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Full text of "siraimam_yahya"

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<tOii Records of Yemen 

Cnhnel Swtccs to Sir N. 0' Conor, 
(N«. 'Ml) 
Sir, Constantinople, July I, 1000, 

I .HAVE l.liu honour to rnnjuont that you will bo bo good no to forward, for tho 
in formation of tho military uutlioril.ieR, tho following i6nuui6 of llio actunl ndliUary nml 
political condition of ,ilV;iirfl in I-lio Yoiuon : 

At thn death of Uin Iiiiiun, Mnlmmiiind-nl-Diii, oT tlio family of tho /foiditi, in 100'fi, 
two candidates for Llio 1 mtimnhi j> appeared on tho peunn, vi*/,. ( Yahya JJaiiiid-oI-Din, 
Uin Ron of tho nhovo-mcntionnd J mum, and iSaid MohntmiicdMiUIInacliiin-ol-JJftiani, tho 
Iatlor boiug a m-iLii of noiiio MO yearn oT age;, capable, educated, nnd Chiof of Uio tribo 
of Dajrui, which in located in l.fio Sn'uda country. 

Tho uhinf tribca of Uio Yimmn, however, oluwti t\a Imam Yahya, who on llio death 
of Lin father assumed the additional unmn of Hamid-ol'Din (but in known by Uio 
Turks^ ;ih Moliiimiuod Ynhya), mid marchcid agniruit fSnid Mo1innimod~eUIlanchim-eI- 
D.'ijuni, i:oiic|iiori]fl him, nnd compelled him to i-ijIinquiFh Ji in claim Lo collect lux op from 
neighbouring Lrilius. 

When Marshal J'ci/.i I'ukIiu in Inst iSnplfMiihnr rolnok Suna'a, Mnliuminnd-nl' Dnjni.. 
rahallud ngniiiHl. Uio J mum, hoping Unit l,ho Turko would reward him by nominating 
him Imam of Uin Yoituju, 

Several fighta lotik piucn between llio parlinana of (ho Imam mid of Mohainmod- 
ol-Dnjmii, finally meuUin^ in Uio ndv (l ntngo of Uiq latter. Tlioso lionlililicB worn 
fruquoiiLly inloii uptod by iiiLriguoH couduolnd by both parties ugninat tho Tmkn, nnd 
alno l»y inLii.qiiusj between tho 'iurJcn and I'll Onjani ngniiiRl tho Imnm. 

It hceniH that Ynliyu wroto n Un\ft loltor to El JJujnni nxhorling liim lo comn to 
lonirti mid l.o operate jointly u-iili bun ugiuunl tho Turk, Uioir natural onomy ; but 
(■ho 1 1 mini of ftn'jitlu (101 Diijani) injroM t.lio niter. rofufiing to ndmil n rivnl in Uio 
Inmimship, urgtdng LlmL it wan nol. hurudilnry, btit. nbould bo hold by n monibor oT 1.1 in 
Zniiliti who wiih ovor '10 yon in of ngo (a condition unfulfilled by Yuhyu), nnd that 
t.lio Imam should not only bo Llio most lain nod in tho doctrines of ledum, bni. njno tho 
mont vuliunliu war. Mcncovor, K\ Dnjnni oludlnu^od biRiivfil lo n tbcoloRioivl dinpvilo, 
uinlut'lidiin^ Lo iocogni-/,o Yaliyn'H unthoiity idionld it bo danidod Unit tho lullor hnd 
vinKjuishud him. 

Valiyu did nol. ;u:r.np|, Uio.-io pi'iijioKids. I£l .l)nj:uii fJion ddvolopud a coiu:iliatoiy 
iiUiUidu towardH tho 'IVi-UihIi Cifivorjiiimnl., mid nppliod for n aiimll imctiiiinry Hulmi<ly 
and lioino ni\iiiitiuiin of war, promising iT miuh woro Rniulcd to fight ngaiimt Ynliyu. 
Thi« ofl'or wiih liiibniillud Lo OoimhuiLinoplo -fuv Uio decision oC tho Sultan, by win 
it wan not unfavourably jocoivnd, iiiucu a modus viventti with Yahyn apjiciuod itupoasiblo, 
not ojily bccnitHo <jF Iiifi nnconriliatory donmanour, but' bocouao of llio unbnnding 
aj.tiLudo of tho /Juidilin, who do not iceognizc i'ti Ui.o SulUvii tho Oonimuudor of tlio 
J'aii.liful, {dieting UuiL Uiiit titlo w vested in tho //old Arabs, who am doBcoudnd from 
tho rmphnt h whorufto Uio Sidlan in a Turk t\iu\ not no Arab. On Uio othor hand, Lo 
ariivo at an arr.ingnmont with JOl Dnjnni did not appear to present iiiBupornblo 
dinioullics, Hinco Un; latter did not impiro an Yabya did to Uio Oaliplmlo, 

Jt koomii; thai Uin SiiUiiii'h reply — chaiaolerintic of tho utmal yielding diplomacy, 
wJiiidi Inuitfi no nnn — wan ireeivod nbouL n niuiil.lt bIiuio by Uio Yomon nulliorit-ioH, nnd 
^vaa to tlio clux:L that Uin poouniury Biibnidy oonld bo granted if Uio Yomon nuUioritiwi- 
MHinidorcd it adviHablo, but UmL tho reijtioHt for nrinn could not bo acceded Itf.iin, if 
101 Uajani tdionhl bn vioLniioiift nguiiiHt Yiiliyn, thoro wan no gunfaiitco that ho would 
not appear at tho bead of tho Zolditi in armn agninnt Uto Imporial troopB. 

Mftiinwhilo, Uio ^vholo oount.ry eoiiljiiiujn to bn in a ntuto of antucny. 'Jim lii^h- 
bmd A rabii arn at profUMit or.oupiod in agiiealUiral pnrnuiLn (tho bnivcot id reported lo 
bo abundant) and am Uniirpiil, but tho atiugf/ln will plioitly rotiommciieo. •'! 

Thi- tnililiiiy nitusitiojv nhou-fi no ni^u oT imprnvniiiniiU ■Koi'wi IMnha- in Mill nt 1 
Saua'a, but \vjlh 1.1 1 r. aoanl fore.nn avnilfililn in linnble to nndoilako any expedition,/ 
whilst diaoiplinn tlotorioi ;it(*n iiiul nnititmiui uota mo piovnlnut. 

About tho middlo of hint monl.h niiino Itodif companion of Llio gurt'ioon of Inunn 
loll, l.hoir poal and marched to iSnim'n, wbnro Uioy chunovounly urgod Uioir elaini lo ho 
dinelmi'^iHl :\h iiomo of llmir ronmulcjft at Kana'n bad boon. 

l'"i:i/.i l*;i(iliu cauenl lliono lunu lo bi* pnnulod uiirl mldroaand thorn, rnipiii -\t\ft l.lipni 

to ii'iniii In l-bnir duty, but muuy rrifunod to liabm Lo liim, and enrend Uinmaolvrii ovor 

""" ■■''■■■■ ,, - : " '*' • I'-.iKm n.rnb'iMl informal ion that tlio mutiiieci n inlnii'lo'l. 

^jUi! ^pIjJI dlL, 4 : :>:b...5ll y* iL-JH iiJjJl l Jy ^ 



State of afjairs in the Yemen, 1905-1909 487 



to forco ouo of tho town gates of Saua'a by night outMo march out thohce to Hodoitla; 
whoro thoy liopod to obtain possession of u ship nhd sot sail from tlio Yomon: 

llio M-aranal Lhoroupon coucoutrated aomo reliable troops with artillery noor tlio 
gato, and when the column ol mutincore approached, opoucti firo. Mauy wore killed 
tno rcmnmdor boiug made prisonore, autf eventually distributed amoiifeat tho loyal 
balUW ; only a vory fow contrived to oecapo, and tlicao lmvo probably joined 

it would seem that tlio Porlo hsu* decided to gradually withdraw from tho Yomou 
uU [.ho renaming Uodif battalion*, and to soud only rocniita ae roinforcoinoiits ; 
17 t 0UO aro required. 

Lilonnijtion received from Smyrna Blaloa thai. those aro to bo supplied from this 
year H lovy.Ironi winch only tl lC most robust nro dioBon, and a proportion of two-thirda 
oi tuoso presenting themselves at Smyrna aro destined for tho Yomon. 

I have, &o. 
(Signed) 1L CONYlfillS SUllTEES, Cb'lonel, 

Mililiiry Attach. 



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Relations between the Ihiiish and the Imam, 1917-1918 



Tho lloefWrld^b 

(IM-) |9| 8 

N o . la 3 . 30 th Juno^T*) 1 o 

(900/(549) 



Sir, 

I huvo tho honour to onoloeo trail olati on o OJC 

thro a lot lor a Xroin Lha Ijnum Yohia. Thouo ora ia raply 

to tho lottoru Xrom tlio Polllloul rtauldont and myself 

ooi)I ou of which woro tiont you with my doaputoh Ho. 73 (960) 

ot 9th April, 1910. 

t\ 1 n o 
i/anolouo, for your inloriuutlon, ooplon oi' 

tho Polltioal lto aldoii t ' d oovarlii£ doupatchoo nud an 

intorootJtne Ho to by Llou^jpnant-Colouol H.lf.Jaoob on tho 

oorroupondaiioo . 

I do noL ultogotJior agrao with Mujor-Gonorul 
UtowurO'o upproaluLlou of tlio Imam' a aUiluda; and I um 
iuollnod bo think (with Oolopol Jaaob) that ho in oui'1'1- 
-oiontly v/oll diupoaod, but pnuaivo and looking to ua to 
ohov/ ouuoo Tor lmrnodluto uotlon, 

I think thai, IX it Id oonnidorod nooonnary 
ihimodlatoly to briny tho Imam ovor to our aid a, tho pro- 
-oodm'o udvouaUod by Jjloutoruint-0 clonal Juoob io wall 
oaloulatod to uohlovo thin and. 

'Jhiu proooduro would raqulra mi to glvo tho I main - 

Tho ]U(;ht Honourable! 

Arthur Jt.ijiion JJuli'our, O.M., M-l 1 ., 

o to . , ot,o . , o to . 



fl) 'f orrlborlal guaraivbooa 1'or tho luburo. 
(2) £.10,000 u mouth Tor an indefinite porlod. 
(13) JjtiVQo uotilataoo in v/ar maborlal* 

Bofox-o oonaidorlng thono propoaalra it in advluublo 
to Bob forth tho advantugoa wo look bo obbtiln from an 
allianoo with tho Imam and hi a aobivo par biolpablou 

with uu and othor Arab Ohlofa ugalnrjt tho Turka. 

Thouo aro;« 

(a) to ontablluh our prontlg'o In youth V/ooborn Arabia 
and to oloar/ up tlio una a tlofua bory ultuution In 
tho Adan JLLntorland 

(b) to oountor a olaim by tho Turko, baood on tho 
prinoiplo of aolf -determination of pooploo, to a 
oontinuanoo of thoir nominal dominion In tlio Yoiuoiu 
Suoh a olaiin may bo difficult bo rafuba at a Pouoo 
Oonforonoo if tlio Imam in a bill In allianoo with 
tho Ottoman Covonunant. 

(o) to Xaoilltato ■ tho oroatlon of au ugroomonti, or a 

nio^a v^vondl , botwoon our Allien, tho King of tho 
Kod jaa aiul tho Idrioal of Auir, and tlio Zoldl 
rulor of tlio Yomon , whlohvrum aolidlfy tlio poll tloul 
oonditlonu of V/oatorn' Arabia und no our o loonl 
govommontfj on good bormn with bhoir nolghbouru 
and woll dlupoaod to uti . 

(d) to oatabliuh ouoli rolutionu with tho Imam txu will 
ouublo no to aotiint in tlio ooonoiblo dovolopmonb 
of hlu country and will glvo guaranbdon ugalnnt 
intorforonao by any othor Pov/or In bho poll tloal 
affuiru of tlio Yomon. 

It might aluo bo pouulblo , and polibloa.lly uilvan- 
-tagoouu, to obtain from tho Imam a formal, recognition 
of tho priority of King JUuiDoln. 'fho luuunlo onvoy'u 
romarlco in thlu oonnootlon to Xioutonan t-OoIonol Jaoob 
aro of oonaldorablc inboroat. 

having regard to tho poll tloal Importance of 



l\i:lahan\ hchvtr.n the iiiitish mid the. Imam, 1917-1918 



obtaining tho I'm am' e ulllunao, and to tlio dmitfai* o£ 
liuloi'ini to prolongation o:l' un admit tadly unnatiufaotory 
ai tuution, I oonuidor wo uhouXd now dooldn upon 0110 o£ 
tho two following filtornutlvou. 

A. Carry out Oolouol Jnoob'u propoualu, without dotrl- 

mont to our ugrciomontu with tlio Idrloul and otlior 

Arab Chiolu, and without uubwovlhln({ to tho Imcun'ii 

polioy oJC oomplato politloal iaolution. 
Or 
13. Hoinforoo Adon to onublo u military udvanoo Uionao 

to ua mado thiu Autumn uud to ro-oplublioh -our 

fornior hlntarland Xrontiar during- tho win tar. 



01 Lho abovo I oonoltlor 11. to bo in ovory way 
proT orablo . 



A uuocouaXul advunoo by uo Xrom Adon, Lho ofl'aot 
oT Uhor ii'ial uuooooo in tho North and a continuanoo of 
X^roiJQura by tlio Xdrluui (whioh uhould bo utimuXatod by 
uo) wJXl, .1. boliavo , oomblna to X'gruo tlio Iinuin uoTlnitaXy 
to aooopt our alllanoo on tormo inoro Xuvourabla than 
thouo ha iu now praparod to oXXor. 

II* , an X ulnooraly trim I will bo tlio oubo, action 
undor 11. iu dooidod on; I uhould propouo to liuitruot 
tlio Politloul Hooidont not to broulc oi'X oovrnopondonoo 
with tlio Iiimm but to uond oi!f tlio Xnttor'u envoy v/i th 
XiboraX nrouontu and a i'urthor toinpor \.y, intj lot tor to 
hifj inuiitor. 

1 ahoulrt bo <jluu 1J' your obuorva tionu and lnnlnio- 

- U 0I1U 



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on thio oubjoot may bo oommunloatad bo mo, IT poooiblo, 
by holograph. 

I havo tlio honour to bo, 

with tho highost roopoat, 
GIr, 
Your- moot obodiont, liuniblo uorvant, 




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^^o 01^^ ^ * ^jb G.Y/YVU 



Turkish euacrialian, J '91 S-J '920 

XmWd lBth lUbl *w*l 1937 
- 82nd D««ittoib«)r itlB* 



rr«l«* *« u 0*d th* moroiful, th* Oowp**»J»"ftt*, . 

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Uohftj&ftd bin lUald^ud^i 



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OtnortO. fltAWEurtjO.D,, 

Political ntnld«ni| Aden, 

A.0» 

iff* h*d t#l*ftr*ph«d wid *xpl*in*d to you* honor 

th* roaoonn ef stopping th* withdrawal *f th* Ottoman 

d*f«na* *tation«d in th* dlstriut *f T«m«n, pointad *ut ' 

th* liabilities of our alal* g^aiimt th* Ottoman (f#Y*raw 

Bicnt, and r*qtiaat«d Info mnn Hon aonoorning th* «»tfcbll*l>- 

jnont of our ml* In Y*mon In th* rmii way *• «xioti4 Ip. 

th* tiwo or our anofia tori. JUuoh alalm Am btln* und*ni- 

*b}y *dmlttod by tho history of th* world and uphold by 

th* Groat Pow*r«« Will* wo ha** b««n, 1a npit,* of the 

i 
arml»tlo*j oonaludod b«twaort th* I*ow*r* ( anticipating 

your honor* ■ r*ply t wo havo lsarni *b»u% th* atUok Mad* 
by th* Brit in h. *qu*dr*ri and foro** a«*in*t %hm i*po*t*nV 
Port or Y*miin i.«* Hodolda *nd lift forol/fbl* peaupfttl*n, 
iluoh *uddon Motion h«* tnn da a bRd imp***oi*n and m groat 
agitation wiionuot thrt inhabitt»nt* of Yaa«n ^rurally/- 
thou c h wo hud formerly orplninod to you th»t w* do Aft 
wi*h un/ blodd*h*d or th* ooourrtnao of anything whloH 
might dioturb the friendly r*la.tion* f wo n«o«»flarUjK*'t 
wiah to maintain wUh th* Or*at Hrltl»h OoT*ri*n*n*. V* 
r*qu**t«(l Your Kxa*ll*noy to obtain th* final »«ai*lt« 
of th* a*«t«t r*w#x» for th# non-intorf*r*no*j with *uj 
Imamio QoTornmont in T*m*n in tho out* way a* *ur an- 
OBOtorc u«* to b« # 

Kow wo deem il *dtl*abl* t* d*l*snt« h ^ ; 
taU*n.oomprlp*d of o^ia Mi bin Ahm.d Mn Ibrahim .^ . 



wv 



Records of Yemen 

AX Im** *ht (Xx) U*mb«y of Parliament for T*n*tt # Bab* liagf 
(Xat) Htmbtr of Parliament for fatten, Kadi AX Talcri Abdallah 
Al Axaehi *nd Hr % Karfcjaa tht Uan*£«r 'of tht Otttmart BonJc 
in order to nolra the quontiona abora referred t|», to «n* 
nur« friendship »nd remotfi all omieta of tnleunde rat wading ' 
betwaon ub^ 

Wo hat* deputed tht aforftaald carnal ntion t» matt YqilJ^ 
Excellency, *>jnd *• request jrou to promptly iteut ©rAort tf 
the Commixndunt or tht Uritioh Foroeo *t Hodelda ta at onǤ, 
tttep nctiri tir^'or opnrmtlonw) pending tht reoult of tht 
negotiation nn<\ atttlcmnnt;. 

