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Full text of "Sinn Fein Rebellion handbook, Easter, 1916"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/sinnfeinrebellioOOdubl 



[1917 ISSUE] 

Compiled by the " Weekly Irish Times" Dublin. 



SINN FEIN 
REBELLION 
ANDBOOK. 




Easter. 1916. 



Complete and- Connected Narrative of the Rising, with Detailed 

Accounts of the Fighting at all Points. 

Story of the Great Fires, with list of Premises Involved. 

Military and Rebel Proclamations and Despatches. 

Punishment or' Rebels — Full Record of Sentences. 

^asualities— Official Lists of Military, Royal Irish Constabulary, Dublin 

Metropolitan Police, Volunteer Training Corps, and Rebels. 

Names of Persons Interred in Cemeteries. 

Official Lists of Pris'oners Deported and Released. 

SPECIAL MAP PRINTED IN COLOURS. 

(Illustrating the Area of Fighting.) 

Despatches of Sir John Maxwell and Viscount French. 
r onours, Promotions, and Awards to Military, Police, and Civilians, 
Court-martial at Richmond Barracks— Reports of Public Trials. 
Sir Roger Casement's Landing, Capture, Trial and Execution. ' 
Hardinge Commission of Inquiry — Evidence and Report. 
Simon Commission of Inquiry — Evidence and Report. 
Vork of the Hospitals— St. John Ambulance— City and County of. 
Dublin Red Cross Societies— Lists of Names. 
Facsimile Reproductions of Rebel Proclamations, &c. 
Names of Prisoners Released under General Amnesty. 
Photographs, Personal Notes, and Index. 



PRICE 1/6 NET. 

POSTAGE FOURPENCE. 






BY SPECIAL 
ROYAL WARRANT 




TO HIS MAJESTY 
KING GEORGE V- 



WEST & SON, 



ESTABLISHED 1720 



MANUFACTURING SILVERSMITHS. 

I 2 




A replica of the 1 60 Solid Silver Cups manufactured 
in our own Workshops, 14 Fade Street, for Presentation 
to the Officers and Cadets of the Dublin University 
Oncers' Training Corps and other Defenders of Trinity 
College. 

Show Rooms : — 

GRAFTON HOUSE, 

102 & 103 GRAFTON STREET, DUBLIN. 



STIVX FEIX EKBKT.T.IOX ..HANDBOOK. 



Cf 



\\t Irish Sim**, 



SHOWING 



WAR FRONTS 



OF 



EUROPE 

As in May, 1917. 



TOGETHER WITH DATES OF DECLARATIONS 
OF WAR BY EACH NATION. 



The sheet measures 20in. by 30in., and the regions covered 
extend from the North of Scotland and the South-West of 
France on the West, to Petrograd and the Perekop on tho 
East. Not only are the rresent battle fronta of the West, 
the Italian, and the Russian, very strongly marked, but tha 
furthest progress of the Allies and the Central Powers is also 
indicated in each case. Readers will appreciate the manner in 
which the Provinces and Departments of the various countries 
ar>> e.«arly typed. A further interesting feature of this- Map 
i.« the- indication of the location and date of the three grda.ii 
Naval Engagements in the North Sea. 



Issued by THE IRISH TIMES, Ltd". Dubliit 

in Conjunction with 

G. W. BACON & CO , Ltd., London, Map Print^ 



SINS FEIN REBET.T.TOX HANDBOOK. 



A Ford car is a good friend. Don't 
abuse it ! If it goes wrong, see 
that it does not get into the hands 
of an unskilled workman for repairs: 
entrust to an expert. We employ 
such ; our Ford mechanics are men 
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special study. 

Small Cuts in Covers, 

allow water, grit, and other road matter to 
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Why not have them scien'i.cally repaired ? 
We can do the work. The finest Harvey 
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All tyre repairs undertaken. Special con- 
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*Phone« and Telegram! 



3620, Dublin. 



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MOTOR WORKS, 20 UP. DORSET ST., DUBLIN. 



W.B.Y. 



AM 



SINN FEIN EEBEtUOS HANDBOOK. 



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SINN FEES KF.BKt.TJOX HANDBOOK. 



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DUBLIN and BELFAST. 




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we can suit yonr taste. 



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Tobacco, Cigar, and Cigarette Merchants, 

119 GRAFTON STREET, DUBLIN. 

OPPOSITE TRINITY COLLEGE. 



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SINN FEIN BE)1EIXJ0>? \ DBOOK. 



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Proprietor. 

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Instruction bn Qualified Eiftonrs ra Mstiiaalsin & Driving. 

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SIXX FEIX BKBKIX10N LA.NTJBOOK. 





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Luncheons, Dinners, Suppers 
Table d'Hote and a la carte 



PETER NUGEVT, 
Proprietor. 



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STNX FKIX REBELLION HANDBOOK. .. ■ - 



Thompson s Taxis 

(After Tennyson). 



Should you require a motor car 

To meet you at the train, 
Or bear you on a health trip when 

The " brain storm " comes again, 
Or fetch you from that dinner when 

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Just grab a telephone and yell 

For five, two noughts and one. 

Or should you want to buy a car 

For pleasure or for trade, 
Or any of the many parts 

Of wh ch a car is made, 
It is a fer far better thing 

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To Thompson's engineering works $ Jv> 

Nineteen Great Brunswick Street?^ 



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fclXN FEIN REBELLION IIA.NPROOK. 



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FOR TERMS. APPLY MANAGER. 





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ESTIMATES GIVEN FOR ALL CLASSES OF 

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Telephone 4268. 



Telegrams — " Watt, Dublin. 



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ENQUIRIES SOLICITED. 



124 



Telephones : 
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Telegrams : 
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SINX FKIX KETtELT.IOX HANDBOOK. 




omy 



Everyone in these days must see the necessity of economy, and mut 
study carefully how to " draw in." There should be S'ate, Municipal anc 
Domestic Economy. The last named most closely affects the individual. 



Some people consider that by buying a cheaper article they an 
economising. If, as often happens, the cheaper article is inferior, they afi 
wrong — they are really wasting money. 



Take soap, for instance. You can buy a cheap, impure and coarsi 
article which will waste quickly, because it contains chemical impurities 
Further, it v. ill injure the fabric of clothes washed with it, and probably th 
hands of those who use it. 

You can also buy soap which, by reason of being made from soft oi 
material, "runs" away in use, and is wasteful because you cannot he! 
using more than is necessary. 



What you should buy is a soap which will work till the last ounce) 
which will not injure the clothes, which is pleasant to use, and which is n 
excessive in price. We confidently recommend our 




(Elks Head Brand). 

JTT Be careful to see our name and Trade Mark (Irish Elk's Head) 
^j] every bar, which is a guaran!ee of our genuine article. 

THIS BSAND MADE ONLY BY 

John Barrington & Sons 

King's Infca SOreet Soap Works, L * d - 

IIIBLIN. 



' 



SINN FEIN REBELLION HANDBOOK. 



[1917 ISSUE.] 

Compiled by the " Weekly Irish Times/* Dublin. 



* % 




Easter, 1916. 



Complete and Connected Narrative of the Rising, with Detailed 

Accounts of the Fighting at All Points. 

Story of the Great Fires, with List of Premises Involved. 

Military and Rebel Proclamations and Despatches. 

Punishment of Rebels— Full Record of Sentences. 

Casualties — Official Lists of Military, Royal Irish Constabulary, Dublir 
Metropolitan Police, Volunteer Training Corps, and Rebels. 

Names of Persons Interred in Cemeteries. 

Official Lists of Prisoners Deported and Released. 

SPECIAL MAP PRINTED IN COLOURS 

{Illustrating the Area of Fighting). 

Despatches of Sir John Maxwell and Viscount Fre w\. 

Honours, Promotions and Awards to Military, Police and Civilians, 

Courts-martial at Richmond Barracks— Reports of Public Trials. 

Sir Roger Casement's Landing, Capture, Trial and Execution. 

Hardinge Commission of Inquiry—Evidence and Report. 

Simon Commission of Inquiry — Evidence and Report. 

Work of the Hospitals — St. John Ambulance— City and County of 

Dublin Red Cross Societies — Lists of Names. 

Facsimile Reproductions of Rebel Proclamations, &c. 

Names of Prisoners Released under General Amnesty. 

Photographs. Personal Notes, and Index. 



'u 






XII. 



SINN" FEIN B.KBEIXION HANDBOOK. 



Business as Usual. 



GOOD WORK TELLS. 



IT 



Dry 



IS TRUEST ECONOMY TO EMPLOY 

Experts in 

Cl« 




By scrutinising every article entrusted to us with the utmost care, 
and then subjecting it to the treatment best suited to its Material, 
Construction, and Requirements, we have attained our unassailable 
position in the front rank ok Dyers and Cleaners. Neither time, 
trouble, nor expense is spared in the service of our customers. 
' We place reputation before remuneration. In the future as in the 
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BRANCHES : 

6 GRAFTON STREET. T«L No. 2605. 

20 REDMOND'S HILU Tel. No. 330 y. 

17 CORNMARKET, Tel. No, 567. 

11 RATHMINES TERRACE. Tel. No. 47 Rathminc 

Dye Works, 



CORK, BELFAST, LIMERICK. 

ORDERS EXECUTED PROMPTLY. 



M PUBLIC LIBRARY 



S1VX FKJN HKRIXT.TOX HANDBOOK. 



SUMMARY OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

Declaration of Irish Republic (Facsimile) ... .,, ... ... ... ... 1 

Photographs of the " Provisional Government" ... ,., ... ... ... 2 3 

Surrender of Piebels (Facsimile) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 4 

Rebels' Address to the Citizens of Dublin ... ... ... ... ... ... 4a 

Facsimile of John MacNeill's Letter ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 4b 

Events leading up to the Outbreak ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 5-7 

The Fighting in Dublin 7-30 

Sir John Maxwell Answers Charges against Troops ... ... ... ... 27-8 

The Railways and Tramways During the Rising ... ... ... ... ... 31-2 

T s Great Fires 33-3d 

The Rising in the Country ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 38-40 

Official Reports and Statements (with Photographs) ... ... ... ... 4147 

Rebel Proclamations ... ... ... 48-51 

Official Casualty Lists— Military, R.I.C., D.M.P., and G.R 52-58 

Names of Persons Interred in Glasnevin, Mount Jerome, and Dean's Grange 

Cemeteries ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 59-61 

Rebels Killed while Fighting 61 

Punishment of Rebels (with Photographs) ... ... ... ... ... ... 62 68 

Condemned Rebel's Marriage in Prison ... ... ... ... ... ... gg 

Prisoners Deported, Detained, and Released ... ... ... ... ... 69-91 

Sir John Maxwell and Viscount French's Despatches ... ... ... ... 92-97 

Honours and Awards to Military and Police 98-99 255-8 

Courts-martial : 

Shooting of Francis Sheehy Sherrington ... ... ... ... ... 102-108 

Murder of Constable McGee ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 109-112 

Meath County Surveyor ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 112-115 

Shooting at Guinness's Brewery 116-121 

Soldier Charged with Murder ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 122 123 

Attempted Gun-running in Kerry * ... ... ... ... 123-126 

Shooting of Head Constable Rowe ... ... ... ... ... ... 126-127 

Sir Roger Casement's Landing, Capture, Trial, and Execution ... 128-150 

Maps Facing Page 14, 136-7, 241 

Royal Commission of Inquiry into Causes of Rebellion — Evidence, Report- 

and Conclusions ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 151-205 

R.< yal Commission of Inquiry into Shooting of three men at Portobello 

Barracks — Report, Extracts of Evidence, and. Mrs. Skeffington's Statement 206-224 



Red Cross, Ambulance, and Hospftal Workers 
Staves Used by the Rebels 

Th? government of the Country ... 

Leg*J( Aspects of the Rebellion 

Rebuilding of Destroyed Areas 

Compensation for Victims and Property Destroyed... 

Defenders of Trinity College 

Volunteer Defenders of Beggar's JJush Barracks ... 
Newspapers During the Rebellions 

Passes Granted by Military a^»l Polity » 

Who's Who in this Volume . 4 . 
Names of prisoners Released Uhc'er General Amnesty- 
Index ... 



225-238 

238 

239-244 

245 6 

246-8 

24950 

251-2 

252 

253 

254 

259-76 

277 

X1V.-XV., 278-28r 



rSDKX. 



INDEX. 



Tist nf places and names alphabetically arranged appear in the Handbook as follows:— 
Premises Destroyed and Damaged in tiie Great Files 
Killed and Wounded— .Military— Officers and Men . 
,, Royal Irish Constabulary 

Dublin Metropolitan Police .. 
,', Veteran Volunteers 

250' Persons Interred at Glasnevin Cemetery 
24 , „ ,, Mount Jerome 

49 " ,, „ Dean's Grange 

Rebels Killed While Fighting .. . . ... 

Rebels Executed and Sentenced to Penal Servitude and Imprisonment 
prisoners Deported and Released 
Honours and Awards to Military ..•■.•• 
,. Royal Irish Constabulary 
,, „ Dublin Metropolitan i'olice 

St John Ambulance Brigade Workers 
ti'tv of Dublin Red Cross Workers 
Coiintv of Dublin Red Gross Workers ... 

rC-iiftf-nt^s and War Loan Stock Presented to Royal Tnsh Constabulary 
° e,L " u ; „ „ Dublin Metropolitan Police .. 

Defenders of Trinity College 
De Peggar's Bush Barracks 

Prisoner 1 * "Released from Penal Servitude under General Amnesty 

~ Names of persons not found in the following index should be sought for in one or 
the above lists. , 

Ammunition Used by 



36 8 

6*-6 

5/ 

67-8 

58 

5960 

60-1 

61 

61 

62-68 

69-91 

98 

98-9 

99 

225-50 

250-1 

231-3 

255-8 

255-6 

251-2 

252 

277 

other of 



A. 

Abbevdurney Police Station 134-5 

^ ?To, It. 12, 33-7. 41-9 
Abbey Theatre •• •• ^/ 

Aberdeen, Lord .. 174. 184 

Absurdity of Viceroys 

Position . ■ • _ a °;? 

Acheson, Maj. P TT., A.S.C. 52 
Acknowledgments of Sir 

John Maxwell •• 9° 

Act of Injustice 184 

Act of Union .. ■■ . 156 

Address to Citizens of Dublin 

by Rebels .. ■■ 4a,_ 48 

Adelaide Hospital 16, 2o6-7 

Admiralty 

7. 10, 24, 92-3. 125, 130-4, 
163, -71, 182 
Ahem. Sergeant, R.l.G. 

6, 127, 25S 
Ai'esbury Park Hospital.. 232 
Aisne, Battle of . .. 106 

Alexandra College Nursing 

Division .. .. 226 

Alexander. T. E 112 

Aliens .. .. 169, 187-8 

Allegations Against Troops 

27, 29, 43, 97 
Allen and Sons, James .. 37 

Allen, Richard .. 34, 36 

Allett, Col. H. T. W. 

52, 98, 213, 259 
Allies in Europe .. .. 1, 50 

Alridge, Sergt. J. W. 

104, 20910. 216-17, 269 
Alton, Captain E. H. 

94-8. 100, 251, 259 
Ambulances Fired On .. 97 
ambulances Reviewed .. 100 
Ambus > of Soldiers 20, 27 

America 

44, 141-5-6, 151-6-7, 171 
America— Influence .. 191 

America— Kinsmen Tn ... l. 50 
America'— Letters from .. 125 
American Lawyer ;it 

Garment Trial' .. 133 

America— Money from 

146. 151, 161-5-6. 170-1 
198, 201 
American Subscriptions to 

Keli.-f Fund .. .. 244 

Amkms Street Shooting 122-3 
Amiens Si net Station 8, 32, 93 
Ammunition, American no 

Ammunition Taken (torn 

Rebels .. .. ... 171 u 

Ammunition — Theft of 

«.) ili.ary . . ; «,j 

Jifliiiiuiiitioo. from Germajy lv!>4, 6 



Rebels 171 

Amnesty .. . .. 277 

Aiia.rcit.st Sentiment .. 200 
A.O.li. (American Alliance) lb9 
Anderson, R.A., iA.V.T.O. 

22, 58 
Annesley Bridge .. .. 30 

Anti-British 

151-2-b, 161-5. 181-8. 191-7, 
201 
Antipathy, Some Causes.. 157 
Auu-RecruiUiig Meetings, 

181-7-8, 192 

Antrim Co. 242 

1 PacK of Rebels .. 203 

Appeal by Casement .. 147-9 
Arbour Hill .. 77-8, 133 

Archbishop's House, Drum- 

co.vdra .. ... 7 

Ardee .. ..41, 109-11-14 

Ardl'ert 124-5, 150-2-3-8, 3.40 
Arkluvv .. .. 44-5 95 

Ailiugton Street .. .. 156 

Armagh 242 

Arming of Police.. .. 196 

Armoured Motor Cars fend 

Lorries .. 17, 52, >"A, 95-6 
Armoured Train .. 39, 40 

Arms Act 159, 165, 1P2, 196-7 
Arms — Attempt to Laud German 

7, 41, 153, 193 
Arms — Carrying Prohibited 47 
Arms — Importation of 

151-3, 16b, 170 198, 202-4 
Arms Landed in Kowth... 152 
Arms Landed in Ulster.. 152 
Arms— Purchased from 

Soldiers 151 
Arms Restriction ... 152-3 

Anns Snxii'v 6 169. 186, 199 
Anns— Surrender >£ 47, 194 

Army Coin e.il . 46, 108 

Army of the Irish Republic 

19, 44-8-9, 50-1, 61 
Army Pay Department 33, 95 
Army Service Corps .. 55 

Arnott and Co. .. 10, 33 

Arrest, of Cas< nienD .. 130 

Arrival nf Sir John 

95 

179, 192 

201 



Maxwell 
Irsenal 

A r a ne 
Artillery 
9. 10. 



13 



23, 24, 31, 44-9, 
50, 93-7, 161 
40 4. 96, 112 15 
64 7, 112, 277 



\shbonrne 38, 
Aslie. Thomas 
Asquith il II. 

29. 4i-«, -MJ-8. 100. 163. 239, 
243 



Aston's Quay . ,. 35 

i Terrible Ordeal .. 212 

Athemeum, Enniscorthy.. 179 
Athelliy . 31, 39, 42, 174-6 
Athlone .. .. 92-3, 173 

Atkins, Mr. Justice .. 147-9 

Attempt to Blow Up Bridges 31 
Attempt to Blow Up .Nelson 

Piilar .. .. .. 15 

And (Arms Ship) 

124, 130-4-5. 162, 178, 203-4 
Australian Subscription? 

to Relief Fund.. .. 244 

*ostria ... . 1^6 194 

Auxiliary Hospitals .. 225-6 

A very, Mr. Justice ..138-146 

Aivanl" to R.l C. ai~l 

D.M.P. .. .. 265-8 

Award., to Victims of 

Rebellion .. . 249 

B. 
Bachelor's Walk 

8. 12, 49, 131. 158, 171, 198 
Baggoti street .. ..20. 21 

Bagnalstown . . .. 44-5 

Bailey, Daniel Julian 

123-6, 128-159 149, 163, 259 
Baker and Sons .. .. 30 

Baker, Lieut. A. W. W. 98, ICO 
Ralbriggan VA.D. .. 232 

Baleh. Major 52, 211-17, 223 
Baldwin, Mr. .. .. 69 

Ball. Sir Arthur. M.D. . 25 

Balliua . ... .. 182 

Bailivor .. .. .. 113 

Rallsbridge 21, 27, 93-4 

nall.vlxiden .. .. 7 

Ball.vbough Bridge .. 30 

Rallvcotton Day ... .. 190 

Ballyheigue .. 124, 133 

Bt-'llykissane Quay .. 7 

Dall.vmacelligott .. .. 177 

Rallymun .. .. . 179 

Bafrath .. 38, 113 

Balrothery . .. 113 

Hank Account of Volun- 
teers .. . .. 193 

Bank of Ireland 94, 173, 239 
Raima SI rand 125, 132-3 

Barbed Wire in Sack v ill© 

street .. .. 1% 

Barlinnie Barracks .. 83-4 

Barrett, Constable Thos., DM. P. 

99. 259 

Barricades in Streets 

8. 9, 12, 28-30, 33-4, 49, 

935-7 
Barrow Bridge .. 42. 189 

Darr.vniore. Lord . . .. 161 

Rnrton, Air. Justice .. ioa» 
Bart<»„ Scrgt. John. D.1I P. 
S9. 25S 



IXDKX. 



250 



Basis of Comixmsation for 

Destroyed Property 
Batlenberg, Capt. 11 is 
Highness Prince Alex- 
ander of .. .. 98 

Battersby, Capt 40 

Bnttersby, Miss .. .. 40 

Battersby, Mr.. K.C. .. 40 
Ravvnard House 40. 126-7 

Bavonets 8 16. 152. 169. J 83 
tfra'en*. Patrick 28. 29, 269 

feater, G. V 36 

Bcaitic. I.icnt 213 

Beggar's Bush Barracks 

9, 20 2-5-4. 93. 252 
Bilaeiw, Colonel (Russian Army) 
154, 140 
Belfast, 

41-2 5-6. <2 5, 110, 155, 
157-9, 190, 239, 242 
Bolsrium .. . . 135-146 

Benches from Irish House 

of Lords' .. .. 19 

Be^nci I. Dr. Dampter .. 251 
Beresfoi'd Place 

6, 7, 38, 48, 162. 195 

Bcrcren 130-4 

Rfrg : n. Francis. OF. .. 115 
Berlin 14. 129 13S. 9. 140 

Bestick. Sei-t.. P. I.''. •• 135 
B( vvley. Sons, and Co.. Ltd. 

15, 53. 36 

Billeting Bill .. .. 192 

Bird. Major-General .. 106 

Birmingham •• •• 190 

BirrriL Right Tina. August t tie 

(< hief Secretary) 6. 41. 153- 

5-7-8-9. 160-3-6-9. 170-2. 181- 

2-4, 195 6, 201-3-5, 259, 259 

Bishop of Kerry, Romafl 

Catholic 



Biierley, Sec. Lt. Jas. .. 135 ( Cease Fire 
Briiisil Empire — Fight 
Against .. .. 201 

British Bed Cross 230-1-2-3 

British South Africa .. 125 

Bnttas .. .. .. I6y 

Braten, District Ins- 
pector, R.J.C. 135, 140 256 

Brixton Prison .. . . 133 

-Broadmoor Criminal 

i.niutie, Asylum .. 212 

Broadstone Station .. 8, 31 

Bropliy, D. .. .. 32 

Brophy, Michael .. 28, 29 

Brosiiau, Sergt. -Major .. 260 

Brown, Col. .1. S. .. 108 

Browning, Sub-Commandant 
V. JL, LA. V.T.C 22, 58. 260 

Brunswick Street .. 10. 23 

" Brutal Document" .. 124-5 

Bi.vce. Jas.. ex-Chief Sec. 159 

Backhaul, R. .. .. 36 

l!i ckiuuham Street .. 34 

Buckshot .. .. no 

Bullets', Flat-nosed, Split, 

and Reversed .. .. 171 

Burgess, II. (J. .. .. 100 

Burials in Dublin Castle 

G arden .. .. 17 

Burke, -Sergt., B.I.C. .. 40 

Burton, Capt. . . 211 

Butler, Sergt. Jas., B.I.C. 133 

Butt Bridge .. .. 23 

Byrne, Brigadier-General J. A. 

98, 189. 255, 260 

Byrne. Capt. . .. 217 

Byrne, Dr. Fi/rene .. 115 

Byrne, Dr. Louis A. .. 28 

Byrne, Laurence . 208, 220-1 

Byrne, Sir Win. Patrick 

239, 2-19, 260 



Bishop Street .. ..9, 50 

Black Flax .. •• 192 Cabinet. The 42.158,160-1.196 

Blackball Place -. .. 195 Cable Boot Co., Ltd. ..34, 36 

R'.-trkwn'cr .- .. 133 • Cables Cut .. .. 11 

Blake Capt. A. W. .. 100 p;.,ble Stations •• •• 178 

Blake. Sir Henry. 1«KD-1, 259 | Ciihra Road 8. 9. 30. 31 

Blaechardsfnwii Pa'Uvay 

RJown Up and Train 

Wrecked .. •• SI 

RlMfctinsr PwW . .. 179 

Rluehell II M.S. 125. 130-4. 1^0 
Blvthe Frnest 6. 177-1 80 

Bodies Buried in Cellar .. 28 

Bodkin \. IT. .. 128-149 

Bogus Military Order 

6. 170. 203-4, 214 
Bnhermern Barracks .. 113 
Boherrnure .. .. 39 

Boland's Mill and B -leery 

8. 21-4-5. ,42-50 
Bolton Street .. -• 38 

Bombardment of English 

Coast, .. 97, 157 

Bombardment of Liberty Hall 

10, 23-4 
B'>Tn'Mrnr Parties .. .. 94 

V* wrung School .. .. 94 

Bombs 14 5. 110-1-6 9. 208-21 
Booth. B. W. 174. 259 

Bowen-C'ollhnrst. Captain J. C. 
102-8. 207-224. 260 
Bow St. Police Court 128-138 
Royd. Mr. Justice .. 174 

Boxers and Co. '.. .. 35 

Boyle. John F 250 

Bov Seoids. Kingstown .. 101 
Bracken, Sprirf.. M.F P. .. 133 
Btaltan, Constable F.ugene. B.I.C 
99 113. 255, 260 
Bray Carfers of L. and 

N.W Bly 100 

Bray. Mr. Ju'dieo.. .. 1 47 9 

Bravery of Women Civilians 

16. 20 
Broken Hear? nolel ..33 38 

|!*( iituin Miehiel .. 180 

KremuKt, Pie. Joseph .. 138 
Bridge Street .. .. 33-5 8 



Ciihermore 






175 


Cs.rdbeck, Sergt. S 


amuel. 




R.I C. 






126-7 


Cidlagh-'n, J. P. .. 






36 


Caraac R'ver 






26 


Camden Street 






207 


0;-mo!in Station .. 






39 


Campbell, Capt. B. 


E 




118 


CcrrpMI. Sir James 


II ', 




Bart., K.C, M.I 


>. 






173-4, 181, 


206 


260 


Canada. .. 






118 


Panel Street 




7." 28. 


Tapper. General .. 






186 


fa ra mo re 






39 


Oarisbrook House 






20 


Carlnw 






44-5 


Carmelite Order .. 






26 


Carol an. The Misses 




36 


Ca son, Sir R. 








140, 157, 


162, 


210 


Carson. T. 






37 


Carter. Cong Geo., 


R.LC 


134 


Casement, Roger 








7, 40-1-2-4, 128- 


150 16 


2-3-5, 


170-1-2-4 8-9. 192 9. 


204, 


261. 


Castlebelliusham 


109-12. 


152 


Casllpisland 






188 


Castlelyons 






40 


Casllemaine Bav .. 






133 


Casualties— Civilians 




and 




Belt. Is .. 




59 61 


. 261 


Cnsun II ies-P M P. 






57-8 


Casnadios-G R.'s 






5« 


Casualties — Military 






52-6 


Casual! its— R 1-0. 






57 


Catbedial Place . 




10, 


33-5 


Catholic Fmancipaf 


on 




156 



Causes of the Outbreak 197-204 
Causeway .. .. ..130 1-3 

Cavalry .. 9, 44, 93. 179 
Cave Sir Geo. ... 138.149 



11 

Celtic Literary Society .. 192 
Cen.eterios— l) t an's Grange 61 

Cemeteries— Glasuevin .. 59-60 
Cemeteries — Mount Jerome 6u-i 
Censorship . . .. 41.200 

Colli re of Disturbance .. 23 

Chalmers, Sec. Lt. A. D. 

13-4-5, 52 
Chj.Imcrs, Sir Mackenzie 

151-205, 261 
Chalmers, Sir Robert 239, -61 
C Uainberiuin, Sir Neville 

100, 164-8, 205, 261 
Chambers, Jas., K.C, 

M.P 102 8 

Charges of Brutality . 2/"-3 
Charles Street 26, 93-9, 100 
Charleville Road .. .. 30 

Chayfor, II. S. .. .. 101 

Cbaytor. Mrs. Fdith C... 229 
Cheers for the Kaiser .. 193 
Cl.esney, Sec. Lt. .. 127 

C'loylesmoro, Major-Gene- 
ral Lord .. 98, 102-127 
Chimneys. Bodies In .. 46 
China Subscriptions to Be- 
lief Fund .. .. 2 14 

Christ Chinch Plare .. 19S 
"Christmas Gift to Irish 

People" .. .. 6< 

Christmas— Bcturn of Pri- 
soners .. .. .. 69 

Church — Presbyterian . 10-37 
Chinch— Roman Cathork *2. 35 
Oherch Street .. .. 25-7-9 

Circle of SI eel .. .. 13 

Citizen Army 

1. 7, 10. 12, 24, 41-7 9 51 
151, 169. 174 183 191-2 
Citv & Co. P. Building Soc. 35 

Cite and Railway Corps 

(LA V.T.C.) .. .. 22-3 

City Hall 8. 16. 49. 94 

City Hospital. Holies Sr. 237 
C 1 1 -- of Dublin Nursing 

Division .. .. 226 

Citv of Dublin Rrd Cross 230-1 
Civilians. Heroic .. 21. 9 ,J : 

Civilians Shootbitr of 116. 121 
Civil Servants Dismissed . 152 
CT'i'Cv, John J., K.C. 

ALP ^"> 

Clnnev Lieut. .. .. 40 

Cinp-rn-G'ipl 156, 175-6. 201 

Cianwil'iam House .. 21. 38 

Clare County 

44-5, 95. 171, 180-1 
Clarenbridge .'. .. fR 

oi:,rt», C'loi., B.A.M.C... 122 
Clark*, Thomas J. 

1,2. 15 49, 62, 185. 2'V. 
Clark. J. Hubbard .. SP 

Cl.ixlou, Sergt. .. "14-19-20 

Cbnton. County Inspector 

K. M.. B.I.C. 176-7. 255, 2*? 
Oenrv. Cons Jas.. R.LC. 57 

Clerv and Co.. Lid., 

i0. 13. 33-4-6 
Cle'-y Lee.. n nl. Reginald 

F I A V.T.C 22, 58, 262 

Ciffont. The- Misses ■- 40 

OWmel 42 

Hor-skoai-h Castle .. 108 

Ooade, T. J. 

.--9. 208-^-1 VI 6-20-21 23, 262 
Coalition »rove umont .. 157 
Co. Cavnn .. . 2iCi 

Crvi" Dronned by Casement 150-3 
CofTev Constaf'V Daniel, 

D M P. .... 125 
Coho'.m Mosl Rev D-\. 
Assi'.ant S,.C Bishop 
of Cork -. 193-4 

Colbert Collins.. 64-5. 263 
Coldstream guards •• 132 

Coleraine .. .. 182. 190 

Cole's Lane .. .. 53 

Colit-eum^Ti -vdre 1 0. 15 5f 



Meteg at opening at inaex (page XIV.) should be carefully r id. 



XXI. 



SINN 1 FEIN BTCnET.T/ION HANDBOOK. 



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IRISHMEN AND IRISHWOMEN In the name of God and of ihe dead generations 
from which she receives her old tradition of nationhood, Ireland, through us. summons 
her children to her flag and strikes for her freedom. 

Having organised and trained her manhood throwgh her secret revolutionary 
organisation, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and through her open military 
organisations, the Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army, having patiently 
perfected her discipline, having resolutely waited for the right moment iu reveal 
itself, she now seizes that ra-oment. and. supported by her exiled children in America 
and by gallant allies in Europe, but relying in the first on her. own strength, she 
6tnkes in full confidence of victory. 

We declare the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland, and to 
the unfettered control of Irish destinies, to be sovereign and indefeasible. The long 
usurpation 6i that right by a foreign people and government has not extinguished the 
right, nor can u ever be extinguished except by the destruction of the Irish people. La 
every generation the Irish people have asserted their right to national freedom and 
sovereignty . six times during the past three hundred years they have asserted it in 
arms. Standing on that fundamental right and again asserting it in arms in ihe face 
of the world, we hereby proclaim the Irish Republic as a Sovereign Independent State, 
and we pledge cur lives and the lives of our comrades-in-arms 10 the cause of its freedom, 
of its welfare, and of its exaltation among the nations. 

The Irish Republic is entitled to. and hereby claims, the allegiance of every 
Irishman and Irishwoman. The Republic guarantees religious and civil liberty, equal 
rights and equal opportunities to all its citizens, and declares its resolve to pursue 
the happiness and prosperity of the whole nation and of all its parts, cherishing all 
the children of the nation equally, and oblivious of the differences carefully fostered 
by an alien government, which have divided a minority from the majority in the past. 
Until our arms have brought the opportune moment for the establishment of a 
permanent National Government, representative of the whole people of Ireland and 
elected by the suffrages of all her men and women, the Provisional Government, hereby 
constituted, will administer the civil and military affairs of the Republic in trust for 
the people. 

We place the cause of the Irish Republic under tha protection of the Most High Cod, 
Whose blessing we invoke upon our arms, and we pray that no one who serves that 
cause will dishonour it by cowardice, inhumanity, or rapine. In this supreme hour 
the Irish" nation must, by its valour and discipline and by the readiness of its children 
to sacrifice themselves for the common good, prove itself worthyof the august destiny 
to which it is called. 

Signed on Behalf of the Provisional Government, 

THOMAS J. CLARKE. 
SEAN Mac DIARMADA. THOMAS MacDQNAGH. 
P. H. PEARSE. EAMONN CEANNT. 

JAMES CONNOLLY. JOSEPH PLUNKETT. 



Above Is a reproduction of the poster bv which the Irish Republic was declared en 
Monday, 24th April, 1916. The poster, it will be absented, bears no dale. 



The declaration of the Irish Republic 
was made on Easter Monday, 24th 
April, 1916. The Provisional Government 
was composed of the seven men whose 
signatures appeared on the proclamation 
poster, and whose photographs are re- 
produced on this and the following page. 
All the seven were condemned by courts- 
martial, and executed after the rebellion 
had been suppressed. 




fhoto ay} IKeogh Bros. 

THOMAS *• CLARKE, executed on 3rd May. 




fhoto by] [Heooh V,t'>$. 

JOHN McOCRHOTT, exr.cutbd on 12lh May. 



rkolo by] [Lalayetlo. 

1HOMAS MacDONAGH. axeouted on 3rd May. 




Photo by} lhajayelle. 

P. H. PEARSE, "President/' executed on 3rd May. 



Photo Wj iKeogh Bros. 

EDMUND KENT, executed on 8th May. 





mm& \ ^^J 




Photo bul \_La}ayette. 

JAMES CONNOLLY, executed) en 12ttt May. 



JOSEPH PLUNKETT. executed on 4th May. 



In order to prevenj the further slaughter of Rlblir.. 
citizens, and in the hope of saving tho livee of our 
followers now surrounded and hopelessly outnumbered, the 
member b of the Provisional Government present at Head- 
Quartere ha7» agreed to an unconditional surrender, and the 
Coranandants of the various districts in the Citv and Country 
will order their cornmands to lay down arms. 



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Above I* a facsimile reproduction »1 the document signed by Uu rebel leaden on 

surrender. 



4 a 




rovision 




... TO THE ... 

CITIZENS OF DUBLI 

The Provisional Government of the Irish Republic safbtca 
the Citizins of Dublin on the momentous occasion of the 
proclamation of a 

Sovereign Independent Irish State 

now in course of being established by Irishmen in Arms, 
The Republican forces hold the Jines taken up at Twelve 
noon on Easter Morday, and nowhere, despite fierce and almost 
continuous attacks of the British troops, have the lines been 
broken through. The country is rising in answer to Dublin's 
cal), and the final achievement of Ireland's freedom is now, with 
God's help, only a matter of days. The valour, self sacrifice, 
and discipline 'of Irish men and women are about to win for ouf 
country a glorious place among the nations. 

'Ireland's honour has already been redeemed ; it remains to 
vindicate berfwisdom and hci self-control. 

All citizens of Dublin who believe in the tight- of- their 
Country to be free will give theiV allegiance And their loyal help 
So the Irish Republic. There is work for everyone; for the men 
in the righting lint;, and tor the women in the provision of food 
and first aid. Every Irishman. 'and Irishwoman worthy of bhe 
jnarne will come forward to help their common country in' this her 
supreme hour. 

Able bodied Citizens can help by building barricades in the 
streets to oppose the advance of the British troops. The British 
troops have been firing on our women and on our Red Cross, 
On the other hand, Irish Regiments in the British Army have 
refused to. act against their fellow countrymen. 

The Provisional Government hopes that its supporters — 
which means the 'vast bulk of the people of Dublin— will preserve 
order and self-restraint. Such 'looting as has already occurred' 
has been dpne by hangers-on of the British Army. Ireland must 
keep her new honour unsmirched- 

We have lived to see an Irish Republic proclaimed. May 
we live to establish it firmly, and may. our children and our 
children's children • enjoy the happiness and prosperity which 
freedom will bring. 

Signed on behalf of the Provisional Government 

;. . *»• **• PEARS2, 

Commanding in Chkf the Forces of the Irish Republic 
and President of the Provisional Government 

»bove is a retroaction cf tile pester bv wJWt «ie U.:..„j.^-.i s»a.- — « *4Jrese». 

th<; citizer.s of Dublin. 



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Above is a facsimiie reproduc- 
tion of a letter sent by John 
MacNeill from his heme at 
Woodtown Park, Rathfarnham, 
Co. Dublin at 1.20 p.m. on 
Easter Suitiay. 1916. to Com- 
mandant De Valera. 



The following is a copy of another 
letter issued on Easter Sunday, 1916, 
by John MacNeill :— 

Easter Sunday, 
Woodtown Park, 
Rathfarnham, 
Co. Dublin. 
The order to Irish Volunteers 
printed over my name in to day's 
Sunday Independent is hereby 
authenticated. Every influence shouRj 
be used immediately and throughout 
the day to secure faithful execution 
of this order, as any failure to obey 
it maj result in a very grave cata- 
etropV.*, 

Eoin MacNeill. 



THE DARKEST WEEK 

OF DUBLIN. 



AN ORGIE OF FIRE AND SLAUGHTER. 



The story of the Sinn Fein rebellion in 
J)ublin begins a long way behind Easter 
Monday, 24th April, 1916, but for the 
purpose of giving a comprehensive narrative 
of the rising it will suffice to begin with the 
operations on St. Patrick's Day, Friday, 17th 
March. On that date the Dublin Battalions 
of the Irish Volunteers held a field day in 
the city. The different sections paraded in 
the morning at various city churches, and 
later the whole force assembled in College 
Green, where they gave a display of military 
manoeuvres, concluding with a march past 
Mr. John MacNeill. the President (whose 
name was printed Eoin MacNeill in most 
documents issued by the Volunteers), and the 
members of the Executive, who had pre- 
viously inspected th ? men in the ranks. These 
operations lasted from 11 o'clock till one 
o'clock, and for two hours the tram and 
other vehicular traffic was peremptorily sus- 
pended by the volunteers, most of whom 
carried rifles and bayonets, and whose num- 
bers on that occasion were estimated at 
2,000. While the inspection was in progress 
the pipe bands of the 2nd and 3rd Battalions 
discoursed music, and among the large crowd 
of spectators leaflets were distributed con- 
taining " Twenty plain facta for Irishmen." 

The following are extracts : — 

" It is the natural right of the people of 
every nation to have the free control of their 
own national affairs, and any body of the 
people is entitled to assert that right in the 
name of the people." 

"The Irish people have not the free con- 
trol of their own national affairs." 

"Some of the Irish people do desire that 
freedom, and r.re entitled to assert the right 
of the nation." 

'' The Irish Volunteers (under the presi- 



dency of Eoin MacNeill) are pledged to the 
cause of the freedom of Ireland." 

"In raising, training, arming, and equip- 
ping the Irish Volunteers as a military body, 
the men of Ireland are acquiring the power 
to obtain the freedom of the Irish Nation." 

" It is the duty of every Irishman who de- 
sires for his 'country her natural right of free- 
dom and for himself the natural right of a 
freeman, to be an Irish Volunteer." 

This demonstration in the centre of DubHn 
on St. Patrick's Day was the first time the 
Irish Volunteers had taken aggressive action 
in daylight, but on several occasions pre- 
viously they had conducted night manoeuvres 
and practised street fighting in open spaces, 
generally between Saturday night and Sunday 
morning, and one night their operations con- 
sisted of manoeuvring around the entrances to 
Dublin Castle. The police on each occasion 
were eye-witnesses of the operations, but did 
not interfere with the movement of the Volun- 
teers. 

THE AF?RAY AT TULLAMORE. 

While the proceedings in Dublin on St. 
Patrick's Day were still a matter of public 
comment, a new development occurred at 
Tullamore on Monday evening, 20th March. 
Ill-feeling which had been smouldering in 
the town for some time against the Sinn Fein 
Volunteers was m-nifested at a hurling match 
in aid of the Wolfe Tone memorial on Sunday, 
19th March, when a spectator attempted to 
remove a flag from one of the Sinn Feiners, 
who, it was alleged, retaliated by drawing a 
revolver. The feeling was accentuated the 
following morning, Monday, 20th, at Tulla- 
more Railway Station, where a number of 
women were taking leave of their husbands, 
who are serving in the Leiiwter Regiment. 
A body of Sinu Fein Volunteers who aj>- 



peared on the platform were then the object filthy epithets at him, and one man spat at 

of n hostile demonstration. These incidents bjm through the window. Other soldiers, he 

culminated in a shooting affray in the Sinn added, were jostled and insulted by the crowd: 
Fein Hall in William street the same evening. 

A number of children carrying a Union Jack _ _, , "'f ? 6 ° F * RM f\, „ . . 
eang 6 nn 2 s in front of the hall; the crowd On Sunday, 9th April, the DM. P. seized a, 
soon swelled, and amid boohin- and cheering motor car in College Green, and found it eon- 
stone-throwing began, and the windows of tamed a quantity of snot guns, revolvers, 
the hall were smashed. The volunteers in- bayonets, and ammunition, which wrs being 
side retaliated bv firmer revolvers, and a large conveyed to Wexford. I wo men in the car, 
force of police proceeded to eeauh the hall '* ho were identified as Sum rem Volunteers 
for arms. A general melee then took place, from terns, were afterwards sentenced to 
revolvers were fired at the police, an J several three months imprisonment. 
of them injured. Ultimately several men were The same day a parade of the Sinn Fein 
arrested and charged next morning with hav- Volunteers 'tool* place through the streets of 
incr fired a t an i attacked with intent to Dublin 'y way of protest against the deporta- 
murder County Inspector Crane, District In- tion to England of two organisers, Ernest 
spector Fitzgerald, Head Constable Stuart Blv, .e and William MeHowes. About 1.3G0 
and Sergeant Ahem. Subsequently another took part in the proceedings. When the pro- 
batch of volunteers were arrested, and remands cession was passing through St. Steuben's 
were granted several times, as Sergeant Green a tram driver attempted to take his 
Ahem was unable to appear, he having been vehicle through between two companies, and 
seriously injured and conveyed to Steevens' sounded his gong by way of warning A cyclist 
Hospital, Dublin. The case of these pri- in Volunteer uniform placed iiis machine io 
soners is dealt with in the portion of this book front, of the trfim, placed his hand upon h s 
recording the Courts-martial. revolver, and dared the driver to proceed. 

The tram man at once stopped until the whole 

THE MANSION HOUSE MEETING. . precision had passed. 

On Thursdav, 30tn March, at the Mansion r ^ 
House, Dublin! a largely-attended meeting was MR JUSTICE KENNY'S REMARKS. 
held, under the presidency of Alderman Corri- On the following Tuesday, Anril 11th, 
gan, for the purpose of protesting against _a ' Mr. Justice Kenny, in opening t' e pro- 
recent order for the deportation of certain ceedings of the Commission for the City of 
organisers of the Irish Volunteers. The prin- Dublin, referred to a propaganda in the city 
oipal speakers were Mr. John M'Neill, Presi- of an openly seditions character which set ail 
dent of the Irish Volunteers, and two Roman authority at defiance, and seemed to be 
Catholic clergymen. The speeches were of a started in order to counteract the recruiting 
strong character, and during the proceedings" movement. They had, he said, read uf the 
a collection was made amongst the audience poh.e, in the execution of their duty, being 
for the defence of the organisers. The fol- met and repulsed by men armed with rifle and 
lowinfr resolution was adopted unanimously : — bayonet, and of street disturbance in which 
"This public meeting of Dublin citizens in the firearms appeared to be freely used. What 
Mansion House. Dublin, asks all Irish people he regarded as the most serious attempt to 
to join iir opposing the Government's attempt, paralyse recruiting was the display of largo 
unanimously condemned bv national opinion posters, such as, "England's Last Ditch" 
last vear, and now renewed; Io send Irishmen and "The Pretence of the Realm Act," which 
into banishment from Ireland." must necessarily have a most mischievous and 

After the meeting, a number of persons who deterrent influence on certain classes of the 
had attended it marched through the streets, population. He called attention to it because 
and revolver shots were fired in Grafton street, continuance of that state of tilings must have 
and opposite the Provost's house at Trinity a tendency to create incalculable mischief. 
College. One of the revolver shots pierced a In the House of Commons tho same day, 
pocket in the overcoat of Inspector C irretb, Mr. Augustine Birrell, Chief Secretary, reply- 
D.Al.P. A young man who was arrested and ing to Major Newman, said that it would be 
charged with being a member of a disorderly contrary to public interest to disclose t lie 
crowd and breaking a lamp in a motor car, information in possession of the Irish Govern- 
was fined 5s. and 5s. costs, and ordered to ment concerning the Irish Volunteers, or the 
find £1 bail, the alternative being seven days C0U rse of action proposed to he followed in 
in prison. The following night, March 31st dealing with them. The activities of this 
a public meeting at Bere'sford [dace, presided organisation, however, were receiving tho 
over by Alderman T. Kelly, endorsed the dosest atte ntion. 
resolution passed at the Mansion House meet- 
ing the previous night. In view of subsequent A BOGUS SECRET ORDER. 

it i orthv of note here that Mr. A meeting of the Dnl.lln Corporation on 

Kheeby Skeffingtoii was .me of the speakers at Wednesday, 19th April, afforded the next 

the Beresford place meeting. Sinn Fein sensation. During a discussion of 

WOUNDED IRISH FUSIL. ER SPAT UPON. th ? police rate Alderman T Kelly read the 

An lush Fusilier, who had ben wounded at following, document, "hich, he paid had 

Suvla Bay. wrote to the I ruh Times on 31st been furnished by Mr. Little, editor of New 

March, that while driving in a cab along Ireland: 

Gialton street the previous night some of the "The following precautionary measures 

men from the Mausiou House meeting hurled have been sanctioned by tho Irish Olliie oa 



the reci. m :nei dat on of the General Officer 
Commanding the Forces in Ireland. All pre- 
parations: will be made to put these measures 
ii force immediately on receipt of an Order 
issued from the Chief Secretary's Office, Dub- 
lin Castle, and signed by the Under Secretary 
and the General Officer Commanding the 
Forces in Ireland. First, the following per- 
sons to be placed under arrest: — All members 
of the Sinn Fein National Council, the Central 
Exf.-ntive Irish Sinn Fein Volunteers, Gene- 
ral Council Irish Sinn Fein Volunteers, 
( oiinty Board Irish Sinn Fein Volunteers, 
Executive Committee National Volunteers, 
Coisde Gnota Committee Gaelic League. See 
list A 3 and 4 and supplementary list A 2. 
Metropolitan Police and Royal Irish 
Constabulary forces in Dublin Citv will be 
confined to barracks under the direction of 
the Competent Military Authority. An 
order will be issued to inhabitants of city to 
remain in their houses until such tim 3 as the 
Competent Military Authority may otherwise 
direct or permit. Pickets chosen from units 
of Territorial Forces will be placed at all 
points marked on Maps 3 and 4. Accom- 
panying mounted patrols will continuously 
visit all points and report e\ery hour. The 
following premises will be occupied by ade- 
quate forces, and all necessary measures used 
without need of reference to Headquarters. 
First, premises known as Liberty Hall, 
Beresford place; No. 6 Harcourt street, Sinn 
Fein Building; No. 2 Dawson street, Head- 
quarters Volunteers ; No. 12 D'Olier street, 
"Nationality" office; No. 25 Rutland square, 
Gaelic League Office ; No. 41 Rutland square, 
Foresters' Hall; Sinn Fein Volunteer pre- 
mises in city ; all National Volunteer -"re- 
mises in the city ; Trades Council Premises, 
Capel street: S.nrrev House. Lei^ster road, 
Rathmines. THE FOLLOWING PREMISES 
WILL BE ISOLATED, AND AIL COMMU= 
NIC » Tiro, \ TO AR FROM PREVENTED:— 
PREMISES KNOWN AS ARCHBISHOP'S 
HOUSE, DRL'MCONDRV; MANSION 
HOUSE, DAWSON STREET; No. 40 Her- 
bert Park; Larkfield, Rim mage road; Wood- 
trwn Park, Bnllvbodcn ; Saint Enda's College, 
Hermitage. Rathfarnham : and in addition 
premises in list 5 D, see Maps 3 and 4." 

Alderman Kelly said he took the responsi- 
bility of reading the document in discharge 
of his public duty. If they wanted this class 
of thing, of course there was no help for it, 
but he and those associated with him would 
do everything they could to see that discre- 
tion and moderation would remain. 

"AN ABSOLUTE FABRICATION." 

The military authorities in Dublin the same 
night stated that the foregoing document read 
by Alderman Kelly at the Corporation meeting 
was "an absolute fabrication from beginning 
to end, and does not contain a word of 
truth." 



munition and three mysterious strangers had 
come ashore in that district, and that the 
Sinn Fein Volunteers had been specially 
mobilised the previous evening. Two arrests, 
which caused a considerable sensation in the 
town, were made the same night. News was 
also received from Tralee of a mysterious 
motor car which had taken a wrong 'turning, 
and dashed over Bailykissane quay into the 
River Laune. The chauffeur escaped, but three 
passengers in the car were drowned. The 
bodies of two of the passengers were recovered 
on Saturday evening, 22nd April, and on them 
was found revolvers and ammunition and Sinn 
Fein badges. These events were associated 
in the public mind with the following an- 
nouncement, which was made by the Press 
Bureau but not until Monday evening, 24th 
April, at 10.25 p.m. :— 

CAPTURE OF SIR ROGER CASEMENT. 

The Secretary of the Admiralty announces— 
During the period between p.m. April 
20 and p.m. April 21 an attempt to land 
arms and ammunition in Ireland was 
made by a vessel under the guise of a 
neutral merchant ship, but in reality a 
German auxiliary, in conjunction with a 
German submarine. The auxiliary sank, 
and a number of prisoners were made, 
amongst whom was Sir Roger Casement. 

MANOEUVRES CANCELLED. 

It was known that the Sinn Fein VoLmteers 
■were to hold Easter manoeuvres, which were 
to be taken part in by all the branches of the 
organisation in Ireland. These were unex- 
pectedly cancelled in the following announce- 
ment signed by Mr. Eoin MacNeill on Satur- 
day night, 22nd April, and published in the 
Sunday papers the following morning : — 

"Owing to the very critical position, all 
orders given to Irish Volunteers for to-morrow 
Easter Sunday, are hereby rescinded, and no" 
parades, marches, or other movements of 
Irish Volunteers will take place. Each in- 
dividual Vounteer will obey this oider strictly 
in every particular." 

With this announcement Mr. MacNeill 
ceased to take any public part h. v.ie pro- 
ceedings of the Volunteers. 



GERMAN ATTEMPT TO LAND ARMS, 
On Saturday 22nd April, it was reported 
irom Tralee that a collapsible boat with am- 



THE STORM BREAKS. 

On Easter Monday, 24th April, 1916, at 
noon, the storm burst in Dublin, and for' the 
following six days the city and the suburbs 
were the scene of grave loss of liTe and de- 
struction of property. The Irish (or Sinn 
Fein) Volunteers organised the revolution 
and with the Citizen Army, Hibernian Rifles, 
and other bodies carried it out. The object 
of the movement, as stated in a proclamation 
(printed in full on page 1), issued on the day 
•of the outbreak, was to "proclaim an Irish 
Republic as a Sovereign Independent State " 

Preparations for the insurrection had been 
active for months previously ; large quantities of 
arms and ammunition wore known to have ar- 
rived in Dublin, and an unusual activity in 



6 



the way of "bluffing" 'the police had been 
going on. "Let sleeping dogs lie," was the 
policy of the Executive authority, and no 
visible effort was made to deal with the 
situation that was developing in the city. 
Then came Easter Monday, when the minds 
of most people were directed to holiday-mak- 
ing. No one took more than a passing in- 
terest in the Sinn Fein Volunteers as they 
passed along the streets in twos and threes to 
their appointed positions. Twelve o'clock in 
the day was the hour fixed for the beginning 
of the operations, and at that time or shortly 
afterwards bodies of armed Sinn Feiners 
quietly entered the buildings to which they 
bad been assigned, turned out the occupants, 
and took possession. Anyone who resisted 
was promptly shot. In this way the principal 
buildings in the city were captured, and the 
rebels at once set about erecting barricades, 
and taking precautions against attack. 
THE CENTRAL FORTRESS. 

The General Post Office in Sackville street 
proved to be the central fortress of the 
rebels It was here that P. H. Pearse, the 
" Commandant-in-Chief of the Army of the 
Republic and President of the Provisional 
Government." made his headquarters and 
issued his orders. All corner houses com- 
manding the approaches were garrisoned with 
snipers, who were hidden behind sandbags. 
Kelly's ammunition shop at the corner of 
Bachelor's Walk, and Hopkins's jewellery shop 
at the comer of Eden quay, were held in this 
way in great strength. Other houses on each 
fide of I ewer Sackville street, and particularly 
those at the four corners of Abbev street, were 
garrisoned in like manner, and then the work 
of provisioning the various garrisons having 
the Post Office as their centie was activelv 
proceeded with, every variety of foodstuffs 
being commandeered at the point of the 
bayonet. \'l the telegraphic wires were cut, 
thus i^oiai mht the city from the rest of the 
country. The failure of the Vohmteers to 
He:?e t lie Telephone Exchange ; r> Crown Allev 
proved a "rest advantage to the military in 
dealing with the insurgents. 

I'he ni'iicef" In 2- at St. Stephen's Oreen Park 
vas somewhat similar. .At middav small 
groups of Sinn Fein Vn] nnteers were standing 
about the entrance gates, and at a given 
signal they quietly walked inside, closed the 
gates, posted armed guards at them, and then 
get about clearing all civilians out of the Park. 
In half an hour the Park was cleared of non- 
combatants. The next move of the rebels 
was to take possession of a number of houses 
commanding the approaches, and amongst the 
olaces occupied were the Royal College of 
Burgeons at the corner of York street, and 
Little's publicbonse at the corner of Cuffe 
street. The houses at other points were not 
so advantageously situated, but numerous 
snipers were placed in them. 

ATTEMPT ON DUBLIN CASTLE. 

Dublin Castle, the headquarters of the Irish 
Executive, was attai ked by a handful of 
Volunteers, and had any force of Sinn Feiners 
joined in the attack they would almost cer- 
tainly have captured the Castle, as Ultra 



were only a few soldiers on duty. A policeman 
on duty at the Upper Castle Yard was shot in 
cold blood, but the few soldiers came to the 
rescue and the invaders were driven off. Oth-^r 
bodies of rebels succeeded in taking possession 
of buildings overlooking the approaches to *he 
Upper Castle Yard. In this way the offices cl 
the Daily Express and Evening Mail were 
entered, and the staff were turned out at tha 
point of the bayonet. The Citv Hall, the 
rear of which commands the offices of the 
Chief Secretary's Department, the Prisons 
Board, and other Government offices, was also 
filled with snipers. 

Simultaneously with these incidents, 
attempts were made to occupy the railway 
termini in the city. Westland row Station 
and Harcourt street Station were early in 
the possession of. the rebels, and the 
rails on the Kingstown line were 
torn up at Lansdowme road. The Har- 
court street Station was found unsuitaole 
for defence, and was abandoned at tnree 
o'clock in the afternoon. Abortive attempts 
were made to secure Amiens street Terminus, 
Kingsbrid'ge Terminus, and Broadstone 
Terminus. Where they did not succeed 
in occupying the stations the rebels ei'-'ier 
attempted to blow up railway bridges or cut 
the lines, and nearly all the train communica- 
tion with the city was stopped for a week. 
WATCHING THE MILITARY. 

All the points in the city which were 
considered of strategical importance Laving 
been occupied by the rebels, their plans vne 
further developed by the taking possession 
of positions controlling the approaches fiom 
military barracks. The Four Courts v c re 
early in their hands, and men were rested 
all over the building to attack troops wh.ch 
might approach along the quays from the 
direction of the I'hcenix Park. The Four 
Courts Hotel, which adjoins the Courts, 
was garrisoned. On the bridges over tbe rail- 
way on the North Circular road and Cabra 
road strong barricades were erected. Liberty 
Hall was strongly held by the rebels, but the 
Custom House was left unmolested. Across the 
liver-, on the south side, Bolnnd's Mill was 
fortified in every possible manner, and con- 
stituted a stronghold of great strategical 
impoitance. Round by Northumberland 
road. Pembroke road, and Lansdovvne road 
private houses were occupied and garrisoned 
to lesist the approach of reinforcements for 
the military from the Kingstown direction. 

Portobello Bridge, which commands the 
approach to the city from the military 
barracks at that place, was the scene of a 
short, but severe fight, shortly after midday 
on Monday. The rebels had taken possession of 
Davy's puHichouse, which is close to the 
bridge and faces the barracks. Their presence 
was disclosed at an early stage by an attempt 
to capture an officer who happened to be 
passing over the bridge. He fortunately 
escaped and gave the alarm. A small num- 
ber of soldiers was turned out at once, but 
was unable to dislodge the rebels. 
Strong reinforcements were sent out, and 
after a short and sharp fight the publio- 



h 



ouse was carried, and the military remained 
in possession afterwards. 

A WORKHOUSE AS FORT. 
At more remote places in the Southern 
suburbs rebels had taken up positions of 
defence, but strong cavalry patrols hunted 
them from point to point, and finally dis- 
persed them, though not until many of the 
soldiers had been wounded. The South 
Dublin Union in James's street and a dis- 
tillery in Marrowbone lane were two other 
|strong points in the Sinn Fein plan. The 
iworkhouse was attacked by the military on 
Monday, and after a stiff fight, during which 
many casualties occurred on both sides, the 
[remnant of the rebel garrison was driven 
[into one part of the premises, where they 
maintained their struggle until Sunday. 
I Jacob's Biscuit Factory in Bishop 



street, though it does rot occunv 

i strategical position of any importance, waa 

filled with foodstuffs of various ^ascriptions, 

and probably in this respect it was deemed 

necessary to instal in it a large garrison, so 

as to make certain that supplies would be 

ivailable for the rebels ii other places. If 

this was the idea it never had the slightest 

glance of succeeding, as the lactory . was 

:arly in the week surrounded by a military 

ordon. 

The foregoing are outlines of the position 

m the evening of the first dav 

>f the rebellion. Several instances of 

ion combatants being shot by Sinn Feiners 

,ook place during the day in various 

jarts of the city. The most shocking was 

he shooting down cf several members of the 

Veterans Corps on Haddington road. A 

arge muster of this corps had gone out on 

i route march to Ticknock, and when they 

vere returning in the afternoon to their 

ipadquarters at Beggar's Bush Barracka 

hey were ambushed in Haddington road by 

t bodv of Sinn Feiners. who poured volleys 

if rifle shots into the ranks of the defenceless 

Veterans. Five were fatally, and many 

rthers seriously, wounded. The rest of the 

Veterans got to their barracks, where they 

lad to remain until the following week. 

LOOTING. 

On learning that several of his men had 

>een shot by the rebels, the Chief Commis- 

ioner of the Dublin Metropolitan Police 

irdered the withdrawal from the streets of 

he entire uniformed force within an hour or 

wo of the outbreak. The " underworld " 

>f the city quickly realised their oppor- 

unity, and first tackled the shops in 

jower Sackville street. The windows were 

mashed, and hordes of people crowded 

nto the shops, returning with bundles of 

vearing apparel of all descriptions. Nob- 

ett's, at the corner of Earl street, and 

jemon's, in Lower Sackville street, were 

it-l'js for the younger section of the roughs, 

vho made merry with boxes of chcolates, 

weets, etc., all the afternoon. The'" * hers 

vcre also centres of great activity, then 

laving exhausted Lower Sackville ;. .oi the 



crowd swept round into Earl street and Henry 
street, where they found an abundance and 
variety that suited every taste. Boys and 
girls were swaggering about, dressed in the 
most fantastic apparel, and all had their arms 
full of mechanical and other toys, hockey and 
golf sticks, and all kinds of articles used ia 
popular pastimes. 

MILITARY REINFORCEMENTS. 

All through Monday night the military 
were hastily summoning reinforcements from 
the Curraga, Belfast, and England, end on 
Tuesday, April 25, these forces began to 
arrive in the city. Almost in every ir.stance 
the soldiers could only be conveyed ro witim 
five or six miles of Dublin owing fo the in- 
terruption of the railway communications, and 
the men had a long and exhausting march, 
carrying their full equipment, before they 
arrived at the barracks to which they had 
been posted. On the way they were sniped 
at by Sinn Feiners, and had to be continually 
on the alert to repel attack. 

Meanwhile the available forces of the Crown 
had been engaged all Tuesday morning in 
conflict with the entrenched rebels, and many 
fiercely-contested engagements took place. At 
daybreak troops were posted in houses over- 
looking St. Stephen's Green Park, and a rak- 
ing fire was sprayed from machine guns all 
over the Park, while soldiers picked off every 
rebel who showed himself. They still, how- 
ever, managed to hold the Park 
in much reduced numbers. Another 
body of troops surrounded Cork Hill, 
and a fierce struggle took place for the 
possession of the' Daihi Express building. 
Artillery was brought ink, play, and prepared 
the way for a charge. This was carried out 
in crallant style by a detachment of the 5th 
Royal Dublin Fusiliers, under Second Lieu- 
tenant F. O'Neill, a terrible fight taking plape 
on the only staircase leading to the upper 
rooms. Many casualties took place at (his 
stage. The military ultimately carried the 
position, and either killed or captured the 
garrison. 

ARTILLERY AT WORK. 
Later on iues>uay the positions occupied 
near Phibsborougn were attacked. The barri- 
cades erected at the railway bridges on the 
North Circular and Cabra ro;.ds were 
destroyed by gun fire, about forty casualties 
being reported and one hundred prisoners se- 
cured. These operations resulted in the 
whole of the North Circular road being in the 
hands of the military ; the Sinn Feiners who 
escaped it ran for shelter in the direction 
of Glasnevin Cemetery. The military net was 
then drawn closer on the city from the North 
side, but no attempt was r ade that day to 
attack the rebels in their central "fortresses." 
More looting took place in the streets in 
the vicinity of Nelson's Pillar. Messrs. Law- 
rence's large photographic and toy emporium 
in Upper Sackville street was one of the prin- 
cipal places cleared. The crowd of looters 
had matters all their own way for hours, 
and revelled in the destruction of the pro* 



10 



perty. Some exciting scenes were -witnessed 
when the fireworks were brought out and ex- 
ploded. Rockets ru«hed up in the air and 
burst with a sound like a cannon, and all the 
smaller sorts of fireworks were thrown whiz- 
zing about amongst the crowd. Finally the 
premises were set on fire and burned to iae 
ground. 

MARTIAL LAW PROCLAIMED. 
Martial Law was proclaimed in Dublin City 
and County on Tuesday night, 25th April. 
On Wednesday, 26th, the position of 
affairs was worse than before. The Sinn 
Feiners had been driven to the wall, and were 
fighting witli desperation. More troops, with 
artillery, were continually arriving in the city, 
and after a short rest they were brought into' 
action, but they had to fight for every foot of 
ground they gained. For the most part it was 
an unseen foe with whom they had to contend. 
At eight o'clock on Wednesday morning the 
Admiralty steamer Helga came up the Liffey, 
and bombarded Liberty Hall, the headquarters 
of the Citizen Army. Owing to the Loop 
Line Bridge intervening between the ship and 
Liberty Hall direct firing could not be 
brought to bear upon the building. The ship's 
gunners, however, dropped shells on the hall, 
the roof and interior of which were destroyed 
by bursting shells, but the outer shell of the 
house was not much injured by fire. Tho 
garrison escaped before the bombardment com- 
menced. Artillery brought from Trinity 
College into Tara street also shelled Liberty 
Hall. 

By the afternoon of Wednesday the military 
were in possession of Brunswick street, and 
nil the district between that thoroughfare and 
the river and right up to D'Oiier street. Sen- 
tries were placed at the entrance of a lane 
leading from D'Oiier street to the Theatre 
Royal. The soldier.-- had not bee) 1 , long there 
befure one of the snipers in Kelly's shop at 
the corner of Bachelor's Walk shot one of 
them dead. The military then brought a nine- 
pounder ffiw into position at Trinity College, 
fanner D'Oiier street. and bombarded 
Kelly's comer. The appearance of artillery 
and the bombardment greatly alarmed the 
people who reside in the immediate vicinity. 
Kelly's shop was riddled with shot, and the 
garrison had to evacuate the position. One 
peculiar effect of the gunfire was noticed 
afterwards. A shell struck an electric light 
standard at the corner, and bored a hole clean 
through the metal without bringing down 
flie standard. Looting continued in the back 
streets all Wednesday, and in the evening 
Eeveral houses were set on fire. 

THE GREAT CONFLAGRATION. 
Bad as the previous day had been, the 
crisis reached its climax on Thursday and 
Friday. Artillery was brought into play at 
every point, and the air reverberated with 
nerve-wracking explosives. All day long the 
bombardment continued unceasingly, and each 
night the centre of the city was illuminated 
with great, conflagrations. The Hotel Metro- 
pole and all that block of buildings for a long 
distance into Middle . Abbey street were 



burned down, including the Freeman's Jour- 
nal a d Evening Telegraph offices, Messrs. 
Easons, Messrs. Manfields, and Messrs. Thorn's 
printing establishment. Then the General 
Post 0ffic3 was given to the flames, and was 
destroyed — only the bare walls of this fine 
building remain. This particular fire ex- 
tended down Henry street as far as the Urge 
warehouse of Messrs. Arnott and Co., which 
remained intact, but was flooded with water. 
The Coliseum Theatre was also destroyed. 

On the opposite side of Sackville street all 
the shops were burned down from Hop- 
kins's corner at O'Connell Bridge right up to 
the Tramway Company's offices at Cathedral 
street. The fire extended backwards, and en- 
veloped and destroyed almost all the houses 
between Eden quay and Lower Abbey street, 
down to Marlborough street. These included 
the premises of the Royal Hbernian Aca-> 
demy, with its valuable collection of pictures, 
and the offices of the Irish Cyclist, while en 
the opposite side of Lower Abbpy street the 
branch of the Hibernian Bank, Mooney'g 
publichouse, "the Ship" publichouse, and Union 
Chapel were consumed in the flames. Round 
in Sackville street the scarred skeletons of 
the D.B.C. restaurant and Clery's Warehouse 
remained like sentinels in the midst of a scene 
of desolation that beggars description. The 
only bit of Lower Sackville street left is the 
block of shops from EIv«ry's Elephant House 
to O'Connell Bridge on the right-hand side 
looking from the Piltar. The two corner 
houses on this block, however, Were seriously 
damaged, the one bv artillery and the other 
(occupied bv the Y.M.C-A. as a soldiers' 
supper room), by. fire. 

The whole of Sackville street, from the 
Pillnr to O'Connell Bridge, was thickly strewn 
with debri*. 

The world famous O'Connell Statue is but 
litt'e iniured. Several of the figures have been 
pitted with bullets, and the figure of the 
Liberator served as a billet for many bullets, 
one of them drilling a hole just over the right 

side. — ■ — - 

COLUPSE «F TUP REBELLION. 
On Saturday 29th April, P. H. Pearse. of 
St. Enda's College, Rathfarnham. one of the 
leaders of the rebels, who had been described 
as the 'President" of 'he Irish Republic, 
surrendered on their behalf to General Lowe 
at the Headquarters of the Military Command 
at Parkgate. 

UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER. 
The following is a copy of the document 
signed by Pearse : — 

In order to prevent further slaughter 
of unarmed people and in the hope of 
saving the lives of our followers, now sur- 
rounded and hopelessly outnumbered, 
members of the Provisional Government 
at present at headquarters have agreed 
to unconditional surrender, and the com- 
manders of all units of the republican 
forces will order their followers to lay 
down their arms. 

(Signed) P. H. Pkarsb. 

29th day of April, 1916. ... 



n 



I agree to these conditions for the men 
orilv under my own command in the 
Moore street district, and for the men in 
the Stephen's Green Command. 
April 29th, 19] 6. James Connolly. 

On consultation with Commandant 
Cennnt and other officers, I have decided 
to agree to unconditional surrender also. 
Thomas MacDonagh. 
CEASE FiRE. 
It was close on 4 o'clock on Saturday, Anril 
29th, when unexpectedly the order was given 
to the troops in the centre of tht city to cease 
hre, and shortly afterwards it was Officially 
announced that the rebel forces who held the 
General Post Office h~J decided to surrender 
unconditionally. What the "'cease fire" im- 
parted had been interpreted differently by 
different people and there was a general feel- 
ing of uncertainty on the point until the offi- 
cial statement lifted the matter out of the 
region of conjecture. 

Courtsmartial were constituted. and the 
trials of the prisoners were proceeded with 
daily, until the principals had been sentenced, 
some to death, others to varying periods of 
penal servitude or imprisonment, while a 
large number of persons were arrested and 
deported to England. 

Those who were sentenced to long terms 
•)f imprisonment and penal servitude were ul- 
timately set free by the Government 
granting a general amnesty in June, 1917 (see 
page 277), in preparation for the assembling 
of a Convention of Irishmen to devise a new 
constitution for the country. 

A SCENE OF DESOLATION. 
The revolution having enaed, the 
streets in the central parts oE the 
city on Monday became comparatively 
safe during daylight, the citizens displayed 
great anxiety to see for themselves some of the 
damage that had been done. Residents outside 
the military cordon on the North side of the 
city wfre rigorously excluded from passing 
through, and on the South side a similar re- 
striction, but not quite so strict, was : n force. 
Those who lived within the cordon " ere in no 
way hindered from moving about and view- 
ing the wreck of their on'-e fine city. 
Tin spectators appeared as if spell- 
bound when thev came into view of 
Sackville street, Here ana there a cloud ol 
smoke rose from a smouldering ruin. Only a 
few blackened walls remained of the whole 
range of business houses on one side of the^ 
street between Nelson's Pillar and O'Connell 
Bridge. On the other side of the street 
only the walls of the General Post Office re- 
mained, the Hotel Metropole was gone, and all 
the other business places from that point 
down to Elvery's Elephant House were de- 
stroyed. 

CITY AGAIN NORMAL. 
By Wednesday, 3rd May, there were in- 
dications in almost every district 
that Dublin was returning to its 
normal condition. Shopa and offices 
were opened in every street, and 
business seemed to be proceeding in the 
osual way. Except at a few points where 
*' snipers 5 ' and suspected peisons were sup- 



posed to be concealed in private houses 
there were very few soldiers on the streets, 
which were once more under the control of 
the Metropolitan Police. There were wel- 
come signs of an improved condition of life 
mi Dublin, and of returning activity in the 
"arious departments of business and com- 
merce. Tram and train services were gradually 
extended, and the authorities urged employe* 
and workers in all occupations to return to 
work. 



THE SEIZURE OF THE GENERAL POST 
OFFICE. 

It was just at noon on Easter Monday, when 
Sackville street presented the normal 
Bank Holiday appearance, with closed 
shops and a sprinkling of people walk- 
ing along the footways, a party 
of armed men, some in uniform 
and some in mufti, came along 
at a brisk pace up Lower Abbey street, and 
wheeled to the right. When they arrived 
opposite the front entrance to the Post Office 
the order to halt was given. and 
the party, numbering at that time 
about sixty, rushed into the public 
office They shouted wildly, and fired 
about twenty levolver shots, without hitting 
anyone. They ordered the clerks in the 
different departments all round to put up 
their hands, and leave the place with all 
possible haste. Among those who had to 
submit to the " hands up" order was a fine 
specimen of the Dublin Metropolitan Police 
who was on duty. The invaders jumped 
over the counters, and took possession of the 
whole place. Some of the clerks were not 
allowed time even to take their hats and 
their coats, and as they were pushed about 
they were told that they ought to 
be thankful to be allowed to escape 
with their lives. There were at 

that time about twenty or thirty members 
of the general public in the office, engaged 
in purchasing stamps, writing letters at the 
centre tables, or transacting some other 
business such- as is of daily occurrence. 
These people were simply dumbfounded at 
what they saw and heard, and, in fact, were 
very much frightened, indeed, by the re- 
volver firing. They naturally left the place 
as quickly as they could. The public offices 
on the ground floor having been in this 
unceremonious way taken possession of by the 
Volunteers, and an armed sentry placed at 
the door to exclude the public, a party pro- 
ceeded throughout the building, and took 
possession of the sorting rooms, parcels rooms, 
telegraph and telephones. 

TELEGRAPH WIRES CUT. 

The staffs in these departments surrendered 
at discretion, and gave place to the 
rebels. They could do nothing else. The 
telegraph cables to England and Scotland 
were cut at 12.20, so that Ireland was com- 
pletely cut off from communication 
with Great Britain. Everything in 
the place was turned topsy-turvy. 
Not a whole pane of glass was left in any of 
the windows on the ground floor from the 



12 



Henry street side round to Prince's street. Up 
against these glassless windows chairs, stools, 
mail sacks, etc., were piled in the form of * 
rough and ready barricade. The noise of 
the glass falling upon the pavement attracted 
the attention of the people in the street, who 
at first could not understand the apparently 
wanton destruction of property. But they 
were quicklj given to understand that serious 
business war afoot, for a volley of rifle 
shot* fired through the vacant windows 
sent the hitherto listless pedestrians scamper- 
ing at full speed in all directions. " Lord 
save us," cried a few old women as they 
hurried away from the scene, " it's the 
Citizen Army, and they have taken tha Post 
Office." And so the first act in this latest 
of Irish rebellions was performed. 

Meanwhile other parties of the revolu- 
tionists were not idle, for the noise of 
fusillading was heard from other parts of the 
city, notably from Dublin Castle. Excite- 
ment grew intense, and women and children 
who were out for the holiday found them- 
selves cut off from the means of getting to 
their homes. The tramcar service was sus- 
pended at one o'clock, and all the cars were 
sent to their depots. One large car was per- 
force kept at tfee entrance to North 
Earl street as a sort of street 
barricade. Al 1 the public-houses within 
a certain distance of the Post Office were 
closed, and trembling spectators gathered on 
0"Connell Bridge and at the corners of West- 
morel?"- 1 street and D'Olier street, expecting 
every moment to see the military coming 
^rom one direction or another 

LANCERS ATTACKED. 

Shortly after the trouble began a troop 
of lancers came along from the direction of 
the North Wall, escorting four or five 
waggons of munitions which were being con- 
veyed to the magazine in the Phosuix Park. 
They crossed from the Eden quay side of 
Sackville street, and passed up Bachelor's 
Walk, knowing nothing of what was happen- 
ing in the neighbourhood. A number of them 
subsequently returned to the city. 
and came into Sackvdje street from the 
north end. As soon as they got in front of 
the Post Office they were met with a volley 
from the oc-cupanos of that building. n.e 
ghots came for the most pai L from men hu 
had got on the roof, from which vosaion 
they had a great advantage oves 
the lancers. Four of the latter were 
shot, and the horse of one of them 
fell dead on the street. The dead bodies 
of these men were taken to Jervis street 
hospital. The Lancers withdrew to *,n& 
Parnell Monument, where they remained 
for a short while before return- 
ing to barracks. Early in the pro- 
ceedings a party of the Volunteers turned 
into Abbey street, and, i-aving smashed 
several large shop windows, entered ( e Ship 
Hotel, and "took" that, too. Armed men 
posted themselves in he upper windows, but 
thev relinquished that position in the course 
of the afternoon. J he j-uroe meantime had 
•wilhdiawn to their several stations. 



SHOPS LOOTED. 

Shop windows in North Earl street were 
smashed, and the shops* were looted. 
Noblett's sweet shop at the corner, and that 
of Lewers and Co., next to it in 
Sackville street, were sacked, and 
youngsters, male and female, mignt bis seen 
carrying bundles- of sweets, jr caps and hats, 
or shirts, of which those shops weru despoiled. 
There was no o*ne to prevent them from help- 
ing themselves as they listed. A publichouse 
in North Earl street was looted, and when 
the looters had partaken of the ardent spirits 
some of them beat each other with the 
bottles so violently that they were under 
the necessity of having their wounds dressed 
.in hospital. Another of the shops that 
suffered was that of Messrs. Al. Kelly and 
Son, gunsmiths and gunpowder merchants, at 
the corner of Bachelor's Walk and baekville 
street. The looters t~ok away with them 
such ammunition as they could lay their 
hands on A couple of motor cars were 
stopped as they were passing the Post Office, 
and the occupants had to leave them in pos- 
session of the rebels. One of the victims 
of this high handed procedure- was Jud<;e 
Law Smith, County Court Jud^e of Limerick, 
who was accompanied bv a couple of ladies. 
THE SECOND DAY. 

All through Monday night and Tuesday 
morning the rebels were busily engaged in 
Sackville street,- taking possession of houses 
ocupying commanding positions. The win- 
dows and doors of these premises were 
strongly barricaded with furniture, bedding, 
etc., and garrisons were installed in them. 
At O'Connell Bridge. Kelly's shop at the 
corner of Bachelor's Walk was garrisoned, 
and Hopkins's jewellery establishment at the 
opposite corner was similarly occupied. At 
the corner of Lower Abbey street, the branch 
premises of the Hibernian Banking Company 
were likewise sei ed, and a strong garrison 
was installed. Every window overlooking the 
street was fill-eu with armed men, and pre- 
parations to withstand a sitge were under- 
taken. Later in the day a change of plans 
took place, and a Red Cross Hag was hung out 
of one of the upper windows of the bank, as 
if tii indicate that this building was to serve 
as an hospital for the wounded when the 
sieor of !'-p P •-»• Office mis rntered upon. 
BARBED WIR^ IN SACICVIl-LE STREET. 

Olosa l>v\ in i.owL.- Aniey stieet, a hii-mid- 
nliie barrier was erected opposite Wynn'a 
Hotel. To obtain material for the barricade 
the Irish Times paper store was looted, and 
the big reels of paper were rolled out oo 
the street. A bicycle shop was also looted, 
and bicycles and boxes were piled high, form- 
ing the only really effective barricade in thf/ 
city. The Wireless School, at the corner of 
Lower Abbey street, was another of the places 
seized by the rebels, and messages were being 
despatched from this place until the rebels 
were shelled out of Hie building. Further 
preparations for (he siege wove made by 
stretching lines of barked wire across Sack- 
ville street, and portion of the Imperial Hotel, 
which is directly opposite fhe Post Office, was 
a.Ko occupied by a number of the rebels. 



13 



Amongst the premises in the immediate 
%icinity of the Post Office which were occupied 
by the rebels on Monday night was M'Dowell's 
jewellery shop, which adjoins the Post Office 
on the Henry street side, and commands the 
approach from Moore street. On every side, 
indeed, the approaches were under strict 
guard, and anyone who ventured too close to 
the G.P.O. soon realised the danger. 

MACHINE GUNS ON TRINITY. 

On Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday the 
fight for the Post Office was carried on by 
the military with the greatest vigour. 
Machine-guns were placed on Trinity College, 
and from this point gasts of fire swept 
through Westmoreland and Sackville streets 
whenever any of the rebels attempted to 
crosi: the thoroughfare. The military also 
drew gradually nearer and nearer through 
the ride streets, and formed a circle of steel 
through which no rebel had a chance of 
escape. The circle was slowly contracted 
until a point lad been readied when a fur- 
ther forward movement roust be a charge. 
Ihe authorities brought artillery and 
tnachine-guns into action, and liberally 
I sprayed " all the positions held by the 
rebels on each side of the street. 

Thus the fight went on day and night. On 
Thursday night a heavy bombardment was 
directed against Messrs. Hopkins' establish- 
ment, which was full of Sinn Feiners. 
When the house was being brought down 
ibout them, as many of the rebels as could 

scape fled in the direction of the 1'ost Office, 
only to meet their deaths in the streets. 
Fire then added its terrors to the awful 
scene, and in a short time the whole blocli 
Df buildings from Hopkins' corner up to 

fewer Abbey street was like a furnace. On- 
ward the fire swept, one house after another 

nve'oped. The flames leapt and curled 
feross [.over Abbey street, and soon the 
Hibernian Bunk Branch and the adjoin- 
ng houses were aho burning. The glare 
)f light made the Post Office and the Hotel 
Metropole on the opposite side of the 
street, appear as if they had been illuminated 
n honour of some festive occasion. W.hen 
31ery's premises and the Imperial Hotel fell 
victims, great sheets of fire rushed 
ligh in the air, and it seemed as if 
fhe whole centre of the city was doomed 
io destruction. All the houses up to Earl 
/treet were soon in flames, which again crossed 
.he street and set fire to Tyler's boot ware- 
louse. The great gap which had been created 
>y he previous fire at Messrs. Lawrence's 
itores was an effective check to the further 
Jrogress of the process of destruction, and the 
ire finally burnt itself out there. 

BURNED OUT. 

On Friday, 28th, the battle with the 
ebels entrenched in the General Post Office 
lontinned with unabated violence. All dav 
ong they were shelled with artillery and 
Sdaxim guns, and in the evening the whole 



place went on fire. This fire was, if possible, 
even more destructive than the one of the pre- 
vious night. The whole building, except the 
porch, was quickly consumed by the flasies, 
which spread in all directions, enveloping the 
Hotel Metropole, Messrs. Eason's, and th« 
entire block of adjacent buildings. When day- 
light broke the scene was one of utter desol'a- 
tion. The palatial buildings which formerly 
adorned the principal streets in Dublin wera 
lying in ruins, nothing but a naked wall being 
left standing at short intervals. 

OFFICER'S EXTRAORDINARY EXPERIENCE 
INSIDE THE G.P.O. 

A series of extraordinary experiences and 
escapes fell to the iot of Second Lieutenant 
A. D. Chalmers, 14th Royal Fusiliers, who 
was kept a prisoner in the General Post 
Office from Easter Monday to the following 
Friday, when according to a statement he 
made to a Pressman afterwards, he was given 
the choice of being shot immediately or 
running the gauntlet of soldiers' fire to draw 
it off the escaping rebels. 

He was going into the Post Office at noon 
on Easter Monday when he noticed about 
a party of Sinn Feiners coming up Sack- 
ville street, and remarked to a friend: "Just 
look at that awful crowd; they must be on 
a route march." Three minutes afterwards 
a voice outside the Post Office shouted 
"Charge!" and a crowd of rebels rushed in. 
One of them presented a bayonet at his 
breast, and the other prodded" him in the 
back with a pike, a weapon favoured bv 
many of the rebels. Lieutenant Chalmers, 
who was in Dublin on sick leave, was un- 
armed. After being searched for arms, the 
lieutenant was bound with wire obtained 
from the telephone box and put into the 
box, which faced Nelson Pillar. B v this 
time the public had scattered, and the 
officials, including some from other Boots 
had been marched out of the office with 
their hands above their heads. Then there 
was a rush for the windows, which the 
rebels smashed with th* 1 butt-ends of their 
rifles and pikes. It was when the troop' nf 
Lancers charged that Lieutenant Chalmers 
had his first narrow escape from bullets 
which went through the telephone box. 
After being _ confined in the box for three 
hours, the lieutenant was taken to the first 
floor. The O'Rahilly, a captain, said: "I 
want this officer to watch the safe to see 
that nothing is touched. You will see that 
no harm comes to him." Shortly afterwards 
two guards came down and conducted him 
to _ the staff diningroom on the top of the 
building for a meal. At night he was taken 
to a room overlooking the Metropole Hotel. 
There was no bedding whatever, and two 
guards kept the door with fixed bayonets 
so that there was no sleep. On Tuesday' 
Wednesday, and Thursday there was much 
firing, and the rebels were running about 
all ever the place. On Friday morninrr the 
roof of the Post Office caught fire, probably 
from shells. Downstairs" the rebels 'had 



11 



everything combustible smashed up ready to 
start a fire, and the cellars were packed with 
explosives. Bullets were then coming inlo 
the room where Second Lieutenant Chalmers, 
Second Lieutenant King, R.LF. ; Lieutenant 
Mahonv, LA. M.S., and other captives, to 
the number of sixteen, were imprisoned. 
Prisoners bad been taken in as occasion 
offered 

TUNNEL BLASTED BY DYNAMITE. 
They crouched under a table, as the roof 
was falling in, and part of an inside wall 
had collapsed. During the week the rebels 
had made a tunnel from the Post Office to 
premises in Henry street, and it was 
through this that many of them escaped 
temporarily. The tunnel had been 
blasted by dynamite. Among the 

rebels were engineers, electricians, and 
experts of all kinds, including a 
man who was said to have come from Berlin. 
He was an expert in regard to explosives, and 
remarked that he would never return to civil 
life knowing as much as he did about the 
insurrection business. On Friday, 28th April, 
the prisoners were taken to a basement right 
below the building. Here were stores of 
celi^nite, cordite, gun cotton, and 
dynamite— stacks of it. Men came down to 
the basement calling for bombs. 

A TERRIBLE TRAP. 

Tht cellar was barricaded with boxes, and 
a light turned on to one of these revealed 
packages of gelignite. Bombs with fuses 
set were placed round the cellar by the 
rebels who then left the prisoners in it. In 
this terrible plight the prisoners decided 
not to die like rats in a trap if they could 
help it Thev were saved from a horrible 
death by a rebel and a lieutenant. In re- 
sponse to the calls of the prisoners the 
lieutenant said: "It's all right boys and 
took them up again into the burning build- 
in- and out into the yard at the back. 
Their next move was through a corridor into 
a room at the back of the Post 03.ee. where 
,; "ereput under the charge of a wo man 
in male attire, who flourished a 
big loaded revolver. 

HUMAN BULLET SCREEN. 
A little later the prisoners were led 
loHenrv place, to be used by the rebels as a 
KU cn to Eacil.tate their escape. Lieutenant 
Chalmers was placed at the head of the line 
of prisoners, and on his left hand 
was a private of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers. 
l>ointine a Mauser pistol at the Lieutenant 
on e of The rebels told him to run or he would 
fire About 150 vards away were the troops 
w lh a machine 'Run, and they were Unrig 
down a lane Lieutenant i aalroers started to 

bu1 had no! got ten yards before he 

hot in the thigh, and the Dublin 

Her througfi the head By a rush 

n „f the prisoners pn I essfully the 

en I of the lane down which the troops fired 

II, . mai hin i \ un, and b >in£> called upon by 

Pe be| 8 to top -l irted down an alley way 
U, in li left, only to find them- 



selves charging a British machine gun. 
Bullets spattered around them, but by a 
miracle they escaped injury, and jumped a- 
parapet a yard high. Running round yet 
another passage, they found themselves in a 
court yard at the "back of Lipton's store, 
where Lieutenant Chalmer's collapsed from his 
nerve- wracking experiences. He was carried 
on the back of a sergeant of the R.l.R. into 
the cellar. The whole building bad Lf°n 
burned out. Even then the trials of the Lieu- 
tenant, the sergeant, and three privates 
were not passed. They spent the 
night in the cellar. Next morn- 

ing fighting was resumed close beside 
them. Through the cellar grating they saw a> 
sniper on the roof of the building opposite, 
and inside was a man grinding bayonets, work 
which he kept up all day. Towards evening 
the machine-gun fire i ecame very hot, and U.e 
bullets wp>-p falling all around. The prisoners 
crawled out of the cellar into a van standing 
in the yard. About 6.30 p.m. there was a 
call for any more rebels who wanted to sur- 
render, and the sergeant jumped out of the 
van to discover a corporal and two soldiers 
with fixed bayonets. By th.at time the cap- 
tives had been without food or drink for 
twenty-iour hours 

BOMB'S PREMATURE EXPLOSION. 

Many interesting and valuable observations 
were made, by Lieutenant Chalmers durin<* his 
stay in the Post Office, and he ^wit- 
nessed some strange sights. The first 
casualty at the Post Office was that 
which occurred to a Sinn Feiner who was 
placing a bomb in position. This man was 
leaning over a counter when the bomb blew 
his head right off. These bombs were charged 
with melinite, and fitted with wicks attached 
to fusees at the outer end. The rebels had 
arms of the most various patterns — Mauser 
and Holtz' rifles., Army rides, automatic rifles, 
sniHng trims and revolvers, and automatic 
pistols of every conceivable type. Thev also 
he said, had a machine gun on the ioof of 
the Post Office. They used expanding bullets 
of the sort n=ed for killing hiu T game, ami 
Lieutenant Chalmers had one of these bullets 
which lie took from a bandolier. 
The rebels got i good deal of amusement out 
of the telegraph instruments before destf ty- 
ing them. Among their number were tele- 
graphists, who chuckled as thev translated 
messages from the outer world, inquiring 
frantically what had happened in Dub- 
lin, and transmitted evasive replies. 
Food supplies were in abundance, and in the 
early mornings carts stacked high with pro- 
visions would come rattling along under the 
guard of an armed rebel. 

In Lieutenant Mahony the rebels discovared 
medical and surgical knowledge, which they 
called upon him to utilise. They had their 
own force of nurses, but these displayed 
very sight knowledge, and their methods 
wen? very crude, while medical supplies were) 
of an ill assorted and useless character. 
Med n aj students and nurses came info the Post 



15 



(XTce, and rendered good service. Connolly's 
leg wound was dressed by Lieutenant Mahony, 
who accompanied him along the tunnel 
blasted by the Sinn Feiners. 



GIRLS IN THE G.P.O. 

Tn the making of the barricade at the head 
of Prince's street the most extraordinary 
articles were utilised, including cauliflowers 
and milk cans, and a brand new green motor 
car taken from the Post Office. The girls serv- 
ing in the diningroom at the Post Office were 
dressed in the finest clothes, and wore knives 
and pistols in their belts They also wore 
white, green, and orange sashes. 

Bank notes, postal orders, and other securi- 
ties of value were handed over to Thomas 
Clarke, one of the members of the Provi- 
sional Government, in the diningroom on 
Easter Monday. Lieut. Chalmers is assured on 
that point, as he heard all the conversation. 
It was stated that the money was to be distri- 
bute^ among the relatives and dependents of 
the S.'nn Feiners who fell in the fight. One 
of the rebels offered the Lieutenant a 
postal order, remarking "Here's your pay," 
but this was a pleasantry, as at that time 
Lieutenant Chalmers was bcund. 

SOLDIERS FIVE DAYS WITHOUT FOOD. 

On Wednesday, 3rd May, more was heard of 
the soldiers who had been hostages. Mr. F. R. 
Ridgeway, managing director of Bewley, 
Sons, and Co., Henry street, discovered that 
there were two soldiers alive in the ruins of 
the Coliseum Theatre. It was not long before 
they were released, when it was found that 
thev were Sergeant Henry, of the School of 
Musketry, Dollvmount Camp, and formerly 
of the Royal Irish Constabulary, and Private 
James Doyle, of the Royal Irish Regiment. 
Both were unwounded. hnt weak from want 
of food, having had nothing to eat since 
Friday. How did thev come to be _ in the 
Coliseum? Being of the party imprisoned in 
the Post Office, when sent forth they had 
sought refuge in the theatre, and there they 
•stayed unaware of the fact that the fighting 
about the place had ceased. 



ATTEMPT TO BLOW UP NELSON PILLAR 

One of the many daring schemes of the 
rebels which failed was an attempt to blow 
up the Nelson Pillar in SaeUville street. An eye- 
witness of the effort stateg &hat he was pro- 
ceeding to the south side of the city from $fee 
north on Tuesday morning, 25th April, at 7 
a.m. On reaching the foot of Rutland square 
be saw an armed rebel driving the spectators 
op Sackville street and into Great Britain 
street. At this corner the crowd lingered, 
and the rebel ordered the people to " get out 
of the firing line," and addai with a dramatic 
whirl of his bayonet-^ 

'The Nelson Pillar is about to be b&rwj; 
ttp with bombs."- 



Taking cover behind the Parnell Monument 
the eye-witness awaited developments,and pre- 
cisely at 7.10 a.m. there was a loud explosion, 
followed by a cloud of smoke, which rose 
close to the north side of the Pillar. The 
monument, however, did not show any signs 
of collapse, and although this explosion was 
followed by three others within ten minutes, 
the Pillar did not even quiver. No further 
efforts were then made at the destruction of 
the monument, and at 7.30 the spectators 
were again permitted to pass by the Pillar. 



THE ATTACK ON DUBLIN CASTLE. 

The attempt to enter Dublin Castle was one 
of the most exciting incidents of the uprising. 
About ten minutes past 12 noon on Monday 
a small party of Volunteers, with twr> 
young women in the rear, marched up Cork 
Hill towards the gates of the Upper Castlo 
Yard. They were fully equipped, as if for 
a long adventure. They reached the Castle en- 
trance, which was open, and guarded onl? 
by a policeman and a sentry. When the 
policeman saw they were going to enter the 
Castle Yard, he moved quickly in front of 
them, and raised his hand as a sign that thev 
could not come in. But the Volunteers were 
determined, and did not turn back. Thev 
remained where they were for a few brief 
seconds, facing the constable. Then occurred 
the deed that revealed the daring object of 
the Volunteers. One of their number, stand- 
ing out in front of the policeman, levelled 
his rifle at him, and before the unhappv man 
ronld dra.w his revolver, fired riinf M >"•'• 
The constable stood a second or two. to f;>ll 
prone and lie motionless on the ground. At 
the same time other shots were fired bv the 
attackers at the sentry inside the railings 
and at the guardroom to the right. Out fmna 
the path sprang the sold ; °r with Ms n'fl,, a (; 
the ready and bavonet fi\-ed. He did not 
come to close quarters with the rebels. The 
iron gates were quickly closed, and the Volun- 
teers' attempt to "seize" the rpetlp t'-'iied 
at the point. That they intended to do as 
much harm as possible was anna rent, fop rwa 
of them carried a tin cannister, evidently 
made up as a bomb, and he threw it across 
the railings at the guardroom. His aim was 
good, the bomb bad. It broke the window, 
but did not explode. All this happened in a 
brief time. The few spectators did not afe 
first realise what the affair meant. It seemed! 
as though a mere act of bravado on th$ 
"Volunteers' part in endeavouring to march' 
tbrough the^ Upper Castle Yard, had ended 
in the shooting down of a policeman — not the 
first to fall thus around Dublin Castle. Thaj 
end,' however, was not yet. 

CITY HALL AND NEWSPAPER CFMCE 
SEIZED. 

Scattering at the Castle entrance, the Volun^ 
teers — of whom there were not more than 13 
«£> the outset — ran down Cork Hill. Four oi" 
five til them viynt into the office of the Daihf 
Express at the corner of Parliament streefc 



16 



and Cork Hill. They ordered the merr-ers 
M the newspaper staff to leave the house, Mid 
one presented a bayonet at a man who took 
them too coollv for their lining. In a Hw 
-linutes the Volunteers were in possession <.f 
' he building. Their object in seizing it was 
. » command Dublin Castle, and wage war 
upon it. For the same purpose a few others 
of the party ran up the steps of the City Hag, 
and climbed the iron gates, which were shut 
»n account of the holiday. The shop of Messrs. 
Henry and James also was entered by a man 
who, having broken the window climbed in 
and' went up through the house to the root. 
Another Volunteer ran down Parlia- 
ment street with his rifle ready to shoot any- 
one bold enough to detain him. Nobody at- 
tempted to do"so; the excitement was great, 
and most persons made for shelter. 

gefore long the Volunteers, ascended to the 
- £& of the buildings, began to fire at Eie 

"tie and at any soldiers whom they saw in 
the streets. One shot, fired at a private, 
grazed the arm of Miss Woods, whs was 
standing at the door of her father's shop in 
Parliament ?treet. Another, aimed .at a 
Canadian soldier, wounded an old man in the 
same fchsroughfare. A surgeon who had 
come up to attend the policeman, brought off 
the latest victim in his motor car. Not long 
after another soldier was shet in the bead. 

Ficce fighting continued here until t^e 
following night, when a brilliant charge 
bv a body of soldiers with fixed bayonets, 
rushing from the Castle, under cover 
of artillery fire, ended in the capture of 
the Express office The dead bodies of 26 
rebels were then found on the premises. 

A HEROIC GIRL. 

This district was the scene of a series of 
jallant actions on the part of a young lady, 
Miss Florence Williams, 8 Bristol Buildings, 
I astle street, who was afterwards awarded 
the Military Medal by the War Office for 
her conspicuous bravery. She was outside 
toe Castle ^ates when the policeman was 
shot, and sometime later dragged two soldiers 
Mho wore severely wounded, from the street, 
where bullets were tattling, to her mother's 
!,, , r they were given all possible 
assistance. She went through the fire to the 
Castle in search of a stretcher to carry the 
wounded men to hospital, and after that 
rescued more wounded soldiers, and went 
out and brought a priest to minister to them. 
frequently during the week fhe went out in 
the firing line, and secured bread nnd 
medicine and bandages for the wounded men 
in her house from the Adelaide Hospital. She 
was specially thanked and made the re- 
cipieril of n presentation from the Comman- 
der and officers of Uis Dublin Fusiliers. 

IN DUBLIN CASTLE RED CROSS [l*flMfrj}jL. 

Jfidrlcviood'i Majatfnt for Decerhpef, lr)16, 
contained a long article" on' the "Experiences 



of a V.A.D. at Dublin Castle during the Re- 
bellion," from which we quote: — 

" It was shortly after noon on Easter Mon- 
day, April 24. 1 was washing bandages rn tin 
Supper Room kitchen, when a man came n 
and said, 'the policeman at the front gate ha| 
been shot, and they have carried him in !' Then 
was no hope ; death had been instantaneous 
The men, who were watching from the win 
dows, said an armed body marched up Coil 
Hill to the gate, and shot the policem.i 
through the head. We heard afterwards tlui 
the original plan had been to seize the Castlt 
as they had done the G.P.O. : and many i^-i 
sons were advanced why they had not doi 
so. Connolly told us that when they foii.i 
no resistance, they thought it must be a trap 
to entice them in and ambush them, and th,* 
Ship street Barracks, at the back, would 
too strong for them. 

"About 5 p.m. troops arrived. The fir 
definite mo\ement 1 noticed among them 
when an officer and a number of men collectej 
near the gate ; they were lined up, and h 
gave orders. At a signal he and two or 1'itv 
of the men ran towards the gate and disaj 
peared from view ; three or four followed, all 
son on. This turned out to be the famou 
charge on the City Hall. We had been sen 
a message; all blinds were to be pulled dow 
and all lights turned out, and to be prepai 
for noise, as machine-guns were going 
start. We groped round in pitch darkness 
unable to see who was who, so it was hopeles 
to try and do anything — and then the gun 
began. The beds had to be mnve< 
from the Picture Gallery and Threw 
Room to St. Patrick's Hall, the corridor o 
the Officers' Qua iters, and the landing oir 
side, which were at the lack of the hous- 
The lack door of the Supper Room kitchej 
faces the Operating Theatre, and as both doors 
were onen I could see inside. In the midda 
of the floor a man was lying on mackintosh I 
in nools of blood: all round were wounds! 
being stitched up, or having ha?moi rhag« 
stopred. 



MEAL TIME D I FFICULTI £S. 



" At 4.30 a.m. we watched the troop* 
ii : rch out of the Yard, with bayonets lixed, 
followed by the stretcher bearers. The hall 
was turned into a receiving station, fitted uf 
with screens ; supplies of bandages and dresf 
ings and kettles of boiling water were kept ii 
readiness. The men's dining-room was p; 
and the corridor thronged with soldiers wait 
ing for breakfast. Such a jolly cheery crowt 
they were. From 5 a.m. till midday 
crowd' continued; we fed about sev 

'hundred on Tuesday, though there were o 
supplies for the seventy men originally in I 
hospital, so we could not treat the vjsitors f 
regally. They were allowed a' ciip'rif tea ai. 
half a 'slice of bread for breakfast; th< 

, fr» t*», and a cup of tea. for supper. Practi 
oid, 1 none were able to turn n'p for' more (ha 
two meals in the day. Froth the first momin, 

£ 2. 



17 



till some time after the rebellion was over the 
gas supply was turned off, and our stove .pas 
useless in consequence. The Supper Room 
and anteroom were heated by hot pipes ; the.'e 
were no fires, and so all the water for tea and 
cocoa for the fifty men had to be carried 
through St Patrick's Hall to the fire at the 
top of the main staircase. Even here troubles 
did not end, as it was a common occurrence 
to go back to find your saucepan boiling 
finely — but with somebody's instruments steri- 
lising in it— and your kettle empty, having 
been used to fill hot jars for a new 
arrival ! 

A STREAM OF AMBULANCES. 

"Numbers of the troops came to the Supper 
•Room kitchen for a wash and brush up, 
amongst them some we had seen march out, 
soon after dawn, with fixed bayonets. From 
the windows we could see a constant stream 
of ambulances and stretchers going in and out 
of the Yard — the dead had their faces 
covered In the evening we watched the 
men in the Yard bombing the office of Jia 
Evening Mail. The noise was terrific, but 
eventually the building vvas successfully 
stormed. From then on, we were considered 
comparatively safe. 

" Wednesday in our quarters was heavy 
with regular routine, but rather uneventful. 
In the evening, as 1 came downstairs a 
procession of policemen with bared heads 
passed down tin corridor — it was the police- 
man's funeral 

"The officers' uresding-room was turned into 
a 'dressing station,' where slight injuries \ve:e 
attended to : over two hundred and fifty rises 
were treated here. As the room was fitted 
with basins, several of us had to spend all 
spare moments there washing bandages and 
mackintoshes, which, needless to say, were 
never-ending. It had been given out 
that any nurse who had the chance might sit 
down, so I used to pull a chair over to the 
basin and scrub away. 

THE FUNERALS. 

" The windows overlook the Castle garden, 
where all day about twenty men were digging 
graves. The nearest were for officers, each 
made separately ; then two large graves for 
Tommies and civilians, and Sinn Feiners. 
There were over seventy buried in the gar- 
den : most of them were removed when the 
rebellion was over. Only a very limited num- 
ber of coffins could be obtained : most of the 
bodies wei*e buried sewn into sheets. The 
funerals took place each evening after dark. 
Towards the end of the week the dead were 
so many • they were brought in covered 
carts instead of ambulances. I saw a cart 
open once — about fifteen bodies, one on top 
of the other. It took time to carry them 
round to the mortuary, and sometimes aa one 

, passed two or three bodies would be lying near 
the side door, dressed in khaki, but so still, 
bo stiff, the hands so blue, and the faces 
covered. It is difficult to remember which day 

. armoured motor cars made their first appear- 



ance, but by Friday the sight of them rushin* 
in and out was quite familiar. It is also im- 
possible to state chronologically the arrival 
of Sinn Fein prisoners. The only batch I 
clearly remember were fifteen or sixteen re- 
spectable-looking men brought from the Four 
Courts the Tuesday morning after the surren- 
der. 

"On Saturday there was actually a pause 
in the afternoon, so I seated myself in front 
of the fire to make toast for the men's te>v 
One of the men relieved me before long, and 
made enough for the whole landing. It was a 
treat ! It seemed years, not days, sin.'e 
we had seen anything so civilised. 
Teas were being brought, and high good- 
humour prevailed over the toast, when soma 
one hurled herself in with : ' The Rebels have 
surrendered unconditionally ! ' We coal* 
hardly believe our ears ; it seemed much too 
wonderful to be true. The news was followed 
by a damper : ' Thirty new nurses have 
arrived — what are they to eat? I should, 
rather do twice as much again than have 
rations cut down any further.' We echoed 
the sentiment. It did not occur to us, that 
once surrender was official, we should be able 
to get plenty of food. A new nurse and two 
V.A.D.'s were sent to the Throne Room; 
other wards received similar reinforcements, 
and we had the amusing and unexpected ex- 
perience of tumbling over each other. 

JAMES CONNOLLY IN THE HOSPITAL. 

" The arrival of James Connolly caused an 
unusual stir. From the window I could see 
him lying on the stretcher, his hands crossed, 
his head hidden from view by the archway. 
The stretcher was on the ground, and at 
either side stood three of his officers, dressed 
in the Volunteer uniform ; a guard cf 
about thirty soldiers stood around. The sce:io 
did not change for ten minutes or more ; th. j y 
were arranging wht e he should be brought, 
and a small ward \ the Officers' Quartets, 
where he could be ca\ fully guarded, was de- 
cided upon. The nurr & in charge of him ac- 
knowledged, without exception, that no 
one could have been mon ■ considerate, or have 
given less trouble. AK 'fa- a week after r."* 
arrival he had an op-^raVOn on the leg. All 
through, his behaviour \ssr that of an idealist. 
He was calm and compxVeA during the court- 
martial, and he is reports fctt have said : — 
' You can shoot me if yos i'\ke, but I am 
dying for my country.' Rf eCxowed no sign 
of weakness till his wife was Vt'ought to say 
good-bye to him, bhe night he r?as to be shot 
When she had left, he saw the monks, 
and about 3 d.m. he was carried down on a 
stretcher to the ambulance that was to bring 
him to Kilmainham. « 

"Since the firing had stopped on Saturday 
the ambulances could drive through the 
streets in safety, and a great number of 
wounded were brought in. About 9 p.m. the 
day staff retired, and left one staff nurse, one 
probationer, and me to look after the twenty- 



18 



sever, patients in the Picture Gallery. I nevar 
thought I should have seen such suffering as 
was in that ward that night; the gioaning vas 
inde;-_-rihable. 

"Early. on Sunday morning orderlies from 
Xing George V. Hospital appeared on the 
scene. They were a great help ; they used to 
look after the fires and make themselves gene- 
rally useful. The convalescent patients, who 
Always worked iike blacks, were very critical 
of them. 

SNIPING. 

' r The sniping was worse than usual on Mon- 
day night, and we heard rumours that the 
Sinn Feiners had reinforcements, and the sur- 
render was withdrawn. Two men were killed in 
the Yard just outside our door a few minutes 
after I had come across. Night duty was not, 
without its excitements. One of the nurses 
going her rounds had an electric torch, which 
she switched on when she entered the ward. 
She was faced by a burly Australian, his fists 
clenched and a ferocious expression on his face, 
just going to make a spring for her throat ! 
He had mistaken her muffled footsteps for a 
Sinn Feiner: After supper, next morning 1 
bad to move my belongings to the Night 
Nurses' Quarters. Everything was quiet, and 
the Yard was safe to cross. The troops were 
lying in all directions, and with armloads <>f 
pillows, sheets, and similar baggage, I had 
to pick my way between them. 

'"' We were at dinner in the kitchen, when a 
stretcher-bearer offered us his newspaper, the 
now famous paper {Ifish Times), with three 
dates. Tt was the first communication we had 
held with the outside world for over a week, 
anrl we nearly tore it to pieces in our excite- 
ment. 

STRANGE SCENES. 

" The hospital itself presented an unusual 
appearance. Sentries, with fixed bayonets, sat 
or stood at the top and bottom of every stair- 
case, and outside e\ery ward in which was a 
Sinn Feiner; one guarded each of the doors 
oi Connolly's room, and another was in lis 
room. Those who were not on duty sat round 
the (ire at the top of (he main staircase, and 
turned the " baths " used in peace times 
tor palms and plants, into beds. There jre 
Lw.o of these tanks, and about six men fitted 
into each, time -„t either end, their feet over- 
lapping in the middle. One man looked too 
funny : in his well-worn khaki and muddy 
boots, his face and hands very dirty, he slept 
peacefully on a lace-edged pillow 1 I did not 
know the hospital boasted such a smart one. • 

"On Tuesday morning we were allowed to 
go to early Service, held in the Matron's office 
by one of the chaplains. It was in keeping 
with 'active service.' The clergyman robed 
in a corner of the room ; the Bread and Wine 
placed on an ordinary table covered with 
a white cloth. 

" The Boiler Room, where we filled our hot 

i'ars, was always packed with Tommies — scnts 
yin;r full length on the table, others lolling 
round. The beloved goat — I forget what rwgi- 
laei/t it belonged to — made its headquarters 



there, and the 4th Hussars* dog, which fc.c.4 
come up uninvited. 

" As the hospital was three-quarters empty 
when the Rebellion broke out, more than half 
the staff were on leave and could not return. 
There were only about thirty altogether for 
day and night duty, and of these seven had 
to be spared as waitresses in the buffets. The 
Matron and the Assistant-Matron rarely to.»k 
more than one hour's rest in the twenty-four 
and, in addition to the responsibility ami 
strain attached to their posts, they took tre 
place of staff nurses in the wards when it w-is 
necessary. 

" A Staff Nurse who developed appendicitis 
refused to give in until the reinforcements ar- 
rived. She probably saved several lives by 
her unselfishness, but it very nearly cost her 
own." 



IN STEPHEN'S GREEN. 

One of the boldest acts of the rebelt 
was their seizure of St. Stephen's Green Park, 
and the systematic way in which they set 
about digging themselves in. There was no 
parade about the earlier proceedings. The 
men came up shortly after mid-day in twos 
and threes, fully armed, and carrying packs 
on their backs, and quietly took possession ol 
the gates, which they locked against the 
public. They all seemed to have been pre- 
viously instructed as to their duties, as they 
at once set to work. Guards were posted at 
the various gates, the ammunition boxes were 
opened, and their contents placed within easy 
reach of the guards. Squads of men were 
told off to clear cut members of the public 
who were in th<j Park at the time, while other 
squads engaged in trench digging. 

Along St. Stephen's green, North, the pre- 
liminary acts of the rebels were of an equally 
thorough-going description. If one had the 
rashness to walk along the pathway outside 
the railings one could observe men lying in 
the shrubbery with rifles pointing outwards. 
One of the armed men, carrying a revolver in 
one hand and a hatchet in the other, and at- 
tended by several men carrying rifles, came 
out on the roadway, and coollv selected house* 
in which to post his "sharpshooters." 
Having chosen his house, he smashed in the 
window, and ordered his men to take post in 
the house. This was repeated in several in- 
stances on the North side of the Green, and 
then the leader and hia men turned 
their attention to the traffic. An effort was 
made to stop all wheeled traffic, and if the 
drivers did not stop they were fired upon. 

On Tuesday the military took up positions 
in the Shelbourne Hotel and other houses 
overlooking the Park and vigorous sniping 
of the rebels followed. Gradually they were 
driven away from the gates and railings. 
They then fired at the soldiers from trenches 
In the interior of the Green, and from the 
•te-nbberies. Many casualties took place on 
fcoth eidas, the dead bodies of the Sinn 
Feiners beii^ seen lying at full length on the 
ground. The military were also sniped from 

B 4 



19 



the College of Surgeons, from Little's public- 
bouse, and from other houses. 

Day after day, and night after night, the 
sniping continued until the rebels had been 
severely punished. Towards the end of the 
•week the Green was evacuated during the 
night, but the firing continued from the Col- 
lege of Surgeons, and from other houses where 
Sinn Feiners were concealed. The Countess 
Markieviecz was in command of the rebels 
L?re. 



INSIDE THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF 
SURGEONS. 

The Royal College of Surgeons in St. 
Stephen's Green was one of the last " forts " 
to capitulate. After a week's occupation the 
surrender took place at two o'clock in the 
afternoon of Sunday, the 30th ult. Major 
Wheeler, son of the late Surgeon Wheeler, 
accompanied by a force of military, attended 
at that hour, and was received bv the rebel 
leader, the Countess Markievicz. She was 
still wearing top boots, breeches, service tunic, 
and . hat with feathers. In the presence of 
the military she f rst sl.ook hands with her 
" officers," and then produced her revolver, 
the military she first shook hands with her 
tionately -kissing the weapon, she banded it to 
Major Wheeler, together with a quantity of 
ammunition, which on examination was found 
to nn.'»u^8 military and also round nosed (ex- 
panding) bullets. The prisonprs taken at 
this place numbered about 110 men and young 
women. 

Down in the kitchen large quantities of 
canned I'ooAs and provisions of every descrip- 
tion were tllscovered iu d sorderf' array. 
Some sort of discipline seems to have been 
maintained in the commisariat department. 
A slate was discovered on which was in- 
scribed : — 

" I.R..A. Orderly for this Kitchen Miss 

In her absence 

Structurally the College suffered little 
damage, but some of the portraits in tne 
Boardroom have been irretrievably ru'ned. 
The life-sized portrait of Queen Victoria, 
which was painted by the late S. Catterson 
Smith, R.H.A., and placed in the College in 
18b'7, in commemoration of Her Majesty's 
Jubilee, was ruthlessly cut out of the frame 
and torn into fragments. The adjoining Ex- 
amination Hall was used by the rebels as a 
sleeping apartment. The carpet which formerly 
covered the floor was cut into suitable 
lengths and used as blankets. 

The caretaker's rooms were reserved as bed- 
rooms for the female invaders. It was here 
that Countess Markievicz slept, and she and 
the others appeared to have had a partiality for 
chocolates and other similar articles, many 
broken packages of sweetstuffs being left 
behind. 

A gruesome discovery was made in the 
Chemical Lecture Theatre. The space be- 
neath the gallery had been converted into a 
mortuary, slabs for bodies being taken from 
ijie Anatomy Room^ and benches— originally 

£ 1 



in the Irish House of Lords — were taken from 
the Examination Hall for seats. A rude 
crucifix, composed of black metal coffin breast- 
plates, the central plate bearing the letters 
"R-I.P.," y. as affixed to the wall. An elec- 
tric light wire was carried into this mortuary, 
and other extensions of electric lighting we're 
made in different parts of the house, showing 
that some skilled workmen were amongst th« 
rebels. 

Loot from adjoining shops was found all 
over the place — new dustcoats, raincoats, and 
all sorts of male att're, as well as articles of 
women's apparel. A large number of blood* 
stained sheets and towels were collected. 



THE OPERATIONS AT TRINITY 
COLLEGE. 

Trinity College, Dublin, in the crisis, proved 
true to its traditions. The surprise which 
was sprung upon the city by the rebels left 
the College unmoved. The garrison was at 
the time' small, but the spirit of the few 
collegians who happened to be within the 
gates was indomitable. When the insurrec- 
tion occurred the guard numbered eight, but 
it was sufficient to hold the fort until rein- 
forcements gradually arrived, and by Wed- 
nesday the men in College mustered the 
respectable number of 150. For three days 
the position was extremely critical. The 
College, from a strategical standpoint, is of 
^reat importance, as it commands the heart 
of the city. Nassau street. Grafton street, 
Dame street, Great Brunswick street, West- 
moreland street, and the southern end of 
Sackville street are all commanded from 
Trinity College, so that its possession hv 
members of the Dublin University Officers' 
Training Corps was a sore thorn in the side 
of the rebels. When it wag realised that the 
Sinn Feiners were intent on capturing the 
principal buildings in the city the front 
entrance was immediately barricaded, and 
messengers were hurriedly despatched to 
various parts to summon every available man 
to man the fort. The responsp was imme- 
diate. Every graduate who could be rounded 
up readily answered the cnll. with the re- 
sult that the number of the garrison stead ilv 
increased. Stray soldiers parsing through 
Colleae Green were apprised of the situation, 
and they, too, willingly helped to augment 
the forces. 

A GALLANT GARRISON. 

At seven o'clock on Monday evening 
the gallant garrison numbered 44 men. 
They were supplied with uniforms from the 
stores in the College, and many others who 
subsequently came in were fortunate in 
bringing their uniforms in parcels, thus 
dodging the snipers, who were very active in 
various quarters of the city. The problem 
set to those who were in charge was rather 
difficult. Would it be beSr-"* to concentrate 
the defenrefc on College Grewn or would ib 
be advisable to watch the rebels who had 
Seized the railway station at Westland row t 



iJO 



With only 44 man, and with a wide area 
to protect, it v. as not easy to solve the 
problem. After calm consideration, how- 
ever, it was decided to place guards 
on the principal gates, and direct t' e attention 
of the main body on the railway station. 
Headquarters were established at the eastern 
end of the grounds, with the object of hold- 
ing the rectangle extending from College 
Green to Westland row, and from the Library 
to Great Brunswick street. Windows were 
fortified with sandbags, and every point of 
vantage was effectively utilised. The distance 
from the boundary wall to the railway line, 
which was being patrolled by the rebels, is 
only about twenty yards. The operations dur- 
ing' the night were confined to keeping the 
rebels in check, and they proved eminently 
successful. On Tuesday morning, when t.ie 
danger of an attack from the eastern end of 
the grounds had been averted and when the 
force of the garrison had be.en increased, it 
was wisely decided to fortify the western end 
at the main entrance at College Green. 

COLONIAL SHARPSHOOTERS. 

The upper windows were strongly barri- 
caded, and machine guns were placed in posi- 
tions on the parapet, while snipers took up 
favourable positions on the roof. Dawn had 
scarcely appeared when the effect of these 
precautions was demonstrated. Rebel scouts 
on bicycles rushed up Dame street in an at- 
tempt "to get in touch with St. Stephen's 
Green, where the rebels were entrenched. The 
leaders, however, had scarcely turned the 
corner of Grafton street when they were laid 
lo-.v by well-directed shots by two Colonial 
sharpshooters. The others scattered pell-mell 
up the side streets. Rebel signers on the roofa 
of houses in Fleet street ana Nassau street 
vere speedily driven into their lairs, and 
volleys were "fired at the General Post Office. 
Thus' the way was kept clear for military opera- 
tions in the vicinity, and a constant fire was 
maintained during the day. In the afternoon 
the snw^ garrison, after heroic operations, was 
relieved by regular troops. After that the 
College forces were confined to pioviding posts 
and guards at various points. 

During the following week many regular 
troops were quartered in the College grounds, 
end in this way Trinity has also proved of in- 
calculabla advantage to the military autho- 
rities. To accommodate a brigade of infantry, 
a battery of artillery, and a regiment of 
cavalry is surely something of which the 
College can be proud. The spacious quad- 
rangles and lawns afforded excellent accom- 
modation for the troops, and it was surely a 
eigii that Trinity had 'given itself wholly over 
to the military when one found soldiers play- 
ing football on the tennis courts. 

HOW A LARKINITE V/AS CAUCHT. 

Among the troops who bad come into the 
College was one man dressed in battered 
fchaki, without any distinguishing badges. 
His knowledge of military matters 6eemed 
rudimentary, which h» excused by paying that 
bo was in the A.S.iX. Nevertheless, a close 



watch was kept on him, which was not re- 
laxed when he was suddenly taken ill in the 
middle of the night; nor was he allowed to 
escape when he asserted that his sister and 
wife were dangerously ill and he wished to 
go and see how they were progressing. He 
was not allowed out, and in the morning was 
recognised as a man who had been one of 
Larkin's chief assistants. 



DEADLY PATTIES IN PEMBROKE 
TOWNSHIP. 

Some of the most desperate fighting of the 
rebellion took place in Lansdowne road, Pem- 
broke road. Northumberland road, Hadding- 
ton road, and Mount street On Raster Mon- 
day a body of rebels, who had taken pos- 
session of a corner house at Haddingt 1 
road and Northumberland road, fired 1 
upon and killed several members of the 
Veterans' Corps. The " G.K.'s " ha&' been on a 
routj march during the day to Trcknock, and 
were returning to their headquarters at 
Beggar's Bush Barracks. The first man 
killed was hit by a shot fired from the 
railwav bridge at the end of Haddington road, 
and the Veterans were the orjects of three 
volleys fired by the rebels from the hoasa ia 
Northumberland road. Though the Veterans 
had rifles they were entirely without ammuni- 
tion. They made no demonstration against 
the rebels, and were shot down without any 
warning. 

SOLDIERS AMBUSHED. 

On the same day a body of rebels took up 
positions in the grounds of the Trinity Col- 
lege Botanic Gardens, which command 
the junction of Lansdowne and Pembroke 
roads. They o-cupied these positions with 
little challenge until Wednesday, when the 
first regiment of British troops tegan to 
arrive from Kingstown. Early that Wed- 
nesday a battalion of Sherwood Foresters 
marched up to Lansdowne road, and tire was 
instantly opened on them. It was erroneously 
believed that the rebels occupied Can. brook 
House as a fort, but the fact is that while 
they entered it on Easter Monday they left 
it immediately they found there was no back 
lane. The soldiers appear to have been 
taken by surprise, but although they were 
almost without cover, and the enemy fire was 
welt directed, these young soldiers, who were 
taking part in their first action, fought with 
conspicuous coolness and bravery. The fight 
continued during the day, and there were 
several military casualties. The dead and 
wounded were taken to the Royal City of 
Dublin Hospital in Baggot street. The hos- 
pital resources were sorely tried during 
the week, but they rose nobly to the occa- 
sion. Doctors and nurses were almost 
in the thick of the fighting, and risked 
their lives many times a day with magnificent 
audacity. A tribute must also be paid to the 
bravery of civilians in Pembroke and 
Northumb^Iand' ttyad;?, women as well as 
men, wrw; broophi food and drink to the 
soldiers »raen the letter wore heavily uudor 
fir©,. 



21 



CLANWILLIAM riOOSS BOMBED. 

The attack on Clanwilliam House in Clan- 
william place was one of the fiercest incidents 
of the whole insurrection in Dublin. At this 
place the house was strongly held, and the 
main body of the Sherwood Foresters as they 
advanced had little or no advantage of cover. 
Again they came on with fine courage, and' 
again they paid a heavy toll of life. Both 
here and at 25 Northumberland road che 
Foresters used hand grenades and small 
bombs ; but the final CQup de guerre at Clan- 
william House was given by a small party of 
R. N.R. men, who brought up a Gatiing gun 
and cleared out the place with six shots. The 
house was in iiames at 9 o'clock. From the 
place some dead and many wounded soldiers 
were taken to the .Royal City r' Dublin 
Hospital. 

The whole area bounded bv Lansdowne 
road, Northumberland road, Pembroke road, 
the Grand Canal, and Unner Baggot street, 
was throughout the week a centre of the 
fiercest and most persistent sniping. When the 
main bodv of the rebels had surrendereit. this 
district was still being terrorised by a small 
body of snipers. The bullets hummed uti and 
down the roads, and sentries warned pas- 
sengers that they were moving about at their 
own risk. The extinction of these scattered 
handful of rebels was, of course, only a matter 
of time. 

During Sunday several large bodies of pri- 
sorifis vvpi'e bronqrht t^ +be r"i litjurv head- 
quarters in the Royal Dublin Society's pre- 
mises at Ballsbridge. They were strongly 
guarded tw soldiers, an. I a white ilag was 
en riied : -i front of the procession. 
The appearance of these prisoners was de- 
jected ar.d miserable in the extreme, and 
many of them carried ngly wounds. 
A sad feature of these parties was the 
extreme youth of some of the prisoners. 

SNIPERS AT BALL!, BRIDGE. 

News of the surrender of the main body of 
the rebels was received in Sandymount 
anrl Ballsbridge, among other suburbs, at 
about six p.m. on Saturday, 29th April, and 
produced profound relief. This, however, 
was short-lived, for barely an. hour afterwards 
a party of rebels made known their presence 
near the top of Serpentine avenue, and 
fighting began in that quarter. At about 
half-past seven, when it was dusk, there was 
the crackle of a considerable number of shots, 
apparently from revolvers for the most part, 
and a heavy reply from military rifles. The 
interchange of shots did not last very long, 
and gave the impression that the rebels were , 
retreating across the fields between the main 
road and the railway. The,re,were also some 
bomb explosions. , The night, was disturbed 
by ,a good deal of rifle firing, especially after 
midnight, a favourite time for the 
rebels to commence their business. 
A good p&Tt of Sunday passed peacefully, 
but at about fiye o'clock considerable seiping 
broke out again in the neighbourhood, and 
fighting was renewed with vigour for a short 

Ew. 



HEAVY CASUALTIES AT MOUNT 
STREET BRIDGE. 

The fighting in the vicinity of Mount 
street Bridge was exceptionally heavy. On 
Easter Monday, about mid-dav, the rebels 
occupied Boland's Bakery, and" at the same 
time turned out the resident apothecary of 
the Grand Canal Dispensary, which is haid 
by. The next hostile act was the breaking 
open some large holes in the walls of the 
bakery directly opposite the entrance to Sir 
Patrick Dun's Hospital. About three o'clock 
in the afternoon the rebels shot dead in 
front of the hospital a Scots Guard named 
Peter Ennis, who wa3 home on leave. He 
was out for a walk at the time, and was 
quite unaware of the presence of the rebels. 

On Tuesday morning, 25th April, a man 
in the hospital, whose head was bound up, 
as he was suffering from erysipelas, while 
looking out of one of the front windows of 
the hospital, was shot at from Boland's 
Bakery, the bullet passing quite close to hi.* 
head. On the same morning Mr. R. Waters, 
of Monkstown, was shot deaxl at Mount street 
Bridge, while being driven to Dublin in a 
motor car by a captain of the R.A.M.C. 
Neither Mr. Waters nor the captain were 
armed, and the car was not challenged or 
asked to stop. Fortunately the R.A.M.C. 
captain escaped. 

The total casualties treated during Easter 
week in Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital was 
142 — 73 military and 69 civilians. Of the 
military, 10 were either dead on arrival or 
subseqaently succumbed. Eleven of the 
civilians were either dead on arrival or died 
afterwards. Nearly all of these casualties 
occurred in the vicinity of Mount street 
Bridge, and they were brought into the 
hospital through the Sir Patrick Dun's 
Nursing Home in Lower Mount street, from' 
which there is a passage to the hospital. 

GIRL WINS MILITARY MEDAL. 

Sir John Maxwell in his despatch, specially 
referred to the seventy of the fighting at 
Mount street Bridge, "where," lie said, "'our 
heaviest casualties occurred." He further said 
he should " like to mention the gallant assist- 
ance given by a number of medical men, ladies, 
nurses and women servants, who at great 
risk brought in and tended to the w T ounded." 
Early in 1917, in a list of military honours 
issued by the War Office there appeared the 
name of Miss Louisa Nolan^ who was awarded 
the Military Medal. Miss Nolan tended quite 
a number of wounded officers and men during 
the fighting at Mount street Bridge, on the 
Wednesday of Easter week, and brought water 
and other comforts to. the soldiers, while 
bullets were flying ihick through the air. 
Miss No' an 's conduct was highly spoken of 
at the time of the occurrence, and great , satis-, 
faction, was ».*y_*arf£4 wnen it became lrpwn 
that she had been awarded the Military 
Medal. 



22 



FIRST BLOOD FOR THE V.T.C. 

The Irish Volunteer Training Corps, or the 
"G.R.'s" by which they were better known, 
were the first Volunteers to have the honour 
of shedding their blood in their country's cause. 
On Monday, April 24th, the 1st (Dublin) Bat- 
talion paraded at Beggar's Bush Barracks. 
There were four companies composed of the 
Irish Rugby Union Football Corps, the St. 
Andrew's Corps, the Dublin Veterans Corps, 
the Glasnevin Corps, as well as City and Rail- 
way Corps, and some motor cyclists. The 
whole force, in spite of the number of units, 
was only about a hundred and twenty strong. 
It marched out cf Dublin to 'lick- 
nock and took part in some field 
exercises in which the object was to 
drive back a force of Kingstown and Grey- 
stones Volunteers. We> imagine that what 
followed is the only case on record of a sham 
fight turning into the real thing. 
Early in the afternoon the sham fight was 
o\er. and the V.T.C. of both sides began to 
march back to their quarters. Then came to 
the Dubh'n Volunteers the amazing news that 
the Sinn Feiners were ; n revolt, and that 
several buildings in Dublin were in their 
hands. Major Harris, the commander of the 
1st Dublin Battalion decided without a 
moment's hesitation what to do. The 
battalion marched for an hour and twenty 
minutes without a halt, and in this time 
covered the distance from Ticknock to 
Beggar's Bush Barracks, which they ap- 
proached about 4 p.m. They found the 
barracks being besieged, and on approach- 
ing them came under a sharp fire from the 
Sinn Feiners, who occupied (he uilway 
bridge which commands Haddington 
road. They had no ammunition for 
their rifles; they did not even carry 
bayonets. Meanwhile their " G R." bras- 
sards made them easy targets. Their com- 
mander with an advance party managed to 
enter the barracks by the front entrance, tak- 
ing with him Corporal Clery of A Company, 
who was mortally wounded. The remainder of 
the "olumn was ordered to retire up Lans- 
downe lane — a difficult and trying movement 
which wad -Tarried out with complete steadi- 
ness. 1 his part of ti.e column made its way 
to the back of tjie barracks ft 
the rear of Northumberland road, 
marching in single fiie till a place was 
reached where it seemed possible to climb 
over the wall. Eighty-one men and nine 
officers climbed over and joined the besieged 
garrison. There were only seventeen Lee- 
Enfield rifles in the barracks, and the Volun- 
teers had ©2?y six whicn would take the .303 
cartridge. The Volunteers were instructed 
to use their old Italian rifles as clubs if the 
Sinn Feiners attempted to rush them. A 
member of the battalion who had not taken 
part in the clay's exercises nluckily came to 
the barracks in plain clothes, bringing a. few 
more rifles. Firing was kept up by th: energy 
from the houses in No^tnumberlffrtd 
road, nrr ; especially from No. 25, at the 
corner of Haddington road. It was from this 



house that fire was opened on the remainder 
of the Volunteers, numbering about forty ofc 
all ranks, commanded by Mr. F. H. Browning, 
with such fatal results, Lur being killed and line 
wounded. The trees on the road afforded *. 
slight temporary protection to others of thi* 
body, but they got shelter in neighbouring 
houses. The occupiers of Mos. 29, 31, ana 
53 took in several till they were able to pro- 
ceed home. AH the wounded "G.R.'s" 
except two were dressed at No. 31, and here 
also all the others, with one exception, were 
supplied with change of clothing. In No. 33 
the Sherwood Foresters had' a dressing station 
all day on -Wednesday, 2bth. '1 wo 
N.C.O.'s of B company managed to get down 
the lane behind Northumberland road and 
over the w-all into barracks. Mr. Edward 
Webb, Commandant of C Company (Glas- 
nevin), ran for the front gate of the barracks,' 
keeping close to the wall, and got in unhurt. 

CONTINUOUS SNIPiN JS. 

No attacks were made on the barracks save by 
rifle fire from these and other distant points, 
and, so far from the garrison being besieged, 
motors with rations and stores and other 
vehicles went in and out, but not without 
corning now and then under fire. On Monday 
evening Colonel Sir Frederick Shaw 7 , D.S.O.,, 
Commanding the 2nd (Garrison) Battalion 
R.I. Fusiliers, drove in in his trap, and his 
coachman drove in arid out on subsequent days. 
The intensity of the fire varied from hour tc 
hour; the sniping increased towards evening 
and rendered the crossing of the barracl 
square hazardous at times. The only casualty 
that occurred out of doors was on Wednesday 
the 26th ult., when Mr. R. A. Anderson wai 
wounded by a charge of buckshot while in thi 
" detention " post, commanding the corner o 
Northumberland road and Haddington road 
He was taken to 1'ortubello Hospital. Hap 
pily, the wounds were not serious, and he re 
appeared with his arm in a sling before th< 
force left barracks on Tuesday, 2nd May. 

Later i.i the week Mr Joseph Hosford, of ( 
Company, was killed in the barrack room. Hi 
had go.ie up to get his overcoat, and stood fo 
a moment opposite a window. A bullet cam 
through the glass and went through his body. 

Mv. Charles Dickinson, commandant of 1 
Company, and a few others made their wa; 
intj the bairack^ on the Tuesday, am 
on Wednesday afternoon the garrison wa 
strengthened by a party of the Notts an 
Derby Territorials, who had landed at Kings 
iown that morning and marched in to Balls 
bridge. They knew nothing of the district 
much less of the existence of the barracks 
but fortunately for them they came dow; 
Shelbourne road, and were seen by tb 
sentries on the Shelbourne post. Word wa 
passed down the line of sentries, and the 
halted. A ladder was let down over the wall 
which is very high above the road, and the 
climbed into barracks, heavily laden as the; 
were. Most of them had been only threi 
months in training at Watford, and some h 
never fired a service rifle save at a miniat 
ranp s. They were used to strengthen 



■a ; - 



23 



uards. Later in the afternoon an attempt 
vas made to dislodge the Sinn Feiners from 
he railway, but the latter were too strongly 
ntrenched. Sergeant-Major Gamble, from 
be garrison, accompanied the sortie party, 
nd was killed on the line, while Lieutenant 
errard, R.F.A., who was in command of the 
arty, was severely wounded in the right arm. 

SHORT RATIONS. 

Food supplies began to run short, and the 
len were put on half rations. The canteen, 
here such things as tinned meats, biscuits, 
inerals, tobacco, and matches were at first 
> be had, gave out, and it was only in the 
st couple of days that fresh supplies came 
I The Volunteers and the Tommies took 
leir meals together: breakfast at 8, dinner 
tween 12 and 1, and tea at 5. Each guard 
as on for four hours in the day and four 
)urs at night. Subsequently, as an extra 
ecaution, and to ensure th» men being ready 
r duty at the appointed hour, they slept in 
e verandah instead of in the barrack rooms. 
)r example, the guards on duty from 1-5 
m. went to the verandah at 9 p.m., and the 
9 a.m. guards at 1 a.m. Sunday was not a 
!,y of rest. Sniping went on on both sides, 
wo Services were held in the church, 
irgeant Robinson, of A Company, acted as 
aplain, and preached a stirring sermon in 
e morning, taking as his text, " Keep your 
ads down and your hearts up." At first 
e men had to sleep on the floor ; afterwards 
uare cushions, popularly known as 
biscuits" from their shape, were provided, 
d blankets later on. Fortunately, fine 
father prevailed all the time, and the nights 
m not cold, considering the time of year. 



