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Full text of "Sir Gawayne and the Green knight"

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'tC- 



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- 1023 



To be returned 



1^^^AY 1939 

1 DEC 1948 



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(Kartj (ftnjlhh ^tjtl ^otkts. 




tjf (imrape 



dn^ 



ilJfel (irwn limjght: 



.Ap ALLITEEATIVE EOMANCE-POEM, 

(AB. 1320-80 A.D.) 



BY THE AUTHOK OF 

EARLY ENGLISH ALLITERATIVE POEMS. 



RE-EDITED from COTTON. MS. NERO, A. x., in the BRITISH MUSEUM, 

BY 

RICH A ED MORRIS, 

SDITOB OF HAXrOLE'S *'PXICKE OF CONSCIENCE," ^'SABLT ENGLISH ALLITEEATIVE POEMS," ETC.; 

MEMBEB OF THE COUNCIL OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



LONDON: 

PUBLISHED FOB THE EARLY ENGLISH TEXT SOCIETY 

BY TRTJBNER & CO., 60, PATERNOSTER ROW. 



MDCCCLXIV. 

I^tce Ten Shillings, 



The Philological Society has issued the following Early English 
Texts, which can he procured of Asher & Co., 13, Bedford 
Street, Covent Garden, W,C. : — 

1. "EARLY ENGLISH POEMS AND LIVES OF 

SAINTS," (with those of the Wicked Birds Pilate 
and Judas), 1250-1460. Edited by F. J. Furnivall, 
Esq., M.A. 5s. (Phil. Soc. Trans., Part II., 1858.) 

2. "THE PLAY OF THE SACRAMENT," a Middle- 

English Drama. Edited by Whitley Stokes, Esq., 
M.A. 55. (Phil. Soc. Trans., Part II., 1860-61.) 

4. " LIBER CURE COCORUM," a Cookery Book in vei'se, 
about 1440 a.d. Edited by Richard Morris, Esq. 3«. 

4. "THE PRICKE OF CONSCIENCE" (Stimulus Con- 
scientiae). A Northumbrian Poem, by Richard Rolle 
De Hampole, about a.d. 1340. Edited, with an Intro- 
duction, Notes, and Glossarial Index, by Richard 
Morris, Esq., 125. 

6. " CASTEL OFF LOUE," (Chasteau d' Amour, or Carmen 
• de Creatione Mundi), from the French of Bishop 
Grosseteste, early 14th century. Edited, with Notes 
and Glossary, by R. F. Wetmouth, Esq., M.A. '6s. 



^ir (iEuiape 



<tnb 



©h^ (^xun ^nx^ht 




ill ^^sms^t 



4tn^ 



^U €vtm Intjght: 



AN ALLITERATIVE ROMANCE-POEM, 

(ab. 1320-30 A.D.) 



BY THE AUTHOK OF 

EAllLY ENGLISH ALLITERATIYE POEMS. 



RE-EDITED FEOM COTTON.. MS. NBROi A. x., m thb BRITISH MUSEmr, 

BY 

mCHAUD MQRRIS, 

SDITOK OF BA]IPOLB*B "PBICKB OF COM8CI2NCE," **TUiXLT EITOUgH AIXITEBATITB POBXB," ETC.; 

MRMBKR OF THK COUMCXI. OF THE PaiL0ZX)01C iSi SOCIVrT. 



LONDON.- 

PUBLISHED FOB THE EARLY ENQLI&H TEXT SOCIETY, 

BY TRUBNEB. & CO., 60, PATERNOSTER ROW. 



HDCCCLXIV. 



4 

HEttf PORt) : 
Printed by Stsphbn Avvmt, 



PEEFACE. 



In re-editing tlie present romance-poem I have been saved 
all labour of transcription by using the very accurate text 
contained in Sir F. Madden's " Syr Quwayne." 

I have not only read his copy with the manuscript, but also 
the proof-sheets as they came to hand, hoping by this means 
to give the reader a text free from any errors of transcription. 

The present edition differs ttom that of the earlier one in 
haying the contractions of the manuscript expanded and side- 
notes added to the text to enable the reader to follow with some 
degree of ease the author's pleasant narrative of Sir Gawayne's 
adventures. 

The Glossary is taken from Sir F. Madden's "Syr Gawayne,"^ 
to which, for the better interpretation of the text, I have 
made several additions, and have, moreover, glossed nearly all 
the words previously left unexplained. 

For a description of the Manuscript, and particulars relating 
to the authorship and dialect of the present work, the reader 
is referred to the preface to Harlt/ English Alliteratwe Poems. 

E. M. 

London, 
December 22, 1864. 

^ Sir F. Madden has most generonaly placed at the duposal of the Early English 
Text Society any of his works which it may determine to re-edit. 



CORRECTIONS. 



Page SO, 1. 1683, <tele the comma after leue^, 
t Page 63, 1. 1991, for aoundljf read aoundyly. 

Page 78, 1. 2461, for gomen {sie MS.) read game. 

Page 109, col. 2, L 44 (Glossary) ; dele the interpretation of i>M, and sob'- 
stitute the following : — 

Pese^iWtfw (pisum) ; quite pea8e=s*irh\te pease.' 

** Set shallow brooks to surging seas, 
An Orient pearl to a wMte j»«we." 

(^Pattenham, quoted hjTrauHL—JBnffluh, Pott and Pretentf p. 162.) 



INTROI>UCTION. 



No Knight of the Eound Table has been so highly honoured 
by the old Romance writers as Sir Gawayne the son of Loth, 
and nephew to the renowned Arthur. They delighted to 
describe him as Gawayne the good, a man matchless on mould, 
the most gracious that under God lived, the hardiest of hald, 
the most fortunate in arms, and the most polite in hall, whose 
knowledge, knighthood, kindly works, doings, doughtiness, 
and deeds of arms were known in all lands. 

When Arthur beheld the dead body of his kinsman lying on 
the ground bathed in blood, he is said to have exclaimed, 
" righteous God, this blood were worthy to be preserved and 
enshrined in gold ! '* Our author, too, loves to speak of his 
hero in similar terms of praise, calling him the knight faultless 
in his five wits, void of every o£fence>. and adorned with, every 
earthly virtue. He represents him as one whose trust was in 
the five wounds,, and in whom the five virtues which distinr 
guished the true knight were more firmly established than in 
any other on earth.. 

The author of the present story,, who, as we know from his 
religious poems, had an utter horror of moral impurity, could 
have chosen no better subject for a romance in which amuse- 
ment and moral instruction were to be combined. In the 
following tale he shows how the true knight, though tempted 



VIU INTRODUCmOir. 

sorely not once alone, but twice, nay thrice, breaks not his 
TOW of chastity, but turns aside the tempter's shafts with the 
shield of purity and arm of faith, and so passes scatheless 
through the perilous defile of trial and opportunity seeming 
safe. 

But while our author has borrowed many of the details of his 
story from the " Roman de Perceval'* by Chrestien de Troyes, 
he has made the narrative more attractive by the introduction 
of several original and highly interesting passages which throw 
light on the manners and amusements of oiir ancestors. 

The following elaborate descriptions are well deserving of 
especial notice: — 

I. The mode of completely arming a knight (p. 18). 

II. The hunting and breaking the deer (pp. 36-42). 

III. The hunting and unlacing the wild boar (pp. 45-50). 
• IV. A fox hunt (pp. 54-61). 

The following is an outline of the story of Gawayne's adven- 
tures, more or less in the words of the writer himself :— 

Arthur, the greatest of Britain's kings, holds the Christmas festival 
at Gamelot, surrounded by the celebrated knights of the Bound Table, 
noble lords, the most renowned under heaven, and ladies the loveliest 
that ever had life (p. 2). This noble company celebrate the New Year by 
a religious seryice, by the bestowal of gifts, and the most joyous mirth. 
Lords and ladies take their seats at the table — Queen Guenever, the 
grey-eyed, gaily dressed, sits at the dai's, the high table, or table of 
state, where too sat Gawayne and Twain together with other worthies 
of the Bound Table (p. 3). . Arthur, in mood as joyful as a chiLd, his 
blood young and his brain wild, declares that he will not eat nor sit 
long at the table until some adventurous thing, some uncouth tale, 
some great marvel, or some eneoimter of arms has ocouired to mark 
the return of the New Year (p. 4). 

The first course was announced with cracking of trumpets, with the 
noise of nakers and noble pipes. 

** Each two had dishes twelye. 
Good beer and bright wine both." 

Scarcely was the first course served when another noise than that of 
music was heard. There rushes in at the hall-door a knight of gigantic 
stature — the greatest on earth — ^in measure high. He was clbthed 



INTRODUCrriON. 

m 

entirely in green^ and rode upon a green foal (p. 5). Fair wayy ^air 
fell about the shoulders of the Green Knight, and a great beard like at 
bush hung upon his breast (p. 6). ' 

The knight carried no helmet, shield, or spear, but in one hand 
a hoUy bough, and in the other an axe ''huge and unmeet,'* the edge 
of which was as keen as a sharp razor (p. 7). Thus arrayed, the Green 
Knight enters the hall without saluting any one. The first word that 
he uttered was, "Where is the goyemour of this gang, gladly would I 
see him and with himself speak reajson.'' To the knights he cast his 
eye, looking for the most renowned. Much did the noble assembly 
marvel to see a man and a horse of such a hue, green as the grass. 
Even greener they seemed than green enamel on bright gold. Many 
marvels had they seen, but none such as this. They were afraid to 
answer, but sat stone still in a dead silence, as if overpowered by sleep. 

«Kot all from fear, but some for courtesy" (p. 8). 

Then Arthur before the high dais salutes the Green Knight,, bids bim 
welcome, and entreats him to stay awhile at his Court. The knight 
says that his errand is not to abide in any dwelling, but to seek the 
most valiant of the heroes of the Bound Table that he may put his 
courage to the proof, and thus satisfy himself as to the fame of Arthur's 
court. "I come," he says, "in peace, as ye may see by this braneh that 
I bear here. Had I come with hostile intentions, I should not haive 
left my hauberk, helmet, shield, sharp spear, and other weapons behind 
me. But because I desire no war, ' my weeds are softer.' If thou be 
so bold as all men say, thou wilt grant me the reqioest I am. abooi to 
make." " Sir courteous knight," replies Arthur, "if thou cravest 
battle only, here failest thou not to fight." "Nay," says the Qveen 
Knight, "I seek no fighting. Here about on this bench are only beard- 
less children. Were I arrayed in arms, on a high steed, no man here 
would be a match for me (p. 9). But it is^now Christmas time, and this 
is the New Tear, and I see around me many brave ones ; — ^if any be «a 
bold in his blood that dare strike a stroke fom another, I shall give him 
this rich axe to do with it whatever he pleases. I shall abide the first 
blow just as I sit^ and will stand him a stroke, stiff on this floor,, pro* 
vided that I deal him another in return. 

* And yet give I bim reroite, 
A twelyemonth and a oay ; 
Now haste and let see tite (soon) 
Dure any here-ln ought lay.' " 

If he astounded them at fixst^ much more so did be after this speech, 
and fear held them all silent. The knight, righting' himself in his 
saddle, rolls fiercely his red eyes about, bends his bristly green brows, 
and strokes his beard awaiting a reply. But finding none that would 
carp with him, he exclaims, '^ What I is this Arthurs house, the fame 
of which has spread through so many realms ? Forsooth, the renown 
of the Bound Table is overturned by the word of one man's speech, for 



X : IKTRODUCriOV, 

all tremble for dread without a blow being struck !" (p. 10). With this 
he laughed so loud that Arthur blushed for very shame, and waxed as 
wroth as the wind. ^'I know no man," he says, ^^that is aghast at 
thy great words. Give me now thy axe and I will grant thee thy 
request !" Arthur seizes the axe, grasps the handle, and sternly bran- 
dishes it about, while the Green £iight, with a stem oheer and a dry 
countenance, stroking his beard and drawing down his coat, awaits the 
blow (p. 11). Sir Gawayne, the nephew of the king, beseeches his 
uncle to let him undertake the encounter ; and, at the earnest entreaty 
of his nobles, Arthur consents 'Ho give Gawayne the game" (p. 12). 

Sir Gawayne then takes possession of the axe, but, before the blow 
is dealt, the Green Knight asks the name of his opponent. '^ In good 
faith," answers the good knight, "Gawayne I am called, that bids thee 
to this buffet, whatever may befall after, and at this time twelvemonth 
will take from thee another, with whatever weapon thou wilt, and 
with no wight else alive." "By Gog," quoth the Green Knight, "it 
pleases me well that I shall receive at thy fist that which I have 
sought here — moreover thou hast truly rehearsed the terms of the 
covenant, — but thou shalt first pledge me thy word that thou wilt seek 
me thyself, wheresoever on eaxtia. thou believest I may be found, and 
fetch thee such wages as thou dealest me to-day before this company of 
doughty ones." "Where should I seek thee?" replies Gawayne, 
" where is thy place? I know not thee, thy court, or thy name. I 
wot not where tiiou dwellest, but teach me thereto, tell me how thou 
art oalled, and I shall endeavour to find thee,— >and that I swear thee 
for truth and by my sure troth." "That is enough in Kew Year," 
says the groom in green, " if I teU thee when I have received the tap. 
When thou hast smitten me, then smartly I will teach thee of my 
house, my home, and my own name, so that thou mayest follow my 
track and fdlfil the covenant between us. If I spend no speech, then 
speedest thou the better, for then mayest thou r^nain in thy own land 
and seek no farther; but cease thy talking^ (p 13). Take now thy 
grim tool to thee. and let us see how thou knockest." "Gladly, sir, 
for sooth," quoth Gawa3me, and his axe he brandishes. 

The Green Knight adjusts himself on the ground, bends slightly his 
head, lays his long lovely locks over his crown, and lavs bare his neck 
for the blow. Gawayne then gripped the axe, and, raising it on high, 
let it fall quickly upon the knight's neck and severed the head from 
the body. The fair head fell from the neck to the earth, and many 
turned it aside with their feet as it rolled forth. The blood burst from 
the body, yet the knight never faltered nor fell ; but boldly he started 
forth on stiff shanks and fiercely rushed forward, seized his head, and 
lifted it up quickly. Then he runs to his horse, the bridle he catches, 
steps into his saddle and strides aloft. His head by the hair he holds 
in his hands, and sits as firmly in his saddle as if no mishap had ailed 

^ This, I think, is the true explanation of sloket. 



IIITRODUCTION. XX 

him, though headless he was (p. 14). He turned his ugly trunk about 

— ^that ugly body that bled, — and holding the head in his hand, he 

directed the face toward the ^'dearest on thu dais.'' The head lifted up 

its eyelids and looked abroad, and thus much spoke with its mouth as 

ye may now hear : — 

'^Loke, Gawayne, thou be prompt to go as thou hast promised, and 

seek till thou find me according to thy promise made in the hearing of 

these knights. Get thee to the Green Chapel, I charge thee, to fetch 

such a dint as thou hast dealt, to be returned on New Year's mom. 

As the Knight of the Green Chapel I am known to many, wherefore 

if thou seekest thou canst not fail to find me. Therefore come, or 

recreant be called." With a fierce start the reins he turns, rushes out 

of the hall-door, his head in his hand, so that the fire of the flint fiew 

from the hoofs of his foal. To what kingdom he belonged knew none 

there, nor knew they from whence he had come. What then ? 

" The king and Gawayne there 
At that green (one) they laugh and grin." 

Though Arthur wondered much at the marvel, he let no one see thut 
he was at all troubled about it, but full loudly thus spake to his comely 
queen with courteous speech : 

'^Dear dame, to-day be never dismayed, well happens such craft at 
Christmas time. I may now proceed to meat, for I cannot deny that 
I have witnessed a wondrous. adventure this day" (p. 15). 

He looked upon Sir Gawayne and said, '^ifrow sir, hang up thine 
axe, for enough has it hewn." So the weapon was hung up on 
high that all might look upon it, and ''by true title thereof tell the 
wonder." Then all the knights hastened to their seats at the table, so 
did the king and our good knight, and they were there served with all 
dainties, '' with all manner of meat and minstrelsy," 

Though words were wanting when they first to seat went, now are 
their hands full of stem work, and the marvel affords them good 
subject for conversation. But a year passes full quickly and never 
returns,— the beginning is seldom like the end ; wherefore this Christ- 
mas passed away and the year after, and each season in turn followed 
after another (p. 16). Thus winter winds round again, and then 
Gawayne thinks of his wearisome journey (p. 17). On All-hallows day 
Arthur entertains right nobly the lords and ladies of his court in 
honour of his nephew, for whom all courteous knights and lovely 
ladies were in great grief. Nevertheless they 49poke only of mirth, 
and, though joyless themselves, made many a joke to cheer the good 
Sir Gawayne (p. 18). Early on the morrow Sir Gawayne, with great 
ceremony, is arrayed in hi? armour (p. 19), and thus completely 
equipped for his adventure he first hears mass, and afterwards takes 
leave of Arthur, the knights of the Bound Table, and the lords and 
ladies of the coiu:t, who kiss him and commend him to Christ. He bids 
them all good day, as he thought, for evermore (p. 21) ; 

'' Very much wot th$ warm water that poured from eyee that day** 



XU INTRODUCnOM. 

Now rides onr knight through the reahns of Enghmd with no com- 
panion but his foal, and no one to hold oonyerse with save Qod alone. 
From Camelot, in Somersetshire, he proceeds through Gloucestershire 
and the adjoining counties into Montgomeryshire, and thence through 
North Wales to Holyhead, adjoining Uie Isle of Anglesea (p. 22), from 
which he passes into the very narrow peninsula of Wirral, in Cheshire, 
where dwelt but few that loved God or man. Gawayne enquires after 
the Green Knight of the Gbreen Chapel, but all the inhabitants declare 
that they had never seen ** any man of such hues of green." 

The knight thence pursues his journey by strange paths, over hill 
and moor, encountering on his way not only serpents, wolves, bulls, 
bears, and boars, but wood satyrs and giants. But worse than all 
these, however, was the sharp winter, ''when the cold clear water 
shed from the clouds, and froze ere it might fall to the earth. Nearly 
slain with the sleet he slept in his armour, more nights than enough, 
in naked rocks'' (p. 23). 

Thus in peril and plight the knight travels on until Christmas-eve, 
and to Mary he makes his moan that she may direct him to some abode. 
On the mom he arrives at an immense forest, wondrously wild, sur- 
rounded by high hills on every side, where he found hoary oaks full 
huge, a hundred together. The hazel and the hawthorn intermingled 
were all overgrown with moss, and upon their boughs sat many sad 
birds that piteously piped for pain of the cold. Gawayne besought the 
Lord and Mary to guide him to some habitation where he might hear 
mass (p. 24). Scarcely had he crossed himself thrice, when he perceived 
a dwelling in the wood set upon a hill. It was the loveliest castle he 
had ever beheld. It was pitched on a i»rairie, with a park all about it, 
enclosing many a tree for more than two miles. It shone as the sun 
through the bright oaks (p. 25). 

Gawayne turges on his steed Gring(det, and finds himself at the 
''chief gate.'' He called aloud, and soon there appeared a "porter" 
on the wall, who demanded his errand. 

" Gkx>d sir," quoth Gawayne, " wouldst thou go to the high lord of 
this house, and crave a lodging for me ?" 

"Yea, by Peter!" replied the porter, "weU I know that thou art 
welcome to dwell here as long as thou likest." 

The drawbridge is soon let down, and the gates opened wide to re- 
ceive the knight. Many noble ones hasten to bid him welcome (p. 26). 
They' take away his helmet, sword, and shield, and many a proud one 
presses forward to do him honour. They bring him into the hall, 
where a fire was brightly burning upon the hearth. Then the lord of 
the land^ comes &om his chamber and welcomes Sir Gawayne, telling 
him that he is to consider the place as his own. Our knight is next 

^ Gawayne if now in the castle of the Green Kn^t, who, diyested of his elyish or 
snpcmatimil character, appears to our knight merely as a bold one with a beayer- 
hued beard. 



nrrBODUcnoH. xui 

oondacted to a bright bower, where was noble bedding— curtains of 
pure silk, with golden hems, and "Tarsic tapestries upon the walls and 
the floors (p. 27). Here the knight doffed his armour and put on rich 
robes, which so well became him, that all declared that a more comelj 
knight Christ had never made (p. 28). 

A table is soon raised, and Grawayne, having washed, proceeds to 
meat. Many dishes are set before him — '^ sews" of various kinds, flsh 
of all kinds, some baked in bread, others broiled on the embers, some 
boiled, and others seasoned with spices. The knight expresses Imnself 
well pleased, and calls it a most noble and princely feast. 

After dinner he, in reply to numerous questions, tells his host that 
he is Gawayne, one of the Knights of the Bound Table. When this 
was made known great was the joy in the hall. Each one said softly 
to his companion, ''Now we shall see courteous behaviour and learn 
the terms of noble discourse, since we have amongst us 'that fine father 
of nurture.' Truly God has highly favoured us in sending us such a 
noble guest as Sir Gawayne" (p. 29). At the end of the Christmas 
festival Gawayne desires to take his departure from the castle, but his 
host persuades him to stay, promising to direct him to the Green 
Chapel (about two miles from tiie chapel), that he may be there by the 
appointed time (p. 34). 

A covenant is made between them, the terms of which were that the 
lord of the castle should go out early to the chase, that Gawayne mean- 
while should lie in his loft at his ease, then rise at his usual hour, and 
afterwards sit at table with his hostess, and that at the end of the day 
they should make an exchange of whatever they might obtain in the 
interim. "Whatever I win in the wood," says the lord, "shall be 
yours, and what thou gettest shall be mine" (p. 35). 

Full early before daybreak the folk uprise, saddle their horses, and 
truss their mails. The noble lord of the land, arrayed for riding, eats 
hastily a sop, and having heard mass, proceeds with a hundred hunters 
to hunt the wild deer (p. 36). 

All this time Gawayne lies in his gay bed. His nap is disturbed by 
a little noise at the door, which is softly opened. He heaves up his 
head out of the clothes, and, peeping through the curtains, beholds a 
most lovely lady (the wife of his host). She came towards the bed, 
and the knight laid himself down quickly, pretending to be asleep. 
The lady stole to the bed, cast up the curtains, crept within, sat her 
softly on the bed-side, and waited some time till the knight should 
awake. After lurking awhile under the clothes considering what it all 
meant, Gawayne unlocked his eyelids, and put on a look of surprise, at 
the same time making the sign of the cross, as if afraid of some hidden 
danger (p. 38). * ' Good morrow, sir, " said that fair lady, " ye are a careless 
sleeper to let one enter thus. I shall bind you in your bed, of that be 
ye sure." "Good morrow," quoth Gawayne, "I shall act according 
to your will with great pleasure, but permit me to rise that I may the 
more comfortably converse with you." "Kay, beau sir," said that 



XIV INTBODUCnON. 

sweet one, " ye shall not rise from your bed, for since I have caught 
my knight I shall hold talk with mm. I ween well that ye are Sir 
Gawayne that all the world worships, whose honour and courtesy 
are so greatly praised. Kow ye are here, and we are alone (my 
lord and his men being afar off, other men, too, are in bed, so are my 
maidens), and the door is safely closed,' I shall use my time well while 
it lasts. Ye are welcome to my person to do with it as ye please, and 
I will be your servant" (p. 39). ^ 

Gawayne behaves most discreetly, for the remembrance of his forth- 
coming adventure at the Green Chapel prevents him from thinking of 
love (p. 4 1 ). At last the lady takes leave of the knight by catching him in 
her arms and kissing him (p. 41). The day passes away merrily, and at 
dusk the lord of the castle returns from the chase. He presents the veni- 
son to Gawayne according to the previous covenant between them. Our 
knight gives his host a kiss as the only piece of good fortune that had 
fallen to him during the day. ''It is good," says the other, ''and 
would be much better if ye would tell me where ye won such bliss" (p. 44). 
"That was not in our covenant," replies Gawayne, "so try me no 
more." After much laughing on both sides they proceed to supper, 
and afterwards, while the choice wine is being carried round, Gawayne 
and his host renew their agreement. Late at night they take leave of 
each other and hasten to their beds. " By the time that the cock had 
crowed and cackled thrice" the lord was up, and after "meat and 
mass" were over the hunters make for the woods, where they give 
chase to a wild boar who had grown old and mischievous (p. 45). 

While the sportsmen are hunting this "wild swine" our lovely 
knight lies in his bed. He is not forgotten by the lady, who pays 
him an early visit, seeking to make further triad of his virtues. She 
sits softly by his side and tells him that he has forgotten what she 
taught him the day before (p. 47). ' ' I taught you of kissing," says she ; 
"that becomes every courteous knight." Gawayne says that he must 
not take that which is forbidden him. The lady replies that he is 
strong enough to -enforce his own wishes. Our knight answers that 
every gift not given with a good will is worthless. His fair visitor 
then enquires how it is that he who is so skilled in the true sport of love 
and so renowned a knight, has never talked to her of love (p. 48). " You 
ought," she says, "to show and teach a young thing like me some 
tokens of true-love's crafts ; I come hither and sit here alone to leam 
of you some game; do teach me of your wit while my lord is from 
home." Gawayne replies that he cannot undertake the task of ex- 
pounding true-love and tales of arms to one who has far more wisdom 
than he possesses. Thus did our knight avoid all appearance of evil, 
though sorely pressed to do what was wrong (p. 49). The lady, having 
bestowed two kisses upon Sir Gawayne, takes her leave of him (p. 50). 

At the end of the day the lord of the castle returns home with the 
shields and head of the wild boar. He shows them to his guest, who 
declares that " such a brawn of a beast, nor such sides of a swine," he 



INTRODUCTION. XT 

neyer before has seen. Gawayne takes possession of tlie spoil according 
to coyenant, and in return he bestows two kisses npon bis host, wbo 
declares that bis guest has indeed been rich with '* snch chaffer'' (p. 52). 

After much persuasion, Ghtwayne consents to stop at the castle another 
day (p. 53). Early on tiie morrow the lord and his men hasten to the 
woods, and come upon the track of a fox, the hunting of which affords 
them plenty of employment and sport (p. 54). Meanwhile our good knight 
sleeps soundly within his comely curtains. He is again visited by the 
lady of the castle. So gaily was she attired, and so ^* faultless of her 
features," that great joy warmed the heart of Sir Gawayne. With soft 
and pleasant smiles '^they smite into mirth," and are soon engaged in 
conversation. Had not Mary thought of her knight, he would have 
been in great peril (p. 56). So sorely does the fair one press him with her 
love, that he fears lest he should become a traitor to his host. The 
lady enquires whether he has a mistress to whom he has plighted his 
troth. The knight swears by St. John that he neither has nor desires 
one. This answer causes the dame to sigh for sorrow, and telling him 
that she must depart, she asks for some gift, if it were only a glote, 
by which she might ' 'think on the knight and lessen her grief" (p. 57). 
Gawayne assures her that he has nothing worthy of her acceptance ; 
that he is on an '^ uncouth errand," And therefore has ''no men with 
no mails containing precious things," for which he is truly sorry. 

Quoth that lovesome (one) — 

<< Thouffh I had nought of yours, 
Tet should ye haye of mine." 

Thus saying, she offers him a rich ring of red gold ''with a shining 
stone standing alofb," that shone like the beams of the bright sun. 
The knight refused the gift, as he had nothing to give in return. 
" Since ye refuse my ring," says the lady, " because it seems too rich, 
and ye would not be beholden to me, I shall give you my girdle that 
is less valuable" (p. 68). But Qtiwayne replies that he will not accept 
gold or a reward of any kind, though "ever in hot and in cold" he 
will be her true servant. 

"Do you refuse it," asks the lady, '^because it seems simple and 
of little value ? "Whoso knew the virtues that are knit therein would 
estimate it more highly. For he who is girded with this green 
lace cannot be wounded or slain by any man under heaven." The ^ight 
thinks awhile, and it strikes him that this would be "jewel for the 
jeopardy" that he had to undergo at the Green Chapel. So he not only 
accepts the. lace, but promises to keep the possession of it a secret (p. 59). 
By that time the lady had kissed him thrice, and she then takes "her 
leave and leaves him there." 

Gawayne rises, dresses himself in noble array, and conceals the 
"love lace" where he might find it again. He then hies to mass, 
shrives him of his misdeeds, and obtains absolution. On his return to the 
hall he solaces the ladies with comely carols and all kinds of joy (p. 60). 
The dark night came, and then the lord of the castle, having slain the 



ivi INTHODUCnON. 

Ibx, retams to his "dear home/* where he finds a fire brightly burning 
aad his guest amusing the ladies (p. 61). Grawayne, in fulfilment of his 
agreement, kisses his host thrice.* " By Christ," quoth the other knight, 
" ye have caught much bliss. I have hunted aU this day and nought 
have I got but the skin of this foul fox (the devil have the goods), and 
that is full poor for to pay for such precious things" (p. 62). 

After the usual evening's entertainment, Gawayne retires to rest. 
The next morning, being New Year's day, is cold and stormy. Snow 
falls, and the dales are full of drift. Our knight in his bed locks his 
eyelids, but full little he sleeps. By each cock that crows he knows 
the hour, and before day-break he calls for his chamberlain, who 
quickly brings him his armour (p. 64). * "WTiile Gawayne clothed himself 
in his rich weeds he forgot not the **lace, the lady's gift," but with it 
doubly girded his loins. He wore it not for its rich ornaments, "but 
to save himself when it behoved him to suffer," find as a safeguard 
against sword or knife (p. 65). 

Having thanked his host and all the renowned assembly for the great 
kindness he had experienced at their hands, "he steps into stirrups 
and strides aloft" (p. 66). 

The drawbridge is let down, and the broad gates imbarred and 
bcNme open upon both sides, and the knight, after commending the castle 
to Christ, passes thereout and goes on his way accompanied by his 
guide, that should teach him to turn to that place where he should 
receive the much dreaded blow. They climb over cliffs, where each 
hill had a hat and a mist-cloak, until the next mom, when they find 
themselves on a full high hill covered with snow. The servant bids 
his master remain awhile, saying, " I have brought you hither at this 
time, and now ye are not far from that noted place that ye have so 
often enquired after. The place that ye press to is esteemed full 
perilous, and there dwells a man in that W£iste the worst upon earth, 
for he is stiff and stem and loves to strike, and greater is he than any 
man upon middle-earth, and his body is bigger than the best four in 
Arthur's house. He keeps the Green Chapel; there passes none by 
that place, however proud in arms, that he does not 'ding him to 
death with dint of his hand.' He is a man immoderate and * no mercy 
uses,' for be it churl or chaplain that by the chapel rides, monk or 
mass-priest, or any man else, it is as pleasant to him to kill them as to 
go alive himself. Wherefore I tell tiiee truly, * come ye there, ye be 
killed, though ye had twenty lives to spend. He has dwelt there long 
of yore, and on field much sorrow has wrought. Again his dints sore 
ye may not defend you' (p. 67). Therefore, good Sir Gawayne, let the man 
alone, and for God's sake go by some other path, and then I shall hie 
me home again. I swear to you by God and ail His saints that I will 
never say that ever ye attempted to flee from any man." 

Gawayne thanks his guide for his well-meant kindness, but declares 

1 He only in part keeps to his oovenant, as he holds back the kvt^laet. 



mXRODUCCIOK. xvu 

that to the Ghreen Chapel he will go, though the owner thereof be '' a 
stem knave." for God can deyise means to saye his servants. 

'^MaryP quoth the other, ''since it pleases thee to lose thy life, I 
will not hinder thee. Have thy hebuet on thy head, thy spear in thy 
hand, and ride down this path by yon rock-side, till thou be brought 
to the bottom of the valley, Then look a little on the plain, on thj 
left hand, and thou shalt see in that slade the chapel itself, and the 
burly knight that guards it (p. 68). Now, farewell Gawayne the noble ! 
for all the gold upon ground I would not go with thee nor bear thee 
fellowship 1to>ugh this wood 'on foot farther.' " Thus having spoken, 
he gallops away and leaves the knight alone. 

Gawayne now pursues his journey, rides through the dale, and looks 
about. He sees no signs of a resting-place, but only high and steep 
banks, and the very shadows of the high woods seemed wild and dis- 
torted. No chapel, however, could he discover. After a while he sees 
a round hill by the side of a stream; thither he goes, alights, and 
fastens his horse to the branch of a tree. He walks about the hill, 
debating with himself what it might be. It had a hole in the one end 
and on each side, and everywhere overgrown with grass, but whether 
it was only an old cave or a crevice of an old crag he coidd not tell 
(p. 69). 

"Now, indeed," quoth Gawayne, "a desert is here ; this oratory is 
ugly with herbs overgrown. It is a fitting place for the man in green 
to 'deal here his devotions after the devil's manner.' Now I feel it is 
the fiend (the devil) in my five wits that has covenanted with me that 
he may destroy mc. This is a chapel of misfortune— evil betide it ! 
It is the most cursed kirk that ever I came in." With his helmet on 
his head, and spear in his hand, he roams up to the rock, and then he 
hears from that high hiU beyond the brook a wondrous wild noise. 
Lo ! it clattered in the cliff as if one upon a grindstone were grinding 
a scythe. It whirred like the water at a mill,, and rushed and re- 
echoed, terrible to hear. "Though my life I forego," says Gawayne, 
" no noise shall cause me to fear." 

Then he cried aloud, " Who dwells in this place, discourse with me 
to hold? For now is good Gawayne going right here if any brave 
wight will hie him hither, either now or never" ^p. 70). 

"Abide," quoth one on the bank above, over his head, "and thou 
shalt have all in haste that I'promised thee once." 

Soon there comes out of a hole in the crag, with a fell weapon, a 
Danish axe quite new, the "man in the green," clothed as at first as 
to his legs, locks, and beard. But now he is on foot and walks on the 
earth. When he reaches the stream, he hops over and boldly strides 
about. He meets Sir Gawayne, who tells him that he is quite ready 
to fulfil his part of the compact. "Gawayne," quoth that 'green 
gome' (man), "may God preserve thee ! Truly thou art welcome to 
my place, 'and thou hast timed thy travel' as a true man should. 
Thou knowest the covenants made between us, at this time twelve. 



XVm INTRODUCTION. 

month, that on New Year's day I fihould return thee thy blow. We are 
now in this valley by ourselves, and can do as we please (p. 71). Have, 
therefore, thy helmet off thy head, and * have here thy pay/ Let us 
have no morcf talk than when thou didst strike off my head with a single 
blow." 

"Nay, by God!" quoth Gawayne, "I shall not begrudge thee thy 
will for any harm that may happen, but will stand still while thou 
strikest." 

Then he stoops a little and shows his bare neck, unmoved by any 
fear. The Green Knight takes up his " grim tool," and with all his 
force raises it aloft, as if he meant utterly to destroy him. As the axe 
came gliding down Gawayne " shrank a little with the shoulders from 
the sharp iron." The other withheld his weapon, and then reproved 
the prince with many proud words. ** Thou wet noi Gawayne that is 
so good esteemed, that never feared for no host by hill nor by vale, for 
now thou fleest for fear before thou feelest harm (p. 72). Such cowardice 
of that knight did I never hear. I never flinched nor fled when thou 
didst aim at me in King Arthur's house. My head flew to my feet 
and yet I never fled, wherefore I deserve to be called the better man." 

Quoth Gawayne, **I shunted once, but will do so no more, though 
my head fall on the stones. But hasten and bring me to the point ; 
deal me my destiny, and do it out of hand, for I shall stand thee a 
stroke and start no more until thine axe has hit me — have here my 
troth." **H.ave at thee, then," said the other, and heaves the axe 
aloft, and looks as savagely as if he were mad. He aims at the other 
mightily, but withholds his hand ere it might hurt. Gawayne readily 
abides the blow without flinching with any member, and stood still as 
a stone or a tree flxed in rocky ground with a hundred roots. 

Then m-errily the other did speak, ** Since now thou hast thy heart 
whole it behoves me to strike, so take care of thy neck." Gawayne 
answers with great wroth, "Thrash on, thou fierce man, thou threat- 
enest too long ; I believe thy own heart fails thee." 

" Forsooth," quoth the other, since thou speakest so boldly, I will no 
longer delay" (p. 73). Then, contracting " both Hps and brow," he made 
ready ta strike, and let fall his axe on the bare neck of Sir Gawayne. 
"Though he hammered" fiercely, he only "severed the hide," causing 
the blood to flow. "When Gawayne saw his blood on the snow, he 
quickly seized his helmet and placed it on his head. Then he drew 
out his bright sword, and thus angrily spoke : " Cease, man, of thy 
blow, bid me no more. I have received a stroke in this place without 
opposition, but if thou givest me any more readily shall I requite thee, 
of that be thou sure. Our covenant stipulates one stroke, and therefore 
now cease." 

The Green Knight, resting on his axe, looks on Sir Gfiwayne, as 
bold and fearless he there stood, and then with a loud voice thus 
addresses the knight : " JBold knight, be not so wroth, no man here has 
wronged thee (p. 74) ; I promised thee a stroke, and thou hast it, so hold 



INTRODUCTKiiN. XIX 

thee well pleased. I could have dealt mucli worse with thee, and 
caused thee much sorrow. Two blows I aimed at thee, for twice thou 
kissedst my fair wife ; but I struck thee not, because thou restoredst 
them to me according to agreement. At the third time thou failedst, 
and therefore I have given thee that tap. That woven girdle, given 
thee by my own wife, belongs to me. I know well thy kisses, thy 
conduct also, and the wooing of my wife, for I wrought it myself. I 
sent her to try thee, and truly methinks thou art ^e most faultless 
man that ever on foot went. Still, sir, thou wert wanting in good 
faith ; but as it proceeded from no immorality, thou being only desirous 
of saving thy life, the less I blame thee.*' 

Gawayne stood confounded, the blood rushed into his face, and he 
shrank within himself for very shame. "Cursed," he cried, '*be 
cowardice and covetousness both; in you are villany and vice, that 
virtue destroy.'^ Then he takes off the girdle and throws it to the 
knight in green, cursing his cowardice and covetousness. The Green < 
Knight, laughing, thu& spoke : ^ Thou hast confessed so clean, and 
acknowledged thy faults, that I hold thee as pure as thou hadst never 
forfeited since thou wast first bom. I give thee, sir, the gold-hemmed 
girdle as a token of thy adventure at the Green Chapel. Come now 
to my castle, and we shall enjoy together the festivities of the New 
Year'* (p. 76). 

**Nay, forsooth," quoth the knight, "but for your kindness may 
God requite you. Commend me to that courteous one- your comely 
wife, who with her crafts has beguiled me. But it is no uncommon 
thing for a man to come to sorrow through women's wiles ; for so was 
Adam beguiled with one, and Solomon with many. Samson was 
destroyed by Delilah, and David suffered much through Bathsheba. ' It 
were indeed great hlisB for a man to love them well and believe them not J 
Since the greatest upon earth were so beguiled, methinks I should be 
excused. But God reward you for your girdle, which I will ever 
wear in remembrance of my fault, and when pride shall exalt me, a 
look to this love-lace shall lessen it (p. 77). But since ye are the lord of 
yonder land, from whom I have received so much honour, tell me truly 
your right name, and I shall ask no more questions." 

Quoth the other, "I am called Bemlak de Hautdesert, through 
might of Morgain la Fay, who dwells in my house. Much has she 
learnt of Merlm, who knows all your knights at home. She iJrought 
me to your hall for to essay the prowess of the Bound Table. She 
wrought this wonder to bereave you of your wits, hoping to have 
grieved Guenever and affrighted her to death by means of the man that 
spoke with his head in his hand before the high table. She is even 
thine aunt, Arthur's half sister; wherefore come to thine aunt, for 'all 
my household love thee." 

Gawayne refuses to accompany the Green Knight, and so, with many 
embraces and kind wishes, they separatoT—the one to his castle, the 
other to Arthur's court. 



■r 



INTRODUCTION. 

After passing througli many wild ways, our knight recovers fi:om the 
wound in his neck, and at last comes safe and sound to the court of* 
King Arthur. Great then was the j oy of all ; the king and q[ueen kiss their 
brave knight, and make many enquiries about his journey. He teUs 
them of his adventures, hiding nothing — "the chance of the chapel, 
the cheer of the knight, the love of the lady, and lastly of the lace." 
Groaning for grief and shame he shows them the cut in his neck, 
which he had received for his unfaithfcdness (p. 79). The king and his 
courtiers comfort the knight — they laugh loudly at his adventures, and 
unanimously agree that those lords and ladies that belonged to the 
Bound Table, and each knight of the brotherhood, should ever after 
wear a bright green belt for Gawayne's sake. And he upon whom it 
was conferred honoured it evermore after. 

Thus in Arthur's time this adventure befell, whereof the '^Brutus 
Books" bear witness (p. 80). 

I need not say that the Brutus Books we possess do not con- 
tain the legend here set forth, though it is not much more 
improbable than some of the statements contained in them. If 
the reader desires to know the relation in which this and the 
like stories stand to the original Arthur legends, he wiU find it 
discujBsed in Sir F. Madden's Preface to his edition of "Syr 
Gawayne," which also contains a sketch of the very different 
views taken of Sir Gawayne by the different Somance writers. 

Into this and other literary questions I do not enter here, as 
I have nothing to add to Sir F. Madden's statements; but in 
the text of the Poem I have differed from him in some few 
readings, which will be found noticed in the Notes and Glossary. 

As the manuscript is fast fading, I am glad that the exist- 
ence of the Early English Text Society has enabled us to secure 
a wider difi^ion of its contents before the original shall be no 
longer legible. 

We want nothing but an increased supply of members to 
enable us to give to a large circle of readers many an equally 
interesting record of Early English minds. 



STE GAWAYN AND THE GEENE KNYJT. 



[FYTTE THE FIRST.] 
I. 

SIp'EN }e sege & }e assaut watj sesed at Troye, 
pe bor^ brittened & brent to bronde^ & aske^, 
pe talk ]?at }e trammes of tresoun ]^er wro^t, 
4 "Watj tried for his tricberie, ye trewest on erthe ; 
Hit watj Ennias ]?e athel, & bis bigb^ kynde, 
pat sipen depreced prouinces; & patrounes bicome 
"Welneje of al J?e wele i» J?e west iled, 
8 Fro ricbe Eomulus to Eome riccbis hjm swy]?e, ^ 
With gret bobbannce jyat bur je he biges ypon fyrst , 
& neuenes hit his anne nome, as hit now hat ; 
Ticins to Tuskan [tnmes,] & teldes bigynnes ; 
12 Langaberde in Lumbardie lyffces vp homes ; 
& fer 011^ ]?e French flod FeHx BruttM 
On mony bonkkes ful brode Bretayn he setter, 

wyth wy»ne ; 
16 Where werre, & wrake, & wonder, 

Bi syj?ej hatj wont )>tfr-i»ne, 
& oft bo)>e blysse & blimder 
Ful skete hat^ skyfbed synne. 



\ 



II. 



20 Ande quen ]ns Bretayn watj bigged bi ]?is bum rych, 
Bolde bredden ]?er-inne, baret pot lofden, 
In mony turned tyme tene J^at wro^ten ; 
Ho ferlyes on ]?is folde ban fallen here ofb 



TFol. 91a.] 
After the sl^e of 
Troy 



BomulvB built 
Borne, 



and Felix Bmtas 
founded Britain, 



a land of war and 
wonder, 



and oft of blisi 
and blunder. 



Bold men in- 
creased in the 
land, 



/^ S( S^t^vrUpt . ^. 2if} t '^t^ J'^ As^^iTn^ j^ A^ k^it^^'d<^ ^^ 



! 



•2 



CHRISTMAS AT ARTHUR'S COURT. 



and many mat- 
Tela happened. 

Of aU Britain's 
kings Arthur WM 
the noblest. 

[FoL 9U.] 



listen a while 
and ye shall hear 
the story of an 
" outrageous ad- 
▼enture." 



24 pen in any oJ?tfr ]?at I wot, syn J?at ilk tyme. 
Bot of alle J^at here bult of Bretaygne kynges 
Ay wat^ Arthur ]fe hendest, as I haf herde telle ; 
Por-J?i an aunt^ in erde I attle to schawe, 
28 pat a selly in si^t Bumme men hit holden, 
& an outtrage awenture of Arthure^ wond^e^ ; 
If je wyl lysten ]?is laye bot on littel quile, 
I schal telle hit, as-tit, as I in toun herde, 
32 -with tonge j 

As hit is stad & stoken, 
In stori stif & stronge, 
With lei lett^res loken, 
36 In londe so hatj ben longe. 



Arthur held at 
Camelot his 
Christmas feast, 

with all the 
knights of the 
Round Table, 



full fifteen days. 



All was ioy in 
hall andchtunber, 



among brare 
knights and 
loTely ladies, 



III. 

J?is kyng lay at Camylot vpon kryst-masse, 
With mony Inflych lorde, ledej of J?e best, 
Rekenly of }?e rounde table alle )?o rich hre^^er, 

40 With rych reuel oryjt, & rechles m^Jes ; 
per tottrnayed tulkes bi-tymej ful mony, 
lusted ful loliL^ ]?ise gentyle kni^tes, 
Sy]?en kayred to fe court, caroles to make. 

44 For Jer J?e fest watj ilyche ful fiften dayes, 

With alle Je mete & }e mirj?e Jat men couJ?e a-ryse ; 
Such glaumande gle glorious to here, 
Dere dyn vp-on day, daunsyng on nyjtes, 

48 Al wat^ hap vpon he^e in halle^ & chambre^, 
With lorde^ & ladies, as leuest him jfo^t ; 
"With all Je wele of }e worlde Jay woned }er samen, 
pe most kyd knyjtej vnder kryst^^ seluen, 

52 & ]?e louelokkest ladies ]?at eu^r lif haden, 
& he Jre comlokest kyng ]?at ]?e court haldes ; 
For al watj J^is fayre folk in her first age, 

on sille ; 






the happiest 
under heayen. 



56 



pe hapnest vnder heuen, 
Kyng hyjest mon of wylle. 



THE CELEBRATION OP THE NEW TEAK. 



Hit were* now gret nye to nenen 
So hardy a here on hille. 

IV. 

60 *Wyle nw jer watj so jep J?at h»t watj nwe oummen, 
pat day doubble on ]?e dece wat; ]?e douth seraed. 
Fro j^e kyng wat; cninmen w»t^ knyjt^ in to Jne halle, 
pe chauntre of }e chapel cheued to an ende ; 

64 Loude crye wat^ ]^er kest of derke^ & oJ?er, 
Kowel nayted o-newe, nenened fill ofte ; 
& By]?en liche forth runnen to reohe hosde-selle, 
^e^ feres ^ iftes on hi), ^Ide hem bi hond, 

68 Debated busyly aboate l^o gifkes ; 

Ladies la^ed fdl loude, Jh)^ ]»y lost haden, 

& he ]7at wan wat^ not wroj^e, }at may ^e wel trawo. 

Alle ]?is mir]?e ]?ay maden to }e mete tyme ; 

72 When )?ay had waschen, worJ?yly ]?ay wenten to seteiy 
pe best bume ay abof, as hit best semed ; 
Whene Guenore fnl gay, gray^ in }e myddes, 
Dressed on ]?e dere des, dubbed al aboute, 

76 Smal sendal bisides, a selure hir ou^ 
Of tryed Tolouse, of Tars tapites in-nogh^, 
pat w6re enbrawded & beten wyth ]?e best gemmes, 
J?at myjt be preued of prys wyth penyes to bye, 

80 in daye ; 

pe comlokest to discrye, 
per glent w*tA yjen gray, 
A semloker }d.t ener he sy^e, 

84 Soth moft no mon say. 



Th«y eekbrate 
tbe New Tear 
irith gsett joy. 



[FoL 92.] 



Gifts are de- 
manded and be* 
stowed. 



Lords and ladles 
take their seats 
at tbe taUe. 



Qaeen OueneTer 
appears gaily 
dressed. 



A lady fidzer of 
form miffht bo 
one say he had 
ever before seen. 



V. 

Bot Arthure wolde not ete til al were seruedi 
He wat^ so loly of his loyfiies, & eam-quat child gered, 
His lif liked hyin ly^t, he louied ]?e lasse 
88 AuJ?^ to lenge lye, or to longe sitte, 

* wcrere, MS. 



Arthur would 
not eat» 



nor would he 
long sit 



4 ABTHUR LONGS FOR AN ADVENTURE. 

So bisied him his pnge blod & his brayn wylde ; 
& also ano]?^ manor meued him eke, 
pat he ]?ur^ nobelay had nomen, he wolde neuer ete 
92 Ypon such a dere day, er hym deuised were 
until he had ^t- Of su»» auenturtf^ Wwg an vncoube tale, 

neased a "won- u o i i 

S*K)me wn^" Of suwt mayn memayle, J?at he myjt trawe, 

Of ^ alderes, of aimes, of o})^ auenturtM, 
96 0\er sum segg hym bi-so^t of sum siker kny^t, 
To loyne wyth hym i« iusty»g in Topard^ to lay, 
Lede lif for lyf, leue vchon o}?^. 
As fortune wolde fulsun hom ]7e fayrer to haue. 
100 pis watj [Jtc] kynges cou>»tenaunce where he i» cowr^ 
were, 
At Tch farand fest amoT^g his fre meny, 

in halle; 

H6 of fa06 BO *•/»/»» i» 

hold makes moch Por-f ore of face SO fere, 

mirth with all. 

[Foi. 92ft.] 104 He sti^tle^ stif in stalle, 

Ful jep i» J?at nw ^ere, 
Muche mirthe he mas wiU alle. 

YI. 

