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Catalogue and Register 

•QF — 


East IvAke Station 
Birmingham, Ai^abama 

For the Academic Year 1907-08, with 
Announcements for 1908-09 



— BY — 



1908- 1909 

First Term begins Wednesday, September 9, 1908 

Alabama Sunday-school Day October 8, 1908 

intercollegiate Oratorical Contest November 20, 1908 

Thanksgiving Holidays November 26 - 29, 1908 

Christmas Holidays December 24, 1908 — January 3, 1909 

Mid-session Examinations begin January 25, 1909 

First Term ends January 31, 1909 

Second Terms begins February i. 1909 

Anniversary of Philomathic Society February 26, 1909 

Anniversary of Franklin Society .- April 23, 1909 

Final Examinations begin May 10, 1909 

Commencement May 23-26, 1909 


James B. Elus, President Selma, Ala. 

S. S. Broadus, Vice-President Decatur, Ala. 

P. C. Ratliff, Secretary Birmingham, Ala. 

FIRST DIVISION — Term Expires in 1909. 

Joseph G. Reynolds Greenville, Ala. 

W. H. Terry Fayette, Ala. 

J. M. Shelburne East Lake, Ala. 

WitUAM A. Davis Anniston, Ala. 

C. S. Rabb Evergreen, Ala. 

P. C. Ratliff Birmingham, Ala. 

A. D. Smith Birmingham, Ala. 

D. H. Marbury Birmingham, Ala. 

SECOND DIVISION — Term Expires in 1911. 

J. T. AsHCRAFT Florence, Ala. 

Austin Crouch Woodlawn, Ala. 

Charles H. Davis Columbia, Ala. 

J. B. Ellis Selma, Ala. 

D. L. Lewis Sycamore, Ala. 

J. G. LowREY Pine Hill, Ala. 

W. P. McAdory Birmingham, Ala. 

H. C. Reynolds Montevallo, Ala. 

THIRD DIVISION — Term Expires in 1913. 

A. W. Bell Anniston, Ala. 

William A. Tallaferso Opelika, Ala. 

L. LasseTER Montgomery, Ala. 

D. C. Cooper Oxford, Ala. 

S. L. Fuller Cullman, Ala. 

J. W. Minor Ensley, Ala. 

S. S. Broadus Decatur, Ala. 

M. B. Wharton Eufaula, Ala. 

J. D. Heacock Birmingham, Ala. 

Term expires in 1909. 
S. W. Welch Talladega, Ala. 

Term expires in 191 1. 

A. J. Moon, Treasurer of the College. 



J. W. Minor, Chairman; 
A. D. Smith, 

P. C. Ratuff, 

W. P. McAdory, 

J. M. Shelburne, 

President oe the Board, 

President oe the College. 


A. W. Bell, Chairman; 

D. L. Lewis, 

D. H. Marbury. 


J. G. LowrEy, Chairman; 

M. B. Wharton, 

C. S. Rabb, 



A. W. Bell, Chairman; 
J. B. Ellis, 

A. D. Smith, 

D. L. Lewis, 

W. A. Davis. 



A. J. Moon, President East Lake, Ala. 

W. C. Griggs, Vice-President Birmingham, Ala. 

W. A. Berry, Secretary and Treasurer East Lake, Ala. 

The above Officers and 

Dr. E. p. Hogan, Chairman Birmingham, Ala. 

Rev. J. M. McCoRD ' East Lake, Ala. 

H. C. Montague East Lake, Ala. 

C. E. Crossland Montgomery, Ala. 

A. L. Smith East Lake, Ala. 

D. C. Cooper, Jr Oxford, Ala. 

All former students of good standing are eligible to membership, 
and they may become members by the payment of the annual dues 
($i.oo), which should be sent to 

W. A. Berry, Secretary and Treasurer, 

East Lake Station, 

Birmingham, Ala. 


1907 -1908 


President of the College, 

Lecturer on Literature and History. 

Professor Emeritus of Pure Mathematics. 


Dean of the Faculty, 

Professor of Mathematics. 

Professor of Greek and Latin. 

Professor of Modern Languages. 

Professor of English and the Bible. 

Professor of Chemistry and Biology. 


Principal of the Academy, 
Assistant Professor of History and Mathematics. 


Assistant Professor of English and Latin. 


Assistant Professor of Biology and Mathematics, 

Commandant of the Cadet Corps. 

Instructor in Mathematics and Physics. 

C. C. JONES, M.D., 
College Physician and Lecturer on Hygiene. 




Post Adjutants. 




Pre;sident of the College, 

Lecturer on Literature and History. 

Partial Graduate University of Virginia ; A.M., 1882, Columbian 
University; Ph.D., 1894, Columbian University; LL.D., Richmond Col- 
lege, 1896; Instructor and Professor of Latin, Columbian University, 
Washington, D. C, 1875-1897; Dean Columbian College, 1895-1897; 
President Furman University, South Carolina, 1897-1902; President 
Howard College since 1902 ; Editor Letters of Cicero and Letters of 

GEORGE W. MACON, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., 

Dean of the College, 

Professor of Biology. 

A.B., Howard College, 1884; A.M., Howard College; Ph.D., Uni- 
versity of Alabama ; Graduate Student Columbia University, New York, 
and Brooklyn Biological Institute, New York; Professor in Howard 
College ; Professor of Biology, Mercer University, Georgia, 1895 to 1908. 
Elected Dean of Howard College, 1908. 

* EDWARD BRAND, A.M., M.S., L.H.D., 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy. 

A.B., Kentucky State College, Lexington, 1894, and A.M., 1896; 
Teacher, Cynthiana (Ky.) High School, 1897; Student University of 
Chicago, summer quarters, 1899, 1901, and 1903; M.S., Kentucky State 
College, 1904. Member of Faculty of Howard College since 1898; Dean, 
1 906- 1908. 

* On leave of absence. 

Professor of Greek and Latin. 

A.B, Lineville College, 1896; A.B., Howard College, 1897; A.M., 
Howard College, 1902; Teacher Hartselle College, 1897-1899; Student 
University of Chicago, summer quarter, 1903 ; Professor of Latin, Raw- 
lings Institute, Virginia; Professor Greek and Latin, Howard College, 
since 1901 ; Treasurer of College since 1907 ; President of Society of 
Alumni, 1908-1909. 

Professor of Modern Languages. 

A.B., Georgetown College, 1901 ; Principal Scottsboro (Ala.) Bap- 
tist Institute, 1901-1903; Studied in Germany and France spring and 
summer 1903 ; Student Cornell University, summer 1904, and University 
of Chicago, summer 1905 ; in Germany, summer 1907 ; Professor Modern 
Languages in Howard College since 1903. 


Professor of Economics and History, and 
Instructor in the Bible. 

A.B. and A.M., Howard College, 1892; Th.B., Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary, Louisville, 1895 ; Student of Church History, 
Union Seminary, New York, 1902-1903; Graduate Student Columbia 
University. New York, 1902-1903; Professor in Howard College since 


Acting Professor of Chemistry and Physics. 

A.B., 1905; A.M., 1906, Wake Forest College; Instructor and Stu- 
dent at Wake Forest, 1905-1906; Instructor and Student Cornell Univer- 
sity. 1906-1907; Acting Professor Howard College since 1907. 


Acting Professor of English and Moral Philosophy. 

A.B., Wake Forest College, 1903 ; Graduate Student University of 
Chicago, 1905-1907; Instructor in English, Wake Forest College; Prin- 
cipal Public School, Monroe, N. C. ; Professor of English, Baptist Uni- 
versity for Women, Raleigh, N. C, 1907-1908. Elected Acting Professor 
Howard College, 1908. 

Acting Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy. 


Acting Principal of the Academy. 

B.S., Howard College, 1906; Assistant Principal, Jasper Graded 
Schools, 1906-1908; Elected Acting Principal of the Academy June, 
1908; Secretary and Treasurer, Society of the Alumni, 1908-1909. 

C. C. JONES, M.D., 

College Physician and Lecturer on Hygiene. 

Graduate Centre Ridge Academy, Alabama; M.D., Philadelphia 
University of Medicine and Surgery, 1870; Certificate from New York 
Polyclinic, 1888 ; President Alabama State Medical Association, 1904- 
1905 ; Member Board of Examiners, U. S. Bureau of Pensions, Birming- 
ham, 1907 — . 


1908- 1909. 

On Athletics: 

On Buildings and Grounds : 

On Catalogue and Other Publications : 

On Lectures and Entertainments : 

On Library: 

On Schedule and Curriculum : 

On Senior and Graduate Studies : 



On Student Organizations and Petitions : 



A. J. MOON, 
Treasurer of the College. 

Purchasing Agent. 

Commandant and Secretary of the Faculty. 


By Rijv. John R. Sampijy. D.D., LL.D., 

Professor in the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. 


In August, 1833, the Alabama Baptist State Convention, 
at a thinly-attended meeting, resolved to found a school for 
the education of young ministers. It was deemed best to com- 
bine manual labor with mental cultivation. In 1834 a farm of 
three hundred and fifty-five acres, within a mile of Greens- 
boro, was purchased for $6,390, payment to be made in three 
annual installments. At a meeting of the State Convention in 
1835 the agents reported that $12,000 had been subscribed 
for the Manual Labor School. The Trustees of the institution 
announced to the Convention of 1836 the attendance of fifty 
students. By formal resolution the Convention declared that 
the chief aim in founding the school was "the improvement of 
the ministry of our denomination." The financial panic of 
1837, together with internal disorder and dissensions in the 
Manual Labor School, so discouraged the State Convention 
that at an adjourned session in December, 1837, it ordered the 
sale of the property to meet an indebtedness of $7,000. The 
balance of $2,000 was appropriated to ministerial education. 

In Rev. Thomas Chilton's admirable Report on Educa- 
tion, presented to the Alabama Baptist State Convention in 
1849, "'•'^y be found a brief history of the founding and early 
life of the Howard. We quote the first two paragraphs : "The 
incipient steps toward establishing Howard College were taken 
by the Alabama Baptist State Convention, at its regular annual 
meeting in Talladega,- in November, 1841. At that time it was 
resolved to establish a college of a high character ; a plan for 


its endowment was proposed ; an agent was appointed ; Marion, 
Perry County, was selected as the location ; a Board of thirteen 
Trustees was appointed to control said institution, to whom all 
subscriptions were to be made payable, and by whom, when 
they should become a corporate body, all property of the 
institution should be held." 

In January, 1842, the school was opened, with Prof. S. S. 
vSherman, a graduate of Bowdoin College, and more recently 
a tutor in Tuskaloosa, as President and sole teacher. Nine 
small boys, meeting in a modest wooden building, formed the 
original student-body over which the accomplished and wise 
young master presided. The number of students rose to thirty- 
one before June, 1842. 


The Board of Trustees announced to the State Convention 
in 1842 that a charter for Howard College had been obtained, 
and proposed a plan for endowing a Professorship of Theology 
with $20,000. The Convention approved the plan, and two 
years later the entire amount had been subscribed. During the 
session of 1842-3 Mr. Sherman was reinforced by Prof. S. 
Lindsey and an assistant. Prof. A. A. Connella and Jesse 
Hartwell were added to the Faculty during the session of 

In 1844, just as Rev. J. H. DeVotie was commencing a 
campaign for the further endowment of the Howard, the 
college building was destroyed by fire. Through the earnest 
efforts of the students, aided by the citizens, the library and 
the physical and astronomical apparatus were saved. New 
grounds were purchased for $1,500, and a better building, 
erected at a cost of $11,500, was ready for occupancy in 1846. 

During the earlier years of its history Howard was not 
strictly a college, but only a preparatory school, advancing 
students through the Sophomore year. During the session of 
1846-7 a Junior class was formed, and on the 27th of July, 
1848, four young men were graduated with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, and three with that of Bachelor of Science. 

During the session of 1847-8 there were only two theo- 

14 HOWARD coli,e;ge:. 

logical students in the Howard. At the close of the session 
Dr. Jesse Hartwell resigned as Professor of Theology, and 
Rev. T. F. Curtis, of Tuscaloosa, was elected to the chair. 
During the session of 1848-9 there were six ministerial stu- 
dents in the College, an increase which the Board noted with 
much satisfaction, and the total enrollment rose to one hun- 
dred and forty-five. There were now six regular instructors, 
besides a pupil who assisted in the teaching. President Sher- 
man was building wisely, and the Baptist people were justly 
proud of their twin schools at Marion. 


On the first of January, 1852, Professor Curtis, who had 
previously notified the Board of his purpose to resign, was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. Henry Talbird, of Montgomery. Before the 
close of the session of 185 1-2, Professor Sherman, who had 
presided over the fortunes of the College from its foundation, 
informed the Trustees of his intention to sever his connection 
with the school at the end of the session. Noah K. Davis, a 
gifted scholar and teacher, took Professor Sherman's chair of 
Natural Sciences, and Dr. Talbird was chosen as President, a 
position which he filled with great acceptance until the war 
interrupted the work of the College. Dr. Talbird then donned 
the uniform of a Confederate soldier and went to the front. 

During the session of 1852-3 the total enrollment of the 
students was one hundred and forty-eight, of whom fourteen 
were in the Theological Department. 


On the night of October 15th, 1854, the College building 
was burned to the ground. President Talbird had inspected the 
building, and all the students had retired for the night. About 
midnight the cry of "Fire!" was heard. Already the flames, 
which seem to have originated on the basement floor, were 
sweeping up the wooden stairways, cutting off all escape to the 
students on the upper floors. "The faithful janitor, Harry, a 
slave belonging to President Talbird, was the first to be 


aroused by the fire. He flew up the steps with lightning speed, 
through flame and smoke, and showed his devotion to the stu- 
dents by rushing to each door of the rooms occupied by the 
sleeping inmates, and apprised them of their peril. Coming fre- 
quently into contact with the flames, the heroic negro abated not 
his haste or determination to arouse the inmates of each room. 
When the circuit had been made, poor Harry sprang for his 
life from a high window and fell to the earth in an unconscious 
condition, his clothes almost consumed by the fire, and hair and 
eyebrows burnt away. The faithful slave was soon a corpse — 
he had given his life for others." — (Riley, History of the Bap- 
tists of Alabama.) The students of the Howard and mem- 
bers of the Alabama Baptist Convention united in erecting a 
monument in the cemetery at Marion to the heroic janitor. 

Only one student lost his life_ through the fire, but two 
professors and about ten students were more or less seriously 
injured, most of them from having to jump to the ground from 
the upper floors. The apparatus, cabinets and libraries in the 
building were a total loss. Howard College was left with a 
building lot, old notes on endowment estimated at $40,000, and 
new subscriptions, obtained in the summer of 1854 by Rev. 
Z. G. Henderson, amounting to something over $10,000. 


In this season of calamity the friends of the Howard ral- 
lied to its support. Marion led in the good work. Dr. J. T. 
Barron, a member of the first graduating class of the College, 
gave a better lot for the new buildings, and the citizens of 
Marion subscribed liberally for the erection of these buildings. 
Rev. J. H. DeVotie accepted the position of financial agent for 
the College, and within a year had raised $40,000 for new build- 
ings and additional endowment. Prof. Noah K. Davis drew 
the plans for the three new buildings, which, when completed, 
became the home of Howard College until its removal to East 
Lake in 1887. 

In 1856 Rev. Washington Wilkes, one of the first grad- 
uates of the College, succeeded Rev. J. H. DeVotie as finan- 
cial agent. Early in 1857 the Board of Trustees reported that 


the total endowment fund of Howard was $95,528.21. The 
chapel and one of the dormitory buildings was then ready for 
occupancy. During 1857 Rev. Z. G. Henderson added to the 
permanent funds of the College $48,000. In the report for 
1857, the Board for the first time mentioned the name of 
Mr. Jere H. Brown, of Sumter County, who did so much for 
the Howard within the next three years. They tell us that 
Mr. Brown had promised to support six theological students. 
Within two years the number of ministerial students rose from 
seven to twenty-one, of whom Mr. Brown was supporting 
twelve. Rev. W. S. Barton, the financial secretary for 1858, 
reported to the Board $47,000 in conditional subscriptions. It 
was agreed that none of these subscriptions would be binding 
unless $100,000 should be raised. During the session of 1858-9 
there were twenty-four students for the ministry in Howard. 
Howard College has had only one Jere H. Brown. Blessings 
on his memory ! 


Early in the Civil War President Talbird became Colonel 
of the Forty-first Alabama Regiment. The attendance of stu- 
dents fell off until only two professors were retained in the 
College — A. B. Goodhue and D. B. Sherman. In 1862 Gen- 
eral E. D. King, of ]\larion, died. Dr. B. F. Riley does not 
overstate the value of his services when he says: "It is not 
too much to say that the denomination of the State is more 
indebted to General E. D. King for the successful establishment 
and maintenance of its two schools than to any other." 

In May, 1863, the Confederate authorities made applica- 
tion for the use of the Howard buildings for hospital purposes. 
The request was granted, and the exercises of the College were 
suspended until after the war. In 1865 the Federal soldiers 
occupied the buildings as a hospital. Against the earnest and 
repeated protest of the Trustees, one of the dormitories was 
appropriated to the use of the freed negroes. As was foreseen, 
this resulted in serious damage to the building. The property 
of the College w^as held under libel for confiscation by the 
United States Marshal, but was subsequently released. 



In the fall of 1865 the College was opened for students, 
with a Faculty consisting of Profs. A. B. Goodhue, E. Q. 
Thornton, and Tutor D. P. Goodhue. Dr. Talbird declined to 
accept the office of President. Shortly after the meeting of 
the State Convention in November, 1865, Dr. J. L. M. Curry 
yielded to the entreaty of the Board, and became President 
of the Howard until the close of the session of 1867-8. He 
labored against untold difficulties arising from the impover- 
ished condition of the people of Alabama. The crops of 1866 
were almost a failure, so that he could do little to provide 
funds for the institution. In the face of the financial depres- 
sion, the ladies of Marion spent nearly $600 for repairs and 
improvements upon the buildings anH grounds. 

