the speakers by Bros. E. H. Newbegin and C. S. 
Wright. The class day exercises on Tuesday were especially interesting. 
Two of the parts were delivered by Theta Delts, Bro. Mitchell having 
the ' poem and Bro. Chandler the parting address. Bro. Hastings was 
first on the committee of arrangements. At the close of the exercises 
under the Thomdike oak, the rain made its appearance, and the cere- 
mony of smoking the pipe of peace was carried out under unfavorable 
circumstances. After singing the class ode, the members of '90 formed 
a procession, and headed by the Salem Cadet band marched to the dif- 
ferent halls, and gave their farewell cheers to the buildings that for so 
long a time had been their homes. The dance in the evening was held 
in Memorial hall, owing to the rain which had evidently come to stay. 
At intermission the party adjourned to the gymnasium, where refresh- 
ments were served by Robinson, of Portland. 

On Wednesday came the graduation exercises of the Medical school, 
the address being delivered by Rev. Edward N. Packard, of Syracuse, 
N. Y. Sixteen students received the degree of doctor of medicine. At 
the annual meeting of Phi Beta Kappa, Bros. Alexander, Freeman and 
H. H. Hastings were among the newly elected members. 

The commencement concert occurred at the town hall on Wednes- 
day evening, and was a success in every respect At the close of the 
concert the different fraternity reunions took place in the society halls. 
At the appointed time about forty Theta Delts assembled in Eta's hall. 
over half of that number being alumni. As might be supposed a general 
good time was the result, the banqueting and toasting being prolonged 
into the early hours of morning. 

Thursday was commencement day. At 10:45 ^^ procession, headed 
by the Cadet band, followed by the graduating class, overseers, and visiting 
alumni, marched to the Congregational church. Four of the parts were 
delivered by Theta Delts, Bros. Mitchell, Freeman, Hastings and Chand- 
ler. The Goodwin commencement prize for the best written and spoken 
part was awarded by the committee to Bro. W. B. Mitchell, the subject 
of his discourse being "Permanent Elements#in Christianity." At the 
close of the exercises in the church, the alumni and invited guests to the 
number of three hundred adjourned to the gymnasium, where the com- 
mencement dinner was ser^-ed. The after-dinner speeches were full of 
interest, and contained many amusing anecdotes of college life. Among 


the speakers were Hon. James Ware Bradbury, '25; Hon. W. W. Virgin, 
'44; Mr. B. T. Parsons, '33, and Rev. Elijah Kellogg. 

President Hyde's reception in the evening closed the commencement 
festivities, and with it ended another year of Bowdoin's prosperity. Sev- 
eral donations for the library and scholarships have been received from 
the alumni, funds for the new observatory have been raised, several ad- 
ditions have been made to the college curriculum, and the corps of in- 
structors increased. The only occasion for regret at this time is the de- 
parture from us of Prof. Smith, who for seventeen years has been a faith- 
ful and efficient worker in all departments of the college work. Bow- 
doin's loss is Yale's gain. 

At the examinations Bro. Chandler received one of the first prizes 
for English composition and second prize for extemporaneous composi- 
tion. Bro. Chandler has been engaged as principal of the Franklin 
(Mass.) High School for the coming year. 

The degree of A. M. was conferred on the following Theta Delts : 
C. M. Austin, '87; M. L. Kimball, '87, and I. W. Home, '86. 



Theta Deutei*on can send no glad tidings of honor achieved and 
glory won by her members at commencement — no list of prizes. In fact, 
"the infant" "was of so tender age at that time that senior dignity was 
beyond its years, and so when '90 passed out into the cruel world, no 
loyal brother was found in her ranks. With the exception of class day 
honors and the privilege of reading an abstract from his thesis at the 
graduating exercises, almost the only prize offered to the scholar at 
Tech, is his degree at the completion of his course. No medals or prizes 
for scholarship are awarded by the faculty. But we read with admira- 
tion and pride of the fame and honors w^on by our older brothers and of 
the glory they add to our fraternity. ^ 

This issue of the Shield reminds us that vacation is almost at an 
end. On Monday, September 29th, the Institute wheels will begin to 
turn again and the grinding commence once more. A freshman class, 
even larger, as usual, than that of last year, is promised, and we expect 
to add several to our number from its ranks. We hope to occupy more 
spacious and suitable quarters this year than has been our fortune during 
our short life. Their location will be made known as soon as determined 
and the utmost will be done to entertain any brothers who may favor us 
with a call. 

The outlook for a strong football team this fall is very promising, 
and Tech. will enter the race with confidence of winning back her place 
at the head of the Eastern Inter-Collegiate League. 




On the aflemoon of June loth occurred the first of the commence- 
ment exercises, the prize speaking, and two of the four prizes offered 
were taken by Brothers Perkins, '91, and Gray, '92. The evening of this 
day we held our annual reunion banquet at the Thomdyke, Boston, 
Bro. F. E. Kimball presiding. After we had thoroughly enjoyed a 
poem, "Upon Alcyone," by Bro. C. H. Patterson, Bro. J. F. Albion, as 
toastmaster, called upon Bro. F. E. Bateman, '87, to respond for "Col- 
lege Hill and Alma Mater;*' Bro. Hammond, '68, for " Our Fraternity;" 
Bro. H. E. Taylor, '85, **The Old Woman;" Bro. Fred W. Perkins, '91, 
"The Tuftonian;" Bro. W. H. Chapman, " Our '90 Graduates;" Bro. 
Byron Groce, '69, " Our Charge House;" Bro. Thomas W^ittemore,' 93. 
"Our Babies;" Bro. Mehnn M. Johnson, '92, "Our Girls." In silence 
then we drank to the Omega Charge, and this pleasant banquet was 
ended. Every day of this week we were preparing ourselves for vaca- 
tion by indulging in the finals. 

President Capen, one of Kappa's charter members, preached the 
Baccalaureate sermon to a crowded chapel Sunday on the theme "The 
Responsibilities of the Age," and the next daj' '90 had her class dinner 
to talk over and assume them. Bro. Chapman was the orator of the oc- 
casion. Tuesday, Alumni day, Bro. W. B. French, '70, was elected 
president, and Bro. Charles H. Puffer second vice-president for the en- 
suing year of bur Alumni association. 

Commencement, our thirty-fourth, was one of our best. In the exer- 
cises of the day, which were of the usual order, Kappa was represented by 
two of the four parts delivered by graduates from the College of Letters: 
Bro.' Chapman's "Progress of Peace," and Bro. Herrick's ** Plea for 
Toleration." Four brothers, of whom Kappa is proud, were added to 
the nuAber who so nobly represent her and O A X in business and pro- 
fessional life. Bro. W. H. Chapman, Everett, Mass., will study law; 
Bro. C. R. Herrick, Beverly, Mass., remains undecided; Bro. W. L. 
Ricketts, Monson, Mass., w^ill teach, while Bro. Stephen Rounds enters 
business. Two days more were spent packing up, getting acquainte<l 
with men taking the entrance examinations, and saying good-bye be- 
fore we scattered all over the country for vacation. 

And now I must ask pardon for speaking in a charge letter, of a 
part of the vacation in which not only Kappa boys were interested, but 
also boys from Lambda, Mu Deuteron and Omicron Deuteron. At the 
New England Chautauqua Sunday School Assembly, held at Lake View. 
South Framingham, Mass., there has been organized a college club with 
a membership for this year of 147. Its president is a * JT ^, two vice- 
presidents represent }F T, the secretary and a member of the executive 
committee are O A's. In all twenty-eight colleges and twenty-two fra- 


temities are represented, 9 A X heading the list of the latter with seven- 
teen, A KE following with seven. Two silver medals offered for tennis 
and athletics by the management were both captured by a O A X. Jolly 
days were those of the assembly, and their numbers made it especially so 
to the wearers of the shield, who were very active and prominent in the 

A member of J T refused to place his fraternity initials beside his 
name on the register of the club, and for a reason said that "he was too 
proudof his fraternity.*' His signature followed some sixty who were 
proud to show their colors. Never has any such spirit been noticed in a 
A, for we are neither ashamed of 6 A X nor willing to lose any oppor- 
tunity to let her be known and her power felt. Honor her with your 
name brothers everywhere, and if any of you visit the assembly in future 
years, let your first duty be to sign the "college register," and by means 
of that you will find all the other brothers in attendance. Many new 
instances come from all over the continent this summer of pleasant hours 
following a free and open use of the grand old letters, 6 A X. 

We suppose that these mutual news boxes will be read at the time 
when new men are being tried in the search for true 6 A material. We 
expect good success and hope that every charge, when next we meet in 
council and banquet hall, may unite in relating the same good fortune 
which we have met with in years gone by. 


" Oh do come down and take a hand at tennis, Mr. Adams !" " O, 

no, come in bathing; the surf is magnificent !" " Why, I thought you 

were going in our boating party !" These are the cries greeting me as I 

sit in the cool office of the Grove Hill Hotel, Kennebunk Beach, Me. But 

to-day they have no charm, for I am in love, and what cares a man for 

tennis or bathing or boating parties when he can be with his loved one 

alone. Ah 

" She is my own; 

And I as rich in having such a jewel 

As twenty seas, if all their sands were pearl. 

The water nectar, and the rocks pure gold.'* 

Who is my love ? None other than Theta Delta Chi ! I am engaged 
in writing a letter to the beautiful Shiei,d. That is communion truly 
sweet Shakespeare could not have given me more appropriate lines to 
express my affection had he flourished himself in the line of Greek letter 
societies and been a Theta Delt. Here I have found the friends and 
their adoption tried, and as the great Poet advised, have grappled them 
to my heart with hooks of steel. 

Commencement? That is the first topic. A commencement at Bos- 
ton university is not such a scene of grand balls, big feeds and field day 


festivities as is found at most colleges. But we are certainly ahead of 
you all in one point, and that is the time of our commencement. May 
sees all studying over, and June first ushers in commencement, so the 
doors to the classic halls are shut and we off at the seaside the second 
week in June. While most college students are sweltering in the hot 
June weather, wishing for June to be over and July w^ith its freedom to 
come, B. U.'s men are free from care and placidly singing — 

Slower, sweet June, 
Bach step more slow, 

Linger and loiter as you go; 
Linger a little while to dream. 

Or see yourself in yonder stream. 
Fly not across the summer so! 

Sweet June, be slow. 
Thirty -two students took their A. B. at the college of Liberal Arts. 
Of these Lambda lo^s seven active members, who will wear the shield 
through life, and we trust live to flaunt the glorious, black, white and 
blue with many a victory to gladden all hearts in Theta Delta Chi. 
We have not lost these brothers; we can never lose true loyal Theta 
Delts. We know they will ever be eager for Lambda's success and wel- 
fare, and that the love with which they are inspired can never grow 
cold, but as gold more splendid from fire appears, so their friendship 
will strengthen with the lapse of years. The brothers are Emery, Fisher, 
Kenny, Lock, Tuthill, Whitaker and Spencer. Bro. Emery was the 
student of the class of '90, and was elected alternate commencement 
speaker. In mathematics he was especially strong and founded what is 
now a flourishing mathematical club. He had the honor of being 
elected senior librarian his last year. Bro. Fisher, our ardent Episco- 
palian, who is said to be preparing to follow in the footsteps of his illus- 
trious pastor, Phillips Brooks, was an earnest student. He was also a 
member of the Monday club, the highest literary honor that can be con- 
ferred upon a student at B. U. Bro. Kenney, was our musician. Owing 
to his persistent endeavor and under his leadership a successful Glee 
club has been favorably introduced to the public. Mr. Kenny is also a 
promising poet and a member of the Monday club. Bros. Locke and 
Whittaker were for three-years our college booksellers, Bro. Locke was 
possessed of a cool head and bright eye, and Bro. Whittaker knew how 
to "buy deer and sell sheep," so they made a big success in the book 
line. Billy has accepted a position in a Vermont academy, and Sedgar 
w^ill take the regular course in the school of Technology. Sedgar is at 
Fryeburg, Me., the gateway of the White Mountains, where he is for his 
fourth consecutive year successful!}' managing the arrangements of the 
Northern New England Chautauqua Assembly. Sedgar was the young- 
est member of his class, and Billy was the handsomest. Bros. Tuthill 
and George Spencer will both enter the School of Theology. Bro. Tuthill 


was a member of Bro. Greg's church, and made himself felt there as well 
as in college. Bro, Spencer was the brilliant member of '90. While in 
college for two years he preached at a union church in Chelsea, and his 
last year supplied the pulpit of the First M. E. church, Lawrence, Mass. 
He had a "call" to the Great Falls church on his graduation, but has 
decided to taste the knowledge of the Theological department before ac- 
cepting settled work. The activity of all these brothers in 6 A X is too 
well known to need repetition. 

Commencement week opened with its usual receptions. Faculty re- 
ception to the seniors, May 23; senior reception, June 2, and trustees re- 
ception to seniors, June 5. All were delightful affairs. The seniors at 
their reception had Jacob Sleeper and other halls in the college elabor- 
ately decorated. The members of the graduating class received their 
friends to the number of 800, and the entire night was spent in temperate 

Tuesday afternoon, June 3d, President Warren delivered the Bacca- 
laureate address in Jacob Sleeper Hall to a crowded audience. It was 
equal to his usual masterpieces on such occasions. The address took the 
form of a novel. It was the * 'Story of Gottoleib," a German youth, in 
search of personal perfection. His sister, a woman of high literary at- 
tainment and moral enthusiasm, accompanies him on a journey, visiting 
the homes of Goethe and studying his life, teachings and influence. She 
teaches him as the principle of a perfect life, growth and development 
in an intelligent, ardent and endless pursuit of perfection, which he 
glowingly accepts. Next is pictured his struggle in giving up this and 
accepting the teaching of the good Catholic monk, Father Sebastian, of 
the Hospital of St Rupert, which is living not to be ministered unto but 
to minister. Then he becomes bewildered by a third principle, "Live 
to become perfect, but serve your fellow men so far as this serving can 
help to make you great and perfect," and the antagonistic teaching, 
"Grow, seek all possible personal improvement, in order that in the end 
you may the better serve your needy fellows." Troubled, and earnestly 
seeking to find which of these four was right, he finally, in a most artistic 
manner, was brought to a missionary'' station, where from a child he 
hears repeated the first and great commandment. Then, like a revela- 
tion, this great truth dawns upon him, "Love is the secret of perfect 
living." "In love, love of the All-perfect, love of the one Lover, every 
noble principle of human living is taken up, every ideal transfigured, 
supplemented, glorified. Henceforth thou knowest the perfect way." 
The beauty of the discourse lay in the fact that each principle above 
mentioned was fraught with logical argument pro and con, and the whole 
story interestingly and artistically written. 

On Tuesday evening the alumni banquets were held. The C. L. A. 
alumni at the Thomdike, the Medical at Parker's, the Law at Young's, 
and the Theological at Theological Hall. At the College alumni dinner 


representatives from every class were present. Four tmstees were re- 
ported as added during the year, Bro. W. P. Odell, '80, being one of the 
number. Announcement was made that a ^90,000 estate on Summer 
street, through the will of Jacob Sleeper, had come into possession of the 
University. At the election of officers, Bro. I. P. Fox, '83, was elected 
President. Among the responders to toasts were Bro. C. L. Goodell, '77i 
Bro. W. P. Odell, '80, and Bro. C. W. Blackett, '86. 

Tremont Temple was crowded on Wednesday afternoon, when the 
Commencement exercises took place. Festoons and garlands of green 
were gracefully hung around the hall. The Germania orchestra furnished 
appropriate selections. There were 168 candidates pi-esent, 58 of whom 
had previously received degrees and were taking advanced college work. 
Degrees were conferred as follows : From the C. L. A. 32 received A. B., 
4 received Ph. B. ; from the College of Agriculture 19 received B. S. ; from 
the School, of Theology 17 received S. T. B. ; 7 received diplomas; from 
the Law School 52 received hh. B.; from the Medical School 27 received 
M. D., 2 B. S. ; from the School of All Sciences 4 received A. M. and 4 
received Ph. D. The thesis subjects of Lambda's graduates were as 
follows : 

Bro. Emery — Faith and Knowledge. 

Bro. Fisher — State Socialism. 

Bro. Kenney — Music as a Fine Art and its Relation to Culture, 

Bro. Locke — Cicero as Seen in His Letters, 

Bro. Tuthill — Looking Forward (and "Looking Backward.") 

Bro. Whitaker — The Importance of Modem Languages in College. 

The Trustees' Reception was held in the evening. This was the last 
of the parting joys. Some 600 guests were present. They were received 
on behalf of the Trustees by ex-Gov. and Mrs. Clafflin, R. W. Clark, 
President Warren, Miss Marion Talbot, Senator Jefts, Rev. J. H. Twom- 
bley and daughter, His Excellency Gov. Q. A. Brackett, Dr. and Mrs. 
Daniel Steele, Rev. and Mrs. W. N. Brodbeck, and Bro. and Mrs. W. P. 
Odell. There were many distinguished guests present and the occasion 
was one long to be remembered by '90. 

The Alumni Association of the class of '90 was formed Thursday 
morning, with Bro. Stephen Emery, President 

Lambda held her usual meeting in honor of the graduate Thetas 
Thursday morning. The occasion was too sacred for print Its memor) 
will never leave the hearts of those present. 

At a meeting of the Trustees, E. N. Kirby, A. M., of Harvard, was 
elected David Snow Professor of Elocution and Oratory, and Prof. H. C, 
Sheldon was elected to the chair of Sacred and Church History. 

Soon after Commencement the boys scattered and have been enjoy- 
ing a glorious summer. Bros. Bickford, Willet, Cobb and Wyman re- 
mained in Boston, being respectively in the employ of the Moverick 
National Bank, the National Bank of North America, the New England 


Trust company and the National Bank of Redemption. Bro. Jack Spen- 
cer spent Jnly with Bro. Hobson at Island Pond, Vt. Bro. Hobson will 
not return to the Law School, as he has accepted a ripe opportunity in 
the lumber business. Bro. Will Spencer has been sinf^ing at ^e Claren- 
don Street Church, Boston, filling the vacancy occasioned by Bro. Snow's 

Bro. Hopkins, '93, has spent his summer in Port Antonio, Jamaica, 
working for the Boston Fruit Company. 

Bro. Kellogg, '93, is preaching at Stewartstown, N. H. , where he has 
electriHed the people and built them a church 

Bro. Fuller, '93, is summering at Squirrel Island, where he occupies 
a beautiful villa. 

Bro. Harry Sylvester, '92, has felt it his duty to '*do" the resorts. 
He has divided his time between Keene, N. H., and Newport, R. I., 
camping at Bellingham, Bristol, N. H., Island Pond, Vt., Old Orchard 
and Kennebunkport. 

Bro. Adams, '92, has been trying his luck as manager of the Grove 
Hill Hotel, Kennebunk Beach, and Bro. Pitcher, '93, served acceptably 
as master of ceremonies at the same place. 

Bro. Paull, '92, the Apostle, has been learning the ways of the world 
traveling for A. S. Barnes & Co. 

Bro. Gillman, '92, has returned from his Southern trip invigorated, 
refreshed and with still increased dignity. 

Bro. Hawkins has been laying low at his home in Stoneham. 

Bro. Heckhert, '93, is making a small fortune in Wobum. 

Bro. Snow, '91, is farming. 

Bro. Hobson, '89, will not return to the Law School, as he finds his 
health improving among the mountains and has accepted a valuable 
offer in the lumber business. His counsel will be missed. 

Bros. Butler, Wenzel and Candlin, '91, Balcom, Downs and Tewks- 
bury, *92, Noble and Hamlin, '93, are helping papa in the shop, et cetera, 
etc., X y z. 

Under Bro. Bickford's management our club house at 39 Holyoke 
street, has been repainted, repapered and newly carpeted throughout. 
Some new furniture has also been added, so that the house will present a 
very pretty appearance at the meeting of the boys in the middle of Sep- 

A larger number of the sub-Freshies appeared at the June examina- 
tions than ever before. A big class is looked for, and we have our eyes 
on some good material. Will report later. 

The summer breezes are blowing a trifle fresher and I see my friends 
have finished tennis. Sylvester is coming back with the girls from boat- 
ing, while I hear Pitcher's voice giving the B. U. yell and I know the 
bathers are returning hungry for dinner. We have met lots of good 
Thetas here. Dartmouth has supplied the Ocean Bluff House with their 


bead and second head waiter, Bowdoin furnished an editor for the Wave^ 
and a number of guests at this popular resort have given us that mystic 
grip that thrills from head to sole. 


