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Full text of "Sketches of prominent citizens of 1876 : with a few of the pioneers of the city and county who have passed away"

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1333103 



3ZNEAI_OGY COLLECTION 



,,*L'iEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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SKETCHES 



PROMINENT CITIZENS 



OF 1876, 



WITH A FEW OF THE PIONEERS OF THE CITV AND COUNTY 
WHO HAVE PASSED AWAY. 



By JOHN H. B. NQWLAND . 



A SEQUEL TO 

Early Reminiscences of Indianapolis. 

i820-'76. 





" Your monument shall be my gentle verse, 
Which eyes not yet created shall o'er-read: 
And tongues to be, your being shall rehearse. 

When all the present breathers of.this world are dead. 


Gd 


INDIANAPOLIS: 

TILFORD & CARLON, PRINTERS. 
1S77. 



Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1877, by 

JOHN H. B. NOWLAND, 

In the office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D. C. 

Any infringement of copyright will be rigidly prosecuted. The usual courtesies will be extended I 



1333103 



DEDICATION. 



The fact that there are many liberal patrons of this zuork loho have taken 
a lively interest in its publication and success renders it exceedingly difficult for 
the author to select from the number one iipon whom to bestow the slight testi- 
monial of regard in its dedication. 

While I feel imder lasting obligations to many others for liberality extended, 

I respectfully inscribe "Sketches of Prominent Citizens of 1876," a 

sequel to "Early Reminiscences of Indianapolis," to Austin H. Brown. 

Indi.anapolis, 1876. 

THE AUTHOR. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



[N presenting this work to the reading public I have no ambition to, nor shall I 
claim for it, any great degree of literary finish or elegance of style, but will write, in 
a plain, unvarnished way, sketches of some of the prominent citizens of the day, as 
well as of some of the pioneers of the city, county and State, who have gone down 
to the grave. 

In performing this difficult and self-imposed task, I shall endeavor to be just, truth- 
ful and impartial. I shall seek to "render, therefore unto Cii;sar the things which 
are Csesar's, and unto God the things that are God's," and hope to merit the confi- 
dence of those leading men who have come forward and aided me by their counte- 
nance as well as subscriptions for the work. I shall premise some matter in regard to 
the early history of the city that I have referred to in a previous work, in order that 
the present citizens may know to whom this beautiful valley of White river originally 
belonged, when acquired by the Government and settled by the whites, and the great 
difficulties, dangers and privations ^incident to the settling of a wilderness whose in- 
habitants were almost entirely savage — 

"Where nothing dwelt but beasts of prey, 
.4nd men is fierce and wild as they." 

In this, however, I shall be brief, and hasten to the prime object in view, and the 
work that the title indicates. 

In these sketches I shall endeavor to set forth the part each has taken in building 
up this great railroad center with its one hundred thousand inhabitants, its thirteen 
railroads, its beautiful temples of fashion and worship, its magnificent business blocks 
and banking houses, our unequaled fire department, and that magnificent specimen of 
architectural grandeur, the Court House. Men die, but the memory of their virtues 
and services to their country live after them if inscribed on the pages of its history. 
We would have known but little of William Penn or Benjamin Franklin, or their great 
services to the country, if it had not been handed down to us in written history. The 



6 rREFACE. 

present generation would scarcely have heard of Washington, Jefterson, Adams and 
other patriots and founders of the government, had no record been kept of their emi- 
nent services. We would have known nothing of Emmet, the patriot and martyr for 
the freedom of Ireland, had his history not been written. Of the poets, painters and 
composers of music who lived centuries ago, and whose works are the admiration of 
the present age, we would never have heard if there were no biographies written of 
them. The marble or granite monuments that marked their last resting place have 
long since crumbled and fallen to the earth, but their heroic deeds and services are 
fresh in the minds of their countrymen and their memory as enduring as the Rock of 
Ages. 

"The living record of their memory 
■Gainst death and all oblivious enmity, 
Their praise shall still find room 
Even in the eyes of all posterity," 

A distinguished author once wrote, 

■■ The e%-il that men do lives after them, 
The good is often interred with their bones." 

The reverse of this, I think, is the fact, and that it is the good that is remem- 
bered. In support of this theory I will instance the case of Tom Paine, whose writ- 
ings and services in behalf of American independence are remembered with gratitude, 
while his heresy and pernicious religious opinions and teachings are e.xecrated and are 
smouldering with his bones. 

In writing these sketches, if I should err in any particular it will be unintentional 
on my part. I hope my patrons will remember that "To err is human, to forgive 
divine." 



PROMINENT CITIZENS OF 1876, 



A SEQUEL TO 



EARLY REMINISCENCES OF INDIANAPOLIS. 



EARLY HISTORY OF THE "NEW PURCHASE." 

The beautiful valley of White river, in which the city of Indianapolis 
IS situated, once belonged to that powerful and warlike tribe of Indians 
known as the Delawares, who had been gradually driven back from their 
ancient and original homes on the banks of the stream and in the State 
that derive their names from them. 

They were the ancestors of the identical Indians that once owned 
the territory where Indianapolis now stands, that smoked the calumet 
and signed the treaty of peace with William Penn, under the "old elm 
tree" at their village, "Shackamaxon," now Kensington, Philadelphia, 
in 1682, nearly two centuries ago. 

Voltaire, in writing of this treaty, says that it was the only one ever 
made with the Indians that was not sworn to, and that it was the onl)- 
one kept inviolate and unbroken by either party. 

From the banks of the Delaware they moved to the western part of 
Pennsylvania and Virginia, thence to Ohio. It was with these Indians, 
while living in Ohio and Virginia, that the notorious Lewis Whetzel 
had so many daring encounters and hair-breadth escapes, while he 
caused many to "bite the dust." 

About the year 1800 this tribe removed to White river, in Indiana. 
After living here twenty years, they were transferred by the government 
to White river, in Arkansas. That country proving sickly, they were 



S SKETCHES OF PROMIXEXT CITIZEXS. 

removed to Kansas, where they remained until a few years since. The 
remnant of the tribe, now less than one thousand souls, live in the In- 
dian Territory. 

With- this tribe John and William Conner lived and did business as 
traders, William Conner coming to White river in 1802, and establish- 
ing a trading house sixteen miles north of this city, on the east side of 
the river, overlooking a beautiful prairie containing about one section of 
land. At the treaty of St. Mary's, in 18 18, this section was reserved for 
^Ir. Conner, and is yet owned by his heirs. 

Up to the time that Jacob Whetzel sought a home upon the banks 
of White river, which was in the spring of i8ig, no white man, save Mr. 
Conner, dared to intrude upon their soil ; neither would the brave and 
noble Miamis of the Wabash and Eel rivers, or the cowardly Pottawata- 
mies of the lakes endanger their scalps by trespassing upon the soil of 
those fertile valleys. 

This country of original privileges was guarded with a watchful and 
jealous eye by its dusky owners. This "boundless contiguity of shade" 
was considered the finest hunting grounds of the ' ' Great West. " While 
this dense forest abounded with game, the beautiful and transparent 
waters of White river and Fall creek were no less celebrated for the 
superabundance and great variety of their fish. Upon the banks of 
these streams the amateur angler might find "a paradise on earth." 

This vast domain was purchased from the Indians at the treaty of 
St. Mary's, in the summer of 18 18, and from that time was known as the 
"New Purchase." It was stipulated by the articles of the treaty, that 
the Indians should give entire possession in the fall of 1820, and that 
the government might proceed in the survey unmolested in 1S19. 

Soon after this treaty Jacob Whetzel, who then resided on the White- 
water river, in Franklin county, visited the head chief of the Delawares 
(Anderson), at his village, where the beautiful little city of Anderson 
now stands, in order to obtain the chief's consent to "blaze" and cut a 
trace from his residence to the bluffs of White river. In this he was 
successfiil, and accordingly in the fall of that year Mr. Whetzel, with the 
aid of a hired man, and his son, the late. Cyrus Whetzel, cut that trace. 

In the spring of 1819 Mr. Whetzel and son came out on foot, pack- 
ing their provisions, axes and guns, and camped about three hundred 
yards below where the village of Waverly now stands. After selecting 
a tract of rich bottom land, upon which to make their improvements, 
the elder Whetzel returned to his home, leaving the son, a boy but 
nineteen years old, alone to commence the clearing. 



EARL y HISTOR V OF THE " NEW PURCHASE:' n 

The second night after the father left was a stormy one. During 
the night the young man awoke and found he had a brawny Delaware 
for a bed-fellow, the Indian having come to the camp and helped him- 
self to its meager accommodations uninvited. The next morning the 
young man was glad to find that he had not only found a camp com- 
panion, but one who would remain with him until his father returned, 
which he did, and furnished the camp with meat while the young man 
proceeded with the work. Mr. Whetzel has often narrated this incident 
to the writer, and said he felt as secure there alone with that untutored 
son of the forest as if he had been surrounded with whites. 

It was at this point, in March, 1819, that commenced the first per- 
manent settlement of the " New Purchase." 

The following autumn Mr. Whetzel moved his family to his new 
home, and was soon followed by the families of Bradshaw, Ladd, Craig, 
Beeler, and many others, who became permanent citizens. 

The act of Congress of April, 18 16, admitting Indiana into the 
Union as one of its sovereign States, also granted four sections of 
public land as a permanent seat of government or capital of the new 
State. In consequence of this, the central part, yet belonging to the 
Indians, the selection of the site was postponed, and not made until the 
summer of 1820. The Legislature that assembled at Corydon during 
the winter of 1819-1S20, appointed ten commissioners to make the 
selection, with instructions to locate it as near the center of the State as 
a good site could be obtained ; these commissioners were Stephen Lud- 
low, John Conner, John Gilliland, George Hunt, Frederick Rapp, John 
Tipton, Joseph Bartholomew, Jesse B. Durham, William Prince and 
Thomas Emerson. Frederick Rapp and other members of the commis- 
sion from the southern portion of the State, met at Vincennes about 
the middle of May, 1820, preparatory to joining the others at the 
trading house of William Conner, on White river, and near where the 
location would most likely be made. 

Matthias R. Nowland and Andrew Byrne, father and uncle of the 
writer, had been visiting some friends and relations in Lawrence county, 
Illinois. On their return to their home, which was Frankfort, Ken- 
tucky, they happened at Vincennes at the time that portion of the 
commission were about to start to the Upper White river, or the newly 
acquired territory, to carry out the object for which they were appointed. 
My father and uncle were persuaded and induced to join and accompany 
the party. The first settlement they found after entering the new pur- 
chase, was at the bluffs of White river, where there were about half a 



JO SKETCHES OF PROMEVEXT CITIZEKS. 

dozen families, alreadj- mentioned. There they camped near the cabin 
of Jacob Whetzel, and remained one day to rest themselves and their 
jaded horses. At this point the commission was not yet full; those 
present were favorably impressed with the country, and afterward pro- 
posed revisiting that place and giving it a more thorough examination, 
with a view to making the location at that point. 

The next stopping place, or camping ground, was on the east or left 
bank of Fall creek, at its junction with White river; this place has been 
called the "mouth of Fall creek," from the time it began to be settled. 
Here they remained one day, and were also favorably impressed with 
the location. My father told the commissioners that if this place should 
be selected he would not only move out to it in the fall, but would tr\- 
to induce other Kentuckians to join him. At that time there were 
about four or five families here, viz., Hardings, Wilson, Pogue and 
McCormack, all of whom had come that spring. My father and uncle 
remained at this place while the commissioners went to join their asso- 
ciates at the house of William Conner, near where Noblesville now 
stands. One of the commissioners, William Prince, was unable to 
attend. The nine present proceeded to examine John Conner's favorite 
location, which was where the last named town is now situated; but one 
or two favored this point. The party then returned to the mouth of 
Fall creek, and after a few days further examination this site was unani- 
mously chosen on the 7th day of June, 1820. 

The commission was greeted with demonstrations of joy and approval 
by the few families here, and their scanty stores of provisions were 
freely divided with them. Since the White river country had been 
known to the whites and French traders, the mouth of Fall creek was 
the crossing place of White river by the Indians in journeying through 
from the Ohio to the Wabash river. It was here that Lieutenant Ta\- 
lor (afterwards President of the United States) crossed his army when 
marching from Louisville, Kentucky, to build Fort Harrison, in the 
year 181 1 ; this fact the writer learned from him personally. 

While the army was here, the late Colonel Abel C. Pepper said he 
first met the celebrated Shawnee chief, Tecumseh, who was here on an 
embassy to the Delawares. From the time the selection was made the 
"mouth of Fall creek" began to attract attention in the "settlements" 
of the State, }'et the people were deterred from moving their families to 
the place, as the time the Indians were to hold possession had not yet 
expired. I well remember the excitement it caused when my father 



EARL Y HISTOR V OF THE " NEW PURCHASE:' 1 1 

returned to his home and announced his intention of immediately 
removing to the " New Purchase " in Indiana. 

His friends did all they could to dissuade him from carrying out his 
intentions. He was told that he would be prevented by the Indians 
from ever reaching the White river country ; that he was endangering 
the lives of his whole family. In short, every argument was used to 
deter him from carrying out so hazardous an undertaking. 

But arguments were of no avail. His mind was made up the 
moment the location of the "capital in the woods" was made. About 
the middle of October we left our home to seek our fortune among 
strangers in a wilderness, whose population was almost entire savage. 
To traverse a wilderness, such as the country was at that time, was a 
formidable undertaking, and great caution was necessary in selecting a 
camping ground for the night. While the female portion of the family 
were preparing the evening meal, the men were hobbling the horses and 
getting the fire-wood for the night, during which some kept watch while 
the others slept. No one but those who have experienced the same 
joyful feeling can appreciate how we felt in the morning, when many 
miles from the habitation of civilized man, to find that we still retained 
our scalps, and that we were permitted, unmolested, to enjoy that sweet 
rest so refreshing to weary travelers while journeying from one part of 
the country to another in those primitive times. 

If contented, in whatever sphere of life we are placed it requires but 
little philosophy to insure happiness. Still, I must confess that it 
required considerable fortitude to undertake such a journey as we 
accomplished at that time, exposed to danger on all sides and many 
troubles that were only imaginary. We were the first family that had 
traveled " Berry trace " after it was blazed out by him. 

Immediately after the commissioners had made their report the 
Legislature confirmed their action, and passed the act authorizing the 
laying out of the town, and selecting an agent of State and three com- 
missioners to superintend the same, as well as the sale of lots. 

There were several names proposed to the committee for the town ; 
only two of the rejected of which we remember, Delaware and Te- 
cumseh. The one adopted was given by Jeremiah Sullivan, the repre- 
sentative from Jefferson county. Mr. Sullivan was afterwards a promi- 
nent citizen of the State, and Judge of the Supreme Court, and died but 
a few years since. The act above referred to reads as follows: 

' ' The said town, laid out as the permanent seat of government for 



12 SKETCH&S OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

the State of Indiana, shall be called and known by the name of In-di-an- 
ap-ol-is." 

In accordance with the provisions of this act, General John Carr was 
elected agent of State; John W. Jones, Samuel Booker and Christopher 
Harrison, commissioners. They immediately organized and appointed 
Alexander Ralston surveyor. 

Mr. Ralston was a native of Scotland, and was engaged and assisted 
in laying out the city of Washington. He came to the west about the 
year 1815, in connection with the expedition of Aaron Burr. He died 
in this place in January, 1827, and sleeps in the old cemetery, without a 
memorial to mark his resting place. 

The winter of 1820 and 1821 was the coldest ever experienced in 
this latitude. The ground was covered with snow from early in Novem- 
ber until the first of March; yet the "settlers" seemed contented, and 
lived as happily in their log cabins as Friday and Robinson Crusoe. 
There were "none to molest or make them afraid," e.Kcept their dusky 
neighbors, and they kept pretty quiet during the winter. 

CHRISTMAS, 1820. 

The first Christmas dinner we ate in Indianapolis is yet fresh in my 
mind. A large wild turkey was killed for the occasion within one hun- 
dred yards of our door, and near where Washington street now crosses 
the canal. The manner of- cooking would be a little novel at this time. 
It was suspended by a small rope from a joist of the cabin, and hung in 
front of the fire, about eighteen inches above the clay hearth, with a pan 
under it to receive the gravy. The heat of the fire caused it to revolve 
continually, and in this way it was cooked most thoroughly. There are 
a few persons yet living who have never allowed any innovations on 
this primitive mode of cooking. What that Christmas dinner lacked in 
variety and style of the present day was made up in the happiness and 
contentment with which it was partaken. 

Christmas morning the family of my father were alarmed by the re- 
port from five or six rifles at the cabin door, just before daylight ; but 
their fears were soon relieved by one of the Hardings calling for ' ' Old 
Kaintuck " to "get up; we want some of your old peach." This my 
father understood to be some- brandy, of which they had used pretty 
freely while assisting to raise our cabin. 

The place where this city now stands was covered with a dense 
growth of sugar, walnut, poplar, ash, hackberry and hickorj', inter- 
spersed with buckeye, elm, oak and beech, with a thick undergrowth of 



EARLY HISTORY OF THE '^ NEIV PCRCHASE." 



13 



spice-wood and prickly-ash. The ravines and banks of the streams were 
lined with leather-wood, alder and paw-paw. The ground was wet and 
marshy, so much so that a horse would sink above the pastern joints in 
the driest season of the year. Such was Indianapolis when we first 
saw it. 

The month of March was occupied by the "settlers" in making 
sugar and clearing ground for raising corn. 

GEORGE POGUE. 

About the first of April, 1821, the first incident calculated to create 
alarm among the settlers occurred — the disappearance and supposed 
murder by the Indians of George Pogue. Mr. Pogue lived just outside 
of the donation line, on the east or left bank of the creek that took its 
name from him. His cabin was about one hundred yards north of 
where the starch factory is now located. 

George Pogue was a large, broad-shouldered and stout man, with 
dark hair, eyes and complexion, about fifty years of age, a native of 
North Carolina. His dress was like that of a " Pennsylvania Dutch- 
man ": drab overcoat, with many capes, broad brim felt hat. He was a 
blacksmith, and the first of that trade to enter the new purchase. To 
look at the man as we saw him last, one would think he was not afraid 
to meet a whole camp of Delawares in battle array, which fearlessness, 
in fact, was most probably the cause of his death. 

One evening, about twilight, a straggling Indian, known to the set- 
tlers, as well as to the Indians, as Wyandotte John, stopped at the 
cabin of Mr. Pogue, and requested to stay all night. Mr. Pogue did 
not like to keep him, but thought it best not to refuse, as the Indian 
was known to be a bad and very desperate man, having left his own 
tribe in Ohio for some offense, and was now wandering among the vari- 
ous Indiana tribes. His principal lodging place the previous winter was 
a hollow sycamore log that lay under the bluff and just above the east 
end of the National road bridge over White river. On the upper side 
of the log he had hooks (made by cutting the forks or limbs of bushes), 
on which he rested his gun. At the open end of the log, next to the 
water, he built his fire, which rendered his domicile as comfortable as 
most of the cabins. We well remember it as here described. 

After John was furnished with something to eat, Mr. Pogue, know- 
ing him to be traveling from one Indian camp to another, inquired if he 
had seen any white man's horses at anj- of the camps. John said he 
had left a camp of Delawares that morning, describing their place to be 



14 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

on Buck creek, about twelve miles east, and near where the Rushville 
State road crosses said creek ; that he had seen horses there with iron 
hoofs (meaning that they had been shod), and described the horses so 
minutely as to lead Mr. Pogue to believe they were his. Although the 
horses were described so accurately, Mr. Pogue was still afraid that it 
was a deception to lure him into the woods, and mentioned his suspi- 
cions to his family. 

When the Indian left, next morning, he took a direction toward the 
river, where nearly all the settlement was. Pogue followed him for 
some distance, to see whether or not he would turn his course towards 
the Indian camps, but found that he kept on direct toward the river. 

Mr. Pogue returned to his cabin and told his family he was going to 
the Indian camp for his horses. He took his gun, and with his dog set 
out on foot for the Delaware camp, and was never afterward seen or 
heard of. 

We remember there were a great many conflicting stories about his 
clothes and horses having been seen in possession of the Indians, all of 
which were untrue. 

There can be no doubt that the Wyandotte told Mr. Pogue the truth 
in regard to the horses, and in his endeavor to get possession of them, 
he had a difficulty with the Delawares and was killed. At least such 
was the prevailing opinion here at the time, but as to any certainty in 
regard to his fate it was never known, and of course at this late day 
never will be. 

The settlers form.ed a company for the purpose of searching the dif- 
ferent Indian camps within a radius of forty or fifty miles of the place, to 
find some key that might unlock the mystery, but none was ever found. 

A few years since we made the assertion, through one of the city 
papers, that Joh.n McCormack was the first white man that settled in 
Indianapolis, and that he built his cabin on the bank of the river on the 
26th day of February, 1820. This fact had been patent up to that time 
and had never been denied, but I was surprised that some person had 
informed one of the city editors that I was in error, and that George 
Pogue was the first settler, and had come here in March, 18 19. I imme- 
diately addressed a letter to the late Cyrus Whetzel on this subject, and 
received this answer, which was published in the Sentinel at the time : 
Waverly, Morgan County, March 10, 1S70. 

Mr. J. H. B. XowLAND:— Z)cv;/- 5/;— Yours, of the fourth inst., is received. The 
subject to which you cill my attention I thought was settled many years since, /. i\ that 
John McCormack built the first house in Indianapolis, in February, 1S20, and that George 



EARLY HISTORY OF THE " NEW PURCHASE: 



Pogue settled on the bank of the creek that takes its name from him the following March.. 
I am confident that there was not a white man living in Marion county in 1819. My 
father and self settled where I now live in the spring of 1819, when I was in my nine- 
teenth year, and at an age calculated to retain any impression made on my mind. 

Yours respectfully, 

Cyrus Whetzel. 
P. S. — Your statement in the Senlind, of the 25th ultimo, is correct. My father and 
I came out in the spring of 1819, say about the 15th of March, cleared ground, raised 2/ 
crop, and moved the family out in October following. C. W. 

We think that this letter of Mr. Whetzel's establishes the fact 
beyond the shadow of a doubt, that John McCormack was the first 
white man who settled in Indianapolis or in Marion county. 

John McCormack kept the first tavern or place of entertainment in 
the place. He provided for the commissioners a portion of the time 
when they were here for the purpose of locating the capital. 

His house stood on the east or left bank of the river, a few steps 
below where the National road bridge now crosses that stream. 

One bright, sunny Sunday morning, about the middle of March, my 
father and myself took a walk to the river. When within about fifty yards 
of the cabin of Mr. McCormack, we heard cries of "Help! murder!" 
etc., coming from the house. We ran, and by the time we got there 
several men had arrived. 

A well known and desperate Delaware, known as Big Bottle (from 
the fact that he generally carried a large bottle hung to his belt), had 
come to the opposite side of the river and commanded Mrs. McCor- 
mack to bring the canoe over for him ; this she refused to do, knowing 
that he wanted whisky, and when drinking was a dangerous Indian. 

He set his gun against a tree, plunged into the river and swam over, 
and when we reached the house was ascending the bank, tomahawk in 
hand, preparatory to cutting his way through the door, which Mrs. 
McCormack had barricaded. At the sight of the several men he 
desisted from his intentions, and said he only wished to ' ' scare white 
squaw." He was taken back to his own side of the river in the canoe, 
and admonished that if he attempted to scare the "white squaw" again 
her husband would kill him. This rather irritated him, he flourished 
his scalping knife towards her, and intimated by signs from her head to 
his belt that he would take her scalp. 

The spring and summer brought with them many new settlers, viz : 
James M. Ray, Daniel Yandes, John Given, James Blake, Calvin 
Fletcher, Daniel Shaffer, Robert Wilmot, Dr. Samuel G. Mitchell, Dr. 
Isaac Coe, Dr. Livingston Dunlap, Alexander W. Russell, and many 



1 6 SKETCHES OF PR O MIX EN T CITIZENS. 

Others, who became vakiable citizens in after years. The commissioners 
in their report to the Legislature, among other advantages of the loca- 
tion, spoke of the navigation of White river as paramount to all others. 
They selected 2,560 acres, equal to four entire sections, sections num- 
bered one and twelve, east and west fractional sections numbered two, 
east fractional section numbered eleven, and as much of the east part 
of west fractional section three, to be set off" by a north and south line, 
as would complete the requisite number of acres, all in township fifteen, 
range three east. So it will be seen that the donation was made up of 
two entire, and the balance in fractional sections. 

About the middle of April, agent of State, General John Carr, 
commissioner Christopher Harrison, and surveyor, Alexander Ralston, 
arrived at my father's cabin, to begin the work of laying out the town. 
I remember well the surveyor showing the diagram of the place to 
my father. The State House square and other reservations were marked 
most prominent, the streets and different avenues with their names most 
conspicuous. 

I remember how the talented old Scotchman dilated most elo- 
quently upon the future of the "capital in the woods." His diagram 
for survey embraced one square mile near the center of the donation, 
from East to West, and North to South streets. The old man remarked 
that should ever half of the survey be improved, what a beautiful town 
it would make. The buildings seemed to rise in imagination before 
him. Could he awake to-day from his fifty years of the sleep of death, 
how he would be astonished to see the great change. 

I will have to retrograde and notice more fully what has already been 
alluded to in regard to the occupation of the settlers during the earlj- 
spring. 

An old Indian sugar camp, situated where is now the southeast 
terminus of Virginia avenue, was opened about the first of March by 
Matthias R. Nowland. After making sugar about two weeks, the 
Indians came and claimed pre-emption right to the use of the camp, 
and told the occupant \.o piic-a-cliee, which in English meant " clear out." 
This he did not consider a debatable question, and obeyed their man- 
date. They remained there during the most of the summer, and had 
several "big drunks" and fights among themselves, in which several 
were killed. During their frolics the whites were careful and kept a 
respectful distance from them. 

On the north side of the original town were about one hundred acres, 
the timber of which had been killed by caterpillars ; the undergrowth 



EARLY HISTORY OF THE "iVEiV PURCHASE." ly 

was cleared up by the settlers in common ; the south side (being the 
only part liable to trespass by stock) was fenced with brush. After 
being prepared for cultivation the ground was divided by turn-rows, 
giving to each settler a due portion for his own use, which was mostly 
planted by them with corn and pumpkins. This was called the "big 
field," and retained the name for several years afterwards. In addition 
to this field, each settler had cleared in the rear of his cabin a small 
piece of ground, called " the truck patch," in which all kinds of " gar- 
den sass" was produced, from a love apple (tomato) to a Virginia 
squash. It may be proper to add that at that early day the tomato 
was considered more ornamental than useful, and never used (as now) 
as a table luxury. 

Those patches were most luxuriant in their production, and furnished 
vegetables and melons in great abundance, the free use of which, by 
some, was claimed as one of the prime causes of the great sickness that 
prevailed during the summer and early fall. 

There has been some difference of opinion as to who preached the 
first sermon in Indianapolis. It has been attributed to the Rev. John 
McClung, a "New Light" preacher. If Mr. McClung did preach 
early in the spring of 1821, it is most likely it was at the house of Mr. 
Barnhill, who belonged to the same denomination, and lived entirely 
outside the donation on Fall creek. There were prayer and exhortation 
meetings frequently held at the cabin of Isaac Wilson, but no meetings 
by a regular preacher. About the first of May the Rev. Rezin Ham- 
mond, a Methodist minister of Charlestown, Clarke county,. Indiana, 
was traveling through the country taking the numbers of tracts of land, 
preparatory to purchasing at the sale which was to come off at Brook- 
ville in July. In passing through this place, he told the people that he 
would return and, if desired, preach to them the following Sabbath. 
The surveying party were then at work near the Circle. On Saturday 
evening they rolled some logs together and built a rude rostrum on the 
south side of the knoll that now forms the Circle. The rostrum was 
above the congregation, so the speaker faced toward what is now Wash- 
ington street. A few years since I met Mr. Hammond on the ferry 
boat, crossing the Ohio river between Louisville and Jeffersonville. Our 
conversation turned on the early days of Indianapolis. The reverened 
gentleman asked me if I remembered when he first preached in the 
woods at this place. The circumstance was fresh in my mind. He 
then related to me the passage of scripture that formed the foundation 



1 8 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

of his discourse, and where to be found. The language I retained in 
my mind, the book, chapter and verses I had forgotten ; I referred the 
matter to a learned divine of this city ; he at once told me I would 
find the exact words in the sixteenth chapter of Mark, fifteenth and 
sixteenth verses, where I found them. 

"And he said unto them, go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every 
creature. 

"He that believeth and is baptized, shall be saved ; but he that believeth not shall be 
damned." 

In front of the speaker sat about twenty hardy pioneers with their 
families, in all not to exceed forty or fifty persons. Several times during 
the service a loud amen went up from the congregation, which might 
be considered out of place in some of the fashionable churches of the 
present time. 

A few moments after the service commenced, an Indian and squaw 
came by on their ponies ; they halted but a moment, all seemed Greek 
to them ; they passed on toward the trading house of Rober Wilmot. 
Mr. Wilmot, who was in the congregation, arose and followed them, 
but before he was out of hearing the minister remarked that, " The 
pelts and furs of the Indians had more attraction for his Kentucky friend 
than the words of God." There can be but little doubt that this was 
the first sermon preached in Indianapolis ; it was so regarded at the time. 

Since this first sermon we have heard many learned and eloquent 
discourses, but have no recollection of any that was listened to with 
more profound attention, or seemed to make a deeper impression on the 
audience than this. Mr. Hammond was a man of more than ordinary 
ability, and possessed the faculty of enlisting his hearers in his subject. 
While on this tour he selected, and afterwards bought, some of the 
finest land in Marion county ; nearly, if not all, he retained or kept in his 
family until the time of his death, which occurred but a few years since. 
Since that time one piece adjoining the city has been sold by his admin- 
istrator, at modern prices. 

After this visit of Mr. Hammond's there was no scarcity of preach- 
ers, for the woods were full of people selecting locations of land, among 
them many preachers, who kept the spiritual strength of the settlers 
pretty well refreshed. 

The land hunters generally traveled two or three together, each with 
a gun, tomahawk, and a portion of their camp equipage. They carried 
their provisions with them, their horses subsisting on grass and wild pea 



EARLY HISTORY OF THE " NEW FUR CHASER- 



19 



vines, which grew most luxuriantly. The horses really fared better 
than their riders. 

Conrad Brussell, a Pennsylvania Dutchman, had established a bakery 
on the north bank of the ravine, about one hundred yards east of where 
the waterworks are now located. Conrad found ready sale for all the 
rusks, ginger-cakes and jerked venison he could prepare. His cakes 
were a compound of musty flour, saleratus, maple molasses and ginger, 
and were considered a great treat to the hungry traveler. 

Although every cabin was a tavern, and every tavern a cabin, there 
was not sufficient room to accommodate one-fourth of the strangers who 
were traversing the country. 

During the spring and summer several keel-boats arrived, laden with 
flour and other provisions, which were in a damaged condition, owing 
to the fact of their being on the water so long. The flour was musty 
and almost worthless, although the people were compelled to use it. 
This was considered another cause of the great sickness. 

Amos Hanway, Sen., had ascended the river in an "Olean Point" 
flatboat. He had come in this boat the year before, from Marietta, Ohio, 
to Vincennes, thence to this place. On the boat was brought to this 
place the first barrel of whisky, although large quantities had been 
brought in smaller packages. The fact becoming known that Mr. Han- 
way had so large a quantity of whisky, made him hosts of friends, and 
for a while, at least, he was the most popular personage in the settle- 
ment, and found no difficulty in getting assistance to build his house, 
which was located near the bakery of Conrad Brussell. Mr. Hanway's 
house was of hewed logs, with a shingle roof, being the first of the kind 
built in the place. 

During the summer great preparations were being made for the sale 
of lots, which it was understood would come off" so soon as the survey 
of the town was completed. In view of this, and at the solicitation of 
the agent of State, Matthias R. Nowland had built an additional cabin 
to be used for the office and sleeping apartment of the officials of the 
town during the sale. About the last of July sickness began in the 
most violent form, which delayed the survey as well as all other busi- 
ness; there was scarcely a well person in the whole settlement. Com- 
missioner Harrison seeing the situation stopped the survey and returned 
to his home until the sickness should subside. 

Before leaving he authorized Daniel Shaffer, James Blake and Mat- 
thias R. Nowland to select a piece of ground for a burial place. One 
Sunday morning early in August they selected the place now known as 



20 SKETCHES OF PROMIXE^fT CITIZEKS. 

the "old graveyard." Just one week from that day Mr. Shaffer was 
buried there, being the first white man to die in Indianapohs and the 
first buried in that yard. Mr. Shaffer was a Pennsylvania German, but 
direct from Cincinnati to this place in January, 1821. He was the first 
merchant ; his dwelling and store were on the high ground where is now 
the junction of Madison avenue with Meridian street. His sudden and 
untimely death was most discouraging to the people, as he was an active 
and energetic man and a kind neighbor. His loss was felt most severely. 
Early in September the sickness began to abate and the usual voca- 
tions of the settlers were resumed. Although several had died their 
places were soon filled by others ; the surveyors had resumed their 
work, and the sale of lots advertised by posters to commence on the 
9th of October. New life seemed to be infused into the people ; everj- 
cabin was bustle and confusion ; people seemed to look forward to the 
9th of October as the day for which all days were made, and that and 
the few succeeding days as those when their fondest earthly hopes were 
to be realized. The male portion of the settlers were busy building 
sheds and fencing pounds for the horses during the sale ; the female part 
baking bread, frying doughnuts and jerking venison, and making prepar- 
ations to accommodate as many of the strangers as possible. Several 
days previous to the day of sale people began to arrive, first two or three 
together, then perhaps a dozen at a time, then by scores, until all out- 
doors was scarcely sufficient to accommodate them. Some came well 
prepared for camping out ; others slept under trees, using their saddles 
for pillows and saddle-blankets for covering, and a great many depend- 
ing on the meager accommodations the settlers would afford. Wagons 
came from the Whitewater country laden with ginger cakes, spruce 
beer, cider, dried meats and such other edibles as they thought would 
sell. There was no scarcity of provisions. The keen, cunning Yankee 
was here, the brawny Dutchman, the high-sounding, hifalutin Kentuck- 
ian was here ; the staid old Quaker from Wayne county also entered an 
appearance ; indeed, nearly every section of the West was well repre- 
sented. Those who could not attend were generally represented by 
their cousins or nephews ; so every one had a fair show to make their 
election sure for a fortune in property in the "capital in the woods." 
At last the 9th of October arrived, which was a bleak, desolate day, not 
at all calculated to inspire good feeling or love of speculation. At the 
appointed time the one-horse wagon of Mr. James Blake was backed up 
against the window of the cabin to be used as an office. Old Tommj- 
Carter, a good old-time Baptist, soon mounted the wagon as the auc- 



REMOVAL TO THE NEW PURCHASE. 21 

tioneer, or "crier " as they were called at that time. Our venerable cit- 
izen James M. Ray was officiating inside as clerk of the sale. Mr. Car- 
ter, in the good old style of the Baptist preacher of that day, drawling 
his words through his nasal organ, announced that he was about to lav- 
ish upon every man, woman and child present a fortune, whether they 
wished it or not. The terms of the sale were then stated by General 
Carr, agent of State : One-fifth of the purchase money when certificate 
of sale was given, the residue in four annual installments. The first lot 
offered, and I believe sold, was the second lot east of West street, on 
the south side of Washington. The front part of the lot is now vacant, 
and never had any improvement of much value on it. Many of the lots 
bid off at the sale were forfeited to the State, and for the first twenty-five 
years in the history of the city could not have been sold for the original 
purchase money. Very few of the lots purchased at this sale were re- 
tained by the purchasers or their heirs to the present time ; those who 
did have realized fortunes from them. 

This sale continued one week, during which time there was not the 
least disturbance of any kind. Although the woods were filled with 
moneyed people, there was no robbery or attempt at the same, nor was 
there the least apprehension or fear. There were no confidence men to 
prey upon the credulity of the people ; although strangers, they looked 
upon each other as their neighbor and friend. Their money was almost 
entirely gold and silver, and was left in their leather bags where best 
they could procure a shelter, and was considered as safe as it now would 
be in the vaults of our banks. What a change fifty-seven years have 
wrought ! Is it in human nature, or where else is it ? 

REMOVAL TO THE NEW PURCHASE. 

Perhaps it would not be improper to give an account of our trip 
from Frankfort, Ky., to this place. 

My father immediately set about making preparations for removing. 
He had no difficulty in selling his suburban residence of ten or twelve 
acres, and realized quite a handsome amount to begin with in a new 
country. He disposed of every article of wood or iron furniture that 
was not indispensable, or that could possibly be done without. He then 
loaded a large six-horse wagon with heavy necessary furniture and pro- 
visions sufficient for the winter use. 

The beds and bedding, and most of the clothing, were so arranged 
and packed as to be carried on the backs of horses. Feather beds were 



22 SKETCHES OF PROMI\EiXT CITIZEXS. 

rolled up and tied together in such a way that one would rest on each 
side of the horse, forming a platform on the back of the animal, where 
one or two children could ride. My mother and grandmother were pro- 
vided with single horses and side saddles, and when the whole caravan 
was in motion, would remind a person of a cavalcade of Bedouins or 
Arabs. In this way, about the middle of October, 1820, we left our 
home in Frankfort, Kentucky, to seek our fortune among strangers, in 
a wilderness whose population was almost entirely savage. 

As a start in a journey is the main point, and when started half ac- 
complished, my father only intended to go seven miles the first day and 
stop at the house of an old friend, at the Sulphur Springs, to which point 
we were accompanied by several of his friends, who held high carnival 
during the evening. In parting with friends, all of whom were there to 
see us start, there was none more deeply affected or showed more heart- 
felt sorrow than the old negro woman who had nursed all my father's 
children. When parting with my mother, she fell on her knees, and 
prayed that God would watch over and protect her old mistress, and her 
children, from the tomahawk of the wild " Injuns," which brought tears 
to the eyes of all present. This good old woman would have come with 
us, but was deterred only by the fear of the Indians. My sister, now 
Mrs. S. H. Patterson, of Jeffersonville, and myself, were placed on the 
platform made by feather beds, on the back of one of the horses. In 
descending a steep hill the first day we started, the horse stumbled, 
landing her and myself on the rocky road, with beds on top of us. 

In about four days we reached the Ohio, at the mouth of the Ken- 
tucky river. Here we encountered the first difficulty of any moment. 
The ferry-boat had left the spring before for parts unknown. Fortu- 
nately the river was quite low, and the only possible way of getting 
across was to unload the wagon and take it to pieces, and ferry over in a 
skiff a portion at a time. The running gear was taken over in this way 
and put together ; then the large body or bed was floated over ; then 
the furniture was taken over and reloaded, and the horses swam across ; 
and last the family were ferried over the evening of the second day, and 
camped for the first time in Indiana, on the north bank of the Ohio river. 

The ferryman at that time was George Ash, well known in frontier 
history, having, when a child, been taken prisoner and raised entirely 
by the Indians. He lived on the Indiana side, could scarcely speak a 
word of English, wore rings in his ears and nose, and dressed in Indian 
style. Although he had a very good house, he had not a chair or bed- 
stead in it, and lived in every way like a savage. 



REMOVAL TO THE NEW PURCHASE. 



23 



From Ash's Ferry, as it was then called, we went by way of Ver- 
sailles to Napoleon, in Ripley county ; this occupied two days. Although 
we had an open road, it was quite hilly and rough. At Napoleon we 
camped near the house of William Wilson, son of Isaac Wilson, living 
at that time in this place, of whom I will speak in another sketch. Here 
we bought corn, and had it ground into meal on a small hand-mill be- 
longing to Mr. W. This occupied one day. Here ended the road, and 
commenced Berry's trace, which had to be cut out before the large wagon 
could get along. 

The first house from Napoleon was that of Montgomery, on ' ' Flat 
Rock," about nine miles above where Columbus now stands. Here we 
were detained one day in consequence of the wagoner having foundered 
one of his horses. While here we were overtaken by Henry Bradley, 
his brother William, and Bob Sacre, who had agreed to meet us at 
the mouth of the Kentucky river. This acquisition in numbers and 
strength, with three additional trusty rifles, was truly encouraging, and 
gave confidence to the whole party, especially two young men, James 
Graves and Nathaniel Jones, who had begun to show signs of fear soon 
after we crossed the Ohio river, so much so that my father was afraid 
they would take the back track. 

From Montgomery's the next house was that of Captain John Berry, 
father of Colonel Nineveh Berry, now of Madison county. Mr. Berry 
lived at the mouth of Sugar creek, on Blue river, about three miles from 
where Edinburg now is. There also we stopped one day and replen- 
ished our stock of fresh meat by the purchase of a hog, and one of the 
party, I think Mr. Henry Bradley, killing a fine buck. My father had 
stopped at Mr. Berry's in the summer, and formed quite an attachment 
for him. 

About the time we were there, a circumstance happened that gave 
name to a creek in that vicinity, which it now bears, and will, I suppose, 
as long as water runs in its bed. Nineveh Berry, then quite young, had 
killed a deer; with the deer on his shoulder and gun in his hand, he at- 
tempted to cross the creek on a log ; the bark of the log slipped, throw- 
ing Mr. B., deer and gun into the water. When he went home he told 
his father the circumstances, who immediately named the creek Nineveh. 

The next day we reached the house of Loper, which was where 
Berry's trace crossed that of Whetzel's, about three miles southwest of 
Greenwood. This place is now owned by William Law. It may be 
proper here to say there are two places in Johnson county known as 
where Loper's cabin stood. This point is where his first house was. He 



34 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



afterwards sold this place, and built another cabin about five miles east 
of it, on a creek now known as Hurricane. We staid at Loper's on the 
night of the third of November. The next morning set in a violent 
snow storm. Mr. Bradley proposed to my father to take the family on 
horseback, and go on and have them a warm dinner by the time they 
would arrive with the wagon, fhis he did, and we arrived about twelve 
o'clock, the fourth day of November, at the house of that good old Sa- 
maritan, Isaac Wilson, which was on the northwest corner of the State 
House square. About four o'clock Mr. B. and friends came in with 
the wagon. 

It was on this evening my little eyes (as old Johnny Ewing would 
say) first opened upon a live "Injun," of which I had heard so much. 
I had gone to the river with the teamster to help him water his horses. 
At the river one of the Hardings detained me to ask questions about 
the "new comers," what their names were, and where from. By the 
time I had answered the various questions, the teamster had reached 
the wagon ; the horse I was riding was very restive, and finally threw 
me. I jumped up, and followed along the path; when about where 
Meikel's brewery stands I met a "big Injun." I don't know which 
was the worst scared, he or I ; but I suppose I was. I did not stop to 
ask him any foolish questions, or compliment him upon his warrior-like 
appearance ; but I think I made about as good time between that and 
the wagon as there is on record. One yelp and a i&v^ jumps took me to 
the wagon. What became of him I did not look back to see. And 
here commences what I know and have seen of Indianapolis. 

FIRST WINTER IN INDIANAPOLIS. 

We found Mr. Wilson with quite a large family of his own, although 
he told my father he would be welcome to the use of one of his two 
cabins until such time as he would be able to build one for himself; but 
that a Quaker from Wayne county, named Billy Townsend, had been 
out and raised a cabin and covered it, but had neither cut out a door, 
window, or place for a chimney. It was situated in the middle of Ken- 
tucky avenue, about midway between Illinois and Tennessee streets. 

My father did not take the liberty of cutting out the doors and chim- 
ney, lest he would not get them in the places the owner wished ; so he 
pried up two corners of the house and took out the third log from the 
bottom, which would, by climbing, be sufficient for ingress and egress. 
A few boards were removed from the middle of the roof, for the escape 
of smoke, the fire being built in the middle of the room, on the ground, 



REMOVAL TO THE NEW PURCHASE. 



25 



there being no floor. This house had neither "chinking or daubing." 
My mother hned the inside walls by hanging up rag carpeting, which 
rendered it quite comfortable for the short time we occupied it. The 
entire male population were prompt to tender their services to assist in 
building a cabin of our own. These, with seven men already at my 
father's command, enabled him in a few days to have a comfortable 
cabin, which he built on the west bank of the ravine (on Missouri street), 
about midway between Washington and Maryland streets. 

At this cabin of Townsend's the men enjoyed very much the going 
in and out of my grandmother. She was quite a large but short woman, 
pretty near as thick as she was long, and none enjoyed the fun more 
than the old lady herself 

Our new cabin was eighteen by twenty feet square ; the chimney, 
which was in the east end, would take in a "back-log" eight feet in 
length, and a " fore-stick" ten feet. There were two doors, one on the 
north, and the other on the south side, opposite. These doors were 
made in this way to facilitate the making of fires. The back-sticks were 
about eighteen inches in diameter ; one end was placed on a sled called 
a "lizard," to which a horse was hitched and driven through the house 
until the log was opposite the fire-place, and then rolled to its place in 
the fire ; and so with the fore-stick ; and the smaller fuel carried in and 
placed on top. The two large sticks would last about twenty-four hours. 

Robert Wilmot, the second merchant, had a small stock of goods and 
Indian trinkets, and for a short time carried on a trade with the Indians; 
but a little circumstance occurred that frightened him, and he soon 
returned to Georgetown, Kentucky, his former residence. 

A Delaware Indian, named Jim Lewis, had pledged some silver hat- 
bands to Wilmot for goods, and was to return in two moons and redeem 
them. His word he kept, but when he came back Wilmot had sold 
them to another Indian, which exasperated Lewis so that he threatened 
Wilmot that if he ever found him going to his corn-field alone he would 
take his scalp. This frightened him so much that he never would go 
alone, but often requested and was accompanied by the late Doctor 
Livingston Dunlap. So fearful was he that Lewis would execute his 
threat, he sold out, and, as before stated, returned to Kentucky, as it 
was pretty generally known that Lewis was the murderer of the white 
man found near the Bluffs on an island of White river. This threat 
against Wilmot had a tendency to alarm, and put on their guard other 
settlers. 

That spring my father made sugar at an old Indian sugar camp 



26 SASTCHES OF PROMINEXT CITIZENS. 

(many of the trees are yet standing), at the southeast end of Virginia 
avenue. He was alone at night boihng the sap. He discovered coming 
direct to him, and only about thirty steps distant, a man he at once 
took to be Jim Lewis. He raised his rifle, pointed it at the man, and 
directed him to stop. The person threw up his hands, and cried out, 
"Don't shoot, Nowland, it is Harris." It turned out to be an old 
friend from Kentucky, named Price Harris, who had just arrived that 
evening, and wished to go out to the camp that night. He wore a 
white hat, which my father took for the silver bands Lewis wore on his 
hat. After this threat, for some time the settlers did not feel secure, 
and every little incident created alarm. 

THE HARDING BROTHERS. 

The widow Harding and several sons came to this place in the spring 
of 1820. Her cabin stood on the bank of the river, on the north side 
of the ravine, near where the woolen factory of Merritt & Coughlen 
now stands. 

Eliakim, Samuel, Israel and Laban were single, and lived with their 
mother. Robert was married, and lived on the bluff bank, just north 
of the east end of the National road bridge. Ede Harding did not 
come to this place for several years after the rest. 

Robert Harding's second son, Mordecai, was the first white child 
born on the donation, and is still living four miles west of town, on the 
National road. 

The elder Hardings are all dead. They were all industrious and 
energetic farmers, having the opportunity as they did of selecting the 
best land in the New Purchase, and improved their farms in fine style. 

Noah, the eldest and only other son of Robert Harding, lives about 
three miles west of the city, and is one of our most respectable farmers. 

Laban, the son of Ede, owns and lives on one of the best farms in 
the county, about six miles from town, north of the Crawfordsville 
State road. 

It was"' Samuel Harding who gave the writer his first lesson in horse- 
manship, allowing him to ride one of his plow-horses to and from the 
corn-field, morning, noon and evening. 

Samuel and Israel Harding were brothers in-law as well as brothers, 
having married two sisters, daughters of Jeremiah Johnson, and sisters 
of Jerry, spoken of on another page. 



ISAAC WILSON— SPRING OF 1S21. 2/ 

ISAAC WILSON. 

This good old Samaritan came to this city in the spring of 1820, 
and built his double cabin on the northwest corner of State House 
square, the first house of any kind built on the original town plat. He 
built the first grist mill on Fall creek, in the years 1821-22 ; he removed 
his family to his farm near the mill. « 

He was one of the most charitable and benevolent men I ever knew, 
and did as much for the poor during the four or five years he lived after 
the first settlement of the place as any person here. His house was the 
place for holding religious meetings and preachings as long as he lived 
in town, as it was also the stopping place for preachers of all denomi- 
nations. 

Mr. Wilson had been married twice. His first wife's children lived 
for many years on White Lick, about ten miles west of town, but those 
that are yet living have moved further west. He had four children by 
his last wife — the two boys, Lorenzo Dow and Wesley, both are dead,; 
his two daughters are yet living. Patty is the wife of Samuel J. Patter- 
son, and lives on her father's old farm ; Elizabeth is the widow of Isaac 
Harris, and lives near her sister. They are the oldest settlers living 
near the town, while the writer claims to be the oldest living within the 
city limits. 

Mr. Wilson was very kind to my father and mother, and assisted us 
a great deal, which will be kindly remembered by the writer as long as 
he lives. He presented us with a cow and calf, ours having died a few 
days after my father's death. 

SPRING OF 1 82 1. 

The spring of 1821 brought out a great many persons from the 
"settlement," for the purpose of raising a "crap," preparatory to 
moving their families in the fall. 

The undergrowth of a large field was cleared in common by almost 
the entire population. The south side of the field only was fenced 
(with a brush fence) ; the north side and east and west ends were left 
open, as there was no stock that would be likely to disturb the growing 
crop. Indeed, the first and second years there were very few cattle 
and hogs, and they grazed on the south side of the field, where the 
fence was. The few horses were kept in the plow during the week, 
and on Sundays were taken to the island just across the river from the 



28 SKETCHES OF PROiWNENT CITIZENS. 

old city cemetery to graze. This island abounded with pea-vine and 
other fine pasture. The animals were generally "spanceled, " or hob- 
bled, by tying a rope around the forelegs, between the pastern-joint 
and hoof; and their owners watched them through the day, to prevent 
them being stolen by the Indians. The poor animals got very little to 
eat except spice boughs through the week. It was a great treat to 
them to have the fine pasture of the island on Sunday. I have often 
heard the settlers remark that their horses would do twice more work 
on Monday than any other day of the week. 

A great many persons that were here for the purpose of raising a 
crop were deterred from bringing their families in the fall, in conse- 
quence of the sickness of that summer. For a while there was scarcely 
one person able to hand another a drink of water. 

In February of this year, my father had returned to Kentucky, and 
induced a man named Elisha Herndon to join him in the purchase of a 
keel-boat, and load it with flour, bacon, whisky, and such articles as 
might be necessary during the coming summer, in view of the survey of 
the town being made. The late Colonel A. W. Russell, then a very young 
man, was prevailed upon to take charge of the boat as supercargo, and 
bring it from Frankfort, Kentucky, to this place, where he arrived about 
the first of May. The Kentucky and Ohio rivers were descended with- 
out any difficulty, the rivers being high. The Wabash and White rivers 
were ascended by what is called " cord-elling," or tying a rope to a tree 
some distance in advance of the boat, and then pulling the boat up to 
the point, and sometimes poling or pushing the boat by means of poles. 
In this way they were about six weeks in ascending the Wabash and 
White rivers. This was the first boat that ever ascended the river this 
far; and the first Fourth of July was celebrated (by all who were not 
too sick) by a trip on this boat to Anderson's spring, which was about 
one and a half miles above the settlement, on the west side of the river, 
near where the Crawfordsville State road now crosses. The cargo of 
this boat was sold at a great loss, owing to the great expense incurred 
by the hire of hands necessary to bring it up the Wabash and White 
rivers. 

One or two other keel-boats, also laden with provisions, arrived ; 
their cargoes were in a damaged condition, the flour damp and musty ; 
indeed, sweet flour was the exception, and damaged flour had to be 
used, and from this cause some thought the most of the sickness of that 
year arose. 




c^^^^/f^i/e^cC 



ALEXANDER WILSON RUSSELL. 29 

The hands that were engaged to bring those boats here found ready 
employment by the surveying party as ax-men, chain-carriers, etc. 

As I have said elsewhere, the historical events will be found in the 
biographical sketches I shall hereafter introduce. 

ALEXANDER WILSON RUSSELL 

Was born in Franklin county, Kentucky, on Benson creek, about three 
miles from Frankfort, the capital of the State. His father, James Rus- 
sell, was one of the most respectable farmers of that section of country, 
and was also the father of Captain John Russell (recently deceased), 
well known as one of the first and most efficient steamboat captains on 
the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. 

Alexander W. Russell, as stated in another sketch, came to Indian- 
apolis in May, 1821, being the first white man that had ascended White 
river thus far in a keel-boat. It was not Mr. Russell's intention, for 
some time after he came here, to make it his permanent place of resi- 
dence ; but he immediately found employment in assisting to lay off the 
town. After that was completed he returned to Kentucky, and during 
the next winter concluded to make this place his residence. At that 
time he was quite young, and with but little experience, but had a very 
popular manner and way of making every person like him. In addition 
to this, he was a very fine performer on the ''fiddle," which added 
greatly to his usefulness in the new country, as no log-rolling, house- 
raising or quilting could well afford to dispense with the services of 
Aleck Russell (for he was not yet known as Major or Colonel, as he 
afterwards was). He was always on hand at Helvey's, on the school 
section, or old Jim McCoy's near Broad Ripple; and no "gathering" 
of any kind would be complete until he had "entered an appearance." 
The first office, I believe, he was a candidate for and elected to, was 
that of " Major," which title he was called by for several years ; then 
after the retirement of Mr. Hervey Bates, he was elected second sheriff 
of the county, which office he held the constitutional limit (two terms), 
and held the same office several times afterwards. He was elected to 
the office of militia colonel, and continued as such until the office died 
out for want of military spirit in the people to keep it up. 

Colonel Russell was commissioned by Governor Noah Noble, the 
latter part of May, 1832, to raise three hundred volunteer militia, and 
proceed without delay to the seat of the Black Hawk or Indian War of 
that year, which he did ; and the very fact that Russell was to be the 



30 



SJ-: ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



commander-in-chief induced many to join the bloody expedition who 
otherwise would have remained at home. This expedition, it will be 
remembered, was composed of the best citizens of this and adjoining 
counties, who were to arm and equip themselvs — horses, rifles and 
camp equipage — all at their own expense — and report in companies 
to Colonel Russell as soon as full. This was accomplished in a 
few days, and all ready for marching orders. Their camp or rendez- 
vous was on the high ground just beyond West, on the right side of 
Washington street. 

Well do I remember the Sunday morning their long train of three 
hundred mounted men, reaching from their encampment to the corner 
of Pennsylvania street (where they turned north), wound their way 
along Washington ; the many tears that were shed by loving wives and 
disconsolate mothers, as they took (as they supposed) a last long look 
at their friends, who were rushing to meet the "bloody Injuns," and 
offer their lives as a sacrifice upon the altar of their country. Well do 
I remember the tin-horn, about six feet in length, out of which was 
blown the most doleful noise that ever reached the ears of man ; the 
only wonder to me was that the man, instead of blowing such a noise 
out of the horn, had not blown his own brains out. 

Most conspicuous among this self-sacrificing band of patriots, if not 
martyrs, was General James P. Drake, Arthur St. Clair, Stoughton A. 
Fletcher, Judge Elisha M. Huntington, S. V. B. Noel, General Robert 
Hanna, John Tracy, Captain John Wishard, Matthais T. Nowland, 
Captain Alexander Wiley, Robert McPherson ; and last, though by no 
means least, was Colonel Russell himself, and his worthy superior officer. 
Governor Noble. 

This expedition lasted just three weeks, and terminated on the 
third of July; on the fourth they were tendered and accepted a public 
dinner given by the citizens at Washington Hall. Out of the thirteen 
named above there are but five living, and I have no doubt they often 
recur to the many pleasing and amusing incidents of that campaign of 
the "bloody three hundred." 

Colonel Russell was for many years a successful business man and 
merchant — was a stockholder in and director of the Branch Bank, also 
in Washington Hall. He was appointed postmaster under General 
Taylor's administration, and died while in that office, in 1S52. 

There are many anecdotes of the Colonel extant. His clerks used 
to say of him that he would sell a man a pound of tobacco, and before 
the man would leave the counter ask him for a chew ; such was his 



JERR \ JOHNSON. 3 I 

habit, he would ask him for it when he really did not want it. No man 
ever lived in Marion county that enjoyed the confidence of the people 
more than he did, and none ever died more regretted. He was of a 
cheerful and hopeful disposition, and his every act showed his kindness 
of heart and devotion to his friends. 

Mr. Russell was an ardent and enthusiastic Whig of the old school — 
a warm personal friend of the late John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky ; 
indeed, as he was of every person to whom he was attached. Like 
many others, he had one fault — he never learned how to use the word 
" No," and consequently injured himself by security, although he owned 
at the time of his death considerable property. 

He left several children, all of whom seemed to inherit his many 
good qualities of both head and heart. 

As Colonel Russell's name is identified with the history of Indi- 
anapolis for the first thirty-two years, I shall have occasion to refer to 
it often. 

JERRY JOHNSON. 

This singular and eccentric individual came from the Whitewater 
country, with his father's family, in the winter of 1820-21. They set- 
tled on a piece of land they afterwards bought adjoining the donation, 
on the north side, opposite "Camp Morton," the present Fair Ground. 

A neighbor of theirs "Old Billy Reagin," had two beautiful 
daughters (his only children), Miss Rachel, the eldest, and Miss Dovey, 
the younger, /oung Jerry was not slow in discovering that " Miss 
Rachel was the purtiest critter his two eyes ever seed ;" and, said Jerry, 
' ' I detarmined from the moment I first seed her, to have her, or die 
a-trying." 

Jerry pressed his suit with all the ardor of his youthful passion, and 
soon won the heart and promise of the hand of the beautiful Rachel. 
There were other troubles to be surmounted of a more formidable 
nature — the county was not yet organized, and no person authorized to 
issue the necessary legal document to make the contract between him 
and Rachel binding, and consummate his happiness for life. The nearest 
point where the necessary license could be procured was Connersville, 
about sixty miles distant, and through an unbroken wilderness. Another 
circumstance made Mr. Johnson's trouble still greater; it was in the 
spring time of year, and his father could not spare him a horse from the 
plow. All these difficulties seemed to nerve rather than depress the 
spirits of Mr. Johnson. He well knew the danger of delay in such 



32 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



affairs, and fearful if he should wait for a horse, some other swain might 
woo and win the heart of the fair Rachel, which he wished to claim as 
quick as possible for his own. With a determination worthy of the cause 
in which he was engaged, he at once set out to "do or die," and started 
on foot, and barefoot at that, to make the journey alone. He accom- 
plished his journey, and returned to find other difficulties, which, if not 
so laborious, were equally disheartening, and calculated to make him 
believe that fate was against him. There was no magistrate yet ap- 
pointed for the county, nor was there a minister authorized to tie the 
legal knot, and make them Mr. and Mrs. Johnson ; so poor Jerry had 
to wait six long weeks, principally in the month of April, for a preacher 
to come and make him the happiest man in the New Purchase, and 
Rachel, as she was (like the goose that hung high), " altogether lovely." 
So ended the first courtship or wedding in or near Indianapolis. 

There are many anecdotes of Mr. Johnson yet fresh in the minds of 
our old citizens. He was an ardent Whig, and took great interest in 
the elections during the existence of that party. 

The first returns of a Presidential election received in this place by 
telegraph was in the year 1848, when Generals Taylor and Cass were 
the candidates. He remained in the telegraph office until a late hour 
of the night, to hear the dispatches read as they were severally received. 
Addressing himself to the writer, "Wall, John, has old Jerry lived 
to see the day when a streak of lightning can be made to run along a 
clothes line, jist like some tarnal wild varmint along a worm fence, and 
carry nuse from one eend of the yearth to the tother ? What would old 
Jim McCoy say if he wor here to see the nuse come in this way ? He'd 
say, ' 'twan't slow for ten steps, boys ; let's have something to drink. 
Landis, bring us some peach and honey. Whar's Russell, with his 
fiddle ? and we'll have a reg'lar hoe-down, so we will! " 

In the fall of 1847 there were several thousand persons assembled 
at the Madison depot to witness the arrival of the first locomotive and 
train of cars that ever came to Indianapolis. Mr. Johnson was stand- 
ing on a pile of lumber elevated above the rest of the crowd. As the 
locomotive hove in sight, he cried out, at the top of his voice, "Look 
out, boys; here she comes, h — 11 on wheels." As the train stopped, 
he approached the locomotive ; said he, " Well, well, who ever seed 
such a tarnal critter? It's wus nor anytliing I ever hearn on. Good 
Lord, John, what's this world gwine to come to? " 

Mr. Johnson died about the year 1852. His wife survived him but a 
short time. His only child, a son, has since died. He was an upright, 




CABIN OF MATTHIAS R. NOWLAND-A SCENE ON WASHINGTON ST., OCT. 9, 1S21. 



MA TTHIAS R. NO IVLAND. 



33 



honest man, with many good traits of character. Although a rough, 
uncouth man in his manners, he possessed a kind and generous heart, 
ever ready to do a neighbor a kindness or favor. His house was 
always open to the unfortunate or wayfaring stranger, without monej- 
and without price. Such was Jerry Johnson, a fair specimen of the 
hospitality, generosity and frankness that characterized the early inhab- 
itants of Indianapolis, when our selfish nature and the love of power 
and place had not assumed the entire control of our actions, and money 
was not the standard by which our characters were weighed. 

There are many yet living that will attest the correctness and truth 
fulness (if not the elegance) of this short sketch of an " old settler." 

MATTHIAS R. NOWLAND 

Was a native of Delaware, born at Dover, the capital, in the year 17S7. 
When quite young, with the family of his father, he emigrated to Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio, where he remained until he had attained his majority. He 
then went to Frankfort, Kentucky, and shortly after his arrival there 
was married to Miss Elizabeth Byrne, in after years as well, if not more 
generally, known through Indiana as any lady in it. Who that ever 
visited Indianapolis, from its beginning to 1856, has not heard of Mrs. 
Nowland ? 

In Frankfort he engaged in active business, and was quite successful 
during his sojourn there, about fourteen years, and until his removal to 
this place, the "New Purchase," in 1820. He was a quiet, unobtrusive 
man, content to attend to his own business and let others do the same ; 
was about the only person at the first settlement of this place who was 
not a candidate for office, although he was appointed by Mr. Bates, the 
sheriff, judge of the first election in the new county, that took place in' 
1822, the first and only office he ever held. In February he returned 
to Kentucky and induced several families to emigrate and help swell the 
population. In the meantime the two young men he had brought here 
were busy in clearing the common field, and preparing for a crop the 
coming season. 

After his return from Kentucky he engaged in making sugar in an 
old Indian sugar camp at the southeast end of Virginia avenue. Many 
of the sugar trees that he opened are yet standing. He and myself 
were there mostly alone, especially at night. That was a very fine sea- 
son for the manufacture of sugar, the season lasting until April, which 
3 



34 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



was very unusual in after years. In the short time he attended to this 
business he reah'zed over six hundred pounds of beautiful sugar and a 
considerable quantity of the finest molasses; 

" Which shovvec] he rightly understood 
The art, and in this western wood 
He scooped the primal sugar-trough, 
And presided at the ' slirn'ng-off.' 
He knew every labor, every joy. 
When quite alone with his rustic boy. 
He looked through winter, when March would bring 
The sugar-making and the spring." 

The events of the summer of 1S21 are already recorded in another 
chapter. 

The agent of the State had set apart three outlets, of about three 
acres each, to sell to such persons as wished to make brick. One of 
these, situated at what was then the east end of Washington street, be- 
tween East and Liberty, and Washington and Market, he purchased ; 
and here, in 1822, he made the first kiln of brick that was made in the 
New Purchase, the debris of which may be seen at this time. Working 
very hard, and taking cold at this brickyard, caused the disease that ter- 
minated his life, on the nth of November, 1822. 

However much the stroke of death may be expected, it never comes 
without a violent shock to our feelings. I well remember 

" His farewell look, with Christian hope 
Shone as purely, calmly bright. 
Alas, when it vanished the night came down, 
And my poor lone heart no more might own 
A father's guiding light." 

Before his death he had selected a warm sunny knoll for his future 
resting place, and received the promise that the hand of affection should 
often render kind offices to his memory, and for thirty-two years was 
the pledge faithfully kept by the companion of his bosom. 

He had purchased a number of lots at the sale, and had paid the 
first and second payments, which had to be forfeited in consequence of 
his death. 

The expense incurred in the making of brick, and the loss on the 
keel-boat and produce speculation, had exhausted his means, which left 
his family in a quite helpless condition. But thanks to the old citizens 
who so generously helped us in our time of need, among whom were 



THE WHETZEL FAMILY. 



35 



Calvin Fletcher, Jacob Landis, Isaac Wilson, Daniel Yandes, James 
Blake, and many others. 

Although they, too, were poor, their countenance and advice to a 
family in our situation and without experience was valuable, and was 
remembered by my mother so long as she lived. 

1333103 

THE WHETZEL FAMILY. 

Fifty years ago, I suppose, there was no family so well known 
throughout the entire west as that of the Whetzel family, consisting of 
five brothers, Martin, George, Lewis, Jacob and John. They, or most 
of them, were born in the Shenandoah valley, but with their father, 
John Whetzel, emigrated to Ohio county, Virginia, in the year 1769, 
and settled about twelve miles from Wheeling, and near where the Clay 
monument, which was erected by their cousin, Moses Shepherd, now 
stands. It was here the Whetzels called home (although their home 
proper was the woods, or on the track of marauding bands of Indians); 
this, at least, was the residence of their families, and their place of 
meeting and rendezvous, where were planned their expeditions against 
me hostile savage. The different expeditions of Lewis, the third brother, 
and Jacob, the fourth, are pretty generally known to the reading world. 

It is with Jacob, who settled on Whitewater river in the year 181 r, 
and his son Cyrus, now living near this city, I shall conhne what I have 
to say. During the time the white inhabitants of that part of Virginia, 
now known as Ohio county, were living in a fort, near Wheeling, a 
turkey was heard to call every morning, about daylight, across a ravine, 
and about two hundred yards from the fort. One of the men went out 
one morning and never returned, which created suspicion in the mind 
of Mr. Whetzel that the turkey might be something else. He knew 
of a fissure in the rocks near where the sound of the turkey-call pro- 
ceeded, and the next night informed his comrades that he was going to 
solve the turkey mystery. Accordingly in the night he secreted him- 
self in this place, and awaited patiently the coming of day, as well zi> 
the call of the turkey. Just about daylight he heard the call, which 
proceeded from a tree-top just above where he was concealed, and 
within shooting distance. He patiently awaited the time when it should 
be sufficiently light for him to make no mistake of the kind of game he 
was seeking. After waiting about half an hour he plainly saw the form 
of a tall, well-proportioned Indian rise from his seat in the fork of the 
tree, and watching closely the path that led from the fort. Just at this 



36 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

time Mr. Whetzel took a sure and deadly aim, and down came the tur- 
key in the shape of a large and athletic Indian, which he scalped as 
quickly as possible, ai^d returned to the fort, lest the crack of his trusty 
rifle might bring the comrades of said turkey. Although this was not 
the last turkey in the woods, it had the effect to stop their gobbling for 
a while. 

After Ohio county was organized he was elected a magistrate, and 
thMi, in turn, as was the custom and law that the oldest magistrate 
should be sheriff and collector of the revenue, he became sheriff, and, 
through dishonest deputies and other causes, became involved, and, 
eventually, quite poor. He resolved, in i8oS, to emigrate farther west, 
and settled in Boone county, Kentucky, where he resided until 1811, 
when he settled near where Laurel, Franklin county, now is, living there 
until he settled near the bluffs of White river. 

In the year 18 18 he visited the old Delaware chief, Anderson, at his 
village on White river, where Andersontown, Madison county, now 
stands, for the purpose of obtaining permission to cut a trace from his 
residence on Whitewater to the bluffs of White river, which was granted. 
Accordingly he and his son Cyrus, with some hired hands, cut the 
trace that summer. The next spring, 18 19, he and his son came out 
and raised a crop, moving his family in the fall to the farm his son now 
lives on. This trace commenced, as I said before, at his residence in 
Franklin county, crossed Flat Rock about seven miles below Rushville, 
Blue river about four miles above Shelbyville, and where a village called 
Marion now stands ; and Sugar creek near Boggstown ; thence near 
where Greenwood now stands, to the bluffs. This was the main 
thoroughfare for some time, to and from the settlement. 

On this trace and near where it crossed Flat Rock, an Indian named 
" Big Buffalo" was butchered by his comrades, in the summer of 18 19. 
" Buffalo" had, twelve moons before, killed an Indian called "Old Sol- 
omon." The usual time of twelve moons was given him, to either pay 
one hundred dollars, one hundred buckskins, or forfeit his life. The 
band were encamped at this place when the time expired, and he was 
accordingly butchered and left lying in the trace, and was buried by 
some whites who found him. 

In the fall of 18 19 a party of Indians visited Mr. Whetzel at his 
house, one of whom was a very large and powerful man, named 
"Nosey," from the fact that he had lost a part of his nose. This 
Indian proposed shooting at a mark with Mr. Whetzel's son, Cyrus. 
The young man beat him very badly ; but soon discovering that the 



THE WHETZEL FAMIL\ 



37 



Indian was very angry, and disposed to be quarrelsome about it, young 
Whetzel proposed to shoot again, letting the Indian beat him as badly 
as he had previously beaten the Indian, which had the effect of pacify- 
ing him, at least for a while. The Indians then left Mr. Whetzel's 
cabin, and had gone only about two miles when " Nosey" killed one of 
his comrades. It was supposed the anger engendered by being beaten 
by Mr. Whetzel's son had not yet cooled. "Nosey" was also given 
the usual twelve moons to pay the price of life, which he had failed to 
do, and in the fall of 1820 (about the time the writer of this came to 
Indianapolis, for I remember that the cruel manner of the butchery^ was 
talked about), " Nosey " was killed by the friends of the man he had 
murdered. At the expiration of the twelve moons he gave himself up. 
He was taken to a tree, his arms drawn up to a Hmb, his legs parted, 
his ankles fastened to stakes driven in the ground, and then he was stab- 
bed under the arms and in the groin with a butcher-knife, and tortured 
in other ways until life was extinct. 

In the spring of 1820 the body of a man was found about one and a 
half miles above the bluffs, and a man by the name of Ladd was sus- 
pected of the murder. He was arrested by a set of desperate men, who 
had banded together, styling themselves "Regulators"; but he was 
soon released, as there was not a shadow of evidence against him. He 
then sued the men for false imprisonment, and they were taken to Con- 
nersville for trial. This was the first case of litigation in the "New 
Purchase," and a very expensive one it proved, as the case occupied 
some time, resulting finally in the plaintiff getting nominal damages. 
This man, no doubt, was murdered by a desperate and notorious Dela- 
ware named Hiram Lewis, as the Indian was in possession of his horse, 
saddle and bridle, pistol, and a red morocco pocketbook, containing 
some money on the Vincennes Steam Mill Company. 

In the Indianapolis Journal, of the 3d of July, 1827, I find the death 
of Jacob Whetzel announced as taking place on the 2d instant. The 
Journal says : 

" Captain Whetzel emigrated to tlie western part of Virginia when but a very small 
boy, and took a very active part in all the Indian wars in the west of Pennsylvania, Vir- 
ginia, and what is now the State of Ohio, and carried many testimonials of his bravery, 
in the numerous wounds he received in the various combats with the savage foe. 

"While in the army, under Generals Harrison and St. Clair, and several other com- 
manders, he performed very laborious duties, and rendered signal service as a spy, which 
duties he preferred, and for which he was most admirably adapted by his former life." 

He left a numerous and respectable family to mourn their loss. 



38 SKETCHES OF PROMINEA'T CITIZENS. 

The writer, although young at the time of Mr. Whetzel's death, re- 
members him very distinctly as a square-built, broad-shouldered, mus- 
cular and powerful man, five feet eleven inches in height, about two 
hundred and fifty pounds in weight, without any surplus flesh, but a 
fair proportion for such a frame. He died at the age of sixty-three. 

Of his seven children, five daughters and two sons, but two are liv- 
ing; his eldest son, Cyrus, and youngest daughter, Emily, now the 
wife of one of our most respected citizens, William H. Pinny, Esq. 
Cyrus Whetzel was born on the first day of December, 1800, in Ohio 
couqty, Virginia, and is now one of the few living that belonged to 
the eighteenth century. Before age began to tell on him he was as 
straight as an arrow, full six feet in height, hair as black as the raven, 
with an eye equally black and as keen as a hawk. As has been said 
before, he came to where he now resides ( near Waverly, in Morgan 
county) with his father, in the spring of 18 19, and has resided there, 
on his father's old farm, ever since. He has been very prosperous and 
has accumulated a fortune, not by speculation of any kind, but by in- 
dustry and economy ; in fact, he literally dug it out of the ground, and 
now owns several of the finest cultivated as well as largest farms in the 
White river valley. 

I visited him a few days since at his farm, as has been my wont to 
do for near fifty years, and was shown in one pasture fifty bullocks 
ready for the butcher's block, the lightest of which would weigh at 
least twelve hundred pounds ; indeed, I do not think there is a better 
stocked farm, for its number of acres (about five hundred), in the State 
of Indiana, if in the entire great West. 

He is a man of very general information, warm and devoted in 
friendship, has represented his county in the lower branch of the legis- 
lature, was a good and efficient member, was an old line Whig, and 
most sincerely devoted to the party and its measures, and, with the 
most of his associates in politics, when the party was disbanded, went 
into the Republican ranks, and during the rebellion was a strong Union 
man, and advocated the prosecution of the war with great warmth and 
zeal. The only one of his household capable of bearing arms was his 
son-in-law, the husband of his only daughter, Wm. N. McKenzie, who 
volunteered the first year, and served three years ; was taken prisoner, 
and a portion of the time served in Libby Prison, at Richmond, Vir- 
ginia. There is no man more respected among his numerous friends and 
acquaintances than Cyrus Whetzel. He is well known in this city, 
which has been his principal trading-place since the first log cabin trad- 



;t^^^g,— ,_ 





v/a 



JAMES BLAKE. 4 1 

ing-house was established here, in the winter of 1821. He is a man of 
great firmness and determination, and no person can mistake the ground 
he occupies on any subject after conversing with him five minutes. He 
advocates his opinions with great earnestness and fervor, and is never 
at a loss for language to make himself distinctly understood. 

His hospitality is as generally and favorably known as that of any 
man in the State; his house has been the stopping place for public men 
and politicians of all parties, in their electioneering tours, for nearly fifty 
years, all of whom have received kind and courteous treatment at his 
hands, and from his estimable lady, now deceased. From his door no 
weary traveler was ever turned away hungry, no beggar empty-handed, 
no friend without an invitation to " call again." 

As he is one of the links that connect the past with the present gen- 
eration, so is he of many pleasing reminiscences connecting the past 
with the present. And when he shall be taken from among the living 
the country will have lost one of its best men, this city one of its most 
liberal patrons, his children a kind and indulgent father, and the writer, 
if living, a warm personal friend. 

Since the above was written and published in the " Early Reminis- 
cences of Indianapolis, " Mr. Whetzel died suddenly of heart disease, in 
December, 1871, since which time his sonin-law, William N. McKenzie, 
has conducted the business for the benefit of the heirs in a manner that 
has advanced their interest very materially. The McKenzie farm, or 
farms, as they are now known, are the model farms of the State. Mr. 
McKenzie is from the land of Robert Burns, and a great admirer of the 
Scotch bard. He is a man of fine intellect, and coupled with the fact 
that he is a great reader, renders him an agreeable and entertaining com- 
panion and a fit representative of the once hospitable proprietor. Long 
may he live to emulate the example of his worthy father-in-law. 

JAMES BLAKE. 

When I come to write of this venerable and good man, I am carried 
back in memory nearly half a century, to my childhood's tender years, 
when he, as my Sabbath school teacher, taught me to lisp the A, B, C, 
at the school first organized and kept in Caleb Scudder's cabinet-shop, 
on the south side of the State House square, in the year 1823. Mr. 
Blake came to this place on the 25th day of July 1821. A single man, 
but rather on the bachelor order, he soon became a great gallant of, and 



42 



SA'ETCHES OF FROMIjVE.VT CITIZENS. 



a favorite with, the young ladies and belles of the day. The late Calvin 
Fletcher told many anecdotes of his early gallantry. 

He was an inmate of my father's family soon after his arrival here. 
The first year of his residence nearly every person was down with fever 
and ague. Indeed, in many families there was hardly one able to hand 
another a drink of water. It was a time just such a man as Mr. Blake 
was useful, although shaking nearly every other day himself with ague. 
He would femploy the well days in gathering the new corn and grating 
it on a horse-radish grater into meal to make mush for the convalescent. 
Indeed, our family, as well as others, would have suffered for food had 
it not been for his kind offices in this way, not only because the mush 
made from the new corn was more palatable, but the old could not be 
got, as there were no mills nearer than Good Landers, on the White- 
water river. 

Mr. Blake has ever been hand-in-hand with Mr. James M. Ray, Dr. 
Isaac Cox, and others, in all the benevolent and charitable associations 
of the day, as well as such public enterprises as would be beneficial and 
calculated to add to the prosperity of the place. He was never osten- 
tatious in his acts of charity, many of which were unknown to all save 
himself and the recipient. 

I have known him to provide for the wife and family of an intem- 
perate man (who had deserted them) for some time, until they were 
able to take care of and provide for themselves. This circumstance had 
slipped my memory entirely until reminded of it a short time since by 
the man himself 

During the time there was so much sickness in the summer of 182 1, 
my father was suffering for water, and no one able to draw a bucket. 
He crept to the door of the cabin and saw a man passing. He beckoned 
to him and requested him to draw a bucket of water. "Where is your 
friend Blake," the man inquired. "He, too, was taken sick this morn- 
ing," was the answer. "What on earth are the people to do now?" 
said the man. " God had spared him to take care of the people ; they 
would now suffer as they never had before." 

He acted upon the precepts of the Bible, and did good and dispensed 
his blessings as he went along. The first house of worship I ever at- 
tended in this place he was there, a young man in the pride and strength 
of manhood, and in the last (at this writing), where the Rev. Mr. 
Hammond was officiating, I saw him with his religious zeal unabated, 
although the frosts of forty-eight additional winters have fallen heavily 
upon and whitened his head. It was a silent but impressive rebuke to 



JAMES BLAKE. 4, 

the writer of this humble tribute to his many virtues. It will require 
no flowers strewn upon his grave to make his memory fresh in the 
minds of his many friends, who will rather bedew it with their tears. 

The late Calvin Fletcher told an anecdote of him. Mr. Blake had 
employed a young lady, of the upper ten of that day, to make him a 
pair of pantaloons. They were finished and sent home. On examina- 
tion they were found all right, except that the waistband buttons were 
sewed on the wrong side. He showed them to Mr. Fletcher, who told 
him "the young lady intended he should wear them as ' ' Paddy from 
Cork " did his coat, /. e., buttoned up behind. 

Mr. Blake was one of the company that built the first steam mill in 
this place. He brought the first piano and the first pleasure carriage. 
It was a two-horse barouche, with leather springs hung over steel, which 
he drove through from Baltimore with his bride the same year. He 
was the president of the first State Board of Agriculture, organized in 
1835. Was a partner with Samuel Henderson in Washington Hall. 
He afterwards founded Blakesburg, in Putnam county. He established 
a factory for clarifying ginseng, buying the article in different parts of 
the State, and shipping it east in large quantities. He was one of the 
foremost in establishing the present rolling-mill. He was the first to 
propose the celebration of the Fourth of July by the different Sunday 
schools, and was the marshal of the different processions as long as the 
custom was kept up — thirty years. Indeed, there are but few enter- 
prises, either public or private, that he is not identified with. 

Although he has had a goodly share of earthly prosperity he has 
never been avaricious, but used the means God placed in his hands to 
accomplish good, thereby laying up treasure where thieves could not 
reach it, nor moth nor rust destroy. 

•'Thus to relieve the wretched was his pride. 
And e'en his failings leaned to virtue's side ; 
But in his duty, prompt at every call, 
He watched, and wept, and prayed for all." 

Such is James Blake, one of the first settlers of Indianapolis. 

Mr. Blake died on the loth of November, 1870, and had one of the 
largest funerals ever witnessed in Indianapolis. No man ever lived 
more esteemed by our- citizens or died more regretted. Mrs. Blake and 
three sons, James, John and William, are yet citizens of the city. The 
reader can form an idea of the true character of Mr. Blake by the 
venerable looking portrait that accompanies this sketch. 



44 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

FISH, GAME AND SKUNKS. 

At the time of which I am now writing (1821) White river abounded 
with fish of great variety and choice quality. Its waters were as clear 
as crystal, and the fish could be seen at the bottom in shoals, and a 
person could almost select from the number and capture any one de- 
sired. If a minnow was cast into the stream, a number of bass would 
dart at it at once. The people from "in yonder on Whitewater" 
came out in the fall, when the weather began to get cool, with seines ; 
and, provided with salt and barrels, would load their wagons in a short 
time with the finest — the refuse would be left upon the bank, or given 
to the settlers to feed their hogs. 

The river abounded with a fish called gar, which was unfit for any- 
thing but feeding hogs. John McCormack, with a gig or spear, would 
load a canoe with them in a short time, sufficient to keep his hogs sev- 
eral days. 

When the river was frozen over people would supply themselves 
with fish, when they would find them up next to the ice, by striking on 
the ice over them, which would stun them until a hole could be cut and 
the fish taken out. After the day's work was over, my father often, 
with hook and line, would catch enough to supply our family for sev- 
eral days. 

Fish were not the only game taken from White river at that day. 
The more substantial and valuable was the fine fat deer with which the 
forest abounded, and most generally taken at night in the river. The 
process was called "fire-hunting." In warm weather the deer would 
wade in the shallow water at night, to get the long grass and cool them- 
selves, and could be approached very near, at least near enough to 
make sure of one of them. The bow of a canoe would be filled with 
dirt in such a way as to prevent any damage to the craft by the fire 
which would be made on it. The motive power would be a person in 
the stern of the canoe, who understood the business and the use of the 
paddle. The hunter would stand just behind the fire, and completely 
hid from the view of the animal, which would be almost blinded by the 
light. In this way I have known two persons to take several in one 
night. Just opposite the mouth of Fall creek was a great resort for 
deer, and they could be found there at almost any time in the night. 

When the squirrels were emigrating, which was nearly every fall, 
they could be taken in the river without trouble. So the reader will see 



FISH, GAME AND SKUNKS. 45 

that White river furnished a bountiful supply of the finest game that 
was ever set before an epicure. 

Nor was this all ; the woods were filled with turkeys as " slick and 
fat" as Henry Clay's negroes (see his reply to Mendenhall). Although 
they were rather harder to capture than the deer in this way, yet they 
could always be taken by a hunter that understood the business ; in- 
deed, I have known the hunter to sit behind a log and call them within 
ten steps, near enough to select the largest and finest of the number. 

Among the most successful hunters was Mr. Nathaniel Cox, who 
never failed to have his larder and that of his friends well stored with 
the choicest game of the woods. 

In the year 1825, and during the session of the Legislature, a fine 
turkey was shot from the top of Hawkins' Tavern. A flock had been 
scared in the north part of town ; two lit on the house, one of which was 
killed. It was no uncommon thing, about the years 1846-47, for tur- 
keys to be killed on the northern part of the Donation. About this 
time a bear was killed near where the Exposition building now is. 

In 1837, ^ panther or catamount, measuring nine feet from the nose 
to the tip of its tail, was killed by Zachariah Collins on Fall creek, near 
Millersville. In earlier years one frequented the island opposite the 
graveyard, and was often heard to halloo at night ; that deterred some 
from pasturing their horses there on Sundays. 

Another kind of game was plenty, but of no value to the white 
man — the porcupine. The quills with which its back was covered were 
very sharp ; and I have often seen the mouths of dogs that caught them 
filled full, which gave them great pain, and they had to be drawn out 
with tweezers or bullet-moulds. These quills the Indians valued highly, 
as they were useful to them for ornamenting their moccasins and other 
handiwork of the squaws. 

There was another animal that the dogs never failed to let it be 
known when they met with them in the woods ; although they were 
not so plenty as the others, a few of them would go a great ways, and 
generally supply the neighborhood with all they required, and when 
one was killed either by dogs or hunter there was plenty to go around. 
This animal was known by the name of skunk, or generally, by the 
settlers, as pole-cat ; and many was the laugh and jest at its expense. 
In the summer of 1821, a young man from Kentucky, named Mancher, 
visited his brother-in-la\<r, Robert Wilmot. While in the woods he met 
one, and thought it a very pretty thing to take to Kentucky with him 
as a pet. He tried to capture it alive ; butthe first fire from the form- 



^6 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

idable battery of the animal convinced hinn that it was useless to attempt 
to take him to Kentucky, unless he had a larger supply of emi de Cologne 
on hand than could be purchased in this market. He concluded to not 
cultivate the acquaintance of the pretty creature any further, although 
his friends well knew when he returned to the house that he had 
made it. 

Those persons who had not the time or inclination to hunt could 
procure game at almost nominal prices from the Indians. A saddle of 
venison for twenty-five cents; fine fat turkeys, of the largest kind, for 
twelve and a half cents, or three for a quarter ; indeed, the Indians were 
not very close traders, and would take almost anything offered them, 
especially if it was paid in trinkets or brass jewelry of any kind. 

Turkeys were often caught by means of pens constructed for the 
purpose — a small log pen, about eight feet in length and four wide, 
made of poles, something like a cabin, and covered tight. A trench 
was dug about fifteen feet long, and leading under the bottom log into 
the pen. This trench was of sufficient depth to admit the largest sized 
turkey. Corn or other grain was scattered along the trench, and 
into the pen. The turkey would feed along with his head down until 
inside before he was aware of it. He would never think of going out 
the way he came in, but seek egress from the top. I have known five 
or six found in a pen at one time. 



MAJOR THOMAS CARTER. 

The reader will readily perceive that the first and old " settlers " of 
Indianapolis were generally men of distinction, if we should judge by 
the handle or title prefixed to their names, especially in the military 
line. There were none of the lower grades — but few less than a major; 
colonels and generals we had without number, although military honors 
were not so cheap as at the present day. 

Major Carter was a major in every sense of the word. He was what 
John Givens called a forty-gallon Baptist. He was more conscientious 
about every other vice than that of drinking, yet he did not indulge in 
the use of the ardent to excess himself. He thought it much more 
excusable in a person to take a "wee drap of the critter" now and then 
than it would be to dance, sing worldly songs or play the fiddle. He 
had a perfect horror of fiddles, and thought the devil incarnate lay in 
the bowels of one. Under no circumstances would he allow one about 
his house. 



MAJOR THOMAS CARTER. 47 

Major Carter was about the first to start a tavern in Indianapolis. 
He built a double cabin on Berry's trace, early in 1821, and called it a 
tavern. This cabin lay between Washington and Market streets, just 
east of Illinois. Subsequently he built the " Rosebush," just in front of 
the log house, on Washington street. The " Rosebush " was a one and 
a half story frame building, and, at that day, made a very imposing ap- 
pearance. While at the "Rosebush" my father and mother took tea 
with the worthy major and his wife. The old lady always had an apol- 
ogy ready for any deficiency of variety on the table. On this occasion 
she "was out of all kinds of garden sass except ham and eggs," and 
the only fruit she could get was "dried pumpkins." 

Mr. Carter did not remain long at the " Rosebush," but built a third 
tavern on Washington street, opposite the Court House. Here he was 
very unfortunate. About two weeks after the Legislature convened, in 
January, 1825, this house burned. It took fire from a keg of ashes, 
about nine o'clock at night, and was burned entirely to the ground. 

In the spring he purchased a two-story frame house of Jacob R. 
Crumbaugh, that stood on Washington street, west of the canal. This 
house he moved along Washington street to the site of the burned 
building. The removal of this building occupied several weeks, and 
caused more stumps and logs to be burned and removed from the street 
than ai^ything that had yet happened. In this last house the Major 
continued some time and seemed to prosper. This house in after years 
was, perhaps, the scene of more ludicrous incidents than any other house 
in town. After Carter left it, it was kept by persons of both high and' 
low degree, among whom were John Hays, Jordan Vigus, Peter New- 
land, Pruett, and General Robert Hanna. It was at this house in which 
was held the first mechanics' ball in Indianapolis, and which created so 
much dissatisfaction at that time. There were no police officers then to 
keep down the uproarious, and on this occasion the dissatisfied parties 
behaved in a manner very detrimental to the furniture of the dining-room 
and glassware of the bar. 

At this house, when kept by Carter, the first theatrical performance 
took place in this city, an account of which I wrote some years since, 
and which was published in several papers in the State. In order to 
show Mr. Carter's aversion to fiddles I will copy it at the close of this 
sketch. While Governor Ray kept this house he had painted on one 
side of the sign, "Travelers' Ray House Cheap." On the reverse was 
"Travelers' Ray House Cash." It was while keeping this house the 
Governor made the prediction that there were then persons living who 



48 



"SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



would see the State checkered with railroads in all directions. It was 
in this house he proposed a plan for building a railroad from Charles- 
ton, South Carolina, to the Northern lakes. It was from this house 
emanated many projects of State policy that were ridiculed at the time, 
but which were afterwards adopted and successfully carried out. It was 
then thought they were the production of a disorganized and demented 
brain. Although not more than thirty-five years have elapsed since 
these predictions were made, our State is truly checkered over with 
railroads, with eleven entering into this city, and direct railroad com- 
munication from Charleston, South Carolina, with the Northern lakes, 
although the Governor's plan was not carried out in the construction of 
the roads. One of his plans was to cut the tops of the trees off in the 
valleys to bring them on a level with the hills, and run the track over 
them to save grading and excavation. 

While Mr. Carter kept this house, and "during the session of the 
Legislature, in the winter of 1825 to 1826, a stroUing player by the 
name of Crampton visited this place for the purpose of giving the deni- 
zens of the Hoosier metropolis the benefit of his entertainments of leg- 
erdemain, hocus pocus, etc. 

"As there was no public hall or room (as now) suitable for such 
an entertainment, he applied to the proprietor of the largest tavern in 
the place for the use of his dining-room. 

" Mr. Carter had no kind of objection to his having his dining-room 
for the purpose. But the shows that usually came into the 'settle- 
ments' always had music on the fiddle, and he could not think of suffer- 
ing the fiddle to be played in his house. 

"Mr. Crampton assured him that he (Crampton) was as much op- 
posed to the fiddle as Carter could possibly be, and that the only music 
he required or ever tolerated was the violin, and under no circumstances, 
should a fiddle be introduced at the performance. With this under- 
standing Carter consented to let him have the room. 

"Accordingly due notice was given that upon a certain evening 
Monsieur Crampton, just from Paris, would give a series of entertain- 
ments in the dining-room of Carter's Hotel. 

"Nothing more was wanting to congregate the entire popula- 
tion of Indianapolis within the walls of that room, about twenty by 
thirty feet in size. 

' 'AH things being ready the doors were opened, whereupon a well- 
known character named ' Bill Bagwell ' struck up the tune of ' Leather 
Breeches' upon the fiddle. 



DJi. LIVINGSTON DUN LA P. . ^q 

" But suddenly the entertainment, that but a few moments before 
bid so fair to go off without molestation, was brought to a dead halt. 
Mr. Carter appeared, cane in hand, and demanded that the music 
should be stopped ; that it was the understanding between him and 
Monsieur Crampton that there should be no music except on the violin. 

"Monsieur Crampton assured Mr. Carter that he was mistaken, as 
this was a violin he had brought with him from Paris. 

" ' No,' says Carter, ' I can't be mistaken, for Bill Bagwell can't play 
on anything else than 2. fiddle' 

" Bill speaking, says, 'Major, just bring in a bottle of Bayou Blue 
and see how I'll play on it. You are mistaken. Major; this is nothing 
but a violin. ' 

" Major Carter for a while seemed inexorable, but finally consented 
that, inasmuch as the cofigregation had assembled, he would permit the 
performance to go on with the fiddle if they would play nothing but 
Psalm tunes. ' But, ' says Carter, ' Bill Bagwell can't play Psalm tunes ; 
he never heard one, much less played one.' 

" Here he was again at fault, for Bill assured him he was raised at 
the 'Great Crossing,' in Kentucky, and that he then and there was a 
member in good standing in the Baptist church, and learned many 
Psalm tunes, and as an evidence of the truth of his assertions, struck up 
the tune of 'Jesus my all to heaven is gone.' 

' ' This, to Carter, was a clincher, and made all right. So the per- 
formance went on, and was closed with ' Yankee Doodle ' from the 
orchestra, by request. All seemed well pleased with the entertainment, 
and none more so than Mr. Carter himself, especially with that part of 
it under the immediate charge of Professor Bagwell. 

' ' Major Carter has long since been gathered to his fathers, and died 
in full hope of a blessed reunion with his friends hereafter. 

"The last the writer remembers to have seen of Bill Bagwell was on 
a coal boat at the Louisville wharf, playing the violin." 

DR. LIVINGSTON DUNLAP 

Came to this place in July or August, 1821, a young physician, in 
search of a location to commence the practice of his profession. He 
was from Cherry Valley, New York, where I think hewas born and raised. 
When he first arrived in this place he stopped at the house of Dr. 
Samuel G. Mitchell, who lived on the southwest corner of Washington 
and Tennessee streets, where the State offices now stand. The doctor 



so 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



was not long here when he had the most indubitable evidence that this 
was a first rate place for a physician. Not only the whole family with 
which he stayed were taken down with chills and fever, but himself, so 
bad he could neither render assistance to them nor they to him. In 
this situation my father found them one day when he called to see what 
he could do for them ; although our own family were nearly all sick, 
Mr. Blake and himself were still able to wait on them. My father at 
once proposed to take the doctor home with him. But how was he 
going to get him there? queried the doctor. " Take you on my back." 
was the answer ; which he did, something like the squaws carried their 
children or pappooses. 

The doctor remained an inmate of our house for some time. After 
he recovered, he rendered valuable service, not only to our family, but 
to those that were sick that fall. Physicians did not think their duty 
done when they merely had prescribed and given the necessary medi- 
cine (as now-a-days), but to their duties was added that of nurse. This 
portion the doctors performed well and cheerfully. 

If I were writing only for the eye of those that knew him during his 
long career of usefulness in after years, it would be unnecessary to say 
he stood at the head of his profession. He was for many years the 
leading physician in this place, and there were very few doubtful or dan- 
gerous cases in which he was not consulted by his brothers in the pro- 
fession. 

He was councilman of his ward in 1834, and for several years after. 
He was physician for the Deaf and Dumb Asylum for several years ; 
also one of the commissioners of the Insane Asylum. He was appointed 
postmaster by President Polk, in 1S45, and held the office until April, 
1849. ^^^ the duties of the different offices he held he discharged with 
credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of the public and his 
numerous friends of both political parties. 

Dr. Dunlap was a man of very warm feelings and friendship, and 
would go any length to serve a friend ; but if his displeasure was once 
incurred, and he had reason to believe his confidence had been misplaced, 
he would hardly ever forget it. Although he was not a revengeful man 
nor bore malice, he would steer clear of those whom he thought had 
mistreated him. 

He died in 1862, leaving a small family in very comfortable circum- 
stances, with some very fine city property. Of his three sons but one 
is now living, Dr. John M. Dunlap, of this city. James, his eldest son, 
a portrait painter, died in 1865. **• 



MATTHIAS T. NOiVLAND. 



MATTHIAS T. NOWLAND 



Was born in Frankfort, Kentucky, in 1807, and came with his family to 
this place. He was a fine English scholar, having enjoyed the benefit 
of the tutelage of the Hon. Amos Kendall. He possessed a great deal 
of native talent, and when grown up was a great wag, and enjoyed inno- 
cent sport, as will be seen before this sketch closes. 

At the death of my father he was the only one of the children capa- 
ble of rendering any assistance to my mother in the support of the 
family. 

In the year 1823, he engaged with Messrs. Smith & Bolton, proprie- 
tors of the " Indianapolis Gazette," the first and only paper published 
here at that time, to learn the printing business, reserving the privilege 
of boarding at home. At the end of one year he was sufficiently 
advanced to earn, and did receive, half wages. 

After he had obtained a pretty fair knowledge of the business, he 
went to Vincennes and took charge of a paper, of which the Hon. John 
Ewing was proprietor and editor, often, in the absence of the editor, 
doing his duties. 

After being in Vincennes one year (as he had engaged), he was per- 
suaded by a printer to accompany him to New Orleans, which he did. 
The second day after their arrival there he stood upon his comrade's 
coffin to keep it under water while the dirt was being thrown on, he 
having died of yellow fever. This silent but impressive admonition 
caused him to return home as quick as possible, and he found work 
with Messrs. Douglass & Maguire, in the office of the "Journal." 

About that time there was a kind of "jack-legged lawyer," as they 
were then called, here from Salvysa, Kentucky, named Eccles. This 
man was thrusting himself before the people on all occasions, for office. 
He talked so much about his former residence, and how he stood 
there. Mat gave him the sobriquet of "Salvysa." 

Salvysa was a candidate for the Legislature, and Governor Ray a 
candidate for re-election. Mat, with his quick perception, soon discov- 
ered a fine opening for the enjoyment of his peculiar passion, and 
became a candidate against Salvysa. Knowing him to be a very irrita- 
ble and passionate man, he set about getting up innocent charges 
against him. The first was that he thought it an insult to the people 
for a Kentucky lawyer, who, in his own State, was thought only fit for 
and did keep a " fancy horse," to offer himself to the intelligent citizens 
4 



52 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

of Indiana, especially to those of the capital of the State, to represent 
them in the Legislature. This had the desired effect to irritate Salvysa, 
who, in a very excited manner, asked a suspension of opinion until he 
should have time to disprove " the vile slander. " This gave Mat sev- 
eral weeks in which to enjoy this charge, for it took some time for Sal- 
vysa to send to Kentucky to get the necessary certificates ; but in due 
time they came. 

Salvysa, with great exultation, displayed a string of certificates three 
feet long to prove that he never was known to be in any such employ- 
ment while he lived in Kentucky; and that he (Salvysa) hoped that 
his opponent would publicly apologize for the "vile charge." This 
]Mat did by saying he had been mistaken ; it was not a horse, but a 
"Jackass" that Salvysa had kept in Kentucky, and that he defied the 
honorable Kentuckian, who had so insulted the people of Indiana, to 
disprove it. This was only the week before the election, and Salvysa 
knew he could not get a letter to Kentucky and an answer in less than 
three weeks, which excited him very much, and caused him to heap all 
kinds of imprecations on the head of Mat. 

While he had Salvysa going through the mill, he was not neglecting 
Governor Ray, but kept him busy clearing up charges. One charge 
against his Excellency was that, while traveling on a steamboat he reg- 
istered his name as "J. Brown Ray, Governor of the State of Indiana, 
and Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy thereof" Another 
was that, while on the steamboat, a servant placed a spittoon before 
him, and that the Governor told the servant if he did not take it away 
he would spit in it. The third charge was that the Governor, when he 
pardoned young Bridges at the falls of Fall creek, for the murder of the 
Indians, commanded young Bridges to stand up, and then addressed 
him in this way: "Sir, do you know in whose presence you stand?" 
Being answered in the negative, " You are charged by a jury of your 
countrymen with the murder of several innocent Indians. There are 
but two powers known to the laws of your country that can save you 
from hanging by the neck until you are dead. One is God Almighty, 
the Great Ruler of the Universe ; the other is James B. Ray — the lat- 
ter stands before you." With these charges he kept his Excellency in 
hot water all the time of the canvass, and would occasionally follow 
him to adjoining counties. 

Mat was one of the "bloody three hundred," and many anecdotes 
are told of him during that remarkable expedition. One of the com- 
pany to which he belonged was very chivalrous, always expressing a 



GOVERNORS OF INDIANA. 



53 



wish to meet and encounter hostile Indians, and was very free to 
express the opinion that the most of the company were afraid that they 
would meet an enemy. When encamped on the Calumet, a false alarm 
was given that the hostile Indians were advancing upon them, and pre- 
parations made for action. Mat took particular pains to hunt this man 
up, and found him concealed under the baggage wagon, and charged it 
on him, which furnished sport for the entire command during the bal- 
ance of the campaign. 

Mat was the first to learn the " art preservative of all arts " in Indi- 
anapolis, and the first to learn how to make the composition roller, then 
so little used by printers. He was a fine pressman, a correct and quick 
compositor ; in short, knew the whole routine of a printing office as 
well as any person of his day. He was a man of great vivacity and 
humor, ever ready for an innocent joke; very quick to detect and resent 
an intended insult or injury, and just as quick to forgive and forget it ; 
was liberal and confiding to a fault. 

He brought the first tame pigeons to this place, in 1824, which he 
carried on horseback from Frankfort, Kentucky, and from which sprung, 
no doubt, the myriads that now swarm and fly around the city. 

No man ever cast a line in White river that was more successful as 
an angler. This taste he inherited from his father, who was the first to 
introduce that fascinating amusement here, in June, 1820, and caught 
about the first bass with hook and line, at the mouth of Fall creek. 

He was a ready writer, a fair speaker, and possessed the faculty of 
attracting the attention of the people. He had his faults, but they 
were rather of the head than the heart. He died suddenly on the 
fourth of October, 1834, leaving many friends, and, I believe, no 
enemies. 

Thus passed away a generous-hearted young man, that might have 
been one of Indiana's brightest sons. 

GOVERNORS OF INDIANA 

FRO.M THE FORMATION OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY TO 1 8/6. 

Indiana was a component part and formed from the great North- 
western Territory, of which General Arthur St. Clair, of Ohio, was 
Military Governor. The first settlement in Indiana was by the French 
Jesuits, at Vincennes, in 1730. 

After Indiana was formed from the Northwestern Territory, in 1809, 



54 



SA'ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



General William H. Harrison, of Ohio, was appointed Military Gov- 
ernor, with power to negotiate treaties of peace with the hostile Indians, 
who were under the command and leadership of that wily Shawanee 
chieftain Tecumseh, who lived with his tribe on what is now known as 
the Shawanee prairie, a few miles below Lafayette on the Wabash river. 
General Harrison had his headquarters at Vincennes. It was there that 
Tecumseh, with a few chosen warriors, came in the spring of iSii, 
as they said to treat for peace, but their only object was to find out 
the military strength of the post. It was at this interview the chief 
used the poetic language attributed to him. When handed a chair 
by Governor Harrison, the chief declined and said, "The earth is 
my mother, I will recline upon her bosom ; the sun is my father, I'll 
bask in his rays," and seated himself on the ground. In November of 
that year General Harrison fought the battle of Tippecanoe ; the 
Indians being commanded by Tecumseh's brother, the Prophet. Gen- 
eral Harrison continued as MiJitary Governor until a civil territorial 
government was formed, of which Thomas Posey was Governor until 
the admission of the territory into the Union as one of the sovereign 
States, which was on the lith of April, 1816. 

Jonathan Jennings, the first Governor of the State, ser\-ed from 
December, 1816, to January, 1822. 

William Hendricks served from 1822 to January, 1825, at which 
time he was elected to the United States Senate. 

James B. Ray, by virtue of the office of President, pro tcin., of the 
Senate, served the unexpired term of Governor Hendricks. James B. 
Ray was twice elected and served as Governor until 1831. 

Noah Noble, elected in 1831, served six years, until 1837. 

David Wallace, elected 1837, served one term, until 1840. 

Samuel Bigger, elected 1840, served one term, until 1843. 

James Whitcomb, elected 1S43, served until 1848. 

Paris C. Dunning, by virtue of the office of Lieutenant Governor, 
served the unexpired term of Governor Whitcomb, he having been 
elected to the United States Senate. 

Joseph A. Wright, elected 1849, served ""^il 1857, one term of three 
and one of four years. 

Ashbel P. Willard, elected 1856, died in the fall of i860. 

Abram A. Hammond, as Lieutenant Governor, served the unex- 
pired term of Governor Willard. 

Henry S. Lane, elected in the fall of 1S60, inaugurated in January, 
1861, served four days — elected to the United States Senate. 



JON A THAN JENNINGS. 



ss 



Oliver P. Morton, being Lieutenant Governor, served the unexpired 
term of Governor Lane. Oliver P. Morton, elected in 1864, was elected 
to the United States Senate in 1867. 

Conrad Baker, as Lieutenant Governor, served the unexpired term 
of Governor Morton. Conrad Baker, elected 1868, served the full term 
of four years. 

Thomas A. Hendricks, elected in 1872, served the full term. 

James D. Williams, elected 1876, and is the present Governor. 

Of all the Governors of Indiana, with the exception of General St. 
Clair, the writer has had the pleasure of a personal acquaintance. I 
doubt if there is another person living who could say the same. Gen- 
eral St. Clair never lived within the State, but was simply Governor of 
the Northwest Territory. 

JONATHAN JENNINGS, 

FIRST GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF INDIANA. 

I became acquainted with Governor Jennings during the first sale of 
town lots in Indianapolis in October, 182 1 ; from that time up to his 
death I met him frequently. In July, 1832, I was employed by the 
late Judge James Morrison, who was at that time Secretary of State, to 
bear to the Governor, at his residence in Clarke county, his commission 
and jinstructions from President Jackson to treat with the Pottawato- 
mie and Miami Indians for their lands in Northern Indiana and South- 
ern Michigan. 

I arrived at his residence, three miles west of Charlestown, on Sat- 
urday afternoon. I found him sitting on his portico, reading. He at 
once recognized me, and, after his usual " How do you do?" and wel- 
come, after reading the papers of which I was bearer, he requested me 
to remain with him over Sabbath, which I did. During the day he 
brought pen, ink and paper, and requested me to write my name, then 
his, and asked me how I would like to accompany him to the treaty 
ground in September. Said he, "I will make you my private secretary; 
it will be money in your pocket." 

I at once accepted his kind offer and kept myself in readiness to join 
him when he should arrive en route for the treaty ground, which was at 
the forks of the Wabash, near where the city of Huntington is situated. 
He was also joined at this place by General James P. Drake, Alexander 
F. Morrison, Arthur St. Clair, Bazil Brown and other personal friends. 



56 SA-ETCIIES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

Our route lay through the wilderness, and we had to camp out two 
nights. The Governor requested me to act as commissary. It was dur- 
ing these few weeks with Governor Jennings that I learned much of his 
simplicity of character and kindness of heart. 

The associate commissioners were Dr. John W. Davis, of Sullivan 
county, and Mark Crume, of Fayette. During the preliminary council 
Dr. Davis, who was a pompous, big-feeling man, said something that 
gave offense to Obanoby, one of the head chiefs of the Pottawatomies. 
The chief addressed Governor Jennings, saying: "Does our great 
father intend to insult us by sending such men to treat with us? Why 
did he not send Generals Cass and Tipton ? You (pointing to the Gov- 
ernor) good man, and know how to treat us. (Pointing to Crume): He 
chipped beef for the squaws at Wabash (meaning that Crume was the 
beef contractor at the treaty of 1826. Then pointing to Dr. Davis, 
said): Big man and damned fool." The chief then spoke a few words 
to the Pottawatomies present, who gave one of their peculiar yells and 
left the council house, and could only be induced to return after several 
days, and then only through the great influence of Governor Jennings 
with them and the interpreters and traders. 

At this treaty a large portion of the northern part of Indiana was 
ceded to the United States, and I believe it was the last official act of 
Governor Jennings. In executive ability he had but few equals. He 
possessed, in an extraordinary degree, the confidence of the people, 
and in political life could command the earnest and enthusiastic support 
of devoted friends, his main forte being his genial and bland manner, a 
warm shake of the hand, a smile and pleasant word for all whom he met. 

During the Presidential term of James Monroe, John C. Calhoun 
was Secretary of War. He and the Governor had been intimate friends 
when the Governor was a delegate in Congress. He wished the Secre- 
tary to send him some ordnance for the protection of the State. The 
order he couched in this laconic way : 

" Dear good John C, 
I send to thee 
For three great guns and trimmings; 
Pray send them to hand 
Or you'll be damned. 
By order of Jonathan Jennings, 

Governor of Indiana. 

These were the guns used in saluting General Lafayette, when he 
visited Indiana in the summer of 1824. 



JON- A THAN JEh'Nr.KGS. 



57 



Governor Jennings was twice married, but had no children. In 
height he was about five feet nine inches, would weigh about one hun- 
dred and eighty pounds, was of rotund form without corpulency, had 
round, smooth features, a mild blue eye, florid complexion and light 
hair. 