During the first three sessions after the war the attend- 
ance of students in the Howard was small. In 1867-8 there 
were only fifty names on the roll. 

After Dr. Curry's resignation, Professor Thornton was 
made the administrative head of the school. His brief admin- 
istration of one year was eminently successful in increasing the 
attendance, one hundred and fifteen names appearing on the 
roll. At the close of the session he gave up the presidency, 
retaining, however, his chair in the College. Rev. Samuel R. 
Freeman, who was graduated from the Howard in 1855, was 
elected President of the College in 1869. He met the highest 
expectation of his friends during the two years he held the 
place. The attendance rose in 1869-70 to one hundred and 
eighty-four. There was a considerable falling off the following 


In the catalogue for 1869-70 appeared for the first time 
the name of Thomas J. Dill as Professor of Greek and Latin 
Literature. For more than a quarter of a century this great 
teacher gave to Howard College service of the first order. 
Hundreds of young men in a score of States revere his 

When Dr. Freeman gave up the presidency in 1871, retain- 



ing for a short time the position of Professor of Theology, the 
Trustees called Colonel J. T. Murfee, who was already known 
to the people of Alabama as an excellent organizer, disciplina- 
rian and instructor, to become President of Howard College. 
For sixteen years he filled the office with great ability, and it 
was the wish of the alumni and other friends of the College 
that he should preside over its fortunes as long as his strength 
would allow. He resigned in 1887, when the Convention 
decided to remove the Howard from Marion to East Lake. 

The first serious effort to endow Howard College after the 
war had its origin in connection with the Centennial of Ameri- 
can Independence. The subject of endowment came before the 
Alabama Baptist State Convention in 1875, and it was agreed 
that the Centennial among Alabama Baptists should be cele- 
brated by raising an endowment for Howard College. It was 
suggested that it was practical to secure as much as one dollar 
for every Baptist in the State. A Central Centennial Com- 
mittee, consisting of one member from each district association 
in the State, was appointed, and Rev. J. J. D. Renfroe, D.D., 
was chosen as general agent to superintend the movement. He 
went over the State making speeches in the interest of the Col- 
lege, and did much to advertise the school among the Baptists 
everyAvhere, but the plan was foredoomed to failure, as far 
as financial results were concerned. Wealthy Baptists were 
prompt to come forward with one dollar each, when they ought 
to have put hundreds and thousands into the endowment. The 
agent gave a year of self-sacrificing toil to the cause of educa- 
tion, and those who' are familiar with the situation before and 
after 1876 think the year bore good fruit in many directions. 
But Howard had no endowment at the close of the Centennial 

From 1876 to 1878 W. D. Fonville was Professor of 
Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. During the sessions of 
1877-9 J- M- ^il^ taught Chemistry and Natural History. In 
the fall of 1876 Lewis T. Gwathmey came to teach Mathe- 
matics and Modern Languages. He was a teacher of the first 
rank and a Christian gentleman of exalted ideas. He was 


Stricken with a fatal attack of fever in the summer of 1881. 
Colonel W. R. Boggs served as Professor of Chemistry, etc., 
from 1879 to 1881. Colonel A. F. Redd succeeded Professor 
Boggs in 1 881, and Prof. A. D. Smith took the place of the 
lamented Gwathmey. The Faculty for the last six years at 
Marion consisted of J. T. Murfee, Thomas J. Dill, A. F. Reed 
and A. D. Smith, together with a teacher of the Preparatory 

The attendance of students in 1871-2 was one hundred and 
thirty-five. It fell to eighty-eight in 1879-80. The average 
attendance for the last sixteen years at Marion was one hun- 
dred and twelve. 

In 1884 Howard College was sold, the property being 
bought in by certain friends of the school. This step was 
taken in order to settle forever the question of free tuition for 
persons holding ante-bellum certificates of scholarship. 


The State Convention in Birmingham in 1886 tendered 
its thanks to Colonel J. B. Lovelace and Dr. W. W. Wilkerson 
for their wisdom and generosity in securing the title to the 
College property and dedicating it to the Convention. Now 
that the Convention had a title to Howard College, unincum- 
bered, it was deemed wise to proceed at once to raise an ade- 
quate endowment. Pledges amounting to $6,600 were made 
by the members of the Convention in a few minutes, and the 
enthusiasm ran high. This was on Saturday afternoon, July 
17, 1886. On the following Monday night Dr. E. B. Teague 
introduced a resolution looking to the removal of Howard Col- 
lege to the neighborhood of Birmingham. After much earnest 
discussion on Tuesday morning the resolution inviting bids 
from land companies for the removal of the College was 
adopted. A committee of five was appointed to receive bids 
and report back to the next meeting of the Convention. Dr. 
G. A. Nunnally, appointed financial agent, raised in cash 
$2,172.97 and in subscriptions for permanent endowment about 
$14,000. Partly owing to the discussion of removal, the attend- 


ance at Howard fell off a little during the session of 1886-7, 
and there was a deficit of $1,632.29 for the year. 

At the State Convention in Union Springs in July, 1887, 
there was a spirited debate over the question of removing the 
Howard from Marion. Several bids were reported from land 
companies. It was finally decided that the College should be 
removed, and a prudential committee of thirteen was appointed 
to examine the various bids, with power to accept the bid which 
promised most for the future of the College. The subscription 
of the East Lake Company and others cooperating with them 
amounted to an estimated total of $170,075, most of which con- 
sisted of donations of land at the inflated prices then prevailing 
in and around Birmingham. This bid was ultimately accepted 
by the prudential committee, and the College opened at East 
Lake in October, 1887. 

Meantime the boom at Birmingham had collapsed, and 
men found it difficult to redeem their pledges in money. More- 
over, but little had actually been subscribed apart from dona- 
tions of land. It was with great difficulty that $8,000 could 
be got together to erect two temporary wooden buildings for 
the school by October ist. 


Professors Dill, Smith and Giles came with the books and 
fixtures to East Lake, and Professors Macon and Waldrop 
were added to the Faculty. Prof. Robert Frazer, LL.D., hav- 
ing declined the presidency, Dr. T. J. Dill was elected Chair- 
man of the Faculty for the session of 1887-8. He discharged 
the duties of the office in a most creditable manner. 

Prof. J. L. Johnson, LL.D., of the University of Missis- 
sippi, was elected by the Board in 1888 as President of the 
Howard, but he declined the call. Late in the summer of 1888 
the position was tendered to Rev. B. F. Riley, who accepted, 
and at once went to work to secure students for the approach- 
ing session. The presence of yellow fever in the State greatly 
hindered the new President, so that the enrollment for the 
year was only one hundred and forty-three. Dr. Riley main- 


tained a close supervision over the student-body. He soon 
became known as a rigid disciplinarian and diligent canvassing 
agent. Early in 1889 Rev. D. I. Purser succeeded Dr. Shaffer 
as financial agent, and secured about $32,000 in notes for the 
erection of a permanent building. During the summer of 1889 
Mrs. Tartt, of Livingston, Mrs. Ethridge, of Avondale, and 
other ladies furnished new beds and bedding for the Howard 
dormitory. Dr. Riley and two of his colleagues went all over 
Alabama during the vacation, canvassing for students, and they 
had their reward in the increased attendance. 

At Selma, in November, 1889, the Baptists of the entire 
State rallied nobly to the support of their College, pledging 
$14,415.51 for the new buildings. The Convention of 1889 
was remarkable for the restoration of harmony in the ranks of 
the denomination. The number of students during the session 
of 1889-90 was one hundred and seventy, and during the fol- 
lowing session it rose to two hundred and six, a larger number 
than had ever before been matriculated at the Howard. The 
main building was completed in the spring of 1891. 


In June, 1892, Howard College celebrated its semi-cen- 
tennial, when addresses were delivered by Rev. J. B. Haw- 
tliorne, D.D., General George D. Johnston, Prof. D. G. Lyon 
and others. In the summer of 1893 Dr. Riley accepted a pro- 
fessorship in the University of Georgia. Rev. A. W. McGaha, 
an alumnus of the Howard, was chosen as President of the 
College. Dr. McGaha found the College deeply m debt, owing 
to the failure of many subscribers to meet their notes to the 
building fund. 

During the session of 1893-4 one hundred and fifty-two 
students were enrolled, nineteen of whom were graduated in 
June, 1894. The College grounds were improved in appear- 
ance by the voluntary work of the students, who dug up trees 
and stumps, and made and graded walks through the campus. 
A gracious revival of religion swept through the College, under 
the preaching of Rev. L. O. Dawson and Rev. J. H. Foster, 
all the students in the barracks except one being converted. 

22 HOWARD COIvI^ilGe. 

In the summer of 1895 Prof. G. W. Macon accepted a call 
to Mercer University. Mr. S. J. Ansley was selected to assist 
Professor Dill in Latin and Greek. In June, 1896, Dr. McGaha 
declined reelection as President, and Prof. A. D. Smith was 
made Chairman of the Faculty for the year 1896-7. Drs. B. D. 
Gray and P. T. Hale and Rev. W. A. Hobson took the field in 
the interest of the Howard, and soon raised in cash $8,000. 
But the debt of the College, allowing liberally for certain assets, 
was $26,000. 


Prof. A. D. Smith resigned his chair in Howard at the 
close of the session of 1896-7. Prof. F. M. Roof was made 
Chairman of the Faculty, and Edwin H. Foster was elected 
Professor of English. Edgar P. Hogan, a recent alumnus of 
the Howard, was chosen Professor of Natural Sciences, and 
he was, until June, 1906, Chairman of the Faculty and Com- 
mandant. In 1898 Professor Edward Brand, a graduate of the 
State College of Kentucky, was added to the Faculty; and in 
August, 1906, he was elected Chairman of the Faculty. 

A committee, appointed by the State Convention in Decem- 
ber, 1897, to ascertain the value of the land and buildings, 
reported that the buildings and fixtures were worth about 
$30,000, and all the lands, originally put at over $100,000, 
were now worth about $8,105.20. If a purchaser could have 
been found for the College property in 1897, ^^^ institution 
would not have been able to meet its indebtedness with the 
proceeds of the sale. 

The Faculty of Howard College now came to the rescue 
and were successful in their management of affairs. The State 
Convention at Opelika in 1898 decided to come to the relief 
of the brave Faculty. Through the labors of a committee, con- 
sisting of B. D. Gray, A. C. Davidson, F. M. Roof and D. L. 
Lewis, the entire debt of Howard College was paid in full on 
the 14th day of July, 1899. D. L. Lewis, of Sycamore, Ala- 
bama, led all the givers, though others gave liberally. He also 
aided his colleagues of the committee in securing large con- 

HOWARD colleige;. 23 

tributions from men of means. It began to look as if the spirit 
of Jere H. Brown had come back to earth again. 

Meantime President Roof and the Faculty conducted the 
discipline and instruction with great faithfulness and good suc- 
cess. In June, 1902, President Roof voluntarily retired from 
the presidency, after five years of good work. Rev. L. O. 
Dawson was elected President later on in the same month, but 
declined the office. At the State Convention in New Decatur, 
June, 1902, steps were taken to improve the charter of the 
College, and nearly $2,000 was subscribed toward paying the 
salary of the incoming President. 

In 1901 Allen J. Moon, a graduate of Howard College and 
some time student in the University of A^irginia, was chosen 
Professor of Greek and Latin. In 1902 G. W. Cunningham, 
an alumnus of Furman University, was put in charge of Eng- 
lish and Philosophy, and the next year John C. Dawson, who 
graduated from Georgetown College, was elected to the chair 
of Modern Languages. The year before M. B. Garrett, an 
A.M. of Howard College, was added to the teaching corps. 
Mr. Garrett having resigned in 1905, Mr. J. W. Vardaman, a 
graduate of the University of Alabama, was chosen Principal 
of the Academy, and Mr. D. F. Stakely, an alumnus of Mercer 
University, and Mr. Albert Lee Smith, Howard, '05, were 
added to the Academy teaching force. In May, 1905, Prof. 
G. W. Cunningham, having been offered a scholarship in Cor- 
nell University, was granted leave of absence, and J. A. 
Hendricks, A.B., Howard College, and some time a special 
student in Columbia University, N. Y., was appointed Acting 
Professor of English and Philosophy. 


Since the fall of 1902 A. P. Montague, LL.D., has pre- 
sided over the fortunes of the Howard. The Trustees counted 
themselves happy to be able to secure the service3 of a trained 
and experienced educator, who had demonstrated in other 
States his ability to cope with difficult situations. Since Dr. 
Montague's connection with the Howard the grounds have 

24 HOWARD coli^eige;. 

been much improved in appearance, a substantial stone wall 
has been placed in front of the campus, additions have been 
made to the Faculty, the roll of students has been increased 
from one hundred and twenty to two hundred and seven. Ren- 
froe Hall, a commodious brick dormitory, has been erected 
and furnished at a cost of $18,000, and the Baptists of the 
State have contributed nearly $3,000 a year to current expenses. 
President Montague threw himself into the work of canvass- 
ing for students and raising money with such unremitting zeal 
that he seemed at one time about to break down his health. 
The friends of the College rejoice in his recovery, and stand 
ready to follow his leadership in promoting the interests of 
the Howard. 

A substantial, tasteful and convenient brick building was 
erected in 1905, at a cost of $10,000, with special reference to 
the immediate needs Of the Library and for the accommodation 
of classes. 

By action of the Trustees, this building bears the name 
Montague Hall, in memory of Mrs. May Christian Montague. 

In May, 1906, Prof. E. P. Hogan, who had for years 
faithfully served the College as professor and Chairman of 
the Faculty, resigned to practice medicine, and Prof. Edward 
Brand was chosen Chairman of the Faculty. In May, 1907, 
Dr. Brand was elected Dean of the Faculty. At the same 
time A. H. Olive, a graduate of Wake Forest College, N. C, 
and later a graduate student in Cornell University, N. Y., was 
elected Professor of Chemistry and Biology. In 1908 Assistant 
Professor Albert Lee Smith severed his connection with the 
College to enter into business with his father, Prof. A. D. 
Smith, and Mr. W. A. Berry, a recent graduate, was chosen 
to succeed him. 



The College is composed of nine academic schools or 
departments, as follows : 

I. School of English and Elocution. 

II. School of Latin Language and Literature. 

III. School of Greek Language and Literature. 

IV. School of Modern Languages. 
V. School of Mathematics. 

VI. School of Physics and Astronomy. 

VII. School of Chemistry and Biology. 

VIII. School of Mental and Moral Sciences and the Bible. 

IX. School of History and Political Economy. 



I— School of English and Elocution 

Professor Hendricks. 
Mr. Vardaman. 

This school offers instruction in the principles of gram- 
mar, rhetoric, and composition, and in the critical study of 
prose and poetry. Its purposes are: (a) to cultivate the 
habit of clear, consecutive thought; (&) to engender a spirit 
of careful attention to details ; {c) to familiarize students with 
the basic principles of prose composition, and to gain some 
practical knowledge of composition as an art; (rf) to aid in 
accurate and concise expression of ideas ; {e) to gain a general 
acquaintance with representative English and American authors 
and some familiarity with the history of English and American 
literature; (/) to create, as far as may be, and cultivate a 
sympathetic interest in the masterpieces of the English lan- 


Course I. — Pive hours a week, entire year. This course 
is a transition from the study of grammar to that of composi- 
tion. It first endeavors to give a comprehensive and inspiring 
view of grammar, dealing especially with the nature and struc- 
ture of the sentence. This is followed by a study of the first 
principles of practical composition and a reading of some 
classics. This course presupposes a thorough acquaintance 
with grammar. 

Texts. — The English Sentence, Kimball ; Composition and Rhet- 
oric, Arnold, Kittridge and Hubbard ; Classics. 

Course II. — (i) Pive hours a week, first term. This 
course is devoted exclusively to a study of practical compo- 
sition. Emphasis is placed upon originality and neatness in 


work and accuracy in expression. Themes are written fre- 
quently by students and submitted for correction. 
Text. — To be selected. 

(2) Five hours a zveek, second term. This work attempts 
a view of the field of American literature, its historical as well 
as literary aspect being taken into consideration. Frequent 
themes, based upon a study of representative masterpieces of 
American authors, are required. 

Texts. — History of American Literature, Bronson ; Classics. 

Course III. — Three hours a zveek, entire year. The pur- 
pose of this course is to gain a comprehensive view of English 
literature. The literary history of England from Chaucer 
through the age of Victoria is carefully followed ; and this 
study is supplemented by a first-hand investigation of authors 
representative of the different periods. Lectures by Dr. Mon- 
tague present the vital obligations of English literature to the 
literature of Greece and Rome. 

Texts. — History of English Literature, Crawshaw ; Classics. 

Course IV. — Three hours a zveek, entire year. In this 
course the interpretative powers of the student are tried by a 
critical study of prose and poetry, and a sympathetic appre- 
ciation of literature is cultivated. The first term is devoted to 
a brief study of the theory of style, followed by an investiga- 
tion of selections from the works of English and American 
prose writers, such as De Quincey, Burke, Arnold, Hawthorne, 
and Lowell. The latter part of the course deals with definite 
periods of English literature, the study of each period being 
based upon the works of the representative poet. 

Texts. — Philosophy of Style, Spencer; Principles of Success in 
Literature, Lewes; Handbook of Rhetorical Analysis, Genung; Classics. 
For reference : Practical Elements of Rhetoric, Genung. 

To graduate students in this department work is offered 
in the history of the English language, supplemented by read- 
ings in Old and Middle English ; or in the drama, tracing it 
from its beginning in the liturgical plays through the Marlowe 


school to its culmination in Shakespeare and its decline in 
Jon son and Beaumont and Fletcher. 

II— School of the Latin Language and Literature 

Professor Moon. 
Mr. Stakely. 