The kin? taika Thus \er stondes hn stale ]?e stif kyng his-seluen, 

' 108 Talkkande bifore ]?e hy^e table of trifles ful hende ; 
Oawayne, There gode Gtiwan watj grtfyj?ed, Gwenore bisyde, 

Agrarayn, & AgTimayn a la dure mayn on j^at o\er syde sittes, 

Bo]?e ]?e kynges sist^ sunes, & ful siker kni^tes ; 
Bishop Bawde- 112 Bischop Bawdewyn abof bi-ginej ]?e table, 
and Twain sit . & Ywau, Yryn SOU, otto wit hymseluen ; 
^ ' pise were dijt on J?e des, & derworJ?ly serued, 

& si]7en mony siker segge at }e sidborde^. 
The first conrse 116 pen "be first cors come with crakkyng of trumpes, 

is serred with "^ * 

cracking of tmm- "Wyth mony baner ful bryjt, J?at J?er-bi henged, 

Nwe nakryn noyse w«t^ \e noble pipes, 
Wylde werbles & wyjt wakned lote, 
120 pat mony hert fill hi^e hef at her towches ; 

1 Of of, in MS. 



I 



THE APPEABANCB OF THE GREEN KNIGHT. 



Dayntes dryuen J^er-wyth of ful dere metes, 

Foysoun of )?e firesche, & on bo fele disches, 

pat pine to fynde ]?e place ]?e peple bi-fome 

124 For to sette }e syluen^,* )?at sere sewes halden, 

on clothe ; 
Iche lede as he loued hyi^t-selne 
per laght wttA-onten lo)?e, 
128 Ay two had disches twelue, 

Good ber, & bryjt wyn boj^e. 

VII. 

Now wyl I of hor semise say yow no more, 

For vch wyje may wel wite no wont J^at }&r were ; 

132 An oj^er noyse ful newe ne^ed biliue, 
J7at ]?e lude my^t haf leue Mode to each. 
For vne)?e watj J^e noyce not a whyle sesed, 
& Jto fyrst cowrce in )?e cowrt k3mdely serued, 

136 J7er hales in at }e halle dor an aghlich mayst^, 
On }e most on }e molde on mesure hygh^ ; 
Fro )?e swyre to ^e swange so sware & so )dk, 
& his lyndes & his lymes so longe & so grete, 

140 HaK etayn in erde I hope ]?at he were. 
Bot men most I algate mynn hym to bene, 
& ]?at }e myriest in his muckel J^at my^t ride ; 
For of bak & of brest al were his bodi stume, 

144 Bot his wombe & his wast were worthily smale, 
& alle his fetures fol^ande, in forme J^at he hade, 

ful clene ; 
For wonder of his hwe men hade, 

148 Set in his semblaunt sene ; 

He ferde as fi*eke were fade, 
& ou^-al enker grene. 

VIII. 

Ande al graj^ed in grene ]as gome & his wedes, 
152 A strayt cote fol street, J^at stek on his sides, 



It consisted of all 
dainties in Bea« 
son. 



Each two had 
dishes twelTe, 

good beer and 
Bright wine both. 



There was no 
want of any- 
thing. 

Scarcely had the 
first course com- 
menced, 



when there 
rushes in at the 
hall-door a 
knight; 



the tallest on 
earth 

[Fol. 98.] 

he must haye 
been. 

SQs back and 
breast were 
great, 

but his belly and 
waist were small. 



He was clothed 
entirely in green. 



sylu^en (?) (dishes). 



6 A HORSE, OREBN AS GRASS, 

fS"h ,K mere mantile abof, meosked w»tA-i»ne, 

Vf tA peltire ptued apert )>e pane ful clene, 

VitA bly}« blau»iwr fdl bryjt, & his hod boJ?e, J 

156 pat watj lajt fro his lokke^, & layde on his Bchulderes ; | 

Heme wel haled, hose of }^at same grene, 

His spurs were of |7at spenet on his sparlijrr, & clene sptires vnder. 

Of bryjt golde, vpon silk hordes, barred M ryche, 
160 & scholes vnder schankes, )?ere J^e schalk rides; 
& alle his vesture uerayly watj olene v^nre, 
Bo)?e )?e barres of his belt & o\er blyj?e stones, 
J7at were richely rayled in his aray clene. 
His saddle was 164 Abontto hywi-self & his sadel, vpon silk werkej, 

embroidered /i -i -i 

with birds and J7at were to tor for to telle of trynes )?e halue, 

flies* 

JJat were enbrauded abof, wyth bryddes & flyjes, 
"With gay gaudi of grene, )?e golde ay iw myddes j 

16^ j?e pendau»tes of his payttrure, }?e proude cropnre, 
His molaynes, & alle ]?e metail anamayld was ]?enne, 
J7e steropes ]?at he stod on, stayned of J^e same, 
& his arsoun^ al after, & his a]?el sturtes, 

172 pat euer glem^ed* & glent al of grene stones. 
The foal that he Y)q fole bat he ferkkes on, fyn of l?at ilke, 

rode upon was ' * ^ » 

green; sertayn ; 

A grene hors gret & J^ikke, 
it was a steed foil 176 A stede fill stif to strayne, 

I» brawden brydel quik, 
[Toi. 93fl.] To )?e gome he watj ful gayn. 

IX. 
Gaily was the Vel gay wat J f is gome gered i» grene, 

knigk attired. ^^^ ^ ^^ j^^^^ ^^ j^.^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ . . 

Fayre fannand fax vmbe-foldes his schulderes ; 
His great beard, A much herd as^ a busk ou^ his brest henges, 
on his breast. pat wyth his hi^lich here, ]?at of his hed reches, 

184 Watj enesed al vmbe-tome, a-bof his elbowes, 

^ glemed (?). ^ as as, in MS. 



CABBIES THE KNIGHT IN 6BEEN. 



J7at half his armes 'per vnder were halched in J^e wyse 
Of a kynge^ capados, J^at closes his swyre. 
pe mane of ]?at mayn hors much to hit lyke, 
188 Wei cresped & ce^amed wyth knottes ful mony, 
Folden in wyth fildore ahoute }?e fayre grene, 
Ay a herle of }e here, an o]^er of golde ; 
pe tayl & his toppy»g twy»nen of a sute, 
192 & hounden bo)?e wyth a bande of a bryjt grene, 
Dubbed wyth ful dere stonej, as )?e dok lasted, 
Sy)?en )?rawen wyth a J^wong a J^warle knot alofte, 
J7er mony bellej ful bryjt of brende golde rungen. 
1 96 Such a fole vpon folde, ne freke J^at hym rydes, 
"Watj neu^r sene in )?at sale wyth syjt or J^at tyme, 

with yje ; 
He loked as layt so ly^t, 
200 So sayd al )?at hjm syje, 

Hit semed as no mon my^t, 
Vnd^r his dyntte^ dryje. 



The horse's mane 
was decked with 
golden threads. 



Its tail was bound 
with a green 
hand. 



Such a foal nor 
a knight were 
neyer before seen. 



It seemed that no 
man might en- 
dare his dinte. 



Whe]^er hade he no helme ne hawb[e]rgh n&uj^er, 

204 ISTe no pysair, ne no plate )?at pented to armes, 

"Ne no schafi;e, ne no schelde, to schwne ne to smyte, 
Bot in his on honde he hade a holyn bobbe, 
J?at is grattest in grene, when greue^ ar bare, 

208 & an az in his oj^er^ a hoge & vn-mete, 

A spetos spar)^e to expoun in speUe quo-so myjt ; 
pe hede of an eln^erde ]^e large lenkj^e hade, 
pe grayn al of grene stele and of golde hewen, 

212 pe bit bumyst bryjt, with a brod egge, 
As wel schapen to schere as schaxp rasores ; 
pe stele of a stif staf )?e stume hit bi-grypte, 
pat watj waunden wyth ym to J?e wande^ ende, 

216 & al bigrauen w»t^ grene, in gr^pcons^ werkes ; 



The knight car- 
ried neither spear 
nor shield. 



In one hand was 
a holly bough, 

in the other an 
axe, 



the edge of which 
was as keen as a 
sharp ra«Hr, 



[Fol. 94.] 

and the handle 
was encased in 



grociOMS (?). 



8 THE GEBEN KNIGHT ASKS FOR THE KING. 

^^^'yOT^^Stif -^ ^^^ lapped aboute, J^at louked at J^e hede, 

^ein^ingracions ^ ^^ ^f^^ ^q talme halched ful ofte, 

Vyth tryed tasselej )?erto tacched iw-nogh^e, 
ThDBarrajredthe 220 On botounj of >e bryjt grene brayden ful ryche. 
Sto! S?!^i, J^is lia>el helde? hjm in, & >e halle entres, 

Driuande to )?e heje dece, dut lie no woJ?e, 
mfl^.*^''^^ Haylsed lie neu^r one, bot lieje he ou<?r loked. 

224 pe fyrst word )?at he warp, " wher is," he sayd, 
?So?^o?' S' ''pe gonemour of >is gywg ? gladly I wolde 

the company, ^ ^^^ ^^^ y^ ^^^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^-^^ 

raysouw." 
228 To knyjtej he kest his yje, 

& reled hym vp & doun, 
and looks for the He stemmed & con studie, 

moat renowned* 

Quo wait ]?er most renou9». 



XI. 

Muoh they mar- 232 Ther watj lokywg on lenl?e, le lude to be-holde, 

yel to see a man 

and a horse Eor Ych mo» had meruayle quat hit mene my^t, 

pat a ha]?el & a horse my^t such a hwe lach, 
as green as grass. As growe grene as ^e gres & grener nit semed, 
236 pen grene aumayl on golde lowande bry^t^r ; 
Al studied tat her stod, & stalked hyw nerre, 

Never before had i r J j 7 

they seen such a Vyth al he wonder of le worlde, what he worch schulde. 

sight as this. y J J 7 

For fele sellyej had fay sen, bot such neu^ are, 
240 For-)?i for fantouw & fayryje }e folk )?ere hit demed ; 

They were afraid Jjer-fore to answare wat J arje mony a)?el freke, 

& al stouned at his steuen, & ston-stil seten, 
In a swogh^ sylence ]7ur^ ]?e sale riche 

SrarS^if^iieep 244 As al Were slypped vpon slope so slaked hor lotej 

had taken poe- • i,—,-. . 

session of thkn ; mhj^e; 

1 deme hit not al for doute, 

and others from Bot suff» for cortaysye, 

courtesy. ^45 ^q^ Iq^ j^y^ j^^^ gj[ schulde loute, 

Cast vnto )?at wyje. 



ARTHUR BIDS HIM WELCOME. 



» 



XII. 

perm Axj^ottr bifore )?e hij dece )?at auenture byholdej, 
& rekenly hjm reu^enced, for rad was he neu^, 

252 & sayde, " wyje, welcnm iwys to J^is place, 
pe hede of )>is ostel Arthowr I hat ; 
Lijt luflych adoun, & lenge, I }e praye, 
& quat so f y wylle is, we schal wyt aft^.'* 

256 "Nay, ashelpme," quoth'j^eha.jfel, **he]7atonhyje syttes, 
To wone any quyle in )?is won, hit watj not my» emde; 
Bot for )?e los of )?e lede is lyft vp so hyje, 
& Yy burj & )?y bumes best ar holden, 

260 Stifest vnder stel-gere on stedes to ryde, 

pe wyjtest and )?e worj^yest of j^e worldes kynde, 
Preue for to play wyth in o]^er pure laykej ; 
& here is kydde cortaysye, as I h'af herd carp, 

264 & )>at hatj wayned me hider, I-wyis, at )^is tyme. 
Je may be seker bi )as brau»ch )?at I here here, 
pat I passe as m pes, & no ply^t seche ; 
For had I founded in fere, in fejtyng wyse, 

268 I haue a haubergh^ at home & a helme bo]?e, 
A schelde, & a schaip spere, schinande bry^t, 
Ande o}er weppenes to welde, I wene wel als, 
Bot for I wolde no were, my wedej ar sofiw. 

272 Bot if ]?ou be so bold as alle bume^ tellen, 
pou wyl grtfnt me godly )?e gomen J?at I ask, 

• bi ry^t." 
Arthowr con onsware, 

276 & sayd, *' syr cortays knyjt, 

If )?ou craue batayl bare, 
Here faylej f on not to fyjt." 



Arthur salutes 
the Green 
Knight, 



(Fol. 946.] 
bids him wel- 
come, and invites 
him to stay 
awhile. 

The knight says 
that he wiU not 
tarry. 



He seeks the 
most vaUant that 
he may prove 
him. 



He oomes in 
peace. 



At home, how- 
ever, he has both 
shield and spear* 



Arthur assures 
him that he shall 
not fall to find an 
opponwt worthy 
of him. 



XIII. 

" Nay, frayst I no fyjt, in fayth I )?e telle, 
280 Hit am aboute on )?is bench bot berdlej chylder ; 
If I were hasped in armes on a he^e stede, 
Here is no mon me to mach, for my^tej so wayke. 



<'Iseeknofight,'* 
says the kmght. 

•* * Here are only 
beardless chil- 
dren.' 

"Here is no man 
to match me. 



10 THE RSQUEST OF THE GREEN KNIGHT. 



For-^ I crane in jia court a crystemas gomen, 
SSTmSy^™'** 284 For hit is jol & nwe jer, & here ar jep mony ; 

If any so hardy in ]?is hotM holde^ hym-seluen, 

cLoQi^ to <^k« ^ ^ bolde in his blod, brayn in hys hede, 
a^oke for an- j^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ strike a strok for an oj^, 

288 I schal gif hjm of my gyft ^s giseme ryche, 
)^.*** ' J^is ax, yat is heu^ in-nogh, to hondel^ as hjm lykes, 

[FoL 9&] & I schal bide ye fyrst bnr, as bare as I sitte. 

If any freke be so felle to fonde J^at I telle, 
292 Lepe lyftly me to, & lach ]ds weppen, 
. . » ^ I Q^t clayme hit for eu^, kepe hit bs his anen. 

but I Bball give ^ J 7 r ^ ^ i 

h^oa istroke* in & I schal stonde hy»» a strok, stif on J^is flet, 

EUe^ yoxL wyl dijt me ^e dom to dele hym an o\ert 
296 barlay ; 

& ^t gif hyin respite, 
SiSSL^^^- Atwehnonyth&aday; 

^^•" Now hyje, & let se tite 

300 Bar any her-inne ojt say." 

XIV. 

Fear kept all If he hem stowned ypon fyrst, stiller were ]?anne 

Alle J» hered-men in halle, \q hyj & ^e lo^ ; 
T^eimight rolled jje renk on his ronnce hyw ruched in his sadel, 

nia TeQ eyea 

about, 304 & runisch-ly his rede yjen he reled aboute, 

briffUy green Bcnde his brescd bro^^ bly-cande grene, 

WaTinghisbeard "Wayued his berdo for to wayte quo-so wolde ryse. 
2J^^ he ex- "When non wolde kepe hy w w«tA carp he co jed f ul hyje, 

308 Ande rimed hym ful richly, & ryjt hy«i to speke : 
A^J SirtT " y(^^ty is )is Ar>ures hotw,'' qwo^A >e ha>el >e«ne, 

*^ j7at al ]?e roiM rennes of, J^ur^ ryalmes so mony ? 
Where is now yotir sotirquydrye & yowr conqnestes, 

312 Your gryndel-layk, & yotir greme, & yowr grete wordes? 
f^lS^^Mhe ^^^ ^ }^ ^^^^ ^ y^ renoun of J?e ronnde table 

SwtoMd ^with Chwr- wait wy th a worde of on wy jes speche ; 
miu?a^a^e^' ^^^ ^ dares for drede, wit^ute dynt schewed ! " 

316 Wyth )^is he la^s so loude, j^at ]?e lorde greued ; 



KINO AKTHUB 18 VERY WBOTH. 



11 



pe bJod aehot iat Bcham m-^to Ida schyre face 

A lore; 
He wex as wroth as wynde, 
320 8o did alle ^^at fex were, 

pe kyng as kene bi kynde, 
pen stod ]mt stif mon nere. 



Arthur blushes 
for shame. 



He waxes as 
wroth as the 
wind. 



XV. 

Ande sayde, " haj^el, by heaen ^n askyng is nys, 
324 & as "povL foly hat) frayst, fynde ]?e be-houes ; 

I know no gome f&t is gast of ]y grete wordes. 

Oif me now fy geseme, ypon gode| halue, 

& I schal bayj^en fy bone, }?at }<m boden habbes." 
328 Ly^tly lepej he hym to, & lajt at his honde ; 

pea feersly Jat oj^er freke vpon fote ly^tis. 

Now hat; Arthuie his axe, & ]?e halme grype^, 

& stnmely stnre; hit abonte, }^at stryke wyth hit ]w;t. 
332 pe stif mon hym bifore stod vpon hyjt, 

Herre ^en ani in Jto hotM by J^e hede & more ; 

Wyth stome schere^ "per he stod, he stroked his berde, 

& wyth a countenannce dry^e he dro; doun his cote, 
336 No more mate ne dismayd for hys mayn dinte;, 

pen say bnme vpon bench hade brojt hym to dr3mk 

of wyne, 
Gawan, ]^at sate bi ^ qnene, 
340 To ]?e kyMg he can enelyne, 

" I bcHseche now WitA sajej sene, 
pis melly mot be myne." 



He aasnres the 
knight that no 
one is afraid of 
his great words. 



[FoL 8S6.] 



Arthur 
axe. 



his 



The knight, 
stroking his 
beard, awaits the 
Idow, and with a 
"dry connten- 
anoe** draws 
down his ooat. 



&T Oawayne be- 
seeches the king 
to let him nnder* 
take the blow. 



XVI. 

" Wolde je, worj^ilych lorde," quoth Gawan to )7e kyng, 
344 " Bid me boje fro Ms benche, & stonde by vow tore, 9» "k? permis- 

' ' -f >' J ' gion to leaye the 

pat I wyth-oute vylanye myjt voyde pis table, *^e» *»« 8ay»» 

& ]^at my legge lady lyked not ille. 



there (?). 



12 SIB GAWAYNE ASKS ARTHUR'S LEAVE 

I wolde com to jour couwseyl, bifore yowr cort ryche. 
it is aot meet 348 For me bink hit not semly, as hit is sol? knawen, 

that Arthur "^ . . 

'^**h ^ ^*®*^^® per such an asky»g is heuened so hy^ in your sale, 

J7aj ^ jowr-self be talenttyf to take hit to yot^r-seluen, 

bSd^onesri?'^ Whil mony so bolde yow aboute vpon bench sytten, 

upon bench. 352 j^at vnder heuen, I hope, non ha^er er of wylle, 

Ne bett^ bodyes on bent, )?er baret is rered ; 

Although the I am l?e wakkest, I wot, and of wyt feblest, 

weakest, he is ' ' ' J > 

quite ready to & lest luT of my lyf, quo laytcs \q so)?e, 

meet ciie ureeii ^^ 

Knight. 356 Bot for as much as ^ ar myn em, I am only to prayse, 

No bounte bot yowr blod I in my bode knowe ; 
& sy)?en J^is note is so nys, J?at nojt hit yow falles^ 
& I haue frayned hit at yow fyrst, foldej hit to me, 
360 & if I carp not comlyly, let alle J^is cort rych, 

bout blame." 
The nobles en- Eychc to-geder con rou», 

treat Arthur to o t 1 ji -i 11 

"give Gawayne & sypen pay redden alle same, 

e game. ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ky«g wyth crouw, 

& gif Gawaa ]?e game. 

XVII. 

[Foi. 96.] ]?en comaunded \q kyng ]?e knyjt for to ryse ; 

& he ful radly yp ros, & ruchched hjm fayre, 
m wng giTw 368 Kneled dou» bifore )?e ky»g, & cachej )?at weppen ; 
weapon, & ^e luflyly hit hyw laffc, & lyfte vp his honde, 

& gef hym godde; blessyng, & gladly hy^ biddes 

kec *hMa?Sid" ^^^ ^ ^^^ * ^^ honde schulde hardi be boj^e. 
hand steady. 372 '<Kepe fe cosyn,'' (luoth >e kywg, ")?at \ovl on kyrf 

sette, 
& if )>ou redej hyw ryjt, redly I trowe, 
pat \ou Bchal byden )?e bur J^at he schal bede affc^." 
Gawan got^ to \q gome, with giseme in honde, 
376 & he baldly hy»* bydej, he bayst neu^r \e helder. 
^ght^quireg V^^ carppej to syr Gawan >e knyjt i» >e grene, 

^®^® °' ^ ** Kefourme we oure forwardes, er we fyrre passe. 
^>^« I U}o I Fyrst I e^ }?e, ha]?el, how )?at \om hattes, 



TO DEAL THE OREEN KNIQHT A BLOW. 



13 



380 pat }ou me telle truly, as I tryst may ?" 

" In god fayth," quoth >e goode knyjt, " Gawan I hatte, S^PSJ'^tS^^ 
pat bede >e >is buflfet, quat-so bi-fallej affer, S^iJliiuiSg^'to 

& at >is lyme twelmonyth take at >e sno^er, f Jfoi^ '^^^^ 

384 Wyth what weppen so }oxi wylt, & wyth no wyj ellej, 

on lyue." 
J?at o)?w onswarej agayn, 
" Sir Gawan, so mot I f ryue, 
388 As I am ferly fayn, 

pis dint Jat )?on schal dryue." 



The other thereof 
is glad. 



XVIII. 

**Bi gog," quoth Jto grene knyjt, "syr Gawan, me lykes, 
pat I schal fange at }j ^st j^at I haf frayst here ; 

392 & l^n hat^ redily rehersed, bi resoun ful trwe, 
danly al ^ couenannt }e,t 1 ]?e kynge asked, 
Saf ]?at ]?ou schal siker me, segge, by "pi traw]?e, 
pat ^u schal seche me ]d-self, where-so }o\i hopes 

396 I may be fiinde vpon folde, & foch "pe such wages 
As }ou deles me to day, bifore )?is dou}?e ryche." 
^' Where schulde I wale ]«," quoth Gnuan, '^ where is 

)?y place ? 
I wot neu^ where pou wonyes, bi hyi» J^at me wrojt, 

400 Fe I know not J^e, knyjt, J^y cort, ne pi name. 

Bot teche me truly ]7er-to, & telle me howe pon hattes, 
& I schal ware alle itLj wyt to wynne me ]?eder, 
& )?at I swere pe for so]?e, & by my sekeir trawe]?." 

404 '^ pat is in-nogh in nwe ^er, hit nodes no more," 
Q/uoth pe gome in pe grene to Gawan pe hende, 
" Gif I pe telle trwly, quen I pe tape haue, 
& pou me smo]?ely hat^ smyten, smartly I pe teche 

408 Of my hotM, & my home, & m3m owen nome, 
pen may paa frayst my fare, & forwarde| holde, 
& if I spende no speche, J^enne spede^ pou pe bett^, 
For pou may leng in pj londe, & layt no fyrre, 

412 bot slokes ; 



'^It pleases me 
well, Sir Ga- 
wayne," says the 
Oreen Knight, 
"that I shall re- 
oeiye a blow from 
thyflst; 
but thou must 
swear that thoa 
wilt seek me. 



to reoeive the 
blow in return.*' 

<* Where shall I 
seek thee T" says 
Sir Oawayne ; 



"teU me thy 
name and abode 
and I will find 
thee.»» 

[Fol. 96».] 



*« When thou 
hast smitten 
me," says the 
knight, "then 
tell I thee of my 
home and name ; 



if I speak not at 
all, so muioh the 
better for thee. 



14 QAWATB^E BEHEADS THE GREEN KNIGHT. 



Trite now tinr Ta BLOW fy gry^wme tole to )^e, 

us see how thou & let 86 how "boxi cnokej." 

" Gladly syr, for so)^," 
416. Quoth Gawan ; his ax he strokes. 



XIX. 

The Oieen The grene kny;t ypon gronnde graybely hym dresses. 

Knight 

A littel lut with ^e hede, ^e lore he diskou^re^ 
pate i^tow His longe louelych lokkej he layd ou^ his croun, 

and uyBhurehis 420 Let }?e naked nee to ye note schewe. 

Ganan gripped to his ax, & gederes hit on hy^t, 
pe kay fote on ]?e folde he be-fore sette, 

S Wfr*^*** **** ^^ ^* ^^^^ fyf^y tyj** ^^ f® naked, 

424 pat }e scharp of Jto schaik schyndered ^e bones, 

h^ ftom'tbe* & schrank Jiirj Je schyire greee, & scade hit i» twy»ne, 

'^^^y- J7at ]?e bit of ^ broun stel hot on )?e gion^e. 

Thehead iSEOisto pe fayre hede fro }e haloe hit [felle] to ^e er]«, 

the earth. 

Manykiokitaside 428 t>at felo hit foyned wyth her fete, l^ere hit forth roled ; 

with theif wet. 

pe blod brayd fro }e body, yat blykked on ye grene ; 
The^giiAitfTap & naw^r faltered ne fel J?e fireke neu^-^-helder, 

Bot Btyyij he start forth ypon styf schonkes, 
aSzea^^h^' 4S2 & ra[n]yschly he rajt out, yere as renkkej stoden, 

La^t to his lufly hed, & lyft hit vp sone ; 

& syj^n bo^e; to his blonk, ye brydel he cachche^ 
^^to the Steppej in to stel have & strydej alofte, 

holding the while 436 & his hede by he here in his honde halde) ; 

the head in hia • J t / > 

hand hy the hair» ^ ^g sadly ]?e segge hjm in his sadel sette. 

As non Tnhap had hym ayled, y&f hedle| ho we,' 

in stedde ; 
and tons his 440 fie bravde his blnk' aboate, 

hone ahout. *' 

J?at vgly bodi y^t bledde, 
[Foi. 97.] Moni on of hy*» had doute, 

Bi yat his resounj were redde. 

» he were (?) or nowe (?). » blimk (?). 



THE HEAD OPENS ITS EYELIDS. 

444 For )7e hede in his honde he halde; vp euen, 
To-ward ]?e derrest on ]?e dece he dresse; }e face, 
& hit lyfte vp J^e yje-lyddej, & loked ful brode, 
& meled "j^us much with his muthe, as |e may now here. 

448 " Loke, Gawan, ^ou be grayj?e to go as j?du hette;, 
& layte as lelly til ]^ovi me, lude, fynde, 
As jfou hat^ hette in ]?is halle, herande J^ise kny^tes ; 
To ^e grene chapel ]70u chose, I charge "pe to fotte, 

452 Such a dunt as ]?oa hat^ dalt disserued ]^ou habbej, 
To be jederly golden on nw feres mom ; 
pe knyft of ]?e grene chapel men knowen me mony ; 
For-Ji me for to fynde if }»ou fraystej, faylej j?ou neu^, 

456 per-fore com, o)^er recreaimt be calde pe be-houes.'^ 
With a runisch rout ]^ raynef he tome; , 
Hailed out at ^ hal-dor, his hed in his hande, 
pat pe fyr of ]?e flynt flaje fro fcde houes. 

460 To quat kyth he be-com, knjXjwe non J7ere, 

'Nener more J^en j?ay wystefr^m quej^en he wat^ wonnen; 

what JTCitne ? 
J7e kyfig & Qawen }?are, 

464 At }B,t grene J^ay la^e & grenne, 

Jet breued watf hit M bare, 
A m^ruayl among po menne. 

XXI. 

J7af Aiy&r ^ hende kyng at hert hade ^^[Ofider, 
468 He let no semblaunt be sene, hot sayde fill hy)e 

To ^ comlych quene, wytii oortays speche, 

'' Dere dame, to day demay yow neu^ ; 

Wei by-commes such craft vpon crtstmasse, 
472 Laykyng of ent^ludef , to la^e & to syng. 

Among J^ise, kynde caroles of knyfte^ & ladyef ; 

Keu^-]?e-lece to my mete I may me wel dres, 

For I haf sen a selly, I may not fornsake.'' 
476 He glent ypon syr Gawen, ft gaynly he sayde, 



15 



The b«ad Ufto up 
itBeyelidA, 



and addresses fflr 
Gawayne ; **Look 
fhoa, be ready to 
Ro as thoa bast 
promiaed, 

axid seek till thou 
indeet me. 

Get thee to the 
Green Chapel, 



there to reeeive 
a blow on New 
Teal's mom. 



FaM 



CoBae, or reereant 
beoaUed.** 



The Greea 

Knight then 

rashes out of the 

hall, his head in /. ^ 

Ids hand. |J^ .i^jJU-C f^* 



At that green one 
Arthur and Ga- 
wavne "laugh 
and grm." 



:>J-94 



Aithiv addresses 
the queen: 



''Dear dame, be 
not dismayed; 
suoh marrels 
well become the 
Christmas liBS- 
tiTsl; 



I may now go to 
meat. 



16 MUCH TALK FOLLOWS THIS ADVENTURE. 

hwi^^^u^ffie ^ ^^^ ^y^» heng vp yjn ax, J^at hatj i»-nogh hewen/' 

"«•" |.p^j gyj , & hit watj don abof J^e dece, on doser to henge, 

p&r alle men for m^mayl myjt on hit loke, 
480 & bi trwe tytel J^'-of to telle Je wonder. 
The king and his penne l?ay boied to a borde Hse bumes to-geder, 

knights Bit feaat- r r J ? r 07 

*?if 5* *^® ^"^ P® tyng & jfe gode knyjt, & kene men hew serued 
e^^^' Of alle dayntyej double, as derrest myjt falle, 

484 Wyth alle manor of mete & mynstralcie bo)?e ; 
Wyth wele wait J^ay j^at day, til worj^ed an ende, 

in londe. 
Now beware, Sir Now bonk wol, Bvr G^awan, 

O&w&ime lest 

thou fail to seek 488 Por wol?e bat l^u ne wonde, 

the adventure . 

that thou hast pis auentuTO foito fravn, 

taken in hand. ^ •' ' 

pat ]?ou hat^ tan on honde. 



I 



[FYTTE THE SECOITO.] 

I. 
This marvel fTlHIS hansoUtf hat? Arthnr of auenturus on fyrst, 

serves to keep up | ' ^ ' 

abriskainversa- 492 -L In ^nge jer, for he ^emed jelpy»g to here, 

Tha^ hym wordej were wane, when J^ay to sete wenten; 
Now ar )?ay stoken of stume work staf-fiil her bond. 
Gbwan watj glad to be-gy»ne )?08e gomne^ in halle, 
496 Bot )?aj }e ende be heuy, haf je no wonder ; 
ef, cO uyh^ ^ »»v^. For Jaj man ben mery in mynde, quen )?ay han mayn 

The y^ passes A jere jemes fill jeme, & ^elde^ neu^ lyke, 
never returns. pe forme to be fynisment folde^ ful selden. 

600 ror-)?i J^is jol ou^-jede, & )?e jere aftw, 
& Tche sesonn serlepes sued after oper ; 
cOTMsthe^OTftS! After crysten-masse com }e crabbed lentoun, 
bed i^ten.»» p^^ fraystcj flcsch wyth }7e fysche & fode more symple ; 

504 Bot )?ewne )?e weder of )?e worlde wyth wynter hit J^repej, 
springsetsinand Colde clengej adoun, cloudej vp-lyften, 

warm showers , 

descend ; Schyrc schedcj }?e rayn m schowrej ful warme, 



4 



PESCBIFTION OF THE SEASONS. 



17 



Falle^ Tpon fayre flat, flowre^ ]?6Te schewen, 
508 Bo]?e grounded & ]?e grenej grene ar her wedej, 
Bryddej busken to bylde, & bremlycli syngen, 
Eor solace of }e softe som^ ]7at sues ^r-ait^, 

bi bonk ; 
512 & blossume^ bolne to blowe, 

Bi rawej rych & ronk, 
pen note^ noble in-noje, 
Ar herde in wod so wlonk. 



The groTM be- 
come green; 
Birds build and 
sing, 

for Joy of the 
gammer that fol- 
lows; 

Bloeaoms begin 
to bloom, 

and noble notes 
are heard in the 
"Woods. 

[Fol. 96.] 



II. 

616 After ]^e sesoun of som^ wyth ]?e soft wyndej, 
Quen ^eferiM syflej byw-self on sede^ & erbej, 
"Wela-wywne is )?e wort J^at woxes J^er-oute, 
When ye donkande dewe dropej of }?e leue^, 

520 To bide a blysfcd. blusch of }e bry^t sunne. 
Bot ]^9» hy^es heraest, & hardenes hym sone, 
"Wamej hym for ^e wynter to wax fol rype ; 
He dryues wyth drojt }e dust for to ryse, 

624 Ero Je face of the folde to flyje ful hyje ; 

WroJ?e wynde of }e welkyn wrastelej w«tA Je smute, 
pe leuc^ lancen fro )?e lynde, & lyjten on ]?e gronitde, 
& al grayes ]?e gres, ]?at grene wat^ ere ; 

628 penne al rypej & rotej y&t ros vpon fyrst, 
& yus pme^ ]?e ^ere in jisterdayej mony^ 
& wynter wynde^ ^^J^i as ye worlde aske^ 

no sage. 

632 Til me^el-mas mone^ 

Vatj cumen wyth wynter wage ; 
J7en ]?enkke^ Gnwan fal sone, 
Of his aniotM uyage. 



After the soft 
winds of summer, 



beautiful are the 
flowers wet with 
dew drops. 



But harvest ap« 
proaches soon. 



and drires the 
dust about. 



The leaves drop 
off the trees, 

the grass be- 
comes gray, 

and all ripens and 
rots. 



Winter winds 
round again, 



and then Sir Ga- 
wayne thinks of 
his dread jour- 
ney. 



III. 

636 Jet quyl al-hal-day wttA Ax}&r he lenges, 

& he made a fare on ^at fest, for ]?e freke^ sake, 
With much reuel & ryche of J^e ronnde table ; 



On All-hallows 
day Arthur 
makes a feast for 
his nephew's 
sake. 



18 GAWAYNE PREPARES FOB HIS JOURNEY. 

Eny^te^ fol coitays & comlych ladies, 
540 Al f or luf of )?at lede in longynge J?ay were, 

Bot neu^-J^e-lece ne )7e hier }?ay neuened bot iiwrj?e, . 

Mony ioylej for Jat ientyle iapej )>er maden. J 

Qmjne^kxu' ^^' afttcr mete, wttA mowmyng he melej to his erne, 
JS^ to his g^^ ^ spekej of his passage, & pertly he sayde, 
1 ^k'^MT^'^f " Now, lege lorde of my lyf, leue I yow ask ; 
T^^ Je knowe fe cost of )?is cace, kepe I no more \ 

To teUe yow tenej Jyer-of neiwr bot tnfel ; 

£e mSSTiS ^^® ^0* I "^ ^oii» to >® ^^ ^a^ly to mome, 
Kd^t»^ To sech }?e gome of )?e grene, as god wyl me wysse." 

penne fe best of )?e burj bo^ed to-geder, 
Aywan, & Enik, & o}er fill mony, 
[F6L 9».] 552 Syr Doddioanal de Sauage, ]?e duk of Clarence, 

Launcelot, & Lyonel, & Lucan ]?e gode, * 

Syr Boos, & sir Byduer, big me9» boj^e, 
£t orS2^SiS! * ™ony o}&r menskfiil, with Mador de la Port. 
forthSL?**^"'" ^^6 AUe >iB compayny of court com >e kyng nerre, 

For to cou»seyl }e knyjt, with care at her hert ; J, 

pimiUi?^ pere wat^ much derue^ doel driuen in }e sale, 

pat so worthe as Wawan schulde wende on }a.t emde, i 

560 To dryje a delfiil dynt, & dele no more ! 

wyth bronde. f 

pe knyjt mad ay god chore, \ 

& sayde, *^ quat schuld I wonde, I 

dares that he hu 564 Of destines derf & dere, 

What may mon do bot fonde ?" 



nothing to fear. 



r 



IV. 

On ^8 mom he He dowcllej J^cr al J^at day, and dressej on )?e mom, ^ 

Askej erly hys armej, & alle were J^ay brojt * 

ifSflJ^r*** ^^^ ^fV«t a tule tapit, tyjt ou^ >e flet, | 

& miche wat^ ]?e gyld gere J^at glent 'per alofte ; | 

Sctmo.***^ P® ^^ ^^^ steppej )?eron, & Jto stel hondele;, 



deme (?). 



HE IS DUBBED IN HIS ARMOUR. 



19 



Dubbed in a dublet of a dere tars, 
572 & 8y)?eii a crafby capados, closed aloft, 

J7at wyth a bry^t blaunner was bounden witA-inne ; 
J^enne set ^aj ]?e sabatoun^ ypon ]?e segge fote^, 
» His lege} lapped in stel with luflych greue^, 
676 With polaynej piched )>er-to, policed ful clene, 
Aboute his kne^ knaged wyth knote^ of golde ; 
Queme quyssewes )?en, J^at coyntlych closed 
His thik )?rawen J^'jej, w*tA J^wonges to-tacbched ; 
580 & sy}?en )?e brawden bryne of bryjt stel ryngej, 
Vmbe-weued y&t wyj, vpon wlonk stufife ; 
& wel bomyst brace vpon his boje armes, 
With gode cowters & gay, & glouej of plate, 
584 & alle ^e godlych gere ]?at hym gayn schulde 

J^at tyde ; 
Vyth ryche cote ammre, 
His gold spore^ spend with pryde, 
588 Guide wyth a bront ful sure, 

With silk sayn vmbe his syde. 



He is dabbed In 
a doublet of Tar- 
sic Bilk, and a 
well made hood. 



They set steel 
shoes on his feet, 
and lap his legs 
in steel greaves. 



Fair cnisses en- 
close his thighs, 



and afterwards 
they put on the 
steel habei^eon* 

weU-bnmished 
braces, elbow 
pieces ,andgloTes 
of plate. 



Over all this is 

placed the coat 

armour. 

His spurs are 

then fixed, 

and his sword is 

attached to his 

side by a silken 

girdle. 



V. 

When he watj hasped in armes, his hamays wat; ryche, 
pe lest lachet ou[]?]^ loupe lemed of golde ; 

592 So hamayst as he wat^ he herkne^ his masse, 
Offired & honoured at J^e heje auter ; 
SyJ^en he come^ to ^e kyng & to his cort ferej, 
Lache^ lufly his leue at lordej & ladyej ; 

596 & )?ay hym kyst & conueyed, bikende hjm to kryst. 
Bi J^at watj Gryngolet grayth, & gurde with a sadel, 
J7at glemed ful gayly with mony golde frenges. 
Ay quere naylet ful nwe for fat note ryched ; 

600 pe brydel barred a-boute, with bryjt golde bounden ; 
pe apparayl of J^e payttrure, & of ]?e proude skyrte^, 
pe cropore, & }e couertor, acorded wyth )?e arsounej ; 

4 

& al watj rayled on red ryche golde naylej, 
604 J7at al glytered & glent as glem of }e sunne. 



[Fol. 99a.] 
Thus arrayed the 
knight hears 
mass. 



and afterwards 
takes leave of 
Arthur and his 
court. 



By that time bis 
horse Gringolet 
was ready. 



the harness of 
which glittered 
like the "gleam 
of the sun.*' 



20 THE PENTANGLE OF PURE GOLD. 

Then Sir Ga- penne henteB he J^e helme, & hastilj hit kysses, 

hdmet upon his pat watj stapled stifly, & stoffed wyth-i»ne ; 

tened behind ^^* ^*^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ hede, hasped bihynde, 

Mon ** **^^' ^^® Wyth a lyjt lyn vrysouw ouer }e auentayle, 1 

ridUy emhroi- Enbrawden & bonnden wyth }?e best gemme|, 

On brode sylkyn horde, & brydde^ on seme^, 
As papiaye^ paynted pemywg bitwene, 
612 Tortors & trulofe^ entayled so ^yk, 

As mony burde ]?er-aboute had ben senen wynt^ 

in tonne ; 
Theeireie around pe cerde wat^ more prys, 

the helmet waa 

decked with dia- 616 fat vmbe-clypped hys cronn, 

isonds* 

Of diamannte^ a denys, 

J?at bo)?e were bryjt & bronn. 

VI. 
Then they thow Thenbayschewedhym]7eschelde,]?atwasofschyrgonle}, i 

him hia shield i, 

with the "pent- 620 Wyth J?e pentangel de-paynt of pnre golde hwej ; 

angle" of pure 

sold. He brayde^ hit by )?e baude-ryk, a-boute }?e hals kest^, 

pat bisemed ]?e segge semlyly fayre. 
The"j^bmgie» & qj^j ^q pentangel apendej to )?at prynce noble, 

SS?Sf troth. ^^^ I am in tent yow to telle, >of tary hyt me schulde ,' 

Hit is a syngne J^at Salamon set snm-quyle. 
In bytoknyng of traw)?e, hi tytle )?at hit habbe^, 
[Fd. 9».] For hit is a figure ]?at haldej fyue poyntej, 

628 & vche lyne vmbe-lappej & loukej in o}er, 
It }» «^ed the & ay quere hit is eindelej,* & Englych hit callen 

Ou^-al, as I here, ]?e endeles knot. 
"Fot-Yj hit acordej to ]?is knyjt, & to his cler arme;, 
632 For ay faythful in fyue & sere fyue syjTej, 
Se^od^Sr^Ga! Gawan watj for gode knawen, & as golde pured, 
^*3"*^ Yoyded of vche vylany, wyth vertuej ennowmed 

in mote; 
636 ror-)?y }e pentangel nwe 

He her in schelde & cote, 

^ emdele} (?). 



SIR GAWAYNE S FAULTLESS CHARACTEB. 



21 



As talk of tale most trwe, 
& gentylest knyjt of lote. 



a knight the 
tmett of Bpeeeih 
and the ndreat 
of fonn* 



VII. 

640 Fyrst he watj fimden fautlej in his fyue wyttej, 
& efte fayled neu^ ]?e freke in his fyue fyngres, 
& alle his afyaunce ypon folde watj in ]^ fyue woundej 
pat cryst ka^t on }e ctojs, as }e crede telle} ; 

644 & quere-so-eii^ J^ys mon in melly watj stad. 
His yro }K>}t waij in }&iy }ui^ alle o}&r ]^nge}, 
pat alle his forsnes he fong at J^e fyue ioye;, 
pat }e hende heueu queue had of hir chylde ; 

648 At J^is cause }e kny^t comlyche hade 

In ye more half of his schelde hir ymage depaynted, 
J7at quen he blusched J^erto, his belde neu^ payred. 
pe fyrst^ fyue }at I finde Jat }e trek vsed, 

652 Watj fraunchyse, & felafschyp for-be* al }jng; 
Has clannes & his coitaysye croked were neu^, 
& pite, Jat passes alle poyntej, )?yse pure fyue 
Were harder happed on ]?at ha]^ }en on any ojpdr. 

656 !N'owalle]7esefyuesy]'e}, forso]?e, were fetled on]ns knyjt, 
& Ychone halched in cipery "pat non ende hade, 
& fyched ypon fyue poynte^, "pat fayld neu#r, 
Ne samned neu^ in no syde, ne sundred nouj^r, 

660 WttA-outen ende at any noke [a]i quere fynde, 
Where-eu^ pe gomen bygan, or glod to an ende. 
per-fore on his schene schelde schapen wat; pe knot, 
pus alle wyth red golde ypon rede gowle^, 

664 J7at is pe pure pentaungel wyth pe peple caUed, 

wttA lore. 
iN'ow grayped is Gawan gay, 
& la^t his launce ryjt J^ore, 

668 & gef hem alle goud day. 

He wende for eu^ more. 



He was found 
ftiultless in hia 
ftre -wita. 

His tmst waa in 
the five wounds. 



The image of the 
Yii^ia waa de- 
picted upon his 
shield. 



In cleanness and 
courtesy he waa 
never found 
wanting, 



therefore was the 
endless knot fast- 
ened on his 
shield. 

[Fol. 100.] 



Sir Gawayne 
seizes his lane* 
and Uds all 
••good day.»» 



fyft, in MS. 



« for-bi (?). 



22 GAWAYNE SETS OUT ON HIS JOURNEY. 



vni. 

H« spurs hia He spened be sted w*t^ he spurej, & sprong on his way, 

horse and goes on ^ * j s. tf ± ^ 

^ ^ay- So stif )?at Je ston fyr stroke out )?er-aft^r ; 

AU that saw that 672 Al bat 86) bat seinly syked in hert, 

seemly one ' ' 

mourned in their & sayde so)>ly al Same segges til o)?tfr, 

Garande for J^at comly, ** bi kryst, hit is scaj^e, 
pat yon, leude, schal be lost, 'pat art of lyf noble ! 
Sa7h?r^iS ^^^ '^^ fynde hys fere vpon folde, in fayth is not epe ; 
found u* on ^ "Worloker to baf wrojt had more wyt bene, 

*"^^- & haf dyjt jonder dere a duk to haue wor)?ed ; 

he«a*befter*tor ^ lowande lodor of ledo} in londe hyw wel semej, 

?£i?e?5ri^ 680 & so had bettor haf ben >en britned to nojt, 
than to die by the Hadet wyth an aluisch mon, for angarde) pryde. 
eShdsh man."* Who knew eu^ any kyng such counsel to take. 

As kny^te) in caueloun^ on cryst-masse gomne^ ! " 
wm wter*that ^^^ ^®^ much watj J^e warme water pat waltw^ed of yjen, 
^^^"^ *^ When >at semly syre so jt fro >o wonej 

)?at^ daye ; 
He made non abode, 
688 Bot wyjtly went hys way, 

?wS2?SS^ ^^^y wylsuw way he rode, 

Sir Gawayne. p^ ^^ ^ j j^gj^j^ g^y^ 



IX. 

Now rides the l^ow ridej Jis ronk Jmr J pe ryahne of Logres, 

E * bSJd°* ^^^ ®y^ Gauan on gode) halue, pa^ hjm no gomen bojt ; 

Oft, leudle} alone, he lenge^ on ny^te^, 
He has no com- P^^ ^® fondo uojt hyw byfore pe fare j?at he lyked ; 
g^ hut his Hade he no fere bot his fole, bi frythej & douwej, 

No men does he ^^^ ^^ ^^ &>Tai^ bot god, bi gate wyth to karp, 
S«^eB^ nS?Si Til >at he nejed fal nogh(> « i« to >e ]!^or>e Walej ; 

^^^' Alle pe iles of Anglesay on lyfb half he haldej, 

& farej ouar pe fordej by pe for-londej, 

» >adj in MS. « nygh* (?). 



^ 



MANY ADVENTURES BEFALL HIM. 



23 



700 Oner at }e Holy-Hede, til lie hade effc bonk 

In }e wyldrenesse of Vyrale ; wonde )?er hot lyte 
J?at Auyer god o]^er gome wyth goud hert louied. 
& ay lie frayned, as he ferde, at frekej J^at he met^ 
704 If )?ay hade herde any karp of a knyjt grene, 
In any grounde )?er-aboute, of Je grene chapel;^ 
& al nykked hjm wyth nay, ]?at ueuer in her lyue 
J?ay seje nen^ no segge Jat watj of suche hwej 
708 of grene. 

pe kny^t tok gates strannge, 
In mony a bonk ynbene, 
His cher fed oft con chaunge, 
712 J?at chapel er he myjt sene. 



From Holyhead 
he passes into 
Wirral. 

[Pol. 1005.1 
There he finds 
batfew that loved 
God or man. 

He enquires after 
the Green Knight 
of the Green 
Chapel, 

bat can gain no 
tidings or him. 



His cheer oft 
changed before 
he found the 
Chapel. 



X. 

Mony klyf he ou^r-clambe in contraye^ straunge, 
Per fLoten fro his isende^ fremedly he ryde^ ; 
At vche war)?e o)?er wat^ }er }e wyje passed, 

716 He fonde a foo hjm byfore, bot ferly hit were, 
& ]?at so foule & so felle, }&t fe^ hym by-hode ; 
So mony m^niayl bi mount ^er )?e mon fyndej, 
Hit were to tore for to telle of }?e ten)?e dole. 

720 Sumwhyle wyth worme^ he werrej, & w»t^ wolues als, 
Sumwhyle wyth wodwos, bat woned in j?e knarre;, 
BoJtc wyth bulle^ & berej, & borej oj^-quyle, 
& etayne^, )»at hyn» a-nelede, of J^e he^e felle ; 

724 Nade he ben da^ty & dryje, & dryjtyn had serued, 
Douteles he hade ben ded^ & drepcd fdl ofte. 
For werre wrathed hym not so much, )>at wynt^ was 

wors, 
When "pe colde cler wat^ fro "pe cloude^ schadden, 

728 & fres er hit falle myjt to }e Me erpe ; 

iN'er slayn wyth pe slete he sloped in his ymes, 
Mo nyjte^ pen in-nogh^ in naked rokke^. 



Manv a cliff he 
climbed over ; 



Many a ford and 
stream he cross- 
ed, and every- 
where he found a 
foe. 

It were too tedi- 
ous to tell the 
tenth part of his 
adventures, 

with serpents, 
wolves, and wild 
men; 

with bulls, bears, 
and boars. 



Had henot been 
both brave and 
good, doubtless 
he had been dead. 

The sharp winter 
was far worse 
than any war tbat 
ever troubled 
him. 



clapel, in MS. 



24 GAWATNE COMES TO A DEEP FOREST. 

per as clat^rande fro ]?e crest J^e colde borne renne;, 
732 & henged he^e ou^ his hede in hard ysse-ikkles. 
tX^^J^l P^s i» peryl, & payne, & plytes M harde, 
mas-eve. jgj contray caryej )?is knyjt, tyl kryst-masse euen, 

al one; 
736 pe knyjt wel }at tyde, 

MarVV^ to To Mary made his mone, 

Sr abSde? pat ho hjm red to ryde, 

[Foi. 101.] & wysse hym to sum wone. 



XI. 

On the mom Sir 740 Bi a mouwte on Je mome meryly he rydes, 
himse^in a deep Into a forest fol dep, J^at ferly wat^ wylde, 

forest* 

Hi^e hille^ on Tche a halue, & holt wode^ vnder, 
where were old Of hore okej ful hoge a himdreth to-geder ; 

oaks many a t ^ ^ ^ 

hundred. 744 pe hasel & ye ha^-]?ome were harled al samen, 

With roje raged mosse rayled ay- where, 

m^bare t^^^ WttA mony bryddo} vnbly}?e vpon bare twyges, 

F^ke^iSd?^'^ pat pitosly >er piped for pyne of >e colde. 