About th£ latest news from Mu Deuteron is connected with Com- 
mencement. The throng of visitors began to gather in Amherst before 
Saturday night, and on that evening, after the easy though unnecessary 
victory over Williams, that closed our base ball season, the campus was 
alive with the sights and sounds of celebration, for Amherst had won her 
second pennant this spring. 

Sunday morning President Seelye preached the Baccalaureate ser- 
mon before his last class. His theme was the true principles of exchange. 
** Strive to give more than you receive," was his solution of this much 
agitated and much agitating problem. 

Ou Monday occurred the Hardy Senior debate and the Kellogg Prize 
Speaking of the Freshmen and Sophomores, in which we were represented 
by Bro. Smith, '92. 

On Tuesday, Class Day, perhaps the most crowded with events of any, 
Mu Deuteron shone in the person of Bro. Reynolds, the Grove orator, the 
funny speaker. In early evening the society receptions took place, and 
although the addition to our house was not finished, we were able to use 
the new parlors for entertaining our friends. Immediately after the re- 
ceptions comes the Hyde Prize Speaking of six selected orators from the 
Senior class. At the close of this exercise a public announcement is 
made of the prizes awarded for the year, most of them not being known 
till this time. Here, as for two years before, the names of Theta 
Delts were rife ou the air. Of the Senior class, Bro. Ballou received the 
Law Latin Prize of $25, and Bro. Daniels one-half of the fco Billings 
Prize in Literary Latiu. From the Junior class, Bro. K. S. Woodworth 
received the Hutchens Greek Prize of $60. Of the Sophomores, Bro. 
\V. J. Fisher was awarded the first German of J40, while the second Ger- 
man of 1^20 and the first Latin of $40 went to Bro. Brainerd. Finally, 
Bro. A. V. Woodworth, of the Freshman class, took the first prize of (40 
in the Greek of that year. You see us standing well in general scholar- 
ship, but doubtless notice the lack of speaking honors. In fact, we must 
acknowledge that we are not yet firmly on our feet in the speaking de- 
partment, but we are working and learning how to work, and believe 
that next year will show an improvement. 

After the Hyde speaking our friends gathered once more in our new 
parlors and enjoyed a few exercises in honor of the fact that Mu Deuteron 
was five years old. Our ever-interested alumnus, Bro. Palmer, of '85, 
led off, and was followed by Bro. Camp, '89, who gave a sketch of our 


history. Bro . Avery, '91, spoke on the benefits of a fraternity, the 
speeches being interspersed with fraternity songs. Our friends professed 
themselves well pleased, and we certainly were. Among those present 
were Bros. Palmer and Sherman, '85, and Bros. Camp, Chamberlain, 
Crowell, Spaulding, Walker and White, of '89. Next day we were glad 
to see also the faces of Bros. Bartlett, *88, and Humphrey, '89. Two 
Theta Belts, Bros. Ballon and Whitaker, made creditable appearances 
on the Commencement stage. 

At the Alnmni dinner, immediately afterwards, the Trustees made 
the unwelcome announcement of the resignation of President Seelye — 
unwelcome, but not imexpected. Great interest has been taken by Am- 
herst alumni in the choice of his successor, and while this charge letter 
is being written news comes of the selection by the Trustees of President 
Gates, of Rutgers. Whether he will accept or not will not perhaps be 
known before the Shield is printed. The outcome will be eagerly 
watched by Mu Deuteron men, scattered as they are far and wide for the 
summer. Two of our alumni, Bro. Spaulding of '89 and Bro. Daniels of 
'90, have been teaching Latin in the summer school at Amherst. Bro. 
Spaulding returns in the fall to the Louisville, Ky., Military Academy, 
and takes Bro. Ballou, '90, with him. Bro. Daniels is to be Principal of 
the High School at Medway, Mass. In fact, nearly all of our '90 gradu- 
ates intend to teach next year, although Bros. Crockett and Landfear 
have not yet fixed on the place, as far as known to your correspondent. 
Bro. W'hitaker, who taught a Greek class in the Amherst High School 
this last year, made such a record that on the resignation of Bro. Sher- 
man, *85, from the Principalship of this school, Bro. Whitaker was at 
once given the position. We are especially glad that a Theta Delt is to 
fill Bro. Sherman's place, for we shall miss his constant interest and ad- 
vice; but he goes to a higher position as teacher in a Philadelphia school. 
He is abroad this summer studying German in preparation for his work. 
Of our '90 alumni only Bros. Bartlett and Reynolds do not intend teach- 
ing next year. Bro. Reynolds will take much needed rest at home, and 
Bro. Bartlett goes to Union Theological Seminary. 


With the commencement of 1890, Omicron Deuteron sent out into the 
world five Theta Delts. Though the delegation was smaller than usual, 
it won no less honors for onr beloved fraternity. Three of the five were 
commencement speakers, another received special honors, while the fifth 
would have represented our charge on class day, had not the class voted 
to do away with that exercise of commencement week. 

The first exercise of the week was the prize speaking, in Bissell hall, 
Monday evening, June 23. On Tuesday, the day heretofore given to 


class day, there were no exercises of the College proper. The annual 
meeting of Phi Beta Kappa was held Wednesday morning, at which 
meeting Bros. Abhott, Benton and Mills became members of that society. 
The comer-stone of the Y. M. C. A. building, which is to cost about 
$15,000, was laid at 4 p. m., after which the various societies held re- 
unions in their respective halls. Having had so large an attendance at 
our re-union last year, we were somewhat disapp>ointed at meeting only 
threee of our alumni, Bro. Morton, '80, of San Francisco, Cal.; Bro. 
Kelley, '86, of South Hadley, Mass., and Bro. Aiken, '87, of Princeton 
Theological Seminary. We sincerely hope that more of our graduate 
members may be able to return to Hanover in 1891. 

The commencement exercises occurred at 10:30 a, m., Thursday. 
Bros. Abbott and Mills received English orations, and Bro. Benton a dis- 
sertation. At the alumni dinner, immediately after the commencement 
exercises, Bro. Abbott responded to the toast of ** '90. " 

The announcement of the prizes and honors shows brothers of Omi- 
cron Deuteron to have received the following : 

Special honors in chemistry, Bro. Dearborn, '90. 
Honorable mention in philosophy, Bro. Abbott, '90. 

political science, Bro. Abbott, '90. 

physics, chemistry and astronomy, Bro. Colby, '91. 

German, Bro. Allison, 91. 

Latin, Bro. Potter, '92. 

mathematics, Bro. Doty, '92. 

Greek, Bro. Potter, '92. 
Second prize in English composition, $24, Bro. Mills, *90. 
First prize in Latin, I30, Bro. Potter, '92. 

College opens September 4th, and that day will find us (26 in all) back 
at Hanover well rested and ready for work; the freshmen will have no 
peace for a few days, at least. We, probably lose only one man next 
year, Bro. Towne, 93, who leaves college. Bro. Colby, *9i, has been 
elected one of the editors of the Dartmouth for next year. Bro. Hop- 
kins, '91; Belknap and Shirley, '92, are our representatives on the Liter- 
ary Monthly. 

As far as known, the occupations of the members of the *90 delega- 
tion, during next year, will be as follows : Bro. Abbott will teach in Man- 
chester, N. H., and Bro. Benton will follow the same piu-suit in Milwau- 
kee, Wis.; Bro. Bacon is, as yet, undecided. Bro. Dearborn, after an ex- 
tended tour through Eastern provinces, will enter the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons, New York city. Bro. Mills will be instructor in Eng- 
lish in Colgate Academy, Hamilton, N. Y. 

Omicron Deuteron sends best wishes to Sister Charges, and trusts 
that they may be as successful in the "chinning" season so near at hand, 
as in previous ones. 

< ( 



Examinations ended in C. C, N. Y., June loth, and with them ended 
one of the most prosperous years Pi Deuteron has had since its estab- 

We vacated our rooms at 574 Fifth avenue, May ist. Next fall we 
expect to occupy larger and better rooms, in conjunction with the SAX. 
Club and Rho Deuteron. The S jd X Club has at last become a sub- 
stantial reality. One of the features of the club has been the monthly 
suppers, these were always well attended and quite as pleasant in their 
way as the graduate dinner. 

We were fortunate this year in having a prize speaker, Bro. Shultz, 
who is without exception the best declaimer in '92. Prize speaking took 
place at Chickering Hall, June i6th. The prize was won by Mr. A. W. 
Handy, (colored) '90. Bro. Shultz was a good second, which is quite an 
honor for C. C. N. Y. is famous here for its declaimers, and this year the 
speaking was of a higher order than usual. 

Class day exercises this year were in the evening. Bro. Patterson 
was Prophet Bro. Nelson also took part. The Herald of the next day 
said : 

"Mr. Fred H. Patterson then delivered the class prophecy. This 
consisted in basing predictions as to the locations and achievements of 
his classmates upon the peculiarities they had developed in college. No 
member of the class was overlooked. The hits were generally quite 
obvious. They were all clean and good natured, and the academic por- 
tion of the audience, at least, relished them hugely. 

Nearly as good in its way was the reading of the section book by 
Mr, D. Nelson. This feature was not down on the programme. It pur- 
ported to be an abstract from the record of demerits passed upon various 
members of the class by their professors. In many cases the personality 
of the professors and tutors formed an essential element of the jokes." 

At commencement we lost three men, Bros. Patterson, Nelson and 
Boyrer. Bros. Patterson and Nelson have been indefatigable in their 
efforts to advance the interests of 2J X at C. C. N. Y., and their efforts 
have been successful. Bro. Boyrer, whom I take this opportunity to in- 
troduce to the fraternity at large, was initiated just before examinations, 
but has already shown himself to be possessed of those good qualities 
that make a true and loyal Theta Delt. 

On June 17, Pi Deuteron held her fiflh annual banquet at Mazzetti's. 
After the initiation of Bros. H. C. Nelson, '91, and G. W. Kosmack, '93, 
we sat down to a "feast in season and the flowing bowl." Bro. Wett- 
laufer was toast-master. "Billy" was in one of his most sparkling moods 
aud wit, humor and sarcasm flowed from him with the soft gurgle of 
Mumm's Extra. Bro. Goodwin, our oldest graduate answered to * 'The 


Fraternity,*' Bro. Patterson to "Our Charge." He spoke of the progress 
made by the Charge during the last few years, of the high position we 
now hold in C. C. N. Y.. of the earlier vicissitudes of the Charge, and 
of the hard and faithful work that had raised us to highest position in 
C. C. N. Y. He exhorted the younger brothers to work unceasingly to 
maintain the position that so rightfully belongs to us, but could only be 
retained by constant devotion to the interests of the fraternity. Bro. 
Mclntyre, who graduated this year from the P. and S. had the "Medical 
Profession." After several others had been called upon to speak, Bro. 
Ehlers, of Rho Deuteron, paid a fitting tribute to those brethren it has 
pleased a merciful Providence to affiliate with that Charge we must all 
soonerorlater join, the Omega. 2^ X more than holds her own here. Wc 
have four men on the Glee club, Bro. Alsdorf, first tenor and warbler; 
Patterson, first tenor; Nelson and Shultz, second tenors. In athletics, 
Bro. D. Nelson has been captain of the Lacrosse team and Bro. H. C. 
Nelson succeeds in that position. Lee and Lawson are members of the 
freshmen Lacrosse tea^. In class officers, Patterson, president of '90. 
first term, prophet on class day and assistant marshal, member of 
Eiponia. Bro. Nelson, chairman of the Microcosm board; Bro. Trafibrd, 
president of Phreuocosmia and editor of Mercury ^ and Bros. Gocbel and 
Whithorne, president and secretary of '92. 

We send our best wishes to *'Baby" Theta Deuteron and hope that 
she will soon have a younger sister^ Chas. Hibson, 

212 E. 27th Street, N. Y. City. 



Another commencement season has come and gone, and the most 
apparent trace of its visit is the promotion of freshman, sophomore and 
junior, the materialization of the coming freshman, and the addition of 
the senior to the struggling ranks of alumni Hamilton's seventy-eighth 
commencement, the twenty-third in which W has been interested, was 
ushered in and accompanied throughout by the very auspicious weather 
peculiar to this season of the year, indicative, we trust, of the pleasant 
years of usefulness in store for the members of '90. 

On Sunday morning, June 22d, President Darling delivered tlie 
baccalaureate sermon in the Stone church. It was a characteristic pro- 
duction and contained much advice that cannot fail to accompany the 
graduates long years on their journey of life as encouragement in pros- 
perity and consolation in adversity. In the evening occurred the address 
before the college Young Men's Christian Association, given by Horace 
B. Silliman, the generous benefactor, to whom Hamilton is indebted for 
that elegant structure, "Silliman Hall," the home of the college associa- 
tion, but little over a year since added to her campus adornments. It is 


doubtful whether to Mr. Silliman or to Bro. R. B. Ferine, '90, president 
of the association, congratulations are due the more, whether to Mr. Silli- 
man for his scholarly address, or to Bro. Ferine for the efficient services 
rendered the association as its presiding officer. Under Bro. Periue*s ad- 
ministration, theY. M. C. A. enjoyed a membership and a season of 
prosperity entirely eclipsing that of former years, and he has been able 
to hand down the presidency to his successor with the consciousness of 
having done the association much good. 

Monday of commencement week is comparatively a quiet day. It 
seems as though all the elements which go to make up a pleasant time 
were taking on renewed strength for a successful completion of time- 
worn exercises. And so it happens that the next most notable event 
was the McKinney prize contest in declamation, Monday evening. At 
eight o'clock, the old Stone church which has time and again echoed 
collegiate oratory, was completely filled with commencement visitors 
and friends of the contestants. To gaze upon such a sympathetic au- 
dience is certainly inspiring and well calculated to draw forth the speak- 
er's ablest efforts. The speaking was reported as fully equal to the best 
of former years and bore the unmistakable impress of training in the 
"home of modem oratory." Bro. Hooker was one of the five sophomore 
competitors and sustained the record which Psi has made as being a de- 
posit for college prizes, by taking the first award. • 

By Tuesday the men of the incoming class began to appear, and the 
examination for entrance which is always on the programme for the 
forenoon, was by no means the least important feature for them. In the 
afternoon the graduating class held their usual campus-day exercises on 
College Hill, at which Bro. Lee delivered the response for the class of '91 
in an interesting and vivacious manner, peculiar only to himself. 

Wednesday was by far the most busy day of the week. From the 
game of base ball between the nine of alumni and the undergraduate 
nine in the morning, until the address before the society in the evening, 
everjrthing was bustle and activity. This was the day of class and fra- 
ternity reunions. And it is through these latter that sons of Fsi delight 
to feel a renewal of the fires of devotion in the hearty hand clasps of 
brotherhood and in the enjoyable recollection of other days. Psi was 
particularly interested in the class-day exercises in the Stone church in 
the afternoon, since Bro. Ferine was the orator of the occasion, and ably 
did he maintain the reputation of former Theta Delts in whose occupancy 
of this position the Charge proudly rejoices. 

Thursday's sun rose cheerily over the Deerfield hills, and ere he was 
many honrs high the hum of busy activity which came from the valley 
below told the late rising student that the last day of '90's college ex- 
perience had already dawned and was well on its way toward the meri- 
dian. At precisely 9:30 a. m., the final graduation exercises began, the 
flood gates of oratory were opened and a torrent of eloquence, such as 


Clinton sees but once a year, was poured out upon the helpless, yet sym- 
pathetic listeners. Then followed the granting of degrees and award of 
prizes, and thirty-six men were added to Hamilton's long list of alumni. 

Although Psi loses but one this year by graduation, she is deeply 
sensible of the loss and follows the departing brother with a tender bene, 
diction. We all wish that Bro. Ferine may ever be attended by the 
same eminent success which has characterized his college course ; that 
he may meet those who will remind him of the brothers he now leaves, 
by the interest they may take in his welfare, and that he may fonn 
friendships like those ripened by the years now closed which can end but 
with life. 

All the brothers are rejoicing in the success of Bro. Northrop, '91, 
who has been awarded a Hawley medal for classical excellence in his 
class. Bro. Lee, '91, comes in for his share of congratulations by the 
capture of the $200 Greek scholarship, second junior prize essay and also 
a classical medal. 

Psi takes great pleasure in introducing to the brothers Bro. Hannibal 
Smith, '66, who is as enthusiastic a Theta Delt as though he had always 
been a member of our beloved fraternity and not initiated into its mys- 
teries only last commencement. Bro. Smith was a member of the old 
Phoenix society which was merged into our Charge. We gladly record 
the following brethren among our commencement guests: M. V. B. 
Ward, '65; John H. Cunningham, '66; Rev. W. B. Lucas, '66; Prof. A. 
G. Benedict, '72; R. C. Briggs, '73; Prof. C. A. Borst, '81; S. W. Petrie, 
'76; J. H. Pardee, '89; C. W. E. Chapin, '89; Prof. Jas. D. Rogers, '89; 
J. H. Ayers, '89, and Bro. Kellogg, '73, of .Omicron Deuteron. 

From country', town and city the members of Psi will soon be filing 
back to assume their places of duty in college and fraternity work. Two 
members from the incoming class have already pledged themselves to 
join us, and with the probability of a total membership considerably ex- 
ceeding that of last year, our Charge looks forward to a promising future. 
As the students return they will find everything much the same as at the 
close of college last June. However, one familiar face will be missed 
among the faculty. The well-known figure of Dr. Peters 
will no longer be seen in the routine duties of his astronomical work. 
He has passed to his reward. In the death of the veteran astronomer, 
not only does Hamilton College lose a valued instructor, but science is 
deprived of a devoted revelator. As to who will succeed him, there 
are at present no indications; but when that person shall take his seat, 
w^hoever he may be, the greatest thing one can then say of him will 
be, that he was chosen to fill the vacancy in the chair of astronomy at 
Hamilton College, caused by the death of Prof. C. H. T. Peters. 




Ofeeta : Deffa : Gfel. 

Volume VI. 




IN iHHB iHiisifESiiis OP 

f Ma : ©elfa : ©gl. 

Voandad In 1849. Bevlovd 1b tSSi*. 





VO\in\)tQ M VJH\OH COLLtGt \6Uft 


Theodore B, Broimi^ 
William Hyslop, 
Abel Beach, 

William G. Aiken, 
Samuel F. Wile, 
Andrew H, Green. 



- /5/7 

Union College, 



Cornell University. 

Gamma, - - - 


University of Vermont. 

Gamma Deuteron, - 

- 1889 

University of Michigan. 



Rennsselaer Polytechnic Institute. 


- /to 

College 0/ William and Mary. 

Epsilon Deuteron, 


Yale University. 

Zeta, - 

- 1853 

Brown University. 

Eta, - - 


Bowdoin College. 


- 1854 

Kenyon College. 

Theta Deuteron, 


Mass. Institute Technolog>'. 



Harvard University. 


- 1856 

Tufts College. 

Lambda, - - - 


Boston University. 


- ^857 

University of North Carolina. 

Mu Deuteron, 


Amherst College. 


- 1837 

University of Virginia. 

Nu Deuteron, 


Lehigh University. 


- 1857 

Hobart College. 

Omicron, - - 


Wesleyan University. 

Omicron Deuteron, - 

- 1869 

Dartmouth College. 

Pi, ... 


fefferson College. 

Pi Deuteron, 

- 1881 

College of the City of New York. 



University of South Carolina. 

Rho Deuteron, 

- 1883 

Columbia College. 

Sigma, - 


Dickinson College. 

Tau, ... 

- f863 

College of yctu fersey {Princeton), 

(■psilon, - 


I'niversity of Lewisburg. 

Phi, . 

- 1866 

Lafayette College. 



University of Rochester. 


- 1867 

Hamilton College. 

1890. Gr^AND liODGB. I89i. 

CLAY W. HOLMES. Elmira. N. Y. 


DUNCAN C. LEE. Hamilton College, Clinton, N, Y. 


EDWARD C. EHLERS, i8o W. loth St., New York. 

O. S. Davis, White River Junction, Vt. 


Beta - - - E. M. Wii^on, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Gamma Deuteron W. H. BuTi^KR, 6 A X Honse, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Delia - - Chas. E. Birch, P. O. Box 96, Troy, N. Y. 