The purpose of the instruction of this department is to 
give the student thorough knowledge of the inflections and 
extensive familiarity with the vocabulary of the language, sys- 
tematic training in the principles of syntax, and some acquaint- 
ance with the history and criticism of Latin literature and with 
the public and private life of the Romans ; but greater emphasis 
is placed on the study of the language, so as to lay a broad 
and solid foundation for more advanced work. Requirements 
for entrance to this school are a knowledge of four books of 
Cgesar's Gallic War and three or four orations of Cicero. 

Two courses in Latin are offered. 

Course; L — (i) Cicero De Officiis, Cicero's Letters. 
Other topics of study : Latin word formation as an aid in 
acquiring a vocabulary; the analysis of simple and compound 
sentences ; Roman life and history, suggested in reading the 
text; reading at sight. Four periods a zveek, first term. 

(2) Continuation of the reading of Cicero's Letters, 
Pliny's Letters. At least one period a week during the session 
is given to Latin prose composition. Four periods a week, 
-second term. 

Texts. — Chase and Stuart's De Officiis ; Abbott's edition of Cicero's 
Letters ; Montague's edition of Pliny's Letters ; Allen and Greenough's 
Latin Grammar, and Nutting's Advanced Latin Composition. For ref- 
erence : Gow's Companion to School Classics ; Harper's Dictionary of 
Classical Literature and Antiquities ; Johnson's Private Life of the 

Course IL — (3) Selections from the Odes, Satires and 
Epistles of Horace ; systematic study of Latin quantity and 

HOWARD college;. 29 

versification and of Greek and Roman Mythology ; Livy, Books 
XXI and XXII ; Latin composition. Some time is also given 
to the study of syntax, word formation, etc. 

Reading two periods a zveek and Latin prose composition 
one period a zveek, first term. 

(4) Tacitus' Germania and Agricola; Satires of Juvenal; 
systematic study of the syntax of the verb in dependent 
clauses ; study of Roman Literature ; Latin composition. 

Reading tzvice a zveek and Latin prose composition once a 
week, second term. 

Texts. — Smith and Greenough's Horace; Chase and Stuart's Livy; 
Tyler's Tacitus ; Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar ; Nutting's 
Advanced Latin Prose Composition ; Wilkins' Primer of Latin Liter- 
ature; White's or Lewis' Latin Dictionary; Kelsey's Outline of Greek 
and Roman Mythology. For reference : Same as in Course I, with the 
addition of Harper's Latin Dictionary, White's English-Latin Dictionary, 
and Hale and Buck's Latin Grammar. 

Ill — School of the Greek Language and Literature 

Professor Moon. 

The instruction in this department is intended (i) to lead 
the student to the mastery of the inflections, vocabulary, syntax, 
and idioms of the language, and thus enable him to read Greek 
with accuracy and readiness; (2) to give him some acquaint- 
ance with the masterpieces of Greek Literature and awaken 
in him an appreciation of the excellencies of Hellenic genius; 
(3) to make the study of Greek an aid in the mastery of 
English, and a means of intellectual training and development. 

Three courses are provided for in this school. 

Course L — (i) Xenophon's Anabasis; systematic study 
of grammar; practice in reading at sight; composition and a 
study of important principles of word formation. Considera- 
tion is also given to questions relating to Greek history and 
life which arise in reading the Anabasis. Five periods a week, 
first term. 


(2) Xenophon's Anabasis, Books III, IV and V; Xeno- 
phon's Symposium. Five periods a week, second term. 

Texts. — Harper and Wallace's or Goodwin and White's Xenophon's 
Anabasis ; Jones' Greek Composition ; Goodwin's Greek Grammar. 

Course; II. — (3) Xenophon's Memorabilia; Plato's 
Crito ; systematic study of case relations and the syntax of the 
verb ; exercises in Greek prose composition. 

Reading three periods a week and composition one period 
a week, first term. 

(4) Plato's Phgedo; Homer's Iliad; study of versifica- 
tion, the Homeric dialect, mythology, Greek history and life, 
and Greek literature; exercises in Greek composition. 

Reading three periods a. week and composition one period 
a week, second term. 

Texts. — Smith's Xenophon's Memorabilia; Forman's Selections 
from Plato; Leaf and Bayfield's Homer's Iliad; Goodwin's Greek Gram- 
mar; Liddell and Scott's Greek Lexicon; Jebb's Primer of Greek Liter- 
ature; Mahaffy's Old Greek Life. For reference: Gow's Companion to 
School Classics ; Gayley's Classic Myths ; Harper's Dictionary of Classic 
Literature and Antiquities ; Murray's Greek Composition for Colleges. 

Course; III. — (5) Herodotus; Clouds of Aristophanes. 
Some attention will be given to the origin and development of 
Greek Comedy and Tragedy, and to the metrical systems of 
Aristophanes. Two periods a week, first term. 

(6) Greek New Testament. In connection with the 
reading of the New Testament attention will be given to the 
following topics : Critical comparison of the Authorized and 
Revised Versions, the teaching and historical setting of pas- 
sages studied, syntax, vocabulary, and composition. Inci- 
dentally, word formation, synonyms, and textual criticisms will 
be studied. Two periods a zveek, second term. 

Texts. — Merriam's Herodotus ; Humphrey's Clouds of Aristo- 
phanes ; Westcott and Hort's Greek New Testament ; Green's Handbook 
to the Grammar of the New Testament ; Burton's New Testament Mood 
and Tense. For reference : Winer's or Blass' Grammar of the Greek 
Testament; Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament; 
Meyer's or Hackett's Commentary on Acts ; the Appendix to Westcott 
and Hort's Greek Testament. 


IV — School of Modern Languages 

Professor Dawson. 


I. — I. Elementary German. Five hours. Fall term. 

The essentials of German grammar; drill in pronuncia- 
tion; reading of very easy German narrative; translation of 
simple English into German. 

Texts. — Joynes-Wesselhoeft's German Lesson Grammar; Werner- 
Spanhoofd's Kleine Geschichten fiir Anfanger; Guerber's Maerchen und 
Erzaehlungen, Part II. 

2. Elementary German. Five hours. Spring Term. 

Grammar; reading of complete selections from several 
well-known authors ; short themes ; oral and written reproduc- 
tion of short stories read in the class. Special attention paid 
throughout the year to acquisition of gender, to idioms and 
prepositional phrases. 

Texts. — Joynes-Wesselhoeft's German Lesson Grammar; Baum- 
bach's Sommermarchen ; Hoffmann's Das Gymnasium zu Stolpenburg; 
Schiller's Der Neffe als Onkel. 

II. — 3. Intermediate German. Five hours. Fall Term. 

Reading from well-known authors ; composition, review of 
grammar and syntax ; oral and written reproduction of stories. 

Texts. — Pope's German Composition ; Hauff's Lichtenstein ; Suder- 
mann's Teja; Schiller's Gustav Adolf in Deutschland and Lied von der 
Glocke; Mosher's Willkommen in Deutschland. 

4. Advanced German. Five hours. Spring Term. 

The reading of German poetic and dramatic works; brief 
survey of history of the literature ; composition ; German daily 
life; a little time spent on commercial or scientific German. 

Texts. — Scheffel's Der Trompeter von Saekkingen; Goethe's Iphi- 
genie auf Tauris or Hermann und Dorothea; Keller's Bilder aus der 
Deutschen Litteratur; Lessing's Emilia Galotti; Schiller's Die Brant 
von Messina. 

32 HOWARD colle;ge;. 

I. — I. Elementary French. Five hours. Fall Term. 
Drill in pronunciation and essentials of grammar ; dictation 
exercises ; easy reading begun. 

Texts. — Aldrich and Foster's Elementary French ; Sym's Easy 
French Reader. 

2. Elementary French. Fn>e hours. Spring Term. 

Grammar continued; translation from English into 
French ; dictation ; reading of stories and easy plays from 
well-known modern writers. 

Texts. — Aldrich and Foster's Elementary French ; Guerlac's Intro- 
duction to French Authors ; Labiche's La Grammaire ; Scribe's Les 
Doigts de Fee ; Gerardin's La Joit Fait Peur. 

II. — 3. Intermediate French. Three hours. Fall Term. 

Reading of works of moderate difficulty from authors of 
the nineteenth century ; composition ; history of France ; gram- 
matical review. 

Texts. — Vreeland and Koren's French Syntax and Composition ; 
Feval's La Fee des Greves ; Hugo's Les Miserables (abridged) ; Pail- 
leron's L'Etincelle (Guerlac) ; Fraser and Squair's French Grammar. 

4. Advanced French. Three hours. Spring Term. 

Selected works from seventeenth and eighteenth-century 
literature; French daily life; brief survey of history of litera- 
ture; several books read privately. History III is a prerequisite 
for this course. 

Texts. — Moliere's Le Malade Imaginaire; Corneille's Polyencte; 
Racine's Esther ; Beaumarchais' Le Barbier de Seville ; Balzac's Le Cure 
de Tours; Daily French Life (Newson & Co.). Parallel reading: 
Bruno's Tour de la France ; Foncin's Pays de France ; Scientific French 

III. — Elementary Spanish. Two hours. All Year. 

This course is purely elective. No credit given. The 
elements of grammar will be studied, and from one to two 
hundred pages of easy Spanish will be read. 

Texts. — Loiseaux's Spanish Grammar; Becquer's Tales, Legends, 
and Poems, or Alarcon's Novelae Cortas. 


V — School of Mathematics 

Professor Brand. 
Mr. Smith. 

This school offers a course in mathematics extending 
through the four years of collegiate study. A thorough knowl- 
edge of arithmetic and elementary algebra is required for 
admission into the Freshman class. 

Throughout the entire course reason rather than mem- 
orizing is insisted upon. Numerous original problems and 
exercises are given to test accuracy and to encourage self- 
confidence on the part of students. 

The Freshman and Sophomore years include only pure 
mathematics. The Juniors continue the same line of work, 
with the addition of Plane Surveying, Plane Analytic Geom- 
etry, and such applications of mathematics as may seem bene- 
ficial to the particular class. 

The Senior year, consisting largely of applied mathematics, 
is required of none but students of Engineering. This vicinity 
offers rare opportunities to students working toward Engineer- 
ing. Beginning with the second term of the Junior year, occa- 
sional outings will be made to the various railroads, mines, 
furnaces, foundries, factories, power-houses, etc., in and around 

course; of study. - 

I. — I. Plane) Geometry. — Three hours a zveek, entire year. 
Method of developing a demonstration emphasized. The- 
ory of limits introduced. Numerous original exercises 
assigned. Required of all Freshmen. 
Text-Book. — Wentworth, Revised Edition. 

2. Algebra, Intermediate Course. — Tzvo hours a zveek 
entire year. A rapid review of elementary principles. The use 
of the equation stressed. Theory of Limits introduced. Meth- 
ods of factoring, Synthetic Division, etc., studied. Required 
of all Freshmen. 

Text-Book. — Jocelyn. 

34 HOWARD college;. 

II. — 3. Solid Geometry. — Three hours a week, first term. 
Rapid review of difficult portions of plane geometry. The 
spacial concept and spacial relations emphasized. Solid 
and Spherical Geometry completed. 
Text-Book. — Weiitworth, Revised. 

4. Algebra, Advanced Course. — Two hours a week, 
first term. The uses of the equation, of proportion and of 
variation stressed. Series, The Binomial Theorem, Loga- 
rithms, Annuities, The Theory of Limits, Undetermined Co- 
efficients, Indeterminate Equations. 

Text-Book. — Jocelyn. 

5. Plane Trigonometry. — Three hours a zveek, latter 
lialf of Sophomore year. Ratio definition of functions of 
angles, theory of limits as affecting functions of angles, func- 
tions of multiple and fractional angles, right and oblique plane 

Text-Book. — Wentworth, Revised. 

6. Physics (Elementary Course). — Tzi'o hours a zveek. 
See Physics I. 

III. — 7. Plane Trigonometry (Advanced Course). — Three 
hours a zveek, first term. Review of Trigonometry with 
certain applications. Plane Surveying, the logarithmic 
series, development of the functions of angles. 
Text-Book.-^'W tr[i^Norih, Revised. 

-' 8. Physics (Intermediate Course). — Two hours a week, 
entire year. See Physics II. 

9. Analytic Geometry. — Three hours a zveek, second 
term. The straight line, circle, parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. 
Text-Book. — Bailey and Wood. 

IV. — 10. Spherical Trigonometry with Astronomy. See 
Astronomy I. 

II. Physics (Advanced Course). — Tzvo hours a week, 
entire year. See Physics III. 


12. Review oe Algebra and Arithmetic. — One hour 
a week, entire year. Required of all Seniors. Text-Book. — 
Any advanced arithmetic. 

V. — 13. Differential and Integral Calculus. — Three 
hours a week, one year. Offered primarily for students 
working toward Engineering. Open to others who show 
ability to handle mathematics. 
Text-Book. — Osborne. 

14. Analytic Geometry. — (Advanced Course.) 
Text-Book.— C Smith. 

15. Calculus. — (Advanced course.) 
Text-Book. — Murray or Byerly. 

Note. — No. 13 is for either undergraduate or graduate 
students; Nos. 14 and 15, for graduate work and recitations 
by appointment. 

VI — School of Physics and Astronomy 

Professor Brand. 
Mr. Smith. 

Recognizing the great progress made during the last eight 
to ten years in the science of Physics, the policy of the College 
is to develop this department of its work as rapidly as possible. 
Throughout the three years' course the subject is presented 
as a mathematical science ; numerous problems follow each 
chapter to test the student's knowledge of the theory. Labora- 
tory work is given parallel with the Junior and Senior years, 
and by means of mathematical checks the quantitative side of 
experiments is emphasized. 

Astronomy, presupposing some knowledge of advanced 
mathematics and physics, is offered during the senior year. 



Physics i. — Parallel with Mathematics II. One day a 
week, nine months, or tzvo days a week second term. 
Text. — Introduction to Physical Science, Revised — Gage. 

Physics 2. — Tzvo days a week, nine months: Parallel 
with Mathematics III. 

Te^:^.— Millikan and Gale. 

Physics 3. — Tivo days a week, nine months. 
Text. — Electricity and Magnetism — Jackson. 

Astronomy. — Two days a week, nine months. 
Text. — Young. 

VII — School of Chemistry and Biology 

Professor Olive. 

Course I. — General Inorganic Chemistry. — The funda- 
mental laws of Chemistry are studied, together with the his- 
tory, occurrence, preparation, properties, and uses of the more 
common elements and their compounds. Th'e lectures are inter- 
spersed with interesting experiments for the purpose of demon- 
strating the principles brought out in the discussions. 

The students are required to do individual laboratory 
work, thus becoming objectively familiar with the subjects 
taught, learning to manipulate apparatus and to draw conclu- 
sions from what they have observed. Each student keeps a 
laboratory note-book, in which he records the work done. This 
note-book is handed to the instructor for examination and 

Lectures. — Three hours a week, entire year. 
Laboratory.— Two hours a week, entire year. 
Required for A.B. and B.S. Credit, 3 points. 
r^4-f.— Newell. 


Course II. — The course extends throughout the year, and 
comprises qualitative analysis and organic chemistry. 
Lectures. — Two hours a week, entire year. 
Laboratory. — Four hours a week, entire year. 
Required for B.S., elective for A.B. Credit, 4 points. 

(a) Qualitative Analysis. — The laws underlying the sep- 
aration of elements and their identification are first studied. 
The lectures include, besides this, discussions of the chemical 
reactions involved in the separation of the common metals and 
in the identification of the common acids. 

In the laboratory the student makes practical application 
of these principles. Familiarity with the tables and knowledge 
of the processes involved are gained by working with known 
solutions. When this is accomplished, unknown mixtures are 
given each student, and he is required to report both the metals 
and acids therein. 

Text. — Mason. 

(b) Organic Chemistry. — A study of the hydrocarbons 
and their derivatives. Compounds with their important deriv- 
atives are studied from the paraffine, ethylene, acetylene and 
benzine series. Special emphasis is given to the more common 
commercial organic compounds, as ether, alcohol, chloroform, 
fats, soaps, sugars, starches, etc. 

The laboratory work consists of the preparation of repre- 
sentative compounds studied in the lectures. 
Text. — ^Remsen. 

Course III. — Qualitative Analysis. — The course com- 
prises qualitative analysis by gravimetric and volumetric 
methods. Time is devoted to weighing, igniting, making 
standard solutions, and titrating. The analysis includes com- 
mon chemical salts, coals, ores, etc. 

The student may choose the class of compounds to be 
analyzed to suit the requirements of the special work he has 
in mind. 

Lecture. — One hour a week, entire year. 

Laboratory. — Six hours a week, entire year. 

Elective for B.S. and A.B. Credit, 3 points. 



Course I. — General Biology. — The aim of the lectures 
is to give the student a knowledge of the principles of the 
structure and physiology of living things. A comparative 
study is made of the characteristics of the different type of 
both animal and plant life. Special stress is laid on the cell 
structure, thus laying a foundation for further investigation. 
The theories of growth, development, fertilization, and repro- 
duction are given and illustrated by examples from life. The 
course begins with the forms of life, as the amoeba and yeast 
plant, and the successive steps to the higher organisms are 
noted. Microscopic demonstrations accompany the lectures. 

Lectures. — Three hours a week, entire year. 
Required for A.B. and B.S. Credit, 3 points. 

Course II. — Physiology. — An elementary knowledge of 
general physiology is expected of those who take this course. 
The vital processes, respiration, circulative and digestive, are 
studied in detail. These processes are explained as far as pos- 
sible by physical and chemical laws. Emphasis is given to 
the function and the structure of the important organs of the 
body. The nervous system and hygienic laws receive the 
attention their importance demands. The compound micro- 
scope is used to good advantage in many parts of this course. 

Lectures. — Two hours a week, entire year. 

Required for B.S., elective for A.B. Credit, 2 points. 

Te.Yt. — Huxley. (Translation by Lee.) 

