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Full text of "Sibley's Harvard graduates"

gc M.L 

929.11 
H2601s 
v.3 
1512374 

GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBL C LIBRARY 



3 1833 00855 9244 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 

OF 

GRADUATES 

OF 

HARVARD UNIVERSITY, 

In Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

BY 

JOHN LANGDON SIBLEY, M.A., 

LIBRARIAN EMERITUS OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY, 

FELLOW OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES, 

AND 

MEMBER OF THE MASSACHUSETTS AND OTHER HISTORICAL SOCIETIES. 

VOLUME III. 
1678-1689. 




CAMBRIDGE: 
CHARLES WILLIAM SEVER, 

UNIVERSITY BOOKSTORE. 
1885. 

Reprinted with the permission of the Massachusetts Historical Society 



JOHNSON REPRINT CORPORATION JOHNSON REPRINT COMPANY LTD. 

1 1 1 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 Berkeley Square House, London, W. 1 



Reprinted from a copy in the collections of 

The New York Public Library 

Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations 



First reprinting, 1967, Johnson Reprint Corporation 
Printed in the United States of America 



PREFACE. 
1512374 



When my second volume was issued, I thought it improbable 
that my health and strength would be adequate to the completion 
of the third. It has been prepared with great and increasing 
difficulty from imperfect eyesight and from the infirmities of 
advancing years. I have passed my eightieth birthday, and 
have expended such working power as remained to me in the 
volume now given to the public. I can do no more. But 
the work will be continued by younger hands, into which will 
pass a large mass of materials, — the accumulated collections 
of more than half a century. This labor has been my pleasure ; 
and while I have rejoiced to follow out the faint and dim traces 
of the earlier Harvard biographies, I bequeath to my succes- 
sors the easier task of research in times that had more copious 
records, and have left more ample memorials. 



John Langdon Sibley. 



Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
16 March, i88q. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/sibleysharvardgr03sibl 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Preface iii 

Contents v 



CLASS OF 1678 1 

Commencement Exercises in 1681 1 

Graduates : — 

John Cotton 2 

Cotton Mather 6, 446 

Grindall Rawson 159 

Urian Oakes 169 

CLASS OF 1679 l 7° 

Commencement Exercises in 1682 170 

Graduates : — 

Jonathan Danforth 1 71 

Edward Oakes 171 

James Ailing 173 

Thomas Barnard 174 

Note from Danker and Huyter's Voyage . . . .177 

CLASS OF 1680 i 79 

Commencement Exercises in 1683 179 

Graduates : — 

Richard Martyn 179 

John Leverett x 8o 

James Oliver !o8 

William Brattle 200 

Percival Green 208 



VI CONTENTS. 

CLASS OF 1681 210 

Commencement Exercises in 1684 210 

Graduates : — 

Samuel Mitchel 211 

John Cotton . . . . . . . . . .212 

John Hastings 216 

Noadiah Russell 216 

James Pierpont 222 

John Davie 231 

Samuel Russell 236 

William Denison ......... 239 

Joseph Eliot 241 

No Graduates in 1682 241 

CLASS OF 1683 242 

Commencement Exercises in 1686 242 

Graduates : — 

Samuel Danforth 243 

John Williams 249 

William Williams 263 

CLASS OF 1684 270 

Commencement Exercises in 1687 270 

Graduates : — 

John Denison 271 

John Rogers .......... 273 

Gurdon Saltonstall .277 

Richard Wensley 286 

Samuel Myles 287 

Nehemiah Walter 294 

Joseph Webb 301 

Edward Tompson 306 

Benjamin Rolfe 3 IQ 

CLASS OF 1685 316 

Commencement Exercises in 1688 316 

Graduates : — 

Thomas Dudley 318 

Warham Mather . . . . • 319 

Nathaniel Mather 321 

Rowland Cotton 323 

Henry Gibbs 327 

Thomas Berry 334 

John Whiting 335 



CONTENTS. Vll 

Edward Mills 337, 447 

John Eliot 339 

Samuel Shepard 341 

Peter Ruck 344 

Isaac Greenwood 345 

John White 345 

Jonathan Pierpont 349 

CLASS OF 16S6 353 

Commencement Exercises in 1689 353 

Graduates : — 

Francis Wainwright ........ 354 

Benjamin Lynde 356 

Daniel Rogers 358 

George Phillips 360 

Robert Hale 362 

Charles Chauncy 364 

Nicholas Morton 366 



CLASS OF 1687 .... 
Commencement Exercises in 1690 
Graduates : — 

John Davenport 

John Clark . 

Nathaniel Rogers 

Jonathan Mitchel 

Daniel Brewer . 

Timothy Stevens 

Nathaniel Welch 

Joseph Dasset 

Henry Newman 

Josiah Dwight 

Seth Shove 



368 
368 

369 

375 
379 
383 
383 
386 
388 
389 
389 
395 
400 



No Graduates in 1688 



403 



CLASS OF 1689 

Commencement Exercises in 1692 

Graduates : — 

James Allen 

Samuel Moody 

William Payne 

Addington Davenport . 412 

John Haynes 41c 

William Partridge 416 



404 
404 

405 
406 
409 



Vlll CONTENTS. 

Richard Whittingham 417 

John Emerson 418 

John Sparhawk 421 

Benjamin Mars'ton 423 

John Eveleth 424 

Benjamin Pierpont 429 

John Hancock 429 

Thomas Swan 440 

Additions and Corrections 443 

Index 449 



HARVARD GRADUATES. 



CLASS OF 1678. 

John Cotton, Grindall Rawson, 

Cotton Mather, Urian Oakes. 



QU^STIONES 

IN PHILOSOPHIA DISCUTIENDiE 

Sub Reverendo 

CRESCENTIO MATHERO A.M. 

Apud Bostonienses V. D> M. 

In Comitiis Academicis Moderatore perquam Honorando, Collegii 

Harvardini Curatore, & Socio Vigilantissimo ; 

Cantabrlgice Nov-Anglorum : 

Per Inceptores in Artibus 

Die quinto ante Idus Sextiles MDCLXXXI. 

ClllitfA^ Interittis Mundi visibilis futu- 
fp^f|| rus sit substantialis ? 

<*&'«^$5ki Negat Respondens Johannes Cottonus. 

An Puncta Hebraica sint originis divince ? 

Affirmat Respondens Cottonus Matherus. 

An Status Animce separatee sit naturalis ? 

Affirmat Respondens Grindallus Raws onus. 



2 CLASS OF 1678. 

JOHN COTTON. 

Born 1658, died 1710, aged 51. 

Rev. John Cotton, M. A., of Hampton, New Hamp- 
shire, Fellow and Librarian, eldest son of the Reverend 
Seaborn Cotton, of Hampton, H. U. 1651, by Dorothy, 
eldest daughter of Governor Simon and Anne (Dudley) 
Bradstreet, was born 8 May, 1658. 

Cotton Mather, in the Dedication of his "Just Com- 
memorations," says that President Oakes used the fol- 
lowing language in his oration at the Commencement 
when he was graduated: '■'Primus, qui mox proditurus est, 
ut vobis Omnibus Suo cxterorumque nomine, Salutes quant Offi- 
ciosissime impertiat, Johannes Cottonus est ; Magni illius {ut 
ne quid de Reverendo Ejus Patre dicam,) JOHANNIS 
COTTON I Nepos non indignus. Memorabile Profecto No- 
men, et Pr<edulce, JOHANNES COTTONUS, quodque 
per se Satis Superque erit, hunc Juvenem Nov-Anglis facer e 
Commendatissimum. Faxit Deus ut premere possit ac implere, 
Avorum Suorum, tarn Honor atissimi Brads treetti (quern pra- 
sentem intuemur) quam Clarissimi Cottoni rov fiaKapiTov, 
Vestigia, eosque in ipso Virtutis et Honoris Cursu, non inse- 
quatur Solum, sed tandem etiam assequatur." 

August 3 1, 1679, with his classmate and cousin, Cotton 
Mather, he was admitted to the First Church in Boston, 
then under the care of Increase Mather. 

August 9, 168 1, he was unanimously chosen Fellow of 
the College. 

November 7, 1681, he "was unanimously chosen Library 
Keeper," and probably continued in the office till 1690. 

March 27, 1682, it was ordered that what was "due 
from the Revd m r Seaborn Cotton on account of det- 
rim 15 or halfe tuition for his son m r John Cotton shall 
be remitted." 



JOHN COTTON. 3 

May 24, 1682, the General Court "ordered that M r 
Sam Andrews & M r John Cotton, the two fellowes of 
Harvard Colledge, (hauing tooke much paynes & vsed 
much diligenc in carrying on the presidents worke, since 
M r Oakes death, to good sattisfaction, for their encour- 
agement, & in recompence of their service, shall haue pajd 
vnto them by the Tresurer of the country fiuety pounds 
in money." 

His father died 19 April, 1686. November 28, 1687, 
a committee of Hampton was chosen to treat with him in 
reference to settlement. He consented to preach. In 
the course of a few years he declined several invitations 
to be ordained there. During parts of the years 1690 
and 1 69 1 he was absent at Boston and vicinity, and John 
Pike, H. U. 1675, who was driven from Dover on its 
destruction by the Indians, received an invitation to be 
settled, but declined. When by Cranfleld's persecution 
Joshua Moodey, H. U. 1653, was driven from Ports- 
mouth, he preached there three months, and was invited 
to be settled; but he advised the people to recall Moodey, 
and Moodey resumed the pastorate. Another invitation 
to Hampton was extended to Cotton, and after much so- 
licitation he accepted it. When he was ordained, 19 No- 
vember, 1696, the church consisted often male and fifteen 
female members. He was one of the four settled minis- 
ters in New Hampshire at the beginning of the eighteenth 
century. During his ministry two hundred and twenty 
persons were admitted to full communion, and four hun- 
dred and eighty-seven were baptized. 

His classmate Mather says he "was a very great Stu- 
dent, and no little Scholar; and of Capacities that gave a 
Lustre. One whose Consecration was the Filling of his 
Hand, and whose Composures all Smelt of the Lamp, and 
who was most remarkably and exemplarily fearful to Offer 
unto God, or His People, that which had Cost him nothing. 



4 CLASS OF 1678. 

One of a very Catholick Spirit, and for being One with 
every one that is One with Christ; altho' certain Peculiar 
Temptations compelled him to be often as a Disputant, 
Malleus Tremulorum. One who had very much of the 
Gentleman in him ; which was more peculiarly Expressed in 
Generous Hospitalities. But, the Top of all, (For, Grande 
est Christianum esse, non, videri,) A Conscientious Chris- 
tian ; I add, a Laborious Minister, Greatly & Justly 
Beloved of his People." 

Jabez Fitch, H. U. 1694, in his manuscript History 
of New Hampshire, says, " He was a Person of great 
Learning and Integrity, of a generous Temper, much 
given to hospitality, very pleasing and profitable, face- 
tious and instructive in his Conversation ; affable, cour- 
teous and obliging in his Carriage to all, and universally 
beloved, accurate in his Sermons, and very industrious in 
his preparations for the Pulpit." The manuscript Diary 
of John Cotton, H.U. 1749, represents him as a "man 
of great piety and learning, of a catholick spirit & a most 
beautiful disposition, a hard student & perhaps of as 
universal knowledge as any that ever bare the name in 
this country. . . . He was had in honor in his own coun- 
try and continued serving God & his Generation till his 
Master translated him from earth to heaven. He died 
suddenly of apoplexy, March 27, 17 10." An obituary of 
him, from the Boston News- Letter of April 10, 17 10, 
giving a similar character, is printed in the Genealogical 
Register, ix. 164. 

John Rogers, H. U. 1684, preached his funeral sermon. 

His successor at Hampton was Nathaniel Gookin, 
H. U. 1703. 

Cotton married, 17 August, 1686, Ann, born 12 Oc- 
tober, 1663, daughter of Captain Thomas and Mary 
(Goodyear) Lake, and had John, born 5 September, 1687, 
who died 8 September, 1689; Mary, 5 November, 1689, 



JOHN COTTON. 5 

married the Reverend John Whiting, H. U. 1700, of 
Concord, Massachusetts; Dorothy, 16 July, 1693, mar- 
ried the Reverend Nathaniel Gookin, H. U. 1703, of 
Hampton; Thomas, 28 October, 1695, settled on a part 
of his great-grandfather Cotton's farm in Brookline; Anna, 
13 November, 1697, died, unmarried, at Boston, 7 August, 
1745; Simon, 21 December, 1701, died 2 January, 1710; 
Samuel, 12 October, 1703, died in infancy, as did Lydia, 
born 14 January, 1705. 

Cotton's widow became, in 171 5, second wife of In- 
crease Mather, H. U. 1656, and died at Brookline, 29 
March, 1737. 

WORKS. 

A Meet Help. | | or, | A Wedding | Sermon, | Preached at 

New-Castle in New-England, | June 19th. 1694. | At the Mar- 
riage of I Mr. John Clark, | and | Mrs. Elizabeth Woodbridge. || 
Boston, Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen. Sold by Michael 
Perry, at his Shop over against the Town house. 1699. 8vo. 
pp. 3-5 To the Reader ; 7-24 Text. 

Authorities. — T. Alden, Ac- 58; iii. 73, 74. Historical Maga- 

count of the Religious Societies in zine, xxi. 27. R. F. Lawrence, New 

Portsmouth, 13 ; and American Epi- Hampshire Churches, 68. Massa- 

taphs, ii. 134. American Quarterly chusetts Historical Society, Collec- 

Register, vi. 239. J. Belknap, His- tions, xxii. 300; xxiii. 187; xxxviii. 

tory of New Hampshire (Farmer's 656. Massachusetts Bay Records, 

ed.), 107. J. Cotton, Manuscript v. 352. C. Mather, Just Commemo- 

Diary (W. G. Brooks's copy). J. rations. The Death of Good Men 

Dow, Historical Address, 33. J. considered, ii and 34. New Eng- 

Farmer and J. B. Moore, Collec- land Historical and Genealogical 

tions, Historical and Miscellaneous, Register, i. 164, 322, 326; viii. 321; 

ii. 266; iii. 40. J. Fitch, Brief Nar- ix. 164. New Hampshire Historical 

rative, Manuscript, in the Massachu- Society, Collections, iv. 37. J. Sav- 

'setts Historical Library. Harvard age, Genealogical Dictionary, i. 464 ; 

College Corporation Records, i. 57, iii. 45. 



6 CLASS OF 1678. 

COTTON MATHER. 

Born 1662, died 1728, aged 66. 

Cotton Mather, D. D., F. R. S., son of Increase 
Mather, D. D., H. U. 1656, was born in Boston, ac- 
cording to the family Bible in the library of the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, "y e 12 day of y e 12 moneth, 
a quarter of an hour past 10, before noon, being y e fifth 
day of y e weeke 1662—3. He was baptized at y e old 
church in Boston by Mr. Wilson 15 day of y l same 
moneth." His mother was Maria, daughter of the Rev- 
erend John Cotton, of Boston, for whom he was named. 
"He made a laudable Proficiency. . . at the free School 
in Boston under the Care, first of Mr. Benja. Thompson," 
H. U. 1662, and "last under the famous Mr. Ezekiel 
Cheever." "By twelve years of Age, he had composed 
many Latin Exercises, had conversed with Tully, Ter- 
ence, Ovid and Virgil, had gone thro' his Greek Testa- 
ment, and entred upon Isocrates, Homer and his Hebrew 
Grammar; and at that Age was admitted into College" 

"After his entrance into College, he made as quick 
a Dispatch as before." When he graduated, 1 President 
Oakes, in the Commencement Oration, which it was then 
customary for the President to deliver, after speaking of 
John Cotton, said : "Alter vero Cottonus Matherus 
nuncupatur. Quantum Nomen ! Erravi, fateor, Auditores ; 
diissem etenim, quanta Nomina ! Nihil ego de Reverendo Pa- 
tre, Academic Cur at ore vigilantissimo, municipii Academici 
socio primario, dicam ; quoniam coram & in Os laudare nolim : 

1 I recollect only two alumni of took his first degree, 2 July, 1690 ; 

Harvard University who were young- and Andrew Preston Peabody, D. D., 

er when they graduated than Cotton LL. D , born 19 March, 1S11, was 

Mather. Paul Dudley, born 3 Sep- fifteen when he graduated, 31 Au- 

tember, 1675, was fourteen when he gust, 1S26. 



COTTON MATHER. 



sed si Pietatem, Eruditionem, Ingenium elegans, Judicium So- 
/idum, Prudentiam & Gravitatem Avorum Reverendissimo- 
rum Joannis Cottoni et Richardi Matheri, referat 
et representet, omne tulisse Punctum did poterit ; nee despero 
futurum, ut in hoc Juvene Cottonus atq\ Matherus tarn 
re quam Nomine coalescant et reviviscant." 

For more than seven years, beginning shortly after his 
graduation, he had pupils, whom he not only "carried 
thro' the Parts of Academic Learning," but took especial 
care to make religious. 

August 31, 1679, he, with his cousin and classmate, 
John Cotton, joined his father's church. 

As "from his Cradle" he was troubled with "Stammer- 
ings he had almost, for some Time, laid aside the tho'ts 
of being a Minister^ and had with great Application stud- 
ied Physic." But "that good old Schoolmaster Mr. 
Corlet gave him a Visit on purpose to" urge upon 
him a "dilated Deliberation in speaking; for" he said, 
" as in Singing there is no one who Stammers, so by pro- 
longing your Pronunciation you will get an Habit of speaking 
without Hesitation!' He followed this advice, and, hav- 
ing acquired "an happy Delivery" relinquished physic 
for theology. August 22, 1680, at the age of seventeen, 
"He first preached for his Grand-father at Dorchester^ the 
Sabbath after for his Father at Boston^ and the Sabbath 
succeeding was in his other Grand-father's Desk at Bos- 
ton." September 27, he was invited to assist his father 
once a fortnight, and, 23 February, 1681, the North 
Church "gave an unanimous Invitation to him, to be an 
Assistant to his Father" once every Lord's day. 

He took his second degree at Commencement in 1681, 
when he was eighteen years old. " The Thesis which 
he then maintained was, Puncta Hebraica sunt Originis Di- 
vine: But he afterwards saw cause to change his Mind, 
and held the contrary Opinion to the last." 



8 CLASS OF 1678. 

In November, 168 1, he received an invitation to the 
church in New Haven. 

In December, 1682, the North Church in Boston ex- 
pressed their great satisfaction with his services, and 
desired him to continue, with a view to being settled. 
January 8, 1682-3, he received a unanimous call to be 
pastor, and another rather impatient one, 3 August, 1684. 
He was ordained as colleague with his father, 13 May, 
1685, after having "kept many Days of Fasting and 
Prayer in order to it." Thursday. This day, "with a 
Soul inexpressibly Irradiated from on High," he writes, 
"I went into one of y e Vastest Congregations that has 
ever been seen in these parts of y e World; where I 
prayed about an Hour and a Quarter, and preached [on 
John 21. 17.] about an Hour and Three Quarters; with 
such assistance from Heaven, as Exceeded all that my 
poor faith could have Imagined. In y e Afternoon, my 
Father having prayed and preached [on Act. 13. 2.] the 
Ordination was performed with a more than Ordinary 
solemnitie producing a greater Number of moved Hearts 
and weeping Eyes, than perhaps have been at any Time 
seen together." "My Father, with Mr. Allen and Mr. 
Willard) y e other Two ministers in y e Town, Imposed 
Hands. . . . My Father gave mee my charge : (w ch I have 
Transcribed at y e Beginning of my Bible) And good old 
Mr. Eliot gave mee, y e Right Hand of Fellowship." 

"2o d 1™ [1686] w ch was one of y e Dayes of prayer kept 
by mee, in my Studv, I particularly Addressed the God 
of Heaven, That I might have a Comfortable Habitation 
provided for mee; and that y e Lord, my glorious Mas- 
ter, would afford mee, all conveniences without y e Dis- 
tresses & y e Temptations w ch poverty does expose unto." 
"I Never yett Spoke one word unto my church, about 
my Salary ; I never made any Agreement, or overture 
with them about it ; or ask'd them, To do for mee. But 



COTTON MATHER. g 

I cast that matter, upon y e Care of my glorious Lord 
Jesus Christ, in whose Work I am Employ d." 

As was generally the case with ministers, Mather early 
became interested in political subjects. The Reverend 
Samuel Mather, H. U. 1723, his biographer, says that 
at the time of the seizure of Sir Edmund Andros, in 
1689, Mather was one of the men who exerted them- 
selves to "hinder the Peoples proceeding any further 
than to reserve the Criminals for the Justice of the Eng- 
lish Parliament." "The Persecution which was intended" 
for him "was diverted; for on that very Day that he 
was to be committed to half a Tears Imprisonment^ those 
that would have wrong d him were justly taken into Cus- 
tody." " The Spirit which acted him in these Matters is 
expressed in a Sermon he preach'd to the Convention . . . 
printed under the Title of, The Way to Prosperity." With- 
out doubt he was the chief author of " The Declaration 
of the Gentlemen, Merchants, and Inhabitants of Boston, 
and the Country Adjacent. April 18. 1689," which is pub- 
lished in Nathanael Byfield's "Account of the late Revo- 
lution in New-England," and in "The Andros Tracts." 

Mather was now twenty-six years old, and the com- 
munity was beginning to be agitated by the witchcraft 
delusion. With this his name has been identified. In 
1689 he published "Memorable Providences relating to 
Witchcraft," the tendency of which was to extend and 
increase the excitement. His position as a minister, 
when ministers were the leaders of public sentiment, his 
credulity, superstition, love for the marvellous, eager- 
ness to be a leader, and a sincere desire to aid the Deity 
in defeating the projects of the Devil, gave him great 
prominence among those who were concerned in the 
tragedy of 1692. To this we may add, that belief in 
witchcraft was almost universal, and the imaginations of 
the early settlers of New England, constantly excited by 



IO CLASS OF 1678. 

fear of assaults from treacherous savages, and alive to 
all that seemed mysterious, inexplicable, and supernat- 
ural in their surroundings, tended to confirm their be- 
lief in evil spirits. The Bible, too, said, "Thou shalt 
not suffer a witch to live." Judicial decisions of the 
highest authority had clearly settled the law and the prac- 
tice. Dalton's Justice, the standard book of the time, 
had classed the common forms of supposed witchcraft 
among the felonies by statute, without benefit of clergy, 
and contained rules and observations for the "better 
discovery" of witches and wizards. Mather, thus sus- 
tained both by the law and the Bible, and urged on by 
mixed motives, entered with zeal into the controversy. 

When the judges of the court were appointed, in a 
letter of apology, dated 3 id. 3m. 1692, for not being 
able to be present, he volunteered his advice how to 
proceed, and urged upon one of them a Swedish case, 
wherein "endeavours of the Judges to discover and ex- 
tirpate the authors of that execrable witchcraft" were 
"immediately followed with a remarkable smile of God." 

After the court was organized and one person was 
tried and executed, and the jails were filled with the ac- 
cused, the Governor and Council applied to the minis- 
ters for advice. Their Return, printed by Hutchinson 
and by Upham, was written by Mather. "It acknowl- 
edges" with all thankfulness "the success" of the efforts 
"to defeat the abominable witchcrafts"; and states that 
"there is need of a very critical and exquisite caution, 
lest by too much credulity for things received only upon 
the devil's authority, there be .a door opened for a long 
train of miserable consequences, and Satan get an ad- 
vantage over us." "Nevertheless we cannot but hum- 
bly recommend, unto the Government, the speedy and 
vigorous prosecutions, of such as have rendered them- 
selves obnoxious, according to the directions given in 



COTTON MATHER. II 

the laws of God, and the wholesome statutes of the Eng- 
lish nation, for the detection of witchcrafts." 

This document by Mather and other ministers did not 
condemn the introduction of the "spectral evidence"; 
without which conviction would have been almost im- 
possible. The plausible restraining qualification which it 
contained was of no avail against a blind, bigoted zeal, 
which would exterminate, even by Jesuitical conduct, those 
who were regarded as the enemies of the Lord. The ex- 
aminations, convictions, and executions were continued. 

According to Calef, at the execution of George Bur- 
roughs, H. U. 1670, as already stated in Vol. II. p. 331, 
the sympathy with him was so great "that it seemed 
to some, that the Spectators would hinder" it. "As 
soon as he was turned off, Mr. Cotton Mather, being 
mounted upon a Horse, addressed himself unto the Peo- 
ple, partly to declare, that he was no ordained Minister, 
and partly to possess the People of his guilt; saying, 
That the Devil has often been transformed into an Angel 
of Light; and this did somewhat appease the People and 
the Executions went on." Four others were executed at 
the same time, 19 August, 1692 ; and Sewall writes under 
that date, "Mr. Mather says they all died by a righteous 
sentence." 

September 20, 1692, one month after this, Mather 
writes to Stephen Sewall, who, being clerk of the court, 
kept the records : " That I may bee y e more capable to 
assist, in lifting up a standard against y e Infernal Enemy 
I must Renew my most importunate request, that you 
would please quickly to perform, what you kindly prom- 
ised, of giving me a Narrative of y e Evidences given in 
at y e Trials of half a dozen, or if you please a dozen, of 
y e principal Witches, that have been condemned. ... I am 
willing that when you write, you should imagine mee as 
obstinate a Sadducee, and Witch-advocate as any among 



12 CLASS OF 1678. 

us : address mee as one that Believ'd Nothing Reason- 
able; and when you have so knocked mee down, in a 
spectre so unlike mee, you will enable mee, to box it 
about, among my Neighbs, till it come, I know not 
where, at last." "This letter," as Upham says, "was 
written at the height of the fury of the delusion, imme- 
diately upon a session of the court, at which all tried 
had been condemned, eight of whom suffered two days 
after its date. Any number of others were under sen- 
tence of death. The letter was a renewal of a 'most 
importunate request.' " 

The result seems to have been " The Wonders of the 
Invisible World: Being an Account of the Tryals of 
Several Witches. By Cotton Mather. Published by the 
Special Command of his Excellency the Governour." 
Stoughton expresses his "Singular Approbation" of the 
book, and in the Preface the author says, " I have in- 
deed set my self to countermine the whole PLOT of the 
Devil against New England, in every Branch of it, as far 
as one of my darkness can, comprehend such a Work of 
darkness" 

Mather's zeal when, 2.9 October, Phips said this court 
"must fall," and thus put an end to it, did not subside. 
He continued to collect materials, and so far as practi- 
cable to put them before the public. The next year he 
got up the wonderful case of Margaret Rule. Robert 
Calef, on the evening of 13 September, 1693, "drawn 
by curiosity . . . and so much the rather because it was 
reported" Mather was to be present, went to see her. 
The two Mathers and thirty or forty persons came in. 
On the sixth evening afterward, Calef visited her again. 
Cotton Mather had been there and remained half an 
hour, but was gone. Calef each night made minutes of 
what was said and done, and though his statements were 
confirmed by persons who were present, he showed them 



COTTON MATHER. I 3 

to some of Mather's particular friends for further cor- 
roboration. Mather was offended, sent him word that 
he "should be Arrested for Slander," and called him 
"one of the Worst of Lyars, making it Pulpit-news with 
the Name of Pernicious Libels &c." 

Calef wrote to him proposing a conference, when, in 
the presence of witnesses, he would read to him his 
minutes of both the interviews, — " which may be need- 
ful to prevent Groundless prejudices, and let deserved blame 
be cast where it ought!' Mather sent a long letter (which 
was read only once to Calef), and agreed to a confe- 
rence. In the mean time, on complaint of the Mathers, 
Calef "was brought before their Majesties Justice, by 
Warrant, as for Scandalous Libels against" Cotton Ma- 
ther, "was bound over to Answer at Sessions," and the 
conference was not held. 

As the time for appearance at court drew nigh, Calef, 
24 November, wrote, thinking "it not amiss to give" 
Mather a summary of his "thoughts in the great concern!' 
Mather "replyed to the Gentleman that presented" the 
letter, that he "had nothing to Prosecute against" Calef, 
and renewed his promise of a conference. Calef "waited 
at Sessions," but no one appearing against him, he was 
dismissed. 

Mather failed to meet Calef. But Calef soon finds 
the "Coals are fresh blown up," and that he is "rep- 
resented in a late Manuscript, ''More Wonders of the,' 
&c, as Traversing [Travestying] " his discourse in his 
"Faithful Discharge of" duty, etc. "And such as see not 
with the Authors Eyes, rendred Sadducees and Witlins, &c. 
and the Arguments that square not with the Sentiments 
therein contain'd Buffoonary." To vindicate himself 
from such false imputations, and Mather from sugges- 
tions said to be insinuated, Calef sends "the first Coppy 
that ever was taken," and offers to wait upon him any 



14 CLASS OF 1678. 

time which he may name within a week, "that if there 
shall appear any defects in that Narrative, they may be 
amended." "I have reason to hope for a Satisfactory 
Answer to him, who is one that reverences your Person 
and Office," etc. January 15, 1693-4, Mather replied, 
"I scarcely find any one thing in the whole Paper, 
whether respecting my Father or self, either fairly or 
truly represented." "The Narrative contains a Number 
of Mistakes and Falshoods ; which were they willful and 
design'd might justly be termed gross Lies." He speci- 
fies a few particulars in which he maintains the minutes 
are incorrect, offers the use of any books on the subject 
in his library where, or at any other more convenient 
place, he will "with all the fairness and calmness in the 
World dispute the point." He adds three certificates 
that Margaret Rule was lifted up from her bed to the 
top of the room by an invisible power. 

January 18, 1693-4, Calef writes that he finds "con- 
currence with, or denial " of, the fundamentals mentioned 
in his letter of 24 November, "waved by an Invitation 
to" his library; that "a little Writing " is preferable to 
looking over books or to a dispute; that almost the 
whole of the letter concerns the Narrative he sent to 
him, which, if " not fully exact," he maintains "was 
as near as Memory could bear away." "Leaving these 
little disputable things, / do again pray that you would 
let me have the happiness of your approbation or con- 
futation of that Letter before referred to ; ... and that 
your self may be as an useful Instrument . . . effectually 
to ruin the remainders of Heathenish and Popish Su- 
perstitions, is the earnest desire and prayer of yours to 
command." 

Calef wrote to Mather 19 February, and again 16 
April, importuning him for an answer. March 1, Calef 
writes to "Mr. B." [Brattle?] an acknowledgment that, 



COTTON MATHER. I 5 

"after more than a Years waiting for the performance 
of a reiterated promise from one under singular obliga- 
tions, and a multitude of advantages to have done it 
sooner," he has received through him four sheets, to be 
returned "in a Fortnight, and not Copied." Mather 
" has wholly declined answering to most of those things 
that I had his promise for, and what he pretends to 
speak to, after mentioning, without the needful Answer 
or Proof drops it." "'Tis more Honour to own an 
Error in time, than tenaciously after full Conviction to 
retain it." "Please to acquaint him, that I shall not 
any more receive his Papers, if I may not Copy and 
use them ; and that when he does, instead of such ab- 
struse matters, I still pray his determination in those 
things I have his promise for." 

It seems that in answer to a subsequent letter Mather 
sent to Calef a copy of Richard Baxter's "Certainty of 
the World of Spirits," to which, after some time, Calef 
replied, expressing his dissent, and treating the subject 
somewhat at large. In this letter, which closes their 
correspondence, Calef makes a pungent and severe, but 
Kind and solemn appeal ; and concludes almost in Bax- 
ter's words: "He that teaches such Doctrine, if through 
Ignorance he believes not what he saith, may be a Christian : 
But if he believes them, he is in the broad path to Heathen- 
ism, Devilism, Popery or Atheism." 

Calef addressed letters to the ministers, appealing to 
them to enlighten him about the "Mysterious Doc- 
trines" relating to the "power of the Devil"; but they 
did not give him the satisfaction he sought. Calef then 
prepared a book, embracing all the correspondence, and 
sent it to England to be printed. This was very an- 
noying to Mather, who set apart 10 June, 1698, for a 
secret fast, in recording which he calls Calef "a Sort of 
a Sadducee ... a man who makes little conscience of Ly- 



l6 CLASS OF 1678. 

ing," etc., and says he began the exercises of the day by 
first of all declaring to the Lord that he "freely For- 
gave this miserable Man," and "pray'd y e Lord also to 
Forgive him." Lie "pleaded with the Lord, That the 
Design of this man, was to Hurt" his "precious oppor- 
tunities of glorifying" his " Glorious Lord Jesus Christ," 
and he "could not but cry unto y e Lord" that these 
" opportunities" might not be damnified by him. 

Copies of the work were received in Boston early in 
November, 1700, and on the fifteenth day of the month 
he again made it the occasion of fasting and praying, 
and complaining that the books, which he had "sent over 
into England, with a Design to glorify y e Lord Jesus 
Christ," were "not publish'd, but Strangely Delayed; 
and the Books, that" were "sent over to Vilify" him- 
self "and render" him "incapable to Glorify y e Lord 
Jesus Christ, these are published." 

"4d. 10 m. Wednesday. My pious Neighbours are 
so provoked, at the Diabolical Wickedness of the man, 
who has published a volumn of Libels against my Father 
& myself, that they Sett apart whole Dayes of prayer, to 
complain unto God against him ; and This Day partic- 
ularly. Wherefore I also Sett apart this Day for prayer 
in my study (but in y e Afternoon, I went and pray'd and 
preach'd with my Neighbours;) on that occasion. ... 28 d. 
10 m. The Lord has permitted Satan to Raise an Ex- 
traordinary Storm upon my Father, and myself. All the 
Rage of Satan against y e Holy churches of y e Lord, falls 
upon us. First Calfs Book, and then Co/mans, do sett 
the people in a mighty Ferment. All the Adversaries of 
y e Churches Lay their Heads together, as if by Blasting 
of us, they hoped utterly to blow up all. . . . Wherefore 
I sett apart this Day also, for prayer w th Fasting before 
the Lord, on this occasion." 

Mather, as well as his father, rendered important as- 



COTTON MATHER. I ~] 

sistance in the preparation of a vindication "from the 
abuses of" their "calumnious and malicious adversary," 
which bore the title, "Some few Remarks upon a Scan- 
dalous Book against the Gospel Ministry of New- 
England." 

On his birthday in 1 700-1, he sent for the six friends 
(one having died) who published the Vindication, and 
they spent the day in his study, where, he writes, "we 
Fasted, and Prayed, and Sang Psalms : and we so putt 
over o r Adversary into y e Hands of o r Almighty Lord, 
with Supplications, that He would send His Angel, to 
stop that 111 man, from going on any further in his 
wicked Enterprise." These men had another meeting 
at his study about a month afterward ; and, because he 
"would beseech the Lord Thrice" another meeting there, 
11 April, spending the day "in prayers (and psalms) 
with Fasting before the Lord, That y e Lord would send 
His Angel to Stop o r Adversary in y e Course of his 
Wickedness," etc. 

The Mathers strove hard to put down Calef's book, 
and to crowd it into oblivion. Samuel Mather, Cotton 
Mather's biographer, says: "There was a certain Disbe- 
liever of Witchcraft who wrote against this Book ; but 
as the Man is dead, his Book died long before him." 
According to Eliot, Increase Mather, "then President 
of Harvard College, . . . ordered the wicked book to be 
burnt in the College yard." Cotton Mather calls Calef 
"Calf" "a Vile Tool," and prayed, fasted, and sang 
psalms to avert its effects. 

But Calef's book is one of merit. Without it, our view 
of the proceedings of the Mathers and others in connec- 
tion with the witchcraft delusion would have been very 
incomplete. The author probably had important assist- 
ance, for Belknap indorses the statement of a contem- 
porary, that "he was furnished with materials for his 

VOL. III. 1 [March 14, 1883.] 



l8 CLASS OF 1678. 

work by [the Rev.] Mr. [William] Brattle of Cambridge 
[H. U. 1680] and his brother [Thomas Brattle] of Bos- 
ton [H. U. 1676], gentlemen who were opposed to the 
Salem proceedings." 

Whatever misgivings, if any, Mather may have had 
subsequently as to the part he took, he does not appear 
to have made any record of them further than to say 
"some mistakes may have been committed"; and he has 
said much in vindication or justification of his conduct. 

"Previous to the witchcraft delusion," says Upham, 
"Cotton Mather possessed more power, and wielded 
greater influence, perhaps, than any other individual ever 
did in Massachusetts." After this, his influence began 
to decline, till at length he sometimes became the object 
of public ridicule and open insult. It cannot be said 
that this delusion was the sole cause of his becoming so 
unpopular. Other ministers, as well as he, lost political 
power by the revocation of the charter of the Colony ; 
and the advance of religious liberty was not to be stayed 
by the Cambridge Platform or the dicta of the clergy. 

While Mather was exercised with these troubles, he 
was giving his attention to another subject, which became 
quite as annoying and humiliating as his participation in 
the witchcraft persecution. He had been cherishing a 
belief, which gained strength with his advancement in 
years, that his learning and piety particularly qualified 
him for the Presidency of Harvard College. In 1707, 
on the death of Samuel Willard, H. U. 1659, he was so 
confident of receiving the appointment that he observed 
davs of fasting to supplicate divine direction. The un- 
expected election by the College Corporation of John 
Leverett, H. U. 1660, was insupportably grievous to his 
father as well as himself. They expected that the choice 
would have fallen upon one or the other of them. Be- 



COTTON MATHER. 1 9 

tween them there was no rivalry. For the disappoint- 
ment of both they were not prepared. Their indignation 
was excited against Governor Dudley, H.U. 1665, who, 
as they thought, had buoyed up their hopes until he had 
arranged measures and agents to insure their defeat. 
January 20, 1707, each of them addressed letters to 
Governor Dudley, "breathing a spirit of abuse and vir- 
ulence," says Quincy, "of which the records of party 
animosity contain but few parallels, and well deserving 
the character given of them by Dudley, in his reply, 'as 
an open breach upon all the laws of decency, honour, 
justice, and Christianity.' 'Covetousness,' 'lying,' 'hy- 
pocrisy,' 'treachery,' 'Sabbath-breaking,' 'robbery,' and 
'murder,' are charged upon the chief magistrate of the 
Province, in terms of no. dubious import. Nor was the 
bitterness of reproach and insinuation allayed by being 
made in the character, respectively assumed by each, of 
'spiritual father' and 'faithful adviser,' having 'sad fears 
concerning his soul,' and earnestly solicitous, that 'in the 
methods of piety, he would reconcile himself to Heaven, 
and secure his happiness in this world and the world to 
come.' 

"The coincidence of these letters in point of time and 
of temper left no doubt in Dudley's mind, of their ori- 
gin and motive. 'I should be stupid,' he says in reply, 
'not to distinguish between reproaches and Christian ad- 
monitions.' ' Every one can see through the pretence, 
and is able to account for the spring of these letters, and 
how they could have been prevented, without easing any 
grievances you complain of.' ' I desire that you will 
keep your station, and let fifty or sixty good ministers, 
your equals, in the Province, have a share in the gov- 
ernment of the College, and advise thereabouts as well 
as yourselves.' 

"The friends of the College, and of Dudley, did not 



20 CLASS OF 1678. 

fail to appear in" the Governor's "defence, and to ex- 
press publicly their reprobation of the conduct of the 
Mathers." The "Mathers 'preached and prayed about 
their contest with the Governor.'" Pemberton, H. U. 
1691, "resented Cotton Mather's letter," and said, "if he 
were as the Gov r he would humble him, though it cost 
him his head." Colman, H. U. 1692, preaching at the 
Boston lecture, treated the topics of "envy and revenge" 
in connection with the question, whether "the spirit was 
truly regenerated or no," in a manner to be "reckoned 
that he lashed" the Mathers and their party. 

The breach between Cotton Mather and Dudley seems 
never to have been closed by concession or explanation. 
In 1709, Mather writes in his Diary: "The other min- 
isters of the town are this day feasting with our wicked 
Governor. I have by my provoking plainness and free- 
dom, in telling this Ahab of his wickedness, procured 
myself to be left out of his invitations. I rejoiced in 
my liberty from the temptations wherewith they were 
encumbered. I set apart the day for fasting with prayer, 
and the special attention of the day was to obtain de- 
liverance and protection from my enemies. I mentioned 
their names unto the Lord, who has promised to be my 
shield. I sang agreeable psalms, and left my cause with 
the Lord." 

During Leverett's administration, Mather, though a 
member of the Board of Overseers, attended but one 
meeting, and that was to oppose Dudley's efforts to set 
aside White's election as Treasurer, and secure the office 
for his own son. 

Mather gave no hearty co-operation to the friends of 
the College. In July, 1717, he alludes to "Commence- 
ment, as they call it, as a time of much resort in Cam- 
bridge, and sorrily enough thrown away." He represents 
the College as being "in a very neglected and unhappy 



COTTON MATHER. 21 

condition, and as betrayed into vile practices," so much 
so that he "remained at home on that day in prayer, 
that it might be restored and become a nursery of piety, 
industry, and all erudition." He attempted to preju- 
dice Governor Shute against the Board of Overseers and 
in favor of Ebenezer Pierpont, H. U. 1 7 1 5, in a con- 
troversy which threatened the dissolution of the College. 
In 17 1 8, he wrote to Elihu Yale in favor of the college 
in Connecticut, and indirectly gave a thrust at Harvard. 
A few months afterwards he wrote to Governor Salton- 
stall about it, saying, "When the Servants of God meet 
at your Commencement, I make no doubt, that" they 
will deliberate on the interests of education and of re- 
ligion, "and not suffer an interview of your best men 
to evaporate such a senseless, useless, noisy impertinency 
as it used to do with us at Cambridge." 

Quincy gives reasons for thinking that Mather "at- 
tempted, a few years afterwards, to turn the bounty of 
Thomas Hollis, from Cambridge, into the New Haven 
channel"; for which he received from Hollis merited 
rebuke. 

President Leverett was found dead in his bed, 3 May, 
1724. He was buried on the 6th, and Mather was 
one of the pall-bearers. The next day he wrote in his 
Diary: "The sudden Death of that unhappy man, who 
sustained y e Place of President in o r Colledge, will open 
a Door for my doing of Singular Services to the Best 
of Interests. ... I do not know, That y e care of the col- 
ledge will be now cast upon me ; tho' I am told, it is 
what is most generally wished for. If it should, I shall 
be in abundance of Distress about it. But if it should 
not, yett I may do many things for y e Good of y e Col- 
ledge, more quietly & more hopefully than formerly." 

"June 5. The colledge is in great Hazards of Dis- 
sipation and grievous Destruction & Confusion. My 



22 CLASS OF 1678. 

Advice to some that have some Influence on y e public, 
may be seasonable." 

"July 1. This Day, being o r Insipid, Ill-contrived, 
Anniversary Solemnity, which we call The Commencement, 
I chose to spend it at home, in Supplications ; partly 
on y e behalf of y e Colledge, That it may not be foolishly 
thrown away : but that God would bestow such a Presi- 
dent upon it, as may prove a rich Blessing unto it, and 
unto all o r churches." 

Eliot states that "the voice of the people cried aloud 
for Dr. Mather, and it was declared even in the general 
court that he ought to be president"; but the Corpora- 
tion did not think so, and elected Joseph Sewall, H. U. 
1707. Thereupon Mather writes, 12 August, "I am 
now informed, that yesterday the Six Men, who call 
themselves the Corporation of the Colledge mett, and 
contrary to the Epidemical Expectation of y e Countrey, 
chose a modest Young Man, of whose Piety (and little 
else) every body gives a laudable character. I always 
foretold these Two Things of the Corporation ; First, 
That if it were possible for them to steer clear of me, 
they will do so. Secondly, That if it be possible for 
them to act Foolishly, they will do so. The perpetual 
Envy, with which my Essays to serve the kingdome of 
God are treated among them, and y e > Terror that Satan 
has of my beating up his Quarters at the Colledge, Led 
me into the former Sentiment. The marvellous Indis- 
cretion, with which y e affairs of y e Colledge are carried 
on, Led me into the Latter." 

Sewall declined, and Benjamin Colman, H. U. 1692, was 
elected; whereupon Mather writes, 22 November, "The 
Corporation of o r Miserable Colledge, do again (upon a 
Fresh Opportunity) treat me with their accustomed In- 
dignity and Malignity." He was destined to still another 
disappointment; for Colman declined, and Benjamin 



COTTON MATHER. 2$ 

Wadsworth, H. U. 1690, was elected. This election 
seems to have decided Cotton Mather to take no fur- 
ther part in the management of the College. 

Peirce says: "With all the defects and blemishes, 
which marked the character of Cotton Mather, it will 
not be denied that he was a most extraordinary man. . . . 
It is equally evident that his judgment was not equal to 
his other faculties ; that his passions, which were natu- 
rally strong and violent, were not always under proper 
regulation ; that he was weak, credulous, enthusiastic, 
and superstitious. . . . His contemporaries appear to have 
formed a very correct estimate of his abilities. They 
saw his weaknesses and eccentricities, and therefore would 
not choose him President" of the College. "They saw, 
at the same time, what posterity sees, that he was a man 
of wonderful parts, of immense learning, and of eminent 
piety and virtue." 

From early childhood Mather was surrounded with 
holy influences and imbued with the spirit of devotion. 
"When he began to speak almost he began to pray, and 
practised this Duty constantly while he was a School- 
boy." He composed forms of prayer for his school- 
mates. The reading of " fifteen Chapters a Day " in the 
Bible, "and nothing less, would suffice him." He "prayed 
at least six or seven times every Day." At the age of 
fourteen he began to keep days of fasting and prayer. 
" He tho't himself starved, unless he. fasted once a Month." 
"When concerned in any very great Affair," he "would 
also very often keep Weekly Fasts, sometimes two in a 
Week"; but upon one extraordinary occasion he "re- 
solved to spend Three Days after this manner, . . . and 
beseech THE LORD thrice, knocking at the Door of 
Heaven for three Days together." "The Character of 
the first Day was Confession, ... of the second Day was 
Resignation to the Will of God ; ... of the third Day was 



2\ CLASS OF 1678. 

Request; first for Help under and against all the Assaults 
of Temptations upon him ; and then, for the Angelical Min- 
istry to be employ'd on his Behalf and for his Help in 
those Cases, in which the Heirs of Salvation use to be 
befriended by the Ministers who do the Pleasure of the 
LORD." He "received a marvellous Harvest of the 
Three Days. The Design of them was obtained to Ad- 
miration." 

On another occasion of prayer with fasting, he writes : 
" I was scarce able to bear the Extasies of Divine Love 
into which I was raptured. They exhausted my Spirits; 
they made me faint ; they were insupportable ; I was 
forced to withdraw from them lest the Raptures should 
make me swoon away." " By a very moderate Compu- 
tation, he kept about Four hundred and fifty Fasts" in the 
course of his life, often "with Plenty of Tears," "pros- 
trate in the Dust" on the floor of his study. 

In 1702, he began the practice of keeping "Vigils . . . 
for the sake of a devout Conversation with Heaven," 
though he had "frequently in former Years conversed 
with his Saviour in the Night Watches." Often he with- 
drew from his lodging, "and in the Dead of the Night 
. . . retired unto his Study; where" he threw "himself 
on his Floor in the Dust, and wrestled with" God "in 
Prayer for a great while together. In doing this he 
was rewarded with unutterable Communications from 
Heaven." 

He considered that his life had been "wondrously 
signalized by the Ministry" of good angels. "Where- 
fore loth to be guilty of such an unthoughtful Neglect, 
of the Angels as the Generality of the Faithful who enjoy 
the Assistances of those Heavenly Guardians are," on one 
occasion he devoted a day to glorifying God for their 
ministry. "Twill be needless to relate how many Hymns 
I sang referring to the Angels." He could not "fully 



COTTON MATHER. 25 

express the Elevation of Sou/, with which he went thro' 
these noble Exercises." He examined his Diary, wrote 
out "the main Heads of Kindness done for" him, "which 
the Word of God permitted" him "to count Angelical." 
And because he " tho't it would be a little Angelical, as 
well as otherwise agreeable," he "took a List of many 
poor People in" his "Flock with some Care to have their 
Necessities relieved against the approaching Winter." 

He prescribed to himself rules to awaken religious 
thoughts, and sought improvement from common inci- 
dents. "When he mended his Fire, it was with a Medi- 
tation 'how his Heart and Life might be rectified, and how 
thro' the Emendations of Divine Grace His Love and 
Zeal might flame more agreeably." "When he washed his 
Hands, he must think of the clean Hands, as well as pure 
Heart, which belong to the Citizens of Zion." "And 
when he did so mean an Action as paring his Nails, he 
tho't how he might lay aside all Superfluity of Naughtiness." 
"He had for many Years a Morning Cough ; it every 
Morning raised proper Dispositions of Piety in him." 

" He was very constant in Ejaculatory Prayers and 
Praises" For instance, "In Singing a Psalm and Reading 
a Chapter, as he went along he would form agreeable 
Ejaculations out of every Verse." As he walked the 
streets, without their knowing it he implored blessings 
upon persons who passed him. At the sight of a tall 
man, perhaps, it was, "Lord, give that Man high Attain- 
ments in Christianity" ; of a small man, "Lord, bestow great 
Blessings upon that Man" \ of a lame man, "Lord, Help 
that Man on moral Accounts to walk uprightly ;" of a negro, 
"Lord, Wash that poor Soul;, make him white by the Wash- 
ing of thy Spirit." 

"He took a Catalogue of all the Communicants belong- 
ing to his Church ; and in his Secret Prayers he resolved 
that he would go over the Catalogue by Parcels at a Time 



26 CLASS OF 1678. 

upon his Knees and Pray for the most suitable Blessings, 
he could think of, to be bestowed upon each Person by 
Name distinctly mentioned." He also endeavored to 
procure "an exact Account of those Evil Humours, of 
which the place where" he lived was at any time under 
the "observable Dominion; and whereas those Devils 
may be cast out by Fasting and Prayer,'" he "set apart 
a Day still of secret Prayer with Fasting for each of 
them." 

He would send notice beforehand, and spend one or 
two afternoons in a week among the families of his flock, 
teaching the elderly members the duty of family prayer, of 
instructing the children and servants, etc.; praying with 
them and giving them the counsel which they seemed to 
need. He would then call for the children and servants, 
ask them questions in the Catechism, and "from the An- 
swers make as lively Applications to them, as could be, 
for engaging them to the Fear of GOD. He frequently 
got Promises from them relating to Secret Prayer, Reading 
the Scriptures & Obedience to their Parents and Masters. 
. . . Some of the lesser Folks he would order to bring 
their Bibles to him, and read unto him from thence three 
or four Verses, to which he turned them," charming them 
and at the same time charging them never to "forget 
those faithful sayings of God." Sometimes he would 
"leave some awful Questions'' with his parishioners to 
reflect upon and answer to themselves, respecting the 
manner in which they had spent their lives, or what 
would become of them if God should now call them out 
of the world. "He could seldom dispatch more than 
four or five Families in an Afternoon, and loo*k'd on 
this Work as laborious as any in all his Ministry. He 
sat a great Value upon his Pastoral Visits; he not only 
did but got Good in his Conversation with all sorts of 
Persons, and tho't he never walk'd more in the SPIRIT 



COTTON MATHER. 27 

than thus walking to his Flock to serve and seek their 
best Interest." 

"He was continually scattering Books of Piety," often 
accompanying the gift with the remark, " Remember I am 
speaking to you all the while you have this Book before you ! " 
His son and biographer writes: "It is scarce imaginable 
how many good Books he disposed of: He has given 
away above a Thousand in a year." 

As to his sermons, "when he was at a loss for a 
Text, he would make a Prayer to the Holy Spirit of 
Christ, ... as well to find a Text for him, as to handle 
it" He examined the text in the original language, and 
consulted the Commentaries while studying "a Ser- 
mon ; on every Paragraph he made a Pause, and endeav- 
our'd with Acknowledgments and Ejaculations to Heaven, 
and with Self-Examinations to feel some holy Impressions 
of the Truths in that Paragraph on his own Soul before 
he went any further. By means of this, the Seven Hours 
which he usually took to Pen a Sermon prov'd so many 
Hours of Devotion." Whether he was pursuing a course 
of sermons, or preaching an occasional one, "he would 
ever have some Design of suiting and serving the Edifi- 
cation of the Hearers," endeavoring to enforce every 
head with an appropriate passage from the Bible, and 
concluding the whole with a striking and pungent appli- 
cation of Scripture. He always tried to "fill his Hour 
well (and he did so) and croud every sermon as full of 
Matter as possible without Obscurity" "He would have 
and use Notes in Preaching; but yet would not so read 
his Notes, as in the least to take off" the Vivacity of his 
Eye, his Voice, his whole Action" 

Among his hearers were men of high standing in so- 
ciety. From the families of his parish there were at one 
time sixteen young men who were members of Harvard 
College. In 171 8, one fifth of all the communicants in 



28 CLASS OF 1678. 

his church were widows. In one year his people "con- 
tributed £62 for redeeming captives from the Indians, 
£53 for redeeming two persons from the Turks, £80 for 
relieving three young men from the same, £44 for the 
relief of poor inhabitants of the frontier Eastern towns, 
£53 on Fast-day for the poor, and £60 at Thanksgiving 
for propagation of the Gospel; in all, .£352." 

In Mather's domestic relations there was much to ad- 
mire. Between his father and himself there was a pecu- 
liarly happy intimacy and the tenderest affection. Their 
sympathies were strengthened by their experience and co- 
operation as colleagues for a long course of years. They 
appeared like brothers, yet like father and son. When 
the father was drawing towards the close of life, there was 
hardly a day in which they did not have conversation 
together about heaven. "Concerning my son Cotton 
Mather," said the father in his will, "he has been of 
great comfort to me from his childhood, having bin a 
very dutifull son, and a singular blessing to his Father's 
Family & flock." 

In the management of his children he was in advance 
of his contemporaries, who indorsed the proverb, ''Spare 
the rod and spoil the child." "He incessantly endeav- 
oured," that they should be actuated "by Principles of 
Reason and Honour." His efforts were to make them feel 
the strength of his affection, and that he "would be sure 
to do what is best ; his Word must be their Law." "The 
first Chastisement ... for any ordinary Fault, was to let the 
Child see and hear him in an Astonishment, and hardly able 
to believe that the Child could do so base a Thing; but 
believing that they would never do it again." He would 
never give "a Blow, except in case of Obstinacy, or some- 
thing that is very criminal. To be chased for a while out 
of his Presence, he would make to be look'd upon as the 
sorest Punishment in his Family." "The Slavish way 



COTTON MATHER. 20, 

of Education, carried on with Raving & Kicking & Scourging 
(in Schools as well as Families) he look'd upon as a dread- 
ful Judgment of God on the World; he tho't the Prac- 
tice abominable, and express'd a mortal Aversion to it" 
In addition to "Principles of Reason and Honour" he 
constantly inculcated what he considered the highest prin- 
ciples of Christianity, giving to them views of religion 
which were as solemn as possible ; but taking care to 
make them sensible of the goodness of God. 

The leading feature in Mather's character was his de- 
sire to do good. li JVhat Good shall I do?" writes his 
son, "was the Subject of his daily Tho'ts." "He very 
young tho't it his Duty to give unto the LORD of all, 
some part of the small substance which was afforded him. 
Even from 14 he devoted a Tenth to our Melchizedek." 
"He would often advise 2"oung Men, to contrive and 
study as early as possible to do Good. . . . While We and 
our Opportunities are but small, he would have us invent as 
many ways as we can to be serviceable ; . . . begin betimes 
with our small Stock, and expect that, before we have 
done, God will do great things for us as well as by us." 
Out or' this ruling passion grew his "Essay to do Good," 
which is filled with hints and details for almost every class 
of persons. Franklin says an imperfect copy which he 
met with when a boy gave him "such a turn of thinking, 
as to have an influence on" his "conduct through life," 
and thus through him it has exerted an amazing influ- 
ence on the world. 

In 1 72 1, from reading in the Transactions of the Royal 
Society an account of inoculation for the small-pox as 
practised in the East, he was led to put the subject be- 
fore the physicians of Boston. The onlv one of them 
who concurred with him was Zabdiel Boylston, who pro- 
ceeded to inoculate his own children. The clergy with 
Boylston constituted one party, to whom were opposed 



30 CLASS OF 1678. 

all the other physicians and the mass of the people. A 
war of pamphlets followed. The opposition party became 
exasperated. The town authorities resolved against in- 
oculation. The House of Representatives passed an Act 
making it a crime. Mather's life was endangered. A 
hand grenade was thrown into his sleeping chamber in 
the night, but fortunately in passing through the window 
the fusee was knocked off. The wisdom of inoculation 
became evident, and the practice was of incalculable value 
in saving life till the discovery of vaccination. 

Mather proposed the principle of association for useful 
objects. He was a strenuous advocate of temperance. 
He established a school for the instruction of slaves, and 
bore the whole expense of it. 

He was one of the Commissioners for Indian affairs. 
He advocated Christian missions, proposed Bible soci- 
eties, advised the formation of tradesmen's libraries, and 
associations for moral and religious improvement among 
young men. "He projected a Society of Peacemakers ', . . . 
whose Business it was to compose and prevent Differ- 
ences, and divert Law-suits that might arise." "He 
printed a Proposal for an Evangelical Treasury; the Design 
of which was to advance a Fund for bearing the Expense 
of building Churches in destitute Places, of distributing 
Books of Piety, of relieving poor Ministers, &c." 

In this great variety of purposes and plans, several of 
which he put in practice, we see the germs, and in some 
cases the fruits, of many of the modern religious and 
benevolent societies. Their connection is traced more 
in detail by Quint on page 244 of the first volume of 
the Congregational Quarterly, in a very elaborate and 
excellent memoir of Mather. 

It was Mather's almost incredible industry that enabled 
him to accomplish so much. "He wrote too much to 
write well. He did every thing with amazing rapidity. 



COTTON MATHER. 31 

It is said he could read a folio of many hundred pages 
and write a sermon in a forenoon. He became ac- 
quainted with every thing by a kind of intuition." "He 
seized and used every minute with wonderful energy." 
The words "BE SHORT," in capital letters, were placed 
over his study door as a hint to visitors. In one year 
he preached more than seventy-two public sermons and 
nearly half as many private ones ; did not allow a day 
to pass without a record of some plan to do good, or in 
which some portion of his income, however small, was 
not set apart for benevolent purposes ; prepared and pub- 
lished fourteen books, kept sixty fasts and twenty-two 
vigils, besides attending to his other varied duties. 

"That his Usefulness might reach beyond his Country, 
he learned the French & Spanish Tongues and in his 
Forty-fifth Year conquered Iroquois Indian ; in each of 
which he published Treatises for their Instruction." 

Prince says Mather was "a Person of a wonderful quick 
Apprehension, tenacious Memory, lively Fancy, ready In- 
vention, unwearied Industry : of vast Improvements in 
Knowledge, and flaming Piety. Full of Zeal & Activity 
for the Glory of Christ and the Salvation of Men." 
"He was a wonderfull Improver of Time ; and 'tis almost 
amazing how much He had read & studied — wrote and 
published — Flow much He corresponded abroad: not 
only with the several Provinces in the British America, 
but also with England, Scotland, Ireland, Holland, Germany, 
and even the Eastern as well as Western Indies. — And yet 
how much he conversed, visited, contrived and acted at 
Home!" "What a vast Amassment of 'Learning He 
had grasp'd in his Mind, from all sorts of Writings, of 
which He had one of the largest and richest Collections 
that ever was in these Ends of the Earth — and which 
He was at all times ready to use in the most sudden and 
extempore manner." 



W 



2 CLASS OF 1678. 

"And yet . . . He never seemed to be in a Hurry. He 
ould say some good and suitable thing to every one 
that came to Him; and He would always entertain us 
with Ease & Pleasure, even in his Studying Hours, as 
long as we pleas'd, or cou'd venture to hinder Him: 
making use of the most unseasonable Visitants, both to do 
more Good, and at the same time even advance Himself 
in Learning. . . . Tho' fatigu'd in Body, never tired in 
Mind. To do all the Good He cou'd to all, even to the re- 
motest Ends of the Earth — was his Maxim, his Study, 
his Labour, his Pleasure." 

"There was lodg'd in his Mind a great Treasure of 
secret and curious History, both of New England and 
Old, from the Beginning of the Reign of King Charles I, 
to this Day: which He had strangely gotten from the 
ancient Fathers of these Plantations who were living in 
his Younger times, from our successive Agents and other 
Intelligent Persons who have come over hither for this 
Fifty Years, and from his vast Correspondence both at 
Home and Abroad." 

"In his Style indeed He was something singular, and 
not so agreable to the Gust of the Age. But like his 
manner of speaking, it was very ewpliatical." "The puns 
and jingles that attend all his writings" led Neal, the 
historian, to speak of them in a letter to Colman, and 
probably they appeared nearly as absurd in his day as 
they do in ours. 

Joshua Gee, H. U. 1717, who was settled as his col- 
league 18 December, 1723, says in his funeral sermon: 
"The capacity of his mind ; the readiness of his wit; the 
vastness of his reading; the strength of his memory; the 
variety and treasure of his learning, in printed works, and 
in manuscripts which contain a much greater share ; the 
splendour of virtues, which, from the abundant grace of 
God with him, shone out in the constant tenor of a most 



COTTON MATHER. 33 

entertaining and profitable conversation ; his uncommon 
activity in the service of Christ; his unwearied applica- 
tion to all the different exercises of the pastoral function ; 
his extensive zeal, and numberless projections to do good 
on all occasions : these things, as they were united in 
him, proclaimed him to be truly an extraordinary per- 
son ; and united to make it difficult to find his equal, 
among men of like passions with us. He was pious, 
but not affected ; serious without moroseness ; grave, but 
not austere ; affable without meanness ; and facetious 
without levity. He was peaceable in his temper: but 
zealous against sin. He was a strenuous non-conform- 
ist to uninstituted ceremonies imposed upon conscience, 
as terms of communion among saints; which he consid- 
ered as violations of christian liberty, and snares to the 
souls of men : He strictly adhered to congregational 
principles of church-order and government." " He was 
catholick in his charity to all good men, tho' differing from 
him in circumstantials and modalities ; desirous to have 
churches resemble the Kingdom of Heaven; willing to 
receive all men, as Christ receives us to the glory of 
God; and pleading for no terms of communion among 
saints, but the terms of salvation." ' 

The opinion of Benjamin Colman, another contempo- 
rary, is particularly valuable, because of their long inti- 
macy, and because their views at times were greatly at 
variance. He says Mather was "the first Minister in the 
Town, the first in Age, in Gifts and in Grace; as all his 

1 In the Dedication of his Cceles- his father, himself, and his colleague, 

tinus, Mather specifies the "Baptist, Webb, Congregational clergymen, 

and Congregational, and Presbyte- took part in the ordination of Elisha 

rian, and Episcopalia7i, and Lu- Callender, H. U. 1710, a Baptist, had 

thcran, as well as Calvinist," but great weight with Thomas Hollis, 

does not name the Arminian, Uni- who was a Baptist, in the founding 

tarian, Quaker, Roman Catholic, or of the Hollis Professorship of Di- 

any others. The circumstance that vinity in Harvard College. 

VOL. III. J [March 14, 1883] 



34 CLASS OF 1678. 

Brethren very readily own. I might add (it may be with- 
out offence to any) the first in the whole Province and 
Provinces of New-England, for universal Literature ; and 
extensive Services. Yea it may be among all the Fathers 
in these Churches, from the beginning of the Country to 
this day, of whom many have done worthily and greatly ; 
yet none of them amass'd together so vast a Treasure of 
Learning, and made so much use of it, to a variety of 
pious Intentions." 

"His printed Works . . . will not convey to Posterity, 
nor give to Strangers, a jusi Idea of the real Worth and 
great Learning of the Man." "It was Conversation and 
Acquaintance with him, in his familiar and occasional 
Discourses and private Communications, that discovered 
the vast compass of his Knowledge and the Projections 
of his Piety ; more I have sometimes thought than all 
his Pulpit Exercises. Here he excell'd, here he shone; 
being exceeding communicative, and bringing out of his 
Treasury things new & old, without measure. Here it 
was seen how his Wit, and Fancy, his Invention, his 
Quickness of Thought, and ready Apprehension were all 
consecrated to God, as well as his Heart Will and Affec- 
tions; and out of his Abundance within his lips overflow'd, 
dropt as the honey-comb, fed all that came near him, and 
were as the choice silver, for richness and brightness, pleas- 
ure and profit. But here Love to Christ and his Servant 
commands me to draw a Veil over every Failing; For who 
is without them? Not Ascending Elijah Himself; who 
was a man of like Passions with his Brethren the Prophets; 
and we have his Mantle left us wherewith to cover the 
Defects and Infirmities of Others after their Translation 
in Spirit. These God remembers no more, and why should 
we? and He blots out none of their good Deeds and no more 
should we." 

These delineations of Mather's character, though so 



COTTON MATHER. 



1512374 35 



nearly alike, are entitled to high consideration, as coming 
from contemporaries and intimate friends. 

Robbins says: "Those who suppose they comprehend 
him, because they are familiar with the current anecdotes 
about him, or imagine that he could be fairly sketched by 
a few strong touches, could not be under a greater mis- 
apprehension. The truth is, few characters are less intel- 
ligible ; few harder to describe ; few so many-sided ; few 
have so little uniformity ; few have so great a variety of 
qualities, in such strange admixture ; few show such sup- 
posed inconsistencies ; few present themselves in such 
ever-shifting positions and hues, such kaleidoscopic 
changes and combinations ; few exhibit such surprising 
contrasts, such an apparent jumble of great and small, 
sharp and flat, wise and simple, saintly and ordinary. 
To group all these elements together, to arrange and 
blend them into anything like a complete and satisfac- 
tory portrait, would be a task that requires more pene- 
tration and skill than have ever yet been exercised upon 
his biography." 

"His virtues are in nature more prominent and strik- 
ing than his faults. The latter are more accidental and 
occasional ; the former, more constant and permanent. 
The one seem to have been rather temporary waverings 
from the real point of his life's aim, like the oscillations 
of the disturbed needle; while the other evidently mark 
the true line of his earlier and later aspirations, princi- 
ples, and efforts." 

"At one moment, his character appears in a favorable 
light; at another, under the shade. In some points, his 
conduct impresses us with respect; in others, with dis- 
approbation. Here, we find him taking a stand for hu- 
manity and justice; and there, apparently countenancing 
the errors of the judges, and defending their decisions. 
Now, he expresses sentiments worthy of a wise man ; and 



36 CLASS OF 1678. 

anon, unless we reject the testimony of Calef, he speaks 
and acts more like one infatuated. There was, doubtless, 
an inconsistency in his own feelings ; and therefore there 
must be in our verdict. His mind was pendulous. Though 
attached, at its highest point of desire and purpose, to 
eternal justice, it was ever oscillating over a wide scale 
of notions and impulses. If he was a riddle to himself, 
there is no wonder that he should appear so to us." 

The high standing of Mather's family, his precocity, 
and the great expectations of him from childhood, the 
extravagant public flattery of him when a boy of fifteen 
by President Oakes on so important a day as the Com- 
mencement when he graduated, his early success as a 
preacher, the position which he at once took in the com- 
munity, his consciousness of great literary and theological 
attainments and of devotion to the interests of humanity 
and religion, the attention and honors which he received 
at home and abroad, and a self-delusion and exaggeration 
as to his own importance, all inspired vanity, pride, and 
conceit, which pervaded his character, notwithstanding he 
toiled, prayed, and struggled valiantly to subdue them. 

That he was bold and brave in doing what he consid- 
ered to be duty is attested by numerous facts ; and yet 
his efforts to justify his course in the witchcraft delusion, 
his conduct in relation to Calef, to Dudley, and to the 
College, his sermon on the "Right Way to shake off a 
Viper," and many other circumstances, betray his sensi- 
tiveness to public opinion, and a desire to have all his 
goodness known to the world. Probably his son reflected 
the father's feelings when he writes of him as " having 
perhaps the Insults of contemptible People, the Assaults 
of those insignificant Lice, more than any Man in 
New-England. These troublesome but diminutive Crea- 
tures he scorn'd to concern himself with, only to pity 
them and pray for them." Gee speaks of "that herd of 



COTTON MATHER. 37 

abandoned mortals, whose sport it has been to reck their 
venom upon a faithful servant of God, in profane and 
ungodly scorn and derision." 

In glancing at the last years of Mather's life we find 
him full of perplexity and trouble. He did not have the 
respect or influence to which he considered himself en- 
titled. He was repeatedly disappointed and chagrined at 
not being put in positions to which he thought his learn- 
ing, piety, and talents gave him claims beyond those of 
any other man in the community. Domestic trials of the 
heaviest kind thickened and continued for years. His 
graceless son Increase, "who never did any good in the 
world," having probably been chided away from home, 
went to sea. The vessel was lost on a voyage between 
Barbados and St. Peter's, and the father continued to 
grieve for the "soul of y e child." He was compelled by 
the conduct of his wife to send from home a beloved 
daughter. At one time he had three widowed sisters, 
who of course must often look to him for counsel and 
sympathy. His wife's insanity at times was shown in 
the most violent paroxysms of fury and malignity, aggra- 
vated by the annoyance and interference of a female rela- 
tive who lived in his family ; and the paroxysms were 
occasionally succeeded by expressions of deep sorrow and 
the strongest affection. He was arrested for debts of his 
wife's former husband, and would have lost all his prop- 
erty, even to his library, if it had not been for the exer- 
tions and generous contributions of friends. 

In view of all this mingled sorrow, distress, and dis- 
appointment, it is not strange to find him writing in his 
Diary, in 1724, "It may be of some use for me, to ob- 
serve some very Dark Dispensations \ wherein y e Recompences 
of my poor Essays at Well-doing in this Life seem to Look 
a little Discouraging, and then to express y e Triumphs 
of my Faith over such and all Discouragements. Of 



38 CLASS OF 1678. 

things that Look Darkly" he proceeds to make record 
of "Twice Seven Instances" of "What a Gracious Lord 
helped" him to do, and to accompany them with charac- 
teristic remarks. 

He speaks of his exertions for the " Seafaring Tribe. . . . 
And yett, there is not a Man in y e world, So reviled, 
So slandered, So cursed among y e Sailors." 

He has made great efforts "for the Instruction, and 
Salvation, and Comfort of the poor Negro's. And yett, 
Some, on purpose to affront me, call their Negro's, by 
the Name of Cotton Mather, — that so they may with 
some Shadow of Truth, assert crimes as committed by 
one of that Name which y e Hearers take to be me" 

li What has a Gracious Lord given me to do, for the profit 
& Honour of the Female Sex, — Especially in publishing 
the vertuous and Laudable Characters of Holy Women, . . . 
And yett, Where is the Man 'whom the Female Sex 
have spit more of their venom at?" 

And as to the country for which he has done so much, 
"there is no man whom y e Countrey so Loads with Dis- 
respects and with Calumnies and manifold Expressions 
of Aversion." 

"What has a Gracious Lord given me to do, that the Col- 
ledge may be own'd for the bringing forth such as are 
somewhat known in y e world, and, have Read & wrote 
as much as many have done in some other places ? 
And yett, the Colledge forever putts all possible Marks 
of Disesteem upon me. If I were the greatest Blockhead 
that ever came from it ; or the greatest Blemish that ever 
came to it, they could not easily show me more con- 
tempt than they do." 

"What has a Gracious Lord given me to do, in Alms and 
in Disbursements in pious Uses. For whole years to- 
gether not one Day has, passed me, in which I have not 
been able to say, That I have done something that way. 



COTTON MATHER. 39 

And yett, Tho' I am strangely provided for, yett, I 
am a very poor Man. I have not a foot of Land upon 
Earth. Except a Library, and a Little Houshould-Stuff, 
I have nothing upon Earth. And this also I am now 
offering unto Creditors to satisfy for Debts, whereof I 
never did myself owe a Farthing. My very Library, y e 
Darling of my Little Enjoyments, is demanded from 
me." 

At the conclusion of the fourteen Instances from which 
these citations are made, Mather considers his "Disposi- 
tions and . . . Consolations" under these li Dispensations." 
And a few weeks afterwards he writes: <c> Tis a Thought 
full of Consolation to me, and what carries an Anima- 
tion of Piety with it; That the Sad Things which appear 
to me, as punishments of my Offences, and I accordingly 
Accept them, and I don't complain, but say, I will bear 
y e Indignation of y e Lord, because I have sinned against 
him; — They really prove Benefits unto me, and I find 
them Intended for such ; and they have those precious 
Effects upon me, which proclame y e everlasting Love of 
God unto me." And a little later still, "Listening to 
y e Voice of my Glorious Redeemer, in Some Dispensa- 
tions, I am Suspicious, Whether He don't call me Imme- 
diately to attain unto some Greater and Higher Degrees 
of Purity (tho' the Least Impure Thought has long been 
abominable to me,) than I have yett arriv'd unto." 

These details are but a small part of what might be 
cited to illustrate Mather's character and the spirit of the 
times. 

In 1 710 he received from the University of Glasgow 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity, which was peculiarly 
gratifying, and to which he attached much importance, 
as the honor was a very rare one. In 17 13 he was 
chosen a member of the Royal Society, and was in- 
formed by the Secretary that he was chosen "both by the 



40 CLASS OF 1678. 

Council and Body of the Society : only the Ceremony of an 
Admission is wanting, which, you, being beyond Sea, cannot 
be performed.'" 

From the beginning of his last illness, in the latter part 
of December, 1727, he had a strong assurance that he 
should not recover, and his last days were such as would 
be naturally expected from his previous life. " Many 
were the Blessings he pronounced and the Charges he gave 
those who were near him." Some of them were very- 
touching, particularly the one to his sister's son, Mather 
Byles, and to his only son Samuel. He died on Tues- 
day, 13 February, 1727-8, the day after he was sixty-five 
years old. " From the Thursday before to that Time he 
was dying of an hard Cough and a suffocating Asthma 
with a Fever; but he felt no great Pain; he had the 
sweet Composure and easy Departure, for which he had en- 
treated so often and fervently the sovereign Disposer of 
all Things." His funeral was on the following Monday. 
His "Colleague in deep Mourning, with the Brethren 
of the Church walked in a Body before the Corpse. 
The Six first Ministers of the Boston Lecture supported 
the Pall. Several Gentlemen of the bereaved flock took 
their turns to bear the Coffin. After which followed first 
the bereaved Relatives in Mourning; then his Honour 
the Lieutenant-Governor, the Honourable His Majesty's 
Council, & House of Representatives; and then a large 
train of Ministers, Justices, Merchants, Scholars, and 
other principal Inhabitants, both of Men and Women. 
The Streets were crowded with People, and the windows 
filled with sorrowful Spectators, all the way to the Bury- 
ing place ; Where the Corpse was deposited in a Tomb 
belonging to the worthy Family" in the northeast part 
of God's Acre at Copp's Hill. 

May 4, 1686, Mather was married to Abigail Phillips, 
born 19 June, 1670, daughter of John and Catharine 



COTTON MATHER. 41 

(Anderson) Phillips, of Charlestown. They had nine 
children, of whom five died young, three before being 
baptized. She died 28 November, or, according to the 
town records, 1 December, 1702, the latter perhaps 
being the date of her burial. August 18, 1703, he mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. John and Martha (Whit- 
tingham) Clark, of Boston, who for four years had been 
widow of Richard Hubbard, of Boston. They had six 
children, of whom only two grew to be adults. This 
wife died 18 November, 1713. July 5, 1715, he married 
Lydia (who died 22 January, 1734), daughter of Reverend 
Samuel Lee, and widow of John George. They had no 
children. 

Although Mather is said by his son and biographer to 
have had fifteen children, there appears to be no record 
of more than thirteen. By his first wife he had Catha- 
rine, who understood Latin and read Hebrew fluently, 
and died of consumption, December, 17 16 ; Abigail, born 
22 August, 1687, died before 1693; Joseph, 28 March, 
1693, died 1 April, 1693; Abigail, 14 June, 1694, mar- 
ried Daniel Willard, had four children, and died 26 Sep- 
tember, 172 1 ; Hannah, 1696—7, was living, unmarried, 
in 1728; Increase, 9 July, 1699, lost at sea, in or about 
1724; Samuel, 1700, died young. By his second wife 
he had Elizabeth, born 13 July, 1704, married, 30 July, 
1724, Edward Cooper, and died 7 August, 1726; Sam- 
uel, 30 October, 1706, H. U. 1723, married Hannah, 
sister of Governor Thomas Hutchinson, and died 27 
June, 1785; Nathaniel, 16 May, 1707, died 24 Novem- 
ber, 1709; Jerusha, 11 April, 171 1, died November, 
1713; Eleazer and Martha, twins, born and died in 

The name Mather among Cotton Mather's descend- 
ants has long been extinct. His son Samuel Mather, 
H. U. 1723, had a daughter, who married the Reverend 



42 CLASS OF 1678. 

Josiah Crocker, of Taunton, H. U. 1738, among whose 
descendants was Samuel Leonard Crocker, of Taunton, a 
graduate of Brown University in 1822, who married a 
granddaughter of Isaiah Thomas, LL. D., the founder of 
the American Antiquarian Society at Worcester, whose 
maternal grandfather was George Burroughs, at whose 
execution Cotton Mather acted a conspicuous part on 
horseback. Thus by the marriage of Crocker to a grand- 
daughter of Thomas, the Cotton Mather family became 
united with the George Burroughs family. 



The remarks under the titles, unless otherwise stated, are generally taken 
from Cotton Mather's manuscript Diaries. 

Occasionally the library where a work may be found is designated by the 
letters A, B, C, G, H, L, M, TV, P, W, meaning respectively the libraries of 
the Boston Athenaeum, George Brinley, Congregational Library Association, 
New England Historic-Genealogical Society, Harvard University, Boston 
Public Library, Massachusetts Historical Society, New York Historical So- 
ciety, Thomas Prince's in the Boston Public Library, and the American An- 
tiquarian Society at Worcester. S means the Catalogue, on pages 161-182, 
of Samuel Mather's Life of Cotton Mather, and P*, Thomas Prince's manu- 
script catalogue in his own handwriting, which belongs to the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. 



1. Manuscript Diaries for the years 1681, 1683, 1685, 1686, 
1693, 1697, 1698, 1700, 1701, 1702, 1705, 1706, 1718, 1721, 
and 1724, in the Library of the Massachusetts Historical Society ; 
and for 1692, 1696, 1699, 1703, 1709, 171 1, 1713, and 1717, in 
the Library of the American Antiquarian Society, at Worcester. 

2. A Poem I Dedicated to the Memory | of the Reverend and 
Excellent | Mr. Urian Oakes, | the late Pastor to Christ's Flock, | 
and Praesident of Harvard-Colledge, | in Cambridge, | Who was 
gathered to his People on 2$ A 5™ 168 1. | In the fifty'th Year 
of his Age. || Boston in New England, Printed for John RatclifF, 
1682. sm. 4to. Pp. (2) Verses to the Reader; pp. 1-16 Me- 
moirs of the Life and Worth : Lamentations for the Death, and 
Loss of I the every way admirable | Mr. Vrian Oakes. At the 
foot of page 16 is An Advertisement of Oakes's Fast Sermon at 
Cambridge, from Eccl. 9. 11 [to which Increase Mather prefixed 
a biographical memoir]. B. 



COTTON MATHER. 43 

The letters N. R., subscribed to the Poem on page 16, are the 
last letters of the name Cottow Mather. 

This was, probably, Cotton Mather's first published work. It 
was printed three years before the Elegy on Collins, No. 4, and 
four years before the first work named in Samuel Mather's list, — 
the sermon before the execution of J. Morgan, No. 5. Mr. 
Brinley's is the only copy known, and is believed to be unique. 

In May, 1683, Nathaniel Mather, of Dublin, wrote to his 
brother, Increase Mather: "The last I had from you was dated 
o,ber 15, 82, & with it Mr. Oaks his sermon on Eccles, and 
two of your son's Poems on him." This is probably one of the 
two copies mentioned. It has the autograph of N[athaniel] Ma- 
ther on the last page. — G. Brinley, Letters, 1864, December 5 ; 
1872, April 12. Massachusetts Historical Society's Collections, 
xxxviii. 44. J. H. Trumbull, in G. Brinley's Catalogue of the 
American Library. 

3. M.DC.LXXXIII. I I The Boston Ephemeris. | An | 

Almanack | for | The (Dionysian) Year of the Christian | ^ra. 
M DC. LXXXIII. I And of the Worlds Creation 5632. | Anno 

Oppidi inchoati 53 | | Of which the Vulgar Notes are. | 

Cycle of the Sun 12. | Dominic. Let. G. F. | Golden Numb. 12. | 

Epact. 12. J Numb of Direct. 18. | | Serving the Meridian 

of Boston in New-Eng. | Latitude, 42. gr. 30 min. | Longitude 

3 T 5* g r> I I Eph. 5. 16. Redeeming the Time. | Damna 

fleo rerum, sed plus fleo Damna Dierum ; | Quisq ; potest rebus 
succurrere ; nemo Diebus. || Boston in New-England, Printed by 
S. G. for S. S. 1683. 8vo. Anonymous. i?, M. 

Judge Sewall wrote on his copy, " By Mr. Cotton Mather." 
See also New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vii. 

345- 

4. An Elegy on the Much-to-be-deplored Death | of that 
Never-to-be-forgotten Person, | The Reverend | Mr. Nathanael 
Collins ; | Who After he had been many years a faithful | Pastor 
to the Church at Middletown of Connecticut in New-England, | 
about the Forty-third year of his Age Expired ; | On 28th. 10. 
moneth 1684. || Boston: Printed by Richard Pierce for Obadiah 
Gill 1685. Pp. (1-2) To the Reader, signed C. M. ; pp. 1-20 
The Elegy. Anonymous. B. 

Brinley writes: "Not in any public library. Have never heard 
of another copy.' - 



44 CLASS OF 1678. 

5. The I Call of the Gospel | Applyed | unto All Men in gen- 
eral, I and I unto a Condemned Malefactor in particular. | In | A 
Sermon | Preached on the 7th d. of the 1st. m. 1686. | At the 
Request, and in the Hearing of [James Morgan] a man, | under 
a just Sentence of Death for the hor- | rid Sin of Murder. || 
Printed at Boston, By R. P. Anno Supradict. sm. 8vo. Pp. 
(2), 94; pp. 55-94 being Joshua Moody's Exhortation to a 
Condemned Malefactor. C, W. 

The same. See Cotton Mather's Magnalia, vi. 40. 

The same. The Second Edition. Printed at Boston, by Rich- 
ard Pierce in 1687. 8vo. Being pp. 37-82 of /. Mather's Ser- 
mon Occasioned by the Execution. B, H, P. 

41 There has been since, a second edition of y e Book w th a copy 
of my Discourse w th y e poor Malefactor, walking to his Execution, 
added at y e End. The Book sold Exceedingly and I hope did a 
World of Good." 

6. Military Duties, | Recommended | to an | Artillery | Com- 
pany ; I At their Election of Officers | In Charls-Town, | 13-d. 
7. m. 1686. || Boston in New-England, Printed by Richard Pierce: 
And are to be sold by Joseph Brunning, at his Shop at the Corner 
of Prison Lane near the Exchange. 1687. sm. 8vo. or i6mo. 
Pp. 1-5 Preface; pp. 1-78 Text; pp. (1-2) Titles of Books 
printed for and sold by Joseph Brunning. y/, Z?, H, M, W. 

"The Artillery-Company of Middlesex this year did a New 
Thing, in Ordering their Anniversary solemnities to bee at Cbarls- 
town, and not at Cambridge ; and they did another New Thing, in 
choosing, as they never did before or since, a Minister not belong- 
ing to their own County to be their preacher ; and This was my 
poor self. So, on 13? 7? I preached, at Charlstown, unto a very 
great Assembly, a Sermon, which was afterwards printed, under 
y e Title of Military Duties." 

7. Early Piety, | Exemplified | in the | Life and Death | of | 
Mr. Nathanael Mather, | Who | Having become at the Age of | 
Nineteen, an Instance of more | than common | Learning and 
Virtue, | Changed Earth for Heaven, Oct. 17. 1688. | Whereto are 
added | Some Discourses on the true Nature, | the great Reward, 
and the best | Season of such | A Walk with God | as he left a 
Pattern of. || London, Printed by J. Astwood for J. Dunton, 1689. 
sm. 8vo. Pp. (1-3) To the Reader. London, February 5 th 



COTTON MATHER. 45 

1688-9. Samuel Mather; pp. (1-5) The Introduction; pp. 
1-59 The Life and Death of Mr. Nathanael Mather. Finished 
Octo. 29. 1688; p. 60 Epitaph. Posuit R. Hale. 

The "Some Discourses" are Several | Sermons | concerning 
Walking | with | God, | and that | In the Dayes of Youth: | 
Preached at Boston in New-England. || London, Printed by J. 
Astwood for J. Dunton, at the Black Raven in the Poultrey, over 
against the Compter. 1689. sm. 8vo. Pp. 1-23 The | Walk | 
of I Holy and Happy | Men ; pp. 24-46 The | Good End | of 
a I Good Walk; pp. 47-86 The | Duty | and | Interest | of | 
Youth : I Or, I The Thought of an Elder, on the Death | of a 
Younger Brother. | Uttered Octob. 28. 1688. In some copies 
a page of Errata is pasted on the last cover. Anonymous. 

M, P, IV. 

The R. Hale here mentioned was doubtless the Robert Hale 
who graduated in 1686, the year after Nathaniel Mather. 

The same. The Second Edition. With a Prefatory Epistle, 
by Mr. Matthew Mead. Pp. 14, 60. London, Printed by J. 
Astwood, for John Dunton. 1689. 8vo. To the Reader 4 pp. 
by Mr. Mead ; To the Reader 3 pp. by Samuel Mather. Cot- 
ton Mather's name is signed at the end of the work, p. 59. B. 

The same. In C. Mather's Magnalia, iv. 208. 

The same. Boston Congregational Board of Publication. 
i6mo. H. 

8. Memorable | Providences, | Relating to | Witchcrafts ] and 
Possessions. | A Faithful Account of many Wonderful and Sur- | 
prising Things, that have befallen several Be- | witched and Pos- 
sessed Persons in New-England. | Particularly, A Narrative of the 
marvellous | Trouble and Releef Experienced by a pious Fa- | 
mily in Boston, very lately and sadly molested | with Evil Spirits. | 
Whereunto is added, | A Discourse delivered unto a Congregation 
in I Boston, on the Occasion of that Illustrious Pro- | vidence. 
As also I A Discourse delivered unto the same Congrega- | tion ; 
on the occasion of a horrible Self-Mur- | der Committed in the 
Town. I With an Appendix, in Vindication of a Chapter | in a 
late Book of Remarkable Providences, from | the Calumnies of 
a Quaker at Pen-silvania. || Recommended by the Ministers of 
Boston and Charleston. Printed at Boston in N. England by 
R[ichard]. Pjjerce]. 1689. Sold by Joseph Brunning, at his Shop 



46 CLASS OF 1678. 

at the Corner of the Prison-Lane next the Exchange, sm. 8vo. 
Pp. (1-2) To the Honourable Wait Winthrop Esq. The Epistle 
Dedicatory; pp. (1-4) To the Reader; pp. (1-2) The Intro- 
duction; pp. 1-75 The Text; pp. 1-21 A Discourse on the 
Power and Malice of the Devils; pp. 1-40 A Discourse on 
Witchcraft; p. (r) Notandum on a case of Witchcraft; pp. 1- 
20 Appendix respecting Keith and Quakers. P. 

The same. Printed at Boston in New-England, and Re-printed 
at Edinburgh by the Heirs and Successors of Andrew Anderson, 
Printer to his most Excellent Majesty, Anno Dom. 1697. sm« 
8vo. Pp. (6), 102. 

See also No. 27. 

9. Right Thoughts in Sad Hours, | Representing the | Com- 
forts and Duties | of | Good Men, under all their | Afflictions ; | 
And Particularly, | That one, the Untimely Death of | Children : | 
In a I Sermon | delivered | At Charls-town, New-England under | 
a Fresh Experience of that Calamity. || London, Printed by James 
Astwood. 1689. i2mo. Pp. (1-4) To My very Worthy Friend 
Mr. S. S. [Samuel Sewall] ; signed C. M. ; pp. 1-54 Right 
Thoughts in Sad Hours; pp. (1-2) Extract of a Letter. West- 
field, 14* 6 M. 1686, with poetry signed E. T. [Edward Taylor]. 
Anonymous. A. 

The same. Dunstable. 181 1. 241110. 

10. Several | Sermons | concerning | Walking with | God, 
And that | In the Dayes of Youth. || See No. 7. 

11. Small Offers | Towards the Service of the Tabernacle | in 

the Wilderness. | | Four Discourses, accommodated unto the 

Designs of | Practical | Godliness. | The First, [pp. 1-64 The 
Good Man's Resolutions.] Concerning the Methods wherein men j 
ought to Engage both Themselves and their | Houses in the Ser- 
vice of God. I The Second, [pp. 65-84 Time Discerned.] Con- 
cerning the Right and Best waies | of Redeeming Time in the 
World. I The Third, [pp. 85-105 The Tryed Christian. | A Dis- 
course delivered, upon Recovery from | Sickness.] Concerning the 
Carriage which we | should have under Trials used by God upon 
us. I The Fourth, [pp. 106-128 Life Desired. | Upon the Death 
of a Relative.] Concerning the End which in our | Desires of Life, 
we should propound unto ourselves. | Preached partly at Boston, 
partly at Charlston. || Published by a Gentleman lately Restored 



COTTON MATHER. 47 

from threatning Sickness ; as an humble Essay to serve the Inter- 
est of Religion, in Gratitude unto God for his Recovery. Printed 
by R. Pierce. Sold by Jos. Brunning at his shop near the Ex- 
change in Boston. 1689. i2mo. P- (1) Errata; pp. (1-6) To 
my ever-honoured Father-in-Law, John Philips Esq.; pp. I- 128 
Text. A, B. 

12. Souldiers Counselled and Comforted, j | A | Discourse 

[At the North Meeting House in Boston 1 d. 7 m. Afternoon. 
1689.] I Delivered unto some part of | the Forces | Engaged in 
the Just War of | New-England | Against the Northern & East- 
ern I Indians. | Sept. 1. 1689. || Boston: Printed by Samuel Green. 
1689. i6mo. Pp. (1-7) To my Much Honoured Friends: The 
Pious and Valiant Commanders, Of the Forces now engaged 
against our Indian Enemies ; pp. 1-38 The Text. A, B, M, W. 

"As I never can endure that mischievous Impertinency, of making 
the first or chief Exercise after our Hearing, to be upon that Question, 
How did you like the Sermon to day ? So I am not much concerned 
about the Reception and Entertainment which may be given to this poor 
Sermon by the Readers of it. My not having more than half a day to 
prepare it in, made it incapable of being thus written, till since the Deliv- 
ery of it ; and it is noiv written near as well as could be to what when 
Spoken ; zuithout many more Additions, I suppose than may somewhat 
Ballance the Omissions made in the Transcription. The Subitaneous 
and so much Extemporaneous Uttering of a Sermon, indeed I am far 
from accounting a matter of Applause, that I do esteem it Evil and 
Sinful, and never free from Blame, unless Gods Providence, and not 
our Election have made it Unavoidable ; nor is any thing in the 
world more fulsome and nauseous, than for a Preacher to value himself 
upon such a Crime, as his not spending much time in study." 

13. Work upon the Ark. Meditations upon the Ark as a 
Type of the Church. Delivered in a Sermon [a 1. P. 3. 20, 21.] 
at Boston [Nov. 17. 1689]. Boston: Printed by Samuel Green, 
and Sold by Joseph Brunning at the corner of the Prison Lane. 
8vo. pp. (10), 54. B, P*. 

14. Addresses | To Old Men, and Young Men, and | Little 
Children. | | In Three | Discourses | I. The Old Mans Hon- 
our ; or, The Hoary | Head found in the way of Righteousness. | 
A Discourse Recommending unto | Old Men, A Saving Acquaint- 
ance with the I Lord Jesus Christ, j II. The Young Man's Glory ; 



48 CLASS OF 1678. 

or, A I Wreath of Graces for the Head of Youths. | A Discourse 
Recommending unto Young | Men, A Blessed Victory over the 
Devil. I III. The Little Child's Lesson; Or, A Child | Wise 
unto Salvation. | A Discourse instructing and inviting Little | Chil- 
dren to the Exercises of Early Piety. | To which may be added, A 
Short Scriptural Cate- | chism accommodated unto their Capaci- 
ties. || Boston : Printed by R. Pierce, for Nicholas Buttolph, at the 
Corner Shop, next to Gutteridge's Coffee-House. 1690. 8vo. 
Pp. (2), 122. The Scriptural Catechism appended was printed in 
1691. A. 

15. Boston Lecture 12 June 1690, Ecclesiastes xi, 1. 2. Notes 
taken by John Hancock ? Oblong 8vo. MS. pp. 25. H. 

16. A Companion for Communicants. | | Discourses | 

Upon I The Nature, the Design, and the | Subject of the | Lords 
Supper, I With | Devout Methods of Preparing for, | and Ap- 
proaching to that I Blessed Ordinance. || Printed at Boston by 
Samuel Green for Benjamin Harris at the London Coffee House. 
1690. 8vo. Pp. 1-8 To the Church of the Lord Jesus in the 
North Part of Boston. Particularly To the Honourable Sr. Wil- 
liam Phips Kt. To the Worshipful John Richards Esq. And 
to my Honoured and Worthy Friends, Mr. Adam Winthrop. 
Mr. John Foster. Dr. John Clark; pp. 1-80 Invitations to the 
Supper of the Lord; pp. 81-133 Preparations for the Supper of 
the Lord; pp. 134-136 Devotions at the Supper of the Lord. 

B, P, W. 
" 1 were a very Degenerate Person, if I should not be touched with 
an Ambition, to be a Servant of the Churches in this now famous 
Countrey, which my two Grandfathers Cotton and Mather had so 
considerable a stroke in the first planting of; and for the preservation 
whereof my Father, hath been so far Exposed. Their Services (for, 
Non ea Nostra voco) were my greatest Blemishes and Reproaches, if 
I should not be studious to do what Little I can for the Children of my 
people. . . . It is at the Service of these Churches, and at the cultiva- 
tion of the almost only Garden which our Lord "Jesus has in the Amer- 
ican Continent that I have aimed in publishing these Meditations ; but 
that any of my poor Labours may be Employed in such a Service, whilst 
this Countrey has a Colledge in it, that is every year bringing forth 
Sons, whom I see my self to be but a Little Dwarf among, Lord, who 
am I ? and what is my Life ? or what is my Fathers Family ? 



COTTON MATHER. 49 

Indeed, I ought to he filled with shame, at the smallness of my own 
Improvement. But hoivever profitable or acceptable, this Treatise may 
be unto the Churches abroad, . . . I promise to my self that it will have 
a particular Welcome with YOU that all the Flock, whereof the 
Holy Spirit has made me an Overseer, I may with some peculiarity 
of Consideration mind my self, That your Servant is keeping his Fa- 
thers Sheep ; and, my dear Charge, give me leave to tell you, as I 
have often told you, That I am in some Anguish of Desire to find you 
all among the Sheep of the Lords Right-Hand in the Day of his 
Appearing." 

17. J. Cotton. "Milk for Babes: w th serious advice at the 
End. Mr. Bartholomew Green says — It [the serious advice] was 
wrote by Mr. Cotton Mather & Printed by Mr. Samuel Green." 
Pp. 14. P*. 

18. The Present State of New England. | | Considered 

in a I Discourse | On the Necessities and Advantages of a | Public 
Spirit I In every Man ; | Especially, At such a time as this. | A4ade 
at the Lecture in Boston | 20. d. 1. m. 1690: | Upon the News 
of an Invasion by bloody | Indians and French-Men, begun | upon 
Us. || Boston Printed by Samuel Green. 1690. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. P. (1) To the Honourable Simon Bradstreet Esq. Gov- 
ernour . . . ; pp. 1 -46 Text ; pp. 47-52 An Order By the Gov- 
ernour and General Court of the Colony of the Massachusetts 
Bay, for the Work of Reformation ; signed Isaac Addington Seer. 
March 13 1689-90. B, H, M. 

19. The Principles | of the | Protestant | Religion | Maintained, | 
and Churches of New England, in the | Profession and Exercise 
thereof | defended, against all the Calumnies of one George Keith | 
a Quaker, in a Book lately Published at | Pensilvania, to under- 
mine them both. | | By the Ministers of the Gospel in Boston. || 

Boston, in New-England, Printed by Richard Pierce, and sold by 
the Booksellers. 16^0. i2mo. Pp. (1-8) The Preface; pp. 
1- 156 The Text. The Preface is signed by James Allen. Joshuah 
Moody. Samuel Willard. Cotton Mather. The latter was prob- 
ably the principal author. A, B, H, P, TV. 

This was first printed, or reprinted, in London in 1701, under 
"Death made Easie." See No. 106. 

20. The Serviceable Man. | | A j Discourse | Made unto 

the I General Court | of the | Massachusets Colony, New Eng- 

VOL. III. 4 [March 14, 1883.] 



50 CLASS OF 1678. 

land, I At the Anniversary | Election 28 d. 3 m. 1690. || Boston, 
Printed bv Samuel Green, for Joseph Browning at the corner of 
the Prison-Lane next the Exchange. 1690. 8vo. Pp. (1 — 2) 
To my Countrey ; pp. 1-64 Text. Z?, //, Al, JV. 

21. Speedy Repentance Urged. | A | Sermon preached at Bos- 
ton, December 29. 1689. In the Hearing, and at the Request of | 
One Hugh Stone [of Andover] ; | A Miserable Man | Under a 
just Sentence of Death, for a Tragical and Horrible Murder, j 
Together with some Account concern- | ing the Character, Car- 
riage, and I Execution of that Unhappy Ma- | lefactor. j To which 
are Added certain Memorable | Providences Relating to some other 
Mur- I ders ; & some great Instances of Repen- | tance which have 
been seen among us. || Boston : Printed by Samuel Green, and Sold 
by Joseph Browning . . .and Benj. Harris. 1690. i2mo. Pp. (6), 
%h ( 8 )> ! 5> 171 75, 21, 40, (2), 14. A, B, H. 

U A little history of several very astonishing Witchcrafts, and 
Possessions, which partly from my occular observation, and partly 
my undoubted information, hath enabled me to offer unto the pub- 
lick notice of my neighbours," pp. 75, which is, perhaps, the first 
appearance of the author's treatise on witchcraft. Then follows 
"A Discourse on the Power and Malice of Devils," and "A Dis- 
course on Witchcraft"; the volume concluding with an Appendix 
in defence of Increase Mather's "Remarkable Providences." 

22. The Way to Prosperity. | j A | Sermon | Preached 

to the Honourable | Convention | of the | Governour, Council, 
and Representatives | of the Massachuset-Colony in New-Eng- 
land •, I on Mav 23, 1689. || Boston. Printed by Richard Pierce, 
for Benjamin Harris. Anno Domini 1690. [Some title-pages are, 
"Printed by R. Pierce, for Joseph Brunning, Obadiah Gill, and 
James Woode."] sm. 8vo or i6mo. P. (1) A Prophesy in the 
Divine Herbert's Church-Militant; pp. (1-5) The Preface; pp. 
1-26 [36] The Sermon; pp. 1-5 Mantissa, a Discourse fetch'd 
from a Reserved Collection of Memorable Providences. 

D, H, Al, P, IV. 
This Discourse is also included in No. 23. 

23. The Wonderful Works of God | Commemorated. | | 

Praises | Bespoke for the God of Heaven, j In a Thanksgiving | 
Sermon; | Delivered on Decemb. 19. 1689. | Containing | Just 
Reflections upon the Excel- | lent Things done by the Great 



COTTON MATHER. 5 I 

God, | more Generally in Creation and Re- j demption, and in 
the Govern- | ment of the World ; But more Par- | ticularly in 
the Remarkable Revolu- | tions of Providence which are every | 
where the matter of present Observation. | With a Postscript 
giving an Account of some very j stupendous Accidents, which 

have lately happened | in France. | | By Cotton Mather. | | 

To which is Added a Sermon Preached unto the | Convention of 
the A4assachuset-Colony in | New-England. | With a short Nar- 
rative of several Prodigies, which New- | England hath of late 
had on the Alarms of Heaven in. || Printed at Boston by S. Green 
& Sold by Joseph Browning at the corner of Prison Lane, and 
Benj. Harris at the London-Coffee-House. 1690. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. P. (1) Proclamation for Thanksgiving; pp. (1-6) The 
Epistle Dedicatory to the Right Worshipful Sir Henry Ashurst, 
Baronet, containing, on the fifth page, a copy, cut in wood or 
type metal, of the inscription on the Dighton Rock as it appeared 
before the year 1690 ; pp. 1-62 [64] The Text. 

B, H, M, P, TV. 

24. Balsamum Vulnerarium e Scriptura ; or the Cause and 
Cure of a Wounded Spirit. Boston. 1691. 8vo. pp.92. S. 

25. Fair Weather. Or Considerations to Dispel the Clouds 
and Allay the Storms of Discontent : In a Discourse which with 
an Entertaining Variety, both of Argument and History, layes 
open, the Nature and Evil of that pernicious Vice, and offers di- 
verse Antidotes against it ; By Cotton Mather. Whereto there 
is Prefixed a Catalogue of Sins against all the Commandments, 
whereof all that would make thorough Work of Repentance, es- 
pecially at this Day when the God of Heaven so Loudly calls for 
it, should make their Serious and Sensible Confessions before the 
Lord ; With an Humble and Fervent Address unto this whole 
People, there-about. Boston : Printed by Bartholomew Green, 
and John Allen, for Nicholas Buttolph, at the corner of Gutteridges 
Coffee-House. 1 691. l2mo. 

Preface signed "Mather," on reverse of title-page; pp. 1 — 28 
no running-title; pp. 29-82 "A Sacred Exorcism upon Sinful 
Discontent"; pp. 83-93 added while the preceding was in press 
(without running-title), relating to the attack on York ; pp. 92—93 
poetical epitaph on Rev. Shubael Dummer. B. 

The same. The Second Edition. Boston : Printed by Bar- 
tholomew Green, and John Allen, for Nicholas Buttolph. 1694. 



52 CLASS OF 1678. 

26. Good Souldiers a great Blessing. A Sermon from Isaiah 
II. 4 delivered at the Artillery Election in 1691. Boston. 1691. 
8vo. pp. 3-28. B. 

No perfect copy has been found. It is not mentioned in 
Thomas Prince's or Samuel Mather's list of Cotton Mather's 
works. I have made up the title from the imperfect one in 
George Brinley's library, and from Zachariah G. Whitman's His- 
tory of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, second 
edition, page 221. 

27. Late I Memorable Providences | Relating to | Witchcrafts 
and Possessions, | Clearly Manifesting, | Not only that there are 
Witches, but | that Good Men (as well as others) | may possibly 
have their Lives shortned | by such evil Instruments of Sa- 
tan. J I The Second Impression. Recommended by the 

Reverend Mr. Richard | Baxter in London, and by the Ministers 
of I Boston and Charlestown in New-England. || London : Printed 
for Tho, Parkhurst at the Bible and Three Crowns in Cheapside 
near Mercers-Chapel. 1691. 8vo. Pp. (1-2) To the Honour- 
able Wait Winthrop, The Epistle Dedicatory; pp. (1-4) To the 
Reader, signed Charles Morton. James Allen. Joshua Moodey. 
Samuel Willard ; pp. (1-9) The Preface, Rich. Baxter. Lon- 
don, Sept. the 30th. 1690; pp. (1-3) Catalogue of Books Printed 
for, and Sold by Thomas Parkhurst ; pp. (1-2) The Introduction ; 
pp. 1-70 Witchcrafts and Possessions; pp. 70-90 A Discourse 
on the Power and Malice of the Devils; pp. 91-130 A Discourse 
on Witchcraft ; p. 131 Notandum ; pp. 132-144 Appendix. 

See No. 8. #, H„ P. 

28. Little Flocks Guarded against | Grievous Wolves. | | 

An Address | Unto those Parts of New-England which are | most 
Exposed unto Assaults, from the Mo- | dern Teachers of the mis- 
led Quakers. | In a Letter, | Which impartially Discovers the 
manifold Hse- | resies and Blasphemies, and the Strong De- | 
lusions of even the most Refined | Quakerism ; | And thereupon 
Demonstrates the Truth of those | Principles and Assertions, 
which are most | opposite thereunto. | With just Reflections upon 
the extream Igno- | ranee and Wickedness, of George | Keith, 
Who is the Seducer that | now most Ravines upon the | Churches 
in this Wilderness. |j Boston [Sept. I.] 1691. Boston, Printed by 
Benjamin Harris, & John Allen, at the London-Coffee-House. 



COTTON MATHER. 53 

1691. sm. 8vo. P. (1) To the Reader; pp. 1-110 Quakerism 
Display'd. J, B, H, M, W. 

29. Ornaments for the Daughters of Zion. | | Or | the 

Character and Happiness | Of A | Vertuous Woman : | in A | 
Discourse | Which Directs | The Female-Sex how to Express, | 
the Fear of God, in every | Age and State of their Life ; and | 
Obtain both Temporal and Eternal | Blessedness. || Cambridge : 
Printed by S. G. & B. G., for Samuel Phillips at Boston. 1691. 
i2mo. P. (1) The Preface-, pp. 3-104 The Text; p. (105) 
Errata. A, C, H, P, M. 

The same. Cambridge S. G. & B. G. for Samuel Phillips at 
Boston. 1692. 8vo. pp. 104. B. 

The same. London. Printed for Tho. Parkhurst. 1694. 
i2mo. pp. 144. 

The same. The Third Edition. Boston. Reprinted by S. 
Kneeland and T. Green in Queen St. pp. (4), 116. 

The same. The Fifth Edition. Boston. Reprinted by S. 
Kneeland. 1741. i2mo. 

30. A Scriptural Catechism. | | The Heads of the Chris- 
tian I Religion | Plainly, briefly, and fully delivered in a | Cate- 
chism, I Which endeavours a sufficient Answer to every | Question, 
barely with a pertinent Sentence of | Sacred Scripture, and Enables 
the Learner at | once with ease to confirm as well as assert the | 
great Articles of the Faith once delivered unto the Saints. || Boston, 
Printed by R. Pierce, for Nicholas Buttolph, at the corner Shop, 
next to Guttridg's Coffee-House. 1691. 8vo. P. 1 title; p. (2) 
X Commandments condensed into ten poetical lines; pp. 1 — 2 
headed, Lambs | Led into Green Pastures and Still Waters, | By 
a Scriptural Catechism. || Running-title, Scriptural Catechism. 

A,M. 

31. Things to be Look'd for. | | Discourses | On the 

Glorious Characters, | With Conjectures on the Speedy | Ap- 
proaches of that State, | Which is | Reserved for the Church of 
God in the | Latter Dayes. | Together with an Inculcation of 
Several | Duties, which the Undoubted Cha- | racters and Ap- 
proaches of that State | Invite us unto : | Delivered unto the Ar- 
tillery I Company of the Massachusets | Colony : New England ; 
at their | Election of Officers, for the Year 1691. || Cambridge: 
Printed by Samuel Green and Barth. Green, for Nicholas Buttolph, 



54 CLASS OF 1678. 

at Gutteridg's Coffee-House, in Boston. i2mo. pp. 83, (1). 
Running-title, "Expectanda Or Things to be Look'd for." 

G, W. 

32. The Triumphs of the Reformed Religion, | in America. I 

I The Life of the Renowned | John Eliot, | A Person justly 

Famous in the | Church of God, | Not only as an Eminent Chris- 
tian, I and an Excellent Minister, among the | English, | But also, | 
As a Memorable Evangelist among the | Indians, of New-Eng- 
land ; I With some Account concerning the late and | strange 
Success of the Gospel, in those parts | of the World, which for 
many Ages have | lain Buried in Pagan Ignorance. || Boston, 
Printed by Benjamin Harris, and John Allen, for Joseph Brun- 
ning at the corner of the Prison-Lane. 1691. 8vo. Pp. (1-5) 
[Dedication] To the Right Honourable Philip Lord Wharton ; 
pp. 1-3 The Introduction; pp. 5-152 Text. H, M, P, IV. 

Afterwards printed in Cotton Mather's Magnalia, iii. 170. 

Subsequent editions were : — 

The I Life and Death | Of The Renown'd | Mr. John Eliot, | 
Who was the | First Preacher | Of The | Gospel | To The | In- 
dians in America. | With an Account of the Wonderful Sue- j cess 
which the Gospel has had amongst the Hea- | then in that part of 
the World : And of the | many strange Customes of the Pagan 
Indians, | In New-England. || The Second Edition carefully cor- 
rected. London : Printed for John Dunton, at the Raven in the 
Poultrey. 169 1, sm. 8vo. Pp. 1—4 Dedication; pp. 1-3 The 
Introduction; pp. 4-138 The Life. y/, B, W. 

The I Life and Death | Of the Reverend | Mr. John Eliot, | 
Who was the | First Preacher | of the |, Gospel | to the | Indians 
in America. | With An Account of the Wonderful Success | which 
the Gospel has had amongst the Heathen | in that Part of the 
World : And of the many | strange Customs of the Pagan In- 
dians, I in New-England. || The Third Edition carefully Cor- 
rected. London : Printed for John Dunton, at the Raven in the 
Poultrey. 1694. i2mo. Pp. (1-5) Dedication ; pp. 1 -4 Intro- 
duction ; pp. 5-168 Text; pp. (1-6) Books lately Printed for J. 
Dunton. H. 

The same. A New Edition. London: D. Jaques. 1820. 
i8mo. pp. (4), 112. 

33. Blessed Unions, j | An Union | With the Son of God 



COTTON MATHER. 55 

by | Faith, | And, an Union | In the Church of God by | Love, | 
Importunately Pressed ; in a | Discourse | Which makes Divers 
Offers, for those Unions ; | Together with | A Copy of those Arti- 
cles, where-upon a most | Happy Union, ha's | been lately made | 
between those two Eminent Parties in | England, which have now 
Changed | the Names of Presbyterians, and | Congregationalists, 
for that of | United Brethren. || Boston, Printed by B. Green, & 
J. Allen, for Samuel Phillips, 1692. i2m,o. P. (1) To the 
Brethren Of the Church in the North Part of Boston; pp. (1-8) 
[The Dedication] To the Very Reverend Matthew Mead, John 
How, and Increase Mather; pp. 1-86 Text; pp. 1-12 Heads of 
Agreement Assented to by the United Ministers, formerly called, 
Presbyterian and Congregational. i?, //, P, IV. 

The ''Articles" are printed in the Magnalia, v. 59. 

34. Essay concerning Witchcraft. A letter to John Richards. 
Boston 31? 3™ 1692. In the Massachusetts Historical Society's 
Collections, xxxviii. 391-397. 

The author excuses himself for not being able to attend the 
Trials for Witchcraft, and gives directions how to proceed. 

35. A Midnight Cry. An Essay for our Awakening out of 
a Sinful Sleep. ... A Discourse given on a Day of Prayer, kept by 
the North-Church in Boston. Boston : Printed by John Allen 
for Samuel Phillips. 1692. i2mo. pp. 72. 

"I have ordered a Small Impression ... So that perhaps I may 
say of this Book, as the Philosopher did of his, 'Tis published, but 
Scarce made PublicL" The last page contains A Catalogue of some 
(29) other Books, all by the same Author. B. 

36. Optanda. j | Good Men Described, | and j Good 

Things propounded. | A | Serious Consideration | of | Two very 
Important Cases : | I. What should be our Spirits, | And | II. 
What should be our Studies, | That so | All Things may Go 

well among us. . . . | | . . . | | In Two Sermons ; Whereof 

One was | Preached unto the Governour, | and General Court, of 
the Pro- I vince of the Massachusetts-Bay, in New- | England ; 
at their First Session: June 9. | 1692. || Boston, Printed and Sold 
by Benjamin Harris, at the London-Coffee-House. 1692. Pp. 
(1-4) To His Excellency, Sir William Phipps, Kt. Governour of 
the Massachusetts Province, and General of New-England ; pp. 
1-99 Text. //, M. 



56 CLASS OF 1678. 



.)/ 



'J. Preparatory Meditations upon The Day of Judgment. 
Printed by Bartholomew Green for Nicholas Buttolph at the Cor- 
ner of Gutteridg's Coffee House. 1692. 

Printed with Samuel Lee's "Great Day of Judgment." 

38. The Day, and the Work of the Day. | | A Brief 

Discourse, | on [ What Fears, we may have at | This Time to 
quicken us ; | What Hopes there are for us at | This Time to 
comfort us : | And | What Prayers would be Likely to | turn our 
Fears into Hopes. | With | Reflections upon Time and State, | 
now come upon the Church | of God, | And | Collections of cer- 
tain Prophesies | relating to the Present Circum- | stances of 
New-England. | Uttered on a Fast, kept in | Boston, July 6th. 
1693. || Boston. Printed and Sold by B. Harris. 1693. nmo. 
pp. 71. Anonymous. P. 

" A Fast was kept in y c old-meeting-house y e day after y e Cofn- 
encement : occasion'd by an extreme Drought in these parts. I 
preached all the Day and God inclined some of His people, to print 
the Sermons. They are abroad, under y e Titles, The Day & y 1 
Work, of y e Day." 

39. Preface to C. Morton's Spirit of Man. Boston. 1693. 
8vo. pp. (1-4). 

"The Preface is evidently Mr. Cotton Mather's style of Phrase- 
ology." — MS. Note by T. Prince. 

40. A I True Account | of the Tryals, Examinations, | Con- 
fessions, Condemnations, | and Executions of divers | Witches, | 
At Salem, in New-England, | for | Their Bewitching of Sundry 
People and Cattel | to Death, and doing other great Mischiefs, | 
to the Ruine of many People about them. | With | The Strange 
Circumstances that attended | their Enchantments : | And | Their 
Conversations with Devils, and other | Infernal Spirits. | In a Let- 
ter to a Friend in London. || London. Printed for J. Conyers, in 
Holbourn [1693]. 4?o. pp. 8. Anonymous. 

Signed "M. C," and dated "Salem 8th. Moneth, 1692." 

41. Unum Necessarium. | | Awakenings | For The | Un- 

regenerate. | Or | The Nature and Necessity | Of | Regeneration. | 
Handled in a | Discourse designed for the Service of | any that may 
be thereby assisted in the | Grand Concern of Conversion | unto 
God •, but especially the | Rising Generation. | With an Addition 
of some other Sermons relating | to that important Subject. || Bos- 



COTTON MATHER. 57 

ton. Printed by B. H. for Duncan Campbell, Bookseller at the 
Dockhead over against the Conduit. 1693. sm. 8vo. or i6mo. 
pp. (4), 161. B, IV. 

42. Warnings from the Dead. | | Or | Solemn Admoni- 
tions I Unto I All People ; | but Especially unto | Young Persons | 
to Bewa&e | Of such Evils as would bring j them to the Dead. | . . . | 
In Two Discourses, | Occasioned by a Sentence of Death, | Exe- 
cuted on some Unhappy Ma- | lefactors. Together with the | Last 
Confession, made by a | Young Woman, who Dyed on June | 8. 
1693. One of these Malefactors. || Boston in New-England. 
Printed by Bartholomew Green, for Samuel Phillips. 1693. i2mo. 
pp. 67. M. 

" I had often wished for an Opportunity to bear my Testimonies, 
against y e Sins of Uncleanness, wherein so many of my generacon 
do pollute themselves. A Young Woman of Haverhil, (and a 
Negro Woman also of this Town) were under sentence of Death 
for y e murdering of their Bastard-children. Many & many a weary 
Hour, did I spend, in y e prison, to serve y L ' Souls of those miserable 
Creatures ; & I had often opportunities in my own Congregation, 
to speak to them, & from them, to vast multitudes of others. 
Their execution, was ordered to have been, upon y e Lecture of 
another, but by a very strange providence, without any seeking 
of mine, or any Respect to mee (that I know of) the order for their 
Execution was altered, & it fell on my Lecture Day. I did then, 
w th y e Special Assistence of Heaven, make and preach, a Sermon 
upon, Job. 36. 14. Whereat one of y e Greatest Assemblies, ever 
known in these parts of y e world, was come together. I had ob- 
tained from y e young woman, a pathetical Instrument, in writing, 
wherein she own'd her own miscarriages, & warn'd the Rising Gen- 
eracon of Theirs. Towards y e close of my Sermon, I read that In- 
strument unto y e Congregation ; & made what use, was proper of it. 
I accompanied the wretches, to their Execution. . . . The Sermon 
which was imediately printed ; w th another w ch I had formerly 
uttered on the Like occasion [entitled, Warnings from y e Dead] ; 
h it was greedily bought up ; I hope to y e attainment of y° Ends, 
w ch I had so Long desired." 

"'Twas afterwards reprinted at London." 

43. Winter-Meditations. | | Directions | How to employ 

the Liesure of the | Winter | For the Glory of God. [ Accompa- 



58 CLASS OF 1678. 

nied with Reflections, as well Historical, | as Theological, not only 
upon the | Circumstances of the [ Winter, ] But also, upon the 
Notable Works of God, | Both in, | Creation, and Providence : | 
Especially those, which more immediately Con- | cern every Par- 
ticular Man, in the whole course | of his Life : | And upon the 
Religious Works, wherewith e- | very Man should acknowledge 
God, in and | from the Accidents of the Winter. || With a Preface 
of the Reverend Mr. John Higginson. Boston. Printed and Sold 
by Benj. Harris, over-against the Old-Meeting-House. 1693. 
8vo. Pp. (1-3) To the Right Worshipfull Sir John Hartop ; pp. 
(1-5) To the Reader, Salem Octob. 5, 1693. John Higginson; 
pp. (1-6) The Introduction; pp. 1-82 Winter-Meditations. 