Jonathan Jennings, the first Governor of Indiana, was born in Rock- 
bridge county. State of Virginia, in 1784. His father. Rev. Jacob Jen- 
nings, a Presbyterian minister, emigrated from New Jersey to Virginia 
at the close of the Revolutionary war, and thence removed to Fayette 
county, Pennsylvania, about the year 1 790. His early life was spent 
on his father's farm on Dunlap's creek, where he acquired a common 
school education. At a suitable age he was sent to the grammar 
school of the Rev. John McMillin, D. D., at Cannonsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania. Having availed himself of the advantages of this school in 
obtaining a knowledge of the Latin and Greek languages, and of mathe- 
matics, he commenced the study of law, and before being admitted to 
practice emigrated to the Indiana territory. Proceeding to Vincennes, 
he obtained employment as a clerk in the office of Nathaniel Ewing, 
receiver of public money at that place, and during the intervals of 
service as clerk progressed with his law studies. At the election for a 
delegate to Congress from the Indiana territory, in the year 1809, Jen- 
nings was elected after an exciting canvass with an able and popular 
competitor. He was re-elected and served as delegate in Congress 
until 1816. In a letter to the citizens of the territory, July 27, 1813, he 
informed them that the general government had authorized the raising 
of four additional companies of rangers for the protection of the frontier. 
On the 14th of December, 1815, he presented the memorial of the ter- 
ritorial Legislature praying Congress to order an election of members 
to a convention to form a constitution and State government for 
Indiana. This was referred to a committee of which he was chairman, 
and on the 5th of January, 1816, he reported a bill to enable the people 
to form a constitution and State govenrment. To this convention he 
was elected a representative from the county of Clarke, and at the 
assembling of the convention, June i, 18 16, was chosen its president. 
The able manner in which the duties of that convention were performed 
is exhibited in the ordinances and constitution adopted. That old con- 
stitution is of itself a monument to the projectors. This year, 18 16, 
Mr. Jennings was elected first Governor under the constitution, his com- 
petitor being Colonel Thos. Posey, late territorial Governor of Indiana, 
a brave and gallant officer of the Revolution. His first message to the 



5 8 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

Legislative Assembly was delivered November 7, 18 16, in which he re- 
commended the enactment of laws for the promotion of morals, the pre- 
vention of crime, trial and punishment of criminals, the dissemination of 
useful knowledge, a plan of education as prescribed by the constitution, 
a law to prevent unlawful seizure of persons of color legally entitled to 
their freedom. At this first session of the Legislature a code of laws 
was enacted suited to the wants of the people. The members of the 
Assembly being from different States of the Union, and bringing with 
them prejudices as diversified as the laws and localities from whence 
they came, exhibited much zeal and temper in the transaction of legisla- 
tive business. To reconcile conflicting opinions, and allay factious 
opposition, required tact and prudence of no ordinary character, and to 
Jonathan Jennings much is due for the accomplishment of this object. 

The laws enacted by the Assembly in 18 16 were accepted and ap- 
proved by the people, and Indiana emerged from a territorial to a State 
government, under bright auspices. During the first term as Governor 
Mr. Jennings was appointed a commissioner to treat with the Indians, 
and was mainly instrumental in procuring the relinquishment of Indian 
title to the lands in this State known as the " New Purchase." His ac- 
ceptance and discharge of the duties of this appointment was deemed 
incompatible with the exercise of his duties as Governor under the con- 
stitution of the State, and it was asserted that he had forfeited his com- 
mission as Governor. The Lieutenant Governor claimed to be, ex-offi- 
cio, the executive of the State, and much excitement prevailed at the 
capital. The succeeding Legislature decided the question, and recog- 
nized Jennings as the proper Governor. At the second election, in 
1 8 19, he had little opposition, and succeeded by a large majority. His 
messages to the General Assembly during the six gubernatorial years 
are able State papers; valuable to the politician on account of the pe- 
culiar crisis in the monetary affairs of the country, which they cover, 
and commendable for the watchfulness and care manifested for the in- 
terests and prosperity of the State. They are in the archives of the 
State, and too voluminous to append to this notice. The constitution 
of the State limited the office of Governor to two successive terms, and 
in 1822 Mr. Jennings was again returned to Congress by the voters of 
the Second Congressional District of Indiana. This district he contin- 
ued to represent until 1831. At the Presidential contest in 1824 he 
cast his own vote and the vote of the State in the House of Represent- 
atives for Andrew Jackson, and throughout his service as Representa- 
tive in Congress adhered to and voted with the Democratic party. The 



JON A THAN JENNINGS. t g 

canvass for'Congress in 1831 terminated against him. He was beaten 
by a small majority. On the 14th day of July, 1832, he was commis- 
sioned, with John W. Davis and Mark Crume, as commissioner to treat 
with the Miami and Pottawatomie Indians, for all the Indian lands in the 
State of Indiana, and for the relinquishment of the Pottawatomie title to 
all lands in Michigan. The commissioners, after much difficulty and sev- 
eral councils with the Indians, succeeded in making treaties by which 
the Indian title was extinguished to all lands in this State, and by 
which the Indians agreed to remove to lands provided for them west of 
the Missouri river. This commission terminated the public services of 
Jonathan Jennings. After leaving Congress he was frequently urged to 
become a candidate for the State Legislature, and could have been 
elected almost by acclamation, but he declined these solicitations without 
assigning a cause. He died on his farm, about three miles west of 
Charlestown, Clarke county, Indiana, in the year 1834, and was buried 
in the old graveyard in Charlestown. 

Governor Jennings possessed thorough knowledge of the history and 
politics of our country. His contest for delegate in Congress at the first 
election, the subsequent contest for his seat on the floor of the House 
of Representatives, the official influence and personal exertions of the 
Governor of the territory against him at the succeeding election, his 
entrance on the political field at a period when many of our Revolu- 
tionary worthies and statesmen were still in the meridian of their useful- 
ness and their honors, and his personal association with Messrs. Clay, 
Pinckney, Calhoun and others of high distinction, all contributed to make 
him an able statesman and politician. His personal popularity at home 
in his own State has scarce a precedent. Free, open and generous, he 
was fond of social enjoyment, and cared little for money beyond the 
present use, and with a true heart for a friend and open hand for the dis- 
tressed and needy, he died poor in this world's goods. 

During his gubernatorial term the revenue of the State was deficient, 
and resort was had to a loan from the Bank of Vincennes, then the State 
Bank of Indiana, and in order to meet the payment of the loan the 
Legislature passed an act authorizing the reception of the paper of the 
bank and branches for taxes. In the meantime the bank transferred the 
State obligations to the United States in part for a debt due the govern- 
ment, and suspended payment on her notes, which became entirely 
worthless. The consequence to the State of Indiana was a full treasury 
of depreciated, worthless paper, and not a cent to pay ordinary ex- 
penses. A resort was had to treasury notes ; these also depreciated. 



60 SA-ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

and the salarj^ of the Governor, fixed at one thousand dollars, was paid 
in treasury notes worth about six hundred dollars. The amount of sal- 
ary thus paid was insufficient for the support of a private family and 
greatly below the requirements of the hospitality of a Western Gov- 
ernor, and especially for the liberal hospitality of Governor Jennings. 
His expenditures whilst Govennor were more than double the salary 
and involved him in debts from which after-exertion did not relieve him. 
The early settlers of Indiana were generally poor ; they entered their 
homesteads at two dollars per acre and made one payment, Their pri- 
vations and difficulties prevented their securing the second payment and 
their lands became forfeited for the failure. In this crisis, when their 
homes were about to be wrested from them, their only hope was in the 
action of Congress, and the efforts of their delegate in that body to ob- 
tain relief There are persons now living who attribute their earthly 
comfort and happiness to the exertions of Mr. Jennings in this their 
trial hour. He was ^'not only their representative in Congress, but 
neighbor, friend, brother. 

During his service in Congress, no letter was ever addressed to him 
on the most trivial, as well as important matter, that was not promptly 
answered, and the business attended to. From the period of Tippecanoe 
battle, November 7, 181 1, to the close of the war with Great Britain, 
1815, the people of Indiana territory were harrassed by Indian depre- 
dations and murders, and a force of volunteer citizen rangers were kept 
constantly in the field for protection of inhabitants and punishment of 
the savages. These were all poor men, most of whom had families 
dependent upon them for support. The general government, at that 
day was not a prompt paymaster, and the citizen soldier was compelled 
to take promises for his own services and the property lost in the ser- 
vice. Not one of these old rangers, volunteer or militiamen, that has 
not a monument erected in his heart to the memory of Jonathan Jen- 
nings, for exertions in their behalf Through him pay was obtained 
for personal services, and for their claims for horses and property lost 
in the service during the war, and through his exertions an extension 
of the time of payment for amount due on their homes was granted by 
the government. While these men live, he will be remembered as the 
active, faithful, persevering public servant. His social qualities and 
kind and gentlemanly manner may be forgotten, but his integrity, the 
honest discharge of everj- official dut>- entrusted to him, should not be 
forgotten. 



SAMUEL S. ROOKER. 



SAMUEL S. ROOKER 



Was the first person that ever painted a sign in this place. He came to 
Indianapolis in the fall of 1S21, from Tennessee. At this time there 
was not a sign of any kind in the town. In addition to the joy felt at 
having gained a new citizen and neighbor, all were glad to have one 
qualified to announce their names and business in glowing letters. The 
first to order a sign from the painter was Caleb Scudder, cabinet maker. 
This Mr. Rocker painted on white ground with fiery red letters, and 
when finished it read, " Kalop Skodder, Kabbinet Maker." 

Mr. Rooker soon received an order from Mr. Carter for a sign for 
the " Rosebush," and one from Mr. Hawkins for the Eagle tavern. It 
was said that Mr. Hawkins' sign was that of a turkey, with a surname 
attached. He afterwards painted one for Major Belles. The design 
was "General Lafayette in full uniform." This was a fine opportunity 
for the painter to show his skill in portrait painting. When he com- 
menced, it was his intention to paint it full size, but after finishing the 
head and body he found there was not room for the legs full length ; so 
he left out the section between the knees and ankle, and attached the 
feet to the knee joint, which gave the General the appearance of a very 
short legged man. This sign stood on the Michigan road, six miles 
southeast of town, for many years. 

In justice to Mr. Rooker, I must say he improved very much in his 
profession in after years. He painted the portrait of the writer, which 
was complimentary to the subject and a great credit to the artist. 
Charlie Campbell thinks it was one of the most striking likenesses he 
ever saw. What became of it I do not know, but have no doubt it 
could be found in some of the New York art galleries. 

He painted a sign for a man keeping tavern on the National road. 
The man had ordered a lion, full size, as the design. When it was fin- 
ished he thought the good-natured painter had misunderstood him, and 
instead of painting a lion, as he wished, had painted a prairie wolf. 
Mr. Rooker had some trouble to convince the man that this was a bona 
fide African lion, and not a wolf. Mrs. Rooker was very indignant that 
the gentleman did not properly appreciate her husband's superior skill 
in painting. She thought that Sammy could paint as good a lion as 
any other person. 

"The painter thought of his growing fame, 
And the work that should bring him an endless name." 



52 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

There are many yet living who remember Mr. Rooker's own sign, 
that stood on the northeast corner of Washington and lUinois streets. 
It read, "Samuel S. Rooker, House andSine Painter." It is proper to 
say that, although sign painting was not Mr. Rooker's forte, he was a 
good house painter, and generally rendered satisfaction to his custom- 
ers in that line. Neither was he the only person that had not mastered 
Webster in the spelling book. A prominent merchant used to spell 
tobacco, "tobaker;" and bacon, "bakin." 

Mr. Rooker yet lives in a neighboring town, but does not follow his 
profession as sign painter. He is an honest, upright man, an obliging 
neighbor and a good citizen. 

JIMMY KITTLEMAN. 

This good old man came here at an early date, say 182 1 or 1822. 
He was a shoemaker by trade, and lived many yeJlrs on the southeast 
corner of Market and East streets. He was an honest but simple man, 
an ardent and enthusiastic Methodist, and most of his earthly joy con- 
sisted in meeting his brothers and sisters of the church in class-meeting 
or love-feast. He took great comfort in relating his experience and 
conversion to religion, and how it was brought about, the temptations 
and trials he was exposed to, and how the devil first appeared to him, 
and the offers he made to him. 

He was attending to his father's sheep-fold late in the evening, he 
said, when the devil appeared to him and made offers equal to those he 
had made our Savior when on the mountain : the sheep and cattle upon 
a thousand hills, if he would worship him. He said he knew the "old 
sarpent" the moment he saw him; so he leaned his head upon a big 
"wether," and prayed the Lord to give him strength to resist the 
tempter. When he arose the devil had gone. He often appeared to 
him afterwards and renewed his offer, with the addition that he could 
go to all the dances and play the fiddle as much as he pleased. But he 
had as often sought the same old "wether" to lay his head against and 
pray for grace, and he as often found it. " Brethren," said he, "I feel 
this morning that I would rather be here and hear sister Lydia Haws 
sing, 'We'll all meet together in the morning,' than to have all the 
sheep and cattle the old sinner had." 

On one occasion, at a love-feast, the old man said "his sun had been 
behind a cloud for some days, and that he had not been in close com- 
munion with the Savior, but thanked God that this morning his sky was 



BILLY BAY. g, 

once more clear, and he could read ' his title clear to mansions in the 
skies,' and that he was able to raise his Ebenezer, and that the cloud 
had passed away, and that he was beyond the reach of the devil and all 
his cattle." On another occasion the old gentleman got very happy in 
class-meeting. He looked toward the roof of the house, extended his 
arms in an imploring manner, and said, "Do, Lord, come right down! 
Come right through the. roof, right now ! Do, Lord ! Never mind the 
shingles, but come right down. Lord ! " At this point the old man 
began flapping his arms up and down as wings, as if starting to meet 
the Savior. When he got in one of these ways the only remedy was 
to sing him down, and Sister Haws contributed a good portion, which 
generally elicited from the old man, after he became quieted, a "God 
bless Sister Haws." 

In the sincerity and earnestness of Brother Kittleman there was 
none to doubt, but the old gentleman's zeal was sometimes greater than 
his common sense. He left the place many years since and removed 
to the far west, and no doubt is prepared to meet Sister Haws " in the 
morning," and "on the other side of Jordon." 

BILLY BAY 

Was the counterpart of Jimmy Kittleman, and his associate and brother 
in the first Methodist church organized in Indianapolis. He was 
equally zealous in the good wook, and never let anything keep him 
from the "Divine sanctuary." He too, like Brother Kittleman, had 
been very much tempted by the "old cloven-foot sarpent, " and several 
times came very near yielding. Brother Bay was a man about five feet 
ten inches in height, rather spare made, a bald head, and about fifty 
years of age. He wore the old-style Methodist dress, round breasted 
or shad-belly coat. He was full of sighs on all occasions, and in church 
would add an amen to everything said, frequently out of place. 

His main forte was in prayer. He had two stereotyped upon his 
mind, and ever ready for use on any and all occasions: his morning 
prayer and his evening prayer. He sometimes ( as Tom Harvey would 
say) "got the right prayer in the wrong place;" /. t-., he would use 
the morning prayer in the evening, and vice versa. I well remember 
his evening praj-er, having heard it nearly every Thursday night for 
ten years. It ran thus : 

"We desire to thank thee, O Lord, that we are once more permitted 
to assemble together under the roof of thy divine sanctuary, and that 



64 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

while many of our feller- critters, that are as good by natur and far bet- 
ter by practice, have sickened and died during the week that has 
passed and gone, and left these mundane shores, and gone to that house 
not made with hands, eternal in the heavens, we are still permitted to 
remaih here as the spared monuments of thy amazing grace. And now 
O Lord, in the close of our evening devotions draw feelingly and sen- 
sibly nigh unto us. Manifest thyself unto us as thou dost not unto the 
world, and grant that we may live as we shall Vvish we had when we 
come to die. And, finally, when we are called upon to put off this 
mortal and put on immortality, bring us to enjoy thyself and service ; 
and all the glory we will ascribe to a triune God, world without end. 
Amen." 

Brother Bay, too, sought a home on the distant prairies, and from 
his advanced age when he left has, no doubt, ere this, ' ' put off this 
mortal and put on immortality," and has met his old classmate. Brother 
Kittleman, on the other side of the river, "where congregations ne'er 
break up, and Sabbaths never end." 



JAMES M. RAY 

Was born in Caldwell, New Jersey, in the year 1800. Early in life he 
emigrated to the West. His first residence in Indiana was at Lawrence- 
burg, in the year 18 18, and afterwards at Connersville ; in each of which 
places he was engaged as deputy clerk. He came to where Indianapo- 
lis now is early in 1821, and was clerk at the first sale of lots in Octo- 
ber of that year. At the first election, in 1822, he was elected clerk 
of Marion county. Morris Morris was the principal opposing candidate, 
and it was a warmly contested election, Madison and Hamilton counties 
being attached to Marion for voting purposes. He was afterwards re- 
elected as clerk and elected as recorder, and held these offices until- he 
resigned them at the time of the organization of the State Bank of In- 
diana, when he was elected cashier, which position he held during the 
existence of the bank. He was then appointed cashier of the " Bank 
of the State," which position he held until he was elected president of 
the same. 

Mr. Ray was active in the first Bible society, and helped to organize 
the first Sunday school ; and has been the treasurer of the Indianapolis 
Benevolent Society since its organization in the year 1S36. He was 
secretary of the first temperance society, also the Colonization Society ; 
secretary of the first fire company, that of Marion, organized in 1835, 



GEORGE SMITH. gc 

and one of the principal stockholders in the first steam-mill. He has 
ever been liberal in contributing to the erection of churches of all de- 
nominations. There have been but very few, if any, public enterprises 
undertaken in Indianapolis that he has not aided by money and coun- 
tenance since the first settlement of the place. And even now, at his 
advanced age, he does not seem to have lost any of the zeal of his 
younger years for the public good. His public positions and private 
successes were well calculated to bring down upon him the envy and 
jealousy of those less fortunate, but the tongue of slander and vitupera- 
tion has never been hurled at James M. Ray, or the defamation of his 
character ever attempted. 

His great simplicity of character and manner ; his well-known and 
unostentatioirs piety, with a pleasant word and a smile for all that busi- 
ness or circumstances have brought him in contact with, have endeared 
him to all who know him. The duties of time and the reward of eter- 
nity seem to .be his greatest pleasure on earth. In his family circle 

"His ready smile a parent's love expressed, 
Their welfare pleased him, and their cares distressed. 
To them his heart, his love, his griefs were given, 
But all his serious thoughts had rest in heaven." 

Mr. Ray is a small man, who would not weigh over one hundred and 
thirty pounds, but has prominent features, a mild black eye, and his 
whole contour at once denotes intelligence and an active mind. He 
was always very neat in his person and dress, even when engaged in the 
common vocations of life, but would never be taken for a fop. 

In the late war he took an active interest in the cause of the Union, 
and was treasurer of the Indiana Branch of the Christian Commission, 
of the Indiana Freedman's Aid Commission, and also of the Indiana 
Soldiers' and Sailors' Home. He also aided in selling the State bonds 
to procure means to arm and support our troops. 



GEORGE SMITH 

•Was one of the proprietors of the Indianapolis "Gazette," the first 
newspaper and the first printing establishment of any kind in Indiana- 
polis. 

Mr. Smith was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and learned his 
trade in the. office of the Lexington "Observer," in Lexington, Ken- 
tucky. After his apprenticeship was out he went to Cincinnati and 



56 SKETCHES OF PROAf EVENT CITIZEKS. 

worked with Charlie Hammond, in the office of the "Liberty Hall and 
Cincinnati Gazette." He hved at several different places in Ohio as well 
as Indiana before he came to this place in December, 1821. In Janu- 
ary, 1822, he, in connection with his step-son, Nathaniel Bolton, issued 
the first number of the "Gazette." Their office was in one corner of 
the cabin in which his family lived. This cabin was situated near by a 
row of cabins built by Wilmot, called Smoky Row, west of the canal, 
and near Maryland street. From this cabin the "Gazette" was issued 
for the first year, then taken to a cabin on the northeast corner of the 
State House square. This paper, after changing proprietors and editors 
and name and location several times, we now have in the shape and 
name of the Indianapolis "Sentinel." Mr. Smith was the first to start 
a real estate agency in Indianapolis, as will be seen by his advertisment 
in the "Gazette " of 1827. He was afterwards elected associate judge 
and served two terms. He and Governor Ray were the only persons 
who wore their hair plaited and hanging down their backs, in a queue. 
The judge had some difficulty with a lawyer named Gabriel J. John- 
son. The lawyer got the judge by the queue and for a while had him 
in chancery, but the judge rallied his "strength," and administered to 
the lawyer a sound threshing. He was a man of warm feeling and de- 
votion to his friends, and would go any length to serve and accommodate 
one. He cared nothing for money or property, further than to make 
himself and family comfortable. He had but one child, to whom he was 
devotedly attached. She is now the widow of the late William Martin. 
Her first husband, Samuel Goldsberry, is spoken of in another place. 

After Mr. Smith had sold his interest in the "Gazette" and had quit 
the printing business, he bought the farm where the Insane Asylum 
now stands, and named it Mount Jackson. He continued to live there 
with his wife until the time of his death, which was in April, 1836, at 
the age of fifty-two years. His loss was deeply felt by the poor, to 
whom he was ever liberal and kind, treating them with the greatest 
respect. 

NATHANIEL BOLTON. 

Reference has been made to Mr. Bolton's connection with the Indi- . 
anapolis Gazette, in the preceding sketch. He was born in Chillicothe, 
Ohio, and came to this place with his step-father and partner, George 
Smith, in December, 1821, when quite a young man. After Mr. Smith 
had retired from the Gazette, Mr. Bolton continued the paper alone, and 
then with different partners for some time. In the meantime he was 



NATHANIEL COX. 67 

married to Miss Sarah T. Barrett, of Madison, now well know as one 
of Indiana's most gifted daughters. Although a very talented lady, she 
lost nothing in that way by her connection with Mr. B., but had a great 
deal to gain. For several of the first years of Mr. Bolton's residence 
in this place he was very much afflicted, so much so that he was scarcely 
expected to live from one day to another ; but for some years before his 
death his health had improved. He was a ready writer, and wrote most 
of the articles for the Gazette over fictitious signatures, besides writing 
the leading editorials. 

About the second year of the administration of President Pierce he 
was appointed Consul to Geneva, and remained there until President 
Buchanan's administration, when he was compelled on account of his 
health to resign and return home. He arrived at home in May, and 
died the next November. In his social relations he was thought a great 
deal of He possessed fine conversational powers and was ever enter- 
taining to his auditors. He was a warm partisan, and expressed his 
views upon all and every occasion without stint or reserve, which may 
have made him some political enemies, but he had none personal. He 
left but two children, a son and a daughter. His daughter, the wife of 
Mr. Frank Smith of this city, has since deceased. She possessed, in 
addition to a large share of the native talent of her father and mother, 
fine accomplishments, and was one of the finest musicians of this city 
that abounds with talent of that particular kind. 

NATHANIEL COX 

■Was a native of Maryltnd, and born in Talbott county, but at an early 
age emigrated with his parents to Chillicothe, Ohio. After living at 
several different places he came to Jeffersonville, in this State, where he 
remained a short time. From the latter place he came to Indianapolis 
in the fall of 1821. He was a great hunter and fisherman, and for some 
time did but little except in that line. He would often dress himself in 
Indian costume, and hunt for several days without returning, camping 
out as an Indian. He was very fond of frightening those who had just 
come to the settlement, and who had not seen much of the Indians. 

He was a great wag, and fond of playing pranks on the unsuspect- 
ing, to many of which I have been the victim. One of his best practical 
jokes was upon himself Before the days of soda fountains, he requested 
Mr. Hannaman to prepare him two glasses, one containing carbonate 
5 



68 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

acid, the other soda, as he wished to try the effect of the effervescence 
in the stomach. He first drank one draught and then the other. The 
experiment was satisfactory, at least so much so that he never wished to 
try it again. The fluid came from his eyes, ears, mouth and nose in 
such a way that it alarmed the bystanders. I have often heard him say 
he thought the Falls of Niagara were running through and out of his 
head. 

In the month of January, 1825, and while the Legislature was in 
session, he conceived the idea of serenading its members. There was a 
society, of which he was the head and master spirit. This organization 
Mr. Cox named the "Indianapolis Anarugian Society." They num- 
bered about thirty persons, and their object was fun or amusement, in 
any shape whatever not injurious to the public. 

One Pete Harmon was the proprietor of four yoke of oxen and two 
log-sleds, which he used for hauling saw-logs to the mill. The sleds 
Mr. Cox attached together in such a way that a platform was built on 
them to accommodate the whole society, who were dressed in all kinds 
of fantastic style that fancy or convenience might dictate, and with 
everything conceivable that would make a loud and disagreeable noise — 
strings of tin cups, horns, cow-bells, drums, tin pans and kettles — and 
to the sled the four yoke, of oxen were hitched. On the near steer of 
each yoke was a driver, dressed in similar manner to the performers on. 
the platform. In this way they left the store of Mr. Jacob Landis, 
about nine o'clock at night, and, after visiting the various hotels and 
boarding houses, where members of the Legislature did mostly congre- 
gate, and performing at each place upon their instruments, returned to 
the place of starting, where a bountiful supply*of Mr. Landis' staple 
article, "peach and honey," awaited them. 

While Mr. Blake was supervisor of the roads, he had some men at 
work on Meridian street, in Pogue's creek bottom, among whom was 
Mr. Cox. Mr. Blake, missing him from work, sought and found him 
sitting in the shade on the bank of the creek, with a sewing-thread and 
pin-hook, fishing for minnows. 

Mr. Cox was a singular and erratic man, possessed a generous and 
kind heart, and was universally respected. He died about the year 
1S50, leaving a wife and a respectable family of children, all of whom 
yet reside in the city. 



JERRY COLLINS. gg 

JERRY COLLINS, 

Or " Uncle Jerry," as he was familiarly called by the lovers of the "ar- 
dent," and especially by his immediate customers, kept a small whisky 
shop on the southwest corner of Washington and Meridian streets. He 
also kept other refreshments for his lady customers, such as ginger- 
cakes, smoked herring and spruce beer. 

Uncle Jerry was not permitted by law to sell whisky in a less quan- 
tity than a quart, and that not to be drank upon his premises. Being a 
law-abiding man, and to accommodate his many customers, and more 
especially those from Waterloo, he had a pump placed on Meridian 
street, just around the corner from his front door, which could not be 
construed to be upon his premises. 

For the information of those who were not acquainted with Indian- 
apolis at that time, I would say that Waterloo was that portion of the 
county and river bottom lying between the bluff road and the river, 
commencing about three miles from town and extending about five 
miles south. 

In Waterloo there were about twenty adult male inhabitants, viz : 
the Mundys, Snows, Tharps, Fanchers, Paddocks, Pressers, and last, 
but by no means least, were the Stephenses, among whom was ' ' Rip- 
Roaring Bob," as he called himself. 

" When Waterloo came to town their headquarters was Uncle Jerry's 
pump. Soon after their arrival you would see one of them go into the 
shop, and soon return to join his comrades with a quart measure (filled 
with whisky, the price of which was twelve and a half cents) in one 
hand and a small tin cup in the other. The quart cup would make the 
trip to the shop and return about every half hour, and continue until 
each and every one had accompanied it at least once, by which time 
each one would have drank his quart of whisky and contributed his 
shilling. On public occasions the trips were made in more rapid suc- 
cession, and about two to each person, when the quantity drank 
and the money expended would be doubled. It is proper here to 
say that while the quart measure was making the various trips to 
and from the shop, if feminine Waterloo should be in town, they would 
be seated in the shade of the house regaling themselves with ginger- 
cakes, smoked herring and spruce beer. 

Then would begin their gymnastic and other performances, under 
the direction of their leader, "Rip Roaring Bob," and they were gen- 
erally kept up until the small boys would return from school, and the 



70 



SKETCHES OF PR MIX E NT CITIZENS 



young men had quit their several avocations for the day. Waterloo 
would then be invited to leave town, and were generally accompanied 
on their forced march down Meridian street to the limits of the town, and 
often some distance south of Pogue's creek. To accelerate their move- 
ment and to assist them along, eggs, brickbats, boulders and other mis- 
siles were brought into requisition by the assailing party. When the 
eggs began to fly " fast and furious," and the boulders fell like hail 
around them, they would retire in a very disorganized and demoralized 
condition. "Rip Roaring Bob " was generally in the rear, keeping back 
the assailing party, and covering the retreat of his comrades, while Gar- 
rett Presser would be far in advance of his retreating friends, going at 
the rate of "two-forty" on his little black mare, and Jonathan Paddock 
would be close at his heels, with his umbrella hoisted to keep off the 
flying missiles. On one occasion a young man of the town party was 
some distance in advance of his friends, who had stopped pursuit; " Rip 
Roaring Bob" was some distance behind his party, and, with his quick 
perceptibility, soon saw the true situation, and "made for" the young 
man, who barely escaped Bob's clutches, receiving in his back on his 
retreat some of the same missiles thrown by his own party at Waterloo. 

"Rip Roaring Bob" moved from Waterloo to Hamilton county, 
and became a respectable man, and accumulated a considerable prop- 
erty. The balance of Waterloo has been scattered upon the broad 
prairies of Missouri, Iowa and Illinois, and have no doubt often related 
to their neighbors their many hair-breadth escapes from, and daring 
adventures with, the early settlers of Indianapolis. 

Jerry Collins and Cader Carter dug the grave of Daniel Shaffer, the 
first person buried in the old graveyard, in August, 1821. 

Uncle Jerry died of cholera in 1852, and left a fine property to be 
divided between his nephews and other relatives, he being an old 
bachelor. 

WILLIAM CONNER. 

Mr. Conner was the first white man that settled in Central Indiana, 
having established a trading-house sixteen miles north of Indianapolis 
and four miles south of where the town of Noblesville now is, in 1802. 
His eldest brother, James Conner, was the first white person born in 
the State of Ohio, in 1771. 

Richard Conner, the father of James, John and William,. settled in 
Coshocton county, at a place that took its name from him, Connerstown, 
some time anterior to the year 1770, and there lived until about the 



WILLIAM CONNER. 



n 



year 1790, at which time the whole family were taken prisoners by the 
Indians, and taken to Detroit. After keeping them in captivity for ten 
years, they took them to the Moravian towns on Clinton river in the 
vicinity of Detroit, and the whole family were ransomed by the Mora- 
vians. The price paid was four hundred dollars in coin, a keg of pow- 
der and a keg of whisky. , The elder Conner remained there and 
commenced trading with the Indians. William Conner, then about 
twenty-five years of age, having been born at Connerstown about the 
year 1775, went to Saginaw and started a trading-house under the aus- 
pices of a Frenchman whose acquaintance he had formed while in cap- 
tivity. 

At Saginaw he remained but about two years, thence to White river 
in 1802, as above stated. He built a cabin on the edge of a prairie, in 
which there was about one section of land. At the treaty of St. Mary's, 
in 18 18, this section was reserved by the Delaware Indians for Mr. Con- 
ner ; he afterward obtained by an act of Congress a patent for the same. 

At this point Mr. Conner lived and traded with the Indians. After 
the last of the tribe had removed he commenced farming, having the 
prairie in cultivation. 

During the time General Harrison was Military Governor of Indiana 
territory. Mr. Conner's services were secured in behalf of the govern- 
ment, for the purpose- of effecting treaties, &c. He was personally ac- 
quainted with Tecumseh and his brother, the Prophet. 

Mr. Conner commanded a company of Delaware Indians, who 
fought for the Americans at the battle of the Thames. After the battle 
was over he was called upon to identify the body of Tecumseh, which 
he knew by certain scars and marks, independent of being familiar with 
his features. 

In regard to the killing of that wily chieftain, Mr. Conner always 
said that he was killed by a rifle ball from the gun of Colonel Whitley, 
of Kentucky, and not from a pistol ball from the holster of Colonel Rich- 
ard M. Johnson, for whom many claimed the honor. This Mr. Conner 
has frequently told the writer personally. 

When Mr. Conner commenced trading on White river he brought 
his goods up the Maumee in canoes, thence by way of Fort Wayne to 
White river ; from the Maumee they were carried on the backs of Indian 
ponies, frequently having forty horses in his train, guarded by Indians 
in his employ. 

At one time he ascertained from a Delaware Indian that a band of 
Nanticoke Indians were encamped at the mouth of Fall creek, having a 



72 



SKETCHES OF PROMIXENT CIT/ZEXS. 



large quantity of furs and skins. He loaded several horses with goods 
and came down and got to the place just in time to see a Frenchman 
from Fort Wayne depart with the coveted furs and skins. Before Mr. 
Conner left the Nanticoke camp he found out that the Indians would 
be at the same place at the same time the next year. When the In- 
dians came Mr. Conner was immediately informed by a Delaware. He 
came down in time, and had purchased about twenty-five hundred furs 
and skins, and was just packing his horses when the Frenchman, who 
was successful the year before, came to the camp with a train of ten or 
twelve horses. From that time the Frenchman never intruded upon 
Mr. Conner's domain. 

Mr. Conner was interested in merchandizing in Indianapolis for sev- 
eral years, first as the partner of Mr. Alfred Harrison, of Harrison's 
bank. They built the first business house on the northeast corner of 
Washington and Pennsylvania streets, and there did business for several 
years. Then the late A. W. Russell became Mr. Conner's partner, 
and they were there several years. That house gave way some twenty- 
two years since to make room for Odd Fellows' Hall. 

Mr. Conner was a large man, as straight as an arrow in his younger 
years, and as active and enduring as an antelope. He wielded great 
influence with the Delawares, who placed unlimited confidence in what- 
ever he might tell them. He was the particular friend and counsellor 
of the chiefs Muncie, Anderson, Straw and Big Bottle, and through his 
influence the government was enabled to secure from them the White 
river valley. When the Indians left for their new home on White river, 
in the then territory of Arkansas, they tried to induce him to accom- 
pany them, but he refused, although he held communication with the 
tribe as long as he lived. 

Mr. Conner's eldest son, Richard J. Conner, is a prominent whole- 
sale merchant on South Meridian street, and very much resembles his 
father in personal appearance. 

Mr. Conner died in August, 1855, and is buried near where his trad- 
ing house was located in 1802. 

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS OF INDIANA, 

FROM THE FORMATION OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT UP TO AND INCLUDING 
1876, AND FOR WHOM THEY CAST THE VOTE OF THE STATE. 

In 1 8 16, the eighth Presidential election, they were Jesse L. Hol- 
man, Joseph Bartholomew, and Thomas H. Blake. The three votes of 



PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS OF INDIANA. 



73 



the State were cast for James Monroe for President, and Daniel D. 
Tompkins for Vice President. 

In 1820, the ninth Presidential election, the electors were Nathaniel 
Ewing, Daniel J. Caswell, and John H. Thompson. They cast the 
vote of the State lor James Monroe for President, and Daniel D. Tomp- 
kins for Vice President. 

In 1824, the tenth Presidential election, they were Elias McNamee, 
David Robb, Jonathan McCarty, John Carr, and Samuel Milroy. They 
cast the five votes of the State for General Andrew Jackson for Presi- 
dent, and John C. Calhoun for Vice President. 

1828, the eleventh Presidential election, the electors were Benjamin 
C. Beckes, Jesse B. Durham, William Lowe, Ratliff Boone, and Ross 
-Smiley. They cast the five votes of the State for General Jackson for 
President, and John C. Calhoun for Vice President. 

In 1832, the twelfth Presidential election, the electors were George 
Boone, William Armstrong, Alexander J. Burnett, James Blake, John 
Ketchum, Arthur Patterson, Thomas Givens, Nathan B. Palmer, and 
Mark Crume. They cast the nine votes of the State for General Jack- 
son for President, and Martin Van Buren for Vice President. 

In 1836, the thirteenth Presidential election, the electors were John 
G. Clendening, Hiram Decker, Austin W. Morris, Milton Stapp, Albert 
S. White, Enoch McCarty, Achilles Williams, Marston G. Clark, and 
Abram S. Andrews. They cast the nine votes of the State for General 
William Henry Harrison for President, and Francis Granger for Vice 
President. 

In 1840, the fourteenth Presidential election, the electors were Jona- 
than McCarty, John W. Payne, Joseph L. White, Richard W. Thomp- 
son, James H. Cravens, Caleb B. Smith, Joseph G. Marshall, William 
Herod, and Samuel C. Sample. They cast the nine votes of the State 
for General William H. Harrison for President, and John Tyler for Vice 
President. 

In 1844, the fifteenth Presidential election, the electors were James 
G. Reed, William A. Bowles, Elijah Newland, J. M. Johnson, Samuel 
E. Perkins, William W. Wick, P. C. Dunning, Austin M. Puett, H. W. 
Ellsworth, Charles W. Cathcart, John Gilbert, and G. N. Fitch. They 
cast the twelve votes of the State for James K. Polk for President, and 
George M. Dallas for Vice President. 

In 1848, the sixteenth Presidential election, the electors were Robert 
Dale Owen, Nathaniel Albertson, Cyrus L. Dunham, William M. Mc- 
Carty, Charles H. Test, James Richey, George W. Carr, L. M. Hanna, 



74 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



E. M. Chamberlain, Daniel Mace, Graham N. Fitch, and A. J. Harlan. 
They cast the twelve votes of the State for Lewis Cass for President, 
and William O. Butler for Vice President. 

In 1S52, the seventeenth Presidential election, the electors were John 
Pettit, James H. Lane, Alexander F. iVIorrison, J. ¥. Reed, W. C. Lar- 
abee, James S. Athon, George B. Buell, James S. Hester, Samuel A. 
Hall, Nathaniel Bolton, E. Dumont, A. H. Brown and J. M. Talbott. 
They cast the thirteen votes of the State for Franklin Pierce for Presi- 
dent, and William R. King, for Vice President. 

In 1856, the eighteenth Presidential election, the electors were G. N. 
Fitch, S. H. Buskirk, J. M. Hanna, W. J. Parrett, J. S. McClelland, 
S. K. Wolf, O. Evarts, S. W. Short, F. P. Randall, D. D. Jones, S. 
Mickle, E. Johnson and M. M. Ray. They cast the thirteen votes of 
the State for James Buchanan for President, and John C. Breckenridge, 
for Vice President. 

In i860, the nineteenth Presidential election, the electors were John 
L. Manstield, Morton C. Hunter, Nelson Trusler, John Hanna, James 
N. Tyner, David O. Dailey, William Cumback, John W. Ray, John H. 
Farquhar, Cyrus M. Allen, Reuben Riley, Samuel A. Huff and Isaac 
Jenkinson. They cast the thirteen votes of the State for Abraham 
Lincoln for President, and Hannibal Hamlin for Vice President. 

In 1864, the twentieth Presidential election, the electors were David 
Gooding, Richard W. Thompson, James C. Denny, Cyrus T. Nixon, 
Henry R. Pritchard, Leonidas Sexton, Benjamin F. Claypool, Jonathan 
J. Wright, John Osborn, Robert P. Davidson, James B. Belford, Tim- 
othy K. Dickinson and John M. Wallace. They cast the thirteen votes 
of the State for Abraham Lincoln for President, and Andrew Johnson 
for Vice President. 

In 1868, the twenty-first Presidential election, the electors were 
Thomas Nelson, Benjamin F. Claypool, Andrew L. Robinson, William 
Jones, John Schwartz, John H. Farquhar, Samuel P. Oyler, Elihu E. 
Rose, Robert W. Harrison, James M. Justice, Joshua A. Mellet, Milo 
S. Hascall and Robert S. Dwiggins. They cast the thirteen votes of 
the State for Ulysses S. Grant for President, and Schuyler Colfax for 
Vice President. 

In 1 872, the twenty-second Presidential election, the electors were 
Jonathan W. Gordon, Joseph S. Buckles, John Schwartz, Isaac S. 
Moore, Daniel B. Kumler, Cyrus T. »Nixon, James Y. Allison, John R. 
Goodwin, George W. Grubbs, James L. Johnson, Benjamin F. Greg- 
ory, Calvin Cougill, Robert S. Taylor, Erastus W. H. Ellis and Sidney 




^U^j^-"^--^ - >^c^-''z__<^^<: ^ 



DANIEL YANDES. 



77 



Keith. They cast the fifteen votes of the State for Ulysses S. Grant for 
President, and Henry Wilson for Vice President. 

In 1876, the twenty-third Presidential election, the electors were 
Daniel W. Voorhees, John S. Scoby, Gustavus V. Mengies, William 
D. Byrum, Jonas H. Howard, Edwin P. Ferris, Noah S. Given, Charles 
Offutt, Thomas Cottrell, Samuel D. Puett, Thomas H. Harrison, George 
Burson, James A. Adrian, Isaac B. McDonald and Woodson S. Mar- 
shall. They cast the fifteen votes of the State for Samuel J. Tilden for 
President, and Thomas A. Hendricks for Vice President. 

STATE OFFICERS IN 1876. 

Thomas A. Hendricks, Governor; John Enos Neff, Secretary of 
State; Ebenezer Henderson, Auditor of State; Benjamin C. Shaw, 
Treasurer of State ; Lycurgus Dalton, State Librarian. All of whom 
were re-elected at the State election except the Librarian, who is elected 
by the Legislature. The Legislature being Republican, Mr. Dalton 
was defeated by Mr. Conner. 

DANIEL YANDES. 

Mr. Yandes was born near Uniontown. Pennsylvania, on the 28th of 
January, 1793. Although he has outlived his four score years, yet it 
is not "with sorrow and trouble," as we are told by the Bible is gen- 
erally the case with those who reach that mature age, for he is yet quite 
active and retains to a remarkable degree all the faculties of his more 
youthful years. 

Mr. Yandes is not without a military record. His services were 
rendered at a time in the history of the country when patriotism and 
love of country were the incentive, and not a fondness for office and 
popularity. 

He volunteered in the war of 18 12, under General William Henry 
Harrison, immediately after the surrender of the notorious Hull to the 
British army. After six months service on the frontier, he again volun- 
teered to march to the defense of Washington city, the capital being 
invaded by the British troops. In this expedition he was elected, 
before going, and commissioned major of the regiment. But before 
they left the place of rendezvous an order was received countermanding 
the order to march. For the service rendered on the frontier Mr. 
Yandes is now receiving a pension. 



. 78 SKETCHES OF PRO MIX EXT CITIZENS. 

In 1 815 Mr. Yandes was married to Miss Anna Wilson, who was 
a native of Fayette count>'. In 1820, with his family, he emigrated 
to Connersville, Fayette count}-, Indiana, where he remained for a short 
time. 

On the 20th of March, 1821, he came to what was then known as 
the "Donation," or "the Mouth of Fall Creek Settlement;" since 
which time I can speak of him from personal knowledge and observation. 

The first thing to be done after his arrival at his new home was to 
provide a residence for his family ; this he did by erecting a cabin on 
the southwest corner of Washington and Alabama streets. He then 
cleared what the settlers called a " truck patch," a piece of ground 
where vegetables were raised. This was but a short time before the 
commissioners came to survey and lay out the town. During the sum- 
mer of 1 82 1 he worked eighty- two days for the surveying party, cutting 
down timber and setting stakes. 

At the first sale of lots in October of that year, he purchased, in 
connection with the late John Wilkins, a site for a tanyard, situated on 
the east side of Alabama street near Maryland. They continued a 
partnership in the tanning business for over thirty years, and closed 
their connection in the business with friendship and good will toward 
each other. 

Mr. Yandes built the first saw mill in the New Purchase, which was 
on the bayou west of the grave yard, now known as the McCarty 
property. He also, in connection with Samuel Merrill, built the mills 
and cotton factory for years afterwards known as West's Mills, a por- 
tion of which are yet standing. 

It is safe to say that Mr. Yandes has built more mills and other 
manufacturing establishments than any other man in Indiana. 

Mr. Yandes has always eschewed office of any kind, although he 
was elected the first treasurer of the county, and accepted merely as an 
accommodation to his neighbors. He has aided a great many young 
men to commence business, some of whom accumulated fortunes. In 
fifty-five years of Mr. Yandes' residence in Indianapolis, he has con- 
tributed over fifty thousand dollars for benevolent and charitable pur- 
poses. He was a large contributor toward building the first church in 
this place, and has ever been liberal since in that waj-. He has always 
paid his debts honorably and promptly, and has but little business in 
the way of litigation in the courts. This much the writer knows from 
personal knowledge — Mr. Yandes has ever been found on the side of 
morality and good government. 



ISAAC BLACKFORD, LL. D. 



79 



I believe Mr. Yandes is the only person now living who has been an 
actual citizen for fifty-five years continuously, he having never removed 
from the place since he first made it his home. 

As his portrait shows, he is quite a large featured man, fully six feet 
in height, with a robust constitution and vigorous for one of his years. 
He is descended from Pennsylvania German parentage, and was the 
first person who settled in the "New Purchase" speaking that language. 

Mr. Yandes never entered into wild speculations. His great strength 
of will and clear perception between right and wrong, and indomitable 
perseverance enabled him to lay the foundation for accumulating wealth 
steadily and honestly, and he is now one of the solid men of Indian- 
apolis. 

ISAAC BLACKFORD, LL. D. 

Judge Blackford was a native of New Jersey, born the village of 
Bound Brook, Somerset county, on the 6th day of November, 17S6. 
He was the third son of Joseph Blackford, a native of Europe. The 
two older and only brothers died without children. The Judge's only 
child, George, died while at college, and when quite young, so there is 
probably none living of the family who bear the name. 

After receiving a preparatory education in the village school, Judge 
Blackford was sent to Princeton college, in his native State, where he 
graduated with high honors in his twentieth year. 

In 1806 he commenced the study of law with Colonel George Mc- 
Donald, in Somerville. Afterward finished the study of his profession 
with Gabriel Ford, of Morristown. 

In 181 1 he emigrated to the West, and settled in Brookville, Frank- 
lin county, in the Indiana territory, and was there admitted to the bar 
and commenced the practice of law. 

In 18 1 3 he was chosen principal clerk of the Territorial House of 
Representatives. Soon after, in the spring of 18 14, he was appointed 
by Governor Posey Circuit Judge of the First Judicial Circuit, and re- 
moved to Vincennes, Knox county. This office he resigned after the 
close of the fall term, in 18 15. 

In 1 8 16 he was elected to represent Knox county m the first State 
Legislature, and elected speaker of the House. 

In 1 817 he was put in nomination by Governor Jonathan Jennings, 
and confirmed by the Senate, to fill the place on the Supreme bench 
made vacant by the death of Judge Johnson. 

The latter position he held for thirty-five years without intermission. 



8o SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

discharging its duties with an ability seldom equaled. During the time 
he was on the Supreme bench he compiled and published eight volumes 
of the decisions of the court, which are held in great esteem by the legal 
fraternity, and which will stand as a monument to his great ability as a 
lawyer. 

In 1855 he was appointed by President Pierce one of the Judges of 
the Court of Claims, at Washington City, which office he held at the 
time of his death, which occurred on the 31st of December, 1859. ^"^ 
1827 he removed to Indianapolis, where he had free access to the 
archives of the State to aid him in the publication of his reports. 

During Judge Blackford's residence in Indianapolis he purchased some 
valuable property: the lot on the southeast corner of Washington and 
Meridian streets, upon which he built a fine business house, known as 
Blackford Block ; he also purchased several acres of the donation lands 
situated between New York and North streets and west of West street. 
This property he sold out in lots, and is known as Blackford's addition. 
During Judge Blackford's twenty-eight years residence in Indiana- 
polis no person had won the respect of the entire population to a greater 
extent ; as a friend, kind and accommodating ; as a man, high-minded and 
honorable ; as a judge, just and correct, a gentleman of the old style and 
finish. Judge Blackford sleeps in that beautiful city of the dead, Crown 
Hill, under a monument upon which is inscribed : 

HONORABLE ISAAC BL.\CKFORD, LL. D., 
Born in Somerset county. New Jersey, November 6, 1786; graduated at Princeton College 
in 1S06; emigrated to Indiana in iSll, and engaged in the practice of law; was Clerk of 
the House of the Territorial Legislature in 1813; was elected to the first Legislature after 
the formation of the State governmant from Knox county, and made Speaker of the House 
in 1816, and thereafter, the same year, chosen Presiding Judge of the First Circuit ; soon 
after, upon the death of Judge Johnson, was made Judge of the Supreme Court, which 
place he filled thirty-five years; in March 1855, upon the organization of the United States 
Court of Claims, was appointed by the President one of its Judges, and remained in that 
position until the time of his death, December 31st, 1859. 

The honors thus conferred were the just rewards of an industry that never wearied, 
of an integrity that was never questioned. 

DOUGLASS MAGUIRE, JUNIOR. 

Mr. Maguire is a native of the capital, born in Indianapolis, on the 
15th of February, 1S36. After receiving a good education, he engaged 
in business in 1855, when not twenty years of age. He had as partners 
John C. Wright and Hervey Bates, Jun., in the wholesale grocery trade. 
In a short time Mr. Wright withdrew from the firm, for the purpose of 



D L 'GLASS MA G UIRE, Ji 'iXIOR. g I 

going to Europe with his father, Governor Joseph A. Wright, who was 
appointed Minister to Prussia. In January, 1859, Messrs. Bates and 
Maguire retired from business. For the next year and a half Mr. Ma- 
guire traveled for the wholesale grocery house of Robert Hosea & Co. , 
of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

In August, i860, Mr. Wright having just returned from Europe, 
the old firm of Wright, Bates & Maguire was re-established in the same 
room in which they had first started five years previously, situated in 
the Bates House block, on West Washington street. 

In April, 1863, Messrs. Wright and Bates retired, and Aquilla Jones, 
Esq., and John A. Vinnege formed a new firm under the name of Ma- 
guire, Jones & Co. Mr. Maguire withdrew from this firm in Jul}-, 
1864, and in January, 1865, embarked in the grocery trade again, the 
firm consisting of Jacob A. Crossland, Douglass Maguire, Samuel C. 
Hanna and William J. Gillespie, under the name of Crossland, Maguire 
& Co., their place of business being the southwest corner of Meridian 
and Maryland streets, Schnull's block. This firm was favored with a 
large and prosperous trade, in fact the largest at that time of any house 
in the city, their sales being between seven hundred and seven hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars per annum. 

In 1869 Mr. Maguire retired from the grocery trade, and in connec- 
tion with his brother-in-law, William J. Gillespie, bought out the coffee 
and spice mill of Judson & Todd, the name of the firm being Maguire 
& Gillespie. 

In August, 1874, Mr. Maguire retired from the firm and built the 
Maguire hotel, on East Ohio street, to the keeping of which he is at 
present devoting most of his time. 

It will be seen that Mr. Maguire was one of the pioneers of the 
wholesale trade of the city, and contributed very largely in building up, 
under adverse circumstances, the immense trade now being done in this 
city. 

In August, 1858, Mr. Maguire was married to Miss Anna R. Gil- 
lespie, daughter of Mr. James Gillespie, who was also one of the " old 
settlers" of the city, and one of the best citizens. Mrs. Maguire's 
father has been dead many years, but her mother still lives, in good 
health and spirits, at the old homestead, on Delaware street, in this 
city. 

Mr. Magilire's father, Douglass Maguire, Sen., was one of the pro- 
prietors and editors of the second newspaper established in this place, 
in 1823, a sketch of whom will be found elsewhere. 



32 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

ROBERT B. DUNCAN. 

Mr. Duncan was born in Ontario county, New York, on the 15th of 
June, 1 8 10. In 1 8 17, with his father's family, he removed to the then 
village, now city, of Sandusky, Ohio. 

They remained at the late place until the spring of 1820. They then 
removed to what was known as the New Purchase in Indiana, and set- 
tled on what is now known as the " Conner Farm," four miles south of 
the site upon which the little city of Noblesville now stands. The last 
named place was the principal trading post of the Delaware Indians. 
Their last location was made previous to the selection of the four sec- 
tions upon which Indianapolis located, and but one white man lived at what 
was known as the mouth of Fall creek. I suppose it was at their last 
home Mr. Duncan took his first lesson in the use of the rifle (from the 
untutored Delaware boys), in which he became so proficient in after 
years. 

Shortly after the organization of Marion county, in 1822, which then 
embraced Madison and Hamilton, the family removed to Pike township, 
in Marion county proper, and settled on Eagle creek, where Robert re- 
mained until 1827, at which time he became a permanent citizen of 
Indianapolis and has never made his home any where else since. 

Soon after "coming to the then village he entered the office of the 
county clerk as deputy to the venerable James M. Ray. 

He remained as deputy clerk (in the meantime performing most of 
its duties) until 1834. On the retirement of Mr. Ray he became a can- 
didate for the place, his opponent being General Robert McHattin, who 
had formerly been a successful Kentucky politician, having defeated the 
celebrated Tecumseh killer. Colonel Richard M. Johnson. Mr. Duncan 
occupied the clerk's office by successive elections until 1850, in the 
meantime qualifying himself for the practice of law. At the age of 
forty he began the practice of his profession and has continued since, 
now in connection with his son, John S. Duncan, Esq. 

Since Mr. Duncan first became deputy clerk he has been, present at 
every term of the Marion county courts, and is more familiar with its 
records than any man living or dead. 

I understand from those who know that Mr. Duncan's success at the 
bar is mainly attributed to the careful preparation of his cases. He 
never suffers himself to be drawn into a trial until he is" ready. He 
listens carefully to what his clients have to say, then takes his own 
course in the management of the case ; hence his success. Mr. Duncan's 



OLD HELVE Y. 



83 



industry, perseverance and temperate habits have enabled him to become 
quite wealthy ; and in point of wealth, as well as citizenship, he is one 
of the leading men of the city. 

Mr. Duncan cast his first Presidential vote for Henry Clay in 1832, 
and strictly adhered to the fortunes of the old Whig party during its 
twenty years existence. He then, with the most of that party, became 
a Republican, and has been an earnest worker for its success, casting 
his last vote for Hayes and Wheeler. 

In December, 1843, he was married to Miss Mary E., daughter of 
Doctor John H. Sanders, of this city, by whom he has several children; 
among them John S. Duncan, who has gained a fine reputation for 
legal ability, having been called on several occasions to preside in 
important cases in the courts. 

Mrs. Duncan yet lives to preside over the Duncan household. 

OLD HELVEY 

Lived on the school section (No. 16), west of Eagle creek, and near 
what was called the "big raspberry patch." His house was the head- 
quarters for dances and sprees of all kinds. He made it a point to 
invite all the " new comers," on first sight, to visit him. 

He made the acquaintance of the late Colonel A. W. Russell soon 
after the arrival of the latter to the " new settlement." He invited him 
to come over and become acquainted with his family. Said he, " Thar's 
no such gals in the settlement as Old Helvey's ; thar's Bash, and Vine, 
and Tantrabogus, and the like o' that. 

' ' I'll tell ye, stranger, that Bash is a hoss. I would like you to 
come over and take a rassell with her. She throwed Old 'Likum Hard- 
ing, best two in three ; 'tother was a dog fall, but Bash soon turned him 
and got on top on him. 

" Vine ain't slow for ten steps, as Ole Jim McCoy sez. She flirted 
Cader Carter every lick. Cader wanted to spark her, but the gal 
thought she seed nigger in his eye. It wouldn't do, stranger. Vine's 
clear grit, as Jerry Johnson sez. 

"Now, you are from Kaintuck; you watch Cader's eye; see if thar 
ain't nigger thar. 

"I'll tell you, stranger, that gal Bash killed the biggest buck that's 
been killed in the New Purchase. She shot off-hand, seventy-five yards. 
He was a real three-spiker, no mistake. 

" There's a lame schoolmaster from Jarsey arter Bash, and the gal. 



84 



SA-ETCHES OF PROMIXEh'T CITIZENS. 



I b'leve, has a kind of hankering arter him. He can't dance much, but 
he's an awful sight of book larnin'. He used to keep a school in Jar- 
sey. He's mighty nice kin folks. He's kin to them new comers, John- 
sons and Cools. You know that Doctor Cool. He degraded in college. 
The school teacher ain't far ahind him. So, stranger, come over and see 
what kind of gals Old Helvey's are, anyhow." 

Mr. Russell accepted Mr. Helvey's invitation, and was frequently a 
guest at his house, and when he came all had to stand back, even the 
lame schoolmaster. He became a great favorite with the family gener- 
ally. The old lady said " he was the only man in the New Purchase 
that could play Yankee Doodle or Leather Breeches right on the fiddle, " 
and after that dancing never commenced until " Young Kaintuck " had 
arrived. 

The lame schoolmaster was successful, and won the hand as well as 
the heart of Miss Bashaby. Young' Kaintuck was master of ceremouies 
on the occasion of the wedding. There are many of the guests yet 
living. 

After the bride and groom had retired, the whisky gave out. There 
was no way of getting more of it except at Mr. Landis' grocery. He 
was present, but there was no pen, pencil or paper with which an order 
could be sent to his clerk. Old Helvey suggested that Mr. Landis 
should send his knife, which would be recognized by the young man, 
and would certainly bring the whisky. This was done, and the whisky 
came, to the great joy of all present. Mr. Helvey thought the bride 
and groom must be dry by this time, so he took the jug to them and 
made them drink to the health of the guests. 

Miss Viney soon followed her sister, and became the wife of Cham 
pion Helvey, her cousin. At this wedding there was a grand serenade 
by Nathaniel Cox's minstrels, which was under his direction. The prin- 
cipal musical instrument was a horse-fiddle. 

Old Helvey distinguished himself in many hotly-contested battles at 
Jerry Collins' grocery, and never failed to vanquish his adversary-, and 
fairly won the trophies of war, which were, generally, an eye, a piece of 
an ear, a part of a finger, or a slice of flesh from some exposed part of 
his antagonist's person. In Mr. Helvey's house could be found a great 
variety of munitions of war, such as rifles, shot guns, muskets, toma- 
hawks, scalping and butcher-knives. .In his yard were all kinds of dogs, 
from the surly bulldog to the half-wolf or "Injun dog." In his pound 




'c€<X^ 



CALVnX FLETCHER. 



87 



or stable was a variety of Indian ponies. In his second cabin, used for 
a kitchen, 

" Dried pumpkins over-head were strung, 
Where venison hams in plenty hung." 

After the treaty with the Miamis of the Wabash, at the mouth of 
Little river, in the year 1832, Mr. Helvey moved to the treaty ground, 
and there died. 

CALVIN FLETCHER. 

The first lawyer that came to this place, about the middle of August, 
1821. He was a native of Vermont, and there educated. His first 
residence in the west was at Urbana, Ohio, where he taught school, and 
studied law with James Cooley, an eminent and distinguished lawyer of 
that place, and for whom he named his first child, James Cooley Fletcher, 
who was for several years Consul to Brazil. 

Mr. Fletcher and his young wife came by way of Winchester and 
down White river in a small two-horse wagon, that contained all his 
worldly goods. There was a cabin stood near my father's, a man 
named Winslow had raised and covered, but no floor was made ; a door 
was cut out, and a place for a chimney. My father advised him to take 
possession of it, as it was not likely the owner would ever use it, it 
being understood he had declined moving to the place since it had 
proved so sickly. The cabin was situated about the middle of the 
square between Missouri and West streets, and Washington and Mary- 
land streets. It was here Mr. Fletcher lived the first year of his resi- 
dence in Indianapolis, and until Mr. Blake had built a small one-story 
frame house (the first in the place) about the middle of the square on 
the south side of Washington, between Illinois and Tennessee streets. 
In this house his first two children, James and Elijah, were born. 

After the death of my father Mr. Fletcher borrowed of my mother 
a horse for the purpose of attending court at Pendleton. While in his 
possession the animal foundered so badly that he died. Mr. Fletcher 
bought of Mr. Blake the only horse in the settlement, that was for sale, 
to replace the one that had died. This was not so good a horse as the 
one he had got of my mother. Said he, " When your daughter is old 
enough, and is married, I may be able to give her a better horse, and 
(pointing to the babe on my mother's lap), when she is married I will 
give her one also." Both of those pledges he faithfully kept, the latter 
twenty-five years after it was made, thus giving three horses for one. 
6 



88 SKETCHES OF PROM IN EXT CITIZENS. 

Mr. Fletcher was the first prosecuting attorney for this Judicial 
Circuit, and when practicing before magistrates had frequently to ex- 
plain the law both for and against his client. 

Mr. Fletcher was elected Senator for the district composed of the 
counties of Marion, Madison and Hamilton ; and it was while a Senator 
he first met in that body that irritable old bachelor and Irishman, "John 
Ewing, of Knox." 

Mr. Fletcher was quick to discover the weak points in Mr. Ewing's 
character, and amused himself and the Senate often by attacking them. 
Mr. Ewing was one of the most talented men of the Senate, and had 
been very overbearing toward his associates, but had never met his 
match in wit and sarcasm until he met the "Yankee pony," as he called 
Mr. Fletcher. 

Many a practical joke did he play upon his associates at the bar 
while traveling the circuit. On one occasion himself, Harvey Gregg 
and Hiram Brown were going to attend the Johnson Circuit Court ; Mr. 
Brown wore a very high-crowned hat, which Mr. Fletcher said resem- 
bled a North Carolina tar bucket. At or near Greenwood Mr. Brown 
stopped a few minutes, while Messrs. Fletcher and Gregg rode on. 
They had not gone far when they met a traveler ; said Mr. Fletcher to 
him, " You will meet a man riding a white horse, tell him we have 
found the tar bucket ;" and so he told every person they met between 
that and Franklin, and by the time Mr. Brown reached the latter place 
he had been told at least a dozen times that they had found the tar 
bucket, which annoyed him very much. 

Mr. Fletcher was a successful practitioner of the law for about thirty 
years. His unequaled success was as much the result of his close ap- 
plication and attention to the business entrusted to his care as to his 
talent ; he was during nearly the whole time he practiced the collecting 
lawyer for Eastern merchants, throughout the State. This great busi- 
ness he got through the influence of his friend, the late Nicholas Mc- 
Carty. 

At the time Mr. Fletcher first came to Indianapolis there was a strong 
prejudice existing among the people against the Yankees (as all Eastern 
people were called), but he soon overcame this by his disposition to suit 
himself to the times, and taking a deep interest in the welfare and suc- 
cess of all the settlers, and his attention to them in that trying time 
when nearly every family was helpless by sickness. 

As I have said before, he was worth but little in property when he 
first came to this place, but he brought with him that which afterwards 



INCIDENTS OF 1821 AND 1S22. 3q 

made him a fortune, and one for each of his numerous family, /'. e., per- 
severance, industry and economy. At the time of his death, 1867, he 
owned and managed some of the finest farms in this and the adjoining 
counties, and I have been told that the immediate cause of his death 
was over-exertion on one of them. One of Mr. Fletcher's maxims, and 
by which he was governed, was never to leave until to-morrow that 
which could be done to-day. 

The first night he spent in Indianapolis was under my father's roof; 
and he was for many years after the death of my father the friendly 
adviser of our family. 

About the time of his death it was said that he came to this place 
a laborer; this was not true ; to my certain knowledge he never did a 
day's work for any other person but himself, save in a professional way, 
or assisting at house-raisings or log-rollings, after he came to this place. 

Mr. Fletcher has several sons residing in the city and county, all of 
whom inherit the leading traits of their father's character. 

He was a contributor to the fund for the erection of nearly every 
church built in the city, from the beginning up to the time of his death. 
He ever took great interest in Sunday schools, and was for many years 
the superintendent of one. Such was Calvin Fletcher. 

INCIDENTS OF 1821 AND 1822. 

The first dance of any kind that came off in Indianapolis, with per- 
haps the exception of that of the war or scalp dance of the tawny Del- 
aware or dusky Pottawatomie, was at the double cabin of John Wyant, 
in December, 182 1, on the bank of White river, near where Kingan's 
pork house now stands. 

Mr. Wyant had invited the entire dancing population of the " new 
settlement," men, women and children. The father and mother of the 
writer were there, as well as himself. Indeed, there was but little of a 
public nature in Indianapolis at that early day that I did not see, al- 
though there were many private transactions that I did not witness for 
the want of an invitation, but I have heard considerable about them 
since. 

There was a charge of twenty- five cents admittance for each male 
adult that attended this "gathering;" this charge was to furnish the 
fluids, which was the only costly article used on those occasions. 

The guests had begun to arrive, and while the landlord was in 
"t'other house," as the second cabin was called, my father (having been 



90 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



educated iu a different school of etiquette from that of Mr. Wyant), 
thought it but politeness to invite Mrs. Wyant with him to open and put 
the ball in motion, which she gracefully accepted, and they were, with 
others, going it in fine style when the landlord returned. He at once 
commanded the music, which was being drawn from the bowels of a 
dilapidated looking fiddle by the late Colonel A. \V. Russell, to stop, 
which order was instantly obeyed. 

Mr. Wyant said, "as far as himself and wife were concerned, they 
were capable of and able to do their own dancing, and that he thought 
it would look better for every man to dance with his own wife ; those 
who had no wife could dance with the 'gals.' " This order, as far as 
Mr. and Mrs. Wyant were concerned, was strictly adhered to and faithfully 
carried out the balance of the night. When the guests were ready to 
leave, at dawn of day, Mr. and Mrs. Wyant were still "bobbing around " 
together, oblivious to surrounding circumstances, and seemed highly de- 
lighted with each other's society. 

The second marriage in the New Purchase was early in the year 1822, 
that of Uriah Gates to Miss Patsy Chinn, daughter of Thomas Chinn. 
Mr. Chinn lived on the north bank of Pogue's creek, near the residence 
of the late Governor Noble; he lived in a double cabin, one of which 
was very large ; the other was of the ordinary size, about eighteen by 
twenty feet square. In the latter room was a dirt floor ; in this room 
the dinner table was made the day preceding the wedding. The table 
was made by driving forked poles into the ground of sufficient height 
and number ; on these upright poles others were laid the length of the 
room ; on these last poles puncheons were laid crosswise, which consti- 
tuted the table. 

The invited guests began to arrive on the morning of the wedding 
about nine o'clock; the large cabin was being pretty well filled; the 
elder ladies came for the purpose of assisting Mrs. Chinn in the culinary 
department, the younger ones for dancing, so soon as the marriage cer- 
emony should be performed. As the two rooms were already occupied 
the bride had to make her toilet in the smoke house, where she received 
the bridegroom and his retinue. About half-past ten o'clock they were 
seen winding their way up the bank of Pogue's creek, and met the bride 
and her next friend in the house indicated above. 

About eleven o'clock, and after it was known that the 'Squire had 
arrived, they came forth from the smoke-house and went to the large 
cabin, where they were made man and wife with the shortest number of 
words the 'Squire had at his command to perform the ceremony. 



INCIDENTS OF iSsi AND 1S22. gj 

Then the older guests and the bride and groom were invited to the 
dinner cabin. As I was more deeply interested in this part of the pro- 
gramme, I went along as a spectator and to reconnoiter, and to take a 
peep at the good things in store for me at the proper time. 

On either end of the table was a large, fat wild turkey, still hot and 
smoking as when taken from the clay oven in which they were roasted ; 
in the middle of the table and midway between the turkeys was a fine 
saddle of venison, part of a buck killed the day before by Mr. Chinn 
expressly for the occasion. The spaces between the turkeys and veni- 
son were filled with pumpkin, chicken and various other kinds of pies \ 
from the side-table or puncheon Mrs. Chinn, assisted by the old ladies, 
was issuing coffee, which was taken from a large sugar-kettle that was. 
hanging over the fire ; by the side of the tin coffee-pot, on this side- 
table was a large tin pan filled with maple sugar, and a gallon pitcher of 
delicious cream. 

Although there was no great display of silver or China ware on that 
rude table, there was all that the most fastidious appetite could desire, 
and even at this day it might be considered "a dainty dish to set before- 
a king." The dessert and pastry were got up without the aid of a. 
"French cook." Such was the first fashionable wedding dinner in 
Indianapolis. 

While the first party invited to the table were engaged in stowing 
away its contents and complimenting the bride and groom, those in the 
marriage room were "tripping the light fantastic toe" to the tune of 
" Leather Breeches." 

After the bride and groom had left the table they were invited to 
join in (as Beau Hickman would say) the festivities of the occasion. 
The bridegroom excused himself, as he had no " ear for music or foot 
for dancing, but was ready for fun in any other shape that might be 
offered." 

The dancing was continued for two days and nights after the wed- 
ding. I remember that my father and mother came home after day- 
light the second day, slept until the afternoon, then went back and put 
in another night. 

It may be proper to say that farmer Tom Johnson was conspicuous 
among the guests at this wedding, and never did his curls that hung 
down on his cheeks, and his white linen pantaloons with black ribbon 
draw-strings at the bottom, tied in a bow-knot, appear to better advan- 
tage than they did on this occasion ; although Tom had not yet seen a 
"purranner," he seemed to enjoy the music and dancing. 



92 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



Mr. Gates died but a few years since ; he was the father of Mr. John 
Gates, the well known and popular blacksmith of our city. 

On the morning of the 4th of July, 1822, my father's family was 
aroused before daylight by persons hallooing in front of our door. It 
turned out to be Captain James Richey, who lived near the bluffs, and 
a young man and lady that had placed themselves under the 'Captain's 
charge, and ran away from obdurate parents for the purpose of being 
married. Mr. Richey was not slow in making known to my father 
what they wanted, and intimated that "what it were well to do, 'twere 
well it were done quickly." He and my father soon found the county 
clerk (the venerable James M. Ray) at Carter's Rosebush tavern, :and 
procured the necessary legal document, and the services of Judge Wil- 
liam W. Wick, and before breakfast the two were made one. 

They had scarcely arisen from the breakfast table before the young 
lady was confronted by her angry father. Captain Richey informed 
him that he was just a few minutes too late, and that he had not lost 
"a darter," as he supposed, but had gained a son, and that when old 
Jim Richey undertook to do anything, he did it with all his might, and 
accomplished his object. 

The parties were reconciled and invited to attend the barbecue and 
ball that was to take place that day, which they did. 

This was the first fourth of July celebration in Indianapolis. The 
barbecue was in the middle of Washington street, just west of Missouri. 
A fine buck had been killed the day before by Robert Harding, and 
was roasted whole, and was partaken of by the entire population of the 
town and surrounding country. 

After dinner the people were entertained by a teamster from Dayton, 
Ohio, who dressed himself in fantastic or clownish style, singing comic 
songs and in various other ways amusing the people. This was the 
first clown that performed in public in this place, although we have had 
them by hundreds since in our legislative halls, courts of justice, and 
political conventions. 

Soon after the clown was through with his performance the dancing 
commenced in a large, unfinished frame building on the north side of 
Washington street, near where the barbecue was, and continued until 
some time on the fifth. This was the first public dinner and ball in 
Indianapolis. 

In writing these incidents my object is to show the great difference, . 
and contrast the customs of the early citizens of this place with those of 



INCIDENTS OF 1S21 AND 1S22. 



93 



the present day, and the variety of character found among the early 
citizens. 

I have recurred so often lately to those early scenes in the history 
of this city, that it has led me to ask myself the question and inquire 
where was there contentment and true happiness found if not in the 
pioneers of Indianapolis ? 

There were no finely decorated halls then as now, no cornet or 
fine string bands to pour forth their melodious strains of music, no fine 
carriages, with drivers in livery, to take the ladies to the dance, no kid- 
gloved or paper-collared gentlemen to help them in and out of the car- 
riage, no white-aproned servants to hand them the iced custards and 
creams. 

They were content then to dance in the log cabin, on a puncheon 
floor ; were glad of an opportunity of listening to the musical strains of 
Champ Helvey, drawn from a three-stringed fiddle ; were happy to be 
able to walk to the place barefoot and save their shoes for dancing; 
they were rejoiced to meet Tom Johnson there with his beautiful curls 
and white pants ; and when they were hungry were able to help them- 
selves to the chicken pie or roast venison. 

Then, when merry autumn came with its profusion of mellow rich- 
ness, its luxuriant and happy associations, and above all, the bounti- 
ful supply of the productions of the soil to gladden the hearts of man 
and beast, would the hardy pioneers assemble together, and, with their 
families, celebrate the end of the summer's toil and labor in the manner 
described in this sketch. 

These cabins were scattered over a radius of two miles, and their 
location was only known to the weary traveler as he journeyed along 
the lonely Indian trace, by the slowly and lazily rising wreaths of blue 
smoke that here and there curled above the trees of the dense forests 
that once stood where now stands this beautiful city. This was all that 
marked the presence of man. 

I would ask the "old settlers " of Indianapolis, especially those that 
were here at the time I am writing of, were not these primitive their 
happiest days in this city ? 

Since I commenced writing these sketches I have been, in imagina- 
tion, carried back so often to those days that I have wished myself a 
boy again, 

" When blight dreams of my childhood, fair scenes of my youth, 
So laden with visions of friendship and truth ; 
And when come the dark hours of sadness and pain. 
Their memory illumes my pathway again." 



p4 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

COLONEL JOHN WISHARD 

Was born at what was then called "Red Stone Fort," now Brownville, 
Pennsylvania, on the Monongahela river, in June, 1792. His father, 
William Wishard, was of Scotch and Irish decent, and came to America 
just before the Revolutionary war and settled near Philadelphia. He took 
part in the war and was in a number of battles. At the close of the 
war he settled at " Red Stone Fort;" the next year the subject of this 
sketch, Colonel John Wishard, was born. 

In 1793 William Wishard built a flat boat and in it moved his family 
down the Ohio river to Old Lime Stone, near Maysville, Kentucky. 
He then settled on a farm on Licking river, near Park's Ferry, Nicholas 
county. At that time the Indians were committing depredations of all 
kinds on both settlers and emigrants. They were waging their war all 
over the "dark and bloody ground," as Kentucky was called, which 
rendered the lives and property of its citizens precarious. After the 
death of his father, which was in 18 14, Colonel Wishard took charge of 
the homestead, and there lived until 1825, when he removed to Johnson 
county, Indiana, ten miles south of Indianapolis. 

Between the years 18 10 and 1820 he made several trips to New 
Orleans, and walked home, traveling through the country belonging to 
the different tribes of Indians. 

On one of these trips he landed his boat at New Orleans but a few 
days after the brilliant victory of General Jackson over the British on 
the 8th day of January, 1811;. 

In April, 18 15, he was married to Miss Agnes H. Oliver, who was 
born near Lexington, Kentucky, her parents emigrating from Virginia 
in 1782. 

In the spring of 1825 Colonel Wishard came to Indiana on horse- 
back, bringing with him a set of gear for one horse and an ax, for the 
purpose of clearing land. 

After having cleared a small field for corn, potatoes and turnips, he 
returned to Kentucky for his family, and arrived at his wilderness home 
in October of that year. At that time his family consisted of himself, 
wife, four sons and one daughter. He took part in all labors incident 
to the settlement of a new country — such as log rolling, house raising, 
&c. In 1832, when the Indians were committing depredations upon 
the frontier settlements of Illinois, and which was called the Black 
Hawk war, Colonel Wishard raised a company and joined the expedi- 



JEREMIAH J. CORBALEY. pg 

tion with the regiment known as the " bloody three hundred," an account 
of which will be found elsewhere. 

During the fall of 1849 Mr. Wishard's wife died, since which he has 
remained single. He now resides with his daughter, Mrs. T. B. Noble, 
at Greenwood. Although he is now in his eighty-sixth year, he is quite 
hale and healthy. His whole family now is composed of four sons and 
two daughter, all of whom are, with himself, members of the Presby- 
terian church. • 

His eldest son, Dr. William H. Wishard (a sketch of whom will be 
found elsewhere), is the coroner of Marion county, and a resident of 
this city. 

JEREMIAH J. CORBALEY. 

Mr. Corbaley was one of the few settlers that was living in Marion 
county when the writer first arrived here, and was one of the pioneers 
of the New Purchase. He was born in the State of Delaware in 
1789. His father, Richard Corbaley, was a native of Ireland, and 
settled at Odessa, Delaware, where he married an English lady. He 
then removed to Washington City, before the laying of the foundation 
of the first capital building, where he died, leaving four sm.all children. 
The widow then removed to Cecil county, Maryland. Jeremiah re- 
mained with his mother and grew to manhood before her death. In 
1 8 16 he came to the territory northwest of the Ohio river, and followed 
teaching school. Near Hamilton, Ohio, he formed the acquaintance of 
Jane, eldest daughter of Robert Barnhill, to whom he was married in 18 19. 

Mr. Corbaley brought with him from Maryland about six hundred 
dollars, which he intended to invest in land. He entrusted it with a 
merchant of Hamilton who failed, and he was left without means. 

In March, 1820, he came to Marion county with Mr. Barnhill, his 
father-in-law, and settled on the bank of Fall creek, near where Patter- 
son's old mill stood, just outside the Donation, where he remained two 
years. On the 7th of August, 1820, his son Richard was born, being 
the first white child born in the New Purchase. 

Richard Corbaley now lives in California. Owing to the great dis- 
tress caused by sickness the first two years after they came to Indianapo- 
lis, Mr. Barnhill having died, the family removed to a piece of land they 
had bought on Eagle creek, in the northwest part of the county. Being 
industrious, it was not many years until each member of the family had 
a good farm, and from the rich soil they had a fair reward for their 
labor. One of the great drawbacks was the distance they had to travel 



q6 sketches of prominent citizens. 

for a market for their grain, which had to be hauled in wagons to the 
Ohio river, where they would receive about fifty cents per bushel for 
wheat. Mr. Corbaley was the business man for the whole neighbor- 
hood, being a good English scholar, and remained as such until his 
death, which occurred on the nth of January, 1844. For many years 
he was a justice of the peace for Wayne township. He was one of the 
commissioners appointed by the Legislature to locate the seat of justice 
for the counties of Clinton and Fulton, FranWort and Rochester being 
their location. 

Mr. Corbaley made a trip from this place to his old home in Mary- 
land on horseback. In traveling through a wilderness country, twenty 
miles between houses, he was attacked by a panther. It being near 
night, with the aid of a flintlock pistol and a piece of tow, he was 
enabled to kindle a fire, which kept the beast at bay during the night. 
The last he saw of the panther was about daylight when the fire was 
renewed. 

Mr. and Mrs. Corbaley raised a family of ten children, which was 
but an average number for the pioneers of Indiana, all of whom married 
before the death of Mrs. Corbaley, which occurred April 7th, 1870. 
Eight children are yet living. I well remember Mr. Corbaley as one 
of the most substantial farmers of the county, and one whose word was 
considered as good as his bond. 

SAMUEL B. CORBALEY, 

Fourth son of the late Jeremiah J. Corbaley, was born at the old home- 
stead on Eagle creek, in Marion county, on the 17th of February, 1834. 

After the death of his father he remained with his mother, working 
on the farm during the summer, and in the winter attending such schools 
as were kept in the common log school houses of that day, receiving 
but a limited education. 

At the age of seventeen he obtained the consent of his mother to 
go into the office of his brother Richard, who was then clerk of Mar- 
shall county. 

He started on foot, and made the trip to Plymouth in that way in 
three and a half days, over the Michigan road, known to be one of the 
worst public thoroughfares in the State. Starting with three dollars in 
his pocket, which was of his own accumulation, he had thirty-five cents 
left when he reached his destination. 

He resided ten years in Marshall county, eight of which he did duty 



OB ED FOOTE. gy 

in the offices of the clerk and recorder of the county. He was pro- 
ficient with the pen, and has left a monument to his efficiency and quali- 
fications as a public officer. He returned to this county in 1861, and 
has been a permanent resident of the city since 1862. 

Mr. Corbaley served three years as bookkeeper in the large furniture 
establishment of Spiegel, Thorns & Co. He then engaged in the family 
grocery business on West Washington street, where he is yet and has 
been for the past eight years, doing a very safe business. 

His motto has been to " make his word good in all contracts," even 
should he incur loss thereby. I understand his paper is as good among 
the wholesale men on Meridian street as any dealer in the city. 

He was first married in Plymouth to Miss Amanda Dawson of that 
place ; she lived ten years after marriage ; he had two daughters by that 
marriage, both of whom died. He was again married on the 4th of 
April, 1867, to Miss Eliza A. Cassel, eldest daughter of William Cassel, 
Esq., one of the prominent farmers of this county. By this marriage 
he also has two children, Lucella and George. 

With Mr. Corbaley the writer has been on intimate terms for year.=, 
and can write of him understandingly, and feel justified in saying that 
no man in the city stands fairer with his acquaintances than Mr. Corbaley. 

OBED FOOTE. 

This eccentric gentleman was a native of the State of Delaware, a 
lawyer by profession, though he did but little in that line after he came 
to this place, except as a justice of the peace. He became a citizen of 
Indianapolis late in the fall of 1821. He was then a single man, but on 
the bachelor order, and kept "bachelor's hall" for some years. He 
resided on the north side of Washington, east of the alley, between Del- 
aware and Pennsylvania streets. 

Soon after he was eligible he was elected a magistrate, which office 
he held until he died, September, 1833. 

On one occasion he was plowing in his corn-field, in the north part 
of the Donation, when a couple came to him and wished him to go 
to his office' for the purpose of uniting them in marriage. He in- 
quired if they had the license with them, and being answered in the 
affirmative, he called a man who was plowing in an adjoining field as a 
witness ; he then ordered the bride and groom to stand up in the fence 
corner, and there he performed the ceremony, after which he gave in- 
structions to the groom more pointed than classic. 



gS SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITiZENS. 

Mr. Foote was a man of more than ordinary native, as well as ac- 
quired ability, and possessed a large fund of general information. 

His first wife was the eldest daughter of Luke Walpole; they had 
one child, a son, who is named for the father ; he now resides in Paris, 
Illinois. His second wife was a widow Davis. They also had one 
child, a daughter, who is now the wife of Mr. Frederick Baggs, a gen- 
tleman well known in the business and social circles of this city. 

Mrs. Baggs is the half or step-sister of Mrs. McCready, wife of James 
McCready, once the mayor of this city. 

Mr. Foote died in the prime of life, and long before this city assumed 
to be anything more than a country village. 

HERVEY BATES, 

The first sheriff of Marion county, was a native of Cincinnati, Ohio — 
born in that place when it was called Fort Washington, in the year 1795- 
His father was master of transportation, during the Indian war, under 
Generals Wayne and Harmar, and chiefly engaged in forwarding pro- 
visions and munitions of war from the frontier posts to the army in the 
wilderness. At that time it was an unbroken wilderness from Old Fort 
Washington (now Cincinnati), to Detroit, in Michigan Territory 

When Mr. Bates was quite young, not more than five or six years of 
age, he lost his mother; his father married again, and he, failing (as 
most children do) to find a true one in the person of the step-mother, 
left the paternal roof and launched his bark upon the broad ocean of life, 
as it were, without sail or rudder. 

At the age of six years he went to Lebanon, Warren county, Ohio, 
where he met with friends and received a fair English education, at least 
sufficient to fit and qualify him for the ordinary pursuits of life at that 
early day. 

About the time that he had attained his majority he came to Brook- 
ville, Franklin county, where he met with and was married to Miss Sid- 
ney Sedgwick, a cousin of General James Noble, United States Senator, 
and the late Governor Noah Noble, and thus far, like ' ' John Anderson 
and his worthy spouse," have glided down the stream of time together. 
At Brookville, in 18 16, he cast his first vote for a delegate to form a 
constitution for the new State of Indiana. 

Soon after Mr. Bates' marriage he removed to Connersville, where 
he remained until February, 1822, when he came to where this city 
now stands. 



HERVEY BATES. 



99 



Jonathan Jennings, who was the first Governor after the State was 
admitted into the Union, had appointed WiUiam W. Wick president 
judge of this (the fifth) judicial circuit, and Hervey Bates sheriff of 
Marion county, which then embraced several of the surrounding coun- 
ties for judicial purposes, investing Mr. Bates with the power of putting 
the necessary legal machinery of the county in motion. This he did by 
issuing a proclamation for an election to be held on the first day of 
April for the purpose of electing a clerk of the court and other county 
officers, which was the first election of any kind held in the New Pur- 
chase. 

At the October election Mr. Bates was chosen and elected sheriff 
for the regular term of two years, after which he refused to be a candi- 
date again. He did not seem to partake of the love of office, or had 
not the taste for public preferment that was peculiar to others hailing 
from the same section he did. 

After the term of office for which he was elected expired, he entered 
into mercantile and other pursuits more congenial to his feelings. Into 
all his business enterprises he brought great energy and industry, which 
are very nearly always rewarded by success, as was the case with him. 
He seemed to think with Richleieu, and acted upon the principle that 
"in the bright lexicon of youth there was no such word as fail." He 
possessed, in an eminent degree, the mainsprings to prosperity and suc- 
cess — integrity, industry and economy — without which but few succeed. 

Mr. Bates was the first and for ten years President of the Branch of 
the State Bank, located in this place, and no institution of the kind, 
either in or out of the State, was more successful, not only for the bank, 
but beneficial to the business and trading part of the community while 
under his management. Indeed, it was through the assistance of the 
bank that most of the surplus produce of this and several of the adjoin- 
ing counties was able to reach a market. I have known this bank to 
withhold from our merchants and best business men of the city, that 
they might be the more able to accommodate the produce dealers, and 
thereby assist the farmer, keep the money in the hands of our own citi- 
zens and benefit the whole country. This wise and judicious course of 
the bank, of which he was the principal, was a lasting benefit to the 
producers of the county, which should long be remembered by them. 

He was instrumental in getting up the first insurance company, a 
stockholder in the first hotel built by a company, the first railroad that 
was finished to this place, the first and only gas light and coke company, 
and indeed nearly every public enterprise of the city. 



lOO SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

In 1852 he commenced, and afterwards finished, that large and pala- 
tial hotel, the Bates House, at that time one of the finest in the west. 
This house was built at a cost of sixty thousand dollars, subsequent im- 
provements making the whole cost seventy-five thousand dollars, and 
could not be built at this time for much less than double that amount. 

There are many other business and private buildings scattered 
throughout the city that own their existence to the energy and means 
of Mr. Bates. 

He has ever been a liberal contributor to our religious and benevo- 
lent institutions ; was a warm friend of Henry Ward Beecher during his 
residence in this city and in his less prosperous days. 

Mr. Bates died on the 6th of July, 1876 ; his wife preceded him a 
few years. He leaves but two children — Hervey Bates, Jun., and Mrs. 
L. M. Vance. Although Mr. Bates had lived out his four score years, 
the old citizens felt that they had lost one whom they could not very 
well spare. 

DOUGLASS MAGu'lRE, SENIOR, 

Was born in Fayette county, Kentucky, on the 29th of April, 1799. 
He came to Indianapolis early in the year 1823, and in connection with 
Harvey Gregg, established the second newspaper in this place, known 
as the Western Censor and Emigrant's Guide. 

In November, 1824, Mr. Gregg sold his interest in the paper to John 
Douglass, who had the contract for printing the laws of the State, the 
firm being Douglass & Maguire. The name of the paper was changed to 
that of the Indiana Journal ; it has changed proprietors and editors sev- 
eral times since until to-day we hear it cried by the newsboy as the Indi- 
anapolis Daily Journal. 

Mr. Maguire was a ready and forcible political writer, whose pen 
rendered service to the old Whig party, of which he was one of the 
leaders in Indiana. He was the personal as well as political friend of 
Mr. Clay, to whom he bore a striking resemblance. 

During Mr. Clay's visit to this city on the 5th of October, 1842, 
he spent an evening at the house of, and took tea with, his old Ken- 
tucky friend. He represented this county in the Legislature ; was Aud- 
itor of State ; was always foremost in organizing political conventions 
and meetings ; in fact, was looked to to perform such duties by the peo- 
ple. He never left anything necessary for the success of his party un- 
done that would honorably redound to its interest. He was a thorough 
political worker. 




•.rsteui3rvs i.C9 li»duuuipoUeliO-^W>hLC.InStUtU« . 



JiU^d 






JACOB LAND IS. IO3 

Mr. Maguire was married at Bainbridge, Ohio, on the 15 th of Feb- 
ruary, 1830, to Miss Rebecca Porter of that place, a sister of Messrs. 
Henry and Edward Porter, leading merchants at that time at this place. 
He died in October, 1857, leaving many friends but no enemies. 



JACOB LANDIS. 

When I come to speak of my personal friend of over fifty years, 
and one of my first employers as a store-boy, I am reminded of many 
incidents connected with his long residence in this city that would be 
interesting to the reader, if the space would allow and I were able to 
depict them as they occurred. 

Mr. Landis came to this place early in the spring of 1822, a young 
as well as single man. He built a cabin on the south side of the State 
House square, near Mississippi street, and there for a year or two dealt 
out his wet as well as dry ware of different kinds to the dry and thirsty 
citizens of the New Purchase. 

His housfe was the scene of many practical jokes, many of which 
have been referred to in other places in this work ; and sometimes the 
joke turned upon him, as in this case : 

He had a customer who lived in Urbana, Ohio, a painter by trade. 
This man had managed to get into Mr. Landis' debt for solids and 
liquids to the amount of about ten dollars ; he wished to return home 
for the purpose of seeing friends and raising the wherewith to liquidate 
that for which he had already liquored. In order to raise the ways and 
means he proposed to Mr. Landis that if he would furnish him ten dollars 
more he would leave in pledge for the whole amount of indebtedness 
his box of tools, including his diamond used for cutting glass, all of 
which were very valuable. This proposition Mr. Landis readily acceded 
to, as it would secure what was already due. The honest painter 
brought the box, neatly packed and nailed, with two brushes on the 
outside. Mr. Landis advanced the money, and in a few days the painter 
was enjoying the society of kindred and friends. 

Some weeks after a well known citizen, VViUis A. Reed, wanted to 
use some sash-tools that could not be had in the stores, and knowing 
that this man had had them, got permission of Mr. Landis to open the 
box and use them. When the box was opened a few copies of the 
Indianapolis Gazette came first in view, and then about a half bushel of 
as fine a specimen of White river corn as could be found in the settle- 
ment, but no painter's tools. 



I04 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



Mr. Landis afterward met him in Cincinnati and charged him with 
the trick. He again turned the joke on him by denying his identity, 
and saying Mr. Landis was mistaken in the man. 

Mr. Landis has held many lucrative and responsible offices within 
the gift of the people of the county — such as sheriff and collector, county 
treasurer, etc., and enjoyed the confidence of the masses to a consid- 
erable extent ; and, indeed, on several occasions has had a fortune 
within his grasp had he looked more to money than to what was just 
and right ; in fact, he never learned to use the adverb which Webster 
defines to mean denial. I have known him, while countj- treasurer, to 
advance the taxes of his friends, and those that were unable to pay, to 
save their property from sale, and, consequently, additional costs, which 
would come into his pocket. How unlike the officers of the present 
day. Sheriffs then could not build a four-story block on the fees of a 
single term. 

The writer was for several years employed as a clerk in his store, 
and has known him to let the pqor have goods when he certainly must 
have known they were unable, or would be, to pay for them. The con- 
sequence is he has yet to continue to labor, and does so as much as he 
did forty-seven years ago ; and while many have accumulated wealth by 
grinding and oppressing the poor, Jake Landis has ever been their 
friend, and has carried out the injunction of the Bible more by practice 
than by profession or precept, "Remember the poor." 

Mr. Landis died on the 20th of December, 1874. His wife survived 
him about two years. On the first of July preceding his death he and 
his wife celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of their marriage, or their 
golden wedding. 

LUKE WALPOLE AND FAMILY. 

The father of the late Thomas D. and Robert L. Walpole was from 
Zanesville, Ohio. He had descended the Muskingum and Ohio rivers 
to the mouth of the Wabash, and then ascended that stream and White 
river to this place in a keel-boat, arriving here in the summer of 1822. 

His family consisted of fourteen persons, himself and wife, four sons, 
and six daughters, a nephew and colored servant. Belle ; in addition to 
his family and household furniture he brought on this boat a stock of 
goods. 

He first lived on the northwest corner of the State House square, in 



LUKE M'ALPOLE AND FAMILY. 



105 



a house built by Isaac Wilson, and referred to in another sketch, in a. 
cabin, near which he had his store. 

Mr. Walpole having several daughters in the heyday of life, caused 
a considerable sensation with the young bucks of the settlement. It 
was these young ladies Tom Johnson called on and requested to see 
their " purranner." 

The old gentleman was a small, spare-made man, not weighing over 
one hundred pounds apothecaries' weight, if that ; he dressed in the old 
English style, short pants, long stockings, and silver shoe buckles, and 
a coat to suit this style of dress. The old lady was not any taller than 
her liege lord, but was considerably larger, and would weigh at least 
two hundred and fifty pounds avoirdupois ; their joint weight would not 
be more than that of two ordinary persons, but it was so unequally 
divided that it would attract attention and sometimes draw forth a jocu- 
lar comment when they would take their usual evening walk to- 
gether. 

The old gentleman enjoyed a joke, even should it be at his own ex- 
pense ; his friends often twitted him with the disparity in size between 
himself and wife ; he replied, that in selecting a wife he was like he was 
in buying goods, that when he found a good article he wanted a plenty 
of it. 

Of the fourteen persons that constituted Mr. Walpole's family when 
he first came to this place, but two are hving; Mrs. Ehzabeth Col- 
erick, who lives in Fort Wayne, and the colored woman, Belle, the 
elder daughter. Miss Ann, was the first wife of Obed Foote, Esq. She 
died many years since, leaving one child that bears the father's name, 
and now lives in Paris, Illinois ; the third daughter was the wife of Wm. 
Quarles, an eminent and early lawyer of this place, who died in the 
winter of 1849, and although twenty years have elapsed since his death, 
she yet mourns his loss as if of but a few days — a rare thing in women ; 
Miss Mary, the fourth, died some three or four years since ; Miss Eliz- 
abeth, the fifth, is the present wife of the Hon. David Colerick, of Fort 
Wayne ; the sixth daughter, named, I think, Margaret, died a few 
years after they came to this place ; Edward, the oldest son, went south 
about the year 1824, and there remained. He at one time was very 
wealthy, but I understand he lost the most of it before his death, which 
occurred several years since. 

Thomas D. Walpole, the second son, and at present remembered 
by most of the citizens of this city, was a most extraordinary man. 
7 



I06 SA-ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

With nothing more than a common English education, he studied law 
with his brother-in-law, Wm. Quarles, Esq. Mr. Ouarles informed me 
that before he had half finished his studies he went to Greenfield, Han- 
cock county, and there commenced the practice. He at once became 
popular as a man and quite successful as a lawyer. He has often told 
me that he would never let a judge try a case when he could get a 
Hancock county jury. "Then," said he, "I cared not who was the 
opposing counsel." He was State Senator from the counties of Han- 
cock and Madison several years, also, Representative from Hancock. 
Indeed, in those counties he was invincible before the people. 

In 1840 he was an ardent and enthusiastic Whig, and rendered great 
service to the Whig party, and contributed largely to the success of 
General Harrison. It was during this canvass that Tom gave to the- 
Democratic party their emblem, which they have claimed ever since, 
the chicken cock, or rooster. George Patterson, then editing the Dem- 
ocratic paper, wrote, just before the August election of that year, to- 
Joseph Chapman, of Greenfield, that the Democratic party would be 
beat, and that there was no hope, but, said he, "Crow, Chapman, 
crow." By some means Tom got possession of the letter, and exposed- 
it. A year or two subsequent to this circumstance Messrs. George and 
Page Chapman became proprietors and editors of the Democratic paper 
and placed a rooster at the head of their paper, and from this circum- 
stance it was generally supposed that they were the persons to whom- 
the letter was addressed and the original crowers ; but such is not the 
case. It is to Tom Walpole the Democratic party is indebted for the 
emblem of the rooster. 

Tom was a great wag, and many were the pranks he played upon 
his friends as well as enemies. During the Mexican war he procured a 
blank colonel's commission by some means from the W'ar Department 
at Washington. This he caused to be filled up with the name of Joseph 
Chapman, of Hancock county (the same Chapman referred to above), 
with instructions to raise a regiment of volunteers and proceed direct to 
the seat of war in Mexico. This he caused to be mailed to "Colonel 
Joseph Chapman, Greenfield, Indiana." Immediately on receipt of this, 
Mr. Chapman mounted his horse (there were no railroads then) and 
came to Indianapolis and direct to Governor Whitcomb for instructions 
how to proceed. After the Governor had examined the commission 
and instructions, he remarked to Mr. Chapman that he thought he was 
the victim of a playful hoax. "Yes," said Mr. Chapman, "it is that 



LUKE WALPOLE AND FAMILY. 



107 



Tom Walpole. Can I ever get rid of that fellow? He has dogged me 
since he first got hold of that crowing letter." 

Nor was Mr. Chapman the only one that had received a commission 
in this way. Colonel Ninevah Berry, of Anderson, also received one 
with similar instructions. 

Colonel Berry, I understand, at once established recruiting head- 
quarters, with the United States flag unfurled, and drum and fife con- 
stantly playing at the door, and had actually received some volunteers, 
and did not find out the joke until it was discovered by Chapman. 
Were I to attempt to give half the jokes and pranks of Tom, it would 
fill this volume. 

He was a man of great native ability, a fine speaker, and set out in 
life with an ambition and determination worthy of a brilliant career and 
sequel. He had plucked the flower, but threw it withered at his feet. 

Tom was my early school-mate and ever my personal friend, and in 
this sketch I have endeavored to do him, as well as his father's family, 
justice ; if I have failed it is an error of my head, and not of my heart. 

The third son of the family, Robert L. Walpole, died some years 
since, an old bachelor. In his early life he had followed merchandizing, 
with but little success, and after that studied law and practiced with suc- 
cess, at least so far as the accumulation of property was concerned. His 
ability as a lawyer consisted in his ever watching the mistakes of the 
opposing counsel, the quirks and turns of law, and any advantage that 
might be thrown in his way. These are my own opinions, and I think 
the most of the present bar of Indianapolis will sustain me in them. 

John, the fourth son, and last of the family that I notice, was a 
young man of more than ordinary promise. When quite young he 
went to Fort Wayne and* there finished the study of law that he had 
commenced in this place with his brother-in-law, William Ouarles, and 
then commenced with a fine prospect of success in the profession, but 
was stricken down by death quite young, before his early promise had 
ripened, and ere he had reached the meridian of life. 

As a family, there was none ever lived in Indianapolis that was more 
respected, nor none that ever came to the place that created at the time 
such a sensation as the Walpoles. They had brought a large, old- 
fashioned sideboard, which was boxed up in such a way as might be 
readily taken for a piano. The late Calvin Fletcher, knowing the great 
curiosity of the people, especially the young men, to know everything 
pertaining to the new- comers, and seeing an opportunity to have some 
fun, informed the young men that they certainly had a piano, as there 



I08 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZEXS. 

was no other kind of furniture that would require a box of that shape. 
All the young men were quick to call on the young ladies, and tried to 
get a peep at the instrument ; none, however, made their business 
known except farmer Tom Johnson, who had never "seed a purran- 
ner." The great verdancy on the part of the young bucks caused the 
young ladies a great deal of merriment, and they gave each a fancy 
name, a few only of which I now remember: Oyster Tongs, Tallow 
Face, Mutton Head, Simon Shears and Sleepy Hollow; the latter was 
named (like all original names) by circumstances. He had called to 
spend the evening, or may be to look at and hear the " purranner," and 
went to sleep, and they gave him the name above indicated. There are 
but two of the persons above named that are living. Tallow Face is a 
prominent citizen of the city; Mutton Head lives in the suburbs. 

Mr. Walpole's family were connections of the Hon. Thomas Ewing, 
of Ohio. 

ISAAC N. PHIPPS 

Came to this place in June, 1823, and was connected with Conner and 
Tyner in merchandizing. He was for many years one of the prominent 
merchants of the place. Mr. Phipps is well acquainted with the early 
history of this place and very near all the old settlers. 

When he first came here, and for many years after, it was customary 
for merchants to keep whisky for their customers, and all that wished 
to could drink without money and without price. An empty whisky 
barrel was set up on end in front of the counter, with a hole in the upper 
head for the drainage of the glasses. On this barrel was set a half 
gallon bottle filled with whisky, a bowl of maple sugar, and a pitcher 
of water, and often in winter a tumbler of ground ginger ; this was 
intended as an invitation to all who came into the store to help them- 
selves, regardless whether they purchased or not. In these country 
stores could be founcf anything, from a log-chain to a cambric needle, 
from a grubbing-hoe to a silk shawl, from a sack of coffee to a barrel of 
whisky. How different from those splendid, fashionable establish- 
ments, the New York Store, the Trade Palace, the Bee Hive, the 
Farmers' Store, and many others ; how the fancy clerks of these fash- 
ionable marts of merchandise would giggle and laugh were it possible 
for old Jim McCoy to visit his old "stamping ground" again and 
stumble into one of these stores and tell them their "bottles wanted 
filling up," or that he wished an ounce of indigo, a quarter of a pound 
of madder, or that the "old 'oman wanted to know if the)- were gwine 



JAMES SUL GR VE. . I qq 

to have any more Leghorn bonnets with two crowns, as her and the 
oldest gal wanted one." 

It was customary for the merchants, in those days, to bring bonnets 
in this way, take the back part of one and sew it to the odd crown, and 
make a second bonnet. 

Mr. Phipps has Hved to see this great change in the manner of doing 
business in Indianapolis, in his own as well as other branches of busi- 
ness. He has raised a large and respectable family of children. Two 
of his sons and a son-in-law are engaged in the jewelry business. 
Another son-in-law, P. G. C. Hunt, is a prominent dentist ; another is 
a merchant, and yet another is a prominent lawyer. 

Mr. Phipps has long since retired from active business, and seems 
content to attend to his little suburban farm, and worship according to 
the dictates of his own conscience. 



JAMES SULGROVE. 

Mr. Sulgrove was born near Germantown, Montgomery county, 
Ohio, on the 5th of October, 1805. He came to Marion county with 
his father, John Sulgrove, in 1823. In 1824 he apprenticed himself to 
Christopher Kellum to learn the saddle and harness making business. 
In 1826 he married; shortly afterwards Mr. Kellum died, and Mr. Sul- 
grove became proprietor of the business, which was situated on East 
Washington street. 

Mr. Sulgrove's younger brother Joseph learned the trade with him. 
They afterwards became partners, and the business was conducted many 
years in the name and firm of J. & J. Sulgrove. In 1835 they moved 
their shop to the southeast corner of Washington and Meridian streets, 
where they did business for several years. In the meantime William 
Sulgrove became a partner. 

In 1850 Mr. Sulgrove bought property on the north side of Wash- 
ington, between Meridian and Illinois streets, and in connection with 
the saddle and harness business added that of the hardware and trim- 
ming pertaining to his business. In 1868 he removed to South Mer- 
idian street, and did a wholesale business only. 

His last place of business was on South Illinois street. Mr. Sul- 
grove lived many years on West Maryland, second lot from Tennessee, 
and adjoining where the chamber of commerce now stands. He joined 
the Campbellite, or Christian Church, in 1835, and served as a deacon 
in the church for several years. He served as a member of the Council 



no SKETCHES OF PROML\'ENT CITIZEXS. 

for the fifth ward for several years, and on the school board, and fre- 
quently as inspector of elections. 

Mr. Sulgrove was a Democrat up to about the time the Republican 
party was formed in 1854. He then joined that party. He was a mem- 
ber of the city, county, and State central committees. He was for many 
years a director of the branch of the old State Bank of Indiana, and a 
stockholder and director of the Citizens' Bank. He never asked for or 
held any office of profit. Mr. Sulgrove's first wife having died, he mar- 
ried the second time in 186^. 

Mr. Sulgrove had ten children, all by his first wife, eight boys and 
two girls, all living and married, but one, and all have children. At 
his funeral were over seventy-five of his immediate descendants, child- 
ren and grand children. 

In all the relations of life Mr. Sulgrove performed his duties well. 
As husband, father, brother, friend and Christian, he lived up to all the 
requirements. With him, as with nearly all the old citizens, I was inti- 
mately acquainted. 

BKRRY R. SULGROVE 

Was born in Indianapolis, on the i6th of March, 1S28, and was the old- 
est child of the late James Sulgrove. 

He was first sent to school at the age of five years, to Miss Clarissa 
EUick, who kept in the old Baptist church, on the corner of Meridian 
and Maryland streets. Berry received the rudiments of his education 
in the different private schools of the place (we had no public schools 
then), taught by Miss EUick, Miss Kise, Josephus Cicero Worrell, Mr. 
Hill, Mr. Newell and Oilman Marston, who was afterwards a member 
of Congress from New Hampshire, a general in the civil war, and then 
Governor of Montana territory, where he yet resides. 

In 1839 Mr. Sulgrove went to school to James S. Kemper, who kept 
in the old county Seminary, on University square. Here he continued 
five years. He then worked in his father's shop, at the harness and sad- 
dle making business. This was in 1844, when Henry Clay and James 
K. Polk were the candidates for the Presidency. Although Berry's 
father and relatives were strong Democrats, Berry was a strong Whig, 
and although a mere boy, was sufficient in political argument for any of 
them. About this time it first became known that he was a boy of no 
ordinary mind. When he worked for his father he was entrusted with 
the finest work in the shop. He worked as a journeyman for William 
Ecket a short time. 



BERRY R. SULGROTE. HI 

In August, 1847, he entered Bethany College, West Virginia, then 
under the Presidency of Alexander Campbell. His principal studies in 
college were reviewing what he had learned with Kemper during the five 
years he was under his tutorage; so he was enabled to graduate in one 
year. There were five departments in the college, and a first and 
second honor was given him in each over all ; he was " first honor man" 
■of the college — took the whole five, the first time it had ever been done 
in that institution. He was compelled to make his graduating speech 
in Greek. Berry says it would have bewildered Demosthenes to under- 
stand it fully. 

In 1848 he began the study of law with the late Oliver H. Smith 
and Simon Yandes. After three years he formed a partnership with 
John Caven, afterwards and now mayor of the city, who had studied at 
the same time and place with him, and they practiced together until 
the last of the winter of 1854-5, when he took charge of the editorial 
department of the Journal with John D. Defrees. Although Mr. Sul- 
grove had never had entire editorial control of a paper until he engaged 
on the Journal, yet he had written considerably for the press. As far 
back as 1848 he contributed to the Locomotive, under the name of 
"Timothy Tugmutton." These articles first called attention toward 
him as a writer of no ordinary ability. 

In 1850 he wrote sketches of the constitutional convention for the 
same paper. He then wrote the articles for the Hoosier City, a small 
paper pijblished by the boys connected with the Journal ; from that 
time until he took charge, contributed regularly for the Journal. When 
he first went on the Journal he did the work that now requires several 
hands — writing leaders, news items, locals, reports of meetings, copy- 
ing telegraph news from the old style. He was the first in the city to 
report meetings, lectures and such proceedings at night for the next 
morning paper, and the first to attempt anything like verbatim speeches. 
Berry tells me he frequently worked nineteen hours out of the twenty- 
four. He did this the first time at the old settlers' meeting on Calvin 
Fletcher's place on Virginia avenue, in the summer of 1856, making a 
full page report for the next morning's paper. He then bought Ovid 
Butler's stock in the Journal, the Defreese, and later, several other 
shares, so that he had a majority of the shares. He sold out in 1863, 
intending to go to Europe, but the war and other matters prevented, 
and he continued as editor of the Journal at a salary of sixteen hun- 
dred dollars per annum. In 1864 he accompanied Morton and McDon- 
ald in their joint canvass for Governor, and reported for the Journal ; in 



112 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

the following winter was Morton's private secretary until the close of the 
Legislature. 

The summer of 1865 he spent mostly fishing and hunting, and in 
the fall went with Governor Morton to Europe, passed a few days in 
London, thence to Paris, and Geneva in Switzerland, where Governor 
Morton left him. 

He then went through Italy to Rome, where he remained five 
months. He visited Naples, Pompeii, Vesuvius, then to Egypt ; was 
a week in Cairo, and returned by way of Leghorn, Geneva, Marseilles 
and Lyons to Paris, saw the World's Fair building ; then to Boulogne, 
where he had a severe attack of Asiatic cholera. He then went to 
London and other places in England, and came home in the latter part 
of the winter of 1866-7. He then took charge of the editorial depart- 
ment of the Journal during the time the editor, Hon. H. C. Newcomb, 
was in the Legislature, and wrote for it as leading writer for some time,^ 
and nearly all the time since. With the exception of one or two short 
intervals he has been connected with the Journal nearly twenty-five 
years. He began with the News at the start and has been on it ever 
since, now nearly seven years. He generally has from one to two col- 
umns in the two papers each day. 

In addition to the city press above alluded to, Mr. Sulgrove also 
wrote for the Daily Mirror, occasionally for the Saturday Herald ; was 
leading writer for the Iron World, of Pittsburg, for some months ; wrote 
leading articles for the Inter-Ocean, Chicago, also the Terre Haute Ex- 
press and Terre Haute Mail. For several years was the Indiana edi- 
tor of the Cincinnati Gazette, and attended to the Indiana exchange 
news. In 1871 wrote for the Cincinnati Commercial. It will at once 
be seen that Mr. Sulgrove's career as a journalist has been wide and 
varied, and to say that he stands in the front ground as such would be 
supererogation. 

Mr. Sulgrove was married in 1853 to Miss Mary M. Jameson, sister 
of Dr. P. H. Jameson, L. H. Jameson and County Commissioner Alex- 
ander Jameson. He has had three children, two boys living and one 
dead. 

NICHOLAS Mccarty. 

After writing the name above, I have to lay down my pen to think 
of language befitting to give the reader an idea of the many good quali- 
ties and characteristics of this man. 

He was many years a prominent and popular merchant of this place. 



INCIDENTS OF 1523-24-22-26. 1 1 5 

and during that time did the largest business of any person in it. He 
became a citizen in the fall of 1823, and early manifested a deep inter- 
est in the place and all its citizens, especially the young men, many of 
whom he assisted and started "in business. 

Mr. McCarty was ^i£ver known to oppress any person he thought 
was honest, and intended to act so with him, and during his whole ca- 
reer (thirty-one years) he enjoyed the confidence of the people at large 
and the respect of his neighbors as much as any person of the county. 

He was my friendly adviser from my boyhood to the time of his 
death, and never did I have cause of regret, unless it was when I did 
not heed it; and often do I think of his friendly salutation when we 
met, " How do you do, Johnny? " Although I never had occasion to 
ask pecuniary aid of him, I had that which was more valuable, his 
friendship and advice. He was a plain, unassuming, practical common- 
sense man, with as warm and generous a heart as ever beat in the 
bosom of a human being ; no duplicity or deceit was found there. 

In 1852 he was the Whig candidate for Governor of the State, and 
the last one that party ever ran. Although beaten by Joseph A. 
Wright, he made a very energetic and vigorous canvass, and kept his 
honorable opponent quite busy to answer some of his plain, off-hand and 
sensible speeches in defense of his party and its measures. His efforts 
had been almost uniformly successful, but in this he was doomed to 
defeat. 

Mr. McCarty died in May, 1S54, beloved by his family, respected 
by his neighbors, and well satisfied with the fortunes he had experienced 
in life. He left a son bearing his name, who is still a resident of this 
city, and two or three daughters, one of whom was the wife of Reverend 
Henry Day, and another the wife of John C. S. Harrison, a prominent 
banker. 