BOMBARDMENT OF LIBERTY HALL. 

For many years past Liberty Hall has been 
horn m the side of the Dublin Police and 
b Irish Government. It was the centre of 
ial anarchy in Ireland, the brain of every 
and disturbance. When it was deter- 
ned to U£.e artillery to defeat the rebels 
Derty Hall was singled out for the first 
get, both because of its great notoriety and 
ause it and two neighbouring houses were 
ongiy heln 1 by the insurgents. 
3n luesday, 25th April, artillery arrived in 
nity College, and it -\as decided to start the 
lling next morning. *• But the recoil of 
dern artillery is so violent that, in spite 
the buffer, it is necessary to fix the trail of 

_un in the ground. Under ordinary cir- 
nstanees th-i '-ecoil drives a spade-shaped 
Jte of iron on the trail into the ground ; but 

streets of Dublin, being paved, prevented 
3 arrangement from woi'king. Accordingly 

as nects-sary to dig up the cobble stones 
ore the guns could ctme into action, and 

closeness of the range fron~ which it had 
n determined to fire (some 250 yards) made 
Fairly certain ti it any working party of 

iers would be shot down before their task 

completed. However, it was thought pos- 
e to employ men in civilian clothes, and 
n the early hours of Wednesday morning 



six volunteers from Trinity College — partly 
civilians and partly members of the O.T.C. — 
Btarted out to d.'g holes for the trails near 
Butt Bridge, at the end of Tara street. 

DUBLIN'S TOUGH STREETS. 

Armed with two picks, two crowbars, and 
two spades thev began to work. But the task 
proved unexpectedly difficult. Dublin streets 
are paved with cobble stones some six inches 
long by four wide, and at least six or seven 
inches deep. These are set in a cement of tar, 
and are placed so close to each other that 
there is no room for a pick to enter between 
them. After half an hour only one stone had 
been removed in ej,eh position, and one crow- 
bar had been broken. Accordingly a message 
was sent back for reinforcements and new 
tools. 

Meanwhile the inhabitants of the ne'ghhour- 
ing houses v>ere much perplexed as to what 
was going on, and incredulous of the ex- 
planation that the gas supply of Trinity had 
failed and some attempt was being made to 
put it right. The arrival of soldiers, who 
formed up in the cover of the side streets and 
took possession of the corner house to cover 
the digging party caused them further alarm 
and curiosity. 

13-POUNDER3 FROM TRINITY. 

Unfortunately, in Trinity College further 
tools were not procurable, and as delay 
seemed undesirable it was determined to 
attack at once, utilising what holes had been 
made. The guns cantered out by the Bruns- 
wick street gate, and came swiftly along Tara 
street. When they rear 1 -^ thf> two side 
streets which intersect it, about thirty yards 
from th*> quays, they turned off into these 
and unlimbered, the ammunition limbers 
being left there, while the guns were man- 
handled into tile prepared positions The 
volunteers from Trinity College left their work, 
and three of them formed a party to carry 
ammuntion from the side streets to the cuns. 

The two 13-pounders opened fire almost 
simultaneously. At the first report every 
pane of glass in the street w^s shattered, and 
even in Trinity College the solid buildings 
seemed to quake under thon who were lining 
the parapets. Machine guns placed on the 
tower of the Fire Station, the Custom House, 
and the Tivoli mixed their noise with that of 
the rifles, to form an indescribable and 
hideous medley of sound almost deafening the 
gunners in the narrow Tara street. Liberty 
Hall and the adjacent houses were -wreathed 
in dust and smoke, and appe&,;sej to be reply- 
ing vigorously from machine guns and rifles. 
This was subsequently discovered not to be 
the case, as the rebels had got wind of the 
move, and partially evacuated then position 
on the previous night. Shell after shell was 
fired, throwing down a portion of Northum- 
berland House, and making fc-c ethers mere 
empty shells. 

SHELLED FROM 1 HE »«:.VER. 

On Wednesday, the 26th April, the 
steamer Helga, which was formerly a 
police patrol boat belonging to the Fisheries 



24 



Department, and lately employed by the J.d- 
miralty in connection with the war, was 
brought up the LiSey, and anc 1 . red nearly 
opposite the Custom House, with the inten- 
tion of bombarding Liberty Hall, the 
headquarters of the Citizen Army. 
As most people are aware, the loop line rail- 
way bridge intervenes between the Custom 
House ancl Liberty Hall, and in addition to 
this formidable obstruction to the line of ere 
one of Guinness" s steamers was lying ;lo?e to 
Butt Bridge. It was impossible under these 
conditions to bring direct rire to bear upon 
the objective. The gunners o the Helga 
were accordingly obliged to adopt a 
plan of dropping fire. The military 
in occupation of the Custom House 
prepared to co-operate, and by remov- 
ing poitions of the wall facing Liberty Hall 
were able to obtain effective positions for 
their machine guns. 

The bombardment commenced about eight 
o'clock in the morning, and for over an hour 
a continuous cannonade was maintained. 
There was no return fire from the rebels, \, ho 
were supposed to be in occupation of Liberty 
Hall, but the bombardment caused intense ex- 
citement in the district, where there is a large 
population of the poorer class of residents. 
"With every <hot the houses were shaken, 
and the people were almost panic stru ken 
Aftc the expenditure of a great amount 
of ammunition,- the iritlgt. withdrew further 
down the river. It was then seen that the 
outer shell < f Liberty Hall had been very 
little damaged. AH the windows had been 
blown in, but the surrounding brickwork was 
only sligliilj injured. The interior however, 
was a mass of rJefiri*. The adjoining 
premises, known a^ Northumberland House, 
were badly damaged. It was stated that dur- 
ing the previous night the " garrison " had 
been warned of the approach of the H<?<ga, 
and made good their escape. 

SOME DliSCOVERIES. 

An examination of the remains of Liberty 

Hall rewarded the searchers by yielding a 

number of important documents. A printing 

press (tad been installed there, and from this 

[►lace the literature of the rebellion seems to 
iave been issued. Some of the " finds " in- 
cluded I'liiiimi." >•■•'.... dated Faster Sunday, and 
signed bj members of the *' Staff," appointing 
certain named |><t sons to commands in the 
"Citizens' Army;*/ Bundles of the proclama- 
tion declaring Ireland a Republic were also 
di>< <i\ ered. 

Another important "find" in Liberty Hall 
was a lart:*- i uml er of copies of the. document 
which was read .\1 the meeting of Dublin 
( orporatior. on the 19th April. At that meeting 
certain of the members of the Council de- 
i ounced the Government as the authors of the 
leaflet, hut the discovery made in the printing 
ion m of Liberty Hall puts a new 
c< mplexiOD on the n :. Her. /'his docu- 
ment purported to be n statement of 
/cctain '* precautionary measures" which 
"apic to be put into force hy the military on 
ieceiving an order from Dublin Cattle. The 



military were to take charge of the city, cer- 
tain premises were to be seized, and others 
were to be isolated. 



GUNBOAT IN ACTION AT RINGSEND. 

Ringsend was the r^ene of warm work dura 
ing the rebelbon. On Easter Monday the 
Volunteers appeared m force at several points I 
in the district. That they had laid their plans 
well was seen Ly the commanding positions 
they took up. Boland's Mill, a high stone 
builhng overlooking the Basin of the Grand 
Canal and affording a wide view over the 
river mouth, was one of their main strong- 
holds, and, as events proved, one of the 
hardest to overcome. Having taken posses- 
sion, the rebels lost :io time in fortifying the 
wails around the mill by placing upon them 
bags of flour to protect themselves against 
attackers' bullets. About the same time an-' 
other party took over the old distillery on the 
other side o 1- '-.he drawbridge, a id prepared for 
resistance me threes of the Crown. A third 
uody went into a field at the Gas Works. 
Other strategic positions which the rebels 
occupied were the bridges on the railwr • hne 
from Westland row to ^ansdowne road. These 
naturally commanded the approaches to the dis- 
trict, and ma ^e it impossible for military to 
enter Rir.gsend directly without having to 
'"■ass through the line of fire c' concealed line- 
men. 



FIRIN3 ON BEGGARS RUSH BARRACKS. 

In this, as in other parts of Dublin,, 
the insurgents had evidently in mind the im- 
portance of concentrating upon any military 
barracks from which an attempt might be 
made to subdue them. Heine, the men whg 
held the positions described fired heavily upon 
Beggar's Bush Barracks, and caused some 
loss to the loyalists Such was the situation 
in the early days of the rising. 

The rebels had prepared themselves so wel 
for their work, were so daring, 
and in such number, that they suspended 
the normal Lfo of the district for 
an entire week. Wi ' the best will in 
Lie world, it was ; Jt an. ays possible to dis- 
tinguish harmless persons from the foes df 
public peace and order; and when machine 
guns came into action the likelihood of being 
struck by a stray bullet was increased. To 
defeat the ' desperate men who fired from 
strong buildings like Loland's Mill and Rings- 
erd Distillery more than ri He fire was wanted. 
This mode of attack they had foreseen, but l| 
is doubtful whether they had calculated i. i 
the use of heavy guns ; rainst them. At eaJ 
point wl.cre ordnance was brougnt up the ti(A 
of fortune quickly turned: a Martini Henry 
rifle or an automatic pistol is a poor weapon 
in the face of a nine-pounder handled by goij 
gunners. 

THE HELGA IN ACTION. 

At Ringsend the heavy guns w~r« 
us 'd not on land, but Irom water. Or 
Wednesday the gunboat Helga c«me up tn« 
Lifley and joined battle with the iuauigentl 






26 



sheltered in Liberty Hall. To the Helga also 

fell the duty of coping with the rebel fortresses 
at Ringsend. The gunboat did that dutv well, 
and has left its mark upon totb buildings. 
What the Volunteers withm thought of the 
bombardment has not yet been disclosed. But 
it is easily realised that the heavy firing 
brought great uneasiness to the good folk of 
Ringsend. 

With the surrender of the rebels 
in the mill and the distillery the rising in this 
quarter of Dublin was not altogether at an 
end There were still stragglers who had not 
heard or did not accept their leaders' order to 
desist. The most obdurate were on the rail- 
way, and it was not until the following Monday 
that the military occupied the line. Dunne; 1.J3 
week of rebellion there were many narrow 
escapes and % ftw sad deaths in Ringsend. 
While bullets wue flying through the streets, 
only an urgent necessity could force the law- 
abiding to go their customary ways. Before 
much of the week had parsed the need arose 
in the form of food. The poor buy their food 
in small quantities; thev had no store upon 
which to draw. Some went to seek sustenance. 
Of their number was an old woman who ven- 
tured forth alone. She got her bread in a 
time when bread was scarce — four loaves ; but 
she never reached her home again, for, as she 
crossed Victoria Bridge, she met with ths 
bullet that brought her life to an end. .An- 
other death of the kind occurred on Saturday, 
when a man was shot at the Ringsend Bottle 
Works. The work of bearing the wounded 
was fraught with no little danger; as the 
Pembroke Ambulance was approaching 
London Bridge part of the seat was shot 
away. 

THE SURRENDER. 

Dr. Myles Keogh, who, in company with Mr. 
L. G. Redmond Howard and others, acted so 
bravely in rescuing the wounded, tells of the 
actual incident of the surrender of Ue Valera 
near Ringsend. Dr. Keogh had just returned 
at half-past twelve from Glasnevin Cemetery, 
where he conveyed under the Red Cross flag 
the remains of a civilian who had been fatally 
wounded at Mount street Bridge. Dr. Keogh 
had dismounted from the hearse and entered 
the hall of Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital, when 
two men came out of the Poor Law Dispensary 
oposite, in which the Sinn Feiners were 
installed. One was a military cadet who 
had been captured by the Sinn 
Feiners, the other was the Sinn Fein leader 
De Valera. "Hullo!'' cried De Valera. 
"Who are you?" replied Dr. Myles Keogh. 
The response was, " I am De Valera," from 
one, and from the ether it was; "I am a 
prisoner for the n^st five days. They want to 
surrender." De Valera asked permission to use 
the hospital telephone, in order to communi- 
cate with the military authorities. Dr. 
Keogh sent for Sir Arthur Ball, M.D., who 
informed De Valera that the telephone com- 
munication had been cut off, and suggested 
that he should proceed to the nearest mili- 
tary position, at the head of O rattan street, 
off Lower Mount street. De Valera did ao 



and after some preliminaries the Sinn Feiners 
were marched out of the dispensary and up 
Urattan street. At the opening of surrender 
negotiations De Valera said to the military 

V ou may shoot me, but my men must be un- 
molested when surrendering." An exbnminn 
attributed to De Valera at "the sunder w as 

It only the people had come out with knives 
and forks, but afterwards this statement was 
said to have been made earlier in the proceed 
ingsto an employe of Messrs. Boland's, who 
had been detained by the Sinn Feiners to at- 
tend to that firm s horses." 



AT PORTOBELLO BRIDGE. 

One of the most exciting of the 
events of the early part of Easter Monday 
took place at Portobello Bridge resulting 
the wrecking of Davy's public house ^nd 
injury to at least four persons. It was 
shortly after mid-day when the rebels an 
peared on the scene They at once took 
possession of the publichouse, which com 
mands the approaches to the bridge and" 
posted their men at the windows. Some of 
the rebels were outside on the footpath 
and a military officer who was passing was 
fired at. He returned to the barracks" and 
a strong armed guard turned out ' The 
soldiers were subjected- to some volley firing 
from the windows of the publichouse 'as thev 
approached the bridge, but the men quickly 
took cover at the bridge wall, from which 
position they returned the fire of the 
rebels. The heavy firing doubtless alarmed 
the authorities in the barracks, as strong- 
reinforcements, with machine guns, were 
rushed up, to the accompaniment f 
the hearty cheering of the crowds on the 
Rathmines road. The people on the road- 
way were in great danger, and Superinten- 
dent Kiernan and Station -Sergeant Crosbie 
with a force of police, had a busy time en- 
deavouring to keep them out of rifle shot 
The tramway wires had been cut at the 
bridge, and long lines of cars were drawn 
up on the roadway Meanwhile the military 
had quickly matured their plans. An attack 
on .the publichouse was decided upon and 
led by a senior officer, the soldiers at once 
advanced to the _" fortress." Applying the 
butt-ends of their rifles, they soon hacked 
their way through the plate glass windows, 
and rushed into the house, which they 
searched from garret to cellar, only to find, 
as was supposed, that the rebels 
had made good their escape. In 
the attack the officer commanding was 
wounded, but not seriously. A soldier also 
sustained a bullet wound on the face. He 
was taken off to the military hospital in the 
barracks In the earlier part of the shooting 
Constable Myles, 99 E, was shot in the left 
wrist. He received first &id at Dr. Joyce's 
surgery close by, and later on was 
removed to hospital. A civilian, who 
was too venturesome, and who wac 
being shepherded by Superintendent 



25 



Kiernan into comparative safety, was also 
shot by the rebels. The bullet just grazed 
the officer's body and struck the civilian, hap- 
pilv inflicting only a slight wound. Both 
men had a narrow escape from being killed. 
Li the afternoon the military took charge 
of the streets leading to Fortobello Bridge, 
and stopped all traffic. 

AT JACOBS FACTORY. 

At Jacob's bakery establishment in Peter 
street a considerable body of the rebels 
entrenched themselves behind bags of 
flour, which they had placed in win- 
dows in the upper flats, and from this j. lace 
ol comparative safety they steadily discharged 
ehots, aimed rrainly in the direction of Ship 
street military barracks, which stands in the 
hollow between the bakery and the rear of 
the Castle. It was extremely difficult to 
come to close quarters with them, for the 
bakery is surrounded by houses which 
hamper access to the building. A narrow 
lane runs close to one of it sides, but to enter 
it would have proved a death-trap to the 
soldiers. Gradually, however, the soldiers 
succeeded in overcoming their difficulties, and 
by wearing down the defence of the rebels 
compelled them to give up what they rightly 
recognised was for them a hopeless struggle. 
A number of deaths occurred at this placv 
1 he surrender took place on Sunday, 30th 
April. It was a member of the Carmelite 
Order from Whitefriar street who was in- 
strumental in persuading them to \ield. Amid 
the cheers of the crowd gathered about the 
building, the clergyman was hoisted by a 
number of men up to one of the lower win- 
dows, from which the bags of flour used in- 
stead of sand by the rebels had been pulled. 
He went inside the factory, and not long 
alter a party of Volunteers \_lked out. The 
garrison, leaving their Mas flying, came out of 
the factory one by one on Sunday night, many 
ot them dressed in civilian attire, which had 
been passed in to them by their friends at the 
rear of the factory. The crowd then indulged 
in looting on an extensive scale, many bags of 
flour and boxes of biscuits being carried off. 



AT THE SOUTH DUBLIN UNION. 

After a week's occupation of portion of the 
South Dublin Union, the rebels sur- 
rendered on Sunday night, April 
30th. Their number was greatly re- 
duced from its original strength, but those 
who insisted, despite the uti^r hopelessness of 
their plight, in continuing a forlorn fight, 
•I great uneasiness in the district. They 
had several opportunities di ring the wee'e of 
Fnrrend jring, but rbey refused ever? time. 
'Ibeir last stand was made In the 
Boardroom of the institution, which they forti- 
fied as best they could, the official ledgers and 
other formidable bonks being piled through 
the win Inws as p;irt of the defences. A rart 
fro i bullet perforation in the windows and 
tome h isc tib-s on tne roof the frontage a') 
J*». .«'j street was uot badly damaged, arid 



it was obvious that the military dealt leni- 
ently with it in consideration of the inmates 
and other innocent persons whose lives were 
endangered 

Throughout the week the Union was the 
centre of severe fighting, in the course of 
which Nurse eKogh was accidentally killed 
by a shot while discharging her duty. The rebels 
took up suitable sniping positions at Dolphin's 
Barn, Marrowbone lane, Watling 't.-eet, 
Kingsbridge, Kilmainham, Rialto, and Inchi- 
core, while a party which seized Messrs. Hoes 
malting stores near Mount Brow.i also gave 
trouble. On Wednesday the latter were 

driven out by heavy fire, but in the evening 
made their way along the banks of the 
River Camae, with the object apparently of 
getting towards the open country. Their pro- 
gress, however, was barred by firing parties 
judiciously posted, and some of them were 
killed, while others were rounded up and 
captured. There were unfortunately some 
casualties amongst civilians. Two children 
were shot in the vicinity of Dolphin's Barn. 
At Watling street, near the river, snipers shot 
across in the direction of the Royal Barracks, 
but they were disposed of without causing 
serious damage. Exhaustive searches were 
made in houses in the neighbourhood, and 
some ri.les and ammunition were found. Most 
of the prisoners were taken io Kilmainham 
Jail under strong escorts. 

AT THE FOUR COURTS. 

Not far from Charles street are the Four 
Couits, which formed one of the Volunteers' 
strongholds. The Courts of Law presented 
an extraordinary appearance. The gates wer»j 
closed and barricaded with all kinds of fur- 
niture, and inside each was a Volunteer 
sentry. The buildings within were held by 
the rebels, whose number could not be ascer- 
tained. That many hands had been at work 
was apparent. Most of the windows were 
blocked with books and other things taken 
from the offices, many of which doubtless 
contained valuable records. Church street 
Bridge was a centre of interest. It had been 
barricaded by the Sinn F.einers on Monday. 
A couple of sentries, marching up and down, 
did not allow the many inquisitive sight- 
seers to cross into the space at the end of 
( nureh street. It was possible to go up the 
Southern quays, but not up the Northern, 
owing to the position of the Volunteers. The 
next bridge was open to pedestrians, but was 
not fice from danger. The rebels took in a 
number of prisoners, and kept them until 
they surrendered on Saturday. The Mendi- 
city Institute, not far off, had been one of 
the rebels' fortresses, but bad been success- 
fully enfiladed by the soldiers on Monday. 

Easter Si Kings should have commenced on 
Thursday, 27th April, but at the time when 
the Lord Chancellor would, under ordinary 
circumstances, have been standing in the Cen- 
tral Hall, wearing his State robes and re- 
ceiving the judges, the building was in pos- 
session of the insurgents, and bloody war Lad 
usurped the place of Law. 



V7 



Much anxiety was felt as to what was going 
od in tho Record Office, where thousands of 
valuable historical documents, wills, deeds, 
etc., are stored, and great relief was experi- 
enced when it was found that the majority 
of these documents, though much tossed about, 
had not been seriously damaged. Some 
bundles containing wills had been thrown 
out on the adjoining streets, and had been 
taken away by residents in Church street, 
not so much, it is believed, as "loot," but 
rather as curious souvenirs of the rebellion. 
When these people learnt that the authorities 
were again in possession of the Record Office, 
it is to their credit that many of them brought 
these documents back to their custodian. 



N03TH KING STREET. 

Nowhere was the righting mora intense than 
in the area of which North King street is the 
centre. The narrow thoroughfares had been 
barricaded by the Sinn Feiners. and the task 
of the military was one of great difficulty and 
danger, as many of the houses were occupied 
by snipers. The women and children weie 
urged to leave the district, but declined to ao 
so, and, unfortunately, there is no doubt that 
people who were not taking part in the opera- 
tions were killed. Many charges were made 
against the military, and these were dealt with 
by the Commander-in-Chief in his despatches, 
and in a special statement to a Press repre- 
sentative. 

SIR JOHN MAXWELL ANSWERS CHARGES OF 
3RUTALITY. 

General Sir John Maxwell made the follow- 
ing statement to a correspondent of the Daily 
Mail on Thursday, 13th May : — 

" The allegations of brutality seem almost 
exclusively concerned with the fighting in 
North King street. Our policy during the 
suppiession of the rebellion was to put a 
military cordon round the chief rebel area in 
Sackville street, but when we had done so 
we discovered that there was another centre 
of importance at the Four Courts, and we 
determined also to encircle that. One line 
of this cordon was to pass through North 
King street. We discovered, however, that 
instead of being outside the rebel area, this 
&n*-v actually cut through it, and very 
j^speiate fighting occurred before we could 
complete the cordon in this street. With the 
one exception of the place at Ballsbridge, 
where the Sherwood Foresters were am- 
bushed, this was by far the worst fighting 
that occurred in the whole of Dublin. At 
first the troops, coming from one end of the 
street, were repulsed, and it was only when 
we made an attack from both ends that we 
succeeded after twenty-four hours' fightirfg 
in capturing the street. 

MOVING FROM HOUSE TO HOUSE. 

"The casualties were very heavy during 
this fighting. The troops weie continually 
fired at from the roofs and upper windows of 
the houses. With modern rifles it is impos- 



sible to tell by the sound the exact direction 
from which a bullet comes. The rebels were 
moving from house to house. As the troops, 
for instance, moved along the street the 
rebels would escape pound the back doors and 
fire again on the truCps from behind prac- 
tically every house there. Five had to be 
searched and occupied. Always we found 
that the rebels sought to cloak themselves 
behind their women. When we began to 
search a house they threw away their rifles 
and joined the women hercing at the back, 
pretending that they had been ther.j all the 
time. These rebels wore no uniform, and 
the man who was shooting at a soldier one 
minute might, for all he knew, be walking 
quietly beside him in the street at another. 
We tried hard to get the women and children 
to leave the North King street area; they 
would not go; their sympathies were w.Hh 
the rebels, and this must be remembered w 
connection with their allegations now. It 
was impossible from headquarters to exercise 
direct control over the sort of fightinj* that 
occurred, since the telegraph and telephone 
wires were out of order. Nearly everything 
had to be left to the troops on the sp >t. 

TREACHEROUS ASSAILANTS. 

"Possibly unfortunate incidents, wh eh we 
should regret now, may have occurred. It- 
did not, perhaps, always follow that where 
shots were fired from a particular house the 
inmates were always necessarily aware of it 
or guilty, but how were the soldiers to dis- 
criminate ? They saw their comrades killed 
beside them by hidden and treacherous issail- 
ants, and it is even possible that under the 
horrors of this peculiar attack some of them 
'saw red.' That is the inevitable conse- 
quence of a rebellion of this kind. It was 
allowed to come into being among these 
people, and could not be suppressed by vel- 
vet-glove methods where our troops were so 
desperately opposed and attacked. Some, a& 
any rate, of the allegations are certainly false, 
and are probably made in order to establish » 
claim for compensation from the Govern- 
ment. I have ordered a very strict 
military inquiry into all the allega- 
tions that are made. Officers uncon- 
nected with the units charged will visit all 
houses where complaints are made in order 
to investigate the circumstances impartially 
on the spot. Battalions concerned will be 
paraded in order that witnesses who are 
making allegations of brutality, which they 
claim to have seen personally, may have an 
opportunity, if they can, of identifying 
officers or men responsible, and every such 
case will be fully inquired into. Any man 
proved guilty will be properly punished and 
the full results of th« inquiry made publio 
as soon as possible. 

"Meanwhile I am happy to note that, is 
spite of thesn aV stations, the people of Dub- 
lin continue eft excellent terms with thp 
troops Even tn N''irth King street itself* 
which 1 visited yr-stfrday, I saw the soldierf 
talking- in the frie»--df rest way with the womeii 
at their doc's. Indeed, 1 think that Une 



popularity of the soldiers in Dublin to-day 
is most gratifying and is one of the best 
possible proofs of the exaggeration, to say 
the least of it, shown in these allegations." 

TWO BODIES BURIED IN A CELLAR. 

Dr. Louis A. Byrne, City Coroner, in the 
Morgue on Tuesday, 16th May, conducted in- 
quests on the bodies of Patrick Bealen, aged 
30, who had been employed as foreman at 
Mrs. Mary O'Rouike's licensed house, 177 
North King street, Dublin, and James Healy, 
aged 44, employed as a labourer at Messrs. 
Jameson's Distillery, Bow street, and residing 
*t Little Green street. The bodic. which 
bore marks of bullet wounds, had bc;h been 
disinterred on. 10th May in the cellar of_ 177 
North King street by the sanitary authorities. 
At the opening of the inquest the previous Fri- 
day evidence was heard, and suggestions were 
made against the military who had been on 
duty in North King street. The Coroner 
then adjourned the further hearing of evi- 
dence until Tuesday, and notified the mili- 
taiy authorities of the adjourned sitting. 

Major Rhodes, Assistant Provost Marshal, 
69th Division, and Captain Shenr-ard were 
present on Tuesday on behalf of the military 
authorities. 

Mr. J. C. R Lardner, M.P. (instructed by 
Mr. John J. McDonald) appeared for the next- 
of-kin of the deceased men. 

Inspector Travers represented the polio, 
authorities. 

MRS. O'ROURKE'S EVIDENCE. 

Mrs. Mary O'Rourke, owner of the 
licensed premises 177 North King 
street, said', in reply to Mr. Lardner, 
that the military entered her house 
about 12 o'clock midnight on 28th April. Her 
three children, the cook, Patrick Bealen, and 
herself were then in the cellar for safety. They 
•were there several hours when the military 
came in. A sergeant and a private came 
down and searched Bealen and witness's son, 
■who was not 13 years of age. The soldiers 
subsequently took them all to the kitchen, 
which was on the second (light of stairs. Two 
soldiers remained with them, and later cri a 
third came in. An officer came in on Satur- 
day morning, and ordered the soldiers out of 
the kitchen, saying: " Jt is a shame to rut 
them in the kitchen, as it is so small.'' To 
the soldiers he 'aid : " You have no right to 
be here; leave the kitchen to the ladies." 
Bealen was taken away an hour or two pre- 
vious to the arrival of the officer. 

Dr. Meldon gave evidence as to i!ie wounds 
•which caused 1 the death of Bealen. Jn his 
opinion the shots which killed the man had 
been fired from a considerable distance. 

Dr. Matthew Russ«ll, Assistant Medical 
OhVer of Health for Dublin, gave evidence ha 
to the exhuming of the body of the deceased. 
It had been baiied in the cellar, atout 12 
inches from the surface 'J he body was fully 
dressed. Under neoth the body a second 
body, thaf. of James Uealy, was discovered, 
also fully dressed. 



Mr M. A Moym'han, Borough Surveyor, 
stated on searching the cellar he found a por- 
tion of the floor softer than the surrounding 
f^rts. He made an exca Uion where it was 
soft, and the sanitary t .*ff continued the 
excavation in his presence until they came 
upon the two bodies. He added that be found 
the "spoil " from the grave under the slide by 
which the barrels were lowered fioin the 
street. 

Michael Brophy, attendant in the Coroner's 
Court, said he found tied with a bootlace at 
the back of Bealen 's shirt £7 in notes and 
gold and one penny in his coat pocket. 

WOMAN'S ACCOUNT OF THE SHOOTING. 

Mrs. Roseanna Kncwles, 23 Lurgan street, 
which is close to 177 North King street, 
stated that during the week of the disturb- 
ances a number of soldiers were billeted in 
her house. She had some conversations with 
them. l{ 3 asked the soldiers, " Was there 
much kjf id?" One of them said, "There 
was ,' gv>od deal of our men killed and a 
good leal .-* of the others." He further 
Eaid : "1 only pitied the poor fellow at 
the corner (O'Rcurke's) and the woman who 
was fainting." 

Did he say why he pitied' him? He said, 
" I pitied him from my heart; though I bad to 
shoot him. He had made tea for me." 

What else did he say? He said they had 
brought the prisoner downstairs in O'Rourke s. 
ibe soldier said that the man gave him his 
penknife and his ring. He produced' the pen- 
knife, but said he had lost the ring. 

What happened then? He said thit when 
they brought him downstairs he had not the 
heart to shoot him straight, and' that they 
told him (the deceased) to go up r gain, and 
at the foot of the st '-s they shot i.im — that 
they " let bang " at the foot of the stairs. 
MILITARY STATEMENT. 

The Coroner — Major Khudes, do you wish 
to say anything? 

Major Rhodes — No, but I w^ould ask you to 
read a statement that had been marie by 
Lieutenant-Colonel il. Taylor. Commanding 
the 2nd/6th South Staffords. 

The statement was then read by the 
Coroner. It was as follows : — 

" I cannot discover any military witnesses 
as to. the manner in which the two men, 
Patrick Bealen and James Healy, met with 
their deaths, but I cannot believa that the 
alienations made at the inquest can be correct. 
Patrick Bealen was certainly never brought 
to the guardroom. To the best of my know- 
ledge and belief, during the military opera- 
tions in Capel street and King street, which 
lasted from 6 a.m. on Friday, 28th April, 
until the truce was declared on the after- 
noon of Saturday, 29th (and which were, in 
fact, continued for some hours after that by 
the rebels >n that area), only those house* 
were entered by the military whicJk th« 
exigencies of the case rendered actually neces- 
sary, and no persons were attacked by th« 
troops other than those who were assisting 
the rebels, and found with arms in their pos- 
session. 



29 



FIRING TROM Hf SES. 

" Tiio premises No. 17 1 North King street 
were indicated to me as one of the houses 
from w h eh the troops had been repeatedly 
fired upon, and the troops were also continu- 
ally fired upon both dining the night of the 
2^th April and the whole of the following 
day from the distillery, at which the deceased 
man. James Hea'y, was stated to have been 
employed. The operations in the port'on of 
King street, between Linen hall street and 
Church street, were conducted under circum- 
stances of the greatest difficulty and danger 
for the troops engaged, who were subjected 
to severe fire, not only from behind several 
rebel barricades, which had been constructed 
across King street, and other barr cades in 
Church street and the side streets, but arso 
from practically every house in that portion 
of King street and other buildings overlook- 
ing it. 

"Strong ev'dence of these difficulties and 
dangers is afforded by the fact that it took 
the troops from 10 a m. on the 28th April 
until 2 p.m. on the 29th to force their way 
along King street from Linenhall street to 
Church street, a distance of some 150 yards 
only ; and that the casualties sustained by 
the reg merit (the great majority of which 
oi-cnrred at this spot) numbered five officers 
(including two captains) wounded, 14 n.c.o.'a 
and men killed and 28 wounded. 

'" I may add (1) that the rebels for some 
hours after the truce was declared continued 
firing on my men. who, although they sus- 
tained several further casualties, did not 
reply : and (2) that durng these continued 
hostilities after the truce the rebels, by firing 
on the R.A.M.C. (one of whom they wounded) 
prevented the removal of some of our wounded 
for several hours, and the latter could only 
be ultimately removed by means of an 
armoured car. 

" I am satisfied that during these operations 
the troops under my command showed great 
moderation and restraint under exceptionally 
difficult and trying circumstances." 

VERDICT OF THE JURY. 

The Coroner having briefly addressed t'ae 
iurv, the following verdict was returned : — 

•■ We find that the said Patrick Bea'in died 
from shock and hemorrhage, resulting from 
bullet wounds inflicted by a soldier, of 
soldiers, in whose custody he was, an unarmed 
and unoffending prisoner. We consider that 
the explanation given by the military authori- 
ties is very unsatisfactory, and we believe 
that if the military authorities had anv in- 
clination they could produce the officer ii 
charge." 

INQUEST ON JAMES HEALY. 

The adjourned inquest on the body of 
James Healy. which was also found buried in 
the cellar of 177 North King street, was then 
res u meet. 

The jury returned a vrvdict in terms simi- 
lar to that recoidect in the case of Lieaien. 



MR. ASQUITH AND COURTS OF INQUIRY, 

A large number of questions were put in 
the House of Commons from time to time 
regarding alleged shooting of civilians in the 
North King street area, and various members 
urged the Government to hold a public in- 
quiry. On Monday, 17th July, Mr. Asquith 
said he undertook that these cases should be 
carefully investigated, but there had never 
been any promise of a public inquiry. Ac- 
cordingly, after all available evidence had 
been secured, courts of inquiry were held, and 
the witnesses examined. The conclusion arrived 
at after a full hearing in all the cases was that 
the deaths occurred in the course of con- 
tinuous and desperate street and house-to- 
house fighting, which lasted for nearly two 
days, and in which the soldiers were con- 
stanlty exposed to sniping from the windows 
and roofs of the houses. There could be little 
doubt that some men who were not taking an 
actual part in the fighting were in the course 
of the struggle killed by both rebels and 
soldiers, but, after careful inquiry, it was 
impossible to bring home responsibility to any 
particular person or body of persons. ' He had 
himself read the evidence taken by the courts 
of inquiry, fie was of opinion that further 
inquirv would not be likely to lead to any 
d.fieient result. 



FHE ATTACK ON THE MAGAZINE FORT. 

About noon on Easter Monday eight or nine 
motor cars dashed into the Phoenix Park 
through Island Bridge gate. Each of these was 
crowded with men dressed in their ordinary 
clothes, and, having regard to the occasion, 
any passer-by would have taken it fur 
granted that they were out for a holiday, and 
probably on their waj to Fairyhouse Races. 
Immediately afterwards seven men in uniform, 
driving on a couple of outside cars, the num- 
bers of which were concealed, arrived on ttiA 
scene. The Fort was occupied by Mrs. Piay- 
fair, the wife of the eemmanaant (then at 
the front in France), and her family of two 
sons and a daughter. The garrison consisted 
of only a few soldiers, of whom the sentry 
was immediately disposed of, and the assail- 
ants, rushing into the guardroom, covered the 
others with revolvers. One of the men in 
uniform seized Mrs. Playfair by the arm, and, 
presenting a revolver, ordered her to show 
him the telephone, which he promptly cut. 
Then he gave them six minutes to get out of 
th^ Fort before he blew it up. The elder of 
Mrs. Playfair's boys rushed dewn to Park 
place, about ■-> hundred yards from the Fort, 
to a house m which he thought there was a 
telephone, and just as the ladv of the house 
had opened the door n Sinn Feiner rode up 
to the sate n*i a bicycle, and. rushing to t tie 
door, discharged three shots point blank into 
the unfo.tunate lad. from the effects of which 
he died next rnnruin?. '1 he aseaila^ifc 
escaped down Conynghnm road to the 
citj Fortunately the desimi. of the rebels on 
the Magazine was only successful to a limited 
extent/ Thev set the mit^r nortion of it. 
which contains onlv small arms, on fire, ami 



30 



evidently being in a great hurry to get away, 
and unaware that the high explosives were 
etored in a different compartment, they tied 
from the scene, after a stay of about twenty 
minutes. For a time, of course, the danger of 
an explosion was imminent, but the soldiers 
who arrived on the scene worked verj 
piuckily and successfully to get the upper 
nand of the fire, and, aided by the Fire 
Brigade, they managed to extinguish it before 
the next morning. 



Till: FIGHT AT NORTH CIRCULAR ROAD 
AND CABRA. 

The northern suburbs perhaps more than 
»ny other part of the Dublin -leLropolitan area 
were affected by the general hold up of traffic. 
From Wednesday, 26th April, they were cut 
off from all communication with the centre of 
the city. All traffic along the Phoenix Park 
road and to Cabra road was stopped, and the 
m.litary pickets had the most peremptory 
orders to prevent people from passing through. 

All this was following a fight which took 
fflace on Tuesday in the Cabra district. The 
rebels had placed barricades both on the Park 
road and on Cabra road near the point at 
which Charleville road links up these thorough- 
fares. Houses overlooking the barricades had 
been occupied by the revolutionaries mi the 
Monday, and these positions were held until 
the arrival of the Dublin Fusiliers from 
'Jemplemore. The military at once attacked 
the houses, where, after a sharp fight, s.oree 
of the rebels surrendered, while others 
escaped, it was believed, towards Glasnevin 
amd Fmglas, going across country. 

Following this the closest military precau- 
tions were taken. At first the entrance to the 
(jlasrev.n road trom the North Circular road 
was barred by a strong picket, and later on 
the pickets were pushed out as far as the 
Cross Guns Bridge, commanding the canal and 
jailwav line running to the North Wall, the 
Whit worth road, and the Finglas road. 



AT GLASNEVIN. 

The reople in Phibsborough were kept 
within the cordon, wl.ile the people in Glas- 
nevin were rigidly excluded, and 
only on the most urgent busi- 
ness coo. a pei mission Le obtained to pass. 
On Ihursday it became apparent that some- 
t fi 1 1 1 i> approaching a food f; .uine was imminent. 
'J he alarm was instantaneous. Immediately 
itiu provision shops in th; district were be 
HPi>ed, the f!our mills at Cross Guns Bridge, 
were crowded, and men and women of all 
r I asses were seen carrying away parcels of 
f--T, potatoes, bread, and everything that 
could be procured in the way of foodstuffs. 
"J be butchers' shops weu soon cleared and 
<hf- provision stores were sold out by Satur- 
day. Many people wpnt out to the Finjlas 
»iij*ge where the local butchers did a tre 
mendous tiade. While the food crisis was iv. 
proeresa th- anxiety of the residents of this 
distrii t was increased by the alarming 
runours wh.ch were in constant circulation a« 
to alleged happenings in the city. Th* 



rumours, needless to say, became more alarming 
as they were passed about from one group to 
another, and all the time there wm nothing 
official, nothing definite A>» night fell the 
anxiety was not eased. The constant sniping, 
the occasional big gun firing, and then the sky 
Lt up by the reflection from sonu blazing 
building all combined to make the 
night more terrible even than the day. 
IVlany pathetic sights were witnessed 
in connection with funerals going 
to Glasnevin Cemetery. Owing to the r<nd 
regulations in force only the driver of the 
hearse and at most one n.ourner were allowed 
to accompany the remains. But many were 
driven through the military cordon accom- 
panied only by the driver of the hearse These 
regulations were relaxed with the utmost speed 
by the military. Up to Wednesday, 3rd May, 
the residen'= found it a matter of difficulty to 
obtain permits from the military station at 
Cross Guns Bridge, and business people were 
eubjeoted to long delays before they could 
resume duty in the city. 

AT DRUMCONDRA. 

The district from the Cross Guns Bridge to 
Glasnevin was entnely Lee from thj presence 
of active rebels, but they were present in con- ! 
siderable numbers from the Whitworth road to 
Mountjoy square. Even after the general 
surrender on Saturday, 29th April, the sniping 
in that district gave the military and the civil 
inhabitants a great deal of troible. Dorset 
street and the streets off it were in a very 
disturbed state. The large warehouse of 
Messrs. Baker and Sons in Dorset street had 
its windows smashed, and some drapery uoods 
were carried off b / looters Sniping was 
heard on Monday, 1st May, in that district, in 
sDite of the search of houses carried < at by 
the military. 

BATTLE AT FAIRVIEW. 

The residents in Fairview had a. lively 
time during the rebellion. On Easter Mon- 
day evening the rebels took possession of 
Ballybough Bridge and the houses around, 
and began to question those who came along, 
to search them, and to turn some of them 
back. They also seized several motor cars. 
At Annesley Bridge their tactics were the 
same. On the Wharf road they broke into 
the Dublin and Wicklow Manure Works, and 
took possession of houses at Fairview 
Corner and Philipsburgh avenue. In short, 
they occupied the whole of P'airview district 
until Wednesday, when soldiers arrived in the 
district. Having takon up positions along the 
ruilway embankment, they entered into 
action with the rebels, &nd ultimately drove 
them out with machine guns. The engngem'-fc 
lasted until Saturday, by which time all the 
Volunteers had gono from Fairview, either 
having been accounted for in one of several 
■*ays (: having deemed discretion the better 
part ot valour. While the action was in 
progress several persons were wounded 
throgyh exposing themselves in the lure o{ 
fire. 



31 



THE RAILWAYS DURING THE RISING. 



DUBLIN AND SOUTH-EASTERN. 

The Dublin and' South Eastern Railway was 
particularly unfoitunate in that both ex- 
tremes ot the system, that is, Dublin and 
Wexford, were the scenes of active rebellion, 
and in consequence the traffic along the line 
was almost entirely suspended, exoe; t for 
mint iry purposes, tn s causing a higher pro- 
portion ot loss to this railway company than 
to the other railway companies .<aving termini 
in Dublin. The line between Dublin a^d 
Kingstown was under entire rrilitary control, 
and under partial cor trol between Kingstown 
and Kerns Co. Wexford, at which latter point 
the Tinn Feiners had taken possession of the 
railway. 1 he effect .if this was to leave the 
counties which this company serves without 
any means of communication for passengers or 
for tiansit c.f goods ar 1 supplies, so that the 
counties of Wicklow and Wexfou, and tho 
southern portion of County Duoiin, were left 
to test their ability to support tnemselves. 

A tout midday on Easter Monday the Sinn 
Feir.ers took possession of Westland row and 
H-ircourt street stations, and remained 
in possession of the former station 
until 3rd May, but they gave up possession 
of Earcourt street Station on 25th April 
Laving held it for less than 24 hours, after 
which the military came into occupation. 
•The locomotive, carriage, and wagon works 
at (Itand Canal street were also occupied by 
the Sinn Feiners on Easter Monday, and 
hel.j throughout the whole period of the re- 
bellion. The company's property suffered 
damage to the extent of about £2,000 as the 
result of the occupation of the Sinn Feiners 
ana' military, and the loss of receipts to the 
company has been estimated at about £14,000. 
A sum of £731 was granted by the Goulding 
Commission for structural damages, this 
being substantially the amount claimed. 

MIDLAND GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. 

The material damage to the railway of the 
Midland Creat Western Comnany was in- 
considerable, the cost of repairs not exceed- 
ing £600 or £700, but the resulting loss of 
revenue, whilst the line was controlled by the 
military authorities, amounted to about 
£20,000 — a serious reduction in war times. 

Contrary to statements freely made at the 
time, the Dublin passenger station of the com- 
pany at Broadstone did not fall into the hands 
of the rebels, although under attack for four 
days. On Easter Monday the bridges carry- 
ing the Cabra and JSorth Circular roads over 
the railway were occupied by the insurgents, 
who, in the first instance, erected barrier* 
across the roadways, and subsequently made 
repeated attempts — which were rnsuccessful — 
to blow up the bridges, apparently with the 
double object of rendering the roads im- 
passable for troops and of blocking the rail- 
way. The North Circular road bridge com- 
manded the station yard and platforms, as 



well as a private pathway constructed by the 
company for the use of employes passing to 
and from their work, and during the morning 
of Easter Tuesday occasional shots were fired 
at the station premises from this bridge ; 
otherwise the first twenty-four hours after thfl 
outbreak passed at Broadstone without in- 
cident. At about two o'clock on the same 
day troops advanced along the Circular road 
from the direction of the Park, and. having 
brought field guns into position, proceeded 
to shell the barricade, and, having destroyed 
it, cleared the rebels out of the adjoining 
houses which had been occupied by them. A 
company of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers then 
proceeded by the private pathway to Broad- 
stone, with which communication was estab- 
lished about 4 o'clock p.m. Immediately 
afterwards the station was attacked from the 
front, no doubt in ignorance of the previous 
arrival of troops, but on their fire being re- 
turned, the rebels quickly took cover, and did 
not again appear in the open during the four 
days fighting which ensued. During this time 
sniping took place almost continuously, the 
station being fired on from several directions. 

LINE TORN UP— CATTLE TRAIN WRECK-ED. 

During Monday night troops had been 
ordered over the line, and the rebels 
having; become aware of the fact, took steps 
with the object of wrecking the expected troop 
train. An abortive effort to destroy a culvert 
near Liffey Junction was made, and during the 
early hours of the morning of the Tuesday, 
25tb April, the permanent way at Blanchards- 
town was blown up, and a cattle special pro- 
ceeding in advance of the troop train was de 
railed and wrecked. On the same morning an 
engine in steam at Broadstone was seized by 
rebels, placed on the up line, and started, 
those in charge jumping clear as soon as the 
engine began to gather speed. This act 
would have resulted in disaster if the runaway 
locomotive had met a passenger or troop train 
coming in the opposite direction, but for- 
tunately it was thrown off the line at the 
Liffey Junction points, after running uncon- 
trolled for about a mile. Meantime, in con- 
sequence of the Blanchardstown derailment, 
the troops had been diverted to another 
station, where they detrained without mishap. 

In the provinces little interference with 
the railway was experienced by this company, 
save in the section between Athenry and 
Galway, where the permanent way was toir\ 
up for a short distance on three reparrte 
occasions, telegraph wires were cut, and the 
electric instruments in a signal cabin were 
destroyed. 

By order of the military authorities, the 
running of pufclic trains from and to Dublin 
was completely suspended from the 24th April 
until the 3rd May, when a restricted service of 
" refugee " trains from Dublin was estab- 
lished" The running of ordinary passenger 
trains to and from Dublin was resumed on 5th 
May, but the full service was not brought into 
operation until the 8th. 



GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY. 

On Ea.-ler Monday the last ordinary trains 
to leave Amiens street Station were the 2.0 
to Dundalk, and the 2-46 to Howth. Later in 
tbe day, by permission of Uie military authori- 
ties, two special trains conveyed excursionists 
who had arrived in the morning back to Bel- 
fast. '1 rains that were on their way from 
the North at 3.30 p.m arrived safely at 
Amiens street. 

The ordinary passenger train service was 
not resumed until Wednesday, 3rd May, wher 
one tram ran each way between Dublin and 
Howth. J he rebels were not in evidence at 
Amiens street at all. On Tuesday night the 
military occupied thj station, and made it 
ti.eir headquarters for the North side of the 
city. Ihere w : as no damage done at Amiens 
street. 

On Easter Monday, about 2 30 p.m., an 
attempt was made to blow up the down line 
over the Kogerstown Bridge between Donabate 
and Rush and Lusk, ar -' the line was damaged 
to the extent of £250, for which a claim has 
been made on tne county. Trartic was worked 
over the upline. 

There was also an attempt made to blow up 
the clown line between the middle nrch at Fair- 
view sloblands and the Whart road, and tha 
rails were damaged', but traffic v. as worked 
over the up- line. 

GRSAT SOUTHERN AND WESTERN RAILWAY. 

At the annual general meeting of the share- 
holders of the Great Southern and Western 
Railway Company, at the Kingsbridge ter- 
minus.' on February 28th, 1917, Sir Win. J. 
Goulding, Bart., D.L.. Chairman of the Com 
party, referred to the rebellion, which, he 
said, resulted in practically no trains being 
run over the Great Southern and Western 
Bail way in and out of Dublin until May 1st, 
when two trains a day were run until Mon- 
day, May 8th. when they gradually increased 
the service. The loss of revenue to the com- 
pany was estimated at £21,000, for which a 
claim had been made to the Government. He 
v is Mad to say that the company was able 
t.. give great assistance to the authorities by 
turning out five armoured cars, which saved 
mm h life to the soldiers, and the company 
had put up a very large number of military 
at Kingsbridge, and provided food for the 
<jt!i I 

THE TRAMWAY SERVICE. 
'1 lie extent to which the tramway service 
of Dublin suffered dining the rebellion was 
plain by Mr. Wm. Martin Murphy, 
tbe Chairman of the Dublin United Tramways 
i ■.., Ltd., at the thirty-seventh ordinary meet- 
in,' of the company, held on Tuesday, 26th 
February, 1917. Mr. Murphy said that com- 
pared vyith many of their neighbours the com- 
pany's property escaped very serious damage 
-Acmtwifi lv we'.l dining ilmt destructive tinre. 
'1 *•?">. ft.'ierating station was in great jeopardy 
fur a time, as it was in the undisputed posses- 
ion of the rebels, who. however, he was 
bound t<> acknowledge, did no damage of any 
kind there. As it was, the material damage 



to their property was comparatively small, 
viz., the loss of two tramears t umed in the 
streets and some damage to the overhead wire 
system. None of their buildings was damaged 
by fire, not even their offices, though the con- 
flagration w tnch consumed nearly the whole 
of Lower Sackviile street did not stop till it 
reached the narrow street which separates 
them from Mr. Lawience's premises, nat 
been burned to the ground. Honourable 
mention was due to their traffic manager, Mr. 
I). Brophy, in connection with the escape of 
the offices from the fate of the adjoining 
buildings. He remained m charge until the 
fire readied the opposite side of the lane, 
when in the early hours of Friday morning, 
28th April, he succeeded in making his way 
to the Pro -Cat bed rat, where many people had 
taken refuge. While there he found the offi- 
cer in charge of the military operations pre- 
paring to bombard the building in the belief 
that rebels were sniping from the windows, 
but Mr. Brophy was able to satisfy him that 
the report he received was entirely devoid of 
truth, as he. Mr. Brophy. had just come 
-from there himself. though their direct lo«s 
of property was small, and was compensated 
for to some extent by the Government, the 
company suffered a heavy loss of traffic by 
the entire stoppage of their tramway seivice 
for ten days and its dislocation for a long time 
after, for which they had so far received no 
compensation. They were told that the loss 
did not come within the scope of either of the 
committees set up in this country for con- 
sidering claims against the Go-vernmebt in 
connection with the rebellion, but the com- 
pany intend to press their very equitable 
claim by evev means in fbeir powpr. It win 
no <\\a operation to sav that the f<-»rnrs"v bad 
suffered a lo« of at least £15.000 r^ing to 
the event;: of List Eav-ter wef*k, and he w»»s 
still in hopes of getting hack a. substantial 
part of it. 

GRAND CANAL COMPANY, 

At the annual n, en;*v;_l .Tiec+inq- of tbe share- 
holders of the Graml Canal Comnanv. held' 
on Thursday, 15th February, 19'7. 'at the 
offices, James's street Harbour. Dublin, the 
Right Hon. L. A. Waldron, Chairman, re- 
ferred to the rebellion, and said the rebels 
were in possession of what were formerly 
Messrs. William Jameson's premises, now 
owned bv the Dublin Distillers' Company, 
and the King's troops were in Messrs. Guin- 
ness' 5 : hirae store: so that over the premises 
in which they were now sitting and the yard 
and harbour in front of them builds were 
flviug for some days. That was not an ,-ilmos- 
phere in which the carrying trade could be 
pursued and for fourteen days traffic was 
totally interrupted. They had claimed in re- 
spect of this from the Government a sum of 
£2.148, but they were told that for this de- 
scription of damage it was intended in make 
no compensation The- teason or equity of 
this decision was nrt apparent, and they had 
pressed, and would piess their claim. 



33 



STORY OF THE GREAT FIRES. 

TOLD BY CAPTAIN PURCELL, CHIEF 
OF DUBLIN FIRE EUGADE. 

£2,500,000 is put '■"own as an approximate 
value of all the buildings and stock destroved 
b.v the fires in Dublin during the rebellion. It 
is the estimate of Captain Pureell, Chief of J he 
Lublin Fire Bngace. The total number of 
buildings involved in the fires is over 200. 
With the assistance of a specially coloured map, 
Captain Pureell, on Monday, 1st May, de- 
scribed to q representative of the Irish 
Tunes the Hjea ol the fires as follows: — 

The total f.rca burnt on the east side of 
Sackville street district includes — Portion of 
the block between Cathedral street and Earl 
street, the whole block (between Earl street 
and Sackville place, bounded by Nelson lane 
at the back ; portion of the block between 
Sackville place and Abbey street, the whole 
block between Abbey street and Eden quay, 
bounded by Marlborough street on the east. 
The area of this east side district is 27,000 
square yards. Among the principal establish- 
ments in the area were the Royal Hibernian 
Academy, Clery's warehouse, the Imperial 
Hotel, the D.B.C-, the branches of the Hiber- 
nian Bank and the Munster and Leinster 
Bank, Wynn's Hotel, Hoyte's, the druggists; 
Messrs. Hamilton and Long's, Sir Joseph 
Downes's new restaurant and bakery, Law- 
rence's shops and warehouse. Messrs. Hopkins 
and Hopkins' jewellery establishment, and 
the four publicnouses — Messrs. Nagle's and 
Sheridan's, in North Earl street ; Messrs. 
Mooney's in Lower Abbey street, and Messrs. 
Mooney's on Eden quay, etc. 

On the west side of Sackville street the 
area destroyed by fire is as follows : — Portion 
of the block bounded by Henry street, Henry 
place, and Moore street; portion of the block 
fronting Henry street, between Moore street 
and Cole's lane, running back in part to 
Samson'= lane ; the whole block from the 
General Post Office back to Arnott's ware- 
house, fronting to Henry street back to 
Prince's street; the greater portion of the 
block from Sackville street fronting to Lower 
Abbey street back to Prince's street and to- 
wards Liffey street, within a short distance 
of the I tide pendent Printing Office, where the 
fire was stopped ; portion of the block to the 
south side of Middle Abbty street, with two 
houses fronting to Sackville street, up to and 
including No. 62 Middle Abbey street. This 
area of the fires on the west side of Sackville 
■treet is 34,000 square yards in extent. The 
principal buildings b*.>rnt are the General 
Post Office, the Hot^l Metropole. Messrs. 
Eason and Son's, Messrs. Manfield's new 
warehouss, the Freeman's Journal Office, 
Messrs. Bewley's, Messrs. Alexander Pierie's 
wholesale pap'* warehouse, Hampton 
Leedom's, MesO*. Curtis and Son's brass 
foundry and munition factory, where much 
work has be<» going on recently; the Oval 
Bar, Messrs. Thorn's Printing Works, Messrs. 
Bealy, Bvyers, and Walker's, and Messrs. 
FitzgeraT re, etc. 

Outside these principal areas there were 
ib.ee in two houses in Harcourt 6treet of £85 



valuation, and at Nos. 1, 2, and 3 Usher's 
quay, and round the corner into Bridge 
street, including two tenement houses, and 
Doherty's Hotel, Nos 17 to 21 Bridge street, 
where the fire was stopped before it reached 
the Brazen Head Hotel. These places have 
a total valuation, of £277. 

Another area of fire outside the Sackville 
street districts is that including the ancient 
Linen Hall Barracks, one of the landmarks 
in the history of a great national industry, 
recently the seat of the Civic Exhibition, 
and latterly the office of the Army 
Pay Department. Here 32 clerks were 
employed. They v ere surrounded and 
besieged for four days and unaLle to get 
food. Twice this place was fired. The staff 
dealt with it themselves. The Fire Brigade 
could not approach it. It is stated that on 
the fourth day the Tebels, by means of the 
bombs at the rear, ignited the building by 
setting fire to a wooden structure, erected at 
the time of the L.vic Exhibition. This was a 
ready prey to flames. This fire involved 
the portion of the Linen Hall occupied by 
Messrs. Hugh Moore and Alexanders, Ltd., 
wholesale druggists and drysaltere. The 
premises, which covered about two acres, con- 
tained huge stores of oils and chemicals. 

Some small conceptio ' of the work of the 
Brigade and the dange ';o the c.'ty of utter 
ruin may be gathered L'om the _\ : story 
Captain " Pureell gave v the fires „>.ao oc- 
curred and how the Brigade dealt with 
them, Captain Purcell's story is as follows : — ■ 
The first call came at 3.58 p.m. on Monday, 
24th April. It was from the Ordnance Depart- 
ment at Island Bridge, stating there was a fire 
at the Magazine in the Phoenix Park. A de- 
tachment was sent with a motor engine from 
the Thomas street section. They made their 
wav round Steevens' lane and Kingsbridge, 
and managed to get to the Magazine without 
opposition. They fcund one section of the 
Magazine on fire. Thb contained large quan- 
• tities of small arms and a large number of 
boxes of ammunition. That section of the 
Magazine was more or less destroyed, but the 
remainder was saved. In the meantime Lieu- 
tenant Myers, who attended with another 
motor engine, was held up at a barricade by 
Sinn Feiuers with loaded revolvers. One of 
these weapons was placed at the head of the 
driver, and he was ordered to return. 

(The Irish Times on Friday, 5th May, rub- 
lished the following:: — "Lieutenant Myers, of 
the Dublin Fire Brigade, requests us to von- 
tradict the statement, in a recent issue, that 
he was hel<-' up at a barricade by Sir- Feiners 
with loaded revolvers while proceeding to the 
fire at the Magazine in the Phoenix Park.) 

The following is the entry in the log book 
at the Tara street Central Fire Station : — 
"Monday, 24th April, 1916. 
"3.58 p.m. — By 'phone from Ordnance De- 
partment, Island Bridge, 'phone No. 3739. 
Fire in Magazine Fort, Phoenix Park. Sent 
same to A Station to attend, C. and D. to 
stand by, also to police and water control. 
"3.59 p.m. — Motor left for same. 
"4.6 p.m. — Motor returned, stree 1 - barricaded 
at Church street Bridge. Officer in charge of 
Volunteers refused to let brigade pass." 



34 



At 10.6 p.m. on Monday a box call came 
from the alarm at Nelson's Pillar that there 
waa a fire in the Cable Shoe Company's shop 
in Sackville street, The fire looked danger- 
ous, and at 10.24 p.m. the Buckingham street 
section seat for more help. The Tara street 
section also arrived. The fire was extin- 
guished at 10.59 p.m. At 11.30 p.m. there 
was a call of fire in the True Form Shoe shop, 
also in Sackville street. This place, like the 
Cable Sboe shop, had been looted, and 
papers, etc.. set alight. The fire was extin- 
guished at 1230 a.m. on Tuesday morning. 
THE SECOND DAY. 

Tue«dav 25th. began with three simultaneous 
fires in being. At" 12 1 a.m. Tuesday con- 
tinued Captain Purcell. we were told that 
No 4 North Earl street, was burning. Ihe 
outbreak was extinguished at 12.53 a.m. At 
4 11 p m on the same day the fire at 
Lawrence's, in Sackville street, began. A 
call tor move help was made at 4.15 p.m. 
We fought it until a Quarter past eight 
when it was practically extinguished, and 
about half of Lawrence's premises were ; saved. 
While working at Lawrences foe voueymg 
and firm- was going on at the General Post 
Office and Lawrence's was in tne line of fire. 
While the Brigade was working a man and a 
woman were shot beside the engine at the 
Henry street-Sackville street corner. A man, 
the brother of one of the brigade turncocks was 
shot be* : de the engine driver at Cathedral 
nlace the man leaves a wife and seven 

children From the top floor of Lawrence s 
the Brigade by means of an escape rescued a 
man and woman from a top window. 
THE THIRD DAY. 

\t 19 59 p m on Wednesday ,26th, Williams' a 
Stores at the back ot Henry street caught fire. 
TKeioTes were being looted at the time. Five 
men 'whom the flames prevented from getting 
l .7 hv the way thev had entered ran right 
*u ,„,K to Heurv street when the firemen 

,?ve The fire was extinguished rt 2 51 p.m. 
K! Brigade saved the : building but the con- 
,.,-,. ^1 keen looted. At 5.14 p.m. further 
fires took place at Williams s and were extin- 
guished. At 6.59 p.m. there was a fire at the 
N, rtb Wall in a quantity ot jute. Vve did not 
'.„ lt as tbe bridges were up and we could 
n, t get there. One of the company s men 
k e p t H down, and there was no fear of it 

^eadirvg to anything else. An outbreak in 
TJooer Sackville street was notified at 8.7 
p in on WedDesdav, but it was small. 
THURSDAY 271h. 

V 7 ,- attended a five at Harcourt street at 5.7 
., „,' on I'hursday, 27th. It was in-t behind 
the Ross*" Hotel. By 7 o'clock we had saved 
naif the house and v <• soon extinguished the 
(•','., Here we found a rifle, a bag of ammuni- 
tion and ,v '" ■ A '" |j;ui vnl,mtPer 
. ,' , , i _ i , > « - ; 1 1 the corner. Tin- Linen Hall fire 
^ a , reported al 9.50 a m.. rut was suppressed 
bv the private appliance? tl ere. 

WHERE THE GREAT FIRE BEGAN. 
We were informed ■>' 12.32 fim. th.it there 
v aa a (ire in the fri-»h Time Reserve I'mt- 
j,.. r QrFice in Abbey sli'i I. As that area was 



the scene of terrible rifle firing at the time I 
did not, said Captain Purcell, allow the 
Brigade to attend. The fire spread very 
rapidly owing to the barrier of furniture and 
bales of paper that had been placed across the 
street. The barrier extended from the / ri&h 
Times Office to Wynn's Hotel, and earned the 
fire stra:ght across to that side. That was 
where tne great fire began. As to how it 
grew I know nothing, except that heavy 
cannonading was going on. The military 
were shelling th&t district. 

THE FIRE SPREAD RAPIDLY. 
At 2.52 p.m. we were informed that 
it had reached Sackville place, in the rear 
of the Irish Timp* building. All I could do 
cvas to observe through a glass from our 
tower the progress of the flames. 1 saw the 
fire creeping along Aooey street in both 
directions on both sides, on the one hand 
up towards the Hibernian Bank at the coiner 
of Sackville street, and eastwards towards 
the Methodist church in Lower Abbey street, 
and then again on the south side \\ } rid s 
Hotel made a terrible blaze. 1 saw tbe tire 
gradually work up to Hoyte's corner, and 
through' the shops in Sackville street down 
to the D.B.C. restaurant. That being a very 
high building 1 knew- that it would stop the 
fire for a time, and as I saw the Grand 
Restaurant with its annex behind in Harbour 
Court at the rear I had a faint hope that the 
D.B.C. might survive. lt made a brave 
stand for hours. Then 1 noticed an ominous 
light in the upper lantern windows. It was 
at once an indication that the place was 
doomed. Little by little the smoke and 
llames gathered strength, and then burst 
through the veutillators and windows. After 
another half hour the roof showed up alight 
and the lantern on top was wrapped in 
flames, and the whole made a weird sight. 
lt was then getting dark; it was about half 
past seven. Once that fire was fully under 
way nothing could have saved the block. 
It burnt away all night. I traced the fire's 
path from the station tower through the 
various shops down to Hamilton and Long's, 
and out to the rear of the offices of the 
London and North-Western hailway Com- 
pany, leaving a little oasis about the corner 
in which were Scott's, the tailors, Hopkins's, 
and Lanigan's, with Lipton's illuminated ad- 
vertisement on the front on Eden quay, lt 
was only after long hours thai tins cornej 
succumbed. 

HOPING AGAINST HOPE. 
As to how tne fire was going northward^ 
I could form no accurate opinion owing to 
the huge volumes of fire between us and 
Clery's At intervals. when the wind 

wafted away great volumes of flame and 
smoke we "got glimpses of Clery's still 
standing intact. 1 was hoping against hope 
that it might stop the fire. But before morn- 
ing Clery's had gone the way of the rest. 
Fo"r the time being the northern wall and 
gable of Clery's withstood the fire and pre- 
vented it from going farther in a northerly 
direction. But tbe Hames mole their way 
behind Allen's, and took in Sir Joseph 
Downes's new bakery and restaurant. At 



this period I got into telephonic communica- 
tion with Hickey's on the north of INiortn 
Karl street, and was able to learn of the 
situation on that side. This was at a.m. on 
Friday, 28th. 

FRIDAY'S FIRES. 

It is needless to say, observed Captain 
Puree!!, that it was with awful pain, amount- 
ing to anguish of mind, that I witnessed this 
terrible destruction, that 1 felt 1 could have 
stopped easily if 1 could only have been 
aiiowed with any reasonable degree of safety 
to approach these premises earlier. How- 
ever, added the captain, we took our courage 
in our hands. I decided that I would make 
an effort, even at the eleventh hour, to «top 
the ruin. We proceeded with the Tara 
street section to Cathedral place, and under 
cover of Hickey's shop and through the 
rooms above the warehouse we threw volumes 
of water into Sir Joseph Downes's restaurant, 
and extinguished the fire, winch was right :i> 
front and" hkeiy to ignite Hickey's ware- 
house. For the time Deing we saved the 
situation. Unfortunately, owing to the snip- 
ing that was going on m front from the 
Marlborough street direction, I could not risk 
the men's lives in the open, and was pre- 
vented from doing what I should have 
wished to do — to get at the rear of Downes's 
premises and examine the backs of Win- 
stanley's and Meagher's, .winch were 
then intact. We worked there in 
the open, and some of my men's lives 
were threatened by men. who told them that 
if they did not clear off they would be shot. 
We had to retire. That was at 9 a.m. on 
Saturday. 

SATURDAYS OUTBREAKS. 

While we were thus watcning or working on 
Friday at the great fire wj bad fires in other 
parts of the city at the same time. At 5.5 
p.m. (hi Friday there rme a call of fire m- 
Jjower Bridge street. That was attended by 
the i nomas street Section, and after several 
hours' work it was prevented from extern, ng. 
Again at 6.40 a.m., while we were fighting 
at North Karl street, another call came f; im 
Harcourt street. This wca a d wellinghou*e, 
in which the fire was extinguished at 8.59 
a.m. by the Buckingham street Section. On 
Sate:. .ay we knew that the G.P.O. v\as ourn- 
ing, but we could not go near it. As I had 
a: ticipated in regard to North Earl street, the 
fire worked into Winstanley's and Meagher's 
pablichouse, and other shops at the corner of 
Sackville street. Then it crossed Earl street 
by another barrier of furniture into Tyler's 
boot shop at the north coiner of Earl street 
and Sackville street. It crept eastward through 
Eowe's drapery house adjoining Sheridan's 
public bar. 1 had information ol -ill this, but 
could do nothing to ,~top it. 

MESSAGE FROM THE MILITARY. 

At 3.40 p.m. on Saturday the (Tom maud ins 
Officer of the troops in I'uohu sent me s;iid 
Captain Purcell. a special despatch to say tint 
they had the leaders of the rebels in their 
CiLstody, and that they would now cease mili- 



tary operations ; that matters in the city 
were getting normal, and that I 
might now make an effort to stop 
the fires in Sackville street and 
Abbey street. I immediately turned out the 
whole force of the Brigade. We proceeded 
to the great fire area and got to work. We 
had our two motor engines, and started on the 
north-west side of O'C'onnell Bridge, lifting 
water from the Liffey with four lines of deli- 
very hose. We had out six other lines of hose 
from hydrants in the vicinity of the fires all 
at work. At that time the Post Office was 
gone, the Hotel Metropole and Ea son's were 
going badly, and Manfield's at the corner, and 
five other houses from the corner of Sackville 
street, and extending to the south side of 
Abbey street, were burning. 

FIREMEN DELIBERATELY FIRED AT. 

We were making excellent progress towards 
stopping the fire on both sides of Abbey 
street when the bullets beaja.i to fly amongst 
us. We were being deliberately fired at. 
1 had two men up on lire escapes, and bullets 
struck their ladders. Our engines were shot 
at from the directions of Westmoreland street 
and Aston 's quay. Bullets hit u,e engines, 
goi lg tnrough the mudguards and through the 
tit^s. I instantly called the men off to take 
cover. I abandoned the engines and hose on 
the streets, and rushed the men in batches ia 
motor ambulances home to their stations. Then 
we saw the fires ripping away in every direc- 
tion from the west along Abbey street and 
along Henry street. x*t 4.40 and 4.50 p.m. I 
had transferred the men back to their stations. 
They had been allowed to work only little 
more than half an hour. At 5.30 p.m. 1 re- 
ceived a telephone message from the Pro- 
Cathedral in Marlborough street to say that 
Nagle's was burning furiously, and that 
Hickey's, the adjoining warehouse, was takin<* 
fire. This was the place I had taken so much 
trouble to save. Of course I knew that when 
it got to Hickey's, Boyer's new and ex- 
tensive warehouse would be taken in, and that 
the fire would expend along thi north side of 
Eail street and probably involve the cathedral 
in the rear. 

VOLUNTEERS. 

After our previous painful experience I 
felt that 1 was n^t justified in ordering any 
members of the Brigade to attend this new 
out v reak. But being fully impressed with the 
gravity of the situation I appea'ed for four 
volunteers from amongst the Brigade in mv 
station to ao and stop this (ire. Four men in- 
stancy came forward and proceeded in charge 
of Lieut. Myers to the place and succeeded in 
stopping the fire at Nagle's before it had dona 
much harm. They also insured the safety 
of the remainder of the north side of Fail 
street, including the Cathedral at the back. 
THE CULMINATING CALL. 

While the men were working there I re- 
ceived what I call the culminating call of tho 
many from the doctors and clergymen in 
Jervis street Hospital. This was at 8 p.m. on 
Saturday. I was informed that the fires were 
spreading closely in the direction of the hos- 



36 



jrt, that sparks were raining on the glass 
*xfof of their verandah, and they said that 
if I could not do something to stop the fire's 
course then I must make immediate arrange- 
ments for the removal of the patients. To 
the firemen's credit, they one and all declared 
that they would save the hospital, even under 
the bullets. We immediately hurried our 
available force out, recovered our engines and 
other apparatus from O'Connell Bridge, and 
tstaited on fo 1 ' the big fight. I also called for the 
assistance of any available men and apparatus 
from A'essrs. Powers' Distillery and Guin- 
ne.-s's Brewery. Both sections kindly re- 
sponded to the appeal, and sent men and 
means which I ordered to work at various 
points. We fought during all Saturday night, 
stopping the fire where it was possible to 
stop it, and saved the hospital. In other 
directions since we had been prevented by 
shooting in the afternoon of Saturday from 
working, fires had multiplied and increased in 
volume a hundred fold. So our work now 
consisted of not attempting to extinguish 
what were already hopeless cases, but cutting 
off in sections and preventing the fires from 
spreading further. In this we _ succeeded. 
During the operations the popping of rifle 
ammunition and the explosion of bombs left 
behind in buildings occurred, and gave us 
peculiar sensations, but they were not to be 
compared with the sensations caused by the 
sniping. 

By 7 o'clock on Sunday morning we had the 
conflagration, as we may call it, completely 
under control. But since then we have had to 
deal by detachments with other outbreaks 01 
dangerous re-kindlings over the whole area. 

WELL-KNOWN HOUSES DESTROYED 
AND DAMAGED. 

A representative ot the Weekly Irish. Times 
compiled a list of houses which had been des- 
troyed by fire in the central streets of Dublin. 
In the case of many houses only the name of 
the chief firm doing business there is given ; 
and other persons have offices or_ rooms in the 
building as well. In some instances the 
premises are only partially destroyed. 

The rateable annual value of the 
various properties set out in this 
list, based upon the new W.na lions 
given in Thorn's Directory for 1916, exclusive 
of any estimate for stocks of goods in the 
different premises, and also excluding any 
figure for the General Post Office, the Royal 
Hibernian Academy, the Presbyterian Union 
Chapel, or the Methodist Church in Abbey 
street, amounts to £241,870. 

LOWER SACKVILLE STREET. 

1 — Hopkins and Hopkins, jewellers. 

2— William Scott and Co., tailors. 

3— Hamilton, Long and Co., apothecaries. 

4 — Francis Smyth and Son, umbrella manu- 
facturers. 

The Waverley Hotel and Restaurant. 

6 — Gieat Western Railway of England. 

6 and I — Dublin Bread Company Restaurant, 
populaily known as the L) B.C. 

Frank "R. Gallagher, cigar merchant. 



8 — Grand Hotel and Restaurant. 

9— E R. Moore, jeweller. 

10 and 11— Charles L. Reis and Co., fancy 

goods warehouse. 

The Irish School of Wireless Telegraphy. 

12 and 13 — The Hibernian Bank. 

14 — Robert Buckham, gentlemen's outfitter. 

1 5 — City and County Permanent Building 
Society. 

16 — F. Sharpley, ladies' and children's out- 
fitters. 

17— Hoyte and Son, druggists. 

G. P. Beater, architect and civil engineer. 

18 — The True-Form Boot Company. 

19 — J. P. Callaghan, tailor and hosier. 

20 — George Mitchell (Ltd.), cigar and wine 
merchants. 

21 to 27— The Imperial Hotel. 

Clerv and Co. (Ltd ), drapers. 

28— "Richard Allen, tailor. 

29 — Frs. O'Farrell (Ltd.), tobacco importer. 

30 — The Munster and Leinster Bank 
{branch). 

31 — The Cable Boot Company (Ltd.) 

32 — Dunn and Co., hatters. 

33 — Lewers and Co., boys' clothiers and out- 
fitters 

34— Noblett's Ltd. 

35 — Kapp and Peterson, Ltd., tobacconists. 

35 to 39— Hotel Metropole. 

39 — Henry Grandy, tailor. 

40 — Eason and Sons, general newspaper and 
advertising office and subscription library. 

41 — David Drimmie and Sons, insurance 
agents. 

42 — The Misses Carolan, milliners. 

43 and 44 — Manfield and Sons, boot and 
shoe manufacturers. 

46 and 47 — John W. Elverv and Co., water- 
proof and gutta nercha manufacturers. 

UPPCR SACKVILLE STREET. 

1 — John Tyler and Sons, boot merchants 

" — Dublin Laundry Co and Dartry Dye 
Works. 

3— John McDowell, jeweller. 

A — E. Nestor, milliner. 

5, 6, and 7 — William Lawrence, photo- 
grapher and stationer. 

8 — Henry Taaffe, gentlemen's outfitter. 

SACKVILLE PLACE. 

11 — Vacant. 

13 — Corrigan and Wilson, printers. 
14— John Davin. 

16 — Denis J. Egan, wine and spirit mer- 
chants. 

HENRY STREET. 

6 — Samuel Samuels, jewellers. 
16 — James O'Dwyer and Co., tailors, 
17 — Harrison and Co., cooks and confec- 
tioners , 

18, 19, and 20— Bewley, Sons, and Co. 
(Ltd ), provision and general merchant. 

21 — Irish Farm Produce ( o. 

22 and 23 — E. Morris, merchant tailor. 
?' — The Coliseum J heatre. 

25— H. E. Randall, boot and shoe manufac- 
turers 
26 and 28 — Maclnerney and Co., drapers. 
27 — McDowell Brothers, jeweller* 
29— Adelaide Repelto, fancy warehouse. 



37 



30— The World's Fair 6W. Stores. 

34 — Dundon and Co., tailors and ouif.tters. 

35 — A. Clarke and Co., millinery and gene- 
ral fancy warehouse. 

36 — Madame Drago, hairdresser. 

37 — E. Marks and Co. (Ltd.), Penny Bazaar. 

38 — R. and J. "Wilson ana Co., confectioners 
and fancy bakers. 

39 — McCarthy and Co., costume and mantra 
warehouse. 

40 — Bailey Brothers, tailors. 

40\ — Mrs. Charlotte Gahagan, ladies' out- 
fitter. 

41a — Joseph Calvert, provision merchant. 

41 — Patrick M'Givney, cutler and optician. 

42 — John Murphy, spirit merchant. 

43 — R. ind J. Dick, boot and shoe manufac- 
turers. 

44 — Caroline E. Fcgan and Co., underdo th* 
ing factory. 

49 — Menzies and Co., milliner's. 

50 — Hampton, Leedom and Co., hardware 
merchants. 

51 — Hayes, Conyngham, and Robinson, 
chemists. 

52 — Miss White, milliner. 

53 — Maples and Co., tailors. 

LOWER ABBEY STREET. 

1 — Young and Co.. Ltd., wine and spirit 
merchants. 

2 — J. I Kelly and Co., cycle agents. 

3 — J. J. Keating, cycle and motor dealers. 

4 — Irish Timet. Ltd., reserve printing 
offices. 

5 — Ship Hotel and Tavern. 

6 — The. Abbey Toilet Saloon, Ltd. 

7 — John Hyland and Co., wholesale wine 
merchants. 

8 — C. G. Henry, wholesale tobacconist. 

Presbyterian Church — Rev. John C. Johns- 
ton, M.A., minister. 

28 — Patrick Foley, wine and spirit mer- 
chant. 

29 — Denis Nolan, private hotel. 

30 — Francis Ma mane, furrier. 

31 — William Collins, oil importer and hard- 
ware merchant. 

32 — Humber. Ltd., cycle and motor manu- 
facturers, wholesale depot. 

32 — The Leader Newspaper. 

32 and 33 — Kcaling's Motor Works. 

32 and 33 — The Irish Commercial Travel- 
lers' Association. 

33 and 34 — Percy, Mecredy and Co., Ltd'., 
publishers; Irish Homestead Publishing Co.; 
James M'Cullagh. Son, and Co., wholesale 
wine merchants; the Royal Hibernian 
Academy. 

35, 36, and 37— Wynn'e Hotel. 
37 — Smyth and Co., Ltd., hosiery manufac- 
turers. 

38 — J Ferguson and Co., hair dressers. 

39 — Peter Callaghan. gentlemen's outfitter. 

MIDDLE ABBEY STREET. 

62 — Patrick Cordon, wine agent. 
66— VV. J. Haddock, laoies' and gentlemen's 
tailor. 

67 — Collins and Co., tailor*. 



68 — George Young, builders and general 
ironmongers. 

69 and 70 — Sharman Crawford, wine mer- 
chant. 

71 — Dermot Dignam. advertising agent. 

73 — James Allen and Son, auctioneers and 
valuers. 

74 and 75 — Gaynor and Son, cork mer- 
chants. 

76 — Y.M.C'.A. Supper Room for Soldiers 
and Sailors. 

78 — John J. Egan, wine and spirit mer- 
chant, The Oval. 

79 and 80 — Eason and Son, Ltd., wholesale 
newsagents. 

81 and 82— Do. 

83 — " Evening Telegraph " Office. 

84 — "Weekly Freeman" and "Sport"' 
Office. 

85 — Sullivan Brothers, educational pub- 
lishers. 

86 — Sealy, Bryers, and Walker, printers and 
publishers. 

87 to 90— Alexander Thorn and Co., Ltd., 
Government printers and publishers. 

91, 92 and 93 — Fitzgerald and Co., whole- 
sale tea, wine, -ind spirit merchants. 

94— The Wall Paper Manufacturing Co. 

96 — Maunsel and Co., publishers. 

96 — Francis Tucker and Co., Ltd , church 
candle and altar requisites manufacturers. 

97 — W. Dawson and Sons, Ltd., wholesale 
agents. 

93 and 99 — W. Curtis and Sons, brass and 
bell founders, plumbers, electrical and sam- 
tarv engineers. 

100 — J Whitby and Co., cork merchant;*. 

101 — John Kane, art metal worker. 

102 to 104 — National Reserve Headquarter* 

105 — Perfect Dairy Machine Co. 

EARL STREET. 

1A — James Tallon, newsagent. 

1 — T. Carson, tobacconist. 

2 — A. Sullivan, confectioner. 

3 — J. J Lalor, Catholic art repository. 

4 — Philip Meagher, vintner. 

5 — James Winstanley, boot warehouse. 

6 — Noveau et Cie, costumiers. 

7— Sir Joseph Downes, confectioner. 

25 — J. Nagle and Co., wine and spirit 
merchant. 

26 — Mrs. E. Sheridan, wine and spirit mer- 
chant. 

27 — Delany and Co., tobacco and cigat 
merchants. 

27a — J. Alexander, merchant tailor. 

28 — M. Rowe and Co., general drap'» r = 

29, 30, and 31— John Tyler and Sons (Ltd.), 
boot manufacturers. 

EDEN QUAY. 

1 and 2 — Barry, U'iWoore, and Co., ac- 
countants and auditors. 

3 — Gerald Mooney, wine and spirit 
merchant. 

4 — The London and North- Western Railway 
Co., General Inquiry Office. 

5— -G. R. MesiaSj military and merc'-.ant 
tailor. 

6 — The Midland Railway of England, re- 
ceiving, booking, and inquiry office. 



6 — Wells and Holohan, railway and ship- 
ping agents. 

7 — J. Hubbard Clark, painter and decorator. 

8— The Globe Parcel Express. 

9 — Henry Smith, Ltd., ironmonger. 

10 — Joseph M'Greevy, -wine and spirit 
merchant. 

11— The Douglas Hotel and Restaurant. 

Ih— Mr. John Dalby. 

13 — The Mission to Seamen Institute. 

14 — E. Moore, publican. 

PRINCES STREET. 

15 — Princes Stores. 

4 to 8— Freeman's Journal (Ltd.). 

13 — Stores. 

14— Vacant. 

15 — Pirie and Sons, stores. 

MOORE STREET. 

1 and 2 — J. Humphrys, wine and spirit 
perchant. 
3 O. Savino, fried fish shop. 
4 — Miss B. Morris, dairy. 
5 — M. J. Dunne, pork butcher. 
6 — R. Dillon, fruiterer. 

59 — Francis Fte, wine and spirit merchant. 
60 — Miss M'Nally, greengrocer. 
61 — C. O'Donnell, victualler. 
62 — Miss Ward, victualler. 

LOWER BRIDGE STREET. 

18— Tenements 

19 and 21— Doherty's Hotel. 

20 — Brazen Head Hotel. 



USHER'S OUAY. 

1 — H. Kavanagh, wine and 
•shant. 

2 and 3 — Dublin Clothing Co. 
4 — Tenements. 



spirit mer- 



BOLTON STREET. 

57 — George Freyne, hardware merchant. 
58 — D. Dolan, chemist. 

59 — W. Leckie and Co., printers and book- 
binders. 

60 — Tenements. 

MARLBOROUGH STREET. 

112 — J. Farrell, wine and spirit merchant. 
113— Marlborough Hotel. 

CLANWILLIAM PLACE. 

1 and 2 — Private houses. 

YARNHALL STREET. 

"■* — Hugh, Moore and Alexanders, Ltd., 
•♦housale druggists. 

I. in* i. tall Barracks. 

4, 5, 6, and 7— W. Leckie and Co.'s work- 
shops 

BERu'~ORD PLACE. 

16 and 17— Offices. 

Liberty Hall, hea 'quarters of Irish Trans- 
port and General Workers' Union. 

HARCOURT STREET. 

P6 — -Norma R» - eve». tailor. 

L7a — Mrs. Elizabeth Bryan, fruiterer 



IN THE COUNTRY. 

MANY CONSTABULARY KILLED IN 
CO. MEATH. 

On Friday, 28th April, the police authorities 
received information that Ashbourne police 
station had been attacked. County Inspector 
Gray, District Inspector Harry Smyth, oi 
Navan, and fifty Constabulary left in motor 
cars for the district, passing through Slaua 
and Balrath towards Kilmoon, where there is 
another small barracks a short distance from 
Ashbourne. The motor cars had proceeoed a 
shirt distance from Kilmoon, which is on an 
eminence, and at the foot of which a small 
road branches off. The police did not know the 
rebels were at hand, the intention being to 
get out of the motor cars and march to Ash- 
bourne. The Sinn Feiners had, however, 
secreted themselves in a small grove by the 
roadside at a place near Rathgate. They had 
entrenched themselves in the field, and at. 
each end of the road' Hey had taken 
up a position for attack. Hardy had 
the police got out of the motor cars 
at the ascent of the hill than a fusillade 
of bullets was sent, into their midst. Sergeant 
J. Shanagher, of Navan, was shot through the 
heart almost as he was leaving his car. 
The small police party at once took what 
cover they could obtain beside the motor cars 
and in the ditches. The rebels, however, 
closed in from all directions, and sent a mes- 
senger to the county inspector demanding the 
surrender of all his men. 

KOW DISTRICT INSPECTOR SMYTH MET HIS 
DEATH. 

County Inspector Gray declined, and gave 
directions to his men to return the fire. 
Handicapped by their cramped position, the 
police nevertheless held their ground, and the 
coui fcv inspector fell wounded, shot through 
both hands and part of the body. Several 
other casualties occurred among the police, 
and sniping proceeded for over four-and-a-half 
hours. District Inspector Smytu, of Navan, was 
twice wounded, but, followed by a sergeant 
and some constables, he pluckily crept along 
the roadside ditch towards the rebels, who 
were gradually closing in. Sergeant 
Young, of Kilmoon, was next shot 
dead. Other constables were being hit, but 
one wounded policeman from beneath a motor 
car continued to the to the last. Suddenly 
the rebels appeared on the ridge overhead, 
and the district inspector fell dead with a 
ballet through his forehead. An unarmed 
chauffeur named Kepp, in the employ of the 
Marquis Convngham, of Slane Castle, was 
shot in the leg by an explosive bullet, and 
had to have his leg amputated, but he died. 
Ihe police fought until they had expended 
their last cartridge, and when they saw that 
further resistance was useless they sur- 
rendered. The rebels took possession of the 
policemen's rifles and seized some of their 
equipment, but the men were afterwards re- 
lease!. 



Two men — J. J. Carroll, of Kingstown, and 
J. Hogan — said to be commercial travellers, 
who were passing at the time, were shot dead. 

The names of the men of the Royal Irish 
Constabulary killed and wounded in this en- 
gagement will he found in the official casualty 
lists on page 57. 



SHELLS FROM A DESTROYER IN 

GALWAY BAY. 

On Easter Tuesday morning it was de- 
finitely announced by the authorities that 
about four hundred of the Sinn Fein party 
were marching on Galway and had reached 
Merlin Park, the residence of Captain and 
Lady Philippa Waithmore. Great alarm was 
naturally felt, and the loyal citizens got to- 
gether every available firearm. The police 
acted splendidly. Although many of the men 
had been out on duty for eighteen hours, they 
responded to the call, and, in spite of the fact 
that a comparatively small number only could be 
spared to go in the direction of Merlin Park, 
they obeyed the order to go there. Another 
body went out on the Tuam road, as it was 
expected that th~ rebels would cut across from 
the Oranmore road and storm the town from 
the Bohermure side. In the meantime a num- 
ber of the citizens and county gentlemen re- 
siding in the danger zone had armed them- 
selves. However, in the midst of all 
the excitement and bustle, the boom- 
ing of big guns rang out in the 
bay, and Galway was saved. Shells had 
burst close to the insurgents, and they fled 
for their lives back to Oranmore. One shell, 
which fell close to the village, showed them 
that they were not out of danger, and they 
started for the old uninhabited Castle of 
Moyode, which is about three miles from 
Craughwell. A body of the rebels had taken 
possession of the Model Farm at Athenry, 
but, fearing the shell-fire from the warship, 
they were ordered to proceed to Moyode. 

CONSTABLE KILLED AT CARNMORE. 

Affairs at Carnmore on the previous evening 
were exciting, and resulted in the death of 
Constable Patrick Whelan. District Inspector 
Heard motored out late at night with a body 
of fully armed police to Carnmore, about threa 
miles from Galway. On arriving there a num- 
ber of shots were fired, and, as Mr. Heard 
and Constable Whelan were stepping from the 
motor, the constable got a full charge of No. 
3 shot in the head, blowing off the side of his 
face and killing him instantly. Mr. Heard at 
once started firing at the gang. The man 
who fired the fatal shot was seen to be carry- 
in? a gun of antique pattern, and it is believed 
that he was shot in the back while getting 
pver a stone wall. 

THE ORANMORE DISTRICT. 

In Oranmore some exciting scenes took 
place. The police barracks were rushed and 
the police captured. Sergeant Healy got away 
tnd barricaded himself in a. house on the op- 
posite side of the street. A man came to the 



door and demanded the sergeant's surrender., 
No reply was given, and the rebels en-»' 
deavoured to force the door. Sergeant Healy 
fired a revolver shot through the door, and 
the crowd dispersed. Ten minutes later 
County Inspector Ruttledge, from Galway, ac- 
companied by a body of police, charged up tha 
street in a gallant manner. The rebels fled. 

The arrests of several well-known men ill 
Galway caused some excitement. The policd 
returned to their quarters at Oranmore Bar- 
racks, but a large number of extra men r©» ' 
mained in Galway. Three large motor car?, i 
capable of carrying forty persons, for several 
c'ays made two daily trips to country dis- 
tricts, and on each occasion returned wifcU 
about sixty prisoners. 

THE ENNISCORTHY RISING. 

The first armoured train used in Ire- 
land was employed in connection wita 
the Enniscorthy revolt. "It was a hoinQ 
made fighting machine, slung together hur» 
riedly, but very effectively, of materials to 
hand. It consisted of an ancient, but stilt 
serviceable engine, in the proud charge of a 
richly humorous Hibernian. There were two 
or three shell trucks sheckled to the ei.gine, 
armoured with hastily-pierced sheets of iron, 
and the whole amazing contraption was 
painted slate colour." 

The Enniscorthy rebels waited for informa- 
tion from their leaders that the City of Dub- 
lin had been captured, and when this infor- 
mation came to hand the local rebels imme- 
diately gave orders to their forces to begin 
action. They first seized the business houses 
of the town and also the railway station, and 
held up a train which was on its way from 
Wexford with 300 workmen for Kynoch's 
factory. The engine wi detached from 
the train, and the men were permitted to 
walk back to Wexford by the railway line. 
The rebels then debated amongst them- 
selves the advisability of blowing up the fine 
bridge at Enniscorthy, but fortunately aban- 
doned the idea. They then attempted to blow 
up the bridge of Scurawalsh, which crosses 
the River Slaney on the main road between 
Wexford and Enniscorthy. Before doing so 
they warned the old and respected 
blacksmith, named Carton, who, with his 
family, lived in a house close to the bridge. 
The signalling wires on the railway were cut, 
and the instruments in the cabin were de- 
stroyed. Between Enniscorthy and 
Ferns an extensive trench was dug, 
and the rebel forces advanced and 
captured the town of Ferns, mak- 
ing tho ancient mansion of St. Aidan's their 
headquarters. Then, when they thougnt they 
were firmly entrenched, they advanced a littta 
in the Gorey direction, but just then a train 
which contained a few military arrived at 
Camolin Station. On seeing the soldiers, who 
were there for ordinary guard duty, and had no 
knowledge of the " rising," the rebels hastily 
retreated to their stronghold at Enniscorthy; 
Here, however, they learned to their dismay 
that a military armoured train, including tha 



40 



row famous " Enniscorthy Emily," a 15- 
pounder gun, was on the south, side of the 
town, and only about six miles distant. 

Some of tbe rebels had taken up positions on 
Vinegar Hill, which overlooks the town of 
Enniscorthy. A council of war was held, but 
the deliberations were brought to an abrupt 
conclusion by a well planted shell which the 
gunner of " Enniscorthy Emily " discharged 
at the hill. The shell, which, it is stated, 
was a blank one, landed plump amongst the 
rebels, who hoisted white flags on the hill, 
while two hundred of the insurgents bolted 
for the hills. Many of the escaping rebels 
were captured. Hie others laid down their 
arms unconditional!}. 

AFFRAY AT FERMOY. 

Although there was considerable movement 
in Cork City and County, no disturbance 
took place, apart from that near Fermoy, 
where Head Constable Rowe, of the Royal 
Irish Constabulary, met his death. Early on 
Easier Tuesday a body of police proceeded 
to make an arrest at Bawnard House, Castle- 
lyons, near Fermoy, occupied by Mrs. Kent, 
a farmer's widow, and her four sons. Re- 
sistance was offered to the police by the 
Rents, and in the fighting Head Constable 
Rowe was shot dead. Military assistance was 
procured, and the Kents surrendered. Richard 
Kent attempted to make his escape, and was 
shot, with fatal results. Thomas Kent was 
tried at Cork by court-martial for the murder 
of the Head Constable, found guilty, and 
executed. William Kent was tried on the 
same charge and acquitted. David Kent was 
tried later in Dublin on the same charge, 
found guilty, and sentenced to death, with a 
recommendation to mercy on account of his 
yt\lnv< <T,url character, and hi? sentence was 
commuted to five years' penal servitude. 

DESTROYERS L.4ND TROOPS AT 
SKERRIES. 

Of the outlying portions of County Dublin 
affected by the rising, Skerries, had not 
the least exciting experience. 

On Easter .Monday a war demonstration had 
been advertised, with Mr. Juhn J. Clancy, 
K.C., member for North Dublin, in the chair, 
and speakers from the Recruiting Department. 
When the occupants of the platform had tak>n 
their places word reached the local committee 
that the bridge at Donabate had been just 
blown up, that the train bringing the Chair- 
man and speakers wa.s held, up, and; that the 
Sinn Feiners were out. Notwithstanding this 
grave yews, it was decided not to, alarm the 
audience, but to hold the meeting. Mr. Eat-; 
tersby, K.C., was accordingly moved to the 
chair." Local speakers^Captajn - Taylor, Mr. 
Fitzpatrick, and Mr. Malone, with Lieutenant 
Clahcy-ptook the place of the absentees, 
and certificates were given to the relatives of 
Skerries, soldiers— one hundred ,in, all — and the 
meeting passed off successfully. 



On Tuesday, 25th April, the police got word 
that the Marconi station recently erected by 
the Admiralty was to be attacked and some of 
the principal houses raided. There was conster- 
nation at this report, as the wireless operators 
were unarmed, and there were only seven 
soldiers to guard the station, while the police 
force, under Sergeant Burke, to whose energy 
and ability throughout the week a warm tri- 
bute must be paid, was wholly inadequate to 
protect the town. So great was the alarm 
that some of the townsfolk left their houses, 
and paced the shore as the safest place in case 
of a raid. The attack, however, did not come 
off; but on Wednesday morning information 
was received of the capture in succession of 
Swords, Donabate, where a second attempt 
was made to blow up the railway, and Lusk, 
which had the reputation of being a hot-bed 
of Sinn Feiners, and it was definitely stated 
that the rebels were on their way to Skerries. 
Preparations were at once made to receive 
them. 

Captain Battersby, on sick leavt, wounded, 
took command of the small force in charge of 
the wireless station. Miss Battersby, with 
the assistance of Miss McGusty and the Misses 
Clifford and Dr. Healy, organised a Red Cross 
hospital in the Carnegie Library. 

BOATLOADS OF SOLDIERS. 

People from the village gathered on the hill 
above the Marconi station in order to see the 
coming light, when a destroyer was seen 
steaming at a great pace from Lambay Island. 
As she drew nearer, it was seen that she was 
crowded with soldiers. A rush was made by 
the townsfolk to the harbour, and in a very 
few minutes boatloads of military were quickly 
rowed to the pier, and two hundred men of 
the North Staffordshire:;, under the command 
of Captain Clay, were landed and marched to 
the wireless station, where they entrenched 
in the ditches surrounding the station. The 
town was saved, and in the offing two gun- 
boats patrolled, their guns being within reach 
of the coast roads, by which the rebels were 
expected to arrive. 

On Thursday, 27th April, the Staffords dug 
themselves in, put up barricades of carts and 
sandbags on ail the roads loading into Skerries, 
and made every preparation for a siege. 

The Harristown and Ashbourne rebels were 
stated to have joined the Lusk contingent, 
but if this were so they must have received 
news of the military force which had landed, 
and of the guns of the warships trained on 
the town and roads, and come to the con- 
clusion that discretion was the better part of 
valour, as the next news was that they had 
returned to Dublin, The scare was conse- 
quently at an end. 

The North Staffords remained some time 
in Skerries, and nearly twenty persons were 
arrested and sent to .Dublin. 



Further details of Sinn Fein proceedings 
in various parts of the country will be found 
in the, evio'ence submitted by police official* 
to the Commission of Inquiry presided over 
by Lord Hardinge. 



41 



OFFICIAL REPORTS AND 

STATEMENTS. 



GERMAN ATTEMPT TO LA NO ARMS. 

CAPTURE OF SIR ROGER CASEMENT. 

The Secretary of the Admiralty marie the 
following announcement on Easter Monday 
night, April 24:— 

During the period between April 20 and 
April 21 an attempt to land arms and ammu- 
nition in Ir3!an I was made by a vessel under 
the guise of a neutral Merchant ship, but in 
realty a German ansiliary in conjunction 
with a German submarine. Ihe auxiliary 
was sunk, and a number of prisoners ■ ?re 
made, amongst whom was Sir Roger Case- 
ment. 

MR. BIRRELL'S BULLETIN. 
On Tuesday evening, 25th April, Mr. Birrell 
supplied the Lonaon Press with the follow- 
ing :— - 

" At noon yesterday serious disturbances 
broke out in Dublin 

" A large body ul men, identified with the 
Sinn Feiners, mostly armed, occupied 
Stephen's Green, and took possession forcibly 
of the Post Urhce, where they cut the te'.e- 
graph and telephone wires. Houses were 
occupied in Stephen's Green, Sackville street, 
Abbey street, and along the quays. 

" in the course of the day soldiers arrived 
-from the Curragh, and the situation is now 
well in hand. So far as is known here three 
military officers, two loyal volunteers, four or 
five soldiers, and two policemen fnve been 
killed, and four or five military officers, seven 
or eight soldiers, and six loyal volunteers 
wounded. 

" No exact information has been received of 
casualties on the side of tue Sinn Feincrs. 
Reports received' t'-om Cork, Limerick, Ennis, 
1 ralee, and both Ridings of Tipperarv sho"' 
that no disturbances of any kind have occurred 
in these localities." 

REBELS SURROUNDED BY TROOPS. 

The following was issued by the General 
Officer Commanding in Chief in Dublin on 
Wednesday, 26th April:— 

There is now a complete cordon of troops 
around the centre of the town on the north 
side of the river. Two more battalions are ar- 
riving this afternoon (Wednesday) from Eng- 
land. There has been a small rising at Ardee, 
Louth, and a rather .more serious one at 
Swords and Lusk, close to Dublin. The last 
report I have shows the total of fifteen killed 
and twenty-one wounded, besides two loyal 
Volunteers and two policemen killed and six: 
loyal Volunteers wounded. 

MR. ASQUITH'S STATEMENT IN THE 
COMMONS. 
In the House of Commons on Wednesday, 
26th April, in reply to questions about the 
rebellion, Mr. Asquith *aid — Troops have ar- 
rived from Belfast and from England. A 
building called Liberty Hall is already occu- 
pied by soldiers. So, also, is Stepheu's Green. 



Martial law has been proclaimed in Dublin 
City and County. Drastic action both to sup- 
press the movement and to secure the arrest 
of all concerned is at this moment being taken. 
Outside Dublin the country is tranquil, and 
only three minor cases of disturbance are re- 
ported. Steps have been taken to give full and 
accurate information to our friends abroad as 
to the real significance of this most recent 
German campaign. 

The Prime Minister afterwards read th« 
following telegram from the Viceroy: — 

Drogheda National Volunteers Assist the Military. 

" Situation satisfactory. St. Stephen's 
Green captured. Eleven insurgents killed. 
Provincial news reassuring. Inspector-Generalj 
Royal Irish Constabulary, reports that at 
Drogheda the National Volunteers turned out 
to assist the military. (Cheers.) Many pri- 
vate persons have offered assistance." 

Mr. Asquith added it was not the case that 
the rebels had machine guns. 

MR. EiRRELL ANXIOUS *BOyT NEUTRALS 

Mr Birrell said— We were very anxious" 
indeed, during these last few days that news 
should r ,t r.ach the neutral countries, and 
particularly our friends in America which 
wou.d be calculated to give them an 
entirely falsa impression as to the 
importance of what has taken pla-s, 
important as that is. Therefore during 
the short period there has been a censor- 
ship—that is to say, people were told they 
were not to communicate to the Press e~:ceot 
what had passed through the Press Bureau 
and that, I hope, will be taken off almost" at 
once. 

LORD LANSDQWNE'S STATEMENT. 

Lord Lansdowne, in the House of 
Lords on Wednesday, 26th April, sa id th« 
Dublin garrison had had reinforcements "rom 
Belfast and England, and th3 Sinn Feinp.rg 
had been driven out of Stephen's Green with 
a certain number of casualties. On Tuesday 
evening the military had succeeded in pro 
tecting the line from Kingsbridge Station 
via Irmity College, to the Customs House 
mid the North Wall. By midday on Wed- 
nesday it was learned tl.at Liberty Hall the 
headquarters of the. Citizen Army and' for- 
merly of Mr. Larkin, had been wholly or 
partially destroyed and occupied by the "mili- 
tary. Lord Lansdowne added that the 
latest details showed that there was a cordon 
of troops round the centre of the town on 
the north bank of the river, that two more 
battalions wer9 to arrive in Dublin that 
afternoon from England, and that there had 
been a small rising at Ardee, in County 
Louth, and a rather more serious one at 
Swords and Lusk, near Dublin The 
casualties ha put at 19 killed and 27 
wounded. 

Lord Lansdowne gave an interesting addi- 
tion to the oTicial account of the attempted 
German landing on the west coast of Ireland 
A German vessel disguised as a Dutch 
trading vessel, and a German submarine, 
brought the invaders. From the submarul* 



42 



{here landed in a collapsible boat three in- 
dividuals, of whom two (one Sir Roger 
Casement) were made prisoners. The 
disguised German ship was stopped by one 
of His Majesty's ships, and while she was 
being taken into Queenstown Harbour, r>o 
prize crew having been put on board, she 
exhibited the German flag and sank herself. 

SIR JOHN MAXWELL'S APPOINTMENT. 

In the House of Commons on Thursday, 
27th April:— 

Mr Asquith said— The Cabinet have 
decided to-day that the Irish Executive must 
at once proclaim martial law over the whole 
of Ireland. General Sir John Maxwell left 
this afternoon for Ireland, and has been 
given plenary power to proclaim martial law 
over the whole of the country, and the Irish 
Executive have placed then> -elves at ins 
disoosal to carry out his instructions. He 
added that there wefe indications of the 
movement spreading, especially in the West, 
and that the rebels continued _ to hold im- 
portant public buildings in Dublin. 

LARGE REINFORCEMENTS FROM ENGLAND. 

The Lord Lieutenant issued the following! 
from the Viceregal Lodge on Thursday, 27th 
April : — . 

In the last forty-eight hours Katisfact-ory 
progress has been made. Enemy activity is 
confined to sniping from houses in certain re- 
stricted areas. Large additional reinforcements 
have arrived from England, and are in hand 
for disposal as required. 

REPORTS FROM VISCOUNT FRENCH. 
HEMMING IN THE REBELS. 

The following communication was issued by 
Field-Marsha! Viscount French, Command- 
ing-in-Chief the Home Forces, early on Satur- 
da'v morning, 29th April :— 

The military operations for the suppression 
of the rebellion in Dublin are proceeding 
satisfactorily. What may be described as the 
organised forces of the rebels are confined to 
a few localities, the principal one being the 
Sackville street distinct, in which the rebels' 
headquarters appear to be the General Post 
Office. The cordon of troops round this dis- 
trict has been drawn closer, and the rebels in 
this locality appear now to be confined behind 
the line of their barricades. 

Sniping from houses in which small parties 
t>t the rebels have established themselves in 
various parts of the city still continues. The 
district where this is most prevalent is that to 
the north-west of the Four Courts, which is 
etill in possession of the rebels. The clear* 
£nce of the snipers is a matter of time. 
•^Considerable damage was caused by fires ofj 
Thursday, and a large, fire is still burning in, 
Sackville street. ■ it | 

I In other parts of Ireland the principal 
tentres of disturbance are County Galway 
and Enniscorthy. Disturbances nave also 
been rftppr^ad at' Killamey, Clonmel. and 
GoreyV • ' 

Other parts of Ireland appear to be ncrmal. 

The general fcrend of. $e reports received 



indicates that the disturbances are local in 
character. 

ON THE VERGE OF COLLAPSE. 

The following was issued by Field-Marshal 
Viscount French, Commanding-in-Chief 
Home Forces, on Saturday night, ^9th 
April ;— 

Dublin. — The situation this morning had 
Improved considerably, but the rebels were 
still offering serious resistance in the neigh- 
bourhood of Sackville street. 

The cordon of troops encircling this quar- 
ter was, however, steadily closing in, but 
the house to house fighting necessarily ren-| 
dered this progress slow The Post Office 
and a block of buildings east of Sackville 
street have been destroyed by fire. A party 
of rebels have been driven out of Boland*s 
mills, Ringsend. by guns mounted on motor 
lorries. 

One of the rebel leaders, a man named 
Pearse, was said to b« in this area, and was 
wounded in the leg. A report received this 
evening states that Pearse has surrendered 
unconditionally, and that he asserts he bas ; 
authority to accept the same terms of surren- 
der for his followers in Dublin. 

Another leader, James Connolly, is re- 
ported killed. 

The Fear Coiwta district, which is still 
held by the rebels, is also surrounded by a 
cordon of troops, which is gradually closing 
in. 

All the information to hand points to the 
conclusion that the rebellion, so far as Dub- 
lin is concerned, is on the verge of collapse. 
A considerable number of rebels are priso- 
ners in military custody. 

Reports received this evening from the rest 
of Ireland are generally satisfactory. The 
conditions in Belfast and the Ulster Province 
are normal, and the situation in Londonderry 
is stated to 1 e quite satisfactory. 

The district within fifteen miles of Gal was 
is also reported to be normal, but a band of 
rebels has been located between Athenry and 
Craughwcll. 

Nineteen rebel prisoners have been captured 
and are on their way to Queenstown. 

Another hand of rebels are reported to have 
entrenched themselves at Enniscorthy, but the 
police are still holding out, and the roads and 
railways are clear to within four miles of the 
town. 

The damage to the Barrow Bridge on th« 
Dublin and South-Eastern Railway, is now 
reported not to be serious. 

DIVISION OF TROOPS IN DUBLIN 1 . 

An official intimation was circulated among 
the Royal Irish Constabulary in County Dub- j 
lin on Saturday, 29th April, as follows: — 
i The Sinn Fein rebels in the area of Cape! 
street, Great Britain street, and Lower Cardi. 
ner street are completely surrounded by a cor- 
don of troops, which is gradually closing on 
the centre. The troops in the district art 
gradually overcoming resistance. One of the 
principal rebel leaders, P. H. Pearse, ii 
Known to be inside the cordon with a frao« 



43 





Photo by] [Lafayette. 

GENERAL SIR JOHN G. MAXWELL, Commander- 
in-Chief of the Forces in Ireland. 



Photo by~\ 
MAJOR-GENERAL A. E. 
mander of the troops 



{Lafayette. 
SANDBACH. Com- 
in the Dublin Area. 




Thoto ly] 



[Lafayette. 




MAJOR-GENERAL L. B. FRIEND, who Com- 
manded the Forces in Ireland before Easter. 



Photo by] [Lafayette* 

BRIGADIER-GENERAL W. H. M. LOWE, to 
whom P. H, Pearse surrendered. 



44 



tured thigh. The woman generally known as 
Countess Markievicz has also been seen inside. 
Another leader, James Connolly, is reported 
killed. The additional area containing; the 
Four Courts is also surrounded by a cordon, 
which is closing in on the centre. It con- 
tains within it most of the rebels. 

A division complete with artillery is now 
operating in the Dublin area, and more troops 
are constantly arriving. Arrangements are 
being made to intern in England all the Sinn 
Feiners captured or wounded who are not 
dealt with here. 

Sir Roger Casement has declared that Ger- 
many has sent all the assistance she is going 
to send, and that is now at the bottom of the 
sea. 

THE UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER. 

On Saturday evening, 29th April, it was. 
officially announced in Dublin that the 
leaders of the rebels had surrendered. The 
following is an exact copy oi the docu- 
ment : — 

In order to prevent the further slaughter 
of unarmed people and in the hope of 
saving the lives of our followers, now sur- 
rounded and hopelessly outnumbered, Mem- 
bers of the Provisional Government present 
at Headquarters have agreed to an uncondi- 
tional surrender, and the Commanders of 
v all Units of the Republican Forces Wllt 
order their followers to lay down their 
arms. 

(Signed), 

P. H. Pearse, 
29th April, 1916, 3.45 p.m. 

I agree to these conditions for the men 
only under my own command in the Moore 
street District and for the men in the Stephen's 
Green Command. 

James Connolly. 
April 29/16. 

On consultation with Commandant Ceannt 
and other officers I have decided to agree to 
unconditional surrender also. 

Thomas MacDonagh, 

BGAL'.NG WITH THE RE1WN '« MT. 
The following; communication was isiued bv 
the Lord Lieutenant from the Viceregal Lodge, 
Dublin, on Sunday, April 30th:— 

" Yesterday Pearse, the rebel leader, sur- 
rendered, and the great bulk of his supporters 
in the city and throughout the country have 
dont likewise; 

" Gnh -'' f €W detached bodies have not yet 
made then submission, and they are being 
effectively dealt with." 

A TRUCE AT ENNISCORTHY. 
The following was issued by Field-Marshal 
Viscount French, Commanding-in-Chlef 
Home Forces, on Sunday, ZOth April, 6.45 

The General Officer Commanding in-Chief 
Irish Command has reported that the situa- 
tion in Dublin is much mora satisfactory. 



Throughout the country there was still 
much more to be done, which would take 
time, but he hopes that the back of the re- 
bellion has been broken. 

Last night messengers were sent out from 
the leaders of the rebels in Dublin to rebel 
forces in Galway, Clare, Wexford, and Dublin 
counties ordering surrender, and the priests 
and the Royal Irish Constabulary are doing 
their utmost to disseminate this information. 

As regards the situation in Dublin reb?ls 
from the areas of Sackville street, Post Office, 
and Four Courts are surrendering freely. 

More incendiary fires took place in Sack- 
ville street last night, but the fire brigade 
have now be«n able to resume work. 

It is further reported that up to the pre- 
sent 707 prisoners have been taken. Included 
among these is the Counters Markievicz. 

The rebels at Enmscorthy were reported 
to be still in possession of this place, and a 
mixed column of cavalry, infantry, and artil- 
lery, including 4.7in. guns, has been stnfc 
from Wexford with a view to engaging the 
rebels. 

The latest 'information from Enniscorthy 
shows thai the rebel leader at this place does 
not believe in the rebel leader's message from 
Dublin, and has proceeded to that citv in a 
motor car under escort to verify the informa- 
tion. In the meantime, a truce exists 

A deputation for a similar purpose from the 
rebels as Ashbourne has also been sent to 
Dublin. 

In Galway the rebels aro believed to be 
disbanding, and a few arrests have been made. 

The situation at New Ross, Gorey, Wick- 
low, Bagenalstown, and Arklow is reported 
to be normal. Carlow and Dunlavin are be- 
lieved to be quiet. 

FLYING COLUMN TO STIMULATE 
SURRENDERS. 

The following was issued on Sunday, 30th 
April : — 

Yesterday (Saturday) the Sinn Fein loaders, 
including James Connolly, unconditionally 
surrendered to the General Officer Command- 
ing-in Chief in Ireland. These leaders, 
anxious to avo'id further bloodshed, have 
signed a notice to other leaders of their party, 
both in Dublin and in the country, calling on 
them to surrender, as their can?* is hopeless. 
These notices are being circulated by the 
R.I.C. to all stations. A large number. of men 
surrendered last night and this morning, and 
it is expected that others will follow during 
the course of the day. A flying column will 
at once proceed to various points to stimulate 
the surrender of parties in the country. Emis- 
saries have come in from the Sinn Fein party 
at about Ashbourne, Swords, and from Wex- 
ford to verify the fact of the above surrender 
with a view to their immediate surrender. 

1.000 REBELS SURRENDER IN DUBLIN. 

The following was issued by Field Marshal 
Viscount French, Commanding - in - Chief 
the Home Forces, on Monday, 1st May,, 
7.5 p.m.:— 



45 



All the rebels in Dublin have surrendered, 
and the city is reported to be quiet. The 
rebels in the country are surrendering; 
to mobile columns. There were 1,000 prisoners 
in Dublin yesterday; of whom 489 were sent 
to England last night. 

It is reported from Queenstown that hopes 
were entertained that arms would be handed 
in to-day in the City of Cork. 

Enniscorthy— During the night of April 30- 
May 1. Sunday, the rebels at Enniscorthy 
made an effort to surrender their leaders and 
f.irns, on condition that the rank and file were 
allowed to return to their homes. They were 
informed that the only terms we would ac- 
cept were unconditional surrender. It has 
been reported at a later date that the rebels 
are now surrendering to day on these terms. 

Ferris — A column, composed of soldiers and 
Royal Irish Constabulary, captured seven 
prisoners in the neighbourhood of Ferns, Co. 
Wexford, to day. 

Wicklow, Aiklow. Dnnlavin, Bagenalstown, 
Wexford, New Ross, Counties of Cork, Clare, 
Limerick, and Kerry are generally quiet. 
The whole of Ulster is reported quiet. 

AFFRAY AT FERKOY. NO RISING IN CORK. 

The following was issued by Field-Marshal 
Viscount French, Commanding the flome 
Forces, on Tuesday. 2nd May: — 

Dublin is gradually reverting to its 
normal condition. The work of clearing some 
small districts around Irishtown is being car- 
ried out by an ever-contracting cordon. 

Cork. — All is quiet in this county with the 
exception of an affray in the Fernvoy district, 
where the police on attempting to arrest two 
men in their house met with armed resistance, 
the head constable being shot dead. On 
arrival of military reinforeomenu the 
occupants of the house, all of whom were 
wounded, surrendered. 

The Sinn Feiners in Cork City, where there 
has been no rising, have handed in their 
arms. 

Wexford. — The column which went to 
Enniscorthy is carrying out the arrest of 
rebels in Co. Wexford. 

The rest of the South of Ireland is re- 
ported quiet. 

TRIALS OF REBELS. 
The following communication was issued' c-i 
Tuesday, 2nd May, from the Irish. Command 
Headquarters : — 

Rebels considered suitable for trial are 
being tried by Field General Courts-martial 
under the Defence of the Realm Act in Dub- 
lin. As soon as the sentences have been con- 
firmed the public will be informed as to the 
results of tbe trial. 

Those prisoners whose cases could not be 
immediately dealt with are being sent to 
places of confinement in England. Their cases 
yvill receive consideration later. 

The cases of the women taken prisoners are 
.Under consideration. 

The work of dealing with th -e trials is one 
of great magnitude, and is being proceeded 
[with with despatch. 



The Provinces. 

Normal— Great Souther and Western Rail- 
way, Dubhn, Cork, Iralee, Limerick. 

Quiet— Waterforc?, King's County, Queen's 
County, Wicklow, Carlow, Cork, W.R. ; Gal- 
way, E.R.; i,.ayo, Belfast, and Ulster 
Counties. 

NO SHOOTING WITHOUT TRIAL. 

The Irish Command Headquarters on lues- 
day, 2nd May, issued the following:— 

I. Reports as to the shooting without trial 
of any rebels after their surrender may be 
denied' in the Press. Irials are not yet com- 
pleted. 

il. Passes— (a) Communication is c-en and 
free inside Dublin City within the cordon 
of North and South Circular roads. (b) 
passes will be required for some few ciiys by 
people proceeding through that cordon, but 
exam nation posts have " been established at 
convenient points along the North and South 
Circular roads, at which inhabitants of Dub- 
lin and environs may be passed through by 
the police. (c' Women, children, anc? coal 
and food carts have free passage ia and out of 
Dublin. 

III. A restricted railway service will be^i;i 
from to-morrow, May 3rd, to and from Dub- 
lin^ but passengers must be scrutinised by the 
police both on entering and quitting railway 
stations. 

IV. A Proclamation has been issued' that 
only the ports of Dublin, Kingstown, Bel- 
fast, and Greenore are available for embarka- 
tion of passengers, subject to the scrutiny of 
the police. Intending passengers must show 
due cause for their proposed journey. 

REBELS DISPERSED IN GALWAY. 

The following report from Field-Marshal 
discount French, Commander-in-Chief of the 
Home Forces, was issued at Dublin on Wed- 
nesday. 3rd May, at 7.20 p.m.: 

The situation in Ireland is reported as quiet. 
The collection of arms and the arrests of fugi- 
tive rebels progresses satisfactorily. A strict 
cordon is st'll maintained. 

Galway— The police barracks at Oranmore, 

' ,| "" 1 '' ,1 ,T,;ip " + ''" iai f^.wav. were attacked' 

by parties of rebels, but held out until re- 
lieved. In th- West Riding of Galway the 
police report that the situation is well in 
hand; and that the rebels have been dis- 
persed. 

The South of Ireland is quiet. Steady pro- 
gress is being made towards the restoration of v 
normal conditions. 

The situation in Ulster is normal. > 

IRISHTOWN THE LAST SPOT. 

The following notice was issued on Thurs- 
day, 4th May :— , 
PASSES. 

From to-morrow, May 5th, 1916, passes ' 
are not required for any persons moving in 
and cut of Dublin. But the cordon of 
troops all round Dublin will be maintained 
and people will be required to pass through 
this, cordon at fixed examination posts, when 
they will be subject to scrutiny by the civil 
police. This order does not apply to th* 



46 




Irishtown Area, round which the Com- 
mander, 177th Infantry Brigade, has estab- 
lished a close cordon. Only women and 
children are allowed to pass through this 
close cordon. 

A. E. Sandbach, 
Major-General, 
Commanding Troops in Dublin Area. 
Dublin, 4th May, 1916. 

300 ARRESTS BY BELFAST POLICE. 

The following official notification was is- 
sued at Belfast on Monday, 8th May :— 

The police, acting under instructions, made 
on Friday last a large number of domiciliary 
visits in the city and suburbs of Belfast, and 
arrested some twenty six persons who were 
suspected of being connected with the Sinn 
Fein movement. These prisoners, together 
with eight others who had been arrested in 
County Louth, were sent ou to Dublin on 
Saturday last. 

On Easter Tuesday, 25th April, a party of 
Belfast police, numbering 200, left the city 
by motor transport, and until Saturday morn- 
ing they had been actively engaged Ground- 
ing up about 1,500 rebels in various parts of 
the country. They have effected some 300 
arrests, and of these prisoners 136 have been 
sent to Dublin, while 130 are confined else- 
where. 

INSTRUCTION TO SIR JOHN MAXWELL. 

The instructions to Sir John Maxwell by 
the Army Council with regard to the steps 
to be taken by him as to the outbreak in 
Dublin were issued on Wednesday, 10th May, 
in a letter to the Field-Marshai Commanoing 
in-Chief Home Forces: — 

"His Majesty's Government desire that 
Sir John Maxwell will take all such measures 
es may in his opinion be necessary for the 
prompt suppression of insurrection in Ireland, 
and be granted a free hand in regard to all 
troops now in Ireland, or which may be 
placed under his command hereafter, and alro 
in regard to such measures as may seem to 
bim advisable under the Proclamation dated 
April 26, issued under the Defence of the 
Realm Act, 1915, 

"' In regard to the question of administra- 
tion, as also military and martial law, Sir 
John Maxwell will correspond direct with the 
War Office under the same system tint 
obtained in peace time. 

"In the event of Sir John Maxwell apply- 
ing to you for further reinforcements, l am 
to request that you will be good enough to 
inform the Army' Council of the nature of the 
demand, and your proposed action in the 
matter." 

REMOVAL OF THE DEAD. 

Ibe following announcements were made by 
the civic authorities on Wednesday, 3rd May — 

"The removal of bodies in Dublin is being 
carried out by the military authorities and 
ii,,. aanitary authorities, and citizens are re- 
quired to give information of discoveries of 
bodies to the police', or to the Medical 
Officei >t Health, Castle street. Bodies may 
p e t be lying on roots or concealed in 
. in , ., Iram which snipers fired." 



PREVENTION OF EPIDEMIC. 

"Persons discovering dead bodies should 1 
inform the police or the Chief Medical OfhVer 
of Health, Municipal Buildings, Castle street, 
immediately." 

i ■' 

PROCLAMATIONS. 
RESTRICTIONS UPON CITIZENS. 

On the day the rebellion broke out the fol 
lowing Proclamation was issued by the Vice 
roy :— 

Whereas, an attempt, instigated and de- 
signed by the foreign enemies of our King 
and Country to incite rebellion in Ireland, 
and thus endanger the safety of the United 
Kingdom, has been made by a reckless, 
though small body of men, who have been 
guilty of insurrectionary acts in the City of 
Dublin : 

JNow, we, Ivor Churchill, Baron Wimborne, 
Lord Lieutenant-General and Governor-Gene- 
ral of Ireland, do hereby warn all His 
Majesty's subjects that the sternest measures 
are being, and will be taken for the prompt 
suppression of the existing disturbances, and 
the restoration of order ; 

And we do hereby enjoin all loyal and law- 
abiding citizens to abstain from any acts or 
conduct which might interfere with the action 
of the Executive Government, and, in parti- 
cular, we warn al> citizens of the danger of 
unnecessarily frequenting the streets or public 
places, or of assembling in crowds : 

Given under our Seal, on the 24th dav of 
April, 1916. 

WIMBORNE. 

MARTIAL LAW PROCLAIMED IN DUBLIN. 

The following day, Tuesday, 25th April, 
the Viceroy issued a second proclamation, in 
which Martial Law was applied to the City 
and County of Dublin for a period of one 
month. The people were warned of the 
danger of frequenting places where the mili- 
tary were operating, and ordered to remain 
indoors between 7 30 p.m. and 5.30 a m. 
In the Dublin area all licensed premises 
were ordered to be closed, except between the 
hours of 2 and 5 p.m. 

On Wednesday, 26th April, a Proclamation 
was issued commanding all p-ersons in Dublin 
Citv and County to keep within their houses 
between the hours of 7.^0 p.m. and 5.30 a.m., 
unless provided with the wiitteu permission 
of the military authorities. This notice was 
signed by Major-General L. B. Friend, C.B., 
the then Commander-in-Chief of the Forces 
in Ireland. 

On Wednesday, 26th April, a Proclamation 
was issued suspending in Ireland Section L 
of the Defence of the Realm Act, which gives 
flic right to a British subject charged with 
offence to be tried by Civil Court. 

ALL IRELAND UNDER MARTIAL LAW. 

On Wednesday, 26th April, a Proclamation 
was issued placing tlio whole of Ireland under 
martial law for the period of one month, and 
oi Saturday, 29th, this Order was extended 
for one month. 



4/ 



• SIR JOHN MAXWELL ADOPTS RIGOROUS 
MEASURES. 

The first proclamation to be issued by 
General Sir John Maxwell on taking over com- 
mand of His Majesty's troops in IreLnd on 
Friday, 28th April, was as follows: — 

" 4 Most rigorous measures will be taken by 
me to stop the loss of life and damage to 
property which certain misguided persons are 
causing by their armed resistance to the law. 
If necessary, I shall not hesitate to destroy 
all buildings within any area occupied by 
rebels, and I warn all person* within the area 
now surrounded by His Majesty's troops, 
forthwith to leave such areas under 
the following conditions : — (a) Women and 
children may leave the area from 
any of the examining posti Set up for the 
purpose, and will be allowed to go away free ; 
(6) men may leave by the same examining 
posts, and will -be allowed to go away free, 
provided the examining officer is satisfied they 
have taken no part whatever in the present 
disturbance ; (r) all other men who present 
themselves at the said examining posts must 
surrender unconditionally, together with any 
arms and ammunition in their possession." 
SURRENDER OF ARMS. 

On Tuesday, 2nd May, the following was 
issued : — 

I, General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 
K.C.B., K.C.M.G., C.V.O., D.S.O., Command- 
ing-in-Chief His Majesty's Forces in Ireland, 
hereby Order that all members of the Irish. 
Volunteer Sinn Fein Organisation or of the 
Citizen Army, shall forthwith surrender all 
arms, ammunition, and explosives in their pos- 
session to the nearest Military Authority or 
jto the nearest Police Barracks Any member 
[of either of these organisations found in 
(possession of any arms, ammunition, or ex- 
jplosives, after 6th May, 1916, will be severely 
dealt with. 

On Saturday, 6th May, an d?«?er was issued 
by Major-General A. E. Sandiach, command- 
ng the troops in the l>uulin area, requiring 
all licensed premises within the A, B, C, D, 
an-1 E Divisions of the Dublin Metropolitan 
Police distrLt to be kept closed throughout 
Saturday, May 6th, and thereafter to be kept 
closed except between the hours of 2 p.m. 
and 6 p.m. 

On Friday, 12th May, an order was issued 
fixing the hours at which citizens must re- 
main indoors — from twelve midnight until four 
torn. This came into operation on Sunday, 
13th May, when a full tram service was run 
Eor the first time after the outbreak of the 
rebellion. 

POLITICAL MEETIMSS BANNED. 

The following Order was issTasii on Saturday, 
3th May, by Sir John Maxwell, General Com- 
n&nding-in-Chief the Forces in Ireland : — 
Political Meetings, Parades, or Processions. 

) Uenerai Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, 
i-.C b , K.C.M.G., C.V.O., D.S.O., _ Com- 
nanding in-Chief His Majesty's Forces in Ire- 
and, hereby order that no parade, proces- 
sion, or political Krss^Xig. csr er^anised foot- 
)all, athletic, or hurling meeiiftg, shall (alee 
ilace anywhere in Ireland without the written 



authority, previously obtained, of the F-al 
to persons specially authorised, in writing, 
by the competent military authority to carry 
firearms. 

County Inspector of Royal Irish Constabu- 
lary, or, in Dublin City, of the Chief Com- 
missioner of the Dublin Metropolitan Police. 

This Order was modified at the end of 
June by a new Order, deleting the words 
" organised foo.*all, athletic, or hurling 
meeting " from the original. 

The remainder of the Order remains in 
force. This means that, while processions, 
parades, and political meetings shall not take 
place without written authority, no such 
authority is needed for "football, "athletic, or 
hurling meetings. 

CARRYING OF ARMS PROHIBITED. 

Under the Defence of the Realm (Consolida- 
tion) Reguiationa, General Sir John Maxwell 
on 17th July issued an Order which prohibits 
the carrying of firearms or military arms in 
1 -eland except by members of His Majesty's 
naval or military lorees, or of the Dublin 
Metropolitan Police rr the Royal Irish Con- 
stabulary. It does not apply to duly licensed 
persons carrying shot guns for sporting pur- 
poses, to occupiers of land v ho desire tr> 
scare birds or kill vermin on their land', or 
MARTIAL LAV/ UNTIL FURTHER ORDERS. 

A proclamation was issued on Saturday, 
27th May. by the Lords Justices General 
and General Governors of Ireland, statin" 
that, as "disaffection and unrest still pre". 

vail in certain parts of Ireland 

martial law shall continue to exist through- 
out Ireland until further order." 

This order remained in force in April, 
1917, v\hen this edition was prepared for thu 
Press. 

DRILLING IN IRELAND PROHIBITED. 

On 23. h November an order was issued by 
the Chief Secretary making it an offence 
against the Defence of the Peaim Act for any 
body in Ireland to take pait in any drill 
of a military nature without a permit from i 
competent naval or military a'dhoritv. 
CARRIAGE OF LETTERS. 

An order was also issued by General Sir 
John Maxwell, by which it became an offen. e 
under the Defence of the Realm Act for any 
person to send letters (shippers' advices ex- 
cepted) to the United Kingdom or elsewhere 
by any means except that cf the Post Ollice. 
LICENSED HOUSES IN DUBLIN. 

When the rebellion occurred pub- 
licans were only allowed to open their 
licensed premises daily between th» 
hours of 2 and 5 p.m. On May 12th a new 
Order extended the hours from 10 a.m. to 5 
p.m., and on the 15th May another GrdeB 
permitted the public-houses to remain opeo 
between 7 a.m. and 10 p.m. on four days 
of the week, between 7 a.m. and 9.30 p.m.) 
on two days, and from 2 p.m. ta 5 p.m. onj 
Sundays. This was curtailed by an Order 
operating from 24th May, aarJ which re* 
stricted tfes hours fo» she sal« cf liquor from 
10 E,.m. to rj p.m. On Monday, 26th Jun% 
the hours were again extended to 9 a.m. w. 
9.30 p.m., 

1 



43 



THS PR0CLAMAT70NS OF THE 

RlBELS, 
♦ 

SOME HISTORIC DOCUMENTS. 

The first thing the rebels did when 
they secured possession of the Post Office was 
to post up on that building and others around 
it a Proclamation by which they declared an 
Irish Republic. A facsimile reproduction of 
Jhe poster appears on page one. The following 
sire Tames of other orders and manifestoes is- 
•*sed by the rebels : — 

EASTER MANOEUVRES CANCELLED. 

Dublin Brigade Order. 
23rd April, 1916. 
H.Q. 

1. As publicly announced, the inspection 
^nd manoeuvres ordered for this day are can- 
celled. 

2. All Volunteers are to stay in Dublin until 
fur.lher orders. 

Thomas MacDonagh, 

Commandant. 

Ed. de Valera. 

THE FATAL PARADE. 

Dublin Brigade Order. 

H.Q., 
24th April, 1916. 

1. The four city battalions will parade for 
inspection and route march at 10 a.m. to day. 
Com nandants will arrange centres. 

2. Full arms and equipment and one day's 
/rations. _. 

Thomas MacDonagh, 
Commandant. 

Coy. E 3 will parade at Beresford place at 

10 a.m. 

P. IT. Pearse, 
Commandant. 

ADDRESS TO THE CITIZENS OF DUBLIN. 

The following is a copy of a manifesto issued 
bv 1 J - H. I'eaise to the citizens of Dublin 
during Faster week :— 

THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT 

To The 
CITIZENS OF DUBLIN. 

The Provisional Government of the Irish 
'(Republic salutes the Citizens of Dublin on the 
momentous occasion of the proclamation of a 

SOVEREIGN INDEPENDENT IRISH STATE, 

now in course of being established ly Irish- 
men in arms. 

The Republican forces hold the lines taken 
tip at twelve noon on Easter Monday, and no- 
where, despite fierce and almost continuous at- 
tacks of the British trooos, have the lines been 
'iSroken through. The country is rising in an- 
swer to Dublin'j call, and the final achiev»- 
ment of Ireland's freedom is now, with God's 
help, only a matter of days. The valour, self- 



sacrifice and discipline of Irish men and 
women are about to win for our country a 
glorious place among the nations. 

Ireland's honour has already been re- 
deemed ; it remains to vindicate her wisdom 
and her self-control. 

All citizens of Dublin who believe in the 
right of their country to be free will give 
their allegiance and their loyal help to the 
Irish Republic. There is work for everyone; 
for the men in the fighting line, and for the 
women in the provision of food and first aid. 
Every Irishman and Irishwoman worthy ot 
the name will come forward to help their 
common country in this her supreme hour. 

Able-bodied citizens can help by building 
barricades in the streets to oppose the advance 
of the British troops. The British troops have 
been firing on our women and on our Red 
Cross. On the other hand, Irish regiments 
in the British Army have refused to act 
against their fellow-countrymen. 

The Provisional Government hopes that its 
supporters — which means the vast bulk of the 
people of Dublin — will preserve order and self- 
restraint. Such looting as has already oc- 
cured has been done by hangers-on oi the 
British Army. Ireland must keep her new 
honour unsmirched. 

We have lived to see an Irish Republic pro- 
claimed. May we live to establish it firmly, 
and may our children and our children's chil- 
dren enjoy the happiness and prosperity 
which freedom will bring. 

Signed on behalf of the Provisional Govern- 
ment, 

P. H. Pearse, 
Commanding-in-Chief of the Forces of 
the Iri^h Republic, and President 
of the Provisional Government. 

THE WAR STOP PRESS EDITION. 

The rebels on the second day of the rising 
issued a small newspaper of four pages, mca- 
suri.ig ten inches by seven and a half inches. 
The title on the front page read — 

IRiSH WAR NEWS. 

The Irish Republic. 

Vol. 1. No. 1. Dublin, Tuesday, April 25, 1916, 
Price One Pennv. 

The leading article, which was entitled " H 
the Germans Came to England," occupied th« 
whole of the front page, but the principal item 
of news was printed on the fourth page, and 
was as follows : — 

STOP PRESS] 

The Irish Republic. 
" (Irish) War News is published to day be 
■?ause a uomeotous thing has happened. Tht 
s.ish Rppuhlic bas been declared in Dublir 
and a Provisional Government has been ap- 
pointed to administer its affairs." 

c a 



43 



"The following have been named as the 
Provisional Government : — 
Thomas J. Clarke. 
Sean Mac Diarmadi 
P. H. Pearse. 
James Connolly. 
Thomas MacDonagh. 
Lamonn Ceannt. 
Joseph Plunkett. 

"The Irish Republic was procVmed by 
)oster which was prominently d'-^p'ayed in 
Jublin. 

" At 9.30 a.m. this morning the following 
tatement was made by Commandant-General 
* H. Pearse : — - 

"The Irish Republic was proclaimed in 
)ublin on Easter Monday, April 24, at 12 
toon. Simultaneously with the issue of the 
iroo'^n-ip+ion of the Provisional Government 
he Dublin division of the Army of the Re- 
ublic, including the Irish Volunteers, Citizen 
vrmy, Hibernian Rifles, and other bodies oc 
upied dominating positions in the city. The 
l.P.O. was seized at 12 noon, the Castle at- 
icked at the same moment, and shortly after- 
ards the Four Courts were occupied. The 
ish troops hold the City Hall and dominate 
le Castle. Attacks were immediately com- 
lenced by the British forces, and were every- 
here repulsed. At the moment of writing 
lis report (9.30 a.m. Tuesday) the Republican 
trees hold their positions and the British 
»rces have nowhere broken through. There 
as been heavy and continuous fighting for 
jarly 24 hours, the casualties of the enemy 

ng much more numerous than those on +he 
epublican side. The Republican force* every- 
here are fighting with splendid gallantrv. 
he populace of Dublin are plainly with the 
epublic, and the officers and men are every- 
here cheered as they march through the 
reets. The whole centre of the citv is in 
e hands of the Republic, whose flag flies 
om the G.P.O. 