748 pe gome vpon Gryngolet glydej hem vnder, 

Throngrh manj a pm^ mouj misy & myre, mo» al hy»» one, 

he may oeiehrate Carande for his costes, lest he ne keuar schxilde, 

the birth of ' ' 

chruu To se ye seruy^ of }?at syre, J>at on J?at self ny^t 

752 Of a bnrde watj borne, onre baret to quelle ; - 
Hebweecheethe & ]?erfore sykywg he sayde, " I be-seche ye, lorde, 
^^lodSi?* ^ Mary, j?at is myldest moder so dere, 

hw m^* ™*7 Of Bum herber, yei hejly I myjt here masse. 

756 Ande ^y matyne^ to-mome, mekely I ask, 
& Jer-to prestly I pray my pat^ & aue, 

& crede.*' 
He rode in his prayere, 
760 & cryed for his mysdede, 

hJr^S^^^^SS^ He sayned hyw in syj^es sere, 

o^^ Christ, spee ^ gayde " cros kryst me spede !" 

^ seruyce (?), 



HE DISCOVERS A CX)MELY CASTLE. 



25 



XII. 



Scarcely had he 
blessed himself . 
thrice. 



when he saw a 
dwelling in the 
wood, set <m a 
hill, 

the eomelifist 
castle he had ever 
beheld. 



Nade he sayned hy«»-self, segge, hot j^rye, 
764 Er he watj war in J^e wod of a won in a mote. 

Abof a launde, on a lawe, loken ynder bo;e|, 

Of mony borelych bole, aboute bi }e diehes ; 

A castel ]?e comlokest )»at eu^ kny^t a^te, 
768 Pyched on a prayere, a park al aboute, 

W^t*a£^jedjB;daj8.:EEBedM.],ik, ^:J^if;-^X%^'y 
pat vmbe-teje mony tre mo "pen two myle. 
J7at holde on 'pa.t on syde f^e ha]7el auysed, 
772 As hit schemered & schon bur? be schyre oke?; '* *^^ •* *?« 

J f M J fy sun through the 

penne hatj he hendly of his helme, & hejly he J^onke^ bright oaks. 
Jesus & say[nt] Gilyan, }?at gentyle ar bo)?e, 
pat cortaysly hade hjm kydde, & his cry herkened. [Poi. ioi».] 
776 '*!N'owbonehostel,"co]7e]?ebume,*'Ibe-secheyowjetter' 
penne gedere^ he to Gryngolet with Jye gilt hele^, 
& he fill chauncely hat; chosen to J^e chef gate, 
pat brojt bremly )?e bume to "pe bryge ende, 
780 in haste ; 

pe bryge watj breme vp-brayde, 
pe ;ate; wer stoken faste, 
pe wallej were wel arayed, 
784 Hit dut no wyndej blaste. 



CSrCawaynegoes 
to the chief gate, 



and finds the 
draw-bridge 
raised, and the 
gates shat fast. 



XIII. 

pe bume bode on bonk, pat on blonk honed, 
Of pe depe double dich pat drof to pe place, 
pe walle wod in J^e wat^ wonderly depe, 

788 Ande eft a ful huge hejt hit haled vpon lofte. 
Of harde hewen ston vp to J^e table}, 
Enbaned vnder pe abataylment, in pe best lawe ; 
& syj^en garyte; ftd gaye gered bi-twene, 

792 Wyth mony luflych loupe, pat louked ful clone ; 
A bett^ barbican pat bume bliisched ypon neudr ; 
& innermore he be-helde J^at halle ful hyje, 



Thekaightabides 
on the Eumk, 



and observes the 
<'hnge height,'* 



with its battle- 
ments and watch 
towers. 







26 THE KiaOHT CRAYJSa A LODGING. 

Bright and long TowTC telded bvtwene trochet M Wk, At4^. if^t^i^f^-h 

were its round •' - ' ' 

towert, 796 Fayre fylyolej fat fyjed, & ferlyly long, 

m^ *^*uids*"' W^ith coruon coprouwes, craftyly sleje ; 

Chalk whyt ohynmees ]^er ches lie in-noje, 

Vpon bastel rouej, J^at blenked ful quyte ; 
800 So mony pynakle payntet watj poudred ay quere, 

Among ]^ castel camele^, clambred so }dky 

J7at pared out of papure purely hit seined. 
Sou^ he*^ Pe fre freke on >e Me hit fayr i»-n[o]ghe >ojt, 
^fMn*S!e ***™* 804 I^ ^© iJ^y?t k©^^ to com Je cloyst^ wyth-i»ne, 
ddater. rp^ j^erbor i» )>at hostel, whyl halyday lested 

aninant ; 
Heea]is,and8ooii He calde, & sone ber com 

there oomes a 

porter to know 808 A porter pure plesaunt, 

the knight's er- r r r ? 

nmd. On ]^e wal his emd he nome, 

& haylsed J?e knyjt errau»t. 

«Qood sill" says 
Gawayne, " ask 

^ Mgh lord of ". Qodo syr," quoth Gawan, '* woldej }oti go my» ernde, 
gint me a lodg- 812 To Je hej lorde of fis how, herber to craue ?" 
[Foi. 102.] " Je, Pet^,'* quoth }e porter, " & purely I trowe,* 

tt 7oii are wel~ 

come to dweu fat JO be, wyjo, welcuw to won quyle yow lykej." 

here as long as 

▼oaiike,»repiied pen ^0 hat wv^e amyn swyVe, 

the porter. 

816 & folke frely hym wyth, to fonge ^e knyjt ; 
toiet^wnf*^ pay let doun }g grete drajt, & derely out jeden, 

& kneled doun on her knes vpon j^e colde er)»e. 
To welcum ]?ifl ilk wyj, as "worfy hom )?ojt ; 

o"* MwSe*to" ^^^ ^*y jolden hyw Je brode jate, parked vp wyde, 
receiye him. ^ ]^q j^em raygod rekculy, & rod ou^r J^e brygge ; 

Sere segge^ hym sesed by sadel, quel' he ly^t, 
m hOTse is weu ^ ^^^ stabeled his stede stif men in-noje. ^ 

SS^^briSjoa- 824 Knyjtej & swyerej comen doun >enne, 

wajTie into the j,^^. ^ ^^^^ y^ ^^^^3 ^^^^^ ^j^yg £^^0 halle J 

tens ^to ^e bis Queu he hcf vp his hehne, J^er hi^ed in-nogh« 

* trowoe, MS. " ' quyle (?) or (quen ?). • bnurne, MS, 



HE IS JOYFULLY WELCOMED. 27 

For to hent hit at his honde, l^e liende to semen, helmet and 

■word. 

828 His bronde & his blasoun boj^e ]?ay token. 
pen haylsed he fiil hendly ]?o hajyelej Tch one, 
& mony proud mon J^er prised, ^t prynce to honour ; 
Alle hasped in his hej wede to halle }a,j hym wonnen, 
832 per fayre fyre ypon fLet fersly brenned. 

penne }q lorde of )?e lede lontej fix) his chambre, 2^te^idl i^ 

For to mete wyih menske )?e mon on Je flor ; weioome. 

He sayde, ** je ar welcu»» to welde as yow lykej, 
836 J7at here is, al is yowre awen, to haue at yowre wylle 

& welde." * 
" Graunt mercy," quoth Gtawayn, 
" per kryst hit yow for-jelde," 
840 As fireke^ J^at semed fayn, andfh(7einiirMe 

Ay]7«r o]^sr in arme; con felde. 

XY. 
Ghtwayn glyjt on Jto gome ]7at godly hjm gret, Gaw»yne looks 

& Jujt hit a bolde bnme )?at }e bnrj ajte, LSned*^* ^^^ ^* 
844 A hoge ha]?el for ]?e none^, & of hygh^ elde ;^ 

Erode bryjt watj his berde, & al beu^ hwed, STIroS^SiSL 

Stume stif on ]7e stryJ^J^e on stalworth schonkef , 

FeUe face as >e fyre, & fre of hys speche ; H^ 5? thX»" 
848 & wel hjm semed for so]^, as ]^ segge ]ni^, 

To lede a lortschyp in lee of leude; ful gode. 

pe lorde hjm charred to a chambre, & chefly 'cumaundej L?^i^^^'^ 

To delyu^ hym a leude, hym lojly to serue ; ^hSS?* ***d* 

852 & J^re were bonn at his bode bumej in-no^e, Swait^ * ES? 

pat brojt hym to a bry^t boure, her beddyng wat; noble, in this bright 

howcf w&s noUo 

Of cortynes of clene sylk, wyth cler golde hemme;, bedding; 

& COnMorei fdl curious, WttA COmlych pane), Theemtainswere 

' .7 ir ^> of pure silk irith 

856 Of bryjt blaunni^ a-boue enbrawded bisydej, golden hems; 

Eudelej rennande on ropej, red golde ryngej, ^^^^^^ tapestries 

Tapytej tyjt to >e woje, of tuly & tars, ^yred^jwaUs 

1 eldee, MS. > desly, MS. 



28 OA WAYNE DOFFS HIS ARMOUR. 

& vnder fete, on )?e flet, of foljande Bute. 
?^2d*W8^5" 860 per he watj dispoyled, wyth spechej of mjer}e, 
^^^' pe bum of his bruny, & of his bryjt wedej ; 

robeij^* ^ ^^^ Ryche robes ful rad renkkej hem^ brojten, 

For to charge, and to chaunge, & chose of the best. 
864 Sone as he on hent, & happed J^^-inne, 

pat sete on hym' semly, wyth saylande skyrtej, 

cam?hJtt!* ***" p6 v®r ^y ^ uisage verayly hit semed 

Wei nej to vche ha)? el alle on hwes, 
868 Lowande & lufly, alle his lymme^ vnder, 

A more oomelT J t f 

knight Christ pat a comloker kny^t neu^ kryst made, 

never made. . . . 

• hem pojt; 
Whe)?en i« worlde he were, 
872 Hit semed as he myjt 

Be prynce witA-outen pere, 
In felde J^^r felle men fyjt. 



XVI. 
A chair is placed A cheyer by-foro ]7e chemn^, \er charcole brenned, 

lOi* Sif Gawayne ___ 

before the lire- 876 Watj graybed for syr Gawan, gray)?ely w*tA clo)?ej, 

picace. 

Whyssynes vpon queldepoyntw, ]?a[t] koy»t wer boj?e ; 
A mantle of fine & benno a mere mantyle watj on ^at mon cast, 

linen, riehlT em- » i -% 

broidercd, is Of a broun bleoaunt, enbrauded ful ryche, 

thrown over him. 

880 & fayre furred wyth-inne wttA fellej of J^e best, 
Alle of ermyn in erde, his hode of ]?e same ; 
& he sete in ]^at settel semly ch ryche, 
& achaufed hym chefly,' & ]?enne his cher mended. 
A^ie is soon 534 g^jj^^ y^^ telded vp a tapit, on trestej ful fayre, 

and the knight. Clad wyth a dene cloje, Jat der quyt schewed, 
proceededto Sanap, & salure, & sylu^-in sponej ; \ 

' [Foi. 108.] pe wyje wesche at his wylle, & went to his mete. 
883 Segge^ hym serued semly in-noje, 
iSnerous^hes; Wyth sere sewes & sete,* sesounde of Je best, 

» hym (?). « hyn, in MS. » cefly, in MS. * swete (?). 



HE IS NOBLY ENTERTAINED. 



29 



Double felde, as hit falle^, & fele kyn fischej ; 
Suiitme baken in bred, sumine brad on }e glede;, 
892 Samme soj^en, siimme in sewe, sauered witA spyoes, 
& ay sawes^ so sle^ei, }&t ]^ segge lyked. 
pe freke calde bit a fest M frely & ofte, 
Pol hendely, quen alle J^e hajTeles re-bayted bym at one) 
896 as bendc ; 

*' pis penaunce now )e take, 
& eft bit scbal amende ;" 
pat mon mucb mer}e con make, 
900 For wy» in bis bed J^at wende. 



with fish baked 
and broiled, 
orboUedandsea- 
Bonedwitbapioe*. 



He eallfl it a full 
noUe feast. 



and maeh mirth 
he makes, for the 
wine ia ia hia 
head. 



XVII. 

J7enne watj spyed & spnred vpon spare wyse, 

Bi preue poyntef of }?at pryncje, put to bym-seluen, 

pat be be-knew cortaysly of fe court ]7at be were, 

904 pat aj^el Artbure J^e bende balde^ hjm one, 
pat is ]7e rycbe ryal kyng of f^e rounde table ; 
& bit wat) Wawen by»t-self ]?at in fat won syttej, 
Gomen to ]^at krystmasse, as case bym yen lymped. 

908 Wben ]?e lorde bade lemed J^at be J^e leude bade, 
Loude lajed be 'per&t, so lef bit bym }K>|t, 
& alle ye men in ]?at mote maden mucb joye, 
To apere in bis presense prestly y&t tyme, 

912 pat alle prys, & prowes, & pured J^ewes 
Apendes to bys persoun, & praysed is eu^r, 
Byfore alle men vpon molde, bis mensk is ye most. 
Ycb segge ful softly sayde to bis fere, 

916 "iN'ow scbal we semlycb se slejtej of Jewej, 
& ye teccbeles termes of talkyng noble, 
Wicb spede is i» specbe, vnspurd may we leme, 
Syn we baf fonged ya,t fyne fader of nurture ; 

920 God bat) geuen tus bis grace godly for so]?e, 
pat sucb a gest as GFawan graunte) yt» to baue, 



Sir Gawayne, in 
answer to qoes- 
tions pot to aim, 



tells the prinee 
that he is of 
Arthur's court. 



When this 
made known. 



creatwasthejoj 
InthehaU. 



Eaeh one said 
softly to his mate, 

*'Now we shall 
tee courteous 
manners andhear 
noUe speech. 



for we hare 
amongst us the 
*fiither of nur- 
ture.' 



* sewes (?). 



30 DESCRIPTION OF AN ANCIENT ONE. 

When bume} blyj^e of bis bur}>e scbal sitte 

& synge. 
924 In menyng of man^re^ mere, 

[F<^ losft.] pis bume now scbal yim bryng, 

He that may him I bopo l^at mav hjm here, 

hearshallleamof '^ ^ ^ ^ 

iove-tandiig.»' Scbal leme of luf-talkyng." 

XVIII. 
After dinner the 928 Bi bat ^ diner wat^ done, & be dere yp, 

oompany go to 

the ^pe^ Hit watj ne^ at \e niy^t ne^ed J^e tyme ; 

Cbaplayne^ to ]?e cbapeles cbosen \q gate, 
Bungen fiil rycbely, ry^ as J^ay scbnlden, 

5Si^tt«*^^t ^^^ ^^ ^ bersum euensong of J^e byje tyde. 
■•■■**°- J?e lorde loutes j?erto, & }>e lady als, 

I»-to a comly closet coyntly bo entre^ ; 

Gawan glydej fill gay, & gos ]?eder sone ; 
936 pe lorde lacbes bym by ]?e lappe, & lede^ hym to sytte, 

& couj^ly bym knowe^, & calle^ bym bis nome, 

& sayde be watj ]?e welcomest wyje of )?e worlde ; 
The lord of the & be byw )?onkked froly, & ayj^ balcbed o]?er, 

cantle and Sir a^^aj ^i i • i 

Oawayne sit to- 940 & seten soberly samen pe seruise-quyle ; 

g«^CT unngr penne lyst Je lady to loke on f e knyjt. 

His wife, aeoom- penne com bo of bir closet, wttA mony cler bnide^y 

panied by her , /■ i i* i 

maids, leavee her Ho wat^ J^e fayrest in fcllc, of flescbo & of lyre, 

944 & of compas, & colot^r, & costes of alle otb^, 
sh« *^J*i^ & wener )?en Wenore, as }^ wyje )>ojt. 
Gnenever. ^e cbes )?urj \e cbaunscl, to cberycbe Jat bende ; 

;J?ci2^J^^S; ^ oJ^^ lady ^ 1^ ^i >« ly^ i^^^d^' 

SnT^L^ ^®'' 948 pat wat) alder )?en bo, an auncian bit semed, 

&, be^ly bonowred wttA baj^eles abonte. 
^^TOiaewere ^^^ vn-lyke on to loke \o ladyes were, 

^ ^-^^SiSr* ^^^ ^ I'® pog6 w*tj jep, jolje watj fat o)?dr ; 
was yellow, 952 Bicbo red on J^at on rayled ay qnere, 
ud ^^LSed^ Bugb ronkled cbeke^ Jat o\er on rolled ; 

cheeks. Kercbofes of fat on wy tb mony cler perle^ 

i^M^nS^ Hir brest & bir bryjt >rote bare displayed, 



HER EYES WERE BLEARED. 



31 



956 Schon schyrer }en snawe, ^ai scheder^ on hille} ; 
pat of ^ wyth a gorger watj gered oner f e swyre, 
Chymbled ou^ hir blake chyn with mylk-quyte yayles, 
. ^^ Hir frount folden in sylk, enfoubled ay quere, 

Mzi^l^^^ Toret &Jg[Si^^ With ixy^e} abovde, 

TrA/k^^- (, f *^* ^^^* ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^** burde bot fe blake brojes, 
^. itM^ t "'-pQ tweyne yjen, & )?e nase, )?e naked lyppej, 

& )?08e were sonre to se, & sellyly blered ; 
964 A mensk lady on molde mon may hir calle, 

for gode ; 
Hir body wat^ schort & J^ik, 
Hir buttokej bay & brode, 
968 More lykker-wys on to lyk, 

Wat^ J^at scho hade on lode. 



"bare display- 
ed.'» 



The ancient one 
exposed only her 
"black brovB," 
[Fol. 104.] 

her two eyes, 
noee, and naked 
line, all eonr and 
Ueured. 



Her bodv wae 
short and thick ; 
her buttocks 
broad and round. 



XIX. 

When Gtawayn glyjt on f «t gay, )?»t graciotwly loked, 
Wyth leue lajt of )?e lorde he went hem a^aynes ; 

972 pe alder he haylses, heldande fol lowe, 
pe loneloker he lappe^ a lyttel in arme^, 
He kysses hir comlyly, & knyjtly he mele^ ; 
pay kallen hym of a quoyntaunce, & he hit quyk aske^ 

976 To be her semauwt sothly, if hem-self lyked. 

pay tan hyw bytwene hem, wyth talkywg hyw leden 
To chambre, to chemn^, & chefly ]?ay asken 
Spyce^, ]^at yn-sparely men speded hom to bryng, 

980 & \e wynne-lych wyne ]7^r-w*t7* vche tyme. 
pe lorde luflych aloft lepe^ fol ofte, 
Mynned m^rthe to be made vpon mony syj^ej. 
Hent he^ly of his hode, & on a spere henged, 

984 & wayned hom to wynne j?e worchip f er-of, 

pat most myrfe myjt mene* \ai crystenmas whyle ; 
" & I schal fonde, bi my fayth, to fylt^ wyth \e best, 
Er me wont f e wedej, witt help of my frendej." 



With permission 
of the lord, 



Sir Gawayne sa- 
lutes the elder. 



but the younger 
hekiss^ 



and begs to be 
her servant. 



To chamber aU 
go* 

where spices and 
wine are seryed. 



The lord takes off 
his hood and 
places it on a 
spear. 

He who makes 
most mirth is to 
win it. 



sckedes (?}. 



treieted (?). 



meue (?). 



82 



THE JOY ON CHRISTMAS MOUN. 



Night approaeti- 
es, andtiieii 



Sir Oawayne 
takes his leaye 
and retires to 
rest* 



988 pU8 wyth la^de lote^ ^e lorde hit tayt^ make^ 
Por to glade syr Gawayn wit/* gomne} in halle 

}at nyjt ; 
Til fat hit watj tyme, 
992 pe kyng comaundet ly^t, 

Syr Gkiwen his leue con nyme, 
& to his bed hjm di;t. 



On Christmas 
mom, 

joy reifiBs in 
erery dwelling in 
the world. 
So did it in the 
castle where our 
knight abode. 
[Fol. 1(M6.] 



996 



1000 



Thelordand"the 
old ancient wife" 
sit together. 

Gawayne sits by 
the wife of hu 
host. 



1004 



It were too tedi- 
ous to teB of the 
meat, the mirth, 
or the joy that 
abounded emy- 1008 
where. 



Gawayneandhis 

beautiful com- 

pani(Mi derive 

much comfort 

from each other's 1012 

eonrersatioD. * v a ^ 



Trumpets and 1016 
nakers give forth 
their sounds. 



XX. 

On fe mome, as ych mon mynej fat tyme, 
J?at dryjtyn for oure destyn^ to deje watj borne, 
Wele waxe} in vche a won in worlde, for his sake ; 
So did hit fere on fat day, fur; dayntes mony ; 
Bofe at mes & at mele, messes ful quaynt 
Berf men vpon dece drest of f e best. 
pe olde auncian wyf he^est ho sytte} ; 
pe lorde lufly her by lent, as I trowe ; 
Gawan & f e gay bnrde to-geder fay seten, 
Euen in-mydde^ as f e messe metely come ; 
& syfen f nr^ al f e sale, as hem best semed, 
Bi vche grome at his degre gr^yf ely watj serued. 
per watj mete, fer watj myrf e, f ^r watj much ioye, 
J7at for to telle f erof hit me tene were, 
& to poynte hit ^et I pyned me p#rauenture ; 
Bot jet I wot fat Wawen & f e wale bnrde 
Such comfort of her compaynye cajten to-geder, 
pnrj her dere dalyannce of her deme wordej, 
"Wyth clone cortays carp, closed fro fylf e ; 
& hor play watj passande vche prynce gomen, 

in vayres ; 

Tmmpej & nakerys, 

Much pypyng }er repayres, 

Vche mon tented hys, 

& fay two tented fayres. 



layt (?). 



THE FEAST OF ST. JOHN's DAY. 33 



XXI. 

1020 Much dut watj )?er dryuen )?at day & )?at o^er, to*Sref^^^°^ 

^ & J?e J^ryd as ]?ro ]?ronge iw ]?eraf W ; 

pe ioye of sayii[t] lonej day watj gentyle to here, ® m^S?' uSt^of 

& watj >e last of >e layk, leudej >er >ojten. S^S*""" '**" 

1024 per wer gestes to go vpon fe gray mome, 

For-fy wonderly )?ay woke, & Jto wyn dronken, 

Bauitsed ful drejly wyth dere carolej ; 

At ye last, when hit watj late, ]7ay lachen her leue, many^of the^'' 
1028 Ychon to wende on his way, Jat watj wy^e stronge. S^^Jrture tram' 

fit A Afl A^Ia 

Gawan gef hyw god-day, )?e god mon "hym lachche^, 
Ledes hjm to his awen chambre, ^e chymn^ bysyde, 
& fere he dra^e^ "hym on-dryje, & derely hym ]?onkke^, ^^ff *P*v|J 
1032 Of ^Q Wynne worschip & * he hyw wayned hade, 5S*wS *^Se 
As to honour his ho«« on J?at hy je tyde, °' ^^ ^^** 

& enbelyse his burj w«t^ his bele chere. 
" I-wysse syr, quyl I leue, me worj^ej fe better, 
1036 pat Gawayn hat^ ben my gest, at godde^ awen fest." [Voi, los.] 
** Grant merci' syr," quoth Gawayn, "in god fayth 

hit is yowre^, 
Al j?e honowr is yowr awen, )>e heje kyng yow jelde ; 
& I am wyje at yowr wylle, to worch yowre hest, 
1040 As I am halden yer-tOy in hyje & in loje, 

bi ri^t." 
pe lorde fast can hyw payne, kMSTSS^kSTS 

To holde lenger >e knyjt, *^ "^"^ ^ 

1044 To hyw answrej Gawayn, 

Bi non way ]7at he myjt. 

XXII. 

f Then frayned ^e &eke ful fayre at him-seluen, He desires to 

Quat deme' dede had hym dryuen, at l^at dere tyme, driven sir Oa. 

wayne firom Ar- 

1048 So kenly frg be kyngej kourt to kayre al his one, thur's court be- 

fore the end of 

Er )?e halidayej holly were halet out of toun r the Christmas 

1 >at (?). « nerci, in MS. » derue (?). 



34 OAWAYNE INQUIRES ABOUT THE GREEN CHAPEL. 

The knight re- < < For Bo]7e syr," quoth }?e segge, * * je sayn bot ]7e traw)?e ; 

pUco UUtb ft Oji^Ii 

errand and a A heje emde & a hastv me hade fro lo wone?, 

hasty one" had ' *' x n 

forced him to 1052 For I am sTimned my selfe to sech to a place, 

leave the conrt. ^ r 7 

I wot^ in worlde wheder warde to wende, hit to fynde ; 
I nolde, bot if I hit negh myjt on nwjeres mome, 
For alle ]7e londe i«-wyth Logres, so me oure lorde help ! 
1 056 For-Jry, syr, J^is enquest I require yow here, 
whe'Ser^ ^Sb f ^^ ?® ^^ ^^^ ^*^^ trawthe, if euer je tale herde 

Sreen chai»i ***^ ^^ J® grene chapel, quere hit on grouwde stonde^, 

& of ]?e knyjt ]?at hit kepes, of colowr of grene ? 
1060 per watj stabled bi statut a stenen v«« by-twene, 
for he has to be To mete bat mon at hat mere, ^if I my^t last : 

there on New -' ^ ' j t ^ 

Tear»8-day. & of ]?at ilk nwjore bot neked now wontej, 

& I wolde loke on ]7at lede, if god me let wolde, 
1064 Gladloker, bi goddej su», )>e« any god welde ! 

For-Ji, I-wysse, bi jowre wylle, wende me bi-houes, 

He would as Uef I^af I now to busy bot bare bre daye?, 

die as fail in his ^ r J i^ 

emuA. & me als fayn to falle feye as fayly of myyw emde." 

Sir Ga?ro'*e that ^^^^ pGwne lajande c]uoth )?e lorde, "now leng Je by-houes, 
^^^^^^ *^™ For I schal teche yow to ]7a[t] terme bi \e tymej ende, 

pe grene chapayle vpon gronwde, greue yow no more ; 
Bot je schal be in yowre bed, bume, at )?yn ese, 
1072 Quyle forth dayej, & ferk on Je fyrst of Je jere, 
. [Foi. 106*.] & cum to )?at merk at mydmom, to make quat yow likej 

in spewne ; 
Dowellej whyle new jeres daye, 
1076 & rys, & raykej ]7e»ne, 

The Green Chapel -.r 1.1 ii • 

is not more than Mon scnal yow sette m waye, • 

two miles from tt'a. • ^ x i i »» 

the castle. Hit IS not two myle hewne." 



XXIII. 
Then ™ G*" JJenne watj Gawan ful glad, & gomenly he lajed, — 

1080 " ITow I )?onk yow jyryuandely )?urj alle o\er }^y»ge, 
and consents to !N"ow acheued is my chauwce, I schal at jour wylle 

the castle. Dowellc, & ellej do quat je demen." 

» not (?). 



HE MAKES A BARGAIN WITH HIS HOST. 36 

penne sesed hjm ]?e syre, & set lajm bysyde, 

1084 Let >e ladiej be fette, to lyke hew >e better ; l^^fli tST 

per watj seme solace by hem-self stille ; ~^~^ ^*^' 

pe lorde let for luf lotej so myry, 
As wyj ];at wolde of his wyte, ne wyat quat he myjt. 

1088 J7enne he carped to ];e knyjt, criande loude, 

'^ ^e han demed to do ]^ dede ]7at I bidde ; casUe asks tbe 

Wyl je halde Jyis hes[t] here at ];ys onej ?" himonerequeit ; 

" Je syr, for-so]7e," sayd ];e segge trwe, 

1092 "Whyl I byde in yowre bor^e, be bayn to jow[r]e 
best." 
' * For je haf trauayled, ' ' quoth }e tulk, * ' towen fro f erre, 
& sy]?eii waked me wyth, je am not wel waryst, 
"NaM^er of sostnaunce ne of slope, sojyly I knowe ; ,^^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ 

1096 Je schal lenge in jour lofte, & lyje i» yowr ese, JJirufl ^f^"" 

To mom quyle 'pe messe-quyle, & to mete wende, **™®* 
When je wyl, wyth my wyf, >at wyth yow schal sitte, m4t*wuh ws*** 
& comfort yow with compayny, til I to cort tome, 

1100 Jelende; 

& I schal erly ryse, 
On hu»ty»g wyl I wende." 

Gauayn grontej aUe >yse, S'S'S^i:^.''" 

1104 Hym heldande, as )?e hende. 



XXIV. 

" ?et firre," qtioth he freke, '* a forwarde we make ; " whatsoever^*' 

I / > 1 J ^ ^ 7 Bays the host, "I 

Quat-so-ener I wy»ne in ]?e wod, hit wor];e^ to yo«rej, ™,^*^® '^°*** 

SO All DC T^OuJrof 

& quat chek so ^e achene, channge me ];er-fome ; and what check 

▼oil achieve shall 

1108 Swete, swap we so, sware w»tA traw]?e, be raine.»» 

^ Qae]^&r, leude, so lymp lere o]^er bett^." 

"Bi god," quoth Gawayn }e gode, "I gr^mt per-tyUe, 
& ]?at yow lyst for to layke, lef hit me ];ynk^«. [Foi. 106.] 

1112 **Who brywgej yus >is beu<?rage, >is bargayn is ^^^^'i^em'!^*' 
maked : " 
So sayde }e lorde of y&t lede ; ]?ay lajed Tchone, 






36 PREPARATIONS FOR THE CHABE. 

pay dronken, & daylyeden, & dalten vntj^tel,^ 
pise lorde^ and ladye^, quyle yat hem lyked ; 
1 1 16 & sy];eii with frenkysch fare & fele fayre lotej 
pay stoden, & stemed, & stylly speken, 
Kysten fiil comlyly, & ka^ten her leue. 
and JS^"vSmt With mony leude fal ly^t, & lemande torches, 

at th^taat'"'** 1 120 Vche bnme to his bed watj brojt at ];e laste, 

ful soffce ; 
To bed jet er ];ay jede, 
Becorded coTienanntej ofbe ; 
1124 pe olde lorde of >at leude,* 

Cow];e wel halde layk a-lofte. 



[FYTTE THE THIRD.] 

I. 

Before day-break Ij^UL erlv bifore he day he folk vp-rysen, 

folk, upriie. h fi J I. . lA \ \ ^A 

-■- Gestes pat go wolde, hor gromej pay calden, 
■addle their 1128 & hsij buskeii vp bilyue, blonkkej to sadel, 

liorsee* and tx^ss 

their maUs. Tyffen he[r] takles, trussen her males, 

Kichen hem }e ryehest, to ryde alle arayde, 
Lepen vp lyjtly, lachen her brydeles, 

it*^?eS?him" ^^^^ ^*^^® ^?® ^^ ^^® ^^^^ l'®^ ^^^ ^^^ lyked. 

The* noble lord ^® ^®^® lorde of ];e londe watj not fe last, 

?Iyf hiiJSff tlr . A-rayed for >e rydy»g, with renkkej ful mony ; 
nTSts a sop E^ ^ s^P ^astyly, when he hade herde masse, 

IT^L"'^ «^ 1 136 With bugle to bent felde he buskej by-lyue ; 
Before day-light By Jat >at any day-lyjt lemed vpon er>e, 

are*OTi their™*" He with his hajyelos on hyje horsses weren. 

Then the hounds penue Jyise cacheres }?at coujye, cowpled hor houndej, 

coupled. 1140 Ynclosed ^e kenel dore, & calde hem ]7^-oute, 

Three short notes Blwe bygly i» buglej tre bare mote ; 

are blown by the i 

bugles. Braches bayed ]7«rfore, & breme noyse maked, 

» vntyl nyjte (?). • lede (?). 



THE HUKTING OF THE DEER. 



37 



& ]^ay chastysedy & chaxred, on chasyng ]7at went ; 
1144 A hundreth of hunt^es, as I haf herde telle, 

of ]?e best ; 
To trystors vewters jod, 
Couples huntes of kest, 
1 148 per ros for blaster gode, 

Gret rord in ]?at forest. 



A hundred 
hmiten join in 
the chaM. 



To the station* 
the "fewtem" 

[Fol. 1066.] 

and the dogs are 
cast off. 



II. 



Boosed by. the 
damoor the deer 
rush to the 
heights, 



f 



At J^e fyrst quethe of ]7e quest quaked ];e wjlde ; 
Der drof in "j^e dale, doted for drede, 

1162 Hi^ed to ^e byje, bot het^ly ]7ay were 

Eestayed with ];e stablye, ];at stoutly ascryed ; 
J7ay let ];e herttej haf ]7e gate, with }?e hyje hedes, 
pe breme bukke^ also, with hor brode paume^ ; 

1156 For ]7e fre lorde hade defende in fermysoun tyme, 
pat 'per schulde no mon mene^ to ];e male dere. 
pe hinder were halden in, with hay & war, 
pe does dryuen with gret dyn to ]7e depe slade^ ; 

1160 per myjt mon se, as ]?ay slypte, slentyng of arwes, 
At vche [J?at] wende vnder wande wapped a flone, 
pat bigly bote on ];e broun, with ful brode hede^, 
What ! }sLj brayen, & bleden, bi bonkkej }?ay de^en. 

1164 & ay rachches in a res radly hem fol^es, 

Huntere^ wyth hy^e home hasted hem aft^, 

Wyth such a crakkande kry , as klyffes haden brusten ; 

What wylde so at-waped wyjes ]?at schotten, 

1168 Wat^ al to-raced & rent, at J^e resayt. 

Bi }a.j were tened at }e hyje, and taysed to J?e wattre^, 

pe lede^ were so lemed at J^e lo^e trysteres, 

& ];e gre-hounde; so grete, J^at geten hem bylyue, 

1 172 & hem to fylched, as fast as fireke^ my^t loke, 

}er ryjt. 
pe lorde for blys abloy 
Ful oft con launce & ly^t. 



but are soon 
driyen back. 

The male deer 
and bucks are 
allowed to pass. 



but the hinds and 
does are driven 
back to the 
shades. 



As they fly they 
are shot by the 
bowmen. 



The hounds and 
the hunters, with 
a loud cr^, loUow 
in pursuit. 



oaped the arrows 
are killed by the 
hounds. 



The lord waxes 
Joyfttl in the 
chase, 



^ meue? 



38 GAWAYNE LIES A BED. 

which lasted tiu 1176 & drof Wt day wyth loy. 

the approsoh of n \ 

night. Thus to }q derk nyjt. 

III. 
AU thk time Oa- ptM layke^ fiB loido by lynde wode^ eue;, 

Wayne iie# a^hed* 

& G. Jto god mouy in gay bed lyge^y 
«ndw "corer- ,,1180 Lurkke^ quyl Jtc day-ly^t lemed on ]?e wowes, 

Ynder couertowr fol clere, cortyned aboute ; 
& as in slom^ryng he slode, sle^ly he herde 

1184 ft he heue; yp his hed out of 'pe clo]?es, 
[Fol. 107.] A comer of }?e cortyn he cajt vp a lyttel, 

ft waytej warly }?ider-warde, quat hit be myjt. 
A lady, the love- Hit wat? >e ladi, loflyest to be-holde, 

lieat to behold, 7 i J J » 

enters softly, ngs fat dro^ }e dor aftw hir fol demly* & stylle, 
8he agiroachea ^ bojed to-warde fe bed ; ft Je bume schamed, 

ft layde hy«n doun lystyly, & let as he slepte. 
SSbJSheSsfeep. & ^0 stepped stiUy, ft stel to his bedde, 

The lady casts up 1192 Kest Tp he cortyu, ft creped w»tA-f»ne, 

the curtain and r r J 9 ir 7 

sits on the bed- & set hir ful softlv on Iq bed-syde, 

side. • •* f ' 

& lenged pere selly longe, to loke quen he wakened. 
pe lede lay lurked a fol longe quyle, 
Gawayne has 1196 Compast in his concience to quat >at cace my«t 

much wonder * » j v c 

t*>«w«t. Mene ofer amount, to m^mayle hym J^oft ; 

Bot jet he sayde in hym-self, "more semly hit were 
To aspye wyth my spelle [in] space quat ho wolde." 
^f ml*^ ^^^' ^^^^ f^"^ ^® wakenede, ft wroth, ft to hir warde tomed, 
unlocks his eyes, & yn-louked his y^-lyddej, ft let as hym wondered, 

and looks as ii he 

were astonished. ft sayned hym, as hi his saje }e sau^ to worthe, 

with hande ; 
1204 Wyth chynne ft cheke fol swete, 

£o];e quit ft red in-blande, 
Ful lufly con ho lete, 
Wyth lyppej smal la^ande. 

1 dendy (?), 



1 



HE IS VISITED BT HIS HOSTESS. 



39 



IV. 



^ 



1208 " God moroun, syr Grawayn," sayde }a,t fayr lady, 
" }e ar a slep^ vn-sly^e, ]?at mon may slyde hider ; 
Now ar je tan astyt, bot true v«m may schape, 
I schal bynde yow in jour bedde, \alt be je trayst:" 

1212 Al la^aade ];6 lady lanced ^o bourde^. 

" Ooad moroa» gaye,"* (\mth Gawayn ];e bly}?e, 
"Me schal wor];e at yowr wille, & j?at me wel lykej, 
For I jelde me ^ederly, & jeje aflw gr^e, 

1216 & ]7at is ];e best, be my dome, for me by-hone^ nede;" 
& J^us he bonrded a-^ayn with mony a bly]7e la^t^. 
" Bot wolde je, lady lonely, j?e» lene me gronte, 
& deprece yowr prysouw,' & pray hyw* to ryse, 

1220 I wolde bo^e of ];is bed, & busk me bett^, 

I schulde keu^ ]7e more comfort to karp yow wyth." 

" Nay, for soj?e, beau syr," sayd ]?at swete, 

" }e schal not rise of yowr bedde, I rych yow better, 

1224 'I schal happe yow here ];at 6)^er half als, 

ft sy}?en karp wyth my knyjt }?at 1 kajt haue ; • 
For I wene wel, I-wysse, syr "Wawen je are, 
pat alle ];e worlde worchipej, qnere-so je ride ; 

1228 Yowr honowr, yowr hendelayk is hendely praysed 
WitA lordej, wyth ladyes, wttA aUe )?at lyf here. 
ft now ^e ar here, I-wysse, and we bot oure one ; 
My lorde ft his lede^ ar on lenj^e faren, 

1232 0}^er bume; in her bedde, ft my burde^ als, 
})e dor drawen, ft dit wttA a derf haspe ; 
ft sy];en I haue \n ];is how« hym ]?at al lyke^, 
I schal ware my whyle wel, quyl hit laste^, 

1236 wtt^tale; 

^e ar welcum to my cors, 
Yowre awen won to wale, 
Me be-houe^ of fyne force, 

1240 Yowr seroauitt be ft schale." 



•* Good morrow," 
says the lady, **7e 
are a careless 
sleeper to let one 
eater thus. 

I shall bind yon 
in your bed, of 
that be ye sore." 

"Good morrow," 
says the knight, 
"I am well 
pleased to be at 
your seryioe ; 



bnt permit me to 
rise and dress 
myself." 



[?ol. 1076.] 
"Nay, beau sir," 
said that sweet 
one, 

"I shaU hold 
talk with you 
here. 

I know well that 
you are Gawayne 
that all the world 
worships. 



We are by our- 
selyes; 



My lord and his 
men are £u* off. 
Other men are in 
their beds, so are 
my maidens. 
Thn door is safely 
closed. 

Since I have him 
in house that 
ereryone likes, I 
shall use my time 
wdlwhileitlasts. 

Te are welcome 
to my body. 



I (hall be your 
serraat." 



^ This word is doubtful in the MS. 



prysouner (?). 



40 THE LADY DISCOURSES OF LOVE. 



V. 

"In god feyth," quothQawapiy ^^g&jn hit me ]7ynkke;y 
pSL^ I be not now he ];at ^e of speken ; 
thy," says Sir To reche to such reueience as ^e reherce here 

Oawayne, ''to 

reach to such 1244 I am wvje vn-worthy, I wot wel my-seluen ; 

reyerencA as ye . 

reheane. Bi god, I were glad, & yow god ];ojt, 

bower ^to^^ '^^ ^^ ^^^ *^ seruyce ];at I sette myjt 

Jjjjj* /^^ „ To J?e plesauwce of yowr prys, hit were a pure ioye." 

1248 ** In god fayth, syr Gte.wayn," qt^^A ]?e gay lady, 
" pe prys & ]7e prowes ];at plese^ al o];tfr. 
If I hit lakked, 6)^er set at ly^t, hit were littel daynt^ ; 



4t 



There are la- 



S?*" ■??" h** -^^ ^^ *^ ladyes i;i-no^e, ]?at leuw wer nowj^e 

would prefer thy 1262 Haf l>e hende in hor holde, as I ];e habbe here, 

To daly witA derely yowr daynte wordej, 
Keu^ hem comfort, & colen her care^, 

to much of the 

gold that they 'pen much of \q garysoun o^er golde ]7at^ J^ay hauen ; 

1256 Bot I louue' ];at ilk lorde \ai ]7e lyfte halde^, 
I haf hit holly in my honde ];at al desyres, 

j?urje grace." 
Scho made hym so gret chere, 
[Foi. 108.] 1260 pat wat^ so fayr of face. 

The knight an. pe knv^t with speches skere, 

•were the lady»e r J? r > 

qneetions. A[n]swared to vche a cace. 

VI, 
Gawayne tells " Madame," qtk>M be myry mon, " Mary yow felde, 

her that he pre- 

fers her conver- 1264 Eorlhaf fonnden,ingodfayth,YowreD*aa»chisnobele, 

■ation before that > © j >,y ' 

of au others. & o];^ fill much of o\»r folk fongen hor dede^ ; 

Bot \q daynte \ai ]7ay delen for my disert nysen. 
Hit is );e worchyp of yo«r-self, ]?at nojt bot wel connej." 

^mS^,'***''*^ 1268 " Bi Mary," quoth >e menskful, "me >ynk hit ano>^ ; 

For were 1 worth al ];e wone of wy wmen alyue, 

that were she & al );e wele of J>e worlde were i» my honde, 

ber^aiffl^**^***** & I schuMe chepen & chose, to cheue me a lorde, 

* ^at ^at, in MS. ' louie or loune (?). 



THE KNIGHT THINKS OF HIS ADVBNTUBB. 



41 



1272 Por ]^ costes }at I haf knowen ypon ];e kny^t here, 
Of bewt^, & debonert^, & bly]^ semblaant, 
& ];at I haf er herkkened, & halde hit here trwee, 
per schulde no freke vpon folde bifore yow be chosen." 
1276 **I-wysse, worjyy," quoth )?e wyje, " je haf waled wel 
bett^, 
Bot I am proude of }re prys ^at ^e put on me, 
& soberly your seruaunt my souerayn I holde yow, 
& yowre kny^t I be-com, & kryst yow for-jelde/' 
1280 fua }sij meled of much-quat, til myd-mom paste, 
& ay ]7e lady let lyk, ^^ hym loued mych ; 
pe freke ferde with defence, and feted ful fayre. 
p&^ I were burde bry^test, }e burde iit mynde hade, 
1284 pe lasse luf in his lode, for lur ^at he so^t, 

• boute hone ; 

. pe dunte ];at schulde' hjm deue, 
& nede^ hit most be done ; 
1288 pe lady 'j^enn spek of leue. 

He granted hir ful sone. 



she would ieleot 
Gawayne before 
anymanon earth. 



Gawayne tells 
her that he will 
become her own 
knight and fUth- 
fUl servant. 



The remem- 
brance of his ad- 
venture prevents 
him from think- 
ing of love. 



The ladv takes 
leave of Sir Ga- 
wayne. 



> 



VII. 

J^eiine ho gef hym god-day, & wyth a glent lajed, 
& as ho stod, ho stonyed hym wyth ful stor wordej : 

1 292 ^ ^ Now he ]7at spede^ v che spech> ]^is disport jelde yow I 
Bot ]7at ^ be Gawan, hit got; in mynde." 
'^Quer-fore?" quoth }^e freke, & freschly he aske^, 
Ferde lest he hade fayled in foMrme of his castes ; 

1296 Bot ye burde hym blessed, & bi J^is skyl sayde, 
*^ So god as Gawayn gaynly is halden, 
& cortaysye is closed so clene in hym-seluen. 
Couth not lyftly haf lenged so long wyth a lady, 

1300 Bot he had craued a cosse, bi his cowrtaysye, 
p£u .•&<-• Bi su m towch of summe tryfle, at sam tale^ ende." 
ft^ir;^r f-^^tpen quoth Wowen, " I-wysse, worjre as yow lykej, 



With a laughing 
glance, she says, 



**I am doubtfViI 
whether ye be 
Gawayne. 



[Fol. 1086.} 



Were it he, 
surely, ere this, 
he would hare 
craved a kiss." 



«I shaU kiss," 
says the knight. 



ande (?). 



s sclttlde, in MS. 



42 



THB BREAKING OF THE DEER. 



* ** dm^'^t »»*"*' ^ sohal kysse at yowr comaundement, as a kny^t falle^, 

1304 & fire^ lest he displese yow, so' plede hit no more.'' 
ijSy^oa^es Mm ^^ comes neixe with ]?at, & cachej hym i» arme^, 

iSswS'htar "^ Loute^ luflych adoun, & >e leude kyssej ; 

pay comly bykennen to kryst aj^er o}er ; 
1308 Ho dos hir forth at }e dore, wit^outen dyn more. 
& he ryches hym to ryse, & rapes hym sone, 
Oawayne then Clepes to his chamberlayn, choses his wede, 

m«i."^ goes Bojej forth, quen he watj bou», hlj}eLj to masse, 

1 3 1 2 & ]7enne he meued to his mete, 'j^at menskly hym keped, 

H6 w*^il t<M i mirth 

au day tiu the & made myry al day til le mone Wsed, 

moon rises, . , 

w*th game ; 
WttA' nener freke fayrer fonge, 
betweenthe<*two 1316 Bitwene two SO dy^giie dame, 

damei," the older i. tj or. 

and the younger, pe alder & pe jonge, 

Much solace set paj same. 



VIII. 

iortuJ*the^d '^^ ^^ ^® ^^^® ®^ ^ londe is lent on his gamnef, 

i? w^S^d"* ^^^^ ^^ ^^* ^ ^^^*®? * ^^^^' ** hyndej barayne, 
^***^- Such a sowme he per slowe hi p&t pQ suwne heldet, 

Of dos & of op&r dere, to deme were wonder. 

penne fersly pay flokked in folk at pe laste, 
Si]i(Suf*tf«aS^»» 1324 & quykly of pe quelled dere a querr^ )>ay maked ; 
* ^ * pe best bojed ]?erto, w»tA burnej in-nogh^, 

a^t ^blnnkSL Gfedered pe grattest of gres pst }«r were, 

*^ ^^^' & didden hem derely vndo, as pe dede aske^ ; 

SufawS^orTa? ^^^^ Serched hem at pe asay, summe psi per were, 
then they sUt the ^wo fywgeres >ay fonde of >e f o wlest of alle ; 

the .St."°^^" Sy>e» >ay slyt >e slot, sesed >e erber, 

r^^e'toSumhe Schaued wyth a scharp knyf, & pe schyre knitten ; 

Sde.'^ o e ^^22 Syj^en rytte ]?ay pe foure lywmes, & rent of pe hyde, 
the^uyand^e J7en brek ];ay pe bale, ]^e bale^ out token, 

[Foi. 109.] Lystily forlancyng, & here of pe knot ; 

> fere (?). » fo, in MS. * Was (?) Nas (?). 



THE HUNTERS HASTEN HOME. 43 

J7ay gryped to Jto gargiQun, & gray'j^ely departed They then sepa- 
1336 pe wesaunt fro )e wynt-hole, & wait out "be gutte^ ; from the wind- 

-^ - bole and throw 

pen scher )«iyout ]^ schulderej witA her scharpknyue}, out the guts. 
Haled hem by a lyttel hole, to haue hole sydes ; The shoulders 

. are cut out, 

SyJ^en bntned ];ay "j^e brest, & brayden hit m twywne, and ^ iww»t 
1340 & eft at ]« gargcdiin bigynej on J^enne, 

Eyuej hit vp radly, ryjt to }e byjt, The n»mftfa» are 

Yoydej out J^e a-vanters, & v^ayly ]?^r-aftw 

Alle ]7e rymej by J^e rybbej radly Jay lance ; 
1344 So ryde ]?ay of by resoun bi )?e rygge bone^, 

Euenden to )q haunche, J^at henged alle samen, 

& heuen hit vp al hole, & hwen hit of ];ere, 

& ];at ]7ay neme for ];e noumbles, bi nome as I trowe, 
1348 bikynde; 

Bi >e byjt al of >e >yje8, gy the^ fork of 

pe lappe^ )?ay lance bi-hynde, 

To hewe hit in two >ay hyjes, £S,?ff tTo by 

1362 Bi ];e bak-bon to vnbynde. 



the backbone. 



IX. 
Bobe be hede & be hals bay hwen of benne, After thu the 

head and neck 

& sy];en sunder j?ay ];e sydej swyft fro be chyne, «re cut off, and 

, the sides severed 

& }?e corbeles fee pay kest in a greue */ from the chine. 

1366 penn ]7urled }&j ay];er Jnk side ]mrj, bi ];e rybbe, 

& henged )?e»ne a[y]]?^ bi ho^es of j?e fourche;, 

Yche freke for his fee, as falle^ for to haae. 

Ypon a felle of 'pe fayre best, fede ];ay ];ayr houndes, 
1360 Wyth }e Ijaer & }e lyjtej, ]?e lej?er of }e paunchej, with t^^ii^«. 