Reader, when you pass the grave of Nicholas McCarty, you can 
truthfully say, there lies " an honest man, the noblest work of God." 

•■ Like (lews uf morning, he was given 
To shine on earth, then rise to heaven." 



INCIDENTS OF 1S23-24-25-26. 

In the year 1S23 the people began to look forward to the time when 
the barrier that cut them off from the balance of the world and the rest 
of mankind would be removed ; the mails began to arrive semi-monthly ; 
the Centerville mail was carried on horseback by a lame fiddler named 



114 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



Amos Dilly ; his arrival was looked forward to with rather more interest 
than the others, and was generally celebrated by a dance, as he fur- 
nished the music. The Brook ville, or Settlement mail, was carried by 
Samuel Frazier, now a prominent temperance lecturer. The Madison 
■or Berry's Trace mail was carried by an old man named Metcalf; he 
was more familiarly known as "Old Madcap." These mail carriers 
frequently had to swim all the streams on their respective routes, and 
were often several days behind time in consequence of high waters ; the 
mails were often damaged by water. I have frequently seen Mr. 
Henderson, our worthy postmaster, spreading them out in the sun for 
the purpose of drying. 

In the spring of 1824 the murder of the Indians eight miles east of 
Pendleton, in Madison county, occurred. They were encamped on the 
bank of a small stream for the purpose of hunting and trapping. Four 
men and a boy went to their camp pretending to be hunting horses, but 
for no other purpose really than to kill and rob them. The names of 
the murderers were Harper, Hudson, Sawyer and Bridges and his son, 
a boy about eighteen years of age. Harper made his escape with the 
whole of the booty acquired. Hudson and the others were arrested, 
tried and three hung. 

Hudson was first tried, in the fall of 1824, and sentenced to be hung 
in January. He managed to escape a short time before the day of his 
execution, and lay in the woods and got his feet frozen so badly that he 
was unable to travel, and in this condition he was retaken, and hung on 
the day appointed by the court. 

The other three were tried at the spring term of the court and sen- 
tenced to be hanged in June, 1825. The writer had obtained the con- 
sent of a young man to ride behind him on the same horse to witness 
the execution, as he did. 

It was generally understood that, in consequence of the age of 
young Bridges (he being a mere boy), and the fact that he had been 
induced to engage in the crime by his father and Sawyer, who was his 
uncle. Governor Ray would pardon him. 

Up to ten o'clock of the day of execution neither the Governor nor 
a pardon had arrived. The three criminals were taken from the pali- 
sade prison to the place of execution, about two hundred yards above 
the falls of Fall creek, on' the west side. A wagon was drawn up on the 
side of the hill with the wheels on planks, so they would move easily and 
quickly. A post was placed on the side of the hill, just above the wagon. 
To this post the wagon was fastened by a rope, so that when the rope was 



IKCIDEMTS OF iS2s-34-3S-^6. 1 j 5 

cut the wagon would run down the hill without aid. The two old men 
were placed in the tail of the wagon, the ropes adjusted, the white caps 
drawn over their faces, and at a given signal the rope was cut and the 
wagon quickly ran from under the unfortunate men. Sawyer broke his 
arms loose, which were pinioned behind, and caught the rope by which 
he was hanging and raised himself about eighteen inches. The sheriff 
(Corry) quickly caught him by the ankles, gave a sudden jerk, which 
brought the body down, and he died without another struggle. 

After they had hung about thirty minutes they were taken down and 
placed in their coffins at the foot of the gallows. The young man, who 
had witnessed the scene, was then placed in the wagon (which had 
been re-adjusted on the hillside) with the intention of waiting until the 
last moment for Governor Ray or a pardon. He had not been in this 
situation long before the Governor made his appearance (which created 
a shout from all present) on a large " fancy gray " horse. He rode 
directly up to the gallows, where the young man was seated on a rough 
coffin in the wagon. The Governor handed the reins of the bridle to a 
bystander, commanding the prisoner to stand up. "Sir," said the Gov- 
ernor, "do you know in whose presence you stand? " Being answered 
in the negative, the Governor continued, "There are but two powers 
known to the law that can save you from hanging by the neck until you 
are dead, dead, dead ; one is the great God of the Universe, the other 
is J. Brown Ray, Governor of the State of Indiana. The latter stands 
before you (handing the young man the written pardon) ; you are par- 
doned." The Governor received the thanks of all present for this act 
of clemency. 

The whole scene was witnessed by about twenty Indians, said to be 
relatives of those murdered. They seemed well satisfied that the death 
of their friends had been avenged, and it restored confidence throughout 
the New Purchase that there was no danger to be apprehended from 
the Indians in consequence of this murder. 

In the fall of 1824 the court house was approaching completion, 
ready for the "Legislature, which was to convene in this place for the 
first time, on the first Monday in January, 1825. The seat of govern- 
ment had been fixed by law to remain at Corydon. Until 1825 the 
Legislature had convened on the first Monday in December of each 
year ; the members had become very much dissatisfied with the treat- 
ment they had received at the hands of the citizens of Corydon, and 
determined to get the seat of government from there one year earlier, 
'n the Legislature that expired in the winter of 1824, a resolution was 



Il6 SKETCHES OF PROMIA'ENT CITIZENS. 

introduced and passed that "when the Legislature adjourn it would 
meet at Indianapolis on the first Monday in January, 1825." 

In the fall of 1824 the State offices were removed to Indianapolis. 
It brought several good and permanent citizens — Samuel Merrill, as 
Treasurer of State; Dr. William H. Lilly, as Auditor. The term of 
the Secretary of State expired that winter, and he did not remove his 
family. John Douglass, as State Printer, also came that fall. 

At the appointed time the Legislature met, but the fondest hopes of 
the people were not realized; neither the advantages nor pleasure they 
had looked forward to with such anxiety were experienced : 

" But pleasures are like poppies spreatl, 
You seize the flower, its bloom is shed. 
Or like the snow falls in the river, 
A moment white, then melts forever. 
Or like the borealis' race, ,- 

That flit ere you can point their place. 
Or like the rainbow's lovely form, 
Evanishing amid the storm." 

The members of the Legislature were huddled together, six gener- 
ally in a cabin, and paid from two to three dollars per week for board. 

Among the prominent members of this session of the Legislature 
were John Ewing, of Knox ; Daniel Grass, of Spencer ; Samuel Cham- 
bers, of Orange; Benjamin Irwin, of Bartholomew; Milton Stapp, of 
Jefferson ; Calvin Fletcher, of Marion and Hamilton ; George Boone, of 
Sullivan ; John H. Thompson, of Clarke. 

The members came on horseback ; their horses were kept by the 
farmers, who were anxious to have them at fifty to seventy-five cents 
per week. For many years after the Legislature first met here all 
debts were made payable at the close of the ne.xt session, as more money 
was distributed among the people at that than any other time of the year. 

When the ne.xt Legislature met (at the usual time, the first Monday 
in December), considerable improvement had been made for their ac- 
commodation. The mother of the writer had built a'brick house, in 
addition to her cabins, and was enabled to furnish board for twelve men. 
Henderson and Blake and John Hawkins had also made additions which 
enabled them to accommodate more persons and in better style than the 
previous year. In after years, when the price of board was increased, 
the members began to threaten the citizens that they had once removed 
the seat of government from Corydon on account of the extortions of its 
citizens, and they would do so again; but this was only boasting, for 



SIMON YAiVDES. 



17 



they well knew they could not, it being out of their power, as the four 
sections of land on which Indianapolis stands was donated by the gen- 
eral government for a permanent seat of government, and that when the 
Legislature accepted the grant the capital was fixed for all time to come. 

HENRY BRADY. 

The name of Mr. Brady has been a household word in Marion 
county for fifty-five years. He is a native of Pennsylvania, but emi- 
grated to this State when quite young. His first residence in Indiana 
was in Jackson county, from whence he came to this county and settled 
six miles east of town, in Warren township, in 1822, where he yet re- 
sides. He went, as all others did, into the woods, and now, by his own 
labor principally, has one of the finest farms in that neighborhood. He 
was for many years a magistrate of that township. He has represented 
the county at different times in both branches of the Legislature, and ■ 
was ever popular with the people ; the county has nearly always been 
opposed to the political party to which he belongs, yet when he was a 
candidate before them the people seemed to forget for awhile their party 
allegiance; indeed, he has been successful over some of the most popu- 
lar leaders of the opposite party. He came to this county a Jackson 
man, and has strictly adhered to the political party that sprang from the 
administration of the old hero. 

I have before me an Indianapolis Gazette, printed in the year 1827. 
In this he offers his services to the people as a surveyor at two dollars 
per diem. 

The old gentleman has moved on in the even tenor of his way ever 
since. He has lately renewed his youth by taking to himself a young 
wife, and it is to be hoped by his many friends he will get a renewal of 
the lease of life. It is quite unnecessary to say that Esquire Brady is 
one of the solid farmers of Marion county, and is universally respected 
as far as' known. 

SIMON YANDES. 

Mr. Yandes is a native of the Keystone State, born near Uniontown, 
Fayette county, in 1816; when quite young, with his father's family, he 
emigrated to Indiana, and lived a short time in Connersville, Fayette 
county, thence to where the city of Indianapolis now stands, early in the 
spring of 1821, since which time I have been acquainted with him; we 
were pupils of the first school kept in the New Purchase, the teacher of 



1 18 SKETCHES OE PEOMI.VEKT CITIZENS. 

which was named Lambert. The log school house was on the north 
side of Washington, west of Missouri. We were also members of the 
first Sunday school, organized on the 6th of April, 1823, in Caleb 
Scudder's cabinet shop, on the south side of the State House square. 

Mr. Yandes was for many years a pupil of Ebenezer Sharpe, father 
of Thomas H. Sharpe. After receiving a good education, studied law 
with Messrs. Fletcher and Butler; in 1839 became a partner, the firm 
being known as Fletcher, Butler & Yandes, remaining with them four 
years. In 1848 he formed a partnership with the late Oliver H. Smith ; 
with Mr. Smith he practiced four years. In 1856 he formed a partner- 
ship with Mr. Hines, the title of the firm being Yandes & Hines ; then 
at the expiration of four years quit the practice of law, in consequence 
of failing health. 

During Mr. Yandes' twenty-two years practice he was engaged in 
some of the most important cases that came before the courts in this 
and adjoining counties, also the United States and Supreme Courts of 
the State, and had attained a high position in his profession, and was 
considered one of the most successful of the Indianapolis bar. This was 
mainly owing to his thorough knowledge of the law, his industry in 
making himself thoroughly acquainted with the cases he undertook, and 
the interest of his clients. It must also be remembered that with his 
fine acquired ability was coupled a native intellect far above that of many 
of our good lawyers of the present day. 

From 1852 Mr. Yandes was one of the bond and stockholders and 
directors of the Bellefontaine Railroad Company, and incurred hazard 
on the guaranty and lost largely on the stock. 

Between 1864 and 1870 he was part owner of a brick yard and saw 
mill, and lost upon both ; he was a subscriber for the stock of the White 
River Rolling Mill Company, which was in a short time sold out by the 
sheriff. From this experience Mr. Yandes inferred that, as a general 
rule, it is not advisable to engage in a business without having practic- 
ally learned it, or without a personal supervision or control. By this it 
will be seen that he has not been an idle spectator of the growth of the 
city, but has aided by his means, although it was not remunerative. 

In person Mr. Yandes is quite tall, light hair and complexion, affa- 
ble in manners, candid and frank in expression, with a cheerful and 
mild temperament. 

He is well-known as one of our best citizens, and respected by all 
who have had the good fortune to make his acquaintance. Such are 
the opinions formed of him by one who has known him for fifty years. 



GENERAL THOMAS A. MORRIS. 



ANDREW WILSON. 



19- 



Mr. Wilson was born near Uniontown, Pennsylvania, on the the 10th; 
of June, 179S. He came to Connersville in 1820, where he remained 
about one year, and came to Indianapolis in the summer of 1 821. Mr. 
Wilson engaged in milling at what was known as the Bayou Mills, 
where he remained several years. He has been a large contractor on. 
the different canals, railroads, and the Michigan and National roads. 
For several years he has been engaged in farming. Soon after he came 
to Indianapolis he was married to Miss Hannah, eldest daughter of the 
late Obadiah Harris, by whom he has had several children, all of whom 
are dead except the youngest, who is the wife of Mr. Porter, who 
resides with Mr. Wilson on his farm, four miles southwest of the city. 
Although Mr. Wilson has outlived his three score and ten years, he is 
yet quite active, and takes as much interest in public affairs as when the 
writer first became acquainted with him, now fifty-six years. 

GENERAL THOMAS A. MORRIS. 

General Morris is a native of Kentucky, born in Carlisle, Nicholas 
county, on the 26th of December, 181 1. With the family of his father 
(the late Morris Morris) he came to Marion county in October, 1821, 
about the time of the first sale of lots in Indianapolis. The family first 
settled on a piece of heavily timbered land, on Eagle creek, southwest 
of the then village of Indianapolis, where they resided a few years be- 
fore moving to town. The sickness the first year of their residence 
here was so great that Mr. Morris was anxious to return to their old 
home in Kentucky, but through the influence and persuasion of Mrs. 
Morris, the mother of the general, they induced him to remain. 

General Morris, I think, took his first lessons in the Sunday school 
at Caleb Scudder's cabinet shop, organized in 1823. He then received 
a good English education in the different schools of the village, taught 
by his brother Austin, Rev. George Bush, Ebenezer Sharpe, "Master 
Thomas," and others. 

In 1830 he was appointed a cadet at West Point, where he gradu- 
ated in 1834, with the highest honors. After remaining in the army a 
few years, he was appointed an engineer on the pubhc works of the 
State, since which time he has been mostly engaged in that business, 
having located more railroads than any man in the State. 

He was for some time President of the Indianapolis and Cincinnati. 



120 SK'ETCHES OF PROMINEiVT CITIZEiV^. 

railroad, then of the St. Louis and Indianapolis railroad. While under 
his Presidency the former road was very prosperous, and the latter was 
finished and also prospered. Indeed, he has been connected with 
nearly all the railroads that center in this city. 

In the early part of the rebellion he rendered great service as gen- 
eral of volunteers in West Virginia, and was afterwards tendered an 
important position in the army, but declined in consequence, as I under- 
stand, of his former service not being properly appreciated. 

He was selected by Governor WiUiams as one of the five commis- 
sioners to superintend the construction of the new State House, now 
being built. 

He was married in November, 1840, to Miss Rachel, daughter of 
John Irwin, of Madison, Ind. General Morris is represented by his 
different sons in several large business establishments of the city. 

General Morris is a man of fine presence, agreeable and pleasing 
manners, a man whose character is above reproach, and whose word is 
considered as good as his bond, and has the friendship and confidence of 
all who know him. 

JOSEPH BEELER 

Was born in a "block-house," situated in what is now Ohio county. 
West Virginia, about twelve miles from Wheeling, in the year 1797; 
hi^ father being in command of the station established for the protection 
of the people, as well as a place of refuge for the settlers when attacked 
by the Indians, which was frequently the case. This block-house was 
called Heeler's Station, and up to the present time still retains the name. 
He, with his mother's family, descended the Ohio river in a kind of 
dug-out called a pirogue, in the year 1818 or 18 19. The latter year he 
visited where this city now stands, before there was a cabin of a white 
man in it. 

In the year 1820 he, with his mother and brother (George H. Beeler, 
who was the first clerk of Morgan county), settled near what was then, 
and is yet, known as the Bluffs of White river. 

In the year 1822 he was married to Miss Hannah Matthews, the 
daughter of one of their neighbors, and settled, with his young wife, in 
Marion county, about seven miles southwest of this city, on the west 
side of White river, in Decatur township, where he resided up to the 
time of his death. Mr. Beeler underwent all the privations and trials 
incident to a pioneer or backwoods life. 

He was for many years a justice of the peace — in fact as long as he 



FIELDING BEELER. I2i 

would consent to serve. He was often solicited to become a candidate 
for higher positions, but always declined. He ever advised his neigh- 
bors, as well as others, against litigation, and was a peacemaker as far as 
his mild and persuasive manner could accomplish that end. 

Mr. Beeler was a man of untiring perseverence and industry, and 
considered his vocation, that of a farmer, of the highest respectability, 
and had a great ambition to excel in his calling. He was one of the 
first farmers of the county to import improved breeds of stock. His 
cattle, sheep and hogs, early gained the reputation of being the best in 
the county, as the records of the first agricultural societies of the county 
and State will show by the premiums awarded. He also took a deep 
interest in horticulture. Were I writing for the eye only of those who 
knew Joseph Beeler, it would be unnecessary to say he was a man of 
the strictest integrity, one whose word was as good as his bond, and was 
never questioned. 

He was at the time of his death, and for many years prior, a mem- 
ber of the Christian church. He died on the I2th of July, 185 1, well 
satisfied with his experience in life, and in the full vigor and strength of 
manhood ; and when his days of toil and hardship were over, he found 
the forest had given place to cultivated fields, the log cabin to stately 
mansions, the unpretending log churches of our city to those magnifi- 
cent temples of worship we now have. 

Mrs. Beeler still survi\'es him, and makes her home with her son, 
Fielding Beeler. 

FIELDING BEELER 

Was the first-born, and is th« eldest son of the worthy gentleman I 
have noticed in the preceding sketch. He is one of the oldest native 
born citizens of Marion county, having made his first appearance upon 
the stage of action on the 30th day of March, 1823. 

At the time he received his education the opportunities were very 
limited for the rudiments of a common English education ; for a por- 
tion of what he did receive he walked three miles in winter, most of 
the way through the woods to the .log school house, where his young 
ideas were first taught to shoot, frequently on his way seeing deer and 
flocks of wild turkeys, with which the woods abounded at that time. 

Mr. Beeler tells me his earliest recollection was seeing Indians pass- 
ing his father's cabin, hearirfg the wolves howl at night, and their 
killing all the sheep his father had, ten or twelve in number, and that 



122 SA'ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

1 
his mother considered it a great calamity, as she did not know how her 
family was to be provided with the necessary winter clothing. She 
dressed and spun flax and wove linen for summer clothes ; and for a 
Sunday suit, and to be worn on special occasions, she would generally 
stripe it. 

At the age of twenty-one years (not being willing to lose much time)' 
he was married, and settled on a farm just west of Eagle creek, on the 
Mooresville road, three and a half miles from town, where he yet re- 
sides. 

Although, like his father, very decided in his political views, and 
frank to express them, he has never taken a very active part in politics. 
He cast his first vote for a Presidential candidate for Henry Clay, iit 
1844. 

In the year 1850 he was nominated by the Whig convention as can- 
didate for Representative of the county in the Legislature, and though 
he got the full vote of his party, was defeated, the Democrats having the 
ascendancy in the county at that time. 

During the existence of the Marion County Agricultural Society, 
from 1852 to i860, he was a member, five years a director and two- 
years its president. 

He was nominated by the Republican party, and elected a member 
of the House of Representatives in October, 1868, and served in the 
regular and special sessions ; was chairman of the committee on agri- 
culture, and took an active part in all questions relating to it, as well 
as the interests of his immediate constituents and the general welfare of 
the State, and introduced a bill for the appointment of a State geologist 
and a geological survey of the State, which was about the only bill of 
general importance that became a law at the first session of that Legis- 
lature. 

After the death of A. J. Holmes, Mr. Beeler was appointed his suc- 
cessor as secretary of the State Board of Agriculture, and has passed 
through one of the most successful fairs of the west with entire satisfac- 
tion to the public and credit to all its officers. 

As Fielding is rather good-looking, I hope he will excuse me if I 
attempt to give the reader an idea of his personal appearance. As 
will be seen by his age, he is just in the prime of life, about five 
feet eight inches in height, rotund form, light hair, florid complexion, a 
blue eye and smiling countenance, and inherits all the candor and frank- 
ness of his father. 



SAMUEL MERRILL. 



SAMUEL MERRILL 



123 



Was one of the good men, substantial and permanent citizens, Indian- 
apolis gained when the seat of government was removed to it. He was 
a native of one of the Yankee States, I think Vermont, but came to the 
west when a young as well as single man. His first residence in Indi- 
ana was at Vevay, where he was married. He then practiced law for a 
short time. In the winter of 1822-23 he was elected Treasurer of State, 
and in the spring removed to Corydon, then the capital of the State. 

In the fall of 1824, when the State offices were removed to this 
place, he, with his family, made this city their home. He held the 
office of Treasurer of State until the State Bank of Indiana was chartered 
in 1834, when he was, by the Legislature, chosen its president, and 
organized it, as well as the different branches throughout the State. 
This position he held about ten years. He was then chosen president 
of the Madison and Indianapolis railroad. It was while he had the 
supervision of this road its stock was worth from twenty-five to thirty 
per cent, premium. 

While Mr. Merrill held these public positions he was ever active in 
private pursuits and enterprises. The first summer he was here we had 
no person who was qualified or willing to teach school. He was induced 
to do so, and kept school in the log Methodist church on Maryland 
street, between Illinois and Meridian. Some years afterward he engaged 
in merchandising, and then, in connection with Mr. Yandes, built the 
mills on Fall creek known as Bretts' Mill. He was ever active in all 
benevolent and charitable institutions, and during his entire residence 
was superintendent or teacher of a Sunday school. While he was pres- 
ident of the Benevolent Society he kept such clothing as was donated 
for that purpose in a room in the State Bank, adjoining his office. He 
had just bought himself a fine cloth cloak, such an one as was fashion- 
able at that day, and very costly. One morning he entered his office 
through that room, and had thrown his cloak off on the pile of clothing 
left for distribution to the poor. A few moments afterward an old man 
who lived upon the charities of the people, came to Mr. M. for cloth- 
ing. He told him to go into the room and help himself to such as were 
there, which he did, and among other articles took the fine cloak. 

When ]\Ir. Merrill was ready to go to dinner his cloak was nowhere 
to be found. As it was a cold, disagreeable day, he certainly had worn 
it to the office. He could not think what had become of it. On his 



124 SA-ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

way home he met old m,an Wilson ( the person referred to as having 
come for clothing) promenading Washington street with it on. 

Mr. Merrill was one of the first to join the Second Presbyterian 
church when first organized by Henry Ward Beecher, and was a warm 
personal friend of that eminent divine during his residence in Indian- 
apolis. During the thirty years he was a resident of this city, no person 
enjoyed the confidence and respect of its citizens to a greater degree 
than Samuel Merrill. 

He has several children yet living in the city. His eldest daughter 
is now the widow of the late John L. Ketchum. A son, bearing the 
father's name, is a prominent bookseller and stationer, and there is no 
sign now iri the city whose name is more familiar to the writer than that 
of Samuel Merrill. 

JOHN DOUGLASS 

Was the State printer, and came to this place when the other State 
officers came, in 1824. He immediately became connected with Doug- 
lass Maguire in the Western Censor and Emigrant's Guide, by the 
purchase of Mr. Gregg's interest, and changed the name to the Indiana 
Journal. He was connected with the paper for several years, for some- 
tinie as sole proprietor, and then with S. V. B. Noel a*: a partner. He 
was a practical printer, and a very industrious man. 

Mr. Douglass was an honest, upright man, and, as I have said of 
another in these sketches, would rather suffer a wrong himself than know- 
ingly do another an injury ; and were he living at this time he would 
hardly be considered qualified to superintend a printing establishment, 
when their advocacy of a measure is sometimes procured by selfish 
motives or a pecuniary reward. 

The writer was well acquainted with him during his twenty-six years 
residence in this place, and has never heard a harsh or unkind word 
spoken of him. 

He has several children yet living in the city. His eldest daughter 
is the present wife of Mr. Alfred Harrison, a prominent banker. Two 
of his sons are living, James and George. Mr. Douglass died aKbut 
the year 1850, respected by all who knew him, and his death much 
regretted. 

CHARLES C. CAMPBELL. 

Charles has been so long in the city that he has almost become a 
part of it, at least as much so as the State House or the Govei-nor's Circle. 



CHARLES C. CAMPBELL. 



[25 



Mr. Campbell first came to this place as an apprentice to the tailor- 
ing business. After his apprenticeship was out he carried on the busi- 
ness for a short time, long enough, however, to learn that it could not 
be carried on without work, and arrived at the conclusion that it was 
about as easy for a needle to go through the eye of a camel as it was 
for a Campbell to sit cross-legged all day on a broad board and pull a 
needle through tammy cloth, with nothing but a goose (tailor's) for a 
companion. 

Charles has held several offices of public trust and emolument, such 
as sheriff, deputy sheriff and receiver of public moneys. He made a 
good and efficient officer, and was never known to unnecessarily oppress 
or put to trouble those with whom he had official business. 

Although he is not a professional juryman, he has served his country 
in that capacity a great deal, hardly ever being objected to„ unless 
some unfortunate descendant of Ham should be engaged in a suit with 
a white man; his well known preference for his own race and color 
might be urged as an objection. 

Mr. Campbell is, perhaps, as well acquainted with the early history 
of this city as any gentleman now living; indeed he knows a great deal 
his modesty would prevent his telling. 

He has been an honorary member of all the political conventions of 
both parties for forty-five years, always honoring them with his pres- 
ence, and is possessed of many anecdotes in regard to them ; he, also, 
has considerable legislative experience as a lobby member. 

He has managed to glide down the stream of time without over- 
taxing his physical energies. He lives " at peace with all the world 
and the rest of mankind," in the full enjoyment of extraordinary good 
health, and a conscience reasonably clear. 

In his business career I had forgotten to mention that for a short 
time he engaged in the banking business with Kilby Ferguson, to the 
amount of fifteen hundred dollars. If not a silent partner, Charley says 
he would like it kept as silent as possible. 

Although he has no pretensions to aristocracy, he owns property 
and lives in the midst of that class of citizens on North Meridian street. 

The writer can not close this sketch without acknowledging his obli- 
gations to Mr. Campbell for the privilege of looking at the first elephant 
that ever came to Indianapolis, .although he has seen several elephants 
since that cost him more money. 



1-26 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

JAMES B. RAY 

Was one of the remarkable public men of his day. He held the office of 
chief executive of the State for seven years — one year by virtue of the 
office of Lieutenant Governor, which he held when Governor Hendricks 
was elected to the United States Senate, in 1825, and was twice elected 
for a full term of three years each. 

At the time he first became Governor he was a widower, and quite a 
showy and dressy man, good-looking, with the exception that he had 
one cross-eye. He was of a tall and commanding form, straight as an 
arrow, wore his hair plaited or wrapped, and hanging down his back in 
a queue. He walked with, or rather carried, a cane, which he flour- 
ished in a way that denoted he knew and felt the importance of his posi- 
tion and the authority vested in him. 

In 1826 he was appointed, in connection with Generals Tipton and 
Cass, a commissioner to treat with the Pottawatomies and Miamis of the 
Wabash and Eel rivers, for certain of their lands on these rivers. It 
was through the influence of Governor Ray that a donation was obtained 
from the Indians to the State of a section of land for every mile of road 
one hundred feet wide from Lake Michigan, via Indianapolis, to a point 
on the Ohio river, to be designated by the Legislature. 

The location of the southern terminus of this road was legislated 
upon for several years, and was finally located at Madison, via Greens- 
burg, and is known as the Michigan road. 

Governor Ray was considered a very visionary man, and some of his 
predictions were ridiculed that have since been verified, one of which is 
the present railroad net-work of the State and country. 

Governor Ray was the owner of that tavern known in its day as the 
"Travelers' Ray House Cheap," and "Travelers' Ray House Cash," and 
which sometimes brought his excellency into personal combats with his 
tenants. At one time this house was kept by James Forsee, Esq., at- 
torney and counselor at law, and of whom I have spoken in another 
sketch. He and the Governor had an altercation ; Forsee got the Gov- 
ernor by the queue, and for awhile had him in a very disagreeable posi- 
tion, but the Governor rallied his whole strength, got loose from his 
antagonist and struck him a severe blow over the nose that made it 
bleed profusely; just then a traveler rode up on horseback with the in- 
tention of "putting up." Mr. Forsee, anxious to secure a customer, 
left the Governor, and running toward the traveler with his face bloody, 



GE.KERAL JOHN S. SIMONSO.V, U. S. A. i2g 

exclaimed, "D n him, I'll kill him !" The traveler, thinking he was 

after him, put spurs to his horse, and Mr. Forsee lost his customer. 

In the year 1840, at one of the Whig conventions, Isaac Naylor, 
who had been in the battle of Tippecanoe, made some allusions to Gov- 
ernor Ray which were distasteful to his excellency, and which he, at 
the next Democratic meeting, in speaking of the battle of Tippecanoe, 
said, where "Owen, Warren, Spencer and Davis fell," and after a pause, 
"and Isaac Naylor Hved," which seemed to imply that Mr. Naylor had 
kept himself out of danger. The Governor's manner convulsed the 
house with laughter. 

While Governor of the State he registered his name at hotels and on 
steamboats as "J. Brown Ray, Governor of the State of Indiana, and 
commander-in-chief of the army and navy thereof" 

A short time before his death he advertised for sale a farm near 
Augusta, in this county, his tavern stand in the city, and a proposition 
to build a railroad from Charleston, South Carolina, through this place 
to the northern lakes, all in one article. The farm and tavern have been 
so\d, and the railroad built, although the latter is not exactly on the plan 
he proposed. Governor Ray was a man of ability, but, like every one 
else, had some weak points, which would sometimes intrude themselves 
upon the public to his injury, and cause him to be ridiculed. Such was 
Indiana's third State Governor. He died about the year 1850. 



GENERAL JOHN S. SIMONSON, U. S. A. 

Although General Simonsonis not a permanent citizen of Indiana- 
polis, he has been identified with the history of the city for several 
years, so much so as to be well worthy of having his name enrolled on 
the pages of its history. I remember General Simonson as a member 
of the Senate from Clarke county, as far back as 1826, when his asso- 
ciates in that body were John Ewing of Knox, Thomas Givans, Daniel 
Grass, John M. Coleman, Dennis Pennington, Wm. Cotton, John Watts, 
Wm. Graham,* James Gregory, Ross Smiley, Dr. David Oliver, Isaac 
Montgomery, David H. Maxwell, Amos Robertson, Israel T. Canby, 
Marston G. Clark, James Rariden, Amaziah Morgan, John Milroy and 
Calvin Fletcher, all of whom have passed away, and Mr. Simonson is 
the sole survivor of , that body. The officers of that Senate were John 
H. Thompson, Lieutenant Governor and presiding officer; James Dill, 
Secretary; John H. Farnham, Assistant Secretary; James M. Ray. 
Enrolling Secretary; Dr. John W. Davis, Sergeant at Arms; and 



t30 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



Charles J. Hand, Doorkeeper. Of the officers but one remains, the 
venerable James M. Ray. What a change has been wrought in the 
whole State, as well as the city, since that time, when Indianapolis 
could scarcely find accommodation for the seventy-five members that 
composed the two branches of the Legislature ! 

John S. Simonson was born in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, on the 
2d of June, 1796, and there received a limited education. In 18 14,. 
when volunteers were called for to serve on the Niagara frorrtier and in 
Upper Canada, he volunteered in Captain Knapp's company, attached 
to Colonel Dobbins' regiment, and General P. B. Porter's brigade. He 
took part in the battle of Lundy's Lane, on the 25th of July, 18 14, was 
at the skirmish of Shogeoquady creek, and siege of Fort t>ie, the battle 
of the 15th of August, the attack of the British on Fort P>ie, and the 
sortie on the 17th of September. After having received an honorable 
discharge from the army at Batavia, November 2, 18 14, he came to- 
Indiana in 1817, and settled in Charlestown, Clarke county. On the 3d 
of May, 1820, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Watson, of Charles- 
town. His old friend of over half a century. Judge James Morrison, was 
his groomsman, and Miss Jane Todd, afterwards Mrs. Morrison, was 
bridesmaid. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. John Todd, the 
bridesmaid's father. In 1822 he was elected sheriff of Clarke county, 
and re-elected in 1824, and served the constitutional term of four years. 

In August, 182S, he was elected to the Senate from Clarke county^ 
and remained a member until 1830, when he was elected a justice of the 
peace to succeed his old friend, Judge Morrison, the latter having been 
■elected Secretary of State. In 1833 he engaged in the manufacture of 
flour, and did a general produce business, in the meantime farming. 

In 1 841 he was elected a member of the House of Representatives, 
and re-elected each succeeding year until 1846. In 1845 he was elected 
speaker of that body and gained an enviable reputation as a presiding 
officer, prompt and very correct in his decisions on any questions of 
parliamentary usages pertaining to his duties, and from which there was 
but seldom an appeal taken. * 

On the 27th of May, 1846, he was appointed by President James K. 
Polk captain of mounted riflemen of the United States Army, and 
served through the Mexican War in the branch of the army commanded 
by Major General Winfield Scott. He was at the siege and capture of 
Vera Cruz; was in the battles of Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Cherubusco, 
Chepultepec, Gauta de Belen, and was wounded in the latter battle and 
breveted major for gallant and meritorious services at Chepultepec, and 



GE.VERAL JOHN S. SIMONSON, U. S. A. 13, 

commanded his regiment at that battle after the fall of Colonel Loring. 
In 1849, after having participated in all the battles in and around the 
City of Mexico, he, with his regiment, crossed the plains to Oregon. 
In 1852 he was ordered to Texas. He served on the frontier and the 
Rio Grande, and commanded an expedition against the muscular 
Apaches in the Diable Cannissa and Gaudeloupe mountains for the pro- 
tection of the El Paso road in 1855. In 1856 he was ordered to New 
Mexico. He was in the campaign of 1857 against the Coyatero Apaches, 
under Colonel Bonneville, and established a camp and military depot on 
the Gila river, near the Mogollon mountains. In 1859 he commanded 
an expedition against the Nabajo Indialis and explored the San Juan 
river and the country bordering thereon. Also the Tuni-Cha mountains, 
the Canon De Chelly and the country occupied by the Nabajos. On 
the 14th of May, 1861, was promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment 
of mounted riflemen, which regiment was, by an act of Congress, 
made 3rd U. S. Cavalry. In September, 1861, was ordered before a 
retiring board of officers assembled at Washington, and after examina- 
tion and defense, placed upon the retired list for disability, consequent 
upon long and faithful service and wounds received, and exposure 
while serving his country in the line of his duty. 

In 1 86 1 he was ordered on duty at Indianapolis, as superintendent of 
the volunteer recruiting service.* In February, 1862, he was ordered tO' 
relieve Major Carpenter, and, in addition to the superintendency, per- 
form the duties of mustering and disbursing officer. These duties were 
onerous and laborious in the e.Ktreme, and required constant and unre- 
mitting attention. Those of our citizens who were here at that time 
need not be reminded of the difficult an.d trying scenes which demanded! 
the exercise of a cool, prompt and determined judgment in those who- 
were collecting, preparing and forwarding the gallant soldiers to the 
front. With the exception of about six months that Colonel Simonson 
was on duty at St. Louis, he was on military duty at Indianapolis, until 
the latter part of the year 1867. A portion of the year 1863 he was 
commander of tHe military district of Indiana and Michigan, performing^ 
active duty here and in charge of the hospitals throughout the State, 
discharging soldiers on surgeons' certificates of disability, and investi- 
gating claims against the United States government. The latter duty 
he continued to perform up to 1869, when, by an act of Congress, re- 
tired officers were prohibited from performing such duties. 

In 1865, on the recommendation of General Grant, and without so- 



1132 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZEhS. 

licitation on his part, Colonel Simonson was breveted a brigadier gen- 
teral for long and faithful services. 

Mrs. Simonson having died in June, 1861, the General has no family, 
and does not confine himself to any particular locality alone, although 
he claims Indiana as his home. His postoffice address is his old home, 
Charlestown, at which place and New Albany, where his daughter resides, 
he spends four months of each year ; the months of May and November 
in Indianapolis, with his old friend and acquaintance of over half a cen- 
tury, William H. Morrison ; the months of July and August he spends 
at some of the numerous watering places of the country ; the winter 
season he spends in Florida, mostly at St. Augustine. 

The first winter General Simonson spent in Indianapolis he boarded 
with Luke Walpole, the succeeding senatorial session he boarded with 
Jordan Vigus, opposite the Court House, then with his old friend the 
late Nathan B. Palmer. What few old citizens who are now living will 
remember General Simonson as a leader of his party in the Legislature. 
•He was a Democrat of the Jackson school. Now that he is sinking 
slowly into years, he is loaded with the honors of a well spent and 
•eventful life, for there is no man living who has periled his life more and 
performed greater and more laborious duty than he. Although his 
locks are whitened by the frosts of four score winters, he is yet quite 
active. Such is General John S. Simonson, one of the pioneers of 
Southern Indiana ; and he will be remembered for his many noble and 
self sacrificing attributes long after the grass has grown green upon his 
■grave. 

On the nth of December, 1826, General Simonson introduced in the 
State Senate a joint-resolution, in reference to divesting Congress of any 
control whatever in relation to the election of President and Vice Pres- 
ident and members of Congress, giving the whole matter direct to the 
people. 

On the 9th of January he introduced another joint-resolution, asking 
Congress to give the election of L^nited States Senators direct to the 
people. 

Through the kindness of a very near friend of General Simonson's, 
who has had access to some of his papers relating to his military service 
during the Mexican war, I am enabled to present the following testi- 
monials of his gallant bearing throughout the battles from \'era Cruz 
to the City of Mexico, from his brave brother officers who fought by 
his side in the advance of General Quitman's column. 



GENERAL JOHN S. SIMON SON, U. S. A. 133 

City of Mexico, March 4, 1S48. 
1^0 Captain John S, Sinionson : 

Dear Sir : Learning from an official source that, for the benefit of your health, you 
.are about to return to the United States, we take this opportunity of expressing our sin- 
<:ere regard and respect for yourself, as well as our high appreciation of your gallant ser- 
vices in the battles of Mexico to this place. During all these engagements, up to the 
period when our arms entered the City of Mexico in triumph, no officer of the regi- 
ment of mounted riflemen or in the army showed more distinguished bravery or more 
undauntedly risked his life ?n the cause of his country than yourself at the stronghold of 
Contreras, at the deadly conflict of Cherubusco, at the storming of Chepultepec, and dur- 
ing the destructive fire opened upon the regiment of mounted riflemen (which, owing to 
the casualties of the day, you commanded), as the advance of General Quitman's column, 
you exhibited a fortitude and heroism, a courage invincible, never excelled and rarely 
equaled. In all these instances you have done honor to yourself, to the regiment to which 
jou belonged, and more than all to your country — thoughts which must cheer and sup- 
port you through life with conscious assurance of fully having performed your duty. 

God grant that you may be speedily restored to health, to your happy home and 
friends, to the land of the free, where the spontaneous expression of a grateful people will 
be, "Well done, thou good and faithful servant." 

With assurances of our sincere respect and esteem, we subscribe ourselves. 
Your sincere friends, 

\V. F. Sanderson, Capt. Co. R. M. R. Dr. M. Frost, 2d Lieut. R. M. R. 

L B. Backenstos, Capt. R. M. R. Andrew Porter, Capt. Co. F, M't'd Rifles. 

Stephen S. Tucker, Capt. Co. K, R. M. R. N. Newton, 1st Lieut. R. M. R. 

Francis S. K. Russell, Lieut. R. M. R. G. Granger, Lieut. R. M. R. 

Alfred Gibbs, Brev. 2d Lieut. R. M. R. J. N. Palmer, Lieut. R. M. R. 

James Stewart, 2d Lieut. R. AL R. Thomas Duncan, 1st Lieut. M't'd Rifles. 

la addition to this testimonial of General Simonson's military career, 
I will merely add a copy of his discharge from the army in the war of 
1812: 

"Honor to the Brave." 

This certifies that John S. Simonson, Sergeant in Captain N. F. Knapp's company, 
Colonel Dobbin's regiment and General Porter's brigade of New York State Volunteers, 
having served through the late campaign in Upper Canada, and faithfully performed his 
duty, is most honorably discharged. 

Batavia, No-uember 2d, 1S14. John Jones, Ens. Conulg. 

It will be seen that but few men living or dead have done as much 
actual service in the field as General Simonson. 

"A soldier now behold him, 
All skillful in the arts." 

General Simonson is among the oldest members of the Masonic fra- 
ternity in Indiana. The entered apprentice, fellow craft and master's 
degrees were conferred upon him in 1S18, at Blazing Star Lodge, No. 
3, Charlestown, Indiana. The higher degrees were taken in the Chapter 



134 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



and Commandery at Indianapolis. He was master of Blazing Star 
Lodge and delegate to the Grand Lodge, which met in Corydon, in 
1821. At this time he is a member of Raper Commandery of Knights 
Templar, at Indianapolis. He is devotedly attached to the rites and 
principles of the Masonic order. 

JOHN D. MORRIS, , 

The fourth son of the late Morris Morris, and brother of General 
Thomas A. Morris, was born in Carlisle, Nicholas county, Kentucky, on 
the i8th of September, 1815. With the family of his father he came to 
Indianapolis in October, 182 1, since which time-the writer has been well 
acquainted with him, being schoolmates for a number of years, first in 
the log school house on the point lot between Illinois street and Ken- 
tucky avenue, the school being kept by his elder brother, the late Aus- 
tin W. Morris, then in the different schools of the village for a number 
of years. 

After he became of age he engaged in njerchandising, the firm at 
first being Wilson, Hazelett & Morris. He was for several years general 
freight agent of the Indianapolis, Cincinnati and Lafayette railroad at 
this point. For some time he was a large stockholder in the Capita! 
City Planing Mills, on Massachusetts avenue. He is now engaged with 
Charles Glazier in the coal, coke, lime and cement business, also jobbers 
in grain, flour, hay, mill feed, etc. 

In all the various business he has been engaged in he has had the 
confidence of the business public. Mr. Morris was married on the 30th 
of June, 1841, to Miss Martha A. Wiles, of Ohio, who is yet his help- 
meet. They have five living children, one dead. One of his daughters 
is the wife of Commander George Brown, of the United States Navy. 

In the fifty-six years of an acquaintance with Mr. Morris the writer 
has never heard him spoken of but in flattering terms, all to praise, none 
to censure. The writer's opinion of him may be judged from the fact 
that upon a time he selected him to stand by him at a very interesting 
period of his life, i. e., at the hymenial alter, an ordeal in which he 
played his part well. 

JAMES L. BRADLFA^ 

Mr. Bradley was the eldest of two sons of the late Henry Bradley, 
one of the first settlers of Indianapolis. His father and uncle William 
had arranged with the father of the author of this work to meet him 



JAMES L. BRADLEY. Ijc 

and family at the mouth of the Kentucky river on the Ohio in October, 
1820, when he was en route to the mouth of Fall creek in the New 
Purchase in Indiana, but failed to meet them until they were encamped 
on the bank of Flat Rock, nine miles above Columbus. They then 
remained and assisted the family to their destination. 

During the winter of 1820-21 they cleared land in common with the 
other settlers ; this was called the " big field." After putting in a crop 
in the spring of 1821 the Bradleys returned to Kentucky. On the 6th of 
September, 182 1, Henry Bradley arrived with his family, consisting of 
his wife and one child, the subject of this sketch. 

Henry Bradley was a magistrate for Center township for many years, 
and then engaged in mercantile pursuits in 1847. After being a resi- 
dent of Indianapolis twenty-six years he purchased a farm on Sugar 
creek, between the Madison and Indianapolis railroad and the State road, 
where he lived until the 8th of February, 1859, at which time he died. 
His wife, Mrs. Bradley, lived until the 24th of November, 1876. 

James L. Bradley was born in Franklin county, near Frankfort, the 
capital of Kentucky, on the 29th of March, 18 19. 

As stated above be came with his father's family to Indianapolis on 
the 6th of September, 1821. Was educated in the common schools of 
the place. In 1840 he went to Iowa, where he remained until the ist 
of June, 1848. While in Iowa Mr. Bradley was married ; his wife died, 
leaving one child, a daughter. 

After his return from Iowa he made his father's house his home. 
After the death of his father he again married ; among his second wife's 
children he has a fine sprightly boy, name'd in honor of his father. 

Mr. Bradley was a heavy stockholder in the Madison, Jeffersonville 
and Indianapolis railroad, and was for several years one of its directors. 
He was also president of the Jeffersonville bank. 

His father and mother were both natives of Franklin county, Ken- 
tucky. The father was born on the 7th of July, 1795 ; the mother, 
whose maiden name was Ficklin, was born on the nth of July, 1799. 
The families of Mr. Bradley and the author have now been intimately 
acquainted for three quarters of a century, with an uninterrupted friends 
ship during the entire time. Mr. Bradley inherited from his father and 
mother a lively, jovial disposition, willing to take the world as he find- 
it and make the most out of it. Without any knowledge of the great 
future he has made the most of the present. 



136 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



JAMES H. McKERNAN. 



The career of Mr. McKernan shows a man of preeminent usefulness.. 
Holding a prominent place among the men whose energy and ingenuity- 
have illustrated the history of the west, few have done more, or obtruded 
themselves less, than himself. The originator of many important enter- 
prises, and the founder of great iron manufacturing interests in the State 
of Missouri, it may well be supposed that he is no common man and 
has no ordinary career. His success, like all great successes, has beeri 
achieved against constant disappointments, frequent failures and heavy 
losses. Perseverance and indomitable energy have been characteristics 
of Mr. McKernan's life, which has been one of struggle, self-reliance,, 
bold effort and hard-won though inadequately requited success. 

The following sketch is mainly from data furnished, though the writer 
has been personally and intimately acquainted with Mr. McKernan for 
more than thirty years : 

"James H. McKernan was born in Wilmington, Delaware, in De- 
cember, 1815. In his seventh year he was removed with the remainder 
of the family to Muskingum county, Ohio, where his father settled on a 
little farm of fifty acres, subsequently increased to seventy-five. The 
straightened circumstances of his father prevented him from receiving 
more than the merest rudiments at school. At the age of seventeen he 
was left by the death of his father the sole support of the family, with 
no means but the farm, which was nearly as poor in quality as small in 
quantity. 

" But he was a brave-hearted boy for the struggle of life. The dis- 
couragement natural to his forlorn situation was a feeling that he never 
knew. He 'worked hard and rented land to eke out the inadequate 
yield of his own. In two years he had made a very fair showing for 
even a full-grown man. He had forty-seven acres of small grain to cut, 
and was using prudently all the opportunities of trade that came in his- 
way. Among his neighbors his reputation for business capacity, prompt- 
ness, integrity and prudence was most enviable. And yet he was a boy 
of an age when most lads are still at school, and few depend upon their 
own efforts, much less have the support of others. By the time he had 
attained his majority he had paid off his father's debts which hung over 
the farm, built a handsome and valuable house, one of the best in that 
neighborhood, and accumulated a little money in addition, to start him- 
self in business. Nothing probably in his life e.xcels this achievement 
while still in his nonage, and not one man in a million can match it. 



JAMES H. Mc KERN AN. I^j^ 

In truth, heroism and self-dependence, combined with grasp of mind 
and energy, were inborn elements of his character. 

" In 1836, then twenty-one years of age, he put in his fall grain and 
began trading in produce. He was quite as successful in this as in his 
farming. In the spring of 1837 he associated himself with a Mr. John 
McMullen in the mercantile business at Lafayette, Madison county, 
Ohio. The next five years of his life was merely the usual routine of 
the dry-goods dealer. In 1842 he established himself at Lafayette,. 
Indiana, in the foundry busihess, and in 1845 removed to Indianapolis, 
where he has ever since resided. He began business in the dry goods 
way with Jesse Jones ; but his tastes and talents inclined him strongly 
to inventions and the mechanic arts. Whatever his immediate occupa- 
tion, mechanical constructions, improvements, and suggestions were 
always floating in his mind. He has patented several valuable inventions. 

"A man of his energy and enterprise quickly sought or created the 
widest fields of action. It was not one or two things, but many, which, 
engaged his attention. He speculated in real estate, bought whole for- 
ests, built saw mills to cut them, and erected whole streets of cheap, 
but neat and serviceable houses, extending Indianapolis on the south- 
west beyond the wildest dream of the most enthusiastic visionary. In 
fact he added a small town to the city, which is called McKernansville. 
This district is within the corporate limits of the city, being less than. 
five squares from its center, and four squares from the Bates House. 

"Mr. McKernan exhibited both benevolence and sagacity in carry- 
ing out his plans of improvement. He allowed the purchasers to buy 
on terms which made the installments of purchase money about equal 
to a fair rent, so that in a few years the purchaser found himself in pos- 
session of a house and out of debt. He thus made scores of freeholders 
of men who, if required to buy in the usual way, would have been rent- 
ers to the last day of their lives. In many cases he furnished a portion 
of the money and material to build with. The rapid building up of 
McKernansville is due to this liberal policy. The editor of the Indiana 
American, under date of February 18, 187 1, commenting upon Mr. 
McKernan, says : 

" ' Ohe feature of his business deserves notice. For many years lie has put up small. 
houses, and sold houses and lots to the poor, on long time, at fair (igures and low interest,, 
to be paid for in monthly payments at little above the average rate of rents, thus putting 
them in their own property, paying their taxes, furnishing them money to build houses to 
keep them under shelter, charging them only a nominal interest, and in many cases where 
sickness or misfortune .should overtake them, extending their credit ten, and often fifteen 
years — and few have more deserved the benedictions of the poor.' 



138 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

"The labors, difficulties, and sometimes sacrifices, which have been 
required on Mr. McKernan's part in the progress of this undertaking, 
have beqji sufficient to try his capabihty and endurance to the utmost. 
But he has persevered with the same firmness of purpose and confidence 
as to results which he displayed as far back as his boyhood, on the farm. 
What he has succeeded in doing is well stated in the Indiana State Sen- 
tinel of May 1st, 187 1. An article headed ' McKernansville ' shows that 
section of the city to include an area of two hundred acres, having nu- 
merous and profitable manufacturing establishments, with an invested 
capital of over a million and a half of dollars, and a population of over 
five thousand souls, most of whom are hard-working, honest mechanics, 
and nearly all own the property on which they live. The Indiana State 
Journal, under date of June i6th, 1871, in an article on 'Our City,' 
writes in glowing terms of the labors and efforts of Mr. McKernan in 
building up Indianapolis. 

" Among the lots of real estate which he obtained was a low bottom, 
bordering on White river, on the line of the projected Vincennes rail- 
way, at the southwest extremity of the city. Here he resolved to estab- 
lish an iron-rolling mill. In connection with a few others, he succeeded 
in putting it successfully to work. But financial matters made it advis- 
able for him to dispose of his interest, and the mill, after some indifferent 
management, came under the control cf men who ha\e kept it in full 
and remunerative operation. 

'• In the prosecution of his real estate and other enterprises, however, 
Mr. McKernan did not lose sight of a subject which had long held a 
prominent place in his thoughts, and led him into many expensive ex- 
periments. This was the reduction of iron ore by means of ordinary 
western coal. He had satisfied himself of its practicabilit)-, and detected 
the defects in the operation of those who had attempted it and failed. 
So clear were all the processes, and so certain the result, in his mind, 
that he determined, with characteristic enterprise, to attempt it on a 
scale which should settle the question fully and finally. 

" The inexhaustible deposits of iron and coal of the State of Missouri 
are well known. For more than half a century experiments have been 
made with this iron ore and coal, but, until Mr. McKernan's success 
with them, good iron was never made. 

" We find in the Missouri Republican, of St. Louis, under date of 
June 30th, 1 87 1, a highly interesting article, giving all the authentic 
facts on the subject, from which we extract the closing paragraph : 



JAMES H. M(KERNAN. 



139 



11 <» » » « Thirty years ago Hon. Thomas H. Benton took coal from the Big 
Muddy to experiment in the reduction of Pilot Knob ores. Hon. John Bell, of Kentucky, 
imade experiments with coal from near Caseyville in that State upon the same ores. The 
lingenious Mr. James Collins, of the firm of Collins & Holliday, conducted the experi- 
ments, and proved the power of coal to make iron. But enterprise was set in other direc- 
tions then, and, if it had not been, the chances are many to one that any iron-smelting 
■enterprise would have turned out, as every effort till Mr. McKernan's did turn out, a 
failure. St. Louis, with fabulous wealth right under her hand, traded in lead and furs, 
and dry goods and groceries, and thought nothing of the vast inheritance she was neg- 
lecting. Her mountains of ore were curiosities she sent distinguished visitors and tourists 
■out to look at, and wonder why she could put no part of her abounding energy to making 
them something better than shows. They were bragged about enormously, but not used. 
At last capitalists began to see what promise of prosperity for their city and State, and 
the whole country, lay in these phenominal hills of iron, and made efforts to use them. 
The Iron Mountain Company, in 1863, erected a large and expensive furnace, with all the 
latest improvements, at the Iron Mountain, and learned, in a year of utter failure and 
waste, that they did not know how to make iron with raw coal. Their product was 
worthless. It could not be worked in any shape, or for any purpose. The furnace was 
abandoned, and the investment lost. In 1864, the Pilot Knob Company, owning another 
mountain of iron, built a furnace at Carondelet, and renewed the disastrous experiment 
and experience of its predecessor. No expense was spared that the knowledge and skill of 
Pennsylvania iron men demanded for complete preparation, and workmen familiar with 
all the processes of the usual mode of manui'acture were obtained. A year of failure 
taught the same lesson in this as in the other case. The way to make iron with raw 
coal was yet to be learned, or, at least, applied. The great metropolis of the Mississippi 
valley was still struggling blindly, though vigorously, to reach the wealth that she knew 
Tvas near, but did not know how to grasp. The conclusion seemed to be pretty well fixed 
that raw western coal would, not make iron, and if ever a great iron manufacture was 
•established on the Mississippi, it would have to depend on charcoal instead of stone coal 
for fuel. In this state of public feeling and depression of enterprise, Mr. McKernan ap- 
peared with the mission of dispelling the public delusion, inspiriting dispirited enterprise, 
and starting St. Louis on the sure road to the infinite wealth — that is to be melted out 
•of her vast heaps of iron. All that had been before was nothing and worse. It was his 
itask to do something real, palpable and profitable, or pointing to inevitable profit.' " ^ 

" Mr. McKernan went to St. Louis in the spring of 1867. He was 
rather stimulated than discouraged by the failures of his predecessors, 
for he thought he saw the cause and the remedy. He obtained the 
abandoned furnace of the Pilot Knob Company at Carondelet, now a 
part of St. Louis, and adapted it to his own idea. It is not necessary to 
■describe in detail the changes he made in the form of the furnace, or 
the mode of changing it. The experiment was a complete success, and 
first-class iron was made. A prominent western iron master stated at a 
meeting of the St. Louis Board of Trade that this iron was ' emphatically 
good.' It worked easily and well, and assisted the working of poor 
iron. In fact, it was as good iron as was used in any western mill. 

9 



I40 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



"This was a great success for Mr. McKernan. He had reahzed his 
hopes fully. Every one before him, with vastly more capital and better 
opportunities, but lacking his original theories and combinations, had 
failed. He had .shown St. Louis a new source of business and prosper- 
ity of immense value. The way was 'blazed out. ' The furnace, which 
was looked upon as a pile of ruins, and which was appraised, with a 
quarter of a block of ground on which it stood, by sworn men, for tax 
purposes, at fifteen hundred dollars, is now worth one hundred thousand. 
But embarrassments, arising from his Indianapolis enterprises, rendered 
it necessary for Mr. McKernan either to abandon his undertaking or 
obtain additional means to carry it on. The St. Louis Board of Trade, 
and several of the largest capitalists, saw the fruits of the efforts he was- 
making, and urged him to remain and prosecute his work. At the 
meeting before alluded to his success was declared complete, and its 
importance clearly shown. He made an exposition of the business, and 
fifteen thousand dollars were promised him in St. Louis and five thou- 
sand in Carondelet. With these inducements he remained, taking two- 
partners. His next difficulty was experienced by his partners, in spite 
of his resistance, overruling his mode of working, and returning to the 
old one, which had always failed. It failed again. Work was resumed 
under the promise of the Board of Trade and citizens in the fall of 1867,. 
and the furnace underwent thorough repair during the winter until 
spring. Then Mr. McKernan obtained the consent of his partners to 
try his own way again. He did it with a result that amazed and silenced 
them. They told him to keep on ; they would interfere no more. 
Thus was the assurance of his former success confirmed. Iron smelting 
with cheap western coal was forever a fixed fact- 

"But it did not pecuniarily profit Mr. McKernan. His financial 
liabilities at home, and inadequate assistance at St. Louis (only Caron- 
delet met its obligations fully), compelled him to sell his interesj: in the 
pioneer furnace of successful iron smelting, and return to his affairs at 
Indianapolis. He thus sacrificed all his prospective gains, and returned 
home no richer, but rather poorer, than he went away. He had done 
all that St. Louis could ask, but nothing for himself. The Missouri 
Repubhcan thinks that in the light of all the facts it becomes St. Louis 
to decide fairly what acknowledgment she owes to the man who has 
achieved the great result in making iron, and whom she, by failing in 
her promise, forced to sacrifice all his interest and prospects in his own 
discovery. The same journal also pointedly declares that St. Louis 
owes less to her first settlers than to the man who has put in her hands 



JAMES H. Mc KERN AN. I4I 

the means to make available the grandest resources in the world. Both 
St. Louis and the State of Missouri certainly owe him some substantial 
recognition of his services. 

"The promise of improvements held out to St. Louis by the success 
of Mr. McKernan is now being realized. There is a large, safe and 
constantly increasing production of iron. It has risen to be one of the 
prime elements of her prosperity, and it will be more and more import- 
ant with every year. It is claimed that the population of the city has 
increased one hundred thousand in the past three years, and that the 
developments of Mr. McKernan have contributed to this accession is 
proved by a most significant fact. Following close upon his success 
have come investments in iron smelting sufficient to erect furnaces of an 
annual capacity of about one hundred thousand tons. Men of means, 
and those familiar with the iron manufacture from all parts of the coun- 
try, have had their attention directed to St. Louis and its advantages in 
this regard. 

" Mr. McKernan's daily life is marked by activity and industry. He 
is one who will never hesitate to do his share of the work which is done 
about him. Bold and confident in his temperament, he infuses others 
with like feelings. He has foresight to discover, intelligence to plan, 
and nerve to execute. Throughout his life he has been an originator of 
new schemes of enterprise, and both enlightenment and determination 
have been fully displayed. The praise of sound practical men, and of 
those who delight in far-seeing enterprise, has always been awarded to 
him, and the success which has crowned his efforts is of a character to 
constitute a public as well as personal benefit. 

" Is it too much to claim that such a man is a type of the great 
practical nation to which he belongs ? Such genius, energy and enter- 
prise are the harmonies which will ring through the ages the glory and 
power of our land. Leaving to the Old World the marshaling of arm- 
ies for conquest, the New will find her mission in the development of 
her people and resources." 

Since the above was written Mr. McKernan has died, after a long 
and painful illness, superinduced by an accident and injuries received 
while building his iron furnaces at St. Louis. He departed this life on 
the 26th day of January, 1877, leaving a widow and five sons ; the eldest 
soiK David S., is a well-known real estate agent and dealer of this city. 

Seldom have we written the sketch of one whose loss will be felt 
more keenly by the poor of the city ; their attendance upon his funeral. 



142 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



as well as most of the wealthy citizens, is the best testimonial of the 
estimation in which he was held by all classes. 

His obsequies took place from St. John's Cathedral, where the in- 
teresting and solemn burial rites of the Catholic church were conducted 
by Father Bessonies, assisted by Father O'Donaghue. I can not better 
express the true character of Mr. McKernan than by using the follow- 
ing quotation frorn Shakespeare : 

" His life was gentle ; and the elements 

So mixed in him that nature might stand up 
And say to all the world : ' This was a man !' " 

NOAH NOBLE, 

The fourth Governor of Indiana, was born on the'banks of the Shenan- 
doah river, in Frederick county, Virginia. When his father moved to 
Kentucky he sold his plantation to a Mr. Svvearengin, who was after- 
ward the father-in-law of his son. 

Noah Noble returned to Virginia in the ye»r 1819, and was married 
in the same house in which he was born. At an early day he removed 
to Brookville, thence to Indianapolis in the year 1826. Governor 
Noble's father-in-law visited him several times at this place. We remem- 
ber him as a fine specimen of the old Virginia gentleman. 

Lazarus Noble, brother of Noah, had been receiver of public moneys 
at Brookville, and when the land offices were ordered to be removed 
to this place, he started to remove with his family, and ere he had 
reached the Franklin county line was taken sick and died at the house 
of his friend Judge Mount. 

Noah was then appointed the successor of his brother, and immedi- 
ately entered upon the duties of the ofllce, and removed his family to 
this place. 

In 1829 he was among the first removals made by General Jackson, 
and James P. Drake appointed in his stead. After this he engaged in 
farming near the city ; a portion of his farm now forms an important 
part of the eastern portion of the city north of Washington street. 

In 1 83 1 he was selected as the Clay candidate, and ran against James 
G. Reed for Governor, and although the Jackson party was largely in 
the majority his great popularity with people not only crowned him 
with success, but also Milton Stapp, who was on the ticket for Lieu- 
tenant Governor. The office of chief magistrate of the State he held 
for two terms of three years each, and although he had attained the 



DR. WILLIAM. H. WISHARD. 



143 



highest office in the gift of the people directly, his ambition was not 
yet satisfied ; he aspired to the United States Senate, a place so long 
and ably filed by his elder brother. General James Noble. In this he 
was doomed to disappointment, intriguing and less scrupulous politi- 
cians outmanaging him. 

He held several other important offices, and came out of the political 
arena with an unsullied reputation as a public man, never yielding to 
anything that might be construed into selfishness, or bring reproach 
upon him as a public officer. 

In his friendship he was warm and devoted, and confiding to a fault. 
He had a mild and benevolent countenance, and a smile for all that 
either business or circumstances brought him in contact with. He died 
in the winter of 1844. 

Governor Noble left a widow and two children, a son and daughter. 
The daughter was the wife of the late A. H. Davidson ; she died in the 
summer of 1851, leaving several children who yet live in or near the 
city. The son, W. P. Noble, and his mother, yet reside on a portion 
of the old farm, and near the city. 

" When by a good man's grave I muse alone, 
Methinks an angel sits upon the stone." 



DR. WILLIAM H. WISHARD 

Was born in Nicholas county, Kentucky, in 18 16, and with his father's 
family. Colonel John Wishard, came to Indiana in October, 1825. 
He remained at home doing farm work until 1838, at which time he 
went to Greenwood and commenced the study of medicine with Dr. 
Benjamin Noble, brother of the late Governor Noah Noble. Dr. Wish- 
ard's education, like the children of nearly all the early settlers of his 
neighborhood, was quite deficient. 

In 1840 he formed a partnership with Dr. Noble, in the practice of 
medicine ; being united in marriage the same year with Miss Harriet 
N. Moreland, daughter of the Rev. John Moreland, a Presbyterian min- 
ister who died a short time before in Indianapolis. He continued to 
practice at Greenwood for some years. He then purchased the farm 
which was formerly the home of his father, removing to it and remain- 
ing there until 1864. He then went to Southport, Marion county. 

During the war of the rebellion he spent most of his time in the 
south, as surgeon in the army, being connected with several different 



144 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



regiments of Indiana volunteers. He also had charge of the removal of 
disabled and wounded soldiers from the south to their homes in Indiana. 
At the election in 1876 he was elected on the Republican ticket 
coroner of Marion county, and removed to the city. Dr. Wishard is a 
man of pleasing address and genial manners, and is popular with all 
classes of our citizens, without regard to political considerations, al- 
though a staunch and firm Republican, having formerly been an old 
line Whig. 

WILLIAM REAGAN. 

Among the pioneers of Marion county was Mr. William Reagan, 
who came about the middle of October, 1820, and settled near Fall 
creek, on the north side of the donation. 

He was a native of Newberry district. South Carolina. In the year 
1800 he removed to Warren county, Ohio ; from there to Vincennes in 
18 16; thence to Marion county, as above stated. 

Mr. Reagen was of Quaker parentage. He had but two children, 
both daughters. Rachel, the eldest, was the first white woman married 
in the New Purchase, as stated in the sketch of Jerry Johnson. The 
second daughter is the wife of George Bruce, and inherited the home- 
stead of her father. 

Mr. Reagan died the 5th of April, 1847. Mrs. Reagan survived 
him twenty-seven years ; she died on the I2th of February, 1874. Mr. 
Reagen will be remembered by the few old citizens now living and their 
descendants as one of our most honorable and industrious, as well as 
prosperous farmers of the county. 

REV. AMOS HANWAY. 

Mr. Hanway was born at Marietta, Ohio, on the i6th of March, 
1816. He came with his father's family to Indianapolis in the summer 
of 1 82 1. They had descended the Ohio river and ascended the Wabash 
in 1820, in an Olean flatboat. .After remaining in Vincennes during 
the winter, they ascended White river to this point in their boat. Mr. 
Hanway's boyhood days were spent mostly as a fisherman, and he was 
considered expert in the business. The writer spent nearly every Sat- 
urday with him for at least ten years. 

In early life he attached himself to the Methodist church, and in 
1840 was licensed to preach, and has been in the ministry since that 
time. For some years he was connected with the church known as 



JUDGE FRANKLIN HARDIN. I45 

^United Brethren, but is now a member of the Southeast Indiana Con- 
ference of the Methodist Episcopal church. He received a great por- 
tion of his education in the same Sunday school with the writer. I 
remember well the protest we made against the organization of the 
school, as it interfered materially with our fishing arrangements. 

Mr. Hanway's father brought the first barrel of whisky that came 
to Indianapolis, which rendered his house very attractive while it lasted. 
He was the first to put a shingle roof on a house in the place. This 
house stood on the north bank of the river, near Washington street, 
where the Kingan pork house is located. Mr. Hanway is brother to 
Samuel Hanway, treasurer elect of Marion county. The two brothers 
are the only living members of the original family. Mr. Hanway is 
•quite popular as a minister. 

JUDGE FRANKLIN HARDIN. 

Judge Hardin is a native of Kentucky, born in Fleming (now Nich- 
olas) county on the 27th of July, 18 10. His father, Henry Hardin, 
■was a relative of Ben Hardin, a noted lawyer and prominent politician 
of Kentucky ; also a connnection of the late Colonel J. Hardin, of lUi- 
tiois, who fell at the battle of Beuna Vista during the war, and for 
■whom a county each in Illinois and Iowa is named. Some of Franklin 
Hardin's brothers and sisters settled in the northwest portion of John- 
son county, Indiana, in October, 1824. After the death of their father, 
Avhich occurred in October, 1825, Franklin, his mother and the younger 
members of the family, Franklin being the junior member of the fam- 
ily, also settled in the same neighborhood in October, 1827. Judge 
Hardin taught school for about five years, a large portion of the time 
in Washington township, Marion county, a portion of the time in Ferry 
township, in the same county, and a short time in White River town- 
■ship, Johnson county. 

In October, 1831, he returned to Kentucky and was there married 
to the daughter of a farmer who had been a near neighbor of his father. 
He became a permanent citizen of White River township, Johnson 
•county, late in the year 1832, where he has resided ever since on a farm 
twelve miles southwest of Indianapolis, on the Bluff road. 

In the spring of 1836 he was appointed by the late Judge William 
W. Wick, surveyorof Johnson county, and served six consecutive years. 
He was elected a member of and served in the House of Representatives 
an the State Legislature in the years 1842-43-44, and elected to the Sen- 



146 



SA-£TCHES OF PROMISEXT CITIZEXS. 



ate in 1845 and 184S, sen-ing as a legislator nine consecutive sessions. 
In 1850 he was elected a delegate to the constitutional convention, 
serving in the capacit}- of both Senator and delegate at the same time. 
He was then again elected count)- sur\'eyor and served until he was 
elected judge of the Court of Common Pleas, in October, '1852 ; was 
re-elected in 1856, and ser\-ed as judge of that court eight years, and 
has held several other offices of trust and emolument, but was never a 
justice of the peace, an office for which Mr. Hardin had no particular love. 

His first vote was cast a few days after he had attained his majority, 
at the old Court House in Indianapolis, in 183 1, for Dr. Samuel G. 
Mitchell, for Representative and Calvin Fletcher for Senator. These 
votes were given through personal friendship. In November, 1832, at 
the same place, he cast his first Presidential vote for General Jackson, 
against Henry Clay. In 1836 he voted for Van Buren against General 
Harrison; he also voted the same ticket in 1840. In 1S44 he voted 
for James K. Polk against Henrj- Clay. In 1848 he voted for General 
Lewis Cass against General Zachary Taylor; in 1852 for Franklin 
Pierce against General Winfield Scott. In 1856 he was a delegate, in 
connection with the late A. F. Morrison, to the Cincinnati convention, 
and supported Stephen A. Douglas for the Democratic candidate for 
President, but at the election voted for James Buchanan, the nominee 
of the convention, against John C. Fremont, the Republican candidate. 

In 1S60 he was a candidate for election on the ticket in the interest of 
John C. Breckenridge, and voted at the election for him against Lincola 
and Douglas, " repudiating Douglas on account of his defection and 
forced nomination." In 1864 he voted for the Democratic electoral 
ticket, tearing off the name of the Presidential candidate. General 
McClellan, whom he disliked for some of his military' maneuvers, as it 
■was well known that Judge Hardin for conscientious reasons, and from, 
principle, opposed the war, which he thought could have been prevented. 

In 1868 he voted for Seymour against General Grant. In 1872- 
refused to vote, as the nominee of the Democratic partj', Horace Gree- 
ley, was repugnant to him. 

In 1876 he voted for Samuel J. Tilden against Rutherford B. Hayes. 
It will be readily seen that Mr, Hardin has worked pretty evenly along; 
in the Democratic traces, except when influenced by principle, when no 
consideration would induce him to violate it. It will also be seen that a 
large portion of his life has been devoted to the public, taking into 
consideration the time he was an educator, a full half century. 

Mr. Hardin is an earnest, positive man, and when he makes up his 



WILLIAM B. McClelland. 



HT 



mind that he is in the line of his duty, and feels assured he is right, no 
consideration will swerve him from it. Of this the writer can speak 
from a personal acquaintance of nearly fifty years. 

His ancestors were French Huguenots ; the name, perhaps, was. 
originally Hardoine. His relatives, the early Hardins of Kentucky, 
were the companions of Daniel Boone, and rendered him essential aid 
in subduing the savages during the early settlement of "the dark and 
bloody ground," the time that tried men's patriotism, and their services 
were appreciated. As a memorial of their services the Legislature 
named a county for them. 

Colonel John Hardin, who commanded under General Harrison 
during the disastrous campaign in the North Territory, was of th& 
same family. Although Mr. Hardin has spent a large portion of his- 
life in the public service, he has taken time to manage his farming inter- 
est in a way that will furnish him a competency for declining years. 
The lady whom he chose forty-five years ago as his companion for life- 
is yet the mistress of his home, and such a one as is calculated to make: 
it a home in reality as well as in name, kind, hospitable and generous. 

No person, after five minutes conversation with Judge Hardin, caa 
mistake him on any subject alluded to. There is no duplicity or deceit 
in the composition of Frank Hardin. Frank by name and frank by 
nature, frank in speech, and frankness characterises his every action. 

WILLIAM B. McClelland. 

Among the prominent and well-known farmers of Marion county is- 
Mr. McClelland, the writer having known him over half a century. 
He was born in Dickson county, Tennessee, on the 26th of July, 18 12, 
In the fall of 18 14 he, with his father's family, emigrated to the terri- 
tory of Indiana, and settled on Indian creek, in Union county; moved 
to Marion county in March, 1822, when the city of Indianapolis was 
but a village of log cabins, without any pretentions to be much more. 
He was for several years the near neighbor of the late Colonel George- 
L. Kinnard, and was on intimate terms with that distinguished indir 
vidual. 

Mr. McClelland has lived to see the forest, as it were, blossom like- 
the rose ; the tomahawk and scalping knife of the savage give way to- 
the plowshare and pruning hook, and the yell of the wild " Injun " to^ 
the screams of the locomotive. May he live in Marion county another 
fifty-five years,' and " may I be there to see." 



148 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



ABRAM COBLE 



Was one of the pioneers of Marion county, coming to it before the 
■county was organized. Mr. Coble was a native of North Carolina, but 
at an early age removed to Montgomery county, Ohio, and settled ten 
miles north of Dayton, where he remained until 1821, at which time he 
came to Marion county, and purchased land three miles northwest of 
the city, where the Lafayette State road was afterwards laid out and 
made. While the late Colonel George L. Kinnard was surveying this 
road he made Mr. Coble's house his home. One of Mr. Coble's sons, 
yet unnamed, took such a liking to Mr. Kinnard that he named himself 
for him. He is our worthy fellow-citizen, George Coble, who for sev- 
eral years has been a prominent grocer on the northwest corner of 
Washington and Mississippi streets. 

Mr. Coble built one of the first sawmills in the county, which was 
near his residence, on Crooked creek. This mill furnished the lumber 
for the National road bridge over White river. Mr. Coble loaded on 
White river, near his mill, a flat-boat with lumber, which was the first 
boat of the kind to descend White river. 

He died in May, 1842, much regretted by the whole community, for 
nearly every person in the county respected him as an honest, upright 
man. He has two sons now residents of the city. He sleeps in the 
graveyard on his old farm, the land having been donated for that pur- 
pose by himself. His grave is marked by a neat but unpretending mon- 
ument, giving his age and time of death. 

WILLIAM HOLMES, 

Pather of William Canada Holmes, was born in Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania, 1792. When eight years of age he emigrated with his 
parents to Butler county, Ohio, where he remained until 1820, thence to 
Wayne county, near Richmond. While in Ohio he was married to 
Miss Elizabeth Lyons, in the year 1821. He removed to what was 
then called the New Purchase, now Marion county, and settled three 
miles west of Indianapolis, on Big Eagle creek, where he remained 
until his death, which occurred in 1858. His wife survived him several 
years. Mr. Holmes was blessed with a goodly number of children, 
born in the order in which they are named: John B. , Marcia Ann, 
Jotham L., Martha Ann, William Canada, Ira N., Isaiah, Jeremiah, 
Elizabeth, Uriah, Sarah and Noah P. During the Black Hawk war of 



AARON WRIGHT. I^g 

1832, Mr. Holmes was among the first to volunteer for that ever mem- 
orable campaign. 

A younger brother of Mr. Holmes, John, came to the country with 
him and built the saw mill for many years known as the "Kunkle 
Mill." John Holmes died but a few years after he became a resident. 
William then built the saw mill just below the National road bridge on 
Eig Eagle creek, known as "Billy Holmes' Mill." The two brothers 
look the contract for and laid the brick in the old and first Court House, 
in 1824. Mr. Holmes was a large man, full six feet in height, power- 
fully muscular, without any surplus flesh. Although he did not live 
■out the time generally allotted to man, he lived to a good old age, and 
to see the wilderness blossom as the rose. No pioneer of the New Pur- 
chase lived more respected or died more regretted by his numerous 
friends than " Billy Holmes," as he was familiarly called. His young- 
est son, Noah P. Holmes, is the owner of, and resides at, the old home- 
stead, which will long be remembered as the Holmes farm. 

AARON WRIGHT. 

Among the early settlers of the Territory of Indiana was a large 
family of Wrights, who emigrated from Randolph county. North Caro- 
lina, and settled in Union county in 18 13. From Union county a por- 
tion of them went to Wayne, and some to Washington counties ; later 
four of the sons came to Marion county. Eli remained in Wayne and 
Levi in Washington ; the latter was for several years sheriff of that 
•county, and Eli held several responsible offices in Wayne. Joel, Jesse, 
Noah and Aaron came to Marion early in the history of the county. 
Joel died several years since from the effects of an accident ; Noah died 
a few years since at his farm, four miles south of town on the Madison 
State road ; Jesse was a leading man of this county, and while county 
commissioner, purchased the present Poor Farm ; he afterwards removed 
to Iowa and there died ; Aaron, the last of the six brothers, died on the 
22d of February, 1877, at the house of his son Jesse, of heart disease. 

He was born in Randolph county. North Carolina, in August, 1799; 
■came to Marion county in April, 1822. During Mr. Wright's fifty five 
years residence the writer knew him well ; it was something more than 
an acquaintance, it was a friendship from the writer's boyhood; when I 
was but a store boy he dealt with me, and in after years when doing 
business for myself 

Mr. Wright for several years past made his home with his son Jesse, 



I 50 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

who lives three miles west of the city, on the Vandalia railroad. Jesse 
Wright, the son, is one of our well-known and prominent farmers, own- 
ing one of the best farms in that portion of Wayne township. Aaron 
Wright was what Pope denominates 

"The noblest work of God, an honest man." 

WILLIAM CANADA HOLMES, 

Third son of William Holmes, named in a preceding sketch, was born 
at his father's old homestead on the National road, on the 23d of May, 
1826. When only seventeen years old contracted with his father for 
and took the management of his saw-mill, and continued in its manage- 
ment until he was twenty yeaj;s of age ; in the meantime, when the 
mill was idle, going to school, and received a fair English education. 
When the time had expired for which he took the mill, he had laid by 
a nice capital besides extracting his father from financial embarrassment, 
consequent upon the building of the mill ; he then continued sixteen 
years longer in the lumber and milling business. In 1857 he purchased 
the old Isaac Pugh farm, seven miles from the city on the Crawfordsville 
State road; on this he built one of the finest farm residences in the county. 

In 1865 Mr. Holmes purchased the interest of T. R. Fletcher in the 
Fourth National bank, and acted as president. Six months later this 
bank was consolidated with the Citizen's National bank. One year after 
the consolidation he was elected president, and for two years in succes- 
sion thereafter, superceding Isaiah Mansur. After performing the duties 
of president of the bank he resigned in consequence of failing health, 
but is yet a director in the same institution. 

He then formed a partnership with Messrs. Coffin & Landers, for 
the purpose of purchasing and packing pork, the firm being known by 
the title of Coffin, Holmes & Landers. In this firm he remained one 
year. He then formed another partnership, the name of the firm being 
Holmes, Pettit & Bradshaw, and built the extensive establishment at the 
foot of Kentucky avenue ; this house has a capacity for slaughtering, 
packing and keeping through the summer fifty thousand hogs, the 
building and ground costing one hundred thousand dollars or over. 
Their average business disburses between five and six hundred thousand 
dollars annually. The last season they purchased and packed thirty- 
one thousand hogs. 

Mr. Holmes is the present owner of the Sentinel building. Since his 
purchase of it from Richard J. Bright he has built an addition on Circle 



SAMUEL GOLDSBERRY. 



iSi 



street, in which is kept the Public Library. He has also added materi- 
ally to the growth of the city by the erection of several fine private 
houses, and a donation of twenty acres of land, worth about forty thou- 
sand dollars, to aid in the erection of manufacturing establishments: 
seven acres to the Novelty Iron Works; thirteen acres to the Haugh 
Iron Railing Manufactory. Mr. Holmes was married on the 15th of 
December, 1849, to Catharine, second daughter of the venerable James 
Johnson, since which time they have glided down the stream of time 
together. This union, like that of his father, has been blessed with sev- 
eral children, six daughters and two sons — Hannah Elizabeth, Sarah 
Alice, Marj^ Helen, Samuel, Martha Ann, Canada Johnson, Catharine 
Snively, and Rose Hannah ; the first and fourth died when infants ; six 
are yet living under the parental roof Two of the daughters are young 
ladies, two and the son are at school, the sixth an infant. Mr. Holmes, 
like his father, is quite tall, but of slender build, florid complexion and 
prepossessing in manner ; while he is frank and candid in his expressions 
yet he is courteous; in social life he is hospitable and generous, in his 
family he seems to be the center of their affections. 

Mr. Holmes' success as a business man is a fair illustration of what 
industry and perseverance, coupled with strict punctuality in engage- 
ments, will accomplish. He is now one of the wealthy men of the 
city. 

SAMUEL GOLDSBERRY 

Was from Berkley county, Virginia, and came to this place, a young 
man, in 1824. He was a carpenter, and followed his business up to the 
time of his death, which occurred in 1S47 He had accumulated con- 
siderable property, and left his young family in good circumstances. 

Soon after he came to this place he was married to Miss Elizabeth, 
daughter and only child of George Smith, Esq., one of the proprietors 
and editors of the Indianapolis Gazette. 

He left a family of ten children — six sons and four daughters — 
nearly all of whom are still living in the city. His second daughter is 
the wife of Thomas Cottrell, Esq., one of the enterprising business men 
of the city. 

His widow was married several years after his death to Mr. William 
Martin, one of the respectable farmers of the county. 

Mr. Goldsberry was esteemed as an honest, upright and industrious 
man. He was for many years a member of the Methodist church, and 
•died lamented by all who knew him. 



152 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



HENRY p. COBURN 



Was one of the estimable citizens of Indianapolis, gained when the cap- 
ital was removed to it. He, with his family, came to this place in De- 
cember, 1824, only a few weeks previous to the time the first Legisla- 
ture convened. He had been a citizen of the State since its first admis- 
sion into the Union in 18 16, and was Clerk of the Supreme Court, and 
as such came to this city and remained in office for several years. 

Mr. Coburn was a native of Massachusetts, born and raised in the 
village of Dracut, but as an adventurer in search of a home and fortune, 
he first settled in this State at Corydon, at the time above stated. 

Mr. Coburn was one of the most conscientious men I have ever 
known, honest in his dealings with his neighbors, and punctual in every- 
thing he undertook. 

He ever took an active part in the cause of education in the city and 
throughout the State, and did, perhaps, more than any other person 
toward bringing into existence the present free school system, which is 
such a blessing, especially to the poorer classes and laborers of the 
country, and is educating their children along with those of the wealthy 
and more favored citizens. 

He also took a lively interest in agriculture and horticulture, and 
State and county fairs, and was always, from the time they were first 
introduced in the State and county, among the exhibitors of fruits, 
flowers, etc., that had been cultivated by his personal labor. 

Although a lawyer of fine attainments he did but little in the prac- 
tice of his profession after he came to this place, but contented himself 
with attending to the duties of his office and his large and splendid gar- 
den of four acres, which he took great pains in cultivating. This garden 
spot is now almost in the center of the city, and a large portion of it is 
yet owned by his son, the Hon. John Coburn. 

Mr. Coburn was a very unobtrusive and retiring man, never trying 
to force his opinions, either religious or political, upon others, though 
firm and decided in them himself. His manner had in it the affa- 
bility and social qualities calculated to make all feel easy and at 
home in his society. He was ever ready to contribute anything in his 
power to promote the happiness of his friends. He was for many years 
one of the leading members of the Second Presbyterian church, and 
died in 1854, regretted by all who knew him. 

Mr. Coburn's eldest son, Augustus, was drowned in Lake Superior 
a few years since. His second son, Hon. John Coburn, raised and com- 



GENERAL JOHN COB URN. I e ■> 

manded the 33d Indiana regiment in the war for the preservation of the 
Union. He has since been twice elected to Congress, and it is to 
his exertions and influence the peopfe of this city are mostly indebted 
for the present free delivery system, by which they receive their mail 
matter at their doors. 

A third son, Henry, is engaged in the lumber business in connec- 
tion with his father-in-law, Mr. William H. Jones, anothar old citizen. 

In the death of Mr. Coburn Indianapolis lost one of its best citizens, 
the church one of its most active members, and the poor a sympathiz- 
ing friend. 

"The dead are like the stars by day, 
Withdrawn from mortal eye ; 
But not extinct; they hold their sway 
In glory through the sky." 

GENERAL JOHN COBURN. 

General Coburn was born on East Ohio street in the then village of 
Indianapolis, on the 27th day of October, 1825. He was the son of 
Henry P. and Sarah Coburn who came to Indianapolis in the latter part 
of 1824. 

He was educated at the old County Seminary on University square, 
and at Wabash College, Crawfordsville, where he graduated with signal 
honors in 1846. He was for a time his father's deputy clerk of the 
Supreme Court of the State. He studied law with his father and was 
licensed to practice in 1849. I" March, 1852, he was married to Miss 
Caroline, daughter of the Hon. Charles H. Test. He practiced law in 
this city first as the partner of Hon. Napoleon B. Taylor, and then with 
Governor David Wallace. 

In 1859 he was elected judge of the Common Pleas Court for the 
district composed of the counties of Marion, Hendricks and Boone, and 
served as such until 1861, when he was appointed colonel of the 33d 
Regiment of Indiana Voluteers. He took command at once and went 
into Kentucky and served with the army of the Cumberland. His was 
the first regiment in that army to engage in a battle, which was on the 
2lstof October, 1861. He participated with his regiment in all the 
arduous services in the field, on marches, battles and seiges and was 
once captured with his regiment and for awhile detained in Libby Prison. 

The record of General Coburn and that of his command is without 
reproach. His last service was in the Atlanta campaign ; to him the 
city was surrendered. He commanded a brigade during the most of his 



?54 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



■service in the field, and was breveted a brigadier general for meritorious 
and gallant conduct throughout the war. 

After his return home he again engaged in his profession. In the 
fall of 1 86s he was elected circuit judge of the district composed of 
the counties of Marion, Hendricks and Johnson, and served as such 
-with great credit to himself and satisfaction to the public until August, 
1866, at which time he resigned. In October, 1866, he was elected a 
•member of Congress, and re-elected three times, serving eight years. 
His career as a member of Congress was a most brilliant one. He was 
■considered one of the most laborious members of the House. He was 
chairman of the committee on military affairs, and such was his services 
that he was urged for the place of Secretary of War after the re,signa- 
tion of Secretary Belknap. 

In politics General Coburn was an old fashioned Clay Whig, then 
with the most of that party fell into the Republican party. 

At the beginning of the war, when men were found wavering, he 
was for using the whole power of the nation to suppress treason. He 
■did much by public speeches to arouse the people to a true sense of the 
situation. In the latter part of i860, and early in 1861, our people 
were in favor of temporizing with rebellion, while he remained firm and 
uncompromising. He is a forcible and eloquent writer as well as 
■speaker, and has written much for the press, as well as addressed the 
public on almost all matters of general interest. He has taken much 
interest in local as well as general politics. His standing among his 
•neighbors and citizens is of the most enviable character ; asking for 
himself nor others but what is right, and submitting to nothing wrong 
neither for himself nor others. 

General Coburn takes great pride in the prosperity and progress of 
•his native town, which he has seen grow from an obscure village to a 
large and beautiful city. No one takes a livelier interest in all public 
-improvements or anything that will redound to the interest and growth 
of Indianapolis. He is now practicing law in this city in partnership 
-with his father-in-law, Hon. Charles H. Test, and living upon the street 
•of his birth. 

EBENEZER SHARPE. 

To this worthy old gentleman the writer is indebted for the most of 
•what little education he has got. After the venerable James Blake had 
learned him the A B C's at Sunday school in Caleb Scudder's cabinet 
■shop, Mr. Sharpe learned him to put them and the balance of the alpha- 



EBENEZER SHARPS. 



iSS 



bet together and make the b-a ba's, b-i bi's, b-o bo's and b-u bu's, and 
afterward to spell b-a-k-e-r baker, c-i-d-e-r cider. Although I could spell 
the latter we got none of it, as Mr. Sharpe was by practice, as well as 
precept, a strict temperance man. 

He came from Paris, Bourbon county, Kentucky, to this place in the 
year 1826. Shortly after he came he opened a school in the back part, 
or school-room, of the old Presbyterian church, on the alley that runs 
north and south between Pennsylvania and Circle streets, north of 
Market. Mr. Sharpe was a man of a fine, classical education, and was 
peculiarly adapted by nature and disposition for the profession of a 
teacher, mild and genial in his manners, and believed more in moral 
suasion to gain the respect and obedience of his pupils than he did in 
the rod, although he sometimes made a gentle application of the latter, 
never, however, without prefacing its use with a lecture. 

He owned and carried an old-fashioned repeater gold watch that 
struck the time very musically, by using a spring in the handle ; this 
he was frequently in the habit of sending to his friend, Humphrey Grif- 
fith, to compare the time, or to have it regulated ; by watching the boys 
he selected to carry it he found out they were in the habit of starting it 
to striking as soon as they had reached the outside of the school house 
door. He watched the writer, who was also watching him, and did not 
touch the spring until out of his hearing ; consequently he was always 
after that selected to carry the watch, but was always very careful never 
to touch the spring within a reasonable distance of the school house, but 
enjoyed its musical strains when distant. Mr. Thomas H. Sharpe tells 
me that he still has the watch. 

Among Mr. Sharpe's pupils were Thomas A. and John D. Morris, 
Hugh O'Neal, Thomas D. and Robert L. Walpole. The former has 
risen to distinction in his profession, that of civil engineer; the three 
latter might in theirs, had they paid that attention they should have 
done to the example and precept of their worthy tutor. I doubt whether 
there is a person in the State to-day connected with the cause of educa- 
tion and our general system of free schools, that understands the practi- 
cal part of a teacher, or that of the head of an institution of learning, as 
well as Mr. Sharpe. He was ever diligent at his books ; his studies 
were often carried far into the silent watches of the night. He was one 
of the finest readers I have ever heard — his pronunciation loud, clear 
and distinct ; his emphasis imparted great force to the language. Nor 
can I forget his daily moral and religious instructions to his pupils, by 
10 



I JO SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

which he gained their love and the esteem of their parents. It was evi- 
dent, from the pains he took in the instruction of his scholars, that he 
indulged the hope that their parents would some day reap the reward of 
his honorable labors in the prosperity of their children. 

Often, in the absence of a minister, was he called upon by the con- 
gregation to read a sermon, which he would do, and impart to it quite 
as much interest as though it was original and the first time delivered. 

He was agent of State for the town of Indianapolis for several years 
before his death, and was then succeeded by his son, Thomas H, 
Sharpe, Esq., now one of the prominent bankers of this city. 

When I recur to the scenes in the old school house, where I spent a 
short portion of life's early years, I delight in taking a retrospective 
view of those days when our never-to be-forgotten teacher tried so hard 
to inspire us with the love of knowledge and literature. 

Mr. Sharpe brought with him to this place a large family, but few of 
whom are now living. He died in the fall of 1835, at the age of fifty-six, 

" Pleased with the present, and full of glorious hope." 

His was the largest funeral that had ever been seen in Indianapolis 
at that time. I think there was not a vehicle in the place that was not 
in the procession. 

THOMAS H. SHARPE, 

The oldest surviving son of the worthy gentleman who was the subject 
of the preceding sketch, came to this place with his father a mere boy, 
yet in his teens, but well qualified to assist his father, as he did, in 
training "the young idea how to shoot." 

About 183 1 he engaged with Arthur St. Clair as clerk in the Land 
Office, and had almost entire charge of the immense sales of land in this 
district. It was then his business qualifications were first developed. 

After his father's death he was appointed agent of State for the 
town of Indianapolis, a position previously held by his father. He was 
appointed teller in the branch of the State Bank of Indiana, and after 
the retirement of Judge Morris as its cashier, Mr. Sharpe was appointed 
his successor, and held the place until the affairs of the bank were 
wound up. He then engaged with the late Calvin Fletcher in a private 
bank, and, although Mr. Fletcher is dead, he requested that the busi- 
ness of the bank should be continued by Mr. Sharpe, and without 
change, the same as if he was yet living. This is one of the highest 
encomiums that could be paid to his integrity, worth and merit ; for no 



PHILIP SWEETSER. Ij- 

person knew him so well as Mr. Fletcher. They had been associated 
in business for near twenty years. It is unnecessary to say that he 
now has the entire charge of one of the prominent banks of the city, 
and does quite as large a business as any of them. Mr. Sharpe has 
quite a large family of children. In the person of one of them he has 
brought down to the present time the good name of his father in full, 
and I hope it will be continued to future generations. 

When he first came to this place he was a very active young man, 
and prided himself on his fleetness of foot, and many was the race he 
ran with the young men of the place, and was never beaten. He yet 
steps with an elasticity that leads me to believe he would be hard to 
beat. 

In 1876 he, in connection with Mr. Ingram Fletcher, who repre- 
sents the interest of his father in the banking house of Fletcher & 
Sharpe, built a fine business and banking house on the southwest corner 
of Washington and Pennsylvania streets, which indicates that he has not 
lost any of the energy and enterprise of his youthful days. 

PHILIP SWEETSER 

Was a native of the State of New Hampshire, born in the village of 
Morrow, in the year 1795. He was educated at the same college and 
in the same graduating class with that eminent Massachusetts lawyer, 
Hon. Rufus Choate, and had he lived to the age that gentleman did, I 
have no doubt he would have stood equally high in his profession. 

Mr. Sweetser, for a short time, was a teacher in the academy at 
Charlotte Hall, Maryland, and it was there, in that capacity, he made 
the acquaintance of our townsman. Esquire William Sullivan. From 
the latter place he came to Indiana, and for a short time practiced law 
in Madison, and from thereto Columbus, where he resided many years 
and was one of the most popular and successful lawyers in the Fifth 
Judicial Circuit. While at Columbus he became the law partner of 
General James Noble, at that time a United States Senator, and after- 
wards the father-in-law of Mr. Sweetser. They were the principal law- 
yers in conducting the prosecution against the murderers of the Indian^ 
at the falls of Fall creek, in the year 1824, and it was the opening 
speech in that prosecution, made by Mr. Sweetser, that first attracted 
the attention of the people, and the members of the bar particularly, to 
the Yankee lawyer, although his forte in criminal cases was defense, 
where he was more at home on the side of mercy ; indeed, he was a 



leS SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

man of too noble and generous feelings for a successful prosecutor, and 
he has told me himself that nothing gave him more pain than to prose- 
cute a criminal. 

In the month of June, or July, 1833, the writer happened to be in 
Columbus on the day that a man named Jones was to be hung. A 
large concourse of people had assembled to witness the execution. 
Among them were many friends and neighbors of the man that Jones 
had murdered, all eager to see the law enforced and the unfortunate man 
launched into eternity. It was known that Mr. Sweetser, as the crimi- 
nal's lawyer, had started to Indianapolis (on horseback) only the evening 
before to try to have the execution postponed and the criminal respited, 
in order that he might get the case before the Supreme Court. There 
was great excitement and various threats made against Mr. Sweetser if 
he should be successful. About the last hour he arrived, and had gained 
the respite. Learning of the great excitement and threats against him, 
he caused the people to be collected, when he made a short speech to 
them, which had the desired effect and allayed all bad feelings against 
himself; he convinced the excited people that he had done only what 
his oath, as a lawyer, and fidelity to the interest and life of his client 
required. They found that, amid their own departure from the rules of 
propriety and sober life, he was immovable and determined to do his 
duty, regardless of the consequences to himself. Although Mr. Sweet- 
ser delayed the execution, his client was subsequently hung ; he had 
the satisfaction of knowing that he had done his duty to his client and 
his God. 

As a lawyer and advocate, it was remarked of Mr. Sweetser that he 
never allowed his dignity to be lowered by vulgar or ungentlemanly 
remarks to the opposing counsel or of their clients ; neither did he ever 
use any of the "slang phrases " too common at the present day, but at 
the bar, as in the parlor, was governed by the same rules of propriety 
that stamped him the gentleman. Although a fluent speaker, his main 
strength before a court or jury was found in his strong and convincing 
arguments, which he presented with such force as to readily carry con- 
viction to the minds of his auditors. 

Mr. Sweetser had been a constant attendant of the different courts 
that were held in this city from the time he first came to the State up to 
the time of his death, which occurred in the summer of 1 843. He removed 
his family to Indianapolis in 1837. He has two sons who are among 
our well known citizens ; the eldest, James Noble, who possesses a great 
many of the father's traits of character, and, as a lawyer, considerable 



HON. NATHAN B. PALMER. 



159 



legal ability. Another, George, who is well known to our old as well as 
new citizens. The 3'ounger portion of the family still live with their 
mother, who yet makes her home among the many friends of her 
departed husband. 

HON. NATHAN B. PALMER. 

This venerable old citizen and worthy gentleman was perhaps as gen- 
erally and favorably known throughout the State of Indiana as any per- 
son now living. He has been a citizen of the State half a century, and 
a great portion of the time in active public life. 

No person who was a citizen of the State from 1840 to 1843, can for- 
get the large, bold signature of "N. B. Palmer," affixed to the "State 
scrip " that was authorized by the Legislature to be issued by the Treas- 
urer of State in payment of its indebtedness to contractors on the public 
works. 

The name of N. B. Palmer, if not in the mouth of every citizen in 
the State, was in the pockets of many of them. His signature was 
affixed in the two classes of scrip — the old, dated in 1840, bearing six 
per cent, interest; the new, or green, as it was called, dated 1841, bear- 
ing the fourth of one per cent, interest. These two kinds of scrip 
formed for several years the principal circulating medium of the State as 
a representative of money. 

Mr. Palmer was born in Stonington, Connecticut, on the 27th of 
August, 1790. In his tenth year, 1800, with his mother (his father 
having died), he removed to the State of New York, where he remained 
until 1812, when he, with his family, emigrated to Pennsylvania, hav- 
ing, in the meantime, been married to Miss Chloe Sacket, who died in 
1871, and who had always proved a helpmate worthy of emulation by 
the young ladies of the present day. 

Mrs. Palmer had ever manifested a disposition to take the world as 
she found it, and not try to remodel the order of nature to conform to 
her own peculiar views and personal convenience. Of this the writer 
can speak understandingly, as he was an inmate of her house for one 
year. 

In Pennsylvania, his new home, Mr. Palmer was soon called into 
public life. The few years he resided there he held many offices of trust 
and emolument, all of which he filled with honor to himself, satisfaction 
of the public, and the benefit of the State. 

In the year 18 19 he removed to Indiana, and settled in Jefferson 



l60 SA'ETCffES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

county, where he resided fourteen years and held many offices of impor 
tance ; he was a representative of that county in the Legislature, and 
was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives for the session of 
1833-4. He was a prompt and efficient presiding officer, at all times 
commanding the respect of his associates for his knowledge of parlia- 
mentarj- rules and an impartial application of them to cases that might 
arise. 

At the ensuing session of the Legislature of 1834-5, he was elected 
Treasurer of State, and immediately entered upon its duties, and re- 
moved his family to this place in the spring of 1S35. This position he 
held for several years, and retired from, it without the tongue of vituper- 
ation or slander ever reaching his public acts, which is a verj- uncom- 
mon thing with persons who have charge of large amounts of public 
moneys and their disbursement. 

In 1841, after he had retired from the office of Treasurer of State, he 
was selected by the Legislature to examine the State Bank and the dif- 
ferent branches, and report their financial condition to the next annual 
session of that body. 

He after^vards was canal commissioner, councilman from his ward, 
and held several other minor offices. In 1841 he built the "Palmer 
House," now Occidental Hotel, on the southeast comer of Washington 
and Illinois streets. This house he kept from 1844 to 1851. 
Mr. Palmer died in the spring of 1875. 

DOCTOR GEORGE W. MEARS. 

"A man in many a country town you know 
Professes openly with death to wrestle ; 
Entering the field against the grimly foe, 
Armed with a mortar and a pestle." 



The worthy doctor, whose name heads this sketch, came to Indian- 
apolis in February, 1834, fully armed as above quoted, and entered 
immediately upon the practice of his profession, and has continued it 
up to the present time. 

Dr. Mears was originally from Philadelphia, but was direct from 
Vincennes to this place. At the latter place he had lived a few years, 
and was there married to ^liss Caroline Ewing, a daughter of one of its 
most respected citizens, and a pioneer of the west. The doctor is, at 
this time, the veteran practicing physician of the place, and has, per- 
haps, stood by the sick and dying bedside of as many poor and unpay- 



DOCTOR GEORGE \V. MEARS. l5l 

ing patients as any physician in the State, and with that class of people 
is universally popular, as well as with the wealthy. 

In the doctor's extensive practice if he should, like the " Xew Castle 
Apothecary," have 

" Hurled a few score mortals from the world," 

Like him, too, he has 

"Made amends by bringing others into it." 

He has enjoyed the confidence and respect of the citizens of this 
county and city as a man as well as a physician, and no person stands 
higher in either respect. And in his shop, like that of Dr. Hornbrook's, 
will be found all kinds 

"O' doctors' saws and whettles 
Of a' dimensions, shapes and mettles, 
A' kind o' boxes, mugs and bottles. 

He's sure to hae ; 
Their Latin names as fast he rattles 
As A, B, C. 

When he first came to Indianapolis it was the custom of physicians 
to keep in their shops different kinds of liquors for medicinal purposes. 
One of the "dead beats" of the place gave the doctor considerable 
trouble in that way when he could not procure the article at the gro- 
ceries. One morning he called and told the doctor if he would not let 
him have spirits, that, for God's sake, let him have something that 
would kill him, as he was tired of living at any rate. The doctor told 
him he would give him something, he would think, would kill him before 
he got through with it. He mixed a large dose of tarter emetic with 
some brandy, which the patient swallowed with evident self-satisfaction. 
In the course of an hour or so the doctor was riding near the old grave- 
yard, where he found, or rather heard, him in a corn field, heaving and 
pitching, and calling for help. The doctor informed him that he was in 
no kind of danger, and would certainly be better before he could pos- 
sibly be much worse. 

About that time he quit drinking, and he told us a few days since 
that he had not tasted spirituous liquor for twenty-five years. This man 
I have referred to was in the habit, when under the influence of liquor, 
of calling "all the ends of the earth to come unto him;" if he ever 
should again he will probably not forget the worthy doctor. Although 
the doctor has ever had an extensive pratice, he has never sought to lay 



l62 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

up wealth by oppressing his patients and debtors, and, I have no doubt, 
can show as many unpaid bills upon his books as any physician in the 
city. Unlike the " New Castle Apothecary," his fame has more than 



He, at an early day, built himself a fine mansion on Meridian street, 
•where he yet resides. At the time it was built it was the largest family 
residence in the place, as well as the finest. He owns the largest piece 
of very valuable property of any person in the city, over the quarter of 
a square, in the most fashionable neighborhood. In religion he is an 
Episcopalian, and was prominent in organizing the first congregation of 
that denomination in the city, and yet worships at Christ church, and 
was for years one of its vestrymen. In politics he was an ardent and 
enthusiastic member of that good old national Whig party, now defunct 
and numbered among the dead. He was appointed by the Legislature 
one of the board of trustees to direct the organization and management of 
the Institution for the Education of the Blind, and subsequently to superin- 
tend the application of the fund appropriated by the Legislature for that 
purpose. He was for years president of the Board of Health of the city 
and county, as well as city physician, all of which he filled with entire 
satisfaction to the public and credit to himself. 

Doctor George W. Mears is one of the leading physicians of Indi- 
anapolis, and is, perhaps, oftener called in consultation with his co-work- 
ers in the healing art than any other in the place. Long may he live to 
enjoy his enviable reputation, both as a man and as a physician. 

JAMES W. HILL. 

Mr. Hill was born in Champaign county, Ohio, near Urbana, on the 
29th of August, 1806. In 1826 he came to Indianapolis, and for some 
time remained in the village. In the spring of 1827 he settled in the 
woods five miles northeast of the city, on or near where the Pendleton 
road now is. For some time he kept bachelor's hall — this the writer 
well knows, for he was therewith him for a few days assisting in making 
sugar, and stayed until he thought that the sweetness of the sugar was 
somewhat soured by the amount of labor in procuring it. While there 
Mr. Hill supplied himself with game without much trouble, for deer and 
wild turkeys abounded almost in his cabin yard. 

On the 30th of June, 1829, he returned to his former home and was 



'p^ -^^ 




Jt3nimeriitemBro:viC° Indaanapohslitho^ap'hic LnstmUt, 



JAMES MORRISON. 1 65 

married to Miss Maria Harbour, and brought her to his humble cabin, 
which was but twelve feet square. They traveled from Ohio on horse- 
back. In this cabin they lived happily for three years, then built a 
larger house, and there remained until 1834, and then removed to the 
village of Indianapolis. 

Mr. Hill tells me when he first arrived here he had twelve and a half 
cents, and spent that for apples. He worked out at twenty-five cents 
per day, which was about the highest price paid at that time, and then 
paid in goods or trade. He says when he went on his wedding tour he 
borrowed twenty-five dollars of the late Henry Bradley, and it was four 
years before he could raise the money to pay it, and then sold twenty- 
five head of good cattle for seventy-five dollars in order to get out of 
debt. Mr. Hill's experience in the scarcity of money and the different 
shifts that had to be taken to get along was only that of nearly all the 
first settlers. 

Mr. Hill was the brother of the first wife of the late Calvin Fletcher. 
For several years he was a prosperous farmer near where the southeast 
boundary of the corporation now is. He has retired from business and 
now resides in the city. He has two daughters married and living in 
the city ; one is the wife of William Spotts, the commission merchant, 
and the other of a Mr. Phipps. 

If Mr. Hill did have to work at twenty-five cents per day, sell twenty- 
five -head of cattle for seventy-five dollars to pay wedding expenses and 
live in a twelve by twelve cabin, he has lived to find himself independ- 
ent in a financial point of view. I often meet him in our streets, and it 
never fails to bring to my mind the time I deserted his sugar camp — at 
this writing just fifty years ago. 

JAMES MORRISON. 

It is when I attempt to write a fitting tribute to the memory of such 
a man as Judge Morrison, that I feel the magnitude of the task I have 
undertaken, and my incompetency to hand down to posterity and future 
generations, that they may have a proper appreciation of his great legal 
ability, and his many moral and social virtues. 

My acquaintance with Judge Morrison began when I was a boy, and 
before he had reached the noonday of life. Forty-five years ago I was 
often his fishing companion upon the banks of White river and Fall 
creek, he angling for the fine black bass with which those streams 
abounded at that time, and I for the tiny minnow he used for bait. 



1 66 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

He was a great smoker, and carried a tinder-box for the purpose of 
lightning his cigars (this was before such a thing as locofoco matches 
was thought of). I have often been attracted to his place of conceal- 
ment on the banks of these streams by the clatter of his tinder-box, or 
the curling smoke from his fragrant Havana, rising above the bushes. 
This was when the vanities or sorry conceits of the world were strangers 
to me, and when my youthful spirit had known but little of the evils of 
this inconstant world. It was upon the banks of these streams that I 
learned much of the true dignity of character he possessed, and before 
either of us thought that we would ever bear the relationship of attor- 
ney and client to each other, which we did for years afterwards. 

Although my hair is now silvered o'er, and my brow bears the 
marks of time, I have not outlived the memory of those happy days in 
the early history of this city; the days of so much enjoyment that I 
passed when a boy, and the reflection of whose pleasures lingers with 
me yet. 

In the Indianapolis Journal of the 22d of March, 1869, I find the 
following announcement of his demise: 

"The early settlers of the State, and the founders of our city, are 
dropping off in such close succession that we are warned of the near 
approach of the time when all shall have passed away, and the birth of 
Indianapolis have ceased to be a memory to any, and faded into history. 
Since the beginning of the year two have left us, and in the last decade 
they far outnumber the years. We can not think but with profound 
sorrow of the inevitable hours when all the names so long identified 
with our prosperity and honored as the links that still bind the present 
to the past, have ceased to speak a living presence, and to offer a living 
example of beauty, of goodness, and a well spent life. 

"Among all that have left such sad vacancies, no one has filled a 
more prominent place than the Hon. James Morrison ; though for some 
years his failing strength and feeble health have secluded him from 
active life, his presence has been felt, his existence has been an influ- 
ence, and his death is not so much the end of a flickering light as the 
extinguishment of a gleam that leaves darkness in its place. He died 
on Saturday evening, the 20th inst., of pneumonia, after an illness of 
several days." 

From the Indianapolis Sentinel, of the same date, I copy as follows : 

"Judge Morrison was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, the birthplace of 
Robert Burns, in the year 1796. His parents came to this country 
when he was quite young, and settled at Bath, in western New York. 



JAMES MORRISON. ig-, 

He studied his profession with Judge WiUiam B. Rochester, a distin- 
guished jurist of that State, and when admitted to the bar he emigrated 
to Indiana and located in Charlestown, Clarke county, where he prac- 
ticed law for many years with the late Judge Dewey, who was one of 
the truly great men of the nation. He remained in Charlestown about 
ten years, and a gentleman who knew him during his residence there, 
says his devotion to his family (he was the oldest son ) was most remark- 
able, and that he was their main reliance. 

"In the winter of 1828-29, ^e was elected Secretary of State by the 
Legislature, and removed to this city, then a town of i, 100 inhabitants, 
January i, 1829. Subsequently he filled the office of judge of this 
judicial circuit, president of the State Bank for ten years, succeeding 
Samuel Merrill, Esq., Attorney General, the first to fill that office, and 
other trusts of less importance. So high an appreciation had the mem- 
bers of the bar for his qualifications for the judgeship, that they pre- 
sented him with five hundred dollars to induce him to take it. Of the 
Clarke county bar he leaves but two survivors, we believe, Judge 
Thompson, now in the city, and Judge Naylor, of Crawfordsville. Of 
the Indianapolis bar of 1829, the year he became connected with it, he 
was, as we recollect, the last, not one now left. Harvey Gregg, William 
Quarles, Hiram Brown, Henry P. Coburn, B. F. Morris, Andrew 
Ingram, Samuel Merrill, Calvin Fletcher and William W. Wick, who 
were his associates then, all passed away before he was called to his 
final rest. As we call the familiar names of those so prominent in the 
early history of the bar of Indianapolis, the convulsive throbs of many 
hearts will attest their worth and the appreciation with which their mem- 
ories are still cherished. Yet the sadness with which we recur to the 
ties of early associations, and the early friendship of the past thus sev- 
ered, will give place to the cheering thought that those endearing ties 
will he renewed, refined and strengthened in the new life upon which 
they have already entered. 