Epsilon Deuteron E. Y. Ware, 9 Library St., New Haven, Conn. 

Zeta - - Henry J. Spooner, Jr., Providence, R. I. 

Eta - - - WiLi. O. Hersey, Brunswick, Me. 

Theta - - Louis E. Durr, Gambier, Ohio. 

Theta Deuteron J. F. White, Hotel Ilkley, Boston, Mass. 

Kappa - - Melvjn M. Johnson, Tufts College, Mass. 

Lambda - - F. W. Adams, 39 Holyoke Street. Boston, Mass. 

Mu Deuteron - Robt. S. Wood worth Amherst, Mass. 

Nu Deuteron - C. W. Gkarhart, 237 South New St., Bethlehem, Pa. 

Xi - ' ' L. F. Potter, Lock Box 19, Geneva, N. Y. 

Omicron Deuteron V. A. Doty, Hanover, N. H. 

Pi Deuteron - Geo. W. KOvSMak, 234 E. 49th St., New York. 

J^ho Deuteron - Arthur Hay, School Mines, Columbia Coll., Ntw 

Sigma - - Fred H. Fletcher, Carlisle, Pa. [York. 

/%/ ... \v. L. Sanderson, Phillipsburg, N. J. 

Psi - - . John B. Hooker, Jr., Clinton, N. Y. 

Corresponding Secretaries. 

Beta - - - T. Burton Van Dorn, 9 A X House, Itkaca, N. Y. 

Gamma Deuteron Kdwin A. Coi,E, 6 A X House, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Delta - - Tim B. Cram, Box 23, Troy, N. Y. 

Epsilon Deuteron Burton D. Bi^air, 36 Elm St., New Haven, Conn. 

Zeta - - - A. D. Tuckkr, Providence, R. I. 

Eta - - - Frank Durgin, Brunswick, Me. 

Theta - - Louis E. Durr, Gambier, Ohio. 

Theta Deuteron J. F. White, Hotel Ilkley, Boston, Mass. 

Kappa - ' J. M. Hoi,uster, Tufts College, Mass. 

Lambda - - John Wenzei*, 39 Holyoke St., Boston, Mass. 

Mu Deuteron - Wii^lard J. Fisher, Amherst, Mass. 

Nu Deuteron - J. S. HEII.IG, 237 Scftith New St., Bethlehem, Pa. 

Xi - - - G. R. Brush. L. Box 19, Geneva, N. Y. 

Omicron Deuteron F. L. Hayes, Hanover, N. H. 

Pi Deuteron - W. H. Butler, in E. 76th St., New York City. 

Rho Deuteron - E. C. Ehlers, 180 W. loth St., New York City. 

Sigma - - J. R. Heberling, Carlisle, Pa. 

Phi . - - Gus VoiGT, 137 McKean Hall, LaFayette College, 

Pii - - - Duncan C. LEE, Clinton, N. Y. [Easton, Pa. 

Theta Delta Chi Club, 



VICE presidents. 




A. L. COVILLE, 147 W. 6 1st street, New York. 

C. D. MARVIN. 18 Wall St., New York. 





Cornell, Hobart, Hamilton, R. P. I. 

Andrew H. Green, President,, Syracuse, N. Y. 

M. N. McLaren, Secretary and Treasurer, Ithaca, N. Y. 


Amherst, Bowdoin, Brown, Boston University, 

Dartmouth, Tufts, Yale. 

Seth p. Smith. President, 23 Court St., Boston, Mass. 
E. H. Newbegin, Secy and Treas., Brunswick, Me. 


O. P. Baldwin, President, Baltimore, Md. 
Alex M. Rich, Sec'y and Treas,, Reisterstown, Md. 


Hon. Willis S. Paine, President, 50 Wall St., New York. 

Charles D. Marvin, Secy and Treas., 18 Wall St, New Yoik- 

Benj. Douglass, Jr., Chairman Ex. Com., 314 Broadway, New York. 


Wm. R< North w.av. President, Chicago, 111. 
W. C. Hawley, Secy, Room 549, "The Rookery," Chicago, III. 


Hon. Daniel N. Lockwood, President, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Henry Chace, Secretary and Treasurer, 36 Niagara St., Buffalo, N. Y. 



UOIi. UI. DBGBMBBI^, 1890. HO. ft. 


On the second day of October occurred an international 
ceremony in New York city which will be handed down to 
posterity as one of the important events in the history of 
America. It is not often that England records an unsolicited 
testimonial to the genius of an American citizen; hence the 
importance which attaches to the occasion referred to. The 
unveiling of the statue of Alexander L. HoUey by the Iron 
and Steel Institute of Great Britain is of special interest, as 
Theta Delta Chi is a participant in this great honor. The 
Shield feels entirely justified in devoting liberal space to an 
account of this ceremony, and as full a history of the life of 
Brother Holley as can be obtained. We thus perpetuate his 
meniory and join the vast throng in paying our affectionate 
tribute to one of America's most distinguished scientists. 

The afternoon session of the convention was given up en- 
tirely to the ceremony. At 2 o'clock, in Chickering Hall, after 
Contemo's band had played **God Save the Queen," in honor 
of the English visitors, James Dredge, editor of the London 
Engineering, delivered a most elaborate memorial address and 
eulogy. We quote from the Tribune of Oct. 3d : 

**Mr. Dredge prefaced his address with the reading of letters in 
praise of Alexander Iv. Holley from James Forrest, the Secretary of the 
British Institute of Civil Engineers, and Sir Henry Bessemer, the in- 
ventor. He continued in part: 

When I received an invitation from your joint committee to deliver 
the inaugural address that was to precede the ceremony of unveiling the 
Holley Memorial Statue, I was bewildered at the great and wholly unex- 
pected honor thus suddenly pressed upon me. Of HoUey's history I can 
give you little that is new; possibly this is neither the time nor place to 


enlarge upon, or even to repeat, What you have been already told so well. 
His was the story of all great men — a, noble mission faithfully fulfilled; a 
life cheerfully yielded when his work was done. , To him were entrusted, 
not five, but fifty talents, and of all he could render an account manifold 
when he entered into his rest. 

In 1857, I was the first person to shake hands with Holley on his 
arrival in England. Twenty-five years later I was the last Bnglishman 
to shake him by the hand in London, when we said our final farewell. 
You cannot imagine the eflect which the sudden apparition of the two 
young Americans, Holley and Colbum, in the gloomy London office, had 
upon me. They appeared to me like beings from a superior world, so 
unlike were they to any persons I had ever met before. Even with my 
untutored and crude power of perception, I could feel that they were 
surrounded with an atmosphere of energy and intelligence; that they 
were overflowing with vitality. The one seemed to me a spirit of dark- 
ness, the other a spirit of light; and both so immeasurably my superiors 
that I could do little more than gaze on them in wonder. 

When their brief visit came to an end, and they returned to New 
York, most of the light went out of my life, though their influence re- 
mained behind, especially that of Holley, whose bright individuality 
rested with me as an ideal, which I might, perchance, with time and 
constant effort, feebly imitate. The following year 2^rah Colbum re- 
turned to London alone. He became the editor of The Eng^ineery and I, 
having sought him out. had the privilege of being closely and intimately 
associated with him until the curtain fell upon his tragic end. As no 
doubt you know, afler he returned to England in 1858, he made his per- 
manent home there, with the exception of a few months in i860, which 
he passed in Philadelphia. You are also aware that it was he who 
founded the London Eng^ineering in 1866. Into the management of this 
journal he threw, for the first three years, the whole force of his great 
erratic powers. After their first visit to London, and their joint publica- 
tion of the volume on European railways, Holley and Colbum, without 
becoming actually estranged, had but little in common. The dark and 
fiery genius of the one was in fact so opposed to the trained talents and 
noble soul of the other, that it was impossible for any real and lasting 
sympathy to exist between them." 

After giving an extended resume of his life and work, 
substantially as given in the subsequent portions of this sketch, 

Mr. Dredge concluded as follows : 

" It was early in the summer of 1880 when Holley received the first 
warning that his career was drawing to a close. Twenty-five years of life 
at high pressure had told on his constitution, though his energy and 
magnificent mental powers remained unaffected. 

It was my privilege to pass many hours by Holley's bedside during 
this long period of trial, and if my presence and his knowledge of the 


constant solicitude of his very numerous friends in London afforded him 
some consolation ; his fortitude, his patience and his calm endurance not 
only called forth our constant admiration, but taught a lesson I can never 
forget; an example few of us can hope to follow. It was very long before 
the faintest ray of hope threw a gleam upon that sick bed; not until after 
he had been absolutely condemned by the highest medical opinion. I 
believe that nothing but his indomitable determination, which never 
flagged, saved his life. He had from the first a fixed resolution to live, 
and I think he never once lost confidence. Some of you, at a later time, 
saw a similar scene enacted; but, then, alas! he was able only to keep 
death at arm's length for a few hours, instead of repelling it altogether* 
It was during this period that I learned the inner aspect of Holley*s char- 
acter. It was no seamy side that was thus exposed to me; but, on the 
contrary, great and gentle virtues, combined with an absolute trust that 
all was well, which showed the noble gentleman and the true Christian. 
The closer death approached the more resigned he grew. **So far as I 
am concerned," he would say, "it matters nothing; I have done my best 
with the powers that I possessed, not for money or ambition, but because 
I just had to do my best And it is impossible for me to die for another 
eighteen months; those I leave behind me must be provided for, and I 
can do that easily in a year and a half." 

After the completion of this scholarly effort the Associa- 
tion repaired to Washington Square. A large crowd had 
gathered, waiting to witness the unveiling ceremony. The 
monument stands on a little triangular grass plot beneath the 
shade of two giant elms. The bust is of bronze, the work of 
J. Q. A. Ward, and a perfect likeness of Mr. Holley. The 
pedestal is of sand-finished limestone. The rectangular die 
rising from two steps is surmounted by a handsome ornate cap, 
the whole being eight feet high. It is flanked by two wings, 
jutting out near the back and terminating in rectangular posts 
five feet high. The inscriptions on the face are in raised 
letters and are as follows : 


Bom in Lakeville, Conn., July 20, 1832. 
Died in Brooklyn, N. Y., January 29, 1882. 

In Honcir of 


Foremost Among Those 

Whose Genius and Energj- 

Established iu America 

And Improved Throughout 

The World the 

Manufacture of 

Hessenier Steel, 

This Memorial is Erected 

By Engineers . 

Of Two Hemispheres. 

Mr. James C. Bayles, Chairman of the Committee of the 
American Institute of Mining Engineers, the American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers and the American Society of Civil 
Engineers, took a position on the base of the pedestal. By his 
side stood Alexander Holley Olnistead, the infant grandson of 
the great engineer, and President Gallup, of the Park Board. 

Mr. Bayles spoke as follows, (we quote from the Times.) 


Mr. Commissioner: On behalf of the General Committee represent- 
ing three great engineering societies of the United States, I have the 
honor to surrender to your official custody, as executive head of the De- 
partment of Public Parks, this memorial bust of Alexander Lyman Holley. 
It is proper that the beautiful parks of the chief city of the United States 
should be adorned Mrith monuments commemorating the beneficent vic- 
tories of peace and preserving in enduring bronze the features of those 
whose work has contributed to the material progress of the nation. If 
the 'soldier and statesman are worthy to be thus held in lasting remem- 
brance, not less so in a republic are those who have made its industrial 
history and led the progress of the arts and sciences. Our heroes are not 
alone those who have repelled invasion, suppressed rebellion, or broad- 
ened our boundaries by conquests of the sword or pen, but in a better 
sense those who have made the great forces of nature subservient to our 
purposes, and placed at the command of industry and enterprise the 
means which have rendered possible a national development that com- 
mands the admiration of the world. 

Perhaps its presence will not be without significance in a city where 
the petty struggles of parties and factions for brief and inglorious su- 
premacy waste so many lives and occupy so large a share of our thoughts. 
No less significant is the fact that it is unveiled in the presence of so 
many distinguished representatives of the profession of engineering, not 
only in our own country, but of Great Britain and the Continent of Eu- 
rope. Never before has such a company assembled for such a purpose. 
It cannot but be of advantage to the rising generation to be reminded 
that those are ever held most worthy of honor who have done most to 
benefit mankind, and that when names written on the shifting sands of 
popular favor are obliterated and forgotten, those chiseled upon the 
comer-stones of our national prosperity will live in grateful remembrance. 

In reply President Gallup said : 

It is indeed fitting that in this country, where genius and invention 
are triumphant, our citizens should turn aside now and then from their 
labors to pay just tributes to those who have made her great. Among 
them. truly was he who has been so honored to-day as one of the greatest 
of engineers. Your Chairman has spoken of the beneficent victories of 
peace. In the same spirit I accept this bronze on behalf of tlie city of 
New York. Once before we struck hands with a people to whom we owe 
the beacon that lighted the way of our guests to this port. And so I ex- 
tend to them a like welcome, that this memorial may serve as another 
emblem of the good will of nations. 

As soon as President Gallup ceased speaking, the little 
grandson of the noble ancestor pulled the cord which held the 
American flag, that had covered the statue, and as it fell there 


was revealed to the gaze of the multitude a monument which 
will stand for generations to come. Thus ended this most 
fitting ceremony. 

Alexander Lyman Holley was born in Lakeville, Conn., 
July 20, 1832. He was the son of Alexander H. Holley, after- 
ward Governor of the State. He graduated from Brown Uni- 
versity in 1853. Quoting from the Times: 

*' For a time he worked in a machine shop, and then, being a very 
worshipper of steam locomotives, secured employment in the locomotive 
works in Jersey City. In 1856 he turned his attention to engineering 
literature, and was associated with the famous Zerah Colbum in the edit- 
ing of the Railroad Advocate and American Engineer. 

In 1857 Holley and Colbum went to Europe as the representatives of 
several American railroads to study foreign railway practice. They re- 
ceived great attention from foreign engineers, and on their return wrote 
articles for periodicals and a book, in which it was shown conclusively 
that the annual expenses of operating American railroads was one-third 
more per mile than in England. Their revelations and suggestions cre- 
ated a tremendous sensation. The newspapers all took up the matter. 
Holley became regularly connected with the staff of the Times ^ and be- 
tween 1858 and 1863 wrote upward of 300 articles on engineering for its 

In 1859 the Times sent Holley to England to write articles on en- 
gineering topics, and especially on the building of the Great Eastern. 
The Times sent him to England again in i860 to come back on the Great 
Eastern, which had just been launched. He arrived in this city on the 
great vessel June 28, i860, and wrote a page story of the trip over his 
nom de guerre of Tubal Caiu,' in which he forecast, as the result of his 
observation on the Great Eastern's trip, the very fatal diflSculties that 
afterward were demonstrated, and which resulted in her sale for 'junk.* 

At the beginning of the civil war, when Holley had a professional 
standing second to none, he offered his services to the United States, but 
for some reason never explained, he was not recognized. In 1862 Edwin 
A. Stevens sent him abroad to study ordnance and armor, and on his re- 
turn he published a treatise on the subject, which was the best thing of 
its kind at the time, and is a recognized authority to-day. In 1863 he 
went to Europe for Corning, Wiuslow & Co., of Troy, to get information 
concerning the Bessemer process of manufacturing steel. He succeeded 
in purchasing the American rights of the Bessemer patents. The history 
of his career after 1865 is practically the wonderful history of the Bes- 
semer process in the United States." 
Quoting from the Tribune : 

"The professional honors that were so fully his due, fell thickly 
enough on him during the later years. He was elected President of the 


Institute of Mining Engineers in 1875; he was Vice-President of the 
Society of Civil Engineers in 1876; he founded the Society of Mechanical 
Engineers, in 1877 hie became a member of the Institution of 
Civil Engineers, a body which we in England are proud to regard as the 
parent of all the Anglo-Saxon engineering societies.  

Holley was proposed as a member of the Institution of Civil Engi- 
neers by the late Sir William Siemens, and was seconded by a long list 
of well-known and famous men in the profession. 

Holley was also a member of the Iron and Steel Institute of Loudon. 
In 1875 he was appointed a member of the United States Board for testing 
structural materials; in 1879 he became a lecturer on the metallurgy of 
iron and steel at Columbia College, and in 1878 he was given the degree 
of Doctor of Laws. * * 

Holley was both an orator and poet in his speech, possess- 
ing a wonderful power of language, with a surprising readiness 
of application, and combined therewith humor and eloquence. 
Holley's speeches are the brightest and most powerful of this 
age. Whether in the halls of science or at the festive board, 
he always carried off the palm. The American Institute of 
Mining Engineers issued, soon after his death, a very beauti- 
ful memorial volume, in which are recorded some of his most 
able efforts. 

Soon after entering Brown University, Brown joined the 
Delta Psi society, ar local organization founded in 1850 at the 
University of Vermont. It was organized as an open society, 
and about the time of Holley 's joining, the society became a 
member of the anti-secret confederation. This action so dis- 
pleased the members at Brown that the chapter voted to dis- 
solve their connection with Delta Psi and join some other so- 
ciety. After canvassing the field, an application was made to 
the Theta Delta Chi fraternity for a charter, and after consid- 
erable delay the Zeta charge was chartered. In addition to 
the original members of the defunct chapter of Delta Psi, 
Franklin Burdge and Thomas Simons were included in the 
charter member list. Holley had already graduated before the 
charge was organized, but he at once joined, and as a resident 
of Providence he was actively engaged with the charge as a 
resident member. Holley delivered a masterly oration at the 
convention which was held in Providence in 1855. The con- 
vention had this address printed. After leaving Providence 


he drifted somewhat away from his old chums and became en- 
tirely absorbed in the profession which he so highly honored. 
Bro. Franklin Burdge was one of HoUey's most intimate 
friends, and to him we are indebted for the facts narrated. 
Bro. Burdge writes : 

** I presume it is the first monument to be erected in a public place 
to a member of our society, but I am sure many of the dead are deserving 
such an honor, if monuments were not so sparingly erected in American 
cities. I was intimately acquainted with Holley in college, and often 
visit his tomb in Greenwood. It has a beautiful bronze locomotive on it.** 

That the deeds of men live after them is strongly verified 
in Holley. His fame has become glory, and not only this 
nation, but the world, bows in graceful recognition of the sci- 
entific truths he unfolded. What a rich heritage for his family 
— and his chosen fraternity ! A striking example for the emu- 
lation of the young members whose eyes are now gazing with 
admiration upon the glorious monument he has left to celebrate 
his memory. 

In closing our weak tribute the Shield desires to express 
thanks for many courtesies received from Mr. R. W. Raymond, 
Secretary of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, 
through whose kindness we are enabled to present a fine por- 
trait of Bro. Holley. We are also permitted to quote as a fit- 
ting termination a few lines from the Memorial of Holley, 
published by the Institute, and entitled 


In the old days 
Men walked with nature in the quiet wood, 
And found her features beautiful or good. 

As were their ways. 

Still do they look, 
Painter and poet, seer and holy man, 
For Nature's self, to find her when they can, — 

In field or brook. 

But these new days, 
Oftimes entice from breezy dale and down, 
Her wandering feet into the dingy town, 

Where chimneys blaze. 


Are forge and flue, 
Steeple and street, becoming in her sight, 
More dear than all the joy of day or night, 

That once she knew ? 

That — none may know ; 
Her gifts are hers, to spend them as she will — 
Changed, or the same, Nature is Nature still, 

And chooseth so. 

Of all who seem 
To seek her face, one asks, whom do her eyes 
Rest kindliest on ? Nature herself replies, 

(So we may deem), 

To him that asks ; 
** The wine is given to him that hath the cup ; 
Use is but beauty, girded strongly up 

For kindred tasks." 


