VIW' .<<? ^^
MARY M. ALEXANDER
OF THE REVOLUTION
CAPITOLA GUFFIN DILL
THE JACKSONIAN PUBLISHING COMPANY
.1^9 6- A 3
THE RUSHVILLE CHAPTER
Daughters of the American Revolution
NOV -4 J9I5
Daughters of the American Revolution
MARY M. (THOMAS) ALEXANDER
Published Under the Auspices of the
RUSHVILLE CHAPTER, D. A. R.
SARAH CRAWFORD GUFFIN, Regent.
These sketches are principallj^ written about
people who played the heroic part in the experiences
of every day life. They died unsung and unappreci-
ated and we, their children, have come into the rich
heritage they left us. I have long wished some other
hand than mine had told of them.
Yielding to the impulse, I have written for the
retrospection of the aged, and for the information of
the young regarding some of the incidents in the
history of our county. In sending them out, I wish
to acknowledge my indebtedness to the two countj^
Atlases for much of the early history of the county.
The remainder has been drawn from tradition and
Imperfect as these brief sketches may be, I trust
the reader may find something of interest in them.
M. M. A.
BEGINNINGS OF THE COUNTY
About the year 1744 the powerful aud warlike
Delaware* tribe of Indians were driven from the
Atlantic seaboard and passing the Alleghany moun-
tains they built their wigwams on the river Mahon-
ing in Western Pennsylvania. In the year 1784 they
were again compelled to move farther West. They
stopped in Western Ohio and Eastern and Central
Indiana. Here they remained until by treaties, made
from time to time, they relinquished their title to all
their rich domain and agreed to go beyond the Mis-
At a final treaty made Oct. 26, 1818, at St Mary's,
in the State of Ohio, between United States Com-
missioners and the Delaware nation of Indians, the
latter ceded to the United States Government all
their claim to land in the State of Indiana. This
tract of land was known as ''The New Purchase,"
but was later named Delaware County and included,
in whole or in part, what are Morgan, Shelby, De-
catur, Henry, Bartholomew, Rush, Johnson and
* It was the Delaware Indians that William Penn made
treaties with in Pennsylvania.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Their principal village in this county was in
Union Township, on what is known as ''Arnold's
Home" farm. Here they named the stream nearby
"Mahoning," in memory of their former home.
Later white men called it Ben Davis, that being the
name of the Chief of the Delawares. Ben Davis re-
turned, in 1820, to visit his old hunting grounds.
AVhile drinking at a tavern in Brookville, where he
had visited often before, he boasted how his band
had murdered a family, except a fleet-footed boy,
who escaped. That boy, now a man, listened to the
recital. The next day Ben Davis was found dead in
his temporary camp, a bullet hole in his head. No
effort was made to find out who fired the shot.
First Land Office.
A Government Land Office was opened at Brook-
ville in 1820.
The Legislature of 1821 authorized the formation
of a new county, west of Franklin and Fayette. The
same year the land was surveyed and named Rush
County, in honor of Dr. Benjamin Rush, of Phila-
delphia, by his friend and former pupil, Wm. B.
Laughlin, one of the Government surveyors, but now
a member of the Legislature.
The land was rapidly taken up. In three months
after the land was surveyed one hundred and sixty-
eight persons had entered land in the county and in
1821 two hundred and seventy-eight. Yet, when
Indiana was admitted to the Union in 1816, no white
man had pitched his tent in what is now Rush
Early in 1819 many squatters, principally from
Kentucky, had built their cabins and made some im-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
provements on a part of the public domain. Some
of these squatters hastened back to Kentucky to tell
their friends that the country was now opened for
settlement, and to insist on their coming to the ' ' New
Purchase." They gave such glowing accounts of the
fertility of the soil, fine timber, abundance of wild
game and the level surface of the country that they
were deemed, by some who heard them, as extremely
visionary. Many of their listeners were Pennsyl-
vania Dutch who had always lived in a mountainous
region. These were especially incredulous. After
listening to what they regarded as exaggerations,
they would turn away and say to others, "Well, he is
a hoosher, " (meaning a husher, or silencer). This
epithet became proverbial until all who returned
from Indiana were facetiously called "hooshers.."
This, my Kentucky parents told me, was the origin
of the name ''Hoosier," as it was pronounced later.
Many of these squatters bought their land and
became not only the pioneers of the county, but were
the means of bringing in a great many permanent
settlers. These began the building of homes and the
clearing away the dense forests.
In the construction of these cabin homes neither
nails nor hardware were used. The logs were cut
the required length, hewn on two sides and notched
near the ends, and fitted together at the corners, as
they were placed one above another. Small logs
were laid lengthwise on these for the upper joists,
on which long hand-riven clapboards were laid.
Graded lengths formed the gables. Small logs were
placed on these, from one end of the building to the
other, on which the board roof was placed. Other
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
logs were laid on the boards to hold them in place
while wooden braces kept them apart.
The floor was made from large logs split in two,
and made smooth with a broad-axe. These were
called puncheons and were laid on log sills.
The doors were made from long boards fastened
to long wooden hinges with wooden pins, and hung
on a wooden pivot. A leather string was attached
to a wooden latch and passed through a small hole
in the door. When this "latch string was out" the
inmates were at home to all who called. When the
latch string was pulled in the door was "locked,"
but this seldom occurred.
A place was cut in a side wall for a window.
When glass could not be obtained this space was
covered with greased paper in winter.
For the fire-place an opening was cut out at one
end of the cabin several feet wide and the chimney
built on the outside. A heavy framework of slabs
was fastened to the house and mortar and large
rocks placed inside of it five feet high. The upper
part was finished with square sticks and mortar.
A crane was fastened in one of the side walls of
the fire place on which dinner pots and kettles were
hung over the fire. In these fireplaces great, cheer-
ful fires burned in winter. A fire once kindled on
the hearth (emblem of undying love) was seldom
permitted to die out : a sentiment almost universal.
Iron skillets and ovens, with short iron legs, and
lids of the same material, were used for cooking on
the hearth by placing live coals under and over
them. Pies were made on a table, carried on the
hands and laid, and cooked, in a skillet. There
were no pie pans.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
The dishes, usually, were of pewter, and required
much scouring to keep them bright.
The hunter's rifle was laid on two forked sticks
over the door, ready for use if game of any kind
Candles were made by putting candle wick on
sticks three feet long, then dipping and cooling
alternately in a deep kettle filled with melted tal-
The furniture and the woodwork of the farming
implements were usually made by the owner, with
the exception of the spinning wheels. These were
made by wheelwrights.
These beginnings were primitive, but they had
their compensations. The settlers were on a com-
mon level. Neighbors were helpful in their work
and in every time of need. They assisted each other
in building, wood-chopping and log-rolling, where
fine timber was burned that would bring fabulous
Later wheat was sown broadcast by hand and
dragged under by a horse attached to brush. It was
reaped with a sickle, then tramped out on a puncheon
floor, or on hard ground, with horses and cleaned
by winnowing. Corn was planted by hand, covered
and cultivated with a hoe.
Women often assisted the men with their work,
kept house, picked, carded, spun and colored the
wool, then wove the wool and flax into cloth and
made it into garments and household needs. They
planted and cultivated the garden, gathered medicin-
al herbs, prescribed and cared for the sick. The
washing was done on the hands. All the sewing was
done by hand.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Brides were married in a bridal cap and wore
caps ever after. When older they wore large, white
kerchiefs about their shoulders. In the midst of
their activities hospitality was universally practiced.
Neighbors often spent the evening with each other.
The family all went together and had "supper" with
the hostess. Cooking was done on the crane and in
front of the open fireplace. A few women had "re-
flectors" made of tin, with a shelf or two on the
inside, with an open front. In these delicious bis-
cuits were baked in front of the fire ; Johny-cake,
made of corn meal, was baked on a board set on
edge before the fire ; ash-cake was biscuit dough
baked in hot embers; squashes, potatoes and eggs
were often cooked the same way. Plums, wild
grapes, gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries, dew-
berries grew in the woods. These were gathered,
dried, and stored away for winter. Honey was
found in bee trees.
The first settlers were usually young married
people seeking to build up homes. Later the young
people had corn huskings, wood choppings, quiltings,
singing schools and spelling bees, where fun and in-
nocent pastimes were enjoyed. Sometimes there was
a dance, but it was the stately minuet, cotillion and
The life of the pioneers, while mainly quiet and
uneventful, cannot all be painted in roseate hues, for
life everywhere has its sorrows and its tragedies.
Now and then a man, while felling trees, would be
killed by a tree falling upon him. Both men and
boys occasionally shot themselves, accidentally, while
hunting. Sometimes a boy Avould get lost while
hunting the cows in the dense woods, where mos-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
quitoes swarmed. These happenings called forth the
strongest sympathies and ready help of neighbors.
Money was scarce and interest was sometimes as
high as twenty percent. This caused people to resort
to barter in exchange for commodities and for work.
A man's wages was estimated at thirty-seven and a
half cents per day. Housework from two to three
"bits" per week.
Hogs, cattle and turkeys were driven to market
in Cincinnati. Wheat and all kinds of country pro-
duce were hauled to the same market. Wheat sold for
thirty-seven and a half cents a bushel, corn ten cents
per bushel. Hogs sold for from one dollar to one
dollar and a half per head. Eggs brought from two to
three cents per dozen, butter three cents per pound,
hens fifty cents per dozen. Good cows sold for from
eight to ten dollars. Horses sold for from twenty to
Postage on a letter from one state to another was
a "bit" (121/2 cents), more according to distance. The
recipient paid the postage. Much time was spent in
hunting. The bullets used were made, one at a time,
in hand molds. Squirrels were so numerous they
were a menace to the corn crop from the time it was
planted until used. Often a score or more were shot
on one tree and left on the ground. These were the
gray squirrel and were migratory. In the Fall they
moved southward in droves, eating the "mast"
(beech and other nuts) and the corn, from the hogs.
They swam the creeks and rivers in swarms. Farm-
ers organized and often shot as many as a thousand
a day. They are almost extinct now. No fox squir-
rels were seen in the county prior to 1842.
Several bears were killed in the western part of
8 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
the county in 1830. Bradford Norris shot one in
1834. Isom Webb shot one from his door. George
Thomas killed two.
For many years the passenger, or wild pigeons,
were so numerous they darkened the sky, when
flying, for long distances. When they were on the
ground feeding on beech nuts, the earth seemed to
be moving for more than an acre at a time. Where
they gathered to roost at night their weight broke
the limbs off the trees. They are now extinct. The
last one, named Martha, died in the Cincinnati Zoo
But few natural springs were found in the county
and well digging was a necessity. Many thrilling
stories were told of narrow escapes from death on
account of the "damps" (carbonic acid gas) found
in some wells. Live coals and fire-brands were
thrown in to drive out the gas.
There were no churches, but itinerant ministers
followed Indian trails and visited different localities.
When one of these arrived at a home a boy was
dispatched immediately to notify the neighbors that
there would be services in the home that evening.
These itinerants carried all the library they owned
with them, which was a well-worn Bible and some-
times a hymn book. If the people were not familiar
with the hymn the preacher "gave out" two lines;
when these were sung he pronounced two more lines.
They received little or nothing for their services.
Often, on Sunday, there would be a prayer meeting
and song service in some home, when the "congre-
gation" would remain for the noonday meal. On
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
these occasions the fellowship was beautiful. All
evening services were announced to begin at "early
candle light." There was a general handshaking
and much fervor while singing the final song.
In the absence of a minister and an undertaker
Christian burial was not neglected. In every com-
munity there was some man who acted in the ca-
pacity of the former, while sympathetic hearts and
friendly hands supplied the place of the latter. Reg-
ular funeral sermons were preached months after
burial when a minister came around.
Singing seemed to be a habit with the people.
They sang at their work and at social gatherings.
While traveling through the wilderness they sang
whether it was day or night. Yet few children were
taught to sing. A beautiful custom prevailed in some
neighborhoods, that of singing a hymn for the com-
fort of the dying. Many souls were wafted upward
on the wings of sacred song. The sentiment ex-
pressed in the following lines explains this custom :
''When one was called to leave us
And fly away to God,
We cheered him with our voices
While crossing Jordan's flood.
Then, with our friend departed
We seemed the earth to leave
And soaring up like seraphs
Forgot to weep and grieve."
There were no public burying grounds and the
dead were, usually, buried on farms. Unfortunately
nearly all these graves have become obliterated.
10 SKETCHES OE RUSH COUNTY
When more settlers arrived the need of a place
for public worship became necessary. A platform,
and plank seats, were provided on some generous
man's farm where services were held in summer.
Thus in Rush county, also, "the groves were God's
The highways were new and unimproved, which
made traveling difficult and slow. This required
many stopping places for emigrants and others.
These usually were the homes of the pioneers and
were called "Taverns." These taverns were regu-
lated by license. Many amusing, sometimes sad,
incidents were experienced by both proprietor and
guest. One of these taverns was kept by a Mr.
Beckner in Burlington, now Arlington. One evening,
a covered wagon, with emigrants, stopped for the
night. The wife kept crying all evening because she
was leaving her "good neighbors back in Ohio." To
comfort her, Mr. Beckner said, "Never mind, you
will find just such neighbors where you are going."
The next evening another emigrant family called for
entertainment. This wife kept up a tirade of abuse
about her ''mean neighbors she was leaving back in
Ohio." "Never mind," said Mr. Beckner, "you
will find just such neighbors where you are going."
When the public roads were somewhat improved
toll gates, with a pole across the road, were erected
where toll was charged to pay the expenses of the
road. These tolls were very annoying and later were
dispensed with and public taxation substituted.
Later there were guide posts at the forks of roads.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
A county "Poor Farm" was maintained for sev-
eral years seven miles northwest of Rushville, for
which one hundred and seventy acres had been pur-
chased in 1839. The dependent poor, it has been
said, were treated badly at this place. A new County
Asylum was located one and a half miles east of
Rushville in 1855 or 1856.
Rushville 's Beginning.
In December, 1820, William B. Laughlin built the
first dwelling on the north bank of Flatrock, a block
east of what was later the Carmichael mill site. lii
1821 he built a gristmill near by. A few more cabins,
a blacksmith shop and a chair factory formed a
nucleus for a town. On June 17, 1822, the County
Commissioners selected a site for the county seat.
They were Amaziah Morgan, Jehu Perkins and John
Julian. William B. Laughlin had donated twenty-
five acres and Zachariah Hodges forty-five acres to
secure the location.
Conrad Sailors was appointed County Agent and
ordered to survey the land donated, and lay off not
less than one hundred and fifty nor more than two
hundred lots, not including a central square on which
public buildings were to be built.
On July 29, 1822, lots were offered for sale. John
Smith bought the first lot just east of what is now
the Red Men's Hall. The streets were called India-
napolis, Connersville, Brookville and Knightstown
roads. The town was not incorporated until 1842.
In the town the houses were built flush with the
sidewalk, as it was called. This left room on the
lot, in the rear of the home, for a cow (that wore a
12 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
COW bell and browsed in the woods through the day)
a garden and chickens. The latter often caused
trouble among neighbors.
Tea parties were enjoyed by the young girls,
later a ride in the omnibus about town was a treat
for them with their gentlemen friends. The arrival
of the stagecoach from Cincinnati attracted much
attention. During the cholera panic of 1833, when
people were fleeing from the cities, the arrival of
the stage, with its load of refugees, was greatly
feared by the people.
The first paper published in Rush County was
the "Dog Fennel Gazette," about ten by twelve
inches in size. Its editor and proprietor was Wil-
liam D. M. Wicksham, an original genius. It was
printed on the top of a large sycamore stump. A
pole inserted in a mortise in a tree was used for a
lever. The first number was issued late in 1822,
or early in 1823. When his press was improved, he
called it "Wickham's Velocity Press."
The next paper was called "The Rushville Her-
ald" and was edited by Samuel Davis and Thomas
Wallace. This was followed by the "Rushville
Whig." The latter published "Rip Van Winkle"
as a serial. Three papers, the Republican, Jack-
sonian and American, now supply the local news.
Other papers are published in the county.
A general store was kept by Joseph Hamil-
ton, in what is now the Grand Hotel. Harvey W.
Carr had a store, saddle and harness shop and dwell-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 13
ing in a brick building on the corner where the
-Peoples' Bank now stands. Thomas Worster had
a store and dwelling next door north. Hibben and
Flinn, Carmiehael and Rush also had stores. All of
them sold goods on Christmas time. Henry McCom-
us, Jack Stevens clerk, had a store at Marcellus.
The greatest curiosities in town were a wolf, a
lone negro and a hairless Mexican dog.
Dr. Kipper was the first physician to locate in
the county. Dr. H. G. Sexton came in 1822. Dr.
Frame came soon after. "Fever and ague" was the
principal disease they had to contend with. It was
caused by malaria induced by the swampy condi-
tion of the country, or swamp mosquito.
A medical society was organized in 1846, com-
posed of doctors H. G. Sexton, William H. Martin,
William Frame, William Bracken, John Howland
and Jefferson Helm.
Some of the prominent lawyers were Wick, Mor-
ris, Eggleston, Test and others. Later George
Brown Tingley, a very brilliant man, was admitted
to the bar. He removed to California in 1849. Soon
after his arrival in Sacramento, he was nominated
and later elected to the Legislature, where he formu-
lated nearly all the early laws of that state. The
first dispatch sent over the first telegraph line to
the Pacific coast announced his death.
Circuit court was organized April 4, 1822, at the
14 SKETCHES OF RUS H COUNTY
home of Stephen Sims, on what is known as the
Henry Giiffin, later the Aaron Frazee farm, in Circle-
ville — Hon. William W. Wick presiding judge ; John
Hays, sheriff. The latter became insane soon after,
wandered to Hancock county, was placed in jail, set
fire to the jail, and was consumed with it.
For a term of court the prosecutor received five
dollars, the constable one dollar and fifty cents,
grand jurors seventy-five cents per day. Benjamin
Sailors was allowed $25 for listing the property,
which was the first allowance made out of the treas-
ury of Rush county. Eyland T, Brown took the
first census. Peter Looney served on the first grand
The second term of court was held October, 1822.
Edward I. Swanson was foreman of this grand jury.
Eleven years later he was executed for murder.
April 24, 1823. The first man naturalized in the
county was Aaron Anderson, an Irishman. Isaac
Arnold applied five years later.
At the November term of court, 1822, the con-
tract w^as let for a jail. It was the first public build-
ing erected in the county. It was two stories high,
built of large hewn logs. The upper story had two
rooms, one for women, the other for debtors. There
was a trap door in this floor through which prisoners
were sent down into the room on the first floor. An
outside stairway led to the upper floor.
The first court house was built in 1823. It was
a two story brick, forty feet square, with walls
twentj^-two inches thick. The first floor was also of
brick. It cost about $2,500. The second court house
was built in 1847-48. It was also of brick, fifty by
eighty feet, two stories high, and cost $12,000. The
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 15
present court house was completed and accepted
February 2, 1898. The final cost, $257,385.38.
The first murder trial was that of Alexander
Young for the murder of John Points, who was elop-
ing with Young's daughter. It is said that Young
never smiled again. Some authorities say he was
acquitted, others that he was sentenced for one year
and then pardoned. Young's daughter was insane
for thirty years, oblivious to everything but the
memory of July, 1827.