"Judge Morrison was also identified with the history of the church 
in this city ; he was one of the first class that was confirmed here about 
thirty years ago, and the rite was administered by the now venerable 
Bishop Kemper, of Wisconsin, who was then Missionary Bishop of the 
northwest. For twenty-five years he was Senior Warden of Christ 
Church, in this city, and since the organization of St. Paul's Church he 
has filled the same office in that parish. He was educated a Presby- 
terian, but became a Churchman after thorough investigation, and re- 
mained so with steadfastness through life. 



l68 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

"Judge Morrison was a man of decided convictions, strong preju- 
dices, with fixed habits that only physical inability could change or 
overcome. He had opinions upon all subjects and questions to which 
his attention was directed, and, as would be expected from his peculiar 
mental organization, they were always positive even to ultraism. He 
was thoroughly a lawyer. His eminent talents and active mind were 
peculiarly adapted to the profession in which he attained such high rep- 
utation, only yielding active participation in it when compelled to sur- 
render to the great enemy of man. He was learned and profound, and 
had thoroughly mastered the science of law. 

"As a husband and father Judge ^Morrison was affectionate, devoted 
and indulgent, and he leaves a wife, sons and daughters who will, 
through life, cherish the memory of his many virtues and unfailing affec- 
tion and kindness." 

I can not add more than I have said in the beginning of this sketch, 
and what is said in these extracts from the Journal and Sentinel, anounc- 
ing his death. 

''Friend Ifter friend departs; 
Who hath not lost a friend ? 
There is no union hei'e of hearts 
That finds not here an end." 

WILLIAM H. MORRISON, 

The younger and only survivor of three brothers so prominent in the 
early history of this city, was born in the city of New York. When a 
boy he came with his elder brother, the late Judge James Morrison 
(who was the subject of the preceding sketch), to Charlestown, Indiana, 
where he remained until his brother's election as Secretary of State and 
removal to this place in the year 1829. He was then quite young and 
a single man, and has remained a citizen since that time. 

His first business, after acting for some time as his brother's clerk in 
the office of Secretary of State, was that of merchandizing in connection 
with John G. Brown, then one of our prominent and wealthy citizens. 
Their house of business was on the northwest corner of Washington 
and Pennsylvania streets, where for several years he was a successful 
and popular merchant, enjoying the confidence of all who knew him. 
During this time he was a stockholder in and director of the branch of 
the State Bank of Indiana in this city. 

He possesses many of the fine traits of character so conspicuous in 
his brother, Judge Morrison. Warm and devoted in his friendship ; and 



MAJOR ALEXANDER F. MORRISON. I go 

when the citadel of his heart is once gained and possessed by a friend, 
no effort of enemies can change it. He is also strong in his prejudices; 
but if he finds himself in the wrong he is quick to make the amende 
honorable, and set himself aright. He never suffers selfish or groveling 
feelings to mar the cordiality of affection or interfere with motives so 
upright and honorable. 

Like his brother, he has contributed liberally, and without stint, of 
his means for the erection of churches of all denominations, and especi- 
ally for the construction of those two beautiful temples of worship, 
Christ's and St. Paul's Episcopal churches. I understand his house has 
been the home and stopping place for ministers for several years. 

Mr. Morrison has also contributed to the growth and prosperity of 
the city by the erection of a fine residence on Circle street. He also 
built that splendid business house on the northeast corner of Maryland 
and Meridian streets, known as " Morrison's Opera House," at a cost of 
;^65,ooo; but this fine building was doomed to destruction, and it was 
entirely destroyed by fire on the evening of January 17th, 1870, taking 
fire about 9 o'clock, and while John B. Gough was lecturing to a large 
and fashionable audience within its walls. 

The smoke had scarcely disappeared from the smouldering debris 
before he had, with his accustomed energy, contracted for the rebuild- 
ing on the same site another fine business house, which in due time was 
finished and occupied by wholesale establishments. 

Mr. Morrison is now and has for several years been president of the 
Indiana Banking Company. Although seven years have passed and 
gone since I wrote of him in a previous work, he is as assiduous to bus- 
iness as at that time. Duty has ever been the life spring of his actions, 
and all who are acquainted with him will bear evidence of his unwaver- 
ing qualities of mind. 

Time has made but little inroad upon Mr. Morrison's personal ap- 
pearance for several years. 

MAJOR ALEXANDER F. MORRISON, 

The brother of Judge and William H. Morrison, was born in New York 
city, but with his brothers came to Charlestown, Indiana, in the year 
1818. He there learned the printing business. In the Legislature that 
convened on the first Monday of December, 1830, he represented Clarke 
county, and while here made arrangements to commence, in the spring, 
the publication of a weekly paper, to be called the Indiana Democrat. 



[70 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



In accordance with this arrangement Mr. Morrison, with his family, 
removed to this place early in the spring of 183 1. 

The Democrat was started in the interest of and supported General 
Jackson for re-election to the Presidency. Mr. Morrison was a ready 
political writer, and made the Democrat a spicy paper. Its editorials 
would compare favorably with those of the city papers of the present 
day. He was very bitter toward his opponents, and his articles some- 
times read as though he had dipped his pen in gall. 

He was engaged from time to time in various kinds of business here 
during his life. He was one of the "bloody three hundred" that in 
1832 went out to meet Black Hawk, but all returned without any other 
than their own scalps. During the Mexican war he was a quartermaster 
in the army, and it was while there his already feeble constitution was 
greatly impaired. I do not think he ever experienced a well day after 
his return. His eyes, that were naturally weak, vvere almost entirely 
destroyed. 

Mr. Morrison was a very kind, generous-hearted man to his friends, 
but very bitter to his enemies, or those he had reason to believe were 
such. In his social relations and intercourse with his neighbors, he was 
deservedly popular, and a very hospitable man. As a husband and 
father, he was devoted and indulgent, anticipating every want of his 
family. 

Major Morrison died in December, 1857, at the age of fifty-four 
years. Mrs. Morrison has now been dead about three years. They 
leave two sons, William Alec, who is well known as a disciple of Ike 
Walton, and CharHe, who is a jeweler. The daughters are Mrs. John 
W. Murphy and Mrs. Sellers. 

VALENTINE C. HANNA. 

Colonel was the eldest child of General Robert Hanna ; he was born 
in Franklin county, Indiana, on the 8th of November, 18 13, and with 
the family of his father removed to Indianapolis in September, 1825. 
He received his education mostly in the private school of Ebenezer 
Sharpe. 

He assisted in the survey of the western portion of the National 
road in 1838; on his return engaged in the dry goods business and 
continued at it for about two years. He then, in partnership with the 
late P. B. L. Smith, engaged in a general country business, trading in 
nearly every kind of merchandise and country produce. 



JOHN S. SPAN N. 171 

Colonel Hanna was a member of the first fire company organized in 
Indianapolis in the year 1835. He was also a member of the military 
company known as the Marion Guards. He was sheriff of the Supreme 
Court when that court was presided over by Judges Blackford, Stevens 
and McKinney. During the legislative session of 1837-38 he was en- 
rolling secretary of the Senate. He was for several years one of the 
vestrymen of Christ Church. 

He was married by the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher on the 5th of 
November, 1840, to Mary Frances, eldest daughter of the late Justin 
Smith. Mrs. Hanna and her sister, in connection with Mrs. Dr. Mears, 
Mrs. William H. Morrison, Mrs. Jacob Cox, Mrs. Jacob McChesney 
and other ladies, got up the first church fair in Indianapohs, in 1838, 
by which three hundred dollars were realized. 

During the rebellion he was appointed and commissioned a paymas- 
ter, with the rank of major, and served until the close of the war ; he 
was then re-appointed to the same position in the regular army, with 
the rank of colonel, and assigned for duty in the department of Mis- 
souri, with headquarters at Fort Leavenworth ; thence he was transferred 
to the department of the Platte, headquarters at Omaha. He was then 
transferred to the department of Dakota, with headquarters at Helena, 
Montana, where he remained two and a half years, then to the depart- 
ment of the Lakes, stationed at Detroit, then again to Chicago, at the 
headquarters of General Sheridan ; from Chicago to Sante Fe, New 
Mexico. The labor and hardships through which Colonel Hanna had 
to pass in the line of his duty since he belonged to the regular army 
caused physical disability which made it necessary to retire him from 
active service; he now resides at Detroit, Michigan. 

He has three children, all daughters. Maria L., the eldest, is the 
wife of William Wilson, Esq., of Washington City; the second, Julia, 
is the wife of Mr. Edward Williams, of Detroit ; the third, Sada, is sin- 
gle and lives under the parental roof 

JOHN S. SPANN 

Was born in Jennings county, Indiana, on the 3d of May, 1823, and 
there received a fair English education. In 1839 he came to Indian- 
apolis and immediately engaged to learn the printing business. He was 
for several years connected with the leading press of the city. 

Mr. Spann, being a good practical printer, and thoroughly under- 
standing the whole minutia of a printing office, rendered him a very de- 



172 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

sirable partner in conducting a newspaper. In November, 1846, he be- 
came a partner in the State Sentinel, the firm being Chapman & Spann. 
On the 4th of September, 1850, E. W. H. EUis and John S. Spann 
commenced the publication of a weekly Democratic paper from the old 
office of the Sentinel, known as the Indiana Statesman. In September, 
1852, the Statesman was merged with the Sentinel. On the 4th of De- 
cember, 1855, Mr. Spann and John B. Norman purchased the Sentinel, 
but sold again on the 24th of January, 1856; by this time it will be seen 
that Mr. Spann has had considerable newspaper experience. 

On the 2d of June, 1847, Mr. Spann was married to Miss Hester A. 
Sharpe, daughter of the late Ebenezer Sharpe, and sister to Thomas H. 
Sharpe, Esq. 

In 1862 he began the real estate business, since which time he has 
been actively engaged in it. He has laid out several additions to the 
city, and has, perhaps, done as large a real estate business as any person 
of the city. A great portion of his business has been on his own ac- 
count, and while others have seemingly done a large business, and have 
fallen by the way-side, he has stood firm and unwavering. 

Mr. Spann is a member of the Second Presbyterian church, and one 
of the ruling elders. This church, it will be remembered, was organ- 
ized by the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher in 1838, with about fifteen mem- 
bers who had been dismissed from the old and first church in conse- 
quence of some disagreement with the general assembly. It is now 
one of the largest in the city in point of numbers, with a magnificent 
stone temple of worship, situated on the corner of Pennsylvania and 
Vermont streets. 

WILLIAM H. McCLINTOCK. 

The father of the subject of this sketch, Thomas McClintock, was 
born in Nicholas county, Kentucky, in the month of January, 1787. 
His mother, whose maiden name was Rebecca Holliday, was born Sep- 
tember 2 1st, 1 79 1, in Harrison county, Kentucky. They were married 
May, 1 8 12. 

Thomas, immediately after his marriage, commenced to keep house 
in the house in which he was born. This house was built by the father 
of Thomas, and was one of the first hewed log houses built in this 
county. As was necessary in those days, it was furnished with port- 
holes for defense. The windows were grated with iron bars to keep out 
the Indians, and they were the size of four eight-by-ten glass. This 
house was the birthplace of William as well as of his father. A sugar- 



WILLIAM H. McCLINTOCK. 



173 



trough was the only cradle used by the pioneer mother in those days to 
rock the babies in. 

Thomas removed to Indianapolis in November, 1820, and lived in a 
log house in town until the loth of March following, when he moved to 
another situated on what is now the southeast corner of Central avenue 
and Eighth street, remaining here until the next March, when he moved 
to his own land, in Center township, three miles north of the city. 

William was sixteen years old when his father came to Indianapolis, 
with whom he remained and helped to clear and improve his farm, and 
also his neighbors to roll their logs and eat their " chicken pot-pies" and 
" nettle greens." 

The only occupation which presented itself to the mind of Mr. 
McClintock, of a business character, aside from the regular occupation 
of a pioneer, was the manufacture of refined ginseng. In this business 
he embarked in 1 830. He entered into the employ of the firm of Nich- 
olas McCarty, Sen., David Williams, Sen., and John Blake, who estab- 
lished their " 'seng factory" about this time. Some time during the 
■second year of his employment with the above firm, the hands who were 
working in the brickyard of Mr. McCarty were nearly all sick, and Ja- 
cob Turner, the moulder and foreman of the brickyard, requested him 
to keep up the fires over Sunday, which he did, and for which he prom- 
ised to give him an order to the store of Mr. McCarty for a dollar. On 
Monday morning, when he called for his order, Mr. Turner threatened 
to report him to the elders of the Presbyterian church (of which he was 
a member), if he should work for wages on the Sabbath. This fright- 
ened young McClintock very much, and he did not get his dollar for a 
month. 

In 1836 he went to Anderson town and started a ginseng factory for 
Mr. Williams, one of the above firm. In this he acted as foreman, and 
for which as wages for himself and horse, he received his board, horse 
feed, and eighteen dollars per month. He frequently had hundreds of 
dollars in his possession belonging to his employer, Mr. Williams, which 
he invested in stock, that is dried ginseng, procured at the little village 
stores, visited by him regularly every two weeks. The dried roots 
were brought then by the settlers and exchanged for groceries of vari- 
ous kinds, dry goods and whisky. His route lay from Anderson town, 
Cicero and Muncie towns, and all the intermediate villages, back to the 
factory, where he collected in the stock. 

Much of this refined ginseng was exported to foreign countries, some 



174 



i>K' ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



of which were heathen, and the natives burned it on their altars before 
their imaginary wooden gods, and some of it they used in the manu- 
facture of medicine. 

In 1837 he was called home to the sick-bed of his father, and after 
his death he remained at home to take charge of the farm for his 
mother. He was married January 7, 1843, to Miss Sarah A. Matlocks, 
of Union county, Indiana, with whom he has lived in perfect peace and 
happiness. The fruits of this marriage were three sons; the oldest, T. 
A. McClintock, is a farmer, lives three miles north of the city; the sec- 
ond son, E. A. McClintock, is also a farmer, and lives in Santa Clara 
county, California; W. D. McClintock is a physician, and lives in 
Knightsville, Clay county, Indiana. All three of the sons are worthy 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

He joined the Presbyterian church in Kentucky when fourteen 
years of age. Samuel Taylor was then pastor. When he came to 
Indianapolis he brought a letter from Mr. Taylor's church, and joined 
Dr. Coe's church. John R. Morland was then pastor. He remained a 
member of the Presbyterian church till 1857 ; he then became a member 
of the Sugar Grove Methodist Episcopal church, of which he is still a 
member. He never was sued, never had a fight, or paid a fine in his 
life.' He remained on his farm on Fall creek until April, 1873, when he 
bought property, and now resides at No. 87 Peru street, Indianapolis. 

REV. JOHN A. BROUSE 

Was born in Hillsboro, Ohio, on the 29th of March, 1808. Was edu- 
cated in the academy of his native town. He came to Indianapolis in 
October, 1832. Joined the Indiana Conference of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church in 1833, and appointed to the Crawfordsville circuit, where 
he remained one year. In 1834 to the Greencastle circuit, where he 
also remained one year. In 1835 to the Princeton circuit, embracing 
four county seats, Princeton, Evansville, Mt. Vernon and Petersburg. 
In 1836 stationed at Logansport. In 1837 at Terre Haute. In 1838 
he was agent for the State of Indiana for the Asbury University. In 
1839 stationed at Lafayette. The same year was married to Miss Mary 
E. Downey, of New Albany. After this he filled various stations, 
such as Greensburg, Charlestown and Utica, and then twelve years as 
presiding elder in the Lawrenceburg, Jeffersonville and Indianapolis 
districts of the Southeastern Indiana Conference, with which he now 
sustains a superannuated relation, but lives in Chicago, Illinois. 



COLONEL JOHN W. RAY. 1 75 

Mr. Brouse served his conference two years as secretary and treas- 
urer in its incorporated capacity, entrusted with its finances. One year 
he served on Governor Morton's staff, as secretary of State colonization, 
and two years as chaplain in the army, and marched with General Sher- 
man to the sea. 

From this it will be seen that Mr. Brouse has wprked extensively in 
the gospel field, and filled many important positions of the church. 
The places and towns he has been called by the people to preach is a 
high testimonial of his ability as a minister and worth as a man. We 
have known Mr. Brouse for over forty years and can speak understand- 
ingly of him. Although verging on the time generally allotted to man, 
he seems yet to be in full vigor and strength of manhood. 

DAVID JOHNSON, SENIOR, 

Was a native of New Jersey, and with his family removed to Ohio in 
1814; he there lived until the fall of 1821, then came to Marion county 
and settled on a piece of land three miles east of the original town plat. 
Mr. Johnson had a large family of children, six sons, William, Isaac, 
Theodore, Lawrence, David and Samuel — all are dead except the eldest 
and younger, William and Samuel. The daughters were Mary Ann, 
who is the wife of Charles Robinson ; Sarah was the wife of Nicholas 
Robinson ; Eliza was the wife of James Hanna ; the latter two have been 
dead some years. 

David Johnson died in 1832. The homestead is now owned by his 
son Samuel, and is one of the finest farms in the county. The rapid 
growth of Indianapolis has brought this farm within one mile of the 
corporation line. Samuel Johnson was married in 1848 to Miss Eliza- 
beth Jane Johnson, by whom he has two children, both sons, one of whom 
is a physician, the other a farmer. Mr. Johnson was born on the farm 
on which he now lives, on the 15th of September, 1822, and has lived 
to see the land for which his father paid one dollar and twenty-five cents 
per acre worth over five hundred dollars per acre. 

COLONEL JOHN W. RAY 

Was born at Madison, Indiana, on the 15th of August, 1828. His 
father. Rev. Edwin Ray, died when John was but three years old. The 
most of his primary education he received in the common schools of 
Jefferson ville. In September, 1845, he entered Asbury University, at 



1^6 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

Greencastle, as a student, remaining there until July, 1848, at which 
time he graduated. Iii April, 1849, he commenced the study of law 
with the late Richard H. Rousseau at Bloomfield, Indiana, and remained 
until he completed the study of his profession. During his collegiate 
course he formed the acquaintance of Miss Catherine N. Phipps, daugh- 
ter of Isaac N. Phipps, who was one of the early friends of his father; 
the friendship between him and Miss Phipps ripened into a matrimonial 
engagement, which was consummated in February, 185 i. By this wife 
he had two daughters, one of whom is the wife of Edward Porter, the 
other is the wife of H. C. Newcomb, Jun. Mr. Ray's wife died in 
October, 1865. On the 6th of December, 1866, he was married to 
Eleanor L. McDonald, daughter of the late Judge David McDonald of 
the United States Court. 

In i860 he was chosen Republican elector for the Second Congres- 
sional District, and cast the vote of the district for Abraham Lincoln, 
sometimes canvassing on foot. He was colonel of the 49th regiment 
of Indiana volunteers, from October, 1861, to October, 1862. It was 
at the organization of this regiment that Colonel Ray manifested his 
great dislike to anything being done under false pretenses, or for empty 
show. He had purchased for himself a sword; some of the officers of 
the regiment wished to have a formal presentation of it to him, which 
was very common at that time. This empty honor he declined, inasmuch 
as he had purchased the sword himself ; all the honor he claimed was 
its use in behalf of his country. 

He was pension agent for the Indianapolis district from January, 
1865, to December, 1866. He was appointed register in bankruptcy 
for the Indianapolis district in June, 1867, which office he j-et holds. 

In November, 1871, he aided in organizing the Indianapolis Savings 
Bank, and was elected treasurer and secretary of the institution. He 
has also been treasurer of the Asbury University since July, 1867. 
Colonel Ray is a man of untiring industry and activity, and whatsoever 
his hand fmdeth to do he does with all his might, whether it be in the 
cause of morality, religion or temperance, in all of which he is an earn- 
est worker. He is above medium size, rather inclined to be fleshy 
without corpulency, dark chestnut hair, round, full and smooth features, 
plain and frank in manner though courteous. 

MILTON MORRIS LANDIS. 

Mr. Landis was born in Indianapolis, on the 12th of April, 1830. 
He is thp only living son of the late Jacob Landis. 



ADAM HAUGH. 



177 



He received the most of his education in the old County Seminary, 
situated on what is now known as University Square. During vacation 
he engaged in purchasing live stock for his father. For several years 
he was clerk for Blythe & Holland. He was engaged in the office of 
the Terre Haute and Richmond railroad for thirteen years, and during 
the war worked day and night forwarding munitions of war and provis- 
ions to the army. He was then the local agent for this city of the New 
York Central railroad. He then became general agent of the White 
Line, which was the largest and most successful line that passed through 
Indianapolis. He was for some time connected with the late John M. 
Caldwell, in the wholesale grocery business, at the southwest corner of 
Meridian and Maryland streets. When Mr. Caldwell retired from busi- 
ness, the firm continued as Landis, O'Conner & Co. This is one of the 
largest as well as most successful wholesale grocery establishments in the 
city. 

Mr. Landis was married several years since to Miss Virginia, daugh- 
ter of Captain J. H. Oglesby, well known as one of the most popular 
steamboat captains on the western waters. Captain Oglesby has suc- 
cessfully navigated the Mississippi from the Balize, below New Orleans, 
as far up it as was possible for a steamer to ascend ; also the Missouri 
river (as he says) until the boat began to climb the Rocky Mountains. 

Mr. Landis, from boyhood, has been considered as possessing fine 
business qualifications, coupled with energy and industry, which has 
been the cause of more than ordinary success. 

Mr. Landis was named for the second son of the late Morris Morris, 
and brother of General Thomas A. Morris, the families being connected 
by marriage. 

ADAM HAUGH. 

We clip from the Indianapolis Journal of the i6th of August, 1869, 
this sketch of the life and of the funeral sermon of this venerable man : 

"The Journal of Saturday last contained a notice of the death of 
Adam Haugh, an old resident of this city, which occurred on the day 
previous. Mr. Haugh was born February 9, 1789, in Frederick county, 
Maryland, and was married September 28, 18 13, to Mary E. Reck, sis- 
ter of the Rev. A. Reck, who organized the first Lutheran church in this 
city. He emigrated to this city in the fall of 1S36, arriving here Novem- 
ber 19th. At this time the city had a population of 3,000. For two 
years he was engaged in blacksmithing, in partnership with John Van 
Blaricum, and then built a shop on the site of the old Journal building, 



178 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



corner of Circle and Meridian streets. He had a remarkable constitu- 
tion — was never confined to his bed but one day in his life until his late 
illness. Raised a family of ten children — five boys and five girls. 
There have been but two deaths in the family. A son, Adam Haugh, 
Jun., died in July, 1850, at the age of twenty-four years, being the first 
death in thirty-seven years, and now the subject of this sketch, being 
the second death in fifty-six years. The balance of the family are all 
here at present. 

"His disease was cancer on the face, from which he suffered most 
intensely, but with the greatest patience and resignation. His life has 
been that of an honest, truthful, upright man, and humble, faithful, 
zealous Christian. His wife survives him, but can not, at her advanced 
age, expect to remain very long on this side of the dark valley. 

" The funeral services took place at the Second Presbyterian church 
at half past three o'clock, yesterday afternoon, the audience in attend- 
ance being a very large one. The opening prayer, which was a touch- 
ing and appropriate one, was made by Rev. William W. Criley, of the 
English Lutheran church. The sermon was delivered by Rev. C. H. 
Marshall, of the Fourth Presbyterian church, of which the deceased was 
a member, the text being from Job, 5, 26, ' Thou shalt come to thy 
grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in full season." 

"In commencing he said, 'Death claims all seasons for his own, and claims for his 
harvest persons of all ages. The infant in its helplessness and budding beauty, youth in 
the time of its most lofty hopes and anticipations, middle age with its strength and its 
usefulness, all are liable to be gathered by the reaper, while we tenderly and gently lay 
away the man of age for his eternal rest. The grave opens to receive all. But here we 
read what seems to be a promise or a privilege which is granted to comparatively few. 
The analogy of the text is a beautiful one. Like the ripening wheat, our bodily powers 
increase for a season, and we steadily gain in strength and power until we reach a time 
when we gain no longer, and gradually pass to the stage of ripeness, and if this season is 
given to a man it is a great privilege. So it is with our mental powers. By and by we 
come to a time when we can go no further with our imagination or reason. We cease to 
acquire, and live in the knowledge of the past. So, also, with our spiritual powers. In 
early infancy we lie in our mother's arms weak and feeble ; and again when we are born 
into a Christian life we lie in the arms of Infinite Love, waiting for the growth of the 
seeds of spiritual truth, which fall into the soul and go on until full maturity of Christian 
character is reached. To him nothing seems more beautiful than rich, ripe, and full 
Christian old age. It is more beautiful than the autumn leaves, or than any other object 
in nature. 

"We are called to-day to follow to its last resting place the body of one who has 
passed through the full period allotted to man. Death comes as a shock at any other 
period of life. It is a great hardship to give up the little child upon whom we have placed 
our hopes. To the man in middle life, in the very time of his greatest usefulness, and 
when many are dependent upon his strength, the blow comes still harder. It seems like 



ADAM HAUGH. 



179 



taking the keystone from the arch, leaving it without the strength to support it. To the 
young man, just coming upon the stage of usefulness, and when hopes and aspirations are 
highest, death seems very sad. We find in our grave-yards emblems of these events, and 
■when we see the little lamb or the broken bud on our tombstones, we can not feel other- 
wise than sad and sorrowful. And so, too, with the broken column, emblem of man cut 
off in the midst of his usefulness and strength. But, for old age, we should have some 
symbol of beautiful perfection, such as the tree in its strength or the column complete, for 
of all beautiful things ripe old age is the most so. The work of life has been done, not 
only in the household, but in society and in the church. Theirs can not be a history 
broken off in the middle. It is not like fragmentary form, of which we can read a few 
stanzas only to regret there is no more. It is a finished work. 

"A long life is beautiful because of the opportunity it gives of usefulness, and the 
£reat influence which may be exerted by it. Here is one who has been for more than 
fifty years a follower of Christ. His life has not been a striking or brilliant one, but dur- 
ing all this time, as day has followed day and year has followed year, the influence of this 
Christian life has been felt, and the whole sum is wonderful. We may not see the whole 
result of this influence, but God notes it all, and it will be felt for many years to come. 
To you, as you noticed his last suffering, with all his peaceful submission, came up afresh 
all the intercourse of your lives with him, and the recollection of the times when you sat 
on his knee and listened to his counsel. When we fall in middle age we can have had no 
chance to exert an influence so perfect and complete. 

" It is said by some that death in childhood is beautiful — when the infant is taken 
from all the trials and difficulties of a long life in this world ; but to me it does not seem 
so. Some may think it beautiful to be stricken down in the harness, in the very midst of 
activity and usefulness ; but to me there is nothing more beautiful than old age, after a life 
of usefulness and good influence, sitting quietly down and waiting for the Master to open 
the door and bid them 'come.' It is a blessed thing, at whatever time of life it may 
■come, to find one looking back over well-spent days and ready alike for active usefulness, 
if the time for that has not passed, or for the summons of the Master if the time for the 
leaper has come. 

" The scriptures liken the perfect Christian growth to that of the palm tree. At first 
it is weak and feeble, but in time it becomes a stately tree, while from year to year the 
leaves and projections of the early growth, representing sin and deformity, drop off as the 
love of Christ is strengthened, and in time it stands the perfect trunk, with its perfect crest 
of beautiful leaves. 

" Death at old age, as in this case, reminds us of our gratitude to God. I remember, 
at an early period of my ministry here, I was called upon to attend a golden wedding, the 
first one occurring in my congregation. These children of the old couple will all remem- 
ber that fiftieth anniversary of their parents' marriage. I remember a large picture that 
was presented to them, containing portraits of all their children and their grandchildren. 
There was but one space left vacant, and I remember asking who it was for. The answer 
was, that it was left vacant in memory of one who had died in early life. And this was 
the only link in the long chain that was missing. How many families of our community 
have such cause for thankfulness that their home ties have not been broken. Very many 
there are who have never known a mother's love or father's guidance. In this case, the 
father lived to see his children come to the strength of manhood and womanhood. It 
was his privilege to welcome home, but a short time before his death, one who had come 
from a distant shore, and around his bed all were gathered before he breathed his last." 

Mr. Haugh has four sons engaged in business in this city, Benjamin 



l8o SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

F., Emanuel, Joseph R. and John A. They started in a small way on 
North Delaware street, have several times removed to accommodate 
their increasing business, until now they have a large establishment west 
of the river in what is known as Haughsville. They devote their atten- 
tion to architectural iron work, and many business houses of this and 
other cities attest the quality and elegance of their work. They were 
the contractors for the iron work of the new Court House, which will 
stand as a monument of their skill when the present generation have 
passed away. 

Mr. Haugh's daughters, I believe, all reside in this city. His sons 
are universally respected for their strict integrity, temperate and indus- 
trious habits and gentlemanly bearing, and are worthy sons of Christian 
parents. 

SAMUEL H. PATTERSON. 

Mr. Patterson was born in Sumner county, Tennessee, on the gth of 
March, 1806. When quite young he came to Indiana a manufacturer 
of the cases and vender of those old-fashioned clocks commonly called 
"wall-sweepers," from the fact that they reached from the floor to the 
ceiling of an ordinary room. 

He first located near Paoli, Orange county, thence to the vicinity of 
Indianapolis, in 1829, and made his headquarters at the house of the 
widow Smock, two miles south of town, on the Madison State road ; 
from the latter place his peddlers were traveling in all directions, selling 
his clocks at from thirty to fifty dollars, taking notes for the same at 
twelve months' time. He finally purchased the clocks of Seth Thomas' 
manufacture, and sold throughout the country for a year or so, or until 
he was married, which took place on the 19th of February, 1832. 

In the spring of the year 1833, he, in connection with James Beard 
(one of his former peddlers), commenced in this city the wholesale gro- 
cery and liquor business — the first wholesale establishment of any kind 
in Indianapolis ; this they continued but a short time, as the town and 
country would not support such an establishment. 

In May, 1836, in connection with Benjamin Hensley, of Frankfort, 
Kentucky, leased the Indiana State Prison, at about three thousand dol- 
lars per year. This did not prove very lucrative, as there were only 
about sixty convicts in it at that time. 

In June, 1841, they were superseded as lessees of the prison by Jo- 
seph R. Pratt and John McDougall ; the intervening time, between 1841 
and 1846, Mr. Patterson spent^in farming and trading. 



SAMUEL H. PATTERSON. igj 

The session of the Legislature of 1845-46 was Democratic by a small 
majority. Pratt, then the lessee, and Simon Bottorff, of Jeffersonville,. 
another Democrat, procured the passage of a bill through the Legisla- 
ture leasing the State Prison at eight thousand dollars per year for a 
term of ten years, having the bill framed to suit themselves, the lessee 
to be elected by the Legislature, not dreaming of, or fearing, opposition 
in the election. Mr. Patterson had .spent the winter in Indianapolis, 
seemingly taking but little interest in what was going on, occasionally- 
entertaining his friends with a champagne party or an oyster supper. 
The election for lessee came off a few evenings before the final adjourn- 
ment of the Legislature. Pratt and his partner were sanguine of suc- 
cess, as there was not known to be any opposition to them. When the 
balloting commenced, to the surprise of Pratt, the Whigs were voting 
for Patterson. He yet did not apprehend any danger of the final result, 
until the roll-call reached the name of David Herriman, of Noble county 
(a leading Democrat), who cried out, "Samuel H. Patterson." Pratt 
afterwards said he "saw in a moment that he had been outflanked by 
the adroit wire-worker, for he had never dreamed before the balloting 
conimenced that Mr. Patterson was a candidate." As this incident will 
prove, he never lets his plans be known until they are well matured and 
often nearly accomplished. 

After his second lease of the prison expired, in 1856, he was the 
principal stockholder in a line of steamers between Cairo and New 
Orleans. This was one of the finest as well as largest line of boats ever 
established on the Mississippi river, a steamer leaving each port daily. 

During the fifteen years he was lessee of the State prison he pur- 
chased twelve or fifteen hundred acres of land, lying between Jefferson- 
ville and New Albany, principally for the wood, which he used in 
burning brick. This land he yet holds, and I understand has been, 
offered one thousand dollars per acre for some of it that lies near the 
northern terminus of the bridge over the Ohio river. 

He is now considered one of the wealthy men of the State. Although, 
in his seventy-first year, he is as energetic and industrious and as wiUing' 
to turn an honest penny as when we first knew him forty-six years ago,, 
when the price of a "wall sweeper " was fifty dollars. His house has 
been the hotel of his friends and acquaintances from all parts of the 
Union since his residence in Jeffersonville, now forty-one years. 

He was a member of the old National Whig party from its first 
organization in 1832 until it was disbanded in 1852 ; although a South- 



J 82 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

-ernor by birth, and the owner of slaves, he was, during the war, a warm 
Union man. 

Mrs. Patterson is the only surviving member (save the writer) of 
her father's family of nine that came to Indianapolis fifty-seven years 
■ago. 

JOHN L. KETCHAM. 

In the short space I design in this work of sketching the characters 
of the old citizens, I do not think I could add one word to, nor would I 
willingly take one from, the eulogy upon the character of Mr. Ketcham, 
Avhich I find as his obituary notice in the Evening Mirror, of this city, 
■dated April 2 1st, 1S69. 

With Mr. Ketcham I was well acquainted for the entire thirty-six 
years that he was a resident of this city. I have transacted business 
with him as a lawyer, as a magistrate, and also as a private citizen, and 
will add my testimony to his worth in each capacity, and also to his 
many other noble qualities and Christian virtues. 

The cause of his sudden and unexpected death that gave such a 
shock to, and cast such a gloom over the entire city, was by falling 
through a hatchway in the store of Alford, Talbott & Co., in the Opera 
House building on Meridian street. 

He had stepped into the store but a moment before the sad accident 
happened, to speak with one of the proprietors, and by a backward 
step he lost his balance and was precipitated twelve feet into the cellar, 
and died of the injuries he received the next morning. I therefore 
■cheerfully adopt the following, which I clip from the Mirror : 

"The announcement this morning that the injuries received by Hon. 
John L. Ketcham, in the fall at the store of Alford, Talbott & Co., yes- 
terday afternoon, had proved fatal, has thrown a saddening gloom over 
the city. So sudden has been the removal from the activity of life to 
the stillness of death, that it seems hard to fully realize the painful truth. 
From the full vigor of a life, unusually earnest and active, he has been 
taken by one of those terrible decrees of accident that are ever remind- 
ing man that his existence is brief and uncertain in its termination. 

"John L. Ketcham was born April 3, 1810, in Shelby county, Ken- 
tucky. His father, Colonel John Ketcham, removed to Indiana when 
he was an infant, but on account of Indian troubles was compelled to 
return to Kentucky. A few years later he came to Indiana, and settled 
in Monroe county, near Bloomington. Colonel Ketcham was a man of 
strong character, with marked energy and resolute purpose. An early 



fOHN L. KETCHAM. 1 83 

advocate of the Free Soil movement, he continued in that party through 
all its obloquy and feebleness. His wife was a woman equally marked. 
She had a quick perception into the right, and was ever ready to sac- 
rifice to it. Her controlling spring seemed to be duty, and she never 
let pleasure lead her from it. 

" From such parentage John L. Ketcham came, and well represented 
in his life the familiar characteristics of each, more especially being a 
counterpart of his mother. Colonel Ketcham died two years since. 
His wife still survives. Mr. Ketcham was educated at the University 
at Bloomington, under Dr. Wiley, to whom he was much attached. 
He was graduated in the regular course when quite young. In 1833 he 
came to Indianapolis and began the study of the law under Judge Black- 
ford. Soon after admission to the bar he was elected justice of the 
peace, and held the office one term. This was the only office that he 
was ever a candidate for, his subsequent life being strictly devoted to 
his profession. In 1836 he married Jane, eldest daughter of Samuel 
Merrill, Esq. He leaves his wife and a family of eight. 

"In his profession he was associated in partnership from time to 
time with Napoleon B. Taylor, Lucian Barbour, D. W. Coffin and 
James L. Mitchell, his present partner. 

"Such in brief is the history of one who yesterday, in the fullest 
vigor, was with us. There is, perhaps, no man in the city whose lead- 
ing traits of character are more marked. For thirty six years he was a 
citizen of Indianapolis, for the last twenty of which he has lived in the 
home he has been so sadly called from. It is a delicate thing to try to 
portray a character so well known. It lives so in the memory of all 
that it is a part of the history of the place. But we can but say briefly 
a little of that that comes quickest to the hearts that are so suddenly 
called to grieve over a loss so irreparable. 

"The hospitality of Mr. Ketcham is well known. It was a part of 
the duty of life that he never forgot, but made it most pleasant to all 
who entered his family circle. The nobleness of the man, indeed, was 
quickest seen in his home. An exceeding tenderness marked his whole 
intercourse with his family and family friends. Regularity of life was a 
part of his faith. An untiring worker, he never allowed one duty to 
overshadow another. His idea of Ufe was to fulfill every duty as it 
came. The boundaries of duty were never crossed. All his life a 
Christian, he let his Christianity follow him wherever he went. It is 
said by those nearest him, that in all his long residence in the city, he 
never missed a religious meeting of the church to which he belonged, 



1 84 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



if in the city or not unwell. A ready speaker at all times, he seemed 
especially gifted in the prayer meeting, always having something to add 
which was of value. The mainspring of his life was Christian duty. 
The influence he silently exerted in the regular observance of his daily 
devotions is past all expression. Those living near him have often 
spoken with the deepest feeling of the laborers, when passing his house 
in the morning, stopping to catch the hymns of praise that were the 
ushering in of the daj' to him and his family. 

"Strong in his friendship, he never forgot a friend or failed him when 
needed. During the war his sympathetic patriotism was most marked. 
Two of his sons were in the army, and every battle was watched and 
prayed over as if they were there. A man of unostentatious benevo- 
lence, he literally did not let his right hand know what his left did. 
Many instances of his substantial kindness are now known, that before 
were buried in the hearts of giver and receiver. 

" Mr. Ketcham was one of thirteen who left the Old School church 
on the division, and founded the Second Presbyterian church. Mr. 
Beecher, the first pastor of that church, was accustomed to rely upon 
him as confidently as he could upon himself. When the Second church 
became too full for usefulness, Mr. Ketcham was one of the handful of 
brave men who founded the Fourth church. He gave of his time and 
means without stint to bring that church to its present standing. An 
elder in the Second church, he was soon made an elder in the Fourth, 
in which position he worked faithfully to the last. 

"John L. Ketcham died with his armor on. Working nobly for 
God and man, he was ready at the call. No preparation time was 
wanted. He stepped from life here to the life beyond. Vain are our 
words to say to his family that he has done hiS' work. Vainly can we 
tender sympathy — vainly speak to the crushed hearts. It is the work 
of the God he gave his life-service to, and humbly we look to him for 
comfort for them. 

" ■ Enoch walked with God and was not, for God took him.' " 



WILLIAM SULLIVAN, ESQ. 

Among those of the second decade in the settlement of Indianapo- 
lis, and who have been rather prominent before the people for the past 
thirty-five years, is William Sullivan, Esq., a native of Maryland, who 
first came among us in 1834, in the character of a schoolmaster, and 
pursued the business of teaching for several years. 



WILLIAM SULLIVAN, ESQ. 1 85 

Mr. Sullivan, having married a young lady of this city and made it 
his permanent home, accepted the office of county surveyor, and subse- 
quently that of city civil engineer in I836, then first created; it was 
under his directions our first street improvements were made. 

While acting as engineer he constructed a large map for the use of 
the city, and published a smaller map for the general use of the citizens, 
a valuable but a very scarce map at the present day. 

Mr. Sullivan took an active part in school matters before the intro- 
duction of the present system of graded schools, and was instrumental 
in organizing the Franklin Institute, or High School, then located near 
the northwest corner of Market and Circle streets, an institution of great 
utility at that time, and successfully conducted by the Rev. Mr. Ches- 
ter, now deceased, and afterwards by General Marston, late a member 
of Congress from the State of New Hampshire, and lastly, I believe, by 
the Hon. W. D. Griswold, now of Terre Haute, Indiana. 

Mr. Sullivan has served as councilman of his ward, and as president 
of the City Council, discharging magisterial duties similar to those of 
police judge, now exercised by the mayor of Indianapolis. 

From November, 1841, to November, 1867, twenty-si.x; years, he 
held the office of justice of the peace for Center township, in this city, 
a longer time than any office has been held by any other person since 
the settlement of the place, doing a large amount of business, and fre- 
quently discharging the duties of city judge in the absence or inability 
of the mayor. 

Meanwhile he has given of his means and devoted his spare time to 
public improvements, particularly railroads centering at Indianapolis; 
surveying for several years ; as a director of the Central railway from 
Indianapolis to Richmond during the construction of that road, and sub- 
sequently as trustee of the Peru and Indianapolis railroad. 

Mr. Sullivan is of a quiet and retiring disposition, but has a mind 
and will of his own, and acts promptly and vigorously, as occasion may 
require. He is a man of genial manners and great kindness of heart, 
quick to notice an intended injury, and as quick to forgive and forget it 
when due reparation is made. 

He has by close application and attention to business, economy and 
temperate habits, accumulated a competency sufficient to enable him to 
live at ease and without business the balance of his life, and leave a 
handsome property for each of his three children, but I can not see that 
,he has relaxed his energy or industry of a quarter of a century ago. 

Esquire Sullivan is a man of fine conversational powers and at home 



1 86 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

in any genteel society, and never fails to entertain those he meets by 
his great fund of anecdotes and his cheerful spirits. 

In politics he was an original Democrat, acted with and gave that 
party a hearty support until the passage of the " Kansas-Nebraska act ;" 
since that time he has voted with the Republicans, but with no very 
high opinion of the radical wing of that party. He is now chiefly en- 
gaged in attending to his own private business. 

Mr. Sullivan's oldest daughter is the wife of Mr. May, formerly of 
Cecil county, Maryland, now sojourning in Helena, Montana Territory, 
and has recently been appointed receiver of public moneys in that land 
district. His second daughter is the widow of the late Colonel Robert 
Stewart, who was a daring and dashing cavalry officer of the Union 
army. She, with her son George, resides with her father. His remain- 
ing child, a son, lives under the paternal roof. 

WILLIAM S. HUBBARD 

Is one of the citizens of Indianapolis who has proved by demonstration 
and success in business that some things can be done as well as others, 
i. e., that a man with a reasonable share of industry, perseverance and 
economy can achieve what capital often fails to accomplish — the building 
up a fortune — and that brain is sometimes indispensable. 

Mr. Hubbard is a native of Connecticut, having been born in Middle- 
town, in May, 1816. In 1837, at the age of twenty-one, he came to 
Indianapolis as clerk to the Board of State Fund Commissioners — Dr. 
Coe, Caleb B. Smith and Samuel Hanna — at a salary of five hundred 
dollars per year. Dr. Coe advanced him the necessary amount to pay 
his traveling expenses from the east to this place. Out of the first 
year's salary he was enabled to save two hundred and fifty dollars. 
This moiety of his salary he invested in a lot and cabin which he pur- 
chased of Judge Blackford and Henry P. Coburn, and it was here, with 
that two hundred and fifty dollars, the foundation of a fortune was laid, 
and proved that it was as necessary to have capital in the cranium as in 
the pocket. 

It is quite unnecessary to my purpose to follow Mr. Hubbard in the 
different pursuits he has followed and trades he has made. 'Tis suffi- 
cient to know that with this beginning he now owns some of the most 
valuable business property in the city. One piece, known as Hubbard's 
Block, on the southwest corner of Washington and Meridian streets, 
once known as the Jerry Collins'' corner. He also owns and lives in 



LAWRENCE MARTIN VANCE. 187- 

one of the largest, as well as finest, private residences on North Meridiart 
street, and in that part of the city where the beau monde do mostly con- 
gregate. Mr. Hubbard, by his energy and enterprise, has not only- 
built up a fortune for himself, but has added much to the improvement 
of the city and advancement in price of other persons' property. 

About the year 1840 he returned to his native State and was there 
married, and was fortunate in the selection of a wife that reflected his 
own disposition and was content to live in a frugal and rational manner, 
and in their dress and outward appearance showed no disposition to- 
imitate the follies and fashions of the day, and amid the hum and bustle 
of the more wealthy and showy remained the same they were whem 
they first left the shadow of the parental roof, and by this means they 
have been enabled to accumulate a competency for the present and any 
future e.xigency that may arise, and is indebted to his own industry for 
what he has heretofore in a manner been indebted to others, and his 
highest hopes and aspirations have been more than realized. 

Although Mr. Hubbard is the architect of his own fortune, he has 
been aided by the advice and counsel of good and sound-minded men,, 
such as James M. Ray, Edwin J. Peck, and that venerable old citizen. 
Colonel James Blake, whose friendships are invaluable to any person so 
fortunate as to possess them. And he has been enabled to retain them 
by never allowing himself to be guilty of any breach of truth, trust, or 
good faith, which are the cementing principles of confidence in business 
men, and which many have made great sacrifices by not observing, and 
precipitated their own ruin. 

Mr. Hubbard is a member of the Second Presbyterian church, and 
was active and energetic in building the present fine edifice. He is a 
man of medium size, quick and active in his movements, and whatso- 
ever his hands findeth to do he does it with all his might. He has a 
pleasing address and affable manner, and is a much younger looking 
man than he really is. 

In 1873 he rebuilt the block on the southwest corner of Washington 
and Meridian streets, since which time, with his wife, son and daughter, 
he has traveled extensively in Europe. 



LAWRENCE MARTIN VANCE 

Was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in the year 18 16. When in his eighteenth 
year he came to Indianapolis and engaged as a clerk in the dry goods- 
store of Joseph M, Moore & Co., known as the store of the Steam Mill 



1 88 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT. CITIZENS 

■Company, of which Messrs. James M. Ray, James Blake and Nicholas 
McCarty were the principal owners. 

He was married in 1838 to Miss Mary Jane, eldest daughter of Her- 
vey Bates, Esq. He then, with his father-in-law as a partner, engaged 
in merchandising, and afterwards with other partners, and was a suc- 
cessful merchant. He was conductor on the Madison and Indianapolis 
railroad, and as such brought the first train that ever ran into Indiana- 
polis, in October, 1847. When the Indianapolis and Cincinnati railroad 
was being built he took the contract for and finished several miles of it. 

Mr. Vance was one of the seventeen that left the Old School Pres- 
byterian church and joined the Second Presb)'terian church when it was 
founded by Henry Ward Beecher. He was well known for his gener- 
ous and obliging disposition, his strict observance of every rule of 
morality and religion, and his kindness to those that either business or 
■circumstances brought him in contact with. 

During the war he was a devoted Union man, using his influence and 
means, without stint, for its successful prosecution. One of his sons, 
Samuel C. Vance, after serving in a subordinate capacity for two or 
three years, was selected as colonel of the I32d (city) regiment of one 
hudred days men, which position he filled to the honor of himself and 
benefit of the service. 

Lawrence M. Vance was one of the enterprising and business men 
•of Indianapolis, and as such enjoyed the confidence of the people. He 
died suddenly in April, 1863, leaving a wife and several children in 
good circumstances, if not wealthy. Mrs. Vance owns that splendid 
property on the corner of Virginia avenue and Washington street, on 
which she erected a fine business and banking house in 1876, which is 
the most imposing in appearance of any in the city. 

JAMES B. RYAN 

Is a native of the Emerald Isle, having been born in Thurles, Tipperary 
county, and came to the United States in 1842, and settled near Wash- 
ington, Daviess county, where they farmed for about five years. 

From the latter place he went to Edinburg, in Johnson county, 
where he engaged in merchandising for three years ; from there he 
came to Indianapolis in the year 1 850, and engaged as clerk in the store 
of the late P. B. L. Smith, then located on the northeast corner of Penn- 
sylvania and Washington streets, and continued with Mr. Smith until 



MARTIN BYRKIT. igg 

that establishment was sold to C. C. Elliott & Bro. He remained with 
the latter firm until after the death of the senior partner. 

He then, in connection with Calvin A. Elliott, continued the busi- 
ness under the Masonic Hall until they built their business house on the 
northwest corner of Meridian and Maryland streets in 1854, where he 
remained until elected Treasurer of State. 

He has been connected with this house in all its changes for twenty 
years, and, to judge from his present health, energy and industry, bids 
fair to remain for twenty more. 

Mr. Ryan is a nephew of the late P. M. Brett, of Daviess county, 
who was its first auditor, a man of learning and culture. Although 
having lived in Indianapolis twenty years, Mr. Ryan yet claims to be a 
■citizen of the " Pocket," as that was his first home in the United States, 
and many of his relatives yet reside in that portion of the State. 

His first wife was the daughter of the late Judge John Smiley, who 
was the first white man that settled in Johnson county, and its first sher- 
iff ; he was, also, the first to represent, in the Legislature, the district 
composed of the counties of Johnson, Shelby and Bartholomew. The 
father and daughter both sleep in the family burying ground at Edinburg. 

Mr. Ryan was nominated by the State Democratic Convention three 
successive times as its candidate for Treasurer of State, i. e., 1866-68-70. 
The latter year he was elected and served two years. Again, in 1872, 
he was a candidate and defeated by John B. Glover, the Republican can- 
didate. Since that time Mr. Ryan has built a fine business block and 
hall, known as Ryan's Hall, on the corner of Tennessee street and Indi- 
ana avenue, where he has resumed the wholesale liquor business. 

Mr. Ryan is an active and laborious politician of the Democratic 
school, and took a lively interest in the ever memorable canvass of 1866. 

MARTIN BYRKIT 

Was born in Miami county, Ohio, on the 9th of July, 18 12, and with 
his father came to this county in October, 1825. His father purchased 
land and made a farm southwest of the then village of Indianapolis. 
Martin assisted him in clearing the land and working on the farm for 
six years. This portion of Marion county was one of the heaviest tim- 
bered of any portion of the State, and like all the first settlers their labors 
were most arduous. 

Mr. Byrkit came to the village with a York shilling in his pocket. 



190 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



His whole wardrobe would not have exceeded five dollars in value. He 
apprenticed himself to Samuel Goldsberry and Seth Bradwell, the lead- 
ing carpenters and builders at that time. After finishing his trade he 
worked as a journeyman for Goldsberry, then for sometime as foreman 
of the establishment. In 1833 he was married to Miss Hannah Wag- 
goner, of Miami county, Ohio. The same year he purchased prop- 
erty and commenced business on his own account on the northwest cor- 
ner of Tennessee and Georgia streets, where he yet resides 

In the forty-three years Mr. Byrkit has been a master carpenter he 
has done a large share of the building in the city. He is now one of 
the oldest builders in Indianapolis. Although Mr. Byrkit is now in his 
sixty-fifth year he yet makes a full hand of ten hours per day. During 
the last year he removed a building he assisted in erecting forty-four 
years ago, and put in its place a fine business block of modern style and 
finish. Mr. Byrkit put in the first plate glass ever used in this city. 
He also made and hung the first rolling blinds ; assisted in hanging the 
first church bell in the place. He assisted in starting the first Sabbath 
school in Wayne township. Mr. Byrkit has ever been ready to con- 
tract to build any kind of a house, from a palace to a cathedral, and 
warrants the work to be equal to that of any builder in the west. His 
long experience and a personal acquaintance with him of over fifty years 
warrants me in making the assertion. Mr. Byrkit is yet vigorous and 
energetic, and bids fair to yet add much to the improvement of the city. 

HENRY COBURN, 

The youngest son of the late Henry P. Coburn, and brother of General 
John Coburn, was born in Indianapolis, on the 17th of September, 1832. 
He was educated in the common schools of the city. In 1859 he en- 
gaged with William H. Jones in the lumber business, since which time 
they have done as large, if not the largest, business in that line as any 
similar firm in this city, taking their timber from the forests of Michigan, 
and having the lumber cut by their own mills. They have, within a 
few years, added to their business an extensive planing-mill. 

Mr. Coburn was married in May, 1862, to Miss Mary Jones, daugh- 
ter of his partner. 

Mr. Coburn is said to be a man of fine business qualifications, as his 
success plainly indicates. The lumber yard of the firm of Coburn & 
Jones is situated on Georgia street, between Tennessee and Mississippi, 
and their planing-mill opposite, on the north side of Georgia. 



REV. EDWIN RAY. 



MICHAEL SELLS 



191 



Was born in White river township, Johnson county, Indiana, twelve 
miles south of the city, on the Bluff road, on the 19th of October, 1831. 
Mr. Sells is the only son of David Sells, who was one of the prominent 
farmers of that township from 1823 to the time of his death, in the win- 
ter of 1863-64. 

Mr. Sells' education was such as could be obtained in the country 
school houses of the day. He received his at what was known as 
"Laws' school house," in the immediate neighborhood of his father's 
residence ; but since his boyhood days he has received considerable ed- 
ucation in the school of experience, and, I might say, has graduated in 
the knowledge of human nature. 

From his boyhood he has been an active trader. In 1857 he came to 
Indianapolis and engaged in the family grocery business ; not finding it 
remunerative, he abandoned it, and removed to Stilesville, Hendricks 
county, where he engaged in the dry goods trade and was successful. 
In 1864 he returned to the city and entered upon the purchase and sale 
of live stock on his own account. During the last four years he has 
been the buyer for Kingan & Co.'s large packing establishment, whose 
yearly purchases amount to several hundred thousands of dollars. Mr. 
Sells' familiarity with the values of all kinds of stock, and his general 
acquaintance with the farming community in this and several adjoining 
counties, render him well qualified for the business. 

On the i8th of December, 1853, Mr. Sells was married to Miss 
Thirza A. Allen, daughter of David E. Allen, of Putnam county. Miss 
Allen's mother died when she was quite young. She was raised by her 
aunt, Mrs. Emily Pinney, who was a daughter of Jacob Whetzel, and 
sister of the late Cyrus Whetzel, of Morgan county. 

Mrs. Sells was born in what was then called Port Royal, in the same 
township and county, and within three miles of where her husband was 
born. 

Mr. Sells tells me that he is now permanently located, and expects 
to spend the balance of his life in this city. His present residence is 
321 North New Jersey street. 

REV. EDWIN RAY. 

This talented young minister, in connection with Constant B. Jones, 
was assigned to the Indianapolis circuit in the fall of 1826. The circuit 



192 



SKETCHES OF PROMINEA'T CITIZENS. 



then embraced several of the adjoining counties, and it took two weeks 
to make the round, so that one of them was here every Sunday, and 
the same one every other Sunday. They preached in the old log church 
on the south side of Maryland, on the corner of the alley between Meri- 
dian and Illinois streets. It is a well known fact that young ministers 
have, from time immemorial, possessed the faculty of gathering into 
their congregations the young ladies of all denominations, as well as 
those outside the pale of any church. It is not surprising, then, that 
the young minister above named should exercise a similar influence, as 
he was young, talented and good-looking, and just at that period of life 
when ministers, as well as worldly people, are supposed to be looking 
for a partner for life. 

Suffice it to say, that every other Sunday at least, the beauty and 
fashion, as well as those that were not the beauty and fashion, of Indi- 
anapolis, were assembled in that log church ; old maids primped their 
mouths, and young ones cast their glances and sly looks. The old 
m^ids and mothers were not slow In discovering that the young minister 
was frequently found accompanying one of the young ladies home who 
was not a member of the flock, and, oh ! what solicitude for the safety 
of the church, and the cause of our blessed Redeemer, was felt and 
manifested by them. There was a family of five of those church and 
moral guardians more exercised than the rest ; they thought that should 
the young minister bestow his affections outside the church Methodism 
would suffer beyond redemption. 

The consequence was, that great preparations were made for the 
young minister when he should have accomplished his semi-monthly 
round ; invitations were showered upon him to dine, take tea, etc. Many 
a yellow-legged chicken's head paid the penalty for the young minister's 
indiscretions. Those old maids last referred to usually dressed very 
plain, in the good old Methodist style ; now, it was noticed that a curl 
sometimes hung down behind the ear, supposed to be intended for the 
minister's eye, as he was pouring forth the word of God to his devout con- 
gregation. At last one of them, more solicitous for the welfare of the 
church than the others, ventured to approach him on the subject, and 
wanted to know if he was aware that the young lady to whom he was 
paying attention danced. "Yes, she dances," said she ; "Oh, my, my, 
my, brother Ray, she dances ; how can people be so wicked and sinful ? " 
The only reply she elicited and comfort she got in her interview with 
the minister was, " the wilder the colt the tamer the horse." 

The young minister married outside the church, the church survived 



GOVERNOR JAMES D. WILLIAMS. Iqj 

the shock, and now, instead of the old log church we have eight or ten 
niagnificent Methodist churches inside the city limits, and at least two 
hundred within the territory that then composed his circuit. 

Edwin Ray was a man of marked ability, perseverance and industry. 
He studied and mastered the Greek and Latin languages on horseback, 
traveling from one appointment to another, and had he lived even to 
the meridian of life, would have ranked among the first theologians of 
the country. He fell a victim to his industry and zeal in the cause in 
which he was engaged, and died at the house of a friend on the Otter 
Creek Prairie, in Vigo county, on the 15th day of September, 1831, in 
the twenty-ninth year of his age. He was born in Montgomery county, 
Kentucky, near Mount Sterling, and there entered the ministry, but 
soon came to Indiana, where there was a wider field for usefulness. 

He had but two children, a son and daughter ; the daughter died 
several years since ; the son, John W. Ray, is the present Commis- 
sioner in Bankruptcy for this district, and is also treasurer of the Indi- 
anapolis Savings Bank. 

GOVERNOR JAMES D. WILLIAMS. 

Mr. Williams was born in Pickaway county, Ohio, on the i6th of 
January, 1808, and with his parents emigrated to Knox county, Indiana, 
in 18 1 8, where he has resided ever since. His parental ancestors were 
of Scotch-Irish descent. His grandfather emigrated to the United 
States about the middle of the eighteenth century. His grandmother 
was from Scotland. They settled in Virginia, where they raised a fam- 
ily, among whom was George Williams, the father of the subject of this 
sketch. His maternal ancestors were of English-Welsh origin, and 
also settled in Virginia during the eighteenth century. The parents of 
Governor Williams were both of Virginia birth and education. The 
father, George Williams, being a farmer, followed that vocation up to 
the time of his death, which occurred in 1828. He had a family of six 
children, of whom James D. was the oldest. 

After the death of his father he resided at home, working on the 
farm until he had attained his majority, receiving only a common school 
education, like many others who have persevered and carved out their 
own fortunes. His labors have been crowned with plenty. So in his 
declining years he finds his garner well stored with this world's goods. 
At the time the elder Williams sought in the boundless contiguity of 
shade a home, Knox county was but sparsely settled. There was 



igQ SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS 

nothing heard but the stroke of the woodman's ax, the crash of the 
falHng trees, or the crack of the hunter's rifle. There was naught else 
to disturb or mar the pleasant anticipations of the hardy pioneer. 

In 183 1 Mr. Williams was married to Miss Nancy Huffman, the 
daughter of a neighboring farmer. By this union he has had seven 
children, two of whom are yet living, as well as Mrs. Williams. 

Mr. Williams has endured all the labors, privations and hardships 
incident to the settling of a new country, having cleared and aided in 
clearing over one thousand acres of heavily timbered land. The great 
labor can only be appreciated by those who have performed similar 
service. And now in the decline of life he can pass off the stage of 
action conscious of not having been a drone upon society, and of having 
performed his every duty to God, to his family, to his fellow-man and 
to his country. 

He commenced public life in 1839, having been elected a justice of 
the peace ; this office he held four years and resigned. In 1843 he was 
elected to the Legislature over Abner T. Ellis, a lawyer, by one hun- 
dred and twelve majority ; up to that time the county had generally 
given from three to four hundred majority for the Whig party. In 1845 
he ran against Robert A. Carnan, another lawyer, but was defeated by 
only ninety votes, always running ahead of his party. In 1847 he was 
elected over George D. May, a merchant of Vincennes, by a majority 
of ninety-three votes. In 1848 he was a candidate against Abner T. 
Ellis for the Senate, and defeated him by two hundred and fifty votes. 
In 1851 he was a candidate against Doctor John G. Freeland, Hon. 
John Ewing (ex-member of Congress), and John B. Dunning for Repre- 
sentative, and was elected over Doctor Freeland, the highest of his 
opponents, by a majority of thirty-five votes. In 1854 he was again a 
candidate for Representative, and was elected over Judge Clarke Willis 
by a majority of four hundred and eighty-eight votes. In 1858 he was 
elected to the Senate without opposition; since that time up to 1874 he 
has been almost continuously a member of that body. He was for 
sixteen years a member of the State Board of Agriculture, four years 
its president ; during that time the State fairs were a success, with money 
always in the treasury to meet the current expenses of the institution. 
In 1874 he was the Democratic candidate for Congress against Levi 
Furguson, and was triumphantly elected by a majority of S,000, and 
served until near the close of the first session of the 44th Congress, 
when he resigned to accept the nomination for Governor. Godlove S. 
Orth had been nominated by the Republicans for the same office, and 



GOVERNOR JAMES D. WILLIAMS. igj 

resigned the position of Minister to Vienna to make the race, and had 
begun a vigorous canvass when Mr. WilHams took the field. But a few 
weeks sufficed to prove to the friends of Mr. Orth that his defeat was 
inevitable. Mr. Orth was induced to retire, and General Benjamin Har- 
rison, a grand-son of the late President Harrison, was placed, by the 
State Central Committee, to make the canvass. 

General Harrison was well-known as an able political debater, and 
many thought that it would require no great effort to defeat the old 
farmer of Knox, but there were those who knew Mr. Williams who 
thought different. 

The gubernatorial canvass was conducted by the Republicans some- 
thing like that by the Democrats in 1 840, when Martin Van Buren was 
defeated for the Presidency by General William Henry Harrison, grand- 
father of Mr. Williams' opponent. In that canvass the Democrats tried 
to ridicule the Whig candidate by calling him the " log cabin and hard 
cider candidate," but never attacked the integrity or patriotism of the 
old hero ; the result was a most inglorious defeat to themselves. The 
Republicans took pretty much the same course in the gubernatorial 
election in 1876. They assailed the farmer-like habits of Mr. Wil- 
liams ; they attacked and ridiculed the manner of his dress (his integ- 
rity and honesty were too well known). To all this Mr. Williams 
paid no attention but pursued the even tenor of his way undaunted. 
He bore the flag of his party to victory, his majority being between 
5,000 and 6,000, his great popularity bringing strength to the Demo- 
cratic presidential ticket, and, no doubt, was the means of carrying the 
State for Tilden and Hendricks. 

Mr. Williams has been called the Abraham Lincoln of Indiana, re- 
sembling the late President very much in form and features, full six 
feet three inches in height, strong and muscular form, an even, well- 
balanced head, and like the early men who participated in the forma- 
tion of our State government, few were inheritors of distinction. Our 
leading men at that time were nearly all from the common sphere of 
life ; but their foresight, wisdom and great energy have stamped their 
names upon the State records and in the heart of every Indianian. 

Mr. Williams possesses the dignity of manners, efficient and practi- 
cal talent which have secured him the confidence of the whole people, 
without regard to party, as his long life and public service will attest, 
having been almost continuously in public life for thirty-eight years. 
He has already been spoken of as Indiana's favorite for the Presidency 
in 1880. 



IgS SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

There is not another instance on record where a man has retained 
his place in the legislative councils of the State as long as he has. As 
a legislator he has had a large experience, and is perhaps better posted 
on the routine of legislative labor than any man in the State. During 
his legislative career he has favored the passage of some of the most 
judicious laws upon the statute books of the State. Among those acts 
may be enumerated the one relating to widows, allowing them to hold 
the estate of their deceased husbands, when it did not exceed three hun- 
dred dollars, without administration. Some years since he advocated 
the law in regard to loaning the school sinking fund the same as other 
school money, so that the schools could receive the benefit of interest, 
instead of its lying idle in the hands of the State Treasurer. He has 
been the firm and working friend of the common school system, as well 
as all benevolent and charitable institutions and in favor of aiding them 
by law as far as practicable. 

In all his public duties he has performed his part well. No personal 
interest could swerve him from what he conceived to be the line of his 
duty. Politically he has ever been a Democrat of the Jackson school, 
having cast his first Presidential vote for the hero of the Hermitage. 

In 1872 he was supported by the Democracy of the Legislature for 
United States Senator against Governor Morton, who was elected by 
the Republicans by nineteen majority. This was a fit manifestation of 
esteem for a long life of integrity and official worth. 

"Experience," says Goldsmith, "is the ripest school of knowledge." 
Mr. Williams has graduated in that school. 

Such is James Douglass Williams, Governor elect of Indiana in the 
Centennial year, 1876; inaugurated in January, 1877. 

ROBERT L. McOUAT 

Was born in Lexington, Kentucky, on the 8th of August, 1827, and 
came with his father's family to Indianapolis in the fall of 1830. After 
a fair English education he learned the tinning business, and is at this 
time one of the largest manufacturers of tin ware and dealers in stoves 
and other heating apparatus in the city. He has been in business con- 
tinuously in the same block for twenty-six years. He was married in 
April, 1850, to Miss Helen, daughter of B. F. Wallace, Esq., and niece 
of the late Governor David Wallace. She died October 10, 1863. In 
August, 1865, he was married to Miss Eugenia Burford, of Missouri. 
By his last marriage he has two children. The lot upon which Mr. 



DOCTOR ALOIS D. GALL. lOO 

McOuat's business house is located was purchased by his father at the 
first sale of lots, in October, 1821, and is one of the few pieces of prop- 
erty in the city that is owned by the heirs of the original purchaser. 

DOCTOR ALOIS D. GALL. 

Twenty years acquaintance with Dr. Gall enables the writer to speak 
understandingly, and we bear testimony cheerfully to his many good 
qualities and fine traits of character, and his social and convivial dispo- 
sition. We were about the first acquaintance he made in Indianapolis 
when he first made it his residence in the year 1847, and our friendship 
and that of our families continued unbroken or marred by a single 
unpleasant incident up to the time he was so suddenly and unexpectedly 
called to pass from time to eternity, which gave such a shock to his 
many friends and acquaintances in this city. 

Dr. Gall was very popular with all classes, especially was he so with 
his German fellow-citizens, who venerate his memory as one of their 
most worthy countrymen. He was a man of fine attainments, and well 
read in his profession. He stood deservedly high with his medical 
brethren in this city. 

Dr. Gall was born in Weil die Stadt, in the German State of Wur- 
temburg, on the i6th of March, 18 14. About the year 1841 he emi- 
grated to the United States, and for five years practiced medicine in 
Pennsylvania. In the year 1847, as above stated, he removed to Indian- 
apolis and permanently located his family here. He was a successful 
practitioner of medicine until 1853, when he was appointed by Presi- 
dent Pierce as United States Consul at Antwerp, Belgium, where he 
remained in office six years, having removed his family to that place for 
the purpose of educating his children. 

While holding this high and responsible position, tendered him by 
the chief magistrate of his adopted country, he discharged all its duties 
with honor to himself and to the entire satisfaction of the appointing 
power and the people he so faithfully represented. 

While at Antwerp the American captains in that port, as an appre- 
ciation<of his fidelity to his adopted country and the interest he took in 
American citizens sojourning there, presented him with a beautiful and 
elaborately wrought gold-headed cane ; this was more valuable for the 
idea it conveyed than for its intrinsic worth. 

During the late rebellion he was a warm and devoted Union man, 
and was surgeon of the 13th Indiana regiment, and afterwards promoted 



200 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

to brigade surgeon and medical director, and resigned after three years 
hard and laborious service in the field. While at Norfolk, Virginia, he 
was presented by the officers of the 13th Indiana regiment with a fine 
sword as a testimonial of their respect for him and his fidelity to his trust. 

Dr. Gall died of appoplexy, after being sick only two hours, on the 
nth day of February, 1867, leaving a wife and three children, all of 
whom yet reside in this city. The only daughter is the wife of Frederick 
P. Rush, one of the business men of the city. 

Albert, the eldest son, at the age of eighteen years, went to Cali- 
fornia and there remained three years, where he acquired fine business 
qualifications as a merchant, which laid the foundation for future useful- 
ness as well as a fortune. He is now engaged in a large carpet and 
general house-furnishing establishment. 

Edmund, the second son and youngest child, resides with his mother 
and manages her business. Dr. Gall left his family in possession of 
some fine city property, and altogether in comfortable and easy circum- 
stances. 

His wife yet retains her widowhood, and mourns her loss as irrepar- 
able, as Rachel mourning for her children. 

" Death enters and there's no defense ; 
His time there's none ean tell." 

DR. W. CLINTON THOMPSON 

Is a native of the Keystone State, having been born in the town of 
Zeallia Nople, Butler county. His parents died when he was quite 
young, and he was thrown entirely upon his own resources to procure 
an education ; but with an energy and earnestness that are generally re- 
warded with success, he received an education that qualified him for the 
study of the profession to which he is now an honor. He is a graduate 
of the Ohio Medical College. He came to Indiana about the year 1836, 
and has been a citizen of the State since that time, except six years that 
he practiced his profession in St. Charles, Missouri. He has resided in 
this city during the last twenty-three years, actively engaged in the du- 
ties of his profession. He was appointed brigade surgeon, at tile com- 
mencement of the war, by President Lincoln, at the instance of Gover- 
nor Morton, and was attached to the armies of McClellan and Pope in 
their campaign through Virginia. He resigned this position, by reason 
of failing health, soon after the battle of Antietam. 

Since his residence in Indianapolis Doctor Thompson has held sev- 



WILEY M. LOIVRY, M. D. 20I 

eral offices of honor and responsibility, if not of emolument. He was 
chosen councilman of the Third ward, and, after serving several years 
as such, be resigned, and without solicitation on his part, was nominated 
by the Republican party for, and triumphantly elected to represent the 
county in the State Senate. This office he filled with credit to himself 
and to the entire satisfaction of his constituents of all parties. 

Since his long residence in this city Doctor Thompson has ever sus- 
tained an unblemished character for honesty and integrity, and a high 
reputation as a skillful and successful physician. 

He is a decided character, whose instincts and impulses are all with 
the right. He has enjoyed the confidence and friendship of all the Gov- 
ernors of the State from Joseph A. Wright to his excellency Governor 
Baker, and has been their family physician. He has, from his earliest 
years, had no parents to demand his regard, further than his respect for 
their memory and regrets for their loss, and no one but strangers to sup- 
ply their place ; with his genial manners he gained many friends, and he 
has a way of mixing his good feelings with his many jokes, which inter- 
ests his auditors. He is still actively engaged in the practice of medicine, 
and has by economy, industry and honesty, acquired a considerable for- 
tune for himself and family, and the sincere wish of the writer is that 
he may live long to enjoy the fruits of his labor, the society of his fam- 
ily and friends, and be, as he ever has been, of usefulness to the public. 
Doctor Thompson was also elected one of the Senators for the county in 
the State Legislature in 1872. He served two regular and two extra 
sessions. 

WILEY M. LOWRY, M. D. 

Mr. Lowry was born in Clemmonsville, North Carolina, in 181 2; he 
was one of a family of thirteen children, eight of whom are yet living, 
the youngest of whom is now forty-four years of age. Mr. Lowry was 
raised on a farm and used to farm labor, attending school through the 
winter season and qualifying himself for a teacher, which he followed 
for some time. 

Being of a mechanical turn of mind and natural genius, he learned 
the tailoring, hatting, printing and picture-taking businesses. In 1838 
he first visited Indianapolis, when on a tour of inspection to the west 
generally. I am permitted to give an extract from his diary of travel, 
in which he speaks of this city. I am of opinion that he rather over- 
rated the number of inhabitants at that time : 



202 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

"August 31st, 1838. 

"Arrived at Indianapolis. Stopped at the Union Hotel, Pruett, bon- 
iface. As I have but little time to remain in town, I can give it but a 
hasty sketch. It has a population of about 3,700. Is the capital of the 
Hoosier State, and seat of justice of Marion county. It is situated on 
the east side of White river ; beautiful location. The town is long, but 
narrow, houses mostly wooden, extending about one and a half miles, 
built in a cluster, and to a stranger, looks like several villages connected 
into one town. The National road, which forms the principal street 
(Washington), is in a horrible condition, literally blockaded by logs and 
boards (old corduroy), stones, bricks, etc.; they are now digging, scrap- 
ing and grading^he street preparatory to macadamizing. Nearly all the 
business is done on this street. There are several general stores, book 
stores, drug stores, etc., all retail, two printing offices, a good many 
mechanics, seven churches, of different denominations, two market 
houses. Court House, the Governor's house, a rather unpretentious edi- 
fice in the center of the "Circle," and last, though not least, the State 
House, an imposing structure, 200x80 feet ; first floor State offices, sec- 
ond floor Legislative halls ; it is built of brick and stucco, so as to repre- 
sent stone ; it is near the center of the square and surrounded by thrifty 
forest trees. The wooden double covered bridge, with footway on each 
side, across White river, is a massive and substantial structure, stone 
abutments and but one pier ; the span of the arches that support the 
bridge are one hundred feet. The bridge is a marvel in its way, not for 
its length or beauty, but the fact that it is built of the very best material 
and by honest and skillful workmen, and looks like it might last seventy- 
five years." 

In 1839 he settled at Knightstown, Henry county, and in 1841 he 
was married to Miss Sarah Edwards, a sister of Bishop Edwards, of the 
United Brethren church. In 1843 he commenced the study of medi- 
cine, and at the same time successfully carried on the drug business 
until 1857, when he removed to Indianapolis. 

In 1858 he again entered into the drug business at 65 Massachusetts 
avenue. This was the first drug store established off of Washington 
street ; now they can be counted by scores. He continued business at 
this location until the fall of 1875, losing his amiable wife about the 
time he retired from business. 

Mr. Lowry had eleven children ; but six survive, four sons and two 
daughters. Two of the sons are married. Of the daughters one is the 



GEORGE NOBLE. 



203 



wife ot J. W. Tutewiler, of the firm of J. VV. Adams & Co. ; the other 
is the wife of J. T. Davis, of the Connersville Examiner. He was a 
strong Union man, during the war, contributing two sons to the army, 
one of whom fell at the battle of "Stone river." 

Mr. Lowry is a zealous Odd Fellow ; was first in the organization of 
the Knightstown Lodge, Blue River Encampment. He has held several 
offices in subordinate lodges, and has several times been representative 
to the Grand Lodge and Grand Encampment. 

He is a man of great humor and fond of innocent jokes, which 
renders him very popular and his company very agreeable. He 
has written many spicy articles for the press, under the nom de plume of 
"Old Query." 

A man of strict probity, scrupulously honest, being always guided 
by that golden maxim, " Do unto others as you would have them do 
unto you." 

He has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal church for forty 
years, always contributing to the church and for benevolent purposes 
according to his ability ; indeed, it is said of him that he was liberal to 
a fault. Dr. Lowry spent the winter of 1876-77 with relatives and 
friends at Knightstown. 

It may be said of him that his life has been well spent and such as 
should be remembered for his many virtues. And to his children I 
would say, "Go, thou, and do likewise. " 

GEORGE NOBLE 

Was born in Campbell, now Kenton, county, Kentucky, the 2d day of 
March, 1801 ; he was the second son of Thomas Noble, who emigrated 
from Virginia at an early day, and brother of Noah Noble, who was 
Governor of Indiana from 183 1 to 1837. 

His boyhood days were mostly spent in the adjoining county of his 
birth, Boone. On the 22d of November, 1822, he was married to Miss 
Louisa Canby, daughter of Doctor Benjamin Canby, who removed to 
Marion county, and lived and died on the farm just southeast of the 
city, known as the Canby farm. Mrs. Noble is a cousin of General 
Canby, who was so cowardly murdered by the Modoc Indians a few 
years since. 

In April, 1833, came to Marion county and took charge of Governor 
Noble's farm, which now comprises a good portion of the eastern por- 



204 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



tion of the city ; here he remained one year. Mr. Noble tells me that 
he had a relative visit Indianapolis a few years before he removed here ; 
on the return of the young man Mr. Noble inquired what town lots 
were worth in the capital ; the young man replied by relating an inci- 
dent that occurred a few days before he left. He was engaged in work- 
ing on the highway, now Washington street ; a stranger appeared and 
reported ready to work in the place of James Given. Some one asked 
the stranger what Given was to pay him for the day's work, he replied 
seventy-five cents ; he was told that if he had not made a bargain that 
he would try to pay him in town lots ; the man thereupon refused to 
work for fear he would have to take a town lot for his services. 

While Mr. Noble was managing his brother's farm, on one occasion 
he was burning brush, and consequently looked pretty black and dirty ; 
a man approached him and wished to know if that was Governor Noble's 
farm ; being answered in the affirmative, the man said he wished to get 
pasture for some cattle; Mr. Noble commenced telling him the condi- 
tions, when the man asked, "Are you Governor Noble?" "No, "replied 
Mr. Noble, "he is a worse looking man than me;" the man rejoined, 
"The Governor must be in a d — d bad fix." 

In April, 1834, Mr. Noble settled on the Madison State road, ten 
miles south of Indianapolis; for about twenty years thereafter Mr. 
Noble's house was anxiously looked for by the tired and hungry trave- 
lers, who chanced to journey on that almost impassable road, for his 
was certainly one of the best country houses in the State, where beast 
as well as man could get all that could be desired. Speaking of the 
intolerable road reminds me of what I once read, written on a tavera 
register in Franklin : 

"The roads are impassable, 
Hardly jackassable ; 
I think those that travel 'em, 
Should turn out and gravel 'em." 

In 1853 Mr. Noble lost his wife, which he said was all that made 
life worth anything to him. In 1857 he was married to Miss Mary 
Boynton, of Crawfordsville, sister of William H. Boynton, a merchant 
of that place. 

Mr. Noble has been a cultivator of the soil for fifty years, and is 
proud of the appellation of farmer ; he thinks them the salt of the earth, 
and from them comes the wealth of this great republic. He has not 
looked to office for support, but has labored for over half a century to 



SPOFFORD E. TYLER. 



205 



help those that do support the government. Mr. Noble, like his 
beloved brother, Governor Noble, was a Whig of the Henry Clay school^ 
and during the last trouble of our country was for the Union, first, last 
and all the time. 

SPOFFORD E. TYLER. 

Mr. Tyler was born in Worcester county, Massachusetts in 18 16. 
When twenty years of age, in 1836, he emigrated west and came to- 
Indianapolis in November of that year, expecting only to remain until 
spring, but owing to the low state of his finances did not return. For 
the first few years he worked at his trade, that of book binding, with 
Stacy & Williams. He was the first to start a peddling wagon, selling 
blank books and soliciting work for the bindery. This business could 
only be carried on a few months in the year in consequence of the bad 
condition of the roads. When not traveling he worked at his trade. 
In 1842 he formed a partnership with William Day, who was generally 
known as the "great promulgator," or " fifteen draps every fifteen min- 
utes for fifteen days." This firm was known as Day, Tyler & Co., and 
where was manufactured their celebrated blank book, which they adver- 
tised as "combining strength and elasticity with great flexibility of 
backs." The bindery was where Griffith's block now stands, on West 
Washington street. In 1845 they sold their establishment to William 
Sheets & Co. Shortly after this the "bran duster," or "cow killer" 
speculation raged in Indianapolis. He was induced by B. J. Blythe to^ 
invest in this patent. The result was he soon found it necessary to 
resume the book binding business. He then formed a connection in? 
that business with Samuel Delzell, the firm being Delzell & Tyler. 
They furnished blank books and official blanks to nearly all the county 
officers in the State, in which offices their work may yet be seen. 

In 1849 they again sold out to Sheets & Co., the company being our 
well known townsman William Braden. Mr. Tyler then purchased the 
farm of Jacob Smock, near Southport, in Perry township. He now 
resides in the immediate vicinity of Southport. It was generally said 
of Mr. Tyler that he could make music out of any instrument from a 
pawpaw whistle to an organ, or a tin pan to a cow bell. Mr. Tyler was 
the first to organize a brass band in Indianapolis. The money was 
raised by subscription to purchase the instruments, and he was sent to 
Cincinnati to make the purchase. He took passage with Clem Perry in 
his four-horse wagon. After he had been gone some days some skeptic 
started the report that the Yankee had outwitted them, and had 



2o6 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

decamped with their funds. After some three weeks of suspense, Perry, 
with the Yankee and instruments, turned up. It happened to be on 
Sunday ; to wait for Monday was thought to be too long a time to wait 
before testing the quality of the horns. So the tooting commenced forth- 
with. The brass band, Thespian Society and military company, com- 
manded by Captain, now General Thomas A. Morris, were all in opera- 
tion at the same time, and the members of the one generally belonged 
to the other. The Thespians had to confine themselves to Shakspeare's 
plays and Robert Dale Owen's " Pocahontas," and could not play com- 
edy in consequence of Tyler, comedian, belonging to the orchestra. It 
was, however, arranged that the orchestra would try and get along 
while the Thespians were playing the "Golden Farmer." James Jor- 
dan in the cast as "Farmer;" James McCready as "Old Mob;" and 
Tyler as "Jimmy Twitcher." This play was a decided success, and 
drew crowded houses at the hay press building. 

We were members of the same family for several years. If he ever 
had an enemy he was unknown to the writer. In the forty years of my 
acquaintanceship with him I have never heard him speak an unkind word 
of any person. I have never known him to refuse a favor that was in 
his power to grant. I have never met him but that he approached me 
with a smile. Such is Ned Tyler, a respected citizen of 1876. 

REV. THOMAS A. GOODWIN. 

Mr. Goodwin was born in Brookville, Franklin county, Indiana, No- 
vember 2, 1818, thus being one of the earliest settlers of the State. His 
youth was spent on his father's farm, with such common school advan- 
tages as the times afforded. On the opening of Indiana Asbury Uni- 
versity, at Greencastle, he became the first student from abroad, and in 
1840 was in the first class graduated at that institution. He entered the 
Indiana Methodist Conference the same year, and continued in the pas- 
toral work until 1844, when he opened the Madison Female College, in 
which he continued several years. He was subsequently president of 
the Brookville College, resigning the place in 1853, to take charge of 
the Indiana American, a hitherto Whig paper of twenty years standing. 
Mr. Goodwin soon gave it a modified character, making it decidedly 
anti-slavery, before, as yet, there was any Republican party. 

In April, 1857, he appeared, unannounced, with type and press, in 
Indianapolis, continuing the name and intensifying the peculiar features 
of his paper. Being the most prominent anti-slavery paper in the State, 



REV. THOMAS A. GOODWIN. 



207 



and radical on the temperance question, the American soon obtained 
the largest circulation of any paper in the State, always reflecting, as it 
did, most of the peculiar mental traits which constituted the man, a 
character in his time known familiarly, especially in political and news- 
paper circles, as "Parson Goodwin." 

The success of the Republican party proved fatal to the American, 
as it gave rival papers the advantage of public patronage, which the inde- 
pendent character of this paper could not secure, if it had been sought ; 
besides its mission may be said to have ended in the abolition of slavery. 
It was discontinued during the first years of the war, but the editor was 
restive in the quiet of private life, and resumed it in 1870; but the time 
for a weekly of its character had passed and he discontinued after a year 
and a half, so much impaired in health by the labors of the office as to 
be considered a wreck physically. 

But retiring to his farm and giving attention to agriculture in a small 
way, he ultimately recovered good health for a man of his age and 
former sedentary habits. In all these years Mr. Goodwin has continued 
to exercise the offices of a local preacher in the Methodist Episcopal 
church, averaging for twenty years about one hundred sermons a year, 
never receiving in the way of presents or other compensation an average 
of five dollars a year, furnishing his own conveyance and paying his 
own railroad fare all the time. 

Mr. Goodwin devotes most of his time now to his farm, performing 
most of the manual labor himself, gratifying his passion for writing, as 
well as turning an honest penny, by frequent correspondence for the 
papers of his church, east and west. He occasionally puts forth a new 
book or pointed sermon, which attracts attention by the peculiar mode 
of thought and style of writing, the same as gave character to his paper 
in its palmiest days. Notably among these is a book which appeared 
in 1874, entitled "The Mode of Man's Immortality." It soon obtained 
a national notoriety, being a bold attack upon the traditional doctrines 
of the church relating to the future life, and resulted in a trial of the 
author by the church for heresy, which was ultimately abandoned by 
the prosecution without coming to a final decision. Parson Goodwin 
has always proven himself equal to any emergency, either on the ros- 
trum or in the editorial sanctum, and many a conceited, silly wight has 
been vanquished by a single "blast from his bugle-horn" or a para- 
graph from his pen. 
13 



2o8 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

JUDGE ADDISON L. ROACHE. 

Judge Roache was born in Rutherford county, Tennessee, on the 3d 
of November, 18 17. With his father's family he removed to Blooming- 
ton, Indiana in 1828. He was educated in the latter place, graduating 
from the Indiana University in September, 1836, then under the presi- 
dency of the Rev. Andrew Wiley. 

He studied law with General Tighlman A. Howard, at Rockville, 
Parke county, and commenced the practice of his profession at Frank- 
fort, Clinton county. He spent the summer and autumn of 1841 trav- 
eling through the then far west. He returned to Rockville and resumed 
the practice of law in January, 1842. In June of the same year he was 
married to Miss Emily A. Wedding. 

In 1847 he was elected to the Legislature from Parke county, and 
served one term. In the fall of 1852 he was elected judge of the Su- 
preme Court of the State, and continued on the bench until 1854, when 
he resigned. 

In April, 1859, he removed to Indianapolis and commenced the prac- 
tice of law in connection with the Hon. Joseph E. McDonald ; the firm 
continued for ten years. He then retired from practice in consequence 
of failing health, since which time he has not been engaged in very act- 
ive business. He is at the present time agent for Indiana, and general 
manager for the New York Mercantile Trust Company. 

During Judge Roache's seventeen years residence in Indianapolis he 
has made many friends both as a lawyer and a citizen. He, in connec- 
tion with his late law partner, Joseph E. McDonald, have added to the 
city by the erection of a beautiful business block on Pennsylvania street 
near Washington. 

Since he came to Indianapolis Mr. Roache, with all his business suc- 
cess, has not been without sore affliction. A few years ago he lost, by 
death, a promising son who had but just commenced the practice of law. 

JOHN M. LORD 

Was born in Addison county, Vermont, on the 15th of March, 18 15, 
and was educated in the common and select schools of his native 
county, and those of Saint Lawrence county, New York. 

He was raised on a farm and inured to farm labor, until he was 
seventeen years of age ; he then apprenticed himself to learn the trade 
of a carpenter, faithfully fulfilling his engagement for four years with 



JOHN M. LORD. 209 

his employer ; he then worked at the business an additional year, during 
which time he discovered he had made a mistake in the choice of a 
profession ; he then engaged in mercantile pursuits, which he followed 
for several years, during which time his name was entered as a law 
student in the clerk's office of the northern district of New York. 

In April, 1844, he came to Madison, Indiana, and commenced the 
study of law in the office of Judge Jeremiah Sullivan, and continued 
until the commencent of the Mexican war, at which time he enlisted as 
a private in company A, 3d regiment Indiana volunteers, under Colonel 
James H. Lane, but before the regiment left for the seat of war he was 
promoted, at New Albany, to second lieutenant. After serving for one 
year, the time for which he enlisted, came home and re-enlisted in the 
5th Indiana regiment, under the same colonel, and served as adjutant 
of the regiment until the close of the war. 

Returning to Madison again he resumed the study of law in the 
office of ex-Governor William Hendricks, and was admitted to practice, 
together with William Parker Hendricks, son of his preceptor, at the 
Jefferson county bar, by Judge Courtland Gushing. 

On the 14th of September, 1848, Mr. Lord was married to Miss 
Margaret A., daughter of the late Hon. John Pugh, of Madison, Indiana. 

He was principal clerk of the House of Representatives during the 
session of 1849-50. At the session of 1852-53 was elected agent of 
State, and located in the city of New York, where the business of his 
office was transacted until 1858, when the time for which he was elected 
expired. He then became a citizen of Indianapolis. He was elected 
and continued president of the Indianapolis Rolling Mill for fifteen 
years. He was the first man to introduce the Indiana block coal for 
manufacturing iron. 

In 1866 was nominated by the Democrats for Gongress in the Indi- 
anapolis district. There being a large Republican majority in the district, 
he was doomed to defeat, although he made a thorough and energetic 
canvass, and kept his honorable opponent engaged pretty much all the 
time. 

During the fifteen years of Mr. Lord's presidency the rolling mill 
did an immense business in the manufacture of railroad iron, and is 
now in a flourishing and prosperous condition, with more work offering 
than they can possibly do. Since his retirement from the presidency of 
the rolling mill, he has been largely engaged in the real estate, stock 
and exchange business. 

As a business man Mr. Lord is very reliable, and consequently 



2IO SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

popular. He is genial and social without a seeming effort to be so. 
These qualities are inherent, and it required no effort to be so with 
those with whom he has intercourse. 



AARON McCRAY. 

Mr, McCray is a native Hoosier, born near Connersville, Fayette 
county, on the 28th of October, 1820, thence with his father's family to 
Marion county in the fall of 1833. Here he received such an education 
. as could be procured in the common country schools. 

In 1846 he was married to Miss Caroline, daughter of William 
Bridgeford, one of the staunch farmers of the county. He owns and 
lives on his father's homestead, four miles northwest of the city, on the 
Crawfordsville road, to which he has added over five hundred acres 
since he became sole owner. 

He served as trustee for Wayne township for several years, then six 
years as county commissioner, and as such was one of the projectors of 
the present Court House, which is a monument to his good judgment 
and liberality in erecting public buildings. He was also instrumental 
in the erection of the county asylum for the poor and unfortunate. He 
favored the erection of the free iron bridges with which the county 
abounds. Mr. McCray is considered one of the shrewdest business 
men among the farming community, but liberal and accommodating. 
Although verging on three score years he is yet young looking ; his 
person is large though not corpulent, dark hair, eyes and complexion, 
and what women call good-looking, cheerful and hopeful in disposition, 
and meets his friends with a smile and pleasant word. 



WILLIAM W. WEAVER. 

Mr. Weaver was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the 14th of 
July, 1808, and there learned the cabinet making business. In 1829 
removed to Cumberland, Maryland, and engaged in his business, and 
was burned out the same year. With his wife and two children came 
to Indianapolis in 1836, and for some years worked at his trade with 
Espy & Sloan. After the death of Fleming T. Luse he bought out his 
estabhshment and continued the cabinet and undertaking business on 
Washington street between Illinois and Tennessee. At the time Mr. 
Weaver bought out this establishment it was not customary to keep 



DR. DANDRIDGE H. OLIVER. 211 

ready-made coffins on hand, but they were always made after the death of 
the person for whom they were intended. It was a very common occur- 
ence to see a countryman riding through the streets with a cornstalk as 
a measure, inquiring where he could get a good and genteel coffin for 
the least price, the article to be paid for in country produce. They 
were invariably directed to Mr. Weaver. If the article was not so fine 
as the silver mounted ones of the present day, they were generally 
acceptable to the occupant, for 

" What the eye does not see, the heart will not grieve after." 

For some years Mr. Weaver was associated with Charles Williams 
in the same business. This establishment was the first to introduce in 
the city the elegant two-horse hearse of the present day, and to furnish 
carriages for funerals. 

Mr. Weaver buried in Greenlawn Cemetery during the war fifteen 
hundred and seventy-five Confederate prisoners, and since the war has 
removed from Greenlawn to Crown Hill seven hundred and five bodies 
of Union soldiers. Mr. Weaver now not only keeps ready-made coffins 
of every style, from the common poplar to those of the finest grade, 
but all kinds of dresses for the dead ; indeed, in his establishment 

"Coffins stand 'round, like open presses, 
That show the dead in their last dresses." 

It is certainly some consolation and will ameliorate the pangs of 
death to know that we will be taken care of by the genial and clever 
W. W. Weaver. 

DR. DANDRIDGE H. OLIVER 

Was born in Henry county, Kentucky, and with his father and family 
he became a resident of Perry township, in this county, in 1835. 

In 1848 his father, John H. Oliver, removed to Montgomery county, 
and there died in 1859. 

Dr. Oliver is a graduate of the Louisville Medical College, and is 
now one of the practicing physicians of this city. His iirst wife was 
the daughter and only child of Judge Eliakim Hardin, one of the pio- 
neers who came to this place in the spring of 1820, and was an associate 
judge in the first court held in this city. 

Dr. Oliver is a man of fine personal appearance, courteous and 
gentlemanly in his intercourse with his friends and those he has busi- 



212 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

ness with, and never fails to make a favorable impression upon the 
minds of those he becomes acquainted with. 

He was elected one of the Senators to the State Legislature in 1872, 
and served two regular and two extra sessions. 

JOHN JACOB REISNER. 

This worthy Prussian was a native of the city of Worms, born in 
the year 1789. His father was one of the council of thirteen by which 
that city was governed, it being independent of all other governments. 
When the city was captured by Napoleon the council refused to sur- 
render, claiming for the city non-allegiance to any other power. Their 
property was confiscated, and the subject of this sketch conscripted, 
and was with Napoleon in all the prominent battles of the Spanish, 
Austrian and Russian campaigns. He was in the dreadful battle of the 
Danube, of Epling, where thousands of men were slain, among them 
James, Duke of Montebello. He was at the victory of Raap, the 
battle of Wagram, where twelve hundred cannon carried devastation to 
both armies ; was at Austerlitz where the opposing army lost thirty 
thousand killed, and Napoleon lost twelve thousand, making in the 
aggregate forty-two thousand slain upon that bloody field, besides sev- 
eral thousand that perished in the retreating army by the giving away 
of the ice upon a small lake they had to cross. It was on the morning 
of this battle that Napoleon called the attention of one of his Marshals 
to the sun, exclaiming "How bright is the sun of Austerlitz; before 
to-morrow's sun shall set that army will be mine." Mr. Reisner heard 
the Emperor's proclamation to his soldiers upon the eve of the battle 
on the plains of Moscow, in which he said, " The battle is now at hand 
for which we have longed ; acquit yourselves as you did at Austerlitz, 
at Friedland, at Smolenisko, and let posterity, the most remote, refer 
with pride to your deeds of this day ; let men say of each of you when 
they behold you, he was at the great battle upon the Plains of Moscow." 
Was present in September, 18 12, and saw the great conflagration of 
Moscow, which had been evacuated, not only by the Russian army but 
by the inhabitants ; he there witnessed the great destruction of the finest 
of property. A starving soldier, after the pillage of the city he ate 
mule meat off of a silver plate ; he suffered all the privations of the 
retreat of that army, five hundred thousand strong when they entered 
Moscow, returned with but twenty thousand ; he witnessed soldiers fall 
dead from their horses from starvation and fatigue. 



JOHN JACOB R EISNER. 213 

During the retreat, the mess to which Mr. Reisner belonged, pro- 
cured a few potatoes, concealed them during the day and by arrangement 
among themselves were to cook them at one o'clock at night after the 
soldiers had retired, to prevent the soldiers taking them" from them. 

Napoleon being on the lookout, discovered the light in the tent. 
Wrapped in a large cloak, and otherwise disguised, he entered their tent 
and demanded a portion of the potatoes ; they refused to share their 
spoils with him ; he then told them if they did not he would bring in 
other soldiers and take them all. Seeing the probability of losing all, 
they then gave him a few provided he would sit down and keep still ; he 
cheerfully obeyed, and when his position was given him he threw back 
his mantle from his shoulders and made himself known. Of the five 
hundred conscripted soldiers that left Worms with Mr. Reisner, but one 
beside himself returned. 

One of Napoleon's Imperial Guards being in conflict of death with 
a British officer. Napoleon seeing the danger called out if he had a man 
that could rescue the guard. Mr. Reisner having a fleet horse flew to 
the rescue and saved the guard by slaying his antagonist. For this 
daring act he received from the French government a pension of sixty 
dollars a year. In 18 17 he landed in the United States after six months 
"life on the ocean wave," suffered all the hardships incident to a sea 
voyage, was for some time out of provisions, and but for a piratical 
vessel that captured them would have perished; but when the pirates 
found out their condition they supplied their wants until they should 
reach land. 

Mr. Reisner came to Indianapolis in 1836. He was well known to 
the members of the Roberts Chapel Methodist church, of which he 
was a worthy and exemplary member. He considered the teaching of 
honesty and industry the most valuable legacy he could give his children. 
He has two sons living in this vicinity. One has been for several years 
superintending the farming interest of Mr. Nicholas McCarty; the other 
is connected with W. R. Hogshire in the boot and shoe business. 

He has entered in conflict with the last enemy, and fought his last 
battle, and now sleeps in one of the city cemeteries, having died in 
1866, at the advanced age of seventy seven. 

"Nut a soldier discharged his farewell shot 
O'er the grave where our hero was buried." 



214 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



JOHN E. FOUDRAY 



Was born in Champaign county, near Urbana, Ohio, on the 12th of 
March, 18 17. With his father's family he came to Indianapolis in the 
fall of 1834. His father's family consisted of five persons, all of whom 
are now dead except the subject of this sketch. 

Mr. Foudray was married on the 8th of May, 1838, to Miss Adelia 
Green, of this city. He has been engaged in the mercantile business 
for several years. He was sherifT of the county, and then engaged with 
Mr. John M. Wood in the livery business and farming. During the re- 
bellion they furnished a large number of horses and mules to the gov- 
ernment. They own jointly some valuable city and county property, as 
well as each of them owns valuable private property. 

Although Mr. Foudray is on the shady side of sixty, he is yet as vi- 
vacious, and enjoys a joke as much as when I first knew him, over fifty 
years ago. He is, perhaps, as well and favorably known as any man 
in the city or county. Mr. Foudray is cordial and simple in his man- 
ners, and the pressure of his hand makes friends even with strangers. 

JUDGE SAMUEL E. PERKINS 

Was a native of Vermont, born in Krattleborough on the 6th of De- 
cember, 181 1. His father and mother (whose maiden name was Wil- 
lard) were natives of Hartford, Connecticut. The following sketch of 
Judge Perkins was written by a gentleman in 1857, who was well ac- 
quainted with him from the time he became a citizen of Indiana, and 
was published at the time in most of the Democratic papers of the 
State : 

"In our long acquaintance with him we have learned his history. 
Left without parents or property before he was five years of age, he 
was adopted into the family of William Baker, a respectable farmer of 
Conway, Massachusetts, with whom he lived and labored until he ar- 
rived at the age of twenty-one. In this time, by the aid of three months' 
annual schooling in the free schools of the State during the winters, and 
by devoting rainy days and evenings to books, he secured to himself a 
good English education, and commenced the study of the dead lan- 
guages. After he had attained his majority he pursued his studies in 
different schools, working mornings, evenings and Saturdays to pay his 
board, and occasionally a quarter in vacation to raise money for tuition 
and clothing. The last year of this course of studies was spent at the 



JUDGE SAMUEL E. PERKINS. 21 S 

Yates County Academy, New York, then under the presidency of Sey- 
mour B. Gookins, brother of Judge Gookins, late of Terre Haute, In- 
diana. Having obtained a fair classical education, he commenced the 
study of law in Penn Yan, the county seat of Yates county, which 
he pursued a part of the time in the office of Thomas J. Nevins, Esq., 
and a part of the time (a fellow student with Judge Brinkerhoff, now 
of the supreme bench of Ohio) in the office of Henry Welles, Esq., 
since one of the judges of the Supreme Court of New York, living in 
their families and writing in their offices for his board and tuition. In 
the fall of 1836 he came alone on foot from the State of New York to 
Indiana, a stranger in a strange land, not being acquainted with a sin- 
gle individual in the State. His first winter in the State he spent in 
close reading in the office of Judge Borden, then of Richmond, Indiana. 

" In the spring of 1837 he was for the first time admitted to the bar, 
at Centerville, Wayne county, Indiana. He then opened an office in 
Richmond, being in debt for his winter's board ; at the same time he 
commenced editing the Jeffersonian, which paper had just been estab- 
lished by a Democratic club. He soon obtained a large and lucrative 
practice at the bar, where he came immediately in contact with such 
lawyers as Messrs. Newman, Test, Parker and Caleb B. Smith. In 1838 
the Jeffersonian was sold to Lynde Elliott, who conducted it about a 
year and then failed ; he had mortgaged the press to Daniel Reed, of 
Fort Wayne, for more than its value. Mr. Reed visited Richmond 
after Elliott's failure for the purpose of removing the press to Fort 
Wayne. Unwilling that the Democracy of that place should be with- 
out an organ. Judge Perkins came forwai'd and paid off the mortgage, 
took the press, recommenced the publication of the Jeffersonian, and 
continued it through the campaign of 1840; in the meantime he labor- 
iously devoted himself to his extensive practice. 

"In 1843 he was appointed by Governor Whitcomb prosecuting attor- 
ney for that judicial circuit, and in 1844 he was one of the electors who 
gave the vote of the State to Mr. Polk. In the winter of 1844, without 
any agency on his part, he was nominated by Governor Whitcomb — a 
cautious man and good judge of character — to a seat on the Supreme 
bench; he was not confirmed. In the winter of 1845 he was again 
nominated by Governor Whitcomb, and not confirmed. On the ad- 
journment of the Legislature of that year, and quite unexpectedly to 
himself, he received from the Governor the appointment for one year to 
the office to which he had been nominated. He was then thirty-four 
years of age, and had been a resident of the State nine years. With 



2i6 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

much reluctance he accepted the appointment, having to risk the re- 
election of Governor Whitcomb for a re-nomination to the Senate of the 
following year. Governor Whitcomb was re-elected and Judge Perkins, 
after having served on the bench one year, was renominated and con- 
firmed by the Senate, receiving a two-thirds vote ; seven Whigs voting 
for him." 

In addition to the labors of Judge Perkins on the Supreme bench of 
the State in 1858, he prepared the Indiana Digest, a work containing 
over eight hundred pages, and requiring great labor in arranging it for 
the press, and requiring the deepest research into the statutes of the 
State and the decisions of the courts. This work received the com- 
mendations of the entire Indiana bar. 

In 1859 he prepared a book known as the Indiana Practice. This 
was in size similar to the Digest, and was also well received throughout 
the State. In 1857 he received the appointment of professor of law in 
the Northwestern Christian University, which duties he performed in 
addition to his duties as judge of the Supreme Court of the State, hav- 
ing been elected in 1852 and 1858 by the people, as provided by the 
new constitution of Indiana. On political as well as legal subjects the 
judge is a forcible writer. His eulogy in i860, in the United States 
District Court, upon the life and public services of the late Governor 
Ashbel P. Willard, was one of the happiest efforts of the judge, and 
showed his familiarity with the lives of our public men. 

Oliver H. Smith, in his Early Trials, says: "Judge Perkins went 
upon the bench when quite a young man, and was but little known be- 
yond his Richmond locality as a lawyer. I had seen him a few times, 
but had no special acquaintance with him. He was, however, well and 
intimately known to Governor Whitcomb, from whom he received his 
first appointment. The judge brought to the bench a sound discrimin- 
ating mind, untiring energy, industry and strict integrity. His charac- 
ter as a judge was moulded very much like those of Judges Blackford 
and Dewey, with whom he was first associated. His close application 
and great research into authorities soon placed him high on the bench, 
where he has continued his labor since he took his seat with an ardor 
and laudable ambition that has proved almost too much for his feeble 
constitution. Many of his opinions will be found in our reports. It is 
not my purpose to approve or disapprove of the decisions of the Su- 
preme Court ; they are reported and speak for themselves. It is, how- 
ever, proper that I should remark that the immense docket, with the 
change of the practice act, breaking down all the old landmarks between 



HON. HORATIO C. NEWCOMB. 217 

common law and equity, and repudiating the forms of pleading with 
which the courts were familiar, have made the labors and difficulties of 
the judges of the Supreme Court a hundred- fold greater at this' day than 
they were under the old settled practice, when the court could look to 
precedents for their decisions." 

For several years Judge Perkins has been one of the judges of the 
Superior Court of Marion county, where his decisions have given gen- 
eral satisfaction to the bar as well as the public at large. In 1876 he 
was nominated by the Democratic party as one of the judges of the Su- 
preme Court, and was elected to that office while holding the office of 
judge of the Superior Court, which position he resigned to occupy the 
former. It will be seen that Judge Perkins has been upon the bench 
almost constantly since 1845. He has been married twice, first in 1838, 
again in in 1856, each time to a daughter of Joseph Pyle, late of Rich- 
mond, Indiana, and formerly of Philadelphia. He has a family of two 
children. 

Judge Perkins is rather below the medium size, dark hair, with a 
quick, elastic step. He would scarcely be taken for more than fifty 
years of age. He is bland and genial in manners, with a smile and 
kind word for all, a frown for none. His early adversity learned him to 
feel for all those who are in similar circumstances, and he is ever willing 
to lend them a helping hand. Such is Judge Samuel E. Perkins one of 
the old residents of Indianapolis. 

HON. HORATIO C. NEWCOMB 

Was born at Wellsborough, Tioga county, Pennsylvania, December 20, 
1821; removed to Vernon, Indiana, in June, 1833, from Cortland 
county. New York. Had no educational facilities beyond the common 
schools of that period. In 1836 became an apprentice to the trade of 
saddle and harness maker, but after working at it for two and a half years 
he was compelled by ill health to abandon the shop for a time, with the 
expectation of resuming and finishing the trade. Circumstances, however, 
turned his thoughts in a different direction, and in 1841 he commenced 
the study of law under the instructions of his uncle, the Hon. Wm. C. 
Bullock, who was the first lawyer to open an office in Jennings county. 
In January, 1844, Mr. Newcomb was licensed under the statute requir- 
ing a prior examination by two circuit judges. He practiced law in 
Vernon until December, 1846, when he removed to Indianapolis and 
became a partner with Ovid Butler, Esq., who for several years had done 



2i8 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

a large legal business with Calvin Fletcher, and later with Wm. Fletcher 
and Simon Yandes, Esq. 

In 1849 Mr. Newcomb was elected mayor of Indianapolis and re- 
elected in 185 I. After holding the office six months under his second 
election he resigned it and devoted his time exclusively to his profession. 

At the October election, 1854, was elected representative from 
Marion county to the General Assembly. In i860 was elected to the 
Senate, resigned in 1861 and was appointed, by Governor Morton, 
president of the Board of Commissioners of the Sinking Fund, holding 
the position until the election of a successor by the Legislature in 1863. 
In the month of June, 1864, Mr. Newcomb became the political editor 
of the Indianapolis Daily Journal and continued to act in that capacity 
until December, 1868. During that period he was twice elected to the 
General Assembly as one of the representatives from Marion county. 
At the regular and special sessions of 1865 he was chairman of the 
committee on judiciary, and at the session of 1867 was chairman of the 
committee of ways and means. During these sessions, the thirteenth 
and fourteenth amendments to the constitution of the United States 
were ratified by the Legislature of Indiana, and both those great 
measures had Mr. Newcomb's hearty support. 

After retiring from the Journal Mr. Newcomb resumed the practice 
of the law, and pursued it successfully until the organization of the 
Superior Court of Marion county, of which court he was, by Governor 
Baker, appointed one of the three judges March i, 1871, his associates 
being Hon. Solomon Blair and Hon. Frederick Rand. The term under 
this appointment expired in October, 1874, when he was reelected by 
the people for the full term of four years, his name being placed upon 
the tickets of both the Republican and Democratic parties, as was also 
that of his associate, Hon. Samuel E. Perkins, who had previously been 
appointed to succeed Judge Rand, resigned. 

A few days after receiving his appointment as judge, Mr. Newcomb 
was nominated by President Grant, and confirmed by the Senate, as 
Assistant Secretary of the Interior, but on mature reflection he declined 
this appointment, preferring the quiet but dignified position of judge of 
the most important nisi pfius court of his own State, to the hurley 
burley of political life at Washington. Judge Newcomb has recently 
been nominated by two State conventions, Independant and Republican, 
as candidate for Judge of the Supreme Court of Indiana. 

Since 1847 he has been a member of the Presbyterian church, was 
one of the original members of the Third church of this city, which 



SOLOMON BLATR. 



219 



was organized in 1851, and has been one of the ruling elders from the 
date of its organization. 

As a lawyer Judge Newcomb stands high, as a judge pre eminently 
so ; as evidence of the fact but few appeals are taken from his decisions. 
I have frequently heard members of the Indianapolis bar regret his 
intention to leave the Superior Court bench. Both his collegues, Judges 
Blair and Perkins, are able and talented jurists, and I doubt very much 
if there is in the entire west a court with three as able men. 

SOLOMON BLAIR, 

A judge of the Superior Court of Marion county, was born in Hen- 
dricks county, Indiana, on the 3d day of February, 1829. His father, 
Solomon Blair, and mother, Nancy Blair, were among the earliest set- 
tlers in Hendricks county, having emigrated from North Carolina in 
1820. They settled about two and one half miles south of Plainfield, 
in the then unbroken forest ; there a farm was made, on which they 
continued to reside until the death of the former in 1853. This father 
and mother were members of the Society of Friends, of which society 
the judge has been a life-long member. 

In the spring of 1841, when about twelve years old, became to this 
city and entered the drug store of Craighead & Blair, the latter being 
an older brother, who, on account of failing health, was compelled to 
retire from the firm within a few months of its organization. 

Young Blair continued in the store more than four years, a part of 
the time attending school in the old County Seminary, located on Uni- 
versity square. The school was then taught by the Kempers. He was 
noted as a skillful and competent boy druggist, sometimes entrusted, 
young as he was, with almost the entire business of the drug store for 
a day or two, and always doing the business to the entire satisfaction of 
his employers and their customers. 

About 1845 he abandoned the drug store and returned to his father's 
farm. There his time was spent alternately on the farm, attending a 
saw mill, and at private schools kept up by the Society of Friends. 
Afterwards, for a short time, he attended Friends' boarding school at 
Richmond, Indiana, now Earlham College. He was then compelled to 
leave the school and take charge of a drug store in Plainfield on account 
of the death of an older brother. About the same time he commenced 
reading law while attending to business, and thereafter he attended the 
Ohio State and Union law college, at Cleveland, Ohio, where he gradu- 



220 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

ated, and was admitted to practice in the courts of Ohio, including the 
Supreme Court. He immediately returned to Hendricks county and 
commenced the practice of law. 

In 1853 he was married to Miss Sarah T. Harvey, a sister of Thomas 
B. Harvey, M. D., of this city; she died in 1856. In 1856 he was placed 
upon the first Republican ticket formed in Hendricks county, as a can- 
didate for the State Senate, and was elected at the October election of 
that year. He was again elected from the counties of Hendricks and 
Boone in i860. He thus served in the Senate for eight years, including 
almost the entire period of the war. He was known and appreciated as 
one of the safe members of that body — not addicted to noisy speech- 
making, but an efficient, working member of the Senate and of the vari- 
ous committees on which he served. In 1858 he was married to Miss 
Esther Moore, his present wife. 