V/O vinh end hopo that you vrill on the «*riYal(*% Aden} 
put a atop to all tho difficultly mid do *AX you a&n to 
oubttsmtiuta humanity *nd friendship xhioh ira de»lr« ta 
maintain for nrcr 

May you •to. 



Herewith a lttttr to tht *ddreea tf III* Uajeety jvmt 
King, rrhioh plont« transmit to him # 



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Turkish evacuation, 1918-1920 



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Tho Vilnyafc o_C Yoinon, 
i.tuy 3rd, l«i;_0. 

iVi-ow I Mln l.xnnl 1 nimy. Mnhinoud Nndonin, Vnli Of tho Yomon * 

To l Tho Honournlilo tho Oonrf.il 01 tho Unltod f.fcrtou nt /.d«n. 

Vour .'Jxon 1 Lonoy I 

1V0 bois to inform your honor Uiz-fc (to Ilhoit thofc your 
h (mourn bio novorn.:ionl. Iwui boon I ho inodol oi' limiiunlly omi the 
iiinMn.mrtiiv ol' tho (ilvll.l.iniMon In t.li In /;jofil wiir. Tho 
,'■1.1,1 rlunn n> Lion tin n uhoin hnvo nwdo II thnlr duty in thoou 
l.nrrlh.1.11 mUi for! mm n ivh l.oh Ijh Cij 1.1 Um world, to giro 
turn I, j- Unit. I .mm i. r» f.Jin n rL'U.utnd mid nu fL'tiron. which wnn Iho 
DiiHDii of Mn> I i- id! In I". VIni rn In nn oountry uhloh Iimi boon 

deprived ii r Um J v .-nnnroun ^; J. t't,n • 'Hmy hnvo boon tho oiuno 
nf dm v J. 1115 inl'l'l. Lojiri from l-ho uvLln oi' diu.j.'wi<.. nnd huugol* by 
mo. mo of ivJiLoh .ho ijl.fjriouo Amo rlonn Uovarti.nanb cwid nntioa 
hnuu iiu-iu Lrr.-.l it vn i-y hif;U rrnuUi tiou. Thnir honoroblo 
docidn nro room-do A v,-U;h Uio Ink o£ iO-ory In tho hiotury or 
huinnnlt.y nnd ul vll.l mill o.i. I du mi t AxnppoJrlito , If I nuy , 
thnt tlmJr nuii'lu rji't'f.rliii Jmvfi lino a (U.rou Lou tonordn tho 
utii.tnri. iintioii.) . 'ihny Ji/i vo iiotit KnA Oraun Uoolotloo ami 
ahn rJ. tnbl'j iiiliHiltinii , i-rhioh hnvn boon vrovad to bo o£ gronb 
luiXp La oil. nil rl,n of: tho o an torn oountry. Thoy )invo tmvod 
.['ruin -Miinritlon n Ifii^'ii- nniiibfir thnu thono v;)io /till vlotimn 
in U\iu unJ'oi Lom;t<i 7,-nr* Thin olmrnq to riu tlo which 

/Liinpirnrt. 



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Re en ul.s of Van 



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ijHipirod you onpouno fcho onuno of humanity onaourngod uo to 
bofchor Your JSxoallunay for int orvon lion mid Xor ffoopotohln ff 
our application horowUh ouolouod, to tho Oublimo Porto at 
Ooilnt' ntinoplo an ooon no po uoi bin anil to obtain for uo 
luonoy, in ordor Co oavo If r#o number oX mon from tho doath. 

Oil loading tho tipplJ.onU.Oii you will oomo to Jaiorr 
about; tho onlnmitioo whloh boXull tho oXXioorn who h«vo boon 
loft miido in tho Yomon. IX thoy do not got on immediate, 
ouooour, tlu,y will bo rmbjoot to donth on account o£ tho 
oxiutlnr; luui/ror nml hokodnoon . 

'3)\.:>;7 your hinjto, o)i oupouuorii oX humrnlty, in 
ordor to ruliovo thorn from rnlof or luno r.nd bo tho onuno oX 
niitl/yatin ff tho ir oufXorin 8 o« ahoulrt Your Kxoollouoy, who 
In M,Uo)H,d to tho woll known nation, pdnnoooln* good 

flUaUria ' lUo,1 ' l » fli l to do oo, who oluo would bo worthy 
of auuh olwtrnctnrint.Unj, nlnn ? 

in oonolunion plof.ua aocopfc our oomplirnonfcn and 
oxouuo un for bothorln ff you with UiJLo mo wo nre oompollcd 
to do no by prnnalii e o iroumn t duo o o and clonfcinloo. 

tU/liwjd/ Mohinood Hadoom, 
Vaiiof tho Yomon. 



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Tho VllnynL of Yomnn, 

[■'i-niii : II I n K/o (i 1 liiii'i.v, j'Uihmoofl Ilniloom, Vn'Ll of i.lin '/cumin 
To : liiii K.-:tni 1. 1 '. riny , Thn rhilil. i mn I'diLo, C omii I on 1, 1 Jin p lo 



lOu r Kvon'f 1 mil':,' : 

.V.i :;nro lui'lnr t.ho Luiprnn r.i L u n I,] in I. mi noon (in 
I ho ivnr n".(,i'in,i f/ul t.liD c\ ii'iltit. Ian mI/siioiI. mLuniuu will 
(iQitin Lo uu !\tv i .1 ii'Tii { ii|* iin from I In, (.-runt, ovLl u(iiinof|\igiiooH 
o.C Lho hlonI;nM/i , nml f.lvrj vil Luf Lu llin IniHio in Lnfj 
r.ii .liui.ry i-n.l civil, ihTLouit., nho li/ivu boon' mil) .)n o LniV Lo 
" ■n.-.tn o/' tmn-r)!" .; ri - 1 linrw. An \vp hnvrj bono donp'ilrnrt 

nf nil.i Inn yutii .iu 1.1,-n r t , i-.-n h^vf. / ilnpUnI inivuin]. ificifirin 
Ln oidnr lo rnipu: I ti t you o [ our ill .lUtriuml o i ruUMn L' nooti, 

llll L WO Jli.V.i lii", ;;lif;c.1ij...ia O^Uiijtl Uil'inil<h U» O O X" C 1 O fl 1" H X 

thin provlnon r-ho luivu bmui '.bin i. o inlurn to onnli-n tinopli 
'J'hoy li/ivu iw -InnM. i> [t.l.i, looil Lo Ton ]■ 'ixunllfiiiny Lh o grnnt 
.nu.tM'nr I l\i',;) v.'.i ]ni'.-i\ boon ]Ui I, Lm, I.d/'/iUkd i 1 til oil tho 
ni.Jiur o I -.- 1 I , m-1 nl.l!l,:iry t> T :" i »s fi i" ij - n-t l,h*> huiw'or ntul 
povorty wo hnvn bono m'tumnl l,o fin rl otlioi' pil:tru.l 
oLrouniMUnUMjii whloh fir n Imlnim r LUtiblo ?. n«L InliHlnrrliln , 

Al'Liu- Mm ilnp:.j-l.urn of tin nnld nf fl onrti, tho 
o 1. tool! on h'iro h/.n brioomn morn unrioun ntul Lhoro nro no 
'm-w nit o 1' on fu ly . 

Thn oj'rionni Mitrl orn.olnl.il ,vhO tliouf^lit It 
tic,'.; i Jiri M lory to Miiriviiulm' Uinmrjo 1 vo n no prlfionori), motlo up 
thn l.r hiLm-Ih I, o unci I I'S.nn thnLr .llvtin, (in in pro non t,ti 1 1 vo n 
otf Urn JJulil.iinri fio'.-oi/iiiionl:. , Mini to pptlsntly bmr Wio oviln 
ol" povni'ty, hnvn now linofttnn iiuliJnoL to i\ Tory pitiful 
o 1 . rooiiin liuuiiui . IWinin oT t Ii'im iU rnl in ooniui'tunmio n.C 

huiH/or null ;irikiiii nniii! nii'l nr ny oX Uinni '<i'e now lying 

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1 ;.- l iif* nndor Urn nliy /.Jiil on l,ho rjround . Thoy hnvo DOld 
, ; U Win 1 r prnoinu:! l-hliiftn, IouvJLiik nothing with thorn to 
),n :it>:i.I, ol.hnr Uw.n Dim I r own ro|iul.atl on, inoro ptirlioulurly 
Uto puril.-.iiM ;ihia lu'Vl. ihj wJiono T'Oan wrn not t*> tio noon 
uy l.iii) iililiij.-ijr of llwi rluy, li.- vo 11 > boaoino »vi 111 Oiulr 
.: h i. 3 rl j i» -t i:nJ-. o'l i..ini hM.i^ry, J.f no roll of! wou3.il oomo to 

ilifiiii noun, LMm.v ivnnl.il imJ'oj'o lon/j full in Uia ovilj oil 
rl i ;ir.r Fn: o « 

' i " l r > • i nunlwr u,r ^y(|)Vf»ri! In Yumon In not u amnll 
odo .10 >.h' !. !.ao U' p.o vo ri hum n t in' y no/jluob, format mid 
');.'";.' tli.|i:i .'i.;.iy. XJin part thoy plryoil In thin fcorrlbln 
■ ■'' r 1:' .mo ^ f i. !m I'm,':!, honii )". t) 1') ,\nodn, Thny hnvo 

nJto.vu :i' J-'Mi;:' h \>;\\ 1 I t; 1 ■ J i m y h ; . 1 no :n t .- 1- 1 n njitt In npito 
"f i-n., Vuv i"ii'l,n,| of (.hn hlookndo, ir ji t oX roodu lullo 
■"ii'i n'h'W n ■nto:t , I. i. i o M, Limy lr y« boldly .Cnaod tho 1< tro 
iiui.iiiur i'T !.!i>Mr .wimnlnn ntvl Imvo i.\ H jUo tvfl tho bntlloo 
■•■'.' n '- i 't (1 ,fy* II i;ovu i nin L> L i :i notion I. lir; thorn on 

lli ' li: "n:i' of iJim t r ,» : I, 1hhi:(], ,r. fj i' I L'l (Hi n ■ irl li toni f nntnofju 
In i' i'-i -'oi •; \ n )• MiMir 1*< 'n'T mjhI t. liF>(, of Ih.jlr rjovovnmonfc 
'■ J I ! '-'toy l : o , It. | :i tin I, i ihmiL !in«-ior'-liy riln nnJ (H bod 
j .-■.-.■r.i-,1 . 

A Mum I I in. rl.y i) f fnoiilnr:) of l-hli: prnn Idouoy 
'in! .'. K, ;,-i.m i fkr imi hnvo loft In umnpiny o.f Lho oocnnumdn l" - 
in-'iJilof ./M.l.o <0 1 Lh.i : ,Uff ^ n d a t.h ( i r nmoorn find nbout 
l ( ' 1 ' "Mior Mii'in.u-'i i-n.l ontWi.Uon of JLndi vldiifiln nt 
;: " ,1M ' i i 'ii-.i. lnj ill), tin] jioiiiiLoiKirti, wldo-.TU, ornhnna, olo. 
" ; " fi 1 ■« :i< i I t iifiio. Vhulr ILvnn mid l'opulr. tlnnn n»o 
■i"i''i '.'iit, ,m y.Mu- n.iiiiio of rHputiiLlon mid volition. Qhould 
."■■' ^ ,;'■'■" Mr| t Uioy uhoiiid dio oi' huii|;or or bo in o utnto 
:,r ,!1 ■'; J ■■»''■" i . ,; '>'l uU.t no voi ^or^Lvn you, olhor'-iuo hi a ton 
iii '"'nlliii; ;'"i..r i:iomh t.ni'y r.noi n L niia o omouutiiiij to n t looot 
: "- > f''" I 1 ;-' n I o] o|;rn;i)iJ.n moormRo through tho honornblo 
"■""[in]. i-l:i-,'.iirh '.vnr.n t.JiLn fpiionl In nubinlttnu. Ilnva rogarfl 






Imam Yahya, J9/!)-J!J2/ 



£01- O'ocl mnl ;Cnnr Min [Hinl-nhmont for tho dulny end. 
nocl^Ronoo you hnvo boon uhowiny, uo t hus o cm no quo nw*. 
of thin will )jo tho aouth of tho nbovo montlonod 01 
lnuMjor or thoir ronnrtion to tUjiRrnoaful uafcn. Do 
not think th/it i.ny on: in Ynmon v/ill gl^o onn parn 
on loon. 

Wo ,,t ro now oxpootititf from you tho oonb of 
oithur I'oodjUffn ar tho monuugo of douth. ; ffo,. hovi 
ivri Uon 1,)iJ..j Jii» pot 1 in Arjbio, mu 1 1; in nuoounnry to 
aoquolnt tho tnodluin r;Uh Mio objnot for whiah it hnn 
boon -.vrittan. 

.'.LjjiumI/ Mk) who oil Nnduoin. 
Vuli of tho You ion * 



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.yV/M'L-T. 



Turkish evacuation^ 1018-1920 

No. 3711/2. G. 
Mo:uJqiif.irt«rn , Adon KiolfJ Force , 
Adon lObh. . . .Juno. . . .1919. 



To, 



ho Firnl, Afi:i irvluul, ttonidonb, 
A J J K N. 



U'',M01?.ANJ)IJM. 



orowiLh copy of communication from Llio ox 



Villi M' "I'lio Yomon l-o J Jio Grand Vi/.ior ti 



Com; UuiLintmlo . 



n- 



Cl; 




fJrjnr.riL.'l :M.;ifr,Adnn J-'iold I-'orc 



' OI'CO 



1>- (, 



YY<\ 



CI (.> *■ ■ 'i . 

Tho Grand Vi v,ior ,(lonn tantinoplo . 

Your f.xonllonoy ' n tolonram of J: lot 1'ay 1010, 
roooivod on 1G/I7th Hay .1910 , through tho Britinh Comman- 
dant of Hodoida of Q , o\ Commanding A . I' 1 . V * in whioh it wan 
ordorod that on tho arrival of tho to In pram, T must at oncn 
n tart, for roturning to Ounntuntinoplo , and tho Turkinh f.raplo 
oyoon , otayinp at Yomon f wi 11 , in future, bo undor tho oontrol 
of tho Qonoral.to tho Ilritinh Oovo rnment . ^horoan.in the 
lottor of CLO. Commanding A.P-I' 1 . of 15th Novombor , 1910 , 
roooivod by mo, it vran ntatod that in nooordanoo with thn' 
Clauoo 10 of tho Arraintioo , nnnounood by tho G.O , Commanding 
Adon,thn Garrinonn at Yomon, and Anir nhould nurrondor to 
thn noaroot Alliod Ooini-iandnntn , and tho Civilian Oovornmnnli 
should bo oubjoob to thin. 