The second trial was that of Edward I. Swanson
for the murder of Elisha Clark, on October 4th, 1828,
at a militia muster on the farm of Dr. John Arnold,
four miles east of Rushville. At this muster an elec-
tion was held for captain of militia. Clark and
Swanson were opposing candidates for the place.
The former was elected. As usual, the successful
candidate treated the voters to a drink of whiskey.
Swanson drank from the bottle as it was passed
around and the men all departed for their homes,
except a few.
A feud had existed between Clark and Swanson
for some time and while the latter Avas smarting
under his defeat he heard Clark's friends congratu-
lating him on his "large majority," and also heard
Clark's reply, "I have but one enemy." This
angered Swanson, and he raised his gun, behind the
men, and shot Clark.
Louis Clark and Richard Blacklidge sprang upon
Swanson, but in an instant Mrs. Swanson (a woman
of Herculean strength) her daughter, and a Mrs.
Crusan rushed to his rescue and Swanson fled.
16 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Three weeks later he was discovered by a Mr.
Washam asleep behind a big log in his clearing near
Williams Creek, on the Connersville road. Wash-
am and two other men procured a rope and stealing
up on the sleeping man they secured his gun and
then him. Swanson merely remarked, "I've slept
Mr. Washam brought the captured man to Rush-
ville and received the reward of fifty dollars which
had been offered for his capture. Swanson lay in
jail five months.
On April 9, 1829, he was brought out for trial,
which was begun and finished on the first day. The
prosecution was conducted by William W. Wick and
James Whitcomb, and the defense by Charles H.
Test. William Bussell was sheriff.
The next day, April 10th, the jury was charged
and sent out to deliberate. They shortly returned
with a verdict of "guilty" and Judge Bethr.el Mor-
ris sentenced him to be hanged May 11, 1829, just
thirty days after sentence had been passed.
Swanson became despondent and desired to hear
a sermon preached. Rev. James Havens, of the
M. E. church, granted his wish and preached to him,
using the words of Job in Jiis affliction, "I know
that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at
the latter day upon the earth."
Swanson had a morbid dread of his body falling
into the hands of doctors for dissection. Therefore
he requested his neighbor, David Looney, to take
charge of it, and bury it in what should always be
an unknown grave.
On the appointed day, Mr. Looney drove to town.
After putting the rude coffin in his wagon, he drove
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 17
to the jail for the condemned man and from there
to the scaffold, which stood on the hill, in the alley
between Main and Morgan streets, in the rear of the
residence of the late Dr. Pugh.
The county mounted militia, with muffled drum,
marched from the jail to the scaffold. Swanson saw
no sympathetic face in the throng about him and no
one to sing to comfort him in his last hour. Sitting
on his coffin, in the wagon, he began singing for
himself what was afterward known as
Swanson 's Death Song.
There is a land of pleasure.
Where streams of joy forever roll,
'Tis there I have my treasure
And there I hope to rest my soul.
Long darkness dwelt around me.
With scarcely once a cheering ray.
But since my Savior found me
A light has shown along my way.
My way is full of danger,
But 'tis the path that leads to God,
And like a faithful soldier
I'll bravely march along the road.
Jordan's waves shall not affright me,
'Tho they're deeper than the grave,
If Jesus stand beside me
I'll rise upon the rolling wave.
Swanson claimed to be converted and believed
if he gave his life for the life he had taken, that
would atone for his rash act and he Avould be for-
SKETCHES OF EUSH COUNTY
given. His last words were, "I know my Redeemer
William Pearsey, a member of the light horse-
men (mounted militia on white horses, whose duty
was to attend all public hangings and form a hollow
square around the scaffold) believed he expressed
the feeling, at the last moment, of the members of
the militia that they would gladly have fallen back,
if they could have done so, and permitted Swanson
to escape. He had been respected and had filled
several minor offices of trust.
Mrs. Susan M. Tingley, widow of the late B.
Frank Tingley, and step-daughter of William Pear-
sey, is perhaps the only one now living who remem-
bers seeing Swanson as he was brought down the
jail steps on the day of his execution, although
there was an immense crowd present.
All executions were public in those days, on a
hill where they could be seen, and attracted all
classes. Two men walked barefoot from Clarksburg,
Decatur county, to see Swanson hung. Parents
brought their children to see what they conceived
to be an impressive object lesson. This was the only
l^ublic execution in Rush county.
When the execution was over the body was
placed in the rude coffin and given into the care of
David Looney, who drove with it to his home on the
south side of the Connersville pike, just east of what
is now Farmington. His brother, John Looney, lived
on the corner of what is now Farmington, and his
brother-in-law, James Wiley, lived east of him
(David Looney). These men took the coffin out of
the wagon and placed it on a sled and hid it. In
the night they went to a clearing east of David
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 19
Looney's house, where a large, forked tree had
fallen. They parted the branches between the forks,
raked the leaves away and in the fallen top of the
tree they dug the grave, then hitched a horse to the
sled and noiselessly drove to the grave. When the
grave was almost filled they placed a large number
of small sticks in it and larger ones at each end, then
filled up the grave and brushed the leaves back over
it, thus concealing it.
A few years later, the brothers, Looney, went
secretly and dug down until they found the sticks
as they had placed them and were assured that they
had successfully carried out a sacred trust, and that
the remains of a former friend and neighbor were
undisturbed and there in that field, somewhere, still
lies all that is mortal of Edward I. Swanson, and no
man knows the place of his sepulture, for those
men carried the secret with them to their graves.
David and John Looney now sleep in the Alger
graveyard northeast, and in sight of, the unknown
grave of Swanson. James Wiley moved to Zions-
ville, Ind., where he died and was buried.
The cost for the hanging of Swanson was : Bev-
erly R. Ward, five dollars for making a coffin ; Wil-
liam Bupelt, for rope, cap, shroud and gallows, ten
dollars, and David Looney two dollars for burying
him. Total cost for the execution and burial, seven-
teen dollars. Mrs. John Looney spun the flax thread
of which the rope was made that hung Swanson.
The true history of the burial of Edward I. Swan-
son, and the name of the three men who buried him,
also the circumstances of the same (but not the
place) are here given to the public for the first
20 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
George Looney, Sr., is the only survivor of those
three men, or their families. His father, John Loon-
ey, before his death, confided to him the circum-
stances connected with the burial (but not the place)
and who did it. From him the writer obtained the
The attitude of Swanson, in his last moments,
was regarded by some as that of indifference, by
others as that of resignation. Indeed, the whole
tragedy was viewed by different persons in different
The annual election was held on the second Tues-
day in August. All voters came to the county seat
to vote. Several men would get drunk on this occas-
ion and fights were frequent, and were seldom
interfered with. One of these fighters was John
Pentecost, a large, pugilistic man who lived in the
western part of the county. He was careful, when
drinking, to select some man who was physically
weaker than himself. On one occasion he whipped
a good, unoffensive neighbor of his. The next Sun-
day, the circuit rider filled his appointment near
them. As he usually did the minister called on this
good brother to pray, which he did. In it he ex-
claimed, ''0 Lord, send us a pentecost," then re-
membering his bruises he added "but not John
Whiskey was used freely in those days at mus-
ters, elections, horse races, shooting matches, etc. It
was thought to be indispensable in the harvest field,
and was used by all who had wheat to cut. George
Thomas, of Walker Township, was the first man in
SKETCHES OF EUSH COUNTY 21
the county to banish it from the harvest field and
substitute a lunch. Alfred Thompson, of Blue Ridge,
was the next. His neighbors refused to help him
cut his wheat. His daughter left the summer school
in Brookville College, came home and drove her
Isaac Phipps taught a school in what is now
Noble Township, in 1829-21, before the county was
Dr. William B. Laughlin taught the first school
in Eushville, in 1822, in a log cabin where the Red
Men's Hall is now located. Among the pupils at
that school were David A. Crawford, Matthias Par-
sons and James "Hog" Walker.
In 1828, Dr. Laughlin opened a classical academy
in his own building for teaching the higher branches
of education, which he taught for several years.
John Arnold was a pupil. B. F. Reeve and his
pupil, Elijah Hackleman, were among the earliest
teachers in the eastern part of the county. The
former taught for sixteen years.
In the country districts neighbors volunteered to
build the first school houses. They were built of
logs, like the cabins, with a very large fireplace. The
furniture was, often, rail benches placed around
the wall. The schoolmaster was frequently illiter-
ate and cruel. These were the times of ''lickin' and
larnin'." There were summer and winter schools,
with eight hours a day for study, with no intermis-
sion, except the noon hour. Boys and girls recited
in separate classes, or more frequently alone, as
there were seldom two books alike in the school,
22 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
except the spelling book. They also played on sep-
arate playgrounds. Some of these schools were
called "loud" schools, because the pupils studied
some of their lessons aloud. (The louder the bet-
Poor children sometimes brought a wooden pad-
dle to school with the alphabet pasted on it. A pro-
gressive teacher would make small wooden blocks
and paste the letters on them and have the children
hunt them out.
Spelling was thoroughly taught from Webster's
spelling book. The first reader had selections from
Percival, Barbould and like authors. They were
more difficult to read, and harder to understand than
the fourth and fifth readers of the present time.
The teacher wrote sentences in copy books for
pupils to imitate with a goose quill pen, which the
teacher made. Arithmetic was taught by some
teachers, stating a problem on a slate for the pupil
In the country, schoolhouses were few and far
between. Children followed *blazed trees through
the wilderness, mud and swamps from their homes
The first school in Walker township was taught
by Reuben Heflin, in the old log Baptist church
southeast of what is now Homer. Enoch Goodwin
taught in the same house when Joseph Cotton and
M. B. Hopkins attended. It is related of these boys
that when the teacher went home to dinner they
would mount the pulpit and declare their tongues
* White men learned to "blaze" trees from the Indians.
This consisted in cutting some bark from each side of the trees
for guides through the woods.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 23
should make them a living or they would dispense
with them. The former became a prominent minis-
ter in the Methodist Episcopal church, while the lat-
ter became equally prominent as a minister in the
James Remington was among the earliest teach-
ers in this township. He was a terror to evil doers.
The usual contract was made with James Alex-
ander April 8, 1842, to teach a school in this town-
ship, for which he was to receive $1.50 per scholar
for three months or "its equivalent in corn, wheat,
oats, flax, goose feathers or other merchandise to
A ]Mr. Rawlings taught in Union township in an
early day. The first morning he asked the children
their names, also what the five senses were. When
none could answer the question, he whipped all of
them, then told them they were "seeing" etc., then
assured them they would never forget them. It is
said they never did.
A Miss Lazure was the first female teacher in Rush-
ville. Her pupils had to sit, like statues, eight hours
Miss Lydia Rawlings, whose father taught in
Union township, followed her a few years later.
Afterwards she taught in Walker township.
At Christmas time, in' the country, the boys
would repair to the school house very early to bar
out the teacher until he would agree to treat the
school to apples and candy.
It is related of B. F. Reeve that he went, one
Christmas morning, to his school house before day-
light. When the bovs came a little later he told
24 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
them he was glad to see them so early and they
might take their seats and begin studying at once.
In the summer of 1842, Edgar Eden taught in
Walker township, east of the old log Baptist church.
He was succeeded the next winter by his brother,
John R., who afterward removed to Illinois and was
a member of Congress from Sullivan county for six-
AYoman's sphere was very limited. She seldom
engaged in business, and many years elapsed before
she taught school. She was not supposed to own
any property in her own name. All she inherited
was claimed, and often sold, by her husband or
guardian, because she would "not know what to do
Fathers willed their land to their sons for the
same reason. Men sat on one side of the church
and the women on the other.
Women, being the "weaker sex," were not sup-
posed to be mentally capable of acquiring an edu-
cation, therefore girls were not admitted to schools
of higher learning. A half-century has scarcely
elapsed since the barriers have been removed and
both sexes have been admitted on equal terms.
Sarah Morrison was the first woman to gradu-
ate from what is now our state university. Jennie
Laughlin was the first to receive a diploma from
what is now Butler College. These girls braved the
opposition of both students and professors. They
had to answer the hardest questions and solve the
In 1844, Rev. D. M. Stewart secured female teach-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 25
ers from the East. The Misses Carrie and Lydia
Warner came and taught in the basement of tlie
Presbyterian church, now Red Men's Hall. The lat-
ter became the wife of Leonidas Sexton.
The Landon sisters succeeded the Misses Warner.
Nelle became the wife of Dr. W. M. Martin. Jennie
married Norval Cox. The Moreley sisters taught
in the seminary. Harriet became the wife of Wil-
liam H. Smith. The Cramer sisters followed. Lu-
cretia became the second wife of Dr. H. G. Sexton.
All of these were eastern ladies.
William Thrasher taught in the basement of the
Christian church, cor. Second and Morgan Sts. Later
he was Professor of Mathematics in Butler College.
He was succeeded by Amzi Atwater, who soon after
became a professor in our state university.
An academy was conducted at Richland, under
the direction of the United Presbyterians. At
Carthage, a school was managed by the Friends.
Flatrock Seminary, in Noble township, was founded
by members of the Christian church.
In 1847, George Campbell, one of the best edu-
cated pioneer ministers of the Christian church, tried
to establish a school for higher learning in Rush-
ville. Meeting with little encouragement from the
citizens of the town, he rented what had been a
tavern in Marcellus (now Farmington, and owned by
George Looney, Sr.) The first pupils to enroll
were W. W. Thomas and Cyrus Mull, of Walker
township. These were followed by W. W. Arnold,
Alice and Lizzie Helm, Louis Wiles, P. W. Rush,
and others. Ho conducted this school verv success-
26 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
fully for two years. So many students were apply-
ing for admission that he again turned to his friend,
George Thomas, for advice and was told to ''tear
down and build greater," and being given financial
aid and encouragement he began, at once, to canvass
Rush and Fayette counties for funds, assisted by
Henry Pritchard and others, to build an academy
at Fairview, on the line between the two counties.
The building was completed and school opened
December 1, 1849. Allen R. Benton, a recent gradu-
ate of Bethany College, Va., Avas chosen President ;
S. K. Hoshour, a scholarly man, versed in seven
languages, from Philadelphia, first assistant, and
George Campbell second assistant. These men were
all ministers in the Christian church. After a few
years of phenomenal success, the school became in-
adequate to meet the demands made upon it. Then
its successor, the N. W. C. University, (now Butler
College) was established at Indianapolis. In 1854,
Profs. Benton and Hoshour were transferred there.
Among the first provisions of the new state was
the setting aside of one section in sixteen for school
purposes. Several years seem to have elapsed before
an income from this source was available. Yet this
was the foundation from which has come our present
public school system, which is equalled by few and
surpassed by none.
In 1841, the County Commissioners appointed
school trustees who purchased two lots on the south-
west corner of Third and Julian streets and erected
thereon a brick building thirty-three by fifty-three
feet, two stories high. At first, only the common
school branches were taught for which tuition was
paid. The building and ground were paid for by
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 27
money derived from sale of school lands, fines, etc.
In 1852, the legislature directed the sale of all
seminar}^ property (which foreshadowed the present
school system). The one in Rushville was bought,
in 1853, by the school trustees for the town corpora-
tion, for $2,500.
*In the fall of 1853,'^ George A. Chase, an eastern
man, was employed to teach in this building. This
was the first public, also the first graded school
taught in Rushville. Thomas A. Gelpin, Mrs. George
A. Chase, and Mrs. Mary A. Looney taught in the
This school was well attended. Of the forty girls
in the high school, ''who upon the playground met,"
the writer only remains in Rushville. Gertrude
(Robinson) Hibben, of Indianapolis, and Laura A.
(Wolfe) Oglesby, of Lebanon, 0., are the other sur-
vivors. The next year the school board returned to
the old method of the subscription schools. In Sep-
tember, 1866, the seminary was sold to Thomas Pugh
for $1,950. Then began the era of our public school
Milton B. Hopkins returned from Cincinnati and
organized a graded school, assisted by his wife, at
Pleasant Ridge (Goddards) Walker township, in
1857-8. This is supposed to have been the first grad-
ed school taught in the country.
Professor David Graham began teaching in Rush-
ville in what was then the new school building,
October 4, 1869. He continued to be superintendent
until 1882, when he resigned. Rebecca A. Moffett
was principal until her death, June 20, 1886. This
* In this same year the free school was opened in In-
28 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
school building burned and a new one was built and
named in honor of Professor David Graham.
Professor Andrew Graham taught in the Rush-
ville Academy in 1891-92, when he resigned to
become superintendent of the Soldiers' and Sailors'
Orphans' Home, at Knightstown Springs. The
Academy burned in 1894.
William S. Hall, father of our Ex-Lieutenant
Governor, Frank J. Hall, was the first school official
in the United States to consolidate the township
schools. He abandoned five school houses and erect-
ed a central school building at Raleigh, in which a
graded school was opened in 1877. Rush county now
has eleven graded high school buildings, three com-
missioned and five certified schools.
Few of the early settlers used the dialect lan-
guage attributed to them. There were many men
and women of refined natures and high ideals who
represented the best things in human life. Many
of them came from good families in older states and
were ambitious and enterprising and laid the founda-
tion for our present prosperity. They left influences
on their generation that have lived after them.
We will now go back to the early days and tell
of the erection of church buildings and the organiz-
ing of congregations in the county. The first to
preach to the pioneers were the Methodist and Bap-
tist itinerants. The latter built the first church in
the county at Little Flatrock, also the first brick
church in Rushville, southeast of the court house.
A claim has been made that a Christian church
was organized at the home of John Morris, in Noble
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 29
township, in 1820, and then transferred to Orange,
Fayette County. Elder John P. Thompson organ-
ized the Baptist church in April, 1821, at Little Flat-
rock. Soon after he became identified with the Dis-
ciple, or Christian church, and nearly all of his con-
gregation went with him. This is claimed to be the
first permanently organized Christian church in the
slate. There are now seventeen in this county.
John 'Kane organized the first Christian church in
Rushville in August, 1841. The country churches at
Concord and Pisgah united with the church in Rush-
ville at that time.
J. F. Crowe organized a Presbyterian church in
Rushville, January 25, 1825. The first regular pas-
tor, Thomas Barr, lived in a hewed log house on a
knoll west of the J. D. Case planing mill. He died
in 1835 and was buried in the lower graveyard.
Years afterward, his remains were removed to East
Hill Cemetery and buried near those of the Rev. G.
The United Presbyterian church was organized
at Bethseda, now Milroy, November 18, 1828. J. N.
Presley was pastor from 1838-51. N. C. McDill was
ordained and installed pastor of Richland and Mil-
roy Nov. 23, '52. He resigned the latter in '59 and
retained the former until his death, March 1, 1903.
The church at Vienna, now Glenwood, was organ-
ized September 11, 1847; the one in Rushville, Octo-
ber 1, 1879.
In 1824, Rev. John Strange was assigned to the
Madison circuit of the M. E. church, which included
the southern half of the state, to which Rush county
belonged. He visited this county several times. It
is related of him that his name was Strange and that
30 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
he Avas a strange man. When riding through the
forest he liked to sing, "No foot of land do I pos-
sess; no cottage in the wilderness." When leaving
a wealthy friend near Vincennes, the friend present-
ed him with a deed to eighty acres of land. Rev.