In November, 1864, he was appointed by Governor Morton judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas, for the district composed of the counties of 
Hendricks, Marion and Boone, to fill a vacancy occasioned by the elec- 
tion of Judge Ray to the Supreme bench. In October, 1865, he was 
elected to the same position by a popular vote ; and re-elected in Octo- 
ber, 1870 — the counties of Hendricks and Marion then comprising the 
district. 

In 1868 he removed from Hendricks county to this city, where he 
now resides. The business of the courts increasing, it was thought ad- 
visable to organize a new court ; and the bill for the organization of the 
Superior Court of Marion county — with the assistance of some of the 
prominent members of the bar — was prepared by Judge Blair. 

On the organization of that court in March, 1871, by the recom- 
mendation of the bar, he was appointed one of the three judges ; the 
Hon. Frederick Rand and the Hon. Horatio C. Newcomb being the 
other judges. In 1872 he was elected by popular vote to the same 
position. At all the elections, as judge, he received the support of both 
Republicans and Democrats, not being opposed by any candidate, except 
that at the first election as judge of the Court of Common Pleas, the 
Hon. Lewis Jordan, over his protest, was voted for by a portion of his 
party. 

Perhaps no court was ever organized that has more fully met the 
expectations and wants of the public, and disposed of such a large 
amount of important business so promptly and well as has the Superior 
Court during its existence. The labors of Judge Blair upon the bench 
have been excessive, seldom missing a day from his official duties ; and 



WILLIAM H. JONES. 221 

it is safe to say, that during his entire term of service, now almost 
twelve years, no judge has disposed of more causes in the same length 
of time and to greater general satisfaction. In proportion to the num- 
of causes and the important and new questions of law arising in this 
growing commercial center of the state, and the great interests involved, 
but few, if any judges have been more fortunate in having their adjudi- 
cations stand the test of the Supreme Court. 

He has declined a re-election, and at the end of his present term 
will retire from the bench. 

As a judicial officer. Judge Blair has had the confidence of the entire 
Indianapolis bar. As evidence of the fact, but few appeals are taken 
from his decisions to the general term of the court where the three 
Superior judges review each others' opinions that may have been 
appealed. 

As a lawyer, I understand from those familiar with with his practice 
that he stands pre-eminently high, giving his clients the full benefit of 
all the facts in their favor, and giving their interest his entire attention 
for the time being. 

WILLIAM H. JONES. 

Among the leading lumber men and dealers in house building mate- 
rial of the city will be found the person whose name heads this sketchy 
and but few persons can claim so long a residence in Indianapolis. I re- 
member him as a citizen before the town numbered five hundred inhabi- 
tants. 

Mr. Jones was born near Chillicothe, Ross county, Ohio, on the 9th 
of April, 18 19. He came to this place with his father's family in Octo- 
ber, 1823. His father leased from General John Carr, agent of State, 
outlot 89, and during the winter prepared it for cultivation. This is the 
same ground occupied by Coburn & Jones for their extensive lumber 
business. After the death of his mother, which occurred in 1829, Mr. 
Jones was apprenticed to Messrs. J. & B. Draper, to learn the carding 
and fulling business. The machinery of this establishment was pro- 
pelled by ox power, obtained by the animals laboring to reach the top 
of an inclined wheel. He continued to work at this business until July, 
183 1, at which time he went to his uncle, the late James Van Blaricum, 
to learn blacksmithing. He worked continuously at the latter business 
until 1 85 8. He then engaged for a short time in the family grocery 
business. 



222 SKETCHES OF PROMINEiXT CITIZENS. 

In 1 86 1 he engaged with his son-in-law, Mr. Henry Coburn, in the 
lumber trade, and since that time they have been, and yet are, doing a 
thriving business. 

Mr. Jones tells me the first money he ever earned by labor was for 
turning the wheel for Mr. Goudy's rope walk, at twelve and a half cents 
per day. 

He received the rudiments of his education in the same Sunday school 
with the writer ; this was before there were any forty thousand dollar 
school houses in Indianapolis. The last five years he has spent in the 
pine forests of Michigan, purchasing stock for his business in this city. 

On the 1 8th of June, 1840, he was married to Miss Eliza J. Simcox, 
of this place. She is yet his partner in the journey of life. 

Like most of the early settlers of this place, he has had his draw- 
backs in business, but his latter years have been crowned with financial 
success, and he is blessed with a competency for old age. 



JOHN G. BROWN 

Came from Paris, Bourbon county, Kentucky, to this place in 1828. 
He had been used to negro slavery all his life, but was anxious to rid 
himself of the negroes as well as slavery, and for that purpose he eman- 
cipated his entire stock, both old and young. But the negroes did not 
wish to part with Mr. Brown. He was scarcely settled in his new home 
in this city before several families of his former slaves were his nearest 
neighbors. This circumstance speaks volumes in his favor as being a 
kind-hearted man and a Christian, and requires no commendation from 
my pen. 

Mr. Brown was a member of the First Presbyterian church, and 
during his residence in this city the associate of Mr. James Blake and 
James M. Ray in many benevolent and charitable organizations, and 
contributed Hberally of his means for those purposes. He was a man 
of unostentatious piety, unobtrusive and retiring in his manners, and 
enjoyed the confidence and respect of all who knew him. He has been 
dead many years, but his memory still lives fresh in the minds of his 
many friends, and his goodness leaves a fragrance behind. 

He has one son, James Brown, who is a resident of the city, and 
engaged in surveying ; another, Alexander Brown, is a farmer near 
Cairo, Illinois. One daughter resides in New York; another is the 
widow of the late Stephen D. Tomlinson. 



JACOB COX. 223 

JACOB COX. 

I have known this gentleman (more as a citizen and friend than as 
an artist) since he first set foot in this city, in the year 1833. The three 
brothers, Charles, Jacob and David, were eagaged for several years as 
tinners, the two former as proprietors, the latter as a journeyman. 

Mr. Cox had been married but a short time when, with his estimable 
lady, he selected Indianapolis as his permanent home, and has here con- 
tinued to reside since the year above named. He has materially 
changed his business in this time, and is now esteemed as one of the 
most accomplished artists of the day. For his career in this profession 
I would refer the reader to an extract which I clipped from the 
Art Emporium, formerly published in this city. I well remember the 
banner spoken of in that article, which was carried at the head of the 
Indianapolis delegation, known as the " Wild Oats of Indianapolis," 
that attended the convention at Tippecanoe Battle Ground, in the year 
1840. The design was "that same old coon," surrounded by her family 
of four or five little coons. After the canvass of that year this banner 
was presented to the mother of the writer, and is now in the possession 
of Mrs. Samuel H. Patterson, of Jeffersonville. Although I make no 
professions as a connoisseur in the fine arts, I will say Mr. Cox's talent 
in that line can not be too highly appreciated. 

I would not be doing the business I am engaged in, i. e., that of 
giving sketches of character, were I to omit speaking of Mr. Cox's 
worthy wife as an antiquarian, and is no less an artist in that line than 
is her husband in his. She has the most complete assortment of speci- 
mens of antiquity and minerals, and very nearly everything that is odd 
and rare, from all parts of the world, either civilized or uncivilized, 
"from Greenland's icy mountains to India's coral strand, "and she takes 
great pleasure in showing them to her numerous friends when they may 
choose to call upon her. 

The Art Emporium, speaking of Mr. Cox, says: "His history 
affords an excellent illustration of the futility of attempting to swerve a 
person from a strong natural taste or inclination. Born in Philadelphia 
in 1810, Jacob Cox manifested his taste for art when only thirteen years 
of age, and wished to study for an artist, but his friends or family 
thought they knew best what was a fit and profitable calling, and he be- 
came a tinner. In 1833 became to Indianapolis, and engaged in the 
business of a tin and coppersmith, and for the next seven years made 
14 



324 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

no advances toward the adoption of the profession of his choice. In 
1840 the Harrison campaign called into play his artistic talent, by the 
demand for transparency and banner painting. While others daubed 
through political excitement, he worked from love of his work, and 
painted the banner which was carried at the head of the procession to 
the Tippecanoe Battle Ground celebration. 

"For the next two years he worked assiduously at his new found 
and most congenial profession, when, in the autumn of 1842, he went 
to Cincinnati and opened a studio with John Dunn, a young man with 
artistic longings. Cox was fortunate in getting into a good run of busi- 
ness in Cincinnati, painting the portraits of Miles Greenwood, and sev- 
eral other prominent gentlemen, and remained about five months. 
Associating with the prominent artists of the city, he made great im- 
'provement in his art, and when he returned he painted portraits of 
Hon. Oliver H. Smith, Governor Bigger and Governor Wallace. Still 
he did not find painting sufificiently remunerative to justify his retiring 
from the prosaic business of tinning, and he continued an active part- 
ner with his brother, in that business, until about twenty years ago, 
when he withdrew his personal attention entirely from business, and, 
about five years later, sold out his interest exclusively. No artist was 
ever more devoted to his profession than he is, and his works bear evi- 
dence of his genius and industry. Among all who appreciate true 
artistic merit Mr. Cox has a lasting reputation, and many of his pic- 
tures have found purchasers in distant cities." 

JOHN C. S. HARRISON. 

Mr. Harrison was born at Vincennes, Knox county, Indiana, on the 
7th of May, 1829 ; he was a son of Benjamin Harrison, and grandson of 
General William Henry Harrison the first and only Military Governor 
of Indiana Territory, and the hero of the Thames, Fort Meigs, and our 
own battle of Tippecanoe. He was the Whig candidate for President in 
1836, and defeated by Martin Van Buren, and again in 1840 against the 
same opponent, which was the most exciting canvass ever known in the 
history of the country; he was elected by the largest majority that any 
presidental candidate ever received. It was General Harrison who held 
the peace conference with the celebrated Shawanee chief Tecumseh at 
Vincennes, just prior to the battle of Tippecanoe, in which the chief used 
the poetic language so often ascribed to him. When invited by the gen- 
eral to be seated in a chair, he was very indignant, and as he sat down 







Cy((fW^^ M*Q?^Mc 



A/yt*^^Ut^^ 



BISHOP TALBOT. 



227 



on the ground remarked, " The earth is my mother, I will recline upon 
her lap." I have digressed thus far to give this scrap of history of 
Indiana's first governor which should be remembered by every citizen of 
the state. 

Mr. Harrison's grandfather on his mother's side was Mr. David 
Bonner, with whom the writer was well acquainted. Mr. Bonner was a 
prominent merchant of Vincennes; he for several years represented 
Knox county in the State Legislature; he was a man of sterling integrity, 
true piety and Christian virtues. The subject of this sketch should be 
justly proud of the record of his ancestry, and hand it down as an heir- 
loom to his own decendants. 

Mr. Harrison, after receiving a good English education in his native 
town, came to Indianapolis in 1847. When he was in his eighteenth 
year, he engaged with Mr. Alfred Harrison in his retail dry goods store 
as a clerk ; his assiduity to business and pleasant and decorous bearing 
soon won him the confidence of his employer, who received him as a full 
partner in the business. In time they abandoned the mercantile, and 
engaged in the banking business ; the bank being known as " Harrison's 
Bank;" since which time they have done a fair share of the immense 
banking business of the city. While in the mercantile business, he -also 
formed a partnership with the daughter of his business partner, in the 
more responsible and endearing relations of life, matrimony ; his wife 
having died some years since he then married the daughter of Nicholas 
McCarty, Sen., another pioneer merchant of the city. Mr. Harrison 
now resides in one of the fine private residences of the city, on North 
Meridian street, between Michigan and North streets. 

In person, he -is about five feet ten inches in height, a heavy, though 
symmetrical form, dark hair and eyes, with a rather fair complexion, 
the hair slightly tinged with silver shreds, pleasant and affable in man- 
ner; to meet him on the street he would seem to be in a hurry and his 
mind absorbed in business. Mr. Harrison is a fair type of the character 
I proposed writing of in this work, and which is indicated by the title of 
the book, " Prominent Citizens of 1876." 

BISHOP TALBOT. 

Right Rev. Joseph C. Talbot. D. D., LL. D., was born in Alexan- 
dria, Virginia, September 5, 18 16, of Quaker parents, and educated at 
the Alexandria Academy. He removed to the west in 1835, ^"d settled 
at Louisville, Kentucky, where for several years he was engaged in 



228 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

mercantile and banking pursuits. There he first became acquainted 
with the Episcopal church, and was baptized in Christ's church, Louis- 
ville, by the Rev. William Jackson in 1837, and soon after confirmed 
by the Bishop of Kentucky, Right Rev. Dr. Smith. In the same par- 
ish in 1838,' was united to Anna M., only child of Captain Samuel 
Waris, U. S. N. 

In 1843 he became a candidate for holy orders, and was ordained 
deacon by Right Rev. B. B. Smith, D. D., of Kentucky, September, 
1846, and priest September, 1848. 

With his deaconate he commenced work for a third parish in Louis- 
ville, and soon founded and built St. John's church, of which he 
remained the rector for seven years. In January, 1853, he accepted a 
call to Christ church, Indianapolis, where he also continued seven 
years, until his consecration as missionary bishop of the northwest 
February 15, i860. During his rectorship the present beautiful stone 
church was erected for the parish. 

In 1854 he received from the Western University of Pennsylvania 
the honorary degree of D. D., and in 1867 that of LL. D. from the 
University of Cambridge, England. In August, 1865, he was elected 
by a unanimous vote of the convention assistant bishop of Indiana ; 
and in October of that year returned to the diocese in that capacity. 
He was one of the council of Anglican bishops that assembled at Lam- 
beth, England, in 1867. 

Bishop Talbot, at the age of sixty, is in full vigor of life, and bids 
fair for many years of usefulness in the good cause in which he is 
engaged. He is a man of great fertility of thought, with a cheerful 
and hopeful disposition, and is a very engaging speaker, and beloved 
by all who know him. He has charge of all the active duties of the 
diocese of Indiana. We hope he may live until his hair is bleached as 
white in the service as that of his venerable predecessor, good Bishop 
Upfold. After the death of Bishop Upfold he was elected bishop of 
Indiana. 

EX-GOVERNOR CONRAD BAKER. 

It is but seldom that a public man reaches the highest position in the 
gift of the people of his State without the tongue of defamation or vitu- 
peration being hurled at him by his political opponents, especially when 
the passions and prejudices of the people are excited to the utmost ten- 
sion, as was the case during the gubernatorial canvass of 1868, which 
was but a month previous to that of the presidential, when both politi- 



EX-GOVERNOR CONRAD BAKER. 



229 



cal parties were straining every nerve, but such was the fact, that not 
the least charge of private or public misconduct was laid at the door of 
Governor Baker, although he had been the acting chief executive of the 
State for some time. His administration had been characterized as an 
upright, honest and conscientious one, so much so that his honorable 
opponent found nothing to attack but the measures of the party of which 
Governor Baker was the chosen representative. 

Conrad Baker is a native of the Keystone State, born in Franklin 
county on the I2th of February, 1817; was educated at the Pennsyl- 
vania College at Gettysburg ; studied law in the office of Stevens & 
Smyser, the firm consisting of the late Thaddeus Stevens and Judge 
Daniel M. Smyser. He was admitted to the bar in the spring of 1839, 
at Gettysburg, and practiced at that place for two years. 

He emigrated west and settled at Evansville in 1841, where he has 
ever since resided until the office of Governor devolved upon him, in 
January, 1867, by the election of Governor Morton to the Senate of the 
United States, since which time he has resided at Indianapolis. 

He was elected in 1845 to represent Vanderburg county in the Gen- 
eral Assembly, and served one term ; was elected judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas for the district comprising the counties of Warrick and 
Vanderburg in 1852, and served about eighteen months, when he re- 
signed. He was nominated for Lieutenant Governor, without his 
knowledge and without having sought the nomination, by the Republican 
party in 1856, on the ticket which was headed by Oliver P. Morton as 
the candidate for Governor. They were defeated, and Willard and 
Hammond were elected. He was commissioned in 1861 colonel of the 
1st cavalry (28th regiment Indiana volunteers), and served as such for 
over three years. From August, 1861, to April, 1863, he commanded 
either his own regiment or a brigade in the field in Missouri, Arkansas 
and Mississippi. 

In April, 1863, an order from the Secretary of War reached him by 
telegraph at Helena, Arkansas, requiring him to proceed forthwith to 
Indianapolis, Indiana, and report to the Provost Marshal General. He 
obeyed the order, and on his arrival at Indianapolis he received an 
order detailing him to act as Assistant Provost Marshal General for the 
State of Indiana, and as such to organize the Provost Marshal General's 
bureau in this State. 

He performed the duties of Provost Marshal General, superintendent 
of volunteer recruiting and chief mustering officer until August, 1864, 
when his term of military service having expired he was relieved at his 



230 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



own request, and a few weeks afterward he, together with his regiment, 
was mustered out of service. 

The Republican convention, which met in 1864, nominated Gover- 
nor Morton for re-election, and nominated General Nathan Kimball, who 
was in the field, for the office of Lieutenant Governor. General Kimball 
declined the nomination, and thereupon the Republican State central 
committee, without his being a candidate or applicant for the position, 
unanimously tendered him the nomination for Lieutenant Governor. In 
1865 Governor Morton convened the General Assembly in special ses- 
sion, and immediately after the delivery of his message started for Eu- 
rope in quest of health, leaving Governor Baker in charge of the ad- 
ministration of the executive department of the State government. 
Governor Morton was absent for five months, during which time Gover- 
nor Baker performed the duties of Governor. In February, 1867, 
Governor Morton was elected to the Senate of the United States, and 
the duties of Governor devolved upon Governor Baker. 

He was unanimously re-nominated by the Republican convention of 
1868 for Governor, and was elected over the Hon. Thomas A. Hendricks 
(one of the most popular men of the State) by the small majority of 961 
votes. 

This canvass was conducted by those two gentlemen with the best 
of feeling personally toward each other, nothing having occurred to nriar 
the good feeling or the social relations existing between them, each 
party having their ablest exponents of their measures. 

Since Governor Baker retired from the executive chair he has been 
engaged in the practice of law with Messrs. Hord and Hendricks, the 
firm being Baker, Hord & Hendricks. 

JOHN C. NEW 

Is a native of Indiana, born in Jennings county July 6th, "1831. He has 
continued to reside in the State since his birth, with the exception of 
four years spent at college in Virginia, where he graduated, and re- 
ceived his degree in 185 1. 

Upon his return to this city he commenced the study of law in the 
office of Governor David Wallace, and was admitted to the bar in 1852. 

In January, 1853, he accepted the position of principal deputy in 
the county- clerk's office, under William Stewart, and remained as such 
until the death of Mr. Stewart, in November, 1856, when he was ap- 



JOSEPH IV. DAVIS. 231 

pointed to fill the vacancy, and in 1857 was elected for a full term, 
serving until 1861. 

In May, 1862. he was appointed by Governor Morton Quarter- 
master-General of the State, and held the office until the fall of that 
year, when he resigned, having been a member of the Senate from this 
(Marion) county. 

In January, 1865, he was appointed cashier of the First National 
Bank of Indianapolis, which position he held until July, 1875, when he 
was appointed United States Treasurer. 

Mr. New is one among the most enterprising business men of 
Indianapolis, and is possessed of some fine property, both business and 
private, and is considered one of the reliable men of the city ; he is yet 
quite young for one having held so many responsible positions as he 
has. 

He is a gentleman of fine personal appearance and address, genial 
manners, and possessed of a great deal of general information, quick to 
discover the difference between a good or bad bargain when offered 
him. He scorns anything like duplicity or dissimulation in his busi- 
ness transactions, and is quick to discover it in others, which fact quali- 
fies him in an eminent degree for the responsible position he now holds. 
The people of Indianapolis might well be proud to have as citizens "a 
few more of the same sort." 

In 1875 he was tendered by President Grant the position of United 
States Treasurer at Washington, which place, at the earnest solicita- 
tion of friends, he reluctantly accepted. After doing the duties of the 
office to the satisfaction of the public until the 6th of July, 1876, he re- 
signed, and was appointed vice president of the First National Bank. At 
the time of the resignation of Mr. English, as president, he was elected 
to fill the vacancy, and is now performing the laborious duties of the 
office. As a financier Mr. New stands inferior to none. 

JOSEPH W. DAVIS. 

This jolly, good-natured gentleman, as his very appearance indicates, 
has been one of the successful business men of Indianapolis for the last 
eighteen years. 

Mr. Davis is a native of Boston, Massachuseets, but came to Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, when a mere child, and lived there until 1852, when, with 
his family and but little else, he came to this city. 

A short time after his arrival here he was preparing to erect a brass 



232 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



foundry in a densely populated part of the cit}-, but was stopped by the 
common council, as they had made the discovery, or been informed, 
that brass foundries were explosive, and compelled Mr. Davis to seek 
another location. 

Mr. Davis was the first engineer of our steam fire engines, and for 
many years managed them successfully and to the satisfaction of all who 
had property exposed to the devouring element. 

He has represented different wards in the council, made a good and 
efficient member, ever watching the interest of his constituents, and 
ready to expose and put down corruption when and wherever found. 

He has accumulated property, and now ranks as a first-class business 
man, and is universally respected for his urbanity of manners and strict 
honesty and integrity. To Mr. Davis, more than any other man, is the 
city of Indianapolis indebted for the present efficient fire department, 
he having first induced the city council to adopt the steam engines, 
thereby incuring the hatred of the different independant fire companies 
that existed at that time in the city ; they even threatened to duck him 
for his interference with what they thought was their business. 

JOSEPH K. SHARPE. 

When I come to write of such men as the one whose name stands 
at the head of this sketch, and who have by perseverance, industry and 
economy so successfully carved out their own fortune and standing in 
society, I am at a loss for language to convey to the reader a proper 
appreciation of their true worth and merit. 

Mr. Sharpe is a man of fine personal appearance, above the ordinary 
size, and in the prime of life, a smiling and genial countenance, with 
manners pleasing and captivating, and meets his numerous friends with 
a welcome recognition and open hands ; a pleasant word for all that 
either circumstances or business brings him in contact with. 

He was born in Windham county, Connecticut, raised on a farm, 
where he acquired the main-springs to success in life, /. <?., industry and 
economy, without which but few succeed. 

When quite young he sought a home in the great west, his only 
fortune a good constitution, temperate habits, sterling integrity and a 
good education ; with this capital he came to Indianapolis in the year 
1845, although he had lived a while in Illinois and a short time in Ohio. 

Mr. Sharpe came to this plaee for the purpose of settling up the 
business of a boot and shoe establishment belonging to other parties 



JOSEPH K. SHARPE. 233 

than those who were managing it. He was not slow in discovering that 
this was a good point for business ; he purchased the estabhshment, but 
soon sold it to Jacob S. Pratt. Shortly thereafter he commenced the 
leather and shoe-finding business, which he has successfully carried on 
without intermission for about twenty-five years, and is now the oldest 
established house in that line in the city. In connection with his large 
commercial business in the city, he purchased a tannery and large tract 
of land in Monroe county, forty miles south of this place, hauling all 
his hides and leather from and to the city with his own teams, for at 
least ten years, and until railroads were made in that direction, adding 
not a little to our home manufacture and the prosperity of the city. 

At this point he also established a country store, which he has car- 
ried on for more than fifteen years. This would seem to be enough 
business to burthen one mind with, but the steady growth of the central 
business in the city demanded more facilities for supplying the demand 
and production of leather. To m.eet this demand he has added another 
tannery, which is sixty miles north in Grant county. This establisment 
he has carried on several years. Nor is this all ; having been raised on 
a farm and there labored in his boyhood days, gave him the knowledge 
and ability to direct, and a taste for agriculture. 

He has farmed in this county as well as in several other counties in 
the State (some of his farms being over one hundred miles apart), rais- 
ing grain, hogs and cattle in large quantities for this market. All this 
business he has managed in adddition to his city business, without even 
apparently losing his equanimity, and its management and success are 
the natural consequence of great administrative talent and ability. He 
owns some fine business property as well as one of the fine residences 
of the city, the home of his family. 

It is a commonly received opinion that men who carve out their own 
fortunes become penurious, but it is the reverse in this case. He has 
ever been liberal to the poor, donating largely for the erection of 
churches and for all charitable and benevolent purposes. 

Mr. Sharpe is a member of the Fourth Presbyterian church, one of 
its trustees and principal supporters. 

His good fortune and success have not been confined alone to busi- 
ness; he has been equally so in his domestic relations. He came to this 
place a single as well as a young man, but soon found one with whom 
he was willing to join in a lifetime partnership in the person of Miss Gray- 
don, daughter of the late Alexander Graydon, one of our most estimable 



234 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT' CITIZENS. 



citizens. In this partnership I understand Mr. Sharpe found his coun- 
terpart in many respects. 

He has for years been the leader of the choir, assisted by his wife, in 
the church of which they are both acceptable members. 

I have noted this case more particularly than most others I have 
written of that it may be a stimulus to other young men " to go and 
do likewise." Verily " honesty and virtue have their reward." 

The above sketch was written and published in another work seven 
years ago. I can't see where I can add or take from it one word further 
than to say that Mr. Sharpe is yet one of the active business men of 
the city, content to mind his own business and let others do the same. 

SAMUEL BECK 

Is one of the staid and substantial citizens of Indianapolis, and one that 
deserves to be, and is, respected by all who know him for his plain, 
unassuming manner, his strict integrity and upright walk in life. He is 
a strict and consistent member of the Methodist church and a Christian 
in the true sense of the word, being governed in his intercourse with his 
neighbors and fellow-men as near as he can by the golden rule. 

I heard an incident of him the other day that illustrates his true 
character. A friend of his whose only fault had been that of drinking 
to excess, through the influence of Mr. Beck was induced to join the 
church, and for nearly a year had been an attentive member, and had 
lived up to its rules; but in an evil hour was induced to drink, and fell 
from grace in that respect. Mr. Beck, hearing of it, instead of inform- 
ing the controlling powers of the church, sought out his friend and by 
his persuasive powers induced him to resume his duties to the church as 
though nothing had happened. Are not such acts more Christian-like 
than to have him exposed and turned out of the church, and, perhaps, 
seal his fate for life ? Such, however, is the writer's view. 

Mr. Beck has worked at the gunsmith business very near, if not 
quite, the entire forty-four years he has been a citizen of this city, and is 
yet as industrious and assiduous to his duties as when I first knew 
him, and at this writing has been longer in the same business than any 
other person in the city. 

Mr. Beck is a native of Pennsylvania, but at an early day came to 
Connersville, Fayette county, and there resided until his removal to this 
place in the year 1833. Although he has passed the meridian of Hfe he 
bids fair to live many years, which, if he does, no doubt, as the past have 



/AMES C. YOHN. 235 

been, will be devoted to doing good, and usefulness to the cause of 
humanity. He is engaged in business in connection with his son. 
Mrs. Beck died on the fourteenth of September, 1877. 

DOCTOR JOHN M. GASTON, 

One of the prominent physicians of Indianapolis, is a native of Penn- 
sylvania, but, when quite young, came with his father to Indiana, and 
settled in Hancock county. His first residence in this city, for a short 
time only, was in 1833. About the year 1838 he returned and com- 
menced the study of medicine with Doctors Sanders and Parry. After 
finishing his studies and attending the lectures, he entered upon the 
practice of his profession in this place, and has contir;ued it since that 
time. Although it is said that a "prophet is not without honor save 
in his own country," the doctor's success has proved that it is different 
with physicians, as he has ever had an extensive practice. He has 
gradually worked his way up the ladder until he is now near the top 
round, and stands high in his profession. 

Hiram Gaston, his brother, made the first buggy ever made in Indi- 
anapolis, in 1833. Some years afterwards Edward and Hiram Gaston 
commenced the manufacture of carriages of all kinds, and successfully 
continued until the death of the latter in October, i8'66. Edward 
is yet working at the business in this city. There were no finer car- 
riages manufactured than at the shop of the Gastons. 

A few years since the doctor met with an accident which will proba- 
bly disable him for life. While walking in one of the most public 
thoroughfares of the city, he fell and broke his leg ; he will scarcely 
ever be ible to walk without the use of a crutch. This to the doctor 
was a sure affliction, as he has ever been a man of active habits. 



JAMES C. YOHN. 

• Shakespeare, or some other speare, once wrote something like this, 
that there " is a tide in the affairs of men which, if taken at the flood, 
leads on to fortune. " Mr. Yohn must have fallen into that tide, as he 
has floated gently on until he has reached the port spoken of by the 
distinguished writer. 

James C. Yohn, with his mother, two sisters and a batchelor uncle 
(James Gore), came to this place from Baltimore county, Maryland, in 
November, 1834. The elder sister was soon married to a Mr. Walker, 



236 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

then of Danville, Illinois, afterwards a United States Senator from the 
State of Wisconsin. The younger sister died in this place several years 
since, unmarried. 

Mr. Yohn, when but a mere boy, engaged as store-boy, then as 
clerk, with one of the leading merchants of this place, afterwards a 
partner, and finally engaged in the mercantile business on his own ac- 
count, and was a successful merchant, and in the meantime he was mar- 
ried to a daughter of Hiram Brown, a distinguished attorney of this 
place. 

During the war he was appointed a paymaster in the United States 
service., with the rank of major. This position was uncongenial to his 
feelings, and he resigned sometime before his services were not re- 
quired. 

He owns some fine private as well as business property in the city. 
The elegant block, known by his name, on the corner of Washington 
and Meridian streets, he built and owns. He is considered a good man, 
upright and punctual in all his dealings, and remarkably quiet and re- 
tiring in his habits. He has been a consistent member of the Metho- 
dist church since his boyhood. 

T. R. FLETCHER 

Came to Indianapolis a boy in July, 1836, and engaged as a clerk in the 
dry goods store of Fletcher & Bradley. After the dissolution of part- 
nership of this firm, his uncle, Stoughton A. Fletcher, being the succes- 
sor, he continued with him as clerk, and then as partner, for several 
years, and since some time with his uncle in the banking business. He 
was successful in the accumulation of money while he was with his 
un cle, and made this city his home. 

He left this place some few years since. For awhile he resided at 
Chicago. 

About the year 1845 the name of Dick Fletcher, as well as that of 
Horace Fletcher, William Stewart, Ben and Henry Horn, was as famil- 
iar as household words to the people of Indianapolis. 

Mr. Fletcher was considered a first-class business man, and possessed 
niore than ordinary financial ability, and with his strict integrity won the 
confidence and respect of all who knew him. 

He now resides in the vicinity of his birth-place, in Vermont. 



CHARLES ORMES. 23? 

CHARLES MAYER. 

Who is it that has lived in Indianapolis for the last forty years but 
knows Charlie Mayer? What stranger that visited the place with the 
intention of purchasing something for the little ones at home, but has 
been referred to him ? 

Among the juvenile portion of this city, for the time above referred 
to, when they received a present of a dime or a quarter, the first name 
in their mouth would be Charlie Mayer. 

He started with a few dozen ginger cakes, a jar or two of candy and 
a keg of beer, and, as his capital would permit, he would add a few toys, 
until now he has one of the largest establishments of the kind in the 
west, and I doubt if a more general assortment than he keeps can be 
found in the Union. In his store is found everything that either fancy 
or necessity might desire. His store extends from the street to the 
alley, one hundred and ninety-five feet, four stories high, and is crowded 
with goods from cellar to attic. He employs seven or eight clerks, and 
he tells me that it keeps him busy to do the correspondence of the es- 
tablishment. 

Charlie is a native of Wurtemburg, one of the German States, and 
brought to this country with him that perseverance and industry pecu- 
liar to his countrymen. In him we have an illustration of what sterling 
integrity, business habits and industry will accomplish. He is now one 
of the wealthy men of Indianapolis. 

" Nothing is difficult beneath the sky, 
Man only fails because he fails to try." 

Mr. Mayer has spent a considerable portion of his time for the past 
five years in his native land, and at this writing has just returned and en- 
gaged in superintending his immense business. 

CHARLES ORMES. 

Among the prominent][and well known farmers of Marion county is 
Charles Ormes. He was born in Lewis county, Kentucky, in Decem- 
ber, 1819; with his father, the late Moses Ormes, came to Marion 
county, Indiana, in the fall of 1828, and settled seven miles south of 
the city on the Three Notch road. 

Mr. Ormes now owns a large farm and lives one mile west of his 
father's old homestead on the Bluff road, part of which is the old Alcan 



238 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



farm. He has been engaged to a considerable extent in milling. After 
that he had several threshing machines, and took wheat for his work. 
His accumulation of wheat in this way and on his farm reached ten 
thousand bushels, during the rebellion, which he refused to sell until he 
obtained three dollars and fifty cents per bushel. 

Mr. Ormes is an energetic business man, as well as a first-class 
farmer, always driving his work instead of his work driving him. The 
writer has known him from his boyhood. 

COLONEL GEORGE W. PARKER 

Was born at Cane Ridge, Bourbon county, Kentucky, in 1827; came to 
Marion county in 1836. Mr. Parker tells me that the only education 
he ever received was such as could be "grabbed " in the common log 
school house of the neighborhood. He was married in 1844 to Miss 
Margaret Clark, daughter of Joseph Clark, one of the first settlers in 
the eastern part of the county. 

He volunteered and served during the war in the 79th Indiana regi- 
ment, first as captain, major, and last as colonel of the regiment. Colo- 
nel Parker was wounded at Chickamauga, also in front of Atlanta ; he 
led the charge at the crossing of Peach Tree creek that brought on the 
great battle at that point. I have been told by persons who were present 
that he was the first man across the creek. 

Colonel Parker was a farmer until 1866, when he was elected sheriff 
and removed to the city. During the real estate excitement in this 
place, he traded largely and yet owns valuable suburban property ; he 
built and yet owns a valuable business block on North Delaware street, 
opposite the Court House. 

It is but simple justice to Colonel Parker to say that in his business 
transactions, both official and private, he has been strictly prompt and 
honorable, at the same time he has shown an accommodating disposition. 
In politics he is a Republican, and as a politician wields considerable 
influence with his party. 

COLONEL BENJAMIN C. SHAW. 

Colonel Shaw was born in Oxford, Ohio, on the 3d of February, 
1832. He came to Greensburg in 1849, ^"^ there learned the carriage 
making business. After his apprenticeship was served he carried on the 
business on his own account until the beginning of the war of the rebel- 



ALBERT G. PORTER. 230 

lion, when he enlisted in the three months service and was elected first 
lieutenant of company F, 7th regiment Indiana volunteers. He served 
as a captain and then as major of the 7th regiment in the three years 
service, until June, 1862. He was then appointed camp commander of 
the Fourth Congressional District, and organized the 68th regiment 
Indiana volunteers, and turned over several hundred unorganized recruits 
to Colonel Benjamin Spooner, his successor. At the especial request 
of Lieutenant Colonel E. A. King, of the 19th regiment of regulars, 
Colonel Shaw was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 68th regiment, 
which he had just organized, although he was offered the place of colo- 
nel, which he refused. In this regiment he served nearly one year in the 
army of the south, when he was compelled to resign in consequence of 
injuries received at the battle of Winchester, Virginia ; his wounds were 
such that the surgeons despaired of his life. 

He came to Indianapolis in the fall of 1863, since which time he 
has been actively engaged in the business of his choice. In 1874 was 
nominated by the Democratic State convention for Treasurer and elected 
by a large majority. In 1876 was renominated for the same olTice and 
triumphantly elected ; he is not only deservedly popular with his party 
but has many personal friends with his political opponents that will 
weigh the matter well before they will cast a ballot against him. 

Colonel Shaw is about six feet in height, with quite a heavy person, 
smooth, regular features, pleasing address. His silver-gray locks would 
indicate a greater age than he has attained. 

ALBERT G. PORTER 

Was born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana, on the 20th of April, 1824; 
received his primary education in the common schools of that place. 
At the proper time he was placed in the Asbury University, at Green- 
castle, where he graduated in 1843 ; he then studied law and settled in 
Indianapolis and commenced the practice in coimection with the late 
Hiram Brown, in 1845. He subsequently married the daughter of Mr. 
Brown, his partner. 

In 1853 he was appointed reporter of the decisions of the Supreme 
Court of Indiana, publishing five volumes. Served two terms as city 
attorney for Indianapolis. He was twice elected a member of the city 
council. In 1858 he was elected a Representive in Congress from the 
Indianapolis district, serving on the judiciary corhmittee. In i860 re- 
elected to the thirty-seventh Congress, serving on the committees on the 



240 SA'ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

judiciary and manufactures. He lost his wife by death in the latter 
part of 1875, and is yet a widower. 

Mr. Porter's many friends urged him for the nomination for Governor 
before the Republican convention of 1876. He is considered one of the 
most able and effective political speakers of the State. As a lawyer and 
advocate he has but few equals. He is now practicing in partnership 
with his son and William P. Fishback, Esq., the firm being Porter, 
Fishback & Porter. 

ROYAL MAYHEVV 

Was among the early settlers of Shelbyville, Indiana. He was a native 
of Penobscot county, Maine, born on the i8th of January, 1805 ; his 
father, Elisha Mayhew, was also born in the same county in 1769. They 
were lineal descendents of Thomas Mayhew (governor and patentee of 
Martha's Vineyard and Elizabeth Isles), who removed from Water- 
town, Massachusetts, and commenced the settlement of Martha's Vine- 
yard, Nantucket, in 1842. 

Elisha Mayhew and family emigrated to the west in 18 18, landing 
in Cincinnati on the first day of January, 18 19. He then removed to 
Dearborn county, near Lawrenceburg, where he remained until 1822, 
settling the latter year in Shelbyville, which was then but a village of 
about a dozen log cabins. 

In 1844 Royal Mayhew was elected Treasurer of State, and removed 
to Indianapolis. After serving out his term of office, which was three 
years, he engaged in mercantile pursuits. He then purchased the well- 
known and valuable property known as "West's Mills," together with 
the residence and lands adjoining ; here he continued until the time of 
his death, the nth of March, 1865. 

At the time of his death Mr. Mayhew owned some valuable city 
property on the south-east side of the Circle, on Circle street. 

He has several children yet residents of the city. Oscar Mayhew, 
the eldest son, has been for several years connected with the agricul- 
tural and geological departments of the State. 

The youngest son, James Nelson Mayhew, is and has been for some 
time connected with Moses, the well-known optician. A daughter, relict 
of the late William Cox, the once popular druggist of East Washington 
street. During Mr. Mayhew's twenty-one years' residence in Indian- 
apolis, he enjoyed the confidence and respect of the entire community, 
and long will he be remembered as one of the best State officials, looking 
more to his duty to the public than to accumulating money for himself. 



WILLIS )V. WRIGHT. 24I 

WILLIS W. WRIGHT 

Was born in the town of Denton, Caroline county, Maryland, on the 
4th of October, 1817. He came to Wayne county, Indiana, in 1835, 
thence to Indianapolis in August, 1838, as a clerk in the store of the 
late John H. Wright, a relative of his. 

On the 1 2th of September, 1839, he was married to Miss Lavina, 
daughter of James and Margaret Gavin. Mrs. Wright died in January, 
1850; he then was married, on the I2th of June, 1852, to Miss Francis 
F., youngest daughter of John Strange, who was one of the pioneer 
Methodist ministers of Indiana, and one of the most eloquent that ever 
lived in the State before or since. 

In 1850 he was declared to be elected county treasurer by one major- 
ity ; the election being contested the re-count showed the majority to be 
four. He was reelected in 1852, the majority being one hundred and 
eleven, the only Whig on the ticket elected. At this election Joseph 
A. Wright, who was the Democratic candidate for Governor against 
Nicholas McCarty, carried the county by three hundred and twenty- 
five majority. By this it will be seen that Mr. Willis W. Wright was 
stronger than the party that nominated him. He was the first secretary 
of the Indianapolis Gas Light and Coke Company. 

He was a director of the Indianapolis and Peru railroad from its or- 
ganization until near the time the road was completed ; served as treas- 
urer of the same road for several years, and for one year was general 
superintendent. For several years was grand secretary of the Grand 
Lodge, and as grand scribe of the Grand Encampment of the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows of the State of Indiana, and is at present the 
W. G. Master of the American Protestent Association of Indiana. 

By the above it will readily be seen that Mr. Wright has been no 
adle spectator of what has been going on in Indianapolis for the last 
thirty-eight years, but has taken an active part in building up and for- 
warding the interests of the city. He has been for many years a worthy 
and acceptable member of the Methodist church, and as such enjoys the 
confidence of the members of that respectable denomination, as well as 
all with whom he has in any way been associated, either in the order 
to which he belongs or in business. Of Mr. Wright I speak from per- 
sonal knowledge and observation. 

I must also add that with all the other luck which has been his for- 
tune to share he has been pre-eminently so in the selection of two of 
Indianapolis' handsomest women for wives. 
15 



242 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

CHRISTIAN E. GEISENDORFF. 

Mr. Geisendorff is a native of Maryland ; born in Frederick City on 
the lOth of May, 1814. At an early age he went to Martinsburg, Vir- 
ginia, where he learned the woolen manufacturing business. 

On the 13th of October, 1836, he was married to Miss Elizabeth 
Williams, of Baltimore. Immediately after his marriage he came west, 
and for four years carried on the business of manufacturing ingrain 
carpets at Dayton, Ohio. 

In 1840 he removed to Cincinnati, and continued the same business 
for two years. . In 1842 he came to Indianapolis, and engaged in manu- 
facturing woolen goods for Scudder & Hannaman, but for a short 
time. He then rented their establishment and started the power-loom 
and spindles, the first of the kind in the central portion of Indiana. 

In 1846 he took the old steam mill, and for five years ran his ma- 
chinery therein. 

In 1852 he built his present establishment, which is in the immediate 
neighborhood of the first establishment he managed in the city. To 
say that this is one of the finest establishments of the kind in the west 
is but true, and that he there manufactured woolen goods of the finest 
texture from the raw material. 

Mr. Geisendorff has associated with him in business his son-in-law, 
Isaac Thalman, Esq., a thorough and practical business man. 

Mr. Geisendorff has five children, all living, four sons and one 
daughter ; two of the sons and the daughter are married. 

During his thirty-five years' residence in Indianapolis, he has formed 
a large and general acquaintance with the farming community in several 
of the adjoining counties, and by his strict integrity in business and 
gentlemanly bearing as a man won their confidence and esteem. 

Mr. Geisendorffs name is perpetuated in history by having a 
street named for him. Although a strict and punctual business man, 
he is yet liberal, especially for benevolent and charitable purposes. Age 
sits lightly on his brow; although he has passed his three score years, 
he is yet vigorous and active, which indicates that he is yet good for 
another score. 

THEODORE P. HAUGHEY 

Was born in Smyrna, Delaware, on the 27th of November, 1826, and 
was there educated. For several years after he had attained his major- 
ity he resided in Baltimore, Maryland, where by a close and actual 



JAMES L. MITCHELL. 243 

contact with business he gained a thorough knowledge of finances and 
trade. In the spring of 184S he removed to Indianapolis, since which 
he has here resided, and has constantly been engaged in active business. 

At first he was engaged as an accountant and bookkeeper. Always 
in important and responsible positions, he was for a number of years 
secretary and treasurer of one of the leading railroads that center in 
this city. During the civil war he was appointed, by President Lincoln, 
collector for the Indianapolis district of the internal revenue, which 
position he resigned to take the presidency of the Indianapolis National 
Bank, which he still holds. 

For six years Mr. Haughey represented the old second ward in the 
city council ; during that time was chairman of the finance committee, 
and just before the war had the honor of reporting the city clear of debt. 

On the 5th of November, 1853, he was married to Miss Hannah 
Moore, of Newark, Ohio, who is yet his helpmate. 

As a first-class business man the best testimonials are the positions 
of trust and confidence he has held, in none of which has he ever been 
called on to surrender involuntarily. 

As a citizen Mr. Haughey is respected by all with whom he has 
intercourse, either in a business or a social way ; as a friend, is constant 
and unwavering ; as a husband, kind and affectionate; as a father, lov- 
ing and indulgent. He has a record for integrity that will bear the most 
scrutinizing investigation. 

JAMES L. MITCHELL 

Was born in Shelby county, Kentucky, on the 29th of September, 1834; 
with his parents removed to Monroe county, Indiana, when he was eight 
years of age. His father being a farmer, he worked at farm-work until 
he was nineteen years of age, attending the district school during the 
winter season of each year. 

In the fall of 1853 he entered the parepartory department of the State 
University, at Bloomington, and graduated from the same institution in 
1858. While in college he was chosen by the Philomathean Society, of 
which he was a member, to deliver the anniversary address in July, 
1858, and at the commencement exercises of the University in i860 he 
delivered the annual address to the Alumni Society of the same insti- 
tution. He read law and attended the law school attached to the L^ni- 
versity until the 2Sth of December, 1859, then came to Indianapolis and 
read law in the office of Ketcham & Coffin ; afterwards formed a partner- 
ship in the practice of law with his uncle, the late John L. Ketcham. 



244 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



In July, 1862, was appointed and commissioned adjutant of the 70th 
regiment Indiana volunteer infantry, and served in the army until the 
close of the war ; from November, 1864, to the close of the war, he was 
on the staff of General Lovell H. Rousseau. 

After his return from the army he again commenced the practice of 
law with John L. Ketcham, the style of the firm being Ketcham & Mit- 
chell ; afterwards William A. Ketcham was added to the firm._ After 
the death of John L. Ketcham, in April, 1869, Judge Horatio C. New- 
comb became a member of the firm, it being Newcomb, Mitchell & 
Ketcham, until Judge Newcomb went upon the bench. 

In the spring of 1873, Mr. Mitchell, without any solicitation on his 
part, and while absent from the city, was nominated as the Democratic 
candidate for mayor, and elected over Captain W. D. Wiles, by a ma- 
jority of seven hundred and seventy-eight votes, being the first Demo- 
cratic mayor since the commencement of the war ; served one term of 
two years, and I think gave as much satifaction as any person who ever 
filled the place since an office of that kind was created for Indianapolis. 
. After Mr. Mitchell retired from the mayoralty he again commenced 
the practice of law in connection with his cousin, William A. Ketcham 
and Judge Claypool, the firm being Claypool, Mitchell & Ketcham. 

Mr. Mitchell was married on the 4th of October, 1864, in New 
Albany, Indiana, to Miss Clara E. Carter, a niece of the late Hon. 
George G. Dunn. They have but one child, a son who delights in the 
name of James L. Mitchell, Junior. Mr. Mitchell being now in his 
forty-second year, is just in the prime of life. He is about five feet ten 
inches in height, a heavy, rotund form, light hair and complexion, with 
a seemingly healthy constitution and bids fair for many years of useful- 
ness. His bland and polite manner to all with whom he has business, 
either private or official, has made him many friends, regardless of politi- 
cal affiliations. 

PETER F. BRYCE. 

"Twas in that part o' Scotland's Isle," rendered classic and immor- 
talized in history by Walter Scott's poem. Lady of the Lake ; 'twas in 
the western highlands of Perthshire, near the spot the poet had refer- 
ence to when he wrote — 

" At doune o'er many a spear and glaive. 
Two barons proud their banners wave. 
I saw the moraz's silver star, 
And marked the sable pall of Mar." 



HERMAN WEINBERGER. 



245 



It was there on the 14th of March, 1826, the subject of this sketch 
was born. In 1843 Mr. Bryce bid adieu to the scenes of his childhood 
and sailed for the United States, landing in New York the same year ; 
he immediately came west and for several years resided in Cincinnati. 

In 1870 he removed to Indianapolis and purchased the large steam 
bakery on East South street, near Meridian, where he has since 
continued the business without interruption, except from a fire during 
the fall of 1876, the damage from which was soon repaired and his 
business progressed. 

Mr. Bryce has been twice married, first to Eliza Heath, by whom 
he has had four children, two of whom are dead. His wife died; he was 
then married to Mary Moore ; by her he has three children. All his 
five children are living under the paternal roof 

Mr. Bryce was imbued with that love of freedom inherent in the 
native Scotchman, and attached himself to the political party in his 
adopted country that was in favor of the emancipation of slavery. His 
first vote was cast in 1852 for John P. Hale, of New Hampshire, and 
George W. Julian, of Indiana, the first for President and the latter for 
Vice President of the United States. Of this vote he wishes his friends 
to know he has ever been proud. Since that time he has strictly adhered 
to the principles of the Republican party, voting as he did for Fremont 
in 1856, for Lincoln in i860 and 1864, for Grant in 1868 and 1872, and 
for Hayes in 1876. He has lived to see the United States the "land of 
the free " in fact as well as profession. 

Mr. Bryce loves the land of his nativity, and likes to talk and dwell 
upon the beautiful scenery of its highlands, which was "Once fondly 
loved, but now remembered dear." He is rather below the medium 
size, quick and active in movement; his once dark hair is tinged by time 
until it is a silver gray. 

" When death's dark stream 1 ferry o'er, 
A time that surely will come ; 
In heaven itself I'll ask no more. 
Than just a highland welcome." 

HERMAN WEINBERGER. 

Mr. Weinberger was born in the city of Weissenburg, kingdom of 
Bavaria, Germany, on the loth of September, 1826. His ancestry were 
citizens of Salesburg in 173 1, when the religious troubles prevailed be- 
tween the Catholics and Protestants. After great suffering and priva- 



246 



S A- ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



tions and confiscation of their property they were allowed to leave the 
country by order of the archbishop of said city. After they arrived in 
the then free city of Weissenburg they were admitted to full citizenship 
by the Protestant authorities of that city. 

Weissenburg lost terribly in population by that thirty years of relig- 
ious and fanatical war. At the age of thirteen Mr. Weinberger was ap- 
prenticed to learn the cabinet making business and remained four years ; 
as it was the custom, he then traveled four years in foreign countries. 
His father died when he was but nine years old, leaving nine children 
living. 

When the subject of this sketch had attained the age of twenty-one, 
himself, two brothers and one sister bid their old mother and family a 
long and last farewell, and sailed on the ship Westphalia for the United 
States, and after forty-nine days voyage arrived in New York on the 
28th of March, 1848, that being their mother's birthday. 

He remained in New York until July, 1849, working at his trade for 
four dollars per week, which he considered small wages. He then came 
west to Cincinnati and engaged as foreman in a passenger car manufac- 
tory at twelve dollars per week, and continued until October, 1855. 
He then came to Indianapolis, arriving here on the 31st of the latter 
month. He did not follow his trade but a short time after he came to 
this city. He joined with his brother John and engaged in the confec- 
tionery business at No. 10 West Louisiana street, where he yet remains, 
adding to his business rooms two other rooms where he carries on a res- 
taurant where the weary and hungry traveler can procure anything he 
may desire in the refreshment line. In 1857 he heard of the death of 
his beloved mother whom he cherished a hope of seeing again. 

Mr. Weinberger's wife. Miss Anna B. Bornkessel, was born on the 
20th of February, 1^32, in the city of Saxe-Coburg. She arrived in 
New York city on the loth of November, 1852, on board the ship Rich- 
ard Cosston, after a voyage of forty-nine days. 

Mr. Weinberger's was rather a novel courtship to end in marriage. 
They by some means had heard of each other, exchanged two letters 
each and a picture, and at the request of Miss Bornkessel, he repaired 
to New York and met her for the first time on Friday, the 26th of Au- 
gust, 1853, and on Sunday, the second day after, they were married, and 
have lived happily together since that time. Their family now consists of 
three sons and two daughters. The oldest, Anna, was born July 30th, 
1857; Albert, March 15th, 1861 ; Herman, March 4th, 1867; Edwin, 
December 17th, 1869; Bertha, April 13th, 1872. 



STEPHEN PITTS. 



247 



Taken altogether, Mr. Weinberger's life has been a romantic and 
checkered one, but he is happy in the fact that he is now in a land of 
religious and political toleration, where his children will never experi- 
ence the persecutions that their ancestry were subject to. 

Mr. Weinberger is a pleasant and agreeable gentleman, and particu- 
larly fond of the fumes emitted from his favorite meerchaum. 

SIMON McCarthy. 

There are but few persons now living in Indianapolis who do not 
know Mr. McCarthy by reputation, and a very large number are per- 
sonally acquainted with him ; his social and cheerful qualities have made 
him a general favorite. Mr. McCarthy has for several years been the 
lessee and manager of the Metropolitan Theater, where he earned and 
won a reputation for liberality toward all benevolent institutions of the 
city, and especially so in contributing through the winter months to the 
aid of the poor by benefit nights set apart for that particular purpose. 

He is a native of Ohio, born in Richland county, on the 23d of May, 
1823. He left his birth-place when quite young, and for several years 
resided in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. He came to Indianapolis in 185 1, 
since which time he has made it his home. Mr. McCarthy has had a 
fortune within his grasp several times, but his liberality to the poor and 
oppressed has had a tendency to keep him back in worldly goods, al- 
though he has a competency for all necessary purposes. He was 
scarcely ever known to turn the beggar away empty-handed. 

STEPHEN PITTS 

•Came to the vicinity of this place in the year 1827, and soon rose to 
distinction in his profession — that of trapper and hunter. Indeed, there 
were but few coons within twenty miles of this place but knew him by 
reputation, and none wished to extend it to a personal acquaintance ; or 
if they knew of his intention to call on them, would make it convenient 
to be from home, or, like the ladies of the present day, have him told, 
so ; or, if he should come upon them unexpectedly, they would, like 
■Captain Scott's coon, come down and surrender, sometimes without a 
struggle. 

He was familar with every "otter slide," or muskrat hole, between 
Strawtown and the Bluffs of White river, and many an unsuspecting 
mink fell a victim to his deep laid schemes. Mr. Pitts was a man that 



248 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

minded his own business, paid his debts, voted the unterrified Demo- 
cratic ticket, and worshipped God according to his conscience ; he was 
a backwoodsman in every sense of the word. He died many years 
since. 

His only surviving son, George W. Pitts, yet resides in the city, and 
is one of the coolest men, in his business transactions, we have ever 
known ; however, he is not wilHng to confine his coolness to himself, 
but is anxious to keep his neighbors cool also ; where his father once 
speared the salmon, trapped the otter and shot the muskrat, George now 
cuts and gathers his beautiful crystal ice. 

He also has a daughter, the wife of John L. McCormack, one of our 
most enterprising and industrious master carpenters, who is the nephew 
of John McCormack, who built the first log cabin in Indianapolis. 



WILLIAM N. JACKSON. 

Billy Jackson came to Indianapplis in the year 1833, quite a young 
man, and has remained such, in many respects, ever since. He was 
the first iron merchant of this city, or the first that dealt in that article 
exclusively. His store was the second door west from the northwest 
corner of Washington and Meridian streets. The place at that time 
would not support an establishment of that kind, hence he continued 
the business but a short time. 

There are few persons throughout the State better known to the 
public than is Mr. Jackson, nor has any enjoyed the confidence of the 
citizens of Indianapolis to a greater extent during the forty-five years 
he has called it his home. He has been identified with the railroads 
that center in Indianapolis from the start ; indeed, he was engaged in 
the office of the Madison and Indianapolis railroad some time before it 
reached this place, and when the business of the road was transacted at 
Madison. 

He is now, and has been for several years, the treasurer of the 
Union Railway Company, where his genial countenance is very nearly 
always seen on the arrival or departure of trains on the various routes 
that there center. He is ever ready to assist any unprotected female, 
whether acquaintance or stranger, on and off the cars, and is assiduous 
in all the duties that pertain to his position. 

Mr. Jackson is a member of the Second Presbyterian church (gener- 
ally known by the old settlers as Beecher's) ; has been one of the elders 
for several years, and exercises a considerable influence in the govern- 



JOSEPH LOFTON. 



249 



ment and management of its affairs. He is a very benevolent and char- 
itable man, and I understand from one of his associates and particular 
friends that the larger part of his salary for several years has been 
devoted to such purposes. In the meantime he has defrayed the 
expense in the education of several young ladies whose parents' circum- 
stances precluded the possibility of their doing it. He has also educated 
some young men, who are now engaged in the ministry. 

As intimated in the beginning of this sketch, Mr. Jackson is yet 
without the pale of matrimony, but is as much of a gallant as he was 
forty-five years ago, and it is considered a compliment to any lady, 
young or old, to receive his attention ; he seems to be blessed with per- 
petual youth. 

JOSEPH LOFTON, 

The father of Doctors Sample and Alman Lofton, and Joseph, was a 
native of Davidson county, North Carolina. He came to Marion county, 
and lived a while in Pike township in the year 1827; he then returned 
to his native State for a short time, but again came to Indiana, and 
lived a short time in Lawrence county, but was not satisfied until he 
was again a citizen of Pike township, where he died. 

Mr. Lofton was a Jackson man, and a warm supporter of the old 
hero in all his campaigns for the presidency, and afterward a strong and 
warm friend and member of the Democratic party. He is well repre- 
sented in that particular by his three sons above alluded to. 

Joseph is one of the wheel-horses of the party in Pike township, and 
'tis said can make as long and as strong a pull, when the load is heavy 
and roads are bad, as any one ; though he is a poor horse to go down 
hill, he can't be made to back and wants to go as fast as possible ; 
neither does he ever look back or balk, but always keeps his collar 
warm and dislikes to pull with a cold one. He is one of the prosper- 
ous farmers of the county, and trades a great deal in stock of all kinds. 

Dr. Sample Lofton is also a farmer, of Wayne township, and trader, 
and furnished the government with many fine horses during the war. 

Dr. Alman Lofton is a practicing physician of Augusta, in the north- 
west portion of the county, and is universally respected as a man as 
well as a physician. 

Neither of the M. D.'s will allow Joseph to outdo them in their de- 
votion to the old party and its principles, although it forms a consider- 
able portion of his religion. 

The three brothers are large, fine-looking men, and in their personal 



250 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



appearance indicate that they are in the enjoyment of a goodly share of 
this world's goods, with philosophy enough to enjoy life as they go 
along, and in the possession of cheerful dispositions, casting a glow of 
good feeling around them; and Joseph's smiling countenance "smiles 
to the smiling morrow," and his social qualities and large fund of 
anecdotes which he relates to his numerous friends, render him a very 
interesting personage. 

GOVERNOR DAVID WALLACE 

Was a native of Pennsylvania, having been born in Mifflin county on 
the 24th of April, 1799. When quite young, with his father's family, 
emigrated to Ohio, and from that State, through the friendship of Gen- 
eral William H. Harrison, received the appointment of cadet, and was 
educated at West Point. 

He afterwards became a citizen of Indiana, and for several years 
practiced law at Brookville, and represented Franklin county in the 
State Legislature. 

In the year 1834 he was the candidate for, and was elected. Lieuten- 
ant Governor on the ticket with Governor Noah Noble. In 1837 he 
was the Internal Improvement candidate for Governor against the Hon. 
John Dumont, the Anti-improvement candidate, and was successful. It 
was during this canvass that he said that an extra hen and chickens 
would be sufficient to pay all the extra taxation that would be levied 
against the farmers for internal improvement purposes. After the 
scheme proved a failure, he was often twitted by his friends for this ex- 
pression of false prophecy. 

In 1 841 he was elected to Congress at the special election ordered 
by the Governor for members of Congress for the extra session called 
together by President Harrison. 

Governor Wallace's first wife was the daughter of the Hon. John 
Test, an eminent and early Indiana lawyer, and sister of Judge Charles 
H. Test, now of this city. By her he has three children yet living. The 
eldest, William Wallace, is one of our most respected citizens, and a 
prominent lawyer. The second son is General Lew Wallace, now of 
Crawfordsville, whose history is well-known, not only in Indiana, but 
throughout the nation. The third son, Edward, I think, also lives in 
Crawfordsville. 

His second wife was the daughter of Dr. John H. Sanders, late of 
this city, and one of its prominent physicians. By her he also has 



WILLIAM H. H. PINNEY. 



251 



three children, a daughter, the wife of Wm. W. Leathers, a lawyer of 
this city, now dead, another daughter yet single, and a son, a namesake. 

Governor Wallace was a fine lawyer and one of the most eloquent 
public speakers of his day, a warm and generous hearted man, a stranger 
to anything like duplicity or deceit, and enjoyed the respect and esteem 
of all who knew him. 

He died in September, 1859, '"^ the sixty- first year of his age. 

WILLIAM H. H. PINNEY. 

Major Pinney was a native of Thetford, Windsor county, Vermont, 
and inherited a considerable of the true Yankee character — industry, 
enterprise and perseverance. He was blessed with a good English edu- 
cation, such as is obtained in the common and high schools of Yankee- 
land. At the age of nineteen he engaged as a guard at the State prison^ 
of his native State ; served about four years as a guard and shopkeeper, 
then as deputy warden, and had entire control and management of the 
prison ; then as clerk in a large manufacturing establishment, and early 
earned the reputation of a good business man. He was then appointed 
aid-de-camp in the State militia, and there acquired the title and rank 
of major, which is not bogus; and to be a major in Yankeedom meant 
something. 

In 1828 Major Pinney first visited Indianapolis as the traveling agent 
of the American Hydraulic Company, in order to try to sell to the town, 
or its citizens, a fire engine. He saw most of the leading and business 
men of the place, and they concluded that the people were not able to ^ 
purchase one at that time. He had traveled over his native State, New 
Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Upper Canada, Michigan, 
West Virginia, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama and Missouri, 
and visited all the towns of note in those several States, and found no 
place that cared as little about an engine as Indianapolis. What a 
change fifty years have wrought ! Now our seven steam engines are 
considered inadequate for the safety of property, and on occasions 
powerless for awhile to control the devouring element. 

Mr. Pinney, after remaining here a few days, left for Madison, and 
was three days, hard traveling through mud and mire, in reaching it, 
thence homeward. He returned to Indiana in 183 1, and settled at the 
Bluffs of White river, where he engaged in merchandising, and followed 
it for several years ; in the meantime he married Miss Emily, youngest 
daughter of Jacob Whetzel. He was appointed postmaster at that 



252 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

place by General Jackson, more as a punishment for being a Clay Whig 
than the good-will of the old hero. This he held until the office was 
removed to Waverly, a new town that had sprung up within a mile of 
his place. 

Major Pinney was a very pleasant and agreeable man, and disposed 
to look on the bright side of sublunary affairs, and sees more of sun- 
shine than shade in the lot of man generally. Although during the 
rebellion a strong Union man, he did nothing towards furnishing sol- 
diers bearing his name, neither could wives be found for them in his 
family. He died February 2d, 1873. 



JAMES JOHNSON 

Was born in Grayson county, West Virginia, on the 8th of May, 1802. 
With his father's family he removed to Butler county, Ohio, in the fall 
of 181 1, about the time the battle of Tippecanoe was fought. He there 
worked on the farm and assisted his father at the blacksmith forge, and 
became proficient in the art of Vulcan. In 1822 he was married to 
Miss Hannah Snively, with whom he lived thirty-eight years. On the 
nth of March, 1823, he became a citizen of the then village of Indian- 
apolis, and built himself a cabin on the northwest corner of Washington 
and East streets, on a lot then owned by his father and now by him, 
on which he has erected a fine business block. During the spring of 
1823 he cleared a field and planted corn on the donation lands west of 
West street and north of the park. In 1824 he removed to the farm 
on which he now lives, five miles west of the city on the Crawfordsville 
State road. After his removal to his new home he was compelled to 
walk to his corn field and there shell the corn for his bread, then carry 
it on his shoulder to the mill, thence in meal to his home. On one 
occasion he was detained until after nightfall. When within a short dis- 
tance of his house he heard cries of distress proceeding from his own 
house. Hurrying as fast as possible to the house he found his wife, with 
her infant in her arms, had clambered to the loft of the cabin for pro- 
tection from the Indians, who, she said, were prowling about. Whether 
it was imagination on her part or not Mr. Johnson never knew. It was 
just after the murder of the Indian family in Madison county by the 
whites, and the whole country was in constant fear of an outbreak by 
the Indians. 

Mr. Johnson brought to my mind an incident that happened about 
that time. A Delaware Indian who delighted in the name of Captain 



m^^ ^ 




^irri.^^ < -J^:7/'>-^ ;./^^.. 



JACOB B. McCHESh'EY. 255 

White Eyes, was very fond (when intoxicated) of showing by ma- 
neuvers with his knife "how Injun scalp white man." This, to some of 
the settlers who had the art practically illustrated on their relatives, was 
unpleasant. They gave the captain to understand that they would also 
give a practical illustration of how the white man scalped the Indian. 
This to Mr. White Eyes was sufficient. He took the hint and never 
troubled the settlement again. 

Mr. Johnson has accumulated a large fortune, not by wild specula- 
tions, but by a judicious and careful investment of his accumulations 
from time to time. A few years since he offered some very valuable 
tracts of land, first to the Northwestern Christian University, then to the 
Hanover College, as a subsidy for locating either of those institutions on 
his property. 

Mr. Johnson never received but nine months' schooling, and that at 
intervals. He has, however, received a practical education and grad- 
uated in the school of experience, which Goldsmith says is ' ' the ripest 
school of knowledge." 

In i860 he lost by death his first wife. In 1864 he was married to 
Mrs. Ann M. Branham, of North Madison. She died in September, 
1873. He was justice of the peace for Wayne township and served 
acceptably to the people for ten years. He represented the county in 
the Legislature in the sessions of 1838-39-40. He was deputy United 
States marshal two years. He was president of and instrumental in 
building the Indianapolis and Brownsburg and the Central gravel roads, 
and has contributed largely to the development of the agricultural 
resources of the county. In 1824 he cast his first Presidential vote for 
General Jackson, and has strictly adhered to the party that sprung out 
of that administration, although in his social relations, and with his 
neighbors, he knows no political distinction. 

Mr. Johnson was the patron friend of the late Colonel George L. 
Kinnard, with whom but few of the present citizens of the city were 
acquainted. Although Mr. Johnson is over seventy-five years of age, 
he is yet assiduous to business, and may be seen on our streets nearly 
every day. 

JACOB B. McCHESNEY. 

Among the clever and unpretending gentlemen of Indianapolis is 
Mr. McChesney, a native of the State of New Jersey, a State that has 
furnished this city with many of its best citizens. He came to this 
place in the year 1834. 



256 



SKETCHES OF PROMJNE.Vr CITIZENS. 



He was the first secretary of the State sinking fund, and continued 
as such for near thirty years, and left the office only through the work- 
ings of political party machinery. He was a good and efficient official, 
and had almost the entire charge of the business. 

During his forty-three years as a citizen of the city, by his urbane 
and gentlemanly deportment, he has won the confidence and respect of 
all who know him. He is the cousin of those two worthy persons, of 
whom I have already written, James M. Ray and the late Joseph M. 
Moore. Mr. McChesney took an active part in the organization of the 
first Episcopal church (Christ), in 1837, and has since that time been 
a member and vestryman of it. 

He has three children, one a daughter, who is the wife of Mr. David 
E. Snyder, one of the leading insurance men of the city. His two 
sons are yet single and reside with their father. He is now treasurer of 
the State Saving Bank. 

JOHN W. HOLLAND. 

This worthy gentleman was one of four brothers that, with their 
father, came to this city at an early day — George, John, David and 
Johnson. Their father, John Holland, Senior, came about the year 
1826, and for many years kept a family grocery. 

John W. Holland came in the year 1 830. For some years he was a 
clerk in the dry goods store of Conner & Harrison, and then as a part- 
ner of the late A. W. Russell. I suppose he has cut as much tape, 
measured as many six yards of calico (at that time a dress pattern), 
weighed as many half-dollars' worth of coffee, and taken in exchange 
therefor as many pounds of butter, dozens of eggs, yards of flax and 
tow linen, and pounds of maple sugar, as any person now living in the 
city. 

Mr. Holland has long been one of the leading members of the Meth- 
odist church in this city. We remember him, near forty years since, 
leading the Thursday evening prayer meeting that worshipped in the 
first brick church built in Indianapolis, and situated where the Sentinel 
office now stands. 

Johnson, the younger brother, died many years since ; George, the 
eldest, died eight years ago. Mr. Holland and his sister, Mrs. James 
E. Wheat, are the only members of the original family that came here 
over fifty years ago that are living in the city. Mr. Holland has retired 
from active business and resides on North Tennessee street. 



WILLIAM C. SMOCK. 357 

WILLIAM C. SMOCK, 

Former and seventh clerk of Marion county, was born in Perry town- 
ship, December 3, 1838 ; he has descended from the two different fami- 
lies of Smocks, who were among the first settlers of the county. His 
grandfather on his mother's side, John Smock, bought at the Brookville 
land sale, in 1821, the first quarter section of land south of Pleasant 
run, on the Madison State road, about one mile south of the donation 
line. This he improved and lived on until his death in 1827; this farm 
is now known as the Hoefgen farm. 

His father, Isaac Smock, was the brother of Simon Smock, who 
lived about one mile south of John Smock, another brother of his father. 
Captain Jacob Smock lived just north of Southport. Those several fam- 
lies of Smocks and Brewers, that had intermarried with them, formed 
almost the entire population on the Madison State road for twelve or 
fifteen miles south. So they were called Smocks and half-Smocks. Now 
we not only have Smocks and half Smocks, but in the person of the 
former clerk we have a double-Smock. 

The family on the father's side of William C. Smock were mostly 
Presbyterians, and their church at Greenwood was generally filled by 
Smocks and Brewers. On his mother's side they were Baptists, and 
their church on Lick creek, about four miles southeast of town, and 
where Abram Smock, his grandfather's brother preached, was generally 
filled with Smocks, Smalls, Pences, Seburns and WoodfiUs. The two 
families of Smocks were mostly from, the counties of Henry and Shelby, 
Kentucky, and they left that State in consequence of slavery, desiring to 
raise their families in a free State. 

The Smocks and Brewers were honest, upright and successful 
farmers, and did a great deal toward making the southern portion of this 
county what it is to day. 

But I have digressed and will return to the subject of the sketch. At 
the age of fifteen years William C. Smock entered the recorder's office 
as deputy, under the late Dr. A. G. Wallace, who was then recorder of 
the county. In this capacity he remained nearly two years, accumulating 
a small sum of money with which he designed qualifying himself for 
higher and more responsible duties. He then became a student of the 
Franklin (Johnson county) college, and there remained four collegiate 
terms. 

In i860 he engaged with John C. New as a deputy in the office of 
clerk of the Marion Circuit and Common Pleas courts. 



258 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

In 1862, and at the age of twenty-three, he received the nomination 
of the Republican party for the office of recorder for the county, a 
coaHtion having been formed between the Repubhcan and that portion 
of the Democratic party that favored a vigorous prosecution of the war, 
and it being desirable in order to secure harmony and unity of action 
that the county offices should be divided. Mr. Smock very magnani- 
mously declined the nomination, that the object could be effected. 

In 1865 he was nominated by the same party as its candidate for 
clerk of the county, and was elected without opposition, equally as rare 
a case as the first, being the first instance of the kind in the history of 
the county wTiere a candidate for a county office ran without an oppo- 
nent. The citizens of Marion county have been peculiarly fortunate in 
the selection of their clerks, from the first, the venerable James M. Ray, 
elected in the year 1822; he was succeeded by his deputy, Joseph M. 
Moore, by appointment; then Robert B. Duncan; he by William 
Stewart; then John C. New; then William Wallace — men whose 
capacity and integrity were not questioned, and performed their duties 
to the satisfaction of their many friends and the public. But we doubt 
if any gave more satisfaction to the public, or retired from the office 
with more personal friends, than William C. Smock. 

In Mr. Smock's character is exemplified the influence of Christian 
parents in forming the morals and religion of their children ; he adheres 
to the church of his mother, and is a member of the First Baptist 
church of this city. 

Since Mr. Smock left the clerk's office he has been engaged in the 
real estate business. 

THE TWO OLD POLITICAL PARTIES. 

Never in the history of this or any other country was there any 
political parties that could boast of such talent in their leaders as the 
old Whig and Democratic parties could, from the formation of the 
former under the leadership of Henry Clay, its candidate for the Presi- 
dency in 1832, until the dissolution of the party after the defeat of 
General Winfield Scott in 1852. From 1824 to 1828, during the 
Presidency of John Quincy Adams, it was known as the Administration 
party. After the election of General Jackson, and during his first term 
as President, it was called the Adams party. After the nomination of 
Henry Clay against General Jackson, in 1832, it was named by James 
Watson Webb, editor of the New York Courier and Enquirer, the Whig 



THE TWO OLD POLITICAL PARTIES. 



:59 



party. During the twenty years of its existence it numbered among 
its leaders men of the most profound intellect and statemanship that 
ever graced the halls of legislation, such as Henry Clay, John J. Critten- 
den, Robert P. Letcher, Thomas Metcalf (old Stone Hammer), John B. 
Thompson and Charles Morehead, of Kentucky ; Daniel Webster, 
Edward Everett, Rufus Choate, Robert Winthrop, and honest John 
Davis, of Massachusetts ; Robert Toombs, Alexander Stephens and 

Dawson, of Georgia; R. M. T. Hunter, Henry A. Wise, John B. 

Summers and Alexander H. Stewart, of Virginia ; Thomas Corwin (Wagon 
Boy), Thomas Ewing, Joshua R. Giddings, Alfred Kelly and William 
Bebb, of Ohio ; John M. Clayton and Bayard, of Delaware ; Wiley P. 
Mangum, Waddy Thomson and Senator Badger, of North Carolina ; 
William H. Seward, Millard Fillmore, Horace Greeley and James Brooks, 
of New York ; Baldwin and Smith, of Connecticut ; Senator Pearce and 
Reverdy Johnson, of Maryland ; Jimmy Jones and John Bell, of Ten- 
nessee ; Prentice and McClung, of Mississippi; Thaddeus Stevens and 
Cooper, of Pennsylvania ; Phillips, Upham and CoUamer, of Vermont ; 
and from our own Indiana were Joseph G. Marshall, George G. Dunn, 
George H. Dunn, Albert S. White, Joseph L. White, Caleb B. Smith, 
Oliver H. Smith, Samuel Parker, Richard W. Thompson, James H. 
Cravens, David Kilgore, Henry S. Lane, David Wallace, Thomas L 
Evans, Samuel Bigger, George H. Proffit, Samuel Judah, Charles H. 
Test, James Raridan, General Robert Hanna, John H. Bradley, Austin 
W. Morris, Thomas D. Walpole, George Julian, Jonathan McCarty, 
Lemuel Q. De Bruler, and many others who were an honor to the State 
and nation. 

Nor were the Democrats wanting in talent and statesmanship, among 
whom were John C. Calhoun, Hayne and Senator Butler, of South Car- 
olina ; Silas Wright and Dickinson, of New York ; Lynn Boyd, John C. 
Breckinridge, James Guthrie and Governor Powell, of Kentucky ; Lewis 
Gass, of Michigan ; Stephen A. Douglas and Shields, of Illinois ; Thos. 
H. Benton, Senator Atchison and Francis P. Blair, of Missouri ; Henry 
S. Foote and Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi ; Andrew Jackson, Andrew 
Johnson and James K. Polk, of Tennessee ; Samuel Houston and Sen- 
ator Rusk, of Texas; Levi Woodbury and John P. Hale, of New 
Hampshire ; Soule and Downs, of Louisiana ; Salmon P. Chase, John 
Brough (known as Auditor Brough), Charles Brough, George E. Pugh, 
George H. Pendleton and William Allen, of Ohio ; Tighlman A. How- 
ard, Joseph A. Wright, James Whitcomb, John L. Robinson, Michael 
i6 



26o SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

G. Bright, Jesse D. Bright, Andrew Kennedy, Amos Lane, John Law,. 
William W. Wick, Judge James Morrison, Alexander F. Morrison, 
George Chapman, Page Chapman, William J. Brown, Rufus Lockwood, 
Graham N. Fitch, Ebenezer Chamberlain, Joseph Lane, Edward A. 
Hannagan, Robert Dale Owen, and many others, nearly all of whom 
were conspicuous in the ever-memorable canvass of 1840. 

The first presidential campaign after the formation of the Whig party 
was between General Jackson, the incumbent, and Henry Clay ; the main 
issues being a national bank, which had just been vetoed by the Presi- 
dent, and a protective tariff that was warmly advocated by the friends 
of Mr. Clay, and opposed by the President's friends. For a while it 
seemed the chances of success were in favor of Mr. Clay, but the friends- 
of the old hero rallied toward the end of the canvass, and he was re- 
elected by a large electoral majority. 

In the canvass of 1836 General William Henry Harrison, of Ohio, 
and Martin Van Buren, of New York, were the candidates. The issues- 
were about the same as in 1832. The campaign was quite tame, Mr. 
Van Buren being direct from under the wing of General Jackson, and 
being Vice President at the time, was elected. In 1840, which was the 
most exciting canvass ever known in the country before or since — the 
same candidates as in 1836 — charges of corruption in Mr. Van Buren's 
adm.inistration were rife. Ogle, a representative of Pennsylvania, had 
charged upon the President, upon the floor of Congress, a reckless ex- 
penditure of the public money, such as the purchase of gold spoons for 
the presidential mansion. This speech was printed in pamphlet form' 
and scattered broadcast over the land. Some eastern papers had sneer- 
ingly spoken of General Harrison as the log cabin and hard cider candi- 
date for the presidency. This, every inhabitant of a cabin took as a 
personal insult, and their number were legions in the west. This was 
sufficient to insure the hero of Tippecanoe the entire west. 

Mr. Van Buren and General Harrison had both been members of 
Congress during the passage of the Missouri compromise in 1820, Gen- 
eral Harrison voting with the south against the restricting ordinance, 
prohibiting slavery north of a certain latitude. Mr. Van Buren voted 
for the ordinance. This secured General Harrison every southern State 
except South Carolina and Alabama. 

In that canvass the people seemed entirely given up to politics. 
Political conventions and meetings were all that were thought of by the 
people. All kinds of business was almost entirely suspended for the 
time being. The farmer left his plow, the blacksmith the forge, the 



THE TWO OLD POLITICAL PARTIES. 26 1 

carpenter the bench, the tailor the board, the lawyer the courts, and 
even the doctor would forget the sick, all to attend a political convention. 

Nor was the excitement confined to the voting population. Women 
and children were affected by the political contagion, and children 
neglected their schools to attend a barbecue where bullocks were roasted 
whole. 

This was before we had rail or gravel roads in Indiana, and but few 
carriages. The only means of locomotion was the two horse wagon or 
on horseback. It was before we even had any great number of organized 
bands of music. It was a very common thing to see a procession of 
wagons and horsemen a half mile in length going to a political meeting 
some twenty miles from their starting place, log cabins and canoes 
mounted on wheels, preceded by the ever-memorable drum and fife, 
banners flying, coon skins lashed to the saddles of the horsemen, the 
whole shouting for 

" Tippecanoe and Tyler too !" 

And singing some of the many campaign songs of that year, among 
which was 

" Come all ye log cabin boys, we're going to have a raisin', 
We've got a job on hand, and ye'll think it will be pleasin'; 
We'll turn out and build old Tip a cabin. 
And fill up the cracks with chinkin' and dobbin'." 

Another of which was, and sung with great enthusiasm by men, women 
and children, 

"The latch string hangs outside the door, 

Hurra, hurra, hurra ! 
Where it has always hung before. 

Hurra, hurra, hurra! 
And any man that's given to grabin' 
Shall never enter his log cabin. 

Hurra, hurra, hurra — hurra, hurra!" 

The convention that assembled at the Tippecanoe battle ground in 
that year will be long remembered as one of the largest and most 
exciting that had ever taken place in the United States. 

The delegation from this city was called the ' 'Wild Oats of Indiana- 
polis," among which were General Thomas A. Morris, Elliott Patterson, 
Chas. W. Cady, John D. Morris, James R. Nowland, Andrew Bryne, 
Hugh O'Neal, George Drum, George Bruce, S. V. B. Noel, Dr. Stroll, 
and many others, most of whom have passed away. 

The march of the Wild Oats was not without many interesting inci- 



262 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

dents that will be long remembered by the writer, among them the fre- 
quent appearance of petticoats, which were generally flaunted by women, 
or hoisted on poles, as a stigma upon the bravery of General Harrison 
at Fort Sandusky. It is hardly necessary to say that they were captured 
in every instance, and those who had insultingly manipulated them re- 
buked in a manner they could not misunderstand. 

Among the prominent speakers at that meeting were several of 
a national reputation. Erastus Brooks, of Pittsburg, who was the origi- 
nal Jack Downing of that canvass (the original in Jackson's time being 
Holmes, of Maine), also Henry S. Lane and Joseph L. White, of Indi- 
ana, the latter being one of the most eloquent men of the day. I shall 
never forget one of his flights of fancy in his speech upon that occasion. 
In speaking of General Harrison as the log cabin and hard cider candi- 
date, he said: "Yes, fellow-citizens, who knows but while your present 
speaker is addressing you, the wind that is whistling through the cran- 
nies of some log cabin is fanning the cheek of some poor but noble 
infant that will some day stand at the head of this great republic." A 
simultaneous shout from a hundred thousand people attested the appre- 
ciation of the sentiment as well as the eloquence of the orator. 

There were several large and enthusiastic meetings of both parties in 
Indianapolis during the year. At the Whig meetings barrels of hard 
cider were placed at the doors of nearly all the Whigs, where every one 
was made welcome to help himself. While writing of those times 
it revives many pleasant memories of long lost and departed friends, 
with whom I met daily in the ordinary business of life. 

Although the Whigs were successful in that election, they never 
realized the fruits of their labors. General Harrison lived but one 
month after his inauguration. He had already issued a proclamation 
convening Congress in July, 1841, at which was passed a bill creating a 
United States bank, but was vetoed by President Tyler, whom the 
Whigs charged with betraying and playing Judas Iscariot. From that 
tiifie President Tyler acted with the Democratic party, who proved that 
although they "loved the treason they despised the traitor," for he never 
received any consideration at their hands for the succession in 1844. 

It was in the canvass of 1840 that the Democratic party won the em- 
blem of which they have ever been proud. At least it is paraded at 
the head of the columns of their newspapers when they have been vic- 
torious in an election. George Pattison, then editor of the Democratic 
paper in this place, wrote to his friend Joe Chapman, of Greenfield, that 
the die was cast and that Mr. Van Buren would be defeated, "but," 



THE TWO OLD POLITICAL PARTIES. 263 

said he, "crow, Chapman, crow!" The late Thomas D. Walpole, at 
that time a Whig, by some means got possession of the letter and pub- 
lished it. The Messrs. Chapman — George and Page — in 1841 became 
proprietors of the paper and placed a rooster at the head of its columns, 
since which time it has been the emblem of the party. 

In the canvass of 1844 Henry Clay was the Whig and James K. 
Polk the Democratic candidate, the issue being the annexation of Texas, 
the United States Bank, and the distribution of the surplus revenue 
among the several States, the Democrats favoring annexation and op- 
posing the other issues, the Whigs maintaining that the annexation of 
Texas would create a war with Mexico, and was intended as a measure 
for the extension of slavery, although they claimed to be conservative 
on that question. 

Although the Whigs had their favorite candidate there was not so 
much enthusiasm as in 1840, yet there was sufficient to bring out the 
entire strength of both parties. The Whigs had calculated that Mr. 
Van Buren would be the Democratic candidate, and prepared many 
songs with his name, among which was one that ran in this wise : 

" There's little Martin, never idle, 
A tricky horse that slips his bridle ; 
In forty-four we'll show him soon, 
The little fox can't fool the coon." 

Mr. Van Buren not being nominated, a new lot of campaign songs 
had to be prepared, but few of which we remember. One was begun 
in this way : 

" The moon was shining silver bright, 

The stars with glory crowned the night. 

High on a limb that same old coon 

Was singing to himself this tune : 

' Get out of the way you're all unlucky, 

Polk can't come it with old Kentucky.' " 

Another, the chorus of which was : 

" Hurrah, hurrah, the country's rising 
For Harry Clay and Frelinghuysen." 

Another, the chorus of which was : 

" Ha, ha, ha, such a nominee, 
As Jimmy Polk, of Tennesse." 

The songs of the Democrats were not so numerous as those of the 



26 SKETCHES OF PROMINEIsfT CITIZENS. 

Whigs, the Whigs having the experience of 1840 in song singing, but 
the few the Democrats sung were to the point, and were sung by their 
glee clubs with great pathos and enthusiasm, one of which ran : 

" Hurrah for Polk and annexalion, 
Against ihe bank and high taxation." 

A circumstance in that canvass which the Democrats took as an 
omen of their success : The brother of the writer, James R. Nowland, 
had purchased a large, heavy coon, which had by good living grown 
fat and lazy. My brother expected to have some fun upon the occa- 
sion of the next Whig meeting, and for which he did not have to wait 
long. In front of the store door was a Whig, or ash, pole ; about six 
feet from the ground, and around the pole, he built a platform, upon 
which he placed a coon and rooster, expecting the' coon to destroy the 
bird while the Whig procession was passing. The bird proved game, 
and instead of being torn to atoms by the coon, mounted upon his 
coonship's back and goaded him until he squealed for an armistice or 
cessation of hostilities. This, to the Democrats, was glory enough for 
the day, and a source of chagrin and mortification to the Whigs. 

In the canvass of 1848, the candidates of the parties w^re General 
Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, as the Whig, General Lewis Cass, of 
Michigan, as the Democrat, and Martin Van Buren as the Free Soil 
candidate. 

General Taylor was fresh from the battle field of Buena Vista, 
where victory had perched upon his banner, having defeated twenty- 
two thousand Mexican troops, under Santa Anna, with four thousand 
five hundred Americans, after having fought two days, 22d and 23d of 
February, 1847. This was thought sufficient to make his victory quite 
easy over another formidable opponent, which proved to be the case. 

The proposition of the President and friends for adjusting the existing 
slavery difficulties and admitting California into the Union met with seri- 
ous opposition from Messrs. Clay and Webster in the Senate. Pending 
that bill the President died on the 9th of July, 1850. Millard Fillmore, 
being at that time Vice President, was inaugurated President on the loth 
of that month. Another and different proposition was then made, I 
believe Mr. Clay being the author of the bill; it was known as the 
" Omnibus bill." This measure received the support of the conserva- 
tive southern members of both political parties.. In the meantime Mr. 
Webster left the Senate and became Secretary of State. 

The night after the passage of the Omnibus bill Mr. Webster was 



ALEXANDER BAINBRIDGE CON DU ITT. 265 

serenaded at his residence on D street. When he appeared on the 
balcony he was called on for a speech. He said, " My heart is too full 
•of gratitude to express my feelings upon this occasion. I will simply 
say that now the winter of my discontent is made glorious summer by 
the action of the United States Senate today." This short quotation 
■seemed to have more significance to the vast crowd present than any- 
thing else he could have said, for it was well known in Washington 
circles that Mr. Webster felt quite a solicitude for the passage of that 
measure as a means of averting serious trouble, if not direct rebellion. 

Never in the history of the United States Senate was there such an 
assemblage of talent as passed the compromise bill of 1850. "There 
were giants in those days." It was during the pending of that bill in the 
Senate that Mr. Clay said to his southern friends, in order to keep them 
in the traces, " When this great Whig party becomes an abolition party 
I am no longer a Whig." 

The passage of this bill met with serious opposition by many of the 
Whig members from the northern states, so much so that they after- 
wards opposed the administration of Mr. Fillmore. 

In 1852 General Scott was the Whig candidate against Franklin 
Pierce, of New Hampshire, as the Democrat. Although General Scott 
had the reputation of being the greatest military man living, he was 
doomed to defeat by comparatively an unknown man. Although Gen- 
eral Scott admired the "sweet German accent and rich Irish brogue," he 
could not secure the foreign vote. It was also charged against the 
administration of President Fillmore that its influence was thrown against 
the election of General Scott. This, to some extent, I am aware of, 
having felt it in a slight way myself. 

During the canvass, and within a few weeks of each other, Mr. Clay 
and Mr. Webster both died — Mr. Clay at the National Hotel, Washing- 
.ton, and Mr. Webster at his home in Marshfield, Massachusetts — and 
with them died the great Whig party, of which the whole country was 
justly proud. 

ALEXANDER BAINBRIDGE CONDUITT 

Was born in Bedford, Trimble county (then Oldham county), Kentucky, 
October 6, 18 18. His father, Willis G. Conduitt, was a native of Ten- 
nessee, and removed from Greene county, in that State, to Barren county, 
Kentucky, soon after the close of the war of 18 12, having served in the 
army of the southwest, which had for its field of operations the Ala- 



266 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. ~ 

bama, Mississippi and Louisiana Territories. He was subsequently- 
married to Matilda, daughter of Jesse Moreland, who had, at an early- 
day in the settlement of Kentucky, removed to Oldharri county, from 
the State of Virginia. 

Mr. Conduitt, in the year 1826, removed with his family to Moores- 
ville, Morgan county, Indiana — Alexander, the subject of this sketch,, 
being then a lad eight years old. With but slight opportunities for ob- 
taining instruction, by attending the usual winter schools, taught in gen- 
eral by persons of very humble capacity, in the primitive school houses 
of the period, he learned to ' ' read, write and cipher " a little, and at the 
age of fifteen years was apprenticed to the business of merchandising in 
a general store, at Danville, Indiana, when, after a service of two years, 
was engaged in the store of Samuel Moore, the pioneer and founder of 
Mooresville, continuing in that position until 1839. 

In the year 1839 he entered into the business of merchandising on 
his own account, and was, in November of the same year, married to- 
Melissa, daughter of John Hardwick, Senior, who had emigrated from 
Madison county, Kentucky, many years before, and settled in the vicin- 
ity of Mooresville. Since 1839, without a single month's interval, has- 
been diligently engaged in merchandising and farming. In 1864 became 
interested in the wholesale dry goods trade in this city, continuing 
therein for seven years; in 1871 changing to the wholesale grocery 
trade — in these twelve years of active mercantile life contributing not a 
little to the development of the wholesale trade of this city. 

We thus find the mercantile experience of Mr. Conduitt reaching: 
back more than forty years, and making him probably the oldest mer- 
chant at this time in business in this city ; and this experience covering 
the period of the infancy, development and maturity of the mercantile 
business of this part of the State. For many years, by reason of the 
scarcity of money, this business involved the necessity of handling the 
heavy products of the country, and there being no other mode of trans- 
porting such commodities in search of a market, Mr. Conduitt often- 
engaged in ventures by way of White river, the Wabash, etc., in 
the traditional flat-boat, laden with pork, flour, etc., and destined for 
New Orleans. This was long before the day of railroads in Indi- 
ana, and the only other mode of conveyance was by wagons to 
points on the Ohio river, or driving of live stock on foot to the same 
destination. There was no speculation in undertakings of this sort. 
The purpose was to» convert such property into money, and was a neces- 
sary part of the business of the general merchant. It involved no little 



OLIVER H. P. ABBETT. 



267 



personal and pecuniary risk, but if profit was made it was fully earned. 
Taken altogether, here was a school for the young merchant in which he 
could hardly fail to learn to depend on industry and economy for suc- 
cess. It is only by reference to such experiences that we can -be able 
properly to appreciate the vast value of the improvements in the modes 
of transportation and methods of business that have come with steam, 
railroads and the telegraph. 

While devoting himself mainly to merchandising and farming, Mr. 
C. found some time to give to politics. In 1844, and again in 
1845, he was chosen to represent Morgan county in the lower 
house of the State Legislature. In 1847 he was chosen State 
Senator from the same district, and served as such for three 
sessions. In 1S50 he was sent by the sam.e district to the con- 
vention which formed the present State constitution. In 1856 he was 
again elected to the House of Representatives. In i860 he was 
a candidate for district elector on the Democratic ticket, and made an 
ardent and careful canvass of the capital district for Stephen A. Doug- 
las. In 1862 was nominated by the Democrats as their candidate for 
Congress in the same district, then composed of the counties of Marion, 
Hendricks, Morgan, Hancock, Shelby and Johnson, but was beaten by 
General Dumont by a few hundred votes. This was his last political 
service, except that he was a delegate to the Democratic presidential 
convention, assembled in 1864 at Chicago, which nominated General 
McClellan for President, and George H. Pendleton for Vice-President. 

There is perhaps no person now doing business in the city so famil- 
iar with the shifts and different ways resorted to by the early merchants 
of the New Purchase for converting the proceeds of their sales into 
money or its equivalent as Mr. Conduitt. He is now one of the lead- 
ing wholesale grocers on South Meridian street. Although doing a 
large business he retains a great deal of the manner of the old time coun- 
try merchant, which is of great advantage to him. For about forty 
years I have known him as a thorough business man — combining as he 
does its requisites, industry, punctuality and integrity. 

OLIVER H. P. ABBETT. 

Mr. Abbett was born in Henry county, Kentucky, on the 4th of Octo- 
ber, 1 8 19. His parents were Virginians, and among the early pioneers 
of Kentucky, and never owned or would own a slave ; they were old 
school Baptists in religion ; Democrats in politics. 



268 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

In 1837 O- H. P. Abbett joined the Methodist church, and was 
licensed to preach in 1S49. O" the 18th of January, 1838, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Emeline Staten. January Sth, 1846, removed to Bartholo- 
mew count}', Indiana, and Hved on the same farm until his removal to 
Indianapolis, on December 15th, 1870. 

He was elected to the Legislature from Bartholomew county in 
1S62, his competitor being Elder H. R. Pritchard, and re-elected in 
1864, his opponent being Captain Baker; in 1870 was elected without 
opposition joint representative of the ^counties of Bartholomew and 
Shelby. 

In 1865 Mr. Abbett withdrew from the Methodist church, as he 
says, in consequence of the bitter political persecutions he was subject 
to from the preachers of that denomination, as he says they said that 
Democrats had but two rights, i. e. , first to die, second to be d — d, and 
he was not willing to accept either, hence the change of church. 

Since his defection from the Methodist church he has been preach- 
ing in the interest of Christian union principles, viz : First, the one- 
ness of the church of Christ ; second, Christ the only head ; third, the 
Bible our only rule of faith and practice ; fourth, good fruits the only 
condition of fellowship ; fifth. Christian union without controversy ; 
sixth, each local church governs itself ; seventh, political preaching dis- 
countenanced. 

The writer has been acquainted with Mr. Abbett several years, and 
must add his testimony to the fact that his practice has been in strict 
accord with his preaching and teachings. And if there is any error in 
either it is most certainly of the head and not the heart. 

Mr. Abbett has two brothers resident of the city — one a leading 
physician, the other a local Methodist preacher. 

PETER ROUTIER, 

As his name would indicate, is a native of Sunny France, born in 
the department De la Marne, December 31, 1837, just in time to enter 
upon life's tempestuous sea, on January i, 183S; as he was on time, on 
this occasion, has always taken it by the forelock as his success indicates. 
He came to this city in 1856, and in the language of the song, "a young 
carpenter boy just nineteen years old." Mr. Routier took his motto 
from the language of Richelieu to his page, "in the bright lexicon of 
youth there is no such word as fail." On his arrival here he lost no time 
prospecting to jump at once to fortune and eminence in his profession, 



THADDEUS M. STEVENS. 269 

but took the sure and safe way until he has reached the top round of the 
carpenter's ladder. Although not king of the realm, he is most assur- 
edly one of the autocrats among the builders and contractors of the city 
and State. Mr. Routier has added to the city over one thousand houses, 
among them some of the finest, of which all citizens are justly proud, 
such as the Grand Hotel, Grand Opera House, Martindale's block, Bos- 
ton block. Circle House, Journal printing building, Griffith's, Brandon, 
Ruschaupt's, Roache's, Talbott, Exchange, Claypool's, Root & Morris's, 
Franklin Life Insurance, Vonnegut, Howe and Thorpe blocks, four city 
engine houses, Ferguson's pork house, Lieber's brewery, Crown Hill 
Cemetery building, the fine residences of George W, Parker, Stoughton 
A. Fletcher, Jr., E. B. Martindale, V. Butch, G. Goepper, J. Dickson, 
three of our fine churches and Elevator B, and over one thousand 
cottages, many of which are first class. His work in the twenty years 
he has been a resident of Indianapolis is almost sufficient to make a city 
of itself. 

Mr. Routier possesses a goodly share of the suavity and manners 
peculiar to the native French, which, coupled with his well known 
integrity and reputation for fair dealing, is one great cause of his success. 
Indianapolis would be benefited if she could number a thousand more 
such men. May he live to build another thousand houses. 

THADDEUS M. STEVENS, M. D. 

Doctor Stevens is one of the few of whom mention is made in this 
work who are natives of Indianapolis. He is the only male representa- 
tive of the family of Joshua Stevens now living. Doctor Stevens was 
born on outlot number 20, which is now a part of the densely settled 
portion of the city. 

Joshua Stevens, the father of the doctor, was the brother of Thad- 
deus M. Stevens, one of the best known politicians of his day, and for 
many years represented in Congress the Lancaster, Pennsylvania, dis- 
trict. Thaddeus M. Stevens, Sen., in honor of whom the doctor was 
named, as well as Joshua Stevens, were natives of Vermont. Joshua 
Stevens came to Indianapolis in 1824, at which time I formed his ac- 
quaintance. He acted as justice of the peace for Center township for 
many years. He purchased donation property, which, after his death, 
became very valuable, so much so as to be a fortune to his heirs. 

Doctor Stevens received his education in this city, and is a graduate 
of the Philadelphia Medical College. He has been connected with two 



270 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

medical colleges ; he has also edited the Indiana Journal of Medicine, 
and is now editor of the Cincinnati Lancet and Observer. He has been 
married twice: In 1861 to Miss Lizzie Kerlin. She having died, he 
was married again, in 1S64, to Miss Lizzie Reese, of Philadelphia. He 
has two children, both boys. 

The doctor now resides at 253 South New Jersey street, near where 
he was born, and where, he tells me, he expects to live the balance 
of his life. 

He seems to have more of a taste for medical literature and science 
than for the practice of his profession, as he is more engaged in that 
line. Doctor Stevens' opinions on medical subjects are universally re- 
ferred to by the medical faculty. 

He is rather below the medium size, quick and elastic in his move- 
ments, social and genial in manners, accommodating in disposition, with 
many friends and no enemies. 

POWELL HOWLAND. 

It is a difficult matter to find a starting point to give the reader a due 
appreciation of the many fine qualities and virtues of the well-known 
citizen whose name heads this sketch. 

Powell Howland is a native of the Empire State. He was born on 
the i6th of October, 1799, at the old town of Saratoga, and within four 
miles of the scene of Burgoyne's defeat, and there remained as a farmer 
until the 17th of October, 1839, ^^ which time he came to Marion county^ 
and purchased of Benjamin Purcell the farm on which he now resides, 
containing then but. one hundred and sixty acres. This farm is situated 
four miles north of the city, on the Noblesville road and Peru railroad. 
He added to this farm until it aggregated three hundred and fifteen acres. 

Mr. Howland was never a chronic office seeker, yet he was selected 
as one of the county commissioners, and also represented the county in 
the House of Representatives of the State Legislature, and performed 
his official duties well. He was the first to propose and contribute for 
a public school in his neighborhood, and had a school house erected on 
his own land, donating a half acre for the purpose, where he has edu- 
cated five of his children, one having been educated in New York. His 
daughter, Mrs. Clements, yet resides in Saratoga county, New York ; 
one of his daughters is the wife of Oliver Johnson, a well-known farmer 
of Washington township, and a son of Mr. John Johnson, a pioneer of 
Marion county ; another daughter is the wife of Resin R. Hammond, a 




S^(Ua^£^ ^e^uJ^!a^<J.^^ 




"F TTOfT temBro 4< Inii^napohb U*b'-iT,m'j 



^}y\^<P^x.^(dxK^ lf€lruA>0'^A^ 



ED WIN A. DATIS. 



2/5 



farmer in the same vicinity ; the eldest son is Morris Rowland, a well- 
known farmer of Perry township ; Elisha J., the second son, and Charles 
A. Rowland, the youngest son, live in the immediate neighborhood of 
their father. 

Mr. Rowland has sold one hundred and twenty-one acres of his 
farm, fifty of which have been laid out as suburban lots of the city. 

Mr. Rowland has ever taken a lively interest in horticulture as well 
as agriculture, growing the finest varieties of fruits, making a speciality 
of grapes and pears. Ris farm and farm buildings are the pictures of 
thrift, industry and comfort. Re was the personal friend of the late 
Governor Joseph A. Wright, who, with his family, for some time resided 
under his hospitable roof 

Re was married in the county of his nativity on the 2d of September, 
1S23, to Miss Mahala Thurber, who is yet his helpmate; her portrait 
will be seen on the right of her husband's. Although he has passed the 
seventy-seventh mile stone in the journey of life, he is yet quite active, 
retaining his mental faculties as fresh as in youth. Nor is Mrs. Row- 
land wanting in either of the above blessings. It is seldom that two 
persons live together over half a century and both of them possess so 
much mental as well as physical vigor as they do. Their house has 
been a favorite place of visiting of young people, both of country and 
city, ever since they have resided in the country; their hospitality is 
proverbial. It is but a few days since that a young couple signified 
their desire to be united in marriage under their roof, which was granted 
and a sumptuous repast provided. 

Mr. Rowland cast his first vote for General Jackson in 1824, and 
has strictly adhered to the party that sprung from his administration 
ever since. 

When Mr. and Mrs. Rowland shall be called home the county will 
lose two of her most worthy and respected citizens, and Indianapolis 
her most liberal patrons. And they can truly say with Byron, 

"I die — but first I have possessed, 
And come what may, I have been blessed." 

EDWIN A. DAVIS. 

Mr. Davis was born in Northboro, Worcester county, Massachusetts, 
on the 14th of July, 1830. He claims to have as much, if not more, of 
the Plymouth Colony Pilgrim Puritan blood in his veins as any man in 
Indiana, if not in the United States. 



276 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

Dolour Davis, a Welshman who married Margery Willard, of Kent, 
England, was a resident of Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1634, and, on 
a fair estimate by the geneologist of the family, had had in 1859 over 
one hundred and twenty-five thousand descendants. The subject of this 
sketch is of the seventh generation of Dolour, above referred to. William 
Eagar, another Welshman, became a resident of Plymouth Colony in 
1624. Mr. Davis' paternal grandmother was of the fourth generation 
from William J. His mother, still living, was a Sherman. 

John Sherman, one of the paternal ancesters, was of Kent, England, 
married a daughter of the Earl of Rivers, and settled in Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, in 1634. He was at one time an officer of Harvard Col- 
lege, and from him descended what is known as the Weathersfield, Con- 
necticut, family of Shermans, one of whom was Roger Sherman, one of 
the signers of the Declaration of Independence ; General William T. 
Sherman and Senator John Sherman, of Ohio, are of this stock. 

The descendants of Dolour Davis are well known in Massachusetts 
as a family of unsullied reputation, their genealogist having failed to 
discover a single instance in which a member of the family had been 
charged with a crime or misdemeanor of any kind. 

An uncle of the father of Edwin A. Davis was for several years Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts, and afterwards the colleague of Daniel Webster 
in the United States Senate. He was familiarly known and called 
"Honest John Davis, of Massachusetts." His oldest son, Bancroft 
Davis, who had much to do with negotiating the Geneva treaty, is now 
United States Minister at Berlin. 

Edwin A. Davis, the subject of this sketch, in 1850 traveled exten- 
sively in Europe, and visited portions of Asia and Africa. At that 
time the Atlantic was not plowed by numerous lines of steamers as 
now, nor was Europe practically overrun with railroads, the Alps were 
not tunneled, and the trip from Venice to Brussels was for the most 
part made in the diligence. Mr. Davis spent several weeks at Athens, 
Greece, and visited the plains of Marathon, also Plata;a, Corinth, Mis- 
solonghi, the Ionian Islands, and various other places of interest. 

The then Grecian government representative from ancient Sparta 
was his friend and guide. Mr. Davis was a graduate of the Harvard 
law school in 1859, ^"d immediately thereafter came to Indianapolis, 
where he has since resided and industriously pursued his profession. His 
extensive acquaintance in the east gave him a large collection business,, 
which, for the past seventeen years, he has managed successfully, and 
principally from this class of business he has succeeded in accumulating 



ED WIN A. DA VIS. 



277 



considerable property. Immediately after the commencement of the 
late civil war Mr. Davis was appointed by Judge Swain, of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, a commissioner of the United States. 

At that time the duties of this office were by no means clearly de- 
fined; a large amount of new legislation by Congress growing out of 
the war had to be construed, and during the four years of the rebellion 
nearly all the criminal cases over which the United States courts for the 
district of Indiana had jurisdiction were brought before Mr. Davis for 
examination ; and as such commissioner he issued to the United States 
Marshal for this district over si.x hundred warrants, and in none of these 
cases has the United States Circuit or Supreme Court overruled Mr. 
Davis's opinion of the law. 

In March, 1870, Mr. Davis was married to Annie G. Dudley, a na- 
tive of Raymond, New Hampshire, by whom he had one child. 

Mr. Davis is well known in Indiana, and indeed through the west as 
the author or editor of various law-books. In February, 1862, he re- 
edited the first volume of Blackford's Reports. In February, 1863, was 
issued Davis's Indiana Digest. This work was pronounced by compe- 
tent critics as the best of the kind ever produced west of the Allegheny 
mountains, and at once gave him the reputation of a law writer. In 
1864 he re-edited Judge David McDonald's Treatise, a work which, 
since its publication, has been the standard authority for justices of the 
peace in Indiana. 

In 1870 he edited and Robert Clark & Co., of Cincinnani, published 
a supplement to his volume of Indiana Digest, and the same year was 
edited by him and issued what is known as the Third Volume of Indiana 
Statutes, being a supplement to the edition of Gavin & Hord. Imme- 
diately after this re-edited the last six volumes of Blackford's and the 
first volume of Indiana Reports. In 1875, Robert Clark & Co., of Cin- 
cinnati, published Davis's New Indiana Digest, a work of over seventeen 
hundred pages (royal 8vo., brevier type, double column). This work 
includes not only the eight volumes of Blackford, and the first forty-six 
volumes of Indiana Reports, but also a digest of the Revised Statutes 
of the State. In 1876, Bingham & Co., of Indianapolis, published the 
new edition of the Revised Statutes of Indiana, in two volumes, of near 
two thousand pages, indexed by James K. Jones, Esq., of the Indiana- 
polis bar, with notes and references to judicial decisions of the State of 
Indiana, which work was at once adopted and cited by the Supreme 
Court and highly commended by Governor Hendricks and all who have 
examined it, and which at once met with a large sale. 

From these statistics it will readily be seen that Mr. Davis has not 



278 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



been an idle man, or like many others, undertaken a work he was not 
competent to perform ; he has certainly shown ability for anything he 
may undertake in a legal way. For the information of the disciples of 
Faust, I would say that the first volume of Davis's Digest was the first 
book that was ever stereotyped in Indiana, and by a careful estimate 
he has furnished to typos for law books alone over sixty millions ems 
which they have set up. The printed pages in the works referred to 
aggregate eleven thousand and five hundred, the composition and stere- 
otyping of which cost over sixty thousand dollars. 

Although Mr. Davis has done such an amount of labor, he tells me 
he made but little if any thing on these publications ; his accummulations 
have been from his practice and other sources. I take pleasure in 
recording for posterity the labors and great legal ability of one who 
has done so much to assist his legal brethren in their practice, by 
furnishing brief and concise reports of the higher courts. That Mr. 
Davis's books are valuable for furnishing legal authority, I have before 
me testimonials of the members of the Supreme Court, lawyers of the 
highest legal attainments of the State, the city press, the Cincinnati and 
other western paper. 

Mr. Davis's name will go down to posterity along with that of the 
late Judge Blackford, as one of the most profound legal writers of the 
day. He is a plain, unostentatious man, frank though courteous to all. 
Although his mind is so well stored with legal lore there is yet room for 
the retention of a good anecdote or story, and no one knows how to tell 
themi with better effect. I have heard him called ' ' the great North 
American story teller," or the "Abe Lincoln of Indiana." 

I hope the descendants of the Mayflower pilgrims will furnish Indi- 
anapoHs with a few more of the same sort of citizens. It can be said 
of Mr. Davis, in more than one way, that he has descended from one of 
the best families of America or the New Continent ; his geneology runs 
back to 1634. 

JOHN B. SULLIVAN. 

Mr. Sullivan is a plain off-hand kind of a man, with a lofty resolve 
about him, and a quick perceptibility of the right ; he is blessed with 
the peculiar faculty of knowing men at first sight, and reads them as 
they come along with an aptness and certainty that he could the bad or 
good points of a horse. 

He was for several years superintendent of the State fairs. During 
his administration of its affairs it prospered and was always renumera- 
tive to the association. 



JOHK B. SULLIVAA'. 279 

In the strict sense of the word, and as I generally use the term, he is 
not an "old settler." He came to Indianapolis in 1848, when it was but 
a small town and he quite young. His connection with the fairs has 
made him well known throughout the State as well as in the city. His 
kind and jovial manners and disposition have won him a host of friends ; 
and when a person once makes the acquaintance of John B. Sullivan he 
will hardly ever forget him. 

John B. Sullivan was born in Annapolis, Maryland, and inherits 
many traits of character peculiar to southern people. He is liberal in 
his opinions as well as with his means, and possesses the faculty of 
making friends for himself of those that circumstances or business 
brings him in contact with. Although the writer has not known him 
very long, yet quite long enough to learn the truth of this brief tribute 
to the many good qualities of his head and heart. 

He was the personal friend of the late Caleb J. McNulty, of Ohio, 
and helped to perform the last sad rites to his mortal remains. They 
both belonged to Company B, Second Ohio regiment of volunteers, 
commanded by Colonel George W. Morgan, during the Mexican war. 
This regiment left Cincinnati about the I2th of July, 1846, on board the 
steamer Jamestown. When opposite Plumb Point, on the Mississippi, 
Mr. McNulty died, and was buried by his comrades at Helena, Arkansas. 
Mr. Sullivan there procured the services of a minister and had the burial 
service read at the grave. 