The time is not far distant when a discussion will be forced 
upon the college public which is of no small importance. Just 
how long fathers and mothers will consent to remain quiet and 
see their sons ruined for life and usefulness we can not predict, 
but it is becoming a potent fact that the foot-ball craze will 
bring sadness to many families unless some step be taken soon 
to avert the overwhelming excitement now prevalent in that 
direction. The Shield is not an opponent of reasonable 
athletic exercise, but when such institutions as Yale, Princeton 
and Harvard have more interest in foot-ball than the curricu- 
lum, it is high time something should be done. A terrible hue 
and cry has been maintained by some straight-laced college 
faculties against fraternities — and oaths are required that no 
matriculant shall join any society, but forsooth, the same wise 
cranks will allow the brightest and best students to become 
absorbed in an athletic game which is an open invitation to 


bodily wreck. The chapter of accidents for the current year is 
simply appalling. The intense excitement engendered by 
championship contests drives from every player's mind all 
thought of safety to self and the result is more or less personal 
injury at every game. The following extract from the Evening 
Post of Nov. 14, is the text upon which these remarks are 
founded. In speaking of the great Princeton-U. P. and Yale- 
Harvard games, the Post says : 

" Yale will probably have little more ambition than just to defeat 
the Pennsylvanians by a respectable score, for the Harvard game will be 
played a week hence, and no broken bones are wanted." 

Every metropolitan paper teems with the topic — but no 
time is wasted on the damage to the players, this is taken as a 
matter of course. Now, the Shiei*d has no criticism to offer 
on foot-ball /^r^^, l>ut does 'pfote»t'-5tg2^inst any game which 
converts an able bodied yoviijg^.man^ liito si: corpse or a crippled 
invalid with life prospect destro>*ed; ^' Wiiit must be the feeling 
of a student who has feft: home with a brilliant future looming 
up before him,-tl^ pride -of hte- f>a«0fe and friends, who is 
carried home a few short- weeks., later ivith a broken leg— or 
otherwise crippled. After the excitement is over, he can then 
see what might have been. The parents mourning over the 
untoward accident endeavor to nurse him back to health, but 
the faithful physician tells them that the boy's prospects of 
vigor are blighted. He has a stiflf leg or the broken ribs have 
superinduced disease of the lungs. This is the rich reward of 
ambition and sadly the loving father and mother become re- 
signed to the inevitable. Who is to bear the blame for such 
suffering ? No small share of it rests upon the college faculty. 
Bigoted and biased — they frown upon or rule out the fraternity 
which does not ruin but elevates, and allow the ** worst devil 
of them all ' * to come in and reign supreme. 


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JOHN HAY. ^87 



' ' When time with moss 
Shall overgrow his monumental stone, 
And crumble the pale marble into dust, 
His memory shall live; his name shall shine 
On history's page." 

" Is this not a strange fellow, my lord ? that so confidently seems to 
undertake this business, which he knows is not to be done ; damns him- 
self to do ; and dares better be damned than to do it ?" — Shakespeare, 

About the middle of the last century, John Hay, the son 
of a Scottish soldier who had taken service in the amiy of the 
Elector Palatine, emigrated with his four sons from the Rhenish 
Palatinate to America. Adam, one of these sons, had received 
a military training in Europe, and served with distinction in 
the War of Independence. He was a friend and associate of 
Washington; and one of the earliest recollections of his son, 
the late John Hay, of Springfield, 111., was of meeting the 
Commander-in-Chief on a country road; of hearing him greet 
Adam Hay as an old comrade, and of receiving from the 
Father of his Country a friendly pat on the head. This John 
Hay was a man of large build; and although of a quiet and 
peaceable disposition, manifested, on occasions, great strength 
of will and force of character. For instance : Becoming con- 
vinced, at the age of fifty-five, that a slave state was no place 
in which to establish a large family, he moved from Kentucky 
to Sangamon county, 111., all his sons and daughters accom- 
panying him except his eldest son, Charles. The latter studied 
medicine, and on receiving his degree removed to Salem, Ind. 
In 1831 he married a daughter of Rev. David A. Leonard, of 
Rhode Island, a man well known among his contemporaries 
for learning and eloquence, a graduate of Brown University in 
1793, and the poet of his class. Ten years after his marriage, 


Dr. Hay removed to Warsaw, 111., and here he passed the rest 
of his long, useful and honored life. 

John Hay,- the fourth son of Dr. Charles Hay, and the 
subject of the present sketch, was bom in Salem, Ind., Oct. 
8th, 1838. His boyhood was passed in the West during that 
inchoate period *'when the thin picket-line of pioneer villages 
was followed by the organization of great towns, and when all 
the initial steps of local self-government were of foremost in- 
terest. " " Like most educated Western boys, * ' to quote again 
from the Century^ **he knew the political life of which Lincoln 
was the outgrowth and the expression; and he was equally 
familiar with the new type of manhood springing up about 
them.'' When the time came for the selection of a college, it 
is not strange that Hay — influenced, undoubtedly, by the fact 
that Providence, R. I., had been the early home of his mother 
and Brown University the Alma Mater of his maternal grand- 
father — made choice of that college. He, therefore, entered 
*' Brown," and at once took high rank as a writer. This was 
evident, not only from his essays in the departments of rhetoric 
and the various sciences — in short, in all those studies in which 
good writing subjoined to a thorough knowledge of the subject 
is required — but from the fact that whenever anything above 
the ordinary was needed in the way of composition, his ser- 
vices were at once drawn upon. This, too, was the more no- 
ticeable when it is recalled that the class of which he was a 
member was made up of an unusual number of brilliant men, 
excelling especially in composition, and many of whom have 
since become eminent in different walks of life, particularly 
that of journalism. For example : His class poem delivered 
in 1858, before an audience composed chiefly of highly culti- 
vated and beautiful women — Hay was always a great favorite 
with the ladies — is a model of its kind. I trust the Shield 
will at some future time republish it; for which purpose my 
copy — the only one now in existence, as I have reason to be- 
lieve — is at its service. The closing lines of this poem (to my 
mind the quintessence of healthy sentiment), is such an ex- 
quisite gem that the readers of the Shield will thank me for 
reproducing them in this connection : 


" Our words may not float down the surging ages, 

As Hindoo lamps adown the sacred stream; 
We may not stand sublime on history's pages, 

The bright ideals of the future's dream; 
Yet we may all strive for the goal assigned us, 

Glad if we win, and happy if we fail; 
Work calmly on, nor care to leave behind us, 

The lurid glaring of the meteor's trail. 
As we go forth, the smiling world before us 

Shouts to our youth the old inspiring tune; 
The same blue sky is bending o'er us, 

The green earth sparkles in the joy of June. 
Where'er afar the beck of fate shall call us, 

'Mid winter's boreal chill or summer's blaze, 
Fond memory's chain of flowers shall still enthrall us, 

Wreathed by the spirits of these vanished days. 
Our hearts shall bear them safe through life's commotion, 

Their fading gleam shall light us to our graves; 
As in the shell the memories of ocean 

Murmur forever of the sounding waves." * 

After graduating, Hay returned to his home in the West 
and studied law at Springfield, 111., in the oflSce of Abraham 
Lincoln, being admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of 
that State in 1861. Such were his faithfulness and ability, 
that, upon Mr. Lincoln's election to the Presidency, he appoint- 
ed, as his assistant private secretary, the young student whose 
admirable qualities he had witnessed during many months. 
Hay accompanied Mr. Lincoln on his memorable journey from 
Springfield to Washington; was by his side, as secretary and 
confidential friend, nearly every day from i860 to 1865; was 
next to him at both his inaugurations; and, finally, at the 
closing scene, stood by his bed-side and saw him die. 

Did space permit, the President's perspicacity could easily 
be shown by his calling Hay to his side, and also his knowl- 
edge of men by surrounding himself, both in his Cabinet and 
family, with the best of talent, which, indeed, was an element 
of his greatness — the faculty, I mean, of employing material 

♦When it is remembered that the writer of these lines was at this 
time scarcely twenty years of age, the maturity of thought, as well as the 
felicity of expression—illustrated especially in the exquisite and original 
imagery of the last two lines— is simply remarkable ! 


exactly suited for his purposes — thus proving his supreme 
qualifications for the great oflSce to which he had been called. 
The writer can only say, however, that during the entire time 
in which Hay held this position, he remained not only a wise 
counsellor, but a trusted, and dearly loved friend of the Presi- 
dent; li\dng at the White House, and sustaining with him 
daily relations of the closest and most confidential character. 
Hence, it is not singular that during the entire civil war. Presi- 
dent Lincoln should have entrusted to Hay missions of the 
most delicate moment. As the President's aide-de-camp, he 
served for several months under Generals Hunter and Gilmore 
with the additional rank of Major and Assistant Adjutant 
General. He was also brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel and 
Colonel. Again, when the Union cause looked particularly 
dark, and staunch and generally hopeful men, like Horace 
Greeley, hesitated and thought that propositions should be 
made to the Rebels with a view of stopping the awful shedding 
of blood in, what seemed to their gloomy imaginings, a hope- 
less cause, certain Southern refugees in Canada sent word to 
Greeley that in the interests of peace they were willing to go 
to Washington, if protection were accorded them. Mr. Greeley 
lost no time in forwarding their application to the President. 
Mr. Lincoln — almost Godlike in his magnanimity — though 
agonizingly tried on the one hand with the doubts of those 
who, at such a critical time, should have rallied to his support, 
and anxious, on the other, to neglect nothing which might 
lead to a peace conditioned on the return of the Rebels to their 
allegiance, requested Mr. Greeley to go to Canada and have 
an interview with them.* On the latter's arrival in that Prov- 
ince and finding them not accredited from Richmond, he tele- 
graphed the President, who at once sent Major Hay to Niagara 
with a letter to the Confederate agents. It boots not to say 
what was the outcome of these negotiations: the fact is only 
here mentioned to show the supreme confidence Mr. Lincoln 
had in the tact and judgment of his youthful secretary. 

Hay was first Secretary of Legation at Paris in 1865-7, 

mind and 

Hay has most graphicaUy and feelingly depicted Mr. Lincoln's state of 
his uoble patience and forbearance at this time, in his " Irife of Lincoln." 


JOHN HAY. ^91 

and charge d* affaires at Vienna in 1867-8, when he resigned 
and came home. He was, however, soon afterwards appointed 
Secretary of Legation at Madrid under Gen. Daniel E. Sickles; 
and it was while holding this position that he, like his prede- 
cessors at that same court — Prescott and Irving — used the 
opportunity to write his **Castilian Days,'* which, like * 'Ferdi- 
nand and Isabella' ' and * 'The Alhambra, ' ' will always hold a 
permanent place in our literature. Leaving that post in 1870, 
he returned to New York and became an editorial writer on 
the New York Tribune, where he remained some five years. 
He was afterwards editor-in-chief of that paper for seven 
months, during the absence of Whitelaw Reid in Europe. He • 
removed to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1875, and took an active part 
in the Presidential campaigns of 1876, ,1880 and 1884. In 
1879 he accepted the oflBce of First Assistant Secretary of State 
under President Hayes, and discharged its duties until the 
close of that administration; meanwhile representing the United 
States at the International Sanitary Congress of Washington, 
of which body he was elected President. Then, fulfilling a 
long cherished intention, he declined the urgent solicitations 
of Garfield and Blaine to remain in public life, and returned to 
devote himself to the Life of his revered friend, the martyred 
Lincoln. In all these years of official activity, as the Century 
very justly says, **Hay has always rendered distinguished 
serN'ice, and has steadily gained in public estimation as a 
sound, evenly balanced and judiciously minded man." 

The most recent public appearance of Col. Hay was on 
the 19th of last September, on the unveiling of the bronze 
statue of Horace Greeley in front of the Tribune Building; on 
which occasion, as presiding officer, he preceded his graceful 
introduction of the orator of the day, Chauncey M. Depew, 
\^dth the following appreciative remarks : 

'* Greeley's utterances during the war came like a clear clarion, call- 
ing Northern men to action; and his place on the pages of his country's 
history is secure. As long as this statue shall endure, as long as this city 
shall hold its place as one of the centres of the world, Greeley will be 
known as one of the strongest characters in his generation. And while 
this generation lasts there will be many, very many, among whom I can 


count myself, who will remember Horace Greeley as one of the gentlest 
and most sympathetic of friends." 

And that the Fraternity may know the high estimation in 
which he is held, I will add that in the course of Mr. Depew's 
speech, he referred to Hay, among other living men, as one of 
the *'most brilliant names in journalism.** 

And yet, although surrounded by the many cares unavoid- 
able to professional and public life, Col. Hay has never neg- 
lected his literary pursuits. He has published **Pike County 
Ballads," one of the best known of which is **Jim Bludso," 
(Boston, 1871), **Castilian Days,** (Boston, 1871), and in con- 
nection with John G. Nicolay , a * 'History of the Administra- 
tion of Abraham Wncoln,** which has lately appeared in the 
Century Magazine, He is also believed to be the author of 
the anonymous novel of '*The Bread Winners,** (New York, 

Col. Hay was married on the 4th of February, 1874, to 
Miss Clara Louise Stone, of Cleveland, Ohio, and at present 
has four children, two boys and two girls. He has recently 
built a handsome house in Washington, D. C, in which he 
lives, surrounded by everything which makes domestic life 

Such, in faint though not imperfect outline, is the sketch 
of a life which it would be my delight to give at greater length, 
did not the space allotted to me forbid. It remains — ^and 
which to Theta Delts is of far more importance — ^to present 
briefly the salient points of Brother Hay*s personal and literary 

Brother Hay, during his college career, was, like his fa- 
vorite poet, Shelly, of a singularly modest and retiring dispo- 
sition; but withal of so winning a manner that no one could 
be in his presence, even for a few moments, without falling 
under the spell which his conversation and companionship in- 
variably cast upon all who came within its influence. He was, 
indeed, to his little circle of intimates, a young Dr. Johnson 
without his boorishness, or a Dr. Goldsmith without his 

^ ^ J 


Upon his first entering the University, the intellectual 
bullies of his class, mistaking these traits for weakness, were 
disposed to look down upon the newly entered collegian from 
Illinois. It was but a little while, however, when his sterling 
worth gave them pause; nor had he been long matriculated 
before Brothers Burdge and Simons, looking deeper into char- 
acter, saw in him the future development of a strong nature. 
Accordingly, they made it their study to place before Hay the 
gpreat advantages over all other societies which were to be found 
under the protecting aegis of the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity ! 
Their arguments proved so convincing, that Hay, having given 
his consent, an evening was set for his initiation. Nor was it 
a slight compliment, on Hay's part, to throw in his lot with 
us; for by this time the other Greek-letter societies had seen 
their' mistake and had made most extraordinary efforts to cap- 
ture him. But it was of no avail. Hay had pledged himself 
to us ! A victory, however, so glorious, must, forsooth, be 
celebrated with more than usual ceremony. Accordingly, 
Tufts being the nearest college — Harvard had just broken up 
all secret societies — ^was written to for a delegation to aid in 
this august initiation. Our appeal was immediately and most 
enthusiastically responded to; and Brothers Winsor B. French 
and Vernon O. Taylor came over, as did also Alexander L. 
Holley (who had already become famous), from New York, to 
grace the occasion by his presence. Burdge was the Grand 
Inquisitor; and Pond, Bate. Ledwith— since Governor of Flor- 
ida — Carman, the late McWalter B. Noyes and Reading Wood, 
Carr, Merriam, Lyman, Spooner, Manchester and myself were 
among the Familiars, The Initiation went off well, and was 
supplemented by a right royal Theta Delt supper at the "What- 
Cheer' ' ; in the course of which Pond and French made their 
happiest after-dinner speeches (**Our own Chauncey" never 
equalled them !); and Hay, now ** Brother Hay," responded in 
such a manner as to make the temperature regarding our neo- 
phyte — ^already high— rise many degrees higher ! The next 
morning imagine the horror (yes, that word exactly expressed 
it), of the members of the rival fraternities when they saw Hay 


come into chapel, escorted by Burdge and myself, wearing the 
Shield with the emblematical letters G J X emblazoned upon 
its azure field ! Notwithstanding the awful presence of Presi- 
dent Wayland and the august Professors, an universal and 
audible howl went up from the opposition, which evoked a 
corresponding cheer from our side. The triumph was com- 
plete; and Dr. Wayland, pushing his spectacles up from his 
nose onto his brow, was constrained to stand some moments 
until the commotion had subsided, before offering up his in- 
terrupted orisons. Whether he afterward enquired of the 
Faculty who that youngster was who had raised such a re- 
markable "row,'' I know not. The probability, however, is 
that his question was answered to his fullest satisfaction ! Un- 
fortunately, Dr. Wayland soon after resigning, Bro. Hay was 
deprived of his masterly teachings; but had he been under 
him, the instructor would have found that the pupil was none 
the less faithful in the performance of his scholastic duties for 
his initiation into a college secret society ! 

The result fullyjustified the judgment of Brothers Burdge 
and Simons. During his entire college life, the stand in 
scholarship taken by Brother Hay among his classmates was, 
as before hinted, of a high order. Nor did his industry (al- 
though his ability rendered that habit of less value to him 
than to others), prevent his giving friendly aid to members of 
his class not so gifted. Brother Hay was for some ten months 
my chum and bed-fellow; and often, after returning from a 
party late at night, when it was "odds with moniing which 
was which," I have found him sitting up writing out a Latin 
or a French exercise for some class-mate whose intellectnal 
furnishment was not of the highest order. 

While in college, Bro. Hay was an enthusiastic Theta 
Delt. He soon became universally beloved by the members of 
his Chapter, who elected him presiding officer in the begin- 
ning of his Senior year. He also composed several songs for 
the Fraternity, one of which closes with those lines sung with 
so much effect at every Reunion, but especially at the memor- 
orable one of 1870 : 


** And if, perchance, one sadder line 

May mingle with the strain, 

For those, the lost, whose loving voice 

We ne'er shall hear again; 

Let this rejoice the heavy heart, 

And light the dimming eye ; 

The Gates of Eden are not closed 

To Theta Delta Chi!" 

Neither was this enthusiasm laid aside with the Com- 
mencement gown. Although college halls have long ceased 
to echo his foot-steps, his memories of Theta Delta Chi are 
still green. Thus, on two occasions, while private secretary 
to the President, he was the means of rescuing members of the 
Fraternity from ignominious deaths. The first of these in- 
stances was told by Brother Gilbert in his admirable * 'Remi- 
niscences' ' in the last number of the Shield. The second was 
his well knovn agency in the case of another Confederate 
brother, who, by a misunderstanding, was supposed to have 
broken his parole. He was taken, among others of Morgan's 
guerillas, and would have been executed, had not the findings 
of the court-martial, forwarded to President Lincoln for his 
approval, passed through Hay's hands. Seeing who it was 
that was in such a predicament, he at once went to the Presi- 
dent and obtained the brother's pardon. Hay's attachment to 
the Fraternity is further illustrated by the fact of his securing, 
while Assistant Secretary of State, the appointment of Rev. 
McWalter B. Noyes to a consulship at Venice. Moreover, in 
Hay's case, coelum non ayiimum, mutant, qui tracts mare air- 
runt. While he was Secretary of Legation at Madrid, amid the 
cares of office and beset by the many divertisements incident 
to the gaieties of that brilliant capital, he found time to write 
me the following cordial letter in response to my invitation to 
send over a poem to be read at the great Convention Dinner of 
1870, at the Astor House, New York city :* 

* I cannot let this opportunity pass without taking advantage of it to say, that 
for all the arrangements— made months beforehand — of this dinner; and for all the 
eclat which it obtained— so much so. that it is, and ever will be, considered the great 
Convention dinner— the Fraternities are indebted jo/d/y and unresertfedly to the hercu- 
lean efforts of Brother P. C. Gilbert, the second presiding oflficcr of the Grand Lodge. 
This tribute is but a poor one to that remarkable Theta Delt, whose marvellous ex- 
ecutive ability on this occasion shone so conspicuously. 

i •/ 1. 

|96 thb shibi^d. 

" Lbgation of the Unitbd States of America, \ 

Madrid, Jan. 31, 1870. / 

My Dear Old Boy : 

* * * I am sorry about the poem. I am sure you would laugh if 

you knew how often I have tried, without making a rh3rme. I have 

treated the Muse so shabbily that she stopped visiting me years ago, and 

I never expect to meet her again, t 

I wish your reunion abundant and merited success. Tell the boys I 

shall be with them in spirit 

Yours fraternally and affectionately, 

John Hay." 

Brother Hay has, likewise, shown his loyalty to yf A' on 
other occasions. While editor-in-chief of the New York Trih- 
unty Theta Delts, rudely jostled in life's struggle, found in 
him a steadfast friend. He not only, when it was possible, 
gave them employment, but if this were not practicable on 
account of unfitness, he by his purse, aided them until 
they found some situation better suited to their abilities. 