Course III. — Geology. — A course in general geology for 
the purpose of giving the student a knowledge of the history 
of the formation of the earth. The destructive and the con- 
structive agencies now at work are used to explain the changes 
in the surface of the earth in the past as well as the present. 
The course includes Dynamic, Structural, and Historical 
Geology. The different eras and periods are studied as to 
their formation and structure, and the evidences of life as 
recorded by fossils. Frequent excursions to points of interest 
are taken by the class, in charge of the teacher. The easy 

HOWARD college;. 39 

access to coal and iron mines gives good opportunity for geo- 
logical study in the Birmingham district. 

Lectures. — Two hours a week, entire year. 
Elective for B.S. and A.B. Credit, 2 points. 
Text. — Scott. 


The College Museum contains a variety of minerals, 
typical fossils, and alcoholic specimens of animals. The min- 
erals and fossils are of untold value in teaching geology. The 
collection is sufficient to give a specimen of the more important 
geological phenomena, besides containing specimens of rocks in 
the United States and some from foreign countries. The min- 
eral collection is also of use in showing the occurrence of 
metals in the course in inorganic chemistry. 

The alcoholic specimens of animal life are well selected 
for illustrating the principles taught in the course in Biology. 
The friends and alumni of the College are earnestly solicited 
to help in making additions from time to time. 

VIII — School of Mental and Moral Sciences and the Bible 

Professor Hendricks. 

This department embraces regular text-book and lecture 
courses covering the Junior and Senior years. It aims to give 
the student a scientific knowledge of the powers and faculties 
of his mind ; to aid him in clear, logical thinking ; to show him 
the nature of the process of thought ; to acquaint him with the 
theory of human character and conduct. 

Course I. — Two hours a zceek, first term. This course 
endeavors to give a scientific knowledge of mind, its elemental 
processes, the combination of these processes into ideas, and 
the significance of ideas and complexes of ideas in mental 

Text. — Outlines of Psychology, Titchener. 


Course; II. — Two hours a week, second term. In this 
course the function of mind is studied. The process of thought 
in both its deductive and inductive aspects is considered, and 
its laws and organic nature are emphasized. 

Text. — An Introductory Logic, Creighton. 


Professor Hendricks. 
Three courses are offered the students in this department : 

I. Old Testament History. — Two hours a tveek, eight 
months. The aim of this work is to familiarize the student 
with the general character and contents of the Old Bible. To 
do this the historical setting and bearing of each book are 
emphasized, while we keep in mind the progressive dealings of 
God with his people: (i) With the race in general, (2) with 
his chosen family, and (3) with his people as a nation. In this 
development the great periods receive notice ; and the leaders 
in each period are studied closely, with suitable emphasis upon 
the great doctrines suggested by their teachings and lives. The 
prophecies are studied in the light of their historical settings. 
This course is given in alternate years. 

II. Studies in the Gospels. — One hour a week through 
the year. In this course the Life of Christ is studied closely 
and minutely, with special attention to his parables and mir- 
acles. Lectures on many of the great questions that interest 
students are given. 

Texts. — To be selected. 

III. Life and Epistles of Paul. — Two hours a tveek for 
the year. The development of the Church as set forth in 
Acts ; the change of the center of operation from Jerusalem to 
Antioch ; the leadership of Paul — these are all carefully noted. 
The epistles are analyzed, and studied in their historical set- 
tings. Then many of the great doctrines of the New Testament 
are studied more exhaustively, such as Sin, Regeneration, The 


Atonement, Justification, Missions, Adoption, Death, Interme- 
diate State, Second Coming of Christ, Resurrection, Judgment, 
Heaven and Hell. This course alternates with Course I. 

IX — School of History and Economics 

Course I. — Greek and Roman History. — This is a thor- 
ough course in the history of two of the greatest peoples of 
antiquity — their political institutions, their religion, their liter- 
ature, and their private life — together with side lights thrown 
on surrounding, contemporaneous nations. Class drill in text- 
book interspersed with lectures and topical work. 

Text-Books. — To be selected. 

Course H. — Mediceval and Modern History. — A general 
course in all the European nations, from the downfall of the 
Roman Empire in the West to the present time. Occasional 
lectures, topical work, and class drill. Junior course, two hours 
per week. 

Text-Books. — To be selected. 

Course; HI. — American History. — In this course the con- 
stitutional, political, and industrial development of the United 
States are studied with care and greater fullness. Senior 
course, tzvo hours per zveek. 

Course IV. — Economics. — ( i ) Political Economy. — 
Three hours a week, first term. This course presents to the 
student the theory of wealth and the laws that govern man in 
his efforts to attain it. 

Text-Books. — To be selected. 

(2) Sociology. — Three hours per zveek, second term. 
Lectures and text-books. 



During the current year several prominent clergymen 
have delivered lectures before the ministerial students. In 
these lectures topics have been discussed which have direct 
bearing not only upon student life, but also upon preaching 
and pastoral service. 


During the Winter term of 1908-9 the President of the 
College will deliver a course of lectures on Roman Literature 
and on Current Topics. Some of these lectures will be open 
to the entire student-body. 


Dr. C. C. Jones, Lecturer. 

At intervals during the academic year Dr. Jones, the Col- 
lege physician, gives the student-body lectures upon certain 
matters pertaining to health and care of the body. These lec- 
tures are valuable, showing the student the dangers of care- 
lessness in respect to exercise, study, eating, and the general 
observance of rules that should govern his physical life. 


A series of lectures, given on the first and third Tuesday 
in each month by members of the Faculty, is of great interest 
and profit to the students, all of whom attend this course. It 
is the intention of the Faculty to make this course of lectures 
a leading feature in college life. The course will be sup- 
plemented by addresses from prominent men outside of the 



Mr. Var daman. 
Mr. Stakely. 

This department is designed to prepare young men for 
admission into the College classes. The students are under 
the same regulations and enjoy the same advantages as those 
in the College. The method of instruction and the course of 
study conform and lead directly to the College curriculum, 
thus making the department a natural and easy door to the 
College. Students bearing certificates of proficiency from this 
department are received into the College classes without further 
examination. Any student deficient in any schools of the Col- 
lege course is allowed to finish these subjects in the Academic 
Department, and at the same time, if desirable, to pursue other 
studies in the College. 

Each student is required to take four subjects with Read- 
ing, Spelling, and Penmanship in addition to his English, and 
to recite five times a week in each. Many of the subjects are 
continued through the two years, so that ample time may be 
had to give the young men, who come to us poorly prepared, 
thorough preparation for their College course. Students with 
some ability and previous training, however, often do the work 
in one year. Before entering any of the higher classes in this 
department, the student must stand a satisfactory examination, 
or furnish some other evidences of preparation satisfactory 
to the teacher. 





First Year — First Term. 

English — Allen's School Grammar. 
Algebra — Milne's Elements. 
Arithmetic — Milne's Standard. 
Latin — Collar and Daniell. 

Second Term. 

English — Allen's School Grammar. 
Algebra — Milne's Elements. 
Arithmetic — Milne's Standard. 
Latin — Brittain's Introduction to 

Second Year — First Term. 

English — Advanced. 

Algebra — Milne's High School. 

Arithmetic — Milne's Standard. 

Latin — Caesar. 

Greek — White's First Greek Book. 

Second Term. 
English — Advanced. 
Algebra — Milne's High School. 
Arithmetic — Milne's Standard. 
Latin — Cicero's Orations. 
Greek — White's First Greek Book. 

First Year — First Term. 

English — Allen's School Grammar. 
Algebra — Milne's Elements. 
Arithmetic — Milne's Standard. 
Geography — Maury's Manual and 
Maury's Physical. 

Second Term. 

English — Allen's School Grammar. 
Algebra — Milne's Elements. 
Arithmetic — Milne's Standard. 
Physiology — Blaisdell's Elements. 

Second Year — First Term. 

English — Advanced. 
Algebra — Milne's High School. 
Arithmetic — Milne's Standard. 
History — Cooper's Our Country. 

Second Term. 
English — Advanced. 
Algebra— Milne's High School. 
Arithmetic — Milne's Standard. 
History — Cheney's Short History 
of England. 


The course in supplementary reading is done privately by 
all students of the Academy. Examinations on subject-matter 
and composition are held at the end of each six weeks. The 
books required for the first term of the session of 1908-9 are 
as follows: (i) Last of the Mohicans, (2) Courtship of Miles 
Standish, (3) Hawthorne's Wonder Book, (4) Sketch Book, 
(5) Poe's Stories and Poems, (6) Treasure Island. Second 
term: (i) Gulliver's Travels, (2) Ivanhoe, (3) Last Days of 
Pompeii, (4) David Copperfield's Childhood, (5) Lamb's Tales 
from Shakespeare, (6) Tennyson's Princess, (7) Btmyan's 
Pilgrim's Progress, (8) The Flight of a Tartar Tribe. 




Latin . 


French . 

German . 





Group A. 


Course i 5 

Course 2 4 

f Course i 5 

1 Course 2 4 

Course i 5 

Course 2 4 

Course i 5 

Course 2 4 

Total 36 points 

Group B. 


r Course i 5 

J Course 2 3 

I Course 3 3 

(^Course 4 2 

( Course i 2 

^ Course 2 4 (2 — 2) 

f Course 1 3 

. ^ Course 2 4 (2 — 2) 

Course 3 3 (i- 

Course i 3 

Course 2 2 


Astronomy 2 

Total ; 36 points 



Group C. 


^ Course i 4 

English Language and J Course 2 5 

Literature j Course 3 3 

(^ Course 4 3 

( Course i 3 

History < Course 2 2 

( Course 3 2 

( Course i 2 

) Course 2 2 

r Course I I 

< Course 2 2 

( Course 3 2 



For A.B. Degree. 



_ „ o • ^ One Ancient Language 

From Group A, 18 points. | q^^^ ^^^^^^^^ Language 

1^ Mathematics i and 2. 

^ _ -rv ^ • J Physics I 

From Group B, 16 points, <^ Chemistry i 

(^Biology I 

['English I, 2, and 3. .. 

_ - ^ . ) History I and 2 

From Group C, 20 points^ p^ji^^^phy i 

(^ Bible I 

Total required, 54 points. 
Electives 16 points. 

Total 70 points. 







For B.S. Degree.* 


From Group A, 9 points, one Modern Language 9 

C Mathematics i, 2, and 3 11 

I Physics I and 2 6 

From Group B, 29 points, <^ Chemistry i and 2 7 

Biology I and 2 5 

^ Astronomy 2 

( English I, 2, and 3 12 

From Group C, 18 points, ) History i and 2 5 

( Bible I I 

Total required, 56 points. 
Electives 14 points. 

Total 70 points. 

Note. — Out of total number of points offered, 70 points are required 
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In every class the student is questioned on the lesson of 
the day and graded according to his knowledge of the subject. 
A record of daily marks is kept by the professor. At the end 
of each six weeks an average of these marks is calculated and 
recorded. From this record the student's class standing is 

To the parent or guardian is sent periodically a transcript 
of this record of class standing, together with such other 
information as may be deemed important. By the prompt 
and judicious attention of those to whom they are addressed, 
these reports may be made of great value in promoting im- 
provement and in sustaining good discipline. 


In addition to the daily questioning, written examinations, 
embracing the subjects treated in a given time, are held near 
the close of each term, and at such other times during the 
session as may be necessary. These examinations are given 
to test the student's knowledge of the subjects studied, and 
determine whether he is prepared to pass to a higher class or 
to graduate. In order to pass, students in all classes must make 
70 per cent, of the maximum. In the final average the exami- 
nation average counts two-fifths; the daily average three-fifths. 

Students must not absent themselves from their examina- 
tions. No student whose standing in any one class is lower 
than 75 is allowed to play on any regular athletic team. 

HOWARD C0I<I<E;G^. 5 1 


The College offers the following medals : 

I. IN the: cadet corps. 

1. Captain's Medai,. 

2. Gold Medal for proficiency in manual of arms. 


1. Gold Medal for the best declamation in the Sopho- 
more class. 

2. Gold Medal for the best oration in the Junior class. 

The orations are required to be original compositions. 

The above medals were awarded in 1907 to the following 
students : 

Captain's Medal — C. E. Crossland, Jefferson County. 
Manual of Arms — C. T. Bobo, Jackson County. 
Junior Medal — B. L. Martin, Mississippi. 
Sophomore Medal — J. C. Hutto, Limestone County. 


I. A student who makes an average in any school of 90 
per cent, for the session is recorded as distinguished in that 
school. Those who are thus distinguished in all their studies 
are known as distinguished undergraduates. 


By the kindness of Hon. William Jennings Bryan, of 
Nebraska, a sum of money was recently given the College for 
the purpose of aiding, each session, some worthy student. 

An examination will be held in April of each year to de- 
termine who shall hold this scholarship during the following 

52 HOWARD colli;ge;. 

It is suggested that thus friends of education may widen 
the field of opportunity for many worthy boys, and we urge 
men and women of means to emulate Mr. Bryan in his excellent 

2. Honors are awarded to the graduating class as 
follows : 

(a) The graduate who has made during his college 
course an average of 90 per cent., and not less than 80 per 
cent, in any one department, is awarded the honor of graduate 


(b) The graduate who has made during his college 
course an average of 95 per cent., and not less than 85 per 
cent, in any one department, is awarded the honor of graduate 

WITH HIGHE;ST distinction. 


The Faculty each year appoints a member of the Senior 
class to participate in the Intercollegiate Oratorical Contest. 
The selection is made upon the merits of the student as an 
orator and writer. 


The degrees of Bachelor oe Arts and Bachelor oe 
Science are conferred upon students who complete the courses 
prescribed for these degrees. For the specific requirements see 
"Courses of Study," page 45, and following. 


1. No one is allowed to contest for a medal with a speech 
which he has before delivered in public at the College. 

2. No student is admitted to a degree or permitted to take 
part in the Commencement exercises unless he has creditably 
passed all his examinations, performed such exercises as may 
have been assigned him, and settled all College dues. 




Ready transportation between the city and the College is 
afforded by an electric line, on which cars run each way at 
intervals of twelve minutes. The distance is six miles and the 
fare five cents. Regular day students get a half rate. 

The authorities of the College are largely aided in the 
administration of moral discipline by the favorable surround- 
ings of the institution. 

Religious worship is regidarly held every Sabbath in the 
Baptist, Presbyterian, and Methodist Churches, which are 
located within a few hundred yards of the College buildings. 
By special statute the sale of ardent spirits is prohibited within 
a radius of three miles. 


By reason of the proximity of Howard College to a large 
city, it enjoys many advantages without experiencing the dis- 
advantages of city life. 

The life and energy characteristic of this region are apt to 
awaken a corresponding spirit in the young men who attend 
this institution of learning. This, taken in connection with the 
public lectures and libraries of a large city, is not without vast 
benefit to the young men seeking development, while the firm 
but kind discipline serves to restrain students from any evil 
influences of the city. Birmingham citizens have remarked 
upon the fact that no Howard student is ever seen in a 


The professors devote all their time to the students, giving 
instruction in the class room during the day and visiting dor- 
mitories night and day. Parents committing their sons fully 


to the care of the College officers may be assured that pltys- 
ical comfort, moral influences, and intellectual training will be 

To avoid distracting influences, to command full attention, 
and to facilitate study, young men are required to board and 
lodge at the College, unless their relatives live in town. 


Devotional exercises are held every morning in the Chapel, 
and the Faculty and students attend. 

Students are required to attend the churches of their 
choice every Sunday morning ; they are also required to attend 
Sunday-school, provided there is one belonging to the church 
of their choice accessible. They may be entirely relieved of 
the duty of attendance upon Sunday-school by presenting to 
the President a written request to that effect from their parents 
or guardians. In no instance is a student forced to attend any 
Sunday-school other than the one of his own or his parents' 


Special attention will be given to boys under the ordinary 
age of college students. These will, as far as possible, be 
placed in the rooms of students of settled habits and good 
moral character. Ministerial students can often be induced to 
assume this responsible charge. 


When ill, students have the personal attention of the Fac- 
ulty and College physician. Parents and guardians are 
promptly notified of the sickness of students, and advised from 
time to time of their condition. 


The buildings are one main college building, a Library 
and Recitation building, and five dormitories. 

The main building is three stories high, and embraces 
lecture rooms, offices, laboratories, society halls, and chapel. 

HOWARD coIvI.e;ge;. 55 

Ren f roe Hall, the new dormitory, is a large and handsome 
building, which accommodates nearly one himdred students. 


The ladies of the Howard College Cooperative Association 
are equipping and furnishing a large and beautiful room in 
Montague Hall as the Library of the College, and are begin- 
ning the purchase of valuable books. The institution owes a 
debt of gratitude to these consecrated women, and the man- 
agement commends their efforts to every friend of Christian 

Those interested in the Library are requested to address 
the Secretary of the Association, Mrs. A. P. Montague, East 
Lake Station, Birmingham, Alabama. 

Rev. Frank Willis Barnett, editor of The Alabama Baptist, 
generously gives for the use of the students a large number of 
popular magazines, and Rev. Dr. W. B. Crumpton has kindly 
presented many valuable books. Other friends have made 
donations, which have been gratefully received. 


Professors and teachers are occupied as many hours as 
are necessary to examine thoroughly each day all the members 
of each class, and thus allow no neglect of any study. 

The classes are divided into sections, so that each student 
may receive special attention. The members of sections are 
arranged according to merit in each branch, and the students 
are kept constantly stimulated to attain and preserve good 

The progress of each class and the relative merit of the 
members are recorded. At the end of six weeks the results are 
reported to the President and afterward posted on the bulletin 
board for encouragement or warning. 


The government is administered by the President and pro- 
fessors in accordance with the regulations adopted by the Board 

56 HOWARD COl^h^Gt,. 


of Trustees. The rules inculcate manly virtues, preserve order, 
require sobriety and morality, protect and encourage good 
students, and do not allow the persistently idle and immoral to 
remain where they can injure others. 

The personal influence of the President and Faculty is 
exercised to encourage the young men in the discharge of their 
duties, and the cooperation of parents is solicited, as the svic- 
cess of college government depends greatly upon the support 
which is given from home to the administration of discipline. 