" Commandant-General P. H. Pearse is 
jmmandant-in -Chief of the Army of the Re- 
iblic and is President of the Provisional 
jvernment. Commandant-General James Con- 

lly is commanding the Dublin districts. 

I Communication with the country is largely 
t, but reports to hand show that the country 
rising. Bodies of men from Kilo'are and 
ngal have already reported in Dublin." 

"TO THE OFFICER IN THE D.B.C." 

The following is a copy of orders issued by 
imes Connolly, the " Commandant " of the 
iblin Division of the "Republican Army." 
tinolly, who was in charge of the rebels in 
B General Post Office, was executed in Dub- 
on Friday, 12th May :— 

i' Army of the Irish Republic, 

" (Dublin Command). 
" Headquarters, Date, 25th April, 1916. 
' To the Officer in Charge, Reis and D.B.C. 
'The main purpose of your post is to pro- 
it oiu wireless station. Its secondary [ ur- 



pose is to observe Lower Abbey stnet and 
/ »\\er O'Conneli street. Commandeer in tha 
D.B.C. whatever food and utensils you re- 
quire. Make ajre of a plentiful supply of 
\vater wherever your men are. Break all 
A-'°s in the windows of the rooms occupied 
%>*. you for fighting purposes. Establish a con- 
nection between your forces in the D.B.C. and 
la Reis's building. Be sure that the stair- 
ways leading immediately to your rooms are 
Well barricaded. We have a post in the house 
at the corner of Bachelor's Walk, in the Hotel 
Metropole, in the Imperial Hotel, in the 
General Post Office. The directions from 
which you are likely to be attacked are from 
the Custom House, or from the far side of the 
river, D'Olier gtreet, or Westmoreland street. 
We believe there is a sniper in McBirney's oa 
the far side of the river. 

" James Connolly, 

" Commandant-General." 

"THE HOUR OF VICTORY." 

The following is a copy of an order which 
was found on the body of the O'Rahilly, one 
of the rebel commandants, who was shot 
dead while fighting in Henry place, opposite 
the General Post Office, Dublin. It was 
presumably written in the Post Office, which 
the rebels had made their headquarters, and 
is dated April 28, the day before the Sinn 
Fein garrison surrendered : — 

Army of the Irish Republic 
(Dublin Command), 
Headquarters, April 23, 1916. 

To Soldiers, 

This is the fifth day of the establishment 
of the Irish Republic, and the flag of our 
country still floats from the most important 
buildings in Dublin, and is gallantly pro- 
tected by the officers and Irish soldiers in 
arms throughout the country. Not a day 
passes without seeing fresh postings of Irish 
soldiers eager to do battle for the old cause.: 
Despite the utmost vigilance of the enemy 
we have been able to get in information tell- 
ing us how the manhood of Ireland, inspired 
by our splendid action, are gathering to 
offer up their lives if necessary in the same 
holy cause. We are here hemmed in because 
the enemy feels that in this building is to 
be found the heart and inspiration of our, 
great movement. 

Let us -remind you what you have done* 
For the first time in 700 years the flag of a 
free Ireland floats triumphantly in Dublin 
City. 

The British Army, whose exploits we are 
for ever having dinned into our ears, which 
boasts of having stormed the Dardanelles and 
the German lines on the Marne, behind their 
artillery and machine guns are afraid t« 
advance to ths attack or storm any position* 
held by oa? forces. The slaughter they 
suffered in the fiVst few days has totally 
unnerved them, and they dare not attempt 
again an infantry attack on our positiona.. 

3 



50 



Our Commandants around us are holding 
their own. 

Commandant Daly's splendid exploit in 
rapturing Linen Hall Barracks we all know. 
You must know also that the whole popula- 
tion, both clergy and laity, of this district 
are united in his praises. Commandant Mac- 
Donagh is established in an impregnable posi- 
tion reaching from the walls of Dublin Castle 
to Redmond"s Hill, and from Bishop street to 
Stephen's Green. 

(In Stephen's Green, Commandant 

holds the College of Surgeons, one side of 
the square, a portion of the other side, and 
dominates the whole Green and all its 
entrances and exits.) 

Commandant De Valera stretches in a posi- 
tion from the Gas Works to Westland row, 
holding Boland's Bakery, Boland"s Mills, 
Dublin South-Eastern Railway Works, and 
dominating Merrion sqnare. 

Commandant Kent holds the South Dublin 
Union and Guinness's Buildings to Marrow- 
bone lane, and controls James's street and 
district. 

On two occasions the enemy effected a lodg- 
ment and were driven out with great loss. 

Ihe men of North County Dublin are in 
the held, have occupied all the Police Bar- 
racks in the district, destroyed all the tele- 
gram system on the Great Northern Railway 
up to Dundalk, and are operating against the 
trains of the Midland and Great Western. 

Dundalk has sent 200 men to march upon 
Dublin, and in the other parts of the North 
our forces are active and growing. 

In Gal way Captain , fresh after his 

escape from an Irish prison, is in the field 
with his men. Wexford and Wicklow are 
strong, and Cork and Kerry are equally 
acquitting themselves creditably. (We have 
every confidence that our Allies in Germany 
and kinsmen in America are straining every 
neive to hasten matters on our behalf.) 

As you know, I was wounded twice yester- 
day and am unable to move about, but have 
got my bed moved into the firing line, and, 
with the assistance of your officers, will be 
just as useful to you as ever. 

Ccurage, boys, we are winning, and in the 
hour of our victory let us not forget the 
splendid women who have everywhere stood 
by us and cheered us on. Never had man or 
■woman a grander cause, never was a cause 
inore grandly served. 



(Signed) 



James Connolly, 
Commandant-General, 
Dublin Division. 



MANIFESTO BY P. H. PEARSE ON THE EVE 
OF SURRENDER. 

The following is a copy of a manifpsto issued 
from the Heaiqturters of the i««/gents, 
General Rot Office, Dublin. It was written 
on Government papier bearing the Royal Arms 
embossed id left top corner: — 



" Headquarters, Army of the Irish Republic, 
"General Post Office, Dublin, 

"28th April, 1916, 9 30 am. 

"The Forces of the Irish Republic, which 
was proclaimed in DuLlin, on taster Monday, 
24th April, have been in possession of the cen- 
tral part of the capital, since 12 noon on that 
day. Up to yesterday afternoon Headquarters 
was in touch with all the main outlying posi- 
tions, and, despite furious, and almost con- 
tinuous assaults by the British Forces all those 
positions were then still ueing held, and the 
Commandants in charge, were conlident of 
their ability to hold them fo- a long time. 

" During the course of yesterday afternoon, 
and evening, the enemy succeeded in cutting 
our communications with our other position 
in the city, and Headquarters is to-day 
isolated. 

" The enemy has burnt down whole blocks 
of houses, apparently with the object of giving 
themselves a clear tie'.d for the play of artil- 
lery and held guns against us. We have been 
bombarded during the evening ani night Ly 
shrapnel and machine gun hie, but without 
material damage to our position, which is of 
great strength. 

" We are busy completing arrangements for 
the final defence of Her. .quarters, and are 
determined to hold it while the buildings last. 

" 1 desire now, lest 1 may not have an oppor. 
tunity later, to p y nomage to the gallantry 
of the soldiers of Irish meedom who have 
during the past four days been writing with 
hie and steel the most glorious chapter in 
the later history of Ireland. Justice can 
never be done to their heroism, to their dis- 
cipline, to their gay and unconquerable 
spirit in the midst oi peril and death. 

" Let me, who have led them into this, 
speak in my own, and in my fellow-com- 
manders' names, and in the name ot Ireland 
pre eut and to come, their praise, ar.cf ask 
those who come alter them to remember 
them. 

" For four days they have fought and 
toiled, almost without cessation, alniust with- 
out sleep, and in the intervals of fighting 
they have sung songs of the freedom of lie- 
land. No man has complained, no man has 
asked 'why?' Each individual has spent 
himself, happy to pour out kis strength for 
Ireland' and for freedom. If tney do not 
win this fight, they will at least have de- 
served to win it. But win it they will, 
although they may win it in death. Already 
they have won a great thing. They have re- 
deemed Dublin from r.^ny shames, and made 
her name splendid among the names of cities. 

" If 1 were to mention names of indivi- 
duals, my list would be a long one. 

"I will name only that of Commandant 
General James Connolly, Commanding the 
Dublin Division. He lies wounded, but is 
still the guiding brain of our resistance. 

" If we accomplish no more than we have 
Bccomplislftd, I am satisfied. I am satisfied 
that we have saved Ireland's honour. I am 
satisfied that we should have accomplished 

C 4 



51 



more, that we should have accomplished' the 
tack of enthroning, as well as procla' img, 
the Irish Republic as a Sovereign otate, h&J 
our arrangements tor a simultaneous rising 
of the whole country, with a combined' plan 
as sound as the Dublin plan has been proved 
to be, been allowed + o go through on Easter 
Sunday. Of the fatal countermanding order 
which prevented those plans from being car- 
ried out, I shall not speak further. Both 
Eoin MacNeill and we have acted in the best 
interests of Ireland. 

" For my part, as to anytning I have done 
in this, J am not afraid to face either the 
judgment of God, or the judgment of 
posterity. 

" (Signed) P. H. Peabse, 

" Commandant General, 

"Commanding-in-Chief, the Army of the 
" Irish Republic and President of the 
" Provisional Government." 



THE Uu, 



LIGHTING MEN. 



AN ORDER OF THE " I.R. GOVERNMENT." 

The following is a copy of a credit left on 
the premises of Messrs. Alex. Findlater and 
Co. for goods taken by the rebels : — 



Tne following is a copv of the leaflet issued 
from the headquarters of the Irish "Volunteers 
giving instructions to the men regarding their 
equipment : — 

TTANNA FAIL. 



THE IRISH VOLUNTEERS. 

Service Kit. 

The following are the articles prescribed by 
Headqpnrters for the personal equipment of 
Volunteers on field service. Items printed hi 
heavy type are to be regarded as important : — ■ 

FOR ALL VOLUNTEERS. 

(a.) As to clothes: uniform or other clothes 
as preferred ; if uniform not worn clothes to 
be of neutral colour ; nothing white or shiny 
(white collar not to be worn) ; Soft=Brim. 
med hat (to be worn in lieu of cap on field 
service); strong comfortable boots; overcoat. 



(b.) As to arms: "^ifie, with sling and 
cleaning outfit ; 100 rounds of ammunition 
with bandolier or ammunition pauches to hold 
same ; bayonet, with scabbard, frog and belt ; 
No Date, 24/4/lo. Time ,.. strong knife or slasher. 

(c.) As to provision for rations: Kaver> 

Place sack, water-bottle, mess-tin (or billy 

can), with knife, fork, spoon, tin cup; one dry 
To Alex. Findlater stick (towards making fire); emergency ration. 

pj ace (d.) Knapsack containing: snare shirt, pair 

of socks, towel, soap, cumD, scissors, needle, 
thread, safety-pins. 



Commandeered by the Irish Republic, tc bj 
paid lor goods to the value of about D25. 

By Order of the I. R. Government. 

A COMMISSION EN THE CITIZEN ARMY. 

Th^ most interesting " find " at the Royal 
College of Surgeons after the surrender »•* 
the rebels was the following partly printed, 
paitly written, commission : — 

"Irish Citizen Army." 

" Headquarters, Liberty Hall, Dublin.. 

•" Commandant James Connolly. 

" Date, 24th April, 1916. 

" By warrant of the Army Council, I 
hereby appoint Michael Kelly to take the 
rank of Lieutenant, with full power to exer- 
cise all the rights and perform all the dutiw 
belonging to that rank. 

(Signed) ■" James Connolly, 

if Commandajit." 



(e.) In the pocket: clasp knife, note-book 
and pencil, matches in tin box. boot laies, 
strong cord, a candle, coloured handker- 
chiefs. 

(f.) Sewn i: side coat: First Geld dressing. 

FOR OFFICErS. 

(a.) As to clothes: uniform is verv desirabl' 
for officers; if not worn a sufficient, but no', 
unduly conspicuous, distinguishing mark o( 
rank to be worn. 

(b.) As to arms: automatic pistol o? 
revolver, with ammunition for same, in lien 
of rifle; sword, sword bayonet, or short lance*. 

The rest of the equipment as for ordinary 
Volunteers, with the following 

(c.) Additions: Whistle on core?; watch j 
Field despatch-book ; fountain pen or copying 

inli pencil; field glasses, pocket compass, range* 
finder, map of district, electric torch, hooded., 

Sub--o5Bcera and scouts should', as far as 
possible, be provided with the additional 
tx tides prescribed for Officers. 

By Order. 



52 




OFFICIAL LISTS OF CASUALTIES, 

On Thursday, 11th May, it vas oScially intimated that the total casualties caused ly the 

revolt were as follows : — 

Killed. Wounded. Missing. TotaL 

Military officers 17 46 — 63 

Military, other ranks 86 311 9 406 

Royal Irish Constabulary officers... 2 — — 2 

Royal Jrish Constabulary, other ranks 12 23 — 35 

Dublin Metropolitan Police 3 3 — 6 

Civilians and insurgents 180 614 — 794 

300 997 9 1,306 

It was stated that according to reports rec eived from the police and medical authorities, 
80 persons were killed and 614 passed through the hospitals. Beyond this the casualties of 
the rebels were not ascertainable. Many of the rebels were not in uniform, and it was not 
possible to distinguish between them and civilians, hence they are all included in the last 
figures given. Since these figures were issued' the deaths of wounded persons have in:reaaed 
the total death roll considerably, but no complete official list is rvailable. 

The following lists of casualties were compiled from those issued on different dates by 
the War Office : — 

OFFICERS. 

KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

ALLATT, Colonel H. T. W. HUNTER, Sec. It. G. J., Lancers. 

ACHESON, Maj. P. H., Army Service Corps. LUCAS, Sec. Lt. A., King Edward's Horse. 

BROWNE, Sec. Lt. M. B., Sherwood NE1LAN, Lt. G. A., R.U.t*. 

Foresters. PERRY, Lt. P. C, Sherwood Foresters. 

CROCKETT, Sec. Lt. C. L., R. Innis. Fus. PURSER, Lt. P. A., Army Service Corps. 

CALVERT, Sec. Lt. J. II., T.-yal Irish Rities. P1NFIELD, Sec. Lt. G. V., 8th Hussars. 

DAFFEN, Lt. EL C, Sherwood' Foresters. RAMSAY, Lt. A. L., Royal Irish Rcgirrent. 

LiElKlCHSEN, Capt. F. C, Sherwood WARM1NGTON, Capt. A. E., Royal Irish 

^ore^ters. Re^t. 

CRAY, Sec. Lt. G. R., RDF. WORSWICK, See. Lt. B, King Edward's 
RAWKEN, Lfc. VV. V., She.wood Foresters. Horse. 



WOUNDED. 



ADDIS. Sec. Lt. T. H. L., RDF. 
BAYL1SS, Capt. P. S., South Staffs. Regt. 
Bl'HKOWES, Lt. T. J., 1 fie Brig.de. 
BROAD, Sec Lt. J. E., Sherwood Foresters. 
BAI1ERSBY, Sec. Lt. J. A., Royai Irish 

Kifies 
BALl.K, Maj C. A. J. A , R.A.M.C. 
BAG LEY, Capt. A. B., R.D.F. 
BLAKE, So-. Lt. R. 1). C, Hussars, 
till RCH, Capt. 1L. Royal Scots. 
LHARL1UN, Capt. R. A., Sherwood 

I'oie-ters. 
CURSHAM, Capt. F. G., Sherwood Foresters. 
CURTIS, Sec. Lt. VV. H., Sherwood' 

i! o rest-era. 
CHALMERS, Sec. Lt. A. D., Ryl. Fuaffiers. 
1JLLANY, Capt. A. S., R.D.F. 
L'JJSSANY, Capt, E. J. M. D. Lord, Royal 

Inniskillinq Fusiliers. 
DUNV1LLE, Sec. Lt. R. L. s Grenadier Gds. 
DENNING, Capt. G. F., R.A.M.C. 
DUNN, Sec. Lt. J. A., R.D.F. 
ELLIOTT, Lt. C. P., Sherwood Foreate*;. 

E, Lt.-Col. C, £,iS>5, Shmwood 

Foi esters. 
F1SHE!!, Sec. Lf. W. F., Sherwood Forever?. 
OERRARD, Sec. Lt. E., R.F.A. 
^A^ r>v '- & T ' ; J1 -. Sherwood Fores?0» t 



HARTSHORN, Sec. Lt. J. E., Sherwood 

1< oresters. 

HAWE. Sec. It. J. A., R.D.F. 
H1CKLING, Capt. F. G., She- wood Foresters. 
HELL1WELL, Sec. Lt. G. D., South Staffs. 

Regiment. 
JOLLANLf", Sec. Lt. B. E., Yeomanry. 
LAMB, Sec. Lt. F. M., Sherwood Foresters. 
LEATHAM, Maj. W. S. B.,Roval Irish Lilies. 
LESLIE-MELVILLE, Capt. and Adjfc. A. B., 

Sherwood Foresters. 
McCLUGHAN, Capt. J. C, Ryl. Irish Rifles , 
McCULLAGII, Capt. J. T., R.A.M.C. 
McCAMMOND, Sec. Lt. C. R. W., Roval 

Irish Rifles. ' 

MALONE, Lt. G., Royal Irish Regiment., 
MOONEY, Lt. H. L., R.A.M.C. 
NORMAN, Sec. Lt. H. W., Lainster Ro^t., 
NORTH, Sec. Lieut. F. W., R. Irish Rest., 
O'NEILL, Sec. Lb. J., Royal Dublin Fusiliers.) 
PRAGNELL, Capt. F., Sherwood Foresters. 
QUI BELL, Capt. A. 1L, Sherwood Forester 
R1GG, Maj. W. T., Royal Irish KiUes. 
SHEPPARD, Capt. J., S. Staffordshire Regt. 
1HOMLSON, Lfc. H. H., Duke of Lancaster's 

Uw r fi "i ?oso"ry. 
.aiSSlNGTON; Sec.. Lt.. H, G., R.E a 



RANK AND FILE. 

All are privates unless otherwise stated. The towns following the names are thos* in 
which the next-of-kin of the soldier reside. 



Barks, L.-Cpl. G. (Newark). 
Barratt, G. (Loughborough) 
Blissett, J. (N'ingham). 
Bradford, 5617, J. H. 
Chapman, L. -CI. H.(S'thwell). 
rixey, Co.S.-M. H. (Newark). 
Dixon, C. T. (N'ingham). 
Davenport, £. (Mansfield). 



Applegate.A. (N'ingham). 
Allen, H. (Carrington, Notts). 
Ankers, L(Riddings, Alfreton). 
Baguley, T. (Mansfield). 
Beastall, C. (Snelton Dale). 
Beazley, F. (Mansfield). 
Becke, Sgt. C. (Maidenhead). 
Belton, J. P. (Newark). 
Bradley, J. R. (Huthwaite). 
Bird, E. (Newark). 
Boissitt, J. (Nottingl am). 
Brindlev, R. (E. Kirby). 
8all,Bglr. T.VV. (Nottingham). 
Bettney, H. (Calver). 
Store, L.-Cpl. H. (N'ham) 
3owley, W. C. (Stapleford). 
Bradford, S. (Nottingham). 
3uckman, A. S. (Matlock). 
Jhampelovier, J. N. (N'ham). 
lay ton, L.-Cpl. H. (N'ham). 

toll in, G. (Nottingham). 
?onneley, J. (Mansfield). 
.'ooper.S.-Drm. R.(ManshVd). 
.ox, A. (Nottingham). 

ox, A. (Mansfield). 

hamrers, C. (N'ingham). 

arlin, Cnl. M. (Chesterfield). 

larke, 2481, G. F. 
."upitt, 5676, F. 
Jixon, J. (Woiksop). 
)avey, A. (Nottingham). 
)enham, J. H. (Day brook). 
)ickinson, A. (Nottingham). 
)iUon, C. (MansCeld). 
Mtchfield, R. (Mansfield). 
)ixie, J. (Nottingham). 
)ixon, 0. B. (Elkington). 
)olphin, J. J. (Mansfield). 
)ove, L.Cpl.F(Sutton-in-A'field) 
)oyle, W. (Nottingham). 
)uncombe, G. (Mansfield), 
Idney, T. (Mansfield). 
Iden, J. (Nottingham). 
Uliott, H. C. (Nottingham), 



SHERWOOD FORESTERS. 
KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 



Elliott, A. G. (N'ingham). 
Farnworth, E. (N'ingham). 
Forth, J. R. (Worksop). 
Goss, J. (Radford). 
Holland, L.(Sutton-in- \ 'field). 
Hoyle, Cpl. C. 
Holbrook, A. (N'ingham). 
Jeffs, P. (Bui well, Notts). 

WOUNDED. 

Ellis, F. (Radford). 
Fish, A. L. (Nottingham). 
Foster, R. (Arnold, Nottf). 
Freestone, W. (Newark). 
Godbor, J. A. (Radford). 
Goddard, J. (Nottingham). 
Graveney,L.-Sgt. A.(Aewark). 
Hadden, J. (Carlton). 
Hawley, Cpl. E. (Netherfield). 
Hazledene, A. (Long Eaton). 
Hill, L. Cpl. W. (Basford). 
Hocking, J. (Stanton Hill). 
Hogg, L.-Sgt. J. (Alfreton). 
Hopcroft, R. (Nottingham). 
Higgins, J. T. 
lies, F. (West Bridg ford). 
Hlingworth, E. (Retford). 
Jackson, Sgt. W. (Newark). 
Kerry, L. (Alfreton). 
Lindley, H. (Mansfield). 
Lane, J. H. (Newark). 
Lawrence, Co. S-M. H(Newark) 
Laxton, E. (Snci'.oa, Notts). 
Limb, B. M. (Dravcott). 
Lowde, 3353, S. H. 
J^ock, A. (Basford, Notts). 
Middleton, S. (Long Eaton). 
Midgeley, N. (Fisherton). 
Millership.G (Sutton-in A'field) 
Marriott, 550, Co. Sergt.-Maj. 

E. C. 
M.iorbv. (J. N. (Br-ud u ottnm) 
Mapletoft, ■ J. (Wa.-sop, Notts) 
MeMahon, N (Chesterfield). 
Mottley, W. (Auneiley, 

Woodhouse). 
Newcombe, Col. A. (Notts.). 
Nicholson,Cl. A. (Old Basford). 
Norman, C. H. (Nottingham). 
Northbridge, H. (Mansfield). 
Nunn, Sgt. G. (Worksop). 
Oldham T. H. (Beeston). 
Clley, B. D. (Nottingham). 
O'Mara, J. (Mansfield). 



Aucnen, A. .7. (Newark). 
Millar, T. H., (C bury). 
Rodgers, H. (White well). 
Sibley, A. (Beeston, Notts). 
TunniclifTe.W.A. (Long Eaton) 
Tyler, 4905, A. 
Warner, A. (Mansfield). 
Woard, A. E. (Newark). 



Pearce, 5416, H. 
Padmore, E. (Nottingham). 
Parsons, Sgt. W. G. (Notts.) 
Pattinson, A. (Carlisle). 
Pickering, Cpl. A. (Watford). 
Plowman, W. (StaplelorA 
Plow-right, H. (Nottingtlioj). 
Poppitt, L.-Cpl. J. (Woikso : » 
Presswood, E. (Worksop). 
Proctor, A. F. (Bontham). 
Ridge, H (Southwell). 
Rooks, C. E. (Elmham). 
Reynolds, F. N. (N'ham). 
Roberts, H. (Bootle). 
Robson, A. N. (Nottingham). 
Rowe, G. (Cu.rington). 
Saltinstali, A. (Nottingham). 
Savage, F. (A^ansfield'). 
Scothon, G. (Sherwood). 
Scrutton, D. G. (Farndon). 
Skerritt, W. (Arnold). 
Smith, A. (Nottingham). 
Smith, H. (West BiidgeloiJ) 
Smith, W. (MansSeid). 
Snowden, F. (Retiord). 
Simmonds, J. (N'isgham.V 
Stroud, W. (Beading). 
Sheldon, H. (Lentopj. 
Smedlev. H (Nottingham). 
Shaw, W. (Ilkeston)'. 
Sharpe, t>5W, S. 
Stri.k-on, 5333, G. 
'Ja\lor, \V. H. ( n'orksop). 
'J'horpe, ^ . ( r-outii Lcarle). 
Vest-v, 55..' 1, 13. 
Wiles", 5619, W. 
Waplington, W. (TuxfordL 
Ward, J. (Rddford). 
Webster, 0. (New Bisford), 
Williamson, J. (Buxton). 
Wyer, C. (Southwell), 
vvnitby, B. (Radford). 



SOUTH STAFFORDSHIRE REGIMENT. 



ank?, A. (Wednesfield). 
anting, F. C. (W'hampton). 
Sarrett, Cpl. .J (W'hampton). 
lourne, Ef. (Sedgeley). 
lowcott, J. (W'hampton). 
!hick, J. (Wombourne). 

L J 



KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Collins, 3151, T. A. 
Jfox, E. (Willenhall). 
Humphries, W. H. (M'field). 
JobWl, T. rWillenhall). 
Speed, B. (Wolverhampton)., 
Eaujuders, 0. (Brierley).. 



Sherwooa, J. JFT. (Bolton)— « 

accident&J y. 
Tempest, (.o. ^.M.S. D, 

F. (Wolver jiampt^n) 
Wright, P t (Nuneaton)., 



Bavliss, 5C51, R. 
Banks, Sgt. A. (Willenhall). 
Btnfield, F. (Smethwick). 
Buckerfield,G.A.( W'hampton) 
Buckoke, H. L. (Balham). 
Bulloch, H. (Bilston) 
JQavies, F. (Wolverhampton), 
fbavies, W. (Wolverhampton). 
&~oley, J. (West Bromwich). 



WOUNDED. 

Goody, Sgt. A. (Clanham). 
Hane'ox, W. (Old Hill). 
Harris, W. E. (Vvals?' 1 ). 
Harvey, Sgt. J (Wa\sall). 
Hope,*T. S. (W'hampton). 
Jones, Sgt. H. (Heath i'own). 
Millington, T. (Kirk Ireton). 
Roberts, C. (Woivernamptou). 
Rowbotham, 4271, A. 



Stringer, F. (Dudley) 
Slaney, L. (Wolvernampton). 
Tudor, L.-Cpl. S. F. (Wolver- 
hampton). 
Venables. M. (W'hampton). 
Waterhnuse. G. (Stockport). 
Webb, S. (Walsall). 
Wortoii,Sgt. F. (Brierley Hi. 1 !) 



Brindley, H. (Burslem). 



NORTH STAFFORDSHIRE REGIMENT. 

KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Cornwall, L.-Sgt. L. (Burton on-Trent). 



Cornwall, Sgt. J. (Burton). 
Cook, C. E. (Stafford). 
Johnson, W. (Stoke-on-Trent). 



WOUNDED. 

King. L.-Cpl. C (Burton-on- Talbot. H. G. (N'p.ort, Sal-p). 

Trent). Warburton, L.-Sgt. H. (Bur- 
Merrick, G. (Uttoxeter). ton-on-Tieot). 



Coyle, Co. Q.M.S. J. 

(Middlesbrough). 
Duggan, C. (Belfast Enlt.) 
Hanna, J. (Belfast). 

Atkins, M. (Kilkenny). 

Brady, D. (Dublin). 

(.ley la no', W. D. (Belfast). 

Cunningha:-, J. (Youghal). 

CoUard, Sergt. G. (Poplar). 

Dovle, L. (Dublin). 

Duffy. J. T. (Kilteel, Co. 

Kildare) 
Gould, S. (Manchester). 
Graham, A. (Manchester). 
Gilmore, J. Toomebridge, 

Co. Antrim). 



ROYAL IRISH RIFLES. 

KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Mulhern, J. (Dublin). 
Morton, L.-C. N. (Belfast). 
McC'ullough, J. (Belfast). 

WOUNDED. 

Henderson, J. A. (B'fast). 
Hutchinson, S. (B'fast). 
Holohan, T. (Wrtenoid). 
Irvine, G. (Newry). 
Johnston, D. (B'fast). 
Maher, Cpl. H. (Dublin). 
Mitche.l, R. (Belfast). 
Mulhollanci', Sat. H. (B'fst.) 
Murray, P. (Dublin). 
McCord, L.-Cpl. R. (B'fst.) 
McMaster, Sgt. A. (B'fast), 
Mangan, Cpl. J. (Dublin). 

ROYAL DUBLIN FUSILIERS. 



M'Clelland, A. (Down;. 
Nolan. J (Dublin). 
Wilson, D. (Glasgow). 



Milholland, Sgt. J. (Belfast). 
O'Reilly, E. (Stillorgau). 
Patton, S. (Ballymoney). 
Smvth, W. ((. arrick-on Shan.) 
Swan, Cpl. D. (Belfast). 
Southam, Co. Sgt. -Ma]. R. 

(W. Bromwich). 
Taylor, A. (Dublin), 
'lay lor, Co. Seryt-Major W. 
Wilson, B. (Mo.s!ey, Antrim) 
Wilson, C. (Waterford). 



Burke, L. -Sergt. W. R. 

('Jravesend). 
Byrne, J. (Dublin). 
Loxon, R. (Uuiaair.). 



Baird, W. (Dublin). 
Barnes, J. W. (Dublin). 
Byrne, D. (Dublin). 
Byrne, 11. (Lucan, Co. D'bln). 
Brennan, F. A. (Dublin). 
Carolan, Q.M.S. T. (Sitting- 
bourne). 
Conway, P. (Donnybrook). 
Cope, L.-Cpl. E. (Dublin). 
Cox, L. -Cpl. T. (London). 



KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Ellis, A. (Leeds). Thompson. J. A. (Fnniskillen). 

Hare, Set. H. (Dublin). Watchorn, A. (Williamstown, 

lumphieys, O. II. (Dublin). Lo. Carlow). 

Lucas, F. (Halton, Leeds). 



WOUNDED. 

Craddock, C. (Clonmel). 
Campbell, J. (Dublin). 
Coroner, J. (Dublin). 
Dolan, Cpl. M'. (Dublin). 
Ellis, A. (Leeds). 
Kerrigan, L.-C. M. (Dublin) 
Healy, J. E. (Clare). 
Healy, P. (Cork). 
Herbert, L.-Cpl. P. (Dublin). 
Law lor, J. (Dublin), 



M'Alister, B. (Longford). 
M'Nally, M. (Dublin). 
Merry, L.-Cpl. M. (Dublin). 
Nolan, L.-C. M. (M'evan)., 
Nolan, H. (Manchester). 
O'Riordan, W. (Cork). 
Smith, R. A. (Dromore). 
Smuller, L.-C. M. (Dublin)., 
Wheatman, R. (Dublin). 
Walsh, R. H. (Dublin). ' 



Brennan, Cpl. J. (Gowra'n). 
Can-, M. (I ulhuddart). 
>vanagh, J. (Glasgow). 



ROYAL IRISH REGT. 
KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Duffy, £, .(St. John's, N.B.) Gamble, Co.-Q.M. Sgt. fc, 



i<lyun, \\ . (Currick on-Suu').. 



(Golder's Green, N.W.) 
Treacy, T. (Killenaule).. 



WOUNDED. 

potty, J. (Newcastle, Tip). Humphries, A. (Taunton). Norman, J. (Bedford. 

Cnilen, E. ((. a-hei). i eutmpr, J. (Mulhuddart). Traynor, i.I. T. (Dublin). 

Boyle. I'. (Dublin). McGrath, A. C. M. (Wt'ford). Walsh, P. (Mooncoin). - 

Gor.,1, hild, E. (Wateiford). Moulton, J. (Liverpool). Walsh, W (Kilkenny) 

parson, M. (Ihuiles). Murphy, L.-Sgt. F. (W't'ord). 

ROYAL INNISKILLING FUSILIERS. 
KILLED O.T DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Knox, F. W. (Wicklow). 

WOUNDED. 

Ferguson, H. (Belfast) Geirard, F. (Navan). Maguire, L.-C. P. (C Ins). 

Loley, J. (Cork). Hawkins, Sergt. F. (Perry). M'Alonen, Sgt. J. (Belfast). 

ROYAL IRISH FUSILIERS. 

KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 
Brosnan, Sgt.-Maj. P. (D'bln) Cullen, J. (Belfast). 

Beattv. R. (Killigar, Co. Carroll, E. (Manchester). 

Leitrim). Claike, J. (Newbliss) 

Burnison, J. (Lurgan). 



Fadmore, L.-Cpl B. (Saltley) 
.'^omeryule, G. (Lurgan). 



LEINSTER REGT. 

KILLED. 

Moore, C. (Dublin). 

WOUNDED. 

Tallaghan, J. (Trim). Dardas, II. (Navan). Fitzgera'.d, Cpl. II. (Glossop). 

ROYAL FIELD ARTILLERY. 
KILLED. 

Cartlidge, Gnr. R. (Hanley). 

WOUNDED. 

lames, Dvr. C. (Choulton). Pepper, Bdr. E. (Ashton- under-Lyrre). Toole, Gnr, T. (Dublin). 

LEICESTERSHIRE REGT. 

WOUNDED. 

Sannister, T. (Leicester). Scothey, 2596, W. 

RCYAL ENGINEERS. 

WOUNDED. 

Ifens, Spr. R. F. (Ballin- Moore, Spr. L. (Don- Eabon) Woolev, Spr. F. (Brownhills) 
iollig, Co. Cork). Wcstwood, Spr. T. (Walsall). . 

CONNAUGHT RANGERS. 
WOUNDED. 

Meenehan, Cpl. A. (Ballin robe). 

ARMY SERVICE CORPS. 
KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

)cblold, A. E. (Bedford). Harrison, T. (Salford). Mulvey, J. A. (W'ldstone). 

WOUNDED. 
Davies, C. F. (Manchester). 



ROYAL ARMY MEDICAL CORPS. 
WOUNDED. 

Devey, A. A. (W'hampton). Fewkes, Sgt. H. C. (N'ham). Mills, Cpl. C. (Dublin Enlt.). 

LANCERS. 

KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Blnndeil, J. (Appley B'ge). Leen, P. (Limerick). Scarlett, A. (Battersea) 

Headland. Seigt. J. D. A. Newlahd, A. (Mill wall El Shepherd, Sgt. (Bristol). 

(iMnslury). Csborne, L.-C. C. (Brighton). Walker. W. (Glasgow). 
Hughe?, b. iKingston) 

WOUNDED. 

.AH-l^, W. (Pen2am). Girfcs, 1. (Stantonbnry). King, R. (New Barnet). 

Af^in, F. (Burton-on-Trent). Gibson, Sh. Smith W. .1. Knight L.-Cpl. S. (N r cw 

"Sonser, T. B. (London, S.W J (Exeter). Bainet). 

'_i.at>man, W. E. (Leeds). Goodiifte Sgt. F. (York). Liddon, G. W. (Dublin). 

( oote, Sgt. C. (Colchester). Hawdon.P. C. W. (Loughton). Murphy. L.-Cpl P.S (Dubl n). 

De Bank. A (Eanngdon). Huxley, Cpl. H. (Woking). Peers, A. (Wigan). 

1'iUh, H. (Rotherhithe, S.E.) 

HUSSARS. 

KILLED OR D!ED OF WOU rg 

Cordwell, 24522, H. J. O'Gorman. S.H. Smith, A. C. (Hexhrid^. 

iimraney, VV. (Dublin). Smith, C. (Kilburn, N.W.) Walton, L.-Cpl. A. J. (Readin 

WOUNDED. 

Hall, L.-C. C. J. 'Windsor). Mullally, J. (Clarerooi Tail, A. Cpl P. B. (E'burgh). 

julliffe, Sgt. R. fT/derry). Pinner, Act. L.-Cpl * Tudbury, T. (Heb -on Tyne). 

;\1 LoiHitil, S. (Dublin). (Northwood, Hanley) 

YEOMANRY. 

KILLED OR DIED OF WGUM-J 

James, — (Pembroke). James, M. (Caeran). Llewellyn, G. (I'e-land). 

WOU NEE J. 

isbury, H. (Hope, Flint). Lees, E (Stockport). Regan, J. (Bootle). 

Blenkinship, A. (Cailisle). Partington, J R (Carlisle) Wil.iamsrn, |, \ pi. P. W. 

Charlton, J. G. (Carlisle). Richards, R. D. (Oswestry). (Lockeia.outh). 

Joi.es, 1. (Swansea). 

2nd KING EDWARDS HCRSL'. 

KILLED. 

Hewitt, Cpl. II (Stoke- Deron port). 

*» WOUNDED. 

BroTvv. E F. L. (M'head). Milton, Sgt. A. C. (Ken- Prevail, F. .7. (S. Norwx^d). 

D'Alroy, I. -Corporal y. fcing'ou, W.) W ood, Cpl. K. (London). 

NAVAL 1 1ST. 

KILLED. 

Cloister, Robt. F. R. A., R.N.R., 1CC7, E.A. 

WOUNDED. 

flow'* *v'ci'. Sto><r, R.N'**-, Herbert "Sckerin? Fireman, Miller, < leorge Thomas, Pte, 
86o9, £. MezouJiM Mac£» R.M.L.I., Ply., S 1125. 

SEVERELY WOUNDED. 

Sugwn, Joshua, Pte. R.M.L.I., Ply. S. 1235. 



57 



ROYAL IRISH CONSTABULARY, 



KILLED. 





Locality 


County. 


of casualty. 


Meath 


Ashbourne 


Meath 


Ashbourne 


Meath 


Ashbourne 


Meath 


Ashbourne 


Meath 


Ashbourne 


Meath 


Ashbourne 


Meath 


A«hbourne 


Meath 


Ashbourne 



Oalway (W R ) Carnmore 
Tipperary (S.R.) Lisvernane 
Tipperary (S.R.) Lisvernane 
Louth Castlebellingham 

Cork (E.R.) Coole, Lower 

Belfast Dublin City 

•Constable Millar was in Dublin 
at Portobello Barracks. He took 
Union. 









Period 






Age. 


of 


Name. 


Rank. 


Years. 


Service. 


Cray, Alexander 


County Impectcr 


57 


Y. M. 

33 5 


Smyth, Harry 


District I- t .ettor 41 


16 9 


Shanagher, John 


Sergeant 


48 


25 3 


Young, John 


Sergeant 


42 


19 S 


Hiekey, James 


Constable 


49 


25 7 


Gormley, James 


Constable 


25 


3 7 


McHale, Richard 


Constable 


22 


3 2 


Geary, James 


Constable 


28 


6 9 


Whelan, Patrick 


Constable 


34 


8 6 


Rourke, Thomas F. 


Sergeant 


42 


22 3 


Hurley, John 


Constable 


23 


3 1 


McGee, Charles 


Constable 


23 


3 5 


Rowe, William N. 


Head Constable 


49 


23 7 


*Mil!ar, Christopher 


Constable 


29 


8 3 



at the School of Instruction for non-commissioned officers 
part with the military in the attack on the South jju^.u-i 



County. 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Meath 

Dublin 

Galway (E R ) 

Oalway (W R.) 

Galwav(W R.) 

Oalway (W.R.) 

Kerry 

Kerry 

Wexford 



Locality 
of casualty. 

Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Ashbourne 
Donabate 
Oranmore 
Carnmore 
Clarenbridge 
Dublin City 
Firies 
Firies 
Enniscorthy 



WOUNDED. 



Narn^ 



Rank. 



Scully, Patrick J. 
Glennon, Francis P. 
Murtagh, Peter 
Leckey, Henry 
Johns, William E. 
Cunningham. Patrick 
Duggan, Michael J. 
Finan, Tim 
Drinan, Patrick 
McGann, Henry 
...tfurphy, John 
Kenny, Francis 
McKeon, Patrick 
Mulvihill, Martin 
Conneely Patrick 
Thorpe, Joseph G. 
Ginty, Joseph 
Hamilton, Hugh 
Manning, David' 
*Meany, Martin 
Geary, Michael 
McLoughlin, Thomas 
Grace, Patrick 



Sergeant 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Xjfcnstahle 
Instable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 
Constable 



•Constable Meany was in Dublin at the School of Instruction for N.C.O. 
Earracks. He took part with the military in the attack on the South Dublin 





Period 


Age. 


of 


Years. 


Service. 




Y. M. 


48 


30 6 


37 


15 7 


41 


20 10 


36 


13 4 


20 


1 7 


30 


8 7 


19 


1 3 


28 


1 11 


26 


3 5 


23 


1 


26 


2 7 


23 


5 4 


24 


4 6 


31 


9 4 


30 


ft 


40 


20 3 


44 


21 4 


31 


9 10 


32 


10 


26 


4 2 


23 


2 7 


23 


3 8 


26 


6 9 


's at P 


ortobeilo 


Union. 





DUBLIN METROPOLITAN 1'OLICE FORCE. 



KILLED. 



Constable James O'Brien, 168 B., who was 

on duty at the Cork Hill entrance to Upper 
Castle Yard, was shot through the head be- 
tween 11 a.m. and 12 a.m., by a volunteer 
who rode up to the gate on a bicycle. 'J he 
body was remo "ed 1 to Castle *>i(\\ :ti#A. He 
•was about 45 years of age, and hid ovei 21 
years' service. 

Constable Michael lahiff. I?" W. who rug 

on duty *• Stephen's mis*d, W*at, 'ss.s> s*vot 



bv th/> tx be!s at about 12 noon on 24th April. 
He ww \'\i\ three times before he collapsed! 
He wa* \> ovjht to the Me^th Hospital, where 
he die*)! «1 on ly after admission. He was 28 
years d is,*, nd had five years' .service. 

Const*' 1p Will-ant Frith, 174 C, was shot 
dead by i Viullet through the neau in a bed- 
room of St^re street Police Station on 27th 
April, fc^e vas 37 years of a£«, and had over 
17 years' advice. 



53 



WOUNDED. 



Constable Edward Dunphy, 35 C, wa-> taken 
prisoner by the Sinn Fein Volunteers in the 
vicinity of Sackville street on the 24th April, 
and brought into the G.P. Office. He was 
pu< out of the place on the 28th April, and 
whilst making his escape received 5- uullet in 
the back of the left hand, and peuets on the 
left cheek and forehead. The bullet was ex- 
tracted in Jervis street Hospital He was on 
sick report from the injuries for 45 days % lie 
3S 44 years of age, and has over 23 years ser- 
vice. 

Constable Thomas Donohoe. 30 D, while 
passing on duty through Christchurth place 
Ltween 12 noon and 1 p.m .,24 th April, re- 
ceived a gunshot wound on the left forearm 
He was medically treated at Bridewell 
Station, and was on sick leport from his in- 
juries for 27 rlays. He is 47 years of age, 
and has over 25 years' service. 

Constable Charles Hales, 119 D, while pass- 
in" on duty along Church street between Z 
pm and 3 p.m., 24th April, was stopped by 
rebels one of whom fired at him with a^ re- 
volver and wounded him slightly on the back 
of the left hand'. Ee was then arrested by 
rebels and brought into the Four Courts, 
where one of them dressed his hand, he was 
released shortly after, and was nothing the 
versa for his slight injury. He is o4 years 
ti age, and has 3t years' service. 
~ Constable Patrick J. Myles, 99 E, while on 
duty at Portobello Bridge on 24th April had 
nis left forearm shattered by a bullet. He 
was brought to City of Dublin Hospital, 
where he remained till 31st May. He was 
unable to resume duty till 20th September. 
He is 35 years of age, and has over 12 years' 
service. 

Station Sergt. J~bn Hughes. 6 ;i, while off 
duty in plain clothes warning to Green street 



Barracks, was stopped, searched, and arrested 
by rebels at Stephen's Green, West, between 
12 midnight and 1 a.m., 25th April, and was 
kept in Stephen's Green Park till about 9 
a.m. same date, when he was releasee, by 
Countess Markievicz. When endeavouring to 
leave the park his right forearm was shattered 
by a gunshot fired • y one of the rebels en- 
trenched there. He remained lying in the 
park for about five hours, wh-n he was dis- 
covered by Mr. Carney, Superintendent of 
Board of Works, wi •> had him removed in the 
Corporation Ambu'ance to Rlcxer's Hospital, 
He had to undergo two operations for the 
wound, an*' remained a patient until 22nd 
July, but was unable to resume duty until 
6th January, 1917. He is 48 /ears of age, 
and has over 27 years' service. 

Constate John McGrath, lf^ B, while on 
duty keeping watch from a Mndow in College 
Barrack between 1 p.m «.nd 2 p.m., 2bth 
April, in company wi h Corporal Henry 
Bushe, Military Pr'.vost Staff, was shot 
through the lower pail of ine body by a rifle 
bullet, fired from the D'Olier street direction. 
He was under treatment in St. Vincent's 
Hospital till 22nd July, and in Stillorgan t nn- 
valescent Home till 4th November. On 14th 
January, 1917. he was discharged frcm the 
force on pension as unfit for further duty 
owing tra the iniuries be had received. He 
is 32 years of age, and had over 12 years' 
service. 

Constable Cuthbert O'Connell, 4o E, whileon 
r'uty in uniform with a military search part v at 
Tritonville road, received a bullet wc -nd in 
the calf of the left leg on 2nd M»v. lie as 
brought to the Citv of Dublin Hospir-'. 
he remained till 29th May. He re«ur 
on 1st July, and is now quite well. Re „ ■ 
years of age, and has over. 13 years' service. 



" THE G.R.'s."' 

In the 1st (Dublin) Battalion Associated Volunteer Training Corps 
casualties occurred between 24th and 26th A^ril, 1916: — 



the following 



Nsrme. 
F. H Browning 
1 bos. Ilarborne 
J(,...i 11. Gitls 
Keginatd V. Ciery 
JoiLph tloaford^ 



KILLED, OR DIED OF WOUNDS. 

Hank. 
Rub -Com man dart 
Pte. (Motor Cyclist) 
Private" 

Lance Corporal 
Private 



Dependents 

Widow and one son 

Widow and four chLmen 

i/idow. 

Unmarried. 

Widow and one child. 



L. H Ford 
\V. J. Home 
It. (l-cen. 
J. Redding 
W. Scott 
George Mav 
H. A- Aaderaon 



WOUNDED. 

Scrgt. (severely) 

]'l. fom. (.-.'verely) 

P'c. (severely) 

Co S^t.-Maj. 

Priva»*i 

( orporal 

PL Com. (sli^htljr) 



Wife and children. 
Wife and two ihildrea. 
Wife. 

Wife and sii. children. 

Wife. 

Wife and fonr children. 

No dependents. 



39 



250 BODIES INTERRED AT GLASNEVIN 
CEMETERY. 

The following list gives the names of 
identified persons interred at Glasnevin 
Cemetery, and whose deaths occurred as a 
result of bullet or gunshot wounds arising out 
of the rebellion. The list includes several 
persons who were trampled to death by 
crowds in the streets. Two hundred and fifty 
bodies buried in this rametery between Easter 
and 11th July were those of persons whose 
deaths were directly attributable to the 
rising .— 

Adams, J. (38), 109 Cork street. 
Allen, Budget (16), 27 Artan quay. 
Allen, T. (50), 19£ Monck place. 
Andrews, J. (14), 8 Stephen's place, Mount st. 
Armstrong, J. H. (43), 2 Great Longtoid 

street. 
Parnbrick, Alice (44), 8 Willet place. 
Barry, Bridget (25), 44 Lower Uominick st. 
Batter, ty . (23), 14 Elliott place. 
lilayney, J. (65), 18 First ave., Seville place. 
Breniian, J. (45), 6 Great Longford street. 
Brennan, i.l. (45), 85 Capel street. 
Brii^ell, Julia (20,, 2 Grattan stieet. 
Brunswick, Mary (15), 57 Lr. Wellington st. 
Butle., R. (45), 10 Wooagate st'reet, London. 
Byrne, V.., 30 Corporation Buildings, Foley st. 
Byrne, J., 31 Lower Stephen street. 
Byrne, ,). (60), 63 Shelbourne road. 
Byrne, P. .'42), 1 O'Brien's place, Co. Duhlin. 
Caffrey, Christina (2), 27 Corporation 

Building.*. 
Caldwell, An-<* Jane (24), 43 Corporation 

Buildings. 
Casey, J. (33), S5a Townsend street. 
Cashman, J., Rosermunt, Dundrum. 
(athcart, C. (9), ?.8 Charlemont street. 
Clarke. P. (40), 6S Cork street. 
Clarke, R. (73), 61 Mespil road. 
Coade, J. J. (19), 28 Up Mount Pleasant ave. 
Coghlan, Thos., 155 North Strand. 
Cole, Mary Anne (37), 14 Up. Gloucester st. 
Condon, Julia (44), 56 Summe'iill. 
Connolly, J. (33), 108 Philipsburgh avenue. 
Connolly, Mary (23), 4 Nth. Richmond street. 
Connolly, W. (37), 27 Usher's quay. 
Connor, G. (21), 31 Strand ville avenue. 
Corbin. Mr., Jervis street Hospital. 
Corrigan, G. , North Frederick street. 
Corriszan, Mary Anne (38), 8 Engine alley, 

Moore lane. 
Cosgrave, E. ^43), 65 Lr. Dominick street. 
Costello, J. (32), 9 Wall square, 
fostollo, Jane (54), 113 Seville place. 
Costelto, Mr., Kingstown. 
Courtnev, C, 24 York street, 
lovle, H. (29), 32 I^inster avenue, 
(.rawford, Julia (20), 7 Irving Crescent. 
( reevan, J., St. Aloysius road 
Cromien, J. (23), 13 Fingal pUce.. 
runningham, Mary (62), 7 Chancery street, 
t'urley, V. (51), l6 Green street. 
j1>alv. Margaret (60), 57 Queen ivtieet. 
tearpan. T>. (58), 12 Henrietta street. 
Da-vis. Catherine (59), 6 Stratford row, 

Snmmerhill. 
.Derrick, P. (24), 22 Eustace st**et. 



Dickson, T. (31), 12 Harrington street, news- 
paper editor, shot by military in 
Portotello Barracks. 

Dignan, P. (51), 22 Lower Ormond quay. 

Dillon, R. (65), 8 Moore street. 

Donnelly, J. (44), 6 Newfoundland street. 

Donnelly, T. (52), 35 North Cumberland street. 

Donoghue, J. (19), 97 Marlborough -treat. 

Donohue, T. D. (22), 4 North Brunswick 
street. 

Doyle, D. (46), 27 Upper Liffey street. 

Doyle, J. (36), 16 Moore street. 

Doyle, J. (18), 25 Summerhill. 

Doyle, M. (16), 7 Whitefnar street. 

Doylo, S. P. (50), 27 Wellington qvy. 

Doyle, T. (50), 12 Upper Mercer street. 

Dunne, E. (39), 91 North King ftreet. 

Dunne, M. (28), 36 Wexford street. 

Dunlea, R. (35), 88 Marlborough street. 

Dunphy, J., Adelaide Hospital. 

Uwan, J. (24), 1 Lower Gardiner street. 

Ennis, E. (31), 5 Dromard ave., Sandymount. 

Ennis, G. (50), 174 North King street" 

Fahey, P. (23), 18 Usher's Island'. 

Farrell, J. (48), 20 L.ity quay. 

Farrelly, J., (35), 3 Monks' Cottages, Lower 
Sheriff street. 

Fennell, P. (33), 13 Portobello road. 

Ferris, Arthur (35), 22 Lower l^evin street. 

Fetherstone, P. (12), 1 Long iane, Dorset st. 

lMnegan, W., 48 Marlborough street. 

F'innegan, J. (40), 27 North King street. 

Foran, T. (28), 22 Patrick street. 

F'oster, J. F. (2 years 10 months), 18 Manor 
place, Dublin. 

Fox, Wm., 6 Holyeross road. 

Fraser, J., 68 Caledon road. 

Friel, P. (59), 17 St. Joseph Villas, Strand st. 

Geraghty, J. (21), 16 Middle Gardiner street. 

Geraghty, P. (39), 64 Lr. Dominick street. 

Gibney/J. (5^), 16 Henrietta nlace. 

Glaister, R. (55), Ryicote, Silloth, Cumber- 
land (naval petty officer). 

Glennon, D. (65), 99 Upper Church street. 

Glynn, M. (57), 24 C. Corporation Buildings. 

Goulding, A. (45), 18 Up. Buckingham street. 

Han atty, Elizabeth (30), 39 Moore street. 

Harris, P. (35), 23 Marlborough place. 

Hayes, M. (45), 8 Christcburch place. 

Healy, J. (14i). 188 Phibsborough road. 

Healv, J. P. (33), 143 Church street. 

Heavey, W. (32), 57 Moore street. 

Heenev, R. P. (40). 14 North Gt. George's st. 

Hoey,' P. (25), 27 No.th King street. 

Hoev, — , Rvder's Row. 

Ho^an, J. (28), 31 Upper Rutland street, 

Howard, J. B. (17), 26 Temple Cottages, 
Broadstone. 

Pio-gins, Christopher (26), 40 Jervis street. 

Hughes, M. (34), 172 North King street. 

H viand. C. H. (?9), 3 Percy p'ace. 

Ivors, P., 15 CnmL. ' id street. 

Jessop, James (12), 3 Upper Gloucester stieet. 

Johnston, — , 13 Denzille street. 

Jordan — , Poller street Hospital. 

Kavanagh, E. '->2) 30 Oxford road. Ranelagh. 

Keegan, F. f6l/j, 29 Upper Ormnnd quay. 
, Kellv, D., Jervis street Hospital. 

Kelly, L. (50). 1 Lr. Clanbrass.il str-.et. 

ieogh, M., Holies street Hcapita*. 



60 



Kncwles, H. (40), 6 East Essex street. 
Kane. Jane (40), 109 Amiens street. 
Kavanagh — (15), 4 North King street. 
Kelly, James (18), 205 Phibsborough road. 
Lahirf, M. (28), Dublin Metropolitan rolice 

Barracks, Great Brunswick street. 
Lawless, P. J. (21), 27 North King street. 
Law lor, C. (46), 6 Halston street. 
Leany, M. (62), 3 Inns quay. 
Lennon, Kate (55), 5 Up. Gloucester place. 
Lennon, Mary (64), 43 Corporation Euildings. 
Long, Samuel (44), 25 Gt. Clarence street. 
Slacken, P. (37), 13 Nassau place. 
Maguire, W. (43), 62 Marlborough street. 
Mallon, J. (29), 96 Upper Dorset street. 
Manning, P. P. (25), 4 Broadstone avenue. 
Martin, P. (42), 22 Lr. Gardiner ; ' reet. 
M'Cabe, Henrietta (44"), 34 Marlborough st. 
M'Cartney, J. (36), 1-6 Exchange street. 
McCormack, J., Baldoyle. 
MCormick, J. (40), 44 B. Corporation Build- 
ings. 
McDowell, W. (49), V3 Merchant's quay. 
McLlvery, J. (56), 15 Verschoyle place. 
M'Galey, E. (57), 4 Lower Bridge street. 
M'Kane, Bridget (16), D Henry place. 
M'Killop, M. (33), 22 Lr. Gardiner street. 
McLoughlin, R. (62), 27 John st., Blackpitts. 
M'Manus, P. (61), 12 ffoore street. 
Meagher, J. (49), 12 Langwshe place. 
Meegan, J. (53), 90 Lr. Gardiner street. 
Meron or Merna, Julia (60% 32 Gt. Charles st. 
Molcady, T., Irvine place. Fairview. 
Moore, J. (23), 15 Little IfVitain street. 
Morris, Mary (27), 31 Upr. Mount street. 
Mov, W ft., Richmond Hospital. 
Mullen, W. (9), 8 Moore place. 
Murphv, Catherine (68), 63 Railway street. 
Murphy, E. (32), 9 Upuer Pembroke street. 
Murphy, J. (60). 42 Henry street. 
Murray, D. J. (23), 35 Lr. Mountpleasant ave. 
Murray, J. (40), 28 Empress terrace. 
Neat, John, the Castle Yard. 
Nealon, P. (62), 77 bridge street. 
Neili, Wm, (16), 93 Church street. 
Nolan, Margaret (26), 6 Lr. Wellington st. 
Nunan, M. (34), 174 North King street. 
O'Callaghan, J., lveagh House. 
OTarrolI, R. (40), 49 Curie street. 
O'Connor, Ellen (50), South Union Work- 
house. 
O'Dor.oghue, J. (42), 31 Cabn,. Park. 
U'Duffv, J. (82), 54 Rutland square. 
O'Crady, E. (25), 2 Lower Sheriff street. 
O'Grady, P. (45), Daisv Market. 
O'Neill," W. (16), 33 Church street. 
O'RahiUv, M- -1 (The) (40) 14 Herbert Park. 
O'Reilly', J. (28), 12 Lowe) Gardiner ?:.cet. 
O'Reilly, T. J (21), <3 Geraldine street. 
Pentony. T. (48). 34 Nnrt i Cum herland street. 
Pierce,' G. (20), 12 Soutl Ear! street. 
Power, J. (60), 9 Buckingham place, 
i'urcell, Christina (30), 17 W<entworth place. 
0,uinn, J. (42), South " /nion Workhouse, 
th.ii ke, Elizabeth (22). U L^Tey street. 
Uedmond, C (21), 32 hairove-T stree'i, Ensi. 
Kedmond, Mary (16), » Mary's Abbey. 
Reilly, J. (51), 75 Cny*l street. 
Ilvan, F. (18), 3 Hl2h street. 
tlyan, P. (13^), 2 Sitric plac*. 



Scott, W. E. (8), 16 Irvine Crescent. 
Sheehy-Skelhngton, F. C. J. (37), jottrnalist, ' 

11 Grosvenor place, shot by military "j 

in Portobello Barracks. 
Shiels, F. (27), 45 Jervis street. 
Simpson, V. P. (23), 6 Enniskerry road. 
Smyth, Elizabeth (19), 5 Sandwith place. 
Spellman, T. (68), 62 Arbour hill. 
Stephenson, P. (50), 76 Lr. Gloucester street. 
Stillman, J. (35), 8 Leitrim place. 
Taaffe, Rosanna (41), 26 Corporation street 
Tierney, P., 123 Dorset street. 
Timmons, May, 4 Harmony row. 
Traynor, J. J. (18), 3 Shannon terrace, Kil* 

mainham. 
Trevor, P., Ryder's row. 

Veale, Margaret M. ('3), 103 Haddinstcn rd., 
Walsh, E. (43), 8 Lower Uominiuk street. 
Walsh, J. (34), 172 North King sneer. 
Walsh, J. J. (19), 14 Upper Kevin street. 
Walsh, P. (27), 43 Manor place. 
Walsh, P. (12), 10 L .kett'.s court. 
Watson, W., S wilt's row. 
Watters, Very Rev. F. J., D.D., S.M. (66), 

96 Lower Leeson street. 
Wenny, Mrs. (63), 18 Up. Buckingham street. 
West, W. (52), 16 Belvedere place. 
Whelan, C. (15), 30 Nth. Great George's st. 
Whelan, D., 122 Parnell street. 
Whelan, P. (23), 25 Pembroke Cottages. 

Ringsend. 
Whelan, Sarah (28), 16 Gt. Clarence street. 

The bodies of about twenty persona »i-m) 
identity was not clearly established were also 
interred at Clasnevin. These were brought 
from Holies street. Richmond, Jervis street, 
Mater, and Mercer's Hospitals, Trinity Col- 
lege, the Castle Yard, South Dublin Union, 
and Daisy Market. 



24 IN MOUNT JEPvOME CEMETERY. 

The following is the list of remains brought 
to Mount Jerome Cemetery for interment as 
a result of the rebellion : — 
Ballantyne, John (79), 40 Merrion square. 
Bond, Henry (33), 38 South Frederick street. 
Cowley, Tho3. K. (65), 93 Haddington road 

and Christian Union Buildings. 
Dockeray, Cecil E. (44), 4 Warwick terrace, 

Leeson Pack. 
Frith, Wm. (174 C, D.M.P.) (12), Store street 

Police Station. 
Fryday, Private Neville N. (75th Batt. Cana- 
dian Regiment) (16^), Mercer's Hospital. 
Gibbs, John EL, Vet. Lorps ((55), 58 Belgrav* 

square, Rath mi ties 
Hall, Robert C. (29*), 3 Serpentine ayenne.. ? 
Hallic' y, Wm. Jas. (23), near Herbertoa 

Bridge. 
Hayter, Charles (77), Grand Canal st. Bridge. 
Joze, ihos. M. (C3), Arran quay. 
Macnamara, John II , (12^), York street. 
McLoughlin, James (52). 

Myers, Miss Annie (54), 13 North Earl street. 
Neil, James C. (29), 16 Fitzroy avenue. 
Neil, Mary (40), Aungier street. 
Kamsav, Lieutenant Alan L. (25), Royal Irisfc 

Jiegiment. 



Rice, Wm. John (35), Glenholme, Sandford 

terrace. 
Sainsburv, George P. (T.'), 54 SCR. 
btodait, Holder) (33), Winona, Victutk Villas, 

Blackrock. 
Vantreen, Mrs. Prudence (70), 22 Werburgh 

street. 
Warbrook, Miss Eleanor (15), 7 Fumbally's 

lane. 
Wilkinson, Miss Elizabeth (60), 4 Woodstock 

Gar&ens, Ranelagh. 
Wilson, David, 5252, 3rd R.I.R., Adelaide 

Hospital. 



49 IN DEANS GRANGE CEMETERY. 

The following is the list of known persons 
who.-se deaths resulted Irom bullet or gun- 
shot wounds, and v. hose remains were in- 
terred in Dean's Grange Cemetery: — 
Blissett, Pte. J. H. , Sherwood Foresters. 
Brown, Sec. Lt. M. B , Sherwood Foresters. 
Browning, Francis Henry (h7), 17 Herbert 

Park, Dontiv brook. * 

Byrne, Pte. lid ware!', Sherwood Foresters. 
Carroll, James Jo-eph (24), the Municipal 

Buildings, Kingstown. 
Cunningham, Andrew (24), 77 Park View, 

1'iaeon House road, Dublin. _ 
Dietruhsen, Capt Frederick Ik-istian, Sher- 
wood Foresters, 5 Weston terrace, 
Nottingham. 
Doyle, John (20), 104 Rincsend road. 
Elks, Pte. J., Scots Guards. 
Ellis, 1 te A , Royal Dublin Fu^Iiers. 
I'armswoith, Pte. A , ^herwnod roiesters. 
tlvnn, John (63), Dodder View. 



Gregg, Wm. (64), 2 Simpson's lane, Irishto*vJ- 
Hickey. Christopher (16), 163 North Kin* 

street. 
Hickey, Thomas (33). 168 North King street, 
Hogan, Jeremiah (26), 9 Summerhill. 
Keelv, John (30), Ballvboden, shot in C« 

Post Office. 
Kelly, Mary (12), 128 Townsend street. 
McCarthy, John (54), Island Bridge Barracks. 
McGuinness, Margaret (50), Pembroke ccv 

tages, Ballsbridge. 
Mclhtyre, Patrick (38), newspaper editor, 21 
. Fownes street. D iblin, shot by military 

in Portobello Barracks. 
n 'Flaherty, Joseph, Northuml erland road. 
Saunders, Pte. Charles, South Staff*. Heat. 
Stewart, Bridget (11), 3 Pembroke p 1 a ■ <•. 

Ballsbridge. 
Svnnot, George (C7), T3 Haddington road 
Waters, Richard (49), "The Recess," Monk* 

town. 



The bodies of the following, whn=e q i- 
dresses are not recorded, were brought lV-jTk 
Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital for interment :— 
Joseph Byrne. Christopher Woodco-'-k 

Joseph Clarke. Annie Walsh. 

John Costello. John Lnnghlin. 

Wm Carrick. .\>avid Swords. 

Joseph Maguire. 

From St. Vincent's Hospital : — 
Joseph Shergoing. John Keynon. 

Twelve unknown persons were also 1 uried 
Trese bodies came from St. Vincent's, 13<r 
Patrick Dun's. Royal t_ity of Dublin, and tin 
Ma tor Hospitals. 



REBELS KILLED WHILE FIGHTING. 



A card issued by the Ti 
the imprint of the Gaelic Pi 
names of the following, as 
Week, 1916 " :— 

Adams, John. 
Allen, 1 hornas. 
Byrne, Andrew. 
Byrne, James. 
Byrne, Joseph. 
Burke, Frank, 
t onnolly, Sean. 
Corcoran, James. 
Coyle, Harry. 
Costello, John. 
Cromean, John. 
Crinigan. John. 
Clarke, Philip 
Carrigan. t harles. 
Darev, Charles 
Darcy, Peter. 
DoneUn, Brendan. 
Doyle, Patrick. 
Dwan, John. 
Ennis, Edward. 



ish National Aid and Volunteers' Dependents' Fund, l^-r^f 
ess. Dublin, gave, in addition to a list of those execc'^d, \h<& 
' men who were killed whilst- Ighting for neland during '£&"*2 



Farrell, Patrick. 
Fox, James. 
Geoghegan, George. 
How ard, Sean. 
Hurley, John. 
Healy, John. 
Kealy, John. 
Keogh, Gerald. 
Keily, John 
Keating, Con. 
Kent, Richard. 
Macken, Peter. 
Macken, Francis?. 
Manning, Peter. 
Murphy, Ri^hfwxd. 
Murphy. D. 
Malone, Michael. 
Murrav, D. 
Met nrma'k, J. 
M'Dowell, William. 



O'Rahillv, The. 
O'Reillv," J. 
O'Reilly, Richard 
O'Reillv, Thomas. 
O'Carroll, Richa: * 
0'~l£>^gan, Patrick. 
O'Grady, John. 
Owens, J. 
Oninn, James. 
Raffeity, Thorn at 
Rvan. Frederick. 
Reynolds, decree. 
Sheehan, Dornhnat!. 
p '.. „ ,* -■ > a t rick 
'I "av iior, Joh"i. 
W-ikh, F«t«varcL 
Walsh. Philip. 
Whelan, l-atric*. 
Weafer, Tnorr.AS. 
Wi'son, Pater. 



C2 



PUNISHMENT OF THE REBELS. 



FIFTEEN MEiN EXECUTED. 
SIR JOHN MAXWELL'S STATEMENT. 

The following announcement was issued at 
the Irish Headquarters Command on Thurs- 
day, 11th May :— 

In view of the gravity of the rebellion and 
its connection with German intrigue and pro- 
paganda, and in view of the great Ins of life 
and destruction of property resulting there- 
from, the General Officer Cbmm an diirg -in- 
Chief has found it imperative to inflict the 
most severe sentences n the known organisers 
of this detestable rising and on those Com- 
manders who took an active part in the actual 
fighting which occurred. It is hoped that 
these examples will be sufficient to act as a 
deterrent to intriguers, and to bring home to 
them that the murder of His Majesty's liege 
Bubjects, or other acts calculated to imperil 
the safety of the Realm will not be tolerated. 

THS PRIME MINISTER'S STATEMENT. 

With the execution on Friday, 12th Mav, 
of James Connolly and John McDermott, the 
last of the seven men who signed the declara- 
tion of the Irish Republic on Easter Mondav 
paid the death penalty. In the House of 
Commons the previous *ight Mr. Dillon made 
r remarkable speech, in which he demanded 
the cessation of tbp, executions, but the Prime 
Minister, while «xpressing the hope that it 
would net be necessary to carry out the full 
punishment in many other cases, said there 
were two men who would have to endure the 
extreme penalty. The following mornino- it 
was announced that Connolly and McDermott 
had been executed. 

The total number of rebels executed was 
fifteen. Ihey were: — 

P. H. Pearse. 
Thomas MacEonngh. Thos. J. Clarke. 
Joseph Plimkett. Jas. Connolly. 

Edmund Kent. John McDermott. 

The above were the seven men who signed 
Jhe declaration. The others who wore executed 
lor taking a prominent part in the rebellion 
fcere : — 



Edward Daly. 
\Vm Pearse. 
Cornelius Colbeit. 
J. J. Heuston. 



Michael O'fianrahan. 
John McBricJe. 
Michael Mallin. 



For the murder of Head Constable Rowe at 
Fermoy on 2nd May 

Thomas Kent 

;*r.£ executed' on 9th May at Cork. 



Dublin on Wednesday morning, 3rd May : — ■ 

Three signatories of the notice proclaiming 
the Irish Republic, 

P. H. Pearse, 

T. M.s*"Donagh, and 

T. J. Clarke, 

have been tried by Field General Courts- 
martial and sentenced to death. The sentence 
having been duly confirmed, the three above- 
mentioned men were shot this morning. 



FOUR SHOT CN THURSDAY, 4th KAY. 

It was officially announced on Thursday, 4th 
May, that four more rebel leaders had been 
convicted by courtmartial and sentenced to 
death. They were :— 

Joseph Plunkett. 
Edward Daly. 
Michael Hanrahan. 
William Pearse. 

The above were shot that morning, after 
confirmation of the sentences by the General 
Officer Commanding-in-Chief : — 

The following weTe convicted and sentenced 
to death, but the sentences commuted by the 
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief to 10 
years' penal servitude : — 



Thomas Be van. 
Thomas Walsh. 
Finian Lynch. 
Michael Mervyn. 
Dennis : Callag- 

han. 
P E Sweeney. 
Patrick M'Nestry. 



Peter Clancy. 
William Tobin, 
George Irvine. 
John Doherty. 
J. J. Walsh. 
James Meiir.n. 
J J. Reid 
John Williams. 



Convicted and sentenced to death, but com- 
muted to eight years' penal servitude by the 
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief: — 

John M'Garry. 

Convicted and sentenced to ten years' penal 
servitude, and sentenced confirmed by the 
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief : — 

Francis Fahy. 
Richard Davys. 



THREE SHOT ON WEDNESDAY. 3rd MAY. 

The following was officially communicated 
from the Coinm^ EoskWft&V*, J'«Jtgate, 



ONE SHOT ON FRIDAY, Glh MAY. 

The following was officially communicated 
from the Irish lleadouarters on Friday, 5th 

May :— 

Trials by court-martial of rebels proceeded 
yesterday, and 36 men were tried. Confirma- 
tion has only taken j lace in three ca=es — ■ 
namely, those of Thomas Hunter, John 
McBride, and William Cosgrave. 
. All three of these men were sentenced to 
death, but the General Officer Commanding-in- 
Chief commuted the death sentence to penal 
servitude for life in the case of Hunter and 
Ooegrave. 



63 





Photo by] 



[Kcogh Bros. Pho(o bin 



IKeoph Bros, 



WILLIAM PEARSE, executed on 4th May. 



M. O'HANRAHAN, executed on 4th May. 





Pholo by] IKeogh Bros. Photo 6j/] [Keogk Bro&„ 

EDWARD DALY, executed on 4th May. JOHN MacBRIDE, executed on 5th May. 



64 



The death sentence on John McBride was 
carried out this morning. 

The following men were tried on the 2nd 
May:— Edward" Duggan, Pierce Beasley, and 
Joseph Maguinness. 

Tr.ese men were each sentenced to three 
years' penal servitude, and the sentence was 
coafirmed by the General Officer Command- 
ing-in-Chief. 

COUNTESS MARKIEVICZ GETS LIFE 
SENTENCE ON SATURDAY, 6th MAY. 

The following results of trial by Field 
General Court martial were officially an- 
nounced on Saturday, 6th May :— 

Sentenced to death, but commuted to penal 
servitude for life by the General Officer Com- 
manding-in-Chief : — 

Constance Georgina Markievicz. 

Henry O'Hanrahan. 

Sentenced to death— commuted to ten years' 
penal servitude : — 
George Tlunkett. 
John Flunkett. 

Sentenced to death— commuted to five years' 
penal servitude : — 

Philip B. Cosgrave. 

Sentenced to death— commuted to three 
years' penal servitude : — 

W Meehan. F. Brooks. 

R. Kelly. R- Coleman. 

W Wilson. 1. Peppard. 

j C i ar k e . J. Norton. 

J. Marks. J Byrne. 

J. Breiinan. ■»■'• ° Kel 'y- 
P. Wilson. 

Sentenced to penal servitude for twenty 
years— ten years remitted :— 
James T. Hughes. 

Sentenced to penal servitude for ten years— 
duly confirmed : — 
Peter Doyle. 

Sentenced to two years' imprisonment with 
hard labour— duly confirmed ;— 
J. Wilson. 

Sentenced to two years' imprisonment with 
hard labour-one year [emitted:— 
E. Roach. 



All these four men took a very prominent 
part in the rebellion. 

Sentenced to death, commuted to eight 
years' penal servitude :— 
James O'Sullivan. 

Sentenced to death, commuted to five years' 
penal servitude : — - 

Vincent Poole. 

Will. am P. Corrigan. 

Sentenced to death, commuted to three 
years' penal servitude : — 

John Downey. John Faulkner. 

James Burke. Michael Brady. 

James Morrissy. George Levins 

Maurice Biennan. John F. Cullen. 

Gerald Doyle. J. Dorrington. 

Charles Bevan. W. O'Dea. 

John O'Brien. P. Kelly. 

Patrick Fogarty. James Dempsey. 

Sentenced to ten years' penal servitude, 
seven years remitted : — 
Michael Scully. 

Sentenced to two years' imprisonment, with 
hard labour, one year remitted: — 

J. Crenigan. William Derrington. 

Acquitted and released : — 

John R. Reynolds. Joseph Callaghai. 



FOUR SHOT ON MONDAY, 8th MAY. 

'1 he follov ins; ofTicial communication was 
i= = ued on Monday, fct h May, at the Head- 
quarters of the lush Command : — 

The followina are fir flier results of trials 
lv 1'ield Oeneral ( onrt maitial :— 

Sentenced to death, and sentence carried out 
this morning : — 

Cornelius Colbert. Michael Mallin. 
Edmund Kent. J. J. Heuston. 



EXECUTION FOR MURDER CN 9th CiAY. 

The following official communication was 
published on Tuesday, 9th May, at the Head- 
quarters. Queenstown : — 

The following results of Field General Court- 
martial are announced : — 

Thomas Kent, of Coole, near Fermoy, was 
sentenced to death, and the sentence duly con- 
firmed by the Genera! Officer Commanding; in- 
Chief in Deland. The sentence was carried 
cut this morning. 

William Kent, of Coole, near Fermoy, was 
acquitted. 

TWO LIFE SENTENCES ON 11th MAY. 

The following results of trials by Field 
General Couitmartial were announced at the 
Headquait,eis, Irish Command, Dublin, en 
Thursday, 11th May :— 

Sentenced to death, and sentence commuted 
to penal servitude by the General Officer 
Commanding-in-Chief : — 

Edward.de Vaiera, penal servitude for life. 

John McArdle, three yeais. 

C. O' Donovan, five \ears. 

John Shouldice, live >eat?. 

'1 nomas Ashe, penal s.vvitude for life. 

l'rank Lawless, ten years. 

James Lawless, ten years. 

Sentenced to penal servitude and confirmed 




Ph °l° M ^Keogh Bros. 

CORNELIUS COLBERT, executed on 8th May. 



Photo by] [Keogh Bros. 

J. J. HEUSTON, executed on 8th May. 




Fholo by] [Lafayette. 

COUNTEC3 MARKIEVICZ. sentenced to penal 

servitude tor life. 



Photo by~\ [Keogh Lros. 

HENRY O'HANRAHAN. brother of M. O'HaO- 

rahan, sentenced to penal servitude tor life. 



£5 



bv the General Officer Commanding in- 
Chief :— 

Richard Hayes, twenty years. 

tinnvy James Boland, ten ^ears (five years 
remitted). 

G«rald Crofts, ten years (five years re- 
mitted). 

Frank Drennan, twenty years (ten years re- 
routed). 

Sentenced to imprisonment with hard 
labour : — 
Charles O'Neill, one year. 

The trials for the murder of Head Constable 
Rowe took place at Cork on the 4th May with 
the following results: — 

Wm. Kent, acquitted. 

Thomas Kent, found guilty and sentenced 
to death. 

The finding and sentence were confirmed 
by the G O.C in Chief, and the execution 
took place on the 9th inst. 



TWO SHOT ON FRIDAY. 12th IV. AY. 

The following communique was issued on 
Friday, 12th May, from the Headquarters, 
Irish Command, Parkgate, Dublin : 

The trial of two prominent leaders in the 
rebellion, whose names appeared in the pro- 
clamation issued by the so-called "Provi- 
sional Government " — namely : 
James Connolly and 
John McDermott, 
took place on the 9th May. 

Sentence of death was awarded in each 
case. These sentences were con filmed by the 
General Officer Commanding -in Chief on the 
9th May. and they were carried out this 
morning (May 12th). 



COUNTRYMEN SENTENCED ON MONDAY, 15th. 

The following results of the trials 
bv Held General t ourtsmurtial were an- 
nounced on .Monday, 15th May: — 

Sentenced to death, and sentence commuted 
to penal servitude, by the General Officer 
Comrnandng in-Chief, as shown : — 
Kryan Yolloy, Gal way — Ten years. 
Michael de Lacy, Fmiscorthv— hive years. 
John \{ b'tchiniiham, tenmscortOy — five years 
Robert Brennan, hnnwcoithy — hive years. 
James Kilter, fcnmsr otlhy — hivn years. 
Kicturd K. King, binnisforthy — Five vears. 
James Doyle, fcnniarortby — rive years. 

Sentenced to penal servitude, and sentence 
confirmed, by the General Officei Command- 
ing in Chief : — 

Jamc' Joyce, Purlin — Penal servitude for 
nle, commuted to five years penal servi- 
tude 
Fergus O'Connor, Dublin— '1 en years (seven 
jeat* remitted). 



Philip Joseph MacMahon, Dundalk — Five 
years (two yeais remitted). 

Michael Reynolds, Dundalk — Five years (two 
years remitted). 

John Quinn, Dundalk — Three years. 

Sentenced to imprisonment with hard 

labour, and confirmed by the' General Olrieer 

Commanding-in-Chief : — 

Michael Grady, Athenry — One year. 

tharle« White, Athenry — One year. 

John Harnfiy,. Athenry — One year. 

Martin Rartsberrv, Athenry — One year. 

Michael Higgins, Athenry — One year. 

John Grady, Atbenrv— One _, eai 

James Murray, Athenry — One year. 

! nomas Barrett, Athenry — One year. 

Patrick Kennedy, Athenry — One year. 

Thomas Kennedy, Athenry — One year. 

Murtagh Fahy, Athenry — One year. 

Michael Donnhue. Athenry— Ur.e year. 

Patrick Weafer, Maynooth — Two years (eigh- 
teen months remitted). 

John Greaves, Maynooth — Two years (eigh- 
teen months remitted). 

Toseph Leclwich, Maynooth — Two years (eigh- 
teen months remitted'). 
\cqmtted : — 

Joi/n Kennedy, Athenry. 



FRIDAY. MAY 1Sth. 

The tt^knving results of trials by FielA 
General Co:irtmartial were issued on Friday, 
13th May, at Richmond Barracks, Dublin : — 

Conor McGinley, Dublin— Ten years' penal 
servitude (seven yean remitted). 

John Carrick, Oran.nore — Five years' penal 
servitude (two years remitted). 

Michael Hehir, Oranmore — rive years' penal 
servitude (two vears remitted). 

Christopher Carrick, Ora v More — Fiveyears' 
penal servitude (two years t omitted). 

William Corcoran, Oranmor* ^— Five years' 
penal servitude (two years rerouted). 

Patrick Fury. Oranmore — Five} ears' penal 
servitude (two years remitted). 

Fcldy Corcoran, Oranmore — Five years' oenal 
servitude (two years remitted). 

Thomas Fury, Oranmore — Five years' p&JsH 
servitude (two years remitted). 

Michael Higgins, Oranmore — Five yearr 
penal servitude (two years remitted). 

Patrick Flanagan, Oranmore — Five ye^«# 
penal servitude (two years remitted). 

James Loughlin, Oranmore — Five years' 
penal servitude (two years' remitted). 

Michael Toole, Oranmore — Five years' penal 
servitude (two years remitted). 

Joseph Burke, Oranmore — Five years' penal 
servitude (two years remitted). 

Joseph Howley, Oranmore — Fiveyears' penal 
servitude (two years remitted). 

Another Thomas Fury, known as Fred, 
Oranmore — Five years' penal servitude (two 
years remitted). 

Timothy Brosnan, Kerry — Twenty year*' 
penal servitude (fifteen years remitted). 

James Kennedy, Kerry — Acquitted. 

Michael Duhig, Kerry — Asquitted. 

John Brosnan, Kerry— Acquitted. 



67 




Photo &y] LKeoah Bros. 

THOMAS ASHE, sentenced to penal se^vitude^cr "WARD ™ *"?*?*• JS'lS™'' *° Pe " a ' "^ 

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/>.W.. fc« I [lMh,,jnlle. 

TH€ O'R* WiU'- V shot risac! vnh'ti t-siHing JOHN MatNESLL. sentenced to penal servtuds 
in Hurry plait;. o^iiOb ■ i«- G.P.O. tor Ilia. 



Abel Mahony, Kerry — Acquitted. 

Michael McKenna, Kerry— Acquitt-ec 1 

Daniel O'Shea, Kerry — Acquitted. 

Colan 0"Geary, Mayo — Fifteen years' peilal 
servitude (five years remitted). 

John Tomkins, Wexford— Twenty years' 
penal servitude (ten years remitted). 

MONDAY. 22nd MAY. 

The following further results of trials by 
Field General Court martial were announced 
on Monday 22nd May : — 

benteneed to death, sentence confirmed by 
the General Officer CommanJing-in-Lhief, but 
commuted to penal servitude as stated : — 

Jeremiah C. Lynch (Dublin), 10 years' penal 
servitude 

Peter Gallighan (Wexford), 5 years' penal 
eervitu.de. 

Sentenced to penal servitude and con'Vmed 
by the General Officer Commanding-in- 
Lnief :— 

Patrick Fahy (Galway), penal servitude for 
life. Commuted to 10 years' penal servitude. 

Thomas Desmond Fitzgerald (Dullin), 20 
years' penal servitude (10 years remitted). 

William Partridge (Dublin), 15 years' penal 
servitude (5 years remitted). 

Michael Fleming, senior (Galway), 5 years' 
peial servitude (2 years remitted). 

John Corcoran (Galway), 5 years' penal ser- 
vitude (2 years remitted). 

William Hussey (Galway), 5 years' penal 
servitude (2 years remitted). 

Sentenced ' to imprisonment with hard 
labour and sentence confirmed by the General 
Officer Commanding-in-Chief : — 

Michael Fleming, junior (Galway), one year. 

JOHN MacNEILL GETS LIFE SENTENCE. 

The trial of Mr. John MacNeill, the former 
President of the Irish Volunteers, by court- 
martial commenced on Monday, 22nd May, 1916, 
at Richmond Barracks, Dublin. The Court con- 
sisted of thirteen officers, of whom the presi- 
dent was Colonel (temporary Brigadier- 
General) C. G. Blackader, D.S.O., A.D.C., 
Commanding the 177th Brigade. The case 
for the prosecution was presented by Lieu- 
tenant W. C. Wylie, K.C., of the Officers' 
Training Corps, Territorial Force. Mr. 
James Chambers, K_x\ and Mr. Arthur Clery 
(instructed by Messrs,. Gerald Byrne and 
Co.) appeared for the defence of Mr. Mac- 
Neill. No newspaper reporters were admitted 
to the Couit ; but a full note of the evidence 
was taken by a staff of police shorthand 
writers. The proceedings occupied three days. 

The official report supplied from the Mili- 
tary Headquarters in Dublin on Tuesday, 3'Jth 
May, w;is as follows — 

The following result of the trial by General 
Courtmartial is announced : — 
"John MacNeill convicted and sentenced to 
penal servitude for life. Sentence con- 
firmed by the General Officer Command- 
ing- in-Chief. 

Subsequently MacNeill was removed with 
Other jtfiatmtrs to Dartmoor Convict Prison. 



'•" •,»,» /"!tp:iui, Yr T^j TrierS"" of Commons 
'*«• a later date, informed Mr. Ginnell hat 
twelve charges were made against Professor 
MacNeill, and he was found guilty of ail of 
them. Eight were charges of attempting to 
cause disaffection among the civil population 
in Ireland, and four were of acting in a way 
likely to prejudice recruiting. 



CONDEMNED REBEL'S MARRIAGE IN PRISON. 

Among the men who signeu the proclama- 
tion of an Irish Republic was Joseph 
Plunkett. He was tried by courtmartial, 
sentenced to death, and snot on Thursday, 4th 
May. The pevious evening about five 
o'clock a young lady drove up to a 
jeweller's shop in Grafton street. The! 
jeweller had put his stock away tor 
the night, and was about to shut the 
shop. I he lady asked for a wedding rin^ of 
any kind. She was to be married to Joseph 
Plunkett, who was to be shot next morning. 
Permission had been granted for tiie 
marriage. The jewe'ler went over his stock, 
and gave the lady a ring, and she went 
away. In the Irish Tunes of Friday, 5th 
May. there appeared the following marriage 
notice :— 

TLUNKETT and (TTFFOT?T)-l\rny 3. 1916. at 
Dublin, Joseph Plunkett to Grare G.; r iord. 

It is understood that the marriage °-ere- : 
mony took place a short time before thS 
execution. A sister of i.ie lady who was 
married und^r qnch tragic circumstances, wasj 
the wife of Thomas Macdonagh, who was also 
executed. 



THE TELEPHONE EXCHANGE. 

One of the most remarkable and provi- 
dential facts in the rebellion was the way in 
which the Dublin Telephone Exchange kept at 
work meeting military needs. The story is con- 
icerned largely with the devotion of women to 
their duty, continued in spite of nerve-wracking 
conditions, which reduced them at times to 
tears. Only just before the rebels entered 
the General Post Office the military in Dub- 
lin got a telephone call through to the 
Curragh, and the girl operator at the Post' 
Office left the connection intact when she 
wa3 ordered out of the building, realising 
fully the gravity of the occasion. Later ) 
on communication was established with* 
the Curragh, Maryborough, and Bel-j 
fast by linesmen, who connected the trunk 
wires, at points such as Lucan, with the Ex- 
change by minor circuits, the regular trunk • 
lines to the General Post Office having been 
cut. For the first two days groups of 
girl operators relieved each other, returning 
to their work in trepidation, but impelled to 
make their perilous journeys by a sense of 
the duties devolving upon them. By vVed- 
nesday morning conditions had become too 
bad for them to return home, and they had 
to settle down in their fortress for the rest 
of the week, their only communication with 
the outside world being the slender wires. 



59 



PRISONERS DEPORTED AND 
RELEASED. 



OFFICIAL LISTS. 

Over three thousand' persons were 
arrested in connection with the outbreak 
and detained for various periods at various 
places. The majority were transported to 
prisons across the Channel, and considerable 
numbers were released and allowed to return 
to Ireland after a short period of detention. 
An Advisory Committee was appointed by 
the Government, and began its sittings late 
in June. The Committee, which consisted of 
Mr Justice Sankey, Mr. Justice Pim, Mr. 
Justice Younser, Colonel Lockwood, JV1 P. ; 
Mr. J. Mooney, M.P. ; Mr. McLean, MP., 
and Mr. Baldwin, held numerous sittings, at 
which prisoners were allowed to state their 
ci»e, and on Wednesday, 12th July, Mr. 
Herbert Samuel (Home Secretary) announced' 
in the House of Commons that the Committee 
had arrived at the opinion that a large number 
of men who took part in the rebellion were 
successfully kept in ignorance by their leaders, 
and thought they were being called up for a 
route march on Easter Monday. On lhursday, 
i..v.li July, Mr. Samuel intonated that the 
oases of 1,200 or 1,300 prisoners had been con- 
suie. >.d, and 860 men and two women recom- 
mended for release. 

RELEASE OF INTERNED MEN. 

From then onwards a constant agitation wis 
maintained by the leaders of the Irish Na- 
tionalist Party in Parliament and elsewhere 
for the release of the interned men. When 
Mr. Lloyd George made his first appearance 
as Prime Minister in the House of Commons 
on Tuesday, 19th December, Mr. John Red- 
mond appealed to him " as a Christmas gift 
to the Irish people " to release the 500 or 600 
prisoners then in confinement. On Thursday, 
21st, Mr. Duke, the Chief Secretary, inti- 
mated that the Government had agreed to the 
release of the men. 

The prisoners at Fron^och Camp were, re- 
leased at 6 p.m. on Friday, 22nd Dejfciber. 
One hundred and thirty of them landed at 
Kinusto.vn by the mail packet from Holyhead 
on Saturday morning. Sixty-three of these 
travelled by the mail train which enabled 
them to proceed by the Great .^uthern and 
Western Railway to the South, and ly the 
Midland Great Western to the West, nf Ire- 
land. A train arriving in Westland Row at 
7.40 landed sixtv-seven of the liberated men 
in the city. They carried their personal 
belongings in small bags oji their shoulders. 
'J be men formpd into line and marched along 
,}»«~at Rrnnewirk street into Sackville street. 
Many of them proceeded to the Broadstone 
station, and took train for the West. There 
was nothing in the shape of a demonstration 
of welcome, and everything passed off quietly. 



Forty of the released prisoners arrived at 
the North Wall on Saturday morning at 6.30 
by one of the London and North Western Go's 
cargo boats. There were also aboard a large 
number of soldier? and munition workers com- 
ing home for the holidays. As they were 
recognised by their friends they were cordially 
greeted, but nothing in the nature of a de- 
monstration occurred, and there was a small 
force of police present. The prisoners, most 
of them wearing "Sinn Fein" badges, marched 
along the quays in military formation, ac- 
companied by their friends. Their progress 
went almost unnoticed as onlv a few persons 
were about in the vicinity o* O'Connell Bridge. 
They quietly dispensed into groups, and made 
their way homewards. When questioned as 
to their treatment at Frotigoch thev stated 
that they had ho complaints to make, and 
were thoroughly satisfied in that regard. 

On Sunday (Christ mp.? Eve) some 130 re- 
leased prisoners arrived at Westland Row 
by the 7.40 a.m. train from Kingstown, having 
come across by the mail steamer from Holy- 
head. Upwards of 300 men from Frongoch 
Camp came by steamer to the North Wall On 
Christmas mornine twentv-eight of the re- 
leased men arrived at Carlisle Pier from Holy- 
head, of whom eight proceeded to their 
destinations in Belfast and the North by 
through trains, and twenty travelled to West- 
land Row. 

The latest official figures regarding the num- 
ber of men arrested were those issued from the 
Military Headquarters, Dublin, on 11th July, 
1916, as follows : — 

Total number of prisoners who passed 
through Richmond Barracks : — 

Men 3,149 Women 77 3,226 

Men released 1,104 

Convicted by Courtmartial 160 

Acquitted by Courtmartial k3 

Men interned 1,852 

Women released 72, interned 5 ... 77 

3,226 
NAMES OP DEPORTED PRISONERS. 

The following are the names of the per- 
sons who were deported, so far as they iia.e 
been published by the military. These lists 
we.e all officially issued to the I'ress io.* 
publication by the military authorities ^n 
the dates mentioned : — 

200 TO KNUTSFORD CM 1st MAY. 

The following ii=t of two hundred prisoners 
who were removed from Richmond Barracks, 
Dublin, on April 30th, and lodged in Kmits- 
ford Detention Barracks, England, on May 
1st, was issued on Wednesday, 13th May :— 

Alexander. N., 34 Newbridge sf.— Weaver. 
ilcffley T)., 16 Whit worth road — Carman. 
Besley, -T., 3d7 N.C.R.— Shorthand-typist. 
Pormimrb^m. J., St. Ignatius rona— Body maker. 
Berry, W., 51 Sheriff st.— Shop asst. 



73 



Billings, J., Baymount avenue — Upholsterer. 

Blanc hficld, M., Carnew t?t. — Boot cutter. 

Bradley, P., 15 St. Mary's terrace. Kells— Labourer. 

Brophy, D., Lusk, Co. JMiblin— Labourer. 

Buckingham, J., 24 St. Ignatius road— Tailor. 

Burke, B., New Brook. Rathi'arnham— Lnlxiuiar. 

Burns, J., 47 St. Paul's fit.— Goods checker. 

Byrne, C, 24 Manor place— Chauffeur. 

Byrne, J., 44 Lr. Mayor fit.. N. Wall— Library Asst. 

B.yrne, J., 190 Nth Portland road— Flecttician. 

Byrne, P., St Mary's Abbey— Shop Asst. 

Byrne, T., 94 Cape] st — Baker. - 

Byrne, T., &0 Summcrhill -Porter. 

Caffrey, M., Lr. Ralbl'amhani, Co. Dublin— Van 

driver. 
Callan, J., 15 Clonliffe avenue — Motor driver. 
Campbell G.. 18 Hardwicke fit —Law clerk. 
Canny, 70 North Strand road— Grocer. 
Carmichael, B-. Farkrield, Kimmage — Carpenter. 
Carpenter, P., 110 Foley street— Labourer 
Carraty. T., 2 Group's Hill — Carpenter. 
Carroll, P., Collinstown, Lu^k— Farmer. 
Cassells, .1 , Lr. Mayor st.. N. Wail— Clerk. 
Cathan, J., 39 Nth. Cumberland St.— Labourer. 
Charlton. M.. 27 Portland place — Compositor. 
Clarke. J.. 31 Bachelor's Walk— Shop Asst. 
Coleman, P., Larigan, Cariskaboy, Co. Cavan— 

Labourer. 
Condron, L.. 4 Rlackhall Parade— Farrier 
Conroy, II., 4 Marino avenue, Clonlarf— Vanman. 
Conway, J., 8 Moore Cottages, Rut, and St.— Oriice 

boy. 
Courtney, D., 43 Bessborough avenue, North 

Si rand— La bonier. 
Cox, R.. 22 Wiley road, Wallowfield, Manchester- 
Grocer's Asst. 
Craven, T., 20 N. Frederick st.— Wax bleacher. 
Croke. T., 4 College View. Dnimcondra — I'orter. 
Daniel, II.. 6 Lower Daniel st. — Vice-maker 

Deceeur, E„ 29 Charlotte 

Delaney, IL, 26 Harold's 
Doherty, J., 7 Bailybough 
Donnelly, C, 10 Will brook 

Grocer's Asst. 
Donnelly, M., 113 Stephen's Green 
Donohne, W., Kiilalong, Clonmore, 
Grocer. 

Doyle, E., 13 BiondMono avenue. 

Doyle, .)., 13 Granville st. — Actor 

Doyle. T., Asbleaf House, Crumlin 
Farmer. 

Dreeland, W.. 53 Bridgefoot st —Boilermaker 
Duffy; P., 34 Commons st.. N. Wall— Bookbinder. 

Dunn, A., 179 Gt. Brunswick St.— Labourer 

Kllis. •!., 19 Blessington st. -Cabinet ma"ker. 

Hliis, S. 19 Blessingtun st.— Wood worker. 

F.irren. S., 2 Close Hank, Henry si. — Paper rnler 

Flanagan J . 40 Relverler" road— Ihsura-ncp airent, 

Fogarty, T., 79 Fit/.roy avenue, Hrumcondra— Taiior 

Folcv, N.. 26 TallMit tt.. Dublin— Grocer's Ass>t. 

Foran J.. 68 Foley st.— Carter 

Foy, M„ 21 Little Den-nark street— Labourer. 

Frawlev. [).. lojj f-owpr King st — Plumber. 

Friel. I?. l.arkfipld, Kimma<rp— Pljimber 
Gannon, H., Main st., Rathfarnham— Painter, 

Gaynor, A , 9 Aughrim Villas— Student.. 

Gleeson, W , 50 l.r Hominick st. -Labourer. 

Good. J., 44 Fccles streel- Electrician. 

Jlalpin, P., 24 Lower Siimmerh.il!— Attendant. 

Harnett. -L, 37 Mulrow Cot I litres— Fireman. 

Healv R-. 93 Parnell st.— Grocpr's Asst. 

Ilegarty. J., 31 St. Peter's road-Clerk. 

Hick v. R . Han, Id's Cross— Cabinet maker. 

Ilolohan. IL, 77 Amiens street— Clerk. 

Ilouehton. G.. 33 Sjtric road— Plumber. 

liowictt. *I., 8 Granville pL— Labourer. 

Ilnghes, P.. 30 Little Denmark St.— Caretaker. 

Hunter .)., ?2 STkvilk' a venue— Joiner. 

Humphreys, R., 108 .Seville place, North Strand- 
Clerk. 

II viand, T., U Lr. Bridge st.— Range fitter. 

Hynes, J., 4 Queen st reef— Bru-hniaker 

Ja'ckman, N-. Kinmorgam, Co. Wexford -Gardener. 

Felly, i-, ( ommuns VV est — Labourer. 

Kenny, J., Mountain View, Terenure Grocer's Asst. 

Kavanagh, J., Lower Gardiner st.— Cabinet-maker. 

Kavanncrh, P., 28 Upper Gloucester gt.— Painter. 

Kelly, i ; ., 152 Parnell streel Chemist's assistant. 

Kelly, .v., 3 Back lane Labourer. 

Kelly, \V., 8 Bishop street— Labourer. 



VV: — Labourer. 
Cross — Labourer, 
road — Labourer, 
terrace, Ratlifarnham— 



W —Labourer, 
llackeiustown— 



Co. Dublin — 



Kenncaly, J., 7 lr. Jervis street — Locksmith. 
Kennedy. J., 118 Upper t liurcli street— FiJ; r. 
Kenny, A., 85 Blessington st.— Grocer's Asst. 

Kenny, IL, 1^0 Mailbordujrh St.— I'aimei . 

Keogh, C, 25 Elmgrove, Ranelasrh — leinr 

Keogh E., 2 RHimond Parodo— Ho'e bo er 

Keogh, J., 24 Park street. Inehieore— Labourer. 

Lafferty, J., Burghs, Magitlignn. Derr.v — Labourer. 

Lawler, L.. Ardrigh road — Carpenter. 

Lawless, 15., Swo-dfi— Farmer 

Lee, J., Rathfarnhnm— Labourer. 

Lee, T., 14 Lr, Ruckipgh'm st.— Riveter. 

MacGuire, T., 3 Nugent's lane, Broadslune— Loco 
fireman. 

M'Aulliff?, G., 77 Parnell st. (Co Limerick)- Clerk 

M'Cormack, B., 1 Elm Grove — Prov. am 

M'Cormack, R , 62 North King St.- Labourer-* 

M'Dermott, It., 28 iiareou:t st. — Canvasser. 

M' Donald. W.. 13 Up. Oriel s1 _(',,.trh-bm\Cr 

M'Giil. J., 34 Killeen road: Rathmines— Draper. 

M'GinW, W., 2 Filzgibbon st.— I a'oonrer. 

M'Grath; P B., 55 Rcltrave snuare— Shop Asst. 

M'Orath. T., 13 Granville st.. Mo'int ioy— V-mman 

M'Laughliri .].. 4 North st— Mattress maker. 

M'Manus, P.. 23 No-t'n Frederick St.— Farmer. 

McNallv. F., 10 Sullivan avc., Ball.vbough road- 
Labourer. 

M'Nnllv, J., Lusk. Co. Dublin-Labourer. 

M'Nam'ara, J., 74 Parnell st — Grocer 

M'Namara. P., 12 Smith Richmond st.— Shop Asst. 

M'Neiv<\ W., 58 Parnell st.— Shop Asst. 

M'Ouade, T.. Mount Temple road — Plumber 

Mnhon. P.. 23 Gt. Nicholas st . Wexford— Lalwurcr. 

Maloney, J., Norseman place — Fireman. 

Monahan J., % Henrietta street— Fireman. 

Moonev J., 130 Cloth strert- Draper. 

Mnoiiey, P.. 15 Fleet st.— Shunter. 

M-or n P . 5 WcpTwo'lh piece— Slater. 

Morkan, M., t Fills inay-Clerk. 

Mnlkearns, J., 21 Royal Canal Bank — Torn lirermn 

Mulligan A.. 7 Wilfred place, off Summer Hill- 
La bcrnrer. 

Mulvev, D., Fountain ave., Rafhrarnhnm— Sinner's 
Agt. 

Mulvev, W., Fountain ave., Rathfarnham— Cach 
Desk 

Murphy F,., 33 Sullivan st.. Wexford— Porter. 

Murphy. F., Brimbane, Curry, Co. Sligo— School 
teacher. 

THnrnhv M . 46 M°nor st —Sinn A?.-f 

Murphy, Win., 18 Botanic avenue— Groom. 

Nptv- D "0 T/'ilo Mary st-eet — Clerk. 

Neilan, A., 4 Mt. Herald tor., Harold's Cross— Clerk. 

Nelson', P.. 40 Gardiner's lane. Mountjoy square- 
Labourer. 

Neville. P.. 15 Lower Marlhorooch st. — Printer. 

Nicholls. II.. 1 Church ave., Rathmines— Engineer. 

Nolan P.. 8 Rutland Cottages— Carnenier 

Nolan, 8 Rutland Cottages — Fbrl rical -filter. 

Norton. .1 41 Parnell «inare— Shon Asst. 

Nugent, P.. 8 Charleviilc ave., N. Strand— Lnlniurcr 

O'Brien -I-. 487 NCR., Dublin— Appientice. 

O'Rrjon, Ml., .29 Cuild st.. North Wall— Artist. 

O'Brien, W.. 1 Beebim terrace— Compositor. 

O'Brien! — . 385 North Circular road— Clerk. 

O'Brien, 2 Ti\"'i ave.— Checker. 

O'Cnhill. J., 22 Merchant's quay — Coopt. 

O'Colbi'jhan, P.. 3 I'n Fnwnes St.— Apprentice. 

O'Cnrroll, J.. 24 Mount Temple road-Clerk. 

O'Carroll, P., 92 Manor streel — Poulterer. 

O'Carroll, W.. 92 Manor street— Clerk. 

O'Connor. P., 3 Tivoli terrace, Harold's Cross- 
Librarian. 

O'Donohue, T.. 4 Middle Mount.iov st.— Electrician. 

O'Neill .1.. 102 Lindsay road— Upholsterer. 

O'Neill' P.. 183 Tovvnsend street— Compositor. 

O'Neill", W., 12 Upper Mayor street— Carter. 

O'Reilly, L., 1 Ausrhrim St.— Grocer. 

O'Reilly, H., 3 O'Connell Villa, Foster terrace— 
In'suranco inspector. 

O'Reilly. S. P., 181 Nth. Circular road— Engineer. 

o'Kvan, O., Maynooth College— Waiter. 

o'Sbea, J., 28 Coomlie— Labourer. 

O'Shea. M.. Kinmay road — Labourer. 

G'Shea, R-, 37 Up. Gardiner st.— School Attendant. 

Power VV.. 28 North Frederick st. — Plumber. 

Prcndergast, J., 11 Stafford street— Packer. 

Pureed, C., 35 St. James' avenue, off Clonliffe 
road— Baker. 

Itcdmoiid, J., 16 Lower Oriel 6t.— Clerk. 



71 



JtPKin, M., Ring, Dtmsrarvan— Grocer's Asst. 
Ut'iti. J., 41 St. Mary's Tec., liailybough rd. -Porter. 
Keiliv. :\;., 22 Ailesbiir.v road — Chauffeur 
Kpdiv. I'.. 5 Charlcviilo road, N Strand— Porter. 
Ridgway. A., 163 Painell st.— Hairdresser. 
Nubbins. F... ?9 Nortl) William st -Driller. 
Uoearter, ()., 2 Sall,v|iark Collage, Fairview— Painter 
Roche, M.. 31 B'irhe'ior's Waiis — Snoti assistant 
llooney, J., 36 Fairview Strand, Clontarf— ^Coaab.- 

l.nilder. 

Pussell, J., 68 North Strand road — Carpenter. 

Ryan, W,, 70 Noilli Strand road— Groeer. 

Saurir. C, The Ciittasre. Vernon avenue, Clontarf — 
Ciprk. 

Savage M., 21 Bachelor's Walk and Streamstown, 
Ballysodare, Sl/go— Barman. 

Fexton J.. 11 Upoer Gloucester olacc — Labourer. 

Shannon, M., 12 Coornbe— Labourer. 

StipiUls, A., 3 Seafipld road— Actor. 

Sh<<ninrd, VI., 19 St Mil tinel's rd.. C/asnevin — Clerk. 

Sheridan, J., 16 Mountain View avenue, Harold's 
Cnws road — PaintT 

Simpson. T.. Upton Cottage, Goose Green. Drum- 
condra— Painter. 

Stenliehson. P., Lower Gtoncester st..— Labourer. 

Styncs, J., 25 Mary's avenue— Grocer's Asst. 

Sweeney, J. 3 2 Lr Dominiek st. ^-Cabinet maker. 

Tallon," C, 2 Granville, North Richmond street- 
Night watchman. 

Toonacy, J., 10 Clou more terrace — Flectrician. 

Toomey T.. 30 Clonliffe avenue — Fitter. 

Traynor, C, 55 Jones' road— Printer. 

Treil P., 178 Nth. King st.— Draper's assistant. 

Take, E.. 83 Queen st.— Labourer. 

Tally. 2 Nugent Cottages, Monck place — Cabinet 
maker. 

Ward. G., 44 TTome Farm road— Pelt-maker. 

Warham. T., 154 Thomas st. — Shirt cutter. 

Whelan, M., 31 Bnllybough road— Carpenter. 

Whitley, T., 251 Richmond road, Drumcondra— 
I, aw clerk. 

Vdliams, P., 6 Coombe— Labourer. 



239 TO STAFFORD ON 1st MAY. 

The following list of 289 prisoners who 
were removed from Richmond Barracks, 
Dublin, on the 30th April, and lodged in 
Stafford Detention Barracks on the 1st Miy, 
was issued on Thursday, 11th May : — 

Agnew, A., 11 Emerald st., Dublin; home address, 

53 Clare st., Liverpool. 
Pauley, T., 16 Whit worth row, Seville plare. 
Lird. J., 4 RuDand Cottages. Dublin. 
Poland. P., 8 Viking road. Arbour Hill, Dublin. 
Polger, J., Black water, Co Wexford. 
Rrennan, E., 19 Ardrigh rd., Arbour Hill, Dublin. 
Preslin, J., 50 New street, Dublin. 
Preslin, T, 49 New street, Dublin. 
Breslin, P., 50 New street. Dublin. 
Bridgrman, E., 19 Richmond Hill, Rathminea. 

Dublin. 
Brougham, J. (?), 10 St. Lawrpnce street, Dublin. 
Bryan. T, 31 Guild street, Dublin. 
Byrne. A., 42 Arran quay, Dublin. 
Byrne, C, 3 Camden place, Dublin. 
Byrne, C, 45 St. Mary's rd.. Church rd., Dublin. 
Burke, E.. 63 Meath street, Dublin. 
Barke, F., Hermitage, Rathfarnham, Dublin. 
Byrne, J., 28 Malachi road, NCR., Dublin. 
Byrne, J., 6 Whitworth place, Dublin. 
Byrne, J., 3 Erin place, Lower, Dublin. 
Byrne, J., 45 St. Mary's road, Dublin (Chnrch rdj. 
Byrne, L., 42 Arran quay, Dublin. 
Cassidy, T., 22 Bolton street. Dublin. 
.ChaDey, W., 5 Northcourt av., Church rd., Dublin. 
Coates, P., 12 Upper Oriel street, Dublin. 
Cody, J., 12 Bessboro' av. North Strand, Dublin. 
Cole, P., 1 Anghrim street, Dublin. 
Coughlin, J., Larkh'eld, Kimmage, Dublin. 
Connaughton, P., 23 Nicholas street, Dublin '(borne 

address); Market square, Longford. 
Cowling, J., 6 Sussex terrace, Mespil road. Dublin. 
Craven. B., 21 Poole street, Dublin. 
Croke, M., 4 Milbourne av., Drumcondra, Dublin. 
Cullen, J., 6 Whitworth place, Dublin, 



Callaghan. J.. 18 Moss street, Dublin. 

Carroll, M., 24 George's quay, Dublin. , 

Carroll, R.. 38 Susanville rd., Drumcondra, Dublin. 

Carton, <>., 21 Temple street, Dublin. 

Casey, II., 11 St. George's av., Drumcondra, Dublin. 

Cassidy, J., 508 N.C.R.. Dublin (home address: 

Aughanagh, Letterbreen Enniskillen). ; 

Chnney, P., 5 North Court av., Church rd., Dublin. 
Clifford, D., 4 Up. Gardiner street, Dublin. 
Clinch, P., 28 North Frederick street, Dublin. 
Coffey, J., 34 Botanic rd., Glasnevin, Dublin. 
Collin, P., 12 Parnell street, Dublin. \ 

Collins, M.. 16 Rathdown road, N.C.R.. Dublin. \ 
Conroy, J., 40 Railway street, N. Strand Dublin. 
Corbally, R., 7 Moor row, off Gardiner st.. Dublin. 
Corbally, T., 38 St. Patrick's Cottages, \Villbrook, 

Rathfarnham. Co. Dublin. 
Cosgrove, M., Abl>otstown, Castleknock; home ad- 
dress, Coolridfie. Kilcock. 
Conghlan. F., 33 Dargle road. Dublin 
Cowley, M., Orchardstown, Rathfarnham, Co. Dublin. 
Coyle, W., 21 Temple street, Dublin. 
Cremen, M. Rockbrook, Rathfarnham. Co. Dublin. 
Dalamere, E., 34 Patrick street, Dublin. 
Dily, 1)., Main st., Cahirriveen. Co. Kerry. 
Darcv W, 51 Lower Camden street, Dublin. 
Darritt, D., 4 Russell st., N.C.R., Dublin. 
Dcnnany, P., 9a Block Buckingham Building, Dublin 
Dervin. P., 14 Summer place, Dublin. 
Doggett, C, 8 Charlemont street, Dublin. 
Donegan J., 17 Grantham st. (parents' address), 

6 Wye street, Birkpnhpad. 
Dn'n nelly. P., Hermit acre. Rathfarnham, Co. Dublin, 
Donohoe, R., 2 Eccles street. Dublin. 
Donohoe. S., 47 Montpelier Hill. Dublin. 
Dorp. E., "Main street, Glin. Co. Limerick. 
Howling, A., Main road, Castleknock, Co. Dublin. 
Dowling, J., Main road, Castleknock, Co. Dublin, 
Doyle, J., 8 Church lane, I r. Kevin st., Dublin, 
Doyle, J., 8 Harlionr rd., Bullock. Dalkey. 
Dovle, J., 117 Capcl street. Dublin. 
Duffy. C, 3 River road Cottage, Castleknock, Co. 

Dublin. 
Duffy, E., Back road. Castleknock. Co. Dublin. 
Duffy, J., 11 Emerald street. Dublin. 
Duffy, J.. 7 Reuben avenn«, Dublin 
Dunne, .L, 13 T T nper I.'ffey street. Dublin. 
Dunne, P., 23 Nth Gt. George's street. Dublin. 
Dunne, T.. 14 Upper Liffey street, Dublin. 
Dwver, J., 7 Inns ouay. Dublin 
Early, J., 607 Richmond place Dublin. 
Edward«. SI.. ?5 St. Michael's tee., Bellerville, 

S.C.R., Dublin. 
English P., Dunsink Cottage, Castleknock, Co. 

Dublin. 
Ennis, T . 3 Richmond Crescent. Dublin. 
Farrell, M., 20 Lower Dorset street. Dublin. 
Farrelly, J., 5 Temple Cottages Broadstone, Dublin 
Forney, O., 9.0 Henry street, Dublin. 
Fitsimonds, M., 8 Blessingfon plare. Dublin. 
Fitzharris, J., 2 Oripl nlace. Dublin. 
Fitzmanriee. G.. 2 Orchard terrace. Dublin. 
Flanagan, M , 40 Moore street. Ruh'in 
Flanagan, F., 30^ Moore street. Dublin. 
Flanagan. G., 30| Moorp street, Dublin. 
Flanigan, M., 14 St. Clement's rd., Drumcondra, 

Dublin. 
Flood, J., 19 Snmmerhill parade, N.C R., Dublin. 
Ford, J.. 30 Upper George st., Kingstown. 
Fox, J., 9 Hawthorne terrace. Church rd., Dublin. 
Fox, M., Brasscastie, Knockmaroon, Chapelizod, 

Dublin 
Fov, F., Lower Palmerstown. Chanelizod, Co. Dublin. 
Fullam, T.. 15 Synnott place, Dublin. 
Gahan. M.. 19 Nicholas street, Dublin. 
Gallagher, P., Edmondstnwn, Rathfarnham. Dublin. 
Garland, P., 27 Lower Kevin street, Dublin. 
Garvey, M., 51 Lower Camden street, Dublin. 
Gavan J., 283 Richmond rd.. Fairview, Dublin. 
Geoghegan, J. J., 134 North Strand road (Parents. 

Ballingrone Junction, Co. Limerick). 
Geraghty, C, 3 Fingal place, Dublin. 
Gleeson, T., 50 Lower Dominiek street, Dnblin. 
Gough, J, 1 North Richmond st. ; home address. 

New road, Buldoyle, Co. Dublin. 
Halpin, P.. 35 Oxmantown road, Dublin. 
Hammill, T., 17 St. James" terrace, SC R.Dublin. 
Hands, N„ 12 Great Longford street, Dublin. 
Harper, .1., 70 Benburb street. Dublin. 
Hayden J„ 126 James's street, Dublin. 



72 



Hayes,, J, 77 IJrjhsbury sheet. Dublin 

Haves, J., 5 Marino av., Maiahide WL. Dubliu 

Healy, J., 12 Upper Gardiner streev, Dublin. 

Healv, 1'., 86 Phibslwrousrh road, Dublin. 

Heer'y, J. (?46), 40 Fitzroy av., Drumcondra. ^ublm 

Honderick, E., 12 Up. Dominick st., Dubl.i. _ 

Henderson, P., 5 Windsor Villas, Fairview, DudIia. 

Henderson, M., 14 St. Kearin's rd., AC.R., Dublin. 

Henderson. T., 14 St. Kearin's rd., S.O.R , Dublin. 

Henrv V., 25 Charlemont street, Dublin 

Henry. F., 5 Fennell's Cottages, Charlemont street, 
Dublin. 

Koran J- 4 Francis street. Trale*. 

Hughes, T., 8 Summer Hill. Dublin. 

Jackson P., 40 St. Augustine street, Dublin. 

Jovcc B., Hermitage, Rathfarnham. Dublin. 

Joyce,' R., 29 Charles street, Dublin. 

Karns P , 10 Daniel street South. Dublin. 

KavanVh J., 45 Sth. Gt. George's ft., Dublin 

Kavanagh. P., 24 St. Mary's rd.. N. Strand. Dublin 

Kearney T., Ballvboden. Rathfarnham, Co. Dublin. 

Keating' C., 14 Portland dace. Dublin. 

Kel'y. £•■ Coolgariff. Stillorgan. Co. Dublin. 

Kei'v* J 93 1-oner Dorset strpet, Dublin. 

Keo»n .T 11 Brabazon st., off Coombe. Dublin. 

Kelly F IS» 53 Gordon st., Kingsend, Dublin. 

KertJ ■ 31 Upper Sackvil'e st.. Dublin. 

Kelty P l* Watkin's Cottages, off Ardee St., Dub- 
lin. "" 

E-*nnv J 25 North Brunsw.rk st., Dublin. 

Kerw'iri, P., Maynooth, Co. Kiidare. 

KilgaHon. J., The Hermit*?*. Rathfarnham, Co. 
• Dublin. 

inner G 25 St. Ignahaa w>B*l, Dublin. 

Kin* G'.' Larkfield, Kimraas-a, Dublin. 

Kin*?' M , 25 St. Isrnatius road. Dublin. 

Kin"-' P . Larkfield. Kimmage, Dublin. 

Iawlor L.. 29 Ardrigh road, Dublin. 

Tedwith P.. 65 Blessington street, Dublin. 

Tittlp J 31 r e ar Ur> - Clanbrassil st., Dublin. 

Lowe 'A'.', 3 Deane street, Dublin. 

Tandv .T., Larkfield, Kimmage, Dublin. 

T vnrh M 7 St. Bridget's av.. N. Strand, Dublin. 

Tvnrh' V ' 14~ Nelson st., Dublin: home address, 
John's Brook, Kells. Co. Meath. 

r TOr , t 39 Finsrlas rd., Glasnevin, Dublin. 

M'Ardle J , 10 North Portland row, Dubli». 

xiArdlp' P 4 North Portland row, Dublin. 

Mrormack.' J., 220 Parnell st.. Dublin. 

xrVrvonoiM-'h J., 18 Cottasres. Station road, Baldnyle. 

\rPiiiffott M 11 Lr. St. Columba's rd.. Dublin. 
T F 42 Mill street. Belfast. 
Dublin. 



M'En 



M'Frntt L 31 Ushers nnay. Dublin. 
M'Cn'th'M Kimmage, Larkfield. Dublin (Brother's 
adJress.'l Herbert st., Kentish Town, London). 
M'Guire. F.'-U, c/o T. M'Guire, Derrygonnelly, Co. 

* Fermanagh. 
MTinirc R 65a Riithmines road. Dublin. 
\t'H.iiri- P 54 Donore ivenue, Dublin 
M'Keon "Un^-rsitv Coll.. Earlsfort tee., Dublin. 
MrMahon •>.. n Newmtrket. Dublin. 
WrXnltv M The Mm RHnchnrdstown, Co Dublin. 
* v v P Th" Mill. BJanehardstown, Co. Dublin. 
McPartlin, P.. Zz st - Joseph's place, Dorset St.. 

Dublin. _, . , _, , .. 

MarOinley. E- :,os Drumcondra road, Dublin. 



MarT'L 17 Grantham street, Dublin. 
E'„ nFrank), 4 Lr. Dominick st., Dublin, 
MaSn V 4 Lower Dominick street, Dublin. 
Mr'^ip II" 68 Cabra Park, rhibsborongh. Dublin. 
'. "£' w 68 Cabra Park. Phibsboro', Dublin. 
M,i"h'er P., 138 Upper Dorset street. Dublin, 
\\ .Pk in G.. 38 Fast Essex street. Dublin. 
Mmks A. 1 MalpaS terrace, off New st., Dublin'. 
Moonpy, J-, River road Cottage. Castleknock. Co. 

■Mnnripv P Rivervirw, Castleknock, Co. Dublin. 
Moore 'J. 16 St. Joseph sq.. Vernon av., Clontarf. 

DubliQ. __ , , ,, , ,. 

Mnnroo T., 7 Little Denmark street, Dublin. 

„ e i 14 Blackhall place, Dublin. 
Vnrnhv F . 9 North Wall, Dublin. 
Mnrnhv F., The Hermitage Rathfarnham. 
MnrohV H.. 31 Usher's quay. Dublin. 
Murphv' 3-, Kilmore Cottages, Artane, Co. Dublin. 
Murphy' P.. 45 Broughton Btrcct, Dundalk. 



Murtagh. F. D.. 196 Parnell street. Dublin. 
Murtat-i i... Lower Paimersto . .i, Chapelizod, Co. 

Dublin 
Munay, T.. 102 Lower Gard u^r /reet. Dublin. 
ilurphy, C, 9 Upper St. Brigid'i .d., Drumcondra. 
JlUbgrave, A., 4 St. Patrick 3 rd.. Drumcondrii. 

DubliiiF 
Nolan, M., Bu-rowfield, Baldoyle, Co. Dublin. 
NoUn, T. 8 Norseman place, Dublin. 
Noona u C, 28 Blackhall place, D«ili.i. 
Noonan, E., Larkfield, Kimmage, Dublin. 
Noon.»a, J., Larkfield, Kimmage, Dublin. 
O'Brien, J., 8 Dolphin's Barn. Dublin. 
O'Rrien, M., 2 Walker's Cottases. Ratumines. 
O'Brien, O., 7 Bessborough pde.. Rathmines, Dublin. 
O'Brien, P., 26 St. Michael's terrace, S.C.R.. Dublin 
O'Brien, W.. 75 Fairview Strand, Clontarf. Dublin. 
O'Brien, T., 6 Parkgate street. Dublin. 
O'Byine, J., 32 Connaught street, Dublin. 
O'B.vrne, J., 2 Camden place, Dublin. 
O'Connell. M.. 44 Mountjoy street, Dublin. 
O'Connor, J., 18 Francis street, Dublin 
O'Connor, J., 77 Parnell st. (home address, 13 

White Lion street, London. 
O'Connor, J., 4 Lower Sherrard street, Dublin. 
O'Connor, J., 10 Beresford place, Dublin. 
O'Connor, T., 58i Harold's Cross. Dublin. 
O'Dokerty, AV.. 15 Shamrock tee., Blarney, Co. Cork 
O'Gorman, W., 16 Drumcondra Park. Dublin. 
O'Hanlon. P., 31 Up. Wellington st., Dublin. 
O'Higgins, B., Finglas, Co. Dublin. 
O'Kelly, M , 27 Upper Rutland street, Dublin 
O'Neal, M., 69 North Kinjr street. Dublin. 
O'Neill, J., 4 Russell terrace, Church road, Dublin. 
O'Neill, J., 18 Manor place, Dublin. 
O'Neill, T., 8 St. Mary's rd.. off Church rd., Dublin. 
O'Neill, W., 7 North Gt. George's st., Dublin. 
O'Reilly, D., 181 North Circular road, Dublin. 
O'Reilly, J., 32 Commons street. Dublin. 
O'Reilly, J., 3 Ballybough lane, Dublin. 
O'Reilly, J.. 35 Drumcondra road, Dublin. 
O'Reilly, J., Chapel st., Bantry. Co. Cork. 
O'Reilly, P., 43 Geraldine street, Dublin. 
O'Keilly, T., 10 St. Michael's Hill. Dublin. 
O'Reilly, W., 14 Arbutus place, S.C.R., Dublin. 
O'Rorke, J., 14 Carlingford tee., Drumcondra, 

Dubiin. 
Oman, R., 8 Daniels street, Dublin. 
Pollard, F., 31 Lower Dominick st., Dublin. 
Perry ; W.. 19 Usher's Island. Dublin. 
Poole, C, 2 Lower Rutland street, Dublin. 
Poole, P., 50 Marlborough street. Dublin. 
Price, J., 15 Killarney parade. NCR., Dublin. 
Rankin, P.. 24 Queen street. Newry. 
Rath, T., 12 Grand Canal Harbour, Dublin. 
Redmond, A., 15 Cuizon street, Dublin. 
Richmond, J., 275 North Circular road, Dublin. 
Ring. C 5 Sackville Gardens. Dublin. 
Ring, J.. 17 Clonmore terrace. Dublin. 
Rinjr, W., 4 Sackville Gardens, Dublin. 
Ross. W., 11 Lr. Sherrard street, Dublin. 
Rvan, D., St. Enda's College, Rathfarnham. 
Ryan, J., 39 Rsnelagh road, Dublin. 
Ryan, L., 4 Portobello Ilarlnjur. Dublin. 
Seerv, J., 10 Beresford place. Dublin. 
Shelly. C, 78 St. Augustine street, Dublin. 
Sheridan, J., 10 Carters' lane, off Smithfield, 

Dublin. 
Shortall, W., 3 St. Joseph's terrace, Upper Wcllinjp. 

ton street, Dublin. 
Shouldice. P., 3 Marino Crescent, Clontarf, Dublin* 
Skeils, T., 36 Moyelta road, AVest road, Dublin. 
Smith, J., 3 Pile's Buildings, Wood st., Dublin. 
Steinmayer, C, 70 Lombard street, S.C.R.. Dublin* 
Sullivan, J., 4 Camden place, Dublin. 
Sullivan, J., 550 N.C.R.. Dublin. 
Summers, J., 7 Henrietta street, Dublin. \ 

Swan, P., 15 Belvedere av.. N.C.R., Dublin. 
Sweeney, J., The Hermitage. Rathfarnham, Co, 

Dublin. 
Sweeney, J., Butterfield avenue, Rathfarnham. 
Sweenev, P., Butterfield avenue, Rathfarnham'. 
Thornton, II., Larkfield, Kimmage road. Dublinu 
Toban, M., 35 Sullivan street, Dublin. 
Tobin, M., 2'8 Castlewood av., Rathmines, Dublin. 
Tuohv, S., 73 Brido street, Dublin. 
Tnrmley, J., 3 7 Garden lane, Dublin, 
Turner II. . 10 Summerhill, Dublin. 
TyrralL T., Maynooth. Co. Kildare, 



V, 



1 



Yize, J., 70 Seville place, Dublin. 

waiter, P , Mi union llill Kiunsvorthy, Co. Wexford 

Vtalpole, II, * Ranebiah 'oad DiibMu 

Walsh, J., 74 Parnell street, Dublin. 

Walsh, J., 3 Sherrard avenue, N.C.R., Dublin. 

Ward, G., 44 Home Farm rd., Drumcondra, Dublin. 

Ward. T , 74 Paniell street, Dublin. 

Wlielan, G., 19 Russell street, Dublin. 

W'hcian. J.. 50 Marilwrough street, Dublin. 

M helan, J , 14 Marlborough street, Dublin. 

Wheluii. W . 31 lialiyhongh mud. Dublin. 

White, J., 10 Summer street, Dublin. 

303 TO KN'JTSFORD CN 3rd MAY. 

The following list of 308 prisoners who 
were removed from Richmond Barracks, 
Dublin, on May 2nd, and lodged in Knuts- 
ford Detention Barracks on May 3rd, was is- 
sued on Friday, 12th May: — 

Archibold, Wri., 6 Synnott street. North Strand, 
Dublin — Commission agei.t's clerk 

Blanchh'eld, Peter, 44 Carnew St., N.C.R.— Cabinet- 
maker. 

Roland, Gerald, 9 Vinrent st., S.CR.— Fitter. 

Bowman, Joseph. 21 Sth terr., Inchirore— Fitter. 

Boylan. Thos , 6 Ashbrook terr.. S.CR,, Dublin- 
Teacher. 

Bracken, Thos., 7 Lower Gloucester st. — Labourer. 

Brady, Jas.. 71 Bride street, Dublin. Lamplighter. 

Breslin, Patrick, ill Foley st— Labourer. 

Brian, Ptk., 42 Upper Gloucester st.— Machinist. 

Brogan (Drogan), Patrick, Gollinsto.wn. Lusk — 
Labourer 

Buckley, Daniel, Maynooth, Kildare— General 
merchant; 

Buckley. Wm. J., 43 Gt. Charles street. N.C.R.- 
Co ton merchant. 

Burke, M. 9 Brabazon street, Dublin— Labourer. 

Burue, James, 2 Alevander tee., Terenure— Carpenter 

Rp tier, Chris., 61 Emmet rd.. Inchicore — Cooper 

Byrne Joseph, 99 Marlborough St.— Corporation 
labourer. 

Pvrne, Michael. 1 Maxwell st,— Labourer. 

Byrne, Wm.. Fingall street, Cork street, Dublin— 
Despatch cierk. 

Byrne, Jos., 5 Armstrong street, Harold's Cross — 
Carpenter. 

Byrne. Thomas, 37 Blackpitts, Dublin— Carpenter. 

Byrne. Patrick, 9 Ring terrace .Inchicore, Dublin- 
Brass polisher. 

Byrne, M., Salem place. Donore, Terenure avenue, 
Dublin— Carpenter. 

Byrne, Lawrence. 15 Ilavclock square, Dublin— 
Engineer's fitter 

Ryrne, Hugh, Harold's Cross rd., Dublin— Labourer. 

Byrne. Frank, 2 Aberdeen terrace, Dublin— Inspec- 
tor O P O. telephones. 

Byrne, Christopher, 16a (169) Up. Basin street- 
Corporation labourer. 

?yrne, Wm., 4 Smithfield av.— Labourer. 

Byrne, Patrick, 2 Alexander tee., Terenure— Com- 
positor 

Jyrne. Patrick, 20 Donore avenue— Machinist 

fjrne, John, 31 Mh. Cumberland st.— Labourer. 

Lvrne, Charles, 35 Monntpleasant sq.— Clerk, 
rne, Joseph, 56 Summerhill— Labourer 

Haffrey, F., 116 Lr. Gardiner st.. Dublin— Baker. 

^affrey, Leo., 116 Lr. Gardiner st., Dublin— Baker. 

Lallan, P., 59 Millmount nvenue, Dublin— Carpenter. 

Carlton, T. G., Kimmage road, Dublin— Warehouso 
clerk. 

Jarroll, Bartholomew, 5 Mallon ter., Grove road, 
Harold's Cross— Plumber. . 

'arroll, James, 4 Almeida av.— Fn.gine driver. 

larroll, Peter, 8 Lr. Rutland st.— Labourer. 

"arty, Thos., Castleknock, Co. Dublin— Clerk. 

"asey. Jas., Iveagh House, Dublin— Boot salesman, 
assidy, II., 36 Coombe street, Dublin— Labourer. 

Jaulfield, John, 1 (4?), Marlborough place— Wine 
porter. 

lavanagh, Martin, 20 Phoenix st.— Brass moulder. 

lavauagh, Thomas, 20 Phrenix st.— Machine minder. 

Jhristie, Peter, Artane Village, Co. Dublin— La- 
bourer. 

llarke, Jos., 7 Clifton fcrr., Rnnclagh rd.— number. 

Jollins, John, 98 Marlborough st.— Tailor. 



Commerford Andrew, 4 Up. Kevin st.— Range setter. 
Corcoran, Jos., 19 Kennedy's Villas, James's St.— 
Bootmaker. t 

iCordv (Coatl.vi. Wm., 8 Nicholas pi.— Silk-weaver. ! 
Corrigan, James, 11 Lower Baggot street, Dublin- 
Shop assistant. 
Cotter, Joseph, h St Ann's road, Drumcondra— 

Clerk, Civil Service. 
Coughlan, Jas., 21 Up Bridge st.. Dublin— Mechanic 
C'ulleii, John., 37 Wexford st.— Chauffeur 
Curran, W., 3 Vanxhall ave.. Dublin— Brass polisher 
Cahill, Arthur, 444 Nth. Cir. rd , Dublin— Chemist. 
Corrigan, Wm., 84 Lower George's street, Kings- 
town — Shopman (grocer?). 
Cotter, Joseph. 32 St. Ann's rd.. Drumcondra— Clerk. 
Cotter, Richard, 2 St. Ann's road, Drumcondra — 

Clerk, Civil Service. 
Cunningham. James, 3 Upper Oriel st.— Tailor. 
Daly, Philip, 12 Pim st., Dublin— Draper's assisfant. 
Delfciiy, M 31 Patrick st,, Dublin— Lal>ourer. 
Dempsey, Wm., 32 Reginald st., Dublin— Labourer. 
Dpvine. John, Lusk— labourer. 
Dohertv, John, St. James' terrace. Dolphin's Barn. 

Dublin— Cooler. 
Donnghne, Thos. D., Lower Abbey st — Labourer 
Doolan, Joseph, 6 Brighton Gardens (Bright's 

Yard?), Terenure— Insurance agent. 
Doyle, Peter. 74 Summerhill— Bricklayer. 
Bowling. Edward, 99 Marlborough st.— Carter. 
Doyle, Patrick, Coombe Hospital— Medical student. 
Doyle. Thomas 19 Harman street, Donore avenue, 

Dublin — Carpenter. 
Doyie, Joseph, 22 Chamber st,— Porter. 
Doyle Thomas, 18 Lower Mayor street— Porter 
Doyle, Christopher, 3 Dolphin's Barn st.— Labourer 
Doyle, Wm., Leisson Hall. Swords— Farm labourer. " 
Dunne, Denis, 22 Brighton Gardens, Terenure — 

Insurance agent. 
Dunne P.. 31 Darley's terr.. Donore ave.— Labourer 
Dunne, John Joseph. 28 S.C R.— Clerk. 
Drumm (PDrohanl. Thos.. 3 Byrne's Cottages 

Dolly mount — Gardener. 
Durham M itthias, Skerries— Carpenter. 
Edwards. John, 25 St. Michael's terrace, Dublin- 
Cooper. 
Egan, Patrick. 31 Gardiner st.— Van driver. 
Ennis, Christopher. 49 Ressboro' av.— Plumber 
Ennis, Michael ( 'Christopher), 49 Bessboro' ar„ 

North Strand— Gas fitter. 
Farrell, Wm., 25 Grcnville st., Dublin— Plumber'* 

assistant. 
Farrell, M , 84£ Cork street, Dublin— Wine porter. 
Farrell Jas. 8 Lower Drumcondra rd— Grocer. 
Fitzp-'trick, Andrew, l Chawoit (Talbot?) terrace- 
Electric worker. 
Fitzpatrick, John, 118 Parnell street, Dublin- 
Grocer's assistant. 
Fitzpatrick. Jas., 7 Carrickfoyle terr., Kilmainhum- 

Coachmaker. 
Fitzsimons, John. 118 Lower Gardiner street, 

Dublin— Vanman. 
Fleming, M., Shillelagh Co. Wicklow— Fireman 
Fogarty. James. 7 Parnell place. Harold's Cross— 

Saddler. 
Foran, James. Camao House, Dolphin's Barn- 
House painter. 
Fullerton, Geo., 22 Bow lane, Dublin— Machinist. 
Furlong, Matthew, 70 Seville place — Tool maker. 
Furlong, Joseph, 70 Seville place— Turner. 
Gahan (Galvin?.), Timothy, Wood quay— Student oi 

Steward. 
Goukling, Charles, 5 Cottage place, N.C.E,-, 

Dublin— Painter. 
Goulding, James, 5 Cottage place, Dublin— IIouu 

painter. 
Graham, Jas., 27 Emerald sq., Dolphin's Barn 

Labourer. 
Graham, Thos., 44 Reginald st,— Labourer. 
Grant, Patrick, G.N.B. Cottage, Baldoyle— Moti 

• mechanic. 
Gregory, John, 28 Cadogan road— Labourer. 
Griffen. John, 3 Grcnville lane, off Gardiner place- 
Tailor. 
Gunning, J., 79 Lr. Gardiner st.— Plate Polisher 
Hagan, James, 30 Gray street, Dublin— Labourer 
Hannon, Jas., 12 Lawrence si., Dublin— Checker' 
Hanney, John, 79 Lr. Gardiner street— Old i- 

pensioner and printer. 
Hanney, Eras (John?), 79 Lr. Gardiner sf. — *wnte 
Harvey, Robert, 79 Lr ft-udinc.r st. Cj.r — ■%>■• 



74 



Harvey, I'hos., 5 D'OMer st.-Waiter. 