Strange started away on his horse, but soon began
singing, "No foot of land — " then remembering the
deed he returned to his friend saying, "Here, take
back this deed, I would rather sing my favorite
song than to own all the land you possess." The
friend, later, gave the deed to Mrs. Strange. His
zeal knew no bounds. Now and then an admirer of
his unselfish life seeks for his grave in a neglected
graveyard to lay a tribute of flowers on it
Rev. James Havens, when a circuit rider,
preached in Rushville as early as 1821. He removed
to Rushville in 1824, at the age of thirty-three years,
where he lived until his death, Nov. 4, 1864. His
motto was, "Let brotherly love continue."
About 1821 or 1822, a company of North Caro-
lina Friends came to the county. They erected a log
church at Walnut Ridge, near Carthage. They op-
posed slavery and were staunch advocates of educa-
Father Henry Peters organized a Catholic church
in Rushville in 1853, with eight families. They now
have a large church, a beautiful residence for the
priest, and a parochial school and a home for the
Sisters. There is a Wesleyan church at Carthage,
Methodist Protestant church at New Salem, a Chris-
tian Union at Homer, and one at Blue Ridge. The
United Brethren have a church at Hopewell. There
are three colored churches in the countv. Nearlv all
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 31
these churches have Sunday schools, missionary and
Moscow and vicinity has sent more native sons
into the ministry than any other locality in the
county. The Methodist church has been represented
from there by the Eevis's, Sculls, Robert McDuffey,
Joseph Cotton, M. B. Hyde and the Machlins; the
Christian church by three. M. B. Hopkins became
prominent as a preacher and lawyer and was twice
elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Knowles Shaw became the most noted evangelist
of his time. He had but little instruction in either
vocal or instrumental music, yet he could sing and
play a piece of music at sight. He composed words
and music for many songs. One of the best known
is ''Bringing in the Sheaves" which is now sung in
several languages. His last words were: "It is a
grand thing to rally people to the cross."
Austin Hudson went to Illinois, where he did a
good work in the ministry.
The three last mentioned were poor orphan boys
who made their way to prominence and usefulness.
There are now fifty-six church buildings in the
Judith Henly is supposed to have organized, at
Carthage, the first Sunday school in the county.
Early in the 40 's. Rev. D. M. Stewart organized the
first Sunday school in Rushville. George Thomas, of
Homer, organized, and for many years superintend-
ed, the first Sunday school in the country. The early
Sunday schools were supplied with Sunday school
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
There were four ministers in the former days of
Rush county who left impressions on the lives of the
people that will never die. They were the Revs. N.
C. McDill, of the United Presbyterian church ; James
Havens, of the Methodist church ; John 'Kane, of
the Christian church, and D. M. Stewart, of the
Presbyterian church. They were zealous and sincere
in what they believed and labored unceasingly for
the upbuilding of the community. They were digni-
fied in manner and their preaching was of a high
order. We have listened to all of them and felt
benefited by what they said.
One sultry Saturday evening, Father Havens, as
he was called in his later days, preached in the
northwest room in the basement of the then unfin-
ished, but now the old M. E. church, to a small audi-
ence. He seemed to forget the heat and the few
people before him.
His pioneer camp-meeting days were past and he
was now in the beautiful calm of life's evening. As
he preached on "The Church Militant and the
Church Triumphant, or the Church Military and the
Church Victorious," he seemed inspired.
A county orphanage was maintained for a few
years where the Moore greenhouses are now.
On Feb. 7, 1888, the county commissioners pur-
chased a site for a County Orphans' Home from
John F. Moses, one mile north of Rushville, and
erected suitable buildings.
In 1890 the Commissioners decided to consolidate
the Rush County Home with that of Henry County
at Spiceland and the children were removed there.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 33
On July 13, 1901, the Commissioners sold the site to
Amos Blacklidge, who remodeled the residence. It
is now known as Hill View Farm.
Politics caused intense partisanship and many
friendships were broken in the radical discussions of
the time. Candidates for minor offices usually nomi-
The Gen. William Henry Harrison campaign, of
1840, excelled all others in enthusiasm and excite-
ment. His success in subduing the Indians, at the
battle of Tippecanoe, had stirred the whole nation.
Indiana was the storm center of political activity
during the canvass.
Long processions drove from one town to another,
for rallies, in which the whole Whig population
seemed to join. Glee Clubs sang songs about "Tip-
pecanoe and Tyler, too" until they made the welkin
Young ladies, dressed in white, with evergreen
wreaths on their heads and flags in their hands, rode
in great canoes. Gen. Harrison was called "Old
Tip" and the name "canoe" was an abbreviation
of Tip-e-canoe. These canoes were made from
large trees and were sometimes forty feet long,
made from logs, put on log wagon wheels, in
which a "Goddess of Liberty" stood under an
arch of cedar boughs. They were almost as dem-
onstrative as the young men. There were one or
more log cabins in the processions, also on wheels,
(like the canoes) in which a woman sat at a small
spinning wheel while strips of dried pumpkin and
strings of dried apple hung overhead. Several 'coon
34 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
skins ornamented the outside walls. There was a
pole on the top of the cabin with a racoon tied at
the base while a live (Democrat) rooster was tied
on a small platform at the top. I am sorry to say
that when the speaking was over the hungry 'coon
was permitted to climb the pole and make the feath-
P. A. Hackleman was editor of the Rushville
"Whig and John L. Robinson of the Rushville Jack-
sonian. They were radical and forceful writers.
Uriah Thomas and Sanford H. Hilligoss, of Walk-
er Township, cast the first Freesoil votes in the
county. They were severely criticized and roundly
abused by their Whig neighbors for ''losing" their
votes. They would reply, "No, we have planted
them and they will grow." This was the beginning
of the Abolition movement in the county. These two
men were good singers and went about singing their
Abolition songs and making converts until they saw
the ushering in of the Republican party in 1856.
These two men lived to see, also, the final abolition
A great change had taken place in regard to slav-
ery. When Indiana was admitted to the Union, in
1816, the census showed there were 1,090 colored
slaves in the state. In 1830, there yet remained three
of these, two of them in Rush county. Mrs. William
Wilson (grandmother of Rich and Dick Wilson) had
purchased them at her father's sale in Kentucky.
She brought them with her to this county. They
were called Lee and Jess. She paid $500 for one
and $700 for the other. In 1816, the owners of these
numerous slaves, and their sympathizers, came near
causing Indiana to be admitted to the Union as a
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 35
slave state. The excitement at the time was intense.
State, or what were called "wild cat" banks,
were so unreliable in 1847 that they greatly inter-
fered with the business of the country on account of
their numerous failures. Ofttimes bank notes sup-
posed to be good one day would prove worthless the
next. This caused a financial panic. The first State
Bank was established January 28, 1834.
The first bank in the county was the Rushville
branch of the State Bank organized in 1857, with
George Hibben, president ; W. C. McReynolds, cash-
ier; Joseph M. Oglesby, teller. It was reorganized
February 22, 1865, as a National Bank, with George
C. Clark, president; John B. Reeve, cashier. The
Rush County Bank was organized in 1857 as a pri-
vate bank, Leonidas Sexton, president. In 1871, it
became a National Bank. Leonidas Link has been
its president since 1884. The Farmers Bank opened
its doors for business August 19, 1891. Arthur B.
Irvin is president. The People's Bank was organ-
ized as a private bank in 1900 by the late Edwin
Payne. It was reorganized as a National bank in
1904. Earl H. Payne is president.
Rush county has four National banks, six State
banks, two trust companies, two building and loan
associations, with total assets of about $4,000,000.
When Reu Pugh was county treasurer in 1854,
he was sent to Shelbyville to borrow $2,000 for the
county. When he had secured the money, he placed
it in saddle bags, which he threw across his saddle.
The roads were almost impassable and night came
on when he was west of Manilla. For some time he
36 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
had realized that two highwaymen, also on horse-
back, were pursuing him. When near Goddard's tav-
ern, just east of Pleasant Ridge (Goddard's) church,
he urged his jaded horse to still greater speed. At
the tavern gate he turned in, where in the darkness
the men missed him. A few minutes later he was
relieved by hearing them pass on. Mr. Reu Pugh,
was one of the most enterprising citizens of Rush-
ville, always in the forefront of everything that
would advance the interests of the town.
Rush Qounty had a large number of soldiers of
the xVmerican Revolution within her borders. The
following is a list of persons drawing Revolutionary
pensions in Rush county, 1835. John Aldridge,
buried on Aldridge farm in Orange Tp. ; Aaron Car-
son, Samuel Caswell, Ebenezer Clark, Isaac Cox, Ben-
jamin Cruzan, Henry David, Isaac Duncan, Leonard
Edleman, Matthew Gregg, Daniel Grant, Jacob Hite,
John Hardy, Thomas James, James Lane, John Le-
gore, John Lewis, buried near Flatrock; William
Mauzy, buried at East Hill ; Henry Mezer, John
Pollock, Aaron Redman, John Riley, Henry Smith,
Michael Smith, William Smith (the Smiths were
buried at Pleasant Run graveyard) John Yarbrough,
John Finney, John Watson.
The following list drew pensions in Rush county
in 1840 :
Joel Berry, John Carson, Michael Smith (these
three lived in Noble township), Henry Smith, Rich-
land township ; James Fardice, Orange Township ;
John Robinson, Rushville township ; Mary Collins,
Posey township ; James Hunt, Jackson township ;
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 37
Henry David, Jackson township ; George Ishaw, Cen-
ter township; John Wyatt, Anderson township;
George Brown, Richland township, (grave marked
with government marker) ; Robert Caldwell, Concord
graveyard, grave marked with government marker;
Zephaniah Posey, Hopewell graveyard, Richland
township, (grave has government marker). James
Bromlee, John Lewis and Patrick Logan were buried
in Flatrock cemetery. David Peters was buried in
Goddard's graveyard. David Fleener, buried in
Hannegan graveyard. Thomas Cassady, buried in
Lower (Kelly) graveyard.
Many survivors of the war of 1812-14 located in
Rush county. Among the number were Benjamin
Norris, Cornelius W. Anderson, William Wilson,
Gabriel C. McDuffey and Daniel Thomas, who were
in the battle of the Thames, in Canada, October 5,
1813, where the famous Indian chief, Tecumseh, was
killed. William Wilson helped bury the chief.
In the Black Hawk War four men volunteered
from this county. They enlisted July 23, 1832.
The county was not in sympathy with the call for
troops for service in the Mexican war of 1846-47, and
were so slow in getting up a company that they were
not needed. Hon. George B. Tingley, Representative
from Rush county in the Legislature, and Capt.
Nehemiah Hayden, a Clerk of the House, decided
that the county should be represented in that war.
They resigned their positions and hastened to join
the troops rendezvoused near New Albany and were
soon on the way to the border. Mr. Tingley became
a Commissary, but went into the battle of Buena
Vista, fought February 23, 1847. The man on his
right was killed, the one on his left fell mortally
38 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
wounded, a bullet passed through his beard while
the rod of his muzzle-loading gun was shot in tv/o.
In this battle, the Mexicans, under Gen. Santa Ana,
numbered 23,000, while Gen. Taylor had but 4,759
When the Civil War of 1861 broke out, the state
had only 500 stand of small arms, and eight pieces
of cannon, which were practically useless, and not
a dollar available for war purposes. George Thomas,
of Homer, Representative in the General Assembly,
donated $2,000 to assist in providing blankets, etc.,
for the volunteers. Rush county furnished for the
war 2,395 soldiers, more than enough for two full
regiments. The county spent over a quarter million
dollars for bounties, etc., during the war.
The 22nd Battery (Captain, B. F. Denning) had
several Rush county men in it. It was mustered
December 15th, 1862. It threw the first shell into
Atlanta, was mustered out June 7, 1865, Capt. Den-
ning fell July 4, 1864, at the battle of Kanesaw
The 52nd Regt., Col. E. H. Wolfe, had many Rush
county men in it.
Co. D, 68th Ind. Regt., (Captain J. H. Mauzy)
was composed principally of Rush county volunteers,
was accepted for service August 19, 1862, was cap-
tured at Munfordsville, Ky., soon after, was paroled,
exchanged and returned to the front. This regiment
was regarded by Gen. Rosecrans as one of the best
in the service and he had it lead the march from Mur-
freesboro to Chickamauga. It participated in many
of the hardest battles. Edward A. King, of the
regular army, was its Colonel. He was well liked
by his men. He was killed while acting as Brigadier
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 39
in the second day's fight at Chickamauga. Johnny
Carr, son of Harvey W. Carr, of the 16th Ind. Bat-
tery, saw Col. King fall. He ran back when the
Union forces were temporarily retreating. Calling
for help, he secured the Colonel's body and brought
it out on a caisson in his own battery. This circum-
stance is recorded on the battery 's state monument,
When Gen. Grant ordered the valley around Chat-
anooga cleared of rebels, he went up on Orchard
Knob, within the city limits, with Generals Thomas
and Sherman, to observe the fight. The order was
successfully carried out. Then Samuel Bodine,
(color bearer and brother of the late Charles Bo-
dine) of Co. D, 68th Ind. Regt., called out ''Boys,
while we have them on the run let us keep them
going." Then giving a shout which was taken up
along the entire line, he sprang forward up the steep
ridge, when he was shot, Nov. 5, 1863. His remains
were sent home and were interred in East Hill cem-
etery. The army rushed on up the long ridge and
thus the battle of Mission Ridge was fought "with-
out orders." When Gen. Grant saw the army rush
forward, he turned to the other Generals and said,
"Nothing but victor j/ will save the leaders in this
from court martial.
The 16th Ind. Regt., Col. P. A. Hackleman, was
organized for one year's service, was mustered out
at Washington, D. C, May 14, 1862.
It was re-organized May 17, 1862, for three years
service. After participating in many engagements
in the war, it was mustered out at New Orleans in
June, 1865. Rush county had three companies in
40 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Col. P. A. Hackleman was promoted to Brigadier
General. He was the only officer of the line from
our state to fall in the conflict. He was mortally
wounded at the battle of Corinth, Miss., Oct. 3, 1862.
His last words were: "I am dying, but 'tis for my
Lieut.-Col. Joel Wolfe fell at the battle of Rich-
mond, Ky., Aug. 30, 1862.
Company M. of the 121st Regiment was entirely
from Rush county. In the explosion of the steamer
Sultana, April 26, 1865, the company lost fifty-five
men. Others were made invalids for life by injuries
received and by remaining in the cold water for
hours before being rescued.
Company E, 123rd Regt., was wholly from Rush
county and w^as organized January 13, 1864. Wm.
A. Cullen was Lieut. Col. and Dr. J. H. Spurrier
In July, 1863, Governor Morton was notified that
a rebel force estimated at six thousand men, under
General John H. Morgan, had crossed the Ohio River
and were marching on Corydon, Indiana. The Gov-
ernor immediately issued a call for volunteers to
pursue the invaders. Within forty-eight hours,
sixty thousand men had tendered their services and
were accepted. The Rushville Home Guards were
among the number.
The Homer Home Guards, (Elias T. Hilligoss,
Captain) drilled almost night and day during the
raid, expecting hourly to be called into service.
Rushville and Rush county were completely iso-
lated during the raid — getting no news by either
mail or railroad train, the authorities having taken
possession of both. Telegraph lines that were not
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 4]
cut by Morgan's men were used by the pursuers.
The Rushville Home Guards were not heard from
during their absence.
The 104th Regt., under Col. James Gavin, num-
bered 714 men from Rush, Marion and Madison
It was organized within forty hours after Gov-
ernor Morton's call for minute men to repel Mor-
gan's raid. It was mustered out July 18, 1863.
The Indiana Legion was composed of Home
Guards during the Civil War. The drilling they
did fitted many for service in the field.
The Civil War was a great leveler in many ways,
especially among the different denominations. There
was a breaking up of the faith in old traditions of
religion. The people worked together in Soldiers'
Aid Societies, and in other ways that brought them
close together, which mutual sympathy intensified.
There were so many funeral services in memory
of those who fell in camp and on the battlefield that
people who had only attended the church to which
they belonged went to other churches in sympathy
with the sorrowing. At these services, near the close
of the war, more than half the women were arrayed
in ''the trappings and the suits of woe." During the
four years of the Civil War, Indiana supplied nearly
a quarter million soldiers.
Knightstown Springs are located near the north-
ern boundary of the county. For several years, a
hotel and bath houses were maintained there. The
fine mineral water attracted many visitors. Prof.
John Hare used the buildings in winter for a girls'
During the session of the Legislature in 1867 an
42 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
act was passed- making an appropriation for the
establishment of a Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans'
Home. The Knightstown Springs, with several acres
of ground, were selected by the state for this pur-
pose. The buildings were then on the west side of
the turnpike. A temporary hospital was built near
there to which the state brought (in June, 1867) a
number of sick and wounded soldiers.
The corner stone for the main building was laid
on the east side of the road on July 4, 1867, with
appropriate ceremonies. Acting Governor Conrad
Baker and many other civil and military officers
were present. The people in attendance that day
were estimated at five thousand. Lincoln Hall is
used for Sunday school, church, lecture and school
purposes. A two story hospital is located on the
opposite side of the grounds.
Rush county sent one hundred and sixty men to
the Spanish-Cuban war, June 30, 1898. They became
Co. H, 161st Indiana, James M. Gwinn, Capt. ; Geo.
H. Caldwell, Lieut. Many of them went to the Phil-
ippines, where they saw service.
Thomas A. Hendricks, Sr., was the first Repre-
sentative from what is now Rush county, in the State
Legislature, when it met in the Marion county court
house. A few others names follow: Amaziah Mor-
gan, Charles H. Test, Adam Conde, Samuel Bigger,
Dr. William Frame, B. F. Reeve, Alfred Posey,
George B. Tingley, Thomas Worster, Dr. Jefferson
Helm, P. A. Hackleman, R. S. Cox, George Clark and
D. M. Stewart.
In 1861, E. H. M. Berry, Senator, and George
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 43
Thomas, Representative, in the General Assembly,
shared in the exciting scenes caused by the firing on
Ft. Sumpter. The following incident will illustrate
the intense excitement that prevailed. Horace Heff-
ron was a large, overbearing Democrat. Moody was
a small, black-eyed, firey Republican. They held
radically different views about voting appropriations
for the prosecution of the war and became bitter
enemies. The former challenged the latter to fight
a duel, which was promptly accepted. They repaired,
with their seconds, to a secluded place back of Cov-
ington, Kentucky, where their friends prevailed on
them to agree to a truce. Both these men later
became colonels in the Union army.
At the close of the called session of the Legisla-
ture, in April, '61, Mr. Thomas resigned, came home
and recruited volunteers for the 52nd Regiment, of
which E. H. Wolfe became Colonel. On account of
his age and ill health, Mr. Thomas returned from
camp. Gov. Morton always passed him to the front
whenever there was trouble there. When his son,
D. L. Thomas, was badly wounded at the battle
of Chickamauga, he hastened to Chattanooga and
telegraphed the Governor to have the Indiana
wounded transferred to their own state. The re-
quest was granted.