Daily reports of conduct and semi-monthly reports of 
studies are made to the President. From these six-weeks' 
reports are made to parents and guardians. The reports to 
parents show the absolute and relative standing in each class, 
and other facts that may be thought of interest. 


For the purpose of physical education — erect, graceful 
and manly carriage of the body, a vigorous and healthy con- 
stitution ; for cultivating politeness, moral courage, respect for 
self, deference to others, frankness, perseverance, industry, 
and self-reliance, and for giving the mind power of close and 
continued attention, all students over fifteen years of age are 
required to join the Cadet Corps, which is drilled not more 
than one hour a day, and at such times as not to interfere with 
their studies. 

No student is excused from this duty, unless it be by the 
President and Commandant for special reasons. 


If new students will inform the President when they 
expect to arrive in Birmingham, they will be met at the depot 
by some student or member of the Faculty. 

A committee from the student-body meets all incoming 
trains bringing students. 

Baggage of students will be transferred from Birmingham 
to East Lake on the presentation of the check and transfer fee 
to the Quartermaster at the College. 


Rooms will be assigned before the opening of the session. 
Those intending to enter College are urged to make application 
for rooms at least one month before the day of opening. 


Any high school or academy in the State, whose course of 
study and methods of teaching are approved by the President 
and Faculty of Howard College, will, upon application, be 
declared an Auxiliary or Accredited School. Students present- 
ing certificates from such institutions will be admitted to the 
College without examination. 

The following have been declared Auxiliary or Accredited 
Schools : 

Birmingham High School. Birmingham, Ala. ; Dr. J. H. 
Phillips, Superintendent. 

East Lake High School, East Lake, Ala. ; Spright Dowell, 

LaFayette College, LaFayette, Ala. ; J. P. Neff, President. 

Gadsden High School, Gadsden, Ala. ; W. E. Striplin, 

University Military School, Mobile, x\la. ; Julius T. Wright, 

Baptist Collegiate Institute, Newton, x\la. ; A. W. Tate, 

Union Springs High School, Union Springs, Ala. ; W. R. 
Harrison, Superintendent. 

Opelika High School, Opelika, Ala. ; I. W. Hill. Super- 

First District Agricultural and Industrial School, Jackson, 
Ala. ; W. Franklin Monk, President. 

Southern Baptist Institute, Scottsboro, Ala. ; W. L. Yar- 
brough. President. 

West Alabama Agricultural School, Hamilton, Ala. ; H. O. 
Sargent, President. 


The Barnes School, Montgomery, Ala. ; E. R. Barnes, 

Eighth District Agricultural School, Athens, Ala. ; Henry 
J. Fusch, President. 

Decatur High School, Decatur, Ala. ; J. M. Collier, Super- 

Demopolis High School, Demopolis, Ala. ; W. C. Blasin- 
game. Superintendent. 

Tuskaloosa Graded Schools ; James H. Foster, Superin- 

Talladega Public Schools ; D. A. McNeill, Superintendent. 

Seventh District School, Albertville; J. B. Hobdy, Pres- 

New Decatur Public Schools; A. F. Harman, Superin- 

Bessemer Public Schools ; J. M. Dill, Superintendent. 

Tuskegee Public School ; W. B. Riley, Superintendent. 

South Alabama Institute, Thomasville; E. S. Pugh, Super- 

Carrollton Academy ; James N. Bragg, Principal. 

Eivingtson Training School ; R. B. Callaway, Principal. 

Brewton Public Schools ; W. C. Griggs, Superintendent. 

Mobile Military Institute; F. R. Peterson, Principal. 




There are, in connection with the College and in successful 
operation, two literary societies : the Philomathic and the 
Franklin. They are provided with handsome halls, where they 
meet every Saturday evening for declamation, debate, and other 
things pertaining to the interest of the societies. Besides these 
weekly meetings, each society holds during the season three 
public meetings : two for debate and one for declamation. 
The latter is arranged as a part of the Commencement exer- 
cises, and each society gives a medal for the best declamation. 
The medalists for 1906-07 were as follows : 


J. C. HuTTo Limestone County 


J. H. Wright Calhoun County 

The two societies unite in publishing the Howard Coi.- 
LEGiAN, a monthly magazine of about fifty pages, which is 
earnestly commended to the support of the alumni and other 
friends of the College. 

These literary societies are regarded as valuable aids to 
the student in forming a literary taste, in affording oppor- 
tunities for practice in debate, and in obtaining a knowledge 
of parliamentary rules. All students in the College are re- 
quired to join and attend one of the societies. The initiation 
fee, payable but once, in each society is one dollar, and the 
annual dues are the same. 


The ministerial students meet Tuesday evenings for the 
purpose of studying and analyzing Scripture texts, and for the 

6o HOWARD colle;ge. 

discussion of matters of interest and profit to themselves. A 
series of lectures by leading ministers and Christian workers 
is given, and is of great benefit to the class. 

By the cooperation of the Executive Committee of the 
Birmingham Baptist Association, young ministers are given 
work in the destitute places of the Association. Besides this, 
the care of churches in the suburbs of Birmingham and at 
adjacent points is offered. 


In connection with the Sunday-school of Ruhama Church, 
East Lake, two large classes of college students meet every 
Sunday morning in Montague Hall. 

After the lesson has been finished, the students repair to 
the church, and there participate in the concluding exercises of 
the Sunday-school. 

The presidents of these classes are J. T. Williams and 
F. W. Rauschenberg, and the instructors have been Prof. A. J. 
Moon and Prof. A. H. Olive. 


The management of the College, desirous of encouraging 
wholesome athletics and of giving to the students proper rec- 
reation, has had the ground south of the main college building 
graded and prepared for games of ball. 

Alumni and other friends, who realize the value of phys- 
ical exercise and the necessity of bright and happy surround- 
ings, are urged to make immediate gifts to the athletic fund of 
the College. It is our purpose to make the lives of our boys 
not only useful, but bright and cheerful. 


A contest is held annually in which most of the colleges 
of Alabama take part, known as the Alabama Oratorical Con- 
test. The winner in the last contest was Jesse A. Cook, of 
the Senior class of Howard College. The same gentleman won 
later in the year the medal in the Southern Oratorical Contest. 

HOWARD college;. 6 1 

. In making preparation for this contest, the Faculty have 
decided : 

1. That the final hearing for choice of representative in 
the Alabama Oratorical Contest shall be in the chapel annually, 
on the Friday before Thanksgiving. 

2. That into this competitive hearing shall enter at least 
three students from each of the two literary societies. 

3. That the societies choose their representatives three 
weeks before the date set for the hearing. 

4. That the College give $25 in gold to the winner in 
the contest held on the Friday before Thanksgiving. 




The next session begins on Wednesday, the 9th of Sep- 
tember, and continues nine scholastic months, the annual Com- 
mencement occurring on the last Wednesday in May. The 
session is divided into two terms, the second term beginning 
February ist, 1909. The exercises are suspended for about 
ten days at Christmas. 

Students are urged to be present at the opening of the 
session and to return promptly after the holidays. The delay 
or loss of even a few days is often a great hindrance to the 
future progress of the student. Patrons are particularly re- 
quested to cooperate with the Faculty to the end that all stu- 
dents shall remain in College before the Christmas recess and 
the close of the session until all exercises have been concluded. 


Every applicant for admission, arriving in the city, is 
required to report promptly at the College for registration. To 
be admitted he must be of good moral character ; and, if he 
has been a student of another institution, he must present satis- 
factory evidence of good moral conduct while there; and he 
must undergo such examination as will satisfy the Faculty 
that his character and attainments will justify his admission. 
Then, after arranging with the Treasurer for his expenses for 
.the term, he is required to matriculate at once. 


The student is examined and classified according to his 
advancement in each of the several subjects he may wish to 


study. (See, however, "Auxiliary or Accredited Schools," 
P^ge 57.) Great care is exercised that no one may enter higher 
than his previous training and present attainments will justify. 


A student is allowed to select the course of study that will 
best qualify him for his life's vocation. The Faculty, believing 
in the necessity and utility of a broad and liberal education, 
will always encourage a complete course. To this end, the right 
is reserved to prescribe the studies of students in any case 
where, in the wisdom of the Faculty, it seems necessary. The 
student is expected to adhere throughout the session to the 
course selected. 

Every one is required to have at least fifteen recitations 
a week. Eighteen to twenty recitations a week are regarded, 
in the experience of the Faculty, as sufficient for the average 
student, and even for the student of greatest capacity. To 
undertake more than these means a class of work unsatisfac- 
tory to the professor and the student, and the result may be 
failure. Hence, no student is allowed to carry more than 
twenty recitations a week, unless it be by consent of the Fac- 
ulty for special reasons. 


All expenses are payable strictly in advance at the begin- 
ning of each term. 

When a student leaves College before the close of the 
term, board is refunded, but no fees; and tuition will be re- 
funded only when resignation from College is caused by ill 
health, certificate of which must be presented from the College 

No reduction in board or tuition is allozved for absence 
of less than four zueeks. 

Remittances should be made to the Treasurer by registered 
letter, money order, or New York exchange. 

The expenses in detail are as follows : 

Tuition. — Tuition in all departments is $30.00 a term. 


Board. — Board is $60.00 per term for all students. Stu- 
dents lodge in the dormitories and take their meals in the Col- 
lege dining hall. Great care is exercised in the selection and 
preparation of the food. The dining hall is in charge of a 
competent and worthy matron. The dining hall closes Decem- 
ber 2ist and opens December 31st for students returning for 
the new year. 

Room, fuel and lights, $10.00 a term. ' The rooms of 
students are furnished with the most approved styles of iron 
bedsteads, provided with wire-woven springs. Tables, chairs, 
mattresses and other articles of necessity are provided by the 
College. Every student, however, is required to bring a pair 
of blankets or comforts, sheets and pillow-cases. When he 
retires from the College he may remove them as a portion of 
his baggage. 

Incidental Fee. — An incidental fee of $5.00 per term is 
charged every student. No exceptions are made. This fee is 
required for fuel, repairs, and the incidental expenses of the 

Medical Fee. — Observation has taught us that every stu- 
dent needs some medical attention during the session, while 
some need a great deal. In order to economize in the matter 
of medical fees, a College physician has been elected by the 
Board of Trustees. He makes daily visits to the College dor- 
mitories, and renders any medical service the students may 
need during the entire session. For this service each student is 
required to deposit with the Treasurer a fee of $2.50 at the 
beginning of each term. 

Diploma Fee. — A fee of $5.00 is charged for every 

Laboratory Fees. — Students in the Chemistry classes are 
required to pay a fee of $5.00 for chemicals used in the labo- 
ratory. Students in Physics pay $2.50 per year for the use of 

Cost oe Uniforms. — Arrangements have been made by 
the Faculty with a responsible firm, whereby cadets can secure 
uniforms, made of the best material. West Point regulation 
style, at a cost not exceeding $16.00 per suit. While all stu- 


dents in the Cadet Corps are required to purchase uniforms, 
yet they cost less than citizens' suits of the same quaHty, and 
are most durable. Therefore they diminish rather than 
increase the student's expenses at college. 

Incidentai, Expenses oe the Student. — In addition to 
the above-named expenses, the student will need a small 
amount of money for stationery, books, lights, laundry, etc. 
But the Faculty would impress upon parents and guardians 
that students need little money beyond what is advertised in 
the College catalogue; and parents are advised to limit the 
amount of pocket change allowed their sons. 

When requested to do so, the Treasurer will act as fiscal 
guardian of students, granting only such sums to them as may 
be needed. Nothing contributes more to the demoralization 
of the young man at college than a well-filled purse for 
private use. 

Not infrequently complaint is made because of the extrav- 
agance of a student at college, as if the institution were respon- 
sible for the amounts sent from time to time by parents or 
guardians. The actual college expenses are stated in the 
catalogue ; and if parents or guardians are lavish in their gifts 
of money to their sons or wards, they should not hold the 
college responsible. 


It will be seen from the above specifications that board, 
tuition, and required fees cost the student in the boarding 
department : 

Per term $107 50 

Per session 215 00 

Students not boarding in the College : 

Per term $35 00 

Per session 70 00 

A discount of 10 per cent, is given on all fees, board 
excepted, where two or more students come from the same 
family. This discount is allowed only on condition that all 
bills are paid in advance. 



The foregoing expenses are as low as it is possible to 
make them and yet insure efficient work and first-class accom- 
modations. To lower the expenses further would mean to 
lower the standard of work and the character of accommoda- 
tions. It is purposed, on the contrary, to raise these without 
increase of expense to the students. No one who understands 
the importance of the right kind of education would prefer 
cheapness to thoroughness. It is the purpose of the manage- 
ment to give full "value received" for every cent charged. 
Howard's mission is to make juen, not money — to protect its 
students from the ruinous habits of vice and dissipation, and 
to develop their mental, moral, and physical possibilities into 
strong, harmonious characters. 


Through the generous kindness of Rev. Allen Smith, Mr. 
and Mrs. D. H. Marbury, and other friends of Marbury, Ala- 
bama, a room in Montague Hall has been well and comfortably 
furnished as the headquarters of Missions in Howard College. 
There young men who will become missionaries meet, study, 
and plan for the great work of their lives. 


The sons of active ministers are given one-half of their 
tuition free. 


Young men studying for the Gospel Ministry, who come 
duly approved by their churches and indorsed by the Board of 
Ministerial Education, are admitted free of charge for tuition. 
They are charged for board and fees the same as other 

Ministerial students must, at matriculation, pay the dues 
required at entrance, or make satisfactory arrangements for the 
same with the Board of Ministerial Education. The Faculty 
will assume no risks on deferred payments. 

The Board of Ministerial Education will assist worthy 


young men from Baptist churches in Alabama in paying their 
expenses at College. 

They must conform to the folloiving regulations: 

1. MoRAiv. — In addition to being a member in good stand- 
ing of a Missionary Baptist Church, the beneficiary must bring 
the indorsement of his church, expressing their belief that he 
is called of God to preach the Gospel. 

2. Financial. — The object of the Board is to help only 
those who need help ; therefore it refuses to contribute any- 
thing to a student who has resources of his own. The Board 
very earnestly asks that the church and association giving 
indorsement of a brother signify at the same time their purpose 
to render him financial aid to the extent of his necessities or 
their ability. 

3. Education. — The Board requests all beneficiaries 
hereafter to be prepared for the Freshman class in at least two 
subjects before entering Howard College. 

Young men needing aid should write to one of the 


Rev. J. M. Shelburne, L.H.D., President East Lake, Alabama 

Rev. J. A. Hendricks, Secretary and Treasurer. .. .East Lake, Alabama 

Friends of the College will confer upon the institution a 
great favor, and will aid the cause of Christian education, if 
they will send the President, the Chairman of the Faculty, or 
the Secretary the names and addresses of young men who may 
be led to enter Howard College. The constant cooperation 
and sympathy of all interested in higher education are earnestly 

For catalogues and general information address the Presi- 
dent or the Secretary of the Faculty at East Lake Station, 
Birmingham, Alabama. 