Heron J. is., 23a Bessboro's ave., North Strand— 
Butcher. ■ 

Holland (Haloran), Dl., 157 Silverdale terr., Inchi- 
etire — Carpenter 

Holland (Hallinirton), Robt., 157 Silverdale terr., 
Iiichicore — Butcher. 

Hutchinson, .lot,., 12 Summerhill parade. Snramer- 
hilt. Dublin— Printer's assistant. 

Jordan. Micha. I, 53 Monntjoy street— Porter. 

Joyce, J.. Ashdall road, Terenute- Student. 

Jn'dtre. J, 2 Catsimir road Dublin — Butcher. 

Kavanogh, Jas.. 78 Marrowbone lane, Dublin- 
Si essenger. 

Kavanairh. P., IS Up Dorset sL— Grocer's assistant. 

Kearns. Jos., 13 St Clements' s road— Clerk. 

Kearns, Frank. 13 St. Clements road— Clerk. 

K earns, John, 13 St. Clement's road— Student. 

Kearns. Thos., 13 St. Clement's road— Clerk. 

Keating, Jas., 42 I'p. Gloucester St.— Labourer. 

Keller, Thomas. Corduff. Lusk— Labourer. 

Kelly, Thomad.. 71b Corporation Buildings, Dublin 
— Flour packer. 

Kelly, Henify. 31 Bachelor's Walk— Grocer's 
assistant. 

Kelly, Joseph, 12 Killarney Tarade, NCR.— 
Private means. 

Kellv, .).. Skerries. Co. Dublin — ft racer's assistant. 

Kellv. Win.. 11 Donohue st.. Incliirore— Lalmnrer. 

Kelly. P., 100 Lr. Drumcondon ( rDrumcondra) rd. 
-Clerk. 

KHlv, Joseph, Co-duff. Lusk— Workhr.nse wardmaster 

Kelly. Isaac, 23 Longwood av., S.C.R., Dublin— 
Bank clerk. 

Kellv, Matthew. 42 Up. Gloucester st.— Van driver. 

Kennedy, Joseph 2nd Lock, Grand Canal— Clerk. 

Kenny, James, Priest Reid terrace. Dolphin's Barn, 
Dublin— Harness maker. 

Kenny, K., 42 Reuben st., S.C.R., Dublin— Draper. 

Kenny, J.. 92 North S'-ind road— Plasterer. 

Kro'.rii -Times, S High street— Hairdresser. 

Kerr (Carr), Neil!. 6 Fiorinda street, Larkhill, 
Liverpool — Seaman. 

Kerr, Michael. Tercnure — Labourer. 

Kerr, Thos., Kimmage (11 Emerald st.)— Lalvourer. 

Kerrigan o., en. 82 Hp Ra'hmines— I'pho'sterer. 

Ivilleen. Robert. 14 St. Joseph's parade, off Dorset 
street, Dublin— Labourer. 

King. John. 45 St. Patrick's road, Drumzondra— 
l!'-n]<se''"' - 's clerk. 

I.aughlin. Ptk., 172 James's st., Dublin— Silk 
weaver. 

Lawleev.'. .las, 20 (? 21) First av., Seville place- 
Clerk. 

lawless, Jus.. Swords, Co. Dublin— Fireman 

Listnn. - M.. 27 South square, I nchicore— Fitter's 
apprentice. 

Losty, Thos.. 5 Nixon st.. Nor'h Wall— Checker. 

l.\neh, ML. 2 Grantham st. -Clerk (Corporation). 

Lviuh, Win., 1 N'xvin st.— Clerk. 

Lviuli. John. 1 Nixon st, Dtil>"n— Clerk 

Lyons, E. 1 =s Fnrtnrv ten-ace, Ballyboiigh road, 
nnblin— Brass nir'h.-r 

MarKav Lawrence, 23 ( ? 33) Nth William st.— 
Blacksmith. 

McCabe, P., Royraount House, Harold's Cross- 
Painter. 

McCabe, Edward, Roymonnt House, Kimmage, 
Harold's Cross— Painter. 

McCabe, Wm,, Ro.ymouiit House, Kimmage road- 
Painter. 

McCormack John, 70 Corporation st., Dublin— 
Grocer's assistant. 

M'Donnell, Jn., Victoria Cottage, Stillorgan rd.. 
Donny brook— Labourer. 

M'Olvnn, John, 4 Portobello narbonr— Plasterer. 

|i'Gion<?ri1 ! n, M., 9 Northumberland square, Dublin 
—Printer. 

M'Grath, John. 49 Bellcview Buildings, Thomas 
street Dublin— Clerk at Guinness's Brewery. 

M'Grath, Patrick. 49 Bellcvue Buildings, Dublin- 
La Ixnirer. 

M 'Go ire, Jas.. 32 St. Michaels terrace— Labonrcr. 

11 alone, Wm., 57 Corporation street, Dublin- 
Grocer's porter. 

Malonv. J., 21 Longwood avenue, S.C.R.. Dublin- 
Traveller 

Martin, Peter, 32 Commons' street. North Wall- 
Checker. 

Mcadc, Dnl., 11 Emerald sq — Attendant (labourer). 



Molloy, Chas.. 118 Parnel! st., Dublin. 

Molloy, Ml. Jos., 45 Ba.yview ave— Compositor 

Molloy, Richard. 50 Sitric rd., Dublin— Painter 

Morgan, John, 10 Gray st., Dublin— Labourer (mes- 
senger). 

Mullen. .Martin, 10 Lauderdale terrace, New row, 
Dublin— Bricklayer. 

Murphy, M., 9 Synnott place, Dublin— Brick". iy«r. 

Murphy, John, I Lower Clanbrassil street, Dublin- 
Van driver. 

Murphy, Jn, 5 Behan's Cott., James's st.— Labourer. 

Murphy. James, 17 St. Mary's terrace, Rathfarn- 
ham — Traveller 

Murray, Ger., 31 Effra rd Rat hmines— Clerk 

Murray, G., Tiutern. Kfi'ra rd.. Rathmmes— Clerk. 

M'Allister. Bernard. Donabate. Co. Dublin. 

M'Cabe, Kevin, 539 NCR., Dublin— Watchmaker. 

M'Cflim. John Back lane. Lusk— Labourer. 

M'Donagh, John, 34 Bloomfield avenue— Theatre 
manager. 

M'Donald, ML, 84 North Strand rd.— Labourer. 

M" Donald, J., 17 Lr. Oriel street— Clerk. 

McDonald, John., 6 St. Brigid's ave., Nth. Strand- 
Linotype operator. 

M'Donnell. Matthew, 11 North Portland place, 
N.C.R., Dublin— Painter. 

M'Donnell (M'Donald). Patrick, 4 Up. Gardiner 
street — Dtaner's assistant. 

M'Donnell, Seamns (James), Little Strand street, 
■Skerries — Druggist. 

M'Evoy. James, 8 Redmond's Hill— Cinematograph 
operator. 

M'Ginley, Patrick, 2 Fitzgibbon st,. Dublin— Tailor. 

M'Keag (M'Kerg), David, 25 Lr Abbey st. -Glazier. 

M-K'ee. Richard. Firrglas Bridge— Compositor. 

M'Kenna, Bernard, 1 Maxwell st.— Van driver. 

M'l.nuQ-hlin, Peter, 6 King street South-Tailor. 

M'Mahon, Peter, Up. Gardiner street— Clerk to 
ship-broker. 

M'Quaid John, la Rose terrace, Wharf road, Fair- 
view— Tramway clerk. 

M'Veigh. James, Emerald square, Dolphin's Rarri — 
Labourer. 

Mackey. ML, 23 Nth. William st.— Blacksmith's 
improver. 

Makttnalt's. Antli. <Rns?ian), Belfast— Seaman. 

Malony, Hy., Lr. Gloucester st.— Foreman. 

Maslerson. James, Lusk— Labourer. 

Maxwell, Thomas Sutton Co Dublin— Gardener. 

Meldon Thos.. 45 Gardiner st.— Tailor; and 

Meldon, John, same address— Clerk, brothers. 

Moore. John. 29 Guild st.. Dublin— Lalwnrer. 

Moore. Wm., 21 Cardigan rd. (fCadogan rd.)— 
Clerk. 

Moran. Ptk. 160 Phibsboro* rd., Dublin— Grocer* i 
assistant 

Mullen Martin, 9 Emerald tee.. Cork st. — Lanonrer. 

At alien. Pa' rick, 9 Rmerald tee.— Fitter's apprentice. 

Mi'lcahv. Richard. Bayview, Sutton— Clerk. 

v..niliv ''■'.tre-k 9 Church st. N Wnl'— T.al:o>>rer. 

1'iirnhv P.. 42 Chamber st —Labourer ^boot-maker). 

Murphy, Jos., 30 Corporation «t., Dublin — Labourer 

Murray, Nicholas, 107 North Strand— Decoratii j 
artist. 

Mnrrav Henrv 31 Rffra rd., Rotbmincs—Clerk 

Miiif-'-'h ( 5 Morion), Bernard, 63 Lombard street 
W —Labourer. 

Neary. Jos., Marlborough nouse, Glasnevin— Waiter. 

Nolan,' Thomas. 106 Cork street— La bourer. 

O'Brien Wm., 43 Lombard street. West, S.C.Rs* 
Dublin— Clerk. 

O'Brien, Lorean, 8 Pirn st.— Clerk. 

O Brien, Denis, 1 Greenville terrace— Slater. 

O'Brien, Peter, 7 Bessboro' Parade, Rathmines— 
Law clerk 

O'Byrne. John. 5 Shamrock Villas, Harold's Cross— 
~ Paintev. 

O'Byrne, Joseph, Crchclp, Dunlavin, Co. Wicklow— 
Grocer. 

O'Callashan. Michael, 6 Shannon terrace, Old Kil- 
mainham— Coachbuilder. 

O'Callaghan, J.. 20 Leinster st.— Commercial clerk. 

O'Connell, J., 9 Parnell Cott,. Malahide— Labourer. 

O'Connor. Thos., 4 Lower Sherrard street, Dublin- 
Seaman. 

O'Donncll, Jas., 28 Francis st.— Hairdresser... 

O'Dwyer, Michael, 49 Cork st., Dublin— Cooper. 

O'Flaherty, Martin. 22 Riaito st.— Clerk. 

O'Flaherty, Liam, 22 Rialto st.— Clerk. 

-. ) 



O'Gurmin. John. 1 Coulson av., Raihgar— Railway 
clerk 

O'Neill, Frank, 14 Lower Gardiner street, Dublin — 
'lea packer 

O'Neill. K.', 14 Ring street, Inehieorp— Fit'er 

O'Neill. I jscph 14 Lower Gardiner street, Dublin— 
lea paiker 

(J'Neih, Miihael, 49 Phrrnix -4- Blacksmith. 

() ll.iilnraii ( .. Aabuni Vilias. Kingstown. 

OUilTerlv ,lohn Main st., I.nsk Croum 

G'Ronrk-. MI, 2 Seville place— Clerk 

U lt.ii.rke, I'.. 7S Mai run bone lane, Dublin— Coal 
asjciit (labourer) 

O'Reilly; I'lk , 44 Reuben st., Dublin— Silk-weaver. 

O'Sn-a. Dviriu'iU. 10 'lempif street, Dublin- Ware- 
house cieik 

Perry, .) is., 42 Fp Gloucester st —Labourer. 

ferry, Geo., 42 1 p Gloucester st — fort-mad 

I'liebin. Michael, 4 Purtobello place, S.O.'Ji. — Car 
penter 

Phillips. John. 9 Sth Brown st.— Carrier 

Power, Thomas, 14 l.r. Gardiner street — Tailor. 

Power, .Tnspnh ninelH.il I nchicore— Machinist. 

Fowi.r. Arthur, Blueball. I nchicore— Labourer 

Power Wm.. Bluebell [nchicore— Drilling Machinist- 

Price. Kdward 15 Killarne.v Parade N C. R. —Clerk, 
f 'i\ 1 1 Service. 

Pegh. Tins. 9 Chnrleville Mall. Nth. Strand— Clerk 

Qui Kie.v, .lohtt. Police Barracks, Store street, 
Dublin - K\ Policeman 

Rea-don, Michael ( 5 Rcordonl. 22 R"ing terrace, 
I nchico ^e— Apprentice coach builder. 

Redmond, Patrick, 24 Phillipsburgh avenue, Dub- 
lin -L.ilK.urpr 

Pcvnoids. Chrirles 70 Gardiner st. — Ship's fireman. 

Ruche. Thomas Q., 4- Sidney tee.. S.C R.— Book- 
keeper 

Roche. Wm.. 4 Sydney tee., SCR.— Clerk. 

Roonrv. I "tnes I.nsk. Co. -Dublin— Farmer 

Rooney, Edward. Tusk, Co. Dublin-Farmer 

Bimarien fP'-nnuneieL Richard. Lusk— Carpenter 

Russell. L. Cb"'.T'-.ive ter . S.C R., Dublin— Rulcher. 

Saul. John, 37 Parkview terrace, Kilmainhnm — 
I alviu-nr 

Scbweppe. Fred., 3 Mountain place, Dublin— Pattern 

case maker. 
Server. Thorrns. Lusk — Farmer. 
C!,n.,.,i 1; ,-) Philip, 134 Folev street — Grocer. 
PVil-s '°stipp!n). .ins. 33 Resslioro' av —Clerk 
Shortbal! P. 3 Cast'ewnnd p!.. Rat hmiiics— Fireman 
Shellcv, Penis. 4 Seville nl.— Cabinetmaker. 
SHctlev. Th '.«., 4 Seville nl -Cabinetmaker. 
Sierra n Charles. 143 James's st— Clerk 
Smith, ML. 2 Bayview av.. Nth Strand- Painter 
S-mlh. Th-nas 6 1 Lr Dominick st.— Postman. 
Slatterv. Jas.. 9 Woodullc. Botanic av., Dublin— 

Cabinet maker's apprentice 
Stafford. Fdward, Swords, Co. Dublin— Butcher's 

assistant. 
Ptanlelnn Wm.. 50 (13) Gt. George's st.— Pa'ntrr. 
Stokes. R'.eha-d ^ Tlollybank road, Dublin— 

flrpppr's assistant. 
Swair'v. Patk 108 Philipsbufgh avc, Fairvipw, 

Dublin— Baker. 
Tobin. Michael, 118 Parnell st., Dublin— Grocer's 

as°istant. 
Tnole. John, 13 flrav st — Labourer 
Tracy. John 7 Rath mines I err —Grocer's assistant. 
Troy, Patk., 179 Emmet rd., Inchicore— Skilled 

labourer. 
Trov. Daniel. 179 Emmet rd., Inrh ; core— Bodv-maker 
Venables. Thos., 7 Chamber st.— Silk-weaver 
Walsh. Patrick J.. 17 Glenarm avenue— Furniture 

salesman. 
"Walsh, Ptk., 47 Grove Park, Rathmines— Motor 

mechanic. 
Ward Patrick W.. 100 Lower Gloucester street 

Dublin— Grocer's porter. 
Weston, Bartle, Tnrvey, Donabate— Bricklayer. 
Wpston, Charles. Donabate. Co. Dublin— Bricklayer. 
Whelan, Richard, nerberton Buildings, Rialto-^ 

Railway cle r k. 
Whelan. M., 7 Emerald square, Dolphin's Barn- 
Basket maker. 
Whitmore, William, Clonee, Camolin, Co. Wexford 

— Farmrr. 
Whiteham, Chris., Patrick St., Mullingar— Labourer. 
SP HI Jams, W., 19 Sidney terr., West rd.— Bookbinder 
Young, Robert, 17 Sandford av.— Shop asst. 
Bfounig, Thomas, 17 Sandford av.— Apprentice to 

brass moulder. 



376 TG WAKEFIELD ON 6th MAY. 

The following list of 376 prisoners 
arrested by the military authorities, and 
received at Wakefield Detention Barracks on 
May 6th, was issued on Saturday, 13th May :— ^ 

Dailsbricige Party. 

Allwell. Jos., 144 Townsend street— Dairyman. 

Poland. Michael, Lower Rathfarnbam— Carter. 

Bracken. John (jun.). 14 Charlemout Mall Porto- 
bello- Painter's app 

Bradley Richard, 82 Lr. Gardiner st.— Printer. 

Byrne (tins. 37 Biackpills— Plasterer. 

Byrne, Laurence. 16 Gloucester place — Carter. 

Banks ITenrv, 53 Shelbourne road— Cabman. 

Banks' Henry, 7 Upper Camden st.— Storekeeper. 

Birmingham, Patk., 119 Haddington rd.— Labourer 

Bracken John (sen.). 14 Charlemout Mall, Porto- 
hello— House painter. 

Breen, John. 20 Charlotte street, S.C.R.— Grocer's 
assistant 

Brennan. Patrick. The Gardens. Milltown Park- 
Market gardener. 

Brennin. 33 Stimmorhill— Confectioner. 

Breslin. T. F., ■£. Fairview Corner— Bookkeeper. 

Burton Fredk., 18 Herbert lane— Carter. 

Byrne, Patk.. 3 Camden place— Tailor. 

Byrne. Henry, 3 Camden place— Porter. 

Byrne! Michael, 135 Townsend street— Labourer. 

Byrne! J . 7 Barrow street— Law clerk. 

Byrne. John, 51 Clarendon street— Mess man. 

Bvrne. Ed. no residence— Labourer. 

Byrne Peter. V Barrow street— Law clerk. 

Cahiil. Patrick, 74 Church street— Labourer 

Campbell, Mich. J., 81 Lr. Gardiner st— Electrician 

Carberry. Chris., 3 Myrtle terrace. Church road- 
Stock bookkeeper. 

Carroll. Thus.. 10 Repeal place— Labourer. 

Carroll' Nick 10 Repeal place— Labourer. 

Carroll. Dudley, 17 Clarendon street— Hair dresser. 

Carter, Richard, Booterstown avenue. Willow Tark, 
—Gardener. 

Casey, Leo, 60 Shelbourne rd.— Dentist's apprentice. 

Cassidy Thos., 13 Denzillc street— Coach builder. 

Christian. Wm., 94 Bride street— Porter. 

Clarke, Joseph. 6 llareonrt street— Vanman. 

Coffey, Wm., 7 Main street. Blackrock— Grocer's 
assistant. 

Colgan, Daniel, 65 Gt Brunswickstreet— Clerk. 

Cooper. Robert. 27 Clarendon street— Case maker. 

Cosgrove. John 1 Grattan Court— Motor driver. 

Cranwell, Ed.. 5 Margaret's Cottages— Nagsman. 

Cresg. I.aughlin. 74 Parr.ell street— Barman. 

Cuff Janus. 4 Greenfield place— Bookkeeper. 

Cnffe. Patk.. 4 Greenfield place— Railway porter. 

Cullen. Michael, 67 Percy place— Clerk. 

Cnllen. John, 67 Percy pla-e— Clerk. 

Delane.v. Joseph. 3 Wnterford street— B'acksmith. 

Demr-sev, Charles, 5 Emerald street— Winchm an. 

Donnellv Simon, 34 Wexford street— Plumber. 

Bowling. Thos l<\, S6 Donore terr. S.C. It.— Dentist. 

Dowliug. Chas.i 96 Donore terr., S.C. R.— Dentist. 

Dowling, Lewis 96 Donor" terr., S C.R.— Dentist. 

Dowhng Stephen 46 Marlborough street- Carter. 

Doyle, Jas.. Edenville, Haddington rd— Clerk. Gas 
Company. 

Dovle James, 39 Lr. Kevin street— Labourer. 

Dovle, Patk., S6 S.C. road— Ship plater. 

Dunne. James Allanwood, Robertstown, Co. Eildare 
—Boatman 

Duffy, Thomas, 15 Thomas street — Labourer. 

Dull Henry, 21 Lullymore terrace, S.C. R.— Retired 
railway official 

Ducia. Pat., Upper Mount Town, Kingstown— Driver. 

Dume. John 6 South Dock place— Dray man. 

Dunne, Joseph, 46 Marlborough street— Blacksmith. 

Dunne. Timothy, 2 LTaddington road— Turf dealer. 

Dunne, James 28 Gt. Clarence streets-Labourer. 

Dunne, Andrew Allanwood, Robertstown, Co. Eil- 
dare— Boatman. 

Dnnphy, John. 15 Pleasants street— Cycle salesman. 

Fay. James, 46 Marlborough street— Carter. 

Finn Timothy. 9 Brusoa Cottages, Blackrock-- 
T-ailor 

Finn, Luke, 12 Grenville street— Coal labourer. 



76 



Flannigan. Patrick, New street, Portumna (11 

Reginvld street)— Joiner. 
Fleming Michael, 9 Hamilton row— Motor fitter. 
Fulham, thos.. 54 Denzille street— Labourer. 
Gaffikin Ed Dighv. 67 Lr. Gardiner st — Mechanic. 
Gaskin Frank 55 Reuben avenue, S.C.R.— Moulder 
Gibbon's. Patrick, 46 Marlborough street— Rivetter. 
Gill, James 3 Lauderdale terrace— Vvine porter. 
Oilli°s Thos., 31 Leingter road— Electrician. 
Goulding, John, 6 Vincent st., S.C.R.— Shop asst. 
Grace, James, 29 Longwood avenue. 3 Stanley Cot- 
tages, Mei.iil road— Clerk. 
Griften. M., 17 Vavasour square, Sandymount— 

Tailor 
Gni'fDv'.e, John 47 Pleasants street— Electrician. 
Guilfovle Jos., 47 Pleasants street— Stationer 
llannon, James, 1 Bayview avenue. Fairview— Rail- 
way port« r 

Uard\ Octavus xl Belgrave road— Insurance clerk. 
Hardv Joseph Mount Prospect, Rallinasloo— Farmer 
Darvev, Patk., 8 Lr. Mt. Pleasant ave.— Hairdresser. 

Harvey, Joa. C.,, 8 Lr. Mt. Pleasant ave— Electri- 
cs ia n. 

Haves. Angustine, 16 Hume street— Tailor. 

ITetirv, Jas. 4- Lr. Orme place— Cabinet-maker. 

Hiekev, Michael, 30 Lennox street— Clerk. 

Hill, Sam. II, 18 Lr Ormord auay— Legal searcher 

Hvnes, John, No Commons, Lusk— Labourer. 

Irwin. Samuel, 22b Nicholas street— Laboratory as- 
sistant. 

Jackson, Francis, 26 South King street— Baker a 
.assistant. 

Jackson, Joseph, 26 South King street— Chauffeur. 

Jennings, M. O'S., 49 Londonbridge road— Inde- 
pendent. 

Johnson. Fd.. 2 Hamilton row— Waiter 

Jones, Peter, 81 ■Marlborough street— Piir minder 

Joyce, John, 1 TIealv street— Case maker 

Joyce, John, Kilmore road, Artane — Gardener 

Judge Richard, 26 Cumberland street— RiMnnster. 

Kavanasrh, Patrick, 25 Rathmines terrace— Lalxinrer 

K;ivanagh, Peter, 4 Ross road— Plumber's assistant. 

Kavana.gh, Patrick. 4 Ross road— Fitter's assistant. 

Kavanagh, Jas., 8 Rishon street— Factory hand. 

Favanao-h, Michael, 5 Pleasants street— Clerk. 

Kavanaffh AVm , 5 Pleasants street— Clerk 

Kc"v M'chael, 4 Poole's Arch, Dublin— Labourer. 

Kelly! Thos., 1 Lambert Cottages, off Linn st — 
Labourer. 

F>"y, Picaard, 3 S*h Concenter st. — Labourer. 

JvVllv! Pa f k., 5 St. N'Vho'as road— Stationery 

KennV. Charles, 7 Richmond place, Portohello— 
Wood cutter. 

Kenny. James. 31 Te^n'st^r road— House serent. 

Kerford, Patk., 59 Marlborough street— Newsman 
jC"M-n-n" E<].. 13 Camden row -Storekeeper 



Jo 



Kin-.!' 

Hi 
Knight 
1 amga 
I a ti/r, 

I ar"an Michael, 
Lawler, Ed , 11 

IraveUer. 
I.avrten. Matthew, 
Leonard, Michael. 

street— Gas s 
Leonard, Jos., 29 
Lindsay, John, l 
Lyng, Thos.. 53 



avenue, Ranelafth- 
rter. 



\nT>ville 
►irider edge g'tdor. 
Michael. 16 Gardiner's nlaee-- 
Park. Ki'mnre road. \r+ane — Labourer, 
neis. 9 Shannon road-Civ S«r C P O. 

1? Wa'erfnrd st-vot— Munitions. 

New Grove avenue— Commercial 



105 Parnell <t<reet— Me'^icrrr. 
2 G rattan Cottages, off G rat tan 



Nottingham st.— Electrician. 

Primrose ave.— Railway guard. 
Lr. Clanbrassil street. — Pawn- 
broker's assistant. 
Lvnch Daniel, 46 Marlborough st.— Labourer Gen. 
Lynch! John, 25 Annesley 



I'vons Geo., 14 Duke street— Printer's cle 
[anon, John, 6 tinker's lane— Engine dri 



Car owner, 
miter's clerk. 
:— Engine driver, 

Marion James— 6 Dukcr's lane— Labourer. 

Malone Rol>ort, 17 Pigeon House road— Labourer. 

M alien ' James, 19 George's quay— Hair dresser. 

Mannerin™ Ed., 15 Ch'arlemont 6t.— Labourer. 

M'Cabe Patrick, 13 Townsend st.— Coach painter. 

M'Carthy, Bernard, 32 Penrose street, Ringsend— 
Jeweller. «.«'•„ „ , , 

IMrCline Hubert, 82 Lr. Gardiner sf,.— Bookkeeper. 

Kf'Dermbtt, Joseph, 12b Mark street— Bootmaker. 

M'Oinn Michael 0.. Stranville, Strand road— Clerk. 

ht'Cratn John, 20 East Essex st.— Warehouseman. 

\i hi una Joseph, CO. M. Redmond, Forgo, Mill- 
town- Morse shoer. 

M'Ix)ughlin, I'atrick, Sandymount Castle— Ilandy- 

UJili. 



M'Mahon, John J.. 113 Mid. Abbey St.— Property 

master 
McNamara, John, 114 Main street, Bray— Draper's 

assistant. 
Meagher, Michael, 27 Sandwith place— Carpenter. 
Meagher, Patk., 27 Sandwith terrace— Joiner. 
Miller, Geo.. Booterstown avenue. Willow Park- 
Groundsman. 
Moriarty, Denis, 11 Heytesbury street — Baker. 
Mullaly, Joseph, 38^ Talbot street— Grocer's asst. 
Murphy, Peter, 32 Trospect avenue, Glasnevia— 

Labourer. 
Murphy, John, 4 Lr. Leeson street— Baker and 

confectioner. 
Murphy, Jas., 248 Mouutpleasant Buildings- 
Labourer. 
Murray, Joseph, 3 Hamilton row— Labourer. 
Mm ray, Frank, Verbina House. Drumcondra — 

Student. 
Murray, Chris., 13 Waterford street— Porter. 
Martin, Joseph, 49 Heytesbury street— Brass fitter. 
M 'Bride, Patk., 12 Boyne street— Messenger. 
M'Cabe, Wm., 58 Lr. Dominick streets-Smith's 

helper. 
M'Carthy, Michael, 16 Annavilla avenue, Ranelagh 

—Painter. 
McDermott, Owen, Artane village— Carpenter. 
M'Dowell, Cecil, 1 Prospect place— Architect. 
M'Mahon. John. 5 Sandwith street— Clerk. 
Mollov, Joseph, 2 Palace street— Dockyard labourer. 
Murphy, Wm., 35 Sth William st.— Coat maker. 
Murphy, Charles, 7 Albert nlace. E.— Clerk. 
Murray, JaS., 24 Michael's lane— Carter. 
Navin, Michael R.. 13 Seaforth avenue, Sandy- 
mount — Porter. 
Nolan, Patrick, 171 Townsend street— Wheelwright. 
Nolan Peter, 2 Turner's Cottages, Ballsbridse— 

Tram Coy. 
O'Brien, Tim, 3 Charleville road— Teacher. 
O'Brien. Patk. V., 43 Lombard st.. W.— Corporation 

employe. 
O'Brien, Peter, 8 Duke's lane— Cabinet-maker. 
O'Ryrne. Wm., 6 Seaforth avenue— Van driver. 
O'Byrne", Thos., 6 Seaforth avenue— Motor driver. 
O'Connor, Joseph, 11 Tlarty place— Clerk. 
O'Connor. Joseph, 7 Rathmines terrace— Provision 

assistant 
O'Connor, Thos., 14 Adelaide road, Sandyeove— 

Plumber. 
O'Connor. AIL. 82 Lr. Gnrdiier «it.— Junior clerk. 
O'Donagh'ie, Thos., 19 En Sheriff street— Clerk, 
O'Dnffv. James P., 1^2 Pathnames road— Clerk. 
O'Gradv. Anthony. 33b Nicholas street— Draper's 

porter. 
O'TTanlon. John. 12 Queen's sim re— Caretaker. 
O'learv, Arthur Homestead. Cabra— Caretaker. 
O'Malley Chris., 1 Lr Rockingham st -Clerk. 
O'Mara Peter. 46 John Dillon street— Rook maker 
window dresser. 

Patk:.6Lr. St. Cnlumha's rd — « S clerk. 
Andrew. 107 P^ilwav street— Porter. 
My. Chris, 12 Sandwith place— La wy°r 
illy P°fk. 95 Townsend street— Grocer's a«H 
Ri'-hard. 13 Cardiff lane. South Wall- 
Messenger. 

>, Thos.. 169 Parnell street— Lahourer. 
cr -Tames. 44 John Dillon street— Tailor. 
[.;■ Wm.. 51-6 Conioration lliiildings— Labourer 
in. Patk., 81 Marlborough street— Yardman. 
Owen, 21 Warrenmoiint place— Upholsterer. 
Patk.. 62 Gt. Brunswick street— Workman. 

Philip, 82 Lr. Gardiner st.— Canvasser. 
Thos., 2 Adelaide place— Labourer. 
John, 26 Hanover street E.— Assistant. 
Rafierty. Thos., 59 Duffcrin ave., S.C.R. — Carpen- 
ter. 
Reilly, James, 33 Summerhlil — Carter. 
Reilly,' Robt., 24 Upper Gloucester place — Carrier. 
Ribton, Thos., 21 Delahunty's Buildings— Porter. 
Robinson, Thos., 2 Park View, Ashtown— Clerk. 
Rowle/. Wm., 24 Bath avenue, Ringscnd road- 
Painter. 
Ryan Cornelius. 42 Castle sf.— General worker. 
p'van' John, 43 Patrick St.. Kingstown— Van driver. 
Ryan, John, 74 Parnell st. — Barman. 
Scully, Thos., 7 Pitt street — Seaman. 
Shelly, John, 3 Waterford street — Rulloekman. 
Slack, Patk., 4 Young's Collages — Labourer. 
Smith, Albert, 3 Charlewont Mall, 1'ortobcllo— 
Porter. 



and 
O'Monre. 
O'NoiU. 



0'R< 

O'Pi 
Pari 



Pender 
Phelan 

Porter, 
Power. 
Purcell 
Quinn, 
Ouinn, 



77 



Tannan, Michael A., rear 3 Wilton terr., Dublin 

—Clerk. 
Tevercuse, Patk., 17 Lower Gardiner street— Black- 
smith. 
Thaeka berry, Wm„ 1 Cbarlgrove terr., S.C.R. — 

Baker. 
Timbrenan, Tobias, Ballagh, Monastercvan. 
Tobin, Patk., 4 Cottage place — Labourer . 
Tobin, Martin, 7 Alain St., Bluckroek — Grocer's 

assistant. 
Trayner, Thos.. 20 Synnott place— Boot maker. 
Treuey. Jas., 10 Tramway terrace, Sandymount — 

Tram conductor. 
Tully, William. 18 Upper Gloucester place — 

Labourer. 
Tully. Geo., 18 Upper Gloucester place — Filer. 
Turner, Frank. 10 Suinmerhill — Machinist. 
Turner, Joseph. 10 Sumrrrcrhill — Concreter. 
Tyrell. Jas.. 77 Upper George's St.. Kingstown — 

Electrician 
Walker. John. 6 rigcon House rond — Labourer. 
Wail, Michael P., 5 Eldpn terr.— Stone-cutter. 
Wall. Wm,, 3 Eldon terr. — Marble polisher. 
Wal)x>le. Leo., 3 Ranelagh rond — Tailor. 
AValsh, Richard, 22 Lr. Kevin st.— Baker. 
Walsh, Colman, 95 Talbot st.— Tailor. 
Ward, Balk., 81 Bath avenue— Van driver. 
Waters, Jas., 8 E. James st. — Labourer. 
Welch, Jas.. 12 Turner's Cottages, Ballsbridge — 

Coal merchant. 
Williams, l'atk., 25 Stafford street— Labourer, 

Corporal ion. 
Woodcock, Wm., 16 Lr. Grand Canal st.— Case 

maker. 

List from Kilmalnfcam. 

Allen George, Boys' TTome. Abbey street 

Arnold. James, 47 Dolphin's Barn street, Dublin. 

Barry. Joseph, 32 Parliament street. 

Breen Patrick. 16 litzwilliam lane. 

Buckley. J.. High street, Cork— Draper's assistant. 

Parke 'Michael. 8 Basin lane. 

15>rne James, 49 Albion terrace. 

Byrne" Joseph. 10 Braithwaite street. 

Carter. John, 13 Denzille slreet. Merrion square. 

Clarke, James, 72 Middle Abbey street. 

Condron. William. 3 MuMins terr., Grove road 

Coney Patk. J , 1 Springfield terr. Dolphin's Barn. 

Cooney William. 17 Prebend street. 

Cooper, John. 43 Lanark street. 

Cullen,' Thomas. 26 Lauderdale (err. New Row. 

Cullen.' William, 3 St. Joseph's terr., Philipsburg Av. 

Cu'len, Michael. 37 High street. 

Cunningham, Palk . 3 High street. 

Cunningham, John. 3 High street. 

Darby, Charles 8 West Essex street. 

Darcv. John, 15 TyrcomiPl street. Inchicore. 

Dariicy. John E., 9 Clonlifle avenue. 

howling, Michael. Buckingham place. 

Dovle, Thomas, 1 Queen's lane. 

Dov'e, William 23 N Frederick street. 

Puff v. James, 202 Ph-'hsborough road. 

Pugiran. Edward. Hallvheada. Ballinhassig, Cork. 

Dunne. Frank, 1 Clonmore road. 

Far-Fell. Joseph. 11 Prebend street. 

Farreli.v, James, 26 Paruell street. 

Fairington, Leo, Boys' Home, Abbey street. 

Filey, Matthew. 70 Rialto Buildings. 

Fitzpatrick, Thos., 2a Bride street. 

Fitzpatrick, Martin, 92 Emmet road. 

Gibson, Edward, 31 St. Michael's terr., Blackpitta. 

Giffuey, Michael, 10 Seville place Cottages. 

Gdgan, John. 194 ETathgar road. 

Halpin, Joseph, 7 St. Joseph's parade. 

Halpin, James Francis, 3 Goldsmith street. 

Humphreys, Richard, 54 Northumberland road. 

Kellv, Daniel, 2a Bride street. 

Kelly, Michael Joseph, 1 Bailey's row, Snmmerhill. 

Kelly, Thomas', 13 St. Augustine street. 

Felly, Patk. Bealan. 29 Cabra Park, Dublin. 

Kenny, Joseph, 160 Phibsborongh road. 

King Leo, 4 Sackville Gardens. 

Lambert, Thomas, Old Bridge House, Milltown. 

Larkin. John, 160 PhibsboroiiEh road. 

Leeson, John, Hackett's Court. Capel street. 

J.rnnon, Michael John, 6 IxingwoorJ avenue. 

Lyndon, Patrick, 15 Eta il way street, 

Lynch, James, 2 Coram sire**, S.C.R-. 



Macken, Aloysius. 44 Mount.ioy square. 

Magee. George, 40 Corn Market. 

Magnire. John. 86 Capel street. 

Manning, Michael, 5 Thomas Davis street, Golden 

Bridge. 
McGilT, Edmund, 5 Phibsborongh place. 
McMahon, Dan. Joseph, 2 Richmond row, Portobello. 
Moore,, Batk., 16 St. Joseph's sq., Vernon ave., 

C'ontarf. 
Moore, Peter, 5 Lower Gloucester street. 
Morgan, Henry, 14 Henrietta street. 
Moroney, Thomas, 18 Werbnrgh street. 
Murphy, Joseph, Donoghue street. 
Murphy; Thomas, 26 Ring's terrace. 
Newman, John. Marine Lod^e, Fairview. 
Nolan. John, 13 Upper Mayor street. 
Norries, David Henry, Memorial Hall, Londonderry 
Nugent, Michael, 77 Angel street. 
O'Brien. Stephen, 3 Tivoli avenue. 
O'Connell. Edward. 8 Corn Market. 
O'Connor Patk. Main street. Rathfarnham— Draper 
O'Kellv. John, 32 Connaught street. 
Kelly, Frank. 10 Castlewood place, Rathminea. 
O'Neill, George. 9 York Villas. 
O'Reilly, John, 43 Geraldinc street. 
O'Toole, William, 31 Lower Erne street. 
Parker, George, 10 R"nt!and square. 
Plielan, Thomas. 160 Phibsborongh road. 
Oiiinn. Hugh. 41 Rlessington street. 
Rowman, William, 77 Angel street. 
Sard, Juntas, 37 Park View terr.. Brookfield road. 
Stables', Michael. 63 Murtagh road. 
Sfritch. James, Si Mountiov street. 
Sweeney. M'i-h.el. 5 Harold's Crocs. 
Tallon,' Jo"A> Brana Villas 2 N Richmond st. 
Wall. Th.'JTs 31 Liffey street. 
W'helan, Patk., 1 Lr. Sherrard street. 
W'helan, John, James's street Warehouse 

List from Arbour Hill. 

Reggs, Joseph, Th<» Square Skerries— T ' : - ,, * T iongev. 

Bpi.i- .To'in. 4 Swift's row— Sheet metal worker. 

Cadden. Matthew, J., 22 Gt. Ship st,. Dublin— Tailor 

Corcoran. Patk., 42 Waterford St.— Asst. dentist. 

Cusack, John, 32 Dargle road, Drumcoudra — Car- 
penter. 

Da'v. James. Cluny, Clontarf— Fitter and turner. 

fVrham. Rbt., Hoar Rock. Skerries— Motor mehanic 

Dunne. Patk.. 35 Vicar slreet, Dublin— Driver. 

Du Bonrdieu, Arthur, 50 Park ave., Sandy mount — 
Asst. Supt. Tel., G.P.O 

Farrr'i John, 60 Up. Domiuick st., Dublin— 
Chaul'i'.ur. 

Fitzgerald, Leo, 173 Gt. Brunswick st.— Painter. 

Fitzgerald, Thomas, 173 Gt. Brunswick St.— Painter, 

Fitzgerald, James, 173 Gt. Brunswick st.— Painter. 

Gauly, William, Balliiiiiliam, Skerries — Farmer. 

Gibbons, Pete-, Ballingham, Skerries — Farmer. 

Gibson, James, 115 James's street — Labourer. 

Gibson, Denis, 115 James's street — Porter. 

Griffiths, Nicholas, 32 Benburb St.— Shop assistant. 

Griffiths, Patrick, 32 Benbnrb st.— Shop assistant. 

Griffiths, William, 52 Benburb st., Dublin— Motor 
mechanic. 

Hand, Thomas, Milverton. Skerries — Traveller. 

Jenkinson, Wm., 37 Up. Gardiner street— Labourer. 

Jordan, Patk., 34 Usher's quay— Labourer. 

Keane, Peter, Strand street. Skerries — Teacher. 

Keogh. Patk., 115 James's streetr— Baker. 

Kilmartin, Patk., 24 Stoney batter, Dublin— Shop- 
keeper. 

Lacey. Michael, Strifelnnd. Balbriggan— Blacksimfh 

Leggett. Rbt., 3 Hardwicke pi.. Dublin— Painter. 

Lynch, James, 4 Prussia lane— Labourer. 

Maguire, Denis, Strifeland, Balbriggan— Farmer. 

Ma'Miire, Thilip, 36 Thomas street — Labourer. 

McCarthy, D., Blessington st.. Coach builder. 

McCormack, Peter, 92 Lr. Dorset st., Dublin— Vaa« 
man. 

McDermott, Patk.. Dmmcliff. Co. Sligo— Labourer. 

McDonald. Joseph, 115 James's street— Labourer. 

McGuinness, Joseph, Cross st.. Skerries— Bootmaker 

Mcllugh, William, 115 James's street — Labourer. 

McHugh, Miles, 115 James's street^Labourer. 

AlcIIuo-h, Edward, 115 James's street — Messenger. 

Mcllugh, Patk., 115 James's street — Messenger! 

Moore, J. Win. 26 Stoney batter. Dublin-Traveller. 

ilonm, John, Phccuix Hill— Clerk, 



78 



Munster, Thomas. 121 Chord road, Drogheda— 
Chauffeur. 

Oglesby, Joseph, 12 St. George's place— Labourer. 

OToole, John, 115 James's street— Labourer. 

O'Reilly. Thomas, North Bank, Skerries— Baker. 

K'eiily, John, 80 Delahunt.v's Building's Dublin— 
Plumber's assistant. 

Reynolds, Henry, Balbriggan st., Skerries— Ware- 
houseman. 

Ryan, Michael, 115 James's street— Labourer. 

Sbanley, Michael, Hoar Rock, Skerries— Vanman. 

Sheridan, John, 91 St. Ignatius road, Dublin — 
Grocer's assistant. 

Sherlock, John, Town Park. Skerries— Labourer. 

Shiels, Joseph, Cross street, Skerries— Clerk. 

Tallon, -lames, 2 Brana Villas, N. Richmond st.— 
Clerk. 

Tarpey, Patk., 7 Inns quay— Clerk. 

VVhelau, Daniel, 20 Middle Gardiner st.— Carpenter. 

203 TO STAFFORD ON 8th MAY. 

The following list of 203 prisoners who 
were removed from Richmond Barracks, 
Dublin, on the 8th May, 1916, and lodged 
in Stafford Detention Barracks on 9th May, 
1916, was issued on Sunday, 14th May: — 

Allen, A., 3 Castle street, Enniscorthy. 

Alexander, W., 4 Brookfield avenue, Blaekrork. 

Barnes, J., St. James's Park, Falls road, Belfast. 

Barrett, J., 13 Dublin street, Diindalk. 

Black, E., 1 Hospital lane, Enniscorthy. 

Roland, C. 11 Upper Abbey street. 

Royne, W., 50 Irish street, Enniscorthy. 

Brandon. J., 45 Temple road, Blaekrork, Co. Dublin. 

Byrne. J., 19 Island road, Enniscorthy. 

Byrne, P., Island road, Enniscorthy 

Byrne, J., 117 I.r. Georgc'cs street, , Kingstown. 

Bullin, E., Derrinlough House, Birr. 

Cahill, M., Shannon II ill, Enniscorthy 

Carney, F J-, 24 Cadogan road, Fa'rview. 

Carolan. M., 80 Chief street. Belfast. 

Carroll J., 27 Irish street, Enniscorthy, 

Carty. M., 1 Slancv street, Enniscorthy. 

Casey P., Castletown road, Dundalk. 

Chanman, T., Busherstown, Ballynetty. Co. Wexford 

Chapman, P., Busherstown. Ballynetty, Co Wexfoid 

Colsau, P., 23 Leinste.r Cottaire, do. 

Clear T., 5"' Agincourl avenue, Belfast. 

Coady, J., Irish street, Enniscorthy. 

Coady, P.. Irish street, Enniscorthy. 

Coady, J., 21 Irish street. Enniscorthy. 

Cordon. J., River road Cottages, CastleUnocK. 

Connor j\l., John street, Enniscorthy 

Connors, P , Hospital lane, Enniscorthy. 

Connolly, M., 58 Lower Gloucester street. Dublin. 

Conway. J., do. 

Corish, R., 35 William street, Wexford 

Courtney, C. 5 New Eutiiscptthy. Co Wexford 

Courtney, J., Ross road, Enniscorthy. 

Courtney, W., Ross road. Enuisconhy. 

Collen, T., Oibhcrpalrick. Co Wexford. 

Culleo, M , Ko^s road, Enniscorthy. 

Cnllen, J., 6 Court, street. Enniscorthy 

Cummins, M., 49 South Gt. George's street. 

Dairy, P., 27 Upper Abbey street. 

Darcy, P., Woodsidc, Dalkey. 

Davis, M., Lower Church street, Enniscorthy. 

Derham, M., 2 St. Joseph street. Synnot place. 

Devcreux, T., Oeaiieastle, Bannow. Co. Wexford. 

Devitt, B., 47 St. Mary's road, North Wall. 

Dohcrtv, J., Tramway Cottages, Sandy mount. 

Donoghue, J., Ross road, Enniscorthy. 

Donnelly, N., 31 Templeshatinon, Enniscorthy. 

Doiin, I)., 5 Hill View terrace, Enniscorthy. 

I) jody, P , 66 Jervis .street. 

R&olan, J., 3a John street. Enniscorthy. 

Doyle, T , Lower Church street,, Enniscorthy. 

Doyle, P. J., Temple Shannon, Enniscorthy. 

A. (jun.), Shannon Hill, Enniscorthy. 
Doyle, R.. 66 Irish street, Enniscorthy. 
Dovio, T., Shannon II ill, Enniscorthy 
Doyic, a., Shannon Hill, Enniscorthy. 
])., BoiiTCiien, J„ 50 Parte avenue, Sandy mount. 
Rwyer, J., llospital lane, Enniscorthy 
Elicit, L.. 2 Eillou terrace, PhibwUuuugh. 



Ennis. M., Tnmalassat, Enniscorthy. 

Funis, M., Ballinkeel, Co Wexford. 

Farnon, L„ 10 Hollybrook roid. Clonta'f 

Farrell, II , Somerset street, Ballsbridere. H M ex- 
Launch 125. c/o Coastguard Office, Queeu*- 
town. 

Fielding, T., Seaview, Barntown, Co. Wexford. 

Finn, E., 27 Brook field, Black rock. 

Fitzharris, J., Clonafton, Enirsroi'thy. 

Fitzpat.rirk, P.. 15 Court street, Enniscorthy. 

Fitzpatrick M., 66 Bride street. 

Fortune, F., 55 Marlljorougb street. 

Fortune. W.. 5 Slaney place, Enniscorthy. 

Fox, B., Brookfield avenue. Elaekrock. 

Fox T, Miin street, Maryborough 

Franklin. J., 60 St John street. Enniscorthy. 

Franklin, M , St John street, Enniscorthy 

Furloncr J., Barer Common, Clear istown. Co. Wex- 
ford 

Oahin. W., Duffrcy street. Enniscorthy 

Garrett, J., Temple Shannon, Enniscorthy 

Gascoigne. -I . 74 Brook fie Id Buildings, BlackrocJt, 
Co. Dublin 

C.oodall, J., Maudlins Folly. Enniscorthy 

Gorman, W., 3 t'rban Council terrace, Fnniscnrthj 
(home address. 12 Yergemouut, Clouskeago, 
Co. Dublin). 

ITayes. T. J., 6 Court street, Enniscorthy. 

Hayes, T. 7 Court, street, Enniscorthy, 

Heft'ernan, M., ftlyra Lodge, Inchnore 

Hegarty. J , 11 Eden terrace, Kingstown. 

Hendrick, W.; 2 New street Eiinisrorthy 

Rickey. B , Grove View. Stillo'iiau 

Holbroke, XL, T'Triplesh union. Eiinisrorthy. 

Holmes. D, 17 Railway streel, Dublin. 

Ilutcliin. W, 117 Lpper Abltf-y strt-t-t. 

Ilvlarid, .1 . 1 1 Lower Bridue street. 

Hatpin, P., Burn's row, Dundalk. 

Haves, J., Bridgeton, Co. Wexford. 

Iloran. M.. 2 Anglesey avenue, Blaekrork 

Irwin, C. J., Kilcannon House. Enniscorthy. 

Jordan. J., 11 New street, Enniecoi thy. 

Kane, C, 145 Townsend street. 

Kavanagh. P., 35 John street. Enniscorthy. 

Kavanasfh, M (astleconnor, Ralfina. 

Kavanagh, J„ Gibberwell, Duiirormirk, Co. Wexford 

Keegan, P., 10 Irish street, Enniscorthy. 

Kecffe, P., Hospital lane. Enniseorthv. 

Bntlybough. Bridgetown, Wexford. 
triversdaie, Enniscorthy. 



Keho 
Kehoe, P. 
Keboe, J. 
Krh te, P. 
Kelly, M. 
Keilv. P.. 
Keogh, P. 
KiiiQ-arroff 

Co. 
I neev .1 
[aeey. J 
Masuire, 
M ago ire, 
M«her -l . 
Maher, n 
Maher, T 



Pairnaireree, 
Skewer pirk 
Corduff, do. 
S'nuev st-et. 

15 Po'pti: 



Cirri. 



iiiscorthy. 

town, Co. 



Wexford. 



F"tiiscorttu 
Barn street. 



Mev. 



f. T., Olaremorris, Co. Mayo (Dunmora 
Gal way). 
Shannon Tf ill. Enniscorthy. 
Temple Shannon. Eiinisrorthy. 
J , C"w Hill, Muvnooth. 
M., Crew Hill, Minnonih, Co. Kildare. 
1Q Cross avenue Kingstown. 
29 I ona'ford avenue. S.C R 
33 Inland rn'<d.. Enniscorthy. 
71 Summerhill, Dublin. 
, Ma.vooth Co Kildare. 
21 Summerhill. 
, Gibberpa trick, Co. Wexford. 

George street, Enniscorthy. 
Victoria lane, Botanic avennA 



Mardock, W , Oil 
M'Carthy, T., 17 
M'Gowan, J.; 3 
Drnmcondra 
M'Macken, B., 80 Cliief street, Belfast. 
place, Co. Wexford. 
Forest, Cloughran 



Moran, J„ I'iory 
Moran, P., Little 
Moran, T„ Johnstown, Duucormick, Co. Wexford. 
Moran, M.. I'iory place, Co. Wexford. 
Moran, J., Church street, Enniscorthy. 
Murpny, P., Lower Church street, Enniscorthy. 
Murphy, J., 4 Main street, Enniscorthy. 
Murphy, P., 14 New street, Enniscorthy. 
Murphy, J., Old Hall Bridge Town, Co. Wexford. 
Murphy, W., 2 New Range, Enniscorthy. 
Murpliv, .1 .. 15 Ross road, Enniscorthy. 
Murphy, P., 31 Templeshannon, Enniscorthy. 
Murray, 15.. 2H Ross road, Enniscorthy. 
Nash, P., 52 Gibson street, Belfast. 
Neill J., Hospital lane, Enniscorthy. 
Nolan, M., 3 Hospital lane, Enniscorthy. 
O'Brien, J , *n Dish street, Enniscorthy. 
OBiiji U.« 4 8 Irish street, Enniscorthy. 



79 



O'Brien, M.. Hospital lane, Enniscorthy. 

O'Connell, R., 9 Main street, Blackrock. 

O'Connor, D., 11 Main street Enniscorthy. 

O Donoghue. II., 12 J.eesoii Park. 

O DriscoII, R., Ashtown. 

O'Hara P., 4 Swift row. 

O'Kane, J„ 4 Divis Drive, Falls road, Belfast. 

O Kecgan, T., Irish street, Enniscorthy. 

O Leary, P., 36 East Essex street. 

O Neil!. J., Fiory Hill, Enniscorthv. 

O Neill, M., 8 Irish street, Enniscorthy. 

O Reilly, J., Temple Shannon. Enniscorthy. 

O Re illy, J., Bruce, Clonevin, Gorey. 

O Shea, J., Knocktophcr, Tonistown, Co. Kilkenny. 

Osborne, II., 69 Smithiield Belfast. 

Parker. T., 12 Hollaf row. Dublin (Pte. 2nd LeioS 
ter Regiment). 

Reddin, G. M., Rockfield, Artane. 

Reddin, K., Rorkli'eld, Artane. 

Reddin, T., Rockiield, Artane. 

Redmond, E., 15 Court street, Enniscorthy. 

Rcinhardt, VV. J., 12 Bolton street. 

Reynolds, P., 16 Clonmore road, Ballybough. 

Eijrl^j. P 10 Court street, Enniscorthy 

Rinar, P., 6 Sackville Gardens, Ballvlwngh road. 

Robinson, J.. 10 Robson street, Glasgow. 

Ropers, M.. Hermitage Lodsie, Rathfarnham. 
Ros^ter J., 62 St. Julin street. Enniscorthy. 
Rovce, W., 6 Slanev street. Enniscorthy. 
Ruth, VV., 72 John street, Enniscorthy. 

Ryan, P., Colliustowti, Cloghran. 
Sharkey. T., 7 Dublin street. Dnndalk. 
Sheeh m, P., 28 Irish street, Enniscorthy. 
Shcrwin, P., New Hag'-iard, Lusk. 
Shiel, M , 30 Slanev street Enniscorthy. 
Simott. J., 8 Main street. Enniscorthy. 
Sinnott. 1. D., 21 Slanev place, Enniscorthy. 
Smyth, P., 3 Castle street, Enniscorthv. 
Stafford. W., Cools Buruton. Co. Wexford 
Stafford, T., Cools Barnton, Co. Wexford. 
Stafford. J., Scarmill, Duncormiek. Co. Wexford. 
Stokes. T., II Duffy street. Enniscorthy. 
Synnott, J., 7 G rattan terrace, Wexford. 
Thorpe. W., Shannon Hill, Enniscorthy. 
Thome, VV'., Shannon Hill. Enniscorthy. 
Treanor. T., Island View Cottasre. Enniscorthy. 
Tumbleton, P.. Marv street, T^nniworthy. 
Tyrell, P., 10 Dnffrey Hill. Enniscorthy. 
Walker, J., 37 Addison road Fairview. 
Walker, M., 37 Addison road. Fairview. 
Walsh. J., 29 Connibe street. Dublin. 
Walter. J. J.. Maxwell terrace. Dundalk. 
Welsh, P.. Old Church. Enniscorthy, Co. Wexford. 
Whelan, J., lo New street. Enniscorthy. 
Whelnn, J., .lobn street, Enniscorthy. 
White. M.. Ca^t'e strict. Enniscorthy 
"Williams TI., 72 Cadogun road. Fairview 
Wilson. M., 48 N. Gt. George's st. (2 Nth. Kint? 

St., Dublin). 
Wilson, .1., 2 Hospital Inn**. Enniscorthy. 
Wilson. R., Hospital lane, Enniscorthy. 

197 TO WANDSWORTH ON 9th MAY. 

The following list of 197 prisoners wW ".fn 
removed from Richmond Barracks, Di-olin. 
511 May 8th, and lodged in Wandsworth De- 
tention Barracks, London, on May 9th, wai 
issued on Monday, 15th May :— 

V-mos, George. 21 Chapel street, Alhlone. 

Vrmstrong, James, Gal bally. 

.iarnes. Michael, Ferns, Co. Wexford. 

Sanies. Thomas, Ferns, Co. Wexford. 

Jovan, Joseph, 58 Lower Dnniinick street. 

Soland, VVm., 8 Sackville place. 

*oylan, Edward, Dunbo.vne, Co. Mealh. 

loylan, Peter John, and Joseph, same address. 

Jrncken. Joseph, 106 St. Lawrence road. Dublin. 

*rady, Christopher, 32 1 Foley street. 

Jreen, Miles, Finnish Rule. Co. Wexford. 

Jrecn, Joseph. Finnish Rule, Co. Wexford. 

Ireunan, Mathew, Camolin Co. Wcxlotd. 

ircslin, James Francis, Ferns 

Srown. Arthur. 9 Chapel av., Irishtown, Di-'-**^». 

lurke. Thomas. 92 Duleek street. DmirhcJ*. 

turke Wm U8 : .P.inicll. street. Dublin 

luike, Jon,n, 33 Rica Mond street, D***;.!. 

lurke, V<fc., Skebaru, Petci'a Well. Gahvay. 



Burke, John, Catherine, Kenvare Dublin (P). 
Byrne, Wm.. 437 N.C. road, Dublin. 
Byrne, John. 62 Meath street, Dublin. 
Byrne, John Gorey avenue, Gorey. 
Carberry, Charles, 61 Donaghmore, Co. Tyrone. 
Lair. Joseph, Blackbull, Drogheda. 
Casidy, Pairick, Mullingar. 

Carter, James, Charleville Gardens, Shanballa. Gal- 
Coghlan, Wm., 81 Charlemont street, Dublin 
Collins, Maurice, 230 Clonliffe road. Dublin 
Collln c?u M'^hae 1 . 2 3 Leigh st.. Attcliffe Common, 
Sheffield. 

Cooiey, Patrick, Tonroe, Oranmore. Galwav 
Condon, lhomas, Cloonana, Ashbourne, Meath. 

Connelly, Joseph, Fire Station, Tara St., Dublin 
Connors. John. Kilthomas, Ferns, Co Wexford" 
Conroy, Edward, Brenloughane, Galwav 
Cornese ,I\ J De Courcy square, Glasnevin 
Cullen, Alexander, Fernbank, Dundrum, Co Dublin 
Cummins, Joseph, Coldwood, Athenry 
Cunningham, John, Campfield. Dundnim.Co Dublin 
Daly, James, 9 Vance's Buildings, Bishop st., Dublia 
Derham, Joseph, 26 North Frederick st., Dublia 
Donpghue, Daniel, 15 Dunore avenue Dublin 

I oy e, Patrick, 41 Lr Camden street, Dublin' 
Do.ve, Henry, 104 South l.otts road, Ringsend 
Doyle, Michael, Crawnlord, Gorey. 

Doyle, James, Ferns. 

Duff, Thomas, Swords, Co. Dublin 

Duke. Thomas St. Margaret's, Co. Dublin 

Duke Richard same address. 

Dunbar, Martin, Castle place, Ferns 

Dunleary. Christopher. 21 Gray street. Dublin. 

Evans, Robert, 22 Harold's Cross Dublin 

Fahy. Patrick J., Kinvara, Galway 

Earley, P. J.. Swords, Dublin. 

Farrell, Derus, 7 Miller place, Rutland st., Dublin. 

Farrelly. James, Railway terrace Ardee. 

Imnigan, Joseph, 1 Peter street, Dro»heda 

VOX, Peter, Carrickmore. Tyrone 

Flannigan, Thomas, Merchants road, Galway 

Flynn, Frank. 181 N.C. road. Dublin 

Hvnn, John, 103 Gt. Brunswick st , Dublin 

Fuge. Joseph, Kilbride, Courtovvn Harbour, Wexford. 

Fuller, John, Williamara. Gahvay 

Gahan, Joseph. 19 Nicholas strict Dublin 

Oalyin, .Dimes, 18 Blare's lane, Watcrford 

Gaskin, Thos., 55 Reuben ave., S.C. road Publin 

Gaynor, Patrick, 4 Portobello square, Dublin 

Geoghegan K. 29 Longwood av., S C. rd.. Dublin, 

Gleeson, Martin. 22 Harold's Cross, Dublin 

Glynn, John, Duras, Kinvara, Galway. 

Golding, Francis. 6 Vincent street, Dublin 

Golding, Thomas. 6 Vincent street, Dubiiu. 

Golding James, 6 Vincent street, Dublin 

Grogan, James, Tromague, Carrickmore Tyone 

Haipin, 'J'homas, 2 Stockwell lane, Droshrda 

Hampton, James, 18 Mary's Abbey, Dnnbe 

Hanbiiry I'. Donrrora. Kinvara. Co Galtray. 

Hanlon Michael, Crushnr, Kinvara, Co. Ga»av 

Jlannigan Thos., 19 Great Western sq., N.C. road. 

Ifardiman. Francis. Town Hall, Galway. 

Hart, Henry, Dnnsannoh. Tyrone. 

II ask in, Michael, "Drogheda Advertiser" Offire. 
Hastings, John, 28 Magdalen street, Drnjrrjecfa! 
Hogan, Patrick, Alain street, Gorey. Co Wexford. 
Hogari, Patrick, 53 Clonliffe road, Dublin. 

, Hogan, William, 111 ['.p. Lecson street, Dublin 

JIowU.v, Peter, Lime Park, Petcrsweil. Galway. 

Hughesi VViltiam, Donaghmore. Tyrone. 

Hi.mphreyS, James, Moore st., Dublin (49 Praed st.)' 

H.vnch, John. Ferns Co. Wexford. 

Jt.vnes. Thomas, Cranmore Court, Galway. 

Kain, Thos., 11 Arran quay, Dublin. 
, Kavanagh, John (or Michel) Ferns, Co Wexford. 

Knvanagh. J. J., 3 Sth. Prince's street, Dublin. " 

Kavanugh, Wm., Ferns, Co. Wexford 

Kecnan, Ml., 63 Beamore road Drogheaa. 

K(;lly, Joseph, 11 Upper Dominick street, Dublin. 

Kelly, Thos. Charlemoimt. DunGranhon, Co Tjroua, 

Kelly, Peter. Swords Co. Dublin 

Kellv Alderman , J. J. (since released). 

Kenny, Moses. 65 Main street. Gorey. 

Kent, Mathew P.a Uvea rev. Kvrus. Co WexforcL 

Keogh, Michael, ;8 S.vngp street. Dublin 

Kilkellv, Michael, Tftrru.-A F-maird (.1 Oalwiy. 

Kilkelly, Patritli., To,w,n£ .auaird (o Galwav, 

Kitfsella, UcIk-K, Perns "Jo Wexford 

Kirwan, I nr^ iS. ai. Shjp street. Dublin. 

D f 



80 



Leech Stephen, Lougheurra. Kinvara, Co. Gahvay. 
] 0"iie Edward. 21 Usher's quay, Dublin. 
Lyons' Chns., 14 Portland place, Drumcondra. 
Lynch, John, 5 St. Joseph's terr., N.C. road, Dublin. 
~,*£hum Chris., Dunboyne, Co. Meath. 
I'annion, John, 60 Gantry. Curraghwell. Co. Galway 
M«*hews Thos., Moorhall, Ardee, Louth. 
Mathews' John, 22 Eugene street, Dublin. 
MeUduff', Jas., Aughrogan, Carrickmore, Tyrone. 
MeCann, Andrew, Caskinera, Gorey. 
McDonagh, m, George street Gorey. _ 
McDonald Edward, Kilhorea, Camohn, Co. Wexford. 
McFlvcue Jas., Donoghmore. Co, Tyrone. 
McElvo°ne! John, Dungannon. Co. Tyrone. 
McGill ^William, Barrack st., Dunmore. Co. Galway< 
McGra'nei Thos.. Seatown, Dundalk. 
McGuire James. 26 Prieslon road, Dublin. 
SteCuirk', Patrick. Crevagh, Lr. Garland, Dungannon 
McManus Win, 55 Marlborough street, Dublin. 
HcTa"" , aft, Thos., 13 Church street. Dundalk. 
MoUov°John, 111 Upper Leeson street, Dublin. 
Moran.' Chris., Swords. _ 

Moroney John 33 Sth. Richmond street, Dublin. 
i\l ul'all.v ' Michael, Cottage pi-. Belvedere, Dublin, 
jlurphy' Patrick, 7 Mark's alley, Dublin. 
Murphy, James, Ferns. Co. Wexford. 
Murphy, Mathew, Ferns, Co. Wexford. 
Murphy Patrick, Ferns, Co. Wexford. 
Murray Patrick, Chapel lane, Dublin. 
Kcison Thomas. 40 Gardiner's lane, Dublin. 
Nictioll's, Geo., 2 University road. Galway. 
Kor°rove, Alfred, 15 Strandville avenue, Dublin. 
Nugent, Chris., Swords. 
O'Rrien, Wm. 11 Leinster avenue, Dublin. 
O'Brien, Jas., Morris Castle, Kilmuckridsre. Gorcy. 
O'Brien' William, 10 Anna Villa. Ranelagh, Dublin. 
O'Fyrne John, Cooleshall House, Gorey 
O'Connor, Thos. Jos., Saggart, Co. Dublin. • 
O'Dwver, Jas.. 20 Rutland Cottages, Dublin. 
b'Grady, Standish. 5 Wilton nlace, Dublin. 
O'llehir, Michael. 31 Little Strand street, Dublin. 
O'Leary, Philip. 4 Middle Gardiner street, Dublin 
•O'Learv Cornelius, Costello Co Galway. 
O'Maille Patrick, Maam, Co. Galway. 
O'Reilly John N-, 181 North Circular road. 
O' Will", 'John, 111 Upper Leeson street. 
O'Neill Peter, St. Michael's place. Gorey. 
O'Reillv Kevin. 181 North Circular road. 
O'Rourke Michael, Mnree, Oranmore. Co. Galway. 
Piirncll. Matthew. 38 Snsanville road Dublin. 
Pedlar,' Wm., 27 Brookfield terrace, Dublin. 
Pnole John 50 Marlhoronsrh street. Dublin. 
Oui"'li'.v James County Surveyor. Navan. 
Ouinn' Wm.. Caheravon, Kinvara, Co. f!a)way. 
Ouinn James Camolin Park. Wexford. 
Redmond, Joseph. 28 NUi. Frederick street. 
Redmond Owen Ferns, Co. Wexford. 
Rilev Thos.. Tvv Cottasre. The Ward, Dublin. 
ppnavne Michael. Dunmore. Co. Galway. 
Roehe.-Thos.. Ferns. 
Ronan, Patrick Ferns. 
Rrari, James, Claremorris. Co. Mayo. 
S.-allun. Thos. Gorev. . 

Cr>.,rc; \T rr\ 7/1 1 piri=fer roid. RafbminS.'' 

Sexton Michael. 28 Broadstone avenue Dublin. 

Phechan Patrick! 16 Hollybrook road, Clomarf. 

'x'nerrin. Thos., 50 Seville place, Dublin. 

Smith John, St. Kevin's road, Valstrcrt, Scotland. .. 
' Smimen Patrick, Ferran's kino. Broadstone. 

Steirtfierger, Val., Belrriore. Co. : Galway: 

Pweetrhan. John, Drnmbaragh, Kells. 

Taylor, Joseph, Swords. 

Taylor, Thos., Swords. 

Taylor. Chris., Swords. ,. i . i . , I 

-Thornton. Michael, Spirkbil. Co. Cahvay.< 

V'iildrcn. Richard. 'London. Britlse rd., RT^<7 mount. 

Ward Patrick. • Glonmulurc • House, IJiaito Bridge, 

. I Dublin. 

Ward Bernard,! Glenmahire nonse, Rialto Bridge, 
Dublin. . i ' • 

.Welsh Thomas. Mcrvillei Taylors Hi". .Galway 
■ WrjelaVj Jas.i Hnris, Kinvara. [Co, .f.'ulwa.v. 

V' '"■!;, /, John. Hun-. lOnvara, Pq, iGarlwajT. 

Whei;.n, Patrick. Woadlapds, Feres. 

TPnt-lan. This , perns ... i 

IWiiifce, Patrick, 27. Ihxior Abboy. street. 

51 TO W»-N»ewORTH ON ,1Pth lyiAY. 

The following list of 54 prisoners who 
pere removed from Richmond Barracks, Dub- 



lin, on i2th May, and lodged in Wandsworth 
Detention Barracks, London, on 13th May, 
was issued on 16th May : — 

Berminsham. Thomas, 91 Upper Rat Amines. 

Burke. Patrick, Benduff, Castlegar, Co. Sligo. 

Cole, D L., 3 Mount.ioy square, Dublin. 

Conway, Andrew, Edenrcva, (liffoney. 

Corcoran, John, Kiltimagh, Co. Mayo. 

Cryan, Barty, Bridge street, West port. 

Cryan, Thos., Seefin, Cloonloo, Boyle. 

Crystal, Hush, Creevykeel, Cliffoney. 

Curtis W. O'Leary, 34 N. Gt. George's st., Dublin. 

Daly, Patrick Thomas, 22 Filzmy avenue, Dubhu. 

Derry, Thomas; High street, Westport. 

Berry, Michael, Octagon, Westport. 

Duffy, Michael, Bridge street, Westport. 

Fagan, John, 10 TIavelock square, Dublin. 

Fagan James, 10 Ilavelock square, Dublin. 

Foley, Hugh, Benduff, Castlegar, Co. Sligo. 

Gammon, Edward, High street, Westport. 

Gardiner, George, Edenrcva, Cliffoney. • 

Gavin, Charles, High street, Westport. 

Gavin, John. Murrisk. 

Geraghly, Martin, James street, Westport. 

Gilmartin, Charles, Caruduff, <. liffoney. 

Gilmartin, John, Creevykeel, (liffonev. 

Gilmartin, John, Creevykeel, < liffoney. 

Gilmartin. Wm., Creevykeel, (liffoney. 

Griffith, Arthur, 122 St. Lawrence road, Clontarf. 

Gunnigle, Lawrence, Carnduff. Cliffoney. 

Gnnnigle, Robert, Carnduff, < liffoney, Co. Sligo. 

Hannon, John, Creevykeel, Cliffoney. 

JIannon, Edward, Cliffoney. 

Harrin, Edward, James street, Westport. 

Ileraty, Hubert, Altamnunt street, Westport. 

Ilickey, Charles, .,'ames street, Westport. 

Hughes, Owen, Larkhill, Westport. 

Keane, Manus, Clonskill, Loughagcwer. 

Kenny, Patrick S, Shop street, Westport. 

Lo<ran. John Bridge street, Westnort. 

McDonnell, Francis. 91 Upper Bathmincs. 

McDonouirh. John. High s+rpM Wp=tport. 

Malone, James. Quay road, Westport. 

McDonnell Paul, 91 Upper Rathmines. 

McGarrigle. Charles, Creevykeel, Cliffoney. 

Meehan, Bernard, Creevykeel, Cliffoney. 

O'Rrien, Thomas, Moyhasten, Westport. 

O'Rourke, Peter, Abbeylown, Boyle. 

O'Shea, John P., 20 Arran rd.. Drumcondra Dnblla. 

Ralph, Thomas, Mill street, Westport. 

Redmond. Myles. 6 Parnell street. Wexford. 

Reilly, Michael. Fair Green, Westport. 

RinT M. J., Drimmindoo, Westport. 

Rooney, Patrick. Carnduff, Cliffoney. Co. Sligo, 

Ruddy jo^eoh. Church street, Westport. 

Sammol. Edward. Peter street, Westport. 

Tnnnv Patrick, Derrvkillew, Westport. 

Wal.-h, Thaddeus, Milt street, Westport. 

58 TO STAFFORD ON 13th KAY. - 

The following list of 53 prisoners who 
were removed from Richmond Barracks, Dub- 
lin-, on May 12th, and lodged in Stafford De- 
tention Barracks on the 3-3th M.ay, wag 
issued ■ on 17th ' May :^-* ; 



Barrett, Christopher, Court lane, 'Athenry^— I 
Burke, Ptk., 'Caheroyn, Athenry— Labourer, " 
CahihV "&&'.; Boyhill Athenry— Labou'reV. •■ >• 

V~,, i(l!_U_I • fhU^* ■ T>n.nlr llnl.l lilhon,,,'. (3 rnnnx: . 



Paintef. 

urko, Ptk., 'Caheroyn, Atiicnry— Lapourer, - 
Oahill, 1 &'i., Boyhill Athenry-^Laboiire'r. • i 
C.al'linriri, Thos.,' Roekfield, 'Athenry— Grcomi • 
Canlficld. Chaa., Bo/.hill, Athenry--P6stmatL - ; 
Cleary, Thos. B., Athenry— Farmer and 'builder. 
Cleary; Joseph, (Abbcygrove. Athonryi-Apprenticfl* 
Coarfy, 'Wm., 'Claregal way— Farmer. 1 yf.,.„ : 
Commins, Michael, Coldwood, Athenry-^Farmer. 
Commins; Edward, Tarmind, Clarenbridge--rFarmefs 
Coiiuniins, Win., Coldwood, AthenryT-rEarme'r. 
Coriniffe, 34'chael. Court lane, Athenry.-riLaboure^ 
CnMello,, Maetin., por.tral. Atheney— Farmef.. 
Costello. -V."-, Godrall, Athenry— Farmer., ' 
C'os'elo. Patr«.k, GlenascaiiL Qran'mprfe', Co. Galway. 
hevje, M&rtin, rV.ttrogue, Clare, 'Galway.' •' ; ' 
Ci.ninane, 'John J., \\hrrnt Brown,' At'hbrtryiii-'Farmer. 
Dnnleiii.v Ml., Ballygurrane, Athenry— Farmer. 
Fahy, Lawrence, Tullyho. Athenry— Farmer. 



'- 



CI 



Fallon, Ml.. Two-Mile-Ditch, Co. al way— Farmer. 
Favrell. Ml.. Parkmore, Athenry— Labourer. 
Freany. Win., Ballydonnell, Athenry — Farmer. 
Freany, Ml., Ballyclonnell, Atheniy— Farmer. 
Feeny. Jas., Two-Mile-Ditch. Co. Galway— Farmer. 
Galvin. Jeremiah, Slieverne. Athenry — Farmer. 
Gardiner. Jas., Knockbrack. Movivea, Athenry— 

Carpenter. 
flynri, Ml., Lidecan, Clare, Galway— Farmer. 
< realish, Ptk., Carnmore, Galway— Farmer. 
;'l negan, Peter, Derrydonriell, Athenry— Milesman. 

G.S. and W. Railway. 
Henegan, Patk., Ballydonnell, Athenry— Farmer. 
Higgins, Wm., Coshla, Athenry — Farmer. 
Howley, Wm., Limepark, Teterswell, Co. Galway— 

Farmer. 
Howley. Ml.. Limepark, Peterswell, Co. Galway— 

Farmer. 
nughes. Ptk., Caheroyn— Farmer, 
llynes, Martin, Cross st., Athenry— Stonemason. 
Kane, Ptk.. Church St., Athenry— Labourer. 
Kane, ML. Derrydonnell. Athenry— Farmer. 
Kennedy. Martin. Lackroo, Athenry— Farmer. 
Kennedy, Ptk., Caheroyn, Athenry— Farmer. 
Kenny, Ptk., Caheroyn, Athenry— Labourer. 
King,' Peter, Kiltullagh, Oranmore, Galway— Farmer 
King, John, Kiihillagh, Oranmure— Farmer. 
Lynskey, Ptk.. Kingr-land, Athenry— Farmer 
M'Evoy, Martin, Pool. Craughwell— Farmer. 
M'Keon. Peter, Cross st.. Athenry— Carpenter. 
Monaghan. John, Oranmore— Labourer. 
Mulrvan, Wm., Kiltullagh. Oranmore— Farmer. 
Murphy, Philip. Liecan, Clare. Galway— Farmer. 
Murphy, John. Church st„ Athenry— Labourer 
Newell. Thomas. Cast lepra r, Clare. Galway— FariMr. 
O' Flaherty, Joseph, Loughrea— Draper. 
O'Lcary. ML, Tarmind, Clarenbridge— Farmer. 
Ryan, John, Ballydavid, Athenry— Farmer 
Silk, Thomas. Biiatiiili. Castlejrar, Galway— Farmer 
Sweeny, Peter, Lougnrea— Ruilder. 
Waldron. John, Mulpit. Athenry— Farmer. 
Wal&h. Martin. Church st.. Athonry— Carpenter. 
Wilson. Richard A. L.. Loughrea— Ph. Chemist. 

273 TO WAKEFIELD ON 13th MAY. 

The following list of 273 prisoners, who 
were removed from Richmond Barracks on 
May 12th, and lodged in Wakefield Detention 
Barracks on the 13th May, was issued on 
Thursday, 13th May:— 

Atkinson, Win., New st.. Dnndalk— 'Bus driver. 

Barry, Denis, Monster House, Kilkenny— Draper's 
assistant. 

Begley, Jos., Castle road, Bandon— Apprentice. 

Behan, Thomas, Ralhangan— Labourer 

Rirrell, Lawrence, Moss st.. Dublin— Coal porter. 

Rlaney, John, Coma net, Allilnnc— Farmer. 

Bowcn, Barth., Melrose. Howth— Science teacher. 

Boyce, Lawrence, Viking place. Arbour Hill — Motoi 
driver. 

Brady, Jas.. Booterstown ave.. Dublin — Clerk. 

Breli! P . Blackmill st., Kilkenny— Motor mechanic. 

Brown, Charles, do.— Labourer. 

Buckley, James, Millstreet — Carpenter. 

Buckley, Wm., Kileorney, Banteer— Shopkeeper. 

Burke, Patk., Wolfe Tone st., Kilkenny— Labourer. 

Burke, Finton, George St.. Enniseorthy — Carpenter. 

Byrne. Nieh.„ BallsbrhUre— Teacher. 

Byrne, John, Donore. Naas— Blacksmith. 

Byrne, Martin, Marrowbone lane. Dublin — Labourer. 

Byrne, Chris., Kilcullen road. Nags— Monotype 
operator. 

Callaghan, John. Cork road, Bandon— Labourer. 

Carmody, Patrick, Millstreet, Co. Cork— Baker and 
grocer. 

Casey, William, King street, Mitchelstown— Trader. 

Clcgg, Jas., (south st., New Ross — Draper's as- 
sistant. 

Cogan, Rolwrt^ Allen Villas, Mardyke, Cork— 
Draper's "assistant. 

Collins, Ed., Colballis, Donabale— Farmer. 

Couu-rford, E., Welling ton sy.. Kilkenny— Electri- 
cian. 



Connors, ML, Ross Toad, Enniseorthy — Labourer 

Corkerry, Daniel, Cork st., Macroom — Shopkeeper.. 

Cox, J. E., Oaklands Park. Ballsbridge— Surveyor. 

Cox, Ed. J.. Oaklands Park, Ballsbridge— ClerU 
C.D.B. 

Coyne, James, Bishop's Hill, Kilkenny — Baker. 

Crowe, Martin, Ballyteigne, Corofin, Clare— Farmer. 

Crowley, Wm.. Gurteen, Bandon— Farmer. 

Crowley, Patk., Gurteen, Co. Tipperary— Labourer. 

Crowley, ML, Rosbercon, New Ross — Shop assistant. 

Crowley, John, Clonakilty— Farmer. 

Crowley, Tim, Clonakilty— Farmer. 

Daly, Francis, Cluny, Clontarf— Engine fitter. 

Davies, Jas. J., Harold's road, Kilkenny— Banker. 

Deban, Patk., Cork road, Fermoy-^Oaelic teacher. 

Deene, Conor, Goold's Cross — Grocer. 

Degan, M.. South st.. New Ross — Draper's as- 
sistant. 

de Loughrey, Lawrence, Kilkenny— Ironmonger. 

Dempsey. Patk., Locan st., Belfast— Shop assistant. 

Dempsey James, Locan st., Belfast— Shop assistant. 

Derm, W., Tabbot's Inch. Kilkenny— Cab maker. 

Desmond, Denis, Kinsale— Farmer's son. 

Dobbyn, Henry, 21 Cloned Gardens, Belfast— Brick- 
layer. 

Dobbyn, Jas.. 21 Clonard Gardens, Belfast— National 
school teacher. 

Donnelly, ML, Cornally, Silverbridge, Co. Armagh— 
Barman. 

Donovan, Peter, Clonakilty— Farmer. 

Donovan, John, Clonakilty— Student. 

Doorley, Ed., Castle st., Roscommon— Butcher. 

Doorley, 3 J.. Castle st., Roscommon— Garage owner 

Doyle, MichL, 32 Lr. Gardiner st., Dublin— Lalwurer. 

Doyle, John, South St., New Ross— Draper's assistant. 

Doyle, Wm., Robert st.. New Ross — Porter. 

Doyle. Chas., Ballycarney, Ferns — Labourer. 

Driscoll Th./it as liandon— Van driver. 

T>uffy, Ed. J., Foyle st, Derry— Bookkeeper. 

Duncan, Patk., Meeting House st., Strabane— Van- 
driver. 

Dwyer, Stephen, Up. Patrick st., Kilkenny— Reporter. 

Evoy, Daniel, Prior lane. New Ross — Carpenter. 

Fanning, John, William st., New Ross — Commis- 
sion agent. 

Finegan. John St Patrick's terr., Dnndalk— Porter. 

Fitzgerald. John, Newbridge— Bootmaker. 

Fitzgerald James, Fast Hill, Queenstown— Engineer 
filter's apprentice 

Fitzgerald Thos., Dingle, Co. Kerry— Engine driver. 

Foley. ML. New Ross — Porter. 

Fortune, Daniel, Hallycaruew. Gorey — Labourer. 

Franklin, James. Barrackton, Cork— Shoemaker. 

J/urlorig, Thus., Michael St.. Kilkenny— Painter. 

Furlong, Richard, Ivillashee, Naas— Labourer. 

ftribban, liti'rli. Castledawson, Co. Deny — farmer. 

Gallagher. John, Shannon Hill, Enniseorthy — 
Ledger clerk. 

Gallon, Patk., Six-Mile CrosJ*, Tyrone— Shop assistant 

Gibbons, John, Ballylarkin Freshford— Farmer. 

Grehan, Patk., Main street, Naas— Merchant. 

Grieve, James. Glehmoran Mills. Strabani?— Farmer. 

Haden, Ptk., South st.. New Ross — Draper's as- 
sistant. 

Hales Wm., IViockariirra, Randon — Farmer. 

Half*. Robert. Knockacurra, l?ahdon— Farmer. 

Hall. Saml., Jocelyn st., Dnndalk— Tailor. 

Hamill, Thos., Broughton st.. Dnndalk— Van driver. 

Hamilton, Chris., Kylo street, Cork— Carpenter. 

Hanley, Dan!., Ne«i Ross — Harness-maker. 

Ilannigran, James. The Square, Mikhelstown— Com- 
pany agent. 

HanraUy, Jas., Mill st., Dnndalk— Printer. 

Hartley, J., Soulh st., New Ross— Grocer's assistant. 

Harringlin, Daniel, Macroom— Farmer. 

Hart, Bernard, Dalkey— Railway clerk. 

Hart. Jot>«, Claddagh, Clifden, Kilkenny— Farmer 

Ilealy, M.Jt.. Rougbgrove, bandon— Clerk. 

Healy JVnis, Bodyke, Co. Clare— Farmer. 

Ileber J<ilin, Ix»rd Edward St., Limerick— Teacher. 

Hedley. $*»s.. Irish st., Enniseorthy — Labourer. 

Heduvs*. Law recce, Main St.. Cbarleville— Teacher. 

llegai'ty. Patrick. Westland avenue. Dcrry —Tobac- 
cos *'s assistant. 

Hegarty, Oaniel, Fair street, Mallow— Builder'a 
fore jvn. 

Uehoe, Tim, John st., New Rosa — Grocer's as- 
sists *X 



Dl 



82 



Henderson. T.eo, Windsor Villas, Fairview, Dublia 
lliirsrins, Maurice, Up. John st., Kilkenny— Law clerk 
Hughes. Gilbert. Coosane. Athlone— Farmer. 
Hunt, n abort, Corofin. Co Clares-Farmer. 
Hunt, Wm„ Corofin. Co. Clare— Farmer. 
Ilvde, Patk., Ballinhassig. Cork— Farmer. 
IT.vde, Michael, Ballinhassig— Labourer. 
Ilyde, Jos., Gurteen, Bandon— Farmer. 
Tl'vde. John, St. Finn Barr's College, Cork— Student. 
Jordan, Daniel, Farnalough, Newcester, Cork— Far- 
mer's son. 
Kavanagh; John, Miltown, Ferns— Lal>ourer. 
Koaley, Martin, Park Clifeden. Kilkenny— Farmer. 
Kearns, John. Loushrea— Labourer, 
Keegan, Michael, Queen st., Dublin— Labourer. 
Keirse. Thos., Kileen, Co Clare— Farmer. 
Kelly. Daniel, Casheinageran, Gortahork, Donegal— 

Stationmaster. 
Kelly, John, Clonee, Camolin. Wexford— Labourer. 
Kellv: John E., Brown st., Dolphin's Barn, Dublin— 

' Clerk. 
Krllv, Robert. Mary st.. Newry— Stone-cutter. 
Kellv, John, Irish st.. Belfast— Clerk. 
Kellv, James, Clonee, Wexford— Farmer's son. 
Kenny, Chris., Rathangan, Kildare— Postman. 
Kenny', Ptk.. Woodlands, Ferns — Labourer. 
Kenny Michael, Rathangan— Labourer. 
Kenny, Patk., Kildare— Postman. 
Kenny, Jos., Rathangan— Postman. 
Kent, John. South st., New Ross— Grorer's assistant. 
Kerr,' Ptk.. Castletown r<l.. Dimdalk — Grocer's porter. 
Kinirv, Martin, Patrick st., Fennoy— Shopkeeper. 
Kinir'y, Martin, do.— Cardriver. 
Lalor, Jas.. Friary st., Kilkenny— Builder. 
Lonnon. Win., Mvler's Park. New Ross — Farmer. 
Lynch, John Bridge, Macroom— Draper's assistant. 
Lynch, Patrick, New Ross— Contractor. 
Lynch, Tim, Ballyfeard. Co. Cork— Farmer. 
Lynch. Lawrence, Court st., Enniscorthy — Maize 

oil extractor. 
Lyng. James, Bulnnbanoutrh. Wexford— Labourer. 
Madigan, Jas., Abbey street, Kilkenny— Mason. 
Marmion. Tim, Crauerhwell. Galway — Farmer. 
Martin. Ed., St. Mary's (err.. Athlnnr— Clerk. 
May, Pak., North st., New Ross — Grocer's assistant. 
McAllister. Dan, Staffordstown, Donabate— Farm 

manager. 
M'Carth.v, John, Dononghmore, Timoleague— Do 
McCarthy Joseph, South st., New Ross — Grocer's 

assistant. 

Dnimraney. Athlone — Farmer. 
Ruscommon— Draper. 
K., P.nndon — Merchant. 
Weslland avenue, Derry — Clerk. 
MarCough O., Clanbras")! St., Dundalk — Accountant. 
Mi'Grnth. T.. John st.. New Ross— Grocer's assistant. 
McGrath, M., Ballywilliam, Co. Wexford — 

Labourer. 
M'Gu ; f» ::.- 
MCi.'-k. 

Uerrj 
^•Ineni.y. 

necr. 
"*<■ Lough! in, Fred, Glenmore, Wexfi 
II'.MmIioii. E<J., 26 Talbot St. 

tant. 
McQuill, Joseph, Bridge st. 
McQuillan, Phil. 

specter. 
Mooney Pa Ik., Millbrook Villas, 

ni cell aire. 

Mooney, Thomas, Rathangan— Labourer. 
"Moran, Louis, Rally sax, Curragh,— Butcher. 
Vforan, Ed., liallysax, Curragh — Farmer. 
Jlullall.v, Antony, I'mieU st., Kilkenny— Painter. 
Mullauy, John J., Barnard st., Athlone — Compositor. 
Murphy, Ed. J., Quay st., New Ross — Rate Col- 
lector. 
Wurph.v, Francis, Lusk, Co. Dublin— Apprentice filter 
Jluri iiy, Jer.. The Harrow, Ferns— Grocer 8 assistant. 
Murphy, I).. The Harrow, Ferns— Grocer's assistant. 
liurph.v, Jas., Market sq., K*Tstnwnbarry — shop 

assists 'd. 
Sfurpny, Wtn.. Iiri(I-_ro st., N"^ ^r>- — Merchant. 
"Murphy, John, Quay st., New Ki#- Merchant. 
Alurph.y, John, New Ross— Merchant, 
•alwiay, Jaincs, Portland St., Nth., Dublin— Labourer 



McCormack. Ml., 
McCrann, Alfred, 
McDonnell, Win. 
M'Dormott, Ed. 



., Francis 
••.nihonv, 


Col 


mgfor 

'a I'd ill 


r, Kn 


'ell- 
K'k! 


nt. 
ougli 


- farmer. 












TIlOS , l.oi 


:k i 


iiny, 


I.imeri 


ck- 


-Mo; 



'an, Co 

ir Engi- 

-Root dialer. 
liubliu— G i deer's assis- 

Duhdalk— Undertaker. 
Maxwell row, Dundalk— Gas in- 

Naas— Chauffeur 



Murray, P^ter, Upper Irishtown. Athlone — Weaver. 

Murtagh, Teter, Cecil ave., Clontarf— Electrician. 

Neary, Thos'., Coulgour.K ilkenny— Van driver. 

Neill, John — Irish St., Enniscorthy — Labourer. 

Noctor, John, Dean's Grange, Black rock— Gardener. 

Noonan, John, Ballyfeard, Cork. 

Noonan, William, Ballyfeard, Cork. 

Nowlan, Jas., Bishop's Hill, Kilkenny — Cooper. 

O'Breslin, Chas., William st., Berry— Teacher. 

O'Brien, Wm., Tracton, Co. Cork— Farmer. 

O'Brien, Jas., Carnamaddy, Athlone — Tailor. 

O'Brien, John, Upper Irishtown, Athlone— Clerk. 

O'Brien, John, Tracton, Co. Cork— Farmer. 

O'Brien, Wm., Queenstown— Chemist's assistant. 

O'Brien, John, Clancey st., Fennoy — Gardener. 

O'Connell. Chris., Beecher street, Mallow — Railway 
employe. 

O'Connell, John, 22 Upper Cecil street, Limerick. 

O'Connor, Patrick. Bridge st., Killaloe— Teacher. 

OTonnor, James, Rickardstown, Cloghran, County 
Dublin— Apprentice. 

O'Connor, Stephen, New st., Macroom— Blacksmith. 

O'Connor, Patrick, New st., Macroom — Blacksmith. 

O'Doherty, Jos., Creggan st., Derry— Clerk. 

O'Dohcrty, Andrew V., do — Butcher 

O'Dwyer, Ml., John st., Kilkenny— Sculptor. 

O'Dwyer, Patrick, Hill terrace, Bandon — Egg packer. 

OTIalloran, John, Ballingeary, Co. Cork— Farmer. 

OTlalloran. Tim. Ballingeary, Co. Cork— Farmer. 

O'Keeffe, Ml . William st.. New Ross — Porter, 

O'Kelly, Michael, Naas— Journalist. 

O'Kennedy, John, Quay st., New Ross— Brcwcr'a 
secretary. 

O'Kennedy, Philip A., do. — Mercantile clerk. 

O'Kennedy, Michael J., do.— Mercantile clerk. 

O'Leary, John. Ballinhassig— Tailor. 

O'Leary, S., Quay st., New Ross— Grocer's assistant. 

O'Leary, Jas., Rossmore, Ballineen — Farmer. 

O'Voiii t.. John st.. New Ross — Grocer's assistant. 

O'Neill, Michael, Ferns— P. O. clerk. 

O'Neill. Arthur, ITill st.. Dundalk— Machinist. 

O'Shea, Patrick. King st., Fermoy— Engineer. 

O'Snllivan, Patrick, Bank place, Mitehelstown— Car- 
penter. 

O'Toole, W.. Lr. Church st., Enniscorthy— Carpenter. 

Parsons, Palk., Wolfe Tone st., Kilkenny— Tailor. 

Prcndersrast. Jas., Quay st.. New Ross— Grocer's 
assistant. 

Pin cell, Ml., High St., Kilkenny— Baker. 

Ouigley .las., Garryowen. Limerick — M ill foreman. 

Quinn, Thos., Cork st., Dublin—Poplin weaver. 

Quinn, George Cork st... Duhlin— Punlin weaver. 

Roardeu, Tun," Ballinhassig, Cork— Farmer. 

Reardnn, John, Macroom— Labourer. 

Richardson, Jos., Ashcroft, Togher— Farmer. 

Riordan, Michael, Mills! reet, Cork— Shop assistant. 

Riordan, Jeremiah, Millstreet, Cork — Baker. 

Roche, John, Church st.. Ferns— l.al>oiirer. 

Rodgefs, !ln"h, Six-Mile Cross, Tyrone— Chauffeur. 

I; uttle, S. M., Kilcurley, Adare, Co. Limerick — 
Accountant 

[ill, Kilkenny, Grocer's assistant 
South, Eimistymon, Co. Clare— 



M. 



10]) S .' 
Cluync 



R 

R.vinie, Win 
Shop a 

Roche, John, Knockacurra, Bandon— Farmer. 

Savage, Michael, Kilshannig, Fennoy— Labourer. 

Seiiiy, Joseph, Quay comer, New Ross— Jeweller. 

Shane, Robert, Six-Mile Cross, Tyrone— Carrier. 

Shannon, M. J., Quinn, Co. Clare— Labourer. 

Rbeeban, Michael, itimdrum, Co. Tipperary— Forester, 

Shecnan. Ml., North st.. New Ross — Merchant. 

Shiels, Patrick, Bogside, Derry— Clerk. 

Southwell, John, Queen st., Newry— Vanman. 

Smith, Louis, Magherafelt, Co. Derry Merchant. 

Smith, Patrick, Ballybphan, Roscommon— Farmer. 

Smyth. Chas.. Kilkenny— Carpenter. 

Spillarfe, John, Lohort, Fermoy— Carpenter. 

Stephens, W., High st., Kilkenny— Draper's as- 
sistant. 

Stokes, John, Bath st., Irishtoyn, Dublin— Labourer. 

Sullivan, Ed., Clonakilty— Farmer. 

Sunderland.' John. Ferns — Labourer. 

Sweeney. Owen, Cloubriiske, Athlone— Farmer. 

Kynnott, Perce, St. Michael's place, Gorey— Brick- 
layer. 

Svtuioil,, Ml., Ballinakill. rcrns— Farmer 

Tboniey, RicharJ, BaJlymonntain, Banlon.-Labourer 

Toomey, tames, Mid. !reet, Co. Cork-Baker. 

Tliurai-t;, !•*. s'-.-'-'-ies Co. Lublin— Seed merchant. 

D 4 



83 



■Travers. John, Ballymarthy, Enniscorthy — Engine 

driver. 
Traver?, Martin, New Ross— Boot dealer. 
Tuite. Daniel. Castletown id., Duudalk— Painter. 
Waldron, lid.. Hotel, Ennistymou— Gaelic teacher. 
"Wallace, Jonn W., Eyre st., Newbridge— A.S.C. 
Wah James, Kerry— Motor mechanic. 
Walsh, Jas., South St., New Ross — School teacher. 
Walsh. Lawrence, Dunmore, Kilkenny — Gardener. 
Walsh, Lawrence J.. Duleek st., Drogheda— Carrier. 

employe. 
Walshe, Daniel P., Main st., Felhard— Farmer. 
Walsh, Redmond, Bandon— Farmer 
"VWsii. J ani^s, Knockey, Co. Cork— Labourer. 
Warner, Peter, Quay st., New Ross— Hairdresser. 
Wickham, Mark, Merchant's quay, Cork— Tinsmith. 
Wilson, H. J. C, Longford — Merchant. 
Windrum, S. W'., Dominick st., Limerick— Engineer 

197 TO GLASGOW AND PERTH ON 20th MAY. 

On Wednesday, 24th May, two lists were 
issued containing the names of 197 prisoners, 
who were removed from Dublin on the 19th 
May to Barlinnie Detention Barracks, Glas- 
gow, and to Perth Detention Barracks: — 

To Perth. 

The following are the names of the prisoners 
lodged at Peith : — 

Bolaud. Patrick, Ferns. Co. Wexford. 

Browne. John, lloilypark, Craughwell. Co. Ga'way. 

Burke, Thomas. Lurgiii, Gort 

Burke, K<[ . Uaford -Mills. Kilturra, Co. Galway. 

Burns;. Michael, Colmanstown, Co. Galway. 

Carroll. James, Perns. Co. Wexford. 

Coen, James, Ball.vcholin, Gort. 

Coin. Martin, Ball.vcholin, Gort. 

Collohan. Thomas, Craughwell, Co. Galway. 

jSollohan. Patrick Castleall, Athenry. 

Conner. Bryan, Ball.vcholin, Gort. 

Connolly. Thomas, Derryhole, Co. Galway. 

Cori>e!t, Thomas, Craughwell, Co. Galway.' 

Corbet t Petei, Craughwell, Co. Galway. 

Corbctt, Patrick. Craughwell. Co. Galway. 

jSoughlan, Charles. Castle street. I.oughrea. 

Coy, James, Derryhole, Co. Galway. 

Coy, Pal rick Derryhole, Co Galway. 

Coy, Michael, Derryhole, Co. Galway. 

Coy, Palriik, Galway road Longhrea. 

Craven, Ji.hn. Clonoshecahil, New Inn. Co. Galway. 

CiiiiinlTe, Thomas, Ball.vcholin, Gort. 

FuniiiHe, Michael. Ball.vcholin Gort. 

Cunnifl'e. Patrick. Bride street* I.oughrea. 

Eiirnn, James, Nevvtownbarry, Co Wexford. 

Deialiuniy. Michael, Lonirhrea. 

l'lmiiM-y Pal rick, Lissiloudon. Oran/ri well. 

Donnellan Palncli, Newcastle. Athenry. 

jjjo.vle, Thomas. K,ltn.!la, Athenry 

P.nil.v. William, Attynion. Alhenry. 

Earl. Jo.M'ph, LisdurT, Alhenry. 

jfean Michael. P.ally.-holiri <; rt. 

Egan. Martin, Armagh. Gcrt. 

Fuhcy, John, Lurgan, Gort. 

Fahey, Michael. Lurgin, Gort. 

Fahcy, Patrick, Bride street, Loughrea. 

Fly mi, James, Main street, Loughrea. 

Forde, Patrick, Kiltulla, Athenry. 

Fordo, Michael, Cranghwell, Co. Galway. 

Forde, John, Craughwell, Co. Galway. 

Frowley, John, Wolfhill, Queen's Cons.'y. 

Gardiner. James, Coolraugh, Cringhwell. 

Ge«an, Michael, Craughwell, Co. Galway. 

Gillisrhan, Patrick, Kiltulla, Athenry. 

Grealish. Thomas, Pollacoppal, Alhenry. 

Greene, Martin J., Main street. Longhrea. 

■sniffy, Michael,. Tally ho. Alhenry. 

Km iffy, James, Glebe, Cringhwell. 

Haverty, Richard, Olonhshecahil. 

Healy. Michael". Athenry. 

Session, Michael, Athenry. 

Higgius. Patrick, I isheenkyle. 

Hvi.ec, Denis, Gregatorla. Co Gal «*J. 

IJ.\nes, John. Gregatorla. Co. G»fKAV. 

Rues, Micnael, Oiaughwell, Co. biiit &. 



Keane, James, Rockmore, Athenry. 

Kearns, Daniel, Oklcastle, Athenry. 

Keating, Michael, Attymon, Alhenry. 

Keating, Joseph, Attymon, Athenry. 

Kellahen, James, Ballycholin, Gort. 

Kelleper, Daniel Gort. 

Kellerker. Martin, Gort. 

Kelly, Michael, Kiltulla Post Office, Atfeenry. 

Kelly, William, Clondaw. Co. Wexford. 

Kelly, Michael, Athenry. 

Kennedy, Martin, Cringhwell. 

Lawless, John, Attymon, Alhenry. 

Lawless Patrick, Attymon. Athenry. 

Loughery. John. Ballycohalin, Gort. 

Lyons, Wil'iam, Ferns, Co. Wexford. 

McGisrne, Patrick, Athenry road, Loughrea. 

McGlynn, Martin, Gregatorla, Co. Galway. 

McGlyun, Michael, Gregatorla, Co. Gaiway. 

McNamara, Thomas. Gantry, Co. Galway". 

Maroney, John, Cringhwell 

Martin, Patrick, Galwav road, Loughrea. • 

Melody, Michael. New Inn, Co. Galway. 

Molloy, Michael Monivea, Co. Galway. 

Moloney. John, Monivpa. Co. Galway. 

Moran, Martin, Cringhwell 

Mullins, Thomas. Kiltulla. Athenry. 

Naughton. Patrick, Dnnsindle. Athenry. 

Nestor, Michael. Rockfield, Athenry. 

O'Brien, Augustus, Turloughmore. Co. Galway. 

Roche, Ed... Kelly street. Loughrea. 

Rontrhan, Peter, Ballycohalin. Gort. 

Rudy, TL C, 14 Seaforth parade, Blackrock. 

Stafford, Mat.. Derryhole, Cringhwell. 

Sweeney. Patrick. Moore street. Loughrea. 

Walsh, Walter, Athenry. 

Walsh, Patrick, Old Church street, Athenry. 

Ward, James, Athenry. 

Wb ; te, Patrick, Attymon, Athpnry. 

White, Joseph, Attymon, Athenry, 

To Glasgow. 

The following were lodged in Glasgow :— 

Benn, W. Church street. Tipperary. 

Berry, John, Lanmore, Wes'tport. 

Blake. Michael. Cloonaserunin. Athenry. 

Brennan. M Carrowkeel. Roscommon. 

Burke, William, Tiaquin, Athenry. 

Burke. S., Giirrane. Athenrv. 

Burns, Ml.. Oranmore. Co. Galway. 

Burns, James. Bellamona, Oranmore. 

Burn 5 :. Pa* rick. Cave. Oranmore. 

('•'"crlv. Martin, F\inska, Olarezalway. 

Cliffo'd. Peter. Ca^y place. Hundalk. 

t'oenoMy, Rolicrt. Monivea. Athenry. . 

Connollv. John. Kiltulla. Oranmoro. 

f nmi'.illy. John. Ooshla, Athenrv. 

fonunr, .lis. Cn'dmanstowri. Ballinasjoo. 

Cooiie.v, Dominick 1 i=sa!oii'lo<>n. Craughwell. 

(Ween. Joseph Box-hill. Alhenry. 

('ul'in-iii. John. Lotigncurra Oalwav. 

CnnnilT Tli mi's, Oramnorp. C<i Ga'way. 

Cunningham P, Main Guard Clonm.l'. 

Pa'lun 1. J., w iltee V'pw, T'nnerary. 

Da!v. Patrick. Cross street. Athenry. 

Ihvl.v, Jernnah. Templemartin. Craughwell. 

Itri.han. F . Irish town, Clonmel. 

Etran, J., Clarenbridge. Oranmore, o Co. Galway. 

Fahy, ML, Tawin. Oranmore. Co. Galway. 

Fnhv. John Temnlemnrtin. Craushwell. 

Fallon. Bernard, Moore street. Loughrea. 

Flanagan, Patrick, Cave. Oranmore. 

Foley, Edward. 14 Lr. Main st.. Wexford. 

Forde, P.. Riaa, KiJfolgan, Co. Galway. 

Forde. Wm.. 1 Richmond terrace. Bray. 

Carvey, Law. Miilligh. Louehrea. Co. Galway. 

Glynn, Jas., Currepntarmid, Monivea. 

Oolding, Patrick B illywitmn, Craucrhwell. 

Grenny, Tlu'^h. Rtorieleisli. Crauirhwell. 

llalnin. Thomas, 39 Kickham street. Clonrsei. 

riasseti, nmicl, Newcastle, Athenry. 

Ilaverly, Jas.. Spring Lawn. Movlonch. 

flaw kins, Thomas, Mi my mo re, Oranmore. 

iif.aiv, Patrick. Newcastle. Athenry. 

TTcfrernaa. i , "— <>.~>- Colbrooke. Cc. Tinnprar* 

Hilton. 7W.r~* J» Warlbi-oo.j-h st.. Dublin. 

Hughes. Pair-;,-*. I ankifl. Westport 

llwus Wm.. Iiriubeir, Oranmore, Co Ga'wav. 

lverg. Inos., Ivy Ctge., Mouutpleasant pi., Rauelatf? 



84 



Joyce, Michael, Cafrlne, Athenry. 

Jovce, 1'., Monroe, Kilcolgan, Co. Gahvay. 

Keane, Martin, Derrydonnell. Athenry. 

Keane, D., Clarenbridge, Oranmore, Co. Galway. 

Kearney, Fras.,Bailinadiirty, Oranmore, Co. Galway. 

Kelly, Jus.. Coldwood, Athenry. 

Kcllv Tliomas, 6 North street. New Ross. 

Kcilv. \\ illiam, Coldwood, Athenry. 

Kell'v, Patrick, Hilleeaan, Craughwell. 

Kelly. James, Kiltulla. Athenry. 

Kennedv, John Cackarwwv, Athenry. 

Kennedy, Patrick, Carrine, Athenry, 

Kilkelly, P., Kilcolgan. Co. Galway. 

M*;uire, John, Fennishrule, Wexford. 

M'Kenna, John, 117 Cork street, Dublin. 

Mackey, D., Cpper Gladstone street, Clonmel. 

Maloney, P. J., Church street. Tipperary. 

Mitchell, John. Knock roe. Attymon. 

Moloney. Martin. Belle Villa. Monivea. 

Moore, Jas., 4 King's street, Fermoy, Co. Cork. 

Moran, B.. 54 St Mary's lane, Dublin. 

Morin, John, Cioon, Olaregalway. 

Mornssev, Gilbert, Ca&srcrin. Athenry. 

Morrissev, Richard. Cahcrcrin. Atheny. 

Morrissey. J.. 8 William street. Clonmel. 

Morrissev, Patrick, Cahercrin, Athenry. _ 

Morris M.. Mellison, New B'ham, Co. Tipperary. 

Mullen', Moyvilla, Athenry. ' . 

Murphv, Thomas, Borelia. Kilcotty. Enniscorthy. 

Murphv, JMartin, Curreentarmid, Monivea. 

Murphy, John. Tiaquin, Athenry, 

Nelly, J. J., Gort, Co. Galway. 

Newell, Martin, Caheradina, Craughwell. 

isoone, Patrick, Brickmoon, Kiltulla. 

Noone, James, 12 Geraldine square, Diiblm. 

O'Connor, Matthew. 4 Nth. Main st., Wexford. 

U'H anion, P., Kingstown. - 

O'Kennedy, T. J.. Priory street. New Ross. 

O'Reilly, — , 30 Cork street. Dublin. 

Pitrgelt, P., Gort, Co. Gahvay. 

Ouinn, John, Caherfurvause. Craughwell. 

Rogers T. F., James «ireet, Tipperary. 

Rooney Martin. Cahercrin, Athenry. 

Ror.ne'v. John, Cahycrin, Athenry. 

Rvan J 12 Pameil street. Clonmel. 

Rvan W E.. St. Michael street, Tipperary. 

Stephenson, T.. Gort, Co. Galway. 

Tally Thos., Kilbeg. Monivea. 

Toole' Martin, Oranmore. 

Travers, M., Gort, Co. Galway. 

Walsh. Patrick, Killeenan. Craughwell. 

Walsh, D., Gaggan, Bandon. Co. Cork. 

40 TO WOKING ON 20th MAY. 

Tt was announced on Thursday, 25th 
May, that the 40 prisoners named below 
were removed from Richmond Barracks, Dub- 
lin, on May 19th, and lodged in Woking Da- 
tention Barracks t'je following day :— 

Barreft. Pat., farmer, Ballinageane, Craughwell, 
Galway. 

Burke, Patrick, farn»OT, Chermore, Kinvara. 

Burke,' I'cter, farmer, Chermore, Kinvarn, 

deary James. Lorse-shocr. Irish c t., Fnniscorthy. 

CJcar'y Thos., plasterer, Abheyrow, Al henry. 

Connol'ly. Patrick, farmer, Tysaxon, Athenry. 

Cullen,' Jas. Jos.. 8 Harney street. Enuiseorlhy. 

Cullen James, lino operator, Bcll'ield, Enniscorthy. 

Daley, John, agric. oi-ersccr Lakeview, Manor- 
harnilton. 

Pcvereux. Enfjene. cjxli agent. 18 George st., 
Enniscorthy. 

Poherly, John, farnwf. Norlhgale street. Athenry. 

Dolan, James N., rfj«*>kceeer, BaJlyboy, ftlanor- 
h ami I ton. 

Poole v, John. farm*/. '/Isker, Athenry, Co. <«alway. 

Poolcv. Ml., farmer, faker. Athenry, Co. Galway. 

PoyJe Patrick, fnr«w, Kiltulla, Athenry, 

Ihvyer. Peter, eii«f># driver, Tonialossclt, Ennis- 
corthy. 

Egan. Thos., labftMBT, Ahbeyrow. Alhenry. 

Fahy, Thos., farcfc# f Lnvally, Craughwell, Galway. 

Fenian. Wni.. laftoriW*, Hospital lane. Enniscorthy. 

Flanagan, .las., (t.tv.?, Fn-whfort House, Oranmore 

Gardiner. John, c.nicnler. Knock brock, Athenry. 

Gilgan, Bryan, ekt'tkicisti, Rallyboy. Manorhamilton. 

Gilguu, Thos.. ■Ui'-M-r, Billyboy, Mauorharailton. 



Henehan. Pat. J., grocer asst., Fethard, Tipperary. 

Hynes, Martin, farmer, Durns. ninvara, Co. Galway. 

Hynes, Pat., farmer, Creggan, Craughwell, Galway. 

Kenny, John, valet, Maynooth Col-., Main st., May- 
nooth. 

I.arden, Jas., clerk. Shannon (Temple), Enniscorthy. 

Lawless, Peter, farmer, Corrin Ramid, Athenry. 

Mahon, Peter, farmer, Newcastle. Athenry. 

Murphy, Ml., labourer, Church street, Athenry. 

Murphy. Jas., spinn??, Carley's Bdge., Enniscorthy. 

O'Ccrmor, R., elcrx, 38 Serpentine av., Ballsbrid^e. 

O'Loughlin, Jas., coachbuilder, Ballynoy. Manor- 
hamilton. 

O'Loughlin, Thos., coachbuilder, Ballyboy, Manor- 
hamilton. ■ 

Rooney, Jos., labourer, Caheroryan, Athenry. 

Rossi ter, Ed., clerk, Templeshannon quay, Ennis- 
corthy. 

Wafer, John, clerk, Shannon, Enniscorthy. 

Walsh, Ml., carpenter, Athenry, Co. Galway. 

Young, Joe. labourer, High street, Dublin. 

59 TO LEWES ON 20th MAY. 

The following fifty-nine prisoners were 
removed from Richmond Barracks on May 
19, and lodgeoj in Lewes Detention Barracks 
on the following day : — 

Abernatty (? l.ahernatty), Henry, lab.. Shannon 

Hill, Enniscorthy. 
Burke, Martin, lab., Glauscauly, (Jdlway 
Byrne, Alphonsus, clerk, 36 Mt. Pleasant rare, 

Dublin. 
Cassidy, John, sewing machine agent, Ballybofey, 

Strabane. 
Coleman, J. J., publican, Ballaghaderecn, Mayo. 
Concannon, Pafc., farmer, Clarcgalvvay, Galway. 
Connolly, Thos., lab., Drumgoold, Enniscorthy. 
Culligan, Ber., lab., 95 Pembroke cot., Doiiny brook 
Cummins, Pat., farmer, Claregalway, Galway. 
Cunuiffe, Jas., butcher, Ballagliadereen, Mayo. 
Daly. J'at. surveyor, Carrickmacross. 
Daly, Thos., lab., 13 Lr. Gloucester pi., Dublin. 
Darcy, Jas., lab., Milltown, Co. Dublin. 
Darcy, Joh.i, postman, 17 Ballsbridgc terr., Dublin, 
Davis, John, carpenter, Shannon, Enniscorthy. 
Doherty. Daniel, clerk", Butcher st., Strabane. 
Doyle, Michael, labourer. Shannon Hill, Enniscorthy. 
Flannery, B. J., clerk, Ballagliadereen, Co. Mayo. 
Fox, John, dock labourer, 112 St. Columba's Wells, 

Derry City. 
Coen, John, farmer, Ballymaguire, Arrlaahane, 

Galway. 
Grealy, Peter, farmer, Glanscauly, Galway. 
Ilyland, Matthew, labourer, Drumgoold, Enniscorthy. 
Jennings, James, plumber. Bachelor's Walk, liundalk 
Kavanagh, James, foundry labourer, 17 Alexandra 

place. Deny City. 
Kelly, Joe, no occupation, Rallagh.idereen. Co. "layo. 
Kelly, W. J., poultry merchant, Charlcmont street, 

Bungannon. 
Kvne. Michael, farmer. Branloughane. Gahvay. 
Lennon, Philip, shop asst., John st., New Ross. 
Loughran, W. J., waiter, O'Neill's Hotel. Carncfc 

macross. 
Martin, Thus., farmer. Maghercloonc, Carrickmacross. 
M'Cormick, Thos., mcFchant. Ballaghaderecn, Mayo. 
M'Grath. Patrick, machine man. Duffry Hill, Ennia- 

corthy. ..•_.: . „. . 

Strabane. 




Neeson, John, teacher. 310 Cupan st.. Belfast. 
Nolan, Thos., clerk, W.C., Carrickmacross. 
O'Brien, James, carpenter, Carrickmacross. 
O'Brien. John, clerk, 4 Old Church. Enniscorthy. 
O'Bvrno. Thos., shop asst., Clahbrassil st., Dundalk. 
O'Connor, Denis, clerk, 26 Main st., Enniscorthy. 
O'Donnell, A., teacher. Tull.vcrine, Co. Clare. 
O'Gara, Hartley, draper's asst., Ballaghadereea, 

Co. Iffayo. 
O'Hara, T. P., shop asst.. Ballairhadercen, Mayo. 
O'Neill. James teacher, Rockwell College, Cashed 

Co. Tipiierary. 



8t> 



O'Reilly. Tat., bootmaker. Bath st., Carriekmaeross. 
Quill, Michael, lal>ourer, 58 Douglas st., Cork. 
Raul, Laurence, 10 Foxhall tee., Mornington road. 
Ryan, Patk. J., merchant, Ballaghadereen, Mayo. 
Sargeant, Phillip, trimmer, 59 Holly bank road, 

Drumcondra. 
BJnnott, Patk., asst. agent, Beheld, Enniscorthy. 
Trimble. Joe. no occupation, Ballafthadereen, Mayo. 
Tobin, Patk., lalwurer, Bohreen Hill, Enniscorthy. 
Wade, Michl., labourer, 24 N. Gt. George's st., Dublin 
Ward, Thos., farmer. Coolfore. Carriekmaeross. 
Watkins, Thos., clerk, Temple Shannon, Enniscorthy. 

100 TO WAKEFIELD ON 2nd JUNE. 

On Saturday, 3rd June, it was announced 
that the following 100 prisoners had been 
removed from Richmond Barracks, Dub- 
lin, on the 1st June, and lodged in Wakefield 
Detention Barracks on the follow ing day : — 

Ahern, M., Dungourncy, Midleton. 
Ahern, Con., Dun man way. 
Barrett, Ed.. Kilbrittain. 
Brennan, John, Carrowkeel, Roscommon. 
Burke, Thos., James's street, Dublin. 
Burns, Peter, 7 Lindon street, Belfast. 
Butterly, John, Dunleer. 
Bufterly, Nicholas, Dunleer. 
Collins. David. Ballard's lane, Cork. 
Conway, Michael, Grinnage, Craughwell. 
Cornan, John, Macroom. 

Cotton, A. W., RoSemonnt Gardens, Belfast. 
Curtin, Thos., Thomas Davis street, Cork. 
De lioughrey, Peter, Kilkenny. 
Duggan, William, Dunmanway. 
Pahey, John, Carnakelly, Kiltulla, Athenry. 
Fahy, John, Caheravoneen, Co. Galway. 
Fa hey, John J., Bride street. Loughrea. 
Faliev, I'eter, Carnakelly, Kiltulla, Athenry. 
Fahey, Patk., TempTemartin. Craughwell. 
Fergus', Tim. Knocktor, Kiltulla. Athenry. 
Flaherty. M., Binckey, Castlegar, Galway. 
Fleming, Patk., Clarenbridge. Oranmore. 
Fleming, George, Kinvara. Co. Galway. 
Flannery, Ml., Castlegar, Coolongh, Galway. 
Furv, Stephen, Lecarrow. Craughwell. 
Fury, Ml., Lecarrow, Craughwell. 

antley. Patrick. Roscrea. 
Bftraghtv. Oeo'-'re, Roscommon. 
Gill. Joseph, West port. 

Glynn. James. Kairbrothers' Fields, Dublin. 
G-rValish, John. Kingsland, Athenry. 
P'rcul'sh. I'at. Curraghgreen. Galway. 



retrai 
Srega'i 
GT'ifnii 



James. Lower Geo IP" 5 's street, Kin«i"- ir "v-n. 

I'd., Seville ■plaf-c, Nth. Strand rd., Dublin 
M.. R-ib- rb.in 
ll,,lloran. Denis, Kiltulla. Athenry. 
lahh'v. J5nn. BYncny. Castleear, Ga'way. 1 
Ilaiiiiil'fv. Martin. Clarprihridjre, Galway. 
(lanralrm, F.d.. North Strand mad, Dublin, 
larris, T F., Tower street, Cork. 
lanis, M. J., Tower street. Cork, 
larte. Fat.. Oranmore, Galway. 
'•task ins, Robert, no fixed address. 
teuton, David. Loiighcurra. Kinvara, Ga'lway. 
teidh' SataY Doris street, Belfast. 
iig'g'ihs 1 , James, Ellesmefe avenue, NIC. R., 'Dublin. 
rlowley, Patk., Granna, Ardrahan, Galway. 
rlouriha'ne'. ' John, Lick, Skibhereen. . ; 
Iniiey, John, Excise street, Athlone. 
fynes, Thos., Lisdiiff; Craughwell, Galway. 
'ord'ari; Pat., ! Newcastle, 1 Monfvea, Co.- Galway. 
?rarYe, Pat, ' Gnrrane, Co. Galway. 
<prTy," Thos.-, Grange, Dunleer. • , , 

[elly, Thnsi, Skehana-, Peterswell. Co. Galway* . - 
[elly, James,' Grange, Dunleer. i • . i • ; . ■ • 
[elly. T., Penkkv- Co. Clare. ■ .. i ' 

[ing, PaK Kiltulla,' Oranmtore. •• 

"„. W. T, Tnam, ! 
.ayng,''Jf>s.. Dunleer, Co. Louth. : • , < . : . , , ■ 
.eahy, M., Badlywilliam, Queenstown. ? . 

yroch, MYGrannig, Kinsale. , 
lahon, Pat., Kiltulla. Oranmcro. ' . i 

fahon;- Thomas, Kiltulla. i , , ; . ., . : 

lal-inn: Peter Mardyke.i A fchlone.' . ■ 
falone. James, Q'eaccri College, Limerick, 
tanning, Daniel, Ki&iiitain, Co. Cork, 



Manning, Denis, Kilbrittain, Co. Cork. 

McBride, Joseph, Westport. 

McKecver, Andrew. Court street, Enniscorthy. 

McSweeny, T. J Gardiner's terr., Victoria rd..Cork 

Meade, W. J., Kilgarriff, Clonakilty. 

Meade, J. W., Kilgarriff, Clonakilty. 

Mulrenan, Win , Kilkilla, Co. Galway. 

Mulroyan. Bart., Kiltulla. 

Mulroyan, John. Kiltulla. 

Murphy, ML, Aldborough Parade, Dublin. 

Murphy, J., Crossmahon, Bandon. 

Murray, James, Gardiner's place, Dublin. 

Newell. Win., Castlegar, Co. Galwav. 

Newell, James, Castlegar, Co. Galway. 

O'Dea, Jn., Charleville, Co. Cork. 

0;Driscoll, J., Castletownshend. Co. Cork 

^,P r n 'y e . r - Fd., Ballagh, Goo Id's Cross, Tippe'rary 

O llourihane, Peter. Skibhereen. 

O'Leary, Jos., it Tremaddoek road, Clapham. 

OLoughlin, T., Carron, Co. Clare. 

O'Madden, P. L., St. Ignatius Coll.. Galway. 

O'Mahony, John, Gardiner's place, Dublin. 

O'Mahony, C, Ahiohill, Enniskeen, Co. Cork. 

O Shea, P., New lane, Killarncy. 

O'Shea. T., Dunmanway. 

O'Sullivan, M., Fairhiil, Killarney. 

Rickard, James, Balbriggan. 

Ruane, Michael, Glanscaul, Oranmore. 

Scullen, Patk., North Circular road Dublin 

Tomkins, Patk., Tonbrick. Ralivcarney, Ferna. 

Tracey, T., Dean street, Kilkenny. 

Tiacey, M., Athenry. 

43 TO WANDSWORTH ON 2nd JUNE. 

On Saturday, 3rd June, it was announcer) 
that the following 49 prisoners had been 
removed from Richmond Barracks, Dublin, 
on 1st June, and lodged in Wandsworth De- 
tention Barracks on the following day : — 

Bindon. Joiin, Stradbally. 
Byrne Jos., no fixed address. 
Casserly, Peter, Claiegalway. 
Collins, J., Waterdale. Claiegalway. 
Cuffe, Thomas, 4 Pleasants street, S.C.R. 

Cullagban, , Miilstieet, Co. Cork. 

De Bourca, P., Carriekmaeross. 
Donoghue, D., Balliuadee. 
Donnelly, Pat. Monntbe.gna, Carlingford. 
Feency, Pat.. Clarcgalway. 
Ferguson, .Michael, Castletown, Co. Lou Hi. 
Fitzgerald R. s College street, Killarney. 
Foley, J., Ardchiggan. Castletownbere. 
ilanloii, .lames. Castletown, Co. Loath. 
Hennessy, \V , I'ope's quay; Cork. : , : : •. ,- ? ■ 
Hdlgati, Win , Lower New .street, Killarnev, 
Lark'ii, John. 99 Lr. ISdrset street, Dublin. 
Lyons, John, -oriland' place • i . ■ ; . , ■ 

Maguire. Beruj-d, ( lenl'anii, Co. Leitrim. 
Male-no, Thos. Tyrrell's Pass, Westmeaih 
.Martin, Amlfrose, Bal'.ycash, Co. Wexford. 
McAiten, B., As,;abt oy, ("arrickniore. Tyrone. 
MeCroiy, Hugh, Dunrnoyle, Co. Tyrone 
M ; aahan, .Jn-;.. Tivoll Thealr.c. , ■ 
Mullen. D,. 66 \loyne .road. ,, ; 

Bluiphy ,M.' iFlorenee Villas, . Drumco-ndraJ i 
Newell) Michael, C'astl'gar, Gal\\iay : . f .i , . 

NewelJ,, Edward. Ctingw ; ell, Gal.way. . 
Ney'.and.i Thos , .Stradbally, ,Galway. , ! '' ,': 
Nogan, J., Baltimore ' , ; , • 

Nnia,n, ,-Ba,rt., Ranmore.. Galway. . ., i 

O'Brien, "Pat., Waterdale, Claregalwajr.; , -. ; 
O'Connor, B., 1 Brendon .road,., Donnvbr.ook. . ' • ,i. 
O'Doi.ovar? Thos, ,. New .Rirmu^iiaui, Tiiuriesj 
OTIehir, Hugh. -"■ , , 

0'Kell.y,. John T., ,%7, Upr. .Rut^nd .street, Dublin.- , , 
O'Leary. J., ■Clvimivil.ty. . • . . j 

O'Neill, John, Rallybough jroad, Dublin. •;'.■■ , 
O'Nhill.i John, Grenville streo.f. Dublin.' 
O'Conuell, J., Lower Leeson street, Dublin, i , 
O'Dea. Michael Stradb.all.v. j\ilcug,au. I .,.; ., . 
o'Keeffe.. Pat., .Lower Camden street. , . i ,,. i / , i 
O'SjiijHvan. S.. Mounljoy street, ,D,i:Uin , •■ 
RalTley : H«'iael, ballyhril t. (;o '■(jaivmy. . • i 

ScxlJ?Si|..,4 j 1., :St., Joseph's .Hven.iie, Dr,iiHi?ondra. ;. , . 
ShaniiSn. (nia>>., 27. Canning stieti, Belttii. 
Smyth Michael, no address. 
Vaid, P., 24 Uamiiton street. S.C.U. 



86 



50 TO KNUTSFORD ON 2nd JUNE. 

On Saturday, 3rd June, it was announced 
that the following 50 prisoners had been 
removed from Richmond Barracks, Dub- 
lin, on the 1st June, and lodged in Knutsford 
Detention Barracks on the following day:— 

Booth Frank, Alexander street. AV., Belfast. 

Bindon, Thos., Stradbally, Kilcolga. 

Rirrell L'. T-. Williamson s place. Dundalk. 

Carr Martin, Cloonacorncen, Castlegar. 

Conn'cll John, < larenbridge, Oranmore. 

Fallon Bernard. Two-Mile-Ditch. Castlegar. 

Foran.' T., Clonliffe road, DrumconJra. 

Hessin, Michael, Templemartin, Craugnwell 

Johnson James. Limavcane, Sandovvn roan, Leltast. 

Keane John. Derrydonnell, Athenry . 

Kcighcnv, M , Ballyboy, Ardrahan. 

I'et'iy Wra., Attymon, Athenry. 

Kiikullv John, Canshow, Kinvara. 

1 ally Frank, Taltyho. Athenry. 

Larkin. Jos.. Lower Dorset street 

j vi' It Michael, St Clements road, DrumeondrJ.. ■ 

Mam ibnv Michael, Athenry. . 

Mason Thos. St. Jones's ave.. Clonliffe rd., Dubha. 

McCarin Fierce, Ballvowen, Cashel. ' 

McCullO!i"h. Denis, Gros'venor road. Belfast. 

McDowell. Chas., Logan street. Belfast. 

McTrery, Tho*., Cashenmoore, Mnvara. 

McNallv Feter Belvedere place. Dublin. 

Michel! Fat. Anne street. Dublin. 

Monaghan, Pat. Kiltulla, Athenry. 

Merriman. Thos.. Fmmet road Inch wore. 

Nensly, Frank, Chapel lane, Dundalk. 

Nolan, Jas.. Athenry 

r,'F>ea John. Shadberry, Tvilcotean, Oalway. 

O'Neill Felix, Barrack street, Dundalk. 

Ou'irke ' Martin. Ballnagran, Cratighwell. 

Bourke Jas. Coxtriwn, Ardrahan. 

Ron an ' Fat., Castlegar, Co. Galway. 

Rvrter Michael. Ballinamanna, Oranmore. 

ShaWhnessy, Michael, F.allylin, Craughwell. 

Silver". Patrick Ardrahan. 

Smith, Jas Belfast. 

Stanley, J. M., Dpper T.iffey street. 

Stanton. Michael. Cioonarke, Kinvara. _ 

Tanner, Wm., 3 Wilton terrace. Dublin. 

Thomson, Martin, Grnnnn. Ardrahan. 

Thompson, Martin. Failyhene. Ardrahaa 

Thompson. Wm., Ballylvoy. Ardrahan. 

Walsh, Micha?l. Knorkatohc". Kiltulla. 

Walsh Thos.. no fivetl address 

Walsh! Michael.. Glenscnul. Oranmore 

Wall Ma'lin, Brocke.v Castlegar. 

Ward Joseph Kiltulla. M henry.. 

Wilson Thos., Albert Brjdgje roid. Belfast. 



41 TO KNUTSFORD ON 7th JUNE. 

On Thursday, 15th June it was announced 
that the following prisoners were re-r.'ioved 
from Richmond Barracks, Dublin, on the 6th 
June, end lodged' in Knutsford Detention 
Barracks on the following day :— 

Barrett. James, house painter, Athenry, Co. Galway. 
Breonan, James, organ builder, 59 Bride street, 

Dublin. 
Byrne, Joseph, gardener, St. Mary's College, Balh.- 

mines, Dublin. 
Clc-ry John, plasterer. Athenry, Co. Galway. 
Council, Thomas, farmer, Barrctsp.ark, Athenry. ' 
Conollv, Alex., Labour Exchange clerk, 2 Alatnada 

terrace, palls road, Belfast. 
Conolly. Joseph, house furnisher, 38 DlV.td Drive. 

Glen road, Belfast. 
Connors, Joseph, farmer, DcrfOUgh, Co. Galway. 
X)aly. TbomfW, clerk. Mountain View. Tippcrary. 
ftiiggan, Th*«aa8, farmer. Ross Hill. Galway. 
Jttaadon, l>»%»rd, medical practitioner, Borvis, Co. 

< arliw 
Oynne. ArfrjuT, grocer's assistant. 3 Irish street, 
Jinui&corihy. 



Fury, Thomas, farmer, Rhen, Oranmore, Galway. 

Ilealy, F. F., barrister, Wilmount House, Queens- 
town. 

ITowlett, John, messenger 21 Great Ship street. 

Kennedy. Luke, whitesmith, 58 Great Charles 
street, Dublin. 

Lalor, Patrick, artist, 16 Valentia Parade, Dublin, 
N.C.R. 

McCarthy. Daniel, cooper, East Gro?n, Dunmanway, 
Co. Cork. 

M'Linn, Joseph, insurance agent. Tralee. 

Milroy, John, confectioner, 82 Talbot street, Dublin. 

Moaaghan, Philip, school teacher, 7 Carlingford 
terrace, Drumcondra, Dublin. 

Morris, William, butler, St. Mary's College, Rath- 
mines, Dublin. 

Morrisey. Martin, shop assistant, Athenry, Co. Gal- 
way. 

Murphy, Eugene, labourer, Barna Upton. Co. Cork. 

Murphy. Con., farmer, Ballydary, Millstreei, Co. 
Cork. 

Murphy, N. J., commercial traveller, 11 Monck 
street, Wexford. 

O'Brien. William, master tailor, 43 Belvedere place, 
Dublin. 

O'Connor, M. -J., Trade Unioa Secretary, clerk, 
Upper Rock street, Tralee. 

O'Keefe, Eugene, farmer, Courlea, Clonakilty. 

O'Reilly, Paul, machinist, 39 Daniel street, Dublin. 

Redmond, Lawrence, labourer, 2 Caroline row, 
Ringsend. 

Roughan, Bryan, farmer, Derrouah, Co. Galway. 

Ryan, John, farmer's son, Castlegare, Co. Galway. 

Sexton. Timothy, farmer, Skaif, Timoleaguo, Co. 
Cork. 

Silver, Michael, farmer, Rathbairn, Ardrahan. 

Spillane, Michael, boot and shoe-maker, Killarncy, 
Kerry. 

Sullivan, Con., priest's boy, The Presbytery, Dun- 
manway. 

Supple, Patrick, clerk, no fixed address (Dublin). 

Wall, John, farmer's son, Kiltulla, Oranmore Co 
Galway. 

Walsh, John, carpenter, Athenry, Co. Galway. • 

AValsh, Michael, farmer, Rathroon, Bandon, Cork. 

25 TO KNUTSFORD ON JUNE 16th. 

On Wednesday, 21st June, it was an- 
nounced that the following 25 prisoners 
who were removed from Richmond 
Barracks, Dublin, on 15th June, 1916, were 
lodged in Knutsford Detention Barracks on 
the following day:—; 

Coslcllo, Martin, blacksmith, Oranmore. 
Duiioghue, Con., Uatroul, Builinadce, Bandon 
Donoghue, Balk., Ua'trout, Ballinadee, Bandon 
l'ahy, Talk., farmer, Lavally, Craughwell 
I'iiiU.v, Juhn, 40 Nth. Camming .si., Dublin 
Freaney, ML, MouriiA/o West; Oranmore. ' 
llalcs, John, farmer, Knooknacurra, Bandon Corl 
Ualpin, inn. Robt., shipbuilder, k &(,. Valontinol 

terrace. West road, Dublin. 
ITalpin, Wm. Thos., 53 l.r. Doininick si., Dublin 
llanralty, Jas., compositor, Mill street, Dimiiilk. 
Ilcarne, Edward, Spring Valley, Fnniscorlhy 
Ilerty, Thomas, cardrivcr. 17 Bridge st., Dundalk. 
Jourdun, Stephen Jos., bootmaker. Davis st..Athenrjn 
Kelly, John, foreman, Swift'a row. Dublin 
Kelly, ML, farmer's son, Caherleriscaun, Athene 
Lnrhin. Stephen, Danish Islan I, Latter Mullen." 
McCrave, Thomas, carter, Seatowra, Dundalk. 
Murphy; Richd., farmer. Cross street, Athenry. 
Nielanf, Martin, farmer. The Weir, Kilcolgan. 
Nolan Fatk. Jo3., 6 Newfoundland St.. Dublin. 
O'Dea. Thomas, farmer. Stradbally. Kilcolgan. 
O'Dca. 'Pattt. Jos., StruHhally. Kilcolgan, 
Ice.lly, Friuicis, b'acksmilh, Cress street, Allien 
hlokes, Tbos Jon., 11 Duff rev St., Fnniscorlhy 
tborulou. doa„ shopkeeper. Skerries, Co. Du'bl 



87 



211 PERSONS DETAINED AT RICHMOND 
BARRACKS. 



The following official list of the persona 
confined at Richmond Barracks was issued on 
Saturday, 20th May : — 

Allen, James; Allen, Win. ; Allen, Thos. 

Burke, T. F.; Birrell, P. J.; Booth, Frank; 
Byrne, Peter; Burke, James: Burke, Michael; 
Ureunan, Thos.; Burke Thos.; Bindon, Thos.; 
Bracken, Peter; Brennan, J. SI.; Butterly, John; 
Bulterly, Nich. ; Byrne, Jos.; Balfe, Root.; Bren- 
nan, John; Biggs, Patk.; Broderick. J.; Brennan, 
M. J ; Brennan. Patk.; Brennan, F; Byrne, Thos. 