& bred ba)>ed i» blod, blende )>er amongej ; Sd^STiw^Js 

F ' Baldely }?ay blw prys, bayed )>ayr rachche;, 

8y>en fonge >ay her flesche folden to home, ftohoSi? "**^* 

1364 Strakande ful stoutly mony stif mote^. 

Bi }sLt J^e dayly^t wat^ done, )7e douthe wat; al wonen 

^ <m a grene (?). 



44 GAWAYNE RECEIVES THE SPOIL. 

I»-t6 Jtc comly castel, J>er }q knyjt bidej 

fill stille ; 
1 368 Wyth blys & bryjt fyr bette, 

pe lord is comen 'j^er-tylle, 
mA^^SSThin "Wben Gawayn wyth hyiwmette, 

^^•'- J7er watj bot wele at wylle. 



X. 

[FoL lOM.] 1 372 Thenne oomau9ided }e lorde in }at sale to samen alio }e 

The lord com- meny, 

mM»«^f all hif 

household to m- Bo]7e ^e ladyes on logh^ to ly^t with her burdes, 

Bi-fore alle be folk on he flette, frekej he beddet 

•nd the TeniMiD ' ^ 

to he brought be- Ytfrayly his venysou» to fech hym byfome ; 

He calls Ga- X375 & al godly in gomen GawayLn] he called, 

Teche^ hym to ye tayles of ful tayt bestes, 
Schewej hym ]?e schyree grece scheme vpon rybbes. 

whlrthS-'h^doee " ^^^ P»y®J y^^ >^8 Pl^y ? haf I prys wonnen ? 

5SdJSto?w?J^^ ^^^^ ^*^® ^ >ryuandely >onk Jurj my craft serued?" 

eeseinthechaee. << j^ I-wysse," quoth >at o>tfr wyje, "here is wayth 

fayrest 
On the knight P&t I se^ ]7is seuen ^ere in sesoun of wynt^r." 

eS'satisled, he " & al I gif yow, Gawayn," quoth }e gome ^enne, 

whole according 1384 "For by a-corde of couenaunt je crane hit as your 

to a former agree* ,, 

ment between awen. 

'them* 

** pis IS Both," quoth }?e segge, "I say yow J^at ilke, 
&* I haf worthyly l^is wone^ wyth-inne, 

Oa Wayne glTea 

fhe kniffht a I-wysse wttA as god wylle hit worj?ej to jowrej." 

return. 1388 He hasppe^ his fayre hals his arme^ wyth-inne, 

& kysses hym as comlyly as he' conjee awyse : 
" Tas yow }ere my chenicaunce, I chened no more, 
I wowche hit saf fynly, ];aj feler hit were." 
1392 "Hit is god," quoth ^e god mon, " grcnit nwrcy J^ore, 
to'to^* wbST ^i* "^y ^ such, hit is >e bett<?r, & ^ je me breue wolde 

■uohweS!**** Where je wan Jyis ilk wele, by wytte of hor' seluen ?" 

1 Andsan. ' ho, in MS. > your? 



RCNEWAL OP COVENANTS. 



45 



"patwatj not forward,'* q«o^Ahe,"frayBtmenomore, am thk does not 



1396 For je haf tan ]?at yow tydej, trawe je non o]^er 

je mowe.'* 
J7ay la^ed, & made hem bly]^, 
Wyth lotej ];at were to lowe, 

1400 To soper ];ay jede asBwyJ^e, 

"Wyth dayntes nwe i«-nowe. 



oovenant, he gets 
no answer to hia 
qoeetion. 



Thev then pro- 
ceea to sapper, 
where were aain- 
ties new and 
enough. 



XI. 

And 8y];en by )?e chymn^ in chamber ]7ay seten, 
"Wyjej ]7e walle wyn wejed to hem oft, 

1404 & eft» in her bonrdywg ];ay bay)?en in 'pe mom, 

To fylle ]?e same forwarder ];at ];ay by-fore maden, 
pat chauwce so by-tydej hor cheuysannce to chaunge, 
What nwej so y&j nome, at najt qnen Jray mette» 

1408 pay acorded of ]?e conenanntej byfore }e court alle ; 
pe benerage watj brojt forth i» bonrde at ];at tyme ; 
penne ]7ay louelych le^ten leue at J^e last, 
Yche bume to his bedde busked bylyue. 

1412 Bi ];at ]^ coke hade crowe^' & cakled bot J^ryse, 

pe lorde watj lopen of his bedde, [&] ]7e leude^ vch one, 
So ]7at ]7e mete & ];e masse wat; metely delyu^red ; 
pe douthe dressed to ];e wod, er any day sprenged, 

1416 tochace; 

He^ wttA hunte & homej, 
pnr^ playne^ ]^ay passe in space, 
Vn-coupled among ];o ];ome^, 

1420 Eache^ ]?at ran on race. 



By the hevth 
they sit. 
Wine is carried 
round. 



Again &r Oa- 
wayne and his 
host renew their 
agreement. 

[Fol. 110.] 

Then they take 
leave of each 
other and hasten 
tohed. 

Scarce had the 
cock cackled 
thrice when the 
lord was np. 



With his hunters 
and horns they 
pursue the chase. 



f 



T-n^ \ nd.^c-m^'^if^'ihk 



XII. 



^tfiA^tpfZ , I, Sone ]?ay calle of a quest in cfcer syde, The hunters 

^^^ pe hunt re-hayted j?e hounde;, )>at hit fyrst mynged, hounds, 



Wylde wordej hyw warp wyth a wrast noyce ; 
1424 pe hownde^ }^at hit herde, hastid ]?ider swy]^, 



which fall to the 
scent forty at 
once. 



crowed (?). 



46 HUNTING THE WILD BOAR. 

& fellen as fast to }re fuyt, fourty at ones ; 

penne such a glau^ande glam of gedered rachche^ 

Bos, yat ];e rochere^ rangen aboute ; 
1428 Hu»tere^ hem hardened with home & wyth mathe. 
JilhSTy^Se pen al i» a sembl^ sweyed to-geder, 

side of a cliff. Bitwene a flosche in >at fryth, & a foo cragge ; 

In a knot, bi a dyffe, at }e kerre syde, Ar^. 'f^x, */^?'? 
1432 per as ]?e rogh rocher vn-rydely watj fallen, 

pay ferden to }e fyndyng, & frekej hem after ; 
on Si 8We«* ^ pay vmbe-kesten ]7e knarre & )?e knot boj^e, 

Vyjej, whyl j?ay wysten wel wy t i«ne hew hit were, 
1436 pe best ];at fer breued watj wyth 'pe blod hounde;. 
S^AheT^ "* *^* penne ];ay beten on }e buskej, & bede hyw vp ryse, 

& he vnsoundyly out sojt seggej ou^-)>wert. 

On ];e sellokest swyn swenged out )?ere, 
a fierce wild boar. 1440 Long sytheu for* )>e sounder )?at wijt for-olde, 

For he watj b[este] & bor al)?er grattest, 

[And eu]ere quen he gronyed, ];e»ne greued mony, 

h**f iislhree^* ^^^ f J'^® *^^ ^^ ^T^ ]?rast he ]?ryjt to ];e er)?e, 

the ground. 1444 ^ gp^ [Jip^] forth good sped, boute spyt more, 

Ande J?ay halowed hyghe ful hyje & hay! hay! cryed, 
[Foi. 1106.] Kaden homej to mouJ?e heterly rechated ; 

Poll qnickiy the Monv wat? he vajTv mouthe of men & of hounde^, 

hunters pursue j t j j j n 

^»™- 1448 pat buskke^ affc^ \\& bor, witA host & wyth noyse, 

to quelle ; 

Ful oft he bydej J?e baye, 

ft mayme^ \e mute Inn-melle, 
tacks the'hounds 1452 He hurte^ of \e hounde^, ft ]7ay 

causing them to ._ _ 1 1 a 11 

yowl and yell. Ful ^omorly ^aule & ^elle. 

XIII. 
The bowmen Schalkej to schote at hym schowen to l?enne, 

tend their arrows 

after this wUd Haled to hvm of her arewej, hitten hym oft ; 

swine, 

1456 Bot^poyntejpayred at ]?e pyth \(A pyjtinhis scheldej, 
& \e barbe^ of his browe bite non wolde, 



K 



\ 



1 



fro (?). 



THE SECRET INTERVIEW. 



47 



J7a; ];e schauen schaft schyndered in pece;, 
pe hede hypped a^ayn, were-so-eu^ hit hitte ; 
1460 Bot quen )?e dyntej hym dered of her dryje strokej, 
pen, brayn-wod for bate, on bumej he rasej, 
Hurtej hem ful heterly ]?er he forth hyje^, 
& mony ar^ed J^erat, & on-lyte^^drojen. 
1464 Bot ]?e lorde on a lyjt horce launces hym ofter. 
As bume bolde vpon bent his bugle he blowe^, 
He rechated, & r[ode]^ j?urj ronej fal )?yk, 
Suande ];i8 wylde swyn til )?e sn»ne schafted. 
1468 pis day wyth ];i8 ilk dede ];ay dryuen on Jyis wyse, 
Whyle oure luflych lede lys in his bedde, 
Gawayn gr«y]?ely at home, in gerej ful ryche 

of hewe ; 
1472 pe lady nojt forjate, 

Com to hym to salue, 
Pul jerly ho watj hjm ate. 
His mode for to remwe. 



but they ^lide off 
shivered in 
pieces. 

Enzuffed with 
the blows. 



he attacks the 
hunters. a 

? OTl A '^'^ 

The lord of the 
land blows his 
bugle, 



and pursues the 
boar. 



All this time Ga- 
wayne lies a bed. 



' i\ 






XIY. 



1476 Ho co/T^mes to ];e cortyn, & at \e knyjt totes, 
& "Wawen her welcumed worj^y on fyrst, 
& ho hym jeldej a^ayn, fill ^eme of hir wordej, 
Settej hir sof[t]ly by his syde, & 8wy];ely ho lajej, 

1480 & wyth a luflych loke ho layde' hyw ];ese wordej : 
" Syr, jif je be Wawen, wonder me ];ynkkej, 
"Wy^e ]7at is so wel wrast alway to god, 
& conne^ not of compaynye ]7e costej vnder-take, 

1484 & if mon kewnes yow hom to knowe, ^e kest hom of 
yowr mywde ; 
poM hatj for-jeten jederly ]7at jisterday I tajtte 
Bi alder-truest token of talk ];at I cow)?e." 
* * What is }?at ? ' ' (]uoth \q wyghe, * * I- wysse I wot neu^r, 

1488 If hit be sothe ];at je breue, ];e blame is myn awen." 



The lady of the 
castle again visits 
Sir Gawayne. 



Softly she sits by 
his side, 



[Fol. 111.] 

and tells the 
knight that he 
has forgotten 
what she taught 
him the day be- 
fore. 



The MS. is here almost illegrible. 



sayde (?). 



48 GAWAYNB AND HIS HOSTESS. 

"I tenght you of ** ^et I kende vow of kyssyng/' quoth te clere benne, 

kissing," she .^ •» * j / 

says, "that be- " Quere-so conntenaunce is coute, quikly to clayme, 

comes every 

Jmi^^t-" J7at bicumes Tclie a kny^t, Jat cortaysy vses." 

1492 "Do way," quoth fat derf mon, "my dere, Jat speche, 
Sat^mStnot ^^^ ^^^ duTst I not do, lest I denayed were, 

istorbWdeJ^^** If I Were wemed, I were wrang I-wysse, jif I profered." 

"Ma fay," quoth Je mere wyf, "je may not be wemed, 
ta*sS^^^*^*^h ^^^^ ^® ^ ^^ in-noghe to constrayne Wyth strenk]7e, jif 

to enforce it. y^^ lykej, 

^if any were so yilanotM J>at yow denaye* wolde." 
" ^, be god," quoth Gawayn, "good is yowr speche, 
Bot JTTete is vn-Jryuande in J^ede ]7#r I lende, 

S^^Sat^eTCTy ^^^^ & ^^^^ &^ }^^ ^ gouen not with gond wylle; 

S?t it nS^ I am at yo«r comaundement, to kysse qnen yow lykej, 

^ ^ ^' Je may lach quen yow lyet, & leue quen yow )?ynkke^, 

in space." 

The lady stpofM 1504 Ve lady loute? a-don», 

down and Usees ^ '' ' 

*»*"*• & comlyly kysses his face, 

Much speche ];ay ^er expoun, 
Of druryes greme & grace. 

XV. 

"iwooidieam," 1608 " I woled' wyt at yow, wyje," tat worW ter sayde, 

she saySf ** why 

you, who are so " & yow wrathod not ]?er-wyth, what were l^e skyUe, 

young and ae- " if » ^ 

^▼«t pat 80 ^ong & SO ^epe, as ^e [ar] at ]7is tyme. 

So cortayse, so kny^tyly, as ^e ar knowen oute, 

tSie^?"rtofio^* ^^^^ * ^^ ^'^ cheualry to chose, ]?e chef \jn% a-losed. 

Is' )^e lei layk of Inf, ]^e lettrure of armes ; 

?is trwe knyjte|, 
of her werkkej, 
1516 How le[des] for her lele Inf hor lyuej han anntered, 
Endured for her drury dulfiil stounde^, 
& aftw wenged wttA her walowr & Toyded her care, 
a knight, ^^^ & brojt blysse i»-to boure, wttA bouwtees hor awen. 

1520 & ^e ar knyjt comlokest kyd of yotir elde, 

» de yaye, in MS. » wolde (?). » In (?). 



A^^i^TidCKa Cii^^hmJt.'^sun^, 1 For to teUe of >is tendjwg of >if 
Q 4^ :tmjut£4^ V^y Hit is ]7e tytelet, token, & tyxt < 



THE LADY TALKS OF LOVE. 



49 



Yowr worde & your worchip walkej ay quere, [foI. iiift.] 

& I haf seten by yowr-self here sere twyes, 
Jet herde I neuer of jour hed helde no wordej 
1524 pat eu^ longed to luf, lasse ne more ; 

& je, ]7at ar bo cortays & coywt of jour hetes, 
Ogh^ to a pnke yjnk jem to schewe, 
& teche Bum tokene^ of trwelnf craftes. 
1528 Why ar ^e lowed, }at alle }e los weldef, 

0}er elks ^e demen me to dille, jour dalyatmoe to herken ? 

for schome ! 
I com hider sengel, & sitte, 
1532 To leme at yow sum game, 

Dos, techej me of yowr wytte, 
Whil my lorde is fix) hame*" 



hftyeneyer talked 
to me of loTB. 



You ought to 
show a young 
thing like me 
gome token of 
• true-loTe'a 
erafta.' 



So teach me of 
yonr *wit' whUe 
my lord is firo|n 
home." 



aays Sir C^- 
waynfiL "tohear 



to expound true- 
loye and tales of 
arms. 



XVI. 

"In goud fay>e," quoth Gawayn, " god yow for-)elde, ^^J^ g^ „ 
1536 Gret is ]^ gode gle, & gomen to me huge, 

J7at so wot}j as je wolde wy»ne hidere, ^^^ 

& pyne yow wttA so pon^ a mon, as play wyth yo«r knyjt, 

With any skynne^ countenannce, hit keu^rej me ese ; 
1540 Bot to take J?e toruayle^ to my-self, to trwiuf expoun, S^f?fe*tS^ 

& towche }e teme^ of tyxt, & tale^ of arme^, 

To yow ];at, I wot wel, weldej more slyjt 

Of ]^t art, bi ];e half, or a hnndreth of seche 
1544 As I am, o^er &aer schal, in erde ]^r I leue. 

Hit were a fole fele-folde, my fire, by my traw]^. 

I wolde yowre wylnyng worche at my myjt. 

As I am hy^y bihalden, & en^r-more wylle 
1548 Be seruaunt to yowr-seluen, so sane me dryjtyn!" 
• pu8 hjm firayned ]?at fire, & fondet hym ofte, 

For to haf wonnen hym to wo^e, what-so scho ]K>|t elle^, 

Bot he defended hym so fayr, ^at no fant semed, 
1552 Ne non euel on naw^er halne^ naw]?^ ]^ay wysten, 

bot blysse ; 



I will, howerer, 
act according to 
your will. 



and ever he your 
servant." 



Thus Gawayne 
defends himsdf. 



tomayle (?). 



50 QAWATNE BEHAVES DISCREETLY. 

pay lajed & layked longe. 
At ]fe last Bcho con hjm kysse, 
kissed theknight, 1556 Hit leue fayre con echo fonge, 

takes leaye of 

kirn. & went hir waye I-wysse. 

XVII. 

hSSTai^^d Then rujes hjm >e renk, & ryses to >e masse, 

^ [r?i. 112.] & sij^en lior din^ watj dyjt & derely serued. 

Meanwkiie the 1560 fe lede With }e ladyej layked alle day, 
wUd Swffl^** Bot ^ lorde ou^ ]fe londej launced ful ofbe, 

Swej his vncely swyn, J^at swyngej bi }e bonkkej, 
t^t wt the^ks & ][)ote }e best of his brachej J^e bakke; in sunder ; 

■«°^^^^» 1564 per he bode in his bay, teV bawe-men hit broken, 

& made' hym, maw-gref his hed, for to mwe vtt^* ; 
and caused the So fello flonej bor flete, when }?e folk gedered ; 

stiffest of the ^~, _ , 

honters to start. £ot jet J^o stynest to start bi stoundej he made, 

1568 Til at J^e last he watj so mat, he myjt no more renne. 
The boar runs Bot in J^c hast J^at he myjt, he to a hole wynnej, 

into a hole ina _. ,. ,,, ,-. 

rock by the side Of a rasse, bi a rokk, per rennej be borme, 

of a brook. .^ 

He gete ]?e bonk at his bak, bigynej to scrape, 
a?hismou^*°** ^^*^^ P© froj^e femed^ at his mouth vnfayre bi ]?e wykej, 

Whettej his whyte tuschej ; wttA hyw )>en irked 
Alle ]te burnej so bolde, J^at hym by stoden, 
SSIrffhiS,*'*" To nye hym on-ferum, bot neje hym non durst 

1576 for wo}?e ; 

He hade hurt so mony byfome, 
pat al J^ujt* J^enne ful loj^e, 
so many had he Be more wyth his tuschej tome, 

tSSs!" 1580 pat breme watj [&] brayn-wod both^. 

xvni. 

The S^bokTSt "^ ^ knyjt com hym-self, kachande his blonk, 

^ay» Syj hym byde at J>e bay, his bumej bysyde, 

horw* ^^ ^^' ^® ly?t^* luflych adoun, leuej, his corsowr, 

1 til (?) » madee, in MS. » fomed (?). * >ojt (?). 



THE WILD BOAR IS KILLED. 



51 



1684 Brayde; out a bryjt bront, & bigly forth strydej, 
Pormdej fast J^urj ]fe forth, J^er J^e felle bydej, 
pe wylde watj war of J^e wyje with weppen in honde, 
Hef hyjly ]te here, so hett^ly he foast, 

1688 pat fele ferde for J^e frekej,^ lest felle hjm J?e woire ; 
pe swyn settej hjm out on J^e segge euen, 
pat J^e bume & J?e bor were boj^e vpon hepej, 
In J^e wyjt-est' of }?e wat^r, ]fe worre had J^at o}&r ; 

1592 Por }?e mon merkkej hjm wel, as J^ay mette fyrst, 
Set sadly }?e scharp in J^e slot euen, 
Hit hym yp to ]?e hult, ]?at J^e hert schyndered, 
& he ^arrande hym ^elde, & ^edoun' "j^e wat^, 

1596 fultyt; 

A hundreth houndej hym hent, 
pat bremely con hym bite, 
Bume; him bro^t to bent, 

1600 & dogge^ to dethe endite. 



and seeks to at- 
tack him with his 
sword. 



The << swine sets 
oat" upon the 
man, 



who, aiming well. 



wounds him in 
the pit of the 
stomach* 



[Fol. 1135.] 

The boar is soon 
bitt^i to death 
by a hundred 
hounds. 



► 



XIX. 

There watj blawy»g of prys in mony breme home, 

He^e halowing on hi^e, with haj^ele^ ]?at myjt ; 

Brachetes bayed J^at best, as bidden }e maysterej, 
1604 Of ]?at chargeaunt chace J^at were chef huntes. 

penne a wyje J^at watj wys vpon wod crafte;, 

To vnlace fis bor lufly bigy»nej ; 

Fyrst he hewes of his hed, & on hi^e settej, 
1608 & sy]?en rendej him al rogh^ bi ]fe rygge after, 

Braydej out ^e boweles, brennei hom on glede, 

With bred blent jter-with his braches rewarde; ; 

SyjTenhebritne^ out ]?ebraweninbry^tbrode [s]chelde;, 
1612 & hat; out ]fe hastlette;, as hijtly biseme; ; 

& ^t h^m halche; al hole }e haluej to-geder, 

& sy]?en on a stif stange stoutly hem henges. 



Then was thore 
blowing of horns. 



and baying of 
hounds. 



One wisein wood- 
craft begins to 
unlace the boar. 

First he hews off 
the head, then 
rends him by the 
back. 

He next remoyes 
the bowels, broils 
them on the 
ashes, and there- 
with rewards his 
hounds. 

Then the hastlets 
are remoyed. 
The two halyes 
are next bound 
together and 
hunguponapole. 



» freke (?). 



* W7)cr6st (?) ; this word is doiibtM in the MS. 
' jede dotm (?). 



52 QAWATNE RECEITES THE SPOIL. 

' Now with jfis ilk swyn Jay swengen to home ; 
J^^bo^^'befOT? 1616 pe bores hed watj borne bifore }e bumes seluen, 
SSte^lomeT^** f 8* ^«* for-ferde i» >e for>e, >urj forae of his honde, 

so stronge ; 
Til he sej syr Gawayne, 
1620 In halle hym J^o^t ful longe, 

Gawayne is cau- He calde, & he ©om gayn, 

GCL 10 r6C61V6 luC 

spoil. His feej ]^er for to fonge. 



The lord of the be lorde fol lowde witA lote, & laied myry, 

land ia -well ' ' «^ .f ^ 

pleased when he 1624 When ho se?e syr G : with solace he speke^ ; 

sees Sir Gawayne. f »^ x . € f 

He shows him f^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ S^°' * gedored >e meyny, 

the wi?d boar**' ^® schewcj hem J^ Bchelde^ & schapes hem ]te tale, 

iS\2gth^d °' O^ >® largesse, & >e lenje, >e ]i}eme^ alse, 

breadth. ^^28 Of fe were of }e wylde swyn, i» wod Jer he fled. 

pat o]?^ knyjt ful comly comended his dede;, 
& praysed hit as gret prys, J^at he proued hade ; 
of°a bea8t,™sir ^OT suche a brawBO of a best, ]fe bolde bnme sayde, 

never^£w*aeS. * 1632 Ne such sydes of a swyn, segh he nen^r are. 

pewne hondeled J^ay j^e hoge hed, j^e hende mon hit 
praysed, 
[Foi. 113.] & let lodly ]7crat fe lorde forto here : 

Gawayne takes <* Now Gawayn," quotk ^B god mon, ** )as gomen is 

posaessiou of it 

aceordingrto VOWT awen, 

eoT^iant, ^ *^ 

1636 Bi fyn forwarde & faste, faythely ^e knowe, 

" Hit is sothe," quoth )^ segge, " & as siker trwe ; 
AUe my get I schal yow gif agayn, bi my traw)?e." 
kteseshto ^ He [hent] }e ha}?el aboute ]?e halse, & hendely hym 

kysses, 
1640 & efk^-Bones of ]?e same he seraed hym ]?ere. 

" Now ar we euen," quoth ]?e ha|?el, " in ]?is euen-tide. 
Of alle ]?e conenauntes ]?at we knjrt, sy}?en T com hider, 

bilawe;" 
who declares his 1644 X)e lorde savde, "bi saynt Gile, 

guest to be the ^ "^ ' •^ ' 

best he knows. Je ar ]te best }?at I knowe, 



GREAT FBASrmO IN THE HALL. 



53 



Je ben iyche in a whyle, 
Such chaffer & je drowe." 



XXI. 



Tables are raised 

aloft, 

cloths cast upon 

them, 

and torches are 

lighted. 



Withmudh mirth 
and glee, 



sup 
in 



pper IS 8 
the hall. 



is serred 



and ever onr 
lovely knight by 
the lady sits. 



1648 penne J^ayteldet table} [on] trestes alofte, 
Xesten cloj^ej vpon, clere lyjt J?e»ne 
Wakned bi wojej, waxen torches 
Segge^ sette, & seraed in sale al aboute ; 
1652 Much glam & gle glent yp J^^-inne, 

Aboutfe ]fe fyre vpoa flet, & on fele wyse, 
At ]?e soper & aft^, mony aj^el songe^, 
As coundutes of kryst-masse, & carole^ newe, 
1656 With aUe fe man^rly merpe "pat mon may of telle. 
& eu^ oure luflych knyjt pe lady bi-syde ; 
Such semblaunt to J^at se^e semly ho made, 
Wyth stille stoUen countenaunce, ]f&t stalworth to plese, J^f^to^eaSe her 
1660 pat al for- wondered watj >e wyje, & wroth with hjm- co»pw»ion. 
seluen, 
Bot he nolde not for his nurture nume hir a-^ayne^, 
Bot dalt With hir al in daynte, how-se-euer pe dede turned 

to wrast; 
1664 Quen J^ay hade played in halle, 

As lange as hor wylle horn last, 
To chambre he^ con hym calle, 
& to J^e chenme pay past. 



When they had 
long played in 
the hall, 

they proceeded 
" to ojuunber." 



f 



xxn. 

1668 Ande ]?er ]?ay dronken, & dalteni & domed efitnwe, 
To nome on pe same note, on nwe^ere^ euen; 
Bot pe kny|t craned leue to kayre on ]fQ mom, 
Por hit wat; ne^ at pe terme, pat he to' schulda 

1672 J7e lorde hym letted of J^at, to lenge hyjn resteyedi 
& sayde, '' as I am trwe segge, I siker my trawj^e, 
pcfn schal cheue to pe grene chapel, J^y charres to make, 



There they drank 
and discoursed. 



Gawayne b^:s 
leaye to deput 
on the morrow. 

[Fol. 1136.] 

Hia host swears 
to him, 
that he shall 
cometotheOreen 



» ho (?). 



te(?). 



64 PREPARATIONS FOR HUNTING. 

o^i on New Leude, on nwjerej lyjt, longe bifore pryme ; 

before prime. 1676 Por-JrjT ]fow lye in yj loft, & lach ]fjn ese, 

& I Bchal hunt in J^is holt, & halde J^e towche^, 
Chaunge wyth ]te chenisaimce, bi J^at I charre hider; 
. For I haf fraysted >e twys, & faytbfdl I fynde >e, 
1680 ITow yrid tyme J^rowe best )?enk on ]te mome, 

Make we mery quyl we may, & mynne vpon loye, 
For Je lur may mon lach, when so mon lyke^.*' 
2Se^* wiSS ^"* ^**^ gray>ely grau»ted, & Gawayn is lenged, 

foranothernight. 1684 BHjTe brojt watj hym drynk, & J?ay to bedde jeden, 

with lijt ; 
SSy1?e'5tp. Syr G : lis & Slopes, 

^^ "^fi^^*- Ful stiUe & soffce al nijt ; 

Early in the 1688 l?e lorde bat his crafte? kepes, 

morning the loid ▼, i , , / x- j 

is «p- Ful erly he watj dijt. 

XXIII. 
After mas8» a Aft^ messo a morsel he & his men token, 

morsel he takes __, , 

with his men. Miry wai^ J^e momywg, his moiinture he askes ; 

Then were au on ^^^^ ^^^ ^ hajeles >at on horse schulde helden hjm aft&r, 
toSfth^^.^ "Were bou» busked on hor blonkkej, bi-fore^ }e halle 

gates. jatej ; 

Si«™m'o^. ^^^ly ^*y^® ^**? >« ^olde, for >e forst clenged, 

In rede rudede Tpon rak rises Je sunne, 

T^nnters, dis- 1696 & M dore costej* >e clowdes of >e welkyn. 

wood's side, Hunteres ynhardeled bi a holt syde, 

Bocheres roungen bi rys, for rurde of her homes ; 

^k 3? f J^* Sujnme fel in >e fate, >er >e fox bade, 

1700 Traylej ofte a trayt<?res,' bi traunt of her wyles ; 
A kenet kryes }>erof, ];e hunt on hyw calles, 
His felajes fallen hyjn to, jfot fiiasted fal >ike, 

n^the hSr£ »^^en forth in a rabel, in his ryjt fare ; 

1704 & he fyskej hem by-fore, J^ay founden hym sone, 

SSofSg^^e, & qiien >ay segh^i hyw witA syjt, >ay sued hym faat, 

Wrejande hyw ful weterly with a wroth noyse ; 

1 bi-forere, in MS. « castej (?). 8 trayveres (?). 



THE HOUNDS UNEARTH A FOX. 



65 



& he trantes & tomayeej ]?urj mony tene greue ; 
1708 Hamlounej, & herkene;, bi heggej ful ofte ; 

At ]fe last bi a littel dicb be lepe^ ou^ a spenn^, 
Stele^ out M stilly bi a strotbe rande. 
Went haf wylt of J^e wode, with wylej firo Jtc boundes, 
1712 penne watj he went, er be wyst, to^ a wale tryst^r, 
per fre J>ro at a J^rich J^rat byi» at ones, 

algraye; 
He blenched ajayn bilyue, 
1716 & stifly start on-stray, 

With alle )?e wo on lyue, 
To JTe wod be went away. 



and poTBue him 
through many a 
rough grove. 

[Fol. 114.] 
The fox at last 
leaps oyer a 
spinny, 

and by a rugged 
IMith seeks to get 
clear fi^m the 
hounds. 

He comes upon 
one of the hunt- 
ing stations, 
where he is at- 
tacked by the 
dogs. 

Howeyer, he slips 
them, 



and makes again 
for the wood. 



> 



XXIV. 

Thenne watj hit lif vpon list to lyj^en ]?e boande^, 

1720 When alle ]?e mute hade hjm met, menged to-geder, 
Suche a sor^e at J^at sy^t Jray sette on bis hede. 
As alle ]?e clamberande clyffes bade clat^ed on hopes ; 
Here he wat^ halawed, when baj^ele^ hjm metten, 

1724 Loude he wat^ jayned, with ^arande speche ; 
per he wat^ J^reted, & ofte J^ef called, 
& ay J^e titleres at bis tayl, ]?at tary be ne my^t ; 
Offce he wat^ runnen at, when be out rayked, 

1728 & ofte reled in a^ayn, so reniarde wai^ wjl6. 

& ^e be lad hem bi lag, mon, J^e lorde & his meyny ; 
On J^is man^ bi )?e mouwtes, quyle myd, ou^r, vnder, 
Wbyle ]te hende kny^t at home holsumly slepe^, 

1732 Witb-inne J^e comly cortynes, on ]?e colde mome. 
£ot ]fe lady for luf let not to slepe, 
Ne JTC purpose to payre, J^at pyjt in bir hert, 
Bot roB bir vp radly, rayked bir J^eder, 

1736 In a mery mantyle, mete to J^e erj^e, 

pat watj farred fol fyne with fellej, wel pured, 
"No hwe^ goud on bir hede, bot ]?e bajer stones 



Then was it fine 
sport to listen to 
the hounds. 



and the hallooing 
of the hunters. 



There the fox was 
threatened and 
called a thief. 



But Reynard was 
way, 

and led them 
astray oyer 
mounts. 
Meanwhile the 
knight at home 
soundly sleeps 
within niB comely 
curtains. 



The lady of the 
castle, clothed in 
a rich mantle. 



> to to, in MS. 



] 



56 GAWAYNE IS VISITED BY HIS HOSTESS. 

Trased aboute hir tressotfr^ be twenty in divftdres ; 
bowmS^biSj, ^^^^ ^^ >ryuett £aoe & hir >rote Jrowen al naked, 

Hir brest bare bifore, & bihinde qke. 
ini^'8^<£!m- ^^ comej wttA-inne Je cbambre dore, & closes bit hir 

^' aftw, 

opens a irtodow, Wayne J* vp a wyndow, & on J?e wyje calle;, 

1744 & radly ]m« rebayted bym, with hir riche. Yorde^^ 

with* cbere ; 
**Ahi man, how ^' A ! mon, how may ]?ou sle^, 

[FoL 114ft.] pis morning is so clere ?" 

tiSr*,iSSiSrS! 1^4^ ^« ^*^ i» drowping dope, 

£ot J^enne be con hir here. 



■o clear!" 



XXV. 

TiM knight was In dre^ droupyng of dreme draneled J^at noble^ 

his fortboonSng As mon bat wat^ in momyng of mony bro J^oites, 

adycntun at the -, 

Qreen coiapei. 1752 How ]^at destin^ scbnlde ]yat day [dyjtj bis wyrde, 

At J^e grene cbapel, wben be ]?e gome metesy 
& bi-boues bis buffet abide, witb-oute debate more; 

He awakes and Bot quen bat comlv be keu^ed bis wjttes, 

speaks to his folr ^ j - ^ w 

Vktor, 1756 Swenges out of ]?e sweuenes, & swarej wt tA bast. 

J7e lady luflycb com lajande swete, 

SSMThSS?^ -^^^ ^^^ ^ ^y^ ^^^f * ^®^y ^y*^ kysaed ; 

He welcome^ bir worjal^^ witb a wale cbere ; 

1760 He se^ bir so gloriot^, & gayly atyred, 

^ ^ . So fautles of bir fetures, & of so fyne bewes, 

Great joy warms f j t 

^ hesrt of Sir 'W'ijt wallandc loye wanned bis bert ; 

With Bmojfe smyljng & smolt J^ay smeten in-to merj^, 
1764 pat al wat| blis & boncbe^ J^at broke bem bi-twene, 

& Wynne ; 
pay lanped wordes gode, 
Much wele ]fen watj ]?^-inne, 
and"gi«at peril 1768 Oret p^e bi-twene bem stod, 

between them. - ^ ' 

■*«^- ' Nif mare of bir kny^t mynne, 

^ wayue} (?}. ' bi, ii see. manr 



r 



XHM limOUT 1^ IN; GBBAT PSBIL. 57 

- XXVI. 

For ^t prynce of prie depreaed hjm so fikke, Seiy^roawed 

Kumed hjm so ne^e jte ]ned, ]?at nede hym bi-houed, 

1772 0J«- lack }^e^ hir liif, ojter lodly refdse ; 

fie eared for his cortajsye, lest cTa^a3m he were, 

& morfe for his mesohef, jif he schulde make synne, Soiddbe^e*a 

& be traytor to ^at tolke, )?at ]^at telde ajt. SSt*^ ^ ^ 

1776 " Gtqd sohylde,'^ quoth fe schalk, ** J«it schal not be- 
faUer" 
With luf-la^yng a lyt, he layd hyw by-syde 
Alle ]te speche^ of specialty J^at sprange of her mouthe. 
Quoth y&t burde to jto bume, '^ blame ^e disseme, 

1780 Jif je luf not J^at lyf )?at je lye nexte, 

Bifore alle 'be wy?e? in be worlde, wounded in hert, whether he has a 

r J7 7 r 7 ^ miatreae that he 

Bot if je haf a.lemmjan, a leiwr, )?at yow lykej better, ^teahetter than 
& folden fayth to J^at fre, festned so harde, 
1784 pat yow lausen ne lyst, & )?at I leue nou]7e ; [Foi. lis.] 

And )?at je telle me )?at, now trwly I pray yow, 
For aUe J^e lufej ypon lyue, layne not ]^ soJto, 

for gile/' 
1788 j7e knyjt sayde, " be sayn Io0,'^ U^eST'^t 

& sme>ely con he smyle, iSSb«^i?'nor 

" In fayth I welde lijt non, ^«^» ««»• 

Ne non wil velde Je quile," 

xxvn. 

1792 "pat is a.worde," quoth Jat wyjt, "fat worst is of alle, 

Bot I am swared for soj^e, ]?at sore me ]?inkke^ ; 

Eysse me now comly, & I schal each he)?en, Sn,*2Sinir^ 

Imaybotmowmevponmolde, asmay]?atmuchloayes." ■*""^* 
1796 Sykande ho sweje dou», & semly hym kyssed, 

& sij^en ho seueres hym &o, & says as ho stondes, * 

" Now, dere, at ]?is de-party«g, dp me J^is ese, 

Gif me sumquat of Jry gifte, >i gloue if ' hit were, ^dedrea aome 
1800 J?at I may my»ne on }>e mon, my moe^myng to lassen." Semto him "" 

1 of, in MS. 






68 THE LADY OFFERS OAWATIfE A RING. 

''Now I-wysse," quoth J^at wyje, "I wolde I hade hew 
pe leuest ]?ing for ]fj liif, J^at I in londe welde, 
SrSt S? is ^or je haf deserued, forso>e, seUyly offce 

^£Jf h?2S 1804 More rewarde bi resoun, >e» I reohe myjt, j 

*°^* Bot to dele yow for dmrye, Jot dawed hot neked ; 

Hit is not yo«r hono«r to haf at jna tyme 
A glone for a garysoun, of Gawayne^ &^h 
1808 & I am here [on] an erande in erde^ yncou]?ey 
with mails oon- & haue no men wyth no male|, with menskfol Hngej ; 

taining precious «-,••! 

things. pat miuykej me, lade, for luf at ]as tyme,' i 

Iche tolke mon do as he is tan, tas to non ille, 
1812 nepine." 

to^SoiS* *^* " ]Nray, hende of hyje honows," 

Quoth bat lufsum vnder lyne, 

"Though I had *. / , , 

nought of yours, <* Vsii I hade oU' of vowre?, 

Jet should ye ^ ' i j n 

•ve of mine." 1816 }et schulde JO haue of myne." ] 

XXVIII. 

B^d rin" ^*^ * ^^ ^^ ^y^ ^ riche rynk* of red golde werkej, 

Wyth a starande ston, stondande alofbe, 
pat here blusschande beme^ as J^e bryjt snnne \ 
1820 Wyt je wel, hit watj worth wele fal hoge. 
S^Jt i"*^*^ ^ ^ot >e renk hit renayed, & redyly he sayde, 

[Foi. ii»o " I wil no giftej for gode, my gay, at Jis tyme ; 

Sv^iS^tSS?.**" I ^^ ^one yow to nome, ne nojt wyl I take." 

1824 Ho bede hit hym fill bysily, & he hir bode wemes, 
& swere swyftel[y] his sothe, J>at he hit sese nolde; 
wS7tiStftSratte & ^'^ sore ^at he forsoke, & sayde )7«*-affcer, 

onaecount of his ^^ j^ ^^ renay my rynk,' to ryche for hit semej, 

1828 Je wolde not so hyjly halden be to me, 

I schal gif yow my girdel, J^at gaynes yow lasse." * 

Ho lajt a lace lyjtly, }?at* leke vmbe hir syde, 
^j§^?, *** ^•^ Knit vpon hir kyrtel, vnder >e clere mantyle, 

1 832 Gered hit wat^ wt tA grene sylke, & with golde schaped, 

1 tyne, in MS. » nojt (?). » i:yiig (?). * >at fat, in MS. 



<« 



HE REFUSES TO TAKE ANYTHING. 69 

Nojt hot arounde brayden, beten with fyngrej ; 
& )7at ho bede to }>e bume, & blyj^ely bi-sojt 
e fS^*' J?aj hit vn-wor)?! were, J^at he hit take wolde. ^ totaSw^S! 

'\ iz . 1836 & he nay Jat he nolde neghtf in no wyse, 
' Nau^r golde ne garysoun, er god hjm grace sende, oawayne again 

To acheue to Je chauwce Jat he hade chosen Jere. anything, 
" & J^erfore, I pray yow, displese yow nojt, 
1840 & lette; be yowr bisinesse, for I bayj^e hit yow neu^ 

to grannte ; 
I am derely to yow biholde, 
Bi-cause of yot^r sembelaunt, 
1844 & eu^ in hot & colde "OT^Saiffiind 

m -1 I • J ,1 in cold, to be her 

To be yo«r trwe seruau»t." true servant" 

XXIX. 

"Now forsake xe Ms silke/' sayde be burde henne, "Do you reftue 

^ ^ ^ ^ ' r ^ it," says the lady, 

' " For hit is symple m hit-self, & so hit wel seme| ? ".because it is 

1848 Lo ! BO hit is littel, & lasse hit is wor]?y ; 

Bot who-80 knew be costes bat knit ar ber-inne, ^^(^^ !™*?^.?^® 

^ ' _ * ' Tirtnes that it 

He wolde hit prayse at more prys, parauenture ; ESIf**?izrit^ 

For quat gome so is gorde with yia grene lace, For he who is 

1852 While he hit hade hemely halched aboute, green lace, 
per is no haj^el vnder heuen to-hewe hym ]^at myjt ; 

For he myjt not be slayn, for slyjt vpon erj^e." cannot bewound- 

eel or slain* 

fen kest J^e knyjt, & hit come to his hert, 
1856 Hit were a luel for be lopard^, bat hym iugged were, thinks^ his ad- 

' ^ venture at the 

When he acheued to be chapel, his chek forto fech ; Green chapei. 

''^ *^ The lady presses 

Myj^he haf slypped to be vn-slayn, ]7e sle^t were noble, himto a4soept the 
AcmJL '9^4 1 pewne he jmlged with hir )«repe, & Joled hir to speke, [Foi. iie.] 
1 3 ^p y I860 & ho here on hjm be belt, & bede hit hyw swybe, He consents not 
^ & he gr^mted, & [ho] hjm gafe with a goud wylle, girdle, but to 

& bi-sojt hym, for hir sake, disceiur hit neu^, sionof itasecret, 

Bot to lelly layne for' hir lorde ; J^e leude hyw acorde^, 



1864 patneu^wyjeschiildehitwyt,I-wysse,bot];aytwayne, 

for no^te ; 

imyjt(?). «fro(?). 



60 THE KNIGHT CONCEALS THE LOVE-LACE. 

He J'onkked hir oft fdl swyJ^Oi 
Fill ]»:o With hert & J^o^t 

iSy%**WiJSd 1868 Bi >at on >ry«ne syfe, 

Ho hat} kyst }e kny^t bo toft. 



bim thrice. 



I 



h^ea^ **^^ Thewne kchcbej ho hir leue, & leuej hyui J^ew, 

For more myrj^e of J^at mon mo^t ho not gete ; 

dSTmSStf, 18^^ When ho^ watj gon, syr G. gerej hym sone, 

Kises, & riches hym in araye noble, 

wSrSi>S* Ws vp >e luf.kce, >e lady hym ra?t, 

hip penon. 2i^ ^^ £^2 holdely, }er he hit eft fonde ; 

1876 Sy]Fen cheuely to Jfo chapel choses he J^e waye, 
Hejhen hiM to Pjreuely aproched to a prest, & prayed hyw J^ere 

J?at he wolde lyfte* his lyf, & lem hyw bett^. 
How his sawle schulde be saued, when he schuld 
seye he^. 

ofhiaSsSed?* ^^^^ ^^^ ^® sohrof hyw sohyrly, & schewed his mysdedej, 

Of ]^ more & J^e mynne, & m^rci besechej, 

JSnSS*'^ •**" & of absolncioun he on fe segge calles ; 

& he asoyled hym surely, & sette hym so clone, 

SrSTmai^ 1884 As domej-day schtdde haf ben dijt on >e mom. 

^o^thSu^ ft syj^n he mace hym as mery among ]?e fre ladyes, 

euoit^'^ W»tA comlych caroles, & alle kynnes ioye, 

As neu^ he did bot }&t daye, to J^e deack ny^ 
1888 wttAblys; 

Yehe mon hade daynte ]^are, 

that th«y said, Of hym, & sayde I-wysse, 

"Thus merry lpu8 myrv he wat? neu^ are, 

was he neTer be- ^ *f *> € 

fore since hither 1892 Svn he com hider, er bis. 

heeame." ^ ' •* 

XXXI. 

SuSthe'idd^ Now hym lenge in Jat lee, }er luf hym bi-tyde ; 

Jet is ]?e lorde on }e launde, ledande his gomnes, 

1 he, in M& > lyite (?}. 



1 



THE FOX T3 KItL'ED BT THE BOOS. 



61 



i 



He hat^ foifaren }p& fox, \(ik he folded longe ; 

1896 As he sprent ou^r a spenne, to spye }>e sdirewe, 
J?er as lie herd J^e howndes, J^at hasted hyw swyje, 
Eenaud com richchande ]mr^ a ro^e grene, 
& alle ^e rabel ii» a res, ry^ at his hele^ 

1900 J?e wy^e watj war of J^ wylde, & warly abides, 
& bmyde; out J?e bryjt bronde, & at J^e best castej ; 
& he schnnt for J^e scharp, & schnlde haf areved, 
A rach rapes hyw to, ryjt er he myjt, 

1904 & ry^t bifore ]?e hors fete J^ay fel on hym alle, 
& woried me }ds wyly wyth a wroth noyse. 
pe lorde ly?tej bi-lyue, & cache^ by ^ sone. 
Based hym ful radly out of ]?e rach mouj^es, 

1908 Halde^ he^e ou^ his hede, halowe^ faste, 
& \€r bayen hyw mony bray^ hounde^ ; 
Huntes hyjed hem }«der, wttA home^ ful mony. 
Ay rechatande ary^t til ]7ay \^ renk se^en ; 

1912 Bi J^at watj comen his compeyny noble, 
Alle ]?at eu^ ber bugle blowed at ones, 
& alle ]ase o\er halowed, ]?at hade no homes. 
Hit wat; J^e myriest mute J^at euer men herde, 

1916 pe rich rurd ]^at \er watj raysed for renaude saule, 

w»tA lote ; 
Hor hou^de^ ]?ay ]?^ rewarde, 
Her* hedej Jay fawne & firote, 

1920 & syj^en J^ay tan reynarde, 

& tyzafiu of his cote. 









xxxn. 



& Jenne ]?ay helden to home, for hit watj niej nyjt, 
Strakande ful stoutly in hor store home; ; 
1924 pe lorde is ly^t at J^e laste at hys lef home, 
Fyndej fire vpon flet, Je freke \er by-side, 
Sir Gawayn Je gode, J^at glad watj w»tA alle. 
Among ]^ ladies for luf he ladde much ioye. 



He has destroyed 
the fox. 



[Fol. U6&.] 

HeBpiedReynazd 
coming througti 
a " rough groye,*' 



and tried to hit 
him with his 
sword. 



Thefox**8hant8" 
and Ui seised bj 
one of the dogs. 



The lord takes 
him out of the 
hound*s mouth. 



Hunters hasten 
thither with 
horns ftill many. 



It was the mer- 
riest meet that 
ever was heard. 



The hounds are 
rewarded, 

and then they 
take Reynard and 
« turn ofT his 
eoat." 



The hunters then 
hasten home. 



The lord at last 
alights at his dear 
home, 



whereheflndsGa- 
wayne amusing 
the ladies. 



hyiii(?). 



2 braf (?). 



^ Her her, in MS. 



62 FULPILMKNT OP 00VBNANT8. 

1928 He were a bleaunt of blwe, }ai bradde to ]?e er]?e, 
His surkot semed hjm wel, J'at sofbe watj forred, 
& his hode of ]?at ilke henged on his schulder, 
Theknightoomes Blande al of blauitner were bobe al aboute. 

forward and ird- ' 

eomea his host, 1932 He mete^ me J?i8 god man in myddej J^e flore, 

& al with gomen he hjm gret, & goudly he sayde, 
" I schal fyUe vpon fyrst oure forwarder nou]7e, 
[Foi. 117.] pat we spedly han spoken, ]?er spared watj no drynk ;" 

joj^«^^M*«« 1936 pen acoles he [ye] knyjt, & kysses hym )?rye8, 

(See 1. 1868.) j^ sauerly & sadly as he hem sette cou}?e. 

^JJy^y'yya « Bi kryst," quoth >at o}er knyjt, " je each mnch sele, 

bSIfi'^*"^^^ In cheuisaunce of Jis chaffer, jif je hade goud chepej." 

1940 " Je of ]fe chepe no charg," quoth chefly Jat ojfer, 
** As is pertly payed }>e chepej Jat I ajte." 
<< Mary," quoth J^at o^er mon, " myn is bi-hynde, 
L^md'hi?^"" • ^^^ ^ ^^ hunted al >is day, & nojt haf I geten, 

bSt^rikS^of ^^^^ ^^* >^^ ^^^® ^®^ ^^®» >® ^®^^® ^^ f® g^®?» 

thia foul fox, ^ j^j^ jg fiQ^ ^xe^ for to pay for suche prys ]a»ges, 

SSSe' raST*'**^ As.je haf J^ryjt me here, J^ro suche Jre cosses, 

kisses." „- «.^j^ >j 

SO gode. 
1948 ** Inoj," q«o^A syr Gawayn, 

" I }>onk yow, bi J^e rode ;" 

■^■^' He tolde hym, as J^ay stode. 

XXXIII. 

Sd^^i^teSi?'' 1952 With m^>e & mynstralsye, wyth metej at hor wylle, 
theymade merry, p^^ maden as mery as any men molten. 

With lajyng of ladies, with lotej of bordej ; 

Gkiwayn & J^e gode mon so glad were J^ay bo]7e, 
1956 Bot if ]?e douthe had doted, ojter dronken ben opevy 

BoJ'e ]?e mon & J^e meyny maden mony iape^, 
untu the time Til J'O sesoun wat^ sejeu, J^at J^ay seu^ moste ; 

^Su Bumei to hor bedde be-houed at J^e laste. 