In my roply of 3rd llovombor , 1^34 (16th. II ov . 1.01 8 J T 
ntatod that no ordor lian ooinn until now to tho Vllnyot 
from my own (jovnrnmont ,and bonidnn thia, thorn uan not a 
oliyhtoaiv nip;n in tho naid Olauno , to Lhn offnot of the 
ovaouation of thn nivilian Uovormnnnt ,and that tho nron - 
poritioo of thin plaoo.in ontirnly in tho handn.of Min 
ftxTollonoy tho iman,and wo tiro , in auyry nay, in nnod of hin 
annintanoo , and if it wan roquirori to rntiro.it would bo 
noon unary to obtain liiti oonnont firntly; and an It Tfafl 
our right to oommunioabn vrith our Oovornmont ,by tho Clauno 
of tho Armiutioo , T hacbo roquon tod , that tho nooonnary ntopo 
nhould bo takon to got a dintinot ordor in tho oinhor, 
oxinting bobwonn you and J! in Jlxoollonoy tho Imnn,unr1 that" 
a Turkinh Hmployon nhould bu ankor,l ( from Oonntantinoplo, ■ 
for tho oonvonionoo of all thn off ioialn , and poople, 
hoadod by mo. Jn bin rnply of ItJth Novombor 1918, it ivaa 
ntatod that tho toloj<ramn oonoorntbnp: tho fUiblime Porto , 
containing tho naid oi rtuinntanooo , havo boon v/irod through 
tho Hinintor of War, of Min Ultimo no /l'lio Britinh Oovornmortt 
at London ;■ -, Although thn fulfilment of hi o prominoa ,noro n 
ropoatodly roquontod from thn O.O.Adon,by thn teloptrams o£, 
0/9th. ,1G/I9th. ,and 215 rd Dooombor ,334 and no from you , and 
from I'inintor of Intorior and Miniotor of Yfar , throuph tho 
noid 0.0. bub roooivod not a natiof aotory mply in aooord - 
unoo vrith tho allianoo , oortif iod by thn national ^omtnittop, 
and banod uj>on tho honour and dignity , Min ^,xoollnnoy tho " 
Iman in oxpootintf tho official nnnounonmont by tho Turkish 
Oovornmont for tho annurunoo of thnir olaimn. 

It in qui to ovidont , that thn rircht of tho Vilayot 
in to oxpoot a dofinlto,and in ovory wajp trustworthy ordor 
from Conotantinoplo , in tho Oiphor of Min Exoollnnov tho 
Iman, in thin important and dolioato timo an wo 11 tlio 
arrival of tho ripooial I'm])loyo . And if ovor tho olauno 

of tho Armititi oo , rolatlntf to thin plaoo in vrritton to un 
with tho abovo oipho r , ordorinf^ our ovaouation and to nturh 
un woll ^M1 obtaining tlio nononnt of Kin Kxon 1 1 onoy tlm 
Iman ( yot it will bo " dii'i'oult tliat offloialn in Vi Jayot , niid 
tho oontral Vi layo tn , oonn i ntinK of ?,A Pi n tr L otn , and 00 ' 
Jlahiolm , to ttonooiid from a dintanoo of tJ,10 dayn to tlio 
nhoro.in a jninorablo oondition , oninp; to tlio faot that tho 
Vilayot of f ioialn ' nalarion nro ontniandlnp; for 40 inonthn', 
and owin^. to tho bad'ly rnqiji romontn , wo urn all undorp.oinK 
\ip to dato,and an wn mado a loan for tlio noourn and main- 
tain of tho Army, and thun wo [/o L into dobtrt until our Lliro^ 



xr 



'J'mki.Ji I'tuifintfmu, /V/tf- 1^20 



[hid or thin oiroumotunonn , it wilJ bo diffioult to otiirt 
from Viliwot,boforo no tiling our dnbtn , offinp; to tho oortoin 
runh of tho eroditoni upon uo . ]3onidna thio.Hifl 

J ixooi Ion ay tho Inunjiuo to noouro ovor fi^OO, 000, tho morotuin- 
-tu and tho pooplo ,lmvo to rnooive ,£150,000 for tho Vnxoa of 
tlui Wrtr imd loon, and thn off ioiuln ,irho am to-day rvfc Gann-r, 
SSSnnrS 15 u^tral.Hodoiduh.Tniz Mvnn olaim amounting to 
y^UO, 000, Under tho do oiraurantancon ,it ia badly nooooRnry 
to ooouro tho voyago o.xponnon ot. And it in in tmyway 
no oo n nary to nond a npooial oroployo from thoro. Tho 
oJiiaiuIn .orphnnn and voniiionorn who aro nuffoontod 
oxtromnly in tho minory.und troublo and who uro aloo 
oxfcrnmoly ohokod in dobto.uill not bo loft froo by tho 
oonditionii.unloDD thoy nottlo up thoir dobto. This in 
undorntood from thoir oonotuntly opplianoon f niiiclo from nor/ 
m n otrlat vmy. Thin wan ropoiitndly informed to you 




r n]oio ^ v/it t0 rot "'o,it would bo nooourmry tonond tho 
a tnoMo poinio Iin n0,, ? i 2? V ^ 10 or ' lor in «M«r. Vhorouo 




it 

ti 



1 „' ,^ ° V "° H" 1 * (,uti0B " orn thn " n-onanaryiom 
urtiolin!" Ul ' ,0fln " mi """"wo"" by *allinB tlmir houib 




m 



y> Records of Yr.mc.u 

15. 



Although tho Adon fjovornnont had prortiood to oond thn 
jff i .ooi\: , l''nmi lion and won , nurrnndnrod rrith Said raaha.G' 
riicnUio aj.;o , an woll an tho [Jorpn Coiannndor officorn, 
olvi'ilano and Fnr.iiHon ,wlio havo lata'ly nurrondorod , thoy 
uro otill undor tho proonui'p ut Intliuiup , Adon ,Karoaran 
Carnpa v.' hi oli aro bolonj^inp; to Yomon. Tho inhabitanta 

of Yomon who two not w 11 linn; to part ovon one mi nuts from 
our ovm Oovorn]iicini,nn no 11 an from Hin JiXuollnnoy^' the 
Iinan , uulonn nettling up thoir do btn t (mounting to pnormauc 
total to tho pooplo,an rrnll ati tho loan inado until thn laot 
dayn.for tho upkoop of tho anny and unlona^ tho arrival of 
a it In Limit ordnr,nn wall an tho dologatou ~f rom C'onntanti - 
noplo.all tho Turkinh lOinployoo loft at Yomon , hoadod by mo, 
will not march a paoo ovon to tho noaront pAint. 

Tn ardor to noouro Yomon , to hn undor tho Turki nh 
(.love rnrr.ont , tho pooplo nro nhonin^ npooiiml rorpootn to tho 
of i'i oia.l n , "ioro than boforo. Tho Hritinh Jimp] oyon , in ordor 
to dncnivo I, ho public viown.to wiuh a warrnnt in thoir 
favour , by prnnnlnj.', oomo linjplnnn pooplo, at Hodnidah; Thnir 
minding printed Mnniornnrtunm" to i.ho tribon.and f^jontaikn Qf 
Yumon , t't.l tin^ thorn that thoy urn not following any liopo , 
but an if to navo tho pnop'Ju froro tho nbrooity of tho 
ottoman Uovo rnhiont , an although thoy had doolarod and 
puib'l iuhod that aftor tho ova.6ur.tion of Turkinh Koroon , tlioy 
would luavo Yomoii an fron; an noon aftor tho Ai^nintioo, 
thoir nuddnulv ouuupy iiif/, t until now ,Hodo id ah , and bouhia, 
contrary to tho In tornutionaJ l r aw and thn Armijitico tonno; 
and thoy arc konpinf/ tho blookado novo ntrioily than bninp; 
in war 1. Lmo ; a.] at tlio "..11 11 tary , oivi 1 inn and f ami Hon ,NJ<flrR 
who worn takon by thain t aro bo in^'kopt , an afornnald ntntod, 
utnlur iifoiniiirti at Intlmuo , ijnd Karnaran uuarantino quartnrn, 
and no rop'Jy in boinR iiont to t.iany notioon.but nondin^ thin 
your ordor in ulnar atul dirootjand in tlm SnKlinh pn.porn 
'pub.l ItiJiod at ];*r'',ypt,whitdi omno in our potmoitnion in tlio laot 
dayrifOnd boin^ dnolnrod and prnnontod ovorywhoro t n tatnp % 
that a vnry bljj; rovo.l uti onn nro provailinf/, in '''.K.ypt 'Uid 
indln, ,:vnd an tlio lh'itinh Clovo rnrinu t ban aoooptnd Llio 
I'loimn ttu-.in , olio in bnin^ forood by all tho (Imat Voworn 
to rji|/,n it;and Llio prnliibitlnr. of nondiuf/; lottorf? ,ovon 
nutij ootod to oonnor.liy tho of f ] uo ru , m ooompimiorl rjaid Panha, 
and by tho off ioorn , oivi linnu and othnrn ,it1io havo latoly 
ntartod from adon and K:unurun , linlontfinijr to Yomnn to thoir 
f amilion , rujatioua and f rinnd n", lof t ut Sap.iu),; and thono 
viluj lvant to brlii^ thn nnno of tho offioovn hoalth at Adon 
aro boi.ni/ dinaJloworl not only to intorviow tliom.but to 
oomo in oontaot vri t)i tluim.njid tlioy nro bolntf ntriotly 
]>i-olii bi lotl ; and ovon tlioy aro nrov , ntin l v tlio i.iorohanta to 
(•;o to I),jodn,fii.ivakina iviut Honoara; havo caunod hero tho 
bo.1 iof to tlm I '11-lioaJ th of thn Ar-'iintioo tormn,and of 
ymir ordor. Ilia K.xoo 11 <?noy tho Ii.ian luia if i rod to 0\O.Comiii 
-■audi ni.; Adt!ii,on d.ifforont do.ton , otatinp; that ho io proparod 
to koup tho to rum of tho alllanaa t and tliat ho' ouf/,ht to bo 
infornod b^ I lio ?urkinh (lovornnioni in hio own oiuhnrn. 

Tjio i'o l *uri.i , in onlnr to not tin an tho oJaimo of Hin 
Sxui>.l.loiu , y Lh'.» Tin an a. a Vi'o'JJ r.u of thn aCoroiiald nviin,bninK 
tnkfjii on J o.-'.n and an ta:<nn of war L'rom thn pooplo; dobtn of 
M on:i idiinrit , (ji'phann a to; tho ou tntandiu|{ oolarion of tho 
oi'J'ioialu onabJliifj; tliom to Jivo on until to obtain fronh 
::]-»po In tnifinfn In i'uturn u v until to find a Jivn.lihood 
atloui-iii^ t.h'i I r I'al.iwnii ; a trn ] \ Iciunrn and trustworthy 
('.idn^nUiit'.iiiUiiDiunl nj' iiipji runka , boa r Lju-', thn ouffiaiont 
imo nmiary nuiiin , n luni J d Iki iiont with tlm aonoorninf/, dotiurmnto 
to r:io and !,n II i m )■; ;< tn* I Innoi' tho [j.ian.ia "in j -t\on 1 1 nnoy tho 
i Mai i ii n i jdm r . 



YrY 



Turkish evacuation, 1918-1920 



Under tho above airoiimntanaGo , tho oaid do legatee nhoul 
have tho powor to faoilitato tho offioialn frendora.tto 
&hoy novor aooopt tho hatoful prinonrnont boing victorioua 
horn, mid baing not obligad to undergo this, by their* 
roligion of oervloo; and an all tlio dooumemto aro boing 
kopt,oont in by all tho Meohaiks and v/lno pooplo,to tho 
.qffoot that thoy will r^ot part from tho Turkish Govt, 
'and Hio Kxoollenoy the Inuin.nn anothor noparato dnlnrr/iton 
to bo flont to dinoovor tho faot that under .whioh Govt* 
rule thoy aro doniroun to aooopt. Under t,ho roanonablo 
voaaonn as laid down, if my nuggootiono aro not acoodod 
to, and if no ordoro in oiphor aro boing oont by the t 

dolngatoo,! inform you that it will be- import ai bio to ntar 
anyrvhoro olao from Yomen,until tho peaoo in 'conoludnd . 



L>d . I'ahmoud Hodim , 
Oovnrnome of Yomon. 



10th !.!nv.BB5. 
23rd May 10.1.9. 



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(2) Records, vol. 6. 439, 444. 

(3) Recods, Uol. 6.p. 43b. 



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( 1 ) Record, Vol. b. pp. 434. 

(2) Record. Vol. b. p. 433. 

(3) Ibid. Cp. 446. 

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(1) Records of yemen. Vol. 6. p. 406. 



'10(> Records of Yemen 

i>rftphrAfl9(U. January 17Lh. i'nin. 

From Cotad(5, 

Torlia. 

To GanatnfT, 

Aden. 

-10.1 D. / fJII.'CUOl NASIK of tho coaotul trlbou boUjon OHPJIKJI 
3AAD mill UOX1LK lino nont li.Ld brother hero today tmd Una authorized 
him to oWifc'j that if thyflo trlb^o own oowo imd<?r FJritlah 
promotion they k.111 utny on tho eo/iot. OUiorwlne tho intond 
ftolnc Into th* Anterior ua thay four tho IMAM. It Id flucgooUrt 
that thoy ijuna fin nouroelituil mloolon to Ad on to ntato their 
miflo if you will ywnn.lt thvta to do ao. Information haa boon 
rouoLvod fro,! MOi-A to tho offoot that Turlca hava dootroyod 
lni'G" CAino to prevent Choir faUinfl Into thv lumdo or th* 
IWAI.I, JOO boxort of nwinun.lt ion havo boon loft in MOZA owln^ to 
«hort« C o of transit. Tho party now at UMKIKU flAAD practically 
i-loa from tho IMAM,th*y cut mi vMrou bofoiv, louvlna;, / 

January loth, i 01 D. 

Ad on. 

To Coinrtf;. , 

Tor ltd. 

67 0/0 lULh.your -10.1 1.1 1711,. / If l.ondmon ooi.o to A.!*,, 

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8*LJ 5^1 c^ jlj-^JVl Ji >U? dJLT ^1 lJjJJIj JjUtfl fl^T J 

li^J^i* 4 j«1jji aiaL. jjij jiI^ji j^ii tjisjju 5^^x11 >lJi 

<tf e^l? .^i>«-Jl olljjl oSjy 1/ t(J ^sU ^ ^^ ^j l\j L^Jl jsrjf 
^ oUl^ c^JiU iJsUJi oUU ^ OvL'Ullj ?j— ^ Ji>^l^ 

i> is" ^^ji^i^i ti^f j? ifcpi Vj t j^l jOp jj^ Li^ ^, if ^ 

J-JI 4jUwI ^L ^^J? l)jVh U:U1I iljL>.)f Li if^*L* Jp ^.j-LJ 



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iLSJl J ,^-Jlj cJLUiJI ijj iU^Vl ^ o^ ,j-L« .1 Jp (3U:^I J ^-iJl 

oU»L-PI o^iSTj ^1 jl^jJl ^ pU-l ju, J« f l_->1 Jilj L,i^ 
oii t mi 4&- J j_ap ^Ulj t^M^I Jjjdl ^o j^JLII JJ-.I <LliLi 

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viJliJI JuvoiJI 

Jl ojlj^l jdp J ^.LJl ^l t^UJl usUJI i)L-j o^p Aij ^U-JUlj 
c^b J* sj, jj-l ^ IjJ^ ^ jj| ^UVI ^^ LLUo ojIj-^I ^ 

LgJ ^ J^iJl Jl r L,)/| ^ iJLwy -U^LJj t(LS>|) 4^-1 iULaiL 

>^ 1_ -' ******** „i ~ * 

JiJ* O* o-iJ^-i J -L*4- <_S-Ul f t>LJl ^J^ Jp aJUsl- J.^j aLpj 
Jjl J* SJ^aJ-I Jl oUiUJLl yiy SiL^ 4_U CZy Lc ;aJjjUI diL- 

.J£4k*jj 

Jl 4XJUj J S^lj UaJl <L-L^ Jl U- JOP J ^LJ| j^il I St j± 

oi> if <-J i~ f LoVl ^ iJU-j Li j&) a Sld_^l ^jJi c f L^I 
j^L-^,1 J 4^jL^ ^ a_J ^L}U o^SLi ^ d_I, oijJl ^^ J_, tsl jbLl 
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PJJL^- JjL£ OJlS" AjUaj^Jl 4—L~Jl <j! tiJlk^jJl JptfjJl ^ ~-,^- : j 

SJl.jJ-1 J ^UJI pi'U-l *k-!jj ^ ^V jW- 1 sjl.jJ-1 J ,^-L-Jl ^U-l 
jiy J ^ jL, J (^^ i/N (^' 5_^vap) ^Vl £JL- Ji L- M. Steeler 

jLwitS' ( ^->oI 3***-J 5*0~*^ (3^*-* <J (Ht^-* ^r^aJ-^ ^°jlc^ Vlr*-^ r+'^ip 

jLx^i j\ j^ola <j 353111 5_» jj JiL| ijJ^\ i\J>\ ^>\j dj-L2*i jjuj oU tjj! 