Cullen, James; Cullen, C. ; Carhp-bell, J.; Connor. 
Thos.; Collins, John; Corhett, Dominick; Costello, 
Mich.; Carr, Martin; Cuffe, Thos.; Connolly. Jos.; 
Connolly, Alex.; Cotton, A. W. ; Cleary, T. V.; 
Casseriy, Pat.; Cowley. John; Cooney, John; Char- 
dyce. IScrtie; Cusack, Paul; Cassidy, Michael; Coen, 
Michael; Corhett, John; Clarke. James. 

Donoghue, Peter: Pun levy, Patk.; Daffy, Pat.; 
Daly, Matt; Dixon. Henry; Dorris, Pat. Jos.; 
Duggnn, Thos.; De Bourca, P.; Duridon. Ed.; 
De Eoughrey, Petei'; Dillon, Hubert; Delaney. 
John; Duggan, Thos. 

Elliott, J. J. 

Fitzegerald, T. ; Fopnii 
Fahey, Michael; Fahey. 
Fallow, Bern; Faran. T. ; 
Patk.; Fallon, Michael. 

Cretan, James; Gaffney, Jos.: Greali 
Grealish, Bern.; Garland. P.: Geratby 
Grealish, Patk. ; Gill, Jos.; Oraham. Jos. 

Hurley. John: Dynes. Thos.; Ilaskin, Robt. 
Heron, Sam.; Herty, Thos.; Darte, Win.; lleely 
v . J.; Harris, F F.; Harris, M. J. ; Parte. Patk* 
Holland, Patk.: Pauley Ed.; Higgins, James 
Hogan. Thos.: Hughes, Chas. 

Inskipp, Peter. 

Johnson, J.; Jordan Patk. 

Kim?, Patk., Kavanagh, John; Kirwin, W. 
Kennedy. Luke; Kelly, James; Kelly, Thos. ;' Kelly 
T. ; Keene, Patk. 



Michael; Fogan. Thos.; 
James; Fahey, Martin; 
Figgis, Barrel] ; Fecney, 



, John; 
George; 



Lehey, Deni 
J.; l.ayng, Jus. ; l.y 
Michael; Lynch, M. 

McCarthy, J. J.; 

Mnlroyao. Win. 
Denis; Mc Dowel 
Patk.-. Mu'.len, 
M •, Monaghan. 
M'cCrory, Hush 
Minahan. .Ins.; 
ilahoii, Patk.; 
Mulroy, Bait 



[.ally, Michael ; Parkin, ,T. ; Parkin, 
. John; l.ouyhley, W. ; Lehey] 



J.; "-elinn, Peter; Murrav, Frank 
f-.cf.ouyhlin, Patk.; McCrllough, 
, 'has; Morrissey, Patk.; Mahon, 
/Trench; Murray. Jos.; Murphy, 
foil.; Mi troy, John; MeCarten B • 
McGuire. Bern.; Mr Howes, II.; 
Molone, Thos.; Mooney, Jos.; 
Manor;,. Thos.; Manning. Patk.; 
Mulroy, John.; Maron. John; 
Malone, Jas.; Malin. Jos.; McBride, Jos.; McNally. 
Henry; Morris. Joe; Mahoney, Abel. 

Newell, VVm. ; Newell. Jas.; Nfsev, Frank- 
Newell. Ed.; Newell, Michael; Nolan, Bart. 
O'Leary Patk.: O'Neill. John; O'Neill 
O'Reilly, John; O'Brien, W; O'Brien, 
O'Connor. B : O'Connor. John: O'Urhir. 



O'Mahoiiey. John; O'Kelly T. 



am 



Felix; 
Patk.; 
Hugh; 

John ; 
Thos. ; 



(j ■ O'Neill, 

O Donovan 
; O'Sullivan, G. ; 
; O'Donnell, Philip; 
O'Dwver, Ed.; 
, T. ; O'Ruurke. B. 



O'Neill John; O'Neill, J. J 
O'ConneM, .1.; O' Madden. P. L. 
O'Connor, N. J ; O'Pea J 

llourihane. Peter; O'Longhlin 
1'nrceli, Jer. ; Parker, Thos. 
Onion, Chis.; Quigley, .lis. 

Ral'fly, Michael; Ryan Michael; Ruane, Michael; 
Ruane. Martin- Ryan, Thomas. 

sheridiin, E ; Slack, Austin; Sweeney. Terence; 
Sally, .Pts . smith, .Pis.; Stanley, Jos. M ; Sutne-rV. 

1 llo's ; Scii'lrn J. .1 ; "sinythe, M.cllue); Scullcn, 
1'alk : Siidouoil. Chas. 

'i raee.v, l ; Treaey. Michael 

Wall. Jonn; \\ iIm.ii, Th j« ; Walsh Thos ; Vard. 
P., Warwick, J"S.; Wheiau. Jas.; \\ estuij, Thos. 



Among the names of deported persons 
officially supplied was that of "Andrew Com- 
merford, 4 Upper Kevin street." E. Murray 
of that address wrote to say that no one of 
the name of Commerford lived there. 

In the official list of deported prisoners 
issued on 16th May there appeared the name 
of Myles Redmond, 6 Parnell street, Wex- 
ford'. Subsequently the Irish Times was re- 
quested to state that Myles Redmond did not 
reside at that address. 

Mr. Octavus Hardy, of 17 Belgrave road, 
Rathmines, was arrested at that address in 
connection with the Easter rising in Dublin. 
Ill was released soon afterwards, and re- 
ceived a communication from the War Office 
enclosing an extract from a statement from 
General Headquarters at Dublin. This state- 
ment says: — "It was made clear that Mr. 
Hardy was a thoroughly loyal subject, and 
that his arrest was merely one of the un- 
fortunate incidents which are bound to arise 
in the course of such military operations as 
those which took place in the Dublin area." 

Mrs. Mary McQuade, of 82 Upper Rath- 
mines, pointed out that in the list ot deported 
prisoners officially issued on Friday, 12th May, 
the name Owen Kerrigan, 82 Upper Rath- 
mines, appears. She wished to state that no 
such person ever resided at 82 Upper Rath- 
mines. 



NAMES OF PRISONERS RELEASED. 

206 UP TO 12th MAY. 

The military authorities on Wednesday, 
24th May, announced that after fully in- 
vestigating the cases of the following men 
they were released. This list was made up 
to the 12th May.:— 



Adams, John, 
B. 



Dublin. 



Bannon, Tho<;., Dublin. 
Bateson, Frank, E<m!h 
Begiey, F., Bandon, Cork 
Behan. Ja-s., Eairview. 
Bennett, T., Cast lek nock. 
Bovne, John, Dublin. 
Brady, Thos., Dublin. 
Breenty, Wm,, Dublin. 
Brennan, Thos., Finglas. 
Brennan, L., Dublin. 

I 
Cardigan, Jas., Dublin. 
Carney, Alfred, Dublir 
Carroll. Bernard. Dubl,. . 
Carroll. Pat., Dublin. 
Chavasse, (.'laud, Dublin. 
Clarke, Pat,, Dublin. 
Coade, John, Dublin. 
Codlin, J , Emii.-eortby. 
Condron, J , Lrishtown. 
Coughlan, Ml., Dublin. 

I 
Dalton, Pat., Dublin. 
Darcey, M , Dublin 
Delaney, Thos., Dublin. 
Devon*. Jas., Strabane. 
Devjne, Ed , Strahaiie. 
Dihon, ■ Jas , Dumlrum. 
Divine, Thos , Dublin 
Donnelly, Jus-., Dublin. 

! 
Egan, We, Dublin. 



Brophy, Thos.. Dublin. 
Brown, Jas , Dunlin. 
Buryne, Peter, Dublin. 
Butler, Geo., Dublin. 
Butler, Jas., Dublin. 
Byrne, John, Dublin. 
Byrne, P. J., Enniscorthy 
Byrne, V., Dublin. 
Byrne; Ed., Dublin. 



Conly, M„ Dublin. 
Conmore, P., Eni.^rorthy 
( onroy,Jas.,sen , Dundaik 
Cohroi. Jas., jun., do 
i 'orcoran, Pat., Dublin 
Corngan, Jas.. Kilkenny 
C">giove, Ed, Ne« bridge 
C nsh'ue, Thos., Galway. 
C'l rtis. Jas., DuLhn. 



p. novan. M , Dublin. 
Doyle, Sylvester, Dublin. 
Devle, '1 hos , Duhlici 
DcsvNng, Thos . Dublin. 
Dunne, Thos , Dublin. 
Dunne, Thos., Dublin. 
Duiibar, J. is , herui 
Dyaas. Albert, Dublin. 

Eiir'ght, John, Dublin. 



C3 



Flanagan, Rev. Patrick. Fitzgibbon, M., Fcrmoy. 

Riiigseiul. I'lynn. P., Phibsboro.uah. 

Flatmugan. T. Fitzpatriek, Thos.. Dublin 

lechan, Jas., Dublia. Fitzsimmons, John. do. 

G. 

flavin. Tims., Co. Louth. Orecn. Arthur, Dindalk. 

Geoghan, Stephen. Grrrn. Pat., rVuhiin. 

Gerathy. Pat.. Dublin. Gordon, Ed., Dublin. 
Gogan, Richard, Dublin. 

H. 

TTannon, Arthur, Dublin. Ilolmps. Thos., Dublin. 

Harper, Thos. Dublin. Ilolton John 

Harrison, Pte. Robt. Howard. Ed., Dublin, 

lleffornan. Wm., Dublin. Howard, Cornelius do. 

Hennes'sy, Pat Hunter. John. Dublin. 

ifpvry, Thos. Enniscorthy Dnssey, G., Dublin 

Iiognn, ML, Co. Wexford llynes, 51., Co. Galway. 

J. 

Jennings. Thos., Dublin. Jordan, ML, Enniscorthy 

K. 

Kane. Jos., Dublin. Kelly. Jos.. Dublin. 

Kavanngh. Art. Kelly. J. M„ Dublin. 

Kavanaah. Ed.. Dublin. Keenin. Thos., Dublin. 

Kavanatrh. John Dublin. Kennedy. J., Athenry. 

Kavanaah, M .. Dublin. Kennv, ML, Dnhlin 

Kelly. ML, Dublin Kcogh. Tims., Dublin. 

Kellv, Matt.. Dublin. Kinse.Ua. ML, Dublin 

Kelly. Aid. J. J., Dublin. Kirwan, Thos., Dublin. 

L. 

Falor. Fenton, Co Louth. Leech. Thos-.. Dublin. 

Labor, Pat., Dublin. Lee, Hugh. Dublin. 

Lambe, Pat., Dublin. Lemas. John, Dublin. 

Law lor, Pat.. Clontarf. Lynch, Pat. 

M. 

Maekev, Robt. M'Krnnn. John. Dublin. 

Ma honey. J., P.andon. M'Namara, G. F., Dublin 

Maugin M., Dublin. M'Namara, T., Limerick. 

Mapothrr, Pat. F.. do. M'Quillan. Wm.. Louth. 

Mapother. ML J., do Meade, ML. Dublin 

Markliam. T J, Fairview Moloney, J., FingTas. 

Mason Pat., Dublin. Moore, Andrew, Dublin. 

M'Cabe. ML. Dublin. Moore. Peter. Dublin. 

M'Carthy, Barry. Dublin. Monks. Christopher, do. 

M'CaiMiy, M, Co ( ork. Morrimnn. Ed.. Dublin. 

M 'Clean'. Wm., Dublin Mlirragh, Jos., Dublin. 

M'Cormack. Chris., do Murphy. Robt.. Dublin. 

M Dennett. Louis. Dublin Murphy. A., Dublin 

MacDonaa). in?., Dublin Murphy, R., Go Cork 

M'Donell. Andrew Dublin Murray, J, Enniscorthy. 

MOiaue. Mi, Dublin Murray, Pte. Jas. 
M'Guire, J., Enniscorthy. 

N. 

Naughtcr, Jas., Dublin. Newsome, F., Enniscorthy 

O. 

'VRrien Pat., Dublin. O'Neill. Clarence. 

(ilium. Denis, Dublin O'Neill. Aid 1. . Dublin. 

O'Connor, IVier. Dublin O'Neill. Pat. Dublin. 

tin nneil, ( tins.. Dublin O'Norton, Owen 

O Donneil. W m , Dublin O'Reardon, N ., Dublin. 

O'Dwyer. Ml. Dublin O'Reilly, Pal.. Dublin. 

11 Kir, v John. Droaheria O'Reilly. John Dublin 

OMala.nev. [id. Dal. in o Rourke. Fred. Dublin. 

O Moore. Rono'iali do O'Khen. John, Dulum 

< 1 Murray, Ed . Dublia, O'Toole. Eras . Dublin. 

O Neill. John, Clare. Oman, V. in.. Dublin. 



Tahan. Richard. Dublin. Thornton. Pat., Dublin. 
Tanning, M., Fittglas. Treling, M., Dublin. 



Wall, Joseph E.. Dublin. Wills, Robe-lit. 

Walsh, Wm., Dublin. Wills, Henry, Dublin. 

White, ML, Dublin. 

Y. 
Young, Ed., Dublin. 

64 WOMEN UP TO 22nd MAY. 

On Monday, 29th May, the military authori- 
ties announced that having fully investigated 
the cases of the following men and women, 
they had been released. This list was made 
up to the 22nd May :— 

Names of sixty-four 1 women prisoners w ho 
ia ere released : — 



Barrett 


Kitty. 


Mailer, Kathleen.- 


Brady, 


Bridget. 


Markhan. Pauline. 


Brown, 


Kate. 


Martin, Kate. 


Brort n. 


Martha 


McCauley. Julia. 


Byrne, 


Mary. 


McGowan, Jos.phina, 


Byrne, 


Katie. 


McLaughlin, Maggie. 


Byrne. 


Eileen. 


McNamara, Rose. 




C 


M.fNaniee, Agnes. 


Ca rron. 


May. 


Mead, Florence. 


Coonpy 


Lily. 


Mitchell, Carolina. 


Cooney 


Annie. 


Mullally, Rose. 


Cooney 


Eileen. 


Mu, La! 1 , Lizzie 


Cosgrave, Marcella. 


Murphy, Kathleen. 




D 


Murtagh. Bridget. 


Davis, 


Bridget. 


N 




E 


N-orgrove, A:'rie~ 


Ennis, 


Ellen. 


Norgrove, Em ; iy. 




F 





Fleming 


r; Kathleen. 


O'Brcnnan. Lil'y. 




C 


O'Daly, Nora 


Gaban, 


May. 


O' Flaherty. Margaret. 


Goff, 


JridGret. 


O'llanlon, Sheila 


G re nan 


Julia. 


O'Keeffc, Josephine. 




H 


O'KcefTe, Kmily. 


Racket 


Rns.anna. 


O'Moore. May 


ITegart 


-. Rridcet. 


O'Sullivan, Louisa. 


Humphreys, Ellen. 


P 




J 


Partridge. Mary. 


Joyce, 


Maggie. 







K 


Oiii'rVv, p-'isci'la. 


Kellv, 


Kittv. 


Qtngley, Maria. 


Kelly, 


Martha. 


R 


Kelly. 


Josephine. 


Retz, Barbara. 


Kenny, 


Bridy. 


S 


Kennedy, Margaret. 


Seerv, Kathleen. 




L 


Sh.anaharan Jane. 


Listen, 


Catherine. 


Spici-r, Jurephine. 


l.iston, 


Mary. 


Sullivan, Mary 


(..vans, 


Bridscet. 


T 


Lynch, 


Bessie. 


Troston, Catherine. 



133 MEN UP TO 22nd MAY. 

Names of male prisoners, released from 13tfc 
May to 22nd May, inclusive : — 



Pirker, George, Dublin. Picker. .I Galwav 
l'-i, Denis Dili tin. Ponder. Ilirnv, Dub'in. 

Phillip.-, Matthew, Dublin. I'rmgle, Robt , Dublin. 


Quino, J >hn. Dublin Quinn, Patrick, Dublin. 

n. 
Rjfter, William Rowan l.aur Kiilr-p. 

Ui'uni Lawrence Dublin Riwiefl, T Raitrtnii, Cork 
1: . Ihtniriie. Divid, do Ryau, J , D .him 
KiluoMiy. Robt .Dublin 

Si 

-m-l.-i-s. W. Dublin. Slamri.rd. V' , V-bMii. 

>,uii.. \\i'ii(m Stake, P. ftnnlscorihy. 

m-hts, David Dublin. Sntlon. Ml. Euiiiscoiiny. 

•s.-ivci- -. A ib lone Suaim. Aid ... Dublin 

Mii-I Pird Wlllii'ii PrtPHIlPy, A. KilOa'p 

Rhrrubin, John, fork. Svuiiod. J. inn. term. 

4ta fiord, lieu.. Dublia. 



AHen, Ceo., Dublin. 



c 



Bin ian. J ,.eph 
P >v 1 in, I', Lv«rd 
Roylan, Peter. 
Riven I 'tit 
Brusu.a, John, Tralee. 



C-tf'ey. Frs .. Dublin 
Carney. T, Oraniooro. 
( arr. Jos . Droghedft 
1 .i-i-.v. James 
Caseidy. r , Mul.tfngar. 
< I irk p, Jis. Dublin 
fiiiiiii8. I.J.. IXuiilM'e 
Ui i«u. 1'U .( larenbi iiU'o 



Butler, D , Coiirf.own. 

Bvrne. John, Dublin. 

Byrne, Ice, Dublin. 

Byrne, Joseph. 






Corcoran, llios., Clare* 

bridge. 
Couioiy. Win., Euni* 

corihy 
Cr<iwe. Martin, Ru,ui% 

Co Clire 
Cudden, Matt., Dublin. 



83 



Dnsrsan, E. 

Dempsey, Cbas., Dublin. 
Duffy, Thos.. Dublin 
Donohne. J as., L'nnis- 

corthy. 
Doyle, Richard, flo. 
Dougherty, John. Sandy- 

moimt. 
Dowling, ML, Dublin. 

Edelstein. J. 



E. 



Donoffhue Dan., Dublin. 
Dunne, John, Dublin. 
Duke Rich., St. Mar- 
garet's. 
Duff, Anthony, Skerries. 
Dulig, ML, Tralee. 
Doyle, John A. 
Doyle, Thos., Dublin 
Devitt, E., Dublin. 

Elliott, John J.. Athlone. 



Fay, James, Dublin. Fitzgerald; John, Gias- 

FUtnnagan, T.,Oranmore. nevin. 

Fulham, Thos.. Dublin. 
G 
Graffigan, Ed. Digby, Dublin. 



Halpin, J. F. Dnbli't. 
Itaipin, J., Dublin 
Hughes, Gbt., Athlone. 
Hardy, O., Dublin. 
Hardy, J., Dublin. 
Humphreys, J.. DuWi' 
Harnett, Richard, do 



H 



Hastings, John, Dublin. 
ITalloran, J., Oranmore. 
Itinvey, John, Dublin. 
Hanvey. Robert, Dublin. 
Hanvey, Francis Lubi'a 
Hynefe, Wm., Oranbeg. 
Hogau, Win., Dublin. 



Jenn : ngs,M. O V. Dublin Jones, Peter, Dublin 



K 



Kavanagh, Tat, Ennis Keogh, Ml., North Strd. 

ou'ihy Kennedy John, Dublin 

Kavanagh, John, M'l- Kilcoyhe, Arthur, DnblMi 

town, F r rns. Kennedy, Jas., Tralee- 
Kelly, P. B., Cabra Pk. 



Lyndon P. 

Laden, Matt., Dublin. 

Larkin, John, Dublin. 



M 



f a'-ev, Ml.. Skerries. 
Lang, Francis, Dublin. 
Lawler. C'has., Glasnevin 



MeGill, Edmund. Matthews. John. Dublin. 

RIcGloughlin, Ml., Dublin Munstet, Thos., TJrogheda 

Murray,' Ben., Funis- Meflugh, Phil . Thniskeen 

corthy. Mahoney, Abel, Tralee. 

Murphy, Rbt., do. McKenna, Ml., Tralee. 

Moran, Ml, Rnniscorthy. MaeMahon, Fred W., 
lilcManns, Wm., Dublin Dublin. 

McAllister, HI., Dnnahate Mc,Grath, Pat., Dublin, 

Murray, Peter. Athlone Moore, John, Dublin. 

Maloney. II. J.. Dublin. Martin, J. P., Gahvay. 

Murray, Jos., West land Molloy, John. Dublin. 

row' Moroney, John, Dublin. 
N 

Nolan, Ml., Er.niseorthy Norrie, David II., Lon- 
douderiy. 



O'Brirn John. Athlone. 
O'Neill, Geo., Dublin. 
O'Brien, Pat. Vbi.. do. 
C-'Shea, HI.. Tralee. 
O'Reilly, John, Dublin. 

rhelan, Thos.. Dublin. 
Power, Jos., Inchieare. 
Power, Wm., Inehicore. 
Power, Arthur, do. 

Quinn, Hugh, Dublin 



0" Donoffhue, t>r. TIarrv, 

Dublin 
O'Neill, John, Dublin. 
O'Donnell, Phil., Clonrnd 



Phillips, P J., Dublin. 
Parnell, Mat.. Dublin. 
Perry. Geo , Dublin. 



Quigley. J.. Dublin. 



R 



Riiiley, Pat., Enniscoit>>;.' Pedrnond. Mat., Dublin 

Rrtldin, Kerry. How'th Reilly. Martin 

Reddin, Kenneth, Iluwth Farrell. Wm.. Dublin. 

Redeun Gefani, llowth. , Reilly, Matthtw, Dublin. 

S 

Scully, Thos., Dublin. Sweeney, ML, Harold's 
Sweeney, Owen, Athlon". Cross. 

Sherlock, John. Skerries Shelly, John, Dublin 

Shaiiley. ML, Skerries Ktcinberser, Prof -Galwiy 

Smith. John, Dumfries. Southwell, John, Newry. 

feueclman. John. Kells. Scott, Win. 



Tharkaberry, Wui. 
Ijn. 



Dub- 



w 



Walsh, Coleman. Dublin Walker, lct"K Dublin. 

Wilson, Rbt.,Enriiscorthy Vf $i"\wns,, H., S^irview. 

Whrlan, Pat., Fm->k. Waldron, Rich. |{ . 
Maiker, ML. L.ionn. Sandjm'mnt. 

238 MEN UP TO 29(h MAY. 

It was announced on Friday, 2nd June, that 



the military authorities, having fully in- 
vestigated the cases of the following men, 
had ordered 1 their release. This list was 
made up to the 29th May : — 



Allen, Thos., Summerhill, 
Co. Meath. 

Allen. W.. Summerhill. 
On, Meath. 

Allen. Jas.. Summerhill. 
Co. Meath. 

I 

Brien, Jas., Dublin. 

Brien. Patrick, Dublin. 

Bracken, Thos., Dublin. 

Brown, Arthur. Irishtown 

Poland, Wm., Sackvillest 

Byrne, John, Dublin. 

Biggs, Pat., Galway. 

Broderick, J., Galway. 

Byrne, L.,16 Havelock so- 

Byrne. Jos., 19 Marl- 
borough st. 

Burke, Win., Dublin. 

Boland, Chas., Dublin. 



Ahearne, Jas., Garran- 
feen, Kilbritiain. 

Alexander, William R., 
ErookficlH liiackrock 



Birmingham, T., 91 Up. 

Rathmines. 
Boylan, L., Boolerstown 
Mrodenck, ML, Claren- 

bridge. 
iJehan, Thos., Rathangan 
Burke, Wm., Peterswell. 
Burke, John, Dublin. 
Brennan, .)., Ballinadee. 
Barrett, John, Kilbrittaio 
Berry, John, Bandon 
Byrne, John J., Kingst'n 
Blake, Thos., Dublin. 



Corcoran, Pat., Dublin. Conway, .Tonn, Dublin 
Condon, T., Ashbourne, Cooney, Dom., C'raugh- 



ell. 

Collins, Tim., Ballinadee 
Campbell, Jas., Fintona 
Chapman, Thos., Dun- 

cormick. 
Conway, John, Holly- 
mount. 
Conroy, Ed., Rallin- 

temple, Co. Galway 
Jrowley, Tim., "".allinad>je 
Cnllen. James, Dubli 



Meath. 
Casserly, John. 
Campbell. G., Dublin. 
Carroll, Jas., Ferns. 
Collins. John, Dublin. 
Collins, ML. Sheffield. 
Cuffc, Jas., Harold's 

Cross. 
Cnfl'e. Pat, Harold's Cross. 
Cahill, Wm., Cianahwell 
Cogan, R., Mardyke. 
Connor, J.. Tiaquin, Co. Cnllen. Thos., Duncor- 

Galway. mick. 

D 
Donoghue, Thos., Dublin Dwyer. Stephen, Kil- 
Dovle, Jas. Ferns. kennv. 

Dovle, ML, Gorey. Dempsey. Jas., Pe'f^t. 

Daiv, P. F., Dublin. Dorney. J. C., Dublin. 

Delaney, ML, Dublin. Doyle, ML. Dublin 

Dowling, Ed-., Dublin. Dunne. James, Dublin. 
Duvle, Thos., Crumlin, Delaney. Henry, Dub in. 

Co. Dublin. Doyle, Pat., Dublin 

Dunbar, Martin. Ferns. Darcy, John, Dublin, 
Dulv Pat. J., \thenrv. Dovle, John, Killarney. 
Dalton, L. J., Tipperary Dalv, John, Rathbally 
Dempsey, Win., Dublin. more. Co. Cork. 

Hunlearv. Chris.. Dublin Dovle, Pat., Alhenrv. 
Duffy. Pat., Clandoogan, Darcy, Pat., l>dlkey. 

Co. Mavo. Doherty, J oh a, Athenrv 

Donaghy, P., Fintona. 



F^in, Pat., Dublin. 
Evans; Robert, Dublin. 



E nn is, Matt.,Ennlscorth* 



Fa lining, J., New Ro^. 
Fitzgerald, Theo., Dul> 



Finite. Joseph. Corey. 

Flvnn, J A., Dublin. 

Flynn, Frank, Dublin. 

Feuan, Thos.. Clundoo- Fo\, Bernard, Black rocX 

gaii Co. Meath. Fitzgerald. W„ I mhicorj 

Fenan, Ml. Clandoogan, Fallow. Pat, Balla, Co 

Co. Meath. Mayo. 

Fasan, James, Dublin. Fielding. Thos., Barn 

Fagan, John, Dublin. town, Co. Wexford. 



Gunnigle, L., Cliffoney, Gcragbty, Martin. 

Co. Sligo. Gilmartin, Chas.. CI" 

Griffin. Maurice, Tralee oney, Co Sli'-'O 

Colliding. Jas, Dublin Oavu ir. Pit. Dublin 

Grainy. Hugh, Crau^fc- Goulding. Thos., Dut.iir 

well. Geouhetian, Pd.. Dublin 

Goodwin, John. Gavin, J., Westnort 

Giilunni, Bryan, Manor- Gardiner. .Lis.. Mtinivv 

b iiiil'tiu) Goul hng, ML, Balla, C 

Gil mail in, J., CI ill oney, M.ivo. 

Co. Siigo Grealiali, J.. Crauiihve' 



cc 

H W. 

ifirkin Ml Dro^hedu. Haves. Thos. (sen. 1 ), Whelan. Ed R.. "OnbJin Ward, Pat Dublin. 

Hanlev Ed Galwav- KimiscorMiy. Ward, B. M.. Dublin. Wiseman. Win Coik. 

UeratT" Hubert' West- Hughes, I'm? Westport. Ward, P J.. Dublin. Wallace; J. W., New- 

Diirt' Co Mavo Hogan, Tat., Gorey. Walsh. R.. Dublin. bridge . 

Hv,k- John fork. Ila.pin, Patrick. Dublin White, Pat., publia. Watkms T.. Eniiscortrf 

llannbn Ed.. Cliffoney, Houghton. <. lifii.., Dublin. Windrum, S. Wr. Lmrck 

l ,, ^li^o ltvdc, Joseph, Banrlou. Y. 

Ha.'iiion John Cliffoney. Harvey, Thos , Dublin. Young, John. Dublin. 

Hill, S- 11.. Dublin. Uoban, John, Castlebar. 191 UP TO 2nd JUNE. 

' The military authorities on 8th June an- 

Irtskipp, Jos.. Dublin. ^ nounced that, having fully investigated th« 

Jordan. Ml.. Killrslian- Jordan, Tat., Dublin. cases of the following 191 prisoners, they 

dra. had ordered their release. This list wai 

L -,, K '- ,, rr, v t>^~ made up to 2nd June, inclusive: — 

Kelly, M J., Summcrh'li Kelly. Thos., Kew Ross. r > 

Kelly, Pal rick Dublin KilmartiiK Pat.. Dublin. Bnrke . Ed ., Athenry. Byrne, Chris., Naas. 

Kelly. Matt. Dublin kern; lhos.. Lnnis- , JlaviTOV Johl , Athlone. Byrne. Nicholas, do. 
Kel:y, Isaac, Dulilin. corthy. 

Keaiing, Jas.. Dublin. Kenny, Chris.. Bathan 



Barry, Jos.. Dublin. Broun, John, Sligo. 
C 



Kchoe, J. Lnni,eo, h.v. £< i uhpnrv Corcoran. Pat., 42 Cooney, P. J. J.. Dublin 

Kavanagh. Jas. Dubl.n. Km .edj .A L rtm.A n nry w.iterford st. Crowley. Ml., New Host 

Krly. James Athenry Kearney, Pat Du > in. Cal!a „ all- T., Craughwell Coyne. Michael, SUgo. 

Kenny, S J., Vestnort keane John, uaren- Corl , L , tti pat. Craughwell Connolly. Ml., Dublin 

Kenny Moses. Gorey. bridge. Cortett, T., Craughwell. Comerford. E., Kilkenny 

Keane, Martin Athenry. Kcyille, Pat., Lai. a, Co. Cunniffe , Pat ., I.onghrea Cunniffe, T., Oraumore. 

Ivavaiiagn, Ml., Lnnis- Mavo ,,„„„, P Coyne. J F., Kilkenny Cleiy. Thos V.. Dublin. 

~?P rfb £i r- , ,, K;,van l , - a - J - Mncor- cie-g. Jas., New Ross. Carney Finn J., Dublin. 

Kelly. Pat, Craughwell nnek. Crowley, Pat.. Random Corish, R.. Wexford 

_,. . .*-■ Crowley, Wm., Bandon. Carroll, J.. Euniscorthy 

I.ohan, John. Westport Crowley, M.J. .New Ross 



M. 



D. 



M'Longhlin, Pat., bandy- McElhgott. J, Drumcon- ife r „ani, Rbt.. Skerries. Dairy, J. F, Tnchico-e. 

mount. ,. ' ra " ,, . ,, Doyle, Win., New Ross. Dully. E. .)., Lou'dcrry. 

Murphy. Jos., Dublin. Maioney M. ; Athenry. Delahuntv, M.. Lough rea De Lomrhrey, Lawrence. 

Mo>a>d. Th>«. Dnb'n. M.kipaitis, Ante Zecks, noyle Joh „ N(>w Uuss Kilkeimv 

Murray. F. DrumcondrH Finland. Deeiran, Martin, do. Dooley, Ml., Athenry. 

M.jran John. Galway Manning 1 at., ivil- |) U n he , Tim., Dublin. Dooley, J. J„ Alhenrv. 

McDonald. Ed. Canmlin. sallaghan Dunne. Andrew, Naas. Du Courdieu. J . Dublin 

MKvov .lis.. 8 Red- Met rum. A., Roscom- j), irine , ];,<;., N aas . Darcv. Pat., Dublin. 

mond's II.M. num. Dowling, T. P.. Dublin. Doody, Pat., Dublin. 

Murphy. Matt. Ferns. Mnnney. 1 bos.. Rathan- Dowling, Louis Dublin Di uleavv, Pat., Tuam. 

M'Doiinell. Fras., Dublin. Kan. Dowling. 0. M-l Dublin. Dunne, John J.. Dublia 

McD.-nnei], Paul. Dublin Mane, r^nis. Diibl.n jD uff> Henry, Dublin. 

Mr'iarnsite. C, Cliftoney Murray, Francis Dublin £ # 

Mabon. J. (sen i, Dublin Murphy. Tim. B.al'ydaly E"-an Martin Gort F. 

MrTeargart, Thos.. Du i- Mannion John, Craugn- Fahev, * Pat.. ' Loushrea. Fahey. T. Craughwell. 

da Ik «ell. Fitzgerald. Thos., Kerry Fortune. Francis, Dublin 

Miich-ll John, Ath-nrv ^llaaiP, Jer Cork Parrel!, John. Dublin Parrell, Jos., Broadston*. 

McGuinness, F, Long- MeCnnn. Pob. Dublin Fortune, Daniel, Gorey. Finn. Emrene B.ackrock 

1 nd. Maddock. \> m , Duucar- Fitzgerald, J. .Newbridge Fortune, VV., Enniseorthv 

M Lire. J W., Dublin. mirk • , Forde. J. Craoehwell. Fallon, Ml, ( ranghwell 

Mumhv Ml.. Alhenrv. M nlvey. Dnmimek. Rath- Furlong, T., Kilkeimv. Far-ell, Ml., Athenry. 

M,-l n I'-lilin. Pal.. Sum- farnham v.,h e v. Ma' 1. Dublin Fahy, Pat. J., Kin vara. 

neil.ill. Co. Meath Mnmrv. Tims.. Cn=11ebar Furious, h Vilashee. 

Mcll ugh, M., Castlebir. ' C. 

N - Green, M. J., oinrlirea Grehan, Pat. F., Naas. 

SettoT Tho«., Gatway. Noone, James, Dublin. Gegan, ML, Cramrhwell (iormau. \v., L'nuiscorthy 

Soian, John. Dublin. Gallon, Pat., Co. Tyrone Grady, Thos., Feakle. 

0. H. 

() Bunnell. .1 . P., Tralee. OTTeldr, Ml.. Dublin. llumphrevs. R.. Dublin. ITarte, B. Vin., TVi'lkey 

(•Neiil. Ml. Inrhipore. (t'liiien, J., Il^'a I e ,..-1 llavert-y, R., New Inn. Ilarte, John, Kilkenny 

DVhea. J P. Dublin. O'Brien. W„ Ballvbtard Hvr.es, !hl., Craughwell JL.rtlev, John. New Uoss 

ii\eiii. Pt-ler. l.orey O Neill M. J, Fern* Dnnt, Iliihert. Corofin. Ilavden. Pat.. New Mass 

OToinior, John M, o'l earv, Jas.-. BaMineen limit. Win., Corofin. Hayes, Jas.- BriJgetown 

rfnhlin (>"Grady, Staudi&b Deb- Hanniffv. ML. Athenry. Hession. Ml., '"cunsrhweli 

o'l.carv. Pal .1 C-va'.i I'm lliggins. M. F., Kilkenny llolnes, Dtnis, ,4 <iiin. 

iji<mne:i. John Vin.. 'O'Ri.uike. Pat, Dnb'ui. J. 

I laierifk f> Br-en. Thos, 'rest'Hirt Jordon. Daniel. Bandon Judg", Richard, Dublin 

Olmrnhmi J.. Ml'))'- (VNflll. J'.lm. PinltlVi. K. 

hirmBton. ORoiirke, B, Inn^skeen. Kennedv. M., CrauarhweU Kiv.'.natrh, J. Dublin. 

O'Cimiur T .1. Tiggirt Kenny, Ml., Rathangan. Kelly. Thos., Dcblin, 

P. Kenny, Jos., Bat baii'-an Kehue, Tim. A. .New Ros* 

Phelan, I'd. Dnllin. Perry, Jas., Dublin. Kenny, Pat., Raihansran Keane, Peter. si<,.rriej 

I* f»er, T. P.. Dublin. Kavanagh, P.. Dublip Keogh, Jos.. Dublin 

Q. K earns, John, Louehrea. Kelly .1 , Ballaghaderr*. 

CJniim John Craiiirhwell Kelly. Thos., Dublin Kelly, Uenrv. Dublin 

R. Kent. John. New llu.'s. Kirwau, Win., Dublin. 

I' ^n. ill-, (b'-. Dublin. Bean, Jas., Cbiremorris. Kealy, Martin, Kilkinny 

llfii. T. Kilsallanhan. Reilly, Jas., Balla. L. 

S. l.vr.ns. M'm. Vena r.ehane. Pat., Cork. 

• •rvth Frm».. D'i'lin. SI Clair, Martin. Cork. l.oiiurhrey Ml., Oovt L.VPg T 1 ", is., Dublin. 

Pmnilen Pit., 7 I'-in^li's Mie. ti ni, P-it. Dublin Lindsay, John, D'jblin Lynch, Pat, New Ross. 

u.m«\ Stafford. Jufto, Dmuor- M. 

Bi.i'pr C'-o . KilNrnev. nit k. McTiene. Pat. Lonrhrea McDonnell, W. K..r.andoi 

Sieehan. Ml. New Ross Martin. I at.. I.ounhrea M:Carfhy, J ., Timoleagof 

T. Muribv L'l J .New Ross Murph.v Jas. Barry 

Tre-cv Its N-uirlvtn 1 1 it lu'mi Maurice, Rath- Murphy. John, Set Boss Morgan. M., CraughweB 

) mu, ins Iliige uiint-s MiCriih T., N>»< Boss Mhv, P. C, Goreshridg* 

luiiier. Pat., Dub'ia. Ma^uire\ D., Bal'.»rl r -gaii Mullatly, A. Kilkenny. 



91 



M. 

Madigan, Jas., do. Moroney, Thus.. Dub'in. 

Moore, Peter, Dublin. Martin, Jos., Dublin. 
McIIugh. Wm., Dublin. Moran. Lewis;!., Curragh 
Miller, GL.Booterstovvn av McDonald, John, Dublin. 
Murphy, Wm., New Ross Mcehan, J., Dublin. 
McHugh, Mvles, Diihliu McLaughlin, J., Kilmain- 
Mellugh, Pat.. Dublin. barn. 

Mullany, J. J., Athlone. Murray, Pat., Dublin. 
Murpnv, Pat., Dublin. 

N. 
Neary, Thos., Kilkenny. Nolan, 1\, Ballsbridge. 
Nome. Pat., Athe.iry. 

O. 
O'Connor, Alf G.Dublin O'Doheiiy, Wm. S., 
O' Kelly, ML, Naas. Drumtondra. 

O'Neili, John, Nov.- Ross O'Dvvyer. Ml., Kilkenny. 
O'Leary, Simon, do. O'Halloian, T , Kinsale. 

O'Connor, R-. BlackrOck O'Hal'oran. J., Kinsi.le. 
O'Ki t nedy, M J., New O" Byrne; John, Dublin. 
Koss. O'I'ara, Peter, Dublin. 

O'Kennedy, P. A, do O'Brien, Dan., Tippt'ary 

O' Kennedy. J., New Koss O'Flanagan, Ml., Dublin 
O'Keett'e, John, Cork. 

P. 
Pnrc'ell Ml., Kilkenny Prendergast, J. .New Ross 
Parsons, Pat., Kilkenny. Pu'cell, Phil. P., Dunlin. 



Ronghan, Pe'cr, Gort 
Rjan, Ml., Kilkenny. 
Rynne, Wm., A'rdee. 
Roche. .i'..bn, Bandtii! 



Rudy, HansC. BlackrocK 
Rodgers, II., Sixmileeross. 
Rooney, P., Craughwell. 
Ralph, Thos., Westport. 



Shannon, Ml. J., Cla-e Slarie, R., Sixmilecross. 
Saul, James Dublin. Smyth, L., Magberafelt. 

Sweeney. Pat., _\ougn-ea Shaughnessy, J., Craugh- 
Srnyth, Chas., Kilkenny. well. 
Sche'ly, Jos., New Koss Stokes, T., Ennisrorthy. 
Stafford, Thos.. Taghmhi 

T. 
fravers, M., New Ross Tuohy, Jos., Feakle. 

W. 
Walsh. Thos., Athenry. Walsh, Pat., Athenry. 
Warner, Peter. New Ross. Walsh, L. J., Drouheda. 
Walsh. L., Kilkenny. White, Ml., Ennisrorthy. 

Waldron, John, Athenry. Ward, Pat. J.. Dublin. 
212 UP TO 7t!l JUNE. 
The military authorities announced on 13th 
June that, after fully investigating the cases 
of the following 212 men, they h"^ ordered 
their release. This list is made uj. from the 
4th to the 7th June, inclusive : — 

A. 
Ashe. MI. .T., Dublin. Arrhbold, Wm.. Dublin. 
Allen, A., Enniseorthy. 

B. 
Brown, J., Craughwell. Ruekley, Jerh.. Dublin. 
Byrne, Martin, Dublin. Byrne, Jos.. Dunlavin. 
Brennan, J., Dublin. Byrne, Joseph, Dublin. 
Banks, Henry. Dublin. Birmingham, P. Dublin. 
Birrell. L., Dublin. Brett, Pierce, Kilkenny. 

Byrne," James, Dublin. Brorlerick. Ml., Athenry. 
Burke. Michael. Dublin. Burke. Patk., Athenry. 
Bradley, R., Dublin. Boyne, Wm, Enniseorthy 

C. 
Coyne. M., Loughgeorge Connolly, T., Derryhoyle 
Coy, Jas., Craughwell. Carter. John, Dublin. 
Coy. Ml., Craughwell. Chancy, W. J., Dublin. 
Cooney, Wm.. Dublin. Chancy, Patk., Dublin. 
Carter, R., Booterstown. Caffrey. Leo. Dublin. 
Cunningham. J.. Dublin. Cullen, Ml., Dublin. 
Cunningham, P.. Dublin. Cregg, Lauehlin Dublin 
Cusnck, J., Drumcondra. Creswell, Ed., Dublin. 
Colgan Danl., Dublin. Carroll, Thos., Dublin. 
Cahill. ' Patk., Dublin. Carroll, Nicholas. Dublin 
Cooney. Ml.. Dublin. Cart.V, M.. Enniseorthy. 

Campbell. John. Dublin. Curtis. O'Leary 
Cremen, M, Rathfarnham Chapman, P, Bal'.yneefy. 

D. 
Duffy. Wm., Athenry. Dillon, Hubert, Aftymon 

Dempsey. P. Craughwell Doyle, Ml.. Athenrv. 
Du Bourdieu, A. Sandy- Drinnan. Wm., Dublin. 

mount. Dunne, Jos., Dub in. 

Darby, Chas., Dublin. Donohoe, S, Dublin 

Delaney. Jos, Dublin. Devane. Patk. Permoy. 
Devereux. Patk . Dublin. Doyle, J L.. We\f< rd 
Duffy. Jas.. Dublin. Doyle. P. J., Funis jrthy 

Powlinir, S , Dublin E 

Earls. Joseph New Inn. 



Fitzpatrick, M., Dublin, Farrington, Leo. Dublin. 

Eitzsimons, J., Dublin. Frawley, Denis. Dublin. 

Fitzpatrick, J., Dublin. Fox. T., Maryborough. 

Farrell. James, Dublin. Fitzpatrick, M., Dublin. 

Fitzpatrick, P., F'corthy Farnon, L., Clontarf. 

Farrell, II v Dublin. Fitzharris J., E'corlhy. 

G. 

Gardiner, J., Craughwell Gibbons, P., Dublin. 

Gilligan, P., Athenry. Gunning,. J., Dublin. 
Gibson, Jas., Dublin. H. 

Ilynes, D., Craughwell. Hartley, D. J., New Rosg 

Ilynes, John, do. Ilogan, Patk., Dublin. 

Ilanniffy. J., Craughwell Itowlcy, Mi.. Galway. 

Hamilton, Chris., Cork. Hutchin, Wm., Dublin. 

Harvey, P., Ranelagh. Ilickey. P.., Stillorgan. 

Ilannon, Jas., Dublin. Hvnch, John, Ferns. 

J. 

Joyce. John, Dublin. Jcnkinson, W., Dublin. 
Jackson, F., Dublin. K. 

Keating, Ml., Athenry. Keirwin. P., Dublin. 

Keane, Jas., Athenry. Kennedy. J., Athenry. 

Kearns, Dani., Athenry Keeffe, P., Enniseorthy. 

Kerford. Patk., Dublin Kehoe. P., Enniseorthy. 

Kirwan. Ed., Dublin. Kelly. P., Enniseorthy. 

Kelly. Wm., Athenry. Kelly. Alderman Thos., 
Kennv, John, Dublin. Dublin. 

Keogh, Patk. Dublin. L. 

Largan, Ml., Dublin. Lynch Danl.. Dublin. 

Lyng J., Ballywilliam. Leonard, 31., Dublin. 

Leeson, John, Dublin. Lawless. S., Altymon. 

Lennon, W., New Ross. Lynch, J.. Dublin. 
Lynch, Jas., Dublin. M. 

Mullin. T., Athenry. Merrimnn, T., Tn^hicore. 

Magee, Geo., Dublin. Mehan, Geo., Dublin. 

Mooney, Pa»k., Naas. M'Ginley. W., Dublin 

Moran. J. J., Dublin M'Donnc]], Jos, Dublin. 

Mulially, M., Dublin. Moriarty, D., Dublin. 

Magnire, Louis. Dublin. M'Evoy, Danl, New Rosg 

M'Laugblin, C, Glenmorc M'Glynn M, Craughwell 

Molloy, C, Dublin. M'Glynn, M'tin, Ccang'h- 
Maguire. P., Dublin. well. 

Moore, J., Fermoy. Murray, C. Dublin 

M'Cormaek, J., Dublin. Marihey, E.. Dublin. 

M'Doriangb, E., Gorey. Macken A F., Dublin. 

Murtagh, Peter. Dublin. M'Clane, II., Dublin. 

M'Keog. David, Dublin. M'Guirc, J., Dublin. 

TVI'Namara. J., Bray. Murphy, P., Glasnevin 

M'Hugh, Ed., Dublin. Murphy, J , Inchicore 

M'Mahon, Ed., Dublin. Moran. B.. Dublin. 

Murtagh. B., Dublin. Murphy. John. Wexford. 

M'Donnell. J. J..D'brook M'Dermott, P., Druu- 
Malone, Wm., Dublin. cliffe. 

Manning. Ml , In'core. Moran, T.. Duncormick. 
M'Cormaek, M.. Moate. 

N. 
Naughton, Pat., Athenry. Nyhan, John. Dublin. 

Noonan, J . Ballyfeard. Nowlan, Jas., Kilkenny 
Noonan, Wm. F., do. 

O 

OTallagban, J., Randoi». O'Connor. R., Dublin. 

O'Neill, Andrew. Dublin, Oglesby, Jos., Dublin. 

O'Brien. Mi. J.. Dublin. O'Malley, Chris., Dublin 

©'Kennedy, T. J..N Ross O'Duflv, .las. P.. Dublin 

O'Brien, Peter. Dublin. O'Neill, M., Enniseorthy 

C'Roirke, P.Roscoromco O'Brien, T., Pa'hmines. 

OKeeffe, ML, New Ross O'Neill, J., Enniseorthy. 

P. 
Pender, Wm.. Dublin 

Rijxttt; Thos., Dublin. R. 

Reibv, Tas., Dublin. Reilly. Robt., Dublin. 

Rvsr ."Til.. Dublin. Reardon, M., MilUtreet, 
ReytMds, J. H., Skerries Cork. 

Ra'ffer v, Thos., Dublin Ruth. Wm., Enniseorthy 

S. 

Straffs?. \ M., Oraughweil Summers. Jos. Dublin. 

Savage, Ml., Ca«tleyour Smyth. P., Rnnis-orthy. 

Shieis. <i< ?.. Skerries. Sheehan Pat. do 

Shiel. M. L, Euniscorthy Sheridan. Fran., Dahlia. 
Sheridan. Jas., Dublin. 



Tobin. Pat.. D.ihlin 
Tafpey, Pat., Lublin. 
Turner Jos.. Dublin. 
Turner, Frank, Dublin. 

Whyfe Jos.. Attymon 
Whvte, Pat.. Attymon. 
Walsh R.. Dublin 
Wairt, Jos.. Athenry. 
Ward. T'-n.. Dublin. 



Tally. Wm. Dublin 

Tullv Geo., Dublin. 

Tobin. Ml., Dublin. 

Tobin. Ml., Dublin. 

Whelan J , Fnirisfortlijr 
Walsh. Jas.. Dublin 
Whelan, J . Etinisrorthj 
Whelan, Jos., Dublin. 



92 



GENERAL SIR JOHN MAXWELL'S 
DESPATCHES. 



DIFFICULTIES OF THE TROOPS. 

WAR OFFICE, 21st July, 1616. 

The following despatches have been received 
by the Secretary of State for War f-om the 
Field-Marshal Commanding-in-Chief, Home 
Forces : — 

General Headquarters, Home Forces, 

Horse Guard's, London, S.V*"., 
29th May, 1916. 

My Lord, — 

I have the honour to forward herewith a 
Report which I have received' from the 
General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Irish 
Command, relating to the recent outbreak in 
Dublin and the measures taken for its sup- 
pression. 

2. It will be observed that the rebellion 
broke out in Dublin at 12.15 a.m on April 
24th, and that by 5.20 p.m. on the same 
afternoon a considerable force from the Cur- 
ragh had arrived in Dublin to reinforce the 
garrison and other troops were on their way 
from Athlone, Belfast, and Templemore. The 
celerity with which these reinforcements be- 
came arftilable says much for the arrange- 
ments which had been made to meet such a 
contingency. 

3. I was informed of the outbreak by wire 
on the afternoon of the 24th nit., and the 
59th Division at St. Albans was at cnce put 
under orders to proceed to Ireland, and ar- 
rangements were put in train for their trans- 
port. After seeing General Friend I gave 
orders for the movement of two brigades to 
commence as soon as their transport could te 
arranged. I am aware that in doing so I 
vas act-'ng beyond the powers which were dele- 
gated to me. but I considered the situation 
to be so critical that it was necessarv to act 
at once without reference to the Army 
Council. 

4 On the morning of the 28th Anril General 
Sir John Maxwell. K.C.B., K.C.M.G., C.V.O., 
L.S.O., arrived in Ireland to assume com- 
mand. 

5. I beer to bring to your notice the assist- 
ance afforded' to me by the Lords Commis- 
sioners cf the Adminlty, who met every re- 
quest made to them f r men, guns, and trans- 
port with the greatest promj titude, and 
whose action enable J me to reinforce and' 
maintain the garrison in the South and Wrst 
of Ireland without unduly drawing upon the 
troop which it was desiraL'.e to retain in 
England. 

I have the honour to be. 
Yonr Lordship's most obedient servant, 

French, Field-Marshal, 
Connnanding-in-Ciiief, Jome Forcet. 



SIR JOHN MAXWELL'S FIRST DESPATCH. 

From the General Officer, 

Commanding-in-Chief, 

The Forces in Ireland. 
To the Field-Marshal, 

Commanding-in-Chief, 

The Home Forces. 
Headquarters, 

Irish Command, Dublin, 
26th May, 1916. 
My Lord, — 

I have the honour to report the operations 
of the Forces now under my command from 
Monday, 24tb April, when the rising in Dub- 
lin began. 

(1) On Easter Monday, 24th April, at 12.15 
] m., a telephone message was received from 
the Dublin Metropolitan Police saying Dublin 
Castle was being attacked by armed Sinn 
Feiners- This was immediately confirmed by 
the Dublin Garrison Adjutant, who reported 
that, in the absence of Colonel Kennard, the 
Garrison Commander, who had left his office 
shortly before, and was prevented by the 
rebels from returnirg, he had ordered all 
available troops from Portobello, Richmond, 
and Royal Barracks to proceed to the Castle, 
„nd the 6th Reserve Cavalry Regiment 
towards Sackville street. 

The fighting strength of the troops avail- 
able in Dublin at this moment were:— 

6th Reserve Cavalry Regiment, 35 officers, 
851 other ranks. 

3rd Royal Irish Regiment, 18 officers, 385 
other ranks. 

10th Royal Dublin Fusiliers, 37 officers, 430 
other ranks. 

3rd Royal Irish Rifles, 21 officers, 650 other 
ranks. 

Of these troops an inl\»ing picqnet of 400 
men, which for some days past had been 
held in readiness, proceeded at once, and the 
remainder followed shortly afterwards. 

At 12.33 p.m. a telephone message was sent 
to General Officer Commanding, Curragh, 
to mobilise the mobib column, which had been 
arranged for to meet any emerge 'y, and to 
cespatch it dismounted to Dublin by trains 
which were being sent from Kingsbridge. 

This column, under the command of Colonel 
Portal, consisted of 1,600 officers and other 
ranks from the 3rd Reserve Cavalry Brigade. 

Almost immediately after the despatch of 
this message telephonic communication in 
Dublin became very interrupted, and from 
various sources it was reported that the Sinn 
J< einers had seized the General Post Office in 
Sackville street, the Magazine in Phrrnix 
Park, the l'our Courts, Jacobs' Biscuit Fac- 
tory, and had occupied many buildings in 
various parts of the city. 

As the occupation of the General Post CUice 
by the Sinn Feiners denied the use of th» 
telegraph, a message reporting the situation 
in Dublin was sent at 1.10 p.m. to the nival 
cen're at Kingstown, asking that the infor- 
mation of the rieing might be transmitted by\ 



C3 



wireless through the Admiralty to you. This 
was done. 

FIRST ACTIONS OF THE TROOPS. 

(2) The first objectives undertaken by the 
troops were to recover possession of the Maga- 
zine in Phoenix Park, where the rebels had set 
fire to a quantity oi ammunition, to relieve 
the Castle, and to strengthen the guards on 
Viceregal Lodge and other points of im- 
portance. 

The Magazine was quickly re-occupied, but 
the troops moving on the Castle were held 
up by the rebels, who had occupied surround- 
ing houses, and had barricaded the streets 
with carts and other material. 

Between 1.40 p.m. and 2 p.m. 50 men of 
3rd Rjyal Irish Rifles ana 130 men of the 
10th Royal Dublin Fusiliers reached the 
Castle by the Ship street entrance. 

At 4.45 p.m. the first train trom the Cur- 
ragh arrived at Kingsbridge Station, and by 
b'.^J p.m. the whole Cavalry Column, 1,600 
strong, under the command of Colonel Portal, 
had arrived, one train being sent on from 
Kingsbridge to North Wall by the loop 
line to reinforce the guard over the docks. 

(3) During the day the following troops 
were ordered to Dublin :— 

(a) A battery of four 18-pounders R.F.A., 
from the Reserve Artillery Brigade at 
Alb, one. 

(b) The 4th Dublin Frisiliers from Temple- 
more. 

(c) A composite battalion from Belfast. 

(d) An additional 1,000 men from the 
Curragh. This message being sent by one 
of the troop trains returning to the Cur- 
ragh. 

During the afternoon and' evening small 
parties of Uoops were engaged with the rebels. 
GHMMT ST«ND BY CAVALRY. 

The 3rd P.oyal Irish Regiment on their way 
to the Castle were held up by the rebels in 
tie Smith Dublin Union, which they attacked 
and partially occupied; a detachment of two 
officer? and 50 men from the 6th Reserve 
Cavalry Regiment, which was convoying some 
ammunition from the North Wall, was sur- 
rounded in Charles street, but succeeded in 
parking their convoy and defended this with 
great gallantry for Zg days, when thev were 
relieved ; during this defence the officer in 
command was killed and the remaining officer 
wounded. 

1 he rebels in St. Stephen's Green were at- 
tacked, and picquets * .th machine guns were 
established in the Dnited Service Club and 
the Shelbourne Hotel with a view to domi- 
nating the square and its exits. 

At 9.35 p m. Colonel Kennard, OfTicer Com- 
manding Troops. Dublin, reached the Castle 
with another party of £6 men of the 3rd Royal 
Irish Resziment. 

The defence of the docks at North Wall 
wa« undertaken by Major H. F. Somerville, 
commanding a detachment from the School of 
Musketry, . Dollymnunt, reinforced by 330 
officers and men of the 9th Reserve Cavalry 
Kegiment. 

ihe occupation of the Customs House, which 



dominated Liberty Hall, was carried out at 
night, and was of great assistance in later 
operations against Liberty Hail. 

(4) Ihe situation at midnight was that we 
held the Magazine, Phoenix Park, the Castle, 
and the Ship street entrance to it, the Royal 
Hospital, all barracks, the Kingsbridge, 
Amiens street, and North Wall railway 
stations, the Dublin telephone exchange in 
Crown alley, the Electric Power Station at 
Pigeon House Fort, Trinity College, Mount- 
joy Prison, and Kingstown Harbour. The 
Sinn Feinc.rs held Sackville street and blocks 
of buildings on each side of this, including 
Liberty Hall, with their headquarters at the 
General Post Office, the Four Courts, Jacobs' 
biscuit factory, South Dublin Union, St. 
Stephen's Green, all the approaches to the 
Castle except the Ship street entrance, and 
many houses all over the city, es;»jcially about 
Ballsbridge and Beggar's Bush. 

(5) The facility with which the Sinn 
FvinPrs were able to seize so many important 
points throughout the city was, in my opinion, 
".iie to the fact that armed bodies of civilians 
have been continually allowed to parade in 
and march through the streets of Dublin and 
throughout the country without interference. 

The result was that the movement of large 
forces of armed civilians, particularly on "a 
holiday such as Easter Monday, passed, if 
not unnoticed, unchecked, and no opposition 
cou'.J be offered to them at the moment when 
they decided to act. 

DUBLIN POLICE POWERLESS. 

Further, the Dublin police. Deing unarmed 
and powerless to deal with these armed rebels, 
were withdrawn from the areas occupied by 
them. 

(;) At the time of the rising Major-General 
Friend, then commanding the troops in Ire- 
land, was -on short leave in England, and when 
visiting your headquarters at the Horse 
Guards on that day heard the serious news 
from "Dublin. He returned that night, and 
arrived in Dublin early on tie morn:::- 1 - oi 
the 25th April. 

He has informed me that at a conference 
with you it was decided to despatch at -nco 
two infantry brigades of the 59th Division 
from England to Ireland, and that the remain. 
ing infantry brigade and artillery of thw 
Division were to be held in readiness to fol- 
low if required. 

(7) On April 25th, Brigadier-General W. H. 
M. Lowe, Commanding the Reserve Cavalry 
Brigade at the Curragh, arrived at Kings- 
bridge Station at 3.45 a.m. with the leading 
troops from the 25th (Irish) Reserve Infantry 
Brigade, and assumed command of the force* 
in the Dublin area, which were roughly 2.30 / J 
men of the Dublin garrison, the Curragh 
Mobile Column of 1 500 dismounted cavalry 
men, and 840 men of the 25th Irish Reserve 
lnfan';ry Brigade. 

RECEL FORCES CUT IN TWO. 

(8 Di order to relieve and get communica- 
tion w.ih t" 3 Castle, Colonel Portal, Com- 
manding the Cur^ach Mobile Column, was 
ordered to establish a line of posts from 



94 



Kiii .-i;,. Station to fniiitv College via the 
Castle. Tiiis was completed by 1'A noon, 25th 
April, and with very little loss. It divided 
the rebel forces into two, gave a safe line of 
advance for troops extending operations to. the 
north or south, and permitted communication 
by despatch rider with some of the Commands. 

The only means of communication previous 
to this had been oy telephone, which was un- 
questionably being tapped. 

The Dublin University O.T.C., under Cap- 
tain E. 11. Alton, and subsequently Major 
C'. A. Harris, held the College buildings 
until the troops arrived. The holding of 
these buildings separated the rebel centre 
round the General Post Office from that 
round St. Stephen's Green ; it established a 
valuable base for the collection of reinforce- 
ments as they arrived, and' prevented the 
rebels from entering the Bank of Ireland, 
which is directly oposite to and commanded 
by the College buildings. 

"(9) During the day the 4th Royal Dublin 
Fusiliers from Templemore. a oomnosite Ulster 
battalion from Belfast and a battery of four 
18 pounder guns from the Reserve Artillery 
Brigade at Athlone arrived, and this allowed 
a cordon to be established round the northern 
part of the city from Parkgate, along the 
North Circular road to North Wall. Broad- 
stone Railway Station was cleared of rebels, 
and a barricade near Phibsborough was de- 
stroyed by artillery fire. 

HEAVY FIRE ON THE CASTLE. 

As a heavy fire was being kept up on the 
Castle from the rebels located in the Corpora- 
tion, buildings, Daily Express offices, and 
several houses opposite the City Hall, it was 
decided to attack these buildings. 

The assault on the Daily Exjoress office 
was successfully carried out under very heavy 
lire by a detachment of the 5th Royal' Dublin 
Fusiliers under 2nd Lieutenant F. "O'Neill. 

The main forces of the rebels now having 
been located in and around Sackville street" 
the Four Courts, and adjoining buildings, it 
was decided to try to enclose that area north 
of the Liffey by a cordon of troops so as to 
localise as far as possible the efforts of the 
rebels. 

(10) Towards evening the 178th Infantry 
Brigade began to arrive at Kingstown, anil 
in accordance with orders received, the bri- 
gade left Kingstown by road in two columns. 

The left column, consisting of the 5th and 
5th Battalions Sherwood Fortesters, by the 
Hilloi-gan-Donnybrook road and South Circu- 
lar road to the Royal Hospital, where it ar- 
rived without opposition. 

The right column, consisting of the 7th and 
Bth Battalions Sherwood Foresters, by the 
(pain tram route through Balls bridge", and 
directed on Merrion square and Trinity Col- 
lege. 

REVERE CASUALTIES AT NORTHUMBERLAND 
ROAD. 

This column, with 7th Battalion leading, 
was held up at the noithern corner of Had 
dingtoil road and Northumbeiland load, . 
Ivhith wiui strongly held by rebels, bid with 



the assistance of bombing parties organised 
and led by Captain Jeffares, of the Bombing 
School at Elm Park, the rebels were driven 
back. 

At 3.25 p.m. the 7th Battalion Sherwood 
Foresters met great opposition from the rebels 
holding the schools and other houses on the 
north side of the road close to the bridge at 
Lower Mount street, and two officers, one of 
whom was the Adjutant, Captain Dietrichsen, 
were killed, and seven wounded, including 
Lieutenant - Colonel Fane. who, though 
WDunded, remained in action. 

At about 5. .30 p.m. orders were received 
that the advance to Trinity College was to 
be pushed forward at all costs, and therefore 
at about 8 p.m., after careful arrangements, 
the whole column, accompanied by bombing 
parties, attacked the schools and houses 
where the chief opposition lay. the battalions 
charging in successive waves, carried all be- 
fore them. but. I regret to say, suffered 
severe casualties in doing so. 

Four officers were killed. 14 wounded, and 
of other ranks 216 were killed and wounded. 

The steadiness shown by these two bat- 
talions is deserving of special mention, as I 
understand the majority of the men have iess 
than three months' service. 

In view of the opposition met with, it was 
not considered advisanle tu push on to Trinity 
College that niaht, so a f 11 p.m. the 5th 
South Staffordshire Reejimen from the 176th 
Infantry Brigade, reinforced this column, and 
by occupying the positions gai ;d allowed 
the two battalions Sherwood Foresters to be 
concentrated at Ballsbridge. 

HEROIC CP'IL!/>N'!?. 

In connection with this -Jicng at Mount 
street Bridge, where our aviest casualties 
occurred, I should like to entiun the gallant 
assistance given bv a number of medical men, 
ladies, nurses and women servants, who at 
great risk brought in and tended to the 
wounded, continuing their efforts even when 
deliberately fired at by the rebels. 

(11) Meanwhile severe fighting had taken 
place in the Sackville street quarter. At 8 
a.m. Liberty Hall, the former headquarters 
of the Sinn Feiners, was attacked ly field 

.guns from the south hank of the River Liffey, 
and by a gun from the patrol ship Helga, 
with the result that considerable progress was 
made 

During the night of 26th-27th April several 
fires broke out in this quarter and threatened 
to become dangerous, as the dre brigade eoold 
not get to work owing to their being fired 
upon by the rebels. 

Throughout the dav further troops of th« 
176th Brigade arrived in the Dublin area. 

(12) On 27th April the 
5th Leinsters, 

2'fcth Sherwood Foresters, 
3rd Royal Irish Kegiment, 
Tne Ulster composite battalion, 
under the command of Colonel Portal, began 
and completed by 5 p.m. the forming of a 
♦'ordon round the rebels in the Sackville street 
area, which operation win carried out with 
iunall ki.sa.. 



About 12.45 p.m. Linen Hall Barracks, 
■which were occupied by the Army Pay Office, 
were reported to have been set on fire by the 
rebels and were destroyed. 

By night-fall the 177th Infantry Brigade 
had arrived at Kingstown, where it remained 
for the night. 

£IR JOHN MAXWELL'S ARRIVAL. 

(13) At 2 a.m. on the 28th April I arrived 
at North Wall and found many buildings in 
Sackville street burning fiercely, illuminating 
the whole city, and a fusilade of rirle fire 
going on in several quarters of the city. 

Accompanied by several Staff Officers who 
had come with me, I proceeded to the Royal 
Hospital. 

After a conference with Major-General 
Friend and Brigadier-General Lowe, I in- 
structed the latter to close in on Sackville 
street from East and West, and to carry out 
a house-to-house search in areas gained. 

I was able to place the 2/4 Lincolns at his 
disposal for the purpose of forming a cordon 
along the Grand Canal, so enclosing the 
southern part of the city and forming a com- 
plete cordon round Dublin. 

During the afternoon the 2/5th and 2/ 6th 
South Staffords arrived at Trinity College, 
and this additional force allowed me to begin 
the task of placing a cordon round the Four 
Courts area in the same way as the Sackville 
street area, which had already been success- 
fully isolated. 

During the afternoon the 2/5th and 2/6th 
Reserve Cavalry Regiment, which had been 
escorting ammunition and rifles from North 
Wall, and had been held up in Charles street, 
■was relieved by armoured motor lorries, 
which had been roughly armoured with boiler 
plates by the Inchicore Railway Works and 
placed at my cisposa! by Messrs. Guinness. 

FIELD ARTILLERY HASTENS THE 
SURRENDER. 

Throughout the night the process of driving 
out the rebels in and around Sackville street 
continued, though these operations were 
greatly hampered by the fires in this area and 
by the fact that some of the .burning houses 
contained rebel stores of explosives which 
every now and agr.in blew up. 

In other quarters of the city the troops had' 
a trying time dealing with the numerous 
snipers, who became very troublesome during 
the hours of darkness. 

(14) Owing to the considerable opposition 
at barricades, especially in North King street, 
it was not until 9 a.m. on the 29th April that 
the Four Courts area was completely *»ir- 
rounded. 

Throughout the morning the squeezing out 
of the surrounded areas was vigorously pro- 
ceeded with, the infantry being greatly as- 
sisted by a battery of Field Artillery com- 
manded by Major Hill, who used his guns 
against the buildings held by the rebels with 
such good effect that a Red Cross Nurse 
brought in a message from the rebel leader, 
P. H. Pearse, asking for terms. A reply was 
eent 1 -at only unconditional surrender would 
b« accepted. At 2 p.m. Pearse surrendered 



himself unconditionally, and was brought be- 
fee me, when he wrote and signed notices 
ordering the various " Commandoes " to sur- 
render unconditionally. 

During the evening the greater part of the 
rebels in the Sackville street and Four Courts 
area surrendered. 

(15) Early on the 30th April two Franciscan 
monks informed me that the rebel leader, 
Macdonagh, declining to accept Pearse's 
orders, wished to negotiate. 

He was informed that only unconditional 
surrender would be accepted, and at 3 p.m., 
when all preparation for an attack on Jacobs' 
Biscuit Factory, which he held, had been 
made, Macdonagh and his band of rebels sur- 
rendered unconditionally. 

In the St. Stephen's' Green area. Countess 
Markievicz and her band surrendered and 
were taken to the Castle. 

These surrenders practically ended the re- 
bellion in the City of Dublin. 

(16) Throughout the night of the 30th 
April/lst May isolated rebels continued to 
snipe the troops, but during the 1st May these 
were gradually cleared out, and in conjunc- 
tion with the police a systematic house-to- 
house search for rebels and arms was con- 
tinued. 

ANXIETY ABOUT THE COUNTRY. 

(17) During the severe fighting which took 
place in Dublin the greatest anxiety was 
caused by the disquieting reports received 
from many parts of Ireland, and chiefly from— 

(a) County Dublin. 

(b) County Meath. 

(c) County Louth. 

(d) County Galway. 
(?) County Wexford. 
(f) County Clare 

{(/) County Kerry. 

(18) On the 27th" April, as soon es the 
troops became available, a detachment was 
sent by sea from Kingstown to .Arklow to re- 
inforce the garrison at Lynoch's Explosive 
Works, and a small party was sent to assist 
the R.I.C. post over the wireless station at 
Skerries. 

On the 28th April a battalion of the Sher- 
wood Foresters was despatched by rail to 
Athlone to protect 1he artillery and military 
stores there and to hold the communication 
over the River Shannon. 

(19) Brigadier-General Stafford, the Garri- 
son Commander at Queenstown, was directed 
to use his discretion in the employment of 
troops under his command, and on 3uth April 
he was reinforced from England by one batta- 
lion of the 179th Brigade, 60th Division, a 
battalion of the Royal Marines, and later by 
the remaimiefc s-f the 179th Brigade. 

(20) BrigadieY-General Hackett-Pain, wh« 
assumed' command of the troops in Ulster, 
made effective use of the trocp« under hie 
command, and it was lar-ely due to th e dis- 
positions made by these t\/o Commander! 
that the Sinn Feiners in the South and Nortfc 
of Ireland were restrained from takirg a moix 
active part in the rebellion. 



ASSISTANCE FROM THE R.I.C. 

I received the greatest assistance from the 
Inspector-General Royal Irish Constabulary, 
and from all his inspectors and men, and 
throughout the rebellion I worked in the 
closest co-operation with them. In many 
districts small posts of these gallant men were 
isolated and had to defend themselves against 
overwhelming numbers, which they success- 
fully did except in very few cases. 

It was with great regret I received the re- 
port of 28th April that a body of Royal Irish 
Constabulary, under Inspector Gray, had been 
ambushed by the rebels at Ashbourne, which 
resulted in Inspectors Gray and Smith and 
eight constables being killed and 14 wounded. 

It was not until 30th April that I was able 
to spare a mobile column to deal with this 
bodv of rebels, the leaders of which were 
secured. 

DESPATCH OF MOBILE COLUMNS. 

In other narts of Ireland similar attacks on 
police posts had been made by armed bands 
of Sinn Feiners. In order to deal with 
these, as soon as the Dublin rebels had been 
crushed, I organised various mobile columns, 
each consisting of from one to two companies 
of infantry, a squadron of cavalry, one 
18-pounder gun and an armoured car. 

Each column was allotted a definite area, 
which, in close co-operation with the local 
police, was gone through, and dangerous 
Sinn Feiners and men who were known to 
have taken an active part in the rising were 
arrested ; in addition many arms belonging 
to Sinn Feiners were surrendered or seized. 

I am glad to be aide to report that the 
presence of these columns had the best pos- 
sible effect on the people in country districts, 
in many of which troops had not been seen 
for years. 

(22) That splendid bodv of men, the Dublin 
Metropolitan Police, could give me little or 
tut .iss:stance, because they were unarmed. 
Mad they been armed I doubt if the rising in 
Dublin would have had the success it did. 

(23) I am glad to report that the conduct 
of the troops was admirable; their cheerful- 
ness, -courage, and good discipline, under the 
most trying conditions, was excellent. 

Although doors and windows of shops and 
houses had to be broken open, no genuine 
case of looting has been reported to me. 
whi< h I consider reflects the greatest credit 
on all ranks. 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 

(24) I wish to acknowledge the great as- 
pi-tanc; I received from the Provost of Trinity 
College; the clergy "f all denominations'; 
civilian medical men: Red < 'ross nurses, who 
were untiring in their attention to 1 lie 
wounded, often rendered under heavy fire; 
ambulances provided by Royal Ambulance 
Corps; the Irish Volunteer Training Corps 
and the members of St. John's An bulance 
Corps; the Civilian and Officers' Training 
< or; s motor cyclists, who fearlessly carried 
despatches through streets infested wlli 
sniper*; te'egrapn operators and engineeis; 
a..d from the ladv operators of the 1'cle; — ia 



Exchange, to whose efforts the onlv means of 
rapid communication remained available. 

I am glad to be able to record my opinion 
that the feelings of the bulk of the citizens of 
Dublin being against the Sinn I- chirrs mate- 
rially influenced the collapse of the rebellion. 

(25) I deplore the serious losses which the 
troops and the civilian volunteers have 
suffered during these very disagreeable opera- 
tions. 

I have the honour to be, 

Your most obedient servant. 

J. G. MAXWELL, 

General. 

DIFFICULTIES OF THE TROOPS. 

From the General Officer Commanding-in 
Chief, the Forces in I: eland, to the Secre- 
tary of State for War. 

Headquarters. Irish Command 

Dublin, 2.-.1 May, 1916. 
My Lord, 

In amplification of tire report of the opera- 
tions undertaken by the troops in Dublin, 
which I forwarded to Field-Marshal Lord 
French on 25th May. I think- it desirable to 
bring to your notice the difficult conditions 
under which the troops had to act. 

CONFUSED AND TRYING CONDITIONS. 

(1) The rebellion began by Sinn Feiwrit, 
presumably acting under orders, shooting in 
cold blood certain soldiers and policemen, 
simultaneously they took possession of various 
important buildings and occupied houses 
along the routes into the City of Dublin 
which were likely to be used by troops taking 
up posts. 

(2) Most of the rebels were not in any uni- 
form, and by mixing with neaceful citizens 
made it almost impossible for the troops to 
distinguish between friend and foe until fire 
was opened. 

(3) In many cases troops having passed 
along a street seemingly occ^Died by harm- 
less people were suddenly fired upon from 
behind from windows and roof-tops. Such 
were the conditions when reinforcements com- 
menced to arrive in Dublin. 

SHOOTING OF CIVILIANS. 

(4) Whilst fighting continued under con- 
ditions at once so confused and so trving, it 
is possible that some innocent citizens were 
shot. It must be remembered that the 
struggle was in many cases of a house to- 
house character, that sniping was continuous 
and very persistent, and that it was often 
extremely difficult to distinguish between 
those who were or had been firing upon the 
troops and those who had for various reasons 
chosen to remain on the scene of the fighting, 
instead of leaving the homes and passing 
through the cordons 

(5) The number of such incidents that has 
been brought to notice \:- very ihs'gnificant. 

(6) Once the rebellion started the members 
of the Dublin Metropolitan Police — an un- 
armed uniformed force — had to be wb'.idrawn, 
or they would have been mercilessly shot 
down, as, indeed, were all who had the bad 
luck to meet the rebels, in their absence a 



97 



number of the worst elements of the city 
joined the rebels and were aimed by them. 
The daily record of the Dublin Magistrates' 
Court proves that such looting as there was 
was done by such elements. 

DELIBERATE TIRING ON AMBULANCES AND 
FIREMEN. 

(7) There have been numerous incidents of 
deliberate shooting on ambulances, and those 
courageous people who voluntarily came out 
to tend to the wounded. The City Fire Bri- 
gade, when turned out in consequence of in- 
cendiary fires, were fired on and had to re- 
tire. 

(8) As soon as it was ascertained that the 
rebels had established themselves in various 
centres, the first phase of operations was con- 
ducted with a view to isolate them by form- 
ing a cordon of troops around each. 

(9) To carry out this streets were selected, 
along which the cordon could be drawn. 
Some of these streets,, for instance, North 
King street, were found to be strongly held 
rebels occupying the roofs of houses, upper 
windows, and strongly-constructed barricades. 

(10) Artillery fire was only used to reduce 
the barricades, or against a particular house 
known to be strongly held. 

(la.) The troops suffered severe losses in 
establishing these cordons, and, once estab- 
lished, the troops were subjected to a con- 
tinuous fire from all directions, especially at 
night time, and invariably from persons con- 
cealed in houses. 

THE MILITARY LOSSES. 

(12) To give an idea of the opposition 
offered to His Majesty's troops in the execu- 
tion of their duty, the following losses oc- 
curred : — 

Killed. Wounded. 

Officers 17 46 

Other ranks 89 288 

(13) I wish to draw attention to the fact 
that, when it became known that the leaders 
of the rebellion wished to surrender, the 
officers used every endeavour to prevent 
further bloodshed ; emissaries were sent in to 
the various isolated bands, and time was 
given them to consider their position. 

(14) I cannot imagine' a more difficult 
situation than that in which the troors were 
placed ; most of those employed were draft- 
filling battalions or young Territorials from 
England, who had no knowledge of Lublin. 

(15) The surrenders, which began -on April 
30th, were continued until late on May 1st, 
during which time there was a considerable 
amount of isolated sniping. 

(16) Under the circumstances related above, 
I consider the troops as a whole behaved 
with the greatest restraint, and carried out 
their disagreeable and distasteful duties in a 
manner which reflects the greatest credit on 
their discipline. 

ALLEGATIONS AGAINST TROOPS. 

(17) Allegations on the behaviour of the 
troops brought to my notice are being most 
carefully inquired into. I am glad to say 
they are few in number, and these are not 
all borne out by direct evidence. 



(18) Numerous cases of unarmed persons 
killed by rebels- during the outbreak have been 
reported to me. As instances, I may select 
the following for your information : — 

J. O'Brien, a constable of the Dublin Metro- 
politan Police, was shot while on duty at 
Castle Gate on April 24th. On the same 
day another constable of the same force, 
named M.Lahiff, was shot while on duty 
at St. Stephen's Green. On April 25th 
R. Waters, of Recess, Monkstown,_ Co. 
Dublin, was shot at Mount street Bridge, 
while being driven into Dublin by Cap- 
tain Scovell, R.A.M.C. 

All these were unarmed, as was Captain 

Scovell. . In the last case, the car was not 

challenged or asked to stop. 

(19) I wish to emnhasise that the responsi- 
bility for the loss of life, however it occurred, 
the destruction of property, and other losses, 
rests entirely with those who engineered this 
revolt, and who, at a time when the Empire 
is engaged in a gigantic struggle, invited the 
assistance and co-operation of the Germans. 

I have the honour to be, my Lord, 
Your obedient Servant, 
fbP-d.l J G. MAXWELL, General. 



VISCOUNT FRENCH'S DESPATCH. 

GERMAN ATTACK ON YARMOUTH TO ASSIST 

THE IRISH RISING. 

The Secretary of State for War, on Tues- 
day, 23rd January, 1917, issued the following 
despatch from Field-Marshal Viscount French, 
G.C.B., Commanding -in-Chief, Home Forces, 
dated from : — 

General Headquarters, Home Forces, 
Horse Guards, London, S.W., 
31st December, 1916. 

On the 24th April the rebellion broke out 
in Dublin. I have already referred to this 
in my despatch of the 29th May, covering a 
report from the General Officer Command) ng- 
in-Chief in Ireland, which dealt fully with 
the occurrence. I will only add that both 
in England and in Ireland the military- 
arrangements for its suppression proved every- 
where adequate, and reflect great credit on 
all concerned. 

On April 25th, the morning after the out- 
break in Dublin, a hostile squadron, accom- 
panied by submarines, appeared off Lowestoft. 
No doubt, the object of this demonstration 
was to assist the Irish rebellion and to dis- 
tract attention from Ireland. It failed entirely 
to accomplish its object. 

The enemy opened fire at long range on the 
towns of Yarmouth and Lowestoft, and con- 
tinued the bombardment for about twenty 
minutes, after which they were engaged by 
our cruisers and torpedo boat destroyers, and 
they steamed away to the north-east. 

In addition to the heavier ships and sub- 
marines, the squadron was accompanied by a 
number of destroyers, but the results of the 
bombardment were comparatively small, and 
no damage whatever of military importance 
was done. 



93 



HONOURS AND AWARDS FOR 
SERVICES. 



PROMOTIONS AND DECORATIONS. 

No special list of honours was issued in con- 
nection with the services rendered by the mili- 
tary during the rebellion, but in two supple- 
ments to the "London Gazette," issued by the 
War Office on 24th and 25th January, 1917, 
there appeared the names of the following 
officers and men who were known to have 
been engaged in Dublin and other parts of 
Ireland at the time of the rising. 

C.B. 
Maj. and Bt. Lt.-Col. (Hon. Brig.-Gen 1 

Joseph Aloysius Byrne, ret. pay, late it. 

Tnnis. Fus. 
ORDER OF ST. MICHAEL AND ST. GEORGE. 
C.M.G. 

Maj. and Bt. Lt.-Col. (temp. Lt.-Col.) Cecil 

Fane, D.S.O., Lrs., attd. Notts and 

Derby R. 

TO BE HONORARY MAJOR-GENERAL. 
Col. (temp. Brig.-Gen.) W. H. M. Lowe, C.B., 

ret. pay. 

TO BE BREVET COLONEL. 
Lt.-Col. Sir A. A. Weldon, Bt., C.V.O., 

D.S Q„ Leitis, R., Spec. Res. 

TO BE COMPANIONS OF THE DISTINGUISHED 
SERVICE ORDER. 

Maj. G. A. Harris, TJnattd. List, T.F. 
Temp. Maj. Ivor H. Price, Spec. List. 
Capt. A. H. Quibell, Notts, and Derby R. 
Capt. (temp. Lt.-Col.) F. Rayner, Notts, and 

Derby R. 
Maj. H. F. Somerville, Rif. Brig. 

AWARDED THE MILITARY CROSS. 
Lt. (temp. Capt.) E. H. Alton, T.F. and 

O.T.C. 
2nd Lt. (temp. Capt.) H. A. Hewitt, Notts. 

and Deibv R. 
Capt. (now Maj.) M. C. Martyn, Notts, and 

Derby R. 

AWARDED THE DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT 
MEDAL. 

1126 Pte. E. Carroll, R. Ir. Fus. 

2543 Sgt. Dmr. R. M. Cooper, Notts, tnd 

Derby R. 
9188 A./S-AI- T. dimming, P.S., attd. Notts. 

and Derby R. 
76050 Pte. A. A. Devey, R.A.M.C. 
3886 Pte. J. Hill, Notts, and Derby R., now 

Cpl., R. War. R. 
4045 Pte. F. Snowdin, Notts, and Derby R., 

now 40861, Manch. R. 

AWARDED THE MILITARY MEDAL. 
Miss Louisa Nolan. 
Miss Florence Williams. 

MENTIONED IN DESPATCHES FOR 

DISTINGUISHED SERVICES IN CONNECTION 

WITH THE WAR. 

Ulatt, Col. H. T. W.. R. Ir. Rif. (deceased). 
Baker Lt. A. W. W., Dublin University 

o.'t.c 

Battenberg, Capt. Bis Highness Pnnce Alex- 
ander of, (J.C.V.O., C. U<ls. 



Byrne, Maj. and Bt. Lt.-Col. (temp. Brig.- 
Gen.) J. A., R. Innis. Fus. 
Cheylesmore, Maj. -Gen. H. F., Lord,K.C.V.O., 

ret. pav. 
Cowan, Cob H. V., C.B., C.V.O., ret. pay. 
de Courcy Wheeler, Maj. W. I., R.A.M.C. 
Dietrichsen, Capt. and Adjt. F. C, Notts, cir.d 

Derby R. (killed). 
Downie, Capt. F., Lond. R. 
Fanshawe, Lt.-Col. (temp. Col.) R. W., 

A.P.D. 
Friend, Maj. -Gen. Right Hon. L. B., C.B. 
Harris Maj. G. A., Unattd. List. 
Hill, Maj. G. N., R.F.A. 
Kennedv, Sec. Lt. T. J., R. Innis. Fus. 
McCammon, Lt.-Col. T. V. P., R. Ir. Rif. 
North, Sec. Lt. F. W., R. Ir. Rest. 
Oates. Lt. (temp. Capt.) J. S. C, M.C., Notts. 

and Derby R. 
Oates, Lt.-Col. W. C, Notts, and Derby R. 
O'Neill, Sec. Lt. F., R. Dub. Fus. (killed). 
Owen-Lewis, Maj. A. F., D.S.O., Capt., ret. 

pav, Res. of Off. 
Pain, Col. (temp. Brig.-Gen.) G. W. H., C.B. f 

ret. pav. 
Portal, Lt.-Gol, and Bt. Col. B. P., D.S.O., : 

Res. of Off., late Hrs. 
Price, Maj. I. H., Spec. List. 
Quibell, Capt. A. H., Notts, and Derby R. 
Sheppard, Capt. J., S. Staffs. R, 
Somerville, Mai. H. F., Rif. Brig. 
Stafford, Col. (temp. Brig. Gen.) W. F. H., 

C.B., ret, pav, late R.E. 
Weldon, Lt.-Col/ Sir A. A., Bt., C.V.O., 

D.S.O., Leins. R. 
Wylie, Sec. Lt. (temp. Lt.) W. E., Unattd. 

List, Dublin University O.T.C. 
Barrett, 4276 Actg. Cpl/ J. S., Staffs R. 

(killed). 
Burke. 25692 L.-Sgt. F.W.R.. R. Dub. Fus. 

(killed.) 
Dixev, 2454 Co. Sgt. -Maj. H. G, Notts and 

Derby. R. (killed.) 
Hewett, .1474 L.-Cpl. H., King Eo^..-*'* 

King, 3057 Actg. Cpl. C, N. Staffs R. 



KINGS MEDAL AWARDED TO POLICE 
OFFICERS. 

On Monday, 13th, February, 1917, it was an- 
nounced that His Majesty the King had been 
pleased to award the King's Police 
Medal to the following officers of the Royal 
Irish Constabulary and" the Dublin Metropoli- 
tan Police in recognition of conspicuous 
gallantry during the Irish rebellion. 

County Inspector George Bedell Ruttledge, 
Royal Irish Constabulary, in charge of the 
County Galway. He showed conspicuous cour- 
age and ability during the rebellion, when, as 
practically no troops were available, he was 
entirely responsible for the security of the 
county. The measures taken by him were 
prompt and energetic, and the operations cf 
the police in attacking and dispersing bodies 
of armed rebels, greatly superior in numbers, 
•were conducted under his personal leadership. 



99 



Sergeant William O'Connell, R.I.C., Drum- 
conrath, Co. Meath. — Conspicuous gallantry 
during an attack by a large body of rebels on 
a party of police, who lost eight killed and 
fifteen wounded. By his personal example he 
encouraged the men under his command to 
offer a prolonged resistance. 

Sergeant Thomas Reiily, R.I.C., Portadown, 
Co. Armagh. — Conspicuous gallantry in arrest- 
ing and disarming a leading rebel, whose cap- 
ture during the early part of the rebellion was 
of the greatest importance. 

Constable Eugene Bratton, R.I.C., Navan, 
Co. Meath. — Conspicuous gallantry during the 
rebellion. As a motor cycle de- 
spatch carrier he risked his life on 
several occasions. He volunteered to act 

as chauffeur in the place of a man who had 
run away, and, after driving the police to a 
spot where fighting was taking place, joined 
In the fighting. He was captured by the 
rebels, but escaped, and cycled to the Post 
Office to telephone for help, afterwards return- 
ing to the scene of the fight. 

Sergeant Patrick Kaugh, Dublin Metropolis 
tan Police. — Conspicuous gallantry under fire 
in rescuing from a position of great danger a 
police officer who had been seriously wounded. 

Constable Thomas Barrett, 67 B, D.M.P.— 
Conspicuous gallantry in arresting and disarm- 
ing a man who was threatening to shoot two 
soldiers. 

Constable John Barton, 37 B, DM. P.— Con- 
spicuous gallantry and exceptional ability and 
devotion to duty during the past year. He 
has been instrumental in the detection and 
apprehension of a very large number of 
criminals. During the first night of the re- 
bellion he arrested at great personal risk 
twenty-seven persons who were looting in the 
vicinity of O'Connell Bridge, which was 
dominated by rebel fire, and on the same 
night, with the assistance of another officer, 
he arrested two armed men who were carry- 
ing a large quantity of ammunition. 

Constable James H. Coulter, 187 A, D.M.P. 
— Conspicuous gallantry in conveying ammuni- 
tion under fire to Dublin Castle, and subse- 
quently in disarming, after a severe struggle, 
a rebel who was attacking passers-by with 
rifle and bavonet. 



THANKS TO THE FORCES OF THE 

CROWN. 

KING'S MESSAGE TO SOLDIERS AND POLICE. 

The following message was received from Hii 
Majesty the King : — 

" Windsor Castle, 4th May, 1916. 
"To General Sir John Maxwell, G.O.C. 

in C, Irish Command, Dublin. 
" Now that the recent lamentable outbreak 
has finally been quelled 1 wish to^express to 
my gallant troops in Ireland, to "the 1 loyal 
Irish Constabulary, and the Dubin Metro- 
politan Police my deep sense of the whole- 
hearted devotion to duty and spirit of self-sacri- 
fice with which throughout thev have acted.— 
« GEORGE JR.I."- 



6IR JOHN MAXWELL'S THANKS TO HIS MEN. 

The following General Order was issued to 
the troops by Sir John Maxwell, General Com- 
manding-in-Chief the Forces in Ireland : — 

I desire to thank the troops who have been 
engaged in the City of Dublin for their snlen- 
did behaviour under the trying conditions of 
street fighting which 1 found it necessary to 
order them to undertake. Owing to the excel- 
lent direction of the officers and the tireless 
effort of the troops all the surviving rebels in 
Dublin have now surrendered unconditionally. 
I especially wish to express my gratitude to 
those Irish regiments which have so largely 
helped to crush this rising. 

Many incidents of very gallant behaviour 
have been brought to my notice, which 1 am 
unable to refer to in this Older, but I must 
express my admiration of the conduct of a 
small detachment from the 6th Reserve 
Cavalry Regiment, which, when convoying 
ammunition, was attacked in Charles street, 
and, after a splendid defence for three and a 
half davs, during which their leaders were 
struck down, safely delivered the ammunition. 
J. G. MAXWELL. 
General Commanding-in-Ghief the Forces in 

Ireland 
Headquarters, Irish Command. May 1, 1916. 

TRIBUTE TO DOCTORS AND NURSES. 
Sir John Maxwell issued the follow- 
ing : — " Headquarters, Irish Command, Park- 
gate, Dublin, 7th May, 1916. I desire to ex- 
press my sincere appreciation of the services 
rendered during the recent disturbances in 
Dublin by the medical, surgical, and nursing 
staffs of many of the city hospitals, and in 
particular of the gallantry shown by those 
nurses who exposed themselv»s to a heavy 
fire in atte.^.'ng to *a« removing the 
wounded. Also to the members of the Red 
Cross and St. John Ambulance Societies, and 
the many medical men and private individuals 
who gave assistance in attending to the 
wounded or placed their houses at the dis- 
posal of the military for use as dressing 
stations. In numerous instances these ser- 
vices were rendered at considerable personal 
risk and under circumstances reflecting the 
greatest credit on those engaged in them 
(Signed) J. G. Maxwell, General, Command! 
ing-in-Chief the Forces in Ireland." 
LORD LIEUTENANT'S TRIBUTE TO D.M.P. 
The Lord Lieutenant addressed the fol- 
lowing letter to the Chief Commissioner of the 
Dublin Metropolitan Police : — 

Viceregal Lodge, Dublin, 
8th May, 1916. 
Dear Colonel Johnstone. — I wish to con- 
vey to you my very warm appreciation of the 
conduct of the officers and men under your 
command during the recent disturbances in 
Dublin. Although they were without arms, 
your men carried out their duties in very 
difficult and trying circumstances with resolu- 
tion and courage, and I congratulate you 
warmly on their conduct. I deeply regret the 
casualties that have occurred in the ranks of 
thd force. — Yours sincerely, 

WlMBOKNB. 



100 



LORD WIMBORNE THANKS THE R.I.C. 

Ti.e Inspector-General of the Royal Irish 
Constabulary directed that the following copy 
of a letter received by him horn His Ex- 
cellency the Lord Lieutenant should be com- 
wmncated to all ranks of the Reserve and 
Depot forces : — 

' Dear Sir Neville Chamberlain, — Now that 
the disturbances due to the Sinn Fein rising 
have been suppressed, I have to express to 
you my deep appreciation of the gallantry 
and devotion to duty displayed by the officers 
and men under your command during the 
crisis. In a number ol' instances small parties 
of constabulary have found themselves in 
circumstances of great danger, but on every 
occasion they have shown courage and resolu- 
tion in everv respect worthy of the great 
traditions of (he force to which they belong. 
I deeply regret that some members of the 
constabulary should have lost, their lives 
■while gallantly doing their duty, and I shall. 
use every endeavour to see that the claims 
of their families meet with every considera- 
tion. — Yours, sincerelv, 

(Signed) 'WIMBORNE." 

Viceregal Lodge." 8th May, 191b. 

£!R JOHN MAXWELL'S REVIEW AT TRINITY 
COLLEGE. 

Something like a thousand men must have 
been on parade in the park of Trinity College 
on Saturday, 6th Mav, when General Sir John 
Maxwell, K.C.B., " D.S.O., inspected the 
Officers' Training Corps of Dublin University 
and of the Royal College of Surgeons, several 
corps affiliated to the Irish Association of 
Volunteer Training Corps, ana St. John and 
Red Cross Ambulance units. 

Mr. Asquith was among the distinguished 
visitors. Lady Wimborne, attended by Miss 
Grosvenor, watched the proceedings with 
keen interest from the platform, over which 
waved the LTnion Jack, and the Provost of 
trinity College (Rev. Dr. Mahaffy) was in 
the company. General Maxwell carried out 
the inspection, accompanied by Major G. A. 
Harris, Dublin University O.T.C. who was 
in command. Sir John said that Le was glad 
to have the opportunity of wianking tm 
Provost and the officers and men of the Uni- 
versity Officers' Training Corps for all they 
had done during recent events. It was thanks 
to their prompt assistance that that part of 
the city was kept from being ruined. 

A march past concluded the proceedings, 
and Geneva! Maxwell, standing by the Union 
Jack, gracefully acknowledged the salutes of 
the officers of (he various corps, Only the 
members of the University Corps carried arms. 
The officers on parade were: — 

Dublin University O.T.C. and Royal College 
of Surgeons O.T.C. — Major Harris, Major 
Tate, Captain Alton, Lieutenants Baker, 
Smith, Mitchell; Second Lieutenants Craw- 
ford, Henry Baxter, VVvlie, Col. Smith, and 
Millar. 

Mr. C. H. Dickins-n was battalion com- 
mander of the Volunteer Training Corps, and 
Mr. G. B. Butler, Staff officer, attended. 

Rugby Union Corps— Company Commander, 



H. J. Miller; second in command, R. McC 
Dillon ; platoon commanders, E. A. MacMair, 
W. G F. Allen. A. S. M. Imrie, and J. W. 
Frith. 

Veterans' Corps — Lord Justice Molony and 
Mr. Justice Barton (lion, officers) ; company 
commander. J. Wilson, Captain Knox Foote ; 
platoon commanders, C. A. Munro and' R. A. 
Anderson; quartermaster, C. H. Gick. 

Glasnevin Corps — Company commander, E. 
Webb ; platoon commanders. R. W. Todd and 
C. M. Harris. 

D. Company (G.N.R., G.S. and W.R., 
North City, and South CityJ — Company com- 
mander, J. Walsh; olatoon commanders. A. 
Agnew, P. Wharton, C. E. Riley, W. Cun- 
ningham, II. J. Matthews. 11. B. Turner, 
Captain Alan Smythe, and D. Bole ; sergeant- 
major, T. V. Shellard ; quui term aster-sex- 
geant, W. B.ullick, 

Greystojnes Corps — Company commander, 
Captain A. W. Blake 'Indian Army Reserve), 
second in command, Lieutenant-Colonel .). C. 
Beare; Sergeant-Major Scuffle; Sergeants Fry 
and Barry. 

Bray Corps — Company commander, H. IV! al- 
ley ; platoon commander, R. D. Bolton; 
adjutant, T. Lang. 

St. John Ambulance and British Red Cross 
V.A.T).'s--Dr. J. Lumsden, vice-chairman of 
the Joint V.A.D. Committee for Ireland; as- 
sistant director. Dr. R. Peacocke ; command- 
ant, O'C. FitzSimon ; district superintendent, 
W. G. Smith ; district officer, A. Moore ; dis- 
trict surgeon, Captain Stevenson ; district 
treasurer, Dr. Cope : corps superintendent, J. 
H. Webb and R. Keating. The V.A.D.'s re- 
presented 1 were : — Four Courts, Land Commis- 
sion, Royal College of Science, R.I.C, Rath- 
mines, City, of Dublin, Howth, Pe.n'iroi'.e, 
Kingstown, Carrickmines, Glenageary, Dublin 
Building Trades, Guinness, Jacob'? and 
Powers. 

Indian students from the King's Inns, who 
performed ambulance work, paraded with the 
Rathm.'nes unit. 

THE BRAVE CARTERS. 

The fifteen carters of the London and North- 
VVestern Railway Co., who bravely looked 
after five lorry loads of ammunition and 
horses, escorted by Lancers, which were am- 
bushed by the rebels on Ormond quay, also 
paraded. The five men who set out with the 
lorries were relieved' by another five bringing 
provender for the horses, and a second relief 
of five men did the same. . All were under fire 
during the. three days, when the lorries were 
defended in Charles street by their escoit. 
The men were: — D. O'Keefe, M. Bvm, T. 
Taafe, T. Noone, and C. Kelly; W. Milling, 
M Foy, M. Greene, R. McKenna, and R. 
Br'een ; R. Lane, M. McEvoy. T. Painter, T. 
Kelly, and J. Lacey. 

Mr. H. G. Burgess, manager in Ireland for 
the company, was presented to General Max- 
well when lie inspected the carters. 

SIR JOHN MAXWELL INSPECTS AMBULANCES. 

General Sir John Maxwell inspected some 
units of the Irish Automobile Club 
Ambulance Service at the Royal Barracks, 



101 



Dublin, on Saturday, 27th May. The vehicles 
were those which played' a useful part in 
removing to hospital soldiers and citizen3 
wounded during the rebellion, with the Dub- 
lin Corporation ambulance and the two motor 
ambulances of the Pembroke Urban Council. 
Several of the machines bore bullet marks on 
their sides or holes through their canopies, 
showing at what risk the drivers and orderlies 
had carried out the splendid work. Ac- 
companied by Major-General Friend, Mr. 
Edward White (Chairman of the Irish 
Automobile v-lub), Mr. W. Sexton (Hon. 
Secretary and Treasurer), and Mr. H. S. 
Chaytor (Secretary), General Maxwell made 
a leisurely inspection of the ambulances, and 
had a few kindlv words for each of the 
Olivers and orderlies, making keen inquiry 
about their experiences during Easter week. 
He was particularly interested to meet Martin 
Redmond, who was wounded while driving 
an ambulance, which he nevertheless brought 
safely back. Redmond' came from hospital 
that Saturday to take part in the function. 
The drivers on parade were : — 

Mr. S. T. Robinson, Mr. W. Peck, Mr. W. 
Che vers Roche, Mr. J. Gibson, Mr. M. Robin- 
son, Mr. K. King, Mr. A. Camp, J. McClaren, 
E. O'Brien, J. White, P. Boyle, C. Cramp- 
ton Stokes, M. Gleeson, and N. McCoy. Capt. 
J. J. Kutson, Chief of the Pembroke Brigade, 
brought his drivers, Assistant M. Broughton 
and Firemen C. Moynihan, A. McManus, ana' 
James Gorman ; and from the Dublin Brigade, 
John O'Connor (driver), J. Williams, and 
Joseph Lynch attended. 

The orderlies present were : — 

G. Kiversoh, W. J. Douglas, L. Bennett, A. 
Dowie. J. Lee, I. Bodkin, R. H. Scott, James 
Giltrap, J. Gahan, Andrew Know, R. Brown, 
G. C. May, N. S. Norway, W. Emery, H. J. 
Scott. 

Sir John Maxwell, in a brief address, said 
the military in Dublin were deeply thankful 
for the work done by the ambulances. 

KINGSTOWN VOLUNTEER CORPS. 

The Kingstown Volunteer (G.R.) Corps 
were paid a high compliment by General Sir 
John Maxwell, the General Officer Command- 
ing the Troops in Ireland, viup, on Tuesday, 
9th May, accorded the Corps the official re- 
cognition of an inspection by Major-General 
Sandbach, the General Officer Commanding 
the Dublin Area. The inspection took place 
in front of the Royal Marine Hotel, where 
the members of the Kingstown and District 
Volunteer (G.R.) Corps paraded in the green, 
along with the local orps oi L'oy Scout*, Girl 
Guides, nurses of the St. John Ami ulance 
Association, and a number of special con- 
ftables. During the previous fortnight all 
these bodies had lent active assistance to the 
military. 

lhe Kins-town and District Volunteer 
Corps, which is affiliated to thi Irish Associa- 
tion Volunteer Training Corra, whose head- 
quarters are at Beggar's Bush Barracks, in 
th2 verv beginning"-* the rebellious oat break 
in Dublin offered its services to the military 



authorities. These were accepted, and the- 
Volunteers were afterwards the very guides 
and lights of the military in what to them 
was a strange terrain. In the early stages 
of the insurrection the Volunteers undertook 
the protection of the local gaa works. Night 
and day they assisted in the work at the town 
barriers, to which they were deputed under 
general orders. The chief officer, Mr. T. 
Morgan Good, was appointed Town Com- 
mandant, and to him the Provost Marshal ex- 
pressed his appreciation of the Corps' ser- 
vices, and declared that they had been indis- 
pensable. Amongst the many efficient services 
rendered by the Corps was that of organising 
a supply of motor cars, motor cycles, and 
bicycles for the use of the military. The 
Corps also policed the Carlisle Pier and the 
railway stations with the military. The Boy 
Scouts were most useful, acting as messengers 
and assisting at the Soldiers' Buffet, while the 
Girl Guides afforded a great deal of very ac- 
ceptable service in a variety of offices. Espe- 
cially helpful were they in the Provost 
Marshal's and the Town Commandant's offices. 
They assisted in the heavy work of the issuing 
of permits. Miss Nancy Gosling gave her 
services voluntarily as typist to the A. P.M., 
and' Miss Baird and Miss Lucy Gosling acted 
in the same office as telephone clerks. 

THE PARADE. 

The Volunteers paraded in front of the 
Marine Hotel to the number of 75, including 
all ranks, and were under the command of 
their officers — Mr. T. Morgan Good, Town 
Commandant; Mr. S. A. Quan Smith, Mr. 
R. Norman Potterton, Mr. E. F. Scanlan, 
and Dr. Matthew Good. Fifty of the Volun- 
teers wore uniform, and about 24 or 26, 
with some special constables, were in mufti. 
There were some 40 Boy Scouts on the 
ground, under the command of Mr. S. A. 
Quan Smith, senior Vice-Piesident for the 
county, and Mr. Evelyn Wilkinson, Acting 
Scoutmaster. Sixteen Girl Guides, in their 
neat navy blue uniform, also under the com- 
mand of Mr. Quan Smith, were present, and 
three nurses, representing the St. John 
Ambulance Association — viz., Mrs. Robinson- 
Lady Corps Superintendent, Co. Dublin; Mrs. 
Middleton Curtis, Lady Corps '.treasurer. 
City of Dublin ; and Miss Mowbrav, Lady 
Divisional Superintendent. About 250 men, 
new drafts for the North Midland Divisional 
Artille.y, were also paraded. 

Major-Genera] Sandbach made a c'.ose and 
interested inspection of the Volunteers, who 
were drawn up in two lines. He que tinned 
many, and spoke in Hattering terms of the 
parade to Mr. Good'. He in«peeted tie rnya 
and uiils very carefully, and especially noted 
those wearing war service badges, '.muted 
for aid to the military since the war te^an 
in mi. 

Having inspected t'.ie Girl Guides and 
nurses, Major-General Sa' dbarh saH Mr Joriri 
Maxwell had asked h.-i to convey h ; s thinks 
l-a the woik they had done during l~e cruu. 



102 



COURTS-MARTIAL AT RICHMOND 
BARRACKS. 



THE SHOOTING OF FRANCIS SHEEHY 
SKEFFINGTON. 

The court-martial on Captain J. C. Bowen- 
Colthurst, Royal Irish kmes, in connection 
with the shooting of three men named F. 
Slieehy Skeffmgton, Thomas Dickson,, and 
Patrick Maclntyre at Portobello Barracks, Dub- 
lin, 0.1 the 26th April last, opened at the 
Richmond Barracks, Dublin, at 10 o'clock 
on Tuesday, 6th June. 

Admission to the court was by ticket, and 
at the opening of the proceedings there were 
about 100 civilians present, including - number 
of ladies. Dr. Skeffmgton, M.A., L.L.D., 
J. P., lather of Mr. Sheehy Skeffmgton, and 
Mrs. Sheehy Skeffmgton (widow) were pre- 
sent during* the proceedings. The Court 
was constituted as follows :— Major-General 
Lord Cheylesmore (presiding), Colonel H. M. 
Thoyts, Lieutenant-Colonel Murray, temporary 
Lieutenant-Colonel H. Taylor, Temporary 
Lieutenant-Colonel L. G. Redding, Temporary 
Lieutenant-Colonel Simmons, Temporary Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel W. J. Kent, Major W. E. R. 
Colhs, Major D. S. Matthews, Temporary 
Major E. C. Hamilton, Temporary Major H. 
Montgomery, Temporary Major M. A. Tighe, 
and Temporary Major H. Johnson. 

Waiting Members — Major A. B. L. Wood, 
D.S.O. ; Temporary Major Davenport, Tem- 
porary Major Hon! J. P.. N. Ridley. 

Prosecutor — Major Kimber. Judge Advocate 
—Mr. Marshall. 

Mr. James Chambers, K.C.. M.P.. and Mr. 
Andrews (instructed by Mr. C. H. Denroche), 
appeared for the prisoner. Mr. T. M. Heaiy. 
K.C., M.I'., and Mr. P. O'C. White (instructed 
by Mr. Lemass). appeared on behalf of Mrs. 
Sheehy Skeffmgton. but they did not intervene 
in the proceedings. 

THE INDICTMENT. 

The Judge Advocate read the charges 
against Captain Bowen Colthurst, which were: 

(1) That on the 26th April, 1916, at Porto- 
bello Barracks, he murdered Francis Sheehy- 
Skeffington. 

(2) That he was guilty of the manslaughter 
of Francis Sheehv-Skcffingtnn. 

(3) 'J hat on the 26th April, at Poitobello 
Barracks, lie murdered Thomas Dickson. 

(4) That he was guilty of the manslaughter 
of Lickson. 

(5) That on the 25th April, at Portobello 
Barracks, lie murdered Patrick Maclntyre. 

(fc) '1 hat he was guilty of the manslaughter 
of Maclntyre. 

The prisoner, in a loud clear voice, pleaded 
'■' / 1 * ■ t guilty " to t lie several charges. 

THE STORY OF THE TRAGEDY. 

Major Kimber, the prosecutor, stating the 

-aid the accused was charged with the 

murder of three |:i*ms — Mr. T. tSheehy 

feUt llingf.Mii, Mr. TJios. Dickson, and Mr. P. 



Maclntyre — and in the alternative he was 
charged with the manslaughter of these men. 
About six o'clock on the evening of Tuesday, 
April 25, the accused was with part of his 
regiment (the Royal Irish Rifles) at Porto- 
bello Barracks, Dublin. At Portobello Bridge 
there was stationed a picket of about thirty 
men under command of Lieutenant Morris, 
guarding the bridge. IN ear the bridge was a 
publichouse called Davy's, and a short dis- 
tance from the publichouse was Jacob's fac- 
tory, which was held by the rebels. Firing 
was going on from the factory towards Porto- 
bello Bridge, and information had reached 
Lieutenant Morris that there was a possibility 
• — nay, more — that there were thoughts of an 
attack on Portobello Barracks. There were 
about 300 men stationed in the barracks, but, 
of course, a considerable part of that number 
was on duty in the streets about that time. 
In the other direction from the budge lay 
Portobello Barracks — the opposite side from 
Jacob's. The rebels were advancing from 
that direction. Between 6 and 7 o'clock on 
Tuesday night firing was going on from 
Jacob's direction, and also from the rebels 
who were coming up in the direction of Porto- 
bello Barracks. One of the deceased men — 
Mr. Sheehy Skeflington — advanced, followed 
by a crowd, from the direction of the factory 
towards the Portobello Barracks. It was only 
fair to say that he was going in t«e direction 
of his home. Lieutenant Morris allowed him 
to nass, but two soldiers followed him and 
took him to the guardroom. 

MR. SKEFFINGTON BEFORE THE ADJUTANT. 

About half-past 8 o'clock that evening Mr. 
Skeffmgton was brought before the Adjutant. 
The Adjutant asked him if he was a * Sin* 
Feiner," and lie replied that he Was in sym, 
pathy with the movement, but not in favour 
of militarism. He was taken back to the 
guardroom. Meanwhile two other men. Dick- 
son and Maclntyre, were brought in, and 
they were, with six or eight others, placed 
in the guardroom. Dickson was the editor 
of a paper called The Eye-Opener. Mac- 
lntyre was the editor (if a paper called the 
Searchlight, and Sksffington was a well- 
known journalist in Dublin. The men were 
left in the guardroom during the night. The 
rebellion continued, and firing went on 
throughout the night around the barracks, 
and the rebels were in possession of the 
points he had mentioned. The accused officer 
went to the guardroom about 10.20 on vVed- 
nesday morning. There were other officers there 
and the sergeant of the guard. He said to 
one of the officers — " I am taking these pri- 
soners out of the guardroom, and I am going 
to shoot them, as 1 think it is the ri"l \ thing 
to do " One of the officers proceeded to the 
orderly room, and reported to the Adjutant 
what he had beard, and the Adjutant sent 
a message to the accused. He (prosecutor) 
did nnt know if that message reached the 
accused. He rather I lought it did not; but 
the fact was that the accused returned to the 
guardroom and ordered the three men out 
into the yard, lie took seven men, armed 
with rifles and ammunition, with him. The 



103 



yard at the back of the guardroom was en- 
closed by a wall twelve feet high. The ac- 
cused had the men placed against the wall, 
and he ordered the soldiers to load and fire. 
The three men were shot by his orders. Hav- 
ing done that, he went to the orderly room 
and reported that he had ordered the three 
men to be shot, giving as his reasons, first, 
to prevent any possibility of escape; second, 
to prevent their being rescued by armed 
force. Apparently he then began to think 
that he had probablv done what he oucht 
not to have done, and he went in search of 
the commanding officer of the battalion (Major 
Roxburgh), who was at the time in barracks, 
and who instructed him to make a report of 
the matter. This the accused did, and the 
whole affair was submitted' to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief. 

LIEUTENANT MORRIS. 
Lieut. M. C. Morris, 11th East Surrey Regi- 
ment, gave evidence that he was attached to 
the 3rd Royal Irish Rifles at Portobello Bar- 
racks, and was in command of a picket of 30 
men of that regiment on Tuesday, 25th April. 
He bore out the prosecutor's statement of the 
approach and arrest of Mr.Sheehy-Skeffington, 
who was not armed. In reply to questions by 
Mr. Chambers, witness said his men reported 
that a machine gun was seen on the top of a 
house near Jacob's factory, and he saw men in 
civilian clothes moving something across a 
roof in the direction where the firing was 
going on. A machine gun was fired in that 
direction. 

SERGEANT MAXWELL. 
Sergeant John Arthur Maxwell, 7149 3rd 
Royal Irish Rifles, stated he was at Porto- 
bello . Barracks on the 25th April last, and 
acting on instructions he took Mr. Sheeny 
Skeffington to tne orderly room to 
be examined by the Adjutant. He 
heard Mr. Morgan ask Mr. Sheehv Skefllngton 
was he in sympathy with the Sinn Fciners, 
and he made answer to the effect that he was, 
but that he did not believe in passive resist- 
ance. He said something about militarism, 
which witness could not understand. 
LIEUTENANT MORGAN. 
Lieut. Samuel Valentine Morgan, adjutant, 
3rd Royal Irish Rifles, said at about 8.15 
o'clock that evening he asked' Mr. Sheehy 
Skeffington if he was a Sinn Feincr. He said 
he was not. Witness also asked him was he in 
favour of the Sinn Fein movement. He said 
he was in sympathy with the Sinn Feiners, 
but he was not in favour of militarism. 

Next morning the accused came to the 
orderly room about 10.20 o'clock, and re- 
ported that be had shot three prisoners — 
—Sheehy Skefrington, and the editors of the 
Spark 'and the Eye-OjH'ner. He said he 
feared they might be rescued by armed force. 
He also said that he had lost a brother 
in this war, and that he was as good an Irish- 
man as the men he had shot. Witness re- 
ported to Major Smith of the Headquarters 
of the Irish Command, and to Major Ros- 
borough, who was in command of the bat- 
talion. 



Cross-examined by Mr. Andrews, witness 
said that snio^g went on vn the immediate 
vicinity of the barracks, and actually at the 
barracks. Among the casualties sustained by 
those stationed at the barracks were a second 
lieutenant killed, four officers wounded, while 
there were sixteen casualties in the rank 
and file. They all belonged to the same 
battalion as the prisoner. 

Second Lieutenant Wm. Price Dobbin, of 
the 3rd Royal Irish Fusiliers, stated that 
he was at Portobello Barracks on the 26th 
April, in command of the main guard. There 
were, he thought, eight civilian prisoners in 
the guardroom. He did not know either 
Skeffington, Dickson, or Maclntyre. He saw 
the accused going into the guardroom thai 




Photo &?/] [Elliot! and Fry. 

MAJOR GENERAL H. F. LORD CHEYLESMORB, 

who presided over the Courts-martial at 
Richmond Barracks. 
/ 

morning. He came out again, and then said 
to w.tness, to the best of his belief, " I am 
taking these men out of the guardroom, and I 
am going to shoot them, as I think it is 
the right thing to do," or words to that 
effect." Witness, continuing, said that at 
the back of the guardroom was a yard 
enclosed by a wall ten or twelve feet high. 
The. three men were taken out into the yard, 
and he heard shots fired as from the yard. 
Re went into the yard and saw three men 
lying dead there. He knew Sheehy-Skeffmg- 
ton from his appearance the night before, 
wf)en he heard his name mentioned. Witness 
knew the body. He, did not examine the 
bodies that he saw on the ground, but he saw 



104 



Mood on the ground. He did not examine 
Sheehy Skeffington's body to see whether he 
■was dead or alive. He was some distance 
from the bodies. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Chambers, tho 
witness said he and other men were con- 
stantly on duty for three days. There was 
shooting going on in the neighbourhood of 
the barracks. Some of his men were wounded 
on Portobello Bridge. He had heard that a 
machine gun had been trained on the roof of 
some house by the rebels, but he did not 
eee it. 

Replying to questions put by the President 
witness said that when Capt. Colthurst came 
out of the guardroom he appeared in an 
excited state, which was not his usual man- 
ner. 

"TO SHOOT AGAIN." 

In your previous evidence you made a state- 
ment which you have - not corroborated 
to-day. You were asked by the prosecutor if 
you noticed anything regarding one of the 
bodies, and A'ou said "Nothing in par- 
ticular." That is your answer to the pro- 
secutor to-day. Did you notice anything par- 
ticular about one of these bodies? I did. 

What w T as it? I noticed a movement of one 
of the legs of Slieehy Skeftington. 

What did you do then? I sent an officer 
to the orderly room. That officer was Lieut. 
Tooley. and what I wanted to know was what 
steps I was to take. 

Did you send the officer specially to. the 
accused? No, but simply to the Orderly. 

What was the answer received by you? 
The order was that I was to shoot again. 

Who sent that order? Capt. Colthurst. 

How do vou know it was he? Lieutenant 
Tooley told me. 

What did vou do then? I stood by four men 
of my guard, and I complied with the order. 

The President— Perhaps after this evidence 
counsel for the defence would like to cross- 
ex.anfin's the witness. 

Mr. Chambers (to witness)-- -What sort of 
a movement was it that ypu s:-iw — was it a 
twij|^4'|rff a hi 's.'h ': 1 ihni't .know. 

l;.iri ; yi;ti believe Skeffiigton to -he then 
(had. nr that he v.-s living'.' I W keve he was 

Th.it lie was dead; I cannot say. In mj 

opinion he was- done for, 

' The I'r.rsldcnt— L'y "done fur " you mean 
dead? : ^es. 

SEBCEANT ALDRIDGE, iCth R.D.F. 

Sergeant ' John * William Aldririge, 10th 
Ball. Royal Dublin Fusiliers, said he was at 
Portobello Barracks on the 26th April last 
attached tb't'he Royal Irish' Rifles.' At about 
9 a.m. on that date le relieved a sergeant of 
the Royal Irish Rifles, who is now at the 
front.! At about 10.20 Capt. Bowen CoHhurst 
him. he wanted men named Maelntyre, 
oiij and Sheehy Skefijnfiton in the yard — 
that; ,hf:, ward.' d .to shoot them. Witness 

identrifiedpriso.ner as the officer who marie that 

statement. J he accused Oidered portion of 

the guard to go out with him. Tdaere were 
■even of them, and they were ail armed. Each 



magazine of each man's rifle was charged. 
Witness followed them into the yard. 

THE SHOOTING. 

The Prosecutor — When you got to the yard 
what happened? Capt. Bowen-Colthurst told 
the three prisoners to go to the farther end of 
the yard, which they did. He then told all 
the men to load — to pull off the catch and 
pull out the bolt of their rifles. Then he told 
them to "present" and to "fire." The three 
prisoners, to my belief, were shot dead, sir. 

One volley? One volley, sir- 

Did you examine the three bodies? I went 
up to them, and so far as I could see, and so 
far as my judgment went, 1 took them all 
three to be dead. 

Did you see wounds on them? No, sir, but 
I saw at the back of tho coat where the 
bullets penetrated through. 

Now what did Mr. Dobbin do? He stood 
in the yard, and' at the time he thought there 
was a movement in Sheehy Skeffington. He 
went away and came back in about two 
minutes, and another volley was fired by four 
men at that one particular man. 

What was you own impression? My own 
impression was that the man was dead before 
that volley was fired. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Andrews — Witness 
said his impression was that the three men 
were killed the first time. It was the general 
belief that there were not sufficient forces to 
protect the barracks if an attack was made on 
it. 

By the President — No special orders were 
given with regard to Mr. Sheehy-Skeffington 
or anv of the prisoners. Mr. Skeffington was 
kept in the guardroom, and Messrs. Dickson 
and Maclntyre in the detention room. Wit- 
ness was present when the accused gave the 
order to the seven men to load and shoot the 
three prisoners. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT WILSON. 

Second Lieut. L, Wilson. 5th R.I.F., attached 
R.I.R., said that on the Tuesday night he was 
with a parly of men, about forty, under Capt. 
Bowen Colthurst. They had charge of Mr. 
Sheehy Skeffington. who was taken as a 
hostage, and went to " Kelly's Corner." Cant. 
Colthurst left witness, twenty men, and Mr. 
Skeffington on Portobello Bridge. 

The Prosecutor — What orders did he give 
you before he went? He said that if any of 
his men were fired upon I was to shoot 
Skeffington immediately, and if he (accused), 
wore knocked out of action witness was to 
take command. Witness understood the ac- 
cused was going to raid Kelly's shop. Captain 
Colthurst, came back with five prisoners, in- 
cluding Messrs. Dickson and Maclntyre. Two' 
prisoners were allowed to go away, and two 
were taken into the guardroom. 

MAJOR ROSBOROUGH. 

Major.. James Rosborough, 3rd R.I.R., 
stated that he was temporarily in command at 
Portobello Barracks during the rebellion., 
About three, hundred men were in barracks. 
Witness saw the accused on the Wednesday 



105 



morning. Captain Colthurst came to witness 
as he was crossing the barrack square, and 
said that he had just shot three prisoners, and 
that he expected he would get into trouble 
Accused did not say whether the prisoners 
were military or civilian prisoners, but witness 
presumed that they were civilians. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Andrews, witness 
said that they received a telephone communi- 
cation from the garrison adjutant that an at- 
tack might be made on the barracks. He con- 
sidered that they should be prepared for an. 
attack. 

Were you aware that Skeffington had been 
taken out by Capt. Colthurst? I did not know. 

May I take it that to the best of your know- 
ledge the taking of hostages in warfare or 
rebellion is quite an obsolete practiced I 
certainly would not do it. 

The President — No reports were made to 
you, as commanding officer, that there were 
prisoners in the guardroom? No reports were 
made to me. 

You understand, I presume, that as com- 
manding officer you are responsible for those 
prisoners? Yes. 

When did it come to your knowledge that 
the accused took one of the prisoners out of 
the guardroom? I heard that next day. 

Did you take any action on that? I took 
no particular action. 

You, as commanding officer, being respon- 
sible for the safe custody of prisoners, took 
no notice whatever on hearing that one of 
your prisoners had been removed without your 
authority from the guardroom? What I 
understand was that he was taken as a guide. 

Witness said that the accused met him on 
the barrack square at about 11 a.m. on April 
26th. 

Was the accused in an excited state at the 
time? He was not in an abnormally excited 
state. 

Lieutenant Morgan, re-called, was asked by 
the President — Did it come to your know- 
ledge that the accused had taken out Skeffing- 
ton with a body of men to the bridge? Yes. 

When did you come to know that? That 
night, about 10.40. 

Did you make any report of that to your 
commanding officer? Yes. 

When? I reported it immediately when I 
heard of it. 

Can you tell us when Skeffington was 
brought back to the guardroom that night? 
I should say about 20 minutes past 11 o'clock. 

Was any other prisoner taken out, to your 
knowledge? No. 

CHAPLAIN'S EVIDENCE. 

Rev. F. E. O'Loughlin, R.C. Chaplain to 
the military at Portobello Barracks, was the 
next witness. He said he was at the barracks 
on the 25th and 26th April. He knew 
Skeffington, Dickson, and Maclntyre by ap- 

Eearance. In consequence of a report which 
e had received from the adjutant he went to 
the mortuary, and there he saw the dead 
bodies of the three men named. They were 
buried at 11.15 on Wednesday night, and he 



was present at their interment and subse- 
quent exhumation. 

PECULIAR INCIDENT. 

Lieutenant Wilson was le-called for cross>- 
examinatiori by Mr. Chambers. 

You spoke of the night when Mr. Sheeny* 
Skeffington was taken out as a hostage? Yea, 




THE LATE MR. FRANCIS SHEEHY- 

SKEFFINGTON was a well-known figure i«l 

Dublin. 

What was the condition of the accused on 
that occasion? I considered that he wa3 in a 
highly excited condition. 

Do you remember any incident of a peculiar 
nature occurring? Well, he ordered Mr. 
Skeffington to say his prayers, and he mada 
the men take off their hats. 



1C6 



Did he say any prayer himself? He did. 

What was it? As far as I can remember 
it was as follows — "0 Lorn God, if it should 
please Thee to take away the life of this man, 
forgive him for Our Lord Jesus Christ's sake." 

The President — When was it that he 
ordered him to say his prayers? Just outside 
the guardroom, previous to his being taken 
out as a hostage. 

Sergeant James Geoghegan, R.A.M.C.. said 
he went from the guardroom into the yard at 
back, and found there three dead bodies which 
he did not identify because he had not seen 
them before. 'I he medical officer was not 
called. He took the three bodies on a 
stretcher and had them conveyed to the mor- 
tuary. 

Was there any blood there? Yes, there was 
blood on their clothes. 

Can you say from what you saw if the men 
had been hit at all? Yes. 

How? With bullets. 

Whereabouts? In the body. 1 did not see 
whether or not the bullets passed through the 
bodies. 

Did you form any opinion of how they died? 
They died from the effects of bullet wounds. 

Lieutenant Wilson was recalled. 

Mr. Chambers — I forgot to ask yon whether 
on the way down from Portobello Barracks to 
Kelly's tobacco shop Capt. Colthurst did 
anything with his rifle? Yes, he was firing 
it "off. 

In the air? Yes. 

How often did he fire it off between the 
barracks and Kelly's? Several times, sir. 

The President — You mean that he was firing 
indiscriminately, without taking aim? In the 
air, sir. 

LSEUTENANT MORRIS RECALLED. 

Lieut. Monis was then recalled and ex- 
amined by Mr. Andrews. — Do you lemember 
on the Tuesday evening when* y a. were nro- 
cted'ng wi'h the prison ei^Skeffington and 
Capt. Colthurst in the direction of r^vtobello 
Bridge? I had nothing to do with Capt. 
Colthurst that evening in connection wit!; t!ie 
prisoner. 1 saw Carit. Colthurst about mid- 
night, when lie whs going from the barracks 
with Mr. SkeffinKton. and lie was then pro- 
ceeding to raid Kelly's tobacco si op. lie had 
Mr. Sheehy Skeffington with him, and was in 
a very excited condition indeed, and it : truck 
me as very stupid of him to warn Sheehy 
Skeffington that if he was fired on Sheehy 
Skeffington would be shot at once. I did not 
see how Sheehy Skeffington could, or anyone 
conld, stop anyone from firing on the troops. 

Did you consider Captain Colthurst to be 
in an abnormal condition at the time? He 
did not seem quite right in his he:.d at the 
moment — he seemed to be labouring under 
tremendous excitement. 

When did you see him the nearest time 
after the shooting took place? I saw him 
when he announced t<> the Adjutant that he 
had shot the prisoners. I was there when 
he made the announcement. He seemed then 
rather worse than the night before— he was 
perfectly stupid. 



Perfectly stupid? He was extremely 
agitated and excited. I do not know Captain 
Colthurst very well — indeed he did not strike 
me at the time as a man who should be at 
any time in command of troops. 

Did he appear to you on these two 
occasions to be in an entirely different frame 
of mind from previous occasions? I had not 
seen him previously, but T have seen him 
since, and he was then totally different. Then 
there was a third occasion when I saw him — 
that was in the officers' mess at tea time on 
the same day — the Wednesday about 4.30 or 
5 o'clock — 1 am not quite certain. There 
were several junior officers present. Most of 
us were strangers to the barracks, and Cap- 
tain Colthurst made a very ridiculous se 1 , 
speech, indeed, as to Sir Francis Vane doing 
all sorts of wicked things and being a Sinn 
Feiner and a pro-Boer. On that occasion he 
did not seem to be right in his head'. 

Did he say anything else about Sir Francis 
Vane? He said he should not be allowed in 
the barracks, and that he should be shot. 
I took it upon myself to tell the other officers 
not to pay any attention to what Captain 
Colthurst had said, and that I thought ha 
was not quite himself at the time. 

Did you consider he was in any way cap- 
able of discriminating between legal right 
and legal wrong? No, sir, I do not. 

THE DEFENCE. 

Mr. Chambers proceeded- to call his w'*l- 
nesses. In reply to the President, he sa»J 
that he would not call the accused, nor had 
the accused any written statement to hand 
in. 

MAJOR-GENERAL BIRO. 

Major-General Bird was questioned as to 
the general character of the accused, and his 
demeanour in 1914. Witness said that he 
found him eccentric. Accused seemed to be 
unable to concentrate his mind on a subject, 
and was certainly at times eccentric. Apart from 
that, he was a man of high character, and set 
a very good example to everybody. The 
accused took part in the battle of Mons, and 
tiie morning alter the battle he was in charge 
of the leading company of a battalion. Wit- 
ness found that whenever he rode away from 
the bead of the battalion it moved off. When 
witness went back and asked why that 
occurred nobody could tell him, but when he 
turned his back he heard Captain Colthurst 
giving an order in rather a weak voice for 
the company to advance. Captain Colthurst's 
reply and his demeanour convinced witness 
that he was quite incapable of leading men, 
and witness suspended him from duty for a 
time. Accused was quite broken down, and 
was not fit to exercise judgment. He was 
wounded about a fortnight later at the Aisne. 
Witness's opinion was that when unusually 
fatigued and in a state of excitement Cap- 
tain Colthurst was not quite responsible f or 
Ins actions. 

Cross examined, witness said that in .April, 
1914, he made a report about Captain 
Colthurst. The report was over-ruled, and 
witness had to tell him on one cccaaiea th<«^ 



107 



he ■would have to report unfavourably upon 
him. On another occasion the accused bel- 
lowed at him : " Do you mean to say anything 
against my company?" That was extraordi- 
nary, and witness reprimanded him there and 
then. 

To the President — Witness reinstated Cap- 
tain Colthurst in his old position of company 
commander three or four days after he had 
been removed from it. He attributed the 
movement of the battalion after Mons to the 
orders of Captain Colthurst. 

MAJOR GOODMAN. 

Major Goodman, stationed at the Curragh 
Camp, examined by Mr. Andrews, said he had 
known Captain Colthurst since November, 
1904. Taking him generally, he was a kindly 
and considerate man towards his fellow-officers 
and the men under him. He had known him 
occasionally to have done acts of an eccentric 
character. 

The President — Can you give us one in- 
stance of the eccentric acts he did? Yes. 

What is it? I had been on a shooting ex- 
pedition with him in India, and we put up 
for a night at a bungalow. There were dogs 
barking all night, and we did not sleep. At 
breakfast next morning I said I wished that 
dog was shot that kept us awake. He got 
up from the breakfast table without saying a 
word to anyone, and went out. I heard a 
rifle shot fired, and it was followed by the 
piteous howling of a dog. Captain Colthurst 
came back and said he had shot the dog. I 
asked if he had killed the dog, and he said 
" No "' ; and he added that the dog was 
sufficiently wounded to die. I mention that 
as an eccentric act, because it was entirely 
against the nature of Captain Colthurst to 
do that. 

CAPTAIN E. P. KELLY. 

Captain Edward Phillip Kelly, examined by 
Mr. Chambers, K.C., M.P., stated that he 
met Captain Bowen Colthurst for the first 
time on Easter Monday at Portobello Bar- 
racks. Witness thought his manner was 
rather peculiar on the Monday and 'Tuesday. 
On the Wednesday his manner seemed 
strange. He was half lying a.cross the table 
with his head rest'ng on his arm, and he 
looked up occasionally and stared about the 
room, and then fell forward again with his 
head on his arm. Witness came to the con- 
clusion then that he was off his head, and he 
saw Capt. MeTurk and said' something to the 
effect, '' For Goodness sake, keep an eye on 
Captain Colthurst; I think he is off his head." 

CAPTAIN M'TURK, R.A.M.C. 
Captain James MeTurk, R.A.M.C, stated, 
b reply to Mr. Andrews, that he had known 
"aptain Bowen-Colthurst for about ei<?ht 
Months. Both as a medical man and one who 
lad known him for nine months, witness 
houcht he was net responsible for his action", 
Hid was not crpa'ole r{ exercising any sound 
judgment or discriminating between rMit 
lad' wrong. 



Cross-examined by the Prosecutor— Witness 
had no special training in mental uiseases. 

By the President — 1 ru.ve been in Porto- 
bello Barracks for nine months. 

On the Wednesday, at lunch time, did you 
think the accused was responsible for his 
actions? I do not think so. 

Can you give us any particular reasons for 
stating that? His general demeanour at 
lunch. 

^ Did you report that to anyone? Well, 
Captain Kelly reported it to me. 

That is not the question I asked — you were 
there as Medical Officer — the question is, did 
you report this to anybody there? I re- 
ported it to Captain Kelly. I told Captain 
Kelly that I had prescribed ten grains of 
potassium bromide for the accused. 

Did you realise that it was your duty to 
report an officer unfit for duty"? I reported 
the matter to Captain Kelly. 

At this time did he tell you that he had 
been responsible for the shooting of three 
men? He did not; he never said that. 

Would you say his condition was due to 
anxiety for what he had done? He said it 
v. as a terrible thing to shoot one's own coun- 
trymen. 

DR. PARSONS. 
Dr. Parsons, F.R.C.P., physician to the 
Royal City of Dublin Hospital, gave evidence 
that he met Captain Colthurst several years 
ago, when he paid a professional visit. Wit- 
ness saw trie accused on November 21st, 
1914, when he had returned from the front, 
and reported on his condition. There was 
loss of power, owing to wounds, in accused's 
left arm, and, in addition, Captain Colthurst 
was in a condition of marked nervous exhaus- 
tion. Witness reported that he was unfit for 
duty ; should have two months' leave of 
absence, and', after that, a period of light 
duty. He was quite unequal to 'any strain, 
which would probably have brought about a 
nervous breakdown, probably affecting him 
mentally. In February the accused had im- 
proved physically, and" the rest had done his 
mind good, but he was not fit for duty. 

Witness last saw accused professionally the 
previous Friday. He found him labouring under 
cons : derable excitement and restless. He 
did not seem to realise his position in regard 
to the present charge. In the course of a 
long conversation accused talked about the 
fighting at Mons and the retreat. 

Did he make any reference to the shooting 
incident? Yes, he told me that on Wednes- 
day morning he went to bed at three and 
read his Bible, and that he came across a 
passage in it wheh seemed to have exercised 
a very powerful influence on his mind. The 
passage was to the effect: "And these my 
enemies which will not have me to rule ever 
them, bring them forth and slay them." So 
far as I could gather from him the way that 
affected his nrnd was that it was his duty 
to slav men who would not have His Majesty 
to rule over the-D. 

Havmg regard to that and other parts of 



103 



the conversation, did you form any opinion as 
to the state of his mind? I came to the con- 
clusion that his condition was far from 
normal, and that he was unbalanced. I felt 
that a very trivial incident at the time would 
absolutely upset his balance. 

Witness would not say that accused was 
responsible for his actions in March, 1915. 
The bearing of Captain Colthurst on the 
Wednesday might be consonant with mani- 
festations of remorse and regret on the part 
of a sane man. Witness said that the accused 
made 't quite clear to him -that he (accused) 
had done right and carried out his duty. His 
words were to the effect that in any other 
country except Ireland it would be recog- 
nised as right to kill rebels. 

DR. LEEPER. 

Dr. Leeper. F.R.C.S.I.. examined by Mr. 
Andrews, said he held a certificate for know- 
ledge of mental diseases, that he was medcal 
superintendent of St. Patrick's Hospital, 
Dublin, and late examiner in mental diseases 
in the University of Duoln. He first saw 
the accused on Friday last, in company with 
Dt. Parsons, and listened to the conversation 
which he had with Captain Colthurst. The 
accused seemed to be in a very restless, 
agitated state, pacing up and down the room, 
and not able to control himself. He did not 
appear to realise the seriousness of the 
charge against him. or to have the ordinary 
self-protect' ve feeling of a man against whom 
there was a serious charge pending. He (wit- 
ness) had come to the conclusion that the 
man was exceedingly nervously shaken, and 
that if his condition remained as it was, he 
was on the "eve of a complete breakdown. 