5, P, W. 

44. The Wonders of the Invisible World. | | Observa- 
tions I As well Historical as Theological, upon the Nature, the | 
Number, and the Operations of the | Devils. | Accompany'd with, | 

I. Some Accounts of the Grievous Molestations, by Das- | mons 
and Witchcrafts, which have lately | annoy'd the Countrey ; | and 
the Trials of some eminent | Malefactors Executed upon occasion 
thereof: with several | Remarkable Curiosities therein occurring. | 

II. Some Counsils, Directing a due Improvement of the ter- | 
rible things, lately done, by the Unusual & Amazing | Range of 
Evil Spirits, in Our Neighbourhood : & | the methods to prevent 
the Wrongs which those Evil | Angels may intend against all sorts 
of people among us ; | especially in Accusations of the Innocent. | 

III. Some Conjectures upon the great Events, likely | to befall, 
the World in General, and New-En- | gland in Particular ; as 
also upon the Advances of | the Time, when we shall see Better 
Dayes. | IV. A short Narrative of a late Outrage committed by 
a I knot of Witches in Swedeland, very much Resem- | bling, and 
so far Explaining, That under which our parts | of America have 
laboured ! | V. The Devil Discovered : In a Brief Discourse upon | 
those Temptations, which are the more Ordinary Devices, ] of the 
Wicked One. || Boston. Printed by Benj. Harris for Sam. Phil- 
lips. 1693. sm. 8vo. pp. (31), 151, (1) 32. The first 31. 
pages contain "The Authors Defence," and "Enchantments En- 
countred." P. 

45. The Wonders of the Invisible World : | Being an Account 
of the I Tryals | of | Several Witches | Lately Executed in | New- 



COTTON MATHER. 



59 



England : | And of several Remarkable Curiosities | therein Oc- 
curring. | I • • • Published by the Special Command of his 

Excellency the Governour of the Province of the Massachusetts- 
Bav in New-England. The Second Edition. Printed first at 
Boston in New-England, and reprinted at London, for John Dun- 
ton at the Raven in the Poultrey. 1693. 4to. Pp. (1-2) The 
Author's Defence ; p. (1) Demanding Justice ; pp. 9-15 Enchant- 
ments Encounter'd ; pp. 17-62 Text. 5, H. 

The same. In the title, after " Occurring " add, Together with, | 
I. Observations upon the Nature, the Number, and the Opera- 
tions of the Devils. | II. A Short Narrative of a late outrage 
committed by a knot of Witches in | Swede-Land, very much re- 
sembling, and so far explaining, that under which | New England 
has laboured. | III. Some Councels directing a due Improvement 
of the Terrible things lately | done by the unusual and amazing 
Range of Evil-Spirits in New-England. | IV. A brief Discourse 
upon those Temptations which are the more ordinary Devi- | ces 
of Satan. | | Published by the Special Command of his Ex- 
cellency the Governour of the Province of the Massachusetts-Bay 
in New-England. Printed first, at Boston in New-England ; and 
Reprinted at London, for John Dunton, at the Raven in the 
Poultry. 1693. 4-to. Pp. (1 -2) The Author's Defence; p. (3) 
Approbation by William Stoughton ; p. (4) Demanding justice ; 
pp. 5-17 Enchantments Encounter'd; pp. 2-51 Text; pp. 51- 
98 The Devil Discovered. H. 

The same. The Third Edition. Printed first at Boston in 
New England, and reprinted at London, for John Dunton, at the 
Raven in the Poultrey. 1693. 4to. [Much abridged.] Pp. 
1-2) The Author's Defence; p. (1) Approbation by William 
Stroughton ; p. (1) Demanding justice ; pp. 9-14 Enchantments 
Encounter'd ; pp. 15-64 The Wonders of the Invisible World; 
pp. (1-4) Books now in the Press, and going to it, Printed for 
John Dunton, at the Raven in the Poultry. H. 

The same. To which is added | A further Account of the 
Tryals of the | New-England Witches. | By Increase Mather, 
DD. I President of Harvard College. || London, John Russell 
Smith, Soho Square. 1862. cr. 8vo. pp. xvi, 291. A, H. 

46. Early Religion, | Urged in a | Sermon, | Upon | The Du- 
ties Wherein, j And the Reasons Wherefore, | Young People, j 

[ March 26, 1883. 1 



60 CLASS OF 1678. 

Should Become | Religious. | Whereto are Added, | The Extracts 
of several Papers, Written | by several Persons, who here Dying 
in their | Youth, left behind them these Admonitions for | the 
Young Survivers ; with brief Memoirs rela- | ting to the Exem- 
plary Lives of some such, | that have gone hence to their | Ever- 
lasting Rest. || Boston, Printed, by B. H. for Michael Perry, under 
the West-End of the Town-House 1694. 8vo. Pp. 1-117 
Text ; p. (1) A Catalogue of some other Books. All by this 
Author. M. 

47. The Short History of New-England. | | A | Reca- 
pitulation I of I Wonderful Passages | Which have Occur'd, | 
First in the Protections, and | then in the Afflictions, of j New- 
England. [ With a I Representation | Of Certain Matters calling 
for the I Singular Attention of that Country. | Made at Boston 
Lecture, in the Audience | of the Great and General Assembly | 
of the Province of the Massachu- | sett-Bay, June 7. 1694. || Boston : 
Printed by B. Green for S. Phillips. 1694. sm. 8vo or i6mo. 
pp. 67. Running-title, "Memorable Passages relating to New- 
England." W. 

48. Batteries upon the Kingdom | of the Devil. | | Sea- 
sonable I Discourses | upon | Some Common, but Woful, | In- 
stances, I Wherein | Men Gratifie the Grand Enemy of | their 
Salvation. || London. Printed for Nath. Hiller. 1695. sm. 8vo. 
Pp. (1-4) To my Worthy Nephew, Mr. Cotton Mather. Lon- 
don Dec. 15, 1693 ; and pp. 1—6 To the Reader, signed Nathaniel 
Mather; pp. (2) Contents; pp. 1-42 Sacred Exorcisms : 'Or, 
The Care and Cure of Persons Possessed by the Devil (alluding, 
page 21, to cases "we have seen" of "bodily molestations by 
Evil Spirits ") ; pp. 43-65 The Dumb Devil cast out ; pp. 67-94 
The Stage-player unmasked; pp. 95-116 The Door of Hope; 
pp. 1 17- 141 Honey at the end of the Rod; pp. 143-17*1 The 
Golden Curb; pp. 173-192 Appendix. The Great Ambition of 
a Good Christian. B. 

Taken from a list of Books printed by Nath. Hiller of London, 
Appended to Isaac Chauncy's Discourse published in 1697. H. 

49. Brontologia Sacra : | | The | Voice | of the | Glorious 

God I in the | Thunder : | Explained and Applyed | In a Sermon 
uttered [Sept. 12. 1694.] by a Minister of the Go- | spel in a Lec- 
ture unto an Assembly of Chri- | stians abroad, at the very same 



COTTON MATHER. 6 1 

time when | the Thunder was by the Permission and | Providence 
of God falling upon his own [ House at home. | Whereto are 
added | Some Reflections formed on [Sept. 16. 1694] the Lords- 
Day following I by the Voices of Thunders, upon the great things | 

which the great God is now a doing in the World. | | A 

Discourse useful for all Men at all times, but especi- | ally -intended 
for an Entertainment in the Hours of j Thunder. || London, 
Printed by John Astwood. 1695. sm. 8vo. pp. (2), 38. Anony- 
mous. M, TV. 

The same. In the Magnalia, vi. 14. 

50. Durable Riches. | | Two Brief | Discourses, | Occa- 
sioned I By the Impoverishing Blast of Hea- J ven, which the 
Undertakings of | Men, both by Sea and Land, | have met withal. | 
The One handling The true | Cause of Loosing ; | The other, 
giving, The true | Way of Thriving. || Boston, Printed by John 
Allen, for Vavasour Harris, and are to be Sold at his Shop over 
against the Old Meeting-House. 1695. i2mo. P. (1) Preface; 
pp. 1-33 The True Cause of Loosing ; pp. 1 -34 The True Way 
of Thriving; p. (1) [citations]; p. (1) Advertisement. 

A, B, H, M, P. 
The same. Boston. 1715. nmo. 

51. Help for Distressed Parents. Offered at the Lecture in 
Boston, 14. d. 12. m. 1694. Boston. 1695. sm. 8vo. pp. 62, 
(2). M. 

52. Johannes in Eremo. | | Memoirs, Relating to the | 

Lives, I Of the | Ever Memorable, | Mr. John Cotton, | Who 
Dyed, 23 d. 10. m. 1652. [pp. 1-80.] | Mr. John Norton | Who 
Dyed 5. d. 2. m. 1663. [pp. 1-39.] | John Wilson, | Who Dyed 
7. d. 6. m. 1667. [Memoria Wilsoniana, pp. 1-46.] | Mr. John 
Davenport, | Who Dyed 15. d. 1. m. 1670 [Chrysostomus Nov- 
Anglorum, pp. 1-30], | Reverend and Renowned Ministers of 
the I Gospel, All, in the more Immediate Service | of One Church, 
in Boston; | And | Mr. Thomas Hooker, [ Who Dyed, y.d. 5. m. 
1647. I Pastor of the Church at Hartford; New-England. || [Bos- 
ton] Printed for and sold by Michael Perry, at his Shop, under the 
West End of the Town-House. 1695. P. (2) Sources of Infor- 
mation, and Errata; pp. 3-12 To the Reader. Boston, New- 
England, May. 16. 1695. Increase Mather; pp. 13-27 The 
Introduction. Cotton Mather; pp. 28-32 A Scheme of his 



62 CLASS OF 1678. 

Church-History of New England ; pp. 80, 39, 46, 30 The Lives ; 

pp. 1-45 Piscator Evangelicus. | | Or, | The Life of | Mr. 

Thomas Hooker, | The Renowned, Pastor of Hartford-Church, | 
and I Pillar of Connecticut-Colony, | in | New-England. || Printed 
in the Year 1695. 8vo or i6mo. P. (1) To the Churches in the 
Colony of Connecticut; pp. 3-4 Life of Thomas Hooker; pp. 
1-2 Catalogue of some other Books by Cotton Mather. 

A, B, H, M, W. 
The same. In Cotton Mather's Magnalia, iii. 8. 

53. Memoria Wilsoniana | | Or, | Some Dues | Unto | 

The Memory of the | Truly | Reverend Si Renowned | Mr. John 
Wilson, I The First | Pastor of Boston : Who Expired August. 7. 
1667. Aged, 79. || Printed for and Sold by Michael Perry at his 
Shop under the West-End of the Town-House in Boston, in N. E. 
1695. 8vo. P. (1) To Edward Bromfield Esq.; pp. 46. 

See also No. 52. M, TV. 

54. Observanda. | | The | Life and Death | Of the Late, | 

O. Mary. | Prefaced, with some Observations | upon the Turns 
of Divine | Providence, now bringing of | mighty Changes, upon 
the I World. | Whereto is added, | The Address of Condolence, | 
made unto His Majesty, | by the Nonconformist Ministers, | on 
the Decease of that | Illustrious Queen. || Boston in N. E. 
Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Phillips, at the Brick Shop near 
the Old Meeting-House. 1695. 8vo. Pp. 3-31 Observable 
Turns of Providence ; pp. 32-49 Dues Paid unto the Memory of 
Q. Mary ; pp. 50-52 The Address of Condolence to His Majesty 
By the Dissenting Ministers; pp. 53-56 Postscript. For the 
Entertainment of the Reader, the Bookseller has been willing here 
to add, the manner of the Queens Funeral Whitchal, A4arch 5th. 
1694. M. 

55. Piscator Evangelicus. | | Or, | The Life of | Mr. 

Thomas Hooker, | The Renowned | Pastor of Hartford-Church, | 
and I Pillar of Connecticut-Colony, | in | New-England. || [Bos- 
ton] Printed [for Michael Perry] in the Year 1695. At the end 
is a catalogue of thirty-four titles of Books by Cotton Mather. 

See also No. 52. B. 

56. Seven Select Lectures, | | Or, | Seasonable Discourses | 

upon I Some Common but Woful Distem- | pers, wherein men 
gratify the | Grand Enemy of their Salvation ; And, upon, | The 



COTTON MATHER. 63 

Remedies of those Distempers. | By a Singular Providence of God, | 
Preserved from the Hands of the j French, whereinto they were 
fallen, | and now Published, by an English | Gentleman who provi- 
dentially litt I upon them. || London, Printed for Nath. Hiller, at 
the Princes Arms, in Leaden-Hall-Street, over against St. Mary 
Axe. 1695. Pp. (1—6) The Epistle Dedicatory To my Worthy 
Nephew Mr. Cotton Mather signed London, Dec. 15. 1693. 
Nath. Mather. ; pp. (1-6) To the Reader, signed Nath. Mather. ; 
pp. (1-2) Contents; pp. 1-42 Sacred Exorcisms; pp. 43-65 
The dumb Devil cast out ; pp. 67-94 The Stage-player un- 
masked ; pp. 95- 1 16 The Door of Hope ; pp. 117- 141 Honey at 
the End of the Rod; pp. 143-171 The Golden Curb; pp. 173 — 
192 Appendix. H. 

57. The Christian Thank-Offering. A Brief Discourse . . . 
on Rom. 12. 1. Made on a Solemn Thanksgiving, kept in a Private 
Meeting of Christians, on the Occasion of some Deliverance. 
Boston : Printed by B. Green & J. Allen, for Michael Perry. 
1696. 8vo. pp. 32. B. 

A versified paraphrase of the 103d Psalm, by Mather, is prefixed. 

58. "Cry against Opression : Serm on Prov. 11. 26. — io hr 
19.95." Boston, 1696. pp. 30. P*. 

59. A Good Master well-Served. | | A Brief Discourse 

[a Tit. ii. 9, 10 \ 1 Tim. vi. 1, 2. Eph. v. 5-8. &c] | On the 
Necessary | Properties & Practices | Of a Good Servant | In every- 
kind of Servitude : And of the j Methods that should be taken by 
the I Heads of a Family, to Obtain such | a Servant. || Boston in 
New-England. Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen, 1696. sm. 
8vo or i6mo. pp. 55 ; p. (56) Advertisement. 

60. Great Examples of Judgment and Mercy ; with Memorables 
occurring in the Sufferings of Captives among the Indians. 1696. 

S. 

61. Things for a Distrcss'd People to think upon. Offered in 
the Sermon to the General Assembly of the Province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bav, at the Anniversary Election, May 27. 1696. 
Wherein, I. The Condition of the Future, as well as the Former 
Times, in which we are concern'd is Considered. II. A Narra- 
tive of the late Wonderful Deliverance, of the King, and the three 
Kingdoms & all the English Dominions is Endeavoured. III. A 
Relation, of no less than Seven Miracles, within this little while 



64 CLASS OF 1678. 

wrought by the Almighty Lord Jesus Christ, for the Confirmation 
of our Hopes, that some Glorious Works for the welfare of this 
Church, are quickly to be done, is annexed. || Boston in N. E. 
Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen, for Duncan Campbel at his 
Shop over-against the Old Meeting House. 1696. i2mo. pp. 
86. B, W. 

62. Ecclesiastes. | | The Life | of the | Reverend & Ex- 
cellent, I Jonathan Mitchel ; [ A Pastor of the Church, | and | A 
Glory of the Colledge, | in | Cambridge, New-England, || Massa- 
chuset ; Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen. Sold at the Book- 
sellers Shops in Boston. 1697. sm. 8vo. Pp. 3-32 The Epistle 
Dedicatory. To the Church at Cambridge in New-England, and to 
the Students of the Colledge there. May 7. 1697. Increase Ma- 
ther ; pp. 33-1 1 1 Text; p. (1) Advertisement. y/, i?, //, IV. 

63. Faith at Work. | | A | Brief and Plain | Essav, | Upon 

certain Articles of the Gospel, | most Necessary to be understood | 
by every Christian : to wit, | The Nature, the Order, | and the 
Necessity | of the | Good Works, | by which | The Faith of a 
Christian is | to be Evidenced. || Boston in New-England, Printed 
by B. Green, and J. Allen. 1697. sm. 8vo. pp. 23. Anony- 
mous. H. 

64. Gospel for the Poor. Boston. 1697. sm. 8vo. S. 

65. Humiliations followed with Deliverances, [a Serm. a 2 Chr. 
12. 7.] With an Appendix containing a Narrative of Wonderful 
Passages relating to the Captivity and Deliverance of Hannah 
Swarton. Boston: Printed by Joseph Wheeler. 1697. i2mo. 
pp. 72. Anonymous. i?, P*. 

The "Narrative" is also printed in the Magnalia, vi. 10. 

66. Pietas in Patriam : | | The | Life | of His | Excel- 
lency J Sir William Phips, Knt., | Late Captain General, and 
Governour | in Chief of the Province of the Massachu- [ set-Bay, | 
New England. | Containing the Memorable Changes Under- | 

gone, and Actions Performed by Him. | | Written by one 

intimately acquainted with Him. | | Discite Virtutem ex 

Hoc, Verumque Laborem. || London : Printed by Sam. Bridge in 
Austin Friers, for Nath. Hiller at the Princes-Arms in Leaden- 
Hall Street, over-against St. Mary-Ax. 1697. sm. 8vo. P. (1) 
Commendation; pp. (1-4) The Epistle Dedicatory, To his Ex- 
cellency the Earl of Bellomont. April 27. 1697. Nath. Mather; 



COTTON MATHER. 65 

pp. (1-4) The Contents of the Sections; pp. I-IIO The Life; 
pp. 1-6 Lines upon his Death; pp. (1-2) Books printed for Na- 
thaniel Hiller. Anonymous. d, i?, M. 

Calef remarks that Mather wrote this book anonymously, in 
order to praise himself. 

A second edition appears to have been printed in 1699. 

The same. In C. Mather's Magnalia, ii. 35. 

67. The Songs of the Redeemed: A Book of Hymns. 1697. 
sm. 8vo. S. 

68. Terribilia Dei. Remarkable Judgments of God, on several 
Sorts of Offenders, in several Scores of Instances ; among the 
People of New-England. Observed, Collected, Related, and Im- 
proved ; In Two Sermons, at Boston-Lecture in the Month of 
July, 1697. [a Psalm. 119. 120.] Boston: Printed by B. Green. 
1697. 8vo. 

The same. In Magnalia, vi. 23. 

69. The Thoughts of a Dying Man. A Faithful Report of 
Matters uttered by many, in the Last Minutes of their Lives. 
Boston: Printed by B. Green & J. Allen, for J. Wheeler. 1697. 
i2mo. pp. 47, (1). Anonymous. B. 

70. The Way to Excel. | | Meditations, | Awakened by 

the Death of | the Reverend | Mr. Joshua Moodey ; | With some 
short Character | of that j Eminent Person: | Who slept in Jesus, 
4 d. 5 m. 1697 j In the Sixty-fifth year of his Age. || Boston in 
N. E. Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen. 1697. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. pp. 32. M. 

71. The Bostonian Ebenezer. | Some | Historical Remarks, | 
On the State of | Boston. | The Chief Town of New-England, | 
and of the English America. | With Some, | Agreeable Methods, j 
for [ Preserving and Promoting, the Good | State of That, as well 
as any | other Town, in the like Circumstances. | Humbly OfFer'd, 
By a Native of Boston. || Boston, Printed by B. Green & J. Allen, 
for Samuel Phillips. 1698. i2mo. pp. 82. Anonymous. 

The same. At Boston Lecture, 7. d. 2. m. 1698. In C. Ma- 
ther's Magnalia, i. 30. 

I. Mather gives as the title, "The Bostonian Ebenezer; with 
a Lecture on Household Religion." 

u yd 2 m Thursday [1698] The Lord having Helped mee, beyond 
my Expectation, in preparing a Discourse for v e Lecture, Hee yett 

VOL. III. ^ [April 4. 1883] 



66 CLASS OF 1678. 

more gloriously Helped mee, in uttering of it, unto a Vast Assembly 
of His people. 

"I first Laid my sinful mouth, in y e Dust on my study-floor 
before the Lord, where I cast myself, in my supplications for His 
Assistence and Acceptance, as utterly unworthy thereof. But y e 
Lord made my sinful mouth, to become this Day, y e Trumpett of 
His glory ; and y e Hearts of y e Inhabitants of y e Town, were 
strangely moved, by what was delivered among them. 

"A copy of the Discourse was much desired ; so I gave it unto 
y e Bookseller ; Entituling it, The Bostonian Ebenezer. And 
I added another unto it, Entituled Houshold Religion." 

72. Eleutheria : | Or, | An Idea of the Reformation | in [ Eng- 
land : I And | A History of Non-Conformity in | and since that 
Reformation. | With Predictions of a more glorious | Reformation 
and Revolution at | hand. Written in the year 1696. | Mostly 
compiled and maintain'd from unex- | ceptionable Writings of 
Conformable Di- | vines in the Church of England. | To which is 
added, | The Conformists Reasons for joining with the | Non- 
conformists in Divine Worship. | By another Hand. || London : 
Printed for J. R. and Sold by Sam. Phillips Bookseller at Boston 
in New-England. 1698. 8vo. Pp. iii-iv The Publisher to the 
Reader; pp. (2-3) To the Bookseller; pp. 3- 115 A History of 
Reformation and Nonconformity; pp. 1 15- 135 The Conformists 
Reasons for joining the Nonconformists. Anonymous. A, M. 

There is also a title-page with " London : Printed for J. R. and 
sold by A. Baldwin in Warwick-lane. 1698." M. 

"3d, 3 m. 1698, Having Written w th Exceeding Pains, ... I 
now sent the Manuscript, (Anonymous) by y e Hand of my Brother- 
in-Law, to a Bookseller in London ; and if it bee published, I have 
a Secret Hope, that it will much affect y e affayrs of y e Church, in 
y e Changes that are approaching. In this Treatise, because I dis- 
tinguish the Friends of the Reformation, by the name of Eleutheri- 
ans, (while I call its Foes Idumaans,) for the Causes there assigned, 
I therefore entituled y e Book Eleutheria. . . . i d io m There 
comes to my Hand, my, Eleutheria, . . . published at London, with 
Circumstances, w ch give mee to see, a Special Care of y e Holy Angels 
concerning it. and I beleeve, it will have some Notable effect on 
y e English Nation." 

73. A Good Man making a Good End. | | The Life and 



COTTON MATHER. 6j 

Death, | of the Reverend | Mr. John Baily, | Comprised and Ex- 
pressed | in a | Sermon, | On the Day of his Funeral. | Thursday, 
16. d. 10. mo. 1697. || Boston in N. E. Printed by B. Green, and 
J. Allen, for Michael Perry, at his Shop, under the West End of 
the Town-House. 1698. 8vo. Pp. (1), 88. Running-titles, 
pp. 3-57 A Good Man making a Good End; pp. 58-88 The 
Character of a Christian. A. 

74. Mens Sana in Corpore Sano, or A Discourse [lately uttered 
at Boston Lecture, after that a great part of y e Town, as well as 
myself had Recovered from o r Late Illness]. Boston: Printed by 
B. Green and J. Allen. 1698. i2mo. pp. 68. 

Title taken from the author's Manuscript Diary. 

75. A Pastoral | Letter | to the | English | Captives, | in | Af- 
rica. I I From New-England. || Boston, Printed by B. Green, 

and J. Allen, in the year. 1698. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 16. 
Anonymous. H. 

"I Considered, That wee had many of o r poor Friends, fallen 
into y e Hands of the Turks and Moors^ and languishing under an 
horrible Slavery in Salle. . . . Wherefore, I wrote to these Dis- 
tressed people, a Letter ... I took some Care to print many Copies 
of this Large Letter, that so it might bee, by diverse opportunities, 
y e more certainly conveyed unto them. I entituled it A Pastoral 
Letter, to the English Captives in Africa." 

76. Preface, pp. 3-4, to J. Belcher's Artillery Election Sermon. 
1698. M. 

77. Decennium Luctuosum. | An | History | of | Remarkable 
Occurrences, | In the Long | War, | which | New-England hath 
had with the | Indian Salvages, | From the Year 1688. | to the 
Year 1698. | Faithfully Composed and Improved. || Boston: 
Printed by B. Green & J. Allen, for Samuel Phillips. 1699. 8vo. 
pp. 254. B. 

After page 198, a second title-page: "Observable Things. | 
The I History | of | Ten Years | Rolled away under the great | 
Calamities of | A War, | with | Indian Salvages : | Repeated and 
Improved, in a Sermon, | at Boston-Lecture. 27 d. 7 m. 1698." || 
Boston : Printed for Samuel Phillips, at the Brick Shop. 1699. 
Anonymous. 

The same. The Second Edition. In Cotton Mather's Mag- 
nalia. 1702. vii. 57. 



68 CLASS OF 1678. 

Another edition. In Increase Mather's History, edited by Sam- 
uel Gardner Drake. 1862. 

"In the Month of August, I sett myself to Consider on Some 
Further & Special Services for the Name of my Lord Jesus Christ. 
And I foresaw a very Comprehensive One to be done, first, in 
Collecting and Improving the observable Dispensations of God, w ch 
have occurred, in the Long War, which wee have had with o r In- 
dian Salvages, & uttering my Observations, in a Sermon or Two, 
at our Countrey-Lecture : And, then, in composing as agreeable an 
History of o r Indian War as I can, and Incorporating into it, as 
charming & useful entertainments for y e Countrey, as I may think 
upon : so, Resigning myself up to y e Conduct of the Spirit of 
Grace, I sett about y e Service thus before mee ; hoping within 
a (ew weeks time, in y e midst of my other undertakings, to di- 
spatch it, for y e glory of my Heavenly Lord. 

"The work, being accomplished, I putt upon it, the Title of 
Decennium Luctuosum. It is filled with a great Variety of 
Things, contrived as well as I can together, for y e Glory of my 
Lord Jesus Christ, and the welfare of the people throughout y e 
Land. 

"O my God, I exxeedingly give Thanks to thy Name, for the 
Help thou hast given mee, in Dispatching this work ! " 

78. The Faith of the Fathers. | | Or, | The Articles of 

the I True Religion, | All of them Exhibited | In the Express 
Words of the | Old Testament. | Partly, | To Confirm those who 
do profess that Reli- | gion of God, and His Messiah. | But 
Chiefly, | To Engage the Jewish Nation, unto | the Religion of 
their Patriarchs; | And, Bring down the Hearts of the Fathers 
into I the Children, and the Disobedient unto the | Wisdom of the 
Just ; and so, To make Ready | a People prepared for the Lord. || 
Boston in New-England. Printed by B. Green, Sc J. Allen, 
1699. 8vo. pp. 24. A, B, H, M, P. 

79. A Family Well-Ordered. | | Or | An Essay | To 

Render | Parents and Children | Happy in one another. | Handling 
Two very Important | Cases. | I. What are the Duties to be done 
by Pi- I ous Parents, for the promoting of Pie- | ty in their Chil- 
dren. I II. What are the Duties that must be | paid by Children 
to their Parents, | that they may obtain the Blessings of | the Du- 
tiful. || Boston, Printed by B. Green, & J. Allen, for Michael 



COTTON MATHER. 69 

Perry, at his Shop over against the Town-House : & Benjamin 
Eliot, at his Shop under the West-End of the Town-House. 1699. 
i2mo. pp. 3-37 The Duties of Parents to their Children; pp. 
38-79 The Duties of Children to their Parents; pp. (1-5) An 
Address Ad Fratres in Eremo. P, IV. 

80. La Fe | del Christiano : | En | Veyntequarto Articulos | de 
la Institucion de Christo. | Embiada | a los Espanoles, | Paraque 
abran sus ojos, y paraque se | Conviertan de las Tinieblas a la 
luz, [ y de la potestad de Satanas a Dios : | Paraque reciban por la 
Fe que es en | Jesu Christo, Remission de | peccados, y Suerte 
Entre los Sanctificados. || Boston. 1699. sc l- ^vo or Iomo ' pp. 
1-16. //, W. 

81. An History, | of Some | Impostors, | Remarkably and 
Seasonably detected, in | the Churches of New England ; Written | 
to maintain the Advice Published by | some of the Pastors in those 
Churches [ relating to Impostures, and prevent all | future Mis- 
chiefs from them. || i6mo. | [Boston December 28. 1699] pp. 79, 
(1). This title is on page 11, the copy being imperfect. C. M.'s 
name appears on page 52. Running-title pp. 53-79 is "Some- 
thing to be known by all the Churches." A, M. 

82. Pillars of Salt. | | An History [Made, Novemb. 17. 

1698, at Boston-Lecture] | Of Some | Criminals Executed in 
this Land, | For | Capital Crimes. | With some of their Dying 
Speeches ; | Collected and Published, | For the Warning of such 
as Live in | Destructive Courses of Ungodliness. | Whereto is 
added, | For the better Improvement of this History, | A Brief 
Discourse about the Dreadful | Justice of God, in Punishing of | 
Sin, with Sin. || Boston in New-England. Printed by B. Green 
h J. Allen for Samuel Phillips. 1699. sm. 8vo. pp. n. 
Anonymous. TV. 

The same. In Cotton Mather's Magnalia, vi. 37. 

The author writes : " 20 d 8™ Thursday. Because I foresaw, that 
before my Next Lecture, the whole countrey would bee entertained 
with a Tragical Instance of a young woman, who was to come upon 
her Trial y e next week, for Murdering her Baseborn child, I now 
began to discrse, on Rom. i. 28 — Handling y e Case, of Gods pun- 
ishing for some sins, by Leaving them to more. Intending a monthly 
lecture if y e L d please to Finish what I now began, & make y e Sad 
Examples before y c Countrey, particularly subservient unto my 
Design. " 



70 CLASS OF 1678. 

"i7 d 9 m 1698. The execution of y e miserable malefactor, was 
ordered for to have been the last week, upon the [Thursday] Lec- 
ture of another. . . . The General Court then sitting ordered y e Lec- 
ture to bee held in a Larger and a Stronger House, than that old one 
where tis usually kept. For my own part I was weak, and Faint, 
and Spent ; but I humbly gave myself up to y e Spirit of my Heav- 
enly Lord, and Hee Assured mee, that Hee would send His good 
Angel to Strengthen mee. The greatest Assembly, ever in this 
Countrey preach'd unto, was now come together. It may bee 
Four or Five Thousand Souls. I could not gett unto y e pulpit, 
but by climbing over pues and Heads : and there the Spirit of my 
dearest Lord came upon mee. I preach'd with a more than ordi- 
nary Assistance, and Enlargemt, and uttered the most Awakening 
Things, for near Two Hours together. My Strength and Voice 
failed not ; but when it was near failing, a silent Look to Heaven 
strangely Renew'd it. In y e whole I found prayer Answered and 
Hope exceeded ; and faith encouraged, and y e Lord using mee, y e 
vilest in all that great Assembly to glorify Him. 

"Oh ! what shall I render to y e Lord ! 

"The Sermon, I gave to the Bookseller, and annexed thereunto, 
an History of Criminals executed in this Land, and especially, an 
Account of their Dying Speeches, and of my Disc r ses with them 
in their Last Hours ; Hoping to warn others against Vice, by an 
History thus accomodated unto the purpose. I entituled the Book 
Pillars of Salt." 

83. La Religion pura ; | En Doze | Palabras Fieles, y dignas 
de I ser recibidas de Todos. || Being pp. 10-16 of La Fe del Chris- 
tiano, No. 80. H. 

"Understanding that y e way for o r comunication with the Span- 
ish Indies, opens more and more, I sett myself to Learn the Spanish 
Language. ... A few Liesure minutes in y e Evening of Every Day, 
in about a Fortnight, or Three weeks Time, so accomplished mee, 
I could write very good Spanish. Accordingly I composed a little 
Body of y e Protestant Religion, in Certain Articles, back'd w th irre- 
sistible Sentences of Scripture. This I turn'd into the Spanish 
Tongue ; and am now perusing it, with a Design to send it by all 
the wayes that I can, into the several parts of the Spanish America ; 
as not knowing, hoiv greaj a matter a little Fire may kindle, or, 
whether y e Time for o r Lord Jesus Christ to have glorious 



COTTON MATHER. 7 I 

Churches in America, bee not at hand. The title of my Com- 
posure is, La Religion pura, en Doze palabras Fieles, y dignas de 
Ser recebidas de Todos." 

84. The Religious Marriner. 1699. S*. 

85. The Serious Christian : | | Or, | Three Great Points | 

of I Practical Christianity | I. The Great Care of a Christian. | 
Or, What is the Care of Heart, which every | Christian should 
use, for the Keeping of his | Heart ? | II. The Faithful Steward : | 
Or, What are our Talents, and what the | Methods, by which we 
may come to give a | Good Account of our Talents ? | III. Sacred 
Archery : | Or, what may be said, for the Direction | and Incour- 

agement of those Prayers, which | we call Ejaculatory ? | [ In 

Three Brief Discourses. | | By an American. || London, 

Printed by Benj. Harris, and are to be Sold by most Booksellers. 
1699. i2mo. Pp. (1-2) The Epistle to the Reader. Daniel 
Burgess; pp. i-n6Text. Anonymous. P. 

86. Thirty | Important Cases, | Resolved | With Evidence of j 
Scripture | and | Reason. | [Mostly,] By Several Pastors of Adja- 
cent Churches, | meeting in Cambridge, | New-England. | [With 
some other memorable matters.] | Now Published for j General 
Benefit. || Boston in New-England. Printed by Bartholomew 
Green, & John Allen. Sold at the Book-sellers Shops. 1699. 
sm. 8vo. Pp. 3-6 Advertisement. Cotton Mather, who edits the 
book; pp. 7-78 The Text, pp. 77-78 being a Declaration of 
Ministers from Divers parts of the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay, Assembled at Boston, May 27, 1697 ; p. (79) Errata. 

B, //, M, P. 

87. A Cloud of Witnesses — against Balls and Dances. "Un- 
cert" as to y e year, but guess'd about 1700 & no doubt by Mr. C. 
Mather." " P*. 

88. A Defence of Evangelical Churches. 1700. £*. 

89. The Everlasting Gospel. | | The Gospel of | Justifi- 
cation I By the I Righteousness of God; | As 'tis | Held and 
Preach'd in the Churches j of New-England : Expressed in | a 
Brief Discourse on that | Important Article; Made at Boston | in 
the Year 1699. | | By Cotton Mather. | | And, | As- 
serted with the Attestations, of | several Reverend and Eminent | 
Persons, now most con- | siderable in those j Churches. || Boston, 
Prin/ed by B. Green, and J. Allen, for Nicholas Buttolph, and 



72 CLASS OF 1678. 

Sold at his Shop at the corner of Gutteridges Coffee-House. 1700. 
i2mo. P. (1) The Memorable Words of Luther, before he en- 
gaged in the Reformation; pp. (1 — 1 5) The Dedication. To The 
Reverend Ministers Of the Gospel in London, Sometimes Hon- 
oured with the Name of United Brethren. Cotton Mather. ; pp. 
(1-2) To the Reader. Increase Mather ; pp. (1 -9) To the Reader. 
John Higginson. September 28. 1699.; pp. (1-4) To the Reader. 
Samuel Willard. ; pp. 1-73 The Everlasting Gospel. Boston 
Lecture: 27. d. 5. m. and 24. d. 6. m. 1699; pp. 74-76 Divine 
Hymns. A, B, P. 

The same [without the Introductions]. Second Edition. 
Philadelphia. 1767. i8mo. 

The same. With the title, The Gospel of Justification by the 
Righteousness of God. || Wilmington : Printed by Bonsai & Niles. 
n. d. i2mo. pp. 60. 

90. The Good Linguist. 1700. S*. 

91. Grace Triumphant. Boston. 1700. 8vo. pp.45. Anony- 
mous, s*. 

92. The Great Physician. 1700. S*. 

93. A I Letter of Advice | to the | Churches | of the | Non- 
conformists I in the | English Nation : | Endeavouring their Satis- 
faction in that Point, | Who are the True Church of England ? || 
London, Printed and Sold by A. Baldwin. 1700. 4to. pp. (2), 
30, (2). Anonymous. Signed Philalethes. jB, Al. 

94. A Monitory, and Hortatory | Letter, | To those English, 
who debauch the | Indians, By Selling | Strong Drink unto them. || 
Boston, N. E. Printed in the Year 1700. 8vo. pp. 16; p. (2) 
"To E. B. Esq." Anonymous. B, H, P, IV. 

95. Monitory "Letter about y e Maintenance of Ministers." 
Boston. 1700. pp. 16. Anonymous. P*. 

96. The Old Principles of New-England. Or Thirty-Three 
Articles Extracted fr,om, and Contracting of, The [Cambridge] 
Platform of Church-Discipline. [Boston. 1700.] 8vo. pp. 16. 
Anonymous. Z?, P*. 

97. A Pillar of Gratitude. | [ Or, | A brief Recapitulation, 

of the Match- | less Favours, with which the | God of Heaven 
hath obliged the | Hearty Praises, of His | New-English Israel. | 
A Sermon deliverd in the Audi- | ence of his Excellency, the | 
Earl of Bellomont, Captain I General, and Governour in | Chief, 



COTTON MATHER. J 7, 

and of the Council & | Representatives, of the Gene- | ral Assem- 
bly of the Pro- | vinee of the Massachusetts Bay, Con- | vened at 
Boston, in New-England. | On May 29 1700 the Day, for Elec- 
tion I of Counsellors, in the Province. || Whereto there is Appen- 
diced, an Extract of some Accounts, concerning the Wonderful 
Success, of the Glorious Gospel, in the East-Indies. Boston, 
Printed by B. Green, & J. Allen. 1700. i2mo. pp. 1-48. 

H,M. 

98. Reasonable Religion. | | Or, | The Truth Of the | 

Christian | Religion, | Demonstrated. | The Wisdom of its Pre- 
cepts I Justified : | And the Folly of Sinning against those | Pre- 
cepts, Reprehended. | With | Incontestable Proofs, | That Men, 
who would Act I Reasonably, must Live Religiously. || Boston, in 
N. E. Printed by T. Green, for Benjamin Eliot, at his Shop, 
under the West End of the Town-House. 1700. i2mo. pp. 
1-72. P. 

The same. Together with the | Religion of the Closet, | and | 
Family Religion | Urged. || To which is prefix'd, A Preface by the 
Reverend Dr. [Samuel] Williams. London, Printed for N. Cliff, 
and D. Jackson, at the Bible and Three Crowns, in Cheapside. 
1 7 1 3. Pp. (i-i5)To the Reader. Daniel Williams; pp. 1-69 
Reasonable Religion; pp. 70-108 The Religion of the Closet; 
pp. 109-135 Family Religion; pp. 135-136 Books Printed for 
N. Cliff, and D. Jackson. B, P. 

99. The Resolved Christian ; Pursuing the Designs of Holiness 
and Happiness. Sold by Nicholas Boone. 1700. 8vo. pp. 128. 

Trumbull says, "This is identical — the title-page, and the 
omission of the errata and dedication excepted — with Small Offers," 
etc. See No. 11. 

100. Things that Young People should | Think upon. | | 

Or, I The Death of | Young People | Improved, | In some Lively j 
Admonitions | to the Living. [Boston, 24 d. 1 m. 1700. Three 
Young men of | the Neighbourhood, being Drowned, from j a 
Canoe, on the Tuesday before]. | With | Consolations, to the Be- 
reaved I Parents of such Young People, | as are by an Early, (and 
perhaps a | Sudden) Death, taken from them. || Boston in N. E. 
Printed by B. Green & J. Allen. 1700. sm. 8vo. pp. 16. [?] 
Anonymous. IV. 

101. A Token for the Children of New-England. Or, Some 



74 CLASS OF 1678. 

Examples of Children to whom the Fear of God was Remarkably 
Budding, before they Dyed, In Several Parts of New-England. 
Added as a Supplement, unto the Excellent Janewayes Token for 
Children : Upon the Re-printing of it, in this Countrey. Boston in 
N. E. Printed by Timothy Green, for B. Eliot. 1700. i2tno. 
pp. 36. Anonymous. B. 

102. A Warning to the [ Flocks | Against | Wolves in Sheeps 
Cloathing. j Or, | A Faithful Advice, from several ) Ministers of 
the Gospel, in and | near Boston, unto the Churches | of New 
England, relating to the | Dangers that may arise from | Impos- 
tors, I Pretending to be Ministers. | With | A Brief History of 
some Impostors, | Remarkably and Seasonably detected ; | Written, 
by One of the Ministers in Boston, | to assert that Advice and pre- 
vent future I Mischiefs. || Boston, Printed for the Booksellers. 1700. 
sm. 8vo. Pp. 3 — 72, pp. 29 — 52 being A Letter Containing a Re- 
markable History of an Impostor [Samuel May], dated 23d. 10m. 
1699, signed by C. Mather; and pp. 54-79 Something to be 
Known by all the Churches. A, i>, L. 

The same. In Magnalia, vii. 30. 

103. Wussukwhonk | En Christianeue asuh peantamwae | Indi- 
anog ; | Wahteauwaheonaount | Teanteaquassinash, | Nish | Eng- 
lishmansog | Kodtantamwog Indianog | Wahteaunate kah Usse- 

nate, | En michemohtae Wunniyeuonganit. | | Wussuk- 

whosik nashpe Cotton Mather, | Englishmanne Nohtompeantog, 
nampoo- | hamunate kodtantamoonk Edward | Bromfield English- 
manne Nanawunnuaenuh, | noh ukkodaninnumau yeu womoausue | 

Magooonk en Indiansut. | | Wushaumoomuk, | Printeuun 

nashpe Bartholomew Green, kah John Allen | 1700. 

The left-hand pages are in Indian ; the right-hand pages in Eng- 
lish, with the following title : — 

An Epistle | To the Christian | Indians, | Giving them | A 
Short Account, of what the | English | Desire them to Know and 
to Do, I In order to their Happiness. | | Written by an Eng- 
lish Minister, at the | Desire of an English Magistrate, | who sends 

unto them this [ Token of Love. | | Boston | Printed by 

Bartholomew Green and John Allen | 1700 || One sheet i6mo; 
the page numbers doubled. Indian title on verso of first leaf; 
English on recto of second leaf, the verso of which is page 1 of 
the Indian text, with page I of the English, opposite. Ends on 
(double) page 14. Anonymous. N. 



COTTON MATHER. 75 

In 1706 there appeared what purports to have been "The Sec- 
ond Edition," in which the name of John Allen as one of the 
printers is omitted ; but perhaps the body of the book was the first 
edition with a new title-page. £, //, M. 

104. "Ye Young Man's Monitor: a Serm. a Heb. 10. 31." 
Boston. 1700. 8vo. pp. 43. Anonymous. P*. 

105. American Tears upon the Ruines of | the Greek Churches. 

I I A Compendious, but Entertaining | History | of the | 

Darkness come upon the | Greek Churches, | in | Europe and 
Asia. I I Composed by an American. | | And Pub- 
lished, I Partly to bespeak a more frequent Remem- | brance of 
those (once) Famous Churches, | in the Prayers of the Faithful 
afar off. | And, Partly, to Suggest unto Other Churches, | the 
Advice and Warning to be thence | taken, that their Candlestick, 
may not be | Removed out of its Place. | j With, An Ap- 
pendix containing a Relation | of the Conversion of a Jew, | 
Named Shalome Ben Shalomoh. || Boston in N. E. Printed by 
B. Green & J. Allen, for h Sold by Samuel Sewall junior. 
1701. sm. 8vo or i6mo. P. (2) Preface; pp. 3-53 Tears dropt 
on the Ashes of the Greek Churches ; p. (56) An Appendix. . . . 
pp. 57-59 A Preface. Cotton Mather; p. 60 Attestation; pp. 61- 
80 The Free Grace of God Exalted In the Conversion of a Jew. 
Anonymous. B, C, //, M. 

106. A Christian at his Calling. Two Brief Discourses. One 
Directing a Christian in his General Calling ; Another Directing 
him in his Personal Calling. Boston: Printed by B. Green & J. 
Allen, for S. Sewall, Jun. 1701. nmo. pp. 72. Anonymous. 

B. 

107. A Companion for the Afflicted. | | The | Duties | 

and the | Comforts, | Of Good Men, under their Afflictions. | In | 
Two Brief and Plain | Discourses. | Accommodated unto the Con- 
dition That I All at Some Times, and Some at All | Times, do 
Encounter withal. || Boston, in N. E. Printed by T. Green, for, 
and Sold by Samuel Sewall junior. 1701. sm. 8vo. or i6mo. 
P. (1) Preface ; pp. 3-26 Maschil. Or, Lessons to be Learn'd in 
the School of Affliction ; pp. 27-41 Barnabas. Or, Cordials To 
be taken in a Time of Affliction ; p. 46 An Hymn. Anonymous. 

£, //, W. 
" I added another Discourse, formerly & more publickly deliv- 



76 CLASS OF 1678. 

ered, consisting of Cordials to be Taken in y' Time of Affliction. 
The whole, I entituled, A Companion for the Afflicted." 

108. Consolations. November 1701. "I wrote a poem of 
Consolations under Blindness, unto an Aged & pious gentlewoman, 
visited with total Blindness ; which her Son-in-Law published." 

109. Death made Easie & Happy. | | Two Brief | Dis- 
courses J on the I Prudent Apprehensions | of | Death ; | Which 
are to | Influence and Regulate our Lives. | Together with | Seri- 
ous Thoughts in Dying Times : | Or, A j Discourse upon Death ; | 

And the true Methods of Preparation for it. | | A Book 

which has been Commended and | given for a Token at a Funeral. || 
London : Printed by Tho. Parkhurst, at the Bible and Three 
Crowns in Cheapside. 1701. i2mo. pp. 106. P, W. 

"Many (it may be, more than seven) years ago, a Bookseller 
going from hence to London, carried certain Manuscripts of mine 
with him, declaring his Intentions to publish them. He carelessly 
left them in the Hands of Mr. Cockeril, a Bookseller there ; who 
sometime after dyed ; and I could never hear what became of my 
Manuscripts ; but with humble Submission to the will of the Lord 
therein, I gave them over for lost. After all, a friend of mine 
going the last Summer for London, did y e last Winter Enquire after 
my Manuscripts ; & strangely recovering of them, he carried them 
unto another Bookseller, who published them ; and they are now, 
many of them, come over into the countrey. The Book, which 
has had such a Resurrection from the Dead has this Title, Death 
Made Easy and Happy." 

no. Some Few | Remarks | upon j A Scandalous Book, against 
the I Government and Ministry of | New-England. | Written | By 
one Robert Calef. | Detecting the Unparallel'd Malice 5c False- 
hood, I of the said Book ; | and J Defending the Names of several 

particular | Gentlemen, by him therein aspersed & abused. | j 

Composed and Published by several Persons | belonging to the 
Flock of some of the | Injured Pastors, and concerned for j their 

Just Vindication. | | Truth will come off Conqueror. | | 

Boston, N. E. Printed by T. Green, Sold by Nicholas Boone. 
1 70 1. || 8vo. Pp. (3-4) To the Christian Reader, signed Obadiah 
Gill John Barnard John Goodwin William Robie Timothy Wads- 
worth Robert Cumbey George Robinson. The Postscript, pp. 67- 
71, is signed "Increase Mather, Cotton Mather," and dated "Jan. 



COTTON MATHER. 77 

9th. 1700,1." A Letter, pp. 34-59, signed "Cotton Mather," 
contains information about the witchcraft delusion. Anonymous 

H. 

in. Thaumatographia Christiana. | | The | Wonders j of | 

Christianity ; | Discoursed, | In a brief Recapitulation of many | 
Wonderful Mysteries, | in our Lord | Jesus Christ ; | Which are 
Admired by Angels | in Heaven, and should be the | Contempla- 
tion and Admiration | of Christians on Earth. || Boston. Printed 
by B. Green, and J. Allen, for Samuel Sewall junior, at his Shop 
near the Old Meeting House. 1701. pp. 55. sm. 8vo or i6mo. 
pp. 74. Anonymous. H. 

112. Triumphs over Troubles: serm a Gen. 50. 20. Jan. 9. 
1700— 1. Boston. 1701. pp. 41. P*. 

113. " Ye Young man 5 Preservative : serm a Prov. 13. 20. May 
25. 1 701. Boston. w th an Apendix, of a Young Gentleman won- 
derf y converted &c." P*. 

114. An Advice | To the | Churches of the Faithful: | Briefly 
Reporting, | The Present State of the | Church, | Throughout the 
World ; I And bespeaking, | That Fervent Prayer for the | Church, | 
Which This Time calleth for. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, & 
J.Allen. 1702. 8vo. pp. 16. Anonymous. A,B,H. 

"I digested into a single sheet of paper as exact, & perfect, and 
curious an Account as I could, of y e deplorable condition in w ch y-' 
Church at this Time is languishing, & w th as many Charms as I 
could, I derected & entreated the Prayers of Good men for Dis- 
tressed Zion. . . . And I purposed, That when tis published, it 
shall be scattered throughout y e Countrey. 

" My very dear Friend, m r Bromfield, was at y e charge of pub- 
lishing it ; and, his charitable Hand, gave Two apeece to each of 
y e Representatives in y e General Assembly, desiring them to give 
one unto y e minister of y e place, where each person lived. It 
proved highly Acceptable & Serviceable, and many ministers Even 
had it Read in their several congregacons. 

to to 

"(He did y e like afterwards to y e General Assembly in Con- 
necticut).'''' 

115. Arma Virosq ; Cano : Or, The Troubles which the 
Churches of New-England have undergone in the Wars, which 
the People of that Country have had with the Indian Salvages. 
In the Magnalia, vii. 41-56. 



78 CLASS OF 1678. 

The same. Boston. 1862. 4to. In the History of King 
Philip's War, By the Rev. Increase Mather, D. D. ; also, a His- 
tory of the same War, By the Rev. Cotton Mather, D. D. To 
which are added An Introduction and Notes By Samuel G. Drake ; 
printed in The Andros Tracts, ii. 324—332. 

116. Cares about the Nurseries. | | Two brief I Dis- 
courses. I The One, offering | Methods and Motives for | Pa- 
rents I To Catechise their Children | While yet under the Tuition 
of I their Parents. | The Other, offering | Some Instructions for | 
Children. | How they may Do Well, when | they come to Years 
of Doing for | Themselves. || Boston, N. E. Printed by T. 
Green, for Benjamin Eliot. 1702. sm. 8vo or i2mo. Running- 
titles are, pp. 1-46 "Methods and Motives for Parental Catechis- 
ing," and pp. 47-88 "Instructions for them that are past their 
Infancy." At the end, pp. 1-28, are 

Sound Words, | to be held fast, in Faith and Love : | or, | The 
Christian Religion, | Epitomized and Inculcated | in Three Es- 
sayes. || M, P. 

117. Christianity to the Life. A Discourse on the Imitation of 
our Saviour. Boston. 1702. 8vo. pp. 60. P*. 

118. Christianus per Ignem. | | Or, A Disciple | Warm- 
ing of himself | and | Owning of his Lord : | With Devout and 
Useful I Meditations, | Fetch'd out of the | Fire, | By a Christian 

in a Cold Season, | Sitting before it. | | A Work though 

never out of Season Yet | more particularly, designed for the | 
Seasonable and Profitable Entertain- | ment, of them that would 
well Employ | their Leisure by the Fire-Side. || Boston. Printed by 
B. Green, and J. Allen, for Benjamin Eliot. 1702. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. pp. 198, (2); pp. 2-6 being A Praefatory Poem by 
Nicholas Noyes. Anonymous. B, P. 

"I gave it unto y e Bookseller; with Resolutions that when it is 
published, I will take of? two or three every week, & Scatter them 
in the Families, where I make my Visits in the Neighbourhood." 

"I thought it might glorify my Lord JESUS CHRIST, if I 
should Exhibit His Example unto my Neighbours, in publishing 
some Evangelical Discourses, upon that Noble and Holy Subject. 
Wherefore I gave Two Discourses thereupon unto the Book- 
sellers; who publish Them under the Title of Christianity to 
the Life." 



COTTON MATHER. JQ 

119. A Letter f to the f Ungospellized Plantations; [ Briefly 
Representing the | Excellency and Necessity, | Of a People's En- 
joying the I Gospel | of the Lord Jesus Christ among them. | | 

Composed at the Desire, and Sent by | the Care, and in the Name, 
of certain | Gentlemen, Merchants, and others, of | Boston, after 
their Disbursements, to | procure an Offer of the glorious Gospel, | 
unto the Plantations (too Willingly) destitute of an Evangelical 
Ministry. || Boston: Printed by B. Green & J. Allen. 1702. 
sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 16. Anonymous. Z?, W. 

120. Magnalia Christi Americana: | Or, the | Ecclesiastical 
History | of | New-England, [ from | Its First Planting in the 
Year 1620. unto the Year | of our Lord, 1698. || London: Printed 
for Thomas Parkhurst, at the Bible and Three Crowns in Cheap- 
side. 1702. fol. In Seven Books. 

I. Antiquities : In Seven Chapters. With an Appendix. 
II. Containing the Lives of the Governours, and Names of the 
Magistrates of New-England. In Thirteen Chapters. 
With an Appendix. 

III. The Lives of Sixty Famous Divines, by whose Ministry the 

Churches of New England have been Planted and Con- 
tinued. 

IV. An Account of the University of Cambridge in New-Eng- 

land ; in Two Parts. The First contains the Laws, the 
Benefactors, and Vicissitudes of Harvard College ; with 
Remarks upon it. The Second Part contains the Lives 
of some Eminent Persons Educated in it. 
V. Acts and Monuments of the Faith and Order in the 
Churches of New-England, passed in their Synods ; with 
Historical Remarks upon those Venerable Assemblies ; 
and a great Variety of Church-Cases occurring, and re- 
solved by the Synods of those Churches : In Four Parts. 
VI. A Faithful Record of many Illustrious, Wonderful Provi- 
dences, both of Mercies and Judgments, on divers Persons 
in New England. In Eight Chapters. 
VII. The Wars of the Lord. Being an History of the Manifold 
Afflictions and Disturbances of the Churches in New- 
England, from their Various Adversaries, and the Wonder- 
ful Methods and Mercies of God in their Deliverance : In 
Six Chapters : To which is subjoined, An Appendix of 



SO CLASS OF 1678. 

Remarkable Occurrences which New-England had in the 
Wars with the Indian Salvages, from the Year 1688, to 
the Year 1698. 

Each Book has a separate pagination. //, Z, M. 

"30 d. 8. m Friday [1702] Yesterday, I first saw my Church- 
History, since y c publication of it. A gentleman arrived here, 
from New Castle in England, that had bought it there. Wherefore 
I sett apart this Day, for a solemn Thanksgiving unto God, for 
His watchful & gracious providence over that work, <Sc for y c Har- 
vest of so many prayers, is: cares, £c Tears, & Resignations, as I 
had Employed upon it. My Religious P riend, mr Bromficld, who 
had been singularly helpful to the publication of that Great Book, 
(of Twenty shillings price, at London,) came to me at the close of 
the Day, to join with me, in some of my praises to God." 

The same. In Two volumes. First American, from the Lon- 
don edition of 1702. Hartford. Published by Silas Andrus. 
1820. 8vo. H. 

The same. In Seven Books. With an Introduction and Oc- 
casional Notes, By the Rev. Thomas Robbins, D. D., and Trans- 
lations of the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin Quotations, by Lucius F. 
Robinson, LL. B. To which is added, A Memoir of Cotton Ma- 
ther By Samuel G. Drake, M. A. ; also, A Comprehensive Index, 
by another Hand. Hartford. Silas Andrus and Son. In two 
volumes. 8vo. Vol. I. 1855, Vol. II. 1853. M. 

121. Maschil, Or, The Faithful Instructor. | | Offering, | 

Memorials of Christianity | In Twenty Six | Exercises | Upon 
the I New-English Catechism ; | Wherein | The meanest Capaci- 
ties have the whole | Body of Divinity, so accommodated | unto 
their Understandings, that a bare | Yes, or, No, makes their An- 
swers, to I Questions, upon all the Points of it ; but still | directed 
and confirmed from, The Holy | Scriptures. | With several other 

Essayes, to Promote | Knowledge and Practice. | | A Work, 

which mav be of Great Use, to all | Christians ; and especially to 

Christian Housholders. | | With an Addition, | To render 

the Work yet more Universally Accep- | table and Serviceable,) of 
the like Operation | upon, The Assemblies Catechism. || Boston : 
Printed by B. Green, & J. Allen, for Samuel Phillips, at the Brick 
Shop. 1702. 8vo. P. (2) To the Reverend, Pastors of the 
Churches; pp. 3-13 Maschil, or, The Faithful Instructor ; pp. 14- 



COTTON MATHER. Si 

106 Memorials of Christianity, upon the Milk for Babes ; pp. 107- 
132 Maschil, or, The Faithful Instructor; pp. 133-187 The 
Word of Truth Divided, in the Assemblies Catechism ; pp. 188 — 
189 Appendix. The Ten Commandments, and The Lords Prayer 
[in verse] •, pp. 190-192 A Paraphrase on the Creed, and a Pro- 
fession of the Faith, directed by some Eminent Ministers, associ- 
ated for Church Reformation. Anonymous. B, P. 

25 d 8 mo 1701 "About this Time, as the effect of not small 
pains nor few prayers, 1 sent unto the press, a Work which is con- 
trived many wayes to serve the church of y e Lord Jesus Christ, 
and promote good knowledge and practice in the world. I took 
y v Neiv English (my grandfather Cottons) Catechism, and in Twenty 
Six Exercises upon it (which may be twice gone over in y c 52 Sab- 
baths of a year) I gave y c whole Body of Divinity, in so familiar & 
intelligible Questions, that a bare, Yes or, No, is y e whole Answer 
to them all ; and yett still asserted with pertinent Scriptures. 
Hereto I added y e Assemblies Catechism, with y e like (but a shorter) 
operation upon it. But I did also till up the Book, with many 
other EssayeSy tho' briefer Ones, with as Exquisite Contrivance as 
I was able, to advance y e Interests of y c Christian Religion, among 
all sorts of persons. I intended it as a Book of great use, to all 
Christians, but Especially to Christian Housholders. And y° Lord, 
in answer to my poor cries unto Him, inspired my Neighbours, with 
a mighty zeal to forward y e publication of this work so I gave it 
unto y e Booksellers ; entituled, The Faithful Instructor. 
Tis Twelve sheets, in print." 

122. A monitory Letter to them who Needlessly and Frequently 
Absent themselves from the publick Worship of God. Boston. 
1702. pp. 16. Anonymous. S. 

The same. Boston. 17 12. 8vo. Anonymous. 

The same. Briefly Representing the Nature and Intent of [ 
Religious Assemblies, | And the Grievous Evil of Profane | Ab- 
sence from them. | | Published and Dispensed by Some, who 

desire | the Reformation of that Growing Evil. || The Second 
Edition. Boston : Printed by S. Kneeland and T. Green, for D. 
Henchman in Corn-Hill, and Nathan Procter at the Bible and Dove 
in Fish Street. 1738. i2mo. pp. (1-2) Hymn. Anonymous. P. 

123. Much in Little; or three Brief Essays to sum up the 
whole Christian Religion. Boston. 1702. i2mo. 

VOL. III. 6 [September 19, 1883] 



82 CLASS OF 1678. 

124. Necessary Admonitions; | | Containing | Just 

Thoughts upon some | Sins, | Too Little Thought of. | Or, | A 
Brief Discourse | Concerning | Sins of Omission. | Made 11 d. 
4 m. 1702. || Boston in N. E. Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen, 
for Samuel Phillips at the Brick Shop. 1702. i2mo. P. (1) 
Preface; pp. 1-34 Text. Anonymous. Al, W. 

"A Discourse, which I delivered at o r Lecture, when I suddenly 
diverted from the Subject I intended, and but a tew minutes before- 
hand resolved upon delivering this Discourse, proving so acceptable 
to some of the Hearers, that they were desirous to publish it, I gave 
it unto y c Booksellers. It is entituled NECESSARY ADMO- 
NITIONS ; containing 'Just Thoughts upon some Sins too little 
thought of; or, a brief Discourse concerning Sins of Omission. In y e 
preface, I have this Observation ; That y" Things iff wayes from 
which any service to f church of God, is Least of all Expected, are they 
that sometimes prove the most serviceable. I have often found it so ; 
and here again I find it so. Little did I imagine, that this poor 
Discourse, would ever have had this Improvement made of it." 

125. Notes of a Sermon delivered on a Fast at Woburn, Ephes. 
I.9. 1702. (?) Oblong 8vo. MS. H. 

126. The Pourtraiture of | A Good Man, | Drawn [ With the 
Pencils of the Sanctuary, | in such Colours as | the Oracles of 

the I Sacred Scriptures | have given him. | | At a Lecture, 

in the Audience of | the General Assembly- | at Boston, j June 
25. I 1702. || Boston: Printed for, and Sold by Benjamin Eliot. 
1702. sm. 8vo or i2mo. pp. 34. Anonymous. W. 

ct I flattered my self with a belief, that you would know no in- 
terests but those of a glorious Christ, and of his people and kingdom, 
and study what you should render to him for his wonderful dispensa- 
tions towards vou, in restoring you to your family, with the gov- 
ernment of a people, with whom you had been in such evil 
circumstances. The whole country were witnesses to some of 
my poor and plain endeavours, to do the part of a faithful monitor 
unto you, in the portraiture of a good man, at vour arrival." — C. 
Mather, Letter to Joseph Dudley, January 20, 1 707-8, in Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society's Collections, iii. 129. 

127. A Seasonable Testimony | To the Glorious Doctrines of 
Grace, | At this Day many ways undermined | in the World, j 
Considered, by a General Convention of | Ministers, Meeting at 



COTTON MATHER. S3 

Boston, May 28th j 1702. And Voted by them, to be Pub- j 
lished, for the Establishment of the j Churches in the present 
Truth. || Boston. 1702. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 15. 

"At y c general Convention of o r Ministers, in Boston, (at y e Elec- 
tion^ y c Lord accepted me to do Several Services for Him. Espe- 
cially This : I considered, how much y e glorious Doctrines of Grace, 
are depraved, & deserted, even in y e Churches of y e Reformation, 
& Especially in y° English Nation ; And, how much Danger there 
is, lest y e Churches of N. E. and o r younger clergy in them, should 
lose those glorious Doctrines of Grace & be poisoned by vile pelagian 
Books, that from beyond-sea, are Vended among us: Wherefore, I 
composed a System of these illustrious Doctrines ; and I composed 
it in Express Terms fetch'd from the Articles and Homilies of y e 
Church of England. . . . This ... I accompanied with Lively 
warnings unto y c Churches, telling them, how much y e Vitals of 
Christianity, were concerned, in the preservation of these Doctrines; 
Adding also, proper cautions against Antinomian Abuses of them. 
God so Assisted and prospered my Speeches among the ministers, 
that they Voted for the publishing of this Instrument unto y e 
Churches, as their Testimony to y e Interests of y e Gospel." 

128. Sound Words, | to be held fast, in Faith and Love. | Or, | 
The Christian Religion, | Epitomized and Inculcated, | in | Three 
Essayes. || The First Essay. Our Saviours Creed, pp. 1—4. The 
Second Essay. The Body of Divinity Versified, pp. 4-14. The 
Third Essay. An Abridgment of the famous Catechism, Com- 
posed by the most Reverend and Renowned Assembly of Divines 
at Westminster, pp. 16—28. 

This anonymous tract is appended to the Cares about Nurseries, 
No. 116. 

129. Agreeable Admonitions for Old and Young. Boston. 
1703. pp. 48. Anonymous. <S, P*. 

130. The Day which the Lord hath made. | | A | Dis- 
course I Concerning | The Institution | and | Observation | of 

the I Lords-Day. | | Delivered in a Lecture, at Boston, | 4 d. 

1 m. 1703. || Boston, N. E. Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen. 
Sold by Benj. Eliot. 1703. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp.46. Anony- 
mous. //, P, W. 

The same. Boston, N. E. Re-printed by B. Green. 1707. 
sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 36. 



84 CLASS OF 1678. 

On the left-hand pages, which are numbered 16, to correspond 
with the 16 pages of English on the right, making in all 36 pages, 
is a translation into Indian: — 

Ne Kesukod Jehovah kessehtunkup. | | Kekuttoohkaonk | 

Papaume | Kuhquttummooonk | kah | Nanawehtoonk Ukkesukodum 

Lord. I I Mvssohhomunnap | Monuppeantamooonk- | anut ut 

Boston 4 Kesukod I. Nupauz, 1703. | | Nashpe noh quhtian- 

tamwe Kuhkootumweh- | teaenin assoowesit, Cotton Mather. | 

I Kah woh OOneunnehqunnaout Indiansog, | Ukquishkun- 

numun en wuttunnonttoowa- | onkannoowout Experience May- 
hew. || Boston, N. E. Up-Printhamun B.Green. 1707. sm. 8vo 
or i6mo. pp. 36. 

At the end is a part of the first chapter of John in Indian and 
English, two pages each, "Inserted in these Supernumerary Pages 
for the more special Meditation of the Indian Readers." H. 

131. The Duty of Children Whose Parents have Pray'd for them. 
Or, Early and Real Godliness Urged ; Especially upon such as are 
descended from Godly Ancestors. A Sermon, preached May 19. 
1703. [on a Day of] Prayer with Fasting for the Rising Genera- 
tion. Boston: Printed for the Booksellers. 1703. 121110. S. 

The same. The Second Impression. 1 7 19. 

132. Evprj/ca, Or a Vertuous Woman found. An Essay on 
the Death of Mrs. Mary Brown. Boston. 1703. 8vo. S. 

133. A Family Sacrifice. | | A | Brief Essay [in a Lec- 
ture, I 29 d. 2 m. 1703.] ] To I Direct and Excite | Family-Re- 
ligion ; I And I Produce the Sacrifices of__ Righteousness in our 
Families. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen. Sold by 
B.Eliot. 1703. sm. 8vo. pp. (2), 40. Anonymous. //'. 

The second edition was printed in 1707. See Family Religion, 
No. 154. 

1 54. The Glory of Goodness •, with Remarks on the Redemp- 
tion of Captives from the Cruelties of Barbary. Boston. 1 703. 
8'vo. pp. 51. Anonymous. S, P"'. 

135. Great Consolations: or a Tempted Christian Triumphing 
over his Temptations. Boston. 1703. 8vo. S. 

136. Meat out of the Eater, j | Or, | Funeral-Discourses, j 

Occasioned | By the Death of Several j Relatives, j | A Work 

accommodated unto the | Service of all that are in any | Affliction ; 
but very particularly | such as are afflicted with the | loss of their 



COTTON MATHER. 85 

Consorts or | Children. j| Boston : Printed for Benjamin Eliot, at 
his Shop under the Town-house : 1703. i2mo. Pp. (1-4) Pref- 
ace ; pp. 1 -31 A Tryed P'aith, | Offering an Only Son. Preached 
2d. 2 m. 1693. A. M. My (then) only Son having died in the 
Night before; p. 31 My Satisfaction; pp. 32-67 The Fear of 
God, Under Tryals from The Hand of God. Preached, 8 d. 8 m. 
1693, The Day after the Funeral of my Daughter Mary, and The 
Day of my Administring the Eucharist; pp. 67-68 My Resigna- 
tion; pp. 69-108 Good News from A Far Country: For the 
Solace of them, whose Friends are gone thither. Preached, 29. d. 
12 m. 1695. the Day after the Funeral of my Daughter Mehetabe). 
The Text occurring for that Day in a course of Sermons, on the 
Angelical Descent, in the Second Chapter of Luke; p. 108 My 
Resolution; pp. 109- 141 Light arising in Darkness. Preached, 
9 d. 12 m. 1 700. My Son Samuel then Lying Dead in my House, and 
carried the Day following to the House appointed for all the Liv- 
ing ; p. 124 [142] Songs in Such a Night ; pp. 143- 180 Appendix. 
The Living Redeemer, In the Ballance against a Dying Relation : 
Preached, when my Son Lay a Dying, and within a few Hours did 
actually Dy ; pp. 181-182 My Text Paraphrased, and Faith Ex- 
hibited; pp. 182-183 The Incomparable Sir. Richard Blackmores 
Paraphrase upon Jobs Confession of Faith. Chap. 19. 25. ; pp. 184 
et seq. The House of Mourning. | | The Death | of | Desire- 
able Relatives, j Lamented & Improved, | In A | Sermon | Occa- 
sioned I By the Death of | Mrs. Abigail Mather. || Boston : Printed 
for Benjamin Eliot, 1703. || Pp. (185-186) Preface; pp. 187-190 
Consolatory Poem [by Nicholas Noyes] Dedicated unto Mr. Cot- 
ton Mather; Soon after the Decease of his Excellent and Vertuous 
Wife, that well-accomplished Gentlewoman, Mrs. Abigail Mather, 
Who changed Earth for Heaven, Dec. 1 . 1 702. In the Thirty Third 
year of her Age; pp. 191-222 The Loss of a Desirable Relative, 
Lamented and Improved. Preached 6. d. 10. m. 1702. the Lords- 
Day after the Death of my Lovely Consort, having for a head title 
" An House of Mourning." A, B, A 7 , W. 

In the Preface, on page 185, C. Mather writes: "The Sudden 
Death of his First born, produced a Discourse about Fourteen Years 
ago, Printed at London, under the Title of, Right Thoughts in Sad 
Hours. Four more of his Olive Plants have been since Withered; 
The Fruits yet produced by those Occasions, are Collected and 



86 CLASS OF 1678. 

Exposed, in the Book now before the Reader. A more Trying 
Death by far than all the former is at length inflicted on him. 
Their Lovely Mother must be at last Laid in a Tomb, where they 
must now together Sleep with her. A Sermon uttered just after 
the saddest Funeral that ever he saw, and composed under the 
most grievous Desolations of his Mind, as well as of his house, 
that ever were upon him, is now added to the rest." 

He also writes : " I took my Funeral Sermon for my Wife, (and 
that I might also do justice to the memory of that amiable creature, 
I annexed an Elegy or two upon her ;) I also took y° Sermons, which 
I had preached upon the Deaths of my several Children, (being as- 
sisted by y e Notes of some who wrote shorthand after me ; for 
some of them had been preach'd in too great Sorrow, & w th too 
small warning for me, to have any Competent Notes of my own :) 
These Discourses, I saw much accommodated unto the Edification 
of y e Readers ; and, I thought Likewise, that y e Temper of my 
Spirit Expressed in the Discourses delivered on these occasions, 
would further glorify my L. Jesus Christ. So I published Them, 
and Scattered them, among the people of God. The General 
Title of them is, Meat out of the Eater, or Funeral Discourses, 
occasioned by the Death of Several Relatives." 

137. Jedidiah : or a Favorite of Heaven described. S. 

138. Methods and Motives for Society to suppress Disorders. 
Boston. 8vo. pp. 12. Anonymous. P* and S. 

139. Notes of a Sermon at Boston Lecture 16 September 1703, 
on Ephesians vi. II. Oblong 8vo. MS. H. 

140. The Retired Christian. | Or, The Duty | Of | Secret 
Prayer, | Publickly inculcated ; | In a Sermon, At Boston- | Lec- 
ture, April 1st. 1703. || Boston. 1703. sm. nmo or 24-mo. 
pp. 46. P*\ TV. 

141. The Armour of Christianity. | | A | Treatise, | De- 
tecting first, the Plots of the | Devil against our Happiness. | De- 
claring then, the Wiles by | which those Plots are managed. | And 
Propounding, lastly, the | Thoughts by which those | Wiles may 
be Defeated. || Boston, in N. E. Printed by Timothy Green, for 
Benjamin Eliot, under the West End of the Exchange. 1704. 
l2mo. pp. 234. Anonymous. M, T 5 , IV. 

At the end is a Declaration of y e Gov r Council and Assembly 
against Profaneness & Immorality. P*. 



COTTON MATHER. 87 

142. Baptistes : | A Conference | About the | Subject and Man- 
ner I of I Baptism. | Between C. M. and D. R. | [Boston. 1704 j 
1705]. pp. 32. Anonymous. //, S, IV. 

Prince puts the date 1705. 

The title to the second edition is lengthened, and varies. See 
1724, No. 392. B. 

143. A Comforter of the Mourners. | | An Essay | For 

the Undoing of | Heavy Burdens, j In an Offer of such | Good 
Words I As have a Tendency to cause | Glad Hearts, | in those 
who are | Stouping | Under Various Matters of | Heaviness. || 
Boston, in N. E. Printed by Timothy Green, at the North End 
of the Town. 1704. 8vo. P. (1) Preface; pp. 3-34 Text; 
p. (1) Books printed by Timothy Green. Anonymous. A, B. 

144. A Faithful Monitor. | | Offering, An | Abstract | of 

the I Lawes | in the Province of the Massachusett-Bay, | New- 
England, I Against those Disorders, the Suppression | whereof is 
desired and pursued by them | that wish well to the worthy De- 
signs of I Reformation. | | With some Directions and En- 
couragements, I to dispense due Rebukes, & Censures | unto all 

Censurable Actions. | | Sic agitur Censura. || Boston, Printed, 

and Sold by Timothy Green, 1 704. sq. 8vo or i6mo. Pp. 3-22 
An Abstract of the Lawes ; pp. 23-55 The Reprover doing his 
Duty [uttered at Boston-Lecture. 30. d. 1. m. 1704]; p. 56 An 
Abstract, of the Directions for a General Reformation, Given in 
the Declaration of the Great & General Assembly, Lately Pub- 
lished. Anonymous. i/, M. 

145. Faithful Warnings to prevent Fearful Judgments. Bos- 
ton. 1704. P*. 

146. The Nets of Salvation. A Brief Essay upon the Glorious 
Designs h Methods of Winning the Minds of Men unto Serious 
Religion. New London : Timothy Green. 1704. 8vo. pp.56. 
Anonymous. P. 

147. The Reprover doing his | Duty. | | Boston-Lecture. 

30. d. 1. m. 1704. || sq. 8vo or i6mo. Pp. 23-55 of A Faithful 
Monitor, No. 144. Anonymous. H, M. 

148. A Tree planted by the Rivers of Water. Or, An Essay, 
upon the Godly and Glorious Improvements, which Baptised 
Christians are to make of their Sacred Baptism. || Boston : Printed 
by Bartholomew Green, for Samuel Phillips. 1704. i2mo. pp. 
69. Anonymous. B, C, S. 



83 CLASS OF 1678. 

149. A Servant of the Lord not ashamed of his Lord. Boston. 

1704. sm. 8vo. S. 

150. Lc Vrai Patron des | Saines Paroles. || Without author or 
title-page. [Boston. 1704.] 8vo. pp. 15 "Designed for the 
Instruction of our French Captives. Anonymous. P. 

151. A Weaned Christian. | | Or, Some | Things, | By 

which a | Serious Christian may be made Easy | when | Great 

Things I are Deny'd unto him. | | In a brief Essay, to render 

the I Language of Heaven in mul- | tiplied Judgments upon the J 
Earth, Articulate. || Boston, in N. E. Printed and Sold by Tim- 
othy Green, at the North-End of the Town. 1704. nmo. pp. 
42; p. (i) Advertisement. Anonymous. i/, W. 

152. Youth under a Good Conduct. | | A | Short Essay | 

To render | Young People | Happy, | By Engaging them in the 
wayes of | Early & Serious | Religion. | | Made, at Boston- 
Lecture, I 2. d. 1. m. 1704. || Boston, in N. E. Printed and Sold 
by Timothy Green, at the North-End of the Town. 1704. i2mo. 
pp. 3-44. Anonymous. A. 

153. A Faithful Man, | Described and Rewarded. | j Some j 

Observable & Serviceable | Passages in the | Life and Death | of | 
Mr. Michael Wigglesworth. | Late Pastor of Maldon ; | Who 
Rested from his Labours, on the | Lords-Day, June 10th. 1705. 
In the I Seventy Fourth year of his Age. | And | Memorials of 

Piety, I Left behind him among his Written | Experiences. | | 

With a Funeral Sermon Preach'd (for him) at Maldon, June 24. 

1705. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, for Benj. Eliot, at his Shop 
under the West-End of the Town-House. 1705. 8vo. Pp. (1-4) 
To the Church and Congregation at Maldon in New-England. 
Yours in the Lord; Boston, July, nth. 1705. Increase Mather; 
pp. 1-27 Text ; pp. 28-48 Appendix, containing a few Memorials 
of Piety ; Faithfully extracted from the Reserved Papers of Mr. 
Michael Wigglesworth,. 

The title-page of the copy in the Library of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society has, "Printed by B. Green, for Nicholas But- 
tolph at his Shop at the Corner of Gutteridges Coffee-House." 

//, M, P. 

The same. Second Edition. 8vo. Boston. 1849. PP- 5 2 * 

154. Family Religion Excited and Assisted. The Second Im- 
pression. Boston. Reprinted by B. Green. 1707. i2mo. pp. 
23. B, L. 



COTTON MATHER. 89 

The same. By Doctor Cotton Mather. I. Some Reasonable 
Considerations, Pro- | pounded unto the Reason and Conscience j 
of the Prayerless Housholder. || pp. 17 ; pp. 18-19 The Ten Com- 
mandments. I Exodus. Chap. xx. ; p. 1 9 The Lord's Prayer. | Bos- 
ton : Printed by B.Green. 1714. nmo. Title-page wanting. 

On the.left-hand pages of this edition, which are numbered 19 to 
correspond with the 19 on the right, is the translation into Indian, 
with the following title: — Teashshinninneongane Peantamooonk | 
Wogkouunumun kah Anunumwontamun. | | Nashpe Doc- 
tor Cotton Mather. || I. Nohwutche tapeneunkque Nahoonta- | 
mooongash Magun en ummittahhannit- | toomme tuppantamooon- 
ganit mar pean- | tamoe OOwekittomwaenin. || pp. 17; pp. 18-19 
Piogque Annoohteamooongash. | Exodus Chap, xx; pp. 19 Lordooe 
Peantamooonk | Bostonut | Printeunap nashpe B. Green. 17 14. 
The Indian translation is by E. Mayhew. P*. 

Unaccompanied with the Indian translation are : — 

The same. The Fourth Impression. Colophon. Boston. 
Reprinted by S. Kneeland, for S. Gerrish. 1720. 8vo. pp. 20. 

The same. Another Impression. Boston. 1727. 8vo. 

The same. The Third Impression. Newport, Widow Frank- 
lin. 1740. 8vo. pp. 16. 

" I printed a Thousand of them. These I bound up in Bundles 
that had convenient parcels in them, and printed a short Letter to 
be added unto each of y e Bundles ; Entreating y e person, whose 
Name I inserted with my pen, to find out what prayer/ess Families 
there may be in y e Town where he lives, & to Lodge these Essayes 
of piety in them. So I concerted with some of my Friends, a way 
to Convey a Bundle to every Town in all these Colonies ; and 
some other places." 

"It was also Re-printed in London." 

For the first edition, see Family Sacrifice, No. 133. 

155. The Hatchets to hew down the Tree of Sin, which bears 
the Fruit of Death. Or, the Laws, by which the Magistrates are 
to punish Offences among the Indians as well as among the Eng- 
lish : — Togkunkash, tummethamunate Matcheseongane mehtug, 
ne meechumuoo Nuppooonk. Asuh, Wunnaumatuongash, nish 
nashpe Nananuacheeg kusnunt sasamatahamwoog matcheseongash 
ut kenugke Indiansog netatuppe onk ut kenugke Englishmansog. 
(asuh Chohkquog.) One sheet, sm. 8vo. On the first page, the 



go class of 1678. 

double title, as above, and an Introduction to the Laws, beginning : 
"The Laws are now to be declared, O Indians," etc. This Intro- 
duction and each of the twenty laws are followed, in order, by the 
Indian translation. At the end, on page 15, are two paragraphs of 
admonition, and on the lower half of the page, between single rules, 
is the Colophon: Boston. Printed by B. Green. 1705. £, IV. 
See Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, No. 61, 
page 58. 

156. A I Letter, About the Present State of Christianity, | 

among the Christianized | Indians | of | New-England. | | 

Written, | To the Honourable, | Sir William Ashurst, | Governour 
of the Corporation, for | Propagating the Gospel, among the | In- 
dians, in New-England, and | Parts Adjacent, in | America. || Bos- 
ton, in N. E. Printed by Timothy Green. 1705. sm. 8vo. 
pp. 15. At the end, dated "Boston, N. E. March 2. 1704, 5," and 
signed Increase Mather, Cotton Mather, Nehemiah Walter. 
Anonymous. M, IV. 

157. Lex Mercatoria. | | Or, The | Just Rules | of | 

Commerce | Declared. | And Offences against the Rules of | Jus- 
tice in the Dealing of | men with one another, Detected. | With a 
Testimony Publickly given a- [ gainst all Dishonest Gain, in the 
Audience | of the General Assembly of the | Province of the Mas- 
sachuset-Bay, | New-England. Nov. 9. 1704. || Boston, Printed 
and Sold by Timothy Green, at the North End of the Town, 
1705. sm. 8vo. pp. 3—39 with running-title, False-Dealer fairly 
dealt withal ; p. (1) Advertisement. A, IV. 

158. Mare Pacificum ; or the Satisfactions of afflicted Christi- 
anity. Boston. 1705. S. 

159. Monica Americana. | | A | Funeral-Sermon [Bos- 
ton. Thursday 4d. um. 1704, 5.], | Occasioned | by the Death 
of J Mrs. Sarah Leveret, | (Once the Honourable Consort of | 
John Leveret Esq. | Governour of the Massachu- | set-Colony, 
New-England,) | Who changed Earth for Heaven. | 2 d. II m. 

1704. I I With an Elegy upon her Memory. || Boston : Printed 

for Samuel Phillips at the Brick Shop. 1705. sm. 8vo. pp. 32. 
Running-title, Female Piety Exemplified. Anonymous. B, M. 

160. Nicetas. Or, Temptations to Sin, And Particularly to 
the Sin Wherewith Youth Is most Usually and Easily Ensnared, 
Well Answered & Conquered. In a Sermon, of Early Piety. || 



COTTON MATHER. gi 

Boston in N. E. Printed & Sold by Timothy Green, At the 
North End of the Town. 1705. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 34. 
Anonymous. 

161. Parental Wishes and Charges. Or, The Enjoyments of a 
Glorious Christ, Proposed, as the great Blessedness which Christian 
Parents desire for themselves, and for their Children. (With a 
poem entitled The Consent.) Boston: Printed by T. Green. 
1705. i2mo. pp. 60. Anonymous. B. 

162. The Rules of a Visit. | | An Essay | Upon that | 

Case, j How The | Visits | Of Christians to one another, may | 
be so Managed, as to Answer the | Noble Designs of Christia- | 
nity. I Act. XV: 36. | Let us go visit our Brethren, — and | See 
how they do. || Boston, in N. E. Printed and Sold by Timothy 
Green, at the North End of | the Town, 1705. | i2mo. pp. 40. 
Anonymous. B, L. 

"13 d. 7 m. Thursday [1705]. It has been desired of me, that 
I would give y e publick, a Discourse on that point, How Christians 
may so manage their Visits, as to best answer the noble Designs of 
Christianity. I did it this Day ; after I had exceedingly humbled 
myself before the Lord. The Lord was mightily present with me ; 
(as indeed He has been in y e other Exercises of my ministry of 
Later time:) The Sermon proved Exceeding Acceptable to the 
people of God. In the evening, the publication of it, was, by a 
considerable Number of good men proposed. So I gave it them. 
. . . That the mercy of y e Lord unto me, in this matter, may be the 
more signalized, it was putt into y e Hearts of y c Reforming Soci- 
eties in this Town, to divide all the colonies of N. E. between 
them, and to provide, that at Least a Couple of the Books, be put 
into every Town in the Countrey ; One directed unto y e minister 
of y e place ; y e other having upon it this inscription, To be Lent. 
Thus I shall have another precious opportunity to glorify y e Lord, 
in Every Town throughout New England. I shall serve / Lord, 
in all His Congregations from one end of the Countrey to the other." 

163. The Christian Temple. | | Or, | An Essay | Upon 

A j Christian | Considered as A | Temple. | A Consideration of 
great Consequence | to the Interests of | Christianity. || Boston : 
Printed and Sold by Bartholomew Green. 1706. sm. 8vo. pp. 
38. Anonymous. C, M, IV. 

164. Free-Grace, Maintained & Improved. | | Or, | The 



92 CLASS OF 1678. 

General Offer | of the | Gospel, | Managed with Considerations of 
the j Great Things done by j Special Grace, | in the | Election 
and Redemption | and Vocation | Of those who Embrace that 
Offer, j And | The Illustrious Doctrines of Divine | Predestina- 
tion and Humane | Impotency, Rescued from the Abuses, | which 
they too frequently meet withal ; | And rendered (as they are) 

highly Useful | to the Designs of Practical Piety. | | In Two 

brief Discourses ; Published at the Desire | of Some, who have 
been greatly Apprehensive | of Growing Occasions for Such Trea- 
tises. |j Boston: Printed by B. Green. 1706. sm. 8vo. pp. 70. 
Anonymous. A, B, H, M, P, W. 

" My very dear Friend Mr. Bromfield, must be mention'd by 
me in these memorials, as y e great Instrument of procuring a pub- 
lication unto this Book, and unto many others which have served 
y e Churches of God. The Lord reward unto him, h unto his 
Family, all the service which he has this way, or any other done, 
unto His people." 

165. Good fetch'd out of Evil: A Collection of Memorables 
relating to our Captives. Anonymous. Boston. 1706. pp.46. 

Z, S. 

1706 n d 6 m Lords-day "The Lord has Lately brought home 
unto us, between Forty and Fifty of o r Captives ; tho' many more 
are yett left behind. I am visited by many of them, every Day. 
& I have opportunity, by putting Books into their Hands, Sc other- 
wise, to do good unto them. They agreed that they would this 
Day appear in o r Congregation; and the Lord, having first annihi- 
lated me by an 111 Turn upon my Health, assisted me to glorify 
Him on this occasion. We gave thanks together, in the great 
Congregation ; and I preached unto them a Sermon, on y e Great 
Things done by y e Lord for them. 

" On the day following, I composed a Collection of Memorables 
relating to the Captives ; y e marvellous displayes of y e Divine power 
and Goodness, towards many of them, especially in Deliverances ; 
the means of their Constancy under Temptations to Popery. & 
edifying poems written by some of them, to confirm their children ; 
and, a Copy of a Pastoral Letter written by y r worthy Minister, who 
is now a Captive ; (that so he may be doing service, even when 
confined from Serviceableness :) 

"And I gave this collection to y c Bookseller, that it may be pub- 



COTTON MATHER. 93 

lished, & y c Lord glorified, and His people Edified. It is entituled, 
Good fetch'd out of Evil. 

"In a weeks time, he sold off a Thousand of the Impression." 

166. Good Lessons for Children, in Verse. Boston. 1706. 
sm. 8vo. Anonymous. 5. 

1706 22 d i m Frid. "About this Time, sending my little Son to 
School, Where y e Child was Learning to Read, I did use every 
morning for diverse months, to Write in a plain Hand for the 
Child, and send thither by him, a Lesson in Verse, to be not only 
Read, but also Gott by Heart. My proposal was, to have the 
child improve in goodness at the same time that he improv'd in 
Reading. Upon further Thoughts, I apprehended, that a Collec- 
tion of some of them would be serviceable to y e Good Education 
of other children. So I Lett y e printer take them, & print them, 
in some hope of some Help to thereby contributed unto that Great 
Intention of a Good Education. The Book is entituled, Good Les- 
sons for children; or, Instruction, provided for a Little Son to 
learn at School, when Learning to Read. 

"It quickly had a second edition." 

167. The Good Old Way. | | Or, | Christianity | De- 
scribed, [ From the Glorious Lustre of it, | Appearing | In the 
Lives of the | Primitive Christians. | An Essay [Given in Three 
Lectures], I Tending, from Illustrious Examples | of a Sober & a 
Righteous, I and a Godly Life, Occurring | in the ancient Church- | 
History, to Revive the | Languishing Interests of Genuine | and 
Practical Christianity. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, for Benj. 
Eliot at his Shop under the West-End of the Towiv-House. 1706. 
i2mo. pp. 94. Anonymous. i?, H. 

168. Heavenly Considerations : or the Joy of Heaven over them 
that answer the Call of Heaven. 1706. S. 

169. The Impenitent Sinner disarm'd of his Plea for Impeni- 
tency. Boston. 1706. 8vo. S. 

170. The I Negro Christianized. | | An Essay | to | Ex- 
cite and Assist | that Good Work, | The Instruction | of | Negro- 
Servants I in Christianity. || Boston, Printed by B. Green. 1 706. 
i2mo. pp.46. Anonymous. P. 

" In the Beginning of June, I did, with the Help of Heaven, dis- 
patch a Work, which my Heart was greatly sett upon ; a Work 
which may prove of Everlasting Benefit unto many of the Elect of 



94 CLASS OF 1678. 

God ; a Work which is Calculated for the Honour & Interest of 
a Glorious CHRIST ; and a Work, which will Enrage y e Divel 
at such a rate, that I must Expect, he will immediately fall upon 
me, with a storm of more than ordinary Temptations ; I must im- 
mediately be buffeted in some singular manner, by that Revengeful 
Adversary. And the late Calamities on y e American Islands, I 
thought, had a Word in them, to quicken my doing of this Work. 
I wrote as well contrived an Essay as I could, for y e animating and 
facilitating of that work, the Christianizing of the Negroes. It is 
entituled, The Negro Christianized. An Essay, to Excite and 
Assist that Good Work ; the Instruction of the Negroes in Christianity. 
And my Design is, not only to Lodge one of the Books, in every 
Fam.ily of New England, which has a Negro in it, but also to send 
Numbers of them into the Indies & Write such Letters to the prin- 
cipal Inhabitants of y s Islands, as may be proper to accompany 
them." 

171. New and Remarkable Discoveries of Quakerism. 

September 1706. "The wicked Quakers having made their Ad- 
dresses and complaints and clamours, at home in England, against 
the Countrey, whereof an Account was address'd unto us, by y e 
Independent Ministers in London ; as if we had persecuting Lawes 
among us : I thought this a good opportunity, not only to Vindi- 
cate my Injured Countrey, but also to discover more and more of 
y e wicked Spirit of Quakerism, and to demonstrate, that their Light 
within is a dark, feeble, Sinful Creature, and that to sett it up for 
Christ and God, which is done in Quakerism, is a very Horrible 
Idolatry. I composed a Treatise on this Occasion, and Sent it over 
unto the Ministers in London, under this Title: New and Re- 
markable Discoveries of the Spirit of Quakerism." 

Perhaps not printed ; I have never seen it. 

172. Private Meetings Animated and Regulated. A Short 
Essay, To Preserve and Revive the Ancient Practice of Lesser 
Societies, Formed among Religious People, to Promote the Great 
Interests of Religion. Boston, Printed by T. Green. 1 706. 
i2mo. pp. 23. Anonymous. B. 

173. The Religion of the Closet. | | An Essay [Boston, 

N. E. 23 d. 10 m. 1705. Lords-Day], on the | Holy Employ- 
ments I Which are proper for a Christian in his | Daily Retire- 
ments. J Or I A Christian Furnish'd with J a Companion in Solitude. j| 



COTTON MATHER. 95 

The Second Edition. Boston. Printed by T. Green. 1706. 
l2mo. pp. 42, (2). Anonymous. B. 

The same. The Fourth Edition. Boston: Printed by T. Fleet, 
& T. Crump, for Samuel Gerrish, on the North Side of the Town- 
House, in King-Street. 17 15. i2mo. pp. 44. Anonymous. 

B. 

First edition probably in 1705 or early in 1706. 

174. Vigilantius. | | Or, | A Servant of the Lord | Found 

Ready for the | Coming of the Lord. | A Discourse [At Boston- 
Lecture. 8. d. 9. m. 1705.], I Occasioned by the Early Death | of 
Seven Young | Ministers, | Within a little while One of another ; j 
With some Essays upon their | very Commendable and Imitable j 

Character. | | And an Elegy upon them [translated from an 

Oration of Witsius]. || Boston : Printed & Sold by B. Green, at 
the South End of the Town. 1706. i6mo. pp. 38. Anony- 
mous. M. 

The Young Men were Edward Tompson of Marshfield, H. U. 
1684; John Morse of Newton, H. U. 1692 ; Jabez Wakeman of 
Newark, N. J., H. U. 1697; John Hubbard of Jamaica, N. Y., 
H. U. 1695 -, John Wade of Berwick, Me., H. U. 1693 ; Andrew 
Gardner of Lancaster, H. U. 1696 ; John Clark of Exeter, N. H., 
H. U. 1690. 

175. Young Follower of a Great Saviour. Boston. 1706. 
pp. 36. Anonymous. P*. 

176. Another Tongue brought in, to confess the great Saviour 
o( the World ; or, Some Communications of Christianity, put into 
a Tongue used among the Iroquois Indians in America. And 
put into the hands of the English and Dutch Traders. To ac- 
commodate the Great Intention of communicating the Christian 
Religion unto the Salvages among whom they may find anything 
of this language to be intelligible. Boston. Printed by T. Green. 
1707. 8vo. pp. 16. Anonymous. P*. 

41 Sentences in relation to God, Jesus Christ, and the Trinity, in 
the Iroquois, Latin, English, and Dutch languages." — J. Sabin, 
Dictionary, xi. 388. 

177. The Best Ornaments of Youth, j | A Short | Essay, | 

on the j Good Things, | Which are found in Some, and should | be 
found in All, | Young People. | And which | Wherever they arc 
found, Heaven will take a Favourable Notice of | them. | | 



96 CLASS OF 1678. 

A Sermon [To my Young People, 3. d. 9. m. 1706.] Published by 
a Religious | Society of Young People, that were the Hearers of 
it. || Boston in N. E. Printed by Timothy Green. 1707. sm. 
i2mo. pp. 36. Anonymous. i?, JV. 

178. The Fall of Babylon. Anonymous. 1707. P*. 
See No. 179. 

"I considered, That it were very desireable to have o r poor peo- 
ple in o r Frontiers well informed, & well defended, against y e De- 
lusions of popery; Lest any more of them should be carried captives, 
as many of them have been, into a popish country. Wherefore, I 
composed a Catechism for that purpose, to be added, unto my Lit- 
tle Book for y e Frontiers. I considered, That in Maryland, a Col- 
ony not very far from us, there were many papists ; and y c popish 
clergy seduced many people on frequent occasions. Wherefore I 
printed some Hundreds of this Catechism by itself, to be dispersed 
in Maryland. I considered also, That it was a Blessedness, to do 
a part in the work of this Day, y e pulling down of y e Romish Baby- 
lon. Accordingly, I entituled this Little peece of Work, The 
Fall of Babylon." 

179. Frontiers Well-Defended. | | An | Essay, | To Di- 
rect the I Frontiers | of a | Countrey Exposed unto the Incur- | sions 
of a Barbarous Enemy, | How to behave themselves in their | Un- 
easy Station ? I 1 Containing Admonitions of Piety, | Propos'd | 

by the Compassion of | some Friends unto their Welfare, | to be 
Lodg'd in the Families of | our Frontier Plantations. || Boston in 
N. E. Printed by T. Green. 1707. sm. i2mo. pp. 52. At 
page 50, without paging, are two pages of " The Protestant Armed 
from the Tower of David," which is followed by " The Fall of 
Babylon," in the form of a catechism, extending to more than 
twenty pages. Anonymous. A, Z?, P, W. 

"In a prayer at a meeting of some Christians, I mentioned y e sad 
condition of o r Provinces ; that notwithstanding y e extreme obliga- 
tions which their Dangerous & Afflicted Scituation Laid upon 
them, to be a very Religious people, yett there was much irreligion 
& profaneness & Disorder in many of them. After y e prayer, some 
of them that were present, being touch'd with a sense of y matter, 
mov'd me to write a little Book agreeable to y e Condition of o r 
Exposed plantations ; which they would be at the Expence to send 
and Lodge in all their Families. I sett upon y c work, and enjoy'd 



COTTON MATHER. 97 

a Singular Assistence of Heaven, in drawing up the Admonitions 
of piety for those plantations. It may be, the Lord will bless this 
Essay, for much Good, unto many poor people, in a land of un- 
walled villages. I gave it y e printer ; Entituled : Frontiers well- 
defended." 

180. A Golden Curb, for the Mouth, which with a Headstrong 
Folly, Rushes into the Sins of Profane Swearing and Cursing. 
Boston: Printed by John Allen. 1709. i2mo. pp. 12. n. t. p. 

u You Disguise, you Curtail, you Abbreviate your Swearing: 
As, Dod : and many other such Strokes, in the "Jargon of Oath- 
mongers. . . . This is a poor Evasion. What is it, that these Fic- 
titious Words Originally Signify ? In these Mongrel Oathes, your 
God so, is as much as to say, By Gods Soul. Your Ods me, is as 
much as to say, As God sees me. 'Slife, is as much as to say, By 
Gods Life. 'Zounds, is as much as to say, By Gods Wounds. Yea, 
when you say, Marry, 'tis, By Saint Alary. And thus for the 
rest." p. 10. Anonymous. B, H. 

"The Golden Curb ; or, Sober Checks, given to Rash Passions," 
was the title of another work of Mather, published as pp. 173-190 
of No. 48. 

181. The Greatest Concern in the World. 1707. Anonymous. 
The same. A Short and Plain Essay to Answer [the] Enquiry, 

What must I do to be Saved ? The Second Edition. || New Lon- 
don. T. Green. 1718. 8vo. pp. 22. Anonymous. B. 

182. Ornamental Piety. 1707. Anonymous. P*. 

183. "Ye soldier told what he shall do." 1707. P*. 
The same. Reprinted with the title "Ye soldier taught what 

he shall do." 1709. P*. 

184. The Spirit of Life entring into the Spiritually Dead. | | 

An Essay, | To bring a | Dead Soul | Into the Way, wherein the 
Quicken- | ing Spirit of God & of Grace, | is to be Hoped and 
Waited for; | And | To Prophesy over the | Dry Bones | In The J 
Valley of Death, | Such Words of the Lord, as use | to be the 
Vehicles of Life unto them. || Boston in N. E. Printed and Sold 
by Timothy Green. 1707. sm. 8vo or i2mo. pp. 40. (?) 
Anonymous. B, P*, IV. 

185. A Treacle fetch'd out of a Viper. | A Brief Essay | Upon | 
Falls into Sins; | Directing, | How a Recovery out of such | Falls, | 
Alay be attended with a Revenue | of Special | Service and Glory 

VOL. III. 7 [October 12, 18S3.] 



98 CLASS OF 1678. 

to God, I From the | Fallen Sinner. || Boston in N. E. Printed 
by B. Green, for Benj. Eliot. 1707. i2mo. pp. 32. Anony- 
mous. S. 

186. A Very Needful Caution. | | A Brief | Essay [at the 

Boston-Lecture, 15. d. 6 m. 1706.], | To Discover the Sin that | 
Slayes its Ten Thousands ; | And Represent the Character | and 
Condition of the | Covetous. | With some Antidotes against | the 
Infection of Covetousness | and Earthly-Mindedness. || Boston in 
N. E. Printed and Sold by Timothy Green, at the North End of 
the Town. 1707. sm. i2mo or 24010. pp. 60. Anonymous. 

M. 

187. Corderius Americanus. | | An Essay | upon j The 

Good Education of Children. | And what may Hopefully be At- 
tempted, for I the Hope of the Flock. | In a | Funeral Sermon | 
upon I Mr. Ezekiel Cheever. | The Ancient and Honourable Mas- 
ter of the I Free-School in Boston. | Who left off, but when Mor- 
tality took him ofF, in | August, 1708. the Ninety P'ourth Year 

of his Age. | With an Elegy and Epitaph upon him. | | By 

one that was once a Scholar to him. || Boston, Printed by John 
Allen, for Nicholas Boone, at the Sign of the Bible in Cornhill, 
near the Corner of School-Street. 1708. 8vo. Pp. (1-4) An 
Historical Introduction; pp. 1-34 Text; pp. 26-33 being a Po- 
etical Essay on the Memory of my Venerable Master, and 33-34 
the Epitaphium. Anonymous. A, 2>, //, L. 

The same. Boston: Printed by Ezekiel Russell, next the 
Cornfield, Union Street. 1774. A, M. 

The same. Somewhat Abridged, | by omitting the Latin 
Phrases, etc., etc., and bv an Attempt to render | the Language 

throughout more Perspicuous and Energetic. | | To which 

is added, Latin Poems, and Facsimile of Cheever's Manuscript, 
written in London, dated 1 73 1, with Specimens of Greek, | never 
before published. || Boston : Printed by Dutton and Wentworth, 
Nos. 1 &4 Exchange Street. 1828. 8vo. Pp. 3-4 The Ed- 
itor's Preface. Ezekiel Checvcr. Goshen, Sept. 1828; pp. 5-6 
The Original Preface abridged; pp. 1-20 Sermon; pp. 21-22 
The Essay on the Memory of Ezekiel Cheever; pp. 22-23 Epi- 
taphium; pp. 24-32 Ex Libro Londini Scripto ab A. D. in Tem- 
pore, 1631, ad — A. D. 1637. Carmina Selecta. A, H, AI. 

This title, taken from the cover, differs somewhat from that of 
the pamphlet itself. 



COTTON MATHER. 99 

1 88. A Good Evening for the Best | of Dayes. | | An Es- 
say, | To Manage an | Action of Trespass, | against | Those who 
Mispend the | Lords-Day | Evening, | In Such Things as have a 
Tendency to | Defeat the Good of the Day. | A Sermon Preached 
in the Audience | of the General Assembly, | at Boston, 4 d. 9 m. 
1708. I And Published by the Order of the | House of Represent- 
atives. || Boston: Printed by B. Green. 1708. 8vo. Pp. (1-4) 
To the Reader. Boston. Nov. 6. 1708. Increase Mather; pp. 
1-26 The Cause of the Lords-Day Evening, Pleaded. 

A, B, H. 

189. Letter January 20, 1707-8 to Governor Joseph Dudley. 
8vo. In Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, iii. 
128. 

190. The Man of God Furnished. | | The | Way of 

Truth, I Laid out ; with a Threefold | Catechism, | 

I. The famous Catechism, Entituled, Milk | for Babes, rendred 
now a little more | Easy & Proper for Children of the 
Smallest Capacity, [pp. 20-32.] 
II. An Abridgement of the Assem- | blies Catechism ; Epito- 
mizing that Ex- I cellent Composure of One Hundred & 
Seven, | with no more than Thirty Two Questions, [pp. 

33-46.] 

III. Supplies from the Tower of Dvaid. | Or, A Catechism, which 

arms Christians of all | Ages, to refute the Errors, which 

most I commonly assault the cause of Christianity, [pp. 

47-127; pp. 54-69 being against Popery; pp. 72-81 

against Quakerism ; pp. 84—90 against Socinianism ; pp. 

93-100 against Pelagianism ; pp. 103- 1 12 against Anti- 

nomianism ; pp. 115- 120 against Anabaptism ; pp. 124- 

125 against Sabbatarians.] Boston: Printed by B. Green 

for Samuel Phillips. 

To which are Added; Several other In- | struments of Piety; 

To Serve the | great Interests of Religion, which ly near | to the 

Hearts of all Faithful Ministers | and all Godly Householders. 

I I Offered unto the Publick Service, by several j Ministers 

of the Gospel in the | Churches of New England. || Boston : 
Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Phillips. 1708. i2mo. pp. 
140, (2). Anonymous. 

For a second edition see The Way of Truth, 1721. No. 369. 



IOO CLASS OF 1678. 

"The Apostasy of some few of o r people to popery in Canada, 
awakened my concern, to have o r people better fortified, not onely 
against y e wiles of popery, but also against y e Snares of all other Er- 
rors, whereby they may be endangered. Wherefore, having fitted, 
both y e New English Catechism, and the Assemblies Catechism, to be 
more easily conquered by o r children, I accompanied these com- 
posures, with Supplies from the Tower of David ; or, J Catechism, 
which arms Christians of all Ages to refute / Errors, which most com- 
monly assault f Cause of Christianity, and to preserve the faith once 
delivered unto / Saints: In Seven ESSAY ES, (namely, Against 
popery, and Quakerism, and Socinianism, and Pelagianism, and Anti- 
nomianism, and 4nabaptism, and Anti Sabbatarianism.) Each of y e 
Answers, which have in them y c marrow & Substance of all y c vol- 
umes written on Controversial Divinity, concludes with a pertinent 
Scripture, which alone may serve to Answer and to Defend y e 
Question. And all y e Essayes End with Desires relating to y e Truths 
which had been defended ; such Desires, as, if y c Hearts of men 
come to be enflamed with them, they will never part w ,h y e Truths, 
which have made such Impressions upon y 1 ". In this Book, there 
are Several other Instruments of Piety ; The whole is Entituled, 
The Man of God furnished. My Design is, to have it pub- 
lished with the countenance of The Ministers of Boston and Salem; 
And Addressed unto both Ministers and Housholders in all parts of 
y e Country. It is to me, a child of many prayers; and I am wait- 
ing to see, how far y c Lord will prosper it." 

191. Sober Considerations, on a Growing Elood of Iniquity. 
Or, An Essay, To Dry up a Fountain of, Confusion and every 
Evil Work ; and to Warn People, particularly of the Woful Con- 
sequences [of] the Prevailing Abuse of Rum. Boston : Printed 
by John Allen. 1708. 8vo. pp. 20. Anonymous. B. 

192. The Bonds of the Covenant. Boston. 1 709. 8vo. 
pp. 33. Anonymous. P*. 

193. A Christian Conversing with the Great Mystery of Chris- 
tianity. I I The Mystery | of the | Trinity | In the One In- 
finite and Eternal God, | Practically Improved and Applied, | and 
Plainly brought into the Life | of Christianity. || [Boston :] Printed 
and Sold by T. Green. 1709. 1 21110. P. (2) Preface ; pp. 3-55 
Text ; p. (1) Advertisement. Anonymous. B, L. 

194. The Cure of Sorrow. An Essay directing Persons under 



COTTON MATHER. IOI 

Sadness what Course to take, that they may be no more Sad. 
Boston: Printed by B.Green. 1709. i2mo. pp.46. Anony- 
mous. B, 

195. The Desires of the Repenting Believer. 1709. S. 

196. An Essay on the Streets of the Holy City. 1709. S. 

197. Family Religion | Urged. | Or, | Some serious Consider- 
ations I Offer'd to the Reason and Conscience | Of every | Prayer- 
less Housholder. | With Plain Directions how the Gift of | Prayer 
may be sought by Persons | of the meanest Capacity. | To which 
is added, | A Select Number of choice Hymns, upon extra- | ordi- 
nary Occasions, collected from the Works of | several eminent 
Ministers of the Gospel in Great- | Britain. || The Third Edition. 
Boston: Re-printed for D. Henchman in Cornhill. 1747. 8vo. 
pp. 23. B, H, L. 

The first edition. Boston. 1709. l2mo. pp. 24. 

198. Nunc Dimittis, | briefly descanted on [16. d. 10. m. 1708.] 

I I The Happy Dismission, | of the | Holy Believer, | from | 

The Work of Earth, to the Joy | of Heaven ; | Considered in a | 
Funeral Sermon, | For that Venerable and Memorable | Servant of 
Christ, I Mr. John Higginson, | The Aged Pastor of the Church 
in I Salem ; [with Memoirs of his Life,] Who, on 9 d. 10 m. 1708. 
in the Ninety | Third Year of his Age, went from the | Earthly 
Salem, to the Heavenly. || Boston in N. E. Printed by B. Green, 
for Eleazar Phillips, at his Shop in Corn-hill. 1709. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. Pp. (1-4) [Dedication] To the Church of Christ in Sa- 
lem. Cotton Mather; pp. 1-42 Text; pp. 1-8 An Elegy by 
Nicholas Noyes. Anonymous. A 7 , JV. 

199. Ths Sailours Companion | and Counsellour. | An Offer 
of I Considerations | for the | Tribe of Zebulun ; | Awakening the | 
Mariner, | To Think and to Do | those things that may render 
his I Voyage Prosperous. || Boston in N. E. Printed by B. Green, 
for Samuel Gerrish, and Sold at his Shop near the Old Meeting- 
House in Corn-Hill. 1709. sm. 8vo. Pp. i-x To the Com- 
manders of our Vessels ; pp. 11-62 Text. Anonymous. 

B, E, H. 

200. u Y e Sum of y e matter: Abridg mt of y e Assemblies Cate- 
chism. 1709." Anonymous. P*. 

201. The Temple Opening. | | A | Particular Church | 

Considered as a | Temple j of the | Lord. | In a Sermon Preached 



102 CLASS OF 1678. 

on a I a Day, when such a Church | was Gathered [10 d. 7 m. 
1707. At Braintry.], and [Hugh Adams] a Pastor | to it Ordained. 

I I Now Published by that Church, [With a Copy of the 

Covenant] as a conti- | nual Monitor of their Duty, and for the | 
more Extensive Benefit of others, who | would be Confirmed in 
the Right wayes | of the Lord. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, 
for S. Phillips. 1709. i2mo. pp. 34; pp. 32-34 being A Copy 
of the I Covenant ; j with | which the Church was Gathered. 

j I Inserted, as a Perpetual Monitor | of the Flock, to be 

Stedfast in the | Covenant. And, | In Perpetuam rei Memoriam. || 
Anonymous. //, M. 

202. Winthropi Justa. | | A | Sermon | At the Funeral of 

the Hon ble | John Winthrop, Esq. | Late Governour of the Co- | 
lony of Connecticut in New- | England. Who Died at Boston, | 
Nov. 27. 1707 in his 69th Year. || Boston. 1708. 8vo. pp. 40. 

B. 

The same. Printed at Boston in New-England, and Reprinted 
at London, by B. Harris, at the Golden Boar's Head in Grace- 
church street ; and Sold by J. Baker, at the Black Boy, Pater- 
noster-Row. 1709. 8vo. P. (3) Dedication by H. Ashurst ; 
p. (4) To the Reader. Increase Mather; pp. 5-16 Text, with 
the running-title, Mortality Considered ; or, Serious Thoughts on 
Dying Times ; p. (17) Epitaphium. M. 

The same. A Second Impression. Printed at Boston in New- 
England, and Reprinted at London, by B. Harris, at the Golden 
Boar's-Head in Grace-Church-Street. 17 10. 8vo. y/, IV. 

203. Work Within-Doors. An Essay to Assist the Serious in 
the Grand Exercise of Conversing with 1 , Themselves, and Com- 
muning with their own Hearts. Boston. Printed by T. Green. 
1709. i2mo. pp. 40. Running-title, A Christian Conversing 
with Himself. Anonymous. B. 

204. Youth in its Brightest Glory. | | An Essay, | Di- 
recting them that are | Young in Age, | To become | Strong in 
Grace, | By the Word of | God | Abiding in them. | | Pub- 
lished by a Religious Society | of Young Men, that were the I 
Hearers of it. || Boston. Printed & Sold by T. Green. 1709. 
sm. 8vo or i2mo. pp. 36. Anonymous. H. 

205. Bonifacius. | | An Essay | Upon the Good, that is 

to be I Devised and Designed, | by those | Who Desire to Answer 



COTTON MATHER. IO3 

the Great End | of Life, and to Do Good | While they Live. | A 
Book Offered, | First, in General, unto all Christians, | in a Per- 
sonal Capacity, or in | a Relative. | Then more Particularly, | Unto 
Magistrates, unto Ministers, | unto Physicians, unto Lawyers, | 
unto Scholemasters, unto Wealthy | Gentlemen, unto Several Sorts 
of I Officers, unto Churches, and | unto all Societies of a Religious j 
Character and Intention. With Humble | Proposals of Unexcep- 
tionable I Methods, to Do Good in the World. [Running-title, 
Essays to do Good.] || Boston in N. England : Printed by B. 
Green, for Samuel Gerrish at his Shop in Corn Hill. 17 10. 8vo. 
Pp. i-xviii Preface ; pp. 19- 193 Text ; pp. 194- 199 An Appendix 
concerning the Essays that are made, for the Propagation of Re- 
ligion among the Indians in the Massachuset Province of New- 
England ; pp. 200-206 Advertisement for publication of the 
author's Biblia Americana. Anonymous. y/, Z>, i/, M^ P. 

The title was subsequently changed to 

Essays to do Good : | Addressed | to all Christians, | whether 
in I Public or Private Capacities. || A New Edition, Improved by 
George Burder. From the latest London Edition. Boston : 
Printed and Sold by Lincoln & Edmands, No. 53 Cornhill. 1808. 
P. (3) Contents ; pp. v-x Editor's Preface; London, April 27, 
1807 ; pp. xi-xxiii Preface ; pp. 25-148 Text. A, M, P. 

The same. From the latest Boston and London Editions. To 
which is added, Treatises, on Engagements [by Jonathan Edwards], 
Religious Education [from the Christian Observer], and Sanctify- 
ing the Sabbath-Day [by Sir Matthew Hale]. Johnstown : Printed 
and Sold by Asa Child. 1815. i2mo. Pp. iii-iv Recommenda- 
tions ; pp. v-xii Editor's Preface; pp. xiii-xxv Preface; pp. 27- 
178 Text; pp. 179-191 Treatises; and p. (1) Contents. A. 

Essays I to do Good. | By | Cotton Mather, | D. D. F. R. S. | 

I With I An Introductory Essay, | By | Andrew Thomson, 

D. D. I Minister of St. George's, Edinburgh. || Glasgow : Printed 
for Chalmers and Collins ; William Whyte h Co. and William 
Oliphant, Edinburg ; R. M. Tims, and Wm. Curry, jun. h Co. 
Dublin; and G. B. Whittaker, London. 1825. i2mo. pp. I- 
214. A. 

The same. Dover. Published by Samuel C. Stevens. 1826. 
i2mo. A, P. 

The same. London : Printed for Francis Westley, 10 Station- 
ers' Court and Ave Maria Lane. 1842. P. 



104 CLASS OF 1678. 

The same. Revised by the Committee of Publication. Bos- 
ton : Massachusetts Sabbath School Society, Depository, No. 13 
Cornhill. 1845. i2mo. Pp. iii-v Advertisement; p. vi The 
Original Title ; pp. vii-xxv Preface ; pp. 27-304 Text ; pp. 305- 
315 An Appendix; concerning the Essays that are made for the 
Propagation of Religion among the Indians in the Massachusetts 
Province of New England. H. 

Another edition. Published by the American Tract Societv, 
No. 150 Nassau St., New York. D. Fanshaw, Printer [1805]. 
i2mo. pp. 108. 

206. Christianity Demonstrated. [To my Young Men. 30. d. 

8. m. 1709.] I I An Essay | To | Consider the Sanctifying | 

Work of Grace | On the Minds of the Faithful, | as a Noble 
Demonstration to the | Truth of our Holy Religion. | With | An 
Exhortation unto All | but especially unto Young | Persons, to 
seek after that | Work of God. || Printed at Boston in N. E. Sold 
by Timothy Green. 1710. i6mo. pp. 60. Anonymous. IV. 

207. Dust and Ashes. An Essay upon Repentance to the 
Last. Boston: Printed by B. Green. 17 10. i2mo. pp. 34. 
Anonymous. 

208. Elizabeth in her Holy Retirement ; | An Essay | To Pre- 
pare a Pious I Woman | for her | Lying-in | or Maxims and 
Methods I of Piety | To direct and Support an | Handmaid of the 
Lord I who expects a | Time of Travail. || Boston in N. E. 
Printed by B. Green, for Nicholas Boone. 1710. i2mo. pp. 36. 
Anonymous. P*, S. 

209. The Heavenly Conversation, | An Essay | upon the Meth- 
ods of Conversing J With a Glorious | Christ, In Every Step of 
our Life. || Boston. 1710. i8mo. pp.14. Anonymous. P*. 

210. Letter, 25 d. 10 mo. 1710. To the truly Honourable, & 
Venerable Rector & others of the University of Glasgow, acknowl- 
edging the degree of Doctor of Divinity. i2mo. pp. 12. P. 

211. Man Eating the Food of | Angels. | | The | Gos- 
pel J of the I Manna, | To be Gathered in the | Morning. | With 
diverse famous & wondrous | Examples of Early Piety. | Especially, 
the Surprising History, | ofChristlieb Leberecht Von Extor, | Late 
Son to the Physician of the | King of Prussia. | Delivered, part of 
it, in Boston-Lecture ; | part of it on another Occasion. || Boston : 
Printed for Benj. Eliot. 1710. i2mo. P. (1) Preface; pp. 1-85 



COTTON MATHER. IO5 

Text. Running-title, The Religion of the Morning. Bound 
at the end of Increase Mather's Exhortation to the Children of 
New-England. B, H, P. 

212. Nehemiah. | | A Brief Essay on | Divine Consola- 
tions, I How Great they are ; | And | How Great the Regards to 
be paid unto them. | With an | Application thereof to Some | fre- 
quent Cases ; | Especially, | The Death of Relatives. | | Of- 
fered, at the Lecture in Boston. 3od. 9. m. 17 10. [after the death 
of a daughter of Judge Sewall.] || Boston in New-England. Printed 
by Bartholomew Green. 17 10. 4-to. Pp. (1-2) To the Hon- 
ourable Judge Sewall ; pp. 1-24 Text. A, L. 