Anderson, O. T A.B Geneva 

Banks, J. T B.S Tallapoosa 

Bell, W. T A.B Calhoun 

Bradley, L. C A.B Jefferson 

Caffey, H. W A.B Jefferson 

Cook, J. E A.B Choctaw 

Cooper, D. C, Jr B.S Calhoun 

Craddock, A. B B.S Tallapoosa 

Darden, W. A A.B 

Davis, J. H B.S Walker 

Dean, T. P A.B Jefferson 

Inzer, J. C A.B St. Clair 

Jacobs, E. P B. S Jackson 

Leftwich, L A.B Clay 

McCormick, S. D A.B Jefferson 

Prescott, J. A A.B Chilton 

Smith, W. W A.B Chambers 

West, T. M A.B Bullock 

Wood, W. O A.B Jefferson 



Abney, Joe 

Acker, J. R Talladega 

Allen, H Clay 

Allen, C. T Jefferson 

Altman, J. A Sumter 

Anderson, A. C Geneva 

Anderson, O. T Geneva 

Appleton, Jerome St. Clair 

Barlow, E. L Conecuh 

Bacon, H. H Jefferson 

Barnard, George Jefferson 

Barnes, E. S Mobile 

Barnes, F. M Dallas 

Banks, J. T Tallapoosa 

Bell, W. T Calhoun 

Belsher, T. L Jefferson 

Berman, S. M Covington 

Blount, Winton Bullock 

Bradley, L. C Jefferson 

Brasher, R. R Jefferson 

Brooks, B. F Monroe 

Brown, W. H Jefferson 

Burns, L. P Dallas 

Burns, W. W., Jr Dallas 

Buzbee, Hubert Walker 

Burson, C. G Jefferson 

Burson, J. D Jefferson 

Byrd, J. B Jefferson 

Caffey, H. W Jefferson 

Carson, W. H Jefferson 

Caldwell, E. L Talladega 

Carlisle, Raymond Bullock 

Chambers, J. M Greene 

Cloud, CM Jefferson 

Corr, M. S Jefferson 

Cosby, C. B Perry 


Cooper, D. C, Jr Calhoun 

Coffman, J. W Jefferson 

Cook, J. S Choctaw 

Cook, H. Iv Choctaw 

Cook, J. E., Jr Choctaw 

Cox, J. C Blount 

Crow, E. A Jefferson 

Crow, Duke Jefferson 

Craddock, A. B Tallapoosa 

Crenshaw, T. L Jefferson 

Cruise, D. C Jefferson 

Curtis, H. S Jefferson 

Davidson, W. A Jefferson 

Davis, J. A Jefferson 

Davis, J. H Walker 

Dean, T. P Jefferson 

Denney, R. M Jefferson 

Dobbs, O. C Jefferson 

Doherty, D. H Dallas 

Ellard, C. L Jefferson 

Ford, H. G Jefferson 

Ford, H. L Jefferson 

Frazier, A Blount 

Fuller, J. D Coffee 

Glover, Otis Jefferson 

Grant, Hugh Jefferson 

Grififin, C. H Cullman 

Granade, S. P Mobile 

Gravlee, B. H Fayette 

Gravlee, M. W Fayette 

Gwin, J. W Jefferson 

Hagood, H. H Conecuh 

Hester, E. R Jefferson 

Harris, S. H Jefferson 

Harris, L. F Jefferson 

Harris, Ira St. Clair 

Hardin, Sam Jefferson 

Hattemer, L. H Lowndes 

Hargrove, Earle Jefferson 

Haynes, D. M Jefferson 

Haynes, J. F Lauderdale 

Haynes, W. E Lauderdale 

Hicks, F. C Montgomery 

Hilliard, M. E Jefferson 

Hilliard, B. D Jefferson 

HOWARD college;. "Jl 

Hill, Walter Jefferson 

Holcomb, J. A Jefferson 

Howard, E. S Talladega 

Hudnall, J. R Jefferson 

Huff, C Jefferson 

Hudson, C. I Lee 

Hutchins, J. C Tuscaloosa 

Hutchins, N. D Tuscaloosa 

Hutto, J. C Limestone 

Inzer, L W St. Clair 

Inzer, J. C St. Clair 

Jackson, J. D Lawrence 

Jackson, P. S Monroe 

Jacobs, E. P. Jackson 

James. W. K. E •' Sumter 

Jenkins, C. R Bullock 

Jones, Sparks Jefferson 

Johnson, A. M Shelby 

Leftwich, L Clay 

Longshore, W. L Shelby 

Malone, W. S Jefferson 

Mason, Horace Jefferson 

Martin, E. S Jefferson 

Martin, B. L., Jr ' Mississippi 

Mims, W. M Chilton 

Miller, H. C Calhoun 

Moore, J. D Jefferson 

Montgomery, W. G Jefferson 

Morris, Malone Geneva 

Moon, D. H Texas 

Moon, T. S Texas 

Morrow, Sidney Jefferson 

Mullen, H. A Jefferson 

Murphree, E. H Franklin 

McAdory, E. D Dallas 

McCord, Howard Jefferson 

McCormick, S. D Jefferson 

McDonald, W. B Jefferson 

McDonald, S. E Jefferson 

McLendon, Mac Russell 

McMillan, Oscar Jefferson 

McVay, G. B., Jr Jefferson 

Nettles, M. E Monroe 

Newell, O Jefferson 

Oden. K. C : Jefferson 

72 HOWARD college;. 

Ogletree, W. D Talladega 

Olive, W. M Jefferson 

Oliver, E. I Tallapoosa 

Patterson, G. E Jefferson 

Partlow, R. C St. Clair 

Parsons, T. B Jefferson 

Pearson, Errett Walker 

Pearce, W. E Sumter 

Pitts, W. M Montgomery 

Pruett, S. T., Jr Bullock 

Prescott, J. A Chilton 

Proctor, Maurice Jefferson 

Rainer, F. W Bullock 

Rauschenberg, F. W Franklin 

Roberts, R. H Jefferson 

Russell, W. S Jefferson 

Robertson, W. H., Jr Barbour 

Rogers, C. T Houston 

Rose, W. H Fayette 

Royer, L. P Morgan 

Scott, J. B Mobile 

Sellars, B. A Geneva 

Seymore, W. R Dallas 

Shnrbet, J. W Jefferson 

Simpson, George Jefferson 

Smith, W. M Jefferson 

Smith, W. W Chambers 

Smith, R. J Georgia 

Smith, Frank Jefferson 

Smith, J. D Florida 

Smith, L. L Talladega 

Stedman, Arthur Jefferson 

Steele, CD Jefferson 

Street, Bryce Jefferson 

Stockton, J. M Morgan 

Stroud, J. L 

Svvindall, A. C Jefferson 

Taylor, Ance Jefferson 

Terry, J. C Fayette 

Thompson, E. D Jefferson 

Thomas, W. L Tallapoosa 

Thomason, I. R Jefferson 

Treadaway, W. M Jefferson 

Tumlin, W. E Blount 

Tyson, J. W Montgomery 


Vann, J. W Jefferson 

Vaughan, H. T Choctaw 

Vaughan, B. S Choctaw 

Vesey, J. W., Jr Jefferson 

Watt, W. H. Jr Butler 

Walker, T. W Jefferson 

Walker, B. H Jefferson 

Ward, J. S Geneva 

Ware, Grady Jefferson 

West, T. M Bullock 

Weaver, A Jefferson 

White, M Jefferson 

White, J. R Jefferson 

Willis, H. J Louisiana 

Wildsmith, H Jefferson 

Williams, J. T Chilton 

Wood, W. O Jefferson 

Wood, J. M Jefferson 

Wright, J. H Calhoun 

Yeargan, A. C Jefferson 

Young, Fred Jefferson 



Elmer P. Jacobs -» ^ , . 

A. C. Anderson j •' 


Colonel Albert Lee Smith Commandant, First Term 

Colonel William A. Berry .... Commandant, Second Term 


Captain John A. Prescott Military Adjutant 

Sergeant W. M. Blount Quartermaster Sergeant 

Color Guard. 

Sergeant J. B. Scott Sergeant 

Corporal D. M. Haynes Corporal 

Corporal W. M. Pitts Corporal 

Corporal S. M. Berm an Corporal 


Sergeant F. C. Hicks Sergeant 

Corporal E. L. Bari,ow Corporal 

Company A. 

Captain W. T. Bell Captain 

Lieutenant J. E. Cook Senior First Lieutenant 

Lieutenant J. C. Inzer Junior First Lieutenant 

Lieutenant W. H. Watt Senior Second Lieutenant 

Lieutenant L. Lfetsvich Junior Second Lieutenant 

Sergeant M. E. Nettles First Sergeant 

Sergeant T. L. Crenshaw Second Sergeant 

Sergeant W. D. OglETrEE Third Sergeant 

Sergeant D. H. Moon Fourth Sergeant 

Sergeant J. S. Ward Fifth Sergeant 


Corporal H. T. Vaughan First Corporal 

Corporal J. H. Wright Second Corporal 

Corporal B. H. Walker Third Corporal 

Corporal R. M. Denney Fourth Corporal 

Corporal B. F. Brooks Fifth Corporal 

Company B. 

Captain T. P. Dean Captain 

Lieutenant J. H. Davis Senior First Lieutenant 

Lieutenant W. W. Smith Junior First Lieutenant 

Lieutenant A. B. Craddock Senior Second Lieutenant 

Lieutenant D. C. CoopEr Junior Second Lieutenant 

Sergeant E. D. McAdory First Sergeant 

Sergeant J. T. Williams Second Sergeant 

Sergeant W. F. RauschEnberg Third Sergeant 

Sergeant C. T. Rogers Fourth Sergeant 

Sergeant W. R. SeymorE Fifth Sergeant 

Corporal C. R. Jenkins First Corporal 

Corporal J. W. Vann Second Corporal 

Corporal W. K. James Third Corporal 

Corporal H. L- Ford Fourth Corporal 

Corporal B. H. GravlEE Fifth Corporal 

Company C. 

Captain W. O. Wood Captain 

Lieutenant H. W. Caffey Senior First Lieutenant 

Lieutenant L. C. Bradley Junior First Lieutenant 

Lieutenant J. T. Banks Senior Second Lieutenant 

Lieutenant H. C. MillEr Junior Second Lieutenant 

Sergeant J. R. Hudnall First Sergeant 

Sergeant B. A. Sellars Second Sergeant 

Sergeant J. D. Jackson Third Sergeant 

Sergeant A. C. Anderson Fourth Sergeant 

Sergeant W. W. Burns, Jr Fifth Sergeant 

Corporal H. F. McCord First Corporal 

Corporal H. G. Grant Second Corporal 

Corporal J. D. MoorE Third Corporal 

Corporal M. W. Mims Fourth Corporal 

Corporal T. L. Belsher Fifth Corporal 




*J. T. Barron, A.M., M.D., Practitioner, Surgeon C. S. A Marion 

* T. Booth, Merchant Selma 

* W. S. Blassengame, A.M Texas 

* W. L. Moseley, Teacher Dallas County 

* H. W. Nave, Attorney Perry County 

* M. M. Weissinger, A.M., M.D Florida 

* S. A. Williams, A.M Montgomery 


F. Abbott, Jeweler Arkansas 

G. D. Johnston, General C. S. A., State Senator Tuskaloosa 

* L. A. Moseley Dallas County 

* R. A. F. Packer, A.M., M.D Wilcox County 

W. H. Smith, Professor Tennessee 


* J. J. Freeman Greene County 

* H. C. Hooten, A.M Georgia 

* J. F. Hooten Macon, Ga. 

* H. C. King, Lawyer, Colonel C. S. A Memphis, Tenn. 

* R- Jl Yarrington, A.M., Editor Montgomery 


* J. S. Abbot, Minister of the Gospel Texas 

* W. Wilkes, A.M., D,D., Minister of the Gospel Sylacauga 


G. W. Chase, Professor of Music Columbus, Ga. 

W. D. Lee, A.M., Lawyer, Planter and State Commissioner. .Greensboro 

* P. Lockett, A.M., Legislator, Judge Marion 

G. W. Lockhart, A.M., M.D Pontotoc, Miss. 

* R. A. Montague, A.M., Professor Howard College Marior 

J. H. Peebles Mississippi 

A. J. Seale, Minister of the Gospel Greene County 

* Deceased. 


T. C. Daniel, Lawyer Mississippi 

* T. S. Howard, Lawyer Macon County 

* Hugh S. Lide, Planter Sumter County 


* J. E. Bell, Minister of the Gospel Georgiana 

* W. E. Chambliss, A.M., Minister of the Gospel Mississippi 

* L. B, Lane, Jr., killed in C. S. Army Marengo County 

W. A. May, Planter Sumter County 

* W. Howard, A.M., D.D., Pastor Dallas, Texas 


J. C. Foster, Minister of the Gospel Mississippi 

*S. R. Freeman, D.D., President of Howard College.. .Jefferson, Texas 

Z. G. Henderson, Minister of the Gospel Georgia 

J. L. Hunter Mississippi 

G. C. Mattison ; , 

* W. Phelan, Lawyer, killed in C. S. Army Marion 


* C. C. Cleveland, Planter Dallas County 

A. S. Hinton, Planter Perry County 

T. M. Marbury, Planter Coosa County 

* Wm. N. Reeves, D.D., Minister of the Gospel Eufaula 

J. C. Wright, D.D., Minister of the Gospel Oxford 


W. L. Armstrong, Lawyer Florida 

D. M. Reeves, D.D., Minister of the Gospel Johnstown, N. Y. 

S. R. Shepard, Lawyer Bibb County 


B. B. McKenzie, A.B., Civil Engineer, Lumberman Dunham 

* M. D. Robinson, A.B., Farmer Benton 

* J. M. Turnbow, B.S., killed in C. S. Army Hamburg 


J. B. Hawthorne, A.M., D.D., Pastor Richmond, Va. 

A. W. Brassfield, A.B Forkland 

* S. C. Cook, Sr., A.B., Captain C. S. A., Lawyer Camden 

* J. P. Hubbard, A.B., Lawyer, Circuit Judge Troy 

R. J. Lide, A.B., Planter Carlowville 

J, A. Chambliss, A.M., D.D., Pastor Orange, N. J. 

* Deceased. 




A. J. Hollman, A.B., Druggist Carroll County, Miss. 

* W. G. Johnson, A.M., Lawyer, Captain C. S. A Marion 

J. B. Shivers, A.M., Lawyer, Captain C. S. A., Probate Judge. .Marion 

Wm. L. Fagan, A.M., Teacher, Captain C. S. A Marion 

R. S. Harkness, B.S., Planter Texas 

* J. H. George, B.S., M.D., Captain C. S. A Linden 

* N. S. McGraw, B.S., Major C. S. A., Lawyer Selma 


* J. F. Bums, A.M., Captain C. S. A., Planter, Legislator Burnsville 

* J. T. Caine, A.B., Planter Uniontown 

T. B. Cox, A.M., Captain C. S. A., Lawyer Macon, Ga. 

J. L. Dupree, A.M., Captain C. S. A., Planter Macon, Miss. 

J. W. Friend, A.B Greene County 

W. T. Hendon, A.M., Lawyer, Colonel C. S. A., Teacher, 

Planter Marion 

* A. P. Hinton, A.B., Captain C. S. A., Planter Texas 

* E. P. Kirkland, A.B., Minister of the Gospel Greene County 

* T. M. Lenoir, Captain C. S. A Cahaba 

R. A. Massey, A.M., Evangelist Hale County 

*J. M. McKleroy, A.M., Lawyer, State Superintendent of 

Public Instruction, Trustee Howard College Anniston 

* L. B. Robertson, A.B Oxford 

* P. A. Rutledge, A.B., Lieutenant, killed in C. S. Army Marion 

H. Snell, A.B., Teacher Houston, Texas 

* J. W. Taylor, A.B., Minister of the Gospel Pickensville 


J. G. Dupree, A.B., Planter, Teacher Jackson, Miss. 

J. M. Shivers, A.B., Planter Marion 

J. C. Williams, A.B., Farmer, Merchant Mobile 

* J. H. Pollard, A.B Uniontown 

J. A. Roberts, A.B Mobile 

O. H. Spencer, A.B., Aide-de-Camp C. S. A., Planter Sallie 

* B. M. Henry, A.B., Lieutenant C. S. A., Legislator Seale, A' 

G. W. Thigpen, A.M., Professor Keachi, La. 


* W. Hester, A.B., M.D Tuskaloosa 

H. Y. Weissinger, A.B., Teacher Birmingham 


* H. Harrell, A.B., Druggist Texas 

D. P. Goodhue, A.M., Merchant Gadsden 

* Deceased. 



C. G. Brown, A.M., Lawyer, Former Attorney-General 

of Alabama Birmingham 


G. I. Hendon, A.B., Insurance Agent Texas 

* T. S. Sumner, A.M., M.D New York City 

O. L. Shivers, B.S., M.D Marion 

H. C. Cooke, Druggist Kimball, Texas 

Lee Knox, A.B., Lawyer Texas 

* P. W. Vaiden, A.B., M.D Marion 

* J. H. Hendon, A.B., Minister of the Gospel Texas 


Charles M. Fouche, A.B., Secretary and General Manager 

Knoxville Foundry and Machine Company Knoxville, Tenn. 

T. D. Jones, A.B Texas 

* E. M. Vary, Lawyer, Probate Judge Florida 

T. J. White, A.B., M.D Uniontown 

Z. T. Weaver, Minister of the Gospel Barbour County 


J. M. Harrell, A.B., Lawyer Linden, Texas 

M. T. Sumner, A.B., Surveyor and Engineer Birmingham 


W. D. Fonville, A.M., Professor Mexico, Mo. 

A. P. Smith, A.B., M.D., Probate Judge Eutaw 

* W. W. Sanders, B.S., Minister of the Gospel Tuskaloosa 

* F. A. Bonner, B.S., Professor Choctaw County 

W. W. Bussey, B.S., Insurance Agent Birmingham 

A. J. Perry, B.S., Merchant Birmingham 

J. M. Dill, A.M., Superintendent of Schools Bessemer 


D. G. Lyon, A.B., Ph.D., Minister of the Gospel, Pro- 

fessor Semitic Languages, Harvard University Massachusetts 

J. S. Dill, A.B., D.D., Pastor Bowling Green, Ky. 

J. L. Bonner, A.B., Minister of the Gospel Choctaw County 

* Deceased. 



. _, T « Atlanta, Ga. 

J. A. Howard, A.B. MWst.r of the Gospel ^^^g,. 

W. T. Crenshaw, B.S., Lawyer ^^^^^ 

W. W. Burns, B.S., Merchant -- -^^^^^^^ 

W. E. Brown 


A T3 A/rn Montgomery 

W. M. Wilkerson, A.B., M.D .Washington, D. C. 

T H Clark, A.B., Lawyer *"" ^° ' 

J; K Tyson, A.B., LL.D., Judge of Supreme Court Montgomery 


T W Raymond, A.M., Minister of the Gospel, President 

^- '^Nonh'^MTssi'ssippi Presbyterian College. . .Holly Sp-^^^tm 

* W. W. Wilkerson, A.M., Judge of City Court ^^'"^^S 

T T Lee A B. (first honor), Farmer ■■■"V',^ r ^ 

r L Wkle; A.B. (second honor), Lawyer South Carohna 

C. L. Wmkier /Y.D. V Author Columbia, Tenn 

John Trotwood Moore, Jr., A.B., Author .^^^ 

J. W. Ponder, A.B., Merchant Rome, GaJ 

J. D. Gwaltney, A.B. • .Florida 

*B. F. Colly, Jr. ^S., n-^-' ^^"^^^ ;;.Vcalhoun County 

W. H. Cooper, B.S., Planter Springville 

* J. M. Herring, B.S., Planter ^ ^^^^^ 

H. P. Brown, L.B., Lawyer ^^^.^^ 

W. F. Hogue,L.B., Lawyer. .^.... ^ 1 

M. T. Sumner, Jr., L.B., Civil Engineer Boligee, a 


W Y Dill,A.B. (first honor), Druggist.... ... Birmingham™ 

P T Hale A.B., D.D. (second honor), Mmister of the , 

f. I. ndic, ^.xj., V ^ nf Kentucky Louisville, K>„ 

Gospel, Sec. Baptist Edu. Comm. of Kentucky. ^ ^eridial 

W. S. Lott, A.B Me'-chant ._ .^^_. .V.-.Bullock Count^ 

P. M. Johns, B^-, Merchant, Panter . . . Shreveport, La 

L. C. Allen, B.S., Lumber Dealer ^ ^^^^^\ 

J. W. Connells, B.S., Editor 


, ...Tuskaloos 
J. M. Foster, A.B Lawyer. . . . .^...^ • ^, 

B. H. Abrams, A.B., Insurance Agent ^^^.^.^^^ ^^.^^ 

C. F. Woods, A.B Lawyer. . • • gj^^j ^a^l 

J. T. Moncrief , B.S., Merchant Talladeg 

a W. Welch, B.S., Physician ^ 

* Deceased. 