EVIDENCE AS TO CHARACTER. 

Captain Wade Thompson. D.L. , Clons- 
keagh Castle, was called, and stated that he 
had known the accused for ten years. Dur- 
ing that time he was one of his staunchest 
friends, and he had found him an honourable, 
straight-forward pentleman. He considered 
him a little erratic in his manner at times. 
and a little inconsequent in his conversation 
occasionally. He was a straightforward, 
kindly gentleman in every way, incapable of 
anything dishonourable, under natural cir- 
cumstances. 

Colonel Sir Frederick W. Shaw described 
the accused's character as of the very best. 
He was not cruel or given to harsh acts. 
Since Captain Colthurst's return from France 
his mind was more unbalanced than before. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton Bell and 
Colonel J. S. Drown gave accused a high 
character. 

Major Eclrford said that he knew accused 
best in India. He thought he was rattier gul- 
lible us fur cis the men were concerned. 



MEDICAL TESTIMONY. 

Capt. George Lawless. Medical Superinten- 
dent of the Armagh District Lunatic Asylum, 
said, in reply to Mr. Chambers, that he had 
examined the accused. His opinion was that 
Capt. Colthurst was in a state of mental in- 
stability, and that he was restless and un- 
strung. His history for over a year was one 
of mental weakness. Witness was a mem- 
ber of a medical board before which Capt. 
Colthurst presented himself in March, 1915. 
A report was then made as to his mental 
and bodily condition. Witness saw him again 
the previous Saturday, when he was with him 
for about two hours. The result of his ex- 
amination was that he considered Captain 
Colthurst was at present mentally in an un- 
sound state, and that he was not responsible. 

Major Francis Purser, who .had also 
examined the accused, agreed with the evi- 
dence given by Capt. Lawless. 

TELEGRAM FROM SIR FRANCIS VANE. 

The President said that before the Court 
retired he should like to read the following 
telegram which he had received from Major 
Sir Francis Yane : — 

As Captain Colthurst's alleged speech ahoat 
myself, as reported in papers, give false impres- 
sion. I consider pnlilic announcement should he 
made from Bench. Please note T was recommended 
by Brigadier 178th brigade for mention in de- 
spatches for work done in the rebellion, and for 
re-organisins; defences Poriobrllo Barracks, but 
did not sanction unnecessary harsh actions. 

The Court then retired'. 



FINDINGS OF THE COU RTMART! AL. 

The finding of the General Courtmartial on 
Captain Bowen-Colthurst, held at Richmond 
Barracks on June 6th and 7th, 1916 was pro- 
mulgated on Saturday. 10th June. 

The Court found' ^nrtain Bowen Colthurst 
guilty of the first third and fifth charges of 
murder, and also found this officer was insane 
at the time that he committed these acts. 
1 he finding m* confirmed by the General 
Officer Commanding -in-Chief. 



TO BE DETAINED IN AN ASYLUM. 

The following communiqui with reference to 
the courtmartial on Captain Bowen Colthurst 
was issued from the Military Headquarters 
in Dublin on Thursday, 29th June : — 

The Army Council has notified that the 
case of Captain J. C. Bowen Colthurst, who 
was found guilty by courtmartial of the 
murder of Sheehy-Skeffington, Thomas Dick- 
son, and Patrick Maclntyre during the recent 
rebellion, has been submitted to the King, 
in accordance with Section 130 of the Aimy 
Act, and His Majesty has been pleased to 
direct that Captain Bowen Colthurst be de- 
tained in a criminal lunatic asylum during His 
Majesty's pleasure. 



1C3 



THE RISING IN COUNTY LOUTH. 

♦ 

MURDER OF CONSTABLE McGEE. 

A Courtmartial assembled on Friday, 9th 
June, at Richmond Barracks, Dublin, for the 
purpose of trying four young men on a 
charge of killing a police constable of the 
R.I.C. at Castlebellingham on Easter Monday, 
and attempting to kill a military officer. 
Major-Geneial Lord Cheylesmore. K.C.V.O., 
presided, and the Couii consisted of twelve 
other officers. Mr. Kenneth Marshall acted 
as Judge Advocate. 

The accused were : — 

John McEntee, electrical engineer. Belfast. 

Frank Martin, house painter, Dublin. 

Denis Leahy, labourer, Dundalk. 

James Sally, coach painter, Dundalk. 

The first charge against them was: " Doing 
an act of such a nature as to be calculated to 
be prejudicial to the public safety and the 
Defence of the Realm, with the intention of, 
and for the purpose of. assisting the enemy, 
in that they, near Castlebeiiingham, Co. 
Louth, on the 24th April, 1916, whilst en- 
gaged in armed rebellion and the waging of 
war against His Majesty the King, feloni- 
ously and of their malice aforethought, did 
kill and murder Constable McGee of the 
Royal Irish Constabulary." The second 
charge against them was: "Doing an act of 
such a nature as to be calculated to be pre- 
judicial to the public safety and the De- 
fence of the Realm, with the intention and 
for the purpose of assisting the enemy, in 
that they, on the 24th April, near Castlebel- 
lingham, whilst engaged in armed rebellion, 
and waging war against the King, did at- 
tempt to kill and murder Lieutenant Robert 
Dunville, Grenadier Guards" ; and the third 
charge was "the doing of an act prejudicial to 
the public safety and Defence of the Realm, 
with the intentior and for the purpose of 
assisting the enemy, in that they took part 
in an armed rebellion in Ireland and the 
wasin^ of war asrainst the King.*' 

Major Kimber, D.S.O., conducted 
the case for the prosecution. Mr. 
T. M. Heaiy, K.C., M.P., and Mr. 
Cecil Laverv (instiucted by Mr. Hamill, Dun- 
dalk) appeared for the accused, with the ex- 
ception of McEntee, who was defended by 
Mr. Hanna, K.C., and Mr. McGrath (in- 
structed by Mr. John Gore). 

THE FACTS OF THE CASE. 

The Prosecutor (Major Ilimber) briefly 
stated the facts of the case. He said on 
Sunday morning, April 23rd, a party of 
73 men set out from Dundalk at ten o'clock 
in the morning. Nineteen of them -were 
armed, and they went to Ardee. On the way 
they -were met by a man in a motor car, in 
which there were rifles. These rifles were 
distributed to the men, who adopted military 
formations. McEntee was in charge of the 
party. They stayed at Ardee that night, and 
early on the morning of the 24th they 
■tailed back tow aids Castlebellingham. At 



si" in i\e evening tney were at Lurgan Green, 
the party having been reduced to about 50. 
A man named Patrick McCormack, a farmer, 
came towards Sergeant Wynnes, who had 
been following the party throughout, and 
accused McEntee of having wounded him in 
the hand with a revolver, and asked him to 
arrest him. McEntee replied — "I did it as a 
matter of duty. Ireland is proclaimed' a Re- 
public, and you must stand or fall by that 
fact." Sergeant Wymes, whom tney knew 
well, and two other constables, were made 
prisoners, and placed under an armed guard. 
Several motor cars passed on the road, and 
every vehicle passing was stopped and 
searched. That continued' until 6.30, when 
the rebels went to Castlebellingham. About 
seven o'clock a party arrived at Castlebelling- 
ham and pulled up on the middle of the road, 
near the police barrack. McEntee and 

Martin came up and covered three policemen 
with revolvers. They were taken and placed 
with their backs against a railings. Martin 
was put in chan j of them, and he said to 
them that if they stirred thev would be shot. 
Whilst this was going on Constable McGee 
came up, riding a bicycle. McEntee ordered* 
him to dismount and to deliver what de- 
spatches he had to him. The constable was 
searched, and his despatches taken from him. 
McGee was placed against the rail, and about 
twenty armed Volunteers were addressed by 
McEntee. who said : " See that your revolvers 
are procerly loaded, and be ready to obey 
me." Then Lieutenant Dunville in his motor 
car came on the scene. He was stopped and 
ordered out of his car, and he and his chauf- 
feur were put with the three men with their 
backs to the railings. The prisoner Leahy 
pointed his rifle at Lieutenant Dunville and 
then McEntee gave an order. The rebe 1 s 1 
back to their cars, and shots were heard. 
Lieutenant Dunvil'e was hit. and the ehanio 
went through his lung. Almost immediately 
-onstalle McGee was hit. 11^ fell, and died 
in a couple of hours. 

THE REBELS' PASSWORD. 

Sergeant M. Wymes, R.I.C.. Dundalk. 
said that on Sun..v, April 23rd, at 10 
o'clock in the morning, he saw a body of 
twenty men, leaving a hall in the town. 
Nineteen of them were armed with rifles, 
double and single barrels, and they went on 
towards Ardee, accompanied by 'five cars'. 
At Ardee he saw the prisoners, and he saw 
ammunition being handed out. They arrived 
at Slane about 8 o'clock, and stayed on 
the road' till 12 o'clock at night, where they 
encamped. At a quarter to , three. in the 
morning they proceeded towards Ccllon. He 
traced their movements during the aay to 
Castlebellingham. The party, numbered fifty 
at Lurgan Green, mostly. armed. 
That was at 6 p.m. Patrick : McCor- 
mack, a farmer, came along with 
McEntee, and McCormack said that McEntee 
had phot him :n the hand, and .the latter said 
he did it as a matter of duty : that Jreland 
was proclaimed a Republic, and that he was 
prepared to stand or fall by his acts. He 



110 



made witness a prisoner. Two Con- 
stables then came up, and they and he were 
searched and placed under an armed guard. 
The cars that passed were all commandeered 
and' taken possession of by the Sinn Fcintrs. 
Witness was there for an hour and a half 
altogether under an armed guard. The 
main party of Sinn Fciners went away. He 
was allowed eventually to go away, and was 
given the password "Limerick," by which 
he was enabled to pass the rest of the rebels. 
He saw three of the accused, Martin, 
MeEntee, and Sally bearing arms. He did 
not see Leahy there at all. 

POLICE HELD UP. 

Acting Sergeant Patrick Kiernan, Castle- 
bellingham, stated that on Easter Monday he 
saw a party of armed men passing through 
the village between 4.30 and 5 p.m., going 
towards Dund'alk. They were on foot. 
There were a couple of vehicles behind them. 
Some of them came back about 6.45 — thiee 
cars and eleven armed men came back. They 
had shot guns and rifles. Witness did not 
recognise them as being in the first party. 
About fifteen minutes later about fifty men 
came from the Dundalk direction, armed with 
rifles, shot guns, and revolvers. The cars 
stopped near the end of the village, the last 
car being about 120 yards from the barracks. 
Witness took a constable with him 
down after the cars. As he approached 
MeEntee, Martin, and two others presented 
revolvers at them, and ordered them to 
stand by the railing. MeEntee said if they 
stirred one way or the other they would 
be shot dead. While standing there, Con- 
stable McGee came up on his bicycle, and 
MeEntee and several others went towards him 
and ordered him to dismount. He got off, 
and they told him to stand with his back to 
the railings. MeEntee asked him had be 
arms, and he said not, and MeEntee ordered 
him to de'iver up all papers on him, other- 
wise he would be shot. Constable McGee 
then handed what witness believed to be two 
despatches to MeEntee. The constable was 
then searched for arms. After the search 
MeEntee came clown, and stood about a yard 
in front of witness, facing him. There would 
be about twenty others present, just I ebind 
the last motor car, all armed. MeEntee 
said: "Now, men, keep your rifles at proper 
load, and be able to obey me when I give the 
order." Martin was then present. Lieu- 
tenant Dunville then came up in a motor car, 
and was stopped by MeEntee and several 
others with revolvers and rifles. They 

{»ointed their weapons towards Lieutenant 
)unville, who was taken out of the car and 
put standing by the railings. Witness saw 
the accused, Denis Leahy, standing about 
three yards away. Witness also saw James 
Sally present. The chauffeur was also 
ordered to leave the motor car. There were 
about twenty men at least covering witness 
and the other four men with rifles and re- 
volvers. He then heard a shot from the 
direction of the first motor car. Lieutenant 
Dunville said, "I am shot," and commenced 



to fall back against the railings. Witness 
did not then see where he was shot, but 
afterwards found he was shot through the 
body. Another shot followed, and witness 
and Constable Donovan ran into a house. Two 
shots were fired as they crossed the road. 
Witness and the other policeman went out 
backwards and got to the barracks. He re- 
turned to the scene immediately, and found 
Constable McGee shot. The. constable died 
within a few hours. All the cars went away, 
except one which broke down. That car con- 
tained a large amount of ammunition foi 
rifles, revolvers, and shot guns. 

AMERICAN AMMUNITION. 

The President said the rifle cartridges were 
American ammunition. The shotgun ammuni- 
tion was a mixture of buckshot and ordinary 
shot. 

Constable Patrick Donovan, R.I.C., 
stationed at Castlebellingham, answering 
Major Kimber, said he remembered going 
before the rebels' cars to stop them on Easter 
Monday about 7 p.m. As he got in front of 
the cars he was " halted " by four men, of 
whom two were the accused, MeEntee and 
Martin, both being armed with revolvers. 
MeEntee placed him beside the railing, and 
put Martin in charge of him, with directions 
that if he did anvthing he should be shot. 
The police were in uniform, but they had 
no arms. He saw MeEntee stop Constable 
McGee with a revolver pointed at him. 
MeEntee told him that "if he resisted he 
would be shot. There were a lot of rebels 
round about, and they were all armed. He 
saw Lieutenant Dunville and his chauffeur 
ordered out of their car by MeEntee, who 
covered them with his revolver. Witness 
ask^d the men who placed them against the 
railing not to shoot them. 

LIEUTENANT DUNVILLE'S NARROW ESCAPE 

Second Lieutenant Robert Dunville, of the 
Grenadier Guards, said he was travelling by 
motor car from Belfast to Kingstown on 
Easter Monday, accompanied by his 
chauffeur. They arrived at Castlebelhng- 
ham about ten minutes to seven. When ho 
entered the village he saw three policemen 
on the left hand side of the road near the 
railings. He also saw a considerable num- 
ber of men in motor curs, and some on the 
road — all armed, some with revolvers, some 
had automatic pistols, others carbines and 
ordinary rifles. As he could not get through 
he pulled his car up, and a man whom he 
identified as the accused, Leahy, came up 
and pointed a rifle at him. Then MeEntee 
came up and presented a pistol at him. Wit- 
ness asked them what it was- all about, told 
him that he wanted to catch the boat from 
Kingstown, and to let him pass. Hia 
chauffeur and himself were placed with 
the police at ti.e railings. '1 hen a 
man got out of one of the cars, and aimed * 
long rifle at him. He heard a report, and 
somebody at his right hand side shouted, and 
he found that he himself had been shot; that 
the bullet passed through his breast from left 



Ill 



to right. He saw a rifle still pointed at him 
after he was hit. After that he fell, and ha 
■was removed to his car. Besides McEntee, 
who seemed to be in command, he saw Leahy 
and ivlartin. He could recognise the man 
who pointed the long rifle, but he was not 
one of the accused. 

Dr. Patrick J. O'Hagan, Castlebellingham, 
described the nature of Constable McGee's in- 
juries. He was suffering from four bullet 
wounds, two in the left arm, and two in the 
body. Witness was present at the post-mortem 
and attributed death to shock and hemorrhage, 
resulting from bullet wounds. Witness also 
attended Lieutenant Dunville, and found two 
wounds on the chest, one on the le f, being ap- 
parently the wound of entry. 

AID OF A FOREIGN POWER. 

Sergt. Chr. Sheridan, R.I.C., stationed at 
Dundalk, said he searched McEntee's lodgings 
in Anne street, Dundalk, on May 17th, and 
found a number of papers and documents, 
and a book in which the following was 
written : — 

Proposed and seconded, that a meeting he lie'd 
in the Town Hall on Easter Sunday. First. Ire- 
land to reach independence in two ways — (1) by 
the development of limited autonomy; (2) at one 
stroke by her own unaided exertion, or by the aid 
of a foreign power— the latter the more feasible. 
Should she gain it by the first ipso she would 
be strong enough to hold it, and by the second 
we will consider. 

The qther documents composed copies of 
Sinn Fein newspapers, such as the Spark 
and the Volunteer, and a manuscript in 
which was entered some dates in history, as 
far back as the fifteenth century, at which 
rebellions took place, not only m Ireland, 
but on the Continent. Then there were 
books of military instruction, and a pamphlet 
on Sinn Fein policy. One of the letters 
found was a reply from the War Office au- 
thorities to an application of McEntee's for 
a commission in His Majesty's Army. 

MR. HEALY AND THE GOVERNMENT. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Healy — Was there 
a Government in Ireland while all this was 
going on ? Were the police in Dundalk ? 
Yes. 

Did you allow all these young men to be 
brigaded, drilled, organised, armed, and pro- 
Germanised without taking any steps to stop 
it ? We did net interfere. 

Did you ever caution them ? No. 

Head Constable Donnelly, Dundalk, told 
the Court that on the 28th April last he 
opened the desk which McEntee had at the 
power house, Dundalk, and found a quantity 
of papers and letters, among the latter being 
a letter from the late P. II. Pearse, who was 
the Commander-in-Chief of the rebels, recom- 
mending McEntee to push on the work and com- 
plete their equipment and training. He also 
produced a book containing what he took to 
be a list of names of the Volunteers in 
Dundalk, and a circular from Cumann no, 
Bhan relating to a drawing for the distribu- 
tion of arms to be held on the 8th Aprih 

LEAHY'S STATEMENT. 
Head Constable Kinahan proved a state- 



ment made by Leahy on .April 27 to District 
Inspector Smith before that officer was killed 
in which he stated that on the previous 
Sunday they walked into Ardee, where they 
got rifles there from a strange car. They 
then went to Collon, and from that to Slane, 
where they stopped till 3 o'clock next morn- 
ing. They walked through Dunleer into 
Castlebellingham, and on to Lurgangreen 
where they met a strange man on a car, who 
«aid he came from Dublin, and that fighting 
was going on there. "So," continues the 
statement, " we were all taken together to 
get our guns ready. We were told that if v/e 
moved we would be shot. All the motor 
cars that were coming in from the races were 
held up with revolvers, and the cars were 
taken possession of. We went on to Dun- 
shaughlin, and as the motor cars ran short of 
petrol we had all to get out and walk. A 
few of us got together, and said we would 
not go. So we had to hand up our rifles 
and ammunition. We had to leave them 
and walk where we were arrested." 

Percy Alfred Spalding, Engineer, and 
Manager of the Electricity Works, Dundalk, 
under whom the accused, McEntee, had been 
employed, gave him an excellent character 
from the personal point of view, as well 33 
from the professional. Testimonials from offi- 
cials in Belfast were also read. The witness 
said that McEntee had left on the Thursday 
before Easter for his holiday, promising to 
be back at his work on Monday morning. 
_ This closed the evidence for the prosecu- 
tion. 

Mr. Healy opened the case for the defence 
of his clients. 

Thomas Harty, car driver, Dundalk, ex- 
amined by Mi. La very, deposed to having 
driven a party of Volunteers on the Sunday 
and Easter Monday through the country, and 
that he was with Sally at Lurgantjreen when 
the constable was shot at Castlebellingham 

McENTEE'S STATEMENT. 
John McEntee, one of the accused, hern 
read to the Court a statement which he had 
prepared since the trial began. At the out- 
set he positively denied the charge of murder. 
In obedience to the order of his commander, 
he stopped the constable and searched him. 
He took from him one envelope, which ha 
brought to his commander. The constable re- 
ceived no abuse from him, and he lamented kis 
death; the constable was his fellow-country- 
man, discharging his duty. He s"W 
Danville sink to the ground, and 
would have gene to assist him but that 
their commander thought it imperative, from 
information which he had received, that they 
should no longer remain there. He was 
charged with having given assistance to the 
King's enemies. He absolutely denied that 
he had given, directly or indirertly, assistance 
to the King's enemies. Anylhing lie did was 
done out of love for Ireland, and not to assist 
the King's enemies in any way. Such an 
ide* never occurred to him. Fie admitted that 
for some months, up to April 24 he was an 
active and enthusiastic Volunteer ; and' he was » 

3 1 



112 



Volunteer, first of all, because, being an Irish- 
man, he thought that the economic and in- 
dustrial future of his country could only be 
tssured by such government as was enjoyed 
by the Empire's free Dominions. He re- 
cognised that the Home Rule Act -was such a 
measure, and he thought he saw in the pro- 
mise of an Amending Bill a proposal whereby 
Ulster should be cut off and separated from 
*,he Ireland which he loved. He saw his 
hopes falsified by the promise of an Amending; 
Bill, and he saw no protection against it but 
some such organisation as the Ulster Volun- 
teer Force. He admitted that he took part m 
events which he afterwards discovered were a 
rebellion ; but bis sole aim and object was to 
resist the suppression of the organisation 
whose maintenance he regarded as a great 
safeguard against the repeal of Home Rule. 
Throughout the whole proceedings he had no 
idea or desire to assist the enemy. When 
General Parsons was raising the 16th Division 
he applied to him for a Commission, but owing 
to the difficulty of getting to Mallow the ap- 
plication fell through, and he then decided to 
devote himself to his profession. In conclu- 
sion, he said he was not aware of any of the 
plans for the late unfortunate insurrection. 

HIGHWAY ROBBERY IN BROAD DAYLIGHT. 

Mr. T. Erskine Alexander, solicitor, Bel- 
fast, said he was motoring from Fairyhouse 
Races to Belfast, when he was stopped at 
Dromiskey by about thirty armed men. 
McEntee was there, and but for McEntee the 
other men would have behaved badly to him 
(witness) and the other persons whom they 
had stopped. His car had been taken from 
him, but it was returned later on. 

The Prosecutor — Do you agree with me that 
thi:> was highway robbery of your car in broad 
day'ight? Yes. 

McEntee was apparently in authority? He 
was the only one that I identify. I don't 
remember having seen any of the others. The 
whole crowd surrounded us and pointed their 
revolvers at us. 

Alderman John McOrath, Belfast, who 
travelled with Mr. Alexander, corroborated 
his evidence. 

A chauffeur named Dickson, who drove 
another motor car going to Belfast, gave evi- 
dence of having been stopped by the rebels, 
who took possession of his car, after having 
turned out the owner. McEntee sat beside 
him as he drove back to Castlebellingham 
from Lurgan Green. There were five other 
rebels in the car sitting behind him, and one 
of them put his rifle to his left shoulder and 
fired at the police who were lined up. against 
the railings at Castlebellingham. He heard 
the man say that he had got first blood. 
McEntee had only a little automatic pistol. 
McEntee gave him money to buy food 

Wm. Donnelly, another chauffeur, s?Jd that 
he heard McEntee refuse to give ammunition 
to those who demanded it. 

Patrick Byrne, publican, CastlcbeU lgham, 
Caid that he saw the five persons, including 
Sihe three policemen, lined up against the rail 



ings, and he saw Constable Magee shot, but 
it was not done by McEntee. 

Mr. Joseph Devlin, M.P. ; Mr. Joseph 
Donnelly, Treasury Solicitor for Ireland, and 
Mr. T. Callan Macardle, Dundalk, gave evi- 
dence testifying to the respectability of 
McEntee. 

SENTENCES. 

The following result of the trial was subse- 
quently issued : — 

John McEntee, Francis Martin, and Denia 
Leahy was sentenced to death; these sen- 
tences were confirmed by the General Officer 
Commanding-in-Chief, but commuted to penal 
servitude as under : — 

John McEntee — Penal servitude for life. 

Francis Martin — Ten years' penal servitude. 

Denis Leahy — Ten years' penal servitude. 

James Sally was sentenced to penal servi- 
tude for ten years, which was confirmed by 
the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, with 
a remission of five years of the sentence 
awarded. 

THE BATTLE OF ASHBOURNE. 
♦ 

MEATH COUNTY SURVEYOR 
ACQUITTED. 

The trial by courtmartial of James 
Quigley, County Surveyor of County Meath, 
began on Wednesday, 7th, and concluded 
on Friday, 9th June, at Richmond' Barracks, 
Dublin. The charge against Mr. Quigley 
was that, during the rising of Sinn 
Fein rebels in the County Meath on April 
28th, when the police were ambushed near 
Ashbourne and several officers and men 
were killed and a number wounded, he 
conveyed information by signal to them 
as to the whereabouts of the police, 
which might be helpful to them, and pre- 
judicial to the peace and welfare of the 
King'^ subjects. The accused denied the 
charge, and, further, stated that he had 
neither hand, act nor part in the rebellion, and 
thut he had no knowledge of the acts of the 
rebels, and that he had no sympathy with 
them. 

The accused pleaded not guilt}', and was 
defended' by Mr. Henry Hanna, K.C., and 
Mr. Lardner, M.P. (instructed by Mr. J. J. 
McDonald). 

CASE FOR PROSECUTION. 

Major Kimber, the Prosecutor, said the 
facts of the case were that during the week 
of the rebellion a man named Ashe set out 
with a doctor named Hayes and a number of 
armed rebels, and they deliberately took pos- 
session of various police barracks, took the 
policemen prisoners, and ultimately came to a 
pitched battle with the police at a place called 
Ashbourne, where the County Inspector was 
mortally wounded, the District Inspector 
killed', and 16 policemen were wounded, and 
four or five others killed. The expedition of 
the police started from Navan on the 28th 
April at aboi" , i 11.15 a.m. The/ were in 
motor cars, in command of County Inspector 
Cray and District Inspector Smith. They 
started to relic ve the policemen besieged at 

£ 2 



113 



Ashbourne, a distance of about 20 miles from 
Navan. At a spot on the road' between Bal- 
rothery and Kilmoon the police met the ac- 
cused, James Quigley, with his motor cycle. 
The accused was a man of importance in the 
County Meath, occupying an official position 
as County Surveyor. He was standing at the 
cross roads when the police passed, and when 
they got close to Kilmoon they again passed 
the prisoner on the road. Near Ashbourne tha 
police were fired upon by the rebels. The 
accused came up on his cycle behind them, 
left the cycle on the side of the road and 
ran across in a stooping position to a wood. 
It was important to recollect that because 
during the fight which followed the police 
were fired upon from the wood, and the police 
force was cut off from the rear and sur- 
rounded. The police finally surrendered', and 
when they surrendered they saw the accused 
talking with rebels and shaking hands with 
Ashe. When the premises of the accused' 
were searched a rifle, a shot gun, ammuni- 
tion, and seditious literature were found 
there. 

Acting Sergeant Joseph Stephenson, 
R.I.C.. deposed that he was on duty at Slane 
on the 26th April. On that day he saw Mr. 
Quigley come into the village on his motor 
bicycle and take observation oi the police, 
who numbered 20 or 30, standing about the 
local police station. He thought the accused 
was spying on the police. 

RIFLES AND AMMUNITION PRODUCED. 

District Inspector H. B. Molony, R.I.C., 
who bad been in charge of the Navan district 
from the 2nd till the 31st May, produced 
three rifles, 54 rounds of ammunition, a 
button badge of the Volunteers,, a copy of 
Nationality, some copies of a " Cuman-na- 
bham " leaflet, and some books and manu- 
script, which were found at the house of tha 
accused. 

Sergeant John Griffith, R.I.C., stated that 
he was in charge of Bohermeen Barracks, five 
miles from Navan. On the 23th April last 
hr> was at Slane and left with a party of 
police, under County Inspector Gray and 
District Inspector SmitK Jt was about 11 
o'clock They went tov>-.a/ Ashbourne. Wit- 
ness had known the accuse! , bout three years, 
and saw him first that day standing with a 
motor cycle on the nad ne.i> Kilmoon. The 
accused passed "the motor Curs in which the 
police were, and went on towards Kilmoon 
and Ashbourne. Witne.^ afterwards saw 
accused talking to two men 4m the side of the 
road, and saw him a third time nearer Ash- 
bourne, when* he left his </<yc!e and went 
across the fields. The ncvused' waved his 
hands. Shortly afterwards thore was a fusi- 
lade of bullets against the vobVe. The police 
were practicaUv in a trap, btV'ng fired upon 
from every direction. The fi^ltHng continued 
from noon till about 5 p.m., ijfen the police 
eurrendererd, having no hmm- ammunition. 
The County irt potior, the Di&* v vfcfc Inspector 
two sergeant, and four constabh* *sere killed, 
aud about 16 met, rts^c'sdu lh\- the fight- 



ing witness saw the accused talking to a num- 
ber of men in the Irish Volunteer uniform. 

Constable William Gray, R.I.C., Ke.ls, gave 
corroborative evidence, identifying the ac- 
cused as being present at the spots already 
alluded to. The police were not fired on 
from the rear until a quarter of an hour be- 
fore the end of the fight. All the firing 
before that came from the direction of Kil- 
moon and' from the right and left front. 

THE BATTLE BETWEEN POLICE AND 
REBELS. 

Constable Oliver Watson, R.I.C., Kells, 
said that he was one of the police party that 
left Slane on the morning of the 28th April 
on motor cars for Ashbourne. He saw the 
accused at twelve o'clock that day where the 
battle took place. The accused was standing 
on the side of the road where he saw hit» 
that evening after the battle at Rath Cross. 
The battle between the police and the rebels 
was a hot one. It went on for five hours. 
He estimated that there were forty rebels 
between himself and the police barracks at 
Kilmoon. Witness kept firing as long as his 
ammunition lasted, after which ne surrendered 
with the other police. When he surrendered 
he was taken to Rath Cross, and there he 
saw a lot of wounded' men and Mr. Quigley. 
He saw Mr. Quigley naltcd by a man whom he 
afterwards learned was named Ashe. Ashe, 
apparently, was a commander, and was in 
uniform. Quigley said to Ashe — " Don't mind' 
soe ; I am an independent man. I am a 
county road surveyor." Quigley gave Asha 
a red card. 1'he prisoner dia not shake 
hands with Ashe in witness's presence. 

Constable Eugene Brattan, R.I.C., Navan. 
gave evidence as to having seen the accuser 
on the road near Ashbourne with his motot 
cycle. Witness was taken prisoner by the 
rebels about an hour after the fight started. 
He was detained about half an hour, and the 
rebels then told him to go and sit in a field 
at the back of a ditch. (Laughter.) He i'.d 
so, and escaned some time later, borrowing n 
bicycle, on which hi rode to Balrath Po~\ 
Office and 'phoned f~r assistance. When t«* 
returned to the scene of the fighting at about 
6 p.m. it was all over. Witness, who had 
been in plain clothes driving a motor car, 
found that the car had cone away, and got 
another car, and was in the act of turning it 
when he saw Mr. Quigley come to the back 
of the car and look at the number. Accused 
had a pencil and paper in his hand, and took 
some notes. 

Sergeant Terence MacDermott, R.I.C., 
stationed at Ballivor, Co. Meath, stated tha* 
he was one of the police party, and that h« 
saw the accused not far from Ashbourne. Wit 
ness was one of lho=e who surrendered to 
the rebels ne^r Ashbourne. A quarter 
of an hour after the conclusion of 
the battle he saw the accused come along the 
road through the Sinn Fciners, of whom 
there were about on^ hundred. r lhe accu-ed 
v-*s not molested by them ]£« spoke to the 
cotn-mander, Thomas A-he, *nth whom he 
Bested to be on friendly terms, because he 

£ 3 



114 



shook hands with him and spoke to him for a 
couple of minutes. Witness -was standing 
among the wounded policemen, trying to 
assist them. 

STATEMENT BY ACCUSED. 

At the sitting oi the Court on ihursday, 
8th June, two witnesses for the prosecution 
were examined before the public were ad- 
mitted. 

This closed the case for the prosecution. 
• Mr. Hanna said the accused could not be 
examined' on oath, but he could make a state- 
ment. 

The accused then read a statement, in the 
course of which he said that some time early 
in 1913 a corps of Volunteers was formed at 
Navan as a counterblast to the Ulster Volun- 
teers. He joined the corps, and was ap- 
pointed secretary. A meeting of delegates 
from similar corp3 in the County Meath as- 
sembled in Navan to discuss the question 
w het-her or. not they should join the Dublin 
corps of Volunteers. They had about one 
hundred men, and they had no fixed policy. 
The majority o": them were incapable of mili- 
tary service. At their first meeting ne pro- 
posed a resolution of loyalty to the King and 
the Constitution of the Realm. That was de- 
feated by an amendment that the matter be 
left to an All-Ireland meeting, and he took 
no further part in their deliberations. They 
continued route marching until their in- 
structor left to join the Army when the war 
broke out. He was anxious that Lord Fin- 
gall should take command of the Volunteers, 
lie did not succeed in getting Lord Fingall, 
and he waited on Colonel Hammr.nd and asked 
him to take command. He also refused, and 
they tried to get Lord Gormanston, but there 
was an objection to such a prominent Unionist 
taking command. Subscriptions were raised, 
and sixteen rifles and some ammunition were 
purchased. One of the rifles was given to 
him, but it was out of order, and the twenty 
cartridges remained in his house. The rifles 
and ammunition were purchased openly '<- L -> 
James Sheridan's, of Navan. He had been 
advised to resign his connection with the 
Volunteers lest the men employed by tlio 
County Council might not be pleased with 
him. He did not resign, but he took no 
part in the proceedings of the Volunteers. He 
never had' any connection with the Irish 
Volunteers, and he had never met or spoken 
to any of them as far as he knew, with the 
exception of John McNeill, who came to 
Navan. Kot a single man of those who had 
taken part in the recent rebellion was known 
to him. He had not hand, act, or part in 
the rebellion or the disturbances that took 
place. He was at Fairyhouse Races when he 
heard' of the outbreak in Dublin. He re- 
fused to beliave at first that it was more 
than a riot. He knew of no Irish Volunteers 
in the County Meath. His alary would ac- 
count for his movements every day in the 
tear, lie was engaged on the 28th April on 
is offlVial duties, and in attending a meeting 
at Arcee. it was in returning froi"? that 
meeting on his motor Meycle he met the 
police near Ashbourne, d) found himself in 



danger from the firing, and had to take 
shelter in a cottage. He denied that he had 
waved his hand's to the rebels, as stated by 
the police witnesses. He had never said that 
the police should not have been driven in ears 
that day. His speaking to the " rebel 
leader," alluded to, was merely to ask him 
to allow him to pass in order to fetch a 
doctor to the wounded police and civilians. 
He did not shake hands with the rebel leader. 
He had never belonged to any Sinn Fein 
organisation, nor did he subscribe to any 
such society. No man in Ireland knew less 
about the late disturbance than he did, and 
he was absolutely h.nocent of any connection 
with the outbreak. As to the empty gelignite 
box found at his house that was brought from 
a quarry two years ago, and the Volunteer 
button badge had been given to him at a 
tobacco shop. The " Cumann na Bhan " 
circular had been sent to his house by post. 
He had never written or spoken a word in- 
dicating that he was dissatisfied with the 
British Empire. He had spent the greater 
part of his life in England, ana had as many 
English as Irish friends. He had tried to join 
the Army when he was a young man. If be 
had been accepted then his career might have 
been different from what it was. 

John Conroy," Assistant Surveyor, County 
Meath, examined by Mr. Hanna, said that 
some roads in the county were regularly in- 
spected by Mr. Quigley once or twice a 
month. Mr. Quigley was out on inspection 
duty on the 28th of April. 

ACCUSED NOT ACTIVE. 

John J. Gallen, Secretary to the County 
Committee of Meath, said he was Treasurer 
of the Volunteer Corps at Navan. Mr. 
Quigley had been president of the branch all 
the time, but it was almost a year since b.e 
took any active part. He knew that Mr. 
Quigley proposed an address to the King de- 
claring their loyalty when the branch was 
formed in 1914. 

Witness said that since the war began the 
National Volunteers had no 1 ; been active, and 
they had no meetings since the middle of last 
year. The subscriptions which they had re- 
ceived came from people of all denominations 
in the county. The rifles they bought were 
still in the hands of the Volunteers. None 
except those that were lifted by the police 
were given in. 

PURCHASE OF RIFLES. 

P. J. McQuillan, publican and farmer, 
Navan, in his evidence statea that he was a 
member of the Committee of the Navan 
Volunteers, and that none of their members 
had anything to do with the Sinn Fein out- 
break at Ashbourne. They were all abso- 
lutely opposed to the principle of Sinn Fein. 
He knew some persons who were reputed to 
be Sinn Feiners, but none of them were mem- 
bers of the Volunteers to which he belonged 1 . 
Noiio of his Volunteers, with the exception 
of Mr. Quigley, had been arrested. He re- 
membered the purchase of sixteen ri.les from 
Mr. Jamos Sheridan, of Navan. Fourteen 
were kept for drilling purposes, and two were 
sent to men at Kilbarry. Xhoy had paid £4 

£4 



115 



for each rifle. Mr. Quigley was a trustee of 
the funds, and there was about £40 in bank. 
Mr. Quigley had the confidence of the people 
who supported the Irish Parliamentary Party. 

In reply to the Prosecutor, the witness said 
that not many of his members left him at 
the "split,"" and there was no body of the 
Irish Volunteers near. 

A shop assistant in the employment of Mr. 
Sheridan, Navan, produced ' n account book 
shoeing a sale of rifles on the 12th August, 
1914, to the Committee of the Navan Volun- 
teers. 

Mr. P. Boyle, of Blake, and Mr. John P. 
O'Brien, Assistant County Surveyor, proved 
that the accused attended a meeting of the 
Ardee No. 2 Rural District Counc'l in his 
capacity as County Surveyor on April 28th. 

COUNTY SURVEYOR'S EVIDENCE. 

Mr. Francis Bergin, C E., Acting County 
Surveyor for Kildare, produced a map show- 
ing elevations and measurements of portions 
of the road where the accused was seen by 
the police on the day of the fight. The por- 
tion of the road to Ashbourne known as the 
Cauaiway was visible from the country all 
round. 

Joseph Coiuoy, a road ganger in*the em- 
ployment of the Meath County Council; gave 
evidence that on the 28th April, while he was 
at his duties on the road tetween Balrath 
and Duleek, the accused came to him about 
11.5 a.m., and remained with him giving in- 
structions lor three-quarters of an hour. He 
left, going towards Navan, about 12 o'clock. 

MR. P. WHITE. M.P. 

Mr. Patrick White, M.P. for North Meath, 
said he had known the accused since he was 
appointed County Surveyor, eight or nine 
years ago. From that time Mr. Quigley was 
always a supporter of the Irish Parliamentary 
Party and a subscriber to their funds. Win. . 
the Volunteers were started at Navan the ac- 
cused took a prominent part in carrying them 
on. Witness said he was present at a review 
of National Volunteers at Slane about two 
years ago. Mr. Quigley was there, and so 
were many noblfi lords, including Lord Fin- 
gall, Lord Dunsany, the Marquis of Headfort, 
the Marquis Conyngham, and several minor 
lords. There was nothing Sinn Fein in 
that demonstration. 

Miss Quigley, a sister of the accused, said 
she was a qualified nurse, and that she volun- 
teered for war service at the outbreak of the 
war. She was called up in January, 1915, 
and after serving three months in England 
she went to Egypt. She had several letters 
from her brother while she was abroad. Sho 
knew his views on the war, and he said to 
her when she volunteered for service that it 
was the best thing that she could do. He 
said to her that if she wanted anything she 
was to write to him for it, and that he 
would be glad to welcome her home as his 
Inniskilling dragoon. (Laughter.) 

Mr. John Rogers, Piercetown, County 
Meath, stated that he saw the accusec coming 
along the road from Kilmoon police barrack, lie 
told witness that he had better not go up, or 



he might be shot. Both went for shelter 
behind a labourer's cottage, and listened to 
the firing. When there was a lull they went 
down the road about 400 yards, and both sat 
on the back of the ditch. When the firing 
ceased Quigley said he would go up for his 
bicycle, and witness mounted his own bicycle 
and rode off in the opposite direction. 

Nicholas Kinsella gave evidence, in which 
he stated that, having seen a man with a 
motor bicycle coming across a field which was 
sown with corn, he waved his arms to him to 
keep off. He found it was the accused, who 
came into his house, and stayed for tea 
minutes. 

DR. E. BYRNE. 

Dr. Eugene Byrne, of Slane, said that he, 
having heard of the fight at Ashbourne, was 
proceeding in that direction oetween 2 and 3 
o'clock in his motor car, when he was arrested 
by the " Sinn Feiners," and detained for two- 
and-a-half or three hours. A "^Sinn Feiner" 
sat in his motor car, and as they were driving 
along to the place where the wounded were 
they passed Mr. Quigley and another man. 
The " Sinn Feiner," who was guiding him to 
the place, said that the men they had passed 
wanted a "lift," and he stopped and took 
him into the motor car Mr. Quigley said 
he would come and help him to dress the 
wounded. He also said that he had come 
there that morning to survey the road, and ha 
added — 'Isn't it a terrible thing that Irish- 
men should be killing one another like this?" 

Thomas MeGrane, servant to Dr. O'Reilly, 
said that on the day of the " battle of Ash- 
bourne " the accused rode up on a motor 
bicycle to Dr. O'Reilly's house at Ratoath. 
The doctor was not at home, and Mr. Quigley 
left a message for him that he should, when 
he came home, go to Ashbourne as quickly as 
possible, where he was wanted to attend to 
wounded police, and to bring medical appli- 
ances with him. That was between 5 and 
5.30 /clock in the evening. The doctor did 
not reach home till 6.30, and then he went 
off to Ashbourne, taking two clergymen with 
him. 

Patrick Boyle was recalled, and he proved 
that the Meath County Council, at a meeting 
since Mr. Quigley was arrested, passed a re- 
solution bearing testimony to his good char- 
acter and to his efficiency as an officer; and 
also expressing the hope that he would be 
soon released, „s the Council believed there 
were no grounds for his arrest. 

Rev. Mr. Kinahan and Cornelius Corcoraii 
having been examined, the evidence for the 
defence closed. 

ACQUITTED. 

The Court, having retired to consider their 
verdict, returned after an absence of abouft 
half an hour. 

The President — Having considered all the 
evidence, the Court find that the sccused, 
James Quigley, is not guilty of the charge. 
The finding is read in open cct&'t, J9<3 the 
accused is released. 

The announcement was received witPi siigM 
F.pplause, and the accused, having bowed tfl 
the Court, left in company with a UAuuber ol. 
relatives and friends. 



116 



OFFICERS AND CIVILIANS SHOT 
AT GUINNESS'S. 



QUARTERMA5TERSERGEANT 
ACQUITTED. 

A General Courtmartial assembled on Mon- 
day, 12th June, at Richmond Barracks for 
the purpose of trying Company Quarter- 
master Sergeant Robert Flood, of the 
6th Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers, 
On a charge of raving, on April 28th, 
at Dublin, murdered Lieutenant A. Lucas, of 
^he 2nd King Edward's Horse. He was also 
pharged with having murdered William John 
Bice, an employe of Guinness's Brewery, on 
the same date. The accused pleaded not 
«uiltv, and was defended by Mr. Henry 
Banna, K.C. (instructed by Mr. Joseph 
Gleeson). 

The prosecution was conducted by Major E. 
G. Kimber, D.S.O. (instructed by Mr. 
Robertson, of the Chief Crown Solicitor's 
Office). 

Major-General Lord Cheylesmore, K G.V.O., 
-presided over 'the Court, and Mr. Kenneth 
Marshall W5» Judge Advocate. 

PROSECUTOR'S STATEMENT. 

Major Kiaber stated the facts of the case 
for the prosecution. On the evening of April 
28th, Colonel Williams, who was tti charge 
■?i the military in the area in *hich Guin- 
ness's Brewery is situate, c raered Captain 
McNamara, of the Dublin F'i&iliers, to place a 
guard in the malthouse, which is at the south- 
v-stern corner of the premises. . Captain 
McNamara went th/rre, with Quartermaster- 
Sergeant Flood (the accused) and' nine men. 
7 ' was a pitch dark night and that was a 
matter to be recollected. The orders which 
Colonel Williams gave to Captain McNamara 
were that he was not to '-turn the snipers' 
6hot~, and pot to fire at all unless there were 
attempts made to enter the brewery. At 
11 o'clock that night Captain Rotheram was 
ordered by Colonel Williams to take down 
Second Lieutenant Lucas (who was subse- 
quently killed) to the brewe>y, in order to re- 
lieve Captain McNamara. Mr. Lucas belonged 
to King Edward's Horse, and at that time 
officers had been reporting all ovr Dublin, 
and had been sent to different jobs. The 

£uard in the malthouse belonged to the Ro)a'l 
inblin Fusiliers, and, of cour e, Mr. Lucas 
■was unknown to the company quartermaster- 
arereeant or any of _ the guard. Captain 
Hothw»3i took with hi.n extra men, and when 
*jr left Mr. Lucas the guard numbered fifteen 
SJben. They were put out at different sentry 
»or-ts in the building, and thj orders which 
SPolonel Williams had given to Captain 
{McNamara were repeated to Mr. Lucas in the 
(Presence of the accused", and, in addition to 
Stat, Captain McNamara s.ud it wai inad- 
^i: able to open aey of tbo windows, but if ib 
tons necesrary to /Ire it would be better to fire 
ybrough the windows rather than open them 
j^d attract this attention of the rebels. He 



also told the accused that Mr. Lucas was re- 
lieving him. the official who acted as guide 
told the guard that there was no one in the 
building except three watchmen, who, wuen 
they went their rounds, carried lights. it 
seemed that lights were seen by several of 
the guard during the evening from the houses 
round, and from the direction of the adjacent 
distillery. It was feared that the rebels 
might make an attack on the brewery from 
two directions, so tri.ot lights would cause con- 
siderable suspicion, as they might be regarded 
as signals. At any rate, whatever it was, the 
guard got into a state of jumpiness, and the 
consequence was that when Lieutenant Lucas 
went round with Mr. Rice, one of the brewery 
officials, the sentries on several occasions got 
the idea that he was a stranger who had no 
business there. The conversations he had 
with them were misinterpreted, and they 
came to a conclusion which was utterly false, 
and, unfortunately, it was shared by the ac- 
cused. Lieutenant Lucas opened a window. 
The men knew that orders had been given 
that the windows were not to be opened. It 
looked very suspicious. The state of mind 
into which accused :'ad Tit at that time led 
him to arrest Lieutenant Lucas and Mr. Rice, 
who were subsequently shot. The officer, 
before H&iog ;hot s.*fced permission to say his 
>ra,jerrs, and, h°ving aone so, he said he was 
■*orry, but "the boys led him into it." Soon 
afterwards another officer was coming down 
the staircase. He was challenged and 
searched, and rushed at Use sergeant, "in-^k- 
ing aim down. The mift of tne guard fired, 
and the second officer, \ kutenant Worswick, 
was killed, and also a (( * lian who was with 
him, Mr. Dockeray, in employe of the 
brewery. 

CAPTAIN McNAMARA. 
Captain Charles McNamara, 5th R.D.F., ex- 
amined, said that on the 28th April last he 
was in Dublin : he had been ordered by 
Colore! Kennard to take fifteen men to Guin- 
ness's Brewery. He did so, and he put nine 
men with the accused to guard the malthouse 
in Robert street. His orders were to occupy 
the building, and not to answer any snipers 
by firing, unless actually attacked by 
the rebels ; not to open the windows, and 
to hold the place during the night. The rebels 
occupied some of the houses all round and in 
frotit. Fie was told that the only officials of 
the brewery that would be on the premises 
were th»ee watchmen, and that they would 
have lamps. That was knswn to the accused, 
who heard the instruction and the orders. 
He encountered no firing and saw no lights 
while he was there. At 11 o'clock Captain 
Rotheram came to him, bringing with him 
Lieut. Lucas and seven men. They were con- 
ducted by a guide. He handed over com- 
mand to Lieut. Lucas, and told him what his 
order' were. He told him that he was not to 
open the windows lest the Sinn Ferners might 
bear, hnd thereby might become aware that 
the brewery was occupied. He also told 
Lieut. Lucas that in view of the difficulty of 
getting; away in daylight he fitd better get 
out of the building about iawrt All the orderj 



117 



that were transmitted to Lieut. Lucas vere 
heard by Quartermaster-Sergeant Flood. It 
was a pitch-dark night, and it was possible 
that Flood may not have seen what Lucas's 
rank. wa«i. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Hanna, witness 
agreed that, from the military point of view, 
this was a difficult place to guard. It was 
a dark night and >' /ery uncanny place. 

In rep'y to the President, the witness said 
that he had not known Lieut. Lucas before he 
met him that night. He wore a great coat, 
and his rank could not have been distinguished 
in the dark by Sergeant Flood. 

FINDING THE DEAD MEN. 

Captain A. R. Rotheram, of the 10th Re- 
serve Cavalry, stated that he was on duty 
in the vicinity of Guinness's Brewery on the 
night of the 28th April. About 2 in the 
morning Lieutenant Worswick and Mr. 
Dockeray (of Guinness's Brewery) came 
to him in James's street. They said 
a telephone message had been received 
from the malthouse saying that Mr. Rice was 
a prisoner. He gave Lieut. Worswick instruc- 
tions to do nothing till daylight. He received 
no other communication till 3.30 in the morn- 
ing, when he was told that there was a ser- 
geant outside who wanted to see him. He 
went out and saw the accused and about 
fourteen men. They seemed veiy excited. 
The accused reported to him that he had 
shot two men, and that he thought the malt- 
house was full of rebels. 

The Prosecutor— Did you ask him where Mr. 
Lucas was? Yes, and he said he thought he 
had shot him. He left accused with his 
picket, and brought some of his men back to 
the malthouse, where he found the dead' bodies 
of Lieut. Worswick and Mr. Dockeray on the 
third storey. On the next floor below witness 
said he found the bodies of Lieut. Lucas and Mr. 
Rice, also dead. Witness put some men in 
charge of the bodies, and he reported the 
matter to Colonel Williams. 

Cro^s-examined by Mr. Hanna — Lieut. 
Worswick was in command of one of his 
(witness's) pickets in Watling street. He 
had no duty to do in the brewery. 

Captain McNam&ra, recalled, in answer to 
Mr. Hanna. said that he had bee*, 1 at the 
brewery on the day previous (Thursddy), and 
that he saw in one of the offices a box of 
German ammunition. They were dum-dum 
bullets. 

HOW THE FIRST OFFICER WAS SHOT. 

Private- Maurice McCarthy, of the 5th. 
R.D.F., said he was on duty on the night of 
April 28th under Sergeant Flood at the 
brewery. He was called upstairs by Flood, 
and there he saw a civilian and an officer. 
Be was ordered by Flood to search a civilian, 
and he did so, and found on him a bunch of 
keys. Sergeant Flood turned an electrio 

torch on the officer and said, "i know you." 
He took it from the look of the civilian and 
khe officer at each other that they knew each 
, ather. The sergeant placed the two men 



together at -ome distance from the window v 
and he (witness) was ordered to cover them 
with his rifle. He kept them so covered for 
an hour. There were lights flashing oatshla 
the building, and one of the soldiers said he 
saw men's forms moving in the darkness on 
the road outside. Flood sent Private Short 
to go out and report as to the lights. Short 
returned saying that he could not get out. 

The Prosecutor — While you kept the officer 
and the civilian covered what did the accused 
do? He ordered the officer to take off his 
coat and not to disgrace it. 

Did you see any badge on the coat? There 
was a badge of some kind. 

Did Flood say anything about firing? He 
said he would have to fire, as things were 
looking as if an attack was going to be made. 

What happened then? The officer said he 
was a poor farmer's son and that he waa 
sorry that he had been led into it by others. 

PRAYERS. 

Did he say anything else? He asked to be 
allowed to say his prayers._ The sergeant gave 
him permission to say his prayers, and h® 
knelt down. He was crying when he got up. 
The sergeant had his torch in his hand, and 
it was shining on the officer all the time. 

Did Flood give any orders? He gave the 
order to present and fire, and we obeyed the- 
order. 

How many of you did thai? Five. 

What was the result? We fired, and the 
officer fell down, and the civilian was stand- 
ing. W 7 e got the second order to fire at tha 
civilian, Mr. Rice, and he fell. 

Did you examine him? He did not appear 
to be quite dead, and the sergeant (the ac- 
cused) gave me the order to shoot at hira 
again, which 1 did. 

Did you examine the bodies? No; ap- 
parently to me they were both dead. 

What happened then? 1 was moved down- 
stairs to another floor, and I was nearly half 
an hour there at the window. We heard foot- 
steps in the room, as from behind. The ac- 
cused was with us there. 

Did he dn anything? He turned round and 
shone his torch towards where the footsteps 
were heard. I saw bv the light of the torch 
a civilian and an officer. I could not say 
what the officer's rank was. _ This would h-e 
about 1 o'clock in the morning. 1 had not 
seen the civilian before. 

THE SECOND SHOOTING. 

What happened then? Sergeant Flood said 
to the officer — "Who are you?" The officer 
replied, " I refuse to say who 1 am." He 
refused to give any account of. himself. By 
crder of Sergeant Flood 1 searched him, and 
then covered him with my rifle. Other men 
covered th3 civilian. 

Did the officer say anything? He said — "I 
don't know who you are. You may be ;Sinn 
Feiners for all I know.'' Then, he made a 
plunge at the sergeant and knocked him down. 

What happened then? The sergeant said, 
" Men, fire." We did, and both fell. 



113 



This was on the floor bt!<9W that on which 
you had shot the othe* two men? Yes. The 
dawn was breaking, and the sergeant said : 
'' We had better get out and report the 
matter." I tried to get out, but could not, 
as the doors were locked. I found that one 
of the keys on the bunch found on the civilian 
unlocked' the door. Against one of the doors 
was a metal drum, and S«rgeant Flood said 
it looked' as if it contained an explosive.^ 

In reply to further questions, the witness 
said that some officer in the brewery, address- 
ing Private Short, asked' him if he was Irish. 
On being told that he was the man said : 
"Then fire high; sure you won't shoot your 
own countrymen." Then the officer stopped, 
and said : " I am sorry I have been led into 
it by others." 

HAD NO DOUBT HE WAS AN OFFICER. 

Lance-Corporal William Thompson, fth 
Royal Dublin Fusiliers, corroborated the evi- 
dence of the previous witness in all particulars, 
except that he said the officer, when he was 
crying, said' he was crying not for himself, but 
for his wife. He had no doubt that the gentle- 
man was an officer, judging from his uniform. 
When both the civilian and the officer 
dropped dead, the soldiers left their bodies 
where they fell. There was only half an hour 
between the two shootings. 

Private Michael O'Reilly, 5th R.D.F., in his 
evidence, generally coi -oborated the fore- 
going. 

CONTRARY OTDERS. 

Private Murphy said t at he was with 
the party in the malthous.-. when a strange 
officer came to relieve Ca itain McNamara. 
When this strange oli cer (Lieutenant 
Lucas) took charge he gave orders contrary 
to those that Captain McNamara had given. 
He told them not to fire upon anyone without 
orders from him. 

Were these two persons, in your opinion, 
rebels? We understood they were. 

Why did you understand that? Because 
when the officer came he turned all the pre- 
vious orders upside down. 

Did you fire on him? I was covering him, 
and so when I got orders I fired at him. 

Captain McNamara, again recalled, paid 
that when he was leaving Lieutenant Lucas in 
charge he told Flood his name. He had 
selected Flood for that duty because he con- 
sidered him a reliable man. 

GUARDING THE BRIDGE. 

Privates Wm. Hunter and Wm. Fox also 
corroborated. The latter said that while they 
were at the brewery a civilian came to him 
and said to him that he ought to be very 
careful, because the building was a nest of 
Sinn Feinera. When the strange officer took 
charge he placed him (Fox) and two other 
men to guard the bridge that crosses Lie 
canal near the brewery. While they wero 
there Rice made a dash to get over the bridge, 
as if trying to escape. Witness stopped him. 

Private Patrick Short said that a man in 
the brewery spoke to him about four o'clock 



on the 28th April, and said that as Irishmen 
they should fire high. He told him, in reply, 
that they would not. That night in the malt- 
bouse Mr. Rice asked him and the men with 
him if they were Irish. Sergeant Flood re- 
plied that they were, but that they were not 
Sinn Feiners. He was suspicious that the 
presence of the two men was a trap. 

LIEUTENANT LUCAS'S CAREER. 

Captain R. E. Campbell, 2nd King Edward's 
Horse, was called, but did not appear. A 
signed statement of his was read. It gave rn 
account of Lieutenant Lucas's career. Mr. 
Lucas, it stated, joined the reserve squadron, 
after having been in the Officers' Training 
Corps, in April, 1915, and was attached to the 
British Expeditionary Force. He was sig- 
nalling officer to the regiment. He war 
wounded in France, and was invalided home. 
He joined the reserve in December last, and 
since then Captain Campbell knew Lieutenant 
Lucas and his wife very well. He was edu- 
cated at a public school, and went to the 
University. He then went out to Canada as 
schoolmaster. He left that, and went to 
Montreal Stock Exchange, and made a lot of 
money there. He married a Canadian lady, 
and they lived in Montreal. Regarding Lieu- 
tenant Worswick, he joined at the Curragh in 
October, 1915, and he was a steady, hard- 
working man. He had travelled a good deal, 
and had some property in Canada. Both 
officers bore an excellent character. 

This concluded the case for the prosecution, 
and the Court adjourned. 

At the hearing of the case on Tuesday, 13th 
June, 

Lieut. Evelyn Toler, of the Inniskilling Fusi- 
liers, said he had met Lieut. Lucas at dinner 
on the evening of tne 28th April. Re was 
dressed in the uniform of his regiment, and 
his shirt was the ordinary flannel. He wore 
the uniform collar and tie. He had been in 
mufti before that. 

EVIDENCE OF THE ACCUSED. 

Serge&nt Robert Flood, the accused, was 
swoin, and was examined by Mr. Flanna. He 
said he joined his battalion in January, 1899, 
in London, when he was fourteen years and 
nine months old. lie had served in South 
Africa, Malta, Khartoum, and India. He ar- 
rived in Dublin from the Curragh on the day 
following the outbreak of the rebellion in Dub- 
lin. He was taken to the Castle, and subse- 
quently had charge of the arrangements for 
the defence of St. Catherine's Church, James's 
street. He received orders from Capt. 
McNamara on Thursday to go to Guinness's 
Brewery with fifteen men, and the Captain 
told them that they were to take no notice 
of snipers, unless an attempt was made by 
the rebels to enter. When he first got into 
the brewery, in the clerks' room he observed a! 
box of foreign ammunition on a table, and a 
civilian standing against the table. He asked 
the civilian what he was doing with the am- 
munition, and he made no reply. Witness 
took the box and gave it to Capt. McNamara,, 



119 



All the men under him, he believed, saw the 
box. Nothing happened on Thursday night 
except that one shot hit the wall of the house 
the men were posted in. On Friday the party 
were led up into the malthouse. He remem- 
bered Capt. MeNamara and a civilian coming 
to him. The civilian was pointing out to Capt. 
MeNamara the different places, and he pointed 
out to him a small footbridge on the left, 
over the canal, and he said that they expected 
an attack on the brewery at that particular 
Boot, and that it ought to be well watched. 
The civilian and Capt. MeNamara went up- 
stairs to the second floor of the malthouse, 
and witness and his men were shown the posi- 
tions thev were to occupy. Thev went up to 
the thud floor, and the Captain left it to him 
to choose which floor he thought best for ob- 
servation. He chose the third. He did not 
know the name of the civilian who went round 
the place with Captain MeNamara. He was 
not the man be subsequently heard called Mr. 
Rice. They went back then to the clerks' 
room, and he was ordered to fall in eight men, 
and thev marched across to the malthouse ac- 
comnanied bv Captain MeNamara and a 
gentleman who he took to be a guide, was like 
a clerk. 

THE INSTRUCTIONS. 

The witness, continuing, said he posted his 
men in pairs at the windows on the third floor 
of the malthouse. The guide had already said 
that there would be three night watchmen on 
the premises, and that they usually carried 
lamps. Capt. MeNamara said that no other 
people were to be allowed into the building 
but the night watchmen. Capt. MeNamara 
gave him instructions that the windows were 
not to be opened, and that the men should 
not expose themselves, but to fire from cover 
of the side walls at the windows. They were 
also not to reply to snipers or let it be known 
that there was a party of soldiers in the 
brewerv, but if an attempt were made to 
ru=h the brewery they were to fire. He said 
ihat \ ( (he Sinn T cinors were seen crossing 
the road to get into the brewery he (witness) 
was to open fire by pushing the rifles through 
the glass. Capt- MeNamara later said that 
seven men would be brought up by another 
officer. Witness said' he acted under his 
cdei" 3 . and Cant. MeNamara left, along with 
the civilian, about 8 o'clock. About 11 he 
heard footsteps coming up, and he ascertained 
that it was Captain MeNamara and the re- 
mainder of the party of fifteen men. He haVl 
pn office)' and a oni'de with pitn. Caotain 
MeNamara said — " This is the officer who is 
to relieve me for the night." He did not re- 
member if the officer's name was mentioned. 
At that time it was pitch dark. 

Were you able to see whether or not the 
man referred to was an officer? 1 took it when 
Capt. MeNamara said he was an officer that 
lie was an officer, and afterwards 1 saw that 
lie was in the uniform of an officer. 

WV<ti Captain MeNamara left had you any 
Suspicion of this officer? None whatever. 

Thu witness here related how he posted his 



men, some at the footbridge, and others at 
the windows on the third floor. The officer 
then in charge gave them instructions that 
they were not to fire until some person was 
«eeii coming towards the bridge. This officer 
moved out towtris the centr© of the bridge, 
where he might ha\e been seen by the rebels. 
It struck witness at the time that that was a 
strange thing for the officer to do, after the 
instructions he had received from Captain 
McNanara. Witness and the officer returned 
to the third floor, and witness took up his 
position at the window. The officer seemed 
to be familiar wiih the catch on the window, 
and went as if to op#n it. Witness said to him 
that his instructions from Captain MeNamara 
were not to open the windows. 

What did he say in answer to that? As far 
as I remember he opened the window, and 
said — " I am in charge here, and you are to 
do as I tell you." 

TAKEN FOR A SINN FEINER. 

Did you notice anything about his manner 
that struck yon as rather unusual in an 
officer? Yes. When he opened the window he 
said that he had been in America, and that 
he had twice been taken for a Sinn Frinrr. 
Then he moved away to the other end of the 
room, and soon afterwards witness heard a 
conversation giving on, and a noise as Ir a 
window was being opened. 

And this was co'.itrarv to the ovders you h;.d 
got? Exactly th«3 opposite. _ Soon afterwards 
I heard footsteps on the staii>s, and I shouted 
"Halt" twice, and srot no reply. I went over 
to see who it was. T turned my torch on him, 
and I saw a tall civilian whom I had never 
seen before. 

What did you do next? T. called the officer. 
I could not see hi\n, and said—" Thee is a 
civilian here He "'on't r«.»p!y. ni.d 1 don't 
know who he is." The of /leer theu rame over 
and stood c'ose to the civilian. I had my 
ton?h still shining on the ewilkn. When the 
officer came the right of the toich fe.ll on his 
face, and I rewsgmsed him. 

Was that the first timo you had seen his face 
from the time Captain McNanara had 
bi ought him? Yes. 

Did you believe you had seen hin before? 
T was sure I did. 

Where? On the previous day we were taken 
to C.uinness's kpchoon room about 7 o'clock, 
and I recognise this officer as the civilian 
who had taken ns to the luncheon room. 

Was he in civilian clothes ;«t that time? Yes. 

Was that the enly time at which yon had 
seen him in civilian clothes? On the Wednes- 
dav before I thought 1 had seen him at St. 
Catherine's Church. 

When vou sfc->ne the torch on the (wo of 
then din v'cs c?e any look pass between 
them? 1 did. 1 saw a look of recognition 
pass I'ftween the officer and the civilian, and 
a sort of smile. 

Did vou then mention to the officer that 



120 



your instructions were that only the night 
watchman was to be allowed into the building? 
I did. 

What did he say to that? He made no re- 
mark. I said " Civilians h^ve no right here. 
You will have to place him under arrest, &3 he 
will not give any account of himself." 

Did the civilian say anything? I don't re- 
member that he made any reply. 

LIGHTS OUTSIDE. 

Did the officer say anything to the civilian ? 
He made a remark which I did not catch, 
and then the two of them moved over towards 
mv position at the window, and he ordered the 
civilian to sit down close just behind him. 
About that time one of my men shouted that 
there were lights outside, right, left and front, 
&nd I myself saw lights like signals, but not 
military signals. 1 thought it peculiar that 
the officer who was close to me did not take 
any notice of the lights. 1 turned round to call 
his attention to them, and then I saw him 
bending down as if in conversation with the 
civilian, who had been placed under arrest. 

What did you do? Then my suspicion was 
aroused. 1 was sure there was treachery, 

What did you do? I covered the officer, 
and said — "There is treachery Lore, I'll have 
to place you under artest," thinking ul tha 
time that he was not an officer. My opinion 
was that he was a civilian and not an officer. 

Tell us the facts that operated upon your 
mind creating the belief that there was 
treachery going on? The first thing was the 
finding of the box of foreign ammunition in 
1'he clerks' room the previous evening; the 
second was that a civiliaL should be i. the 
place against the orders given, and the third 
Was that the officer ieooi_ r nised the civilian, 
and that I saw him bending down and in con- 
versation with him, and also that the officer 
took no notice of the fights, and that he had 
reversed the orcieis given by Capt. McNam&ra. 

When you put him under arrest you were 
not aware <.i wn>'t be said to Privates Murphy 
or O'Reilly as to (heir being Irishmen? 1 w as 
not. t cn!y heard of it in their statements. 

From the moment you put him under arrest 
did he protest or remonstrate with you in any 
wav? lie collapsed; he made no. reply of any 
kind. 

The witness then told how ',.2 ordcted the 
two men to '•ve searched, and how Private 
McCarthy took his revolver, money, and sr.me 
tapers from (be officer, and a bunch of keys 
i.om the civilian. He ordered the officer to 
take oft his " British warm" (ur overcoat), 
and in the search he not bed that be wore a 
kind of shirt that he believed officers din not 
wear. That added lo his suspicions 
Having searched the men lie sc:t Private 
Short to 'be telephone to communicate wtth 
Car lain McNamara, « ho hid a.'ked him to 
Jo so if Anything happened during the nitrhfc. 
He to'd Fh_f>rt to tell fapta : n McNamara that 
they h&d an officer, cr rather a civilian iq 



officer's clothing, and another civilian under 
arrest. 

Had Rice at that time told von his name? 
He asked me to inquire by telephone about 
his identity, and said he was Mr Rice. ! hort 
came b:.ck and said he could not find Captain 
McNamara, that he was not in the luncheon 
room, but that the person who answered had 
a shrewd suspicion where he was. 

When vou could not get into touch w'th 
Captain McNamara what did you determine 
to do? T act.Tfnir _d to get them out of the 
brewery tor el nxr, c.d hand them over. I 
knew Cere we.-- i-jr^et ' n James's street. 
In t\e attempt to gel cut of the building the 
cml : an darted on r.r, if to make his escape 
bv the footbridge, mid witness covered l.im 
with his rifle. He was determined that the 
man should not get awav. and pdded t.hp wit- 
ness : " Tt was only restraint that I d ; d not 
fire." He said to the civilian : " You intend 
i i cr-.v." 1 if von can. W T e will go back nn 
fio &*.epr i.Ed I will keep vou there till 
^jL\vn." They go: back into the room. 

ATTEMPT TO REPORT TO THE CASTLE. 

What d : d vou do th»n? I ordered two men 
to cover them, and I detailed two men to 
try and find a way to gat out of the buildine, 
and report the whole occurrence at the Castle. 
Private Short returned and .-^id be could not 
get out. as all the doors were locked. I saw 
lights flashing from different directions, and I 
thought there were lights on the flfi«r below 
that on wh'ch we were. Private Rvrne re- 
'ported to me that he saw a man at *^*> stabla 
door opposite, and getting ready as if to rush 
into the place. 

You had the officer end the civilian still 
covered? Yes. I said to them that I was 
sure that from the time I came into the place 
there was treachery, and that thev wpre not 
gong to come into the brewery and endanger 
the lives of my men. 

Did you believe at that time that an at- 
tempt was about to be made by the Sinn 
Feiners to enter the brewery? i was sure 
ihey w^re on the point of rushing the place. 

And, of course, having these two men tinder 
cover of five of yonr men, weakened your 
force considerably? It did, by one third. 

Did vou inform the two men that you were 
going to fire on them? Yes, I remember I 
said, " I a r " sorry that there is treachery 
gpiiit; »n. Mv men's lives jre at stake, and 
I will have to give an order to fire." I 
thought then, and I do still, that had I not 
dune so the brewery would have been taken. 

When you sa*d yen were going to fire did 
they :-;:y anything: The officer said, " Don't 
fire sergeant ; 1 am nnlv a poor farmer's son.'' 
There was something else said which I cannot 
remember. 

ASKED LEAVE TO SAY HIS PRAYERS. 

Did lie s-)v anything about Ix-ing allowed 
to say his prayers. 1 was on the pomt of giy- 



121 



ing the order. I had sa'd "ready." He 
knew then I was determined, and he asked if 
he eon Id say a few prayers. I said he could. 

Did the civilian say anything? Nothing. 

After the officer had prayed and stood up 
again, yon gave the order? I did. Wheu 
he prayed he got up and stood at the window, 
and he was crying. I asked him why he 
was crying, and he sa"d he was thinking of his 
wife and child. 

The men subsequently fired at your orders? 
I gave the order to fire. 

And a second volley was fired at Mr. Rice? 
I remember giving the order to fire. The two 
men were stand ng close together. I thought 
the men nearest to Mr. Rice would cover him. 
When I gave the order to fire the officer fell, 
and the civilian was still standing ; but when 
the order to fire was given f thought the 
full number of shots had not gone off, and 
that was why the civilian was still standing. 
I gave a second order to fire, and the civilian 
feii, 

Wh'le these men were covered by the rifles 
did any man call your attention to the civilian 
moving? Yes. Private Murphy said ; "You 
will have to fire ; that civilian will get away." 
I saw the civilian moving as if to make a 
rush at me. 

THE SECOND SHOOTING. 

The accused next referred to the incidents 
on the second floor. Thev went down 
to the second floor, and were there 
in positions similar to those which 
the guard occuoied above. They were there 
about twenty minutes when he heard foot- 
steps, and he shouted " Halt " twice, and got 
no reply. He turned his torch, and saw an 
officer and a civilian standing in the room. 
He said to them that his orders were not to 
allow any civilian into the building but a night 
watchman. He asked them what they were 
doing. They made no reply. He called two 
of his men to cover and search them. 

Did the officer submit to being searched? I 
jremember he handed his property over him- 
eelf. He had six Treasury notes and some 
eilver. He had no arms, and he had not even 
an officer's belt on. The civilian had keys on 
him. The only remark I heard from them was 
"Sinn Fritters," and I got a staggering blow, 
and was felled to the ground. 

What happened then? The men fired. 

You had given no order to fire on this oc- 
casion? None whatever. 

When you got up you had an opportunity cf 
seeing what had happened, and you found 
that the officer and the civilian had been shot? 
1 did. 

At the time yon ordered the first two to be 
shot did you honestly believe it tjss necessary 
for the salety of yourself and 7*.ur men? 1 
did. 

Did you think it necessary for the purpose 
of carrying out your military duty? I did. 

'Ibis closed the evidence. 



THE VERDICT. 

The President shortly afterwards announced 
that the accused had been found not guilty 
Ihe result was received' with applause in 
court, and the accused was released. 

Mr. Sydney Matthews (Messrs. Hoey and 
Denning), for Mrs. Rice, said that an im- 
pression would be conveyed from the reports 
m the papers that Mr. Rice and Air. 
Dockeray were in some way connected' with 
the Sinn Fein movement, 'in fairness to the 
relatives of both the deceased, it was thought 
necessary to refute anv such suggestion. To 
those who knew them it was unnecessary >o 
say that they had no sympathy with the 
oinn 1< ein movement. 

Mr. C. J. Law (Messrs. Malcomson and 
H" ) " lade a similar statement on behalf of 
ivirs. Dockeray. 

Mr. Alan McMullen, from the brewery, said 
that Mr. Dockeray had been twenty-four 
years, ano' Mr. Rice sixteen years, in the slrvice 
of Messrs. Guinness They were both night 
clerks, ari(} the management had the highest 
opinion of them. They had' been speciallv 
selected for duty in the brewery during the 
lebelnon .y having been most trustworthy in 
every way. J 

'•ibis concluded the proceedings. 



LIEUTENANT LUCAS'S POSITION. 

tr£r ing U l\ ^ earins of a subsequent 
trial on Saturday, th e 17th June 
the President said he had received soma 
messages with regard to the case of Lieut 

Brewery lhe impression which his friend- 
seemed to have received from the reports of 
the evidence was that he was in some way Z 

ment C0n : iec ] ted h with th * Shtn Fein move- 
ment which he was not. He w i,hei 

of tt '^ and ifc u Was the Pi™°n 
ot the other members of the Court as 
well as his own, that there was no evidence 
produced to the courtmar.ial to give rise to 
such a suggestion Ther> was nothing what- 
ever against the personal character of the late 
Lieutenant Lucas. 



MESSRS RICE AND DOCKERAY. 

The following statement was published on 
loth June : — 

Messrs. Arthur Guinness, Son, and Co 
Limited, are authorised by Lord Cheylesmore 
to state that there was nothing in the evidence 
at the recent courtmartial to justify any sug- 
gestion that either Mr. Doekeray or Mr. Rice 
was in any way connected with, or in sym- 
pathy with, the Sinn F^ lCjbellion. He re- 
grets that at;y such ide«, -^ould have arisen. 
(Signed) H. W. Rknny Tailyour, 

Managing Direct*"* 

16th June, 1916. 



122 



NAVAL ARTIFICER SHOT AT 
AMIENS STREET 

v 

SOLDIER CHARGED WITH MURDER. 

\ Genera" Courtmartia 1 assembled at 
Richmond Barracks, o„ Wednesday, 14th 
June, for the trial of Henry Joseph 
Wvatt, a private b the 6th Royal 
Irish Lancers, attachea to the 6th Reserve 
Ke-'iment of Cavalry, on a charge of having 
mm-dered Robert Glaister, an engine-room 
artificer, in Dublin, on the 28th April. He was 
al«o charged with having attempted to murder 
Wm. Francis Gray, hotel proprietor at the 
same time and place, and in a second count 
with having caused him grievous bodily harm. 
'I he accused pleaded not guilty, and was de- 
fended by Second Lieut. J. P. Coghlan, 
Bamster-at-Law. 

Major E. G. Kimber, D.S.O., conducted the 
case for the prosecution .- 

Major General Lord Lheylesmore, K.C. V.U., 
presided over a Court of twelve officers 

Lieut. Noras Goddard, R.N.R., attended on 
behatf of the Naval authorities. 

Wm. Francis Gray, proprietor of the Nor- 
thern Hotel, Amiens street, stated that about 
6.30 p.m. on Friday, April 28th, he was seated 
along with some guests at his hotel on a seat 
outside the door. The accused was on sentry 
in the immediate vicinity. Mr. Glaister pro- 
posed to him (witness) that they should stroll 
down the street, everything being at the time 
Tery quiet. They had not proceeded many 
paces when the accused challenged them to 
Lit, which thev did. He put his rifle against 
Otaister's chest and fired. Witness thought 
the man was joking, and Glaister pushed tne 
weapon aside, with the result that the charge 
went through Glaister's arm. He fell on his 
knee, but soon recovered himself, and witness 
and the wounded man walked back to tiy< 
hotel. They were going up the steps when the 
sentry fired again, but did not hit either of 
them! Thev were closing the door when the 
arroRed asain nnt his rifle up to Glaister's 
rhe-t and shot him dead. He also pointed the 
weapon at him (witness), and probably wotrtc 
have shot him too, were it not that a waitress 
turned the weapon off. The accused entered 
the hotel, and ordered everyone in the house 
to eo upstairs. Mrs. Gray took her children, 
and as she was proceeding up the stairs the 
ni'u^ed hied at her. When he had done this 
the accused said— " These officers are great 
lellows; but 1 can show you what a private 
ran do! I would do tbe same to General 
friend." The accused was excited, ami ap- 
ijearPQ to have '..ad some drink. The accused 
jired five shot., altnizethe'-— two in the street, 
one that kil!.-d Glaister, .x?e »* witness and 
one at Mrs Gray 

Private Smith, 12th Lancers, stated t'.a 1 he 
»as on rtutv plout sixty yards from the . or- 
tliern lb-lei. < „■ .;.v *V> accused fire 2 shot 
at a naval ofriv*, who riz si.-nuSne on the 
#tep? of the hotel door. 3e nsk^d *,he accused 
What the matter was, ind he implied that he 
bad ( halleng.-d the man. and that he had re- 
fused to a:^wix; t'^at he {accused) had brat 



fired over the man's head, and then fired at 
him. He went into the hotel and saw the 
naval officer lying on the floor. 

In reply to Lieut. Coghlan, the witness said 
the orders he had received when going on 
duty was that all doors and windows were to 
be kept closed, and that nobody was to be 
allowed on tli 3 streets except those who had 
passes from the Casth?. He entered the hotel 
with the accused, but he saw nobody in the 
hotel but the naval officer. The accused did 
not fire in the hotel. 

The President — In your previous statement, 
which yoi signed, you said you saw the ac- 
cused fire one round at a woman on the way 
upstairs in the hotel? No, sir, I did not say 
that. 1 was told thn 4 , he fired at a woman. 

EXCITED BUT SOBEft. 

The President — Your previous statement 
is : — " The accused appeared very excited, 
but he did not appear to be drunk. He tired 
one round at a woman running upstairs. She 
had twe, children with her at the time." Now 
you say that is all incorrect? Yes, sir. 

Lance-Corporal Smedley said he was one of 
the picket in Amiens street The accused was in 
a very excited condition, but quite sober, lie 
said that the naval officer defied him. He did 
not say that in his original statement, because 
he was confused. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Lyncl whose residence is 
next to the hotel, said she saw an altercation 
going on between the sentry and the naval 
officer, and she sa-w the sentry fire at the 
man. 

What happened then? The sentry stood 
behind the naval officer and struck him on the 
wrist, and said " Gne, two, three," and a 
second shot was tired. 

Did the accused fire into the hotel? Yes. 

Captain Clarke, R.A.M.C, said he had seen 
the naval officer, and heard him challenged by 
the sentry. Almost immediately he heard a 
shot, and again a second shot. When witness 
looked back he saw the sentry on the steps 
of the hotel. 

Was the man defying the sentry? Y T es. He 
was disobeying orders, 1 saw no one else in 
the street. 

In reply to the President, the witness 'rid 
he had come out of the railway station ; he 
made no inquiry as to what happened, and 
walked on not knowing whether the man had 
been shot or not. 

Captain Gafhkin, R.A.M.C, stated that he 
saw the dead body of Glaister at the hotel. 
Death was caused by a gun shot wound, ^he 
accused was at the hotel. 

What condition was he in? He was very 
excited, and apparently labouring under emo- 
tion. He was sober. He did not think the 
shot was fired at close range as there was 00 
mark on deceased's clothes. 1 here had been 
three or four cases in the same area where 
the men had been drunk. 

Capt. K Biyee Wilson. 5th Royal Irish Rifles, 
who was in command at Amiens street Station, 
s.iid the accused was in his detachment. The 
accused was brought before him by l-ance- 
Corpoial Smfedley, who charged him with Lav- 



123 



ing shot a naval man. Witness placed tho 
man under arrest and' had h;'n, brought be- 
fore the senior officer. 

The President — Were any orders given with 
regard to shooting? Yes. 1 am very parti- 
cular about that. I sent word that there was 
to be no shooting, except at snipers in the day 
time, unless in very grave circumstances ; and 
especially that there should be no shooting 
against unarmed citizens. The accused stated 
that he took the deceased for a postman. 

ACCUSED'S VERSION. 

The accused was examined on oath. He 
stated that it was about 6.30 p.m. when he- 
was standing about fifteen yards from tho 
Northern Hotel. He saw seven or eight per- 
sons come out of the hotel, some ladies being 
among them, tie ordered them to get back, 
and all obeyed the order except the man in 
blue, whom he took, at the time to be a rail- 
way official. He told the man several times 
to " get back," and he refused, saying that 
he was a naval man. Witness told him that 

he had his orders. "Damn your b orders, 

vou don't stop me," replied the naval officer. 
Witness again challenged him and told him 
to " get back," and he still refused. He edge \ 
tack a pace or two, but still defied witness. 
Witness fired over him, and the man wert 
back slowly to the steps of the hotel. " He 
then called me a clog," said witness, and 
added, " You don't frighten me. Fire away." 
And he also said', "If that is all you can do 
try another shot." I then fired again, on the 
doorstep, continued witness, and I saw him 
disappear into the hall. He denied making 
the statement with regard to General Friend 
that Mr. Gray said he made. In reply to 
qnestions, the witness said that he got a cup 
of tea from a house i 1 Talbot street about four 
o'clock that day, and that f.me time after 
having taken it he felt a " little strange." 
Shots were fired by snipers on the roofs dur- 
ing the day. 

i'he President — What were your orders 
about shooting? To let nobody past the post. 

And about shooting? If people refused to 
obey orders? If they refused to obey orders, 
to fire on them. 

CONTRADICTORY STATEMENTS. 

That is a distinct contradiction of whit 
your officer and other witnesses have said. 
You admit firing three shots indiscriminately 
without aiming at anybody? Y'es. 1 fired to 
frighten him. Did you consider it your duty 
to fire after having received the orders you 
had received? Yes; to fire if they refused to 
obey orders. 

Who ftave you tho=e orders about firing? 
Lance-Corporal Smedley. 

You never fired in the hotel? No. 

After you fired the third shot did you hear 
any other shot fired? I cannot say that I did'. 

Private Mines, who was on drily in Talho* 
street at the time of this ©ccuf-ajv-*, stal#$ 
that he saw nobody sitting outside the hotel. 

In answer to Maior Kiiiber, the witness 
paid that he was with the accused all that 
day. 'Ihe accused did not fire upon any 



sniper that day. Witness himself fired three 
times pt snipers, but the accused difi not tire 
at all. 

Private McLeesh said the accused told him 
that he had challenged the naval man, and 
that he fired' one or two shots, but that the 
2*tal shot was fired afterwards. 

Major Kimber— Are you sure he said that 
he fired at the naval officer? He simpiy 
stated that he fired at the naval officer. 

Two other private soldiers and two con- 
stables having been examined, the evidence for 
the defence closed. 

SENTENCE OF FIVE YEARS' FENAL, 
SERVITUDE. 

On Thursday, 22nd June, the result of the 
trial was announced in an official report 
issued from the Military Headquarters, a s fol- 
lows : — 

Private Henry Joseph Wyatt, 5th Royal 
Irish Lancers, was tried on the 13th and 14th 
instant. He was found' guilty of the man- 
slaughter of Robert Glaister, an engine room 
ss-rtificer, Royal Navy, and sentenced to penal 
servitude for five years, which was confirmed 
by the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief. 



ATTEMPTED GUN-RUNNING IN 
IN CO. KERRY. 



THE LANDING OF CASEMENT. 

A General Courtmartial at Rich.nrnd Bar- 
racks on Friday, 16th June, began the trial 
of Austin Stack, solicitor's clerk, residing at 
Tralee, and Cornelius Collins, clerk in "the 
General Post Office, Dublin, residing at 500 
North Circular road, Dublin. The charges 
against the accused were— (1) That, in or 
about the month of April, 1915, they con- 
spired and agreed with cr'. tain other disloyal 
and disaffected 1 persons to bring about a 
and disaffected persons to bring about a 
rebellion in Ireland, and /o spread disaffection 
such act being of such a nature as to be cal- 
culated to be prejudicial to the public safety 
and the defence of the realm, and being com- 
mitted with the intention and for the purpose 
of assisting the enemy. (2) That, in or about 
the month of April, knowing, or having 
reasonable grounds for supposing, that certain 
persons, by name Monteith and Bailey, were 
then engaged, contrary to the regulations for 
the defence of the realm, in the importatios 
of arms and ammunition into Ireland, "ithoni 
previous permit of the competent military or 
naval authority — which said arms and am- 
munition, as they (the accused) then well 
knew, or had reasonable grounds for suppos- 
ing, were intended to be used in aid and In 
furtherance of the rebellion in Ireland — ttwv 
did harbour the said persons, Monteith end 
Bailey, srch act being calculated to be pre- 
judicial to the public safety and the defence 
of the realm, and being commuted with the 
intention and for the purpose of assisting 
the enemy. 

Major-General Lord Cheylesmore, K.C.V.Q. 



134 



presided, and Mr. Kenneth Marshall wa^ 
Judge Advocate. 

Major E. G. Kimbei-, D.S.O., conducted the 
prosecution. 

Mr. E J. McElligott, K.C., and Mr. Arthur 
Clery (instructed by Mr. John O'Connell, 
LL.D., Tralee) appeared for the accused. 
CASE FOR THE PROSECUTION. 

Major Kimber stated the case for the pro- 
secution. Stack, he said, was a well known 
commander of the Irish Volunteers, and 
Collins was a clerk in the employment of 
His Majesty i-n +he Dublin Post Office. Ihs 
events which brought about the charge 
occurred immediately before the rebellion. 
They were charged with doing acts that were 
calculated to assist the enemy. They were 
in touch with people who came to this 
country, accompanied by German officers and 
German bmejackets, who were taken pri- 
toners at Cork and interned. Counsel de- 
scribed the movements and sinking of the 
arms ship, and the landing and capture 
of Casement, and, continuing, said 
the next part of the story was picked up 
at Tralee, where early that morning two 
strangers entered a newspaper shop and 
asked to be directed to the local commandei 
of the Irish Volunteers. One of them gavi. 
the name of Murray, but it afterwards turned 
out that his real name was Monteith. The 
other gave the name of Mulcahy, and he 
turned out to be Bailey, who was afterwards 
charged in London. Messages were sent out, 
and the result was that the two accused men 
arrived at the shop. Stack, Collins, 
and Monteith shut themselves up in the 
parlour, and Bailey remained in the kitchen, 
where all four had been first. The first man 
to leave was Stack, who went to engage a 
motor car. Then Bailey and Collins left, and 
Monteith remained in the house and had re- 
freshments. Meanwhile, the Irish Volunteers 
had assembled, and he was taken to the hall 
of the Hibernians. At 11 o'clock that morn- 
ing Stack, Bailev, and Collins set out in a 
motor car for Bailyheigue. 

HUE AND CRY RAISED. 

Returning to the events on the shore, the 
Prosecutor said that when the boat was found 
a hue and cry was raised. The police were 
sent out, and a sergeant and a constable 
found Casement in an old fort between Curra- 
hane and Ardfert. He had with him some 
sandwiches made of German sausage and 
Dlack bread. Prosecutors theory was that 
Stack and Collins had set out to search foi 
Casement, and twisted and turned through 
the country, but they were met by the police 
everywhere and searched. They were driven 
to return to Tralee without finding Casement. 
At six o'clock that evening Head Constable 
Kearney arrested Collins in a pubUc-nouse in 
Tralee. Q&Mdb said that lie had come to 
Tralee tni nig'-* before on a holiday, and 
that he haf been out for a motor drive with 
Stack and Mulcahy. who, he said, Jived in 
Mountjoy street, Dublin. Collins, when 
searched, had a Browning revolver, 55 rounds 
of ammunition, £db, arid an English G«rman 



dictionary in his possession. Stack came to 
the police station to see Collins, and he was 
there and then arrested. A number of docu- 
ments were found at Stack's lodgings in 
Tralee. Among them was a letter from 
Liberty Hall, sirred James Connolly, in which 
it was stated — ti is not our purpose to dis- 
rupt, but rather to enforce and strengthen 
the true National movement, and in a town 
the size of Tralee there is no necessity for any 
other military body than the Volunteer Corps 
which has stood out so splendidly by the true 
Irish ideal — the corps that yea command." 
Attached to that letter was a piece of printed 
matter in these words— " The humanising of 
war — you might as well talk of humanising 
hell! When a silly ass at The Hague got up 
and talked about the amenities of civilised 
warfare, and putting your prisoners' feet in 
hot water, and giving them gruel, my reply, 
I regret to say, was considered totally unfit 
for publication. As if war could be civilised ! 
If I am in command when war breaks out, I 
shall issue as my orders : — The essence of war 
is violence ; moderation in war is imbecility ; 
hit first, hit hard, and hit everywhere. . . 
If you rub it in both at home and abroad that 
you are ready for instant war with every unit 
of your strength in the first line, and intend 
o be first in, hit your enemy in the belly, 
and kick him when he is down, and boil your 
prisoners in oil (if you take any), and torture 
his women and children ; then people will keep 
clear of you." 

Other documents consisted of maps showing 
parts of Tralee, telegraph and telephone 
wires — in order, no doubt, that they might be 
readily cut. He submitted to the Court that 
the plan found was one to assist thj landing. 
Further, there was a code ar'angement, and 
information as to food supplies and other 
matters. 

THE EVIDENCE. 
Frank Goodwin, a pilot, residing at Scrag- 
gen Point, Tralee Bay, answering Major Kim- 
ber, told how he watched the strange 
boat in Tralee Bay. She was painted 
black, with a black funnel which had 
a white band' on top of it. 1 wo Hags were 
painted on her sides — the Norwegian flag. 

John McCarthy, farmer, Currahane; Mary 
Gorman, servant, Ardfert; and Sergeant 
Thos. Hearn, R.I.C., stationed at Ardfert, 
repeated' the evidence given by them at the 
trial of Casement. 

('(instable Wm. Larke, R.I.C., stationed at- 
Ardfert, corroborated the evidence of Ser- 
geant Hearn as to the finding of articles 
on the Currahane Strand, and the taking of 
them to the police station. 

Constable Bernard Reilly, stationed at Ard- 
fert, also corroborated the sergeant's evidence 
as to the finding of Sir Roger Casement in 
McKenna's fort. 

Maurice Moriarty, a chauffeur, in the em- 
ployment of Mr. Nolan, Tralee, ntat?d that on 
the 21st April hs drove Stack out along the 
road from Tralee. They met two men on th« 
road, and Stack said he was to pick them up. 
The men, one of vhom was Collins, got ml* 
the car; the oi-W was ii&ilej. 



125 



Sergeant Daniel Crowley, R.I.C., deposed 
to having met the motor car at Banna 
Strand. He saw two men in the car, one 
of whom he had seen since at Bow street, 
London, where his name was given as Bailey. 

Constable Neazer, Tralee, said Collins 
gave his correct name and address when 
asked. He said that he had been 
stopped by the police at several 
places, and that he intended to spend his 
Easter holidays in Tralee, but that he had 
changed his mind. 

Signalman Waghorne, of H.M.S. Bluebell, 
repeated the evidence that he gave in 
London as to the overhauling of the 
steamer Aud, which was sunk by her crew. 

THE ARRESTS. 

Head Constable John Kearney, Tralee, 
stated that he had known Stack lor three 
years, and that he was the commandant of 
the Volunteers in Tralee. The wit- 
ness said that he met Collins in Tralee on 
the night of April 21st. He said he had been 
for a. TTintnr rivivp tn Ardfert, Ballyheigue, 
and Causeway with a man named Mulcahy, of 
Mountjoy street, Dublin, and Mr. Stack. He 
said that he had met Mulcahy once or twice 
before. He also said that he had been 
stopped and searched several times during 
the day. Witness arrested him on a charge 
of conspiracy to land arms. He made no 
further statement. Witness searched him, 
and Collins handed him a revolver and sixty- 
one rounds of ammunition. He said he 
usually carried the weapon in Dublin because 
he was out late at night and early in the 
morning. The prisoner also had £35 in his 
possession. Among other things found on 
him was a soldier's English-German dic- 
tionary. At the police station Collins said 
that he wanted to see Stack, and Stack was 
sent for. When he came to the station wit- 
ness arrested him. He asked witness if he 
was serious in arresting him. He searched 
him, and found documents on him, and 
others at Lis lodgings. Among these was a 
map of Tralee, showing the post office, the 
railway station, the G.P.O. store at the 
station, and other leading places. 

A FORM OF OATH. 

Witness aho found a paper on wh'ch 
was written a form of oath as 
follows : — " i swear in the presence 
of Cod that, If 1 become a member of the 
Irish Volunteeis, I will do all in my power 
to assert the independence of Ireland, keep 
the secrets of the organisation, and obey the 
commands of my superior officers.' 5 He also 
i'cund a letter bddressed to Stack from the 
Irish Volunteers in Ameiiea, which con- 
tained the phrase: "The news from Ireland 
that recruiting is a failure is very gratifying, 
and lias given us renewed hope." '1 he letter 
was signed Patrick Griffin 'Ihere was also 
a letter from a person in British SoulK 
Africa, in which occurred the statement: 
"Now is the moment for Young 
Ireland to asset t itself." 'Ihere was 
a bundle of letters, all directed to 



Stack, on matters relating to tne Volunteers, 
from members of that body in Dublin, such 
as Bulmer Hohson and the late P. H. Pearse 

Cross-examined — You will agree that the 
newspaper cutting which Major Kimber read' 
in his opening statement is a very brutal 
document? 1 should say so. 

Did the prisoner tell you that it was an 
extract from " The Review of Reviews " of 
February, 1910? No. 

Or that the ar+icle in the "Review" pro- 
fessed to give the very words as the senti 
ments of Admiral Lord Fisher ? Yes ; fa- 
said they were the words of Lord Fisher. 

Did you confirm that as being cut out; o-* 
the "Review of Reviews" of February, 191b r 
No. 

A copy of the magazine was handed to wi-> 
ness, and, at counsel's request, he read iro^ 
an article giving a character sketch o% LorC 
Fisher the par*, quoted by Major Kimber iz 
his opening statement. 

John Dempsey, a diver in the employment 
of the Admiralty at Queenstown, repeater 
the evidence given by him at the Lasemen- 
trial. 

Mr. S. J. Harrison, first class clerk in tb* 
G.P.O. , Dublin, said that Collins had been 
on the Post Office staff at a weekly salary of 
47s. 6d., and that he was entitled to twent*' 
one days' leave in the year. He had In- 
choice of two periods — from the 21st p" 
March to the 13th of April or from the J4t\ 
of April to 'he 11th of May. Collins chose 
the latter period, and he went away on his 
holiday. 

Constable* Daniel Coffey, of the Dublin 
Metropolitan Police, stated that he knew 
Collins for the past three years, and that ho 
had seen him several times entering the house,, 
in Rutland square which was the head- 
quarters of the Gaelic League, and which wjc*. 
also used as the drill hall of the Irish Volun- 
teers He also saw him in company witu 
several leaders of the Volunteers. He alsw 
saw him at a concert which was given fo" 
the benefit of the Irish Volunteers, whee- 
John MacNeill and other Sinn Fein leaders 
were present. He also knew Monteith, who 
was an instructor of the Irish Volunteers 
and marched through the streets with them, 
Monteith had been served with notice to leav«r 
Dublin, and he did leave, but he returned 
in August last, and remained for a few dayy 
He had not seen him since. 

Constable McKeown, DM. P., said he ha* 
seen Collins at the shop of the man Clarke, 
a leader of the •Sinn, Fciners, who hai 
recently been executed. 

STATEMENTS BY STACK AND COLi-INS. 

Stack handed in a written statement whi<~S 
was read by the President. In it he said thai 
he had a'ways been a, heliever in the ri.L'ht of 
Ireland to -e.?ji?ovornment. When the tn*fc 
Volunteers were forme! with the ohject whim 
their constitution states— namely, to detend 
and' maintain the rights and hheities t.f nr 
threatened by a rising of the aimed Volunteer* 



125 



of Ulster — he became »n active Irish Volunteer. 
When compulsory service was proposed he was 
preparing to resist it by means similar to those 
which the Ulster Volunteers used against 
Home Rule. He continued an ardent worker 
in the Irish Volunteers up to the date t£ his 
arrest. As to Monteith and Bailey, these men 
may have come to Tralee from some part of 
Ireland, or from Timbuctoo, or from some- 
where else, as far as he could see. 

Collins's statement (also read by the Presi- 
dent) "-'.as that he had been in the service of 
the Post Office since May, 1902. In April of 
this year he was spending his annual ler*7e in 
Limerick and' Ferry, Limerick being his na- 
tive county. On April 20th he went to Tralee 
where he had been accustomed to go for a 
number of years to spend portion of his holi- 
days and in visiting friends. He had no know- 
ledge of any contemplated landing of arms on 
the Kerry coast then or at any other time. He 
had not been a member of any Volunteer force 
for upwards of eighteen months. As to his 
alleged connection with Monteith or Bailey he 
knew nothing of them, ind they might have 
come to Tralee from Dublin or Cork, or any 
other part of Ireland for anything he knew to 
the contrary. 

ACCUSED'S GOOD CHARACTER. 

Mr. M Flavin, M.P. ; Mr. Thos. O'Donnell, 
M.P. ; Mr. D. J. Listen, solicitor, and the 
Rev. Father O'Quigly, O.P., each gave Stack 
a very high character. 

Mr. Thomas Hurley, a member of the Lime- 
rick County Council, and Chairman of the Dis- 
trict Council of Newcastle West, Co. Lime- 
rick, gave Collins a good character. 

Mr. Browne, who is in charge of the Ac- 
countant's Dcpaitment at the O.P.O., said tne 
accused Collins was a member of the 
FtafT, and was a steady man who did hi3 
business satisfactorily. Until March, 1915, 
there was no record against him. At that 
time it came to the notice of the Secretary 
that he was connected with the Irish Volun- 
teers, and he was warned under threat of in- 
stant dismissal to sever his connection wiLfi 
that or any other political movement with 
v lii( h he might be connected. He was, wit- 
ness thought, reminded of that warning once 
fince March, 1915. Since then the Depart- 
ment had no inhumation that he had not kept 
his p'.omise to leave the Volunteers. 

SENTENCE OF PENAL SERVITUDE FOR LIFE. 

The result of the trial was announced in a 
report issued from the Military Head-piarters 
en Thursday, 22nd June, as follows: — 

Austin Stack and Cornelius Collins were 
tried on the 15th and lfcth instant. lhey 
Were found guilty of complicity !j» ^j, e 
attempt to land rms and ammur"7JK>n ia 
herrv, and of conspiring to bring about 
Rebellion in Ireland. J hey were sentenced to 

tenal servitude for life, which was confirmed 
y the (Jeneial Officer Commanding in-Lhiei. 



THE REBELLION IN COUNTY 

CORK. 

• 

SHOOTING OF HEAD CONSTABLE ROWE. 

A general courtmartial assembled on Wed- 
nesday, 14th June, at Richmond Barracks, and 
began the trial of David Kent on a charge of 
having, on the morning of May 2nd, at Coole 
Lower, near Fermoy, Co. Cork, wilfully 
murdered Head Constable Rowe, of the Royal 
Irish Constabulary, while that officer was en- 
gaged in effecting the arrest of Kent on a 
charge of treason. There was a second 
charge against the accused— namely, that he 
was aiding and abetting an armed rebellion 
against the King. Both charges were 
bi ought under the Defence of the Realm Act, 
1914. The accused pleaded not guilty. 

Major-General Lord Cheylesmore, K.C. V.O., 
presided. 

Mr. Kenneth Marshall icted as Judge 
Advocate. 

Major Kimb-^r, D.S.O. (instructed by Mr. 
Robertson, of the Chief Crown Solicitor's 
Office), conducted the case for the prosecution. 

Mr. Patrick Lynch, K.C, and Mr. J. F. 
Moriarty (instructed by Mr. James J. 
McCabe, Cork) appeared for the accused. 

Major Kimber stated the facts of the case. 
Early in the morning of May 2nd Head Con- 
stable Rowe and a party of police went to 
the house of the accused, and knocked at 
the door. A voice from an upper window 
asked, "Who is there?" and the head con- 
stable replied, " Police. Come down and 
open the door." The voice inside the house 
said, " We will never surrender. We will 
leave some of ycu dead." One of the ser- 
geants with the head constable advised him 
to take cover, for they would surely fire 
from the house. The head constable went to 
one side of the yard, where there was a gap 
in the wail, and the sergeant went in another 
direction. Almost immediately a shot waa 
fired from the window in the direction where 
the bead constable was ftanding. A shct 
was fired in reply by the police, and another 
shot came from the house, and in the direc- 
tion of Sergeant Caldbeck. He moved aside, 
and the shot killed the head constable. 

Police Sergeant Samuel Caldbeck gave evi- 
dence as to the occurrence. He said that 
he was one of the police party — four con- 
stables and two sergeants — who were with 
the head constable at the house of the 
Kents. Four sons — Thomas, William, 
Richard, and David— lived there with their 
mother. When the bead constable knocked 
at the door about a quarter to four o'clock, 
and said the police weie there, a voice from 
inside said, " We will never surrender. We 
will leave some of you dead." 'Ihen a shot 
was fired from the lobby window, which was 
c pen and witness replied with another shot, 
lie did not know what effect that shot had. 
Another shot was Fred from the eastern side 
of tht. house, fcnd witness was reloading 
when be saw a gun thrust aeain tVroniih the 
open window, covering himself. A shot was 



127 



fired, and in a moment a man at his side 
eaid that the head constable was killed. 
Witness fired again, and the firing was con- 
tinued until about 4.50, when a cry came 
from the house: "There is a man dying; 
send for a priest." Witness said in reply 
that he would send for a priest if those 
inside threw out their arms and ammunition. 
About ten minutes afterwards they flung out 
two shot gu is, but no ammunition. The 
military arrived about 6.40, and one of the 
brothers said from a window that he would 
surrender to the officer. They surrendered, 
and the four brothers and their mother came 
out of the house. He saw that David (the 
accused) was wounded. Thomas had since 
been tried, and was executed. Richard was 
preparing to run away. Witness called upon 
him to stand, but he did not do so. The 
military fired and wounded him, and he 
died. William had been tried, and was 
acquitted. The military searched the house, 
and found two rifles and 49 rounds of service 
ammunition, and seven rounds of cartridges 
for a shot gun. There were five rounds in 
the magazine of one rifle. 

Police Constables King and Norris, R.I.C., 
gave evidence in corroboration of that given 
by the sergeant The latter said that he 
found on the 13th January a revolver and 
27 rounds of ammunition, 54 rounds of ball 
cartridges, and 409 sporting cartridges at 
the house of the Kents. There was a shot 
gun there which the police did not take. 
The accused belonged to the Irish Volun- 
teers. He had never seen him in the Volun- 
teer uniform, but he had seen his brother 
Thomas so dressed. 

Second Lieutenant Page Green, of the 14th 
Royal Fusiliers, and Second Lieutenant 
Chesney, of the 15th Royal Fusiliers, who 
were in charge of the party of military who 
arrived at the house of the Kents, gave evi- 
dence as to the surrender of the accused and 
his brothers. 

Dr. G. H. Purcell, R.A.M.C., who accom- 
panied the military, said the top of the 
head of the head constable had been blown off. 

At the hearing of the case on Thursday, 

Ine accused handed in a written statement, 
in which he said' that he had not hand, act, 
or part in the attack on the police. When he 
beard the noise in the house that morning he 
got out of bed and went downstairs and was 
shot from outside. 

BROTHER'S EVIDENCE. 
WilHam Kent, brother of the accused, said hat, 
he had been tried and acquitted. His mother, 
who was the owner of a farm of 200 acres, was 
close on ninety years of age. His brother 
Richard', as a result of an accident, had been 
lor a while in a lunatic asylum. When ns 
was awakened that morning by the peculiar 
noise he went out on the landing and met uh 
brother Richard there with a shot fiun in hiq 
hand. He asked him what he was doing with 
it, and the reply was that the police were out- 
side. Ar.y shooting that was done from the 
house was done by Richard. There were shoes 
from the police - 'I round the house. He heard 
his brother (accused) say that he was shoe. 



una" it was then that he shouted out to the 
police that his brother David was shot;, that 
he believed he was dying, and asked him if be 
would send for a priest. It was then that he 
threw out the two guns — a rifle and a shot pun 
—that he found on the lobby. If he had 
know n that there were any other arms in the 
house he would have surrendered them. The 
accused had no gun. 

Cross-examined by Major Kimber — It is all 
the fault of your brother Richard? That is 
my belief. 

Do you rvggest that it was your brother 
Richard who fired all the guns? 1 have no 
doubt that he did. 

You will agree with me that it was strange 
that there were four men in the house, and 
four weapons, and that all four had been used ? 
It is rather strange. 

District Inspector Lewis was called. He 
said that apart from this case the accused 
was a man of exceptionally good character. 

The President said this concluded the pro- 
ceedings in open Court. 

SENTENCE OF FIVE YEARS' 
PENAL SERVITUDE. 

The result of the trial was communicated in 
a report issued from the Military Head- 
quarters, on Thursday, 22nd June, as follows :— 

David Kent was tried on the 14th and 15th 
instant. He was found guilty of the murder 
of Head Constable Rowe, Fermo;j : and of aid- 
ing and abetting in the recent rebellion, and 
■was sentenced to death, with a strong recom- 
mendation to mercy on account of his previous 
good_ character. The General Officer Com- 
manding-in-Chief confirmed this courtmartial, 
but commuted the sentence to one of five 
years' penal servitude. 

TULLAMORE PRISONERS DISCHARGED. 

An official report issued on Thursday, 22nd 
June, from Military Headquarters in Dublin, 
stated : — 

The following prisoners from Tullamore, 
viz. : James O'Brennan, Frank Biennan, 
John Delaney, Joseph Morris, Thomas Du'g- 
gan, Joseph Graham, Peter Bracken, Thomas 
Byrne, James Clarke, Henry MeiNally, Thomas 
Hogan, Joseph Rafter were tried by General 
Courtmartial on the 26th May. They were- 
charged with the attempted murder of County 
Inspector Crane, District Inspector Fitzgerald, 
and Sergeant Ahearn while an attempt was 
being made by the police to enter the Sinn 
Fein Hall at Tullamore on 2Cth March, and 
disarm a number of men who were in posses- 
sion of the hall, from which shots were being 
fired, and' Sergeant Ahearn received a bullet 
wound which placed his life for several weeks 
in danger. The prisoners, after being brought 
before the local magistrates, were handed over 
to the military, and at their court-martial 
which followed, Mr. Healy, K.C., who ap- 
peared for them, contended that they had 
been illegally transferred from the civil to 
the military author '.i-s. The General Officer 
Commanding in-Chief has not cm firmed the 
proceedings, arid h?s orcered their release 
from midtary custoay. 



123 



SIR ROGER CASEMENT'S TRIilLi 
AND EXECUTION. 

♦ ■ 

A HISTORIC CASE. 

Sir Roger Casement appeared on Monday, 
15th May, at Bow street Police Court, London, 
to answer the charge of high treason pre- 
ferred against him as a consequence of his 
conduct in Germany during the war, and his 
landing in Ireland a few days before the 
rebellion broke out. Seldom has a case 
attracted so much public attention as this, 
in which a British ex-Consul, after an amaz- 
ing career in an enemy country, was called 
upon to stand his trial on one of the gravest 
charges to be heard in British courts. Case- 
ment was brought from the Tower of London 
in a taxi-cab, and to the surprise of ahnost 
everybody in court, on entering tlje dock, he 
was accompanied by a second prisoner, who 
proved to be an ex-soldier named Daniel 
Julian Bailey. Unkempt end unsbaved, 

Bailey, a fair-haired, fresh-complexioned man, 
about thirty-five years of age, to judge 
by appearances. presented a marked 
contrast to his fellow-prisoner. Casement, 
swarthy, ;.nd with sunken eyes, his face wear- 
ing a set expression of brooding, was well 
groomed and distinguished-looking. Both men 
bowed to Sir John Dickinson on entering the 
court, and were allowed to be seated. 
Casement thereafter bent his tall figure, and 
supporting his head with his band, and his 
elbow on his knee, followed the speech of the 
Attorney-General, in opening the prosecution, 
"with a searching interest. Bailey, on the 
other hand, sat staring fixedly ahead of him 
throughout the hearing.. Once only he 
smiled, when he recognised a witness who had 
met him when they weie both prisoners of 
war in Germany. 

THE CHARGE. 

Both prisoners were called on to answer the 
following charge : — 

For that thov did. between the 1st day of 
November, 1914. and on divers other occasions 
let ween that day and the 21st day of April, 
1916. unlawfully, maliciously, and traitorously 
commit high treason without the Realm of 
Km: land, in contempt of our Sovereign Lord 
the King aiiri his laws, to the evil example 
of others in like rase, contrary to the duty 
and allegiance of the said defendants. 

The case for lb. 1 Crown was in the hands 
of lb' 1 Atioinev General (Sir F K. Smithi, 
Mr. A ft. Bodkin, and Mr. Travels 
Hnmi In- \s. 

(jpfendtns fhe a^fu«f>d men were Mr. 
Arlemus .Innpa and Mr. ) II Motgnn, in- 
si i in lei by Mr. George Gavart Dully. 

SIR F. E. SMITHS STATZMENT. 
Sir I ' i « . I . • i i . U I-. Smith began by m:( lining 
the career ol Sir Rr.gjer Cawmecl Torn on 

S-| I-tiiIht I-'., 1' lil, (>i-en:ent \wk in t.'ie 

wrviee ol fhe \i_<r ( ni-t I'mle* tnro'e in 
1B32, and became H. M. Consul in the I'ortu- 



guese Province of Lorenzo Marques in June, 
1895. In 1898 he was appointed Consul to 
the Portuguese possessions in West Africa, 
and during the South African War he was 
employed on special service in Cape Town, 
receiving at the conclusion of hostilities a 
British South African medal. Subsequently 
he served in the French Congo, and in June, 
1905, he was made a C.M.G., and appointed 
Consul to the State of San Paulo. He was 
promoted Consul General, and transferred to 
Rio Janeiro in 1908, and in 1911 he was 
knighted, receiving in the same year the 
Coronation medal. Alluding to Casement's 
investigation into the conditions of the 
rubber industry in South America between 
1909 and 1912, Sir Frederick remarked that 
Casement's record showed a career of con- 
siderable public usefulness, and he had re- 
tired with a pension. Acknowledging the in- 
timation that he was to be knighted, Case- 
ment, in June, 1911, wrote: — 

THANKS FOR KNIGHTHOOD. 

Dear Sir Edward Grey, — 1 find it very hard 
to choose words with which to make acknow- 
ledgment of the honour done me by the King. 
1 am much moved at this proof of confidence 
and appreciation of my services on the Rut»- 
mayo, conveyed to me by your letter, wherein 
you tell me the King has been graciously 
pleased, on your recomendation. to confer 
upon me the honour of Knighthood. I am, 
indeed, grateful to you for this signal assur- 
ance of your personal esteem and support. 
1 am very deeply sensible of the honour done 
me by His Majesty, and would beg that my 
humble duty might be presented to His 
Majesty, and that you do me the honour to 
convey to him my deep appreciation of the 
honour he has been so graciously pleased to 
confer upon me. 

Sir Frederick remarked that that letter 
showed what Casement's feelings then were 
towards the country he had served so long. 
He was then a man of mature years, being 
47 years old. and be had had 19 years ex- 
perience of Government work. A man of cul- 
tivated understanding, he had also a consider- 
able knowledge of history. Casement drew his 
pension till September 30. 1914. 

turning to the case of Bailey, Sir Frederick 
said that this defendant had made a statement 
in which he said he was burn in Publin. He 
joined the Royal Irish Rifles in 1904. aitd had 
served with his regiment in India. When *tie 
war broke out he was employed a* a troods 
porter at Raddinnton, and was vailed up as a 
reservist He sailed with the original lixpedl- 
tionary Force to K ranee. He shared the for- 
tunes of the force dm in* the early dxys of 
the campaign, and was taken prisoner by the 
riermans on September 4, 1914. Among the 

British solibcrs taken prisoners were a con- 
si dent He number of Irish soldiers, Befnewn 
the In-h anil other I'ii-iiiiims there was Ht 
I'nst apparently no differentiation, hit i.bnot 
1 !(■>< 'ember, 1911, Irish prisoners were ivntoved 
from the different ranis >i r: d collected 
tog* thei into n Istrsre camp a* l.imlery. At that 
Un;e Casement was in Cicimany. 



129 



TERMS FOR THE IRISH BRIGADE IN 
BERLIN. 

The part Casement was destined to play was 
that of a man who hoped to seduce from their 
allegiance to the King the Irish prisoners- of 
war, who were collected for the purpose of 
listening to addresses and lectures from Case- 
ment. They were addressed collectively, and 
in some cases individually by Casement, who 
moved about the camp freely, with full ap- 
proval of the Germans. Tins went on be- 
tween 3rd January and 19th February, 1915. 
Casement introduced himself as Sir Roger 
Casement, the organiser of the Irish Volun- 
teers. He stated that he was f-irming an 
Irish Brigade, and' he invited all the Irish 
prisoners in the country to join him. He 
pointed out repeatedly, and with emphasis, 
that in his opinion everything was to be 
gained for Ireland by Germany winning the 
war, and that now was the day for striking a 
blow for Ireland. He stated that those who 

1'oined the Irish Brigade would be sent to 
ierlin ; they would become guests of the Ger- 
man Government, and in the event of Ger- 
many winning a sea battle he would 1 land a 
brigade in Ireland and defend the country 
against the enemy, England. In the event of 
Germany losing the war either he or the Im- 
perial German Government would give each 
man of the brigade a bonus of from £10 to 
4!20 and' a free passage to America. 

KISSED BY PRISONERS OF WAR. 

The vast majority of the Irish prisoners 
treated the rhetoric and persuasions of Case- 
ment with contempt. He was received with 
hisses, and at least on one occasion booed out 
of camp. The Munster Fusiliers were parti- 
cularly prominent in their loyalty and in their 
resentment to the treacherous proposals made 
to them. One man actually struck Casement, 
who was saved from further violence by the 
intervention of an escort of the Prussian 
Guard assigned to give him their protection. 
The Irish prisoners who refused to receive the 
proposals were punished' by a reduction of 
their rations, which before this had not been 
in any way excessive. A man named Robin- 
son who refused to join t- 3 Irish Brigade was 
transferred to another camp for punishment. 
The few men who were seduced from their 
allegiance were rewarded by being given a 
green uniform with a harp worked upon it, 
by being left at liberty, and by exceptionally 
liberal rations, both in quality and quantity. 
Amongst the Irish prisoners at Limberg was 
the prisoner Bailey, who was wearing the 
green uniform and also side arms in the Ger- 
man fashion. Evidence would be given that 
Bailey joined the so-called Irish Brigade, and 
was promoted at once to the rank of sergeant 
by the Germans, who encouraged the forma- 
tion of the brigade. The witnesses 
to these acts of high treason and 
treachery included a Royal Munster Fusi- 
lier, a lance-corporal of the Royal Irish Rifles, 
and several other soldiers. All of these men 
had been wounded, and had since been ex- 
changed, and were at tha disposal of the 
Crown as witnesses. 



BAILEY'S STATEMENT. 

Counsel then read the statement made by 
Bailey after his arrest on April 21st. He 
stated that he was born in Dublin. In 1904 
he joined the Royal Irish Rifles. He v/atj a 
reservist at the outbreak of war, and, being 
called to his depot at Belfast, was imme- 
diately sent out with the Expeditionary 
Force. He was taken prisoner in Septemoer, 
1914, and taken, with other Irishmen, to the 
camp at Limberg, where he was well treated 
for a time: — "I saw Sir Roger Casement 
about April, 1915 (the statement proceeded). 
He spoke to me about joining the Irish 
Brigade solely for the purpose of righting for 
Irish freedom, and I joined so that i could get 
out of the country, and was made sergeant 
straight away." Bailey went on to say that 
he was sent to Berlin at the end of March, 




ROGER DAVID CASEMENT.— Executed on 
3rd August. 

1916, and, with a Mr. Monteith, went to a 
school to get instruction in the use of ex- 
plosives. After three hours he went to 
another place in Berlin for further instruc- 
tion. 

TO IRELAND IN A SUBMARINE. 
On the 11th he and Mr. Monteith nr ' Pir 
Roger Casement were driven to the War 
Office. There he was given a railway ticket, 
and the thiee of them went to v« ilhelrnsbaven. 
There they were put on a submarine. Owm^ 
to a pi:- 1 ^ accident mey had to put in pt 
Heligoland. '1 hey left thero on the 13th of 
April and came round by top Shetland*, 
then knew (the statement continued) where I 
was going, but I had no instructions. I knew 
when I got near to Tralee (hat it was in con- 
nection with the Volunteer movement. Ihe 



130 



submarine steered in as close as it could, and 
then lowered' a collapsible boat and put us off. 
We took revolvers, ammunition, etc., and I 
was ordered to bury them. The boat put off 
at 1 a.m. in the surf. It was overturned, 
and we had to wade ashore. I went back two 
or three times to fetch the stuff. We buried 
the arms, etc.j not far from where we landed. 
We left our coats there, and I was taken 
by Monteith to Tralee. People were going to 
Mass when we got there." At Tralee 
(Bailey's statement continued) they got some- 
' thing to eat, and then went to a 
shop. Four men came in separately, and 
Monteith conversed with them. Afterwards 
they got into a motor car, and one of the 
men asked where the arms were. They tra- 
velled about looking for the place, and a tyre 
was punctured. Before they could get out 
of the car the police came up, and afterwards 
they drove off in an opposite direction. He 
was afterwards directed to a castle, and re- 
mained there until he was arrested. 
ARMS SHIP DISGUISED. 

When on the submarine (the statement went 
oti) I overheard conversation from time to 
time about a small Wilson liner which was 
being piloted into Tralee. It had on board 
20,000 rifles and a million rounds of ammuni- 
tion It was disguised as a timber ship, and 
there were also ten machine guns and bombs 
and fire bombs, and it was said that Dublin 
Castle was to be raided. From that state- 
ment, counsel resumed, it appeared that the 
three passengers, Casement, Monteith, and 
Bailev, were put into a small boat and landed 
on the sands near Ardfert, probably about 
2 o'clock on the morning of Good Friday, 
April 21 On the Thursday night at 9.50 a 
labourer saw a light flashing about half a mile 
out at sea, and it was, probably, not uncon- 
nected with what happened afterwards — prob- 
ably those on board were taking part in a 
common adventure with the prisoners. 
THE RAIDER CHALLENGED. 

The next phase of the case dealt with by 
counsel was the challenging of the accompany- 
ing ship by the sloop Bluebell, which on April 
21 was patrolling in the neighbourhood of 
Tralee. Sighting a suspicious ship, flying the 
Norwegian ensign, and with four Norwegian 
ensigns painted fore and aft on the vessel, 
the captain of the Bluebell hoisted a signal de- 
manding the vessel's name and destination. 
The vessel replied that she was the Aud, of 
Bergen The captain of the Bkihell ordered 
her to follow him into harbour. The Aud re- 
plied in broken English : " Where are you 
taking me to?" The Bluebell went ahead, 
but the And remained without moving. A 
round was accordingly fired across her bows, 
and she then signalled : " What am I to do?" 
She was told to follow, and did so without 
furthei tiv.u'ble until the next morning, when 
the And hoisted a signal: "Where am I to 
enter?" On arriving in the harbour she was 
told to await orders, and continue to follow 
the Bluebell Near the Daunt Hock lightship 
the Bluebell headed for harbour, but the And 
(stopped, The Bluebell then went back about 
a cable's length, and saw & small cloud of 



white smoke issuing from the after-hold. At 
the same time two German naval Ensigns 
were Uown from the mast, and two boats were 
launched, one from either side. The Bluebell 
went round across the bows, and the occu- 
pants of the two boats, coming towards her, 
hoisted a flag of truce, and put up their 
hands. They were taken prisoners on the 
Bluebell. The Aud sank almost immediately 
afterwards. If, said counsel, one might con- 
nect all these matters, it was established that 
Casement was attempting to seduce Irish 
soldiers from their allegiance, with the ob- 
ject of forming a brigade to take part in an 
insurrection in Ireland. The association of 
the events described appeared to be obvious. 
About 4 o'clock in the morning there were 
found buried three Mauser pistols, a flash 
lamp, a large flag, two lifebelts, maps and 
other articles Counsel here " produced " a 
large green Irish flag, and the prisoners joined 
in the interested scrutiny of the exhibit. 

THE ARREST OF SIR ROGER CASEMENT. 

Describing Sir Roger Casement's arrest, Sir 
FredencK said he was found in hiding at 
MeKenna's Fort. " It is called a fort, but I 
am informed it is not so much an edifice as an 
excavation." Asked by the police who he 
was, Ca.-ement replied: "Richard Morton, of 
Denham, Bucks," and described himself as an 
author. He said he arrived from Dublin on 19th 
April, and slept at a farmhouse close by, and 
that he intended to go to Tralee. While 
being taken to Ardfert Barracks he was seen 
by a farmer named Collins to drop a 
paper from his coat. This was found to be 
a code. 

This code consisted of 6uch contemplated 
messages as the following: — "Wait further 
instructions." " Wait further opportunity," 
"Send agent at once," "Proposal accepted," 
" Proposal received," " Please answer by 
cablegram," " Have decided to stay," "Com- 
munication again possible," " Railway com- 
munications have been stopped," "Further 
ammunition is needed," " How many rifles 
will you send us?" "Will send plans about 
landing," " Preparations are made 

about -" "Send another shin to " 

" Cannons with plenty of ammunition are 
needed,' "Send more explosives." "Send a 
vessel, if possible." Such, commented coun- 
sel, were the contemplated communications re- 
quired to develop the situation in Treland. 
Casement was charged at Ardfert Barracks 
with landing arms and ammunition. He 
asked for legal assistance. On April 22nd he 
was brought to England, and to an inspector 
of the Metropolitan Police he said he was Sir 
Roger Casement. 

THE AUD'S CARGO. 

Divers sent down to the Aud had discovered 
on board Russian rifles of a pattern of t'.ie 
year 1905. Concluding his speech, the 
Attorney-General described the arrest of 
Bailey, who, he said, was stopped by the 
I olice near where the arms were found. He 
was in a motor car with some other men, and 
stated that he came from Mountjoy street, 
Dublin. Thov were hi'rested between Cause- 
way and Tralee, on the evening of April 22nd. 



131 



POLICE INSPECTOR PARKER'S EVIDENCE. 

The first witness was Inspector Parner, of 
Scotland Yard, who stated that he went to 
the Tower at 7 o'clock that morning, and 
read the warrant over to Casement, who was 
conveyed to Bow street. Bailey was also 
broaght that morning from Wandsworth 
Prison. When the two prisoners were charged 
together at Bow street, Casement, pointing to 
Bailey, said : " Well, that man is innocent. I 
think the indictment is wrongly drawn 
against him. Is it within my power to pay 
for the defence of this man? I wish him to 
be in every way as well defended as myself, 
and ii ne has no means to undertake 
his defence I am prepared to pay for him." 
CX-WAR PRISONER'S STORIES. 

John Robinson, Ross street, Beltast, for- 
merly a corporal in the R.A.Ai.C., said that 
on August, 24th, 1914, he was taken 
prisoner in Fiance, and interned at 
a prisoners' war camp at Sanneelageer, 
and after r few months there the Irish 
soldiers there received an order that they* 
were to be put together, and they were 
treated a little, but not much, better. They 
were given lighter work than the English 
prisoners, and were put in huts by them- 
selves. In December, 1914, some three Irish 
soldiers were moved to Limberg, where the 
accommodation was good, but the food bad. 
Casement visited the Irish soldiers, and 
'" spouted " to them. He said that now was 
the time to fight for Ireland. He wanted 
the Irish prisoners there to form an Irish 
Brigade, and said' that Germany was going 
to free Ireland. Lometimes he got a 
very poor reception. The men tried 
to hiss him out of the camp, and 
one fellow shovefl him. When the man 
pushed Casement, witness added, the Ger- 
man guard got him away. Casement visited 
the camp four times, about a week between 
each visit. Casement promised them £10 
each if they joined, and if Germany lost the 
war they would be sent to America. Witness 
added that copies of a paper, the Gaelic 
American, and a book, "The Crime Against 
Ireland," were circulated in the camp. 
Forms were handed to them. 

THE MODE OF TEMPTATION. 

One of the questions asked was: "Are you 
willing to tight for your own country, with 
a view of securing the national freedom of 
Ireland? With the moral and material 
assistance of the German Government an 
Irish Brigade is being formed." 

Counsel produced a copy of this form, 
also a pamphlet calculated among the Irish 
prisoners. Quoting from it, he read — 

" Irishmen, here is a chance for you to 
fight for Ireland. You have fought for 
England, your country's hereditary enemy. 
You Lave fought for Belgium, though it was 
no more to you than the Fiji Islands. Are 
you willing to fight for your own country, 
with a view of securing the national freedom 
of Ireland? The object of the Irish Brigade 
Rial I be to fight solely the cause of Ireland, 
and in no circumstances shall it be directed 
to the interests of Germany." 



The pamphlet went on to declare that the 
Brigade would fight under the Irish flag 
alone, with a distinctive Irish uniform, and 
Irish officers. At the end of the war the 
German Government undertook to send those 
who desired it to America, with the neces- 
sary means of landing. It was further 
stated that the Irish in America were raising 
money for the Brigade. If interested, men 
were to see their company commanders. It 
concluded — 

"Remember Bachelor's Walk. God Save 
Ireland.'" 

SIGNING THE FORM. 

Witness, proceeding, said that out of over 
a thousand men he thought between fifty 
and sixty signed the form. He never 
joined the Brigade. Witness said he 
recognised the prisoner Bailey, and also re- 
membered a Corporal Quinless at Limberg. 
Both joined the Irish Brigade. Witness 
added, in conclusion, that he was exchanged 
from the 8th of October last year, and re- 
turned to this country. 

PRIVATE JOHN CROME. 

Private John Crone, of 2 Camel's place, 
John street, Cork, formerly in the 2nd Batta- 
lion Royal Munster Fusiliers, gave somewhat 
fcimilar evidence. He was wounded on August 
22, he said, taken prisoner, and on December 
22nd was conveyed with 21 oth?r Irish 
prisoners to Limberg, vhere he saw Bailey. 
Casement occasionally visited the camp. Onco 
he heard him say — " Why do you stay hsre 
in hunger and misery, when you might be 
enjoying yourselves by joining the Irish 
Brigade, and becoming guests of the German 
Government?" 

WILLIAM EGAN. 

William Egan, 14 Barrow street, Dublin, 
another ex-prisoner, said he knew Bailey at 
St. Vincent de Paul School, Glasnevin, Dublin, 
and later he was in Bailey's regiment. tie 
was wounded and captured at Neuve Chap?lle 
in October, and he again met Bailey at Lim- 
berg. On one of the forms given to the 
Irish prisoners was ':he question — " In what 
state were the people of Ireland when the war 
broke out?" Witness identified Bail?y and 
Quinless as two prisoners who joined the 
Irish Brigade. Bailey joined with soldiers 
named Greer and Scanlan. There were 
2,500 Irishmen in the camp, and only 52 
joined the Brigade. 

DANIEL O'BRIEN. 

Daniel O'Brien, formerly in the L?inster 
Regiment, said he was taken from Doeberitz 
Camp with a hundred other Irish prisoners to 
Limberg. Witness corroborated the evidence 
as to Casement's remarks to the Irish 
prisoners. Witness said that Bailey drew a 
map of Ireland, which was shown round tli3 
camp. Recruiting for the Irish Brigade con- 
tinued- till February, and was carried on bv 
a man called Father Nicholson, a supposed 
American 

CORPORAL MICHAEL O'CONNOR. 

Corpora! Michael O'Connor, a one armed 
man, who -ppeared in khaki, ard wore South 
African r r.dals, said tl.t-i his home was in 
Wexford, .it Limber; 1* said Jaseiieni told 



132 



them that England was nearly beaten. On 
January 3rd Casement said to the men booing 
him — " You are followers of the recruiting 
officer for the British Army, Johnnie Red-, 
mond." On that occasion a Coldstream Guard 
Colour-Sergeant called Casement a traitor, and 
wis sent to a punishment camp. While in 
hospital witness was given a book entitled 
" The King, the Kaiser, and Ireland." 
JAMES WILSON. 

James Wilson, formerly a private in the 
Royal Dublin Fusiliers, living at 560 North 
Circular road, Dublin, another prisoner from 
Limberg, spoke to a man whom, owing to his 
impaired eyesight he could not identify, urging 
the Irishmen in camp not to prolong their 
misery, but to better themselves by joirr\ig 
the Irish Brigade. He spoke of the blood ci 
their forefathers flowing in their veins, attd 
urged them not to take any notice of " the 
uncrowned king, John Redmond." Some of 
the men called the man a renegade, and one 
told him he was "up the pole." (Laughter.) 
JOHN M'CARTHY. 
When the case was resumed on Tuesday, 16th 
May, John M'Carthy, a farmer living near the 
Banna strand, examined by Mr. Bodkin, said 
that on tne morning of Good Friday, about 4 
o'clock, he noticed a boat being washed in 
by the tide, with four oars floating around. 
He waded in and took hold of the loat, and 
found a dagger (produced). In the sands, 
covered up. he also found a tin box (box pro- 
duced) ar «t 15 inches square and a foot 
deep. Or the sands he also saw footmarks, 
apparently of three or four persons. The 
footprints led to his farm. Be and his man, 
Pat Driscoll, pulled the boat out of the water. 
As they were coming back they saw McCarthy's 
daughter, aged seven, playing wmi three re- 
volvers. The revolvers, formidable weapon* 
of the Mauser pattern, were pro-^yed. 
Witness said he also found' a small bag (pro- 
duced along with a brown and a black bag 
found by the police). 

A LIGHT AT SCA. 

Michael Hussey, a typical Irish labourer, 
whose ntogue was so pronounced that it was 
only with difficulty he was understood, an- 
swering Mr. Travers Humphreys, said that 
the night before Good Friday he was "out 
visiting for a bit of the night," and about 
half past nine he saw a dark red light ft sea. 
He saw it tor about two seconds, or perhaps 
a little longer. He went down to the edge 
Of the sea, but saw no one there. I he light 
liaJ been seen about half a mile out from 
low water mark. Ne.\t morni.;g he saw tha 
boat on the beach opposite where the light 
had been at sen. 

MARY GORMAN. 

Next there stepped into the witness -jox a 
young lri<h servant named Mary Gorman, rnd 
Ler accent completely puzzled counsel. Mr. 
BoaKin had to get her ad Iress " Rathoneen. ' 
She described how at half pa-t four on Good 
Friday morning three men passed close to 
her, goiitii in the direction of Atdfert. One 
v. i - a tall man, another nearly as tall, and 
the third smaller. The tall man carried a 



coat, a green knapsack across his shoulders, 
and a walking sticK. The two others had 
overcoats. They were all walking quickly 
Sne was able to see the tall man's face, and 
she identified him as Sir Roger Casement. She 
aia not recognise Bailey. 

SERGEANT HEARN. ROYAL IRISH 
CONSTABULARY. 

Sergeant Thomas J. Hearn, of the R.I.C., 
told how he received the various 
articles found in the sand by M'Carthy, in 
whose house the bags were opened, hi one of 
the bags witness found five hundred rounds 
of ammunition. The pistols found were 
loaded. Subsequently the witness with 
another officer found a man in the old rath 
or fort. It was the prisoner. Witness 
said he asked Casement what he was 
doing there, and he replied, " By what 
authority do you ask me the question?" 
Witness replied that he could ask any ques- 
tion he chose, and added that he should arrest 
*hirn under the Defence of the Realm regula- , 
tions. He then asked Sir Roger Casement his 
name, and the prisoner replied Richard 
Norton, of Denham, Bucks. Sir Roger Case- 
ment added that he had written a book, and 
told witness the name of it. Further answer- 
ing the witness, Sir Roger Casement sa:d he 
was going to Dublin, b<<t had no passport 
papers He got to the fort at eight o'clock 
that morning ; his clothes were wet ; he in- 
tended going on to Tralee. At Ardfert 
Barracks Sir Rog»v Caesment, -f>h&(. charged 
with landing t-rins, ?a ; -d. "Can 1 t,ee your 
order?"* Among the articles found on him 
was some kind ^i sa~u?-aga wrapped in paper, 
also two documents, one in a foreign 'angvogdj 
ana evidently an itinerary of Sir Roger Case- 
ment's movements in Germany. 

CONSTABLE REILLY. 

Constable Reiiiv, ot the Royal Irish Con- 
stabulary, deposed tha'- on Good Friday morn- 
ing he saw a man at M'Kenna's fort. His 
head and shoulders appeared over the side of 
the fort. Witness went towards the man, who 
was Sit Roger Casement, "covered" him, and 
called on him not to move. Sir Roger Case- 
ment replied, "This is a nice way to treat 
an English traveller." Pie also said, " I am 
not armed. 1 will do you no harm." The 
sergeant then came up. In the inside pocket 
of Sir Roger Casement's waistcoat, witness 
added, was a slip of white paper. "I read 
something on it," said witness, "and said, 
'thdt isn't Irish.' ,: (Laughter.) Casement 
replied, " I don't know, I have never seen 
that before." Witness made a further 
search at the fort and found three overcoats. 
He noticed Casement was wearing a ureera 
woollen muffler, the i ads of which were wet 
and sandy. 'Iheu was also sand in his boots. 
A TWELVE YEAR OLD WITNESS. 

Martin Collins, the twe'-n-vear-old son of 
an Ardfert fanner, was the next witness. A 
bright faced, intelligent boy, he gave his 
evidence with great self possession. He told 
how he vvas driving a pony and cart past 
M'Fetina's fort on the way to a neighbouring 
farmer's, when he saw Sergeant Hearn and 
Constable Reilly ./i':L a stranjer, whom he 



133 



recognised' now as Sir Roger Casement. The 
stranger put his hands behind his back, rolled 
np a piece of paper behind him, and 
dropped it. Witness said he drove the man 
as far as the farm, where Mary Gorman 
identified him as one of the men she had seen 
in the morning. On his wav home after 
dinner witness said he stopped" at the fort, 
«nd asked a boy to pick • up the paper Sir 
Roger Casement had dropped. Witness 
opened it and found it was torn in two. rie 
read some of it, and when he got back to 
Ardfert handed it over to Constable Reilly. 