1960 penne lojly his leue at }e lorde fyrst 
leai^Shis host, Fochchej J^is fre mon, & fayre he hym }>onkkej ; 



GAWAYNE TAKES LEAVE OP HIS HOST. 63 

" Of such a sellyly ^ soiome, as I haf hade here, and tiuuiks wm 

J 'f ^ 'for his happy 

Your honoMT, at )?is hyje fest, ]?e hyje ky»g yow jelde ! "sojounu'^ 
1964 I jef yow me for on of yoMrej, if yowre-self lykej, 

Por I mot nodes, as ^e wot, meue to mome ; 

& je me take sui» tolke, to teche, m je hyjt, SLto^hhim 

pe gate to Je grene chapel, as god wyl me suffer ore^^iapeL * 
1968 To dele, on nwjerej day, ]?e dome of my wyrdes." 

"In god fayje," qwo^A fe god mon, '*wyth a goud 
wylle; 

Al fat eu^ I yow hyjt, halde schal I rede." 

per asyngnes he a seruau^t, to sett hym in ]?e waye, gig^tohim, 
1972 & coundue hym by J?e downej, J^at he no drechoh had, [FoL ii7ft.] 

For to f[e]rk J^urj Jtc fryth, & fare at )?e gaynest, 

bi greue. 
j7e lorde Gawayn con J^onk, 
1976 Such worchip he wolde hyw weue ; 

fen at bo ladye^ wlonk, and th«n he takes 

' * ^ f ' leave of the la- 

J?e knyjt hatj tan his leue. ^^««» 



XXXIV. 

"With care & wyth kyssyng he carppej hem tille, *°^fi*^*°^*°'" 
1980 & fele J'ryuande ]K>nkke^ he }?rat hom to haue, 
& )7ay jelden hyw a}ay[n] jeply J^at ilk ; 
pay bikendehyw to kryst, wttA fiil colde sykynge^ They craimead 

'^ ^ ^ •'' JJ07 him to Christ. 

Syjen fro ]7e meyny he menskly de-partes ; He then departs, 

1984 Yche mon J^at he mette, he made hem a J'onke, onehem^ts^«for 

•ri«* o_i_* 1 Ai_* 1^8 service and 

For his seruyse, & his solace, & his sere pyne, solace." 

pat J^ay wyth busynes had ben, aboute hym to seme; 
& vche segge as sore, to seu^r wttA hym J^ere, 
1988 As }>ay hade wonde worj^yly witA fat wlonk eu^. 

pe» wttA ledes & lyjt he watj ladde to his chambre, He retires to rest, 

but sleeps bnt 

& bly|?ely brojt to his bedde, to be at his rest ; litue, 

^if he ne slope soundly, say ne dar I, 

1 seUy (?). 



64 A STORMY NEW TEAR's DAY. 

taTt^kof^t^ ^^^^ ^^ ^® ^*^® mnche on }e mom to mywne, jif he wolde, 
™<>"*^- in J?ojt ; 

i^ him there Ue Let hjm lyje J?ere stille, 

He hat^^ nere yat he so^t, 

ttdTsEm ten 1996 & je wyl a whyle be styUe, 

JjJJ^JfjJ^ I schal telle yow how J^ay wrojt. 



[FYTTE THE POURTH.] 

I. 

New Y^s Dijr \r^^ ^^^^ ^ nwjere, & }e nyjt passej, 

-i-^ pe day dryne^ to j^e derk, as dryjtyn bidden ; 

^Pbeweather is 2000 Bot wylde wederej of }e worlde wakned }>eronte, 

ClowdeB kesten kenly ]>e colde to ]?e erj^e, 
Wyth nyje' in-nogh^ of J^e nor]Fe, 'pe naked to tene ; 

Snow fiuiB, pe snawe snitered fol snart, ]?at snayped J^e wylde ; 

2004 J7e werbelande wynde wapped fro ^ hyje, 

Thedaieeazeftiu & drof vche dale ful of dryfles ful grete. 

J7e leude lystened ful wel, ]?at le^ in his bedde, 
J7aj he lowkej his lidde^, fol lyttel he slepes ; 

^bed ^MTB^eaoh 2008 Bi Ych kok ]?at crae, he knwe wel ]?e steuen. 

cock that erew. -rwi*ni^ •« ^i « 

[Fol. 118.] Delinmy he dressed Yp, er pe day spienged> 

Por ]>ere wat^ ly^t of a lau[m3pe, ]«t lemed »n his 
chambre; 
He calls for hie He Called to his chamb^layn, ]«t oofly hym Bwared, 

and bids him 2012 & bedo hym bryng hym his bronyi & his blonk sadel ; 
annonr. fat opet forko^ hyi» Yp, & feche} hym his wede^, 

& grayj^i me syr Gawayn Ypon a grett wyse. 
Pyrst he clad hym in his cLope^y pe colde for to were ; 
2016 & Bjpen his oper hamays, J^at holdely wat; keped, 
Bo]?e his pannce, & his plate^, piked fill dene. 
Men knock off fe ryngej' rokked of be roust, of his riche bruny ; 

the nut from hit 

rich habergeon. & al wat^ fresoh as Ypon fjrrst^ & he wat; f ayn penne 

2020 to >onk ; 

* wat) (?). * nywe (?). • rynkej (?). 



GAWAYNE CALLS FOR HIS STEED. 66 

He hade vpon vche pece, 
Wypped fill wel & wlonk ; 
pe gayest in to Grece, 
2024 pe bume bede bryng his blonk. SiiS?&*s^ 

II. 

Whyle }e wlonkest wedes he warp on hym-seluen ; JJ^J^^i^** 

His cote, wyth Je conysaunce of }e clere werke;, "**^ yrteds, 

Ennnined vpon yeluet Tertauus^ stonej, 
2028 Aboute beten, & boiinden, enbrauded seme;, 

& fayre fiirred w*tA-inne wyth fayre pelures. 

Jet lafb he not }e lace, }e ladiej giffce, ^e '"^aoe,»?°tii6 

J?at for-gat not Gkiwayn, for gode of hym-seluen ; ^ *^ 

2082 Bi he hade belted }e bronde vpon his balje haimche;, 

j7enne dressed he his drurye double hym aboute ; ^Sd his loSS^ 

SwyJ^e swej^led vmbe his swange swetely, Jat knyjt, 

pe gordel of ]^e grene silke, J^at gay wel bi-semed, 
2036 Ypon )^at ryol red cloj^e, J^at ryche watj to schewe. 

Bot wered not J^is ilk wyje for wele J^is gordel, p® iti^ri^h* ^^. 

For pryde of }e pendaunte^, J^aj polyst }a,j were, mento, 

& ]^a^ ]^e glyt^ande golde glent ypon ende^ 
2040 Bot forto sauen hym-self, when suffer hyw bi-houed, ^g'^^STit^-' 

To byde bale w*tA-oute dabate, of bronde hym to were, JSrS?.'^ ^ 

o\er knyffe ; 
Bi J^at \e bolde mon boun, 
2044 Wy»nej J^eroute bilyue, 

Alle \e meyny of renoun, i£JSbiTh7°** 

He >onkkej ofte fal ryue. ***»'^ ^ «**• 

III. 

Thewne watj Gryngolet grayj^e, )^at gret watj & huge, [FoI. lis*.] 
2048 & hade ben soiowned sau^rly, & i» a siker wyse, soiet arrayed, 
Hym lyst prik for poy»t, )^at proude hors \enn.e ; prick oa.^ *° 
pe wyje wynnej hyw to, & wytej on his lyre, 
& sayde soberly hyw-self, & by his soth swerej, 

* T«iuo«*(?). 



66 THB KNIGHT SBTS OXTT ON HIS JOURNEY. 

2052 ''EereisameynyiD]d8mote, ^tonmenskej^enkkei, 
Sjijaffft»*Se" P^ ^^^ ^®°^ maynteiiiflfl, ioy mot Jwiy haue ; 

SrS^^*" V^ le^e lady, on lyae luf hir Mtyde; 

himbyaii. jjf j^^y f^^ ckaiyW cheryaen a gest, 

2056 & balden honour in her honde, ]7e h&}eL hem ^elde, 
]?at halde; }e heuen ypon hy^, & al-so yow alle ! 
& fif I my^t lyf vpon londe lede any quyle, 
I Bchuld rech yow sum rewaide zedyly, if I my^t." 
He ^^^ 2060 j7enne steppe^ he ifi-to stiiop, & atrydef alofto; 

His schalk scheved bjm his achelde, on. achulder he 

hit lajt^ 
Gbrde; to Oryngolet, with his gilt hele^, 
and "ftarts on & he starto) on ^6 ston, stod he no lenger, 

the stone" with* 

out more deUy. 2064 to praonce ; 

His haj^el on hors wat| }mue, 
,^ J?at here his spere & lannce. 

Christ I com- « pjs kastel to krjst I kenne, 

mend ; may he f * 

^^e7» good 2068 He gef hit ay god chaunoe ! " 

The gates are The biygge wat| bvayde douw, & ]re brode ^te^ 

•~" """^ Vn-barred, & bom open, ypcm bo>e halue ; 

Serwtt?*^***^ J^® bnmiB blessed hyw bilyue, & ]?e bredej passed ; 

2072 Prayses \^ porter, Ufoze \^ prynce kneled, 

Gef hym god & goud day, ]7at Gtiwayn he sane ; 
and goes on his & went on his wav, Wft^ his wyie one, 

way accompanied •" •' ' ' 

by his guide. jjat Bchnlde teche hym to to«me to Jat tene place, 

2076 ]?er ]^e mfal race he schnlde re-sayue. 
j7ay bo^en bi bonkke^, \er bo^e^ ar bare, 
diiS J^*y domben bi dyffej, J^er clenge^ J^e colde; 

J?e henen watj vp halt, bot vgly J^er Tnder, 
2080 Mist mnged on ]7e mor, malt on J^e monntef, 
h^7 hj?imd*a ^^h hille hade a hatte, a myst-hakel hnge ; 

mist-cloak," Brokej byled, & broke, bi bonkke^ abonte, 

Schyre schat^ande on schore^, \«r ]^ay doim schowned. 
[Foi. 119.] 2084 Welawylle watj ]?e way, J;er Jay bi wod schnlden. 



HB ABIDES A WKLLB OK A HILL. 



67 



Til hit watj sone sesoun, ]?at J^e sanne rjsesy 

jiattyde; 
pay were on a hille M hyfe^ 
2088 pe qnyte snaw lay bieyde ; 

pe buzne J'at rod hy«i by, 
Sede his mayster abide. 

V. 

**ror I haf wonnen yow hider, wyje, at Jis tyme, 
2092 & now nar ^e not fer firo ]?at note place, 

pai ^e han spied & spuryed so specially aft^ ; 
Bot I sohal say yow for 9ope, sy)?en I y^w knowe, 
& ^e ar a lede Tpon lyue, ]7at I wel buy, 
2096 Wolde je woixjh bi my wytte, je worj^ed }e better. 
pe place ]?at ^ prece to, M pereloMS is halden ; 
]?er w(me^ a wy^ in Jiat waste, }e worst vpon erj^e ; 
For he is stiffe, & stume, & to strike looies, 
2100 & more he is )en any mon ^pon myddelerde, 
& his body bigger }m }e best fowre, 
j7at ar in AxJ^ore^ hotM, hestor^ o^er o^er. 
He cheue; }&t channce at ]« ehapel grene ; 
2104 per passes non bi ]>at place, so proude in his aimes, 
pat he ne dywne^ hym to de]>e, witA dynt of his honde ; 
For he is a mon methles, & mercy non vses, 
For be hit chorle, o}er chaplayn, J^at bi }e chapel rydes, 
2108 Monk, o]^er masse-prest, o]^er any mon elles, 

"Rjm yynk as qneme hjm to quelle, as quyk go hym 

seluen. 
For-]^ I say }e as so]7e as je in sadel sitte, 
Com je fere, je be kylled, [I] may J?e kny^ rede, 
2112 Trawe je me Jat trwely, J^aj je had twenty lyues 

to spende ; 
He hatj wonyd here fal jore, 
On bent much baret bende, 
2116 A^ayn his dynte^ sore, 

Je may not yow defende." 

1 Hector (?). 



imtil daylight. 



They were tben 
on a "bfll fun 
hiffh.*' 

The senrant bade 
his master abide» 
nying* 



"I have hroQght 
you hither, 



ye are not now far 
nom the noted 
plaoe. 



Full perilous is it 
esteemed. 

The lord of that 
* waste' is stiff 
and stem. 



Hisbodyisbigger 
*than the best 
four in Arthur's 
house.' 



None passes by 
theOreen Chapel, 
* that he does not 
ding Mm to death 
with dint of his 
hand.' 

For be it churl 
or chaplain, 
m<mk, mass- 
priest, 'or any 
man else,' ha 
kills tbem aU. 



He has lived 
there fUU long. 



Against his dints 
flore, je may not 
defend yon. 



68 JHB WAY TO THE GREEN CHAPEL. 

YI. 

whCTefore, good « For-J;y, goude syr Gawayn, let }e gome one, 

this man alone. & gotj a-way som o^ev gate, vpon godde^ lialue ; 

region"**"** ° *' 2120 Cayrej bi sum o}er kyth, J;er kryst mot yow epede ; 

[Foi. 1196.] & I schal hyj me horn ajayn, & hete yow fyrre, 

andaifHissainta, J?at I schal swere bi god, & aJle his gode haljej, 

say thaTeyerye Afl help me god & jfe halydam, & oj^e^ in-nogh^, 

fromMiy man."* 2124 J?at I schal lelly yow layne, & lance nen^ tale, 

J?at eu^r je fondet to fle, for freke ];at I wyst." 
" Gr«nt m^ci," quoth Gawayn, & gnichywg he sayde, 
" Wei worth Je wyje, J^at woldej my gode, 
2128 & J^at lelly me layne, I lene wel }ou woldej ! 
^aT^toshun^SS ^ot heldo }ou it neu^ so holde, & I here passed, 

maA hhn as a Fouwded for ferde for to fle, in fo«rme )^at fou telle;, 

°**^' * I were a knyjt kowarde, I myjt not^ be excused. 

To the Chapel, 2132 Bot I wyl to J^e chapel, for chaunce J^at may falle, 
go, ' & talk wyth ]7at ilk tulk J^e tale J^at me lyste, 

WorJ^e hit wele, o}er wo, as }e wyrde lykej 

hit hafe ; 
teVwtJe'^*' 2136 )?aje he be a stum knape, 

stem knaye. rpo stijtel, &» stad wM staue, 

l^^deT^" h£ 5^ wel con dryjtyn schape, 

seryants for to jq^ seruauwtej forto sauo." 

VII. 

♦« Mary 1" quoth 2140 "Mary!" quoth )^at oj^^rmow, "nowj^ou so muchspellej, 
"since it'piea^ Jjat }oTi wylt J?yn awon nye nyme to J?y-seluen, 

on thy head, wd Haf here H helme on by hede, H spere in M honde, 

thy spear m thy ^ u ' i ir j / 

^d'ride down 2144 & ryde me douw )^is ilk rake, bi jon rokke syde, 
rock?side,^^ y<^^ Til >(?u be brojt to >e bo>em of >e brem valay ; 

the bo?SiTth2 Penne loke a littel on >e launde, on >i lyffce honde, 

L^k^k little to & }o^ schal se in >at slade >e self chapel, 

and^thou shait 2148 & }e borelych bume on bent, J^at hit kepej. 
seff'and tSriS; Now faxcj wcl ou godcj half, Gawayu >e noble, 

that guards it." 

1 mot, in MS. » & &, in MS. 



GAWATNE TAKES LEAVE OF HIS GUIDE. 



69' 



Tor alio J^e golde ypon grounde I nolde go wyth ]?e, 
Ne bere Je felajschip Jtutj Jis fryth on fote fjrrre." 
2162 Bi J?at ]?e wyje i» ]?e wod wendej his brydel, 
Hit ]?e hors with }e helej, as harde as he myjt, 
Lepe^ hym ou^ ]>e launde, & leue| J^e kny^t ]7erey 

al one. 
2166 " Bi goddej self," quoth Gawayn, 

" I wyl JiB.\i}$r grete ne grone, 
To godde^ wylle I am fill bayn, 
& to hjm I haf me tone." 



Haying thus 
spoken, the gniid« 
takes leaye of the 
knight. 



"By God's 8elf,»» 
says Sir Ga- 
wayne, "I will 
nether weep nor 
groan. 

To God's will I 
am fall ready." 



VIII. 

2160 Thenne gyrde^ he to Gryngolet, & gederej ]7e rake, 

Schowue^ in bi Qk schore, at a scha^e syde, 
. Bide} ynT} fe ro^e bonk, ryjt to ]7e dale ; 

& )?enne he wayted hym aboute, & wylde hit hjm J^o^t, 
2164 & se^e no syngne of resette, bi-syde; nowhere, 

Bot hy^e bonkke^ & brent, ypon boj^e halue, 

& ruje knokled knarre;, "with knomed stone^ ; 

pe skwei of ]re scowtes skayued^ hym ]70jt. 
2168 penne he houed, & wyth-hylde his hors at ]7at tyde, 

& ofke chaunged his cher, fe chapel to seche ; 

He se^ non suche in no syde, & selly hym J^o^t, 

Sone a lyttel on a launde, a lawe as hit we[re] ; 
2172 A balj berj, bi a bonke, }e brymme by-syde, 

Bi a for} of a flode, "j^at forked J^are ; 

pe borne blubred Jer-inne, as hit boyled hade. 

pe knyft kache} his caple, & com to ]^ lawe, 
2176 lijto} donn Inflyly, & at a lynde tache^ 

pe rayne, & his riche, with a roje braunche ; 

j7e»ne he bo^e^ to ^e berje, abonte hit he walke}, 

Debetande wiih hym-self, qnat hit be myjt. 
2180 Hit hade a hole on }e ende, & on ay]?er syde, 

& ou^-growen with gresse in glodes ay where, 

& al wat} hoi} in-wit^, no-bot an olde caue, 

^ skayned (?). 



FFol. 120.] 
Then he pursues 
his Journey, 

rides through the 
dale, and looks 
ahout. 

He sees no sign 
of aresting-plaoe, 
but only high and 
steep banks. 



No chapel oould 
he discern. 



At last he sees a 
tdll by the side 
of a stream ; 



Thither he goes, 

alights and fas- 
tens his horse to 
a branch of a tree. 

He walks around 
the hUl, debating 
with himself 
what it might be. 



70 QAWATNB FDiM THE OBBBN GHAPBL. 

and at last ibida Qr a creuifle of an olde cragge, ba cou Jw hit nojt deme 

anoldoaTviiitiia . 

eng. 2184 With spelle, 

'' We,^ lozde/' quoth ]?e gentyle kiiTft, 
'< Wbe^er ]aa ba ^ grena ohapalle; 
aimiunidiiigiit He my|t aboute myd-nj^t^ 

mattB? 2188 pe dde his matyiinei telle ! " 

IX. 

"Troiy.^njtsir « Now I-wysae," quoth Wowayn, " wyaty is here ; 

dMcrt isWe, jjig oiitore is Tgly, wftA erbej ou^<*groweii ; 

tiie***^ ^&mm ^^ bisemej }e wyje wnuded in grene 

^Toi^^^d^ 2192 Dele here his deuocioan, on }e deuele^ wyse ; 
'■■***^"* Now I fele hit is }e fende, i» my ^e wyttej, 

pat hat} stokea me ]7is stenen, to strye me here ; 
It is the moat V^ ^ ^ chapel of meschaunce, j^at chakke hit by-tyde, 

cuned kirk that 



erer 



iSavS?' 2196 Bit is ]re corsedest ](yrk, ]rat eu#r I com inne ! " 



[Foi. isofr.] With heje helme on his hede^ his lawice in his honde, 

SThefun a^ud ^® romej vp to J?e rokke of }k) roj wone^ ; 

^^ J?ene herde he of Jat hyje hil, in a harde roche, 

^^^J*y<«* **** ^^^^ Bijonde }e broke, in a bonk, a wonder breme noyse. 
It clattered like Quat ! hit clat^red in l^e dyff. as hit deue schulde, 

the ffrinding of a m ^ » 

Mytibeanagrind- As one YpoQ a gryndelston hade gronnden a syj^e ; 

It whirred like a What ! hit whajTed, & whette, as wat^r at a mulne, 

iDill-atream* 

2204 What ! hit rosched, & ronge, raw]^ to here. 

]?enne''bigodde/'qtM)^AGawayny '^^atgereas'Itrowe, 
Is ryched at ^e ren^renoe, me renk to mete, 

birote; 
2208 Let god worohe we loo, 

"Though my life Hit helppo} me not a mote, 

I foregOi" laya 

the knight, *<no My lif ku I for-gOO, 

noise shall terrify ' ' ' ^ 

me." Drede dot^ me no lota." . 

X. 

Then cried he 2212 Thonne \^ knyjt con calle fol hyje, 

h ^^ dif^Se " ^'^^ stijtle} in >is sted, me steuen to holde ? 

withmetoholdr 

^ wel (?). 3 at, in MS. 



HS MBETS WITH THB dRBBN lUnaHT. 



71 



Fcnr n6w is gode Oawayn goande ryft here^ 
If any wy^ ojt wyl wymie hider fest, 

2216 0]7#r nowy o^#r neii^, his nede^ to spede." 

'' Abyde/' qwo^A on on }e bonke, abonen oxur his hede, 
'' & ]wii sehal haf al in hast, J^at I J^e hy^t ones." 
}et he iiJtSGhed on ^at roide^ lapely a ]nrowe, 

2220 & wyth qnettyng apwharf, et he wolde ly;t ; 

& syj^en he ken^e^ bi ft cragge^ & come} of a hole, 
'Whyrlandff out of a wro^ wyth a feUe weppen, 
A dene^ ax nire dy^t^ J^ dynt wft^ [t]o ^elde 

2224 yfith a borelych bytte, bende by }e halme, 
iFyled in a fylor, fowre fote large, 
Hit watj no lasse, bi }e.t lace ]?at lemed fill bry^t. 
& }e gome in ]>e grene gered as fyrst, 

2228 Bo]?e }e lyre & ^e legge), lokke^j; & berde, 

Saue ]?at fayre on his fote he founder on ]7e er^, 
Sette }e stele to the stone, & stalked bysyde. 
When he wan to ]?e watter, ^ei he wade nolde, 

2232 He hypped ou^ on hys ax, & orpedly stryde^, 
Bremly broj^e on a bent, ^at brode wat| a-boute, 

on snawe* 
&pr Gawayn ]^ kny^t con mete, 

2236 He ne lutte hym no J^yng lowe, 

J?at o}er sayde, '* now, syr swete, 
Of steuen mon may ]?e trowe." 

XI. 

"Gawayn," quoth fat grene gome, "god J?e mot loke ! 

2240 I-wysse }ou art welcom,^ ^j^t to my place, 

& ]7ou hat} tymed ]7i trauayl as true^ mon schulde ; 
& J^ou knowe} "j^e couenaunte} kest yus by-twene. 
At }is tyme twebnonyth }oti toke ]^at }e failed, 

2244 & I schulde at }is nwe jere jeply }e quyte. 
& we ar in J'is valay, varayly onre onej 
Here ar no renkes vs to rydde, rele as tub like} ; 



Now is the MOd 
Gkiwayne gmng 
aright. 



He hears a Toioe 
oommandiag him 
to ahide where 
he is. 



Soon there oomes 
outofahole,with 
a fell weapon, 

a Danish axe, 
quite new, 



the "kniffht in 
green." clothed 
as before. 



When he reaohei 
the stream, he 
hops over and 
strides about. 



rjd. 121.] 

He meets Sir Ga- 

wayne without 

obeisance. 

The other tells 

him that he is 

now readv for ' * 

oanyersation. 



**God preserve 
thee!" 8a3rs the 
Oreen £night, 

**as a true knight 
* thou hast timed 
thy travel.* 
Thou knowest 
the covenant be- 
tween us, 
that on New 
Year's day I 
should return thy 
blow. 

Here we are 
alone; 



1 weleott, in MS. 



* trvee, in MS. 



72 GAWAYNE PREPARES FOR THE BLOW. 

Hare off thy Haf W W heline of W hede, & haf here W pay : 

helmet and take li IJ I J ' u r j j 

thy pay at once." 2248 Busk no more debate \en I \q bede J^enne, 

When ym, wypped of my hede at a wap one." 
gB^G^"<i«j{^ " -^^y' ^^ ^" ^^^^ Gawayn, '* >at me gost lante, 

SSto°t£rthy ^ ^^^ ^ru^^ f® ^® 8^^®' ^*^' 8^®"* )** ^^®? ; 

^^^' 2252 Bot Bty^tel ]>e vpon on strok, & I schal stonde stylle, 

& warp \q no wernyng, to worch as ]?e lykej, 

no whare." 
hS taSf il£*r He lened wttA >e nek, & lutte, 

2256 & schewed ]7at schyre al bare, 

& lette as he no^t dutte, 
dauntSu^ ' For drede he wolde not dare. 

xn, 

Then the man in Then be gome in be grene gray bed hym swybe, 

green eeisea his j ^ ^^ y m i ^i t 

grim tool. 2260 G^ere^ vp hys grymme tole, Gawayn to smyte ; 

With au his foroe "WftA alle be buT in his body he ber hit on lofte, 

he ndsea it aloft. ^ ^ ' 

Munt as ma^tyly, as marre hym he wolde ; 

Hade hit dryuen adoun, as dre^ as he atled, 
2264 ]?er hade ben ded of his dynt, JTat do^ wat; eu^. 

Bot Gawayn on JTat giseme glyfte hym bysyde, 
dowi?™**^*^*^ As hit com glydande adoon, on glode hym to schende, 

Sir Gawayne & schranko a lytel wtt^ be schulderes, for be scharp 

shrank a littte ^. f ^ ' *^ 

with his shooi- yme. 

dcrs. . '' 

2268 ]?at Q\er schalk wyth a schnnt ]>e schene wyth-halde^ 

"^^^^^J^ ^ Jenne repreued he ]?e prynce w»tA mony prowde 
mar. wordej : 

GJiS^fthS^is ''f^^ ®^ "^* Gawayn," quoth >e gome, **>at is so 

sogoodesteemed, goud halden, 

J?at neu^ arjed for no here, by hylle ne be vale, 
[FoL 1216.] 2272 & now }oji fles for ferde, er }o\i fele harme^ ; 
fSr*^So^^ Such cowaxdise of >at knyjt cow>e I neuiw here. 

i^^^'Sihed NawJ^jr fyked I, ne flaje, freke, quen >ou myntest, 

]!tr^keBt^^ ^6 ^est no kauelacoun, in kynge^ hotM Arthor, 

My ^^ flew to 2276 My hede flaj to my fote, & jet flaj I neu^ ; 
never fled, ^ J,^^^ ep gj^y i^ame hent, arjej in hert. 



HE IS REPBOVED BT THE OBEEN KNIGHT. 73 

Wherfore }?e better bume me bnide be called JJSttobecaikd 

Jw*-fore." ^^ ^^ "*^" 

3280 Quoth G : ^ " I schuwt onej, "i.iiimted<mce.» 

ftBOwyllnomore, -Kt^r* 
Bot ye^ my liede falle on }e stone), 
I con not hit itestore^ 



inore* 



XIII. 
2284 Bot bosk, bume, bi H fayth, & bryng me to ^e poynt, Bring me to the 

point ; deal me 

Dele to me my destine, & do hit out of honde, my destiny at 

^ ' * once." 

For I schal stonde ^ a strok, & start no more. 
Til }jn ax haue me hitte, haf here my traw]^." 

2288 " Haf at }e >ewne,'' quoth }at o>(?r, & heuej hit alofte, ^J^^aye u thw. 
& waytej as wroj^ely, as he wode were ; ®**^**- 

He myntej at hyw majtyly, bot not }e mon ryuej, JJ^^^a Wo^' 
"With-helde het^rly h[i]s honde, er hit hurt myjt. 

2292 Gawayn gray>ely hit bydej, & glent with no inembre, gSJhS%uV*' 
Bot stode stylle as }e ston, ofer a stubbe auj^er, i^I^f* '**" " 

j7at ra]?eled is i» roche grounde, with rotej a hundreth. 
pen muryly efke con he mele, J^e mon in fe grene, 

2296 '' So now >ou hatj >i hert hoUe, hitte me bihou[e]s; G^fc^JS.^ 
Halde >e now >e hyje hode, >at Ar>ur >e rajt, SSthyhSSi. 

& kepe yj kanel at )^is kest, jif hit keu^ may." whole." 

G : fill gryndelly with greme ]?enne sayde, 

2300 " Wj J^resch on, Jou J^ro mon, ]wu ]?rete} to longe, """^^ ^" 
I hope ]7at yi hert ar^e wyth J^yn awen seluen." 
"For sofe," quoth y&t oj^er fireke, **so felly Jwu speke|, 
I wyl no lengw* on lyte lette J^in emde, 

2304 rijte nowe." 

j7enne tas he* hyi» stryj^e to stryke, SlTht^mak'**" 

& frounses boj^e lyppe & browe, "^ ^ ^^*^^' 

"No meruayle }&} hym myslyke, 
2308 ]?at hoped of no rescowe. 

^ he he, in MS. 



74 OAWATNB RBCJBXVlfiS 1HS BLOW. 

XIV. 

He i«t &u Us He lyftes ly^y liis lome, ft let hit donn fayre^ 

[Foi. 133.] yfith }e barbd of >e bitte bi }e bare nek ; 

mS^ hS% P^ ^^ homered het^ly, hurt hyi;i no more^ 

wayne. 2312 Bot BnjTt hyM OH )«t on syde^ >at nmtred }e hyde; 

wwpoa^^ensed P^ Bchaip schrank to )e flelehe yaa^ jfe sohyre grece, 

fhe bkMd flowed. pot ]^ Bohene blod on^ his schulderes schot to ]7e er]?e. 

"wiieii the knight & qnen ]>e bnme se^ "pe blode blenk on ]« snawe, 

the now, 2316 He sprit forth spenne fote more }en a spere len}e, 

Hent hfit^rly his helme^ & on his had oast, 
Schot with his schnlderei his fayxe schelde ynder, 

he unBheathed 

his sword, and Braydof out a bry^t sworde, & bremeiy he speke^ ; 

2320 !N'eu0r syn ^at he watj bione borne of his moder, 
Wat} he nen^ iji ]as worlde, wy^ half so bly]?e :— 
tii^^'^w"**^ **' " Blywne^ bnxne, of J?y bnr, bede me no mo ; 

I haf a stroke in }k sted with-aate stryf hent, 
ii^iS^SmJ ^^^* * ^ J^^ rechej me any mo, I redyly schal qnyte, 
^ I requite ^ ^^ jedorly ajayn, & >tfr to je tryst, 

& foo; 
Oar agreement Bot on stroke here me falle|, 

sttpolates only 

one stroke." 2328 pe oouenaiint schap ry^t soo, 

[Sikered]^ in AxJ^nre^ halle^, 
& )ier-fbre, hende, now hoo I" 

XV. 

TheOreenEnight The habel heldet hym fro, & on his ax rested, 

rested on his axe, '^ j f '"'^ 

2332 Bette ^e schafb vpon schore, & to ]>e scharp lened, 
looked onSirGa- ^ lokod to >e loude, tat on be launde jede, 

wayne, who ap- •* ' ■* <* ' ' 

^red bold and flow ]>at dojty dredles deruely J;er stondej. 

Armed fed afLe| ; in hert hit hjm lyke^. 
2336 j7enn he mele^ mnryly, wyth a much stenen, 
Sbnas^iotra: * wyth a r[a]ykande mrde he to ]^ renk sayde, 

«*Boid knight, be " Bolde bume, on bis bent be not so gryndel ; 

not so wroth, , , e J » 

jSo mon here vn-man^ly ]^ mys-boden habbe, 
2340 Ne kyd, bot as conenaunde, at kywge^ kort schaped ; 

^ XlkgiUe. 



HB IS BEMINDBD OF THE LOVE-LACE. 



76 



I hy^t ye a stroky & }ovl hit hftt}, halde Jye wel payed, 
I relece ^ of j^ renmaunt, ai ryftes alle opir ; 
Jif ^ I deUner had bene, a boffet, paiaufit^y 
2344 Icou^wro^lokerhafwaiet,[&]to]»ehafwro|t8iig^.' 
Fjrst I mansed }e muryly, with a mynt one, 
& lone ye wyth no lof, sore wiiA ry^t I }e profered, 
For ye fbrwarde ^at we fest in ye fyn^ ny^t, 
2348 & y<m. trystyly ]« trawye & trwly me haldej, 
Al ye gayne ]70W me ge^ as god mon schnlde ; 
j7at oy0r mxu»t for ^e mome, mon, I ye profered, 
pou kyssedes my dere wyf, ye cosse^ me rajte;, 
2352 For hoye two here I ye bede bot two bare myntes, 

boute acaye ; 
Trwe mon trwe restore, 
penne yax men drede no wa]?e ; 
2356 At ye J^iid you fayled Jore, 

& yer-foT y&t tappe ta ye. 

XVI. 

For hit is my wede yat yoM were^, yat Ske wouen girdel, 
Myn owen wyf hit fe weued, I wot wel forso}?e ; 

2360 Now know I wel ]?y cosses, & yj costes als, 
& ye wowy»g of my wyf, I wrojt it myselnen ; 
I sonde hir to asay ye^ & sothly me J^ynkke^, 
On ye fautlest fi:eke, y&t euer on fote ^ede ; 

2364 As pede bi ye qnite peso is of prys more, 

So is Cbwayn, iti god fayth, bi oyer gay kny^tej. 
£ot here yo w lakked a lyttel, syr, & lewte yow wonted, 
Bot y&t wat} for no wylyde werke, ne wowyng nau]?^, 

2368 Bot for ^ lufnd yoi«r lyf, ye lasse I yow blame." 
]?at oyer stif mon m study stod a gret whyle ; 
So agreued for greme he gryed wtt^-inne, 
Alle ye blode of his brest blende in his face, 

2372 ]?at al he schrank for schome, J^at ye schalk talked. 
pe forme worda Tpon folde, ]?at ye freke meled, — 



I pramiMd thw 
afltrokeaadtliou 
hast it, tesatia- 
fled. 



Ioo«ldh«T»deftlt 
worse with thM. 



f 



Fol. IMhJ 
- menaeedf the« 
with <me blow for 
the oorenant be- 
tween us on the 
first night. 



Another I aimed 
at thee because 
thou kissedst 
my wife. 



A true man 
should restore 
truly, and then 
he need fear no 
harm. 

Thou failedst at 
the third time, 
and therefore 
takethee that tap. 
(See L laei.) 



For my weed 

(woven by my 

wife) thou wear- 

est. 

I know thy kisses 

and my wife's 

wooing. 

I sent her to try 
thee, 

and faultless I 
found thee. 



But yet thou sin- 
nedst a little. 



for loye of thy 
life.»» 



Gawayne stands 
confounded. 



nfy in MS. 



3 ThiA word is doubtful. 



76 GAWAYNE CURSB& HIS COWAKDICB. 



Caned,*' h» ti Corsed worth cowarddyse & couetyse boVe ! 

"~», "be cow- •' '' ' . 

^^^^Ji^^lJ^'J^Jf' I« yow is vylany & vyse, >at virtue disstryej." 



ardio 



Then he takes off 2376 pefine he luut to he knot, & >e kest lawsei, 

the girdle and ^ * . * 

^ow8 it to the Brayde broj^ely \e belt to Je bume seluen : 

" Lo ! )per ^ Mssyng, foule mot hit fSalie ! 

Min^iMl ^^ ^^^ ^^^"^ ^^ fy ^^^® cowardyse me tajt 

2880 To a-coide me wttA couetyse, my kynde to for-sake, 
]?at is larges & lewte, ]>at longef to kny^tef. 
and ecmfeeaee N'ow am I fawty, & falce, & ferde haf been euw ; 

himself to hare ^^ ' ' 

unSuS?^*^ ^ ^ trecherye & vn-traw)^e boje bityde sorje 

2384 & care ! 

[Foi. 123.] I bi-knowe yow, knyjt, here stylle, 

Al fawty is my fare, 
Lete^ me ou^-take yowr wylle, 
2388 & efte I Bchal be ware." 

XVII. 

Then the other, Thenn loje \di o\er leude, & luflyly sayde, 

spole : ' '^ I halde hit hardily^ hole, \q harme ]?at I hade ; 

"Thon art con- pou art confessed so clene, be-knowen of by mysses, 

f essed so dean, j .r v 

2392 & hat| \e penaunce apert, of J^e poynt of myn egge, 

that I hoij^ I halde J?e polysed of J^at plyjt, & pured as clene, 

hadrt nerer been j^ y^j^ hade^ ncTwr forfeted, By]>efi ]wu watj fyrst borne. 

I give thee, sir, & I gif >e, syr, lie goidel ]>at is golde hemmed; 

the gold-hemmed ^ _. , .. . ^ 

girctte, 2396 For hit is grene as my goune, syr Q : , |e maye 

J?enk vpon Jis ilke J^repe, y^r \o\i forth frywgej 
Among prynces of prys, & ^ a pure token 

as a token of thy Qf >e chaunce of l^e grene chapel, at cheualrotM knyjte^ ; 

adventure at the '' 

Green Chapel. 2400 & JO schal in Jis uwo jer ajayn to my wonej, 
S«ro 'fOT the^- * ^® schyn reuel J;e remnaunt of Jds ryche fest, 

jgjg^,.<»' ^« fill bene." 

j7er la]7ed hym fast \q lorde, 
2404 & sayde, " w»tA my wyf, I wene, 

We schal yow wel acorde, 
pat watj yow enmy kene." 

1 hardilyly, in MS. 



women's wiles have beguiled him. 77 

XVIII. 

"Nay, for soje," quoth J^ segge, & sesed hya helme, '^^^a^^^^!^^^" 
2408 & hat^ hit of hendely, & ]?e haj^el ]70iikke|y 

" I haf soiomed sadly, sele yow bytyde, *^^lhltSSi 

& he jelde hit pw jare, J^at ^arkke^ al menskes ! ^*^ ^^ ' 

& comaiinde) me to bat cortays, yow comlych fere, commend me to 

' •» J f J J 1 your comely wife 

2412 Bo]?e J?at on & ]>at 0)7^, myn honowred ladye;, {^ ^o**^w 

pat \us hor knyjt wyth hor kest han koywtly bigyled. ^^s^®* ««• 
Bot hit is no ferly, >aj a fole madde, ^^^^rViSTJ^ 

& JuT} wyles of wymmen be wonen to isorje ; Srirf*ti5ou^ a 

2416 For so watj Adam i» erde w*U one bygyled, 7^°^'" ^^ 

^ joj ^ Adam, Solomon, 

& Salamon with fele sere, & Samson eft sone^, topaonj^andp^ 

' '' Tid were beguiled 

Dalyda dalt hyw hys wyrde, & Dauyth ^T-aSter ^y women. 
Wat^ blended with Barsabe, J^at much bale ]?oled. 
2420 Now ]>ese were wrathed wyth her wyles, h»t were a 

Wynne huge, How eoald a man 

To luf horn wel, & leue hem not, a leude fat cou>e, ueve^^tiT 

For fes wer fome^ }e freest )^at folded alle }e sele, [FoI. 123*.] 
Ex-ellently of alle Jyse o^er, vnder heuen-ryche, 
2424 ]7at mused ; 
& alle fay were bi-wyled, 

With' wymmen >at >ay vsed, ^honEh i be now 

)?aj I be now bigyled, J^^^f Stuid 

2428 Me >ink me burde be excused." ** "°^*^- 

XIX. 

'* Bot yottr gordel," quoth G : *' god yow for-jelde ! ^n^ ^J^T^ 
pat wyl I welde wyth good wylle, not for fe wynne *^^®- 

golde, 
Ne f e saynt, ne f e sylk, ne }e syde pendaundes, 
2432 For wele, ne for worchyp, ne for f e wlonk werkke^, 

Bot in syngne of my surfet I schal se hit ofke ; rememtomce of 

When I ride in renoun, remorde to myseluen ™^ 

pe taxLt & }e fayntyse of fe flesche crabbed, 

> forme (?). > with wyth, in MS. 



78 IHB ORBBN KNIGHT BETEAL8 HIS NAME. 

2436 How tender hit is to entyse teches of fyl}e ; 
riu^ ^S m!j^ * 1^' ^^®^ pryde schal me pryk, for prowes of armes, 

aiooktofhiBiMe l7e loke to Hs luf laoe schal lel^e my hert. 

shall abate it. * f 

Bot on I wolde yow pray, displeses yow neiwr ; 
2440 Syn |e be lorde of the pnder londe, }er I haf lent inne, 
Wyth yow wyth worschyp, — }e wyje hit yow jelde 
J?at Tp-haldej J?e heuen, & on hyj sitte|, — 
riffht^iw^^uS1[ ^^^ nome je yowre ryjt nome, & Jenne no more ? " 

shau hare done." 2444 " fat schal I telle >e trwly," quoth }at o^er >e»ne, 
^^.^^ " Bemlak de Hautdesert I hat in fis londe, 

^iJwS^^*^ P'oi^ my^ of Morgne la Faye, >at in my ho«< lenges, 

u^t^^ &' koyntyse of dergye, bi craftes wel lemed, 

the pupa of Mer- 2448 pe maystres of M^lyn, mony ho' taken; 

lin. 

For ho hat^ dalt drwry fed dere sum tyme, 
With )>at conable klerk, Jat knowes alle yowr knyjtej 

at hame ; 
2452 Morgne ^e goddes^ 

]?erfore hit is hir name ; 

the ff*hti *t*" "Weldej non so hyje hawtesse, 

j7at ho ne con make fed tame. 



<\ A.. 

It was she who 2456 Ho waynod me vpon J?is wyse to yow wy»ne halle, 
the renown of the For to assav le Burquidre, }if hit soth were, 

Bound Table, J r u 7 7— 7 

pat rennes of "j^e grete renonn of ]^ Eounde Table ; 

Ho wayned me yis wonder, yo«r wyttej to reue, 
[Foi. 124.] 2460 For to haf greued Gaynour, & gart hir to dyje, 
Gu^fvCT £d ^* With gopny»g^ of fat ilke gomen, )>at gostlych speked, 

^ngh fear. With his hodo in his honde, bifore ^e hy^ table. 

]?at is ho ]7at is at home, ]re anncian lady ; 
She is eyen tUne 2464 Ho is cuen ]>yn annt, Ar]7ure} half suster, 

aunt. 

pe duches dorter of TyntageUe, J^at dere Yt^r aft^ 
Therefore come Hade ArbuT vpon, bat a>el is nowVe. 

to her and make i ir 7 j j j 

hmS"^ ™^ perfore I ej^e Je, ha)^l, to com to )y naunt, 

1 in (?). » ho hatj (?). » glopnyng (?). 



GAWAYKB BSTUXN8 TO ARTHUB's OOUIIT. 



79 



2468 Make myiy in my hous, my meny ^ louiesy 
& I wol }q «b w^9 wy^, bi my ftythe, 
As any gome vnder god, for fy gxete ixaa]»e." 
& h6 nikked hy#i aaye, he aolde bi no wayes ; 
2472 ]?ay acolen & kyssen, [bikennen] ayj^er ofer 
To ]?e prynce of paradise, & parten ry^ ]>ere, 

en ooolde ; 
Ghiwayn oa blonk f ul bene, 
2476 To ye kyngef bur; bimke| bolde, 

& }e kny^t in ^e enker grene, 
Whiderwai^e eo eo^ be wolde. 



Gavayne reftaaet 
toretumwiththe 
Qreen Kniglit. 



Onhoneflillfidr 
he bends to Ar- 
thur's halL 



XXI. 



Wylde wayej i» Je w(»rlde Wowen now rydej, 

2480 On GryngQlet, ^at }e grace hade geten of his lyue ; 
Ofke he herbered in house, & ofto al ]?6roate, 
& mony a-ventnre in yale, & venquyst ofbe, 
pat I ne ty^t, at ]^ tyme, in tale to remene. 

2484 pe hurt watf hole, ]>at he hade bent in his nek, 
& ye blykkande belt he here }^raboute, 
A belef as a bauderyk, bonnden bi his syde, 
Loken ynder his lyfte anne, ]7e lace, with a knot, 

2488 In tokenyng he watj tane in tech of a faute ; 

& yu8 he commes to ye court, kny^t al in sounde. 
per wakned wele in y&t wone, when wyst ye grete, 
j7at gode G : wat| commen, gayn hit hym ^Oft ; 

2492 pe kyng kysse^ ye kny|t, & ^e whene alee, 

& syyen mony syker kny^t, y&t BO}t hym to haylce, 
Of his fare J^at hy«n firayned, & ferlyly he telles ; 
Bi-knowef alle ye costes of care ^at he hade, — 

2496 pe channce of ye chapel, ye chere of ye knyjt, 
pe luf of ye ladi, ye lace at ye last. 
pe nirt in ye nek he naked hem schewed, 
pat he lajt for his ynlente at ye lendes hondes, 

2500 for blame; 



wild irayB now 
Gawayne rides. 



Oft he harboured 
in house and oft 
thereout. 



The wound in his 

neck became 

whole. 

He still carried 

about him the 

belt, 



in tolun of his 
iault. 

Thus he comes to 
the Court of King 
Arthur. 

Great then was 
the joy of aU. 

The king and his 
knights adc him 
oonoeming his 
journey. 

Gawayne tells 
them of his ad- 
Tentures, 



[Fol. I34ft.] 

the loTc of the 
lady, and lastly 
of the lace. 
He showed them 
the cut in his 
neck. 



80 Arthur's knights adopt a green belt. 

He tened quen lie schulde telle, 
Srf^Sd'SLiS; Hegronedforgref&grame; 

and the blood pe blod in his face con melle, 

rushed into hie 

face. 2504 When he hit schulde schewe, for schame. 

XXII. 



"Loi»» eaye he, "Lol lorde/' Quoth le leudc, & he lace hondeled, 

handlhigthelace. > i x » x ^ 

"thie iethe hand " pis is "pe bende gL^Is blame I here [in] my nek, 

pis is }« la]7e & ^e losse, ^at I lajt haue, 
a token of my 2508 Of couardise & couetyse, liat I haf cajt haxe, 

cowardice and j ' i / x ' 

coTetonmese. p^j^ {g ^q token of vn-trawje, ]7at I am tan i«ne, 

" ^ ^^^" For non may hyden his harme, bot vnhap ne may hit, 

2512 For 'per hit onej is tachched, twywne wil hit neu«*." 
^ SS^i2?C P^ ^^g comforte? >e knyjt, & alle >e co«rt als, 

SS! ^ *^* "^"^ Lajen loude >ar-at, & luflyly acorden, 

J7at lordes & ladis, pat longed to pe Table, 
the brotherhood 2516 Ychebumeof ]7ebro]7er-hedeabauderykschuldehaue, 
^2St green belt, A bende, a belef hyw a-boute, of a bryjt grene, 

for Gawayne'8 & ^at, for Bake of pat seggc, in swete to were. 

sake 

For ]?at watj acorded pe renoun of pe Kounde Table, 
who ever more 2520 & he honowred bat hit hade, eu«--more aft^r, 

honoured it. -' 

As hit is brened in pe best boke of romaunce. 

da^tSe^aSron- P^ ^ Arthnrw* day pis axLnter bitidde, 

ture befeu. j;^^ Bntus hokees per-oi beres wyttenesse ; 

2524 Syj7en Bruttw, pe bolde bnme, bojed hider fyrst, 
After pe segge & pe asante watj sesed at Troye, 

I-wysse ; 
Mony anntere^ here bi-fome, 
2528 Haf fallen suche er ^is : 

He that bore the "^q^ T^at here he croun of borne, 

crown of thorns •* •' •' ' 

biSfi "" **" ^ He bryng vus to his blysse ! AMEN. 



NOTES. 



Page 2. 1. 37 pia kyng lay at Camylot vpon kryai-masse. 

Oamalotf in Mfdory's <*Morte Arthure," is said to be the same as Win- 
chester. Bitson supposes it to be Caer-wenty in Monmouthshire, and after- 
wards confounded with Gaer-wyntj or Winchester. But popular tradition 
here seems the best guide, which assigned the site of Camalot to the ruins 
of a castle on a hill, near the church of South Gadbury, in Someosetshire 
(Sir F. Madden). 

P. 3. 1. 65 Ifowel nayted o-newe, neumed ful ofle, 

Christmas celebrated anew, mentioned full often. 
Sir F. Madden leaves the word fiayted unexplained in his Glossary to ** Syr 
Gawayne." 

P. 5. 1. 124 9yk*ener^9yh4$renj %.e, silver dishes. 139 lyndeasslendeSf loins. 142 
in hia muekel, in Us greatness. 

P. 7- 1. 216 in gracona umlkea. Sir F. Madden suggests Oreek as the meaning of 
yracona. I am inclined to look upon graoona as an error for yracoua^ 
yraeumay i,0. fair, beautiful, a very common meaning of the term. 

P. 8. IL 244-5 Aa tH wen dypped vpw al&pa ao aktkad hwr loUi 



As aU were fidlen asleep so ceased their words 

in haste (suddenly). 
Sir F. Madden reads akikad horht$iy instead of aWced hor lotei, which, acr 
cording to his glossary, signifies drunken vagabonds. He evidently takes 
horlotai to be another (and a very uncommon) form of harlotei^ harlots* 
But harlotf or vagabond, would be a very inappropriate term to apply to the 
Kn^fhta of the Sound TaNe* Moreover, alaked never, I think, means 
drunken. The general sense of the verb alake is to let loose, lessen, cease. 
Cf. lines 411-2, where aloke, another form of alakey occurs with a similar 
meaning : layt no /yrre ; 

hot alokea, 
seek no further, 

but stop (cease). 
Sir F. Madden suggests Nowa as the explanation of alokea. It is, however, 
a v0rb in the imperative mood. 