HOWARD colle:ge;. 8 1 


H. F. Smith, A.B., Manager Pratt Gin Co Houston, Texas 

S. O. Hall, A.B., Minister of the Gospel Virginia 

H. Griggs, A.B., Principal Public School, Columbia Columbia 

* A. W. McGaha, A.B., D.D., Pastor Waco, Texas 

N. S. Walker, A.B., Planter Tallapoosa County 

J. M. McCord, B.S., Minister of the Gospel East Lake 

* C. W. Knight, B.S., M.D Snow Hill 

H. D. Lyman, B.S., People's Savings Bank and Trust Co. .Birmingham 
W. B. Reynolds, A.B., Merchant Montevallo 

J. R. Sampey, A.B., D.D., LL.D., Minister of the Gospel, 
Prof, of Hebrew and O. T. Interpretation, Southern 

Baptist Theological Seminary Louisville, Ky. 

R. D. Palmer, A.B., M.D Birmingham 

W. H. Lovelace, A.B., Merchant Marion 

T. C. King, A.B London, England 

P. C. Drew, A.M., Minister of the Gospel Florida 

W. J. AIsop, B.S., Merchant Montgomery 

B. F. Giles, A.M., Minister of the Gospel, President 

Alabama Central Female College Tuskaloosa 


J. G. Scarbrough, A.B., Lawyer Los Angeles, Cal. 

O. Haralson, A.B., Manufacturer Los Angeles, Cal. 

T. E. Lockhart, A.B., Druggist, Physician Marion 

W. M. Vary, A.B., Teacher Marengo County 

J. H. Foster, A.B., Superintendent Public Schools Tuskaloosa 

W. H. Smith, A.M., D.D., Assistant Secretary Foreign 

Mission Board Richmond, Va. 

W. B. Newman, A.M., Lawyer Franklin, Tenn. 

G. W. Macon, A.M., Ph.D. (first honor). Professor 

Mercer University Macon, Ga. 

J. M. Quarles, A.B., (second honor), C.E., M.D Healing Springs 

W. L. Sanford, A.B., Merchant Sherman, Texas 

C. W. Garrett, A.B., Farmer Hayneville 

J. W. Stewart, B.S., Minister of the Gospel, Financial 

Secretary Baptist Orphanage Evergreen 

J. M. Hudson, B.S Birmingham 


W. L. Sampey, A.B., Merchant Gadsden 

J. M. Webb, A.B., Proprietor Webb Book Co Birmingham 

* Deceased. 


L. E. Thomas, A.B., Lawyer, Insurance Commissioner. .Shreveport, La. 

*W. O. Johnson, A.B Marion 

H. R. Schramm, A.B., Minister of the Gospel Deatsville 

J. W. Hurt, B.S., Merchant Selma 

H. C. Sanders, B.S., Minister of the Gospel, Teacher Marion 


C. A. Thigpen, A.M., M.D Montgomery 

W. G. Brown, A.B. (first honor), Author New York City 

* W. M. Webb, A.B. ( second honor) Brundidge 

L. O. Dawson, A.B., D.D., Pastor Tuskaloosa 

J. W. McCollum, A.B., D.D., Minister of the Gospel 

Missionary to Japan 

D. C. Williams, A.B., Teacher Rosebud, Texas 

W. W. Ransom, A.B., M.D Birmingham 

W. L. Pruitt, A.B Midway 

* J. M. Mclver, A.B., Teacher Thomasville 

J. B. Adams, A.B Birmingham, Ala. 

J. Gamble, Jr., A.B., Lawyer Troy 

J. C. Lovelace, A.B Memphis, Tenn. 

J. H. Rainer, Jr., B.S., Banker Union Springs 

R. L. Goodwin, B.S Anniston 

F. G. CafTey, A.M., Lawyer • . . .New York 

E. W. Brock, A.M., Lawyer Rutler 

W. H. McKleroy, A.B. (first honor), Banker, Col. A. N. G. .Anniston 

* V. R. Peebles, A.B. (second honor) Vienna 

C. H. Florey, A.B., Teacher Myrtlewood 

W. H. Cafifey, A.B., Passenger Agt. So. Ry Atlanta, Ga. 

J. M. Thomas, A.B., Pastor Roanoke, Va. 

F. M. Thigpen, A.B., M.D Pensacola, Fla. 

J. M. Kailen, A.B., Pastor Mobile 

R. F. Smith, A.B., Banker Anniston 

H. J. Thagard, A.B., Merchant Greenville 

E. C. Jones, A.B., Lawyer Selma 

L. M. Bradley, A.B., Pastor Avondale 

J. H. Smart, B.S., M.D New York 

J. W. Hammer, B.S., Minister of the Gospel Camp Hill 


E. R. Rushton, A.M., Lawyer, Trustee Howard College. . .Montgomery 
W. W. Lavender, A.B. (first honor). Lawyer, County 

Solicitor Centreville 

* Deceased. 



T. M. Hurt, A.B. (second honor), Book-keeper Birmingham 

W. J. Bell, A.B., Surgeon Mt. Vernon Hospital, New York 

C. Hardy, A.B., Farmer Pine Apple 

J. H. Blanks, A.B., M.D Chicago 

J. M. Reeves, A.B., Dentist Eufaula 

C. G. Elliott, A.M., Pastor Meridian, Miss. 

* H. R. Dill, A.B. (first honor). Lawyer, Trustee Howard 

College Birmingham 

W. L. Chit wood, A.B. (second honor). Lawyer Tuscumbia 

G. J. Hubbard, A.B., Lawyer Troy 

S. L. Tyson, A.B., Merchant, Planter, and Banker Montgomery 

W. H. Owings, A.B., Dealer in Typewriters Birmingham 

J. A. McCreary, A.B., Insurance Agent Birmingham 


L. A. Smith, A.M., Superintendent Public School Georgia 

W. H. Payne, A.B. (first honor). Merchant Camp Hill 

S. J. Strock, A.B. (second honor). Teacher Vincent 

W. S. Herren, A.B., Business Dadeville 

T. S. Herren, A.B., Merchant Dadeville 

R. B. Caine, A.B., Farmer SaflFord 

M. E. Weaver, A.B., Pastor Texas 

H. H. Shell, A.B., Pastor Lake Charles, La. 

J. A. Thompson, A.B., Merchant Montgomery 

G. G. Spurlin, A.B., M.D Camden 

J. D. Heacock, B.S., M.D., County Physician Birmingham 

V. H. Caine, B.S., M.D Safford 


T. T. Huey, A.B., Lawyer Bessemer 

J. D. Abernathy, A.B. (first honor). Superintendent Schools Elba 

H. J. Willingham, A.B., A.M. (second honor), Member 

Alabama State School Board Montgomery 

A. G. Spinks, A.B., Pastor Anniston 

S. H. Newman, A.B., M.D Dadeville 

* J. R. Jarrell, A.B., A.M., Pastor Milltown 

W. D. Hubbard, A.B., Pastor Troy 

A. S. Smith, A.B., Pastor Alexander City 

R. E. Meade, B.S., CE Birmingham 

L. L. Vann, B.S Wetumpka 

J. E. Harris, B.S., CE Birmingham 

* Deceased. 


*R. W. Huey, B.S., Vice-President Alabama Guarantee, 

Loan and Trust Co., Lawyer Birmingham 

W. B. Fulton, B.S., Dentist Birmingham 

R. J. Jinks, B.S., Merchant Dadeville 


M. E. Coe, A.M Woodlavvn 

J. F. Savell, A.M., Pastor Rochester, N. Y. 

J. A. Hendricks, A.AL, Professor in Howard College East Lake 

* C. B. Lloyd, A.M Louisville, Ky. 

J. W. Willis (first honor). Pastor Rock Hill, S. C. 

Marcellus McCreaiy (second honor), M.D Evergreen 

Thomas W. Waldrop Birmingham 

J. E. Barnes, Pastor Sulligent 

J. F, Bledsoe, Teacher Deaf and Dumb Institute Massachusetts 

H. C. Hurley, Pastor Columbus, Ga. 

J. A. Sartain Arizona 

J. R. Martin, M.D Harpersville 

W. A. Hobson, A.B., D.D., Pastor Jacksonville, Fla. 

T. B. Nettles, Teacher Kempville 

J. R. Melton, Merchant Pine Apple 

J. T. Collins, Lawyer Birmingham 

E. G. Givhan, M.D Montevallo 

W. N. Spinks, Teacher Tallapoosa County 

R. B. Devine, Pastor, President Judson College McKinney, Ark. 


J. F. Thompson, A.M. (first honor), Lawyer, Solicitor, 

Circuit Centreville 

J. J. Hagood, A.M., Pastor Andalusia 

F. S. Andress, A.B., Lawyer Birmingham 

A. P. Bush, A.B., Merchant : . . . Mobile 

Paul Carson, A.B., Lawyer and Farmer Gadsden 

D. P. Coleman, A.B., Lisurance Birmingham 

J. B. Espy, A.B., Prof. Agricultural School, Abbeville Abbeville 

W. S. Eubank, A.B., Merchant Ensley 

H. L. Finklea, A.B Birmingham 

H. G. Fulton, A.B. (second honor). Drug Business Eutaw 

H. L. Hicks, A.B., Teacher Modena 

E. P. Hogan, A.B., A.M., Prof. Birmingham Medical 

College Birmingham 

R. B. Hogan, A.B., Clerk Postoffice Birmingham 

* Deceased. 


S. P. Lindsey, A.B., Pastor Bellville 

Claude Riley, A.B., Lawyer Elba 

W. B. Staton, B.S., Coal Operator Birmingham 

J. T. Brown, B.S., M.D Riverside 

D. J. Gantt, B.S., Clerk Treasury Department Washington 

G. A. Hogan, B.S., M.D Bessemer 

W. O. Lindsay, B.S Birmingham 

H. P. Moor, B.S., M.D Galveston, Texas 

M. P. Reynolds, B.S., Lumber Dealer Bessemer 


J. H. Ingram, A.M., Cashier of Bank Lineville 

W. W. Lee, A.M. (first honor). Pastor Montevallo 

W. L. R. Cahall, A.M., Pastor South Carolina 

W. H. Altman, A.B., Merchant Texas 

W. A. Brown, A.B., Merchant Los Angeles, Cal. 

T. F. Hendon, A.B., Pastor Athens, Tenn, 

W. R. Meadows, Prof, in Agr. and M. College Starkville, Miss. 

A. G. Moseley, A.B. (second honor), Pastor. Enterprise 

Mack Stamps, A.B., Pastor Tuskaloosa 

A. L. Beason, A.B., Mgr. Patent Right Tennessee 

J. F. Gable, A.B., Pastor Bessemer 

A. G. Lowery, A.B Meridian, Miss. 

R. G. Moore, A.B., Druggist Franklin, Ky. 

C. S. Reeves, A.B Eufaula 

M. S. Stephens, A.B., Pastor Punta Gorda, Fla, 

N. H. Carpenter, B.S., M.D ...Jasper 

E. Hinson, B.S., Lawyer, State Senator Hayneville 

G. L. Griffin, B.S Los Angeles, Cal. 

H. E. Watlington, B.S., Timekeeper L. & N. R. R East Lake 


C. B. Alverson, A.B., Bookkeeper Coal City 

S. J. Ansley, A.B., A.M. (first honor). Insurance Birmingham 

J. C. Bean, A.B., Teacher Magazine Point 

W. S. Britt, A.B., M.D Eufaula 

G. Herbert, A.B., Merchant Bessemer 

J. C. Hicks, A.B., Teacher Thorsby 

Jo Johnson, A.B Woodlawn 

W. P. McAdory, A.B. (second honor), M.D., Trustee 

Howard College, Prof. Birmingham Medical College. .Birmingham 

* E. A. Jones, A.B., M.D Birmingham 

H. N. Rosser, A.B., Pastor. Klamath Falls, Oregon 

D. M. Snead, A.B., Lawyer Andalusia 

R. C. Prather, A.B., M.D Girard 

R. M. Burton, B.S., Planter Minter 

* Deceased. 


B. F. Caldwell, B.S., Salesman Blocton 

A. B. Collins, B.S., M.D Kennedy 

J. W. Dossett, B.S., M.D Wilmer, Ala. 

* M. L. Scott, B.S., Lawyer Birmingham 

J. Strock, B.S, Teacher Clay 

W. W. Watts, B.S., Principal of School Pollard 

J. H. Barfield, Lawyer, Assistant County Solicitor Monroeville 

W. P. Molett, Lawyer Beaumont, Texas 

W. T. Berry, B.S., M.D Birmingham 

C. Cunningham, B.S., Clerk Postoffice Birmingham 

H. R. Donaldson, A.B., M.D Atlanta, Ga. 

* J. W. Eubank, A.B Birmingham 

E. L. Fuller, A.B., Physician Summerfield 

J. F. Finklea, B.S., with Minor & Co Summerfield 

A. A. Hutto, A.B., Pastor Athens 

J. W. Johnson, M.D., Medical Director Volunteer State 

Life Insurance Co., Tennessee Chattanooga 

Annie M. Judge New Orleans 

* H. E. Moss, A.B., Teacher Woodlawn 

F. Mynatt, A.B. (second honor), Principal Columbus, Ga. 

E. C. Parker, A.B., M.D Gulf Port, Miss. 

H. T. Parker, A.B., Merchant Hammac 

J. T. Payne, A.B. (first honor), Mail Service Meridian 

E. V. Smith, A.B., Lumberman Marbury 

J. C. Smith, A.B., Teacher Evansville, Ind. 

A. J. Thames, B.S., Pastor Macon, Miss. 

T. P. Vann, Teacher Huffman 

W. V. Vines, Merchant East Lake 

Wm. Waldrop, B.S., M.D Bessemer 

W. J. Waldrop, A.B., Clerk Probate Court East Lake 

J. F. Watson, A.B., Pastor Holdenville, L T. 

W. C. Williams, A.B., Supt. of Schools Hattiesburg, Miss. 


J. E. Barnard, A.B., Pastor ; Cartersville, Ga. 

H. T. Crumpton, A.B., Pastor Huntsboro 

J. J. Dawsey, A.B., Teacher 

P. A. Eubank, A.B Ensley 

A. J. Moon, A.B. (first honor). Prof. Howard College East Lake 

S. B. Parker, A.B. (second honor), Bookkeeper Brewton 

* W. A. Trawick, A.B., Lawyer Abbeville 

* Deceased. 


J. S. Wood, A.B., Pastor Farmersville 

C. T. Acker, B.S., M.D Gadsden 

P. C. Black, B.S., Probate Judge Geneva 

* W. A. Gorman, Merchant Vincent 

G. F. Lindsay, B.S., Manufacturer Birmingham 

J. W. Lindsay, B.S., Contractor Trussville 

W. J. Weldon, B.S., Merchant Wilsonville 

C. K. Yates, B.S., M.D Birmingham 

E. W. Daly, Medical Student Birmingham 

J. M. Gray, Chief Mine Inspector East Lake 

* C. H. Vines Vinesville 


S. H. Bennett, A.B., Pastor Selma 

J. R. Curry, A.B., Pastor Citrpnelle 

M. M. Eppes, A.B., Banker Goodwater 

R. L. Grififin, A.B., Druggist Goodwater 

W. C. Griggs, A.B., Principal Henley School Birmingham 

J. F. Hogan, A.B., M.D Birmingham 

McD. W. Jones, A.B., Salesman East Lake 

C. B. McGriff, A.B., Farmer Columbia 

J. L. McKenney, A.B., Pastor Trussville 

J. W. O'Hara, A.B., Pastor (first honor) Montgomery 

J. H. Perdue, A.B., Lawyer Birmingham 

W. A. Taliaferro, A.B., Pastor Opelika 

J. B. Tidwell, A.B., Prof. Decatur Baptist College Decatur, Texas 

M. L. Burchfield, B.S., Merchant Searles 

N. M. Hawley, B.S., Salesman Birmingham 

F. W. McDonald, B.S., M.D Birmingham 

A. W. Smith, B.S., Merchant Eutaw 

F. C. Smith, B.S., M.D Birmingham 

W. C. Swink, B.S., Merchant Carlowville 

Miss A. E. Weatherly, A.B. (Mrs. John King) Birmingham 

H. Witherspoon, B.S., Postmaster South Carolina 


J. A. Bagley, A.B., M.D Brookside 

H. W. Fancher, A.B., Pastor Montgomery 

G. W. Hopson, Jr., A.B., Grocer Woodlawn 

O. T. Smith, A.B., Merchant Goodwater 

E. M. Stewart, A.B. (first honor), Pastor La Fayette, Ala. 

C. R. Bell, B.S., Salesman Anniston 

W. A. McCain, B.S., Pastor ..* Mobile, Ala. 

* Deceased. ' 


A. J. McDanal, B.S Birmingham 

M. T. McGriff, B.S., Postmaster Columbia 

T. L. Nichols, B.S. (second honor), Teacher .Kembert Hill 

E. W. Rucker, Jr., B.S., M.D Birmingham 

C. H. Smith, B.S., M.D Speigness 


R. L. Daniel, A.B., Lawyer Ensley 

J. G. Dobbins, A.B., Pastor Greensboro 

M. B. Garrett, A.B. and A.M. Graduate Student Ithaca, N. Y. 

W. R. Hood, A.B., Pastor Maryland 

R. S. Lucius, A.B., M.D Eutaw, Ala. 

J. D. Ray, A.B., Pastor Birmingham, Ala. 

J. A. Smith, A.B., Merchant Lineville, Ala. 

R. E. Smith, A.B., Merchant Eutaw, Ala. 

T. M. Thomas, A.B., Missionary, China Inverness, Ala. 

W. A. Windham, A.B., Pastor Healing Springs, Ala. 

W. A. Abercrombie, B.S., Merchant Calera 

M. C. Davie, B.S., Merchant Blocton 

D. B. Hayes, B.S Brewton, Ala. 

J. R. Mullins, B.S., Merchant Clanton, Ala. 

L. M. Spruell, B.S., Teacher CarroUton, Ga. 


J. L. Jackson, A.B., Pastor Orrville 

W. R. Hood, A.M., Pastor Maryland 

E. C. Harris, B.S., M.D Coal City, Ala. 

J. S. Hall, A.B., Pastor Anniston, Ala. 

J. M. Prestwood, A.B., Lawyer Andalusia, Ala. 

H. P. Shugarman, A.B., Medical Student. .Columbia University, N. Y.j 

J. K. Smith, A.B Eutaw, Ala. 

H. B. Woodward, A.B.. Pastor Alexander City 

F. H. Watkins, A.B., Pastor Union Springs, Ala. 

W. L. Yarbrough, A.B., President Scottsboro Baptist 

Institute Scottsboro, Ala. 