213. Theopolis Americana. | | An Essay | on the | Golden 

Street | Of the Holy City ; | Publishing, | A Testimony against 
the I Corruptions of the j Market-Place. | With Some Good Hopes 

of I Better Things to be yet seen | in the American World. | | 

In a Sermon, To the General | Assembly of the Massachusett- | 
Province in New-England. | 3 d. 9 m. 1709. || Boston: Printed by 
B.Green: Sold by Samuel Gerrish at his Shop. 1710. i2mo. 
Pp. (1-2) To the Honourable Judge Sewall. Your hearty Ser- 
vant. Cotton Mather ; pp. 1 — 5 1 Text, with the running-title, 
Pure Gold in the Market-Place ; pp. 51-53 Appendix. Anony- 
mous. A, B, H, N. 

214. Advice from Taberah. | | A Sermon j Preached [4d. 

8 m. 171 1.] I After the Terrible | Fire, | Which, (attended with 
Some very | Lamentable and Memorable cir- | cumstances, On 
Oct. 2, 3. 171 1.) I Laid a Considerable Part of Boston, | in 
Ashes. I Directing a Pious Improvement of Every | Calamity, but 
more Especially of so | Calamitous a Desolation. || Boston, in N. E. 
Printed by B. Green : Sold by Samuel Gerrish, at his Shop at the 
Sign of the Buck over against the South Meeting-House. 171 1. 
8vo. Pp. ii-iv The Occasion; pp. 1-33 Text. Running-title, 
The voice of God, Crying to the City ; p. (1) Advertisement. 

A, B, H, M. 

215. Compassions Called for | | An Essay [Made at Bos- 
ton-Lecture, 28. d. 10. m. 1710]. I Of I Profitable Reflections | 
On Miserable | Spectacles. | To which is added, | A Faithful Re- 
lation of Some I Late, but Strange Occurrences | that call for an 
awful and | useful Consideration. | Especially, | The Surprising 
Distresses and | Deliverances, of [John Dean and] a Company | 



106 CLASS OF 1678. 

lately Shipwrecked on [Boon Island] a Desolate | Rock, on the 
coast of New-England. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, for Eleazer 
Phillips, at his Shop the South side of the Town-house. 171 1. 
l2mo. P. (2) Preface; pp. 3-44 The Text; pp. 45-48 An Ap- 
pendix, Relating certain Modern, and very Remarkable Occurrences 
— The Drinking & the Swearing Atheist Spoken to; p. 49 The 
Mariner Call'd upon ; pp. 50-60 A Relation of a Remarkable 
Deliverance, after a Shipwreck of Uncommon Distress, received 
by Captain John Dean and Company [Communicated from him- 
self]. Anonymous. A, i?, M. 

216. Manly Christianity. | | A Brief | Essay on the | Signs 

of Good Growth | and Strength | In the most Lovely | Christian- 
ity. I Or I The Marks of a Christian become | Strong in the 
Grace that makes him One. | A Discourse very Seasonable in | 
these Times of so much Controversy | from different Opinions in 
Religion. || London : Printed for Ralph Smith at the Bible under 
the Piazza of the Royal Exchange, Cornhill. 171 1. 8vo. pp.34. 
Anonymous. H, W. 

217. Memorials of Early Piety. | | Occurring in the | Holy 

Life & Joyful Death | of | Mrs. Jerusha Oliver. | With Some 
Account of her | Christian Experiences, | Extracted from her | 
Reserved Papers : | And Published, for the Service of | Christian- 
ity ; But especially | to Serve the Intentions of | Early Religion. |j 
Boston in N. E. Printed and Sold by T. Green, at his Shop, in 
Middle Street. 171 1. l2mo. Pp. 1-5, 6-54; p. (1) Adver- 
tisement. Anonymous. P. 

Jerusha, wife of Peter Oliver, was sister of Cotton Mather. 

218. The Old Pathes Restored. | | In a brief Demon- 
stration, I That I The Doctrines of Grace hitherto | Preserved in 
the Churches of the | Non-Conformists, are not | only Asserted in 
the Sacred Scrip- | tures, but also in the Articles | and Homilies 
of the Church of | England ; | And | That The General Departure 
from I those Doctrines, Especially in those | who have Subscribed 

thern, is a most | Unaccountable Apostasy. | | Extracted 

from some things formerly | Published ; And Contrived* into a. | 
Single Sheet, for the Use of some that | want & ask, for the Ar- 
mour of Christia- | nity, against the Seducers of this Evil | Time. || 
Boston: Printed and Sold by T. Green, in Middle Street. 171 1. 
i2mo. P. (1) Dedication in Latin to the Reverend John Ed- 
wards; pp. 1-21 The Text. Anonymous. A, B. 



COTTON MATHER. IO7 

The same. Reprinted at London, with a Preface by Will 
Whiston, A. M. To be sold by A. Baldwin, sm. 8vo. pp. 12, 
24. W. 

219. Orphanotrophium. | Or, | Orphans Well-provided for. | 

I An Essay, | On the Care taken in the | Divine Providence | 

For Children when their | Parents forsake them. | With Proper 
Advice to both | Parents and Children, that | the Care of Haven 
may be the more Conspicuously & Comforta- | bly, Obtained for 
them. I Offered in a Sermon, on a Day | of Prayer, kept with a 
Religious I Family [28. d. I. m. 171 1.], whose | Honourable 
Parents [John Poster, Esqr. who Expired 9. d. 12. m. 1710, 1 1. 
and Abigail Foster, who Departed 5. d. 1. m. 17 10, 11.] were 
late I by Mortality taken from them. || Boston : Printed by B. 
Green. 1711. sm. 8vo or i6mo. Pp. (1-2) Preface ; pp. 1-68 
The Orphan's Patrimony. A, B, AI, P. 

220. Perswasions from the Terror of the Lord. | | A Ser- 
mon I concerning, | The Day of Judgment ; | Preached on a | Sol- 
emn Occasion, | 15. d. 2. m. 171 1. || Boston in New-England: 
Printed and Sold by Timothy Green, at the Lower End of Middle- 
Street. 171 1. 8vo. P. (1) To my dear Friends, That were the 
Parents of the Child [Crushed to Death by a Cart falling on him], 
whose Death gave Life to the following Sermon; pp. 1-38 The 
Sermon. A, W. 

221. The Right Way to shake off a Viper. | | An | Essay | 

on a I Case | Too commonly calling for | Consideration. | What 
shall Good Men do, when they | are Evil Spoken of. || London : 
Printed, and are to be Sold by Sarah Popping, at the Raven in 
Pater-Noster Row. 171 1. 8vo. P. (ii) The Publisher to the 
Reader; pp. iii-xi The Occasion of the Ensuing Essay; pp. 1- 
33 Text ; pp. 34-35 Postscript. A, W. 

The same. The Second Impression. Boston : Printed by S. 
Kneeland, for S. Gerrish, and Sold at his Shop. 1720. i2mo. 
Pp. i-ii A Preface. Boston, Sept. 1. 1720. Increase Mather; 
pp. iii-xi The Occasion of the Ensuing Essay ; pp. xii-xiv Ap- 
pendix ; pp. 1-61 Text; pp. 62-64 Postscript. A, M, W. 

222. Sermon on Psalms xxii. 10. Boston. i2mo. 

223. Awakening Thoughts on the Sleep of Death. | A Short 
Essay, [at a Thursday Lecture. Dec r 171 1.] | on the | Sleep, | 
which I By Death all Men must fall into : The Meaning of that 



108 CLASS OF 1678. 

Lively Metaphor, the Nature of Sleep, and the Method by which 
we may Enter into an Happy Rest, when we fall Asleep. | With 
a Debt paid unto the Memory of | some that Sleep in Jesus. || 
Boston in N. E. Printed and Sold by Timothy Green, in Middle 
Street. 1712. sm. 8vo or i6mo. Pp. ix, 34. 

The Preface is a tribute to the memory of Mrs. Mary Higginson. 

224. The Fisher-mans Calling. | | A Brief Essay, | to | 

Serve the Great Interests of | Religion | among our | Fisher-men; | 
And set before them the Calls | of their Saviour, whereof | they 
should be Sensible, in | the Employments of their | Fishery. || Bos- 
ton in N. E. Printed: Sold by T. Green. 1712. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. Pp. i-iv To the Gentlemen Who Employ the Fisher- 
men; pp. 1-49 The Religious Fisher-man ; p. (1) Advertisement. 

B. 
" 1 have here done something like what Peter did ; I have girt a 
Fishers Coat about me." "Your Fish don't always come so Soon 
as you would have them ; you must Bait tk IVait ; your Patience 
must be Exercised. In like manner you must be willing to Pray 
& IV ait for the Desired Mercies of God." 

225. Grace Defended. | | A Censure | on the | Ungodli- 
ness, I By which the Glorious | Grace of God, | is too commonly 
Abused. | A Sermon Preached on the | Twenty fifth Day of De- 
cember, 17 12. I Containing Some Seasonable | Admonitions of 
Piety. J And Concluded, with a brief Dissertation | on that Case, 
Whether the Penitent Thief on | the Cross, be an Example of one 
Repenting at the | Last Hour, and on such a Repentance | received 
unto Mercy ? || Boston : Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Gerrish, 
at his Shop in Marlborough Street. 17 12. Pp. 1-32 Grace De- 
fended ; p. (1) Hymn by Dr. Watts. B, P. 

" We lay the charges of God upon you, that if any People take 
this Time, for any thing of a riotous tendency, you do not associate 
with them in such Ungodliness. . . . The Grace of God in sending 
us a Great Saviour calls for more Pious Acknowlegments." (p. 20.) 

One of the earliest Christmas Sermons — perhaps the first — 
preached from a Puritan pulpit in New England. — J. H. Trum- 
bull, in Brinley's Catalogue. 

226. Grata Brevitas.| | An Essay | Made in a Few Words, | 

To demonstrate that a | Few Words | May have | Much com- 
prised in them. | With | The most Weighty Matters of | Religion, 



COTTON MATHER. IO9 

offered in several | Abridgments, as particular | Demonstrations of 

it. I I A Winter Sermon Preached at | Boston-Lecture. 27. d. 

9. m. 171 2. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Gerrish at 
his Shop over against the South Meeting-House. 1712. pp. 20. 

B, //, M. 

227. Pastoral Desires. [ | A Short Catalogue | of | Excel- 
lent Things, I which | A True Pastor, will Desire to | see Ap- 
proved, and Practised, and | Abounding, among his People. | | 

A Book, design'd to be Lodg'd | and Left in their Hands, by One j 
Desirous to be Such an One, in His Pastoral Visits | to the Houses 
of all his People. || Boston, Printed by B. Green, for Nicholas 
Boone. 1712. sm. i2mo. pp. 116. Anonymous. 

228. Preface to J. Pierpont's Sundry False Hopes of Heaven 
Discovered and Decryed. Boston. 17 12. i6mo. 

229. Reason Satisfied: | and | Faith Established. | | The | 

Resurrection | Of a Glorious | Jesus | Demonstrated by many 
In- I fallible Proofs : | And the Holy Religion of | a Risen Jesus, | 
Victorious over all the Cavils of its j Blasphemous Adversaries. || 
Boston : Printed by J. Allen, for N. Boone, at the Sign of the 
Bible. 1712. i2mo. pp. iii-vi The Occasion ; pp. 7-47 Text. 
Anonymous. B, H. 

230. Repeated Warnings. Another Essay, to Warn Young 
People against Rebellions that must be Repented of. ... With a 
Pathetical Relation, of what occurr'd in the Remarkable Experi- 
ences of a Young Man, who made an Hopeful End lately at Lyme 
in Connecticut. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, for S. Gerrish. 
1 712. i2mo. pp. (2) 34. B. 

"A copy of a Letter to the Author" is appended, from the 
father of the young man, signed M. G. [Matthew Griswold]. 

231. Seasonable Thoughts upon | Mortality. | A Sermon | Oc- 
casioned by the raging of a | Mortal | Sickness | in the Colony of | 
Connecticut, | and the many Deaths of | our Brethren there. | De- 
livered at Boston-Lecture, | 24. d. 11. m. 171 1, 12. || Boston, 
Printed: Sold by T. Green. 171 2. i2mo. pp. 26, (2). 

232. A Soul Well-Anchored. A Little Manual for Self- 
Examination ; To assist a Christian In Examining his Hopes of 
a Future Blessedness. Boston: Printed by B. Green. 1712. 
i2mo. pp. 24. Prefixed is "A Short Hymn to Assist the Pauses 
of Self-Examination." Anonymous. B. 



IIO CLASS OF 1678. 

233. Thoughts for the Day of Rain. | | In Two Essay's: | 

I. The Gospel of the Rainbow. | In the Meditations of Piety, | on 
the Appearance of the Bright | Clouds, with the Bow of God | 
upon them. | II. The Saviour with His | Rainbow. | And the 
Covenant which God | will Remember His People in the | Cloudy 
Times that are passing | over them. || Boston in N. E. Printed 
by B. Green : Sold by Samuel Gerrish at his Shop at the Sign of 
the Buck over against the South Meeting House. 1712. 8vo. 
Pp. i-vi Preface; pp. 1-34 The Gospel of the Rainbow; pp. 
35-36 A Carmen Gratulatorium, addressed to Cotton Mather, 
signed R. H. [Robert Hale ?] ; pp. 37-64 The Saviour with His 
Rainbow. At Boston-Lecture, 12 d. 5. m. 171 1. 

A, B, G, H, M. 

234. A True Survey & Report | of the Road. | | A brief 

Essay I To Rectify the Mistakes of Men, | about the Way taken 
by them. | The Whole | Way of Transgression, | And Particu- 
larly, I The Wrong Way, wherein Men | Transgress the Rules of 
Honesty, | Proved an | Hard Way. | And | The Good Way of 
Religion, | therefore Preferred & Commended. | In a Lecture at 

Boston, on a | Special & Mournful Occasion. | | 10. d. 5. m. 

1712. || Boston. 1712. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 46. Running- 
title, The Hard Way, Laid out & Warn'd against. Anony- 
mous. W. 

235. The Wayes and Joyes of | Early Piety. | | One Es- 
say more [Boston-Lecture. 20 d. 1 m. 1712.], | To Describe and 
Commend, | A Walk in the Truth j Of our Great | Saviour, | Unto | 
The Children of His People. | With a Testimony against some | 
Errors which many of our | Children Run into. | At a Time that very 
much calls for | it: And in the Audience of the | General Assem- 
bly of the j Massachusett-Province. || Boston in N. E. Printed 
by B. Green, for Samuel Gerrish at his Shop at the Sign of the 
Buck in Marlborough Street. 17 12. 8vo. pp. 54. P. 2 Ap- 
pendix containing two Hymns by Isaac Watts. H. 

236. Winter Piety. | A Very Brief Essay, | in the | Methods 
of Piety, I wherein | A Serious Christian may Propose to meet with 
his Blessed | Saviour, at the Temple | in the Winter. | Made in a 
Sermon, at Boston-Lecture, 27. d. 10. m. 1 7 1 1.|| Boston in N. E. 
Printed by B. Green : Sold by T. Green. 1712. i2mo. pp. 33. 

B. 



COTTON MATHER. I I I 

237. The Young Man Spoken to. Another Essay, to Rec- 
ommend & Inculcate the Maxims of Early Religion, unto Young 
Persons. In a Sermon preached unto them on a Special Occasion 
[the death of Peter Oliver]. Boston : Printed by T. Green, for 
Samuel Gerrish. 1712. i2mo. pp. (4), 43. B, P*. 

238. The A, B, C, of Religion. Lessons Relating to The 
Fear of God, Fitted unto the Youngest & Lowest Capacities, and 
Children suitably instructed in the Maxims of Religion. Boston: 
Timothy Green. 1713. i2mo. pp. 42. At the end, pp. 37- 
42, "Instructions for Children, in Verse," including "The Body 
of Divinity Versified." Anonymous. B. 

239. Adversus Libertinos. | | Or, | Evangelical Obedi- 
ence I Described and Demanded ; | In an Essay | To Establish, 
the Holy Law | of | The Glorious God, | upon | The Principles, 
of Justification | by the Faith of the Gospel. || Boston: Printed by 
B. Green, for Samuel Gerrish, at his Shop over against the South 
Meeting-House in Marlborough Street. 1 713. 8vo. Pp. (1-2) 
Preface; pp. 1-49 Text; p. (1) A Hymn by Dr. Watts. Run- 
ning-title is, The Gospel Entertained, with the Law Established. 
In the Preface, the author states " The Occasion of the Treatise " 
to be this: "The Churches in some Southern Colonies of our 
North-AMERICA, have begun to suffer an assault from some 
Spreaders, of Antinomian Errors, and Sowers of Tares and of Strifes 
among them. A Valuable Servant of God, who hath been after 
an Exemplary manner Labouring for His Names Sake, without faint- 
ing, in those Colonies [Mr. Jedidiah Andrews] wrote his Desire, 
that something might be here Composed and Published against 
Antinomianism, with an Attestation to it, from the Ministers of 
Boston, and be sent thither, for the Establishment of the Faithful 
in their most Holy Faith." A, B, M, P. 

240. Advice from the Watch Tower. | | In a Testimony 

against | Evil Customes. | A brief Essay | To declare the Danger 
& Mischief of all | Evil Customes, | in general ; | And Offer a 
more particular Cata- | logue of Evil Customes grow- | ing upon 
us ; I With certain Methods for the Pre- | vention and Suppres- 
sion of them. || Boston : Printed by J. Allen, for N. Boone, at 
the Sign of the Bible in Cornhill. 1713- sm. 8vo or i6mo. 
pp. 40 ; p. 30 being Custome in Sin. Considered in an Hymn 
of Mr. Isaac Watts; and pp. 31-40 A Black List of some Evil 



112 CLASS OF 1678. 

Customes, which begin to appear among us ; And a Proposal of 
Proper Methods to discourage them. The author concludes what 
he has to say with " Liberavi Animam meam." Anonymous. 

A, B, H. 

241. The Best Way of Living; | | Which is to | Die 

Daily : | Very briefly Described and Com- | mended in a plain | 
Discourse, | Made at a Time, when the Au- | thor had newly seen 
Repeat- | ed Strokes of Death, on his | own Family. | And the 
Publisher had his | Family also Struck with a | Sudden Death upon 

a I Vital Part of it. | 1 22. d. IX. m. 1 713. || Boston: Printed 

by J. Allen. 1 7 13. i2mo. P. (1) To the Reader; pp. 1-26 
The Text. P. 

242. A Christian Funeral. A brief Essay, On that Case, 
What should be the Behaviour of a Christian at a Funeral ? Bos- 
ton: Timothy Green. 1 7 13. i2mo. pp. 36, (1). Anonymous. 

B, P*. 

243. The Curbed Sinner. | A Discourse | Upon the Gracious 
and Wondrous Restraints | Laid by the | Providence | Of the 
Glorious God, I On the Sinful Children of Men, to | Withold 
them from Sinning against | Him. j Occasioned by a Sentence of 
Death, | passed on [David Wallis] a poor Young Man, | for the 
Murder of his Companion. | With some Historical Passages refer- j 
ring to that Unhappy Spectacle. || Boston, N. E. Printed by John 
Allen, for Nicholas Boone, at the Sign of the Bible in Cornhil. 
1 7 1 3. i2mo. pp. (2), xiv, 64. 

244. A Flying Roll, | Brought forth, to Enter into the House | 

and Hand of the Thief. | | The | Crime & the Doom | Of 

the Thief declared ; | The Various Wages of his | Theft | Detected 
and Exposed ; | And a Repentance demanded | from the Alale- 
factor. I In a Sermon Preached at Boston, | P. M. Lords-Day. 
11 d. II m. 1 712. || Boston in New-England: Printed by B. 
Green. Sold by Timothy Green, at his Shop in Middle Street. 
1 7 13. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 34. Z?, //, P. 

245. Golgotha, j I A Lively | Description of Death 

[Made, 28 d. 4 m. 17 13]. | With | Such Thoughts, as are to | be 
Entertained by Men, that | they may not Perish, in that | very 
Day, when the Thoughts of | Men do Perish. | Occasioned | By 
some fresh Instances of | Early Mortality. | With | A more par- 
ticular Memorial | of One of them ; Namely, j Mr. Recompence 



COTTON MATHER. I I 3 

Wadsworth, a | Late School-Master in Boston. || Boston in N. E. 
Printed by B. Green, for Daniel Henchman at his Shop in King 
Street. 1713- i2mo. pp. 46. M. 

246. Hezekiah. | A Christian | Armed with Strength | from 
above ; | to keep him from Fainting | in a day of | Adversity. In 
a brief Essay at the Boston Lecture, Nov. 26, 1 7 13. || Boston: 
Printed by B. G. for Benj. Eliot. 1713. i2mo. pp.37. P*. 

247. Instructions for Children, in Verse, including the Body of 
Divinity. Being pp. 37-42 of the A, B, C, of Religion. 1 7 13. 

248. A Letter | About a Good Management under the Dis- 
temper of the Measles, at [ this time Spreading in the Country. 
Here Published for the Benefit of | the Poor and such as may want 
the Help | of Able Physicians. [Boston, 17 13.] Fol. pp. 4. 
Anonymous. M. 

T. Prince writes, "Y e style is Dr. C. Mather's." 
"There is 'A LETTER, about a Good Management under the 
Distemper of the Measles,' &c, which was printed without date or 
signature, some time during the last century. It is mentioned by 
Dr. Josiah Bartlett, in his historical address delivered before this 
[Massachusetts Medical] Society, June 6, 18 10, who speaks of it 
as being 'on the files' of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and 
leaves it to be inferred that it is in manuscript. Dr. Bartlett says 
that it was written, probably, during the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century, and that ' it can be viewed in no other light, than 
as an ancient curiosity.' Several writers of medical history have 
repeated the same statement. The copy of the 'Letter' in the 
possession of the Historical Society is a small four-page, printed 
sheet, and its full title is 'A LETTER, about a Good Manage- 
ment under the Distemper of the Measles, at this time Spreading 
in the Country. Here Published for the Benefit of the Poor, and such 
as may want the help of Able Physicians.' 

" It bears the marks of having been folded, and in former times 
might have been spoken of as 'on the files.' It is signed ' Tour 
Hearty Friend and Servant,' and immediately below, the words 
'Cotton Mather, I guess by the Style,' are written in Dr. Jeremy 
Belknap's handwriting. On the authority of this guess it has been 
ascribed to Dr. Mather; and in the catalogue of ante-revolutionary 
publications given in the 'Transactions' of the American Anti- 
quarian Society, it has been referred to the year 1713 as the date 

VOL. III. 8 [November 1, 1883.] 



I 14 CLASS OF 1678. 

of its appearance, because at that time measles were very prevalent 
in Boston. An advertisement, however, in ' The Boston Evening 
Post,' November 12, 1739, announces this 'Letter' — with its 
long title given exactly — as 'Just published,' which would seem 
to fix the time of its appearance. As Mather died February 13, 
1728, it is plain that he could not have written it, unless it was a 
re-publication, of which there is no evidence." — S. A. Green, 
Centennial Address, June 7, 1881. 

249. A Man of his Word. A very brief Essay, on Fidelity In 
Keeping of Promises and Engagements. At Boston-Lecture ; in 
the Audience of his Excellency the Governour, and of the General 
Assembly 11 d. 4 m. 17 13. Boston: Printed by John Allen, for 
N. Boone. 8vo. pp. (2), 22. Anonymous. B, W. 

250. Nepenthes Evangelicum. A brief Essay, upon a Soul at 
Ease in what Piety will bring both Parents and Children to. A 
Sermon Occasioned by the Death of a Religious Matron, Mrs. 
Mary Rock, who having Enter'd the 81st Year of her Age, With- 
drew from us 30 d. 7 m. 1 7 1 3. Boston: Printed by Thomas 
Fleet for D. Henchman. 17 13. i2mo. pp. 48. Anonymous. 

B. 
Mrs. Rock was the daughter of the Reverend John Wilson of 
Boston, and "one of the First-born, if not the very First of her 
Sex that was born in this famous Metropolis of the English-Amer- 
ica: and who deserves to be honourably mentioned as long as Boston 
shall endure, which, I hope, will be unto the Second Coming of 
our Saviour." p. 4. The Reverend Samuel Danforth of Roxbury, 
H. U. 1643, was her first husband. 

251. A I New Offer | To the Lovers of | Religion and Learn- 
ing. || [Boston. 1713.] sm. 8vo. pp. 16. Being A Prospectus 
for the Publication of his Biblia Americana. W. 

Thomas Prince says, " I cannot forbear expressing my most 
earnest Wishes that That admirable Labour of his, The Ameri- 
can Bible, might soon appear ... an extraordinary Work, that 
his Heart has been set upon from his early Days, and has taken 
Him up almost Fifty Tears to compose." The work is a learned 
illustration of the Old and New Testaments. A proposition to 
publish it in three volumes folio failed. It is now in the library of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

252. A Present of Summer-Fruit. | A very brief Essay | To 



COTTON MATHER. I I 5 

Offer | Some Instructions of | Piety, | Which the Summer-Season | 
more Particularly and Empha- | tically Leads us to; But such | 
also as are never out of Season. | Being | The Short Entertain- 
ment of an | Auditory in Boston, on a Day | distinguished with 
the Heat of | the Summer ; 5 d. 5 m. 1713. || Boston : Printed and 
Sold by B. Green, in Newbury Street. 1 imo. pp. 29. M. 

253. The Sad Effects of Sin. | | A True Relation of the | 

Murder | Committed by | David Wallis, | On his Companion | 
Benjamin Stolwood : | On Saturday Night, the first of Au- | gust, 
1713. With his Carriage af- [ ter Condemnation; His Confessi- | 
on and Dying Speech at the Place | of Execution, &c. | To which 
are added, The Sermons | Preached at the Lecture in Boston, | 
in his Hearing, after his Condem- | nation ; And on the Day of 
his I Execution, | being Sept. 24, 1 7 1 3- || Boston in N. E. Printed 
by John Allen, for Nicholas Boone, at the Sign of the Bible in 
Cornhil. 1713- i2mo. Pp. 1 - 14 A Narrative of David Wallis. 
Anonymous. B, M, 

The first Sermon has the following title-page : — 

The Curbed Sinner. | | A Discourse [Boston-Lecture 

10 d. 7 m. 1713-] I Upon the Gracious and Wondrous | Restraints | 
Laid by the | Providence | of the Glorious God, | On the Sinful 
Children of Men, to | Withold them from Sinning against | Him. | 
Occasioned by a Sentence of Death, | passed on a poor Young 
Man, I for the Murder of his Companion. | With some Historical 
Passages refer- | ring to that Unhappy Spectacle. || Boston. 1 71 3. 
i2tno. pp. 64. Running-title, Restraints Merciful and Won- 
derful. 

The other Sermon is The Heinous Nature of the Sin of Murder. 
By Benjamin Colman. Boston. 1 7 1 3. 

254. Tabitha Rediviva. | | An | Essay [Boston, p. m. 

8. d. 12. m. 1 7 12, 13.] I To Describe and Commend the | Good 
Works I Of a I Vertuous Woman ; | Who therein approves her 
self a I Real Disciple | Of an | Holy Saviour. | With some Jus- 
tice done to the Memo- | ry of that Religious and Honoura- | ble 
Gentlewoman, | Mrs. Elizabeth Hutchinson. | Who expired, 3. d. 
12. m. 1 71 2, 13. I In the LXXI Year of her Age. || Boston: 
Printed by J. Allen. 1 713. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 56, and pp. 
(1-2) being Six Stanzas of Watts beginning "Why do we mourn 
Departed Friends." M. 



I l6 CLASS OF 1678. 

255. A Testimony against Evil Customs Given by Several 
Ministers. [Boston. 1713-] 4-to. pp. 4. B. 

256. Things to be more thought upon. | | A Brief | Trea- 
tise I on the I Injuries Offered unto | the Glorious and Only Sav- 
iour I of the World : | In many Instances, where- | in the Guilty 
are seldome Aware | of their being so Injurious to the | Eternal 
Son of God. I With a more Particular Conviction of the | Jewish 
and Asian Infidelity. || Boston : Printed by Thomas Fleet for 
Daniel Henchman, in King-Street. 1713- sra. i2mo. pp. 108. 
Anonymous. P. 

257. What should be most of all Tho't upon. | | A | Brief 

Essay [Boston-Lecture, 17 d. 7 m. 1713.] | To Awaken in a | Dy- 
ing Man, I (That is to say, in Every Man,) A | Proper and a 
Lively Concern for, | A Good State | after | Death. | With some 
Directions | How that Good State is to be | Obtain'd and En- 
sur'd. || Boston : Printed by T. Green, for D. Henchman, in King- 
Street. 1713- i2mo. Pp. i-ii To the Reader ; pp. 1-39 Text; 
pp. 40-42 Two Hymns Transcribed from the Sweet Composures 
of Mr. Isaac Watts ; p. 1 Advertisement. Anonymous. //, M. 

258. Wholesome Words. A Visit of Advice, Given unto 
Families that are Visited with Sickness ; By a Pastoral Letter, 
briefly declaring the Duties incumbent on all Persons in the Fami- 
lies that have any Sick Persons in them. Boston : D. Henchman. 
171 3. i2mo. pp. (2), 24. Anonymous. B, P*. 

The author wrote in 1702 : " It being impossible for me to visit 
the many scores of Sick Families in my Neighbourhood, and yett 
it being my desire to visit them as far as tis possible I composed a 
sheet, which I Entituled, WHOLESOME WORDS, or, A Visit 
of Advice, to Families visited with Sickness. I putt myself to y e 
small Expense of printing it ; and then dividing my Flock into 
Three parts I singled out three Honest men, unto whom I com- 
mitted the care of lodging a sheet in Every Family, as fast as they 
should hear of any falling sick in it. The Lord makes this my 
poor Essay, Exceeding Acceptable & Serviceable." 

S. Mather enters the first edition in 1702. 

259. The Will of a Father Submitted to. | | The Duty 

of I Patient Submission | To every Condition, | which the Provi- 
dence of God, I Orders for the Children of Men. | Enforced [8 d. 
9 m. 1 7 13] from the | Glorious Pattern of the | Blessed Jesus, | 



COTTON MATHER. WJ 

Readily and Cheerfully Submitting to | take the Cup, which His 
Father j had given Him. | In a very Brief Discourse, | made with 
a special Regard unto a | Religious Family, Burying an Only | 
Son. | And at a Time of much Affliction in the Neighbourhood. || 
Boston: Printed by T. Fleet for D. Henchman. 17 13. sm. 8vo 
or i6mo. pp. 40. Anonymous. B, JV. 

260. Death Approaching. Boston. 17 14. Anonymous. P*. 

261. Duodecennium Luctuosum. | | The History of a 

Long I War | With Indian Salvages, | And their Directors and 
Abettors; | From the Year, 1702. To the Year, 17 14. | Com- 
prised in A I Short Essay, to declare the Voice of the | Glorious 
God, in the Various Occurrences | of that War, which have been 
thought Mat- I ters of more Special Observation. | A Recapitula- 
tion made in the Audience, | of His Excellency the Governour, | 
and the General Assembly of the | Massachusett Province at Bos- 
ton, I 30. d. VII. m. 1 7 14. || Boston: Printed by B. Green, for 
Samuel Gerrish, at his Shop on the North-side of the T. House. 
1 7 14. 8vo. pp.30. Anonymous. A,B,M,W. 

262. The Glorious Throne. | | A Short View of Our 

Great | Lord-Redeemer, | On His Throne ; | Ordering by His 
Providence, all the | Changes in the World: | And most Particu- 
larly, what has Occurr'd in | the Death of Our Late Memorable | 
Sovereign, | And the Legal j Succession of the British Crown, | to 
the Illustrious House of | Hanover. | In a Sermon on that Great 
Occasion, | at Boston in New-England | on 23 D. VII M. 1714. || 
Boston : Printed by B. Green. Sold by S. Gerrish, at his Shop 
at the North-side of the T. House. 17 14. sm. 8vo. pp. 37. 

A, B, P, W. 

263. Insanabilia ; | or an | Essay | Upon | Incurables; | Han- 
dling that Case, | What shall People do under | their Griefs, when 
there is | no Curing of them ? | And Aimed at the | Comfort and 
Counsil I Of the Many, who Encounter those | Grievous Things, | 
For which there is no Remedy | but | Patience. || Boston : Printed 
by T. Fleet, for Samuel Gerrish. 17 14. i2mo. pp.48. Anony- 
mous. B. 

264. A Life of Piety Resolv'd upon. | | A brief and plain | 

Essay, j Upon, A Life of Religion, | in, | A Walk before the Glo- 
rious God. I And the | Resolutions | Wherewith such a Walk | is 
to be come into. | Made [Boston. 7. d. 1. m. 1713, 14.], upon the 



I 1 8 CLASS OF 1678. 

Death of that | Honourable and Religious j Gentlewoman, | Mrs. 
Sarah Thing ; | Who after many Steps in that | Walk, arrived 
unto the | Blessed end of it ; | 28. d. 12. m. 1 7 13, 14. || Boston: 
Printed by John Allen, for Nicholas Boone, at the Sign of the 
Bible in Cornhill. 17 14. sm. i2mo. pp. 34. M. 

265. Maternal Consolations. | An Essay | on | The Consola- 
tions I of God I whereof, | A Man whom his Mother comforteth 
... on the Death of | Mrs. Maria Mather | the Consort of the 
Eminent | Dr. Increase Mather. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, 
for Samuel Gerrish. 17 14. i2mo. pp. 44, (4). 

266. A Monitor for Communicants. | | An Essay | To 

Excite and Assist. | . . . Religious Approaches | To The j Table 
of the Lord. | Offered by an Assembly of the | New-English Pas- 
tors, I unto their own Flocks, and | unto all the Churches in | 
these American Colonies ; | With | A Solemn Testimony to | that 
Cause of God, and j Religion, in them. || Boston. 1714. sm. 
i6mo or 24tno. pp. 22. Anonymous. W. 

The Testimony is signed by Zechariah Whitman, Peter Thacher,' 
John Norton, John Danforth, Joseph Belcher, Nathanael Eeles, 
with the Unanimous Vote & Consent of the whole Association. 

The same. Printed by T. Fleet and T. Crump, for Samuel 
Gerrish and Daniel Henchman, and Sold at their Shops. Boston. 
1715. i2mo. pp. 24. 

The same. The Third Edition. Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, 
and T. Crump ; for Samuel Gerrish, and Daniel Henchman, and 
Sold at their Shops. 1715. Price 4d. Single, and 3s. per Doz. 
sm. i2mo. pp. 24. .6, H. 

The same. "In English and Indian. Boston. 17 16. pp. 20 
& 20." P*. 

The same. The Fourth Edition. New London : T. Green. 
1732. i2mo. pp. (4), 18. B. 

The same. Another Edition. Boston. Reprinted and Sold 
by S. Kneeland, over against the Prison in Queen-Street. 1750. 
i2mo. pp. 21. M. 

267. Pascentius. | | A very brief Essay | Upon | The 

Methods I of Piety. | Wherein | People in whom the Difficulties 
of the I Times have caused Anxieties, | may have a Comfortable 
Assu- I ranee of being At all Times | Comfortably Provided for. | 
Offered | Unto the Inhabitants of Boston, at | their Lecture, 23 d. 



COTTON MATHER. II9 

X. m. 1 7 14. || Boston, in N. E. Printed by B. Green, for Benj. 
Eliot and Joanna Perry, sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 33. Running- 
title, How to Live in Hard Times. i?, W. 

268. A Perfect Recovery. | | The Voice | Of the | Glo- 
rious God, I Unto Persons, whom His Mercy | has Recovered 
from I Sickness. | Exhibited in a Brief Discourse [at the Boston- 
Lecture, 21 d. 11 m. and 4 d. 1 m. 1713-14.] to | the Inhabi- 
tants of a Place, that | had pass'd thro' a very | Sickly Winter, | And 
a Time of much Adversity. With some 'Remarks on the Shining | 
Patterns of Piety, left by Some | very Young Persons, who died in 
the com- | mon Calamity. || Boston. 1 714. sm. i2mo. pp. 60. 
Anonymous. i?, W. 

269. The Religion of the Cross. | | A Brief Essay [p. m. 

15. d. 9. m. 1713.] I Upon the | Cross | Whereof our Great Sav- 
iour, once I Crucified for us, will have every | Christian, to be a 
Sufferer. | With some Instructions unto the [ Christian | How to 
bear the | Cross appointed for him. | Occasioned by what was En- 
countred in | the Death of that Vertuous | Gentlewoman [his 
wife], I Mrs. Elizabeth Mather, | Who Expired, 9. d. IX. m. 
17 13. || Boston: Printed by John Allen: And are to be Sold by 
Nicholas Boone, at the Sign of the Bible in Cornhill. 17 14. 
i2mo. Pp. (1-2) Preface. Nov. 16, 1703; pp. 1-47 The Text, 
pp. 42-47 being Appendix; p. (1) Hymn from Watts. Anony- 
mous. P. 

270. The Sacrificer. | | An Essay [Boston-Lecture. 15 u. 

2 m. 1 7 14.] I Upon the | Sacrifices, | Wherewith a Christian, lay- 
ing I a Claim to an | Holy Priesthood, | Endeavours to Glorify | 
God. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, for Samuel Gerrish, at the 
North-side of the Town-House. 1714. i2mo. pp. 45 The 
Sacrifices of Christianity; pp. (1-3) Books printed for and Sold 
by Samuel Gerrish. A. 

271. The Saviour with his Rainbow. A Discourse concerning 
the Covenant which God will remember in the Times of Danger 
passing over his Church. (Dedication by Samuel Mather.) Lon- 
don. 1 7 14. 8vo. pp. 23. Reprinted from the first Boston 
edition. See 1712, No. 233. 

272. A Short Life, yet not a vain one: occasioned by some In- 
stances of Mortality. 1714. S. 

273. A Short View of our Glorious Redeemer on his Throne. 
Boston. 1714. 



120 CLASS OF 1678. 

274. Verba Vivifica : some Words of Life, produced by the 
Death of some young Persons. Boston. 1714- Anonymous. 

P*. 

275. Vita brevis ; an Essay upon Withering Flowers. Boston. 
1 7 14. Anonymous. S. 

276. Benedictus. | | Good Men | Described, | And the 

Glories of their | Goodness, declared. | With j Some Character, & 
History of | One who belonged unto the Tribe ; | Namely, | Mr. 
Thomas Bridge, | A Late Pastor of the First-Church in [ Boston ; 
Who Expired, | 26 d. VII m. 1 7 1 5. | Whereto there is added, An 
Instru- I ment, which he wrote, when he | drew near his End, and 
Left as a | Legacy to Survivors, relating some | of his Experiences ; 
And offering some | Testimonies to the cause of Religion. || Boston : 
Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Gerrish, Daniel Henchman, and 
Benj. Gray, at their Shops. 1 7 1 5. 241110. pp. 1-58. B, M, P. 

277. The Grand Point of Sollicitude. A very brief Essay upon 
Divine Desertions, the Symptoms of them, and the Methods of 
Preventing them. A Sermon published for the Service of Others, 
by One of the Hearers, more particularly affected on the Hearing 
of it. Boston: Printed by B. Green. 1 715. i2mo. pp. 31. 
Anonymous. P*. 

278. Just Commemorations. | | The | Death | of | Good 

Men, Considered ; | and | The Characters of Some who | have 
lately Died in the Service of | the Churches, Exhibited. | Unto 
which there is added, | A brief Account of the Evangelical | Work 
among the Christianized | Indians of New-England ; | Whereof 
One of the Persons here | Commemorated [Grindal Rawson], was 
a Valuable | and Memorable Instrument. || Boston in N. E. Printed 
by B. Green : Sold by Samuel Gerrish at his Shop on the North 
side of the Town House. [Printed off April 9 th . 1715.] 8vo. 
Pp. i-iv [Dedication] To the Honourable Judge Sewall ; pp. 1-58 
Text. The Running-title of pp. 40-45 is Mantissa, Memorials of 
Grindal Rawson; pp. 46-54 Appendix, an Account of the Evan- 
gelical Work among the Indians ; and pp. 54-58 Postscript. 
Anonymous. i?, H y M. 

279. "Monitor for y e Children of y e Coven!" 17 15. Anony- 
mous. P*. 

280. Nuncia Bona | e Terra Longinqua. | | A Brief Ac- 
count j of Some I Good & Great Things | A Doing | For the 



COTTON MATHER. 121 

Kingdom of God, | In the Midst of | Europe : | Communicated 

in a Letter to . || Boston in New-England : Printed by B. 

Green, for Samuel Gerrish, at his Shop on the North Side of the 
Town-House. 1 7 1 5. i6mo. pp.14; page 14 being a Postscript 
from Dr. Kennet, on Charity Schools. A, B, M, P. 

281. Parentalia. | | An Essay | Upon the | Blessings and 

Comforts | Reserved for | Pious Children | After the Death | of 
their | Pious Parents. | And a Commemoration of Two | such 
Parents; in a Sermon | Preached [_22d. IX m. 1715] on a Time of 
Prayer, attend- | ed by some Christians in the Neighbour- | hood, 
with the Children of an Honou- | rable and Religious Family ; 
whose Fa- | ther first, and then at some distance of | Time, their 
Mother, have been taken | from them. || Boston : Printed by J. 
Allen, for N. Boone, at the Sign of the Bible in Cornhil. 1 7 15. 
sm. 8vo. pp. 34. Running-title, Blessings and Comforts for 
Pious Orphans. M. 

282. Shaking Dispensations. | | An Essay | Upon the 

Mighty Shakes, | which | The Hand of Heaven, hath given, | and 
is giving, to the World. | With Some | Useful Remarks | On the 
Death of the | French King, | Who left off to make the World a | 
Wilderness, and to destroy the Cities | thereof; on the Twenty- 
first of I August. 1 7 15. I In a Sermon on that great Occasion, | At 
Boston, New England. | 13 d. VIII. m. 1715. || Boston: Printed 
by B. Green for S. Gerrish. Sold at his Shop at the N. side of 
the T. House. 1715. 8vo. pp. 50. A, M. 

283. A Sorrowful Spectacle. | | In Two Sermons [29 d. 

III. m. 1 7 15.], I Occasioned by a Just Sentence of | Death, on 
[Margaret Gaulacher] a Miserable Woman, | for the Murder of a 
Spu- I rious Offspring. | The One Declaring, | The Evil of an 
Heart Har- | dened, under and against all [ Means of Good. | The 
Other Describing, | The Fearful Case of such as in a | Suffering 
Time, and much more | such as in a Dying Hour, are found | with- 
out the Fear of God. | With some Remarkable Things, relating 
to I the Criminal ; proper for All to be In- | formed of. || Boston : 
Printed by T. Fleet & T. Crump, for Samuel Gerrish, on the 
North Side of the Town-House, in King-Street. 1 715. i2mo. 
Pp. i-vii The Occasion ; pp. 3-92 A Sorrowful Spectacle. i?, P. 

The second sermon, with a separate title, is by Benjamin Colman. 

284. Successive Generations. | | Remarks | upon | The 



122 CLASS OF 1678. 

Changes of a | Dying World, | Made by | One Generation | pass- 
ing off, and another | Generation coming on. | Delivered in the 
Audience of the | General Assembly | of the Massachusetts-Prov- 
ince, I New-England. 8 d. X m. 17 15. || Boston: Printed by B. 
Green: Sold by Samuel Gerrish at his Shop. 1 7 1 5. i2mo. 
pp. 42. H. 

285. Verba Opportuna : The Circumstances of Boston consid- 
ered, with fresh Inculcations of Piety. 1715. Anonymous. P*. 

286. The Christian Cynick. | | A brief Essay | On a | 

Merciful Saviour, | Address'd by an | Unworthy Sinner ; | With | 
Directions and Encouragements | For the | Addresses, | Which 
will obtain His Favours. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, for D. 
Henchman, at the Corner Shop over against the Brick Meeting- 
House. 1716. i2mo. pp. 42; pp. (1-3) Advertisements. 
Running-title, The Favours of the Saviour asked for. Anony- 
mous. jP, 5, IV. 

287. A brief Essay on Tokens for Good. 1716. S. 

288. The City of Refuge. | | The | Gospel of the City | 

Explained [To a Society of Young People. 5 d. XII m. 1715-16]; | 
And the Flight of a | Distressed Sinner | Thereunto, | Directed 
and Quickened •, | With a special Aspect on the Intentions of | 
Early Piety. || Boston: Printed by T. Fleet and T. Crump, for 
Daniel Henchman, at the Corner Shop over against the Brick 
Meeting-House. 17 16. i2mo. pp. 33. Anonymous. P. 

289. Directions How to spend the Lords Day Evening. 17 16. 

S. 

290. The Echo's of Devotion. | A very brief and plain | Essay 
[at Boston Lecture, 21 d. V m. 1715.] | on those Acts of Compli- 
ance I which all | Calls to Piety | are to be entertained withal. | 
... I Now published. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet and T. 
Crump, for Samuel Gerrish. 17 16. i2mo. pp. 36. Anony- 
mous. M. 

291. Fair Dealing | between Debtor and Creditor. | | A 

very brief Essay | upon | The Caution to be used, | about coming 
in to I Debt, | And getting out of it. | Offered at Boston-Lec- 
ture ; I 5. d. XI m. 1 715—16. || Boston: Printed by B. Green, for 
Samuel Gerrish, at his Shop over against the North side of the 
Town-House. 17 16. 8vo. pp. 30. y/, .£, //, Z, M. 

292. Letter to Dr. John Woodward, of London, respecting 



COTTON MATHER. I 23 

Bridget and Jane Moulton, etc. 17 16. In the Collections of 
the New Hampshire Historical Society, iii. 122. 

293. Life swiftly Passing and quickly Ending. | | A very 

Short I Sermon, | on the | Shortness of Humane | Life. | Preached 
[15 d. 11 m. 1 7 15-16] after the Death of | Mrs. Mehetabel Ger- 
rish, I The Consort of Mr. Benjamin Gerrish, and | the Daughter 
of John Plaisted, Esq. | Who died III d. XI m. 1715-16. In the | 
Twenty First Year of her Age. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet 
and T. Crump, in Pudding-Lane, near the Town-House. 1715- 
16. 8vo. pp. 20. Running-title, A Meditation on the Weavers 
Shuttle. H. 

294. Menachem. | | A very brief Essay, | on | Tokens 

for Good : | Wherein, | Together with the Good Signs | which all 
Good Men have to | Comfort them, there are Exhibited [ also some 
Good Things of a | Late Occurrence, and of a Great Im- | por- 
tance, which have a Comfortable | Aspect on the Protestant | 
Religion in General, and more | particularly on a Countrey of | 
Distinguished Protestants. | A Sermon, | Delivered in an Honour- 
able Audience, [ At Boston. | 1 1 D. VIII M. 1716. || Boston: 
Printed for Benjamin Gray, at the upper End of King-Street. 
1 7 16. pp. 45. B, P. 

295. Piety Demanded. 1716. Anonymous. P*. 

296. Pleasures of True Piety. Boston. 17 16. i2mo. pp.90. 

S. 

297. The Resort of Piety. | | Our Saviour | Considered 

and Exhibited, as a [ Tree of Life, | Which All may and must 
Resort | unto. | And an Early Flight unto | Him, very particularly 
called for. | An Essay | Offered unto a Society of Young | Men, 
United in the Intentions of | Early Piety. | On the Lord's-Day 
Evening, | 18 d. I m. 1716. || Boston: Printed in the Year 1716. 
sm. i2mo. pp. 47. Anonymous. 

298. The Servant of Abraham. With Motives for the Instruc- 
tion of Servants. Boston. 1716. i2mo. P*. 

299. Some Seasonable Advice unto the | Poor | To be annexed 
unto the | Kindnesses of God, that are dispensed | unto them. || No 
title-page or date. i2mo. pp. 12. Anonymous. P. 

May have been printed in 17 16 or 1726. 

"Sold by T. Fleet, at his printing press." — MS. note. 

300. The Stone Cut out of the | Mountain. | And | The King- 



124 CLASS OF 1678. 

dom of God, j In | Those Maxims of it, that | cannot be shaken. | 
Rev. XIV. 7. I Fear God, and Give Glory to Him ; for the Hour | 
of His Judgment is Come. | Exhibited in the Year | Seventeen 

hundred & Sixteen. | | Lapis e Monte Excisus. | Atque | 

Regnum Dei, | Ejusdemque Principia in aeternum | Stabilienda. | 
Apoc. XIV. 7. I Timete Deum, et ei tribuite Gloriam ; nam venit | 
Hora Judicij ejus. | Editur Anno Domini, M DCC XVI. || [Bos- 
ton.] 8vo. Pp. 13 -f- 13, English and Latin. Anonymous. 

J, H, M, W. 

301. Utilia. I J Real and Vital | Religion | Served, | In 

the Various & Glorious Intentions of it. | With Eight Essays | 
Upon important Subjects, which | have a Serviceable Aspect upon 
it. I I. Joshua, Or, The Joyful Sound, of a | Saviour leading into 
Rest. I II. En-Gedi. Or, The Delights of Piety. | III. Urijah. 
Or, The | Light of God in | the Soul of Man. | IV. Chilion. Or, 
Thorough Christianity. | V. Bochim. Or, The Weepers of Zion. I 
VI. Shemajah. Or, The Successful | Petitioner. | VII. Azubah : 
Or, A Believer in a Wil- | derness. | VIII. Upon Alamoth. A 
Discourse | of Unknown Things. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, 
& T. Crump, for Daniel Henchman. 1716. sm. i2mo. pp. (5), 
(1), 288; pp. 5 being the Preface by Increase Mather, dated Dec. 
19, 1 7 15. Anonymous. IV. 

302. Anastasius; The Resurrection of Lazarus improved. 
1717. S. 

303. A Brief | Account | of the State of the | Province | of 
the I Massachusetts-Bay | in | New-England, | Civil and Ecclesi- 
astical. I I By a Lover of his Country. || Boston : Printed by 

T. Crump for Gillam Phillips, and Sold at his Shop, over against 
the West End of the Town-House. 1 7 1 7. 8vo. pp.8. Anony- 
mous. M. 

" D r C. M." written on the title-page. 

304. The Case of a troubled Mind. | | A brief Essay 

[20 d. XI. m. 1716-17.], I upon the | Troubles | of a | Mind; | 
Which apprehends the Face of a gracious God | Hidden from it. | 
The Symptoms of the Troubles, | And the Methods of prevent- | 
ing them. || Boston: Printed by B. Green, for S. Gerrish. 1 7 1 7. 
l8mo. pp. 27. Anonymous. B. 

The same. The Second Edition. Boston : Printed by G. 
Rogers for N. Procter, at the Bible and Dove on Fish-Street. 
1741. 8vo. P. (1) Preface; pp. 1-23 Text. P. 



COTTON MATHER. I 25 

305. Febrifugium. An Essay for the Cure of Ungodly Anger. 
Boston. 17 17. 8vo. S. 

306. Hades Look'd into. | | The Power of Our Great | 

Saviour | Over the j Invisible World, | and the | Gates of Death, | 
Which lead into that World. | Considered, In | A Sermon | Preached 
at the Funeral | of the Honourable [Major-General], | Wait Win- 
throp Esq; | Who Expired, 7d. IX m. 1717. | In the LXXVI 
Year of his Age. || Boston: Printed by T. Crump. 17 17. 8vo. 
Pp. i-vi A Preface of Dr. Increase Mather; pp. 1-42 Text, 
running-title, The Keys of the Invisible World ; pp. 43-46 Epi- 
taphium. B, H, M. 

307. Icono-clastes. | | An Essay [at Boston-Lecture. 29. d. 

I. m. 1 716.] I upon the | Idolatry, | too often committed under 
the I Profession of the | most Reformed [ Christianity ; | And a 
Discovery of the | Idols which all | Christians are | Every where 
in danger of. || Boston : Printed by John Allen, for Daniel Hench- 
man, at his Shop over against the Brick Meeting House. 17 17. 
i2mo. Pp. (1-6) Preface; pp. 1-37 Text, Running-title, Idols 
Discovered; p. (1) Advertisements. £, H. 

308. Instructions to the Living, | from the Condition of the | 
Dead, j I A Brief Relation of Remarka- | bles in the Ship- 
wreck of a- I bove One Hundred | Pirates, | Who were Cast away 
in the Ship | Whido, on the Coast of New- | England, April 26. 
1717. I And in the Death of Six, who af- | ter a Fair Trial at Bos- 
ton, were | Convicted & Condemned, Octob. | 22. And Executed, 
Novemb. 15. | 1 7 1 7. With some Account of | The Discourse 
had with them on | the way to their Execution. | And a Sermon 
preached on | their Occasion. || Boston, Printed by John Allen, for 
Nicholas Boone, at the Sign of the Bible in Cornhill. 1 7 1 7. 
i6mo. pp. 64; pp. 1-38 being The End of Piracy, and 39-64 
Warnings [27. d. VIII. m. 171 7.] | to | Them that make Haste | 
To be I Rich. Anonymous. M. 

309. Malachi. | j Or, The | Everlasting Gospel, | Preached 

unto the Nations. | And those | Maxims of Piety, | which are to 
be I The Glorious Rules of | Behaviour, | The Only Terms of | 
Communion, | and | The Happy Stops to | Controversy, | Among 
All I that would meet and serve those | Advances which the j King- 
dom of God I is now making on the World ; | And what the Dis- 
tressed Nations | must see their Distresses go on, till they | are 



126 CLASS OF 1678. 

brought unto. || Boston : Printed by T. C. for Robert Starke. 
171 7. i2mo. pp. (2), 93. Running-title, The Grand Maxims 
to be United on. Anonymous. 

The same. The Second Edition. Philadelphia. 1767. nmo. 
pp. 59 Introduction ; pp. 56 by Isaac Eaton, A. M. 

310. Piety and Equity United. In Two Essays: 1. The De- 
sires of Piety. 2. The Measures of Equity. Boston : Printed by 
J. Allen, for Robert Starke. 17 17. i2mo. pp. 44, 42. £, S. 

311. Preface of Dr. Increase Mather and Dr. Cotton Mather 
to Bridgewater's Monitor, by James Keith and Samuel Danforth. 
Boston. 1 717. i2mo. N. 

312. Raphael: The Blessings of an healed Soul considered. 
Boston. 1717. S. 

313. The Thankful Christian. | | A brief Essay, | Upon 

those Returns of | Thankfulness and Obedience | to the Glorious 
God, in I which there lies the most | Acceptable and Ingenuous | 
Thanksgiving | to Him for his Benefits. | Address'd unto All that 
have I received the Favours of Hea- | ven; But more especially 
un- I to them, who after the good | Successes of a Whaling- j Season, 
would Express their | Gratitude unto God their | Saviour. ]| Bos- 
ton: Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Gerrish, and Sold at his 
Shop near the Town-House. 1 71 7. i2mo. pp. 1-43; p. (1) 
The Christian's Thank-Offering. Anonymous. P. 

314. The Tribe of Asher. [ A brief Essay | on the | Conspicu- 
ous Blessings | with which | the People of God | and their Off- 
spring I are known to be the | Blessed of the Lord. | A Sermon 
preached on the | Baptism of a Grand-Child. || Boston: Printed in 
the Year, 1717. i2mo. pp. 34. Anonymous. P*. 

315. The Valley of Baca. | | The | Divine Sov'reignty, | 

Displayed & Adored ; | More particularly, in j Bereaving Dispen- 
sations, I Of the I Divine Providence. | A Sermon | Preached on 
the Death of | Mrs. Hannah Sewall ; | The Religious & Honour- 
able Consort | of | Samuel Sewall Esq ; | Which befell us, on the 
19 d. VIII m. 1717. I In the Sixtieth Year of her Age. || Boston : 
Printed by B. Green. 1 7 1 7. Pp. 1-4 To the Honourable Judge 
Sewall; pp. 1-28 Text. y/, B, //, L. 

316. The Valley of Hinnom. | | The Terrours of | Hell | 

demonstrated ; | And the Methods of Escaping the | Terrible Mis- 
eries of the j Punishments on the Wicked | there declared. | In A | 



COTTON MATHER. \2J 

Sermon | Preached in the Hearing, and at the | Request, of [Jere- 
miah Fenwiek] a Man under a Sen- | tenee of Death for a Murder ; | 
Just before the Execution of the | Sentence ; and upon [Matt. x. 
28] a Text bv | himself assigned for the Sermon | to insist upon. | 

I At Boston, 13 d. IV. m. 1 7 1 7. || Boston, Printed by J. 

Allen, for Robert Starke, at his Shop near the New North Meet- 
ing-House. 1 7 1 7. nmo. P. (1) The Occasion; pp. 1-49 A 
View of an Unseen World ; pp. 1-6 The Dying Speech of Jere- 
miah Fenwiek. Anonymous. AI. 

317. Victorina. | | A | Sermon | Preach'd [23. d. X. m. 

1 7 16.] I On the Decease j and | At the Desire, | of j Mrs. Katharin 

Mather, | By her Father, j | Whereunto there is added, | A 

further Account of that | Young Gentlewoman. By another 
Hand. [Thomas Walter.] || Boston : Printed by B. Green, for 
Daniel Henchman, at his Shop over against the Brick Meeting- 
house. 1 7 1 7. nmo. Pp. i-viii Introduction signed Cotton 
Mather; pp. 1-47 Pleasures of True Piety; pp. 47-82 An Ac- 
count, etc. ; pp. 82 — 86 Post Praxis Medica, or Memory of Mrs. 
Katharin Mather, being lines signed J. P. Anonymous. 

B, H, P. 

318. The Voice of the Dove; with Memoirs of Mr. Robert 
Kitchen [probably a Student at Harvard College, who died Sept. 
20, 1 7 16]. 171 7. S. 

319. Zelotes. I A Zeal | For the | House of God ; | Blown up, 
in I a Sermon unto an | Assembly of Christians : [at the Dedication 
of the New Meeting-House on Church Green in Summer Street] 
in the South-Part of Boston | On 8. d. XI. m. 1716, 17. | A Day 
of Prayer kept bv them, | at their First Entrance | into a New 
Edifice Erected | by them, for the Publick Worship of God our 
Saviour. |J Boston : Printed by J. Allen, for Nicholas Boone, at the 
Sign of the Bible in Cornhill. 171 7. l2mo. Pp. 3-44 The 
Zealous Christian. A, B, H, P, IV. 

320. Brethren dwelling together in | Unity. | j The True 

Basis for an | Union | Among the | People of God. | Offered and 
Asserted ; j In | A Sermon | Preached at the Ordination of a j 
Pastor [Elisha Callender], in the Church of the | Baptists. | At 
Boston in New-England. | On 21 d. Ill m. 1 718. | . . . | With a 
Preface of the Reverend | Dr. Increase Mather. || Boston: Printed 
for S. Gerrish in Corn-Hill. 1718. 8vo. Pp. i-iv Preface, 



128 CLASS OF 1678. 

Boston, May 28. 1718. Increase Mather; pp. I -42 Text, Run- 
ning-title, Good Men United. A, B. 

321. Early Piety, exemplified in Elizabeth Butcher of Boston, 
who was born July 14th, 1709, and died June 13th, 1 718, being 
just 8 years and eleven months old. With a Preface by the Rev. 
Mr. Sewall. Fourth Edition. Sold by Samuel Gerrish. Book- 
seller in Cornhill Boston. 1718. i6mo. See Massachusetts His- 
torical Collections, xlvii. 357. 

322. An Essay to do Good unto the Widow. 1718. S. 

323. Faith Encouraged. | | A | Brief Relation | Of a | 

Strange Impression from | Heaven, on the Minds of Some | Jewish 
Children, | At the City of Berlin, | (In the Upper Saxony.) | And 
some Remarks, for the | Improvement of so Marvellous an \ Occur- 
rence. || Boston: Printed by J. Allen, for T. Fleet. 1718. sm. 
8vo. pp. 32. Anonymous. IV. 

324. A I Man of Reason. | | A Brief Essay | to demon- 
strate I That all Men should hearken to | Reason ; | And | What 
a World of Evil would | be prevented in the World, if | Men 
would once become so | Reasonable. || Boston : in N. E. Printed 
for John Edwards, on the South Side of the Town-House in King- 
Street. 1718. i2mo. pp. 1-34. Anonymous. M. 

"About Nine years ago I formed a briefe Treatise, which I en- 
tituled, A Alan of Reason. One who pretended much Friendship 
to me, carried it for England, with a declared purpose to publish it 
there. The French took him, & he Lost all that he had with him. 
Only one day at his Lodgings in France, his Landlord brought this 
manuscript unto him, telling him I can gett no Good by it ; It may do 
you some good. He carried it over to Bristol with him ; and there 
left it carelessly in an Hand unknown unto mee. After some years, 
it was by the mediation of my Friend Mr. Noble, return'd unto 
me. Here it remained some years, until a religious society of young 
men, asked me Lately to give them a Sermon; and this was the 
sermon, which with some other strange circumstances, that at y e 
Instant brought it into my hand, tho' I had Lodg'd it with one that 
was now gone a voyage from us, I gave unto them. The young 
men at Last committ it unto the press ; and it Looks as if it were 
designed for some Good in y e World." 

325. The Obedient Sufferer. Boston. 1718. i2mo. pp.42. 

S. 



COTTON MATHER. I 2Q, 

326. Providence asserted and adored : A Sermon occasioned by 
the Death of several [Mr. Worthylake, etc.] who were drowned. 
1 7 18. Anonymous. S, P*. 

327. Psalterium Americanum. | | The Book of | Psalms, | 

In a Translation Exactly conformed | unto the Original ; | But all 
in I Blank Verse, | Fitted unto the Tunes commonly used | in our 
Churches. Which Pure | Offering is accompanied with | Illustra- 
tions, digging for Hidden | Treasures in it ; And Rules to | Employ 
it upon the Glorious and | Various Intentions of it. | Whereto are 
added, | Some other Portions of the Sacred | Scripture, to enrich 
the I Cantional. || Boston : in N. E. Printed by S. Kneeland, for 
B. Eliot, S. Gerrish, D. Henchman, and J. Edwards, and Sold at 
their Shops. 1718. 8vo or i6mo. Pp. i-xxxv Introduction; 
pp. xxxv-[xxxvi] An Admonition concerning the Tunes; pp. I- 
410 Text; pp. 411-426 Appendix. Anonymous. J9, H, M. 

Some copies have the Prospectus " Proposals | For Printing by j 
Subscription | Psalterium Americanum," etc., pp. 7. " In this sin- 
gular publication, which is a close translation of the Hebrew, Dr. 
Mather has not only disregarded the modern practice of breaking 
the lines, whether rhymed or not, but he has run out (to use a 
printer's phrase) the whole matter ; so that while each psalm looks 
exactly like prose, and may be read as such, it is, in fact, modulated 
so that it may be sung as lvric verse. The learned Doctor says 
that in the 'twice seven versions' which he has seen, the authors 
put in as large an Heap of poor Things, which, are entirely their 
own, — meerly for preserving the Clink of the Rhyme ; Which after 
all is of small consequence unto a Generous Poem, and none at all 
unto the Melody of Singing." 

The same. The author's manuscript copy as prepared for the 
press. B. 

328. Right Hand of Fellowship of the Churches at the Ordina- 
tion of Thomas Prince, pp. 72-76. 1718. 8vo. In T. Prince's 
Sermon. 

329. Vanishing Things. | | An Essay, | on | Dying Man; } 

Known in his Place no more, | When Death hath once removed j 
him from it. | In | A Sermon | Preached on the Departure of the | 
Shining, and yet Humble, | Mr. Thomas Bernard, | The late Pas- 
tor of a Church | in Andover. | Who expired Suddenly on 13. d. 
VIII. m. 1718. I In the Sixtieth Year of his Age. || Boston : Printed 

VOL. III. Q [November 26, 1833.] 



I3O CLASS OF I678. 

by S. Kneeland, for D. Henchman, and Sold at his Shop. 1718. 
sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 35, (1). Z?, L. 

330. Concio ad Populum. | | A [ Distressed People | En- 
tertained with I Proposals | For the Relief of their | Distresses. | 
In a Sermon at Boston ; made | in the Audience of His Excellency j 
the Governour, and the General | Assembly of the iMassachusetts- 
Bay, I New-England. | 12 d. I m. 1719. |j Boston, New-England: 
Printed by B. Green, for Benj. Eliot, Sold at his Shop in King 
Street. 17 19. 8vo. pp. 29. Running-title, The Valley of 
Vision in the Valley of Achor. A, 5, M, P. 

331. Desiderius. | | Or, | A Desireable Man | Describ'd ; | 

In the Characters of One Worthy to be, | A | Man Greatly 
Beloved. And | An Example of One, who Lived | very much 
Desired, and has Dyed | as much Lamented ; | Given in some 
Commemoration of the | very Valuable and Memorable | Mr. 
James Keith, | Late Minister of the Gospel | in Bridgwater ; | 
Who Expired, on 23. d. V. m. 17 19. In the | Seventy Sixth Year 
of his Age. || Boston: Printed by S. Kneeland. 1719- i2mo. 
pp. 1-34. B, //, M. 

332. The Duty of | Children, | Whose Parents have Pray'd 
for them. | Or, | Early and Real | Godliness | Urged ; | Especially 
upon such as are Descended | from Godly Ancestors. | In a Ser- 
mon, Preached, on May 19. | 1703. A Day Set apart for Pray- | 
er with Fasting, in one of the [ Congregations at Boston, to im- j 
plore the Glorious Grace of God, | for the Rising Generation. || 
The Second Impression. Boston, Printed for J. Edwards <5c B. 
Gray, at their Shops in King-street. 1 7 1 9. i2mo. P. (41) 
title-page; pp. 43-46 The Preface; pp. 47-99 Text, with run- 
ning-title, Lessons of Godliness, for Children of Godlv Ancestors. 
The whole being pp. 41-99 of Increase Mather's Sermon, The 
Duty of Parents to Pray for their Children. Z>, P. 

333. Genethlia Pia ; Or, Thoughts for a Birth-Day. Boston. 
1 7 19. i2mo. pp. (2), 37. Anonymous. B. 

334. A Glorious Espousal. A Brief Essay to Illustrate the 
Marriage, wherein Our Great Saviour offers to Espouse unto Him- 
self the Children of Men ; And there upon to Recommend . . . 
a Good Carriage in the Married Life. An Essay . . . Seasonably 
to be presented, where a Marriage is upon a Celebration. Boston : 
Printed by S. Kneeland, for B. Gray. 1719. 121110. pp. 46. 
Anonymous. B, P*. 



COTTON MATHER. I3I 

335. History of Seasonable Interposition Especially Relating to 
the Fifth of November. Boston. 5 d. IX m. 1 719. pp. 34. 
n. t. p. P. 

336. Letter to Rev. Thomas Bradbury Septemb 7. 1 7 19. Pre- 
fixed to Bradburv's Necessity for Revealed Religion, pp. xix — xxiv. 

337. A Letter, Boston, Nov. 4. 1 7 18, giving the "Character 
of the Inhabitants of New England, and of Col. Shute, their pres- 
ent Governour," Nov. 4, 1718. Fol. broadside. Taken from 
the Flying-Post or Post-master. From Thursday, May 14, to Sat- 
urday May 16, 1 7 19. No. 422. H. 

338. Mirabilia Dei. | | An Essay | On the very | Season- 
able & Remarkable | Interpositions | of the | Divine Providence, | 
To I Rescue & Relieve | Distressed People, | Brought unto the 
very Point | of Perishing ; Especially relating | to that Twice- 
Memorable I Fifth of November, j Offered in the Audience of His 
Ex- I cellency the Governour | and the General Assembly of | the 
Massachusetts-Province, New- | England, On the Fifth of | No- 
vember. 1 7 19. || Boston, Printed by B. Green, Printer to His Ex- 
cellency the Governour & Council. 1 7 19. sm. 8vo or i6mo. 
pp. 34. A, W. 

339. A New-Year Well-begun. | | An | Essay | Offered 

on I A New- Years-Day, | To Provide a | Good Work for such a 
Day, I And Advise, | How a Good Year may certainly | follow 

the Day. | | Boston January 1. 1 7 18—19. || New-London: 

Printed and Sold by T. Green. 1 7 19. i6mo. Pp. 1-2 [Dedica- 
tion] To John Winthrop, Esq. 2. d. XI. m. 171 8, 19; pp. 1-29 
Text ; p. (1) New-Years-Day. From Sir Richard Blackmore's 
Collection of Poems, Printed at London, Anno 171 8. Z>, //, M. 

340. The Religion of an Oath. | | Plain Directions [De- 
livered At Boston : In the Audience of the | General Assembly. | 
20 d. IX m. 1718.] I How the Duty of | Swearing, | May be 
Safely Managed, | When it is Justry Demanded. | And | Strong 
Persuasives | To avoid the Perils of | Perjury. | Concluding with a 
most Solemn Expla- | nation of an Oath, | which the Laws | of 
Denmark have provided for the con- | sideration of them, whom an 

Oath I is propos'd unto. | | Published at the Desire of Some, 

who I apprehend Oaths to be too frequently | and faultily trifled 
with. || Boston, N. E. Printed by B. Green, for D. Henchman, 
Sold at his Shop. 1719- 8vo. pp. 1-30. Anonymous. 

B, H, M. 



I 32 CLASS OF 1678. 

341. Sincere Piety described, and the Trial of Sincerity assisted. 
1717. P*, S. 

342. A I Testimony | against | Evil Customs. | Given by Sev- 
eral Ministers of the Gospel. || Signed by Cotton Mather, Benjamin 
Wadsworth, Benjamin Colman. With the Concurrence of others 
Ministers of Boston. || Boston : in N. E. Printed by Samuel 
Kneeland, for Samuel Gerrish, and Sold at his Shop in Corn-Hill, 
near the Old Meeting-House. 17 19. 4*0. pp. 1-4. //, P. 

343. The Tryed Professor. | | A very Brief Essay, | To 

Detect and Prevent | Hypocrisy, | And make sure of | Sincerity, | 
In the Profession of | Religion. | A Plain, Short, and Useful Man- 
ual I for the I Self-Examination | Which every Christian has Fre- 
quent I and Solemn Occasion for. || Boston : in N. E. Printed by 
S. Kneeland. 1719- sm. 8vo. pp. 16. Running-title, A Man- 
ual for Self-Examination. Anonymous. IV. 

344. Vigilius. I I Or | The Awakener, | Making a Brief 

Essay [XV. d. I. m.], To Rebuke first the | Natural Sleep | Which 
too often proves a Dead Fly, | in the Devotions of | them that 
indulge it. | And then the | iMoral Sleep, | Wherein the Souls of 
Men frequently | Omit the Duties, and Forfeit the Com- | forts, 
of Religion In Earnest. || Boston: Printed by J. Franklin. 1 719. 
8vo. pp. 14. Anonymous. y/, 5, i/, M, P. 

345. A Voice from Heaven. An Account of an uncommon 
Appearance in the Heavens, with Remarks upon it. 17 19. Anony- 
mous. i 3 *. 

346. Youth Advised: An Essay on the Sins of Youth. 1719. 

S. 

347. A Brother's Duty : An Essay on every Man his Brothers 
Keeper. 1720. S. 

348. Coheleth. | | A Soul | upon | Recollection ; | Com- 
ing into I Incontestible Sentiments I of | Religion ; | Such as all the 

Sons of Wisdom, | will and must forever Justify. | | Written 

by a Fellow of the | Royal Society. | | Offering the Advice 

of a Father | going out of the World, unto a | Son coming into it. || 
Boston: Printed by S. Kneeland, for S. Gerrish, and Sold at his 
Shop. 1720. i2mo. pp. 44. Running-title, Right Sentiments 
of Religion. Anonymous. A/, P. 

349. Detur Digniori. | | The Righteous Man | described 

& asserted | as the | Excellent Man; | and | The Excellencies of 



COTTON MATHER. I 33 

such | an One demonstrated. | In a Sermon, upon the Death | of 
the Reverend | Mr. Joseph Gerrish, | Late Pastor to the Church 
in | Wenham : | Who was Received, where the weary | are at Rest ; 
On the 6 d. XI m. 1719. | In the Seventieth Year of his Age. || 
Boston: Printed by B. Green. 1720. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp.29. 

A, B, M. 

350. Letter (supposed) " To The Hon e Judge Sewall " April 
1720. Anonymous. In Massachusetts Historical Society's Col- 
lections, xxxii. 122. 

351. The Salvation of the Soul considered . . . With Directions 
. . . and Incentives. Boston. Printed by B. Green. 1720. 
i2mo. pp. 22. Anonymous. B. 

352. Undoubted Certainties. | | Or, | Piety Enlivened | 

From the View | Of what the Living | Do | Certainly Know | of | 
Death Approaching. | In a Sermon [5 d. IV m. 1720.], Preached 
on the I Death of | Mrs. Abigail Sewall, | Who Expired, 26 d. 
Ill m. 1720. I vEtatis 54 || Boston: Printed by B. Green. 1720. 
8vo. pp. 28. A, B, H. 

353. The Quickened Soul. A Short and Plain Essay on, The 
Withered Hand Revived and Restored. Boston : Printed by B. 
Green. 1720. i2mo. pp. (2), 20. Anonymous. B. 

"Aimed, more Particularly at the Direction of them whose 
Conversion to Piety may be in Danger, thro' wretched and foolish 
Pamphlets, which the Enemies of Grace & of Souls, industriously 
scatter about the Country." It perhaps refers to John Checkley's 
"Choice Dialogues between a Godly Minister and an Honest Coun- 
tryman, concerning Election and Predestination," published anony- 
mously in 1720. 

354. A Year and a Life Well Concluded. A brief Essay, On 
the Good Things Wherein The Last Works Of a Christian, may 
be, and should be, His Best Works. A Sermon Preached on the 
Last Day of the Year, 17 19. Boston: Printed by S. Kneeland, 
for B. Gray, at the Corner Shop on the North side of the Town- 
House. 1719-20. i2mo. pp. 24. Anonymous. 

355. The Accomplished Singer. | | Instructions | How the 

Piety I of I Singing | with a | True Devotion, may be | obtained 
and expressed; the Glo- | rious God after an uncommon | manner 
Glorified in it, and His | People Edified. | Intended for the Assist- 
ance of all that would | Sing Psalms with Grace in their Hearts; | 



134 CLASS OF 1678. 

But more particularly to accompany the | Laudable Endeavours of 
those who are | Learning to Sing by Rule, and seeking to pre- j 
serve a Regular Singing in the Assemblies of | the Faithful. || Bos- 
ton : Printed by B. Green, for S. Gerrish, at his Shop in Cornhill. 
1721. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 24. Anonymous. //, JV. 

Pasted on the reverse of the half-title is "An Attestation From 
the very Reverend Dr. Increase Mather," and on the reverse of 
the title-page, "A Proposal" by the author. 

356. An Account of the Method and further Success of Inocu- 
lating for the Small Pox in London. Boston. 17 14. 8vo. 

S. Mather's list enters this under 1721. Anonymous. 
" Thomas says there were two editions, but I have been unable 
to find either." — J. Sabin. 

357. The Ambassadors Tears. | | A | Minister of the 

Gospel, I Making his Just and Sad | Complaint | Of an | Unsuc- 
cessful Ministry. || Boston: Printed and Sold by T. Fleet. 1721. 
l2mo or i6mo. pp. 27. Anonymous. M. 

358. American Sentiments on the Arian Controversy. London. 
1721. 8vo. S. 

359. The I Christian Philosopher: | A | Collection | of the | 
Best Discoveries in Nature, | with | Religious Improvements. || 
London ; Printed for Eman. Mathews at the Bible in Pater-Noster- 
Row. 1721. 8vo. Pp. iii-vi Dedication To Mr. Thomas Hollis, 
Merchant in London. London, Sept. 22. 1720. Tho. Bradbury; 
pp. vii An Index; p. (1) Books lately Published; pp. 1-6 Intro- 
duction ; pp. 7-304 Text ; p. (1) Errata, pasted on the cover. 

J, £, //, P. 

" In a vessel blown off o r Coast last winter, is this week arrived 
from England; — an Hundred of y e Books are come. I may glo- 
rify God, especially by getting o r Colledges filled with them." 

The same. Charlestown. Middlesex Bookstore. J. McKown, 
Printer. 1815. pp. 1-324. L. 

360. Genuine Christianity. | | Or, | A True Christian | 

Both in Life and in Death, | Glorifying the most Glorious Lord. | 
A Sermon [17 d. VII. m. 1721.] | On the Departure of | Mrs. 
Frances Webb, | The Vertuous Consort of | Mr. John Webb, [ (A 
Pastor to One of the Churches in Boston.) Who Expired Septem- 
ber 14. 1 721. I In the Twenty-Eighth Year of her Age. || Boston: 
Printed by S. Kneeland, for S. Gerrish, at his Shop in Corn-Hill. 
1 72 1. 8vo. pp. 20. A y B, P. 



COTTON MATHER. I 35 

361. Honesta Parsimonia ; | Or, | Time Spent as it | should be. | 
Proposals, | [26. d. XII. m. 1720.], | To prevent that Great Folly | 
and Mischief, j The Loss of Time ; j And Employ the | Talent of 
Time | So Watchfully and Fruitfully | that a Good Account may 
at I Last be given of it. || Boston : Printed by S. Kneeland, for J. 
Edwards, and Sold at his Shop. 1721. i6mo. pp. (4), 23. 
Anonymous. W. 

" Disperse among the Scholars at y e Colledge a number of my 
Honesta Parsimonia." 

362. India Christiana. | ] A Discourse, | Delivered unto 

the I Commissioners, | for the | Propagation of the Gospel among | 
the American Indians [On 18. d. XI. m. 1720. A Time Set | apart 
for Supplications to Heaven for a | Blessing on their Intention, at 
the House | of Judge Sewall.]. | Which is | Accompanied with 
several Instru- | ments relating to the Glorious j Design of Propa- 
gating our Holy | Religion, in the Eastern | as well as the Western 
Indies. [ An Entertainment which they that are { Waiting for the 
Kingdom of God | will receive as Good News | from a far Coun- 
try. || Boston in New-England: Printed by B. Green. 1721. 
8vo. Pp. i-ii [Dedication] To the Honourable Robert Ashhurst ; 
pp. 1-48 Text, etc., with running-title, The Joyful Sound, reach- 
ing to both the Indias; pp. 49-51 Notitia Indiarum ; pp. 52-55 
(doubled) The Religion which all Good Men are united in. In 
Indian & English; pp. 56-61 Unio Fidelium. Communications 
between the Western and Eastern Indias; pp. 62-74 (doubled) 
Latin & English. To Bartholomew Ziegenbalgh, signed Boston. 
New-England, Dec. 31. 1 7 1 7. Cotton Mather; and one in Latin 
and English ; pp. 75-87 (doubled) dated Tranquebar the 10 day of 
December. 17 19. John Ernest Grundler ; pp. 88-94 Appendix. 
The Present Condition of the Indians on Martha's Vineyard, Ex- 
tracted from an Account of Mr. Experience Mayhew, newly Pub- 
lished ; and Corrigenda, pasted on the last cover of the book. 

A, B, H, M, P. 
"My India Christiana being published, I am sending it into sev- 
eral parts of Europe, with Designs to serve the Kingdom of God." 

363. A I Letter | to a | Friend in the Country, | Attempting a 
Solution of the | Scruples & Objections of | a Conscientious or 
Religious I Nature, commonly made | against the New Way of | 
receiving the Small-Pox. | | By a Minister in Boston. || Bos- 



I36 CLASS OF 1678. 

ton : Printed by S. Kneeland, for S. Gerrish, at his Shop in Corn- 
Hill. 1721. 8vo. pp. 13. Anonymous. H. 

364. A Pastoral Letter, to Families Visited with Sickness. 
From several Ministers of Boston, At a time of Epidemical Sick- 
ness Distressing of the Town. The Third Impression. [Colo- 
phon :] Boston : Printed by B. Green, for S. Gerrish, at his Shop 
near the Brick Meeting-House in Cornhill. 1721. nmo. pp.24. 

"I putt a Number of the pastoral Letter to Families Visited with 
sickness, into the hands of a pious physician to be prudently dis- 
persed by him in his Visits." 

365. Silentiarius. A Brief Essay on the Holy Silence and 
Godly Patience, that Sad Things are to be Entertained withal. A 
Sermon at Boston-Lecture; On the Death of Mrs. Abigail Wil- 
lard, And the Day before her Interment ; who Expired Septemb. 
26. 1 721. By her Father. Whereto there is added, A Sermon 
on, The Refuge of the Distressed, which was Preached on the 
Lord's-Day preceding. Boston : Printed by S. Kneeland. 172 1. 
i2mo. pp. 34, 28. Anonymous. 

366. Three | Letters | from | New-England, | Relating to the | 
Controversy | of the | Present Time. || London, Printed for Eman. 
Matthews, at the Bible in Pater-Noster-Row. 1721. [Price 
Fourpence.] 8vo. Pp. 3-6 To the Reverend Mr. Thomas 
Bradbury, Minister of the Gospel in London. Signed Boston in 
New-England, September 7. 1719. Cotton Mather; pp. 7-27 
Some American Sentiments on the great Controversy of the Time. 
In a Letter from America ... To the Reverend Mr. William Tong, 
Mr. Benjamin Robinson, Mr. Jeremiah Smith, and Mr. Thomas 
Reynolds. Boston, New-England July 1. 1720. Cotton A4ather ; 
pp. 28-30 To the Reverend Mr. Thomas Reynolds. Signed 
Boston, New-England July 1. 1720. Increase Mather; pp. (2) 
Catalogue of Books Lately published relating to the Doctrine of 
the Trinity. Anonymous. H. 

367. Tremenda | j The | Dreadful Sound | with which | 

The Wicked are to be I Thunderstruck. | In a Sermon | Delivered 
unto a Great Assembly, | in which was present, a Miserable | Afri- 
can [Joseph Hanno], just going to be Exe- | cuted for a most Inhu- 
mane and I Uncommon Murder. | At Boston, May 25th. 1721. | 
To which is added, | A Conference between a Minister | and the 
Prisoner, on the Day | before his Execution. || Boston : Printed by 



COTTON MATHER. I 37 

B. Green, for B. Gray & J. Edwards, & Sold at their Shops. 
1721. 8vo. pp. 1-40; p. (1) Books printed for and Sold by 
Benj. Gray. Anonymous. B, Z, W. 

368. A Vision in the Temple. | | The | Lord of Hosts, | 

Adored ; | And the | King of Glory | Proclaimed ; | On a Day of 
Prayer kept [May | 10. 1721] at the Opening of the New | Brick 
Meeting-House in the North | part of Boston, by the Ministers of j 
the City, with the Society which | Built it, & this Day Swarmed 
into it. || Boston, Printed for Robert Starkey, And Sold at his 
Shop in Fleet Street. 1721. i2mo. pp. 1-25. The half-title 
is Two Sermons, etc. One by Cotton Mather, and the other by 
Mr. Benja. Wadsworth. B, P. 

" It fell unto me to preach the First Sermon in the New Brick 
Meeting-house. I made it an Opportunity, to glorify my Admira- 
ble Saviour, and I concluded y e Sermon with a very Solemn Speech, 
in my Fathers Name as well as my own, taking a Farewel of 
them. The people publish the Sermon." 

369. The Way of Truth laid out. A Catechism which, as 
with Supplies from the Tower of David, Arms Christians of all 
Ages, to refute the Errors which most commonly assault the Cause 
of Christianity : and To Preserve the Faith once delivered unto the 
Saints. In Seven Essays. The Second Edition. [Boston :] S. 
Kneeland. 1721. i2mo. pp. 8, 95, (2). B. 

This seems to be the second edition, with additions and change 
of title, of " The Man of God furnished with Supplies from the 
Tower of David," entered by Samuel Mather under the year 1706, 
but printed in 1708. Of the Seven Essays, the First, entitled 
" The Fall of Babylon," was appended to " Frontiers well De- 
fended," printed in 1707, No. 178, with a prefatory note headed 
" The Protestant Armed from the Tower of David." At the end 
of the volume is "The Body of Divinity Versified," which was 
(first?) printed in " Maschil," 1702, No. 121. "An Addition," 
pp. 91-95, contains "A Short Catechism for the Conscience, on 
the Condition of the gospellized Plantations." 

370. The World Alarm'd. | | A | Surprizing Relation, | 

Of a New | Burning-Island | Lately raised out of the Sea, | near 
Tercera ; | With | A Geographical and Theological | Improvement 
of So astonishing | an Occurrence. | And | A brief History of the 
other j Ignivomous Mountains at | this day flaming in the World. | 



I38 CLASS OF 1678. 

[Dated Boston, N. E. June 10, 1721 to J. C. Esq.] an Honour- 
able I Fellow of the Royal j Society at London. | From a Member 
of the Same | Society, at Boston. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, 
for S. Gerrish, and Sold at his Shop in Corn Hill. 1721. Pp. 1 — 16 
Text ; pp. (1-2) Books Sold by S. Gerrish. Anonymous. B,M. 

"The Eruption of a New Volcano, producing an Island in the 
Sea, near Tercera, is a just Alarum on a Secure & sleepy world. 
It affords occasion for some Thoughts which may be of Use more 
ways than one if the minds of sensible people may be entertained 
with them. 

" And behold, At the very time, when I am writing my Thoughts 
upon the Subject, the Bookseller comes to me, with Desires to have 
them, that he may give them to the public." 

371. The Angel of Bethesda, | Visiting [ the | Invalids j of a 
Miserable | World. || By a Fellow of the Royal Society. New- 
London : Printed and Sold by Timothy Green. 1722. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. Pp. 1 -15 Text, with running-title, Nishmath-Chajim. 
The Seat of all Diseases & their Cure ; p. 16 De Flatibus Huma- 
num Corpus Molestantibus. By another Hand. Anonymous. 

M, IV. 

372. Bethiah. The Glory Which Adorns the Daughters of 
God. And the Piety, Wherewith Zion wishes to see her Daugh- 
ters Glorious. Boston : Printed by J. Franklin, for S. Gerrish, at 
his Shop in Cornhill. 1722. i2mo. pp.60. Anonymous. B. 

373. Columbanus. | | Or, | The Doves | Flying to the 

Windows | of their | Saviour. | A Sermon | to a Religious Society | 
of Young People. | June 4th. 1722. j| Boston: Printed by S. 
Kneeland, for J. Edwards, Sold at his Shop. 1722. sm. i2mo. 
pp. 24. Anonymous. J5, N. 

374. Divine Afflations. | | An Essay, | To Describe and 

Bespeak | Those | Gracious Influences | of the | Holy Spirit, | 
Which I Will Produce & Confirm the Eter- | nal Happiness of 
those who | find that Blessed Spirit of Life | so Entring into them, 
and making | Them to Live unto God. || New London: Printed 
and Sold by Timothy Green. 1722. sm. 8vo. pp. 38.* Anony- 
mous. M. 

375. Love Triumphant. | | A | Sermon | at the Gather- 
ing I Of a I New Church, | And the | Ordaining | Of their | Pastor 
[William Waldron] ; | In the North Part of Boston ; | May 23. 



COTTON MATHER. I 39 

1722. I With Copies of other Things Offered in the | Public Ac- 
tions of that Solemn Occasion. || Boston : Printed by S. Kneeland, 
for Nath. Belknap, at his Shop the Corner of Clarke's Wharffe, 
and next Door to the Mitre CofFee-House. 1722. 8vo. pp. 1- 
39 ; pp. 33-34 being the Charge by Increase Mather, and pp. 35- 
39 the Right Hand of Fellowship by Benjamin Wadsworth. Anony- 
mous. B, H, P. 

376. The Minister. | | A Sermon, | Offer'd unto the | 

Anniversary Convention | of | Ministers, | From several Parts of | 

New-England, | Met at Boston, 31 d. III. m. | 1722 | | By 

One of their Number. | | And published at the Request of 

them that heard it. || Boston: Printed in the Year 1722. 8vo. 
pp. 3-45. Running-title, The Services of an Useful Ministry. 
Anonymous. A, B, H, M, P. 

377. Pia Desideria. Or, The Smoaking Flax, raised into a 
Sacred Flame ; In a Short and Plain Essay upon those Pious De- 
sires, Which are the Introduction and Inchoation of all Vital Piety, 
Delivered unto a Religious Society of Young People ; On the 
Lord's Day- Evening, Aug. 5. 1722. Boston: Printed by S. 
Kneeland for S. Gerrish, at his Shop in Cornhill. 1722. i2mo. 
pp. 22. Anonymous. 

378. Repeated Admonitions. | In a | Monitory Letter, | About 
the I Maintainance | Of an Able and Faithful | Ministry ; | Di- 
rected unto those People, | who Sin against | and Sin away the 
Glorious Gospel, | by not supporting the worthy Dispensers | of it : | 
First Published some Years ago ; and now Re- ] printed ; | In 
concomitancy with the pious Concern about | this Matter, ex- 
pressed by the General Assembly | of the Province. || Boston : 
Printed by J. Franklin, for S. Gerrish. 1722. 8vo. Anony- 
mous. A. 

The same. Boston : Printed for S. Gerrish, near the Brick 
Meeting House in Cornhill by T. Fleet. 1725. 8vo. Pp. i — iii 
To the Honourable William Dummer; pp. 1 — 19 The Text. M, 

379. Sober Sentiments. | | In an Essay [Boston-Lecture, 

19 d. V m. 1722.] I upon the | Vain Presumption | of Living & 
Thriving | In the World ; Which does too often possess and 
poison I the Children of the World. Produced by the | Prema- 
ture and much lamented Death of | Mr. Joshua Lamb [a student 
in Harvard College], | Who died (of a Fall received a few Days 



I40 CLASS OF 1678. 

before) July 15. 1722. | | By One of the Ministers in Bos- 
ton. I I With an Appendix by another Hand [Thomas Wal- 
ter]. || Boston: Printed by T. Fleet in Pudding-Lane. 1722. 
8vo. Pp. 3-31 A Rebuke upon Vain Presumptions; pp. 32-37 
Appendix. Anonymous. A, B. 

See New England Historical and Genealogical Register, viii. 260. 

380. The Soul upon the Wing. | | An Essay | on | The 

State of the | Dead. | Answering | That Solemn Enquiry, | How 
the Children of Men are at | their Death disposed of? | In | A 
Sermon [North-Boston, Aug. 26. 1722.] | Occasion'd by the De- 
cease of some I Desirable Friends lately Departed. | | By 

One of the Ministers in | the North-part of Boston. || Boston, 
N. E. Printed by B. Green. 1722. 8vo. pp. 24. Running- 
title, The Soul Departing. Anonymous. A, M. 

38 1. A Brief Memorial, | Of Matters, and Methods for | Pastoral 
Visits. || Boston: Printed in the Year 1723. 4-to. pp. 3. P. 

382. Coelestinus. | | A | Conversation in Heaven, | Quick- 
ened and Assisted, | with | Discoveries | Of Things in the | Heav- 
enly World. I And some Relations of the | Views and Joys | That 
have been granted unto Several | Persons in The Confines of it. | 
Introduced by Agathangelus, Or, An | Essay on the Ministry of 
the Holy | Angels. | And Recommended unto the People of God, 
by the | very Reverend, | Dr. Increase Mather ; | Waiting in the 
Daily Expectation of his Departure | to that Glorious World. || 
Boston : Printed by S. Kneeland, for Nath. Belknap, at his Shop 
the Corner of Scarletts WharfFe, and next Door to the Mitre Cof- 
fee House 17^3. Pp. i-viii Dedication. To my most honoured 
Friend, Mr. Thomas Hollis, Merchant, in London ; pp. 1-27 
Agathangelus, or The Servant of God with his Guardian ; pp. i-ii 
An Attestation, signed Increase Mather. Sept. 4. 1722 ; pp. 1-162 
Coelestinus. Heaven Convers'd withal. Anonymous. 

B, H, M, P. 

383. An Essay on Remarkables in the Way of Wicked Men. 
Boston. 1723. S. 

384. Euthanasia. | | A | Sudden Death | Made [April 

14th. 1723] I Happy and Easy | to the | Dying Believer, | Exem- 
plified in I John Frizell, Esq; | Who so Expired, April 10. 1723. || 
Boston: Printed by S. Kneeland. 1723. 8vo. pp. 27. Run- 
ning-title, On, Dying very Suddenly. Anonymous. 

A, B, H, M, P. 



COTTON MATHER. I4I 

"On p. I, in the handwriting of Dr. Samuel Mather: ' Donum 
Dominae Dorothy viduas D. Johan Frizel defuncti.' " B. 

385. A Father Departing. | | A Sermon [Preached at 

Boston, Aug. 25. 1723.] I On the Departure of the | Venerable 
and Memorable Dr. Increase Mather, | Who Expired Aug. 23. 

1723. I In the Eighty Fifth Year of his Age. | | By One 

who, as a Son with a Fa- | ther, served with him in the | Gospel. || 
Boston: Printed by T. Fleet, for N. Belknap, at his Shop near 
Scarlet's Wharf. 1723. 8vo. pp. 31. Anonymous. A, M, P. 

386. A Good Character. | | Or, | A Walk with God j 

Characterized [At Boston-Lecture, May 2. 1723.]. | With | Some 
Dues paid unto the | Memory of | Mr. Joseph Belcher, | The late 
Reverend | & Excellent Pastor | of Dedham, who Expired April 

27. 1723. I I By One of the Ministers in Boston. | | 

With an Elegy by the Reverend | Mr. John Danforth. || Boston, 
N. E. Printed by B. Green. 1723. 8vo. pp. 24, (3); the last 
three pages being the Elegy. Running-title, An Holy Walker. 
Anonymous. M, P. 

387. The Lord-High-Admiral | of all the Seas, Adored. | | 

A Brief Essay | upon the | Miracle of our Saviour j Walking upon 
the Water. | With | Admonitions of Piety, | Profitable to All ; | 
But very particularly Agreeable to | them, whose Business calls 
them to I Sailing on the Water [A Glorious Christ Exhibited on 
the Waters.] In a Sermon Preached, June 7, 1723. At | the Re- 
quest of a Young Gentleman taking a Voyage to Sea. || Boston : 
Printed by S. Kneeland. 1723. 8vo. pp. 22. Anonymous. 

A B, P. 

388. The pure Nazarite. | | Advice | to a | Young Man,.] 

concerning | An Impiety and Impurity (not easily to be | spoken 
of) which many Young Men are | to their perpetual Sorrow, too 
easily drawn | into. | A Letter forced into the Press, by the | Dis- 
coveries which are made, that Sad Occasi- | ons multiply, for the 
Communication of it. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, for John 
Phillips, at his Shop on the South Side of the Town-House. 1723. 
8vo. P. (1) The Bookseller To the Reader; pp. 1-19 The pure 
Nazarite. Anonymous. A, P. 

389. Valerius : or Soul Prosperity. The Prosperity of the Soul 
proposed and Promoted. Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, for S. 
Gerrish. 1723. 8vo. pp. 24. Anonymous. B. 



142 CLASS OF 1678. 

390. The Voice of God | in a Tempest. | | A | Sermon J 

Preached in the Time of the | Storm ; | Wherein many and heavy 
and I unknown Losses were Suffered | at Boston, (and Parts | Ad- 
jacent,) Febr. 24. 1722-3. I I By one of the Ministers in Bos- 
ton. || Boston: N. E. Printed by S. Kneeland. MDCCXXI1I. 
P. (1) The Occasion; pp. 1-19 Text. The whole preceded by 
the half-title "A | Sermon | Preached at the Time | Of the Late | 
Storm, I February 24. 1722, 3." Anonymous. A, M, P. 

391. Some Seasonable | Inquiries [Concerning Episcopacy] | 
Offered, | For the Consideration and Satisfaction of | them that are 
willing to Weigh things | in Even Balances. | And for the Estab- 
lishment of the Re- | formed Churches ; Lest being | Led away 
with the Error of this Day, | they fall from their own Steadfast- 
ness. [Boston. Printed in the Year 1723.] i2mo. pp. 12. 
Without title-page or author : date at the end. Anonymous. 

B, P. 

392. Baptistes. | | Or, A | Conference | About the | Sub- 
ject and Manner | of Baptism. | Moderatelv, but Successfully 
managed, | between a Minister [C. M.] who maintain'd | Infant- 
Baptism, and [D. R.] a Gentleman who | Scrupled it. | | Now 

Published, at the Desire and for the Ser- | vice of some Serious 
Christians, who have | apprehended the Explanation and the Esta- | 
blishment of the Truth in the matter, to | be of some Consequence 
to the Interests | of Christianity. || The Second Edition. Boston : 
Printed by T. Fleet, for J. Phillips, at his Shop on the South Side 
of the Town-House. 1724. sm. 8vo. P. (2) Advertisement; 

PP- 3~3 2 Text - L - 

For first edition see No. 142. 

" The mischief which the Anabaptists are doing in the Neigh- 
bourhood, putts me upon Abetting and Assisting, the design of 
some, to reprint my Baptistes, and scatter it where there may be 
occasion for it." 

393. The Converted Sinner. | | The Nature of a | Con- 
version I to Real and Vital | Piety : | And the Manner in which 
it I is to be Pray'd & Striv'n for. | A Sermon Preached in | Boston, 
May 31; 1724. I In the Hearing and at the Desire of certain Pirates 

[Archer and White], a little before | their Execution. | | To 

which there is added, A more Private | Conference of a Minister | 
with them. || Boston : Printed for Nathaniel Belknap, and Sold at 



COTTON MATHER. 143 

his Shop the Corner of Scarletts Wharff. 1724. 8vo. The half- 
title is, The I Last Sermon | Heard by Certain | Pirates. Pp. (1-2) 
The Occasion; pp. 1 — 3 1 A Repenting Ephraim ; pp. 31-47 A 
Conference between a Minister and the two Pirates, (Archer, and 
White) the Week before their Execution ; pp. 48-49 Remarks 
on their last Moments. Anonymous. L, IV. 

"One of y e first Things which y e pyrates, who are now so much 
y c Terror of them that haunt the Sea, impose on their poor Captives, 
is ; To curse Dr. Al — r. The pyrates now Strangely fallen into the 
Hands of Justice here, make me / first Alan, whose Visits & 
Counsels & prayers they beg for. Some of them under Sentence 
of Death, Chuse to hear from me, y e Last Sermon they hear in y e 
world. The Sermon is desired for publication." 

These pirates, John Rose Archer and William White, executed 
June 2, 1724, belonged to the crew of the dreaded Captain John 
Phillips, conspicuous in the capture of whom was John Philmore 
of Ipswich, great-grandfather of President Millard Fillmore. — S. G. 
Drake's History of Boston, 570, and Boston Gazette, 1724, June. 

394. Decus ac Tutamen. | | A Brief Essay | on the | 

Blessings | Enjoy'd by a People | That have | Men of a Right 
Character | Shining among them. | Offered [at Boston Oct. 1st. 
1724] in Commemoration of that | Good and Great Man | the 
Honourable { Guidon Saltonstall Esq ; | Late Governour of Con- 
necticut-Colony I New-England. | Who Expired, at New-Lon- 
don ; I Sept 20th. 1724. I In the Fifty-ninth Year of his Age. || 
New-London: Printed by T. Green. 1724. i6mo. Pp. i-iv 
Dedication to the Honourable Mrs. Mary Saltonstall, the Sorrow- 
ful Relict of the Late Governour of Connecticut. B, M. 

395. Light in Darkness. | | An Essay [October n. 1724.] | 

On the J Piety j Which by Remembring the | Many Days of Dark- 
ness, I Will Change them into a | Marvellous Light. | With a 
Notable Example of it, in a | Young Person | Mrs. Rebeckah 
Burnel, | In the Seventeenth Year of her Age : | Meeting her Death, 
with uncommon | Triumphs over it. || Boston: Printed by S. Knee- 
land, for Nath. Belknap, at the Corner Shop near Scarletts- WharfFe. 
1724. 8vo. pp. 20. Anonymous. G, P. 

396. The Nightingale. | | An Essay | on | Songs among 

Thorns. | Or the | Supports & Comforts | of the | Afflicted Be- 
liever. [ I Thankfully Published by One that | has had Ex- 



144 CLASS OF 1678. 

perience of them. || Boston in New-England : Printed by B. Green. 
1724. 8vo. P. (1) The Occasion; pp. 1-19 Text. Anony- 
mous. M. 

"A Godly Woman having been carried thro' many Afflictions, 
thought herself bound in Duty to invite her Friends unto a Con- 
tort with her in y e praises of God her SAVIOUR, and having had 
a more particular Experience of the Truth in that word ; Psal. cxix. 
92, Unless thy Laiu had been . . . She desired me to furnish her with 
a discourse upon it. I did so, and she published it. It is entituled : 
The Nightingale," etc. 

397. Parentator. | | Memoirs | of | Remarkables | in the | 

Life I and the | Death | of the | Ever-Memorable | Dr. Increase 
Mather. | Who Expired, August 23. 1723. || Boston: Printed by 
B. Green, for Nathaniel Belknap, at the Corner of Scarlets-Wharff. 
1724. 8vo. Pp. i-xTo the Illustrious University of Glasco. 
Cotton Mather. Boston, New-England. October 1. 1723; pp. 
i-xiv Introduction; pp. 1-239 Remarkables of Dr. Increase 
Mather (234-239 being a Catalogue of his Works); pp. (1-4) 
Epitaphium ; p. (1) Advertisement. Anonymous. A, B, H, M. 

The same. Boston. 1741. 8vo. pp.256. 

398. Religious Societies. | | Proposals | For the Revival 

of I Dying Religion, | By Well-Ordered | Societies | For that Pur- 
pose. I With a brief Discourse, Offered | unto a Religious Society, 
on I the First Day of their Meeting. || Boston : Printed by S. Knee- 
land, for John Phillips, and Sold at his Shop over against the South- 
side of the Town House. 1724. i2mo. Pp. 1-8 Proposals; 
pp. 1 -19 Pure and Peaceable Wisdom. P. 

" In this Essay, there is one thing a little singular. The Ser- 
mon in it, is one that I entertained my neighbours withal, before I 
was a public preacher, when I was but sixteen years of Age. It 
may be, this is the First Sermon from one of that Age, that has 
been published." 

399. Stimulator, or the Case of a Soul walking in Darkness. 
Boston. 1724. sm. 8vo. S. 

400. Tela Pntvisa. | | A Short Essay [Octob. 4. 1724.] | 

on I Troubles to be Look'd for. | A Wise | Expectation of, | and | 
Preparation for, | Troublesome Changes, | Recommended unto the 
Strangers and | Pilgrims in this Present Evil World. || Boston, in 
New-England : Printed by B. Green, for Thomas Hancock, and 



COTTON MATHER. 



145 



Sold at his Shop in Ann-Street, near the Draw-Bridge. 1724. 
8vo. pp. 22. H, M, P. 

"Preaching lately a Sermon on Job iii. 25, — One of the Hear- 
ers came to me, for a Copy of it. It was a Sermon which y e Death 
of my Son INCREASE led me to." 

The author afterwards wrote : " Being Sollicitous that the 
grievous Calamity befalling me in the Death of my poor Son In- 
crease^ may yeeld Some Revenue of Service to the Kingdome of God ; 
and that the Child, who did so little Good, but much 111, in all the 
Days of his Life, may do some Good at his Death ; I took y e Ser- 
mon I preached on that occasion, adding to it another that is agre- 
able ; and with a considerable expence enabled y c Bookseller to 
publish them. While it was, in y e press ... a strange hand of 
providence made such an Accession from others to my own Dis- 
bursements, that I could add a Third Sermon, to y e Book, wherein 
I may yett more notably serve the Designs of piety. All these are 
concluded, with an Instrument of, a Soul Repenting & returning to 
God, which is a Copy of a penitent and pertinent writing Left by 
y e poor Child on y e Table in my Study, before his going off. So 
it makes a Bound Book; whereof the Title is: The words of 
understanding. Three Essays. I. The <J?IAOMEAA. With 
The Notes of Morning-piety. II. The EQEMEPON. or, Tears 
dropt on Dust and Ashes. III. I ON AH. or, the Dove in Safety, Oc- 
casioned by some early Deaths which require such Notes to he taken of 
them." 

401. The True Riches. | | A Present | of | Glorious and 

Immense | Riches, | Plainly and Freely Tendered unto | those that 
are willing to Accept | of them. | In a brief Essay | on the | Un- 
searchable Riches | of Christ. || Boston: Printed by B. Green, for 
Nathaniel Belknap, at the Corner of Scarlets-Wharff. 1724. 8vo. 
Pp. i-vi The Dedication. July 27th 1724. Cotton Mather; pp. 
1 -31 The True Riches. Anonymous. B, P. 

" In the Dedication ' To the flock of God whereof the Author 
is the Servant,' the words 'particularly, to Mr. Grafton Fevriere' 
are interlined in Mather's autograph : and the autograph ' of Graf- 
ton Feveryeare ' is on the title-page." — Brinley. 

"Being by the unhappy Entanglements of my Wifes & her 
Daughters estates, brought into a Necessity of paying a Debt, of 
more than Two Hundred pounds, for an Estate which 1 was never 

VOL. III. IO [ December 14, i83 3 . ] 



I46 CLASS OF 1678. 

one penny the better for, and being so exhausted, that I have noth- 
ing to pay it, except y e Creditor please to take my Library, which 
tho' so very dear to me above all Temporal possessions, I offer to 
Deprecedation ; — A little Number of my Flock, generously joined 
for my Deliverance ; and privately & presently advanced y e Sum 
that was necessary for my Deliverance out of my Entanglements. 

"I was thinking, how to Express my Gratitude unto a people, 
who have so obliged me, & expressed such a Tender care of me. 
Among other projections for this purpose, I take a Discourse On 
the unsearchable Riches of Christ, and with an Agreeable Dedica- 
tion of it unto the Flock, Declaring what I should be to them and 
what they have been to me, I am at the expense to publish it : pro- 
posing to present it particularly to my Benefactors, with their 
Names written by my pen in the front of the Dedication. I would 
hope also, that my Confessions of my Duty, may be found Direc- 
tions & Incentives unto other pastors for their Duty, when it ar- 
rives, as I intend it shall, to many of them. It is entituled, The 
True Riches," etc. 

402. Une grand Voix du Ciel a la France. 1724. S. 

" I have a strong Apprehension, That France is very near a 
mighty & a wondrous Revolution ; and that it is not easy to do a 
greater Service for the Kingdome of God, than to Sett before y e 
French Nation, the Horrible Wickedness of that cruel & match- 
less persecution, w th which they have exposed themselves to the 
tremendous Vengeance of God ; and therewithal to instruct them 
in the Only Terms, which y e Friends of a Reformation must insist 
upon, and Exhibit unto them an Incontestible System of pure and 
undefiled religion, and a Scriptural Fulmination upon y e Corrup- 
tions of Religion with which y e Man of Sin intoxicates them. The 
glorious Lord has helped me to do This, in an Essay, which I put 
myself unto the Expense of publishing ; under the Title of Une 
grande Voix du Ciel, a la France. And to apply myself im- 
mediately, to methods of getting it convey'd into France." 

403. The Words of Understanding. | | Three Essays 

[Boston, 30. d. VI. m. 1724]; | I. The Philomela [30. d. VI. 
m. 1724.] I With, The Notes of | Morning-Piety. | II. The 
Ephemeron. | Or, Tears drop'd on | Dust and Ashes. | III. Jonah : 
Or, The | Dove in Safety. | Occasioned by some Early | Deaths 
which require such | Notice to be taken of them. || Boston : Printed 



COTTON MATHER. 147 

by S. Kneeland, for J. Edwards, & Sold at his Shop. 1724. i2mo. 
P. (1) The Occasion; pp. 1-105 The Text, pp. 98-105 being 
Mantissa; p. (1) Advertisement. Anonymous. M, P. 

" These Sermons w rc published & som of y m at least Preach'd on 
occasion of y e Loss of Increase y e eldest son of D r Cotton Mather of 
Boston ; w° hav ff set sail from Barbadoes s m time last Fall for New- 
foundland, was never after heard of, & so concluded to be foun- 
der'd in y e sea." — T. Prince. 

404. An Attestation, pp. 4. Prefixed to A. Mather's Sabbath- 
Day's Rest. 1725. P. 

405. Christodulus. | | A Good Reward | of | A Good Ser- 
vant, j Or, The Service of a | Glorious Christ, | Justly Demanded 
and Commended, from a | View of the Glory with which it shall | 
be Recempensed. | With some Commemoration of | Mr. Thomas 
Walter, | Lately a Pastor to a Church in Roxbury : | Who had an 
Early Dismission from what of | that Service was to be done in 
this I World. Jan. 10. 1724-5. [| Boston, Printed by T. Fleet, 
for S. Gerrish, near the Brick Meeting-House in Cornhill. 1725. 
8vo. Pp. i-iii To my dear Brother, Mr. Nehemiah Walter, Pas- 
tor of the first Church in Roxbury ; pp. 1—33 Text, Running-title, 
The most honourable Service. A, B, P, M. 

406. Deus Nobiscum. | | A | Very brief Essay [on a Sac- 
ramental Occasion. Sept. 26. 1725. J, | On the | Enjoyment | of | 
God. I Answering the Grand Enquiry | of Piety ; | What it is to 
Find the Glorious God ; | and Where He is to be met withal ? || 
Boston : Printed for S. Gerrish, and Sold at his Shop in Cornhill. 
1725. i2mo. pp. 24. Running-title, A Manuduction to Bless- 
edness. Anonymous. P. 

407. Edulcorator. | | A brief Essay | on the Waters of 

Marah | Sweetened. | With a Remarkable Relation | of the De- 
plorable Occasion | afforded for it, | In the Praemature Death of | 
Captain Josiah Winslow, | Who [with several of his Company] | 
Sacrificed his Life, in the Service | of his Country ; | Engaging an 
Army of Indians, | May 1. 1724. || Boston: Printed by B. Green. 
1725. 8vo. Pp. (1-4) Dedication to the Honourable Col. Isack 
Winslow, and his Religious Consort; pp. 1-38 Text. H. 

408. El-Shaddai. | | A brief Essay [Aug. 3. 1725.], on | 

All Supplied in an Alsufficient | Saviour. | Produced by the Death | 
Of that Vertuous Gentlewoman, | Mrs. Katharin Willard, | [The 



I48 CLASS OF 1678. 

Valuable Consort of | Josiah Willard, Esq;] | Who Died, Aug. 1. 
1725. I In the Thirty-fifth Year of her Age. || Boston, N. E. 
Printed by B. Green. 1725. 8vo. Pp. i-ii Dedication to Jo- 
siah Willard ; pp. 1-25 Text. A, P. 

409. Memoirs | of the Life | Of the | late Reverend | Increase 
Mather, D. D. | Who died August 23, 1723. [Abridged and al- 
tered from the Remarkables of Rev. Cotton Mather.] | I With 

a Preface by the Reverend Edmund Calamy, D. D. || London: 
Printed for John Clark and Richard Hett at the Bible and Crown 
in the Poultry, near Cheapside. 1725. 4-to. Pp. (1-6) The 
Preface; pp. 1-88 The Life. L. 

410. The New Settlement of the Birds in New England. In 
Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, xxi. 126-133; 
also in the Publications of the Prince Society ; Andros Tracts, ii. 
324-332, under the title of "Political Fables." Anonymous. H. 

About the time that Increase Mather was preparing an account 
of his agency in England, Cotton Mather " handed about a Paper 
of Fables ; wherein his Father under the Name of Mercurius, and 
himself under the Name of Orpheus, are extoll'd, and the gre.it 
Actions of Mercurius magnified ; the present Charter exalted, by 
trampling on the former, as being very defective, and all those 
call'd unreasonable that did not readily agree with the New one : and 
indeed the whole Country are compared to no better than Beasts, 
except Mercurius and Orpheus, the Governour himself must not 
escape being termed an Elephant, tho' as good as he was great, 
and the Inferiours told by Orpheus that the quiet Enjoyment cf 
their Lands, &c. they were beholding to Mercurius for. Tho 
this Paper was judged not convenient ot [to] be Printed, yet some 
Copies were taken, the Author having shown variety oi~ Heathen 
Learning in it." — Calef, More Wonders, p. 151. 

411. The Palm-bearers. | | A brief | Relation | of | Patient 

and Joyful | Sufferings ; | and of | Death | Gloriously Triumphed 
over ; j In the History of the Persecution | which the Church of 
Scotland | suffered, from the Year 1660 to the | Year 1688. || 
Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, for S. Gerrish, near the Brick 
Meeting-House in Cornhill. 1725. P. (1) Citation; pp. i-viii 
The Introduction ; pp. 1-58 Patient and Joyful Sufferings. Anony- 
mous. P. 

412. A j Proposal | for an | Evangelical Treasury; | Humbly 



COTTON MATHER. 149 

tendred unto the Churches. [No title-page. Boston. 1725.] 
4to. pp. 4. Anonymous. P*. % 

413. Renatus. | | A brief Essay | on, | A Soul passing | 

From Death to Life ; j in a | Translation | from the First Adam | 
to the Second Adam. | And the Mystery of the | Two Adams, | 
Explained, as what all Real & Vital | Christianity turns upon. || 
Boston : Printed for S. Gerrish, and Sold at his Shop in Cornhill. 
1725. nmo. pp. 34. Anonymous. P. 

414. Virtue in its Verdure. | | A | Christian | Exhibited 

as a I Green Olivetree, | in the | House of God ; | with a | Char- 
acter I of the Virtuous | Mrs. Abigail Brown : | [The Amiable and 
Memorable Consort | of the Honourable | Samuel Brown, Esq ;] | 
Who Expired Feb. iS: 1724, 5. || Boston, N. E. Printed by B. 
Green. 1725. 8vo. Pp. i-iv Dedication to the Honourable Col. 
Samuel Brown; pp. 1-24 The Green Olive-Tree ; pp. 25-28 
Appendix. Anonymous. A, H. 

Mrs. Abigail Brown was the only Child of John Keach, whose 
widow Abigail afterwards married Thomas Clark. 

415. Vital Christianity: | A Brief) Essay | On the Life of 
God, I in the | Soul of Man; | Produced and Maintained by a | 
Christ living in us : | And | The Mystery of a Christ | within, 
Explained. | With an Exhibition, in which all that | Fear God and 
give Glory to Him, will be | sanctified. || Printed by Samuel Keimer 
[of Philadelphia], for Eleazer Phillips, in Charles-Town in New 
England, and sold at Rice Peter's, in Chesnut-street, Philadelphia. 
1725. 8vo. Pp. (1-3) The Dedication; pp. 1-30 The Text; 
p. (1) Advertisement of an Almanac. Anonymous. P. 

416. Zalmonah [Begun April 18. 1725.] | | The Gospel 

of the I Brazen Serpent, | In the Mosaic History. | Offered | With 
some Uncommon Sentiments | upon it ; | And With moving Exhi- 
bitions and I Commendations of the Glorious | Redeemer, by whom 
we are | in Wondrous Methods, | Delivered from what the Old | 
Serpent has brought upon us. || Boston : Printed for J. Phillips, and 
Sold at his Shop on the South-side of the Town-House in King- 
Street. 1725. 8vo. P. (1) Introduction; pp. 1-106. Anony- 
mous. P. 

417. The Choice of Wisdom. | | A | Brief and Plain Es- 
say [At the Lecture in Roxbury. Aug. 31. 1725.] j on the | Best of 
Blessings, | To be Obtained | By the Chusing of them | and Ask- 



I50 CLASS OF 1678. 

ing for them. | | Designed to be left in the Hands | of those 

whom the Pastoral | Visits take notice of. || Boston : Printed for 
Thomas Hancock, and Sold at his Shop in Ann-Street, near the 
Draw-Bridge. 1726. nmo. pp. 23. Anonymous. P. 

418. The Comforts of one walking thro' the Valley of the 
Shadow of Death. 1726. S. 

Perhaps the same as No. 423. 

419. Diluvium Ignis. | | De | Secundo ac Optando | Je- 

hovae-Jesu | Adventu ; | Deque | Secundo ac Tremendo | Ilium 
Comitante | Diluvio ; | Atque de Fine omnium instante ; | Monita 
quaedam Scripturaria, | et Salutaria, atque summe | Necessaria : j 
Mundo alte consopito, et haec | porro omnia susque deque ha- | 
bituro oblata. || s. 1. Editur, A. D. Vulgariter, 1726. Realiter, 
1729. Boston. 8vo. pp. i-xv. Anonymous. //, M, P. 

420. Ecclesiae Monilia. | | The | Peculiar Treasure | of 

the I Almighty King | Opened ; | And the Jewels that are made 
up I in it, I Exposed. | At Boston Lecture, July 14. 1726. | Whereof 
One is more particularly | Exhibited, in the Character of | Mrs. 
Elizabeth Cotton, | Who was Laid up a few Days before. | And 
Certain Instruments and | Memorials of | Piety, | Written by that 
Valuable & Honourable | Gentlewoman. || Boston, Printed for 
Daniel Henchman, and Sold at his Shop in Cornhill over against 
the Brick Meeting House. 1726. 8vo. pp. 42. Running-title 
of pp. 1-27 A Rich Cabinet Opened. Anonymous. 