6 



82 NOTES. 

P. ] 3. 1. 894 8%ker. Sir F. Madden reads swer, 

?• 14. 1. 440 hluk. Sir F. Madden suggests hUmk (horse).- I am inclined to keep 
to the reading of the MS., and explain bltik as ^lndk=\xxaik. Cf. the use 
of the word Blok in << Early English Alliteratiye Poems/' p. 100, 1. 272. 
P. 18. 1. 558 derue doel, etc. = great grief. Sir F. Madden reads demey i,e. secret, 

instead of derm ( » derf). Cf. line 564. 
P. 20. 1. 629 % ay quere hit is eindOe^y etc. 

And eyerywhere it is endless, etc. 
Sir F. Madden reads emdele^y i,e. with equal sides. 
P. 21. 1. 652 /or-Je=/or-3t= surpassing, beyond. 
P. 22. 1. 681 for JIadet read SaUt^haled^evled Q), See line 1049. 
P. 26. 1. 806 auinant=:auefMunty pleasantly. Sir F. Madden reads amnant, 
P. 80. 1« 954 of. Should we not read on (?). 
P, 81. 1. 957 V^^ ^\^ wyth at gorger wat\ gered ouer fe swyre. 

The gorger or wimple is stated first to haye appeared in Edward the First's 
reign, and an example is found on the monument of Ayeline, Countess of 
Lancaster, who died in 1269. From the poem, howeyer, it would seem that 
the gorger was confined to elderly ladies (Sir F. Madden). 
968 More lykher-toys on to lyky 

Wat) \at seho had on lode. 
A more pleasant one to like, 
Was that (one) she had under her control. 
P. 82. 1. 888 tayt = liyely, and hence pleasant, agreeable. 1015 in vagres, in 

purity. 
p. 33. 1. 1020 dut=dunt (?) ssdint (?), referring to fM'ore^f^or^. 1022 sayn\{\ lone) 
day. This is the 27th of December, and the last of the feast. Sometimes 
the Christmas festiyities were prolonged to New Year's Bay (Sir F. Madden). 
1047 deme dede=9ectet deed. I would prefer to read derue dede=greQX 
deed. Cf. lines 558, 564. 
p. 34. 1. 1053 Xicot in tvorlde, etc.e=/ [n«] ufot in worlde, etc. 

1054 / nolde, hot if I hit negh my)t on nw^eres mome, 

Ibr dlU \e londe in-^yth Logres, etc. 
I would not [delay to set out], unless I might approach it on New Tear's 
mom, for all the lands within England, etc. 1074 in spenne^sin space^ia 
the interyal= meanwhile. See line 1503. 
P. 37. I- 1160 slentyng ofartoes. Sir F. Madden reads slewtyng. 

" Of drawyn swerdis selentyng to and fra, 
The brycht mettale, and othir armouris seir, 
Quharon the sonnys blenkis betis deir, 
Glitteris and schane, and ynder bemys brycht 
Oastis ane new twynklyng or a lemand lycht." 

(a. Douglas' iEneid, Vol. i., p. 421.) 



NOTES. 83 

P. 41. 1. 1281 let /yA;= appeared pleased. 

1283 p0} I were burde bry^testy \e burde in mynde hade, etc. 
The sense requires us to read : 

poi ho were burde bryiteet, \e bume in mynde hade, etc. 
i,e., Though she were lady fairest, the knight in mind had, etc. 
P. 46. 1. 1440 Lontf aythen [jseuered'} for ye eotmder 'pat wi^t for^olde 

Long since separated from the eounder or herd that fierce (one) for-aged 
(grew very old). , 

^' Now to speke of the boore, the fyrste year he is 
A pygge of the sounder callyd, as haue I blys ; 
The secounde yere aa hogge, and soo shall he be, 
And an hoggestere, whan he is of yeres thre ; 
And when he is foure yere, a boor shall he be, 
From the sounder of the swyne thenne departyth he ; 
A syngoler is he soo, for alone he woU go." 

(Book of St. Alban's, ed. 1496, sig. d., i.) 
P. 52, 1. 1623 A yerb seems wanting after lowde, 

P. 55. 1. 1710 a strothe rande=A nigged path. Cf. the phrases tene gr^ue, 1. 1707 ; 
ro^e greue, 1. 1898. 1729 bi lag=be-lagh (?) = below (?). 
1719 Thenne wat^ hit lif vpon list, etc. 

Should we not read : 

Thenne wot} hit list vpon lif, etc. 
i,e., Then was there joy in life, etc. 
P. 57. 1. 1780 lgf=lefQ), beloyed (one). 
P. 60. 1. 1869 So hat} hyst pe kny\t so to\t. 

She has kissed the knight so courteous. 
Sir F. Madden explains to\t, promptly. To\t seems to be the same as the 
Northumbrian taght in the following extract from the " Morte Arthure" : 
« Tlttre come in at the fyrste course, before the kyng seluene, 
Bare heyedys that ware bryghte, bumyste with sylyer, 
AUe with taghte mene and toume in togers frdle ryche." — (p. 15.) 
The word towne (well-behayed) still exists in wan-ton, the original meaning 
of which was ill-mannered, ill-bred. 
P. 61. 1. 1909 bray hounde\=brap hounde}, i.e. fierce hounds. 
P. 64. 1. 1995 Jle hat} nere pat he so}t=iSe wat} nere pat he 90}tsz'Re was near to 

that which he sought. 
P. 69. 1. 2160 gedere} pe rakers takea the path or way. 

2167 pe skwe} of pe seowtes skayued hym po}t. 

The shadows of the hills appeared wild (desolate) to him. 
Sir F. Madden reads shayned, of which he giyes no explanation. SJtayued 
zsMhayfed, seems to be the N. Proy. English seafe, wild. Scotch sehmie, 
wild, mad. O.N. skeifr, Sw. shef, wmj, distorted. 



84 NOTES. 

P. 70. 1. 2204 roM^^s clattered. 

2211 JDrede dot) me no lote= 

No noise shall cause me to dread (fear). 
P. 75. L 2857 ^ jf0r'fir fat tappe ta fe. 

And therefore take thee that tap. 

ta ^tfstake thee. Sir F. Madden reads ta}pe^tdkHh, See page 14, 1. 413, 

where to ]>« rhymes with tothe. We haye no imperatiyes in ^A in this poem. 
P. 76, L 2401 Wif tehyn remt, etc. Sir F. Madden reads w<uch ffn mui. But 

MA^sshaU. See Glossary to ^'Alliteratiye Poemli." 
P. 79. L 2474 on-^o<ade^on-^lde=ooWy=^wrToyMlj. 2489 m-^ouneU^toundlyf 

well. Of. m-MifMfi;B together; m^lffchej alike; in-^^fdde^y amidst. 



GLOSSAEIAL INDEX. 



[JFbr M toorda marked thus (*) the reader w referred to the Ohuary 

to Early EngUeh AUiteratm Poeme.'] 



Abataylmenti batUement, 790. 
Abloy, an exdamation used in 

hunting ; equiyalent to On ! on I 

1174. O.Fr. abh. 
Abof, above, 73, 112, 153. 
Abouen, above, 2217. 
Achaufed, warmed, 883. 
Acheue, to obtain, arrive, 1107, 

1838. 
Acheued, iWtf^. 1081, 1857. 
Acoles, embraces, 1936. 
Acolen, pL pre$. embrace, 2472. 
Acorde, 2406. 
Adoun, down, 254. 
Afyaunce, trust, confidence, 642. 
After, afterwards, 218. 
*AgbIicb, fearfiil, dreadful, 136. 
Aker, field, plain, 1421. Sir F. 

Madden proposes to read veh a 

=every (each aj. 
Alce=alse, also, likewise, 2492. 
Alder, elder, 973. 
Alder-truest, truest of all, 1486. 
AIderes=elders, ancestors, 95. 
Algate, every way, 141. 
Al-hal-day, AU-hallows day, 1st 

November, 536. 
Al one, alone, 735, 2155. Al hym 

one=Al his anef by himself, 749, 

1048. 
A-loaed,praised, 1512. SeeLa8fZose» 



Als, ) also, likewise, 270, 720, 
Alse, ) 933, 1627. 
Al-same, together, 673. 
Alther-grattest, greatest of all, 

1441. 
Aluisch =s elvish, having preter- 
natural power. A.S. 4gi/t elf^ 

an elf, sprite, genius. 
Amende, 898. 
Amonge^, amongst, 1361. 
Amount, 1197. 
Anamayld, enamelled, 169. 
And=an, if, 1245, 1509, 1647. 
Ane, one, 223. 
A-nelede, attacked, worried, 723. 

Sir F. Madden renders it op* 

preached. 
Angarde;, arrogance, 681. 
Anions, wearisome, soirowfiil, 

fatiguing, 535. O.Er. amefm^ 

anieuse, Lat. anxiua. 
Another, otherwise, 1268. 
Apendes, ) appertains, belongs, 
Apende^, ) 623, 913. 
Apert, openly, manifestly, 154, 

2392. 
Apparayl, 600, 1891. 
Aray, 163. 
Are, ere, before, previously, 239, 

1632. 
A-rered, retreated, 1902. 



86 



OLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



^^^' ( arrows, 1160, 1465, 

Armure, 586. 

Am, are {plprM.\ 280, 1094. 

A^3' ] «^dte-bowB, 171, 602. 

♦Arje, timid, fearful, 241. 
Arfe, vh. to wax timid, 2301. 
Arjed, waxed timid, 1463, 2271. 
Ar^e^, waxest timid^ 2277. 
Asay, the point in the breast of 

the buck, at which the hunter's 

knife was inserted, to make trial 

of the animal's fatness, 1328. 
Asay, try, tempt, 2362. 
♦Ascryed, shouted, 1153. 
*Aske|, ashes, 2. 
Askyng, request, 323, 349. 
' Asoyled^ absolved, 1883. 
Aspye, to discoyer, 1199. 
Assaut, assault, 1. 
As-swythe, quickly, 1400. 
♦As-tit, Vat once, suddenly, 31, 
As-tyt, j 1210. See Tit, Tite. 
At, for, 648 ; of, 703. 
♦Athel, noble, good, 5, 171, 241, 

904, 1654, 2466. 
Ather=ayther, either, 1357. 
*Attle, vh, aim, design, purpose, 27. 
Attled, pret. of attle, 2263. 
*At-waped, escaped, 1167. See 

Wapped, 
Auen, ] 

Awen, > own, 10, 293, 836. 
Aune, ) 
^Auinant = ayinaunt, avenaunt, 

pleasantly, 806. 
' Aumayl, enamel, 236. 
Auncian, adf. aged, 1001, 2463; 

ah, aged (one), 948. 
♦Aunter, adventure, 27, 29, 2522. 
Auntere^ (j^l), 2527. 
Auntered, ventured, 1516. 
Anther, either, 88, 702. 
A-vanters, portions of the nombles 

of a deer, which lay near the 



neck; a term used in wood- 
craft, 1342. 

*^ Then drease the nombles, fyrst that 

ye recke ; 
Downe the auaneers kerue, that deuyth 

to the neck ; 
And down Wyth the bol-throte put 

theym anone." 

(Boke of St. Alban's, 1496, sig. d, iv.) 

''One croke of the nombles lyeth 

eueimore 
Under the thiote-boUe of the beest 

before, 
That callyd is auauneerSf whoso can 

theym kenne." 

{Ibid., sig. e, L) 

Auentale, the open and moveable 
portion of the helmet which 
covered the mouth, for the pur- 
pose of respiration, 608. 

''He brayedez one a bacenett, bur- 

neschte of syluer, 
The beste that was in Basille, wyth 

bordurs ryche ; 
The creste and the coronalle enclosed 

so faire, 
Wyth clasppis of clere golde, conched 

wyth stones ; 
The yesare, the iw&niaile, enannede so 

faire, 
Voyde witib owttyne yice, with wyn- 

dowes of sylner." 

(Morte Arthure, p. 77.) 

"The yesere, the auewtaile, his yes- 

turis ryche, 
"Wyth the yalyant blode was yerrede 

alle over." 

(IMef., p. 216.) 

Early writers frequently use this 
term for the whole front of the 
helmet, including the visor. In 
the prose French romances of the 
Bound Table, vmtaiUe is a dis- 
tinct piece of armour, and put 
on before the helmet. 

Auenturus, adventurous, 93. 

Auenturus, adventures, 95, 491. 

Aninant, pleasantly, 806. 

^"^g^' I think, devise, 45, 1389. 
Auysed, viewed, observed, 771. 



GLOSSAKUL INDEX. 



87 



A.-whaify turned, whirled Found, 
2220. A.S. a-hwearfany to bend 
{pret, a-hwearf.) 

Ax, 208. 

Ay, ever, 26, 73, 128, 167, 893. 

Ayled, 438. 

Ay-quere, ) everywhere, 599,629, 

Ay-where, ) 745, 800. 

Ayther, either, 841, 939, 1307. 

t!!^La (towards, 815, 971; 

*A^e^, fearless, 2335. ^QQAghUch, 
Aj^ty a^te, owned, possessed (the 

pret, of awe, to own, owe), 767, 

843, 1775, 1941. 

Bade, abode, tarried, 1699. 

Baldly, boldly, 376. 

♦Bale, harm, evil, grief, 2041, 2419. 

Bale, belly, 1333. O.H.G. halg. 

Bale;, bowels, 1333. 

Balje, round or smooth, 2032, 21 72. 
^* Balhew or pleyn (halwe or 
playne. P.) Planus." (Prompt. 
Parv.) 

Bande, 192. 

Baner, 117. 

Barayne, barren, applied to hinds 
not gravid, 1320. 

Barbe, edge of an axe, 2310. 

Barbe;, points of arrows, 1457. 

Barbican, out-work or tower of a 
castle, 793. 

♦Bare, adf. mere, unconditional, 
277. In 1. 1141 it is applied to 
the motes or blasts of a horn, and 
seems to mean short or totthout 
rechate ; ad/o. 465 ; *' hcbre \re 
da/ye^y'' 1066. 

Barely, unconditionally, certainly, 
548. 

Baret, strife, contest, 21, 353, 
2115 ; grief, 752. 

Bargayn, 1112. 

Barlay, Sir F. M. says, is appa- 
rently a corruption of the 



French ^ar20», 296. Is it a cor- 
ruption of the phrase, "by our 
lady," i.e, the Virgin Mary ? 

Barred, striped diagonally, 159. 

Barres, diagonal stnpes, 162. 

Bastel-roue;, turreted or castellated 
roofs; r<m^;=s: roofs. 

Bate, debate, conflict^ 1461. A.S. 
hat0y contention. 

Bauderyk, the strap by which the 
shield was suspended roimd the 
neck, 621 ; belt or lace, 2486. 
M.K.G. halderich, 

Bawe, bow of a saddle (?), 435. 

Bawe-men, bowmen, 1564. 

Bay, round, 967. A.S. htgcmy to 
bend. 

Bay, I bay or baiting of a wild 

Baye, ) boar, when attacked by 
dogs, 1450, 1564, 1582. 

Bayed, baited, barked at, 1142, 
1362, 1603. 

Bayen {Sdpers. pL)y bay, bark at, 
1909. 

♦Bayn, ) prompt, ready, obedient, 

Bayne, ) 1092, 2158. 

Bayst, abashed, 37. Fr. abaiss&r, 

Baythe, to grant (?), 327 ; to con- 
sent, 1404, 1840. 

Be, by, 652, 1216. 

Beau, fair, 1222. 

Be-com, went, 460. 

Bede^' 1 o^^red, 1824, 1834, 2248. 

Bedde;, bids, 1374. 

Beddyng, 853. 

Bede, bade, 1437, 2090. 

Bede, offer, proffer, 374, 382,2322. 

A.S. heodany to offer. 
Be-knewe, acknowledge. 
Beknowen, acknowledged, 2391. 
Belde, courage, valour, 650. A.S. 

hyld. 
Bele-chere, good company {cheer) 

or presence. 
Belef, badge (?), 2486, 2517. 
Bellei, bells, 195. 



88 



OLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



Belt, 162. 

Bende, band, bond, 2505, 2517. 

Bende, bent, 305, 2224 ; put down, 

' 2105. 

Bene, to be, 141 ; are or will be, 

1646. 
""^Bene (anotber form of hain ?), fair, 

well, 2402, 2475. 
*Bent, plain, field (or uplands ?), 

353, 1465, 1599, 2115, 2233, 

2338; ** hent-^ld,'' 1136. 
Ber, beer, 129. 

BOTe 1 ^^' carried, 637, 1913. 

Berdle^ 280. 

5^jJ^ } hill, monnt, 2172, 2178. 

Best, beast, animal, 1436. 

*Bete, to kindle, 1367. 

Beten, worked, embroidered, 78, 

1833, 2028. Fr. hattu. 
Beuerage,drink, liquor, 1 1 1 2, 1 409. 
Beuer-hwed=beayer-hued, colour 

of a beaver (?), 845. 
Bide, ][ abide, endure, 374, 520, 
Byde, ) 1582, 2041. 

B^ d^e' 1 *^^^®*' *^^*^ ^^^' 
Bifalle^, 382. 
Bifome, before, 123. 
Big, bold, 354. 
""^Biges, builds, 9. 

?^S ) ^^*' inhabited, 20. 
♦Bi^y, ) loudly, 1141 ; deeply, 
*Bygly, j severely, 1162; boldly, 

1584. 
Bigrauen, engraved, 216. 
Bi-grypte = be-gripped, grasped, 

214. 
Bihalden, ) = beholden, indebted, 
Biholde, j 1557, 1842. 
Bi-hond, forthwith, 67. 
Bihoues, 1065. 

Bikende, commended, 596, 1982. 
Biknowe, acknowledge, 2385. 
Biknowe^, acknowledges, 2495. 



""^Biliue, ) quickly, immediately, 
Bilyue, > 132,1128,1136,1171, 
Bylyue, ) 1715. 
Bisemed, befitted, became, 622, 

2035. 
Biseme^ = beseems, befits. 1612, 

2191. 
Bisides, ) = besides, on the side, 
Bisydej, ) 76, 109, 856. 
Bisied, agitated, 89. 
Bisect, besought, 96. 
Bitidde, befeU, 2522. 
Bitte, j the steel part of an axe, 
Bytte, ) 2224, 2310. 
♦Bi-wyled, beguiled, 2425. 
*Blanae, intermixed, blended ; 

phrase ''«» hkmde" together, 

1205, 1931. 
Blasoun, shield of arms, 828. 
Blaunner, ) a species of for (?), 
Blaunier, ) 155,573,856,1931. 

Is it connected with lawn ? — ^if 

so, it would signify a species of 

fine linen. 
""^Bleaunt, ) a robe or mantle (of fine 
Bleeant, ) linen), 879, 1928. 
Blenched, receded, drewback, 1 7 15. 
Blende = blent, mingled, blended, 

1361, 1610, 2371. 
Blenk, to shine, 2315. Du. hUnekmj 

to shine, glitter. Ger. hUnken, 

twinkle, glitter. 
Blenked, ^one, 799. 
Blered, 963. 
Blessing, 370. 
""^filonk, ^ a steed, literally, a 

1581. 



Blonkke, ) whiU horse, 434, 785, 



1&8, } ^^ "28, 1698. 
*Blubred= foamed, blubbered, ap- 
plied to a stream of water, 2174. 
Bluk= trunk, 440. 
Blimder, conftision, trouble, 18. 
«Blunk, steed, 440. See Blank. 
♦Blusch, sh. look, 520. 
Blusched, looked, 650, 793. . 



QLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



89 



BluBschande^bloshmg, glittering, 
1819. 

Blwe, 1^^"''' ^^^^' ^^^^- 
Blwe, blue, 1928. 

*Blycaiide, ) Bhining, glittering, 

Blykkande, ) 305, 2485. 

Blykked, shone, glistened, 429. 

Blynne, cease, 2322. 

Blysse, fortone, prosperity, 18. 

Blyj7e, gay, bright, 155. 

^Bobbannce, boast, 9. 

Bobbe, branch, 206. 

Bode, bidding, proffer, 852, 1824. 
A.S* hod. 

♦Bode, abode, 785, 1564. 

♦Boden, pass, part prayed, asked, 
327. A.S. heodan {p.p. hoden), 
to bid, offer. 

Bolde, sL bold (one), 21. 

♦Bole, trunk of a tree, 766^ 

♦Bolne, to swell, 512. 

Bonchef, gaiety (or perhaps inno- 
cence, purily), 1764. 

♦Bone, prayer, request, 327. 

Bone-hostel, lodging, 776. 

♦Bonk, bank, height, 511, 700, 
710, 785, 1571. 

♦Bonkkes, ) heights, 14, 1562, 

Bonkkej, ) 2077. 

Se. I *-««' *"• 

Borde, border, 610; hordes {pi.) 

159. 
♦Bordejssbourdej (?), jests (?), 

1954. 
♦Borelych= burly, huge, strong, 

766, 2148, 2224. 
♦Bomessboum, stream, 731, 1570, 

2174. 
B^myjb, j ^^^^^^ 2,2^ ,^^^ 

♦Borj, ) 

Borje, f =:burgh, city, castle, 2, 

Bur;, ( 9, 259, 843, 1092. 

Bui^e, j 

Bot-if, unless, 1782. 



Bot, ) bit, wounded, pierced, 426, 
Bote, ) 1162, 1562. 
Bothem, bottom, 2145. 
Botounj, buttons, 220. 
♦Bonn, ) ready, prompt, obedient, 
Boune, ) 548, 852, 1311, 1693. 
Bour, chamber, 853, 1519. 
♦Boimie, sport, joke, 1409. 
Bourde^, jokes, 1212. 
Bourded, joked, 1217. 
Bourdyng, ah. joke, sport, 1404. 

Boute 1 ^^®^*' 3^1» 1285, 1444. 
♦Boje, to move, rise, go, 344, 1220. 
Bojed {pret. of hoje), 481, 550, 

1189, 2524. 
Bo^en {pres.pl. of hofe), 434, 1311, 

2077. 
♦Bojes, goes, 2178. 
Bojej, boughs, 765, 2077. 
Brace, armour for the arms, 582. 
Braches, ) hounds, 1142, 1563, 
Brachej, ) 1610. Braohe is said 

to signify originally a bitch 

hoimd — ^the feminine of rtuhe^ 

a foot-scenting hound (Jam.). 
Brachetes, hounds, 1603. 
Brad, roasted, 891. iL.^.hresdan^io 

roast ( pret. hradde ; p.p.gehrned), 
♦Bradde, extended, 1928. See 

Braide, 



Brayde^, ) 



1901. 



Brawden, woven, 177, 580. 

Brawen, ) = hra/wn^ or flesh of a 

Brawne, ) wild boar, 1611, 1631. 

Bray, an error for hrath^ bold (?), 
1909. 

♦Brayde, started, 429 ; threw, 2377; 
drew, 1399; drawn, throwUi 
2069. 

Brayden, embroidered, 220, 1883. 

Brayn-wod, mad, violent^ 286, 
1461, 1580. 

Br6dd6a(|?/.j^0^.)=^tf<f, flourish- 
ed, 21. 



90 



GLOSSARIAL INBBX* 



""^Bredei, bounds, limits, 207 1 . A. S. 

hrerd. 
♦Brem, ) fierce, bold, 1142, 1155, 
Breme, ) 1 580, 2200 ; loud^ shrill, 

1601 ; rugged, 2145. 

^remly, f ^^^ . ^^^0^1^^ 509^ 

Breml cii ) ^^^®' ^^^^' ^^^^* 
Brende, | burnt, burnished, 2, 
Brenned, ) 195, 832, 875, 2165. 
Brenne^, bums, 1609. 
♦Brent, high, 2165. 
♦Bresed, rough, 305. 
Brether, brethren, 39. 
♦Breue, tell, inform, speak, 1393, 

1488. 
Breued, marked, 1436; written, 

2521. 
Britned, broken or cut in pieces, 

2, 680, 1339. 
Britney, breaks, cuts, 1611. A.S. 

hryt-aiiy to break. 
Bronde, \ sword, 561, 588, 828, 
Bront j 1584. 
Bronde5= brands, embers, 2. 
♦Brothe, angry, fierce, 2233. 
♦Brothely, angnly, violently, 2377. 
Brother-hede, brotherhood, 2516. 
Broun, sh, brown (deer), 1162. 
Browe, brow, 1457. 

b"S j^^^^* 306, 961. 

Bmny, cuirass, 861, 2012, 2018. 

A.S. hyme, 
Brusten, burst, 1166. 

I^JdS ) ^^' !««' ««»' 7«- 

Brygge, bridge, 779, 781. 

*Brymme, fiood, river, 2172. 

Bugle, 1136. 

Bult, built, 25. 

*Bur, blow, 290, 374, 548, 2322 ; 

force, 2261. 
♦Burde, lady, 613, 752, 961. 

B^5 } ^^^> ^^2' ^2^2' ^^^^• 



*Burde,ought,behoved,2278,2428. 
*Bum, \ man, knight, noble, 20, 
Bume, j 73, 337. 

£5 i "^^'^ 259, 272, 481. 

Bumyst, 212. 

*Busk, array, 1220 ; prepare, 2248, 

2284. 
Busked, went, 1411 ; prepared, 

1693. 
Busken {pi, prea.), prepare, 509, 

1128. 

?usk5l^«' 113^' 1^^«' 2476. 

Busk, bush, 182. 
Buske^, bushes, 1437. 
Busy, to be active, 1066. 
Busyly, 68. 
Buttokej, 967. 
Bycome, became, 6. 
Bycomes, becomes, befits, 471, 
Byfome, before, 1375, 1577. 
Byhode, behoved, 717. 
Bykende, commended, 569, 1982. 
Bykennen, commend, 1307. 
Bylde, 509. 
Byled, boiled, 2082. 
Bytoknyng, token, 626. 



Cach, to catch, take, acquire, 133 ; 

to go, 1794. 
Cacheres=catchers, hunters, 1139. 
Cache) (prea. tense of each), 368, 

2175. 
Can {atLxiliary vh, of past tense)^ 

340, 1042. 
Capados, hood or close cap, from 

the Tr. eap-d-dos, 186, 572. 
♦Caple, horse, 2175. 
Carande, sorrowing, anxious, 674, 

750. 
Care, grief, concern, 1979, 2379. 
Camele^, battlements, embrasures, 

801. 
Caroles, 43. 
Carp, speech, conversation., 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



91 



Carp, ) to say, tell, speak, 263, 

Karp, I 696, 704. 

Carped, told, spoke, 1088. 

Carppei, tells, speaks, 377, 1979. 

*Caryej=cayrej, goes, 2120. 

Cast, to speak, address, 249. 

Castes, deeds, maimers, 1295. See 
Costes, 

CatieloiL]i^==catielacioiiii^, disputes, 
683, 2275. O.Er. cavellatian. 

Cemmed ^ cammed (?), folded, 
twisted, 188. O.E. canif bent, 
crooked. 

Cercle, circle around the helmet, 
615. 

Chaffer, merchandise, 1647, 1939. 

Chambre, 48. 

Chaplayne, 930. 

Charcole, 875. 

Charg, matter, 1940. 

Charge, vb. 863. 

Chargeaunt, dangerous (?), 1604. 

♦Charre, return, 1678. 

Charred, led, turned, 850, 1 143. 

Charres, business; task, 1674. 

Chastysed, 1143. 

Chauncely, accidentally, 778. 

Chaunsel, 946. 

Chauntre, religious service, 63. 
O.F. chanterte. 

Chefly, ) speedily (?), 850, 883, 

Cheuely, ) 978, 1940. 

Chek, fortune, 1107, 1857. 

Chekke, iU fortune (?), 2195. 

Chemne(=chimney),fire place, 978. 

Chepe, ) bargain, terms of buying 

Chepe^, ) or selling, or goods 
sold, 1939, 1940, 1941. 

Chepen, to bargain, 1271. 

♦Cher, ) countenance, behaviour, 

Chere, j spirits, 562, 711, 883, 
1745, 2169, 2496; entertain- 
ment, 1259. 

Ches (=choBe), perceived, dis- 
cerned, 798, 946. 

"Kyheue, obtain, 1271 ; to arrive, 
1676. 



Cheued, obtained, 1390 ; came, 63. 
Cheuicaunce, i booty, gain, 1390, 
Cheuisaunce, | 1406,1678,1939. 
Cheuysaunce, ) O.Fr. eheuisBonee. 
Cheyer, chair, 875. 
Child-gered, of childish manners, 

86 (literally = dressed as a child). 
♦Chorle, churl, 2107. 
Chosen (the gate), teok the way, 

930. 

**Towarde$ ChartriB they ehew these 
cheualrous knyghttez." 

(Morte Arthure, p. 186.) 

Chylder, children, 280. 

Chymbled, folded (?), 958. Is it 
connected with Eng. chf/mh, fix)m 
Du. kimme, rim or edge of a 
vase? 

Clad, coyered, 885. 

Clamberande, clustering, 1722. 

Clambered, clustered, joined to- 
gether, 801. 

Clanly, wholly, 393. 

Clanness, chastity, purity, 653. 

Clatterande ( = clattering), bub- 
bHng, 731. 

Clattered, resounded, 1722* 

Clayme, 293. 

Clene, fair, 163 ; wholly, 1298. 

Clehgej (= clings), contracts, or 
causes te shrink with cold, 505, 
2078. 

Clonged, 1694,^^^. of Clmge. 

Clepes, calls, 1310. 

Cler, \ fine, fair, bright, beautiM, 

Clere, ) noble, 631, 942, 954, 
1489. 

Clergye, erudition, 2447. 

Clomben, climbed, 2078. 

Close, 186. 

Closet, 934. 

Cloyster, 804. 

*Cofly, quickly, 2011. 

Colen, te cool, assuage, 1253. 

Com, \ came {pi, eomen), 116, 

Come, j 824, 942, 1004. 

Comaunde^, {imp.) commend, 241 1 . 



92 



GL0S6ARIAL INDEX. 



Comly, ) adj, comely, fair, 469, 

Gomlyeh, ) 539 ; used substan- 
tively, 674, 1765 ; used ad- 
verbwlly, 648, 1307, 1629, 1794. 

Comlyly, courteously, 974, 1118, 
1389. 

Comloker, oomelier, 869. 

Gomlokest, most comely, 52, 81, 
767. 

Compass, form, stature, 944. 

Compast, 1196. 

Company, 556, 1011. 

&0, ) ^ 2456. 

Con, ) an auxiliary yb. (of the 
Conne, ) past tense), 230, 274, 

362, 841, 993, 1206. 
Conner, knows, 1267, 1483. 
Conable (»conTenable), famous, or 

accomplished, 2450. O.Fr. oo- 

vinahle, 
Concience, 1196. 
Conquestes, 311. 
Conueyed, 596. 
Conysaunce, badge, cognisance, 

2026. 
♦Coprounes, capitals, 797. 
Corbeles, rayen's, 1355. 
Comer, 1185. 
Cors, body, 1297. 
Cors, course, 116. 
Corsedest, most cursed, 2196. 
Corsour, 1583. 

Cortays, ) courteous, 276, 467, 
Cortayse, ) 539. 
Cortaysy, ) courtesy, 247, 263, 
Cortaysye, ) 1300. 
Cortaysly, courteously, 775, 903. 
Cortyn, curtain, 854, 1185. 
Corded, 1181. 
Coruon, carved, 797. 
Cosse, kiss, 1300. 

Co^^' I kisses, 2351, 2360. 

Cost, manner, business, 546. 
Costes, ) maimers, qualities, vir- 
Costej, ) tues, 944, 1272, 1483, 



1489, 2360, 2495 ; labours, 750. 
led. kostrj habits, character, con- 
ditions. Qer. kustf art. 

Coste;, coasts, 1696. 

Cosyn, 372. 

Cote, 152, 335. 

Cothe, quoth, 776. 

Coundue, to conduct, guide, 1972. 
O.Fr. eanduire. 

Coundutes, songs, 1655. O.Fr. can- 
duii. 

Counseyl, 557. 

Countenaunce, custom, 100, 1490. 

Couples, 1147. 

Cource, 135. 

Couth, ) (= could), knew, 45, 

Couthe, I 1125, 1139, 1389, 

Cowthe, ) 1486 ; known, 1490. 

Couthly, familiarly, 937. 

Couenaunt, 393. 

Couertor, ) cover or trapping of a 

Couertour, ) horse, 602 ; canopy 
of abed, 1181. 

Couertorei, canopies, 855. 

Cowpled, 1139. 

Cowters, pieces of plate for the 
elbows, 583. Fr. caudi^e, la 
partie qui covre la eaude, 

Coynt, ) curious, quaint, 877 ; 

Koynt, ) skilful, cunning, 1525. 

r'r^^lnh I cunningly, 578, 934, 

Cojed- coughed, 307. 

Crabbed, 502. 

Crafty, skilMly made, 572. 

Crakkande, resounding, loud, 1166 

Crakkyng, blast, blowing, 116. 

Cresped, crisped, 188. 

Cratliayn, craven, coward, 1773. 

"BecTun thow oowart cratcdoun re- 
cryand." 

(G. Douglas, Vol. ii, p. 673.) 

Crest, top of a rock, 731. 

Creuisse, fissure, cavity, 2183. 

Criande, crying, 1088. 

Croked, bent aside, 653. 



QumAxiAL nn)Ex. 



93 



S^P; } •'^PP*'. 168, 602. 
OrojB, ciOBs, 643. 
Crysteimias, Chiistmas, 985. 
Ciunmeii, come, 60, 62. 

Dabat6= debate, strife, 2041. 

Daly, to dally, 1253. 

Dalt, dealt, fared, passed away 
time, 452, 1664, 2449. 

jyelten {pret. pi), 1114. 

Dalyannce, 1012. 

Dar, dare, 287. 

*Dare, to manifest fear, tremble, 
315, 2258. 

Damise, 1024. 

Daonsyng, 47. 

♦Dawed (=dowed), availed, pro- 
fited, 1805. 

Daylyeden, dallied, 1114. ^ 

Daynt^, 121, 1250. 

Debate, 68. 

Debetaxide, debating, 2179. 

*Deboiierte, good maimers, polite- 
ness. 

*^®^» ) dais or table of state, 61, 
S, i 75.222,250. 

Defence, cantion, 1282. 

DefendO; forbidden, 1156. 

Dele, to deal (a blow), 295, 560 ; 
to give, bestow, 1085, 2192 ; to 
partake, 1968. 

Dde, the devil, 2188. 

Delen, (prea. pi) deal, 1266. 

Deles, deals, 397. 

DelM, dolefdl, 560. 

Deliner, active, nimble, 2343. 

Delinerly, qnickly, 2009. 

Delyuer, 851. 

Demay, dismay, 470. 

«Deme, to jndge, deem, 246, 1322, 
2183. 

Domed, esteemed, judged, deter- 
mined, 240, 1089, 1668. 

Demen (prea. pi) jndge, think fit, 
1082, 1529. 



Denaye, deny, refhse, 1497. 
Denayed, refiised, 1493. 
Dene^, Danish, 2223. 

KSU ) ^«P»»*«^ «20, 647. 

Departed, severed, divided, 1335. 

Deprece, release, 1219. 

Depreced, ) vanquished, bore down, 

Depresed,) 6, 1770. 

Dere, deer, beasts of chace, 1151, 
1322. 

Dere, joyful, delightfdl, 92, 1012, 
1026, 1047 ; worthy, 47 ; pre- 
cious, costly, 75, 121, 193, 571. 
Used substantively = worthy, no- 
ble, honourable (one), 678, 928. 

""^Dere, hurtful, injurious, 564. 

Dered, injured, 1460. 

Derely, joyfully, honourably, 817, 
1031, 1253, 1327, 1559. 

""^Deif, strong, stem, severe, active, 
564, 1000, 1233, 1492. 

♦Derfly, ) quickly, suddenly, 

Deruely, ) firmly, 1183, 2334. 

♦Deme, secret, privy, 1012, 1047. 

Demly, secretly, EoLentiy, 1188, 
2334. Should we not readdl^TM/y, 
i.e., quickly, smartly ? 

Derrest, noblest, 445, 483. 

*Derue=d6rf, strong, great, 558. 

Derworthly, honourably, 114. 

Destines, 564. 

Destyne, 996. 

Deve, to confound, 1286. Sc. deve, 
to confound, stupefy. 

Deuise, 92. 

Deuys, 617. 

Dew, 519. 

Deje, die, 996. 

Diamaunte;, diamonds, 617* 

^Jworay. 1316. 

«DiUe, dull^ foolish, 1529. 
Disceuer, discover, 1862. 
Discrye, describe, 81. 
Diskouere, 418. 
Dismay, 836. 



94 



GLOtSSARIAL INDEX. 



Display, 955. 

Displese, 2439. 

Dispoyle, undress, 860. 

Disserue, deserve, 452. 

Disstiye^, destroys, 2375. 

«Dit, fastened, 1233. 

*Di^t, pronounce, make, 295 ; pre- 
pared, dressed, placed, made 
ready, 114, 678, 994, 1559, 
1884, 1223, 1689, 

Do, place, lay, 1492; ^'dos ^ 

farfh^^ = goes out, 1308 ; doi 

{ifnp*)y do thou, 1533. 

*Doel ) 

Dole ' l^^"^^^> tonnent, 558. 

Dok,' tail, 1»3. O.N. doekr. 
♦Dole, part, 719. 
*Dom, ) judgment, sentence, 295, 
DdMe, j 1216, 1968. 
Donkande, moistening, damp ; &om 

donk, dank, moist, vre^. 
Doser, back of a seat, 478. 
♦Doted, became foolish, denMnted, 

1151, 1956. 
Dot^, does, 2211. 

Doute, fear, 246, 442. 

Douteles, 725. 

♦Douth, \ people, nobles, 61, 1365, 

Douthe, j 1415, 1956. 

Dowelle, dwell, 566. 

Draueled, slumbered fii^lly, 1750. 

A.B. dr^an, to disturb, trouble. 

''Of d/rejlyng and dremys qiihat dow 
(avails) it to endite V* . 

(G. Boaglas, roL i., p. 447.) 

Dra^e^, draws, 1031. 

Dra^t, drawbridge, 817. 

Drechch, trouble, liurt(»o^ delay, as 

Sir P. Madden sugge^s), 1972. 

A.S. drican, to trouble, vex, 

oppress. See Glossary to -Bjajn- 

pole. 
Dredles, yoid of dread, 2334. 
♦Dreped, put to death, 725. 
Dres, to prepare, go, 474. 



Dressed^ placed, set, 75, 2033; 
went, rose, 1415, 2009. 

Dresses, ) prepares, rises, 417, 445, 

Dresse^, j 566. 

♦Drej, fierce, bold, 1750 ; used ad- 
verbially, 2263. 

*Drejly, vigorously, 1026. 

Driuande, driving, advancing 
quickly, 222. 

Drof, drove, rushed, passed, 786, 
1151, 1176. 

Dronken {preL pi.) drank, 1025, 
1668. 

Drope, 519. 

Drouping, ) uneasy, fitfiil Blumber, 

Drowping,) 1748,1750. We often 
meet in 0. E. works with the 
phrase '^to drawpe and dare'^s 
to be troubled and af&ighted. 
t).K<W%r, troubled. SeeZV*ove 
in Glossary to ** Allitcjrative 
Poems." 

D^l'en, } ^^' "88, 1463. . 

Drojt= drought, dryness, 523. 
♦Drury, ) amour, love, love-token, 
Drwrye, ) 1507, 1517, 1805, 

2033, 2449. 
♦Dryje, endure, suffer, 202, 560. 
♦Dry^e, stem, immovable, 335; 

enduring, tough, 724, 1460. 
♦Dry^tyn, the Lord, 724, 996, 1548. 
""^Dubbed, ornamented, dres^, 

clad, 75, 193, 571. 
Dublet, 571. 
♦Dulfol, dolefiil, grievous, 1517; 

SS 1 ^^""^^ ^""^^ ^^^' ^^^^• 
Dust, 523. 

Dut, mirth (?), 1020. . 

Dut, \ doubted, feared, 222, 784, 

Dutte, ) 2257. 

Dujty (=doughty), 724. 

*Dyn, noise, revelry, 47. 

Dynnej (=dyngej f), strikes, 2105. 

♦Dynt, blow, stroke, 315, 500, 

2105. 



OLOSSAKIAI. IiniEX. 



95 



dSS;.^1°^' 336, 202, 1460. 
Dyjt. See JX^t. 

Efte, afterwards, 641, 700, 788, 

2388. 
Effc-sonej, ) forthwith, there- 
Efter-sonej, j after, 1640, 2417. 
*Egge, edge, 212. Used for the 

axe itself, 2392. 
Eindelej (=endelej), 629. 
Eke, also, 90. 
Elbowe, 184. 
*Elde, age, 844, 1520. 
EUej, if that, 295. 

Erne 1 ^^^H ^^^9 ^^^- -^'S- *^^» 

♦Enbaned, supported (?), 790. 

Enbelyse, to embellish, 1034. 

Enbrauded, j embroidered, adorn'- 

Enbrawded, > ed, 78, 166, 606, 

Enbrawden, ) 856. 

Enclyne, 340. 

Endite, put (to death), 1600. 

Enesed, entangled, clotted (?), 184. 
Sir F. Madden suggests covered. 
We might read ^t^^^e?— bordered, 
from A.S. efesej rim, border. 

Enfoubled, wrapt up, 959. 

Enker, bright (applied to colour), 
150, 2477. The same root en- 
ters into O.E. and Sc. enkerlyy 
quickly, vigorously, 

5^^^;^! adorned, 634, 2027. 

Enquest, inquiry, 1056. 

Entayled, interwoven, embroider- 
ed, 612. 

Enterludej, 472. 

Entyse, acquire, 2436. 

Er, ere, before, previously, 92, 
197, 712. 

Erber, the conduit leading to the 
stomach; a hunting term, 1330. 

J2J j earth, 27, 140, 881. 

♦Erdei, lands, 1808. 



Erly, 567. 

]^^^' j errand, 257, 559, 809. 

Ermyn, 881. 

Etayn, giant, 140. A.S. edten^ a 
giant, monster. 

Etayne^, giants, 723. 

Ethe. ask" 379. 2467 . H ^^h^ J, ^J^ j 

Etiie, easy, 676. 

Ette, ate, 113. 

Euenden, evenly (?), perpendicu- 
larly (?), 1345. 

Euensong, 932. 

Euej, borders, ewoeB^ 1178. A.S. 
efe%ey brim, bank. 

Expoun (= expound), describe, ex- 
plain, 209, 1506. 

Fade, hostile, 149. Isl./<^=feud, 
enmity. S. Saxon, ifceied. O.E. 
ivet, 

Fale, fallow (?), grassy (?), 728. 

Falle, befall, happen, 483. 

Failed, belonged, appertained, 
2243. 

Fallej, befalls, appertains, 1303, 
1358, 2327. 

Faltered, 430. 

*Fange, take, receive, 391, 

♦Fannand, waving, flowing, 181. 

Fantoum, phantom, illusion, 240. 

♦Farand, goodly, 101. 

Fare, unusual display, entertain- 
ment, 537 ; behaviour, conduct, 
1116, 2386 ; course, path, way, 
694, 1703, 1793; proceeding, 
adventure, 2494 ; business, 409, 

Faren, gone, 1231, 

♦Fare J, goes, journeys, 699 ; (Vrnp.) 
go ye, 2149. 

Faut, fault, 1551, 2435. 

FauSeJ j ^^-^"^"^ ^^^^ l^^l- 
Fawne, to caress, 1919. 
Fawty, faulty, 2382, 2386. 

S; 1 ^^ i«i- 



96 



OLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



Fayly, to fail, 1067. 

Eaylej, fails, 278, 455. 

Fayn, glad, joyful, 388, 840, 1067. 

Fayntyse, deceit, cowardice, 2436. 

O. it. feintiae, faintiae, from 

fnndre, faindre. 

Fayry^e, enchantment, magic, 240. 

" It was of /oyry, as the people semed." 
(Chaucer's Squjeres Tale.) 

Faythely, certainly, 1636. 

Feble, 354. 

Feersly, 329. 

Fee}, 1622. 

Felf^es, fellowB, 1702. 

Fela^Bchyp, feUowship, 652. 

Felde, fold, embrace, 841, 890. 

Gf. feme =foean., 
♦Fele, )many, 122, 239, 428, 
Felle, I 1566. 
Fele-foid, manifold, 1545. 
Fele-kyn, many kinds of, 890. 
Feler, more, greater, 1391. 
Felle, hill, moor, 723. O.l^.Jiatt. 
Felle, befell, 1588. 
I'eUe, skin, hide, 943, 1359, 1944. 
"^FeUe, fierce, bold, furious, 291, 

847, 874. Used substantiyely, 

1585. 
Fellely, ) fiercely, cruelly, boldly, 
FeUy, j 2302. 
Fellef, skins, 880, 1737. 
Fem^, foamed, 1572. 
♦Ferde, fear, 2130, 2272. 
Ferde, ferden = proceeded, acted, 

149, 703, 1282, 1433. QeeFare. 
Ferde, feared, a&aid, 1295, 1588, 

2382. 
Fere, undaunted ; literally, whole, 

sound, 103. Dan.yc^. O.N./fljrr, 
*Fere, a companion, 676, 695, 915, 

2411 ; «fi-jW'«= together, in com- 
pany, 267. ^ 
Fere}, companions, 594. 
♦Ferk, to proceed, ride, 1 072, 1 97 3. 
Ferked, ran, 2173. 



*Ferly, wonder, marvel, 716,2414. 
^ ' mdrous, wondrously, 

388, 741, 766, 1694, 



Ferly, ) wondrous, wondroudy, 
Ferlyly,) 



2494. 

Ferlyes, marvels, 23. 

Fermysoun, a hunting term, ap- 
plied to the time in which the 
male deer were closed, or not 
allowed to be killed, 1156. 

Ferre, afar, 1093. 

Fersly, brightly, 832. 

Ferum, afar. See On-ferum, 

Fest, secured, fastened, 2347. 

Festned, feustened, 1783. 

Feted, behaved, acted, 1282. 

♦Fetled, joined, 656. 

Fetly, featly, 1758. 

Fette, fetched, brought, 1084. 

Fetures, 145. 

Feye, dead, 1067. Sc./«y. Icel. 
fetpTf fated. 

Fejt, fight, 717. 

Fejiyng, fighting, 267. 

♦Fildore, gold thread, 189. 

Fire=fere(?)=fear, 1304. 

Firre, ) fux^er, moreover, 378, 

Fyire,) 411, 1105,2121. 

First, early, youthM, 54. 

Flat, ground, field, 507. 

Flaj, \ flew, fled, 459, 2274, 

Flaje, ) 2276. 

Met, ) floor (originally applied 

Flette, ) to the Ao^; itself. See 
Eomance of Alexander, ed. Ste- 
venson, 1. 821), 294, 568, 832, 
859, 1374, 1653, 1925. A.8- 
flett 

♦Flete, fletted, flew, 1566. 

Flone, arrow, 1161. A.S.^». 

Flonef, arrows, 1566. 

FloBche, flood, pool, marsh, 1430. 
O.So, Jhusa, ^^ThaGheorfiteehef 
where reyne watyr stondythe, 
torrens, lacuna." (Prompt. 
Parv.) 

Floten, removed, 714. 

Flynt, 459. 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



97 



Flyje, fly, 524. 

Flyjesj flies, 1 66. 

rnast,'to breathe hard, 1587. A.S. 

fnasty a puffi blast. 
Fnasted, breathed hard, 1702. 
Foch, fetch, 396. 
Fochche^, fetches, 1961. 
♦Fold ) 

Folde ^^^^' ^^' ^^^' ^^^' ^^^• 
Folden, folded, 959; plighted, 

1783. 
Foldej {imp,), grant thou, 359 ; 

(pres.) accords, 499. 
Fole, foal, 173, 459. 
Fole, fool, 1545. 
Foly, foolishly, 324. 
Foljande = following, suitable, 145, 

859. 
Folded, followed, 1895. 
Foljes, follows, 1164. 
♦Fonde, to try, endeavour, 291, 

565, 986 ; might find, 1875. 
Fondet, •) attempted, proved. 
Founded, j 1 549, 2 1 25, 2 1 30. 
*Fonge, to take, receive, 816, 

1556, 1622; {pret) 646, 1315, 

1363. 

Fongen, took, 1265. 

Foo=jN'orthumbrian fa, bad, vile^ 
hence rugged, rough, 1 430,2326. 
A.S./<iA, hostile. SirF. Madden 
suggests large, largely, Jn.the 
Cursor Mundi, fol. 48, fa is ap- 
plied to clothing. In the Morte 
Arthure, ed. Halliwell, p. 63, 
we have the phrase "/ajm^^ ythej," 
the rough waves. 

"The pryce schippez of the porte 
provene theire depnesse 

And fondez wyth ful saile ower the 
fawe ythez." 

For, because,. 258; before (?), 965, 

1822. 
For-be=for-by, surpassing, 652. 
Fordej, fords, i599. 



Forfaren, desiroyed, 1895. 
♦Forferde, destroyed, killed, 1617. 
Forlancyng, cutting off", 1334. 
Forlondej, 699. 
♦Forme, beginning, 499. ; foremosti 

J2373. 
Fome, formerly (?), 2422. 
For-olde, became very old, 1440. 
Forsake, to deny, 475. 
Forsness, vigour, strength, 646. 
Forsoke, denied, 1826. 
*Forst, frost, 1694. 

FoH^hp' I passage, ford, stream, 
±orthe,j 1585, iex7, 2173. 

*For-thi, \ therefore, 27, 24Q,283, 

For-thy, j 455. 

♦Forwaid, V covenant, 1105, 1395, 

Forwarde, j 1636. 

Forwarder {ph), covenants, 378, 

409, 1405. 
For-wondfed, astonished, 1660. 
Formate, forgot, 1472. 
For-^elde, requite, 839, 1279, 

1535. See ]elde. 
Fotej, feet, 574. 
Fotte, fetch, 451. 
Founded, came,. 267. 
♦Foundej, goes, 1585, 2229. 
Fourchej, a hunting term, applied 

to the forks ^Gs haunches of thj3 

deer, 1347. 