J. L. Jackson, A.M., Pastor Orrville, Ala. 

J. K. Smith, A.M Eutaw, Ala. 

A. M. Caine, A.B., Medical Student New Orleans, La. 

F. E. Chambers, A.B Eutaw, Ala, 

DeWitt Faucett, A.B., Teacher Prattville, Ala. 

R. A. Lambert, A.B., Medical Student New Orleans, La. 

T. V. Neal, A.B., Pastor San Antonio, Texas 

H. W. Thompson, A.B., Bookkeeper Brewton, Ala. 


J. C. Smith, B.S., M.D Mobile, Ala. 

T. D. Stewart, B.L Tuskaloosa, Ala. 

H. G. Laird, C.E., Surveying Brookside, Ala. 

B. F. Roden, Jr., Student Birmingham 


P. C. Barclay, A.B Elba, Ala. 

* E. C. Coggin, B.S., Teacher. Forest Home, Ala. 

W. T. Davis, A.B., Pastor Scottsboro, Ala. 

F. H. Farrington, A.B., Pastor Louisville 

E. G. Fenn, A.B., Pastor Leighton 

P. E. Gwin, A.B., M.D Bessemer 

Paul Keeton, B.C.E., Teacher Scottsboro 

E. R. Norman, B.S., Ledger Birmingham, Ala. 

J. E. Parker, B.C.E., Draftsman, Seaboard Air Line. .Birmingham, Ala. 

J. D. Patton, B.S., Teacher Union Springs,' Ala. 

W. T. Patton, B.S Alabama 

E. P. Puckett, A.B., Graduate Student, Tulane New Orleans 

W. A. Spruell, B.S., Teacher Brookwood, Ala. 

C. P. Underwood, B.S., Teacher Woodlawn 

M. B. Garrett, A.M Ithaca, N. Y. 

R. A. Lambert, A.M., Student New Orleans, La. 


P. P. Burns, A.B., Teacher Edgefield, S. C. 

J. O. Colley, A.B., Pastor Birmingham 

R. C. Crumpton, A.B., Teacher West Blocton 

J. D. Dixon, A.B Lowndesboro, Ala. 

P. E. Gwin, A.B., M.D Bessemer, Ala. 

T. A. Gunn, B.S., Medical Student New Orleans 

T. E. Huey, Engineer East Lake, Ala. 

* B. S. Huggins, B.S., Trav. Sec. Y. M. C. A Corona, Ala. 

J. N. Jester, B.S., Teacher Gadsden 

H. D. Jones, A.B., Law Student Russellville, Ah. 

L. T. Reeves, A.B., Pastor Cullman,' Ala. 

J. H. Sams, A.B., Teacher . - Pleasant Hill, Ala. 

T. M. Smith, A.B., Medical Student Louisville, Ky. 

J. T. S. Wade, Jr., A.B., Graduate Student Harvard University 

A. J. Gross, A.B., Student Louisville, Ky. 


P. P. Burns, Prof, in South Carolina Co-Ed. College. . .Edgefield, S. C. 
William A. Counts, A.B., B. R. L. & P. Co Birmingham, Ala.' 

* Deceased. 


W. R. Hale, A.B., Teacher Belle Ellen, Ala. 

J. N. Howell, A.B., Teacher Springville, Ala. 

John T. McKee, A.B., Teacher Newton, Ala. 

Howard C. Montague, A.B., Asst. Chief Clerk, Local 

Freight Office, L. & N. R. R Birmingham, Ala- 
James W. Morrow, A.B., Tax Assessor's Office Birmingham, Ala. 

Walter T. O'Hara, A.B., Railroad Service Talladega, Ala. 

E. C. Payne, A.B., Medical Student Charlottesville, Va. 

F. M. Payne, A.B., Medical Student Charlottesville, Va, 

McCain Robinson, B.S Lowndesboro, Ala, 

Albert Lee Smith, A.B., Insurance Agent Howard College 

James A. Smith, A.B., Pastor Marbury 

George M. Veazey, A.B., Teacher Wilsonville, Ala. 

T. A. Gunn, A.M., Student, Tulane New Orleans 


W. A. Berry, B.S., Teacher Jasper, Ala^ 

J. F. Brock, A.B Healing Springs, Alaj 

M. T. Davidson, A.B Murphreesboro, Tenn 

Edward Day, B.S Orrville, Ala, 

J. K. Day, B.S., Southern Express Company Montgomery, Ala. 

W. M. Duke, B.S Birmingham, Ala. 

F. B. Greenhill, B.S., Merchant Russellville, Ala. 

W. A. Jenkins, A.B., B. R. L. & P. Co Birmingham, Alaj 

Carey McCord, A.B., Medical Student, Ann Arbor, 

Mich Birmingham, Ala 

J. W. Partridge, A.B., Theological Student Louisville, Ky, 

S. J. Russell, B.S Bessemer, Ala, 

V. L. Powell, A.B., Stenographer Anniston, Ala. 

W. Weissinger, Jr., A.B Eleanor, AlaJ 

W. P. Wilks, A.B., Pastor Midway, Ala.' 

A. L. Smith, A.M Birmingham, Ala 

Austin Crouch, A.M., Pastor Woodlawn, Ala. 


J. H. Akins, A.B Akron, Ala 

David Bryan, A.B Louisville, Ky 

L. P. Burns, A.B Howard College, Alas, 

Jesse A. Cook, A.B Louisville, Ky 

Clayton E. Crossland, A.B., Sec. Baptist State S. S. 

Board Montgomery, Ala 

I. H. Dykes, A.B Jackson's Gap, Ala 

H. H. Hagood, A.B Birmingham, Ala 

Charles Hasty, B.S Healing Springs, Ala 

W. S. Hendrix, A.B , Birmingham, Ala 


W. L. Henson, A.B Alabama 

Ira L. Jordan, A.B Louisville, Ky. 

A. P. Longshore, B.S .-. . . .Columbiana, Ala. 

A. E. Page, A.B Louisville, Ky. 

K. W. Smith, B.S Eutaw, Ala. 





T. F. Bledsoe M.A. 

W. Gary Crane D.D. 


S. H, Lockett M.A. 

I. B. Vaiden M.A. 

J. H. DeVotie D.D. 

R. C. Burleson D.D. 


R. Holman D.D. 

Cadwallader Lewis LL.D. 

P. H. Mell LL.D. 


A. J. Battle D.D. 

E. B. Teague D.D. 


W. C. Cleveland D.D. 

J. J. D. Renfroe D.D. 

Crawford H. Toy LL.D. 

J. B. Hawthorne D.D. 


B. Puryear LL.D. 

W. S. Webb D.D. 

J. H. Foster D.D. 


A. B. Woodfin D.D. 

W. R. Boggs. Jr M.A. 

George B. Eager D.D. 


J. E. Chambliss D.D. 

T. M. Bailey D.D. 


J. M. Frost D.D. 

J. M. Phillips D.D. 

W. H. Williams D.D. 

J. E. Willett LL.D. 


A. C. Davidson D.D. 

W. E. Lloyd D.D.. 

G. W. Thomas LL.D. 


George M. Edgar LLX>. 

O. F. Gregory D.D. 


S. W. Averett LL.D, 

J. C. Wright D.D,| 

D. L Purser D.DJ 

R. J. Waldrop M.a( 


B. H. Crumpton D.: 


W. Wilkes D.Mi 

J. S. Taylor D.! 

W. C. Bledsoe D.l 

W. G. Hix M.. 


H. M. Wharton D.I 

B. F. Giles M. 

G. W. Macon M.^ 




W. H. Young Ph.D 

P. T. Hale D.d! 

H. R. Pollard LL.D. 

J. P. Shaffer D.D. 


W. C. Bitting D.D. 

J. A. French D.D. 

A. W. McGaha D.D. 


J- S. Dill D.D. 

A. B. Goodhue LL.D. 

J. E. Massey LL.D. 


Lyman W. Ray D.D. 

W. H. Smith D.d' 

Fred D. Hale D.D. 

W. H. Payne A.M. 

H. J. Willingham A.M. 


D. M. Ramsey D.D. 

J. B. Graham A.M. 

John O. Turner A.M. 


W. G. Curry D.D. 

L. O. Dawson D.D. 

R. G. Patrick .D.d! 

S. J. Ansley A.M. 

J. R. Jarrell A.M. 

W. A. Hobson D.D. 

J. H. Foster D.D, 


J. L. Thompson D.D. 

C. S. Blackwell d!d. 

E. P. Hogan A.M. 

L. L. Vann A.M. 


J. R. Sampey LL.D. 

W. J. E. Cox D.D. 

J. W. McCollum D.D. 


P. V. Bomar D.D. 

R. J. Holston A.M. 

A. J. Moon M.A. 

W. B. Crumpton. . . 
W. M. Blackwelder. 
J. M. Shelburne 


Arthur Yeager 

W. D. Hubbard 



Edward Brand. 

• LL.D. 




The buildings and appointments of the College represent 
an expenditure of $85,000. The friends of Christian educa- 
tion have donated over two hundred acres of land, described , 
below. More than one-half of this land lies around Birming- 
ham ; some of it is to-day desirable building property, and most 
of it i€ rapidly enhancing in value with the development of 
Birmingham, Woodlawn and East Lake. 

The Alabama Baptist State Convention, with a unanimous 
vote, offers the College yearly the interest on $100,000 at six 
per cent., or $6,000 ; this to continue until the permanent endow- 
ment of the institution has been increased by this amount. 


Volume 306, page 527 -I" block 94, East Lake Land Company to 
Alabama Baptist State Convention, lots 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31. 32, 33. m 
block 94; lots 8, 9, 10, II, 12, 13, 14, 15, in block 94- 

Volume 142, page 257 — In block 95, Ruhama Academy to D. 1 
Purser, agent, lots 9, 10, n, 12, 13, U, I5, 16; lots 27, 28, 33, 34, 35- 

Volume 144, page 139- H. F. Wood to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lot 36, block 95. . , * , , 

Volume 194, page 258 -M. B. Wharton and wife to Alabama 
Baptist State Convention, lot 26, block 95. , 

Volume 142, page 248- W. A. Williams to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lot 18, block 95. t^ t t. 

Volume 144, page 123 — East Lake Land Company to D. L Purser 
trustee, all of block 96, containing 3 49-ioo acres. 

Volume 144, page 123 — East Lake Land Company to D. L Purser 
trustee, parcel of land containing 56 51-100 acres. 



Volume 144, page 137 — John T. Reed, Sr., President Lake Supe- 
rior Land Company, to Alabama Baptist State Convention, the S. W. % 
of the N. W. ^ of S. W. ^ of Sec. 2, T. 17, R. 2 W., containing 10 acres. 

Volume 144, page 141 — R. W. Beck to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lot 22, block 122, East Lake. 

Volume 144, page 144 — Merritt EUard to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lots 15 and 16, block 4, East Lake. 

Volume 144, page 148 — W. H. Harrell to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lots 5 and 6, block 65, also lot 5, block 75. 

Volume 144, page 149 — J. W. Tate to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lot 2, block 74, East Lake. 

Volume 144, page 152 — A. N. Lacy to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, 2j/^ acres near East Lake. 

Volume 144, page 154 — John McDonald to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, one acre near East Lake. 

Volume 171, page 562 — J. W. Tate to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lot 2, block 74, East Lake. 

Volume 218, page 481 — G. W. Harrell to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lots 13 and 14, in block i in J. N. Miller's plat in the 
N. E. Ya of S. W. Ya, S. 34, T. 17, R. 3 W, according to map recorded. 

Volume 251, page 476 — F. M. Wood to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lot 13, block 2, Woodlawn. 

Volume 142, page 241 — Z. A. Parker and wife to D. L Purser, 
trustee, lot 18 of the survey of Vaun, Henry, Parker and others in 
block 24 of said survey. 

Volume 142, page 255 — O. W. Wood and wife to D. I. Purser, 
trustee ; begin at the N. E. corner intersection of Parker Street and 
railway of E. L. R. R., thence north 30 degrees 22' W. along Parker 
Street 205 feet; thence N. E. and parallel with E. L. R. R. 138 feet to 
an alley; thence south 25 degrees east along west side of said allev 212 
feet to the north side of right of way of E. L. R. R. ; thence southwest 
along north side of said right of way to point of beginning, S. 21, T. 17, 
R. 2 W. 

Volume 144, page 126 — R. S. Edwards and wife to D. L Purser, 
trustee, lot beginning at the west boundary line of the M. S. Truss land 
and at the southeast corner of Tobias Zophy's lot, which was conveyed 
to said Zophy by J. H. Frazier and wife, thence north 140 feet, thence at 
right angles loo feet, thence at right angles 140 feet, 100 feet to a point 
of beginning, in Sec. 23, T. 16, R. i W. 

Volume 176, page 9 — Felix Montgomery and wife to D. L Purser, 
rustee, beginning northeast corner of the S. E- Ya of the N. E. % of 
Sec. 12, T. 17, R. 2 W., 5 acres. 


Volume 176, page 11 — Walker Land Company to D. I. Purser, 
trustee, block No. 11 (H), 12 36-100 acres; also lots i, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 
14, 15, 16 and 17, block B, all near East Woodlawn. 

Volume 306, page 528 — John T. Hood to Alabama Baptist State 
Convention, lot 14, block 2, Woodlawn. 


Volume 35, page 448, Tuscaloosa County — R. S. Cox to D. I. 
Purser, financial agent, N. E. % of N. E. %, Sec. 5, T. 19, R. 12 W. 

Volume 40, pages 161 and 162, Morgan County — John C. Orr to 
D. I. Purser, trustee, N. E. ^ of N. E. % of N. W. %, Sec. 12, T. 7, 
R. 4 W., being 10 acres more or less. 

Volume 40, pages 163 and 164, Morgan County — Also W. }/2 of 
N. E. Va of N. E. ^ of Sec. 35, T. 6, R. 5 W. 

Volume 142, page 263 (Rec. Jefferson County land in Shelby 
County) — A. B. Waldrop and wife to D. I. Purser, financial agent, 
10 acres land lying in the S. W. corner of N. W. % of N. E. %, Sec. 6, 
T. 19, R. I W. 



Academy 43. 44 

Alumni 76 

Athletics 60 

Board of Trustees 3 

Brief History of Howard College 12 

Calendar 2 

Candidates for Degrees 68 

Courses of Study and Degrees 45-47 

College Honors 51, 52 

English and Elocution 26, 27 

English Bible 40 

Faculty and Committees 8-11 

Fees and Expenses 62-66 

Grading and Examinations 50 

General Information 53 -56 

Greek 29, 30 

History and Economics 41 

Honorary Degrees 92 

Hygiene 42 

Information Concerning Entrance, Tuition, Board, etc 62-66 

Lectures to Ministerial Students 42 

Latin 28, 29 

Library 55 

Literary Societies 59 

Ministerial Class 59, 60 

Military 74, 75 

Mental and Moral Sciences 39, 40 

Modern Languages 31, 32 

Mathematics 33-35 

Natural Sciences 35 -v39 

Organization 25 

Physics and Astronomy 35, 36 

Property of Howard College 94 

Roll of Students 69-73 

Society of Alumni 5 

Student Organizations 59, 60 

Sunday-school Classes 60 

To New Students 56 

Birmingham Medical College, 



B. L. Wyman, A.m., M.D., LL.D., Dean, Professor of Neurology and 
Clinical Medicine. 

J. D. S. Davis, IvL,.D,, M.D., Professor of Principles and Practice of 
Surgery and Clinical Surgery. 

Lewis C. Morris, M.D., Professor of Gynecology and Abdominal 


B. G. CoPELAND, M.D., Professor of Surgical Anatomy and Clinical 


R. M. Cunningham, M.D., Professor of Principles and Practice of 
Medicine and Clinical Medicine. 

L. G. Woodson, M.D., Professor of Diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose 

and Throat. 

D. F. Talley, A.B., M.D., Associate Professor of Surgery. 

Mack Rogers, M.D., Professor of Anatomy. 

E. P. HoGAN, A.M., Sec'y, and Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology. 

Joseph S. McIvESTER, M.D., Professor of Pathology and Clinical Micro- 
scopy, Histology and Bacteriology; Associate Professor of Medicine. 

F. A. LuPTON, M.Sc, M.D., Professor of Obstetrics. 

W. P. McAdory, A.B., M.D., Professor of Physiology. 

T. D. Parke, M.D., Professor of Pediatrics. 

W. H. Wilder, M.D., Professor of Therapeutics and Materia Medica. 

John L. Worcester, M.D., Associate Professor of Anatomy. 

Frank Grace, M.D., Professor of Hygiene and Medical Jurisprudence. 

E. H. Sholl, M.D., Professor of Medical History and Ethics. 

Fifteenth Session Begins October i, igo8. 

The new building adjoins the new Hillman Hospital, furnishes 
abundant clinical material, and gives this College advantages second to 
no other in the country. 

Students who may desire to enter a Medical College are requested 
to correspond with the Secretary, Professor E. P. Hogan, Birmingham, 


1 1 00152515 


Special Collections 

LD 1903/04- 

4881.2 1907/08 

Howard College (Birmingham, 

Catalogue and register of 

Howard College, East Lake,