A, B, G, //, M, P. 
Mrs. Cotton was the widow of Reverend Roland Cotton, H. U. 
1685, and sister of Gurdon Saltonstall, H. U. 1684. 

421. Fasciculus Viventium. | | Or, | All Good Wishes | 

in One. | A brief Essay | on, | A Soul Bound up in the Bundle | 
of Life ; I As the Best Thing, and, All the | Good, that can be 
wished for. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, for Alford Butler, 
at the lower End of King-Street, near the Crown Coffee-House. 
1726. sm. 8vo. pp. 24. P. 

422. A Good Old Age. | | A Brief Essay | on | The 

Glory I of I Aged Piety. | Humbly Commended and Present- | ed 
unto Them, whose Arrival | to, or near, Sixty, ranks them | among 
The Aged. || Boston : Printed by S. Kneeland and T. Green, for 
S. Gerrish, in Cornhill. 1726. 8vo. pp. 1-42. Anonymous. 

A, B, //, P. 



COTTON MATHER. I 5 I 

423. Hatzar-Maveth. | | Comfortable Words 3 [ In a Short 

Essay [Sept. 18. 1726.] | on | The Comforts | Of One Living to 
God, I But Walking through the Valley | of the ] Shadow of 
Death ; | And finding it no more than a Shadow ] of Death. || Bos- 
ton. 1726. i2mo. pp. 28. Running-title, A Child of Light 
Singing in the Dark Valley of Death. Anonymous. P, W. 

See No. 418. 

424. The Instructor. 1726. S. 

425. Lampadarius. | | A very brief Essay, | To Show the | 

Light, I Which Good Men have in | Dark Hours | Arising to 

them. I I Now Published as a Monument and | Instrument of 

Gratitude un- | to Heaven ; At the Desire and | Expense of One, 
whom God, under a Dispensation full of Dark- | ness, has gra- 
ciously appeared for. || Boston: Printed in the Year 1726. i2mo. 
pp. 24. Running-title, The Children of Light. Anonymous. P. 

426. Manuductio ad Ministerium. | | Directions | for a j 

Candidate j of the | Ministry. | Wherein, First, a Right Founda- | 
tion is laid for his Future Improvement; | And, Then, | Rules are 
Offered for such a Ma- | nagement of his Academical & Prepara- 
tory I Studies ; | And thereupon, | For such a Conduct after his [ 
Appearance in the World ; as may | Render him a Skilful and Use- 
ful I Minister of the Gospel. || Boston : Printed for Thomas Han- 
cock, and Sold at his Shop in Ann-Street, near the Draw-Bridge. 
1726. 8vo. Pp. i-xviii Studiosae Juventuti, | in Academiis, | Im- 
primis Glascuensi •, Deinde Novanglicanis ; | Nee non in Anglia 
Nonconformista- | rum intra privatos Parietes Coactis ; Timorem 
Domini; | Atque inde | Salutem in Domino; p. 1 Contents; pp. 
1 -147 Text, with the running-title, The Angels preparing to Sound 
the Trumpets; pp. 148-149 Filii quum legisset, Gratulatio. S. 
Mather; pp. 150- 15 1 A Catalogue of Books for a Young Stu- 
dent's Library ; and Eratula. Anonymous. A, #, H, P. 

The same. Republished under the title Student and Preacher, 
by John Ryland, A. M., of Northampton. || London : Printed for 
Charles Dilly in the Poultry. 1781. 8vo. Pp. iii-xx To the 
Gentlemen and other several Christians in London and the Coun- 
try, etc. ; pp. 1-207 5 PP- 208-214 A Select Library for a Student 
of Divinity. By the Editor. H. 

The same. To which is added A Literal Translation of Dr. 
Cotton Mather's famous Latin Preface ; with an Abridgment of 



152 CLASS OF 1678. 

Mr. Ryland's Preface to his edition. Carefully Revised and Cor- 
rected by a Lover of the Gospel. London : Printed by R. Hind- 
marsh ... for T. Scollick, City Road near Moorfields ; and J. 
Matthews, Strand. 1789. i2mo. pp. i-xvi ; 1-260. B. 

427. Nails Fastened. | | Or, | Proposals of Piety | Rea- 
sonably and Seasonably | Complyed withal. | A Brief Essay | on | 
The Conduct | Expected of such as have | had their Duty Pro- 
posed I unto them. | | Designed more particularly to be | 

Lodg'd and Left, where Pasto- | ral Visits have Watched for | the 
Souls of a Gospellized People. || Boston : Printed for Joseph Ed- 
wards, at the Corner Shop on the North side of the Town House. 
1726. 8vo. pp. 1-22. Running-title, Duty & the Time for 
doing it. Anonymous. A, B, P. 

428. Pietas Matutina. | | One Essay more, | to bespeak 

and engage | Early Piety, | made | on an Occasion taken from the | 
Early Departure | of | Mrs. Elizabeth Cooper, | at the age of 
Twenty-Two, | August 7. 1726. By her Father. Boston. 
Printed for J. Phillips. 1726. sm. 8vo. pp. 46. With a Poem 
by Samuel Mather. 

429. Ratio Disciplinae Fratrum | Nov-Anglorum. | | A | 

Faithful Account | of the | Discipline | Professed and Practised ; | 
in the | Churches | of | New-England. | With Interspersed and 
Instructive Reflec- | tions on the Discipline of the | Primitive 
Churches. || Boston: Printed for S. Gerrish in Cornhill. 1726. 
8vo. Pp. i-iv An Attestation From the very Reverend Dr. In- 
crease Mather. Boston 10, d. X. m. A. D. 1719. ^tatis, LXXXI ; 
pp. 1-10 Introduction; pp. 1-207 Text; p. (1) Postscript; pp. 
(2) Table of Contents. Anonymous. A, B, H, P. 

The same. Edited by T. C. Upham. Portland. 1829. i2mo. 

430. A I Serious Address | To Those | Who unnecessarily fre- 
quent I the I Tavern, | and | Often spend the Evening | in | Pub- 
lick Houses. I I By several Ministers. | | To which is 

added | A private Letter' on the Subject, by the | late Rev. Dr. In- 
crease Mather. || Boston, N. E. Printed for S. Gerrish, at the 
lower end of Cornhill. 1726. 8vo. Pp. i-iv The Preface. Sept. 
29. 1726. Signed by Cotton Mather and twenty-two other min- 
isters ; pp. 1-26 The Text, with the running-title, Seasonable Ad- 
vice concerning the Tavern ; pp. 27 — 30 Increase Mather. /?, P. 

431. Some Seasonable Advice unto the | Poor. | To be annexed 



COTTON MATHER. 153 

unto the | Kindnesses of God, that are dispensed | unto them. || 
[Boston. 1726.] "Printed by T. Fleet" added in a manuscript 
note. nmo. pp. 12. Without title-page or author. P. 

432. Suspiria Vinctorum. | | Some Account | Of the Con- 
dition to which the | Protestant Interest | in the World is at this 
Day reduced. | And the Duty to which all that | would prove them- 
selves I True Christians | must and will count themselves obliged. J 
Briefly laid before the Churches of the | Faithful, by several Min- 
isters of I the Gospel, desirous to do | The Work of the Day. || 
Boston: Printed and Sold by T. Fleet in Pudding-Lane. 1726. 
i2mo. pp. 1-22. Anonymous. B, H, M, P. 

433. Terra Beata. | | A Brief Essay [Boston, May 8. 

1726.], I On the I Blessing of Abraham ; | Even the | Grand Bless- 
ing I Of a Glorious | Redeemer, | Which, All the Nations of the 
Earth, | are to Ask for, and Hope for. | And the Promises of it 
Ex- I plained, with some uncommon | Illustrations. || Boston: 
Printed for J. Phillips. 1726. i2mo. P. (1) Introduction ; pp. 
1-54. Anonymous. P. 

434. The Vial poured out upon the Sea. | | A | Remark- 
able Relation | Of certain | Pirates [William Fly, Henry Green- 
ville, & Samuel Cole] | Brought unto a Tragical and Untimely | 
End. I Some Conferences with them, | after their Condemnation. | 
Their Behaviour at their Ex- | ecution. | And A | Sermon | 
Preached on that Occasion. || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet, for N. 
Belknap, and sold at his Shop near Scarlet's Wharf. 1726. 8vo. 
P. (1) Paraphrase by Sir Richard Blackmore ; pp. 1-5 A Remark- 
able Relation of a Cockatrice crush'd in the Egg; pp. 6-17 A 
Conference with the Pirates. July 6; pp. 18-27 A Second Con- 
ference July 9; pp. 28-46 Wisdom In the Latter End. | | A 

Sermon occasion'd by the Condition of the Condemned Pirates, 
July 10. 1726; pp. 47-51 Their Execution. Anonymous. 

A, M. 

435. Agricola. | | Or, The | Religious Husbandman : | 

The Main Intentions of | Religion, | Served in the | Business and 
Language | of | Husbandry. | A Work Adapted Unto the Grand | 
Purposes of Piety ; | And Commended therefore by a Number | of 
Ministers, to be Entertained in | the Families of the Country. || 
Boston, Printed by T. Fleet, for D. Henchman, over against the 
Brick Meeting-House in Cornhil. 1727. 8vo. Pp. (1-3) Rec- 



154 CLASS OF 1678. 

ommendation ; p. (4) Contents ; pp. 1-221; p. (1) Advertisement. 
" Reader, It was proposed that this Book might have been rendred 
a yet more Compleat Family-Book, by serving more Explicitly 
the Interests of Piety in Two Instances, with Two Supplements. 
I. Family Religion Excited and Assisted. II. A Monitor for Com- 
municants. But because it was found, that these would swell the 
Book beyond what was at first intended, they are laid aside ; And 
they are to be had by themselves, in Two Single Sheets, at the 
Booksellers." Anonymous. Z?, //, L. 

436. The Balance of the Sanctuary. | | A Short and Plain 

Essay ; | Declaring, | The True Balance | Wherein Every Thing 
Should be Weighed, | And, Detecting, | The False Balance | 
Wherein Many Things Are Weighed, | among the Children of 
Men. I I A Lecture ; In the Audience of the | General As- 
sembly at Boston, | Oct. 5. 1727. || Boston: Printed and Sold by 
T. Fleet, in Pudding-Lane, near the Town-House. 1727. i2mo. 
pp. 24. Anonymous. A, B, H, P. 

437. Baptismal Piety. | | Two brief Essays. | I. The 

Angel of the Waters. | Instructing | The Spectators of the Sacred | 
Baptism, I Administred in our Assemblies, | How to make it a most 
Profitable Spectacle. | II. The Angel of the Little Ones | Direct- 
ing I The Aims and the Frames wherewith | Parents are to bring 
their In- | fants unto the Holy | Baptism. || Boston : Printed in 
the Year 1727. i2mo. pp. 48. Running-titles, A Sacred Bap- 
tism Seriously look'd upon, and The Infants of the Faithful brought 
into their Baptism. Anonymous. H, P. 

Probably the same with what S. Mather calls An Essay towards 
a Religious Improvement of Baptism, at the sight of Administra- 
tion. 1727. 

438. Boanerges. | | A Short Essay | to preserve and 

strengthen the | Good Impressions | Produced by | Earthquakes | 
On the Minds of People that have been | Awakened with them. | 
With some Views of what is to be Farther and | Quickly look'd 

for. I I Address'd unto the Whole People of New- England, 

who have been Terrified | with the Late Earthquakes ; "| And more 
Especially the Towns that have had | a more singular Share in the 
Terrors of them. || Boston: Printed for S. Kneeland, and Sold at 
his Shop in King-Street. 1727. 8vo. pp. 53. Running-title, 
Good Impressions cultivated. Anonymous. £, //, P. 



COTTON MATHER, 



155 



439. Christian Loyalty. | | Or, | Some Suitable Senti- 
ments I On the Withdraw of | King George the First, | Of Glo- 
rious Memory, | And the Access of | King George the Second, | 
Unto the Throne of the | British Empire. || Boston : Printed and 
Sold by T. Fleet, at his Printing-House in Pudding-Lane, near the 
Town-House. 1727. nmo. Pp. 1-2 To the Honourable 
William Dummer, etc.; pp. 1-24 Christian Loyalty. Boston, 
Aug. 20. 1727. A, H, AI, P. 

440. The evident Tokens of Salvation. Boston. 1727. 8vo. 

S. 

441. Hor-Hagidgad. | | An Essay | upon, | An Happy 

Departure. | Occasioned | By the Decease of the Valuable | Mr. 
William Waldron, | Late Pastor to one of the Churches in | Bos- 
ton ; I Who Departed, Sept. n. 1727. || Boston: Printed for S. 
Gerrish, S. Kneeland, N. Belknap, and B. Love. 1727. Pp. 
1-8 To the Hopes of our Flocks ; My Younger Brethren in the 
Evangelical Ministry; pp. 1-28 Text. A, B, H y M, P. 

442. Ignorantia Scientifica. | | A brief Essay | on | Mans 

not knowing his | Time : | the | Just Inferences from it, | and the | 
Great Advantages of it. | Upon a Special and Mournful | Occasion 
[The sudden Death of a pious Gentleman, Mr. Samuel Hirst, Jan. 
14. 1726, 7.]. || Boston in N E Printed by B. Green, for Samuel 
Gerrish, the lower End of Corn-hill. 1727. 8vo. pp.24. Run- 
ning-title, Instruction fetch'd from Ignorance. Anonymous. 

A, B, H, P. 

443. The Marrow of the Gospel. | | A very brief | Essay, l 

on the I Union | Between the | Redeemer | And the Beleever. || 
Boston: Printed for N. Belknap. 1727. sm. 8vo. pp. 25. 
Running-title, The Glorious Union. Anonymous. Z?, P. 

444. Preface to J. Emerson's Important Duty of a Timely Seek- 
ing of God. 1727. i2mo. pp. viii. 

445. Restitutus. I The | End of Life Pursued, j And then, The | 
Hope in Death Enjoyed, | by the j Faithful. | Both of them De- 
scribed I in A j Discourse | Made upon a | Recovery from Sick- 
ness. I Or, The | Declaration | Of One Returning from the | Gates 
of the Grave. || Boston : Printed for S. Gerrish, at the lower end 
ofCornhill. 1.727. l2mo. pp.54. Anonymous. H. 

446. Signatus. | | The | Sealed Servants | Of our God, | 

Appearing with J Two Witnesses, | To produce a Well-Estab- 



I56 CLASS OF 1678. 

lished I Assurance | Of their being the | Children of the Lord Al- 
mighty I Or, I The Witness of the Holy Spirit, j with the Spirit of 
the Beleever, to his | Adoption of God; briefly and | plainly De- 
scribed. I I At Boston Lecture, 1726-7. |[ Boston: Printed 

for Daniel Henchman, over against the Brick Meeting-House, in 

Cornhill. 1727. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 3-40. Running-title, 

A Well-testified Adoption of God. Anonymous. y/, 5, P, W. 

The same. With a Preface | and Appendix | By the Rev. Mr. 

Crosswell. | | The Second Edition. || Boston : Printed and 

Sold by Rogers and Fowle in Queen-Street. 1748. 8vo. Pp. 
iii-viii The Preface. Boston, Dec. 14. 1747. A. Crosswell; pp. 
1-28 Text, with running-title, A Well-testified Adoption of God ; 
pp. 29-31 Appendix. Choice Evangelical Paradoxes taken out of 
the Works of Mr. Ralph Venning. J, H. 

447. Some Remarkables on the Peaceful and Joyful Death of 
Mrs. Abiel Goodwin. Together with a Sermon preached to Young 
People at the Request of the Deceased. Boston. D. Henchman. 
1727. 8vo. 

For the second edition, see Juga Jucunda. No. 451. 

448. The Terror of the Lord. | | Some Account of the | 

Earthquake | That shook New-England, | In the Night, | Between 
the 29 and the 30 of October 1727. | With a Speech, j Made unto 
the Inhabitants of Boston, | Who Assembled the Next Morning, 
for I the proper | Exercises of Religion, | On so Uncommon, and 
so Tremendous | an Occasion. [With An Appendix. Written 
Saturday, Nov. 4.] || Boston : Printed by T. Fleet for S. Kneeland 
and Sold at his Shop in King-Street. 1727. 8vo. Pp. 1-3 Re- 
marks upon the Earthquake; pp. 1-6 An Appendix. Author's 
name on the half-title. Anonymous. M, P. 

The same. The Second Edition. With a Second Appendix. 
Printed by T. Fleet for S. Kneeland. 1727. i2mo. pp. (4), 42. 

B. 

The same. The Third Edition. With an Appendix and a 
Further Appendix. Printed by T. Fleet, for S. Kneeland. 1727. 
i2mo. pp. (4), 42. B. 

449. Victorina. | | A | Sermon | Preach'd [23. d. X. m. 

1716.] I On the Decease | and | At the Desire, | of | Mrs. Kath- 

arin Mather, | By her feather. | | Whereunto there is added, j 

A further Account of that | Young Gentlewoman^ | By another 



COTTON MATHER. I 57 

Hand. || Boston: Printed by B. Green, for Daniel Henchman, at his 
Shop over against the Brick Meeting-house. 1727. i2mo. Pp. 
i — viii The Introduction; pp. 1-86 Text. Anonymous. 

//, M, P. 

450. The Comfortable Chambers, | | Opened and Visited, | 

upon I the Departure of that | Aged and Faithful | Servant of God, | 
Mr. Peter Thatcher, | The Never-to-be-forgotten Pastor | of Mil- 
ton. I Who made his Flight thither, | On December 17. 1727. || 
Boston : Printed for J. Edwards, at the Corner Shop on the North- 
side of the Town-House. 1728. 8vo. Pp. 1 — 3 1 Text; p. (1) 
Advertisement, that this Sermon was " the last that ivas ever 
Preached by the Author, who was willing it should go to the Press, 
that the World might have a lasting Testimony of the sincere Friend- 
ship, J r alue and Honour he had for the Person commemorated in it" 
and that the Author "entring into the same Chambers of Blessedness 
. . . before the first Sheet was finished ; it is therefore desir'd, if there 
be any the least Mistake in the Printing, it may be ascrib'd to the only 
Son of the Author, who corrected it. S. M." ; pp. 1-4 Addenda 
from the Weekly Journal, No. XL. Milton, December 23, 1727. 
Anonymous. A, £, H, M, P. 

The same. Boston : Reprinted by Thomas Fleet, jun. in Corn- 
hill. 1796. 8vo. P. (1) Note; pp. 1 -24 Text; pp. 25-26 Ad- 
denda ; pp. 27-28 Account of .Milton. A. 

451. Juga Jucunda. | | A Brief Essay j to Obtain from \ 

Young People, | An Early and Hearty Submission | to the | Yoke 
of their Saviour, | and His Religion. | With a Relation of the Glo- 
rious I Peace and Joy, which brightened | the Dying Hours of | Mrs. 
Abiel Goodwin, | Who having Born the Yoke in her Youth, [ 
Triumphantly Expired October 3. 1727. | A Sermon Preached 

[October 15. 1727.] at the Desire | of the Deceased. | | The 

Second Edition. || Boston: Printed for D. Henchman, at the Cor- 
ner Shop over against the Brick Meeting House in Cornhill. 1728. 
8vo. pp. 1-36. The half-title is, "Dr. Mather's | Remarkables | 
on the j Peaceful and Joyful Death j of Mrs. Abiel Goodwin," 
which may have been the title of the first edition. 

452. The I Mystical Marriage. | | A Brief Essay, | on, | 

The Grace of the Redeemer | Espousing | The Soul of the Be- 
liever I ... I Approved by Several Pastors of our Churches, | as a 
Present, proper, to be offered unto | our Young People ; And very 



I58 CLASS OF 1678. 

particularly j where the Celebration of a Marriage | affords an 
Agreeable Occasion for it. || Boston. N. E. Printed for N. Bel- 
knap, and Sold at his Shop near Scarlet's Wharf. 1728. 8vo. 
P. (]) Preface. S. M. ; pp. 1- 16 A Soul Espoused to the Saviour. 

A, IV. 

453. The I Widow of Nain. | | Remarks | On the Illus- 
trious I Miracle | Wrought By Our Almighty | Redeemer, | On 
the behalf of a Desolate | Widow. || Boston : Printed in the Year 
1728. 8vo. P. (1) To the Reader J. Gee. Feb. 23. 1727, 8; 
p. (1) "To Mrs. Dorothy Frizzel. Oct. 17. 1724. Cotton 
Mather" ; pp. 1-30 The Text. M, P, IV. 

454. Discipline Practised in the Churches of New England, 
containing the Principles owned and the Endeavours used by them. 
Whit-church, Salop. 1823. 8vo. 

455. The Life | of | Mr. Thomas Dudley, | Several Times Gov- 
ernor of the Colony of Massachusetts. | Written, as is supposed, | By 
Cotton Mather. | Edited by Charles Deane. || Cambridge : Press 
of John Wilson and Son. 1870. 8vo. pp. 20. A, H. 

The Manuscript from which the above was printed. M. 

Another edition. New York. 1862. 8vo. In George Ad- 
ler's Sutton-Dudleys of England and the Dudleys of Massachu- 
setts in New England, pp. 24-38. H. 

456. Several Letters in Massachusetts Historical Society, Col- 
lections, xxxviii. 383 — 462. H. 

Authorities. — American Anti- 322. C. Mather, Magnalia ; and 

quarian Society Proceedings, No. Manuscript Diaries. S. Mather, 

lxii. 36-45. Andros Tracts, ii. 315- Life of Cotton Mather. New Eng- 

332. R. Calef, More Wonders of land Historical and Genealogical 

the Invisible World. B. Colman, Register, vi. 10 ; vii. 345. B. Feirce, 

Sermon at the Lecture after the History of Harvard University. T. 

Death of Cotton Mather. S. G. Prince, Funeral Sermon on Cotton 

Drake, in New England Historical Mather. J. Quincy, History of Har- 

and Genealogical Register, vi. 10. vard University. A. H. Quint, in 

J. Eliot, Biographical Dictionary, Congregational Quarterly, i. 233. 

314. J. Gee, Sermon on the Lords C. Robbins, History of the Second 

Day after the Death of Cotton Church, 67, 71, 112. J. Savage, 

Mather. T. Hutchinson, History of Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 171. C. 

Massachusetts Bay, ii. 50. Massa- W. Upham, Salem Witchcraft; and 

chusetts Historical Society, Collec- Salem Witchcraft and Cotton Mather, 

tions, xxxii. 172 ; xxxiv. 390; xxxviii. H. Ware, Two Discourses, 49. 
392, 479 ; and Proceedings, iii. 288, 



GRINDALL RAWSON. 



159 



GRINDALL RAWSON. 

Bora 1659, died 171 5, aged 65. 

Rev. Grindall Rawson, M. A., of Mendon, named 
"for the sake of the Amiable Archbishop Grindall," was 
born 23 January, 1659. His father, Edward Rawson, 
born at Gillingham, in Dorsetshire, England, 16 April, 
161 5, was married to Rachael, daughter of Thomas 
Perne, and granddaughter of that John Hooker whose 
wife was a Grindall, sister to Edmund Grindall, "the 
most worthily renowned Archbishop of Canterbury " in 
the reign of Oueen Elizabeth. By this marriage he be- 
came connected with two of New England's greatest 
divines, Hooker and Wilson, the latter of them, says 
Cotton Mather, "having for his Mother a neece of Dr. 
Edmund Grindal," and mentions Wilson as the "good 
Kinsman of his, who deserves to live in the same Story, 
as he now lives in the same Heaven with him, namely, 
Mr. Edward Rawson, the Honoured Secretary of the 
Massachuset Colony." He was the fifth and youngest 
son of the Secretary. 

At the son's graduation, President Oakes, in his ora- 
tion as cited by Mather, after noticing two others of the 
class, said: "Tertius Grande quiddam Sonaus, Grindallus 
Rawsonus est ; Clarissimo quoque Genere natus ; Nam Pater 
Ejus Ilonorandus il 'lust rem in R. P. locum tenet ; Pietissimus et 
O Q 0odotoiaios JOHANNES WILSONUS, Apostolicus 
-plane Fir Proavunculus, Reverendissimusque EDMUND US 
GRINDALLUS, Archi-Episcopus olim Cantuarensis, Sane- 
tissimus Vir, t ant unique non in Archi-Episcopatu Pur it anus, 
Abavunculus, fuerunt. Detque Dens, ut Eruditione, Sancti- 
tate, Moribus optimis, WILSONUM et GRINDAL- 
LUM exprimatT 

According to a letter from his wife to Cotton Mather, 



l60 CLASS OF 1678. 

" After he had taken his first Degree, he was invited by 
his Brother-in-Law, the Reverend Mr. Samuel Torrey, to 
come to his House, and Study Divinity there. Which 
he did, with such Proficiency, that he was advised to 
Enter upon Preaching. He Preached his first Sermon at 
Mcdfield, with great Acceptation ; and after two Months 
Occasional Performances at other Places, he received an 
Invitation," 4 October, 1680, "to Mendon" "for this 
yere In order to his further settlement." It was voted to 
"give him twenty pound In corrent New England mony 
and his bord and a hors to be kept for his servis. Tenn 
pound of the said money to bee paid att or before the 
25th of March the other tenn pound att or before the 
25th of September next Insuing. 

"Oct. 21 Samuel Read agreed to board Mr. Rawson 
for one year for thirteen pounds, in country pay, at the 
prices following, viz: Wheat at 5s., Rye 4s., Indian 
corn 3s. a bushel ; butter 6 pence a pound, pork 3d., 
mutton 3d., beef 2d. half penny, and 12 pound of tal- 
low besides the thirteen pound. Joseph White agreed 
to keep his horse one year for forty shillings in town 
pay." 

February 2, 1681, "It was voted that, if Mr. Rawson 
settle with us, he shall have his great Lot laid out before 
any others that are not already laid out and his Doubling 
Lot before any others." 

November 14, it was voted to raise a rate for the 
sixteen pounds dew to John Bartlett to be paid when the 
ministers house is finished, "the one half In Indian Corn 
att 2 shillings a bushell and th~e other half in pork at 2 
pence a pound." 

"January 18, 1682, Att a general Towne meeting It 
pased by a Clere vote that Mr. Rawson, for the yere in 
being shall have forty five pounds for a Consideration of 
his Labours amungst us; fifteen pounds money starling 



GRINDALL RAWSON. I 6 I 

of New England, y e Rest in such other Country Com- 
moditys as wee pays amungst us, and, if he shall desire 
a sixt part abatement of the Country prise as it goes be- 
tween man and man ; for the next yere fifty five pounds, 
fifteen In Corent mony of New England, the Rest in the 
same specie above, and afterwards as his Necessity shall 
apparently Call for, and In case any Inhabitant, shall see 
Reson he shall have liberty to pay all his wholl propor- 
tion in mony upon y e same abatement." 

July 21. A committee was chosen cc to Renew 'our 
hold of Mr. Rawson for his continuance with us for the 
futer, and doe give them full power to acte in behalf of 
the Towne, as If themselves were present, and to Rest 
satisfied In what they doe.' " 

September 17, 1683, "The Selectmen were instructed 
to draw up an instrument to convey to Mr. Rawson 
c that land which was formerly Common Land & that 
Land which was formerly y e Ministryes Home lot to- 
gether with all Meadows belonging to y e Ministreye's 
Lott & y e Lott called y e Scoole lot with all privileges 
belonging to y e same.' " 

"The Returne of M r Rawson's Home Lott" was 
forty acres; but as the "town could not give a good 
title to the ministry lot, they voted him thirty acres of 
land where he shall choose it, and also the improvement 
of the ministry lot, he to be paid for any betterment he 
shall have made, 'as Rashonall men shall judge' which 
shall be reimbursed to him or his heirs." 

Rawson was ordained 7 April, 1684. Joseph Emer- 
son, probably H. U. 1675, had preached before him; 
and Rawson was succeeded by Joseph Dorr, H.U. 171 1. 

Rawson and the town passed receipts in full for all 
services and dues 1 November, 1684, and the long con- 
tinued negotiations were ended. The conclusion seems 
to have been that he should have his salary collected and 

VOL. III. II r December 21, 1883.] 



l62 CLASS OF 1678. 

delivered to him, fifteen pounds in sterling New England 
money and forty pounds in country pay, half in March 
and half in October; and "a forty acre lott, one Cord 
of wood yerly, and so pro portionably for Lotts of Lesser 
quantity to be delivered att his dore." He was to have 
more "as God should Inable [them] and the wants of 
his family [should] call for," he not removing "without 
just grounds ... as shall be judged by a Counsell of Con- 
gregationall principals, mutually chosen." 

These terms were modified from time to time accord- 
ing to the emergencies of the people, the distresses from 
the Indians, and the relinquishments of Rawson. Many 
details are given in the Annals of Mendon by John G. 
Metcalf. 

Rawson "had been but a very short Time [at Men- 
don], before the Sectaries from the Neighbouring Town of 
Providence, Laboured to Lead aside the People. While 
he had his Meeting at One End of the Town, they held 
a Meeting at the Other End. However, after he had 
disputed with them Two or Three times, they grew 
weary and Left the Town. Before he was Ordained, he 
was invited unto Other Places; where he had a far greater 
Prospect, for his Outward Comfort in the World, than 
could be Expected in such a Small Place, where there was 
but about Twenty Families, just recovering themselves 
from a tedious War." 

"As he grew into more Years, the Care of the Churches 
more came upon him. The Unwearied Pains he took 
for them ! There was not a Council for many Years in 
all the Neighbouring Towns, but he was at it. Also his 
Voyage, as a Chaplain, [agreeably to an invitation ot 
the General Court, 31 July, 1692,] with the Fleet that 
went unto Canada; and the Half Year he spent in Service 
for God at Nantucket; will not be soon forgotten. 

"As for his Pains with his own Flock {Since Exceed- 



GRINDALL RAWSON. 163 

ingly increased unto more than an Hundred Families) for more 
than five and thirty Years; he was a faithful Labourer, in 
Season and out of Season ; in Publick, and in Private ; 
Suiting himself to all Occasions, that he might be Profit- 
able to his Hearers ; Especially upon the Death of any, 
Old or Young. He Catechised first in Publick, on the 
Lords-days in the Afternoons. Afterwards he had Set 
times to Catechise in the Week. He divided the Town 
into Five Parts ; and every Friday there was a Meeting in 
One or Other of them, where he Preached a Sermon ; and 
Catechised the Children which belonged unto the Families 
there-abouts. His Pains in Visiting the Sick, were un- 
wearied; His Prayers with them without Ceasing; At 
which the Neighbourhood would flock to the House 
where he came, as if it had been to a Lecture. The 
Constitution of the People, and their affairs, he knew so 
well ; that they thought they could carry nothing on well 
without him. God made him a Great Peace-Maker; So 
that in all the Thirty five Years of his Continuance in 
the Town, there was no considerable Difference." 

"He was the Strictest Observer of the LORDS-DAY, 
that ever I took notice of in my Life; That neither Child, 
nor Servant, nor Stranger within his Gate, was Permitted 
any thing, but what tended to Religion. He was a Strict 
Observer of Worship in his Family. And the Devotions 
of his Retirements were such as no Company nor Busi- 
ness might ever put him by. He was a Great Reader 
of the Sacred Scriptures, and might say, Thy Statutes have 
been my Songs in the House of my Pilgrimage. His Charity 
was as Exemplary as his Piety. And in his Hospitality, 
he would often say, He had rather want Entertainment than 
Good Company. 

"As for his Labours among the INDIANS, it was 
Twenty Seven Years since he undertook the Work. It 
was thought, Two Tears was Time little Enough to 



1 64 CLASS OF 1678. 

Learn their Language in. But applying himself to the 
Business, with Gods Blessing on his Extraordinary Pains, 
it was not above Nine Months, before he Preach'd to the 
Indians, to their good Understanding. Within Two 
Years, they removed their Habitations, to be so near 
him, that for a whole Summer his Custome was, when 
he came from his own English Congregation on the 
Lords-day, about five a Clock, to take about half an 
Hours Repose, and then go to the Indians; and Pray 
with them, and Preach to them ; so that he performed 
Three Exercises every Lords-day, while he had Strength 
to attend them. His Discouragements were Great, in 
that there was so little Good done among them. He 
judg'd, a Great Occasion of it might be, the Strong Drink, 
with which some of the English too often furnished them. 
I think, no Man could bear a greater Testimony against 
it. And when he could find no other Way to Restrain 
it, at length he perswaded the Church to Renew their 
Covenant; and a Solemn Day of Prayer with Fasting, was 
kept on that Occasion ; and this Article was made One 
of the Engagements, That whoever should Sell any Strong 
Drink to an Indian, should be counted a Covenant-breaker ; 
and be dealt withal in the Church accordingly. Which put 
a Considerable Stop unto it." 

In 1698 he was joined with Samuel Danforth, H. U. 
1683, in a commission to visit the several plantations of 
Indians in Massachusetts, in pursuance of orders from 
the Commissioners for the Propagation of the Gospel 
among the Indians in New England and Parts adjacent. 
The report of their visits, which continued from 30 May 
to 24 June, is printed in the Collections of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, x. 129. 

In 1700 he was receiving a salary of twenty-five pounds 
for preaching to the Indians. The Earl of Bellomont 
wrote to the Lords of Trade that he was the only one of 



GRINDALL RAWSON. 165 

the thirteen preaching to them who could talk and preach 
in their language. 

January 8, 1709, "The persons living on Mr. Raw- 
son's farm had liberty 'to build a place for their Relief 
upon the Sabbath day, between the meeting house and 
the town pound.' Mr. Rawson's farm was in what is 
now Uxbridge." According to Metcalf, "The place of 
Relief was what, in later times, was called a Noon House. 
It consisted of one room with a large hearth in the centre 
and a square hole in the roof immediately over the hearth. 
When the weather required it a fire of charcoal was kin- 
dled upon the hearth in the morning, and the baskets 
and pails containing the dinners were arranged upon its 
outer edge. At noon the room would be found warm 
and comfortable, and the occupants, having eaten their 
frugal meal, returned to the meeting house to partake of 
the spiritual food furnished by the afternoon service. 
As riding upon horse-back was the principal mode of 
conveyance, the inevitable horse block always stood near 
the door of the Noon House." 

March 10. "Where as A scoole Master is wanting 
to teach the Children to Reed, writ and cifer, as the Law 
Diricts ; and Mr. Rawson offering the Towne that if the 
Towne would Retain a Latin Scoole Master for four years 
he would give said Scooll Master his bord all the said 
time, therefore voted that the Towne accept of sd offer 
and doe Resolve to Retaine a Latin scoole Master for sd 
Towne for four years and to give Twenty pounds A year 
for that service." 

August 29. Mr. Rawson had liberty to build a pew 
for the use of his family, " 'between the two middle posts 
where the Great door is,' the Town to allow him thirty 
shillings for his present pew." 

"Some while before his Death he had an Illness, in 
which he lay Weak and Languishing almost all the Sum- 



l66 CLASS OF 1678. 

mer; And it was very Sinking unto his Spirit, that he 
was, as he said, Like a Dead Man among the Living. But 
God Restored him to his Publick Ministry ; . . . And . . . 
he Preached Constantly Every Lords-day, till just Three 
Weeks before his Death," which was "on the Lord's-day 
about Sun-set, Feb. 6. 1714-15." 

Mather says of his friend and classmate: "We gener- 
ally Esteemed him a truly Pious Man, and a very Prudent 
One, and a Person of Temper, and every way Qualified 
for a Friend that might be delighted in. We honoured 
him for his Industrious over-sight of the Flock in the Wil- 
derness which had been committed unto him, and the 
Variety of Successful Pains which he took for the Good of 
those, to whom God had therefore Exceedingly Endeared 
him. We honoured him for his Intellectual Abilities ■, which 
procured frequent Applications to him, and brought him 
sometimes upon our most conspicuous Theatres; and we 
usually took it for granted, that Things would be Fairly 
Done, where he had an hand in the doing of them. We 
honoured him, for his doing the Work of an Evangelist 
among our Indians, of whose Language he was a Master 
that had scarce an Equal, and for whose Welfare, his 
Projections and Performances, were Such as render our 
loss therein hardly to be repaired. Such Services are 
Pyramids! " 

Rawson married, in 1683, Susanna, born December, 
1664, daughter of the Reverend John Wilson, of Med- 
field, H. U. 1642. She died 8 July, 1748. Children: 
1. Edmund, born 1684, farmer and deacon, settled in 
Uxbridge; 2. John, 26 April, 1685, died 26 May, 1685; 
3. Susanna, 3 October, 1686, married, 1719, Benjamin 
Reynolds, of Bristol, Rhode Island; 4. Edmon, 8 July, 
1689; 5. Wilson, 23 June, 1692, farmer, settled in Men- 
don, married, 4 May, 171*2, Margaret Arthur, of Nan- 
tucket, and died 14 November, 1757 ; 6. John, 1 October, 



GRINDALL RAWSON. 167 

1695, farmer, settled in Uxbridge ; 7. Mary, 22 June, 
1699, married, 9 April, 1724, Joseph Dorr, H. U. 171 1, 
Rawson's successor at Mendon, and died 9 April, 1776; 
8. Rachael, 6 September, 1701, married Samuel Wood, 
of Upton, and died in 1790; 9. David, 25 October, 
1703, died 18 January, 1704; 10. Grindall, 6 September, 
1707, H. U. 1728, of South Hadley, and of Hadlyme, 
Connecticut, and died 29 March, ' 1777 ; 11. Elizabeth, 
21 April, 1710, married, (1.) Abner Hazeltine, of Sutton, 
and (2.) 8 March, 1737-8, James Wood, of Mendon. 

A brief obituary of Rawson was printed in the Boston 
News-Letter, 14 February, 17 14-5. Epitaphs on him and 
his wife are in Metcalf's Annals of Mendon, 171, 172. 

WORKS. 

1. Sampwutteahae | Quinnuppekompauaenin. | Wahuwomook 
oggussemesuog Sampwutteahae | Wunnamptamwaenuog, | Mache 
wussuk-humun ut English-Mane Unnontoowaonk nashpe | Ne 
muttae-wunnegenue Wuttinneumoh Christ | Noh asoowesit | 
Thomas Shephard | Quinnuppenumun en Indiane Unnontoowaon- 
ganit nashpe | Ne Quttianatamwe wuttinneumoh Christ | Noh 
assoowesit | John Eliot. | Kah nawhutche ut aiyeuongash oggusse- 
mese ontcheteanun | Nashpe | Grindal Rawson. || Cambridge. 
Printed by Samuel Green, in the Year 1689. sm. 8vo. Pp. (4), 
161 Being A Translation of Thomas Shepard's Sincere Convert. 

2. Nashauanittue Meninnunk | Wutch Mukkiesog, | Wussese- 
mumun wutch Sogkodtunganash | Naneeswe Testaments-ash ; | 
Wutch I Ukkesitchippooonganoo Ukketeahogkounooh. | Negonae 
wussukhumun ut Englishmanne Unnon- | toowaonganit, nashpe 
ne anue, wunnegenue | Nohtompeantog. | Noh asoowesit | John 
Cotton. I Kah yeuyeu qush kinnumun en Indiane Unnontoo- | 
waonganit wutch oonenehikqunaout Indiane | Mukkiesog, | 
Nashpe | Grindal Rawson. | Wunnaunchemookae Nohtompean- 
tog ut kenugke | Indianog. || Cambridge : Printenoop nashpe 
Samuel Green, kah Bartholomew Green. 1691. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. pp. 13. 

A translation of John Cotton's Milk for Babes. i/, W. 



1 68 CLASS OF 1678. 

In T. Prince's manuscript catalogue is "T. Shephard. Sincere 
Convert: in Indian, tr. by J. Eliot, &c : Camb. N. 1689. 
pp. 161. At y c End is added Mr. J. Cotton" milk for Babes: in 
Indian, tr. by G. Rawson. N. Camb. 1691. pp. 13." 

3. A I Confession | of | Faith | Owned and consented unto by 
the I Elders & Messengers | of the Churches | Assembled at Bos- 
ton in New England, | May 12, 1680. j Being the Second Session 
of that I Synod. || Boston. Re-printed by Bartholomew Green, 
and John Allen. 1699. sm. 4to or i6mo. pp. 161, (4). 

Wunnamptamoe | Sampooaonk Wussampoowontamun | 

Nashpe moeuwehko- | munganash ut | New-England. | Oushkenu- 

mun en Indiane | Unnontowaonganit. | | Nashpe | Grindal 

Rawson, &c. || Mushauwomuk [Indian word for Boston]. Printeuun 
nashpe Bartholomew Green, kah John Allen. 1699. sm. 4to or 
i6mo. pp. 161. 

Paged consecutively throughout ; the original on the left-hand 
pages, and Rawson's Indian translation on the right. H. 

4. Miles Christianus, Or Christians Treated in the Quality of 
Soldiers. Massachusetts Artillery Election Sermon. Ephes. vi. ii. 
i2mo. Boston. 1703. IV. 

5. The Necessity | of j A Speedy and Thorough | Reforma- 
tion, I As it was Discoursed | in a Sermon, Preached before His | 
Excellency the Governour, the | Honourable Council, and Repre- | 
sentatives of the Province of the | Massachusetts-Bay in New- 
England : I on May 25. 1709. | Which was the Day for Election | 
Of Her Majesties Council | for that Province. || Boston : Printed 
by B. Green, for Benj. Eliot, Sold at his Shop at the Head of King 
Street. 1709. 8vo. pp. 40. H. 

Authorities. — M. Blake, Cen- 304; xix. 160, 161. New York Colo- 
turial History of the Mendon Asso- nial Documents, iv. 718, 755. T. 
ciation, 85. Boston News-Letter, Noyes, in American Quarterly Reg- 
1714-15, February 14. S. Q. Drake, ister, x. 126, 131. S. R. Rawson, 
History and Antiquities of Boston, The Rawson Family, 17. J. Savage, 
457) 553- Massachusetts Historical Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 510 ; iv. 
Society, Collections, x. 129. C. Ma- 585. E. M. Stone, History of Bev- 
ther, Magnalia, iii. 41, 50; and Just erly, 213. J. H. Trumbull, in Pro- 
Commemorations. The Death of ceedings of the American Antiquarian 
Good Men, Considered, iii. 35, 40. Society, No. 61, pp. 55-57. Z. G. 
New England Historical and Gene- Whitman, History of the Ancient and 
alogical Register, iii. 201, 300, 303, Honorable Artillery Company, 249. 



URIAN OAKES. I 69 

URIAN OAKES. 

Born 1657 (?), died 1679, aged 22. 

Urian Oakes, B. A., probably born in England, and 
probably'son of Urian Oakes, H. U. 1649, died at Cam- 
bridge, 3 November, 1679, at twenty-two years of age, 
" after almost two years languishing by a consumption 
& was buried y e day following." 

Authorities. — J. D. Almanac, ter, 210; and in the American Ouar- 

1679, interleaved, in the Library of terly Register, viii. 335. L.R.Paige, 

the Massachusetts Historical Soci- History of Cambridge, 617. J. Sav- 

ety. J. Farmer, Genealogical Regis- age, Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 303. 



CLASS OF 1679. 

Jonathan Danforth, James Ailing, 

Edward Oakes, Thomas Barnard. 



QU£STIONES 

IN PHILOSOPHIA DISCUTIEND^, 

Sub Reverendo 
CRESCENTIO MATHERO 

Aftud Bostonienses V. D. M. 

Nee non Collegii Harvardini Curatore Vigilantissimo ; 

Ac in Comitiis Academicis Moderatore perquam 

Honorando ; Cantabrigice Nov-Anglorum 

Per Inceptores in Artibus 

Die Sexto ante Idus Sextiles MDCLXXXII. 



A 



N Anima Rationalis sit Immortalis ? 

Affirmat Respondens Jonathan Danforth. 



An genus Existat extra intellectum ? 

Affirmat Respondens Edvardus Oakes. 

An Angeli habeant materiam et formam? 

Affirmat Respondens Jacobus Ailing. 

An Anima Rationalis agat inorganice ? 

Affirmat Respondens Thomas Barnard us. 

{Antecedit Salutatoria \ 
et \ OR AT/0. 

Accedit Valedicttoria. ) 



JONATHAN DANFORTH. EDWARD OAKES. I 7 I 

JONATHAN DANFORTH. 

Born 1659, died 16S2, aged 22. 

Jonathan Danforth, M. A., of Cambridge, born 10 
and baptized 13 February, 1658-9, was the third and last 
surviving son of Deputy-Governor Thomas Danforth, of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, by his wife Mary, daughter of 
Henry and Elizabeth Withington, of Dorchester. 

According to the Diarv of Noadiah Russell, H. U. 
1681, "On the 28 of the 2 d month [April, 1682] Mr. 
Jonathan Danforth was taken with an extreme bleeding." 
At the ordination, 15 November, 1682, of Nathaniel 
Gookin, H. U. 1675, S. Sewall, H. U. 1671, writes, " Mr. 
Jonathan Danforth, y e Dep! Governours onely Son, lay 
by y e Wall, having departed on Monday Morn [about 
two hours before day, 13 November, 1682], of a Con- 
sumption." He was buried on the 16th. 

Authorities. — American Ouar- 185 ; vii. 57, 58, 318; viii. 54. L. R. 

terly Register, xv. 167. J. Farmer, Paige, History of Cambridge, 530. 

Genealogical Register, 78. W. T. J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, 

Harris, Epitaphs from the Old Cam- ii. 8, 9; iv. 618. J. Sewall, MS. ; and 

bridge Burying-Ground, in Cam- in the Collections of the Massachu- 

bridge, 171. New England Histor- setts Historical Society, xlvi. 20*. 
ical and Genealogical Register, iv. 



EDWARD OAKES. 

Died 1689. 



Edward Oakes, M. A., was probably the son of Urian 
Oakes, H. U. 1649, and was the Mr. Oakes who preached 
at Lancaster, Massachusetts, after its resettlement in 1680 
or 168 1. From the Cambridge Church Book it appears 



I72 CLASS OF 1679. 

that in 168 1 and 1682 he preached in Cambridge at least 
five sermons, for each of which his compensation was 
ten shillings in money. Noadiah Russell, of the class of 
1681, says: "The sixth day of the tenth month [1682], 
Mr. Edward Oakes took his joirney towards Branford w lh 
two men y l came to fetch him. Scil: Mr. Frisby and 
Mr. Stint." 

At a town meeting held in New London, 19 Novem- 
ber, 1683, a committee was chosen to apply to Mather 
and Willard, ministers of Boston, for "advice and coun- 
sell in attayneing a minister," and in June, 1684, they 
"gave notice that they had applied to Mr. Edward Oakes, 
of Cambridge, and received a favorable answer." "The 
town declared their approbation," and voted him "a sal- 
ary equal to £100 per annum^ for so long a time as they 
could agree together." "He preached in New London 
about a year, and some preparatory steps to a settlement 
were taken. But the inhabitants were not unanimous in 
his favor, and he left the place," probably as early as Sep- 
tember, 1685. Afterward he perhaps went to England, 
and was probably the bearer of a letter, dated "9. 8. 88," 
from Joshua Moodey, H. U. 1653, to Increase Mather, 
then in London. 

J. L. Bass, in a letter dated 3 October, 1878, cites John 
Flint's Family Record that " M r Edward Oaks dyed 23 
October 1689." 

Authorities. — C. A. Bartol, Ser- tory of Cambridge, 617. W. F. 

mon at the Ordination of G. M. Bartol, Poole, Letter, 1870, August 24. N. 

43. J. L. Bass, Letter, 187S, October Russell, Diary, in New England His- 

3, citing J. Flint's Family Record, torical and Genealogical Register, 

F. M. Caulkins, History of New Lon- vii. 54, 58. J. Savage, Genealogical 

don, 195. J. Farmer, Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 302, 303. J. Willard, 

Register, 210. A. P. Marvin, His- History of Lancaster, in the Worces- 

tory of Lancaster, 125. Massachu- ter Magazine, ii. 316; and Letter, 

setts Historical Society, Collections, 1861, November 2. 
xxxviii. 368, 369. L. R. Paige, His- 



JAMES ALLING. I 73 

JAMES ALLING. 

Born 1657, died 1696, aged 39. 

Rev. James Alling, M. A., of Salisbury, Massachu- 
setts, born 24 June, 1657, was son of Roger Ailing, of 
New Haven, whose wife, Mary, eldest child of Thomas 
Nash, of New Haven, died 16 August, 1683. 

The nuncupative will of the father directs that his son 
James Alling be brought up to learning. 

"At a meeting of y e Corporation 14. 3. 77," he was 
chosen " Schollar of y e house." Being from "y e colonie 
of Nox or New haven," he received seven pounds from 
the Pennoyer Fund, by vote of the Corporation, 3 July, 
1679. 

January 17, 1681, the "Village" of East Haven, Con- 
necticut, having received encouragement from the Gen- 
eral Court, appointed a committee "to speak with Mr. 
James Alling to know his mind in reference to his set- 
tling" there as a minister. He "served them several 
months, but, contemplating a long journey, he declined 
the invitation to stay longer with them." 

His name occurs several times in Noadiah Russell's 
Diary in connection with payments made to him. 

In 1682 he was invited to preach at Salisbury, Massa- 
chusetts, and probably delivered his first sermon there, 
17 December. He was ordained 4 May, 1687, being the 
successor of Wheelwright, and the third minister. He 
died, 3 March, 1695-6, "after 3 moneths sore sickness 
with dry Gripes." "He was a gentleman well accom- 
plished and of a sweet disposition." 

In 1688 Alling married Elizabeth, born 5-6 August, 
1663, daughter of the Reverend John Cotton, of Ply- 
mouth, H. U. 1657, and his wife, the daughter of Dr. 



174 



CLASS OF 1679. 



Bray, or Bryan, Rossiter. She outlived him, married 
his successor, Caleb Cushing, H. U. 1692, and died in 
September, 1743. 



Authorities. — W. G. Brooks, 
Letter, 1862, February 24. J. Cotton, 
Manuscript Diary, W. G. Brooks's 
copy, 45, 138. J. B. Felt, in Ameri- 
can Quarterly Register, vii. 254, 260. 
Harvard College Corporation Rec- 
ords, i. 55 ; iii. 68, 70. J. L. Kings- 
ley, Historical Discourse, 91. New 
Haven Records, in New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register, 



• x - 357- J- P'ke, Journal in the New 
Hampshire Historical Society's Col- 
lections, iii. 46; and Massachusetts 
Historical Society's Proceedings, xiv. 
129. N. Russell, in the New Eng- 
land Historical and Genealogical 
Register, vii. 54-59. J. Savage, 
Genealogical Dictionary, i. 40 ; iii. 
577, 597- 



THOMAS BARNARD. 



Died 1 718, aged 60 



Rev. Thomas Barnard, M. A., born at Hartford, 
Connecticut, at the age of two or three years moved with 
his father, Francis Barnard, maltster, and his mother, 
Hannah, a sister of Matthew and Reynold Marvin, to 
Hadley, Massachusetts, "where he was brought up at 
school till he fitted for the College into w ch Society he 
entered Sophymore." 

<c At a meeting of y e Corporation 14. 3. 77 . . . Three 
pounds given to Thomas Bernard out of m r Webbs gift 
for y e yeare following." 

July 22, 1680, he began school-teaching at Roxbury. 
In 1681 he writes: "Of inconveniences I shall instance 
in no other than that of the school-house ; the confused 
and shattered and nastie posture that it is in, not fitting 
for to reside in ; the glass broken, and thereupon very 
raw and cold, the floor very much broken and torn up to 



THOMAS BARNARD. 175 

kindle fires, the hearth spoiled, the seats, some burnt and 
others out of kilter, so that one had as well nigh as goods 
keep school in a hog stie as in it. I thought it good to 
acquaint you with it, and would entreat to acquaint the 
rest of the Feoffees therewith." 

He continued to teach here till he moved to Andover. 
January 13, 1682, "it was universally voted" to give 
him a call to settle there in the ministry. Francis Dane, 
who died 17 February, 1697, was then the minister in that 
place. In March, 1683, the town voted to give Barnard 
"fifty pounds per annum, the one quarter of it in money, 
the use of the parsonage, and all his firewood, during the 
time Mr. Dane shall carry on part of the work," after 
which he was to have the same perquisites as before, with 
his salary increased to eighty pounds, one quarter of it in 
money, so long as he carried "on the whole work of the 
ministry." He appears to have been ordained in 1682 as 
Dane's colleague. 

At this time the meeting-house was at North Andover. 
In 1707 it was thought necessary to build a new one, 
and the votes showed that most of the inhabitants resided 
at the south part of the town. The consequence was a 
controversy, and the General Court, 2 November, 1708, 
ordered the town to be divided into two precincts, to 
have two meeting-houses, etc., "upon all which, Mr. 
Barnard, the present minister, shall declare his choice of 
which congregation he will officiate in, and that precinct, 
north or south, shall fully and wholly perform the past 
contract of the town with him, and the other precinct or 
division . . . shall call and settle another minister for 
themselves." This was the origin of the South Parish 
in Andover. November 7, 17 10, the south precinct 
petitioned the General Court that Mr. Barnard might be 
directed to choose his precinct, and the General Court 
desired him "to do so before the eleventh of December, 



I76 CLASS OF 1679. 

or that then the south precinct provide for themselves." 
He remained in the north precinct. 

About the year 1707 the parsonage-house was destroyed 
by fire, and the town provided a house for Barnard, and 
fortified it for protection against the Indians. After a 
few years the town made a grant to enable him to pro- 
cure a house for himself. 

In 171 1 the town accepted a proposal from him to 
receive for his salary forty-two pounds in money, instead 
of sixty pounds in corn. 

He ministered with great acceptance for about thirty- 
six years. He was attacked with apoplexy between nine 
and ten o'clock on the nth, and died on the 12th of Oc- 
tober, 1718. October 20 was appointed a day of humili- 
ation and prayer on account of his sudden death and of 
the people being destitute of a minister. During his min- 
istry two hundred and seventy-five persons were admitted 
to the church. 

His son, John Barnard, H. U. 1709, who succeeded 
him in the ministry at Andover, writes that "he was by 
the learned and wise accounted a Gentleman of bright 
natural parts, admired for his keen witt, which never 
transgressed the bounds of Modesty, Charity and Purity, 
as was observed, his Judgment was Solid, and his memory 
Tenacious. Nature laid in him a good foundation for 
learning, upon which he improved very considerably. As 
to the Latin & Greek Tongue, I suppose few in the coun- 
try Exceeded Him: he was well acquainted with the Phi- 
losophy & Logick in reputation in his Day : was no 
stranger to History: but could discourse entertainingly 
of the affairs of Kingdoms and Countrys : was a good 
Divine, and an excellent, judicious preacher. I have read 
over many of his sermons and they all to me appear pithy 
and nervous because Scriptural, without any solecism as 
to the method. 



THOMAS BARNARD. 



I 77 



"His piety shone bright, and particularly that part of 
it, his Humility, the light of his Doctrine joyned with 
that of his conversation was indeed very forcible and con- 
vincing. He was relatively good and desirable." 

December 14, 1686, he married Elizabeth, born 19 
January, 1 670-1, daughter of Theodore and Ann (Wood) 
Price. She died 10 October, 1693. April 28, 1696, he 
married Abigail Bull, who died in 1702. July 20, 1704, 
he married Lydia GofF. 



Authorities. — A. Abbot, His- 
tory of Andover, 75-77; and Letter 
in VV. B. Sprague's Annals of the 
American Pulpit, i. 198. S. L. Bailey, 
Historical Sketches of Andover, 422, 
427, 431. J. Barnard, Diary, in the 
Congregational Quarterly, iv. 380, 381. 
C. K. Dillaway, History of the Gram- 
mar School in Roxbury, 46, 47, 185. 
C. M. Ellis, History of Roxbury, 53, 
57. J. B. Felt, in American Quarterly 
Register, vii. 246. Harvard College 



Corporation Records, i. 55 ; iii. 68. 
Historical Manual of the South Church 
in Andover, 18, 19. S. Judd and L. 
M. Boltwood, History of Hadley, 450. 
Massachusetts Historical Society, 
Collections, x. 170. New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register, 
iii. 67, 68. R. G. Parker, Sketch of 
the Grammar School in Roxbury, 30. 
J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, 
i. 118, 120. W. B. Sprague, Annals 
of the American Pulpit, i. 198. 



July 9, 1680. "We started out to 
go to Cambridge . . . about six o'clock 
in the morning, and were set across 
the river at Charlestown. We fol- 
lowed a road which we supposed was 
the right one, but went full half an 
hour out of the way, and would have 
gone still further, had not a negro who 
met us, and of whom we inquired, 
disabused us of our mistake. We 
went back to the right road, which 
is a very pleasant one. We reached 
Cambridge about eight o'clock. It 
is not a large village, and the houses 
stand very much apart. The college 
building is the most conspicuous 
among them. We went to it, ex- 

VOL. III. 12 [January 



pecting to see something curious, as 
it is the only college, or would-be 
academy of the Protestants in all 
America, but we found ourselves 
mistaken. In approaching the house, 
we neither heard nor saw anything 
mentionable ; but, going to the other 
side of the building, we heard noise 
enough in an upper room to lead my 
comrade to suppose they were en- 
gaged in disputation. We entered, 
and went up stairs, when a person 
met us, and requested us to walk 
in, which we did. We found there 
eight or ten young fellows, sitting 
around, smoking tobacco, with the 
smoke of which the room was so full 



1 7 8 



CLASS OF 



679. 



that you could hardly see ; and the 
whole house smelt so strong of it, 
that when I was going up stairs, I 
said, this is most certainly a tavern. 
We excused ourselves, that we could 
speak English only a little, but un- 
derstood Dutch or French, which 
they did not. However, we spoke 
as well as we could. We inquired 
how many professors there were, 
and they replied not one, that there 
was no money to support one. We 
asked how many students there were. 
They said at first, thirty, and then 
came down to twenty ; I afterwards 
understood there are probably not 
ten. They could hardly speak a 
word of Latin, so that my comrade 
could not converse with them. They 
took us to the library where there 
was nothing particular. We looked 
over it a little. They presented us 
with a glass of wine. This is all 
we ascertained there. The minister 
of the place goes there morning and 



evening to make prayer, and hs 
charge over them. The students 
have tutors or masters. Our visit 
was soon over, and we left them to 
go and look at the land about there. 
We found the place beautifully situ- 
ated on a large plain, more than 
eight miles square, with a fine stream 
in the middle of it, capable of bear- 
ing heavily laden vessels. As re- 
gards the fertility of the soil, we 
consider the poorest in New York 
superior to the best here. As we 
were tired, we took a mouthful to 
eat, and left. We passed by the 
printing-office, but there was nobody 
in it; the paper sash however being 
broken, we looked in ; and saw two 
presses with six or eight cases of 
type. There is not much work done 
there." — J. Danker and P. Huy- 
ter's Journal of a Voyage, etc., in 
the Long Island Historical Society's 
Memoirs, i. 3S4. 



CLASS OF l68o. 

Richard Martyn, James Oliver, 

John Leverett, William Brattle, 

Percival Green. 



QUvESTIONES. 

An Det r Concursus Causae ftrimce cum 
omni Causa Secundd? 

Affirmat Resp. J. L. 

An Detur Summum Malum ? 

Negat Resp. G. B. 

An Mundus sit Ens Necessarium ? 

Negat Resp. P. G. 

The only notice of the Commencement exercises of this Class which I 
have found is recorded in a neatly written manuscript volume, which is 
mentioned among Leverett's Works, at the end of my biographical sketch 
of him. The three of the Class who appear to have had parts may be 
known by the initial letters of the names, which were in Latin. 



RICHARD MARTYN. 

Born 1660, died 1690, aged 30. 

Richard Martyn, B. A., was born 10 January, 1 659— 
60. He was oldest son and third child of Richard Martyn, 
of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, one of the founders of 
the church there, and a leading man in the Province. 



ISO CLASS OF l68o. 

June 21, 1689, the graduate was engaged to preach by 
the town of Wells, Maine, where he had been living sev- 
eral years, and is said to have taught school. He was to 
be paid yearly ".£50 in the produce of the town, . . . pork 
at two and a half cents a pound, wheat at four shillings 
a bushel, rye at two shillings and six pence, peas at four 
shillings, boards at nineteen dollars and staves at seven- 
teen dollars a thousand. He was also to have the use 
of the parsonage." December 6 [1690], " M r Richard 
Martin jun: deceased of the smal pox," at Portsmouth, 
never having been ordained. 

The father was the ancestor of John Martyn, H. U. 
1724, Martyn Paine, H. U. 18 13, and other graduates. 

The family coat of arms may be found in W. H. 
Whitmore's Elements of Heraldry. 

Authorities. — E. E. Bourne, vii. 124; xxiv. 17. M. Paine, Letter, 

History of Wells and Kennebunk, 169. 1862, February 17. J. Pike, Jour- 

J. Farmer, Genealogical Register, nal, in New Hampshire Historical 

189. J. B. Felt, History of Ipswich, Society's Collections, iii. 44; and 

160, 333. N. Gilman, Interleaved Massachusetts Historical Society's 

Triennial Catalogue of Harvard Col- Proceedings, xiv. 127. J. Savage, 

lege. J. Greenleaf, Sketches of the Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 164; 

Ecclesiastical History of Maine, 20. iv. 246. J. Wentworth, Wentworth 

Maine Historical Society, Collec- Genealogy, i. 116; iii. 448. W. H. 

tions, i. 264. New England His- Whitmore, Elements of Heraldry, 68. 
torical and Genealogical Register, 



JOHN LEVERETT. 

Born 1662, died 1724, aged 61. 



John Leverett, M. A., B. D., F. R. S., Tutor or 
Resident Fellow, Judge, President of the College, was 
born in Boston, 25 August, 1662, and baptized, 8 May, 
1670. He is commonly spoken of as grandson of Gov- 



JOHN LEVERETT. l8l 

ernor John Leverett. He was the oldest child of Hudson 
Leverett, who "maintained but an indifferent character," 
by his first wife, Sarah, daughter of Bezaleel Payton, or 
Peyton. He received his early education at the public 
grammar school in Boston, mostly under the instruction 
of the famous Ezekiel Cheever. At graduating he de- 
livered the Salutatory Oration in Latin. He studied 
divinity, and preached occasionally for several years. 
March 23, 1684-5, ne was "chosen Probationer, and . . . 
desired to take the Care of the Class of Sophimores." 
September 15, 1685, he was chosen Resident Fellow or 
Tutor. His classmate, William Brattle, was appointed 
to a similar office in the same year, perhaps on the same 
day. They continued together in office more than ten 
years. The government and instruction of the College 
devolved on them chiefly during the whole time; and 
almost exclusively during the four years while President 
Mather was in Europe; and then they moderated at 
Commencements. In the year 1686, "there was allowed 
to" them, "besides the income of the" Charlestown 
"Ferry, the sume of fifty eight pounds for that year"; 
but, as they say in a memorial in 1690, "for y e years 
1687, 88, and 89 (Now Expireing) besides y e Ferry we 
have not received one Penny," though "our Expences 
have necessariely been as great, our Difficulties more 
Intricate & our Services more Burthensome then they 
were Anno 86, Especially these two last years, by Reason 
of y e Rev d Mr. Mather's Absence." June 16, 1690, the 
Corporation agreed that they "should have £50 pr An- 
num for the years 87. 88 & 89 pd them out of Colledge 
money beside the Ferry. So as may not be prejudiciall 
to the Colledge Stocke : These 3 years Expired at the 
Commencem! viz July 1690; or August I st 1690." This 
arrearage occurred during Andros's administration. 

After Andros's deposition, and immediately after his 



l82 CLASS OF l68o. 

escape from Massachusetts to Rhode Island, Leverett, 
Brattle, and others from the College, visited New York. 
Governor Leisler was greatly alarmed. The circumstances 
attending their arrival led to the suspicion that they were 
Andros's confederates, and that Andros was not far off. 
Leisler sent for them and demanded their pass. They 
said they had one, but had lost it: they knew nobody 
but two known Papists, says Leisler, "whereby I sus- 
pected them to be really of Sir Edmund's people, and 
beat the drum." Leisler sent twelve soldiers to search 
the house where they put up. They brought two port- 
manteaus, which contained about forty letters, "most of 
them directed to disapproves of our actions," writes 
Leisler; whereupon he alarmed the town, and rallied 
"about five hundred men courageously armed," and 
"sent out parties to search for strangers, and for the 
men of the house where they arrived, being persons who 
never joined with us to watch and fortify, nor armed in 
any alarm. The letters being read, and nothing found, 
we suspected that those of consequence were gone, and 
so remained upon our guard. In the morning," con- 
tinues Leisler, " Mr. Lawrence perused a letter from his 
grandchild, wherein the characters of the said gentlemen 
were discovered; upon which slender proof, and my 
charity, I ventured to release the said gentlemen, who 
confessed we had just cause to suspect them, all things 
falling out as they did." 

In 1692, Leverett and Brattle received the degree of 
Bachelor in Divinity. 

Both of them favored the organization of the Brattle 
Street Church and Society in Boston, and when the invi- 
tation was sent to Benjamin Colman, H. U. 1692, then 
in England, to become the minister, each of them wrote 
to him urging him to accepX the invitation. Both were 
liberal in their religious sentiments, and both differed 



JOHN LEVERETT. 183 

from what may be called the Mather party. Both were 
made members of the College Corporation by the College 
charter of 1692. When this charter was negatived by the 
King, both held that relation, and were among those who 
were afterward reinstated in their offices. 

Both were elected members of the Royal Society of 
London, 11 March, 17 13. 

Toward the close of the seventeenth century began the 
religious and political controversy which affected the 
College for many years. November 25, 1696, Brattle 
was settled in the ministry in Cambridge. Leverett's 
name was omitted, or struck out, from the original draft 
of a charter for the College, which was proposed in 1697, 
and which was drawn up by Increase Mather; but it was 
restored by the House of Delegates. Brattle's name 
was also left out of the proposed charter of 1700, and 
also restored. 

Leverett studied and practised law. He was Repre- 
sentative to the legislature. Cotton, H. U. 1698, writes 
that his class was "obliged to rise at five o'clock in the 
winter mornings that Mr. L. might seasonably attend 
the General Court at Boston." In 1700 Leverett was 
Speaker of the House. Afterward he was member of 
the Governor's Council. September 8, 1702, he was 
appointed Judge of the Superior Court, and while hold- 
ing this office he was appointed, 23 October, 1702, Judge 
of Probate by Governor Dudley, with whom he was then 
a great favorite, and to whom he was strongly attached. 

In 1704, he and Colonel Townsend, of Massachusetts, 
with other commissioners from Connecticut, visited the 
Five Nations to "strengthen the alliance with them, 
which they did to so good effect that they promis'd to 
take up the Hatchet whenever the Governor of New 
York should desire it." 

In 1707, Colonel Hutchinson, Colonel Townsend, 



1S4 CLASS OF l68o. 

and Leverett, all of them members of the Council, 
were appointed Commissioners, with as full powers as 
the Governor would have, to superintend and direct the 
proceedings of the army, which, under Colonel March, 
had for the most part returned to Casco Bay from an 
unsuccessful expedition against Port Royal in Nova Scotia. 
They were to be superintending Counsellors to March, 
and he was to do nothing without their advice. They 
embarked about 3 July, and after beating for some time 
in the morning on a rock, to which they gave the name 
of Alden Rock, three or four miles from Cape Elizabeth, 
near Portland, they arrived in the afternoon, 7 July, at 
Casco Bay. The troops, who were in a mutinous con- 
dition, were brought to obedience, and on the 25th sailed 
again for Port Royal, where they arrived, by the way of 
Passamaquoddy, on the 10th of August; — a return to 
Port Royal which was in accordance with the Governor's 
will. August 15, Leverett writes to his wife: "The 
most difficult and the most successless service in the 
world has been imposed upon me. Nothing, I fear, 
can be compared with the difficulty, but the dishon 1 ", that 
will, unless an infinitely mercyfull providence interpose, 
redound to my poor Country & Countrymen, from this 
popularly insisted on design and Expedition. I expect 
no honour to myself, nor ever did, and I am in no ter- 
rour of my dishonour singly, because I haue diligently 
and carefully, though unsuccessfully, as yet, attended to 
the duties of my station. Altho' I am the least of the 
number sent out, I 'may without vanity, and it will be 
acknowledged, and can be demonstrated, that I have la- 
boured and drudged, both in thought and deed, more 
than others." The army landed and continued on shore 
till the 20th, when they re-embarked, both they and the 
French being glad to get rid of each other. 

October 28, 1707, very soon after the failure of the 



JOHN LEVERETT. 185 

expedition, Leverett, while holding the several offices of 
Lieutenant of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Com- 
pany, of Judge of the Superior Court, Judge of Probate, 
and Counsellor, was unanimously chosen President of 
the College. This nomination by the Fellows was with 
"good Confidence that he" would "(when Accepted & 
Subsisted) Lay aside and Decline all Interfering Offices 
& Imploym ts and Devote himself to s d worke, And by 
the Divine help be A Very able and faithfull Instrum' to 
promote the holy Religion here practiced and established, 
by Instructing and fitting for Our Pulpits, and Churchs, 
and Other publick and usefull Services, Such as Shal in 
this School of the Prophets be Comitted to his Care & 
charge." 

The choice was so satisfactory that, though it was nat- 
ural for the clergy to expect it would fall on one of their 
number, thirty-nine of them signed an address to Governor 
Dudley, expressing their "great Joy," and stating "that 
no pson whatsoever could be more Acceptable to" them; 
that they were "abundantly satisfied and Assur'd of his 
Religion, and Learning & . . . Excellent Accomplishm'f 
for that Eminent Service, a Long Experi? of w c . h we had 
while he was the Sen r Fellow of that House, for y! under 
the Wise & faithfull Governm' of him and the Rev"? M r 
Brattle . . . the greatest p! of y e now rising Ministry in 
New Engl 1 ! were happily Educated." 

For twenty years the constitution of the College had 
been in a condition of hazardous dependence on the will 
of civil rulers ; and when the nomination came up for 
action, in December, 1707, the General Court took oc- 
casion to settle the matter by voting that the act of 1650, 
establishing the Corporation of Harvard College, had 
"not been repealed or nulled." The number of Fellows, 
which had grown to fourteen, was reduced to that re- 
quired by the charter. A salary of one hundred and fifty 



i86 



CLASS OF l68o. 



pounds was granted to the President elect, "to be paid 
annually out of the publick Treasury . . . during his Con- 
tinuance in the s d Office, residing at Cambridge and dis- 
charging the Proper Dutys to a Preside belonging and 
entirely devote himself to that service." 

January 14, 1707-8, "His Excy, attended by Mr 
Preside, the Fellows and Overseers went into the Hall ; 
and in the Presence of the Schollars, and a Numerous 
Company of Gent? from Severall p ts Declared M r John 
Leverett to be the Rev? President of the s d Colledge ; 
and put the Care of that Seminary into his hands agree- 
able to y e Choice of y e ffellows of the House, Approba- 
tion of the Overseers and the votes of the Council & 
Assembly in their Last Session, w th the Usual formality ; 
Directing him to Govern that house & the Schollars there 
with Duty & Allegience to Our Sovereign Lady the 
Queen, and Obedience to Her Maj tys Laws." "A Psalm 
was sung (Choragogo D. Paulo Dudleio) and the Gloria 
Patri closes the whole." ' 



1 According to Wads worth's mi- 
nutes, copied into Leverett's manu- 
script volume, " The Govern r & 
Council & ministers from the Six 
Neighbouring Towns were present 
in the Library ; there were the Col- 
lege Charter, Records, Laws with a 
seal standing upon them ; also the 
College Keys. Many pple were in 
the Hall below, in the Middle of the 
Hall a Table was set for the Gov^ & 
Council to sit at; things being thus 
prepared, The Gov^ Order'd the Li- 
brary Keeper to carry down (under 
his right arm) the College Charter, 
Books of Record, & Laws, & the 
Seal upon them ; He order'd the 
Buttler to carry down the Keys in 
his Left hand ; then the Gov": took 
M'. Leverett by the Hand, Led him 
out of the Library (after the books 



& Keys) down into the Hall, where 
the Books, Seal, Keys were laid on 
the Table in the Midst of the Hall. 
The Gov r sat down on one side of the 
Table, & M* Leverett over against 
him ; The Council and M 1 . Hub- 
bard" [Hobart] ''of New Cambridge 
also sat at the Table. Then Mr. 
Hobart began with a very serious 
suitable Prayer, he having Ended, 
S' Sewal made An Oration in Latin ; 
nextly the Govern 1 : made a speech 
in Latin, to M r . Leverett more espe- 
cially, declaring how the Corporation 
had chosen him, the Gov! & Council 
approved him, the Genl Court voted 
him A Salary So he invested him in 
his Office, pointing to the Books, 
Seal, Keys, on the Table, w<* he 
delivered to him as Ensigns of his 
Office-power. After this M r Lever- 



JOHN LEVERETT. 



I8 7 



By Increase Mather and his son, Cotton Mather, the 
election of Leverett was almost insupportable. They 
were disappointed that the choice had not been of one of 
themselves. Increase Mather never attended a meeting 
of the Board of Overseers during Leverett's administra- 
tion, and Cotton Mather but once, and then it was to 
try to thwart Dudley, whom he hated. Their influence, 
so far as it was exerted, was to embarrass Leverett's ad- 
ministration, which, though eminently successful, was not 
carried through without many trials and perils to the 
institution. It was during his presidency that difficul- 
ties between Sever (H. U. 1701) and Pierpont (H.U. 
17 1 5) led to consequences that "threatened the dissolu- 
tion of the college." 



ett made a short speech in Latin to 
the Gov r then S' Holyoke made an 
Oration in Latin. In the next place, 
M r . Danforth Min 1 : of Dorchester 
went to prayer. In the Last place, 
part of the 132 Psalm was Sung, 
[closed with the Gloria Patri,] and 
thus the Affair was Ended. After 
the business was thus over, They 
went to dinner in the Hall, and then 
every one went his way." The ac- 
count by Judge Sewall is printed in 
Quincy's History, I. 493; and in the 
Collections of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, xlvi. 209. 

The kind of entertainment at the 
dinner may be inferred from the fol- 
lowing details in the Steward's Ac- 
counts : — 

£ s. d. 
24 pounds flour, 080 

14 pounds butter, and 10^, o 13 9 

12 fowls, 07 10 
29^- pounds beef, 36 pounds 

pork, 75 pounds roast 

beef, 2 o 10 

4 turkeys, 36^., o 12 2 



6 pounds mutton, 
Two tongues, 

7 pounds bread, 
Onions, 
Cranberries, 

6 cabbages, 

Turnips, 

Parsnips, 

Potatoes, 

Eggs, 

White sugar, 

Beer, 

10 gallons green wine, 

4 gallons Madeira, 

2 gallons Port wine, 

6 glasses, 

2 pounds sugar, 

Spice, 

2 pounds tobacco, 

4 dozen pipes, 

4^ pounds cheese, 

10 mess-meat pies, 

9 mess-apple pies, 

Wood, 

Porterage, 



l88 CLASS OF l68o. 

Leverett writes, 28 March, 1709, "I set out for New- 
York, being in joynt Comission from the Governm* with 
Maj r Winthrop to Congratulate the Arrival of My Lord 
Lovelace, and treat upon the Defence of our ffrontiers, 
and Concert measures for the Carrying on the Warr 
against the French and Indians of Canada, and to Induce 
the Governm! of N. York to lay aside their Neutrality, 
and joyn with" Massachusetts "against the Comon En- 
emy to her Maj l ? s Interests in America." He got back 
to "Boston in the beginning of May . . . And w n the 
General Court Sat, besides the Copys of" their "Memo- 
rials, presented to My Lord Lovelace, and the Answers 
return'd by his Council of State to" him and Winthrop, 
"before returnd to his Excy Gov r Dudley," he "gave 
ace 1 to the General Assembly of" their "Negotiation." 
" Upon my return from that service, I betook my Selfe 
to my Post and busieness at College." 

Leverett also took another excursion in October, 17 16, 
with Governor Shute, who had just arrived in Boston, 
and visited the College on his way to Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, where, 23 October, Shute made "publick 
his comission for that Governm*," took "the oaths, and 
issued a Proclamation for the Continuance of all Officers 
Civil and Military." 

November 12, 171 8, Leverett was publicly attacked by 
Sewall, H. U. 1671, before the Overseers, on the ground 
that there had been some "Intermission of the Exposi- 
tion of the Scriptures." Quincy says: "At this time 
there existed in the Board of Overseers and House of 
Representatives a party, having for their object to effect 
a change in the Corporation, either by the voluntary 
resignation or compulsory removal of some obnoxious 
members of that board. The schemes of this party ex- 
tended apparently to President Leverett himself, if we 
may judge by the nature of their attacks, and by their 



JOHN LEVERETT. 1 89 

refusal of grants for his necessary support. . . . On the 
6th of December, 1720, President Leverett addressed a 
supplicatory letter to the House of Representatives, stat- 
ing his difficulties, inconveniences, discouragements, and 
'want of necessary support.'" It was altogether un- 
heeded. He began to infer it was their intention to 
"starve him out of the service." If such be "their 
mind," he writes, "it is but letting me know, and I will 
not put the House to exercise that cruelty." Paul 
Dudley, H. U. 1690, improved the moment to assail 
him by stating that he "had not given three expositions 
in the Hall for a twelve month." Leverett replied, 
15 December, that "it was false." 

In 17 1 5, "in consideration of the extraordinary scarcity 
and dearness of provisions, and other necessaries of house- 
keeping," the House had, for the current year, added 
.£40 to his allowance; and again, in 1720, they voted to 
him a grant of £50; but, 8 September, 1721, they neg- 
atived a motion to make him an allowance of .£30. 

June 23, 1721, Sever, H. U. 1701, and Welsteed, 
H. U. 1716, Tutors, improved the occasion, and pre- 
sented to the Overseers a memorial, claiming seats as 
members of the Corporation, by virtue of being Fellows 
and actual residents at the College, engaged in the busi- 
ness of instruction, and receiving a stipend. This me- 
morial opened the whole question whether what is now 
called the College Faculty should by virtue of their 
offices be members of the Corporation. The discussion 
was continued, at times with warm altercation, for more 
than two years ; and the prosperity, if not the existence, 
of the College would have been imperilled if it had not 
been for the firmness and conscientiousness with which 
Colman, H. U. 1692, Wadsworth, H. U. 1690, and 
Appleton, H. U. 1712, who were members of the Cor- 
poration, supported the principles maintained by Leverett. 



I9O CLASS OF l68o. 

This memorial, too, was introduced amid the agitating 
questions and altercations growing out of the liberality of 
the Corporation, and the illiberality and bigotry of the 
Overseers, concerning the Professorship of Divinity which 
Hollis had proposed to found. These attempts to change 
the charter terminated, in 1723, in the complete triumph 
of the Corporation. 

While these matters were in agitation, it was thought a 
favorable moment to commence in the Board of Overseers 
measures strongly indicating discontent with the state of 
the College. Ten articles, three of them having reference 
to the general conduct of the College, and seven exclu- 
sively to its religious and moral condition, indicating very 
distinctly the points on which there existed, or was a dis- 
position to create, suspicions, were drawn up and reported 
by a committee, 30 September, 1723, as proper for a Visita- 
tion of the College by the Overseers to proceed upon. 

For some months before this, as appears from state- 
ments in the bill of his physician, Dr. Henry Hooker, 
Leverett's health, which may have been affected by these 
vexatious trials, had begun to fail. In 1722 he was in 
Boston under the treatment of Doctor Boylston. After 
this he "comes up again, and complains that he is sick 
at stomach and has asthma." May 2, 1724, according 
to Sewall, "he went to bed seemingly pretty well, wak'd 
early and complain'd of pain. He seemed to goe to 
sleep again ; was found dead in his bed betw. 6 and 7 
A. M." Again Sewall writes, "When he was call'd to 
pray in the Hall Lord's day morning, May 3, was found 
dead in his Bed." May 6 he was buried. "Bearers, 
His Honor the L l Gov r , Col. Tailer; Sewall, Dr. Ma- 
ther; Wadsworth, Colman. Gloves, Rings, Scutcheons. 
The Corps was first carried into the Hall, the whole 
Funeral Solemnity moving thither. There it was set 
down ; and Mr. Welsteed made a Funeral Oration in 



JOHN LEVERETT. I9I 

Latin ; w ch was performed well, considering the greatness 
of the Occasion, and Short Warning. Then the Cav- 
alcade proceeded again, and by reason of the length of 
it; The Fellows and Students going before; and the 
Mourners, & others, following after, were fain to pro- 
ceed near as far as Hastings before they return'd. Was 
laid in a brick grave. . . . Mr. Appleton & Mr. Wads- 
worth Preach next Sabbath. Mr. Colman Sabbath After. 
All gave him a great Character as I am informed." In 
opening the Court at Cambridge, 28 July, Sewall spoke 
of him as having been "an Ornament to that Bench, and 
to the Probat Office. Mention'd his excellency in gov- 
erning the Students of the College, with great Sweetness 
and Candor tempered with Convenient Severity." The 
Latin inscription over his grave is printed in W. T. 
Harris's Epitaphs, and in the Leverett Memorial. 

After sixteen years of faithful and laborious service on 
a salary of one hundred and fifty pounds, exclusive of 
the grants which have been mentioned, he died in debt 
upward of two thousand pounds, for the payment of 
which his daughters were obliged to sell the mansion- 
house which had descended to them from their great- 
grandfather. 1 

1 While Leverett was engaged in in consequence of the wars with the 
the affairs of the College he was also Eastern Indians. After the peace of 
interested in another subject which Utrecht, Leverett projected the reset- 
occupies an important place in the tlement of the " Land with all possible 
history of Maine for a century after- Vigour and Despatch; but in regard 
wards. The Council established at all the old Settlements were demol- 
Plymouth in England made, 23 March, ished, apprehending the Undertaking 
1630, to John Beauchamp and to too Extensive for a single Person, 
Thomas Leverett, the President's he invited several " men of property 
great-grandfather, a grant of land to become associated with him. To 
equal to thirty miles square, called strengthen his title, he bought. 13 
Lincolnshire, or Muscongus Patent, August, 1719, of Spencer Phips, heir 
all of which became vested in the and adopted son of Sir William Phips, 
President. The settlement of it had the Indian deed which Sir William 
been often interrupted and delayed Phips had received from the Indian 



I92 CLASS OF l68o. 

The daughters and heirs, in a memorial to the General 
Court in 1726, state that their father had been necessi- 
tated to "smk his Yearly Rent in his own Estate," and 
"to fall in debt One Hundred Pounds per Year during 
the Time of his being President," and that, the Presi- 
dent's house having been pulled down to make way for 
the new college, Massachusetts Hall, he had been sub- 
jected for four years to the additional expense of twenty 
pounds rent, and that rent for two months was due for 
their house while occupied by President Wadsworth. 
Although the Council transmitted to the House the 
memorial, with a message that the justice and honor of 
the General Court were concerned in making compen- 
sation, they voted only "thirty pounds to the petitioners 
in full satisfaction of and in answer to the petition," de- 
claring that of this sum twenty pounds were for arrearages 
of salary occurring in the month antecedent to the Presi- 
dent's death, and ten pounds for the two months' rent 
due as above stated. 

Quincy says that Leverett's administration, "in circum- 
stances of great delicacy and difficulty, reflected an honor 
on his name and character, which his contemporaries 
almost unanimously acknowledged, and which has been 

chief, Madokawando. By deeds of Knox erected a mansion, which at 
14 and 15 August, 1 719, the property the time was the most splendid in 
was divided into thirty equal parts Maine, and there he died. A very 
among the associates, and the com- instructive account of the historical 
pany afterwards became known as events in connection with this tract 
"The Twenty Associates of the Lin- of land may be found in Eaton's An- 
colnshire Company." The extensive nals of Warren. A concise early 
tract is often called the Waldo Pa- account is printed in the Journals of 
tent, and became the scene of many the House of Representatives of 
important historical events. The Massachusetts, under date of 27 Jan- 
most important settlements were at uary, 1 731-2, and further notices are 
Warren and Thomaston, on the St. found in the Massachusetts Histori- 
George's River. At the latter place, cal Collections, xxxii. 226. See also 
and almost precisely on the spot Samuel Waldo's Defence of the Title 
where the fort was built, General of the late John Leverett. 



JOHN LEVERETT. I93 

confirmed by the judgement of posterity." He was dis- 
tinguished for vigorous and active endeavors to increase 
the funds, enlarge the accommodations, and establish the 
neglected or dormant claims of the College. A favor- 
able decree in chancery secured the legacy of Hopkins. 
The bounty of the first Thomas Hollis, beginning in 
1719, "flowed towards the College in a continuous 
stream, enlarging its beneficiary fund, increasing its Li- 
brary, and at last concentrating in two Professorships, 
one of Divinity, the other of Mathematics and Natural 
Philosophy, and amounting to nearly five thousand 
pounds Massachusetts currency, not including various 
contributions to the Library." It was Leverett and 
Colman who suggested to Hollis the establishment of 
the Professorship of Divinity which he founded. To 
all this may be added several smaller donations, and the 
erection of Massachusetts Hall for the accommodation 
of the increased number of students. 

Peirce, deriving many of his ideas from Appleton's 
Funeral Sermon, says: "His qualifications for the office 
were not only eminent in degree, but singularly various. 
. . . He had a 'great and generous soul.' His natural 
abilities were of a very high order. His attainments 
were profound and extensive. He was well acquainted 
with the learned languages, with the arts and sciences, 
with history, philosophy, lr.w, divinity, politics ; and such 
was his reputation for knowledge of men and things, that, 
1 in almost every doubtful and difficult case,' he was re- 
sorted to for information and advice. 

"To his wisdom and knowledge he added great firm- 
ness, resolution, and energy of character. His great 
abilities being consecrated to the service of God and of 
his generation, he was never deterred by difficulties or 
dangers from any undertaking, which Providence seemed 
to impose upon him. He prosecuted his plans with 

VOL. III. IJ [January 16, 1884.] 



194 



CLASS OF l68o. 



invincible constancy, diligence, and cheerfulness. The 
accomplishment of them was frequently the reward of 
his untiring perseverance ; but if at any time his efforts 
were not attended with success, his strength of mind was 
equally conspicuous under the disappointment. It was 
in truth not his own will, but the will of God, that was his 
rule of life. . . . All his endowments, natural and acquired, 
all the operations of his mind and heart, were subjected 
to the control of religious and moral principle." 

"With so many solid and brilliant recommendations, 
and with the experience which his former connection with 
the College (as Tutor) had happily given him, he brought 
to the station, in which he was to pass the residue of his 
days, a spirit of government, which was never probably 
manifested in greater perfection. Such was the weight of 
his character; such his reputation for talents, learning, and 
virtue; such the 'majesty and marks of greatness in his 
speech, his behaviour, and his very countenance'; and so 
admirably did he temper severity with mildness ; that the 
students were inspired with reverence and affection for 
him at the same time. The result, it is almost unneces- 
sary to say, was obedience and order." 

"FOR forty years together," said Colman, "he has 
shone in this Place and in the eyes of this Society, in near 
a Meridian lustre. For his Morning, which we do but 
just remember, was so bright that it seem'd to us even 
then the Noon of life ; and the College and Country 
greatly rejoiced in his early and uncommon light. Near 
.forty years past we saw the College flourishing under his 
wise Instruction and Government, his faithful Watch, his 
diligent and authoritative Inspection. We then beheld 
him esteemed highly in love and honored greatly by 
those that were his Fathers image ; and as for us we rev- 
erenc'd, fear'd and lov'd him as our Father, and as if 
he had been then grey in the Presidents Chair." 



JOHN LEVERETT. I95 

Peirce says further: "Of all the tributes to his mem- 
ory, the finest, perhaps, was that paid to it by Mr. Henry 
Flynt, about thirteen years after his death. Mr. Flynt was 
a scholar, had been educated under Mr. Leverett, and, as 
Tutor and Fellow of the Corporation, was associated with 
him during the whole of his presidency. In a Latin 
Oration on the death of President Wadsworth, he took 
occasion to introduce a brief but glowing eulogium on 
President Leverett, closing it in the following striking 
language: ' De illo viro amplissimo, et doctissimo, a 
quovis excellenti genio, dici potest, ut olim, "a longe 
sequor, vestigia semper adorans." Inscribere convenit, in 
ejus monumento, quod Aristoteles Philosophus longe ab 
hinc, in sepulchro magistri sui Platonis divini, exarari 
voluit, nimirum, hie jacet homo, quern non licet, non decet, 
impiis vel ignorant this laudare.' " 

Hutchinson speaks of Leverett as "having the char- 
acter of a gentleman and scholar, and also of a man of 
virtue and religion." 

According to Eliot, "One of the effects of the devo- 
tion of this eminent man to the education of young 
persons at Cambridge was the increase of the number of 
those who resorted to Harvard College for instruction. 
Notwithstanding the recent establishment of Yale Col- 
lege, which would naturally withdraw those who would 
otherwise have resorted to us from the sister province, 
the average number in the classes was more than doubled 
in President Leverett's time; and, indeed, it reached a 
point that was not greatly surpassed for more than half 
a century. It was a period, too, of financial embarrass- 
ment, and even of distress ; so that the growth of the 
College must have been in spite of many adverse circum- 
stances. Nor was there any decline as to the character 
and high position attained, in after life, by the young 
men who were led to Cambridge by his influence, and 



I96 CLASS OF l680. 

were educated under his care. Three of the graduates 
between 1706 and 1728 were afterwards governors, and 
two of them were lieutenant-governors of provinces, two 
were judges, and five others chief justices of the Supreme 
Courts of different provinces, one was rector of Yale, and 
two became professors in Harvard College; and of the 
whole number, 449, there were 207 that became ministers 
of the gospel, the renown of some of whom has descended 
to our day." 

Leverett was married, (1.) at the age of thirty-five, by 
Cotton Mather, 25 November, 1697, to Margaret, born 
18 February, 1664. She was daughter of President John 
Rogers, H. U. 1649, by Elizabeth, only daughter of 
Major-General Daniel Denison, and was the widow of 
Captain Thomas Berry, of Boston, afterward of Ipswich, 
H. U. 1685, respecting whom there is an interesting let- 
ter by her in the Leverett Memorial, page 130. They 
had Margaret, born 30 September, 1698, died 22 No- 
vember, 1702; Mary, probably 1699, died 7 July, 1699; 
Sarah, 12 November, 1700, married, at Cambridge, 15 
June, 1726, Professor Edward Wigglesworth, H. U. 
1710, and died 9 November, 1727; Mary, 29 October, 
1701, married, 9 April, 17 1 9, Major John Denison, of 
Ipswich, H. U. 1710, and 25 December, 1728, Nathaniel 
Rogers, H. U. 1721, and died 25 June, 1756; John, 26 
September, 1703, died 31 October, 1704; Pay ton, 4 Au- 
gust, 1704, died 7 December, 1704; Margaret, 31 July, 
1705, died 16 June, 1 7 1 6 ; Anne, 5 July, 1708, died 30 
July, 1708; John, 21 June, 171 1, died 4 July, 171 1. 
The mother of all these children died 7 June, 1720. 

Leverett was married (2.) by Benjamin Colman to 
Sarah, born in Boston 15 September, 1672, daughter of 
Richard and Sarah Crisp, who had been married 1 1 
April, 1695, to William Harris, who died 22 Septem- 
ber, 1 72 1. After the decease of Leverett, the widow was 



JOHN LEVERETT. I97 

married, 15 July, 1725, by Benjamin Colman, to John 
Clark, and 6 May, 173 1, to Doctor Colman himself. 
She died 24 April, 1744. 



No important monuments of Leverett's literary or scientific at- 
tainments remain except such as relate to the College. 

1. In the Library of the Massachusetts Historical Society is a 
manuscript volume containing some of Leverett's writings, among 
which are college exercises after his graduation, and an "Oratio 
Salutatoria," which appears to have been delivered on the occasion 
of Andros's visit to the College. It also has notes of several ser- 
mons which he had'heard preached. 

2. A manuscript volume by him, beginning 28 October, 1707, 
the day on which he was chosen President by the Corporation, and 
irregularly continued till 23 August, 1723, was presented to the 
Corporation in 1797 by "the children of the late Doctor Wiggles- 
worth." It contains details of Leverett's Inauguration, Dudley's 
Latin Oration, and Leverett's Latin Inaugural Oration ; also Lev- 
erett's Latin Addresses at the Inauguration of Joseph Stevens, 
H. U. 1703, 14 February, 1711-12, as Fellow of the College; of 
Edward Holyoke, H. U. 1705, 20 September, 1712, as Resident 
Fellow; and of Edward Wigglesworth, H. U. 1710, 23 October, 
1722, as Hollis Professor of Divinity, together with Wigglesworth's 
Latin Address. It also contains the Address to Governor Dudley 
by the thirty-nine ministers, w«th their names and residences, which 
is printed in Quincy's History, i. 504 ; votes of the Corporation, 
and details, of which there is no other record, respecting the disci- 
pline of the College, the difficulties between Sever and Pierpont, 
and those of the Corporation and Overseers. 

3. A few letters by him to his wife while he was a commis- 
sioner to regulate the Port Royal army are printed in the Leverett 
Memoir, and others in Quincy's History. 

Authorities. — N. Appleton, Ser- tionary, 297. S. A. Eliot, Sketch of 

mon after the Death of John Leverett. the History of Harvard College, 35. 

B. Colman, Sermon after the Sudden H. Flynt, Manuscript Diary; and in 

Death of John Leverett. J. Cotton, B. Peirce's History of Harvard Uni- 

Manuscript Diary (W. G. Brooks's versity, 125. W. T. Harris, Epitaphs 

copy). J. Eliot, Biographical Die- from the Old Burying-Ground in 



198 



CLASS OF 



l68o. 



Cambridge, 31, 39, 52, 62, 70. Har- 
vard College Corporation Records, 
i. 69; iii. 85 ; iv. 5. T. Hutchinson, 
History of Massachusetts Bay, i. 323, 
392. C. E. Leverett, Memoir of John 
Leverett. S. K. Lothrop, History of 
the Church in Brattle Street, 48. 
Massachusetts Historical Society, 
Collections, iv. 15; xiv. 64; xxv. 
194; xxvi. 260; xxxii. 226; and 
Proceedings, v. 161. Massachusetts 
House Journals, 1724, December 10; 

1725, December 7; 1725-6, January 5 ; 

1726, November 26, December 10; 

1727, December 4; 1 73 1-2, January 
27. New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, iii. 106 ; iv. 
134; v. 145, 319 ; xii. 289; xv. 201 ; 
xvi. 65 ; xxix. 62. J. G. Palfrey, Ser- 
mon in Brattle Square Church, July 



18, 1824, 38. B. Peirce, History of 
Harvard University, 78, 113. S. 
Penhallow, Hist, of the Wars of New 
England with the Eastern Indians, 
2 S- J- Quincy, History of Harvard 
University, i. 201, 204, 213, 283, 541. 
J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, i. 
1 71 ; iii. 82. S. Sewall, Manuscripts ; 
and in the Massachusetts Historical 
Society's Collections, xlv., xlvi., and 
xlvii. N. B. Shurtleff, Genealogical 
Memoir of the Family of T. Leverett, 
16, 19 ; and in the New England 
Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ter, iv. 133. B. Wadsworth, Sermon 
soon after his Death. E. Washburn, 
Sketches of the Judicial History of 
Massachusetts, 79, 242, 273. Z. G. 
Whitman, History of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company, 249. 



JAMES OLIVER. 

Born 1658-9, died 1703, aged 44. 

James Oliver, M. A., of Cambridge, born 19 March, 
1659, brother of Peter Oliver, H. U. 1675, son of Peter, 
of Boston, and Sarah (Newgate or Newdigate) Oliver, 
made freeman in 1690, was "a man beloved, pious, and 
useful, above many." He was "one of the most esteemed 
Physicians in his Day; who had a singular Help in the 
Art of Chymistry by the ingenious Dr. Lodovick, a Ger- 
man, who was also accounted an excellent Physician ; and 
the most skilful Chymist that ever came into these Parts 
of America" He settled in Cambridge, married Mercy, 
born 20 November, 1667, daughter of Dr. Samuel Brad- 
street, H. U. 1653, and Mercy (Tyng), granddaughter of 
Governor Simon and Anne (Dudley) Bradstreet. She 



JAMES OLIVER. 199 

died at Cambridge, 29 March, 17 10. Their children were 
Mercy, born 1695, died unmarried in 1773; Sarah, born 
4 September, baptized 20 December, 1696, who was mar- 
ried, 12 August, 1714, to the Honorable Jacob Wendell, 
of Boston, father of Jacob Wendell, H. U. 1733. 

" Sub hoc tumulo 
Depositae sunt Rejiquiae, 
CI. D. JACOBI OLIVERI, 
Col. Harvardini quondam 

Alumni & Ornamenti •, 

Viri Arte Medica insignis 

& Virtutibus tarn Divinis quam 

humanis vere conspicui, 
qui summo sui desiderio apud 
Omnes Valentes pariter atque 
^grotantes relicto. Decessit 
Octavo die Aprilis, Anno Domini 
MDCCIII, ^tatis XLIV." 

Authorities. — S. G. Drake, His- i. 64; viii. 312, 314; xix. 101, 102. 

tory and Antiquities of Boston, 293. W. Phillips, Letter, July, 1850. T. 

E. D. Harris, Account of some of Prince, Preface to N. Williams's 

the Descendants of Capt. Thomas Method of Practice in the Sma)l-Pox. 

Brattle, 39. W. T. Harris, Epitaphs J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, 

from the Old Burying-Ground in iii. 309, 310. W. H. Whitmore, 

Cambridge, 33. New England His- Hutchinson and Oliver Family, 27, 

torical and Genealogical Register, 28. 



Leverett, Oliver, and Brattle, three classmates, all born in Boston, en- 
tered College, graduated together, and settled in Cambridge, one a lawyer, 
another a physician, the third a clergyman. The last two were placed in 
the same tomb. 



200 CLASS OF l68o. 

WILLIAM BRATTLE. 

Born 1662, died 171 7, aged 55. 

Rev. William Brattle, M. A., of Cambridge, Tutor 
or Resident Fellow, F. R. S., born 22 November, 1662, 
was fourth child of Thomas Brattle, of Boston, by his 
wife Elizabeth, daughter of Captain William Tyng. 
Many of the events of his life may be found in the Bio- 
graphical Sketches of his classmate, John Leverett, and 
of the Reverend Ebenezer Pemberton, H. U. 1691, and 
it is not necessary here to repeat them. Reverend Ben- 
jamin Colman, H. U. 1692, has a comparison between 
him and Pemberton in a Sermon preached after their 
funerals. Abiel Holmes, D. D., has given an account 
of him in his History of Cambridge, published in the 
Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vii. 
38, $$, and E. D. Harris, in his Account of the Descend- 
ants of Capt. Thomas Brattle. 

Brattle was ordained at Cambridge, 25 November, 1696, 
as successor of Nathaniel Gookin, H. U. 1675. "He 
and Mr. Mather, the President preached. Twas first 
order'd y 1 Mr. Brattle should not preach but many being 
troubled at it twas afterward altered. Mr. Brattle also 
procured the Ch to order y l Elder Clark should not lay 
his hand on's head w n he was ordaind ; and he refraind 
accordingly." These deviations from established usages 
showed Brattle's early disposition to act with indepen- 
dence. Subsequently, he prevailed on his church to allow 
private examinations, instead of public relations of re- 
ligious experience, for admission to fellowship, and that 
the admission of members should be signified by silence, 
instead of a manual vote. 

Colman, who was a student in College when Brattle 



WILLIAM BRATTLE. 201 

was an instructor, says he was "an Able, Faithful and 
tender Tutor. ... He countenanc'd vertue and Proficiency 
in us and every good Disposition he discern'd, with the 
most Fatherly Goodness ; ... he search'd out Vice, and 
browbeat and punisht it with the Authority and just 
Ancrer of a Master. ... He did his utmost to form us 
to Vertue and the fear of GOD and to do well in the 
World ; and with . . . Tears he dismiss'd his Pupils when 
he took leave of them, with his Pious Charges to them." 

In 1690 or 1 69 1, when the small-pox, which in those 
days spread terror wherever it appeared, broke out in the 
College, though Brattle had never had it, he remained 
with the sick students instead of moving out of town, 
visited them, and "ventured his Life for them, Minis- 
tring both to their Souls and Bodies ; for he was a skilful 
Physitian to both." He took the disease, and retired to 
his bed "to Live or Die as GOD should please to order 
for him"; but not having it in a malignant form, he 
recovered. This heroism endeared him to the students, 
and he received from them the name of Father of the 
College. 

August 10, 1703, he was chosen a member of the 
College Corporation. 

Increase Mather, in his Preface to J. Sewall's Sermon 
after the death of E. Pembertori, says of Brattle, "Had 
I not well known his Abilities, I would not have advised the 
precious Church in Cambridge, to have Elected and Ordained 
him their Pastor, and at their and his desire, performed that 
Office of Respect and Love." "I am glad to see his Character 
already Published; and that it is done without any Hyper- 
bolizing ; that which is there said of him being true, and 
nothing but justice to his Memory. Honos fugientem se- 
quitur. He is the more worthy of the honour which has been 
put upon him, for that (as I am informed) he desired that no 
mention should be made of him in any Funeral Sermon; which 



202 CLASS OF l68o. 

altho an evidence of his Humility ', does not make it unlawful 
for any to act contrary to his desire in that Matter!' 

The treatment which Brattle, in common with his 
brother Thomas Brattle, H. U. 1676, Leverett, Pem- 
berton, and others, received from the Mathers and their 
friends, on account of their independence, hastened the 
formation in Boston of the Church and Society in Brattle 
Square. The great principle maintained seems to have 
been the right to interpret the Scriptures for themselves, 
instead of being obliged to subscribe to the infallibility 
of the authors of the Cambridge Platform. Before the 
controversy which grew up was ended, the College became 
involved in it, and its welfare, if not its existence, imper- 
illed. After the death, 18 May, 17 13, of his brother 
Thomas Brattle, who was Treasurer of the College, 
William Brattle, who was his executor, was requested by 
the Corporation to discharge the duties of the office till 
there could be an election. During two years he con- 
ducted its financial concerns with fidelity and success. 
When he transferred the stock, 16 August, 17 15, to the 
Treasurer, John White, H. U. 1685, the property had 
been so well managed by the two Brattles that it amounted 
to ,£3,767, its revenue from rents and other property 
yielding £280. 

According to Colman, Brattle "was Wise and Discreet ; 
Humane, Affable, Courteous and Obliging; Free, Open, 
Sincere and Upright, Tender, Compassionate and Bountiful to 
the Needy, a Father to Orphans; Secret and Silent in the 
Good he did, a known Peace-Maker to Persons or So- 
cieties, a true and constant Friend, and a faithful one ; a 
Flatterer of none and free to Reprove where he lovd and 
esteem d. He could bear and forgive, and has said after 
Trials that he knew not how he could have spar d any one 
of them ; which shows that he had improv d them all. 
His Moderation and pacific k Spirit was known unto all, and 



WILLIAM BRATTLE. 203 

he seem'd to have an equal Respect unto Good Men of 
all Denominations. He had a Soul much above the Riches 
and Honours of this World, nor of Men sought he Glory. 
His Vertue was so strict and severe that he could not bear 
the Appearance of Evil, or any Liberties that look'd 
toward unlawful Pleasures. Nor did he express less In- 
dignation at falseness, envy, malice and other Lusts of the 
Sprit. Yet he was most Candid in making Allowances for 
Infirmities, Imprudencies and the Oversights of others, 
and Follies too which he tho't proceeded not' from a 
Vicious Mind. In his Eyes a vile Person was contemned, 
but he had the Charity also that thinketh no Evil. 

" His vertue was without a Soil. He was of an Austere 
and Mortify d Life. When did he ever allow himself 
(that we could see) in a Word, a Look or Gesture that 
was loose, nor could he suffer it in another. He could 
not bear to see another remember any fault of his own 
lightly, (as I have sometimes observ'd) were it never so 
small a one, and almost only a Childish Act. 

"Tho' he was Generous, Free and Plentiful at his 
Table, yet he lov'd what was Plain there, and cared not 
for Superfluity. He was Temperate in all things, and lov'd 
good Hours and good Order-, and lately he sent down 
his Dying Testimony against the Excess he heard of in our 
Entertainments. 

"He had true Humility, true Magnanimity and true 
Faith. He was Meek and Lowly in Heart, but Fierce 
against Sin. He could bow low to any in Civility or for 
their Benefit, but was never Brib'd nor Overaw d by their 
Favour or Displeasure. He was a steddy Observer, Ad- 
mirer and Adorer of Divine Providence!' 

He was a man of great learning and abilities, and at 
once a philosopher and a divine. 

John Barnard, H. U. 1700, represents him as "an 
excellent scholar, good preacher, a very pious, humble, 



204 CLASS OF l68o. 

and meek man, though naturally of quick and strong 
passions ; full of benevolence, a father to the college, and 
cherisher of the candidates for the ministry ; exceeding 
prudent, to whom all addressed themselves for advice." 

In comparing him with Pemberton, Colman says: 
"They perform'd their Publick Exercises in the House 
of God with a great deal of Solemnity, tho' in a manner 
something different ; for Mr. Brattle was all calm and soft 
and melting, but Mr. Pemberton agreably to his natural 
Temper, was all flame, and Zeal and Earnestness." 

The Boston News-Letter says: "They that had the 
happiness to know Mr. Brattle, knew a very Religious 
Good Man, an Able Divine, a Laborious Faithfull Min- 
ister, an Excellent Scholar, a Great Benefactor, a Wise 
& Prudent Man and One of the best Friends. The 
pomoting of Religion, Learning, Vertue and Peace every 
where w th in his Reach, was his very Life and Soul ; the 
great Business about w ch he was constantly imploy'd, and 
in w ch he principally Delighted: Like his Great Lord 
and Master, he went (or Sent) about doing Good. . . . 
For a considerable time before his Death he labour'd 
under a Languishing Distemper, w ch he bore with great 
Patience & Resignation." 

During his ministry the baptisms were seven hundred 
and twenty-four, and the admissions to the church three 
hundred and sixty-four. 

He died at midnight, 15-16 February, 17 17. The 
funeral on the 20th, a day rendered memorable by the 
Great Snow,' was attended by the principal magistrates 

1 This great storm extended Letter of 25 February, 171 7, corre- 

through the country. I have already sponding to 8 March, New Style, 

mentioned the circumstances of the says: "Besides several snows we 

funeral of the Reverend Samuel had a great one on Monday the 1 8th 

Treat, H.U. 1669, at the time. In current [1 March] and on Wednes- 

some places the drifts were twenty- day, the 20th, it begun to snow about 

five feet deep. The Boston News- noon, and continued snowing till 



WILLIAM BRATTLE. 205 

and ministers of Boston and the vicinity, several of whom 
were detained by the snow at Cambridge for many days. 
He was placed in a tomb on which is this inscription: 
"Depositum j Gulielmi Brattle | nuper Ecclesiae Cantabrigi- 
ensis | N. A. Pastoris Rev d .' Senatus Collegii | Harvar- 
dini Socij Primarij | Ejusdemque Curatoris Spectatissimi | 
Et R. S. S. qui obiit XV° Febr H | Anno Domini 
MDCCXVII et iEtatis | Suae LV. Hie requiescit in spe | 
Beatae Resurrectionis. | Over this inscription and on the 
same slab is the inscription to the memory of his class- 
mate Oliver, who was a very intimate friend, and whose 
wife was Brattle's cousin. The contents of the tomb 
have been removed to Mount Auburn. 

Brattle was succeeded in the ministry by Nathaniel 
Appleton, H. U. 1712. 

Brattle bequeathed to the President and Fellows of the 
College two hundred and fifty pounds, with the proviso 
that fifteen pounds should "be Annually dispos'd of to 
One or More of y e Students at y e discretion and pleasure 
of said President & Fellows ; Unless said Student or Stu- 
dents be Nominated & Appointed by some of my Kindred 
Related to me by blood." He also made a provisional 

Friday the 22d so that the snow lies 27 February: " I came from Ipswich 
in some parts of the streets about to attend Mr. Brattle's funeral. I 
six foot high. . . . Saturday last was know not when I shall get home — 
a clear sunshine, not a cloud to be the snow is so deep. There were 
seen till towards evening. And the ten or twelve of us at Mr. Leverett's 
Lord's-Day, the 24th, a deep snow. Thursday night. We attempted to 
The extremity of the weather has go to Mr. Coolidges to lodge, but 
hindered all the three Posts from could not possibly ; so that we were 
coming in; neither can they now be obliged to encamp together. Came 
expected till the roads (now impass- here yesterday on snow-shoes." If 
able with a mighty snow upon the to each of these dates we add eleven 
ground) are beaten." March 4 [15], days to make them correspond to 
it says : " February ended with snow modern style, and consider the late- 
and March begins with it, the snow ness in the season, it will be seen 
so deep that there is no travelling." to be the most remarkable snow- 
John Denison writes from Newton, storm on record in New England. 



206 CLASS OF l68o. 

bequest of another two hundred and fifty pounds to the 
College in case his son died before he came "to the Age 
of One & twenty years." Another item is, "It is my 
desire to Consecrate & with humility I Bequeath & Pre- 
sent to the Church of Christ in Cambridge (my dearly 
Beloved Flock) for a Baptismal Basin, my great Silver 
Basin, an Inscription upon which I leave to the Prudence 
of y e Rev d President, & y e Rev d Mr. Simon Bradstreet." 
The will is printed by Harris. 

Brattle married at Boston, 3 November, 1697, Eliza- 
beth Hayman, who was admitted to the church in Cam- 
bridge 10 April, 1698, and died 28 July, 171 5, in the 
thirty-ninth year of her age. They had: 1. Thomas, 
who died in early childhood; 2. William, born 18 April, 
1706, the only descendant in the male line of his grand- 
father, Captain Thomas Brattle. Perhaps as Sewall, 25 
December, 17 16, "went to Cambridge to wish Mr. Brat- 
tle Joy," it was about this time that he married Elizabeth, 
born 9 October, 1673, who died at Medford, 22 May, 
1747, daughter of the Reverend Joseph and Ann (Wal- 
dron) Gerrish, widow of the Reverend Joseph Green, 
H. U. 1695, of Salem Village, leaving no children. The 
marriage must have taken place between the date of Brat- 
tle's will, "21 June, 17 16, in which no mention is made of 
a second wife, and his death, 15 February, 17 16-17. On 
the Salem Village Parish Records, under date of 29 June, 
1717, is a receipt for "fourteen pounds due to me on 
account of a Barn Mr. Green built and left with the Plan- 
tation. Eliz a Brattle." 



1. In 1682, at "Cambridge printed by Samuel Green," was 
issued "An Ephemeris of Caelestial Motions, Aspects, Eclipses, 
&c For the Year of the Christian ^ra 1682 ... By W. Brattle 
Philomath." It consists of seven leaves unpaged, succeeded by 
five leaves paged, containing "An Explanation of the Preceding 



WILLIAM BRATTLE. 



207 



Ephemeris, fitted to the Meridian of their Partes whose Poles arc 
least Elevated, Longitude little or none," and on the last page, in 
manuscript, is, "The last half Sheet was Printed with my Letters, 
at Boston. S. S." 

2. His " Compendium Logics secundum Principia D. Renati 
Cartesii Plerumque Efformatum et Catechistice Propositum" was a 
text-book in Harvard College till 1765. The editions of 1735 and 
1738, and probably others, were published anonymously. 

3. Jeremiah Dummer, H. U. 1699, while agent in England, in 
reply to an application from Henry Flynt, H. U. 1693, to procure 
some sermons, writes, 5 May, 1 7 1 1 : "I think the modern sermons, 
which are preached and printed here, are very lean and dry, having 
but little divinity in the matter, or brightness in the style ; I am 
sure they are no way comparable to the solid discourses which Mr. 
Brattle gives you every week." 

4. Notes of several of his sermons, preached about the time of 
the date of Dummer's letter, are contained in a manuscript volume 
by John Leverett, which belongs to the Library of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. 



Authorities. — B. Colmnn, Ser- 
mon after the Funeral of W. Brattle 
and E. Pemberton. J. Eliot, Bio- 
graphical Dictionary, 85. S. A. Eliot, 
Sketch of the History of Harvard 
University, 29, 16S. J. B. Felt, His- 
tory of Ipswich, Essex, and Hamil- 
ton, 339. S. A. Green, Account of 
Percival and Ellen Green, and of 
some of their Descendants, 13; and 
New England Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register, xv. 106. E. D. 
Harris, Account of some of the De- 
scendants of Capt. Thomas Brat- 
tle, 5, 13, 17, 25. W. T. Harris, 
Epitaphs from the Old Burying- 
Ground in Cambridge, 33, 51. A. 
Holmes 1 , Annals of America, i. 518; 
and History cf Cambridge, vii. 32, 38, 
55. J. Leverett. Manuscript Diary, 
118 et ante, 130. Massachusetts 



Historical Society, Collections, vi. 
79 ; vii. 32, 38, 55 ; x. 168; and Pro- 
ceedings, vi. 341. I. Mather, Preface 
to J. Sewall's Sermon on E. Pember- 
ton, iii. W. Newell, Farewell Sermon 
in the Old Church, 17. iS. B. Peirce, 
History of Harvard University, 87- 
92, 112. J. Ouincy, History of Har- 
vard University. A. H. Quint, in 
Congregational Quarterly, i. 233. J. 
Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, i. 
239. S. Sewall, Manuscript Diary ; 
and in Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety's Collections, xlv., xlvi., xlvii. ; 
and in American Quarterly Register, 
xi. 174, 180; xiv. 259. W. B. 
Sprague, Annals of the American 
Pulpit, i. 236. C. W. Upham, Salem 
Witchcraft and Cotton Mather, 85, 
etc. T. B. Wyman, Genealogies and 
Estates of Charlestown, i. 120. 



208 CLASS OF l68o. 

PERCIVAL GREEN. 

Born 1660, died 1684, aged 24. 

Percival Green, M. A., of Cambridge, born 29 March, 
and baptized 1 April, 1660, was son of John and Ruth 
(Mitchelson) Green, of Cambridge. In 1672, while a 
boy, he was led into mischief, as mentioned in these 
Biographical Sketches, ii. 416. 

At a meeting of the Corporation of Harvard College, 
6. 1. 77-8, it was ordered, "That Percivall Green shall 
have three pounds of Mr. Webbs [gift] for y e year fol- 
lowing." The subject of his part at Commencement 
has been mentioned in the note on page 179, taken from 
a manuscript of Leverett. He preached as early as 4 
March, 1682; and 3 December, 1682, " M r Parcivalle 
Green (S r B. A.) preached his first time in Cambridge." 
In 1683, June 20, Mr. Green "hath given some incor- 
ridgmt to be helpful" at Stow, "on y e Lords Days as 
his ocations p r mitt." In 1683 he succeeded John Buss, 
at Wells, Maine, on an annual salary of fifty pounds in 
lumber and provisions, and the use of the parsonage. It 
is said that he also taught school. His ministry in Wells 
must have been short, as in the old Burying-Ground in 
Cambridge is a stone with this inscription : — 

" Qualis Vita, Finis ita. 

Here lyes inhumd y e 

body of Percivall 
Green who dyed July 

10 th Anno iEtatis 25 
Annoq. Christi 1684." 

The statement, made inferentially in Bourne's History, 
that he did not remain at Wells during the Indian troubles, 



PERCIVAL GREEN. 



209 



on account of his want of courage, is unfounded, as he 
died five years before they began, in 1689. 



Authorities. — E. E. Bourne, 
History of Wells and Kennebunk, 
168. G. F. Clark, Letter, 1863, De- 
cember 8. S. A. Green, Account of 
Percival and Ellen Green, and of 
some of their Descendants, 9. J. 
Greenleaf, Sketches of the Ecclesi- 
astical History of Maine, 20. W. T. 
Harris, Epitaphs from the Old Bury- 
insr-Ground in Cambridge, 12. Har- 



vard College Corporation Records, 
i. 55; iii. 69. Maine Historical So- 
ciety, Collections, i. 264. J. Newell, 
Century Sermon at Stow, 16. W. 
Newell, Church Gathering 60. New 
England Historical and Genealogical 
Register, xv. 105. N. Russell, in the 
Historical and Genealogical Register, 
vii. 55, 58. J. Savage, Genealogical 
Dictionary, ii. 304. 



VOL. III. 



H 



[January 8, 1884-] 



CLASS OF 1 68 I. 

Samuel Mitchel, James Pierpont, 

John Cotton, John Davie, 

John Hastings, Samuel Russell, 

Noadiah Russell, William Denison : 

Joseph Eliot. 



QUESTION ES 

PRO MODULO DISCUTIENDiE 

Sub Reverendo 
JOHANNE ROGERSIO 

Collegii Harvardini Cantabrigice 
Nov-Anglorum PRyESIDE 1 

PER ICEPTORES IN ARTIBUS 
CALEND: QUINTILIS M DCLXXXI I II. 

AN Vila Actio sit Absolute indiffe- 
rens ? 
Negat Respondens Samuel Mitchellus. 

An Gratia sit universalis ? 

Negat Respondens Johannes Cottonus. 

An Creatio et conservatio realiter diffe- 
runt? 

Negat Respondens Johannes Hastings. 