"And afiter the ragge-boon Jcytteth 

euyn also, 
The forehia and the sydes euyn by- 

twene, 
And loke that your knyues ay whettyd 

bene; 
Thenue turne vp i}[\& foreh%9, and Irote 

theym wyth blood, 
For to saue grece ; so doO:men of good.' ' 
(Boke of St. Alban's, 1496.) 

Foyned, turned saside, 428. 
*Foyso.un, plenty, 122. 
♦Fraist, | to ask, seek, 409 \ {ysi 
Frayste,.) pers, sing,) 279. 
Frayst, ) asked, 324, 39 i , 1 395 ; 
■Fraysted, j tried, proved, 1670. 

:7 



98 



OL088ABIAI. INDEX. 



Eraystei, askest, 455 ; tries, 503. 

Franp^biBy ) frankness, liberality, 
Fraunchyse, ) 652, 1264. 
♦Frayn, to seek, 489. 
Frayned, asked, 359, 703, 1046. 
*Fre, noble, 101, 847, 1156, 1885, 

196 i . Used substantively, 1545, 

1549, 1783. 
♦Freke, man, wairior,. 149, 196, 

241, 651. 

fSS)'^^'^^^'^^^'^"*- 

Frekef, man's, 537. 
Frely, noble, 816, 894. 
Fremedly, as a stnmger, 714. A.S. 

firemeif foreign, aSen, strange. 
Frenges, fringes, 598. 
Frenkyscli, French (?), frank (?), 

jocular (?), 1116. Does not 

firenkyaeh fare = extraordinary 

eondact ^ 

" In fiiitk, Noa, I had as leif thou had 

aleped, for. all thy frankiah Jkre^ 
l«r I wOl not doe after thy red." 

(Chester .Mysteries.) 

Fres, froze, 728. 

Fresche (meat), 122.. 

Freschly, quickly, 1294. 

*Frithe, \ an enclosed wood, 1430, 

Frythe, ) 1973, 2151. 

Frythej, woods, 695. 

*Jjo, from (the time that), 8, 62 ; 

fispm^ 1336. 
Frote, rab^.1919. 
Ftounses, wrinkles, Qontracts, 2306. 
Frount, forehead, 959; 
♦Fulsun (=fiilsen), to help,., aid^ 

99. A.S. fuUtany to help*. 

|^«^jfoux.d,896,64a. 

Furred, 1737. 

Fust, fist, hand,, 391. 

Fute, I (=feut) track of a fox or 

Fuyt, ) beast of chaca by the 
odour, 1425. ^^ Fewte^ vesti- 
gium." (Prompt. Earv. ) 

Fych, fix, 396. 



Fyched, fixed, 658. 

Fyked, shrank, was troubled, 2274. 

Fyled, ground, 2225. 

♦Fylyolej, round towers, 796. 

FyUe, Mfil, 1405, 1934. 

Fylor, grindstone (?), 2225. 

♦Fylter, contend, join in contest, 
986. 

Fynde =fyned= ended (?), 660. 

Fjme, peiiect, unconditional, 1239. 

Fynisment,. end,, finish,. 499. 

Fynly, wholly (?), 139U 

Fyrre, moreover, 2121. 

Fyskej, runs, 1704. KA, fysian^ 
fysan, to hasten, rush. 

Fyjed, were fair (?), 796. A.8./i8^r, 
fair. Does ^jtf<? = united,, ex- 
tended, from A.S. gefeg^f imion ? 

G^5 j «™^'' ^^' ^^^^• 

*Gart, caused, 2460. 

Gargulun, part of the inwaj:ds of 

a deer, apparently included in 

ihennmhUsy 1335, 1340. 
Garysoun,. (=warisoun), . treasure, 

reward, 12^, 1807, 1837. Fr. 

garuon, 
Gwytej, watch towers, 791. 
Gast= aghast, afraid, 325. 
Gate, way, road, path, 696, 778, 

930. 
Grates, roads, ways, 709. 
Gaudi = gaude (?) = ornament (?), 

167. 
Gky, I an epithet used substan- 
Gaye, ). tively, and applied to 

both sexes, 970, 1215, 1822, 

2035. 
Qayly, 598. 
♦Gayn, to befit, 584. 
Gayn, serviceable, 1 78 ; fit, proper, 

1241. 
Gayn, promptly, quickly, 1621. 
Gaynest, nearest, speediest, 1973. 



I 



OUmABJAL IHIUQU 



fid 



Gaynly, fitly, promptly, 476, 1297. 
Gederet, gathers, 421, 777. 
Gef, gave, 370, 668, 2349. 
Gentyle, pleasant, 1022.. 
*Gere, armour, 669, 584. 
Gered, arrayed, drossed, 86, 179, 

957, 2227 ; disposed, 791 ; made, 

foshioned, 1832. 
Gere^, apparel, 1470. ' 

*Gei6), vh. arrays, 1872. 
Geseme, ) axe, 288, 326, 375, 
Giseme, ) 2265. O.Fr. ^fuarme. 
Qet, booty, gain, 1638. 
Geten, got, 1171, 1625. 
Gif, to give, 288, 366. 
Glade, to gladden, 989. 
Gladlok^, gladlier, 1064. 
*Glam, talk, conyersation, clamour, 

1426, 1652. 
^Glanerande, noisy, yelpings 1426. 
Glaumande, noisy, riotcooB, 46. See 

Olam. 
Gle,46, 
Glede, bnming coal, ember, 1609. 

A.S. stl^d. 
Gleme, 598. 
Glemered, glimmered, gleamed, 

172. 
♦Glent, glance, 1290. 
*Glent, glanced, looked, 82, 476 ; 

shone, 172, 569, 604; brighten- 
ed, started np, 1652 ; shriwk, 

2290. 
Glod= glided, came, 661. 
Glode = clod (?), clump, hillock, 

tuft (?), 2266, 

Glodes, pi. of Ghd0, 2181. 

Gloue;, 583. 

♦Glyfte, looked, 2265. 

*<Sir Otvayne pfy/^' on the gomd 
with a glad^ wille." 

(Morte Arthore, p. 211.) 

♦Glyjt, looked, 842, 970. 

Goande, walking, 2214. 

Gou^r (goodly, courteously, 
S;^j ^3,584,1933. 



Gk)g, a corruption of Gk)d, SVk 
*Gomen, game, E^ort, 273, 661, 

1014, 1376. 
Gomenly, playfully, 1079. 

*Gopnyng«glojpnyng«affiight 
♦Oorde, j>.i>. gird, 1851. 
Gorde;, strikes, spurs, 2062, 
Gorger=gorget, wrapper or eomah- 

iBg for the throaty 957. 
Gost, (^irit, life, 2250. 
Gostlych, ghostly, 2461. 
Got}, goes, 875, 1293; (•m^.)2,U'9. 
Goule), ) gules, 619, 663. 0.|V. 
Gowlej, j ffitle. 

Qracons»gracous^ gracious, liir, 
beautiful, 216. 

Grant-merci, )gramercy, thaaka^ 

Graunt-mercy, ) 838, 1037, 1392. 

Grattest, greatest, 207, 1441. 

Gray, adf. 82. 

Grayes, becomes gray, 527. 

Grayn, 211. 

♦Grayth, ) ready, prepared, provyli^ 

Graythe, j 448, 597, 2047. 

Graythed, arrayed, dressed, pie- 
pared, 74, -109, 666, 876, 2260. 

Graythely, readily^ speedily, 417, 
876, 1006, 1335 ; wilUng^y, 
1470; steadfastly, firmly, 2292. 

*Graythe}, makes ready j goe8,2014. 

Grece, A2&^* 

*Grem, ) anger, .312, 2370; mia- 

Greme, j (£ief, 225 1 ; displea«ing, 
1507. 

Gvenne«=grin, make game, .464; 
A.8. grmmfm. 

Gves, 1326. 

&e, 1 8«««. 2«S. 2181. 
Gret, greeted, aocoated, 842, 1933. 
Gzetesgreat (ones), 2490. 
Grete, cry, weep, 2157. A. S. 

gratan, 
Greue, grove, copse, 1355, 1707, 

1898, 1974. 



100 



OtdfJSAKUL IKDEX. 



^, 1 f^^ 207, 608. 
Oreuei, greaves, leg-armour, 575. 
Grome (» groom), maii, kniglit, 

1006. 
Gronyed, granted as a wild boar. 

A.S. grunan, to gnmt. 
*Gracliyng, displeasmg, miaUking, 

2126. 
♦Grwe— gre, will, 2251. 
Gryed, trembled, was troubled, 

agitated, 2370. A.S. gryre, hor- 
ror, terror. 
^Grymme, sharp, 41 3 ; cruel, 2260. 
♦Gxyndel, angry, wroth, fierce, 

2338. 
Gryndel-layk, anger, fierceness, 

312. 
Gryndelly, wrothfally, 2299. 
GhTndek^kon, grindstone, 2202. 
Giyped, grasped, 421, 1385. 
Gurd, gird, 588. 
Gyld, ^ded, 569. 
*Gyng, assembly, 224. 
^Gyrdei, strikes, spurs, 2160. 

Habb^ W^^' ^^' ^27, 452, 
gJJ^;j 626,1252. 

^Hadet»halet (?)» haled (?), 681. 
See Baled, 

Salawed, hallowed, 1723. 

*Halce chaise, neck, 427. 

Halched, embraced, 939 ; looped, 
listened, 185, 218, 657, 1852. 

'Halohe;, fastens, 1613. 

Halde, to hold, 1125. 

Halden, held, 124 ; obliged, bound, 
1040, 1828,- esteemed, 1297. 

Haldes, \ holds, 53, 627 ; journeys, 

Haldol, ) 698. 

*fiAled, rushed, 458; rose, 788; 
pulled, hauled, 1338 ; shot, dis- 
charged, 1455; trimmed, 157; 
gone, 1049. 

Hales, drives, rushes, 13€k 

Half, behalf, 2149. 



Halidaye^, festivals, 1049. 
Halme, handle, 218, 330, 222'4. 
Halowyng, 1602. 

^[J^^jneck,62l, 1353, 1639. 

Halt, held, 2079. 

Halue, behalf, 326, 692, 2119; 
side, 742, 1552; sides, 2070, 
2165. 

Halydam, reliques of the saints (?), 
or the sacrament (?), 2123. 

^Hal^es, saints, 2122. 

Hamloune;, crosses, winds, a hunt- 
ing term, used of the wiles of 
the fox, 1708. 

Han, (pi) have, 23, 1089, 2093. 

Hansdle, specimen, first occur- 
rence, 491. OJN. handsel fSH^XL- 
latio manufactu. 

♦Hap, fortune, 48; **hapvponhe}e^^ 
= good fortune every where. Sir 
F. Madden thinks that it is 
somewhat equivalent to hqp- 
'haxard. 

Hapnest, most fortunate, 56. 

♦Happe, cover, enclose, 1224. 

Happed, fastened, 655; wrapped,. 
864. 

Harled, drawn, trailed, 744. 8ee 
Soled. 

Hamays, 590. 

Hamayst, 592. 

Hasel, 744. 

Haspe, chain, fastening, 1233. 

♦Hasped, clasped, closed, 281, 590, 
831. 

♦Hasppej, clasps, 1388. 

Hastlettef, part of the inwards of 
a wild boar, 1612. In modem 
writers it is spelt harsleUy haslets. 

♦Hat, lam named, 253, 381, 2445 ; 

Hatte,J is called, 10. 

♦Hathel, an adjective used sub- 
stantively to denote a noble per- 
son, knight or warrior, 221, 234, 



371. 



OLOSSARIAL IKDBX% 



lor 



356, 655, 844 ; applied to God, 
2056 ; to an attendant, 2065. 

Hatheles, ) nobles, men, etc., 829, 

Hathelej, ) 895, 949, 1 138, 1602. 

Hattes, art named, 379, 401. 

Hauberghe, ) hanberk, cuirass, 

Hawbergh, j 203, 268, 

Haunches, 2032.. 

Hawtesse, nobility> power, 2454. 

Hay ! exclamation or cry of. the 
hunters, 1158, 1445. 

♦Haylce, embrace, salute, 2493. 

♦Haylsed, ^uted, 223, 810, 829. 

Haylses, salutes, 972. 

♦Hajer, more noble,. fitter, 352. 

Hajer = precious (?), 1738. 

Ha^-thome, hawthorn, 744. 

Hedle^, headless, 438. 

*Hef, heaved, hove, raised, 826, 
1587 ; was elated, 120. 

Hegge^, hedges, 1708. 

^Heldande, bowing, inclining, 972. 
1104. 

Helden, to ride, follow, 1692 ; went, 
rode, 1922. 

Helder, more, in a greater degree ; 
'' neuer-the-holder,'' 37j6, 430. 
A word still preserved in Lan- 
cashire and ike Forth. O.N. 



Heldet, set, went down^ 1321 ; 

moved, went back, 2331. 
Helme, 203, 268. 
Hem, them, 862. 
Heme=hemme(?)=hem(?)skirt(?), 

157. Sir P. Madden suggests 

dose, tight. 
Hemely, secretly, closely, 1882. 

Dan. hemmelig. 
♦Hende, fair, courteous, 108, 405, 

467, 647, 896, 1104, 1731; 

used substantively, 827, 946, 

1252, 1813, 2330. 
♦Hendelayk, courtesy, 1228. 
Hendest, fairest, 26. 
Hendly, ) fairly, courteously, well, 
Henddy, j 773, 829, 895, 1228. 



Heng, ) hang, 476, 478, 732, 

Henge, j 1345. 

Henges, hangs, 182. 

Henne, hence, 1078. A. 8. hetum, 

*Hent, take, receive, 827 ;. {pr^t.) 

took, 864, 983, 2277, 2317; 

{p.p.) 2323, 2484. 
Hentes, takes, 605. 

g^^ j their, 54, 120, 428. 

Herande, hearing, 450. 

Herber, lodging, 755, 812. A.S. 
hereber^at 

Herber, to lodge, 805. 

Herbered, lodged, 2481. 

*Here, host, army^ assembly, 59, 
2271. 

Here, hair, 180, 436 ; bristles, 
1587. 

♦Here, to praise, 1634. 

Hered-men, courtiers, nobles, 302. 
A. 8. hired, a royal household, a 
court, assembly. 

Herle, twist, fiUet, 190. 

Herre, higher, 333. 

Hersum, attentive, and hence de- 
vout,. 932. A,S. hgrsum, obe- 
dient. 

Heruest, 521. 

Hest, order, bidding, 1039, 1090, 
1092. 

*Hete, to promise, 2121. A^-'^-'xt 

♦Heterly, \ violently, stron^y, 

Hetterly, ) 1152, 1446, 1462^, 
1587, 2311 ; quickly, suddenly^ 
2291, 2317.. 

Hetes, promises^ 1525; 

♦Hethen, hence, 1794, 1879. 

*Hette, promised, 450. 

Hettej, promisedest, 448. 

HeS?: ) t"*^' 289, 496. 
*Heuen, raise, 1346. 
Heuened, raised, 349. 
Heuen-ryche, heaven, 2423.. 
Hewen, forged, 211. 
Hewes, colours, 1761.. 



108 



aLOASABUL tnWEX. 



Hef^ ) high, 48, 222, 593; noble, 
He^e, ) 812, 631 ; importast, 

1051 ; used adverbially, 1417. 
Hejly, deroutly, 755, 778 ; highly, 

gpreatly, 949; quickly, 983. A.S. 

kf^y careful, diligent. 
He|t, height, 786. 
Hiaer, hither, 264. 
Hijed, hastened, 826, 1152. See 

Hit, it, joiited to a plural noufi, 

§80, 1251. 
Hije, ) noble, 120; loud, 307, 468, 
Hyje, j 1 165, 1602 ; taU, 1 154 ; 

ufled substa&tirdy f<»r heights, 
rfaig^ grounds, 1152, 1169, 2004. 
Hi|lich, noble, admirable, 183. 
Ht|t!y, fitly, 1612. A.B. h^Mee, 

gladly, diligently. 
Ho, she, 934, 948, 1001. 

H^, ! ^^ ^'^^ 2297. 
Hoge, huge, 208[, 743. 

WniL ) whole, entire, 1338, 1406, 

5o£, ) 1^1^ 2^f • 
*Holde, oQstle, mansion, 771. 
Soldo, faithfully, 2129. A.^,held. 

Oerm. hold, 
HoMely, fMthfally, carefully, 1 875, 

2016. 
Holly, wholly, 104^, 1257. 
HolBumly, coxnfoitably, 1731. 

^^^»] forest, 742, Xg77, 1697. 

-Holtej, forests, 1320^. ' 
Solyn-bobbe, holly-bough, 206. 
^Holj, hollow, 2182. 
Hom, them, 99, 819, 979, 984. 
Homered, hammered, struck, 231 1. 
Homes, abodes, dwellings, 12. 
Honde-selle, gift, 66. BeeSdnwUe, 
Hondele, handle, use, 289. 
Hone, delay, 1285. 
Hoo, stop, 2330. 

Hope, think, trust, 140, 352, 395, 
2301. 



Hor, their, 130, 1014, 1127, 1139, 

Hore, hoary, 743. 

Ho8e> 157. 

Hostel, dwelling, inn, 805. O.Fr. 

hosteil, 
♦Houed, tarred, 785, 2168. 
Hones, hoofs, 459. 
Ho^es, houghs, 1357. A.S. hoh. 
Hult, hflt, 1594. 
Hunt, hunter, huntsman, 1422, 

1701. 
Huntes, hunters, 1147, 1604, 1910. 
Hwe, huey colour, complexion, 147, 

234. 
Hwen, hew, cut, 1346. 

^^®^' 1 hues, 707, 867, 1738, 

Hyghe ! ) a shout or exclamation 

Jffyje ! ) of the hunters, 1 445. 

Hyj, 8h. high, 802. 

Hyj, vh, hasten, 299, 2121. 

Hyi, ib. haste, 245. 

Hyje, noble, etc. See St^e, 

Hy^n, hasten, 1910. 

^^^' \ hastens, 621, 1361, 1462. 

♦Hyjt, promised, 1966, 2218. 
Hyft, height, stature, 332. 

Iche, eadi, 126, 1811. 

He, 7, 698. 

Hk, \ same, 24, 1062, 1256, 

nke,) 1385. 

*Ilyche, alike, 44. 

Innogh, V 

g^^«' enough, 77, 219, 404, 
S;, 514,1401,1948. 

Innowe, / 

Inwyth, within, 1055. 
♦Irked, were fatigued, tired, 1573. 
*I-wis, ] truly, certainly, 262, 
I-wyis, 264,1035,1065,1226, 
I-wysse, ) 1230, 1276, 1487. 
♦lapej, jokes, jests, 54^, 1967. 
lentyle, gentle, of noblfe birth or 
breeding, 542. 



OLOS8ABIAL Iia)SX. 



103 



loly, 86. 
lolyly, gaily, 42. 
lopai-de, 97. 
loyfiies, youth, 8^ 
lusted, 42. 
lustyng, 97. 

♦Kachaude, catching, reining up, 

1581. 
Kanel, collar, neck, 2298. 
Kauelacioun, strife, 2276. See 

Caueloun^. 
Kay, left, 422. O.Dan, kap, kei. 
♦Kayre, to journey, depart, 1048, 

1670. 
Kayred, turned, returned, 43. 
*Kajt, \ took, received, 643, 
Kajten,) 1118 
*Kende-s kenned, taught, 1489. 
Kene, bold, brave, 321 ; active, 482. 
Kenel, 1140. 
Kenet, hound, 1701. 
Kenly, q^nickly, 1048. 
Kenne»bikennescommend, 2067. 
♦Kennes, teaches, 1484. 
Kepe, care, heed) 546. 
Kepe, to heed, or meet in a hostile 

way, 307 ; take heed, 372. 
Kerchofes, kerchiefs, covering for 

the head, 95^4. 
Aeji>. ffi^ Kerre, rock. 1431. A.S. earr. 



I 



r?l 



*Kest, chance, blow (?), 2298 ; 
twist, knot, 2376 ; stratag^n, 
2413. 

Kest, raised, 64 ; cast, 228, 1192, 
1355 ; thought, formed a plan, 
1855 ; set, appointed, 2242. 

Kesten, cast, 1649. 

♦Keuer, to arrive, accomplish, 750, 
804; gain, 1221, 1254; recover, 
2298. 

Keuered, recovered, 1755. 

Keuere J, obtains, brings, 1539; de- 
scends, 2221. 

Knaged, nailed, riveted, 577. Sw. 
nagga^ to prick. 

Enape, a man, 2136. A.S. cna^a. 



Eiiarre, rock, dif^ 1434. Dan. 

hiMriy a knur^ knob. 
Knarre}>=roek8, 721, 2166. 
Knawen, know, 13dk 
Ejiitten, joined, 1331. 
Knokled, with craggy projections, 

rugged, 2166. Du. ibi«A^, a knot 

in a tree. Q&r,knochely9,JenuekU^ 

knot. 
Knomed, rugged, 2166. S w. knorla, 

to twist, curl. 
Knot, a hunting tefm, borrowed 

firom and used as the French 

tUBudy 1334. 
Knot, crag, 1431, 1434. 
Knote^, knobs, rivets, 577. 
Knotte, 188, 194. 
Knyt, made, 1642. 
♦Koyntyse, cunning, 2447. 
Kowaxde, 2131. 

*Kyd, ) known, renowned, 61, 
Kydde, j 263, 1520; directed, 

775; shewed, manifested, -2340. 
Kyn, kind, 890. 
Kynnes, kinds, 1886. 
Kynde, lineage, race, 5 ; nature, 

disposition, reason, 321, 1348. 
Kynde, suitable, 473. 
Kyndely, suitably, 135. 
Kyrf, cut, blow, 872. A.S. q/rf. 
Kyrk, church, 2196. 
♦Kyrtel, tunic, gown, 1831. 
*Kyth, ) country, land, territory, 
Kythe, j kingdom, 460, 2120. 



*Lach, to take, receive, accept, 

234, 292, 1502, 1676. 
Lachen (pi) take, 1027, 1131. 

Lachet, clasp, tie, 691. 
Lad, led, 947. 
Lad^, lady, 1810. 
Laft (aleft), granted, delivered, 
869. 



104 



OL06SABIAL INDEX. 



Lagtmlagh— law— low(?), 1729. 

Laght. See la^t, 

♦Lance, ] ride fortb(?), 1175 ; teU, 

Lanced, rode, 1561 ; Tittered,' threw 

out, 1766, 1212. 
Lancen, fall quickly, drop off, 526. 
Langaberde, Lombards, 12. 
Lante, lent, gaye, 2250. 
♦Lappe, lappet, hem, 936. 
Lapped, wrapped, folded, 217, 575. 
♦Lappe^, embraces, 973. 
Lappe^, flaps, 1850; 
Larges, ) liberality, 2381 ; large- 
Largesse, ) ness, 1627. 
Lasse, less, 87. 
Lassen, to lessen, 1800. 
♦Lathe, injury, harm, 2507* 
♦Lathed, invited, 2403. Sir F. 

il^Mlden says it is '^ perhaps a 

form of h^edy laughed." 
Launced. See Lanced. 
♦Launde, clear level space in a 

wood, plain, lawn, 765, 2146, 

2154, 2174, 2333. 
Lausen, to loose, 1784. 
♦Lawe, mount, hill, 765, 2171, 

2175. 
Lawe,. manner (?), 790; 
X^awse^; looses, 2376. 
♦Layk, sport; game, 1028, 1125, 

1513. 
Layke, to sport, play, 1111. 
Layked, sported, played, 1554, 

1560. 
Laykef, »h, sports, 262. 
Laykej, vh. plays, sports, 1178. 
Laykyng, sport, playingj 472; 
♦Layne, to conceal, keep secret, 

1863, 2124, 2128; (tw^.) 1786. 
Layt, lightning,. 199. 
♦liayt, to look, seek, 411, 449. 
Laytes, seeks, 355. 
Lajande, laughing, 988, 1068,1212. 

L^X j ^""^^^ ^^^'^^^' ^^^•' 
La^ed, laughed, 69, 909, 1079. 



J;^^J| j laughs, 316, 1479. 

La^t, took, caught, received, 328, 
433, 667, 1830, 2449; taken, 
received, 156, 971, 2507 ; caught, 
433. 

Latter, laugh, laughter, 1217. 

La^yng, laughing, 1954. 

^^ I lea, land, plain,-849, 1893. 

Ledande, leading, 1894. 

♦Lede, man, person, 98, 540, 1063, 

1195, 2095; people, folk, 258; 

land, territory, 883, 1113. 
Ledej, men, 38, 126, 679; 1231. 
♦Lefj dear, agreeable, 909, 1111, 

1924i 
Legge, liege, 346. 
Leke, fastened, encircled, 1830. 

O.Sw. l^kai 
Lei, ) loyal, faithful, 35, 1518, 
Lele, j 1516. 
Lelely, loyally, faithfully, 449, 

1863, 2124. 
♦Lemand, ) gleaming, shining, 
Lemande, j 485, 1119. 
Lemed, shone, gleamed, 591, 1137, 

2010. 
Lemman, mistress, 1781. A. S. 

leof-man. 
♦Lende, to dwells tarry, continue, 

1100, 1499. 
♦Long, ) to dwell, tarry, remain, 
Lenge, j 411, 254, 1068. 
Lenge, long, 88. 
Lenged, dwelt, tarried, 1194, 1299. 

1683. 

Lenfej' 1 ^weUs, tarries, 536, .693. 

♦Lent, remained, sate,, was sta- 
tioned, 1002, 2440; occupied, 
1319;' See Lende: 

Lenthe, length, 1231. 

Lentoun, Lent, 502. 

♦Lore, countenance, 318, 418. 

♦Lore, loss, 1 1 09 ; " Ure other letter*^ 
«:'4ossorgain." Sir F. Madden 



GLOSSABIAL INDEX* 



105 



suggests *'to teach" as the ren- 
dering of lere. 
♦Lese, to lose, 2142. 
Lested, lasted, 805. 
Let, caused, 1084; **lei not^^ was 

not able, 1733. 
Lete, to look, 1206 ; appeared, 

1281; feigned, acted, 1190, 

1201, 2257. A.S. liBtan^ to 

pretend. 
♦Lethe, to depress, moderate, 2438. 
Lether, skin, 1860; 
Lette, hindrance, 2142. 
Lette, to stop, tcury, 2303. 
Letted, hindered, 1672. 
Lette J (be), leave off, 1840. 
Lettrure, science, 1513. 
♦Leude, ) man, knight, 133, 232, 
Lude, j 449, 675,- 851-, 908, 

1 109 ; territory, .land,. 1 124; • 
Leudes, man's, 2449. 
Leude^, men, 849, 1023, 1413. 

See Lede, 
Leudle^, companionless, 693. 
Leue, live, 1035. 
Leue, believe, 2421, 1784, 2128: 
*Leue, dear, beloved, 1133, 2054. 
Leuer, rather, liefer, 1251 ; dearer, 

1782. 
Leuest, dearest, most precious, 49, 

1802. 
♦Lewd, ) ignorant, unlearned. 
Lowed, j 1528. 
Lewte, loyalty, faith, 2366, 2381. 
Lej, lay, 2006. 

Lenten, took, 1410. See Lajt, 
Liflod, livings livelihood,' 133. 

ijjtei, 1 «^e^*«' i»o«' 2176. 

Like, please, 87. 
List, pleasure (?), 1719. 
♦Lithemej, fierceness, 1627. 
♦Lode, guidance, 969; conduct, 

behaviour, 1284. 
Lodly = loudly (?), 1634. 
♦Lodly, uncourteously, 1772. 
Lofden {pret.pL), loved, 21. 



^^ I chamber, 1096, 1676. 

Loke, preserve, 2239. 

Loken, secured, fastened, enclosed, 

35, 765, 2487. 
Lokkej, looks, 419. 
♦Lome, tool, axe, 2309. 
Longed, belonged, appertained, 

1524, 2515. 
Longej, belongs, 2381. 
Longynge, regret, trouble, 540. 
Lopen, leapt, 1413. 
Lore, learning, skill, 665. 
Lortschyp, lordship, 849. 
Los, I renown, famed, 258, 1528. 
Lose, ) Fr. ks, 
♦Lote, soimd, word, and hence 

noise, mirth, jest, 119, 1623, 

1917, 2211. 
♦Lote, feature, aspect, gesture, 639. 
♦Lotej, words, 988, 1086, 1116, 

1399, 1954. Sir F. Madden 

thinks that lote is connected 

with French hsterie, badinage. 
Lothe, unwillingness, 127 ; loath, 

unwilling, 1578. 
Louked, fastened, looped, 217. 

i^^;, } ^'^^'' «28. 2007. 

Loupe, loop-hole in a castle, 792. 

♦Lout, ) to bow down, bend to, 

Loute, j 248. 

Loutes, ) descends, 833, 933 ; 

Loute^, I stoops,bends, 1306, 1504. 

Louue, for huie (?), or loune (« 
hvne, praise, 1251. 

Louelych, lovingly, 1410. 

Loueloker, lovelier;. used substan- 
tively =» the fairer one, 973. 

Louelokest, 52. 

Louied, loved, 87, 702. 

Louy, love, 1795. 

L^S' j 1°^^' 2099, 2468. 

♦Lowande, shining, 236; conspicu- 
ous, 679, 868.- Gf. O.E. fo«?, a 
flame^. light. 



106 



GliOfiSABIAJL INDEX. 



Lowe, quiet, secret, 1399. 
J;^j;j low, 302, 1040, 1170. 

Lo}e, laughed, 2389. 

Lojly, lowly, humbly, 851, 1960. 

Lude. See Lede and Leud$, 

Luf, love, pleasure, 1086, 1284, 
1524. 

Luf-la^3^g » luf-laugfaingte amor- 
ous play, 1777. 

Lufly, ) o^'. lovely, fair, comely, 

Luflych, ) agreeable, amiable, 38, 
575, 792, 868, 981, 1469, 1480, 
1657, 1757; 4iv, courteously, 
lovingly, becomingly, 254. 595, 
1206, 1306, 1583. 

Luflyly, eourteouBly, lovingly, 369. 
2176, 2514. 

:Luf*talkyng, 927. 

Lur, loss, misfortune, 355^ 1284, 

1682. 
Lurkkes, 1180. 

*Lut, l/^^^.of ^i«^,(9tooped,bowed 
Lutte,J down, 418, 2236, 2255. 
♦Lyfte, sky, heaven, 1256. 
Lyfte, left, 698, 947. 
♦Lygej, Hes, 1179. 

Lvke' I P^^^®» ^^ 5 pleased, 12«1. 
Lykker-wys, more pleasmft de- 

lightM, 968. 
^Lymp) to happen^ befall, 1109. 
Lymped, befell, 907 « 

^^^ j adj. linen, 608. 

Lynde, wciod, tree, 256^ 2176. 

Lynde-wodes, 1178. 

Lyndes (=lendes), loinSj 1 39. A. S. 

Imdmu, IcHUs. 
Lyne, linen; whence for female 

apparel in general, 1814. 
Xyre, complexion, countenance, 

943, 2228; skin, 2080. 
Lyst, desired, willed, 941, 1784, 

2049. 



Lyste, pleases, 2133. 

Lystily, ) quickly, pr(»aptly, 

Lystyly, ) 1190, 1334. 

*Lyte, few, 701, 1776. 

♦Lythen, to listen, 1719. 

Lyje, to lie, recline, 1096, 1994. 

Lyjt, alighted, 1921. 

Lyjt, light, not heavy, 608. 

Ly^t, to descend, alight, fall, 423, 

1175, 1373, ^2220. 
Ly^tef, alights. See Zi^te}. 
Lyjten {pL\ ali^t, 526. 
Lyjtly, easily, 423, 1299. 

Machesmatch, to^^oeunter, meet 

in combat, 282. 
*Mace=mas»makes» 1885. 
*Madde, rage with love, 2414. 
Ma fay! mafoi! 1495. 

Malt, dissolved, mdlted, 2080. 

Mfuier, 90. 

Manere^, 924. 

Manerly, 1656. 

Mansed ^ manased, menaced, 2345 . 

♦Marre, to destroy, 2262. 

♦Mat, ) overcome, discouraged, 

Mate, ) wearied, 336, 1568. 

Matyne^, ) morning prayers, 756, 

Matymies,') 2188* 

♦Maw-gref, in spite of, 1565. 

♦May, maiden, 1795. 

*Mayn, great, powerful, strong, 
94, 187, 386, 497. 

Maynteines*, maintains, 2053. 

Ma^tyly, mightily, forcibly, 2262, 
2290. 

Me, used iu apposition with the 
subject of the sentence =* my- 
self, thyself, etc., 1214, 1905, 
1932, 2014, 2144. 

*Mele, to speak, talk, 2295, 2503. 

Meled, spoke, talked, 447, 1280, 
2373: 



QWaSAKULL IHDBX. 



107 



Hele^y speak, 543, 974, 2336. 
Melle, ) conflict, battle, 342, 644, 
MeUy,) 1461. 
*Meiie, to signify, 232; devise, 

985 ; make attempt on (?), 1157. 
*Menged, mixed, 1720. 
^Mensk, I honour, woTdiip, 834, 
Menske, ) 914, 2052; worship- 

fdl, 964. 
Mensked, honoumbly decked, 153. 
Menskes, honoan, 2410. 
Menskfal, honourable, 555, 1628, 

1809. 
Menskly, honourably, 1312, 1983. 
*Meny, ) retinue, household, oom- 
Meyny, ) pany, 101, 1372, 1625, 

1729, 2468. 
Menyng, knowledge, remembrance, 

924. 
Mere, simple, pure, good, 153, 

878, 924, 1495. 
*M ere, ) ^meer, boundary, and 
Merk, ) hence appointed place 

of meeting, 1061, 1073. 
Merkkej, aims at, 1592. 
Mes, mess, meal, 999. 
Messes, 999. 
Messe-quyle, the time of cdebra- 

ting mass, 1097. 
Metely, measurely, fitly, 1004, 

1414. 
*Methles, unoourteous, without 

pity, 2106. 
Meu^, moved, 90, 
Me^el-mas, Michaelmas, 532. 
Miche, much, 569. 
Misy, quagmire, 749. Still used 

in the North. 
Mo, more, 23, 730, 770. 
Mode, mind, 1475. 
Molaynes, round embossed orna- 
ments (?), 169. 
♦Molde, earth, ground, 137, 914, 

964. 
Mon, used as the Germ, mun, and 

Er. oHf for one, a person, 1209, 

1484. 



Mon, must, 1811. O.N. nmn. 
More, greats, biggm*, 649, 2100. 
Moroun, morrow, 1208. 
Morsel, 1690. 
Mot, may, 342, 387, 2053 ; must, 

1965, 2510. 
Motels moot, assemldage, meeting, 

635, 910. A.S. mdt 
«Mote, castle, 764, 2052. 
Mote, atom, 2009. 
Mote, ) notes or measures of a 
Mote^,) bugle, 1141, 1364. 
Mounture, saddle horse, 1691. 
Moumyng, 543* 

Sten.) "^Kfat, 84. 1871, 1953. 

Much, great, loud, 18i, 2336. 
Much-quat » mudi-what, many 

matters, 1280. 
Muckel, greatness (of stature, size), 

142. 
Muged, was cloudy, 142. O.N. 

mugga, der nubilus. Sir F. 

Madden renders at Hirred, 

hovered. 
Mulne, mill, 2203. A.S. myln, 
*Mun^ blow, 2350. See Mgnt 
Munt, feigned, 2262. 
Muryly, merrily, pleasantly, play- 

faUy, 2336, 2345. 
Mused, stood in doubt, 2424. 

^^ Maufi^n or priuely stodyyn 

(stondyn a dowt, K. stodyn a 

dowte, H. muiM or stodien a 

doughte, P.) Muso, Musso." 

(Prompt. Parv.) 
Mute, pack of hounds, 1451, 1720. 
Mutenmeet, meeting of hunters, 

1915. A..S. m4U, 
Muthe^smouthe, 447, 1423. 
Mwe, to move, 1565. 
Myd-mom, 1073. 
Mynged, remarked, announced, 

1 422 . A. S . myngian^ to inform, 

mark. Sir F. Madden suggests 

asaemhkd as the meaning of 

mgnged. 



108 



GLOSSASIAL INDEX. 



Mynej, callB to remembrance, 995. 

^Mynne, to think, remember, de- 
vise, 141, 1681, 1800,. 1992, 
1769. 

Mynne, less, 1881. O.^i minni, 

Mynned, devised, 982. 

Mynstralcie, 484. 

♦Mynt, aim, blow, 3346. 

Myntes {pi), blows, 2352. 

Myntest, didst aim or strike, 2274. 

*Mynte|, aims, strikes, 2290. 

Myre, 749. 

Mys-boden, offered wrong, 2339. 

Mysses, faults, 2391. 

Myst-bakel, cloak of mist, 2081. 
A.S. haeeUj a cloak, mantle. 

Myjtes, powers, 282. 

Nade, bad not, 724, 763. 

Naf, have not, 1066. 

♦^Nakerysaanakers, drums, 1016. 

♦Nakryn {ffen, ^»),.of drums, 118. 

Nar, are not, 2092. 

Naunt, thif nauntf thine aunt, 2467. 

NaS,h«i<^«''203,430,1095. 

Nay, denied, refused, 1836. 

Naylej, 603. 

Naylei^ nailed, 599. 

Nayted, celebrated, 65. O.E. naytey 

to use, employ, enjoy. O.N. 

ne^ta. Left unexplained by Sir 

F. Madden. 
Na^t, night, 1407i 

fj^^^ ] of necessity, necessarily, 
Nede i ^287, 1771, 1965, 2510. 

♦Negh, V to approach, 1054 ; to 
Neghe, ) touch, 1836. See I^e^e. 
Neked,. little or nothing, 1062, 

1805. 
♦Name, take, 1347. 
Nerre, nearer, 237, 556, 1306. 
♦Neuen, to name, speak of, 58. 
Neuened, named, mentioned,. 65, 

641. 
Neuenes, names, 10. 



Nej,. 

Ne^e, },nigh, 929,4771, 1922: 

Niej, 

♦Neje, to approaeh, 1576. 

Ne^ed, approached, 132, 697, 929. 

Ne^es, approaches^ 1998. 

Nif, unless, 1769^ 

Nikked naye, denied strongly, 

706, 2471. 
. Nirt, cut, hurt, 2498. 
Nobelay, nobleness, 91. 
*No-bot, except, 2182. 
Noghe=nyghe~nigh, 697. 
Noke, comer, nook, 660. 
Nolde, would not, 1054, 1825. 
Nome, name, 10, 408, 937. 
Nome, took, 809, 1407. 
Nomen, taken, 91^ 

Nonej, nonce, 844. •si. j 

♦Nome,-) to pffoffer^,1661, 1669,)^^/- 
Nume, ) 1823; allege, 2443. j^^7•'^i;< 
♦Note, occasion, business, use, 358, 

599. 
Note, throat-knot (?), (Fr. nositd) 

420. But perhaps ^Hothe note ' ' 

»to the axe, note being of the 

same origin as the preceding 

word » a tool, weapon. 
Note, noted (?), 2092. 
Noumbles, parts of the inward. of 

the deer, 1347. 
*Nouthe,)now, 1251> 1934, 2466; 
Nowthe, j not(?), 1784. 
Nowther, neither, 659. 
Nowel, Noel, Christmas, 68. 
Nojt, nought, 680, 694, 961. 
Nurne. See Nome, 
Numed, proffered, 1771.. 
Nurture, 919, 1661. 
Nwe, new, anew, 60, 636, 1668; 
Nwej, news, tidings, 1407. 
Nw-jer, I New-year, 60, 105, 
Nwe-jer, ) 284. 
Nw-jeres, | New-year's, 454, 
Nwe-jerej, j 1054, 1669. 
*Nye,.) difficulty, trouble, harm, 
Nyje, j 58, 2002, 2141. 



OLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



109 



Nye, to harm^ assault, 1575. 
Nykked with.. nay, denied, 706. 
♦Nyme, to take, 993, 2M1. 
Kys, nice, strange, 323, 358. 
Nysen {pre». jp/.), become fbolish, 
1266. 

O, of, 615. 

Of, from, 183, 519, 1413 ; off, 773, 

1332, 1607. 
Of-kest, cast off, 1147. 
Oghe, ought, 1526. 
Olde, 1440. See For-olde. 
On, one, 30, 206, 864, 952; in, 

867, 969. 
On-chasyng=a-cliasing, a-hunting, 

1143. 
On-coolde, sorrowfully, 2474. 
*On-dryje=on-dreje=sadre|, aside, 

1031. 
One, alone, unaccompanied, 2118; 

hifm onef 904; oure one, 1230, 

2245. 
Onewe, anew, 65. 
Onej, once, 1090. 
On-ferum, afar, 1575. 
On fyrst, at first, 301, 491, 1477. 
On-hunfyng, a hunting, 1102. 
On-hyjt, on high, aloft, above, 421. 
On-lenthe, afiar, 232, 1231. 
On-Kfe, ) aHve, in life, 385, 1717, 
On-lyue, ) 1786. 
On-lofte, aloft, above, 788, 2261. 
On-loghe, below, down, 1373. 
On-ny^tes, at night, in the night, 

47, 693. 
On (vp)-8lepe, asleep, 244. 
On-stray, astray, aside, 1716. 
Onsware, to answer, 275. 
Onsware^, answers, 386. 
Or, than, 1543. , 
Oritore, oratory, 2190. 
♦Orpedly, boldly, 2232. 
Oryjt, aright, 40. 
Ostel, mansion, 253. See Sbstel, 
Other, or, 9, 702, 1246; either, 

2216. 



Other- whyle, other times, 722. 
Oute, throughout, wholly, 1511. 
Outtrage, surprising, 20. 
Oueral, everywhere, 630. 
Ouer-thwert, athwart, across, 1438. 
Ouer->walt, overcome, overturned, 

314. See Walt. 
Ouer-jede, passed over, 600. 
Ojt, ought, 300, 1815. 
*Ojt=ajt, bold, -2215. 

Pane, cloth, 154. O.Fr. pane. 

Pane; (ph), 855. 

♦Papiayej, parrots, 611. 

Papure, paper, 802. 

Paraunter, peradventure, 2343. 

Pared, cut, 802. 

Park, 769. 

Passande, passing, 1014. 

Patrounes, sovereigns, 6. 

Paumej, antlers, 1155. 

Paunce, coat of mail, 2017. 

♦Payej, pleases, 1379. 

Pa3nie, to be at pains, endeavour, 

1042. 
♦JPayre, to injure, impair, 1734. 
Payred, failed, 650, 1456. 
Payttrure, defence for the neck of 

ahorse, 168, 601. 
Pelure, costly fur, 154. 
Pelures (pi), furs, 2029. 
Pendauntes, ) the dropping oma- 
Pendaunte;, ) ments of horse- 
trappings or a girdle, 168; 2038, 

2431. 
Penyes, pence, money, 79. 
Pentangel, ) figure of five points, 
Pentaungel, j 620, 636, 664. 
Pented, pertained, 204. 
Pemyng, picking and dressing, a 

term applied to birds, 611. 
♦Pertly, openly, promptly, 644, 

1941. 
Pes, peace, 266. 
Pese^pays, measure, weight, 2364. 

See Gloss, to Hampole. 
Peter ! an oath used as Mary ! 813. 



no 



oLOiSARUL amsx. 



Piched, \ fastened, 576 ; fiitaated, 
Pyohed, j fixed, 768.. 
*Piked^ ) omamented, deaned, 
Pyked, j^ buniislied, 769, 2017. 
Pyned, enclosed, fortified (?), 769. 

(Perhaps a mistake for fffnaeled. 

Sir F. Madden). 
Pypyng, 1017* 

*Pine, I trouble, grief, pain, tor^ 
Pyne, )> ment, 123, 747, 1812, 

1985. 
Piped, 747. 
Ktosly, 747. 
Hjt See FffjL - 
Plate, 586. 
Platei, steel armoor fof the body, 

2017. 
Plesannce, pleasure, 1247. 
Plesaunt, 808; 
Plytes, straits, 733. 
Ply^t, harm, danger, 266; offenee> 

fault, 2393. 
Px)laynes, knee-pieces in a suit of 

armour, 57-6. This term for 

genouillieres is found in the 

bsusehold book of Edward the 

Pirst. 
Policed, ] polished, 576, 2038 ; 
Polysed, > made clean, arbsolved, 
Pjolyst, ) 2393.. 
Porter, 808. 
Poudred, 800. 
Pouer, poor, 768. 
Poynl^ condition, 2049 ; io^dodare, 

write, 1009. 
Eraunce, 2064. 

Prayere, meadow, 768, 'FT,prairU, 
Prayse, estimate, appraise, 1850. . 
Prece, proceed, 2097, 
Presed, thronged, 830. 
♦Prestly, promptly, 757, 911. 
Pjreu^, privy, secret, 902l 
Preue, to prove, 262. 
Preued, proved, 79. 
Prik, to gallop, 2049. 
Pryme, prime, six o'clock in tl^ 

moming, 1175. 



Pris, ) price, worth, estimationi^ 
Prys, ) exeellenoe, 1247, 1277^ 

1770, 1850,2364; reward, priae, 

1379, 1630. 
Prise, £be» good, 1945. 
Prowes, prowess, valour, courage-, 

912, 1249. 
Prys, note of the horn in hunting 

after breaking up the gam^^r 

1362, 1601. 
Pure, quite, perfect, 8^8; 1247. 
Pured, refined, pure, 633, 912, 

1737, 2393. 
Pured, ftirred, 154r 
Pynakle, 800w 
Pyne, to take pains, 1538'; 
Pyned, 1009. 

Pysan, gorget oi mail or plate at- 
tached to the hdmet, 204. 
Pyth, strength, power, 1456. 
Py^ pitched, fixed, 1456, 1734. 

Quat, what, 233, .460. 
Quat, how! lo! 563, 2201. 
Quat-Bo, whatsoever, 255. 
Q^aynt, -999, 
dud, while, 822-. 
Queldepoyntes, hassocks (?), 877. 
"^Quelle, to put an end to, 752 ; 

kni, 1449, 2109, 
Qoelled, slain, 1324. 
*Qaeme, good, pleasant, 578, 2109. 

fc j ^^«"' 20; 130, 497. 

Quere, where, 1058. 
Quer-fore, wherefore, 1294. 
Quere-so, wheresoever, .644, 1227, 

1490. 
Querr^, quarry, 1324. Pr. curie. 

To make the q^arr^ ^to break 

up the (ker, and feed the hounds 

on the skin 
Quest, united cry of the hounds^ 

1150, 1421. 
Quethe, cry, damour, 1150. A.S. 

etaithan, to call ; cwithey a saying. 
Quethen«whethen=whence, 461. 



OliOflSAlllAl. II9BBX. 



Ill 



Qnether, whether, 1109. 
Qaettyng =3 whetting, 2220. 
Civile, While, 30, 257, 722, 
Qayle, j 1035 ; xuitil, 536 ; some- 

times,^ at times, 1730; daring, 

1096, 
Quit, 293. . 
Qmt, ) 

Quite, (white, 7.99^.885, 1205, 
Quyt, i 2364. 
Quyte,./ 
Quo, who, .231:, 
Qno-80, whoso, 209, 306. 
QtLoyntaunce, acquaintance, fa- 

BuliaritT, 976. 
Quy^ who, 623. 
Qftyk, alive, 2109. 

au^L, j ^ ««»^ 

Quyle forth, during some, 1072. 
Quyte,. to requite, repay, 2244, 
2324. 

Bahel, rahbel, pack, 1899. 
*Eace (ou-irace), swift course, pace, 

1420. 
Eace, cut, blow, 2076. 
Bach, hound, 1903. A.S. raece, 

race, a setting dog. 
Bachchef, \ 'hounds, 1 1 64, . 1 36^, 
Kachej, \ < 1420, 1426, 1907. 
*Ead, afraid, 251. 
Bad, ready, quick, 862. A.St rdd, 
♦Badly, promptly, readily, 367, 

1164, 1343, .1744* 
Baged, ragged, 745. 
*Bak, vapour, fox, 1695. 
Bake, course, way> road, . path, 

2144, 2160. Of. Sc. aheep-raiks. 

See Rayke, 

** Out of fhe rak$ of ri^twysnes renne 
snld he nevire." 

(K. Al^x., p. 115.). 

■ ■ "lene to the left handes 
For the rake on the right hand, that 
may na mann passe." 

{Ibid.y p. i80.) 



♦Bande, a path, 1710. Sir P. 
Madden reads ratide, 

*Bapley, quickly, 2219. , 

♦Bapes, moves quickly, runs, 1309, 
1903. O.Sw. rapp, velox, citus. 

Base;, rushes, 1461. A.S. rasan. 
See Itace, 

♦Basse, raised mound, ^ninenee, 
1570. 

Batheled, fixed, rooted, 2294. 

♦Bawej,; rows, 513. 

♦Bawthe, terrible, dreadful, 2204. 

*B[a]ykande, loud, strong, literally 
rushing, fixmi rayhe, to rush, flow, 
2337. 

♦Bayked^ went, moved, ran, 1727, 
1735. 

Bayke;, proceed, 1076. 

Bayled, spread, 952 ; bordered, 16S, 
603, 745. RayU iu O.E. sig- 
nifies to cover, clothe, deck, and 
may be connected with rail, a 
garment. A.S. ib*<^^/. ^eBohe 
of the JETdnsht, lii. (ed.< Laing.) 

Baynej, reins, 447. 

Baysoun, reason, argument, 227; 
hi/-re80un=^hy right, rightly, 
reasonably, .1344. 

*Bajt, rushed, 432 ; reached, gave, 
1817, 1874, 2297; 

Ba^te^, gavest, 2351. 