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oLi^iJI p^LSj cjU^ill ^^iJ^l la»:.^l Jp ^ij-Lij t^^^UijJl LJLL^j 

^jjJl oLya - SJl ^yasoj UidjI^Vl uj^j^l ^° -^^J tSJbJbLi J 4jjLj>cX!I <^>"Vl 
i^j-J CUJljU jbw ^ oLJLs^ Loj C^VjJl j-^^J -(^U^)" Q^'j-d Ijj^ 

AA\- ^VA^ t i ^ r -»Jl JslJj ^^ u^^ L -J' ei^-' cJ 5jj-i^' l^*3j-^y ti^J^ 



(1) Records of Yemen, Vol. 6. P. 547 



uf*±z (Jp iijjj^o J-^j JL5J 

■ «* •* 

tij^l iUaii SjLjJ; c^ jjLidl iSpj i4J_^j ^>^ f L» Jlill jj^l 

^f^i^i^U^uki^iJI^^j^^j^iiju^i^, 

lil ^L^ ^ ^f oNL^I LT j& jjucJ ^ cSjujlU Jj 
fyL-j Jl oUJ, j* Ljlk,^ ^JU i]^>. J| l^i ^u, iJLy Si 



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1-^Mj aJU I ^JLkl I *^ J ^JidJ jLj» j4-i diJ Joj JjjAj Lu^ 

J. M. Stewart 



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A* • J l urn uit. imi k,j . 

ldth J Miliar/ 1919, 

Th« Inca tf Oan»» 

Tour Uxoallonc/, 

T*ur enrip arrl**A in A* an In twa parti**, 

tha fir«t »n the 3r* Jwiuiry th* l*U«r «n th« XXth lnaft, 

T«*r Xx«»ll«n«r ha* •xpr^en** a T ;i «*. \m a*n* th*** 
•iitojts U ««« **, B n« I In till hip* tli^t It wauld l«aA t» 
a apt**/ arrajinatt*nt b*tw««n the Nrltinh (WYtrnmaiii ml 
7»ur KxoolUnar Kloalf asrasA U rualTi th*», n»t arrancaa 
for their pa»a«fl* fraa tloanW* U Atom 

I* was »*^ lntantloft ta cIt» thaw an lnWrTlaw yrt 
neon aftar thair arriral, 

7h» fiynl jarty prafarra* t* await th« arriral af 
tho Docmd, 7h« M«*nA IwnadtaWlj on *rriTal f an* ilU^ 
out «o7inuitlnK **, rinttW * T»r#len Caimua, »_nd hanaM 
hit* A letter Trstt Tour Sxtallaiiajr, J"or tranamlaalaft ta 
lh» Hand af Ills floTernn«nt t 

In thiu lattar Tinr Kx««l-l*n«y aarnplnlna* *f th* 
tra&twont y«w hn« roaalYt* Tr»w m« »nd Lht JJrifclak 0«Tirn^ 
aant tmA urj:«* that /a* an* y»ar alaJma wluHt b« r»p*9~ 
■•ntoA at the raaoa C«nririn«t, 

I cofcriWar thai thl« ntlo« w«a act unjwn tl r labia 
an* a ttray* branch »r tho prlrU.ai 1 had. a«o«r4*« »6 
bahtar »f n/ U»Tnrnttent, 

I (Uilae* that I ooul* n« linger •xtan* t* thaa* 
onta/a tho honaurabl* trontmanl that I haA li)t*rida« f 
ana that mr onl/ taurita wait La nana* .th#,w b&ak La lliiii^t 
at tilt aarllast apj>artunl t/» 

In llDtUiaa I almll ba glaa ta raoeiTt tvn. Tawr 
Jlxaallanay an/ furthar «*inmuni oationi ;ph mi^ wlnh t* 
addrnsn t» me, 

Taur Kxaallsnoy'a littir t« Mia Irapurlal Uajaat/ 
Tin Kin tt af lin«lan* at*, iti, ha* barm h*na>4 tt aia, an* 

will bti *u]jr trtuimnlttadt, 

I 

AaJ\ <jJuj SjIpI jUto aL.V1 Jl. cjIjj^I <JL-j 



rro 



Turkish amamtion, I !) 1 ft HK:0 Ml 

I hmr* new lvaxnt th*t th* prlttnors wh* w*r* in 
Ttur J£x*oU.tJn*3r f » h*n<Lft have hoen »urr«u4«r«A »% H«4«iA«» 
I iaVo thift •pp*rt«nltx *f thanking Tour Ex«*ll*n«f i>* 
^hWB enabling «no *r bho t*r«* of th* anniatio*) alotatoA 
t* Turk*;? *>JT the Allied Poirtrrt, t* ho oajrrU* out, It 
OPJtnat but «roat* a good .iraproouion wl th th«*o) JLlll*o\ 
rerrorts, Bttt I muot remind Tour Kxo*llfn«Jr of onother *f 
the*© tontiB f pnd thr.t Id th* Burr«nA«r of all Turkish 
gorrlfloiio .In the Y«m»ru A cpooial Turkish nwvtj fro* 
Cinntantinnplo htm arrivort 1m Hortfiid* and la proaoftdLng 
to Zavin to noninU)nic:*tr b/ tolophon* with th* authoritioB 
in Uanci** 

I hope thnt (tlX difficult!** in Uii mattor of th* 
pr*oerlbod nurrendrr will now ho imnmeHntoly r«n«tnl r nn4 
th* waj- thuo pare* [or the oonni deration of nil finanalfc* 
and territorial tlnln* whioh Tour Kxe*ll*ncf mux wi*>i to 
t\*Ton**» Under th« ordor» of t*x 0*T«rnm«nt I hara nlw>/i 
RMuraA Tour Hlxoollonoj tflut fuujh conn id oration will ho 
«OAplctto and Junt* 

od, J.U f ntiwart, U*J er-0 ont r«JL t 
rolitloal lUtidtnt, Adott* 



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r HT * /u l\ o /_* \yta JjVl z\j* Y o ^jb 
Jl lill^J cjT^I iQp J^ ^Ui ^ : r ^]| ^ J JU; JU 

jlj tU UJI jj_JLJL Jj^s jt L^^S^ J* 5li ti-JULl ^ij>Jl JJs. Jj 
a- 5j4-l ^ J 4*^ ^ C 51 - JH-U I ^l^^rVl SL£l Jp ipli 0j-& 

■j^\j ^ Cs> u^ l*M W ry iSJl 

SXji.1 J Jj^ ^1 Ulk^i «L.j£». jU C<uUJ| c^^JU l>^Sj 

li* J d~~J ^1 LL^iJl £ 1^1 ^ju Vj i J,IS" r U sai L^Jb^ ^Ij 

UU U^l jl ca^*JI 4-^vail ^U^Jl ^ UL^- ^51 jUi^l ^ LJU 
^J diJi, t ( r Vl oJr) ^1 d^ ^L J ^1 IjjJ 5iU^ cv. p * 

11a p-,J_2i ^>L^ uil^Ij jUj 5;L, Oy^ ^ SJL-,JbL| jLSL- ilP J 



VYV 



-oU^T <LJ>I U^JaJ i^>-j j^p^wcJI iJU:,.ij t^Vl iJL 

alyl Jb4 o^~" 4-^ ^ tbJ^L-^ tiyJi JjUxj ^ ISi j :jliJI >Vl 

IJL* Jl« ^^jj t^j-^i l^Jlj^j U^j^Ij iij-*il L^JlJj 'Cr*^ ^^ 

DLL? <J-***i O' ^^ (V^L>- J^ pj-L>J tLot>L-j jjjJajj Ulj l^-i- *JLLiXjj tijJujdlj 

c^l ^> V - JU- ill Jp - ^JOall oJlA ijj ^j j. lil j lljliJI ^Vl 
La Jl-j Jjj L^JLp Jiljj i? j^JL! LJLk ^^ t ^-LL° J^r^'^ < ^J'^ l, ^ ,a OjS^ 



jUj Jj>-I j_* <J-*3l; LiU tOLJl Ijlj* i>^ L-^^i Cj^j : /hLt-^ j**^ 
^ SjL>^Jl jlj^i^Vj >>^b ^jJl ^y» ^^* J-^H dr* ^x*-* V^d^' c^\yii\ 

^j yhlU jLff-I :yr-Ul 
-ojjjb j^^JLwu jL>y» ;^>-bjl 

iSJbJli-l jU^ ^P iLJ 



VTA 



j^p 4)IjLp 



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In thti nnmn Of Inn lieroiful nnd Uftnnvolnnt 
Oo (\ . (Jo J ntUd in )lin Holy Boole. "Wont 
ourr)y ]1o who hno mnd« thu Koran 
binding on you will bring you 
bnak to the tlontlnn Hon . " 



Wt tho poople of Yodioii oontinuo to obunrva tho ?.'oh- 

airvnodan f3ii\riah nnti It! aaoordntion with our lihnrljih, oitr 

country uhoiiJil bo oaonpiod and rulnd by nn lolninio Govnrn- 

moot ■ 

In vlow of Uio preoont aondlLIonn, thin Oovornmnnt 

DliMuld bo oonviij-nnn t with /the nffulrn of Mm world mid 

Ofipnbln of mokliif; proper nr rrin^nineii t n n to . liolwnn Mia 

pnonlr of M 1 1 n part of tho country rind ol.hnr Corn iff n 

nnUiniu • Thoy tihould knep n nufflolont, Junl, mid ntronff 

n riny to prot^ot Ui a- country from both idilcn by 1 m\d and nnn« 

An rv nuiult of Mm fienor.-il.^nv, tho Iroomi of thff 

to 
fjrmit Hrltb.nh flovprnmn^t hnd A lnnO nt JlodoJduli. *Hmy hnvo 

bo tin nooupyliu* * t for n whoJ« yenr. -\ i'."a nrr not in pou- 

ntinlon oT tho d r» t n 1 1 r r) mnnnivti *vhJoh octunted th 1 u Inndln^ 

nnd Urn lUTfwwcnmenln nrrlvcd nt bolwuKii tho Powomi up tn 

now, lull v/a huvo lonrnt from Mm noww ftnltiorod from Mm 

Arab in K K yntinu Pupuro thnL a i.;cnnri\l imm tl hk b «i n boon ar- 

riuvinil bntwofin nil tho (]>nlnKr\t?n of Mm) Powo rn u t J'nrlo 

i to rally UMtlor lIia numr us Mm l^oiufue of Hntiono, In ordnr to din- 
in Co in ml t - 
,0 of Utx ~ onnn nnd umko iirVnuijonmnLn urnful to bo tli Uip Arnb rnoon 

!oim . 

nnd o t.h^ r o no to n » 

\V fl| tho Inhftbltnnto of Uodeldnh coriBlnUnn of Jnnrn - 

«d iron, fflyyjdt, mo ralmnt ■ . nnd noluMm, thnrcfotr ImnUn 

to nubnilt tli in proolnmntion tmd roi|uont Mint/ l.'n.jor l-'onk ( tho 

Vol i I. IiJul Of Moor nt llndoldnh, will pbmnn t rr.nmn] I il '•■> 

U,n l/-ri.(im of llationn. Wn br,: to nxprnnn our oplnloim 

wJMoh urn n«t. forth huinln bo low:- 



rr 



Imam Ynhyu, 1919 1921 IV') 

1. Mubjeir.t. Wo do not want any Oovoirimnnt othnr thnn our 

Ottoman (Jo vnrnmcint * 

2 ' " If the Vowera will not nuoodn to our prnynr, 

wo rerjuont that oua or tho nomboro of thn 
Wifidivfl *n rnrnily mny lm npnolnl.nd nn King ovrr 
uu ( li(?onupri hn in n fcmilom nnd nn Arnb . TUt c 
Government In tho punt occupied Yrmen nnd 
havn knowlfld^o of our tiJinri n>i and oihor ruloB. 
JJy itdoptJitg nuoh n courim tho w.-irnro a a *ol) 
an tho nmintanruioe of order in our country 
would ho pr«finrvod. lla ahoulU «top ovory 
nmbitioiio tint Ion from t rnnop rimnirr/; on our 
country tn nooo rdrinon with the antnbljtiheil 
and clvlli/.od ruin o nnd nnn to nur protr.ntion 
on ttltio th tho lmprovon:fmt or our cminLry, no 
it ift incumbont on ovrrry nilnr tr> do undnr 
the proarmt norirJlMmio. 

^ . .'iiih.Jnot. If, liowovor. t.\lc,nn rocpmntn nnmnl ho /jrnntnd 

whlah Ood forbl'd, wn wJli bo omr.po 11 ml * to 
nloot nn Arab i;in?{ undnr to mm appro vnd nnd 
confirmed by Mis Oro/it Pownrn, l.hroti';h tho 
r^diumnhJp oT thn Bront ISrJtinh do vo rnmcri t, 
who nhouJd nlno rial /in n rnfuidnte, hut v/n do 
not wnnt tiny o tit nr Komi^n Km t Jon. 

4 ' " Until wo o r« Informofl of Din r<-nult of thin 

proolmimUon, wo mo ro i 1 u 1 J y <n uv lor tho ntny 
of tho hri tlfthiilflpron now with tio for tho pur- 
pone of our prolaoLion both fr^m th? i nr „f rtnd 
,,,? 'h rtn (i for tho oontinunnan o( trmin n» it in 
now, nnd its\ i -/prm-ion nn tnv no poaciiblo. 



iWcihnnt m i , Ah mod VnJiir /-n k J m . 

'' ou. Abdul Kndnr bin Ahnmd /.ukirn 

Mtintolpui of floor of Jlo- nd . rJiorni. 

do J dnh . 

Worclmiit „,j t A ii Dnwood. 

," ^ , ' ' (,<l * Knrf.nn Sulomrui ibtriuiHl. 

On bnttalf of Jlodciduh 
mnrohnn t,n « 
tt 

it 
Cnr.i of llodnl dnh . . , 



nd . 


Tnhti r Yuni f i m.JmIi . 


rul . 


Omnr 'iiil^.an 1)1 ?,J nj i , 


nd . 


Torftnii ih\) hn. 


url . 


! ; n'3nh bin 1/oho.niod Hindi!. 


nd . 


Ah inn d Abdu ] In I'n rwal . 


hd « 


Yohift Abdul In. 


nd . 


Knnirn H*rhi rl . 


nd , 


Ahnird bin Vohnrnml All bin Abdu 


od « 


I 1 , fid or n.1 Alidn 


IIC . 


Abdul Kadnr bJn AJj Abdul Kn dor 




nl Ahdrtl 


nd , 


Ali Abdr> mmi d . 


Ad , 


Abdu ) la (Jiho i' . 


nd , 


Yoltl n JJiilniiiiin Awk 1 m . 


nd . 


Pohnniod Olio t d . 



rr\ 



K^Vl v*p) ^1 idL Jl 
.- so, ail - jlk.^51 ^L~J! - pJTU-l iik-,1* 

t jdp Jl 6^1 o^Ip Ji >jJ>\ ^ j-JlLy^Jl ^slxsai dipt dJlS" Uj 
(^rA-y J 5 ^' JL^j (*J^ t>« ur^»4? iUj^p ju^l cjI^J c^aSbJ ais 
fj^ jf <J~d.P>l ^lj* fj^ ^ ^J^J ^ tL^i Jp ^laSVlj sjbJbLl Jp 
U; ly ^i ^-~~ t^-L^aJl JJ-I Jj> ^ JU^ ^ ^ ^L^ ol^S 

.^-"^ tj G^* ^^-~-! ^4) ^-*J cSJ_jJjL| ^ *-ri-^" J 5 !"'-i -^J- 1 -^ J* 

tJ^L&f 4.>u.^. isjuaj-l J LJL*- ij-^-jil <^L~JI ^iU-l Jl ^ <\ ^ 

•OAP-^ LgJl -JL-jldJJaJLJ^ t^^l Lvap JljsA, i|^j tbJl^rjJj 

: JbJl _p*JI Jp j^UJl ,_^>_i Jp Sjili i<»JL~o iojSo- Jj^J 

OjiJ ij^vall i^^sLli tSL=»«iw. IJUh 5LS" lil j tA-Jj^l ^.jS^U :Vjl 
i^crf ^ui^Sj^ j** L*^- JU-tif Jp-olS'lilj t l !J JJail uf A 

** ** £ ** ^ ** 

e-jU^ol J^JOI Jp tAjjilj «LJjJLaJI Ot^AjiL; JjjC^o JjT C«_tlL> tjw^ jt 

Nj .jJUajjJl i.j&M ajLp^ dJUS 5^. SJUjil J*l JJ ^a ^UU IJLa 



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rry , 



.,.,.,,,* ,»nu.-»- XJiJU • . 