1 On this Order of Exercises, be- dus Collati sunt p r Rev li Gulielm 
tween this line and the next, Judge Hubbard." 
Sewall, H.U. 1671, has written, "Gra- 



SAMUEL MITCHEL. 211 

An Anima generator ? 

Negat Respondens Noadiah Russellus. 

An Creatio mundi sit rationibus philo- 
sophicis demonstrabilis ? 

Affirmat Respondens Jacobus Pierpontus. 

An notitia Dei sit homini naturalis ? 

Affirmat Respondens Samuel Russellus. 

An decretom Dei sit ipse Deus ? 

Affirmat Respondens Gulielmus Denisonus. 

An Lex humana ligat conscientiam ? 

Affirmat Respondens Josephus Eliotus. 

His accedit Oratio valedictoria. 



SAMUEL MITCHEL. 

Born 1660, probably died before 1691. 

Samuel Mitchel, M. A., Tutor or Resident Fellow, 
son of the Reverend Jonathan Mitchel, of Cambridge, 
H. U. 1647, was born 14 and baptized 21 October, 1660. 

At a meeting of the Corporation of the College, 1 
March, 1677-8, it was ordered 1 that "Samuel Mitchell 
shall have 6 pounds of the scholarships that remaine 
vacant." July 12, 1681, "Agreed that he be continued 
scholar of the house." March 27, 1682, "Ordered that 
what remayne due from Mr. Richard Russell before his 
decease for scholarships, supposed to be about ten pound, 
be disposed of to S r Mitchell." December 5, 1683, "S r 
Mitchell" was chosen one of "the scholars of the house 



212 CLASS OF 1 68 I. 

for the year ensuing," and 14 December, again, "for y e 
next year." October 30, 1684, he was chosen "Proba- 
tioner & desired to undertake y e charge of y e class of y e 
Sophimores until further order." April 12, 1686, he was 
allowed ten pounds out of Mr. Dodderedges gift. 

He probably died, unmarried, before 1691, as no pro- 
vision was made for him or his representatives in the 
settlement of his mother's estate in that year. 

Authorities. — American Quar- ell, Church Gathering, 52. L. R. 

terly Register, viii. 143. Harvard Paige, History of Cambridge, 610. 

Corporation College Records, i. 55, J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, 

56, 63, 67, 70 ; iii. 69, 83. W. New- ill. 220. 



JOHN COTTON. 

Born 1 66 1, died 1705-6, aged 44. 



Rev. John Cotton, M. A., of Yarmouth, son of the 
Reverend John Cotton, of Plymouth, H. U. 1657, was 
born 3 August, 1661. He is probably the person of 
whom his father wrote from Plymouth, 24 November, 
1676, to Increase Mather: — 

" My Dearest, being sagacious, did immediately coniec- 
ture something was amisse, which necessitated discovery, 
the fruit of which was, & is, much greife & bitternesse 
of heart ; after some houres of secret lamentation, God 
brought to her that 1: Tim: 1: 15; with some power, 
which sustaines her heart in hopes, that even that gra- 
tious word may finde accomplishment on this subject. 
Amen, Amen. Once a weeke, at least, be entreated to 
send for him & converse with him ; Who knowes but 
God may make you his father ? 

"I would intreat earnestly of you, that you would write 



JOHN COTTON. 21 3 

a cordiall letter to my afflicted wife, to quiet her heart & 
strengthen her faith in God ; that one soe deare to her 
may be saved from sin & be accepted unto mercy. Our 
soules are troubled for him. Wee heartily wish his has- 
tening out of the schoole, that he might be under your 
roofe & eye, etc. I durst not be soe bold as to urge for 
it this winter, but I hope, in the Spring it may be attaine- 
able, & that your sophisters may be good Tutors to him, 
you being President. I hope you are not supplyed with 
a Barrell of Beefe, & therefore doe put aboard for you 
out of my owne store a Barrell of choice Beefe, which 
may be with you the next faire winde. I now set noe 
price upon it, neither doe I desire you to pay me any 
mony for it. I hope my child may ere long bring me 
much more into your debt, & I shall make conscience, 
God helping, to send to the full for your satisfaction, in 
Butter, & other necessaries for a family; & I hope about 
this time twelve-moneth to save you much trouble in 
laying in your winter-provisions, & halfe in halfe of the 
prizes you now pay upon those accounts." 

For about six years Cotton was preacher at Exeter, 
New Hampshire. It was at the time that the arbitrary 
Governor Cranfield was in office. The constable, and 
afterward the marshal, told him the people refused to pay 
their taxes on account of their illegality. There was great 
excitement, and threats of violence from women as well 
as men. "Some half-score of the sturdy yeomen of 
Hampton, on horseback and armed with clubs, then 
made their appearance on the scene in order to ensure 
that the marshal and his deputy should receive all due 
attention. And to cap the climax, the Rev. John Cotton, 
at that time probably officiating as the clergyman of Exe- 
ter, joined the company 'with a club in his hand.' " 

While at Exeter, Cotton married Sarah, daughter of 
Richard and Sarah (daughter of Governor Bradstreet) 



214 CLASS OF l68l. 

Hubbard, of Ipswich, on which occasion his father gave 
him half of a farm at Muddy River, now Brookline, or 
Longwood, Massachusetts. " By reason of the Indian 
War, &c. he removed" to his "fathers at Plymouth 
where he sojourned sometime with his family ; and 
preached" several months, in 1690-91, to the Upper 
Church, or Second Society, in Scituate. In 1691 he 
went to Yarmouth, Massachusetts, to assist Thomas 
Thornton. March 14, 1693, the town voted to give 
him, for his yearly maintenance and encouragement to 
settle among us in the work of the ministry, £56, and 
October 1, "<£6o and the new town-house," — meaning 
parsonage, — "barn, lands," etc., "provided he do spend 
his natural life here." Some time in this year Thornton 
moved to Boston, and Cotton was ordained, he preaching 
his own ordination sermon. In 1696 it was "agreed 
with Mr. C. that his Indian, Saxuant, should . . . look 
after the meeting house," for which one pound was to be 
paid to him or Mr. Cotton. It was also "agreed that 
each townsman shall give and haul the minister a load of 
wood." In 1697 it was ordered that "the Quakers be 
rated for the support of the ministry, but that the tax be 
made so much larger — that Mr. Cotton may have his 
full salary"; it being probably intended not to use what 
was assessed on the Quakers. In 169-8 ten pounds were 
added to his salary. In 1702 he "accepted of £40 in 
money, of the product of the whale fishes that came to 
this town the last year, the town to have the balance." 

In June, 1704, John Barnard, H. U. 1700, was sent 
for by the church in Yarmouth, and spent two months 
assisting Cotton, "who was taken off from public service 
by a paralytic disorder." April 26, 1705, "being under 
weakness of body & mind he resigned" his pastoral office. 
The people "fetched" Barnard "again to them in July, 
1705," and he "preached to them some time," but left 



JOHN COTTON. 215 

in September. Cotton died at Yarmouth, 21 February, 
1706. The funeral charges were paid by the town. 

The Reverend Nathaniel Stone, H. U. 1690, "a grave 
gentleman, attending a funeral at Yarmouth, being in the 
burial place some years after the death of Mr. Cotton, 
inquired where his grave was, but there not being any one 
that could show him, he replied, C I think it is with Mr. 
Cotton as it was with Moses that distinguished servant of 
God ; no man knoweth of his sepulchre to this day.' " 
Rawson adds, in the second edition of Dr. Gay's Sermon 
at his ordination, that he "was the only one of the first 
seven ministers whose dust was committed to the dust in 
Yarmouth. Whatever they suffered, the worm did not 
feed on them there." 

His brother, Josiah Cotton, H. U. 1698, states that 
"he was of a loving liberal nature, but of a quick spirit 
so that his haste too often veiled his prudence. He en- 
deavoured to fullfill his Ministry according to his capacity 
and did service therein. Making due allowance for natu- 
ral humour and humane infirmities, we have reason to 
think that death to him was a joyful exchange. His wife 
died, June 17, 1706, at y e same place [Yarmouth] having 
given birth to a son June 15. She was a handsome witty 
woman but of a weakly constitution." They had one or 
two sons who died in infancy. Seven daughters were at 
home when their parents died. Cotton was succeeded in 
the ministry by Daniel Greenleaf, H. U. 1699. In 1708, 
September 25, a division was made of the parsonage land 
and meadow owned conjointly by his heirs and the town. 

Authorities. — T. Alden, Collec- F. Freeman, History of Cape Cod, 

tion of American Epitaphs, iii. 236. ii. 199-208, 219. Massachusetts 

American Quarterly Register, xv. 61, Historical Society, Collections, v. 

70. J. Cotton, Manuscript Diary, 60; xiv. 236 ; xxv. 188, 189; xxxviii. 

copied by W. G. Brooks, 16, 28-30. 229. New England Historical and 

S. Deane, History of Scituate, 195. Genealogical Register, i. 165; viii. 

Exeter News-Letter, 1871, May 19. 323. J. Savage, Geneal. Diet., i. 463. 



2l6 CLASS OF l68l. 

JOHN HASTINGS. 

Born 1660, probably died before 1705. 

John Hastings, M. A., born 2 and baptized 9 De- 
cember, 1660, was oldest son of Walter Hastings, of 
Cambridge, by his wife, Sarah Meane, daughter of John 
Meane, or Meen, or Means. He was a physician in 
Barbadoes, and probably died before 1705, as he was not 
named in his father's will of that date, and is starred in 
the Triennial Catalogue of 1700. 

Authorities. — N. Gilman, In- bridge, 35. W. Newell, Church 

terleaved Harvard Triennial Cata- Gathering, 60. L. R. Paige, History 

logue. W. T. Harris, Epitaphs from of Cambridge, 575. J. Savage, Gen- 

the Old Burying-Ground in Cam- ealogical Dictionary, ii. 374 ; iii. 192. 



NOADIAH RUSSELL. 

Born 1659, died 171 3, aged 53. 

Rev. Noadiah Russell, M. A., of Middletown, Con- 
necticut, born 22 and baptized 24 (not 25) July, 1659, 
"and left an orphan, with an elder sister, when about 
a year old," was son of William Russell, of New Haven, 
who died in 1664 or 1665, and Sarah, sister of John 
Davis, H. U. 1651. His father designated by will the 
person to be his guardian, and requested "that his son 
be devoted to God in the way of learning, being likely to 
prove a useful instrument in the good work of the min- 
istry." 

October 16, 1677, just after he entered college, the 
General Court of Connecticut, "upon the motion of those 
betrusted in the management of the estate of Noadiah 



N0AD1AH RUSSELL. 217 

Russell, that was left him by his grand father and father, 
they haueing expended considerable of his estate in bring- 
ing of him up in learning, and he being now at the Col- 
ledg and not in a capacity to proceed in learning without 
his houseing and land in New Haven be sold for his 
mayntenance, . . . doe judg that it will be more advanta- 
gious for the s d Noadiah that his house and land be sold, 
and the pay receiued be improued for the bringing of him 
up in Colledg learning, than to leaue his learning and in- 
joy his house and land, he being likely to proue a usefull 
instrument in the work of God ; and therefore doe . . . 
giue the executors . . . full power to make sale of his 
house and lands for the ends afoarsayd." 

May 13, 1678, ''This Court grants the Widow Osborn 
liberty to transport to Boston thirty two hides annually 
for three years next following, prouided the hides be diss- 
posed for the payment of a purchass she hath made of a 
house and land which did belong to Noadiah Russell, the 
money being for his maintenance at colledge." 

Another authority states that Russell, "by the great 
care of Mrs. Ellen Glover, his distinguished friend and 
patroness, was educated at Harvard College." 

March 6, 1677-8, he "was chosen schollar of y e house, 
for y e yeare following," and, "being of y e Colonie of Nox 
or New Haven," received by vote of the Corporation, 
3 July, 1679, seven pounds from the Pennoyer fund, 
but according to the Treasurer's statement eight pounds 
fifteen shillings ; though it appears he did not get it till 
1693. October 8, 1679, "Russell Senf was chosen Butler 
of the Colledge." July 12, 1681, "Agreed that he be 
continued scholar of the house." 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ter, vii. $2, contains a portion of a Diary, kept by him 
from 23 March, 1681-2, to 21 March, 1684. In this he 
alludes to " Mr. Henry Glover," his "faithful guardian." 



2l8 CLASS OF l68l. 

In the sixth, seventh, and eighth months of 1682, he was 
employed in "picking out" and making a catalogue of 
"y e double books" in the College Library. He writes 
"18. 3. [18 May, 1683.] I received a letter from Maj. 
Talcot of Hartford in behalf of Matatuck [Waterbury] 
to invite me to be their minister which I answered nega- 
tively." "30 th 8 th [30 October, 1683] I went to Ips- 
wich to see how I liked y e place when & where y e Feofees 
solemnly envited to and established me in y e work of a 
schoolmaster." " 10 th 9 th I came to Ipswich to Mr. Hub- 
bards," H. U. 1642, "in order to teaching school which 
I began 12 th 9 th ." "12 th 11 th I went to Cambridge to 
carry my Almanack to y e Press. 26. 11. My Almanack 
was printed." "1684 12. 1. I let y e house belonging to 
y e school to Jonas Gregory for this year for 4 pounds 
pr. An:" 

As teacher of the grammar school in Ipswich he was 
the successor of Thomas Andrews, who died 10 July, 
1683. He continued to teach it till 26 February, 1686-7, 
when he resigned, "having a call to go to Charlestown 
and south." Many invitations were extended to him to 
settle in the ministry. At the end of his "try all" 
period in Middletown, Connecticut, he had a unanimous 
vote. In addition to the stipulated salary, the society 
promised to provide a house for his use, and subse- 
quently made him a donation of land. To meet his sal- 
ary, the town vote "gives him one hundred pounds clean, 
current county pay yearly, and it warns the inhabitants, 
when they shall think it is the most convenient season, 
to bring to him his supply of wood, and it is expected 
that every one that hath a team shall bring one load, and 
such as have no team shall assist by cutting, so that as 
much as possible can be done in one day; but there shall 
be no compulsion heaped upon any one." 

In October, 1687, the General Court granted to him 



NOADIAH RUSSELL. 2I9 

and several other persons two hundred acres of land 
apiece. 

He was ordained at Middletown, i\ October, 1688, 
nearly four years after the death, 28 December, 1684, of 
his predecessor, Nathaniel Collins, H. U. 1660, at "a 
time of greater depression, and greater peril in church 
and state than any time in the history of New England." 

Russell's "childhood and early youth had been passed 
under the ministry of Davenport and Street, in New 
Haven. ...How well he performed his work, how ef- 
fectually he molded the character, and formed the habits 
of the people, and how much he had of their grateful 
affection, may be inferred from the fact that when he 
died, in the fifty-fifth year of his age, and twenty-ninth 
of his pastorate, his son became in a few months his suc- 
cessor, and labored there for almost fifty years, — the entire 
period from the ordination of the father to the funeral of 
the son being more than three quarters of a century." 

Russell was one of the founders and Trustees of Yale 
College, and one of the framers of the Saybrook Platform, 
and of course held high rank among his brethren. 

Franklin Bowditch Dexter writes, 9 January, 1875: 
"President Stiles records in his Diary (Sept., 1780) meet- 
ing a man 'who remembers old Rev. Noadiah Russell . . . 
& says he was a little man in stature, pious & holy, vis- 
ited all his flock round twice a year, giving good & holy 
counsel.' " 

Of several memorials of him in the quaint style of the 
day, the following is a specimen : — 

"His virtue rare, in this our cloudy night, 
As stars in azure sky, they shined most bright 
His speech was sweet, and aspect well might win, 
But greater, richer beauty lay within. 
His head with learning, prudence, holy art ; 
Firm faith and love, humility his heart, 
Peaceful and meek, but yet with courage stout, 
Engaged the fiend and did him sorely rout." 



220 CLASS OF l68l. 

He "fell asleep Dec r 3d, 17 13." A doleful if not 
poetical dirge on his death may be found in the Middle- 
town newspaper of 7 February, 1854. 

In Brinley's Catalogue, page 272, is this title: "[Verses] 
On the much Lamented Death of the Reverend Mr. Npa- 
diah Russel, Late Pastor of the Church of Christ in 
Middletown, who had his Clayey Tabernacle Dissolved 
and his Mortality Swallowed up of Life, December 3d, 
17 13. ^Etatis Suae, 55. Folio, n. p., n. d. [New London, 
1 7 14.] The longest poem, occupying two of these col- 
umns, is signed N. C, probably for the Reverend Na- 
thaniel Collins, of Enfield, H. U. 1697." 

He married, 20 February, 1690, Mary, daughter of 
Giles Hamlin, and had William, born 30 November, 
1690; Noadiah, 8 August, 1692; Giles, 8 November, 
1693, died 13 January, 1712; Mary, 30 December, 1694, 
died 27 February, 1723; John, 6 July, 1697; Esther, 
14 August, 1699, died (no date in the record) ; Daniel, 
3 June, 1702; Mehitabel, 27 May, 1704; Hannah, 23 
February, 1706. William and Daniel were ministers, 
graduates of Yale College in 1709 and 1724, the former 
succeeding his father at Middletown. 



MDCLXXXIIII. I I Cambridge Ephemeris. | An ] Al- 
manack I of I Coelestial Motions, Configurations &c. | For the 
year of the Christian iEra, | 1684 | . . . By N. Russel Astrotyr. | 
. . . Cambridge. Printed by Samuel Green. 1684. It consists 
of eight leaves. The last page is '■'■Concerning Lightning and Thun- 
der with some Observations and Cautions touching the same." The 
last page but one is occupied by a very rude wood-cut, apparently 
representing David, or some one else, playing on a harp. 

"Lightning is an exhalation hot and dry, as also hot and moist ; 
which being elevated by the sun to the middle region of the air, is 
there included or shut up within a cloud and cannot ascend ; but 
by an antiperistasis grows hotter and is enkindled, attenuated, and 
so seeks for more room, which it not finding in the cloud, violently 



NOADIAH RUSSELL. 221 

rends the same, breaks out of it and continues burning so long that 
it comes to the very ground. By its rending of the cloud there is 
caused a most dreadful noise or rumbling, and this we call thunder. 
So that thunder is improperly reckoned among the kind or species 
of meteors. 

"Of lightning, (fulmen) there are three sorts, viz: piercing (Te- 
rebrans), dashing in pieces, and burning (urens). Piercing light- 
ning (which is also called white lightning) does consist of a most 
subtile and thin exhalation and is very penetrating. 

" Observ. By reason of its subtile nature, many strange effects 
are produced thereby ; a sword blade will be melted in its scabbard, 
and the scabbard not hurt at all : the pores in the scabbard are so 
great, that this lightning passeth through them, without any hurt, 
but coming to a more solid body (as the sword blade is) it meets 
with opposition there, and so through its heat melts it. 

" The second sort of lightning is such as consists of a more fat 
and thick exhalation, which meeting with things, burnes not to 
ashes, but blasts and scorcheth them. 

" Observ. With this lightning, there happens to .be (yet sel- 
dome) a stone, that is called a thunderbolt, which braketh forth 
with the exhalation (as a bullet out of a gun) and breaks into pieces 
whatever it meets. When it strikes the ground, it is reported to 
go not above five foot deep. 

u The third sort of lightning is fulmen urens (burning lightning) 
and is more fiery than flamy ; of a more grosse and earthy sub- 
stance than the preceding sorts. 

" Observ. If lightning kills one in his sleep, he dyes with his 
eyes opened. The reason is because it just wakes him and kills 
him before he can shut his eyes again. If it kills one waking, his 
eyes will be found to be shut, because it so amaseth him, that he 
winketh and dyes before he can open his eyes again. 

" Caution. It is not good to stand looking on the lightning for 
any time, for, if it hurts no other way, yet it may dry up or so 
waste the chrystalline humor of the eyes that it may cause the sight 
to perish, or it may swell the face, making it to break out with 
scabs, caused by a kind of poyson in the exhalation which the pores 
of the face and eyes do admit." 

At the bottom of the page assigned to July is the following : 
"The President died July 2d, just as y e sun gets from being 
eclipsed." This refers to the death of President Rogers, who gave 



222 



CLASS OF 



681, 



the book to Judge Sewall, as the blank page prefacing the title tes- 
tifies, in the following words: "For my honored friend, Mr. Sam- 
uel Sewall"; and in Mr. SewalPs own hand, "Ex dono Praesd' 
Reverendi, Qui Obij't, July 2d; Sepultus est, July 3d, 1684." 

B. 
The editor of Russell's Diary calls Russell a Tutor. The char- 
acter of the Diary seems to imply that he held this or some other 
office in the College, although I find no mention of it in the meagre 
College records. 



Authorities. — G. Brinley, Let- 
ter, 1864, December 8 ; and Cata- 
logue, 91, 272. T. Clap, Annals of 
Yale College, 3, 6, 7, 9. Congrega- 
tional Quarterly, xii. 540. Con- 
necticut Public Records (ed. J. H. 
Trumbull), ii. 323 ; iii. 9, 245. Con- 
tributions to the Ecclesiastical His- 
tory of Connecticut, 7, 10, 423. T. 
Day, Historical Discourse, 32. F. 
B. Dexter, Letter, 1875, January 9. 
J. B. Felt, History of Ipswich, Essex, 



and Hamilton, 86. D. D. Field, Cen- 
tennial Address, 55, 166, 167 ; and 
Statistical Account of Middlesex 
County, 44. Harvard College Cor- 
poration Records, i. 55, 56, 65 ; iii. 
69, 70. J. L. Kingsley, Historical 
Discourse, 92. New England His- 
torical and Genealogical Register, vi. 
69; vii. 53-59, 345 ; ix. 362 ; xv. 167. 
J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, 
iii. 593. B. Trumbull, Complete His- 
tory of Connecticut, i. 492 ; ii. 527. 



JAMES PIERPONT. 

Born 1660, died 17 14, aged 54. 

Rev. James Pierpont, M. A., of New Haven, born 
4 and baptized 8 January, 1659-60, was son of John and 
Thankful (Stow) Pierpont, of Roxbury, Massachusetts. 

When Joshua Moodey, of Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, H. U. 1653, declined an invitation of the committee 
sent to him by the church of New Haven to become their 
minister, the messengers from New Haven, by the advice 
of several of the Boston ministers and of others, made ap- 
plication to Pierpont, and engaged him to come and begin 
to preach on the first Sunday in August, 1684, as a can- 



JAMES PIERPONT. 223 

didate for settlement. The messengers, on their return, 
made to the town a statement of what they had done, and 
said "the report they had of him was, that he was a godly 
man, a good scholar, a man of good parts, and likely to 
make a good instrument : — also that they had agreed 
with him to send a man to come up with him, and a 
horse for him to ride upon." In the month of August 
he made his appearance. At a town meeting in Septem- 
ber, the church, being well satisfied, desired "that the 
town would concur with them in encouraging him, and 
that there might be a maintenance provided, he being at 
Mrs. Davenport's, to his content." There had been 
much theological controversy and contention at New 
Haven for several years, and it was a great recommen- 
dation of Pierpont, that he was a "man of peace and" 
desired "peace in Church and town, and would rejoice 
to hear of it, and that there may be no after-troubles." 
The Church "agreed to keep a day of fasting and prayer 
in the public congregation . . . and hoped the town would 
willingly join with them." The town appointed a com- 
mittee to congratulate and give " Pierpont thanks for 
coming" to them, and to "desire his going on in" 
preaching, "that the Church and himself may have such 
experience and trial of each other" as "to proceed in 
convenient time to settle." 

January 6, 1684-5, lt was a g re ed that a home lot and 
house, and other lands, should be provided for him ; the 
means of building the house to be obtained by voluntary 
contributions. The necessary amount was pledged in 
money, materials, and labor, without difficulty or delay. 
The plan of the house was ready on the 30th of January, 
and was ordered to be submitted to him for his approba- 
tion. The lot was bought, and the building, which was 
immediately commenced, was one of the most commodi- 
ous and stately dwellings in the town. "As the people 



224 CLASS OF l68l. 

were bringing in their free-will offerings of one kind and 
another, to complete and furnish the building, one man 
desiring to do something for the object, and having noth- 
ing else to offer, brought on his shoulder from the farms 
two little elm saplings, and planted them before the door 
of the minister's house. Under their shade, some forty 
years after, Jonathan Edwards — then soon to take rank, 
in the intellectual world, with Locke and Leibnitz — 
spoke words of mingled love and piety in the ear of Sarah 
Pierpont. Under their shade, when some sixty summers 
had passed over them, Whitefield stood on a platform, 
and lifted up that voice the tones of which lingered so 
long in thousands of hearts." 

Pierpont was ordained, 2 July, 1685, after he had been 
with the people about eleven months as a candidate. 
The great number of baptisms which followed very rap- 
idly after his ordination makes it probable that at that 
time the "half-way covenant" was introduced into the 
New Haven church. One of the first persons admitted 
to full communion was the regicide John Dixwell, under 
the assumed name of James Davids. Mr. Jones "rec- 
ognized him as one of King Charles' judges, whom, in 
his youth, he had often seen in London and Westmin- 
ster ; but with him, of whose fidelity Whalley and Goffe 
had made so full an experiment, the secret was safe." 
The feeling in favor of the regicides was strong. 

The number of attendants on public worship soon be- 
came so great that some empty places in the meeting- 
house were filled with seats, and, that being found insuf- 
ficient, the galleries were brought forward so as to allow 
an additional seat in front of each. In twelve years the 
house itself was enlarged. 

When Pierpont was ordained it was customary for the 
town from year to year to grant a tax of one, two, or 
three pence in the pound for the support of a minister. 



JAMES PIERPONT. 225 

In 1697 a regular salary was proposed, and " after a long 
debate the town" agreed to supply him with firewood, 
and to pay him annually, while he should continue to 
preach, "the sum of £120 in grain and flesh" at fixed 
prices, — "winter wheat at $s the bushel; rye 3J 6d ; 
corn is 6d; peas 3J 6d ; pork 3 1-4^ the pound, and beef 
^d." The vote was communicated to him, and he ac- 
cepted it "until the providence of God should bring his 
family into such circumstances as that the salary would 
not support him in laboring at the altar." " I accept it," 
he said, "the more willingly, because I understand the 
offering is made with a general cheerfulness, wherein God 
himself is well pleased, provided that due care be taken 
that this offering be brought into the house of God with- 
out lameness or reflections on the ministry in the respect- 
ive years." 

Leonard Bacon, whom I have cited freely, says : " In no 
respect did the ministry of Mr. Pierpont disappoint the 
expectations which had been formed concerning him in his 
youth. Under his pastoral care the people were at peace 
among themselves. As his prudence and amiableness, 
when he first came among them, were the means of bring- 
ing them together after long continued and painful divis- 
ions, they could not but regard him as a benefactor; and 
through all his ministry, they gave him their full confi- 
dence and hearty veneration." " He was greatly respected 
in the colony, and was among the foremost of the minis- 
ters in every undertaking for the common welfare of the 
churches." "In the pulpit he was distinguished among 
his contemporaries. His personal appearance was quite 
prepossessing. He was eminent in the gift of prayer. 
His doctrine was sound and discriminating; and his style 
was clear, lively and impressive, without anything of the 
affected quaintness which characterized some of the more 
eminent men of that day." 

VOL. III. ] C ( February 6, 1884. ] 



226 CLASS OF l68l. 

It was from consultations with his two next neighbors 
in the ministry, Samuel Andrew, of Milford, H. U. 1675, 
and Samuel Russell, of Branford, H. U. 1681, "that the 
movement came which resulted in the founding of a col- 
lege under the humble name of a collegiate school." His 
activity as one of the original Trustees "is evident not 
only from the early records of the institution, but also 
from letters written to him" by Jeremiah Dummer, H. U. 
1699, "the agent for the colony in London, whose good 
offices he had secured in aid of that favorite undertaking. 
His influence seems to have been employed in directing 
towards the college the regards of that benefactor, whose 
name it has made immortal." 

"When he came to the commencement at Saybrook, in 
1708, making his slow journey through the woods that 
had as yet receded from the shore only at distant inter- 
vals, and discussing the affairs of the colony, the college, 
and the churches, with his friend and classmate Samuel 
Russell, as they rode side by side from Branford to the 
river, he was less than fifty years old, but he had been 
more than twenty-three years in the pastoral office. He 
died six years afterwards, . . . when the college of which he 
was a principal founder had not yet found its permanent 
abode, and when the system of church government which 
he helped to frame had not yet begun to show what it 
could do. But his usefulness has survived him in his de- 
scendants to this day. His beautiful and gifted daughter, 
Sarah, a great-granddaughter of Thomas Hooker, was 
like a ministering angel to her husband [President Ed- 
wards], that wonderful preacher and theologian, whose 
name is to-day the most illustrious in the church history 
of New England, but who could never have fulfilled his 
destiny without her. A grandson of his [the younger 
President Edwards] enriched our New England theology 
with his unanswerable exposition and defence of the di- 



JAMES PIERPONT. 227 

vine fact of the atonement for the sins of men. A great- 
grandson of his [Timothy Dwight] presided over the 
college for more than twenty years with eminent success 
and wide renown, and left to all the evangelical churches 
that read or worship in our English language the only 
System of Theology that ever has become in two hemi- 
spheres a popular classic. Nor is this all. The humble 
collegiate school, which in 1708 was sending out a class of 
three graduates, and which, when James Pierpont died, 
had not dared to call itself a college," as Bacon wrote in 
1859, "has grown into a university with five distinct fac- 
ulties of instruction, with almost six hundred students, 
and with more than three thousand living alumni; and 
its beloved and honored president," Theodore Dwight 
Woolsey, "with those various gifts of genius, of learning 
and of grace, which so adorn the office made illustrious by 
his predecessors, is a great-great-grandson of the same 
James Pierpont." 

In October, 1705, Pierpont was one of a committee to 
consider the complaints of England against the Colony, 
and to furnish the agent there with directions and answers. 

Of the synod at Saybrook, in 1708, he was a leading 
member. The "Articles for the administration of Church 
Discipline," which were adopted as the result of the synod, 
and which constitute the famous "Saybrook Platform," 
are said to have been drawn up by him. 

It is also stated that he read lectures to the students in 
Yale College, as Professor of Moral Philosophy. This 
is possible, though it may have been while it was a colle- 
giate school, for the College was not removed from Say- 
brook till after his death. A son of his, bearing his name, 
was Tutor in the College from 1722 to 1724. 

The Boston News-Letter, No. 556, December 6-13, 
17 14, states that he died 22 November, 1714, "having 
served his Generation not only as a minister, but also 



228 CLASS OF l68l. 

been a great blessing as a physician ; and of singular use 
as there was occasion, to the government by his wise and 
wholesome counsel." 

Judge Sewall speaks of his death at New Haven as "a 
very great Blow to that Colony and to all New England." 

Cotton Mather speaks of him as "snatched away from 
the Golden Candlestick of New-haven, a Burning & Shining 
Light, whereof the whole Colony of Connecticut for many 
Years Enjoy'd the comfortable Influences. The most 
Valuable Mr. James Pierpont, (of whom I may use the 
Terms which Paterculus used of One that was in true Good- 
ness inferiour to him, Vir in tantum Laudandus, in quantum 
Virtus ipsa intelligi Potest :) — has left us a few Weeks ago ; 
but left with us a most fragrant and lasting Memory of 
a very Meritorious Character. How memorable for his 
rare Discretion ; his bright Holiness ; the Spirit of his Min- 
istry, and Savour of his Publick Oblations ; his Extensive 
Genius which inclined him and enabled him, to Do Good 
unto Many, the various Instances wherein our Glorious 
Lord made him a Blessing to his Church, his Neighbour- 
hood, his Colony ! New-haven becomes an Hadadrimmon, 
upon his Expiration. Every Heart there is in his Tomb, 
every Tongue his Epitaph ! " 

"At the house where some of his descendants live, on 
his old homestead in New Haven, his countenance — 
slightly faded, with a look of sadness yet expressive of 
whatever quality can win affection, gentle and scholarly yet 
full of manly beauty, with the high thoughtful forehead, 
the delicately chiselled features, and the dark, keen eye — 
still looks upon us from the canvas. And well do the rich 
masses of hair falling upon his shoulders, the neat white 
bands, and the scholar's gown with its loose folds, set off 
the serious beauty of that countenance." Another state- 
ment is, that "there are fine portraits of" him and his 
wife "both to be seen still at New Haven, which were 



JAMES PIERPONT. 229 

painted in Boston, in 171 1, by a superior English artist 
temporarily sojourning there." . In Hollister's History 
of Connecticut he is described as having been "a man 
lofty and pure in his aspirations, and of the most spiritual 
temper ; . . . whose words, like the live coals from the 
hand of the angel, 'touched and purified the lips' of those 
who listened to his teachings. His moral nature was so 
softly diffused over his church and people, that they ap- 
peared to lose themselves in the absorbing element, as 
dark forms seem sometimes, in pleasant summer days, to 
dissolve in an atmosphere of light." 

Pierpont married, 27 October, 1691, Abigail, born 15 
September, 1672, daughter of John and Abigail (Pierson) 
Davenport, of New Haven, and granddaughter of the 
Reverend John Davenport. She died 3 February, 1 69 1-2 ; 
tradition says, of consumption caused by exposure to the 
cold on the Sunday after her wedding, going to meeting, 
according to the fashion of the time, in her bridal dress, 
and is buried under the First Church. The record of her 
death reads thus in his Diary: "Feb. 3d, between 3 and 
4, morning, my dear wife Abigail died of hysteric fits: 
late at night." 

May 30, 1694, he married Sarah, granddaughter of 
Governor John Haynes and daughter of the Reverend 
Joseph and Sarah (Lord) Haynes, and sister of John 
Haynes, H. U. 1689. She died 7 October, 1696, leav- 
ing one daughter, Abigail, who bore the name of his first 
wife and became the wife of Joseph Noyes, pastor of the 
church in New Haven. 

He married, 26 July, 1698, Mary, daughter of the 
Reverend Samuel Hooker, H. U. 1653, and a grand- 
daughter of the Reverend Thomas Hooker, the first 
pastor of the church in Hartford. She survived her 
husband till 1 November, 1740. She was the mother of 
several children. The Reverend Samuel Pierpont, born 



23O CLASS OF l68 1. 

30 December, 1700, Y. C. 17 18, was ordained as the sec- 
ond minister of Lyme, 10 December, 1722, and was 
drowned in crossing the Connecticut River, 15 March, 
1724, upon his return from a visit to his mother at 
New Haven. He was unmarried. Sarah Pierpont, 9 
January, 1710, married, 28 July, 1728, Jonathan Ed- 
wards, D. D., the distinguished theologian and President 
of Princeton College, and had by him three sons and 
eight daughters, and was grandmother of Aaron Burr, 
Vice-President of the United States. Mary, 23 Novem- 
ber, 1702, married the Reverend William Russell, of 
Middletown. Benjamin, 15 October, 1707, Y. C. 1726, 
died in 1737, in the West Indies, unmarried. Joseph, 
21 October, 1704. Hezekiah, 26 May, 17 12, married 
Lydia Hemingway and settled at New Haven. 

These Pierponts were descended from Sir Henry Pierre- 
pont, who married Frances Cavendish, and was the pro- 
genitor of the Earls and Dukes of Kingston. 



Sundry False Hopes of Heaven, Discovered and Decried. In a 
Sermon preached at the North Assembly in Boston 3d. 4 m. 171 1. 
With a Preface by the Rev. Dr. Mather. 1712. W. 

Authorities. — L. Bacon, Thir- of the Descendants of John Dwight, 

teen Historical Discourses, 174-197, ii. 1056. D. Goodwin, Genealogical 

200. Boston News-Letter, 17 14, De- Notes, 55/548, 349. O. H. Hollister, 

cember 6-13. T. Clap, Annals of History of Connecticut, i. 458. J. L. 

Yale College, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9. Connect- Kingsley, in American Quarterly 

icut Public Records (ed. J. Hoadly), Register, viii. 14, 15. C. Mather, 

iv. 520. Contributions to the Eccle- Just Commemorations : The Death 

siastical History of Connecticut, 7, of Good Men Considered, 37. J. 

435> 43 6 - J- Dana, Century Dis- Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 

course, 24 ; and his Two Discourses, 432. W. B. Sprague, Annals of the 

47, 48. A. B. Davenport, History American Pulpit, i. 205. A. H. Wal- 

and Genealogy of the Davenport worth, Hyde Genealogy, I, 298. 
Family, 196. B. W. Dwight, History 



JOHN DAVIE. 23I 

JOHN DAVIE. 

Died in 1727. 

Sir John Davie, Baronet, was second and youngest 
son of Sir Humphrey Davie, who was created a Baronet 
9 September, 1641. The father came from London, 
England, in 1662, to Boston, — possibly to encourage 
the Reverend James Allyne, — and married, for a second 
or third wife, Sarah, daughter of William Gibbons and 
widow of James Richards, of Hartford, who had left a 
large estate which caused his removal thither, where he 
died 18 February, 1688-9. The paternity of the gradu- 
ate is made plain by a record, in New London, of a deed 
of sale, stating that Sarah Davie, relict of Humphrey 
Davie, sometime of Boston in New England, late of 
Hartford, deceased, for sixty pounds current money of 
New England paid by John Davie, of New London, 
yeoman, son of said Humphrey Davie, deceased, relin- 
quished to him all right and title to two acres and a half 
of land on Beacon Hill in Boston, "in the present tenure 
and occupation of Mr. James Allyne minister in Boston 
aforesaid." 

The graduate established himself in 1693 on a farm at 
Poquonuck, a part of New London, on the east side of 
the river, incorporated in 1705 as Groton. Of this place 
he was the first town clerk, and continued in office till 1707. 
His handwriting is peculiarly bold and distinct. In 1694 
he was on a committee to agree "with workmen for build- 
ing a new meeting-house and managing the whole concern 
about it." He was rate collector in 1695, townsman or 
selectman in 1696, constable for the east side in 1702, 
and rate recorder of the new town of Groton in 1705. 

To the baronetcy, and the estate attached to it, this 



232 CLASS OF l68 I . 

John Davie, of Groton, farmer and town clerk, succeeded, 
in 1707. 

Judge Sewall writes, 26 May, 1707: "Some of the 
best News we haue is, that Mr. Davie of New London is 
come to be a Knight & Baroenet, w ch Honor is suported 
with an Estate of 4 or Fiue Thousand pound pr anum." 
Again he writes, 28 May, 1707, "Sir John Davie dined 
with the Gov r ," and " j T . 12. The Lady Davie and Lady 
Hobbie were" at the funeral of President Samuel Willard. 

On receiving intelligence of his good fortune, the grad- 
uate settled his affairs in haste, leased his farm, and went 
to England to take possession of his inheritance. The 
last time his name is mentioned in the Groton book be- 
fore his departure is in the record of a gift of six pounds 
to be laid out in plate for the communion service of the 
church. He never revisited this country ; but subse- 
quently sold his farm and other lands, with his cattle, 
stock, and proprietary rights, to John Gardiner, of the 
Isle of Wight (Gardiner's Island). The deed was given 
by "Sir John Davie of Creedy, County of Devon, within 
the kingdom of England, Baronet," August 21st, 1722. 
Of the consideration, five hundred pounds, he empowered 
his attorney, Gurdon Saltonstall, H. U. 1684, to pay two 
hundred and fifty pounds to Mrs. Margaret Franklin of 
Boston, and the remaining two hundred and fifty, in equal 
portions, to Mr. Daniel Taylor, minister at Newark, 
Mrs. Mary Pratt, and Mrs. Mather of Saybrook, who 
probably were his nearest relatives in America. 

August 15, 1667, two sagamores, Abbagasset, alias 
Abegusset, Abenegusset, or Abbagadusset, and Kenne- 
bes, alias Kenebez, sold to Christopher Lawson the 
island in the Kennebec River called by the Indians 
Capeanagusset, or Cape Anagusset, and by the English 
Swan Island. Lawson mortgaged it to the graduate's 
father, Humphrey, who was one of the commissioners of 



JOHN DAVIE. 233 

Massachusetts appointed to establish and organize the 
County of Devon, or Devonshire, in 1674. Humphrey 
became lawful owner of the island, 16 May, 1683; and 
under the title from Abbagusset the island was claimed 
by Sir John Davie, who was sometimes called in England 
Sergeant Davie, being a sergeant at law in that country. 

The tradition is that the baronet was hoeing corn on 
his farm when informed of his accession to fortune. 
James Packer, one of his neighbors, was at work with 
him, and they were striving to see which would do the 
most work in the least time. Letters had been sent from 
England to look up the heir of the Davie estate, and, 
application being made to Saltonstall, he immediately de- 
spatched a messenger to Groton with the tidings. This 
messenger, arriving at the house, was directed to the 
field ; and as he approached Davie, who was at work 
barefoot, with shirt-sleeves and trousers rolled up, he 
inquired his name; and on receiving an answer, struck 
him upon the shoulder, and, raising his hat, exclaimed, 
"I salute you Sir John Davie." 

James Packer had made several voyages, and when Sir 
John Davie left Groton he gave him a hearty invitation, 
if he should ever find himself in England, to come to 
his estate in Devonshire and make him a visit, assuring 
him that it would always give him pleasure to see an old 
neighbor and hear from his American home. A few 
years later, Packer, being in England, took the stage- 
coach from London and went out to Sir John's estate. 
He arrived just as the family were sitting down to din- 
ner, with a party of the neighboring gentry for guests. 
Sir John recognized his former comrade at once; re- 
ceived him with great cordiality, introduced him to the 
company as an American friend, and treated him with 
marked attention. The next day he carried him over all 
his grounds and showed him his various accommodations. 



234 CLASS OF l68l. 

Before parting, Sir John and his lady had a long and free 
conversation with their visitor, in the course of which the 
baronet said: "You see how I live, Packer: I have an 
abundance of this world's goods, and can gratify myself 
with a continual succession of pleasures, but after all I 
am not so happy as I was when you and I changed work 
at threshing and we had but one dish for dinner, and that 
was corn-beans y 

About 1713, Davie sent a "good Collection of Books 
to the Library" of Yale College, of which some of his 
classmates were founders and benefactors. 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of James Richards, 
whose widow married his father. "The children of 
John Davie," as recorded in the Groton book in his 
own handwriting, are Mary, born 30 June, 1693 ; Sarah, 
21 October, 1695; Elizabeth, 17 March, 1697-8; John, 
27 July, 1700; Humphrey, 11 April, 1702; William, 21 
March, 1705-6. "These were all born in the town now 
called Groton." With the exception of the youngest, the 
names are on the record of baptisms by Gurdon Salton- 
stall, who enters them as children of Mr. John Davids, 
and under date of 26 May, 1695, notes, "Brother Davids 
Indian Jane made a profession of y e Christian faith, and 
taking hold of the Covenant was baptized." This mistake 
in the name was then common. The title Brother is not 
here used to designate merely church relationship : Sal- 
tonstall and Davie had married sisters, who were daugh- 
ters of James Richards, of Hartford, which was doubtless 
the cause of Davie's settlement and residence in Groton. 
Besides these he had one son and one daughter whose 
births are not found on the record. 

Sir John was high sheriff of Devon. He died in 1727. 
His wife Elizabeth died at Creedy in 17 13. Both were 
buried at Sandford. He was succeeded by his son John 
as sixth baronet, who is mentioned in his father's will as 



JOHN DAVIE. 235 

"of full age 1727 born in 1700 in New England, aged 
21 on the 27 July 172 1, and their eldest son and heir." 

The Boston News- Letter, 18 November, 1737, con- 
tains this statement: "Wednesday last died, after a short 
Illness, at his Seat at Creedy near Exeter, Sir John Davy, 
Bart., who has left Issue Three Daughters unmarried, 
and Three Sons, viz. John, Humphrey, and William, of 
whom John the Eldest (who married Elizabeth, Sister to 
Sir Hugh Ackland, Bart.) succeeds him in the Honour. 
She died in 1738, aged 38." 

In the Chronological Diary of the Historical Register 
of 1737 is inserted, in September, among the deaths, 
"Of the Gout in his Head Sir John Davie, Bart., at his 
House, Creedy, in Devonshire'' The London Magazine, 
under September, 1737, page 517, has among the deaths, 
"In Devonshire, Sir John Davis, Bart." The Gentle- 
man's Magazine for the same year, page 573, under the 
date of August 24, records the death of "Sir John Davis, 
Bt., at Creedy, Devonsh." The Davis, Davie, and Davy 
are obviously the same person. 

According to Burke, whose "account of the Davie 
family" the present baronet writes to me, "is very incor- 
rect and imperfect," the daughter Mary was married to 
the Reverend Thomas Bishop, of Barnstaple, who had 
been a chaplain in the family ; Sarah, to Christopher Sa- 
very, Esq., of Shilson, in Devonshire ; and Elizabeth, to 
Ebenezer Mussell, Esq., of London. 

The son of the graduate was succeeded by his son Sir 
John, born 173 1. The baronetcy became extinct on the 
death of Sir Humphrey Phineas Davie, tenth baronet, on 
the 1 2th of January, 1846. The family estates then de- 
volved on Sir Humphrey Davie's niece, as the represent- 
ative of her deceased brother, Sir John, ninth baronet. 
She was married in 1823, and the baronetcy was revived 
in 1846 in the person of her husband, Sir H. R. Fergu- 



236 



CLASS OF l68l. 



son Davie, Baronet, General, and member of Parliament 
for Haddington Burgh, Scotland. 

The coat of arms is " Ar. a chev. gu. betw. three mul- 
lets pierced sa Crest — A paschal or holy lamb ppr. 
Motto — Auspice Christo." 



Authorities. ■ — T. Bridgman, 
Pilgrims of Boston, 269. British 
Almanac, 1867, 48, 49, 63. J. Burke, 
Genealogical and Heraldic Diction- 
ary of the Peerage and Baronetage 
of the British Empire. J. and J. 
Eurke, General Armory of England, 
Scotland, and Ireland. F. M. Caul- 
kins, History of New London, 199, 
264, 415-417. T. Clap, Annals of 
Yale College, 15. H. R. F. Davie, 
Letter, dated Creedy Park, Crediton, 
1867, October 1. E. C. Herrick, Let- 
ter, 1855, May 4. Historical Maga- 
zine, i. 87, 282. Massachusetts Bay 
Records, v. 400-403. New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register, 



i. 169 ; xx. 46, 79. R. Polwhele, His- 
tory of Devonshire, ii. [Archdeaconry 
of Exeter] ^j. J. Prince, Worthies 
of Devon, ed. 1810, 282, 284. J. Sav- 
age, Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 14, 
15. S. Sewall, Manuscripts ; and in 
Massachusetts Historical Society's 
Collections, xlvi. 188, 195. J. Sulli- 
van, History of the District of Maine, 
147. J. W. Thornton, Letter, 1856, 
February 19. B. Trumbull, History 
of Connecticut, i. 490. J. H. Trum- 
bull, Public Records of Connecticut, 
iii. 71, 243 ; and Letter, 1858, Febru- 
ary 6. W. H. Whitmore, Elements 
of Heraldry, 70. W. D. Williamson, 
History of Maine, i. 671. 



SAMUEL RUSSELL. 

Born 1660, died 1731, aged 70. 

Rev. Samuel Russell, M. A., of Branford, Connect- 
icut, son of the Reverend John Russell, of Hadley, 
H. U. 1645, was born 4 November, 1660. In 1682 he 
taught the grammar school in Hadley "six months for 
£15. About 50 scholars attended and paid 4 shillings 
each, except a few that paid 6 shillings. He received 
from the scholars £10, 14s. and from the school com- 
mittee, £4, 6s." 

I have not ascertained when he was ordained, but he 
received a call to Branford, Connecticut, 12 September, 



SAMUEL RUSSEL. 27,7 

1687, having been one of the persons desired, n Octo- 
ber, 1686, "to prepare what may be needfull to present 
to the general court, and make presentment thereof on 
behalfe" of Branford, "for liberty to embody in a church 
estate." This was at the reorganization of the church, 
about twenty-two years after the removal of Abraham 
Pierson, H. U. 1668, with his flock, to New Jersey. 
"He became the second father of the town. His min- 
istry, peaceful and prosperous, was prolonged forty-four 
years," "though he was disabled from preaching during 
the last six years of his life." 

When Abraham Pierson was chosen Rector of the 
College in Connecticut, "in as much as it was originally 
proposed that there should be ten Trustees besides the 
Rector," Russell was chosen a "Trustee to complete the 
Number of eleven." The meeting in 1700, at which 
the College is said to have been founded, took place, 
according to tradition, in the south parlor of his house. 
He was undoubtedly one of the most active promoters 
of the enterprise. 

In October, 1687, the General Court granted to him 
and several others "two hundred acres of land a piece." 

The following inscription is on one of the monuments 
in the burying-ground : — 

"The Revd. Mr. Samll. Russel, Deed. y e 25th day of 
June, 1 73 1, in y e 71st year of his age, and 44th of his 
Ministry. Mrs. Abigail Russel, his virtuous consort, 
Deed. y e 7th day of May 1733, in y e 67 year of her age. 

"From vulgar dust distinguish'd lies 
The active Heralds of the skies, 
Whose voice Salvation did attend, 
Could comfort to the meeker send, 
And make the stubborn-hearted bend ; 
With Honor watch his Urn around, 
And ne'er forget the silver sound, 



238 CLASS OF l68 I. 

Till Trumpets bid the Final day, 

And laboring Angels rouse his clay, 

By Heaven dismiss'd you'll shine his crown, 

And bow his head with glory down. 

In slumber bound fast by his side, 

The tender part, his pious bride, 

Reclines her head. 
So round the oak the ivy twines, 
With faithful bands on spiral lines, 

Though both are dead." 

Russell married Abigail, born 1666, daughter of the 
Reverend John Whiting, H. U. 1653, by his first wife 
Sybil, daughter of Deacon Edward Collins, of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. Children: John, born 24 January, 1686 ; 
Abigail, 16 August, 1690, who became the third wife of 
Joseph Moss, H. U. 1699 (the ancestor of Chancellor 
James Kent, through Elisha Kent, Y. C. 1729, and Moss 
Kent, Y. C. 1752); Samuel, 28 September, 1693; Tim- 
othy, 18 November, 1695; Daniel, 19 June, 1698; Jon- 
athan, 12 August, 1700; Ebenezer, 4 May, 1703, of 
Stonington, Y. C. 1722, died a short time before his 
father. 

WORKS. 

I find on the Connecticut Records, for May, 1699, "Ordered 
&c. that the thanks of this Assembly be returned to the Rever* M r 
Sam" Russell for his pains in preaching the election sermon." 
Probably it was not printed. 

Authorities. — L. Bacon, in Con- S. Judd and L. M. Boltwood, History 

tributionstothe Ecclesiastical History of Hadley, 66,68, 559. New Eng- 

of Connecticut, 10. J. W. Barber, land Journal, 1731, January 12. New 

Connecticut Historical Collections, Hampshire Historical Society, Col- 

193. Boston News-Letter, 1 73 1, July lections, iv. 77. J. Savage, Gene- 

22. T. Clap, Annals of Yale College, alogical Dictionary, iii. 12. 594. R. 

11. F. B. Dexter, Letter, 1875. Jan- D. Smith, Letter, 1S68, November 

uary 9. N. Goodwin, Genealogical 14. J. H. Trumbull, Public Records 

Notes, 330-332. C. J. Hoadly, Pub- of Connecticut, iii. 216, 245. 
lie Records of Connecticut, iv. 289. 



WILLIAM DENISON. 239 



WILLIAM DENISON. 



Born 1664, died 1717-18, aged 53. 

William Denison, M. A., born at Roxbury, 18 Sep- 
tember, 1664, was son of Edward Denison, by Elizabeth, 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Weld) Denison, of 
Roxbury. 

April 25, 1668, the day on which his father made his 
will, giving one half of his property to William, he de- 
clared "it to be his mind & Earnest desire that his sonn 
William should be brought up in good literature, accord- 
ing as the improuement of his Estate" would "beare." 

In 1 68 1 the graduate taught the school in Dorchester, 
with an agreement that he should have twenty pounds 
and "his accommodation for diet," and the next year 
twenty shillings more in money; in 1683 he taught part 
of the year. He also preached, but was never ordained. 
He was made freeman in 1690, and was Representative 
from Roxbury to the General Court for twenty years. 

May 12, 1686, he married Dorothy, born 28 April, 
1664, daughter of Thomas and Dorothy (Whiting) Weld, 
of Roxbury, and probably had no children. The widow, 
28 April, 1720, became the second wife of Samuel, oldest 
son of Samuel Williams, of Roxbury. 

Denison died at Roxbury, 22 March, 17 17-18. Sewall 
writes : " March 26. Mr. Simeon Stoddard carried me, 
Mr. Bromfield, and Anthony Stoddard esq. in his Coach 
to Mr. Denison's Funeral. Mr. Walter pray'd very 
well ; said Mr. Denison was a Man of Truth, and of 
Trust, a Man of Prayer, Integrity and Piety. Bearers, 
Mr. Danforth of Dorchester, Mr. John White; Anthony 
Stoddard Esq.; Col. William Dudley; Major Bowls, 
Mr. Ebenezer Thayer. Major Denison led the Widow. 



24O CLASS OF I 68 I . 

Gov r Dudley & I went next the Mourners." "March 
27. Mr. Danforth gives the widow Denison a high Com- 
endation for her Piety, prudence, Diligence, Humility." 
April 7, " Mr. Dorr took occasion in her absence to say 
she was one of the most Dutiful Wives in the world." 

January 18, 173 1-2, there was presented to the General 
Court "A Petition of Samuel Williams and Dorothy his 
Wife, late Dorothy Denison, Relict Widow of William Den- 
ison late of Roxbury, . . . Gentleman, deceased, setting 
forth, That the said William Denison by his last Will and 
Testament, gave to the said Dorothy, his whole Estate, 
both Real and Personal, during Life, and willed, that she 
dispose of Two Hundred Pounds to some publick use, tak- 
ing the Advice of the Reverend Mr. Nehemiah Walter, 
or some other of her able and faithful Friends ; but inas- 
much as some Doubt arises whether she has power by 
vertue of the said Clause, to dispose of the said Two Hun- 
dred Pounds out of the Testator's Real Estate, the Peti- 
tioners therefore pray they may be impowered to sell 
Nine Acres of the said deceased's Land for the Purpose 
before-mentioned, the Overplus to be disposed of agree- 
able to his Will." The petition was negatived. 

Authorities. — History of Dor- cal Dictionary, ii. 38; iv. 473. J. 
Chester [by E. Clapp and W. B. Sewall, Manuscript Diary; and in 
Trask], 497. Massachusetts House Massachusetts Historical Society's 
Journal, 173 1-2, January 19. New Collections, xlvii. 178- 1 So. W. 
England Historical and Genealogical Winthrop, Interleaved Triennial Cat- 
Register, xviii. 326 ; xxiii. 335. Rox- alogue. 
bury Records. J. Savage, Genealogi- 



" Mr. William Denison, Mr. John the public Assessment, the which 

Eliot, Mr. John White, of Roxbury, this Court doth not approve of, judg- 

who have been Students at Colledge, ing the s d Gentlemen ought to be re- 

and having taken 2 degrees, and en- leased & give order y< such Rates be 

tred upon the work of the ministry abated & y c town to make it up." — 

of whom information is made to tin's October 12, 1692. Massachusetts 

Court that the Select men of Roxbury Manuscript Papers, xi. 65. 
have rated them for their heads, in 



JOSEPH ELIOT. 241 



JOSEPH ELIOT. 



Joseph Eliot, M. A., son of Deacon Jacob Eliot, and 
grand-nephew of the Reverend John Eliot, the Apostle 
to the Indians, was born 13 January, 1664. S. Sewall 
writes: "Nov r 14. 1700. about 2 hour past one in the 
Afternoon, Mr. Joseph Eliot dieth. He was abroad on 
the Lords day at Meeting. I saw him in the street near 
his own house, about 8 in the morning." November 16 
he "was buried. Bearers, Capt. Alford, Capt. Checkley, 
Mr. Dan! Oliver, 'Mr. Benet, Mr. Cutler, Mr. Gibbs. 
38 years old." He lived and died in Boston. His widow 
Silence, four children, and his brother Benjamin, a book- 
seller, are mentioned in the settlement of his estate. A 
son Jacob died soon after his father. 

Authorities. — J. Savage, Gen- Massachusetts Historical Society's 
ealogical Dictionary, ii. 109. S. Collections, xlvi. 25. Suffolk County 
Sewall, Manuscript Diary; and in Probate Records, xi. 306, 395. 



1682. 

There were no Graduates this year. 



VOL. III. l6 



[Febuary 21, I834-] 



CLASS OF 1683. 

Samuel Danforth, John Williams, 

William Williams. 



THESES 
DISC V T I EN DJE % 

Sub Reverendo 
CRESCENTIO MAT HERO, 

Comitiorum Academicorum in Collegio 

Harvardino 

P R sES I D E : 

Cantabrigian Nov-Anglorum, 

PER INCEPTORES IN ARTIBUS, 
Nonis Jttlii M.DCIXXXVI 

AN datur Accidens realiter a sub- 
stantia distinctum? 
Negat Respondens Samuel Danforthus. 

A71 Voluntas determinatitr ab ultimo In- 
tellects Practici judicio ? 

Affirmat Respondens Johannes TVilliams. 

An Terra movctur? 

Affirmat Respondens Guilielmus Williams. 



SAMUEL DANFORTH. 243 

SAMUEL DANFORTH. 

Born 1666, died 1727, aged 60. 

Rev. Samuel Danforth, M. A., of Taunton, born 10 
and baptized 16 December, 1666, brother of the Reverend 
John Danforth, H. U. 1667, was son of the Reverend 
Samuel Danforth, H. U. 1643, who married, 5 Novem- 
ber, 1 65 1, Mary, youngest child of the Reverend John 
Wilson, of Boston. 

July 12, 1 68 1, he was chosen one of the "scholars of 
the house," and again 5 December, 1683. 

He was invited to Taunton, Massachusetts, "with a 
large share of ministerial influence to precede and prepare 
the way for him." His immediate predecessor was George 
Shove. "February 27th, 1687. It is voted," so state 
the Proprietors' Records, "that Captain Bartholomew 
Tipping shall have ten acres of land adjoining to his own 
land, formerly laid out to him, at a place called Rumford, 
for his labor and charge to fetch up to our town Mr. 
Danforth, provided it be not prejudiciall to any highway 
or former grant." Captain Tipping sold Danforth "his 
house and lot," and twenty-three persons — whose names 
with the number of acres subscribed by each are printed 
in Emery's Ministry of Taunton, i. 181, and in Baylies's 
Historical Memoir of Plymouth, iv. 80 — agreed to give 
him certain parcels of land "in part pay therefor." It 
may be supposed that these persons had been particularly 
desirous to secure the services of Danforth. He was 
ordained 21 September, 1687, as may be inferred from his 
letter to Thomas Hinckley, "5. 7. 1687," and confirmed 
by a manuscript note of Ezra Stiles on the manuscript 
sermon preached by Danforth himself for the occasion. 

In a letter to John Cotton, of Plymouth, he describes 



244 CLASS OF 1683. 

his humble and modest mansion, which was situated about 
half a mile from Taunton Green, on the Raynham road. 

Farmer says that Danforth "was one of the most 
learned and able ministers of the day." 

Baylies says: "All his contemporaries represent him 
as a person of great learning, and he certainly maintained 
a high reputation through life, . . . He did not confine 
himself to theology, but attained a competent knowledge 
of the medical art and was no contemptible lawyer. He 
may in fact be called the principal, if not the only, phy- 
sician and lawyer" of Taunton. "His various qualifi- 
cations rendered him extremely useful, and while he 
instructed his people in all things touching their spirit- 
ual welfare, they found his advice and aid no less useful 
in their temporal concerns. He acquired over them an 
unbounded influence, which he exercised for the general 
good, and although some of them might dislike advice 
which too often came in the shape of a command, yet, as 
nothing was meant but their good, they acquiesced, and 
were grateful." 

In 1698, he and Grindall Rawson, H. U. 1678, visited 
the several plantations of Indians in Massachusetts, by 
appointment of the Commissioners for the Propagation 
of the Gospel among the Indians in New England and 
parts adjacent. Their Report, extending from 30 May 
to 24 June, is printed in the Collections of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, x. 129. In his letters to 
Cotton he occasionally mentions "his Indian lecture day 
in Taunton." He took great interest in the Indians, 
and prepared an Indian Dictionary in manuscript, a por- 
tion of which, presented by his great-granddaughter, Eliza 
Howard, is in the library of the Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society. 

" Having seen some printed accounts of the Methods 
for Reformation in Old England" he prevailed on several 



SAMUEL DANFORTH. 245 

of the inhabitants of Taunton "to meet with him once in 
each Month, to consult what might be done to promote 
a Reformation of Disorders there." This led to family 
worship, and to the organization of " the greatest Part of 
the Youth . . . into Societies for religious Exercises, signing 
some good Rules to be observed by them. . . . The good 
Effect whereof was the putting an End to & utter Ban- 
ishment of their former disorderly and profane Meetings 
to drink, &c" Three letters giving more in detail the 
great revival which followed are printed in Prince's Chris- 
tian History, i. 109- 112, and in Emery's Ministry of 
Taunton, i. 257. "It was a most comfortable Day the 
first of March," 1704-5, "when we renew'd the Refor- 
mation Covenant: . . . only we added an Engagement to 
reform Idleness, unnecessary frequenting Houses of public 
Entertainment, irreverent Behaviour in public Worship, Ne- 
glect of Family- Prayer, Promise- breaking, and walking with 
Slanderers and Reproachers of others; and that we should all 
in our Families be subject to good Orders and Govern- 
ment. It was read to the Brethren and Sisters in the Fore- 
noon ; they standing up as an outward Sign of their inward 
Consent to the rest of the Inhabitants. In the Afternoon 
they standing up also when it was read ; and then every 
one that stood up, brought his Name ready writ in a Paper 
and put into the Box, that it might be put on Church 
Record. . . . We gave liberty to all Men and Women Kind, 
from sixteen Tears old and upwards to act with us ; and had 
three hundred Names given in to list under Christ, against 
the Sins of the Times. The whole acted with such Grav- 
ity, and Tears of good Affection, as would affect an Heart 
of Stone. Parents weeping for Joy, seeing their Children 
give their Names to Christ. And we had several Children 
of the Church in neighbouring Towns, came & joined with 
us in it. We have a hundred more that will yet bind them- 
selves in the Covenant, that were then detained from Meet- 



246 CLASS OF 1683. 

ing. Let God have the Glory." The Covenant is printed 
by Emery, in his Ministry of Taunton, i. 258. 

Danforth "lived, died, and was buried among the peo- 
ple of his 'first love.' " A modest stone, covered with 
the moss of more than a century, contained the inscrip- 
tion : — 

41 Here lyes buried y e 

Body of y e Rev'd 

Mr. Samuel Danforth, 

who departed this 

Life Nov. 14, 1727." 

In May, 1835, another stone was erected by his only 
surviving grandson, Job Danforth, of Providence, Rhode 
Island, in the ninety-first year of his age, which contains 
the following inscription : — 

" Sacred 
To the memory of the 
Rev. Samuel Danforth, 
who was born in Roxbury, Dec. 18, 1666; 
graduated at Harvard College in 1683 ; was 
ordained and settled, as the fourth min- 
ister in Taunton, and continued in 
the ministry 44 years, to the 
time of his death, which 
was on Nov. 14, 1727." 

The inscription was written by Walter Raleigh Dan- 
forth, of Providence, Brown University, 1805, son of 
Job Danforth. 

"Thorsday, Oct. 4* [1688]. About 5. P. M.," writes 
Judge Sewall, "Mr. [Samuel] Willard married Mr. Sam- 
uel Danforth and Mrs. Hannah [daughter of the Rever- 
end James] Allen [of Boston]. Mr. [Charles] Morton 
began with prayer before Mr. Willard came. ... I was at 
Mr. Danforth's Wedding, being invited by the Father." 
They had: Elizabeth, born 29 July, 1689, married John 



SAMUEL DANFORTH. 247 

Walley, of Boston ; Mary and Samuel, twins, i June, 

1691, both died soon ; James, n, baptized 13 November, 

1692, married, 6 November, 1720, Sarah Deane, and re- 
sided in Taunton; Sarah, 18, baptized 25 November, 
1694; Samuel, 4, baptized 10 January, 1697, farmer and 
clothier in Taunton, town treasurer, married, 24 Novem- 
ber, 1730, Bethia, daughter of Nathaniel Crossman; Mary, 
again, 5, baptized 11 December, 1698, married William 
Downs, of Boston ; Hannah, 2, baptized 8 December, 
1700, married Jacob Barney, of Taunton ; Thomas, 22, 
baptized 23 May, 1703, had Thomas, Elijah, and John, 
and settled probably in Newton; John, 21, baptized 25 
February, 1705, died 15 August, 1706; Martha, 2, died 
3 November, 1707; Bethia, 16 August, 1709, died; 
Rachel, 8 July, 171 1, died; Nathaniel, 31 May, 1714. 
Hannah, Bethia, Rachel, and Nathaniel were unmarried at 
the father's death. Ten children outlived the father, and 
the widow died 3 December, 176 1. 

WORKS. 

Besides the works already alluded to, and manuscripts not pub- 
lished, are 

1. The New-England | Almanack | for | The year of our Lord. 
1686. I And of the world. 5635. | Since the planting of Massachu- 
sets I Colony in New-England. 58. | Since the found, of Harv. 
Coll. 44. I ... I By S. D. Philomath. |) Cambridge. Printed by 
Samuel Green, sen. Printer to Harvard Colledge in New-England. 
A. D. 1685. sm. 8vo or i6mo. 

On the copy before me is in manuscript, " For y e wor' Samuel 
Sewall. Esq.," and " Delivered me pr y e Gov r Jan 21. 1685-6 sent 
it seems by y e Author." Sewall wrote on it that the " acct of y e 
Eclipse was truer by much than Mr. [Nathaniel] Mathers" for 
the same year. The Introduction consists of two closely printed 
pages of poetry. 

2. Letter to Thomas Hinckley, dated Taunton, 5. 7. 1687. 
In the Massachusetts Historical Society's Collections, xxxv. 166. 

3. The title of an Indian translation of Increase Mather's Five 



248 CLASS OF 1683. 

Sermons is printed, on page 455 of the first volume of these Bio- 
graphical Sketches, as No. 66 of Increase Mather's Works. 

4. Piety Encouraged. | Brief Notes of a | Discourse | Delivered 
unto the People of | Taunton. || Boston. 1705. pp. 25. With 
a Preface signed C. M. 

5. The Day which the Lord hath made [Ne Kesukod Uttiyeu 

Lord Kessehtunkup] ] | A Discourse | Concerning | The 

Institution | and | Observation j of the | Lords Day. | Delivered 
in a Lecture at Boston | 4 d. 1 /«. 1703. [In Indian and English.] 
Boston. 1707. sm. 8vo. 

As Danforth's father was colleague with the Apostle Eliot, the 
work translated may be considered a good specimen of the native 
Indian language. It was reprinted in 1707. It contains 36 pages 
in each language ; and at the end is " Some part of the first Chap- 
ter of John." 

6. The I Duty of Believers to oppose the | Growth of the 
Kingdom of Sin, | Pressed ; | The Means and Manner of Mana- 
ging I this Opposition Explained ; j The ways whereby men become 
guil- I ty of discouraging others from vi- | gorous attempts against 
the growth | of Vice, and the Carnal Grounds | of their so doing 
Detected. | In a | Sermon | Preached before the Honourable Ar- | 
tillery Company in Boston, on | the Day of their Anniversary | 
Election, in the Year 1708. || Boston. 1708. i2mo. pp. 36. 

7. Wofull Effects of Drunkenness. 1710. P*. 

8. An Elegy on the Memory of the Worshipful Major Thomas 
Leonard Esq. of Taunton in New England ; who departed this 
Life on the 24th Day of November, Anno Domini 17 13. In the 
73 d Year of his Age. A broadside, reprinted, with a description 
of it, in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 
xxii. 140. 

9. An I Exhortation | To All: | To use Utmost Endeavours to 
obtain | A Visit of the |, God of Hosts, | for the | Preservation of 

Religion, and | the Church, upon Earth. | | In a Sermon 

Preached before His Excellency | the Governour, the Honourable 
Council I and Representatives of the Province of the Mas- | sachu- 
setts-Bay in N. E. on May 26. 17 14. being | the Anniversary Day 
of the Election of | Councellors of said Province. || Boston : Printed 
by B. Green : Sold by Samuel Gerrish, at his Shop on the North 
Side of the Town-House. 17 14. i6mo. pp. 38. Also re- 
printed by Emery, i. 191. 



JOHN WILLIAMS. 249 

10. Bridgevvater's Monitor. || Two Sermons, | Preached unto 
a I New Assembly | of Christians | at Bridgewater. | On, 14 d. 
VI m. 1 7 1 7. I . . . I at their Entering into the | New-Edifice. | 
The first by James Keith | . . . The second [The Building of 
S.ion I carryed on by Praying]. By Samuel Danforth. Boston. 
1 7 1 7. f2mo. pp. 39. 

n. Letter to Cotton Mather, dated Taunton, August 8, 1720. 
In the Massachusetts Historical Society's Collections, xxxi. 254 ; 
also in Emery's Ministry of Taunton, i. 261. 

12. The names of Peter Thacher, H. U. 1671, John Danforth, 
H. U. 1677, and Samuel Danforth, H. U. 1684, are signed to 
"An Essay, by several Ministers of the Gospel . . . concerning 
the Singing of Psalms." Boston : Printed by S. Kneeland for S. 
Gerrish, and Sold at his Shop in Corn Hill. 1723. Reprinted by 
Emery, i. 287. See Peter Thacher, ii. 378, 379. 

John Danforth, H. U. 1677, appended to a sermon on the Earth- 
quake, published in 1728, verses on his brother and Peter Thacher. 

Authorities. — American Quar- ety, Collections, iii. 173 ; ix. 176, 197 ; 

terly Register, viii. 137; xii. 137, 148. x. 129; xxxi. 255; xxxv. 15, 166; 

F. Baylies, Historical Memoir of xxxviii. 373. New England Histori- 

New Plymouth, II. iv. 79. S. H. cal and Genealogical Register, iii. 

Emery, Ministry of Taunton, i, ix, 301; vii. 318; xiv. 39 ; xv. 315 ; xxii. 

180-232, 256. J. Farmer, and J. B. 140; xxv. 330. T. Prince, Christian 

Moore, Collections, Historical and History, i. 109- 112. Roxbury Rec- 

MiscelIaneons,ii. 270. Harvard Col- ords. J. Savage, Genealogical Dic- 

lege Corporation Records, i. 56 ; iii. tionary, ii. 48. 
83. Massachusetts Historical Soci- 



JOHN WILLIAMS. 

Born 1664, died 1729, aged 69. 



Rev. John Williams, M. A., of Deerfield, Massa- 
chusetts, born at Roxbury, 10 December, 1664, was son 
of Samuel Williams, deacon and shoemaker, and Theoda, 
born 26 July, 1637, daughter of Deacon William Park, 



25O CLASS OF 1683. 

whose wife was Martha, daughter of John Holgrave or 
Halgrave, of Salem. "Through the aid and influence" 
of his grandfather Park, William was enabled to obtain 
his college education. 

In 1684 and 1685 the graduate taught school in Dor- 
chester. 

In March, 1686, he assumed the duties of preacher in 
Deerfield. A church was gathered, and he was ordained 
the first minister, 17 October, 1688. The people voted 
that they "would give him sixteen cow commons of 
meadow land, with a home lot that lyeth on the meeting 
house hill — that they will build him a house forty-two 
feet long, twenty feet wide, and a linto on the back-side 
of the house, to fence his home lot, and within two years 
after this agreement, to build him a barn, and break up 
his ploughing land. For yearly salary, to give him sixty 
pounds a year for the present, and four or five years after 
this agreement to add to the salary, and make it eighty 
pounds." In 1696-7, he makes the following record: 
"The town to pay their salary to me in wheat, pease, 
Indian corn, and pork, at the prices stated, viz: wheat 
at 2>s. 3d. per bushel, Indian corn at is. per bushel, fatted 
pork at i\d. per pound. These being the terms of the 
bargain made with me at the first." 

Soon after the renewal of hostilities in Queen Anne's 
War, Colonel John Schuyler, of Albany, warned the in- 
habitants of Deerfield to be on their guard against the 
French and Indians. Williams wrote to the Governor, 
Joseph Dudley, in October, 1703, that "the fortification 
can be mended no longer ; we must make it all new, and 
fetch the timber for 206 rods, 3 or 4 miles, if we get oak. 
We have been driven from our houses into the fort, and 
there are only 10 homelots in it, and we have been so 
crowded together that indoor affairs are carried on with 
difficulty. Strangers tell us that they would not live 



JOHN WILLIAMS. 251 

where we do, for twenty times as much as we get." " He 
was strongly possest that the Town would in a little time 
be destroyed ; signifying as much in his publick Minis- 
try, and private Conference ; and could not be satisfied 
till he had got twenty Souldiers to be posted there." 

"Not long before break of day," on Tuesday, 29 Feb- 
ruary, 1703-4, the watch being unfaithful and having 
retired to rest, "the Enemy came in like a Flood." 
Major Hertel de Rouville from Canada, with two hun- 
dred French and one hundred and forty-two Indians, 
aided by two or four of his brothers, entered the fort on 
the crust of the snow, which in some places had drifted 
nearly to the top of the palisades, and found the inhab- 
itants in profound sleep. "They came to my House in 
the beginning of the Onset," writes Williams, "and by 
their violent endeavours to break open Doors, and Win- 
dows, with Axes, and Hatchets, Awaken'd me out of 
Sleep ; on which I leapt out of bed, and running toward 
the door, perceived the Enemy making their entrance 
into the House: I called to awaken two Souldiers, in the 
Chamber; and returned to my bed-side, for my Arms: 
the Enemy immediately brake into the Room, I judge 
to the number of Twenty, with Painted Faces, and hideous 
Acclamations." Williams seized his pistol from his bed- 
tester, "cocked it, and put it to the breast of the first 
Indian that came up; but," he states, "my Pistol miss- 
ing fire, I was seized by Three Indians, who disarmed 
me, and bound me Naked, as I was in my Shirt, and so 
I stood for near the space of an hour : binding me, they 
told me they would carry me to Quebec. My Pistol 
missing fire, was an occasion of my Life's being pre- 
served." 

" I cannot relate the distressing care I had for my dear 
Wife, who had lien-In but a few Weeks before, and for 
my poor Children, Family, and Christian Neighbours. . . . 



252 CLASS OF 1683. 

The Enemies who entred the House were all of them 
Indians and Macquds [Mohawks], insulted over me a 
while, holding up Hatchets over my head, threatning to 
burn all I had, but yet God beyond expectation made us 
in a great measure to be Pityed : for tho' some were so 
cruel and barbarous as to take & carry to the door, Two 
of my Children and Murder them, as also a Negro 
Woman ; yet they gave me liberty to put on my Clothes, 
keeping me bound with a Cord on one arm, till I put on 
my Cloths to the other; and then changing my Cord, 
they let me dress my self, and then Pinioned me again. 
Gave liberty to my dear Wife to dress her self, & our 
Children. About Sun an hour high, we were all carryed 
out of the house, for a March, and saw many of the 
Houses of my Neighbours in Flames, perceiving the 
whole Fort, one house excepted, to be taken. Who can 
tell, what sorrows pierced our Souls, when we saw our 
selves carryed away from Gods Sanctuary, to go into a 
strange Land exposed to so many Trials ? The journey 
being at least Three hundred Miles we were to Travel ; 
the Snow up to the Knees, and we never inur'd to such 
hardships and fatigues; 1 the place we were to be carryed 
to, a Popish Country. Upon my parting from the Town 
they fired my House & Barn. We were carryed over 
the River, to the foot of the Mountain, about a Mile 
from my House, where we found, a great number of our 
Christian Neighbours, Men, Women & Children, to the 
number of an hundred, Nineteen of which were afterward 
Murdered by the Way, and two starved to Death, near 
Cowass, in a time of great Scarcity or Famine, the Sal- 
vages underwent there." 2 

7 Judge Sewall writes, 6 March : last when they were taken, would 

" How they will be able to travel to make a hard heart bleed to think 

Canada in the very deep Snow, and of" 

terrible Cold since Tuesday Night = Judd says : " It appears by a 



JOHN WILLIAMS. 253 

"After this, we went up the Mountain, and saw the 
smoak of the Fires in the Town, and beheld the awful 
desolations. . . . Before we marched any farther, they 
kill'd a Sucking Child of the English. There were slain 
by the Enemy, of the Inhabitants of our Town, to the 
number of Thirty-eight, besides Nine of the Neighbour- 
ing Towns. Travel'd not far the first day." The cap- 
tors, " though they had several Wounded Persons, of their 
own to carry, upon their Shoulders, for Thirty Miles, 
before they came to the River, yet they carryed our 
Children, uncapable of Travelling, upon their Shoulders 
and in their Arms." At night Rouville encamped in a 
meadow, in what is now Greenfield, not more than four 
miles from Deerfield village, where "they dugg away the 
Snow, and made some Wigwams, cut down some of the 
small branches of Spruce-trees to lye down on, and gave 
the Prisoners some-what to eat; but we had but little 
Appetite. I was Pinioned, and bound down that Night, 
and so I was every Night whilst I was with the Army." 
In the course of the night, some of the enemy became 
intoxicated with spirit they had brought from Deerfield, 
and "kill'd my Negro man." "An English Man made 
his escape: in the Morning I was . . . ordered ... to tell 
the English, That if any more made their escape, they 
would burn the rest of the Prisoners." 

On the second day Williams was permitted to speak to 
his wife, "and to Walk with her to help her in her Jour- 
ney." But he says: " My wife told me her strength of 
body began to fail, & that I must expect to part with her. 

comparison of Hatfield records and 112 of the English were taken, of 

Deerfield narratives, that the number whom 2 soon escaped, 22 were slain 

of persons killed and taken was 162, or perished on the way to Canada, 

including three Frenchmen taken, 28 remained in Canada, and 60 re- 

who resided at Deerfield ; that 38 turned. Eight or nine of the slain 

were slain in the palisaded village, and as many of the captives belonged 

and 9 in the meadow fight ; and that to other towns." 



254 CLASS OF 1683. 

. . . She never spake any discontented Word as to what 
had befal'n us, but with suitable expressions justified 
God. ... I was put up on Marching with the foremost, 
and so made to take my last fare-well of my dear Wife. 
. . . After our being parted from one another, she spent 
the few remaining Minutes of her stay, in Reading the 
Holy Scriptures. ...I was made to Wade over a small 
River, and so were all the English, the Water above 
Knee-deep, the Stream [Green River at the upper part 
of Greenfield meadow], very Swift; and after that, to 
Travel up a small Mountain, my Strength was almost 
spent before I came to the Top of it." Here Williams, 
having laid off his pack, begged to go back and assist his 
wife, but was refused. By inquiring of the prisoners as 
they successively passed him, he learned that, in wading 
the "River, she fell down, and was plunged over Head 
and Ears in the Water," and at the foot of the "Moun- 
tain the cruel and bloodthirsty Salvage who took her, 
slew her with his Hatchet, at one stroak. . . . God put it 
into the hearts of my Neighbours to come out as far as 
she lay, to take up her Corpse, recarry it to the Town, 
and decently to bury it, soon after. . . . They killed an- 
other Sucking Infant, . . . and before Night, a Girl of 
about Eleven years of Age." The second night they 
encamped in the northerly part of the present town of 
Bernardston. Here "an Indian Captain from the East- 
ward spake to" Williams's master about killing him and 
taking his scalp ; but his master, perhaps for the reason 
that he might receive a price for his ransom, did not con- 
sent. On Friday, the "fourth day's March," continues 
the writer, "the Enemy killed another of my Neighbours, 
who being nigh the time of Travail, was wearied with her 
Journey. When we came to the great River [Connecti- 
cut, about thirty miles above Deerfield, probably in the 
upper part of what is now Brattleborough, Vermont], 



JOHN WILLIAMS. 255 

the Enemy took Slayes to draw their Wounded, several 
of our Children, and their Packs ; and Marched a great 
pace." 

The march continued several days without remarkable 
incidents, excepting the occasional killing and scalping of 
exhausted prisoners. Williams speaks of much kindness 
which the Indians after their manner showed him and his 
children on the journey, though he says he suffered agony 
from travelling with his legs so lacerated by the snow crust, 
his feet so sore, and his joints so distorted by snow-shoes, 
that each night he wrung blood out of his stockings. 

On the first Lord's day, at the mouth of a river since 
known as Williams River, they rested, and he preached 
from Lamentations i. 18: "The Lord is righteous, for I 
have rebelled against his commandment: hear, I pray you, all 
■people, and behold my sorrow : my virgins and my young men 
are gone into captivity!' 

On arriving at the mouth of White River, Rouville 
divided his force into several parties, and they took dif- 
ferent routes to the St. Lawrence. Williams's party as- 
cended White River, and, passing the highlands, struck 
Winooski, or Onion, then called French River, and, pro- 
ceeding down that stream to Lake Champlain, continued 
on the lake to Missisque Bay, near which they joined a 
party of Indians on a hunting excursion. Going to the 
Sorel, they built canoes and passed down to Chamblee, 
where they found a French fort and a small garrison. 
Their route was then continued to the village of Sorel, 
where some of the captives had already arrived. Williams 
was thence conveyed down the St. Lawrence to the Indian 
village of St. Francis, where, as well as at other places, 
great efforts were unsuccessfully made to compel him to 
conform to the ceremonies of the Catholics. One of his 
Indian masters forcibly pulled him "by Head and Shoul- 
ders out of the Wigwam to the Church," to attend Mass. 



256 CLASS OF 1683. 

He ineffectually tried to make him kiss a crucifix, with 
the threat that he would dash out his brains with his 
hatchet if he refused. 

Eight weeks after he left Deerfield he arrived at Mont- 
real. Governor Vaudreuil redeemed him. He took him 
to his own house and table, enabled him to see some of 
his children, and made great exertions to redeem them. 
After several weeks he was ordered to Quebec, where he 
had further religious persecutions, as well as tempting 
offers, in case he "would stay among them & be of their 
Religion." He was told he might have "all his children 
if he would comply, and must never expect to have them 
on any other terms." He was permitted to visit various 
places on the St. Lawrence, and in his interviews with the 
French Jesuits he found them zealously attached to the 
Roman Catholic religion, to which they spared no pains 
to convert him, as well as the other captives. 

Finally, October 25, 1706, Williams, with two of his 
children and fifty-four others, having been redeemed, 
sailed from Quebec in a flagship, which had been sent 
for them by Governor Dudley, and arrived at Boston 21 
November. All his captured children except Eunice, 1 

1 May 26, 1713, John Schuyler, suaded to abandon the Indians and 

of Albany, visited her among the remain among her connections. In 

Caghnawagas, or French Mohawks, 1740 she made her first visit to her 

in Canada, with a priest and an Indian brother Stephen, at Longmeadow. 

interpreter. She had recently been The next year she came again, with 

married to an Indian who was pres- her husband and two children, and 

ent. Neither Schuyler nor the priest spent several months, also visiting 

nor the interpreter could persuade her friends in Boston and elsewhere, 

her to talk with Schuyler or answer She came to Longmeadow twice 

his questions. The only words she afterwards. At various times since, 

uttered in almost two hours were her descendants have been at Deer- 

Jaghte aghte, which meant a denial, field. Of two or three families, 

Some time after the war, she with amounting in all to twenty-three per- 

her husband, both dressed in the sons, who visited the place in 1837, 

Indian costume, visited her relatives the eldest of the party, a woman, 

at Deerfield. She could not be per- stating her age to be eighty years, 



JOHN WILLIAMS. 257 

then about ten years old, were redeemed and returned to 
New England. Notwithstanding all the exertions of her 
father to effect her redemption, she remained among the 
Indians. 

November 30, nine or ten days after Williams landed 
in Boston, the town of Deerfield chose commissioners to 
go and treat with him about resettlement. There is a 
tradition, of doubtful authenticity, that about the same 
time he had a call to settle in Boston or the vicinity, 
but that he replied, "I must return and look after my 
sheep in the wilderness." Probably he had hesitated be- 
cause the salary was too small to support him comfort- 
ably. January 9, 1707, the town agreed to build him a 
house "as big as Ensign Sheldon's, and a back room as 
big as convenient"; and in 171 1 raised his salary to 
sixty pounds. 

The "Addenda" to Thomas Foxcroft's Sermon on him 
and Thomas Blowers, taken "From the Weekly News- 
Letter, No. 130, and the Weekly Journal, No. 118," 
states that "he resettled at Deerfield, willingly returning 
to his beloved Work and Friends : and continued labour- 
ing with them in all Seasons, and amidst the Difficulties 
& Troubles that attended such a Frontier-Town by the 
Indian Wars, from time to time. His Presence among 
them conduced much to the rebuilding of the Place. . . . 
And GOD dealt with him something after the manner as 
with Job ; opening the hearts of several worthy Gentlemen, 
as well as his Relations, to contribute bountifully to his 
& his Family's relief; whose Generosity must be princi- 
pally acknowledged {under GOD) in the Liberal Education 

claimed to be the granddaughter of and was employed as a missionary 
Eunice, and said that she perfectly at Green Bay, on Lake Michigan, 
remembered her grandmother. A and represented by some to be the 
great-grandson of Mrs. Williams, Dauphin, the son of Louis the Six- 
named Eleazer Williams, was edu- teenth of France, a statement which 
cated by his friends in New England, he himself believed. 

VOL. III. I7 [March 10, 1884] 



258 CLASS OF 1683. 

of his two Elder Sons, besides many other kindnesses to 
his Family. 

"He was once and again call'd by Publick Authority, to 
serve as a Chaplain, in the Expedition against Port Royal; 
and in that design'd against Canada, under General Hill 
& Admiral Walker. And to a Winter- Journey to Canada 
with Col. Stoddard for the Redemption of Captives : which 
Negotiation succeeded as to some, but not as to his own 
Daughter, who continues to this Day among the Macquas, 
a subject of Pity & Prayer." 

"The General Court allowed him two islands in Con- 
necticut River, opposite the north part of the town of 
Deerfield, now called Corse's and Smead's Islands, con- 
taining between thirty and forty acres, in consequence of 
his petitioning in behalf of the town for an extension of 
its territories. To show the continued attachment of the 
people of Deerfield to him, the town voted to provide 
him his wood at its own expense, in addition to his sal- 
ary, and to procure him the value of sixty ordinary loads 
in the year 1724-5." 

December 7, 1736, a plat of seven hundred acres of 
land, "lying south and west of and adjoining to North- 
ampton," was confirmed by the General Court, in answer 
to a petition, 14 June, 1735, to Eleazer, Stephen, and War- 
ham Williams, for themselves and in behalf of the rest of 
the children and heirs of John Williams, praying consid- 
eration "on account of the grievous Misfortunes their 
Father & Family underwent," and "also for his publick 
services to the Province, as particularly set forth." 

Williams was the first and only pastor that had been 
in Deerfield. He "wou'd sometimes say, 'It was a dan- 
gerous thing to be set in Front of New-Englands Sins.' — 
The Divine Providence that fixed his Post in one of the 
Frontier-Towns in the Province, fitted him for it by giv- 
ing him Courage, Patience & Cheerfulness of Spirit ; so 



JOHN WILLIAMS. 259 

that he was wonderfully carried thro' all the difficulties, 
distractions & dangers that he encountred." 

On Sunday, 8 June, 1729, "he preach'd on both parts 
of the day ; tho' he felt himself something heavy and 
indisposed, being but a few days before return'd from his 
Journey to Boston." The next morning he was seized 
with apoplexy, died at half-past twelve o'clock on the 
morning of Thursday, 12 June, and was buried the next 
day. A funeral sermon was preached by Nathaniel 
Chauncy, H. U. 1661. Williams was succeeded in the 
ministry by Jonathan Ashley, Y. C. 1730. 

Williams married, 21 July, 1687, Eunice, born 2 Au- 
gust, 1664, only daughter of Eleazar Mather, H. U. 1656. 
Slain, 2 March, 1704, she was interred in the burying- 
ground in Deerfield, where her gravestone, with those 
of her husband," is to be seen. Children : Eliakim, 
died young; Eleazar, born 1 July, 1688, H. U. 1708, 
absent from Deerfield when it was destroyed, and thus 
escaped captivity or death, died 21 September, 1742; 
Samuel, 4 January, 1689, a captive with his father, died 
19 June, 1713; Esther, 10 April, 1691, married Joseph 
Meacham, H. U. 1710, minister of Coventry, and died 
12 March, 1751 ; Stephen, 14 May, 1693, H. U. 1713, 
carried captive to Canada, died 10 June, 1782; Eunice, 

16 September, 1696, remained with the Indians, married 
John de Rogers, and died about 1786, aged about 90; 
Warham, 7 September, 1699, carried captive to Canada 
when four years old, H. U. 1719, minister of Waltham, 
died 22 June, 175 1 ; John, 15 January, 1704, killed by 
the Indians at the taking of Deerfield, 1704; Eliakim 
2d, died young. 

After Williams's resettlement, he married Abigail, born 

17 October, 1672, a cousin of his former wife, and daugh- 
ter of Captain Thomas Allen, or Allyn, of Windsor, Con- 
necticut. She died 21 June, 1754. Their children were: 



260 CLASS OF 1683. 

John, born 23 November, 1709, died 11 June, 17 14; 
Eliakim, 6 February, 1711; Elijah, 13 November, 1712, 
H.U. 1732, died 10 July, 1771 ; Abigail, born Septem- 
ber, 1708, married Colonel Ebenezer Hinsdale, or Hins- 
dell, H. U. 1727, then Colonel Benjamin Silliman, of 
Fairfield, Connecticut, after whose death she returned to 
Deerfield, where she died, 3 December, 178 1, and was 
buried at Hinsdale, near ( her first husband; Sarah, Sep- 
tember, 17 16, died 26 January, 1734, and was interred 
in the burying-ground in Waltham. The town book 
there says that she died 19 February, 1736-7, probably 
meaning the day she was buried. 



1. Warnings to the Unclean: a Discourse preacht at Spring- 
field Aug. 25, 1698, at the Execution of Sarah Smith. Boston. 
1699. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 64. W. 

2. God in the Camp : | Or, | The Only Way for a People | to 
Engage the Presence of | God with their | Armies. | Delivered in 
a Sermon | Preach'd before His Excellency | and General Assem- 
bly, I at a Lecture in Boston, | March 6th. 1706, 7. || Boston in 
N. E. Printed by B. Green. Sold by Samuel Gerrish at his Shop 
near the Old-Meeting-House. 1707. i6mo. pp. (2), 22. 

B, H, M, P, W. 

3. The Redeemed Captive, Returning | to Zion. | | A 

Faithful History | of | Remarkable Occurrences, | in the | Cap- 
tivity I and the Deliverance | of | Mr. John Williams ; | Minister 
of the Gospel, in Deerfield, | Who, in the Desolation which befel 
that I Plantation, by an Incursion of the French j & Indians, was 
by Them carried away, | with his Family, and his Neighbourhood, | 
unto Canada. | Whereto there is annexed a Sermon I Preached by 
him, upon his Return, at | the Lecture in Boston, Decemb. 5. 1 706. | 
On those Words, Luk. 8. 39. Return to thine | own House, and shew 
how great Things God | hath done unto thee. || Boston in N. E. 
Printed by B. Green, for Samuel Phillips, at the Brick Shop. 1707. 
sm. 8vo or i6mo. Pp. (1-4) The Dedication to Joseph Dudley, 
Esq. Captain General and Governour in Chief. . .; pp. 1-87 
The Redeemed Captive; pp. 88-104 Signal Favours to be Pub- 
lished, for the Praise of God the Giver. B, H, M, W. 



JOHN WILLIAMS. 26l 

The same. The Second Edition, pp. (6), 98. Boston : T. 
Fleet. 1720. B. 

The same. The Third Edition. As also an Appendix : Con- 
taining an Account of those taken Captive at Deerfield, February 
29, 1703-4. Of those killed after they went out of town; those 
who returned ; and of those still absent from their native Country; 
of those who were slain at that time in or near the Town ; and of 
the Mischief done by the enemy in Deerfield, from the beginning 
of its settlement to the Death of the Rev. Mr. Williams, in 1729. 
With a Conclusion to the whole, By the Rev. Mr. [Stephen] Wil- 
liams of Springfield, and the Rev. Mr. Prince of Boston. Boston, 
S. Kneeland. 1758. sm. 8vo. pp. iv, 104. y/, Z?, P. 

The same. The Fourth Edition. [With] an Appendix, con- 
taining an Account of those taken Captive at Deerfield, Feb. 29, 
1703-4 ; of those killed, etc. . . . With a Conclusion to the whole 
by the Rev. Mr. Williams of Springfield, and the Rev. Mr. Prince. 
Engraving of the Old House in Deerfield inserted. Boston, 
printed ; New London, repr., T. Green. This edition is without 
date, but advertised by the printer as "Just published," in April, 
1773- B. 

The same. The Fifth Edition. [With Appendix, etc.] Bos- 
ton, John Boyle. 1774. 8vo. pp. 70. B, W. 

The same. The Fifth Edition. New-London, reprinted, T. 
Green, n. d. [1780?] 8vo. B. 

The same. The Fourth Edition, with Additions. i2mo. 
Greenfield, Mass. T. Dickman. 1793. [With the Sermon,] 
also, An Appendix by Rev. Mr. Williams, of Springfield. Like- 
wise, an Appendix, by the Rev. Mr. [John] Taylor, of Deerfield. 
With a conclusion to the whole, by the Rev. Mr. Prince of Bos- 
ton. "Mr. Taylor's valuable Appendix (pp. 121-151) includes 
an account of the Full Fight, of May, 1676." B. 

The same. The Sixth Edition. Boston: S. Hall. 1795. 
8vo. B. 

The same. The Sixth Edition, with Additions. Greenfield, 
T. Dickman. 1800. i2mo. B. 

"Contains the Rev. Robert Breck's Century Sermon, at Spring- 
field, Oct. 16, 1775, in commemoration of the burning of the town 
by the Indians." 

The same. [Reprinted, apparently from the Fifth Edition ; 



262 CLASS OF 1683. 

with Taylor's Appendix, etc.] New Haven : Wm. W. Morse. 
1802. i2mo. B. 

The same. The Second Edition. Greenfield. 1834. 24mo. 

A. 

4. The Captivity and deliverance of Mr. John Williams . . . 
of Deerfield, and Mrs. Mercy Rowlandson of Lancaster, . . . 
Written by themselves. Brookfield : Hori Brown. 1811. pp. 116. 
8vo. B y M, W. 

5. In 1728 he preached the Annual Convention Sermon, but 
probably it was not printed. 

6. A I Serious Word | to the | Posterity | of | Holy Men ; | 

Calling upon them | to | Exalt their Fathers God. | | Being 

the Abstract of a Number of | Sermons preached, | By John Wil- 
liams. || Boston, New-England: Printed by B. Green. 1729. 
8vo. pp. (4), 60. H, M, P. 

Williams also left Manuscripts on several subjects. 

Authorities. — R. Dickinson, 138. S. Judd, and L. M. Boltwood, 
Description of Deerfield, 7. S. G. History of Hadley, 272, 279. S. Ken- 
Drake, Biography and History of dal, Century Sermon at Weston, 16, 
the Indians of North America, 32^ 17. Massachusetts House Journals, 
E. A. and G. L. Duyckinck, Cyclo- 1735, June J 4; 1737, May 30, June 1, 
paedia of American Literature, i. 70. December 20. New England Histori- 
B. B. Edwards, in American Quar- cal and Genealogical Register, v. 26 ; 
terly Register, x. 261, 268. History vi. 74. New England Weekly Jour- 
of Dorchester, 498. J. Fessenden, nal, No. 118, 1729, June 23. S. Niles, 
Sermon preached in the Hearing of History of the Indian and French 
several Indians. . . . Supposed to be Wars, in the Massachusetts Histori- 
the Descendants of Eunice Williams, cal Society's Collections, xxvi. 252. 
. . . Aug. 27. 1837. T. Foxcroft, Eli T. Packard, History of the Churches 
the Priest Dying Suddenly : A Ser- and Ministers in Franklin County, 
mon at the Thursday Lecture, June 124. S. Penhallow, History of the 
19, 1729, upon the Occasion of the Wars of New-England with the East- 
Sudden Death of the Reverend Mr. em Indians, 11. J. Savage, Genea- 
John Williams, . . . And of the Rev- logical Dictionary, iv. 563. W. B. 
erend Mr. Thomas B. Blowers. J. G. Sprague, Annals of the American 
Holland, History of Western Massa- Pulpit, i. 214. J. Williams, Re- 
chusetts, i. 148; ii. 355. E. Hoyt, An- deemed Captive Returning to Zion. 
tiquarian Researches, or Indian Wars, S. W. Williams, Genealogy and His- 
186. T. Hutchinson, History of the tory of the Family of Williams, 50, 
Province of Massachusets-Bay, ii. 92. 



WILLIAM WILLIAMS. 263 

WILLIAM WILLIAMS. 

Born 1665, died 1741, aged 76. 

Rev. William Williams, M. A., of Hatfield, Massa- 
chusetts, born at Newton, i February, 1665, was third 
son and fourth child of Captain Isaac Williams and 
Martha, daughter of Deacon William Parke, of Roxbury. 
On a salary of seventy pounds he became minister of 
Hatfield in 1685, or it may have been in 1686, as successor 
of Nathaniel Chauncy, H. U. 1661. 

Jonathan Edwards, in his Funeral Sermon, says he was 
"a Person of uncommon natural Abilities, and distin- 
guished Learning, a great Divine, of very comprehensive 
Knowledge, and of a solid accurate Judgment. Judicious- 
ness and Wisdom were eminently his Character. He was 
one of eminent Gifts, qualifying him for all Parts of the 
Work of the Ministry; and there appeared a Savour of 
Holiness, in his Exercise of those Gifts, in publick and 
private!' 

"In his publick Ministry, he mainly insisted on the 
most weighty and important Things of Religion ; he was 
eminently an evangelical Preacher ; evangelical Subjects 
seemed to be his Delight: Christ was the great Subject 
of his Preaching; and he much insisted on those Things 
that did nearly concern the Essence and Power of Religion ; 
and had a peculiar Faculty of judiciously and clearly han- 
dling the Doctrines he insisted on, and treating properly 
whatever Subject he took in Hand. . . . His Subjects 
were always weighty, and his Manner of treating them 
peculiarly happy, shewing the Strength and Accuracy of 
his Judgment, and ever breathing forth the Spirit of Piety, 
and a deep sense of the Things he deliver'd, on his Heart. 
His Sermons were none of them mean, but were all solid, 
wise Composures. His Words were none of them vain, 



264 CLASS OF 1683. 

but all were weighty. . . . His Presence and Conversation 
. . . did peculiarly command Awe and Respect ', yet it was 
at the same time humble and condescending." 

Benjamin Colman, in his Preface to Williams's Great 
Salvation, says: "The Intelligent Reader will easily per- 
ceive how great a Master the Author is in practical Preach- 
ing, and how well studied and experienc'd he is in the 
Great Doctrines of our Holy Religion; and with what 
Art and Labour he adapts his Studies to the Glory of 
God, and the Good of Souls, God . . . hath truly given 
him the Tongue of the Learned, to divide to every one 
his Portion, to please and profit, convince, perswade and 
direct. . . . The Pages are here crouded, so that the Reader 
will find very much in a little room, and indeed many 
heads in a few lines. The Gold may be gather'd in Ingots, 
and does not lye scatter'd in dust, nor beaten into leaves." 

Charles Chauncy, H. U. 1721, wrote to President 
Stiles: "I have read all Mr. Stoddard's Writings, but 
was never able to see in them that strength of genius 
some have attributed to him. Mr. Williams of Hatfield, 
his son-in-law, I believe to have been the greater man, 
and I am ready to think greater than any of his own sons, 
though they were all men of more than common under- 
standing." 

In regard to Williams's family there is much obscurity 
and uncertainty. The -statement, often made, that Wil- 
liams's first wife was Elizabeth, born 13 August, 1665, 
who died 7 August, 1698, daughter of the Reverend 
Seaborn Cotton, H. U. 1651, cannot be true; for in 
1688 this Elizabeth married the Reverend James Ailing, 
of Salisbury, who died 3 March, 1695; and 14 March, 
1697, she married the Reverend Caleb Cushing, H. U. 
1692, Alling's successor, who died 25 January, 1752. It 
is also stated that Williams married Christian, born 23 
August, 1676, daughter of the Reverend Solomon Stod- 
dard, H. U. 1662 ; but Christian was Stoddard's son, not 



WILLIAM WILLIAMS. 265 

daughter. The children may have been : ( I.) William, born 
30 April, died 5 May, 1687 ; (2.) William, 1 1 May, 1688, 
of Weston, H. U. 1705, married Hannah, daughter of 
Solomon Stoddard, and had nine children; (3.) Martha, 
10 October, 1690, married Edward Partridge ; (4.) Elisha, 
16 August, 1694, H. U. 171 1, Rector of Yale College, 
married Eunice Chester, and died 29 August, 1741 ; 
(5.) Solomon, 4 June, 1700, minister of Lebanon, Con- 
necticut, H. U. 17 19, married Mary Porter, and was father 
of William, signer of the Declaration of Independence; 
(6.) Elizabeth, 1 June, 1707, married Samuel Barnard, of 
Salem; (7.) Israel, 30 November, 1709, of Hartford, 
Connecticut, H.U. 1727, married Sarah Chester, and died 
10 January, 1788; (8.) Dorothy, 20 June, 1713, married 
the Reverend Jonathan Ashley, of Deerfield, Massachu- 
setts, Y. C. 1730, and died September, 1805. 

It is stated that Williams, his son Solomon, his grand- 
son Eliphalet, and his great-grandson Solomon, all 
preached sermons on the fiftieth anniversary of their re- 
spective ordinations. 



1. MDCLXXXV. I I Cambridge Ephemeris | An | Al- 
manack I Of I The Ccelestial Motions, For the Year | Of the 
Christian ^Era, | 1685. I Being from 

Creation of the World 5634 

Floud of Noah 3978 

The < Suffering of Christ 1652 

Laying found, of Harv. Co. 43 

v Leap year (in our account) 2 

Whose Vulgar Notes are 
Golden Number 14 ( \ 

Cycle of the Sun 14^ K^ ^. . 4 

Dominical Letter D ( J Numb ' Direct,on 2 9 

Calculated for 315 degr. Longitude. And | Latitude 42 degr. 

30 min. North. | | By W. Williams Philopatr. || Cambridge, 

Printed by Samuel Green for the Year 1685. sm. 8vo or i6mo. 

M. 



266 CLASS OF 1683. 

Concerning the Rainbow, the writer states: "The Rainbow is 
described, the Image of a many coloured bow appearing in a dark, 
uneven, hollow and dewie cloud, caused by the reflection of the 
Suns beams opposite to it. 

"The Reason why the Image of the Sun does not appear as it 
does in a Parelius is, because the cloud is uneven, and by reason 
of its scituation, but it appears round because the cloud is concave, 
and likewise because the Rays of the Sun falling on the middle of 
the cloud, they gather themselves to equal Angles. . . . 

"Whether or no there was any existence of Rainbows before 
the Floud is a Question ? answered by some Affirmatively by some 
Negatively ; 

"But the Affirmative voice seems to be most clear and rational ; 
For since these bows are grounded on nature as much as a Parelius, 
Parasalene or any such like object : we must either assert that na- 
ture was supernaturally hindred in its operations (in that respect) 
till after the floud which is unreasonable, Or else must maintain 
that a suitable cloud never opposed the sun and gave occasion for 
a Rainbow till after the Floud, which cannot, but be accounted 
very strange, no lesse then 16 hundred years intervening between 
those two JEraes : — As for that of Genesis. 9. It may imply that 
God never set his bow in the clouds for a token of a covenant ere 
that time. And if it should be asked why the Allmighty chose 
the Rainbow, and not anyother Celestial appearance, (if a reason 
might be attempted) we should say (as Dr. Brown in his Phseud- 
Epid. p. 246) because most proper for the signification intended 
thereby : Thunder and Lightning had too much terror, to have 
been tokens of mercy ; Comets appeared too seldom to put us in 
mind of a Covenant to be remembred oft : and might rather sig- 
nifye that the world should be once destroyed by fire then never 
again by water : Thus the learned Doctor, which (together with 
what precedes and follows) whether satisfactory or no we know 
not yet trust it cannot be offensive unto any : 

" According to Syr. Look upon the Rainbow, and praise him 
that made it." 

In the margin of the page from which the preceding extract is 
made, Judge Sewall wrote this "Note. The Magistrates had 
each of y m an Almanack given by iMr. Jn° Cotton Fellow Jan r 1 : 
and Friday Jan r 2. 1684-5 tnat glorious Rainbow was seen." 

The last page of the Almanac is "Concerning the nature of 



WILLIAM WILLIAMS. 267 

Comets &c," which the writer states "are judged by many ex- 
cellent Philosophers to be Meteors, whose matter is an Exhalation, 
hot and dry, fat and clammy ; drawn by vertue of the heavenly 
bodies into the highest part of the Air, (and sometimes into the 
Starry region) where it is closely conglutinated into a great Lump, 
by reason of supply that it hath from below, so long as there is a 
working to exhale : and being thus compacted, it is set on fire in 
convenient time by the excessive heat of the place where it resteth: 
Sometimes they continue burning long, sometimes but a little time, 
seven dayes is reckoned to be the least, whereas some have con- 
tinued 6 months and more, all which commeth to pass by reason 
of the paucity or plenty of the matter whereof it consisteth. 

"The chiefest objections against this opinion seem to me to be 
two. The one is the greatness and duration or long continuance 
of Comets sometimes. The other objection is grounded upon the 
place of the Comets existence sometimes, it being found to be 
above the Moon. 

"As for the first objection (which might have been made two) 
Certain it is that a spoonfull of water will yield a vapor an 100 
times as big as to its dilation, and since so why may not the like 
be rationally asserted of fumes or earthy exhalations, that tho' in 
themselves they may be very large yet originally very small : and 
if this is considered we need not wonder that the earth yields so 
much of exhalations as to cause such vast beings as Comets are 
and yet to the eye loose nothing of its bigness. 

"As for the other objection; all the answer I shall give to it, 
may be seen in tendring to consideration these two things. 

"1. That after Comets are above the highest region of the air, 
or the Moon yet they are under the starry heaven which hath an 
attractive power. 2. That the nature of place aboue the Moon is 
falsly conceived of, if imagined to be really different from place 
below the Moon, Now if thus why may not Comets ascend above 
the Moon as well as up to the Moon." M. 

2. "Danger of not Reforming Known Evill." [1707.] P*. 

3. A Painful Ministry | The | Peculiar Gift of the Lord | of 
the I Harvest | To | be Sought by Prayer, | and Acknowledged 
with I Thankfulness. | Shewn in | A Sermon at the Ordination 
of I Mr. Stephen Williams, | To the Office of Pastor of a | Church 
in Springfield, | October 17th. 1716. | . . . Boston: Printed by B. 
Green. 17 17. i6mo. pp. 25. M, P. 



268 CLASS OF 1683. 

4. The Great | Salvation | Revealed and Offered | in the I 
Gospel I Explained, and an hearty | Acceptance of it Urged : | In 
Several Sermons | On Hebrews. II. 3. || Boston, Printed by T. 
Crump, for S. Gerrish, and D. Henchman, and Sold at their Shops. 
1717. i2mo. Pp. i-vii To the Reader. Benjamin Colman ; 
p. (1) Advertisement; pp. 1-194 Text; p. (1) Errata; pp. 1-8 
Contents. P. 

5. The Honour | of | Christ Advanced | by the | Fidelity of 
Ministers | and | Their being received as sent | by Him. | A Ser- 
mon Preach'd at Westfield, | at the Ordination of the Reverend, | 
Mr. Nehemiah Bull, | October 26. 1726. || Boston in New-Eng- 
land: Printed by B. Green. 1728. 8vo. pp. 22. P. 

6. A Plea for God, | and | An Appeal to the Consciences | of 
a I People j Declining in Religion. | A Sermon | Preach'd before 
His Excellency the | Governour, Council and ] Assembly of the 
Province of the | Massachusetts-Bay in New England, | May 27th. 
1719. I Being the Day for the Election | of His Majesty's Council 
there. || Boston : Printed by B. Green, Printer to His Excellency 
the Governour & Council, for Daniel Henchman at his Shop. 
1 7 19. 8vo. pp. 42. A, H y M, P. 

7. The I Great Concern of Christians, | And Especially of | 
Ministers, | To Preserve the | Doctrine of Christ | in its Pu- 
rity. I Shewed in | A Sermon | Preached at Watertown, | June 11. 
1723. I At the Ordination | Of the Reverend | Mr. Warham Wil- 
liams, I Pastor of the Church in the Western | Precinct in said 
Town. || Boston: Printed by S. Kneeland. 1723. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. pp. 1-28. A, H, M, P. 

8. The I Great Duty | of Ministers | To Advance the King- 
dom of I God. And their Comfort in | Fellow-helpers to this 
Work. I A Sermon | Preached at the Annual Con- | vcntion of 
A4inisters at | Boston, May 26. 1726. || Boston: Printed by S. 
Kneeland and T. Green, for S. Gerrish & D. Henchman, and Sold 
at their Shops. 1726. 8vo. pp. 1-28. A, II, M, P. 

9. An I Essay | To Prove | The Interest of the | Children | of | 
Believers | In the Covenant. | And the Obligations | of both Par- 
ents and Chil- | dren, arising from thence. | As it was shewn from 
Acts II. 38, 39. I ... I With a Preface by sundry Ministers. || 
Boston: Printed in the Year 1727. sm. Svo or i6mo. pp. (4), 
viii, 42. 

10. The Death of a Prophet | Lamented | and | Improved, | in 



WILLIAM WILLIAMS. 269 

a I Sermon | Preach'd at Northampton, | Feb. 13. 1729. | On the 
Day of the Interment of the | Reverend, Pious & Learned, | Mr. 
Solomon Stoddard | their Pastor, who departed this Life | Feb. 11. 
/Etatis 86 I And now Publish'd at their Desire. || . . . | Boston 
N E Printed by B. Green, for D. Henchman in Cornhill, J. Phil- 
lips and T. Hancock, near the Town Dock. 1729. 8vo. pp. 
1-28. H,M,P. 

11. The I Work of Ministers | And the | Duty of Hearers, | 
asserted and enforced, | In a | Sermon | Preached at Deerfield, 
Novemb. 8. 1732. | Upon the Ordination of | Mr. Jonathan 
Ashley, I a Pastor to the Church there. || Boston in New-England : 
Printed in the Year 1733. 8vo. pp. 1-26. A, M, P. 

12. An Introduction to the Ordination of John Sargent, Aug. 
31, 1735. (Printed at page 28 of N. Appleton's Ordination Ser- 
mon.) H, M, P. 

13. The I Duty and Interest of a People, [ among whom | Re- 
ligion has been planted, | to | Continue Stedfast and Sincere | in 
the I Profession and Practice of it. | From | Generation to Gen- 
eration. I With Directions for such as are | Concerned to obtain a 
true Repentance and | Conversion to God — Preach'd at a Time 
of J General Awakenings. | . . . | To which is added, | Part of a 
large Letter from the Rev. | Mr. Jonathan Edwards of North- 
ampton. I Giving an Account of the late wonderful Work | of 
God in those Parts. || Boston N. E. Printed and Sold by S. 
Kneeland and T. Green, over against the Prison in Queen Street. 
1736. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. viii, 1204-38 + 19. Preface, i- 
viii ; Text, I- 120. H, P. 

The Directions have a separate title-page and folios, 1-38, and 
the Appendix of Edwards has folios 1-19. 

The same. The Second Edition. Boston. 1738. pp. 1-23. 

P. 

Authorities. — A. B. Davenport, land Historical and Genealogical 

Supplement to the Davenport Fam- Register, vii. 345; viii. 321, 323; 

ily, 186. B. B. Edwards, in Ameri- ix. 114; x. 155; xiv. 138. J. Savage, 

can Quarterly Register, x. 262, 272. Genealogical Dictionary, i. 464 ; iv. 

J. Edwards, Sermon on his Death. 201, 560. W. B. Sprague, Annals of 

[C. Ewer,] Genealogy of the Family the American Pulpit, i. 207. C. and 

of Anthony Stoddard, 5. F. Jack- E. W. Stoddard, Anthony Stoddard, 

son, History of the Early Settlement of Boston, and his Descendants, 8. 

of Newton, 440. S. Judd, History of S. W. Williams, Genealogy and His- 

Hadley, with Family Genealogies by tory of the Family of Williams, 159. 
L. M. Boltwood, 93, 603. New Eng- 



CLASS OF 1684. 

John Denison, Samuel Myles, 

John Rogers, Nehemiah Walter, 

Gurdon Saltonstall, Joseph Webb, 

Richard Wensley, Edward Tompson, 

Benjamin Rolfe. 



QUESTION ES 

PRO MOBVLO B1SCVTIENBM, 

Sub Reverendo 
CRESCENTIO MATHERO 

Collegii Harvardini Cantabrigicz 
Nov-Anglorunt RECTORE, 

PER INCEPTORES IN ARTIBUS, IN COMITIIS 

PRIDIE NONARUM JULII. 

M.DC.LXXXVII. 

AN Extensio eripiat cogitandi facul- 
tatem? 
Negat Respondens Johannes Denisonus. 

An Vmbra moveat? 

Negat Respondens Johannes Rogersius. 

An Puncta Hebrcza sint divince originis ? 

Affirmat Respondens Gurdonus Saltonstallus. 



JOHN DENISON. 2JI 

An Curatio per pidverem sympatheticum 
sit licita ? 

Affirmat Respondens Samuel Myles. 

An Detur Lapis aurificus? 

Affirmat Respondens Nehemiah Walterus. 

An Detur forma substantialis ? 

Negat Respondens Josephus Webb. 

An Successio sit de essentia durationis 
create ? 

Affirmat Respondens Benjamin Rolfe. 
[Julii, 6. 1687.] 



JOHN DENISON. 

Died 1689, aged 23. 



John Denison, M. A., of Essex, was born at Chebacco 
(now Essex) in Ipswich, where he died 14 September, 1689, 
in the twenty-fourth year of his age, "Pastor Elect of the 
First Church, ... a very Learned, ingenious Young Gen- 
tleman, and an excellent Preacher, very greatly Beloved 
and Lamented." He was the son of the Reverend John 
Denison, of Ipswich, who married Martha, daughter of 
Deputy-Governor Symonds, and grandson of Major- 
General Daniel Denison, of Ipswich, who married Pa- 
tience, daughter of Governor Dudley. The will of the 
grandfather, who died about two years before the graduate, 
is printed in the New England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register, viii. 23. It is dated 18 July, 1673. After 



272 CLASS OF 1684. 

the death of his wife he gives to this grandchild John his 
"farme at Chebacco, where he was borne, with all the im- 
plements of husbandry : also four & an half acres of marsh 
at Plum Island, lying against Grape Island, layd out at 
the right of the farme house." 

The graduate was fitted for college at the Ipswich gram- 
mar school under Thomas Andrews. In the year 1683-4 
he was one of the scholars of the house, and received ten 
pounds from the Pennoyer Fund. April 5, 1686, he en- 
gaged to preach one quarter of the time, as helper to Wil- 
liam Hubbard, H. U. 1642, and the next year one third 
of the time; but he was never ordained. In Cotton 
Mather's Boston Lecture on Elizabeth Cotton, it is stated 
that he was "a Young Gentleman of Uncommon Accom- 
plishments and Expectations ; of whom the Church of 
Ipswich hoped, Under his shadow we shall sit many Tears ! 
and he was a Pastor to them ; of whose Fruit they tasted 
with an Uncommon satisfaction." He left a widow, 
Elizabeth, born 15 September, 1668, sister of his class- 
mate Gurdon Saltonstall, and only daughter of Nathaniel 
Saltonstall. An only child, born 20 March, 1689-90, 
after his father's death, was John Denison, H. U. 17 10. 
The widow married Rowland Cotton, H. U. 1685. 

Authorities. — American Quar- History of Ipswich, 22 ; Centennial 

terly Register, vii. 249, 258. H.Boncl, Discourse, 26 ; and Pastor's Jubilee, 

Memorials of Watertown, 922. Bos- 95. C. Mather, etc., on Elizabeth 

ton News-Letter, 1724, December 10; Cotton, 24, 28, 31. New England 

1726, July 14. J. B. Felt, History of Historical and Genealogical Register, 

Ipswich, Essex, and Hamilton, 93, i. 165; vi. 69 ; vii. 305 ; viii. 23. J. 

233. Harvard College Corporation Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 

Records, i. 65 ; iii. 83. D. T. Kim- 37 ; iv. 7. W. B. Sprague, Annals 

ball, Sketch of the Ecclesiastical of the American Pulpit, i. 149. 



JOHN ROGERS. 273 

JOHN ROGERS. 

Born 1666, died 1745, aged 79. 

Rev. John Rogers, M. A., of Ipswich, born at Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts, 7 July, 1666, was oldest son of 
President John Rogers, H. U. 1649, and graduated the 
year that his father died. He was undoubtedly fitted for 
college under Thomas Andrews, at the Ipswich grammar 
school, of which he was subsequently one of the feoffees. 