Bech, I reach, give, 66,. 1804, 

Beche, ) 2059 ; attain, .1243. 

♦Beches, ) extends, 183 ;jeachest, 

Bechej, j givest, 2324. 

Bechatand =B~recheating, blowing 
the recheat, 1911. 

Becheated, blew the recheat, blown 
on with the recheat, 1466. . 

*Bechles, careless, 40. 

Becorded, 1123. 

Becreaunt, 456.> 

♦Bed == rede, advise, counsel, 738. 

Bedde, counselled, said, 443. 

*Bede, maintain (?), 1 970 j counsel, 
363,2111* 

Bedej, managest, 373. 



112 



OLOSSABIAL INOES. 



J^^^ ] readily, 373, 392. 

Befoorme, renew, remake, 378. 
*Eehayted, cheered, encouraged, 

895, 1422, 1744. 
Reherce, 1213. 
Eehersed, 392. 
♦Eekenly,nobly,woithily,prmcely, 

39, 251, 821. 
♦Eele, to encounter, 2246. 
*Beled, swaggered, 229 ; rolled, 

spread, 304. 
Bemene, to remember, 2483. 
Bemorde, to blame,.2434. 
♦Eemwe, to remove, change, 1475. 
♦Eenay,. refuse, 1827. 
*Benayed, refused, 1821. 
*Eenk, ) man, knight, 303, 691, 
Benke, j 1558, 1821. 
Benkkes, ) men, 432, 862, 1134, 
Benkke^, ) 2246. 
Bennande, running, 857. 
*Benne, to run, 1568. 

Bepayre, 1016. 
Bequire, 1056. 
♦Bes, swift course, pace, 1164, 

1S99. 
Besayt, a hunting term applied to 

the stations ts^^n up by those 
<«nfooi^ 1168. 
Bescowe, rescue, 2308. 
♦Besette, place of reception, abode, 

2164. 
Bespite, 297. 

Bestayed, stopt, driven back, 1153. 
Besteyed, constrained, 1672. 
Bene, to take away, bereave, 2459. 
Beuel, 311, 538. 
Beuerence, 251, 1243. 
Bewarde, 1610. 
Bichchande, running, 1898. 
Bichen, dress, 1130. 
♦Bicchis, ) ^^„ Q . «^..^«^o 
Biches, ( ^^^'' ® 5 prepares, 



Byches, 



dresses, 1309, 1873. 



Biche, ] noble, proud, powerful, 
Byche, ) 8, 20, 39, 40, 397, 

1 744. Used substantively in the 

plural, nohlee, 66, 362. 
Biche, *5.. horse (?), 2177. 
Bichley, ) proudly, nobly, 308, 
Bychely, ) 931. 
Buned, spoke loudly, 308. A.S. 

hnman. 
Boche, rock, 2199. 
Bocher, rock 1432. 

^^,] -^«. 1«27, 1698. 

Bode, rood, 1949. 

Bof, blow, cut, 2346 ; evidentiy 

from O.E. rive, to tear, cut. 
Bogh, \ 

Boghe, f rough, shaggy, 745, 1432, 
Bo^, ( 1608, 1898; 2162, 2198. 
Boje, 7 
Bokked, rolled, knocked off, 

cleansed, 2018. 

** Greo£frey of Vinesauf says, *Sotantur 
loricsB, ne rubigine squalescunt,' which, 
Sir S. Meyrick adds, was done by put- 
tiag the coat of mail into a barrel 
filled with sand and rolling it about." 
. (Crit. Inq , 1. 86.) 

BomejsFoams, walks, proceeds, 

2198. 
Bone^, thickets, brushwood, 1466. 

^^ Thane thay roode by that ryu^r, that 

rynnyd so swythe, 
Thare tne .xyndez oyerrechez with 

realle bow^hez ; 
The roo and me rayne-dere reldesse 

thare royene 
In ranez and in rosers to ryotte thame- 

selvene." 

(Morte Arthure, p. 78.) 

Bonge {pret of ringe), resounded, 
clattered, 2204. 

".Hys armour ryngU or clattira hor- 
ribly." 

(G. Douglas, yoL ii., p. 576.) 

Bonk, beautiful, 513. 
Bonkkled, wrinkled, 953. 
Bote, in phrase 5»-ro^^= cheerfully, 
confidentiy, 2207. A.S. rdt. 



GLOSSABIAL INDEX. 



113 



cheerfiil. Cf. root-fasty firm, 

steadfast (A.S. rdt-fast). This 

term is left unexplained by Sir 

F. Madden. 
*Roun, to whisper, commune, 362, 
Eounce, steed, 303. 0*E. runei. 

Ft. rondn. 
*Eous,=srose, praise, fame, 310. 
Eonst, rust, 2018. 
Boute, violentanoyement, impetus, 

457. 
Eoue, cleaved, cut, 2346 ; pret, of 

rive, 
Boue^, roofs,i 799. 

Roje, j '°^g^- ^®® ^9^* 
♦Ruchched, > ordered, fixed, set- 
Buched, j tied, 303,367, 2219. 

See Riches, 
*Eudede, streaked with red, ruddy, 

1695. Cf. O.E. roitf and rti(;<^». 
Budele^, curtains, canopies^ 857. 
Buful, 2076. 

Bugh, trough, 953, 2166. See 
Buje, ) Rogh, 

♦Bunisch, violent, impetuous, 457. 
♦Bunischly, fiercely, roughly, 304. 
Bunyschly, violently, 432. 
♦Burd,*) noise, clamour, 1149, 
Burde, ) 1698, 1916. 
*Buthes, moves, dresses, 1558. 
Byalme, realm, 310, 691. 
♦Bych, direct, 1223. See Riehee. 
Byches, goes, prepares, ^e^ Riches, 
Byched, enriched, -599 ; prepared, 

2206. 
Byd, Vsrid, to release, 364; 
Bydde, ) separate, 2246. A.S. 

riddan, 
^yde, proceed, 1344." 
Rygge, back, 1344, 1608. 
Byme;, skirts,^ 1343. A.S. reama, 

O.E. reme^ membrane, rim. 'See 

Rym in Glossary to Hampole. 
♦Byngej =rynkej^a=renke|-« men,; 

2018. 
Bynk, ring, 1817, 1827. 



Byol, royal, 2036. 

Bype^, become ripe, 528. 

Bys, bough, twig, 1698. A.S. Ari*. 

♦Bytte=ryte, out, rip, 1332. Fris. 

ryte, 
*Byue«ryfe«=rife, much, 2046. 
Byuej, rips, rives, cuts, 1341, 2290. 
By^t, addressed, prepared, 308. 

Sabatoun^, steel shoes, 574. Fr. 

sabot, Spanish sapato, 
Sadel, «^. 437 ; vh. 1128. 
Sadly, gravely, steadily, 437, 1593, 

.1937, 2409. 
Sof, save, except, 394. 
Sage^segge^man, 531. 
*Sale, haU, 197, 243, 349. 
Salue, to salute, 1473. 
Salure, salt-cellar, 886. 
♦Same, ) together, 50, 363, 673, 
Samen, j 744, 1318. 
♦Samen, to assemble, 1372. 
Samned, joined, 659. 
Sauer, safer, 1202. 
Saverly, savouxXy, carefidly, 1937, 

2048. 

saj ! '^y^«' 'p^^^' ^^^^' ^^^^• 

Saje^, words, 341. 
Saylande, flowing, 865. 
Sayn, girdle, 589. 
♦Sayned, blessed, 761, 1202. 
Saynt, rich ^stuff,^ Fr. samit, 2431. 
Scade=schade, divided, severed, 

425. 
♦Scathe, harm, 674, 2353. 
Schadden, shed, dropt, 727. 
Schafte, spear, 205. 
Schafted, set^ sank, 1467. 
Schale, shall, 1240. <^.A^i^K\y^U 
♦Schalk, man, knight, id), 424, 

562, 1776, 2061, 2372. 
Schalke^, men, knights, 1454. 
Stiham, 317. 
Schamed,ai89. 
Schankes, legs, 160. 
Schap, was formed, shapen, 2328. 

8 



114 



GLoasAniAL immx. 



Bchape, direct (?), 1210. Si* F. 

Madden sugge^ escape, 
Bclkapen, «haped, 2 Id. 
Schapes, relates, 1626. 
Bcharp, used substantively' for 

sword, 1593, 19CK^; axe, 2318. 
SohAterande, dashing, 2063. 
Schawe, to show, 27. 
♦Schaje, grore, wood, 2161. 
Bcheder»:schedes (?), drift8<?);956. 
Schede^, pours^ 506. 
Schelde^. shields of a boar^ 1456, 

1626. 
*Schemered»8himered, glittered, 

772. 
♦Schend, ) to destroy, confound, 
Bchende, } 2266. 
^Si^ene, bright, beautifhl, 662, 

2314 ; used substantiyely, 2268. 
Bchere»chere, countenance, mien, 

334. 
Sober, cut, 1337. 
Schere, to cut, shear, 213. 
Scho, she, 1259, 1550, 1555. 
Bckoles, hangs down (?), 160. 

8^5 ) legs. 431. 846. 

Schore, shore, earth, 2161, 2332. 
Schorej {pi), 2083. 
Schotten, shot, 1167. 
Schowued; shoved, fell with fbrce, 

2083. 
Schowen {pi, pres.)^ shove, push, 

1454. 
^Sdhowue;, shoves, pushes, 2161. 
S^hrank, sunk, pieroed, 425, 2313. 
fichrof, shrived, 1880. 
Schunt, a shunt, flinching, 2268. 
Schunt, shunted, flinched) shrunk, 

1902, 2280. 
: SichwHe^shun, protect,diBfend) 205 . 
^«chylde, forbid> 1776. 
♦Schyn, shall, 2401. 
♦Schyr, \ fair, bright, dear, 317; 
Schyre, > 425, 619, 772; used 
Schyire, ) substantively fbr «^'ii», 

neoki 2^5^. 



Schyre, fairly, clearly, 506^ 2083, 
Schyrer, fairer, clearer, 955. 
Schyrly, cleanly, 1880. 
Scowtes, high rocks (?), 2167. 
Seeh, seek, 1052. 
Seohe, such, 1543 

sS^, ! '^'^' ^' ^^^^' 

«Segg', \ man, knight, 96, 1 1 5, 226, 
^ggo, ) 394, 437, 574. 

1^ ) „», e„, m. .«8. 

Seghe, saw, 1705. 
^Seker-=siker, sure, trusty, i^th- 

ful, 265, 403. 
Selden, seldom, 499. 
^^^le, good ^rtune, prosperity, 

1938,2409,. 2422. 
Sellokest, most surpiising, 1439. 
♦Selly, marvel,'Wonder, 475, 2170. 
Belly, strange, 28; ^wondrously, 

1194. 
Bellyej, wonders, 239-. 
Sellyly, strangely, wcmdrously, 

963, 1803. 
Sellyly»= selly, excellent, 1962. 
Seluie, canopy, 76. 
Seluen, self, 5.1, 1^7, 113, 1548. 
Semblaunce,! count^ance> *appear- 
Bemblaunt, y anoe, b^aviour, 

148, 468, 1273, 165«. 
Bemble, assembly, 1429. 
^Beme, seemly, proper, lOSd. 
Semed, beseemed, befltted^73, 1 929^ 
Bemefy, ccnnely, fair, 672, 665. 
Seme), seams, borders, 610. 
Bemly, ) &arly, suitably, beoom- 
Semlych, ) iBgly, courteously) 

865, 882, 916, !l 198, 1658. 
Bemloker,:more seemly, ftdrer, 83. 
Bemlyly, becomingly, 622. 
Bendal, fine »lk, .76. According 

to Bucange it is a species of 

camelot. 
Sene,truaiftil(?),148,341. aSw. 

sann, true. 
Bene, to see^ 712. 



J 



6L06SARIAL INDBX. 



115i 



♦Sere, several, 12*, 632, 761, 822, 
1982 J diverse^ 889, 2417 ; sepa- 
i^tely, 1522. 

♦Serlepes, severally, by turns, 501. 

Sertayn, certainly, 174^ 

Serued, deserved, 1380;, 

Seruyce, 751. 

Sese, to receive, 1825. 

Sesed, held, seized, 822, 1330. 

Besed, ceased, 1, 1083, 252&. 

Sete=swete(?), 889. 

Settel, seat, chair, 882. 

Seuer, to part, 1988. 

Seueree, ports, 1797. 

*Sewe, prepared dish of meat, per- 
haps a stew, 892. 

Sewes (pl.\ 124, 889w 

Seye, to go, 1879. 

Seje, I 8a^,672> 707, 1619, 1911. 

Se^en, ) 

Sejen, arrived, 1958. 

Sidborde^, 115^ 

*Siker, \ feure, trusty, brave> 96, 

Syker, ) 115, 2048, 2493. 

Siker, surely, 163. 

Siker, vh, to pledge, *^sikef* my 

trawthe " =» pledge my word 

(troth), 1673; assure, 394. 
Sille, seat, 55. A.8. syUa, a chair. 
Skayued, wild, 2167. See note, 

p. 83. 
Sk^re^rflhere^ufe, modesty 1261. 

A.S. icir. 
Skete, quickly^ 19. 
♦Skwej, cloudis(?)4 BhadbwB(P), 

2167. Sir E. Madden suggestis 

groves, shady coverts. 
♦Skyftedsshifted) changed, 19» 

&k^&, ) *^^^ ^^^^' ^^^^• 
Skynne), in phrase ioHy ilcyn^^^ 

anffi'kynne^^'^'anj kind o^ 1539. 
Skyitei, horse -trappings^ 601 ; 

skirts of a robe, 865. 
♦Slade, valley, 2147. 
Blades, valliedy 1159« 



Slaked, ceasied^ 244. See note, 

p. 81. 
Slentyng, shooting, glancing^ 1 160. 

See note, p. 82. 
Slete, 729. 

♦Sle^ ingenious, 797, 893. 
Slejly, slyly, softly, 1182. 

SH t^** I stratagem, 1854, 18S8. 

Slejtej=sleights, contrivances, 9 16. 

Slode:^slided) sHpt, 1182. 

Sloke (vh. tmp,)f stop, cease (talk- 
ing), 412. O.jN". ^loka, Gfee 
note, p.. 81. 

Slomer3mg, filumbenng^ lliB2. 

Slot, pit of the stomach, , 1^30) 
1593. According to i^ome siot is 
the hi^h) w above the breast-bone. 

"O-slante doune fro thd etoU he iljites 
at ones." 

(Morte Arthnre, p. 189.); 

Slypped, fallen, 244. 
Slyjt, Bkilfiil, 1542. 
Smartly, quickly, 407^ 
Smeten, smote, 1763. 
Smethely, smoothly^ lt89. 
*Smolt, mild, 1763. 
Smothely, perfeetlyi 407. 
Snart, severely, sharply, 2008^ 

O.Ni snart. 
SnawC) snow, 956. 
Snayped, nipped, 2003; O.Eitna^ 

to snub, nip, pierce. O.N. sHifipit. 
Snitered, drove, drifted^ 2008^, 
Soieumed, lodged^ 2048.. 
Solace, 570. 
Sop, hasty meal, 1 135j 
Sore, grieved, 1826^ 1988v 
"i^Borie, imprecation|1721; eeftb% 

2416; 

dostnaimce, 10^5. 
;^^; ) taxtii. H 355. 

Sothen, boiled, sodden, ^92. 
Sothly, truly, 678, 976. 
Bounde (in-sounde)^ well, unhuttj . 
2489. 



116 



OL068ABIAL INDEX. 



Soxmder, herd of wild Bwine, 1440. 
Soundyljy Bonndly, 1991. 
^Sourquydrye, pride, 311. 
*Sowme, number, 1321. 
So^t, went, deported, 685, 1438. 
Spore-wise, xooderotely, temper- 

otely, 901. 
Sporlyr, calf of the leg,. 158. See 

Wyclif, Deuteron, xztiu., 35. 
Sporttie, bottle oze, 209.* 
Sped, hosiened, went quickly, 1 444« 
Spede, profit, 918« 
Speded, hastened, 979.i 
Spede;, prosperest, 410. 
Spedly, expediently, 1936. 

*Spelle, speech, narrotive, 209, 

1199, .2184. . 
Spelle;, talkest, 2140,* 
Spend, ) fastened, 158, 587. O.N. 
Spenet, j tpmna. 
Spende (speche), to talk, 410. 
Spenne, space, interval, 1074,2316. 
Spenn^^ spinny^ quickset hedge, 

1709,' 1896. 
Spetos, sharp, emel, 209. 
Sponej, spoons^ 886. 
Spore;, . spnrs, 587. 
Sprenged, sprang, 1415 ; dowsed, 

2009. 
Sprent, leopt, 1896. 
Sprit, stlArted, 2316. 
Spreng, sprang, 670. 
♦Spuiedr ) =opered, inquired, 901, 
Spuryed, ) 2093. 
Spyt, injury, 1444^- 
Stobled, estoblished,. 1069;^ 
Stoblye, stotion of huntsm«i, 1 1 53. 
*Stad, ploced, disposed, 33, 644, 

2137 
Staf-fiil^ quite foil, 494. 

sK' ) '^*' ^^' ''^- 

Stalked, opprooched, moved, 237. 
*Stolworth, strong, po werfol, broye, 
846, 1659. 



Stonge, pole, stoff, 1614. A.S. 

ttenge, S.Proy.E. stang, 
Stopled, furnished with staples, 

981. 
*Storande, glittering, 1818. 
Start, started, moved, 431, 1716. 
Statut, agreement, covenant, 1060. 
Stoue, stafif, 2139. 

StSde, 1 P^' ^^^' ^^^^' ^^^^• 

♦Stek, 'stuck, 152. 

*Stel, stole, 1191. 

Stel-gere, sted-gear, armour, 260. 

*Stemed, ) stood still, stopt, 230, 

Stemmed,) 1117. 

♦Steuen, voice, sound, 242, 2008, 

2336; conference, 1060, 2194, 

2213. 
Stif, strong, brave, 104, 1Q7, 322. 
Stif, courageously, 671 ^ 
Stifly, 287, 605. 
Stirop, 2060.. 

Stithly, I stiffly, strongly, 431, 
Stythly, j 575. A. S.^^i^A, strong. 
♦Stijtel, to dispose, 2137. 

StiS ! ^i^> ^^^^' ^^^' 2213. 

Stoffed, 606. 

""^Stoken {p.p. of steke), secured, 

fastened, fixed, 33, 494, 782, 

2194. 
Ston-stil, 242. 
Stonyod, confounded, astonished, 

1291. 
Stor, ) strong, great, 1291, 1923. 
Store, ) A.S. ^^dr^ greats vast. 
Stori, 34. 
Stoundef, time, 1567^ bi-stounde;, 

ot times, 1517. 
Stowned, confounded, astonished, 

242, 301. 
Strakande, blowing, 1364, 1923. 

A hunting term«^ 
Strayne, restrain, curb, 176. 
Street, close, tight, 152. 
Strok, stroke, 287. 
Stroked (beard), 334. 



OLOSSARIAL INDEX. 



117 



Strokes, brandishes, 416. 
♦Strothe, rugged, -wild, 1710. See 

note, p. 83/ 
Strye, destroy, 2194. 
Strythe, ) position- of the legs 
Stryththe, j when £nnly placed, 

stride, 846, 2305. 
Stubbe, stock of a tree, 2293. 
Stnre^^stirs, brandishes, 331. 
Sturne, stout, bold, 143 ; used sub- 
stantively, 214. 
Stumely, 331. 
Sturtes, stirrups, 171^' 
Stylly,. softly, 1 1 17. 
Sty^tel, set, dispose, 2252: 
Suande, following, 1467. 
Sued, followed, 601, 1705. 
Sues, follows, 510. 
Sumned, summoned, 1052. 
Sum-quat, somewhat, 86. 
Sum-quyle, ) once, formerly, 625, 
Sum-whyle, ] - 720.- 
Sundred, severed, disjointed, 659. 
Sure, 588. 
Surfet, fault, 2433. 
Surquidre, pride, 2457. 
Swange, loins, 138, 2034. O.Sw. 

eivanffe. 
Swap, exchange, 1108. 
♦Sware, square, 13ft.(f?y 
♦Sware, answer, llOSw 
Swared, answered, 1793,2011.^ 
Swarej, answers, 1756. 
♦Swenged, rushed, 1439. 
Swengen, proceed, move quickly, 

1615. 
Swenges, starts, rushes, 1756. 
Swere, swear, 403; swore, 1825. 
♦Swete, "♦» swete''^ in life, 2&18. 

Sir P. Madden renders it mit 
Swete, adj. used- substantively, 

1108, 1222. 
Swete=sweet, fine, good, 180.- Sir 

E. Madden renders it sweated, 
Swethled, folded, 2034. A. S. 

swethel, a swaddling-band. 
♦Sweuenes, dreams, 1756. 



♦Sweyed, moved, pressed, 1429. 

*Swej, ) follows, 1562 ; stooped, 

Sweje j 1796. 

Swyerej, squires, 824. 

♦Swyngej, rushes, 1562. See 
8weng^^, 

♦Swyre, neck, throat, 138,186,957. 

♦Swythe, quickly, 8, 815, 1424, 
2259; greatly, earnestly, 1860, 
1866, 1897. 

Swythely, quickly, much,' 1479. 

Swoghe (silence), dead (silence), 
243. A. S. swiigiany to be silent, 
mute, astonished. 

♦Syflej, blows, whistles, 517. 

Sykande, sighing, 1796. 

♦Syked, sighed, 672. 

♦Syker, sure. See 8%ker, 

Sykyng, sighiflg, 753. 

8yluener=sylueren, adj. used sub- 
stantively, silver, plate, 124. 

Syluer-in, silver, 886. 

Symple, 503. 

Syngne, si^, token, 626. 

*Syn, since, 19, 24, 919, 1892. 

8^C;i«-^' 1^. «32,. 761, 
Sythej, ) 1868. 
Sythen, since, afterwards, next, 
1, 6, 43, 115, 358, 1234, 1339. 

%%i ] ?*^' ^^'^^^' ^^^^' 

Ta, take, 413, 2357. 
Tablej, corbels (?), 789. 
Tachched, ) attached, fixed, 219, 
Tached, ) 2512. 
Tache^, fastens, 2176. 
♦Takles, gear, 1129. 
Tale, speech, discourse, 1236. 
Talenttyf, desirous, 360. 
Talkande, talki^, 108. 
Talkyng, speech, 917. 
Tan \pl.\ take,. 977,^ 1920. 
Tan, taken, 490, 1210. 



118 



GLOSSARIAL INDEX* 



Tapit^ carpet^ 568;, table (?), 884. 

Tars is stated by Ducaage to mean 
Tharaia, a country adjoining to 
Cathay, but not to be confounded 
with Tartary. In 7i7, 868, it 
is named as the place where 
tapestries were manufaetured, 
and in 571 a rich' silk must be 
understood. 

Taysed^teased Q\ driyen, harass- 
ed, 1169. 

♦Tayt, lively, spcwtive, 988, and 
hence active, fierce^ 1377. Sir 
S. Madden suggests /^tr, pkmp^ 

^^ThebnstuMs bukkis raki»fuTth on raw, 
Heyrdis of hertis throw the thyk wt>d- 

schaw, • 

^ddis sk^ipand throw ra&ays eh&c 

wys, 
In lyssouris and on leys $ litiH lamteys 
Full tai/t and tryg iloi^t bletalid to 

thar dammys." 

(G. Douglas, Tol. ii., p. 769,) 

Tajfcte, ! ^^""^^^^ ^*^^' ^^^®- 
♦Teccbeles, blameless, 917. 
♦Tech,. disposition, quality, 2498% 
Teches (p^ of tifch\ 2436. 
♦Telde, mansion,, habitation, 11, 

1775. 
Telded, sfet up. Wilt, 7^5, 884, 
Teldet, set up, 1648. 
Teldes> habitations, 11. 
Temes, stori^^ themes, 1541. 
♦Tene,-«i. sorrotv, mischief^ 22» 
Tene, adf» tedious, perilous^ d^- 

cult, 1008, 1707, 2075* 
Tene, vh, to grieve, 2002. 
Tenqd,. grieved) 2d01j molested^ 

1169. 
^ Tene;, troubles, matters, 547^ 

^^r^ Teneljng,.trOttble(?), 1514 




^t, sb* Care^ intent, attention, 

624. 
Tented^ took care of, 1018. 
l^har, need, 22354. A.S. ikearfim. 



That, used for what, 1406. 
Thaj, though, 350, 438) 467: 
♦Thede, country, land, 1499v 
Theder, thither, 935. 
Then, than, 24, 236, 655. 

There, j "^^^^^ ^^^' ^^^' ^^^ 
Ther-fome, therefore, 1107. 

Ther-tylle, thereto^ 1110, 1369. 

Stwiri "'^'^^"^'^.^^ ^^^' 
Thinkke;, ) seems, llll, 1241^ 

GKiynkkej, ) 1481, 1793, 2109. 

*Tho, those, 68j 466; the, 39, 

1419. 
Thof, though, 624. 
♦Tholed, suffered, 1859, 2419. 
Thonk, thanks, 1380. 
Thonke, thank, 1984. 
Thonkke;, thanks, 1031. 
Thore, there, 667. 
Tho^t, seemed, 49, 803, 819, 870. 
Thrasti thitist) 1443. 
♦Thrat, threaiened, 1713; com*- 

polled, urged, 1980. 
Hiawen, bound, twisted* 194. 

A.S. tkrdwan, to wind. 
*Thrawen, brawny, 579» In G. 

Douglas thrawin has the sense 

of fierce, bold^ strong. 
Thred 1712). 

♦Threpe, chiding, 1859, 2997* 
Threpe^ chides, reproves, and 

hence straggles with, 504< 
Threted, threatened, 1725. 
*Thrich,-pu8hj rush, I7l3. 
♦Thro, ieames^ eager, 645, 1713| 

1751, 1868, 1946; quickly^ 

1 021 ; . bold, c<mMent, 2300. 
♦Throly, earnestly, 939. 
♦Thronge,. thrust, crowded, 1021. 
Throw, time, while, 1680, 2219. 

Av8. ihfah% 
Tli3roweM=thrown=exposed, 1740. 

Sir F. Madden takes it to be 

another form of thrawefif plump. 
Thrye, thrice, 763. 



6L0SSARIAL IN&EX. 



119 



TFhryes, thrice, 1936. 
♦Thryngej, crowdest, 2397. 
♦Thrynne, three> 1868. 
Thryuande, hearty, 1980. 
Thryuandely, heartily, 1080, 1380. 
♦Thryuen, well favoured, 1740. 
^OTiryjt, threw, 1443 ; given, 1946. 
>Thulged«tholged>=thol^, endured, 

1 859. A. S. tholffian, to endure. 

Buffer. 
♦Thurled— thirled, pierced, 1356. 
Thurj, ) through, ahoye, 91, 243, 
Thurje, ) 645. 
Thu^t, thought, 843, 848. 
Thwarle, tight, hard, 194. Wliar^ 

knot is still used in the same 

sense in Lancashire. 
Ihwong, thong, 194. 
Thwonges, thongs, 579, 
Thy, therefore (?), 2247. 
Thyjej, thighs, 579. 

rp. ' J quickly, steadily,promptly. 



31,, 299, 1596. Siee 
As'tyt, 



Tyt, 

Tite, 

Tyte, 

Titleres, hounds, 1726. 

To, too, 1827. 

To— te, go, 1671. 

To-fylched, seized, pulled down^ 

1172. 
To-hewe, to cut in pieces, 1853. 
♦Tole, weapon, axe, 413, 2260. 
♦Tolke, man, 1775, 1811, 1966. 

See Tidh. 
To-mom, | to-morrow, 54B^ 756, 
To-mome, ) 1097. 
Tone»»taiLe,«ibetaken> committed, 

2159. 
Toppyng, mane(?), or top, head(?), 

191. 
Tor, tedious, difficult, 165, .719. 

O.N. tor (a prefixal element de^ 

noting- difficulty, trouble, etc.) 
To-raced, run down, 1168. 
Torche, 1119. 
Toret-^turreted, 960. 
Tomayeej, turns, wheds^ t7€7. 



SiTt 



Tortors, turtles, 612. 
Toruayle^slabour, task, 1540. O.N. 

torvelldr. O.Scotch, torfely to 

be fatigued, to pine away. 
To-tachched, fastened, tied, 579. 
Totes, peeps, looks, 1476. Swed. 

titta, 

Toumayed, 41. ir.-/ >^ • .-, « 

♦Towch, request, t30L %^ ^^^ ^ r^^V', 
l^owehes, sounds, 120. '^^ 

Towchej, covenants, 1677. 
Towen, come, dl»wn, 1093, A.S. 

tedn {p*p. togeny ge'togerC)^ to 

pull, draw, to go. 
To^t, adj. behaved, mannered, 1869. 

'Northumbrian ta]t O.E. tau]t, 
Trammes, stratagems, 3. 
Trantes, employs artifices or tricks, 

1707. See Townely Mysteries, 

V. Trant, 
Trased, tw&ied, 1739. 
Trauayl, fatigue, labour, 2241. 
Trauayled, travelled, 1093. 
Traunt, trick, 1700. See Tranter, 
Trauthe, ) troth, faith, fidelity, 
Traweth, V 403,. 626, 1060^ 
Trawthe, ) 1545, 1638. 
Trawe, to believe, .70, 90, 1396 ; 

imp. trust, 2112. 
Trayle^, hunt by^the track or scent, 

1700. 

Trayst, assured, 1211. 

Trayteres=trayueres=traufirce (?), 

1700. CTnt^. ffcr.ii*.ff-*,3)r3, 

Treleted^ adorned, 960. ly^^^/z^^l^i^syf 

Tressoun, head-dress, 1739. 

Trestes,. I trestles, supports of a 

Trestej, ] table, 884, 1648. 

Tricherie, tree^chpjry, 4. 

Tried, 4. 



Sft ! "". »«■ 



♦Trochet, a term of architeoture, 

*Tj?owe, to believe, 813, 223». 
True, adf\ used BubBtaatively«B 
truth (?), 1210. 



120 



OLOeSAKIAL INDEX. 






Trolofe}, trae-lore knots, 612. 

Sssj^: 1 t™">p«t^ "«. 1016. 

^TruBsen, pack up, 1129. 
Trwe, true, 1091, 1514, 1845. 

Trweluf, J ^^-^o^e, 1527,1540. 

Tryed, fine, costly, .good,* 77^219. 
Tryst, trust, 380. 
Tryster, | The statioiis alloted 
Trysteres, ) to different persons 

in hunting, 1146, 1170, 1712. 
Trystyly, faithfully, 2348. 
Tule«tuly (?), 568. 
♦Tulk, man, knight, 3, 638, 2133. 
♦Tulkes, men, 41. 
Tuly seems to be equivalent, 858, 

to ■■ Toulouse, 77, which place 

seems .then to have been famed 

for its tapestries. 
Tuschej, tusks,'1563, 1579. 
Tweyne, two, twain, 962, 1339. 
Twyes, twice, 1522. 
*Twynne, to sever, part, 2512. 
Twynne, two, 425. 
Twynnen, twined, 191. 
Tyffen, to array, put in order, 

' 1129. OiN. fyppa. 
TyUe, to, 673, 1979. 
^►lymia, flayed, 1921. 
♦Tyt, promptly, speedily, 1596. 
Tytelet, commencement, chief, 

1515. 
Tyxt, text, 1515, 1541. 
♦Tyjt, fastened, tied, 568, 858. 
Tyjt, undertake or endeavour (?), 

2483. 

vlhe' ) eacli, 101, 131, 628, 995, 

Vcha=s Northumbrian ilka, each, 

742, 997, 1262. 
Vchon, ; ) each one, 98, 657, 
Vchone, ) 1113. 
*Vgly,horrible,441; horribly,2079. 
♦Vmbe, aroun4 about, 589, 1830, 

2034. 



ymbe-clypped,encircled, embraced, 

616. 
' Ymbe-foldes, encircles, *falls about, 

181. 
Ymbe-kesten, surrounded, 1434. 
Vmbe-lappej, enfolds, 628. 
Vmbe-teje, inclosed,* 770 ; te}e is 

from the A.S. ieogan, to draw, 

tedh, drew. 
Vmbe-tome (=about, around (?), 

SirF. M.)«abottt.tumed(?)« 

twisted (?). 
Ymbe-weued, enclosed, 581. 
Vnbarred, 2070. 
Vn-bene, rugged, impassable, 710. 

Bee Bene. 
Vnblythe, mournful, sorrowfril, 

sad, 746. 
Vncely, mischievous, 1562. 
Yncouth, strange, marvellous, 93, 

1808. 
Yndo, to cut up game ; a hunting 

term, 1357. 
♦Vnethej scarcely, 134. 
♦Vnhap, misfortune, 438, 2511. 
Vnhardeledj-wdispersed, 1697. Fr. 

hardelle, troupe. 
Vnlace, to cut up, 1606. 
Ynleute, disloyalty, 2499. 
Yn-louked, unlocked, 1201. 
Yn^mete, immense, 208. 
Yn-rydely, ruggedly, 1432. O.E. 

unryde, shcirp, rough. .A.S. «»- 

gerydii, rugged ; unyerydelice, 

sharply ; ^^rye^, -smooth, even. 
Yn-slayn, not slain, 1858. 
Yn-slyje, careless. ^ 
Yu-soundyly, fiercely, 1438. 
Yn-sparely, unspariiigly, 979. 
Yn-spurd, unasked, 918. See 

Spured, 
Yn-thryuande, • uncemrteous, 1 499. 
Yn-trawthe, unfaithfulness, 2383, 

2509. 
Yn-tyjtel, if not an error for vniyl 

ny)tey may 'mean unrestrainedly 

(fiim ty]tj to fasten). Sir F. 



GL0S8ARIAL INDEX. 



121 



Madden renders it merrily. See 

Vp-brayde, drawn up, 781. 

Vpon, at, 9, 301, 1934. 

Yrysoun, the same as the eointene 
or " kerchef of plesaunce," 608. 
Fr. hourson. 

Vtter, out, outward, 1565. 

Vayles, veils, 958. 

Yayres, purity, 1015. Left unex- 
plained by Sir F. Madden. 

Ver, man, knight, 866. O.jN". ver, 

Verayly, 866. 

Yerdure, green, 161. 

Yertuu8=:vertuou8, precious, 2027. 

Yewters, men who tracked deer 
by the fewte or odour, 1146. 

Yisage, 866. 

Yoyde, to quit, 346. 

Yoyded, got rid of, 1518 ; Toid, 
free, 634. 

Yoyde J, casts, 1342. 

Yyage, expedition, journey, 535. 

^y W> I fault, 345, 634. 
Yylanye, j ' ' 

Wage, surety (?), 533. 

Wages, 396. 

Waked, kept awake, sat up at 

night, 1094. 
♦Wakkest, weakest, 354. 
♦Wakned, awakened, 119; shone, 

1650. 
♦Wale, to seek, 398; choose or 

possess, 1238. 
♦Wale, lovely, worthy^ 1010; 

choice, good, 1712, 1759. 
Waled, chosen, 1276. 
Walke^, spreads, 1521. 
Walle=swale, excellent, 1403. 
♦Wallande, boiling, ferment, 1762. 
♦Walt, threw, east, 1336. O.K 

vellta, 
♦Walt, exercised, possessed, 231 ; 

enjoyed, 485. 
♦Waltered, poured, was shed, 684. 
♦Wan, came, 2231. 



Wande, bough, branch, 1161. 
♦Wane, wanting, deficient, 493. 
♦Wap, blow, 2249. 
♦Wapped, flew with violence, as 

an arrow ; rushed as the wind, 

2004. O.K vappa. 
War ! exclamation of the hunters, 

1158. 

'^In the Maister of the Oame, in fhe 
instructlonB for huntins' the hare, the 
horsemen are directed * for to kepe that 
none honirnde folowe to sheepe, ne to 
other heestis, and if thei do, to ascrie 
hem sore, and hilaisshe hem wel, say- 
ing lowde. Ware ! Ware ! ha, ha ! 
Ware r "—KS. Coti, Vesp. B. xii., 
fol. 97b, 

War, aware, 764, r586. 
Ware, to use, employ, 402, 1235. 
Waret, acted, dedt, 2344. 
Warly, warily, 1186, 1900. 
Warloker, more warily, 677. 
♦Warp, cast, 2253; cast, uttered, 

224, 1423, 2025. 
♦Warthe, water-ford, 715. 
Waryst, protected, 1094. 
Wast, waist, 144. 
Waste, wilderness, 2098. 
♦Wathe«wothe, injury, danger, 

2355. 
Wat), was, passim, had, 1413. 
Waunden, wound, bound, 215. 
♦Wayke, weak, 282. 
♦Wayned, brought, 264, 984, 1032, 

2456; sent, 2459. 
♦Wayne J (=wayuej ?), raises, 1743. 
♦Wayte, to see, 306. 
Wayted, looked, 2163. 
Wayte?, watches, looks, 1 186, 2289. 
Wayth, game, venison, 1381. 
Wayu«i, stroked, moved, 306. 
We! ah! 2185. 
♦Wede, armour, clothing, part of 

the dress, 831, 1310, 2358. 
Wedes, ) armour, garments, 151, 
Wedej, ) 271, 861; foliage of 

the groves, 508. 
Wela-wylle, exceeding lonesome, 

9 



122 



GL068ABIAL INDEX. 



desert, 2084. Cf. O.E. «^f7-«om^, 
ionelfi desert ; try/, astray, for- 
lorn. 

♦Wela- Wynne, very joyous, 518. 

Welde, possess, enjoy, 835, 837, 
1064. 

Weldei, possesses, 1528,1542,2454. 

We-loo, alas ! 2208. 

♦Wele, wealth, riches, V, 60, 1270, 
1394; joy, 485, 1371, 1767, 
2490; good fortune, 997, 2134. 

lUTelkyn, sky, air, 525, 1696. 



♦Wend, ) to go, 559, 1028, 1053; 
1712. 



Wende, I went, 90, 1161 ; gone, 



Wende, thought, 669. 
Wendej, turns, 2152. 
♦Wene, ween, think, 270, 1226. 
Wener, fairer, 945. O.N. tan, 

O.Dan. wan, beautiM. 
Wenged, avenged, 1518. 
Went«= wend«thought, 1711. 
Weppen, weapon, 384. 
Werbelande, warbling, whistling, 

2004. 
Werbles, notes, 119. 
Were, wore, 1928. 
Were, war, 271 ; hostility, 1628. 
♦Were, to defend, ward off, 2015, 

2041. 
Wemed, refused, denied, 1494. 
Wemes, denies, 1824. 
Wemynge, refusal, denial, 2253. 
Werre, war, 16. 
Werrej, make war, 720. 
Wesaund, wind-pipe, 1336. 
Wesche, washed, 887. 
Weterly, savagely, fiercely, 1706. 
Weue, to give, 1975. 
Weued, gave, 2359. 
Wex, waxed, 319. 
♦Wejed, carried, 1403. 
Whirred, made a whirring noise, 

2203 
What, how! lo! 1163, 2203. 



What-so, whatsoever, 382, 1550. 

Wheder-warde, whitherwaard, 1053. 

Whene, queen, 74, 2492. 

Whethen, whence, 871. 

Whether, either of two, 203. 

Whyrlande, rushing, 2222. 

Whyssynes, cushions, 877. 

Wich, what, 918. 

Wit, ) know, learn, 131, 255, 

Wyt, ) 1508. 

Wit, with, 113. 

With, Iby, 664, 1153, 1229, 

Wyth, ) 2416. 

*Wi^t, adf, great, strong, 1762 ; sh, 

strong, fierce (one), 1440. 
♦Wlonk, fair, beautiful, 515, 581, 

1977, 1988, 2432. 
Wlonkest, fairest, 2025. 
Wod, went, 787. 
*Wode, mad with anger, 2289. 
Wod-crafte^, skill in the arts of 

the chace, 1605. 
Wodwos, wild men, monsters, 721. 

A.S. wudu'wasan, wood satyrs, 

robbers. 
Woke {pret, of toake), watched, 

sat up at night, 1025. 
Woled«wolde=would, 1508. 
Woldej, desirest, 2127 ; wouldst, 

2128. 
Wombe, belly, 144. 
Won, ) power or will, or rather 
Wone, ) possession, 1238 ; riches, 

wealth, 1269. S.Sax. wunnen, 
♦Won, ) dwelling, mansion, cham- 
Wone, f ber, 257, 736, 906, 2490. 

7oZ: ] ^ ^^^^> 257, 814. 
Wonde, dwelt. See Woned. 
♦Wonde, to avoid, shrink back, 

563. 
Wonde, delay, 488. 
Wonder, marvel (?), 1 6. Does it not 

rather signify sorrow? S.Sax. 

tDundre, hurt, mischief. 
Wonder, wondrous, 2200. 
Wonderly, wondrously, 787, 1025. 



OLOSSABIAL INDEX. 



123 



Wone, riches, wealth, 1269. 
♦Woned, dwelt, 50, 701, 721. 
•Wonej, dwellings, mansioiis, 685, 

1051, 1386, 2400. 
♦Wonej, dwells, 399, 2098. 
♦Woimen, conducted, brought, 

831 ; arriyed, come, 461, 1365 ; 

brought, 2091. 
/Wont=woned^dwelt, abode, 17. 

Sir F. Madden renders it use, 

custom. 
Wont, lack, want, 131. 
Wont, faU, 987. 
Wontej, fails, 1062. 
Wonyd, dwelt, 2114. 
Wonyes, dwells. See Wone^. 
Worde, fame, reputation, 1521. 
Worlde, Nature, 530. 
♦Wormej, dragons, serpents, 720. 
♦Worre, worse, 1588, 1591. 
Wort, herb, 528. 
♦Worth, to be, happen, 238, 1202, 

1^14,1302; «%. be, 2127, 2374. 
Worthed, was, became, 485 ; would 

be, 2096 ; become, 678. 
Worthej, is, becomes, wiU or shall 

be, 2035, 1106, 1387. 
Worthe, worthy, 559. 
Worthilych, worthy, honourable, 

343. 
Worthy, worthily, 1477. 
Worthy, 8b. 1276, 1508. 
Worthyly, honourably, properly, 

72, 144. 
*Wot, know, 24. 
♦Wothe, harm, mischief, injuiy, 

222, 488, 1576. 
Wowche-saf, vouchsafe, 1391. 
♦Wowes, walls, 1180. 
Woxes=:waxep, grows, 518. 
*Woje, wrong, harm, 1550. 
♦Woje, wall, 858. 
Wojes, walls, 1650. 
♦Wrake, destruction, mischief, 16. 
Wrast, loud, stem, 1423. 
Wrast, advantage (?), 1663. A.S. 

u?rastf good. 



Wrast, disposed, 1482. 
Wrastele}»wre8tle|, wrestles, 525. 
Wrathed, troubled, annoyed, 726. 
Wrathed, entangled, ensnared, 

2420. 
Wrejande, reviling, 1706. A.S. 

wrSffan, to accuse, to drive. 
*Wro, obscure comer, 2222. 
Wroth, ) violent, sharp, boister- 
Wrothe, j ous, 70, 319, 525, 

1706. 
Wroth {pret of writhe), moved 

round, 1200. 
Wrothely, angrily, 2289. 
Wrotheloker, more angrily, 2344. 

Wrojten, 1 ^^^^asioned, 3, 32. 

Wrujled, clad, folded, 2191. 

♦Wyghe, ) man, knight, 131, 249, 

Wyj, 384, 581, 1487; ap- 

Wyje, ) pUed to God, 244. 

Wykis, comers of the mouth, 1572. 

Wylde, used substantively for 
beasts of the chace in general, 
1150,2003; and in the singular 
number, 1167, 1586, 1900, the 
words deer, boar, fox, being re- 
spectively understood. 

Wyldrenesse, 701. 

Wyle, ) wily, 1728 ; used sub- 

Wyly, ) stantively, 1905. 

*Wylsum, wild, desert, and hence 
unpleasant, 689. O.K wtfly for- 
lorn. 

*Wylt= willed, wandered, escaped, 
1711. 

Wylyde, wild, amorous, 2367. 

Wylnyng, wiU, 1546. 

Wyndej, returns, 530. 

♦Wynne, joy, bliss, 15, 1765, 2420. 

♦Wynne, goodly, 1032, 2430, 2456. 

♦Wynne, to come, arrive at, 402, 
1537, 2215. 

Wynne-lych, cheerful, 980. 

Wynnej, proceeds, goes, 1569,2044. 

Wynt-hole, wind-hole, 1336. 

Wypped, wiped, 2022. 



124 



OLOfiSARIAL INDEX. 



Wypped, struck, 2249. 
♦Wyrde, fate, 1752, 2134, 2418. 
Wyrdes, destinies, 1968. 
•Wysse, teach, direct, 549, 789. 

WyS; 1 ^'''' *^^' 1«»^' 1^36. 
Wysty, desert, waste (?), 2189. 
Wyt. See Wit 
Wytej, looks on, 2050. 
Wyj. See Wyphe. 

^yj^J' j men, 1403, 1167. 

Wyjt, person, wight, 1792. 
♦Wyjt, loud, 119. 
Wyjtest, bravest, ^61. 
"Wyjtest, strongest(?),most rapid(?), 

1591. We mi^ht read «?y^{fc»^=: 

widest. 
Wyjtly, quickly, 688. 

Yme, iron, 2267. 
Ymes, harness, armour, 729. 
Ysse-ikkles, icicles, 732. 
♦Yje, eye, 198. 
Yje-lyddej, eye-lids, 446. 
Yjen, eyes, 82, 304, 684. 

Jarande, ) loud, snarling, 1595, 
^arrande, j 1724. S.Sax. ^uretif 

to chatter. 
♦Jare=yare, quidkiy, soon, 2410. 
*Wked,'made ready, 820. 
*|axkke^, makes ready, disposes, 

2410. 
Jaule, howl, 14*53. 
^ayned, hallooed, 1724. S.Sax. 

jeteUf to cry. O.K. ^^yo, «^ 

bark. 



}e, yea, 813, 1091, 1497; stiU, 

ever, 1729. 
lede, ) went, 817, 1122, 1400, 
teden, ) 1684. 
^Jederly, promptly, soon, 453, 

1215, 1485, 2325. 
♦Jelde, requite, 1038, 1263; yield, 

1215. 
♦jelde, ) yielded, gave, 67, 1595, 
lelden, ) 1981. 
ielde^, returns, 498. 
lelle, yell, 1453. 
^pyng, pomp, ostentation, 492. 
^Jep, \ active, alert, 60, 105, 284, 
fepe, ) 1510; fair, 951. 
ieply, promptly, 1981, 2244. 
ter, year, 60, et alih, 
*Jem, ) quickly, 498 ; earnestly, 
Jeme, j eagerly, 1478, 1526. 
*Jemes, | runs, passes away 
Jimej, ) quickly, 498, 529. 

A.S. ge-umen. 
Jet, yet, 1122. 
♦Jette, grant, 776. 
*)e^e, ask, 1215. 
le^ed, asked, 67. 
fif, if, 1494, 1496. 
|ime^. See \eme8, 
^od, went, 1146. 
fol, Christmas, 284, 500. 
folden, yielded, 453, 820. See \eld$. 
iolje, yellow, tawny, 951. 
^Jomerly, lamentably, piteously, 

1453. 

^nge, younger one, 951. 
^onge-^er, youth, 492. 
^onke=»pnge, young person, 1526. 
*Jore, yarey long time, 5114. 



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ALPHABETICAI. INDEX. 

Afghan (or Pushto) . Czechian (or Bohemian) . Hebrew ( Judeeo-German). Polish. 

Ambaric. Danish. Hebrew (current.hand). Pushto (or Afghan). 

Anglo-Saxon. Demotic. Hungarian. * Komaic (Modem Greek). 

Arabic. Eatran^elo. Illyrian. Russian. 

Arabic Ligatures. Ethiopio. Irish. Eunes. 

Aramaic. Etruscan. Italian (Old). Samaritan. 

Archaic Characters. Georgian. - Japanese. Sanscrit. 

Armenian. German. Javanese. Servian. 

Assyrian Cuneiform. Glagolitic. Lettish. Slavonic (Old). 

Bengali. Gothic. Mantshu. Sorbian (or Wendish). 

Bohemian (Czechian). Greek. Median Cuneiform. Swedish. 

Btigls. Greek Ligatures. Modem Greek (Komaic). Syriac. 

Burmese. Greek (Archaic). Mongolian. Tamil. ■ 

Canarese (or Cam&taca) ^ Gujerati (or Guzerattee).. Numidian. Telugu. 

Chinese. Hieratic. " Old Slavonic (or Cyrillic). Tibetan. 

Coptic. Hieroglyphics. Palmyrenian. Turkish. 

Croato-Glagolitic. Hebrew. Persian. Wallachian. 

Cuftc, Hebrew (Archaic). Persian Cuneiform. Wendish (or Sorbian). 

Cyrillic (or Old Slavonic) . Hebrew ( Rabbinical) . Phcenician. Zend. 

Philological Society. — Peoposals for the Publication of a New Enolish 
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CanoneS Lexicograpllici ; or, Bules to be observed in Editing the New 
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Watts. — EssATS on Langitage and Liteeatuee. By Thomas Watts, of 
the British Museum. Reprinted, with alterations and additions, from the Transac- 
tions of the Philological Society, and elsewhere. In 1 vol. 8vo. [In preparation. 

Wedgwood. — ^ Dictionaey of English Etymology. By Hensleiqh 

Wedgwood, M.A., late Fellow of Ch. Coll. Cam. Vol. I. (A to D), pp. xxiv. and 

608, 8vo., cloth, 14«. Vol. II. (E to P), pp. 670, cloth, 14^. Vol. III., completing 

the Work, in the Press. 

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able book, of great research, full of delightful surprises, a repertory of the fairy tales of linguistic 
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