. ^ Hated 10th February 1920, 

Tho League of Hetiona, 

Purln, 
Through tho Uritioh Volition! Of floor, llodoldnh. 



Tho Jiritloh lorao oaaupiad llodoldnh aome 14 

manthn ago . V/o havo be on got ting KQ°d treatment from tho 

offioern during thn Xnal 4 roonthn . 

V.oot of thn Indian troopa havo to-day loft for 

Adon thus tho otrength protecting tho plnoo Unornaood- 

7/e foar leet tho trlboomon como and lay their hunda on Ho- 

doldah and oominenco looting. 

SIb nleo four tho doming of the Idriei force or 

that of tho Imam of oimua to Hoduidoh by diplomacy nn their 

forooo arc already on the bordore of )ia,| i 1 which io olaee 

to Jlodaiduh . 

V/q nubmittud u proclamation dated uoaumber 

1010 to tho Political OTfiour now ut liodaidnh oxprnonintf our 

ldorto therein. Tf I \. hun not roaohod tho Mntsua of 

Natiann, we roquoot that it may bo cent for from Aden. 

'We wurtt nn iBlamio Oovorninout which lo capable 

of nnforalnR tho ruloo vizi flrut our Ottoman Government 

but, If thin io impooulblo , tho Kgyptian Oovornmonl ohould 

be tho onn . If, howovor f both arc not oonnlblo, than nn 

Arab Jud^o (or King) who boaro full lot;ul and civil quali- 

floiil.ionn ohould bo appointed. Ill o clocitlon uhould bo 

r/uulo by tho llodoiduh pooplo and ho should bo under the 

Jirilinh Government ah guarUiun. 

Tho nvallablo llritiuh f o roc at lindnidnh nhould 

not bo dooraauod and tho Uritioh Of flour, Kujor I'.oek, 

ohould bo kept till u dfoUlon io pu.BUod on our appllcnt- 

1 one . 

A reply ie noli cl tod. 

/ (tiiynod) 

a 

rri 



Imam Yahya, 191 9-1 92 1 
-2- 



(Oigned) 



Abdul Kadir Zakira. 

All Yueuf al 3anuoi . 

Muloman Ba Ghafur . 

Ahmed Mohamed • 

Sujrod Ahmod Karwai * 

Obeid Nurah « 

Abdul Kader bin Ali Al Ahdal * 

Omer Suleman Mizja&i * 

Tahir Rajab . 

Rajoh Bft Hanhwain . 

Saroor Saleh Ea 3odan . 

Yohift Ali Araor .. 

Saleh Ohadli . 

Hamid al Kliadri . 

Ali Abdo Obeid. 

Bayed Awad Marwai . 

Abubaker Al Attao . 

Mohamad Sulenian al \\\wQnm . 

Mohamed Oaeed Dawood. 

Yehia Nuh . 

Mohamad Oaltih Ohawat. 

Mohamed All. 

Mohamed All Abdulla Humeri Amak 

All. 

Ahmod Tahir Zaklrah . 

Marfan lianumi . 

Akll Abdulla Ornor;^ 



rro 



^ tSJbJ^l8l^lL.JL^SjJa^JJa^0*ljUaj^!)t MA tO W 4OYY 

J^-L-Jl^JilUT. E.Scott f LJl Jb'UJ! ^J. \ Jl^>\ <U » ^~- Yo 
J[ JUL-rJ J^LJI JJ_P J <^L~Jl j^Jill tOjlj-^-1 CaU- lS^L? t«JJ-p 

Jijj tSJU JbU J| 5^>-Vl -OjLjJ J**-^- ^!jL-! c>J* J ^W>JI .,.JU.U 
4JL5*- (J *^>^H oj«S^>- AJti**^ A */jt7 SJjJl^-I oL-spl /wo aJ l„ ...^ 1 g,,*-o 

** ** ** ** 

A*$\ y JS" is^jU^o ^--^-.j i£JuH oJla *;LiJJ_ aJU«^w-I T. E. Scott JLSJjj 
7-* > YTA 4»J-I ^S ^ Y ^.jLu SJbJJ-1 oLp! ilL^, ul ^ .^.j^b 

OjLjJ.1 c-^jL-; £• oLp^I Mc^' ^-^ ^Oj-*- t>^l> f ^^ * (Jm^.mpT yi 
cjIJj^ jL^ljl '/T Ji Y ^SIjj ^sL^aJl J* A_;Syr ^ j_^j J^^ Jp 

cy r^j^ Jl ^J-aA» j 4 W^ ^j-* &y\* ^j- 5 ^ j 1 sJjJJ-1 J! ^ Ic^ 5 * 

Uij^jj LJlkj^j J^JL? OL^Vl SIp! JL-ii dlii *j»j t^Sfl iJr jl_^J IjUiil 

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Unjor-Oontirul T Jt.Hco 1 1, C.ll . , C.I .^., n.ll.O,, 
Political Hon! dint, Aden, 

nlo Kxcolloncy 

Tho K 5 (ilt Conirnl nnionnr, 
Rwnloh, Alexandria. 



Sir, 

Wi th .roToynnco to Lho norranpnndtMina otniJnu with 
your lot tor Ho~. 172M, d&tod tho 5 th April J9HO, 1 )uvo thu 
honour to forward, In original nl Lh 1 to EntElloh tnuioULlon, 
ft potltlon dntod 26 th AURtint 1920 uddronond to Major C t C,J, 
Vurrobt, 0.1. 15., FJrnt AUDlntnnL llnairiaiit, on hla runcuit 
Tlolt to Hotfaidn. by tho notnbloa of Jlodnldu. on tho ottb.Jcnt 
of tha future OoTornoient of tho town In tho 8tomI of tho 
ttI thdi*u.nnl of tho llrjtlnh Go Ynrnnion t . 1 ulna ntt.qch u oojiy 
of tho roply giTOn *y Major Jurrafcl to tho notrOiloo, 
2« Mojor flurrott Ruthorod from Nr .h.A.flUul o t Pall tl oti] 

Offlonv, Kodeidn, that tho drfirtinu of thin pn ti 1 1 on .nnnnod 
oonnldornhlo diffarpnco of opinion nmoiiR tho nottiblon, nnd 
tlint Lhny woro only won otot finally by Tnhlr Hnjab, a lend- 
ing inarchiint of llodoidn, Who ntilfod th a t a prnjfomm roqunnt 
bo mtulo lor tha ro turn of tha Turkn. Tuhlr Hnjn* oxplnlnod 
to tho unuamblod no Lnblon thnt nuch u. roi|imnt \iun not In 
tho lontit llkoly to obtain uacap ttinoo » 

Tha ni(|iionb for tui Krtyptlan KlriK momin a rnnl ly In- 
dnnondant ru). or from tho fiultatl of K{(ypt'tj fn>nily im'l do no 

not Imply any nubnorrienco to Knypt« 

i 
Tho mcrchuntn doniro a Kindlon nmbrnr.'l ntf thn v.lmlo of 

tho Turkluh MuUflarj flik of Hodoldu ntruUhlnu rrtiM A^u 

Arlnh in Idrtol tnrrllory In Lho north to Kit bond In tho 

noul.h and Inrludlnn Jabnl Itnjnin nnd Jultnl fluru ] n thn 

flunt 



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Records of Yemen 

-2- 
oaot. Thiu In ail impoaaible Idoal , LB it would bo uiiaocupt- 
afclo to both tho Imam and tho Idrici. & ? 

Tho moroWito are opj.oood to any imUgonoiiB Arab rulo 
V»o It that of im.un, Tdriol or * locally olectod CMof 4 

I hiiYo tho honour to bo t 

Bir t 
Your wont obedlont nor rant, 




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C. C . J, Barret, Major 

1st Assistant Resident, Aden. 



n 



" ' ■'ADJJN-HagiDKMCy, 



Oth April 1921 # 



Ida J^oellonoy the Imam* 



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ti'oopa liud ttdvunoud still fui-miir * „* * 

miinai into our Pro too to rut o 

«».l l*d oooupiud W*di To ffi ,J„ o „, rtJwulltl011 or „,. .^ 

or y „u, lotto, l0 ».. v,„t i „ vury Blwl t0 aco thtt ^ 
-«n «„ tK„ u a v .„ ou l!Rd „„„„ ^^ u your tiotloeiyour 
«oo llu „ ojr louu , d ordor . l0 utoii ±t ftiid uui iho ^^^^^ 

or „„, r.otuotor.to v HO 00mjnimnljd . Wo t)ui „ k yom . ; . soollui|nj 

" 1U! "" JJrlt '">' «°-r, lm o„t, t „a url> lluUt , rl<Ml 

in IM„ „*U W or U w ,u,u, y oo OU puli.„ or portion,, of our 

rrotootovuto thoro ur . 110 polntl , > t . il[r . raMa ^^ ^ 

<i0m '" M " t ° r y ° U '- *"H«noy una »„ m-Hi.O, ^v^.uoont. 

Wo „„«,., Your J]Btoliai€!noy UlHL tl]u )li . UJ(h ^^^^ 

»»nt ...Cco „o torrUcriH u« (;J -HmU U o,„ ullt i„ i,„ Yer , l(1(1 UIllI 
*' U oo„oi„to,,». y rarilaaa l0 ori|nt any uou)au|]ulloo to ouoh 
».lu B ,.ldad i n ,Uvi, M „ l lTll „ b0y0llll our Pj . oluol0rRlu ko 
'*" ">"' u « 1 <'« 1 to «« for «o«lut«,,o« Hc .i m ,t you,- ,*„„]] .„ y. 

V/« would |>„ (! , ua l0 u00 Ulu jU . ubu llMU(i(lj uu ^ 

ui-o n U ti„n„a i> ttl lt ln onljr ln UUii limn)|ur bU] bu 



ultiLlntid 



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Anglo- Yemeni negotiations for a treaty, 1921-1924 Q'$[ 

attained that poaoo *nd yood ordop which 1 noooni.ury for 
ull uaTunaomoiit. Tho Koran oay B ;_ Do not dioputo umoncut 
ycurnolyoo lout you would lo B o your power and bo fuinf* 
heartod. poaco und good orrior uro the opirit tf )i*p py Uf. 
una the proouroor of »dvanoomont «r,d flouriuhuent and «»«■• 
*ro not unknown to you, A nd if we uro ruquontcd by all 
yurtiaa we will bo s l.d to "offer our uorviooo in ^o^ 
any difficulty butwaon th* Arubu that may uriuo but it io 
tho policy of mo BrIUumia Hu JeD ty« OoyornMunt to avoid 
bo in s drawn into tl;o quurrolo of tho A r*W. rulort^bo wo 
do«ira uhould«*i* nottlo thoir^'af fairo 'for thtmaalvoo. 
Hin Majeoty'Q novorronunt can only offer friendly advioa to 
aU partioo ao it la thuir dunir« to bo on ijood termo with 
ull. 

Ao ro C urclo our Protectorate, I uuuuru Your j.pc C ol- 
lonr.y that wo untttrtHin no u^rounlvu dauifim, ii G uinU' your 
Oovarnmont. Y'u huvo no dcoire. to ultur tho uy£.lo* which 
6Xi„tod boforu tho war by v/lUcli thu tribco vcru allowed to 
unu C o their own uffuire wit lout ury Antorfuruncv from uu, 
but wo conuidar ournelvua bound to rundur nurl ntm.cu to 
tbouo tribao with wl-om wu huvo trestle, n B uuruntuein e tv*m 
pro tuotlon, 

V/o have nothing to (jKin from thoc« truaUut,, but I am uurc 
Your i-pcculiiunoy w)xj i B thu htmd of kn honourultlo family and 
Govormnout will undurutatid our nunUmuiilii that u.a an honour., 
ublo nation we muot ubido by our word 'to ull ovum though thoy 
bu wtfalcur than ourijelvuu. 

An Your J!PCcul]enoy»B l«ttur v/uti uUdruoood to mo I 
havo donu my-nolf tho honour to roply to it but I huvo no 
doubt Your JiXoollenoy would liko to addrouci any further 
oommunioation to tho xtoji now Itooident ut Adun, Ma-jor-Oonoral 
Mcott, v/>u hao takon t]ic placu or Kajor-Gonural ytuwart, 

ed« C,C,J,Darrott f Major 
lnt AoDiutunt nooidtnt, Adon. 



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Anglo-Yemeni negotiations for a treaty, 1921-1924 CA\ 




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T. E. Scott. C. B., C. I. E., D. So., pUI JSUJI :^ 

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Auf>lo Yntinii nritnttfihnn\ fot a firnty, f'tsf -/''.? 7 fi', 1 






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Hiu.Joi-,GoiiuruJ T. v). fU:'6t,F. , C.H., Cll.t.., f » . f ; . C' . r 

.... J/) *lfj '),/ 

1'oli llni.1. liuMtU-iif., 'Wh»fil/ 
To, 

1' 1 ii l/ujufily'n f'.t r ](• Itu y <■ l' I'-t^l.t; lor t ho <'c. Irnlcr , 

I,o rido )i , 

nir, 

I huvn L liu honour to invito u ruloii'icf to my 
lclu(;i-Hni Ho. C.O.iC of 1.3th Junu 1 ORJ ruj.oi I 1 iijj U*> prri^l 
in A<lun of Lbo iniBin'n uiulnniuy thu q.udhl Abet ul 1 u ul Aranhi. 

Thin emiuiii-.ry biour.ht tU tV. Vim t»*o It- 1 tarn Onu to 
ttiy luldratin mitl onu to thu uddrouii of Mwjor UritoM. my FIrnt 
Afuil ntutit , in rciply to u lottor llo.d.ElO which LUJ*>r purr u It. 
wroLo to him In ucco j-i'limau 'with t.lio cluoinjoii runcl' d ul t bL' 
(Julio Cotil'tironoo on Middle j;uut uffuirno 

Thu C^tlhi ul Arunhl, wl*> i [i I. lio iivme iniinihrj til 

by tho imum to AdiMi iti 1017 to iiti^o t J t- to u Uuuty, 1 ti no L fc. 
ji I uni jio lunLl ury 1ml, nlulon llu*t 1^* lmn pov.ur to ill ncunn 
iiiu.Lt.crtt vflth Lbo Allot) uuMxm-JU un y.ml to nuhini t (or tie 
up]irovul o I' Lhu Itnwiii uny propniuiln for p. tro-, Ly of nitoni 
ubip Imtr/cun Ilia two GovtirnnionLii,, l!o ul no mLuUh I hut he i a 
ompaworud to nl^;)i the trouLy uftdr upprovul by Uvj Imi/m. 

Tho Ihiojii'h IcLU'r In t7vil(i.;n in hi u uimul rrUii'U> 
r.tylo u.ml In co nni do rub! a wdvi/.Tiuo on prcvicnn conmniMi cu L i c nn 
jofioivtd from lilm In tint ho hoy/ nlowii t-n ] re li net ion Lo 
i-o uplift Lbo A«kin l'jo tin; to rtttu un In til own in tie \;tndi-„ 

"Hu^ui'if i i)|< Lho ui: wlto nva en LI LI ml t.o Lhu prolccLinn 
of t ho Ovuut Uritinh (fo vornmuitL from or eJd, pluutin umk-i. 
nt unci L)iuL if (io'vtii'iit.ion L will not itnooitriii'u I.N.nt Lo ba 
inlinic-lly und hontiloly (Unpum-d towwriln un , Lboy will 
n>»t from mi ul ul J L 1 r.iu n notbinf; but rn-.ipuci jml ulTuction 

u nd 



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and thoy t;111 ftlno rooulvo bunufltn from iib." / j£ 

Although Dwt inmnt «}tovfo ft)) inolinullon to meat un 
in U*) Adun Pro ttic toruio , VI n lutLur nhov/n do nbuLtiinunl In 
bin )o utility to Una idrliti to wlora ho otuton r/o lmv* butn 
nodding "uboIodo exporU H l.n, amin P.ncl unu.nmlt.lon. 