About the year 1687 he declined a request to "come, 
live and labor" at Dedham, in the office of the Christian 
ministry. March 9, 1686, he and his cousin and class- 
mate Denison were desired to assist their uncle, William 
Hubbard, H. U. 1642, the minister of Ipswich, their 
native place. They appear to have rendered the assist- 
ance till Denison's death, 14 September, 1689. 

December 24, 1689, an offer of land was made to 
Rogers in case of settlement, but there was a misunder- 
standing between him and the people about it, and he 
was not ordained till 12 October, 1692. August 13, 
1702, Hubbard being unable to preach, Rogers, at the 
request of the Church, agreed to carry on the whole work 
of the ministry till suitable help could be obtained. 
Jabez Fitch, H. U. 1694, was ordained colleague 24 Oc- 
tober, 1703, and Hubbard died 14 September, 1704. 

November 24, 1698, the House of Representatives of 
Massachusetts voted to Rogers "ten pounds money" 
"for his good service in the capacity of a Chaplain w th 
Wait Winthrop, and Penn Townsend Esqrs. to New 
York in their late journey thither in the service of this 
Province." 

December 5, 1705, "The Legislature ordered two 
pamphlets, sent them by John Rogers and John Rogers, 

VOL. III. l8 [March 14, .E84.] 



274 CLASS OF 1684. 

Jr., to be burnt by the common hangman, near the whip- 
ping-post in Boston. There can be little doubt but that 
one of these individuals was the Rev. Mr. Rogers of 
Ipswich, and the other the Rev. Mr. Rogers of Boxford 
and afterwards of Leominster. What the pamphlets were, 
which gave so great offence, is not related, though it is 
likely, that they were upon the opposition which the 
House was making to Her Majesty's instructions to the 
Governor, about his salary and other topics, which pro- 
duced much excitement." Notwithstanding this, he 
preached the Election Sermon in the following May. 

October, 1726, he " writes to his people that he had 
served them thirty-seven years, had lost by having his 
salary in depreciated bills, had sold one portion and an- 
other of his estate, and mortgaged the remainder to make 
up the deficiency of maintenance for his family; had said 
nothing to his parish about his condition, and wished to 
live in love with them and die in peace." "His congre- 
gation immediately vote[d] him £100 to clear his prop- 
erty from incumbrance." In 1733 his people granted him 
£40 to repair his house. 

He was one of the sixty inhabitants of Ipswich to 
whom the General Court, in January, 1735, granted six 
miles square, now known as New Ipswich, New Hamp- 
shire. He died of paralysis, 28 December, 1745, in the 
eightieth year of his age. 

Samuel Wigglesworth's Funeral Sermon states that "he 
was bless'd with a clear Apprehension, and sound Judg- 
ment; was of a thoughtful and inquisitive Temper of 
Mind: In the diligent Improvement of which natural 
Advantages, thro' the Blessing of God, he acquired much 
valuable Knowledge. . . . Christ was pleased to make him 
a wise Steward of the sacred Mysteries of the Gospel ; of 
those Truths of Revelation, that concern the Salvation of 
Men : Of which, his so accurately handling the cardinal 



JOHN ROGERS. 275 

Doctrines of Religion in his Discourses from the Pulpit, 
is an incontestible Proof. . . . We have all reason to think 
him to have been as eminent for Piety, as Learning-, as 
great a Christian, as a Divine. Those that were most ac- 
quainted with him, are best satisfied, that he preach'd the 
Truths of Religion by his Practice. . . . Hence, tho' he 
was remarkably entertaining and pleasant in his Convers- 
ing; yet they were chiefly such Persons as had a relish 
for pure and spiritual Things, who took Pleasure in him. 
. . . God had given him a conspicuous Degree of that Pru- 
dence, which is so necessary to the well managing and ad- 
ministring the Affairs of Christ's Houshold ; the happy 
Effects whereof this Flock of the Lord have been sensi- 
ble of, in the Order and Peace they have enjoy'd under 
his pastoral Care." "It was not an infirm, decrepid and 
super-annuated old Age, but a robust, active and useful 
one: Whereby he was enabled to labour in the Word and 
Doctrine to the last, and quit the stage of Life in Action." 

Charles Chauncy, H. U. 1721, classes him among the 
learned, "pious, humble, prudent, faithful and useful 
men in their day." 

March 4, 1691, he married Martha, daughter of Wil- 
liam Whittingham, H.U. 1660, and had John, born [9 
January, 1692, H. U. 171 1, minister of Kitterv ; Martha, 
20 November, 1694; Mary; W T illiam, 19 June, 1699; 
Nathaniel, 22 September, 1701, H. U. 172 1, minister of 
Ipswich, ordained, 18 October, 1727, colleague with his 
father; Richard, 2 December, 1703; Elizabeth, 1705, 
died young; Daniel, 28 July, 1707, H.U. 1725, min- 
ister of Exeter; Elizabeth, twin with Daniel, married 
Francis Cogswell, H.U. 171 8; and Samuel, 31 August, 
1709, H. U. 1725. 

WORKS. 

i. Death | The certain Wages of Sin | to the Impenitent: | 
Life I The sure Reward of Grace | to the Penitent : | Together 



276 CLASS OF 1684. 

with the only Way for | Youth | To avoid the former, and attain | 
the latter. | Delivered in three Lecture Sermons ; | Occasioned by 
the Imprisonment, Con- | demnation and Execution, of a Young | 
Woman, who was guilty of Murdering | her Infant begotten in 
Whoredom. | To which is added, | An Account of her Manner of 
Life & Death, | in which the Glory of Free Grace is desplayed. || 
Boston: Printed by B. Green, and J. Allen, for Samuel Phillips at 
the Brick Shop. 1701. nmo. Pp. (1 -3) Preface. William Hub- 
bard ; pp. (1—7) Nicholas Noyes. Joseph Gerrish. Salem nth d. 
-]th m. 1701 ; pp. 1 — 1 53 Text; p. (1) Advertisement. P. 

2. A I Sermon | Preached before His Excellency, | the Gov- 
ernour, the Honoura- | ble Council, and Representatives | of the 
Province of the Massachusetts- | Bay in New-England : | On May 
29. 1706. I Which was the Day for Election | of Her Majesties 
Council I for that Province. || Boston : Printed by B. Green : Sold 
by Benj. Eliot under the West end of the Town-House. 1706. 
sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 54. J, H, M. 

3. The perfect and upright Man Characteriz'd | and Recom- 
mended. I I A I Funeral Discourse | Occasioned by the Death 

of the Honourable John Appleton, Esq ; | Who deceas'd Septem- 
ber n. 1739. [ T,tatis Suae 87. | Preach'd on the Lord's-Day after 
the Interment, | September 16. || Boston. 1739- 8vo. pp. 18. 

A, M, P. 

4. July 2, 1743, being "thro' Age and Weakness of Body . . . 
unable to travel so far," he sent to the Assembly of Divines that 
was to meet July 7, the day after Commencement, ■ — the very day 
on which he entered on the 78th year of his age, and in the 54th of 
his ministry, — an Attestation in favor of the revival measures of 
Whitefield and Tennent ; which is printed in Prince's Christian 
History, i. 167-169. 

Authorities. — American Ouar- Massachusetts Historical Society, 
terly Register, vii. 240, 25S. Boston Collections, x. 70. New England 
News- Letter, 1730, January 26 ; '746, Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
January 9. J. li. Felt, History of Ips- ter, v. 148,320 ; vi. 69 ; i.\. 175. New 
wich, Essex, and Hamilton, 93, 236. England Journal, 1730, January 26. 
[A. A. Gould, and F. Kidder,] History T. Prince, Christian History, i. 167- 
of New Ipswich. 26. I). T. Kimball, 169. J. Savage, Genealogical Die- 
Sketch of the Ecclesiastical History tionary, iii. 562, 563. W. 15- Sprague, 
of Ipswich, 23, 24; and his Cenlen- Annals of the American Pulpit, i. 147. 
nial Discourse, 26; Pastor's Jubilee, S. Wigglesworth, Sermon after his 
95. A. Lamson, History of the First Funeral. 
Church and Parish in Dedham, 41, 93. 



GURDON SALTONSTALL. 277 

GURDON SALTONSTALL. 

Born 1666, died 1724, aged 58. 

Hon. and Rev. Gurdon Saltonstall, M. A., of New 
London, Connecticut, born at Haverhill, Massachusetts, 
27 March, 1666, was the eldest son of Nathaniel Salton- 
stall, H. U. 1659. He was named for Brampton Gurdon, 
the Suffolk: patriot and member of Parliament, whose 
daughter was his Grandmother Saltonstall. When he 
graduated, at the age of eighteen, he was distinguished for 
his talents and attainments, having made "vast proficiency 
in all the parts of Useful Learning & giving Early hopes 
of that future great man which he afterwards proved." 

March 23, 1684-5, he was chosen Butler of the College. 

Beginning soon after he had taken his second degree, 
in 1687, when he was twenty-one years old, he preached 
through the winter at New London. Wn May, 1688, the 
inhabitants unanimously voted to him a call, adding that, 
"on his return from Boston, whither he is shortly going, 
they will proceed to have him ordained." The vote was 
renewed, 7 June, 1689. The ordination was delayed for 
the finishing of the interior of the meeting-house. Au- 
gust 25, 169 1, "number of persons present, heads of 
families, 65," the votes of 1688 and 1689 were read and 
confirmed, and the town authorized the making of ar- 
rangements with him for the ordination. "Voted that 
the Hon le Major General John Winthrop is to appear as 
the mouth of the Town at Mr. Saltonstall's ordination, 
to declare the town's acceptance of him to the ministry." 
The ceremony took place 25 November, 1691. Assisted 
by a gratuity from the town, Saltonstall bought a lot of 
land situated on both sides of the street in the upper part 
of the town, and built a house for himself. 



278 CLASS OF 1684. 

He became a celebrated preacher, and "was early ob- 
serv'd to have a great Genius and Capacity in Public 
Affairs." He was soon known as a man of general 
knowledge and solid judgment, was consulted by magis- 
trates, clergymen, and scholars, and "invisibly made all 
his Colony to feel the Benefit of his Influences." 

In 1693 he was invited to accompany Winthrop to 
England to settle dangerous political difficulties. 

At an extra session of the Legislature of Connecticut, 
17 December, 1707, he was chosen to succeed Governor 
Fitz-John Winthrop, who had died at Boston, 27 Novem- 
ber. Four of the magistrates, the Speaker of the House, 
and three Deputies, were sent to him, with a letter request- 
ing his acceptance; and with a letter to his church and 
congregation, "acquainting them with the call, which the 
Assembly imagined Mr. S. had to leave the ministry, and 
to dispose them to submit to such a dispensation." He 
was sworn into office, 1 January, 1708. To meet his case, 
the law, which required an election of Governor to be 
made from among the candidates nominated for magis- 
trates, was at once repealed. He was re-elected by the 
people in the following May, and was annually rechosen 
as long as he lived. 

In 1709 he declined an appointment of the Assembly 
to go as their agent and present to the Oueen an address 
"praying for an armament to reduce the French in North 
America," who, instigating the Indians, often committed 
extensive depredations and barbarous murders on the fron- 
tier settlements. The meeting of the Governors of the 
several Colonies in 171 1 for planning the expedition 
against Quebec, which proved so disastrous, was held at 
Saltonstall's residence in New London. Connecticut as 
well as other Colonies became deeply involved in debt, 
and bills of credit were issued, to pay which required 
extraordinary efforts. After the peace of Utrecht, in 



GURDON SALTONSTALL. 279 

1713, relieved the Colonies of immediate danger from the 
French and Indians, new attempts were made to deprive 
Connecticut of her charter, because she was thought to 
be too independent. To avert the danger required great 
prudence and decision, as well as knowledge of the sub- 
ject. Most of the labor devolved on the Governor and 
Council ; and principally on the Governor. The result 
was successful. But the expenses, with what had been 
incurred in the Canada expeditions, could hardly be met. 
In this emergency, Saltonstall, to facilitate payments in 
England, became personally responsible, and for support- 
ing the credit of the Colony abroad received the thanks of 
the legislature. 

To relieve the necessities of Connecticut, as well as of 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island, in the great scarcity of 
grain in 17 13, he laid before the Council Board information 
which caused a stop to be put to all foreign exportation 
without a license from the Governor and Council. 

He was principally instrumental in introducing into 
Connecticut the first printing-press, and it was established 
at New London in consequence of his being a resident 
there. 

In 1716, a great alarm having been caused by the im- 
portation from South Carolina into Connecticut of Indian 
prisoners (to be sold as slaves or otherwise disposed of) 
lest they might co-operate with the Connecticut Indians, 
the Governor and Council took effectual measures to stop 
further importation and to remove those that had arrived. 

From 1720 Saltonstall's attention was occupied with an 
order from the Lords of Trade and Plantations in Eng- 
land for a map of Connecticut. 

As early as 1698 he recovered, for defamation, £600 and 
costs of court from John Rogers, of the sect of the Roger- 
enes, whose predominant trait was a determination to be 
persecuted. While sitting as chief judge of the Superior 



280 CLASS OF 1684. 

Court, Saltonstall tried to persuade them to refrain from 
molesting their neighbors, and gave his word, if they would 
forbear, and be quiet, and worship God in their own way, 
he would punish any that should disturb them in their 
worship. But their principles would not allow of com- 
promise. They occasioned much trouble year after year, 
and their attempts to disturb the peace were met with wis- 
dom and firmness. 

At the first Commencement after Yale College was re- 
moved to New Haven, he "was pleased to Grace and 
Crown the whole solemnity with an elegant Latin Ora- 
tion." At the Commencement in 1722, Timothy Cutler, 
H. U. 1701, Rector of the College, and others, declared 
for Episcopacy. So great was the fear of an introduction 
of a dangerous Episcopal influence into the affairs of the 
Colony, that, at a special meeting of the trustees in the 
following October, the jus divinum of Episcopacy was de- 
bated in presence of a large number of clergy and laity. 
Cutler was the most prominent speaker in the affirmative, 
and Saltonstall in the negative. The interests of Yale 
College were on various occasions essentially promoted 
by Saltonstall's countenance and advice, and both he and 
his wife contributed liberally to its funds. The part he 
took in enforcing the removal from Saybrook to New 
Haven, in opposition to Buckingham, H. U. 1690, led 
to the formation of a powerful party to defeat his election 
the following year. By advice of the Council, he pub- 
lished two speeches which he had made to the legislature, 
of which very erroneous accounts had been circulated. 
His party triumphed. 

The preceding details show how Saltonstall was em- 
ployed. The meetings of the Governor and Council were 
very frequent during his administration. In 1721, for 
instance, there were two at Hartford, seven at New 
Haven, and fifteen at New London. 



GURDON SALTONSTALL. 28l 

He died at noon, 20 September, 1724, of apoplexy, 
with which he was attacked at four o'clock on the after- 
noon of the 19th, before which time he was apparently in 
full health. He was buried on the 22d, with military 
honors. "The horse and foot marched in four files; 
the drums, colors, trumpets, halberts, and hilts of swords 
covered with black, and twenty cannons firing at half a 
minute's distance." After the body had been placed in 
the tomb two volleys were discharged from the fort, and 
then the military companies, first the troop, and after- 
ward the foot, "marching in single file, as each respec- 
tively came against the tomb, discharged, and so drew 
up orderly into a body as before, and dismissed." 

The Boston News-Letter, 1 October, 1724, speaks of 
him as "Just, Wise and Indulgent . . . being peculiarly 
form'd for the Benefit and Delight of Mankind; He had 
a wonderfull quickness of Tho't, and yet as Strange an 
attention and closeness, a Bright, Lively Beautifull Im- 
agination, yet a very correct Judgment, his Excellencies 
seem'd to meet in the most happy composition, his cor- 
rect Judgment prevented a wild Luxuriancy in his Fancy, 
and the beauty & easiness of that, softned the Severity of 
the other: He had a great compass of Learning, was a 
profound Divine, a Great Judge in the Lazo, and a con- 
summate Statesman; He made Excellent observations in 
Natural Philosophy, and had a peculiar Genius and Skill 
in the Mathematics ; Not to mention his lighter Studies 
in Philology, History, Geography, &c. in each of which he 
excell'd enough, to have made an other Man, very Famous: 
His Person, Mien and Aspect were equally attractive of 
Love, Esteem and Admiration ; The Superiority and 
Penetration of his great Mind, seem'd to shew them- 
selves to our very Senses, in the natural Majesty of his 
Eye, Look and Deportment, and yet a flowing Benevo- 
lence and Kindness seem'd equally visible, in the com- 



282 CLASS OF 1684. 

plaisance & easiness of them, that it was scarce possible 
for a Man that had the opportunity of Conversing with 
him, to put on ill nature enough, not to Love and Ad- 
mire him, and especially, if they saw him in the place of 
an Oratour, where the agreeableness and even Music of 
his Voice, the strength and perspicuity of his Reasons, the 
Beauty and Sprightliness of his Allusions, the easy Cohe- 
rence, genuine Relation and Connexion in his Transitions, 
the choice of his Words, and if it may be so express'd, 
Concise fulness in his Diction & Stile, the Charms in his 
Appearance, Air and Gesture, commanded the Eyes, the 
Ears, the Soul, the Whole Man, in all that were near him, 
in such a Strange and Wonderfull manner, that when he 
has sometimes spoken for Hours together, there has ap- 
peared nothing but Satisfaction, Delight and Rapture, till 
they have all complain'd, that he Left off, & Robb 'd them 
of their Happiness too soon. 

"He had, naturally, something of Warmth, in his Tem- 
per, but his Wisdom and Vertue gave him the Ascendant 
of it, so perfectly, that he could with the greatest Firmness 
and Unmoveableness, meet the highest Provocations, and not 
only Forgive, but heap kindnesses upon his Enemies. 

"He was very much Fixt, in the Establish" d Religion, of 
New-England, after a long, strict and critical Enquiry, into 
the Principles of it; yet of a most Catholick Spirit, full of 
Candour and a sincere Lover of all Good Men, tho' differing 
in some things from him. 

"He was as great a Christian as he was a Man, and 
seem'd to be Peculiarly fitted for Glory in the next World, 
as he was for Vsefuhicss and the Highest Esteem in this." 

A similar tribute is contained in the funeral sermon of 
Eliphalet Adams: "Who that was Acquainted with him 
did not Admire his Consummate Wisdom, profound Learning, 
His Dexterity in Business and Indefatigable Application. His 
Intimate Acquaintance with men and things, and his Superior 



GURDON SALTONSTALL. 283 

Genius} And what was more than all this, His Vnaffected 

Piety and Love to God 's House, PI is Exact Life and Exem- 
plary Conversation? In what part of Learning did he not 
Excel \ He had mastered every Subject that he Undertook 
and Nothing could Escape his Penetration; How Great 
did he Appear, whither in the Court or Camp ! He was 
an Oracle in the Law; And no man was better read either 
in the Agitated Controversies or the Ahstruser points of Di- 
vinity. People were wont to ask counsel of him and so 
they ended the matter." 

"Can we ever forget with what Delight we have seen 
him at the head of every weighty Affair, in Courts, in Coun- 
cils, in all manner of Conventions, and we never Despaired 
of a good Event where he had the Management. Our 
Expectations were still Outdone, however they were En- 
larged, we stood with a fix'd Attention, with our Ears 
chain'd to his Lips and Nothing grievd us but that the 
Time fail' d, and so he was under a Necessity to have done 
Speaking." "So Great & Wise & Good a man as we have 
this Day Lost is the Product of an Age." 

Cotton Mather's Essay in commemoration of him says: 
"The Colony of Connecticut was Exalted, Yea, all New 
England was brightened, while we Enjoy'd our Sal- 

TONSTALL." 

"The rare Accomplishments, both Natural and Ac- 
quired, of a Finished Gentleman, Every where commanded 
Esteem for him ; in regard whereof it might be said of 
him, When he stood among the People he was higher than any 
of the People from his shoulders and upwards. His Learning, 
His Wisdom, His Acute Penetration, His Goodness and 
Candour, and Generosity, were Ornaments which Distin- 
guished them. Over these there was the Cover of an Agree- 
able Aspect: The Silver Basket of a comely Body, carrying 
in it the Golden Apples of a well-furnished and well-dis- 
posed Soul : And a venerable Presence charming with 



284 CLASS OF 1684. 

Familiar Condescensions. We will not call him a Star, but 
even a Constellation of the most fulgid Endowments ! 

"And yet, These were his Lesser Excellencies. Unspot- 
ted Piety, Inviolate Integrity, Exemplary Humility, 
were what yet more potently bespoke for him a place 
among the Excellent of the Earth." 

11 But then, After all, the Perfect Work of Patience 
which was the Consummation of those Virtues in him ; 
that will be found unto Praise, and Honour, and Glory, at 
the Appearing of Jesus Christ. . . . The Theodosian Pru- 
dence 'and Calmness, with which he conquered Unmen- 
tionable Trials of his Patience, was that for which God is 
to be Singularly Glorified in him!' 

His first wife, Jerusha, born 28 June, 1665, daughter 
of James Richards, of Hartford, by Sarah, only child of 
William Gibbons, died at Boston, 25 July, 1697. They 
had five children. Her sister married Sir John Davie, 
H.U. 1681. 

By his second wife Elizabeth, who died in New Lon- 
don, 12 September, 17 10, the only child of William Rose- 
well, of Branford, Connecticut, he had five children. Of 
these were Rosewell, H.U. 1720; Katharine, born 19 
June, 1704, who married William Brattle, H.U. 1722; 
and Gurdon, Y. C. 1725. 

His third wife was Mary, relict of William Clarke, of 
Boston, and daughter of William and Mary (Lawrence) 
Whittingham, of Boston. An interesting account of 
her and her ancestry and relatives, probably written by 
Thomas Prince, H.U. 1707, was published in the Bos- 
ton News-Letter, 1730, January 22 ; and in the New Eng- 
land Journal of January 26 it is stated that before her 
husband's death she gave one hundred pounds to each of 
the two New England colleges; bequeathed a "Thousand 
Pounds more to this at Cambridge," for the assistance of 
two persons, who shall by the Overseers be esteemed of 



GURDON SALTONSTALL. 285 

bright parts and good diligence, (always a Dissenter,) to 
fit them for the service of the Church of Christ, those re- 
lated to her by consanguinity to be preferred, "left a very 
large Silver Bason to the South Church in Boston, of which 
she had been a long while a great Ornament; Ten Pounds 
a piece to their Pastors; Twenty Pounds to their Poor; 
and an Hundred Pounds more to the Poor of the Town; 
besides several other noble Bequeathments and Legacies 
to others ; and her Will was all written with her own 
Hand." A full account of her Lawrence ancestry and 
relatives is contained in J. Riker's Annals of Newtown. 
She died at Boston, 12 January, 1729-30. 

A portrait of Saltonstall belongs to Yale College, and 
an engraving of it is prefixed to the Biographical Sketch 
of him in the New-Enn-lander. 



A I Sermon | Preached before the | General Assembly | Of the 
Colony J of I Connecticut | At Hartford in New-England. | May 
13. 1697. j Being I The Day for Electing the Governour, | Deputy 
Governour and | Assistants, for that Colony. || Published by Au- 
thority. Boston in New England. Printed by B. Green, and J. 
Allen, for Duncan Campbel, over-against the Old Meeting-House. 
1697. Anonymous. A, H, AI. 

Harvard College Library contains Saltonstall's autograph signa- 
ture attached to a manuscript " Memorial offered to the General 
Assembly of his Majesties Colony of Connecticut holden in Hart- 
ford, May y c 10 th 1 7 16. By Gurdon Saltonstall Esq, One of the 
Feoffees in Trust of the Mohegan iMelds, in the Township of 
New London ; for the Use of Cesar, Sachem of Aaohegan, & 
his Indians, Upon the Occasion of y c s' 1 Cesars Complaint to y e 
s' 1 Assembly, of wrong done him & his Indians in and upon y e s d 
Fields." 

Authorities. — E. Adams, Fu- tory of New England (Philadelphia 

neral Discourse. T. Alden, Collec- edition), 131. H. Bond, Memorials 

tion of American Epitaphs, ii. 74; iii. of Watertown, 924. Boston News- 

132, 133. I. Backus, Church His- Letter, 1707-S, January 26; 1724, 



CLASS OF 1684. 



October 1 ; 1729-30, January 22. F. 
M. Caulkins, History of New Lon- 
don. G. W. Chase, History of Ha- 
verhill, 48, 109, 645. T. Clap, An- 
nals of Yale College, 23, 24, 26, 95, 
96. Connecticut Records (ed. C. J. 
Hoadly), iv. 105, etc. S. G. Drake, 
History and Antiquities of Boston, 
63. J. Eliot, Biographical Diction- 
ary, 415. S. A. Eliot, Sketch of the 
History of Harvard College. 169. E. 
D. Harris, Brattle Family, 33. Har- 
vard College Corporation Records, 
i. 67; iii. 85. A. Holmes. Annals of 
America, i. 535. Massachusetts His- 
torical Society, Collections, v. 207 ; 
xiv. 161, 173, 175; xxix. 123. C. 



Mather, Decus ac Tutamen. L. 
Mirick, History of Haverhill, 115. 
New England Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register, xi. 26 ; xxv. 78. 
New England Weekly Journal, 1729- 
30, January 26. New-Englander, ii. 
495. [New London] Repository, ii. 
193. B. Peirce, History of Harvard 
University, 89, 159. J. Ouincy, His- 
tory of Harvard University, i. 166, 
226-229, 420, 526. J. Riker, An- 
nals of Newtown, 2S2. J. Savage, 
Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 552 ; iv. 
7. B. Trumbull, History of Con- 
necticut, i. 431, 493; ii- 33. 38. 
R. II. Walworth, Hyde Genealogy, 
ii. in 1. 



RICHARD WENSLEY. 



Born 1664, died before 1698. 



Richard Wensley, born 18 April, 1664, was the eld- 
est child of John Wensley, of Boston, mariner, who mar- 
ried Elizabeth, born 12 November, 1641, eldest daughter 
of Deacon William and Alice (Freeman) Paddy. He was 
starred in 1698, and perhaps died immediately after gradu- 
ation. His sister Mercy, born 14 February, 1668, mar- 
ried Joseph Bridgham, Esq., and next, 8 December, 171 2, 
Thomas dishing, and died 3 October, 1740, aged 72. 
The sister Sarah, born 11 August, 1673, married, 11 July, 
1702, Isaac, son of Governor Winslow. 



Authorities. — J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, i. 250, 491 ; 111. 329; 
iv. 483. 



SAMUEL MYLES. 28/ 

SAMUEL MYLES. 

Died 1728. 

Rev. Samuel Myles, B. A. and M. A. at Oxford, 
England, in 1693, was the son of the Reverend John 
Myles, a Baptist preacher, who in 1662, having been 
ejected for non-conformity, came from Swansea, or the 
vicinity, in Wales, first formed his church in Rehoboth 
in 1663, and in 1667 removed to Swansea, or Swansey, 
the church being the oldest Baptist church established 
in Massachusetts. He died, 3 February, 1683, while 
this son, according to his will, was in college. His 
wife Ann, who survived him, may previously have been 
widow of William Palmes, and daughter of John Hum- 
frey, whose wife was the Lady Susan, sister of the Lady 
Arbella Johnson, who died a few weeks after landing at 
Salem, and daughter of Thomas Clinton, third Earl of 
Lincoln, and sister of the fourth Earl of Lincoln, the 
ancestor of the present Duke of Newcastle. 

While in college, Myles was "publicly admonished for 
speaking irreverently before the Corporation," at the same 
time that Danforth and Watson were admonished and 
Webb expelled for "abusing of y e freshmen." After 
graduation, he taught school in Charlestown, receiving, 
from 17 July, 1684, to 17 April, 1687, twenty-five 
pounds a year, besides three pounds for house rent. 
"fie must have taught as late as October, 1687, as the 
town was later obliged to pay him to that date, but he 
evidently had a controversy at the time of leaving the 
place, probably on account of his becoming an Episco- 
palian under the influence of Mr. Ratcliffe." In 1699 a 
committee was appointed to settle with him "for the 
arrears due him for keeping the school." In his receipt, 



288 CLASS OF 1684. 

March 27, 1699, for £28, he says: "I remise, release, 
and forever quitclaim ... all and all manner of action, 
suits, cause and causes of actions and suits, bills, bonds, 
writings, accounts, debts, duties, reckonings, sum and 
sums of money, controversies and demands whatsoever, 
which I . . .ever had, or which my executors or adminis- 
trators or any of us in time to come can or may have, to, 
for, or against the said Town . . . for or by reason of any 
matter, cause or thing whatsoever, from the beginning of 
the world to the day of the date hereof." 

H. W. Foote says: "There is an interval of more than 
a year between his leaving Charlestown, in 1687, and his 
connection with King's Chapel, in which he may have 
gone to England for ordination, unless, indeed, he began 
to preach for the church before receiving orders, — an 
irregularity which is perhaps implied in the attacks upon 
him, and which may have been justified by the difficulty 
of otherwise keeping the church alive in its present straits. 
This is rendered more probable by an examination of the 
weekly record of collections during the period from the 
departure of Mr. Ratcliffe to that of Mr. Myles, in July, 
1692." 

In July, 1692, Myles "took a voyage to the mother 
country," says Greenwood, "for the purpose of laying 
before the high authorities there the condition of the 
Chapel and congregation, and obtaining aid in their be- 
half." At Oxford he received the degree of Master of 
Arts in 1693. He returned in July, 1696, "having exe- 
cuted his commission in such a manner as to infuse new 
life into his congregation. He had found means so to 
interest the royal partners that they extended to the church 
their personal protection and patronage; and though 
Queen Mary died while he was in London, William III. 
continued to perform what she had engaged to do on her 
part for the adherents to the English establishment in 



SAMUEL MYLES, 289 

these distant dominions. The influence of the Bishop 
of London was no doubt the channel through which Mr. 
Myles effected his purposes. He Brought with him part 
of the gift of Quene Mary, performed By King William 
After her Decease, viz : the Church Furniture, which 
were A Cushion and Cloth for the Pulpit, two Cushions 
for the Reading Deske, A Carpet for the Alter, All of 
Crimson Damask with Silke Fringe, one Large Bible, 
two Large Common-prayer Books, Twelve Lesser Com- 
mon-prayer Bookes, Linen for the Allter ; Also two Sur- 
plices, Alter tabell, 20 y des fine damask." 

Boston, 1697. "Then received of M r Myles too great 
silver Flagons, and one silver basen, and one sallver, and 
one bowl, and one Civer, all of Silver, which was given 
to the Church by the King and Queen, and brought over 
by Cap" Foye. Received by me, Giles Dyer, Church 
Warden." 

"But a more substantial evidence still of the royal 
favor, was an annuity of one hundred pounds, for the 
support of an assistant minister at the Chapel ; though 
some subsequent events made it extremely doubtful 
whether this provision was for the real benefit of the 
cause." Dansy, the first assistant, appointed by the 
Bishop of London, died on his passage to Boston. 
White, the second assistant, was sent with Lord Bello- 
mont when he came to succeed Sir William Phips in 
the government of New England. The man-of-war in 
which they sailed was blown off to Barbados, where 
White died. Thus twice deprived of their expected min- 
ister, the church applied for another, in a letter to the 
Bishop, May 2, 1698. 

With Bellomont came from the King, through the Bishop 
of London, a valuable present of books, forming perhaps 
the best theological library in the country. It was care- 
fully deposited in boxes made for the purpose by order of 

VOL. III. I9 [March 26, iS? 4 .] 



29O CLASS OF 1684. 

the wardens, and lodged in "Mr. Myles his study, for 
the use of him, the assistant when he comes, and his or 
their successors," with an assurance from the wardens, in 
behalf of the congregation, that they would "take care 
that no abuse or imbecilement be made of them." But 
the books were in time "neglected, dispersed and abused 
in various ways, till the sad remnant was saved, by being 
deposited in the library of the Boston Athenaeum," in 
1823. 

November 21, 1698, the wardens for the third time 
apply to the Bishop of London for an assistant to Myles, 
entreating the Bishop not in the least to admit of his 
removal, "for he is well liked of all of us," say they, "a 
good liver and a painfull preacher." Christopher Bridge 
arrived as the third assistant, 4 March, 1698-9, and con- 
tinued till his removal to " Narrowgansetts," in 1706. 

Myles accompanied George Keith on some of Lis travels 
in this country in 1702 and 1703. Early in 1709, Henry 
Harris arrived, and continued till after Myles's death. 

In a letter dated 17 February, 1713—14, accompanying 
an Address to the Oueen for the establishing of bishops 
and bishoprics in the Plantations of America, Myles writes 
that the church "would increase much more under a Gov- 
ernor that was a constant communicant thereof, from 
whom we might reasonably expect all requisite protection 
and encouragement," and that Governor Joseph Dudley, 
"a member of an independent church at Roxbury, where 
his dwelling is," has communed there and not at King's 
Chapel for many years except on the preceding Christmas 
Dav, when his Excellency General Nicholson was present. 

April 15, 1723, Myles "laid the first stone att y e new- 
north church of England." 

Immediately after the return of Timothy Cutler, II. U. 
1 701, from England, in 1724, where he had been to take 
orders in the Episcopal Church, he and Myles put in a 



SAMUEL MYLES. 20,1 

claim to be admitted of right to the Board of Overseers of 
the College. Cutler was the leader in the movement. In 
1725 the officers of King's Chapel were authorized to ex- 
pend " out of the contingent charges of the church . . . for 
the purpose of maintaining" it. The Overseers rejected 
the application. The petitioners then applied to the Gen- 
eral Court, who, in August, 1727, referred the subject to 
the next session, which decided adversely to them. This 
discussion, which was warm and excited much interest in 
the community in the last days of Myles's life, was perse- 
vered in, after his death, by Cutler. 

In the summer of 1727, Myles was obliged, through 
illness, to cease from his duties at the Chapel. February 
2, 1727-8, being "in a very low and languishing Condi- 
tion," he earnestly entreated the wardens "speedily to . . . 
procure ... a Curate from England, who may Come over 
as soon as may be." He died 4 March, 1728, after a long 
indisposition and a ministry of nearly forty years. 

"To judge from the steady increase of his congrega- 
tion," writes Greenwood, "he must have been a worthy 
and pious man and an acceptable preacher. His success- 
ful mission to England shows him to have been prudent 
and energetic. He certainly was not very happy with 
either of his assistants, but the nature of the relation be- 
tween them sufficiently accounts for this ; and though he 
may have committed no aggression or wrong, he proba- 
bly maintained all his rights. He lived peaceably and 
usefully with his congregation, much of whose prosperity 
was owing to his exertions, and which continued to flour- 
ish without intermission under his equable care, till he 
was called, as we may trust, to higher services in a holier 
temple. 

"On his decease his people paid every mark of respect 
to his memory." The expenses of his funeral, about two 
hundred pounds, were defrayed by the church. " March 



292 CLASS OF 16S4. 

8 th he was buried with great ceremony. The Rev. Mr. 
Hunneyman of Rhode Island, Mr. Plant of Newbury, 
Mr. Peggot of Marblehead, Mr. McSparran of Narragan- 
sett, Mr. Miller of Braintree, and Mr. Watts were pall- 
bearers ; The Rev. Dr. Cutler led the Widow ; the Rev. 
Mr. Harris walked before the corpse and buried it. The 
corpse was also followed by his Honour the Lt.-Gov- 
ernour, and Council, the Justices, and the Dissenting 
Ministers of the Town, together with avast number ot 
p-entlemen, merchants, etc." Roarer Price was inducted 
into office as his successor, 25 June, 1729. 

Ann, the widow of the Reverend Joseph Dansv, who 
died on the way to become his assistant, "appears to have 
arrived in February, 1697, and was for a time a charge 
upon the church, to whom her helpless condition, 'a 
stranger in a strange land,' must have been perplexing. 
Before April, 1698, however, Mr. Myles married her and 
went to housekeeping, his salary being increased in con- 
sequence from £1 to £3 weekly." To her he bequeathed 
all his "Plate, Books, Wearing Apparel, Household 
Goods, of what sort soever, also Two hundred pounds in 
money, immediately to be paid after my decease; also my 
NenTO man Ambov, and the Rent of my House till it be 
sold; . . . and after the Sale of the said House, my Will 
is that she have the use of Eight Hundred pounds during 
her natural Life, or until she marry ; and after her decease 
or marriage, the said Eight Hundred pounds and all my 
other Estate to be Equally divided among the Children 
of my Nephew, John Myles, and my neices Sarah Price 
and Ann Creese, or their heirs. Item: I Give and be- 
queath all my Lands and Tenements in South Wales and 
Carmarthen Shire unto the children of my two Sisters, 
Margaret and Katharine, in South Wales, to be Equally 
divided amongst them or their Heirs. Item: I Give and 
Bequeath unto the Poor of my Church Ten Pounds. 



SAMUEL MYLES. 293 

Item: I Give and Bequeath to Thomas Palmer, the boy 
whom I brought up, Fifteen pounds to be paid unto him 
upon the Expiration of his Apprenticeship. Item : I 
Nominate and Apoint my Wife Ann, the Rev d D r . Tim- 
othy Cutler, William Price, and Thomas Creese, Jun r , 
Executors of this my Last Will and Testament." 

Mrs. Myles did not long survive her husband. March 
13, 1727-8, the congregation voted to pay her "20/ p 
Week out of the Contributions untill the Arrival of a 
Clergyman to succeed" her late husband. Her will, 
dated May 1, 1 73 1 , divides "all my household Linnen 
equally between Sarah Price and Ann Creese, and be- 
queathes £3 80, 'deducting my Funeral Charges,' to be 
divided equally between them; and 'in Case the s d Sarah 
Price shall die without Issue, Male or female,' then the 
said sum to return immediately to the children of Ann 
Creese, to be divided equally. To Mrs. Creese she left 
all her household goods, with her wearing apparel ; to her 
godson Thomas Creese, her silver Tankard and the re- 
mainder of her Plate ; and to her goddaughter, Anne 
Creese, ,£200." 

WORKS 

A Fun Serm on Mrs Eliz Riscarrick, a Psal. 39. 4. io br 28. 98. 

P*. 

Authorities. — American Quar- G. Keith, Journal, 2, 17. Massachu- 

terly Register, vii. 55. I. Backus, setts House Journal, 1727, August 25, 

Church History of New England December 19, 27 ; 1727-8, January 1 1. 

(Philadelphia ed.), 93. D. Benedict, Massachusetts Historical Society, 

General History of the Baptist De- Collections, iii. 259; vii. 217. C. 

nomination in America, 405, 406. Mather, Magnalia, III. xi. 7. New 

Cambridge Chronicle, 1855, Septem- England Historical and Genealogical 

ber 8. Collections of the Protestant Register, i. 134; vii. 53; xv. 19S. 

Episcopal Society, i. 127. S. G- B. Peirce. History of Harvard Uni- 

Drake, History and Antiquities of versity, 165. J. Ouincy, History 

Boston, 471, 567. H. W. Foote, of Harvard University. J. Savage, 

Annals of Kind's Chapel. F. W. P. Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 496. 552 ; 

Greenwood, History of King's Chapel, iii. 259. 



294 CLASS OF 1684. 

NEHEMIAH WALTER. 

Born 1663, died 1750, aged 86. 

Rev. Nehemiah Walter, M. A., of Roxbury, was 
born in December, 1663, at Youghall, in Ireland, where 
he received the rudiments of his early education, and made 
such proficiency in Latin that at the age of thirteen he was 
"capable of readily conversing in it." His father, Thomas 
Walter, a lawyer, from Lancashire, England, had settled 
in Youghall. About the year 1679, "when the Prevalence 
of Popery greatly threatned Ireland" he emigrated to New 
England, bringing this son with him. By virtue of a let- 
ter from the Congregational Church in Youghall, he was 
admitted to the Second Church in Boston, 2 November, 
1680. 

In 1674, the son was put by his father to learn the trade 
of an upholsterer ; " but it was found, his Genius lay quite 
another Way, and inclined him wholly to Letters!' He 
was placed with Master Cheever to be prepared for col- 
lege ; but he, "upon a short Examination and Experi- 
ment, return'd him to his Father, with a great Encomium, 
pronouncing him . . . abundantly furnish'd to enter upon 
Academical Studies." 

John Cotton, H. U. 1678, his Tutor, always mentioned 
his " Name with peculiar Affection and Respect, and wou'd 
frequently take occasion to speak of his singular Progress 
in Learning while a Student at Cambridge!' 

July 12, 168 1, he was chosen one of the "scholars of 
the house." December 5, 1683, he was chosen "butler" 
of the College. 

After graduation he accepted an offer of a voyage to 
Port Royal, now Annapolis, Nova Scotia, made by Mr. 
Nelson, a Boston merchant, who traded there extensively. 



NEHEMIAH WALTER. 295 

Upon his arrival there he retired from the fort to a pri- 
vate family where no English was spoken, in order to 
learn French ; with which at last he became so familiar, 
that, though he did not extemporize prayers in French, 
and would not read prayers, he sometimes preached to 
the Huguenot society in Boston, in the absence of the 
pastor. After his return from Nova Scotia, "he pursued 
his Studies at College, for several Years with close Applica- 
tion. ... He had a great Command of the Latin Tongue, 
became a Critick in the Greek, and had a good Insight 
into the Hebrew, attain'd to a considerable Acquaintance 
with Philosophical Inquiries; and in short, possess'd a 
happy Fund both of human and divine Learning. . . . 
'The memorable Mr. Elijah Corlet, Master of the 
Grammar School in Cambridge, used to express a distin- 
guishing Value for him, by employing him to officiate at 
Times in the Care of his School, when obliged to be ab- 
sent himself. . . . And on Mr. Corlet' s Death [Anno 1687, 
Mt. 77.)/ " Walter, to express his gratitude and honor 
his memory, "publish'd an Elegy, done in blank English 
Verse." 

In the mean time he studied church history, consulted 
the most eminent writers on both sides of controversies, 
"and after much Deliberation, he fell in with the Way of 
the Churches in New-England." He "carefully avoided 
all Extreams ; and in particular, equally opposed Armini- 
anism on the one Hand, and Antinomianism on the other, 
always wishing the Churches and Ministry of New-England 
might be exempted from both : Yet he would speak char- 
itably of some Divines, that leaned to either of the Ex- 
treams, and always took Care to preserve a Distinction 
between Persons and Opinions." "There seems to have 
been a special Interposition of divine Providence, in his 
first Introduction into Roxbury Pulpit." He had engaged 
his passage to Europe. "When the Vessel only waited 



296 CLASS OF 1684. 

for a Wind, he on a Saturday Afternoon receiv'd a Mes- 
sage from Roxbury desiring of him a Sermon on the Mor- 
row. . . . Among several very worthy Candidates," the 
people were divided, "but upon hearing Mr. Walter, 
they were instantly very much united," and invited him 
to preach, "with a Prospect of Settlement. . . . The good 
old Minister," the Apostle Eliot, "was so charm'd . . . 
that on the first Day of hearing him, he stay'd the Church 
after Evening Service, and was for putting it immediately 
to Vote whether they would give him a call"; but he was 
persuaded to wait a short time. Walter received a unani- 
mous invitation from the church, 15 July, 1688, and it 
was confirmed by the inhabitants, 9 September. It was a 
"dark & threatning Season," in the time of the Papist 
James the Second, and of the administration of Andros. 
He was ordained 17 October, 1688. "Pursuant to the 
former Usage," he preached the sermon. Eliot (then in 
his eighty- fourth year) presided, and "gave the Charge. 
And though a Distinction was wont to be made" between 
Pastor and Teacher, Eliot saw fit to join both names or 
characters in Walter's ordination. On returning from the 
services, Eliot "took occasion pleasantly to say to Mr. 
Walter, — 'Brother, I've ordain'd you a Teaching Pastor : 
but don't be proud of it ; for I always ordain my In- 
dians so.' " 

Till Eliot died, 20 May, 1690, the relation between 
him and Walter was peculiarly affectionate and happy. 
"The good Old Man like Old Aaron, as it were disrobed 
himself, with an unspeakable Satisfaction, when he beheld 
his Garments put upon a Son so dear to him." He sel- 
dom would preach after this, and when he did, he would 
beg "his Hearers to pardon the Poorness and Meanness 
and Brokeimess (as he called it) of his Meditations ; but 
would conclude with saying, My dear Brother here will 
byndby mend ally "Thus Mr. [Falter gave early Pre- 



NEHEMIAH WALTER. 297 

sages of his future Eminence. Though he was low oi' 
Stature, and had a thin and feeble Body, as well as a low 
and weak Voice ; ... he was Owner of all the valuable 
Qualifications, intellectual and moral, necessary to con- 
stitute an eminent Character." He became one of the 
most distinguished ministers of his time. His literary 
accomplishments, exemplary life and conversation, ami- 
able and modest deportment, and excellence as a preacher, 
rendered him universally respected and beloved. Doctor 
Colman, H. U. 1692, used to say of him, "IVhen one is 
hearing Mr. Walter, it seems as if any Man could preach so; 
and yet it's difficult preaching like him, and few can equal him." 
Pemberton, H. U. 1691, said, "/ know no Man, that in 
his Preaching reconciles Perspicuity with Accuracy, like''' him. 
" His Periods and Sentences concise, his Words emphati- 
cal and very expressive, and most easy to be understood. 
He had few Redundancies, and affected nothing ot Luxu- 
riancy or Pomp of Language." 

"Though his Organs of Speech were naturally feeble, 
and his Utterance very deliberate, with frequent Pauses; 
yet his Aspect, Gesture, Pronunciation, and whole Man- 
ner of Address, were with such a Decorum, becoming the 
Pulpit; so habitually grave and solemn, so free from 
every awkward Air and disgustful Tone, and from all 
Sign of Indolence, Formality, or Affectation ; his Voice 
nothing effeminate, and so well modulated, his Words so 
justly accented, his Pauses so judiciously placed, his Eye 
and Action under so proper a Regulation, and such a 
Degree of genuine Pathos discover'd, accompany'd fre- 
quently with Tears, as indicated his Discourses to be the 
genuine Breathinp-s of a warm Heart, tho' the Produce of 
a cool Plead." Even Governor Dudley "seldom heard 
him preach, or administer a Sacrament, but it was ob- 
serv'd he wept." 

Whitefield, who went to see him, 23 September, 1740, 



298 CLASS OF 1684. 

calls him "a good old Puritan," and says, "I had but little 
Conversation with him, my Stay was so very short ; but 
I remember he told me he was glad to hear I said Man 
was half a Devil and half a Beast!' 

For about seven years after his settlement he preached 
memoriter^ "after the usual manner of the day"; but then 
having a severe fit of sickness, from which "he recover'd 
only by slow Degrees, he found his Head so affected, and 
his Memory weakened, that" he always used notes after- 
wards ; "commonly but glancing on them (latterly with 
the Help of a Glass in his Hand) and then delivering his 
Matter, with his Eyes erect and pointed to the listning 
Audience." 

About the year 1717, "from his long and close Appli- 
cation to Study, and other Labours of his Charge (in 
Conjunction perhaps with some Incidents in Providence) 
he contracted a vertiginous Disorder, and fell into such a 
State of Debility, as obliged him for a considerable Time 
to suspend the Exercise of his 'Ministry, to intermit his 
Studies, and throw aside Books ; being seldom able to 
bear a Moment's intense Thought." But by journeying 
"and other Means, he happily obtain'd such a Recruit 
of Spirit and Strength, as enabled him to return to his 
beloved work." 

October 19, 1718, his son, Thomas Walter, H. U. 
17 13, was ordained his colleague; but he was removed by 
death, 10 January, 1724—5. Then the whole weight of 
the pastoral care again devolved on the father. "But his 
People . . . were at the Expence of affording him Assist- 
ance by young Candidates, every Sabbath, for one part of 
the Day : and ... his Brethren and Sons in the Ministry , 
particularly in the Neighbourhood, were always ready to 
give him their Help, as there was Occasion." "Scarce 
any Man ever pass'd through the World with a more un- 
exceptionable Character, or a more universal Reputation 



NEHEMIAH WALTER. 299 

with all that knew him : every one speaking of him with 
high Esteem, for his Piety, his Judgment, and his Minis- 
terial Accomplishments and Performances." "Although 
he had nothing robust in his Constitution, but rather was 
of a feeble Make, and although he led a very studious 
sedentary Life ... he usually enjoy'd a considerable Share 
of Health, and Ease; for many Years scarce knowing, by 
any Experience, what Pain or Sickness meant." He was 
"never exercised with any severe Dolour, or very distress- 
ing Malady," from 25 December, 1749, "when he was 
confined to his House, by bodily Indispositions which 
gradually increased upon him and at length terminated in 
his Decease ... 17 September, 1750, when he wanted but 
about 3 Months of being 87 Years old." His and Eliot's 
ministry, though for a time contemporary, extended to 
about one hundred and eighteen years. Oliver Peabody, 
H. U. 1745, received a call before Walter's death, but was 
not ordained till afterwards. 

Walter was a member of the College Corporation, and 
he was named for Fellow in the proposed charters of 
1692, 1696, 1697, 1699, and 1700, though his signature 
is not appended to the original petition for the charter of 
1699, which contained a passage virtually excluding from 
the government of the College all who adopted religious 
principles and discipline different from what were sanc- 
tioned by the platform and practice of the early New 
England churches. After the exclusion of Increase 
Mather from the Presidency, neither Walter nor his 
brother-in-law, Cotton Mather, attended any meeting of 
the Corporation. They were considered to have abdi- 
cated, and Thomas Brattle, H. U. 1676, and William 
Brattle, H. U. 1680, were chosen and reinstated as Fellows 
of the Corporation, from which they had been excluded 
during the ascendency of Mather. 

Walter's remains were deposited in the ministerial tomb 



300 CLASS OF 1684. 

in the old burial-ground at the corner of Washington and 
Eustis Streets, and £209 9s., old tenor, was voted to de- 
fray the funeral expenses. A considerable sum of money 
was raised, and fuel yearly sent to his widow till her death, 
in 1758. 

He was married in 1691 to Sarah, born 9 Novem- 
ber, 1671, third daughter of Increase Mather by Maria, 
daughter of the Reverend John Cotton. Of their six 
sons and three daughters were Increase, H. U. 171 1 ; 
Thomas, H.U. 17 13 ; Hannah, born 8 July, 1699, be- 
came second wife of Caleb Trowbridge, H. U. 17 10; and 
Nathaniel, H. U. 1729. 

WORKS. 

1. Unfaithful Hearers Detected k Warned : or a Discourse on 
the Danger of, and by, Unprofitable Hearing. Boston, Printed by 
B. Green & J. Allen. Sold by Michael Perry, at his Shop under 
the West End of the Town House. 1696. i2mo. pp. 68. 

B, H. 
The same. The Second Edition. First Published by some of 
the Hearers in 1696, and now Re-printed at the Desire of their 
Successors. Boston, nmo. 1754. pp. 68. £, A/, P. 

2. The Body of Death | Anatomized. | | A brief Essay | 

Concerning the | Sorrows and the Desires | of the | Regenerate, | 
Upon their Sense of ] Indwelling Sin ; | Delivered at the Lecture 
in Boston. | 12 d. 7 m. 1706. || Boston, N. E. Printed by B. 
Green, for Samuel Phillips. 1707. i2mo. pp. 26. A, H, P. 

The same. The Second Edition. Boston, N. E. Re-printed 
by John Draper, for Nath. Procter at his Shop in Fish Street. 
1736. 8vo. M, P. 

3. A I Discourse | Concerning the | Wonderfulness | of Christ, j 
Delivered in | Several Sermons. || Boston in New-England : Printed 
by B. Green, for Eleazer Phillips, at his Shop at the lower end of 
King Street. 1713. 8vo. Pp. i-vi To the Reader; pp. (1-5) 
Contents-, pp. 1-240 Text. A, H, P. 

4. Faithfulness in the Ministry, | Derived from Christ. | | 

A I Sermon | Offer'd to an Assembly | of | Ministers, | From sev- 
eral Parts of j New-England, ] At their Anniversary Convention | 



JOSEPH WEBB. 3d 

In Boston, May 30. 1723. | . . . | Boston. 1723. i2mo. pp. 
26. A, B, M, P. 

5. A I Plain Discourse | on | Vain Thoughts, | Which | Are 
great Hindrances of | Men's being | Saved. || Boston. 1 721. 
121110. pp. 149. The Running-title of pp. m-149 is The 
Great Concern of Man. A. 

6. Practical Discourses | on the | Holiness | of | Heaven : | 
Iking Several | Sermons, | Preached at the Lecture in Roxbury. || 
Boston : Printed by S. Ivneeland and T. Green, for T. Gerrish, 
& D. Henchman, and Sold at their Shops. 1762. sm. 8vo or 
i6mo. Pp. (1-2) Preface ; pp. i-i76Text. H, Af, P. 

7. Discourses | on | The whole LV lh Chapter of Isaiah. | Pre- 
paratory to Communion at the Lord's Table. | To which is added, | 
The Author's Last Sermon. | . . . | With | A Preface, giving some 
Account of his | Life and Character. || Boston, 1755- 8vo. 
pp. 512. The Preface is signed by Thomas Prince and Thomas 
Foxcroft. A, B, H, Al. 

Authorities. — American Ouar- logical Register, vii. 27, 166: viii. 

terly Register, viii. 45, 55; xiv. 37S. 20S. 209 ; x. 52. G. Putnam, Sermon 

Boston News-Letter, 1750, Scptem- on E. Porter, 16. J. Ouincy, History 

ber 20. C. K. Dillaway, History of of Harvard University. J. Sav- 

the Grammar School, 130. Harvard age, Genealogical Dictionary, iv. 

College Corporation Records, i. 26; 403. W. B. Sprague, Annals, i. 217. 

iii. 83. Massachusetts Historical Preface to N. Walter's Discourses. 

Society, Collections, viii. 22 ; x. 169. G. Whitefield, Journal, 1740, Sep- 

C. Mather, Magnalia, IIP ii. 206. tember 23. 
New England Historical and Gcnea- 



JOSEPH WEBB. 

Born 1666, died 1732, aged 65. 



Rev. Joseph Webb, M. A., of Fairfield, Connecticut, 
born 10 May, 1666, was probablv son of Joseph and 
Grace Webb, of Boston. He could not have been the 
son of Joseph Webb of Stamford, who was but twelve 
years old when the father of our graduate died, in 1684. 



302 CLASS OF 1684. 

The Boston News-Letter, No. 1497, 5 October, 1732, 
states that "he was born at Boston, of a good Family, 
furnished in his early Youth with the learned Languages, 
under the Tuition of the late famous Mr. Cheever ; thence 
translated to the Colledge in Cambridge, and deservedly 
wore the Honours of it." On the "12: 5 mo. [July] 
1 68 1. Out of Mr. Web's gift 61b. for y e following year 
is given to Webb." Perhaps he was related to Henrv 
Webb, of Boston, merchant, who was a great benefactor of 
Harvard College, giving, besides a legacy of .£50, a valu- 
able house and land between Devonshire and Washington 
Streets, in Boston, still owned by the College. 

I have in my possession manuscripts which, with state- 
ments contained in Noadiah Russell's Diary, furnish a 
striking commentary on the habits and discipline at col- 
lege while Webb was a Sophomore, not sixteen years old, 
which are creditable neither to him nor to the College gov- 
ernment. "The Corporation met in the College Library 
between 9 and 10 of y e clock being Monday," 27 March, 
1682 : "About 3 of y e clock y e under graduates were called 
in y e Hall to be examined about y e abusing of y e freshmen. 
About 5 of y e clock or between 4 and 5, they were called 
in again to hear y e Corporation's conclusion." 

"Whereas great Complaints have been made and proved 
against Webb for his abusive carriages, in requiring some 
of the freshmen to goe upon his private errands, and in 
striking the sayd freshmen ; & for his scandalous negli- 
gence as to those duties, that by the Laws of the Colledge 
he is bound to attend, and haveing persisted obstinately in 
his evills, notwithstanding means used to reclaime him, 
and also haveing refused to attend the Corporation when 
this day required, he is therefore sentenced, in the first 
place to be deprived of the pension heretofore allowed him 
and also to be expelled the Colledge." "And in case he 
shall presume after 24 hours are past to appear within the 



JOSEPH WEEB. 303 

Colledge walls that the fellows upon the place doe cause 
him to be carried before the civill authority. " "Having 
called for a Bible on which his name was written, Mr. 
Mather tore it off." At the same time Danforth and 
Myles were "publickly admonished for speaking irrever- 
ently before the Corporation." 

Webb then presented a petition, which had probably, as 
was often the case, been previously supervised and spiced 
by some of the officers. 

"To the Most Honoured Corporation: — 

"Whereas I Joseph Webb late Student of Harvard 
Colledge by my culpable negligence of Colledge duties, 
and other misdemeanours in abuseing and strikeing some 
freshmen, have incurred the penalty of expulsion justly 
imposed upon me by the Honoured Corporation accord- 
ing to the Laws of the Colledge, therefore Honoured and 
Reverend being now made sensible, I doe with greif and 
sorrow humbly acknowledge those my great offences, and 
the Justice of your proceedings against mee for them, 
crave your pardon, and pray that I may be restored unto 
my former standing in the Colledge, promising utmost 
labour and diligence in my study, and most dutifull ob- 
servance of all the Colledge laws and orders for the time 
to come. 

"Your most humble suppliant 
"April 26, 1682.'' "Joseph Webb." 

May 4, 1682. The Corporation met at Boston, and, 
"having read and considered W r ebb's confession and Pe- 
tition, . . . doe consent that he shall be readmitted into the 
Colledge upon his good behaviour, provided this his con- 
fession be publickly read and by Webb publickly acknowl- 
edged in the College Hall." 

After graduation Webb studied divinity. Probably he 
was the "Mr. Webb" who, beginning in 1688, preached 



3O4 CLASS OF 1684. 

for some time at Derby, Connecticut. He was ordained 
at Fairfield, Connecticut, 15 August, 1694. 

In 1699, the General Court of Connecticut granted to 
him two hundred acres of land. In 1701, the same 
Court voted thanks to him "for his pains in preaching the 
election sermon," and desired "him to grant a copie that 
it" might "be printed." 

According to the obituary notice of him, dated at Fair- 
field, 26 September, he died on the preceding Tuesday, 
19 September, 1732, "at Stratford, (being there on a 
visit,) . . . after six Days Sickness, in the 66th Year of 
his Age ; whose Body, with a considerable Train, was 
carried to his own House on Wednesday; and the next 
Day (after a Sermon agreeable to the Occasion,) was de- 
cently here inter'd. . . . He was hospitable in his House, 
steady in his Friendship, free and facetious in common 
Conversation, and most tenderly affected towards his 
Relatives. He began his Ministry here about Forty 
Years ago, and continued therein to his Death. He was 
about Thirty Years one of the Trustees of the College in 
this Colony. He was a Gentleman of Probity & Piety, 
and of distinguishing Erudition in Grammar, Rhetorick, 
Logick & Theology, especially Systematical ; a firm Cal- 
vinist in Principles; and, accounted by the most Judi- 
cious, an eminent Preacher; excelling in correct Diction, 
clear Method, sound, scriptural Reasoning, manly Stile, 
grave Utterance, appearing most free of Affectation. But 
thro' bodily Infirmities which he labour'd with, he look'd 
upon himself under such Impairs more lately, that upon 
his earnest Desire, the worthy Mr. Noah Hobart," H. U. 
1724, "hath been introduced, but a few Weeks since, as 
an Helper to him in the Ministry." 

His pastorate extended from 1692 to 1732, in which 
time he baptized 1492 persons. He was one of the first 
Fellows of Yale College, to whom the charter was given. 



JOSEPH WEBB. 3O5 

In 1 69 1 he was married to Elizabeth, the eleventh child 
and youngest daughter of Isaac Nichols, of Stratford, and 
sister of Reverend Israel Chauncy's wife, Mary. She 
died 15 February, 17 18, aged nearly 51. In September, 
1 72 1, he married Mrs. Elizabeth Cone, of Stratford. 

The oldest church record extant in Fairfield is in his 
handwriting. Doubtless there were other records, which 
were probably destroyed in the conflagration of 1779. 
He left a family record of his six daughters and three sons, 
among whom are: 2. Joseph, Y. C. 171 5, born 21 Sep- 
tember, 1693; 3. Nehemiah, 26 February, 1694-5; 9. 
Josiah, 16 March, 1706-7. 

According to the following inscription, which is prob- 
ably correct, he died a week earlier than is stated in the 
Boston News-Letter : — 

<C H. & M. I Here lyes interred | the Body of the ] Rev d 
M r Joseph Webb | (the faithful Pastor) | of the Church of 
Christ I in this Place | Who departed this Life | Septem- 
ber 12 th A. D. 1732. I ZEtatis Suae 66" 

WORKS. 

1. Manuscript Memoranda of the terrible storms in 1700. 

2. Manuscript Sermons "occasioned by the death of Maj'r 
Nathan Gold, one of the pious and worthy magistrates of Con- 
necticut Colony, who deceased at his own house in Fairfield, fourth 
of March, 1693-4." 

3. A Letter by him to Cotton Mather, dated 2 October, 1722, 
is printed in the Massachusetts Historical Society's Collections, 
xii. 131. 

Authorities. — Boston News- Historical Society, Proceedings, 

Letter, 1732, October 5. T. Clap, 1S62, November 13, pp. 349, 350. 

Annals of Yale College. Contribu- New England Historical and Genea- 

tions to the Ecclesiastical History logical Register, vii. 53, 54. K. E. 

of Connecticut, 372, 385. F. B. Dex- Perry, The Old Burying-Ground of 

ter, Letter, 1S6S, May 16. C. J. Fairfield, 94. J. Savage, Genealogi- 

Hoadly, Connecticut Records, iv. cal Dictionary, iv. 445. B. L. Swan, 

289, 350. J. L. Kingsley, Sketch of Letter. 1869, February 8. B. Trum- 

Yale College, in American Quarterly bull, History of Connecticut, i. 494 ; 

Register, viii. 14. Massachusetts ii. 530. 

VOL. III. 20 [March 28, 1884.] 



306 CLASS OF 1684. 

EDWARD TOMPSON. 

Born 1665, died 1705, aged 39. 

Rev. Edward Tompson, born 20 April, 1665, was 
grandson of the Reverend William Tompson, and son of 
Deacon Samuel Tompson, of Braintree, by his wife, Sarah, 
daughter of Edward Shepard. 

July 12, 1 68 1, it was voted to allow him four pounds 
out of Mr. Webb's gift. 

He was teacher at Newbury before his graduation, as, 
under date of 1684, John Pike, as quoted by Joshua Coffin, 
makes record of the town's debt "To Mr. Edward Tom- 
son for keeping school this year, .£30." 

In June, 1687, he was employed at Simsbury, Connecti- 
cut, the inhabitants agreeing to remove his family and 
effects, to pay him fifty pounds a year "in good and 
current pay, to wit, one third in good and merchantable 
wheat at four shillings per bushel, one third in pease or 
rye at three shillings per bushel, and one third of Indian 
corn or pork, the corn at two shillings sixpence per bushel, 
and the pork at three pounds ten shillings per barrel," 
and to allow him firewood and the use of the parsonage 
property, and, in case of his settlement with them, certain 
lands in fee. This agreement was signed by forty-nine 
persons, being, it is believed, nearly all the legal voters at 
that time, and the invitation was unanimously adopted at 
a general town meeting held at the same time. 

In October, 1687, the General Court of Connecticut 
granted to him and other ministers, severally, two hun- 
dred acres of land. He continued there till the summer 
of 1 69 1, though it does not appear that he was ordained. 

July 14, 1691, "the towne" of Newbury, Massachu- 
setts, " understanding that several of the inhabitants of new 



EDWARD TOMPSON. 2>°7 

towne are about calling of Mr. Tompson to be their min- 
ister, the towne did by vote manifest their dislike against 
it, or against any other minister, whom they should call, 
until y e church and towne are agreed upon it, looking 
upon such a thing to be an intrusion upon y e church and 
towne." 

May 31, 1693, the selectmen of Newbury, in a petition 
to the General Court, state that "a long difference has 
existed between the people of Newbury, and those in the 
west end of the town about calling a minister, that the 
west end called Mr. Edward Tompson to preach to them 
without acquainting the minister, church or towne with 
their proceedings." And though the town voted against 
it, "yet they persisted . . . and brought him in, and when 
he was come in, our minister warned him to forbear preach- 
ing till the church and town were agreed, yet he presumed 
to set up a lecture, and preach without any allowance of 
ministers, church or town." Though the church called 
him to account, he "persisted in these irregularities"; and 
after the call and acceptance of John Clark, H. U. 1690, 
there were several persons who refused "to accept of him, 
pretending they are bound to said Tomson " by an agree- 
ment. A committee of the west end people replied to the 
Governor and Council, 15 June, that for five years they 
had been endeavoring "to have the publick worship of 
God established among" them; that their number was 
three hundred ; that they lived from four to six or seven 
miles from the "ould meeting house"; that few of them 
had horses; that if they went, "many [would] lay out of 
doors, the house is so little"; that they had erected a house 
at their "own cost & charge," etc. July 5th, "The towne 
in theyr votes for the choyce of a minister for the west 
end of the towne" chose John Clark; but on the same 
day "twenty-five persons of the west end entered their 
dissent against calling Mr. Clark. The reason is because 



308 class of 1684. 

the new towne people have a minister already." Decem- 
ber 21, 1694, the town gave to Edward Tompson seven- 
teen votes, and to Christopher Toppan sixty-five votes, to 
become minister of the west end. January 1, 1694-5, 
the town voted the place for the meeting-house, and that 
"those that live nearest to the old meeting house shall 
pay there, the inhabitants at the west end to choose a 
minister for themselves, only Mr. Tompson excepted." 

In October, 1695, the town of Simsbury, after Seth 
Shove, H. U. 1687, left, voted unanimously to send again 
for Mr. Tompson, but he did not comply with the invi- 
tation to return. 

He was ordained fourth pastor of the church at Marsh- 
field, Massachusetts, 14 October, 1696, "in the 31st year 
of his age," as successor of Samuel Arnold, who died 
3 September, 1693. He preached his own ordination 
sermon, the manuscript of which was in existence when T. 
Alden published his "Collection of American Epitaphs," 
in 1 8 14. Some doubts have been expressed as to the day 
of his death, which was very suddenly "of a consumptive 
disease," but Marshall's Diary, cited by Lunt, says he 
died 1705, March 16. This agrees with the Marshfield 
records, and with the notice in the Boston News-Letter, 
26 March, 1705, where we read: "Marshfield March 19. 
On Fryday last the 16th Currant, Dyed the Reverend 
Mr. Edward Thompson, Pastor of this Place, and was 
buryed this Day." 



"HERE LYES Y F ASHES 

OF Y E REVEREND LEARNED 

& PIOUS M R EDWARD TOMPSON 

PASTOR OF Y F CHURCH OF 

MARSHFIELD WHO SUDDENLY 

DEPARTED THIS LIFE MARCH 

Y E i6 nl 1705 

ANNO .ETATIS 40." 



edward tompson. 3o9 

" Here in a tyrant's hand does captive lye 
a rare synopsis of divinity, 

Old Patriarchs, Prophets, Gospel Bishops meet, 
Under deep silence in their winding sheet ; 
All rest awhile in hopes and full intent, 
When their king calls, to meet in parliament." 

Cotton Mather says: "Indeed he was not an Old Man, 
But he was a Good many 

Tompson was succeeded in the ministry by James 
Gardner. 

By his wife Sarah, Tompson had: i. Samuel, born at 
Newbury, i September, 1691, H. U. 1710, ordained at 
Gloucester, 28 November, 1716, died 8 December, 1724; 
2. Edward, 14 May, 1695, physician in Haverhill; 3. 
William, born at Marshfield, 26 April, 1697, H. U. 1718, 
minister of Scarborough, Maine, died 13 February, 1759; 
4. John, 17 September, 1699, lived at Pomfret, Connecti- 
cut; 5. Joseph, 1704, farmer at Falmouth, Maine; 6. 

Sarah, married Clark ; 7. Anna, married 

Thomas ; 8. Abigail, married Judge Longfellow of Gor- 
ham, Maine. 

It is supposed that the family returned to Newbury. 

A genealogy is printed in the New England Historical 
and Genealogical Register, xv. 112. 



An Elegiack Tribute to the Sacred Dust of the Reverend and 
Worthy Mr. Seaborn Cotton Pastour of the Church of Christ at 
Hampton in New-England : who was discharged from his Work 
and Office, to be admitted into Heaven, April 20th, 1686. M. 

See also page 291 of Volume I. of these Sketches. 

In 1 71 2, seven years after his death, was published in Boston a 
work by him, of which "the Second Impression," printed in Bos- 
ton 1715, i6mo, pp. 84, is entitled, — 

Heaven | the best | Country, j Being | Some of the Last Medi- 
tations I and I Discourses of that Faithful | Servant of | Jesus 
Christ, I Mr. Edward Tompson, | Late Pastor of the Church in 



310 CLASS OF 1684. 

Marshfield. | Who being Dead, yet Speaketh. || Neh. Hobert, 
Zech Whitman, Peter Thacher, John Norton, John Danforth, 
Nath. Eells, say, in their dedication of it "To the Godly Read- 
ers," " Behold a most Lively and Lovely Map of the Heavenly 
Country, by the kind Providence of our Lord Jesus Christ, is here 
Presented you, Extracted out of the Holy Scriptures, and New 
Drawn by the Hand, and Heart of a Faithful and Skilful Man of 
God, while he was on the Top of the Mount, in the clear View 
of, and just Entring into, that Glorious and Holy Land of Promise." 
No one could wish to leave behind him a more excellent character 
than is given by those who knew him best. His "Grandfather 
was Renowned in England, Virginia, and New England, for a 
worthy Confessor of the Lord Jesus Christ, and a Seraphical Min- 
ister and Pastor of the Church of Braintrey ; of which Church 
afterwards our Authors Father was for many Years a Deacon, of 
excellent Vertue, exemplary Holiness, and Usefulness, and mar- 
vellously gifted for Prayer, and faithful to the Death." i/, P. 

Authorities. — T. Alden, Collec- vii. 278; viii. 229; xv. 113, 114; 

tion of American Epitaphs, iii. 224. xviii. 69. N. A. Phelps, History of 

American Quarterly Register, viii. Simsbury, 52, 166. J. Pike, Journal, 

146, 153. Boston News-Letter, 1705, in the Collections of the New Hamp- 

March 26. J. Coffin, Annals of New- shire Historical Society, iii. 54; and 

bury, 142, 156- 161, 319. J. Farmer, Massachusetts Historical Society's 

Genealogical Register, 40. W. P. Proceedings, xiv. 140. J. Savage, 

Lunt, Two Discourses, 109. Massa- Genealogical Dictionary, iv. 284. 

chusetts Historical Society, Proceed- M. A. Thomas, Memorials of Marsh- 

ings, xiv. 140. C. Mather, Vigilan- field, 15,99- J- H.Trumbull, Letter, 

tius, 23. New England Historical 1861, January 9; and Public Records 

and Genealogical Register, iv. 316; of Connecticut, iii. 245. 



BENJAMIN ROLFE. 

Born 1662, died 1708, aged 45. 



Rev. Benjamin Rolfe, M. A., of Haverhill, born 13 
September, 1662, was son of Benjamin Rolfe, of Newbury, 
Massachusetts, a weaver/ by his wife Apphia, whom he 



BENJAMIN ROLFE. 311 

married 3 November, 1659. She died 24 December, 1708, 
and he 10 August, 1710. 

September 15, 1685, " S r Rolfe was chosen a scholar of 
y e house in y e room of S r Cotton." 

In 1689, the graduate was chaplain to our forces at Fal- 
mouth, now Portland, Maine. In the latter part of the 
same year he began to preach at Haverhill. January 20, 
1689-90, the town voted to give' him "forty pounds per 
annum, in Wheat, Rye, and Indian," to assist the Rev- 
erend John Ward during his lifetime, and after his death 
to "farther allow what shall be rational." There was 
"great opposition" to the vote, and it was finally declared 
"not to stand." "Mr. Ward and his son Saltonstall," 
H. U. 1659, left the meeting. In their absence the town 
voted to pay Rolfe the above sum for one year, besides 
his board, and that Ward should have "his full salary for 
the next year, provided that he upon his own cost do for 
the next year board Mr. Rolfe." Town meetings were 
held from time to time, and committees of conference ap- 
pointed in relation to his continuance and settlement. 

It was finally agreed, in the early part of 1693, that till 
his settlement he should have "Sixty pounds per annum 
in Wheat, Rye, and Indian Corn, by equal proportions of 
each, at the price of the grain in the Country rate, at the 
time of payment." He "is to provide personal quarters 
for himself as he shall think good." The committee also 
agreed "that upon the Town's charge, in convenient sea- 
son annually, there shall be laid in for him a sufficient 
quantity and stock of good, sweet, and dry, and sound 
Hay for the keeping his horse through the winter at such 
place in Haverhill as he shall appoint." By letter, 29 
April, 1693, Rolfe agreed to these terms, if they would 
grant the addition of "a supply of wood as soon as" he 
"shall stand in need of it." May 8, a town meeting was 
called to provide for the ordination ; but, after organiza- 



312 CLASS OF 16S4. 

tion, the proceedings were stopped till a committee of 
four could be chosen to wait on Ward and see how much 
of his salary he would abate. On their return, Ward's 
proposition was accepted. Then a vote was passed to 
provide fo' Rolfe's ordination, the expense not to exceed 
ten pounds; but as "several men proclaimed against it 
with great violence," the vote was nulled. Ward died 27 
December, 1693. Rolfe was ordained 7 January, 1693-4. 
He appears always to have been on very friendly terms 
with Ward, for at his ordination, in speaking of him, he 
says: "These four years past have been the happiest and 
most profitable to me of my whole life. I have had the 
councils of wisdom and experience, the admonitions of a 
father and friend, and an example constantly before me, 
of undissembled virtue, ardent piety and burning zeal." 

In 1694, Rolfe applied for wood, and the town voted 
him fifteen cords a year for three years. When he made 
the application in 1703, ten pounds was added to his 
salary for that purpose, and he was also allowed "four 
public contributions." The four contributions were first 
granted to him the previous year, and were continued till 
his death. 

From the time Rolfe went to Haverhill the inhabitants 
were almost constantly apprehensive of attacks by the 
Indians, and this may account in part for some of the 
singular movements connected with Ward's settlement. 
At the assault on Haverhill, at daybreak, on Sunday, 29 
August, 1708, the enemy immediately attacked Rolfe's 
house. He sprang out of bed, braced himself" against the 
door which they were trying to force open, and unavail- 
ingly called for assistance from the soldiers who were in 
his house. The enemy fired through the door' two balls, 

1 The door through which Rolfe house, but was consumed when the 
was wounded was nailed up in the meeting-house was burnt, in 1847. 
porch of the First Parish meeting- 



BENJAMIN ROLFE. 313 

one of which wounded him in the elbow. According to 
one statement the ball killed him. But the most probable 
is, that the Indians pressed against the door so hard, that 
Rolfe, being wounded and no longer able to resist suc- 
cessfully, fled through the house and out at the back door, 
and was tomahawked at the well by the Indians who pur- 
sued him. One soon sunk the hatchet into his wife's 
head, and another, taking the youngest child from her 
dying grasp, dashed its head against a stone near the door. 
Upon the first alarm, Hagar, the negro slave, jumped 
from her bed, and took the young girls Mary and Eliza- 
beth into the cellar, placed them under tubs, and concealed 
herself behind some barrels. The Indians plundered the 
cellar, repeatedly passed the tubs, even stepping on the 
foot of one of the children, drank milk from the pans and 
dashed them on the cellar bottom, and took meat from the 
barrel behind which Hagar was concealed, without dis- 
covering either of them. An intrepid man, named Davis, 
went behind Rolfe's barn, and with a large club pounded 
it so violently, at the same time calling on the men by- 
name, and giving orders for an attack, that the party in 
Rolfe's house became alarmed, and, after attempting to set 
the house on fire, precipitately left. Another female named 
Anna Whitaker, who then lived in Rolfe's family, con- 
cealed herself in an apple chest under a flight of stairs, and 
was not discovered. 1 

Rolfe, his wife and child, with Captain Wainwright, 

1 A communication dated " Brook- cellar, and that " the two Indians fol- 
field, Sept. 24, 1764," published in the lowed her into the Cellar, yet such 
Massachusetts Gazette of September was her Presence of Mind, and Dex- 
27, mentions the death, on the 8th, in terity, that she conceal'd the Children 
her 74th year, of Mrs. Anna Heyward, and herself that they escaped their 
wife of Oliver Heyward, to whom Notice ; and they were the only Mem- 
she was married when widow of John bers of the Family at Home who sur- 
Hind. It states that she saved the vived the bloody Carnage." 
two children by hiding them in the 



314 CLASS OF 1684. 

killed at the same time, were buried, 31 August, in one 
grave, near the south end of the burial-ground, and the 
monument over them contained an inscription for each. 
The one to Rolfe was: "Clauditur in hoc tumulo | cor- 
pus Reverendi Pii | Doctique Viri D. Beniamin | Rolfe, 
Ecclesiae Christi | quae est in Hauerhill | Pastoris fidelis- 
simi ; qui | domi suae ab hostibus | barbare trucidatus. 
A I laboribus suis requieuit | mane diei sacrae | quietis, 
Aug. XXIX Anno | Domini, MDCCVIII. | jEtatis suae 
XLVI." In 1847-8, a neat and substantial granite monu- 
ment was erected over the grave by the ladies who were 
then making improvements in the old burying-ground, 
and on it is the foregoing inscription, with an English 
translation. 

After Rolfe's death, Nicholas Sever, H. U. 1701, and 
Richard Brown, H. U. 1697, declined invitations to be 
settled, and Joshua Gardner, H. U. 1707, became his 
successor. 

March 12, 1693-4, he married Mehitabel Atwater. 
Their children were: 1. Mary, born 9 March, 1694-5, 
who was hidden in the cellar, was married to Colonel 
Estes Hatch, of Dorchester; 2. Benjamin, 2 September, 
1696; 3. John, 2 July, 1698, died 3 August, 1698; 
4 and 5. twins, 1 September, 1699, viz. John, died 18 
September, 1699, and Elizabeth, who was hidden in the 
cellar, married Samuel Checkley, H. U. 1715 ; 6. Francis, 
16 January, 1702; 7. Mehitabel, killed 29 August, 1708. 

On the petition of Benjamin Rolfe, for himself and 
other children and heirs of Benjamin Rolfe, the Massa- 
chusetts House of Representatives, 22 December, 1735, 
confirmed to them a plat of land "lying on the West side 
of Lunenburgh, and buts Easterly on it, Southerly on the 
Narragansett Township Number Two, West on a Grant 
of four hundred acres to the heirs of Thomas Starr, North 
West on the unappropriated Lands, and on Cambridge one 



BENJAMIN ROLFE. 2> l 5 

thousand acres, . . . provided the Plat exceeds not the quan- 
tity of six hundred acres of Land, and does not interfere 
with any former Grant." 

Authorities. — American Guar- nals, 1735, June 17, December 22 

terly Register, vii. 249, 257. G. W. B. L. Mirick, History of Haverhill 

Chase, History of Haverhill. T. New England Historical and Gene 

Hutchinson, History of Massachu- alogical Register, ii. 353; iii. 151 

setts Bay, ii. 173. Massachusetts 152; xiii. 212. S. Penhallow, His 

Gazette, 1764, September 27. Mas- tory of the Wars of New England 

sachusetts Historical Society, Collec- with the Eastern Indians, 47. J 

tions, xiv. 131, 133, 139, 140; xlvi. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, iii 

234. Massachusetts House Jour- 570. 



CLASS OF 1685. 

Thomas Dudley, Edward Mills, 

Warham Mather, John Eliot, 

Nathaniel Mather, Samuel Shepard, 

Rowland Cotton, Peter Ruck, 

Henry Gibbs, Isaac Greenwood, 

Thomas Berry, John White, 

John Whiting, Jonathan Pierpont. 



QU£STIONES 
DISCUTIEND^ 

Sub Reverendo 
D. GV I LI ELMO HVBBARDO 

APUD GIPPOENSES U. D. M. ET 

Comitiorum Academicorum in Collegio 
Harvardino 

PRESIDE 

CANTABRIGIsE NOV-ANGLORVM 

PER INCEPTORES in ARTIBUS 

Quarto Nonarum Julii M.DC.LXXXVIII. 



A 



N Dominium Temftorale fundetur 
in Gratia? 1 

Negat Respondens THOMAS DVDLEY 



COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES. 317 

An Primceva hominis Sanctitas fuerat 
qualitas Naturalis? 1 

Affirmat Respondens IVARHAMVS MATHERVS 

An Detur Vacmim ? 

Affirmat Respondens NATHANAEL MATHERVS 

An Cognitio Angclorum sit Discursiva ? 

Affirmat Respondens ROVLANDVS COTTONVS 

An Interitus mundi futurus sit Substan- 
tialis ? 

Negat Respondens HENRICVS GIBBS 

An Vna et eadem sit Materia coelestium 
et Terrestrium corftorttm? 

Affirmat Respondens THOMAS BERRYVS 

An Quicquid est in Deo sit Ipse Detts? 1 

Affirmat Respondens JOHANAES IVHITINGVS 

An Cogitatio stiperet Materice vires? 1 

Affirmat Respondens EDVARDVS MILLS 

An Diversificatio corpormn Oriatur a 

Motit ? 

Affirmat Respondens JOHANNES ELIOTVS 

An Pr&cepta philosopliica Theologieis 
contradicant ? 

Negat Respondens JOHANNES WHITE 



3 iS CLASS OF 1685. 

An Pneumatica sit Scientia a Meta- 
physica ct Theologia distmcta 1 

Affirmat Respondens JONATHAN PEIRTONT 

His Antecedit ratio Salutatoria. 



THOMAS DUDLEY. 

Born 1669-70, died 1697, aged 27. 



Thomas Dudley, M. A., son of Governor Joseph and 
Rebecca (Tyng) Dudley, was born at Roxbury, 26 Febru- 
ary, 1669-70, and baptized the next day. 

November 1, 1681, he was chosen "a scholar of the 
house," and again, 5 December, 1683. He was "a prom- 
ising youth in 1689." He died young, "a son every way 
worthy of such a Father." According to Gilman's inter- 
leaved Triennial, he was "Drownd at Sea." The same 
fact is mentioned by B. Colman. One of his younger 
brothers perished at the same time. This may have been 
in 1697, as Sewall writes in his Diary, 28 June, 1697, 
"Visited Madam Dudley ... and condol'd her loss of 
her Sons." Thomas Dudley is starred in Mather's 
Magnalia. 

1 " Ourestiones quiescentes." orations, One Latin by Mr. Dudley; 

" Nulli ad Primum Gradum admissi and two Greek, one Hebrew by Nath. 

sunt." Mather, and Mr. President after giv- 

Tliese notes are written, not printed, ing the Degrees made an Oration, in 
on the order of Commencement Ex- praise of Academical Studies and 
ercises, perhaps by Judge Sewall. It Degrees, Hebrew Tongue. 1 ' — Mas- 
may be observed that in his Diary sachusetts Historical Society Col- 
Judge Sewall wrote, July 1, 16S5 : lections, xlv. 85. 
" Besides Disputes there are four 



WARHAM MATHER. 319 

Authorities. — American Ouar- England Historical and Genealogical 

terly Register, xv. 305. B. Colman, Register, i. 71; x. 338. Roxbury 

Sermon after the Funeral of J. Dud- Records. J. Savage, Genealogical 

ley, 36. D. Dudley, Dudley Geneal- Dictionary, ii. 76. S. Sewall, Manu- 

ogies, 83. J. Farmer, Genealogical script Diary; and in Massachusetts 

Register, SS. Harvard College Cor- Historical Society's Collections, xlv. 

poration Records, i. 57 ; iii. 83. New 454. 



WARHAM MATHER. 

Born 1666, died 1745, aged 79. 

Warham Mather, M. A., born at Northampton, 7 
September, 1666, was son of the Reverend Eleazar 
Mather, H. U. 1656, whose wife Esther, baptized 8 De- 
cember, 1644, was the youngest daughter of the Rever- 
end John Warham. 

In the spring of 1684, "it was resolved, 'that the 
justices and vestrymen of Westchester and Eastchester, 
and Yonkers, do accept of Mr. Warham Mather as our 
minister for one whole year.' " In 1686-7 he taught 
the grammar school at Hadley. In 1688 he preached at 
Northfield six months, after six persons were killed by 
Indians. May 30, 1690, he was made freeman of Mas- 
sachusetts. He was "desired to continue preaching" at 
Killingworth, 19 August, 1691, where James Bayley, 
H. U. 1669, had been preaching. "Proposals are made 
to him to settle, 11 August, 1692; and conditions on 
which he is willing to settle are submitted to the town, 
4 April, 1693. Nothing seems to have come of this, and 
he was gone before 1694." He preached at Farmington 
several Sabbaths in the summer of 1704. 

Afterwards he lived and died at New Haven. He was 
one of the Justices of the Peace and Quorum certainly 
from 1 7 10 to 1716, and from 17 16 to 1727 was Judge of 
the Probate Court. 



320 CLASS OF 1685. 

He died at New Haven, 12 August, 1745, aged eighty, 
according to an inscription in the porch of the Centre 
Congregational meeting-house, that stands over the graves 
of him, his wife, and others. 

In December, 1700, he married Elizabeth, born 7 Oc- 
tober, 1666, died 23 July, 1744, daughter of John and 
Abigail (Pierson) Davenport, and sister of John, H. U. 
1687. His will was presented to the Probate Court, 12 
September, 1745, but was not approved, because sufficient 
witnesses appeared to testify to the unsoundness of his 
mind at the date [not mentioned] of its execution. The 
inventory, including a long and interesting list of books 
fully catalogued, occupies twelve folio pages of the rec- 
ords. The estate, amounting to more than £2,134, was 
ordered by the court, 25 January, 1747-8, "to be di- 
vided among his nine brethren and sisters of y e whole and 
half blood," or their representatives ; his mother having 
married a second husband, Solomon Stoddard, H. U. 
1662, and had children by him. This decision was ap- 
pealed from by the heirs of the whole blood, and the 
court ordered, 7 March, 1748-9, that the estate be di- 
vided among heirs of the whole blood only. 

WORKS. 

A Short I Discourse | shewing | that our | Salvation | is | of j 
Meer Grace. || s. 1. [Boston]. 17 16. i6mo. pp. (2), 32. 
Anonymous. i 5 , P*. 

Authorities. — American Quar- 66, 257. Massachusetts Historical 

terly Register, ix. 367. R. Bolton, Society, Collections, xxxviii. 671. 

History of the County of West- New England Historical and Gene- 

chester, i. 141; ii. 201, 202. F. B. alogical Register, iii. 351. J. Savage, 

Dexter, Letters, 1868, May 16; 1874, Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 13; iii. 

November 11. S. Judd, Letter, 1846, 172 ; iv. 201, 417. 
June 25 ; and History of Hadley, 



NATHANIEL MATHER. 32I 

NATHANIEL MATHER. 

Born 1669, died 1688, aged 19. 

Nathaniel Mather, M. A., born 6 and baptized 11 
July, 1669, son of Increase Mather, H. U. 1656, passion- 
ately fond of books from childhood, "became an Instance 
of unusual Industry and no Common Piety; so that when 
he dyed . . . Octob. 17, 1688," at Salem, at less than twenty 
years of age, his brother Samuel, H. U. 1690, wrote: 
"He has bin for his Years a great Scholar, but a better 
Christian." His brother Cotton, H. U. 1678, states that 
"it may be truly written on his Grave, Study kill 'd him" 
As early as 1674, he was "twice sick of a Feaver." "The 
Common Effects of such a Pious Education, as the Family 
in which he lived afforded unto him, were seen even in his 
Childhood." "His weak Body would not bear the Toils 
and Hours, which he used himself unto ; and his Neglect 
of Moderate Exercise" followed by indigestion, produced 
such effects that by the "time sixteen Winters had snow'd 
upon him, he began to be distempered, with many Pains 
and Ails, especially in some of his Joynts, which at last 
were the Gates of Death unto him; not without such very 
afflictive Touches of Melancholy, too, as made him some- 
times to write himself Deoditus Melancholicus." He drew 
up rules, with references to passages in the Scriptures, for 
regulating his thoughts, affections, speech, and work ; and 
formed others into rhythms and hymns, "the singing of 
which might produce fresher and stronger Efforts of Soul 
towards the Thing that is good." Some of these, with vari- 
ous details of his religious experiences, are printed in the 
Magnalia. 

At twelve years of age he entered college, and before 
many months "had accurately gone over all the Old Tes- 

VOL. III. 21 [April 12, 1884.] 



2,22 CLASS OF 1685. 

lament in Hebrew, as well as the New in Greek, besides his 
going through all the Liberal Sciences, before many other 
Designers for Philosophy do so much as begin to look, 
into them." 

In the first part of his Senior year in college, at the 

age of sixteen, he published anonymously, " 1685. | | 

The Boston Ephemeris. | An | Almanack | Of Ccelestial 
Motions of the Sun & | Planets, with some of the prin- 
cipal Aspects I For the Year of the Christian iEra | 
MDCLXXXV. I Being in our Account the second after | 
Leap-year, and from the Creation | 5634. | . . . | Fitted 
to the Meridian of Boston in New-England, | where the 
Artick Pole is elevated 42 gr. 21 m. | Boston, 1685." 
i6mo. pp. 16. Upon the title-page of this, in Judge 
Sewall's chirography, is " By Nath. Mather, Philom." 

In the following year he published another with his 
name and the same title, except in the adaptation of it to 
the year 1686. On this Judge Sewall wrote, " Rec d Xr. 
25. 1685." On one issued by S. D. 1 the same year, Judge 
Sewall writes respecting the eclipse of 19 November, 
"As to y e Eclips, see Sir Mather's Almanack." "The 
above ace' of y e Eclipse . . . was truer by much than Mr. 
Mathers." 

In both of the almanacs the years begin with March. 
Each of them contains accounts of astronomical discov- 
eries by means of the telescope, "which may seem strange 
and vulgar minds are unapt to believe them ; but they are 
real truths." 

At his graduation he gave "a good Account of the 
Academical Affairs among the ancient Jews" in the He- 
brew language, which "was become so Familiar with him, 
as if . . . he had apprehended, it should quickly become 
the only Language, which he should have Occasion for." 
On taking his second degree, after seven years in the 
' Samuel Danforth. 



ROWLAND COTTON. 323 

College, he ''maintained for his Position, Datur vacuum ; 
and by his Discourses upon it (as well as by other Memo- 
rials and Experiments left behind him in Manuscripts) he 
gave a Specimen of his Intimate Acquaintance with the 
Corpuscularian (and only right) Philosophy. By this time 
he . . . was admirably capable of arguing about, almost 
every Subject that fell within the Concernments of a 
Learned Man." 

S. Sewall, in his Diary, 25 September, 1688, writes: 
"Visit Mr. Nath 1 Mather sick at Salem at mr. Swiner- 
tons." On his gravestone at Salem were inscribed the 
words : "The Ashes of an hard Student, a good Scholar, 
and a great Christian." 

Authorities. — Massachusetts logical Register, ii. 1 1 ; vi. 20. J. 
Historical Society, Collections, Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 
xxxviii. 672. C. Mather, Magnalia, 173. S. Sewall, Manuscript Diary; 
IV. 11. x. 208 ; VI. Appendix, 86. and in Massachusetts Historical So- 
New England Historical and Genea- ciety's Collections, xlv. 227. 



ROWLAND COTTON. 

Born 1667, died 1722, aged 54. 

Rev. Rowland Cotton, M. A., born at Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, 27 December, 1667, was second son of 
John Cotton, IT. U. 1657, and brother of John Cotton, 
H.U. 1681, and grandson of the famous John Cotton, 
of Boston. 

January 5, 168 1-2, he was chosen one of the scholars 
of the house, and again, 5 December, 1683, and again, 1 
October, 1684. After graduation he became "acquainted 
with several of the Church party, who then began to in- 
crease among us," and " had an offer of service in the 
Episcopal way, which" he refused. At length he "un- 



324 CLASS OF 1685. 

dertook the work of the ministry in the Congregational 
way." March 11, 169 1-2, he was chosen to the pastoral 
office in Sandwich, Massachusetts; and "being willing to 
live near his parents who were then at Plymouth," he 
accepted the invitation in preference to one at Dedham. 
August 30, 1692, the church renewed their election of 
him. In 1693, the town voted that he might "improve 
so long as he continues here in the ministry, the small 
neck lying between the two runs of water." October 3, 
certain lands were voted to him, if he should remain min- 
ister during life. November 28, 1694, he was ordained 
as successor of John Smith. In 1696 it was ordered, "no 
suitable provision being yet made" for his "comfortable 
support," "that<£8o be assessed to be pd. to him Nov. 1, 
annually: provided, however, that he shall make void the 
agreement of individuals with himself for his maintenance, 
and that he shall remit yearly the proportion of all those 
neighbors generally called Quakers." In 1702 the town 
agreed to give him "all such drift whales as shall, during 
the time of his ministry in Sandwich, be driven or cast 
ashore within the limits of the town, being such as shall 
not be killed with hands." In 17 16 the town voted to 
him "the privilege of pasturing his horse in the burying- 
ground — he to fence it in, joining each end of the fence 
to the mill pond." 

The Quakers in Sandwich "both loved and feared him ; 
among whom when their speaker was dead he went and 
preached several lectures: He preached also among the 
Indians once a month." Grindall Rawson and Samuel 
Danforth, who in 169S visited, as commissioners, "the 
several plantations of Indians" in Massachusetts, in their 
Report, published in the tenth volume of the Collections 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society, state that "at 
Mashpah, belonging to Sandwich, we found another as- 
sembly of Indians, among whom the Rev. Rowland Cot- 



ROWLAND COTTON. 325 

ton frequently dispenses the word, unto whose good 
progress in the Indian language we cannot but subjoin 
our attestation, having heard him dispense the word to 
them, . . . being in number 57 families, in which are from 
ten years old and upwards 263 persons, divers of whom 
have the character of very sober men." 

"He refused an invitation from New London after 
their minister Mr. Saltonstall," H. U. 1684, "was made 
Governor; and it was thought he might have had an in- 
vitation to the Old Church in Boston if he would have 
encouraged it." 

" He had an excellent gift in Prayer, had a good faculty 
in making and delivering his sermons so that he was a 
celebrated and admired preacher. He once preached the 
Artillery Election Sermon, and also the General Election 
Sermon at Boston," respectively in 1706 and 1717, "and 
yet would never suffer any of his works to come out in 
print. He was often called abroad to publick service, or- 
dinations, councils, &c. He had & wrote as his father 
before him a multitude of letters, and in like manner edu- 
cated all his sons for the college." 

Although he had a small salary and a large family, yet 
through his own prudence, "his excellent wife's indus- 
try," and by legacies and good management, he became 
wealthy. "In person he was rather low than tall, of a 
ruddy countenance, a ve-ry handsome face, of a good mien 
& gesture & much of a gentleman in his garb & customs." 
In his last years "he was a very fat man & altho he had 
been for the most part healthy, yet he had some gouty 
pains running about him. . . . He made issues in his legs 
. . . but they proving sore & troublesome, especially in 
his journeying, by the advice of a doctor he dryed them 
up, & so the humours striking upwards, Nov. 1721, he 
languished and kept house for the most part till the March 
following. He got up every day to the last, which was 



326 CLASS OF 1685. 

March 1 8th. In the evening thereof, being much out of 
order, he went early to bed and died suddenly before nine 
o'clock that night." 

He was succeeded in the ministry by Benjamin Fessen- 
den, H. U. 1718. 

He married, September, 1692, Elizabeth, widow of John 
Denison, H. U. 1684, only daughter of Nathaniel Salton- 
stall, H. U. 1659, and sister of Gurdon Saltonstall, H. U. 
1684. They had eleven children, of whom were John, 
born 15 July, 1690, H. U. 1710, a classmate with Mrs. 
Cotton's son by her former husband ; Nathaniel, 13 June, 
1697, H. U. 1 7 1 7 ; Abigail, 1699, married S. Bourne, 
H. U. 1720 ; Rowland, 13 November, 1701, H. U. 17 1 9 ; 
Josiah, June, 1703, H. U. 1722; Ward, 8 September, 
171 1, H. U. 1729; Joanna, who married, 17 September, 
1719, J. Brown, H. U. 1714, and was mother of four 
graduates of Harvard College, and of a daughter, who mar- 
ried Edward Brooks, H. U. 1757. 

In the October after the death of his father, John Cot- 
ton, H.U. 1657, Rowland Cotton's widow and family 
moved to Newton, and resided with her son till the fol- 
lowing June, when they removed to Boston, where they 
lived till her death, 8 July, 1726. 

Authorities. — American Quar- chusetts Historical Society, Collec- 

terly Register, x. 247; xv. 58, 69. tions, viii. 125 ; x. 133 ; xiv. 161. C. 

Boston News-Letter, 1729, July 10; Mather, Ecclesiae Monilia, a Lec- 

1757, June 2. Josiah Cotton's Manu- ture on Mrs. Cotton, 24-42. New 

script Diary (copied by W. G. Brooks), England Historical and Genealogical 

16,30-39. F. Freeman, History of Register, i. 165; hi. 148; vii. 305; 

Cape Cod, i. 361 ; ii. 80-85, 90, 92. viii. 31. J. Savage, Genealogical 

Harvard College Corporation Rec- Dictionary, i. 464. J. Thacher, His- 

ords, i. 57, 67 ; iii. 73, 83. Massa- tory of Plymouth, 306. 



HENRY GIBBS. 327 

HENRY GIBBS. 

Born 1668, died 1723, aged 55. 

Rev. Henry Gibbs, M. A., of Watertown, Massachu- 
setts, born 8 October, 1668, was son of Robert Gibbs, 
of Boston, merchant, who came before 1660 from War- 
wickshire, England, and married, 7 October, 1660, Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Jacob and Margaret (Webb) SheafFe. 
He continued to study at Cambridge after his graduation. 
December 9, 1686, he was one of the "scholars of the 
house" for that year, "who were allowed each of them 
at least £5. Sir Gibbs's pension to be paid out of Mr. 
Webbs legacy." 

April 27, 1690, the graduate was admitted to the church 
in Watertown by John Bailey, the minister, who says, he 
"has sometimes preached for me, and now this quarter of 
a year has lived with me." October 14, 1690, the town 
voted "to treat with Mr. Henry Gibbs," and to give him 
£40 to be an assistant to Bailey. November 3, 1690, 
the committee reported to the town Gibbs's answer in the 
affirmative, and it was voted that his salary should begin 
that day. In a year or two Bailey moved to Boston. 

In 1692 an exciting controversy arose about the location 
of the meeting house, which stood near the old burying- 
ground, and but little more than a mile from Harvard 
College in Cambridge. This was far from the centre of 
the population or territory of Watertown, which then in- 
cluded the present towns of Waltham and Weston. In 
consequence of an appeal by the town to the Governor 
and Council, a committee was appointed, consisting of 
Lieutenant-Governor Stoughton, Chief Justice Samuel 
Sewall, and other leading men in the Province, with a 
promise by the town to "set down bv the determination 



328 CLASS OF 1685. 

of that committee." A protest against their decision was 
signed by eighty-two men and women residing in the east- 
ern part of the town, and by thirty-three men and women 
residing in the western part of the town, on the farms. A 
town meeting which followed became irregular and riot- 
ous, and the moderator, by advice, adjourned the meeting, 
"to prevent such inconvenience as might justly be feared 
by reason of the heat of spirit that then seemed to pre- 
vail." The parties continued to quarrel. 

Meanwhile repeated invitations to Gibbs to become the 
settled minister were declined by him, though he so far 
accepted them as to officiate statedly at the old meeting- 
house. In the summer of 1693 he was residing in Bos- 
ton, from which the inhabitants were moving into the 
country to escape an infection ; and the town voted to 
move his goods and to establish him among themselves in 
the house built for the minister. His engagements were 
renewed, at short intervals, by special applications. His 
sympathies were with the party at the old meeting-house, 
in which he had preached about seven years, and when the 
new one was built "he refused to preach even so much 
as one day" in it. Measures were then taken to secure 
another minister, and Samuel Angier, H. U. 1673, was 
chosen by the church. The controversy seems by this 
time to have been narrowed down principally to the in- 
habitants of what is now the territory of Waltham and 
Watertown. At the final meeting of the town for con- 
currence with the church, 28 September, 1696, Angier 
was called to preach 'at the new meeting-house. 

March 24, 1696-7, says Increase Mather in his Diary, 
"I was sent to Watertown, where was a Council of five 
churches, and an ordination of two ministers (Mr. Angier 
and Mr. Gibbs) intended, but, because of dissensions in 
the church, there was no ordination. The like not known 
in New England." July 2, 1697, at a town meeting of the 



HENRY GIBBS. T> 2 9 

two precincts, a committee was appointed "to treat with 
Rev. Mr. Gibbs to assist Rev. Mr. Angier," and "to pay 
him .£65, &c, if he accepts." Angier, hearing of Gibbs's 
call, wrote a note of concurrence, in which he says, "I do 
hereby signify my good liking and approbation of Mr. 
Gibbs his being joined with me in the work of the min- 
istry for the church and town in the new meeting-house." 
Gibbs did not accept this offer. Angier was ordained 25 
May, 1697. Judge Samuel Sewall writes: "October 6, 
1697. A Ch. is gathered at Watertown East-End, and 
Mr. Gibbs Ordained. Mr. Fox ordains, Mr. Sherman 
gives y e Right Hand of Fellowship. This was done in 
the Afternoon in the Open Aer, tho' a cold day. The 
Western party, having y e Select-Men on y r side, got pos- 
session of y e Meetinghouse, and would not suffer the As- 
sembly to enter there." The first baptism by Gibbs was 
7 November, and the first marriage 17 December, 1697. 

Angier was elected and settled by a majority of the 
votes of the church and the town ; his meeting-house was 
within the present limits of Watertown, and he was, at 
the time of his ordination, the only minister of the town. 
His society afterward became the church society of Wal- 
tham. Gibbs was neither elected nor settled by the town, 
but by a party at the east end. But his society occupied 
the old meeting-house ; the church records kept by Bailey 
passed into his hands ; and when the town was divided 
into two precincts, Angier's society, after his decease, 
built their meeting-house in the West Precinct, now Wal- 
tham, while the society which settled Gibbs embraced the 
whole of the Eastern Precinct (which is the present ter- 
ritory of Watertown), and a large number of the families 
which at first belonged to Angier's society. Moreover, 
there are no church records of Waltham anterior to those 
kept by Angier. 

The salaries of Angier and Gibbs were for a long time 



330 CLASS OF 1685. 

paid out of the common town treasury; but the expenses 
of building and repairing the meeting-houses led to a con- 
troversy which was continued till after Angier's death, 
and, 19 November, 1720. the General Court appointed a 
committee, which established a boundary between the two 
precincts. 

Gibbs's judicious conduct amid the strife with which 
he was surrounded secured to him the love and respect of 
all the inhabitants of the town. Without pretension "to 
what are commonly considered great or shining qualities, 
he had, what is far better, sound sense, warm piety, and a 
well-directed zeal in doing good." J. Barnard classes him 
among the learned, "pious, humble, prudent, faithful and 
useful men in their day." There is a tradition among his 
descendants that he wrote his sermons on the bellows in 
the chimney corner. As was common with the clergy of 
the time he compressed his manuscript into a very small 
compass. S. Sewall, H. U. 1804, had a fragment upon 
which J. Marrett, H. U. 1763, had written, "Piece of a 
Serm. of y e late Rev. Mr. Gibbs of Watertown : he wrote 
all his Serm* after this manner." "So near together," 
writes Sewall, "are the lines of this manuscript, that in 
some places fourteen of them, and seventeen, eighteen, and 
even nineteen in others, are crowded into a space of one 
inch in breadth. The writing in these lines . . . three 
inches each in length ... is of a corresponding fineness . . . 
each page of" the sermon "at a small distance from the 
eye appearing but little other than one uniform blur." 

Convers Francis, H. U. 1815, cites from Gibbs's Diary 
the following respecting the witchcraft delusion: "1692, 
30th May. This day I travelled to Salem. — 31st. I 
spent this day at Salem Village to attend the publick ex- 
amination of criminals (witches), and observe remarkable 
and prodigious passages therein. Wonder' d at what I 
saw, but how to judge and conclude am at a loss: to 



HENRY GIBBS. 33 1 

affect my heart, and induce me to more care and con- 
cernedness about myself and others, is the use I should 
make of it." 

Gibbs died, 21 October, 1723, and was buried in the 
old Watertown burying-ground. If it be true that Na- 
thaniel Appleton, of Cambridge, H. U. 1712, who married 
Gibbs's daughter, erected the monument over him and his 
wife, he may have written the following inscriptions : — 

"Hie I Depositae sunt reliquiae viri | veri venerandi | 
Henrici Gibbs. Ecclesiae Christi | apud Aquitonienses Pas- 
toris I vigilantissimi, | Pietate fulgente eruditione non | 
mediocri, gravitate singulari : | spectatissimi : | peritia in 
divinis, prudentia in humanis, | accuratione in concioni- 
bus, copia in precibus, | praecellentis : | Qui per aerumnas 
vitae doloresque mortis | requiem tandem invenit | die 
Octobris 21 Anno Dom. MDCCXXIII | JEtatis Sua? 
LVI." 

"Hie I Etiam depositur corpus Mercy Gibbs | Conjux 
sua dilectissima, | Quae expiravit in Domino 24 Januarii | 
Anno Domini ME>CCXVI. | ^tatis Suae XLI." 

In his will, proved 11 November, 1723, Gibbs says: 
"I do give and bequeath to the Eastern Church of Christ 
in Watertown to which I have borne a Pastoral Relation, 
for the Encouragement of the Gospel Ministry there, my 
four Acres of Pasture Land & Three Acres of Marsh, 
Scittuate in the East end of said Town, for the use of 
s d Church for ever : and I also give to said Church my 
Silver Bowl with a foot." A part of this bequest still 
constitutes a portion of what is called the "ministerial 
fund. ' 

"And further it is my will, that within Two years after 
my youngest Child comes of Age, an Hundred pounds 
be paid by my Heirs for y e use of Harvard College, forty 
Pounds thereof By my Son, and Twenty pounds apiece 
by my Daughters ; the yearly Interests to be exhibited to 



332 CLASS OF 1685. 

such members of the College as need it, firstly to my Chil- 
dren's posterity if they Desire it." 

A full-length portrait of him, taken in 1.670, is in pos- 
session of his descendants. 

Gibbs married, 9 June, 1692, Mercy, daughter of 
William Greenough, and had, (1.) Elizabeth, born 12 
January, 1695-6, died 26 May, 1706; (2.) Mercy, 23 
December, 1696, became second wife of the Reverend 
Benjamin Prescott, H. U. 1709, of Danvers ; (3.) Mar- 
garet, 3 July, 1699, married the Reverend Nathaniel Ap- 
pleton, H. U. 1712, of Cambridge ; (4.) Henry, 16 March, 
1702, died 16 September, 1703; (5.) William, 11 July, 
1704, died 10 August, 17 1 5 ; (6.) Mehitable, 8 January, 
1706, married Benjamin Marston, of Salem, H. U. 17 15 ; 
(7.) Henry, 13 May, 1709, H. U. 1726. 



1. The I Right Method of | Safety | or, | The Just Concern | 
of the I People of God, | To | Joyn a Due Trust in Him, with | 
a Diligent Use of Means | As it was Propounded in a Sermon | 
Preached at Boston to the Artillery | Company, of the Massachu- 
setts-Bay I in N. E. on the 5th. of June 1704. j being the Day for 
their Election | of Officers. || Boston : Printed by B. Green. 
1704. sm. 8vo or i6mo. pp. 46. JEZ, TV. 

2. Bethany, | Or, The House of | Mourning. | Being | a Ser- 
mon Delivered in such | an House. | Offering some Directions and 
Consolations | under | Bereaving Dispensations. || Boston, Printed 
and Sold by T. Green, in Middle Street. 17 14. P. (1) To Mr. 
William Robie in Boston. Watertown, Decemb. 10. 1 71 3 ; pp. 
1-28. H. 

3. The Certain | Blessedness | Of All those, | Whose Sins are j 
Forgiven; | Considered, Confirmed, and Applyed, | From Psalm 
xxxii. 1, 2. || Boston: Printed by S. Kneeland, for D. Henchman, 
at the Corner Shop opposite to the Brick Meeting-House in Corn- 
Hill. 1 721. 8vo. Pp. i-vi Preface. Benjamin Wadsworth. 
Boston, April 7th. 1720; Pp. i-i6oText. H. 

4. Godly Children | their | Parents Joy ; | Exhibited in Sev- 
eral I Sermons | By | the Reverend & Learned | Henry Gibbs, 



HENRY GIBBS. 7,3$ 

M. A. | Late Pastor of a Church in Watertown. || Boston : Printed 
by S. Kneeland, & T. Green, for D. Henchman, at the Corner 
Shop, on the South-side of the Town-House. 1727. i2mo. 
Pp. i-xiv Preface. Boston, Jan. 21. 1727. Benjamin Colman ; 
pp. 1-93 Text; p. (1) Advertisement. A, H. 

Colman in the Preface, page xi, says : " But I forget that I am 
only writing a Preface, and that but to a small Book, and a very 
good one that needs nothing of mine to be added to it. The good 
People of Watertown who press'd me to this Service will, I hope, 
easily forgive me the length I have gone ; and having shown this 
respect to the labours and memory of their deceased Pastor as to 
send this posthumous Piece to the Press, I trust will now treasure it 
up in their hearts, put into the hands of their Housholds, and teach 
it diligently to their Children, for whom, as well as for Themselves, 
it is well adapted to make saving Impressions, if God add his 
Blessing. . . . 

"I will presume to add my wish, That the Students at Cambridge, 
(where the Learned Author was so well known and honour'd while 
he lived) would wear this little Book about them, and make it a 
Fade mecum ; study the plain and easy Rules of it, and weigh well 
the powerful and strong Motives in it ; 'till their whole Soul re- 
ceive the rich Leven of it, and they go into that Wisdom taught in 
it, which will render 'em the Joy and Crown as well of their Country 
as of their Parents. . . . 

"Such are the Sermons here commended to You ; and such Ser- 
mons as these, in the ordinary course of Preaching, will give a 
Man Character and praise eno' in the Churches of Christ, as a wise 
and faithful Pastor, and as a judicious & learned Preacher. To say 
more of the Gifts of one of the most modest and retired men while 
he liv'd, would be to offer some kind of Violence to Him now he is 
dead." 

5. " Attempt at Versification on the Word of God," in twenty- 
four stanzas, appended to a collection of his manuscript sermons in 
the library of the Essex Historical Institute at Salem. 

Authorities. — American Quar- 144. W. Gibbs, Family Notices, 2. 

terly Register, xi. 47, 54 ; xiv. 254. W. T. Harris, Epitaphs from the Old 

H. Bond, Family Memorials, 236, Burying-Ground in Watertown, (ed. 

1050- 1054. C. Francis, Historical E. D. Harris) 24. T. Hutchinson, 

Sketch of Watertown, 53, 58-66, 73, History of Massachusetts-Bay, i. 172. 



334 class of 1685. 

S. Kendal, Century Sermon, 25. versity, i. 433, 477. J. Savage, Gene- 
Massachusetts Historical Society, alogical Dictionary, ii. 246, 309. S. 
Collections, x. 68, 170 ; xiii. 274, 277 ; Sewall, Manuscript Diary; and in 
xlv. 460. Middlesex County, Probate Massachusetts Historical Society's 
Records. New England Historical Collections, xlv. 460. W. B. Sprague, 
and Genealogical Register, vi. 76. Annals of the American Pulpit, i. 202, 
J. Cuiincy, History of Harvard Uni- 303. 



THOMAS BERRY. 

Born 1663, died 1696 ? aged 33 ? 



Thomas Berry, M. A., born 6 March, 1663, in Bos- 
ton, son of Captain Thomas Berry, of Boston and Ips- 
wich, "Master-Mariner," and his wife, Grace, daughter 
of Major John and Grace Hayman, of Charlestown. 

December 28, 1686, he married Margaret, second 
daughter of President John Rogers, H. U. 1649. In an 
interesting letter dated in 17 16, after his widow had long 
been married to President Leverett, she writes : " I was 
married something above thirty years ago to Mr. Berry, a 
very worthy man and a good husband. He was brought 
up at our College, afterwards commander of a good ship, 
in which he lost his life in a fight with a French privateer. 
. . . I had by him two sons & two daughters. Y e two first 
I buried, y e other son and daughter are living and mar- 
ried. She has had one child and lost it. ... I was married 
again within two years to Mr. Leverett, a bachelor, a gen- 
tleman, who might have pretended to any young lady in 
New England, yet found something agreeable, and run y e 
risque of that fatal proverb (and I hope saw it confuted) 
that he which marrieth a widow with two children marries 
three [thieves?]. ...We have been married just upon 
twenty years." The children who lived to become adults 
were Elizabeth, born 20 September, 1693, who married 



JOHN WHITING. 335 

Daniel Appleton ; and Thomas, H. U. 1712, who was 
born in 1695. An inference as to the date of the death 
of Berry may be drawn from the fact that the widow was 
married to President Leverett, 25 November, 1697, which 
was "within two years" after "he lost his life." 

Judge Sewall wrote, 19 June, 1696 : "News is brought 
to Town of Capt Berries being slain." Probably he was 
killed in the latter part of the year 1695 or beginning of 
1696. He is starred in Mather's Magnalia. 

Authorities. — Essex Institute Family of Thomas Berry, 1884, Jan- 
Historical Collections, iii. 8, 9. N. uary 7. J. Savage, Genealogical 
R. Farley, Letter, 1S80, July 20. [C. Dictionary, i. 171 ; iii. 82. S. Sewall, 
E. Leverett,] Memoir of Sir John Diary ; and in Massachusetts His- 
Leverett, etc., 130. H. D. Lord, torical Society's Collections, xlv. 428. 



JOHN WHITING. 

Born 1664, killed 1697, aged 32. 



Rev. John Whiting, M. A., of Lancaster, born 1 July, 
1664, was second son and third child of Samuel Whiting, 
of Billerica, H. U. 1653. His mother was Dorcas, born 
1 November, 1637, daughter of Leonard Chester of Weth- 
ersfield, Connecticut. He was invited, February, 1688, 
to preach as a candidate for settlement at Lancaster, Mas- 
sachusetts. At the same time the town voted to build 
a house for their minister. When it was completed, the 
inhabitants "at a town meeting, January 3, 1690, agreed 
to make conveyance to Mr. Whiting of the house and land 
formerly granted by the town. And the town the same 
time went out of the house, and gave Mr. John Whiting 
possession thereof in behalf of the whole above written, 
formerly granted by the town." It was known as the 
"ministers garrison." 



336 CLASS OF 1685. 

"Wednesday, December 3, 1690," writes Judge Sewall, 
"A Church is gathered, and Mr. John Whiting Ordained 
Minister at Lancaster. Mr. Sam 1 Whiting" H. U. 1653, 
"gives him his Charge, Mr. Estabrooks," H. U. 1664, 
"gives y e Right hand of Fellowship; Mr. Brinsmead & 
others there." There had been several preachers at Lan- 
caster, but no settled clergyman since Joseph Rowlandson, 
H. U. 1652, who was there at the destruction of the town 
by the Indians, in 1676. September 11, 1697, the Indi- 
ans, who for some time had been lurking in the neighbor- 
hood, contemplated another attack on the garrison, and 
"were just ready to rush into it," but "supposing they 
were discover'd, gave over that Design ; and fir'd at such 
as were out in the Fields. . . . Whiting being on some Oc- 
casion at a Distance from his Garrison, they surpriz'd and 
kill'd him. They indeed offer'd him Quarter; but he 
chose rather to fight to the last, than resign himself to 
those whose tender Mercies are Cruelty. At the same 
Time they kill'd Twenty others ; . . . wounded two, but not 
mortally; and captivated Six, five of whom returned." 
It is stated that Whiting was shot and scalped about noon, 
and that three houses were burnt with several aged people 
in them. 

John Prentice, H.U. 1700, was the next ordained min- 
ister, Andrew Gardner, H.U. 1696, who had received a 
call, having been killed before he was ordained. 

Whiting married, about 1693 or 1694, Alice, daughter 
of Joseph Cooke, of Cambridge, H. U. 1661, and had 
Alice, born in December, 1694, and Eunice, born in 1696, 
both of whom died at Cambridge, in 1697. A stone 
standing at the graves of these children, in the old burying- 
ground at Cambridge, has on it the following inscription : 
"Here lyes y e children | of John & Alice | Whiteing. | 
Alice Whiteing Aged 1 years & 10 M° | Died | October 
19 1697. I Eunice Whiteing | Aged 1 year Died | No- 
vember 4 1697." 



EDWARD MILLS. 



337 



After the death of her husband, the widow married, 9 
May, 1 70 1, the Reverend Timothy Stevens, of Glaston- 
bury, Connecticut, H. U. 1687. 