The first railroad in the state was built in 1846,
between Madison and Indianapolis. Soon after this
time, George Thomas, of Walker township, took a
wagon load of peaches to Madison. When he arrived
there, the market master ordered him to dump the
44 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
entire load into the river, because of the damaged
condition of a part of the fruit. On his way back he
crossed the tracks of the aforesaid railroad, whose
charter had been secured by his uncle. Col. John M.
Lee, Representative from Bartholomew county. He
then and there resolved to have a railroad to Rush-
ville. For three years, he labored for that end, meet-
ing with strong opposition on all sides. Mer-
chants said they had always "wagoned" their goods
from Cincinnati and that way was cheaper than
building a railroad. Doctors and lawyers feared a
great influx of professional men if we had a railroad.
Old Mr. N — thought the riff-raff of the cities would
be dumped on the town to demoralize the place.
Farmers said the train would kill their live stock,
which ran at large, and the locomotive would set fire
to their farms, which proved no myth, as the fuel
used in the engines was wood and the large, funnel-
shaped smokestacks had no wire screens over the top
to catch the sparks.
By continued persistence, and by donating the
right of way through two farms, subscribing $1,000,
also gratuitously grading a mile of the road, and sup-
plying oak ties and stringers for the same, Mr. Thom-
as finally succeeded in getting the railroad. He and
Jacob Mull, of Manilla, and Roland Carr, of Rush-
ville, gave their individual notes for $18,000 apiece,
to buy flat bar rails for the road when land was
worth only $20 and $25 per acre.
The first train on the road ran in from Shelby-
ville on September 10, 1850. A great crowd came to
town to see it arrive. One old lady exclaimed, look-
ing at the flat iron bars of the track, "Why, I
thought the cars would come in on runners."
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 45
These flat bars on oak stringers were not satis-
factory because the train ran off the track too fre-
The road bed was raised and the ''T" rails were
laid in the spring of 1860. Mr. George Thomas board-
ed seventeen men, free, three weeks during the re-
construction of the road.
An amusing incident occurred while the road was
being rebuilt. An Irishman, late from the "Green
Isle," was water carrier. While he was gone to a
neighboring house for water, the workmen stirred up
a very large yellowjackets nest. They hurried on
farther and were raising the old ties when Pat came
back and ran into the infuriated insects. He put the
bucket of water down and began picking them off,
saying, "Och, how the flies in Ameriky bite." Pres-
ently, he was saying, "Och, Och, Och," and making
scores of rapid gyrations. The other men, amid
roars of laughter, called to him to "come away."
He ran towards them and the "jackets" went too.
It took an hour to collect the men from the woods.
That part of the road bed was finished by starlight.
David C. Branam, of Madison, was General Su-
perintendent and a Mr. Robinson was construction
On May 12, 1860, a free excursion and hotel ac-
commodations, were given to three hundred invited
guests from Rushville and vicinity by the people of
Madison. The train was run in two sections, one in
charge of David C. Branam and the other of his
brother, Hickman Branam.
On June 14, of the same year, Rushville returned
the compliment by entertaining a number of promin-
ent citizens of Madison.
46 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
When the train arrived in Rushville, Mr. Branam
invited other officials of the road to mount the engine
and tender (which was filled with wood for fuel) and
accompany him back to the home of Mr. Thomas to
honor him for his heroic and sacrificing interest in
securing the road.
Frank Ringel was the first conductor for several
years. T. J. Carr was his immediate successor.
Other railroads have been completed to Rushville
in the following order, viz., C. H. & D., Dec. 25, 1867 ;
Cambridge City, July 4, 1868; Greensburg, Sept.,
1881 ; New Castle, 1882 ; Anderson, 1887. A line of
the "underground" railroad for fugitive slaves ran
through this county in the days of slavery.
The I. & C. traction line was completed to Rush-
ville, June 29, 1905. The power house for this line
is located in East Rushville. It runs cars to India-
napolis, Shelbyville, Greensburg and Connersville.
Electricians from several foreign countries, as well as
from other parts of our own, have visited the plant
to study its construction and operation.
Prior to 1881 Rushville depended on a "bucket
brigade." In that year a steam fire engine was
purchased at a cost of $4,300. A Gamewell fire alarm
was contracted for Nov. 9, 1891.
Natural gas was discovered at Carthage in Sep-
tember, 1887. Later, it was piped to Rushville.
Since then, the Rushville Natural Gas Company, the
People's, the Central Fuel, and the Rushville Supply
Company have tapped different fields and their pipe
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 47
lines furnish an ample supply for domestic use.
There are scores of producing private wells in the
Rushville has an automatic telephone system that
has attracted investigation from other countries as
well as from many parts of our own.
The down town district has cluster, or pedestal,
The first county fair was held September, 1851,
in a woods pasture where the Greensburg (Big 4)
railroad station is located. But little stock or any-
thing else was entered. A buffalo, several deer, a
few horses and other live stock were the principal
attractions. P. A. Hackleman was secretary. The
two next years, 1852-3, the fairs were held northwest
of the J. D. Case planing mills.
A permanent organization was formed and land
bought east of Rushville, in 1854, where some of the
best county fairs in the state are held.
John Gray was among the earliest breeders. In
1835, he brought "Old Alec" from Kentucky. His
son, William Gray, continued to keep fine horses.
He bought ''Tom Hal" from John Shawhan, a
famous horse. His son, John T. Gray, introduced
the Hambletonian horses.
Rush county is indebted to James AVilson for the
introduction of the "Blue Bull" horses. These
horses have been at the head of all trotting horses —
without a noted ancestral line they have become
famous. The fame of the sire of these horses was
48 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNlx
known in several states. When he died, Mr. Wilson
had a fine marble monument erected over him.
Samp Wilson, son of James Wilson, was one of
the greatest drivers in the country. Blue Bull horses
sold for high prices. Mila C. sold for $10,000 (record
W. A. Jones was the owner of Elgin Boy and
Raven Boy. J. M. Amos owned Legal Tender, a
noted race horse.
John Shawhan, William S. Hall, and others
brought other fine horses to the county for which the
county is now famous.
John T. McMillin imported Norman horses from
France for several years.
From 1854 to 1856, Garrett Wycof¥, James and
Jonathan Caldwell, Isaac B, Loder and William S.
Hall imported high grade cattk from Kentucky.
In 1868, E. S. Frazee, George W. Thomas and
Thomas A. Cotton began to establish show herds of
Short Horn cattle. Others followed until the cattle
of the county were greatly improved.
Woodson ^Y. Thrasher, E. S. Frazee, George W.
Thomas, R. H. Phillips and Thomas A, Cotton assist-
ed in organizing the first Short Horn Breeder's As-
sociation. This was the first live stock association
organized in America.
In 1870, E. S. Frazee and George W. Thomas col-
lected individual herds that were prize winneirs. The
latter bred and sold the highest priced Short Horn
cow ever produced in the county, also realized the
highest average price in a public sale. These men
assisted in organizing the National Short Horn As-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 49
sociation. In 1890, they assisted in getting out the
Short Horn Herd Book. Mr. Thomas suggested the
special judge for fairs and was the first man to act
in that capacity.
The original registered Jersey cattle men were E.
W. Shrader and George W. Reeve, A. P. Walker
and John P. Boyd.
Jersey cattle are numerous now in the county.
Leonidas McDaniel and G. W. Mauzy introduced
Cotswold, South Down and Merino sheep.
Jeremiah Smith brought the first Poland China
hogs to the county. He was followed in the business
by Weir Cassady, George W. and D. L. Thomas and
John H. Bebout. Geo. W. Thomas bred ''Fred Doug-
lass," the hog that took grand sweepstakes at a St.
Louis Fair, the highest prize ever given to a hog.
This hog was the grand sire of ''Geo. Wilks" that
was at the head of John H. Bebout 's herd and made
Many other breeds of hogs are now owned in the
county. Corn and hogs are making the county at-
tractive to farmers and are bringing prosperity to all
lines of business. James Walker was among the
early drovers. He often had as many as two thou-
sand hogs in one drove. He became known as
"Hog" Walker. James Wilson, John Shawhan, Oli-
ver brothers and Jonathan Caldwell were prominent
drovers. The hogs were driven to Cincinnati, one
driver for each 100 hogs.
Fred A. Capp was the best known auctioneer of
50 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Rush county. He was genial and energetic. His
voice never failed or became hoarse. He was suc-
cessful in selling live stock, farming implements and
When the State's first Constitution was adopted
under the old elm at Corydon in 1816, provision was
made for libraries. When a new county was laid off
10 per cent was to be reserved from the sale of lots
for the foundation and maintenance of public librar-
ies. These libraries were to be kept in the seats of
justice and controlled by a library commission.
When the Capitol was removed to Indianapolis
in 1821, the Legislature made the library laws still
more confusing, resulting in little progress being
In the late 40 's Rushville had a small library,
presumably supported by the 10 per cent, levy afore-
said. If so, it was the first money derived from that
About 1850 the Legislature passed a law provid-
ing for Township Libraries. Prof. W. C. Larabee,
of Greencastle, went East and purchased books for
every township in the state. The books were uni-
formly in sheep binding, although but few of them
were regarded as standard works. These books were
placed in local stores in the various townships. The
proprietor received little instruction or adequate
pay for the care of the books and they were soon
Later there was a small library in Rushville
known as the Mechanics' Library.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
The first graveyards were small and were made
on farms and were used for the family and near
friends. The first neighborhood burial ground was,
probably the Lower later called the Kelly graveyard
south of Rushville. These were succeeded by others
usually located near a church. The upper and lower
graveyards were used by citizens of Rushville and
vicinity until 1859, when nineteen acres were pur-
chased east of Rushville, platted and named East
Hill Cemetery. In one generation the lots have been
sold and twenty more acres have been added. An
archway, chapel and receiving vaults have been
Joel Wolfe G. A. R. Post has erected a monument
in this cemetery to the memory of their deceased
comrades at a cost of $1,350 and it is the only sol-
diers' monument in the state erected by a Grand
Calvary Cemetery, northeast of town, is owned
by Catholics and is being improved each year.
Mound Builders once occupied the county. One
mound is west of the ''Arnold Home." There are
remains of others northwest of Rushville (one cov-
ered about ten acres) and in other places in the
county as well.
A small stream on the Alexander farm northwest
of Rushville is called "Moccasin" because so many
Indian moccasins, or shoes, were found along its
once marshy borders where the Indians had been
trapping. Many Indian flint arrow heads have been
52 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
found in the same locality. Arrow heads have been
found all over the county. This indicates that In-
dians were once numerous in the county.
Three-fourths of the state was held by Indians
when the Constitution was adopted, but none of
them were building mounds, thus proving a pre-
The first public roads in the county had many
stumps in them. Logs and brush were piled up on
either side of the road. Small logs and brush were
laid across the road in marshy places. This was
The first carriages brought to the county had
high wheels, so they could be driven over the numer-
ous stumps in the road and through the unbridged
streams. Folding steps were placed on one side of
the body of the carriage that could be unfolded
when people wished to mount or alight.
The stage coach was built for service. The in-
side seats were similar to those of the modern cab,
while the side seats were much like those in auto-
mobiles. The stages were usually painted in vari-
ous colors and drawn by six horses. The baggage
was placed inside a railing around the top. There
were relay stations along the road where the tired
teams would be exchanged for fresh ones. The
coaches were driven at a fast rate where possible.
The approach to a tavern, and departure, was an-
nounced by the blowing of a bugle.
Thomas Cassady, great-grandfather of Mrs. Sar-
ah Crawford Guffin (J. P.), built the third house in
The first postmaster was Charles Veeder, in 1822.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 53
George C. Clark was operator in the first tele-
graph office in Rushville.
In 1831, William Arnold, only brother of the late
Mrs. D. M.' Stewart, had a tanyard where the glove
factory is now located.
Several years later, a stave and barrel factory oc-
cupied the site of the tanyard. Here two mischievous
boys repaired (who expected a whipping at the semi-
nary south of there) to tie shavings on their backs
and arms, under their coats, before returning to the
teacher, Mr. Louis Thomas, a genial Kentucky law-
yer The boys yelled lustily, but the teacher soon
realized he was hitting padded backs and secretly
enjoyed whipping them. Each party supposed the
other was being deceived.
A doctor Runnels (Reynolds) was an early physi-
cian in Wilmington, now Manilla. He often imbibed
too freely of the cup that inebriates but never cheers.
One evening, as he was returning from a professional
visit, he rode into a flock of ducks that were roost-
ing in the road. They ran about quacking, as ducks
do. The doctor dismounted and began to belabor
them with his riding whip when the owner appeared
and inquired what the trouble was. The doctor said,
'Hhese pesky things are calling me a quack, and I
will take that from no living thing."
He was persuaded to ride on. Soon he heard a
frog, in the creek near by, calling, ''R-runnels, R-run-
nels." Thinking it some person calling him, he an-
Snakes of many kinds were very numerous m
pioneer days and continued so until hogs became
plentiful. They ate even the venomous species with-
54 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
The first settlers found a large tract of densely
fallen timber in the southern part of what is now
Rush county. They believed a severe cyclone had
passed over that section at some previous time. They
called a stream that flowed through it '' Hurricane
The early settlers had little use for law, judges,
prisons or sheriffs. Differences and injuries were
usually settled by force or arbitration.
The first license issued to retail intoxicants was
granted to John Perry on November 1, 1824. The
fee was $7.50.
Judges and lawyers rode the circuit, holding
court, for several years. They carried their papers
and law books in saddle bags.
From 1822 poor and homeless orphan children
were apprenticed, males until twenty-one and fe-
males until eighteen. Indigent men and women were
farmed out on contract by overseers of the poor
until a poor farm was bought and equipped.
Rushville was governed by a town board until
1842. Among the last Presidents were John P. Guffin
and John H. Bebout.
A city council was organized Sept. 6, 1883. The
first councilmen were Leonidas Link, Absalom Pavey,
John J. Touts, John A. Readle, Martin Bohanon arid
John B. Reeve; George Puntenney, mayor; Joseph
A. Armstrong, clerk; W. E. Havens, treasurer, and
Samuel Vance, marshal.
The leech, lancet and blister were used externally
and large, sickening powders, that often had to be
dissolved in a tablespoon, were administered by the
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 55
The pioneers buried the dead — men, women and
children — in long, white robes, called shrouds. A
small, white kerchief was laid over the face.
The coffin was made narrow at each end and un-
lined. Not until in the 50 's were the dead buried in
clothing such as they wore while living.
Every neighborhood had a shoemaker and a man
who extracted teeth with a "pulliken" or turnkey.
Itinerant ministers traveled and preached to the
people for two generations. Rev. Asbury, it is said,
traveled as many miles as would take him twelve
times around the world.
People often rode, on horseback, ten or twelve
miles to "meeting" to hear these itinerants preach.
Six per cent, was allowed on collections when
settling up an estate. This was all the remuneration
they received — a mere pittance in many cases.
Rush county shared in the gold craze of '49 and
several young men went with emigrant wagon trains
across the plains to California in search of the pre-
Much of the geography was taught, in the '50 's
by singing the names of the states and their capitals,
also the names of counties and county seats and the
names of rivers and their length.
Sometime in the late '40 's, a converted Indian
passed through the county preaching to the white
people, entreating them to lead Christian lives. He
sang in the Indian and the English language and at-
tracted much attention.
In the '40 's and '50 's peddlers carrying Irish linen
tablecloths, peddlers with boxes of jewelry, peddlers
with leather straps attached to swing over the shoul-
der ; Italians with plaster of Paris toys, peddlers with
56 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
notions, small wagons with all kinds of merchandise,
and agents of various kinds, literally swarmed over
In 1847-8, the spirit rappings caused much excite-
ment. A few persons became insane because of the
manifestations they claimed to have experienced.
In the same year the people of this county con-
tributed, with other sections, to the supplies which
were being sent to the starving people of Ireland,
caused by the total failure of the potato crop there.
In July, 1854, a cyclone destroyed much timber
and fencing, also a large barn on the farm of Landon
Gardner, six miles west of Rushville. The barn was
carried high in the air, broken into fragments and
scattered for long distances. Horses were killed,
chickens were stripped of their feathers and all their
bones broken ; wheat was scattered over a neighbor-
In the spring of 1850, Alexander Campbell held
a meeting at Fairview, assisted by the faculty of
Fairview Academy. He returned to the county and
preached in the old Rushville Christian church in
In 1850, P. T. Barnum brought Jennie Lind, the
"Swedish Nightingale," to this country. One of the
places visited was Madison, Indiana. A number of
music lovers from Rushville went to hear her. The
whole continent was enraptured with her melodies.
In the fall of 1861, Stephen Duncan organized a
singing class in the old Christian church, now Pythi-
an Hall. He used the ''Diapason" and accompanied
the singing with a violin.
John H. Spurrier used the same book and a violin
in singing classes in several places. In 1903, he gath-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 57
ered the surviving members of the old Diapason sing-
ers into a class that meets annually in Rushville.
This class is similar to the old "Missouri Har-
mony" class which was organized at Morristown in
1836 and re-organized by survivors several years
later. The members of the two last mentioned of
these classes are now singing in the "Choir Invis-
ible" and an old re-organized Diapason class has
taken their places.
Fred Douglass, the noted ex-slave and orator,
made a long speech in behalf of his race on a plat-
form at the northwest corner of the court house yard,
during the early years of the Civil War. His head
was almost white, but his voice was strong as he
plead for those who were yet in bondage.
What is remembered as the "cold New Year's
Day" occurred January 1, 1864.
In 1872, A. N. Norris invented a wheat drill,
which his brother, D. C. Norris, patented. It was
manufactured by the Norris brothers northeast of
Rushville, and was regarded as one of the best drills
on the market. It was sold and shipped all over the
United States and to other countries.
The evolution experienced in reaping, threshing
and cleaning wheat has been marvelous. The pio-
neers cut the wheat with a sickle, tramped it out on
a floor, or hard ground, with horses, and cleaned it
by winnowing it with a strong home-made linen
Later, the wheat was cut with a w^heat cradle and
threshed by a slow horse-power machine. Next, a
crude steam engine threshed it and a hand-power
wheat fan was used to separate the grain from the
58 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
This was improved upon until a steam engine
threshed and separated the wheat and chaff. This
way required thirt}^ to forty men to haul in the
shocks, run the machinery and stack the straw. All
the help had to have dinner and supper with the
owner of the wheat ; the horses had to be fed also.
Now an engine runs the separator, measures the
grain and stacks the straw. The men provide their
own dinner and horse feed and the old-time tired
farmer's wife of the harvest time is no more.
The "Grangers," or "Patrons of Husbandry,"
was a secret organization founded at Washington,
December 4, 1867, for the promotion of farmers' in-
terests, women as well as men being members. In
six years the membership reached 1,500,000.
There were three or four Granges in Rush county.
The one at Homer erected a two-story building. The
upper one was used for the transaction of business
and as a civic center for the members. The lower
one was used for a community store. G. W. Thomas
was either Purchasing Agent or President during its
When musical instruments began to be used in the
homes, some of the young people began to clamor for
their use in the churches. Others believed their use
in public worship would be sacrilege and were de-
cidedly opposed to their introduction. The conten-
tion came near disrupting some churches.