Tlio q*«lM in convernu tie n obowod unuftmprcnii isi nu 
lw utility to lha Idrliii wbioh in not bornu out by Uki copy 
of u letter from U» lmnn\ to Uio Idrlui, uml Lho 1 c\ r i f 1 1 • n 
reply tliorato, roculrud from CupUln J-uzluddi n , vlilcli I 
o.nalouo for your 1 nfommtlon. Tbctui JotU'ru, if (jomiitio, 
nJ~*ir tb-ut t l*o intum 1 [j not un aver no to renting to u. comj1roi.1I i<t 
\ti.\.}\ V.lo rivwl, un lw protundt; to bo utid In ntlll junlj Lo 
pull tb-o rulif.ioun t;U'lMi; p^u j mil, uii. 

Thu Jniuj^i ttjipourn to c.onnlilur IbuL J.-'ujnr (Jcnurul filr 
Juinuii r.ti.-v/urt,, t)io lute HcnJdmit, vkii k<:tiiuU.d by I'tru J J n^r; 
of bo till Illy to lilrn, vboruun it. v/uh of coin r.c 1, bo Imnn'ri ov/n 
utLltudu of Requiring ovury tblty, iml KJvii'j', ir(.1bin ( j ll'bt 
i-Niiduz-uU It no diri'luult La i! nL ur Into JTKndJy ruluHonu 
wltli blm. 

Thu Aiiiir Fklnitl vjirltud Ad mi on IM.h Junr- md 
iin.jtirdud mm inturvlaw to 1 bo Qadbl ul Arunbi uml t b.n rou ft or 
wroLo u frltJiully laltor U tbo iniuu mul u) no u loiter Lo 
Mulinud lliulhlm ]joy , ax-v/w.ll, udvlriJntf bitn In ] tH VJ t bo Veinon,, 
I unci ooo, for your i 11 ( o run* Li on , kn^l I nJi ti uini) t.t lonn cf 
t-bono lnt tor 11 mudn 1 ti my officii. 

C!onvoriifr.tlonn with tbo Qttdhi ul Armtlil u.rr: pior.'otdlrif. 
wild I l«po 1.o mafco you v. furl.bor coniniunl out j 11 en lhli> tmb- 
Jnct by tho ndxt. mull, in tbo mo mil i 1110 1 iiiiiiIojki, for your 
int'c nnulion, Kn^llnb trunnl. ul.t otui t-ml copiNi of t.hrj folic*, 
liif; J ul, tor ii; 

1* JUjor Purrntl. « n CiUU Lo l\\n Idipid 

2# Tlio lniuuifcluU.«Ji* to puj kiid bin rnply lo Mujor JUrrott 

V, I,ott«r from tbo linum l.o Iho Idrlnl uttd tbo Idrlni'ri 
raply . 

4, 1,0 I Lorn fi Om tW* Am I r rujiit) t.n lb<r Imtnii t,nd f.:nlinud 

Hftdhlit 



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Anglo- Yemeni negotiations fat a drnty, I !)2 1 -- I 92 7 



3. 



llu-dhira JJoy. 



&• The QaclkL ul ArunM'n ox pluiiwli on of dPtiliti'ul polntn 

In the lmujn 1 & letter unci my remurkjri il:(:veon q 



I hnvrt the }x>nour to bo f 

Gir, 
Your moot obodiimt unrvunt, 

-> Mu.,|or-. (Jo mi ru.1 , 
PnJJ. ti cinl. llonitlunl, A*lnji 




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j^j Ic 5 * 5-djW* i-H- J Major Spiers c 0) jj^- j_>Jj 4_)L LjLk^Jl 

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y piJlj jj_.SH !_; J J^jJi jf ^ J? _Ui\ ^j t ftM ^ iJUS ^_ ^ 

<o r lS l_o o^^il ^-1 Jp SLp! t( .Ul I J ^1 JJU ^J| ^^j 

( 1 ) Records of Yemen, Vol. 6. P. 698 

^* *l_w> JI j^U J^j ajIj ^j_5I \ Y J t Major spiers J^»j <ul <J, 

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v^^ : ./i,a7 cJLSj tVl tjjul-. c^l* 1 Y * Y / \ ijlsCjJl ^ V^ 1 4A° tr * 
cjI^jU>JlI JL>^^I^pIj l^I^UtJI JW-jj ^ jjUaj^T^-H cUaJLJl 4jL^p- r-^py* Ai^Jl 

Sixth News Letter 

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.Bayer, Turk inkilabi tarihi, Ankara, 1983, Vol. 3. pp. 742-746. <. J^\ ( "\ ) 

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To 



OovnriiDi r.t-n Cci.>i.:nuiur cl U.e 
Ti.rhlu), Rrteu in Ai, lr 

Your Kxufsllenc^, 

1 una e i"ii L iiini thai, ulroctiy int JmiL Ion 
him boon oant tc yoi. by i.h^ Honior HmvuJ Officer nt OKI J'- AW 
of tl.o Arit.iotlca w^ii;). l'V.(;;J tmti ui.u j'.or Aj.llnu hrivo grunted 
to the Turhioli Govcrniin.MiL , 

I now tuMiU you cO]i(![i of the full turrriB 
of LJslo AriiiiuL ice r uu vrci.l 11 u Le3 iipnuiin in (jlonr mm iti 
cipher '.vhioh l.uvc buur. rdcfiJvoo by i;.o frorn Hie Turkluh 
Giivurnii.tirit fur trunuii.lm. ion to Tnrkiuh CoTU«ar.uuru , 

You will uuo thut Cluuua 16 of tho Arn.iuttgu 
involvou tho uurrcuuer of I- 1 . 1 * Turkinh ^arriuono In the 
liJ^LJAZ, AG1K ana YJLhhi!., ;*»im lu Li< be Lul.cn lu int.'iuulne 
tho Civil Auii'iiti oLrat ioiu> o( li.cjUl' 1 rev inctiu , 

In uocorUi.r.cii with tl.lu, I would uuk Volt 
Kxculloncy to ooiuMniicii to uu uoon uu j.oouiblo with tho 
Donlor Kavul Off iuor at CKI/iAH lnforn.int; hti; of tho iioot 
convonJont centre at vykIoI, tho nurrondor of the Lrooj n (1r.1i 
thor 'Turkloh Offioiulu midijr your cmui-md citn Luko ilticc 
touofchor with othur ncuouiuiry aetuili'i. 

Whon all tirrnngciiicntD for the uurron^or of 
tha Turkioh For coo aru aoiiijluto thoy will bo convuyecl in 
Hrltiuh uhijo to ouch 1 lucoij no n.ny bu ordurod by tl.c 
llr itluli Ouvurnii.oitt lrlor tc rcitttr lut Ion to Lhoir own 
country , 

I tin. iiuro Y{.ur Kxch 1 J uimy will rdcopiloi) r. ).o 
nacouiilty of* vary curly action to envry* out tlio Torino of 
tho Ariuio t i 00 , 

I uuk Yuur hxcollency lu rccciivo tho 
(muuniuoo of n.v hif.h cuno luorut ion . 

\ C\ /(. '/f ^ (1 ^ lT, ^> Ctt'wnrt, fchjor (linuunl , 

A /■';,■.*' . CoHJiflmlJnK Ailon J'lnld Force, 



Turkish evacuation, 1918- VJ20 




EGYPT. 

MUiITA_HY 

Docyphcr Xrorn DIr H. Winpato (Cairo) Hovomhcr ,'!H Uu 

D, 9 p. m, 

lu l t oo a- m, Novnmbor :50th # 
No. 1703* 

oQOt-MM-.* 

Your tologrnm 1410 Movombor S2ncU 

Imam hat* boon urfiod to oxpodito evacuation oX Turko 
mid romlndod that Xuturo benefits will dopond on hlu 
preoont courno^or action- Landing oX Hritinh dotnchmont 
at llodoiduh nhould XacllUatn comnunicntlonii with him 
and dlopooo him to cqnpllnnca. It must bo romombornd 
that during thd paat low yonro ho hao placod lncrnanod 
rollQ^co on (? Turkish) uupport of hit; authority ovor hin 
contumuciouo tribontrmn and in probably in no ml oX fundn. 

I am rsnndlnf:; Colanol /Jacob to Adon to dirjcums with 
^/(jHJidont and to try and arran^o mooting with Iinnm, 



(TO, ll 4 4 - 12.) 

*YV 



Records of Yemen 



(M.I. 2) 



, 2ft2iW,£U 



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iDgG IOJ318 






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/a*- Doconibor 19 1U . 



Tho Mrootor of Military In bolli B onoo proaonto hi a 
oomplJmonto to tho Undor Sooratary or Sifcuto for jPoroJgn 
Affairo and v/1 th roforonco to tho attnohod copy of a 
tolotfram from t;ho Gonoral Ofl'loor Commanding, Ad on, 
hogo to ourctfoafc that thoro nooma roaaon to minpoot an 
ulliojioo botvvoon Imu/n Yohiu and tho Arab olomont in tlio 
Turkluh Admin lo tr at Ion of that country. 

Tlio Vail, Mahmoud. iladim, io a Kyrluu of National! at 
proollvltioo, and inmiy of tlio atnff offJcoru with tho 
Turkinh foraon aro'bollovod to bo Nationalist Arnbn, 
thoir ohiof bolii G r,nyld Taha, vvlio In a brotlior of Ynnln 
I'tinlm, now in oommond at ])fiinnnoun . 

Major Gonoral IV. Thwal. ton would ouf^ n;3 t that, ao 
tho Arab offJoorn in Y onion aro out off from aocurato 
ltnowlnd^o r fihorif l-'olnnl'u movomont and may at; .ill 
look on tho J3rU.inJi an thoir onomy, tho mat Lor mJ^hL 



)o 



£YA 



Turkish evacuation, 1918-1920 

bo brought to the notioo of Hia Majouty'fi Mitfh 
Gommiuuionor in JS^yp i; • Tho la CO or mi^hl; than 
arrange with the Goner al Officer Commanding 
Kgyptiun lCxpodJ tlonary l''oroo "to obtain a lottor 
from Yuoin Puaha in i)ainanouo to hie brother Jn 
Yomon, for donpatoh through tho Gonorul Of floor 
Commanding at Aden. By thin nioann it in ponniblo 
that wo uhould bp able to bring indirect inf. In ones o 
to boar on the Imam and than ohviato any potmibll J ty 
of an at i; om}) t by Lho Imam to occupy Lalioj or to oppono 
tho ourronrlnr of 'furkinh ftarrieonu in t;ho hlntorlnnd. 

Major Gonorul TlwaJ too' would , therefore, bo 
Glad if Lord Uurd.ingo of Ponnhuro I; would inform Sir 
It. Winguto accordingly nhould ho concur In tho abovo . 



i Y<\ 



Relations between the British and the Imam, 1917-1918 



273 



No. C - 325 



Aden Residency: 
20ch March 1918 



To His Excellency 

The Imam of Sana , 



Salutation. 

This ts to inform Your Excellency that 1 have received your 
message sent through the medium of your emissary, Nakib Abdul Wahid 
bin Ahmed El Khaulani . 

Since its receipt it has been my fortune to have an opportunity of 
discussing the whole situation personally with His Excellency Sir 
Reginald Wingate, His Majesty's High Commissioner in Egypt. With 
this letter I am forwarding you a personal letter from Sir Reginald 
Wingate which I trust will make clear to you our friendly 
Intentions and will be pleasing to 



you 



As a result of the discussion I 
definite proposals on certain points 



am 



now in a position to make more 



If Your Excellency ts prepared definitely to engage to turn the 
Turks out of Yemen I am to inform you that the British Government is 
prepared on its part to make the following promises to Your Excellency 



<i) 



(2) 



To ensure Your Excellency's independence In the 
they have already promised the Idriss that they 
ensure hi'-s 



Yemen as 
would 



To furnish Your Excellency with the necessary paraphernalia 
of war against the Turks. 



(3) To leave to Your Excellency the disposal of Turkish prisoners 
ot war in accordance with your wishes. 



<M 



lo finance Your Excellency and your tribesmen on the pre-wa 
Turkish scale. The amount for the tribesmen would be paid 
through Your Excellency and not direct. 



(5} To open to trade a non-ldrlssi port such as ChuleifLKa, or 

such other place as may be free from interference by the Turks 
as soon as Your Excellency is committed to a definite course 
of action against the Turks. 

I am to point out that the treaties we already have with different 
Sultans and Sheikhs must be kept outside all discussion. 

With regard to the Idrisi Your Excellency is aware chat we have 
a treaty engagement with him. I am to emphasise the fact that 
we have every Intention of upholding the terms of that treaty and 
would not countenance any aggressive action against the Idrisi on 
Your Excellency's part. 



IT 



In order that there may be no misunderstanding between us as 
to the posilion we take in connection wiLh the Idrisi I will now 
inform Your Excellency of the terms of our treaty with him. The 
object of our treaty is two-fold, i.e. war against the Turks and 
the consolidation of friendship between the British Government and 
the Idrisi. The conditions of the treaty are that the Idrisi shall 
conduct warlike operations against the Turks only and that he shall 
abstain from hostile action against Your Excellency so long as 
Your Excellency does not join hands with the Turks, In return the 
British Government have undertaken to safeguard the Idrisi 1 s seaboard 
from any enemy who may molest him; they have guaranteed his indepen- 
dence in his own domain; and have agreed at the termination of the 
war, by every diplomatic means possible, to adjudicate between the 
claims of the Idrisi and Your Excellency or any other rival. It was 
further emphasised that the British Government had no desire to 
enlarge its borders on Arabian soil but desired to see the Arabs 
living peacefully together and in friendship with the British 
Government. It was further agreed to maintain trade with Idrisi 
ports as heretofore. 

These terms, Your Excellency, formed the basis of our treaty with 
the Idrisi, and I trust this explanation will satisfy you that while 
making the treaty we had Your Excellency's welfare in view. 

In conclusion I would ask Your Excellency to give the matter 
early and careful consideration. I trust that the declarations now 
made will remove from Your Excellency's mind any doubt you may have 
entertained as to our bona fides. And I hope I may now receive an 
early and favourable reply to my letter. 



Greetings . 



(Sd.) J.M. Stewart, Ma jor-General 
Political Resident, Aden. 






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3G4- lipoids of Yemen 

Copy oT 1'olecrmn. 



Prom * g r O*C. Aden* 

To'Wnr.Orrioq..nai.onl;«nl C.a.n.Imli.. nnrt Onnuria Hli. fi „l ; ,., CnAro. 

i 

■2200 c/0 November 30th. ISO..!! .!!«. 

Further communication rrom. Said Pnoha hna roncli«d me. 
1. The Corpo Commander baa categorically forbidden him Co tnko 
ony •indopondent action pendinc tho receipt of an nnnv,or to 
■■tolocl-am,- manbiouod in my fcolocram 2169 G/O dated November J 7th . 
Ho roitoratoo the otatomonb that |;ho Imam Imo forbidden tho 
ourrondor of a ainclo .Turkioli aoldlor and brio aloo reduced Oald 
Pnaha'o command put tine Shoikb Said and other nlaccn under bin 
own oi'dcra. 

2„ Gaid-Prt/Jba abivbeo * that ho personally ban raooived a belof'ram 
from J;bo .Imam ursine him to continue l;he war and proinininc ho] L , 
in, food, money and reinf orcetoontn* 

3. I have informed Said Paabn blink"! oonoidor bin duty to bio 
country 'demanda findnpondGiil; action on bib part and have aaaurod 
him that, aucli^ action will bo oupporbod by bhn Jlritioh (Invorn- 
menfc if naceanary. 