Brother Hay, though generally reticent to the outside 
world, is always glad to receive a call from a Theta Delt. In- 
deed, it was only since I began the writing of this article 
(which I do con amore), that an instance in point and of a 
comparatively late date, came under my observation. A gen- 
tleman called upon him and sent up his card. He has ver>' 
little spare time; and he had accordingly said to the servant, 
"I cannot see him," when chancing to glance at the card and 
observing the mystical letters appended to the end of the visit- 
or's name, he recalled the servant and said, ** Show the gentle- 
man in.'' The visitor afterward told me that in all his life he 
had never had such a delightful call. I am aware that it 
has been said that Hay was not easy of access to the members 
of the Fraternity; but, believe me, when they say this, they 
either tell an untruth or have rudely presumed upon his privacy. 
Brother Hay is nol a well man; and often he is forced to deny 
himself to his most intimate friends; but I reiterate, that any 
Theta Delt, who calls under proper circumstances, is, if Hay 
is well, always cordially received. 

t Hay, however, afterward woed the Spirit of Poesy with more success, as wit- 
ness his "Pike County Ballads," published in 1871! 

JOHN HAY. >97 

It remains only to speak of Col. Hay's literary labors. 
Addison and Irving are justly considered the sweetest and best 
writers of English prose. But, speaking for myself, I should 
add to those two the name of Hay. In his writings he is not 
only the equal of the former for purity of style (and even that 
fastidious critic, Bishop Hurd, Addison's commentator, were 
he living, would fain admit this), but in Doric simplicity, and 
beauty and felicity of expression, I consider him the superior 
of the latter. Take, for instance, his **Castilian Days,'* de- 
voted to studies of Spanish life and character. Nowhere shall 
one find this work excelled in all that goes to the making of 
English **pure and undefiled." His papers in that volume, 
especially those entitled, ** An Hour with the Painters," 'Tro- 
verbial Philosophy," **The Cradle and Grave of Cervantes," 
''Spanish I^iving and Dying," **An Evening with Ghosts," 
and ** A Field Night in the Cortes, " are models; and might 
with advantage be introduced, as a text-book, in our colleges, 
as an example of perspicuous, nervous and manly English. 
In the chapters, * 'Spanish Living and Dying" and "An Hour 
with the Painters, ' ' his trenchant criticism, like a keen Toledo 
blade, taken, perchance, from one of those old Moorish castles 
that he visited, cuts "clean through," even as Saladin's Da- 
mascus scimitar divided the silk handkerchief thrown into the 
air by Richard of England; and all the follies and licentious- 
ness of the nobility and the clergy, as well as the simplicity 
and charming characteristics of the peasantry and the middle 
classes, stand out clearly under the focussed light of his mental 
camera. The truth of the above remarks will, however, be 
better appreciated by one or two extracts from the work itself. 

When, for example, the author would show the systematic 

moral poisoning of the minds of the Spanish women by the 

priests, in the essay on ' 'Spanish Living and Dying, ' ' he says : 

* ' The piety of the Spanish women does not prevent them from seeing 

some things clearly enough with their bright eyes. One of the most 

bigoted women in Spain recently said : *I hesitate to let my child go to 

confession. The priests ask young girls such infamous questions, that 

my cheeks bum when I think of them after all these years.* I stood one 

Christmas eve in the cold midnight wind, waiting for the church doors 
to open for the night mass, the famous tnisa del gallo. On the steps be- 


side me sat a decent old woman with her two daughters. At last, she 
rose and said : *Girls, it is no use waiting any longer. The priests won't 
leave their housekeepers this cold night to save anybody's soul.' In 
these two cases, taken from the two extremes of the Catholic society, 
there was no disrespect for the church or for religion. Both these women 
believed with a blind faith. But they could not help seeing how unclean 
were the hands that dispensed the bread of life." 

Again, in "The Cradle and Grave of Cervantes,*' what a 
clear glimpse is given of Spanish politics, when, after a chance 
encounter with a Spanish Republican in the streets of Alcala, 

he soliloquizes as follows : 

" Go your ways, radical brother. You are not so courteous nor so 
learned as the rector. But this peninsula has need of men like you. 
The ages of belief have done their work for good and ill. Let us have 
some years of the spirit that denies, and asks for proofs. The power of 
the monk is broken, but the work is not yet done. The convents have 
been turned into barracks, which is no improvement. The ringing of 
spurs in the streets of Alcala is no better than the rustling of the san- 
dalled friars. If this Republican party of yours cannot do something to 
save Spain from the triple curse of ciown, crozier and sabre, then Spain 
is in doleful case. They are at least divided, and the first two have been 
sorely weakened in detail. The last should be the easiest work." 

And once more: In "An Evening with Ghosts,'' by a 
few masterly strokes, he lays bare the grossness of Spanish 
superstition at the Court of Madrid at the present day. Here 

is the passage : 

" Never, in all the darkest periods of Spanish history, was the reign 
of superstition so absolute and tyrannical as in the Alcazar of Madrid 
during the later years of Isabel of Bourbon. Her most trusted spiritual 
guides and counsellors were the Padre Claret and Sor Patrocinio de las 
Llagas — the 'Bleeding Nun.' This worthy lady used to bring the most 
astonishing stories of her nights' adventures to the breakfast table. It 
was a common occurrence for his Satanic Highness to come swooping 
down to her cell and to give her an airing, on his bat-like wings, above 
the house-tops of the capital. She had miraculous fountains continually 
open in her legs (if the word be lawful),* which bled without pain or 

* When Haj' wrote the above he probably had in his mind the following anec- 
dote : When the'yo^ng Queen of Philip IV. of Spain was on her way to Madrid to 
meet a husband, whom she had married without ever having seen him. she passed 
through a little town in Spain famous for its manufactures 01 gloves and stockinK^. 
The magistrates of the place thought they could not better express their joy on tne 
arrival of their new Queen than by presenting her with a sample of those manufac- 
tures for which their town was so celebrated. The Major Domo, who escorted the 
Princess, received the^/«?trj Very fjraciously; but when the stockings were presented, 
he flung them away with great indignation, and severely reprimanded the magis- 
trates for having been guilty of the egregious indecorum and indecency of offerrng 
such a present. " Know** said he, " that a Queen of Spain has no tegs /" 

' 1 

JOHN HAY. \299 

disease. Her priacipal duty in the Palace was to sanctify by a day's 
wearing the intimate linen destined to the use of her pious mistress and 
friend. Thus consecrated, the garments became a mystic panoply, 
which would keep away all infirmity and sin, if anything could !" 

One of the best descriptions in the book is ' * A Field Night 
in the Cortes," which is fully equal to, if, indeed, it does not 
surpass, **A Field Night in the House of Commons," written, 
some years since, for the Atlantic Monthly ^ by Professor Francis 
Wayland, a son of the late President of ** Brown." 

Upon first entering this august body, the President of the 
Council is seen seated at the head of the Ministerial Board — a 
slight, dark man, with a grave, thin whiskered face, and wear- 
ing serious black clothes. He holds in his dark gloved hands 
a little black-and-silver cane, and looks, for all the world, as 
the author says, *'like a pious and sympathizing undertaker." 
This little, insignificant '^undertaker," however, is no less a 
personage than Don Juan Prim — otherwise known as Count of 
Reus and the Marquis of Castillejos — the Minister of War and 
the Captain-General of the Armies of Spain ! 

To have the proceedings of this particular night fully un- 
derstood, it becomes necessary for the relator to tell all that is 
required to be known of contemporary public events; while, as 
to the chief actors in the debates, the writer must give such a de- 
tail of their daily habits and pursuits, and such a view of moral, 
intellectual and military peculiarities as to bring them before 
the reader as they thought, reasoned and acted. Of what stuff 
were the members made ? What were their individual idio- 
syncrasies, and the modes of their manifestation ? In answer- 
ing these questions, the difficulty lies in preserving through- 
out such a subordination of incident to character as to prevent 
the reader from losing sight of the men in the events with 
which they were connected. For this to be properly done, a 
union of the distinctive characteristics of annals, biography 
and history was required; and the failure to do this has been 
the rock upon which so many writers have been wrecked. 
Col. Hay has happily escaped this calamity; and in the picture 
which he has drawn of the brilliant array of debaters, all public 


and private incidents are successfully blended in one harmoni- 
ous whole. 

Indeed, as all these genre pen-pictures pass before us. we 
fancy ourselves, for the nonce, in very truth Spaniards. Not 
as strangers, but to the manor bom, we wander dreamily 
through Moorish Halls and Moslem Temples; we meet in 
every street the red bonnet and sandalled feet of the Catalan, 
and admire the flexible figures and graceful bearing of the 
high bom dames of Castile; we partake of the peasants* podrida 
at the noon-tide meal beneath the shade of the olives ; we be- 
come Spanish gallants, serenading with our guitar, under the 
pale moonlight, dark-eyed Senoritas; we instinctively recoil 
from the atrocious cruelty of the bedizened matadors, and wish 
that, as in old Roman days, we could, for the bulls' and the 
horses* sakes, turn our thumbs down; we fight duels wonder- 
ing why we fight them; we count our beads and invoke our 
patron saints believing it to be our duty — ^in short, we live 
Spaniards: we die Spaniards ! 

This power of reproducing past scenes vividly before a 
reader's eye, is considered one of the tests of good writing; and 
as he is accounted a fine painter upon whose canvas the spec- 
tator fancies he sees depicted a veritable natural landscape, so, 
in word-painting, the eflFect produced should be of a similar 

We part with this work with but one regret, namely : that 
the author should have made scarcely any mention of the In- 
quisition and of its baleful effects upon Spanish character. 
There is no historical scholar who is not aware that the Holy 
Ofiice kept the Spanish mind in the cold, black darkness of Me- 
diaevalism long after the glorious light of the Renaissance had 
illumined the other nations of Europe — ^that, in fact, to 
that dread Tribunal is to be attributed the rapid decay, or 
rather, the complete arrest, of Spanish civilization. Hence, 
for him, the subject is one of absorbing interest. The reason 
for this omission, we suppose, is that the theme was thought 
too hackneyed. Still, it were to be wished that a chapter, at 
least, had been devoted to it; for no topic handled by Hay 


could, by any possibility, be **hackneyed*'; and had he adopt- 
ed the same method of treatment regarding the Inquisition 
that he has followed when referring to other features of Spanish 
life, the reader would have been presented with a picture to 
hang in his mental gallery, equal in its sharp lines and rich- 
ness of coloring to those the author has drawn of a Bull-Fight, 
The Bourbon Duel, and the Spanish School of Painting. Fi- 
nally : In these sketches, which show wonderful keenness of 
observation, there is nothing savoring of * 'padding.'* Many 
of the incidents not only are entirely new, but serve to illus- 
trate, pointedly, some trait in the character of the people of 
whom they are narrated. 

Of Col. Hay's ** History of the Administration of Abra- 
ham Lincoln,*' written, in connection with his friend, Nicolay, 
and which came out in the Century Magazine^ it is yet too 
early to speak. It will eventually be published in book- form, 
with many additions and corrections — ^inseparable from a work 
first issued as a serial; and until it appears, it would be unfair 
to criticise it. But this much may be said : that it is destined 
to take its place as the life of one who was next to Washington 
— if, indeed, not his equal. It will, I think, rank among the 
first of American biographies, taking the same place in the 
public estimation as that of Chief Justice Marshall's life of the 
first President. A portion of it is written in Hay's inimitable 
style — ^perspicuous, graphic and truthful — and it must ever re- 
main a monument, not only of historical value, but of a loving 
tribute to a truly great man. 

Regarding Hay as a poet : his *' Pike County Ballads," 
depicting a peculiar phase of Western civilization, and pub- 
lished some years since, gave promise of its author eventually 
attaining a high rank in that department of letters; and to his 
friends, it has always been a source of much disappointment 
that he did not woo the Muse more zealously. Hay's faculty 
of rapid composition was simply marvellous, and would scarcely 
be believed, even by myself, had I not repeatedly witnessed it. 
I recall an instance in point. One evening, shortly before the 
close of the term which was to conclude Hay's college life, I 

|02 TH£ SHIBI«D. 

had gone to bed, but was not asleep, when Hay entered our 
room. To my remark, **Hay, we have not now long to be 
together, and I wish you would write something for me to 
keep,'' he drew toward him a sheet of paper, lying on the 
table, and without any hesitation, rapidly wrote off four stanzas 
which I consider — even now that I have come to mature age 
and judgment — one of the most charming odes I have ever 
read. It was entitled ** My Dream;*' and in the rhythm of its 
numbers and the beauty of its diction it more than equalled 
the verse of some of our more pretentious poets. • For many 
years I prized it as a most precious memento, and I should 
have sent it to the Shield long since, had not its author — 
thinking it crude — earnestly requested me to give it back. In 
this estimate I differed entirely from him; but, of course, I re- 
spected his feelings in the matter, and complied with his 

In conclusion : As a dgjat Meiid'; < a^ his chum in college » 
with all the intimacy which that wo^d iinplies; and having 
had exceptional opportunities of knpwin;g^ his life since he left 
college, I may say oflhim as Horace wrote of his friend, 
Fuscus : 

•' Integer vitje scelerisque purus 
Non eget Mauris jacul is, neque arcu.'* 

Or, as Lord Lytton has gracefully rendered it : 

" He whose life hath no flaw, pure from guile, need not borrow 

Or the bow or the darts of the Moor, O my Fuscus; 

He relies for defence on no quiver that teems with poison steept arrows.'* 



'I.* ^ 

^^'OL D r^'^T..C"4 



% • * 

* l" 

* • 


. ^ 1| 1 »■ •' 


I 1 

' 1 

t I \ 




George Arnold Mason was bom at Parsippany, Morris 
county New Jersey, February 7th, 1835, and was prepared for 
college at Williston Seminary at Easthampton, Massachusetts. 
He had a strong predilection for railroad business, and to pre- 
pare himself for' this occupation, he took a two years course of 
engineering and railway construction at the Rennsselaer Poly- 
technic Institute at Troy, N. Y. Here he was one of the 
founders and a charter member of the Delta Charge, in which 
he ever felt the deepest interest: He was afterwards a member 
of the class of 1855 at Union College, where he joined the 
Alpha Charge. Impatient to take up his chosen work, he left 
college in the fall of 1854 and went to Chicago, where his 
father, Roswell B. Mason, was then engaged in the construc- 
tion of the Illinois Central Railroad as its chief engineer. 
George was at first employed as a clerk in the Land Depart- 
ment of this railroad and quickly won the esteem and affection 
of all with whom he came in contact. His unusual ability was 
universally recognized, and his bright face and happy dispo- 
sition endeared him to every one. He rose rapidly in the rail- 
road service, and in a few months time was appointed a special 
agent to visit all of the stations upon the Illinois Central Rail- 
road, to examine the accounts of the station masters and to 
instruct them in their duties. To his father he was already 
beginning to be helpful, and he expressed the most tender 
anxiety to fit himself as soon as possible to be of assistance, 
and relieve him of some of the many responsibilites which 
pressed upon him. In this spirit George devoted himself to 
his new position, and visited other portions of the Illinois 
Central line in the performance of his duties. He left Chicago 
on the morning of March 12th, 1855, on a tour of inspection of 
the stations on the Northern Division of the railroad. He 
took the train on the old Galena Union railway for Freeport, 
Illinois, intending there to begin the work of his trip. He was 
standing on the lower step of the platform of one of the cars as 
the train neared Rockford, Illinois, when his attention was at- 


tracted by a hot journal under the car and while leaning over 
and back to look at it, his head came in contact with the casing 
of the truss of the bridge which spans the street near Rockford 
station. The blow was instantly fatal, and he fell to the 
bridge at a point about thirty feet fix^m that at which he received 
the injury. Those who reached the spot almost immediately 
after the accident, saw no signs of life in his motionless body. 
It was removed to the house of a kind citizen in Rockford who 
summoned the best surgical aid and used every exertion to re- 
store consciousness until satisfied that it was all in vain. It 
remained only to telegraph the sad news to his home, and for 
his loved ones to receive the inanimate form of him who was 
so full of life and hope, a few hours before. Suclf was the un- 
timely death of one who gave the fairest promise of usefulness 
and distinction in after years, had these been granted to him. 
The letters and memorials of many he knew at school, in col- 
lege and in business, still fondly preserved by those to whom 
he was nearest, abundantly show that in him perished a rare 
and noble youth who was an honor to the fraternity, so dear to 
him. Had his life been spared there can be no question as to 
the success he would have achieved. Let his name be entered 
on the roll of those who, although called home before life' s 
task was hardly begun, have left a memory, loved and honored, 
which will live as a picture of the glory which would have 
come to crown his life in later years. The portrait which we 
produce is taken from an ambrotype, the only picture in the 
possession of his famil}' and taken while in college. 



initas, in sahiis libertas, m omnibus eariias." 
In attempting to give a sketch of this institution, which 
was the birthplace of Theta Delta Chi, our aim shall be to 
state briefly its general points, in so far as the same can be 
done with justice, and give more attention to Fraternity 

Union College is a truly American institution. The col- 
lege received its name from the the fact that its incorporators 

were members of different religious denominations who de- 
clared for a "union," and adopted the very appropriate motto 
noted in the caption; 1795 was the date of its birth. It was 
the first college founded in the United States not strictly de- 
nominational, the second chartered in the State of New York, 
and the first chartered by the Board of Regents. The college 
buildings are situated on a beautiful plot of high ground on 
the outskirts of Schenectady, overlooking the beautiful Mo- 
hawk Valley. The grounds comprise about 150 acres. In 


front of the buildings is a 30-acre lot, which the college is re- 
serving for future use. At the rear is the college grove, 
thiougb which are beautiful drives. Captain Jack's Garden, 
with its lovely flowers and shady walks, and the shady old 
elm under which was President Nott's favorite seat. The old 
North and South College buildings remain substantially as 
they have existed for years. The old building on the canal, 
abandoned seventy-five years ago, still stands. For years it 

was used for school purposes, but has lately been condemned, 
and is now unoccupied — one of the relics that are fast passing 
away. In the seventies several buildings were erected. A 
gymnasium in the rear of South College was completed in 
1874 — then the largest and best equipped gymnasium in the 
country. The Alumni or Memorial Hall was finished in 1876. 
It stands between the North and South Colonades, in front, a 
coUossal structure, which apparently is more of an oroa- 
ment than anything else. The President's residence was built 


in 1877. It stands between the "old blue gate" and South 
College. The last building erected is the Powers Memorial 
Hall, located between the North and South College buildings, 
back about half way to the grove. In this building is tbe 
Washburn library. A graduate of Union, who is a missionary 
in China, sent to the college some years ago a huge stone idol, 
which has been placed at the edge of the grove behind the 
Powers building. The hideous monstrosity is mounted on a 

stone pedestal. Each incoming class gives it a fresh coat of 
paint. The last coat is a bright green, and protruding in spots 
is the gaudy red donated by the last class. 

After the retirement of Dr. Nott from the Presideno', 
Union seemed to retrograde, and for many years the college 
lost ground. About four years ago Harrison E. Webster. 
LL. D., who had graduated at Union in '68, then a professor 
in Rochester University, was chosen as the eighth President. 
Immediately upon his advent Union took a fresh start, and 
the rapid strides she has since made prove conclusively the 
wisdom of the choice. In 1873 Union College became Union 
Univer?ity — the charter incorporating other departments in 

Albanj- — the Albany Law School, the Albany Medical College, 
the Dudley Observatory and the Albany College of Phannacy, 

The present condition of the college is most flattering. 
Within a few weeks a chair of Political Kconomy and Social 
Science has been endowed by Mr. Armstrong, of '71, in the 
sura of $75,000,- The library has 80,000 volumes. The faculty 
numbers nineteen, with more to be added during the )ear. 

There have been instituted three new courses of study, 
each extending through four years, and each leading to the 
degree of Ph. B. This doubles the number of undergraduate 

courses. The new courses comprise one of the ancient lan- 
guages, two modern languages besides English, and varying 
amounts of mathematics and the physical sciences for the iirst 
three years. The fourth year is the same as that of the old 
scientific course. The object of institutingso many newcourses 
has been to offer that variety of training called for at the pres- 
ent day, and also to obvifte the evils necessarily connected 
with a large number of elective studies. Now elective courses 
will largely take the place of elective studies. The courses 
have been very carefully graded. Each one will afford a lib- 
eral discipline, and the student will not be tempted to elect any 
study because it is easy. 