The frame siding, rafters, ceiling, flooring, doors,
window sashes and shingles of the first frame houses
in the county were all hand-made. These houses are
An Old Settlers' Association was formed on Aug.
19, 1869, which met at the county fair grounds and
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 59
was largely attended. For several years, D. M. Stew-
art was the first President and Dr. John Arnold was
Old relics of various kinds were exhibited. Har-
mony Laughlin had a calico bed comfort, with a light
background and small, purple flowers on it. There
were no two flowers alike on either side of it. It had
been brought from Holland. There were mold board
plows, hackles, hand cards for carding wool, and
making rolls for spinning, reels for winding the
yarn, which was spun on the big wheels ; flax sewing
thread, which was spun on the little wheels; old-
fashioned dishes and watches, some of them a hun-
dred years old; hand-knit lace, samplers (alphabet
worked on home-made linen), old books, quaint
shoes, round brooms, home-made rugs, papers of
round-headed brass pins, silhouette pictures, linen
table cloths, counterpanes which women had spun
and woven, etc. Prominent men came from many
places to be present. Among the number was Gov.
Conrad Baker. They and the early settlers pro-
vided interesting programs until the curtain of time
fell on the actors.
A Building and Loan Association was incorpor-
ated June 2, 1877, with D. M. Stewart, President;
Leonidas Link, Vice President, and J. Q. Thomas,
Secretary and Treasurer. Eleven similar associa-
tions have been formed since.
These associations have made it possible for many
persons to buy lots and build comfortable homes who
otherwise might never have had a permanent place
in which to live.
A Ladies' Musicale was organized at the home
of A. G. Mauzy on Dec. 13, 1886, by his daughter,
60 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Mrs. Siddie Cole-Mowers. The first officers were
Mrs. Mowers, President; Mrs. Theo. Abercrombie,
Vice President; Mrs. Ella Pugh, Secretary; Mrs. C.
H. Gilbert, Treasurer.
It is next to the oldest musical organization in
the state, the Matinee Musicale, of Indianapolis, hav-
The ladies have purchased two violins and have
given a musical education to a talented young musi-
They have held many receptions for their friends
that have been very enjoyable. At one of these
Mrs. C. H. Gilbert read a history of the society on
its twentieth anniversary and is planning to con-
tinue its history until December 13, 1916, when they
expect to celebrate the thirtieth anniversary of its
The Monday Circle is a literary society composed
of twenty-five ladies. It was organized in 1893 by
Mrs. Hannah Cullen Sexton and has done work of
a high order continuously since.
The Shakespeare Club was organized in 1910,
with Miss Anna Marlatt as President. The work is
along the line of the drama. The membership is
limited to seventeen. Kathryn Petry is President at
The Coterie, a miscellaneous literary club, was
organized by Mrs. Mary Holmes, and she was the
first Secretary. The membership is limited to seven-
teen. Mrs. J. T. Paxton is now President. Carthage,
Glenwood and Milroy have women's study classes.
The Social Club was organized March 13, 1896.
Melodeon Hall was purchased and converted into
suitable rooms for convenience of members.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 61
Francis Murphy, noted temperance lecturer, held
a series of meetings in Rushville in 1879 (in what
was then Melodeon Hall) that stirred the town. A
great many people signed the pledge.
W. J. Munhall held the first large union revival
in Rushville, in the old Christian church, in the
spring of 1885. The services were characterized by
good singing and earnest preaching.
Dr. Orr held a union meeting in June, 1911. Dr.
Biederwolf held one in the fall of 1912. Both these
meetings were held in a temporary tabernacle.
Mrs. May W. Donnan, of Indianapolis, lectured
on literary subjects most acceptably to Women's
Study Classes from 1905 until her death in 1913. She
had a fine personality and a remarkable memory.
During the eight years of her work in Rushville, she
endeared herself to her classes.
For several years good lecture courses have been
held in winter. Mrs. Demarchus C. Brown, of India-
napolis, gave a series of popular lectures in the
Graham school building in the winter of 1914-15. She
also gave lectures before the Monday Circle that
were thoroughly enjoyed.
The Grand Army of the Republic was organized
in 1866 as a political order. There was a Post in
nearly every township. Later it became a patriotic
organization and continues so. Its membership is
composed of the ex-soldiers of the Civil War who
were honorably discharged.
As they annually march with music and ''Old
Glory" on Decoration Day to lay a tribute of flow-
ers on the graves of departed comrades, the old sol-
diers become fewer while the graves become more
numerous. It is pathetic to see the faltering step
62 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
and depleted ranks as they enter the city of the
A Woman's Relief Corps was organized August
20, 1887. Much relief work has been done for sol-
diers and their families.
A Woman's Christian Temperance Union was
organized April 21, 1888, by Mrs. Louise M. Thomp-
son, of Greensburg. The ladies worked along tem-
perance, evangelistic and charitable lines. Religious
services were held at the county asylum and county
orphanage. Holiday gifts were given to the inmates
of both. An industrial school, a Sunday school for
poor children and a reading room were sustained
for a time. They induced the churches to banish
manufactured wine from the communion table and
substitute the juice of the grape.
Secret societies were opposed by many of the
early settlers and few men became identified with
them. The following fraternal societies now have
lodges in the county : Masons, Odd Fellows, Knights
of Pythias, Red Men, Maccabees, Modern Wood-
men, Elks, Ancient Order of United Workmen,
Patriotic Sons of America, G. A. R., W. R. C, and
Knights of Columbus.
The Hilligoss family of this county have an an-
cestral record which throws much light on the early
history of this country. As it deals, indirectly, with
some of the county's history, it is inserted. Michael
Hilligas, a German nobleman of Alsace, then a
province of France, removed to Germany on account
of the Huguenot persecutions. From there he emi-
grated to Philadelphia. His son, Michael, was made
Provincial Treasurer in 1765 and held the office
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 63
until 1789, having been Provincial, Colonial and
United States Treasurer. He died in 1804.
See ''Financial History of the United States,"
by Albert S. Belles, Vol. 1; ''Journal of Congress,"
Vols. 1 and 2. Michael Hilligas had contributed lib-
erally to the calls for financial help during the Revo-
lution, but owing to the depressed condition of
"finance afterward he was never reimbursed. His
portrait is on the $10 gold certificates of the United
George Peter Hilligas, a nephew of Michael Hilli-
gas, was drum major under Washington during the
war of the American Revolution and was with him
at the surrender of Saratoga. He came to Kentucky,
after the war, where he died.
Some of his family came to Rush county where
they helped to clear away the wilderness. In remov-
ing westward the name broadened into Hilligoss.
A summer Chautauqua was instituted in 1901.
It was held under a tent until the present Coliseum
was built. Good programs have been given by some
of the best talent obtainable. Such men as W. J.
Bryan and others of note.
The 1915 Chautauqua had on its program Hon.
Champ Clark, Speaker of the U. S. House of Repre-
sentatives; Helen Keller, the deaf and blind girl,
who is well educated and has learned to talk; the
Royal Welsh Male Singers (three of their sixteen
members went down, May 7, 1915, when the Lusi-
tania was torpedoed) ; Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, of
New York City; Grace Hall-Riheldaffer, famous
singer ; Dr. Carolyn E. Geisel, of Battle Creek, Michi-
gan, and others.
Three of Rushville's citizens have been Repre-
64 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
sentatives in the United States Congress. John L.
Robinson was a member in 1844. He was an inti-
mate friend of Jefferson Davis, who was also a mem-
ber at that time.
Leonidas Sexton was Lieut. Governor in 1873
and a member of Congress in 1876.
James E. Watson was elected to Congress in 1894,
1898, 1900, 1902, 1904 and was nominated for Gov-
ernor of Indiana in 1908.
John K. Gowdy left Rushville as United States
Consul to Paris, France, on April 20, 1897 ; returned
to Rushville October 21, 1905. He received his ap-
pointment from President William McKinley.
Judge Douglas Morris is one of the Supreme
Court Judges of Indiana.
In three years death claimed three of Rushville 's
ablest lawyers, Leonidas Sexton, George B. Sleeth
and Jesse J. Spann.
Pleasant A. Hackleman was a candidate for Con-
gress on a Temperance platform in 1860. He was
also a delegate to the Peace Congress held in Wash-
ington, in February, 1861, for the purpose of adjust-
ing the differences between the North and the South.
The effort was a failure.
Admiral George Brown, who for three years was
at the head of the United States Navy, was a native
Dr. James Thomson, the late noted oculist, of In-
dianapolis, was once a shoemaker in Moscow.
For several years, pupils had to deliver orations
at their graduation. A prominent man is now select-
ed to deliver an address instead.
On March 25, 1913, occurred the greatest flood
Rushville ever experienced. The water ran in tor-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 65
rents down Perkins street, south of the C, H. & D.
Railroad, flooding many houses.
The water in Main street was more than a foot
deep between Second and Fourth streets. Business
blocks in that section were also flooded. The grades
east and south of town were overflowed and badly
damaged. One life was lost.
Rushville and vicinity sent a car load of flour to
the starving Belgians in the spring of 1915.
A light snow fell in Rushville August 5, 1915.
The weather was colder than January 17, 1914. This
month will be remembered as the coldest and rainiest
within the memory of the oldest settler.
Rush county has an area of twenty-three miles
north and south and eighteen miles east and west.
It has no large city, yet its per capita is second to
but one in the state.
Rushville is located near the center of the county.
It is a beautiful little city, noted for its flne resi-
dences, well kept lawns, maple shade trees, asphalt
pavements and straight streets. Its water supply
is drawn from artesian wells. Its streets are elec-
trically lighted. Good roads lead into it. Main
and Second streets were paved with brick in 1910;
Perkins street in 1912.
Carthage is located on the east bank of Big Blue
River, in Ripley township. It was laid out by John
Clark and Henry Henley, August 18, 1838. It is a
thriving place on the Big Four Railroad. It has one
of the largest strawboard plants in the state, a fine
library building, a commissioned high school, a bank
and a local newspaper.
68 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Milroy. Milroy is situated near the southern
boundary of the county on the bank of Little Flat-
rock River. It is in a fine agricultural district and
does a large amount of shipping and other business.
It is on the Big Four Railroad and has a bank. In
1830, Nathan Julian and Nathan Tompkins laid out
Manilla. Manilla is located in Walker township,
on the Pennsylvania Railroad. It was laid out Jan.
4th, 1836, by Jacob Mull, Elias Murphy, Jonathan
Murphy and Jonathan Edwards. The place was sur-
rounded by North Carolinians, who named the place
Wilmington in honor of their former home. The
name was changed later to Manilla. Jacob Mull had
the first dry goods store. It has a bank.
Arlington (Burlington) was laid out April 12th,
1832, by James Collins and Levin Burt. Dr. James
W. Green and Jacob Beckner were prominent citi-
zens. It is located on the C. H. & D. railroad and
the I. & C. traction line. It also has a state bank.
Glenwood (formerly Vienna) is on the C. H. & D.
railroad and the I. & C. traction line. It was laid out
by Dr. Jefferson Helm, June 23rd, 1882. Mr. Steele
was the first tavern keeper and first postmaster.
New Salem. Moses Thompson had the town plat-
ted in February, 1831. The place is surrounded by
a good farming section and an enterprising com-
munity. Dr. Anthony was the second inhabitant, fol-
lowed by Reuben Runion, who built a blacksmith
shop, and Israel Knapp, a wagon maker.
Falmouth. A trading post was located here early.
That part located in Fayette county was probably
laid out in 1824. The part in Rush county was
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 67
platted in July, 1832. In 1835 several Kentuckians
settled in and around Falmouth, Among them were
John David, Daniel Baker and Joseph Piper. It is
on the Pennsylvania railroad.
Richland. This place is in a country of unusual
fertility. The Richland Academy was one of the
early schools of note in the state. The town was
laid out December 14, 1854, by A. P. Butler, T. L.
Stewart, H. C. Robinson, J. R. Hood, S, H. Caskey,
N. H. Gwinup, G. Butler and Jacob Hite.
Homer is located on the Pennsylvania railroad
lines two miles east of Manilla. James Andrews and
Jesse Jarrett built an upright saw mill here in 1850.
They had a well dug under the mill to supply a large
stationary boiler with water. When about twenty
feet down, the men left their shovels and picks in
the excavation over night. The next morning they
found the bottom of the well had fallen out and a
large stream of clear, cold Calybeate water was
flowing out, which continues to flow. The shovels
and picks were never recovered.
Benjamin Wyman and Alex Bridges were the flrst
Raleigh is a flourishing village in Washington
township. It was laid out in 1841 and was called
McCanns. In 1847 it was recorded under the name
of Raleigh. It has the first consolidated school in
the United States.
The names of small towns in the county are :
Henderson, Farmington, Sumner, Blue Ridge, Mos-
cow, Gowdy, Williamstown, Fairview, Sexton, Mays,
Gings and Mauzy.
At a Republican barbecue held at Rushville, Sept.
16th, 1915, James E. Watson formally announced
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
himself a candidate for United States Senator. The
attendance was estimated at eight or ten thousand
Since the squatters began to build homes in Rush
county a great transformation has taken place. The
log cabin has given place to comfortable, even pala-
tial homes. The forests and rail fences have almost
disappeared. Farmers now ride when they plow,
or reap their grain. Automobiles and thoroughbred
horses, steam and interurban cars furnish transpor-
tation. Natural gas, telephones, daily mails and
graded schools give to town and county the same
Then here is a health to Rush county, the fairest
among a thousand. No lakes, no mountains, bogs or
large rivers break the surface of the country. There
is no waste land, no barrens. Her sons and daugh-
ters travel to distant parts, but return to what they
believe to be the garden spot on earth. When they
pass away they may rest in the most beautiful ceme-
tery that any county town can claim.
Be a Booster.
(Written for Sketches of Rush County.)
Do you know there's lots of fellers
Settin' 'round in every town,
0, so grouchy an' a kickin',
Knockin' every good thing down?
We'd not have jiou be this feller
'Cause your town is best on earth,
So just be a Rushville booster.
Praise and boost for all vou're worth
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 69
If what people do don't suit you
And the town seems kinder wrong
Why don't you commence a boostin'
Just to help yourself along?
'Cause if things should stop a going
You'd be in a sorry plight;
Keep that Rushville horn a blowin',
Boost her up with all your might.
If your town's worth boostin' — boost her
Don't hold back and wait to see
If some other feller's willin';
You be first — the country's free.
No one holds a mortgage on you,
It's your town as much as his,
And if Rushville 's shy on boosters
You get in the boostin' biz.
— Anna Clark Urmston.
70 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
HISTORY OF COMPANY M, 121 ST REGIMENT, 9TH
INDIANA VOL. CAVALRY.
(Written by Capitola Giiffin Dill.)
Company M, 121 Regiment 9th Indiana Volun-
teer Cavalry, was recruited by Captain James Henry
Frazee, Lieutenant James B. Jones and Nathan J.
Leisure, in Rush county, Indiana. Mustered one-half
of the company in U. S. service 31st of December by
Captain J. H. Farquhar, 19 U. S. A. and the com-
pany was completed March 4, 1864. Went into camp
Carrington, Indianapolis, December 16, 1863 ; moved
to Camp Shanks, Indianapolis, February 12, 1864.
Organized March 4, 1864, at Camp Shanks, India-
napolis. The words, "My Country, Right or
Wrong" in large letters are to be found on the sol-
diers discharge of the company.
Privates in this company were :
Allentharp, William; served 11 months in 52nd
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 71
Bradburn, James, was in the battle of Munfords-
ville, Ky., Company D, 68th Ind,
Benjman, Theodore, was in battle of Phillipi,
Laurel Hill and Cheat River, in 3 months service.
Company F, 6th Regiment, Indiana Vol.
Blake, George W.
Chance, George W.
Chance, William H.
Conklin, Levi ; served twelve months in 16th In-
Damern, George W.
Dogget, William P. ; served six months in Com-
pany F, 16th Ind. Regt.
English, Samuel ; in skirmish at Gurrill 's Hill,
Tennessee, Company C, 8th Regiment Kentucky Vol,
Forester, David; died March 8 at home.
Guffin, John P. ; served six months in Company
G, 52nd Ind.
Gruel, Nathan E.
72 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Isentrager, William L. ; was in battle of Fort
Donelson, Company G, 52nd Ind.
Istentrager, James M.
James, Daniel; was in battles at Richmond, Ky.,
and Arkansas Post, Company H, 16th Ind.
Lautherer, Charles ; was in two battles before
Vicksburg and two at Jackson, Miss., in Company
B, 72nd Ohio Regiment.
Louks, John; deserted.
Maple, Ephraim B. ; served fourteen months,
Company I, 37th Regiment, Ind. Vol.
Maple, John J. ; was in battle of Fort Donelson,
Company F, 52nd Ind. Regiment.
McGinness, Samuel S.
McGee, George H.
Orcutt, George S. ; was in the battle of Clinch
Mountain, Tenn., Company I, 117 Ind.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 73
Pea, Ute; was in the battle of Donelson, Com-
pany H, 52nd Ind. Regiment.
Raymond, Samuel L.
Ryon, John A.
Stevens, Amos W.
Stevens, Henry J. ; was in battle of Fort Donel-
son, Company G, 52nd Ind. Regiment.
Spacy, Oscar F. ; was in battle of Donelson and
siege of Corinth, Company G, 52nd Ind.
Scoolcraft, Jacob ; deserted.
Thrasher, Samuel K.
Taylor, David F.
Woods, Robert E.
James H. Frazee, Captain, enlisted as private in
52nd Ind. Promoted to Lieutenant. Was in the bat-
tle of Fort Donelson and in charge on the left at the
siege of Corinth, and in numerous skirmishes.
Served twenty-six months.
James B. Jones, 1st Lieutenant, was in battle of
Bowling Green and Chattanooga. Wounded at
74 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Stone River in the mouth and right lung; IVo oz.
ball extracted from right side seven days after
wound was received.
Nathan J. Leisure, 2nd Lieutenant, served six
months as Sergeant in 52nd Indiana Regiraent. Was
in the battle of Fort Donelson.
Jacob B. McGinness, orderly, served six months
in Company F, 16th Ind.
John H. Bonnett, Q. M.
William L. Peckham, Com., served twenty-six
months in Company F, 16th Regiment, Indiana Vol.
Was taken prisoner in battle of Richmond, Ky.,
August 30, 1862. Was in Arkansas Post and in all
the battles that occasioned the fall of Vicksburg.
In several skirmishes with forces under Dick Tay-
lor, was promoted from 4th Sergeant to 2nd Lieu-
tenant April 1, 1863.
Thomas Frazee, 1st.
Leonidas Thrasher, 2nd.
Alexander Abernathy, 3rd. Was in the battle of
Baton Rouge, La., Company G, 21st Ind. Vol,
David Gaskill, 4th, was in the battle of Boon-
ville, Carthage and Springfield, Mo.
John W. Moore, 5th.
John M. Armstrong, 1st.
John B. Moore, 2nd.
Joseph Alexander, 3rd.
Milton Hunt, 4th.
John L. LaBarr, 5th.
Russell Keeler, 6th.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 75
Peter B. Cramer, 7th.
William Bragg, 8th.