I have digressed from my subject to speak of the eloquent and tal- 
ented McNulty, who was at one time a member of Congress from one of 
the Ohio districts, and afterwards chief clerk of the House of Repre- 
sentatives. Who that remembers the Presidential campaign in Ohio in 
1S44 can forget him? 

In that lonely graveyard at Helena, Arkansas, on the banks of 
"the Father of Waters," sleeps all that was earthly of the eloquent 
speaker, the fast friend and devoted patriot, Caleb J. McNulty. 

The deep respect, mingled with tenderness and admiration, Mr. 
Sullivan entertained for him, caused a natural despondency of feeling in 
his bosom when he thought of the gulf that separated him from his 
friend, though after the first burst of sorrow was over he turned to 
his companions to look in vain for one to whom he was so devotedly 
attached ; but for a long time the blank was unfilled, as our feelings are 
often tardy in accommodating themselves to the inevitable decrees of 
Providence. 
17 



28o SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

REV. J. C. SMITH 

Was born April 17, 1809, in Madison county, Kentucky, and emigrated 
to Indiana in 1820 with his father's family, and settled near Madison, irt 
Jefferson county. The whole country was new, and the facilities for 
schools and churches few and far between. 

The roads, if any, consisted of corduroy, Indian trails, cow paths,, 
blazed trees, or mud roads ; of turnpikes and railroads there were none. 
Fish abounded in the streams and wild turkeys and deer filled the for- 
ests. Agues and fevers were the principal products of the soil, but 
those were of a much milder type than those which prevail now and 
yielded readily to the remedies then in use, such as calomel and jalap, 
Peruvian bark, snake root, sage and spice-wood teas, freely alternated 
with tanzy, butter and such like simple remedies of the field and garden. 
Young Smith was taught in early boyhood the useful arts and sciences 
of the farm, but not relishing the plow, hoe and sickle, he usually hur- 
ried through his tasks and spent the remainder of the day in fishing,, 
hunting and shooting wild game which abounded everywhere ; trappings 
the mink, raccoon and grey squirrel was a favorite sport and it often 
paid. But those sports soon began to lose their charm for the more solid 
and useful study of books. These he cherished from early boyhood ; 
orthography, history, arithmetic and geography were his delights. 

His first school-master in Indiana was a man by the name of John 
M. Foster, a lawyer by profession, but having become too intemperate 
to pursue that occupation, he took up the profession of a common 
school-teacher, and for this business, apart from his drinking habits, he 
had admirable qualifications both by nature and education. Was a 
Yankee by birth, neat in person, scholarly in his tastes, kind in disposi- 
tion, loved the school room, loved children and took pleasure always in 
teaching them the principles of morality and religion, though given by 
spells to the habit of intoxication. Even to this day Mr. Smith remem- 
bers this extraordinary man, and attributes to him his first ideas of what 
is noble in learning and correct in literary taste. Alas ! that such a mind 
should have been destroyed by the love of drink. 

Having laid the elements of an English education with Mr. Foster 
in a country log school house, our young friend sought a higher theater 
of action in the pursuit of knowledge, and in the year 1827 he gained 
admission to Beaumont Parks' academy, in the city of Madison. Here 
he devoted his principal energy to the study of the Latin and Greek 
languages, to the lower branches of mathematics, and to moral and 



REV. J. C. SMITH. 281 

intellectual philosophy. Between the young student and Mr. Parks 
there sprung up a strong mutual friendship, which has continued to the 
present day. 

In the fall of 1834, when Mr. Smith was stationed at Bloomington, 
Indiana, as pastor of the Methodist Episcopal church, Mr. Parks held the 
professorship of languages in the State University there, and kindly 
invited his friend and former student to resume his studies in his depart- 
ment, which service he offered to bestow gratis. This Mr. Smith grate- 
fully accepted. Here he reviewed his Latin and Greek studies, and 
added to them the usual studies of the senior year, and was offered the 
privilege of an honorary graduation at the ensuing commencement of 
the institution in the fall of 1835, which however was declined. 

While at the academy in Madison Mr. Smith became acquainted 
with Rev. Edwin Ray, then in charge of the Methodist Episcopal 
church in that city, and through his influence was led to seek and 
embrace religion and join the church. Perhaps no more enduring and 
cordial friendship ever was formed than that which existed between this 
devoted, eloquent and accomplished pastor and his young disciple. 

Mr. Smith has often been heard to say since those days, alas, that 
sweet friendship was too soon to be broken on earth by the hand of 
death 1 Inscrutable Providence, why was one so good, so devoted, so 
eloquent, and richly gifted by nature, and fitted by learning for exten- 
sive usefulness, so early cut down by disease and death. 

This strong friendship was the more sanctified by the peculiar rela- 
tion between these men, that of father and son in the ministry. Said 
Mr. Ray to the young Smith, shortly after the conversion of the latter, 
I have a presentment that God has called you to the office of a minister 
of Jesus Christ, and I now charge you, my son, to be my representa- 
tive in that work. Though I am young, I am admonished that my 
ministry will soon terminate, and I desire you fully to stand in my place 
and represent my work when I am gone. These words seemed pro- 
phetic, for the noble, the generous, the beloved Ray died in less than 
four 'years after. Had he lived to old age he would, doubtless, have 
left Vname and fame in Indiana Methodism, which but few have at- 
tained. Colonel John W. Ray, of this city, is his son and only heir, 
and right well is he carrying out the work which his father began 
nearly fifty years ago. It has always been a subject of no little grati- 
fication to Mr. Smith, that while stationed in Greencastle, in 1847, it 
was his privilege to receive into the fellowship of the church this son 



282 SA-ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

of the honored father, as the father had received him to the same fel- 
lowship twenty years before. 

Mr. Smith was hcensed to preach the gospel in the fall of 1 830, then 
being a resident of Jefferson county, Indiana, and after filling several 
appointments successfully, was stationed at Indianapolis, in the fall of 
1835, as pastor of Wesley Chapel (since known as Meridian Street M. 
E. church); he remained in this charge till the fall of 1838. It was 
during the last year of his pastorate in Wesley Chapel that the great 
revival took place, which is vividly remembered to this day by the old 
citizens. During this great religious awakening nearly three hundred 
were converted and united with the church, embracing all ages and 
classes, and numbering among them many of the first and most influ- 
ential citizens, who gave to Methodism in the capital a status and power 
it had never enjoyed before. The population of the city was then about 
four thousand, with but three churches, Methodist, Presbyterian and 
Baptist; the last two named were very feeble in numbers and resources. 
Mr. Smith having been a citizen of Indianapolis most of the time since 
that period, can now realize the wonderful changes that have taken place 
in the population, churches, commerce, wealth and general resources of 
the city as but few can do. When he contrasts the present scene with 
the little city of that day and looks upon its hundred thousand inhabi- 
tants, its splendid churches, its elegant private dwellings, its magnificent 
public buildings, its thundering railroads, its fountains, its parks and 
beautiful shaded streets, its Sabbath schools, its hospitals, its manufac- 
tures and growing commerce, it seems to be the work of enchantment, 
but is really the work of steady toil, mechanical genius and enligntened 
Christian zeal. 

Mr. Smith was compelled several years ago to relinquish the regu- 
lar pastoral work of the church on account of declining health, but has 
continued in a superannuated relation to the conference to preach as 
health and opportunity would permit and in every possible way to ad- 
vance the cause of Christ's kingdom. In doctrine and church formula 
he is a Methodist, though he early in his ministry saw and felt the' ne- 
cessity of a closer union among Christians, and this was one of his fa or- 
ite themes in the pulpit. He rejoices now that his labors and the labors 
of others of like sentiments have not been in vain. He rejoices in the 
rapid growth of Christian fraternity among ministers and laymen of all 
denominations, and that Christ's prayer for the unity of the church is 
being rapidly fulfilled. 

In politics our friend is a staunch Republican, regularly descended 



DELANEY WILEY, M. D. 283 

from the old Whig party. He looks with confidence and pride on the 
Republican cause ; admits that corrupt men have sometimes crept into 
it as they have into the church, and into every good cause on earth, but 
still he glories in the grand record of his party from its very organiza- 
tion to the present time. Its usefulness history will justify. It has 
always been the party of popular freedom and civil progress and re- 
form. It has broken the chains of more than four millions of slaves, 
and put into their hands the elective franchise as citizens of this Ameri- 
can nation of free men. 

From his boyhood he has been an unflinching abolitionist ; he saw 
the great wrong of slavery, the sum of all villainies, and preached 
against it and wrote kgainst it when it cost something to do so. He 
watched with great eagerness the progress of the late war, believing that 
whatever of human agency there might be in it, God was in it control- 
ing it as his own chosen method to wipe out this great moral and po- 
litical curse of the nation. During the darkest periods of the war Mr. 
Smith saw the land of promise and the triumph of truth. He heard 
the shouts of God's invisible agents amidst the roar of cannon and the 
dread tramp of millions of armed men going to battle. And now, in 
his old age, he rejoices in a free country, a free church, and the rapid 
spread of righteousness and humanity over all nations. 

DELANFA^ WILEY, M. D. 

Dr. Wiley is the third son of the Rev. Allen Wiley, one of the 
pioneer Methodist preachers of Indiana Territory. He was born in the 
midst of a dense and heavily-timbered forest, in Switzerland county, 
seven miles north of Vevay, on the 12th of August, 18 15. He was 
cradled in a sugar trough, that being the only cradle known to the 
pioneer women of that Territory. 

At the age of five years he walked three miles through mud and 
rain to school where he learned the A B C's pasted on a paddle, which 
was in turn passed from one scholar to another. After being educated 
up to the point he learned his A B abs in Dilhvorth's and Webster's 
spelling books ; multiplication, subtraction and addition he is indebted 
for to Dayball's arithmetic. At the age of six years he assisted his 
father in rolling logs, burning brush and preparing ground for cultivation. 
At the age of eight years he was placed between the handles of a plow 
with o.xen as the propelling power. With the same o.xen hauled wheat 
and oats on a log sled to Vevay, which he sold for salt and other 



284 SKETCHES OF PROMIKENT CITIZENS. 

necessaries for the family. The miUing was done at a hand- and some- 
times a horse-mill which required great labor to procure a small amount 
of bread. 

The first money Doctor Wiley ever made for himself was at the age 
of six years; he cleared ground for Hethcoat Picket, a half breed Indian. 
This Indian was in the habit of trading to New Orleans, and had walked 
from there four times: At that time Switzerland county had but three 
hundred and seventy-seven voters, with a population of eighteen hundred 
and thirty-two. 

The doctor was but eight months and seven days old when Indiana 
was admitted into the Union. His grandfather on his mother's side, 
William H. Eads, was a member of the constitutional convention from 
Franklin county. Doctor Wiley had six brothers and three sisters, ten 
in all, not one of which ever tasted intoxicating liquor, chewed or 
smoked tobacco. 

On the 7th of January, 1837, he was married by the Rev. Joseph 
Tarkington to Miss Elizabeth K. Lindley, of Vevay. From the time 
he left his place of birth, 1837 to 1840, he was engaged in merchandising; 
he then commenced the study of medicine. In 1845 he commenced 
practice, and has steadily followed his profession since that time. 

Doctor Wiley having lost his wife by death, he was married at 
Jefifersonville, by the Rev. Robert Curran, to Miss Matilda A. Tomlin, 
on the 14th of October, 1846. 

He commenced practice in Jeffersonville in 1845, and there re- 
mained until 1 86 1, when he came to Indianapolis, where he found and 
still retains a large and lucrative practice. As he was born and never 
lived in any other State than Indiana, inasmuch as he passed his six- 
tieth mile stone in the journey of life, he will spend his remaining days 
in the land of his nativity. Doctor Wiley is a worthy representative of 
an honored parentage. He has but three children, who it is hoped will 
inherit the good qualities and habits of their ancestors. 

JOHN HANNA. 

Mr. Hanna, a son of James Parks Hanna, was born September 3, 
1827, in what is now a part of the city of Indianapolis. His father 
entered and improved eighty acres of land in Warren township ; he 
there died on the 31st of August, 1839, leaving a widow and five child- 
ren, John being the eldest. The mother died in 1844; John and the 
children remained on the farm until 1846, when General Robert Hanna, 



JOHN HANNA. 285 

being their guardian, at his instance the children broke up house- 
keeping to the end that they might go to school. The subject of this 
sketch, determined to acquire an education, started for Greencastle in 
February, 1846, with four dollars only in his pocket, walked the entire 
way, entered the university, got the position of janitor of the college, 
worked his way through college and graduated with honors in June, 
1850. He then entered the law office of Judge Delaney R. Eckles and 
there finished the study of his profession ; he then becarr^^ the law-partner 
•of his preceptor and settled in Greencastle. He was then elected mayor 
of the city of his adoption, and served three years. After Judge Eckles 
went upon the bench as circuit judge, IVTr. Hanna formed a partnership 
with the Hon. John A. Matson, which continued until the spring of 
1858, when he went to Kansas. He was the same year elected a mem- 
ber of the Territorial Legislature from the county of Lykins, now Miami, 
and served as such during the session of 1868-9. ^^s chairman of the 
judiciary committee, introduced and carried through the act abolishing 
and prohibiting slavery in the Territory ; was an earnest and working 
Republican in politics. After remaining one year in Kansas he returned 
to Greencastle, and resumed the practice of law. In the Presidential 
canvass of i860 he was the Republican elector of the seventh district, 
and as such voted for Abraham Lincoln. Prior to the Chicago conven- 
tion he had advocated the nomination of Edward Bates, of Missouri, 
for the Presidency. Afterward Mr. Bates became Lincoln's Attorney 
General. Hon. Henry S. Lane and Schuyler Colfax recommended the 
appointment of Mr. Hanna for United States Attorney for the district 
of Indiana, and he was also recommended by Mr. Bates, and appointed 
a few days after the inauguration of President Lincoln, served four years ; 
then his re-appointment was ordered by Mr. Lincoln; although his 
name was not sent to the Senate until after the death of the President. 
He continued to serve until the split between Johnson (the successor of 
Lincoln) and the Republican party, when he denounced Johnson, and 
.at a Johnson meeting held in Indianapolis he introduced a series of 
resolutions, which was the immediate cause of his being removed, and 
Alfred Kilgore was appointed. This proves clearly that Mr. Hanna's 
political opinions were not in the market to be transferred as merchant- 
odise. 

He furnished Mr. Kilgore all the information desired as to the busi- 
ness of the office ; assisted him in the trials the first term after his ap- 
pointment. Mr. Hanna then formed a partnership with General Fred 
Knefler, of this city, in the practice of law, and has devoted his time 



286 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITJZEXS. v 

entirely to the practice of his profession except in the canvass of 1868, 
when he, at the request of his political friends, canvassed the county of 
Putnam as a candidate for the Legislature. Although defeated, he ran 
ahead of the State ticket. Since 1868 he has made no political speeches, 
although known as a decided outspoken Republican in politics. 

His life at the bar has been a constant warfare, and he has had more 
than the usual share of hotly contested litigated cases. He has, per- 
haps, been engaged in as many jury trials as any lawyer of his age. As 
United States Attorney, during the war, his position was one requiring 
gr.eat labor, yet, without assistance, he managed to discharge his duties 
to the entire satisfaction of the government. The prosecutions for vio- 
lations of the draft laws, the revenue laws, confiscation acts, conspira- 
ices, treason and felonies, were numerous, as the records of the court at- 
test. As a successful prosecutor his record was satisfactory to those 
who gave him their influence. 

Since he commenced the practice of law in this city he has been en- 
gaged in a number of the most prominent murder cases for the defense, 
the Clem case, perhaps, being the most^oted. His practice at present 
is remunerative. He still resides at Greencastle, where he has a lovely 
home near the town. His family library is the best in the county, and 
the favorite resort of his children of evenings. He regards it as money 
well spent, and it is his boast that he never had a moment's concern 
about the whereabouts of his boys after night. His sons incline to be 
farmers rather than professional men. The oldest is now a farmer in 
Hendricks county. 

While attending the University Mr. Hanna became acquainted with 
Miss Mahala Sherfy, of Perrysvj^le, Vermillion county, who was attend- 
ing the female collegiate seminary, then in charge of Mrs. Larabie, wife 
of Professor William C. Larabie. Miss Sherfy and Mr. Hanna gradu- 
ated from the same rostrum in June, 1850, and May, 185 i, they were 
married. Mrs. Hanna was a woman of liberal education and superior 
intellect, and in the fullest sense of the term a true wife. As a Christian 
she was beloved by her neighbors and idolized by her husband; she was 
the mother of seven children, one whom died in infancy. She died in 
the spring of 1870, leaving her partner three sons and three daughters. 

Mr. Hanna remained a widower two years, then married Mrs. Emma 
Pothorff, of Greencastle. They have now an additional son and 
daughter, eight in all. His children are devoted to him, and it seems a 
labor of love for him to work in their interest. His eldest child, a 
daughter, Lillie, graduated at the University two years ago. Mr. H. 



JOHN HANNA. 287 

was therefore the first graduate of that institution that furnished a daugh- 
ter for graduation. His second daughter and two of his sons are now 
attending the same University. He believes in giving girls an equal 
chance with boys in the advantages of education, and therefore insisted 
that the Univer.sity should open its doors to both, which was finally 
done. The result has proven that the " honors " may be won by the so- 
called weaker sex if they are given an equal opportunity. 

Mr. Hanna's great success in his profession has demonstrated that he 
is a man of much more than ordinary natural ability, starting out a poor 
boy, comparatively without friends or money, working his way through 
college, and attaining an enviable and high position botft as a civil and 
criminal lawyer. It is certainly a great incentive to other poor young 
men to go and do likewise. Mr. Hanna's record shows that he has. 
descended from an ancestry that had rendered service during the Revo- 
lution. 

His great grandfather was a native of South Carolina, and was there 
engaged during the entire struggle for American independence in be- 
half of liberty and the stars and stripes ; he had a large family of sons. 
Mr. H.'s grandfather, John Hanna, with whom the writer was well ac- 
,quainted, being one of the elder brothers, the late Gen. Robert Hanna, 
the younger, and several more of the family, removed to Brookville, 
Franklin county, early in the history of Indiana Territory. Gen. Robert 
Hanna was a member of the convention that framed the first constitu- 
tion of the State in 1816. The father of the subject of this sketch was 
a mere boy at the time they first came to Indiana. They removed to 
Marion county in 1826. The grandfather settled on a farm near where 
the poor house now stands in Wayne township ; his brother Joseph, a 
short distance from him on the Crawfordsville State road. James Parks 
Hanna, father of John, lived with his uncle. General Hanna, up to the 
time of his marriage with Miss Lydia Heward, of New Jersey ; with 
him too I was personally acquainted, and know whereof I write. 

Four years ago Mr. Hanna removed the remains of his father and 
mother to the Greencastle cemetery, where they will probably remain 
until that day when the graves and the sea will be called on to give up 
their dead. Mr. Hanna's record is one worthy of emulation, and should 
be inscribed in the pages of history. 

In person he is about five feet eight inches in height, with a heavy, 
square frame, though not inclined to corpulency, dark hair, eyes and 
complexion, and seems to be in the full strength and vigor of manhood, 
plain and unassuming in manner. A stranger upon entering our court 



288 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

rooms could at once single him out as one of the leading spirits of the 
Indianapolis bar. 

"Nothing is difficult beneath the sky ; 
Man only fails because he fails to try." 

Since the above was written Mr. Hanna was nommated by the Re- 
publican convention for Representative in Congress from the capital 
city district, and was elected at the State election in October, defeat- 
ing the Hon. Franklin Landers, the incumbent (and one of the most 
popular men in the district), thirteen hundred and ninety-eight votes. 
• 

JOHN S. NEWMAN 

Was born in Montgomery county, Ohio, on the loth of April, 1805. 
In March, 1807, he came to what is now Wayne township, in Wayne 
•county, with his grandfather, who settled two miles north of Richmond. 
His mother having died he was taken into the family of his grandfather, 
Andrew Hoover, Sen. It seems he was fitted by nature for the strug- 
gles he must encounter, and has manfully overcome all, and was ever 
found on the upward path. 

In January, 1827, he removed to Centerville, where he was em- 
ployed in the office of his uncle, David Hoover, who was clerk of the 
county courts. He there studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 
May, 1828, and continued the practice of law until 1S60. For nearly 
ten years of the period of his practice he was in partnership with Jesse 
P. Siddall, the firm being Newman & Siddall. He was, afterwards, for 
several years engaged in mercantile business in the firm of Hannah & 
Newman, at Centerville. 

In 1850 he was elected a delegate to the convention to revise the 
•constitution. In 1847 he was chosen president of the Whitewater 
Canal Company, and served as such five years. In 185 1 he was elected 
president of the Indiana Central R^ailway Company. In i860, for con- 
venience to his business, he removed to Indianapolis. For the past 
several years he has been president of the Merchants' National Bank of 
this city. 

On the first of October, 1829, he was married to Miss Eliza J., 
daughter of Samuel Hannah, Esq. They have had six children. Mary 
married Dr. H. G. Carey ; Gertrude is the wife of Mr. Ingram Fletcher, 
a banker of this city ; Omar is engaged in the lumber business in Chi- 
cago ; Walter, who was first lieutenant in the United States army and 



ANDRE W BRO USE. 289 

served in the army of the Union, died in this chy, January i, 1864, of 
a disease contracted in the army. Two other children died in infancy. 
Mr. Newman is well-known to the business men of this city, and is 
highly respected for his kind and obliging disposition, and charities to 
those less fortunate than himself. The writer remembers him as a reg- 
ular attendant upon the Supreme and Federal Courts forty years ago. . 

SAMUEL DELZELL 

Was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, on the 17th of August, 
1819; came to Indiana and settled in Warren township, Marion county, 
an 1827. In 183 1 he came to Indianapolis for the purpose of learning 
the book binding business. After finishing his apprenticeship he, in 1844, 
commenced the business in connection with a man named Lane, the 
firm being Lane & Delzell ; this firm continued two years; he then 
became the partner of Mann, under the name and style of Mann & 
Delzell ; in 185 1 he became connected with Tyler, the firm being Delzell 
& Tyler; this firm continued until 1859. 

Mr. Delzell was a member of the city council, representing the first 
ward from 1852 until 1856; was a good and working member. 

After retiring from the book binding business in 1859 he engaged in 
the real estate business, in connection with Mr. Smith, under the name 
and title of Delzell & Smith. 

Mr. Delzell married Miss Martha S., daughter of the late Hiram 
Brown. From 1872 to '1 874 he, with his wife and daughter, traveled 
in Europe, visiting the principal cities and towns of the continent. He 
has just now returned from a tour of four months in California. 

Mr. Delzell has lived to see Indianapolis grow from a village of five 
hundred inhabitants to a commercial city of one hundred thousand 
inhabitants ; to see the old log school house replaced by those costing 
forty thousand dollars ; to see the elegant train of railroad cars take the 
place of the old six passenger stage coach or mud wagon. 

By industry, economy and strict integrity, he has secured a com- 
petency of the world's goods quite sufficient for old age. 

ANDREW BROUSE 

Was born in Bickley county, Virginia, on the 5th of February, 1801; 
with his father's family emigrated to Ohio in 1806, and settled with three 
other families in the woods. Two years afterwards the county of High- 



290 



SKETCHES OF PRO.^IINENT CITIZENS. 



land was organized and the town of Hillsboro laid out. The fact that 
the county was an almost unbroken and impenetrable wilderness ren- 
dered the chances for education very limited ; hence Mr. Brouse received 
but little. Mr. Brouse grew up to manhood, then learned the carpen- 
ter's trade. 

In 1824 he was married to Miss Mary Ann Wilkins, sister of the late 
John Wilkins of this city. 

In 183s came to Indianapolis, and has been a resident since that 
time. When in his fourteenth year he joined the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and has been a regular and consistant member since that time. 
Although he has passed the time generally allotted to man, he is yet 
vigorous and seems to be good for another score. In the forty years 
I have known him he has borne an irreproachable character, both as a 
man and Christian. He is a brother to the Rev. John Brouse, a well 
known Methodist minister, who is mentioned in another sketch. 

JUDGE JEREMIAH SMITH. 

Judge Smith was a native of South Carolina ; with his father's family 
came to Indiana, in 18 17, and settled in White River township, Ran- 
dolph county, and soon after removed to Winchester. Mr. Smith was 
county surveyor, prosecuting attorney, and for eight years judge of the 
Circuit Court and for thirty years a practicing lawyer. 

He was said to be one of the best expounders of the old English law 
of any legal man in the State. Some year^since he had a protracted 
discussion with Ovid Butler, Esq., on the subject, " Is slavery sinful ?"^ 
Mr. Smith took the negative, advocating the instincts of his early edu- 
cation. The debate was published in book form and widely circulated. 
In connection with the late Oliver H. Smith, he was mainly instrumental 
in the building of the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis 
railway (now known as the Bee Line), from Indianapolis to Union City 
on the State line. 

Mr. Smith wrote the early history and reminiscences of Randolph 
county, a work that will be highly prized by the future historian of that 
part of the State. His old friend Oliver H. Smith, in his " Early Indi- 
ana Trials and Sketches," says of him: 

" He received in early life a good common English education, which 
he improved after he entered upon the active duties of life'. He was 
emphatically a self-made man, with a vigorous m.ind, a strong, sound 
constitution and untiring energy. He rose rapidly to a high stand 



/SAJC howa: 



291 



,at the bar. Judge Smith in person is large and corpulent, high, 
broad forehead, full face, good features. As a speaker he makes no 
pretense to eloquence, but marches directly to the point in controversy 
with all his might, throwing himself bodily into the argument. The 
judge has many years been an active member of the Christian church, 
and one of the trustees of the University at Indianapolis. He is 
president of the Cincinnati, Union and Fort Wayne, and the Evans- 
ville, Indianapolis and Cleveland Straight Line Railroad Companies ; 
still his indomitable energy and untiring perseverance seem to be equal 
to the labors he performs." 

Mr.- Smith lived many years of usefulness after the above was written. 
He died in 1874, aged sixty-nine years, leaving six sons and two 
daughters. William K. Smith is engaged in the boot and shoe business 
at Union City ; John D., in the jewelry business in the same city ; Charles 
C. , in the drug business in Winchester; Mary E. married to Frank B. 
Carter, at Bradford Junction, Ohio; Henry B., in the jewelry business 
at Hartford City, Indiana, and elected clerk of the county in 1876; 
Charlotte A., married to Dr. George W. White, of Bradford Junction; 
Jeremiah Giles Smith is a resident of Indianapolis, and extensively en- 
gaged in the plumbing and gas fitting business on Pennsylvania street ; 
and Oliver H. Smith, a young man living at Union City. 

The writer well remembers Judge Smith, when his visits were quite 
frequent to the capital on business of a public nature or before the 
Supreme or United States Courts. He was ever looked upon as a lead- 
ing man in the northeast portion of the State, where he was well known 
both as a lawyer and a man of the most uncompromising and sterling 
integrity. 

ISAAC HOWK 

Was born in Lee, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, on the 23d day of 
July, 1793. His father was a farmer, and his own boyhood and early 
youth were chiefly spent in agricultural pursuits. During the years 
1812 and 181 3 he was a student most of the time at Williams College, in 
Williamstown, Massachusetts, but his means were limited, and did not 
admit of his completing the full course of college studies. About the 
year 18 15 his father's famil)' removed from Massachusetts, and settled 
in Wellington, Lorain county, Ohio. He came west with his parents 
and family, but did not remain with them. Having determined to pur- 
sue a professional life he spent the year 18 16 in the study of law at Cin- 
cinnati. Early in the year 18 17, having first obtained license to prac- 



292 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



tice law, he located in the town of Charlestown, Clarke county, Indiana, 
and entered upon the practice of his chosen profession. 

On the 13th day of July, 1S20, he was married to Elvira Vail. 
On the 24th day of May, 1833, at Indianapolis, Indiana, while in at- 
tendance upon the Supreme Court, he died in the fortieth year of his 
age. At the time of his death his professional practice was large and 
lucrative, and he was rapidly acquiring fame and fortune. His widow 
survived him more than thirty-six years. He left three children sur- 
viving him, one of whom died in early boyhood, and the other two are 
now residing in New Albany, Indiana. 

Mr. Howk was an able lawyer at the time of his death, among the 
first of his profession in this State ; his practice had become large, and 
extended to nearly all the counties in Southern Indiana. He repre- 
sented Clarke county in the State Legislature some six sessions, and 
was chosen speaker of that body for the thirteenth and fifteenth sessions. 
His decisions whilst speaker were prompt and judicious, and evinced a 
thorough knowledge of parliamentary law and rules for the government 
of deliberative bodies. He was a delegate to the Masonic Grand Lodge 
of Indiana at its organization, was its grand secretary in 1820, and its 
grand master in 1826. At the time of his death he was prosecuting 
attorney for the second judicial district of Indiana. In the discharge of 
every duty, public and private, entrusted to him, no taint of corruption 
ever appeared, or was even whispered against him. Honor, truth and 
justice governed his actions through life, and he left an untarnished name 
as a legacy to his children. The following notice of his death appeared 
in the Indiana Democrat : 

Obituary.— Died, in Indianapolis, on Friday evening, the 24th ult., at the Washing- 
ton Hall, of a violent attack of colic, Isaac Howk, Esq., aged about forty years. Mr. 
Howk was a resident of Charlestown, Clarke county, Indiana, and arrived here on Thurs- 
day evening in good health. After breakfast, on Friday, he was attacked with the dis- 
ease .above stated, and after the niost intense suffering departed this life in the full pos- 
session of his senses, at about nine o'clock the same evening. Every exertion was made 
to relieve him, but his hour had arrived, and the messenger soon performed his office. 
Mr. Howk has left a wife and three small children to lament the greatest of human 
losses — a kind and affectionate husband and parent. In his early manhood he emigrated 
to Indiana from the State of Massachusetts, and by his own exertion had raised himself 
to the first rank in his profession, and had occupied several conspicuous stations in the 
public eye,having been repeatedly elected to the House of Representatives, and on several 
occasions honored as the speaker of that body, the duties of which station he fdled with 
honor to himself and advantage to the public. At the time of his decease he held the 
office of prosecuting attorney in the second judicial district. His death will te deeply 
regretted by his numerous acquaintances, who regarded him as a man of talent, probity 
and worth, and the social circle of Charlestown will lament the loss of one who, in the 
/ 



REV. FERNANDEZ C. HOLLIDAY, D. D. 



293 



capacity of a neighbor and friend, was highly esteemed, and whose sudden and unex- 
pected demise will touch the most sensitive feelings of the community. A truly amiable 
and affectionate wife will be overwhelmed with poignant sorrow, and the mantle of 
mourning will cover others than those of his household. 

The following invitation to his funeral was circulated : 



You are invited to attend the funeral of Isaac Howk, Esq., from 
Mr. Henderson's, this afternoon at three o'clock. A funeral discourse 
will be delivered by Rev. Mr. Sproule, at the Presbyterian meeting 
house, to which place the body will be conveyed. 

Indianapolis, May 25th, 1833. 



REV. FERNANDEZ C. HOLLIDAY, D. D. 

Doctor Holliday is a native of the State of New York, born near 
Auburn, on the 30th of November, 1814; was brought by his parents 
to Indiana when but three years of age. His youth was spent in Dear- 
born county, his summer months in labor on his father's farm, his win- 
ter months in the school, first in the district school and then in the 
county seminary in which he received a good education in the ordinary 
English branches, and formed such habits of study as enabled him to- 
receive a more thorough education in after years. He received the 
degree of Master of Arts from the McKendree College in Illinois, 
and the Allegheny College of Pennsylvania conferred upon him the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1858. He had joined the Methodist 
church and entered the Indiana conference in 1834. 

After having spent three years in traveling circuits he was stationed 
at Rising Sun, and filled successively the pulpits of the principal churches- 
in Madison, New Albany, Evansville and Indianapolis. Doctor Holliday 
has spent three years on circuits, twenty years in stations and nineteen- 
years as presiding elder. 

In 1848 he was stationed at Wesley Chapel, Indianapolis, and since 
that time has been identified in some manner with the church in Indiana- 
polis. Although constantly engaged in the active duties of the ministry 
he has not been idle with his pen. 

In 1837 he published The Anniversary Book for Sunday Schools 
which had a large circulation through the schools of the church. In 
1853 he wrote and published, The Life and Times of Rev. Allen Wiley, 
one of the pioneers of the Methodist church in Indiana. In 1869 he 
published The Bible Hand-book, a valuable work for young ministers 



294 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



and Sabbath school teachers. In 1871 he wrote The History of Indiana 
Methodism, containing an account of the introduction and progress of 
Methodism in the State. 

Besides these he has been a regular contributor to the magazines and 
periodical literature of the church. Doctor Holliday has been an 
earnest friend to and worker in the cause of education. He has been a 
member of the board of trustees of the Indiana Asbury University for 
twenty-five years. He was one of the projectors and founders of Moore's 
Hill college. As a member of the committee appointed for that pur- 
pose, he wrote the address of the people of the State to the State con- 
vention which prepared the present system of public schools for the 
State of Indiana. 

In all the relations in which Doctor Holliday has been placed he has 
performed his duties well. Doctor Holliday is the son-in-law of the late 
Samuel Hannah, and brother-in-law of John S. Newman and Alexander 
Hanna.h 

ISAAC THALMAN. 

Isaac Thalman is one of our most industrious and enterprising citi- 
zens. He was born of Swiss parents, October 24, 1834, on a farm in 
Jackson county, Indiana, near where Seymour is now located, where 
old Rockford once stood — now extinct — one of the liveliest villages in 
all Hoosierdom. The old settlers will remember the feud which existed 
between the Salt Creekers and Rockforders, which was the cause of 
many a bloody battle, in the old backwoods style, on the banks of 
White river, the dividing line of the belligerents. The principal busi- 
ness of the village being horse racing, shooting matches, gambling and 
fighting, the parents of young Thalman were quite wiUing that he should 
go forth into the world at a tender age to seek his own fortune, and one 
bright day he packed his handkerchief and left the old farm never to 
return, at that time being but twelve }'ears old. Since this time Mr. 
Thalman has been the architect of his own fortunes, and may truthfully 
be styled a self-made man. He first made his appearance in 'this city in 
1846, and entered the grocery store of Julius Nicolai, in wose employ 
he remained for several years — in the store from early morn until ten 
o'clock at .night. His next employment was in the variety store of 
Thalman & Evans, where he remained until 1852. This early training 
in different stores only served to prepare Mr. Thalman for future useful- 
ness. 

One day Mr. Thalman was surprised by being called into the office 



ISAAC THALMAN. 



295 



of the then postmaster, W. W. Wick, Esq., who offered him the 
responsible position of general delivery clerk at a salary beyond his 
most sanguine expectations. Of course it was accepted with a thankful 
heart. It was not until many years afterward that Mr. Thalman dis- 
covered that it was to the friendly influence of the Hon. Albert G. 
Porter he was indebted for this important rise in the world. It ia^ftated 
that Mr. Porter took great pleasure in assisting deserving young men 
and helping them on to fortune without their knowledge, which is cer- 
tainly very creditable to both his head and heart. Would there were 
more rich and influential men of this character. 

After remaining in the postoffice for several years Mr. Thalman re- 
signed to accept a position as book-keeper and salesman in the Indian- 
apolis Woolen Mills, where he served until 1865, when he was admitted 
as a partner, under the firm name of C. E. Giesendorff & Co. With 
careful management the business of this well-known firm, since Mr. 
Thalman's introduction therein, has increased from a production of four 
hundred yards of woolen goods per week to four thousand, besides deal- 
ing in wool to the extent of five hundred thousand pounds per annum. 
The firm consists of only C. E. Giesendorff and Isaac Thalman. 

Julius Nicolai, Mr. Thalman's first employer, a staunch and honest 
old Democrat, first instilled the principles of Democracy into Isaac's 
youthful mind, and the last Democratic vote cast by Mr. Thalman was 
for Stephen A. Douglas. Since that time he has been acting with the 
Republican party, although not looked upon as a bitter partisan. He 
was first elected to the city council by the Republicans of the Fourth 
Ward in 1869 and re-elected in 1871 and 1873. He has been on some 
of the most important committees of the city council and was an earn- 
est and diligent worker. 

Mr. Thalman is married, but has no children. His wife is the daugh- 
ter of his partner, Mr. C. E. Giesendorff. Mr. Thalman is a very useful 
member of society — painstaking and industrious. He is of pleasant 
address, spare figure and medium height. As a business man we find 
him to be a pleasant gentleman, while as a citizen he is highly esteemed 
by all. His father, Isaac Thalman, Senior, died during the present year 
aged eighty-three years. 



2g6 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

ANDREW WALLACE. 

The name that heads this sketch is, perhaps, as familiar to the citi- 
zens of this place, as well as to the farming community of Marion and 
the surrounding counties, as that of any person now doing business in 
the ci'iji^ 

Although not one of the oldest, he has certainly been one of the 
most successful produce dealers of his day. 

Mr. Wallace was a paper-maker by trade, having learned the busi- 
ness with John Sheets, of Madison, Jefferson county. He came to this 
place in the year 1840, in comparatively poor circumstances. Soon 
after he bought a small farm in Hamilton county, and removed his 
family thereon ; there he remained some time, and, to accommodate his 
friends, Messrs. Sheets and Yandes, he returned to the city to take 
charge of and superintend their paper mill, their former superintendent 
having been burned and otherwise injured so as to prevent his attending tO' 
the duties. Mechanics of that kind being very scarce at that time, Mr. 
Wallace consented to accommodate them until such time as they should 
be enabled to employ another. 

He remained with them until January, 1847. The high water of that 
year destroying the aqueduct of the canal wound up for the time being 
the manufacture of paper and his connection with those gentlemen. 

Mr. Robert Underbill, in the meantime, having become acquainted 
with Mr. Wallace, and learning something of his untiring industry and. 
fine business qualifications, employed him to take charge of his Bridge- 
port flouring mill, which he did, and managed with profit to his em- 
ployer until the fall of 1847. It will be remembered by our old citizens 
that our merchants up to this time had not paid cash for produce, with 
the exception of pork to be driven to the Ohio river, and by John Car- 
lisle for wheat, which was but a very small portion of the surplus of the 
country. 

Mr. Wallace inaugurated the present system of paying cash for 
stock and all kinds of produce in this place, and everything he laid his- 
hand to prospered. 

He then took charge of Mr. Underbill's City Mills. Mr. Underbill 
having the utmost confidence in his integrity, arranged for him to draw 
money out of bank on his own checks in the transaction of business 
pertaining to the mill. From the time he took charge of Mr. Under- 
bill's business it prospered, so that in a few years he was enabled to re- 
tire with a fortune. 



ANDREW WALLACE. 



299 



In the year 1848 he was employed by Mr. Jeremiah Foot as a clerk 
in his store. Mr. Foot wished to make as much as possible out of Mr. 
Wallace's services, and, like the person that killed the goose that laid 
the golden egg, very unwittingly got himself rid of his valuable services. 
One very dull day of trade Mr. Foot requested Mr. Wallace to go into 
the cellar and saw half a cord of wood, as there was not much doing 
in the store. This Mr. Wallace refused to do ; he stood upon his dignity, 
and told Mr. Foot he would rather pay for the sawing out of his own 
pocket. 

Mr. Foot insisted on his doing it himself, as he could not afford to 
take it out of his own pocket. Mr. Wallace acceded to Mr. Foot's 
request, and told him that he would saw the wood, and wished Mr. Foot 
to make out his account while he was so doing, and that after the wood 
was sawed he would consider himself free from any obligation to con- 
tinue in Mr. Foot's employ. 

The sawing of that half cord of wood was, perhaps, the dearest Mr. 
Foot ever paid for, as it was to Mr. Wallace time better employed than 
he had done before. 

In the fall of 1848 Mr. Wallace commenced the purchase of grain 
and shipping to the house of Pollys & Butler, of Madison, Indiana, and 
did more business in that line than all the other establishments of the kind 
in the place, often shipping five or six car loads per day. He then com- 
menced the business of a family grocer in the Walpole House, a frame 
building situated about middle of the space between where the Odd 
Fellows' Hall now stands and the alley on the north side of Washington, 
between Pennsylvania and Delaware streets. 

On the vacant ground east of his store, and adjoining the alley, were 
his wagon yard and salt sheds. On every board in the fence and every 
barrel of salt was branded the name of "Andy Wallace," much to the 
annoyance of his competitor, the late P. B. L. Smith, who then did a 
large business on the corner where Odd Fellows' Hall now stands, and 
was somewhat jealous of "Andy's" at least great show of business. 

Andy would never suffer a farm wagon to pass his door, going west, 
until he had used every stratagem and exhausted all his eloquence to 
induce its occupants to call in at his establishment first. Often by the 
time the wagon would be fairly stopped he would have the old lady's 
baby in the store sitting on the counter, with a stick of candy in each 
hand and one protruding from its mouth, before the mother had got out 
of the wagon. Andy, with a large stock of candy with which he sugar- 
coate(f the children, and a pretty wiry tongue and an accommodating 



3O0 



SKETCHES OF PKOMINEh'T CITIZENS 



disposition, became a great favorite with the farmers of the country, 
which built him up an extensive trade. 

His competitors in business thought that it would not take long to 
wind Andy Wallace up. This, reaching Andy's ears, caused him to 
redouble his diligence and industry, being determined to succeed or risk 
his all upon the trial ; like Richelieu, he thought that " there is no such 
word as fail." At this place Mr. Wallace built up a fine business and 
an extensive acquaintance throughout this and the adjoining counties. 

In the year 1855 he engaged in the wholesale grocery business, which 
he still continues, and has a large share of the wholesale business for 
both city and country. He is a fair illustration of the truth of the saw, 
"that some things can be done as well as others." He owns some very 
valuable business as well as private property in the city, and one of the 
finest and earliest cultivated farms in the county. One of the great secrets 
of his success was that when he made up his mind to do anything he 
did it with all his might, and when he thought that he had a good in- 
vestment in property he held on to it. He was for eight years president 
of the State institutions for the amelioration of the condition of the deaf 
and dumb, insane and blind, and they, like everything else he put his 
hands to, prospered under his supervision. But he, like most other 
successful men, has not been free from the abuse and vituperation of 
those less successful, and he has hurled back the calumny upon their 
own heads with redoubled force. 

Although seven years have elapsed since the above was written, Mr. 
Wallace is as active in business as then, and seems to have lost none of 
his vigor and perseverence. 

JOHN THALMAN 

Was born in Wegihon, Canton Turgaus, in Switzerland, on the ist of 
May, 1826. With his father's family he came to the United States in 
1834. His father, Isaac Thalman, Sen., settled on a farm near Rock- 
ford, Jackson county. John remained with his father and worked on 
the farm nine years. 

Not liking farm work he left home to carve out a living in a different 
sphere of life. He first went to Louisville, Kentucky, where he remained 
one year as a gardner, which he says was no improvement for ease on 
farm labor; he returned home, thence to Indianapolis in October, 1844. 
This was before there were any railroads terminating in this city, so Mr. 
Thalman traveled on horseback. 



WILLIAM RILEY HOGSHIRE. 



301 



The first house he entered in the city was the one which he now 
hves in and owns, on North Alabama street, opposite the East Market, 
where his bakery is situated. He then engaged with Julius Nicolai, 
who was doing a large business in the bakery together with a variety 
store ; here he worked as a clerk in the establishment for five years, 
never being at a loss for work, but found it rather too plenty for com- 
fort. All the time he got to improve his education was on Sunday, his 
employer acting as teacher. The first year he worked for three dollars 
per month ; out of the year's labor (thirty-six dollars) he managed to 
save some. At the end of five years he, in connection with William 
Evans, commenced business in a grocery and variety store, the name of 
the firm being Thalman & Evans. Mr. Thalman being young and inex- 
perienced, together with a kind and obliging disposition, credited too 
much, consequently they were unsuccessful. 

He then engaged in a bakery on East Washington street with a 
partner, and did business there for six years, but without pecuniary suc- 
cess. As his partnerships did not prove profitable he concluded that he 
would engage in business alone. He then commenced business where 
he yet is on North Alabama street, where he has been very successful, 
having a very large retail trade as well as keeping a first-class lunch 
house, where farmers and others attending market can have any thing 
in the refreshment line they may desire. He has his son for a partner, 
the firm being Thalman & Son. He is now the oldest baker in the 
city, and generally known as honest John. Thirty-two years of an 
acquaintance with the subject of this sketch justifies me in saying he 
is well worthy the sobtiquet by which he is known. Mr. Thalman is 
the brother of Isaac Thalman, who was a working and efficient coun- 
cilman from the fourth ward for several years. Their father, Isaac 
Thalman, Sen., died the present year. 

WILLIAM RILEY HOGSHIRE, 

Eldest son of Riley B. Hogshire, was born at Northfield, Boone county, 
Indiana, on the 5th of April, 1835. During his early life he worked on 
his father's farm, and at intervals attended the common school of the 
village, receiving but a meager education. 

Mr. Hogshire tells me that he, with his father, has hauled wheat 
to Madison and Lawrenceburg and sold it for thirty cents per bushel, 
taking in exchange salt and other articles necessary for family use. In 
1858, through the friendship of the late William J. Brown, president of 



302 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



the board, Thomas Mclntyre, superintendent, Dr. L. Dunlap, physician, 
and his particular friend, General James P. Drake, he was appointed 
Stewart of the Deaf and Dumb Asylum. This position he held several 
years. During this time he was elected one of the board of managers. 
He then, in connection with John F. Council, bought the retail grocery 
store of J. J. Bradshaw, No. 25 West Washington street. After being 
in the grocery business some time, they formed a partnership with J. B. 
E. Reid, and converted their establishment into a wholesale and retail 
shoe store. After doing business several years Messrs. Council and 
Reid retired from the business. 

Mr. Hogshire continued with George A. Reisner as partner and 
Willie Malone as principal clerk. Mr. Hogshire owns the building and 
is principal capitalist of the establishment. He is now erecting an addi- 
tion to his building, which will make it one of the most capacious of 
the kind in the city. 

Mr. Hogshire is well acquainted throughout the county and State, 
and with many of the leading men, especially those of the Democratic 
faith, of which party he is an adherent and was its candidate for county 
auditor in 1864. 

On the 5th of October, 1864, he was married to Miss Mary E. 
Johnson, daughter of Mr. James Johnson, one of the pioneers of Marion 
county. Mr. Hogshire has four children, two sons and two daughters. 

JACOB S. HILDEBRAND 

Was born in East Berlin, Adams county, Pennsylvania, on the 23d of 
February, 1823, and there received a common English education. He 
lived a short time in Carlisle, and returned to his native town, where he 
remained until February, 1854, at which time he came to Indianapo- 
lis. After he became a citizen of Indianapolis he followed milling one 
year. He then engaged with Mr. Vajen as a clerk in his hardware 
store, and was subsequently a partner. He is now engaged in the same 
business with Mr. Fugate, at No. 35 South ^Meridian street, the firm 
being Hildebrand & Fugate. This is one of the largest wholesale and 
retail establishments of the kind in the State. 

Mr. Hildebrand was married in 1844 to Miss Lydia A. Miller, 
daughter of Mr. Philip Miller, an old citizen of his native town. They 
have three children, two sons and a daughter. The eldest son was 
married a few years since to Miss Fry, of Crawfordsville. Mr. Hilde- 
brand resides on the same piece of ground where the first merchant, 



JOHN M. WOOD. 303 

Daniel Shaffer, lived, and died in August, 182 1. How changed the 
place. It is now covered by one of the finest residences in that part of 
the city — the junction of Madison avenue and Meridian street. Adjoin- 
ing the residence is a fine conservatory, where Mr. Hildebrand finds 
time apart from business to gratify his taste for the beautiful in the cul- 
tivation of nature's works. 

THOMAS COTTRELL. 

For several years Mr. Cottrell was one of the active business men of 
the city. He became a resident in 1849, his previous residence being 
Cleveland, Ohio. He immediately engaged in the manufacture of tin 
and sheet iron ware, and continued several 'years, in the meantime adding 
thereto the wholesale business of plate copper, sheet brass, sheet iron, 
Russia iron, sheet zinc, antimony and all articles usually kept in that 
business. After several years of successful business, he retired leaving 
it in the hands of his son, Thomas G. Cottrell. 

In 1869 he, in connection with his then partner, Mr. John Knight, 
erected a fine business block on East Washington street, which has been 
occupied since its completion for city offices, court room and council 
chamber. For several years he represented the seventh ward in the 
city council, and was an active and energetic member. In 1870 he was 
the Democratic candidate for Congress in the Seventh district, but was 
defeated by the Hon. John Coburn. In 1876 he was Democratic elector 
for the same district, and cast the vote of it for Tilden and Hendricks. 

Mr. Cottrell is a wiry, energetic and persevering man, and whatso- 
ever his hand findeth to do, he does with might and main. He pos- 
sesses business qualifications of the highest order. 

Soon after he came to this city he was married to Miss Nannie, 
daughter of the late Samuel Goldsberry ; they have three children, 
two sons and a daughter. The daughter is married to Mr. George 
Brooks, formerly of Washington City. 



JOHN M. WOOD. 

Mr. Wood was born at Maysville, Kentucky, on the 25th of May, 
1815, and there lived until September, 1834, when with his father's 
family he came to Indianapolis. His father purchased what was then 
known as the Sanders farm, on what is now Shelby street; this farm has 
passed through the hands of many owners since that time, some of it 



304 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

having been sold at three or four thousand dollars per acre. Mr. Wood 
remained on that farm with his father until he was married, then removed 
to the city. 

On the 14th of April, 1835, he commenced the livery business at 
the same place he now occupies. On the 14th of April, 1849, he took 
John E. Foudray as a partner, and they have continued the business 
jointly since that, the oldest firm of any kind now existing in Indiana- 
apolis. Mr. Wood has been continuously in the business over forty-two 
years; twenty-eight years in connection with Mr. Foudray. This firm 
furnished the government a large number of mules and horses for the 
use of the army during the rebellion. They own jointly some very 
valuable city as well as country property, 

Mr. Wood, like his partner, can pick out the fine points or detect 
any imperfection in a horse at a glance, and I suppose he has handled 
and owned more fine horses than any man in the State. On the 2d of 
August, 1840, he was married to Miss Margaret Gresham, niece of the 
late Colonel A. W. Russell. Although thirty-seven years have passed 
and gone since that interesting and important event in their lives, they 
seem good for many more ; their home has been blessed with plenty of 
"small W^ood" to make their hearthstone cheerful. They have two 
daughters and four sons living. Mr. Wood's mother, now seventy-eight 
years old, makes her home with him ; she can thread a fine needle or 
read the finest print without glasses. 

The fact that Mr. Woods has continuously for forty-two years been 
in the same business and in the same place shows conclusively that he 
eschews "the rolling stone that gathers no moss," and by industry 
and economy has accumulated a fine property. 

ALBERT GALL, 

The eldest son of the late Doctor Alois D. Gall, was born at Green Bay, 
Wisconsin, on the 23d of November, 1842, and, with his father's family, 
came to Indianapolis during the summer of 1847. 

When but a boy he sought his fortune in the great El Dorado of the 
west (California), but returned without the fortune, but considerable ex- 
perience in the ways and means of acquiring it, which has been of in- 
estimable value to him since. 

Soon after his return from California he engaged with J. Kraus & 
Co., as a clerk in their carpet store, on the southeast corner of Wash- 
ington and Delaware streets. He first purchased the interest of one 



PERCY HOSBROOK. 



305 



and then the other, and became sole proprietor of that immense estab- 
lishment. 

After doing business at the old stand for several years, he removed 
to No. 19 West Washington street, where he is now doing the largest 
business in that line of any house in the State. This establishment is a 
credit to the city, an honor to the worthy proprietor. 

Mr. Gall's success in business is mainly attributable to his pleasant 
and genial manners and accommodating disposition, which have secured 
for him hosts of personal friends and profitable customers. 

On the 22d of October, 1865, he was married to Miss Louisa 
Ruschhaupt, of Indianapolis, and daughter of one of the early and 
highly respectable citizens who have passed away. 



DOCTOR SAMPLE LOFTON. 

Dr. Lofton is a native of North Carolina, born in Davidson county, 
on the 19th of June, 1823. In 1828, with his father's family, came to 
Indiana and settled in Pike township, Marion county, and was there 
educated. Having received a good English education, he chose the 
profession of medicine, and studied with Drs. Sanders and Parry, of 
this city, and graduated at the Rush Medical College of Chicago, Illinois. 

In 1848 he was married to Miss Margaret Patterson, by whom he 
has seven children. Although Dr. Lofton was a successful practitioner 
he has devoted but a small portion of his time to his profession, pre- 
ferring a trading or business life. He trades in stock in connection with 
farming to a considerable extent, and has accumulated quite a fortune. 
He has a fine farm in Wayne township where he resides, also a large 
stock farm in Edgar county, Illinois. 

Dr. Lofton is a Democrat of the old or Jackson school, and exercises 
a considerable influence in the community in which he lives. For sev- 
eral years he has been engaged in packing pork in Noblesville, Hamil- 
ton county. 

PERCY HOSBROOK. 

Mr. Hosbrook was born in Hamilton county, Ohio, in February, 
1811, and there received a good English education. After becoming 
of age, for several years built houses, taught school, and did considera- 
ble surveying until May, 1839, ^^ which time he came to Indianapolis. 
Previous to his coming he secured an Ohio wife in the person of Phebe 



3o6 SKETCHES OF PJiOMINENT CITIZENS. 

Duval, nee Phebe Flack, to whom he was married in 1836. Although 
Mr. Hosbrook has had no children of his own, he has raised several for 
other people, among whom are the Flack boys. 

He was for several years surveyor of Marion county, during which 
time he has adjusted amicably many boundary disputes, and let persons 
know just how far they could go. He was representative in 185 1, 
was also in the Senate during the sessions 1853 and 1855. He made a 
plain, common sense and efficient legislator, and was just such a member 
as looks to the interests of his constituents. He is a Democrat in whom 
there is no guile, casting his first Presidential vote for General Jackson, 
in 1832, and has adhered strictly to the Democratic faith ever since. 
Mr. Hosbrook is considered one of the firm and substantial farmers of 
central Indiana. Plain and unassuming in manner, he inspires with con- 
fidence all with whom he has intercourse. 

L. W. MOSES, 

The first optician to make Indianapolis his home, was born in Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, in 1826. When in his fourteenth year he engaged to 
learn his profession, and has been actively engaged in it since that time. 

He became a resident of this city in 1856, and has furnished arti- 
ficial eyes to its citizens and others of the surrounding country since 
that time, indeed every person who wishes to improve his vision seeks 
Mr. Moses. So popular are his spectacles that peddlers personate him 
in selling such articles, although he refuses to sell his goods for the pur- 
pose of being resold again. 

Mr. Moses is an amateur horseman ; he is frequently seen at our fairs 
behind some of the fastest horses of the day. 

Before leaving his Yankee home he secured himself a first-class help- 
mate, of the true Connecticut style, in the person of Miss H. E. Hol- 
comb, who was also a native of Hartford. He is a small, wiry, active 
man, whose very appearance is indicative of business and energy. 

VVILMER F. CHRISTIAN 

Was born in Stockton, Worcester county, Maryland, on the 4th- of 
January, 1838; his father died when he was nine years old, his mother 
when he was thirteen years of age. The intervening four years, when 
he became seventeen years old, where spent in different places where 
best he could find a home. 



WILMER F. CHRISTIAN. 



307 



At the latter age he was bound by the county authorities to Frank 
Morris, of Snow Hill, Maryland, to learn the carpenter's trade ; he 
remained with Mr. Morris until he was twenty-one years of age. In 
1 86 1 went to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he worked at his trade 
until February, 1865, then came west; arrived iu Indianapolis on the 
first of March of the same year; the balance of 1865 he worked in this 
city as a journeyman. 

On the 1st of January, 1866, went into partnership with James E. 
Shover, the name of the firm being Shover & Christian, for the purpose 
of carrying on the carpenter, contracting and building business. 

On the 1 8th of December, 1867, he was married to Miss Margaret 
J. Moore, daughter of Mr. Thomas Moore, a pioneer of Marion county, 
and at this time a prominent and wealthy farmer living two miles east 
of the city on the Rushville State road. 

Messrs. Shover & Christian have added to their business and deal in 
all kinds of building material, at their shop and office, 124 East Ver- 
mont street. Since their partnership they have built many fine residences 
and business blocks which are ornaments to the city. A dwelling 
house for James Hasson, finishing the Second Presbyterian church and 
building spire, residences for George Lowe, Colonel James Harper and 
V. T. Malott, saw factory for H. Knippenberg, Shaw's carriage factory 
on Georgia street, residence for David Macy, depot and water stations 
on Vincennes railroad, Deloss Root's business block on East Wash- 
ington street, Spiegel, Thoms & Co.'s store and warehouse on West 
Washington street, Calvin Fletcher's residence at Spencer, Indiana, 
remodeled the Bates House, fitted up the Singer sewing machine office 
and sale rooms, Frederick Baggs' row of residences, Shaw's carriage 
factory south of the city, Braden block. West Washington street, 
H. Bates, Jr's, block, North Pennsylvania street, Braden & Burford's 
block. West Washington street, John M. Talbott's block, Henry Frank's 
residence, Aquilla Jones' residence, B. C. Shaw's residence, Herman 
Bamberger's residence. Judge J. E. McDonald's residence, Hervey 
Bates' residence. North Delaware street. General Ben Harrison's resi- 
dence, Delaware street, A. H. Pettit's residence, North Meridian street. 
During this time they have erected sixteen buildings for themselves, 
eleven of which they have sold. In 1875 they bought the ground and 
built that elegant block on Massachusetts avenue known as the Enter- 
prise Hotel. This building has six fine business rooms on the first floor, 
and seventy-eight above for hotel purposes. I have enumerated the 
buildings this firm have built merely to show the enterprise of the men 



3o8 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



and the part they have taken in building up Indianapolis. The build- 
ings spoken of comprise some of the finest residences and business 
houses in the city, nearly all of which belong to leading citizens and 
business men. 

Mr. Christian's residence is at No. 146 East Vermont street, where 
he takes great pride as an amateur chicken fancier, raising the Buff 
Cochin, one of the largest stock of chickens that are raised. He showed 
me one of the male gender he had paid fifty dollars for ; another of his 
own raising, but six months old, he had refused the same amount for. 
The arrangement of Mr. Christian's carriage houses, stables and chicken 
house speaks more for the domestic qualities of the man than anything 
I can say in this short sketch ; they are models that those wishing to 
build should look at. 

Mr. Christian's success is certainly a great incentive to other poor 
young men to go and do likewise. 

\ 

THEODORE F. HOLLAND. 

. Mr. Holland was born in Indianapolis on the 2Sth of March, 1838. 
He was educated at the county seminary situated on what is now known 
as University square. 

At the age of sixteen he engaged with his father as clerk in his store, 
and has been engaged with him since that time, now as the actual 
partner of his father in the wholesale grocery business on South Merid- 
ian street, his father having retired from personal attention to the busi- 
ness, the name of the firm being T. F. Holland %l Co. 

Mr. Holland was married on the 31st of May, 1861, to Miss Julia, 
only daughter of the late Thomas M. Smith. 

In October, 1874, he became a member of Roberts Park Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which he says he values above every other import- 
ant event of his life. Mr. Holland is the eldest son of John W. Hol- 
land, who has been identified with the mercantile business of Indianapo- 
lis since 1S30. 

MOSES G. McLAIN. 

Mr. McLain was born on the 9th of January, 1844, at the old home- 
stead, seven miles southeast of Indianapolis. His father, John Mc- 
Lain, came to Marion county in 1826, from Kentucky. Moses resided 
with his father until July, 1862, when he enlisted in company G, 70th 
regiment Indiana volunteers, commanded by Colonel Ben Harrison. 



JOHN D. CONDIT. 3O9 

He served with the regiment until the battle of Resacca, on the I5lh of 
May, where he was wounded and lost his right arm. 

In 1865 he entered the Asbury University at Greencastle, and grad- 
uated from that institution on the 1st of July, 1869. He was elected 
State librarian, and entered upon the duties of his office on the ist of 
April, 1869, and served two years. At the special session of the Legis- 
lature in 1872 he was elected assistant clerk of the House of Repre- 
. sentatives, and was continued at the regular session. He is now engaged 
in the practice of law in this city. 

After the loss of his right arm he learned to write with his left 
hand. He writes rapidly a good business hand. I fear if Mr. McLain 
does not find some lady soon whom he is willing to make Mrs. Mc- 
Lain, that he will be amenable to the charge of being an old bachelor. 

WILLIAM D. SEATON 

Was born in Centerville, Wayne county, Indiana, on the 28th of Octo- 
ber, 1845. Mr. Seaton is the son of Mr. Myers Seaton, who was a 
former dry goods merchant of this city, being of the firm of Seaton & 
Holman. 

William D. Seaton received his education at Keokuk, Iowa. He 
came to Indianapolis and engaged with his father as a clerk in his hat 
store ; from the junior clerk he has now become the sole proprietor of 
the establishment at No. 25 North Pennsylvania street. He has been 
in the same room for eleven years, and expects to remain as many more. 

In 1872 he was married to Miss Alice M. Howland, daughter of 
ex-county commissioner Charles A. Howland and granddaughter of 
Powell Howland and Hiram Bacon, two of the oldest and most respected 
farmers of the county. Mr. Seaton has one child, a son whom he de- 
lights to call William D. Seaton, Junior; this scion Mr. Seaton expects 
to train up in the way he should go, i. e., in the hatting business. I 
hope the young shoot may be as successful as the parent stem, and 'live 
to sell hats during the next centennial year. 

JOHN D. CONDIT. 

Mr. Condit was born in Hanover, Morris county, New Jersey, on 
the 17th of September, 1825. With his parents, Daniel D. and Char- 
lotte Condit, removed to Indiana in 183 , and settled in Terre Haute, 
where he received his primary education, and finished it at Wabash 



3IO 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



College, Crawfordsville. On the 8th of March, 1855, he was married to 
Miss Maria B., daughter of the Hon. James T. Moffatt, of Terre Haute. 
Mr. Condit was engaged in the dry goods business sixteen years in 
the latter city. In 1862 he removed to Indianapolis, where he owned 
a large business as well as private property. His mother is the sister 
of the late Judge Blackford, and was his legal heir. Mr. Condit lives in 
one of the palatial residences on North Meridian street, and owns the 
fine business property known, as the Blackford block, on the southeast 
corner of Washington and Meridian streets. Although at present in 
very delicate health, he is cheerful and hopeful. 

GIDEON B. THOMPSON. 

Mr. Thompson was born near Winchester, Ohio, in 1840. His father, 
the Rev. Aaron Thompson, a Presbyterian preacher, is yet in the min- 
istry in Illinois. His mother, originally Miss Catharine Harris, died 
before the subject of this sketch was twelve months old. His education 
was received in the common schools of the country, with the exception 
of what is considered the best practical education a boy can get, which 
is obtained in a printing office. 

At the age of fifteen Mr. Thompson left his home and traveled 
through the west, finally settling in this city. In 1857 he finished his 
trade as a printer in the office of the Daily Sentinel, and worked at his 
business in the different establishments of the city until 1861 ; on the 
first call for troops he enlisted in the i ith Indiana regiment. During 
his service in the army was the correspondent of the Indianapolis Jour- 
nal, a fact that has aided him as a journalist, but, as he says, damned 
him when it came to promotion in the army. 

In 1863 he returned and was married to Miss Sarah J., daughter of 
L. C. Cash, Esq., of Danville, Hendricks county, and resumed the labors 
of the printing office as compositor, but for several years was so debili- 
tated from disease contracted in the army that he was unable to work 
at the printing case. This fact induced him to join the reportorial corps 
upon the Journal, but in six months he again went to type setting the 
second time. In 1871 he took charge of the city department of the 
Sentinel as its editor ; two years- later he resigned for a similar position 
on the Evening News. 

Mr. Thompson is considered by newspaper men one of the best local 
editors of the city press ; very few items of news escape his attention. 
He is well known throughout the city ; his genial and gentlemanly bear- 



JON A THAN ELLIO TT. 3 1 1 

ing give him advantages for obtaining information from the courts and 
officials generally that perhaps would be denied one less courteous. In 
his contributions to the Journal during the war he was known by the 
noin de plume of "Snacks," and is yet familiarly called so by his many 
friends — in fact, many know no other name for him. Mr. Thompson 
in height is about six feet, spare made, fair complexion and light hair. 
Mr. Thompson resigned the city editorship of the News the past 
spring to accept the office of Union Depot mail agent. 

JONATHAN ELLIOTT. 

Mr. Elliott is a native of Wayne county, Indiana; born on the 
13th of February, 1826, and there received but a limited education. 
The early part of his life was spent on a farm. Subsequently he learned 
the tanning business, and followed it for ten successive years. Still 
later he engaged in the dry goods business, and followed it six years. 
He then was elected justice of the peace, and served as such two years. 

On the 1 6th of October, 1845, he was married to Miss Mary A. 
Hatfield. On the ist of October, 1862, he came to Indianapolis, and 
engaged in the flour and feed business, and continued until the spring 
of 1864, at which time he volunteered, and was in the army a short 
time. In December of the same year he was appointed deputy sheriff 
of Marion county by Colonel Robinson ; two years later to the same 
position by Colonel G. W. Parker, and served four years — making six 
years in that office. In January, 1871, was elected manager of the In- 
dianapolis clearing house. On the ist of February made the first clear- 
ance ; since which time the clearances have been made under his im- 
mediate supervision, passing and handling hundreds of millions of dol- 
lars safely and satisfactorily to those immediately interested. 

The position now held by Mr. Elliott is one of the most responsible 
in the city. The fact that he has done the business over five years 
without loss to the banks or censure to himself, is the best eulogy that 
can be paid him as a man of integrity and business capacity. Mr,. 
Elliott seems to think that man's true wealth hereafter is the good he 
does while on earth ; he cheerfully responds to the calls of those less 
favored than himself. 

He is a plain, unassuming man, polite and attentive to those with 
whom he has intercourse, either in a social or business point of view. 
Such is Jonathan Elliott, the first manager of the first clearance house 
established in Indiana. 



312 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



HON. JUSTUS C. ADAMS. 



Justus C. Adams is the oldest son of the late Samuel C. Adams, 
and was born in Philadelphia, November 23, 1841, consequeritly is now 
thirty-six years of age. When eight years of age his parents moved 
to Poughkeepsie, New York, where they resided until 1S56. His father 
being a sufferer by the panic then upon the country, concluded to njove 
west, as thousands have before and since, where in a new country they 
could begin life anew. So, gathering up what of means he had left, the 
elder Adams located in Muscatine, Iowa, in the neighborhood of which 
were large settlements of Friends, of which society Mr. Adams' parents 
were members. 

Justus, being a delicate boy of fifteen, went to work in his father's 
brick-yard, working in the yard in summer and hauling wood across the 
Mississippi river in winter. Thus he was engaged for the ensuing seven 
years. It was during those years of hard labor and outdoor exercise 
that he laid the foundation for his strong constitution and vigorous, 
healthy physique. 

In 1862, the elder Adams being a representative to the Friends' 
yearly meeting, held at Richmond in this State, passed through Indi- 
anapolis, then beginning to show some signs of her since incomparable 
growth, and decided to move here and engage in his business of manu- 
facturing bricks, which he did in March, 1863, Justus remaining in Iowa, 
to settle up their business, until October of the same year, when he bid 
adieu to the friends and surroundings of his youth and followed his 
parents to this city. 

Upon arriving here he engaged in business with his father on the 
grounds of the Indianapolis, Cincinnati and Lafayette railroad, east of 
Dillon street, the place where their yards were located being now entirely 
built up. In January, 1867, Mr. Adams married Samantha S., youngest 
daughter of E. Bliss, Esq. Feeling strength in the married tie, he con- 
cluded to go into business on his own account, and, purchasing nine 
acres of ground immediately east of Woodruff place, he commenced 
business, where he remained five years, when, using the clay off the 
same, he sold it and bought twenty acres of ground on Legrand avenue, 
southeast of the city, and proceeded to erect a model yard, which is 
acknowledged to be the most convenient and best adapted for manu- 
facturing brick in the west; 

Mr. Adams has furnished brick for most of the public works erected 
during the last five years — among them the new Marion county court 



PETER R. FERINE. 



313 



house, the female prison and the extension of the postoffice, and is pro- 
bably to-day the largest manufacturer of brick in the State of Indiana. 

Mr. A. was elected to the city council in May, 1873, from the sec- 
ond ward, which at that time embraced the territory now in the second 
and tenth wards. Having no opposition he received nearly 1,300 votes, 
being the largest vote ever received by a councilman in this city. 

Mr. Adams is of fine physical appearance — probably above medium 
height. His hair is brown, and his whiskers, if he wore any, would be 
of a Mght color. His features are pleasant, although of that square cast 
which betokens determination and resolution of purpose. We should 
judge that he was naturally of a pleasant and contented disposition, but 
when once aroused to anger we should not care to be in his way. He 
was an excellent councilman, and seldom out of his seat. In debate he 
is quite ready, and speaks with force and logic, and with that power 
that comes from an earnestness of purpose. His words generally carry 
weight with them. He is a Republican, but not sufficiently party bound 
as to vote against the Democracy when he believes what they advocate 
to be right and for the best interests of the city. 

We look upon Justus C. Adams, or "Jesse," as he is called for 
short, as among the very best of our Fathers — reflecting credit upon his 
constituency and honor to the city. 

During the present year he was nominated by the Republican party, 
and elected one of four representatives in the Legislature from Marion 
county. 

PETER R. FERINE 

Was born in Dearborn county on the 6th of February, 181 7, and there 
received a fair English education. His parents were from New York 
city, and settled in Indiana before the territory was admitted into the 
Union, early in 18 16. 

Mr. Ferine removed to Indianapolis on the 14th of May, 1857, ^"d 
immediately engaged in the coal and lime business at No. 24 West 
Maryland street, and continued in business there for about ten years. 
He then sold out to Messrs. Falkner & Connely. For the past eight 
years he has been engaged as deputy city assessor under W. S. Hadley. 

He has never lived out of, or claimed residence anywhere else than 
in Indiana. He now resides in that beautiful and fashionable part of the 
city. No. 811 North Meridian street. 

19 



314 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



EDWIN J. PECK. 



Edwin J. Peck was born near New Haven, Connecticut, on the i6th' 
of October, 1806, and there remained until he came to this place. It 
is not true, as was stated at the time of his death, that he had intended 
going further west. He was employed by Itheal Town, the contractor, 
to superintend the masonry of the State House, and for that purpose 
brought his apprentice boy with him, intending to return to his native 
State so soon as his work was completed, which was in the fall of 1836. 
But he became so much attached to the west and western manners that 
he concluded to make it his home. When he first came to this place it 
was the custom for the merchants to contract forthe building of houses, 
paying the mechanic in goods. This wrong to the mechanic Mr. Peck 
was instrumental in reforming. 

He contracted for and built the Branch Bank buildings at Madison, 
Terre Haute, Lafayette and South Bend. He was a director of the 
Madison and Indianapolis railroad when its stock advanced to twenty- 
five per cent, premium. He was prominent in getting up the Indiana- 
polis and Terre Haute railroad (now Vandalia line), and accompanied 
the engineers along the route when it was being surveyed and located. 
He was its first treasurer, and remained as such for several years, and 
then he became president of the company, being a large stockholder. 
He was connected with the management of the road for twenty years. 
He was for several years president of the Union Railway company. To- 
him the citizens of Indiaapolis are mostly indebted for the Union Depot, 
most of the citizens thinking it would be an injury to the city by taking 
the traveler through without stopping. In this particular especially was 
his great judgment and foresight manifest. 

He was one of the largest contributors for the erection of that beau- 
tiful temple of worship, the Second Presbyterian church, having become 
a member of that congregation when it was under the pastorate of Rev. 
Henry Ward Beecher. He was for some time one of the directors of 
the insane asylum, a responsible but poor paying office. 

In 1852, in connection with Messrs. Blake and James M. Ray, he 
laid out Greenlawn cemetery. He was for several years, and at the 
time of his death, which occurred the 6th of November, 1876, presi- 
dent of the Indianapolis gaslight and coke company. He has assisted 
many persons in starting manufacturing establishments, both in this- 
and other cities, where his name does not appear before the public. In. 



STOUGHTON A. FLETCHER, SENIOR. 



317 



his acts of charity and benevolence he was unostentatious. I know of 
many through the beneficiaries themselves. 

Mr. Peck was of a hopeful and cheerful disposition, but a determined 
mind, and when he thought he was right nothing could change him 
from his convictions, and his success in business is sufficient evidence 
that he generally weighed matters well before he acted. 

In his bequests Mr. Peck was liberal to the Wabash College, leav- 
ing that institution one hundred and eighteen thousand dollars ; to the 
Second Presbyterian church of this city a large amount ; to the Protes- 
tant orphan asylum of this city ten thousand dollars, and other bequests 
to individuals of a smaller amount. 

In 1840 he was married to the daughter of the Rev. John Thomp- 
son, of Crawfordsville, whom he left bountifully supplied with this 
world's goods. 

No man ever lived or died in Indianapolis who did more than Mr. 
Peck for the advancement of its interest, commercially, morally, or re- 
ligiously. No man ever lived more beloved, or died more regretted. 
In all the relations of life he performed its duties well. 

STOUGHTON A. FLETCHER, SENIOR. 

Mr. Fletcher is one of the citizens that came in the second decade 
of the settlement of the city. He came here in October, 1831, a young 
man, unencumbered with wife or any other valuables, but with a ro- 
bust and healthy constitution, an ambitious disposition, industrious and 
temperate habits, and a temperament that suited itself to the surround- 
ing circumstances. Such was Mr. F. when we first made his acquaint- 
ance. 

He did not engage immediately in active business, but made his 
home with his brother, the late Calvin Fletcher. 

In the meantime, June, 1832, a call was made by Governor Noble 
for three hundred good and trusty riflemen, who were willing to peril 
their lives, gird on their armor and march against the bloody " Injuns " 
in defense of the frontier settlements and the defenseless women and 
children. 

Mr. Fletcher was among the first to volunteer and arm himself with 
a long-range rifle, a tomahawk, scalping knife, a camp kettle, cofl"ee pot, 
a wallet of hard tack, and went forth to meet the dusky Black Hawk, 
in that ever memorable campaign, as one of the " Bloody Three Hun- 



2lg SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

dred," which lasted just three weeks. None distinguished themselves 
more, or returned with brighter laurels to the fireside of kindred and 
friends, than did Mr. Fletcher. This expedition was something like 
that of the king of France, 

"Who with all his men 
Marched up the hill, and then down again." 

Soon after his return from the Black Hawk war, he engaged in 
merchandising in connection with the late Henry Bradley, and then 
with different partners, and alone, and was a successful and popular 
merchant for several years. Indeed he prospered in everything he 
undertook, which would lead a person to think that there was some- 
thing more than luck in success. I hardly know what it is, or what to 
call it, unless it is " true grit." 

He was the first to start as a private banker in the city, and is now, 
and has been for years, one of the leading bankers of the place. I 
understand that he, as well as his brother Calvin, rendered material and 
substantial aid to the government during the rebellion, by advancing 
funds to pay bounties and encourage enlistments ; indeed more was to 
be done in this way than by shouldering the musket and enlisting 
themselves. 

Mr. Fletcher owns some of the finest farms in White river valley, 
and has them worked and conducted in such a way as to make them 
remunerative to him as well as beneficial to the country, furnishing 
employment to a large number of laborers, and bread and comfortable 
homes fdr their families. Should I say that fifty families received their 
support from the farms of Mr. Fletcher, I do not think it would be an 
exaggeration. 

That he is entirely free from the envy of others less fortunate than 
himself, I will not pretend to say, for there are many 

" Men that make 
Envy and crooked malice nourishment, 
Dare bite the best." 

In forty six years of an acquaintance with Mr. Fletcher, I have yet 
to hear the first person say that he violated any contract with them, 
either written or verbal, but lived up to it to the letter ; prompt in all 
his engagements, he expects others to be so with him. 

He is a man of warm personal feelings, and if he becomes attached 



STOUGHTON A. FLETCHER, SENIOR. 



319 



to a person will go any length to serve or accommodate him. It was 
but recently a business man of this city told me had it not been for Mr. 
Fletcher's friendship for him during the war, his family would have 
been turned out of their home and he a bankrupt. 

A prominent business man of the city, that has transacted business 
with him for several years, says he has often gone to him when in great 
need of money, but was never charged more than the regular rate of 
interest ; indeed, if he accommodates a person at all it will be at the 
regular rates ; he never takes advantage of the necessities of his cus- 
tomers. 

He is a man of considerable vivacity and life, and now, as well as in 
his younger days, enjoys a joke, many of which we have heard pass 
between him and his old friend, Peck, when we were all inmates of the 
same house several years ago. 

" Wi' merry songs an' friendly cracks 
I wat they did not weary, 
An' unco tales, an' funny jokes 
Their sports were cheap and cheery." 

He is not ostentatious in his display of favors, and as far as he is 
concerned it is kept within his own bosom. He is a contributor to 
nearly all the benevolent and charitable institutions, although his name 
seldom stands conspicuous on the subscription list. 

He is also a man of great firmness and decision, and after weighing 
the matter well in his mind, and coming to a conclusion, he is as im- 
movable as a mountain, and his conclusions are generally correct, which 
is one of the great secrets of his unprecedented success in business. 
He is well «ersed in human nature, and it does not take him long to 
make up his mind in regard to those that circumstances or business 
brings him in contact with. 

I know several young men that owe all they are and have to Mr. 
Fletcher's aid and liberality, and are now on the high road to wealth, if 
it has not already been attained. He has done, and is yet doing, a 
great deal for the country at large with the means God has placed in his 
hands. 

A few years since he purchased his father's old homestead near Lud- 
low, Vermont, and has remodeled the family residence and there re- 
sides, although his business is still continued as when he resided here. 
He visits the city several times a year, and has lost none of his interest 
in the welfare of its citizens. 



320 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



GEORGE D. EMERY. 



Prominent among the enterprising business men of Indianapolis will 
be found George D. Emery, who ranks as one of its best citizens. He 
is a native of Massachusetts, born in the town of Fall River, on the 
lOth of September, 1833. He received his education at Buffalo, New 
York, and there engaged in business. 

In 1858 he came to the west and located at Kendallville, Noble 
county, and there remained until his removal to this city, on the 17th 
of April, 1871. Mr. Emery has the largest saw mill in Indiana, where 
all kinds of walnut as well as hard lumber are manufactured ; he does the 
largest business in that line in the city. He has been engaged continu- 
ously in the business since 1850. 

His six years residence in Indianapolis I understand has been a 
financial success, and he enjoys the confidence of the entire business 
community. On the 2d of June, 1859, he was married to Miss Sarah 
E. Gowne, of Batavia, New York, who is yet his helpmeet. 

HILARY CLAY. 

Mr. Clay is a native of Pennsylvania, born in Berks county, on the 
1st day of January, 1820. He came to Indianapolis on the ist of May, 
1852, and for several years was engaged in mercantile pursuits. 

On the 4th of February, 1857, he was married to Miss Ann Mary 
Ayres, of Owensboro, Kentucky. He was for some time a deputy 
clerk of the United States Court. In July, 1853, was elected a receiver 
of the State sinking fund, and served as such until the«fall of 186?, 
when he was elected secretary of the Indianapolis, Madison and Jeffer- 
sonville railroad company. 

Mr. Clay is now engaged in a general insurance and brokerage bus- 
iness in connection with D. E. Snyder. In all these positions Mr. Clay 
performed his duties to the satisfaction of the public and those most 
immediately interested in them. Mr. Clay is considered a first-class 
business man and as such has the confidence of the entire community. 
Although he is on the shady side of fifty he would scarcely be taken for 
one who had reached the meridian of life. He is about five feet eight 
inches in height, a rotund form, dark hair and eyes. His contour 
throughout is indicative of an active, energetic business man. 



BARNABAS COFFIN. 



THOMAS VICK COOK. 



321 



Mr. Cook was born in the great city of London, England, on the 
^th of May, 1836; when quite young came to New York city, and 
there learned the trade of sign painting. 

On the 22d of April, 1865, he was married to Susan Cleaveland, 
and the 26th of the same month came to Indianapolis, and commenced 
working at his trade. His wife having died, he was married the second 
time on the 4th of September, 1872. 

Mr. Cook is the leading sign painter of the city. He owns and 
'resides in a beautiful suburban residence southeast of the city ; his 
beautiful Swiss cottage would remind the passer by of some of the 
beautiful villas at the foot of the Alps. He is a member of the Holy 
Innocents Episcopal church, and takes a lively interest in anything that 
pertains to the welfare of that congregation. 

During Mr. Cook's twelve years residence in Indianapolis he has 
made himself many personal friends. His beautiful and tastefully 
painted advertising wagon may be seen upon our streets daily. 

" His eyes make pictures e'en when shut." 

BARNABAS COFFIN. 

Among the many prominent citizens of Indianapolis who died during 
the centennial year was the person whose name stands at the head of 
this sketch. Mr. Coffin was born in Guilford county. North Carolina, 
on the 1st of March, 1809. Was married to Miss Mariam Worth on 
the 17th of December, 1829. In 1840 he removed to Wayne county, 
Indiana, and for several years followed the mercantile business at Econ- 
omy, in the northern part of that county, and also did a large business 
in pork-packing and farming. 

He came to Indianapolis in 1863, and engaged in the pork-packing 
business on a still more extensive scale, having built one of several of 
the fine packing establishments of the city, with railroad switch direct 
to it. Mr. Coffin was from a county in North Carolina that has furnished 
more good and substantial citizens to Indiana than any other ten coun- 
ties in the United States. 

He belonged to the society of Friends, and was by his brothers and 
sisters of the church held in high esteem for his many Christian virtues 
and acts of charitv. His widow and several children still reside in the 



322 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



city. One son is an active partner in the wholesale grocery house of 
Wiles, Coffin & Smith, another attends to the interest of the estate in the 
pork house. Mr. Coffin died on the Sth of July, 1876, and had been 
engaged in the pork-packing business for thirty-seven years. 

GENERAL ROBERT S. FOSTER. 

General Foster was born in Jennings county, Indiana, on the 27th of 
January, 1834. He received a common English education in the schools 
of the county and of Vernon. He came to Indianapolis on the 14th of 
July, 1850, and engaged with his uncle, Andrew Wallace, in the grocery 
business. On the 1st of May, 1861, he was married to Miss Margaret 
A. Foust, daughter of the late Daniel P. Foust, who was connected with 
the business of the Union Depot for several years, beginning when that 
establishment was first opened. 

A few days after Fort Sumpter was fired upon he volunteered as a 
private and was appointed and commissioned as captain of company A 
in the i ith regiment Indiana zouaves. He was soon appointed major 
and assigned to the 13th Indiana regiment and was subsequently pro- 
moted to lieutenant colonel of the regiment. He was promoted to 
brigadier general on the 12th of June, 1863, and breveted major general 
on the 5th of June, 1865, for meritorious and gallant conduct on the 
field. During his term of service he was engaged in Western Virginia, 
the armies of the Shenandoah, Potomac and James river, in the depart- 
ment of the South, in South Carolina and Florida, and last with the 
army operating against Richmond. He was chief of staff of the tenth 
army corps, also the chief of staff of the twenty-fourth army corps in front 
of Petersburg. General Foster's last command and service was in the 
first division of the twenty-fourth army corps, "Army of the James." 
His last battle was at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, where Lee's 
army surrendered to the Union army, the twenty-fourth division of the 
army corps firing the last gun, both with artillery and infantry. 

After Lee's surrender General Foster was ordered to Richmond, and 
subsequently to Washington, from thence he returned to his home, Ind- 
ianapolis, and entered into the wholesale grocery and commission busi- 
ness, in which he is still engaged. He has been twice elected city treas- 
urer, and served as such from 1868 to 1872. 

Of the many war records I have written there are but one or two 
that can show a more active or continuous one perhaps. General Foster 
is president of the Indianapolis Board of Trade. 



JAMES B. MANN. 323 

JOHNSON H. ROSS 

Was born in Fleming county, Kentucky, March 17, 1820. His parents 
removed to Warren county, Ohio. He remained on the farm until 1844, 
when he commenced the pork packing and dry goods business in Frank- 
lin, Warren county, Ohio, accumulating quite a fortune. He invested 
heavily in pork and by a sudden decline he was left a bankrupt. 

He removed to this city in 1849, and in 1852 commenced the mining 
and sale of Clay county coal. In 1854 Mr. Ross operated the first shaft 
for the mining of the famous block coal in Clay county, if not in the 
State of Indiana. He has remained in the coal business up to the pres- 
ent time ; having added, recently, lumber and building materials in 
connection with the coal trade. 

Mr. Ross was one of the leading members of the company that 
started the Malleable Iron Works of this city. He has, in the last year, 
erected on the corner of Market and Circle streets, one of the most im- 
posing and substantial blocks in the city. 

Mr. Ross is considered one of the reliable and substantial business 
men of this city, and is now doing an extensive trade in both lines of 
his business. 

SAMUEL CANBY. 

Mr. Canby came to this county from Boone county, Kentucky, in 
1837. He purchased and lived on the fine fruit farm, one and a half 
miles southeast of the city, long known as the Aldridge farm. After 
living there about thirty-five years he sold it and moved to the city. A 
short time after he died, leaving his wife and her sister alone. 

During Mr. Canby's residence in this vicinity no man was more re- 
spected for strict punctuality in all business engagements. He was uni- 
versally known as an honest man, with no faults and many virtues. 

A few years since Mrs. Canby was seriously injured by a fall which 
will probably disable her for life, but she is fortunate in having in her 
household her sister. Miss Nancy DePew, who will partially fill the 
vacuum caused by the death of her husband. 

JAMES B. MANN 

Is a native of Kentucky, born in Kenton county in the year 1826, 
and when in his tenth year came to Marion county and resided in Frank- 
lin township until he had attained an age suitable to be married. He 



324 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



then selected the daughter of Mr. Purnel Coverdill, a well known and 
respectable farmer of that neighborhood, and was married. Miss Cover- 
dill having become a Mann they have not been blessed with any little 
Manns of their own to be the prop and stay of declining years, but he 
has raised three orphans and proved himself "a father to the fatherless," 
and that f' Mann's a man for a' that." 

Mr. Mann was engaged in the family grocery business on Virginia 
avenue for several years, and seems to think that a grocer should not be 
without profits in his own country. 

He is a member of the First Baptist church, and a zealous worker 
in the Sunday-school of the Mission church at the corner of Noble and 
South streets. There is no person more respected by his neighbors 
than James B. Mann. 

ELDER WILLIAM F. BLACK 

Was born in the village of Moorfield, Nicholas county, Kentucky, on 
the 15th of November, 1841. After emigrating to Indiana he was for 
some time a student at the Asbury University, Greencastle. During 
his collegiate course he was married, on the loth of November, i860, 
to Miss E. T. Webster, daughter of the late T. W. Webster, of Ladoga, 
Indiana. 

He was pastor of the Christian church in Terre Haute during the 
years 1861 and 1862. He was then called by the church at Chicago, 
where he preached acceptably to the congregation for three years, after 
which he returned to the university at Greencastle to finish his collegiate 
course, which he did, graduating in 1868, having commenced in the 
same college at the age of fourteen. He came to Indianapolis in 1869 
as pastor of the Central Christian church. In 1870 he became president 
of the Northwestern Christian University, which duties he performed 
for three years, in connection with his pastorial duties. Since he has 
been pastor of the Central church he has also had charge of five or six 
missions, which have grown into flourishing churches; all these duties 
and labors he has performed in connection with other business. By 
this great amount of labor he has performed it will at once be seen that 
Elder Black is by no means slothful, but is of an active and industrious 
temperament, as he has proved by marrying, as well as other duties. It 
will be seen that he was a benedict five days before he had reached his 
twentieth year. 

Elder Black is of a cheerful and hopeful disposition ; willing to take 



JAMES FRANK. 335 

the world as he finds it and make the most of life. I think if there are 
any who should enjoy life 'tis the true Christian. Mr. Black is a young 
man, scarcely in the prime of his mental powers, yet his words fall upon 
the ears of his hearers as coming from one with a feeling and logical 
intellect, with which he is greatly gifted. His feelings and thoughts for 
one so young have become systematized. We consider Elder Black's 
course as just begun. He aspires to that ascending metamorphosis 
which in the normal development of our life is not accomplished ; still 
the light of his life will be like the morning, and one that will shine 
through the mist. As his years increase his life will brighten more and 
more. 

With a warm, generous heart and popular address 't is very natural 
that he should be a great favorite both in and outside his own congre- 
gation. Mr. Black's parents being in only moderate circumstances, he 
had to carve out his own fortune. He is about five feet nine inches in 
height, rotund form, would weigh about one hundred and eighty pounds, 
round, regular features, dark hair and eyes, with a moderately fair com- 
plexion ; he is what is called by the men fine-looking, by the ladies 
handsome. "Talent is a cistern, genius a fountain," from which flows 
in eloquent language the goodness of God and beauties of nature. 

JAMES FRANK. 

Mr. Frank has been a prominent and successful real estate dealer of 
Indianapolis for the last twelve years, selling and buying on commis- 
sion, as well as on his own account. Shakespeare says: " There is a 
tide in the affairs of men which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune." 
Mr. Frank must have struck this tide when he came to Indianapolis in 
the year 1858. 

He is af native of Germany, born in the city of Worms on the 15th 
of October, 1837. When but six years of age he came to the United 
States, and for several years lived in St. Louis, Missouri, and was there 
educated. After which he taught school for ten years, until he went 
into the real estate business. 

In i860 he was married to Miss Julia M., second daughter of the 
late Joseph and Josephine Laux, of this city. Mr. and Mrs. Laux were 
natives of France. They cam#to Indianapolis about the year 1837. 

Mr. Laux for some years carried on the brewery business on Mary- 
land street, west of the canal. He then purchased ground on the 



326 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



corner of Noble and Washington streets, where he erected a brewery, 
and for several years successfully followed the business. 

Mr. and Mrs. Laux have both been dead for several years. He was 
an energetic and industrious man. She will be remembered by the old 
citizen ladies as a hospitable and charitable lady, contributing freely for 
all benevolent purposes. They were among the members of the first 
Catholic church established in this city. I remember their punctual at- 
tendance, when the whole congregation would scarcely number one 
hundred persons. They have other children yet living in the city be- 
sides Mrs. Frank. 

GEORGE W. PICKERILL, M. D. 

Dr. Pickerill was born in Cicero, Hamilton county, Indiana, on the 
31st of August, 1837. His father, Samuel J. Pickerill, was one of the 
incorporators and proprietors of the town. When the doctor was ten 
years of age his father removed to Lafayette, Indiana ; here George at- 
tended school until he was seventeen years old. He was then sent to 
the Northwestern Christian University at Indianapolis, where he remained 
four years and then graduated. He then taught school in his native 
State and Illinois five years, during which time he was preparing him- 
self by hard study to attend the medical college. He first attended the 
Medical University of Michigan ; he then commenced the practice in 
Indianapolis and continued one year. He then attended a course of 
lectures in the Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincinnati, Ohio, and there 
graduated and returned to Indianapolis in 1866, and has practiced all 
the time except one year he was engaged in the drug business. 

During the last ten years the doctor has corresponded for several 
medical journals and some literary papers. His articles were well re- 
ceived by the public. We understand he is about to enter upon the 
journalistic field as editor and proprietor of a quarterly devoted to the 
interests of eclectic medicine, and he says "while it will be liberal, there 
will be no compromise of principle to dogmas; free thought, but no 
lawless thinking. " We predict that if ability and vim can make it it 
will take rank among the journals of the west. 

It was the wish of the doctor's parents that he should prepare him- 
self for the ministry, but he tells me his mind did not incline that way. 
Nor has he sought very hard to make a benedict of himself, yet he is 
open to the fascination of the gentle sex and liable at any time to sur- 
render to the conqueror Cupid. Dr. Pickerill is a jovial, clever and 
agreeable man, and has many personal friends wherever he has lived. 



PATRICK H. JAMESON, M. D. 327 

PATRICK H. JAMESON, M. D. 

Dr. Jameson was born in Jefferson county. Indiana, on the i8th of 
April, 1824. He received the most of his education at the hands of 
his parents by the family fireside. His parents were intelligent Vir- 
ginians, and took pride in teaching their son the rudiments of an En- 
glish education. The doctor tells me he never went to a regular school 
but twelve or fifteen months. 

He came to Indianapolis in 1843, and four years taught school. In 
1846 he entered the office of Doctors Sanders & Parry as a student of 
medicine. In 1849 he graduated at the Jefferson Medical College, Phila- 
delphia, then located in practice of his profession in this city in partner- 
ship with Doctor John H. Sanders. This partnership was of short dura- 
tion, as Doctor Sanders died on the 4th of April, 1850. 

On the 20th of June, 1850, Doctor Jameson was married to Miss 
Maria Butler, daughter of Ovid Butler, Esq., of this city. 

After the death of Doctor Sanders, Doctor Jameson practiced alone 
until 1858. He then formed a partnership with Doctor David Funk- 
houser, of this city. This last partnership lasted seventeen years, and 
was eminently satisfactory and beneficial to both its members. 

On the 17th of April, 1861, he was appointed by Governor O. P. 
Morton, and in connection with Doctor J. M. Kitchen, to the surgical 
charge of the Indiana State troops and unassigned volunteers quar- 
tered and in hospital in and near Indianapolis. In this position he con- 
tinued until the close of the war» 

On the 1st of April, 1861, he entered upon the duties of Commis- 
sioner of the Hospital for the Insane, having been previously elected by 
the Legislature; he was re-elected in 1865 for another term of four 
years. In 1863 was elected a member of the common council of the 
city, re-elected several times, and continued to serve until 1869; a 
greater portion of the time he was chairman of the finance committee. 
He was chairman of the committee for the revision of .ordinances from 
1863 to 1865, and as such supervised the getting up a revised edition of 
the ordinances of the city; he was also chairman of the committee on 
printing. In 1869 was elected by the Legislature president of the boards 
of State benevolent institutions, which position he now holds, having 
been since twice re-elected without opposition. 

He has been for some years connected with the management of the 
Northwestern Christian University. For five years past has been 
president of its board of trustees. As building agent he erected the 
new college building at Irvington. Doctor Jameson is one of the prin- 



328 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



cipal stockholders and a director in the old Indianapolis Insurance Com- 
pany, now known as the Bank of Commerce. 

In the winter of 1875 Dr. Jameson was appointed by the Legislature 
a member of the provisional board for the construction of the depart- 
ment of the Insane Asylum intended for women ; this board has six 
members, of which Governor Hendricks is, ex-officio, president. On the 
organization of this board Dr. Jameson was elected its treasurer. 

Although the doctor has so many laborious and responsible posi- 
tions, he still is actively engaged in the practice of medicine in connec- 
tion with his nephew and former student, Dr. Henry Jameson of this 
city. In view of all the positions of honor or emolument which have 
been conferred upon Dr. Jameson, it would be supererogation in me to 
speak of the estimation in which he is held by his many friends in this 
city. Suffice it to say that no man stands higher as a benefactor of the 
public. 

JOHN CAVEN, 

The present mayor of the city of Indianapolis, was born in Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania, on the 12th of April, 1824. He came to this 
city September 10, 1845, ^^id commenced reading law in 1847. After 
finishing the study "of his profession he commenced practice, and con- 
tinued it until May, 1863, when he was elected mayor of the city with- 
out opposition ; was renominated by acclamation and elected in 1865. 

In October 1868 he was elected to the State Senate, and served the 
term for which he was elected. In 1875 he again received the Repub- 
lican nomination, and was elected to the office of mayor, which posi- 
tion he now fills. 

' Although Mr. Caven is an American by birth, I infer that he is of 
Scotch descent, not only by his name, but from the fact that I see by the 
reports that he is a member of the Burns Club of this city, and is 
nearly always in attendance upon their annual birthday celebrations. 

As he is a bachelor, he would probably not acknowledge that he is 
growing old, still he must begin to feel the mellowing influence of the 
autumnal season of life, as he is on the shady side of fifty. 

Mr. Caven did much in allaying the excitement during the great 
railroad strike of 1877, and but for the cool foresight of himself and 
Governor Williams, Indianapolis would have probably been the scene 
of a bloody and unnecessary riot, and for this alone he deserves the 
gratitude of every citizen of the country. Mayor Caven was for several 



WILLIAM A. LOWE. 329 

years an inmate of the house of the mother of the writer, and "was al- 
ways an agreeable and companionable man, though retiring in disposi- 
tion and manners. 

WILLIAM A. LOWE, 

The subject of this sketch, is a native of the State of Indiana, born 
October 30, 1837, in Boone county, fifteen miles north of Indianapolis, 
and has been an eye-witness to many of the most important changes in 
the growth of our city, and from the small village then numbering a few- 
hundred inhabitants to the great city now governed by a charter. 

His ancestors were pioneers of Indiana and settled on Sugar creek 
in 1821, and were active in getting the machinery of government started 
and were prominent agents in the organization of society in this part of 
the country. His grandfather on his mother's side, Austin Davenport, 
was the first member of the Legislature from Boone county, and Fred- 
erick Lowe, on his father's side, was one of the first men to assist in the 
organization of the county, and lived a long and useful life in ihe home 
of his adoption. His ancestors were chiefly from North Carolina, and 
they and he lived to realize many of their most cherished hopes in seeing 
the wigwam of the Indian and the wilderness and the forest yield and 
give place to the industry and enterprise of the white man. 

When still young Mr. Lowe was placed by his father in Oberlin Col- 
lege, in Ohio, where he remained until he obtained a fair education, so 
as to enable him to enter the arena of life, which he did on his return, 
from college, and became a teacher in the public schools, thus laying a 
solid foundation for the higher branches of science. 

Having studied law in his leisure hours he determined to enter the 
law school at the Northwestern Christian University, then under the 
charge of the Hon. Samuel E. Perkins, and under this eminent jurist, 
graduated with honor in the class of 1861. 

In 1864 he married Mary E. Johnson, the only daughter of Oliver 
Johnson, Esq., a highly respectable farmer, whose farm lies a few miles 
north of the city, and one of the first settlers of Marion county. 

In 1866 he was appointed U. S. Pension Agent for the Indianapolis 
agency of Indiana, which position he held until i867, when the tenure 
of office act, governing pension agencies, in the fight between President 
Johnson and Congress, was passed, and he, not being of the then Con- 
gressional school of politics, was left out. 

Soon afterward he formed a partnership with Joseph W. Nichol, 
Esq., one of the most promient lawyers of this city, and continned in. 



330 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



business with him for some two years, doing a handsome and lucrative 
practice, and of which profession be continues a highly respected mem- 
ber. 

In politics Mr. Lowe may be considered as belonging to the old 
school, attending its meetings and advocating its principles ; foremost in 
the fight for his friends and, perhaps, in the attack on the enemy. Of 
course, as a consequence, he has made many warm friends and ruthless 
enemies, as all positive men will do. In all these campaigns he has en- 
deavored to act the gentleman, yielding to every one the free right to 
his honest opinion and free action at the ballot box as he may think 
right. At present he is the law partner of the Hon. John S. Reid, late 
of Connersville, and for the last few years he has been actively engaged 
in his profession to the exclusion of almost everything else, and, as he 
is yet a young man, he bids fair to survive many years and become one 
of the leading members of the bar of Indianapolis and an honor to his 
native State. 

In stature Mr. Lowe is about the medium height, with dark com- 
plexion and a constitution that seems equal to stand the wear and tear 
of life, and the time will come when he and such men as he will be 
compelled to assume the affairs of this government, and maintain the 
honor and dignity of this great Republic, second to none in the history 
of the world. 

REV. CHARLES HARVEY RAYMOND. 

Mr. Raymond is a native of the Empire State, born at Sandy Hill, 
Washington county, on the nth of November, 1818 ; was educated 
and studied law in the same State. 

In 1838, when but twenty years of age, he took charge of the Morris 
Academy, near Woodville, Mississippi. In 1839 he removed to the 
then Republic of Texas, and entered upon the practice of law, and 
remained there three years ; during which time, in addition to the duties 
of his profession, he served as an officer in several military expeditions 
against hostile Indians and Mexicans, and served two sessions as a 
member of the Texan Congress. 

In July, 1842, he was appointed Secretary of Legation, and in 1844 
Charge d'Affairs ad Interim of the Republic of Texas to the govern- 
ment of the United States, and continued as such until after the joint- 
resolution of Congress for the annexation of Texas to the Union of the 
United States. In 1844, while holding this position, he was married by 



JEREMIAH H. BAYLISS, D. D. 33 1 

the Rev. Doctor Sproule, pastor of the First Presbyterian church and 
chaplain to Congress, to Miss Mary Jane Underwood, of Washington 
City. In 1845 he returned to Texas, and after setthng up his affairs in 
that country came to Indiana and settled in Cambridge City, where for 
several years he conducted a lucrative mercantile business. In the mean 
time, having given some attention to theology, and being impressed 
with the duty to preach the gospel, he in i860 became a candidate for 
the ministry. In 1862 he was ordained to the full work of the gospel 
ministry at Connersville, by the Presbytery of Whitewater. 

Up to 1 87 1 he supplied for a time the churches of Connersville, 
Liberty and Union, of Indiana ; the Cohockink church, of the city of 
Philadelphia, and Harmony, Reily and Bethel churches, of Ohio. In 
May, 1 87 1, he became the pastor of the Seventh Presbyterian church 
of Indianapolis, which position he still holds. When Mr. Raymond 
came to this church it numbered about eighty members ; it now num- 
bers upwards of three hundred, with the largest Sunday-school in the , 
city. Mr. Raymond's labors in behalf of the church and spread of the 
gospel are prompted wholly from a sense of duty to his God and fellow- 
man, and in no way for personal gain, as his circumstances are such as 
to preclude any necessity from pecuniary motives. 

He is ever found at the bedside of the lowly peasant as well as the 
more opulent citizen when sick, or in the sacred desk at their funeral ; 
the one receives his attention as much as the other. Of this fact the 
writer has had personal knowledge upon several occasions. It may well 
be said of him that he is one of the shepherds who never refuses to 
minister to the congregation of " the little church around the corner." 

Mr. Raymond's family consists of seven children, five sons and two 
daughters. Two sons and one daughter are married ; three sons and 
one daughter reside under the paternal roof His present residence is 
at No. 26 School street. 



JEREMIAH H. BAYLISS, D. D. 

Dr. Bayliss is a native of England, born in December, 1835, and 
came to this country when quite young. He was converted in western 
New York in 1852, and educated at Genesee Wesleyan Seminary and 
Genesee College, Lima, New York. He entered the Genesee Confer- 
ence in 1857, and soon took a high position. In 1866 he was transferred 
to Rock River Conference and stationed in Chicago, at Park Avenue 



332 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



and Trinity churches, successively. In 1871 he was transferred to the 
Southeastern Indiana Conference and stationed at Roberts Park church 
in IndianapoHs ; he was then appointed to Trinity church. The Confer- 
•of this year returned him to Roberts Park where he is now stationed. 

The character of his appointments at Chicago and Indianapolis 
would indicate his standing as a minister, as those churches are first class, 
with intelligent congregations. Possessed as he is of fine pulpit talent 
and eloquence, he has been adjudged worthy to occupy the best 
churches. His sermons are prepared with much care and there is a 
finish about them that indicates that fact; coupled with this preparation 
his style is attractive, and his discourses are uttered with a voice of much 
pathos. He has the reputation of being a diligent worker, and every 
part of a station feels the touch of his labors. Not only in the pulpit or 
on the platform has he given evidence of scholarly culture, but his fre- 
quent contributions to church periodicals show that he is a gifted writer. 
Recognizing his scholarship and as a theologian the Ohio Wesleyan 
University honored him in 1873 with the degree of doctor of divinity. 
His name was used for the editorship of the Western Christian Advocate, 
and the respectable vote he received showed a high appreciation of him 
as a writer and scholar. Though but a few years in the Conference his 
election to be chairman of the delegation was an evidence of his high 
moral worth and of their personal regard for him. 

In person Doctor Bayliss is rather below the medium height, a ro- 
tund form, quite heavy, smooth, regular features, dark hair and eyes, 
an active temperament and quite sociable. 

For the above, with the exception of a few immaterial alterations, 
I am indebted to a sketch of the doctor by the Rev. Mr. Kincaid, of 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 

At the close of Doctor Bayliss's second year in the ministry, he was 
married on the 28th of September, 1859, to Miss Sarah A. Britton, of 
Western New York. 

The writer will ever remember the first time he met the doctor. He 
was then carrying out the injunctions and obeying the commands of 
our Savior, "I was in prison and ye came unto me." It was in the 
cells of a poor condemned felon under sentence of death. Nor can I 
forget the gloom depicted on the doctor's countenance when he in- 
formed the poor criminal that executive clemency had been positively 
denied him, and the only hope was to prepare to meet a just and mer- 
ciful God. 

By arrangement we had agreed to meet the poor man next day, but 




JtimitiersteiTLbrosAiJ", ludijaiapo]!:; Latho^^rapiac 



-s^. 



/X 



GEORGE BRUCE. 



335 



before the hour arrived he had taken morphine with suicidal intent, and 
his soul was before that God of whom the doctor had spoken to him 
in such a feeling manner. But his mission of what he conceived to be 
his duty did not stop here. He, together with the Rev. Mr. As- 
bury and other Methodist ministers, attended and preached the unfor- 
tunate man's funeral sermon, and never have I heard for the length of 
it a more impressive exhortation than he delivered. 

Doctor Bayliss is beloved by both congregations of which he has 
had charge in this city. His dignity of manner and efficient and poet- 
ical talent secure him the respect and confidence of his hearers, 
and have attracted many who are without the pale of his or any other 
church to hear him. 

Since the above was written Doctor Bayliss has been assigned by the 
South Eastern Indiana conference to his old charge, Roberts Park 
Church. 

GEORGE BRUCE. 

Among the many enterprising young men who sought a home, a 
fortune and a wife in the wilds of the New Purchase in Indiana, was 
the person whose name stands at the head of this sketch, in all of which 
he has been eminently successful. 

Mr. Bruce was born in Butler county, Ohio, on the 27th of July, 
1802, and there received an education such only as could be obtained in 
the log school houses of the country. After this he learned the fulling 
business, but did not follow it long after he arrived at his majority. He 
passed through Indianapolis in 1824, in the capacity of a drover, being 
the first person to drive cattle through this place from the prairies of 
the Wabash, leading his cattle at night on horseback. This was neces- 
sary to protect themselves from the danger of rattlesnakes, with which 
the country abounded at that time. 

It was during one of those trips through the country that he formed 
the acquaintance of Miss Dovy, second daughter of William Reagan. 
A mutual admiration sprang up between them, which resulted in a mat- 
rimonial alliance, which was consummated on the 15th of November, 
1827.. About the time he was married he bought three hundred and 
twenty acres of land on the north side of Fall creek, adjoining his 
father-in-law, for which he paid $462.50. In 1874 he sold one hundred 
and forty acres of the same land for $1,000 per acre, and donating 
thirty-five acres to the city as a public park, which is to be called the 



225 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

Northern Park. In gratitude for his hberality it should be called Bruce 
Park. 

After the death of Mr. Reagan it became necessary for Mr. Bruce 
to remove to the parental homestead of his wife, where he yet remains. 
Of her father's land, eighty acres, Mrs. Bruce has refused ^$4,000 per 
acre. With this amount tendered her, she has, however, donated two 
acres for a Friends' meeting house. 

Mr. Bruce has but two children, both sons, who live in sight of him, 
and near where they were born. The elder, John W. , has two child- 
ren ; the second, James A., has four — so Mr. and Mrs. Bruce have six 
grandchildren. 

Mr. B. says he has arrived at that age that most persons call them- 
selves old, but that he feels as young as he did forty years ago. I am 
sure he looks to be good for and bids fair to live many years. He also 
says had he his life to begin and live over again, even with the experi- 
ence of the past, he does not know where he could better it. 

In pontics he was a Whig of the old school and original Henry Clay 
style; and, as his friend, Jerry Johnson, would say, of the true grit. 
He was one of the numerous citizens that journeyed to Tippecanoe in 
May, 1840, being called the Wild Oats of Indianapolis. He has been a 
constant and paying subscriber to the Indianapolis Journal since 1830. 

In the forty-nine years of an acquaintai^e with Mr. B., I have ever 
found him to be a cheerful and hopeful man, disposed to take the world 
as he found it, with a smile and an encouraging word for all, especially 
such as were less fortunate than himself In saying this much the writer 
knows whereof he speaks. He is emphatically what has been termed! 
the noblest work of God — an honest man ; and when he is called hence 
will have as many warm personal friends as any man that ever lived or 
died in Marion county, and without an enemy known to him or the 
writer. 

Although the frosts of seventy-four winters have given his locks the 
tinge of silver-gray, age sits lightly on his brow. He is about five feet 
ten inches in height, with a round, evenly turned frame. His hair was 
originally what might be called a dark chestnut, dark eyes and florid 
complexion. Such is George Bruce, a citizen of the county in the cen- 
tennial year. 

CALVIN A. ELLIOTT 

Was born in Anderson county, Kentucky, on the 2d of May, 1822. 
When twenty years of age he emigrated to Lincoln county, Missouri, 



STEPHEN K. FLETCHER. 



337 



and there remained. When the gold fever in California was raging in 
1849 he was anxious to try his fortune in that Eldorado, and with others 
reached it by the overland route across the plains. It was eight months 
before the laborious and perilous journey was accomplished. He re- 
mained in California three years, and was quite successful in accumula- 
ting money. 

In 1852 he returned and settled in Indianapolis, and bought out the 
wholesale liquor establishment of Smith & Hanna, then doing business 
on the northeast corner of Washington and Pennsylvania streets ; he 
then purchased property on the northwest corner of Maryland and 
Meridian streets, where he did business for many years. 

In March, 1855, he was married to Miss Martha Wright, of Louisi- 
ana, by whom he has one child, W. W. Elliott, who is a wholesale 
dealer in liquors at No. 23 South Tennessee street. Since Mr. Elliott's 
twenty-five years residence in Indianapolis he has made many warm 
personal friends. 