*A* I have writ bun a[<;ain to Imam pointing out thai; future friendly 
■rclabiono dopnnd on bin anaiabinc in evacuation of Turkioli 
;carrioonn • 

!'■'■ 

j5. I bdvc libtlo doubt that the Wall and probably al.no tho Corpn 
'iCommandor nro iutri^uin^ with tho Imam, to evade tho terma "T 
j-bho armiatioc/JMicy )i;\vo inuuod proolumabiona denying tho truth 
.'of tho term.*) publiohod by nun 

^(J; I con older l;bo inane of ordnni by tho Turk! oh Oov eminent to 
lQII Turjjiah do taohmon to to our render in depend on tl.y of the or dor a 
{\of ' the Corpn Commander , vide my telegram 219G c/f! November 2(3 l;b 
Kwould l)c tho boat moann of brin^in^ thorn to rnaaon, 

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64 tUcoitii of Yemen 

ri'iUot Ve t« cart p„ Led | h fi i mWoa 1330. 

the oowpntii »nate 
and-niMMUful. ! nth June 10rUi 

Frew, 

Amir llilual V-ii* Al Hun en. 
T°r 

I»ow Yohlh bin llnwltU ud In, 
3 warn T Yemen, 
A.C. 

V* * ro _ . h «n*in^ thin ^..".''.^r^ . X* u ,.\\\. •*'*!:**. ^ m !- H 

nmy oenfl tin u wetinii f»r nrftiit|.h«nlHf friendly tit* , vheit In* 
^eiievBlenott (,• kinnftlk an* ..rntnbl JnhJnj bim lo for reciprocal 
benoritn, Tjhioli should Ve firmly maliiliiJnod oyylnt I." (.hoir 
lunrint keen In exlo (.enae n inoft «l<fin t *»"««. Wc f*Huno.(,oly 
hnd nn ttudfenoo yU (,h y «ur (ml n nary which «no D|1 o tf (,hn bent 
• I'l'orUmHIen va o«ul«t ti&Ho, In ■•r*cn- t* miiiure your JCx.»di,t 
inxooXloMcy of UioaxlpUnao * r Vr«|Ji«)-]y rMn (.1 onoMr brtwoon 
your Kxcellnnoy mid llin Wt.Jt«u- tur fwfcher, We nro e lnd |, • 
l,oll you Unit our fnthfli- mi (>]»• litti frilly »ic»be>i-f; nrc In n 
ooixfortu^le nnd proopM-ftun condition ,«W t.hnt )m ( na ciIim 
|,)i^fi nUftohod to tti.i, nr c citjoyitu (,|, c rtonlred oound ii|,h« 

of hcnl |,h, 

' ■ , . . , -i ■ . . . , 

,,... l . ,c ..! n /H J' rtSM0 'H rn f .n e od Jn Improving [M t'tnt* of 
Mn , ^Mjnbry no nlii* tlni t »>r Mit rmbjnotn tin* l n mtiHnf full 
"rrniucmcni," Tor 1,1**5 oumrort tf |,h vlhHurn nomlnt for 
pllffrlitm«c |,o thft h*ly plnne of (jod, 'j'hr number or |,hn 
pllt-rlwo who have iilrendy nirivcd up|,u |,he dntc-of «ur 
tlejixirturo wmnenrly 70,000 men. We nro full of hope thnt 
thlo humW will be doublnd nn<l n.nlJnuo 1. 1 t, A multiplied, 
"n iu^xpodtlin- tb« tirrlvHl or H! t il«i, fi-o« ,tn , 1(U - ti „ of 
Yemen, 1 U ordor Umt ho inny be plcnotd nl|.1i u«nli U - the* there 
bconuuo ho linn no tbjftot •[M*v limn |, n tinrvo the Inln.i, In 
tcnornl mid ihc Ai-nbn in p n r| ( iou1 i.r . We liti ve no doubt (.hut 
Uiln I" o nfl ,,f i,li„ b fl , M> h l,„n of y., M - ffixoftJlonny. Wo hrmm.n 

n *o t 1 r^o (r d 

(i£-l*rtl j^Jl) jiJl ^ J^ ^ ^ r U)f| J| j^J.1 ^ J^j ^S/| ;UU; 



A ngb- Yemeni negotiation* for a treaty, 1921 -J 924 6<\9 

•• 2. 

o^ntinoe* *f thi* fr« the letters exohnnred between y mi on* 
-! ll . a . .!!° nlw .? . rr * ia . ^ 1,e information fathered fro» your lir*thor 
S h * rl O ftD . lr ,U?« B . h » r V f . ,n ?H^. ?** .„«ilt _t« . t,V° 1 "l njM none time 

a A*).. T ! h, .2^ ( ! ?. 3 !* jl .. 1 ?* d ...fc*?. e h ! n *.H r .^. B ."l n£ " Y ? ur Excellency t 
We )in7e >e en oild continue t* be to ry uuoh en for t° hn>e the 
honour tf pors orally eo« iJn if y «u, He therefore pray the *Ai«i»k 
Almiehty God will decree our eeoins enoh other either sooner 
•r Inter. 

Had nH our father selected no to A o m A eotublioh 
an ArnV Rove rodent in Ufi/U opotnmia , we would hnyc d*ne our 
ut«»oot to utJKln U'8 o^Jeot •f eeelnc y«»r Excellency, Vut t^o 
i»poi'tnnt_ affair with whloh he en t run tod un nnd which your 
Kxoellftncy vill fi free no f i >b .imporlimao , irtio the only oauoc 
which prexeiitcd un frojn doJnf no. Y/n nrt nav prooeedlnt t" 
tlitLt province in order t» perf#iW the duty inouufcnrit »P<>n uo 
fco eotablloU mi independent Aru> R»TcmuerH wi[,h U"« object 
of eervin&- our country people. V/e yroy Cool t« ft'nuifc uo Tull 
naointwioft nnd *rJrif our attempt t° n Duccn.nuful co.ioluu I o n . 

We feel Inclined t° f;dd In LUln lett°*' < L few wordu 
for rtinoiiitrnnoo oake , e Ten (.liouc-li you are not In need or tl»e« 
\jut_the Crontir Mny Ho T»e ,,1 orl Tied nold " flow In d the.ni f,r 
uuroJy t-he remuinder prorltu ^olJo tcio. " 

rienne notes, oh lirothor - mny Co A profit you, that, 
whatever the ociiucriucnaou of the toncrul imr were, the AraV 
country hnn fceoomo independent in itsolf (u\A fn.r from the 
litwid ( OflYiiriiwont) whioh who reUniilfit, txo L reoult of which 
all reoponniMlitlau whether inatcriul.br oth|:rwluo, became 
a Gulden o,i the uhauldero or it" country po°ple. If they 
iiiiuinto it v/oll, U in fay (.heir own £oo<| but IT [,hey not 
othorwino they v^ 111 )„ lV fl \,o milfcv, Helni con vi* ruling wl |,h 
tho iiM'Ortnnt ]»onltl*il you hold tm d t,he influenno y tu pont.nru, 
in the Arnl» oonn(,ry in lvhioh you live - umy C<kI protect It 
ond your i'uodncl f - ulirro your wordii sieot no d in rn 4 nr.l ( wo 
nliiill be hnppy to n«r it 111 n powerful nnd r-n j>ro t,ml n (,.!(,« 
undor'yo-.ir r« I tn nnd nntlmrl |,y , fi^n rre« nv^-y l llflllrn ^ 



iVA 



fi!>0 Records af Yemen 

3. 
cf ".'* m Y. froe ^°™ W^ Independence pjitf n, l rh hJi nxcellfnl; 
friendly religion wUli the uurron n dlnj Am* t,rnotu {apparently 
the Idrlol tu)d o^iero) ae nlo* with tliouo o^ior nn t I odd / { the 
Urltlnh) wl{,h vrhoii you are in c*nL&ot, \,hua . Itneplnc i,lte dooro 
or your country open for trade nnd other Intero»uruc, ,' 

W* cnntiH l)dt exprnon our plonouro t*n hmrinr Heard 
from your cmi unary of your pence Tul and friendly dUipooitl<M 
nn nlao of y our w In h t • fill* n wny for a ^otb*r undom t"nrf inx 
Tfttb llio^JUritlnh _n«Y«rn*enbt Tour llxculle-nay la not untuvaro 
of t,ho irren(, "konoflte nhioh would *e dorlieA oherofrom for 
all t)« Arabs ._ _H -wn<i our intent 1 »n t» ony nomotMi]ff about 
Uio prcocut pori^ical Q Uua(,i an ( ^u( ( (^Jie U»n In no narrow 
**'" 1 ^ T ro . o0ll . ld not do t, Wfl, Imwnvfti', deem i (, nufflelent t» 
toll you j.linf, nfler Lho cxpuln 1 .o\\ of (.he 'pirlut, fr»w our ArnV 
countrico, their _ own (ArnV) CovnynwrnLn Iwnn ben nWt, [,o 
on |,nM lull iJioimol Yon t 1 "^""^! timl wn nre n •* ffolnc for [,h« 
liurpooo of co tnlil lulling u Covoniwfn|, i\\ Heoil 0|iot««iin , 

Ao reciirdu tli* Oitwmrin , wo would nay no(,)i) n £ 
tfilw«. tb.^. if.-j.t- 
t" 4n Inn t [.heiii [>hn{i (Jioy trloa* t » "people who hti ve punned 

awny'i. ".j.Hoy oimii Juno wlmb they Imio earn oil mill you nlmll 

linvo Yilmtyoii enr !l"' (Koran Lo Titrtieu). >\h*y n re u*vv In |.heir 

M" 11 ^'.. t ! oin *... , ' h '? 1 , 1 ' .«t.t"*«(, t° ImproTfi (,1m o n dttl°ii of the 

rortulnliu portion of their country, 'jhey-lmve mo power [, o 

look After thutie onto 1 do tlicir own . Wo tlicrorore hope, ..(.ha t , 

l,hc Am Do v/ill now look {,* Lliolr own liiteron(,n ( dovo(,n their 

'Hier«M,o I mj* rove the ir nf fulrn , ooc t° the pro^reoD »f t.hclr 

'tuuntry tijid UntU to,,c|,her nn well, 'j'hey nhould nlno do (,helr 

bcu|, to ii!iii|i(,uln frirn(l)y rclnf.l o n iiiap wi |,h one nno(>r nn 

filn o wl ( h li t>io ilol thbourlnjt nn(.loiin ( nppni cnt.ly (.ho Mrl(.t.ih 

f!'>Yf:rii"iunt) t 

Ikro wo nre 4lud (,*> Jnforai you i)u\[, trin Miijrsn ty our 

fnthrtr, Iniit mnAf, up li 1 o Ail n d [,o nnnd u dfl)Mi|,n [,1 *>,i t o your 

ItxcelLimcy t «> ftxpreon III n nympn tlmt 1 o f«oll(i 4| wf(,lij f lie hope 

of fludhu a woy for iiB|,|,JJnj | f ho nxln|Jn X dl f fnrnipcn 

Hn| ' w<lni1 > VOU ,, " ,i l' h " »<l«l"l Giiyrd. rhflrn i „ ,,n a«,.bt |.lm|, 

l.l"Mi« (liKMUilirvnunte.) tilll d 1,.,, ,.pnn r u t . i ... , , 



ir<\ 



Anglo-Yemeni negotiations for a treaty, 1921-1924 

4. 

oincorc Ooalini with one another owing t° their fcoins the 
outcome of ao.uc uiioundero banding. 

In oc\nGluuion ^.Pr^t^?. ^'S'H Mul^ty God may 
][c be exulted t° . ,P ro t°ot ..*nd uupport you no alo o make you 
an uoylum for the Iolamia end Ara* lfati©uo to reoovi, t°. 

^° , n f e . r ? a( *.Y ^° nc ^ u I lon y°ur hint In overy bLmc. 
Utxy Cod cauao us t° do thin^o ooaduolvo (,o general food and 
apado >ofch of ( UO to the proper pufch for Jlo lo tho o n o who 
hears tho proyor«^7 



il 



G54 Rfcmds af Yemen 

Pa I, tut U(Ji Mlmr/iil l^;iw, 
"'[,li -Juno 1P;M . 



Vroai, 



T° 



Amir l''nlonl bJn Al lhin«;i 



Mtihnitiri U n dim Hey 



We arc flooding J' " (.liin lot,|,ir nf|,«v »ur «i i J vit 1 
la Ad en on our way t, • lloi^ op t^Muilri , V/o )in ro by (ootl lvinV. 
found Kuril Abdul la Al Arnuhl - (.hi iimJririary of our b i n (, hr r 
Mil) Wxcollenoy Uio I*mm ., may (;od pro^M, '-''id * ■ ** 1 i» lihi In 
HinL(/t>ro of jonoral wo.lftiVfi I, o t.ltfl public - mm |,h* boni, 
modiuiii {,hrouch whom y/fl oould dnnpa|,oh l r > 1 1 rt I n (, |,n , 

On ni!ff liit y our leUM 1 wi|,h A"i"fi|l Kfrnrii - fiujin r In - 
tondnnt, of l)io Itoiiouj-nVlo Mm r cm (lloly Vlnr:n) n (, {,hr (.lui* of 
y°vu< i1epnr(,uro fi'Oin finjirm t. o 'j^hauin , Y/r bnmntr nrr(,alu of 
your bailiff Ju n pro.'i|inroun n n,iil I |, t •/) . liMn$ nwnrr of yuir 
Jcgcii |lo"ii'fl t» I" ^n to (,hrt fioni-rnl Jnl.nrfifi |,n , wr Info mi yon 
[.lmi, at n yr ff ,rtJ, )A i,o J.if.|^o|ioi.nnilM an IMm Ma,|ra(,y oin fPl.hnj- 
nh'lnri.rd (in fvr (,l a | r |>n r |, o n uri'iinnl, o [ |,lir l M „ 1 1, (,,.,, t:n „( 
|,hfi Mrniiinpn(, m niiin'i |. u rn |,a li 1 I ,. ), nil A J a b i;u vn n|iiu'i| (,' and t. • 
(,M('i clnrfli or |,)ic ntlrnnliJp |Jim^ \»r ntiiin r mi i \iiQ|.hrr 
Abdul U linn alrrrdy (.ntirn ahaid* of [.|, n Syrian nHnlin, \\> 
pniy rod (,n f ,rn n |. im nunconn |, n <'o |,l,|, U a nnn.lurln (. n : «,„| . 

Wo •nor our npftnl,,] [.|i, Ul ] (M |,o you j », vn , ir „,,,,, {( 
«arftHcl.l»o n frlriidly_rrtlMi.li.nii ln-|. n ™,, in» iU«rHr„„y (i |„ t *n* 
I..UI.H nnd Ida linjnnly *,.,- rn|,hM- » nmy (Jod p,„..M-vn W .|,h nf 
Uioiii. We ..in Uliftwjnn ,;hr,rl«|,l ru H |„ M , n ,„, , ,,„ ,„„,„,„ ( , ^ 
«T Jfoud Rlnllom bel.wnrn him rm - t -.1 all n t .h, r |ln|.lMn I. o 
'■nab If) lil M [,o m.i luf.riiii liln p mi 1 lf | .,.,, 

VI* ha i- no|,| fil1 «l m , lin-.llnfit.ln,, on (,hr n , |, of Ul , 
InlUnh l.o r.on.lurtc an lio,,o„r,M, ,:nr.pnr|. „M H, v , „ , j ,,,,„,, 
l-rr:K. i"tr for VjL'i r.Urn l.hc 1 i imI^uiM 1 ., | r , r „ llt Mnrt 
Mit,al.l lull tain) ft for ,,,.,,,.,. | n i|,,. IIP |„i i pi , >f n 

(c^^UJVi ^i) r x ,_^^ j| j^ ^, y^ 



Anglo-Yemeni negotiations for a treaty, 1 92] - 1 924 65!) 

2. 
V/o hayc confirtonoo that *y ^YO(,inj your cnpnbili t,i co 
and far reaching olfcht ill t^c cutter, there is a hops of 
attaining thio object which will haro brilliant a n<3 nuooeoa ful 
aonoequ.onccs . You arc not unaware that Lhnre lo n * other 
ultcrnatiTCfor tlic AraVo "but t* roly *n the: illuotrlovm und 
Kxu-ltod Cod, depend on themuolYoe and look t° tho ir ov/n iu&H.x 
int^rooto. What u pralso would It be were we fortunate cnouch 
to have an audicaiao with you but oorry thio lo n <»t pooniMe 
nov/. At any ^ato, wo hope we will attain tliin aim nhcrtly. What 
a pruioo would it liavo boon, )iud Syria, Mogb opotnmin find the 
_ remain in fl: Arab provincoo Tbecn^ pr«fi Ltod by your excellent ideuo, 
V7 ?..?.. n .7 . ^. hl . t ! Uc .9 h .M°? * e wn-inifiin a br»j,liorly personal feel in* 
townrda you. We cxpoot a reply from yen t° l.hio latter c»no*yini 
^?. l f°. *' h ° ^°. d .M^.^H? °.£ l>}\? conclutjion of the denlred mutual 
undcrn tandiriff between (.he Britiuh Government nnd our brother 
tho ljna»i, V/o nay mo u imply be amino we want t° "eo him 
pivonj-thcninfc hlo pooitlon whioh y/o conuidor a duty incuubant 
oji iiu t° rto for lilwi and the Arab nation. 