Oliver G. Hunt, served six months in Company
I, 115th Regiment.
Lucius B. Williams.
David S. Mason.
David R. Crawford ; was in the battle of Corinth
on detached service, under Gen. Hackleman, Arkan-
sas Fort, Company C, 16th Regiment, Indiana Vol.
While on their way north from New Orleans,
with the Company under Col. Eli Lily, of Indianapo-
lis, Jonathan G. Wright, John P. Guffin, Robert
Hutchinson and Daniel James, Rush county boys,
were captured by the Confederates across the river
from Memphis, Tenn., January 11, 1865, and held
prisoners for two months and a half in the bushes,
being fed on corn meal mixed with water, baked on
a chip of wood. This bread and water was all they
had to eat. Their clothes were all taken from them,
except their pants and shirt. After the date had
been set for their execution, the four of them escaped,
hiding during the day in the swamp bushes, part of
the time standing in water up to their necks, and
walking all night for three days and three nights,
when they were overtaken, ordered to halt, and
throw up their hands. The first three obeyed and
76 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Daniel James was shot through the head; leaving
him lay, the three were taken back.
Jonathan Wright said John P. Guffin worried so,
knowing they were soon to be shot; he was only
about nineteen years old at this time.
They were exchanged about a week before the
date set for their execution and were soon dis-
charged from service.
They went to the wharf early in the morning to
take the Sultana, a steamboat running between New
Orleans and St. Louis and found she had unloaded
her freight and sailed at two o'clock that Wednes-
day morning. The passenger list of over 2,300 almost
entirely of Union soldiers. Of these 2,031 put on at
Vicksburg were ghastly skeletons called "paroled
prisoners" from Andersonville and Cahaba prisons
eagerly counting the hours until they should be home
with wife and mother.
When the Sultana was seven miles above Mem-
phis, her boilers exploded, tearing out the entire cen-
ter of the boat, and she burned to the water's edge
April 27, 1865.
Some were scalded to death immediately ; those
who were not injured were jumping overboard. The
river for a mile around was full of floating people.
The cry of the women ; the groans of those who were
wounded and thrown from the boat by the explosion ;
the cries for help when none were there to assist.
The burning boat soon attracted attention and the
steamer Bostona, only a mile above, hurried to the
scene. Everything that could float was thrown into
the river. Every effort was made by the officers of
the Bostona to render aid to the drowning jnulti-
tude. Ten of this company perished.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 77
Oscar Spacy jumped from the burning b:)af and
clung to part of a stairway, floated and swam nine
miles down the river ahead of the burning oil from
the Sultana, which flowed on the water. He was
taken from the river at daylight, wrapped in flannel
and cared for by the "Sisters of Charity." He was
one of the "paroled prisoners," having just been re-
leased from the Cahaba prison of Alabama, where he
had endured all kinds of hardships for six months.
Over fourteen hundred lost their lives at the time
of the explosion and nearly three hundred died in
the hospitals at Memphis.
For days following the destruction of the Sul-
tana, the people of Memphis, impoverished by the
war, which was just closing, forgot sectional feeling
and laid aside the memories of their own dead upon
a hundred battlefields to give themselves and all that
was theirs to procuring the comfort of the survivors.
Homes were thrown open to the wrecked soldiers as
to brothers. The pall of horror which lowered above
the charred timbers of the Sultana blotted out, for
the time at least, the animosities of warfare.
Jonathan Wright, John P. Guflin, and Robert
Hutchinson went back to the soldiers home in Mem-
phis until they were able to get transportation to the
North. They arrived in Indianapolis about May 9th,
coming by way of Shelbyville to Rushville.
They were in twenty-two or twenty-three battles,
among which was the one at Palaska, the Nashville
fight and the one at Franklin National Pike, where
there were nine hundred men in the morning and
only one hundred and forty-eight at night — this
being one of the hardest fought small battles of the
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
NATIONAL SOCIETY D. A. R.
By MARY M. ALEXANDER.
Origin and Aims of the Daughters of the American
On the evening of July 11, 1890, the Sons of the
American Revolution gave a banquet in Wash-
ington. Senator John Sherman, of Ohio, was the
The speech was printed in the Washington Post
on July 12. Mrs. Mary S. Lockwood read the speech
and assisted by Mrs. Ellen Hardin Walworth, Miss
Eugenia Washington and Miss Mary Desha, began
the D. A. R. movement. On October 11, 1890, seven-
teen women in Washington organized the society of
the Daughters of the American Revolution.
The first woman to apply for membership was
Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, who was made first Presi-
Act of Incorporation.
Fifty-fourth Congress of the United States of
America. At its first session, begun and held in the
city of Washington on the second day of December,
one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep-
resentatives of the United States of America in Con-
gress assembled, that the founders, associates and
successors of the Daughters of the American Revo-
lution are hereby created a body corporate and
politic for patriotic, historical and educational pur-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 79
Said society shall report annually to the Secre-
tary of the Smithsonian Institution, who shall com-
municate to Congress anything of national interest
(Signed) GROVER CLEVELAND,
A. E. STEVENSON,
Eligibility. Any woman, eighteen years of age
or more, is eligible to membership, provided she be
descended from a man or woman who, with unfailing
loyalty rendered material aid to the cause of Ameri-
The society now numbers 177,132 and has an or-
ganization in every state in the Union, as well as
Chapters in England, France, China, Mexico, Cuba,
Hawaii, Porto Rico and the Philippines. Their motto
is ''Home and Country."
80 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
RUSHVILLE CHAPTER D. A. R.
MRS. MARY M. ALEXANDER
MRS .CAPITOLA GUFFIN DILL
The Rushville Chapter of the Daughters of the
American Revolution was organized with 109 char-
ter members in Rushville, September, 1909, by Mrs.
J. W. Moore. She was unanimously elected its first
At a reception given in honor of Mrs. John W.
Dinwiddle, State Regent, of Fowler, Ind., the writer
suggested a book shower as a nucleus for a city
library, which was given February 22, 1911, at which
time over six hundred books were donated.
The county commissioners granted two rooms
in the court house for the use of the library, also one
room for a ladies' rest room.
After the requirements of the law in reference
to public libraries had been complied with, the Chap-
ter surrendered it to the city of Rushville, which
now maintains it very successfully. There are now
approximately four thousand volumes on its shelves.
Miss Mary Sleeth has been librarian continuously
up to the present time.
The Chapter has planted trees in the City Park,
held contests among the public school pupils for
best essays on patriotic subjects, for which prizes
were given, and done other work of an educational
The Chapter solicits information in regard to the
location of graves of soldiers of the Revolution so
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 81
that government markers may be placed on them,
also any other items of interest pertaining to the
early history of our country. Sarah Crawford Guf-
fin (J. P.) is Regent at present.
Our emblem is a golden wheel
Banded with deepest blue
Each shining spoke tipped with a star
The distaff showing through
The only jewel in the world
That money can not buy
VVithout such proof of ancestry
As no one can deny.
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
THE LINEAGE OF THE DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN
REVOLUTION OF THE RUSHVILLE CHAPTER.
Capitola Guffin Dill, Registrar.
ABBOTT, JOHN, a soldier in the Revolutionary War, from
New Jersey. Reference, D. A, R. Nat. No. 78289. Decendant —
Mrs. Inez Craig (T. A.).
ALDRIDGE, JOHN, served as private in Rev. War, b. Mar.
1759, d. Nov. 17, 1843, in Indiana. He was in battle of
Brandywine and York. Ref. Ind. pen. rolls, p. 30. Census of
Penna. 1840, p. 185. Decendant — Melissa Aldridge Wagner
AT LEE, JUDGE WM. AUGUSTUS, b. July 1, 1735, in
Philadelphia, Pa., d. Sept. 9, 1793, Lancaster, Pa. Rev. soldier,
chairman of Committee of Safety and Commissary, and Supt.
of arsenal barracks and British prisoners then at Lancaster,
Pa. Ref. Genealogical Rec. of At Lee family by Edwin At Lee
Barbour, A.M. Nat. No. D. A. R. 46613. He m. Aug. 31, 1763,
Esther Bowes Sayre b. 1748, d. July 6, 1790. Children— Eliza-
beth Amelia, b. Jan. 19, 1765, m. Maj. Mores White; Mary
Rachel, b. April 16, 1766, m. Edward Victor James; Esther
Jane, b. Sept. 11, 1776; Jane, b. July 14, 1769, m. Rev. Elisha
S. Rigg; Wm. Pitt, b. Dec. 27, 1770, d. 1772; Wm. Pitt, b.
Sept. 24, 1772, m. Sarah Light; John Sayre, b. Mar. 27, 1774,
m. Elizabeth ; Edwin Augustus, b. Nov. 16, 1776, m.
Margaret Snyder; Esther Bowes, b. Feb. 8, 1778, m. Rev. Wm.
Wliite; Sarah Ann, b. June 5, 1780, m. Thomas Vickrey;
Charlotte Hazen, b. July 13, 1782, m. Nathanial Hazen White
and Rev. Joshua Rowe. Descendant — Emma L. Browne Lam-
bert, Rev. I. D.
BALL, ZOPHER, b. Frederick, Va., d. 1803. Rev. soldier in
Capt. Eleazer Williamson's Co. of rangers in Penna. 1778 to
1783. Ref. Penna Archives, Vol. 23; Third Series p. 331; Vol. 4
p. 757, and Vol. 14 p. 716. Ch. were Caleb, b. 1755. He m. Phebe
Walton. Dennis, Henry, Isaiah, Abel and John. Decendants—
Rhoda Gary Green (T.B.), Emily Gary Wilson (M.R.), Caro-
line Gary Hubbart (F. B.), Jennie Gary Van Osdol (D. D.),
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
BAILEY, THOMAS, b. April, 1757, Va., d. 1820 in Ky
Rev. soldier, served as private in Capt. Thos. Ridley's Co.,
formerly Capt. John Holcome Co., 4th Va. Reg., commanded
by Col. Thos. Elliott. Ref. Adjutant Gen. Office, War Dep
Pay roll, Apr. 1777. His children were — Wm., b. Dec. 1789;
Isaac b. Apr. 1791, m. Phoeba Budd; Jackson b. Oct. 1793, m.
Mary Russell; Alfred b. Jan. 1796, m. Ladosha La Follette;
Elizabeth b. Jan. 1799, Chas. Lord; Henry b. Feb. 1802, un-
married; Ruth b. Dec. 1809, unmarried; Thomas M. b. Aug. 14
1811, m. Susan Harlow. Decendant — Alberta Mahan Walker
BANTA, ABRAHAM, b. Hackensack, July 7, 1745, d. Ky
after 1781. Rev. sol. pri. in Capt. Hugh Campbell's Co. 2nd
Battalion of York Co. Pa. under Col. Robt. McPherson. Ref.
Frisian Family p. 88, by Theo. M. Banta. Nat. D. A. R. No.
66990. He m. Margrieta Manfort. Children — Rachel b. Oct.
23, 1768, m. Peter Banta; Hendrick, b. May 31, 1771, m. Wil-
mutte Combs; Johanna b. July 4, 1773, m. Demott; Marrieta
b. Aug. 31, 1777; Peter b. Oct. 24, 1782, m. Mary Vorhies;
Christiana, m. Andrew Shuck. Decendant — Mary Helen Wal-
den (C. E.).
BLACKLIDGE, ICHOBUD, Rev. soldier, a private in Capt.
Henman's Co. N. J., Class No. 13, was b. in Elizabethtown,
N. J., Jan. 1, 1745, d. Pulaski Co., Ky. Ref. Record of N. J.
troops convened May 11, 1778. Nat. D. A. R. No. 59727. He
m. Susan Woodruff. Decendants — Grace Blacklidge Spivey
(A. v.), Emma Blacklidge, India Blacklidge Alexander (W. A.).
BROCKWAY, EDWARD, b. Lyma, Conn., 1736, d. Hart-
ford, 0., Mar. 4, 1813. First enlisten a p. in Capt. Josiah
Fowler's Co. from Branford, Conn., 1775; 2nd enlisted as ser-
geant in Capt. Jonathan Colkin's Co. Aug. 24, 1777. Dis-
charged Oct. 1777. Third enlisted from Hartford, Conn., in
Col. Martin Smith's Reg. Ref. Connecticut Men in the Rev. p.
6; p. 505 appears the 2nd enlistment; p. 562 3rd enlistment.
Children — Edward Brock way b. 1760, m. Rachel Selby. De-
scendant, Mildred Moore Amos (W. M.).
BROWN, GEORGE, b. Hardy Co., Va., June 22, 1760, d.
Milroy, Rush Co., Ind., Sept. 21, 1825. Served as sergeant in
Rev. War in Capt. J. Valentine's Co. 1st Va. Reg. Command-
ed Col. Geo. Gibson. Ref. Nat. D. A. R.. No. 5213. He m.
84 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Sept. 8, 1788, to Rebecca Conrad. Descendant — Mate Power
CALDWELL, ROBERT, b. Fayette Co., Penn., June 1, 1757,
d. Rush Co., July 31, 1845. Enlisted 1776, served three years
Capt. Windell Onry, Capt. Swearinger, Capt. John Finley, Col
Enos McCoy, Col. Daniel Broadhead, Col. Morgan, Penn. troops.
Was in the Saratoga campaign and capture of Burgoyne's
army. Ref. Pension Bureau Dept. of Interior, Pen. Rolls from
Nichols Co., Ky., Nat. No. 3580, S. A. R. He m. Sarah Ann
Fryer. Children — Nancy m. Smith. William m. Rebecca
Havner, Elizabeth m. Scott, Robert, James, Mary (Polly)
m. Howe, Joseph David, Jane m. Ploughe, Sallie m.
Foster, Tabitha m. McVey. Descendants — Uina Ford
Black (Earnest), Lenora Alexander Blacklidge (Amos).
CARR, WILLIAM, b. in Penn. in 1745, d. Redbank, Lewis
Co., Ky., in 1814. Rev. soldier served as private in Virginia
Reg. Ref. D. A. R. Nat. No. 73459. First wife, Rebecca Whir-
ley. Children — Harvey Werley m. E. W. Walker, Jane Petit;
ley. Children — Harvey Worley Carr, m. E. Walker and Jane
petit; Roland T., Isaac, Abraham and William. Second wife,
Susan Brandenburg. Children — Moses, Jacob, and John m.
Alcestis Laughlin. Descendants — Jessie Spann Gary (A.L.),
Lillie M. Mauzy (C. A.). Hypatia Carr Marshall (S. M.), Ruth
Carr Poe (W. B.), Rena Poe Warner (F.).
CARROLL, WILLIAM, b. Ireland before 1763, d. Alliganig
Co., N, Y., August, 1824. Was a private in Capt. Thomas As-
key's Co. 1st Battalion Cumberland Co. Militia, 1782, James
Dunlap, Col. Ref. p. 131, Vol. 6, Penn. Archives, 5th series. He
m. Phebe Wortman, of N. J. Children — John, Louis Wortman,
Richard, James b. 1789 m. Lucy Gregory; Phoebe b. 1801, m.
Peter Gregory. Descendant — Edessa Carroll Innis (H. T.).
CASS AD Y, THOMAS, born before 1757 in Virginia, died in
Rush county, Indiana, September 6, 1825, b. in the Kelly grave-
yard, in Rush county. Ref. War Dept., Adjutant Gen. office.
House of Delegates of Virginia, 1834, Doc. No. 44. House of
Delegates, 1834; War Department Adj. office, ''A List of Sol-
diers of Virginia." He married Mrs. Margaret McGruff Hale,
who died 1823. Children— Weir, b. 1780, d. 1833, m. in 1811
to Elizabeth (Getsy) Gruell, b. Jan. 6, 1791, d. Sept. 25,
1886; Thomas, m. Rachel Crawford; William, m. Sarah
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 85
Webb; Simon, m. twice, Jermina McCray and Dilly . Simon
and Elizabeth were twins, born October 25, 1787. Elizabeth
m. Isom Webb. Eleanor (Nellie) married Thomas Douglas.
Sampson, born Sept. 15, 1791, married Cornelia Webb. Descend-
ants — *Sarah Crawford Guffin (J.P.), *Margaret Crawford
Friend (Theo.), *Rachel Crawford Jones, married twice, Clay
King, David Jones; Margaret Crawford (D.A.), Rachel Hop-
kins (George), Anna F. Ridenbaugh (Benjamin), Nellie Riden-
baugh McVay (W.G.), Alma Cassady Winship (J.T.), Eliza-
beth Cassady Caldwell (J.E.), Emma Cassady, Laura Mere-
dith, Dove C. Meredith, Eleanor McCann Carlisle (P.C), Capi-
tola Gufiin Dill (Wm.), Mable Cassady Beaver (Samuel), Jes-
sie Cassady Green (Hal), Mary Cassady Cotton (Frank W.).
CLAYPOOL, BETSEY ROSS, b. Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 1,
1752, d. Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 30, 1836. She was considered
the finest needle worker in America; this, and Gen. Geo. Wash-
ington's high regard for her, led the committee to consult
her about the flag. Mrs. Ross suggested that the stars have
but five points instead of six. She made the first American
flag and it was first used at Saratoga and on its first battle
led to victory. Ref. U. S. A. history. Descendant — Emma
Merrill Havens (Wm. E.).
CORTELYOU, HENRY, b. New Brenwick, N. J., July 1,
1760, d. Keording, Hamilton Co., 0., Jan., 1825. He was a
minute man — private in the Somerset Co. N. J. militia. Ref.,
"The Berglen Family," by L. G. Berglen, of N. Y., foot notes
p. 228-308-264. Certificate of service of Henry Cortelyou by
Hon. W. Stryker, Adj. Gen. of N. J. Descendant — Mary Eliza-
beth Lawrence Jones (F.P.).
CONE, RUFUS, b. East Haddam, Oct. 10, 1737, was taken
prisoner in 1776 and never heard from. He enlisted in 8th
Co. of 7th Reg. of Connecticut Continentals under Col. Charles
Webb, July 10, 1775. He enlisted in Capt. Jewett's Com-
pany, 17th Continental Reg., Col. Huntington. Was in the
battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776. Half this regi-
ment were taken prisoners and he was missing. Ref. Cone
family in America, by W. W. Cone, of Bradsville, Md.
*Granddaughters of Weir Cassady, a soldier in the War
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Com. Minn, the Rec. pp. 83, 102. He m. Dec. 1760, Esther
Stewart, b. Sept. 1743, d. Sept. 1826. Children— Philena b.
Jan. 8, 1762; Azel, b. June 8, 1763, m. Kesiah ; Grace C.
b. April 14, 1765, m. Phineas Smith; Clarissa b. Dec. 9, 1767;
Esther b. Sept. 10, 1770; Huldal b. July 5, 1772 m.
Howard; Charles b. May 15, 1773, m. Jane Harvey. Descendant
— Emma Buell Sexton.
CAMPBELL, THOMAS, b. Scotland, July 10, 1737, d. Maine,
Oct. 18, 1803. He was a private in Capt. Geo. Reid's Co., Col.
John Starks Reg. of N. H. militia. Ref. D. A. R., Nat. No.
18437. His w., Margaret Dunning, b. Nov. 25, 1740, d. Sept.,
1814, m. Jan. 1, 1760. Children— Daniel, b. Jan. 19, 1762, m.