Other changes are in contemplation, which will be con- 
summated at an early day. Old Union is destined to boom, 
and will regain her position as one of the leading Universities 
of this country. 

Union College has long been known as the "Cradle of the 
Greeks." It has been the birthplaceof six of the .seven oldest 
fraternities. leaving out Phi Beta Kappa. whicE is more a 
literary honor society than a fraternity, and Chi Delta Theta, 

a Senior Yale society e.stablislied in 182 1, the firet true college 
fraternity was founded at Union College. The following record 
gives the date of birth of the .six societies r Kappa Alpha. 1825: 
Sigma Phi. 1827; Delta Phi, 1829; Psi Upsilon. 1833; Chi 
Psi. t843; Theta Delta Chi, 1847.* 

Theta Delta Chi was founded in the most prosperous era 
of the college, and her Alpha charge flourished till with the 
downfall of the college, she gradually waned and expired in 
1867. During these years students entered from Yale, Har- 
vard, Amherst and other colleges, for the purpose of obtaining 

TN ON i O'.i^Hi.,. 


I t 

7 »!U^ini. 



I • 

«'*| 'mm i ^•;^-5:<.''i ]•> Ih Nott llic NL^t^'if of Collect i'm  .. nl-. 
", «»•' \\n !r it-rniti«.*s flouri^h-Ml I 11 the- civil !ir » •>: * 
*, ^ : •. o. ,"»-,iM.L<1 111*: lo^s ot all t'r.L* v^onthcMi .i!ist<'M ji- « 
h •' • ii ^^ nunurou^.it 11:101:, t>\\'cria^o lar^'^ iiiiiiil ' ■.. 
N* •.•■!' -ir.'lriits n-liM t.-nli'»eil. This was ,1 m- .-'re ]>] ,\ 
' •.''j->, iiikI inniu ■)! tLc cl.aV'U.J"^ "1. 'i <»^it •>! \' r-. 

. tn i iT>v;.' hcoau^c tiit-rt: v 1-^ not NulLrKM.r ::'H>'1 p^;/^ • 
• •(• V'-j'* tluni up. \Va]\ tilt aci\ciitOi"Pit !<Lni \\ 
.1 «' ' e }.:rowth ol Mit coik'^c tlic f»»n.liti'/i. '>** ili" fr.»^ : 
^ 1 :MatciiiH\ iin]^ro\('.l, an.l to-day t>U tli(- ;* *-\f c ]: i,- 
H...; 'I vlu'.t: art' prc^v«rou>. ai «1 ^nlfi-'iont .^ • «: r tcp i". 
.-! • :>U(\ iliL r'lU.-riMt'i-s m eii-Kavt^iin.*^ t(' 'v  -: -.Mi-h 
iei. . • 'ibij;t"i> Tl'e 1« 'lowing '^^ a li>t of • .*• :iii»\' 
it I. •• in Tnion I <»llr.^ at thi^ v. r-lini; • 

t a • I'lia 


1 ir 

p!- •»Llt-' I'hi I . 

.Ill .'^ilffn 'H)n--(.c-\'t IS 

. 1 '/'i- \ 1 I'i Th 

'j.-ll:. YlU*» 1 6 

' ^ -. 'I- i< l»i«'''lin-4 llic fii'-t L]ia])t''r linn-e ,'1 rnioi.. 

;^ .• r'' »riti' " haw k. -^^-n lo tlu-iri a Ix-antitVl [)l<.)t in 
'")!!. "-ly-nim yt-ars, aivl ihcy w^l soon a vcn 
I'S 'um- ••le-ctv'l. S^;4tMa Phi l^'^- laltily had a lK<]i;/^t 

' I'.'J a* S"v'.^>"*' which, u m n {M)nviMtvd int<» r»-' 
■1 'v' ou '•• ^'i M'^*-^ hou-". Chi Tsi a id T  t • 
*ht* < idv tiatrurra'-^ \\ ''.o.^c mollicr t'ha[)U'r> 
Chi i'-^i i^ :iid( a.\'t»: in.i: n(.»w to r^-t ^lahli^li h 
i'...* I Delia Chi has pi>t takv-'ii any ac'ti\^' int-a^r' 
s ^ t It --(• :us t<.o ha '• that any fratemii / --Ii )ii 
mot; . r rha]U<'r to a r/ii.iie <l<»naant. Thv *' ''«. " 
r. .vi-.t' ••/ ai Knio'i sli^uhl exhihii a Pa'i-H' 
't I : r vi. M'! Irauina.l .od mi the i\ est,d»lishPK •'* ■•* ' .■ 
) d.-., .: Ldla]•tt,^, tor ihc crt-du of tliu roll'-'L \^   
i'ii\ i. il "(.'Id Trion" as tlio inMthcrcjt "(tU-. h - . '•■ 




a diploma signed by Dr. Nott, the Nestor of College Presidents. 
All of the fraternities flourished till the civil war broke out. 
This occasioned the loss of all the Southern aristocrats who 
had been so numerous at Union, as well as a large number of her 
Northern students who enlisted. This was a severe blow to 
all the fraternities, and many of the chapters died out or were 
allowed to lapse because there was not sufficient good material 
at hand to keep them up. With the advent of President Web- 
ster and the growth of the college, the condition o^ the frater- 
nities has materially improved, and to-day all the active chap- 
ters located there are prosperous, and sufficient good material 
remains to justify the fraternities in endeavoring to re-establish 
their defunct chapters. The following is a list of fraternity 
representation in Union College at this writing : 

Kappa Alpha 7 members. 

Sigma Phi 8 

Delta Phi 9 

Psi Upsilon 14 

Alpha Delta Phi 10 

Delta Upsilon (non-secret) 15 

Beta Theta Pi 16 


t I 
( t 
( ( 
t ( 

Phi Delta Theta 6 


Psi Upsilon is building the first chapter house at Union. 
The college authorities have leased to them a beautiful plot in 
the grove for ninety-nine years, and they will soon have a very 
handsome house erected. Sigma Phi has lately had a bequest 
of land valued at $30,000, which when converted into cash 
will be expended on a chapter house. Chi Psi and Theta 
Delta Chi are the only fraternities whose mother chapters are 
now defunct. Chi Psi is endeavoring now to re-establish her 
chapter. Theta Delta Chi has not taken any active measures 
to do so as yet. It seems too' bad that any fraternity should 
allow her mother chapter to continue donnant. The fraterni- 
ties now existing at Union should exhibit a Pan-Hellenic 
spirit and extend fraternal aid in the re-establishment of the 
two defunct chapters, for the credit of the college. We all 
proudly hail *'01d Union" as the mother of * 'Greek societies." 

412 TH£ SHIELD. 

It will be a proud day for Union when she can say that all the 
fraternities which have been founded there are once again alive 
and prospering within her borders. The Shield hopes that 
the day may soon come when both Chi Psi and Theta Delta 
Chi may be able to re-establish their chapters there. In be- 
half of our own Alpha, the Shield appeals to the fraternities 
there to encourage the plan. Let harmony and good will be 
your watchword. We would extend the same courtesy we 
ask for. 


The Forty-fourth Annual Convention of Theta Delta Chi 
assembled in the Austin room, Masonic Temple, New York 
city, Nov. 19th, at 10 a. m., and was called to order by Bro. 
Carter, Secretary of the Grand Lodge. Bro. A. L. Bartlett, 
President of the Grand Lodge, was obliged to return to Cali- 
fornia before the Convention met and delegated Bro. Carter to 
act in his stead. Bro. Carter became acting President by vir- 
tue of this authority, and presided at all the sessions. 

The committee on credentials reported the following dele- 
gates, who were duly received : 

Beta — M. N. McLaren, Emory Wilson, Wm. R. Webster, Jr. 
Gamma Deuteron, W. H. Butler, M. A. Kilvert, J. Herbert 

Delta— J. C. Hallock, L. M. Cox, E. S. Brown. 
Epsilon Deuteron — Ed. Y. Ware, Harvey Sheppard, Mark S. 

Zeta— F. D. Lisle, S. A. Hopkins, C. B. Perry. 
Eta — ^J. R. Home, Jr., Frank Durgin, Julius A. Schreiber. 
Theta Deuteron — G. Benton Hawley, J. Francis White. 
Kappa — F. W. Perkins, A. W. Grose, E. J. Crandall. 
Lambda— C. B. Tewksbury, John H. Fuller, M. C. Weber. 

Mu Deuteron— Rdbert S. Wood^orth, Walker. 

Nu Deuteron — ^John S. Heilig, H. A. Gillis. 

Xi— E. J. Hills, E. W. Jewell. 

Omicron Deutemn —Edward R. Tewksbury, F. L. Hayes. 

Pi Deuteron — F. R.Trafford, W.J. Collins, Gonzala de Quesada. 

Rho Deuteron — Jas. A. Murtha, Jr., Edward C. Ehlers, Edward 

J. McCrossin. 


Sigma — J. R. Heberling, F. t,. Jones, Clay W. Holmes. 
Phi— A. J. Weisley, W. L. Sanderson, F. W. Stewart. 
Psi— Duncan C. Lee, N. P. Willis, C. W. E. Chapin. 

Bro. E. C. Ehlers was made Secretary of the Convention. 
Flattering reports were received from all the charges, showing 
the fraternity to be in the most prosperous condition. The 
rulings of the Grand Lodge for the past year were approved 
without reserv^e. The report of the Shield was received and 
referred to a committee consisting of Bros. Quesada, Heilig 
and Sanderson. This committee made an exhaustive report, 
the substance of which was as follows : We find the financial 
report correct and satisfactory in every particular. We have 
compared the Shield with copies of all other firaternity publi- 
cations, which were submitted with the report, and find that 
no other journal is as voluminous or attractive in appearance, 
and we unhesitatingly pronounce the Shield to be the best 
fraternity journal now published. We feel that the editor is 
justly entitled . to the highest praise for his untiring efforts, 
which have placed our fraternity journal in the front rank. 
We find nothing to criticise in the articles or sentiments ex- 
pressed in the current volume. We would respectfully present 
for the consideration of this Convention the following resolu- 
tions and recommend their adoption : 

/Resolved, That so long as the Shield is published, each active 
member of every charge shall be required to pay into the treasury of his 
charge, between January first and April first, the sum of one dollar as his 
subscription to the Shiki^d for the current year. The treasurer shall re- 
mit from the regular charge funds to the treasurer of the Grand Lodge, 
not later than April first of each year, a sum equal to one dollar for each 
member of the charge, in the same manner as the regular /^r capita tax, 
and failure so to pay shall be regarded in the same light as failure to pay 
the per capita tax. The treasurer of the Grand Ivodge shall not apply 
the sums so received for general purposes, but* shall remit all such 
amounts to the management of the Shield as soon as received. 

Resolved, That the subscription price of the Shiei^d be fixed at the 
following sums : To all ^aduate brothers, two dollars, (|2) per year, in 
advance; to all theological and post-graduate vStudents, one dollar (;^i), 
which shall be paid direct to the Shield. 

Resolved J That the management of the Shield be required to send 
to each charge a bound copy of each current volume, for which the 
charge shall remit two dollars to the treasurer of the Grand Lodge, from 
its general fund, this amount to be turned over by the Grand Lodge to 
the management of the Shield. 

Resolved, That the treasurer of the Grand Lodge shall pay from its 


general fund to the management of the Shield, each year, during the 
month of December, the sum of thirty dollars (foo), for which sum the 
said manager shall supply thirty bound volumes of the Shield for the 
following purposes : One for each member of the Grand Lodge, one for 
the library of each college where a charge of the fraternity exists, the 
remainder to be sent to the standard American libraries, such as the Astor 
library of New York, the Mercantile library of Philadelphia, and any 
other public library which may be deemed advisable by the Grand Lodge 
and the Shield. 

These resolutions were adopted unanimously. The entire 

report was adopted and a vote of thanks tendered to the editor 

for his work. 

 The following resolution was introduced : 

Resolved ^ That it is the sense of this Convention that the Theta Delta 
Chi fraternity is not suflficiently in sympathy with the Pan-Hellenic 
movement, as set forth in the communication from Mr. W. T. Daniel 
of the Palm, to allow the Shield to deviate from its independent couzse 
of the past. 

This resolution was passed unanimously, after considerable 
debate, whereby it was developed that the views on this ques- 
tion as expressed by the editor met the hearty approval of the 

It was moved and carried that when Bro, Benton shall 
have made report to the Grand Lodge, his resignation as 
the song-book committee be considered accepted, and the fol- 
lowing committee be empowered to take up and complete the 
work : Chas. W. E. Chapin to edit, and Clay W. Holmes to 
publish the book. Much other business was transacted which 
cannot be published in the Shield. At the last session on 
Friday, the 21st, the following were elected to constitute the 
Grand Lodge for the coming year : Clay W. Holmes, Presi- 
dent; Duncan C. Lee, ¥^, Secretary, and Edward C. Ehlers, 
R", Treasurer. 

During the Convention letters of regret were read fix)m 
Hon. Daniel Lockwood, A. H. Green, Abel Beach. Rev. Lewis 
Halsey, H. G. Merriam, and others. A very characteristic 
letter from Bro. Bachman appears under Correspondence. Bro. 
Beach, in closing his letter, expressed the following sentiment : 

Shield of our Faith — though broad and weighty, seeming light, 
Rrought in tlie front of service constantly more bright; 
Hehold with light resplendent filling realms on high. 
We raise the Insignia of Theta Delta Chi. 

Extending it to the Convention with his most hearty and de- 


voted good wishes. Bro. O. S. Davis, of the Catalogue Com- 
mittee, was not present at the Convention. No report appear- 
ing, a telegram was sent to him requesting report at earliest 
possible moment. It was received during the last session. 
The order was not reached till so near the time of adjournment 
that opportunity for discussion was not afforded. The report 
did not show any material progress, and the publication of the 
Catalogue seems to be just as far distant as it was a year ago. 
The same committee was continued. During the various 
sessions, among the many prominent graduate Brothers who 
visited the Convention and addressed it by invitation of the 
chair, Franklin Burdge and President Geo. W. Smith of Trinity 
College were the ones who received the overwheming greetings. 
None the less hearty was the greeting extended to others, only 
not so prolonged. Jacob Spahn's jovial smile illumined the 
hall for a few minutes during the last session. Vernon O. 
Taylor, the old war horse of the Kappa, was present a short 
time on the first day. Many others were there whose names 
the editor failed to get. The proceedings were harmonious 
throughout. Not a single wrangle or harsh word was heard. 
The painstaking effort of Bro. Frederic Carter, as presiding 
officer, to have everything well understood, merits the warmest 
encomiums. The last act of the Convention before adjourn- 
ment was to pass a resolution thanking Bro. Carter for his uni- 
form courtesy and the labor so successfully accomplished; also 
thanking the other officers for their efforts. All of which made 
the Forty -fourth Convention one of the pleasantest on record. 


A fitting termination to the harmonious Convention was 
the banquet which took place at the Brunswick, on Friday 
evening, Nov. 21. The early evening was spent in social 
chat. At nine o'clock the procession formed and marched 
into the spacious banquet hall, headed by the officers of the 
evening and the distinguished guests. After grace' had been 
said by Venerable Archdeacon C. B. Perry, the brothers took 

4l6 THE SHII(I,D. 

their seats and uncovered their plates. The menu was well 
served and the yiands received due justice. After the last of 
the numerous courses had been served, President Holmes called 
the jolly band to order, and opened the literary program by 
introducing the orator of the evening, Bro. Col. Wm. L. Stone, 
of Zeta, *57, who delivered a valuable and much appreciated 
oration on ** The Memories of Theta Delta Chi.** He was 
listened to with rapt attention, and at its conclusion hearty 
and prolonged cheers signified the delight with which it had 
been received. Thus did Bro. Stone add another to the bril- 
liant necklace of good deeds done for the fraternity. Called 
upon at the last moment to fill a vacancy, with no time to pre- 
pare an extended oration, the editor of the Shield appealed 
to him to give a resume of a former oration with the changes 
which had taken plac since its preparation in 1884. This Bro. 
Stone consented to do, and the brothers will find upon reading 
it that it is one of the most interesting and valuable documents 
in the fraternity records. Bro. Stone has never failed to do 
his full duty when called upon by the fraternity. 

Next followed a very original poem delivered by its author 
Bro. C. H. Patterson; Kappa, '87, with an oratorical eloquence 
which gave much expression to the poem, but is lost to the 
reader of the lines as they appear in the Shield. 

Following this Bro. A. L. Coville, Beta, *86, read a biog- 
raphical memorial of our lamented brother Dr. Edward L. 
Plunkett, Phi, '75. At its conclusion the toastmaster of the 
evening, Bro. Calbraith B. Perry, Zeta, *66, ex-president of 
the G. L., was introduced and in a felicitous manner peculiar 
to himself, opened the post- prandial eloquence. Although the 
worthy brother had been called upon scarcely an hour before 
the opening of the banquet, to fill the usually dreaded position, 
the happy manner in which he introduced the sentiments 
proved him a masterly success. The Shield regrets inability 
to give the brilliant remarks, but could it do so they would 
lack the peculiarly graceful expression which added so much 
to their effect on the occasion. 

The following is the list : 


The Theta Delta Chi— Franklin Burdge. 

The Alpha — Jas. Cruikshank. 

The Grand Lodge— Clay W. Holmes. 

The Land of the Sitting Sun and the Course of the Fra- 
ternity Toward it — Geo. B. Markle. 

The outgoing Grand Lodge — Jas. C. Hallock. 

Retrospective — Frederic Carter. 

The New York Club House — Gonzala de Quesada. 

Fraternal Friendship as the Comer Stone of our Fra- 
ternity — F. Goodwin. 

The Ladies and the Nursery of Theta Delta Chi— Carl A. 

The Charges of our Fraternity — Duncan C. Lee. 

The Prosperity of the Fraternity — Edward C. Ehlers. 

The Family Name— E. W. Bartlett. 

The -Graduates— H. A. Gillis. 

The Gamma Deuteron — J. H. Winans. 

The Infant Charge— H. H. Ensworth. 

Athletics — Jas. A. Murtha, Jr. 

The Omega — Standing and in silence. 

During the evening songs were interspersed, and several 
telegrams and letters were read. Telegrams of regret from 
Henry I. Beers and H. G. Merriman. Telegram of best 
wishes from The Delta. Letters of regret from I. P. Pardee, 
Stanhope, and Hon. Daniel N. Lockwood, Buffalo. 

Bro. W. S. Kimball's remembrance, as usual, graced each 
plate. What would be a Theta Delt Banquet without the 
familiar Cigarrettes. They are ever present to remind us that 
although Bro. Kimball cannot always be with us, he never 
forgets to pay his respects, and show his ardent love for the 
fraternity. The Shield can assure the faithful brother that at 
every banquet the editor has attended, they have been received 
with due appreciation and much enthusiasm. A jealous rival, 
however, now appears in the field and claims that honors be 
divided, — as there is room for all, however, the new comer was 
hailed with delight. The box of raisins referred to in Bro. 
Bachman's letter under head of correspondence, was on the 
board, and as the boys attacked the beautiful clusters, the 
following characteristic letter found in the box was read by 
President Holmes. 




Near Fresno, Caufornia, 

October 27th, 1890. 

To the brethren in B A X at Banquet assembled: 

These with the best wishes of my heart. They come from my own 
vineyard, and, like Billy Kimball's cigarrettes, are *' straight goods," 
and with them this benediction : *' God be with you for I can't! ! " 
falls upon your unregenerate heads. 

Say to the boys that there are more where these came from, so call 
personally and get them. One G J X went through Fresno and did not 
call on me. I refer to Prof. A. S. Coats, of Rochester University, and I 
desire by way of warning to mildly suggest that if any G ^ X repeats it, 
I'll not leave enough of him to grease a gimlet. '* Verba sat.'* 

With unwavering affection for G J X^ believe me with you in heart 
as you toast the black, white and blue Shield. 