CONSTACLE LARKS. 

Constable Robert William Larke, R.I.C., 
answeting Mr. Bodkin, said that on Good 
Friday morning he went to the sands at 
Curraghane, where he discovered buried in the 
sari is near where the revolvers were picked 
up a black bag about two hundred yards from 
M'Carthy's house. 

CASEMENT'S JOURNEY THROUGH DUBLIN. 

Sergeant Bracken, of the Military ioot 
Police, stationed at Ship street Barracks, 
Dublin, deposed that on 22nd April he went 
to Arbour Hill Military Detention Barracks 
with an escort, and there received from the 
sergeant-major in charge the prisoner Case- 
ment. He- brought him via Holyhead to Bow 
street Police Station, where l.e handed over 
Casement to the Metiopohtun Police. 

Sergeant Janes Butler, yf the R.I.C., who 
took Casement train Tralee to Dublin, said 
that the train stopped at Kiilarney Station, 
and while there the prisoner asked permission 
to get a paper. Witness granted the request. 
At the station a head constable came to the 
carriage door and said to witness, " Did you 
hear what happened to the two lads <.t Puck?" 
Witness answered " No," and the head con- 
stable went on, "They ran into the tide, and 
were drowned." After D.aving the s.trtion the 
prisoner started to cry, and remained crying 
for some time. He then turned round to the 
witness and said, " \vhere is Puck ; is it near 
Castlemame Bay?" Witness answered "Y as." 
Sir Roger Casement then s.id, "I am very 
sorry for these two men. It . was on toy 
account they were there. 'lLev vv„re two trood 
Irishmen." On arrival at via I low witness 
a?ked if he had been there before, and he 
answered, "Ye?, 1 know Blackwater well." 

Sergeant-Major Whittaker, Arilitary Pro- 
vost's Staff Corps, stationed at Arbour Hill 
Barracks, Dublin, spoke to receiving three 
bags and a parcel from Sergeant Butler, who 
also handed over t. .-» prisoner Casement. The 
parcel contained three great coats. 

INSPECTOR SANQYC3CK. 

Inspector Joseph iSandycock, C.I.D., Scct- 
I-nd Yard, stated that at Kus 4 on Station on 
the morning of April 25 he received into 
custody Sir Roger Casern :r.t from Sergeant 
Bracken. He conveyed him to Mew Scotland 
■Yard, where prisoner s. J, "1 am Sir 
Roger Casement, and the or ly person to whom 
I have disclosed my identity is a priest at 
Tralee, in Ireland." I then cautioned him, 
anl later in the day be wa.s conveyed to Brix- 



ton Prison, and afterwards to the Tover of 
London. 

MOTOR CAR'S MOVEMENTS. 

Maurice Moriarty, motor car driver, stated 
that shortly before 11 o'clock on Good Fri- 
day morning he got his car ready for a Mr. 
Stack, a solicitor's clerk in Tralee. They 
started off, and a little way out stopped to 
pick up two men named Collins and Mulcahy. 
He identified the latter as the prisoner Bailey. 
They drove on through Ardfert to the Banna 
Strand, where a tyre burst. Sergeant Crowley 
came up and questioned them, and they then 
went on to Ballyheigue. On the way Mr. 
Stack stopped to speak to someone. .at a 
house, and Sergeant Crowley again rode up on 
a bicycle from Ballyheigue. They went on 
to the Causeway, where they were searched 




Photo by~l il,. a. a. 

DANIEL JULIAN BAILEY, who came over in 

the German submarine with Casement. 

by the police. They returned by another route 
to Tralee. Witness did not notice whether 
Bailey was in the car or not when they got 
tack. He had to stop on the road to fix the 
footboard of the car, and- Bailey got out then. 
In Tralee they stopped at the house of a Miss 
Slattery, in Rock street, and StacK and Col- 
lins went inside. 

SERGEANT CROWLEY. 
Sergeant Daniel Crowley, of the R.I.C., sail 
fie saw the car driven by Moriarty, and qu_j- 
tionecl' the occupants. One of t.em, whom he 
recognised as Bailey, gave his name as David 
Mulcahy, of 44 Mountjoy street, Dublin. 
Another man gave the name of Stack, of 
Rock street, Tralee, and the third man de- 
scribed himself as Collins, accountant, Gene- 
ral i'Oot Cdice, Lubliu. 



134 



CONSTABLE COTTER. 

Constable George Cotter, R.I.C., said that 
on the 22nd April he obtained some informa- 
tion about a man, and in consequence searched 
for him in the neighbourhood of Killahan, 
with another constable. He saw a man who 
was a stranger to him, and, continued wit- 
ness, I asked him : " What are you doing 
about here?" He answered: "Nothing; I 
am just knocking around." I asked him where 
he slept the previous night, and he refused 
to tell me. I then asked him where he in- 
tended to sleep that night, and he refused to 
tell me. I asked him : " Where are your 
chums!" and he replied that he did not know. 
1 asked him where he came from, and he 
said : " From Dublin, on Thursday, on by 
motor car." I asked him the number the 
car bore, and he said he did not know. I 
asked him upon other points, and he refused 
to answer my questions. I then arrested him 
under the Defence cf the Realm Regulations. 
At the police barracks he searched' the 
prisoner, and found ten sovereigns tied up in 
a handkerchief, 31s. in silver, and some 
copper, as well as- a notebook, and a piece of 
paper on which was written " The Castle, 
near Tralee, is quite a quaint old structure of 
stone." The man arrested was the prisoner, 
bailey? Yes, sir. 

DETECTIVE INSPECTOR O'CONNELL. 

Detective Inspector Daniel O'Connell, Nev 
Scotland Yard, deposed that on April 28th 
he went over to Dublin and received the 
prisoner Bailev into custodv at the Depot 
of the R.IC. in Phoenix Park. 

DETECTIVE INSPECTOR PARKER. 

Detective Inspector Parker, recalled, gave 
further detailed evidence as to several of the 
exhibits. A leather satchel bag contained 
some pistol ammunition, a Hash lamp, and 
other .articles enumerated in a li«t attached 
to the bag. In a blacK bag were certain maps 
and portions of maps, a green flag with a 
Latin motto, forty rounds of ammunition, a 
flash lamp, notebook, etc., explaining some of 
the maps. Witness said that there were two 
maps of Ireland, made up into fourteen sec- 
tions, each section being numbered and bear- 
ing the name of a district. On number 14 
was a list of the different sections. 
THE ARMS SHIP. 

Sidney Ray Wagboru, leading signalman on 
II. M.S. Bluebell, slated that on Good Friday 
he was on board that ship on the south-east 
coast of Ireland. The snip was on patrol 
duty. About six o'clock in the evening 
another t-hip was sighted flying the Nor- 
wegian colours, and having the Norwegian 
colours painted on hr sides. 

\\ itness said he was ordered to 'signal and 
n«'< the name and destination of the ship. 
She signalled back that her name was Aud, 
and she was bound from Bergen to Genoa. 
She was told to follow the Bluebell, which 
was then, roughly speaking, over 130 miles 
from Queenptown. They were about 90 miles 
from hr i. I he ship did not iollow as she 
v- ordered until a shot wa* tired. Near the 
entrance to C]uee:.slo.vu Harbour the Aud 



stopped her engines, when the Bluebell was 
about a cable's length away. When witness 
looked back he saw smoke issuing from t«*e 
after-hold of the Aud on the starboard side. 
At the same time two German ensigns were 
flown at the masthead. Two boats were 
lowered, and rowed towards the Bluebell. 
The latter fired a round, and the boats showed 
two flags of truce, and the occupants put their 
hands up. They were ta^e:^ on board a3 
prisoners. They were German bluejackets, 
and wore German uniforms. Inere were 
twenty-three of them, and they were placed' 
under an armed guard on board the Bluebell. . 
The Aud sank in ten minutes, one and a 
quarter miles south-east of the Daunt Light- 
ship. 

ADMIRALTY DIVER'S ACCOUNT. 

John Dempsey, of Ringaskiddy, Co. Cork, 
an Admiralty diver, stated that on May 10th 
he received instructions to go from Queens- 
town to the wreck of the ship, whoso position 
was marked by a buoy. The ship had sunk 
in from 17g to 20 fathoms of water. He in- 
spected the wreck, and found that the vessel 
had the Norwegian flag painted on her side. 
There was a hole in the side of the ship 
12 to 14 feet in diameter, and abreast of the 
hole, on the bed of the sea, were rifles and 
ammunition. He brought up one of the rifles. 

The rifle, with a rusty barrel, was pro- 
duced in court, together with a number of 
broken, sea-stained rifle butts, a bayonet case, 
and a cartridge, which witness had also found 
on the wreck. 

HOW BAILEY BEHAVED. 

At the sitting of the Court on Wednesday, 
17th May, 

Constable George Carter, R.I.C., was re- 
called, and, in cross-examination by Mr. 
Artemus Jones, said that when he asked 
Bailey for his name at Abbeyderncv l'olice 
Station he at first refused to give it. He 
was taken to the police station about 6 p.m. 
on the Saturday, and remained there all day 
on Sunday. Constables were walking about 
the room in which he was kept, and he saw 
Bailey talking to them and heard him say: 
" 1 have some important information to p-ive, 
which will give you fellows something to do." 
RUSSIAN OFFICER'S EVIDENCE. 

Colonel N. Belaeiw, an officer in the Rus- 
sian Army, was then called by Mr. 
Humphreys to describe the make of some of 
the munition exhibits. He was in mufti, 
and said he was a member of the Russian 
Supply Committee. Shown a rifle, much the 
worse for wear and asked if it was a Russian 
weapon, the witness, after examining it 
carefully, said " Yes." It had been manu- 
factured at the Russian Imperial Tonla Rifle 
Works in 1905. Each rifle manufactured by 
the Russian Imperial Works, he explained, 
bo;e a certain number, and the number of 
this special rifle was tQ l T8. 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL CORDON. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Philip James Gordon, 
attached to the Directorate of Military In- 
telligence at the War Office, was called to 
fspeak to certain portions of maps which he 



135 



was given to examine. In his opinion, these 
were not printed in the United' Kingdom.' 
'Inere were some roads on one map which 
are not used on the ordnance survey map. 
There were special patches of colour shown on 
one map in the neighbourhood of garrisons in 
Ireland, which are not shown on the English 
map. 

BAILEY'S MILITARY RECORD. 
Second Lieutenant James Leslie Biierley, 
Wilts Regiment, attached to the Adjutant- 
General's Staff at the War Office, said 
Daniel Bailey enlisted on April 7, 
1904, at Dublin. lie served eight years and 
357 days, of which five years and 328 day3 
were served abroad. He was transferred to 
the Army Reserve at Gosport on March 29th, 
1913, and was mobilised at Belfast on August 
5th, 1914, being posted to the 2nd Battalion 
of his own regiment. He is shown on the 
official papers as a prisoner of war in Bel- 
gium, and they also showed a good record. 

BAILEY'S STATEMENT TO SERGEANT 
BESTICK. 

Sergeant Bestick, of the Rryal Irish Con- 
stabulary, said that a man wh'Mn he knew as 
David Alulcahy (who turned out to be Bailey) 
was detained at Abbeyderney Barracks on 
April 23rd, and witness made inquiries of him. 
After he had done so, witness went into his 
own private room, and the man asked to see 
him privately. He said : " I will tell you 
some of the truth. 1 came over from America 
under false colours. I joined a society there. 
1 do not want any person to know who I 
am." Witness told the man he would be de- 
tained, and his photograph would be taken, 
and inquiries made. Alter an interval of 
about a quarter of an hour the man again 
asked to see witness, and added : " Can I get 
free if I tell the truth?" Witness said he 
could not guarantee that he would get free, 
but he guaranteed he would get protection. 
The man said he was afraid to make a state- 
ment, but he did not say of whom he was 
afraid. Witness told him the superior officer 
would be there soon, and the man said : 
"Send for him quickly. To-morrow may be 
too late, as I have important information." 
Inspector Brittain arrived at nit two hours- 
later, and saw the prisoner Bailey. In reply 
to his question the inspector said he would 
guarantee protection, but not that the man 
would go free. The man then gave the in- 
spector the name of a boat which was to 
reach Ireland the following morning. 

Cross-examined by Mr. Artemus Jones, wit- 
ness said that he had treated the man as Mul- 
cany, and did not press him for his real name. 

Mr. Jones — Did you say to him : "If you 
'don't say who you are we will publish your 
photograph and find out?" No. 

Witness said he did not know until about 
ft week later that the man who was captured 
was Sir Roger Casement. 

Mr. Jones — Did you. in talking to this man, 
use these words : " We have got the other 
fellow. We know he is Sir Roger Casement, 
and we know all about it? " No. 

V You had best make a statement to save 
yourself? " No,, 



I suggest that he asked to be allowed to sea 
the military authorities? No. 

Mr. Jones — I put it to you, sergeant, that at 
that time you were pressing him to make a 
statement, but he refused ? No. 

There is no doubt he was in a very anxious 
frame of mind at that time? Yes. 

In great trouble? He seemed to be. 

And you agree with me he was very anxious 
to save his own skin? Well; I can't say that. 
He asked me if I could get him free. I told 
him I could not give him a guarantee I could 
get him free. 

Counsel — Let me give his version. You 
said to him— " I can't guarantee you will get 
no punishment, but I can assure you it will be 
all right?" No; I did not say that. 

Bailey here wrote a note and passed it to 
his counsel, who continued—" Before you 
telephoned to the inspector, did he tell you 
he would mak/? a statement if you would give 
him a guarantee?" 

Witness— No. 

Counsel — The first thing he asked the In- 
spector when he arrived was about the guar- 
antee? Y"es ; all the Inspector said was that 
he would guarantee him protection. 

DISTRICT INSPECTOR BRITTAIN. 

District Inspector Brittain, R.I.C., said that 
at half-past one on April 23rd, he received a 
message from Sergeant Bestick, and arrived at 
Abbeydorney about four o'clock. In company 
with Sergeant Bestick he saw Bailey. I told 
him who I was, witness continued, and 6aid 
"I understand you sent for me, and wish 
to givs me some information. Y T ou understand 
that what you tell me is quite voluntary." I 
believed him at the time to be David Mul- 
cahy. He asked me if I would guarantee him 
protection. I told him that of course I would 
He asked me then if I would guarantee him 
against punishment. I told him it was not in 
my power to do that. He then told me that 
his information was of the utmost importance, 
and would not wait a minute. " In fact," h/> 
said, "it may be too late already." He again 
asked me to guarantee him against punish- 
ment. I told him again it was not in my 
power to do so," but that I could bring his 
request under notice, and no doubt it would 
be considered. He then told me that a 
Wilson liner which was captured by the Ger- 
mans at the beginning of the war 

The Attorney-General interrupted at this 
point. "I may say," he said, "that I have 
had a letter from a member of the Wilson 
firm, who are reasonably anxious that it 
should be made clear that this was a vessel 
that had been captured by the Germans." 

Witness continued — Bailey told me this 
vessel was to be piloted into Fenit the follow- 
ing Monday morning, or perhaps sooner — if 
possible that night — with 20,000 rifles, over a 
million rounds of ammunition, ten machine 
guns (two ready for action), bombs, and fire- 
bombs. He then said there was to be a 
general rising in Ireland simultaneously,, and 
that Dublin Castle was to be attacked or 
raided He described to me the lights which 
the pilot would carry — two green lights — and 
said the boat was to lie outside. 1 knew 



1*6 




CLEAR ISLAND/"? 



.This map shows the place wher3 Casement landed from the German submarine, and the 
tort at which he was arrested. 



137 




This map shows the spot where the we3sel with tha arms from Germany was sunK, 



133 



by this time that a vessel supposed to contain 
arms and ammunition had been sunk. He 
said "No, that could not be. The boat was 
not to come in until Monday or to-night." I 
then questioned him as to how he knew, and 
he then told me his name, and said he was 
one of three, the "others being Casement and 
Monteith. He also told me "that he landed 
from a German submarine or. Friday morning. 
I told him that I would take a statement in m 
him in writing later on, and I left him to take 
some telegrams. On return I told him I 
would take a statement from him if he was 
still m illing to give it to me. He asked me if 
I would promise on my honour net to publish 
it -while he was in the neighbourhood. T 
told him I would not. He also asked me if I 
■ would move him away from there as soon as 
possible, and I told him I would. Ths 
statement he gave to me himself. I ques- 
tioned him myself, but only to keep his narra- 
tive in some sort of order. 

MR. JONES RAISES AN OBJECTION. 

At this point Mr. Jones rose and objected 
to the admissibility of the statement on the 
grounds that there existed in the case certain 
conditions which vitiated anything in the 
nature of a confession. 

Sir Frederick Smith submitted that the 
statement was evidence. 

Sir John Dickinson 6aid it was clear that a 
confession to be admissisble must be free and 
voluntary, and there must be no promise of 
any kind of favour or assistance or threat. 
It seemed to him, upon the evidence, that the 
man was wishful to make a statement which 
might or might not be a protection to him 
in the future. But he was anxious to make 
it, and also to be protected from the result of 
the statement. As he was told that anv state- 
ment must be an entirelv voluntary cne, he 
(Sir John Dickinson) could not hold lhat there 
was any inducement to him to make a statc- 
irent. 

The District Inspector, resuming his evi- 
dence, said that when he had taken the state- 
ment Bailey said — "If you bring it 
in evidence I will go back on 
it " Witness said — "What else do 

you suppose I wrote it down for?" 
After taking the stalement, witness f.eiit an 
escort for Bailey, and lie was brought to 
Tra!":. In the sleeve pocket of one of the 
three overcoats picked up on the cr.nd he 
found a sleeping car ticket from Berlin to 
Wilhelmshaven. It was dated April 11-12, 
1916. 

Cross-examined by Mr. J^nes, witness said 
that after Bestick left the room he remained 
with Bailey about m Tmnr and a half. He 
was at Arelfert on the Good' Friday, and there 
f.-iw Sir Roger Casement, though' he did not 
then know his identity. He had a very good 
idea, but he didn't know for certain. He 
meant when he said bo would give him pro- 
tction that it would be from any violence in 
th neighbourhood. 

SIR ROGER CASEMENTS PENS30N. 

John Anthony Cecil Tilley, Chief "lerk at 
the Foreign Office, produced a ietter elated 



June 19th, 1911, written by Sir Roger Case- 
ment to Sir Edward Grey in acknowledgment 
of his knighthood. It was addressed from 
" The Savoy," Denham, Bucks. The letter 
was not read, Mr. Travers Humphreys re- 
marking that it had already been given in the 
Attorney-General's opening statement. Wit- 
ness also produced from the Foreign Office 
records the official history of Sir Roger Case- 
ment, and said that afte- September 30th, 
1914, the pension of Sir Roger Casement was 
stopped by direction of the Treasury. 

Replying to Mr. Jones, the witness said he 
did not know that the order suspending Sir 
Roger Casement's pension was not made until 
February, 1915, nor that the quarterly pen- 
sion from June to September, 1914, is still 
lying in Sir Roger Casement's bank. The 
amount of Sir Roger Casement's pension, was 
£421 13s. 4d. a year. 

Joseph Brennan, of Sallins, Co. Clare, for- 
merly a private in the Irish Guards, was the 
last witness called. He said that he wc::t to 
France about the end of August, 1914, and 
was taken prisoner by the Germans after 
being wounded on September 6th of that yoar. 
He w T as conveyed bncL to a field hospital, and 
then to Cologne, afterwards being transferred 
to Metzberg, and then to Limberg. He 
reached the camp at the latter place in Feb- 
ruary, 1915, and found there a large number 
of Irish pFi*>acrs. While there he was not 
individual^ s44ressed by anyone, but he 
heard a m«*s T»*kp a speech to a number of 
the prisoner. He recognised him a^ Sk 
Roger Casement in the dock. 

Witness added that he did not hear vhat 
Sir Roger Casement said to the men. an J did 
not hear him addressing any of the Irish pri- 
soners. 

Sir John Dickinson then formally charged 
the accused with high treason, and committed 
them for trial at a place a..J time t^ be fixed 
thereafter. 



THE T£7*L. 

Sir Roger Casement was placed on his trial 
at the Royal Courts of Justice in ~»onJoa 
on Monday, 2Cth June, on a charge of high 
treason. His judges were the Lord «-ni?f 
Justice (Lord Reading), JV» r. Justice Avory, 
and Mr. Justice Horndge. He had an 
imposing array of legal representativss 
who were led by Serjeant Sullivan, an Irish 
K C, and a member of the English Junior 
Bar. With him were Mr. Artemus Jones, and 
Professor J. H. Morgan, who watched the in- 
terests of accused before the magistrate at 
Bow street, and a distinguished American 
lawyer, Mr. Francis Doyle, was present in an 
advisory capacity. For the Crown there 
appeared the Attorney- General (Sir Frederick 
Smith), the Solicitor-General (Sir George 
Cave), and Mr. Bodkin and Mr. Travers 
Humphreys, well known representatives of 
the Director of Public Prosecutions, in cases 
of lesser importance. The trial was beard 
in the Lord Chief Justice's Court, the largest 
court in the building, but not nearly adequate 
to accommodate all those members of th* 






139 



general public who would have nocked to the 
proceedings as to a public spectacle. 

Casement, deprived then of the fellowship 
in the dock of Bailey, the ex-soldier, 
was a new Casement — debonnair and confident, 
fashionably dressed' in a braided morning coat, 
with vest slip, dark tie, his hair carefully 
tended and his beard trimmed — once more the 
cultured civil servant. His sensitive face had" 
lost its wonted air of brooding, and his entiy 
to the court between the parted green curtains 
was an object lesson in careless grace of move 
ment. 

The master of the Crown Office, in the 
place usually occupied by the Clerk, read the 
long indictment, and Casement listened, one 
hand in his trouser's pocket, the other hold- 
ing his chin, apparently but faintly in- 
terested. 

THE CHARGE. 

The indictment against him was in the fol- 
lowing terms : — 

" Sir Roger David Casement, otherwise 
known as Sir Roger Casement. Knight, on the 
1st December, 1914, and on divers other davs 
thereafter, and between that day and the 21st 
April, 1916, being then to wit, on the said 
several days a British subject, and whilst, on 
the said several days an open and public war 
was being: prosecuted and carried on by the 
German Emperor and his subjects against our 
lord the King and his subjects, then and on 
the said several days traitorous.lv contriving 
and intending to aid and ass ; st the said 
enemies of our lord the King, aeainst our lord 
the King and his subiects, did traitorously 
adhere to and did comfort the said enemies 
in parts beyond the seas, without this realm 
of England, to wit, in the Empire of Ger- 
many." 

ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S STATEMENT. 

The Attorney-General then rose to open the 
case for the Crown. He said that the charge 
against the prisoner was the grnv.?st known to 
the law. The law of treason was principally 
founded upon a statute as old as the reign of 
King Edward 111. In this case the Crown 
alleged that the prisoner had been guilty of 
the most heinous crime — that he had adhered 
to the King's enemies, and had attempted to 
seduce His Majesty's soldiers from their 
allegiance. It will be for you to say, con- 
tinued the Attorney-General, if the case is 
proved, whether there are any extenuating 
circumstances, or whether it is aggravated 
by the relationship in which he formerly 
stood to the Sovereign, whom he has betrayed 
and the country which he has struck. The 
Attorney-General described' Casement as an 
able and cultivated man, versed in affairs, and 
experienced in political matters. He was not 
a lifelong rebel against England, and all that 
England stood for, as others well known in 
history had been. His career had not been 
without public distinction, and the earlier 
etages of it, it might even now be remem- 
bered to his credit, were directed, not to the 
destruction of the power of this great Em- 
pire, but to its consolidation and development. 
The Attorney-General next proceeded to out- 
line the career of Casement, mainly dealing 



with the Consular posts which lie had filled, 
and to his inquiries relative to the rubber 
industry while he was Consul-General at Rio 
de Janeiro. In 1905 he was made a G'.M.G. 
in recognition of his public services, and in 
1911 he was made a Knight and received the 
Coronation medal. After a career of public 
usefulness he was retired on a pension. 
A WELL-EARNED PENSION. 

This pension, said the Attorney-General, 
had been honourably earned, and it would, 
therefore, be neither necessary nor proper to 
refer to it, were it not for the sinister and 
wicked activities of the period which I am 
approaching. The pension was drawn be- 
tween October 2nd, 1913, and October 7th, 
1914. Casement did not send in the necessary 
claim for it after the latter date, and at the 
same time the Treasury directed that it should 
cease to be paid. The Attorney-General then 
repeated the substance of his statement at 
the opening of the p -iceedings at Bow street, 
and concluded by saying that the prisoner, 
blinded by hatred t~> this country, as malig- 
nant in quality as sudden in origin, had 
played a desperate hazard : " He has played 
it, and he has lost it, and the forfeit is 
claimed." 

Evidence was then given by John Crone, 
of Cork, formerly a private in the Royal 
Munster Fusiliers ; Daniel O'Brien, formerly 
of the Leinster Regiment and the 19th 
Hussars ; Corporal John Robinson,' Belfast, 
R.A.M.C.; Michael O'Connor, a one-armed 
corporal of the Royal Irish Regiment ; 
Private Michael Moore. R.A.M.C who were 
prisoners of war in Germany, and heard Case- 
ment lecture the Irishmen in the camps. Their 
evidence was in substance the same as that 
given at Bow street. 

PRIVATE JOHN NEILL. 

John Neill, of the 18th Royal Irish, said 
that at Hanover a German General made a 
speech. 

Serjeant Sullivan objected to the speecn. 
as evidence, and this was upheld. 

Witness added that it was a very sm^l 
speech. (Laughter.) On one Sunday thev 
were supposed to go to Charch Service, but 
on reaching the barrack room ..'bey found 
Casement on a table getting ready for a 
speech. He had an Irish Brigade book in his 
hand. He said he was going away for a 
fortnight, and when he came back he wished 
to see fifty names in the hook. 

The Solicitor-General — Did he say who 
would take the Irish Brigade? 

Witness — The German Government. Witness 
then gave his recollection of Casement's 
speech. He said that Irishmen were all to 
join one brigade, and if Germany gained a 
naval victory it would land in Ireland, and 
strike a blow for old' Ireland once again to 
gain Home Rule. He also said that the Ger- 
mans very much liked tJe Irish, and the 
Irish very much liked the Germans. He also 
said that Ireland now had the strongest 
Power in the world at her back. No ona 
signed the book, and when Casement returnad 
from Berlin he said he was very dis- 



140 



uppointed. " What are you Irishmen think- 
ing of," he asked, " that you won't go and 
fight for your country at this time?" Case- 
ment told them that the Irish Brigade was 
first to help the Turks against the Russians ; 
secondly, the Germans against the British, 
and' then they were to go and shed their blood 
for their own native country. 

john McCarthy. 

At the sitting of the Court on Tuesday, 27th 
June, 

John McCarthy, farmer, of Currahane, 
said that at 2 o'clock on the morning of 21st 
April (Good Friday) he went about a mile 
from his home. The night was dark. He 
saw a' collapsible boat about twenty yards 
from the shore. In the boat he found a 
dagger, and on the bank a tin box. Ha saw 
a little girl playing with three revolvers. He 
gave the things he found to the police, who 
took them to the barracks. 

Cross-examined by Serjeant Sullivan, -wit- 
ness said he went out at that early hour to 
go to the holy well to say a few prayers. He 
was never saying prayers at that well before 

Mary Gorman, a servant, repeated her pre- 
vious evidence, and in answer to Serjeant 
Sullivan said her usual hour for being up 
was 4 o'clock in the morning. 

SERGEANT THOMAS HEARN, R.I.C. 

Sergeant Thomas John Hearn, R.I.C, 
stationed at Ardi'ert, after re-stating the evi- 
dence he gave at Bow street, was cross- 
examined by Serjeant Sullivan, in answer to 
whose questions he said that in 1914, before 
the war, there had been a considerable im- 
portation of arms. In consequence at what 
happened in the North of Ireland people were 
arming in the South, and bearing arms 
openly, without interference by the public 
authorities. Witness agiifed' that the sus- 
pension of the Home Rule Bill aggravated 
the unrest in the country. 

Constable Reilly, R.I.C, spoke of arresting 
Casement in the fort, and Martin Collins 
spoke to finding papers where he had seen 
the prisoner. 

DISTRICT INSPECTOR CRITTftlN. 

District Inspector Brittain, R.I.C, Tralee, 
produced a tirst class sleeping ticket tro n 
Berlin to Williamshaven, dated 11th 12th 
April. It was in the prisoner's pocket. 

Cross-examined, witness was taken through 
many speeches and articles published in Ihe 
Irish newspapers. One speech from the Irish 
Times of July 14th, 1313, pointed' out ;hab 
there was a majority of over thirty against 
the Home Rule Bill, and added : " We can 
rely upon tens of thousands of people in Eng- 
land who are prepared to assist us." The 
witness, failing to find the speech in the 
newspaper, asked whoso speech it was. 

Serjeant Sullivan — Oh, well, I could* giv9 
you the name, but 1 am a little diffident. 
(Laughter.) 

Counsel (reading) — "In their determination 
to resist they would have the support of thou- 
sands of people in England, amongst whom 1 
should have the pleasure of reckoning myself." 
Serjeant Sullivan added — The author of that is 



not here to earn his meed t ' praise at this 
moment. (Laughter.) 

Then, under the heading, " Sir Edward 
Carson," Serjeant Sullivan read : " He could 
add this, as a ^ord of partial assurance, that 
they had many powerful friends in England 
who thought as he did. That it was all very 
well to talk of the great forca which might 
be marshalled behind the Government, which 
could be used' in the event of extreme neces- 
sity in Ulster. The reply to that was that the 
forces of the Crown were the servants of 
the nation, and the employment of these 
forces would be a monstrous crime." 

Serjeant Sullivan was m'oeeeding to read 
other extracts, but the Lord Chief Justi-e 
said that counsel had gone far enough. 

Leading Signalman Waghorn, of H.M S. 
Bluebell ; John Dempsey, diver ; Colonel 
Belaiey, of the Russian Army, and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Gordon, Intelligence Department, 
War Office, having repeated their previous 
evidence, the latter proved that the maps said 
to. have been dropped by Casement were pro- 
cess copies of the Ordnance Survey maps of 
Ireland. The maps closely resembled the 
maps of Middle Europe prepared by the 
German Government. 

APPLICATION TO QUASH THE INDICTMENT. 

Serjeant Sullivan rose to argue his 
case for quashing the indictment, the 
matter having been raised by him at the 
opening of the case, but postponed at the 
suggestion of the Court. His point was 
tnat the indictment disclosed no offence 
known to the law and tryable before the 
Court. He would, he said, have to occupy 
a considerable time, and he was surrounded 
by piles of law books, from which, when he 
began, he quoted precedents going back to 
the earliest time 

The Lord Ofekl Justice said that whatever 
time Serjeant Sullivan required was at bis 
disposal, as it was essential that he should 
have all the time he wished. 

Serjeant Sullivan had not concluded his 
argument when the Court adjourned. 

At the sitting of the Court on Wednesday, 
28th June, 

Serjeant Sullivan asked that the argument 
for the defence might be resumed by Mr. 
Morgan, h« he himself felt a little taxed 
aftei hi* effort* on the previous dav. 

The Lord Chief Justice said that there was 
a difficulty in the way. The law provided 
for only two counsel when counsel were as- 
signed for the defence. The Court would, 
however, reserve the point, and allow Mr, 
Morgan to appear. 

Mr. Morgan contended that as far back as 
Philip and Mary, no offence committed out- 
side the Realm was triable here by the Courts 
of common law. The evidence was over- 
whelming. 

The Attorney-General submitted that the 
objection of the defence v as ill-founded, arid 
could not be supported. 

TH*t LORD CHIEF JUSTICE. 

The Lord Chief Justice said that a submrs- 
sion had been made by the counsel for the 



141 



defence — that the indictment should be 
quashed on the ground that it disclosed no 
offence known to the English law. Another 
way to put the same proposition was that 
the Court should rule, according to the 
contention of the defence, tkat the Crown 
had failed to prove any offence in law. The 
case advanced and supported by careful, well- 
reasoned, and able argument by Sir. Sullivan 
and those with him, was in effect that 
adherence to the King's enemies without the 
realm was not an offence against the Statute 
of Edward HI., 1351. The argument was 
that the Court must construe the Statute of 
1351, and must pay no regard to any com- 
mentary that may have been made by learned 
authors in the past, however distinguished, 
in arriving at the meaning of the words — - 
that the Court inust interpret the words of 
the Statute was beyond question. That they 
were not entitled to do violence to the words 
of the Statute might be assumed. But if the 
words of the Statute were not clear, and if 
it were possible to construe the Statute in 
two different ways, then the comments of 
great lawyers, masters of the common law, 
during the last threo or four centuries, could 
not be allowed to pass without the greatest 
regard and consideration. He had no hesita- 
tion himself in stp.ting that if a man adhered 
to the King's enemies without the realm he 
committed the offenco of treason at common 
law, notwithstanding that the offence was 
committed without the realm. The State 
assumed that the offencu of treason could 1 e 
committed without the realm, and the 
Statute of Henry VIII. provided for it. The 
doubts that had arisen from beginning to 
end, so far as they bad been able to trace 
them, were never as to the offence, but only 
as to the venue. He bad come to the con- 
clusion that the offence, if proved in fact, 
had been committed in law. Notwithstanding 
the learned and able arguments that had been 
put forward, the motion mu«t be refused. 
Justices Avory and Horridge concurred. 

SIR ROGER nn5F!|JEN-'S PERSONAL 
STATEMENT. 

After luncheon the Lord Chief Justice told 
the jury that the statement the prisoner 
wished to make was not upon oath, and he 
could' not be cross-examined. 

Sir Roger Casement then rose in the dock, 
and sought, and obtained, the consent of the 
Court to his reading the statement : — 

My lords and gentlemen of the jury, he 
commenced, softly, I desire to eay a few 
words only with reference to some allusions 
made by the prosecution. As to my pension 
and the honour of knighthood conferred upon 
me, I shall say one word only. The pension 
I had earned by services rendered, and it was 
assigned by law. The knighthood it was not 
in my power to refuse. But there are mis- 
statements given in the evidence against me 
which I shall refute. First — I never at any time 
advised Irishmen to tight with Turks against 
•RiiM-ians, nor to fight with the Germans 
ot the Western front. Second— I never asked 
an Irishman to fight for Germany. 1 have 



always claimed that he has no right to fight 
for any land but Ireland. Third— The hor- 
rible insinuation that I got my own people's 
rations reduced to starvation point because 
they did not join the Irish Brigade is an 
abominable falsehood. Rations were neces- 
sarily reduced throughout Germany owing to 
the blockade, and they were reduced to Irish 
prisoners at exactly the same time and to the 
same extent as for the German soldiers and 
the entire population of Germany. The other 
suggestion that men were sent to punishment 
camps at my instance for not joining the Irish 
Brigade is one I need hardly pause to refute. 
It is devoid of all foundation. Fourth- 
There is a widespread imputation of German 
gold. I owe it to those in Ireland who are 
assailed with me on this very ground to nail 
this lie once for all. It was published in the 
newspapers in America, and originated in this 
country, and I cabled to America and in- 
structed my American law T yer to proceed 
against those papers for libel. Those who 
know me know the incredibility of this 
malicious invention. Th'-y know from my 
past record that I have never sold myself to 
any man or any Government. From the first 
moment I landed on the Continent until I 
came home again to Ireland I neither asked 
nor accepted a single penny of foreign money, 
either for myself or for any Trish cause, nor 
for any purpose whatever, but only the money 
of Irishmen. I refute so obvious a slander, 
because it was so often made until I came 
back. 

MONEY OFFERED !N GERMANY. 
Money was offered to me in Germany more 
than once, and offered liberally and uncondi- 
tionally, but I rejected every suggestion of 
that kind, and I left Germany a poorer man 
than I entered it. Money I could always ob- 
tain from my own countrymen, and I am not 
ashamed here to acknowledge the debt of 
gratitude I owe to many Irish friends and 
sympathisers who did freely and gladly help 
me when I was on the Continent. I take 
the opportunity here of stating how deeply 
1 have been touched by the generosity 
and loyalty of those English friends of 
mine, who have given me proof of their 
atiding friendship during these last dark 
weeks of strain and trial. I trust, gentlemen 
of the jury, that 1 have made that statement 
clearly and emphatically enough for all men, 
even for my most bitter enemies, to compre-. 
hend that a man who in the newspapers b 
just another Irish traitor may be a gentleman^ 
There is another matter I wish to touch on. 
The Attorney-General for England thought ifc 
consistent with the tradition of which he is 
the public representative to make a veiled al« 
lusion, in his opening address, to the rising in 
Ireland, of which he has brought forward no 
evidence in this case, from first to last, and 
to which, therefore, you and I, as laymen, 
would have supposed that he would have 
scrupulously refrained from referring. Sine© 
the rising has been mentioned, however, I 
must state categorically thaWth* rebellion was 
not made in Germany, that it was not 
directed from Germany, that it was not ia* 



142 



spired from Germany, and that not one penny 
of German gold went to finance it. Gentle- 
men, I have touched on these personal matters 
alone because they were intended to reflect on 
my honour, and calculated to tarnish the 
cause that I hold dear. 

When he had finished reading, Sir Roger 
Casement quietly thanked the Court, and re- 
sumed his seat, his demeanour having ob- 
viously made an impression on the crowded 
coitri. 

MR. fcCRJSflNV SULLIVAN. 

Mr. Serjeant Sullivan then addressed the 
Court. He told the jury to put aside all pre- 
conceived notions arising from outside the 
court, and to remember that it was a trial for 
the life of a man, but more than that — Sir 
Roger Casement was not a countryman of 
theirs. He thought differently and acted 
differently, and that made the task of the 
jury by no means an easy one. They had to 
consider the motives and the intentions of a 
man who was not of their race. It was true 
fcflai Sir Roger Casement went to Germany. 
Bali did be ever ask any Irishman to fight for 
Germany? No; he asked them to join the 
Irfoh Brigade, to fight for their own land, 
and not one of the men to whom he spoke at 
Limburg had fired a shot for Germany. 
Counsel stated that there was no connection 
whatever between Sir Roger Casement and 
the ship which sank off Ireland. He objected 
to the statement of the Attorney-General that 
Sir Roger Casement was in the employment of 
England.. He was, said counsel, in the ser- 
vice of the British Empire. Then counsel 
went on to speak of the arming of Ulster and 
the landing of German rifles there, which at 
the end of the war would break up Ireland in 
two halves. It was to fight against this 
denial of Irish rights that the Irish Brigade 
was to be formed, especially as Ulster was 
using these things while the authorities were 
belp!ess. 

At this point the Attorney-General objected 
to the statements. There v as no evidence 
that German rifles were landed in the North 
of Ireland. 

The Lord Chief Justice said that the Cou t 
had allowed Mr. Suliivan great latitude, a* 
he had constantly referred to hntters which 
were not in evidence. 

Mr. Serjeant Sullivan, who had been speak- 
ing with great fervour, apjlogiscd. and re- 
sumed his address. He had not gone far 
before it was obvious that his strength was 
failing, and at last he told the Court that he 
was exhausted, and could go no farther. 

The Lord Chief Justice at once adjourned 
till the morning. 

Mr. Serjeant Sullivan sat quietly for a 
phort time, and, with the aid of restoratives, 
recovered sufficiently to be able to leave the 
court with his friends. 

MR. SERJEANT SULLIVAN ABSENT. 

When the case opened on Thursday, 18th 
June Serjeant Sullivan was not present, and 
sympathetic inquiries -were made by the 
Attorney-General and others. 

On the judges taking their peats, Mr. 
Artemus Jones rose, and said that his learned 



leader, on the advice of his doctor, could not 
be present, and he asked to be allowed to 
continue the speech of his leader. 

The Lord Chief Justice said he was sorry 
that Mr. Sullivan was not able to be present, 
but it was obvious that he was labouring 
under the strain of the previous day's pro- 
ceedings. 

The Court consented to Mr. Jones's applica- 
tion. 

Mr. Artemus Jones, addressing the jury, 
said Sir Roger Casement had played 
a part in consolidating the Empire. The 
Attorney-General had asked what had hap- 
pened to convert this loyal and dutiful son of 
the Empire to the man he was now said by 
the Crown to be. That was the question 
asked by the Attorney-General, and the 
answer was in the evidence and in the 
speeches which had been circulated in the 
Irish newspapers. He then proceeded to read 
certain passages to emphasise, as he said, that 
the state of things which prevailed in Ireland 
prior to the war must have gone on subse- 
• quently in Ireland. There was a community 
full of deep and btter memories of what they 
considered to be wrongs, and it was impor- 
tant for the jury to bear that fact in mind, 
because it was only when there were armed 
movements in the north that this loyal ser- 
vant of the Empire became connected with 
anything in the nature of arms. If the At- 
torney-General wanted a complete answer 
to the question he put, he (Mr. Jones) sug- 
gested that that answer might be found in 
the newspaper extracts which caused Sir 
Roger Casement to start the Irish National 
Volunteer movement. 

TH~ ATTORNEY-GENERAL. 

The Attorney-General paid a strking testi- 
mony to the ability of Serjeant Sullivan, and 
went on to ask — Why, at the very moment 
that Germany made her tiger spring at 
Europe, d d the prisoner go to Germany at 
all? How did he get there? What was the 
arrangement by which he went to Germany? 
How was it, when this country was at war with 
Germany, when Irish soldiers on the field of 
battle had been made prisoners by German 
arms—how was it that they found the prisoner 
for months a free man in Germany, moving 
without restriction in whatever part of Ger- 
many Irish soldiers were confined, without 
control, or interference, going among 
them and attempting to seduce them 
from their allegiance? No answer had been 
given to that question, and no answer could 
be given consistent with the integrity and in- 
nocence of the prisoner. 

THE LORD CHir? JUSTICE. 

The Lord Chief Justice, in summing up, 
said: — "This is a trial of supreme im- 
portance. The charge against the prisoner is 
the gravest known in law." Then, after a 
pause, he joined in the tribute to the way in 
which the case for the defence had been con- 
ducted, and made general recognition of the 
way in which all counsel had assisted the 
Court. His Lordship then got back to the 
enormity of the crime of treason. At all 



143 



times, he said, to betray the King — that is the 
State, that means the country, and that means 
those of us who are subject to the King, who 
live in a common society — is, and must ever 
be, the most odious charge. But treason in 
time of war, by adhering to the Kinsr's 
enemies, by aiding and comforting the King's 
. enemies when all persons in this country j,re 
making sacrifices to resist the enemy, when we 
are all combined, whatever our views may be, 
to defeat the common enemy — treason in these 
times is almost too grave for expression. It 
is because one must feel that, that I desire to 
caution you. in this case to judge of it, as all 
criminal cases must be considered and judged, 
calmly and dispassionately; and let me re- 
mind you that it is very necessary, in _i case 
of this description, where the defence have 
thought it right and necessary for the pur- 
poses of their case to introduce political con- 
siderations, to concentrate vour attention- 
closely and exclusively upon the evidence be- 
fore vou. Here let me tell you what has been 
said by the Attorney General, endorsing the 
view presented to yon by Mr, Sullivan, that 
ft is for the Crown to satisfv vou bevond 
reasonable doubt that the prisoner is guiltv of 
the charge against him. Jt is not for the de- 
fence to disprove it. 

POLITICS IN IRELAND. 

Proceeding, the Lord Chief Justice said 
thi-y had heard much about politics in Ire- 
Ian 1. For himself, he always felt anxietv in 
a court of justice when there was any possi- 
bility of the introduction of political passion. 
Justice was ever in jeopardy when passion was 
aroustl. They must pay no more attention to 
what la i Seen said with regard to the condi- 
tion of • and before the war and after the 
war th was necessarv in order to understand 
the cir umstances in this case, but more par- 
ticular! v to do justice to the defence which 
had be^-n set up. He urged them not to allow 
themse:ves to be influenced by any political 
opinion I cannot, said bis lordship, 
but th-nk that counsel for the defence 
paid the bishest compliment to the 
English ftar that could be imagined, when he 
had the courage to address you as he did 
yesterday upon Ireland. Jt is all to the good 
that it wis dene. He did it in the interests 
of his client, to present to you his client's 
point of view, so that you might be able to 
gauge his client's mind. Conrng to tne charge 
itself, his Lordship asked how, and under 
what circumstances, did the prisoner go to 
Germany. They had no evidence that he 
went there other than his overt acts. His 
Lordship explained the meaning of overt acts, 
and said that, although half-a-dozen might be 
charged, one t-vert act proved would call for 
a verdict of guilty: ' But before convicting 
the prisoner th^y must be satisfied of his in- 
tention and purpose. Counsel for the defence 
hod told them "ft was difficult to define Ike, 
mind of an Irish nan. You never really. &> d 
Ids Lordshipj can get at tba actual thswg&l 
passing throi.gh a wan's mind except by x>a- 
aidering his action. A man's intenti^ft* tJt 



to be, gathered from his acts, and he must b» 
held to have intended the natural and reason- 
able consequences of his act. It was open to 
the prisoner to go into the witness box anc| 
be cross-examined, but he did not do so. 
Why did the prisoner arrive in this way in 
Ireland? Why did he hide in a fort and giva 
a false name? Why did he carry a " code," 
and, more important, why did he drop that 
when arrested? How was it that Germany 
allowed him to leave Germany, and how was 
it that the ship was painted with the Nor- 
wegian colours, and that before she went 
down she flew the German flag? If arms had 
been landed in Ireland to help those who 
wished to create discontent at that time, it 
would have been very useful in assigtirg the 
enemy, and consequently would bo weakening 
the forces of the King. 

THE VERDICT. 

It was nearly three o'clock v hen 
the jury retired. In a few moments 
they sent for the original "code" and for a 
copy of the indictment. These were supplied 
to them, but the Lord Chief Justice refused 
to send them a copy of the evidence, which 
they also asked for. At ten minutes to four 
the judges returned. The jury soon fol- 
lowed, and Sir Roger Casement again entered 
the dock. 

The names of the jury having been called 
over, they were asked if they were fe^reed 
upon their verdict. The foreman said that 
they found the prisoner guilty. 

Sir Roger Casement was asked by the Clerk 
if he had anything to say why sentence of 
death should not be passed upon him accord- 
ing to law. 

THE PRISONER'S STATEMENT. 

Sir Ro<jer Casement then read a long sf;. la- 
ment. At first he appeared to be extremely 
nervous, but he grew more confident as he pro- 
ceeded. He said : — 

My Lord Chief Justice, as I wish my woHs 
to reach a much wider audience than I see be- 
fore me here, T intend to read all that I pro- 
pose to say. What I shall read now is some- 
thing I wrote more fian 20 days a<;o. Thc-rc ia 
"an objection, possibly not good in la 1 *;, tut 
surely good on moral grounds, against the ap- 
plication to me here of this old Cnglish statute, 
565 years old, that seeks to deprive an Irish- 
man to-day of life and honour, not for "adher- 
ing to the King's enemies," but for adhering 
to his own people. 

When this statute was passed in 1351, *,A>*t 
was the state of men's minds on the question 
of a far higher allegiance — that of man to Go<* 
and His Kingdom? The law of that d3,y did 1 
not permit a man to forsake his Church or 
deny his God save with '*M life. The "heretic" 
then had the samedgfca. •?? Abe "traitor." To- 
day a man may f&rswear God and His 
Iv2!v«nly ifc&Im without fear or peJSfti£$ &M 
wurtier alalia tea having p.re w** wn.f o* 
N*io'» *<ii~A» Against the C£r*Acia&»; hut thai 



144 



Constitutional phantom, " The Kng," can 
still dig up from the dungeons and torture- 
chambers of the Dark Ages a law that takes 
a man's life and limb for an exercise of con- 
science. 

If true religion rests on love, it is equatly 
true that loyalty rests on love. The law 1 
am charged under has no parentage in love 
and claims the allegiance of to-day on the 
ignorance and blindness of the past. I am 
being tried in truth not by my peers of the 
live present, but by the fears of the dead 
past ; not by the civilisation of the 20th cen- 
tury, but by the brutality of the 14th; not 
even by a statute framed in the language of 
the land that tries me, but emitted in the 
language of an enemy land — so antiquated is 
the law that must be sought to-day to slay an 
Irishman whose offence is that he puts Ire- 
land first ! 

Loyalty is a sentiment, not a law. It rests 
on love, not on restraint. The government of 
Ireiand by England rests on restraint and not 
on law ; and since it demands no love it can 
evoke no loyalty. 

THE DEAD HAND. 

But this statute is more absurd even than 
it is antiquated ; and if it be potent to hang 
one Irishman, it is still more potent to gibbet 
al' Englishmen. Edward III. was Ki/g not 
only of the Realm of England, but also of the 
Realm of France, and he was not King of Ire- 
land. Yet his dead hand to-day may pull the 
noose around the Irishman's neck whose So\e- 
reign he was not, but it can strain no strand 
around the Frenchman's throat whose Sove- 
reign he was. For centuries the successors 
of Edward III. claimed to be Kings of 
France, and quartered the aims of France 
on their Royal shield down to the Union with 
Ireland on January 1, 1801. Throughout 
these hundreds of years these " Kings of 
France" were constantly at war with 'heir 
Realm of France and their French subj'i 't-\ 
who should have gone from birth to death 
with an obvious fear of treason before their 
eves. Hut uid they? Did the "Kings of 
..Finance," resident -here at Windsor, or in the 
■Tower of London, hang, draw, an J quarter 
as a traitor every Fienchman for 400 years 
who fell into their hands with arms in his 
hands? On the contrary, they received Em- 
bassies of these traitors, presents from these 
traitors, even knighthood itself at the hapds 
of these traitors, feasted with them, tilted with 
them, fought with tl em — but did not assassi- 
nate them by law. 

Judicial assassination, to-day is reserved 
only for pie race of the King's subjects: for 
Irishmen; for those who cannot forget their 
allegiance to the Realm of Ireland. The 
. 3 : ngs of England', as such, had no- rights in 
Ireland up to the time of Henry YT1L, save 
such as rested on compact ana mutual ah*.*- 
Ration entered into between them, and r^yt&is 
Jrinces, chiefs, and lords of Ireland. Th'.j 
form of leg-j.1 right, such as it was, gave no 
£.ing of England lawful power to impeach an 



Irishman for high treason under this statute 
of King Edward III. of England until an 
Irish Act, known as Poyning's Law, the 10th 
of Henry VII., was passed in 1494, at Drog- 
heda, by the Parliament of the Pale in Ire- 
land and enacted as law in that part of Ire- 
land. But if by Poyning's Law an Irishman 
of the Pale could be indicted for high ueason 
under this Act. he could be indicted only in 
one way and before one tribunal — by the laws 
of the Realm of Ireland and in Ireland. The 
very law of Poyning, which, I believe, applies 
this statute of Edward III. to Ireland, enacted 
also for the Irishman's defence, "all those 
laws by which England claims her liberty." 

"A FOREIGN COURT." 

And what is the fundamental charter of an 
Englishman's liberty? That he shall be tried 
by his peers. With all respect 1 assert this 
Court is to me, an Irishman, charged with 
this offence, a foreign Court — this jury is 
for me, an Irishman, not a jury of 
" my peers to try me in this vital issue, for it 
is patent to every man of conscience that 1 
have a right, an indefeasible right, if tried at 
all under this statute of high treason, to be 
tried in Ireland', before an Irish Court and 
by an Irish jury. This Court, this jury, the 
public opinion of this country, England, can- 
not but be prejudiced in varying degrees 
against me, most of ail in time of war. I did 
not land in England. I landed in Ireland. It 
wn to Ireland I came ; to Ireland I wanted to 
come, and the last place I desired to land in 
was England. 

But for the Attorney -General of England 
there is only " England " — there is no Ire- 
land, there is only the law of England — no 
right of Ireland; the liberty of Ireland and 
of Irishmen is to be judged by the power of 
England. Yet for me, the Irish outlaw, 
there is a land of Ireland, a right of Ireland, 
and a charter for all Irishmen to appeal to, 
in the last resort, a charter that even the 
very statutes of England itself cannot deprive 
us <jf, nay more, a charter that Englishmen 
themselves assert as the fundamental bond of 
law that connects the two kingdoms. this 
charge of high treason involves ,a moral re- 
sponsibility, as the very terms of 'the indict- 
ment against myself recite, inasmuch as I 
committed the acts 1 am charged with to the 
"evil example of others in the like case.'' 
What was this "evil example" I get to 
others in " the like case," and who were 
these others? The "evil example" charge is 
that I asserted the rights of my own country, 
and the "others" I appealed to, .to aid my 
endeavour, were nr.y own countrymen..- The 
example was given not to Englishmen, but to 
Irishmen} and 1 the '"like ease"' can never 
arise in England, but <nly in Ireland. To 
'Englishmen' I set] no Cvi> example, for' I made 
n) appeal to them. 1 asked no Englishman 
t<; lie Ip. me. I askel Irishmen to fight Jot 
K.-.MT rights, 'the " et^l example" was ,only 
t« .other Irii&sier. *hr might come, after me 
.1 !;<£'£, '" like raso ' seek tq do as I did.. How, 
tiici, 'jit's neither niy" example nor my appeal 

F 2 



145 



was addressed to Englishmen, , can I be right- 
fully tried by them? 

APPEAL FOR AN IRISH TRIAL. 

If I did wrong in making that appeal to 
Irishmen to join with me in an effort to fight 
for Ireland, it is by Irishmen and by them 
alone I can be rightfully judged. From this 
Court and its jurisdiction I appeal to those I 
am alleged to have wronged, and to those 1 
am alleged to have injured by my " evil 
example," and claim that they alone are com- 
petent to decide my guilt or my innocence. If 
they find me guilty the statute may affix the 
penalty, but the statute does not override or 
annul my right to seek judgment at their 
hand's. This is so fundamental a right, so 
natural a right, so obvious a right, that it is 
clear the Crown were aware of it when they 
brought me by force and by stealth from Ire- 
land to this country. It was not I who 
landed in England, but the Crown who 
dragged me here, away from my own country 
to which I had returned with a price upon 
my head', away from my own countrymen 
whose loyalty is not in doubt, and safe from 
the judgment of my peers whose judgment I 
do not shrink from. I admit no other judg- 
ment but theirs. I accept no verdict save at 
their hands. 

I assert from this dock that I am being 
tried here not because it is just, but because 
it is unjust. Place me before a jury of my 
own countrymen, be it Protestant or Catholic, 
Unionist or Nationalist, Sinn Feinfach or 
Orangeman, and I shall accept the verdict and 
bow to the statute and all its penalties. But 
I shall accept no meaner finding against me 
than that of those whose loyalty 1 endangered 
by my example and to whom alone I made 
appeal. If they adjudge me guilty, then 
guilty I am. It is not 1 who am afraid of 
their verdict — it is the Crown. If this be 
aot so, why fear the test? I fear it not. I 
demand it as my right. 

That is the condemnation of English rule, 
of English-made law, of English government 
in Ireland, that it dare not rest on the will 
of the Irish people, tut exists in defiance of 
their will — that it is a rule derived not from 
right but from conquest. 

Conquest, my lord, gives no title — and if it 

exists over the body it fails over the mind. 

It can exert no empire over men's reason and 
ud'gment and affections ; and it is from this 
aw of conquest without title, to the reason, 

judgment, and affection of my own country - 

naen, that 1 appeal. 

SYMPATHY FROM AMERICA-. 

I would add, the generous expressions of 
sympathy extended to 3*9 froua so many 
quarters, paiticularly from A m erica, have 
touched rr } very ssrX'Sh. In that ossastry, as 
in noyowk, I ao ?urs my aaotivfcs are undeT 
'tood, foi V.hs achievement cf ii.eir iiberticv 
oas been t# abiJing isapiraUoa «® ki&fe33£ 



and to all elsewhere rightly struggling to b» 
tree. 

Mgr Lord Chief Justice, I am not called 
upon, 1 conceive, to say anything in answer 
io the inquiry your lordship has addressed to 
We why sentence should not be passed upon 
Bie. Sines I do not admit any verdict in this 
Court I csttnot, my lord, admit the fitness of 
tha sentenstj that of necessity must follow it 
from this CSurt. I hope 1 shall be acquitted 
of presumption if I say that the Court 1 see 
before me now is not this High Court, of 
Justice of England, but a far greater, a fat* 
higher, a far older assemblage of justices — 
that of the people of Ireland. feince in the 
acts which have led to this trial it was the 
pe<?ple of Ireland I sought to serve and them 
alone — I leave my judgment and my sentence 
in their hands. 

Let me pass from myself and my own fate 
to a far more pressing as it is a far 
more urgent theme — not the fate of 
the individual Irishman who may have tried' 
and failed, but the claims and the fate of the 
country that nas not failed. Ireland has out- 
lived the failure of all her hopes — and yet 
she still hopes. Ireland has seen her sons — 
aye, and her daughters, too — suffer from 
generation to generation always for the same 
cause, meeting always the same fate, and 
always at the hands of the same power ; and 
always a fresh generation has passed on to 
withstand the same oppression. For if Eng- 
lish authority- be omnipotent — a power, as* 
Mr. Gladstone phrased it, that reaches to the 
very endis of the earth— Irish hope exceeds the 
dimensions of that power, excels its authority, 
and renews with each generation the claims 
of the last. The cause that begets this 
indomitable persistency, the faculty of pre- 
serving through centuries of misery the re- 
membrance of lost liberty, this, surely,, is the 
noblest cause men ever strove for, ever lived 
for, ever died for. If this be the case I 
stand here to-dav indicted for and convi ted of 
sustaining, then 1 stand .in a g^dly comjjany 
and a right noble succession. 

THfl ULSTER VOLUNTEERS. 

My coutivrel has referred to the Ulster 
Volunteer lavement, and I will not touch at 
length upon that ground, save only to say 
this, that neither I nor any of the leaders 
of ' the Irish Volunteers, who were 
founded in Dublin in November, 1913, had 
any quarrel with the Ulster Volunteers as 
such, who v^ire born a year earlier. Our 
movement r^tJs not directed against them, but 
against thv> "ten who misused and misdirected 
the courage, the sincerity, and- the local 
patriotism of the men of the North of Ireland. 
The manf'Pto of the Irish Volunteers, pro- 
mulgate S^ a public meeting in Dublin on 
Novemboi &\ fSi3, stated with sincerity the 
aims of *>**« jrganisation as 1 have outlined 
them. 

%f^i ST 1 ?«re so necessary to make our 
S*rgaV,is<*';#» - i roality and to give to the 
to. id* of U *;*.-**«' "Jua-v-.tdd v\ith the most out- 
s' 3 



146 






rageous threats a sense of security, it was our 
bounden duty to get arms before Jill else. 
1 decided, with this end in view, to go to 
America, with surely a better right to appeal 
to Irishmen there for help in an hour of great 
national trial than those envoys of " Empire " 
could assert for their week-end descents upon 
Ireland, or their appeals to Germany. 

If, as the right hon'. gentleman, the present 
Attorney-General, asserted in a speech at 
Manchester, Nationalists would neither fight- 
for Home Rule nor pay for it, it was our duty 
to show him that we knew how to do both. 
Within a few weeks of my arrival in the 
States the fund that had been opened to 
secure arms for the Volunteers of Ird&Bd 
amounted to many thousands of pounds. In 
every case the money subscribed, whether it 
came from the purse of the wealthy man or 
thj still readier pocket of the poor man, 
was Irish gold. 

Then came the war. As Mr. Birrell said in 
L.s evidence recently laid before tee Om- ' 
mission of Inquiry into the causes of the late 
rebellion in Ireland, " the war upset all our 
calculations." It upset mine no less than 
Mr. Birrell's, and' put an end to my mission of 
peaceful effort in America. War between Great 
Britain and Germany meant, as I believed, 
ruin for all the hopes we had founded on the 
enrolment of the Irish Volunteers. A consti- 
tutional movement in Ireland is never very 
far from a breach rf the Constitution, as the 
loyalists of Ulster had' been so eager to show 
us. 

THH ROAD TO THE DOCK. 

The difference between us was that the 
Unionist champions chose a path they felt 
would lead to the Woolsack, while 1 went a 
road 1 knew must lead to the dock. And the 
event proves we were both right. The differ- 
ence between us was that my "treason " was 
based on a ruthless sincerity that forced me 
to attempt in time and season to cany out in 
action what 1 said in words— whereas their 
treason Ihv in verbal incitements that thev 
knew need never be made good in their 
bodies. Anr; so, I am prouder to stand here 
today in the traitor's dock to answer this 
impeachment than to fill the place of my 
righ honourable accusers. 

We have been told, we have been asked to 
hope that after this war Ireland will get 
Home Rule as a reward for the life-blood 
shed in a cause whoever else its success may 
benefit, can surely not benefit Ireland'. And 
what will Home Rule be in return for what 
its vague promise has taken, and still hopes 
to take, away from Ireland? Home Rule 
rihen it corner, if come it doe« will find an 
Ireland drained of all that is viiai to its very 
existence— unless it be that unquenchable 
hope we build on the graves of the dead". We 
are tolj that if Irishmen go by the thousand 
to die not for Ireland, but for I*'lai;de«, for 
Belgium, for a patch of sand on the dvserta 
Of A-e.->opotamia, or a rocky trencu on tho 



heights of Gallipoli, they are winning self- 
government for Ireland. But if they dare to 
lay down their lives on their native soil, if 
they dare to dream even that freedom can be 
won only at home by men resolved to fight for 
it there, then they are traitors to their 
country, and their dream and' their deaths 
alike are phases of a dishonourable fantasy. 

But history is not so recorded in other 
lands. In Ireland alone in tins 20th century 
is loyalty held to be a crime. If loyalty be- 
something less than love and more than law. 
then we have had enough of such loyalty 
for Ireland or Irishmen. Where all your 
rights become only an accumulated wrong; 
w : here men must beg with bated' breath for 
leave to subsist in their own land, to think 
their own thoughts, to sing their own songs, 
to garner the fruit of their own labours — 
and even while they beg to see these things 
inexorably withdrawn from them — then surely 
it is a braver, a saner, and a truer thing to be 
a rebel in act and deed against such circum- 
stances as this than tamely to accept it as 
the natural lot of men. 

Th3 prisoner, at the conclusion of his state- 
ment, addressing the jury, said that he wished 
to thank them for their verdict, and that his 
observations did not in any way reflect on 
their integrity. He maintained that he had 
a right to be tried in Ireland', and he asked 
them how any one of them would feel in a 
converse case if he had landed in England and 
had been carried' over to Ireland by stealth 
and under a false name to be tried in a 
country inflamed against him and believing 
him to be a criminal. 



SENTENCED TO DEATH. 

The Lord Chief Justice then assumed the 
black cap and passed sentence of death by 
hanging in the usual form. Casement paused' 
a moment to smile to friends in Court, and 
then disappeared below. 



DANIEL JULIAN BAILEY DISCHARGED. 

When Sir Roger Casement had left the 
dock, the soldier, Daniel Julian Bailey, was 
placed there on the same charge. 

He pleaded not guilty. 

As he had throMghout been but a 
subordinate, and had a good character in the 
Army, and having always denied any inten- 
tion of helping the enemy, but, in the words 
of the Attorney-General, took the course he 
did to git away from captivity in Germany, 
the Crown entered a nolle prosequi, and he 
v y *t once released. 

I" t Lord Chief Justice said that their lord- 
ship". c,*)tc concurred in the verdict of the 
jurj ^here was no other course open, to 
then* 

f 4 



147 



SIR ROGER CASEMENT DEGRADED. 

The following official statements were issued 
on Friday, 19th June: — 

The King has been pleased to direct the 
issue of Letters Patent under the Great Seal 
of tho United Kingdom degrading Sir Roger 
Casement, C.M.G., from the degree of Knight 
Bachelor. 

The King has. been pleased to direct that 
Sir Roger Casement, Knight, shall cease to be 
a member of the Most Distinguished Order of 
Saint Michael and Saint George, of which 
Order he was appointed a Companion in 1906, 
and that his name shall be erased from the 
register of the Order. 

APPEAL DISMISSED. 

Roger David Casement appealed on Mon- 
day, 17th July, to five judges against his 
conviction. He sat in the dock of the Court 
of Criminal Appeal, London, and listened with 
much interest to the proceedings. He was 
dressed in a grey suit, but did not look quite 
so smart as during his trial a few weeks ago. 
To the lay mind the day was one of ntense 
weariness, as nothing but ancient rolls and 
Statutes in Norman French and Latin, was 
read, and there was virtually nothing to re- 
lieve the monotony. 

Mr. Justice Darling presided, the other 
Judges being Justices Bray, A. L\ Lawrence, 
Scrutto.., and Atkm . 

The Ci'oa.i wao represented by *he At- 
torney-General (Sir Frederick Smith), the 
Solicitor-General (Sir George Cave), Mr. Bod- 
kin, Mr. Travers Humphreys, and Mr. Bran- 
son 

Counsel for the prisoner were Mr. Serjeant 
Sullivan, Professor Morgan, and Mr. Artemus 
Jonet 

SERJEANT SULLIVAN'S STATEMENT. 

Mr. Serjeant Sullivan said that tne prisoner 
was indicted under the Statute of Edward 
1L., the offence being stated in the following 
terms : — 

" Charged with high treason by adhering 
to the King's enemies elsewhere than in the 
King's realm — to' wit, in the Empire of Ger- 
many — contrary to the Treason Art, 1351, 
25th' Edward HI. 

The matter of the appeal, he said, would 
involve two questions — the first, whether the 
matter described in the charge was a triable 
offence within the Statute cited', and the se- 
cond point that would arise was as to whether 
the definition of the offence as given by the 
Lord Chiei Justice was accurate or detective 
as an instruction to the jury. Counsel argued 
his case at great length till the adjournment of 
the Court. 

On Tuesday, 18th, the five judges, headed 
by Mr. Justice Darling, took their seats on 
the bench, and Casement was brought into 
the dock by warders. This time he was look- 
ing verr wear^ from the long strain, but 
hrougho'i* itic day ne smiled to *. lady who 
tat n-ALT hi», and who evidently did all she 
- b) 2-es$4."-nsive smiles to cheer him. 



Serjeant Sullivan fought witn wonderful 
spirit for his client. He did not fear iaj at- 
tack the great lawyers of the past, ariose 
tomes were piled up before the judges for 
reference and guidance. His arguments 
rivetted the attention of their lordships, and 
although he did not succeed in winning his 
case the ,udge paid him a high compliment 
for the way 'n which he had sustained the 
greatest traditions of the King's Courts. 

Their lordships, when they returned after 
a brief retirement, told Sir Frederick Smith, 
the Attorney-General, that they need nofc 
trouble him to reply on behalf of the Crown: 
and after Mr. Justice Darling had dei.*erea 
judgment dismissing the appeal, Casemen* 
was taken back to prison. He smiled at friends 
in court, and waved them a goodbye. 

MR. JUSTICE DARLING ON TREASON. 

Mr. Justice Darling intimated that the 
Court did not want to trouble the Attorney- 
General, and then, having arranged a mass 
of law books, from which he quoted, he pro- 
ceeded to give judgment. He read to the 
Court the clause of the Act of Edward 111. 
in the Norman French, and then its transla- 
tion, pointing out that the words " or else- 
where," which in the indictment by the Clown 
meant "in the Empire of England," haa 
caused 1 all the trouble. But before going on 
his Lordship paid a high tribute to the way 
in which Mr. Serjeant Sullivan had conducted 
his case. The Cour. considered that i»ii\ 
Serjeant Sullivan's arguments were exceed- 
ingly well considered and well delivered, and 
were in every way worthy of the greatest 
traditions of the Kiig's Courts. It was from 
no want of 'respect to his argument that ti'.e 
Court did not call upon the Attorney-General. 
But the Court, having considered firlly and 
carefully every argument used by Mr. Ser- 
jeant Sullivan and tho authorities advanced, 
had' come to the conclusion that there was rid 
need to call for any refutation from the 
Crown. The main point raised in the argu- 
ment of Mr. Serjeant Sullivan, his Lordship 
said, was that this Statute had neither 
created nor declared that it was an offence in 
be adherent to the King's enemies beyond 
the realm of the Kin,,, and that the woirfs 
" giving aid and comfort outside the realm '" 
did not constitute a treason which could be 
tried in this country unless the person who 
gave the aid and comfort outside the realm — ■ 
in this case the Empire of Germany — was 
himself within the realm at the time when 
he gave that aid ana comfort, and, therefore, 
the person could not ha tried in any Courts afc 
all for what he had done in Germany unless 
he was himself actually resident within the 
realm of the King. That argument was 
founded on difficulties which must arise owing: 
to the doctrine of venue, under which poopla 
■were only triable within certain districts. Tha 
dearth of cases had been dwelt upon, but a 
guilty man would in all prefcnbility absenj 
himself altogether fcws. Jhe coujtry where he 
rvght be punished. Therefore, ihe Court waa 
kot very m^ch impraased wifcr tib* fact that 



.143 



Jiere was very little precedent for such a 
prosecution as this. But there was a large 
amount of authority for the proposition that 
what the jury had found, and what it was 
not contested, was done by this appellant, was 
an offence triable in the King's Bench. Mr. 
Serjeant Sullivan had said that the construc- 
tion was not a true one, but the Court agreed 
that a person, who, being within this country, 
gave aid and comfort tr> the King's enemies 
in this country, was adherent to the King's 
enemies, and if he was in this country and 
gave aid and comfort to the King's enemies 
outside, the Court agreed that he was then 
adherent to the King's enemies. But the 
Court thought that there was another offence, 
and that the words of the Statute meant some- 
thing more. 

MEANING OF THE STATUTE. 

The Court thought the meaning was this — 
that if a man gave aid and comfort to the 
King's enemies — and there were words in 
apposition to explain what was meant by 
"adhering to " — by adhering to the King's 
enemies in his realm, by giving them aid and 
comfort in this realm, or by adhering to the 
King's enemies elsewhere — that was, by giv- 
ing aid and' comfort elsewhere— he was equally 
adherent to the King s enemies, and if he was 
adherent to the King's enemies then he com- 
mitted treason which the Statute of Edward 
III. defined. The reason for that might be 
riven as follows : — The subject of a King owed 
nim allegiance, and tho allegiance followed 
the person of the subject. He was the King's 
liege wherever he lived, and he might violate 
his allegiance in any foreign country. It was 
known to the Court that there was a great 
deal of authority for the proposition that 
adherence outside the King's- dominions by a 
person himself outside constituted exemption. 
Many persons may have debated that such a 
person could have been tried, but there was 
ancient opinion for the proposition that it wa3 
treason to do what the appellant had been 
convicted of doing in this case. Mr. Serjeant 
Sullivan had asked the Court to simply take 
the Statute and read it as though they had 
seen it for the first time, and had said that 
this was the best way tc construe any Statute. 
It was a little difficult for any judge of the 
King's Bench to say that he read for the 
first time the Statute of Edward III. They 
must have read it before that. He did not 
know that the rule that Mr. Serjeant Sullivan 
laid down was an altogether acceptable one. 
The learned judge quoted a commentator to 
the effect that " long us'ign is presumed to be 
the true construction, ^n.I the long acquies- 
cence of the Legislature in its interpretation 
put upon this enactment might perhaps be re- 
garded as some sanction and approval of it." 
This Statute, his lordship went on to say, 
had' been understood long before that 6stj by 
lawyers of great learn i* ?f, by lawyers of very 
exceptional erudition, 2n fcha sense that the 
Court understood it. 1 leth njsfoority had been 
attacked by Mr. S«rj(*at Sniliranj who bad 
abo attack^' Lord Cake. But if the Court 



were to accede to Mr. Serjeant Sullivan's 
argument they would have to absolutely dis- 
regard the opinion- of Lord Coke and other 
legal authorities, great m*n, whose opinion 
had' been followed in many questions of ex- 
treme difficulty, which had puzzled lawyers 
for many years past, ihe Court did not think 
it necessary to give further reasons for the 
conclusion at which they had arrived'. The 
Court certainly did not rely on the recent 
case quoted by Mr. Serjeant Sullivan, simply 
for the reason that they were of opinion that 
ample authority for the conclusion to which 
the Courts came in that case was to be found 
m the decisions and' opinions of the great 
lawyers to whom he had already referred. It 
remains, remarked his lordship, in conclusion, 
to say that the appeal is dismissed. 
This ended the proceedings. 



SPECIAL SITTING OF APPEAL COURT. 

The Court of Criminal Appeal, London, con- 
vened in case it was desired to make an appeal 
on behalf of the convict Roger Casement, sat 
on Friday, 29th July, at the Royal Courts of 
Justice. It consisted of the five judges who 
disposed of Casement's appeal — Mr. Justice 
Darling (who presided), Mr. Justice Bray, Mr. 
Justice A. T. Lawrence, Mr. Justice Scrutton, 
and Mr. Justice Atkin. 

The Attorney-Gerierah Sir Frederick Smith, 
K.C., and the Solicitor-General, Sir George 
Cave, K.C., were early in the seats they 
usually occupy, but a long time after the Court 
was timed to sit no one had put in an appear- 
ance on behalf of Casement. The five judges 
took their seats just before half-past ten, and 
still the convicted man was apparently unre- 
presented. A few minutes were spent by Mr. 
Justice Darling in consulting his brother 
judges, and during the conversation he pulled 
out a sheaf of letters, and handed one or two 
sheets around the Bench for perusal. 

Mr. Justice Darling, addressing the Court, 
shid that the Court had assembled because 
they were informed some time ago by the 
King's Coroner that the solicitor representing 
the convict Casement had been to him, and 
proposed to make some application for the 
consideration of some points which were men- 
tioned in the notice of appeal, and which 
points Serjeant Sullivan stated in court 
publicly he abandoned, because having con- 
sidered them carefully, he had come to the 
conclusion that he could not ask the Court to 
quash the conviction upon the grounds con- 
tained under those heads. The Court had 
been in considerable doubt from day to day. 
They could not obtain definite information 
whether it was intended to make application 
to the Court or whether it was not. If it was 
to be made, now was the opportunity to malt* 
it. They had that day received a letter from 
the solicitor, saying that the King's Coroner 
had been informed quite definitely that the 
solicitor for the convict would not nroceed with 
the application, which he bad mentioned as a 
possible application. As the matter had be- 



143 



ne so public, and as people might not under- 
nd exactly what were the rights of t^f 

stion, he desired to say that what he said 
kV he was saying for the whole Court. They 
re in no way surprised when Serjeant Sulli- 
i rose, and said he abandoned those points 
ich were taken in the notice of appeal, and 
ich points he did not go into. It was con- 
zed to the King's Coroner — that was why 
> judges treated the matter so seriously — 
it Serjeant Sullivan had no authority from 
ise who instructed him to abandon those 
nts. Referring to the reason why the 
torney-General was not called upon by the 
urt to reply to Serjeant Sullivan's argu- 
nt, Mr. Justice Darling said be fv anted to 

the public know what the procedure was. 
e judges before they met to hear any ap- 
i.l read all the evidence, the notice of ap- 
il, and considered all the points which had 
n taken, and as far as they could make up 
ir minds without hearing the argument, 
y decided whether the points were good or 
3. The Court had come to the same con- 
sion as Serjeant Sullivan, that there was 
;hing in these points. Had they thought 
lerwise they would have called on the 
torney-General to argue them. It could 
dly be alleged with anything; approaching 
usibility that Serjeant Sullivan had not 
;hority to withdraw those points. There 
re present in court at the time the solicitor 
trueting Serjeant Sullivan and Lis two 
liors, and it was inconceivable that during 

the time that the Court was out discussing 

matters — twenty minutes— if Serjeant 

llivan had not had authority to withdraw 

points the solicitor and juniors should not 
ve told him so, and the Court should have 
n allowed to go away with the slightest 
imation that these points were not with- 

wn with the whole cognisance of everybody 
icerned for Casement. The Court felt that 
re should be no oort of misapprehension as 
what had tXTL.Ted in the case. 
tlr. Powell, K.C. having received permis- 
n to make e. personal explh nation, said he 
3 been retained to argue in the House of 
ids' the points of la w' arising on the' Edward' 
.'statute' of treason, if the Attorney-Gene- 
s' certificate could be obtained. He was re- 
lied 'for nothing' at that court, but was pre- 
1 at the request of their lordships. Mr. 
temus Jones, junior counsel for Casement, 
rev' for bne moment .contemplated 'making 1 
i application referred to. He had learned 
it' the 1 proper officer of the Court was in- 
m'e'd definitely by the prisoner's solicitor" 
>'days ago that the points were abandoned. 
W. '■ Justiqe Darling — This is really attack- 
: the King's Coroner. 

\lv. Powell said he wished to attack neither 
(.King's Coroner, ,who had .done, everything 

Qqul'd, nor any officer of his department. 
ttr, i. Justice. Darling added that he:, Mr. 
stiee Bray, 'and- Mr. Justice Scruttwj ^*ere, 
pointed step, by istep with ever? ;.s»{»,muni- ■ 
ion that had, ibeen roa4». fcs tike King's 
ronen . . , ■ ■ , i : ■•. j M , i ;.. 

The Court then rose. 



CASEMENT EXECUTED IN 
LONDON 

« 

ON THURSDAY, »rd AUGUST. 

Roger David Casement was executed in 
London on Thursday motrning, 3rd August. 

A large crowd of people assembled outside 
Pentonville Prison, and when at eight minutes 
past nine the prison bell tolled, members of 
the crowd exclaimed — "He has gone!" A 
second or two later th« bell pealed again, and 
a cheer went up, mostly from children. Ell.s 
was the executioner. 

A Roman Catholic priest who attended the 
condemned man at the execution afterwards 
informed a Press representative that Case- 
ment went to his death "strong and erect, 
like the man he was." The priest said a 
prayer, and Casement replied, " Into Thy 
hands, Lord, I commend my spirit." Later 
the condemned man said, "Lord Jesus, re- 
ceive my soul." Three official notices were 
afterwards posted on the prison doors. The 
first was a declaration that judgmert had 
been carried out in the presence of the Under- 
Sheriff for London, the Governor of the 
Prison, the Roman Catholic Chaplain of the 
prison, and others. Another notice stated :— 

" I, P. R. Mander, Surgeon of His Majesty's 
Prison of Pentonville, heieby certify that T, 
this dav, have examined the body of Roger 
David Casement, on whom judgment of death 
was this day executed in the said prison, and 
that on that examination I found that the 
said Roger David Casement was dead." 

" Dated this 3rd Day of August, 1916. 
"P. R. Mander." 

Another notice bore the signature, "A. R 
Preston, Under-sheriff of Middlesex." 

THE INQUEST. 

The inquest on the.boo'y of Casement was 
held in Pentonvif'.p Prison. Mr. Gavan Duff v. 
Casement's solictor, formally identified the 
body, and said that the deceased was '-etwee n 
50 and* 60. In reply to Mr. Duffy, the 
Coroner said the order for burial was issued 
;by him 1 and handed to the Governor of the 
prison. _ As to any matter beyond that, an 
application must be made to the authorities. 
Mr. Duffy said_ be had applied to the Home 
Office for permission to have the body. He 
considered it a monstrous act of indecency 
to refuse 'it; The Governor of the prison said 
Casement's .death was instantaneous. The 
Catholic; priests present performed tre ritea 
according to the Catholic faith. Mr. Mander, 
senior medical officer, was asked by' Mr. 
Duffy the result of his observation of Ca.»s- 
. ment, and if there was any troth' in the sng-- 
geition! made ia • ihe Press. Witness reoli-«i 
th A he saw' no evidence of insanity. A *w« 
dii^ at death du« to execution was ceLu£&*4 f 



150 



CASEMENT AS AGENT OF GERMANY. 



STATEMENT BY GOVERNMENT. 

The Press Bureau the same night announced 
that it was instructed to place the following 
statement at the disposal of the Press : — 

All the circumstances in the case of Roger 
Casement were carefully and repeatedly con- 
sidered by the Government before the decision 
was readied not to interfere with the sen- 
tence of the law. He was convicted and 
punished for treachery of the worst kind to 
the Empire he had served, and as a willing 
agent of Germany. 

The Irish rebellion resulted in much loss of 
life, both among soldiers and civilians. Case- 
ment invoked and organised German assist- 
ance to the insurrection. In addition, though 
himself for many years a British official, he 
undertook the task of trying to induce soldiers 
of the British Army, prisoners in the hands 
of fcermany. to foreswear their oaths of 
allegiance and join their country's enemies. 

Conclusive evidence has come into the hands 
of the Government since the trial that he had 
entered into an agreement with the German 
Government, which explicitly provided that 
the brigade which he was trying to raise from 
among the Irish soldier prisoners might be 
employed in r^gypt against the British Ciown. 
CRUELTY TO IRISH PRISONERS OF WAR. 

Those among the Irish soldiers, prisoners in 
Germany, who resisted Casement's solicita- 
tions of disloyalty were subjected to treatment 
of exceptional cruelty hy the Germans. Some 
of them have since been exchanged as in- 
valids, and have died in this country, regard 
ins Casement as their murderer. 

The suggestion that Casement left Germany 
for the purpose of trying to stop the Irish 
rising was not raised at the trial, and is con- 
clusively disproved, not only by the facts 
there disclosed, but by further evidence which 
lias since become available. 

Another suggestion th i Casement was out 
of his mind is equally without to vidaiion. 
Materials bear'ng on his mental condition 
wpie phced at the disposal of his counsel', 
who did not raise the plea of insanity. Case- 
nent's demeanour since his arrest, and 
throughout and since his trial, gave no 
ground for an v such defence, and, indeed, 
was sufficient to disprove it. 

WILL OF ROGER CASEMENT. 

The will, made on a sheet of foolscap, and 
dated August 1st, 1916, of Roger David Case- 
ment, of Maldiiide, D"blin, Ireland, who died 
at Pentoiivilie Prison on August 31st, was 
proved by Mrs. Gertrude Parry, of Oxmead, 
Ewhurst, Surrey (cousin), and George Gavan 
l*ufi'v, of 45 Connaught street, London, W , 
eoiicitor, the value of the estate being sworn 
•t JD135 0s. lOd. The testator gave every- 
thing he possessed or could depose of to his 
CCBsin, Ge/irade Parry. T-be witnesses were 
J. Middlejtfa, P.W., u'nd W. Va^ax. wander, 



PERILOUS WORK OP THE AMBULANCE 
CTAFF. 

Captain Purcell stated on Monday, 1st Ma 
that in addition to the Fire Brigade's duties } 
the fires, they carried out an incredible amou 
of work with their ambulance service. Duri 
the eight days their three ambulances ma 
on an average 50 journeys daily, picking i 
the wounded and c:ad. Sometimes, sa 
Captain Purcell, in fact many times, the i 



covery and removal of wounded took nla 
under actual fire. Bullets hit the ambulan 
on many occasions, and in one instance 
horse was shot clean through the forele 
while in another case a civilian who was t 
sisting the hsemen to place a stretcher in t 
ambulance -with a woman, who had been sh 
by snipers, was himself struck by a bulb 
In addition to this work, we had to remo 
people from dangerous, areas, and to a 
paralytics and invalids. There were hundre 
of cases that we could not attend to. 



KIJJGSTOWN. 



From Wednesday until Friday there v 
merely a procession of all sorts 
troops and trains of supply day a 
night. Communication was cut off from 1 
outside. Barricades were erected everywh 
on all rfrStfrd from Kingstown ; none s; 
soldiers could pass to or from Kingsto 
without military permits. People w 

confined in their homes between 
hours of 7.30 at night and 5.30 a.m. ; 
streets were policed with armed men. It n 
an extraordinary and trying experience, 
which the continuing scarcity of food \ 
really alarming. On Saturday night f< 
came in by special boats, and on S 
day morning a number of shops opei 
to sell it. Bread made in Lorn 
was eaten that day by people in Kin 
town. So rebellion week mainly afiec 
Kingstown. Never a shot was fired 
anger within its precincts. 



II 



I 



ILLUSTRATED RECORDS. 

Pictorial records of the rising were issi 
as follows : — 

The Record of the Irish Rebellion, p' 
lished by " lirish Life." 

Dublin and the jSiswi Few. Rising, pi 
li hed by Wilson, Ilartoa-I- assrf Co. 

The Sinn Fein Revolt, Illustrated, p 
lished by Hely's, Ltd. 

Dublin a f ter the Six Days' Tnsurrecii] 
^rabliihacS be JViecredy, Percy and Co., Ltd* 






151 



|3YAL COMMISSION OF INQUIRY. 



Mai ' * 

GOVERNMENT NEGLECT REVEALED, 
out 

mil The Royal Commission appointed to investi- 
'naite the facts surrounding the rebellion in 
i I iland^ opened its inquiry at the Royal Com- 
sission's House, Westminster, on Ihursday, 
1 1 ,h May. 

I 1 ' 8 The members of the Commission were: — 

--ord Hardinge (Chairman), Mr. Justice 
^•sarman, and Sir Mackenzie Chalmers. 
; ^fhe Chairman said they had to inquire — 
n| What system there was in force in Ireland 
sti to enable the officials to obtain informa- 
nt tion as to the movement which led to the 
IMF present outbreak. 

What information was obtained' as to it. 
e JTo whom was that information communi- 
cated, and 

What steps were taken upon the informa- 
tion received. 

hey would also deal with the question of 
responsibility of persons or associations for 

s particular outbreak. 

SIR MATTHEW NATHAN. 

Jir Matthew Nathan, late Under-Secretary 
the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, was the 
it witness. He read a statement in 
ich he recounted the history of the 
lunteer movement up to the point in Sep- 
w( iber, 1914, when they rplit, and Mr. Red- 
nd's followers were known as the National 
lunteers, the name by which the loyal sec- 
n was subsequently distinguished from the 
oval section or " Irish Volunteers." Of 
members enrolled previous to this— about 
1.000 — witness continued, not more than 

000 adhered to the disloyal tection of the 
filial Provisional Committee. By October, 
4, the Volunteers following Mr. Redmond 

1 fallen in numbers to 165.000, whilst those 
owing Mr. McNeill had gone up to 13,500, 
hiding over 2, COO in Dublin, of whom a few 
onged to the Citizen Army. From that 
ie the shrinkage in the National Vo'unteers 
i steadily continued. From the middle; of 
tober to the middle of December the Irish 
lunteers were estimated to be about 14,000 
ong, and they were increased by about 

00 men in the provinces. This 'ncrease 
chronised with several efforts being made 
the Department for Recruiting in Ireland 
get men for the Colours. Impetus "'as 
en to the Irish Volunteer movement by the 
r of the Military Service Bill being applied 
Ireland. The number cf Sinn Fein VoL:n- 
i? ct the time of the outbreak was esti- 
1&1L by the police authorities to be about 
200, including some 2,850 in the provinces, 
whom the majority we; ^ actually enrolled' 
Irish Volunteers, &nd reman" ed, although 

1 calling themselves Nation,*'. Volunteers, 
f 3 looked upon .lohn MacNeill as their head. 

ere was no difficulty in the country for the 
yal Irish Constabulary to know what 
der the men acknowledged'. The figure of 



3,225, including 100 of the Citizen Army, 
given by the Metropolitan Police of Dublin, 
was likely to be under-estimated. Ihe 

Citizen Army were militant members cf the 
Irish Transport Workers' Union, which, under 
James Larkin, had conducted ihe strike of 
1913, and, when Larkin, at the end of 1914, 
left Ireland for America, obeyed the orders ol 
James Thomas Connolly. it was believed 
that the close association between the Citizen 
Army ana' the Irish Volunteers only dated 
from the latter part of 1915. But there was 
no doubt that in recent months they had 
worked together, worked under one direction, 
the Citizen Army leaders urging violent ac- 
tion. In this they were supported by the 
Irish Republican leaders, which consisted of a 
small knot of men, of whom some members 
had, in connection with the dynamite out- 
rages in 1883, been sentenced to penal ser- 
vitude. 

FUNDS FROM AMERICA. 

The Irish Volunteers had from the outset- 
funds at their disposal. Before the split be- 
tween the National and' the Irish Volunteers 
considerable sums were coming from America, 
and being paid into various banks in Dublin 
in the name of Mr. John MacNeill, President 
of the General Council and Executive Com- 
mittee, and another gentleman. Sums roughly 
amounting to £16,000 continued to be sent. 
into the account up to September, 1914. After 
that it was not possible to trace the method 
of receipt in Ireland of funds from America. 
It was believed that a large part of. the funds 
available for anti-British organisation were 
expended in the maintenance of seditious 
newspapers, and the circulation of seditious 
leaflets, and the employment of organisers to 
travel the country to win people to join the 
Irish Volunteers, and become in their turn 
organisers in this direction. A summary at- 
tached to the statement showed that shortly 
before the outbreak of the insurrection there 
were supposed to be 1.886 rifles, and a number 
of shot guns, pistols, and revolvers in the 
provinces, and 825 rifles and a number of other 
firearms in Dublin. 

HOW ARMS AND AMMUNITION WERE 
OBTAINED. 

The number of rifles was probably under- 
estimated. Thefts of rifles from the "National 
Volunteers .were not tak.?n into account. It 
was known that a hundred were stolen' from 
the warehouses of the London and North- 
Western Railway Company. There wer« 
thefts of riftes from the military, and they 
must have been considerable. No doubt fur- 
ther rifles were purchased from soldiers or. 
leave. There was evidence of heavy importa- 
tion from England before it was stopped or. 
December 8th, 1915. It was also known tha 
revolvers and pistols, much in excess of tl.i 
number on record, were being brought int'- 
Iieland in passengers' baggage and otherwise 
For some time it was believes that there wai 
n > ^reat supply of ammunition, in (he hands 
of the Volunteers. It was '-nown there hai* 
been at least one considerable theft r>; military 
an munition, and al-o that the rounds carried 
by soldiers were being purchased. It wa* 



152 



also believed that man killing ammunition 
was being made for miniature rifles and shot 
puns. Searches made from time to time in 
Dublin and the provinces, had revealed no 
considerable store either of arms or ammuni- 
tion. 

EXPLOSIVES. 

On the other hand, evidence was available 
of considerable thefts of explosives, and the 
manufacture of bombs. Offences connected 
with explosives occurred at Enniscorthy in 
February; 1913; at Sligo in November, 
1915; at Cork in December, 1915; at Castle- 
bell, tigham and at Lanarkshire, in Scotland, 
it January, 1915, and at a place in County 
Kildare in February. Those cases were con- 
sidered to indicate the intention to commit 
outrages on persons or buildings. 

Describing the steps taken to deal with the 
movement which led up to the insurrection, 
Sir Matthew Nathan said that the Irish Vol- 
unteers were originally part of the Volunteer 
force which came into existence at the time 
ot the organisation of the Ulster Volunteers, 
and the attempt made to deprive them of 
arms, surreptitiously landed for their use, 
was declared by a Judicial Commission, 
which sat shortly after the outbreak of the 
Continental war, to be illegal. It wa« accord- 
ingly impossible for the Government to 
take any proceedings against them at that 
time. The Judicial Commission was a Royal 
('ommission into the circumstances of the 
landing of arms at Howth. At tht end of 
1914 it was recognised that in th# personnel 
of the Committee, its declaration of policy, 
the utterances of its leading representatives 
in the Press and at public m**cings, its op- 
position to the efforts of Mr Redmond and 
the Irish Parliamentary Par'.y to bring Ire- 
land into line during the nitional crisis, and 
its crusade against enlistment into the Army, 
the Irish Volunteer organisation had shown 
itself to be disloyal and seditions. 

MEASURES AGAINST CIVIL SERVANTS. 

Henceforth, the proceedings of the organisa- 
ti'Mi were caiefully matched, and steps v ere 
taken to prevent ClVu 5<r?!U3 IS belonging to 
the Irish Volunteers Earnings were given 
i .) the seditious Press, r^d steps were taken 
1-0 restrict the activity o'. the organisation. 
'Ihe importation and sale of arms were 
brought under strict regulation. The policy 
of not allowing Government servants to be- 
long to the organisation was consistently 
followed, and where membership was proved 
tn continue after wariiiii r hod been given 
rii^missal lollowed Persona war.* dismissed 
from (lie Ordnance Stores, the {"ml Office, ihe 
Inland Revenue, the Ordnance Sin •"•y.and eome 
otber Government «>r qaaai Go»£r*tu>eiit De- 
laiimoits. Some of Ihe people »vho weie dis- 
missed proved to be atnon^el the most 

\ir|er/t oj those who were against, the Govern- 
ment in tbe easea of prieata assisting th« 
\ ( linitcers m any public way. representation* 
v.t"i- made t<> the iiigher ecrleuiaAical 
* f.'thority. A Hit f \} Li'.itg 1 he actions taken in 
dealing with fditirui newspapers, witness 

w*r t OR to .«0| lr,*i th* necessity of placing 
*.»• check ou Cm activities of tho organi- 



sing instructors was considered by thi 
military and civil authorities in July, 1915 
Four men were sentenced, one to four an< 
the other to three months' imprisonment 
and ordered to leave Ireland, but they wen 
told that at the expiration of their sentence 
the order would not be enforced unless thei 
conduct was unsatisfactory. Two of then 
were deported, and their deportatioi 
was followed by somewhat violent de 
monstrations in Dublin. One. of the men 
Mellows, returned and lee the insurrection i; 
Galway. Of the 496 cases under the Regula 
tion, 153 had been ' l making use of anti 
recruiting expressions a-.c ille^.J and seditiou 
language, and 34 w^it for >. -nces in regar* 
to arms and ammunition. 



VERDICTS AGAINST WEI-:]T OF EVIDENCI 

In two bad case3 of having explosives i 
possession, brought before juries in Dublir 
verdicts of not guilty were returned again* 
the weight of evidence. Similar miscarriage 
of justice occurred in Cork in connection wit 
speeches. As the Defence of the Realm Ac 
had done away with trial by court-uiartia 
and as juries could not be trusted, it was n< 
cessary to bring such cases before the magii 
trates in Dublin and elsewhere, and thi 
meant that the punishment for serious offenc< 
could not exceed six months' hard labour. 

Proceeding, Sir Matthew said that the Iris 
Government had considered it of primary in 
portance to prevent the Irish Volunteers tx 
coming a military danger, and' that e*<J( 
obstacle should be placed in the way of tea 
and ammunition getting into their hands, 
was dihValt to make this policy e r , ectiv 
English manufacturers had been m.portir. 
freely into Ireland for some time after tl\ 
commencement of the war, and eve-n after tl 
importation was forbidden, owing to the a 
tion of the Customs examiners, it wa* til 
possible to prevent forbidden goods from ge 
ting through. As late as April 16th a ca 
of 500 bayonets was detected by the police ( 
the way from a Sheffield cutler to a Sir 
Fei- manager of what was believed to be 
reputable firm. 

ANXIOUS TO START "BUSINESS." 

A report was received in March, said wi 
ness, to the effect that the young men of tl 
Irish Volunteers were very anxious to sta 
business at once, and w.-re being backed I 
strongly by Connolly, of the Citizen Arm 
but the heads of the Volunteers were again 
the rising at present. One of their leade 
said' it would be fhe*.r nadr.es* i.nles^ tl 
help promised by Monteith was foriheomin 
It was stated that Monteith Vad teen an Iri: 
Volunteer instructor, and wrs in Germany, 
was reported th><t there was to he a genef 
mobilisation on April 2nd Another report 
March 22nd stated that there was no fear 
uny rising by Volunteers standing alone. 1 h 
were not prepaid Tor any T ' loiiced actio 
and the majority were practically antral! 

On 17th April there was information co 
tained in a letter which told of the <oute( 
plated landing from a German ship made up 



153 






































§§11% 


^W' St ^ 

1 











P7;ofo by 

LORD HARDINGE. 



MR. JUSTICE SHEARMAN. 



[Photo Piess. 
SIR MACKENZIE CHALMERS 



These gentlemen constituted the Royal Commission which inquired into the causes 

of the rebellion. 




I'hoto by IPhotn Fress. 

SIR MATTHEW NATHAN, the late Under MR. AUGUSTINE tflRHEUL, the late Chief 

Secretary for Ireland. Secretary for Ireland. 

After giving evidence before the Royal Commission at Westminster. 



154 



# neutral and accompanied by two sub- 
marines, of arms and ammunition on the 
Bouth-West coast. The letter was shown to 
\he Inspector-General of the Royal Irish Con- 
stabulary, and the Insjectors of the South 
«nd South-West counties werp £«t on their 
/uard. On the 19th a report was received by 
the police from a woman having two brothers 
in the Irish Volunteers that the Castle would 
be attacked that night, but nothing unusual 
occurred. Witness then went on to speak of 
/he events connected with tbe attempted land- 
ing from German vessels and the arrest of Sii 
Roger Casement. 

EASTER SUNDAY ORDER RESCINDED. 

About that time a notice was published in 
pin Irish newspaper, signed by John MacNeill, 
" CI lief of Staff, Irish Volunteers," rescinding 
the orders for Easter Sunday, and stating 
that no movement of the Volunteers would 
take place. In another portion of the paper 
She discovery of the collapsible boat and the 
•nest of a man of unknown nationality and 
of Stack and Collins was announced. 

There was no movement of the Irish Volun- 
teers on Easter Sunday, but a report was re- 
ceived of a robbery under arms, and the 
st'ali'g of five 501b. cases of gelignite, which 
wa. believed to have been brought into Dublin 
by motor car. 

DECISION TO ARREST LEADERS. 

A consultation took place at the Viceregal 
Lodge, and it was considered that the position 
justified the arrest and internment in Eng- 
land of seme of the leaders of the movement. 
This course was, therefore, decided on, 
Further evidence of their association with the 
enemy was received from the District In- 
spector of 1 ralee, wbo reported the arrest of 
one of the men landing in the collapsible boat, 
and implicating Stack and Collins. He also 
stated that a vessel containing arms was to he 
piloted into tenit that night, and that there 
was to be a rising and an attack on Dublin 
Castle. The Chief Secretary agreed to the 
arrest of the leaders, in view of their definite 
association with the enemy having been estab- 
lished. Later telegrams were refCJvtd telling of 
malicious damage to the railway and tele- 
graphic communications. 

THE FIRST SHOT. 

The first shot w.ns fired a little after noon 
on April 24th. When matters connected with 
the general situation were being discussed at 
the Castle, shots rang out at the gate, and 
4 lie body of a dying policeman was carried 
into the yard. The statement proceeded to 
enumerate the places in Dublin which were 
taken by the rebels. 

I be existence of organised bodies of trained 
and ;. rnieci men. not under the control of the 
Government, which in August, 1914, was the 
re< 'ignised state of affairs in Irrland, neces- 
i- :• i i I v involved grave risk* to 'he State. The 
He* in the early days of the -*«r. that these 
Volunteers should come under control ■■<■< part 
T»f the aimed forces of the Crown, for the 
dffenee ol Ireland against a foreign enemy, 
did not find favom with the r»ihUirv authori- 
ses, an J, wfule thus* Volunteer* wbo would 



have accepted such control either eniisted in 
the Army or became inactive, others turned 
to national hostility, which enhanced the 
danger the}' constituted to the Empire. Sup- 
nression of the Volunteers woulj have meant 
romnlett c' sarmament. anc, a', an" rata, 
strong c>erc-ve measures, which tu be effec- 
tive would hav> had to go outside the Irish 
Volunteers, and extend to the body from 
which they had sprung, and were subsequently 
to some extent recruited. 

THE DIFFICULTY. 

In the circumstances, especially if the 
Volunteers tr resist Home Rule had been 
allowed to continue, the Nationalist union 
would have been completely alienated, and 
with it that large body of Irish feeling which 
had been favourable to Great Britain in the 
war, and had sent some 55.000 Irish Catholics 
to fight for ttis Empire. It was rather note- 
worthy that in the month ending April 15th 
1,827 men joined the Army, including 448 in 
Dublin itself. Since the beginning of the war 
18,698 men had joined in Dublin. Even such 
measures as the suppression of seditious news- 
papers and the prosecution of persons for in- 
flammatory speeches were taken against the 
advice of the Irish Parliamentary Party, 
whose loyalty was undoubted. It was for 
these reasons that the policy of the Govern- 
ment was not to attempt the suppression of 
the Volunteers. At the same time, war con- 
ditions required that the measures taken 
should prevent them getting supplies of arms 
and ammunition, and organising, especially in 
those parts of Ireland where they might 
render assistance to a foreign enemy. The 
possibility of this was always kept in view, 
and the Royal Irish Constabulary watched 
their movements. 

THE CONSTABULARY'S PAFJT.. 

In spite of the demands of recruiting, it was 
looked upon as important not to allow any 
great diminution in the numbers of the Con- 
stabulary,, but considerably to increase tho 
strength of the garrison (military). It was 
known that this could supply at short votio» 
p movable force of 2,500. and that 1,000 men 
could turn out in Dublin and Cork if required. 
When the insurrection broke out the men 
quickly turned out from the Dublin barracks, 
and some hundreds concentrated at the Castle, 
and other posts were occupied. 2,500 men 
arrived that evening, and 1.000 men came 
from Belfast tbe following day. Further 
reinforcements arrived from England on the 
26th. 

MEETING OF THE LEADERS. 

There seemed to have been a meeting of 
the Volunteer leaders in Dublin on Saturday 
or Sunday, when it was decided by a majority 
of one, it was stated, to start an insurrec- 
tion the following Easter Monday. Had In- 
formation been obtained of thL"> moveiu**-} 
troops would have been concentrated <.«rner 
in the Castle. Generally, the tactics which 
their numbers and armament forced them to 
adoft. while they made ultimate success 
hopeless, gave them the master/ of tU* 



155 



situation for some time, and would have dona 
so had more troops been available. 

The only practical purpose such an insurrec- 
tion could achieve was to detain a large num- 
ber of troops in the city for a time, which 
would be valuable to a hostile force operating 
elsewhere. Apart from its general ultimate 
futility, the conduct of the insurrection 
showed greater organising power and more 
military skill than had been attributed to the 
Volunteers, and tbey also appeared, from re- 
ports, to have acted with greater courage. 

This concluded the statement, and Sir 
Matthew Nathan then answered questions put 
to him 

WITNESS EXAMINED. 

The President — What is the strength of 
the Constabulary ? The actual strength on 
the 31st March last was 9,302. 

Has there been any increase or decrease of 
late? There has been a considerable decrease 
since the beginning of the war. 

But with all the activity on the part of 
Volunteers and other associations, did you 
not consider it was necessary to keep the 
Constabulary up to establishment? I felt 
strongly that any big decrease would be 
quite out of the question. 

But the decrease was about 2,000, was it 
not ? It was not as much as that. There were 
1,231 wanting to complete establishment, but 
I t'^'ik that includes a considerable number 
that had been wanting for some time. 

ABOLITION OF THE ARMS RESTRICTION. 

Replying to Mr. Justice Shearman, witness 
said that on August 5th, 1914, the re&triction 
on the importation of arms into Ireland, which 
had existed until then, was removed, but he 
did not know why. He added that the impor- 
tation of arms was prohibited in 1913. After 
the removal of the restrictions efforts were 
made to prohibit im ortation under the De- 
fence of the Realm Act. There was licence 
outy to be paid, but it was not enforced. 

The Chairman — Why not? It is enforced in 
England. 

Witness was understood to reply that, as the 
arms were obviously carried for illegal pur- 
poses, it was looked upon as trifling to ask 
for licence duty. 

A STATUTE THAT WAS NOT ENFORCED. 

Mr Justice Shearman — Is there any statute 
to prevent armed drilling for illegal purposes? 
There is a statute against illegal assembly. 
There is a statute of 1819 which prevents 
armed persons drilling together, whatever 
their object, without the permission of the 
authorities. 

Vou have no experience of that statute 
beir.g enforced? No. 

So there was nothing to enable you to arrest 
people drilling with arn^*d weapons, unless 
you could prove they were there for a seditious 
purpose? There was nothing to prevent loyal 
or disloyal citizens assembling to any num- 
ber. We were deterred for political reasons. 

Mr. Justice Shearman asked if the drilling 
of joung men *nd th*> training of young 
woH.en to giv« Vsl »i«i, which witness had 



described in his report, did not obviously 
point to a war in Ireland. 

Sir Matthew Nathan did not reply. 

Mr. Justice Shearman asked when the sham 
attack on Dublin Castle took place. 

Witness— On the 6th October, 1915. 

llts Chairman — Did not it seem "extra- 
ordinary" that these people should be per- 
mitted to make an attack on Dublin Castle, 
and that nothing was done to prevent it? Ci 
course, we were accustomed to all sorts of 
operations in Ireland. 

LEAVING IT ALONE. 

Was the fact that no notice was take-.-, of 
this in accordance with the general line of 
pohcy laid down by those responsible? Cene^ 
rally 

And that a free hind was to be given to 
any of the Irish Volunteers to behave as they 
liked, provided they did not go actually to 
extremities such as taking life? 

Witness hesitated a little about a replv. 

Mr. Justice Shearman interposed with "the 
remark — He says lie decided that unless there 
was an actual outbreak they would not inter- 
fere. If you disarmed publicly these people 
there must have been some bloodshed, and if 
you let it blow over it might blow over with- 
out any bloodshed at all. 1 hope I am not 
wronging you in saying that was the policy 
pursued. 

Witness agreed. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — The policy chosen 
was, to leave it alone, in the hope that it 
would result in nothing. 

Witness — Also in the belief that the actioi 
against these Volunteers, on the ground that 
they had been manoeuvring, would have rt 
suited in the alienation of the great bulk o\ 
the Irish people, which was not in favour of 
these people. 

ADMINISTRATION. 

After lunch, the witness, replying to Si" 
Mackenzie Chalmers, gave details as to th* 
administrative constitution of the Dublin 
Castle staff and the police — the R.I.C. and the 
Dublin Metropolitan Police. 

What is the strength of the Dublin Police? 
The number is 1,121, out of a maxim if 

1,160. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers then asked ques- 
tions of Sir Matthew Nathan relative to the 
cases he had mentioned, the results of which 
led the authorities to conclude that juries 
were not to be trusted. Th- juries in those 
cases, he said, did not disagree, but definitely 
acquitted die accused, against whom, in th« 
view of tie C«c\»n, the evidence was pretty 
clear. 

MILITARY STRENGTH IN DUBLIN. 

From the 22nd April onwards, how many 
soldiers had you in Dublin? There must 
have been about 4,000. 

Had you any English or Scottish regiments 
in Dublin' Cavalry. They did not attempt 
to use them as cavalry. Witness ad Jed that 
there -ere in UsjWir. about one thousand un 
armed DuUJL V-olice, while at the Depot 
there were about fifty men of the R.I.C. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers So that yots: 
armed force was about 1,050? Yes. 



If; 6 



Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Among the Dub- 
fin Police and the Royal Irish Constabulary 
I imagine you had perfect loyalty? Yes. 

Necessarily you are left a good deal in „ole 
charge at Dublin Castle I suppose? If Par- 
liament is sitting, and Mr. Birreli is there. 
The last occasion Mr. Birreli was in Irelind 
was in February, when he was there about 
ten days or a fortnight. 

THE SINN FEIN MOVEMENT. 

The witness was then questioned about the 
Vim Fein movement, and read a statement to 
the effect that it was started in 1905, giving as 
its aims and objects national development on 
the lines successfully adopted by the Hun- 
garians in their struggle with Austria. By a 
policy of Sinn Fein, " ourselves alone," it 
was to deal with all movements originating 
within Ireland, not looking outside Ireland for 
the accomplishment of their aims. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Was there any 
connection between the Larkinites and the 
Clan-na-Gael? We knew that Larkin ap- 

S eared on Clan-na-Gael platforms in America, 
'iiat was after he left Dublin. 

WHERE IS LARKIN. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Is it quite certain, 
/ir Matthew, that he is in America? We be- 
lieve so. 

Sir Matthew went on to explain the nature 
of the Gaelic League. It was formed, he said, 
for the study of Irish literature and language, 
and included people of all political opinions. 
Gradually those who were not anti-British 
dropped out, and afterwards the Executive 
was practically captured by the leaders of the 
Irish Volunteers. 

The Gaelic Athletic Association was ».nti- 
British, and soldiers in uniform were not al- 
lowed to attend its gatherings. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Was any notice 
taken of that? No action was taken. 
MR. JOHN MacNEILL'S NOTICE. 

Witness was asked about the notice signed 
by John MacNeill, saying that there would be 
no movement of the Irish Volnntecrg on 
Easter Sunday. "Was that a blind?" asked 
bir Mackenzie Chalmers. 

" I should very much like to know," was 
the reply. " I don't think so. He probably 
wanted to stop it at the last moment. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — I cannot under- 
stand why you suggest that if thesn m«n 
were disarmed the loyal Nationalist Vc'.vm- 
teers and the Ulster Volunteers should also 
disarm, when there is no connection bjtween 
tbem. 

Sir Ma' hew Nathan— We did not know at 
the time who were loyal and who v-eie dis- 
loyal. A good many of them went over from 
the loyalist to the disloyal side afterwards. If 
we had left the National Volunteers w«i should 
have left a large number of disloyal people, 

STRIKING ADMISSION BY MR. BIIcHS!.!.. 

On Eriday, 19th May, Mr. Augastine 
Birreli, late Chief Secretary for Irelaitl, ap- 
peared before the Commission at the Royal 
Commission House, Westminster. He wdd that 



he had seen Sir Matthew Nathan's 
statement, and he had no additions 
to make in regard to it. Mr. Birreli added 
that he had prepared a statement of a rather 
general character on Sinn Feinism, and at 
c.ce proceeded to read it 

The statement was as follows : — 
The spirit of what to-day is called Sinn 
Feinism is mainly composed of the old 
hatred and distrust of the British connection, ] 
always noticeable in all classes and in all 
places, varying in degree, and finding 
different ways of expression, but alway r s there 
as the background of Irish politics and 
character. Dr. Newman, on coming over to 
Dublin as an English Catholic, in the very 
middle of the last century, discovered it for 
himself, and was amazed and disgusted at its 
virility, and was very glad to get away from 
it. This dislike, hatred, disloyalty (so un- 
intelligible to many Englishmen) is hard to 
define, but d.sy to discern, though incapable 
of exact measurement from year to year. You 
may assume it is always there, and always 
dangerous. Reasons are often given for its 
persistency despite efforts to obliterate it. 
Had Catholic Emancipation accompanied the 
Act of Union, had the land tenure reform 
been ante-dated half a century, had the Pro- 
testant Church of Ireland been disestablished 
a little more to please the Irish people and 
not so much to gratify tl.< ontish Noncon- 
formist, had t.ie Unversioj question been 
earlier settled, it is possible, though not ob- 
vious, that this spirit of Sinn Feinism might 
by now have been exorcised. It has, in point 
of fact, been immensely weakened and re- 
stricted, and out of many Irish breasts it 
may, perhaps, have been removed altogether. 
TRANSFORMATION. 
The last twenty years have worked trans- 
formation. The face of the country is changed. 
Self-government has been established in the 
counties on the most democratic plan, and 
with the most democratic results ever devised 
or accomplished, even by Tories, and, 
though the experiment was a risky one, it 
has, on the whole, succeeded. The Irish 
Local Government Board, though much ex- 
posed to criticism, and corning in for a fair 
share of abuse, is essentially an Irish Board, 
and wholly outside what is called, often most 
uninstructedly, "the Castle" influence. The 
Congested Districts Board, with enlarged 
statutory powers and a very considerable in- 
come, is also essentially an Irish Board, and 
within its powers and within its income 
supreme. The Department, as it is called, of 
Agriculture and Technical Instruction is Irish 
in all its ways, quarrels and pursuits. And 
yet, despite these things, and in the face of 
prosperity among the farmers, cottages for 
the labourers, and control over her most im- 
portant affairs, no close observer of Ireland 
as a whole during the last two years or so 
could fail to notice that this Sinn Fein spirit 
was increasing. For a number of years the 
Home Rule controversy, which seemed at 
last to be on its way to a Parliamentary solu- 
tion, absorbed most of the energies of active 
politicians, whilst those who were out eff 



157 



real sympathy with a movement which seemed 
to them limited and an romantic, were content 
to allow the controversy to be conducted in 
Parliament by able leaders, and to run its 
course, whilst they stayed at home and at- 
tended, or at least supported, the Gaelic League 
and other kindred and influential societies. 

THE IRJSH LITERAR.' REVIVAL. 

This period was also marked by a genuine 
literary Irish revival, in prose, poetry, and ;he 
drama, which has produced remarkable book*, 
and plays, and a school u acting, all char- 
acterised by originality and independence cf 
thought and expression, quite divorced from 
pny "political party, and all tending towards 
and feeding latent desires for some kind of 
separate Irish national existence. It was a 
curious situation to watch, but there was 
nothing in it suggestive of revolt or tecellion, 
except in the realm of thought. Indeed, it 
was quite the other way. The Abbey Theatre 
made merciless fun of mad political enter- 
prise, and lashed with savage rat ire some his- 
torical aspects of the Irish revolutionary. 1 
was often amazed at the literary detachment 
and courage of the playwright, the relentless 
audacity of the actors and actresses, and' the 
patience and comprehension of the audience. 
This new critical tone and temper, noticeable 
everywhere, penetrating everything, and in- 
fluencing many minds in all ranks, whilst hav- 
ing its disintegrating effects upon old fashioned' 
political beliefs and worn out controversial 
phrases, was the deadly foe of that wild senti- 
mental passion which has once more led so 
many brave young fellows* to a certain doom, 
in the belief that in Ireland- any revolution is 
better than none. A little more time, and, 
but for the outbreak of the war, this new 
critical temper would, in my belief, have 
finally prevailed, not indeed to destroy 
national sentiment (for that is immortal), but 
to kill by ridicule insensate revolt. But this 
was not to be. 

SOME "CAUSES" OF ANTIPATHY. 

There are a number of contributory causes, 
which lately have created' antipathy to con- 
stitutional methods and tended to increase 
in numbers. First — growing doubts a',out the 
actual advent of Home Rule. If the Home 
Rule Bill had not been placed' on the Statute 
Book there must have been in Ireland and the 
United States a great and dangerous explosion 
of rage and disappointment, which when the 
war broke out would have assumed the most 
alarming proportions in Ireland. All (outside 
parts of Ulster) would have jcineJ hands, 
wh t*t our reports from Washington tell us 
%ii<»t the effect in America would have been. 
Still, even with Home Rule on the Statute 
Book, the chance of its ever becoming a fact 
was so uncertain, the outstanding difficulty 
about Ulster was so obvious, and the details 
of the measure itself were so unattractive 
and' difficult to transmute into telling plat- 
form pbiases, that Home Rule as an emo- 
tional flag tell ont of daily use in current Irish 
life. I'eofle left off talking about it, or wav- 
ing it in the air. 

•Second — In Ireland, whenever Constitutional 



and Parliamentary procedure cease to be of 
absorbing influence, other men, other methods, 
other thoughts, before somewhat harshly 
snubbed, come rapidly to the surface, and 
secure attention, sympathy and support. The 
sneers of the O'Brienites, the daily najr~''ngs in 
the Dublin Irish Independent also contributed 
to the partial eclipse of Home Rule, and thia 
eclipse foretold danger. 

THE ULSTER REBELLION. 
Third — The Ulster rebellion, the gun run- 
ning at Larne, the Covenant, the Provisional 
Governrrient, and its numbers, its plan of war- 
fare in Belfast, its armed volunteers and' 
public drillings, and all the rest of the pomp 
and eiieumstances of revolution, had the mest 
prtrdigious eFect upon disloyalists elsewhere. 
There was no anger with the Ulster rebeiV 
Catholic Ireland was very proud of them. 
"What tfiey are allowed to do we can do." 
This need- no elal»oration from me. 

Fourth ^Then came tre war on the 4tl 
August, 1914. This was the moment of *h« 
greatest risk. Nobody could foretell what 
would happen in Ireland, or what her atti- 
tude would be. It might easily have 
demanded 60,000 soldiers to keep her down. 
Mr. Redmond's spontaneous, patriotic, coura- 
geous, but British, speech, was a bold stroke, 
and bravely has it succeeded. One hundred 
and fifty thousand Irish volunteer soldiers are 
fighting' as Irish scldiers know how to fight, 
on the 3 side of Grea* Britain. To me it is 
marvellous. But then were in Ireland men 
and women who thought that Mr. Redmond 
had thrown away a grea 1 opportunity, and 
that he should have struct a bargain vith 
the Crown ere he consented to become a . e- 
cruiting officer for it. Th->* * men were in % 
small minority. Ireland p eserved an on 
broken front with the rest of the United 
Kingdom and the Empire, an.' 1 this she did 
to the bitter disappointment of Germany. 
But the minority were still there, and were 
shortly to be increased in numbers. 

Fifth — The Coalition Government, with Sir 
Edward Carson in it. It is impossible to de- 
scribe or over-estimate the effect of this in 
Ireland. The fact that Mr. Redmond could, 
had' he chosen to do so, have sat in the same 
Cabinet with Sir Edward Carson, had no 
mollifying influence. If Mr. Redmond had 
consented, he would, on the instant, have 
ceased to be an Irish leader. This step seemed 
to make an end of Home Rule, and 
strengthened the Sinn Feincrs enormously 
all over the country. 

Sixth — The prolongation of the war, and its 
dubious end. Irish criticism of the war and 
its chances were not of the optimistic cast 
that prevail in Britain. Every event and re- 
sult was put in the balance, and weighed. 
The excitement was immense. So long as the 
war lasted — and it soon became obvious that 
it might last for years — *here were not wholly 
unreasonable expectations »\f a German land- 
ing in England or a landing in Ireland, and 
of partial risings in different parts of the 
country, which, if timed so as to synchronise 
with a German bombardment of the English 
coasts, and hosts of Zeppelins flying ovei 



153 



Ihe North of England and the Midlands, 
would be quite enough — so it might well be 
thought by an Irish revolutionist — to secure a 
fair chance of an immediate Irish success, 
which, were Germany ultimately victorious, 
could nci but greatly damage British authority 
and ruie in the future. German assistance 
was at the bottom of the outbreak. The war 
turned many heads and upset prudent calcu- 
lations. To this, in Dublin, was added the 
hoarded passions of the labour disputes and 
Bachelor's Walk. 

THE WITNESS EXAMINED. 

The Chairman — 1 imagine that last year or 
«o you realised that there was a dangerous 
movement in Ireland? Yes — further back 
than that. Certainly, during the last two 
years. 

But after consultation with the Irish leaders 
you came to the conclusion that the policy of 
non-intervention was the safest? Yes, that is 
so. 

What would you exactly mean by inter- 
vention? The misery of the whole thing was 
this — you had armed bodies of Volunteers all 
over the place, and to some extent drilled, 
and if you could have got disarma- 
ment ail round it would have been a blessing. 
but to disarm any one section of the popula- 
tion on the evidence that we had appeared 
to me to be a very dangerous and doubtful 
proposition. 

Yo i need r.ot answer this question unless 
you like, Who were the Irish leaders who 
ed vised you most? Well, in the first place I 
torryed z pretty clear estimate of my own, 
and'i do not think that 1 was enormously in- 
fluenced by other people. But Mr. Redmond, 
for ex-mple, ;:iways took the view that the 
Sinn Feiners were negligible; and was good 
pnougri to say so in the House of Commons. 
] did not attach too much importance to his 
opinion in that matter, because I was quite 
Pi:re that they were dangerous. At the same 
ti i.e, he expressed that opinion strongly. It 
did affect my mind to this extent, that 1 gave 
it great consideration. But I came round to 
another view. Mr. Dillon, for example, was 
strongly the other way, not in the sense of 
taking action, but strongly of opinion that the 
Sinn Fein moveff.snt and the insurrectionary 
movement undoi btedly were & danger. On 
I hat point there was a strong difference of 
<i| iirion between the two, but both were 
ejuaily in favrur of non-intervention. 

WARNING. 1 OF IMPENDING TROUBLE. 

\\ hat fpeci've warnings of impending trouble 
did you hav,.' Do you mean in Dublin? 

Anyu ber' , but especially in Dublin? I 
lliink you \,r,e to distinguish very clearly be- 
tween the two. So lar as the country gene- 
rally was .y.icerned, we had the reports of the 
Koyal Lini Constabulary, who sent them in 
ul'i.n-'t da-ly from (very district in Ireland. 
Ireland J ; es under tile ./neroscope. Yve nad 
vn them ep<?T fc .- information which would er> 
«|il. ar.\//Ody in London or Dublin to form a 
rcry :i r c/t general estimate of the feeling of 
die con try side. The feeling varied very 
•jnjfh it different localities. It varied very 
jrnuch i.< ..'» ding to the character of the priest. 



If the curates of the administrators, as they 
are called, were not Sinn Feiners, then the 
movement would die out in those localities. 
If, on the other hand, the Sinn Feiners were 
favoured and fostered by the clergy, they ex- 
tended. From these reports 1 had no difficulty 
in coming to a pretty just view as to the 
general effect of Sinn Feinixm, of of the Irish 
Volunteers, all over the country. 

THE DUBLIN DIFFICULTY. 

But when you come to Dublin, continued 
the witness, you are under the Metropolitan 
Police, not the R.I.C. 

I always felt I was very ignorant of what 
was actually going on in the minds and 
cellar's, if you like, of the Dublin population. 
I was always exceedingly neivous about what 
would happen. Therefore, I distinguish very 
much between the state of things going on in 
Dublin and that in the rest of the country. 
So far as Dublin is concerned I do not know 
that Sir Matthew Nathan was not more in a 
position to know than I was. 1 am not con- 
scious of any warning until towards the end 
— the 16th of April. 1 heard at different 
.times that there were opinions that the Castle 
was going to be taken, but it never came off. 
1 am not aware of any earning beyond what 
I saw in the streets, and on that I took very 
decided views. I had a conference at the War 
Office on March 20th, 1916, and at the Horse 
Guards on March 23rd, in reference to the 
supply of more soldiers in Dublin. The view 
I put before Lord Kitchener and other mili- 
tary authorities was that we should have more 
soldiers in the streets of Dublin. The impres- 
sion I got, walking about the streets, was that 
Sinn Feinism was in a certain sense in pos- 
session. 1 put that as forcibly as I could to 
General Friend. I said . 

"Let the soldiers be seen in the streets; 
march them about, and let the people see 
the force they will have to contend with." 
1 was told by the military authorities that 
they were busy training the soldiers, and 
that they could not be spared, and that, if 
there was any trouble, the troops could be 
transported from Liverpool, perhaps as quickly 
£5 in any other way. 

The military were considering our proposals. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Were many of the 
priests turbulent? I should not like to say. 
There are a considerable number. One of the 
most formidable anti-recruiting pamphlets was 
written by the Catholic Bishop of Limerick, 
Bishop O'Dwyer. He is a very clever man, 
but he has never been a friend of the 
Nationalist Baity. 

When there were sittings of fie Cabinet 
in London you hai to be in London? 
A JACKDAW OR MAGPIE. 

Mr. Birr ell said that was *o. I have held 
the office of Chief Secretary for nine years 
he proceeded, and from the beginning 1 held 
the view that it was my business to be pre- 
icnt at Cabinet meetings in order to tee 
whether Jrtland was a nee ted. Bills are 
sometimes instituted in a great hurry, and 
Ireland is either left out or pint in without 
any consideiat'on whatever of her needs or 
iXLstoi'jr. luerefore it was necessary U) W 4 



159 



the Cabinet meetings not merely for the 
\ general purposes of the Cabinet, but for Irish 
j urposes also. A jackdaw or a magpie would 
aj just as well as the Chief Secretary to 
cry out at intervals " Ireland." We 
were in constant communication with 
the Castle, continued Mr. Birrell, and con- 
nected by wire with the Under Secretary. 
Parliament has unfortunately been sitting for 
the past few years all the year round, and 
therefore my visits to Ireland have been at 
Christmas, Easter, and Whitsuntide, and 
sometime or other during the summer. *' I 
have not lived much at the Lodge, but during 
all these years I have spent short holidays, 
three or four times a year, in Ireland, and' 
owinp- to the use of motors I have been far 
more in all parts of Ireland than any Chief 
Secretary who has preceded me. 

THE REPEAL OF THE ARMS ACT. 

The Chairman — What circumstances 

brought about the repeal of the Arms Act? 
It was before my time — in Mr. Bryce's time. 
But I was in the Cabinet, and 1 remember it 
came up. it was allowed to drop. 1 have a 
sort of recollection that it had been a great 
deal evaded. 

If the Act had been in force it would 
have operated against Ulster? Yes. 

Even thourh the Arms Act had lapsed, 
had 1 you ) A> -owers to deal with stores 
i f ammunition and explosives under the 
Explosives Acts, 1875 and 1883—1 can't ray. 

The Chairman — Many months prior to 
August 4th, 1914, I think you will agree that 
Ireland was in a state of internal unrest. 
For obvious reasons, therefore, one 
would have thought it was desirable to re- 
strict the importation of arms. Why was the 
restriction removed on August 5th, 1914, the 
day after the declaration of war? 

Mr. Birrell — 1 have a note about it. I will 
put that in. I have a recollection about it. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — I take it the resolu- 
tion to revoke the Arms Act had been arrived 
ab before war was declared? Yes. It was 
found that the proclamations could not be 
maintained, and in order to avoid scandal 
thev were revoked. 

THE SINN FEIN MILITARY MOVEMENT. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers— Can you tell us, 
Mr. Birrell, what turned this Sinn Fein 
literary movement into a military movement? 
It was the war and the excitement. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — I think you had 
a certain number of prosecutions for anti- 
recr.mting and seditious meetings, Lut you 
could not get any convictions from the juries? 
That is so. 

It was not merely a case of juries disagree- 
ing, but of acquittal? Yes. 

Do you put that down to fear or to favour? 
I put it down to hatred of any case in Ire- 
land in which the Attorney-General appears 
prosecuting for the Crown. It is nothing 
treasonable, or quasi-treasonable, or anything 
of that sort. If the Attorney-General is there 
or is represented it is enough. If you have a 
jury you are done. 

bit Mackenzie Chalmers — You had a thou- 



sand unarmed men in the Dublin police, and 
not more than a thousand soldiers. We are 
told, of course, it is easy to be wise after the 
event. 

THE REBELLION A FAILURE FROM THE 
BEGINNING. 

Mr. Birrell — I do not know that so very 
large a number of soldiers, unless employed 
beforehand, would have been able to do much 
when these places had been seized. I do not 
think it was a question of numbers from a 
military point of view. The thing was a 
failure from the beginning, because the sol- 
diers were there before thfc end of the day 
in quite a sufficient force from the Curragh 
and Belfast. Those from Liverpool did not 
come until next day. But I do not think an- 
other odd thousand soldiers on the spot at 
the time, unless they had been arranged be- 
forehand at the post offices and places of that 
sort would have affected the position. 

If there had been a little more success in 
Dublin, do you think many would have joined 
in the country? Was there a large body of 
men sitting on the fence? I don't think so, 
apart from the German landing. If the Ger- 
mans had really landed men and guns, 1 do 
not think anybody could say what the effect 
on the population would have been. But 1 do 
no'L think the mere holding up of Dublin, even 
for another week, would have affected the re- 
sult, apart from Germany. They believed thai 
England was surrounded by submarines, xnd 
that troops could not come from Liverpool, 
because there were submarines in the Channel. 
They thought tbt^b England was cut off, and 
the moment thjy discovered that soldiers 

were pouring over ■ (Here Mr. Birrell broke 

off his reply with a significant gesture). 

Mr. Justice Shearman — As soon as you had 
the Defence of the Realm Act you could have 
forbidden drilling in any part of the United 
Kingdom, and I cannot understand why it did 
not occur to anyboy to'say — " We won't have 
armed Volunteers drilling while the war is 
on." That could have been equally applied to 
any part of Ireland. 

Mr. Birrell — Of course, that would have 
been a challenge to the Volunteers. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Everybody knew. 
These people were known to be disloyal, and 
known to be having sham fights and training 
people in the field, including ladies for ambul- 
ance work. 

ALMOST RIDICULOUS. 

Mr. Birrell — I quite agree. It seems almost 
ridiculous. But, on the other hand, the alter- 
native would have been to employ policemen 
to have done it. You would have attacked 
these people and disarmed them, and whether 
it was done North, South, East, or' West it 
would have resulted in bloodshed. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Assuming they had 
been forbidden to march out with arms and 
knew if they had done it they would have 
been attacked by the military, would they 
have done it? Oh, yes, they would. 

At any rate that method of stopping the 
drilling was considered, I surpose? It was all 

tiart and parcel of a policy. Jt may have 
ieen right, or it may nave tsen wrong, that 



ISO 



we could not advisedly or properly or safely 

froceed by soldier* to disarm these force?, 
t was the same thing that prevented us from 
acting in Ulster. 

THE CASE OF ULSTER. 

The Chairman— Was the policy of non- 
intervention a Cabinet or an Irish Government 
decision ? 

Mr. Birrell — I won't say with regard to 
that. Ulster in the earlier days before the 
war undoubtedly was a Cabinet decision, in 
which I am bound to say I entirely concurred. 

The Chairman — If you had not concurred I 
suppose you would not have remained Chief 
Secretary? I would not. 

But it was not a Cabinet decision about the 
Sinn Feintrst No, not a Cabinet decision. 

LORD KITCHENER CORRECTS MR. 
BIRRELL. 

The third sitting of the Commission took place 
on Monday, 22nd May, at trie Royal Commis- 
sions House, Westminster. The Chairm in, 
on the resumption of the Inquiry, said — Since 
we met on Friday i have received the follow- 
ing letter from General Macready, Adiutant- 
General of the Forces : — 

" Dear Lord Hardinge,— In view of the 
statement made by Mr. Birrell before your 
Commission yesterday in regard to the supply 
of more soldiers for Dublin, inferentially to 
guard against any outbreak, Lord Kitchener 
has asked me to write to you and put the 
facts of the case as they appeared to affect 
the War Office at the time. Mr. Birrell, 
together with Lord Wimborne and others, 
came over from Ireland, and had a confer- 
ence at the War Office on March 20th, purely 
in relation to the state of recruiting in ire- 
land. Various proposals were made at the 
time, among them a proposal that troops 
should be sent from England to Ireland, to be 
quartered in various localities other than Dub- 
lin, for the sole purpose of encouraging re- 
cruiting. It was not considered that the pre- 
sence of these t'oops would have an effect on 
recruiting in Ireland commensurate with the 
delay that would take place in training the 
men and the unpopularity of the movement. 
1 attach some correspondence that had taken 
place on the subject. 

" Mr. Birrel afterwards saw Lord French, 
and, so fj<r as we are aware, no question ever 
arose of sending troops for the purpose of over- 
awing Sinn Feinets. Some time before this 
General Friend had written to me indicating 
thai there might be trouble in the South of 
[teland, and, if so, he might require the 
as. istaiice of some extra troops, and arrange- 
mints were made with Lord French to have 
h reserve brigade ear-ma rked to be sent at 
orce, if called for by the Irish authorities. 
This in what I referred to in rcw letter to 
General Friend of the 3rd April. So far .'..; 1 
.iiii aware, Mr. Birrell'n visit on the 20th to 
23rd March had no connection whatever with 
Lh? sending of troops to Ireland for the pur- 
pose 'if qii(llur_' and anticipating any rebellion, 
although, of course, had troops' been sent for 
teciUlting purpose* they would hav# heou 



available in case of emergency. If there is 
any other information that I can give from 
the War Office point of view, I shall be most 
happy to do so." 

MR. BIRRELLS EXPLANATION. 

Mr. Birrell, who was present, at once re- 
plied to this letter. He said he would like to 
say that when he gave evidence he had in his 
mind three sets of interviews. One was with 
the War Office, referred to in General 
Macready's letter, on 20th Ma oh, and at the 
Horse Guards with Lord French, and many 
other interviews at different times in Ireland' 
with General Friend. Aiy recollection, he 
went on, is that at all the^e interviews, not- 
ably at those with Lord Frenen and General 
Friend, I made the point I was always mak- 
ing — that it was a most desirable thing to let 
the people of Dublin see our troops marching 
about the streets, and so on. I quite agree 
that so far as the interview at the War Office 
on the 20th March is concerned the object was 
to promote recruiting. It was thought desir- 
able, in order to make recruiting more popu- 
lar in Ireland, that there should be more 
soldiers there. Mr. Birrell, continuing, said 
that stress was laid on the fact that there 
were really fewer soldiers, because there were 
some whose places in the battalion were taken 
by wounded soldiers, which was not animat- 
ing. He thought, therefore, that more troops 
might be sent for the purpose of obtaining 
recruits. Inferentially that would have served 
his other object, because it would have en- 
abled them to have more soldiers in Ireland, 
and prenumably they would have made more 
show in the streets. He agreed, however, 
that that was only a by-point at the inter- 
view, but he made the other point so fre- 
quently that he was "surprised " if he let the 
opportunity pass without laying stress on it. 
In regard to Lord French, he undoubtedly did 
make the point. Wbfle the Commission were 
in Ireland they would, perhaps, see General 
Friend, and ask him what he (Mr. Birrell) 
said to him. 

VISCOUNT MIDLETONS WARNINGS. 

Viscount Midleton, P.C., was then called. ~Je 
said he was acting as the mouthpiece for an in- 
fluential section of Irishmen in Dublin and 
the south. He gave evidence as to drawing 
the attention of the members of the Irish Go- 
vernment to seditious publications in Ire- 
lands in November, 1914, and periodically he 
brought under the notice of Lord Wimborne, 
Mr. Birrell, Sir Matthew Nathan, General 
triend, an J others what he considered proof 
of the growth of the Sinn Fein movement, 
and evidence upon wl-lcli he urged they 
should take action. On one occasion after try- 
ing to impress Mr. Birrell with the seriousness 
of the position, he was met with this state- 
ment of the Chief Secretary — "I laugh at the 
whole thing." 