Authorities. — American Quar- 
terly Register, x. 50, 59; xiv. 402. 
C. Bartol, Sermon at the Ordination 
of George M. Bartol, 43, 44. H. 
Bond, Genealogies of Watertown, 
737, 73§- J- Farmer, Memoir of 
Billerica, 16, 29 ; and Genealogical 
Register, 314. N. Goodwin, Gene- 
alogical Notes, 20. T. Harrington, 
Century Sermon, 18. W. T. Harris, 
Epitaphs from the Old Burying- 
Ground in Cambridge, 25. A. Hill, 
Discourse at the Interment of N. 
Thayer, 34. A. P. Marvin, History 
of Lancaster, 124, 128, 159, 249, 456, 
539, 646. New England Historical 



and Genealogical Register, vi. 74. 
T. Niles, in Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society's Collections, xxvi. 344. 
L. R. Paige, History of Cambridge, 
514. S. Sewall, Manuscript Diary; 
and in Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety's Collections, xlv. 337. W. 
Whiting, Memoir of Samuel Whit- 
ing-, 205. P. Whitney, History of 
the County of Worcester, 41. G. H. 
Whitman, Letters, 1S68, May 12, 23. 
J. Willard, History of Lancaster, in 
the Worcester Magazine, ii. 296, 300, 
316, 317; and Address at the Cen- 
tennial Celebration at Lancaster, 114. 



EDWARD MILLS. 

Born 1665, died 1732, aged 67. 

Edward Mills, M. A., born 29 June, 1665, was son 
of John Mills, of Braintree, husbandman, whose wife was 
Elizabeth Shove, probably sister of the Reverend George 
Shove, third minister of Taunton, Massachusetts. He 
taught the school in Dorchester from 1687 to 1692, under 
two contracts, respectively in 1687 and 1689, in one of 
which he was to have an annual salary of £20 in grain 
and <£io in money, and the improvement of the school 
land at Smelt Brook, and "the school meadow over the 
water," which is supposed to be "the piece of salt marsh 
at Farm-bar, containing 5 a. 3 qr. 22 r." He went to Bos- 
ton, where he taught, partly under the patronage of the 
Society for Propagating the Gospel. He died on Tuesday 

VOL. III. 22 [April 14, 1S84.1 



338 CLASS OF 1685. 

night, 7 November, 1732, having "been a worthy School- 
Master in the Town upwards of Forty Years : Aged 67 
Years, and was decently Interr'd," states the New Eng- 
land Journal, of 13 November, 1732, "on Saturday last, 
his Scholars Walking in Order before the Corpse." 

He married Mehitable, born 4 and baptized 18 June, 
1665, widow of Henry Messinger, and daughter of Stephen 
Minot, of Dorchester, whose wife was Truecross, daughter 
of Captain Richard Davenport, of the Castle. She derived 
her name, it is supposed, from being born in the year 
when the company of which her father was standard-bearer 
and Endicott commander cut the red cross from the 
flag, as a relic of Popish superstition. Mills's wife died 16 
August, 1690, aged 25. That he was married again may 
be inferred from the suffix to his name when Samuel 
Granger was appointed by the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel "to succeed Mr. Edward Mills, Sen., lately de- 
ceased, to instruct the children of such indigent members 
of the Church of England, gratis, as are not able to pay 
the same." 

"A Petition of Jacob Wendell, Esq., and Mr. Charles 
Apthorp, Merchants, Executors of the Testament of Ed- 
ward Mills late of Place?itia Merchant, deceased," for ex- 
tending the time of the settlement of the estate, was before 
the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 16 June, 
1739. ^ n Inventory of the property of Edward Mills, 
Jr., is recorded in Vol. VIII. page 301 of the Suffolk 
Probate Records. 

Authorities. — S. G. Drake, His- June 16 J. Savage, Genealogical 

tory and Antiquities of Boston, 596. Dictionary, iii. 214, 218. J. A. Vin- 

History of Dorchester, 443, 502, 503. ton, Vinton Memorial, 342. 
Massachusetts House Journals, 1739, 



JOHN ELIOT. 339 

JOHN ELIOT. 

Born 1667, died 17 19, aged 52. 

John Eliot, M. A., of Guilford and Windsor, Con- 
necticut, son of the Reverend John Eliot of Newton, 
Massachusetts, H. U. 1656, by his second wife, Elizabeth 
Gookin, and grandson of the Apostle Eliot, was born 
28 April, 1667. He was educated, says Jackson, by his 
grandfather, Major-General Daniel Gookin, of Cambridge; 
who, 12 September, 1682, applied to the College Corpora- 
tion for a Scholarship for him, stating that "His father 
left him but smal matters (except his bookes) of outward 
things in order to bring him up to learning, which was his 
last desire at his death." He studied divinity, and "en- 
tered upon the work of the ministry," and for that reason 
had his taxes abated, 12 October, 1692, as mentioned in a 
note to William Denison, H. U. 1681, page 240. 

He went to Guilford, Connecticut, where his uncle, 
Joseph Eliot, H. U. 1658, who died 24 May, 1694, was 
the clergyman, and wished him to pursue the clerical pro- 
fession. Much to the scandal and regret of his uncle, as 
appears from his will, he became a lawyer and politician. 

At a town meeting, 29 October, 1694, he was chosen 
the schoolmaster for half a year, "to begin as soon as he 
can be agreed withal." January 22, 1695-6, the town 
voted land in the Fourth Division, and a portion was 
voted to him as a gift. In 1696, and again in 1697, he 
was chosen Deputy for Guilford to the General Court. 
In May, 1697, he was appointed one of the committee to 
revise the laws preparatory to the published revision of 
1702. 

January 19, 1696-7, the town desired him to go on 
"keeping school according former agreement." He next 



34-0 CLASS OF 1685. 

appears as attorney for William Hoadley against Branford, 
and generally as a practising attorney. He removed to 
Windsor about 1699 or 1700, and in May, 1701, and 
for many subsequent sessions, he was Representative or 
Deputy. In May, 1702, he was Speaker of the Lower 
House. 

In May, 1 70 1, he was appointed by the General Assem- 
bly Justice of the Peace aiVd Quorum for Hartford County, 
and afterwards Judge of Hartford County Court. He 
was appointed on the boundary committee for Connecti- 
cut in connection with Rhode Island. In October, 1704, 
he was put in nomination for the Governor's Council, and 
again the next year, but failed of an election. 

In the old Windsor burial-ground is a horizontal slab 
over his grave, stating that he died "March y e 25. Anno 
Christi 1719, iEtatis suae LII." 

His will, dated 7 September, 171 8, was proved 3 April, 
1719. From the will of his uncle Joseph, it appears that 
he had one third of the estate of his grandfather, to whom 
also must have belonged a great number of old books and 
pamphlets in Greek, Latin, French, and English, which 
are mentioned in his inventory. Jackson states that his 
father, who died 13 October, 1668, desired in his will that 
his house and land should be kept for his son John, for 
his inheritance, to enter upon after his mother's decease. 
It continued to be the property of this son John as long 
as he lived. After his death it was sold to Henry Gibbs, 
Esq., for £415, in October, 1733, by order of the Gen- 
eral Court, on the petition of Jonathan Ellsworth, Esq., 
and Mary, the widow of Eliot, executors of his will. 
They say that the place was given to him by his father's 
will, and they pray that it may be sold for the purpose of 
raising money to carry his son John (then seventeen years 
old) through Yale College. Henry Gibbs sold the Eliot 
homestead in 1736, for £300, to the Reverend John 



SAMUEL SHEPARD. 341 

Cotton, H.U. 1710, and in 1765 Cotton's heirs sold it 
to Charles Pelham. 

October 31, 1699, Eliot married Elizabeth, widow of 
James Mackman, of Windsor, and daughter of Thomas 
Stoughton, born or baptized 18 November, 1660, and 
died 24 November, 1702. She was some seven years 
older than Eliot, and had no children by either husband. 
December 19, 1706, he married Mary, who was born 
about 1686, and died in 1746, daughter of John and Mary 
(Chester) Wolcott, of Windsor. Their children were: — 
(1.) Mary, born 28 March, 1708, married the Reverend 
Isaac Burr, Y. C. 17 17 ; (2.) Ann, 12 February, 1710, 
married, 1. George Holloway, 2. Joseph Banks, of Read- 
ing; \3-) Elizabeth, 14 May, 171 2, married Thomas 
Chandler, of Woodstock ; (4.) Sarah, married the Rever- 
end Joshua Eaton, H. U. 1735, of Spencer, Massachu- 
setts ; (5.) John, 21 January, 1 717, a man of some note 
in Spencer; (6.) Hannah, 9 November, 17 19. 

Authorities. — Connecticut Rec- April 20. J. Savage, Genealogical 

ords (ed. C. J. Hoadly), iv. F.Jack- Dictionary, ii. no; iv. 622; also 

son, History of Newton, 252, 275, Letter, 1S50, November 6. R. D. 

276. S. Judd, Letters, 1848, May Smith, Letter, 1868, November 11. 

3; 1850, March 25. Massachu- H. R. Stiles, Ancient Windsor, 598, 

setts Historical Society, Collections, 807, S29. J. W. Thornton, Letter, 

xxxviii. 627. New England Histori- 1850, November 5. Memorial of 

cal and Genealogical Register, v. Henry Wolcott, and of some of his 

458. W. S. Porter, Letter, 1S54, Descendants, 65. 



SAMUEL SHEPARD. 

Born 1667, died 1722-3, aged 55. 

Samuel Shepard, B. A., only child of Samuel Shepard 
of Rowley, H. U. 1658, by Dorothy, daughter of the 
Reverend Henry Flint, and grandson of Thomas Shep- 



342 CLASS OF 1685. 

ard of Cambridge, was born 10 or 19, and baptized 25 
August, 1667. His father in his will, made three days 
before his death, which occurred 7 April, 1668, and before 
the son was eight months old, gives to him his whole 
"Estate in or about Rowley. . . . And the Care and edu- 
cation of him . . . into the hands of" his "honoured father 
and mother flint . . . the whole Estat ... to be improved 
by them according unto their best discression for to make 
them to bring him up with such education as they in their 
wisdom shall Thinke best untill he come of age." The 
estate was appraised at .£515 11s. 6d. The Reverend 
Henry Flint died 27 April, 1668, — twenty days after 
Shepard, — leaving his widow to be sole executrix of the 
will, and to educate the son. March 13, 1671-2, the 
town voted that a farm of one hundred acres be granted 
to young Samuel Shepard, to come into possession of 
w r hen he shall arrive at twenty-one years of age. 

In October, 1695, he appears as the minister at Wood- 
bridge, New Jersey, on a salary of fifty pounds ; and in 
May following, thirty acres of land and a house were 
granted to him, provided he should return from New 
England, which he was about to visit, and be permanently 
settled in the ministry. In 1697, sixty pounds, instead 
of fifty, were allowed him, he having been "at the charge 
of his diet the year past." 

In March, 1696, William Webster, maintaining "that 
it was contrary to his conscience to pay any thing towards 
y e maintenance of a minister," Captain John Bishop agreed 
to pay for him as long as he should live. The consequence 
was, that, in the following year, so many others adopted 
Webster's course that the town found it necessary to issue 
distraining warrants against those who refused to pay the 
amounts levied on them for Shepard's support. In Feb- 
ruary, 1700, it was found necessary to raise Shepard's 
salary by voluntary subscription, instead of levying it, as 



SAMUEL SHEPARD. 343 

previously, in the common rate for the town. At the 
same time a committee was appointed to settle all differ- 
ences with their "dissenting neighbors, the Quakers," in 
reference to their support of "the publique ministry." 

In July, 1698, the walls of the meeting-house, of which 
the galleries had not long been finished, though voted in 
1686, were to be whitewashed, and a new pulpit built 
"forthwith." Possibly this may have had some connec- 
tion with his marriage, for on the fourteenth day of that 
month he married Alice, born 16 June, 1668, daughter of 
Arthur and Joanna (Parker) Mason, of Boston, Massachu- 
setts, the stout patriotic constable who is mentioned by 
Hutchinson, i. 253-255. 

April 10, 1 701, a committee was chosen to confer with 
him about being ordained. June 24, they reported "that 
his wife is so advers to his Setling here, that tho he is 
otherwise willing to be ordained, he cannot admit of or- 
dination to setle as a minister in this town ; and it being 
moved to him, that his wife upon second thoughts might 
be persuaded, Mr. Shepard replyed, there is no hope of 
my wifes complyance with my setling here, and therefore 
I would advise you to look out for another." Another 
committee was authorized to negotiate with him, but, 23 
July, they too reported that "his wife is utterly adverse 
to his setling here, and he concludes shee will so remaine 
if we should still wait longer for a change of her mind; 
and therefore adviseth us to have no farther dependence 
on him." Steps were then taken to obtain a successor. 
In January, 1702, he was requested to preach for the town 
until another minister could be obtained. George Keith 
writes, December 29, 1703: "Preached at the Indepen- 
dents Meeting House, in Woodbridge, at the desire of 
Mr. Shepherd, and some others there, on 1 Tim. 3. 16. 
After Sermon Mr. Shepherd kindly entertained us at his 
house." 



344 class of 1685. 

July 13, 1706, for £71 he deeds to Lieut. Thomas 
Hammond "alsoe four acres more layd out for planting 
Land, together with Land granted for a pasture to my 
ffather Mr. Samuel Shepard Deceased Minister in Rowley," 
and in the deed describes himself to be "Samuel Shepard 
one of her Maj t,cs Justices of y e peace in y e Towne of 
Woodbridge in y e Countey of Middlesex in y e province 
of New Jersey." He probably died in the latter part of 
1722 or beginning of 1723, for the Suffolk Probate Rec- 
ords, xxiii. 79, 17 March, 1723, have the oath of Nathan- 
iel Shepard on the "Inventory of the Estate of Samuel 
Shepard, late of Woodbridge deceased." 

Authorities. — L. M. Boltwood, alogical Dictionary, iv. 75. W. A. 

Letter, 184S, July 10. S. Congar, Whitehead, Contributions to the 

Letter, 1857, May 2. T. Gage, His- Early History of Perth Amboy, etc., 

tory of Rowley. 19, 74, 75, 388. G. 3S4-386. 
Keith, Journal, 78. J. Savage, Gene- 



PETER RUCK. 

Born about 1666, died 1690? aged 24? 

Peter Ruck, B. A., son of Thomas, innholder in 
Boston, who was married, 22 July, 1656, to Margaret 
Clark, was nine years old in 1675. Mr. Winthrop's In- 
terleaved Triennial Catalogue has "Merchant in Boston, 
Brother to Justice Ruck." Judge Sewall, January 3, 
1690-1, writes: "M,rs. Ruck buried this Day, Sam. 
Clark's Aunt; outliving her Son but a very little while"; 
— probably alluding to this graduate, he being starred 
before 1698. 

Authorities. — New England script Diary; and in Massachusetts 

Historical and Genealogical Register, Historical Society's Collections, xlv. 

v. 47. J. Savage, Genealogical Die- 339. 
tionary, iii. 584. S. Sewall, Manu- 



ISAAC GREENWOOD. JOHN -WHITE. 345 

ISAAC GREENWOOD. 

Died 1 701. 

Isaac Greenwood, B. A., son of Nathaniel Green- 
wood, of Boston, and Mary, daughter of Samuel Allen, 
of Braintree, married, 6 September, 1694, Ann, born 
24 and baptized 26 July, 1674, daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Joseph Lynde, of Charlestown. Greenwood 
died abroad, shipmaster and mariner, in 1701. Letters 
of administration to his widow Anna, with an inventory of 
his estate, both dated in October, 1701, may be found in 
the Suffolk Probate Records, xiv. 406, with a supplemen- 
tary account in October, 1707, xvi. 363. In 1707, his 
widow Anna asks allowance for the expenses of sickness 
and funeral charges of the deceased child of her late hus- 
band, calling herself Anna Phillips. She had married, 
11 September, 1702, for a second husband, John Phillips, 
Junior, mariner, as his second wife, he being son of Col- 
onel John Phillips, of Charlestown. 

Greenwood left no other child. 

Authorities. — J. J. Greenwood, Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 311 ; iii. 
Letters, 1859, February 5, December 412. 
10; 1861, January 28. J. Savage, 



JOHN WHITE. 

Born 1669, died 1721, aged about 52. 

John White, M. A., born at Roxbury, perhaps the 
son of John White who married Elizabeth, eldest daugh- 
ter of Elder John Bowles, entered college in 168 1, at the 
age of twelve years. October 12, 1692, as mentioned in 



346 class of 1685. 

a note to William Denison, H. U. 168 1, he was exempted 
from a tax in Roxbury, on the ground of his "having taken 
two degrees and entered upon the work of the ministry." 

"His first publick Appearance was as a Chaplain to 
Sir William Phipps when Governour, ... to whom, and 
all Persons of Figure in the Town, he then indear'd him- 
self, by a shining Ingenuity, Wisdom, Humility, and 
Piety, the crown of all. After Sir William s Death, He 
was for Three Years successively chosen One of the Rep- 
resentatives for the Town of Boston, and Twenty Years 
together Annually chosen Clerk of the Honourable House 
of Representatives; Which Trust he discharg'd with great 
Reputation," says The Boston News-Letter, "and it has 
made him known and honour'd thro* the Land, for "his 
powers, and great Integrity and Zeal for his Country." 
Hutchinson speaks of him as "a gentleman of unspotted 
character. He was no zealous party man, but his most 
intimate friends, who esteemed him and sought his com- 
pany for the sake of his valuable accomplishments, were 
strongly attached to the Governor. This alone was enough 
to dismiss him" in 1721, and William Payne, H. U. 1689, 
was chosen clerk in his stead. 

He was one of the twenty-two proprietors of Leicester, 
Massachusetts. In 1714 he was one of the trustees of 
the Province loan of fifty thousand pounds, in bills issued 
at five per cent, upon mortgages of real estate, to the 
people of the Province, as a substitute for a bank, for 
which many were clamoring. "His peculiar Modesty 
made him industriously shun places of Profit and Honour, 
which the Government would once and again have con- 
ferr'd upon him." 

November 15, 1697, he was chosen Fellow of Harvard 
College. His name for a member of the College Cor- 
poration is found in the several charters proposed in 1697, 
1699, and 1700. 



JOHN WHITE. 347 

October 27, 17 13, he was chosen Treasurer of the 
College to succeed Thomas Brattle, H. U. 1671, who 
died on the 13th of the preceding May. When the com- 
mittee waited on Governor Dudley to present the nomi- 
nation, and to ask for a meeting of the Overseers to 
confirm it, "His Excy was pleased to manifest his dis- 
satisfaction, . . . thot it w d be Mr. White's prudl not to 
accept," and directed them "to consid r whether" they "w d 
insist on a meeting of the Overseers." Dudley, besides 
other reasons for his opposition, had "a vehement desire" 
that his youngest son, Colonel William Dudley, H. U. 
1704, should be elected. The Corporation did not insist 
upon an immediate meeting of the Overseers, but they 
chose William Brattle, H. U. 1680, to act as Treasurer 
till a Treasurer was determined on. They took no meas- 
ures to reconsider the election of White; and after the 
lapse of nearly a year, as they persisted in their choice, 
Dudley ordered a meeting of the Overseers in an irregular 
manner, on a notice of only three days. The friends of 
the Corporation and the enemies of Dudley rallied in 
favor of White, and he was confirmed. Circumstances, 
not now known, prevented White from entering upon the 
duties till July, 171 5. He served the College as Treasurer 
till his death, 11 December, 1721, "even as a Father to 
that Society, not only in a faithful Care of its Estate, but 
also in a wise and prudent Government of it, as he was a 
Member of that Corporation." 

When the small-pox broke out in 1721, of 5,889 per- 
sons who took it, 844 died. Inoculation was introduced, 
"contrary to the minds of the inhabitants in general, and 
not without hazard, to the lives of those who promoted 
it, from the rage of the people." Of 286 who were inocu- 
lated, chiefly by Doctor Boylston, only six died, one of 
whom was White, who, according to Boylston, "thro* 
splenetic Delusions, died rather from Abstinence than the 



348 class of 1685. 

Small-Pox." He was "a weak and infirm Man, and had 
been so near 30 Years, sometime consumptive and very 
splenetic, . . . though very cautious and timorous, yet 
wou'd be inoculated." 

To cite the Boston News-Letter again, " He was a good 
Scholar, his Conversation Bright and Pleasant, Grave and 
Profitable. He was a valuable Friend, of great Sincerity 
— Wise in Council and Excellent in Prudence. His 
whole Life was adorned with strict v ertue, open and un- 
affected Religion. His Funeral was attended with great 
Honour and Respect." 

S. Sewall writes: "Dec!" 11 th 172 1. Mr. John White 
dies a Minut or 1 after 8 in y e morning. Had been 
Clerk of y e House of Deputies for 20 years together; a 
very good Clerk. I don't kno but he might lay to heart 
his being left out this year. Was a very good Treasurer 
of the College, a Comissioner for the Loan, and a Signer 
of y e Bills. He succeeded me in being Praecentor in y e 
South Meetinghouse and did it very sweetly." Decem- 
ber 13. "Buried; Bearers, Sewall, Leverett ; Davenport, 
Hutchinson ; Fitch, Dudley. Was laid in Mr. Belcher's 
Tomb, y e upermost of the Wall in y e South burying place. 
Gloves and Rings." 

His brothers, John, a ship-carpenter, and Joseph, a 
house-carpenter, administered on his estate. 

Authorities. — Boston News- Ouincy, History of Harvard Univer- 

Letter, 1721, December 18. Z. Boyl- sity, i. 207, 290, 411, 492, 522, 530- 

ston, Historical Account of the Small- 532; ii. 235. S. Sewall, Manuscript 

Pox (2d ed.), iii. 20, 34. J. B. Felt, Diary ; and in Massachusetts His- 

History of Ipswich, 93, 312. T. torical Society's Collections, xlvii. 

Hutchinson, History of Massachu- 296, 297. E. Washburn, Historical 

setts Bay, ii. 250,273. J. Leverett, Sketch of Leicester, 12. 
Manuscript Diary, 78, 80, 94. J. 



JONATHAN PIERPONT. 349 

JONATHAN PIERPONT. 

Born 1665, died 1709, aged 44. 

Rev. Jonathan Pierfont, M. A., who wrote his name 
Peirpont, as appears by a fac-simile in the History of 
Dorchester, page 500, and in the New England Histori- 
cal and Genealogical Register, xiii. 255, was son of Rob- 
ert Pierpont of Roxbury, whose wife was Sarah, "baptized 
14 (2) 1639," daughter of Thomas Lynde. He was born 
1 1 June, 1665. 

From his Diary it appears that, when about five years 
old, as he was leading a horse, he fell down and "might 
have been killed immediately" if the horse "had born his 
weight on" the side of his head on which he "set his 
foot." 

He entered college 10 July, 1682, took his first de- 
gree 1 July, 1685, and on the 4th removed from Cam- 
bridge to his father's house. February 1, 1685-6, he 
went to Dorchester to keep school. While in college 
"it pleased God to awaken" him "by the Death of y l 
pious Youth Edw. Dudley," and while at Dorchester "by 
the word preached." August 8, 1686, he preached his 
"first sermon at Milton." July 31, 1687, he "was in- 
vited to preach at Deadham for a Quarter of a year," 
accepted the call, "left teaching" at Dorchester, and went 
to his "Father's house." September 18, "The Church 
at Deadham with the Town invited him to continue in 
the work of the ministry with them in Order to settle- 
ment." November 13, he "was again called to settle at 
Deadham. But meeting with Opposition," he declined, 
18 December, on account, as he says in his answer, "of 
the present circumstances of things with yourselves and 
those discouragements which yourselves are not ignorant 



350 CLASS OF 1685. 

of, together with the probable uncomfortableness which 
might accrue to yourselves and to the person desired." 
"When God invites laborers into his vineyard, it does 
not become them to say 'I wont come,' but will you not 
permit me to say in this case, ' I dare not come.' " 

November 8, Pierpont had an invitation to the work 
of the ministry at New London; May 16, 1688, at New- 
berry village; and 22 May, at Northfield. 

February 19, 1687-8, he "Joined in ful Comunion 
with the church of Ch! in Roxbury." April 12, 1688, 
he had "a call to preach the word at Sandwich"; on the 
19th, "went thither accompanyed with Elder Chipman"; 
and 9 May, returned to his father's. July 1, 1688, he 
began to preach at Reading, agreeably to the desire of 
"some of the principal Persons, in the place expressed 
to him 19 June, after the Reverend Mr. Brock's funeral 
which he went to." 

July 4, 1688, he took his second degree at Cambridge, 
on which occasion he maintained the affirmative of the 
question, "An Pneumatica sit Scientia a Metaphysica et 
Theologia distincta." 

He continued to preach at Reading till 8 August, when 
he went to Sandwich, according to his "Promise, and 
continued" till he returned to his father's, 5 September. 
On resuming preaching at Reading, 9 September, he re- 
ceived a call with a view to settlement, whereupon he 
gives systematically in his Diary the reasons and prefer- 
ences for Sandwich and for Reading, and seems to have 
been greatly influenced by his father in preferring the lat- 
ter place. 

November 28, he removed to Reading from his "uncle 
Lynd's house" in Charlestown, to which he had gone, 28 
September. June 26, 1689, he was ordained "at Read- 
ing, Mr. Morton giving the Charge and Cotton Mather 
the Right Pland of Fellowship." 



JONATHAN PIERPONT. 35 I 

He writes: "1691, July 30. Having obtained the 
consent of my Parents, I gave M rs E. A. a visit." This 
was Elizabeth, baptized 22 September, 1667, daughter of 
Edmund and Ann (Pratt) Angler, of Cambridge, — the 
prefix Mrs. being often used in early times for Miss. 
To this lady, "a pious and prudent Person," he was 
married on the 29th of the following October. Of 
their children were Jonathan, born 14 September, 1695, 
H. U. 1714; Joseph, 13 October, 1706; Mary, 21 Feb- 
ruary, 1707. 

When Pierpont died, Reverend Joseph Green, of Dan- 
vers, H. U. 1695, who went to his funeral, wrote, "there 
was a general lamentation — he was a man of great 
worth." Judge Sewall writes: " Alass ! Alass ! June 3. 
The Rever d Mr. Pierpont dies at Reading; a very great 
Loss." "June 6. Artillery-day. I went with Mr. John 
Williams of Dearfield to y e Funeral of Mr. Pierpont at 
Reading. His Bearers were Leverett, Brattle; Wads- 
worth, Colman ; Green, Fox. Mr. Jonathan Corwin and 
I followed next after the Relations : None else of the 
Council there." 

The following inscription is from the slab over his 
grave : — 

"The Rev. Mr. Jonathan Pierpont, late pastor of the 
church of Christ, in Redding, for the space of twenty 
years, Aged 44 years ; who departed this life June 2, 
1709. 

" A fruitful Christian, and Pastor, who 
Did good to all, and lov'd all good to do ; 
A tender Husband, and a Parent kind, 
A faithful friend, which who, O who can find ! 
A Preacher, that a bright example gave 
Of rules he preach 'd, the souls of men to save; — 
A Pierpont, all of this, here leaves his dust, 
And waits the resurrection of the just." 



35? 



CLASS OF 1685. 



Pierpont was the fourth minister of South Reading. 
His predecessor was John Brock, H. U. 1646, and his 
successor, Richard Brown, H. U. 1697. 



Authorities. — American Quar- 
terly Register, xi. 1 76. 1 90. L. Eaton, 
Genealogical History of Reading, 568. 
J. Flint. Historical Address, etc. at 
the Bi-Centennial at Reading, 33, 77, 
114. J. Green, Diary in the Essex 
Historical Collections, x. 83. His- 
tory of Dorchester. 500. A. Lam- 
son, History of the First Church, etc. 
in Dedham, 41, 92. J. Fierpont, 
Diary in the New England Historical 



and Genealogical Register, xiii. 255. 
J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, 
iii. 433. S. Sewall, Manuscript Di- 
ary ; and in Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Socicty"s Collections, xlvi. 257. S. 
Sewall, in American Quarterly Regis- 
ter, xi. 176, 190. E. Stone, Discourse 
at the Interment of C. Prentiss, 15. 
E. Worthin^ton, History of Dedham, 
55. T. 13. Wyman, Genealogy and 
Estates of Charlestown, ii. 637. 



CLASS OF l686. 

Francis Wainwright, George Phillips, 

Benjamin Lynde, Robert Hale, 

Daniel Rogers, Charles Chauncy, 

Nicholas Morton. 



QU/ESTIONES 

Pro Modulo 

DISCUTIEND^ 

Sub D. GUI LI ELMO BRATTLE 

Collegii Harvardini Cantabrigice 

Nov-Anglor 7i7ii SOCIO Vigilant is simo, 

PER INCEPTORES IN ARTIBUS 

in Count lis tertio Idas Septembris. 

MDCLXXX.IX. 



El 



N Leges humance obligent consci- 
entiam ? 

Affirmat Respondens BENJAMINUS LYNDE. 



An Allium sit sua natura immortalis ? 

Affirmat Respondens GEORGIVS PHILIPS. 

VOL. III. 17 [Aprils,, .884] 



,54 CLASS OF l686. 



An Res adiaphorce sint materia idonea 
'imanarum ? 

Negat Respondens NICHOLAUS MORTON. 



legum humanarum? 



His accedit ratio Vale die lot 



ia* 



FRANCIS WAINWRIGHT. 

Born 1664, died 171 1, aged 47. 

Francis Wainwright, M. A., of Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts, born 25 August, 1664, was son of Francis Wain- 
wright, of Ipswich, a merchant of distinction, whose wife 
was Philippa. He was fitted for college by Thomas An- 
drews at the Ipswich Grammar School, was a merchant at 
Ipswich, for many years Town Clerk, Representative to 
the General Court, 1 699-1 700, and, 7 June, 1700, he was 
on a committee of the House to report how the Jesuits 
may be prevented from influencing the Indians to hos- 
tilities against the English. He was feoffee of the Ipswich 
Grammar School, Justice of the General Sessions Court, 
and commissioner and collector of excise for the county 
of Essex. 

From 12 to 29 August, 1696, " Capt. Francis Wain- 
wright, his lieutenant, William Butler, and some of his 
company, were on an expedition to the eastward." He 
was Colonel of the Red, and second in command in the ex- 
pedition under Colonel March against Port Royal in Nova 
Scotia, in 1707. The first expedition was unsuccessful. 
"A great clamour was raised at Boston against March and 
Wainwright, and letters were sent them from thence, some 
anonymous, vilifying them as cowards and deserving the 



FRANCIS WAINWRIGHT. 355 

gallows." A second expedition was determined on, and 
Colonel Hutchinson, Colonel Townsend, and Mr. Lev- 
erett were appointed commissioners, "with as full powers 
to superintend and direct the proceedings as the Governor 
himself would have had if present in person." "March's 
spirits were broke and his health affected, so that, when 
the disposition was making for landing the army, he de- 
clared himself incapable of acting, and the command was 
given to Wainwright, the next officer." Hutchinson 
publishes a letter, dated 14 August, from Wainwright to 
the commissioners, in relation to this expedition, which 
also was a failure. 

March 12, 1686, he married Sarah Whipple, at whose 
death, 16 March, 1709, he had three daughters living, 
his son John having died, 25 September, 1708, in his 
eighteenth year, a Senior in Harvard College. His estate 
was £1914. He bequeathed five pounds to the First 
Church. for plate, and one hundred pounds to Mrs. Eliz- 
abeth Hirst, of Salem, to whom he was betrothed. He 
was taken sick at Ipswich, Sabbath day, July 29, 171 1. 
"His marriage having been put off to the 31st, he died 
the next Friday, 3 August. His intended wife was with 
him. Judge Sewall's Diary, which gives these facts, says, 
' Most compleat and surprising disappointment that I 
have been acquainted with.' " 

Authorities. — F.Belknap, His- 1S9. S. Penhallow, History of the 
tory of New Hampshire (Farmer's Wars of New England, 42. J. Sav- 
ed.), 174, 175. J. B. Felt, History of age, Genealogical Dictionary, iv. 382. 
Ipswich, 93, 173, 325, 333. A. Ham- S. Sewall, Diary; and in the Massa- 
matt, in the New England Historical chusetts Historical Society's Collec- 
and Genealogical Register, vi. 68-70. tions, xlvi. 319, 320. Z. G. Whitman, 
T. Hutchinson, History of Massachu- History of the Ancient and Honorable 
setts Bay, ii. 165, 169. Massachusetts Artillery Company, 252. 
Historical Society, Collections, xxv. 



356 CLASS OF l686. 

BENJAMIN LYNDE. 

Born 1666, died 1745, aged 78. 

Benjamin Lynde, M. A., of Salem, was born 22 Sep- 
tember, 1666. He was son of Simon Lynde, who was 
descended from an ancient family in Dorsetshire, Eng- 
land, and married, 22 February, 1653, Hannah, daughter 
of John Newgate, or Newdigate, of Boston. 

In 1692, the graduate went to England, studied law at 
the Middle Temple in London, and became a barrister. 
In 1697 he returned with a commission as Advocate- 
General of the Court of Admiralty of Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, and Rhode Island. In 1698 or 1699 he 
moved to Salem, where, 22 April, 1699, he married 
Mary, born 22 August, 1679, daughter of the Honorable 
Major William and Hannah (Curwin) Brown. He prob- 
ably began practice as an attorney immediately, though he 
did not take the oath till 1701. In 1703, 1706, 17 n, 
and 17 1 2, he was representative from Salem to the Gen- 
eral Court. From 17 13 to 1737, when he resigned on 
account of age, he was member of the Council. He ap- 
pears to have been chairman of the committee of the legis- 
lature, in August, 1727, to prepare an address to George 
the Second on his accession to the British throne. His 
commission as Judge of the Superior Court was published 
in Middlesex in 17 12, and he took the oath, 25 July, when 
Chief Justice Sewall, in addressing the jury, expressed the 
hope that they would hereafter "have an Instance of the 
advantage of an Inns of Court Education superadded to 
that of Harvard College." Upon Sewall's resignation, in 
1728, he was made the Chief Justice, and held the office 
till his death. He was the first educated lawyer ever ap- 
pointed to the bench of the Superior Court of Massachu- 



BENJAMIN LYNDE. 357 

setts. In that capacity he presided, 22 September, 1731, 
at the first session of that court ever held in the county of 
Worcester. While he was on the bench, Washburn says, 
"an impulse seems to have been given to improvement in 
the forms of proceedings and the general course of admin- 
istering justice, although it was still but in its infancy. 
Unfortunately, we have few or no reports of the judicial 
opinions of the Superior Court at this period, and little 
more is known of the men who formed the judiciary then, 
than their names. And while the names and adventures 
of so many of his cotemporaries fill a large space in the 
history of his time, little can be gathered of the services 
of Chief Justice Lynde during his long and useful life. . . . 
Although he was not remembered as a military chief or a 
partisan leader, he left behind him an enviable reputation 
as a scholar, a jurist and a Christian." 

The Boston Evening Post states that " Inflexible Jus- 
tice, unspotted Integrity, Affability and Humanity were 
ever conspicuous in him. He was a sincere Friend, the 
most affectionate towards his Relations, and the Delight 
of all that were honoured with his Friendship and Ac- 
quaintance." 

Lynde died, 28 January, 1745, and his widow, 12 July, 
1753. Of their children were Benjamin, H. U. 1718, and 
William, H.U. 1733. 

Authorities. — Boston Evening age, Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 135. 

Post, 1745, Febuary 11. Essex In- E. Washburn, Sketches of the Ju- 

stitute Historical Collections, vi. 96; dicial History of Massachusetts, 186, 

viii. 225. J. B. Felt, Annals of Sa- 242, 275. J. Willard, Address to the 

lem, i. 228 ; ii. 472, 544, 564. Mas- Members of the Bar of Worcester 

sachusetts House Journals. J. Sav- County, 36. 



358 CLASS OF l686. 

DANIEL ROGERS. 

Born 1667, died 1722, aged 55. 

Daniel Rogers, M. A., born 25 September, 1667, 
brother of John Rogers, H. U. 1684, was son of Presi- 
dent John Rogers, of Ipswich, H. U. 1649. He was 
fitted for college by Thomas Andrews, at the Ipswich 
Grammar School, of which he was afterwards feoffee; and 
i* October, 1684, in college, was chosen scholar of the 
house. He probably began to teach the grammar school 
after Noadiah Russell, H. U. 168 1, left, and seems to -have 
continued in it till 17 16. During his time fifteen per- 
sons from Ipswich entered Harvard College. 

Rogers was Justice of the Court of Sessions ; was com- 
missioned fourth Register of Probate, 23 October, 1702; 
and was one of the Essex County commissioners for the 
<£ 100,000 loan. It is said that he was a physician; 
but this is not certain, though William Winthrop's Cat- 
alogue mentions it. Pie was also Town Clerk. Ham- 
matt, of Ipswich, writes: "Regard for truth of history 
obliges me to add he is entitled to the unenviable distinc- 
tion of being the worst scribe that ever had the custody 
of our records. He was careless, incorrect, and his hand- 
writing is frequently illegible. The wearied and vexed 
searcher into these abused volumes feels quite relieved 
when he comes to the end of this good man's labors." 

He went to Hampton on Friday, 30 November, 1722, 
was returning the next day, dined with Mr. dishing, of 
Salisbury, proceeded towards Newbury, "went out of his 
way to the left hand," missed the ferry, became bewildered 
on the beach, and in a violent storm of hail and snow 
on Saturday night perished in the quicksands. "His 
Horse & Cane were found, and hundreds sought after 



DANIEL ROGERS. 359 

him" unsuccessfully till 14 January, 1722-3, when, 
" entire & not Disfurnished," his body was accidentally 
found by a fowler, at Black Rock Cove. A vessel had 
been compelled to anchor there in the storm, and it was 
conjectured that, seeing the light, he "attempted to wade 
over Rock Cove to get to it." 

"His studious promoting of Justice and Peace, both 
in a Private and Publick Capacity, made his Death (at- 
tended with such Melancholy Circumstances) the more 
Lamented, and his meeting with a decent Christian Burial 
at length, the more Rejoyced at by all that knew him. 

" Mors equidem Mala non est ; sed Iter ad Mortem Miserum est. — 
Mille modis Lethi Miseros Mors una fatigat, 
Praecellentis avi repetit Rogersius urnam ; 
Cognato tumulo molliter ossa cubant." 

The body was conveyed to Ipswich, and buried, 10 Jan- 
uary, 1723, in the High Street burying-ground. This 
inscription is on his gravestone: — 

"Turbidus ad La;tos Solari Lumine Portus 
Solicitos Nautas per mare fert Aquilo ; 
Me Borealis Agens Nitidum super yEtheris Axem 
Justiciar Solis Luce beavit Hyems." 

Rogers married Sarah, daughter of Captain John Apple- 
ton, of Ipswich, and had : — 1 . Sarah, died 30 July, 1 694 ; 
2. Sarah, born 27 April, 1694; 3. Sarah, born 29 May, 
1695, married (12 December, 1714?) John Watson, of Ply- 
mouth, Massachusetts; 4. Margaret, 8 January, 1698-9, 
married, as second wife, the Reverend Robert Ward, of 
Wenham, H. U. 1719, to whom she was published at 
Wenham, 2 December, 1726, as of Plymouth, and was 
living, a widow, at Wenham in 1741 ; 5. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Peleg Wiswall, of Boston, H. U. 1702, to whom she 
v/as published 21 November, 1 7 19 ; 6. Priscilla, married, 
22 October, 1724, the Reverend Nathaniel Leonard, of 



t6o 



CLASS OF l686. 



Plymouth, H. U. 17 19 ; 7. Mary, born or died 23 
April, 1703? 8. Daniel, 17 October, 1706, H. U. 1725, 
of Littleton, Massachusetts, the ancestor of the Parkman 
family of Boston ; 9. John, 16 September, 1708, of Boston, 
"mariner 1733," as appears from a deed in Essex County ; 
10. Patience, 4 September, 17 10, married, 17 September, 
1728, Captain Joshua Freeman, of Plymouth, and died 
31 December, 1769; 11. Nathaniel, born 6 and died 31 
August, 1 712. 



Authorities. — Boston News- 
Letter, 1723, January 21. J. B. Felt, 
History of Ipswich, 86, 93, 202. A. 
G. Goodell, in Essex Institute His- 
torical Collections, iii. 7. A. Ham- 
matt, in New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, vi. 69-71. 
Harvard College Corporation Rec- 
ords, i. 67. Massachusetts House 
Journal, 1723, December 11. A. D. 



Rogers, in New England Historical 
and Genealogical Register, v. 314, 
324. J. Savage, Genealogical Dic- 
tionary, iii. 559. S. Sewall, Letter- 
Book, 1723, March 28; Diary in the 
Massachusetts Historical Society's 
Collections, xlvii. 321. W. 13. 
Sprague, Annals of the American 
Pulpit, i. 147. W. Winthrop, Inter- 
leaved Triennial Catalogue. 



GEORGE PHILLIPS. 



Born 1664, died 1739, a g e< 3 75- 

Rev. George Phillips, M. A., of Brookhaven, Long 
Island, born 3 June, 1664, was the fifth son of the Rev- 
erend Samuel Phillips, II. U. 1650, of Rowley, Massa- 
chusetts. It is not improbable that he is the George 
Phillips who, in 1686, was admitted an inhabitant by the 
town of Stamford, Connecticut, "if he come here to settle 
with his family." 

He preached at Suffield, Connecticut, from 1690 till the 
spring of 1692. He went to preach at Jamaica, Long 
Island, in 1693, whence he removed to Setauket, or 
Brookhaven, in 1697. April 30, 1697, "At a meeting 



GEORGE PHILLIPS. 361 

of the trustees, freeholders and inhabitants of Brookhaven, 
... it was fully agreed by a majority of votes that Justis 
Woodhull and Justis Richard Smith should treate in be- 
half of this towne and Smithtowne, with Mr. Phillipse, in 
order to his settling among" them ; and if he should engage 
to be their minister "during the term of his naturall life," 
that they should " offer to his acceptance fourty pounds in 
money, to be raised by and levied upon this towne, Smith- 
towne, and Col. Smith's manor; and likewise the house 
and home lot, that was sold by Thomas Jenner to Capt. 
Clerk, and also a farm of outland toward Nasakege swamp, 
and likewise that Mr. Phillipse be desired to remain with 
us upon mutuall tryall of each other, for the space or term 
of one whole year." "At a town meeting, 12 June, 1701, 
it was voted" that he should "have 100 acres of land, 
somewhere near the west line, where it shall be most con- 
venient for him so long as he remains our minister, and if 
for life, then to him and his heirs"; and 12 April, 1706, 
two hundred acres more were given him in fee. It ap- 
pears that he preached here without ordination more than 
five years, for, 13 October, 1702, at a meeting of the trus- 
tees of the town, a committee was chosen, agreeably to his 
request, to present him "in the town's behalf to the per- 
sons who were to ordain him." 

He assisted in forming the Long Island Presbytery, in 
17 1 7. On its extinction, he was connected with the New 
York Presbytery as long as he lived. He was never pres- 
ent at any synod. He continued at Setauket till his death, 
3 April, 1739, and was buried in the Presbyterian ceme- 
tery there. A handsome stone was placed at his grave in 
the present century by Phillips Roe, one of his descend- 
ants. A portrait of him, taken from life, was some years 
ago in the possession of George S. Smith, of Smithtown, 
another of his descendants. 

Wood says he "was distinguished for a peculiar vein of 



362 CLASS OF l686. 

natural wit. His ordinary discourse was tinctured with 
this peculiarity ; and tradition has preserved many of his 
speeches, that exemplify it. He seems to have been a 
faithful preacher." According to Prime, "he was es- 
teemed a good man, but many anecdotes are related of 
him, that indicate a vein of facetiousness not favorable 
to the dignity of the sacred profession." 

He married Sarah, born 19 March, 1673, eldest daugh- 
ter of* William and Sarah (Woolsey) Hallet. They had 
three daughters. Of their three sons, John was a grad- 
uate of Harvard College, 1736. From them are descended 
the New York branch of the family. 

Phillips's predecessor in the ministry at Brookhaven 
was Jonah Fordham, and his successor was David Youngs, 
Y.C. 1741. 

Authorities. — Documentary Island, 403. B. F. Thompson, His- 
History of New York, iii. 232. T. tory of Long Island, i. 423 ; ii. 459. 
Gage, History of Rowley, 17, 74, 388. R. Webster, History of the Presby- 
E. B. Huntington, History of Stam- terian Church in America, 363. S 
ford, 190. W. Phillips, Manuscript Wood, Sketch of Long Island, 33, 49, 
Letter, 1850, July. N. S. Prime, 50; Proceedings at Suffield, Con- 
History of Long Island, 224, 313. necticut, at the 150th Anniversary of 
J. Riker, Annals of Newtown, Long the Decease of B. Ruggles, 44. 



ROBERT HALE. 

Born 1668, died 1718-9, aged 50. 



Robert Hale, B. A., of Beverly, born 3 November, 
1668, was son of the Reverend John Hale, of Beverly, 
H. U. 1657, by his first wife Rebeckah, daughter of 
Henry Byley, who came from Sarum, in England, and 
settled in Salisbury, Massachusetts, as early as 1640. 
Upon his mother's decease, 13 April, 1683, he came into 



ROBERT HALE. 363 

possession of property at Sarum, which was managed for 
him several years by Bennett Swayne, Jr., of London. 
He graduated at seventeen years of age. In 1690 he be- 
came a member of his father's church. He studied divin- 
ity for the purpose of entering the ministry, receiving 
encouragement from an uncle in England, who left him a 
legacy. During the absence of his father as chaplain in 
the Canada expedition in 1690, he supplied his place "in 
preaching and the performance of other clerical duties, 
from August 4th until his return, November 20th." He 
subsequently preached in Connecticut, where he writes to 
his father a letter in 1693 [1693-4?], dated "Preston, 22, 
1 ith," in which he says : " I find myself heir to my moth- 
er's distempers; would to God I might of her graces." 
In a letter of attorney to his father, dated 10 September, 
1695, he styles himself "a minister of the Gospel in Pres- 
ton, Con 1 , grandson of Mrs. Rebecca Symonds." He 
returned to Beverly before 1697. The state of his health 
compelled him to relinquish "that best of employments," 
as he calls the clerical profession. In 1700, in conformity 
to the law then in force, a grammar school was established 
in Beverly, and he was appointed master with a salary of 
ten pounds and an additional allowance if he taught an 
English school. He taught but one year. He became a 
"very able Physician as well as a good Divine." Judge 
Sewall writes: "1713, May 20. Visited Dr. Hale at 
Beverly, who opress'd with Melancholy, was a-bed at 
5 p. m." He continued to practise medicine till his 
death, 12 January, 17 18-9. He was also Selectman, 
Justice of the Peace, and Representative. 

In 1700 he married Elizabeth, born 15 May, 1684, 
sister of John Clark, H. U. 1690, and daughter of Na- 
thaniel Clark, of Newbury, whose widow, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Henry Somerby, was the third wife of Hale's 
father. They had Rebecca, born 19 November, 170 1, 



364 CLASS OF l686. 

who married, 12 February, 17 19, the Reverend John 
Chipman, H. U. 171 1, and Robert, 17 February, 1702-3, 
H.U. 1721. 

Hale's widow was married to Joseph Noyes before 
17 10, and, according to Stone, was married, in 1720, to 
Colonel John Gilman, of Exeter, New Hampshire. She 
spent the latter part of her life in Beverly, where she died. 

Robert Hale is supposed to be the author of the epi- 
taph on Nathaniel Mather, H. U. 1685, in the Magnalia, 
IV. x. 222. Copies of several letters by him to his rela- 
tives and his agent in England are in the library of the 
American Antiquarian Society at Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Authorities. — Boston News- Dictionary, i. 326, 399; ii. 329, 330. 

Letter, 1718-9, January 26. Essex S. Sewall, Diary; and in Massachu- 

Institute Historical Collections, ii. setts Historical Society's Collections, 

151; vii. 72. A. Gilman, Gilman xlvi. 384. E. M. Stone, History of 

Family, 49, 66. Massachusetts His- Beverly, 112, 120, 155. J.A.Vinton, 

torical Society, Collections, xxvii. Giles Memorial, 100. A. Woodward, 

258, 268. New England Historical Letter, 1S69, December 6. T. B. 

and Genealogical Register, vii. 300 ; Wyman, Genealogies and Estates of 

viii. 103. J. Savage, Genealogical Charlestown, i. 152, 453. 



CHARLES CHAUNCY. 

Born 1668, died 17 14, aged 46. 

Rev. Charles Chauncy, M. A., born 3 September, 
1668, was eldest son of the Reverend Israel Chauncy, of 
Stratford, Connecticut, H.U. 1661, and grandson of 
Charles Chauncy, the second President of Harvard Col- 
lege. In 1684 he received ten pounds from the Pennoyer 
Fund of the College. March 23, 1684-5, he was "ap- 
pointed a waiter at the fellows table, when the present 
Waiter shall lay down his place." 



CHARLES CHAUNCY. 365 

The General Court of Connecticut, at the session in 
October, 1690, "grants M r Chancy twenty shillings p r 
week for being chaplain to the army the time he was out"; 
and in October, 1691, "with what he hath receiued, so 
much as may make up thirty shillings per week for the 
time he was out as chaplain and phecissian to the army, 
which was fowerteen weeks." 

He was admitted to the church in Stratford, 24 March, 
1690-1. June 13, 1695, on an annual salary of seventy 
pounds, he was ordained when the church was organized 
at Bridgeport, which received the name of Stratfield, as 
signifying that part of it was in Stratford and part in 
Fairfield. It is more than probable that he had .been 
preaching there from the time the parish enjoyed ecclesi- 
astical privileges. He was one of the youngest of the 
twelve clergymen who formed the Saybrook Platform in 
1708. After its adoption by an Act of the Assembly, he 
makes record, under date of " Feb. 16th. 1708-9. I pub- 
lished the Confession of Faith, y e Articles of Union be- 
tween the United Presbyterians and Congregational men 
in England, and also read the regulations for church dis- 
cipline agreed upon in this Colony and confirmed by 
authority ; none among the brethren objecting." He 
continued there in the ministry until his death, on Fri- 
day, 31 December, 17 14. He was buried the next Sun- 
day. "He supported an eminent character as to literary 
acquirements and moral endowments." 

June 29, 1692, he married, 1. Sarah, who was born 25 

July, 1675, and died 15, 1697, daughter of John 

Burr, whose wife was Sarah, daughter of Thomas Fitch. 
Children: Abiah, born 29 June, 1693 ; and John, 7 No- 
vember, 1695. 2. March 16, 169.8, he married Sarah, 
daughter of Henry Wolcott and his wife Abiah, daughter 
of Edward Goffe. She was a sister of Governor Roger 
Wolcott, and died 5 January, 1703-4, leaving an infant. 



366 CLASS OF 1686. 

The children by this second wife, as recorded at Wind- 
sor, were Abiah, born 22 January, 1 699-1 700; Robert, 
29 November, 1701 ; Ichabod Wolcott, 4 January, 1703-4. 
3. March 14, 1710-11, he married his third wife, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of John Sherwood, son of Thomas Sher- 
wood (first settler). She survived him, and, 10 April, 
17 16, married, at Fairfield, Lieutenant Richard Miles, of 
New Haven. 

In his will, Chauncy gives to his wife Elizabeth ten 
pounds yearly from his estate at Lambeth, near Bristol, 
England, which estate came to him from his father Israel. 
To his son Israel he gives the balance of the estate at 
Lambeth, he paying the said ten pounds and other things ; 
to his son John, his homestead at Stratford ; to his sons 
Robert and Ichabod Wolcott, all his estate in Stratfield, 
slaves, etc. His estate was appraised at £965 is. 6d. 

Chauncy's successor at Bridgeport was Samuel Cooke. 

In May, 1702, Chauncy preached the Connecticut 
Election Sermon. 

Authorities. — Boston News- 65, 67. E. C. Herrick, Letter, 1847, 
Letter, 1 714-5, January 17. Connect- May 31, citing Manuscript History 
icut Public Records (C. J. Hoadly), of Stratford. S. Judd, Letter, 1848, 
iv. 36, 59, 379. Contributions to the May 3. J. Savage, Genealogical Die- 
Ecclesiastical History of Connecticut, tionary, i. 368, 513. W. B. Sprague, 
10,11,355,356. W.C. Fowler, Memo- Annals of the American Pulpit, i. 114. 
rials of the Chauncys, 213. Harvard H. R. Stiles, History of Ancient 
College Corporation Records, i. 63, Windsor, 567. 



NICHOLAS MORTON. 

Died 16S9. 

Nicholas Morton, B. A., came from England and 
entered college at an advanced standing, as appears by a 
letter to Increase Mather, dated October 10, 1685, from 



NICHOLAS MORTON. 367 

the graduate's uncle, Charles Morton, who came to this 
country in July, 1686, and was ordained at Charlestown, 
5 November, 1686. He writes: "I thank you for your 
intended kindness of N. E. books ; as also, for your cata- 
logue of graduates and questions, which I received. Please 
to accept a trifle which my nephew will present you with." 
"I have sent (as a pledge of my good will in your affairs) 
this branch of my family to prosecute his studies in your 
college, having begun with us about two years since; 
which time, if he can perform the exercises belonging to 
his standing, he hopes will be allowed him towards a de- 
gree. He is indeed defective in the Tongues, especially 
in the Hebrew, and therefore craves a little indulgence in 
that respect, for a time, until his industry, with God's 
blessing, shall have conquered that difficulty. In this, as 
in other things, I must needs bespeak your favor towards 
him, as a token of your kindness to me." 

The graduate's uncle records his admission to the church 
in Charlestown thus, under 1687 : "6. 21. Nicholas Mor- 
ton (my nephew)." He died at Charlestown, 3 Novem- 
ber, 1689. 

Authorities. — W. I. Budington, sachusetts Historical Society, Col- 
History of the First Church in lections, xii. 178. J. Savage, Gene- 
Charlestown, 250. J. Fanryer, Gene- alogical Dictionary, iii. 243. S. 
alogical Register. R. Frothingham, Sewall, in the American Quarterly 
History of Charlestown, 195. Mas- Register, xii. 249. 



CLASS OF 1687. 

John Davenport, Timothy Stevens, 

John Clark, Nathaniel Welch, 

Nathaniel Rogers, Joseph Dasset, 

Jonathan Mitchel, Henry Newman, 

Daniel Brewer, Josiah Dwight, 
Seth Shove. 



QUESTION ES 

Pro Modulo 

DISCUTIEND^ 

Sub Clar. D. JOHANNE LEVERETTO, 

Collegii Harvardini Cantabrigice 

Nov-Anglorum SOCIO Fidelissimo, 

PER INCEPTORES IN ARTIBUS 

in Comitiis Sexto Nonas Quintilis. 

M,DC,XC. 

AN Ditbitatio sit indubitatcc Philoso- 
phic? initium ? 
Affirmat Respondens JOHANNES DAVENPORT. 

An Morbontm scdcs sit Anima sensitiva ? 

Affirmat Respondens joiiannes clark. 



JOHN DAVENPORT. 369 

An Vitiositas rationi repugnet? 

Affirmat Respondens NATHANIEL ROGERS. 

An Duella sint licita ? 

Negat Respondens JONATHAN MITCHEL. 

All Stratagemata in bello sint illicita ° 

Negat Respondens DAN/EL BREWER. 

An Imago Dei sit homini in statu creato 
natter alis ? 

Affirmat Respondens TIMOTHEUS STEVENS. 

An Detttr Athens in judicio? 

Negat Respondens JOSEPHUS D ASSET. 

An Morbi sint Contagiosi? 

Affirmat Respondens HENRICUS NEWMAN. 

Ait Conservatio sit continuata creatio ? 

Affirmat Respondens SETHVS SHOVE. 

His Accedit Oratio Valedictoria. 



JOHN DAVENPORT. 

Born 1668-9? died 1 730-1, aged 61. 



Rev. John Davenport, M. A., of Stamford, Con- 
necticut, was born at Boston, Massachusetts, 22 February, 
1669, and baptized by his grandfather on the 28th. He 
was the only son of John Davenport, of New Haven, 
whose wife, Abigail, was sister of the Reverend Abraham 

VOL. III. 24 [April 30, 1884.] 



2,70 CLASS OF 1687. 

Pierson, H. U. 1668, and grandson of the Reverend John 
Davenport, of New Haven. When John Harriman, 
H. U. 1667, was teaching the Hopkins Grammar School 
at New Haven, in 1687, a ''debt of £8, 8s., owing to the 
Hopkins estate from Mrs. Abigail Davenport, was re- 
leased to her for the maintenance of her son" at college. 

March 17, 1683-4, the College Corporation voted to 
give him £7 10s. of the Pennoyer gift. He was paid, 17 
July, 1685, £10; 4 June, 1686, £12; and 28 May, 
1687, £6. 

Upon John Harriman's resigning the place of teacher 
of the grammar school in New Haven, he "entered upon 
y e schoole Imployf on 2d day or Monday y e 29 th of Aug 1 
1687." 

He began to preach in 1690. In 1691 he was invited 
to become an assistant to the Reverend Mr. James, of 
East Hampton, on Long Island, but subsequently de- 
clined. By a vote of the town of Stamford, 12 Septem- 
ber, 1692, he went there to preach on trial as a candidate, 
and was there on 10 March, 1693. July 17, 1693, the 
town unanimously voted to give him seventy pounds 
a year during the life of the Reverend John Bishop, his 
predecessor, and one hundred pounds annually afterwards, 
and when he is settled "in a family, his firewood, which 
is to be done in a general way, and not by rate, and to be 
done when the townsmen doe order a day or two in the 
year for it; further, it is understood that it is to be done 
by y e people of the town, all male persons from sixteen 
years and upwards." He was ordained in 1694. The 
records are fruitful of votes to prepare a parsonage, as a 
gift to him, and making grants of land, firewood, etc. 
during his ministry. 

At the May session in 1703, the General Assembly of 
Connecticut thanked him "for preaching the election ser- 
mon and for his great pains therein." 



JOHN DAVENPORT. 371 

He was a member of the Synod of Saybrook in 1708, 
and was held in high estimation for his piety and learning. 
Bacon says: "He was not inferior in ability to any other 
member of the synod. In his own church and town, and 
among the ministers and churches of that county, he had 
a commanding influence. In the election sermon by S. 
Whittelsey, preached in 173 1, his death . . . was spoken 
... as the 'Removal of One Eminent for Learning, and 
who was a Bulwark, and a Barrier upon our Frontiers.' " 
He "was Eagle-eyed to discern the Approaches of Sin and 
Danger and faithful to give Warning thereof; whether 
Men would hear or whether they would forbear. Witness 
the zealous Testimony, . . . born once and again and many 
Times against that Crime in particular . . . Intemperance 
in Drink, and what is the Fore-runner and Concomitant 
of it, Tavern Haunting." 

Samuel Cooke, the successor of Chauncy at Stratfield, 
states, in the sermon at his funeral, that "He had the 
Advantage of an Accurate knowledge of those Languages, 
wherein the Scriptures were given by Divine Inspiration, 
probably far beyond the Compass of any [of] his Surviv- 
ers, within many Scores of Miles. . . . Those Languages 
being almost as familiar to him as his Mother Tongue. 
. . . He was endowed with a peculiar Penetration and 
Acuteness of mind accompanying a tenacious Memory, 
from which Treasury he was ready on all Occasions, to 
bring forth things New and Old." He "was both our 
Crown and our Bulwark, our Glory and our Defence." 
"It was many Years since lookt upon by the serious and 
judicious as a special Favour of Divine Providence, that 
a Person of such Distinction . . . was seated so near the 
Western Limits of New England, as a Bulwark against any 
Irruptions of corrupt Doctrines and Manners." "He 
was . . . without any base and slavish Fear of the Ill- 
Resentments and Misinterpretations of others, either 



372 CLASS OF 1687. 

through Weakness or Prejudice. He was not over care- 
ful of pleasing Men, but ever fearful of displeasing God. 
He seemed to be bent with a single Eye to attend what 
appeared to be present Duty, and calmly to submit the 
Consequences to God's all wise and governing Provi- 
dence." 

He took an interest in the College in Connecticut, of 
which he was a Trustee fourteen years. At the first Com- 
mencement at New Haven, 12 September, 17 18, the new 
building having been named Yale College, in honor of 
Governor Yale by whose generosity it had been com- 
pleted, Clap says, "The Rev. Mr. John Davenport, one 
of the Trustees, at the Desire of that Body, made a florid 
Oration, wherein he largely insisted upon and highly ex- 
tolled the Generosity of Governor Yale" Dr. Johnson 
says he "offered an excellent oration in Latin, expressing 
the thanks of the trustees to almighty God, and Mr. Yale 
under him, for so public a favor and so great regard to 
our languishing school." 

Davenport married, 18 April, 1695, Martha, widow of 
John Selleck and daughter of Nathan Gould. She died 
1 December, 1712. They had: 1. Abigail, born 14 July, 
1696, married, 3 July, 171 8, the Reverend Stephen Wil- 
liams, of Springfield, H.'U. 1713, had eight children, and 
died 26 August, 1766 ; 2. John, born in Stamford, 21 Jan- 
uary, 1698, married, 6 September, 1722, Sarah Bishop, 
supposed to be granddaughter of Davenport's predecessor, 
died 17 November, 1742, aged 44, leaving fourteen chil- 
dren, the eldest not having reached the age of nineteen ; 
3. Martha, 10 February, 1700, died in 1796, married, 6 Oc- 
tober, 1 73 1, the Reverend Thomas Goodsell, of Branford, 
and had one child, Sarah, who married, about 1760, Jere- 
miah Wolcott, of Windsor ; 4. Sarah, 17 July, 1702, mar- 
ried, in 1724, Captain William Maltbie, or Maltby, by 
whom she had one son and two daughters, and after his 



JOHN DAVENPORT. 2)73 

death married, in 1735, the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, 
Y. C. 1733, of Lebanon, Connecticut, the founder of 
Moor's Charity School for Christianizing the Indians, 
which he removed to Hanover, New Hampshire, where 
he became the founder of Dartmouth College, of which 
he was the first President for about nine years, and died 
24 April, 1779; 5- Theodora, 2 November, 1703, died 
15 February, 1712; 6. Dcodate, of East Haven, Deacon, 
Connecticut, born in Stamford, 23 October, 1706, mar- 
ried, in 1730, Lydia, daughter of the Reverend John 
Woodward, H. U. 1693, and died 3 December, 1761 ; 
7. Elizabeth, born in Stamford, 28 August, 1708, married, 
24 January, 1733, the Reverend William Gaylord, of 
Wilton, Y. C. 1730, and died 6 July, 1747. 

Davenport's second wife, Elizabeth, born 1675, was 
daughter of John and Hannah (Bishop) Morris, and died 
11 January, 1758, having had two children: 1. Abraham, 
1715, Y.C. 1732, married, 16 November, 1750, Elizabeth 
Huntington, whose mother was daughter of the Reverend 
Timothy Edwards, of East Windsor, and sister of Presi- 
dent Jonathan Edwards; she died 17 December, 1773, 
and 8 August, 1776, Davenport married Martha Fitch, 
and died 20 November, 1789. 2. James, 1716, Y.C. 
1732, fourth pastor of Southold, Long Island, became a 
great favorite of George Whitefield, removed and settled 
at Hopewell, New Jersey, where he died in 1757. 

Davenport died on Friday, " Feb r 5. 1730-1, in the 62 
Year of his Age, and 36 of his ministry ; and was decently 
interred on Monday following" in the old central burying- 
ground of Stamford. On one of the tabular monuments, 
all of which have been removed to the yard north of the 
village, is an inscription which, after giving the date 
of his death, is divided by his coat of arms, and is as 
follows : — 



374 class of 1687. 

" At honorary distance keep, 

nor dare disturb the peaceful sleep 

of Reverend Davenport. 

None but his sons 

the sacred tribes ; 

or those whom 

heavenly Wisdom 
guides, 

may to his Urn 
resort. 

" Religion, while he dwelt below, 

Its sacred influence on him shed ; 
Learning and Grace adorned his brow, 

And round their balmy odors spread, 
Unfading honors shall his tomb surround, 

To guard and wait the Prophet's sleeping clay, 
Till the last trumpet raise him from the ground, 

To join the triumphs of th' important Day." 

Authorities. — L. Bacon, Thir- Family, 141, iSS, 198-223. S.Dodd, 

teen Historical Discourses, 214 ; also East Haven Register, 116. F. B. 

his Historical Discourse at Norwich, Dexter, Letter, 186S, March 8. E. 

23 June, 1S59, in Contributions to the Francis, Letter, 1864, March 1. Har- 

Ecclesiastical History of Connecticut, vard College Corporation Records, i. 

10,11. L.W. Bacon, Two Hundredth 63, 65, 70, 72. E. B. Huntington, 

Anniversary of the Hopkins Gram- History of Stamford, 129-137, 158, 

mar School, 56, 57. L. Baldwin, An- 192, 270. J. L. Kingsley, Sketch of 

nals of Yale College, 29-33. J. VV. the History of Yale College, in the 

Barber, Historical Collections of American Quarterly Register, viii. 18. 

Connecticut, 404. T. Clap, Annals New England Historical and Gene- 

of Yale College, 25, 26. Connecticut alogical Register, ix. 148, 359. J. 

Public Records (C. J. Hoadly), iv. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 

414. Contributions to the Ecclesi- 13; iii. 236: Stamford Advocate, 

astical History of Connecticut, 10, 1864, March 4. B. Trumbull, Com- 

11, 483, 484. S. Cooke, Sermon at plete History of Connecticut, ii. 29, 

his Funeral. A. B. Davenport, His- 531. S. Whittelsey, Connecticut 

tory and Genealogy of the Davenport Election Sermon, 40. 



JOHN CLARK. 375 

JOHN CLARK. 

Born 1667, died 1728, aged 60. 

John Clark, M. A., physician,- Boston, born at Bos- 
ton, 27 December, 1667, according to the family record, 
and not 27 January, 1668, as Farmer and Savage say, was 
brother of the second wife of Cotton Mather, and eldest 
son of Doctor John Clark (whose wife was Martha, daugh- 
ter of John Whittingham), and grandson of Doctor John 
Clark, who came from Newbury, Massachusetts, to Bos- 
ton, and whose wife was Martha, sister of Sir Richard Sal- 
tonstall. In June or July, 1691, he was admitted to the 
Second, or Old North Church, in Boston. June 7, 1700, 
he was made Justice of the Peace. From 1708 to 17 14, 
and from 1720 to 1724, he was Representative from 
Boston. 

He became a leading politician of the "popular party," 
at the head of which were the Cookes, H. U. 1657 and 
1697, and opposed the granting of a fixed salary to the 
Governor. In 1720 he was chosen Councillor, and Gov- 
ernor Shute interposed his negative. 

In 1709 and 17 10 he was Speaker of the House of Rep- 
resentatives. Again, in the fall of 1720, the same year 
that Governor Shute interposed his negative on his elec- 
tion as Councillor, he was chosen Representative from 
Boston. 

Hutchinson says he "was a person of many valuable 
qualities, and obnoxious, only, for being strongly attached 
to Mr. Cooke, and having been a great supporter of the 
cause" of the popular party. 

In 1 72 1 the House again chose him Speaker. "To 
prevent a negative, . . . they projected a new form of 
message directed to the governor and council jointly, to 



376 class of 1687. 

acquaint them 'that John Clarke, Esq; is chosen speaker 
of the house and is now sitting in the chair.' This was 
undoubtedly a very extraordinary contempt of the gov- 
ernor." William Payne, H. U. 1689, a brother by mar- 
riage to Cooke, was appointed clerk in place of John 
White, H. U. 1685, who was dropped for no other reason 
than because "his most intimate friends . . . were strongly 
attached to the governor." "The governor was more 
wroth than upon any occasion before. He came to coun- 
cil, in the afternoon, and sent immediately for the house, 
no doubt, with an intent to dissolve the court. He had 
several faithful advisers about him and, whilst the house 
were preparing to come up, he sent a message to stop 
them and to let them know he accepted their choice of 
a speaker." 

While the legislature was in session at Cambridge, in 
November, 1721, "Mr. Hutchinson, one of the members 
for Boston, was seized with the small-pox and died in a 
few days. The Speaker, Mr. Clarke, was one of the 
most noted physicians in Boston, and, notwithstanding all 
his care to cleanse himself from infection after visiting his 
patients, it was supposed, brought the distemper to his 
brother member, which so terrified the court, that after 
the report of his being seized, it was not possible to keep 
them together and the governor found it necessary to pro- 
rogue them." Clark was continued in the office of Speaker 
till 1724. From that time till his death he was a member 
of the Council. 

April 25, 1691, according to Greenwood, but 30 April, 
says Savage, he married Sarah, born 29 November, 1669, 
daughter of Jonathan and Mary (Oliver) Shrimpton, by 
whom he had all his eight or nine children : Mary, born 
12 February, 1692; Sarah, 17 September, 1693, both died 
young; Martha, 25 March, 1695; John, 15 December, 
1698, died 6 April, 1768, father of John, H. U. 1772; 



JOHN CLARK. T>77 

Sarah, again, 18 January, 1704; Martha, again, 26 June, 
1706; Sarah, again, 7 May, 1708, married Professor Isaac 
Greenwood, H. U. 1721, and died at Portland, Maine, 23 
May, 1770; Elizabeth, 27 February, 17 10, married Robert 
Hale, H. U. 1721; besides a second Mary, probably in 
1700. His first wife died 20 November, 17 17, and he 
married a second wife, 10 April following, Elizabeth 
Hutchinson, who died 2 December, 1722. On July 15, 
1 725, me took for a third wife Sarah, widow of President 
Leverett, who had been widow of William Harris, daugh- 
ter of Richard Crisp, and died 24 April, 1744, the wife of 
the Reverend Benjamin Colman, H. U. 1692. 

According to the New England Weekly Journal of 9 
December, 1728, Clark died on the preceding "Friday 
Evening," 6 December, 1728, "a Gentleman belov'd and 
valu'd for his Worth and Usefulness." Sewall's Journal 
and the inscription on his monument date his death 5 De- 
cember, agreeing with the Boston News-Letter of 12 De- 
cember, that he died on "Thursday Night after a long 
Indisposition." 

Judge Sewall wrote to Reverend S. Stoddard, 10 Decem- 
ber, 1728 : "Dr. John Clark died last Thursday night abt 
6 or 7 a'clock. I am apt to think the drawing in of that 
very Cold Air was the cause of his sudden death. He 
went into his Garden in the morning and suppos'd the 
Aer refreshed him ; afterward he went to his daughter 
Allen's ; by & by he stole away to his neighbour Morris, 
just across the Street. When his Grandson Allen went 
to call him home he perceiv'd that he limp'd. At his en- 
tring his own kitchen, his family saw that the right side of 
his mouth was drawn awry, and all that side was defective ; 
at which they were exceedingly amazed ; and put him into 
a warm bed. His wife and one of his daughters were at 
Lecture, not foreseeing any such Change. He was my 
beloved Physician." 



2,7^ CLASS OF 1687. 

Clark bequeathed all his surgical instruments to his son 
John. In his inventory is mentioned the picture of old 
Doctor Clark, which is without doubt that of his grand- 
father, now belonging to the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, and of which there is a lithograph in Thacher's 
Medical Biography. The Latin inscription on his monu- 
ment is published in T. Bridgman's Epitaphs from Copp's 
Hill Burial-Ground, and an epitaph by Thacher. 

" Reliquiae 

Joannis Clarke Armig 

laudatissimi senatoris et medicinae doctoris 

probitate modestia 

et mansuetudine praeclari 

terram reliquit Decern 5 1728 aetat. 62 

Nomen et pietas manent post funera." 

" He who among Physicians shone so late, 
And by his wise Prescriptions conquered Fate, 
Now lies extended in the Silent Grave, 
Nor him alive would his vast Merit save. 
But still his Fame shall last, his Virtues live, 
And all sepulchral Monuments survive : 
Still flourish shall his name ; nor shall this stone 
Long as his Piety and Love be known." 

Clark belonged to a family of medical antecedents and 
traditions, being himself of the third generation in a direct 
line of John Clarks, all physicians, and followed by a line 
of four more John Clarks, equally direct, also all phy- 
sicians, — covering a period of more than a century and a 
half, and including seven generations of the same name. 

Authorities. — Boston News- ters, 1859, December 10, 19; 1S61, 

Letter, 1728, December 12. T. January 28. T. Hutchinson, History 

Bridgman, Epitaphs from Copp's of Massachusetts Bay, ii. 175. 235, 

Hill Burial-Ground, 103. T. Bridg- 237, 250, 259, 266, 271. New Eng- 

man, Pilgrims of Boston, 308. S. A. land Journal, 172S, December 9. 

Green, History of Medicine in Mas- C. Robbins, History of the Second 

sachusetts, 8. J. J. Greenwood, Let- Church in Boston, 236. J. Savage, 



NATHANIEL ROGERS. 379 

Genealogical Dictionary, i. 396, 397. E. Washburn, Historical Sketches 

S. Sewall, Letter-Book ; and in Mas- of Leicester, 9, 11. W. H. Whit- 

sachusetts Historical Society's Col- more, Massachusetts Civil List, 50- 

lections, xlvii. 393. J. Thacher, 53,64,71,126. 
American Medical Biography, i. 223. 



NATHANIEL ROGERS. 

Born 1669-70, died 1723, aged 53. 

Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, M. A., born at Ipswich, 
Massachusetts, 22 February, 1669—70, was youngest son 
of President John Rogers, H. U. 1649. 

October 1, 1684, he was chosen one of the scholars of 
the house. 

After two years' trial service he was ordained at Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, 3 May, 1699, as successor of 
Joshua Moody, H. U. 1653. 

In the last of October, 1704, the house in which he 
lived was destroyed by fire in the night, with most of the 
furniture. Mrs. Rogers's mother, Mrs. Ellison, or Elat- 
son, who had become a widow a second time, and was liv- 
ing with Rogers, was so burnt that she survived but a few 
weeks. Rogers's daughter Elizabeth, seventeen months 
old, and a negro woman, perished in the flames. 

The selectmen, 4 November, 1704, agreed to give 
Rogers eight pounds a year for house rent till such time 
as he should be otherwise provided for. April 29, 1705, 
the town voted to assist him in building a house upon his 
own land, and to give him one hundred and fifty pounds 
if he would relinquish all demands which he might have 
for house-hire in consequence of the former vote. To this 
he assented, and also to a vote to divide the principal part 
of the twelve acres of the glebe, which had been given for 



3S0 CLASS OF 1687. 

a parsonage in 1640, and adjoined the parsonage-house, 
into lots, and lease them for nine hundred and ninety-nine 
years, and appropriate the income for the support of him- 
self and the ministry. 

In 17 1 2, a great excitement grew out of the question of 
repairing the old meeting-house, then about fifty-eight 
years old, which stood on the south side of the mill-dam. 
The majority of the town had voted to build a new house 
on the northeast corner of the glebe, and it was nearly com- 
pleted, though a large party was opposed to it. January 
7, 1 7 13, the church authorized and directed Rogers, on 
"the next sabbath come se'nnight, to preach in the new 
meeting house, and to continue preaching there, as for- 
merly at the old meeting, and to perform all other offices 
which appertain to his function." The opposition con- 
sisted principally of the inhabitants at the south end, of 
whom Captain John Pickering was the leader. At a town 
meeting, 9 September, 17 13, they chose Pickering, not 
only moderator, but selectman also. The other selectmen 
objected because he was one of the assessors. After pass- 
ing two votes, it is said, tumults and disorders arose, and, 
at the request of the selectmen, the justices present dis- 
solved the meeting and forbade all further proceedings. 
Notwithstanding this, Pickering put, and his party carried, 
several votes, of which he kept the minutes, and entered 
them on the town record, the town clerk refusing to act; 
the purport of these votes being, that the old meeting- 
house is, and shall forever be, the town meeting-house, to 
be replaced, when no longer tenantable, by another on the 
same spot, and that the glebe land formerly given by the 
town for the use of the ministry shall wholly remain to 
the benefit of the minister who shall officiate in the old 
meeting-house, or such one as shall be built in that place. 
A committee was chosen to ascertain if Rogers would 
preach at the old meeting-house, and in case of his refusal 



NATHANIEL ROGERS. 



to procure a minister. Rogers, as was probably antici- 
pated, declined. John Emerson, H. U. 1689, was em- 
ployed to preach, and they organized what is now known 
as the South Parish. "In this he acted with the advice 
and assistance of Dr. Mather, of Boston. Rogers and his 
church were dissatisfied. An ecclesiastical council was 
called, which only widened their difference. Mr. Rogers 
was much disgusted with the conduct of the ministers who 
gave their advice to the people of the old church. Dr. 
Mather, on the other hand, blamed Mr. Rogers, and won- 
dered how so good a man should discover so much ill 
humour. The result of the council is not known." 

He continued to preach at the new meeting-house, to 
what is still known as the North Church and Society, till 
his death, 3 October, 1723. He was interred in the an- 
cient burial-ground, called the Point of Graves. The 
inscription on his monumental stone, which has disap- 
peared, was copied by President Ezra Stiles when preach- 
ing at Portsmouth in the time of the Revolutionary War, 
and is printed in the Massachusetts Historical Society's 
Collections, x. 49; in the New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, v. 316; and in Adams's Annals, 

143- 

"Hie sepelitur revcrendus Nathanael Rogers, A. M. 

Jesu Christi minister fidclis ; 

Prosapia studiis evangcliis devota 

oriundus ; 

ingenio, eruditionc, intcgritate, 

moribusquc suavissimis 

valde ornatus, 

benevolentiie, fidei, pictatis 

exemplar illustre ; 

theologize consultissimus 

concionator prasclarus 

Ecclesire pastor vigilantissimus ; 

natus est Ipsvici, 7 mo. Kalcndas Martii, 

MDCLXIX. 



382 CLASS OF 1687. 

In Jesu sinum efflavit animam 

5to. nonas Octobris, 

MDCCXXIII. 

According to Alden and to the Genealogical Register, 
Rogers married the widow Sarah Purkis, whose mother 
was Sarah Pemberton, sister of the Reverend Ebenezer 
Pemberton, H. U. 1691, and daughter of James Pember- 
ton, of Boston. Children: 1. Nathaniel, 1700, H. U. 
171 7, physician, died 24 November, 1745; 2. Sarah, mar- 
ried the Reverend Joshua Gee, H. U. 1717, and died in 
1730; 3. Elizabeth, burnt to death in 1704; 4. George, 
of Boston, merchant, married Lydia, sister of Governor 
Thomas Hutchinson, and died before 20 February, 1748 ; 
5. Elizabeth, married the Reverend John Taylor, of 
Milton, New Hampshire, H. U. 172 1 ; 6. Mary, married 
Matthew Livermore, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire; 
7. John, died in his fifth year; 8. Daniel, an apothecary in 
Portsmouth, married Mehitable, daughter of John Rindge, 
sister of the mother of Sir John Wentworth, Governor of 
Nova Scotia; 9. Margaret, died unmarried, in the twenty- 
second year of her age. 

Rogers was repeatedly solicited to publish some of his 
sermons, but always declined. 

He was succeeded by Jabez Fitch, H. U. 1694. 

Authorities — N. Adams, An- es, 120. New England Historical and 

nals of Portsmouth, 114, 120, 121, Genealogical Register, v. 315, 325. 

129, 143. T. Alden, Religious Soci- A. P. Peabody, Sermons connected 

eties of Portsmouth, 14-17, 34, 35 ; with the Reopening of the Church of 

and in Massachusetts Historical So- the South Parish, 48. J. Savage, 

ciety's Collections, x. 46-49, 66, 67. Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 562, 568. 

C. W. Brewster, Rambles about L. Whiting, Dedication Sermon, 

Portsmouth, 41, 42, 67, gi. R. F. 12, 23. 
Lawrence, New Hampshire Church- 



JONATHAN MITCHEL. DANIEL BREWER. 383 

JONATHAN MITCHEL. 

Born 1667 (?), died 1694-5, aged 27 ? 

Jonathan Mitchel, B. A., was son of the Reverend 
Jonathan Mitchel, H. U. 1647, and Margaret Boradale,. 
who had previously been the wife of the Reverend Thomas 
Shepard. 

June 29, 1687, Mitchel received a payment as "one of 
the scholars of the house." He died, without children, 14 
and was buried 16 March, 1694-5, in a snow-storm. He 
left a widow, Hannah, who married Colonel Edmund 
GofTe. She was daughter of Simon Lynde, and had been 
wife of John Bigg, of Boston. 

A manuscript copy of the College Laws of 1655 was 
presented to the library of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society in 1799 by "John Pinchon, of Salem," which evi- 
dently was given to Mitchel when he entered college, as 
at the end is written "Admittatur Jonathan Mitchellus 
in collegiu Harvardinu. 22. 8. 1683. Jn° Rogers. P r ses. 
Samuel Andrew [Socius]." These laws, with memoranda 
by Samuel Abbott Green, M. D., H. U. 1851, are printed 
in the Proceedings, Vol. XIV. pp. 206-215. 

Authorities. — Boston Daily Ad- ary ; and in Massachusetts Histori- 

vertiser, 1876, February 11. L. R. cal Society's Collections, xlv. 309; 

Paige, History of Cambridge, 610. and New England Historical and 

J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, Genealogical Register, vi. 75. 
iii. 220. S. Sewall, Manuscript Di- 



DANIEL BREWER. 

Born 1669, died 1733, aged 64. 



Rev. Daniel Brewer, M. A., of Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts, was born 7 February, 1669, and died 5 Novem- 



3§4 CLASS OF 1687. 

^ er j I 733- He was son of Daniel Brewer of Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, whose wife was Hannah, daughter of Isaac 
Morrill. 

November 30, 1693, the inhabitants of Springfield voted 
"to send Captain Thomas Colton, and Sergeant Luke 
Hitchcock to the Bay, for the procuring a minister, to 
preach the word of God to this town ; and that they ap- 
ply themselves to the Rev'd the President of the College, 
Mr. Increase Mather, and the rest of the Reverend elders 
in Boston, for their help for the obtaining a minister that 
may promote conversion work among" them. In Janu- 
ary, 1693-4, the town "voted to give Mr. Daniel Brewer 
Invitation to Carry on the worke of the Gospel " among 
them. He answered that, provided the town "were 
unanimous, he was Inclinable to Compliance w th the town's 
proffer, and that in order to continuance w th " them, "if 
he shal further find God leading him so to do." The town 
then appointed a committee " to declare to Mr. Daniel 
Brewer, in the name of the town, the town's good resent- 
ment of Mr. Daniel Brewer his answer to the town's invita- 
tion and to give him thanks for the same." They "voted 
£70 this year, and if he settle <£8o pr annum, and the use 
of the ministry house and land; also to give him <£ioo, 
within the term of six or seven years, over and above his 
yearly salary, to enable him, for further settlement, as he 
shal see Cause." In 17 17, they added five pounds to his 
original salary, for three years ; and in 171S, fifteen pounds 
for that year. He was ordained pastor and teacher, 16 
May, 1694, as successor of Pelatiah Glover, and was suc- 
ceeded by Robert Breck, H. U. 1730. 

August 23, 1699, Brewer married Katherine, oldest 
daughter of the Reverend Nathaniel Chauncy, of Hatfield, 
H. U. 1661. She was born in Windsor, Connecticut, 
12 January, 1675-6, and died 15 May, 1754. They had : 
I. Nathaniel, deacon of the church in Springfield, who 



DANIEL BREWER. 385 

died 11 March, 1796, aged 85; 1. Daniel, H. U. 1727, 
died 1733, aged 27 ; 3. Isaac; 4. Charles, died 19 March, 
1 793> a g e d 76; 5. Katherine, married William Pynchon, 
of Springfield ; 6. Abigail, who married, first, Thomas 
Merrick, and second, John Mann ; 7. Eunice, who mar- 
ried, 28 April, 1736, her father's successor, the Reverend 
Robert Breck. 



r. Gods I Help to be Sought in Time of | War | with | a Due 
Sense of the Vanity | of what | Help Man can afford : I Shewed 
at Springfield, March 26, 1724. || Boston. 1724. 8vo. pp. 19. 

M, P. 

2. Two Letters, dated June 7, 1708, and January, 16, 1710-1, 
addressed to Nathaniel Chauncy, Y. C. 1702, and printed by Fowler, 
pp. 275-277. In the latter he writes: "I understood by brother 
Isaac that your old companion, the headache, follows you pretty 
close. If I were to say any thing in your case, it would be this, 
you are I think to blame for being so shy and so loth to come to a 
wigglewedy. If Timothy might 'drink no longer water, but a 
little wine for his stomach's sake and his often infirmities,' I can 
give no reason why it may not be as lawful to wear no longer your 
own hair, but a little ivigg for your head's sake and your often in- 
firmities. Thereof and thereby peoples might as well have blamed 
him for intemperance as you for pride in such a case." 

Authorities. — American Ouar- ceys, 92, 196, 275-277. History 

terly Register, x. 3S3, 398. G. Bliss, of Hadley, 460. Massachusetts 

Address at the Opening of the Town Archives, xi. 77, 112, 196. New 

Hall, 35, 39. R. Breck, Century Ser- England Historical and Genealogical 

mon, 16 October, 1775, 24. B. W. Register, xx. 244. J. Savage, Gene- 

Dwight, History of the Descendants alogical Dictionary, i. 243. W. B. 

of Elder John Strong, ii. 12S0. W. Sprague, Historical Discourse in 

C. Fowler, Memorials of the Chaun- 1824, 26, 51. 



VOL. III. 25 



386 CLASS OF 1687. 

TIMOTHY STEVENS. 

Born 1666, died 1726, aged 60. 

Rev. Timothy Stevens, M. A., born 28 January, 
1666, was son of Timothy Stevens, of Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, whose wife was Sarah, probably oldest daughter 
of Tobias Davis. He is probably the Mr. Stevens who, 
while teaching a school at Northampton, was invited, in 
May, 1690, to engage in the ministry at Suffield, Con- 
necticut. He moved to Glastenbury 15 April, 1692, and 
began to preach on the 17th, received a call 27 July of the 
same year, was ordained the first minister in October, 
1693, which was as soon as the completion of the meeting- 
house would allow, and died 14 April, 1726. 

In 1692 he had sixty pounds current money. If he 
remained, the town was to give "him a good home lot, 
build him a suitable house, and give him five acres of 
meadow land and one hundred and fifty acres of undi- 
vided land." In addition to this, John Hollister gave 
him two acres Rockie Hill meadow; Mr. Treat, two 
acres of meadow adjoining; Ephraim Goodrich, one acre 
of meadow ; Joseph Hill, another acre; Jonathan Smith, 
half an acre of meadow; John Hubbard, an acre; Samuel 
Smith, part of an orchard, or two acres of meadow ; and 
Thomas Hale and William Wickham, five pounds each, 
and Thomas Brewer, forty shillings current pay. The 
next year, 1693, the town voted to add ten pounds annu- 
ally to his salary after five years; in 1694, to build " a 
girt dwelling house 40 feet by 20, with a good stack of 
chimneys, — Mr. S. finding nails and glass." In 1696, 
"every man that hath a team shall bring Mr. S. two loads 
of wood annually." In 1698, the wood was furnished for 
£7 10s. In 1707, "those who have teams, to bring 



TIMOTHY STEVENS. 387 

wood; those who havemot, to cut"; and in 1708, "men 
who do not comply with the above to pay 2s 6d for a man, 
and 5s for a team." In 171 1, also in 17 12, he had one 
hundred cords paid for "at 2s. 6d., those who fail, fined 
3s."; and in 17 13, "Wood as last year except allowing 
only 2s a load." From 1714 to 1717 he had one hun- 
dred pounds annually, instead of seventy pounds; and in 
17 1 5 the town charged him two shillings more a bushel 
for wheat paid on his salary than they allowed for it in 
taxes, and one shilling a bushel more for corn and rye. 
These citations, selected from the votes printed by Chapin 
respecting Stevens's salary during his ministry, throw 
light, not only on Stevens's financial relations to his par- 
ish, but also on the ministerial customs of the time. 

No records of Stevens's ministry are preserved. " He 
seems to have been a quiet, discreet, peace-loving man, 
faithful in his office, but not specially energetic in those de- 
partments not immediately connected with his profession. 
... It certainly required no little equanimity of mind and 
spirit not to be disturbed" at the payment of his salary 
as made in 17 15 ; but the records "furnish no account of 
complaint or remonstrance on his part. He seems to 
have permitted the people to pay him what, and when, 
and as they pleased. Nor does he seem to have suffered 
in the end by so doing, if we may judge from the extent 
of his property and possession. The parsonage, so called, 
near the meeting-house, with several acres of land in the 
vicinity, a considerable tract on the meadows, four hun- 
dred acres at Red Hill, and one hundred and fifty acres 
adjoining Middletown bounds, and one hundred acres at 
Diamond Pond, was the list of his real estate." His 
successor in the ministry was Ashbel Woodbridge, Y. C. 
1724. 

May 17, 1694, Stevens married (1.) Eunice Chester, 
born 17 May, 1668, it being his birthday. She was a 



388 CLASS OF 1687. 

daughter of John and Sarah (Welles) Chester, of Wethers- 
field, Connecticut, and died 16 June, 1698. Children: 
Timothy, born 23 March, died 1 April, 1695; Sarah, 19 
March, 1696, died 25 September, 17 1 7 ; John, 4, died 
27 June, 1698. 

May 19, 1701, Stevens married (2.) at Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, Alice, daughter of Joseph Cooke, of Cam- 
bridge, H. U. 1661, widow of the Reverend John Whiting, 
H. U. 1685, who was killed by the Indians at Lancaster, 
Massachusetts, 17 September, 1677. Children: John, 
born 13 September, 1702, died 30 August, 1717 ; Eunice, 
14, died 19 September, 1704; Martha, 6 September, 1705, 
died 7 November, 17 17; twin sons, 8 September, 1707, 
died the night following ; Timothy, 9 July, 1709 ; Joseph, 
15 August, 1711; Benjamin, March, 1714. 

Authorities. — A. B. Cbapin, Paige, History of Cambridge, 514. 

Glastonbury for Two Hundred Years, Roxbury Records. J. Savage, Gene- 

52-55, 62, 164, 1S0. N. Goodwin, alogical Dictionary, i. 448; iv. 189, 

Genealogical Notes, 10, 13, 20. E. 519. H. A. Sykes, Address at the 

C. Herrick, Letter, i860, August 8. 150th Anniversary of B. Ruggles's 

New England Historical and Genea- Decease, 44. 
logical Register, xxii. 339. L. R. 



NATHANIEL WELCH. 

Born 1665, died 1689, aged 23. 

Nathaniel Welch, born "Sept. 9 (10), 1665," was 
the first preacher at E^nfield, but it does not appear that 
he was ever ordained. The Enfield record says: "Mr. 
Nathaniel Welch died July 10, 1689, aged about 23. He 
was the ninth child of Thomas and Elizabeth (Upham) 
Welsh of Charlestown," Massachusetts. At that time 
Enfield, not being annexed to Connecticut till 1752, was 
under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts. 



JOSEPH DASSET. HENRY NEWMAN. 



389 



Authorities. — J. W. Barber, 
Connecticut Historical Collections, 
83. Contributions to the Ecclesias- 
tical History of Connecticut, 3S3. 



S. Judd, Letter, 1848, May 8. J. 
Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, iv. 
455. T. B. Wyman, Genealogies and 
Estates of Charlestown, ii. 1006. 



JOSEPH DASSET. 

Born 1666, died 1693, aged 26. 

Joseph Dasset, M. A., born 14 October, 1666, was 
son of John Dasset, of Braintree, whose wife was a Flynt. 
At a meeting of the Corporation, 23 March, 1684-5, it 
was " Ordered y l Dasset be appoynted a Wayter at the 
schollars table when the present Waiter shall lay down 
his place." He was a schoolmaster in Boston. He died 
" much lamented," says Sewall, and was buried 23 July, 
1693. He was probably a cousin of his classmate, New- 
man. He was succeeded in his school by Peter Burr, 
H.U. 1690. 



Authorities. — J. Cotton, Manu- 
script Diary (Brooks's copy), 47. 
Harvard College Corporation Rec- 
ords, i. 67. Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society, Collections, xiv. 86. J. 
Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 



11. S. Sewall, Manuscript Diary; 
and in Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety's Collections, xlv. 380 ; and 
New England Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register, vi. 75. 



HENRY NEWMAN. 

Born 1670. 

Henry Newman, M. A., born 10 November, 1670, 
was son of the Reverend Noah Newman, of Rehoboth, 
and his wife, Joanna Flynt, daughter of the Reverend 



390 CLASS OF 1687. 

Henry Flynt, of. Braintree. He was probably cousin of 
his classmate Dasset. 

His name appears among the non-resident proprietors 
of Rehoboth, 7 February, 1689. 

He was librarian of the College from 1690 to 1693. 
There is a memorandum that he was paid, 3 September, 
1 69 1, three pounds for his services as library keeper. 
June 11, 1694, "Mr. Newman's proposal about procur- 
ing the College arms at Bilboa is left to the President's 
consideration and determination." July 20, 1694, "Cash 
p d Mr. Henry Newman £5 pr order of the Corporation 
to procure the Colledge arms to be cut in Freestone or in 
marble." 

April 27, 1695, "Memd m Mr. Henry Newman bought 
with the produce of £5 del d him to procure the Colledg 
Arms, 27 cane joynts, — cost him in Barbados 4s. 6d. pr. 
ps., whereof he sold 3; the rest are in Mr. Mico's ware- 
house. 
"Cash rec d for 6 of s d cane joynts, sold Mr. 

Winslow, at 6s. per ps. £1. 16. 

" More rec d of Mr. Newman for 3 that he sold 

for 20s. & 4 to ball, his aco! 1. 4. 

"Cash rec d 17 th June, 1696, for the rest of them, 

being short, scabby, & of no Substance, 

whereof 16 to Mr. Jacklin for 36s. 2. 

£5. 00." 
Newman went to London, where, early in 1707, he was 
exerting himself for Harvard College and its library. A 
letter from him dated London, 7 June, 1707, is printed 
in the New England Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ter, v. 59, 60. 

In 1709, the Corporation of Harvard College appointed 
him their agent, and remitted forty pounds sterling for the 
prosecution of their rights to Edward Hopkins's legacy, 
bequeathed fifty years before. A favorable decree in chan- 



HENRY NEWMAN. 39I 

eery was obtained in March, 17 12-13, and the principal 
and accrued interest, amounting to eight hundred pounds 
sterling, was laid out in the purchase of land, to which 
the name of Hopkinton was given in honor of the donor. 

Newman had been directed to make inquiries respecting 
Sir Robert Thorner's legacy. In a letter to President 
Leverett, dated 26 June, 17 10, after acknowledging the full 
satisfaction he had received from the trustees on that sub- 
ject, he adds: "Mr. Thomas Hollis, one of the trustees, 
at the Cross Daggers, in Little Minories, desires his will 
may be inquired for after his decease." This appears to 
be the first intimation of the beneficent purposes of the 
first of the six Hollises, whose names are identified with 
the prosperity of the College. 

A letter from Newman to his uncle, Henry Flynt, 
H. U. 1693, Tutor in the College, dated Middle Temple, 
10 September, 1723, is published in the Collections of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, vi. 118. The follow- 
ing extract relates to the College : — 
"Dear Sir, — 

"In compliance with your desire, I bespoke a copy 
of the statutes of the University of Cambridge, &c. and 
thought I had obtained a great curiosity ; but when I 
came to see what popish stuff they consist of, I could not 
but applaud the prudence of the university, in not letting 
them be made public ; and if I had known either the 
emptiness of them, or the expense of transcribing them, 
which came to £2 170 beside paper and binding, I should 
not have sought after them, but upon a more positive 
command than I had. Such as they are, I desire our col- 
lege corporation will be pleased to accept them, and also 
the printed extract of the statutes of the University of 
Oxford, wherein, perhaps, some useful hints may be found 
for improving your discipline, if it wants improvement. 

"These are packed up in a box sent to Mr. Dudley, 



392 CLASS OF 1687. 

and with them the 3d and 4th volumes of Brandt's 
History of Reformation, and the 1st volume of Saurin's 
Dissertations on the Old and New Testament, which our 
old benefactor, Mr. Chamberlayne, presented in quires to 
the college library ; and I desire you, or Mr. President 
Leverett, would please to signify the receipt of them, with 
thanks to the benefactor. 

"I used formerly to present you with the binding of 
these benefactions that came to my hands in quires, but 
as they happen oftener than heretofore, which I wish they 
may continue to do, I hope you will not take it amiss, if 
I, for the future, charge the college with such articles as 
they occur. 

"The binding of Brandt's History of Ref- 
ormation, in 1 volumes, large folio, let- 
tered, cost 4/6 each £0. 9. o. 
"Binding 1st vol. of Saurins Disserta. folio, o. 3. 6. 
" \ of the petty charges of the box sent to Mr. 
Dudley, custom-house fees, &c. the col- 
lege books being two of the six folios 
contained in the box o. 3. 4. 

£0. 15. 10." 
In 1710, when Sir William Ashurst refused to take 
the Massachusetts agency in England, he recommended 
Jeremiah Dummer, H. U. 1699. Hutchinson says that 
Dummer "was not, at that time, acceptable to Mr. Dud- 
ley, and, in a message to the assembly, he advised them 
to chuse Henry Newman, a New-England man, then in 
London also, a person of great probity, who had lived 
some years in the duke of Somerset's family, and who 
afterwards was secretary to the society for promoting 
christian knowledge; but the choice fell upon Mr. Dum- 
mer." Newman was for many years the agent of New 
Hampshire. 

Bouton prints a letter written by him, 8 August, 1726, 



HENRY NEWMAN. 



393 



to the " Lords Comra" of Trade and Plantations," upon 
"the encroachment of the Massachusetts Province, by 
selling, granting and laying out great quantities of land 
near the centre of the Province of New Hampshire, at a 
place called Pennecook." He asks for a suspension of 
"all grants of land on or near the boundaries in dispute, 
till his Majesty's pleasure therein shall be known" re- 
specting a Memorial lodged by him some time before in 
the Council Office, "requesting that the boundaries of 
these Provinces may be settled, so as to prevent any fu- 
ture disputes between their respective governments." 

In 1727, when John Checkley went to England to take 
orders with a view to being established at the Episcopal 
Church at Marblehead, Massachusetts, the two ministers 
of Marblehead, John Barnard, H. U. 1700, and Edward 
Holyoke, H. U. 1705, the latter afterward President of 
Harvard College, wrote "to Dr. Gibson, then Bishop of 
London, if possible, to prevent so troublesome a man 
coming among" them. Barnard says he "sent it un- 
sealed, enclosed in another, to Mr. Henry Newman, a 
very worthy gentleman, whom I knew in England, de- 
siring him, if he approved of it, to seal it and deliver it 
to his lordship, but if not, to destroy it. Mr. Newman 
wrote me word that he not only highly approved it him- 
self; but his lordship, when he had read it, expressed 
himself as greatly pleased with it." The result was, "Our 
town, and the churches of this Province, through the 
favor of God, got rid of a turbulent, vexatious and per- 
secuting-spirited Non-juror. Blessed be God for his kind 
dealings with us ! I have the copy of the letter by me." 

Turell says, Newman "saw cause to conform to the 
Established Church ; but he ever cherished and exprest a 
warm and generous Love and Regard for his Country, the 
Churches and Colleges here, and sought their Prosperity 
and flourishing. This appears by Scores of Letters to 
Mr. Colman and others!' 



394 



CLASS OF 1687. 



Newman is starred on the Triennial Catalogue as early 
as 1745, but appears to have been living in 1748. It is 
possible, but not very probable, that the Gentleman's 
Magazine refers to him when it states, died "July 7, 
1743. At Wandsworth, Surrey, Mr. Newman, reputed 
worth 20.000/." 

WORKS. 

I. Ut Fluctus fluctum, sic annus annum trudit. j News from the 

Stars. I I An | Almanack | Containing an Account of the 

Coelestial Mo- | tions, Aspects, &c. for the Year of | the Chris- 
tian Empire, 169 1. | 

f Of the World, 
Since the Ploud, 
Suffering of Christ, 



I Planting Massach. Colony, 



Years 
564O. 

3984. 
1658. 

63. 



D. 

H 
22 



I Founding of Harvard Colledge, 49. 
I From Leap Year, 3. 

Whose Vulgar Notes be, 
Cycle of the # 1.") ( Dominic. Let. 

Epact. 11. )■ "\ Roman Indict. 

Cycle of the 20. ) V. Number of Direct. 

Respecting the Meridian of Boston, in New- | England, whose 
Latitude is 42 d. 30. min. | Longitude, 315. Deg. || Printed by R. 
Pierce for Benjamin Harris at the London Coffee-House in Boston, 
1 69 1. i2mo. pp. 23. M. 

2. The London Philosophical Transactions, xxxii. 33 ; and 
Abridged, vii. 601, contains, "The way of proceeding in the Small 
Pox inoculated in New-England. — Communicated by Henry New- 
man, Esq; of the Middle Temple." H. 



Authorities. — J. Barnard, in 
the Massachusetts Historical Soci- 
ety's Collections, xxv. 229. L. Bliss, 
History of Rehoboth, 57, 129. N. 
Bouton, History of Concord, 82. 
Gentleman's Magazine, xiii. 389. T. 
Hutchinson, History of Massachu- 
setts Bay, ii. 187. Massachusetts 



Historical Society, Collections, vi. 
118; xxv. 229; and Proceedings, 
vi- 35 2 » 353- J- Q m . nc y> History of 
Harvard University, i. 205, 231, 383, 
474. J. Savage, Genealogical Dic- 
tionary, iii. 275. E. Turell, Life and 
Character of B. Colman, 146. 



JOSIAH DWIGHT. 395 

JOSIAH DWIGHT. 

Born 1671, died 1748, aged 77. 

Rev. Josiah Dwight, M. A., took his second degree in 
1720. He was born at Dedham, Massachusetts, 8 Feb- 
ruary, 1 670-1, son of Timothy Dwight and Anna Flynt 
of Braintree, who was the third of his six wives. About 
1690 he was ordained over the newly-formed church in 
Woodstock, then under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, 
the ordination being the first within the present county of 
Windham. In the autumn of 1695, it was agreed to pay 
him a salary of sixty pounds a year. May 6, 1696, he 
gave a receipt in full for his salary and services to that 
date. But in 1706, it was voted to grant him "ten acres 
of land instead of ten pounds arrearages." At a town 
meeting, 23 December, 1708, complaint was made that 
the borderers (or those living on the outskirts of the town) 
neglect to pay a suitable proportion to his "salary, though 
they frequent the house of God and have nowhere else to 
repair unto for the same," and it was voted that "an ob- 
ligation be drawn up and carried by a committee, both in 
Mashomoquet and Killingly, to subscribe unto what they 
will pay" for his "present salary; and such as shall not 
subscribe, or shall continue without paying the same, shall 
be complained of to The Authority of Connecticut." "A 
committee was annually chosen to take the subscriptions 
of the borderers ; but the amount raised in all ways proved 
to be so moderate for the supply of his actual wants, that 
a weekly Sabbath contribution was called for, 'which money 
so collected from strangers and others should belong to 
Mr. Dwight without relation to his salary.' " 

After the meeting-house, which had been voted in 1.693, 
was completed, and everything arranged harmoniously, "a 



396 CLASS OF 1687. 

great uneasiness was found to exist in the church of Wood- 
stock concerning their pastor." He had evidently been 
much straitened by the tightness of the money market in 
his own household affairs. In 1721, "the town, though 
complaining of great poverty and scarcity, yet being will- 
ing to do what they could for their minister, ordered that 
a quarterly collection be taken for him on the Sabbath." 
In May, 1723, "they take the fact into serious consider- 
ation, that Mr. Dwight had continued with them upwards 
of 30 years, in the work of the ministry, on an annual sal- 
ary of 60 pounds, which he complains is insufficient for 
his honorable support, and are of opinion that the great 
stroke of husbandry under his management takes up much 
of his time and thought, and therefore grant that 75 
pounds be assessed for him." And they desired the se- 
lectmen to acquaint him with this vote, and to "instruct 
him, moreover, to devote himself more especially to his 
sacred functions — that they may be encouraged by his 
vigorous performances for the future, either to continue 
this sum or to enlarge it." 

But, in spite of the increased salary and the accompa- 
nying admonition, the uneasiness was not allayed. He 
doubtless thought it unreasonable to take part of his pay 
in land, and then be blamed for tilling it, and indulged 
probably in some hasty forms of expression, to which he 
is said to have been at times addicted. The people, at 
any rate, assumed a more angry and bitter tone than be- 
fore, and openly accused him of avariciousness, dishonest 
dealings in wild lands in Killingly, and a "heterodox lean- 
ing towards the Saybrook platform of Connecticut, while 
the church stood squarely on the Cambridge platform of 
Massachusetts." After three years of unmitigated conten- 
tion he became thoroughly dispirited, and felt so unfitted 
for any longer discharge of pulpit and parochial duties 
among such a fault-finding people, that he asked for a dis- 



JOSIAH DWIGHT. 397 

mission from any further ministerial service to them. A 
town meeting was at once called to "express their minds 
relating to dismissing" him "from his charge in the place 
to a sedate and quiet life ; or whether it will be for the in- 
terest of religion and the comfort of the town to continue 
him in h-is office." 

At this meeting, which was held on the 30th of August, 
1726, the town declared that "the existing dissatisfaction 
was a matter of much grief and anxiety, but that people 
had reason to be dissatisfied — there being some articles 
in" his "conduct that had been exceptionable and deeply 
grievous to the public, and that, in their opinion, with a 
Christian spirit on both sides, accommodation might still 
be made ; but if not, that the matter be referred to a 
council of churches." He replied that "he had stood it 
out in wants and wars, and diversity of words with them 
for thirty-six years, but would not now do anything rashly, 
like Jonah, to displease Him in whom were all his ways, 
and so would leave with them to discourage or encourage 
his going or staying, though it seemed not desirable on 
either side that the parting should be in such a ruffle." 
He owned that, "had he his choice, it would be to finish 
his life and labors in that place, where he had so often 
brought the meeting-house and burying-ground, which 
were in such strict neighborhood, still closer together in 
his thoughts ; and he hoped in the future, by the help of 
God, having seen the end of persecution, to engage his 
few remaining moments in such contemplation and appre- 
hension of the inexpressible and inconceivable eternity, as 
to make not only the burdens of his peregrinations, but 
even the whole compass of time itself, shrink to the low- 
est point or nothing." On the final putting of the vote, 
"whether it would be for the glory of God, the interests 
of religion and the peace and comfort of the town, that 
the labors of Mr. Dwight should be continued further 



398 CLASS OF 1687. 

among them," the vote was given by the strong majority 
of sixty to one in the negative, beside one vote cast as 
neutral. 

It is not surprising that after this he declined to join 
with them in a day of fasting and prayer, and to refer 
the matter to a council. His dismissal occurred 3 Sep- 
tember, 1726, after a pastorate among them of more than 
thirty-six years. So much surprise and dissatisfaction 
were expressed in neighboring towns at the treatment 
shown to him, that he was induced to consent to refer the 
whole matter to the decision of a council of six churches, 
convened for the purpose, in November, 1727. Various 
accusations were brought against him, none of which seem 
to have been proved. While denying any and all charges 
of dishonesty and avariciousness, he made a written ac- 
knowledgment of rashness of speech in some cases, and 
of want of meekness at times, under the provocations that 
he had encountered. 

Robert Coit Learned says that, after Dwight's dismis- 
sion from Woodstock, he "went to Pomfret to worship, 
but his former parishioners interfered to bar him from 
the Lord's table. At length, in 1729, a council so far 
healed the wound, that on some acknowledgment of rash- 
ness Mr. Dwight was restored to fellowship in Wood- 
stock Church." But Benjamin Woodbridge Dwight says 
he "went to Thompson, to reside." And Learned says: 
"A while after, on invitation," he "returned to his native 
town, and was installed June 4, 1735, over the New" or 
Third Church at the Clapboardtrees precinct or parish in 
Dedham, "formed on the day of his installation." 

Dwight was supposed by his contemporaries to be a 
man of good natural abilities and considerable attainments 
in ancient learning. He was well versed in old school 
divinity, and was respected by the more enlightened as a 
scholar and a gentleman. But his language was often sin- 



JOSIAH DWIGHT. 399 

gularly quaint, and his judgment was not always wise. 
His peculiarities increased in his old age. These and 
other causes producing dissatisfaction, he requested a dis- 
mission, which was granted, 20 May, 1743. The terms 
were, that he should receive a "generous grant of fifty 
pounds, and that a number of respectable individuals 
should, on his removal, accompany him as far as Thomp- 
son," Connecticut. He returned to that part of Killingly 
which now constitutes Thompson, where his son-in-law, 
Marston Cabot, was settled, and died there in 1748. 

He was succeeded in the ministry at Woodstock by 
Amos Throop, H. U. 1721, and at Dedham by Andrew 
Tyler, H. U. 1738. 

December 4, 1695, he married Mary, born 1677-8, 
daughter of Colonel Samuel Partridge, of Hatfield, and 
Mehi table, daughter of John Crow, of Hartford. Chil- 
dren : 1. Anna, born 10 October, 1697, married the Rev- 
erend James Wetmore, of Rye, New York, Y. C. 1714, 
and died 28 February, 1771 ; 2. John, 7 November, 1698, 
a farmer in Woodstock, died in 1753 ; 3. Flynt, 19 July, 
1704, H. U. 1724, died in 1745 5 4- Ruth, married John 
Wetmore; 5. Dorothy, born about 1702, married, 29 
April, 1724, Captain Penuel Child (or Childs), of Thomp- 
son, and for a second husband, 24 November, 1761, Rob- 
ert Goddard, of Sutton, Massachusetts ; 6. Mehitable, 
about 1703, died soon ; 7. Mehitable, 2 November, 1705, 
married, 26 March, 1729, William Southmayd, of Mid- 
dletown, Connecticut, and died 24 November, 1755; 
8. Eunice, 1708, married, 12 December, 1733, Deacon 
Aaron Lyman, of Belchertown, Massachusetts, and died 
28 March, 1760; 9. Mary, 1709, married, 22 July, 173 1, 
the Reverend Marston Cabot, of Thompson, Connecti- 
cut, H. U. 1724, and died 3 September, 1775 ; 10. Elijah, 
about 171 1, died soon; 11. Elijah, about 1 7 13, died 
soon; 12. Elizabeth, 7 July, 1716, married Jeremiah 



4-00 CLASS OF 1687. 

Baker, a farmer at Dedham, and died there 17 Decem- 
ber, 1794; 13. Theodore, 28 July, 1721, died in 1753. 



An Essay | to Silence the Outcry | That has been made in some 
Places I against Regular Singing. | In | a Sermon | Preach'd at 
Framingham. || Boston : Printed for John Eliot, and Sold at his 
Shop at the South-End of the Town. 1725. sm. 8vo. pp. 1- 
16. M, P. 

Authorities. — [J. P. Dabney], Journals, 1735, December 20. T. 
Remarks on the Harvard Triennial, Noyes, in American Quarterly Regis- 
n. B. W. Dwight, History of the ter, viii. 43, 50. J. Savage, Gene- 
Descendants of John Dwight, 492, alogical Dictionary, ii. S$ ; iii. 366. 
541. N. Goodwin, Genealogical T. Thacher, Sermon, January 11, 1801, 
Notes, 40, 41. S. Judd, and L. M. 13, 14. J. White, Centennial Dis- 
Boltwood, History of Hadley, 550. courses, 4, 7- 11. A. Woodward, 
R. C. Learned, in the Congregational in New England Historical and 
Quarterly, iii. 349. H. Mann, His- Genealogical Register, ix. 355. E. 
torical Annals of Dedham, 26, 86, Worthington, History of Dedham, 
no, 127. Massachusetts House 117, 123. 



SETH SHOVE. 

Born 1667, died 1735, aged 68. 



Rev. Seth Shove, M. A., of Danbury, Connecticut, 
born 10 December, 1667, was second son and third child 
of the Reverend George Shove, of Taunton, Massachu- 
setts, by his first wife, Hopestill, daughter of the Reverend 
Samuel Newman, of Rehoboth, compiler of Newman's 
Concordance, which is said to have been written by the 
light of burning pine-knots. 

July 15, 1687, Judge Sewall, speaking of him as "an 
orphan" to John Richardson, of Newbury, H. U. 1666, 
with a view to his becoming a teacher there, says : " I am 
apt to think such an exercise may be an advantage to his 



SETH SHOVE. 4OI 

studies, especially respecting the tongues, as much as if he 
should live at Cambridge these three years, which doubt he 
will not find convenience for. He has Liv'd in our house, 
Sundry years and have found him a person of sobriety and 
Commendable behavior, and I hope going abroad will 
benefit him upon that account and qualify that modesty, 
or whatever it be, that might be a hinderance to good 
manners." 

Again Judge Sewall says: "June 24, 1690. Writt to 
Mr. Seth Shove to come and Comence, if my Letter rec d 
y s Week. I would be at y e charge." 

"Nov. 13, 1690. If you have warned y e Selectmen to 
provide themselves of another Schoolmaster, send me word 
of it, and y e time by y e first conveyance*. If you have not 
yet done it, I would have you forbear doing it, till you 
hear further from me. Bee. I have an Intimation, as if 
Yarm° people are universally desirous of injoying Mr. Jn? 
Cotton of Plim° who suplied them in Mr. Thorntons 
absence.. I have it only from one hand ; and no notice 
from Mr. Thornton. If it prove so, I would not have 
you be discouraged ; the Lord I hope will fit you for 
his work and call you to it in y e most convenient time 
and place." 

According to Coffin, "1691, May 13th. The town" 
of Newbury "grants Mr. Seth Shove thirty pounds for 
the year ensuing, provided he will be our schoolmaster 
and so forth as followeth namely to teach readers free, 
Latin scholars sixpence per week, writers and cypherers 
fourpence per week, to keep the school one third part of 
the year at the middle of the new towne, one third part at 
the school house, and the other third part about middle 
way between the meeting house and oldtown ferry." 

Sewall, noticing the death of Samuel Toppan of small- 
pox, at Newbury, 25 August, 1691, writes: "No minis- 
ter with him. Mr. Shove pray'd not with him at all, went 

VOL. III. 26 [May 12,1884] 



4-02 CLASS OF 1687. 

not to him till was left dying; supose might be afraid of 's 
School." 

November 7, 1691, Mr. Shove set out for Marlborough 
on his way to Simsbury, Connecticut, where he began to 
preach as successor to Edward Tompson, H. U. 1684, 
and in the following winter the town gave him a formal 
call to settle in the ministry, which he accepted. But the 
records do not show that he was ever ordained over the 
society, though he continued to preach till 1694 or 1695. 

September 10, 1692, he writes to Sevvall from Simsbury : 
"The Feav: and Ag: seized me July y e : 30th: & has not 
left me yet ; have been handled very moderately yet not 
a little weakened by reason of my extream sweating: Was 
detained at home 3 Sabb: dayes. Had about .a weeks In- 
termission]. . . . Hope God will still goe forth with our 
Armies, succeed y m : and grant them their desire upon y r 
Enemies y l y e Praise waiting in Sion may be given him." 
Alluding to the trials for witchcraft, at which Sewall had 
been one of the judges, he says: "Am very glad y* an) 
more of those wicked Instruments of Satan are found out. 
Hope y r will a spirit of Judgment be given to such as sit 
in Judgment; further Discovery made and Deliverance 
appear for y e miserably afflicted. . . . 

" S r : I cannot be unmindful of all your Kindnesses to 
me. I intended in way of Return for y e Last to have 
sent you a Barrll. or 2 of Flower, but cannot find above 
a Bushl: or 2 of clear Winter Wheat through out y e whole 
Town. Hope to have some of my own growing next 
year. I hope (through Gods blessing) I shall live (though 
poor) yet comfortable & contented Life. The People are 
unanimously desirous y l I would settle among y m ." 

Robbins, in his Century Sermon at Danbury, in 1801, 
says: "The first minister in this town was the Rev. Seth 
Shove, a very pious and worthy man, who was very suc- 
cessful in his exertions for the promotion of peace, virtue 



SETH SHOVE. 



403 



and true religion : so that the general peace and union in 
his time are proverbial to this day. He was ordained in 
the year 1696." Baylies and Sprague say he was ordained 
13 October, 1697. To this day it is said to be a favorite 
proverb in Danbury, "It was not so in Mr. Shove's day, 
when all things went well." 

Barber prints the following inscription on his monu- 
ment in Danbury: "Here lyes buried the body of the 
Revd. Mr. Seth Shove, y e Pious and Faithful Pastor of 
y e Church in Danbury 39 years, who died Oct. 3d, Anno 
Domini 1735, iEtatis suas 68." 

He left a widow and eight children. 



Authorities. — F. Baylies, His- 
torical Memoir of Plymouth, iv. 78. 
J. W. Barber, Connecticut Historical 
Collections, 370. Boston News-Let- 
ter, 1735, November 6. J. Coffin, 
Sketch of the History of Newbury, 
156. Contributions to the Ecclesi- 
astical History of Connecticut, 156. 
W. Cothren, History of Ancient 
Woodbury, 137. S. H. Emery, Min- 



istry of Taunton, i. 173-176; ii. 1. 
New England Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register, vi. 72, 73 ; xviii. 
69. N. E. Phelps, History of Sims- 
bury, 32. J. Savage, Genealogical 
Dictionary, iv. 90. S. Sewall, Manu- 
scripts. W. B. Sprague, Annals of 
the American Pulpit, i. 116. B. 
Trumbull, History of Connecticut, i. 
494; ii. 531. 