STEPHEN K. FLETCHER. 

Mr. Fletcher was born at the old homestead of his father, the late 
Calvin Fletcher, on Virginia avenue, now known as Fletcher Place, on 
the 30th of May, 1840. He was educated in the public schools of his 
native city, and was his second year in the old High School when the 
free school system was pronounced unconstitutional by the Supreme 
Court of the United States, which closed them for the time being, and, 
Mr. Fletcher tells me, closed his educational privileges. 

The next year, 1858, Mr. Fletcher engaged with Dorsey & Jones, of 
Greencastle, as a clerk in their hardware store, where he remained two 
years and returned home on a visit. 

In September, 1861, he entered the 33d regiment of Indiana vol- 
unteers under Colonel John Coburn, in Company E, as a private, but 
was detailed as ordnance sergeant and served as such sixteen months, 
during this time doing the duties of adjutant three months. He was 
twenty-two months in Kentucky, East and Central Tennessee. 

During the summer of 1863 he was commissioned adjutant of the 
115th regiment Indiana volunteers; returned home and entered upon 
his duties in that regiment. This regiment was then sent to East Ten- 
nessee, and served the next year at the taking of Cumberland Gap, the 
siege of Knoxville, Strawberry Plains, etc. Since the war Mr. Fletcher 
has devoted the most of his time to farming and manufacturing. He 



228 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

has also laid out and platted one of the most beautiful suburban addi- 
tions to the city, known as S. K. Fletcher's South Brookside Addition. 

He was married on the 6th of December, 1866, to Miss Mary E. 
Malott, of this city. 

It will be seen by reference to the time Mr. Fletcher entered the 
army and retired that he served very near the whole time. As he en- 
tered as a private he could have had no other motive than to serve his 
country for his country's good. 

Mr. Fletcher inherits many of his father's traits of character — indus- 
try, perseverance and economy — all of which are peculiar, not to him 
alone, but to the whole Fletcher family. 

He is rather below the medium height, light hair and complexion, 
genial and pleasant in manners. In my business transactions with him, 
and they were considerable in amount, I found him prompt and accom- 
modating. 

Since the above was written, on the ist of September, 1876, Mr. 
Fletcher lost his wife. 

CASPER MAUS. 

Mr. Maus is a native of Sunny France, born in the department of 
Mosel on the nth day of February, 18 16. In 1837 he bid adieu to his 
native land and sailed for the United States and landed in New Orleans, 
where he remained two years. In 1839 he went to Cincinnati and 
engaged in milling and the manufacture of flour. In 1842 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Magdalena M. Deitrich, who was also a native of France, 
born near Strasburg. 

In 1846 he came to Indiana and settled at New Alsace, Dearborn 
county, and built a flouring and saw-mill, and for seventeen years suc- 
cessfully carried on the milling business. During the war of the Rebel- 
lion he was commissioned an enrolling officer ; this position rendered 
him obnoxious to persons opposing the war, and his mills and stables 
were fired by incendiaries and together with their whole contents were 
destroyed. It was said at the time that an organization known as the 
Sons of Liberty, or Knights of the Golden Circle, instigated the crime, 
which was confirmed seven years afterwards by the deathbed confession 
of one of the parties. At that time it was very difficult to get insur- 
ance, especially on that class of property, hence he had to bear the 
entire loss, which amounted in the aggregate to eight thousand dollars. 

In 1864, with his family, he came to Indianapolis. In 1 870 he built 
the brewery on the corner of New York and Agnes streets, and was 



GEORGE W. GEISENDORFF. 



339 



successfully carrying on the brewing business at the time of his death, 
which occurred on the 26th of January, 1876, after a lingering and 
painful illness of several months. Mr. Maus left a family consisting of 
a wife and seven children, five sons and two daughters, Albert, Joseph 
H., Frank A., Mathias A., Casper J., Magdalena M. and Josephine 
M. ; Martin B. and Louisa A. being dead. 

The business in which he was engaged at the time of his death is 
carried on by his sons for the benefit of the family, in like manner as 
when he was alive. 

During Mr. Maus' eleven years residence in Indianapolis he made 
many warm and valued friends, who will long remember his kind and 
generous disposition, his polite and gentlemanly bearing, so peculiar to 
the native Frenchman. When he left his native home he thought he 
was coming to the "land of the free and the home of the brave," but 
his experience in Dearborn county was a severe lesson to the contrary, 
but it is to be hoped that such a state of things will never again occur 
in our government. Since the above was written Joseph H. died, in 
September, 1876. 

GEORGE W. GEISENDORFF. 

Mr. Geisendorff is a native of Maryland, born in the city of Frederick, 
on the 4th of March, 1812. After receiving a good English education 
he went to Baltimore, and there learned the woolen manufacturing 
business ; from Baltimore he went to Winchester, Virginia, thence to 
Martinsburg in the same State. At Martinsburg he was married to 
Miss Hannah Young. 

In 1832 he came to the west and lived in Cincinnati until 1834; he 
then went to Dayton and there lived about three years ; he then returned 
to Cincinnati and remained until 1845. In April of the latter year he 
came to Indianapolis. His first wife was born March. 20, 18 18, died in 
Indianapolis, March 27, 1852; he was then married to Miss Lydia 
Snyder, who was born on December 14, 18 19, and is yet living. 

Mr. Geisendorff has followed his business in connection with his 
brother in this city, and they have manufactured more woolen goods 
and of a finer texture than any similar establishment in the State. 
Although Mr. Geisendorff is verging on sixty-six years of age he is yet 
in good health with lively and cheerful temperament. 



340 SKETCHES OF PROMmENT CITIZENS. 

STOUGHTON A. FLETCHER. JUNIOR. 

Stoughton A. Fletcher, Jun., son of the late Calvin Fletcher, was 
born in Indianapolis, on the 25th of October, 1831. He received the 
rudiments of an English education in the city of his birth. He spent 
one year at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. He was 
engaged with his father on the farm, except what time he was at school 
and college, until 1853. 

From 1853 to 1855 he was a conductor on and superintendent of the 
Indianapolis and Bellefontaine railroad. In 1855 he engaged in banking, 
and continued until 1868, when he relinquished it to take the presidency 
of the Indianapolis Gas Light and Coke company which he yet holds. On 
the 1 8th of November, 1865, he was married to Miss R. E. Burrows, 
of Augusta, Maine, Ayho is yet his helpmeet. 

Mr. Fletcher owns and Hves in a fine residence opposite Woodruff 
place, surrounded by large and beautiful grounds, elegantly ornamented 
with drives, walks, fountains and all the appurtenances of a first-class 
family residence. He is universally esteemed for his genial and social 
manner ; though wealthy he is unostentatious toward those less fortunate 
than himself; he possesses, in a high degree, the plain, frank manner of 
his father ; as a business man, prompt, industrious and energetic. In 
1875, Mr. Fletcher, with his family, visited Europe for the benefit of 
his health. 

NICHOLAS KLINE. 

This worthy son of St. Crispin was born in Bavaria, and came to the 
United States when he was but nine years of age, and settled in Ohio 
in 1836; lived in Ohio and Kentucky eighteen years, and from Ohio he 
removed to Warren county, Indiana, where he remained a few years, 
thence to Indianapolis in the spring of 1853, when the city contained 
less than ten thousand souls. Mr. Kline has continued to follow his 
trade, that of boot and shoe manufacturing, on Massachusetts avenue 
for several years past, where I first formed his acquaintance. He has 
six children, all living, two in Chicago and four in this city. His second 
son is now connected with the fire department and is attached to Engine 
No. 2. Mr. Kline is a great reader and takes much interest in anything 
that pertains to the history of his adopted country. He is a plain, out- 
spoken man, without duplicity or deceit, always ready to accommodate 
those who may require his kind offices. 



WILLIAM H. SCHMITT. 



JOHN GROSCH. 



341 



Prominent among the German citizens of Indianapolis in 1876 was 
Mr. John Grosch, proprietor and builder of Mozart Hall, one of the 
most fashionable resorts for German citizens in the city. This estab- 
lishment he commenced in 1865, and finished it in 1867. It is situated 
on South Delaware street, east side, between Washington and Maryland. 
This hall is large and commodious, and used for all kinds of society and 
political meetings, balls, etc., and is generally superintended by the 
proprietor himself; in the lower story are billiard parlors and all that is 
calculated to amuse and help pass away the lonely and tedious hours 
pleasantly. 

Mr. Grosch is a native of Germany, born in the department of the 
Grand Duke of Co-Hessan, on the 31st of October, 1823. He came to 
the United States in 1848, landing in Baltimore, thence direct to Indi- 
anapolis. For a while he was engaged in the Adams Express office, 
then engaged in putting up and bottling the XX Madison ale. He was 
married in 1849 in this city; his wife dying, he again married; he has 
seven children living. Mr. Grosch's pleasant and agreeable manner 
makes his establishment a great resort for all classes of people seeking 
pleasure and recreation. He is rather below the medium height, with 
a keen black eye, broad forehead, just such a head as denotes thought 
and calculation, the true secret of his success. 

WILLIAM H. SCHMITT. 

Esquire Schmitt was born in the town of Romrot, Grand Duchy of 
Hesse Darmstadt, on the 28th of January, 1838; in the fall of 1852, 
when in his fourteenth year, came to the United States, having made 
the entire journey from his birth-place to Indianapolis alone ; he was 
forty-five days on the ocean, high winds raging continuously. He had 
just finished his education when he left his native country ; being an apt 
scholar and a ready thinker, he soon mastered the English language. 
It is said that after being in this country six months he spoke the 
English so fluently and correctly that no foreign accent could be discov- 
ered in his speech. Being a member of a family of prominent mechan- 
ics in the old country, it was the wish of his father that he should learn 
the cabinet-maker's trade, that being the branch of industry followed by 
a great number of his ancestors, and I have been told in that particular 
branch of business 'Squire Schmitt has no superior, and that is con- 



342 



SK'ETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



firmed by. many a piece of his handiwork now in this city. He is a 
rigid and energetic working member of the Republican party, although 
his father's family and all connection are Democratic to the core. He 
tells me that the first vote he ever gave he rode thirty miles on horse- 
back to cast for the party of his choice, the Democrats of Hancock 
county denying him the right to vote on his father's naturalization 
papers. 

Mr. Schmitt was married in Hancock county in i860 to a lady who 
was American by birth ; by her he had five children, four of whom are 
yet living. His wife died in July, 1869; he was married again in April, 
1871, his second wife also being an American. In 1872, in consequence 
of failing health he was compelled to abandon his trade, and in obedi- 
ence to the solicitation of his numerous friends of the legal profession, 
he accepted the nomination of the Republican party for justice of the 
peace for Center township, and was elected by an overwhelming majority. 
As a magistrate Mr. Schmitt has been eminently successful, doing a very 
large portion of the immense business of the city. The records will 
show that but few of his decisions have been appealed to the higher 
courts and less reversed. 

In stature Mr. Schmitt is about five feet seven inches, rather of a 
brunette complexion, light form, courteous and gentlemanly in manner, 
with a kind word for all, fluent and quick in conversation, with a ready 
use of language. 

JAMES E. SHOVER. 

Mr. Shover is a Hoosier "to the manor born," making his first 
appearance on these mundane shores at Richmond, Wayne county, 
Indiana, on the 22d of January, 1841. He Hved with his parents until 
he was fifteen years old ; he then went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and there 
learned the carpenter's trade, and there remained until 1861. He then 
enlisted and served one year in the Union army, then returned to Cin- 
cinnati, and in 1863 came to Indianapolis and engaged in his business, 
which he has successfully followed for the past thirteen years. Before 
Mr. Shover took Mr. Christian as a partner he had contracted for and 
built several fine buildings which now adorn the city. Residences for 
B. F. Witt, Nicholas McCarty, three for William Braden, one for John 
Hasson, one for James Hasson, remedied dwelling for David Macy, 
built Miller's block on North Illinois street, did part of the work on 
Academy of Music, after which he went into partnership with Wilmer 
F. Christian on the ist of January, 1866, since which they have done 



WILLIAM T. JONES. 343 

an immense amount of work, a list of which will be found in the sketch 
of Mr. Christian. It will be seen that he is the partner in the Enter- 
prise Hotel on Massachusetts avenue. 

Mr. Shover was married the 24th of October, 1867, to Miss Emma 
Tatham. His residence at this time is at No. 451 North Delaware 
street. Mr. Shover has the reputation of being an energetic, industrious 
and unobtrusive man, who attends strictly to his own business and willing 
that others should do the same. 

GARRETT H. SHOVER. 

Mr. Shover was born in Richmond, Wayne county, Indiana, on the 
22d of May, 1839; learned the business of carriage smithing by a four 
years apprenticeship with Peter Crocker of that city. He volunteered 
in the first call in 1861 for three months men, and served in the 8th 
Indiana regiment. Was connected with the hospital department of the 
69th Indiana regiment, for one year, under Doctor Witt, surgeon of the 
regiment. 

On the 3d of March, 1867, was married to Miss Ella Crull, of Dub- 
lin, Wayne county. On the 8th of July, 1870, he came to Indianapolis 
and engaged in the manufacture of all vehicles, from a three dollar 
wheelbarrow to a thousand dollar carriage, and has built up a business of 
about fifty thousand dollars a year. With the energy and industry 
of Mr. Shover, there is no such word as fail ; he is a brother of Mr. 
Shover of the well known firm of Christian & Shover, carpenters and 
builders. 

WILLIAM T. JONES. 

Mr. Jones is a native of the Buckeye State, born in Hamilton county, 
Ohio, on the 18th of September, 1822. In 1837, with his father's 
family, he removed to Preble county, where he remained until after the 
death of his father. 

In 1847 he was married to Miss Nancy Hayden, who bore him two 
children, a son and daughter. On the 31st of October, 1852, his wife 
died, also the daughter at the same time and place ; the remaining child, 
Thomas C. Jones, is married and a resident of Indianapolis. Mr. Jones 
came to the city in January, 1854, and in October, 1855, was married to 
Miss Elizabeth Garrett, daughter of the late John Madaris; the last 
wife had one daughter who is now the wife of Mr. George Wallace, late 
of the county clerk's office, who yet resides in the city. When Mr. 



344 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



Jones first came to Indianapolis he engaged with J. R. Osgood in the 
peg and last factory, where he worked through all the changes of the 
establishment until 1873. Three years of the time he was employed in 
the shipping room. He was eight years in charge of the bending de- 
partment of the hub and spoke factory after the establishment went 
into that business. 

Mr. Jones built the first house on Fletcher avenue in July, 1856. 
He now resides on a farm one and a fourth miles northeast of Cicero, 
in Hamilton county. The writer has known Mr. Jones and his worthy 
wife for several years, and for sometime they were my near neighbors, 
and can speak of them from personal knowledge, and regretted very 
much when the shifting scenes of this busy world caused them to leave 
the neighborhood and seek a home I hope more congenial to their feel- 
ings. Few equal and none were better neighbors. 

ROBERT CONNELY, 

The subject of this sketch, was born in Xenia, Greene county, Ohio, 
on the 26th of July, 1833. In 1835, with his parents, removed to Paris, 
Edgar county, Illinois, where his parents yet reside. At the age of 
twenty years Mr. Connely, at the solicitation and on the recommenda- 
tion of Stephen A. Douglas to the Post Office department, was appointed 
to take charge of the mails in eastern Illinois. This duty he performed 
faithfully and acceptably to the department until 1856, at which time he 
was married and came to Brazil, Clay county, Indiana, and engaged in 
the mercantile, lumber and coal trade, and was quite successful. In 
1862 he came to Indianapolis and engaged in the wholesale grocery 
and jobbing business, which was considered a hazardous undertaking at 
that time, but he had made up his mind that the capital city was to be 
a great commercial as well as railroad center and as such a desirable 
place to embark in business of most any kind. At that time the city 
contained only about twenty thousand inhabitants and but few jobbing 
houses of any kind. Mr. Connely's business prospered and grew larger 
with the increase of population every year. His health failing he aban- 
doned the grocery business and engaged in the coal and lime trade on 
Virginia avenue, which business had grown large and quite profitable, 
until recently, when the losses to most all who were engaged in a similar 
business have been large, and they suffered in a greater ratio than their 
neighbors who were engaged in other branches of business, chiefly 
owing to the prostration of the iron and other manufacturing and mining 



JAMES EPLEY HELLER. ,>t 

interests throughout the entire land, which prostration, Mr. Connely 
thinks, was caused by the too great influence and power of the national 
banks over the manufacturing interest of the country. He thinks this 
system of banking the worst ever introduced into the country, the free- 
banking not excepted. 

Mr. Connely is now devoting his entire time and most of his capital 
in developing gold and silver mining in Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Idaho 
and New Mexico, in all of which he has interests, and thinks the 
developments of the past few years show rich fields of the precious 
metals. 

Mr. Connely is thoroughly conversant with the regions of country 
of which I speak, and thinks that the national debt will be eventually 
paid by the rich deposits of the mountain regions of the far west. Mr. 
Connely being a practical and first-class business man, his opinions are 
entitled to great trust, and I hope whatever may be his interest in the 
west that Indianapolis will not lose him as a citizen. In politics he is 
a Democrat of the old school, and does not believe in any deviation . 
from the old and time-honored landmarks and usages of the party 

As a gentleman and business man he is popular with all classes. 
Although just in the meridian of life, his locks are of a silver gray 
that would indicate greater age than he has attained. 

JAMES EPLEY HELLER 

Was born in Solona, Clinton county, Pennsylvania, on the 22d of Janu- 
ary, 1844; iri 1857 he removed to Freeport, Illinois. Commenced the 
study of law in 1863, in the law department of the University of Mich- 
igan, at Ann Arbor. From Ann Arbor he went to Laporte, Indiana, 
and located in 1864. Having been in the State but a few day, in re- 
sponse to a call from the Governor for volunteers, enlisted as a private 
in the 138th regiment of Indiana volunteers. After the expiration of 
the term of service in the army, he returned to Laporte and was there 
married in 1867 to Miss Anna, daughter of Asa Ridgway, one of the 
oldest settlers of that county. 

In June, 1868, he came to Indianapolis, without either money, friends 
or property, and after some time spent in reading law, first commenced 
the practice and was admitted to the Indianapolis bar early in 1870, 
being entirely confined in the practice to the city. 

Mr. Heller, by his practice, has accumulated a handsome library 
besides supporting his family ; being an entire stranger in the city and 



346 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

without acquaintances, this was a very difficult undertaking, under 
which many with less perseverance and energy would have failed ; be- 
sides this, he now owns the property in which he resides, with a good 
and paying practice. 

At the last Republican county convention he was chosen as its can- 
didate for prosecuting attorney of Marion county, and was elected at 
the October election in 1876. Mr. Heller is a man of pleasing address, 
and by his urbanity and general deportment has made many friends. 

CAPTAIN MYRON NORTH. 

Captain North is a native of the State of New York, and was born 
in Onondaga county on the 31st of August, 18 12. 

His father, Ashel North, moved to Ohio in 18 13, passing through 
Buffalo the day after it was burned. He settled in the wilderness part 
of Geauga county. The facilities for education were very meager, 
■ there being no schools nearer than two miles, and that kept in the com- 
mon log school house of that day. 

It was customary at that time for the children to attend school but 
three months in the year, and that during the winter season ; other por- 
tions of the year were spent in labor on the farm and clearing land for 
cultivation. Mr. North remained with his father until he was eighteen 
years old. He then agreed to pay his father one hundred dollars for 
the remaining three years, until he should become of age. 

He then engaged with his oldest brother to learn the trade of wagon 
making. When he left home his father gave him a cow and calf, which 
he sold for thirteen dollars, turning the amount over to his father in 
part pay for his time. After learning his trade he paid his father the 
balance of the hundred dollars. He then went to a night writing school, 
and took twenty-six lessons. In 1835 he went back to the place of his 
birth, and worked at his trade two or three months. He then procured 
a situation in a country dry goods store, and was a successful salesman 
and book-keeper. 

In February, 1839, he returned to his old home in Ohio. After 
visiting his friends he went to Mason county, Kentucky, where he found 
an old associate teaching school. Failing to get a situation as a clerk 
in a store, at the suggestion of his friend he began teaching school in 
the backwoods of that county. While teaching he devoted all his spare 
time to finishing his own education in the common or English branches. 
In this he succeeded well. 



WILLIAM J. GILLESPIE. 347- 

Oii the 2d of June, 1842, he was married to Miss Julia Whaley, 
and immediately commenced farming. On this farm he built a flouring 
and saw mill, also a wool-carding machine — all of which were propelled 
by steam. 

In November, 1852, he sold out his farm and establishments, and 
removed to Thorntown, Boone county, Indiana. He soon got a posi- 
tion as passenger conductor on the Indianapolis and Lafayette railroad, 
and as such was popular with the traveling public. In 1854 he removed 
to IndianapoHs. In 1857 he was elected a member of the city council. 
He made a good and efficient member, and while there did much to- 
ward bringing to perfection our present fire department. 

During the past two years he has held the office of city weigh- 
master, and performed its duties to the entire satisfaction of the man^ 
with whom he necessarily transacted business. 

Captain North is a genial, clever gentleman, always meeting his- 
friends with a friendly shake of the hand and welcome smile. 



WILLIAM J. GILLESPIE, 

The subject of this sketch, was born in what was then the village of 
Indianapolis, on the 27th day of March, 1843; his father, Mr. James 
Gillespie, with whom the writer was well acquainted, had been a citizen 
for several years, and died when Mr. Gillespie was a mere child, leav- 
ing him to combat with the difficulties incident to the life of an orphan 
and make his way through the world as best he could. Determined to 
have an education he attended the public schools, including the old high 
school, and then entered the Northwestern Christian University and 
acquired a good English education, which was sufficient to make of 
himself a good business man. 

Early in life he embarked in business, first with partners, then on his 
own account, and has been quite successful Although he has not yet 
reached the meridian of life he has attained a high position as a business 
man, and has a reputation for honor and integrity unimpeachable. In 
the thirty-three years of Mr. Gillespie's life and residence he has 
witnessed the comparative village of Indianapolis grow to a beautiful 
city. Should he be blessed with the length of life generally allotted to 
man, he may see the present population quadrupled. 

Mr. Gillespie believing that it was not best for man to live alone, a 
few years since woed and won the hand of Miss Mary E. , the fair and 
accomplished daugher of Judge A. L. Roache, and they are now travel- 



348 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



ing down the stream of time, hand in hand, as helpers to each other. 
May their declining years be as peaceful and happy as their beginning 
has been, loving and prosperous. 

SCHWABACHER & SELIG. 

These two young Bavarians, Joseph Schwabacher and Abram Isaac 
Jacob Selig, came to this city in the year 1866, and immediately engaged 
in the wholesale liquor business. They were directly from Peoria, Illi- 
nois, where they were engaged in the same business for a short time. 
Since they became residents of Indianapolis they have succeeded in 
building up a fine trade. Although this city was well supplied with simi- 
lar business establishments, they have now a trade throughout this as 
well as other western States. 

Since he became a resident of this city Mr. Schwabacher has taken 
a life partner in the person of Miss Matilda Bakrow, one of the belles 
of Louisville, Kentucky, and daughter of the late John Bakrow, who 
was a well-known and wealthy dry goods merchant of that city. 

Mr. Selig has also taken a partner in life's rugged journey, and selected 
the sister of his business partner. Miss Lena Schwabacher. May their 
young loves never be sullied or their lives be o'ercast and darkened by 
sorrow. 

Early in 1877 they removed from their old place of business, on 
South Delaware street, where they have done an immense business, to 
more commodious apartments at Nos. 92 and 94 South Meridian street, 
in the midst of the wholesale trade of the city. Messrs. Schwabacher 
and Selig are well-known throughout the entire country that trade at 
Indianapohs. Without any disparagement to other establishments of 
the kind I must say that for integrity and fair-dealing they stand irre- 
proachable. The writer has known them well since they first began 
business in this city, therefore speaks of them understandingly. 

WILLIAM P. WALLACE 

Was born in Hancock county, a few miles from Fortville, on June 29, 
1843, but was brought by his parents to Indianapolis in the following 
year, where he has since resided. 

When at the age of eighteen he wrote some very pretty verses for 
the Waverly Magazine under the novi de plume of Will. S. Raymond ; 



WILLIAM p. WALLACE. 



349 



when at the age of twenty he wrote for the same periodical under the 
name of Will P. W. The following stanza from a poem inscribed to 
■" Nettie B.," will illustrate his originality and sweetness of verse: 

" I can see thy beauty teeming 

Round my path where'er I go ; 
But alas ! such mournful dreaming 

Makes this world a world of woe. 
Sacred spot, there is none dearer, 

To this heart which beats for thee. 
Hallowed mound, oh, bring me nearer. 

Nearer to Eternity." 

In 1 86 1 and 1862 he contributed weekly to Pleasant Paragraphs of 
the New York Weekly, also to the Phunny Phellow. Toward the 
close of the war he composed, and published by a New York firm, a 
beautiful patriotic song and chorus, entitled " My country dear I die for 
thee," which met with a ready sale in both the eastern and western 
States. On November 17, 1864, he was married to Miss Henrietta D. 
Eden, of Lexington, Kentucky ; only one child so far has blessed their 
marriage relations — a boy ten years of age, who stands at the head of 
his class in our public schools. Wrote extensively for the Mirror (when 
published in this city) under tha nom de plume of Brute ; has also writ- 
ten many admired articles for The People under the 7iom de plumes of 
Brute, Smooth Bore, Run Around, James M. Taylor, M. D., Lizzie 
Crawford Black and Annie Laurie. Under "Lizzie Crawford Black" he 
contributed many gems to the city press. The following extract from 
a poem published in The People, under the head of "Little lost one," 
will serve to illustrate : 

■" Little cherub flown above 
To the happy realms of love ; 
Gently tapping Heaven's door. 
Enter in forever more. 
Little feet while here below. 
Ever trod the paths of woe ; 
Little feet now in the skies. 
Tread the paths of paradise. 
Little tongue while here on earth. 
Ever prattling joy and mirth, 
Now with angels sing above 
Heavenly anthems, 'God is love.' " 

■ Has been and is yet engaged in commercial pursuits with his father, 
21 



350 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



Mr. Andrew Wallace, in the wholesale grocery business, corner Virginia 
avenue and Maryland street. Never was sick as long as memory serves 
him. Temperate in habits, but smokes like a veteran disciple of Nicotine. 

HON. WILLIAM D. WILES. 

Prominent among the South Meridian street wholesale merchants is 
the gentleman whose name stands at the head of this sketch. Mr. Wiles 
was born in Henry county, Indiana, 1828, and there resided until he 
became a citizen of Indianapolis in 1864. He immediately engaged in 
the wholesale grocery business and took rank as a first-class business 
man ; he has continued the business to the present time, the firm being 
Wiles, Cofifin & Smith. He has represented the second ward in the city 
council, and was an efficient and working member of that body for five 
years. 

In 1873 he was the Republican candidate for mayor of the city 
against James L. Mitchell, but was defeated owing to petty jealousies in 
his own party. 

In 1877 he was elected alderman, which position he now holds. 
Mr. Wiles is a leader in whatever business he engages in, whether public 
or private. He is a man of fine presence ; his offhand manner is sure to 
attract attention and win respect in whatever sphere he is called to act. 
His first wife was Miss Butler, daughter of a prominent citizen of his 
native county. She having died, he married the daughter of Matthew 
Long, of this city. 

HENRY SCHNULL. * 

Among the enterprising business men of Indianapolis, Mri Schnull 
will be found in the front rank. He was born in the kingdom of Prussia, 
on the 26th of December, 1833, where he received a good education. 
He came to the United States and to this city in October, 1852. 

In December, 1856 he was married to Matilda Schramm, the daugh- 
ter of a wealthy farmer of Hancock county, where she was born. 

Mr. Schnull was the first to commence the wholesale grocery business 
on Meridian street. He was in that business from 1855 to 1872 — first 
under the name of A. & H. Schnull, and afterwards Severin, Schnull 
&Co. 

Mr. Schnull was for several years president of the Merchants' National 
Bank of this city, and was also a partner 'in the foundry known as the 
Eagle Machine Works. 




/a.^ ^^< 






SAMUEL HANNAH. 



353 



He is at this time president and treasurer of the Indianapolis Cotton 
Manufacturing Company. By this it will be seen that since Mr. Schnull's 
twenty-four years' residence in the city he has been one of its active 
business men. He now resides in an elegant residence on North Ala- 
bama street. As Mr. SchnuU has been so fortunate in his business 
transactions, he must have had his foot planted on the ladder of fortune, 
and has worked himself up to the top, and is considered one of the sub- 
stantial men of the city. 

JOSEPH W. NICHOL. 

Prominent among the younger members of the Indianapolis bar is 
Mr. Nicl^pl. He was born at Lafayette, Tippecanoe county, Indiana. 
After receiving a primary education in his native town, he finished it at 
the Wabash College, Crawfordsville. He then studied law in the office 
of his uncle, the Hon. Joseph E. McDonald. He commenced the prac- 
tice of his profession at Lebanon, Boone county, in 1862, After be- 
ing there two years he removed to Covington, Fountain county ; thence 
to Indianapolis in 1866. 

■He is now the partner of Judge Samuel H. Buskirk, late of the Su- 
preme Court. Mr. Nichol is not only a lawyer of ability, but a poli- 
tician of the Democratic school, a fluent and effective speaker, and has 
taken an active part in the presidential campaigns that have taken place 
since he became a resident of this city as well as the State and local 
elections. 

He is a man of fine personal appearance ; about six feet in height, 
quite slim, smooth, round features, light hair, with a quick elastic step 
and pleasing manners, and well calculated to make a favorable impres- 
sion. 

In 1869 he was married to Miss Hannah, daughter of the Hon. 
Michael G. Bright. 

SAMUEL HANNAH 

Was born in the State of Delaware, on the ist of December, 1789. At 
the age of six years, with his father's family, removed to Brownsville, 
Fayette county, Pennsylvania. On the nth of July, 181 1, he was 
married to Eleanor Bishop, with whom he lived until the 26th of Sep- 
tember, 1864, at which time she died. 

In the spring of 181 5, with his wife and two children, he went on a 



354 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



flat boat to Cincinnati, thence by wagons to Warren county, Ohio, where 
he taught school two years. In 1S17 he settled in what is now Wash- 
ington township, Wayne county, Indiana. His cabin was one of the 
rudest of the rude, being for a while a mere shelter without door or 
chimney. 

In December, 1823, having been elected sheriff of Wayne county, 
he removed from his farm to Centerville, the county seat. Belonging to 
the society of Friends, and conscientiously opposed to the collection of 
fines for refusing to do military duty, he resigned his office in the spring 
of 1825. In August following he was elected a representative to the 
Legislature ; he declined a re-election. In 1826 was elected a justice of 
the peace, which position he held about four years. The county busi- 
ness then bemg done by the board of justices he was elected their pres- 
ident and served until 1829, when the board of county commissioners 
was restored. He was appointed postmaster at Centerville by John 
Quincy Adams and held the office until removed by President Jackson, 
in 1829. He was one of the three commissioners appointed by the Leg- 
islature to locate the Michigan road, from Lake Michigan to the Ohio 
river, and to select the lands secured for the purpose of building the 
road by a treaty with the Indians at Wabash in 1826. 

In 1830 he was elected clerk of Wayne county, and served seven 
years. In 1843 he was again elected to the Legislature. In 1846 he 
was elected by the Legislature Treasurer of State and removed to Indi- 
anapolis and served three years. During the construction of the Indiana 
Central railroad he returned to Centerville and there resided about two 
years. In March, 185 1, he was chosen president of the company, but 
resigned in July following. He was the same summer elected treasurer 
of the Bellefontaine railroad company. In May, 1852, he accepted the 
office of treasurer of the Indiana Central railroad company, and held the 
position until January, 1864, when he retired from active life. He died 
on the 8th of September, 1869, in the eightieth year of his age. 

He has two daughters living in this city ; one is the wife of the Rev. 
Fernandez C. Holliday, the other the wife of Hon. John S. Newman. 
His son, Alexander Hannah, lives on a farm three miles south of the 
city on the Madison road, and is one of the solid and substantial farmers 
of the county. 

Mr. Hannah was a man who had none of the absurdities of the day 
in his composition, but was possessed of those prudent and considerate 
virtues which are the offspring of good, common sense. 



STANTON J. PEELLE. 355 

STANTON J. PEELLE 

Was born in New Garden township, Wayne county, Indiana, on the 
nth day of February, 1843, and there remained on a farm until 1859, 
at which time his father removed to Winchester, Indiana. Up to this 
time his education was only such as could be obtained in the common 
schools of the country, and that only during the winter season. The 
first school he attended was in a log school house where one log was 
taken out, the full length of the house, for a window, a bench of cor- 
responding length upon which the scholars were seated ; they studied 
aloud and their noise resembled a swarm of blackbirds chattering in a 
cornfield. The writer has been there. He took a five months course 
of instruction during the summer of i860 in the old seminary at Win- 
chester, Indiana, which he says was the only instruction that benefited 
him much. 

In April, 1861, he commenced teaching a subscription school just 
north of Farmland, Randolph county. A few days after the school 
commenced Fort Sumpter was fired on by the Confederate forces. He 
closed his school in June, it being a twelve weeks term, and soon there- 
after enlisted in company G, 8th regiment Indiana volunteers ; he 
served in that capacity until December 10, 1862, in the meantime par- 
ticipating in the battle of Pea Ridge, Missouri. He was then discharged 
to accept a second lieutenancy in company K, 57th regiment Indiana 
infantry, the company being composed of newly drafted men under 
the call for nine months troops, which were organized and assigned to 
the 57th regiment. 

Mr. Peelle remained with the regiment until the term expired and 
they were mustered out, July 30, 1863, at Hillsboro, Tennessee. This 
regiment was attached to the Army of the Cumberland under command 
of General Rosecranz. They were in the battle of Stone River near 
Murfreesboro, Tennessee, where Mr. Peelle was wounded in the hip 
while the regiment was under a heavy fire in front of the enemy. He 
left the army immediately after the battle. 

He then commenced the study of law in the office of his uncle. Judge 
William A. Peelle, at Centerville, Indiana, and there remained until 
February, 1864, when he went to Nashville, Tennessee, and was em- 
ployed as chief issuing clerk in the depot commissary department of 
Nashville. In this position he remained until June, 1865, when he went 
to Johnsonville, Tennessee, and was employed as clerk in the Johnson- 



356 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

ville, Cairo and St. Louis packet line, and remained there until 1866, at 
which time he returned to Winchester and resumed the study of the law. 

He was admitted to the bar of the Circuit Court, of which Randolph 
county was a component part, March, 1866, but did not solicit business 
until the fall of 1867. On the i6th of July, 1867, he was married to 
Miss Lou R. Perkins, of the city of South Bend, Indiana, and with her 
resided at Winchester until May, 1869, when through her influence and 
ambition he removed to Indianapolis, leaving Winchester with but sixty 
dollars in his pocket, being a stranger in Indianapolis among strangers 
and no experience in the habits of the city, but the ambition of his 
wife and her encouragement kept him in good spirits ; he labored in his 
practice with nothing to do but to "hang to the willows," and, like 
Micawber, "wait for something to turn up." 

In 1 87 1 he began to get some business, which has increased from 
year to year since that time. On the 27th of November, 1873, the wife 
to whom Mr. Peelle says he owes all his success, died, leaving one child, 
a daughter, who also died on the 8th of January following, and left him 
alone to cherish the memories of the past. Mr. Peelle has been admit- 
ted to practice in the United States and Supreme Courts. 

During the present year he was nominated by the Republican party, 
and triumphantly elected, as one of the four Representatives in the 
State Legislature from Marion county. He made a vigorous and 
effectual campaign throughout the county, and made speeches in sev- 
eral other counties of the State. Being a young man of fine personal 
appearance and a good speaker, he was calculated to be of great benefit 
to the party of which he was a worthy representative. I predict for 
him a brilliant future should his life be prolonged. His career proves 
him to be well worthy of it. 

CAPTAIN THEODORE B. WIGHTMAN. 

Captain W^ightman was born in Cattaraugus county, New York, on 
the 20th of April, 1839, where he received a common school education. 

At the age of seventeen years he left his home to seek his fortune 
in the far west, and for a while lived in Minnesota and Illinois, where 
he engaged in various pursuits until 1859, when he came to Indianap- 
olis. 

At the commencement of the late war he enlisted in company E, 
1 ith Indiana volunteers, and upon the organization of the regiment was 
made orderly sergeant, in which capacity he served through the three 



JOHN W. THOMPSON. 357 

months service. He then re-enhsted in the same regiment for three 
years, and was promoted to a lieutenancy in company K, where he 
served until after the batile of Pittsburg Landing, and in most of the, 
battles of the regiment up to that time, when failing health compelled 
him to resign. Soon after returning he raised a company for the 63d 
regiment Indiana volunteers, and continued to serve his country until 
the close of the war, leaving the army with the rank of captain. 

On September 23, 1862, he was united in marriage to Miss Susan 
Tarlton, youngest daughter of Merit Tarlton, Esq., of Marion county. 
Captain Wightman was for a while engaged in the boot and shoe busi- 
ness in connection with John Dury, of this city. He afterwards engaged 
quite largely in real estate speculations on his own account, and has 
done his full share in building up the city, having built a large number 
of dwellings, at present being a large real estate owner and a heavy tax- 
payer. 

Captain Wightman has ever evinced a disposition to aid in any en- 
terprise that would redound to the interest of the city. For the past 
six years he has been in the hotel business, and for some time sole 
proprietor of the Capital House ; now a partner of Colonel Thomas 
Baker, of the Grand Hotel. 

Captain Wightman's polite and gentlemanly bearing qualifies him 
admirably for the business in which he is now engaged. 



JOHN W. THOMPSON 

Was born in Washington county, Kentucky, on the 23d of June, 1820. 
His father, with seven of his ten children, emigrated to Indiana in 1824, 
and settled on a farm, now owned by Stoughton A. Fletcher, four and a 
half miles southeast of the city. After living there eight years, the 
family returned to Kentucky in 1832. 

John W., the subject of this sketch, returned to this county in 1841, 
In 1846 Mr. Thompson was married to Miss Martha A., daughter of 
Theodore V. Denny, who is yet living. He worked on a farm and as a 
farm hand until eighteen years of age ; he then engaged to learn the 
trade of brickmason. Since his marriage he has been engaged consid- 
erably in farming in connection with his trade. He served three years 
as trustee for Perry township; he also served four years as justice of the 
peace for the same township. For the past few years he has resided on 
Virginia avenue, in the city, and is engaged in contracting and building. 



358 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

Mr. Thompson has been a strict temperance man since his youth, 
joining the order when they were known as Washingtonians. He has 
also been for some years a member of the South Street Baptist church 
and is one of its deacons. He is a constant attendant at all church 
meetings, and seems to enter with spirit into the work of the Lord; 
having been a neighbor of Mr. Thompson for several years we can bear 
witness that his daily walk is in consonance with his Sunday precepts. 

Mr. Thompson's mother's name was Mitchell ; she was a cousin of 
the mother of Abraham Lincoln. She was taken prisoner by the Shaw^ 
anee Indians and remained with them five years, and was released ac- 
cording to the stipulations of the treaty of peace, being seventeen years, 
old at the time, and was married one year after. Mr. Thompson's father 
and mother each lived to the good old age of seventy-five years, and are 
buried in Washington county, Kentucky. 

CHARLES COULON.' 

There are but few persons familiar with the different courts of the 
city but know Esquire Coulon ; his universal good humor and fondness 
for an anecdote, as well as his ability to tell one, have rendered him a 
favorite with all who enjoy an innocent joke. Mr. Coulon is a native of 
the city of Goettengen ; born on the i6th of February, 1825 ; his birth- 
place is the location of one of the most celebrated universities of Germany, 
about thirty-six miles from the mountain of the Brocken, which in 
height is rivaled only by the Alps of Switzerland. 

Mr. Coulon was baptised in the Lutheran faith and named Carl 
Heinrich Julius Von Coulon in honor of his great-grandfather, William 
Von Coulon, minister of the Interior of France during the reign of 
Catharine De Medicis. At that time the Protestants of France had 
either to flee for their lives or be beheaded. Mr. Coulon's greatgrand- 
father left the night the beheading commenced and sailed for England, 
leaving all his fortune behind, which was afterwards confiscated by the 
French government for the benefit of the Crown. His sons joined the 
regular army of Hanover as officers ; the father of the subject of this 
sketch, as also his uncle William, also entered the army. 

Mr. Coulon's father resigned his position in the army and commenced 
the practice of law at Goettengen. Mr. Coulon is the only child of 
Carl Coulon, who died when Charles was but fourteen years of age. 

After receiving a liberal education he learned the business of making 
mathematical instruments, and worked at it four years ; he then went to 



CHARLES COULON. 



359 



the cities of Frankfort-on-the-Main, Luebeck, Giessen, Marburgh, Hesse 
Cassel and Hanover, to complete his studies. He was then called home 
for military duty. In April, 1847, while at his home in Goettingen, he 
concluded to emigrate to the United States, and landed at Boston in 
the month of July of the same year ; there he remained about one year 
and six months. During his residence in Boston he formed the ac- 
quaintance of a young German girl named Josephine Bishop, of Kitzen- 
gen, Bavaria, to whom he was married on or about the 25th of June, 
1848. They removed from Boston to Whitingville, a manufacturing place 
on the Worcester and Providence railroad line. In 185 1 he removed 
again and located at Springfield, Massachusetts, where he lived one year. 

In August, 1852, he came west and selected Indianapolis as his 
abiding place. At that time he had but one child living, who is now 
known as Charles G. Coulon, who for some time was foreman of the 
Novelty Works, when that establishment vtas located on Pennsylvania 
street near Pogue's run. Julius Coulon was born a short time after the 
arrival of the parents in this city, since which time there have been added 
to the family five more, seven in all: Charles G., born in Grafton, Massa- 
chusetts ; the remaining, Julius, Amanda, Douglass, Oscar, Louis and 
Julia, in Indianapolis ; three others, born in this city, and one, a girl, in 
Springfield, Massachusetts, died in their infancy. After Mr. Coulon's 
removal to this city his health became impaired. He studied law with 
the late Robert L. Walpole, and commenced the practice in connection 
with the real estate business. 

He was then elected a justice of the peace, which he held for four 
years; during that time Mayor West died, and he was unanimously 
chosen by the city council to fill the vacancy until a successor should be 
elected. 

He was then elected school commissioner from the seventh ward 
and served two years. After being out of office four years he was 
re elected a justice of the peace for another term of four years, and per- 
formed its duties to the satisfaction of the public. Since the expiration 
of his last official business he has been engaged in the practice of law. 

Esquire Coulon has had quite an eventful life for one scarcely beyond 
its meridian. He bids fair for many years of usefulness to the public 
and of comfort to his family. There are many anecdotes told of Esquire 
Coulon's appeal to common sense in his official acts where cases have 
come before him of an improbable nature ; in these cases he always 
weighed the evidence well before he would render a decision which 
would not bear the strictest scrutiny of law as well as of common sense. 



36o SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

GEORGE A. WALLACE 

Was born near Southport, Marion county, on the 13th day of May, 
1850, and lived with his parents at their homestead until 1S63, when he 
■came to this city and was employed by his brother, the late Dr. Wallace, 
in the office of the county recorder. 

On the 28th of February, 1865, he enlisted as a private in the regu- 
lar army and was assigned to company D, Indiana battalion, iSth infan- 
try. This battalion in 1S67 was changed to the 27th United States 
infantry. He served for a few months in the south and was for a while 
order clerk for Major General Palmer at Louisville, Kentucky. In the 
spring of 1866 he crossed the plains with the command of General 
■Carrington ; the company he was with and company G established and 
garrisoned Fort Smith, on the Big Horn river, and they were the first 
soldiers that unfurled the stars and stripes in that region of country. 
Mr. Wallace suffered all the privations and hardships incident to the life 
■of a frontier soldier, and participated in several battles and skirmishes 
with the Indians in the vicinity of Fort Phil Kearney. He was dis- 
charged at Fort Russell, Wyoming Territory, in 1868. 

On his return home he went to Franklin College, in Johnson county, 
where he remained but a short time, then came to this city and was 
deputy county clerk for two years. In August, 1875, he was married 
to Mrs. Lou F. Sides, of this city. Mr. Wallace is a member of the 
South Street Baptist church, and is preparing for the ministry. He is 
a brother of William J. Wallace, the late clerk of Marion county, now 
a prosperous farmer near Southport. 

ROBERT E. SMITH 

W^as born on Alabama street, in the city of Indianapolis, on the 19th of 
July, 1S38. In 1852 his father moved to Lawrence township and com- 
menced farming, where Robert remained assisting his father on the farm. 
In 1858 he entered the preparatory class in Asbury University, at Green- 
castle, in the term of the Freshman's year. 

In April, 1S61, with si.xty other students he volunteered in the three 
months service, and he was elected and commissioned first lieutenant 
of the company. Failing to be accepted by the government for the three 
months service, the company kept their organization and went into 
<:amp at camp Dick Thompson, near Terre Haute. They were after- 
wards, at their own request, assigned to the i6th regiment Indiana volun- 



ROBERT E. SMITH. 



361 



teers, commanded by Colonel R. A. Hackelman. After serving out the 
time for which they were mustered in, one year, were discharged in 
Washington City. Mr. Smith returned home and soon after entered the 
law office of John Hanna, Esquire, at Greencastle, for the purpose of 
studying the profession; but Bob had a taste of military life and study 
was out of the question. When the call was made for sixty days men, 
he raised a company in Greencastle in less than two hours, and was 
elected captain of company A, 78th regiment Indiana volunteers, 
and was mustered immediately into service and ordered to the field. 
They were soon captured by Johnson's command at Uniontown, Ken- 
tucky, in an engagement that lasted from half past twelve o'clock until 
three o'clock p. m. 

The command in which Mr. Smith belonged had only one hundred 
and' fifty-six men, while Colonel Johnson had a full regiment of Texas 
Rangers. In Mr. Smith's company were only fifty-nine in line, the rest 
on guard duty and in the hospital. In the battle four of his men were 
killed or mortally wounded, and fifteen were wounded and disabled. 

After being exchanged his next service was in the celebrated Mor- 
gan raid, in the fall of 1863. He raised a company in one hour, and 
landed it in front of the State House in this city the same evening, and 
were mustered into the 105th regiment, and Mr. Smith was mustered 
in as major, K. G. Shryock as colonel, and sent down the T. and C. 
railroad to Morristown. Mr. Smith thinks that had they been properly 
commanded they might have come up with Morgan and probably cap- 
tured him. I think his conclusions correct. 

After his return from the Morgan raid Mr. Smith raised another 
company for the one hundred days service, and mustered them into the 
133d regiment. Colonel Bob Hudson commanding. Mr. Smith was as- 
signed to the command of company F of said regiment. The regiment 
was stationed at Bridgeport, Alabama, during the whole time for which 
they enlisted, guarding the bridge over the Tennessee river. 

After Mr. Smith's return from the last service he concluded he had 
seen enough of military life ; he had tried its realities as well as its 
imaginations, and was now in rather a better mood to finish the study 
of his profession he had commenced at the beginning of the war. 

He again began the study of his profession in the office of Mr.^ 
Hanna, at Greencastle, and in 1867 formed a partnership with him.- 
Mr. Smith was elected and served . over one year as city attorney for 
Greencastle. In 1868 he returned to his home in Lawrence township, 



362 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

Marion county, on account of the failing health of his mother, and re 
mained on the farm with her until after her death. 

In 1870 he opened a law office in the city of his birth. In 1872 he 
was ^ected district attorney for the Common Pleas Court, composed of 
the counties of Marion and Hendricks. Although the Legislature tried 
to abolish the office, Mr. Smith managed to hold on the full term of two 
years; since which time he has confined himself to the practice of his 
profession in this city. 

Robert E. Smith is the only son of Mr. Andrew Smith, one of the 
old settlers of Indianapolis, for many years deputy sheriff and then 
sheriff of the county. 

Mr. Smith is a whole-souled, jolly gentleman, ever ready to do a 
friend a kindness, and would rather be right than be President. 

JOHN AUSTIN STEWART. 

Mr. Stewart was the youngest son of the Rev. John Stewart, rector 
of Templeton, county of Cork, Ireland. He was born in Kinsale, June 
5, 1827. He left his native country in 1852 and came to Indiana. In 
1854 he was employed by Mr. McTaggart in his pork-packing estab- 
lishment and continued with him until the death of the latter in 1863. 
Since that time he has been engaged in different packing-houses of the 
city. He is now engaged in a similar business in Noblesville, Hamilton 
county. There are perhaps but few men in the west who more 
thoroughly undersand the minutia of the packing-house than Mr. Stew- 
art. He possesses in a high degree the suavity of the well-bred and 
educated Irishman, without the blarney peculiar only to the lower classes 
of his native country. 

J. R. BUDD 

Was born in Burlington county. New Jersey, in 1833, and received a 
limited education in the common schools of the country. His father 
died when he was quite young. He was then apprenticed to learn the 
carpenter trade. 

He came west in 1855, and settled near Mount Jackson, west of the 
city. After living there about one year he brought his family, then 
consisting of his wife and two children. After his family had been 
there about a year and a half they were all taken down with fever and 
ague ; he then sent his family back to New Jersey, where they re- 
mained two years. 



SEYMOUR A. BUTTERPIELD, M. D. 363 

After their return to the west he lived two years in Westfield, 
Hamilton county. He then moved to Indianapolis and lived oppo- 
site the blind asylum. Having made an extensive acquaintance with 
the farming community he engaged in the produce business. His trade 
grew so large that he began shipping his produce to New York. His 
business at this time is confined to poultry, eggs and butter. His trade 
amounts to two hundred thousand dollars per year. He is at this time 
the most extensive shipper of that kind of produce in the State, if not 
in the west. 

Mr. Budd is an energetic business man, and enjoys the confidence 
of the entire business community. 

For some years the firm was Budd & Hinesley. Mr. Budd is now 
sole proprietor of the establishment. 

PATRICK WELSH. 

Among the many citizens of Indianapolis who claim the Green Isle 
as their place of nativity, there are none more deservedly popular than 
the gentleman whose name stands at the head of this sketch. 

Mr. Welsh was born in the county of Kerry, on the 17th of March 
(Saint Patrick's Day), 1845. He came to the United States, landing at 
New York, in 1853, thence direct to Indianapolis, where he has resided 
ever since. 

In June, 1867 he opened the establishment he yet keeps, situated on 
the east side of the alley running south between Meridian and Illinois, 
on Washington street. He has been quite successful in the accumula- 
tion of property, as well as in the good opinion of his fellow citizens. 
During the writer's long acquaintance with him he has yet to hear the 
first person speak of him but in commendation. 

Mr. Welsh is about five feet nine inches in height, round, smooth 
features, florid complexion, and sandy or light hair, and cheerful and 
accommodating disposition. 

Although he has entered upon his thirty-second year, he is yet out- 
side the pale of matrimony — although his home is made cheerful and 
happy by the presence of his mother and sister. 

SEYMOUR A. BUTTERFIELD, M. D. 

Doctor Butterfield was born in Jefferson county. New York, on the 
30th of July, 1819; with his father's family, the late John Butterfield, 



264 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

came to Connersville the same year. In 1821 they removed to Morgan 
county and settled near where the village of Brooklyn is now situated, 
near White Lick. He received a common English education in the 
schools of the neighborhood of his father's residence, in the meantime 
working on his father's farm. He studied medicine with Doctor Giles 
B. Mitchell, of Mooresville, and practiced in the neighborhood of his 
father's residence for thirteen years. 

In March, 1862, he came to Indianapolis and has succeeded in build- 
ing up a lucrative practice. On the 6th of June, 1S43, he was married 
to Miss Arraminta D. Utter, near Dupont, Jefferson county, Indiana, 
They have one child, William Webster Butterfield, who is also a prac- 
ticing physician of the city. Doctor Butterfield's father was one of the 
prosperous and successful farmers of Morgan county, and one of the 
first to manufacture cheese in that section of the country. He also 
raised the finest stock of all kinds. One of the fiiiest horses the writer 
ever owned was raised by Mr. Butterfield. The old gentleman has now 
been dead several years. His children have inherited a goodly share of 
his industry and perseverance. The doctor is of a hopeful and cheerful 
disposition, and sometimes humorous, which carries pleasantry into the 
house of the suffering. 

JACOB WHITESELL. 

Mr. Whitesell is one of the prominent and well known farmers of 
Washington township, about three miles northwest of Broadripple. He 
was born in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, on the 9th of November, 
1 8 19. ■ When but four years of age he came to Cincinnati, Ohio, where 
he resided until 1837, when he came to Marion county, since which 
time the writer has been intimately acquainted with him. 

In 1844 he was married to Miss Sallie, daughter of David Ray, who 
at that time resided in the immediate neighborhood of Mr. VVhitesell's 
present residence. He is extensively acquainted throughout the county, 
having done considerable service on juries that gave him an opportunity 
of becoming acquainted. Mr. Whitesell has many personal friends 
both in the city and the country, and I believe no enemies. 

As a farmer he stands among the most prosperous of the county, a 
man of strong instinct and plain rules. 
« 

" How blest is he who crowns in shades like these 
A youth of labor with an age of ease." 



VISIT OF LORENZO DOW TO INDIANAPOLIS. 



GEORGE P. ANDERSON 



56s 



Was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, on the 17th of January, 1824, and there 
resided until he came to IndianapoHs, on the 17th of July, 1836, and 
finished his education at the old High School in 1838, under the tutorage 
of James S. Kemper. On the 17th of July, 1849, he was married 
to Miss Harriet Morris, daughter of the late Judge Bethuel^ F. Morris. 

Mr. Anderson first engaged in the retail dry goods and grocery 
business, on the corner of Washington and Pennsylvania streets, where 
the banking house of Fletcher & Sharpe is now located, the firm being 
Drum & Andersons — Mr. Drum being his uncle, the other partner his 
brother, the late John Anderson. In 1850 he became connected with 
Joseph Little, the firm being Little, Drum & Andersons ; their business 
was confined exclusively to the wholesale dry goods and groceries. In 
1857 he became connected as partner in the Capital Flouring Mills, 
corner of Market street and canal, the firm being Hunt & Andersons. 
In 1860-61 he was principal partner of the Bates City Flouring Mills, 
corner of Washington and Noble streets. Since that time he has done 
a^eneral insurance and real estate business. Mr. Anderson is con- 
sidered one of the best practical business men of the city ; as an ac- 
countant he has \&w equals. 

In July, 1873, he lost his wife, and early in 1876 his only son, the 
late Samuel S. Anderson, who had just finished the study of law, with a 
bright future before him, as he was considered a young man of more 
than ordinary ability. Mr. Anderson has three living children, Eliza- 
beth, the wife of William Bull, Carrie and Lillie, the latter quite young. 

VISIT OF LORENZO DOW TO INDIANAPOLIS. 

About the year 1827 this eccentric man first visited Indianapolis. 
He was an itinerant preacher, belonging to no particular, church nor 
holding to any particular tenet of faith or religious doctrine. He was 
well known throughout the United States, particularly in the south and 
west, having traversed the country on horseback from one end to the 
other. His preaching and teachings were mostly in the villages or at 
the cross roads, where he would be most likely to find hearers ; if he 
made regular appointments they were generally a year ahead. The first 
known of his appearance in a village would be his standing on a street 
corner on a log or stump and proclaiming what he called his mission 
from God " to preach the gospel to every creature." 



366 



SKETCHES OF PROATINENT CITIZENS. 



He was a large, raw-boned man, stoop-shouldered, his beard reach- 
ing to the middle of his body, his hair loose and flowing to his shoul- 
ders. 

" Loose his beard, and hoary hair 
Streamed like a meteor to the troubled air." 

When he first visited Indianapolis he approached the village from the 
south in company with a friend of the writer, whom he fell in with a 
few miles from town. When he ascended the high ground on South 
Meridian street, he raised himself in the saddle and discovered the only 
church in the place (the old Presbyterian), upon which was a cupola. 
"Ah," said he, "the devil has been here before me ; see that church 
with a steeple, that church is built in honor of the devil." He hitched 
his horse on the northeast corner of Washington and Meridian streets 
and commenced his harangue ; he soon had the entire population of the 
village as hearers. After the service was over he was invited by the 
Rev. Edwin Ray to dine, and, it being Saturday, to remain over Sunday 
and preach again. This invitation he readily accepted, and was the 
guest of the writer's mother. While here Mr. Ray asked him to what 
particultar religious faith or doctrine he adhered, to which he replied : 
" I am Methodist chain and Quaker filling." On Sunday he preached 
in the woods south of town. Some boys had climbed a tree above 
where he stood. Said he, ' ' Boys, come down ; Zaccheus once did that ; 
it was never known whether he saw the Lord or not. " During his ser- 
mon a child annoyed him by crying ; he stopped speaking and fixed his 
gaze upon the mother of the child, and said : " When Peggy (meaning 
his wife) took her children to meetin' and they cried, she always took 
them home." Said the woman, " I would not take it home to save your 
life!" "AVell, well," said he, "there will be no crying babies in 
heaven." At the close of his sermon he announced that fifty-two weeks 
from that day he would again preach to the people of the place. 

The Rev. Edwin Ray had occasionally reminded the people of Mr. 
Dow's appointment, consequently the Court House was filled to its 
utmost capacity. High water prevented the reverend gentleman from 
being present, and Edwin Ray filled the appointment. 

Some said that Mr. Ray had kept them in mind of Dow's appoint- 
ment merely to get a large audience for himself. On the next Sunday 
Dow made his appearance ; the house was again filled. He heard what 
had been said of Mr. Ray's motives. When he ascended the judge's 
bench from which he preached, he inquired "Is brother Ray here!" 
Upon being answered in the affirmative, said he "Brother Ray stand up. 



JACOB P. BIR KEN MAYER. 367 

Some people are like buzzards, they don't like fresh meat, but let it be- 
come putrid until it stinks then they will wallow in it as well as eat it. Just 
so with preaching, last Sunday you preached them an eloquent sermon, 
but they wanted the putrid and stinking sermon of Lorenzo Dow." He 
then addressed the women who were present, many of whom were 
decked out in the tawdry fashion of that day. " Here you are, " said he, 

" Curled, crimped and gathered, 
Ringed, bobbed and feathered. 

How the devil will make them feathers fly when he gets you." The 
entire bar of the place, Calvin Fletcher, Hiram Brown, William Quarles, 
William W. Wick and Harvey Gregg, sat immediately under and near the 
stand ; he seemed to know they were lawyers. At the close of his ser- 
mon he leaned over the railing and addressed himself particularly to 
them ; said he, 

" If a lawyer you would be 

Vou must learn to lie and cheat, 
For lawyers, not like other men 
Have honest bread to eat." 

He then jumped out of the window, mounted his horse and left the 
town without speaking again to any person. 

He was an uneducated man ; some thought him insane. He never 
made any proselytes or had any followers. There were none to 
doubt his true religion or good intentions. All thought, with a celebrated 
theologian, " His faith, perhaps, in some nice tenets might be wrong; 
his life I am sure was in the right." He has now been dead about forty 
years. A plain sandstone upon which his name is inscribed, marks 
his resting place in the city cemetery of Georgetown, District of 
Columbia. 

JACOB P. BIRKENMAYER, 

A native of the kingdom of Wurtemburg, Germany, crossed the At- 
lantic in 1 8 16, and arrived in Louisville, Kentucky, in 1820, where he 
remained until 1850. 

Having heard of the fine opening for business, and some of the great 
advantages possessed by Indianapolis, he was induced to visit this place, 
and purchased of the late John L. Ketcham the northeast quarter of 
section thirteen, in township fifteen, range three east, known as Dela- 
ware Camp. 



,68 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

This tract of land the writer has referred to in the sketch of his 
father as the old Delaware sugar camp, where he made sugar in the 
spring of 1 821, at which time he gave it the name it is yet known by. 

This quarter section was purchased by William Sanders at the first 
sale of lands held in the New Purchase at Brookville, in the summer of 
182 1, and by him made to blossom as the rose. 

It has since passed through the hands of John Wood, Robert B. 
Duncan, John L. Ketcham, and from the latter to Mr. Birkenmayer. 

When Mr. B. purchased it, in 1850, at eighty dollars per acre, he 
was playfully rebuked by some of the citizens for coming here and run- 
ning up the price of land upon them. Subsequent events proved his 
sagacity and foresight, for in 1856 he sold forty acres of the same tract 
to Henry Weghorst for three hundred and fifty dollars per acre, realir- 
ing twelve hundred dollars more than he paid for the whole. This farm' 
was among the first improved in the county, and produced the finest va- 
rieties of fruits and vegetables. 

Mr. Wood at one time owned land adjoining this sufficient to make 
the whole tract four hundred and eighty acres, most of which is now 
worth at least one thousand dollars per acre. 

Delaware Camp has, from the time this town was but a village, been 
the resort of the belles and beaux of the place, and many has been the 
wedding engagement made in a ride to and from it. 

It was in that house the writer first saw his better half, on the occa- 
sion of the wedding of Robert L. Browning to Miss Mary, daughter of 
Mr. Wood. Little did he dream twenty years before, when he was 
gathering the sugar water among the nettles knee high, that upon that 
very ground he would first meet her who was to be his partner in life's 
rugged journey. Such is life. 

At the time Mr. B. purchased this farm it was an almost unbrokert 
forest from what is now called and including Stilz Woods to the corner of 
East street and Virginia avenue. 

J. GEORGE STILZ, 

Who is at this time engaged in the business of a seedsman and dealer 
in agricultural implements, was born in the city of Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, in the year 1834, and as a ward of that grand old common- 
wealth received at her hands a liberal education in the public schools. 

Graduating in 185 1 from the Central High School of that city, 
young Stilz entered the mercantile life by engaging with one of the 



CAPTAIN JOHN CAIN. 36^ 

largest commercial houses of his native city, and with whom he con- 
tinued until the close of 1856, when, being dissatisfied with the limited 
opportunities for advancement in an overcrowded east, he ventured west 
in January, 1857, and reaching Indianapolis concluded to settle here, 
engaged in the capacity of clerk with Tousey & Byram, and remained 
with them until March, 1858. 

Being of a mechanical turn, and also agriculturally inclined, Mr. 
Stilz, on the first of June of that year, formed a copartnership with P. 
S. Birkenmayer, dealer in seeds and agricultural implements, it being the 
pioneer establishment in this line in the city, of which business, by the 
withdrawal of Mr. Birkenmayer in March, 1861, Mr. Stilz has been and 
is now sole proprietor. 

Much of Mr. Stilz's success in this business is no doubt attributable 
to his being a practical cultivator and agriculturist, as since his advent 
into the seed and implement trade he has been actively engaged in the 
culture of all the varied products of the soil, thus gaining by experience 
the discrimination and knowledge necessary to the accurate selection of 
his own wares, and the proper conduct of his business. That the same 
has been conducted with marked ability and success is evidenced by the 
steady and permanent growth of his business and the widely extended 
reputation which this house enjoys. 

Mr. Stilz is just now in the prime of life, with a healthy and robust 
constitution, a fine form and a good personal address, and possesses the 
happy faculty of making friends of all whom business or circumstances 
brings him in contact. 

Although seven years have elapsed since the above was written, Mr. 
Stilz is yet in the same business and at the same place, where his busi- 
ness has steadily increased until it is one of the largest establishments 
of the kind in the entire west. 



CAPTAIN JOHN CAIN 

Was a native of the Old Dominion, born in Culpepper county in the 
year 1805. He there learned the book-binding business, but ere he had 
attained his majority came west, and for a short time worked at his trade 
in Hamilton, Ohio. 

In the year 1826 he came to Indianapolis, when its whole population 
did not exceed eight hundred souls. He immediately opened the first 
book-bindery in the place. In 1832 he pubHshed a book of miscellan- 
eous poems, the first book of any kind, with the exception of the laws 



370 



SKETCHES OF PROMIXENT CITIZEXS. 



of the State, published in the place ; he also opened the first bookstore 
about that time. Shortly after his arrival here he wooed and won the 
hand of Miss Eliza Jenison, the only daughter of the late Rufus Jenison, 
one of the prominent farmers of the county ; she at that time, although 
a child in yeavs, was one of the reigning belles of the city. 

At the time Mr. Cain first came to this place there were very few 
men that supported the claims of General Jackson to the Presidency. 
Of the two newspapers then here both opposed the old hero, and sup- 
ported Henry Clay. He immediately became known as a warm Jackson 
man, and was ever found in any assemblage of that kind. 

After the election of General Jackson, and in the spring of 1S29, he 
was appointed postmaster, which position he held through his eight 
years administration, and four years of Mr. Van Buren's, always taking 
an active part in political meetings and elections, and he was so violent 
a partisan that in that ever memorable year, 1840, brought down upon 
himself the displeasure of some of our best and leading citizens', for 
whatsoever his hand found to do in a political way he did with ail his 
might. Shortly after the inauguration of General Harrison, in 1841, he 
resigned, but after the deffection of President Tyler from the Whig 
party, he was replaced in the post office, but held it a short time only. 

It was during the time he was postmaster, and through his exertions, 
that this was made a distributing office, and also the express mail from 
Washington and Baltimore via the National road through this place was 
established by Amos Kendall, then Postmaster General. 

After he had quit the post office the second time he engaged in 
merchandising, but, owing to dishonest clerks and a temperament not 
suited to the business, he was not successful. At that time he owned 
some very valuable city property, as well as the farm now owned by 
Calvin Fletcher, Junior, adjoining the city on the Pendleton road ; he 
also owned the ground where the Trade Palace clothing store is located, 
and many other pieces of city property, which would now make him 
very wealthy. 

About the year 1847 he sold out his entire property and removed to 
one of the lower Ohio river counties in Kentucky, bought a farm and 
mill, and commenced merchandising again. His farm was stocked with 
negroes, and although he was raised in a slave State he did not under- 
stand the manageing of them ; he thought, in order to keep them under 
subjection, it was necessary to flog them occasionally, whether they 
needed it or not, to give them a proper appreciation of their true situa- 
tion and his authority. In consequence of this rigorous course the 



DANIEL MACAULEY. 



371 



negroes set fire to his mill and store, and almost burned him out of 
house and home. He then, with his family, returned to Indianapolis, 
and for a while kept the Capital House, which was noted for its fine table, 
for he had ever been a good liver and a bountiful provider for the culin- 
ary department of his family; in living he never exercised economy. 

In 1853 he was appointed by President Pierce Indian agent for 
Washington Territory, and with his eldest son, Andrew J. Cain, went 
there and remained some years, and somewhat recuperated his damaged 
fortune, and returned to his family and remained until his death in 1867. 
He died very suddenly and unexpectedly to his family. 

John Cain was a generous, warm-hearted man, devoted in his friend- 
ship, but equally bitter to his enemies ; there was no duplicity or deceit 
in his composition ; there was no mistaking his position on any subject; 
he never practiced dissimulation in any way ; this, if a fault, was his 
greatest one, and he sometimes made an enemy by his plain, blunt 
manner of speaking. 

As a husband and father he was ever kind and indulgent, and a 
bountiful provider for the various wants of a family. When I say no 
more hospitable man in his house ever lived or died in this city, I speak 
of personal experience of forty-one years, and of which many of the 
recipients yet living will testify. 

He had a very good command of language, and possessed fine con- 
versational powers. In person he was about five feet eight inches in 
height, a rotund form, inclined to corpulency, and a florid complexion ; 
in movement very quick and active for a person of his build. 

Mrs. Cain is yet living, and a resident of the city, and, unlike most 
ladies, thinks the place of her husband can never be filled on this side 
the grave. As she was ever a devoted wife, so she is a weeping widow. 

DANIEL MACAULEY. 

Daniel Macauley is a native of the Empire City, born in New York 
on the 8th of September, 1839, °f Irish parentage. 

When he was seven years of age his parents removed to Buffalo, 
where his father died of cholera in August, 1849. He was then ap- 
prenticed to learn the book-binding business, and there worked at his 
trade, with but few years intermission, until i860, when he came to In- 
dianapolis. He then worked for Messrs. Bingham & Doughty in the 
Sentinel book-binding establishment until the beginning of the war in 
1861. He at once entered as a private in the Indianapolis Zouaves, and 



3;2 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



was elected first lieutenant of the company, which was assigned to the 
nth Indiana regiment, commanded by Colonel Lew Wallace. He was 
appointed by Colonel Wallace adjutant before the regiment left for the 
field. In one year he was made major. In September, 1S62, was made 
lieutenant-colonel; in March, 1863, colonel, and was twice brevetted 
brigadier general for services in battle ; was in command of a brigade 
about one year ; was twice severely wounded, once through the thigh 
during the battle before Vicksburg, and again on the day of Sheridan's 
ride at Cedar Creek, Virginia, in the hip, the last bullet remaining in 
his body beyond the reach of extraction. 

He was constantly in service for five years, with the exception of 
thirty days. He was at Donaldson, Shiloh, the siege of Vicksburg ; 
with Banks in Louisiana, Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, and in all 
the battles and campaigns in which the regiment participated. 

General Macauley was married March 26, 1863, and while in the 
army, to the daughter of Bishop Ames, and when the war was over he 
again engaged in the book-binding business. 

In April, 1867 he was nominated by the Republican party as their 
candidate for mayor of this city, and elected in May, and in April, 1869, 
was renominated and re-elected for another term of two years ; also, in 
1 87 1, making a successive term of six years. 

The reader will readily perceive that Mr. Macauley has been the 
architect of his own fortune, and has risen quite early in life to a high 
and responsible position, and possesses in a high degree the requisite 
qualifications for the trust reposed in him. 

He is a man of pleasing and agreeable manners, and. in his inter- 
course with his subordinate officials seemed void of that vanity too often 
found in persons who reach high positions early in life ; this fact ren- 
dered him quite popular with his colleagues in the city government. 
Amid the noise and confusion that was sometimes observed in the 
council as well as in other deliberative bodies, the sound of his hammer 
never failed to restore order and decorum. 

General Macauley was one of the projectors and stockholders of 
the beautiful suburb Woodruff Place, and is at this time secretary of the 
Woodruff scientific expedition which contemplates a trip around the 
world. 

JOHN T. PRESSLEY. 

Mr. Pressley was born in Preble county, Ohio, on the 7th of May, 
1831, and the first thirteen years of his life were spent on a farm, where 



JOHN T. PRESSLEY. 373 

he made himself useful by hoeing corn, feeding the stock, milking the 
cows, and the performance of such other miscellaneous duties as fall to 
the lot of a farmer boy. He never shirked his work, or slighted any 
job at which he was put, but, like boys in the aggregate, had to be 
thrashed at regular and irregular intervals to subdue the exuberance of 
his animal spirits. He never whined when luck was against him, but 
took his lickings in a philosophical spirit, justly remembering that where 
he got one which he didn't deserve he escaped a half dozen which he did 
deserve. 

Mr. Pressley's parents removed to this city in 1843, and he shortly 
followed. For two years he drove a team at the deaf and dumb 
asylum, and while he was engaged in this line the steward was discharged 
and Mr. Pressley was appointed in his place ; this position being filled 
with credit to himself and satisfaction to the board for four years, when 
he resigned, and took service with the Bee Line railway company as 
engineer. The fact that he held the throttle on this road for thirteen 
consecutive years speaks well for the manner in which he discharged his 
duties. He was known from one end of the road to the other as a sober, 
careful and competent engineer. 

After leaving the road Mr. Pressley went into the saw-mill business, 
and ripped walnut for nine consecutive years. While engaged in this 
business he traveled all over this county buying walnut trees, and there 
is not a man. Republican, Democrat or Independent, of whom he ever 
bought a tree that did not vote for him for sheriff. This fact simply 
shows the personal magnetism of the man, and the fairness and square- 
ness of his dealings. 

Mr. Pressley has never been an office seeker. In 1872, at the earnest 
solicitation of his Republican friends, he became a candidate for coun- 
cil in the eighth ward. This was when the eighth and thirteenth 
were together, and there was a conceded Democratic majority of three 
hundred in the ward. It was admitted that Pressley was the only Repub- 
lican in the ward who had a ghost of a chance, and very much against 
his inclination he was induced to make the race. The vigor with which 
he contested the race is shown by the result — his election by a majority 
of one hundred and forty-seven. The Democratic citizens of the wird 
who voted for him had no cause to regret their action. No member 
ever watched the- interests of his constituents more closely, or secured 
more benefits for them. Up to Pressley's time, the southside had been 
snubbed on more than one occasion through the indolence or incapacity 
of its representatives, and the northern wards usually got the cream of 



374 :>A'ETCHES OF PROM/XEiXT C/TJZEXS. 

the expenditures. There was no gas in Pressley's ward, and its streets- 
were in a bad condition. He forced the northern members to "tote fair, "■ 
and secured for his ward, and other southern wards, all that they were 
justly entitled to, if not a little more. 

Mr. Pressley received the nomination of the Republican party for 
sheriff of Marion county, and was elected in October, 1876, and it is said 
that he is one of the best officials that has ever filled that responsible 
position. 

EX-PRESIDENT VAN BUREN'S VISIT TO INDIANAPOLIS. 

Martin Van Buren, of New York, who was the successor of General 
Jackson as President of the United States, and served as such from the 
4th of March, 1S37, to the 4th of March, 1S41, with his late Secretary 
of the Navy, Paulding, made a tour of some of the western States in 
the months of May and June, 1842. 

After visiting his old friend General Jackson, at the Hermitage, near 
Nashville, Tennessee, he paid his respects to Mr. Clay, at Ashland, near 
Lexington, Kentucky. Although no public men had ever denounced 
each other politically in so severe language as they, yet they were warm 
personal friends, so much so that Mr. Van Buren traveled out of his 
way to pay his respects to the Sage of Ashland. They had a mutual 
admiration each for the talent of the other. 

From Ashland he came by the way of Columbus, Ohio, to Indiana- 
polis, over the National road, in the common stage coach of that day. 
He arrived here on Saturday, the 9th of June, and was met on the east- 
ern outskirts of the town by an immense concourse of people, and wel- 
comed to Indiana by the late Judge James Morrison in behalf of the 
citizens' committee of reception, to which the Ex-President replied in 
one of his happy and eloquent speeches, paying a glowing eulogium to- 
the " log cabin boys of the west," by whom he was so ingloriously de- 
feated but two years before. 

From the place of reception the distinguished visitor proceeded, ia 
an open barouche, direct to the Palmer House, where a public dinner 
was given to him and invited guests. In the afternoon he was called 
upon by many of the public men of the State, who were here in attend- 
ance upon the United States and Supreme Courts. Mr. Van Buren was 
introduced by James Whitcomb, afterward Governor of the State. In 
the evening a banquet was given to him at the same hotel, where the 
elite of the town vied with each other in their attentions to the distin- 
guished gentleman, which was returned by him in his usual gallant style. 




^^/ /'/^ 






MAJOR ELISHA G. ENGLISH. ^yy 

The next day being Sunday Mr. Van Buren attended the Methodist 
church on the southwest corner of Meridian and Circle streets, and in 
the evening Henry Ward Beecher's church, on the northwest corner of 
Market and Circle streets. 

On Monday he proceeded on his journey to St. Louis, via the 
National road. Mr. Van Buren had. when President, vetoed a bill 
making an appropriation of several hundred thousand dollars for the 
completion of this road through Indiana. This was considered a fit 
opportunity to retaliate upon him by a, practical joke. Asa Wright (now 
but lately deceased) was the driver of the team between this place and 
Plainfield. Asa was asked if he could, without any seeming intent, 
turn the stage over without any personal danger to the passengers, save 
the water and mud they would probably get on their clothes. Asa 
knew exactly the place where the thing could be done. A short dis- 
tance this side of Plainfield was a low, wet piece of ground where, by a 
seeming avoidance of the mud in the middle of the road, he could 
run the wheels on one side of the coach in a rut, and those on the 
other over a projecting root and turn the coach over, and for a ten 
dollar bill he would do it. This was readily given him, and he 
performed his contract to the satisfaction of his employers. But Asa 
thought the joke worth nothing unless the Ex-President knew why 
the stage was turned over, and asked the next driver to inform Mr. Van 
Buren. This was done, and Mr. Van Buren laughed heartily at the 
joke. To Mr. Van Buren was attributed much of the success of General 
Jackson's administration. Indeed, he was considered the power behind 
the throne. To him was credited the authorship of General Jackson's 
celebrated nullification proclamation, and for which, it was said, Mr. 
Calhoun never forgave him. Mr. Van Buren was rather below the 
medium height, would weigh about one hundred and fifty pounds, large, 
projecting forehead, with but little hair on his head ; indeed, almost 
entirely bald. What little hair he had was inclined to be sandy, with 
light side-whiskers and irregular features. In manners he was a disciple 
of Chesterfield. Such was Martin Van Buren, one of the most adroit 
politicians of his day. 

MAJOR ELISHA G. ENGLISH. 

Major English was a native of Kentucky, and inherited many traits 
of character peculiar to the citizens of that State, hospitable and kind 
to all he had intercourse with. No duplicity or equivocation was to be 



37*8 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



found in his composition. There was no mistaking his opinions on any 
subject ; plain and frank in his expressions, though courteous to all. 

He became a citizen of Scott county, Indiana, in 1818, and resided 
there until a few years before his death, which occurred at the home of 
his son, the Hon. William H. English, in this city, on Saturday night 
the 14th of November, 1874. Mr. English was identified with the his- 
tory of Indiana from the time of his first residence up to the time of his 
death ; although for a few years past he had not taken an active part in 
politics, there were but few persons so well versed in the political his- 
tory both of the State and general government as he was. In the ex- 
citing Presidential canvasses both of 1840 and 1844 he took an active 
part. I remember Major English as a prominent member of the Legis- 
lature over forty years ago ; he was ever a leader of his party. He was 
a member of the Legislature at the time James B. Ray retired from the 
gubernatorial chair and Noah Noble was installed (1831), where were 
James Rariden, George Dunn, John Vawter, Elisha M. Huntington, 
George H. Proffit, Samuel Bigger, Caleb B. Smith, John H. Thompson, 
Joseph A.Wright, Amos Lane, and many others who were prominent in 
their day, all of whom preceded Mr. English to the grave. Of his Leg- 
islative associates there is scarcely one living. 

He was for several years United States Marshal for the district of 
Indiana. Under his administration of that office the census of the 
State was taken in i860. He served as sheriff of Scott county several 
terms, and held many other official positions, showing that he always 
had the confidence of the people who knew him best. 

Major English was a positive, earnest man, of strong prejudices. 
He was, nevertheless, a man of the kindest and most charitable dis- 
position, warm and devoted to his friends. His public life was char- 
acterized by honesty of purpose and fidelity to his principles, pursuing 
at the same time an open, frank and upright course toward his oppo- 
nents. He was a supporter of the Sage of the Hermitage, and ever 
continued a member of the Democratic party. 

Without the benefit of an early education, he was a self-made man 
in every respect. His career as well as his person clearly indicated that 
he had a sound mind in a sound body. He died possessing all his fac- 
ulties at a ripe old age. 

Mr. English left but one child, our fellow citizen the Hon. William 
H. English, long a Representative in Congress from the second district 
of Indiana. He was also founder and president of the First National 



HON. WILLIAM H. ENGLISH. 



379 



Bank of this city — a position he has retired from in consequence of 
failing health. 

Major English's estimable wife and companion for over fifty years 
still survives him, and resides with her son in this city. 

HON. WILLIAM H. ENGLISH. 

Mr. English has been a citizen of Indianapolis Since 1863, although 
he has been well acquainted with our citizens almost since his boyhood. 
He came to this city and organized the First National Bank before he 
removed his family. Being a native of the State and favorably known 
to our citizens, he immediately took rank as a first-class business man, and 
identified himself with several enterprises which have proved beneficial 
to the city and redound to his credit as a man and pubHc spirited citizen. 

His career in the southern part of the State, where he was born and 
raised, was eminently successful. His father was one of the pioneers of 
that section and a member of the Indiana Legislature for nearly twenty 
years, and we remember him as one of the leading men of his party in 
that body. The son entered political life at an early age. He was 
principal clerk of the House of Representatives is 1843, and an active 
participant in the Presidental canvass of 1844 that resulted in the elec- 
tion of Mr. Polk over Henry Clay. 

He was an officer in the treasury department at Washington during 
the whole of Mr. Polk's administration, and a clerk in the United States 
Senate during that ever-memorable session of 1850, when the com- 
promise was effected. Mr. English was principal secretary of the con- 
vention that framed the present constitution of Indiana, a member of 
the House of Representatives (Scott) in 185 1, and was elected its speaker 
at that session. He was a member of Congress during the whole of 
Mr. Pierce's and Mr. Buchanan's administrations, from the second con- 
gressional district of Indiana, and regent of the Smithsonian Institute 
at Washington the entire eight years. 

During his long service in Congress he took a prominent and active 
part in several important national questions. He was the author of a 
bill which passed Congress, known as the "English Bill," long a subject 
of bitter controvers}- between the political parties of the day. This bill 
was a compromise, removing an angry issue between the Senate and 
House of Representatives, placing it in the power of the people of 
Kansas, by a vote, to either prevent or secure the admission of Kansas 
under the Lecompton constitution, as they might determine. 



3 So 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



His thoughts and logic were clear, and he depicted facts with a fresh 
reflection of youth, and with a ready pen he fitted his thoughts to cir- 
cumstances. On the breaking out of the war Mr. English retired from 
Congress, and, comparatively, from an active political life, and without 
ever having sustained a defeat before the people. 

The First National Bank of this city was a pioneer of the system in 
Indiana, and it has been very successful under his management as the 
chief executive officer of the institution. I see by the city papers its 
stock is worth fifty per cent, premium, and holders refuse to sell at 
these figures; this certainly speaks well for the financial ability of its 
head. He was for several years the principal stockholder of the differ- 
ent street railroads. He is a man of fine native as well as acquired 
ability, a well-read lawyer, but not in practice for many years, and a 
man of large wealth. 

It is but seldom we see a man who started with such prospects of a 
brilliant career in politics voluntarily relinquish them for that of an ac- 
tive business life. And it is still more remarkable that an only child as 
he is, reared in the lap of luxury and ease, and never knew what it was 
to have a reasonable wish ungratified by indulgent parents, that had 
never experienced the necessity of exertion of either body or mind, 
should make the energetic business man he has. 

Mr. English is now just in the prime of Hfe, a tall, finely framed and 
symmetrical figure, dignified and gentlemanly in his bearing, a fine ad- 
dress. His whole contour would at once commend to and attract atten- 
tion in any intelligent assemblage. 

During the time he was engaged in the treasury department he met 
with a young lady of Virginia, then visiting the national capital, and 
they were married ; she yet shares his great prosperity and the reward 
of his untiring energy and industry. They have two children, daugh- 
ter and son. The daughter, Rosalind, was married on the 24th of June, 
1876, to Dr. Willoughby Walling, a prominent physician of Louisville, 
Kentucky, where they now reside. The son, Will English, a rising 
young lawyer of this city, resides under the paternal roof 

After organizing the First National Bank, and acting as its president 
for fourteen years, Mr. English voluntarily retired from its management 
on account of failing health, and for the purpose of attending to his 
private business. 

Never in the history of banks or banking has there been an insti- 
tution of the kind managed more successfully, or more to the advant- 
age of its stockholders and all interested ; while they have ever been 



SAAfPSON BARBEE, SENIOR. 38 I 

liberal to their customers and the pubhc, the bank has incurred Httle or 
no loss of consequence. This is remarkable in an institution doing mil- 
lions of dollars of business annually, and is the best evidence that can be 
adduced of the great financial ability of Mr. English. 

JAMES SKILLEN. 

Mr. Skillen is a native of the Emerald Isle, born in the county of 
Down on the 6th of September, 18 14. He came to Canada in 1841, 
from there to Indianapolis in 1843 ; since then he has been engaged 
nearly the whole time in the milling business. 

In 1844 he navigated White river with a boat-load of produce for 
the southern market. From 185 1 to 1855 he was lessee of the Fall 
Creek mills, known as West's mills. He then purchased a portion, 
and subsequently the whole, of a mill in Carroll county, which he traded 
Robert R. Underhill for property in Indianapolis. In i860 he built the 
yEtna mills on the arm of the canal on West Washington street ; this 
mill he ran for fourteen years, when he sold it and for a short time 
retired. He now owns and runs a mill at Trader's Point, on the Lafay- 
ette State road, some ten or twelve miles from the city. 

in 1847 Mr. Skillen was married to a neice of John Carlisle, of this 
city, with whom he yet lives. Mr. Skillen is a practical miller, and it 
is said understands the whole minutia of the business. 

SAMPSON BARBEE, SENIOR. 

Mr. Barbee was a native of the Old Dominion, born in Prince Wil- 
liam county on the nth of June, 1787. He resided in various places 
in his native State in the capacity of a farm overseer until 1828, at 
which time he removed to Zanesville, Ohio. In October, 1836, he 
removed to Indianapolis, and here resided until the loth of October, 
1872, the date of his decease. Before leaving Virginia he was married 
to Miss Lucy Payne, who survived him seven months. 

During their thirty-six years residence in this city they were highly 
respected, possessing as they did a large share of the frankness, candor, 
hospitality peculiar to the citizens of their native State. They leave 
five children, Sampson Barbee, Jun., Robert Barbee, for several years 

connected with the police of the city, and Barbee, a farmer living 

a few miles southeast of the city ; Mrs. Ann Young, widow of the late 
Granville Young, and Mrs. Van Laningham, wife of Lemuel Van Lan- 



382 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



ingham, a well known citizen. Mr. Barbee was the brother of ex-Mayor 
Barbae, of Louisville, Kentucky, to whom he bore a strong resemblance. 
Although Mr. Barbee was over four-score years of age, he retained his 
mental faculties to the last. 

HEZEKIAH MILES McCORMACK, 

Oldest son of James and Patsey McCormack, and nephew of John McCor- 
mack, was born near Connersville, Fayette county, Indiana, on the 13th 
of March, 1819 ; with his parents came to where the city of Indianapolis 
is now located, on the 7th of March, 1820. Mr. McCormack's uncle, 
John McCormack, had settled on the banks of White river near where 
Washington street crosses that stream about one month before. 

Hezekiah received the principal part of his education in Marion 
county, under the tutorage of the late Madison Hume and Noah Jackson. 
In September, 1836, he settled in Bellville, Hendricks county, where 
he learned the tailoring business with Peter Koil. Two years later, 
October, 1838, he removed to Danville, in the same county, and worked 
at his trade with William A. King. In October, 1840, he engaged in 
the same business on his own account. On the i6th of March, 1841, 
he was married to Miss Lucinda Beattie, of Edinburgh, a sister-in-law 
of the person with whom he learned his trade. 

He continued to reside in Danville until 1869, when he removed to 
Greencastle, Putnum county, in order to finish the education of his three 
sons. Remaining in Greencastle over four years, and having accom- 
plished the object for which he went there, they returned to Indianapolis 
on the 25th of December, 1873. Mr. McCormack is now engaged in 
the real estate and general collecting business. His residence is at 21 
North East street. 

On the 25th of September, 1839, ^e united with the Methodist 
Episcopal church at camp meeting, near Mooresville, Morgan county. 
Rev. James Havens being the presiding elder, and having charge of the 
meetings, John B. Burte the station or traveling preacher. I remember 
the subject of this sketch when no noise was heard where Indianapolis 
now stands save that which proceeded from the axe of the woodman, 
the rifle of the hunter, or the falling tree, and have always found him an 
honest, upright man, as he was a boy. 

Mr. McCormack's mother is yet living, and the very oldest female 
settler of the city, having come here over fifty-six years ago, being the 



HENRY D. CARLISLE. 38 j 

second family to settle in the New Purchase. She was the daughter of 
Jehu Perkins, well known as one of the first to build a mill in Rush 
county, on Little Flat Rock. 



HENRY DOUGLAS PIERCE. 

Harry Pierce, as he is more generally known by his numerous 
friends, was born on the 9th of April, 1849, while his parents were en 
route to California. He was named in honor of the late Stephen A. 
Douglas, who was a personal as well as political frien'd of Henry's 
father, Doctor Winslow S. Pierce. 

In their younger days Doctor Pierce and Mr. Douglas agreed that 
whoever should first have a son, he should name him for the other, 
hence the Douglas occupying a middle position in Harry's name. 

With his father he came to Indianapolis in 1854. He received reg- 
ularly the rudiments of his education in the public schools preparatory 
to college. He was with the Rev. L. G. Hay and Luther H. Crull, at 
their academy. He finished his education at Princeton, New Jersey. 
He attended two courses of medical lectures — one at the Ohio medical 
college during Doctor Parvin's connection with it ; the other at Berk- 
shire medical college when at the age of eighteen. He passed the ex- 
amination, standing fourth in a class of thirty, and received a certificate 
entitling him to a diploma of M. D. on becoming of age. At the age 
of twenty-one he received his diploma, but never intended to practice 
medicine, but wished a knowledge of it as a part of his education. He 
then studied law in the office of his uncle, Governor Hendricks, in this 
city. 

After he had finished the study of his profession he practiced one 
year alone. Since that time he has been connected with ex-United 
States Senator David Turpie in the practice of law. 

On the 30th of June, 1875, he was married to Miss Elizabeth Stalls, 
daughter of the late Almus E. Vinton, of this city. 

HENRY D. CARLISLE 

Was born in Indianapolis on the loth day of April, 1838, while the 
canal was in course of construction, and resided near its banks. Lived 
here until 1856, then took charge of the mills at Waverly, Morgan 
county, there remained two years ; thence to Connersville, Fayette 
county, where he also remained two years; then returned to Indianap- 



384 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

olis, remaining eighteen months ; thence to Minnesota and lived one 
year, again returning to his native town. In 1868 he built the Home 
Mills, and managed them until 1874. 

Mr. Carlisle was married in i860 to Miss Jane A. Teal, of this city. 
In September, 1875, he was elected secretary of the Board of Trade of 
this city. Mr. Carlisle is the son of that well known citizen and veteran 
mill owner, John Carlisle. Henry D. Carlisle is about six feet in height, 
quite stout build, florid complexion and light hair, and is an active 
business man. 

JAMES O. WOODRUFF. 

Mr. Woodruff is a native of the Empire State, born at Auburn in 
1840. Was educated at Andover College, Massachusetts. To him 
Indianapolis is largely indebted for her water works, having come for 
the purpose of constructing them in 1870. In 1872 he purchased the 
eighty acres of land now comprising that beautiful northeast portion of 
the city known as Woodruff Place. 

This tract of land was purchased by the late Rev. Rezin Hammond 
at the first sale of land in the New Purchase, at Brookville, in July, 
1821. I recollect well when Mr. Hammond was traveling through the 
country making selections to purchase. This land had remained without 
any improvements whatever until purchased by Mr. Woodruff; he paid 
the heirs of Mr. Hammond two hundred and forty thousand dollars, 
and since has expended two hundred and fifty thousand in improving and 
ornamenting the grounds. Woodruff Place is now one of, if not the most 
beautiful place in the entire west, ornamented as it is with statuary, 
fountains, parks and drives ; it is a credit to the city and an honor to its 
liberal projector. There is no man whose residence has been of such 
recent date to whom Indianapolis is so largely indebted. 

In person Mr. Woodruff is rather below the medium size, light hair 
and complexion, courteous and affable in manner ; his whole contour at 
once stamps him as a gentleman of culture and education, and such as 
would command respect from all with whom he is associated. 

PETER LIEBER. 

Mr. Lieber was born in Dusseldorf, Germany, on the 27th of May, 
1834; came to the United States in 1854, and to Indianapolis in 1856. 
In 1863 he began the brewing business on Pennsylvania street near the 



JUSTIN SMITH. 385 

southeast corner of that street and South. Here he carried on the 
business successfully until 187 1, having in the meantime erected his large 
brewery on Madison avenue, where he is yet doing a large business. 

To say that his establishment, in size, is second to none in the city, 
except that of C. F. Schmidt's, and his articles inferior to none, is but 
doing simple justice. Mr. Lieber enjoys, to a high degree, the confi- 
dence and esteem of all classes of citizens, more especially so of those 
of his own nativity. His is a fair illustration of what perseverance and 
industry, coupled with strict integrity and punctuality will accomplish 
in business. It is to such men as Mr. Lieber that this city is largely 
indebted for her present prosperity. While he is a good business man 
he is yet liberal, especially for charitable and benevolent purposes. 

PETER GOTH. 

There are very few of our German citizens but are acquainted with 
our genial friend Peter Goth. Mr. Goth is a native of Bavaria, born at 
Palatina, on the Rhine, on the 13th of June, 1826. When he first came 
to the United States he settled at Moore's Hill, Dearborn county, 
Indiana, and there remained five years. In 1853 he came to Indianapolis, 
and is known as one of our most respectable citizens. 

Mr. Goth owns a fine property opposite the fair grounds, being a 
portion of the farm originally belonging to the late Thomas Johnson. 
He has a son in the grocery business on Fort Wayne avenue. 

JUSTIN SMITH. 

The connection that existed between Mr. Smith and the writer 
makes it somewhat embarrassing to him to say what he would under 
other circumstances. 

He was a native of the central part of the State of New York, and 
when quite a young man went south, and for a few years engaged in the 
shipping business in Charleston, South Carolina. He then returned 
north and engaged in the wholesale liquor business in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. Thence to New York city, and was there married to 
Miss Maria B. Lloyd, who was the mother of his several children. 
From New York city he removed to the neighborhood of his birthplace, 
and established a furnace for the manufacture of iron. Thence to 

23 



386 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CIT'lZENS. 

Rochester, Monroe county, where he resided until his removal to Indf- 
anapolis, in November, 1838. 

At the latter place he contributed considerable to the improvement 
of the city and making it what it is to-day, one of the most beautiful 
cities of the Union. 

When he left Rochester to find a home for himself and his family it 
was a formidable undertaking, as there were no railroads, as now, tO' 
facilitate their journey, and when he parted with his friends it was- 
thought to be a last and long farewell, but such has been the progress 
and improvement in locomotion that they now often meet, in what was 
then the western wilds, those whom they never expected to again meet 
on this side of the grave. 

In less than one short year after Mr. Smith's arrival at his new home, 
she, who had thus far in life's journey been the partner of his bosom, 
fell a victim to a malignant fever, and left him without the counsel and 
advice of his best friend, and his children without a mother whom they 
loved so well. Mrs. Smith was a lady of fine accomplishments, having 
been educated at one of the best female institutions in New York, and 
endowed with such personal attractions that her place was never filled 
in the heart of him she left behind. 

Mr. Smith was not a fashionable Christian, but practiced the genuine 
as he went along in kindness to the poor and acts of charity. He sel- 
dom gave to societies, but found the objects of charity on the highway 
or in the by-ways. 

In the year 1844 a distinguished man of the State died. Mr. Smith 
was asked if he was going to the funeral ; his answer was, "As this was 
a rich and distinguished man there would be plenty there to bury him."" 
A few weeks after this a well known pauper died ; the funeral proces- 
sion consisted of the hearse, a country wagon, with the relatives of the 
deceased, and Mr. Smith in the rear in his buggy. 

At the time the Roberts Chapel congregation worshipped in the 
Court House, Mr. Smith heard that their preacher (Rev. Mr. Bayliss) 
was a Democrat, so he attended his meetings quite regularly. One even- 
ing there was considerable religious excitement in the congregation. 
The minister invited the mourners to come forward to be prayed for. 
Mr. Smith, having a curiosity to know who wanted praying for, rose to^ 
his feet, and resting on his cane, was discovered by the minister, who 
invited him in this way: "Will father Smith come forward?" Mr. Smith 
very deliberately went forward, took a five-frank piece from his pocket, 
laid it on the table, and remarked : "If that will pay you for the trouble 



PAUL B. L. SMITH. 2 87 

I've been to you, I shall not visit your church again." So he never 
again went to hear Mr. Bayliss ; nor did he like to be called father 
Smith, nor singled out in that way. 

Mr. Smith was a'large, portly man, and possessed considerable poli- 
tical information. He said to the writer, forty years ago, that the seed 
was then being sown which would produce the bloodiest intestine war 
the world ever knew of. 

Mr. Smith's eldest daughter, Mary Frances, was the wife of V. C. 
Hanna, eldest son of General Robert Hanna. Mrs. Hanna died at De- 
troit, Michigan, on the 15th of August, 1877. The second daughter, 
Amelia Theresa, the writer claims by right of pre-emption. 

The third daughter, Julia Anna (now dead) was the wife of Elwood 
Fisher, who was one of the readiest political writers of his day. He was, 
in 1850, the editor of the Southern Press, in Washington City. This 
paper was the organ of the extreme southern party that opposed the 
compromise of that year. Mr. Fisher went south when the war broke 
out in 1 86 1, and died at Atlanta, Georgia, in the fall of 1862. 

The fourth daughter of Mr. Smith was the wife of the late Doctor 
Charles W. Stumm, a well-known and eminent homeopathic physician of 
Piqua, Ohio, who died in March, 1877. The eldest son, P. B. L. Smith, 
died at Marseilles, France, in February, 1868. The second son, 
Adolphus Henry, is a retired banker. The third and youngest son, 
Frederick A. Smith, is a resident of Cincinnati. 

Mr. Smith was the uncle of Generals Morgan L. and Giles A. Smith, 
who were prominent in the war for the preservation of the Union. The 
latter was General Grant's second assistant postmaster. They are both 
deceased. 

Justin Smith died on Friday, the 29th of December, 1854, and now 
sleeps by the side of his daughter (Mrs. Fisher) in that beautiful city of 
the dead. Spring Grove Cemetery, near Cincinnati. 

Of the nine persons that composed Mr. Smith's family when they" 
came to Indianapolis in the fall of 1838, there are but four living, and 
but one, Mrs. J. H. B. Nowland, a resident of this city. 

PAUL B. L. SMITH. 

Nine years ago I wrote the obituary notice of Mr. Smith, he having 
died at Marseilles, France, on the 2d of February, 1868. He was born 
in Brooklyn, New York, but when a mere child he removed with his 



388 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

father (the late Justin Smith), to Rochester, in his native State, where he 
lived until he came to Indianapolis in the fall of 1838. His father had 
purchased a large farm, with mills and distillery, near Edinburg, in 
Johnson county. There he established a dry goods store, and the whole 
was managed by Adolphus H. Smith, a second son, while P. B. L. Smith 
was engaged in the mercantile business in this place. 

In 1844, P. B. L. Smith determined to gratify a desire, he had long 
cherished, of visiting the continent of Europe, and, in the fall of that 
year, sailed from New York. He spent the winter in Paris, and the 
summer of 1845 '" traveling over the continent, and returned home in 
the fall of that year, his business being carried on, in the meantime, by 
his brother. Again, in the spring of 185 1, he returned to Europe, hav- 
ing taken a partner in his business here who was interested only so far 
as the profits were concerned. About a year after he left, his partner 
sold out the establishment and a fine lucrative trade that Mr. Smith had 
been fourteen years in building up. His place of business will be re- 
membered by most of the old citizens as situated where Odd Fellows' 
Hall stands, on the northeast corner of Washington and Pennsylvania 
streets. When he returned from Europe, in the fall of 1852, and found 
his business closed, he became low spirited and did not seem to care for 
business after that, although he had abundant means to engage in any 
kind he wished. 

As there are dark hours in the history of every human being, when 
despondency and gloom reign supreme, and the future is shrouded in 
melancholy, so it was with him, and he determined to again visit 
Europe until his mind became tranquil and again prepared for business. 
In accordance with this design, he again sailed from New York in April, 
1856, taking with him his youngest sister, Justine. Little did either of 
them dream, as they took a last look at the manj- church spires of New 
York, as they receded from their view while the magnificent steamer 
was leaving the harbor, that he was bidding a long and last farewell to 
his native land, leaving behind all that was near and dear to him on 
earth, to find a grave among strangers, and without the sympathetic tear 
of brother or sister to fall upon his coffin. 

The two years his sister remained with him were spent principally 
in Paris. After her return to the United States he traversed the conti- 
nent from one end to the other, spending the winter seasons in Algiers. 

In the last letter one of his sisters received from him he expressed 



ADOLPHUS HENRY SMITH. 



389 



a desire once more to see his native country ; but his health was so im- 
paired as to render it almost impossible. 

"The home of my childhood ; methinks I can see 
Those forms that in youth were familiar to me ; 
And oft on the tablet of memory I trace 
The image enshrined of each dear loving face." 

But he has solved the problem of life, and now sleeps in the Prot- 
estant Cemetery at Marseilles, France. Previous to leaving this coun- 
try the last time he placed a large amount of money at interest, the 
income from which considerably more than supported him. 

There are some men now in business in this city, on the high road 
to wealth, who did business for Mr. Smith, and acquired much of their 
business knowledge while with him; among whom are William E. 
Featherston, who came to him when a boy. Also Charles Bals, who 
is now deceased, once a prominent wholesale liquor dealer on Meridian 
street. 

During the fifteen years residence of Mr. Smith in Europe, he was 
proficient in acquiring a knowledge of the French, Italian and German 
languages, and spoke them with the ease and fluency of a native. 

He was a man of fine address and agreeable manners, and was ever 
a welcome guest at the fireside of his friends and acquaintances. Dur- 
ing his eighteen years residence in this city he ranked as a first-class 
business man, punctual with all he had dealings with, and expected 
them to be so with him. His word he valued above money. 

From 1838 to 1856 there was no name more familiar to the people 
of Indianapolis than that of P. B. L. Smith. It is the sincere hope of 
the writer that he sought and found his portion of that inheritance 
which fadeth not away. 

ADOLPHUS HENRY SMITH. 

Mr. Smith was the second son of the late Justin Smith, once well 
known to nearly every citizen of Indianapolis. A. H. Smith was born 
in North Moore street, New York city, on the 24th of February, 18 14. 
At an early age, with his father's family, removed to Rochester, New 
York, where he was raised. When quite young he developed business 
qualifications of more than ordinary character. At the age of sixteen 
he readily commanded the highest salary given to clerks. At the age 
of twenty-one he engaged in business for himself; later he became a 



39° 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



partner with his elder brother, the late P. B. L. Smith, in a large whole- 
sale dry goods and grocery establishment. 

In the fall of 1838, he, with his father's family, removed to Indiana- 
polis. P. B. L. Smith took charge of the store in the city, while Adol- 
phus was in charge of the farm, store, mills and distillery in 'Johnson 
county, three miles north of Edinburg, on Sugar creek. This business he 
managed successfully and with profit to himself and father. In 1841 he 
sold the latter establishment and went to Cincinnati and engaged in 
business with the late John Bates, of that city. His first speculation in 
the Queen City was a whole cargo of nails, upon which he realized seven 
thousand dollars profit. His foresight in that large transaction gave Mr. 
Bates unbounded confidence in his great judgement. 

In 1842 he was married to Miss Sarah E., daughter of his partner. 
In 1843, engaged with his brother-in-law, James Bates, in the dry goods 
business in Piqua, Ohio ; this business he continued but a short time. 
He then came back to Indianapolis and was for a few years engaged 
with his brother in business on the northeast corner of Washington and 
Pennsylvania streets, now Odd Fellows' Hall. In the spring of 1847 
he returned to Cincinnati and purchased the White Mills and distillery 
near Brighton, which he successfully managed for several years ; in the 
meantime he engaged in the banking business in connection with Henry 
O. Gilbert, at the corner of Main and Third streets. 

In 1855 he sold out the White Mills and with his wife and his father 
in-law made a tour of the continent of Europe. On his return from 
Europe he built the Queen City Mills and distillery on the Cummins- 
ville pike, which was one of the most extensive establishments of the 
kind in the west. In 1861 he sold out his interest in the banking estab- 
lishment. 

When the tax of two dollars per gallon was levied on whisky in 
1862, that which was already manufactured was exempt. He had in his 
warehouse two thousand barrels, or eighty thousand gallons, awaiting 
an advance of a few cents on the gallon. This tax advanced his whisky 
from about seven dollars per barrel to eighty-seven dollars per barrel 
He then sold the Queen City Mills and purchased a farm of fifteen 
hundred acres near Springfield, Clark county, Ohio. This is one of the 
finest cultivated farms in Ohio. 

On the 22d of June, 1873, he lost his wife. He then sold his resi- 
dence on Dayton street in the city, alternating his home between the 
city and his farm. In November, 1874, he was married to his present 
wife, Mrs. Sarah K. Morse, widow of the late Judge Morse, of 



JUDGE FABIUS M. FINCH. . 3g,i 

Hamilton county, Ohio, and daughter of John M. Chever, one of the 
oldest citizens of Plqua, having settled there in 1823, and is yet living. 

In the will of the late John Bates he made Mr. Smith administrator 
of his estate, without bond. This estate, of which Mr. Smith's wife 
was an heir, was estimated at one and a quarter millions of dollars. The 
settlement of this immense estate he is now managing besides his own 
business. Mr Smith is of a hopeful and cheerful disposition ; takes the 
world as he finds it, and enjoys life as he journeys through. He is a 
loving husband, a kind and indulgent father, a generous brother and a 
true and devoted friend. 

Mr. Smith has five children — three daughters and two sons — all mar- 
ried. His eldest daughter, Amelia H., is the wife of Dr. Graham A. 
Wells, a prominent dentist of this city; the second, Maria L., is the 
■wife of General Andrew J. Hickinlooper, vice president of the Cincin- 
nati gas light and coke company ; the third, Sallie, is the wife of 

Harbine, and lives at Harbine Station, near her father's residence. 
The oldest son, Adolphus H., is a farmer, and lives near his father, in 
Clark county ; William, the youngest child, lives on a farm near Win- 
namac, Pulaski county, Indiana. 

It will be readily seen by his record that Mr. Smith has had his 
troubles as well as pleasures ; however, some of his days have been 
spent as a sparkling brook in summer time. 

He now takes great pleasure in catering for his numerous friends 
who visit him at his elegant home, Enonside, Clark county, Ohio, where 
he has the elegance of the city and substantial comforts of the country. 

JUDGE FABIUS M. FINCH. 

Judge Finch emigrated with his father. Judge John Finch, from 
Western New York to Ohio in 18 16, from thence to Marion county, in 
the New Purchase, in 18 19, settling on White river, near the present 
site of Noblesville. 

At that time there were no white inhabitants within sixty miles of 
the settlement there formed, except the trading post of Conner & Mar- 
shall, three miles below, on the same river. With Judge Finch came 
a colony of ten or twelve families, which formed the society of that 
whole region for a year or two. 

After the land sale at Brookville, in July, 182 1, the population in- 
creased upon the more favored spots, such as the prairies on the river. 
The hardships of those early pioneers, arising from sickness, mostly 



392 



SKETCaES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



chills and fever, and the ignorance of medical practitioners, and the 
want of the delicacies of life needed in such cases, no one who has not 
had the experience can conceive. Malarial diseases were treated by 
bleeding and with calomel, gamboge and severe emetics, mostly tartar 
emetic, and the wonder is that any one was left. Judge Finch having 
a good constitution survived in spite of the doctor. 

At the age of seventeen he came to this city, where, after complet- 
ing a not very thorough education, he studied law with his brother-in- 
law, the Hon. William W. Wick. At the early age of twenty, in 183 1, 
he was admitted to the bar by Judges Eggleston and Bethuel F. Mor- 
ris. He then settled at Franklin, Johnson county, where he resided 
until 1865,, when he removed to this city. 

He has made law his profession (with varying success) ever since, 
and is now the oldest member of the Indianapolis bar. Judge Finch 
recollects distinctly the selection of the site for the capitol by the com- 
missioners, on the 7th of June, 1820, and a number of the commission- 
ers afterwards visiting his father as the principal man in the county, he 
being head of the colony. 

In 1842 he was called by the Legislature to the office of president 
judge of the fifth judicial circuit, and again by the people in 1859, over 
which he presided seven years. 

Judge Finch is now practicing in partnership with his son, John A. 
Finch, the firm being Finch & Finch. John A. Finch has won a world 
wide reputation as an insurance lawyer, having given much time and 
attention to that branch of his profession, having lectured before the 
public on that subject in New York and other eastern cities. Mr. Finch 
has done a great deal in exposing the ways and means wild cat 
insurance companies use in swindling the public. While he is opposed 
to those swindling institutions and their preying upon the credulity of 
the public, he has done much for the reliabk and safe companies, for 
which he should receive their lasting gratitude. 

A few years since there was a meeting of insurance commissioners- 
at New York ; Indiana having no representative. Governor Hendricks 
appointed Mr. Finch special commissioner for this State, where he took 
a front rank, so much so that European papers complimented him very 
highly. 

Now that Judge Finch is approaching the sunset of life he must feel 
justly proud of leaving such a scion and the memories of a well spent 
life behind, and can calmly say "I have tried to do my duty to my fellow- 
man, my family and my God." Such a record will Fabius Maximus 
Finch leave when called home. 



HENRY C. GUFFIN. 



LUCIAN P. BARBOUR 



393 



Was born in Canton, Connecticut, on the 4th of March, 181 1. After 
receiving a primary education at the common schools of his native 
town he entered Amherst College, and graduated in 1837, having, 
while receiving his own education, been a teaclrcr himself. He removed 
to Indiana, and studied law at Madison. He then came to Indianapo- 
lis and commenced practice. He was for several years the law partner 
of the late William W. Wick. He was appointed by President Polk 
United States district attorney ; acted a number of times as arbitrator 
between the State of Indiana and private corporations. In 1852 he 
was appointed a commissioner to prepare a code of practice for the 
State. He was a Representative in the Thirty-fourth Congress from 
the capital district. 

While a partner of General Wick, he became his brother-in-law by 
a matrimonial alliance with the sister of Mrs. Wick, Miss Alice Bar- 
bee, of this city. 

Mr. Barbour was a Democrat up to the time of the repeal of the 
Missouri Compromise, since which time he has acted with the Re- 
publican party, and as such was elected to Congress. He is yet prac- 
ticing his profession in the different courts of Marion county, as well 
as in the Supreme and United States courts. Mr. Barbour is seldom 
if ever seen before the city or magistrate's courts. 