Elizabeth Thomas; Mary, b. May 10, 1764, m. Levi Bradley;
Thomas, b. Oct. 10, 1766, m. Sahara Knapp; James, b, Sept.
23, 1768, m. Margaret Boyd; Robert, b. Sept. 6, 1770, m. Bet-
sey Knapp; Elizabeth, b. Jan. 3, 1773, m. Elisha Crane; Mar-
garet, b. Sept. 23, 1774; Eleanor, b. April 9, 1776, m. Samuel
Eastman; Susanna, b. April 18, 1778, m. William Hammond;
Martha, b. Feb. 18, 1781, m. Edwin Sweet; Jane, b. May 18,
1783, m. Daniel Dudley; Margaret, b. Feb. 25, 1785, m. John
Smith. Descendant — Helen Campbell Havens (Walter).
DAVIS, WILLIAM, b. Ireland, May 15, 1730, d. Crawford
Co., Pa., Sept. 20, 1824. He served three years enlisting for
Groten, Mar. 17, 1777. He exchanged with a man named
Geo. Walton, March 26, 1777, and later was in the Georgia
Battalion. Ref. Genealogy of Davis family by T. K. Davis,
D. D., Wooster, 0. See Nat. No. 26556 and 11311, D. A. R. He
m. Mary Means, 1757. Children — Daughter, d. in infancy;
James, Joseph, b. 1762, m. Sarah Shoch; William m. Kir-
by; daughter, d. in infancy; John, 1764-1837, m. Mary McGon-
negel; Patrick, daughter, Henry, Samuel. Descendants —
Frances Sarah Cullen (Judge Wm. A.), Hannah Cullen Sex-
ton (J.C), Frances E. Sexton Green (D.C.).
DIXON, THOMAS, b. Conn. March 14, 1732, d. Sterling,
Conn, March 13, 1802. He was a minute man at Lexington
alarm, also a sergeant. Ref. D. A. R. Nat. No. 27194. He m.
Lydia A. Parks, 1760, at Plainfield, Conn. Children — James,
b. June 11, 1760, killed in accident; John, b. August 30, 1761;
Mary b. Dec. 25, 1762; Eunice, b. Apr. 22, 1764; Nancy, b.
Jan. 22, 1766; William, b. Sept. 4, 1767; Charles, b. Nov. 2,
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 87
1768; Lydia, b. Sept. 19, 1771; Fernum, b. May 12, 1774.
Descendant — Mary Alice Reeve (deceased) (J. B.).
ELLIS, John, a Rev. soldier. Ref., Nat. D. A. R. 75845.
Descendant — Frances Davis CuUen (W.A.)
FRAZEE, SAMUEL, b. Penn., Nov. 5, 1753, d. Mason Co.,
Ky,, Nov. 12, 1848. He fought under Col. Bowman, also in
Capt. Williams Harrod's Co. in Western Dep. Ref. Nat. D. A.
R., No. 29858. He m. 1777 Rebecca Jacobs, b. 1761, d. 1836.
Children— Hannah, b. 1789, m. Joseph Pollock; Ephriam, b.
1792, m. Susan M. Domphan; Joseph, b. 1794, m. Mary Ann
Cobwrin; Jacob, b. 1796, m. Ann Frazee; Rebecca, b. 1799, m.
Thomas Domphan; Lewis, b. 1802. Descendant— Helen Camp-
bell Havens (Walter).
FINLEY, JOSEPH LEWIS b. near Greensburg, Pa., Feb.
20, 1753, d. Ohio, May 23, 1839. He served as Captain and
First Lieutenant Major in 13th Penn Reg., was commissioned
as 1st Lieutenant, Oct. 24, 1776, promoted to Captain Oct. 20,
1777, resigned July 10, 1778. Ref. Penn. S^ate Library
Division of Public Records, p. 512, Vol. 2, Penn. Archives,
5th Series, Nat. D. A. R., No. 72075. He m. July 4, 1782,
Jane Blair, d. July 1, 1840. Children— Hannah, b.
m. Col. John Lodwick; Juliet, Michael, Elizabeth, Nancy,
John, b. , m. Rebecca Plumm; Joseph, Ebenezer, Mary,
m. Joseph (John) Patterson; Samuel, Margaret, m. Simon
Chipps; James, m. Eliza Rothmel. Descendant — Frances Fin-
ley Oneal (L. A.).
GILPIN, ISRAEL, b. Delaware, Oct. 4, 1740, d. Boon Co.,
Ky., July 4, 1834. He served as Capt. under Col. John Mc-
Kinley, Delaware troops. Later served as Colonel and Pur-
chasing Commissary. Battle of Brandywine was fought on
his farm and house used for Gen. Howe's headquarters. Ref.,
Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Pensions, I. S. C, and S. File 4297,
Rev. War. He m. Giles. Children— Nancy, b. 1778, m.
W. Perkins. Descendant — Alice Perkins Caldwell (Fred).
GRAY ROBERT, b. Ireland, 1743, d. . He took oath of
allegiance to U. S. A., served under Gen. Putnam and Gen.
Watta. He served under Capt. Swilertt and Captain Jonathan
Robinson. Ref. Nat. N. D. A. R., 41556.
He m. Agnes . Robert Gray had ten sons and one
daughter. Descendants — Agnes Daily Spurrier (J.A.); Ida
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Miriam Spurrier McDaniel (M.R.) ; Hazel D. Spurrier Swihart
GREEN, THOMAS, b. Rhode Island, 1760, d. near Brook-
ville, Ind., 1822. He enlisted in R. I. Regt. under his cousin,
Gen. Nat. Green, and made the trip between the North and
South army overland, passing through the British lines with-
out detection or capture 85 times. He served as Captain two
years 1st Lieutenant two years 2nd Lieutenant two years,
sergeant two years. He was made Judge Advocate and Land
Commissioner of Ter. of Ind. and located at Ft. Brookville,
Ind. He was accidentally drowned. Ref. Nat. D. A. R., No.
69498. He m. Elizabeth Matthews. Children were — Daniel, b.
Oct. 17, 1783, m. Nancy Vardaman and Peggy Bell Lair; Eliza-
beth, b. Feb. 11, 1785, m. John Wagoner; Susanna, b. Mar. 7,
1787, m. John Scott; Agnes, b. August 13, 1788, m. Henry Har-
mon; Nancy, b. April 11, 1790, m. Thomas Hill, and Wm. Whit-
sett; Ransbird, b. Feb. 25, 1792, m. Ruth Morgan; Drusilla, b.
Nov. 25, 1793, m. Levi Cooper; James, b. April 11, 1795, m.
Mary Ewing, Martha Ewing; Samuel, b. Feb. 5, 1797, m. Betsy
Hittle; Lot, b. April 15, 1799, m. Anna Cooper and Sarah
Huston; Ascena, b. May 15, 1801, m. Thomas Wolverton, and
Stephen Sparks. Descendants — Florence Green Moore (J. W.),
Alpha Green Eads (J.B.), Stella Green Rucker (J.M.), Patience
Rucker, Lottie Green Tatman, (C.E.), Nellie Green Schrader
(Conrad), Mary Brann Smith (A.P.).
HACKLEMAN, JACOB, b. Maryland, July 16, 1752, d. Rush
Co., Ind., Jan. 16, 1829. He lived in Lincoln Co., N. C, dur-
ing Rev. War; served as Rev. soldier; was wounded in right
arm and hired John Gant to serve the rest of his time. Ref.,
Family Record, Vol. 1, by Brig. Gen. Pleasant A. Hackleman.
Nat. D. A. R., No. 73985. He m. Mary Osborne, b. 1754, d
1824, m. 1773. Children— Elizabeth, b. July 20, 1774, m. Wm.
Tyner; Abraham, b. Sept. 25, 1775, m. Margaret Tyner; Sarah,
b. Dec. 24, 1776, m. Wm. Millner; Katherine, b. August 8, 1778,
m. Conrad Sailors; Isaac, b. March 26, 1730, m. Elizabeth
Hawkins, and Rachel Cotton; Mary, b. Nov. 17, 1781, m. Green
B. Lines; Margaret, b. Nov. 17, 1781, m. Henry Lines; Jacob, b.
Jan. 14, 1784, m. Riller Robeson; John, b. Dec. 16, 1785, m.
Sarah Adams; Susan, b. Sept. 9, 1787, m. Samuel Williams and
William Smith; Michael, b. April 12, 1789, m. Katherine Webb;
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 83
Thomas, b. 1790, m. Katherine Alensworth; Fanny, b. May 12,
1793, m. Jesse Webb; Riller, b. June 11, 1799, m. James Davis.
Descendants — Fanny Hackleman Ayres (I.W.), Josephine
Hackleman Conner (S.C.) deceased, Adelia Megee Mcintosh
(D.R.), Sallie Monroe Henley, Minnie Mills Elliott (H.A.),
Fanny Armstrong Ames (J.J.), Ruby Amos Strong (E.A. Ja.),
Stella Downey Cofield (E.D.), Bertha Nelle Lyons Tittsworth
HAMILTON, JOHN, b. England, d. . A Rev. soldier,
served as sergeant under Captain Isaac Seelys Co., 5th Penn.
Reg., commanded by Captain Francis Johnson. Ref., D. A. R.
Nat. No. 16140. Children — John, Samuel, m. Dilly Donovan;
Edward, m. Mary Hutchinson. Descendant — Beulah Hamilton
HENDRICKS, ABRAM, b. Penn., Nov. 5, 1749, d. Penn.,
1819. Served as private under Capt Matthew Griers, Com. of
Buck Co. militia, 1780. Later he served in the ranging force
of Westmoreland Co. Ref. Nat. D. A. R., No. 28072. The Life
and Speeches of T. A. Hendrick, page 41-42. He m. Anna
Jamieson, b. 1754, d. 1835. Children — Abram Jr. m. Miss Hen-
derson; Jamison, Daniel, William, b. August 17, 1776, m. Miss
Paul; John, b. Jan. 29, 1778, m. Miss Thompson; Thomas, b.
Jan. 28, 1773, m. Elizabeth Timble; Ann, m. William Hen-
derson; Rachel, m. Judge Pullock; Mary, b. Nov. 12, 1789, m.
John McHargh. Descendant — Mary Nesbitt Cowan (S. E.).
HALLETT, JOSEPH, b. Barnstable, Mass., Sept. 21, 1736,
d. Barnstable, Mass., March 29, 1809. Was corporal in
Capt. Joshua Gray's Company, also private under Captain
Elisha Nye's Company, stationed at Elizabeth Islands, and
private under Captain Elisha Hedge's Company, Col. Freeman's
Reg. Ref., Swift Old Barnstable Families, Vol. 1, p. 518; Mass.
Soldiers and Sailors, Rev. War., Vol. VII, p. 125; Barnstable
Death Rec, p. 8, Marriage Rec, page 4'5, and Church Rec, p.
150-157. Lewisana, New York, Gen. p. 91, Vol. 7, p. 28, Vol 6.
He m. Thankful Baxter, m. Apr. 12, 1760. Children— Jane,
Mary, m. Smith; Hannah, m. Lewis; triplets baptized Sept.
27, 1767; Desire, b. July 14, 1771; Joseph, b. Sept. 8, 1776;
Richard, b. June 27, 1779. Descendants — Frances Davis Cullen
(W.A.), Hannah Cullen Sexton (J.C), Angeline M. Yeagf?r
90 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Lewis (L.B.), Mary Lewis Hovey, (F.H.), Frances Sexton
INNIS, JAMES, b. Montreal, Canada, between 1756-1762,
d. Jumata Co., Pa., Oct. 21, 1826. Was a private. His first
wife Avas Ann Arbuckle. Ref. Rec. from Pension Dept.
Children by first wife — Francis, William, Samuel, James, John,
Elizabeth, Nathaniel, Alexander, b. Sept. 2, 1794, m. Christian
Kirkpatriek; Joseph, Ann, Children by second wife — Sarah,
Mary, Isabella, Robert, Jane, Ebenezer, Nancy. Descendants —
Elizabeth Innis Boys (G.B.), Orma Archer Innis Smith (J.L.).
ISBELL, THOMAS, b. Albermarle Co. Va., Jan. 27, 1753,
d. Wilkes Co., N. C, Oct. 27, 1819. Was a private in Capt.
Thos. Walker's Company 9th Va. Reg., commanded by Thos.
Fleming, Esq., also designated as Capt. Wm. Henderson's Co.,
9th Va. Reg., commanded by Col. Geo. Matthews. Ref. War
Dept. record Nat. D. A. R., No. 59724. He m. Discretion How-
ard, b. 1764, d. 1848, and m. 1782. Descendant— Mary I. Cole-
JAMESON, DAVID, b. 1757 in N. J., d. 1833, in Ky. A Rev.
soldier, served as a private in the 5th Co., 2nd New Jersey
Regt., commanded by Lieut Col. F. Barber. Was a private
under Lievit J. Cummings, also a private in Washington's com-
mand to close of war. Record and Pension Of., War Dept.,
Washington, D. C. Rec. in Of. of Adjutant Gen., Trenton,
N, J.; Stryker's officers and men of N. J. in the Rev., page
219. His wife, Hannah Richards, d. August 19, 1814. Chil-
dren — Samuel, in war of 1812, m. Woods; John, m.
Lucy Monfort; W^esley, m. Mary Reed; Thomas, m. Lucinda
Cartmel; Rebecca, b. in fort to be safe from Indians, m. John
Cotton, Hester Ann, m. James Heming; Elizabeth, m. James
Mauzy; Margaret, m. James Culton; Sarah, m. John Lore.
Descendants — Mary Francis Payne (Edwin); Sarah Mauzy
Mowers (Rev.), Lucia Wilson Beher (Carl).
JACQUES, JONATHAN, a private in a New Jersey regi-
ment in the Revolutionary War. Ref. and Rec, Nat. D. A. R.,
No. 61919. Descendant — Ada B. Jacquess.
LEE, THOMAS, b. Cortlandt Manor, N. J., July 1, 1728,
d. Morristown, N. J., Jan. 7, 1805. His name will be found
in 1st Battalion Somerset Co., also state troops and Contin-
ental Army. The name Thos. Lee, also Militia Strykus, offi-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 91
eers and men of N. J. Ref. D. A. R. Nat. No. 75856. He m.
Dinah Perrine, b. 1731, d. 1791, m. 1775. Children— Peter, Paul,
Israel, Philip. Thomas, William, Dinah b. 1775, m. Abija Cul-
ter. Descendants — Bessie Ann Lee Van Osdal (Harry) ; Luna
LEE, PETER PERRINE, b. Woodbridge, N. Y., Mar. 10,
1756, d. North Bend, 0., Sept. 22, 1844. Private soldier New
Jersey troops. Ref. Nat. D. A. R., No. 25197-31396. He m.
Ruth Huntington Gard, b. 1764, d. 1819. Children— Elsy Cul-
pepper Lee. b. 1795, m. Sarah Ann Murphy; 1st ch. Malinda
m. Jonathan Lyon; 7th ch. Rodney Jefferson, 8th ch.
Monroe Wells. There were nine ch., three girls and six
boys. Descendants — Bessie Ann Lee Van Osdol (Harry) ; Lura
LEWIS, JOHN, b. Lowder Co., Va., 1749, d. Rush Co., Ind.,
1841. He served as a private in a Va. Reg., 1777, under Col.
Abraham Shepherd, from Lowder Co., Va., later he enlisted
at Washington Co., Pa., served as Sergeant. Ref. D. A. R.
Nat. No. 31392 and 31393; Bureau of Pensions. He m. Mary
Power. Descendants — Capitola Guffin Dill (Wm.) ; Comma
GufRn Gray (Morton) ; Bertha Carney Logan (H.V.) ; Grace
Wilson Carney (Seneca); Auda Wilson Alexander (George).
LEWIS, LEMUEL, b. Mass., May 23, 1725, d. New York
about 1816. Served as private in Capt. Jothan Hoguhton's Co.
of Col. Samuel Denny's Reg. Ref. Mass. Soldiers and Sailors
in Rec. Vol. 9, p. 750. Rec. from Adj. Gen. office of War Dep.,
Washington, D. C. Family Rec. by Mark W. Lewis, Superior,
Wis. He m. Temperance Bearce, b. Mar. 17, 1732, d. May 1776,
m. March 7, 1750. Children— Jonathan, b. 1766; George, b. 1754;
Richard, b. 1751; Temperance, b. 1757; Lydia, b. 1759;
Lemuel, b. 1761; Bethia, b. 1764; Jean, b. 1754; Anna, b. 1768;
Rachel, b. 1761. Descendants — Frances Davis Cullen (Jud. W.
A.); Hannah C. Sexton (Dr. J. C.) ; Frances E. Sexton Green
MAUZY, WILLIAM, b. in Virginia 27th Dec, 1755, d. in
Ind., 6th Apr., 1837. A private — served in Girard's Virginia
Regt., Rev. War, from 1776 to 1780. He was a pensioner, was
at the surrender of Cornwallis, at Yorktown, Va., Oct. 17,
1781. Rec. and Pen. office War Dept., Washington, D. C; Rec.
in office of Adjutant Gen., Trenton, N. J.; D. A. R. Nos. 16643,
92 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Married Ursulla Arnold, b. Feb. 22, 1753, d. May 8, 1823.
Children — Nancy, m. Chas. Jones; Elizabeth, m. Roland Grant;
James, m. Elizabeth Jameson; George, m. Lillian Gren-
stard; Sallie, m. Wra. Jones; John A., m. Polly Gooding;
Silas, m. Nancy Gooding; Peter Wm., m. Sallie Gooding;
Henry, unmarried. Descendants — Sarah Mauzy Mowers, Mary
Francis Payne (Edwin), Marian Mauzy Jones (H.O.), Anna
Mauzy Moore (H.W.), Sallie Bell Case (J.D.), Martha Bell
Grindle (Wilford), Eva Francis Bell Hires (Elmo).
MILLER, JOHN, b. Pennsylvania, 1752, d. Rush Co., Ind.,
1836. Enlisted August, 1776, for three years as private under
Capts. Montgomery, Swearinger and Finley, Cols. Marckey
and Broadhead, in 8th Pa. One year Morgan Rifle Co. Was
in battle of Borgune and others. Application for pension
Sept. 15, 1818. Res. Fleming Co., Ky., and allowed. Ref.
Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Pensions, Rolls p. 92. Children
— Mary, m. James Hillis; Sarah, m. James Kitchen;
Oliver, m. ; William, m. Jane Curry; John, m. Ellen
Beckett; Alexander, m. Hannah Morrison; Josiah, m. Lucinda
Jones. Descendants — Nannie H. Ross (S), Margaret Miller
McGEE, JOHN, b. Middlesex Co., N. J., Mar. 20, 1761,
d. Ky., 1833. Enlisted in 1776; served as private under Capt.
David Chambers and B. Smock, and Col. Wm. Scudder in N. J.
Was in battle of Monmouth. Ref. Dept. of Interior, Bureau
of Pensions. Rec. Div. V. L. M., File 1230, Rev. War. He m.
Miss Ellison. Children — James m. Mary Kenning; John, Rob-
ert, Seth, William, Jesse, Samuel, Ellison. Descendant — Mae
Bebout Stiers (Wilber).