Nathan LaFavette Bachman, W 1872 

With a rousing cheeer , thanks were tendered to Bros. Bach- 
man and Kimball. Thus we add to onr ** menu *' Theta Delt 

The following is a list of those present : 

Col. Wm. ly. Stone, Z, '58, Orator. C. H. Patterson, A'. 
'87, Poet. A. L. Coville, B, '86, Biographer. Clay W. Holmes. 
^, '69, Duncan C. Lee, W^ '91, and Edward C. Ehlers, P^, '92, 
of The Grand Lodge. Rev. Calbraith B. Perry, Z '67, Toast 
Master. A/fiha — ^Jas. Cruikshank, '51. Bela — ^W. R. Web- 
ster, Jr.. '90; M. N. McLaren, Jr., '91 ; E. M. Wilson, '93. 
Be/ta — J. C. Hallock, '91 ; L. M. Cox, '92 ; E. S. Brown, '92. 
Epsilon Deuteron — Frederic Carter, '90 ; C. H. Gunn, '90 ; 
E. Y. Ware, '91. Zeta — Franklin Burdge, '56; S. A. Hop- 
kins, '93. Eta — E. W. Bartlett, '80. Theta Deuteron — H. 
H. Ensworth, ^91; J. F. White, '91; C. C. Whitney, '91: 

G. B. Hawley, '91 ; Geo. F. Dana, '93 ; F. J. Warren, '93. 
Lambda — W. H. Hutchinson, '82, A^u Detderon — H. A. 
Gillis, '%2>. A^/— Carl A. Harstrom, *86 ; C. W. Starbuck, 
'90; W. E. Hills, '91. O micron Deuteron — E. W. Tewksbur>'. 
'91 ; F. L. Hays, '92. Pi Deuteron — F. Goodwin, '82 ; Gon- 
zala de Quesad'a. '88 ; Gustav R. Tuska, '88 ; W. A. Mclntyre. 
'89 : F, H. Patterson. '90; F- R- Trafford, '91 ; W. T. Law- 
son, *93 : W. H. Wittlaiifer, — . Rho Deuteron — E. J. Mc- 
Crossin, '89 ; J. H. Winans, '89 ; Jas. A. Murtha, Jr., '91 ; 
Richard D. Pope, '92 ; Edward F. Hicks. '93. Sigma — J. R. 
Heberling, '91. Phi — Geo. B. Markle, '78 ; W. L. Sanderson, 
^91 ; H. J. Weisley, '91. C^z— H. D. Brookins. *8o. Ai— 
Thos. H. Lee, '83 ; N. P. Willis, 92 ; Edward L. Rice, •94. 



An Oration delivered by Wllllann L-. Stone at the Convention 
Banquet, Hotel Brunswick, Ale>vyork. Mov. 21, 1B90. 

Brothers in Theta Dewa Chi : I cannot appear here 
this evening without thanking Brothers Holmes and Carter 
for the honor done me by the invitation to be your orator upon 
this august occasion — an honor which is the more appreciated 
when I consider the large number of distinguished persons in 
our Fraternity from which you could, with much better judg- 
ment, have chosen. I am, indeed, speaking strictly within 
the limits of truth when I say that the Fraternity covers with 
her protecting aegis persons recognized as eminent in every 
walk of life. Justly proud of her record, she points, for proof 
of this statement, to the diplomatist, the journalist, the soldier, 
the statesman, the teacher, the divine, the missionary, the 
literateur, the dramatist, the physician, the manufacturer, the 
jurist— in short, no profession or department can be mentioned 
that is not graced and dignified by one of our Fraternity. Time 
would fail me to mentipn the names even of those who, in 
these regards, are, with us, household words : Hay, the former 
Private Secretary of President Lincoln, Secretary of Legation 
at Madrid, and the accomplished Assistant Secretary of State 
of the United States; Lamb, the valiant defender of Fort 
Fisher, when taken by Terry, and since Mayor of Norfolk ; 
Beverly Tucker, the great Confederate raider — the only one 
whom glorious little 'Thil" Sheridan really feared; French, 
the first man, at the battle of Fredericksburg, to mount the 
heights and retake the Washington Field Battery, captured at 
the first battle of Bull-Run; George P. Upton, editor of the 
Chicago Tribune; M11.LER, editor of the New York Times; 
BuRGiN, editor of the New York Press; Carman, editor of the 
Rural New Yorker; Cunningham, editor of the Utica Herald; 
NiCHEi^LS, editor of the Boston Weekly Globe; Cruikshank, 
formerly editor of the New York Teacher, and now Principal 
of the Brooklyn High School; Tefft, editor of the Whitehall 
Journal, and recently a member of the New York Legislature; 


Allen C. Beach, late Lieutenant-Governor and Secretary of 
State of New York; Franklin M. Drew, late Secretary of 
State of Maine; Pond, the former Speaker of the Rhode Island 
Assembly, now serving his third term as Mayor of his own 
city, and, in all probability, the next Governor of that State; 
Griggs, former Speaker of the New Jersey Legislature; Bi^ox- 
HAM, the Philanthropist, who, after the emancipation ot his 
numerous slaves, provided for them with great liberality, and 
who has been Lieutenant-Governor and Governor of Florida, 
and probably will be United States Senator from that State: 
Ledwith, in 1866, Governor of Florida; Brockmeyer, the 
Philosopher and Hermit, who was called from a cave in the 
wilds of Missouri to the chair of Lieutenant-Governor of that 
State; Dixon, at present United States Senator from Rhode 
Island; Spooner, now a member of the House of Representa- 
tives from the same State; Linnickson, a member of the 
Forty-fifth Congress; Coleman, late Attorney-General of 
North Carolina; Nicholls, Speaker of the Georgia Senate 
and member of the Forty-sixth and Forty-ninth Congresses; 
Ferine, editor of the Hartford Times; Miller, Speaker of 
the Lower House in Rhode Island; Nowlin formerly editor 
of the Richmond Whig; Hanna, of the Theia, who, in 1880, 
was delegated by the citizens of Cleveland to receive General 
Grant and Senator Conkling, and who then promised, if Gar- 
field was elected, to make every Theta Delt a postmaster; 
LocKWOOD, of the Alpha, who nominated Cleveland, success- 
ively, for Sheriff, Mayor, Governor and President, late United 
States District Attorney, and now Congressman elect, and 
who "sees him" and "goes one better" than Brother Hanna. 
as he has given me his solemn pledge that if he is elected 
Speaker, he will make ever>' Theta Delt a member of the Presi- 
dent's Cabinet; PoTTS, of the Delta, a delegate to the great 
Democratic Congress at Louisville in 1876; Thomas, once 
Speaker of the Maine House of Representatives, and at present 
Professor of Scandinavian Literature at Bo wdoin; Fay, Pro- 
fessor of Modern Languages at Tufts' College; Sterrett, 
Professor of Ethics in the Seabury Divinity School at Faribault, 
Minn. ; Tanner, late Professor of Greek in the University of 


Michigan; Burton L. Kingsbury, Regent of the State Agri- 
cultural College in Kansas; Eaton, Principal of the Harvard 
High School; Capen and Smith, Presidents, respectively, of 
Tufts* and Trinity Colleges; Stewart, who after setting all 
law at defiance by his mad pranks amid the classic shades of 
Old Union, finally turns up as the grave Dean of the St. Louis 
Law School; Healey, President of Straight University at New 
Orleans; A. Gardner Benedict, Principal of Houghton 
Seminary at Clinton, where President Cleveland's sister, Rose 
Cleveland, was educated; Huntington, formerly Professor of 
Mathematics at the University of Vermont: Rev. Brother 
Adams, of the Omicron, who, but for dates, we should say 
must have been the original of Parson Adams in Fielding's 
Joseph Afidrews; Kelso, of the Pi, the celebrated Missionary 
in India; Bunn, of the Xi, who, after winning for himself an 
enduring name as a zealous missionary in China, and after- 
wards as President of the Board of Foreign Missions, is now 
Rector of the Church of the Atonement in New York city: 
W1NGFIEI.D, Gilbert and Randolf, Bishops of the Episcopal 
Church; Perry, former President of the Grand Lodge, and at 
present Warden of the Theological Seminary at Nashville, 
Tenn.; Wiluam Smith, Paymaster- General of the Armies of 
the United States, and affectionately known in the armj', on 
the principle of lucus a 7ion luccndo, as ''Drunken Billy," be- 
cause he is a total abstainer; Vroom, Inspector-General of the 
United States, with the rank of Colonel; Vernon O. Tayi^or, 
Chief of Staff to the Governor of Rhode Island; Graves, Su- 
perintendent of Engraving and Printing under President Cleve- 
land; Martindai^e, one of our earliest members, and the 
eminent Physician of Richmond County, N. Y. ; Green, one 
of the founders of our Fraternity, the eminent lawyer of Syra- 
cuse; Beach, another of our founders, a highly respected citi- 
zen of Iowa City; Kimball, the well known manufacturer of 
Rochester, and who remembers us so kindly at every re-union; 
Paine, the able Superintandent of the Banks of New York 
State under Gov. Cleveland; McDonald, of the Delta, who, 
after successfully crossing, while at college, \h^Po7is Asiyiorum, 


has become the most noted bridge builder in the United States 
and in Europe; V1E1.E, Vice-President of the Mineral Range 
Railroad at Duluth, Minn.; RussELi. Sage, Jr., Superintend- 
ent of the Minnesota Railroad; Hon. Samuel D. Morris, the 
eminent jurist, who, to his honor be it spoken, though sur- 
rounded by the filth and corruption of corporation rings, for 
many years wore the ermine unsullied, without even a stain 
upon its dazzling whiteness; Clay W. Holmes, of the Phi, 
whose wise and judicious counsels in the past justly entitle 
him to the high honor which he has to-day received, and under 
.whose broad and catholic editorial management of the Shield 
the Fraternity has attained an eflSciency never before experi- 
enced; and last, though not least, the scholarly Burdge, to 
whose untiring energy and great and exhaustive powers of re- 
search we owe it that the tangled threads of the history of the 
6> J X Fraternity have been gathered up and woven into a 
complete and elegant fabric; and who, on this account, as well 
as for his sterling personal virtues, should ever be held by our 
Society in grateful and aflfectionate remembrance. Nor must 
I fail to allude to others, who are not less distinguished for 
their social qualities, which, in the hearts of the "brothers, 
make them reign supreme. Am I not anticipated in the minds 
of you all when I mention the genial Markle, the studious 
Halsey, the generous Bartlett and Bachmann, the elegant 
Mann, the gallant Riley, the humorous Pardee, the jolly 
Frank Stewart, the comical Hetherington, the earnest 
Kniesley, the enthusiastic Carter, the witty Edsall, the 
polished D. C. Lee. the accomplished Hallock, the sterling 
Mapes, the merry Marvin, the poetical Walklky, the Olym- 
pian Spahn, the irrepressible Goodwin, the sedate Merriam 
and Lyman, the indefatigable F. ly. Jones, the chivalric Kil- 
born Jones, the whole-souled Juvenal and Lott — not to 
speak of the hosts of those famed for their kindly and manly 

And here, brothers, fain would I pause and speak of none 
but the living. But we are here to-night not only to enjoy the 
present, but to recall the clustering memories of the past ; and 
I should, therefore, be derelict to your feelings, as well as my 


own, did I not allude to those who formerly were wont to make 
one with lis around this festive board. Brothers, this spot is 
consecrated ground ! We may here, within these very walls, 
figuratively at leasts tread upon the ashes of kings. Kings, in- 
deed, who reveled not in voluptuousness, nor wasted their time 
amid the delights of the harem, nor degraded their manhood 
by plying the distaff, like Sardanapalus. Nor were they yet 
of those who sought immortality by rearing cities and palaces 
and solemn temples, like those of Thebes and Babylon and 
Tyre. They affected not the graves of giants, nor yet sought 
to mark the age of their glory by the stupendous pyramid or 
the costly mausoleum. But nevertheless, our departed brethren 
were kings in all that constituted true nobility of heart and 
purpose — kings in the largeness of their souls, in their freedom 
from everything petty or mean^n all things, in short, that are 
the attributes of kingship, save the royal title itself. It is to 
the example of this kingly race that we, to-night, are, in a 
great measure, indebted for the priceless boon of this re-union. 
Help me, then, to lift with reverent hands, the vail that has 
hidden from the gaze of many here present, the memory of our 
illustrious dead. 

Tread lightly as we approach the bedside of him who, some 
years since, left this city to go to his home in the northern portion 
of this State, never to return. Buoyed up with the delusive 
hopes of himself and his friends, George Dimond Kellogg 
ciarum et venerabile ?iomcn, resigning a lucrative position under 
General Hillyer, thought that a little respite from the harrass- 
ing anxieties of a city life, among the roses and honeysuckles 
of his wife's home, would soon restore him to his accustomed 
health. At first it seemed as if he would rally, and although 
he had been confined to his bed, his symptoms, until the day 
previous to his decease, were not considered alarming. Ac- 
cordingly, on the evening of that day, his family, as they bade 
him good night, thought that his recovery was near; but, alas! 
the Death Angel was nearer! The following morning he was 
thought to be in a natural sleep. The dear one indeed slept, 
but it was a sleep soon to be eternal. The family physician, 
arriving soon after, pronounced the symptoms to be so unfav- 


orable that the household were immediately summoned ; and 
the beloved one, ministered to by loving hands, lingered on 
until noon, when the twin Angels of Death and of Sleep, 
locked together in a brotherly embrace, guided his spirit to his 
heavenly home. 

Turn we now to a far diflferent scene. The battle of Big 
Bethel is over. The roar and din of arms have ceased ; and in 
a plain farm house near the battle field lies one who, no less for 
his brilliant qualities as a poet and writer than for his enthusi- 
astic devotion to the Fraternity, should be ever held in the 
highest regard. FiTz James O'Brien is dying! Unlike the 
case of his friend Keli^ogg, loving hands minister not to him ; 
an affectionate wife wipes not off the death sweat ; the surgeon, 
however much disposed to kindly feeling, and although gi\nng 

him excellent care, has no time, in the multitude of those 


having an equal claim upon his services, to favor one to the 
exclusion of others : — and therefore the dying man, conscious 
of his condition, requests, as a last favor, to be allowed to die 
in peace. Yet in his death was shown a striking resemblance 
to that strange and weird nature for which he was so distin- 
guished in life; and, doubtless, as he gazed through the lattice 
at the pale moonlight, while his heart's blood was ebbing 
away, he thought how like was his own end to that of Alastor, 
as described by his favorite author, Shellev: 

'* His last sight 
Was the great moon, which o'er the western line 
Of the wide world her mighty horn suspended, 
With whose dun beams inwoven darkness seemed 
To mingle. Now upon the jagged hills 
It rests, and still, as the divided frame 
Of the vast meteor sunk, the Poet's blood, 
That ever beat in mystic sympathy 
With nature's ebb and flow, grew feebler «itill ; 
And when two lessening points of light alone 
Gleamed through the darkness, the alternate gasp 
Of his faint respiration scarce did stir 
The stagnate night: — till the minutest ray 
Was quenched, the pulse yet lingered in his heart- 
It paused — it fluttered. But when heaven remained 
Utterly black, the murky shades involved 
An image, silent, cold, and motionless, 
As their voiceless earth and vacant air." 

''Dulce ct decomm est pro patria mori,^' 


Nor should I be doing justice to my own individual feel- 
ings on such an occasion as the present, did I not allude to the 
death of another beloved brother — who, as one of the oldest 
and most active of our Fraternity, claims our fondest regard. 
I speak of Colonel Tench F. Tilghman. Chief-of-StafF during 
the late war to Jefferson Davis. The circumstances of his 
death, moreover, were of such a peculiar nature as connected 
with myself, that I feel justified in mentioning them this 
evening. The last convention Tii^ghman attended was the 
one held in the Astor House in this city in the spring of 1867. 
He had come on to attend it from the southern portion of 
Maryland, at no little inconvenience to himself, and his sug- 
gestions and enthusiasm on that occasion did much toward 
kindling anew the embers of zeal for the Fraternity which had 
been lately growing cold. Methinks I see him now standing 
by the supper table as he did oh that last evening of the con- 
vention, when at the request of Brothers Potts and ViEtE, 

he rose, and repeated those exquisite verses beginning — 

"I am dying, Egypt, dying; 
Ebbs the crimson life-tide fast" — 

words, alas! as will presently be seen, singularly typical of the 
circumstances of his own death! A few days after, being 
greatly interested in the publication of the catalogue (for 
which, by the way, he contributed, out of funds by no means 
ample, very largely), he called at my office for the purpose of 
giving me the names of several of the Fraternity who had died 
in the war. I was engaged at the time in writing the biog- 
raphy of a Union soldier, and in sport I read it to him. Upon 
his taking exception to one or two passages, I threw down the 
manuscript, exclaiming: * 'Never mind, my dear boy; when 
you die, I will write your obituary, too." In less than four 
days from tha.t remark, Tilghman was a corpse! That very 
afternoon he left the city and returned south, apparently in the 
flush of health. The same night, however, of his arrival home, 
he was awakened suddenl}- by a violent hemorrhge of the 
lungs; and, with the single remark to his wife — ''Darling, I 
am dying," he fell back on his pillow and expired. 

"I am dying, Eg>'pt, dying, 
Ebbs the crimson life-tide fast." 


Brother Tilghman lies buried in a quiet, sequestered spot. 
It is a sweet, wild haunt. The sunshine falls there with a 
softened radiance, and a brook near by murmurs plaintively as 
if mourning for the dead. 

Brother Tii.ghman*s character for honor and integrity was 
of the highest order — a statement which is conclusively proved 
by the fact that at the final dissolution of the Southern Con- 
federacy and the flight of Jefferson Davis, Tii^ghman was the 
oflScer selected by the Confederate government to take charge 
of the treasure and archives. That the trust was well founded 
was fully proved by subsequent events. On the morning of 
Mr. Davis*s capture, Tii^ghman waited upon him at his bed- 
side, and said: *'Mr. Davis, by this map, you may see that the 
enemy are here, such and such is the situation of the roads. If 
you come with me, you will be able to leave the country in 
safety. If you do not, you will be captured in five hours.*' 
To Mr. Davis replying, curtly, that he **knew his own busi- 
ness best," TiLGHMAN continued, "Very well, sir; I have 
been entrusted with the treasure and archives, and propose to 
secure them, even at the peril of the loss of your favor and of 
my life. I shall start at once, by the route I have marked out." 

The result is well known. In less than five hours, Mr. 
Davis was a prisoner; but the archives were safe. When 
a few weeks after, in the recesses of the forest, Tii<ghman 
learned that all was lost, he alone, and with his own hands, 
buried the treasure and archives; and unless, during the four 
days that elapsed between parting with me and his untoward 
death, he revealed the spot, the secret as to the whereabouts of 
the Confederate archives is forever buried; and as long as they 
shall be kept from the ken of man, so long shall the story be a 
monument to our Brother's unswerving fidelity. This is the 
true history of the archives of the Southern Confederacy, 
although rumors are from time to time set afloat of their being 
in the vaults of this bank and now of that. 

But our Brother is gone; and, like the short-lived splen- 
dors of the morning star, his path lost in the brightness of the 
light which shuts him from our vision! 

Alas! even since I was your convention orator, a short ten 


years ago, how many of those whom I then addressed have 
taken their seats in the silent halls of the great Omega 
Charge! Indeed, as I stand here to-night, the forms of many, 
who were as brilliant and joyous as any that now sit around 
this table rise before me. 