Although he is in his sixty-seventh year he is quite active, and 
nearly always found at his office or in the courts. Mr. Barbour has 
ever stood foremost in the ranks of our judicious lawyers. 

HENRY C. GUFFIN. 

Mr. Guffin's father was a native of Kentucky, born in Mason county 
in 1801. When twenty-one years of age he came to Rush county, 
Indiana. Soon after coming to the State he was married to Miss Mar- 
garet Reed, who was born and raised in Fayette county ; she bore him 
seven children, of which Henry is the youngest ; she died on the 25th 
of November, 1841, when the subject of this sketch was eleven months 
old. Three years later the father died, leaving him an orphan. Henry 
found a home with an estimable aunt of Fayette county, by the name 
of Rebecca Reed ; with her he lived on the farm and was used to farm 
labor until he was sixteen years of age, picking up the rudiments of an 
education whenever an opportunity presented. He was for some time 



394 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



a student of the Northwestern Christian University, and graduated on 
the 3d of July, 1863, with compHmentary honors. He then studied 
law and was admitted to the bar in February, 1865. 

He was elected and commissioned prosecuting attorney of the Marion 
County Criminal Court on the 4th of November, 1870, and served the 
term for which he was%lected to the entire satisfaction of the public, 
since which he has continued the practice of his profession in all the 
courts of the city and county. He is engaged at this time in one of the 
largest and most important land suits ever brought in the county, if not 
in the State. 

In 1864 he was married to Miss Hilhs, daughter of William Hillis, 
Esq., of Decatur county, one of the pioneer citizens of that county. 
She is well known in this city as Lotta Guffin, the artist. Mrs. Guffin 
is spoken of, by those competent to judge, as possessing artistic accom- 
plishments of the highest order, and destined, should she live, to win a 
name among the prominent painters of the age. They have two child- 
ren, Willie and Jessie. 

Mr. Guffin possesses a goodly share of the frankness and candor 
peculiar to the people of his father's nativity, plain and unpretending in 
his intercourse with those with whom he has dealings. Being left an 
orphan in his early years, he had no time for young dreams, but over- 
came obstacles and began to educate himself for future usefulness. 

WILLIAM J. BROWN 

Was born in Mason county, Kentucky, August 15, 1805, and removed 
with his father to Clermont county, Ohio, in the spring of 1808, where 
he received a good English education in the common schools and at the 
Frankhn Academy. When not quite sixteen years of age he removed 
with his father to Rush county, Indiana, in April, 1821. He studied law 
at Rushville, with the Hon. Charles H. Test, now a distinguished citizen 
of Indianapolis, and was admitted to the bar in 1826; and in the same 
year he was elected coroner, and served, ex-officio, as sheriff of Rush 
county nearly the whole term. In 1827 he was married to Miss Susan 
Tompkins, daughter of Nathan Tompkins, of Milroy, Rush county. He 
was elected to the Legislature in 1829, and re-elected in 1831. Near 
the close of the session of 183 1-2 he was chosen by the Legislature 
prosecuting attorney for his judicial circuit, which then extended from 
Lawrenceburg, on the Ohio river, to Elkhart county, on the Michigan 
border, serving for four years with great zeal and fidelity. In Decern- 



WILLIAM J. BROWN. 3^7 

ber, 1836, he was elected by the Legislature Secretary of State for four 
years, defeating the late William Sheets, the Whig nominee, though 
that party had a decided majority on joint ballot. 

During his residence at Rushville, besides practicing law, he kept a 
hotel, edited and published a Jackson newspaper, and had an interest in 
a line of mail coaches. He removed to Indianapolis in January, 1837, 
and at once entered upon the duties of the office. He was also deputy 
clerk of the United States Court for Horace Bassett, and discharged the 
duties of that position for several years. 

In August, 1 84 1, he was elected a member of the Legislature from 
Marion county, though the county had given, at the previous election, 
a large majority for General Harrison, the Whig candidate for President. 
Mr. Brown was re-elected in 1S42, by an increased vote. He was cho- 
sen a Representative in Congress from the Indianapolis district in 1843, 
over Governor David Wallace, by nearly a thousand majority, although 
his opponent had two years before defeated Colonel Nathan B. Palmer, 
the Democratic nominee, by more than three thousand votes, in the 
same district. 

In 1845 he was appointed by President Polk second assistant Post- 
master General, which office he held until March, 1849, when he was 
removed by President Taylor. In August, 1849, ^^ was again elected 
to Congress from the Indianapolis district, defeating the Hon. William 
Herrod, of Columbus. Early in 1853 he was appointed by President 
Pierce special agent of the postoffice department for Indiana and Illinois, 
which position he held at the time of his death, March 18, 1857. 

During the time of the proprietorship of his son, Austin H. Brown, 
of the Indiana State Sentinel — from 1850 to 1855 — he was the chief ed- 
itor of that paper, and many times was chairman of the Democratic State 
central committee. 

His widow still survives him, residing a few miles south of Indian- 
apolis. His children now living are Austin H. Brown, the present clerk 
of Marion county; Captain George Brown, of the United States Navy; 
Mary Ann Browning, widow of Woodville Browning — a son of Edmund 
Browning; and William J. Brown, now a deputy in the county clerk's 
office at Indianapolis. Three children have died — one named Susan, 
who died of smallpox in Johnson county, when quite young; Hannah 
Palmer, the wife of Edward L. Palmer, a son of Nathan B., died in Jan- 
uary, 1871 ; Howard, who died while serving as a lieutenant of an In- 
diana battery at Harper's Ferry, in April, 1862. 

The Hon. O. H. Smith, in his Plarly Indiana Trials, published nearly 



3^8 SKETCHES OF PROMIXENT CITIZENS. 

twenty years since, and a few months after Mr. Brown's death, says of 
him as follows : 

" William J. Brown. — Few men of his age in the west have filled 
so many high positions as the subject of this sketch, and few were so 
well known to so many. Mr. Brown was a man of untiring industry 
and of great energy of character. He held the high offices of member 
of the Legislature, member of Congress, and assistant Postmastfer Gener- 
al. He had always at command an inexhaustible fund of wit, humor, 
and interesting anecdotes. For many years he was one of the most 
formidable Democratic public speakers in the State. In person Mr. 
Brown was about the medium height, of rather delicate constitution, 
his head and shoulders slightly stooping, high, capacious forehead, light 
brown hair and prominent features. Ere he had reached the meridian 
of life he fell a victim to a fatal bronchial disease contracted by exposure 
while discharging the duties of mail agent in the postofTice department, 
in which capacity he rendered great and valuable services in detecting 
mail robbers and having them punished. Mr. Brown was the father of 
Austin H. Brown, of Indianapolis, and of Lieutenant George Brown, 
of the United States Navy. His body lies in the Indianapolis Ceme- 
tery." 

Since the above sketch was prepared his son, William J. Brown, Jun., 
died, regretted by a large number of personal friends. Who is it that 
did not know " Little Billy Brown," the life and humor of the circle in 
which he moved ? 

JOSEPH F. BROWN, 

A younger brother of the late Hon. William J. Brown and of Professor 
Ryland T. Brown, now of Indianapolis, was born in Clermont county, 
Ohio, May 7, 1820; removed with his father to Rush county, Indiana, 
when an infant, where his boyhood was spent ; came to Indianapolis in 
February, 1837, as a clerk in the office of his brother first above named, 
then Secretary of State ; was educated at Bloomington and South Han- 
over colleges; read law with Hon. Isaac Blackford (who then, 1839 and 
1840, roomed in the old governor's house on the Circle), and was ad- 
mitted to practice in the Supreme Court on his twenty-first birthday ; 
was elected principal clerk of the House of Representatives of the Indi- 
ana Legislature in December, 1841, the youngest man ever chosen to 
that position in the State ; was re-elected the following year ; located 
in Lafayette to practice his profession in June, 1842, where he resided 
until December, 1843, when he accompanied his brother, William J. 



JACOB PADDACK. 35,9 

Brown (who had been elected to Congress the August previous from 
the IndianapoHs district) to Washington City. He was soon after ap- 
pointed first assistant clerk of the United States House of Representa- 
tives, and continued in that position until 1848, when he was appointed 
chief clerk of the Adjutant General's office, in the war department, 
where he remained eight years, and resigned to take the management 
of the Washington gas-light company, and remained in its employ for 
fifteen years. 

For twelve years he was an alderman in Washington, more than half 
of that time was president of the board, and frequently, ex-officio, the 
mayor of the city. He was appointed by President Lincoln in 1861 
(though a Democrat) one of the five first commissioners of the Metro- 
politan police of the district of Columbia, and chosen treasurer of the 
board at its organization, serving for six years, disbursed more than a 
million dollars of government money, and satisfactorily accounted for 
every cent. 

Mr. Brown was married in Winchester, Virginia, May 7, 1846, to 
Miss Maria Virginia Singleton, the second daughter of W. G. Single- 
ton, a prominent lawyer of that place. Mrs. Brown is still living in the 
enjoyment of good health, and beloved by all who have the pleasure of 
her acquaintance. 

Mr. Brown is now employed as a deputy in the clerk's office, by 
appointment from his nephew, Austin H. Brown, the efficient and pop- 
ular clerk of Marion county, Indiana. After an absence from Indian- 
apolis of the third of a century he has returned to make it his perma- 
nent home, and is astonished, like all absentees, to find one hundred 
thousand people living within its corporate limits, where less than five 
thousand vegetated when he ceased to be a resident in 1842. He says 
he can with truth and pride repeat the boast of a Roman emperor on 
returning to his birthplace after many years absence, "I left it a village 
of hamlets — I found it a city of palaces. 



JACOB PADDACK. 

Prominent among the farmers of Johnson county is the family of 
Paddacks, there being several different families of them ; they reside in 
the northwest corner of the county, about twelve miles from Indianap- 
olis, directly on the Waverly road. 

Jacob Paddack, of whom I write, was born in Preble county, Ohio, 
on the 8th of August, 1827. When a boy he came with his father's 



400 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



family to the neighborhood above spoken of. In 1848 he returned to 
Ohio and was married to Miss Martha Bell, and with her lived on the 
farm, now owned by the heirs, until the time of his death, which 
occurred on the 27th of January, 1872. His widow was married to Mr. 
William K. Fullen, he dying in November, 1875. Mrs. FuUen had 
three sons by her first husband and a daughter by her last, all living. 
She owns and cultivates one of the largest farms in that portion of 
White river valley. 

Her three sons, John Wesley, William Henry and Ebenezer, still 
live under the paternal roof Mrs. Fullen is a generous and hospitable 
lady, and much esteemed by her neighbors ; she is also a lady of taste 
as her handsome home indicates, as she has combined elegance with the 
useful. A charming place for a visit in the country, as the writer and 
family have experienced. 

MARTIN HUG. 

•Mr. Hug was born at Aechen Baden, Prussia, on the 30th of Novem- 
ber, 1821. He came to the United States in 1850. He was married on 
the 8th of March, 1855, to Miss Christina Lehrritter, of this city, a 
native of Bayern. He was engaged in the saloon and restaurant busi- 
ness, and was also engaged in a large wholesale liquor store, and did a 
lucrative business, in the meantime purchasing some fine city property, 
some of it being on Washington street near what was then known as 
the Capital House. 

In the spring of 1863 he returned to his native land in quest of health, 
and for the purpose of having the attendance and advice of skillful phy- 
sicians, he went to Waldshat Baden, six miles from his father's residence, 
where he arrived on the 14th of May, and there died at the hotel on 
the 4th of June ; by his request his remains were taken to the old 
homestead and buried by the side of his mother. By his m.arriage Mr. 
Hug had three children, all sons, two of whom were living when he 
left. The eldest, George Anthony, is bookkeeper in the tea store of H. 
H. Lee, West Washington street; the second son, Hugo Martin, is 
engaged in the office of Judge A. L. Roache, in the Franklin Fire Insur- 
ance building ; the third son, Martin Joseph, died when but two years 
old. Mr. Hug left his family well provided for, so that his estimable 
wife has been enabled to give her two sons a fair education, which pre- 
pared them for the responsible duties they are performing. 

During Mr. Hug's residence in Indianapolis he made many warm 



JOHN R WLAND, JUNIOR. 40 1 

personal friends, who remember his many fine traits of character and 
kindness of heart ; his purse-strings were loosened to relieve distress and 
want wherever found, and he is now well represented in that line by his 
wife, who is ever ready to contribute the "widow's fhite " for all charita- 
ble*and benevolent purposes. Mrs. Hug owns and lives in a fine resi- 
dence, in the fashionable part of the city, at No. 515 North Meridian 
street, and she is well known in the fashionable society of the city ; and 
her hospitable mansion is often filled with some of her innumerable 
friends, whom she entertains in style. 

JOHN KOEHLER. 

Mr. Koehler is one of the successful German citizens of 1876. He 
was born at Westphalia, Baden, Prussia, on the 13th of September, 
1835; came to the United States in 1857. O" the 19th of September, 
1858, he was married to Miss Catharina Weederoder, the daughter of a 
Clay county farmer. 

Mr. Koehler has been engaged in the retail grocery business, on'the 
southeast corner of Noble and Michigan streets, for several years. In 
1876 he tore down the frame building that stood there, and erected a 
fine business block, which he calls the "Noble Street Grocery." Mr. 
Koehler's great success in business is mainly owing to his cheerful and 
jovial disposition. He never suffers anything in business transactions ta 
disturb his even temper. He is always accommodating, and meets his 
many friends with a smile; indeed, his very appearance is indicative of 
humor, as well as of a good liver. He is quite a large, fleshy man. 

JOHN ROWLAND, JUNIOR. 

Among the many citizens of Indianapolis who hail from the Emerald 
Isle, will be found the gentleman named above. He was born at New- 
port, county of Mayo, Ireland, on the 8th of February, 1848, and when 
a boy came to the United States. 

On the 1st of January, 1866, Mr. Rowland engaged with Chandler 
& Taylor, of this city, to learn the trade of machinist. After learning 
the business and working at it some time, he abandoned it, and engaged 
in a family grocery on the southwest corner of Blake and New York 
streets, where he yet does business. He has been a member of the 
Emmet Guards, a military organization, since it first began to drill, and 
has been and is yet second lieutenant of that company. He is also pres- 



_402 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

ident of the Irish Delegate Assembly of this city, of which body he has 
been a member for six years. 

Mr. Rowland has a fine English education, is a great reader, and an 
admirer of the ancient poets, as well as of the works of Robert Burns, 
and is well versed in many of his writings as an elocutionist, particularly 
"Tam O'Shanter," which he renders in fine artistic style. 

" Weel mounted on his gray mare Meg — 
A better never lifted leg — 
Tam skelpit on thro' dub and mire, 
Despising wind and rain and fire." 

HENRY ALLEN. 

Mr. Allen was a native of the Emerald Isle, born in the county of 
Tyrone on the 31st of October, 1824. He came to Canada in 1831, 
when but seven years old. He remained in Canada until 1844, when 
he came to Cincinnati, where he remained until 185 1, when he went to 
Charleston, South Carolina, and thence to New Orleans. 

He came to Indianapolis in 1853, and engaged in the hvery busi- 
ness, for some time in the Palmer House stables. He then removed to 
his large stable in the rear of the New York store, on Pearl street, 
where he was doing business at the time of his death, on the 26th of 
October, 1876. 

Soon after his return from the south he was married in Cincinnati. 
During Mr. Allen's twenty-three years residence in Indianapolis, he 
made many personal friends. He was well and favorably known among 
the horsemen throughout the State, who have been in the habit of 
visiting the State fairs. The business is still conducted for the benefit 
of the family. 

JACOB HANCH. 

Mr. Hanch is a native of the Keystone State, born in old Lancaster, 
on the i6th of January, 1807, and there lived until seven years of age. 
He then went to Reading, and there learned the blacksmith trade, and 
resided there until 1838, at which time he removed to Marion county, 
Indiana, and purchased what was known as the Jesse Wright farm, five 
miles southwest of Indianapolis, on the Mooresville pike. In 1829 he 
was married to Miss Mary Fry, of Bucks county, in his native State, 
who is yet his helpmeet. 

Mr. Hanch was an original Whig, but when the Republican party 



GENERAL BENJAMIN HARRISON. 4OJ 

was formed, like many others who were members of that good old na- 
tional party, drifted into the Democratic ranks. 

Mr. Hanch's farm is a popular resort for picnic and fishing parties, 
where they always meet a hospitable reception. His farm is considered 
one of the most productive of the county — his corn crops of the present 
season averaging about sixty-five bushels to the acre. 

Mr. Hanch's brother-in-law, Mr. John Fry, who is well-known to 
the old citizens of the city, resides with Mr. Hanch. Mr. Hanch pro- 
bably read that chapter of advice from his parents, contentment and 
honest industry, and now in his old age is reaping the reward of his 
early labors. 

HENRY H. LANGENBERG 

Was born in Halle, Prussia, in 1827, and there remained until May, 
1847, when he came to the United States, and landed in New York. 
He remained in the latter city one year, and then removed to Michigan, 
where he remained until 1851. He afteward removed to Indianapohs 
and engaged in the grain, produce and grocery business on West Wash- 
ington street, where he was located for twenty years. He then built a 
fine business block on the corner of Meridian and Morris streets, where 
he is now engaged extensively in the wholesale and retail boot and shoe 
business. 

Mr. Langenberg was married in 1850, to Miss Minnie Linderman, 
of this city, by whom he has two children. 

Mr. Langenberg was the Democratic nominee for city treasurer in 
1873 and 187s, and at the first election he was defeated by only one 
hundred and thirty-three votes, when the city was largely Republican. 
This we take as an evidence of his great popularity with the masses of 
the people. His liberal and social qualities have rendered him a great 
favorite with the German population of the county, as well as of the city. 

GENERAL BENJAMIN HARRISON. 

General Harrison was born on the 20th day of August, 1833, at the 
house of his grandfather. President Harrison, at North Bend, Ohio. He 
received his earliest education at home, being instructed by a tutor em- 
ployed in the family. At the age of fourteen years he was sent to 
Gary's Academy, near Cincinnati, where he remained almost two years. 
24 



404 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



In the summer of 1850 he suffered the irreparable loss of his mother. 
In the fall of that year he proceeded to Miami University, at Oxford, 
then under the presidency of Rev. W. C. Anderson, where he entered 
as a junior and graduated in Jannary, 1852, fourth in a class of sixteen. 
After a few months vacation Mr. Harrison engaged in the study of law 
in the office of Storer & Grogrone, of Cincinnati, in which occupation he 
remained two years. 

In October, 1853, at the early age of twenty years, he united in mar- 
riage with Miss Carrie L. Scott, daughter of Rev. J. W. Scott, D. D.,. 
of Oxford. There is issue of this marriage two children, both living,. 
Russell B. and Carrie O. Harrison. In March, 1854, Mr. Harrison> 
settled in Indianapolis, with the small fortune of eight hundred dollars, 
inherited from the estate of a deceased aunt, Mrs. General Findly, of 
Cincinnati. In this city he first entered the office of John H. Rea, 
clerk of the District Court of the United States, and while engaged there 
was invited by Major Jonathan W. Gordon to assist in the prosecutioni 
of the celebrated Point Lookout burglary case, being pitted against 
Governor Wallace, who represented the defense. ' 

When the youthful lawyer sat down and Governor Wallace opened,, 
the latter placed his hand on the young man's head and paid him a. 
most graceful and merited compliment. Immediately afterward Mr. 
Harrison was invited by William Wallace to a partnership, and accepted 
the invitation. Their partnership relations were of a very pleasant 
nature to both parties, and they founded a very successful business. 

Shortly after entering this partnership Mr. Harrison was appointedi 
by Judge Major to prosecute a case against a negro for doctoring some 
coffee with arsenic at the Ray House. He had but one night for the 
preparation of his case, but with the timely assistance of Dr. T. Parvin 
he became by the next morning a pretty good toxicologist, having spent 
the best part of the night with the doctor in witnessing experiments for 
detecting arsenic in the coffee. In i860, Mr. Wallace having beeni 
elected clerk of Marion county, Mr. Harrison formed a partnership with 
Mr. W. P. Fishback, which union of interests continued until General 
Harrison entered the army. 

In the fall of i860 Mr. Harrison received his first and only political 
appointment, that of reporter of the Supreme Court of Indiana. Dur- 
ing his term of office he got out two volumes of reports, 15th and i6th^ 
and had nearly completed the 17th when he entered the military service. 
A notable event in connection with his political canvass was his joint 
meeting with Governor Hendricks at Rockville, Parke county, which 



GENERAL BENJAMIN HARRISON. 405 

was quite accidental, but in which the youthful and brilliant orator suc- 
ceeded in thoroughly defeating his wily opponent. That joint debate 
is still remembered by all who heard it, and by all to the credit of Gen- 
eral Harrison, who then proved himself more than the equal of the 
chosen leader of the Democratic party. 

In July, 1862, just after a repeated proclamation for troops was issued 
by President Lincoln, Mr. Harrison felt that the call was a personal 
appeal to his patriotism, and it occasioned a strong conflict within his 
breast as to what course he should take. He had just obtained a fair 
start in life ; he was the holder of a comfortable civil office, the husband 
of a young wife, and father of two little children, and the owner of a 
small cottage not more than half paid for. What should he do ? His 
course was decided by the following incident recorded in his own words : 

"I went one day to see Governor Morton with Mr. Wallace, to seek 
an appointment as lieutenant for a young man in the north part of the 
State. After getting through with this business Governor Morton 
invited me into an inner room. He there spoke of the call and of no 
response being made thereto. The Governor seemed quite discouraged 
at the apathy of the people, and, pointing over toward the Gallup 
block, where men were dressing stone, remarked that men were inter- 
ested more in their own business than in the safety of the nation. I 
said right there : 'Governor, if I can be of service to my country I am 
ready to go.' He said: 'You can; you can raise a regiment in this 
district.' He went on to say : 'You have a good office, and it would 
be too much to ask you to give it up ; but you get up the regiment and 
we can find some one else to take it to the field.' I said: 'No ; if I 
make a recruiting speech and ask any man to enlist, I propose to go 
with him and stay as long as he does if I live so long. ' 'Well, ' said 
the Governor, 'you can command the regiment.' I said: 'I don't 
know that I shall want to. I have no military experience ; we can see 
about that' " 

After this conversation Mr. Harrison proceeded up the street with 
Mr. Wallace, bought a military cap ; they got out handbills for a 
war meeting at Masonic Hall, hired a drum and fife and hung a flag 
out of his office window. Mr. Harrison took out a second lieutenant's 
recruiting commission, and raised and took the first company (A) of the 
70th regiment into camp, and in less than thirty days from the date of 
the first recruiting commission he was in Kentucky with one thousand 
and ten men. This was the first regiment in the field under that call. 

General Harrison continued in the army until 1865, when he was 



_4q6 sketches of prominent citizens. 

mustered out as a brigadier general. Meanwhile, in the fall of 1864, he 
was re-elected reporter of the Supreme Court, and was offered a place in 
the law firm of Porter & Fishback, which then took the name of Porter, 
Harrison & Fishback. Since that date General Harrison has been 
closely identified with the practice of the law, remaining with Mr. 
Porter and in company with Judge Hines, after Mr. Fishback assumed 
the editorship of the Journal, and afterwards becoming the head of the 
present firm of Harrison, Hines & Miller. 

General Harrison united with the Presbyterian church in Oxford, in 
the year 1850, and has been, ever since i860, an elder of the Third 
Presbyterian church of Indianapolis. 

The people of the State know and are proud of the military record 
and civil life and character of General Harrison. His career as a soldier 
is stainless ; his practice as a lawyer is extensive, brilliant and successful, 
and as a public speaker no one is more convincing and effective. By 
universal consent the Republicans of the State settled upon General Har- 
rison as their candidate for Governor in the centennial year, and when 
he absolutely declined prior to the convention in the spring there was 
universal regret. The nomination to the vacancy upon the State ticket 
was in obedience to an imperious call from the people of every section 
of the State, and was hailed by the Republican party with rejoicing. 
Although General Harrison was defeated, he made a vigorous canvass. 
The great popularity of the Democratic nominee could not be overcome ; 
indeed it was Governor Williams who saved the Democratic Presidential 
ticket from defeat in Indiana. 



JAMES L. FUGATE 

Was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, on the 28th of April, 1828, and there 
raised and educated. He was married to Miss Mary A. Love, of the 
same city, on the i6th of February, i860. Soon after his marriage he 
came to Indianapolis, and engaged as a clerk in the hardware store of 
Mr. Vajen, on West Washington street. After being with Mr. Vajen 
some time, in the capacity of a clerk, he purchased an interest. He 
then, in connection with Mr. Hildebrand, bought the entire stock, and 
they are now doing business under the name and style of Hildebrand 
& Fugate, on South Meridian street. This firm are doing as large, 
if not the largest, business in the hardware line of any similar establish- 
ment in the State; being gentlemanly and obliging in their business has 



COLONEL JAMES W. GRAY. ^0/ 

won them, both personally and in a business point of view, hosts of 
friends. 

Mr. Fugate has four living children — Flora A., Willis, Walter, and 
Fanny L. 

JONATHAN M. HACKER 

Was the first person who put up and run a steam engine in Indianapolis. 
He came here in the employ of Messrs. McCarty, Ray & Blake, and put 
up the engine in the old steam mill (situated where Geisendorff's mill 
now stands), in April, 1831. 

Mr. Hacker was born in Clarksburg, Virginia, in 1 804. He learned 
the blacksmith and machinist business in Cincinnati. After finishing 
these trades, he was employed as a steamboat engineer for some time, 
running between New Orleans and the "Queen City." 

In 1832 he was married to Miss Lucinda Van Blaricum, youngest 
daughter of the late John Van Blaricum. Mr. Hacker died on the i6th 
of August, 1838, leaving four children — John A., James V., Mary Ann, 
and Louisa — John A. and Louisa being twins. One of the daughters is 
the wife of George Coble, a well-known grocer, at the northwest corner 
of Washington and Mississippi streets. Mrs. Hacker is yet living, and 
makes her home with Mr. Coble. 

With Mr. Hacker the writer was well acquainted, and can speak 
from personal knowledge of his integrity, having had considerable busi- 
ness transactions with him. 

COLONEL JAMES W. GRAY. 

Colonel Gray was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the i8th 
day of May, 1834, and received an academic education in one of the 
institutions of his native city. After finishing his education he learned 
the business of building marine and locomotive engines, and followed 
his profession until April, 186 1, when he came west and assisted in 
organizing the 40th Indiana regiment at Vincennes, Knox county. 

In 1864 he came to Indianapolis and leased the Spencer House, 
situated on the northwest corner of Illinois and Louisiana streets, at 
the west end of the Union Depot ; he continued to keep this hotel until 
July, 1875. During the nine years he kept the Spencer House it was 
considered one of the best hotels in the city, and the proprietor a popu- 
lar and accommodating landlord. On New Year's day, 1874, he gave 
a free entertainment to the common council of the city. In 1874 he 



4o8 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

gave the widows and orphans of the fifth ward a dinner, at another 
time he gave the newsboys and bootblacks a dinner. Colonel Gray 
being a mechanich imself, his sympathies have ever been with the me- 
chanics and laboring classes. In 1874 when the journeyman printers 
struck and quit work in consequence of a reduction of their pay, he 
presented them with three car loads of coal to be distributed among 
such of them as had families. His many acts of disinterested benevo- 
lence speak more for him than can be expressed in language. Colonel 
Gray is a very large framed man, over six feet in height but not inclined 
to corpulency, of dark hair, eyes and complexion. 

CHARLES M. RASCHIG 

Was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1836. He came to Indianapolis and 
commenced the cigar and tobacco business at No. 1 1 East Washington 
street, and remained in the same location until the building was razed 
to make room for the Citizens' National Bank building. He then re- 
moved to West Washington street, and remained until the bank build- 
ing was completed, then returned to the old location in the new build- 
ing, remained there for nearly six years, and then removed to No. 2 1 
East Washington street, for the purpose of getting more room, where 
he still remains. 

Mr. Raschig is perhaps the largest dealer in fancy brands of cigars 
and tobacco in the city, and if outside indications are any criterion, is 
doing a fair business in the wholesale trade. He is a man of fine busi- 
ness qualifications, industrious habits, and is quite popular with his cus- 
tomers. 

GEORGE H. HEITKAM. 

Mr. Heitkam is well known as one of the most popular merchant 
tailors of the city. He was born in the northern part of Germany in 
April, 1837, 3nd there learned the tailoring business. 

In 1853 came to the United States, and in July of the same year 
came to Indianapolis, where he has been doing business since that time. 
He was for some time engaged in the manufacture and sale of ready 
made clothing with Mr. Kenney as a partner. He is now doing busi- 
ness on his own account at No. 13 West Washington street. 

In 1862 Mr. Heitkam was married to Miss B. W. Kindel, of this 
city. Mr. Heitkam certainly can not be excelled in the fine quality of 
the goods he deals in and the superb fit of his suits. 



WILLIAM ir. SMITH. 



CHRISTIAN KLINGENSMITH 



409 



Was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, and with his father's 
family came to Indiana in the spring of 1833, and settled in Pike town- 
ship, Marion county. Mr. Klingensmith being industrious and ener- 
getic, he soon accumulated enough money to purchase a small farm. 
He was then married to Miss Elizabeth Reveal, of Hamilton county. 
Some years since he sold his farm in Marion county and bought a large 
farm five miles south of Noblesville, in Delaware township, Hamilton 
county, where he was a successful farmer for several years before his 
•death, which occurred on the 23d of December, 1874. He leaves his 
wife and five children — William, Christian and Silas, Mrs. Lacy and 
Mrs. Davis. Mr. Klingensmith was a great reader and took a lively 
interest in politics. He was a Democrat at the time he cast his first 
vote for Van Buren and during the remainder of his entire life. 

He was a hospitable and generous man ; kind and devoted to his 
family and friends. He left his family in comfortable circumstances. 

WILLIAM W. SMITH 

Was born in the town of Westville, Franklin county. New York, on the 
2d of June, 1822. His parents were natives of Massachusetts; his 
father died at the age of eighty-seven, his mother one hundred years. 

The life of the son has been a checkered one ; he left his home at 
the age of twenty years, since which time he has endured many trials 
and afflictions. His business for several years was that of railroading, 
having engaged in it about the time of the railroad war at Erie, Penn- 
sylvania. When the war of the rebellion broke out he r/as among the 
first to help fill up the ranks and march to the field. He was first ap- 
pointed sergeant of the company and then promoted to colonel, which 
position he held until the close of the war. 

His long experience in railroading has been the means of his adding 
many valuable improvements, which will be long remembered after he 
has passed away. He came to Indianapolis in 1858, and I understand 
was considered one of the best railroad men in the city. In conse- 
•quence.of having lost an eye, he thought it prudent to retire from the 
business. He is now engaged in the insurance business, representing 
several solid companies, among them the Franklin (fire) of this city. 
Mr. Smith is a man of great energy and perseverence, and whatsoever 
his hands findeth to do he does with all his might. He owns some val- 
uable property and resides on West South street. 



4IO SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

WILLIAM MEYER 

Is a native of Hanover, Germany, born on the 8th of August, 1830; 
he came to the United States, landing in New Orleans in 1848; from the 
latter city he went to Cincinnati and there lived seven years, thence tO' 
Indianapolis in 1855. He has been doing an extensive grocery and 
produce business for eight years at the northwest corner of Meridian 
and Ray streets, a portion of the time as a partner of Mr. Hermann 
Altmann. 

Mr. Meyer is well known to the farming community in the southern 
part of Marion and northern portion of Johnson counties, with whom., 
he does a large business. He was married some years since to Miss. 
Louisa Steinkuhler of this city. 

CYRUS T. NIXON 

Was born in Salem, Washington county, Indiana, on the 24th of Decem- 
ber, 1831. He was educated in the common private schools, in Charles- 
town, Clarke county, where he studied law, but became a farmer. He 
was elected to the State Senate from Clarke county in 1857. In 1859. 
he was the Democratic nominee for clerk of Clarke county. Since the 
war Mr. Nixon has been a Republican, and was a Presidential elector 
from the Second Congressional District in 1872. He was elected prin- 
cipal clerk of the House of Representatives at the sessions of i865>. 
1867, 1870, 1 87 1 and 1877. He served two years as assistant asses- 
sor of internal revenue. He came to Indianapolis in 1872, andi 
engaged in the real estate business in 1873, and has been actively at 
work therein since that time. For two years past he has been secre- 
tary of the Manufacturers' and Real Estate Exchange. Mr. Nixon was- 
married to Miss Emily M. Beeler, of New Albany, Indiana, on the 
15th of November, 1866. Mr. Nixon is nephew of the first wife ofT 
Governor Jonathan Jennings. 

GEORGE LOWE. 

Mr. Lowe was born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, on the 1st of 
November, 1823, and was there educated and remained until he was. 
sixteen years old. He then went to Cumberland, Maryland, and took 
charge of the bookstore of Stewart & McGuire. Two years subsequent 
he engaged to learn the carriage making business at Chambersburg, in. 



GEORGE LOWE. 41 1 

his native State. His grandfather wished him to study a profession, but 
he thought he saw more money in the vocation of a mechanic. 

After he had finished his trade he engaged with Buck & Morgan as 
a clerk in their wholesale dry goods house on Market street, Philadel- 
phia, where he continued until the spring of 1845, when he came west, 
and for ten months was a clerk in Cincinnati, which was long enough, 
however, for him to select a wife in the person of Miss Mary W. Wright. 

In the spring of 1846, with his new wife, he came to Indianapolis 
by the only old traditional mud wagon, the only public ingress to the 
village at that time. Mr. Lowe brought with him a letter of introduc- 
tion to the late Calvin Fletcher ; on presenting his letter Mr. Fletcher 
wanted to know if he came to live by speculation or labor; on being 
answered the latter, Mr. Fletcher remarked "that he was glad of it, 
that we already had too many who wished to live without work." Mr. 
Lowe took encouragement from what Mr. Fletcher said and sought work 
immediately. 

He worked in an establishment on Delaware street for some time, 
until he found he would never get the pay for his labor, and then en- 
gaged with the late Frederick Foltz, whose shop was on the southeast 
corner of Pennsylvania and Market streets ; with the latter he worked 
three years, averaging about eighty-seven and a half cents per day. In 
1849 he commenced business on his own account on New Jersey street. 
Mr. Lowe tells me the first few years after commencing business he had 
great difficulties to encounter ; at one time he had to trade a hog that 
would weigh three hundred pounds for a stove not worth as many cents, 
but such was his situation he must make the trade in order to have a 
fire in his shop. How changed are the times as well as Mr. Lowe's 
circumstances. He has now an establishment, Nos. 71 and 73 West 
Market street, where .he puts up some of the finest carriages in the 
west; this establishment cost him about thirty thousand dollars. In 
1872 he sold and shipped a buggy to Lowell, Massachusetts, for B. F. 
Butler; in 1872 he shipped a fine carriage to E. N. Gibbs, of Norwich, 
Connecticut. 

I was shown a gold medal (weighing fifty dollars) he received from 
the Real Estate Exchange of Indianapolis, for the best display of carri- 
ages at the State Exposition of 1874, also one from the State Board of 
Agriculture at the same time. Mr. Lowe also has silver medals, several 
in number, he has received at different times as testimonials of his 
superior work. I doubt if there is any mechanic or artisan in the west 
that has received such testimony of his superior skill. 



412 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



He has three children living, two sons and a daughter ; his sons are 
unmarried and live under the paternal roof ; the daughter is the wife of 
Caleb S. Denney, a well known attorney of the city. 

Mr. Lowe has accomplished much by patience, industry and perse- 
verance, and overcome obstacles that would have discouraged many 
persons with a less determined mind. He now lives to enjoy the fruits of 
a well spent life, with the entire confidence of his neighbors and friends, 
some of whom have known him for thirty years or more. 

ADOLPHUS ABROMET 

Was born in eastern Prussia on the 30th of June, 1830. He came to 
the United States in the fall of 1856, and resided in different southern 
■cities, and in Havana, Cuba. In the fall of 1858, he was married to 
Miss Eliza Flynn, of Manchester, England. He came to Indianapolis 
in 1 861, and was engaged in the United States arsenal as clerk for 
some time during the rebellion. He then engaged as clerk in the 
^tna Fire Insurance office. On the retirement of Mr. William Hen- 
derson he became the general agent at this point. Mr. Abromet's fine 
business qualifications, together with his kind, genial, and accommodat- 
ing disposition, have done much for that old reliable company, and have 
won for himself a host of personal friends in the city of his adoption. 
He is a large man, fair complexion, with a voice that imparts to the 
Prussian accent a musical and winning charm. Such is Adolphus 
Abromet, the agent of the ^tna Fire Insurance Company for 1876. 
Mr. Abromet served in the same regiment in the Prussian army, and 
was a friend and personal acquaintance of Baron Von Humboldt. 

THOMAS J. BARLOW- 

Was born in Ireland, on the 24th day of August, 1844, and came to the 
United States in 1848, landing in New Orleans, Louisiana, where he 
remained but a few months, thence he came to Madison, Indiana, where 
he remained until October, 1856. He then came to Indianapolis, 
where he has since made his home. His education is limited, what lit- 
tle schooling he received being taught him while he resided in Madison ; 
the balance of his education he acquired through his own industry and 
perseverance while engaged in different branches of business since 1859. 
He engaged with John Ott, then the leading furniture manufacturer in 
the State, to learn the business of wood carver. In the course of time 



fOHN BR UGH. 4 j 3 

he discontinued that branch of the business, and became salesman in 
the store for some time, after which he was engaged in the State arsenal 
under General Sturm, until August, 1862, when he enlisted in the 99th 
regiment Indiana volunteers. Colonel Alexander Fowler, and was as- 
signed to the western army. He was with Sherman's army from Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, to Jackson, Mississippi, Vicksburg, Lookout Mountain, 
Kennesaw, Atlanta, and down to the sea ; was commissioned a lieuten- 
ant, and was assigned as A. D. P. to Major General N. B. Hazen, of 
Ohio, commanding the 2d division 15th army corps. He went through 
with Sherman from the sea to Washington City, passing through North 
and South Carolina. In June, 1865, he was mustered out of service, 
and returned to Indianapolis and engaged in the liquor business for a 
short time, but becoming tired of the business he became connected 
with the postoffice, then under the management of D. Garland Rose as 
postmaster. In 1868 he retired from the postoffice, and was married to 
Miss Harriet Carpenter, of Binghamton, New York, after which he 
again embarked in the liquor business and continued until 1876, when 
he sold out for the purpose of studying law. 

There are but few people of this city who have not heard of or know 
Tom Barlow, and all would join in awarding him the credit of being a 
liberal, kind, and obliging gentleman. 

JOHN BROUGH. 

Mr. Brough was born in Lancaster, Fairfield county, Ohio, on the 
nth of April, 1836. His father at that time was editor of the Ohio 
Eagle. In 1840 his father was elected auditor of Ohio and removed to 
Columbus. His official term expired in 1844, at which time he removed 
to Cincinnati, and became associated with his brother, Charles Brough, 
in the publication of the Cincinnati Enquirer. In 1848 he removed to 
Madison, Indiana, having been elected president of the Madison and 
Indianapolis railroad. In 1855 he removed to Indianapolis, at which 
time he took charge of the Bellefontaine railroad. 

John's primary education was acquired in the public schools and at 
St. Xavier college. After the removal of his father to Madison and 
then to this city, John attended a term each at Hanover and Asbury 
colleges, this Stale, and at College Hill, Ohio. His education at these 
places was more mathematical than classical. In 1849 ^^ took French 
leave of home and made a voyage before the mast in a ship from New 
York to Shanghai, China, and return, the voyage lasting ten months. 



414 



SKEl CHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



His experience on this trip he considers the best part of his education. 
After this he was engaged on railroads for a number of years, begin- 
ning as a train boy. In 1855, while acting as baggage master, he was 
seriously hurt by a train accident on the Bellefontaine line. This event 
cooled his ambition for a life on the rail, and he engaged as a tally clerk 
in the Bellefontaine freight depot in this city. 

He gradually received promotion, and at the time he severed his 
connection with the road and railroading, he held the position of freight 
receiving clerk, clerk of machine shops, assistant auditor, and purchasing 
agent for the road. He began newspaper life during the fall campaign 
of 1868, reporting political meetings for the Sentinel until 1874, when 
he joined what was called the Indiana Colony, and went to St. Louis 
and had three weeks experience on the Times. He then returned to 
Indianapolis and was engaged on the Journal staff as telegraph editor, 
from which position he took the city editorship of the Union. After 
the demise of the Union, he became city editor of Bigham's Globe, and 
was with it at its death, and says that he mourns the death of both 
papers one hundred and fifty dollars unpaid salary. In September, 
1875, he became connected with the People as advertising agent, which 
position he still holds. About four years since, by reason of violent 
exercise, he acquired what is called locomotor atascy, a species of par- 
alysis, progressive and incurable. This disease for the past two years 
has left him unable to perform the more active duties of newspaper life 
than those in which he is now engaged. Mr. Brough was married in 
May, 1857, to Miss Sarah E., daughter of Isaac H. Taylor, Esq., of 
Madison. They have had five children, three of whom are living, a 
boy and two girls. The eldest daughter is the wife of Joseph W. Bing- 
ham, a well-known newspaper man of this city. Mr. Brough is con- 
sidered one of the best newspaper men in the city. The truth of this 
is attested by the fact that he is always engaged on some one of the 
city papers. 

AUSTIN H. BROWN 

Was born on the 19th of March, 1828, at Milroy, Rush county, Indi- 
ana. His father, William J. Brown, and mother (formerly Miss Susan 
Tompkins) soon afterwards removed to Rushville. Here Austin received 
a limited education, sometimes attending school a few months in town 
and sometimes going to a school two miles in the country ; removing 
with his father to Indianapolis, January, i, 1837 I h^ "Oc^^w went to school 
under the tutorship respectively of Josephus Cicero Worrall, Heman H. 



A USTIN H. BR WN. 4 1 7 

Barlow, Jacob S. Kemper, a Mr. Tuffts, John Wheeler and Alexander 
Jameson. When not in school he worked as roller boy (printer's devil) 
and carrier in the office of the Indiana Democrat, The Mechanic and 
the Indiana State Sentinel. In the fall of 1844 he went to Indiana 
Asbury University, at Greencastle, remaining there until February, 
1845, when he was summoned to Washington City to take a clerkship 
in the auditor's office of the treasury for the Post Office Department, 
under the administration of President Polk (at that time he was but 
seventeen years old), serving in that position and as assistant chief clerk 
of the same bureau until May, i, 1850, when he returned to Indiana- 
polis. Having purchased of the Messrs. Chapman the Indiana State 
Sentinel, he assumed the control of that paper and the management of 
a large book and job printing office ; was elected printer to the consti- 
tutional convention in 1850, and subsequently State printer. In March, 
1855, he sold out the establishment and paper to Colonel John C. 
Walker and retired from business. During his connection with the 
Sentinel it was a model for typography, and the paper which had before 
been only a semi-weekly was permanently established as a daily, but at 
great pecuniary loss to the proprietor. He was assisted in the editorial 
department by his father, Nathaniel Bolton, Alexander F. Morrison, 
Oliver B. Torbet, John W. Duzan and Charles Nordhoff. 

Having but little else to do, he put in his time in the spring of 1855 
in managing the Atheneum Theater, at the corner of Meridian and 
Maryland streets, in connection with John M. Commons. In the fall of 
that year he was elected auditor of Marion county, on the Democratic 
ticket, by over one thousand majority. In this office he served the peo- 
ple four years, retiring November, i, 1859. 

Mr. Valentine Butsch having erected the Metropolitan Theater in 
1858, and having been a loser by the failure of the first lessee, he em- 
ployed Mr. Brown to superintend the letting of the same, which he did 
for one year, and then Mr. Butsch opened it as a regular theater, with 
Mr. Brown as his treasurer and acting manager, which position he held 
until May, 1861, when he entered the office of the Adjutant General of 
Indiana, as an assistant to General Laz. Noble. Here he continued until 
September, 1866, except that he left the office for a year and a half in 
1862 and 1863, to take a position on the Daily Journal as local editor. 

On the 1st of September, 1866, having been appointed collector of 
internal revenue for the Indianapolis district, by President Johnson, he 
entered on the discharge of the duties of that responsible position, and 
continued in office until removed by General Grant, May i, 1869. 



4i5 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



The same year he took charge of the Capital Tobacco Works, first 
as receiver and afterwards as part owner with Captain Thomas Madden, 
to whom he sold out during the following year. On the 1st of Febru- 
ary, 1870, Mr. Brown accepted the position of cashier in the banking 
house of Woollen, Webb & Co., and continued in that bank until June, 
1873, when he left to engage in the business of an insurance agency, in 
partnership with William W. Caldwell. This business was continued 
for two years, during which time Mr. Brown was elected clerk of Marion 
county, the duties of which office he assumed October 25, 1874, and 
which position he now holds. 

In addition to holding the several offices and carrying on the differ- 
ent kinds of business before named, Mr. Brown served the public in 
other ways. In 1861 he was elected councilman from the Sixth ward, 
and continued in that position, with the exception of one year, until 
May, 1875. While serving as a " city father" he held the chairmanship 
of the committ^s on streets and alleys and finance, and president of the 
boards of public improvements and police. Upon the reorganization of 
the school board, under a law applicable to Indianapolis only, he was 
elected a member of the same from the Sixth district, in 1871, and 
twice re-elected, in 1872 and 1875, and while serving in this position has 
held the chairmanships respectively of the committees on appointment 
of teachers, high school, and public library. 

On the 17th of December, 185 1, Mr. Brown was married to Marga- 
ret, eldest daughter of the late Colonel A. W. Ru.ssell, who was the 
second sheriff of Marion county, and one of the pioneers of the New 
Purchase. 

I remember Mr. Brown from his earliest boyhood ; he was ever ac- 
tive and energetic, and, like his father, is considered one of the most 
skillful politicians of the city, and a sound, reliable business man. 

RYLAND T. BROWN, A. M., M. D., 

Was born in Lewis county, Kentucky, on the 5th day of October, 1807, 
but removed with his parents to Clermont county, Ohio, in 1808. He 
received a common school education, chiefly under the 'tuition of a 
Yankee teacher from Maine. In the spring of 1821 he came to the 
almost unbroken wilderness of Indiana, his parents locating in the south- 
eastern part of Rush county. In 1825 he had the misfortune to lose 
his father by death, which event devolved on him the labor of com- 
pleting and managing the farm, already well-advanced by his father. 



RYLAND T. BROWN, A. M., M. D.., 



419 



In the winter of 1826 he commenced the study of medicine, the pri- 
mary course of which he completed at the Ohio Medical College in the 
spring of 1829. In 1832 he entered the practice of his profession in 
Connersville, Indiana, having in the fall of 1829 married Miss Mary 
Reeder, of Rush county. With the practice of his profession in Con- 
nersville, he prosecuted literary studies to supply the defect of his early 
education, and began an earnest study of the physical sciences, espe- 
cially chemistry and geology. In 1844 he changed his location to Craw- 
fordsville, where that excellent institution of learning, Wabash College, 
gave him better opportunities to prosecute both his literary and scien- 
tific studies. Entering his profession in this new field, he soon con- 
trolled a heavy practice, but he did not suffer this to interrupt his course 
of study. In 1850 he received from Wabash College the honorary 
degree of Master of Arts, and in 1854 was appointed State Geologist 
by Governor Joseph A. Wright, in which field his labors were termi- 
nated af the end of one year by the Legislature failing to make the 
necessary appropriations to carry on the work. In June, 1858, he was 
tendered the chair of Natural Science in the Northwestern Christian 
University, at Indianapolis, which position he accepted and removed 
his residence to the city. He held this position till 1871, and in the 
last two years of that period he did double duty, filling the chair of 
chemistry in the Indiana Medical College. In 1872 he received the 
appointment of chemist-in-chief in the Department of Agriculture at 
Washington, which position he resigned in 1873, in consequence of 
impaired health. Returning to Indianapolis, he served the city as gas 
inspector in 1873-4, in which last year he accepted the chair of Physi- 
ology in the Indiana Medical College, which he occupies at present. 
In 1 87 1 he prepared for publication an elementary work on physiology 
and hygiene, which is now extensively used in common schools and 
academies. In 1876, at the Centennial Exhibition, he served as presi- 
dent of the fourth group of judges having in charge the examination of 
"animal and vegetable substances used for food." He is a man of 
active habits, devoted more to the study of nature and men than of 
books. He is an earnest life-long advocate of temperance, and from 
early life has "been a believer and teacher of the Christianity of the 
Bible. In 1865 he met with a sad bereavement in the loss of his wife. 
In the autumn of 1866 he married Mrs. Nannie Tomlinson, of Shelby 
county, Indiana, with whom he now resides in Indianapolis. 



420 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



GOVERNOR THOMAS A. HENDRICKS. 



Mr. Hendricks was the thirteenth governor elect of Indiana. He 
was born on the 7th of September, 1819, in Muskingum county, Ohio, 
and is consequently just past the age of fifty-eight years. When he 
was but three years old his father emigrated to Indiana, and settled near 
Shelbyville, Shelby county, where the subject of this sketch received a 
primary education. He was then sent to South Hanover college, Jef- 
ferson county, where he graduated at the age of twenty-two. In 1843 
•completed his legal studies at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania; and re- 
turned to Indiana and commenced the practice of law. In 1848 he 
was elected to represent Shelby county in the State Legislature, and 
■declined a re-election. In 1850 he was an active and industrious mem- 
ber of the convention to amend and revise the constitution of the State. 
In 1 85 1 he was elected to represent the Capital District in Congress, 
where he made quite a national record. After serving in Congress un- 
til 1855 he was appointed by President Pierce, and retained by President 
Buchanan commissioner of the general land office. 

In i860 he was the nominee of the Douglas Democrats for Gover- 
nor of Indiana, and defeated by the Hon. Henry S. Lane, of Montgom- 
ery county. In 1863 he was elected to the United State Senate to fill 
the place of the late Jesse D. Bright. In 1868 he was again a candidate 
for Governor and defeated by Governor Conrad Baker. His term of 
■service having expired in the United States Senate, he resumed the 
practice of law in connection with his former partner, Mr. Hord, and 
A. H. Hendricks, the Governor's cousin. 

In the convention that met in New York in 1868 he was supported 
for the nomination for President. In 1872 he was again put in nomina- 
tion by the Democracy and elected Governor of Indiana, defeating Gen- 
eral Thomas M. Browne, one of the ablest lawyers and politicians of the 
Republican party. This position he held until January, 1877. In the 
meantime his claims were urged before the St. Louis convention that 
met in 1876 for the Presidency, and for some days it was a matter of 
doubt which would receive the nomination, he or Governor Samuel J. 
Tilden, Gove:nor of New York. It finally fell upon Mr. Tilden, Gov- 
ernor Hendricks receiving the nomination for Vice President. This he 
took under advisement, and did not accept for several days after the 
convention had adjourned, and then only at the earnest solicitation of 
Jiis many personal and political friends. 

Since Governor Hendricks' retirement from the Gubernatorial chair 



HERMANN ALTAIAN. 



421 



he has made a visit to California. During the present summer, with 
his wife and a lady friend, they have visited Europe, where they are at 
this writing. 

To say that Governor Hendricks has been a successful politician 
would only reiterate what I have already said in this sketch of the many 
positions he has held. But his highest and cherished ambition has not 
been gratified. He is, no doubt, looking, and so are his friends, to the 
action of the Democratic convention that will probably meet in 1880, 
to have their fondest hopes consummated. 

Governor Hendricks is a very affable and pleasant man, a sound 
lawyer, an eloquent speaker, a ready debater, and, in political matters, 
weighs well the effect any movement of his may have before he takes 
€ven an initiatory step. He is a careful politician, and generally knows 
what he is doing. 

Governor Hendricks has no family except his wife, and is possessed 
•of quite a large fortune. 

DOCTOR HENRY PLOWMAN. 

Doctor Plowman is a native of the city of London, England. His 
father was a nobleman and his uncle a magistrate. The doctor has been 
a resident of Indianapolis since 1868, and is well known in the part of the 
•city in which he resides, on Tinker street. He has acquired fine abili- 
ties, speaks the French, German, Italian and Spanish languages fluently. 
He is a great admirer of fine horses, and is generally found in possession 
of them. In 1876 he, with his wife, returned to his native country on 
a visit. 

He is a large, portly man, just in the prime of life, and of a cheerful 
disposition, disposed to take the world as he finds it. "May his shadow 
never grow less." 

HERMANN ALTMAN 

Was born in Hanover, Germany, on the 22d of February, 1835. ^^ 
came to the United States and landed in 1853. He lived some time in 
Toledo, Ohio, then in St. Louis, and came to Indianapolis in 1859. Was 
engaged in the grain, produce and grocery business seven years on the 
northwest corner of Meridian and Ray streets. He then built a large 

25 



422 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



Store and warehouse on the northwest corner of Meridian and Kansas 
streets, where he is now engaged in the same business. 

He was married in 1859 to Miss Minnie Langenburg, of St. Louis^ 
by whom he has two children. 

Mr. Altman is a fine specimen of the Hberal and industrious portion- 
of our German population. He never knew but one mode of hfe, and. 
that to toil faithfully for an honest living. 

EDWARD T. JOHNSON. 

Mr. Johnson was born in Lexington, Kentucky, on the 7th of June,. 
1842; received a primary education at Wilbur's academy, Frankfort,. 
Kentucky, and finished his education at the Hartsville University, In- 
diana. 

In 1861 Mr. Johnson enlisted as a private in Company A, i6th 
Indiana regiment. The last year of the war he served as adjutant of 
the 140th regiment Indiana volunteers. On the 7th of June, 1865, he 
came to Indianapolis, and commenced the practice of law, and has pur- 
sued his profession since that time. He was a member of the House 
of Representatives from Marion county in the session of 1873. Mr. 
Johnson is not without a literary record. He is the author of the Her- 
ald's review of General Lew Wallace's work "Fair God." 

He was married to Miss Marietta Griffith, daughter of Dr. Edward 
Griffith, of Louisville, Kentucky, on the 8th of May, 1866. 

Mr. Johnson stands very high as a lawyer at the Indianapolis bar, 
where perhaps the most of the legal talent of the State often congregate.. 



JAMES M. HUFFER. 

Mr. Huffer is a native of the Buckeye State ; born on Mad river,. 
Greene county, February 7, 1826. When he was one year old his pa- 
rents moved to Fountain county, Indiana, and he there lived until 1843, 
at which time he returned to Ohio, and learned the saddle and harness- 
making business in Dayton. In 1843, he was married to Miss Caroline 
M. Landis, of the latter place. In i860 he removed to this city, where 
he still resides. 

Mr. Huffer, in 1865, was a contractor, and improved several streets- 
in the southeast part of the city. He built himself a handsome residence 
on Fletcher avenue, where he now resides, also several other buildings 



rOSEPH M. TILFORD. 423 

in his immediate neighborhood. Lilce most other persons, he has had 
misfortunes and reverses in business, but never despaired, but was al- 
ways ready to " piclc his flint and try it again." 

Mrs. Huffer is an active worker in the interest of the Ladies' ReHef 
Society, and seems to not forget that "we have the poor always with 
us," and is always ready to help them when in her power, or as oc- 
casion requires. She has five children — two sons and three daugh- 
ters. One son and also one daughter are married. Mr. Huffer is for- 
tunate in having a wife who, when he is overtaken by the trials and ills 
of life, can always comfort and cheer him on his way. 

ANDREW TURNER 

Was born in Union county, Indiana, on the 3d of December, 1828, and 
with his father's family removed to Clay county, in 1837. At the time 
the Turners settled at the latter place the howl of the wolf could be 
heard nightly in the vicinity of their cabin. At the age of sixteen 
young Turner was thrown upon his own resources for a living and edu- 
cation ; the facilities at that time for obtaining the latter were very lim- 
ited and confined to the old-fashioned log school-house, so common in 
Indiana at that day. These houses were erected with an eye to econ- 
omy, greased paper was used for glass. Webster's spelling book was 
the principal school book; occasionally Murray's grammar and Wood- 
bridge's geography were introduced. 

In 1 85 1 Mr. Turner was married to Miss Starlin Peyton, daughter 
of Wesley Peyton, of Owen county. From that time until March, 
1863, he worked at the carpenter trade and farmed. At the latter date 
he took up his residence in Indianapolis. For the last few years, and at 
the present time, he has been a successful dealer in cigars and tobacco. 

JOSEPH M. TILFORD. 

Mr. Tilford was born in Scott county, Kentucky, on the nth of Feb- 
ruary, 181 1. In 1 8 16 his parents removed to Jefferson county, Indiana, 
and settled on a farm three miles west of South Hanover. Having re- 
ceived what was considered a common school education, in 1827 his 
father placed him in charge of the Rev. Mr. Crow, at the opening ses- 
sion of Hanover College, which was kept in the president's resi- 
dence. The institution was opened with Noble Butler, David Smock, 
Samuel and James Latimore and Mr. Tilford and a few others as students. 



424 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



At the close of one year Mr. Tilford concluded to learn the cabinet- 
making business and served three years with Captain J. G. Henderson, 
of Salem, Washington county. In 1832 he commenced the cabinet bus- 
iness in Madison, Indiana, and there continued until the fall of 1850, 
then removed to a farm three miles west of Hanover, where he remained 
until the fall of 1853 and then removed to Indianapolis. 

In 1854, in connection with Ovid Butler and J. M. Mathes bought 
the Indianapolis Journal from John D. Defrees, for which they paid 
twenty thousand dollars, and formed a joint-stock company called The 
Indianapolis Journal Company. The Free Democrat was merged into 
the corporation. In 1856 Mr. Tilford was elected president of the com- 
pany and remained as such until 1864, when the company sold the 
Journal to W. R. Holloway for thirty thousand dollars, reserving the 
real estate, valued at thirty thousand dollars. Since that time Mr. 
Tilford has been engaged in the Indianapolis Publishing House. In 
1833 and while living in Madison, he was married to Miss Mary A., 
daughter of Samuel C. Maxwell, of Jefferson county. To them were 
born. eight children, six of whom are still living: four daughters, Eliza 
E., Emma J., Julia V. and Alice T.; two sons, John H., a practicing 
physician at Irvington and Samuel E., now in the Indianapolis Pub- 
lishing House, where this work was printed. 

ALEXANDER C. CARR. 

Mr. Carr is one of the prosperous farmers of Warren township, liv- 
ing nine miles east of the city on the Rushville State road. He was 
born in Hamilton county, Ohio, on the 3d of May, 1808. When he 
was but nine months old his parents removed to Union county, Indiana, 
where he remained until 183 1, when he came to his present residence. ■ 

His first wife was Miss Sarah Williams ; after her death he married 
Miss Mary Sample, of Hancock county ; he has ten children living. 

During the rebellion Mr. Carr was a strong Union man, and acted 
with the Republican party, although he had been a thorough and un- 
compromising Democrat up to that time. Although verging on the 
time generally allotted to man, three score and ten years, he is quite 
active, and may be seen upon the streets of the city nearly every week. 
Mr. Carr has often been selected to serve on juries, both grand and 
petit, and is generally governed by his own convictions of the law and 
evidence, without regard to the opinions of others. 



ROSWELL RANDALL ROUSE. 425 

THOMAS SURBER. 

Mr. Surber was born in Union county, Indiana, about four miles 
from Liberty, on the nth of April, 1831. At the age of four years 
removed with the family to Morril township, Shelby county. It 1846 
removed to Marion county and settled two miles north of the city on 
Fall creek, near the Michigan road. In 1849 ^^s married to Miss 
Francis E. Moore, by whom he has seven children, six daughters and 
one son, one of the former being married. In 1854 he removed to 
Keokuk, Iowa, and there farmed for ten years, and then returned to 
Marion county, and for two years farmed on the Scofield farm north of 
the city. He then engaged in the dairy business on the old Jerry John- 
son farm. In 1874 he purchased ten lots in S. K. Fletcher's South 
Brookside addition, and erected a dwelling and dairy buildings, where 
he is now engaged in the business. On the 19th of November, 1876, 
he lost his wife. Mr. Surber is one of the nearest neighbors of the 
writer, and I have found him a neighbor in the true sense of the term ; 
always pleasant and accommodating, with a family equally so. Such 
neighbors are so scarce that they should always have a remembrance. 

ROSWELL RANDALL ROUSE. 

Mr. Rouse is a native of the Empire State ; born in Otsego county, 
on the 28th of September, 1838. His parents were of English and 
Scotch descent, although they were born in New York. The mother 
of Mr. Rouse died when he was but five years old, since which time he 
has been a waif in the wide world. His father married again, and 
moved to Philadelphia, where he now resides, and is engaged in the 
manufacture of edge tools. His work took the first premium at the 
world's fair, New York, a few years since. The old gentleman is now 
seventy years of age, and is yet an active, energetic business man. 

R. R. Rouse tells me he has always worked for a living, beginning, 
as it were, an orphan, without means, and with but a limited education ; 
he has not had a day's schooling since he was ten years old, save that 
which is acquired by the daily conflicts of life. He acted in the capacity 
of store boy and clerk ; has traveled extensively through the eastern, 
western, southern and middle States. During the rebellion he was cap- 
tain of a steamer plying on the Mississippi, White and Arkansas rivers. 
Indeed, since his seventeenth year he has been a busy and active trader 
and operator in whatever business presented itself. 



426 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



He was married in Clinton, New York, to Miss Helen M. Robinson. 
He became a citizen of Indianapolis in 1869, as agent for N. W. Green's 
patent for the American driven well, but owing to various reasons, over 
which he had no control, his mission proved unsuccessful. 

Being by nature of a mechanical turn of mind, he set about to rem- 
edy the defects in this well. After spending years of labor and its hard 
earnings, he was finally rewarded by success, and has now an apparatus 
for obtaining water from the dark regions of the earth that stands unri- 
valed in all the tests that have been made. From his single labor in 
driven wells since he came to Indianapolis his business has grown until 
he now employs thirty horses and as many men constantly in the busi- 
ness. 

Mr. Rouse possesses a great deal of the true Yankee pluck and 
enterprise which never fails to meet the reward so fully due ; indeed, 
with such men " there is no such word as fail," for they triumph over 
obstacles that would seem to thwart human possibility. I take great 
pleasure in recording biographies of such men. It certainly is an incen- 
tive to other poor young men to go and do likewise. Mr. Rouse's very 
appearance is indicative of enterprise and industry. 

EDWARD T. SINKER. 

I can not give the reader a better appreciation of the life of Mr. 
Sinker, and the many fine qualities that marked him as a man and a 
Christian in every sense of the term, than by giving an extract from the 
remarks of the Rev. N. A. Hyde, at his funeral on the 9th of April, 
1 87 1. The obsequies were characterized throughout by the most solemn 
and impressive ceremonies, and were conducted by several distinguished 
clergymen of the city. After a most eloquent discourse by the Rev. J. 
L. Bennett, Mr. Hyde gave a brief sketch of the deceased's life: 

"Edward T. Sinker was born at Ranavon, Wales, on the 22d of 
December, 1820. He was the only son, and left his aged parents and 
seven sisters in his native land. He belonged to and was ever proud to 
be ranked as a working man. When a boy, but eleven years of age, 
he went to work in a large shop at Howarden, Wales, and there learned 
the trade of a machinist. There he continued several years, acquiring 
the skill and practical knowledge that prepared him for the large opera- 
tions which he has conducted in this country. 

"After learning his trade Mr. Sinker labored at different points in 
Wales and England, always holding some position of trust. At Liver- 




Lbroair iTtijuii fr^araph 



^ . J,j£c'^,T^\ 



EDWARD T. S/NKEK. 



429 



pool he superintended the iron works in the construction of steamers. 
His skill and integrity were such that the government desired him to 
go to Portugal to take charge of the repairs of government vessels in 
the ports of that country. He labored two years as foreman on that 
wonder of engineering and mechanics, the iron bridge over the Straits 
of Menai. While engaged on this work there was a necessity for reduc- 
ing the force of laborers. With characteristic generosity he left his 
place for others who had larger families and greater need than himself. 
It was at this time that he turned his thoughts to this country as his 
future home ; he loved our free institutions, and was attracted especially 
to the great valley of the Mississippi. In his purpose to remove to 
America he was seconded by his devoted wife. 

"In 1849 the young family, bringing one child with them, came to 
our shores, landing strangers in New Orleans, thence journeyed to 
Madison. Tarrying there but a few weeks they came to this city in 
November, 1849, twenty- eight years ago. This was Mr. Sinker's home 
till his death. Here was the scenes of his labors, when from small 
•beginnings he steadily advanced to become at last the chief in one of 
the largest manufacturing establishments in the west. It is not needed 
on this occasion that I should speak of his business history ; it is known 
to us all, and has been appropriately advertised in the public press. 
Suffice it to say his history is a noble example of what industry and 
integrity will accomplish. But Mr. Sinker has also filled a very large 
place in all the public enterprises, benevolent and religious institutions 
-of our city. Every movement for the relief of the poor, the reforma- 
tion of the vicious, the education of the young, the salvation of his 
fellow man, found him a warm sympathizer and helper. He abounded 
in good works. Our city, which he loved, has suffered a great calamity 
in his death. 

" For some years after his arrival in this city he was connected with 
the Fourth Presbyterian church. In 1857 he united with others in form- 
ing the Plymouth Congregational church, and remained until his death 
one of its honored and useful members. From the beginning he has 
held the responsible offices of trustee and deacon, and much of the time 
lias served as superintendent of the Sabbath school. He has been so 
identified with the history of this church, has shared so largely in the 
burdens of responsibility and sacrifice, that we are cast into the deepest 
gloom by his sudden removal from us." 

Mr. Hyde then drew the lessons of the life of the deceased : 

" Mr. Sinker was a marked example of industry. There was not a 



30 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



busier man in the city. He was a man who loved to work. ' Not sloth- 
ful in business; fervent in spirit, serving the Lord,' was one of his favor- 
ite quotations from the Bible. 

"He was also a man of earnest purpose. This pushed him on his 
work and through it against all obstacles. There was a resolution and 
courage in the man that led him to take hold of the heaviest end in a 
lift and strike at the hardest part of the task. This made him a leader 
among working men. His spirit was contagious and inspired others to 
follow after him. 

" Mr. Sinker was the most generous man I have ever known. The 
selfish world would say he was generous to a fault. There was no limit 
to his liberality but his ability to give. It was more than meat and 
drink to him to bestow blessings on the needy. No cause of benevo- 
lence appealed to him in vain so long as he had the means to help. 
The charm of Mr. Sinker's expressions of love was their thorough sin^ 
cerity. 

"We should not do justice to the commanding trait of his charac- 
ter, his love, if we did not allude to his affection for children. There 
are hundreds of children in this city who will think of the kind words, 
and the gifts of Mr. Sinker. How many children in our households 
had learned to expect his hands to go into his pocket for some token of 
love for them. Eternity alone can tell in how many young hearts his 
noble example has sown the seeds of immortal life. Mr. Sinker was a 
man of the purest integrity. He was as near perfection in his inten- 
tions as any man I ever knew. No chances of gain could tempt him to 
dishonesty. As a business man he meant to do right. He believed 
his religion should be carried into his daily life." 

The speaker eloquently spoke of the religious character of Mr. Sinker, 
his trust in God, his natural and humble piety and the catholicity of his- 
spirit, closing with the following paragraph : 

"Our faith follows the spirit of our brother to his blessed home 
in heaven, and while we gaze upward our hearts breathe out the prayer, 
' Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like his.' 
Could those sealed lips speak they would £ay, ' Weep not for me ; pre- 
pare to meet me in a better world.' They would say to the young — to 
all — ' Religion is a glorious reality; you need its support. Seek ye the 
Lord while he may be found. Call ye upon him while he is near.' . 

' 'With a smile, in his sickness, he told his partner in business : ' The 
passage of scripture that comes to my mind makes me comfortable. ' His 
last counsel to his daughter was : ' Be good, love the Savior ; this is 



ALFRED T. SINKER. 



431 



the true road to happiness.' My brethren, I pray that his mantle of 
love and piety may fail upon us. May we all be redeemed by grace and 
at length join the departed in the song of unending joy around the 
throne of God in heaven." 

ALFRED T. SINKER, 

Son and successor of Edward T. Sinker, whose funeral obsequies and 
memoirs precede this sketch, was born at Howarden, a town on the 
Dee, bordering on England, in Wales, on the nth of May, 1846. 

On the 1 6th of February, 1849, his father, the late Edward T. Sin- 
ker, sailed from Liverpool on the Oneca, with his family, consisting 
of Alfred, his mother, and an older brother, for the United States of 
America. The voyage was a perilous one. They were driven by con- 
trary winds on the Spanish coast, and narrowly escaped shipwreck. 
After experiencing numerous gales and rough seas, and seeing some 
of their fellow passengers buried in the sea, they finally, on the 22d of 
March, reached the Island of Jamaica, where they were becalmed for 
three days ; then continuing their voyage, they reached New Orleans- 
on the nth of April. After a few days rest, Mr. Sinker, being unable 
to reconcile the institution of slavery with his ideas of right and justice,, 
determined to come further north. He accordingly took passage on the 
steamer New World for Cincinnati, but on account of the prevalence of 
cholera at that place, he returned to Madison, Indiana, which place he 
reached on the ist of May. On the 4th his oldest son, Freddy, died of 
a disease he had contracted in the West Indies. 

The following fall he visited Indianapolis, and at once decided tO' 
make it his future home. He accordingly brought his family here No- 
vember 4, 1849, and proceeded to establish the Western Machine 
Works, in which business he continued until the time of his death. 

During a period of more than twenty years the subject of this sketch 
spent his time alternately at school and in working in the various de- 
partments of his father's establishment, and thus gained a general know- 
ledge of the entire business. 

He was admitted into the High School in 1857, and to the North 
Western Christian University in i860, remaining there until the com- 
mencement of the war. In 1861 he served a short time under General 
Fremont, as a member of an Ohio battery. Returning home, he en- 
tered Liber College, and in the fall of 1863 joined the Army of the 
Cumberland, as assistant quartermaster, remained until May ist, .1864^ 



432 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



when he left to attend college in Poughkeepsie, New York, where he 
studied banking, higher mathematics, commercial law, and general bus- 
iness principles. 

In November, of this year, in strict obedience to the wishes of his 
parents, Mr. Sinker declined a flattering appointment in the British 
navy. He came home and took charge of the Western Machine Works, 
where he continued until the 1 8th of August, 1S67, when he established 
the American Saw Works. A month later he was married to Miss 
Coates, of Mansfield, Ohio. 

By hard work and unlimited advertising Mr. Sinker soon secured an 
enviable reputation for the excellence of his saws, which found a ready 
sale from New York to the Rocky Mountains. 

In 1 868 he found it necessary to buy out his partner, and in doing 
so involved himself to the amount of g 30,000. This was a fearful 
responsibility for a man only twenty-two years of age. It was often 
predicted that his failure was inevitable. But he possessed in a high 
degree his father's indomitable pluck, his hope and Christian fortitude. 
His father bade him "work hard and look up, for all things will work 
together for good." He did work unceasingly, and advertised lav- 
ishly, and success was the result. He continued to work without dis- 
couragement, and full of hope. On the death of his father, Mr. Davis, 
his father's partner, desired him to join him in the machine business. 
Pleased with this proposition, he sold out his saw works, paid his ^30,000 
indebtedness, and had considerable left. The next day after the sale 
he accepted Mr. Davis's proposition and went into the "Western 
Machine Works." Having expressed a preference for an incorporated 
company to Mr. Davis, they, on the 17th of June, 1871, organized under 
the laws of the State as "Sinker, Davis & Co.," with a capital of 
^200,000. The board of directors is composed of Alfred T. Sinker, 
Hon. Thomas Davis, of Omaha, a capitalist and a man of ability and 
untiring energy, Benjamin P. Hetherington, a practical machinist of 
considerable note, and Samuel Stephens, widely known as one of the 
best boiler makers in the country. Their business is the manufacturing 
of portable and stationary steam engines, boilers, circular saw mills and 
general machinery. Their trade extends from Rhode Island to Califor- 
nia, and from Minnesota to Mexico. Mr. Sinker thinks that if anything 
is worth doing at all it is worth doing well. Hence he puts his whole 
force and energy into anything he undertakes. He is an early riser, 
only sleeping from five to seven hours out of the twenty-four, with 
steady, temperate habits, and consequently healthy. He is a member 



PHILLIP REICHWINE. 



433 



of the Plymouth Congregational church, Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, and of the Choral Union. Mr. Sinker has one child, a son, 
Eddie Coates Sinker, born on the 13th of March, 1871, but a few days 
before the death of his grandfather. He was baptised on the 5th of 
April, 1876, by Henry Ward Beecher, in Brooklyn, New York. 
Although Mr. Sinker is only in his thirty-first year, he has attained an 
enviable position as a first-class business man, and has inherited his 
father's characteristics for honesty, probity and fair dealing. 

PHILLIP REICHWINE. 

Among our prosperous and successful German citizens will be found 
the one whose name heads this sketch, having carved and worked out his 
own fortune. Phillip Reichwine was born in Mezingen Urach, King- 
dom of Wurtemberg, Germany. On the 25th of July, 1852, he landed 
with his parents in New York. He then went to EUensville, Ulster 
county. New York, where he remained until March, 1854, at which 
time he came to Indianapolis. He first obtained employment with 
General Elliott, at the American Hotel, opposite the Union Depot, on 
Louisiana street, and remained with him until 1857. He then worked 
at the German Turner Hall, at the corner of Kentucky avenue and Ten- 
nessee street. Subsequently he worked for E. Beck, at Crystal Palace, 
on the north side of Washington street, between Meridian and Illinois 
streets. In 1859 ^^ went to St. Louis, and rem.ained one year. He 
returned and worked for Matthew Emmenegger at the Union Hall, 
opposite the Court House, on Washington street, until 1863. 

In 1864 he was married to Miss Antonetta Emmenegger, daughter 
of his former employer. He then engaged with Martin Hug at his 
saloon on Washington street, where he remained until the death of Mr. 
Hug. In 1868 he started in business on his own account in the place 
that had been kept by Mr. Wenger, on the northwest corner of Market 
and Noble streets. Here he remained until June, 1876. In the mean- 
time he built the fine block on the southwest corner of Market and 
Noble streets, known as " Reichwine's Hall," where he now keeps one 
of the most popular establishments in the city. He was elected M. N. 
G. A. of the United Ancient Order of Druids, at Cincinnati, in 1875, 
and installed in Philadelphia in 1876, to serve until 1878. Mr. Reich- 
wine possesses social and agreeable qualities calculated to make him 
popular with all with whom he has intercourse. Hence his great pros- 
perity and success in business. Being now just in the prime of life he 



434 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



bids fair for many years of usefulness to his fellow meii, and of happi- 
ness to his family. Mr. Reichwine's father, John P. Reichwine, resides 
with him, his mother having died in 1870. 

FIRST FIRE, FIRST BURGLARY AND FIRST HOMICIDE IN 
INDIANAPOLIS. 

It is a fact that should not be overlooked, and one worthy of note, 
that for the first fifteen years after the settlement of Indianapolis we had 
neither fire engines nor poHce officers, and during that entire time there 
was but one fire, one burglary, and one homicide. 

The fire was that of Carter's tavern, in January, 1825, and did its 
work very effectually, burning down the entire building, leaving many 
members of the Legislature without a place to lay their heads. 

The burglary was that of Jacob Landis's grocery, by an old man 
named Redman and his son-in-law, Warner. Suspicion pointed to them,, 
and a search warrant was issued to Sheriff Russell to search their house. 
The missing articles were all found there, with the exception of a bolt 
of brown sheeting. The sheriff had noticed that Mrs. Warner was 
much larger in front and more rotund in person than she was but a few 
days before, and suspicioned that there was "something more than meal " 
concealed there, and asked for an examination. She was very indignant 
that a gentleman should wish to examine a lady in her condition ; but 
the sheriff could not be put off; he had seen too many women in that 
situation, and never knew one to assume so large proportions in so short 
a time. The examination disclosed the missing goods. The burglars 
were promptly tried, convicted and sent to the penitentiary for several 
years. 

The homicide was the drowning of William McPherson by Michael 
Van Blaricum, on the 8th of May, 1833. 

It had been known for some time that Van Blaricum entertained no- 
very good feelings toward McPherson, and had, on several occasions, 
manifested a disposition to ridicule and make sport of him. 

McPherson was employed by William H. Wernwag as a clerk and 
time-keeper, while the White river bridge was being built. Van Blari- 
cum was going to cross from the east to the west side of the river in a 
canoe, and McPherson requested the privilege of crossing with him, 
which was granted. Van Blaricum had some augers in his hand which 
he fastened to the bow of the canoe with the rope used for fastening" 
the boat, observing at the same time that he intended to drown McPher- 



GEORGE C. HARDING. 



435 



son. When about the middle of the river he turned the canoe over, 
and when in the water grappled McPherson ; they sank together, and 
McPherson never rose until brought out a corpse. 

At the coroner's inquest finger marks were found on the throat of 
McPherson, which the examining physician said were made before life 
was extinct. Van Blaricum was tried for manslaughter, convicted and 
sent to the penitentiary for a few years. 

Although he had said he would drown McPherson, and did, there 
were none who believed that he intended to do so, but only to scare 
him, and went farther than he intended ; indeed he told the writer so 
himself after he had paid the penalty of his crime, and could have no 
inducement to lie. The jury must have been of the same opinion, hence 
the verdict, which was for a shorter time than the burglars, above spoken 
of, and less than a person would now be sent for the larceny of a ten 
dollar watch. 

GEORGE C. HARDING. 

When I come to write of such a man as Mr. Harding, who is him- 
self a ready writer and wields a trenchant pen, I then distrust my own 
competency for the task I have undertaken. To say that he is one of 
the most able writers connected with the newspaper profession is but 
saying what the fifty thousand readers of the Saturday Herald already 
know. He is considered one of the best paragraphists of the day, the 
peer of the late George D. Prentice, of the Louisville Journal, whose 
reputation in that line of literature was world-wide. Mr. Harding does 
not write merely for profit but to please as well as to gratify a natural 
taste of his own, and on this principle his paper is conducted. He 
writes so the reader can comprehend him at once without re reading the 
article. His articles are characterized by clearness and force. He is 
now in the prime of manhood, with bright prospects of reaching a 
brilliant terminus. 

He is of a quick and warm temperament, quick to detect and resent 
an insult, and just as ready to forget and forgive when due reparation is 
made. On the other hand, if he finds himself wrong he loses no time 
to make the amende honorable. Ardent and devoted in his friendships, 
he will go any length to favor those whom he thinks worthy. 

George C. Harding was born at Knoxville, Tennessee, on the 29th 
of August, 1829. He removed with his father's family to Edgar county, 
Illinois, when he was but eight years old. He tells me that in the suc- 
ceeding ten years he took thirty quarts of quinine. 



436 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



In 1845 he engaged with Judge Conard, of the Wabash Courier, 
Terre Haute, to learn the printing business. In 1847, and during the 
Mexican war, he enUsted in the Second regiment of dragoons of the 
regular army, but was discharged at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, on 
account of sickness. He worked on the Prairie Beacon, established by 
his father, at Paris, Illinois. In 1855 he was half proprietor and editor 
of the Courier, at Charleston, Illinois, which was the first paper in the 
United States to hoist the name of John C. Fremont for President. He 
afterwards published in the same town a paper called the Ledger, which 
had a wide circulation, mostly on credit. After selling the Ledger 
office he went to Cincinnati, where he did his first city work as local 
editor of the Commercial. He then enlisted in the Twenty-first Indiana 
regiment, and was promoted to a lieutenancy. In 1864 he resigned, 
and worked on the New Orleans Times, which was just started. He 
then came north and worked on the Indianapolis Journal as city editor. 
Afterward he took a similar position on the Herald (how Sentinel). 
He then formed a connection with Marshall G. Henry for the publica- 
tion of the Weekly Mirror, afterwards converted into a daily. He then 
sold his interest in the Mirror in consequence of disagreement with the 
partners. He then worked on the Cincinnati Enquirer, Louisville 
Ledger, and St. Louis Democrat. From the latter position he was dis- 
charged for writing a letter to the Chicago Times with some news in 
relation to the small pox prevailing in St. Louis. He then came to 
Indianapolis and established the Herald, and, as he says, came to stay. 

Just before the rebellion he was employed as assistant editor of the 
Daily Telegraph, at Houston, Texas, and says he left in something of a 
hurry, in consequence of having opinions of his own in regard to the 
approaching war. His connection was also severed with the New Or- 
leans Times in consequence of some criticisms of General N. P. Banks's 
administration of affairs on the Gulf. He was once expelled from the 
Kentucky House of Representatives for criticisms on the action of the 
members ; but was still harbored in the Senate by Senator Lovell H. 
Rousseau defending him. 

It will be readily seen that Mr. Harding has taken an independent 
course, without regard to consequences, and as a fearless and independ- 
ent writer has few equals. He will expose corruption, whether in the 
brothel or the church, the cottage or the palace. 

Mr. Harding is about six feet in height, with a strong, symmetrical 
frame, a keen black eye, dark hair, slightly tinged with silver grey. 



SAMUEL N. BANNISTER. 437 

HON. DILLARD RICKETTS 

Has been a citizen of Indianapolis since 1867, although he has been well 
known to our prominent citizens for many years. He is a native of 
Kentucky, born in Clarke county, but lived some time in Henry county 
previous to his coming to Madison, his first residence in Indiana. 

He was for several years a successful merchant of Edinburg, and 
while residing there represented Johnson county in the State Senate. 
He was for several years extensively engaged in the purchase and pack- 
ing of pork at Jeffersonville, and did a larger business in that way than 
any other person in the State at that time. 

Several years since he was selected president of the Jeffersonville & 
Indianapolis Railroad Company, and at a time its stock was scarcely 
worth ten cents on the dollar. During his presidency it gradually ad- 
vanced in value until it is now at a large premium, although the company 
had purchased the Madison & Indianapolis railroad and built lateral 
branches of their own road — one from Columbus to Cambridge City, 
another from Jeffersonville to New Albany. 

Mr. Ricketts and Samuel H. Patterson, of Jeffersonville, as the rep- 
resentatives of the railroad, were active in procuring the building of the 
railroad bridge across the Ohio river at the southern terminus of their 
road, and to them Indiana and the country is mostly indebted for unit- 
ing New York with New Orleans by one continuous and unbroken chain 
of railroad communication through our State. 

Mr. Ricketts has ever been an active and energetic man, contributing 
largely to the great prosperity of the State. He possesses a frank and 
manly bearing and a dignified kindness calculated to win upon those that 
he is thrown in contact with. 

His estimable lady is the second daughter of the Hon. David W. 
Daily of Clarke county, who for many years represented that county in 
the State Senate. We remember him as one of the firm friends of the 
administration of General Jackson during his Presidency. Mrs. Rick- 
etts has two brothers well-known to our citizens: The first, Harry 
Daily, son-in-law of the late Judge Morrison. The second brother, 
Thomas Daily, married a Miss Walsh of Edinburg, Indiana. 

SAMUEL N. "BANNISTER. 

Mr. Bannister is a native of Maryland, born at Baltimore, in 1832. 
When quite young he went to Cincinnati, where he was raised and edu- 



^28 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

<;ated. In 1857 he came to Indianapolis. In September, 1861, he vol- 
unteered in the 26th Indiana regiment, and served four years in the 
army. 

On the 23d of September, i860, he was married to Miss Mary A., 
■daughter of the Rev. S. H. Lucas, who was treasurer of Randolph 
county eight years. 

In October, 1S73, he engaged in the newspaper business as business 
-manager of the Saturday Herald, where he is yet engaged. Mr. Ban- 
nister is rather below the medium size, but what he lacks in stature he 
makes up in activity, being a quick business man, and always found at 
the post of duty. He is of a very mild temper, except soinetimes on 
Saturdays, when the irrepressible newsboy is clamoring for the Satur- 
day Herald ; he then has to assume a more austere course for the time 
being. The Saturday Herald is now one of the most prosperous papers 
•of the State, and in this respect the paper speaks for itself. 

NOAH SINKS 

Was born in the State of Ohio in 1801 and removed to Marion county 
in 1823 and settled on what is known as the Sellers farm, near the 
mouth of Eagle creek. Afterward he removed to the southwestern 
part of the county and there resided one or two years before his death, 
which occurred on the 13th of March, 1877. The writer has known him 
^lersonally since he first came to the county. He was rather eccentric 
in dress and manner. 

The Journal says of him : "He will be remembered by his old ac- 
quaintances as a man of wiry frame, of great endurance, energetic, ever 
ready to assist his neighbors, a man of positive convictions and an hon- 
est man." 

We may hold our old pioneer neighbors in pleasant remembrance, 
but we can never appreciate their life work. One by one they pass 
away, while the rushing tide of men pass on unmindful of their worth. 
Only a few remain who have been citizens of tl^e county as long as Mr. 
Sinks. One point in his character was, he valued his word above price ; 
no consideration would induce him to forfeit it. 



JOHN HEIM. 

Among the early German citizens of Indianapolis was the person 
-whose name stands at the head of this sketch. He was born at Vetten- 



JOHN STUMPH. 43g 

burg, Germany, in 1807. He came to Indianapolis in October, 1834, 
and engaged in the butchering business, and is now the oldest resident 
butcher of the city. 

The first victim to Mr. Heim's knife was furnished by the writer for 
fifty cents, being a calf that would now readily command eight dollars. 
For many years Mr. Heim was known only as " Dutch John," and there 
are some of the old citizens who know no other name for him up to this 
time. By industry he has become quite wealthy, owning the property 
in the point between East Washington street and the Michigan road, 
also a fine farm. He has retired from business. Since the death of 
his wife his daughter has been his housekeeper. One of his sons lives 
on his farm. 

FREDERICK WILLIAM RASENER 

Was born in the city of Minden, kingdom of Prussia, on the nth of 
February, 1824. He came to the United States with his father's family 
and settled in Hancock county, Indiana, 1836. In 1840 he came to 
Indianapolis and worked for different persons as a laborer. 

In 1852 he was married to Miss Caroline Mavert, by whom he has 
seven children living and one dead. He has been for several years en- 
gaged in the family grocery business on East Washington street, near 
the junction of Washington street and Michigan avenue. 

Mr. Rasener has, by industry and strict attention to business, been 
enabkd to accumulate considerable property ; owning a fine business as 
well as private property. He is now doing business in connection with 
his son, the firm being F. W. Rasener & Son. 

JOHN STUMPH 

Was born in the Grand Duchy of Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, on the 
23d of June, 1830, and came to the United States, landing at Baltimore, 
in 1850, thence to Indianapolis the same year. He has been a large 
contractor for grading and improving the streets of the city, and many 
of our thoroughfares owe their improvement to him. 

He was married in 1853 to Miss Christina Fifer, of this city, by 
whom he has several children. He is now engaged in the liquor busi- 
ness on South Delaware street, near Mozart Hall. He resides near the 
corner of Washington street and Arsenal avenue, where, with his pleas- 
ant family, by whom he is surrounded, he is well prepared to enjoy his 
beautiful home, 
26 



440 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



THOMAS ASKINS. 



Mr. Askins was a native of Pennsylvania. From the latter State he 
moved to Hamilton county, Ohio, thence to Marion county, in 1828, 
and settled on an unimproved piece of land in Warren township, six 
miles east of Indianapolis, of which he made a fine farm, now owned by 
his youngest son, Franklin. 

The eldest son, William Askins, lives in the immediate neighbor- 
hood of his father's old homestead, and is one of the prosperous and 
reliable farmers of the county. I see him pass my residence almost 
daily, with some of the many products of his farm for the city market. 
Oliver Newhouse, living in the same neighborhood, married one of the 
daughters of Thomas Askins. He, too, is " a well-to-do " and thrifty 
farmer. 

With the subject of this sketch the writer was well acquainted during 
his entire residence in Marion county. He died about the year 1865, 
regretted by a large circle of friends and acquaintances. 

HENRY ACHEY. 

It is a very difficult matter to find a starting point to give the reader 
a true appreciation of the character of Mr. Achey, his many peculiar- 
ities, eccentricities and great versatility. His person was short, rotund 
in form, with short legs, inclined to bow. His whole contour was 
indicative of wit and humor. He was an American citizen of German 
descent, having been born and raised in Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He was well known throughout the States of Ohio and Indiana 
as a popular hotel keeper. He had kept tavern in several towns and 
villages in Ohio. He came to Indianapolis early in 1852, and for sev- 
eral years kept the Wright House, now transformed into Glenns' Block, 
where the New York Store is kept. Mr. Achey always kept a first- 
class house, and but few ever stopped with him that would not call 
again, not only on account of his superior accommodations, but he pos- 
sessed the faculty of making all feel at home under his roof, with his 
great fund of anecdotes, with which he would amuse his guests. He 
had a smile for all, a frown for none. He seemed to think there was 
more of sunshine than shade in the lot of man. Howeve*, he looked 
on the bright side, and cast off dull care. There are many anecdotes of 
him extant, as well as those he told. His peculiar manner of telling 
them, and suiting his actions to his words, none ever saw that can for- 



HENRY ACHEY. 



441 



■get. His way of drawing up his face and distorting his features, and 
the fact that he never smiled while relating his stories, was remarkable. 

After having kept hotel in several different places in Ohio, he took 
the Gait House in Cincinnati. It was arranged between him and his 
predecessor that he should take possession on Saturday evening, after 
supper, at which time the boarders generally paid their week's board in 
advance. The old proprietor told him that his boarders had been very 
prompt, with one exception, and that he had not paid any board for 
six months ; that he did not like to turn him off, lest he should lose 
what he already owed him, and pointed out the person to whom he 
alluded to Mr. Achey. After the several boarders had paid their bills, 
this gentleman stepped up to the office, and addressed Mr. Achey in 
this way : 

"I believe you are the gentleman who proposes keeping this 
house ? " 

"Yes," was the reply, "that's my intention," 

" Your name is Achey, I believe ? " 

"Achey is my name," was the answer. 

" Henry Achey, I think ? " 
. "Yes, Henry Achey. " 

" You once kept tavern at Dayton ? " 

"Yes, I kept at Dayton." 

"Then at Middletown? Then, I think, at Hamilton?" 

"Yes, I kept at both those places." 

"Last, I believe, you kept Sportsman's Hall, near this city? " 

" Yes, I kept Sportsman's Hall for awhile." 

"Now you are here. You are a kind of traveling, or itinerant 
hotel keeper? " 

"Yes, I have moved around considerably," was the answer. 

"Now, Mr. Achey," said the boarder, "if I should pay you a 
week's board in advance, what assurance have I that you will be here a 
week hence?" 

Mr. Achey acknowledged the force of the gentleman's remark by 
handing him a receipt for the week's board, and inviting him up to 
the bar. 

While Mr. Achey kept the Gait House an old friend, a drover, put 
up with him ; he had several hands that had assisted him with his stock 
who also stopped at the Gait. During the evening one of those men 
had bought at auction a cheap fiddle, and was seated by the stove in 
the office drawing from the bowels of the machine a very doleful, and, 



442 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



to Mr. Achey, disagreeable noise ; how to get rid of the annoyance 
without offending the man he did not know ; at last he hit upon this 
expedient. Said Mr. Achey to his clerk, " Dan, I wish to get rid of 
that noise, how will we doit?" Without waiting for any suggestion 
from his clerk, he said, " I have it, we will talk here for a few moments 
in a loud and angry manner as though quarreling, and then I will go out 
by the stove and get within reach of the fiddle ; then you come out and 
renew the quarrel, and I will snatch the fiddle from his hand and break 
it over your head ; mind, Dan, and keep on your hat." 

At the preconcerted time Mr. Achey took a position by the stove, 
and within easy grab of the fiddle. Dan came out from behind the 
counter and renewed the quarrel. 

"Mr. Achey," said Dan, "you are certainly mistaken." "I am 
not," said Mr. Achey, "and I do not wish you to say so again in my 
presence." " You tell a falsehood, " said Dan. Simultaneous with the 
word falsehood went the crash of the fiddle over Dan's head. 

"Now," said the fellow, "you've broke my fiddle. " "Yes," was 
the reply, "and I have broke his head." 

The matter was adjusted the next morning between Mr. Achey and 
his guest, by Mr. Achey paying the price of the fiddle, one dollar and 
twenty-five cents. 

On one occasion Mr. Achey had purchased a large number of horses 
for a distant market, and had lost heavily on them. On his return home 
his wife inquired of him how he had made out. " Out, out," said he ; 
"all out, horses, money and all." Mrs. Achey was fretting over his 
loss. "Shut up, shut up," said he, "when you married me you mar- 
ried a man, and if you will only hold on to my coat-tail I '11 take you 
through the world flying." 

That the ruling passion is strong in death has been exemplified in 
his case. A few days before his death an old friend came to see him. 
During their conversation his friend let him know that he had learned 
that he had joined the church. "Yes," said Mr. Achey, " Sam I have 
joined the church, the Methodist church. My reason for selecting that 
church was the fact that I have persecuted them more than any other, 
and this would be the last opportunity I would have of making due 
reparation." 

A few days after this, which was in the winter of 1865-66, he died 
a firm believer in the Christian rehgion, a regeneration of his heart, and 
the forgiveness of his sins. 

Mr. Achey possessed many fine traits of character, hospitable and 



JAMES FORSEE. 443 

liberal to a fault. He was a man of fair political information, and died, 
I believe, without an enemy. His death was regretted by many per- 
sonal friends and his family, who were devotedly attached to him. His 
wife and two children are still residents of this city. 



JAMES FORSEE. 

Mr. Forsee was from Elkhorn, Franklin county, Kentucky. He 
professed to be a lawyer, but knew as little about it as any person we 
ever knew, to make as much profession as he did. He was full of bom- 
bast, and used language that he nor any one else understood the mean- 
ing of. 

To hear him talk you would think him wealthy, and that he lived in 
magnificent style. His household furniture consisted of one or two old 
bedsteads, a few chairs, a puncheon table, and a few half-starved dogs. 
He wore a cap of coon skin made by drawing the ends of the skin to- 
gether, so that when the cap was on his head that part .of the skin that 
covered the animal's nose protruded over his, and the tail hanging down 
his back, the skin retained the original shape. The body that contained 
the head and brains of the profound attorney presented a rather bulged 
appearance, and he might be thought to be carrying a large-sized coon 
upon his head. 

He was a large man, with blood-red hair, his face as red as a turkey's 
nose. His team was a pair of small steers, both of which were not as 
heavy as a common sized cow. Before the steers he hitched an old 
grey mare that most likely resembled Tam O'Shanter's mare Meg. 
With this team he would haul about a third of a cord of wood to town, 
for which he would receive twenty-five or thirty-one cents. He was 
fond of boasting of his rise in the world, and of being an entirely self- 
made man, and what a man might make of himself with perseverance 
and industry, and how he had risen from obscurity to his high position 
as a lawyer. He lived on the donation line just north of where the 
Blind Asylum now stands. He and his son Peter were plowing in a 
field near his house, when the following instructions he was giving Peter 
were overheard : 

"Peter," said he, "take an object and plow direct to it, then your 
furrows will be straight. Just so in life, Peter, you must take an object 
and plow straight to it. It was so with me, my son ; I took the law 
for an object, I plowed straight, and my furrows were even. You see, 
Peter, what I have made of myself. I now stand at the head of the 



444 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



legal profession in the capital of Indiana, and next to me stands my law 
partner, James Whitcomb, Esq., of Monroe county. Peter, you have 
advantages that but few young men enjoy, and you should improve 
them." 

Mr. Forsee's daughter, Mary Jane, partook a great deal of her fath- 
er's pride, as well as looks. Her hair was as red as that of her father. 
She wore it in a water-fall on the top of her head. Her face was the 
<pOlor of a turkey egg, but rather more speckled. She had a great pas- 
sion for jewelry, which was gratified by her indulgent father. She said 
"it was very difficult to get such articles of jewelry here as her father 
wished her to wear ; her father had sent to ' Sinsinnaty, ' by Mr. McCarty, 
and bought her a pure silver ring ; it cost him three-quarters of a dollar. " 

Mary Jane was invited to a quilting and log-rolling at Judge Mcll- 
vain's. As soon as she was seated at the quilt she began to apolo- 
gize for her lack of jewelry. She said she " had broke her ring ; that 
dad had a large log to load on the ' slide,' and she, in helping him, had 
broken her ring, and that dad had taken it to the dentist's to have it 
fixed, but it could not be fixed in time for her to war it to the quilting." 
She said, " in Kaintuck, whar they come from, 'twarn't fashionable to 
war jewelry, but she reckoned 'twas caze they hadn't got none. Dad 
said nobody wurn't nothin here that didn't war no jewelry, so he got me 
that nice ring." 

Mr. Forsee moved from this place to the Indian Reserve, thence to 
California, where he, no doubt, stands high in his profession, and can 
indulge his daughter in her admiration for jewelry, and where, no doubt, 
Peter has taken an object and plows his furrows straight. 

" O wad some power the giftie gie us 
To see oursels as others see us ; 
It wad frae monie a blunder free us, 
And foolish notion." 



DOCTOR JAMES H. ROBINSON. 

Dr. Robinson was born near Abbington, West Virginia, on the 28th 
of July, 1825. He settled in Putnam county, Indiana, in 1831, where 
he received a common school education in one of the log school houses 
so common in Indiana at that day. He studied medicine with Dr. Wil- 
liam Matthews, of Eberle, now Fillmore, and commenced practice in 
that neighborhood in 1850, and has continued there since that time. 



SAMUEL HAN WAY. 



44S 



Dr. Robinson is also farming, and deals largely in stock, of which he is 
said to be a good judge. 

No person can mistake his true character after ten minutes conversa- 
tion. He is frank and candid in his expressions, with kind and genial 
manners, and is a hospitable gentleman. May he live long and pros- 
per, is the sincere wish of the writer. 

Dr. Robinson is a man of large frame, as well as a large heart, 
and his habits are suited to any exigencies that may arise. He is a 
man of a determined and reliable character. 

SAMUEL HANWAY. 

Mr. Hanway is the son of Amos Hanway, Sen., one of the pioneers 
who navigated White river from its mouth to this place in the spring of 
1 82 1, when there were not more than ten cabins in the place ; he is also 
the only living brother of the Rev. Amos Hanway, a well-known Meth- 
odist minister. Samuel Hanway was born in Indianapolis on the ist of 
October, 1827. His early life was spent mostly in fishing, and, like his 
brother, he was considered an expert in that pleasant pastime. In after 
years he turned his knowledge of fishing to a lucrative business by sup- 
plying almost the entire population of Indianapolis with the fruits of his 
labor. I have often seen him with a wagon heavily loaded with the 
finest of White river bass and salmon, the reward of one day's work. 
In 1 86 1 he was appointed by Mr. Lincoln's administration mail agent 
on the Indianapolis and Jefifersonville line of railroad. After holding 
that position some years he relinquished it to take contracts on our 
streets and other public work. During the real estate mania he traded 
largely in that business. In 1876 he received the Republican nomina- 
tion for county treasurer, and was elected at the State election in Octo- 
ber, by a majority running considerably ahead of his ticket. He is now 
the treasurer, and more money passes through his hands and is under 
his control than any other official of the kind in the State except the 
treasurer of the State. To say that Sam Hanway will perform his duties 
well and acceptably to the public is but to say what every person who 
as acquainted with him already knows. Sam has had a ticket in the pub- 
lic lottery before, when the prizes were generally small or blanks. This 
time Sam drew the capital. 

Mr. Hanway was born under the first shingle roof put on any house 
in Indianapolis. Mr. Hanway is quite a large, fine looking man, and 
is an ornament to the new two million dollar court house, of which he 
now constitutes one of the tenants. 



446 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

M. H. SPADES 

Was born in Cincinnati on the 15th of February, 1845, ^"d was edu- 
cated at Lawrenceburg, Indiana. He came to Indianapolis in 1865, 
and for four years clerked in one of the principal dry goods stores of 
the city. In 1869 he went into business on his own account, and since 
that time has been doing a prosperous business. He is at this time 
proprietor of that elegant dry goods establishment known as the Boston 
Store, in Hubbard's Block, Nos. 5 and 7 West Washington street. He 
was married on the 26th of June, 1872, to Miss Hester, daughter of the 
well-known artist, Jacob Cox. It seems that the concord of sweet 
sounds and melody which they had been in the habit of jointly produc- 
ing had a more than ordinary effect upon themselves. It caused to be 
tied the Gordian knot of the silken thread of matrimony. 

Mr. Spades, as well as his estimable wife, have attained a reputa- 
tion as amateur musicians seldom reached, he as a violinist, and she as 
a vocalist. I can not give the reader a better idea of Mr. Spades's 
ability as a musician than to clip the following from the Sunday Herald 
of April 26, 1874. It is a merited compliment, expressing the truth : 

"We have remarked, in one or two former sketches in the present 
series, that to determination, persevering study of, and close attention 
to, a mastery of the details of the musical science, several of our resi- 
dent musicians owe their present proficiency. Fearlessness of hard 
work and a defiant attack upon technical difficulties, are wanting in all 
pursuits, that of a study of the sciences in particular, and no one ever 
did or ever will achieve success in an educational branch without these 
qualifications. Success will come in precisely the ratio of application 
bestowed, and no mathematical problem was ever more correctly ad- 
justed than this in its application to the study of music ; and to the pos- 
session of these qualities, in no small extent, does Mr. Spades owe his 
musical ability to-day. As a violinist he stands first among our ama- 
teurs, while in the professional ranks there are but few who are his 
superiors. This is an unquestionable fact, and is only the well-deserved 
acknowledgment of all. To win so advanced a position was not the 
result of a few months desultory application to practice and, study, but 
is rather the legitimate reward of many years hard work and close 
application to the detail and drudgery of the work ; and if ever any man 
has worked hard and earned every step of advancement he has made, 
our friend Harry is the man. Previous to his marriage, and often since, 
passers by have heard the sound of his instrument ringing out a sort of 



M. H. SPADES. 



447 



obligate accompaniment to the tolling of the midnight and Sabbath 
bell. 

"Although none of the members of his family are noted musicians, 
still it may be said that he came of a stock of lovers of music, and he 
is himself by no means deficient in genuine appreciation of the divine 
art. The origin of his violin study was somewhat peculiar. We pre- 
sent the incident as we had it from Mr. Spades direct, and give it to our 
readers for a two-fold purpose — to mark the commencement of his 
musical studies, and to show how slight an event may affect the entire 
current of a human life. 

" One day, when Harry was about ten years of age, he saw two of 
his cousins playing with a pine fiddle of somewhat primitive -structure, 
which instrument they had perverted into a mud boat. That ' the child 
is father to the man ' was proved in this case, as the indignant youth, 
determined to put an end to so sacrilegious a proceeding, immediately 
seized upon the instrument and bore it off in triumph. By some means 
he contrived to secure a set of strings and an old bow, and straightway 
commenced work in earnest. Any person who hears Mr. Spades in the 
concert room, and notes the perfection of his bowing, and the general 
excellence of his technique, would scarcely believe that his entire course 
of instructions received from any teacher is confined to some two months 
lessons, which he, together with a class of some twenty-five, took from 
a Mr. Frank Walters, of Lawrenceburg, Indiana, at an expense of forty 
cents a month. We will mention in this connection that our friend 
Harry is the only one of that class who plays the violin to-day. Hard 
work, persistent and persevering study, joined to a true taste, have ac- 
complished great results for him, as there are few better amateur vio- 
linists to be found anywhere than he. 

" His first public appearance was made in one of the soirees given 
by himself and Messrs. Stedman and Newland, in the hall of the Blind 
Asylum in this city, where he performed an arrangement from ' Trova- 
tore ' in a manner which secured him many appreciative admirers. His 
next appearance was at one of Professor Black's concerts at Morrison 
Hall, since which time he has taken a prominent part in all the leading 
musical entertainments given by our resident amateurs, besides assisting 
at many others in response to invitations from abroad. Prior to the 
year 1871 Mr. Spades was at the head of a resident orchestra of ten, 
and their performances were such as to please even the most critical 
musicians. 

"Mr. Spades is no ordinary performer upon that great but much 



448 SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 

abused instrument, the violin, as a glance at the following list of classic 
works performed by him is ample testimony: 'Prayer,' 'Romanza,' 
'Souvenir de Haydn,' by Leonard (this latter being largely written for 
two, three and four stopping), ' La Melancholy,' by Prunn, all of De 
Beriot's celebrated airs and variations, as also the most difficult of his 
concertos. These, together with some of the most beautiful works of 
Paganini, Joachim, Wieniawski and others, make up a list of works 
rarely found in the repertoires of amateurs, and are only found among 
the labors of the very best professionals. 

"As we stated in the commencement of this sketch, Mr. Spades is 
indebted for his present artistic excellence to a spirit of determined 
industry and study, which never yields to obstacles, but which pushes 
on despite all opposition, and works out a final triumph. This same 
spirit actuates him in all his affairs and secures success in whatever he 
undertakes." 

Mr. Spades is an industrious artist, and takes great pleasure in the 
rehearsing of classic instrumental music, and finds time apart from his 
business hours to qualify his taste, and as his wife is an accomplished 
singer, they spend their social hours in the performance of music such 
as artists can only appreciate. 

JOHN F. HILL 

Came to Indianapolis, a mere boy, in May, 1830, from near Urbana, 
Champaign county, Ohio, where he was born on the 24th of October, 
18 1 2. Mr. Hill became a pupil of Thomas D. Gregg, who at that time 
taught school on the corner of Market and Delaware streets, where " the 
young idea was taught Ko fire." 

He then engaged with the Steam Mill Company as a clerk in their 
store, for three years, at a salary of thirty dollars for the first year, to be 
doubled every year until the expiration of the term of his engagement ; 
for the entire three years' services he received two hundred and ten dol- 
lars, less than some clerks in Indianapolis now get for one month. 

After a short respite he re-engaged with the same company, which 
was composed of James Blake, James M. Ray, Nicholas McCarty and 
Joseph M. Moore, and remained with them until the year 1848. He was 
then offered and accepted a partnership with Daniel and James Yandes. 
They, as partners, did business three years; then, as a partner of Isaac 
N. Phipps & Co., afterwards with W. W. Wright & Co., then as Hill & 
Wright. Finding that close confinement was impairing his health, he 



DOCTOR ABNER POPE. 



449 



quit the mercantile business and engaged in the manufacture of brick 
with S. V. B. Noel as a partner ; in 1850 changed partners, engaged 
with Levi Rogers in the same business, and in 1856 was a partner of the 
late James J. Drum in the wholesale grocery business. Of the many- 
partners that Mr. Hill has had, from time to time, all are living, with the 
exception of his brother-in-law, Mr. Drum ; and of the many persons he 
did business for, but two have passed away, viz., Mr. McCarty and Jo- 
seph M. Moore. 

Mr. Hill is now engaged in the nursery business in the eastern con- 
fines of the city, where he owns mkny acres, for which he has been 
offered one thousand dollars per acre. He owns a fine private residence 
on North Alabama, between Market and Ohio streets ; so the reader 
will readily perceive he has not slept away the forty years he has been a 
resident of Indianapolis. 

He is the brother of the first wife of the late Calvin Fletcher, like- 
wise a brother of that staid old farmer, Mr.« James Hill, who also resides 
in the city, and looks as though he had a common lifetime yet before 
him. 

Another brother, William, yet lives in the vicinity, but the writer 
for the past few years has lost track of him, but has no doubt that 
wherever he is, he is trying to " turn an honest penny," as was ever his 
wont to do. 

Mr. Hill has lost by death a son and daughter within three years, 
both married. The son, John B. Hill, was an artist, who, although 
young, had made great progress in his profession, and had he lived 
even to the meridian of life, would no doubt have attained a high 
reputation as a painter. The daughter was the wife of Mr. Neal — a 
very beautiful and accomplished lady; she leaves a young son that 
will partially fill the vacuum made in Mr. Hill's household by the death 
of two such gifted and promising children. They have yet a son and 
daughter living. 

DOCTOR ABNER POPE 

Was born in Salem, Massachusetts, in the year 1793, a place made 
famous, during the last century, for the superstition of its inhabitants 
and the punishment of such as were suspected of witchcraft. Dr. 
Pope descended from an English family that came over to this 
country soon after the arrival of the Mayflower. Dr. Franklin (his 
mother being a Pope) came over with the same family. 

Dr. Pope was a Quaker, and used the plain language. "Thee," 



450 



SKETCHES OF PROMINENT CITIZENS. 



"thou" and "thine," were upon his ready tongue. He also dressed 
in the pecuHar style of that religious organization, broad-brimmed white 
hat and round-breasted coat, generally of the drab color. He prac- 
ticed medicine upon the steam or Thompsonian principle, and had in 
his shop a long box made water-tight, in which he placed his patients 
and raised the steam on them to one hundred and twenty-five degrees 
Fahrenheit, and after limbering in this way for some time, he would 
douse them head and heels into ice-cold water, and rub them well with 
a dry towel. Whether he killed more than he cured, I am not pre- 
pared to say; but I occasionally see some of our old citizens that went 
through this operation walking about the streets, apparently none the 
worse, if not considerably better for it. 

In the doctor's shop and store, which were together, and located on 
the north side of Washington street, near where the Trade Palace now 
stands, was to be found all kinds of merchandise with, perhaps, the 
exception of bar iron, "bitter yerbs," all kinds of vegetable medi- 
cines, and every other article, from a paper of lettuce seed to a fine 
shawl, or silver thimble to silk hose. His store was generally the last 
resort for any article scarce in the market, and when not to be found at 
Dr. Pope's, the search for it was abandoned. He was a warm and enthu- 
siastic Whig, and advocated the measures of that party with great zeal 
and earnestness. In the year 1844, some waggish neighbor played a 
prank upon him by hoisting a rooster in front of his door. 

He left his native town when quite young, and Hved in Baltimore, 
Maryland, until the spring of 1836, when he