Witness said he saw certain leaders of 
Irish opinion in Great Britain, and agreed 
with them that a committee should be asked 
to assemble in Dublin and send a report as 
quickly as possible as to the state of Ireland. 

tie subsequently attended a meeting on 



161 



February 28th, at Queen Anne's Gate, and 
was asked to bring Lord Barrymore, Piesi- 
dent of the Irish Unionist Alliance, with him. 
Matters which had been discussed before were 
brought up at this meeting, and Sir Matthew 
Nathan pressed upon him that since their 
previous interview the movement in Ireland 
had been developing more seriously. He 
mentioned to witness the name of the chief con- 
spirators, who were known to the Govern- 
ment, and especially showed him an article 
which Mr. Sheehy Skeffington had written 
in the January number of The Century. 

GENERAL FRIEND AND THE RINGLEADERS. 

General Friend showed at this time that 
he was most anxious to deal with some of 
the ringleaders, but witness gathered that 
General Friend, although he did not say so 
in so many words, was unable to move in the 
matter further, owing to the general attitude 
of the Government towards Ireland, which it 
was impossible to alter. Later in the same 
week, Lord Midleton continued, he had an 
interview with some Irish gentlemen who had 
the report made by the Dublin Committee, 
which had been sitting. He sent this in sub- 
stance to Mr. Birrell. 

THE DUBLIN COMMITTEE'S REPORT. 

The report of the Dublin Com- 
mittee was read by the clerk, and 
set forth details as to the origin of the Sinn 
Fein movement and its development up to 
the time of the rising. Advantage was taken 
of the recruiting campaign of Mr. Redmond 
to develop the anti-British feeling, and this 
feeling was indicated by the breakdown of cer- 
tain criminal prosecutions, and the freedom with 
which seditious journals were published and 
arms and explosives were accumulated by the 
rebels through funds supplied from German 
and lush-American sources. 

The Committee recommended : — 

(1.) That Lord Parmoor's clause should be 
suspended by proclamation, so that charges 
tinder the Defence of the Realm Act might 
be dealt with by the military. 

(2.) That immediate action be taken against 
the printers of journals against recruiting, 
and the suppression of their plant. 

(3.) The suppression of the Irish Volun- 
teers with the confiscation of their arms and 
explosives. 

SIP. MATTHEW NATHAN AND THE SINN FEIN 
MANIFESTO. 

On April 14th he went to Ireland, and had 
a further interview at Dublin Castle 
■with Sir Matthew Nathan, who spoke strongly 
of the advice given by Mr. Dillon and Mr. 
Redmond, and " I protested'," said Lord 
Midleton, "against the Government in any 
way putting their responsibility on the 
shoulders of Mr. Dillon and Mr. Redmond. "- 

Witness said that in his interview with Sir 
Matthew N athan he put to him this point : 
The Irishman is the worst man in the world 
to run away from, and in all possibility the 
inaction in dealing with the conspiracy has 
had the result that even Mr. Redmond is 
in danger of his life. Sir Matthew seemed to 
think that any activity in that direction would 



be rather against some of the officials. B« 
was quite alive to the fact that he was deal- 
ing with desperate men. Witness added that 
he did not go to see General friend on April 
14, as he felt that he was powerless to make 
any move, but he had a private conversation 
with him before the outbreak. 

LORD WIMBORNE'S REVELATIONS. 
INFORMATION WITHHELD FROM HIM. 

Lord Wimborne, Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, gave evidence after luncheon. In the 
course of a lengthy statement, he made a few 
preliminary remarks on the position of the 
Lord Lieutenant and the Irish Government, 
both in general and in particular. Although 
the Viceroy was nominally responsible and the 
prerogative of mercy still devolved upon him, 
yet, since the Chief Secretary for Ireland had 
been in the Cabinet these powers had fallen 
upon the Chief Secretary. The doctrine of 
the Lord Lieutenant's total irresponsibility 
was held by the late Chief Secretary. Very 
soon after assuming office he had reason to 
complain of this state of affairs, and ask for 
a clear definition of his position. He pointed 
out that he had to rely upon the Press for his 
information of current events, and it was not 
till March 17, 1916, that he was furnished 
with daily police reports. These were sup- 
plied for his information, and not with the 
view of obtaining his opinion. At this point 
Lord Wimborne said that Sir Matthew Nathan 
was perfectly frank, and, in view of the fact 
that he differed from him in regard to their 
relative positions and on matters of policy, he 
was never in any sense of the Avord disloyal, 
and he always had the greatest admiration for 
his wliole-hearted devotion to the public ser- 
vice. 

Lord Wimborne next referred to a tour he 
made through Ireland soon after his appoint- 
ment, when he received the impression of 
loyalty everywhere. The Sinn Fein move- 
ment was belittled, derided. He fixed the in- 
troduction of Compulsion in England as the 
time at which their numbers began to in- 
crease steadily and their confidence developed. 
THE CHARGE AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT. 

The charge which he understood would be 
brought against the Government would be 
one of supine blindness and irresolution in 
dealing with the seditious propaganda. Re- 
garding the military precautions, he stated 
that he had several conversations with General 
Friend, and questioned him as to his plans in 
case of trouble, but he was thinking more of 
raids than internal disturbance. Ever since 
the departure of the Irish Division to the 
front last summer he (Lord Wimborne) had 
been of opinion that the Irish garrison was 
inadequate. He mentioned a conference 
he had at the War Office with Lord Kitchener 
on December 13th, 1915, when he pressed for 
reinforcements, and strongly opposed the sug- 
gestion that artillery should be withdrawn. 

The President — Was it all withdrawn? No. 
At that time artillery was very badly needed 
at the front, and Lord Kitchener was sur- 
prised to hear that we had some 16 poundera 
in Ireland,, 



162 



APPLICATION FOR A DIVISION OF TROOPS. 

Lord Wimborne continued, that on March 
23rd he pressed for a division of troops to be 
sent to Ireland. 

The Chairman — That was not to encourage 
recruiting ? 

Witness — That was one object, but so long 
as troops were obtained 1 did not care about 
the plea on which they were obtained. The 
reply of the War Office was, that if troops 
were sent it would involve a delay of a whole 
fortnight in sending troops to the front. He 
replied that it was most important that troops 
should be sent to Ireland. He feared internal 
disorder. 

The Chairman— That was on March 23rd ; 
but did you mention then your fear of internal 
disorder as the reason for the troops being 
sent? No; but a week later I urged the de- 
sirability of troops on that ground. On March 
23rd Mr. Birrell had a private conversation 
with Lord French before the conference. Mr. 
Birrell always advocated the presence of more 
troops in Dublin. Several times in my year 
of otfice he expressed his anxiety for a display 
of power in the capital. 

FEAR OF INTERNAL DISORDER. 

In connection with the fear of internal dis- 
order, he (witness) wrote to Sir Matthew 
Nathan on April 4th, informing him that he 
was going to press for a division of troops on 
the ground that this division would be a 
powerful deterrent. Up to the end of 1915 
the Sinn Fein movement was practically 
negligible as a force, but early in the year 
reports of the Royal Irish Constabulary began 
to disquiet him. These he had only seen in 
a monthly summary. They told of movements 
which gave him serious misgivings. Of the 
intelligence of the Royal Irish Constabulary he 
could not speak in too high terms. 

NIGHT MARCHES AND INTIMIDATION. 

At the close of the year the Sinn Feiners 
only numbered 1,800 in the provinces and 800 
in Dublin ; but later he heard rumours of 
night marches and intimidation, of which he 
could get no official information. He had no 
grounds at the beginning of March for appre- 
hending grave developments, but the state of 
affairs was unsatisfactory, especially in view 
of the ignorance of the movement and the 
difficulty in obtaining conviction by juries. 
These facts convinced him that the proper 
policy was to intern or deport the leaders who 
were under suspicion. In March Lord Midle- 
ton called on him in Dublin and expressed 
his uneasiness, but had nothing tangible to 
report. He undertook to support any amend- 
ment of the Defence of the Realm Act which 
might be found necessary. In March Lord 
Wimborne said he had "had a conversation 
with the Chief Secretary in London, mid ex- 
pressed his inclination in favour of interning 
rather than deporting the suspects The 
next day there was a conference in the House 
of Godwins, when the Chief Secretary was 
present. He then again advocated a policy 
of it.iernment. The reason for this was that 
two men who nad been convicted had refused 



to comply with the order of deportation, and 
had been sentenced in consequence to impri- 
sonment. 

In answer to a question, witness said that 
there was an obscurity about the order of 
deportation. If the suspect left Ireland there 
appeared to be no control over him when he 
left the country. When Sir Edward Carson 
was Attorney-General he advised the Chief 
Secretary to exclude men from the military 
area, and that deportation was rather an ex- 
treme interpretation of the Act. 

LETTER TO THE UNDERSECRETARY. 

On March 15th he (Lord Wimborne) wrote 
to the Under-Secretary informing him that he 
had had a conversation with the Chief Secre- 
tary on the previous day, and he thought it 
was best to wait till after St. Patrick's Day 
before proceeding with any internment. One 
of the men previously deported had reap- 
peared in the rebellion, showing that it was 
not very effective. The Sinn Fein parade on 
March * 17th was poorly attended. Sir 
Matthew Nathan, who reported an attendance 
of 4,500, said he considered that the situation 
had slightly improved. This amelioration was 
short-lived. The seizure of the Press in- 
creased the tendency to armed opposition, 
which was significant, and confirmed his con- 
tention as to the requirement of troops. 
Armed resistance and the discharge of fire- 
arms at Portadown were further signs. There 
was the shooting of police at a meeting on 
March 30th. On the whole, he thought they 
had reason to be satisfied at the result of the 
activity against the Sinn Feiners. 

The Mansion House meeting was a disgrace 
to the Lord Mayor. The Beresford place meet- 
ing was a climb-down after it was seen what 
interpretation was placed on the speeches. 

IMMEDIATE ACTION URGED. 

On April 17 witness said he was informed 
that a ship, accompanied by two German 
submarines, was expected to arrive on the 
21st, and on the following morning "the 
situation was revolutionised " by i'.ie arrest of 
two men (Sir Roger Casement being one) who 
had landed in a boat, and the blowing up 
of a ship supposed to be bearing arms, three 
officers, and 19 crew, all Germans, being taken 
into custody. Then appeared the notice coun- 
termanding the Easter Sunday parades of the 
Irish Volunteers in Dublin. He thought that 
dismay had been caused in the ranks of the 
rebels by the failure of the landing party, but 
on the Saturday he urged immediate action. 
He thought it quite likely that the parades 
having been countermanded the leaders would 
bj sitting in conclave on the Saturday, con- 
spiring against the authorities. On Sunday 
he heard of the seizure of a large 
quantity of gelignite, which was said 
to have been taken to Liberty Hall 
by the rebels, and he strongly urged that 
the leaders should be arrested. He wrote his 
view's to the Chief Secretary, and suggested 
that if he agreed with them he (Mr. Birrell) 
should write and "ginger up Nathan.', 
He realised '* was no good to 
i»tir up a hornet'* nest unless they 



163 



could capture the hornets. Ho was 
strongly in favour of an earlier arrest of sus- 
pects, but was told that there were legal 
questions involved. When it was proposed 
to raid Liberty Hall the Under-Secretary 
disagreed on the ground of illegality, and it 
was decided not to go forvard that night, 
though he (Lord Wimborne) pointed out that 
the arrest of the leaders was the 
more important matter. He did not 
want them to leave Dublin and 
spread the revolt. He eventually signed the 
warrant for the arrest and other operations, 
and took full responsibility. He wanted to 
have at least 100 arrested on .Saturday night 
or Sunday. 

"THE WORST HAS HAPPENED." 

On Easter Monday at 10 a.m. the Under- 
Secretary called with a report that Bailey, 
who had landed with Casement, had been 
arrested, that a man named Monteith was 
stil! at large, t.iat a, rising had been planned 
for that day, and that the Castle was to be 
attacked. He urged the strengthening of the 
Castle guard, but the Under Secretary did 
not agree. He was of opinion, however, that 
in view of the disorganisation of the Sinn 
Fein plans the rising would not take place. 
The Under-Secretary also read him a cipher 
telegram from Mr Birreli agreeing to the 
arrests being made. 

" 1 had completed s letter to the Chief 
Secretary, and was in the act of writing to 
the Prime Minister," Lord Wimborne con- 
tinued, " when at 12.30 we had a telephone 
message from the Chief Constable saying that 
the Castle had been attacked, the Post Office 
seized, St. Stephen's Green occupied, and 
that the insurgents were marching on the 
Viceregal Lodge. I wrote to the Chief Secre- 
tary saying : — 

The worst has happened. . . If only we 
had acted last night with precision and 
arrested the leaders as I wanted it might 
have been over. . . . Nathan still be- 
sieged in the Castle. I hope he will be 
safe Everybody away on holi- 
day. . . . Post Office taken, bridges 
blown up ... If we get through the 
night I nope we shall settle it to- 
morrow. . . No news from the pro- 
vinces. I hear there will be trouble 
there. . . . We must have troops — at 
least a brigade. I should prefer a 
division. The situation is very serious, 
and we need energetic help. 
The Chairman asked what powers the Lord 
Lieutenant possessed over the military move- 
ments. Could he himself give orders which 
the military must obey? 

Lord Wimborne — I don't think so. It is 
a carious position. The name of the Lord 
Lieutenant appears in the Army List in the 
Irish Command, but with no rank of any 
kind connected with it, and no uniform. 

THE ABSURDITY OF THE LORD 
LIEUTENANT'S POSITION. . 

The Chairman — You have pointed out the 
effect on your position — the absurdity of the 
Lord Lieutenant having to rely on the Pres* 



and the divergence between yourself and the 
Under Secretary. Did you' ever point this 
out to Mr. Asquith or any influential person 
in the Government? 

Lord Wimborne— The Chief Secretary was 
cware of the situation. 

The Chairman — You never took any steps 
yourself to have it rectified, were it possible 
to do so? I am of opinion that whoever re- 
presented the Irish Government in the Cabi- 
net is the head of the Irish Government in 
practice. In this case I was the youngest 
of the three Ministers in age, and in tenure 
of office. 

The Chairman— You have already stated 
that in your opinion the troops were insuffi- 
cient, but did they co-operate with the civil 
authorities thoroug'hly in Dublin? Oh, yes. 

Although you brought your own anxieties 
before the Chief .Secretary, did you bring 
them before anyone else in the Government? 
les. 

"EVERY ONE SEEMS TO BE AWAY." 
Lord Wimborne went on to say that when 
the trouble began General Friend was not in 
Ireland. H<> left for England on short leave 
on the Thursday. 

The Chairman — Who would have given him 
leave? 

Lord Wimborne — Upon the system in Ire- 
land everybody seems to b^ away. There is 
no co-ordination. Lord Wimborne added 
that he w r as aware tha*, Genera] 
Friend was on leave. He did not 
think it was suggested to General Friend 
that it was undesirable he should go. Wit- 
ness asked him to write down the name of his 
subordinates if anything happened, and if all 
his plans were ready and in the possession 
of his subordinates. 

The Chairman— Does h not seem extra- 
ordinary that General Friend should have 
gone away, in view of what happened two 
days afterwards ? 

Lord Wimborne — I imagine there had been 
a good many of these false alarms. 

AN EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCE. 

The Chairman — I was much struck by the 
statement you made just now to the effect 
that when the Admiralty obtained the infor- 
mation respecting the German ship accom- 
panied by two German submarines due to 
arrive on the 21st, it was communicated to 
the Admiral at Queenstown, but not direct 
to the Irish Government. 

Lord Wimborne — It was not; so far as I 
know. 

The Chairman — Is it not a very extra- 
ordinary fact that the Admiral at Queens- 
town should have communicated this infor- 
mation in conversation with General Stafford, 
and the Irish Government should not have 
received that information at all ? 

WHY THE RAID WAS DELAYED. 

The Chairman said he did not understand 
why, after the conversation witness had on 
Sunday evening, when it appeared that the 
Under Secretary was in favour of raiding 
Liberty Hall and two other Sinn Fein 
arsenal*, this did not come off. 



164 



The witness replied that the military did 
not think that there was time to do this 
successfully, as it would take three or four 
hours to get the guns up. 

The Chairman — When you urged that the 
Castle guards should be strengthened, did the 
Under Secretary give any reason for 
demurring ? No. 

Surely that was the most obvious measure 
to take? Well, I think at that time of day 
it did not look much like a revolution. My 
idea is — these things began earlier than half- 
past twelve, and my belief isthe whole thing 
was an eleventh hour decision, otherwise 
they would have started sooner. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — You think a re- 
bellion ought to begin immediately after 
breakfast? (Laughter.) 

Lord Wimbcne added that he thought the 
fact that recent Lords Lieutenant had not 
been in the Cabinet led to a loss of their 
personal power in Ireland. It was a question 
whether the Lord Lieutenant was the respon- 
sible Minister or not. Impetus was given 
to the Sinn Fein movement by the fact that 
the people were afraid of compulsion. Many 
people did not want to fight for England. 
Of course, they had obtained many Volun- 
teers in Ireland— 150,000 altogether. Besides 
the Sinn Feiners who were opposed to Eng- 
land, many of the farmer class were apathetic. 
In the towns all over Ireland the Govern- 
ment were very successful in getting recruits. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Had the rebels 
any old soldiers among them ? I do not 
know. 

It seems to have been exceedingly well 
arranged ? Yes, and yet not well enough, 
fortunately. 

Lord Wimborne added that he believed the 
greater number of the Sinn Feiners thought 
they were out for a route march, and did 
not know they were out for a rebellion until 
they were ordered to seize houses. 

NOT SATISFIED WITH THE POLICE REPORTS. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Were you satisfied 
with the police reports? I am not satisfied. 

You think with an efficient detective force 
you ought to have had rather more informa- 
tion than you had? Yes; but the problem 
was a difficult one. The secret was kept in 
a very few hands. 

There had been firing in Ireland at some 
places in March, but there were no arrests? 
No. I wha very much annoyed about that. 
It was difficult, but at the same time I think 
the police ought to have taken notice of it. 
It was a Sinn Fein demonstraticfl to protest 
against our d epoftation order. 

Then how came it be held at the Mansion 
House? 

Lord Wimborne replied that he understood 
that the Lord Mayor was away at the time, 
and it w;is his deputy who was responsible. 

Mr, .ftisiice Shearman — Up to the end of 
1915 you did not think the Sinn Fein move- 
ment wa8 dangerous? Yes. 

Early in 1915 you thought it was getting 
dangerous? 1 thought it was getting unsatis- 
factory, but 1 did nut apprehend a rebellion. 



You saw the military authorities in Eng- 
land about recruiting, and at those interviews 
you did not say you thought it was dan- 
gerous ? No. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — You thought that the 
danger was so serious that you did not stop 
the route marches? It would have been ex- 
tremely foolish to provoke a meeting, and it 
could not have been done without dealing 
with all the Volunteers. You would have 
wanted 100,000 men to enforce it. 
THE CAUSE OF INACTION. 

The President — I suppose this general in- 
action was largely due to the policy of 
non-intervention, which was the acknowledged 
policy of the Government at the time? 

Lord Wimborne — No ; it was due to the 
difficulty of doing anything effective without 
provoking a collision, when, in the first place, 
we had not the troops to enforce it, and, 
secondly, because we were anxious to avoid a 
collision, in view of the major consideration 
of the war. 

SIR DAVID HARREL. 

Sir David Harrel, who ten years agu re- 
tired from the Civil Service in Ireland, where 
he held various appointments, including that 
of Permanent Under Secretary to the Lord 
Lieutenant, made a short statement, in which 
he said that as a member of the Congested 
Districts Board he had many opportunities of 
understanding how feeling ran in Ireland, and 
he was reluctantly obliged to conclude that 
the state of affairs for many years had been 
unsatisfactory. The permission to carry arms 
was attended with danger, and likely sooner 
or later to end in catastrophe. The decision 
some years ago to stop the admission of fire- 
arms was an improvement, but it was not 
sufficiently vigorously enforced. The fact, 
however, "that people carrying arms were ob- 
liged to obtain licences was a most useful 
ordinance, and an advance in the right direc- 
tion. He contended that the Irish generally 
were a peaceful, law -abiding people, but they 
were impressionable, and easily led. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Then you hold 
that a peaceful majority are leH astray by a 
turbulent minority? I am afraid tnat I must 
admit that. 

THE COMMISSION IN DUBLIN. 

The Commission appointed by the Govern- 
ment to inquire into the cause of i he receni 
outbreak of rebellion in Ireland, and the con- 
duct and degree of responsibility of the mili- 
tary and the civil authorities in Ireland in 
connection therewith, which was opened in 
London, resumed its sitting in the Shelbourne 
Hotel, Dublin, on Thursday, 25th May. 

The Commission was presided over by Lord 
Hardinge, the other Commissioners being Mr. 
Justice Shearman and Sir Mackenzie Chal- 
mers. 

SIR NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN, 
INSPECTOR .GENERAL, R.I.C. 

Sir Neville Chamberlain, Inspector General 
of the Royal Irish Constabulary, who was 
ths first witness, read from a typewritten 
document. He explained that the system in 



165 



force in the Royal Irish Constabulary to 
obtain information regarding what went on in 
Ireland has been in existence for many years. 
Every report containing information 
was furnished by witness to the Under Secre- 
tary for the information of the Government. 
He said that the Peace Preservation Act, 
otherwise known as the Arms Act, was re- 
pealed in 1906, and at that time 
lie recorded a strong protest against 
its abandonment, and suggested 

the extension of the Pistols Act of 1903 to 
Ireland, as its restrictions, though small, 
would be a safeguard, some safeguard, against 
the purchase of revolvers for improper pur- 
poses, and he pointed out that the lapse of 
th« Peace Preservation Act would result in 
the formation of rifle Jubs in many places. In 
May, 191-4, he divw the attention of the Go- 
vernment to the undesirable state of things 
that had arisen, which had, he considered, 
imperilled the maintenance of law and order 
in the country by the unrestricted arming of 
the Ulster and the National Volunteer forces, 
*vhich had come into existence owing to the 
acute dispute over the Home Rule question. 
He held the view that in Ireland the training 
and drilling to the use of arms of a great 
part of the male population was a new de- 
parture, which was bound in the not distant 
future to profoundly alter all the existing 
conditions of life. Obedience to the law hid 
never been a prominent characteristic of the 
people. 

THE GROWTH OF SINN FEIN. 

The growth of the Sinn Fein movemen' arose 
out of the various disloyal societies which 
had existed in Ireland prior to 1905, or 
■which came into being under various names, 
since 1905. He had furnished reports on 
these matters. For sewne years between 1906 
and 191 5 the movement fluctuated a good 
deal, and it seemed to have merely afforded 
the usual clique of extremists a means of 
ailing their sedition without apparently doing 
much harm. Dublin had remained the centre 
of the movement hitherto, but in 1907 it ex- 
tended to certain districts of the country, 
and ^he branches had increased from 30 to 
74. In 1908 evidence went to show that the 
bond between the Sinn Fein and the Irish 
Republican Brotherhood had become closer, 
and the object of the two bodies was prac- 
tically the same. It was also evident that 
v v he extreme section of the Gaelic Association 
had endorsed the Sinn F-in doctrines. The 
branches of the Sinn Fein Association con- 
tinued to increase, and in 1910 its activities 
wete directed to the capture of the pro- 
vinces. This at first resulted in little success, 
but in a few places their numbers were 
strong enough to make a show of opposition 
in connection with the Coronation of King 
George. 

COUNTESS MARKIEV1CZ. 

In that year the Countess Markievicz came 
into prominence by establishing the National 
Bov Scouts, which was really a training 
ground lor young rebels In 1911 interest 
In the movement was kept alive by means 
of occasional violei... speeches. The annual 



Sinn Fein Convention was held in Dublin in 
October in that year, and its report went to 
show that its aims and most important work 
was the formation of extremist committees. One 
of the extremists at a meeting in Glasgow 
in 1912 spoke of a riVo T "Jtion in Ireland in 
the near future, which would end in total 
separation from England. Later in that year 
it was ascertained that money was coming 
from America to the Sinn Fein party fen- 
revolutionary purposes, and vvob^ionarf 
doctrines were being advocated at meetings. 
On the question of Home Ruio tLey came 
into antagonism with the Irish party, the 
Sinn Feiners declaring they would accept no 
measure which " leaves a single vestige o? 
British rule in Ireland." Towards the end of 
1913 the Ulster movement suggested the 
formation of the National Volunteers. The 
leading Sinn Feiners seized the opportunity 
of controlling it, and the Parliamentary 
party got suspicion," oi tut"; and protests 
were made rpamst, tho :novcr.:u* A ' :.ing con- 
trolled by " Dublin cranks and extremists.". 

The physical force oo^cy was looked upon 
askance by the majority of Nationalists, who 
were agitating for Home Rule on con- 
stitutional lines. He referred to the forma- 
tion of the Provisional Committee of twenty- 
seven members to organise the Volunteer 
movement. On this Committee were some 
of the men who had since paid the extreme 
penalty for their part in the recent 
rebellion. Prominent figures in the earlier 
organisation were Sir Roger Casement and 
Colonel Maurice Moore, of the Connaught 
Rangers. On the 4th May, 1914, the move- 
ment received the full recognition of the Irish 
Parliamentary Party. At the end of July, 
1914, the membership of the Volunteers had 
increased to 160.000. A good deal was done 
to place it on a military basis, and its consti- 
tution was modelled somewhat on that of the 
rival volunteers of the North. Mr. Red- 
mond's declaration on the outbreak of the 
war did not find favour with the extremists 
in Ireland, and Mr. Redmond's policy 
was openly denounced by such men as Bul- 
roer. Hobson and Major MacBride. It 
was evident from such a state of things 
as then existed that a split would take place, 
and in 1914, as the war broke out, the Sinn 
Ftiners detached themselves from the main 
body of the Volunteers. The Sinn Fein move- 
ment was then carried on by the Irish Volun- 
teers. In Sir Roger Casement they had an 
agent for ca living out their schemes in con- 
nection with Germany. The National Volun- 
teers in the meantime relaxed their activity 
in military practice, and a consiaerable nutn- 
1 er enhsled in the Army. The dislova! section 
embodied in the liish Volunteers continued 
its activity, and repoits were received that 
they were receiving arms through the coi.^f- 
trv, chiefly from Dublin. A certain amount 
of rifles and ammunition was received in Dub- 
Jin in September, 1914, for the disloyal sectH, n 
of the Volunteer*. 

During 19i5 the instructors of the Sinn 
Fein Vohif-teers were busy spreading revo- 
lutionary doctrines, and the military authot'i- 



166 



ties ordered the deportation of ten of their 
number under the Defen-.e of the Realm Act 
Regulations, but some of them came back. 

Witness further stated that he realised that 
this disloyal movement was highly dangerous. 
It wai financed by Irish extremists in 
America and also by Germany, and its pro- 
moters in this country were men who were 
not usually in good ciicumstances. 

In reply to the Chairman, witness stated 
that he agreed with the general resume of 
facts given by Sir Matthew Nathan in London 
before the Commission. It appeared to have 
been based largely on reports sent to the Go- 
vernment from the R.I.C. 

STRENGTH OF THE R.I.C. 

The Chairman — Can you give me the 
strength of the R.I.C. at present? On 24th 
April.. 1916, there were 165 District Inspec- 
tors, 235 Head Constables, and 9,101 men. 
Ten years a"o the total number of men was 
9,479. 

What is the highest number of the Royal 
Irish Constabulary in the last twenty years? 
The highest number was in 1883, which was 
14,115. When I assumed command of the 
force in 1900 its strength was 10,662. 

Were you favourable to recruiting 
from the R.I.C. at the beginning 
of the war? On my suggestion two hundred 
men were allowed to join the Irish Guards. 
No more -men were allowed to join, except 
about twelve officers, until June, 1915, when 
tho Press ur^ r ed the desirability of more 
Royal Irish Constabulary joining. Witness dis- 
cussed the matter with the Under Secretary 
and with the Chief Secretary, and it was 
aizre^d to let seventy-two volunteers join the 
Army. On 29th September Mr. Birrell wrote 
to witness that Lord Kitchener was very 
anxious to secure more men of the R.I.C. 
for the Irish Guards, but he (Mr. 
BirrelJ) said he was alive to the danger of 
stripping the Constabulary of their strength, 
especially having regard to the large numbers 
vi armed men in Ireland. 

LORD KITCHENER 5 PROMISE. 

Lord Kitchener asked how many men 
he could get, be undertaking that 
should any grave emergency arise 

in Ireland he would not leave them 
(tl.it was. the Irish Government) in the 
bii-r-. Mr Bin ell told witness he could pro- 
vide 1000 man. Witness said he would do 
everything he could to obtain the 1,000 
men, but for variotis reasons only 350 men 
werts enlisted since that (bite. Altogether 745 
joined, and, in addition, we lent to the Army 
fhe service? ot 41 trained drill instructors. 
\V t'.-ess went on to refer to speeches that 
had been mad- at public .meetings advocating 
the reduction of the police force, and in par- 
ticular be quoted h speech made on I 7 eb:uary 
2nd, L316, in Galway, in -*diich Mr. Redmond 
lemaiked that the polit* wee was twice too 
laiye. 

Ui-1 yon not think an undesirable state of 
affairs had arisen in 1914 imperilling the 
miii.tenance of law and order by the unre- 
«tii't<i arming of the Ulster, and later of 
ji.e National, Volunteer forces? In 



In May, 1914, I drew the at- 

tention of the Government officially to 
the undesirable state of affairs that existed. I 
suggested that events were moving rapidly, and 
that every county would soon have an armed 
body outnumbering the police, that, in fact, 
the situation was seriously embarrassing the 
police. This representation was made to the 
Government in May, 1914. Sir Neville 
said that the R.I.C. had always had anxiety as 
regarded explosives. lie had suggested that all 
persons unconnected with the forces of the 
Crown should be obliged to have a military 
permit to carry rifle.> or revolvers. That repre- 
sentation was made to the Government in 
January, 1916. 

Why has the requirement of a licence 
for a rifle not been enforced? The Govern- 
ment would not enforce it. 

Is there no law in Ireland against drilling 
• — could it not be dealt with under the law 
against illegal assemblies? It could, but 
really it would he no use here, because where 
you have magistrates who would give them 
power you cannot prevent them from drilling. 

But in carrying out your duties were you 
fully supported by the Executive in what you 
considered were necessary measures? The posi- 
tion is this, sir, that I have made various re- 
commendations to the Government on the art- 
vice of very experienced officers who advised 
me in such matters, especially for the main- 
tenance of law and order in Ireland, and the 
Government have not seen fit to adopt tnem 
in many instances. 

Did you consider that this policy of non- 
intervention in practice tended to discourage 
activity on the part of the Constabulary, and 
inclined them to turn a blind eye to what was 
going on? I think that unquestionably the 
policy of non-intervention, not only as regards 
tiirin Fein, but other things that have arisen, 
tended to discourage the officers and men of 
the force, but I am confident that it had no 
effect on the zeal of the men. 

DESTROYING THE RAILWAY. 

Was there any destruction of the railway 
line on the morning of the 24th or night of 
the 23rd at Kildare? There was.. 

You say that in November there was great 
anxiety to get arms and ammunition into 
Dublin. What I want to know is, what was 
the date of the proclamation which prohibited 
the importation of arms? 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Your view of Sinn 
Fein is that it was not dangerous until the 
men were armed? Not actively dangerous. 

What was your view as to permitting any 
volunteer organisation to be armed or drilled 
— what was your view of its results? With 
the growth of large bodies of trained men the 
police eventually would become powerless. 

You represented that view in the ordinary 
•way to the authorities? In a special monthly 
report. Witness indicated that he would 
furnish copies of. his reports to the Commis- 
Bioners. 

Have vou recommended to the Government 
any piosccut ion that they have not in- 
stituted? Some of our recommendations the 




Photo by] [Lafayette. 

HIS EXCELLENCY LORD WIMBORNE. 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 



Photo by] [Lafayette. 

THE RIGHT HON. AUGUSTINE BIRRELL, M.P. 

Late Chief Secretary of Ireland. 





Photo by! [Lafayette. 

SIR NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN, late Inspector. 

General of the Royal Irish Constabulary. 



Photo by] [Lafayette. 

COU. E, JQHHSTQNE. Chief Commissioner Dublin 

Metropolitan Police. 



168 



Government didn't carry out, probably on 
the advice of the law ofncei's. 

The witness here handed in a file, which he 
said contained a volume of police private 
information on the subject. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers said he only wanted 
to know if where the police thought there was 
a reasonable case the Government declined 
tc prosecute. 

The witness's answer was not heard. 
In answer to further questions by Sir Mac- 
kenzie Chalmers, the witness said that he 
did not know that there was any hostility to 
the Government on the part of the Gaelic 
Athletic Association, except that soldiers, 
police, or naval sailors were not allowed to 
take part in their sports. No one in uniform 
would be permitted to join them. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — We have heard 
that the Dublin Metropolitan Police and the 
Royal Irish Constabulary act loyally to- 
gether ? Yes. 

Don't you think that two different forces 
are less effective than if you had but one 
force ? I should say that is so. 

COLONEL MOORE'S POSITION. 
You mentioned earner m your evidence the 
name of Colonel Moore. What happened to 
him ? 

Witness was understood to say he was then 
speaking abcut the National Volunteers, which 
came into existence on the growth of the 
Ulster Volunteers. He wished it to be clearly 
understood that he did not cast any imputa- 
tion upon Colonel Moore. That gentleman was 
associated with the Volunteer movement in it-i 
early days, but when the disloyal element got 
into it he would have nothing more to do with 
it, 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — You have had 
frequent communications with Mr. Biirell 
when he is here? 

Witness — Yes, when he is here. 
Sis Mackenzie Chalmers — When was he 
here ? 

Witness — He was here in February. 
The examination of the Inspector-Genera! 
then con< luded. His answers to questions dur- 
ing the latter portion of his examination were 
in many case 1 ' cither' inaudible or indistinctly 
heard at the Pre** table. 
DEPUTY 'INSPECTOR GENERAL \V. A. 

O'CONNEI I., R.I.C. 
Mr. W. A O'Connell, Deputy Inspector- 
General, R.I.C., was next called, and referred 
to certain recommendations he had made as to 
amendments in the Defence of the Realm 
Regulations. There was a conference at the 
Castle to consider them, at which were present 
the Under-Secretary, General Friend, and the 
Bolifitor-General. The only suggestion ac- 
tepted was one dealing with the question of 
explosives, it being the only one discussed. It 
pas bis impression that the other recommenda- 
■ tions had been discussed by the higher au- 
thorities and ruled out. 
COI.ONEI. EIHiEWORTH, JOHNSTONE;, 

CHIEF COMMISSIONER. I). MP. 
Colonel W. Edgeworth J<. hi. M<,i;r, Chief 
Comvti) sioner, Dublin \fetrj6pdtita,n I 
was examined. Ho described bit frac- 



tions and duties. In the case of ordinary 
breaches ot the law the police under his con- 
trol acted without instructions, but in any case 
of a political kind everything had to be re- 
ferred to the Under Secretary. In such cases 
he (witness) was directly under control of the 
Chief Secretary, or, in his absence, th* Under 
Secretary. Take the particular time they had 
passed through. Anything that would involve 
the arrest of a Sinn Feiner, or anything of 
that sort, had to be referred to the Chief 
Secretary's Department. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — I am at a loss to 
understand the difference? I will give you an 
instance. Supposing we got information that 
there was stolen property in a house, I can 
get a magistrate's warrant, but supposing ' 
got information that a Shin Feiner had arms 
and explosives in his possession I go to t > 
Chief Secretary. 

If you think it is a crime why cannot you 
act on your own initiative? These are my 
instructions. 

The system is that in political matters you 
ask for the Castle to help you? I ask for in- 
structions as to what action, if any, is to be 
taken. 

It was stated by Sir Matthew Nathan in 
his evidence in London that there had been 
a mimic attack on Dublin Castle. " No such 
thing took place," said the witness; "it is 
a fairy tale. On the night of the 16th Oc- 
tober a large portion of the Sinn Fein 
Army marched by Ship street, close to the 
Castle, but these manoeuvres took place be- 
tween the Castle and Stephen's Green. There 
never was a mimic attack of any kind on 
the Castle, nor did the Castle form any por- 
tion of these manoeuvres. 

Mr. Justice Shearman read a report of 
Superintendent Dunne which contained the 
following: — "It is a serious state of affairs 
to have the peace of the city endangered by 
a gang of roughs with rifles and bayonets 
at large at that time of night, with a female 
like the Countess Markievicz in charge." 

Witness said they (the Citizen Army) went 
in two parties, as if they weie surrounding 
somewhere. The other party was manoeuvring 
in Stephen's Green.. .. i 

NO ATTEMPT TO SEARCH LI 3ERTY HALL..! 

Mr. Justice Shearman — As to the subject, of. 
explosives, was there any attempt to search 
Liberty Hall for explosives? 

Witness — That was another account that 
got into the papers that was not correctly 
stated. , There was no atternpt to .search, it. ; 
The police seized the printing press of th9 
Gael, and they searched a newspaper shop for , 
copies of the publication. They went intp a'. 

?aper, sh,op which apparently belonged to ,th© 
ransport Workers' Union, and there they 
discovered that , this shop led , by. a, back 
passage intp Liberty Hall, where the police met 

i the members of the Liberty Hall organ isation. r 
They aske.d fori the production of the i warrant, 

, and the police telephpned to him. Hetold a 
superintendent/, that; he had better go dpwm 
and take the warrant with him, and, the police 
were not; interfered with in searching the shop., 
There was no warrant to search Liberty HaU^ 



169 



nor was there any intention of so doing. The 
statement in the newspapers that such a 
seaich had taken place was not correct. 
VOLUNTEER RIFLES STOLEN. 

Asked by the Chairman as to the importa- 
tion of arms, witness said that in 1915 there 
were a number of rifles — 100 rifles — con- 
signed to the National Volunteers, which came 
in openly with the permission of the Govern- 
ment, but they were stolen from the railway 
company, without doubt with the connivance 
of someone in the employment of the company. 
Thp rifles were taken away at about two 
o'clock in the morning of 14th August, 1915, 
and apparently removed in a motor car. These 
particular rifles stolen v\ere consigned to Mr. 
John Redmond by name at a hall in Rutland 
square. The seizures of arms in the port of 
Lublin totalled 500 rifles and guns, six re- 
volvers, 207,000 rounds of ammunition, and 
765 bayonets. A certain number of these 
were delivered. The figures did not cover 
one seizure, but were for the whole time. 

Witness said he had always advocated t'e 
suppression of seditious newspapers. Asked 
by the Chairman as to the steps 
taken for dealing with alien enemies, witness 
explained that he pointed out that 
these aliens were in possession of a number of 
sites overlooking Kingstown, Monkstown, and 
other pla.ces. They were interned. They were 
generally men of good character, and there 
was nothing against them, but they were 
mostly of military age. He did not connect 
them with the Sinn Fein movement. "My 
other recommendations," continued the wit- 
ness, "were those dealing with the Sinn 
Fein party and the Citizen Army. 1 always 
held one view about them— that they were 
dangerous organisations. My view was that 
the only wav to stamp them out was to ar- 
rest the leaders, and intern them in England 
during the war, and disarm the rank and file." 
PLAN FOR DEALING WITH THE LEADERS. 

The Chairman — Did you recommend that 
at the conferences? 1 was not present at the 
first conference, but 1 was present at the Vice- 
regal Lodge on 23rd April, when a conference 
was called for the purpose of deciding whether 
the explosives traced to Liberty Hall should 
be raided at once. That was on Sunday at 10 
o'clock. In the absence of Major-General 
Friend the officer acting in his stead stated 
that they wanted more time to have proper 
preparations. I agreed with him, but I 
stated that by searches we were only nibbling 
at the thing He agreed to it, the Under 
Secretary agreed, and it was the unanimous 
opinion of the members of the conference that 
my plan should be put into execution. My 
plan was that the police, assisted by the mili- 
tary if necessary, should simultaneously ar- 
rest all leaders, some 20 to 30, in their homes 
in Dublin about two o'clock in the morning, 
send them immediately across Channel, and 
intern them on the other side. Meanwhile 
their strongholds in Dublin should be occu- 
pied by strong pickets, so that the rank and 
file, hearing ofthe arrest of the leaders, would 
not be able to mobilise and arm. I considered 
that after that a house to house search should 



be carried out, and all known Sinn Feintra 
should be disarmed, and all drlling and 
marching and arming, except with Govern- 
ment permission, should be stopped. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Before anything was 
done you would have to have the sanction of 
the Chief Secretary ? Yes. 

Did the military authority say that he had 
not enough men ? I think co, and I don't 
think he had. I would not be in favoui of 
doing it myself that night. It would have 
taken a few days' preparations. Mr. Birrell 
was rather favourably inclined to the plan, 
and I think it would have been cai'ried out. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers— What stopped it! 
I don't know. He left next day, and we never 
got any further. That was at the interview 
on February 9th. 

STOLEN DYNAMITE. 

Witness in the course of further evidence 
explained that the conference a.t tha Viceregal 
Lodge was called in reference to dynamite 
stolen at Brittas by rebels on Easter Sunday, 
which the police located at Liberty Hall, 'lhe 
course which he recommended to be adopted 
was recommended to the Under Secretary on 
March 7th, in addition to the recommendation 
in February. As regards 'he arrest of the 
Sinn Ffin organisers, witness stated that he 
was not in favour of it, as it was only stirring 
them up and they were paid organisers. Fouc 
night manoeuvres were held, and there was a 
series of recruiting meetings arranged like 
Armv meetings. They got a gieat deal of 
recruits, probably between 300 and 400. 

The witness handed in a report which was 
made to him by an officer of the " G " 
Division, referring to the recruiting meetings 
held bv the S)nn Feiner*. In that report it 
was stated that these meetings were undesirable 
and that they were causing annoyance and 
uneasiness to loyal citizens. It was also 
Btated that the meetings were having an 
adverse effect upon recruiting for the Armv, 
and that the Sinn Fein party were gaining 
in numbers and equipment. That report 
was dat^d 8th April, and it was sent to the 
Under Secretary, and must have been seen 
by the Chief Secretary and by the Lord 
Lieutenant. The Lord Lieutenant had male 
a note of the document, but it did not come 
back to witness until he sent for it a day 
or two ago. The Irish Volunteers in Dublin 
numbered 2,225, and they had 825 rifles, the 
Citizen Army 100, and they had 125 rifles; 
the A.O.H. (American Alliance) 140, and 
they had 25 rifles. The National Volunteers 
in Dublin Bnmbered 4,100, and they had 793 
rifles. 

INFORMATION FOR MR. BIRRELL. 

The Chairman — Mr. Birrell in his state- 
ment said thnt everybody seemed to have 
known that the outbreak was about to take 
place, but that he never had any informs* 
tion as regards what happened in Dublin? 

The Witness — I beg to assure you that our 
"G" reports, with what I consider full in- 
formation, and I think fairly accurate, were 
submitted. 

Was there any minute about not seizing 
arms? No, but I was told directly, before 



170 



making any search for arms in any house, to 
get directions from the Under Secretary. 
When I came here first I had several houses 
searched without reference to the Under 
Secretary, but there was a question in 
Parliament. 

You say you got express directions nut to 
search houses? Yes. 

And not to stop armed processions? No. I 
dare not interfere with any of them on my 
own responsibility. 

It was clear, the witness said, in answer to 
questions by Sir Mackenzie Chalmers, that there 
was mischief going on for f„ considerable 
time in Liberty Hall and in the other strong- 
holds of the rebels throughout the city He 
did not think much ammunition was kept 
in Liberty Hall, as he believed it was pretty 
well scattered about. There might have 
been useful documents found if the place had 
been raided, and perhaps bombs were manu- 
factured there. 
MAJOR PRICE ON LEADERS AND FUNDS. 

Major Ivor H. Price, LL.D., a County In- 
spector of the Royal Irish Constabulary, and at 
present holding an appointment as Intelligence 
Officer at the Irish Military Headquarters, 
stated that he acted as intermediary between 
the militarv authorities in Ireland, the 
Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, the Royal 
Irish Constabulary, and the Dublin Metro- 
politan Police. Between August and No- 
vember, 19 K, 900 rifles wore sold to the Irish 
Volunteers by an English firm In many 
places in Ireland it was perfectly hopeless to 
try a man by summary jurisdiction under 
the Defence of the Realm Regula- 
tions. Duiing the past ten years 
people had been made magistrates who 
had no local stranding, and were practically 
of no principle. When anything was done 
by the authorities in the way of suppressing 
a paper it waj at once deprecated by the Na- 
tionalist Press. His information was that the 
Army lost E0.0C0 men as the result of the 
Sinn, Fein propaganda in Ireland. 
A REPORT ON IRELAND. 

Witness, continuing, said that a fnitmght 
before the outbreak he had been asked for 
a report on the state oi Ireland, which 
he supplied, and in which he pointed out th;.t 
while recruiting wa= satisfactorily gojne on, 
it was not so amongst the farmers and shop- 
keeping classes. Prejudice and the attitude 
of the official Nationalist Party up to the 
outbreak of the war, the lukewarmness of the 
clergy, and the fact that the farmers and 
shopkeepers looked down on the Army were 
reasons why recruiting amongst that class 
■was not satisfactory. As to the Sinn 
Feiners, the work of organisation was very 
lete, and they had their members well 
trained. They practised rifle shooting and 
drill, and ha! officers' training schools, etc. 
No members would join the Army, an 1 they 
acted as an anti-recruiting league Consider- 
able amounts of money had come from 
America, and the Sm/i Feiners were able to 
pay tight organisers £150 per annum; while 
tUy Uept up their policy through the 



medium of a series of disloyal papers. They 
also got control of the Gaelic League. They 
procured rifles, revolvers, ammunition, and 
high explosives wherever they could get 
them. On one occasion- 500 bavenets were 
seized by the police, and on another occasion 
guns and revolvers were seized on being 
brought from Dublin to Wexford. They 
were working up for rebellion in Ireland if 
they got the chance. The Government were 
aware of this report, and witness had sent 
five copies to the War Office. 

"ONLY TYPICAL." 
Continuing, witness read an account of the 
rrarade of the Irish Volunteers in College 
Green on St. Patrick's Day, and said it was 
a translation of a letter, dated 14th April last, 
written in Irish from St. Mary's College, 
Rathmines, Dublin. He had described that as 
an extremely bad' letter, pointing to some out- 
break during the summer of this year. The 
letter had been sent to the thief Secretary, 
the Under Secretary, and the Lord Lieutenant. 
The Under Secretary wrote, " The outbreak 
m the summer - look upon as vague talk." 
Mr. Birrell wrote, " The whole letter is 
rubbish," and Lord Wimborne initialled it. 
(Laughter.) '• Tha u is only typical," added 
the witness, amidst renewed laughter. 

Continuing, witness said that the document 
read at tne Corporation meeting (y Alderman 
T. Kelly had been printed at Liberty Hall. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Have you any 
notion who invented that story .' I am told 
it was the Countess Markievicz — at any rate 
there was a lot of clever people there. The 
O'Rahilly had an income of about £900 
h year of his own, and MacNeill about £600. 
1 think that monev was expended in tne 
cause by these men. There was one firm — 
Messrs. Lawler — implicated, and we had to 
seize the stock." In reference to members of 
the Irish Executive. Major Price stated that 
on a matter of policy it always struck him 
that they were guided by tne upinion of out- 
siders, members of the Parliamentary Party, 
and " they went against my opinion al- 
together." 

Mr. Justice Shearman— You could see that 
the outbreak was boiling up? Yes. 

Ori that particular day? No, not, until a 
few days before, until we hear." about Case- 
ment's landing. About five day.-, before I saw 
a letter in which it was stated that the ship 
was coming. 

That was for an outbreak generally, not in 
Dublin specially? Yes. Of course, the heads 
were in Dublin. Witness further stated that 
he was present at the conference at the Vice- 
regal Lodge. The Lord Lieutenant did not 
realise things, and he was rather hasty. His 
Excellency wanted to rush Liberty Flail for 
the purpose of getting back the 2501bs. of 
dynamite. The proposal was that 100 soldiers 
and 100 policemen should rush the hall. Those 
who knew that bombs were being made there, 
at Kimmage, and at Croydon Park knew that 
the leaders would not be there. Probably 100 
liv .s would have betn lost, and then the Presa 
, would com6 down and say, " Nothing waa 
gcing lo happen; you should not have inter- 



171 



fered with them ; it is Bachelor's Walk again." 

The Chairman — Is it a good military reason 
not to do a thing because somebody might say 
something afterwards? No, of course not, but 
I knew that would have been said. What 
we meant to do was to surround the place in 
the morning with about 1,000 soldiers, and' 
take all the leaders simultaneously. 

Major Price further stated that the order 

of Mr. MacNeill preventing the parade deceived 

everybody. At that time he knew that the 

••ship had gone down and that Casement was 

arrested. 

In reply to the Chairman, the witness said 
that he had not been able to trace who the 
money came from in America. It was brought 
over by hand. He had seen letters from 
Denis A. Spellessy, who was secretary to an 
organisation in the United States for arming 
the Irish Volunteers. 

Witness went on to say that the ammuni- 
tion used by the rebels in the fighting in 
Dublin was of a terrible character. There 
were flat nosed bullets, split bullets, and 
in the Po-t Office reverse bullets were found. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — That is a German 
trick that has been played in Flanders ? Yes. 
There were buckshot, slugs, and bombs made 
out of workmen's cans. He mentioned 
that there were now at the Ordnance Stores 
365,000 rounds of ammunition captured from 
the rebels. 

CAPTAIN R. C. KELLY. 

Captain R. C. Kelly, Munitions Depart- 
ment, Dublin, deposed to his connection 
with recruiting in Ireland. At a conference 
ao the War Office at wnirh Lord Kitchener, 
Lord Wimborne, and Mr. Birrell were present, 
he (witness) at the close of the conference 
asked would the increased Sinn Fein activities 
be again allowed to interfere with recruiting. 
He was stopped' by His Excellency and Mr. 
Birrell from proceeding. 'Ine arrangement 
was made to send a large number of troops to 
Ireland in May of this year to discourage 
Sinn Fein activities, but not to suppress '..he 
organisation. 
MR. NORWAY AND THE POST OFFICE. 

Mr. A. H. Norway, Secretary of the 'ost 
Office in Ireland, read a long report, in the 
course of which he referred to a rtaterrient 
that the Post Office in Dublin was a nest of 
Sinn Fciners. In March, 1915, the Government 
decided to issue a warning letter to all mem- 
bers of the Irish Post Office staff, who wen 
active members of the Irish Volunteers. He 
had been supplied with the names of 48 per- 
sons forward'ed to him by the Under Secre- 
tary, and to his mind in the case cf some of 
these the suspicion was light and indefinite. 
Punishment was meted out where punishment 
was deemed necessary. 

The Chairman — Do you know what was the 
attitude of the officials of the Post Office 
when it was attacked? I understand all 
t'nG officials of the Post Office were turned 
cut, except cue female telegraphist, who re- 
mained behind to ctrse a wounded sergeant. 
Upon this question cf the loyalty of the 
Pest Office start— and I do not wish to ex- 
clude the possibility that there may tsve 



been disloyalty — it is well to remember that 
the conduct of the staff during this crisis and 
throughout the war has been quite excellent. 
In the restoration of the public service after 
the insurrection they acted with a zeal and 
public spirit which seem to banish some of 
the reasons for thinking that there can be 
many disloyal persons amongst them. 

MAJORGENERAL FRIEND. 

Major-General the Right Hon. L. B. Friend 
was called at the sitting of the Commission on 
Friday, 26th May. 

The Chairman — Would you tell the 
Commission how long you have been 
in your present command? I came 
to Ireland in January, 1913, as Major- 
General in Charge of Administration, and I 
continued in that office until September, 
1914, when I was told to take over command 
of the troops in addition to my other duties. 
From then up to April 28th I was doing both 
duties, and on that date Sir John Maxwell 
came and took over command of the troops, 
and I reverted to General in Charge of Ad- 
ministration. 

General Friend then read from his 
notes. He stated that during 1913 and 
the first part of 1914 he saw and watched the 
progress and arming of various bodies of 
Volunteers in Ireland. On the outbreak of 
the war these movements took a new turn, 
and the existing volunteer organisations all 
over Ireland came forward and helped the 
military authorities energetically, and large 
numbers joined the ranks of the Army. 
About October, 1914, a new organisation of 
Volunteers came prominently before his 
notice. It was opposed to recruiting, and the 
members were obliged, he understood, to take 
an obligation that they would not enlist in 
the Army. That organisation, popularly 
called the Sinn Fein or Irish Volunteers, 
fluctuated in its character and numbers, but 
its members gradually increase, and arms 
obtained in various ways had increased until 
the military authorities thought that they 
would be obliged to take action, which con- 
sisted chiefly of trial before a magistrate, de- 
portation of organisers, and' the suppression 
of certain newspapers. His anxiety was 
increased in the beginning of this 'ear 
when the Sinn Fein organisation Lecame 
bolder and more openly anti-military and 
anti-recruiting, and' he thought that possibly 
a collision might happen at any moment, 
especially in Dublin, Co:.:, and Ilillarney, 
where there had been demonstrations against 
recruiting. In addition to this anxiety which 
he felt, he had seen various reports from the 
War Office, and from the Admiralty at 
Queenstown. The first warnings began in 
December, 1914, of a possible landing of 
arms from Germany, America, and other 
places, accompanied 1 by risings of disaffected 
persons, as well as of the Irish Volunteers. 
These alarms were going on for eighteen 
months, and the south and west of Ireland 
were mentioned as proTable places of these 
landings, especially the Counties of Cork, 
Limerick, Kerry, Clare, and Galway. Oa 



172 



February 9th be attended a meeting at which 
the Chief Secretary and the Under Secretary 
were present. In consequence of that meeting 
he wrote specially to the General Headquarters 
of the Home Forces, and to the Adjutant- 
General at the War Office, and correspondence 
ensued between himself and those officials, and 
there were certain interviews. 

GREATER POWER NEEDED. 

The Chairman — Di,d you make any de- 
mands ? Yes. I told Headquarters of the Home 
Forces of the interview 1 had with Mr. Birrell 
and Sir Matthew Nathan, of the importance 
I attached to this bolder and more open i.nti- 
military nature of the Minn Fein organisation. 
I thought that under the Defence of the Reaim 
Act I could not do mucn more than 1 had uone 
up to date. I thought, that greater power 
should be given me to take stronger action. 

Was that approved by the War Office? I 
will show you the correspondence afterwards 
in consequence of which Lord French saw Mr. 
Birrell in London. 

Witness then handed in a number of letters 
which the Chairman read, and said that in the 
public interest their contents should not be 
disclosed 

Witness, resuming, said that during April 
of this year the military received further 
warning of possible landings of arms and 
simultaneous risings of disaffected persons. 
They took some further precautions with the 
troops they had at their disposal in Ireland. 

You consulted Dublin Castle, I suppose? 
No; not in regard to the movement of troops. 

The Chairman— Did you consider the forces 
you had at your disposal sufficient to meet the 
possibility of a rising or internal trouble? 
f had to balance between the re- 
quirements in England, knowing they 
were pretty much in need of troops, anj 
whether 1 should call on them in uxtremi 
emergency for more troops, or do the best 
I could with what tvoops 1 had. Up to Annl 
I took the responsibility of saving myself that 
] had sufficient to meet any emergency, w'th 
the condition that they were ready at slioit 
notice to send me additional troops font 
England. 

To whom were you directly responsible': lo 
the War Office. 

And now to Lord French? Yes. 

DEPARTURE FOR ENGLAND. 

On 17th April Lord Wimborne was in- 
formed that a ship, accompanied by two 
German submarines, was expected to arrive 
on the 21st? I think he got the information 
through me from the Under Secretary. 
There was no dale, I think. "Not later than 
22nd," 1 think that was the way it wad 
Stated. 

You left on the 23rd for England ? On the 
evening of the 21st, Friday. 

Was not that a Huh' risky? I may say 
I heard about the capture of (he boat before I 
started, and on arrival in London on Satur- 
day morning 1 wcnl straight to Home Ecrces 
Headquarters. 

[jp to tlic time V( ii left had you heard cf 

the sinking of the ship? I beard that on 



Saturday, in London, at the War Office. If 
I had heard the other news, I think I should 
have returned to Ireland immediately. 

The Chairman — But you . heard of Case- 
ment's arrest ? 1 . did, on Friday evening. 
I think I should have started in any case, 
and come back on the "following day. 

Mr. Justice Shearman— Did it not occur to 
you that risings and riots might occur on a 
bank holiday, when people were at leisure ? 
Well, we had St. Patrick's Day and 
Christmas. I was within touch with the 
Irish headquarters, and I waited, of course, 
on Saturday to hear of anything likely to 
occur. I went back to the War Office on 
Monday, and heard this serious news, and I 
came back to Ireland at once. 

When you prepared to go on leave on the 
21st you had leave from the War Office ? 
From the headquarters of the Home Forces. 

From Lord French? 1 mentioned to him 
that I was going over about several things. 

And I suppose, in a case like that, you 
always told the Lord Lieutenant you were 
going away ? I did in this case. I remem- 
ber His Excellency asking me who would 
act in my absence, and I told him that 
General Lowe would act at the Curragh, and 
Colonel Cowan, Adjutant-General of the Irish 
Command, would act in Dublin. 

On what date did you suggest Liberty Hall 
should be opened up? I have several dates 
on which 1 suggested it — when they were 
getting bolder. 
CONSULTING THE NATIONALIST LEADERS. 

Mr. Justice Shearman said he had a docu- 
ment before him on which was endorsed — ■ 
" Before acting we should consult the 
National leaders." 

General Friend — "We" means Dublin 
Castle. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — You were not 
in touch with the Nationalist leaders? 
No, sir ; I saw them and had 
letters from time to time from many 
Irish members of Parliament. Witness, 
proceeding, said that what he wanted was 
that the Irish Government should agree to a 
raid on Liberty Hall, and those other places 
where there was a store of arms. Up wanted 
notice in order to get a force of troops lio.i 
England. His idea, was to make one big 
blow. 

When did you first suggest that? I think 
it was in October of last year. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — The negotiations 
never got to the stage that you applied to the 
War Office for extra troops? No. 

In your various communications did you 
communicate with Sir Matthew Nathan or 
with Mr. Birrell direct? With Sir Matthew 
Nathan. 

He was the neck of the bottle — the com- 
munications went through him to Mr. 
Birrell ? Yes. 

THE CHIEF DANGER SPOT. 

Before tho rising where did you think the 
chief danger centre was— in the South or in 
Dublin? In the South as regards this 
Crg4aifl«d attempt to land arms. 



173 



And when you heard that Casement's in- 
vasion had failed, I suppose you thought 
that probably would put an end to all risings 
in Ireland ? Yes 

COLONEL COWAN. 

Colonel H. V. Cowan, C.V.O., C.B., the 

next witness, said he would like to make it 
clear what occurred at C > Conference at the 
Viceregal Lodge at the interview on Sunday, 
23rd April. At 8 o'clock that evening Sir 
Matthew Nathan called upon witness, and 
told him that His Excellency wished to see 
him. He accompanied Sir Matthew in a 
motor car to the Viceregal Lodge. On the 
way he told witness that 2501bs. of gelignite 
had been stolen that morning from a quarry, 
and' had been brought to Liberty Hall, ; nd 
that His Excellency wanted a raid on the ! ill. 
His Excellency repeated that to witness, and 
suggested that a raid should be made in 
order to recover the gelignite the following 
morning, Monday, 24th April. He was aware 
that Liberty Hall was strongly guarded and 
that Volunteers were constantly coming :md 
going, and that for some months they had 
Leen getting supplies of high explosives in 
small quantities. He felt, therefore, that the 
raid on Liberty Hall would not be successfully 
carried out without considerable fighting, and 
that it was very improbable they would suc- 
ceed in getting" the gelignite. It was manu- 
factured in small sticks, and could be easily 
removed in pockets or haversacks. One man 
could carry away 21bs. or 2 bs. at a time, and 
fts they were continually coming and going, 
witness thought there would be very little lift 
when the raid would take place. It would be 
only stirring up a hornet's nest with the lorce 
available. 

A BAD DAY TO CHOOSE. 

Witness also felt that Easter Mon- 
day would' be a peculiarly bad day to choose, 
but before expressing a definite opinion wit- 
ness told His Excellency h? should like to see 
the Chief Commissioner of Police. An arrange- 
ment was made that witness should return to 
the Viceregal Lodge at !"• o'clock that night. 
He knew that General Friend's view was that 
if. su r 'h a raid was to be made they would 
have ,to get reinforcements from the Curragli 
.and Athlone, and the time left between half- 
past eight o'clock, when witness left the Lodge,! 
and dawn the following morning, which was 
the best time for the operation, was too f'lort 
get up these troops. Witness returned to 
. Lodge at 10 p.m., accompanied by Major 

)wen Lewis and Major Price; and' found Sir 
; ; Xatthew Nathan and Colonel Johnstone; al- 
' tady there. The question was discussed, and 
Jolonel Johnstone was very much of the same 
opinion as witness that Easter Monday was a 
bad day, as the city would be full of Volun- 
teers and' holiday makers/ that if they raided 
Liberty Hall they should also raid the rbher 
depots, and that the leaders should be arrested 
at the same time., ; Several other suggestions 
were ' made, and it . was , ultimately decided 
! 'that .the? thing should, , be postponed untij a 
''later day. IJiat , was ( principally on Sir 
Matthew Nathan's representation that before 



the leaders could be arrested authority would 
have to be obtained from the Government. 
That is, Mr. Birrell. 

So if this outbreak had not taken place, 
military action would' have been taken? Yes, 
shortly afterwards. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Was there any 
special reason for making a raid that time ? Only 
for the object of getting the gelignite that was 
known to have come in on the Sunday morn- 
ing. That to my mind was a small matter, 
because we knew they had got other nigh 
explosives before. 

Were there 1,000 soldiers available in Dub- 
lin at that time? We had more than that, 
but a good many of them were recruits. The 
total number available in Dublin on the 
Monday morning was 120 officers and 2,265 
men. 

OFFICERS ON LEAVE. 

I see it stated that a great many officers 
were away on leave? I will refer to that. 

"The absence of officers on leave has been 
commented on under an entire misapprehen- 
sion," said the witness. " Leave has been 
most sparingly given since the beginning of 
the war, except in the case of urgent private 
business or a medical certificate. Cn the day 
of the outbreak all officers of the Headquarters 
Staff were on duty with the exception of two 
absent on sick leave and one officer on urgent 
private affairs." 

It is currently reported in the Press that a 
large number of officers were away at the 
races some miles away? At Fairy-house. 

Why was that? In Dublin there was a 
large number of officers on leave from Eng- 
land and only a few officers in Dublin were 
given leave fot the day. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Were the guards 
strengthened ? Not on Monday morning. 

There was a suggestion to do so, but Sir 
Matthew Nathan objected? 1 knew of -o 
sulIi suggestion. In Ship street there were 
from twenty to thirty armed men at hand. 
At the outbreak they were brought into ''->e 
Castle. The guard of six was overpowered 
and shut up. 

Candidly, you were not expecting this? No, 
not in the least. We wee anxious on Satur- 
day when Casement wa •. being brought up. 
We thought they would hear. of his arrival 
and that there would be trouble in an attempt 
to release him. He arrived at 5.33 and ^e 
was on the boat before 8 o'clock. People 
apparently did not know of his arrival. 

Who held the Bank of Ireland against the 
rebels? It never was attacked. 

MAJOR OWEN LEWIS. 

Major Owen Lewis stated that at the re- 
quest of General Friend he had an interview 
with Sir Matthew Nathan about three monthg 
before the outbreak, on the question of the sup- 
pression of certain newspapers, and also about 
the . arrest of the leader?. Sir Matthew 
Nathan was not in favour of taking action 
against the newspapers. 

THE ATTORNEY-GENERAt. 
! The ;Right, Hon. James H. Campbell, K.C., 
M^P., Attorney-General fpr Ireland, was ex« 
amined after the luncheon adjournment.. 



174 



The Chairman — Sine* your reappoint- 
ment, can you give us any In- 
formation as to what you have been 
doing? I am not here for the purpose of 
making any complaint, but simply to answer 
questions, and let you knew the facts. Dur- 
ing the nine days I was there before the 
rebellion broke out I received no official com- 
munication of any sort, kind, or description 
intimating the probability or possibility o F 
<iny trouble. I was not present at the con- 
ference which was stated to have taken place 
on the part of the Executive at the Viceregal 
Lodge on the Sunday. I never heard of it 
until I read of it in the newspaper the other 
day. I wish to add, further, that I never 
saw the Under Secretary during that nine 
days, though we were o fly separated in the 
Castle by a partition. I had no interview 
with the Lord Lieutenant during that time, 
and the only official act that I was called 
upon to do during that period was in con- 
nection with one fil) which I have here. It 
was with refere^.e; to the method or pro- 
priety of deal::'^ vfich men who were 
parading on fchi ► ••j'Kiij streets, carrying arms • 
which were ad nrt£3uTv service rifles, and had 
been stolen or abstracted in some way from 
the military authorities. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — What date did you 
get that? On the 22nd April. 

SIR MAURICE DOCKRELL. 

Sir Maurice Dockrell, D.L., explained the 
operations of the City and County of Dublin re- 
cruiting Committee, and mentioned that re- 
cruiting activity reached high water mark in 
April, May, and June last year. It then fell 
off owing to the efforts made to undermine the 
Committee's work by anti-recruiting methods. 
As a result of the special effort of Lord Wim- 
borne recruiting improved, but subsequently 
fell off. 

Sir Maurice also referred to the 
troubles caused by the labour strike 
in 1913, and to what merchants 
and others had suffered by that. He wished 
to say that, in his opinion, that strike was 
largely due to feeble government. The tf"5n 
Under Secretary's conception of government 
was that he was what lie called " the keeper 
of the ring " — in other words, that the 
citizens of Dublin and the strikers should 
fight it out. He met the Under Secretary in 
the street, and told him that the citizens 
were suffering a great deal of intimidation, 
and the answer he made was: "Don't you 
think the police could deal with the 
strikers?" He also said: "If you bring any 
case under my notice I will deal with it." 
Dublin was in such a state at that time that 
eny man who acted as his own policeman 
did so at the risk of his life. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Was the Citizen 
Army in existence then? No; it was formed 
after that. Witness en. ployed a number 
of ex-policemen to protect his men, and 
he fought the strike out to a finish. The 
point he wished to make was that there was 
no military protection for the citizens. He 
believed that protection had been asked for, 



and that the military authorities did not aee 
their way to grant it. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Were your men 
armed? They were, and the strikers were 
armed. We took out licences for our men. 
(Laughter.) 

MR. R. W. BOOTH. 

Mr. R. W. Booth, J. P., President of the 
Dublin Chamber of Commerce, was the next 
witiess. He gave an account of a number of 
industrial strikes that had taken place in 
Dublin since 1908. Larkin, he said, left the 
Dockers' Union in 1909, and started, in a 
small way, the Irish Transport Workers' 
Union. He was convicted of embezzlement, 
and sentenced by Mr. Justice Boyd to twelve 
months' imprisonment, but he was released 
by Lord Aberdeen after three months. 
( Laughter.) From that time dated the power 
of Larkin over the Irish Administration. 
COUNTY INSPECTOR RUTTLEDGE, 
R.I.C., GALWAY, WEST. 

At the sitting of the Commission on Satur- 
day, 27fh May, 

County Inspector George Bedell Ruttledge, 
Royal Irish Constabulary, stated that 
he had been 27 years in the police force, 
and was now stationed in the West Riding of 
County Galway. Describing the origin of the 
Irish Volunteer movement, he said that the 
first branch of the Irish Volunteers was 
formed in Galway town on December 12, 
1913, at a meeting which was addressed by 
Sir Roger Casement. Mr. P. H. Pearse, Pro- 
fessor John MacNeill, and a man named 
George Nicholls. At that meeting 248 mem- 
bers were enrolled, and George Nicholls, of 
Galway, became an active organiser. At the 
end of May, 1914, there were ten branches, 
with a membership of 964; on June 24 there 
were 24 branches with a membership of 
1.938; in July 42 branches with 3,704 mem- 
bers; in August 54 branches and 5,179 mem- 
bers. Up to this time drilling was actively 
carried on by the various branches. After' the 
outbreak of the war and Mr. Redmond's de- 
claration in Parliament offering the services 
of the Volunteers for home defence a marked 
change took place. No drilling practically 
took plnr-e, as mnny of the drill instructors,, 
being military reservists, rejoined the Army, 
and these was also a tear that, they might 
also be called on to serve in the Army. The 
'Volunteer movement then fluctuated, and 
the branches became less and less. Then in 
March, 1915, William Mellowes took up his 
headquarters in Athenry, and be- 

came an active organiser in the 

locality, which had always ■ -been 

disaffected on account of agrarian agitation. 
He gathered together all the young men who 
were members of a secret society, and who 
had' pronounced disloyal views. Three 
branches were formed with a membership of 
144 in May, and in the same month a meet- 
ing was held in Tuam, which was addressed 
by William Meilowes and Sean MacDermott. 
The hitter's speech was most seditious, and 
be was prosecuted and sentenced to four 
months' imprisonment. In November a largei 
public meeting was held in Athenry, and 



175 



was attended by all the extremists in the dis- 
trict, vowing to the influence of the leaders 
the members of three branches of Mr. Red- 
mond's Volunteers turned over and joined the 
"inn Fein section. These three branches 
had been in localities which were always dis- 
turbed and 

HONEYCOMBED WITH SECRET SOCIETY 
INFLUENCE. 

In February an organiser called Alfred 
Monahan arrived in Galway, and dis- 
played great activity. He was ordered to 
leave Ireland before the 8th April. Hj left 
Galway and evaded arrest. On St. Patrick's 
Day a large Sinn Fein demonstration took 
place in Galway. It was attended by 562 
Sinn Fciners from Galway East and West 
Ridin<r ; 200 of them had rifles and shot guns, 
and 20 carried pikes. There were 1,070 binn 
Feiners in the Riding. 

The Chairman — Now tell us about the out- 
break. 

The Witness — The rebellion commenced in 
the County Galway at 7.20 a.m. on Tuesday, 
25th Aprii, by an attack on the police bar- 
rack at Gort, 9^ miles from Galway. That 
attack continued till 10.50. The barrack was 
fired upon, and the windows were smashed. 
The rebels numbered 100 at first, but the 
number increased as time went on. Ston© 
barricades were built across the road at each 
end of the village. The barrack was defended 
and held by five policemen, who were first 
called upon to surrender by a leader of the 
rebels, who threatened to blow up the bar- 
rack. 

The Chairman — What is his name? 

The witness gave the name privatelv, and 
continued — The rebels withdrew to Claren- 
bridge, where they were reinforced by others. 
An attack was made on Oranmore Barrack. 
The attack there commenced between 12 noon 
and 1 p.m. The railway line and the tele- 
graph poles were cut, and a larpe hole was 
made in the bridge. The barrack at Oranmore 
was defended bv four policemen until relief 
came at 7.30 through the arrival 
of a party of police and military 
from Galway. The rebels took to Bight to- 
wards Athenry in motor cars. Ten Sinn 
Feiners were arrested, and placed on board 
ship in Galway Bay. Special constables were 
sworn in, and three neighbouring poMce sta- 
tions were closed, and the police concentrated 
in Galway. Two hundred troops arrived on 
Wednesday, and next morning at 4 o'clock 
the party went out, and were met by a con- 
siderable party of rebels at Caherrhcre cross- 
roads. A sharp encounter took place, in 
•which one constable was shot dead and others 
were slightly wounded. The rebels were put 
to flight. On April 26th it was reported that 
the rebels were marching on Galway. A 
partv of police went out to meet them. The 
rebels did not come on, but took cover on a 
Ull, which was fired on by i sloop o£ w\r in 
th3 bay. On Friday, Apri 5*BtJi, HiiLUiCJ 
went out to Athenry, where 't was W lined 
that the rebels were concentrated at Mftyvore. 
5'k© rebeb broke up and abandoned liva 



police jprJ9<?*sers and much loot. The rebels 
surrendered, having been advised by a priest 
to go home. Since then 211 men had been 
arrested in the West Riding of Galway, and 
were conveyed to Dublin. 

The Chairman — You mentioned in the course 
of your statement that a number of seditious 
speeches were made on a number of occasions 
at variciis places — now were all these speeches 
reported to trie Government? They were re- 
ported to the Inspector-General. 

Was any action so far as you know taken in 
Galway over those speeches? N» action. 

THE SPOKESMAN STILL AT LARGE. 

The person who acted as the spokesman for 
the rebels and who threatened to blow up the 
barra&ks at CVvrenbridge — was any action 
taken ogainst him ? None. 

Is he a free man now? Yes. 

He is still there? Still there. 

At the close of your statement you say that 
the party broke up on being advised' by trie 
priests to go home. Were the priests acting 
in co-operation with these rebels? Some of 
the younger ones were. 

Did they participate actively? Yes. 

Has any notice been taken of it? Nonotlea 
was taken. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — There was no ac- 
tion or arrest of any priest? No. 

To Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — The priest who 
appealed to the rebels was acting as a peace 
maker, and he told them that they were acting 
very foolishly, that there was a large force o£ 
milit.^ry there, and that their camp could be 
reached by them and that it would be tar 
better for them to go home. 

To the Chairman — Witness did not know 
the name of this priest, nor whether he was 
one of the younger or the older clergy. 

To Mr. Justice Shearman — In Galway some of 
the younger clergy were disaffected, but a 
good rxsay of thsm were very loyal. 
SECRET SOCIETY AT WORK. 

Have you formed' any estimate as to the 
number of people who were engayeil m your 
district in active rebellion? I think about "00 
went out. 

The Chairman — Have you got any dir°' t- 
proof of the influence of secret societies ;n 
Galway? there has been a secret society <i 
Galwvy since 1882. 

Has it always been in touch with -the Clan- 
na-Gael? Always, and it is connected with 
the Gaelic Association. It has led to all the 
crime in Galway, and is at the back of this 
Sinn Fein movement now. 

When you say "crime" do you mean poli- 
tical crime err agrarian crime? Agrarian, 
crimA before this last stage. 

Do you think the fear of conscription had 
much effect in increasiria: t tie ranks of iha 
Sinn Feinors"! 1 think so, amongst tha 
ordinary village boys. 

Shirkers? Shirkers-. They won't fght foe 
England. 

Do you consider' tint the prevention of 
emig-ati^o \rn r's «j>rhe effect? I do. I* 
M'-'vr 5er, idib, ap wards of bO left Galvjy t* 
•emigrate, and then that scene occurred u& 

a i 



176 



Liverpool wheu they were jeered at. Those 
men came back, and" ever pinee then there had 
been a very hostile feeling. 

Were they also Sinn F<:iners7 Yea. 

GERMAN MONEY. 

Have you any information of German money 
coming "over to Galway? Not directly, but 
we noticed that people who were not well off 
had a good deal of money to spend, wherever 
they got it. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers— The main 
organiser was a man named Nicholls ? Yes, 
in Galway. 

What has happened to him? He is under 
arrest. 

Are the people doing pretty well on their 
farms in Galway? They are, " I do not think 
the farmers were ever better off. They were 
afraid of being disturbed. The men who took 
part in SiniL Fein marches were farmers' sons 
and labourers. The town of Galway was 
very loyal, and recruited very well, indeed, for 
the" Army. Ihe town of Galway had no sym- 
pathy with the rebellion at all. 

Mr. Justice Shearman— What is the origin 
cf the agitation in Athenry? It is the head- 
quarters of a secret society- 
Has the Clan-na-Gael got any organisation 
in Ireland? I think that secret society is 
connected with it. 

COUNTY INSPECTOR CLAYTON, 
GALWAY, EAST. 

County Inspector E. M. Clayton, R.I.C, next 
gave evidence regarding Sinn Fein activities in 
Galway, East Riding. "The Sinn Fein organi- 
sation was first established in Craughwell in 
February, 1907. That branch was really a 
secret society. Branches were subsequently 
established at Loughrea, Athenry, and Kil- 
rea, and though their numbers were small it 
was necessary to watch them closely, as 
the worst-disposed individuals joined them. 
Further branches were established in Novem- 
ber, 1915, as the result of a meeting held in 
Athenry. Six hundred and seventy members 
attended, and 161 were armed with rides and 
shot guns. The police were excluded from 
the meetirg. Inflammatory speeches were 
made. l 4 ive branches were immediately 
formed around Lough rea and Athenry. The 
totnl number of branches was eleven at the 
time of the outbreak, and the membership 
amounted to 371. There were in addition 350 
Sinn Feiners who did not belong to any 
branch. The black spots of the districts in- 
cluded portions of Athenry and Loughrea, 
and secret societies existed in these places 
for years past. Sinn Fein organisers had 
very little trouble there. The Crauuhwell 
members linked themselves np with the Sinn 
Teinera under the leadership of a famous 
criminal. 

The Chairman— Who is tb*» famous criminal? 
Tho«. Kenny. He took a if.ding part in the 
rebellion, and is now on 'he run. Mellowes 
ram.- to Athenry in April, 1915, and suc- 
ceeded in enrolling practirally all the yountr 
men of the countryside, lie was paid a salary 
of £3 a ueek. 



SINN FESNSas BUSY AT ATHENRY. 

The first intimation the police had 
of the outbreak was on Tuesday, April 
25th, when word came in that a constable at 
Moyvore had been shot and seriously wounded. 
Nothing occurred until 5 30 on that day, 
when a irtesbage was received that the Sinn 
Feiners wer<3 very busy at Athenry. It was 
believed that they were going to take the 
barracks, and it was necessary to reinforce 
the police there. The attai k, however, did 
not take place. The Si?nt Feiners seized the 
town hall, established their headquarters 
there, and made bombs during the night. The 
next morning they moved out about two miles 
to a farm belonging to the Department of 
Agriculture, where they were joined by the 
Sinn Feiners of the West Riding. They re- 
mained there for the night. They cut the 
telegraph wires, tore up the railway Line, and 
commandeered foodstuffs Next morning they 
marched to Moyvore Castle. There were 
about 1,000 of them altogether. The police 
concentrated at Loughrea and 200 extra men 
were expected from Belfast. As soon as the 
latter arrived a message was sent out to the 
rebels, and efforts were made to induce them 
to disperse. The nriest. whose name witness 
heard, was not a disloyal man, and there was 
a contest between him and Mellowes as to 
who would have the upper hand. Desertions 
had been going on. 

The Chairman — What happened to Mel- 
lowes? He is on the run, too. Proceeding, 
witness stated that 270 arrests were made. 
Most of them were deported to England. 
Twelve were convicted and sentenced by 
court-martial. The military and police seized 
seven rifles, 86 shot guns, and 7 revolvers ; 
35 rifles were unaccounted for. The majority 
of the rifles were foreign ones, and of modern 
pattern. 

INFLUENCE OF SEDITIOUS NEWSPAPERS. 

The Chairman — In your district had the 
Press much influence? Ves, the seditious 
papers, which went into the district weekly. 
The trouble was chiefly confined to the dis- 
tricts of Loughrea and Athenry. The popu- 
lation of the two districts was about 3,000, 
and they had always been the centre of 
secret societies. 

The Sinn Feiners were pretty well' known 
to you, I suppose? They were. 

Were there any people of superior class 
or education among them? None. 

What class did they come from? One of the 
leaders was a blacksmith, and the Colon, of 
the Irish Volunteers was a publican. They 
were all small shopkeepers and farmers' sons. 

There were none of them of the literary 
type! None. 

" Mr. Justice Shearman — Were the priests aa- 
nisting this movement in your district? Xea, 
the younger ones. 

It ha.B been said by another, witness that 
the U/iiat* in considerable numbers assisted* 
Ves, * ocopiderabia acsi'bef j ^oihe of them 
were more active than others. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers— As a man get* 

G a 



older he gets more sensible? Yes, he gets 
more careful. 

COUNTY INSPECTOR HILL, KERRY. 

County Inspector H. 0. H. Hill, R.I.C., who 
said he was 35 years in the force, and 3^ years 
in County Kerry, gave evidence. He had had 
general experience as a police officer all over 
Ireland. The Sinn Fein movement, he said, 
first came, into prominence in Kerry ia Octo- 
ber, 1914, after Mr. John Redmond had an- 
nounced the decision of the Nationalist Party 
to support the war. At a meeting in Tralea 
in that month it was decided that Mr. Red- 
mond's policy should be adopted. Others 
decided to remain loyal to Mr. John 
MacNeill's party in Dublin. The Sinn Fein 
party produced a Union Jack, which they 
waved in the face of the Redmondites, and 
afterwards burned. Then green flags wer« 
produced and waved. The decision to remain 
loyal to MacNeill's party was a snatch de- 
cision, because a great many of Mr. Red- 
mond's followers were at Listowel Races. 
He estimated that there were 646 Sinn Feiners 
in the county after that. On the 30th Novem- 
ber there were four distinct branches of Sinn 
Fein in the county, the estimated strength 
of which was 1,041 persons. Until Mr. Red- 
mond had declared in favour of recruiting 
the Sinn Fein movement was of no account, 
but afterwards he found that it would have 
to be reckoned with, A3 many of the leaders 
were pro-Germans and against recruiting. 
Op to October, 1914. nearly everyone in 
Kerry was in favour of winning the war, and 
assisted the police in hunting up spies. Rut 
after that all that stopped. Shortly after- 
wards a number of the Sinn Fein party 
marched through Tralee, and 118 of them car- 
ried rifles. In February, 1915, the number of 
branches of Sinn Fein had increased 
to seven, with a membership of 1.039. In 
March there were eight branches, but they 
were all mostlv inactive. In April the num- 
ber of Sinn Fein»rs had increased to 1.044, 
which was due to the activity of Ernest 
Blythe, an organiser who came to Kerry dur- 
ing the month. After a meeting on March IB, 
at which the Irish Guards' band attended, 
some members of the Sinn Fein party 
marched through the town, and called upon 
the people to enrol in the Volunteers. In 
May the number had increased to 1,060, and 
Blythe and a man named Cotton were very 
active in organising work. 

THE KILLARNEY PARADE. 

During that month Mr. John Mac- 
Neill held a parade • in Killarney o! 
550 armed Volunteers immediately after 
some Gaelic athletic sports. This parade was 
to show the strength of the Volunteers m 
Kerry, and men came from all parts of the 
county. In June there was a decrease of 
38 in the number of Sinn Fein Volunteers 
in Kerry. This was dna to some rreaj hers re- 
signing because the* iwuiJ not m; ke rip fr!-^i: 
minds as to which section of the V,oluntct>JiS 
they should belong to. Bivthe and &3bSoii wer# 



very active during the month. In July th* 
.lumbers had been reduced to 982, a lot ot 
members having seceded from one branch 
and formed a; branch of their own. In 
August the Sinn Fein party paraded in Kil- 
larney in memory of O'Donovan Rossa, whosa 
funeral was taking place in Dublin on that 
day. In September the numbers increased to 
043, and a good deal of skirmishing wa3 car- 
ried out throughout the county. They also 
carried out night manoeuvres, much to t the 
terror of the people of Kerry. In October 
the number of Sinn Feiners had increased to 
1,018, and during that month the Volunteers 
marched out into the country and practised 
rifle-shooting. On the 8th October a deputa- 
tion of Sinn Feiners waited on the Listowel 
Kace Committee, and succeeded in getting 
them to rescind a resolution they had passed 
to give Id. in the Is. of their receipts to the 
Royal Munster Fusiliers' Fund. The Sinn 
Feiners then demanded that Id. in the Is. be 
given by the Race Committee to the Irish 
Volunteers. This was agreed to, but it was 
rescinded at a later meeting. (Laughter.) 

PLAYING ON THE PEOPLE'S FEARS. 

In November, 1915, the total Sinn Feiners for 
the County Kerry was 1,143, and the orga- 
nisers showed great activity, playing on the 
people's fears of conscription, and on the re- 
cruiting letters which were being sent out to 
persons of military age. Cotton was organis- 
ing around Kenmare and Killarney, aad a 
man named Michael Moriarty distributed 
sixteen revolvers at Dingle. Several meet- 
ings were held, and disloyal speeches made 
by a Dublin organiser who was trying to 
make the Sinn Fein and the Labour Parties 
one. In Bailymacelligott district house to 
house visits were being made for the purpose 
of purchasing arms. In December the total 
of the Sinn Feiners was 1,233, an increase of 
69. Blythe and Cotton were very active dur- 
ing the month, and a Dublin man delivered 
a lecture on Wolfe Tone to 200 people in 
Tralee. Branches of the Transport Workers' 
Union were established. In the following 
month the number of Sinn Feiners increased 
by 59, the increase being due to active" 
organising. During the month a meeting of 
the County Board of the Sinn Feiners was 
held at Tralee. In February, 1916, there 
were 18 branches with a membership of 
1,273, and during the month Cotton was giv- 
ing instruction in the use of the rifle and re- 
• volver at Dingle, and special instruction was 
also given in bayonet exercises and skirmish- 
ing. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Had Cotton been a 
soldier? No, he was in the Labour Exchange 
before he became a Sinn Fein organiser. Dur- 
ing the month Mr. Partridge, of Dublin, mad* 
speeches of a disloyal charfr&ter, and Mr. P. 
1st. Pearse reviewed 248 Volunteers in Tralea* 
Li March Cotton was organiser, Blythe ha\* 
ii r been arrested and sent to England. Cot- 
t'*% left \erry finally on the 27th M&rch 
after being served with notice tfhen in Bel- 
fast not to return to Kerry. 

e 3 



178 



ALL THE LEADING SUSPECTS. 

Witneti went on to detail later events con- 
£&cted with the Sinn Fein movement. On St. 
Patrick's Day they paraded in Tralee in full 
tHrengib, and* on 25th March a -woman named 
£$Ofie Perolze had arranged to deliver a lecture 
»/a the Fenian rising. The Countess Mar- 
Srrtvicz was to have given the lecture, but she 
*M3 forbidden to visit Kerry, and she sent da 
"Sher woman. Nearly all the leading sus- 
^ects visited Kerry from time to time. 

*_l4 Jsstiee Shearman — Was there any 
metsal rising in Kerr^ X No, but two con- 
stables were shot at. 

The Chairman— Were Jhere any leaders_ of 
&riv kind in Kerry at the time of the landing 
f-i Sir Roger Casement? No. The principal 
"^an there" w as Austin Stack, and I arrested 
him the sam-° flay that I arretted Casement. 
I have a note of it. 

Witness then read hk note of what occurred 
ftt the landing a! Sir Roger Casement, his cap- 
ture, the sifcidfig of the arms ship, and' a 
dumber o3 arrests he made in Tralee in con- 
nection -with the landing. He added that 316 
irish Volunteers had mobilised in Tralee evi- 
dently to assist in the rebellion and the land- 
\>-% of the arms. Owing to the general staty 
oi" unrest and the rumours that were flying 
about witness asked the officer commanding; 
the troops in Tralee if he could send him some 
soldiers to assist the police in case of neces- 
sity. The officer replied that he had none to 
spare. Witness then got into communica- 
tion with the General Commanding at Queens- 
town, and he promptly sent on 100 soldiers by 
tram. They arrived at 5 a.m. on 22nd April. 
On the 21st he had also wired for extra police 
for Tralee. and they came in from outlying 
stations. Extra men were placed at Water- 
ville and Yalentia to protect the cable stations. 

WHY THERE WA3 NO RISING IN KERRY. 

The Chairman — You said there was no rising 
in Kerry? No. and I attribute this to the 
arrest of Casement and the local leaders, the 
arrival of troops from Cork and of extra police 
from the country. Austin Stack was in charge 
of everything, and when be was arrested the 
Irish Volunteer? who were assembled in 
Tralee became nervous. Those of them who 
were from the country districts gradually Ecft 
for home. 

arman — How many had 
assembled? 516. 

Had the question of conscription a great 
deal of influence? Yes, a great deal. 1 he 
number of Sinn Feiners largely increased at 
that period. 

In reply to Mr. Justice Shearman, witness 
laid he never expected danger from the Rcd- 
mendite Volunteers, but he did with regard 
to the Ini.-h Volunteers. Although be did 
not expect a rising he knew there would be 
in the case of a German inva- 
The railway lines and the telegraph 
would be cut, and it would be difficult 
for the military to operate. There were 
four voting priests connected with the move- 
ment. Several parish priests prevented the 
formation of Sinn Fein branch* j, (Jut of 



a population of 165,000 in the county there 
were only a little over 1,000 Sinn Feiners. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Were there sym- 
pathisers of the Sinn Feiners who would have 
been with them if they thought they would 
succeed ? Yes. It was hard to know 
whether some people were Sinn Feiners or 
Redmondites. 

Perhaps they did not know themselves? 
(Laughter.) That is so. Many Sinn Feiners 
thought they were insulted when they were 
called MacNeillites. (Laughter.) 

The German ship intended to land at Tra- 
lee ? Yes, by force. 

There was not much preparation to re- 
ceive it — only two men in a motor car? There 
was a large number in Tralee. My idea is 
that the ship came in a day or two too soon. 
She was unpunctual. 

You had not enough men to deal with 
370? No. I had only thirty men in Tralee. 
In the whole county I had 338 before the 
war; since then 272, not counting officers 

, COUNTY INSPECTOR SHARPE 
WEXFORD. 

County Inspector John Robert Sharpe, Royal 
Irish Constabulary, Wexford, was next ex- 
amined. He said he had been 29 years in 
the R.I.C., five of which he has spent in the 
County Wexford. Besides the County In- 
spector there were four District Inspectors, 
four head constables, and 204 constables in 
the county. 

Asked by the Chairman what he knew of 
the Sinn Fein movement, he said it was first 
started in Enniscorthy about 1904, its foun- 
ders being persons who had been 
connected with the old Fenian 

conspiracy. Its aims were the overthrow of 
English rule in Ireland, the establishment, of 
Irish industries, and the boycotting of Eng- 
lish manufactures. It had seven branches, 
with a membership of 325, in the County 
Wexford. They had 95 rifles, most of mo- 
dern pattern, 47 shot-guns, 34 revolvers, a 
number of bayonets, and some ammunition. 
He could not state accurately how much. Seve- 
ral branches held weekly and bi-weekly, 
drills and route-marches, some indoor and 
some outdoor, and they sometimes went out 
under arms. They were occasionally visited 
by P. II. Pearse, J. J. O'Connell, Rlellowes, 
and other organisers. Prior to the outbreak 
of the rebellion in Dublin the county was 
peaceful, and none of the political organisa- 
tions was active, save the Irish Volunteers, 
which latter had been very active fer the past 
two years. 

THE ENNIS80RTHY RISING. 

Beyond the fact that they were in pos- 
session of rifles, there was no indication of 
an intended rising until the 25th April last, 
when some men marched into Knnisoorthy, 
where they remained that night and dispi 
the billowing morning. The Irish Volunteers 
tooto possession of the town at 4 a.m. on 
April 27 

The Chairman— How many men were 
there? Ihwe were 000 men, and 200 tf them 

G 4 



173 



had rifles and shot-guns. They established 
themselves in the Athenaeum as their head- 
quarters, and appointed "Irish Republican 
Police." They appointed sentries, and al- 
lowed no one to enter or leave the town 
without a permit. They commandeered 
motor cars, food, and every description of 
goods, including arms, and they .searched 
houses for arms. Five constables and the 
District Inspector held the police barrack, 
and the sergeant and one man was in the 
bank. The bank was in view of the bar- 
rack. The rebels took possession of the 
Castle on the hill, and from that they fired 
on the barrack, and they also fired from the 
slope of Vinegar Hill. There was an open 
space around the barrack, and that saved the 
barrack. On the morning .if the 28th the 
Administrator of the parish, Father AlcHenry, 
and a Mr. O'Neill wanted the police to sur- 
render. He (witness) w~as very glad they 
did not surrender. They held out until re- 
lief sent by the military arrived on the 1st 
May. 

W^LCOM^ SUPPLY OF AMMUNITION. 

The Chairman — What ammunition are the 
police supplied with ? They are supplied 
only with thirty rounds each man, but they 
had seized a thousand rounds of Sinn Fein 
ammunition before that, and it came in very 
handy, for it fitted the police rifles. (Laugh- 
ter.) The 600 Sinn Feiners were not- all 
armed. The military told him that a man 
in a house was equal to eighteen men out- 
side in a fight of this sort. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — They did not try 
to rush the thing at night ? No. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — You say there were 
about 325 in the county, and that 600 men 
turned out? Yes, two hundred of them 
armed. 

That is about double the estimated num- 
ber ? Oh, yes ; but .they terrorised the 
whole of the inhabitants into joining them. 

To Mr. Justice Shearman — The population 
of Enniscorthy was about 5.0C0 There was 
no bloodshed in the. county with the exception 
of one head constable wounded. There was a 
small disloyal element in the county. The 
only disloyal people were the Sinn Feiners", 
whom the police were watching. There were 
four young priests who were Sinn Feiners, 
but the rest of the priests helped the authori- 
ties in every way possible, and were tho- 
roughly loyal. In fact one of the priests, 
Father Murphy, of Ballymun, was most abu- 
sive of the Sinn Feiners in his sermons, and 
99 per cent, of the priests were thoroughly 
against them. Over 200 persons assisted the 
police to hold the town of Enniscorthy, ;.nd 
witness armed them with shot-guns and other 
weapons. Then the National Volunteers, 
Hibernians, Unionists, and, in fact, everyone 
Was most keen in helping the police. 

NATIONAL VOLUNTEERS ASSISTING THE 
POLICE. 

The Chairman — Did the National Volunteers 
turn out '! They turned out everywhere. There 
jrere 2C0 Redmondite Volunteers assisting the 



police before the military arrived. Wexford 
was about 14^ miles from Enniscorthy. Wit- 
ness intended to go to the relief of Ennis- 
corthy, but he received a message from the 
General Officer Commanding in Cork stating 
that men were urgently required to guard the 
railway, and it would be no use to send them 
to Enniscorthy, and on no account to send 
them there. Subsequently 1,100 men and 70 
cavalry, with a 4.7 gun, yere sent to take 
Enniscorthy. 

In reply to the Chairman, witness said that 375 
Sinn Feiners were arrested, and of these 319 
were sent to Dublin, 52 were discharged, and 
2 were taljen to hospital. The police seized 
46 rifles, 66 shot-guns, 8 pistols, 6 revolvers, 
1 bomb, 21^ stone of blasting powder, 667 
rounds of sporting ammunition, 4,067 rounds 
of rifle and revolver ammunition, and a quan- 
tity of gelignite and other explosives. 

The Chairman — A regular arsenal? Yes. 
The rifles were mostly of German pattern, 
and amon-st the ammunition was a quantity of 
soft-nosed bullets. They were not filed, but 
were made clean cut. 

l J LAN OF CAMPAIGN M A *»ASS BOOK. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Did you find 
amongst the prisoners any copies of the cir- 
cular read by Alderman Kelly in Dublin ? 
No ; but on one of the prisoners we found the 
whole programme of the rebels in Dublin. 
It was written out in a pass-book, and con» 
tained all details as to the attack on the 
General Post Office and everything else. That 
document remains to be produced before the 
courtmartial. It was an ordinary penny 
pass-book, with the whole programme w-ritten 
in it. It was written in pencil, and was evi- 
dently a copy of the original programme. 

COUNTY INSPECTOR POWER. 
KILKENNY. 

County Inspector P. C. Power, R.I.C., who 
has been stationed in County Kilkenny for the 
past six years, stated that the first appear- 
ance of the Sinn Fein movement in the Kil- 
kenny district was about the year 1912. In its 
initial stages it was intended to encourage Irish 
industries. On 5th March. 1914. Sr Roger Case- 
ment, accompanied by Thomas MacDonagh, 
held a meeting in Kilkenny ( ity for the pur- 
pose of forming a branch of the Irish National 
Volunteers. At that meeting about 500 per- 
sons attended. Sir Roger Casement advised 
them to drill and become proficient in the use 
of firearms, which he stated would be supplied 
to them. A branch of the I.N.V. was formed 
than, and a number of members were enrolled. 
Drilling and training were actively carried on 
from that time, and a large sum of money 
wab collected in the town towards this 
organisation. Then Mr. Redmond and his 
party about June, 1914, got partial control of 
the Volunteers. A split occurred, and th* 
local treasurer, without any apparent au- 
thority, forwarded about £90 to Mr. John 
MacNeill in Dublin. The next movement ot 
note was when J. J. O'Connell. a Sinn Fei\ 
organiser, arrived in Kilkenny. That was in 
April, 1915. From that time forward the 



ICO 



movement showed much activity and began 
to spread over the country districts. The atti- 
tude of Mr. Redmond towards recruiting for 
the Army and also the fear of conscription 
rather gave an impetus to the Irish Volun- 
teers. Witness also noticed at that time that 
the number of the Irish National Volunteers 
lather decreased, and "ihat movement more or 
less became dormant. On the other hand the 
Irish Volunteers were well organised and 
stimulated by paid organisers. One of these, 
men, Edward 0' Kelly, described himself as a 
lieutenant. ?The others were John McDermott 
and William Mellowes. A good deal of 
seditious literature was circulated. The first 
occasion that the Irish Volunteers appeared 
m the streets under arms was on 23rd' No- 
ember. 1915, at the celebration known a3 
*he "Manchester Martyrs." 

A SEDITIOUS SPEECH. 
The Chairman — Where did they get their 
rifles from? 1 am unable to say. Ihey were 
modern magazine rifles, and looked like En- 
fields. John McDermott attended on this 
occasion and delivered an address behind 
closed doors to the Irish Volunteers in the 
Gaelic League Rooms. In March, 1916, Lieu- 
tenant O'Kelly, on the occasion of an trish 
Volunteer parade at St. John's Well, near 
Kilkenny, made a very seditious speech. 1 
reported it at the time. 

Was any action taken upon it? No. In Feb- 
ruary and March of this year the Irish Volun- 
teers were under arms on two or three occa- 
sions. No actual outbreak occurred' in Kil- 
kenny during Easter week. We noticed a 
eonsiderablfPamount of activity and restless- 
ness amongst/the Irish Volunteer men. On 
Easter Monday they moved about in groups 
and in a state of excitement. They also at- 
tended the railway station, apparently for the 
purpose of receiving some information which 
did not arrive. Their cyclists were also very 
active going out into the country, and one of 
their number who owned a motor car was 
pretty well kept on the run. 

You never found what they were up to? 
Not at that time. 

SEARCHLIGHT SIGNALLING. 
Witness went on to say that he took im- 
mediate steps to assemble as many armed 
men as he could, and by Wednesday morning 
he had about seventy. It was necessary to 
hurry a force to protect the liarrow bridge. 
The military subsequently took it over. On 
the morning of the 27th he observed signalling 
going on apparently from Mount Leinster, 
which overlooks Enniscorthy. It looked like 
searchlight [signalling. There were answer- 
ing signals from a northerly direction. On 
5th May the police raided the local Sinn Fein 
ball and seized a number of bayonets and 
pikes. In (ho hall was a scroll with the in- 
scription — " A felon's cap is the noblest 
crown an Irish he;.d can wear." There had 
rot been a f;encriil surrender of arms, and 
they believed they were got into Kilkenny, 
l>ut they ware c«*ncvaled somewhere. Kil- 
kenny did 0jtren#eLy well in recruiting, and 
ho believed thflt there were not more than 
800 or 300 ti'i/xn F tillers in the whole county. 



COUNTY INSPECTOR GELSTON, CLARE. 

County Inspector Gelston, in his evidence, 
said he had had 26 years' service in the 
R.I.C., three years of which he had spent in 
the Co. Clare. The first branch of the Volun- 
teers was started in the Co. Clare in March, 
1914. The number of branches increased to 
four, and the membership to 400, and that 
went on until September, 1914, when a split 
occurred in their ranks and many of Uiem 
seceded from Mr. Redmond's party. At that 
time about 300 Volunteers became what was 
subsequently the Sinn Fein party or the 
MacNeill party. 

The Chairman — What brought about the 
split? 1 don't quite know, it was, 1 think, 
dissatisfaction with ivlr. Redmond's policy re- 
garding the war and recruiting, and regard- 
ing the Home Rule Bill. At that time they 
had no leaders — the Sinn Fein party — in the 
county. A Sinn Fein branch, composed of 
very few people, was organised by Ihomas 
O'Loughlin, and he and his little party became 
the centre of the Sinn Fein movement, but 
nothing was done until May, 1915, when a 
paid organiser named Ernest Blythe came to 
the county and made himself very active. He 
went on creating branches until July, 1915, 
when he came to be looked upon as a danger, 
and a deportation order was served upon 
him. Blythe underwent a term of imprison- 
ment for disobedience to the order. When 
Blythe left the county the movement stood 
still until a man named O'Hurley, a Gaelic 
teacher and organiser, became, very active, 
with the result that at tne beginning of this 
year there were ten branches of the dinn Vein 
in the county, with a membership of over 400. 
They drilled, and some of them wore uniform 
and practised shooting with miniature rifles. 

ALARMING THE POPULACE. 

The Chairman— What number of arms tiad 
they? In the whole county they had about 35 
rifles. 'Ihey were not well armed, but they 
had plenty of shot-guns ana miniature rifles. 
These branches became more or less aggressive 
in some parts of the county, and people got 
afraid of them. Complaints were made to him 
of the marching with arms of these men 
through the county. On one occasion a man 
named Michael Brennan, a captain of one of 
the branches, paraded his men after Mass on 
Sunday on the road, and before proceeding on 
a route march he distributed ammunition to 
them. That -created a great deal of alarm in 
the minds of the people. Brennan, address- 
ing his branch of the Volunteers, made the 
remark*: " I want to say a few words for 
your ovrn information about the seizure of 
arms. My advice to you is, if such an at- 
tempt is made, to use them, and not to use the 
butts of them, but the other ends, and what 
is in them." 

The Chairman — What is the date of that? 

Witness — It was on the 17th March last. It 
was on the 15th December, 1915, that he 
handed the ammunition to the men. Brennan 
farther said a', that meeting on the 17th 
March — "Some of you may not like to com- 
mit murder, but; it is not murder, it will be 



181 



only self-defence. You know well if your 
arms are taken that the next thing will be 
conscription." 

WHY CLARE DID NOT RtSE. 

He was prosecuted for that speech, and sen- 
tenced to three months' imprisonment. The 
Sinn Feiners in the Co. Clare did not rise, 
and gave no trouble, but at the time of the 
rising there was considerable activity. 
Organisers were moving about, and the Sinn 
Feiners were evidently anticipating something. 
On Easter Sunday many of the Sinn Feiners 
met along the banks of the Shannon, evidently 
anticipating the landing of arms from the 
Kerry side of the river. He attributed the 
fact that there was no rising in Clare to the 
failure to land arms from Kerry. 

The Chairman — What was the state of re- 
cruiting in Clare? Recruiting was very good 
in the County Clare, taking it all round, 
amongst the labouring classes and in the 
towns, but there was no response from the 
farming classes — otherwise the recruiting was 
surprisingly good. 

Was the Sinn Fein movement a small one 
in Clare? Well, at first it was very small, 
but it grew rapidly at the end of last year 
and the beginning of this year. We had a 
record of over 400 Sinn Feiners in the county, 
but of course there were a great many sym- 
pathisers who did not openly join, but showed 
themselves in sympathy with the Sinn Fein 
movement. My own opinion is that if they had 
had a rising in Clare we would have had a 
great many more than 400 — we would prob- 
ably have had three times that number. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Did you have any 
sedirious sermons or remarks from priests? 
We had — there were quite a number. There 
was one clergyman who addressed a meeting, 
and told them to arm, and if they could 
not get long-range rifles to use shot guns — ■ 
that shot guns were very useful in the hands 
of Irishmen. 

Was this reported to headquarters ? No. 
He also told them if they could not get 
shot gurs *o get revolvers, and if they could 
not get revolvers to get pikes — that the 
blacksmith could make them — and if they 
could not tret pikes to get hatchets or slashers 
in tneir own houses. 

How lon.L r ago was that speech made? In 
January last. 

The Chairman — Was that speech made by a 
young priest ? Yes. 

As a rule, are the younger priests hostile? 
Any of the priests in the county who had 
Sinn Fein tendencies were of the younger 
variety. The older men, as a rule — the 
parish priests in a number of cases — have 
spoken against the Sinn Fein movement. 

Have they given assistance to you in the 
performance of your duties? Well, no, 
except to the extent of denouncing the rising 
from the pulpit. In one case a parish priest 
addressed the Sinn Feiner"., and asked them 
to give up tireir rifles to ns. That was the 
only oa£8 in wixkih rifles w«*>& givenTup to 
any extesic 



Sir Mackenzie Chalmers— There are arms in 
the county still? Yes; quite a number. 

MR. J. C. PERCY. 

Mr. J. C. Percy, J. P., who stated he was an 
honorary recruiting worker, gave his impres- 
sions of the effect of the- Sinn Fein move- 
ment upon recruiting for the Army and Navy. 
Latterly he had confined his efforts to re- 
cruiting for the Navy. Killarney was the 
first place where he found Sinn Fein operating 
against recruiting. He could not get a 
chairman to preside over the meeting. He 
tried the member of Parliament, the Chair- 
man of the Town Commissioners, and the Ad- 
ministrator. The latter had Hen very kind 
to them at a previous recruiting meeting at 
which he had presided. He excused himself 
by saying that he did not think he should 
be asked to take the chair a second time, 
and that some other person should do so. 

The Chairman — Who is the member of Par- 
liament ? I think it is Mr. 'Sullivan. 

Witness, continuing, said— I then went to 
Sir Morgan O'Connell, and he gave me an en- 
tirely different reason from the others for 
refusing. He said there had been a review 
announced to be held of 5,000 persons who came 
from Kerry, that this would be an anti-recruit- 
ing meeting, and would put an end to recruit- 
ing in Kerry if it was allowed to be held, 
and that he had wired to Mr. Birrell and 
Lord Wimborne to bftve it suppressed, bub 
that neither of them had moved in the matter. 
Under these circumstances, said Sir Morgan, 
he would not move his little finger to help 
the British Government. Others, continued 
the witness, gave me as their reason for re- 
fusing to take the chair the reported appoint- 
ment of Mr. James Campbell as Lord Chan- 
cellor of Ireland. (Laughter.) 

EFFECT OF SEDITIOUS NS.VSPAPERS. 

Witness further stated that he had re- 
ported to Great Scotland Yard that the sedi- 
tious newspapers published in Dublin were 
libelling the speakers at recruiting meetings. 
The Recruiting Committees in London get 
interested in the matter and asked 
for copies of these papers. For 

two months prior to the outbreak witness 
sent a weekly file of these papers to the Ad- 
miralty and to the Recruiting Committee in 
London. He also brought the matter up at 
the Dublin City and County Committee. They 
made a very serious attack on one of the 
Dublin priests, Father Doherty. That attack 
appeared in the Irish Worker, and witness 
sent a marked copy of the paper to Sir 
Matthew Nathan. Speaking from memory, ib 
was to the following effect: "His Holiness 
the Pope does not ask us to recruit ; Cardinal 
Logue does not ask us to recruit ; the Arch- 
bishop does not ask us to recruit ; but here 
is this whipper-snapper of a priest asking ns 
to lay down our lives 4ar this rvtten Empire. *• 
The paper also stats& ^.at Father Doherty 
had a brother in Dtftfeft Csa^ as a sajcRd- 
class messenger, and that his speech was 
doubtless made for the purpose of getting Li* 



122 



brother promoted. (Laughter.) Witness 
mentioned that as a sample of what was 
going on in Dublin for the last twelve months. 
The "Committee was finding it increasingly 
difficult to get speakers for meetings. All 
the attacks on speakers at recruiting meet- 
ings were marked, and the papers were sent 
to the recruiting authorities. 

MUCH MORE DARING. 

Witness went on to state that he found in 
his recent travels through Ireland that the 
Sinn Feine?\s had become much more daring. 
He came across their paid organisers on 
motor bicycles and on horseback all over the 
country. One of the recruiting committees 
reported that these organisers were to be 
found at fairs and markets, and that they 
were signing on the people not to fight for 
England. That was done openly, in broad 
daylight. That, of course, had been reported 
by witness to the Admiralty. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Have you ever run 
up against Major MacBride? Yes. There 
are two towns in the West of Ireland only 
forty miles apart — Ballina and Westport. 
Ballina did splendidly in recruiting. Then 
you go to Westport and you cannot get re- 
cruits. We were told that Major MacBride 
dominates the place. At Ballina we were 
taken to the recruiting meeting by a brass 
band and a torchlight procession. My experi- 
ence i n the West of Ireland is that the towns 
are fighting foi their country. 

TOO FAT AND PROSPEROUS. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — The country 
people are doing extremely well with ther 
farms, and are not anxious to lose their 
money ? Yes. They are too fat and pros- 
perous. A great many farmers' sons are join- 
ing the Sinn Fein movement, and using it as 
a kind of umbrella in excuse for not fighting. 

If the farmers enlisted would there be diffi- 
eulty in getting labour; is their labour essen- 
tial? It is not "ssential in France I found 
a number of women working hard in the 
fields in Coleraine and district. In County 
Down I found fifty men of military a^e who 
were doing nothing but driving carls contain- 
ing seaweed. 

The Chairman — How are you getting on 
now ; are you ftill recruiting? No, I hav* 
returned to private life and. given up recruit- 
ing. (Laughter.) We found as tme went 
on that the Sinn Feiners were getting more 
diring, and our work was getting more diffi- 
cult. 

Have you done successfully in recruiting 
for the Navy Yea. 1 don 'J think tf.N?re in 
the same prejudice against the Navy as the 
Army. We had a fine meeting at Westport, 
although wc did not Ret any recruits. 
(Laughter.) There were five or six hundred 
in the hall of military ago, and they did not 
interrupt. I asked them if (Lev wanted to 
fight fdr Ireland, and they -i'd ".Yen." I 
then toll thcrn UM th(vv could not fight fot 
Ireland without tho Navy, and they agreed. 
(Laughter.) 



COLONEL SIR JOHN ROSS OF BLADENS- 
BURfi, LATE OF D.M.P. 

At the sitting of the Commission on Mon- 
day, 29th May, 

Colonel Sir John Boss of Bladensburg, until 
lately Chief Commissioner of the Dublin 
Metropolitan Police, was examined. He read 
a long statement dealing with the 
events which culminated in the rebellion. 
Ihe landing of arms at Howth on 26th July, 
1914, he said, was an event which was inti- 
mately connected with it, but before he dealt 
with that event he thought it would be well 
to allude to a few matters that occurred pre- 
viously. First — The Government allowed the 
Arms Act to lapse in 1906, and thereby 
everyone in Ireland was enabled to arm. This 
appeared to witness to be an extraordinary 
step for any Gorernment to take, and, as 
Irelard was divided into many factions, all 
having different ideals and aspirations, to 
give them an invitation to arm themselves 
seemed like a suggestion to bring a lighted 
candle into a powder magazine. The repeal 
of the Act benefited no one, and was of cj 
public utility. Secondly — There had been a 
great deal of labour unrest in Dublin in re- 
cent years, which culminated in a number of 
serious strikes in 1913, headed by Larkin and 
Connolly, a very prominent leader in the re- 
cent rebellion. The D.M.P. had great diffi- 
culty in preserving order. There were nume- 
rous riots and ccnsiderable unrest; but by 
firm action disorder was suppressed. 

THE SACKVILLE STREET RIOT. 

On 31st August a meeting was announced to be 
held in Sackville street, close to the head office 
of the Tramways Company, many of the em- 
ployes of that company being involved in the 
strike. The meeting was proclaimed. Never- 
theless, Larkin attempted to hold it, and he 
was arrested. A riot ensued, which was soon 
quelled, but in the meler, which was natural, 
some people were unfortunately hurt. There- 
upon the Dublin Corporation demanded that 
an inquiry should be held into the action of 
the. police Although it was in the midst of 
the unrest, the demand was immediately ac- 
ceded to by the Irish Government, and be- 
fore they got any report from the police. As 
a matter of fict, the first official intimation 
witness had that an inquiry was to be held 
was about two months later, when Lord 
Aberdeen wrote to say he thought it might 
soon take place. Witness had an opportunity 
of seeing Mr. Birrell in October, and com- 
plained of this hasty way of condemning the 
police bft-'ore anything could be doae. It 
appeared to witness that this throwing OTir 
of the psJiS* waa » weak proceeding, calcu- 
lated to bring aUcrct further disorder, and 
that it would easily persuade the disorderly 
that the Government was afraid to resist 
them. The result of that inquiry was that 
the action of the police was held to be justi- 
fied. 

THE STRIKERS DRILLING. 
Ttb^'.J' — Lster it came to his kpjyv. 
redge *^>*^ the strikers were be- 
ginning to dirlL lie submitted & 



1S3 



detailed report on ihe subject, which 
he forwarded to the Government with a 
minute of his own. in that he said that it was 
the first occasion in his experience that an 
organisation of a semi-military character had 
been formed in Ireland. He requested instruc- 
tions before the movement became stronger. 
In reply he was told to keep the matter under 
observation, and to furnish further reports. A 
few weeks later he had to write again, saying 
that more men seemed to be enrolling, and 
that seme ot them were carrying hurleys. He 
repeated his first request and got a similar 
reply. Connolly had said that they were arm- 
ing for the purpose of resisting the violence of 
the police, who were, he declared, in the clock. 
That took place in November, and the inquiry 
took place in December. On 1st July, 1914. 
another report was submitted relative to the 
so called Citizen Army, some of whom paraded 
in uniform with side-arms and a disused type 
of Herman bayonet. In reply a somewhat 
similar instruction was given — to keep the 
movement under observation, and to get the 
names and addresses of the men. . 

THE LANDING AT HOWTH. 
Then came the landing of arrriv nt 
Howth on Sunday, 26th July, 1914, 
which, as he had already said, was 
closely connected with the rebellion. He did 
not think until this landing that arms were in 
possession of any irregular forces in the Dublin 
police area, which covered not only the city 
but a portion of the County of Dublin, about 
35 square miles in all. He found, however, a 
report of drilling by armed Volunteers, made 
on 161 h July, 1914 That was the first time 
in which drilling with arms was observed in 
Imblin. Cut the arivs carried on the 16th 
July consisted only of four rifles and six 
dummies. The introdudion of arms, after t!ie 
lapse of the Arms Act, was easily accom- 
plished. The points he wished to make were 
— First, that the Government viewed with 
alarm the facilities afforded to those organisa- 
tions to arm themselves, and they attempted 
to prevent the importation of arms into the 
country under Customs regulations. Arms 
that were henceforth landed were seized and 
forfeited. Arms that were not imported 
illegally could not be touched. The Dublin 
Metropolitan Police had several times been 
called upon to assist in carrying < ut the Cus- 
toms regulations. 

THE LARNE GUN-RUNNINC. 
Some arms were smuggled into the 
North of Ireland, and they i*-ere 
Becretly and unostentatiously distributed. That 
proceeding was, of course, very wrong, i ut *he 
authority of the Government was not defied. 
But the secrecy with which those arms were 
landed and distributed testif*. vi that those im- 
porting them did not -wish to ,orae into colli- 
sion with the police. As soct as tne arms 
aisapt-c-tved frtsK. *«t» p^rt c»f landing ihe 
police were unaole to discover their v\ bfcre- 
abouts. Some arms were illegally landed in 
Ireland, and hence whVn persons got arms 
in that way the Customs regulations had litti© 



effect, and the R.I.C. had special instructions 
£.s to how to deal with such persons and- their 
aims when caught. Owing to the way in 
wiiich the landing had been conducted in the 
North cf Ireland, the police had not been able 
to put their instru-:Mo.ns irito force, and the arms 
remained in possession of their owners. The 
course at Howth differed altogether from 
the method of the landing in the North. 
At Howth the arms were ostentatiously landed 
in daylight, and the Constabulary there, as 
well as the coastguard officers, were over- 
powered with violence. The body then marched 
on to Dublin with their illegally imported 
arms. 

MR. HARREL'S ACTION. 
Witness said he wished to say that the land- 
ing of arms at Howth was in open violation of 
the law. Mr. Harrel, then Assistant Commis- 
sioner of the DM. P., having heard of the 
events at Howth, and that the Constabulary 
were overpowered there, went with a large 
body of police, as it was his duty to do, and 
eventually succeeded in taking some of the 
rifles illegally landed there from the men 
engaged in this disorderly conduct. The next 
day— that is Monday, 27th July— Mr. Harrel 
gave me a detailed report on the matter, and 
I forwarded it to the Irish Government with 
my own minute. It was as follows: — "Under 
Secretary. ■ I beg to point out that this giu* 
running operation of the National Volunteers* 
differed from any other yet attempted in 
Ireland. Dp to now, at all events, those busy 
in getting arms for themselves have acted 
surreptitiously, and not, as was done yes- 
terday, in broad daylight, and in 
face of the police. I further draw at- 
tention to the fact (the report continued) that 
the National Volunteers yesterday were found 
in possession of arms which had been landed 
at Howth in defiance of a proclamation, and 
there wis ample evidence to identify the wea- 
pons they were carrying with those illegally 
landed at Howth. It appears, moreover, that 
a body of more than 1,000 men, marching -upon 
Dublin, which is the seat of the Irish Govern- 
ment, is a menace to the King's Government, 
and such a body constituted an unlawful as- 
sembly of a peculiarly audacious character. 
The police have been instructed to assist in 
carrying out a proclamation which prohibits 
the carrying of rifles in Ireland, and it was 
held, therefore, to be their dutv to take rifle;, 
which had just been landed at Howth by force 
and in defirrce of the Government proclama- 
tion. YestfrJav, Ac^'?vei" > a minute was sent 
by yr-u to th& Aisr«innt Commissioner, 
which appears to me to alter the 
instructions previously given to the police. 
1 beg, therefore, to request His Excellency's 
directions in the matter in order that it may 
be made plain how in the future tW police 
are to act i» face of n proclamation."* 

A BE! \7?H> fc INUTE. 
"Fib* Under Hfes *«e»Vs minute that 
ibis referred to vas received b7 
Mr. Barrel about 5.' '5 p.m., when h* 
was returning to D\ blin after hayfcjj 
takee riU^j from some' *' the men who %*w 



134 



•anying them, and after having dispersed an 
unlawful assembly. It was not addressed to 
.urn (witness), although the Under Secretary 
«tated at the subsequent inquiry that he knew 
:liat witness was in his office. The minute 
was as follow?: — "To the Assistant Commis- 
sioner. As retards the ste^A which you have 
taken on your own responsibility to deal with 
the anus landed at Hovvth this morning, His 
Excellency has advised that forcible disarma- 
ment of the men now marching on Dublin 
should not, in all the circumstances, be at- 
tempted, but the nam"*! of the men carrying 
arms should, as far as possible, be taken, and 
a watch kept to ascertain the desti- 
nation of arms illegally imported. His Excel- 
lency cannot authorise any further steps in 
this matter at present." That was initialled 
" J. B. D.," the then Under Secretary. 

MR. HARREL'S SUSPENSION. 

It was true, remarked witness, that the Under 
Secretary, having first concurred with Mr. Har- 
rel's plan of action, later on changed his 
mind, but two hours elapsed before that 
change of mmd was notified tc Mr. Harrel. 
If it had been communicated at once it wfdld 
have reached Mr. Harrel long before any 
contact with the gun-runners took place. 
This delay was one of the mysteries which 
had never yet been explained. Mr. HarreFs 
account of the Hovvth landing of irms and 
witness's covering minute w.jre in the Under 
Secretary's possession the following day. 
Witness's minute, at least, was telegraphed 
to the Chief Secretary — at Pil events Mr. 
Birrell told him he got it at 6 p.m. that day, 
but long before that — at 3 p.m. — Mr. Harrel 
had received a communication informing him 
that he was suspended. 

SIR JOHN ROSS'S RESIGNATION. 

Under these circumstances he (witness) 
immediately resigned m the following let- 
ter : — 

" Dear Lor.n Aberdeen, — It has just been 
reported to me that, Mr. Harrel, my Assist- 
ant Commissioner, has been suspended from 
office and dutit-s by order of Your Excellency. 
This, 1 beg' to say, >n the case of 
;m officer in his position amounts to a deter- 
mination of his office. No explanation has 
been given to me of the reasons for placing 
such an indignity upon him and the force. I 
feel that the course pursued with reference to 
Mr. Harrel so riefiph affects myself that under 
the circumstances I am compelled to ask your 
Excellency to relieve me from my office and 
duties." 

Witness wenl on to say thai fie found it was 
quite impossible lo remain under the Irish 
(lovernrnenl after what had been done 
t i Mr Harrel. Not only was Mr. 
Harrel condemned in the manner stated, 
and I efure hif ow n versn n of t ne 
etory *hd witness's notes could be con- 
sidered, but oC'aei reasons weighed with wit- 
tie <'n account ol the exigencies of the' 
moment and the critical state of public .-.''fairs, 
which in a very t<- v dayp culminated in th« 
«jutLaeai» ot the great European rar, witness 



remained at his post until relieved by the Lord 
Lieutenant. During those few days two appli- 
cations for the return of rifles seized by Mr. 
Harrel were received, but witness could not 
say whether that request had been complied 
with. In July, 1914, there was only one set 
of Volunteers, known as the Irish National 
Volunteers, but it was a fact that some of the 
men who conducted the gun-running at Howth 
belonged to the extreme section. 

AN ACT OF 1N» JSTICE. 

The inquiry took place early in 
August, and a few months later Mr. 
Harrel was removed from the Irish 
public service, and so his career was broken 
and his usefulness was lost. Witness begged 
leave to state that in his opinion an act of 
injustice had been committed, and this was 
the more remarkable because he believed h's 
was the first occasion that an Irish public 
servant had be».n sacrificed to public clamour. 
The Irish ^ ivil Service suffered, and its 
efficiency Tuufi have been impaired, for it —as 
impossible that men could do their ^uty fear- 
lessly and impartially and uKofully 
miles* they had confidence in their superiors. 
He always held the opinion that the armed 
force which overpowered the Customs officers 
at Howth and marched on Dublin was 
obviously an unlawful assembly which a magis- 
trate was bound lo disperse, and he would le- 
tain that opinion until the contrary was de- 
cided by a competent authority. He held that 
the action of the Executive in removing aa 
official who did his duly prevented all public 
servants from acting with resolution, and was 
the essential cause of the recent rebellion. 

A QUESTION OF INSTRUCTIONS. 

Mr. Justice Shearman (to Sir John 
Rosa) — Before the Howth incident, were 
instructions issued to police inspectors 
as to the circumstances under which 
they could call in military aid? Instructions 
were given to the Irish Constabulary, 
but not to us. These instructions were vital 
to the inquiry that was held, and they were 
to be embodied in it, but they were not. 

They must be in writing somewhere? They 
were written, but I have never seen them. 
We all wanted to see them. 

It may be that they do not exist. 

Mr. Harrel — I am aware that they exist. 

Mr. Justice Shearman — Can you tell me of 
any occasion on which the military had been 
called in to assist the police? Yes. during 
the riots of 1913 we had the military fre- 
quently ready, but we only called them out 
once. 

COMMANDER W. V. HARREL. 

Mr. W. V. Harrel, late Assistant Commis- 
sioner in the Dublin Metropolitan Police, 
and now a Commander in the Royal Naval 
Reserve, having detailed the periods of bis 
public service went on to say that he at- 
tributed the rece'it outbreak to, in the first 
instance, the existence ;t all times of on ex- 
treme party in Ireland, who wore always 
ready, directly or through Irish- 
American channels, to give trouble on ie- 



18i> 



ceiving financial and other assistance. Their 
settled policy had been for years to join, and 
if possible control, any organisation or 
movement which might reasonably be ex- 
pected to strike at constitutional authority. 
Witness was aware that there were communi- 
cations between persons in Dublin and others 
in America, and he considered that these 
communications were being influenced by 
Germans in America. Some of the persons 
who were prominently connected with the 
recent outbreak were also connected with 
the societies that were formed during the 
South African War, notably Major MacBride. 
He formed the Irish Brigade in South Africa 
which fought against the Britisl troops. 
Later there were other suspicious circum- 
stances that came to the notice of witness, 
and led him to believe that the people in 
Ireland were being influenced in favour of 
Germany; but of course a good many of 
those documents he should not care to lefer 
to. Jn the second place, he thought the re- 
peal of the Peace Preseivation Act had a 
good deal to do with the outbreak. Sa*ve 
for sentimental reasons, there was no reason 
for its repeal, against which witness re- 
ported at the time to the Under Secretary, 
then Lord MacDonnell. That Act applied to 
all Ireland, but it was only put in force by 
proclamation of the Lord Lieutenant, and it 
was not of necessity imposed on the country 
at large, nor even on whole counties, but 
might be imposed on portions of counties. 
Witness mentioned to Lord M*. much his 
objections to the repeal of the /; r ;l, and he 
asked witness to put them in writing. He 
did so, and went fully into the matter. 
Lord MacDonnell sent witness's report 
to the law officers and asked thern if 
what witness had stated was tht case. They 
replied that he had accurately stated the law 
on the subject. 

THE LARKINiTE CONSPIRACY. 

Witney proceeded to refer to the failure <*f 
the Government to enforce the law in the rirly 
stages of the Larkinite conspiracy in Dublin 
from 1908 to 1913, when it was found' hat 't 
was not a genuine labour movement but me 
Lwttile to law and order. W.'lness said that 
he thoroughly agreed' wim the remarks of Sir 
John Ross i» regard to the failure of the Go- 
vernment to support the Dublin Metropolitan 
Police during the labour tvourhs. 1 he work 
of the police during that •period was very 
laborious, but it \vas well and cheerfully done. 
It was felt that it was a inflection on taiem 
to order an inquiry to be held when tl.ey had 
carried' out the orders of the Government. 
'Ibere w a s a sort of impression that tne ,jro- 
leedings taken by the police to prevent the 
unlasvful meeting in Sackville street were 
taken by the police themselves. That wq.i not 
bo. Everything was done t-y order of the Go- 
vernment. 

OUTRIDE ADVICE. 

The Chairman — By the Under Secretary! 
¥es. 1 swore the information on \.hic v i the 
magistrates' proclamation was issued. Witness 
then proceeded' to relate how trouble occurred 



in Sackville street, how Larkin wax arrested, 
and almost immediately released aiter being 
convicted by a Dublin jury and sentenced. 
"Of late years," continued witness, "there 
was a tendency on the part of the Government 
to rely on the advice of outsidj forces rather 
than that supplied by the J4 IL-ft. Ihe Govern- 
roprijt undoubtedly accepted bcth, but it was 
quite clear that in many ea,<<es advice was 
given not in agreement with th it given by ths 
police, and he had some reason to bekeve that 
it was accepted — on police makers. Towards 
the end of 1913 the Irish National Volunteers 
were formed. There was a public meeting 
held on November 25, rirpsiilct-f over by John 
McNeill, and on that <rrc-a<i.'on a strong con- 
tingent of th e Transport Workers' Union at- 
tended. Following that the pror la .nation 
against the introduction of arms v, as issued. » 

THE GOVERNMENT AM ^ GUN-RUNNING. 

As regards the actual gun-running 
at Howth the condition of affairs then 
existing was that the National Volunteers Had 
been increasing their membership, and that "' 
the spring Mr. Redmond had made proposals 
for assuming, in any case partial control. 
From what I knew as to some persons con- 
trolling the movement I had doubts if they 
would succeed. But up to the time of the 
gun-running there was no political diffe- 
rence — there was no actual breach between 
the two parties. 1 had irdsrviews with Sir 
James Dougherty and the Law Officers, and 
1 always understood that the Government took 
a serious view of the gun-running in the North 
of Ireland'. Some we;ks before the 
Howth gun-running witness was one morning 
sent for by the Under Secretary, and went 
to discuss with him some information that 
had been obtained as to the possible landing 
of arms, which seemed at the time, from the 
information at the Under Secretary's disposal, 
to be more or less imminent. Pie told the 
Under Secret^r^ *>~-.*t he thought it would be 
a very good t--ng if there was a conference 
of the police, the military authorities, and 
the coastguards as to what snould be done, 
because, so far as witness could see, no one 
understood what fu-s clutifs or responsibilities 
were. Witness said : " Suppose these arms 
were landed in the early morning, and J larize 
number of men assembled, what could a few 
unarmed Dublin police do? Now, ] think in 
that case we would have to get military as- 
sistance." He said, somewhat doubtfully: 
"I suppose so" "Well," said witness. 
" would it not be wt 1 ! to d:mss the matte< 
with General Friend, be? .cs i if such a thin* 
occurs as a sadden lauding of arms it wouiu 
be well to have some military ready ar>«- 
some orders and understanding abaut it, and 
in such case it would be nec-ssaiy to have a 
special plan." At the time witness wae 
only thinking of his own d'Hrict, arid w&j 
n«. thiriki-g of Howth. St: f ar as witness 
couid see, Aie Un iei S*r~~st*'«v f * agreed w»wc 
him thai it w«s a good idea. / ; ; 
that time there were gun boa's and torpedo 
beat destroyers up and down t" e coast, whwl 
showed that the mat f ,er we* a «c~oua oru 



in the view of the Government at that time, 
and that they wished the proclamation to be 
enforced. 

A MOTOR CAR SEARCHED. 
There was a gentleman L, Dublin at 
that time who was suspectso of being en- 
gaged in the importing of arms, and his 
motor car was stopped anc searched by a 
coastguard officer, and a question was put in 
Parliament to the First Lord of the Irea- 
Bury about it — as to the right of the coast- 
guards to do this, and what authority they 
acted upon. The First Lord said that the 
vehicle was searched ii. consequence of a re- 
port that some arms had beei landed in the 
locality, and that the duties were imposed 
on "the coastguards by the Cus- 
toms laws. To a further question suggesting 
that there was a diffeie-nce between the treat- 
ment of persons in the Co. Dublin and those 
in the northern counties, and that the im- 
portation at Lame was permitted without let 
or hindiance from the coastguards or anyone 
else, tfje First Lord of the Admiralty repned : 
' 1 can only &>ay that it will always be the 
duty and should be a point of honour with 
every person serving under the Crown in an 
official capacity to maintain the law of the 
hind impartially in- all circumstances." 

AN ir-iCSDENT AT HOWTH. 
Then followed the Howth gun-running, con- 
tinued witness, and. as he had said, he never 
find anv dourtts that the terms of the proclama- 
tion would be enforced. He would like to 
diaw attention to an incident which took 
place at Howth when the gun runners as- 
sembled to the number of 1,000 or 1,200. The 
coastguards at Rowth endeavoured to do their 
datv and prevent the carrying away of arms, 
and one coastguard was struck on the head 
with a rifle, ana a Volunteer held his revolver 
to the breasts of four other coastguards, and 
threatened to fire if they endeavoured to send 
h message for assistance. Ihe chief officer 
Jonrtd that the wires had been tampered with, 
tnd had to e end a coastguard in plain clothes 
with a message to DuWI'n. Ihe police who 
ittenq.ted to occupy the pier were stopped 
tiv a number of mer, who had diawn them- 
selves across it. and were aimed with heavy 
Hub* hr-.n_'"i.- From their wrists with leather 
thongv These men had assembled to take 
q \:\\ l^e rfles lv force, and they reitainly 
v.-eie violent >n what Ihey did. The police at 
Howth ucie power! -■ to do anything. 'J hey 
followed thc-c Vj'ii'i'ifis with the rifles, and 
aitimafelv «ere with them when witness met 
diem ht Mahliih- mad In taUimj the action 
:h it he did in that or 'avion lie never had the 
iliohtest dotihl that it was his duty to iriter- 
Jere at • | I M ■ - i en] le, as he always 

indeistood that if persons wen- in possession 
of art*? o- f.'iln" orlenftive wear-ons it was 
die duty of tin- pol : '■ to disarm them. 

CALLINC CUT THE TROOPS. 

As regarded the calling out of t Le 
hocfg, he was one of the per- 
m (,.s h Ii i •■■ ' i e sj '■'•! illy -if f 1 1 i ised to 
jo so. Ihe iL.tut lti.yal Commission 



in their report stated that, " It appears to be 
clear he (Mr. Harrelj had from the first re- 
solved to invoke the assistance of the mili- 
tary in the operations which he contemplated." 
That was not quite correct. He supposed 
that ooinion was based on his instructions 
whick were given, when he heard of this 
matter, to his superintendent to warn ths 
military. That was done invariably when 
anything serious waj likely to arise, and had 
nothing whatever to do with the ultimate 
calling out of the troops. Later on, in a 
few minutes, he did see the necessity of having 
armed forces to protect his men, and he then 
instructed the superintendent to try and get 
the military on the telephone. He could not 
do so. He then endeavoured, also without 
success, to get the R.l.C. Depot in the Lark, 
but he could get numbers of other places, 
whether by accident or design he did not 
know. Witness then telephoned to the Kil- 
dare street Club, on the chance of getting 
into communication with General Capper. It 
so happened the General was there, but wit- 
ness had no previous knowledge that he was 
there. 

Mr. Justice Shearman intimated that it 
would not be necessary for witness to detail 
all the events of that day, as they were al- 
ready on record, and in anv event they were 
not- within the scope of the present inquiry, 
save in so far as -they were reflected on the 
recent rebellion. 

SOME OF THE CHIEF ACTORS. 

Witness said the only reason he mentioned 
the fact about the Kildare street Club was 
that it was an important factor subse- 
quently, strange as it might seem. He 
went on to refer to the composition of the 
body of men carrying rifles from Howth to 
Dublin. Amongst them were some of the men 
who had been prominently identified with the 
rebellion. Thomas J. Clarke and .John 
McDermott were going about in motor cars, 
evidently organising the whole tiling. Darrel 
Figgis, Buhner Honson, and Professor Mac- 
Dona 2h were also there. 

Mr Justice Shearman — The military were 
called OGt because the police were unarmed, 
and you could not gfrt the K 1 C. " Yes. 

Sir Mackenzie Chalmers — Was the action 
you took successful; was there any trouble? 
Very little. There were two soldiers wounded 
and th'ee Volunteers. Twenty-five idles 
sei/.ed. 

'J he soH'e<M were doing nothing except 
marching back when they weie attacked? No- 
thing whatever. 'lhey had been dismissed 
by me from du