1688. 

There were no Graduates this year. 



CLASS OF 1689. 



James Allen, 
Samuel Moody, 
William Payne, 
Addington Davenport, 
John Haynes, 
William Partridge, 
Richard Whittingham, 



John Emerson, 
John Sparhawk, 
Benjamin Marston, 
John Eveleth, 
Benjamin Pierpont, 
John Hancock, 
Thomas Swan. 



QUESTION ES 

Pro Modulo 

DISCUTIEND^ 

Sub Clarissimo Pariter ac Reverendissimo 
D. CRESCENTIO MAT HERO, 

Collegii Harvardini quod est Cantabrigite, Apud Nov- 
Anglos PRMSIDE quam maxime literato. 

IN COMITIIS PER INCEPTORES 
IN ARTIBUS 

Die Sexto Quintilis M DC XC II. 



His Antecedit Oratio Salutatoria. 



A 



JAMES ALLEN. 405 

N voluntas semper sequatur ulti- 
nmm Dictamen Intellectus ? 

Affirmat Respondens JACOBUS ALLEN. 



An Dettir in Deo Seieitiia media ? 

Negat Respondens SAMUEL MOODMUS. 

An Dominium Temporale fundetur in 

Gratia ? 

Negat Respondens JOHANNES EMERSONUS. 

An Bona Intentio sufficiat ad Bonitatem 
Actionis ? 

Negat Respondens JOHANNES SPARHAWIC 

An Cogitatio sit ipsa essentia Animce ? 

Negat Respondens BENJAMIN PIERPONT. 

An Cognitio Angelorum sit Discursiva ? 

Affirmat Respondens JOHANNES HANCOCK. 

His Accedit Oratio Valedictoria. 



JAMES ALLEN. 

Born 1670, died before 1698. 



James Allen, M. A., son of the Reverend James Al- 
len, an ejected minister, of Boston, by his second wife, 
Elizabeth, widow of John Endicott, and daughter of Jere- 
miah Houchin, was born 24 August, 1670. John Dun- 
ton, in his Life and Errors, published in 1705, mentions 



406 CLASS OF 1689. 

his visit to th" father, and says, "his son was an eminent 
minister here in England, and deceased at Northampton." 
He was starred in Mather's Magnalia, and in the Trien- 
nial Catalogue of 1700. The Interleaved Triennial of 
Gilman, H. U. 1724, has "went to England." A clergy- 
man of the same name died at Salisbury, Massachusetts, 
3 March, 1695-6, in the thirty-seventh year of his age, if 
the inscription from his gravestone is correctly printed in 
the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 
xiv. 369. 

Authority. — J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, i. 31. 



SAMUEL MOODY. 

Died 1729, aged 61. 



Samuel Moody, M. A., preacher, major, was son of 
the Reverend Joshua Moody, of Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire, and Boston, H. U. 1653, but the date of his 
birth has not been ascertained. 

August 27, 1693, the town of Hadley voted to send 
two messengers to procure a minister; they desired one 
to come "upon trial for some time." Not long after this, 
Mr. Samuel Moody, supposed to be this graduate, was 
preaching there, and, January 11, 1694, a rate was voted 
to pay him. Almost eleven months afterward, December 
3, 1694, the town voted to give him for his services £35 
in wheat, peas, and corn. These votes indicate that he 
preached at Hadley a few months in 1693, and a longer 
time in 1694. He next preached several years before 1704 
at Newcastle, New Hampshire. 

"It is said that, about the first of the last century, he 
preached several years at the Isle of Shoals. His hearers 



SAMUEL MOODY. 407 

were mostly fishermen, and he endeavored, as all ministers 
should, to adapt his discourses to the capacity and under- 
standing of his people. Addressing them once on the 
occasion of a shipwreck, he inquired, — 'Supposing, my 
brethren, any of you should be taken short in the bay, in 
a North East storm — your hearts trembling with fear — 
and nothing but death before you — whither would your 
thoughts turn ? — what would you do ? ' He paused, and 
an untutored sailor, whose attention was arrested by the 
description of a storm at sea, supposing he waited for an 
answer, replied, 'Why, in that case, d' ye see, I should 
immediately hoist the fore-sail, and scud away for 
Squam.' " 

By degrees he left off preaching, and became a military 
officer. Previous to 1705 he had the command of forty 
men at St. John's Fort in Newfoundland. As early as 
1709 he was commander of the fort at Casco Bay, Fal- 
mouth, then the frontier fort in Maine. In this situation 
he was in active communication or contention with the 
Indians for several years. He corresponded with the 
Jesuit Rale at Norridgewock, and became on several oc- 
casions the organ of communication between the Indians 
and the government. After the cessation of hostilities in 
Europe, the Indians, seeking peace, sent to him a flag of 
truce, which resulted in the articles of pacification entered 
into at Portsmouth, 13 July, 17 13. He probably con- 
tinued at Casco Fort till it was dismantled by order of 
the government, in 17 16. Then he, with the other per- 
sons who had occupied the houses ordered to be destroyed, 
moved to the Neck in Falmouth, now Portland, where 
was then but one family, named Ingersoll. 

July 20, 17 16, the Council granted a petition "pre- 
sented by Capt. Samuel Moody, late Commander of his 
Majesty's fort at Casco Bay, praying that he may have 
liberty to build a small fortification, with stockades at the 



40S CLASS OF 1689. 

town of Falmouth, commonly called Old Casco, about his 
own house, upon his own land in said town, and that he 
may furnish the same with arms and ammunition at his 
own charges for himself and the inhabitants there, being in 
number fifteen men, beside women and children." He ap- 
pears to have moved his family to the Neck in 17 16. He 
built his house fronting the beach below King Street, on 
the spot forming the corner of Fore and Hancock Streets. 
This for a number of years was the principal house in the 
town. Here he ever afterward lived, one of the most ac- 
tive, intelligent, and useful of the citizens, who chose him 
selectman seven years, and placed him in other responsible 
positions in town. He was also appointed Justice of the 
Peace by the government, at a time when it was truly a 
mark of distinction, bestowed as such and not for a fee, 
and one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas 
for the county, which office he held till his death. He 
was also appointed one of a delegation sent by the gov- 
ernment to demand satisfaction of the Indian chiefs for 
depredations committed in 1720. 

After the depredations at Merry Meeting Bay and on 
the coast east of the Kennebec River, and the destruction 
of Brunswick in 1722, he was associated as second in com- 
mand with Colonel Walton, who was commander-in-chief 
of the forces on the coast. A quarrel arose between Gov- 
ernor Shute and the House of Representatives. Walton 
and Moody were summoned by the House to answer to 
complaints against them. The Governor, though asked 
to dismiss them from the service, refused. The House 
threatened to withhold all appropriations for the war. A 
sort of compromise was effected, by which the two officers 
were ordered to Boston, where they were examined before 
the House, and after the departure of Shute were dismissed 
by the Lieutenant-Governor, William Dummer, without 
any sufficient reason assigned for it. The principal ground 



WILLIAM PAYNE. 



409 



of the opposition seems to have been that these officers 
were disposed to obey the instructions of the Governor 
rather than those of a branch of the Legislature. 

The gravestone in Portland contains this inscription : 
"Here lies interred y e body of Samuel Moody, Esq., one 
of his Majesty's Justices of y e Peace and a justice of y e 
Superior Court of Common Pleas in y e County of York, 
and formerly Major of his Majestys forces in y e eastern 
provinces, who deceased April 5th 1729. in y e 52nd year 
of his age," — the 52d probably being an error for 62d. 

April 4, 1695, Moody married Esther, daughter of 
Nathaniel Green, of Boston, and had, born at Newcastle, 
Joshua, 11 February, 1695-6, died 27 May, 1696; Joshua, 
31 October, 1697, on Sabbath day, at night, H. U. 17 16, 
died 1748; Samuel, 29 October, 1699, on Sabbath day 
night, between 11 and 12 o'clock, H. U. 17 1 8, died 22 
September, 1758; Mary, 16 November, 1701, on Sabbath 
day night about 1 1 o'clock, married Edmund Mountfort, 
and died in 1 75 1 . 

Probably they had other children, born after moving to 
Portland. 

Authorities. — S. Judd, and L. New England Historical and Gene- 

M. Boltwood, History of Hadley, alogical Register, vii. 124. J. Sav- 

326. R. F. Lawrence, New Hamp- age, Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 226. 

shire Churches, 54. Massachusetts W. Willis, in T. Smith's and S. 

Historical Society, Collections, xxii. Deane's Journals, 70, 178; and His- 

303. C. C. P. Moody, Biographical tory of Portland, 339, 346. 
Sketches of the Moody Family, 50. 



WILLIAM PAYNE. 

Born 1669, died 1736, aged 67. 



William Payne, M. A., of Boston, was son of Tobias 
Payne, who, born in England, arrived at Boston from 



4IO CLASS OF 1689. 

Jamaica, 26 October, 1666, and in the following Novem- 
ber married Sarah, widow of Captain Miles Standish, Jr., 
and daughter of John Winslow, of Boston, by his wife, 
Mary Chilton. William, the only child of these parents, 
was born 22 January, 1668-9, "on a friday morning, and 
after scholing went to Colledge Anno 1685, where," he 
says, "I remained 4 years." Then he "lived with his 
Father-in-Law Mr. Richard Middlecot to learn Merchants 
Accounts, till 1691. He went for England in 1692 and 
returned the next year to merchandise, but meeting with 
continual Loss, he apply'd himself to Publick Business, 
and in 169 8 rec d a Commission from Gov r Stoughton for 
the Impost. In 1699 received a Commission from my 
Lord Bellomont for Collector, in which Office he con- 
tinued till 17 10. In 17 14 he had a Commission from 
the Council for Sheriff of the County of Suffolk," and 
in 171 5 he was. recommissioned by Governor Tailer. "In 
1716 he was Commissioner of the Excise, after which he 
was in no Business at all, but lived on the Income of 
his Estate untill his decease, which was the 10th of June, 
1735, in the 66th year of his age, Leaving a Widow, 
three sons, five daughters, one daughter in law, a widow, 
and five Grand Children all Living." 

In 1 69 1 Payne became a member of the Ancient and 
Honorable Artillery Company. 

He was admitted to the Old North, or Second Church, 
in Boston, 20 March, 1692. 

He was one of the founders of Brattle Street Church. 

At a town meeting in the Brattle Street Church, No- 
vember, 171 1, after the disastrous fire, it was voted to 
concur "with the proposals made by the General Assem- 
bly, about building a House in or near the place where the 
old Town house stood." Thomas Brattle, H. U. 1676, 
and William Payne were appointed on the part of the 
town to make an arrangement with a committee of the 



WILLIAM PAYNE. 411 

General Court for jointly constructing a house to accom- 
modate both the town and Colony. An arrangement was 
entered into, and in March, 17 14, the town voted "235 
pounds, fourteen shillings and eight pence," to pay its 
part of the expense of the building. 

In 17 1 5 and 17 16, Payne was Representative from 
Boston to the legislature. 

After the arrival of the Scotch Irish from Londonderry, 
in Ireland, there was great excitement about the spinning 
of linen, and, 28 September, 1720, he was on a committee 
which reported, 27 December, a recommendation to build 
a house for the "promoting a Spinning School or Schools 
for the instruction of the children of this Town," the re- 
sult of which was the erection, at or near Hamilton Place, 
of a large building for the spinning of linen. It stood till 
after the war of the Revolution. 

In politics he belonged to the Cooke party, and when 
John White, H.U. 1685, failed of an election as Clerk 
of the House of Representatives, in 1721, Payne, brother 
by marriage of Mr. Cooke, and who had formerly been of 
the Cooke party, was appointed clerk in his stead. 

The Suffolk Records, xxxii. 216, contain an inventory 
of his estate, sworn to, 25 May, 1736, by his widow, Mar- 
garet, who, 30 November, 1736, presented a petition to 
the Legislature praying Leave to make sale of deceas'd's 
House and Land on Queen Street. 

In October, 1694, Payne married, (1.) Mary Taylor, 
daughter of James Taylor, Esq., of Boston; she died in 
childbed, 6 January, 1700. Their children were: 1. Wil- 
liam, born 25 November, 1695, who died February, 1705 ; 
2. Tobias, 25 June, 1697, married Sarah, daughter of 
Kenelm Winslow, and died in 1733 ; 3. Sarah, January, 
1699, married, 26 December, 1734, John Colman, Junior, 
of Boston; 4. Mary, 6 January, 1700, married, in Octo- 
ber, 1724, Jonathan Sewall. 



4 I2 



CLASS OF 1689. 



May 12, 1703, he married, (2.) Anne Stuart, born 
May, 1683, only child of William and Margaret Stuart, 
of Ipswich, and had: 1. Sarah, born 15 June, 1704, 
died 1705; 2. William, 19 September, 1706; 3. William, 
26 January, 1707 [-8]; 4. Edward, 17 March, i7o8[~9] ; 
5. Ann, 8 June, 171 1; 6. John, 9 February, I7I2[— 3]; 
7. Edward, 7 October, 17 14; 8. Margaret, 22 May, 
1 7 1 6, married, 7 October, 1741, John Phillips, of Bos- 
ton; 9. Richard, 4 April, 1718; 10. Thomas, 23 April, 
1720, died young; 11. Edward, 4 February, i72i[-2]; 
12. Jane, 17 February, 17 23 [-4]. 



Authorities. — S. G. Drake, His- 
tory and Antiquities of Boston, 542, 
560. T. Hutchinson, History of 
Massachusetts Bay, ii. 250. Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, Proceed- 
ings, xiii. 409-418. Massachusetts 
House Journals, 1 723, June 3, 10, etc. ; 
1 736, November 30 ; 1 738-9, January 



6 ; 1745, December 21. C. Robbins, 
History of the Second Church, or Old 
North, 267, 268. J. Savage, Gene- 
alogical Dictionary, iii. 338. N. B. 
Shurtleff, Letter, 1848, March 30. 
Z. G. Whitman, History of the An- 
cient and Honorable Artillery Com- 
pany, 223. 



ADDINGTON DAVENPORT. 

Born 1670, died 1736, aged 65. 



Addington Davenport, M. A., who took his second 
degree in 17 12, and died on Friday, 3 April, 1736, was 
son of Eleazer, of Boston, mariner, who married Rebecca, 
born in 1648, daughter, of Isaac Addington. His grand- 
father, Richard Davenport, Captain of the Castle in Bos- 
ton Harbor, being fatigued with labor, lay down upon his 
bed to rest, and was killed by lightning, 15 July, 1665. 
There was only a wainscot partition between the room 
where he was killed and the magazine of powder. 

The graduate was born, 3 August, 1670. His parents 



ADDINGTON DAVENPORT. 4I3 

died when he was young, and his uncle, the Secretary, 
Isaac Addington, afterward Chief Justice of the Superior 
Court of Massachusetts, " having no child, in a sort 
adopted him," and sent him to college. In 1690 he 
went to "England, and after that made a voyage to Spain 
& the West Indies!' He returned to Boston about 1692, 
established himself in business in that year, became a 
member of the Artillery Company, and Clerk of the 
first House of Representatives under the new charter. 
In 1695 "he was made Clerk to the Superior Court, but 
quitted it in the year 1698, when he was appointed Clerk 
to the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, and Register of 
Deeds for the County of Suffolk ; which Offices he sus- 
tained till the Year 17 14." 

In 171 1, 1712, and 1 7 13, he was Representative. In 
1 7 14 he was chosen into the Council. At that time there 
was a struggle between the friends and opponents of a 
public bank, which resulted in raising fifty thousand 
pounds in bills of credit, and placing them in the hands 
of five trustees, to be loaned to the inhabitants of the 
Province at five per cent interest. Davenport was made 
one of these trustees, and his associates were John White, 
H.U. 1685, Andrew Belcher, Thomas Hutchinson, and 
Edward Hutchinson, who were among the leading men 
in Massachusetts. 

He occupied his seat as Councillor "Seventeen Years in 
the whole, and was truly an Honour to that Board, from 
first to last, hardly any Business of Consequence brought 
upon the Carpet, but what he was employed in, and very 
often Chairman of the Committees of both Houses of the 
General Court, and was always observed to take great care 
of the Honour of the Government, and yet at the same 
Time, to secure the just Liberties of his Country, and 
never among them that are given to Change. 

"He was no forward Speaker, but did not spare when 



4H CLASS OF I609. 

there was Occasion ; and as his Words were waited for, so 
his Judgment was much hearkened to, and relied upon ; 
and the Stability of those Times was much owing to his 
Wisdom and steady Council." 

In 17 15 the office of Secretary of the Province became 
vacant by the death of Davenport's uncle, Isaac Adding- 
ton, and he and Paul Dudley, H. U. 1690, were appointed 
commissioners to keep the seal and records of Massachu- 
setts Bay. In the same year he was appointed as successor 
to Jonathan Curwin, one of the Justices of the Superior 
Court. In 1723 he was one of the judges of a court con- 
stituted by special commission to try pirates at Newport. 
He continued to be Judge of the Superior Court while he 
lived, though, "for the last Year and an half, he was very 
much taken off from the Service of the Bench, by a Series 
of Fits and Languishing." July 3, 1735, a substitute 
to sign bills of credit was chosen in his place, because 
"through infirmity of Body" he was "rendred unable to 
attend that Service." 

Washburn writes: "He seems to have enjoyed a great 
share of popular favor if we may judge from the frequency 
of his being elected to office, and the sketches of his char- 
acter that have come to us from his contemporaries certainly 
would seem to justify the favor he enjoyed. As a judge 
he feared God and regarded man. Another notice says, 
'He was eminent for his good Religious Prudence, Mod- 
esty and Moderation, which made his Friendship valuable. 
His Temper grave yet pleasant and sociable withal, and 
that rendered his Conversation agreeable. In his private 
Relation of a Husband, Father, Master, and Neighbour, 
he was very exemplary and desirable.' " 

November 10, 1698, he married Elizabeth, born 5 De- 
cember, 1679, daughter of Colonel John and Elizabeth 
(Norton) Wainwright, of Ipswich, who died in 1756. 
They had: 1. Addington, born 16 May, 1701, H. U. 



JOHN HAYNES. 4 I 5 

1719; 2. John, 31 May, 1702; 3. John, 21 November, 
1703; 4. Elizabeth, 20 December, 1704, married, 10 
March, 1720-1, William Dudley, H. U. 1704; 5. Re- 
becca, 18 May, 1707; 6. Eleazer, 21 November, 1709; 
7. Eleazer, 19, died 21 May, 1712; 8. Lucy, 11 June, 
1 7 14, who, 23 October, 1735, became the second wife of 
the Reverend Ebenezer Turell, of Medford, H. U. 1721, 
and died 17 May, 1759. 

The wills of Davenport and his wife are printed in the 
Leverett Memorial, and also in the New England His- 
torical and Genealogical Register, iv. 112, 115. Mrs. 
Davenport's will is remarkable for the number of portraits 
mentioned in it, being seven, of which some, perhaps all, 
are still preserved. 

Authorities. — Boston Evening New England Historical and Gene- 
Post, 1736, April 5, 19. Boston alogical Register, iv. Ill, 116. J. 
News-Letter, 1736, April 8. C. G. Palfrey, Sermon, 24 July, 1824, 31. 
Brooks, History of the Town of J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, 
Medford, 555. Essex Institute His- ii. II; iv. 3S2. E. Washburn, Ju- 
torical Collections, iv. 1S8, 189. J. dicial History, 173, 242, 279; and 
B. Felt, History of Ipswich, 153, History of Leicester, 11. Z. G. 
172. T. Hutchinson, History of Whitman, History of the Ancient 
Massachusetts Bay, i. 252. [C. E. and Honorable Artillery Company, 
Leverett,] Memoir of John Leverett, 227. 
36. Massachusetts House Journals. 



JOHN HAYNES. 

Born 1669, died 17 13, aged 44? 



John Haynes, B. A., eldest son of the Reverend 
Joseph Havnes, of Hartford, Connecticut, H. U. 1658, 
by his wife Sarah, daughter of Captain Richard Lord, of 
Hartford, and grandson of Governor John Haynes, was 
born in 1669, studied divinity with his father, and died 
25 November, 17 13. 



416 CLASS OF 1689. 

Soon after the death of the Reverend Pelatiah Glover, 
of Springfield, Massachusetts, which occurred 29 March, 
1692, the town "invited Mr. John Haines to be their 
minister; but though repeatedly urged, he declined to 
settle" there. He returned to Hartford and studied law. 
He was appointed Justice of the Peace and Quorum in 
May, 1698. From May, 1708, till his death, he was 
elected Assistant or member of the Council of Connecti- 
cut. In 1 7 13 he was Assistant Judge of the Superior 
Court, of which all the judges were magistrates. 

November 7, 1693, he married Mary, born 17 April, 
1672, daughter of the Reverend Pelatiah and Hannah 
(Cullick) Glover, of Springfield. His son left no chil- 
dren, so that in 17 17 the male line of the Governor be- 
came extinct in America. 

Authorities. — G. Bliss, Address S. Judd, Letter, 1846, June 25. New 

in Springfield, 24 March, 1S2S, 35. England Historical and Genealogical 

Connecticut Public Records (C. J. Register, xiii. 148, 344. J. Savage, 

Hoadly), iv. 260, etc. A. Glover, Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 262, 263, 

Glover Memorials and Genealogies, 390. 15. Trumbull, History of Con- 

462, 479, 4S0. J. G. Holland, His- necticut, i. 432, 434, 453. 
toryof Western Massachusetts, i. 146. 



WILLIAM PARTRIDGE. 

Born 1669, died 1693, aged 23. 

William Partridge (or Partrigg, according to the old 
spelling), B. A., born at Hadley, Massachusetts, 16 No- 
vember, 1669, was son of the Honorable Colonel Samuel 
and Mehitable (daughter of John Crow) Partridge, who 
moved to Hatfield, Massachusetts, about 1687. The 
town of Wethersfield, Connecticut, employed him to as- 
sist John Woodbridge, H. U. 1664, who was disqualified 



RICHARD WHITTINGHAM. 4 I 7 

by bodily infirmity for performing clerical duties. He 
continued there from September, 1691, to February, 1693, 
when the church and town invited him to settle in the 
ministry. I have no authority for supposing that he ac- 
cepted the invitation, or was ever ordained. He died at 
Wallingford, Connecticut, 24 September, 1693. 

Authorities. — J. T. Dickinson, ters, 1S46, June 25 ; 1848, May 3, 10. 

Genealogies of the Lymans, Dickin- S. Judd and L. M. Boltwood, His- 

sons, and Partridges, 27. N. Good- tory of Hadley, 550. 
win, Foote Family, xl. S. Judd, Let- 



RICHARD WHITTINGHAM. 

Richard Whittingham, M. A., was son of William 
Whittingham, H. U. 1660, who married Mary, daughter 
of John Lawrence, of Ipswich, who had moved to New 
York on its conquest by the English in 1664. His 
wife died at Boston in November, 1671, and he died in 
London, England, "or on his way thither, to recover the 
estate of his family, as tradition goes." 

The Boston News-Letter, January 22, and the New 
England Weekly Journal, January 26, 1730, state that 
Richard Whittingham "went over to his estate at Souther- 
ton, and lived and lately died at Boston or near it, leaving 
only Female children." In the Collections of the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, v. 207, it is stated that he 
"went to London, enjoyed the family estate in Boston, 
Lincolnshire, and there died." He was not starred in 
1700, but was in the Triennial of 1727. See Volume 
II. pages 62-64. 

Authorities. — Massachusetts Genealogical Register, v. 149 ; xi. 
Historical Society, Collections, v. 126; xxvii. 26. J. Savage, Gene- 
207. New England Historical and alogical Dictionary, iv. 537. 

VOL. III. 27 [ August 20, .884.] 



418 CLASS OF 1689. 

JOHN EMERSON. 

Born 1G70, died 1732, aged 62. 

Rev. John Emerson, M. A., born 14 May, 1670, 
was son of the Reverend John Emerson, of Gloucester, 
Massachusetts, H. U. 1656. From letters of the Faculty 
of the College, published in the Collections of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, xxxviii. 111, 665, it appears 
that his father was about removing him from College in 
his Sophomore year, without their permission, and putting 
him under the care of the Reverend Charles Morton, of 
Charlestown ; which led them to say that he had been 
"too negligent in his studyes, & that for cont" misde- 
meano rs hee hath bin publickly punished, tho much less 
than his faults deserve," and that, if he were thus re- 
moved, "the penalty which the Colledge Law on that 
account doth inflict, will not be remitted." 

The son appears to have spent the first few years after 
graduation at home with his father; probably in prepara- 
tion for the ministry. It has been supposed that he was 
the Mr. Emerson who escaped at the massacre of Waldron 
and others at Dover, 27 June, 1689. But he had not 
then graduated, was but about nineteen years old, and 
could hardly have been then a preacher. The Emerson 
alluded to was the graduate in 1675. 

The graduate of 1689 preached at Manchester, Massa- 
chusetts, from 1695 to 1698, succeeding his classmate, John 
Eveleth, who was also a native of Gloucester. In 1701 
he was residing in Salem. September 12, 1701, he was 
invited to become the minister of Marlborough, Massa- 
chusetts, as successor of William Brimsmead. This gave 
rise to a long and bitter controversy. In March, 1702, 
he declined the call. It was renewed in April, and de- 



JOHN EMERSON. 419 

clined again in May. The advice of several distinguished 
divines was asked, and two ecclesiastical councils were con- 
vened, both of which advised him not to accept the invi- 
tation. The papers connected with this controversy, such 
as letters of invitation, remonstrances, and the results of 
councils, are preserved. Among them are manuscript let- 
ters of Increase Mather and Cotton Mather. They mani- 
fest the fixed determination of both parties, but give no 
distinct information relative to the grounds of the oppo- 
sition. The lists of the names of the respective parties 
indicate that the controversy was to a great extent sec- 
tional ; from this it was easy to become personal. 

Emerson moved to Ipswich, and in 1703, in a deed, he 
calls himself "gentleman" of that town. May 24, 1703, 
he was invited to be settled at "Newcastle in Piscata- 
qua," New Hampshire. He was ordained there, 8 No- 
vember, 1704, as the first minister. In 1708, in poor 
health, he visited England, spent some time in London, 
and was handsomely noticed by Queen Anne. 

"He did considerable Service to the Interests of Re- 
ligion" at Newcastle, "but being impaired in his Health, 
by Advice, he remov'd from thence in 1712." 

When the old meeting-house below the South Bridge in 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, was vacated for the occu- 
pancy of the new North Church, Emerson was employed 
by those who did not remove to preach to them. This 
caused great dissatisfaction, the particulars of which have 
been given in the sketch of Nathaniel Rogers, H. U. 
1687, on page 380. He was installed first pastor over 
the South Church, 23 March, 17 15. The tradition is, 
that a majority of the church members adhered to Emer- 
son. He was offered one hundred pounds, the strangers' 
contribution, and a house at the charge of the town. 
During his ministry he baptized seven hundred and sixty- 
two persons. There were one hundred and twenty-four 



420 CLASS OF I659. 

accessions to his church, forty of them after "the great 
earth quake," 29 October, 1727, which he ever noticed by 
a sermon on the evening of the anniversary of that day. 

After the raising, in 1731, of the new meeting-house, 
afterward known as the Old South meeting-house, he made 
a prayer upon a stage, fixed in a frame for the occasion, 
in which he particularly gave thanks that no accident had 
happened in preparing and putting the frame together. 
It was his last public service. He died 21 June, 1732. 

Emerson "was laborious in preaching the Gospel, and 
more especially remark'd for a Catholick Spirit, a Readi- 
ness to forgive Offences, and a Disposition to do kind 
and good Offices. For some time before his Death he 
was afflicted with a Complication of Distempers, which he 
underwent with a becoming Patience and Resignation." 
He was interred in Cotton's burial-ground, his flock pay- 
ing him the respect of burying him at their own expense. 

His successor was William ShurtlefF, H. U. 1707. 

May 14, 1696, Emerson married Mary Batter of Salem, 
Massachusetts, and had the following children, who sur- 
vived their father : Mary, who married Francis Winkley, 
of Kittery, Maine; Elizabeth, never married; Ann, wife 
of Captain Stephen Greenleaf, of Portsmouth ; Sarah, who 
married Davis, of Portsmouth; Dorothy, wife of Elihu 
Gunnison, Esquire, of Kittery ; Martha, wife of Flint, of 
Plaistow. There were several others who died young. 

Portraits of Emerson and his wife are preserved in 
Portsmouth. He is represented as wearing a full wig, 
and having unusually attractive and commanding features 
and a winning expression of countenance. 

Authorities. — N. Adams, An- J. Allen, History of Northborough 

nals of Portsmouth, 131, 132, 160, (Worcester Magazine, ii. 1 87). Amer- 

161, 162. T. Alden, Account of Re- ican Quarterly Register, vi. 243, 245. 

ligious Societies in Portsmouth, 16, J. J. Babson, History of Gloucester, 

21,37 ; alsoin Massachusetts Histori- 197, 19S. J. Belknap, History of 

cal Society's Collections, x. 48, 53, 69. New Hampshire (Farmer's ed.). 13°- 



JOHN SPARHAWK. 



421 



Boston News-Letter, 1704, Novem- 
ber 20; 1732, February 3. C. W. 
Brewster, Rambles about Ports- 
mouth, 67, 90, 91. J. Farmer and 
J. B. Moore, Collections, Historical 
and Miscellaneous, ii. 146, 198, 268. 
L. A. Field, Historical Sketch of 
First Congregational Church in 
Marlborough, 15. J. Fitch, Brief 
Narrative. Historical Magazine, x. 
81. C. Hudson, History of the Town 
of Marlborough, 10 1, 102. R. F. 
Lawrence, New Hampshire Church- 
es, 96. Leach, Manuscript History 



of Manchester. Massachusetts His- 
torical Society, Collections, x. 4S, 
53,69; xxii. 303; xxxviii. ill, 112, 
663. New Fngland Historical and 
Genealogical Register, iv. 362 ; xx. 
324. New Hampshire Historical 
Society, Collections, vi. 269. N. 
Parker, Dedication Sermon, 19. A. 
P. Peabody, Sermons connected with 
the Reopening of the Church of 
the South Parish, 52. Portsmouth 
Chronicle, 1853, November 18. J. 
Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, ii. 
117. Worcester Magazine, ii. 187. 



JOHN SPARHAWK. 

Born 1673? died 17 18, aged 45? 

Rev. John Sparhawk, M. A., of Bristol, Rhode Island, 
born in the part of Cambridge now Brighton, Massachu- 
setts, was son of Nathaniel Sparhawk, who married, 3 
October, 1649, Patience, daughter of the Reverend Sam- 
uel Newman, of Rehoboth, the author of the Concord- 
ance. He went to Bristol, Rhode Island, 6 October, 
1693. The weekly collections were devoted to the sup- 
port of the ministry, and the contribution of 8 October, 
1693, the first Sunday after he went there, was £1 2s. 
September 19, 1694, "Voted, that for the love & honor 
we bear to the Rev. John Sparhawk, & in hopes of his 
speedy settlement among us, we do hereby promise to 
pay him by weekly contribution or otherwise the sum of 
£70 per annum whilst he remains a single man, & £80 
per annum when he comes to keep a family." He "was, 
by the laying on of the hands of the presbytery, being 
pastors of neighbouring churches, ordained the pastor of 
this church June 12, 1695." March 14, 17 14, his salary 



422 CLASS OF 1 689. 

was raised, by way of rate and by weekly contribution, 
from £80 to £100. He appears to have been unwell for 
many of the last months of his life, as, 16 July, 17 17, a 
committee was chosen to provide help for carrying on 
public worship for three months. He died 29 April, 
171 8, in the forty-fifth year of his age, "having approved 
himself," according to an obituary in the Boston News- 
Letter, "a faithful steward in the House of God, Emi- 
nent for his Prudence, Patience, and Peaceableness in his 
whole Conduct, for diligence and exactness in his prepara- 
tions for his publick Labours, for exemplary Temperance, 
Sobriety and Moderation in his whole Converse, for zeal 
against Vice, and forwardness to promote the Gospelizing 
of such Plantations who were in danger of perishing for 
want of Vision. His departure is much Lamented by all 
that knew him. He died in the 46th Year of his Age, 
having been an Ordained Minister about 23 Years: was 
buryed on Friday the 2d Currant; the Ministers of the 
County being present and several Gentlemen from Rhode 
Island, and other Neighbouring Towns, making up a great 
Number of People that attended at his Funeral." One of 
his successors, John Burt, H. U. 1736, testified, more than 
twenty years after his decease, that he "remained exceed- 
ingly dear and precious to his people." He married 
Elizabeth Poole, perhaps the Elizabeth born 26 July, 
1674, daughter of John Poole, of Newbury. He had 
two other wives, by one of whom, Priscilla, who survived 
him several years, "and was assisted by the kindness of 
the town," he had at least John Sparhawk, H. U. 173 1, 
and the Honorable Nathaniel Sparhawk, who married 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the first Sir William Pep- 
perrell, of Kittery, — the only child who survived her 
father, — and by her had Sir William Pepperrell, H. U. 
1766, who was permitted by the King to assume the name 
and arms of his grandfather. 



BENJAMIN MARSTON. 423 

Sparhavvk is frequently alluded to in Sewall's Diary; 
and in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, volumes xlv.-xlvii.; and Timothy Alden gives 
his epitaph. His predecessor at Bristol was Samuel Lee, 
and his successor was Nathaniel Cotton, H. U. 1717. 

Authorities. — American Ouar- olic Congregational Church, Bristol, 

terly Register, xii. 261, 265. Boston R. I., 6. L. R. Paige, History of 

News-Letter, 171S, May 12. Mas- Cambridge, 657. J. Savage, Gene- 

sachusetts Historical Society, Collec- alogical Dictionary, iii. 392; iv. 144. 

tions, xlvii. 1S3, 194. New England T. Shepard, Two Discourses, 14; 

Historical and Genealogical Regis- and his Letter, 1864, April 29. 
ter, xxiv. 214. C. P. Osborne, Cath- 



BENJAMIN MARSTON. 

Born 1670, died before 169S. 

Benjamin Marston, B. A., probably the son of Ma- 
nasseh Marston, of Salem, Massachusetts, whose wife was 
Mercy Pearce, was born 30 July, 1670. Manasseh Mars- 
ton was the son of John and Alice Marston, the first of 
the name in Salem, was a blacksmith, and married Mary 
Pearce, 23 August, 1667. The graduate may have died 
within three years after graduating, as he did not take his 
second degree. He certainly died young, as his name is 
starred in Mather's Magnalia, and in the Triennial Cata- 
logues of 1700 and 17 1 5. He has often been confounded 
with Benjamin Marston, H. U. 17 15, who was born about 
the same time, and rose to eminence after this one's death. 

Authorities. — American Ouar- moirs of the Marstons of Salem ; and 

terly Register, xv. 185. J. L. Wat- in the New England Historical and 

son, Letters, 1864, May 23; 1S73, Genealogical Register, xxvii. 291, 

January 30, February 5, December 390. W. M. Watson, Letter, 1872, 

19; 1874, January 10; also his Me- June 15. 



424 CLASS OF 1689. 

JOHN EVELETH. 

Born 1670, died 1734, aged 64. 

Rev. John Eveleth (or Eveleigh, as commonly 
written), B. A., born 18 February, 1669-70, was son of 
Joseph Eveleth, of Gloucester, Massachusetts, who mar- 
ried, 1 January, 1667-8, Mary, daughter of Edward 
Bragge, of Ipswich, moved to Chebacco Parish, now Es- 
sex, about 1674, and with other jurors signed the declara- 
tion of humiliation and regret for the part taken by them 
in the Salem trials for witchcraft. He lived till 1 Decem- 
ber, 1745, aged one hundred and five years. 

The graduate appears to have been fitted for college by 
Daniel Rogers, H. U. 1686, at the Ipswich Grammar 
School. 

According to Savage and Wyman, he "married at 
Charlestown, then being a schoolmaster, 2 December, 
1692, Mary Bowman, daughter of Francis Bowman, of 
Cambridge" Farms, now Lexington, "had Joseph, who 
died 27 October, 17 14, aged about eighteen, buried at 
Cambridge, probably a student at the College." 

The graduate began to preach at Manchester, Massa- 
chusetts, the year that he took his first degree. He was 
ordained there 1 October, 1693, dismissed in 1695; or 
he preached there during that time without being ordained, 
and was succeeded by his classmate, John Emerson, who 
was also a native of Gloucester. After this he appears at 
Enfield. In 1699 he was invited to Stow, Massachusetts, 
where, 7 May, 1700, he was unanimously called to be 
settled. Late in 1702 or early in 1703, probably at the 
organization of the church, he was ordained as the first 
minister. According to the town records, on which the 
contract for settlement is recorded in full, he is to have 



JOHN EVELETH. 425 

"a yearly sallery of fourty 6 pounds a yeare in mony and 
also Thirty Cords of wood for his fiers, and enjoy all y e 
Lands formerly aloted by this Town for y e minist 1 ; and 
alsoe y e dwelling house Built and erected neare unto y e s d 
lot within this Towne for his y e s d m r Eueleth's owne only 
vse all y e Time hee shall Liue and dwell in y e same and 
attend y e Constant worke of preaching y e word of God in 
and unto y e people of this Towne and he shall alsoe haue 
and enjoy 6 y e only use and benefit he shall make by y e 
Improv' of all y e vplands and meadows alowed as aboues d 
every part and p r cill thereof . . . also half y e fifty acre Lot 
formerly Laid out by this Towne for y e minist 1 " to be de- 
vided Lengthwayes y' is to say y e half next and joyning 
vpon Boaz Browne Sen r house lot, also half y e meadow 
Aloted for y e minist* and twenty five acres of vpland or 
swamplands out of sume of y e Common Lands of this 
Town not yet laid out with all common and vshall privi- 
ledges of s d fifty acres of Land seeven acres and halfe of 
meadow Ground is freely Given and Granted vnto Mr. Jn? 
Eueleth o!^ minister to him and to his heirs for euer in 
Case y e s d Mr. Eueleth shall Continue and settle in this 
Towne and Live and dye amongst them in y e worke of y e 
ministry." 

There are no church records of Stow during Eveleth's 
ministry, but according to the town records there was a 
town meeting, 14 November, 17 17, "to consider what 
steps to be taken in reference to Mr. Eveleth's carriage 
amongst us of late." He was probably dismissed soon 
afterward, as an ecclesiastical council had been called be- 
fore 6 January, 17 17-8. There is a tradition, to which I 
would not attach much importance, that his wife made his 
home so uncomfortable by her disposition that he was 
wont to seek relief from her persecution by going to the 
tavern, where in those days the neighbors as well as trav- 
ellers were frequently calling and associating, and thus he 



426 CLASS OF 1689. 

was led into intemperate habits. After his dismission 
from the ministry, he was employed in Stow as a teacher, 
and even in 17 19 he received compensation for teaching 
in that year. As late as 19 May, 1724, his wife Mary 
gives a receipt for money for her husband. 

John Gardner, H. U. 1715, his successor in the minis- 
try, went to Stow to preach early in 171 8, or before. 

At a meeting of the town of Arundel, now Kennebunk 
Port, Maine, 25 September, 17 19, "Andrew Brown and 
Thomas Perkins was chosen to agree with John Eveleth 
minister for to carry on the work of the ministry with us 
for a quarter of a year next, and what they doe agree 
with him for, the town will stand by and allow." On the 
1 8th of the following November, fifty acres of land were 
granted to him "upon condition of his building a house 
in the town within a year." The committee chosen to 
agree with him gave him .£26; but the next quarter of a 
year the town voted him £30 and fifty acres of land, and 
"made his house comfortable for him to live in, and the 
People to meet in a Sabath days." The next year, 1720, 
they gave him "the sum of £50 for to Dispence the 
woord of god unto them for one whole year." West- 
brook's Journal makes record of his preaching two ser- 
mons at Fort May, Winter Harbor, on Sunday, 12 May, 
1723. He continued to preach at Arundel for £50 a 
year till 4 March, 1724, when a committee was chosen by 
the town of Saco "to discourse with Mr. Eveleth and the 
selectmen of Arundel," as to having him preach half the 
time at Winter Harbor. The inhabitants of Arundel, 
finding it difficult to raise the whole salary, consented to 
the arrangement. For that year the people of Winter 
Harbor, or Saco and Biddeford, voted him £26 for his 
services half the time. 

The Massachusetts House of Representatives resolved, 
17 December, 1724, that, as he had preached at "Arundel 



JOHN EVELETH. 427 

& Biddeford and to the Forces there," he having had some 
allowance for said service, but "no allowance having been 
made him for subsistence whereby to enable him to per- 
form that good Design," he should have subsistence 
allowed from the preceding 11 January to that date. In 
March, 1726, Arundel voted to raise .£20 to pay his sal- 
ary and other necessary charges in the town, and in the 
same year Saco and Biddeford determined to have a "whole 
minister." It is stated that some time before June in this 
year he went as chaplain in an expedition against the 
French and Indians. 

June 7, 1726, upon the "Petition of the Select-Men of 
the Town of Arundell" the Massachusetts House of Rep- 
resentatives "Resolved. That in Consideration of the 
Towns of Arundell & Biddeford being reduced to low Cir- 
cumstances by reason of the late Indian War, and not 
having as yet been able to Settle a Minister among them, 
and there being Soldiers Posted there, that the Sum of 
Forty Pounds be allowed ... for the Use of the Gentleman 
that performs said Service alternately on the Lord's Days 
at the Towns of Arundell & Biddeford^ if the Weather 
permits." 

In 1727, after the establishment of peace, the town of 
Arundel voted to build a meeting-house, the house in 
which Eveleth lived having been used for a town-house, 
meeting-house, and dwelling-house, and to give him £60 
money, with the Contribution money therein contained, 
for carrying on the work of the Ministry for one year," 
besides furnishing him with firewood. In 1728 his salary 
was fixed at .£52, in addition to the contribution and his 
firewood, so long as he should continue minister of the 
town. The next year, 1729, at his own "Desier, the 
town did fairly dismiss him." The inhabitants were very 
unwilling he should leave them, as he was not only their 
minister and schoolmaster, but a good blacksmith and 



428 CLASS OF 1689. 

farmer, and the best fisherman in town. He lived near 
Crow Hill, where he resided in 1732. For about nine 
years he was considered the minister of Arundel, though 
it does not appear that he was ever installed. His suc- 
cessor at Saco was Marston Cabot, H. U. 1724, and at 
Arundel, Thomas Prentice, H. U. 1726. 

Bradbury states that he preached at Mansfield and En- 
field after leaving Stow and before going to Arundel, which 
is hardly probable, considering how short the time was 
between his teaching at Stow and preaching at Arundel. 

The following is the inscription on his gravestone in a 
field in Kittery near Eliot: "Here Lyes Buried the Body 
of the Rev d Mr. John Eveleth, who departed this Life 
Aug* 1 st Anno: Dom: 1734, aged 65 years." May he 
have read the Episcopal service at Kittery near the close 
of his life ? 

In the old Stow burial-ground near the Common is a 
gravestone with this inscription: "Mr s Mary Eueleth 
Reliec 1 Widow of y e Reun d Mr. John Eueleth," who dec d 
December y e 2 d A. D. 1747, aged about 75 years." 

Authorities. —J.J. Babson, His- Epitaphs from the Old Burying- 
tory of Gloucester, 91, 92, 93. C. Ground in Cambridge, 49. J. New- 
Bradbury, History of Kennebunk ell, [Century] Sermon, 16 May, 1783, 
Port, 109, 1 10, 112, 115, 122-124. 17- New England Historical and 
R. Crowell, History of Essex, 130, Genealogical Register, iv. 38, 263. 
150. J. B. Felt, in American Quar- J. Savage, Genealogical Dictionary, 
terly Register, vii. 251, 258; and his ii. 129; iii. 618. S. Sewall, in Amer- 
History of Ipswich, 338. G. Folsom, ican Quarterly Register, xi. 251, 269. 
History of Saco and Bidcleford, 21S, Stow Town Records. C. W. Up- 
224. J. Gardner, in Massachusetts ham, Salem Witchcraft, ii. 306, 475. 
Historical Society's Collections, x. T. B. Wyman, Genealogies and Es- 
83. J. Greenleaf, Sketches of Eccle- tates of Charlestown, i. 337. 
siastical History, S3- W. T. Harris, 



BENJAMIN PIERPONT. JOHN HANCOCK. 429 

BENJAMIN PIERPONT. 

Born 1668, died 1698, aged 29. 

Rev. Benjamin Pierpont, M. A., born 26 July, 1668, 
brother of James, H. U. 1681, and son of John, of Rox- 
bury, whose wife was Thankful, daughter of John Stow, 
died at Charleston, South Carolina, 3 January, 1698. 

Authorities. — T. W. Harris, Manuscript Memoranda. J. Savage, 
Genealogical Dictionary, iii. 433. 



JOHN HANCOCK. 

Born 1671, died 1752, aged 81. 



Rev. John Hancock, M. A., of Lexington, Massa- 
chusetts, born in 1671, was sixth child of Nathaniel 
Hancock, of Cambridge, shoemaker, whose wife was 
Mary, daughter of Henry Prentice. He taught the 
Grammar School in Cambridge in 1691. 

"Groton dasamber 21 1691 . . . did then uoat that 
thay would inuite som meet parson to prach gods word 
to them with as much speed as may be. 

"2 At the same day thay did apoint and by uoat 
daclare that sa Josiah parkar and sar John parish & Wil- 
liam longly & sar James parkar should go down & fach 
up som meet parsan to preach to us & the town is to 
bare the charg." 

December 28, the inhabitants "did then by uoat da- 
clare that thay would giue to the minister m r hancock 
aight pounds money for the first quarter of the yere and 
pay for his bord besides & this to be payed by way of 
Raate. 



430 CLASS OF 1689. 

."the same day y e town did uoat that the charges Ra- 
faring to the ministers & rooms m r hobrt & the other 
minister should be payd out of the 3 pound of paper- 
bells of cradit in the capt hand that was giuen for 
scouting. 

"it was uoated allso that thay would pay 5 shilins par 
week in corn an prouishan for his bord." 

March 21, 1692, the town "did then by uoat datarman 
that thay would giue to master hancock the full som of 
sixtey pound one fourth part siluer for a yers salarey for 
Preaching in order to ordnation in dew time and the 
other three parts in pay corn or prouishon at comon 
prys & m r hancocock bord himself." 

May 16, 1692, "the inhabitants of the town being 
mat togather this day to consider of som tarmes Ra- 
faring to mr hancocks wadges for praching the word 
of God to us & thay did this day by uoat datarmin to 
giue mr hancock flue pounds in money for his praching 
8 sabath days before the comminsment and pay for his 
bording and then if he pleas to acsapt of the towns pro- 
posishans in order to setlement in dew time wt the in- 
habitants of this town shall Radely acsapt of him for our 
minister &c." 

No further proceedings respecting the settling of Han- 
cock at Groton are recorded. 

November 7, 1697, the town of Lexington, Massa- 
chusetts, invited him to preach till May following as a 
candidate for settlement, and agreed that he should have 
eighteen shillings a week and pay his own charges. He 
began 12 December, and in the February following, "It 
was voted by the majore part of y e people that were 
present, that Mr. Hancock should bee further invited 
to continue with us for a settlement," and a committee 
"were made choyce of by y e companye to traatte with 
Mr. Hancock about his settelling with us." In March, 



JOHN HANCOCK. 43 1 

1698, "The sallerye that was formerlye granted to y e 
Reverend Mr. Benjamin Estabrook" was granted to him, 
and "four score pounds in moneye towards his settle- 
ment, y e one-half in y e yeare 1698, and y e other half in 
yeare 1699." The preliminaries being settled, the church 
"by a unanimuse votte" proposed "to prosede" to his 
ordination "in convenient time," and the congregation, 
on the 6th of September, 1698, "votted, without the 
church on the affirmative, — very fully — at a full met- 
tinge." 

Having been dismissed from Newton church, he was 
ordained, 2 November, 1698, provision being made by 
the parish for the entertainment of the council. The 
records of the proceedings are as follows: " Five churches 
were sent unto to carry on the work of said day, viz: 
the South Church of Christ in Boston, the churches of 
Christ in Cambridge, Newtown Concord and Woburn, — 
the elders and messengers appeared, and in the morning, 
Mr. Willard being moderator, they proceded, having 
made way for it, and earnestly emploring Heaven's bless- 
ing on the affairs of the day, unto ordination. Rev. 
Mr. Willard giving the charge, and Rev. Mr. Joseph 
Estabrook, the right hand of fellowship; — the elders 
of the other churches assisted by laying on of hands," 
Hancock himself preaching the sermon. 

Hancock continued to be sole pastor till the ordina- 
tion, 2 January, 1734, of his son Ebenezer Hancock, 
H. U. 1728, as his colleague. By his son's sudden 
death from the throat distemper, 28 January, 1740, he 
again became sole pastor. "Instead of sinking in such 
a Day of Adversity, or having his gray Hairs brought 
with Sorrow to the Ground ; the Spirit of the aged Fa- 
ther revived, his Health returned, and his Strength was 
so far confirmed, that he . . . for near thirteen Years . . . 
carried on the Work of the Ministry . . . with as much or 



432 CLASS OF 1689. 

more Zeal and fervency of Spirit than ever." "Altho' 
the Spriteliness of his Temper, continued in a great 
Measure; yet he by bodily Infirmities had frequent 
Monitions of his approaching Dissolution . . . and there- 
fore when called to publick Services ... he would fre- 
quently express his Apprehensions of its being the last 
of that kind of Service he should ever perform." 

A fortnight before his death he gave the charge at the 
ordination of Jacob Cushing, H. U. 1748, "with the 
same Solemnity, & Fervour of Spirit with which he was 
wont to perform such Services, and with a Vigour that 
was uncommon for such Years." On the Lord's day 
before he died he preached all day with great earnestness. 
"Going to Bed as well as usual the Night after the 5th 
of December •" 1752, "and awaking some time after Mid- 
night with a great Pain in his Stomach," he "died in a 
few Minutes ... in the 8sd Year of his Age, and 54th 
of his Ministry." He lived to be the oldest surviving 
graduate. 

Appleton says that Hancock's "natural Capacities, his 
acquired Accomplishments, and his gracious Endow- 
ments; not only rendred him a pleasant and agreable 
Companion ; but gained him a general Esteem and Re- 
spect, and rendered him eminently, and extensively use- 
ful in a great variety of Ways, relating both to the 
temporal and the spiritual Interests of" his "People, 
and of both Ministers and People in Neighbouring 
Towns and Churches." 

Hudson, coinciding with Appleton, and following his 
train of thought, says: "He was early in the morning 
in his study, and early in the week at his preparations 
for the Sabbath. In this way he was always apparently 
at leisure, and ready to receive and entertain all those 
whom his social habits called to his house. By being 
systematic and studious, he was always master of his own 



JOHN HANCOCK. 433 

time; and by being always industrious, he was apparently 
always at leisure." 

Appleton says to the people of Lexington, in his 
funeral sermon: "He was eminently fitted for this Place, 
in its Infant State, and when you were few in Number" 
and "needed a Man of such Wisdom & Prudence to 
advise and assist you in your outward and civil, as well 
as spiritual Concerns. And I believe it will be allowed, 
that but few People have had so great Help, Benefit, 
and Comfort of a Minister, in all Respects as this Peo- 
ple have had in Mr. Hancock. . . . 

"Few Ministers who have been so much concerned in 
the various Affairs of their People, as he was in your's; 
and yet I never heard him taxed of being in the least 
Measure a faulty busy Body in other Mens Matters; 
for you your selves were so sensible of his Wisdom and 
Goodness, of his Capacity and Readiness to direct and 
advise you that, as I have understood, you seldom or 
never engaged in any important or difficult Affair, with- 
out consulting him upon it." 

He-had a happy talent to "prevent Quarrels and Dif- 
ferences ; ... to reconcile Differences when begun ; and 
to root out the Seeds of Discord when sown among 
Brethren and Neighbours ! 

"The facetious Temper, and Turn of Wit, which was 
natural to him, and which altho' some People of a dif- 
ferent Make, might think at some Times, abounded ; 
yet, this must be said, that he made a very good Use 
of it in general ; and that it served for many valuable 
Purposes. How did it serve to scatter the Clouds of 
Melancholy that hung upon People's Spirits, and stir 
up a pleasant Chearfulness in them ? How did he hereby 
soften Mens Tempers, and correct their ill Humours, 
and bring the Fretful, the Angry, and the Revengeful, 
into a calm, peacable and forgiving Frame?" 

VOL. III. 28 [August s S , 1884.] 



434 class of 1689. 

In the time of Hancock's ministry, when Lexington, 
then known as Cambridge Farms, was newly settled, the 
people often found it difficult to agree on the bounds of 
their respective estates. If a difficulty of this kind arose 
between two neighbors, Hancock would call on the 
parties and tell them to get their deeds and plans and 
follow him. When he came upon the debated ground, 
he would patiently hear all they had to say, examine the 
premises, and, having made up his mind who was right, 
he would tell them to cut some stakes. "Now drive 
that stake there and pile some stones around it, and 
another there." It was done. Then he would say, 
"There is your line; let there be no more quarrelling; 
go home and live in peace, and serve God." Such was 
his character and influence that the decision was regarded 
as final ; there was no appeal. 

It was customary in some of the early churches to 
have elders or assistants to pastors in some of their du- 
ties, and sometimes they officiated as teachers. "In the 
latter part of his ministry, while he was quite aged, but 
still hale and vigorous, and not a little disposed to use 
his authority, the two deacons, and perhaps others in 
the church, thought it was necessary to put some check 
upon the good old man. So, on a set time, it is said, 
the deacons went to his house to propose that they 
should have Ruling Elders in the church. It was thought 
to be a difficult matter to propose the business to so 
lofty a man, — so the ablest of the deacons undertook 
it — after the following fashion. 'We think, Sir,' said 
he, 'that, on account of your great age, you ought to 
have some assistance from the church, in your numer- 
ous assiduous labors.' 'Ah,' — says Mr. Hancock, 
who knew what was coming, — 'I know that I am old, 
and I suppose I am feeble too, — I thank the church 
for their kindness. But how do they propose to help 



JOHN HANCOCK. 435 

me?' 'Oh,' said the deacons, 'they thought they would 
appoint two Ruling Elders to divide the care of the 
church with you. But they did not wish to do so with- 
out your consent.' 'Well, I should like it,' said he — 
'perhaps they would choose you to the office.' The 
deacons concurred in that opinion — 'They coul'd not 
do better; you might be of great help to me. But 
what do you think to be the business of Ruling Elders?' 
saith he. 'Oh,' said the aspirants to the office, thinking 
the difficulty all over, — 'we will leave that to you, — 
you are a learned man, and have studied the history of 
the Church.' 'Yes,' said he, 'I have studied ecclesias- 
tical history a good deal, and paid particular attention 
to Church discipline and government, and I think I 
know what the Ruling Elders ought to do.' We leave 
it wholly to you to say what part of your labour they 
shall attend to,' remarked the deacons. 'Well, then/ 
said the Bishop, as he was called, 'I should like to have 
one of them come up to my house before meeting on 
Sunday, and get my horse out of the barn, and then 
saddle him and bring him up to the door and hold the 
stirrup while I get on. The other may wait at the 
church door and hold him while I get off; then, after 
meeting, he may bring him up to the steps. This is 
all of my work I ever can consent to let the Ruling 
Elders do for me.' The office has remained vacant to 
this day." 

Hancock could be facetious also. There was a wealthy 
farmer, one of his best friends, who often made him 
presents. The story goes that once he visited the family 
when the men were working at a distance in the meadow, 
and he saw only the wife and children. The wife got 
him a good luncheon, and set before him among other 
things a whole cheese, that he might cut it for himself. 
He put his knife on the cheese, first this way and then 



436 class of 1689. 

that, as if in doubt where to begin. "Where shall I 
cut this cheese, Mrs. Smith?" he asked. "Cut it where 
you have a mind to, Mr. Hancock," was the answer. 
"Then," said he, "I think I will cut it at home." 

These traditionary anecdotes, though they may not be 
true, probably have sufficient foundation to show Han- 
cock's peculiarities, and fitness to meet emergencies. 

But his wisdom "is perhaps in nothing more con- 
spicuous than in the manner in which he met and con- 
trolled the great movement of his day, which was denomi- 
nated new-light-ism. Nothing had occurred to awaken the 
church or to call forth its energies for a long period, and 
most of the clergy had fallen into a state of stupor. This 
condition of things excited the attention and aroused the 
energies of such men as Whitefield, and their new-light, 
as it was called, spread rapidly on both sides the Atlantic. 
Many of our churches were excited, distracted, and rent 
asunder. Many of our clergymen, waking up from their 
slumbers and seeing a little more interest manifested in 
matters of religion, fancied that the Gospel was about to 
be lost in the blind frenzy of the age; and they declared 
a war of extermination against this new movement. Oth- 
ers caught the fire, and without stopping to inquire 
whether it were a true or a false zeal, plunged into the 
whirlpool and suffered themselves to be carried in every 
direction by its blind eddies. The church at Concord 
was severed in twain, that of Medford was greatly agi- 
tated ; and others were more or legs disturbed by this 
new order of things. Councils were called, books were 
written, and all the artillery of the church militant was 
put in requisition to oppose the spread of what some 
deemed a dangerous heresy. 

" But in the midst of this commotion Hancock moved 
steadily forward, being aware that the religious as well 
as the natural world would have its seasons of refreshing 



JOHN HANCOCK. 437' 

as well as of drought ; and that what was looked upon as 
the work of the enemy was but the natural result of the 
apathy into which the churches had fallen. Instead, 
therefore, of opposing this spirit of awakening in his 
society, he availed himself of it, gave, it the right direc- 
tion, and added many to his church. He was fully 
aware that these seasons of peculiar religious interest 
would come, and had, as early as 1728, added nearly 
eighty to his church in a single year. So, in 1741, and 
1742, in the midst of this new-light movement, he made 
about the same accession to his church, and that with- 
out any foreign aid, or unnatural effort. While some 
of the neighboring clergy were attempting to smother 
this religious feeling, and thereby stifle the sincere aspi- 
rations of pious souls, and others were fanning the flame, 
and thereby converting it into a wild and dangerous con- 
flagration, Hancock, with truly enlightened zeal, was 
guiding this spirit of inquiry and feeling of devotion, 
and thereby aiding the cause of true religion." 

But Hancock's labors were not confined to the town 
where he lived. His advice and assistance were highly 
valued and extensively sought, "so that the Care of the 
Neighbouring Churches in a Manner came upon him." For 
nearly thirty years he was the senior minister in his 
section of the country. He presided in most of the 
Ordination Councils for a great number of years, and 
gave the solemn charge to twenty-one ministers, at a 
time when parishes were comparatively few, and the pas- 
toral connection was seldom terminated except by death. 
"Bishop" Hancock was the title which his age, influ- 
ence, and authority gave to him in his lifetime, and by 
which he has been commonly known since. During his 
ministry 477 persons were admitted to the church, of 
whom 445 were by profession; 180 owned the covenant; 
and 1,637 were baptized. After he had baptized 1,151, 



43§ CLASS OF 1689. 

he recorded: "Submit Loring I baptised after Meeting 
at Mr. Loring' s house, and this was y e first I ever bap- 
tised in Private. She was very sick." 

Hancock married Elizabeth, daughter of the Reverend 
Thomas Clark, of Chelmsford, H. U. 1670. Children: 
1. John, born 1 June, 1702, H. U. 1719, ordained at 
Braintree, 2 November, 1726, died 7 May, 1746, hav- 
ing had John, H. U. 1754, Governor of Massachusetts, 
President of the Continental Congress, and the first 
signer of the Declaration of Independence. 2. Thomas, 
13 July, 1703, died 1 August, 1764, a prosperous mer- 
chant in Boston, who bequeathed to Harvard College one 
thousand pounds sterling for the foundation of the Pro- 
fessorship of the Oriental Languages, especially the He- 
brew, and from whose property more than five hundred 
pounds were given to the Library by his nephew, John 
Hancock, H. U. 1754, who became his heir. 3. Eliza- 
beth, 5 February, 1704-5, married the Reverend Jona- 
than Bowman, of Dorchester, H. U. 1724. 4. Ebenezer, 
7 December, 1710, H. U. 1728, colleague with his father. 
5. Lucy, 20 April, 17 13, married the Reverend Nicholas 
Bowes, of Bedford, H. U. 1725, and after her husband's 
death the Reverend Samuel Cooke, of Arlington, H. U. 
1735, and died 21 September, 1768. Her daughter Lucy 
married the Reverend Jonas Clark, H. U. 1752, who 
succeeded Bishop Hancock at Lexington, and had twelve 
children, of whom Mary married Professor Henry Ware, 
H. U. 1785; Lucy married the Reverend Thaddeus 
Fiske, of Arlington, H. U. 1785; and Martha married 
the Reverend William Harris, of Salem. 

WORKS. 

I. Rulers should be Benefactors. | | As it was Consid- 

er'd I in a I Sermon | Preach'd before His Excellency | Samuel 
Shute Esq ; | His Majesty's Council, | and the Representatives 
of I the Province of the Massachu- | setts-Bay in New-England, | 
May 30th. 1722. I Being the Day for Election of | Counsellors. |j 



JOHN HANCOCK. 439 

Boston in N. E. Printed by B. Green, Printer to His Ex- 
cellency the Governor & Council. 1722. sm. 8vo or i2mo. 
pp. 30.' H, M, P, W. 

2. A Sermon | Preached at the Ordination | of | Mr. John 
Hancock, A. M. | In the North Precinct of | Brantree ; | No- 
vem. 2. 1726. I By his Father | The Rev. Mr. John Hancock | 
Pastor of the Church of Christ | in Lexington. || Boston : Printed 
for Thomas Hancock in Ann-Street near the Draw-Bridge. 1726. 
8vo. pp. 36. H, M, P, IF. 

3. The I Prophet Jeremiah's | Resolution | To get him unto 
Great Men, and | to speak unto them, | Considered and Ap- 
plied : I in I A Sermon | Delivered at the publick Lecture in | Bos- 
ton, ] Novemb. 2r. 1734. | Before His Excellency, the Governour, | 
and the General Court. | . . . N. B. Partly for brevity sake, and 
partly thro' the infirmity | of an old man's memory, some things 
were omitted | in the delivery of this Sermon, which are now 
added | in the Publication, tho' they are but few. || Boston. 1734. 
8vo. pp. 26. M, P, IK 

4. The Lord's Ministers are the People's Helpers. | A | Ser- 
mon I Preached at the Ordination [ of the Reverend | Mr. Eben- 
ezer Hancock, | at Lexington, | January 2 d 1733, 4. . . . || Boston. 
1735. 8vo. pp. 21. M, P. 

5. The gaining of Souls, the most joyful Gain ] to faithful 

Ministers. | | A | Sermon | Preached the 16th of November 

1748. I At the I Instalment | of the | Rev. Mr. Timothy Har- 
rington I to the I Pastoral Care | Of the Church of Christ in 
Lancaster. || Boston, N. E. Printed by Rogers and Fowle in 
Queen-Street. 1748. 8vo. pp. 22. i7, M, IV. 

The Library of Harvard College contains his manuscript com- 
monplace-book, 4to, 240 leaves. 

Authorities. — N. Appleton,T\vo x. 170. New England Historical 

Discourses after his Funeral. C. J. and Genealogical Register, ix. 352, 

F. Binney, History and Genealogy of 353. L. R. Paige, History of Cam- 

the Prentice or Prentiss Family, 12, bridge, 572. J. Savage, Genealogical 

262. C. Crooks, History of the Dictionary, ii- 349; hi 478. S. 

Town of Medford. C. Butler, His- Sewall, in American Quarterly Regis- 

tory of Groton, 163. S. A. Green, ter, xi. 251, 267. C. Stetson, Two 

Early Records of Groton, 103, 104. Discourses, 16. W. B. Sprague, An- 

C. Hudson, History of the Town of nals of the American Pulpit, i. 238. 

Lexington, 53, 319-328. Massachu- A. Williams, Century Discourse at 

setts Historical Society, Collections, Lexington, 11. 



44-0 CLASS OF 1689. 

THOMAS SWAN. 

Born 1669, died 1710, aged 41. 

Thomas Swan, M. A., physician, born at Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, 15 September, 1669, was son of Thomas 
Swan, whose wife was Mary, daughter of Thomas Lamb. 
For six months in the year 1689-90, he taught the Gram- 
mar School at Hadley, Massachusetts. November 2, 
1702, he was sworn into office as Register of Probate for 
the County of Middlesex. He did not probably hold 
the office, or at least perform the duties, more than two 
years; as, for several months before 12 November, 1705, 
when the name of Nicholas Fessenden first appears as 
Register, there is no name of any Register signed to the 
Probate Records, but merely that of the Judge. He died 
at the Castle in Boston Harbor, 19 October, 17 10. 

Wyman and Brooks say, September 27, 1692, he mar- 
ried Prudence Wade, of Medford, and had a son Thomas, 
baptized in Cambridge, 6 May, 1705. 

A petition for relief in behalf of the widow, Prudence, 
was presented to the Legislature, stating that "Whereas 
Mr. Thomas Swan, lately deceased did practise Physick 
& Chyrurgerye at . . . Castle William, upwards of Seven 
Yeares last past, for which Service he was allowed Twelve 
pence pr week for every Twenty Soldiers, Garrison'd there, 
towards y e Supplying himselfe with Medicines, for that 
Service, but by reason of Sickness & other Casualties 
happening in s d Service, y e said allowance fell short . . . 
notwithstanding Mr. Swan did from year to year make 
several unguents, Oils & Syrrups which were not Charged 
... by which means he was forced to Expend a part of 
his salary, . . . besides his Extraordinary Care in Attend- 
ing y e Sick at all times, &c, by all which means he has 



THOMAS SWAN. 



441 



left his family very necessitous." The Legislature, 10 
November, 17 10, consequently voted to her twenty 
pounds, "in consideration of his extraordinary Charge 
& Pains in the Service." 



Authorities. — C. J. F. Binney, 
Prentice Family, 166. C. Brooks, 
History of the Town of Medford, 560. 
J. Farmer, Manuscript N. Gilman, 
Interleaved Triennial Catalogue. S. 
Judd and L. M. Boltwood, History 
of Hadley, 66. Massachusetts Man- 



uscript Papers, lxxi. 746. Middle- 
sex Probate Records. L. R. Paige, 
History of Cambridge, 668. Roxbury 
Records. W. Winthrop, Interleaved 
Triennial Catalogue. T. B. Wyman, 
Genealogies and Estates of Charles- 
town, 918, 984. 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 

VOLUMES I., II., AND III. 



REV. SAMUEL HOOKER, H. U. 1653, Vol. I. pp. 348-352. 
Since the notices on page 351 were printed, I have received the 
following title to the Election Sermon printed in 1677 : " Right- 
eousness Rained from Heaven | or | A Serious and seasonable Dis- 
course Exciting all | to an earnest enquiry after, and continued 
waiting for | the effusions of the Spirit, unto a communication and | 
increase of Righteousness : That Faith, Holiness and | Obedience 
may yet abound among us, and the Wil- | derness become a fruit- 
ful field, I As it was Delivered in a | Sermon | Preached at Har- | 
ford on Connecticut in | New-England, | May 10. 1677. Beino- 
the Day of Election there. || Cambridge : Printed by Samuel 
Green. 1677. Christian Reader, pp. i-ii, signed John Whiting; 
and pp. 1-28." — J. A. Lewis, Letter, 1881, May 1 ; and photo- 
graph of the title from W. Eames. 

SAMUEL BRADSTREET, H. U. 1653-1654, Vol. I. pp. 
360, 361. 

Page 361, line 14 from bottom, after "children" insert "Samuel, 
physician in Jamaica, died before 1692, the date of his grandfather's 
codicil; and the others died young." — W. Phillips, Letter, 1880, 
September 7. 

Page 361, line 12 from bottom, for "1670" read " 1669." 

REV. INCREASE MATHER, H. U. 1656, Vol. I. page 468. 
Insert "Several Reasons | Proving that Inoculating or Transplant- 
ing the Small Pox, is a | Lawful Practice, and that it has been 
Blessed by GOD for the Saving of many a Life. | By Increase 
Mather, D. D. Novemb. 20. 1 72 1. Boston : Printed by S. Kneelcuid 
for J. Edwards at his Shop in King-Street. 1 721. Broadside." 



444 ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 

REV. JOHN COTTON, H. U. 1657, Vol. I. pp. 496-508. 

Page 496, before line 8 from bottom, insert " Hartford 1659 
April 11 th , 'The town by their vote did grant a rate of thirty- 
pounds to be paid to Mr. Cotton for his labours amongst us, and 
his charges in coming up to us, the half of it to be paid presently 
and the other half to be paid at the end of the year. Capt. Lord 
and Mr. John Allen to make Mr. Collins rate.' " — G. L. Walker, 
Letter, 1883, March 17. 

Page 506, line 4 from top, for "born at Guilford" read "born 
at Guilford (?)." 



RECOMPENSE OSBORN, H. U. 1661, Vol. II. pp. 88-89. 
Page 88, line 7 from top, after " afternoone," add "and Bap- 
tized at d[orchester] as a member of the church of Salem [ 
Father & mother were members : as ap[pears] by a Certificate vnder 
m r Endecot Governour as also M r downinge [ ] occasio was 

this William [Osburne?] being [on his way] from Salem to Brain- 
tre to be the Clerke of the Iron worke did [some ?] small tym so- 
iorne w th his Brother Collecot ? in Dorchester in w ch tyme the 
child was borne and so Baptized 16 of 4 mo: 44." — W. B. Trask, 
Letter, 1881, July 5. 

ALEXANDER NOWELL, H. U. 1664, Vol. II. pp. 148, 149. 
Page 149, line 3 from top, add " 13, 5™- M r Alexander Nowell 
(aged 27) one of y e fellows of y c Coledge, after long sickness and 
furious distraction and madnesse, died." — Report of the [Boston] 
Record Commissioners containing the Roxbury Land and Church 
Records (1881), p. 210. 

REV. JOSIAH FLYNT, H. U. 1684, Vol. II. pp. 150-153. 
Page 153, line 20 from top, for "1866" read "1666." 

REV. JOHN WOODBRIDGE, H. U. 1664, Vol. II. pp. 

155-158. 
Page 157, line 13 from top, for "proce(?)" read " produce (?)." 

ADAM WINTHROP, H. U. 1668, Vol. II. pp. 247-249. 
Page 247, line 12 from bottom, alter so as to read, " Harris, the 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 445 

second wife and widow of Glover, becoming the first wite of Presi- 
dent Henry Dunster." — L. R. Paige. 

ISAAC FOSTER, H. U. 1671, Vol. II. pp. 336-341. 

Pao-e 336, line 13 from bottom, before " one " insert " William." 
Page 337, dele lines 4-8 from top. — Report of the [Boston] 

Record Commissioners containing the Roxbury Land and Church 

Records (1881), pp. 209-211, 212. 

REV. WILLIAM ADAMS, H. U. 1671, Vol. II. pp. 380-387. 
Page 380, line 5 from top, for " whose wife's name was Starr," 
read " whose wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Simon Stacy, of 
Ipswich." 

GEORGE ALCOCK, H. U. 1673, Vol. II. pp. 420-422. 
Page 420, line 14 from bottom, before "Georgius " insert "est." 

REV. JOHN WISE, H. U. 1673, Vol. II. pp. 428-441. 

Page 440, insert "A Word of Comfort to a Melancholy Coun- 
try. Or the Bank of Credit . . . fairly defended by a Discovery 
of the Great Benefit, accruing by it to the whole Province, etc.^ 
by Amicus Patriae [Rev. John Wise]. pp. (4), 68. i6mo. 
Boston [J. Franklin]. 1721." 

"' Humbly Dedicated to the Merchants in Boston.' A well- 
managed and witty plea for paper money and ' inflation.' " It is, 
for general readers, the most interesting of all the tracts published 
in the Bank of Credit controversy, while its frequent references 
to trades, manufactures, industries, and home-life in Boston and in 
the country towns, give it, to the historian and antiquarian, an ex- 
ceptional value. 

For the evidence on which I have attributed the work to Mr. 
Wise, the witty author of " The Churches Quarrel Espoused " and 
"A Vindication of the Government of N. E. Churches," see J. H. 
Trumbull's edition of Brinley's Catalogue of American History, 
I. 191, Nos. 1443 and 1445. 

THOMAS BRATTLE, H. U. 1676, Vol. II. pp. 489-498. 

Page 496, line 6 of note, after "Church" insert "in New- 
buryport." 



446 ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 

REV. BENJAMIN WOODBRIDGE, H. U. 1642, Vol. II. 
Page 527, line 4 from top, for " 1628 " read " 1638." 

INDEX, Vol. II. page 542, under " Eliot, Anne," for "50" read 
"511." Under "Eliot, Jared," for "358" read "258." 



REV. COTTON MATHER, H. U. 1678, Vol. III. pp. 6- 
158. 

Page 83, No. 129. The full title is "Agreeable Admonitions 

for Old & Young. | | or, | Aged Piety | Honoured, | and, | 

Earlv Piety | Ouickened. | In a Brief Discourse, | Delivered, 
April 25, 1703. j| Boston, Printed by T. Green, Sold by Benjamin 
Eliot. 1703." pp. 42-48 ; pp. 43-48 being the Poem "Con- 
version Exemplified." Anonymous. M. 

Page 87, line 27, No. 145. The full title is "Faithful Warn- 
ings to prevent Fearful Judgments | Uttered in a brief | Discourse, | 
by a Tragical Spectacle, | in a Number of | Miserables | Under a 

Sentence of Death for Piracy. | | At Boston in N. E. Jan. 22, 

1704. j| Boston, Printed & Sold by Timothy Green at the north 
end of the Town. 1704." 8vo. pp.48; pp. 43-48 being "Con- 
version Exemplified." 

The " Conversion Exemplified" has a separate title, and was 
printed separately. In the library of the American Antiquarian 
Society at Worcester, Massachusetts, is a printed copy sewed in 
a Diary of Cotton Mather for 1703. I think this may be the 
only one extant. On the page following the printed matter 
Cotton Mather has written, " 8° 3'" Saturday. On this day de- 
signing an instrument, for to take the hearts of o r Young People & 
make them to become the Lords, I composed a Poem expressive of 
a Consent unto y c several Articles in y c Glorious Covenant of 
Grace. This I add unto a little Book, which I now have in the 
Press. But I this Day spread it before the Lord as my own act 
and deed. Inexpressible satisfaction filled my Soul in my doing 
so. I have here annexed it, with my hand signing it." 

Page 158, insert, "Dedication, pp. 1, 2, to an late edition of 
[Henry Scougal's] Vital Christianity, published in 1730." 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 447 

EDWARD MILLS, H. U. 1685, Vol. III. pp. 337, 338. 

Page 338. After this sketch was put in type the following 
paper, in a volume marked "Letters and Papers Boston 1631 — 
1783," was found in the Library of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, Cabinet 61, H, page 63. 

"To the Hono b '- e ins M\j T, : FS Justices of ihe General Sessions 
now Sitting at Boston for the County of Suffolk. 

lc The Peticon of Edward Mills Humbly Sheweth. 

" That Whereas the Great Sz genrall Court or Assembly held 
at Boston aforesaid, did on Wednesday Nov r 8. 17 10 in Council 
vote in Concurrence w th the Representatives viz! In Consideracon 
that Yo; Petitioner had for many years kept a Considerable Gramar 
School. Ordered that he be exempted from Publick Taxes in 
Manner as Gramar Schoolmasters are by Law. the benefit of 
w? Act, he has enjoyed ever since untill these two last years, in 
w c . !l he has been taxed & deprived of said exemption, notwithstand- 
ing he continues to teach Grammar w th Writeing & Arithmetick as 
heretofore. And alltho: it is objected that Yo r Peti[ is now in 
Quality of an English Master, Yet as that does not deprive him of 
his Gramar Capacity w ch he is in the daily practice of in his School, 
so he hopes that Y r Hon" (who are good Judges) will allow that 
the Knowledge of Gramar is very requisite if not absolutely neces- 
sary to compleat an English Mast!" as well for Instruction to spell, 
from the Latin & Greek derivations as to write good English w ch 
few can doe, who arc ignorant of Syntax. 

" Moreover Y'. Pcti. r School has an hundred Schollars Sz some 
times more yet his Salary is but equal to those who have not half 
the number. 

" All w c : h Considered he doubts not but Yr Hon? (from whom he 
prays relief) will relieve him & remove the discouragement he is 
under in his hard labour & dilligence & that he may Continue to 
enjoy the benefit of the above s? Act, & 

"Y r Pet' shall ever pray &c a . 

" Edward Mills. 

" Boston the 7 July 1727." 



INDEX. 



The names of graduates embraced in this volume are printed in small capitals, followed by the year 
of graduation and the pages containing the Biographical Sketches ; after which are references to any 
incidental allusions to them. The names of ordained clergymen are printed in italics. Abbreviations 
for the libraries in which some of the books whose titles are mentioned are deposited, maybe found on 
page 42. 



A. 

Adams, Eliphalet, 1694, tribute of, to Sal- 

tonstall, 282. 
Adams, Hugh, 1697, iq2. 
Allen, or Allyne, James, of Boston, 8, 231. 
Allen, James, 1689, 405. 
A lung, James, 1679, 173. 
Ailing, James, of Salisbury, 264. 
Allyn, or Allen, Thomas, of Windsor, 

259. 
Andrews, Jedidiah, in. 
Andrews, Samuel, of Milford, 1675, 3. 
Andros, Sir Edmund, Cotton Mather 

and, 9. 
Angier, Samuel, of Rehoboth and Wal- 

tham, 1673, 328, 329. 
Antinomianism, III. 
Appleton, John and Sarah, 359. 
Appleton, Nathaniel, D. D., 1712, sustains 

Leverett, 189. Epitaph by, 331. 
Archer, John Rose, a pirate, 143. 
Artillery Company, 44. 
Ashley, Jonathan, of Deerfield, 265. 
Ashurst, Sir William, 392. 
Atwater, Mehitabel, wife of Rolfe, 314. 



Bacon, Leonard, quoted, 225. 

Baptist Church, oldest in Massachusetts, 

387. 
Barnard, Francis, 174 
Barnard, John, 1700, on Brattle, 203. 

At Yarmouth, 214. On Henry Gibbs, 

330. Opposed to the ordination of 

Checkley, 393. 
Barnard, Samuel, of Salem, 265. 



Barnard, Thomas, 1679 

170. 
Bartlett, John, 160. 
Bass, J. L., on Oakes, 172. 
Batter, Marv, of Salem, 420 
Baxter, Richard, 1 5. 
Bay ley, James, 1669, 319. 



74- 



7. 129, 



Bavlies, Francis, cited respecting Samuel 

Danforth, 244 
Beauchamp, John, 191. 
Belcher, Joseph, of Dedham, 1690, 141. 
Bellomont, Earl of, 164, 289. 
Berry, Margaret, 196, 334. 
Berry, Thomas, 1685, 334-335, 196. 
Bishop, John, 342. 
Bishop, Thomas, 235. 
Boon Island, shipwreck on, 106. 
Boradale. Margaret, 383. 
Bourne, E. E., on Green, 208. 
Bourne, Shear jashirf>, 1720, 326. 
Bowes, Nicholas, of Bedford, 1725, Lucy 

and, 438. 
Bowles, John and Elizabeth, 345. 
Bowman, Francis and Mary, 424. 
Bowman, Jonathan, 1724, of Dorchester, 

Elizabeth and, 433. 
Boylston, Zabdiel, 29. Inoculation by, 

347- 

Bradbury, Thomas, 131. 

Bradstreet, Simon and Anne, 198. 

Bragge, Edward and Mary, 424. 

Brattle, Thomas, aids Calef, 18. 

Brattle, William, 16S0, 200-207. 
Aids Calef, 18. Resident Fellow, 181. 
Visit of, to New York, 182. His ordi- 
nation, 200. Heroism of, during the 
small-pox, 201. College Treasurer, 
202. Snow-storm at his funeral, 204. 
His bequests, 205. His family, 206. 

Brattle Street Church controversy, 202. 

Breck, Robert, of Springfield, 384. 

Brewer, Daniel, of Springfield, 16S7, 

383-385- 
Bridge, Christopher, 290. 
Bridge, Thomas, 17 12, 120. 
Bridgham, Joseph and Mercy, 2S6. 
Brinsmead, William, of Marlboro', 418. 
Brock, John, 1646, 352. 
Bromfield, Edward, 62, 77, 92. 
Brooks, Edward, 1757, 326. 
Brown, Abigail and Samuel, 149. 
Brown, Hannah, Mary, and William, 356. 



VOL. III. 



2Q [March i5, 18S5.] 



45° 



INDEX. 



Brown, John, 17 14, 326. 

Brown, Richard, 1697, 314, 352. 

Bull, Abigail, 177. 

Burning Island, 137. 

Burr, Isaac, 341. 

Burr, John and Sarah, 365. 

Burroughs, George, 1670, 11,42. 

Burt, John, of Bristol, 1706, cited, 422. 

Buss, John, of Wells, Maine, 208. 

Butcher, Elizabeth, 128. 

Butler, William, 334. 

Byley, Henry and Rebeckah, 362. 



Cabot, Marston, of Thompson, 1724, 399, 
428. 

Calef, Robert, on the executions for 
witchcraft, 11. Margaret Rule and, 
12. Mathers and, 16, 17, 36. More 
Wonders by, 16, 17, 76. Aided by 
the Brattles, 17. Cited. 65. On Mer- 
curius and Orpheus, 148. 

Callender, Elisha, 17 10, 33, 127. 

Cambridge, visit to, in 1680, 177. 

Captives, visits to, 92. 

Cavendish, Frances, 230. 

Chamberlayne, Mr., 392. 

Chandler, Thomas and Elizabeth, 341. 

Chauncy, Charles, 1686, 364-366. 
Chaplain, 365. Death of, 365. Fam- 
ily of, 365. Bequest of, 366. 

Chauncy, Charles, 1721, on the writings 
of Stoddard and Williams, 264. 

Chauncy, Nathaniel, 1661, preaches Wil- 
liams's funeral sermon, 259. 

Checkley, John, 393. 

Checkley, Samuel, 1715, 314. 

Cheever, Ezekiel, 6, 98, 181. 

Chester, Eunice and Sarah, 265. 

Chester, Mary, 341. 

Chester, John and Sarah, 388. 

Children, Good Lessons for, 93. 

Clap, Thomas, on Davenport, 372. 

Clapboardtrees, 398. 

Clark, Elizabeth, wife of Cotton Mather, 



41. 
Clark, John and Abigail, 149. 
Clark, John, of Boston, 1687, 375-378. 

Ancestry of, 375. His family, 376. 

Death of, 377. Inscription on his 

monument, 378. 
Clark, John, 1690, 307, 363. 
Clark, Jonas, at Brattle's ordination, 200. 
Clark, Jonas, of Lexington, 1752, Lucy 

and, 438. 
Clark, Thomas, of Chelmsford, 1660,438. 
Clarke, William and Mary, 284. 
Cocke, Samuel, on John Davenport, 371. 
Cogswell, Francis, 1717, 275. 
Cole, Samuel, a pirate, 153. 
College arms, 390. 
Collins, Edward and Sybil, 238. 



Collins, Nathaniel, of Middletown, 1660, 

43. 219- 

Collins, Nathaniel, 1697, 220. 

Colman, Benjamin, 1692, D.D., 16, 22, 
121, 196. Invited to Brattle Street 
Church, 182. Sustains Leverett, 189. 
Cited respecting him, 194. Compares 
Leverett and Brattle, 200, 204. Cited 
on Brattle, 202 ; on Williams, 264 ; on 
Walter, 297. Preface to Sermon by 
Gibbs, 333. 

Colton, Thomas, Captain, 384. 

Comets, 267. 

Cooke, Joseph and Alice, 336, 3S8. 

Cooke, Samuel, 1735, Lucy and, 438. 

Cooper, Edward and Elizabeth, 41, 452. 

Corlet, Elijah, 7, 295 

Cotton, John, of Boston, 2, 6, 7, 300, 323. 

Cotton, John, of Plymouth, 1657, 212. 

Cotton, John, of Yarmouth, 1681, 212- 
217. Opposes Cranfield at Exeter, 
213. His grave, 215. 

Cotton, John, of Hampton, 1678, 1-5. 
Oakes's commendation of, 2. Family 
of, 4. 

Cotton, John, 1710, 326, 341. 

Cotton, Josiah, 1698, on John Cotton, 215. 

Cotton, Borland, of Sandwich, 1685, 
324-326. Wife of, 272. Commis- 
sioner with Rawson, 324. Salary of, 
324, 325. His last days, 325. His 
family, 326. 

Cotton, Seaborn, 1 65 1, 2, 3, 264. 

Cotton, Ward, 1729, 326. 

Cranfield, Edward, 3. 

Creese, Ann, 292, 293. 

Crisp, Richard and Sarah, 196. 

Crocker, Josiah, of Taunton, 1738, 42. 

Crocker, Samuel Leonard, 42. 

Crow, John, 399. 

dishing, Caleb, of Salisbury, 1692, 174, 
264. 

dishing, Jacob, 1748, 432. 

Cushing, Thomas and Mercy, 286. 

Cutler, Timothy, 1 701, endeavors to in- 
troduce Episcopacy at Yale College, 
280. Claims to be an Overseer of 
Harvard College, 290. 



D. 

Dalton, Michael, his " Justice," 10. 
Dane, Francis, at Andover, 175. 
Danforth, Job, 246. 
Danforth, John, Elegy of, on Belcher, 

141. 
Danforth, Jonathan, 1679, 171. 
Danforth, Samuel, of Taunton, 16S3, 

243-249. Grindall Rawson and, 244. 

Epitaphs on, 246. 
Danforth, Walter Raleigh, 246. 
Dansy, Ann, 289. Married to Samuel 

Myles, 292. Her will, 293. 



INDEX. 



45 



Dartmouth College, 373. 
Dasset, Joseph, of Boston, 16S7, 389. 
Davenport, Abraham and Elizabeth, 373. 
Davenport, Addington, 1689, 412- 

4i5- 

Davenport, James, Whitefield and, 373. 

Davenport, John, 61. 

Davenport, John, of Stamford, 16S7, 
369-374. Salary of, 37 1 . Trustee of 
Yale College, 372. 

Davenport, Richard and Truecross, 338. 

Davenport, Richard, 412. 

Davids, James, 224. 

Davie, Sir John, of Groton and 
Creedy, 1681, 231-236. Baronet, 
235. His family, 235. 

Davis, John and Sarah, 216, 420. 

Deane, Charles, LL.D., 158. 

Deerfield, exposed condition of, 250. 
Attacked and burnt, 251. 

Denison, Daniel, Elizabeth, and John, 
196. 

Den ison, John, of Essex, 1 684, 27 1 - 27 2. 

Denison, John, widow of, marries Row- 
land Cotton, 326. 

Denison, William, of Roxbury, 1681, 
239-240. 

Dexter, Franklin Bowditch, 219. 

Dixwell, John, the regicide, 224. 

Dorr, Joseph, of Mendon, 1711, 161, 167. 

Dudley, Edward, 349. 

Dudley, Joseph, 1665, letters to, by the 
Mathers, 19, 36. Quincy's remarks 
on, 19. Non-communicant with Epis- 
copalians, 290. 

Dudley, Paul, 1690, 6. Chorister, 1S6. 

Dudley, Thomas, 1685, 316, 318. 

Dudley, William, 1704,347. 

Dummer, Jeremiah, 1699, 207, 392. 

Dwight, Benjamin Woodbridge, 398. 

Dwight, Josiah, of Woodstock, 1687, 
395-400. 



Earthquakes, 154, 156. 

Eaton, Cyrus, Annals of Warren by, 192. 

Edwards, Jonathan, 224, 230. On Wil- 
liam Williams, 263. 

Edwards, Timothy, 373. 

Eliot, John, Apostle to the Indians, 54. 
Nehemiah Walter and, 296. 

Eliot, John, of Guilford and Windsor, 
1685,339-341. 

Eliot, John, of Newton, 1656, 339. Ex- 
empted from taxes, 339 

Eliot, John, D. D , 1772, on electing 
Mather as President of Harvard Col- 
lege, 22. 

Eliot, Joseph, 1658, 339. 

Eliot, Joseph, 1681, 240, 241. 

Eliot, Samuel Atkins, 1S17, on Leverett, 
195. 

Ellison, Mrs., burnt at Portsmouth, 379. 



Emerson, John, of Newcastle and Ports- 
mouth, 1689,418-421. Salary of, 419. 
Family of, 420. 

Emerson, Joseph, 1675, ^i. 

Emery, S. H., minister of Taunton, 243. 

Endicott, John and Elizabeth, 405. 

Episcopacy, 142. 

Epitaph on James Oliver, 200 ; on Sam- 
uel Russell, 237; on Joseph Webb, 
305 ; on Edward Tompson, 308 ; on 
Benjamin Rolfe, 314; on Daniel 
Rogers, 359. 

Estabrook, Benjamin, of Lexington, 431. 

Estabrook, Joseph, 1664, 336, 431. 

Eveleth, John, of Stow, 1689, 424-428. 
Salary of, 425, 426, 427. At Arundel, 
426. Grave of, 428. 

Eveleth, Joseph and Mary, 424. 

Eveleth, Mary, 428. 



Fenwick, Jeremiah, execution of, 127. 
Eessenden, Benjamin, of Sandwich, 1718, 

326. 
Feveryeare, Grafton, 145. 
Fillmore, Millard, 143. 
Fiske, Thaddens, D. D., of Arlington, 

1785, Lucy and, 438. 
Fitch, Jabez, of Portsmouth, 1694, 382. 
Fitch, Thomas and Sarah, 365. 
Fly, William, pirate, 153. 
Flynt, Henry, 1693, 342. Newman's 

letter to, 391. Harvard books pro- 
cured for, and sent to, 392. 
Foote, Henry Wilder, 1858, cited on 

Samuel Myles, 2S8. 
Fordham, Jonah, 362. 
Foster, John and Abigail, 107. 
Foxcroft, Thomas, 1714, cited respecting 

John Williams, 257. 
Francis, Convers, 1815, cites Gibbs on 

witchcraft, 330. 
Franklin, Benjamin, LL. D., 29. 
Freeman, Alice, 2S6. 
Frizel, John and Dorothy, 140, 141. 

G. 

Gardiner, John, of Gardiner's Island, 

Gardner, Andrew, of Lancaster, 1696, 

336- 

Gardner, John, of Stow, 1715, 426. 
Gardner, Joshua, of Haverhill, 1707, 314. 
Gaylord, William, and Elizabeth, 373. 
Gee, Joshua, 171 7, on Mather, 32. Sarah 

and, 382. 
Gibbs, Henry, of Watertown, 1685, 

327-334. His manuscript sermons, 

330. Epitaph on, 331. His bequests, 

331. His wives and children, 332. 
Gilman, John, Colonel, 364. 



45' 



Glover, Ellen, 217. 

Glover, Pelatiah, 384. 

Goddard, Robert and Dorothy, 399. 

Goff, Lydia, 177. 

Goffe, Edmund and Hannah, 3S3. 

Goodsell, Thomas, and Martha, 372. 

Goodwin, Mrs. Abiel, 156, 157. 

Goodyear, Mary, 4 

Gooki'n, Nathaniel, 1703, 4, 5. 

Green, Esther and Nathaniel, 409. 

Green, John and Ruth, 20S. 

Green, Percivai., 1680, 20S-209. 

Green, Samuel Abbott, M. D., 1851, 114. 

Greenleaf, Daniel, 1699, -'5- 

Greenleaf, Stephen and Ann, 420. 

Greenough, William and Mercy, 332. 

Greenville, Henry, a pirate, 153. 

Greenwood, Francis William Pitt, D. D., 

1814, on Samuel Myles, 2S8, 291. 
Greenwood, Isaac, 1685, 343. 
Greenwood, Sarah, 377. 
Grindall, Edmund, Archbishop, 159. 
Gunnison, Elihu and Dorothy, of Kittery, 

420. 

H. 

Hale, John, 1657, and Rebeckah, 362. 

Hale, Robert, 16S6, 362-363, 45. 

Hale, Robert, 1721, 364. 

Hamlin, Giles and Marv, 220. 

Ilallet, William and Sarah, 362. 

Hancock, Ebenezer, of Stoughton, 172S, 
43 1. 438- 

Hancock, John, of Lexington, 16S9, 
429-439. Death of his son, 431. 
Death of, 432. Conduct about the 
New Lights, 436. Bishop, 438. His 
family and descendants, 438. 

Hancock, Thomas, 43S. 

Hanno, Joseph, execution of, 136. 

Harriman, John, 1667, teacher at New 
Haven, 370. 

Harris, assistant to Samuel Myles, 2S9, 
292. 

Harris, Edward Doubleday, 200 

Harris, William, 196. 

Harris, William, of Salem, Martha and, 
433- 

Harvard College, Mather's desire to be 
President of, 18. Choice of Leverett, 
death and burial of, 18, 21. Mather 
on the condition of, 21, 22. Election 
of Joseph Sewall and Benjamin Col- 
man, 22, 99, 183. Visit to, in 16S0, 
77. Charter of, not nulled, 185. Lev- 
erett's inauguration, 186. Dinner at 
the inauguration, 1S7. Madam Sal- 
tonstall's gifts and bequests to, 284. 
Gibbs's bequest to, 331. Bequests to, 
by the Hancocks, 238. 

Hastings, John, physician of Barba- 
does, 16S1, 216. 

Hatch, Estes and Mary, 314. 



Hatch, Joshua and Sarah, 341. 
Hayman, Elizabeth, 206. 
Haynes, John, 1689, 415-416. 
Hazeltine, Abner, of Sutton, 167. 
Heyward, Anna, saves Rolfe's children, 

3 [ 3- 
Higginson, John, 201. 
Hinsdale, Ebenezer, 1727, 260. 
Hirst, Elizabeth, of Salem, 355. 
Hirst, Samuel, death of, 155. 
Hitchcock, Luke, 3S4. 
Hoadley, William, 340. 
Hollis, Thomas, 21, 134, 140, 193, 391. 
Holyoke, Edward, 1 705, writes against 

Checkley, 393. 
Hooker, Henry, Doctor, 190. 
Hopkins legacy, 390. 
Houchin, Jeremiah and Elizabeth, 405. 
Hubbard, Elizabeth and Richard, 41. 
Hubbard, Sarah, 213. 
Hubbard, William, 1642, confers degrees, 

210. 
Hudson, Charles, on John Hancock, 423 
Hutchinson, Elizabeth, 115. 
Hutchinson, Thomas, 1727, 10. On 

Leverett, 195. 
Hutchinson, Thomas, dies of small-pox, 

376. 

I. 

Indian corn, 160. 

Indians, labor ofDanforth and Rawson 

among the, 163, 244. 
Isles of Shoals, Moody at the, 406. 

J- 

Johnson, Arbella, 2S7. 



Keach, John and Abigail, 149. 

Keith, George, z,2. At Woodbridge, 343. 

Keith, James, of Bridgewater, 130. 

Kent, Elisha and James, 238. 

Kitchen, Robert, "127. 

Knox, Henry, General, 192. 



L. 

Lake, Thomas and Mary, 4. 

Lamb, Joshua, death of, 139. 

Learned, Robert Colt, 398. 

Lee, Samuel, of Bristol, 423. 

Leisler, Jacob, Governor, 182. 

Leonard, Thomas, Elegy on, 248. 

Leverett, Hudson, 181. 

Leverett. John, F. R. S., President of 
Harvard College, 16S0, 1S0-19S. Vis- 
its New York, 1S2. His inauguration, 
186. Goes again to New York with 
Governor Shute, 1S8. Attacked by 
Sewall, 18S. Death and funeral of, 



INDEX. 



453 



190. Heirs of, in debt, 192. Land of, 
in Maine, 192. His family, 196, 197, 
334. Works, 197. 

Leverett, Thomas, grant of land to, 191. 

Lodovick, Doctor, German chymist, 19S. 

Longfellow, Judge, of Gorham, 309. 

Lyman, Aaron and Eunice, 390. 

Lynde, Benjamin, 16S6, 356-357. 

Lynde, Benjamin, 171S, 357. 

Lynde, Joseph and Ann, 345. 

Lynde, Lyman and Hannah, 383. 

Lynde, William, 1733, 357. 

M. 

Maltby, William and Sarah, 372. 

Mann, John, 385. 

March, Colonel, expedition under, 354, 

355- 

Markman, James and Elizabeth, 341. 

Marston, Benjamin, of Salem, 16S9, 
423- 

Marston, Benjamin, 1715, and Mehitable, 
332. 

Marston, John, Alice, and Manasseh, 423. 

Martyn, Richard, 1680,179-180. 

Marvin, Matthew, Reynold, and Hannah, 
174. 

Mary, Queen, gifts from, 28S. 

Mason, Alice, Arthur, and Joanna, 343. 

Mather, Cottox, D. D., F. R. S., 1678. 
6-158. On John Cotton, 2. Oakes 
on, 6. Stammers, 7. Ordained, 8. 
His salary, 8. Andros and, 9. Witch- 
craft, 9, 11. Annoyed by Calef's 
"More Wonders," 15. Aspires to the 
Presidency of Harvard College, 18. 
Letter of, to Governor Dudley, 18, 
82, 99. Conduct of, during Leverett's 
Presidency, 20; and after his death, 
21. His character as given by Peirce 
and others, 23 ; by Prince, 31; Gee, 32; 
Colman, 33 ; Robbins, 35. His per- 
plexities and sorrows, 37. His "Dis- 
pensations and Recompences," 37. 
His degree from the University at 
Glasgow, 39. Member of the Royal 
Society, 39. His sickness, death, and 
funeral, 40. Wives and children of, 41. 
Name " Mather " extinct among the 
descendants, 41. On preaching with- 
out notes, 47. Against uncleanness, 
57. Bostonian Ebenezer, 65. Eleu- 
theria, 66. Decennium Luctuosum, 67. 
Pillars of Salt, 69. La Religion pura, 
70. His Magnalia, 79. His American 
Bible, 114; and Psalter, 129. India 
Christiana, 1 35. His first sermon, 144. 
Sermon on his son Increase, 145, 147. 
Cited on Rawson, 166; on James 
Pierpont, 228 ; on John Denison, 272 ; 
on Saltonstall, 283. 
Mather, Eleazer, Eunice and, 259, 319. 



Mather, Increase, 1656, 5, 6, 37, 41, 59, 
140, 419. Letter of, to Dudley, 19. 
Sermon on his death, 141. Memoirs 
of, 148. Leverett and Brattle's ser- 
vices during his absence in England, 
181. Disappointed at Leverett's elec- 
tion as President, 1S7. On William 
Brattle, 201. Letter to from Yar- 
mouth, 212. Daughter of, married to 
Nehemiah Walter, 300. Sent for to 
ordain Gibbs and Angier, 328. 

Mather, Nathaniel, 1685,321-323. 

Mather, Samuel, 1723, 41. 

Mather, Warham, of New Haven, 
16S5, 319-320, 317. Buried at New 
Haven, 320. His marriages and will, 
320. 

May, Samuel, an impostor, 74. 

Measles, Letter on, 113. 

Mendon, settlement of Rawson at, 159. 

Merrick, Thomas, 385. 

Messinger, Henry and Mehitable, 338. 

Metcalf, John G., cited respecting Raw- 
son, 162, 165. 

Meteors, 267. 

Middlesex Artillery Company, 44. 

Mills, Edward, of Boston, 1685,337- 
338, 447- 

Mitchel, Jonathan, 1647, 64, 211. 

Mitchel, Jonathan, 16S7, 383. 

Mitchel, Samuel, 1681, 211 -212. 

Moody, Joshua, of Portsmouth, 1653, 3, 
22, 172. 

Moody, Samuel, 1689, 406-409. At 
Portland, 408. Military officer, 408. 
Family of, 409. 

Moor's Charity School, 373. 

Morgan, James, a malefactor, 44. 

Morris, John, Hannah, and Elizabeth, 
373- 

Morton, Charles, 1$, 367. 

Morton, Nicholas, 1686, 366-367. 

Moss, Joseph, 1699, Abigail and, 238. 

Moulton, Bridget and Jane, 123. 

Mountford, Edward, and Mary, 409. 

Muscongus Patent, 191. 
Myles, John, 287. 

Myles, Samuel, 16S4, 287-293. Ad- 
monished in College, 2S7. Taught 
school in Charlestown, 2S7. His voy- 
age to England, 28S. Bringing gifts 
from England, 289. Claims to be an 
Overseer of the College, 290. Ceases 
duties at the chapel, 291. Greenwood 
on, 291. Burial of, 292. His be- 
quests, 292. 

N. 

Nash, Thomas and Mary, 173. 
Negroes, Christianizing, 93. 
Newbury, Edward Tompson at, 307. 
Newcastle, Duke of, 287. 



454 



Newgate, or Newdigate, John, 356. 

Newman, Henry, 1687, 389-394. Li- 
brarian, 390. To procure College 
arms, 390. Cited respecting Hollis, 
391. Sends books to Harvard Col- 
lege, 391. Agent of New Hampshire, 
392. 

Newman, Noah, of Rehoboth, 389. 

Newman, Samuel and Hopestill, 400. 
Patience and, 421. 

Noble, Mr., 128. 

Noon House, at Mendon, 165. 



Oakes, Edward, 1679, 171- 172. 
Oakes, Urian, 1649, on Cotton Mather, 6, 
36. Poem on, 42. Cited on Rawson, 

159- 
Oakes, Urian, 1678, 169. 
Oliver, James, 1680, 198. Epitaph on, 

199. 
Oliver, Jerusha, 106. 
Oliver, Peter, 111. 
Osborn, Widow, and Noadiah Russell, 

217. 

P. 

Paddy, William, Alice, and Elizabeth, 

286. 
Paine, Martyn, 1813, M. D., LL. D., 180. 
Palmes, William, 287. 
Park, William, Martha, and Theoda, 

249, 263. 
Parker, Josiah, of Groton, 420. 
Partridge, Edward, 265. 
Partridge, Mary and Mehitable, 399. 
Partridge, William, 1689, 416-417. 
Payne, William, 1689, 409-412, 346. 
Payton, or Peyton, Bezaleel and Saraii, 

181. 
Peabody, Andrew Preston, D. D., LL. D., 

1826, 6. 
Pearce, Mercy, 423. 

Peirce, Benjamin, 1S01, on Cotton Ma- 
ther, 23. On Leverett, 193. 
Pemberton, Ebenezer, 169 1, on Cotton 

Mather's letter to Dudley, 20. 
Pepperrell, Sir William, 422. 
Phillips, Abigail, 40. 
Phillips, Anna, 345. 
Phillips, George, of Brookhaven, 1686, 

360-362. 
Phillips, Samuel, of Rowley, 1650, 360. 
Phips, Sir William, 12, 48, 64. 
Pickering, John, leader of a party at 

Portsmouth, 380. 
Pierpont, Benjamin, 1689, 429. 
Pierpont, Ebenezer, 171 5, and Sever, 

187. 
Pierpont, James, of New Haven, 16S1, 

222-230. Jonathan Edwards and, 224, 

230. Portrait of, 228. His family, 229. 



Pierpont, Jonathan, of Reading, 1685, 
349-352. Marries Elizabeth Angier, 
351. Epitaph on, 351. 

Pierpont, Samuel, drowned, 230. 

Pike, John, of Dover, 1675, 3. 

Plaisted, John, 113. 

Poole, Elizabeth and John, 422. 

Popery, catechism against, 96, 100. 

Pork, 160. 

Portsmouth disagrees about a meeting- 
house, 380. 

Pratt, Mary, 232. 

Prentice, Henry and Mary, 29. 

Prentice, John, 1700, 336. 

Pre?itice, Thomas, of Arundel, 1726,428. 

Prescott, Benjamin, of Danvers, 1709, 
332- 

Price, Ann, Elizabeth, and Theodore, 

177- 
Price, Roger, 292. 
Prince, Thomas, 1707, on Cotton Mather, 

23 ; on his American Bible, 114. 
Purkis, Sarah, 382. 
Pynchon, William, 3S5. 

Q. 

Quakers, Mather's publications against, 
49,52,94,99. At Yarmouth, 214. At 
Sandwich, 321. At Woodbridge, 342. 

Quincy, Josiah, LL. D., on letters of 
the Mathers to Joseph Dudley, 19. On 
Sewall's attack on Leverett, 188. On 
Leverett's administration, 192. 



Rainbows, theory respecting, 266. 

Rale, the Jesuit, 407. 

Rawson, Grindall, of Monson, 1678, 

159-168, 120. His family, 166. 
Read, Samuel, 160. 
Rehoboth, Baptist Church in, 287. 
Reynolds, Benjamin, of Bristol, 166. 
Richardson, John, 1666, 400. 
Rindge, John and Mehitable, 3S2. 
Robbins, Chandler, D. D., 1S29, on Cotton 

Mather, 35. 
Rock, Mary, Sermon on, 114. 
Roe, Phillips, 361. 
Rogers, Daniel, 1686, 358-360, 424. 

Drowned. 359. Epitaph on, 359. His 

family, 359. 
Rogers, Daniel, of Portsmouth, and Me- 
hitable, 382. 
Rogers, Daniel, of Exeter, 1725, 275. 
Rogers, George and Lydia, 3S2. 
Rogers, John, 1649, and Margaret, 

daughter of, 196. 
Rogers, John, 1684, 273-276. His 

family, 275. 
Rogers, John de, husband of Eunice 

Williams, 259. 



INDEX. 



455 



Rogers, John, and the Rogerenes, 279. 

Rogers, Margaret, 334. 

Rogers, Nathaniel, of Portsmouth, 
1687,379-382. Salaryof.379. At the 
North Church, 381. House of, and 
residents in burnt, 382. Family of, 
382. 

Rogers, Nathaniel, 1 721, of Kittery, 275. 

Rolee, Benjamin, of Haverhill, 1684, 
310-315. Killed, 312. Epitaph on, 
314. His wife and children, 314. Land 
confirmed to his descendants, 316. 

Rossiter, Doctor Bray, or Bryan, 174. 

Rouville, Hertel de, 251, 253, 255. 

Rowlandson, Joseph, of Lancaster, 1652, 
336. 

Ruck, Peter, 1685, 344. 

Rule, Margaret, the Mathers, and Calef, 
12, 14. 

Russell, John, of Hadley, 1645, 2 3 6 - 

Russell, Noadiah, of Middletown, 1681, 
216-222. On Danforth, 171. His 
Diary, 217. Teacher in Ipswich, 218. 
Verses on, 219, 220. 

Russell, Samuel, of Branford, 1681, 
236-238. Trustee of Yale College, 
237. Epitaph on, 237. His family, 
238. 

Russell, William and Sarah, 216. 

Rye, 160. 

Ryland, John, 151. 



Saltonstall, Elizabeth, 272, 326. 

Saltonstall, Gurdon, of New London, 
1684, 277-286, 326. Succeeds Fitz- 
James Winthrop as Governor, 278. 
Declines an agency to Great Britain, 
278. Assumes Colonial debts, 278. 
Introduces the printing-press into New 
London, 279. Stops importation of 
slaves, 279. Opposes Episcopal influ- 
ence at Yale College, 280. Death and 
funeral of, 281. Notice of, by the Bos- 
ton News-Letter, 281 ; by Eliphalet 
Adams, 282 ; by Cotton Mather, 283. 
His family, 284. Portrait of, 285. 

Saltonstall, Mary, 143. Prince's account 
of, 284. Her legacies and gifts, 
284. 

Saltonstall, Nathaniel, 1659, 272, 277. 
Elizabeth, daughter of, 326. 

Saybrook Platform, 228. 

Schuyler, John, 250. Visits Eunice Wil- 
liams, 256. 

Selleck, John and Martha, 372. 

Sermons, Cotton Mather's, 27, 47. 
Gibbs's, 330. 

Sever, Nicholas, 1701, 314; and Pier- 
pont, 187 ; and Welsteed, 189. 

Sewall, Abigail, 133. 

Sewall, Joseph, 1707, 128. 



Sewall, Samuel, Judge, 1671, 46, 105, 
126, 133. On Jonathan Danforth, 171. 
On Leverett's death and burial, 190. 
Says Hubbard conferred degrees in 
1684, 210. On James Pierpont, 228; 
on Davie, 232 ; on Denison's funeral, 
230. At Danforth's wedding, 246. 
Visits Madam Dudley, 318. On Com- 
mencement exercises in 1688, 318. 
Criticises Nathaniel Mather's Alma- 
nac, 322. On a committee respecting 
Watertown meeting-house, 327. On 
ordination of Gibbs, 329 ; Berry's 
death, 335; Mrs. Ruck, 344; John 
White, 348; Jonathan Pierpont, 351; 
Wainwright's death, 355 ; Benjamin 
Lynde, 356. Visits Hale, 363. On 
John Clark, 377; Dasset, 3S9; Shove, 
400. 

Sewall, Samuel, 1804, on Gibbs's sermon, 
33°- 

Sewall, Stephen, Clerk of the Court, 
11. 

Sheafe, Jacob and Elizabeth, 327. 

Shepard, Edward and Sarah, 306. 

Shepard, Samuel, 1685, 341-344. 

Sherwood, Thomas and John, 366. 

Shove, Seth, of Taunton and Danbury, 
1687, 400-403. Inscription on his 
monument, 403. 

Shrimpton, Sarah, Jonathan, and Mary, 
376. 

Shurtleff, William, of Portsmouth, 1707, 
420. 

Singing by rule, 134. 

Slaves, importation of, stopped in Con- 
necticut, 279. 

Small-pox, 201. Inoculation for, 347. 

Smith, Richard, 361. 

Snow-storm in 171 7, 204. 

Somerby, Henry, 363. 

Southmayd, William and Mehitable, 399. 

Sparhaivk, John, of Bristol, 1689, 421- 
423. Family of, 422. 

Sparhawk, Nathaniel and Patience, 421. 

Stevens, Timothy, of Glastonbury, 
1687, 386-388. Family of, 387. 

Stiles, Ezra, D. D., 219. 

Stoddard, Solomon, of Northampton, 1662, 
family of, 264, 265, 320. Sermon after 
his death, 269. 

Stone, Hugh, executed for murder, 50. 

Stone, Nathaniel, 1690, on Cotton's grave, 
215. 

Stoughton, Thomas and Elizabeth, 341. 

Stoughton, William, 1650, on witchcraft, 
12. 

Stow, John and Thankful, 222, 429. 

Swan, Thomas, physician, 1689, 440. 

Swan Island, 232. 

Swansea, Baptist Church in, 287 

Swearing and cursing, 97. 

Swayne, Bennett, 363. 



45 6 



Taylor, Daniel, minister at Newark, 232. 

Taylor, Edward, of Westfield, 1671, 46. 

Taylor, John, of Milton, 1721, 382. 

Tercera, volcano near, 13S. 

Tkacher, Peter, sermon on, 157. 

Thing, Sarah, 118. 

Thomas, Isaiah, LL. D., 42. 

Thomaston, 192. 

Thompson, Benjamin, 1662, teacher of 
Cotton Mather, 6. 

Thornton, Thomas, 214. 

Throop, Amos, 1721, 399. 

Tipping,' Bartholomew, 243. 

Tomfsox, Edh:ird, of Marshfield, 1684, 
306-310. At Simsbury, Connecticut, 
306, 402. At Newbury, 307. Death 
and burial of, 308. Epitaph on, 30S. 

Tompson, Samuel and Sarah, 306. 

Tompson, William, of Scarborough, 17 18, 

3°9- 
Toppan, Christopher, 1691, 308. 
Toppan, Samuel, 401. 
Torrey, Samuel, of Weymouth, 160. 
Trowbridge, Caleb, Hannah and, 300. 
Turell, Ebenezer, 1721, on Newman, 393. 
Tyng, Mercy, 19S. 
Tyng, William and Elizabeth, 200. 

U. 

Uphatn, Charles Wentworth, 1S21, 10, 12. 
On Mather's influence, 18. 



Vaudreuil, redeems John Williams, 256. 
Visits, advice for ministerial, 91, 116. 



W. 

Wadsioorth, Benjamin, 1690, 139. Sus- 
tains Leverett, 189. 

Wadsworth, Recompence, 171 3, 113. 

Wainwright, Francis, of Ipswich, 
16S6, 354-355. Family of, 355. His 
bequests, ^55. 

Waldron, William, 1717, 138. Death of, 

Waldron massacre, 418. 

Walley, John, 247. 

Wallis, David, executed, 112. 

Walter, Increase, 171 1, 300. 

Walter, Nehemiah, of Roxbury, 1684, 
294-303, 244. Goes to Annapolis, 
294. Corlet on, 295. His introduc- 
tion to Roxbury pulpit, 295. Ordina- 
tion of, 296. Eliot and, 296. Colman 
on, 297. His manner of preaching, 297, 
298. Decline, death, and burial-place 
0^,298-300. His family, 299. 



Walter, Thomas, of Youghall, 294. 
Walter, Thomas, of Roxbury, 1713, 127, 

147. 298. 
Ward, John, of Haverhill, 311. 
Ward, Robert, of Wenham, 1719, 359. 
Warren, Maine, 192. 
Washburn, Emory, on Benjamin Lynde, 

357- 
Webb, John and Frances, 134. 
Webb, Joseph, of Fairfield, 1684, 301- 

305. Discipline of, in college, 302. 

His confession, 303. Ordained, 304. 

Obituary of, 304. Original Fellow of 

Yale College, 304. His family, 305. 

Epitaph on, 305. 
Webb's gift, 174. 
Webster, William, 342. 
Welch, Nathaniel, 16S7, 3SS-389. 
Weld, Thomas and Dorothy, 239. 
Wclsteed, William, 1716, funeral oration 

on Leverett, 190. 
Wendell, Jacob, 199. 
Wensley, Richard, 16S4, 286. 
Wentworth, Sir John, Governor of Nova 

Scotia, 382. 
Wetmore, Anna, John, and Ruth, 399. 
Whales, salary paid in, 324. 
Wheat, 160. 
Whipple, Sarah, 355. 
White, John, 1685, 345-348, 20, 202. 

Exempt from taxes, 346. Treasurer 

of the College, 347. Dies of small- 
pox, 347. Sewall on, 34S. 
White, William, a pirate, 143. 
Whitcfield, George, on Nehemiah Walter, 

297. 
Whiting, John, and Mary, 5. 
Whiting, John, 1653, and Abigail, 238. 
Whiting, John, of Lancaster, 16S5, 335 — 

337- 
Whittlesey, S., on John Davenport, 

371- 
Whittingham, Doctor John, and Martha, 

41. 
Whittingham, Richard, 1689,417. 
Whittingham, William and Mary, 2S4. 
Wiggleszuorth, Edward, 1 710, 196. 
Wi^r;lesworth, Michael, 1651, Sermon on, 

88. 
Wigglesworth, Samuel, on John Rogers, 

274. 
Willard, Samuel, 1659, iS. Funeral of, 

232. Marries Samuel Danforth, 246. 
William III. befriends King's Chapel, 

2SS, 289. 
Williams, Eleazer, the Dauphin, 25. 
Williams, Elisha, 17 1 1, 265. 
Williams, Eunice, marries an Indian, 256. 

Visits relatives at Deerfield, 256. 
Williams, Isaac and Martha, 263. 
Williams, Jo/ix, of Deerfield, 1683, 

249-262. Capture of, by the Indians, 

251. Attempts to convert, 255, 256. 



INDEX. 



457 



Redeemed, 256. Grants to, 25S. His 
family, 259. 

Williams, Samuel and Theoda, 249. 

Williams, Solomon, of Lebanon, 1719, 
265. 

Williams, Stephen, 1713, 372. 

Williams, Warham, of Waltham, 1719, 
259, 268. 

Williams, William, of Hatfield, 16S3, 
263-269. His family, 264. 

Wilson, John, 1642, and Susanna, 168. 

Winkley, Francis, married Mary Emer- 
son, 420. 

Winslow, Isaac and Sarah, 2S6. 

Winthrop, Fitz-John, 278. 

Winthrop, John, Governor of Connecti- 
cut, 102. 

Wiswall, Peleg and Elizabeth, 359. 

Witchcraft, Cotton Mather and, 9, 11. 
General belief in, 9. Advice of min- 



isters as to, 10. Works relating to, 

45, 50. Gibbs on, 330. 
Wolcott, Abiah, Henry, and Sarah, 365. 
Wolcott, Jeremiah and Sarah, 372. 
Wood, James, of Mendon, 167. 
Wood, Samuel, of Upton, 167. 
Woodward, Doctor John, 122. 
Woodward, John, 1693, Lydia and, 373. 
Woolsey, Sarah, 362. 
Woolsey, Theodore Dwight, 2.7.7. 
Worthylake, Mr., 129. 



Yale, Governor, 372. 
Yale College, Episcopacy at, 280. 
enport's interest in, 372. 



Ziegenbalgh, Bartholomew, 135. 



Dav- 



END OF VOLUME III.