V/o ulmll be pleaocd if you will come- to uo t° have, 
dlooUBuloji with you on matters pleaolnjf t° y°u. We have written 
l \ !cttcr containing full particulars (,» Kin Excellency the Imam, 
bol levins that he will a hew it t° you, 

ricutie convey our oompllwento t° thonc vihom you cijinlder 
dear t° you. V/c Jiopo that you uill alwnyo look upon tin oe your 
uffeotionute friend, Way you 14 ore in penoo. 



a\ 



Relations ftrttoren the lhtfi\h and thr Imam, 1917-1910 2fi!) 

/■•mm ItWnli'itt, Ait™, VAHh ,/uhj 1(117. 

(Iifjtrtth'tt hi l t 'nruifjit t /vi/i/ci, mitt ftifjh (.'iitumtaahini'f t Ottiio,) 
! Itrriifvi'd nl hitliti Ollu'n I I p.m.) 

'10!) A.I', An iMivuy hiw in i ivnl fmm Imnni. lln j M it iilioilth nf 1 1 ■ - 1 1 1 
tSiliiitn iHM:l.ion til KIuimIjui r.l Tnwnl hilitt. 

Imnni is pnspninil in nififw; nit n/pcninnnl, \\\\,\\ tin mi lltmr niniii 
I'diutil.iiitiii ; -~ 

(I) Thai- hiiMMi imirU Iiuvm till Vi-miimi limn llnli I'niiiL Jitmfh, f;\i:linlin;; 
Aden only, Intl. iin IimJim;; Anir mul I lu'h itntuL, nil MMtpmL'i m 
Vdmmmi wliirli iimimI In lutluir;; In hit) pi imI rrfji'Mrn m fin; Id ho hnmlnfl 
river Id Ittin. . \ , t 

i'l) Tlmi, Itli'itti imifif lot M'liiiM'rtl f r ■ 1 1 1 1 Amhi:i. / 

(A) Tlllll. (tm'tH'ttUILMlt. Ii.imI tin IMII1III11I II il'lll ii i it with /ptMlpllJ o( VonitMi 

tixtfnpl I)m(mi;;Ii m tvifli Limim Irtljju nf Iniitin, 
Knvuy chiiniM (luii. Intiiin .run e:ill up ivlinln nl ihn Vciiumi rtl, oner*, 
iiiiiinilinn Uniiliiil ninMtukill, Llml icutly till h ilict^ ' mi n (ffHHi|t~r»HHMtttO iun( 
mnnnl with linnni. I ! : (*/i* {Xu„ < '* 

Tlmin iuij mini! tniimi iimm I i I iniin mu ( li tv\ thn iltspirml n( Tuilii'sli 
prisniMJi.UtMniii. with Inmiii. ( foviti niiimil. in j;iv t i Inmni mlnipmln linntieml 
tiMi«iii(iiiiiMi tuitl piriviili; itriini kikI ^iiininiiiliiiii (|iiittk.|htMfr jpiipi nl mirn nm| 
ViMMiiii purmmiKil. Tint Aliiluiln Nnllnn llimlwi Imiiin i» mimv living In mom 
jiftj nwn ihU'iTMH nil. I In I --Ml |,nw fin wn will /..», I Intl. ;i r umi mi'piut uf linnni 
in iliHililhil, tinil on (tin wliiiln it ui..,|,| |, n liiiUi!i/(»nippni|.^»Miifiuliiiiirv l hnl 
miIvihoi tliul. hitnin in i\ mniii pnwrihil ftir.UM- Unfit nmifmlrj'nry immI im rnii-lit 
ht! /tiviin n limil rlmiict) (n nrrnpl ntir IriliiM. 

(m my npinhm llin Ihimiii'm (humm him pi ,.|, t »Ml „, ,,,,., IM)I | jntMiiml. nn hnr.iu 
tin "In, -I. iui .Mill wni-li, I iliinlt llt.it. Ilttty mi.' pi uiii|i|i<f! hy ltiiuiv|t<i|,ni llitiL 
rniirtt.l.Miiry hml iippi,»iii,| M M| nit. Mini. In, iruliiiftl itinL liiH hnltl nn Vnmni 
/;i'imnilly in Juilini: Mini \y\ u \\ru In AiUu a(L mrlinn .<m nut pint I niif^rrj 
m-mIv (n liiMmni. lo Mm rllcrl. LttiiL tin )../., I, (!m i iiln-ntly infiniMrd „f |,„ ,„« „.» 
wlit«li hiiiro-oprinUliiM ill iIcsimmI, WvM, „|| i ( „ , il.n in'l f ,. t imll.. Mn inn,;) n.vml 
hiiI of \vmi- Mini. Iilrrsi in mi filly nf „,,,,; „j M | | I(M |M „, ltM)Jt | (1 „„ r(JllvnviM | |, v 

Imh oiiv.iy nWr^u^rj^Jluv ;i, : .HH.,m,l, Mnuuvhil,., iwi i.l r .i.,|, n |,|y |, Pn , 

«»'»/'» ;'™<7 "H'l »if t ilt nf nil tlMtiMiliniirnft iiuw iMMlmihtmlly iiiliinj- 

) ,f,,<:, ;. m ^''! ' ''i" 1 iMi.,:i.i„i. i, mm, i j.mi.ni.iy i MI | lli;m i i l( ; (n | U) „;; 

"!'>"'"'nlM 1 . ( Mvnri.i ! i () wM v nol ..liirl, it n.i'/jl.l. |,n »>i wHI to cliimhm.n 

li nn in niil;mply, 

> \J • ■) ' ■ i ' " • 1 1 



r ^ ^v ^ y » j ^ui VJ jai ji ^ uji ^1 <ju 



Rcltilitmx hrticmi thr }hit\\h tint! thr fntfim, l!)I?-l!)Ifl 27 I 



\->oiww) ";.4 4 I 



'1 

ADtttl' HISOIHEUCY, 



Ho": c~viu. * ". J tfitn uctobar, 1U17. 

i 

From: kinj or-'.' on n r?U d . M . ii tov/ar I , C . h\ , 

Political. Kn.'ildnnl. , AuT.ir. 

To*. Imam Yohya of Sana 'a. 

A.C. 

Your KxcolTunoy ' :j lotl.nr dalod Oth Ramadan (10th 
.Tunc 1017) (inly vouolmd urn by UieHaud of yo\ir Emissary 
i.'akib ,ibdij.l Willi id bin nlminrl a 1. Khulaltw V/o have no tod all- 
ho hiui i.o l.i. and all. or rornrr lntf matloro to the Croat 
■Jovcrnmrtiil. urn nc»v; luntniclod Lo c*- vn V nu ''ho follov/lng 
1'iMiJ.y. - 

Gdvcvmuon t v/oloomnri Your F.xcnlloncy 'o prosant 
approach to no uc; ovidonca oC uincorn friendship on Your 
I'.iccjllunc.v'rj pari and would gladly on ten' into an asroomonb. 
■vi Lh you. 

iiV,r Your Kxco Honey ' :j information I would point out 
thn f.cncrnl liii"3 on which v/o work. V/o and you both look 
on Ihij Turks an our nr.nmlny and riioinlos of Arab indopondencb 
V/o urn prnparod to filvo cvovy nrss Blanco to Arabs v/ho aro 
flfjilinf; analr.nl the Turks Tor tholr froculom and indopond- 
imico. By rtivliifi cmch nnnlntanco however v/q do nob moan to 
depart, in uiu .h;.uji. point from our traditional policy of. 
uon-inUrfcronon in inlnrnal or rollR loun mattorn. V/o 'have 
no doslro to talcn rjuloa in llio iuiao of Arab diapulos.' 
['Ait v/(j deprooato, at a limn llko tho prosont v/hon all'Arappj 
should continue arjainst tho Turk who La tho conmon enemy. ofd 
LlinU- race olid Imlopnn'lonoo, any proposals, v/honcoaOQVnr 
<;ni:inat Jut;, which tnnd i,o d 1 nouns ion , In nwv nrcroQtnonXO;-.^. 

wilh tho Arab Chlofs v/o mako no sudors landingn to gujiftpy.jji 
any onn Arab faction against any olhor. 

iii 



-'2 Records <>J Yemen 

Tho obhor polhi? i^jitlor.iiJ by Your Exoolloncy aro 
no I audi an can bo diGciinuod now, 

V/'o aauumo from tho fr loudly mannor in which you liavo 
apnroacliod uo that Your Rxcc.Uoncy lo roudy at onco to 
doclaro a^alnrsb tho Turbo, Your F-xcollonoy hno polnbod 
out in fon/ior lottorn that your ondoavourn have for yoaro' 
boon ell. roc bed to oui.it.lnr; tho Turicn from Yomon. May I 
riu'.vnowt that at no tinio In Your Flxool lonoy f n rulo Imvo 
cu'CUJiKjUincoo boon more favourablo for br inline about that 
avent. An opportunity loot in an opportunity pong. 

ln ; ;;oor -In:!. ion may I. onco n^aln anauro Your 
i:;xcol. lonoy that our aimn aro nut.lroiy bannd on tho donJ.ro 
to noo an iiulopondont Arabia /.jovornod by Arabg. 

V/o arn aondLnlrv thin lot tor through Your Kxoolloncy 
I'lntl v/o rjincornly trout that you will allow no connldorafcion 
to dolay you i.n nondlnc mm a favourable reply. Tlmo and 
tide wait for no man. Wo ox-pool; to rooolvn an anowor from, 
you that you will at onnn nponly Join tho nan no arjainnb ttio 
Turhrj ar.c) wo oau nromino yon that on ronolpt of that 
ar>;;uranr,n all holp v/iil lm -tupp'l i r f ri ]n an far an ponnlbln. 
May Your Wxcn l .] mioy bo pro-rri rvnd , 

f-iifjiofl) d, [.I. [JTK'VAMT, 

Ma Jo r-D on oral , 
Pol. It lea], Hon [don't, 
Adnr.. 



ilo 



Relations between the Ihithh and the ftmiui, I917-J918 



273 



Mo 



325 



Aden Residency: 
20th March 19L8 



To His Excellency 

The Imam oC Sana . 

SaLutnt ton. 

This Is to Inform Your l-xcel Inncy th.il; t have received yoju* 
messiifiG sent through the medium of your nmtssnry. NakLb Abdul Wahid 
bl n Ahmed El Khan Ian I . 

Since Lts receipt It hns been- my fortune to have nn opportunity of 
discussing the whole situation personally with Mis Excellency Sir 
Reginald Wlngate, Ills Majesty's High Commissioner In Egypt. With 
this letter I nm forwnrcllnp, you a personal latter from Sir Reginald 
Wlngate which I trust will make clear to you our friendly 
Intentions and will be pleasing to you. 

As a result of the discussion I am now In n posUlon to make more 
definite proposals'on certain polnts- 

If Your Excellency Is prepared definitely to engage to turn the 
Turks out of Yemen I nm to Inform you that the llrltlsh Government ts 
prepared on Its part to make the following promises to Your Excellency:- 

(I) To ensure Your Excellency's Independence In the Yemen as 
they have already promised the Idrlss that they would 

ensure his 

{?.) To furnish Your Excellency with the necessary paraphernalia 
of war against the Turks. 

(3) To leave to Your Excellency the disposal of Turkish prison err. 
of war In accordance with your wishes, 

( f\ ) To finance Your Excellency and your tribesmen on the pre-war 
Turkish scale. The amount: for the tribesmen would be pair! 
through Your Excel Lency and not direct. 

t 

(5) To open to trade a non-ldrlssl port such as Ghuletflkn, or 

Fuch other place as may he free from interference by the Turks 
as soon as Your Excellency Is committed lo a definite course 
of action against the Turks. 

I am to point out that tho treaties wo alrendy have with different 
Sultans and Sheikhs must be kept outside all discussion* 

Willi regard to the Idrlsi Your Excellency Is aware that we have 
a treaty engagement with h I in . I nm to emphasise the fact that 

wo have every Intention of upholding the terms of that treaty and 
would not countenance any aggressive act I fin against the I d r I s 1 on 
Your Excellency's part. 

I I 

HI 



274 Records of Yemen 

in order that there may be no misunderstanding between us as 
to the position we take In connection with the Ulrlsl I wll L now 
inform Your Excellency of the terms of our trenty with him. The 
object of our treaty Is two-Cold, I.e. war agntnst the Turks nnd 
Lie consolidation of friendship between the British Government and 
the Iclrlsl. The conditions of the treaty are thnt the Jdrisi shnll 
conduct warlike operations against the Turks only and thnt he shall 
Abstain from hostile action against Your Excellency so long as 

nr>M^ C r !r Cy H G f " OC Jc ? ln h r nds WIth t,,G Turlts - ln "turn the 
British Government have undertaken to safeguard the Idrlsl's seaboard 
from any enemy who may molest him; they have guaranteed his InHnpe™ 
un" Ce hi n J llS ° W u ? omflt V : ° nd have °R reed nt ^ G termination oTtul 
cfn( m c y nF V M ry r P }°? sltic i J 60 " 8 P ossn 'l*. to adjudicate between the 
claims of the Idrlsl and Your Excellency or any other rival. It wn * 
further emphasised that the Rritish Government had no desire to 
enlarge its borders on Arabian soil but desired to see the Arabs 
living peacefully together and in friendship with the British " 
Government. it was further agreed to maintain trade with Idrlsl 
ports as heretofore. 

These terms, Your Excellency, formed the basis of our treaty with 
the Idrlsl, and I trust this explanation will satisfy you that whUe 
making the treaty, we had Your Excellency's welfare n I w 




Greetings 



(Sd.) J.M. Stewart, Major-General 
Political. Resident, Aden. 



**v 



W)% <r O^-. ^_> br^^r^-^ J^u -^>- 1 -^V ' 






*iA 








fvihU ^$6hli,ifa/ 












OuUl «_« «Li.a l ._ — »-r S | 



iH 



.f \ °i m a jjb- ji ^uT^i oi^i ^u— ;i - 

.ol/^J! ^ ^ »j^l j£~S -^^ -t 
.^^SLoJl ly$\ OpJ^„ ^JJI ^ ft UU-lj tLfJLrf-b llP *S/lj ^jJ^I ^ ijail^l -o 

.,ULU JJ ^ ^- jj> J^l - \ . 
.*ULU JJ ^ UjJl ^VUaj-Vl Sjbl -^ Y 

tj^ju^i t^u^l ^Wi OVTjVi ^jj til^; -u^* 5-^-jj itfj*- ^jyi ^j*- ^y-y. -js^j^ -f 0) 

A SYV 
.4jLi*i*JJ iJjjJl ij*k>- f-^r j\ \-w-Laa5 ^ $\j~" s-UJJ-l L* --4 ^ -jjji-l V^ r" " ^ ° 

. ft ULLl Jl a;Ij^. j ^jU^ j ^Afl> ^ ^1^11 fJ-j - ^ A 
. ft UJbH Jl Sj-y^Jl J 4j jJl 4j jLwJlj v^Vl ^.^1 j^JLw - \ <\ 



lo 



i *■ * * •* 



Arther Galthorpe 
Bayer, Turk in kilabi tarihi, Ankara, 1983, Vol 3. pp. 742-746. < >i 0) 



t°\ 



1 

<\ ylJt £t£Jlj L-ljjJIj slUI y^ ^ U)fl :4jVl ^1 J! 

Ar LcJIj i.L.Vl • JUJI ^LJ! 

*** ** Sin* * * 

** 

\rr ^j^]\ u,jJi >b :^JLiJI ^LJI 

\ at - a jli\j jIjls^i ^Jlji-l :^lj— it ^LJ! 

Yiv oju>-jJI w^p-j *^j>«Ji_5 SJjjJl : ( ~*<>1>*JI v^LJI 

YA<\ VrjL^Ji ol*%Jl ."^iLJl^UI 

TA\ J^^Jlj ^Ji :^l llv^LJI 



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