I see Dickinson, to whom, in a large measure, is due the 
establishment of the Beta charge at Cornell, and who now 
sleeps peacefully beneath the wild magnolia's shade; Broug- 
ham, that subtle delineator of human passion, whom, as your 
convention Poet in 1873, when he delivered his celebrated 
poem, * 'The Age of Gold," I had the pleasure of escorting 
fix)m the Green Room of Daly's Theater to our convention 
dinner; Mark Smith, who for so long held the boards of 
Drury Lane in London, with his inimitable personation of 
Autolycus; General Hii.i,yer, the stanch friend of President 
Grant in his days of adversity as well as prosperity; McCand- 
i^iSH — dear old boy! — Professor of Latin at William and Mary, 
and who, in 1872, as our convention orator, likewise mingled 
in a scene of festivity the counterpart of ours to-night; Parker 
who died while Consul to Greece, his last request being that 
the members of the Sigma should attend his funeral at the 
arrival of his body at Carlisle; Goforth, also our convention 
orator in 1871, for a time Ass't Att'y Gen'l of the United 
States, and who, when alive, was the acknowledged leader of 
the Philadelphia Criminal Bar; Schuyler of the Xi, who fell 
a victim to yellow fever at Memphis in 1878, a martyr to his 
conscientious convictions of duty; Wile, one of the founders 
of the Alpha, who far from home and anticipating an early 
death, requested that if a histor>' of our Fraternity were ever 
written, a copy should be sent to his father on the banks of the 
Hudson; Mariano San Jose Aguero, an insurgent general 
executed by the Spaniards in Cuba, and my warm friend — one 
whom I knew to be as brave as a lion and yet as tender-hearted 
and affectionate as a girl; Edgar R. Morris of the Z, who, in 
1880, was basely murdered while in the discharge of his duty 
as Judge of the Commissions' Court in Bayleo Co., Texas; 
Merriam; Minister to Siam, who, as Brother Yates of the 
Alpha lately informed me, died a patient man and a sincere 


christian; Sawyer of the Kappa y the most trusted foreign cor- 
respondent of the N, y. Herald; Wilkins, dramatist and 
dramatic critic and editorial writer of that same paper, a 
gentleman of bright wit, and amiable character; Simons, for 
many years the distinguished Ass't Att'y Gen'l of the United 
States; Holly, whose works on ordnance and engineering are 
recognized as authorities throughout the civilized world, and 
whose bust was, a few weeks since, unveiled with august cere- 
monies in one of the public parks of this city; Stetson, that 
Princely Boniface, over whose hospitable roof ^floated our 
banner — the first college Fraternity flag ever flung to the 
breeze, and who, at the great banquet held at the Astor in 
1870, gave individually, one hundred dollars to Brother 
Tilghman's widow, and made a present of all their hotel bills 
to the delegates of that memorable convention; Plunkbtt, 
'^strong, loyal and sincere," who recently died on the ver>' 
threshold of great usefulness, and who, just before his death, 
as we are told by Brothers Bradley and Coville, reached out his 
hand trembling and cold and said: *'I want some one to give 
me the grip of Theta Delta Chi,*' and then lay back in his 
bed and began singing one of the Fraternity songs **with such 
a sweetness, such a pathos that it brought fresh tears to the 
alread}' moist eyes in the room." Alas ! how many 
times have I seen him seated at table on an occasion like 
this, listening intently to my voice while looking up into mj'^ 
face with his sightless eyes ! May we not hope. Brothers, 
that he is ever listening to seraphic music and beholds, with 
clear and undimmed vision, the GREAT A. N. of the Omega 
Charge ! Henna, who was wont to sit next to Plunkett, 
"Jack" Johnson — that Prince of good fellows and 
the President of the first Grand Lodge — whose lamp went 
out in black darkness; Clark and Winslow, both 
Cleveland boys, who were wont, on occasions like the present, 
to enliven our converse with many a merry jest and brilliant 

*From the A'. Y, Evening Telegram, Feb. 19, 1870. — "The mysterious blue enrign 
of the Theta Delta Chi, which floated from the Astor House flagstaff yesterday, caused 
a group of old tars a great deal of annoyance. Thev could not tell what it meant. 
There's an eight (8), and a triangle, ana a X', said one. '1 don't know what them 
things stand for.' The tars walked away shaking their heads ponderingly and 
dubiously." s. 


repartee. But among all of these shadows hovering around us 
to-night and clearly visible to the memory's eye, not one, at 
the present moment, presents itself in so distinct an outline as 
that of Brother George Stone Benedict, also a Cleveland 
boy, and long a loved and revered member of the old Theta 
charge. Permit me, then, to recall for the benefit of some of 
the younger members of the Theta, a few of the traits of theU 
brother and mine. 

Brother Benedict graduated from Kenyon College, Gam- 
bier, Ohio, in i860; and after due preparation was admitted to 
the Bar at Cleveland the following year. In August, 1862, he 
entered the U. S Navy as assistant paymaster in the volunteer 
service, and was promoted to the position of assistant paymaster 
in the regular service. He served through the war with credit; 
and in 1865, the war being over, he left the navy, and at the 
end of the following year was admitted into the firm of Fair- 
banks, Benedict & Co., at that time publishers of the Cleveland 
Herald, and assumed charge of a branch of the business depart- 
ment of that paper. On the evening of the 6th of February, 
1 87 1, as he was returning home from New York, he was killed 
by an accident on the Hudson River Railroad. But a few 
hours previous to his death he had been in the company of 
Brothers H. M. Hanna, and the late Henry C. Winslow, the 
former of whom took charge of the loved body and brought it 
to its home. 

Brother Benedict, as before stated, was a graduated 
member of the old Theta charge, and was one of the brightest 
lights, as well as one of the largest hearted and most enthusi- 
astic members of the Fraternity. He contributed greatly 
toward the expenses of the first Theta Delta Chi catalogue, and 
was always ready with kindly counsel and material aid to 
assist the Fraternity in her various enterprises. As a compan- 
ion and friend, he was remarkably 'accommodating and agree- 
able; ever ready to oblie^e, even to the surrendering of his own 
personal opinion and wishes, and quick to acknowledge eiforts 
to please or serve him. As a business man, though sensitive 
to unkindly criticism, suggestions offered in good will he 
always accepted with even a singular readiness; and though 


his business reputation entitled him to play the censor, he was 
ever ready to praise others, even at his own expense. Though 
somewhat reserved in his intercourse with strangers, he soon, 
contracted and inspired friendship; and among his friends he 
was invariably cheerful, pleasant, and ready to promote what- 
ever tended to the general enjoyment. Perhaps, no man of his 
age ever had a larger or more attached circle of friends or made 
himself more welcome in general society. 

The Fraternity, at its annual convention in Philadelphia, 
a few weeks after his death, took appropriate action upon the 
sad event, and, in bearing witness to the many beautiful traits 
which distinguished its deceased Brother, placed upon his 
memory a chaplet of immortelles. Age shall not diminish the 
freshness of that wreath; time shall not wither its leaves, for 
as long as there exist members of the Theta Delta Chi Fra- 
ternity, the virtues of George Stone Benedict will be entwined 
about their hearts, even as the ivy winds around the column 
that affection has reared to his ashes. 

Could the lovely and attractive graces of person and mind 
combined in him, could the deep grief of a father* s heart, could 
the anguish of a fond wife, the flowing tears of affectionate 
sisters, have stayed the shaft of death, then had not George 

And once more, I see the Apollo-like form of my beloved 
class-mate, Brother Mc Walter B. Noyes, who died while consul 
at Venice — a position obtained for him by Brother Hay, while 
the latter was Assistant Secy, of State of the United States. 
While at "Brown," Brother Noyes and Hay were especially 
intimate — often sharing the same bed — ^and earned among their 
fellow collegians the name of the par nobile frairum. Brother 
Noyes was the most fascinating conversationalist that I have 
ever met. Many have been the times when I have lain awake 
until it was "odds with morning which was which," listening 
to the tones of his voice which fell on my ears like the chimes 
of silvery bells or the music of rippling waters. At such times, 
the scintillations of his wit, as he discussed his favorite auth- 
ors, would illumine his conversation with an indescribable 
brilliancy. It was this quality of voice, to which I have 


alluded, that contributed to his amazing popularity. While 
acting as assistant rector to Father Morrow of this city, his 
chanted "responses** in the choral service were melody itself ; 
Ad those were few who, having listened to him once, did not 
come again. 

"His walk through life was marked by every grace; 

His soul sincere, his friendship void of guile; 
Long shall Remembrance all his virtues trace, 

And Fancy picture his benignant smile !'* 

But, perhaps for the high standing which our Fraternity 
attained at the first, we are indebted, more than to all other 
men to the early and bosom friend of Kellogg and Mason — to the 
talent and eloquence of one whose memory, though he is many 
3'ears dead, is as fresh and green as the turf upon his tomb. 
Need I name the man whose genius extorted from Dr. Nott 
the confession that of all his **boys** he alone was able to cope 
with him in argument — and upon whose eloquent lips courts 
and juries and senates hung ! Need I ? — but I will not pursue 
the picture. The Shade of Fonda has already risen before 
you ! 

Brothers ! 

"There are more guests at table than 

The hosts invited! 

The illumined hall is thronged 

With quiet, inoffensive ghosts, 

As silent as the pictures on the wall !" 

And yet all these great rbsults — the formation of a power- 
ful organization, which has given rise to friendships that have 
the power to hold one as by a wizard's spell — were in their 
origin most humble. This fraternity was not ushered into the 
world with a flourish of trumpets. The Priests of Isis — those 
terrible executioners of the Orphic and Egyptian mysteries — 
presided not at its birth ; nor was it invested with some 
strange story of some mysterious tragedy, which is continually 
re-enacted to keep the interest in it alive; nor yet, was it, like 
Gnomes and Fates of Grecian mythology, born amidst the 
convulsion of the elements, in cloud and storm ! Far different. 
In a plainly-furnished back-room of Union College, one May 
evening some two score of years ago, a party of six met, and 
having quietly discussed Friendship as a pozveVy formed this 


Fraternity, the ties of which now extend throughout all coun- 
tries and climes, and the auspicious condition of which, we, 
this evening, celebrate. 

Such was the harmless origin of our Society — a Society 
that certain faculties of colleges have not hesitated to liken to 
the Carbonari, which, at the zenith of its power, had spread 
itself from climate to climate, and from sea to sea. If its un- 
happy victim fled to the rising of the sun, where the luminar}- 
of day seems to us first to ascend from the waves of the ocean, 
the power of the tyrant was still behind him. If he withdrew 
to the west, to Hesperian darkness, and the shores of barbarian 
Thule, still he was not safe from his gore-drenched foe ! Not 
so with us ! Our mission means good will; nor do we pursue 
our victim save to rescue him from the toils of some other 
College Fraternity, and thus confer on him one of the greatest 
of benefits ! 

But let it not, on this account, be supposed that its friend- 
ships are of a transitory character. On the contrary': those 
formed under its aegis are as firm and enduring as the everlast- 
ing hills. Does some caviler say that they are bounded by the 
ocean ? I would point them to those three cabalistic characters 
of our Fraternity, found by Brother Burdge, traced in smoke 
in the bowels of the Great Pyramid ! Does he say that its 
motto means nothing ! For answer, I would point him to that 
southern Brother rescued from an ignominous death by Hay, 
when he had the ear of the first officer in the land ! Does he 
say that it is not enduring ? For answer, I would again point 
him to those two Brothers, one a Union and the other a Con- 
federate soldier, found after the battle of Roanoke Island, on 
the bloody field, both cold in death, with their hands fast- 
locked in the sacred "grip" of the <9. J. X ! 

A word more regarding the future of Theia Delta Chi : 
for the effect of that meeting in Union College — in all that 
tends to successful achievement — was not like the fitful glare 
of the meteor's trail ! From the date of that meeting, higher 
and higher like the sun, and with a steady radiance, has risen 
the present grandeur of our Fraternity ! It had a bright and 
a beautiful rising, and a morning of corresponding brilliancy 


and warmth. It will fulfill its destinv. an-i cl'^cil^r* '-'^^ 
tinue its beneficent course, conferring li^bt an-i Me*>:r.^*, ?•'/ 
one may now sneeringly ask. "Where :s y-^-^r '.\\*r:'^\^Ai ' 
Nor can a rival Fraternity Tallvrand n:'>'i:'n;r'v *f:/rv.':'' 
** Where is your historj' ?" We have a Ifierit^rt a:.^ a h:>- 
tory more brilliant than an}- that shed- I-j-tr*: •:v'.t; ii'/.','y*' 
Fraternity aureals ! 

** Soldiers,** said Napoleon on the e-/e '/ or,*- of h.*. j^r'-^** 
battles, and in one of those bulletins with •»!-;:' h r,*: i*^>. %'/?*♦ 
to electrify all Europe, "Soldiers" Fr^/rr* y',r.'!*^ ;/>->,:.%;''•. 
forty centuries are gazing down up^^r. yo-^ . li:! ^/r, ♦r.-i^ '/J-i/ 
evening, from far nobler and grander hf::<:ht-. V." }/;,;?,.♦> of 
Friendship was looking down up^^n th'^t W.\>. ;^ro*;;> r;.'/ ;>::r>>j 
and shaping the friendships that were *jf <./:\z,y^ fro*.. :*' 0\,\t 
erations, so that they should endure r-ot tr,ro-,/'rj * .>. v/'/fi'l 
only, but throughout the ages ! 

',•,*'» if* f ' ■.  

Read at Ihr Forty- foarth ani:,*.- '. >r. .-• ' .-. .* 

One hundred year* ;«;/•'/ — h \ --.'Ir'/J f* .%' . 
And Liberty, bri;;ht t''/'! :♦-,;:: r ' r ♦",.  
Fired with r/ne fl;;*^^; r / /"■f."- 
The wide doma::: of I r=t:." . 
Whose ardent v^^ti-^ ;irv^- •* '!. r :,/.f./ ' '»' * r', 
Left, their protid ini'/r*- -^ * ♦//';f^//;i j, '^ if, 
And for her r^w'-t j/*-^ :»r.'' 
They playe^l a gentle ;^^:r;'' •/*:*}. it ,r,;/ ;•».'• 'j'M-' fo, 

French lo%'e in fitf'ii. S^i^^ti *i,'- *\\.\\u'r^*'\ %vv;iin'. 
Tired of the nwiden fair ntvX •4ti^\\ Ut *tt\, 

She tired of thetn ; th* y fMiml 

Her love l^x^ pure, ih*- \ffAiuf\ 
Of decency* *he lovM and b:iI1'fwed iunt^^ 
Her suitors chrr*^ the freedom that f«r haiim 

And thro* ail time %he fti'U tb#- w^/uml, 
And scorn* the land of Franre it% it w<Tr hell 


Spreading her wings — the fairest girls have wings — 
The flame-eyed maiden westward winged her way, 
Kindled our staid old sires 
With pardonable fires, 
Ignored their English brothers* fljouts and flings, 
Plucked the bright stars out of the crown of kings, 
And flung them from the tallest spires, 
Sewed to her striped petticoat, they say. 

The Goddess loved our nation; was its source, 
Yet being woman, color caught her eye; 

Plain white became a bore. 

You know the sex adore 
Variety of color and, of course. 
Grieving to see plain white withhold by force, 

Black from the band whose hearts she wore 
The maiden fled. For years we pondered why. 

Then wandered far the maid o'er sea and shore; 
At last the Isles of Greece with open arms. 

Courted the maiden's smile; 

She gave it and eacn isle 
Sprang to its post of honor, but she wore 
Her heart not on her sleeve — Alas ! no more 

They knew — worthy they proved the while. 
But, after winning, could not wear her charms. 

Again the maid spread wing across the sea, 
Where Bolivar proposed to win her love. 
His heart was brave and gay. 
His love was fond as May, 
But in the very hour of ^^ctory 
He fell and left his countrymen half free — 
Free from the Spanish king were they, 
But on their crest still wore signora's glove. 

Alas, why should a maiden ever woo 
Any but Yankees ? If she should be but fair. 
I'm positive a girl 
Needs but to flaunt a curl 
At one of us poor fellows, give one view 
Of her bright eyes and cherry lips, and true 
As oyster is mother of pearl 
We' II do our best all others to forswear. 

But this fair maiden then sought Italy — 
Land where the Romans Rome and Romeos rave. — 
Quick for her wondrous grace 

A POEM. 435 

These lover Romans race 
To cast all other shackles far and free 
Forgetting all except to love and be 

Loved by this wondrous form and face — 
The worshipped merely ybrw, to that a slave. 

Then to the Russian serf she threw a kiss ' 

\nd to our Southern negro gave — too much. 
Then in the Land of Tea 
She held a jubilee, 
And since has wasted smiles on more than this, 
Flitting now here, now there, the dainty miss; 
But oh, she grieves and weeps to see 
The nations no more thrill beneath her touch. 

Alas, are there no poor w^ithout our gates ? 
Are there no slaves of wealth within our halls ? 
Know we no further way 
To prove us manly ? — Nay, 
Dead to our Brotherhood ? It violates 
The saintliest thought our goddess inculcates ! 
Can we do nought but kneel and pray ? 
Up, break the shackles ! — Labor groans in thrall. 

Men should be bound together by golden chains; 
As when the hardy Alpine mountaineers 
Range o'er the glacier's brow 
Bound by the rope, and vow 
That all shall share the perils and the pains — 
What one may lose the strength of all regains — 
Not you on rock and I in slough — 
For in the sight of God all men are peers. 

Why, gentlemen, why is it, can you tell, 
So fair a maid is suing for a lover ? 
She tells you how to sue 
And oh, she's fair to woo, 
(Be generous and she falls beneath your spell) 
And oh, the wooing will repay you well, 
She will be wiusouie, fond and true 
And, therefore, why unwooed, I'd fain discover ? 

I hear the answer from a hundred throats; 
Fraternity and Liberty are one ! 

We are her stalwart knights 

And every heart imites ' 

In one grand psean to her gentle arts, 
In one glad strain for all her grace imparts — 


We dwell, my brothers, on the heights, 
Where we can hear with ease the great "well done !*' 

Upon the forehead of the Age to Come 
Great thoughts are clustering, as yet, unkempt: 
The things men deify 
Shall perish. Men will vie 
In love of Liberty. It is the sum 
Of human good: all other gods succumb. 
Immortal Theta Delta Chi 
Your future is more fair than e'er was dreamt. 

For all who shared the worship of the maid 
In darker days when Cruelty is king 
Shall be her chosen bards ! 
He, who her fair name guards 
From any syllable that would invade 
Her hallowed realm, bears the excelsior blade ! 
The gates of Heaven — ^they fell unbarred; 
We caught the harmony of gods and made the welkin ring. 


It seems to be an established fact that we are soon to have 
one of the finest fraternity club houses in the city. Some of 
the brothers residing in New York have taken up the matter 
earnestly and are pushing it vigorously. In order to have it 
a permanent success, however, more support is needed. A 
committee is calling upon the resident graduates in New York 
City. When they come to see you do not turn them away 
empty-handed. We need such a home in the great metropolis, 
and every brother residing in New York should have a hand 
in it. The Shield would like to give a detailed account of 
what has been done but space forbids. We must have a Club 
House or better called a Theia Deli Home in New York. We 
hope to record the completion of the preliminary work in the 
next number of the Shield. 

^«r ^rerdwates. 

Note.— This department we intend to make a special feature of The Shield, and 
to insure its completeness we desire every graduate to aid us by contributing such 
items of information — no matter how trimng they may seem — about members of the 
fraternity, the current happenings with themselves or their families, or matters 
affecting their interests, as promptly as they occur or come to their ears. We would 
like to keep au courani with and pleasantly mention every graduate member and will 
be glad to do so if our wishes are fulfilled.— Editor. 

Judge Charles F. Templeton, Dartmouth, '78, was born in Worcester, 
Vt., June 21, 1856. His early education was received at the Barre Acad- 
emy, Barre, Vt, where he graduated in 1874 with first honers in scholar- 
ship in class of seventeen. In the fall of same year he entered Dartmouth . 
While ill college he was quite prominent in athletics, taking numerous 
prizes. He was chosen to deliver the farewell address on class day at the 
old Pine. After graduating in 1878, he took up the study of law and was 
admitted to the bar at Montpelier, Vt, Dec. 6, 1880. Early in 1881, he 
took up his residence in Fargo, Dak., and practiced law there till Nov. 
1888, when he removed to Grand Forks. March 12, 1887, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General of Dakota by Governor Church. This office 
he resigned Nov. to, 1888, to become one of the Associate Justices of the 
Supreme Court of the territory, on an appointment received from Presi- 
dent Cleveland. This office he retained till the admission of North and 
South Dakota to statehood. At the first election for state officers he was 
elected Judge of the First Judicial District in North Dakota, which office 
he now holds. His election clearly proved his popularity. He was the 
only democratic candidate elected. The republican candidates were 
elected by an average majority of 2,700. Templeton's majority was 
2,500, a difference of over 5,000 votes. His term of office will expire 
Jan. I, 1893. Bro. Templeton was married Feb. 26, *8i, at Williamstown, 
Vt, to Miss Edna C. Carleton. Three daughters have blessed their 
union, the eldest of whom died Oct 13, 1889, aged seven years. 

Bro. Templeton is a loyal Theta Delt. His course has been onward 
and upward, and the Shield wishes him lifelong prosperity. 

E. Valencourt Deuell, M, D., Union, 61, graduated an M. D. at