McDANIEL, WILLIAM, SR., b. in Terre Haute, Ind., 1732,
d. Vigo Co., Ind., 1817. He served as private in the 3rd Troop,
1st Regiment Light Dragoons, Continental Troops, Revolution-
ary War. Ref. Adj. Gen. Office, War Department, No. 1578829.
Children— William McDaniel, b. 1753 and m. Elizabeth .
Descendant — Alberta Maline Walker.
McDANIEL, WM., b. in Scotland, 1753, son of Wm. McDan-
iel, Sr., d. in 1844. Private in Captain Joseph Spencer's Co.,
7th Reg. Va., com. by Col. Alexander McClenachan ; discharged
April 10, 1778. Ref. Adjutant Gen. office War Dept.. Albert
]\IcDaniel. Verified by certificate from War Dept., L. B. He
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 93
m. Elizabeth , b. 1709, m. 1783, d. 1844. Children-
Elizabeth, b. 1785, m. Richard Bucker; Harriett, b. 1788, m.
Daniel Stinet; George, b. 1790, m. Arzelda Bucket; Alimara,
b. 1800, unmarried; Aaron, b. 1803, m. Mary Fields. Descend-
ant — Alberta Mahin Walker.
McQueen, THOMAS, b. Baltimore, Md., December, 1701,
d. in Ind., 1838. Rev. soldier. Taken prisoner by Indians
and escaped from them at two different times. Last
time was sold to the British, put in irons and kept three
months. He refused to join British army. At close of
war, returned home, after an absence of two years. Acted
in the capacity of patriot and private. Ref. Dept. of Interior
of Pensions. File 33080; Indiana Pension Rolls, p. 38. Pen-
sioner, Washington, D. C. Was m., 1785, to Sarah Vaughn,
d. 1839. Children— Mary, b. 1780, m. Daniel Thomas; Uriah, m.
Elizabeth Tanner; Joshua, m. Elizabeth Brown; Elizabeth, m.
John Staughton; Nancy, m. Moses Joiner; Jennie, m. Thos.
Green Lee; Sallie, m. James Love; Debora, m. Wm. Brown;
Benjamin, m. Lydia Dixon; Joseph, m. Nancy Stoughton; John,
m. Marcelia Beaty; Thomas. Descendants — Mrs. Mary M.
Thomas Alexander, Mrs. Lenora Alexander Blacklidge.
NICHOLS, FRANCIS, b. in New Hampshire, Jan. 10, 1705,
d. Ohio, Sept. 30, 1808. He served in Rev. War from July 10,
1781, to Dec. 11, 1781. Ref. Adj. Gen. office of New Hamp-
shire, Vol. Ill, page 254. Nat. I). A. R., No. 20020. Descend-
ant — Sadie D. Allen.
NORRIS, AQUILA, b. before 1750, Va. or Md., d. in Brown
Co., Ohio, Feb. 6, 1812. Served as Captain in Rev. War, from
Harford Co., Md. Index to Maryland militia, 1778-79 p. 49.
Aquila Norris and Captain Joseph Norris were brothers; their
children married Benjamin and Priscilla. See National No.
89402. Aquila Norris, m. Hannah . Children — Eliza-
beth, m. cousin, James Norris; Martha, m. Whitfield Hyatt;
William; Temperance, m. Wm. Miller; Elisha, m. Elizabeth
Bush; James, m. Nancy Gates; Aquila, m. Sarah Sargent;
Nathan, m. Mary Walton; Ruth and Naomi, twins, m.
Armstrong brothers; Priscilla B., m. Capt. Benjamin Nor-
ris, 1814. Descendants — Leila Norris Gilbert (Dr. C. H.), Leo-
nora Norris, Zenith Alice Norris.
POSEY, ZEPHANIAH, b. Va. Dec. 1753, d. Hamilton Co.,
94 SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
Ohio, 21st Oct., 1826, buried in Hopewell cemetery, Rush Co.
Ind. Private soldier, promoted to sergeant. Served three
years in a Va. regiment commanded by Col. Daniel Mor-
gan and Lieut. Col. John Cropper. Was transferred to
Capt. Geo. Rice's Co., 11th and 15th Va. Regt., and sub-
sequently to Capt. Philip Slaughter's Co., known as Lieut.
James Wright's Co., 7th Va. Reg. Discharged Nov. 1,
1779. Ref. Adjutant Gen. War Dept.; Ohio Year Book, S. A.
R. 1898, p. 195. Pensioned June 23, 1819. Sergeant of Va.
Continentals Co. in Hamilton Co., Ohio, under act of Congress,
1818. He m. Mary Jackson, b. 1760, d. 1839. Children— Nancy,
b. 1782, m. Marshall; William, b. 1784; Frances, b. 1786,
m. Marshall, and Deeters; Sallie, b. 1788, m.
Jacob Miller; Arnsted, b. 1793, m. Kathern Miller; Alfred, b.
1796, m. Stathem; Cecelia, b. 1799, m. Sherman;
Louisa, b. 1801, m. Jameson; Albert, b. 1805. Descend-
ants — Sallie E. Adams, Charlotte Callaghan, Nellie Gantner
Havens (H.S.), Fannie Posey Hugo (Chas.), Nellie Adams
Leach (Will), Sarah Moore (Alvin), Luella Posey Yakey
(A.L.), Minnie Posey Moffett, Anna Posey Deming (Albert).
SEXTON, OLIVER CHAPIN, b. Wellbraham, Mass., 1759,
d. Lambertville, Mich., 1845. Was a private from Hampshire
Co., Mass., under Capt. Woodbridge in Col. Tyler's Regt., also
served in Capt. John Morgan Co. Company detached from
militia of Hampshire and Worcester counties to guard stores
and magazines at Brookfield and Springfield. Ref. from State
Sec. of Mass. for Noah Sexton and his son, Oliver Sexton, ser-
vice in Rev. War. Noah Sexton, Vol. 9, p. 421. Oliver Sexton,
Vol. 23, p. 194; Vol. 24, p. 140; Vol. 25, p. 194. He m. Jerusha
West. Children — Oliver, m. 1st wife Harriet Bliss; David,
Jerusha West, m. Benjamin Munsel and Harris Winslow; Earl,
m. Esther Preston; Horotis Gates, b. Jan. 21, 1796, m. Hannah
Pugh and Lucretia Cramer; Ruby. m. Zelotus Lambard; Ori-
mel. Descendants — Lou Sexton Havens (G. H.) ; Sallie Sex-
ton Parsons (Dr. C. H.) ; Frances E. Sexton Green (D. C).
SHIPLEY, HENRY, b. Maryland, 1759, d. Fayette Co.,
Pen., Feb. 28, 1828. Enlisted 1776, served different times, until
1783, under Capt. Joseph Burgess, Striker, Bergers, Chas. Ham-
mond, Woodward, Richard Oorcry, and Col. John Edward
Howard, Levin Lawrence and Dorcey. Was in the
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 95
battles of Long Island, Paoli, Germantown and Cumden. Ref.
Rev. War Recs. I. S. C. W. File 6046; Dep. Interior, Bureau
of Pensions, Washington, D. C. m. Ruth Howard Aug. 1782,
Baltimore, Md. Children — Amely, b. June 10, 1783; Amon,
b. Sept. 24, 1784; Henry, b. March 24, 1789; Ruth, b. March
30, 1791; Mary, b. Nov. 24, 1793; Benedict, b. Oct. 13, 1795;
Betsey, b. Sept. 26, 1797, m. Abigail Randolf; Nancy, b. June
10, 1820; Aman Massene, b. Oct. 15, 1806. Descendant— Ethel
Conaway Peters (W. W.).
SMALLEY, John, b. Middlesex Co., N. J., 1747, d. Butler
Co., 0., 1838. Was a private in Middlesex Co., N. J. Militia;
also private under Capt. Marming's Company, 1st Reg., Mid-
dlesex Co., N. J., militia. Col. John Webster, 1780, at Battle
Springfield, N. J. Ref. Adj. Gen. office, N. J. Nat. D. A. R.,
22668. He m. Amy Sutton. Children— Mary, b. 1770, m.
Moses Vail. Descendant — Sarah E. Pugh (D.).
SMILEY, THOMAS, b. 1748, d. 1802. He was a private
in Capt. Wm. Campbell's Co., 1780-1781. The 7th Battalion of
Cumberland Co. militia were called to perform a tour of
duties. He was in the 6th class. Ref. p. 475-486-500, Vol. 6,
5th series Pa. archives. He m. Margaret Ross, d. 1828, m.
between 1775-1780. Children— Ross, b. Feb. 18, 1788, m. May
Abernathy; Thomas, William, m. Miss Groves; Margaret, m.
Mr. Douglis; Elizabeth, m. Mr. Parker; Mary m. Jacob Ash-
paugh; Rebecca, m. John Gabrell; John m. (his cousin) Jane
Smiley. Descendant — Ruby 0. Smiley.
SMILEY, JOHN, Cumberland Co., Pa., 1745, d. Hamilton,
0., 1806. The war record of John Smiley is the same as his
brother, Thomas Smiley. He m. Christiana Robertson, b. about
1750, d. about 1840; m. 1778, at Mifflin Co., Pa. Children-
Thomas, b. 1780, m. Miss Hall; Nancy, b. Oct.11, 1782, m.
Philip Gordon; Alexander, b. 1784; Jane, b. 1785, m. her
cousin, John Smiley; Margaret, b. 1787, m. Mr. Cohen and Mr.
Nixon; James, b. 1789, m. Lucinda Wycolf, and Dorcas Dickey.
Descendant — Ruby 0. Smiley.
VOHEES, ABRAHAM, b. Neshanic, N. J., Sept. 16, 1730,
d. Reading, O., 1812. He was a private in Capt. Jacob Ten-
eyck's Co., 1st Battalion N. J. militia and in N. J. Contin-
ental line. Ref. Adj. Gen. office N. J. Gen. of Van Voorhees
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY
family by E. W. VaiiVoorhees. Descendant — Mary S. Law-
rence .Jones (F.P.).
WALLACE, SAMUEL, b. County Tyrone, Ireland, 1730 or
173(), d. Cumberland Co., Pa., Sept., 1798. He was a private
of Capt. Robt. Chugage's Co., 1st Reg. Continental Troops, Pa.
He was Capt. 5th Co., 3rd Bat.. Cumberland Co. Associations
and Militia. Ref. War Dept., Adj. Gen. office, D. A. R., Nat.
No. 62579. m. Margaret Wallace, b. 1740, d. 1782. Children-
John, b. Nov. 14, 1763; Mary, b. Sept. 8, 1765; Sarah, b. Oct. 8,
1767; Joseph, b. June 30, 1769; Samuel, b. June 20, 1771; Mar-
tha, b. April 23, 1773; William, b. August 31, 1775; Eliza, b.
Oct. 17, 1777; Mary, b. August 15, 1780. Descendant — Jennie
Wallace Payne (Ralph).
WINSHIP, JABEZ LATHROP, b. Norwich, Conn., 1752,
d. Brookville, Ind., 1827. He served as private in Capt. Latti-
mir's Company, Col. Samuel H. Parson's Regt. State Militia,
New London, Conn. Ref. D. A. R. Nat. No. 68012; Page 163,
Rush Co. Ind. history, pub. by Brant and Fuller, 1888. Page
320, Cole and Winship Genealogy. He m. Hannah Forsythe, d.
1836. Descendants— Sarah Winship Riley (B.W.); Ruby Riley
Crist (C.S.) ; Alice R. Winship, Nell Winship, Cora Winship.
WYATT, JOHN, b. June 4, 1748, London, Eng., d. Milroy,
Ind., June 17, 1833. He enlisted, 1778, Capt. Joseph Crockett's
Co., Col. Abraham Bowman's Reg. Was in battle of Mon-
mouth. Enlisted again, 1778, in Capt. Steed's Co., Col. Wm.
Heth's Reg. Captured at Charlestown, S. C, held six months.
Volunteered under Col. Campbell, in militia, served two months
at Yorktown. Ref. Nat. No. D. A. R., 74788; Dept. of Interior,
Bureau of Pensions, Washington, D. C; Pen. claim file 16303.
He m. Susan Summitt. Children — Mary, b. Oct. 23. 1784, m.
Nathan Tompkins; Sarah, m. Lingenfelter; Elizabeth,
m. Lingenfelter; James, m. Mary S. Campbell; John
(Jack) m. Howard; Jessie, Samuel, William, George m.
Elizabeth Utt, or Ott; Nancy, m. Bowling, and
Price; Priscilla, m. Rise and Glore. Descendants
— Lillian Barton, Nelle Bosley Parsons (J. P.), Georgia Wyatt
Moore (Earl), Louise Tompkins, Nellie T. Betker (T. W.),
Alta Wyatt Long (F.B.) deceased, Catherine S. Barton Crane
YOUNG, PHILIP, of New Jersey, a private in Revolution-
SKETCHES OF RUSH COUNTY 97
ary War. Record and Ref. Nat. D, A. R. No. 76866 and 76867.
Descendants — Estella Armstrong, Myrtle Armstrong.
NOTE — Abbreviations used in the lineages: b., born;
Capt., Captain; d., died; Gen., Genealogical; Lieut., Lieutenant;
m., married; Nat., National; No., niunber; p., page; p., private;
Ref., Reference; Rec, Record; Rev., Revolution; Vol., Volume;
of., office; w., widow.
RUSH COUNTY OFFICIALS
A. R. Holden, Auditor
Arie M. Taylor, Clerk
Newton Newbold, Supt. of County Home
Charles Brooks, Recorder
Voorhees Cavitt, Sheriff
Adolph Cameron, Surveyor
John 0. Williams, Treasurer
Henry Schrader, Assessor
Will M. Sparks, Judge
A. C. Stevens, Prosecuting Attorney.
RUSHVILLE CITY OFFICIALS
Clate Bebout, Mayor
Carl L. Gunning, Clerk
J. P. Stech, Treasurer
Geston P. Hunt, Post Master
Post Office, Masonic Bldg.
Arranged by Capitola Guffin Dill.
JAMES T. ARBUCKLE
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Rooms 7—8, I. 0. 0. F. Bldg.
HOWARD E. BARRETT
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Rooms 9—10, I. 0. 0. F. Bldg.
CHAUNCEY W. DUNCAN
Peoples Bank Bldg. Phone 1758
A. L. GARY
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Peoples National Bank
LOUIS C. LAMBERT
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Abstracts, Loans and Real Estate.
1091/2 N. Main St. Phone 1237.
FRANK J. HALL GEORGE W. CAMPBELL
HALL & CAMPBELL
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
SAMUEL L. INNIS
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Peoples National Bank.
JOHN H. KIPLINGER DONALD L. SMITH
KIPLINGER & SMITH
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
Smith & Cambern Bldg.
JOHN D. MEGEE A. J. ROSS
MEGEE & ROSS
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
Miller Law Bldg.
BENJAMIN F. MILLER
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Miller Law Bldg.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
T. M. OFFUT
LAW AND ABSTRACT
Phone 3268 245 N. Main st.
WALTER E. SMITH
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Rushville National Bank Bldg. Phone 1318
A. C. STEVENS
132 N. Main Street.
JOHN Q. THOMAS
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
INSURANCE. Phone 1215.
JOHN A. TITSWORTH
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Miller Law Bldg.
SAMUEL L. TRABUE
ATTORNEY AT LAW
JAMES E. WATSON
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Miller Law Bldg.
GEO. W. YOUNG VINCENT YOUNG
YOUNG & YOUNG
Peoples National Bank Bldg.
VERL A. BEBOUT
Cor. Fourth and Main Streets.
Phones: Office 2016, Residence 1525.
DR. CARL F. BEHER
Phone 1411. 116 West Third St.
P. H. CHAD WICK
Phone 1488. 203 West Third St.
CHARLES S. GREEN
134 E. 2nd St.
Phones: Office 1102, Residence 1598.
FRANCIS R. McCLANAHAN, D.D.S.
118 West 3rd Street.
DR. HALE H. PEARSEY
103 East Third St.
Phones: Office 1798, Residence 1510.
DR. FRANK SMITH
229 N. Morgan St.
Phones: Office 1496, Residence 1297.
DR. FRANK SPARKS
310 N. Main St. Phone 1233.
Designing, Surveying and Landscaping.
ARVEL R. HERKLESS
CONTRACTOR AND ENGINEER
1005 N. Main St. Phone 1492.
A. T. MAHIN
City Water, Light and Power Plant.
REV. A. D. BATCHELOR
ST. PAUL'S METHOD] ST CHURCH
REV. S. G. HUNTINGTON
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
REV. IRA D. LAMBERT
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
REV. M. W. LYONS
ST. MARY'S CATHOLIC CHURCH
REV. W. A. JAMIESON
UNITED PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
REV. VIRGIL W. TEVIS
DISTRICT SUPT. OF M. E. CHURCH.
REV. C. M. YOCUM
MAIN STREET CHRISTIAN CHURCH
CO-OPERATIVE STUDIOS OF MUSIC
Miss Olive Biiell, Primary, 1st and 2nd Years.
DUNNING SYSTEM FOR BEGINNERS IN CLASS WORK
Miss Jessie Kitchen, Intermediate and Advanced.
EFFA ELLIS PERFIELD SYSTEM
OF KEYBOARD HARMONY IN CLASS WORK.
MISS JENNIE G. MADDEN
TEACHER OF PIANO
833 N. Main St. Phone 3240.
THE DUNNING SYSTEM
MRS. LUCY MEREDITH.
516 North Morgan St. Phone 1756.
DR. W. S. COLEMAN
315 N. Main St.
Phones: Office 1045, Residence 1444.
DR. D. H. DEAN
Corner Morgan and Third Sts.
Phones: Office 1025, Residence 1100.
FRANK H. GREEN, M.D.
Office: 134 E. Second St. Phone, 1102.
Residence: 314 N. Perkins St. Phone 1235.
DR. LOWELL M. GREEN
Office: Telephone Bldg. Phone, 1567.
Residence: 329 E. Sixth St. Phone, 1129.
C. H. GILBERT, M.D.
EYE AND EAR SURGEON
331 N. Main St. Phone 1058.
FRANK G. HACKLEMAN, M.D.
EYE, EAR, NOSE AND THROAT
Phones: Office 1119, Residence 1209.
DR. JOS. B. KINSINGER
Graduate of the American School of Osteopathy,
at Kirksville, Mo.
Kramer Bldg. Phones: Office 1587, Res. 1281.
DR. H. V. LOGAN
The Logan Bldg.. 333 N. Main St., Phone 1225.
Residence, 520 N. Morgan St. Phone 1423.
DR. CHAS. H. PARSON
Office:: 410 N. Main St.
J. T. PAXTON, M.D.
Office: Logan Building. Phone 1485.
Residence: 333 W. 7th St. Phone 1199.
DR. J. C. SEXTON
Office: West Fifth St. Phone 3212.
WILL G. SMITH
Office Phone 1001. Residence Phone 1084.
D. D. VAN OSDOL, M.D.
Office: 229 N. Morgan St.
Phones: Home 3214, Office 3114.
E. I. WOODEN, M.D.
Office: Poimdstone Bldg.
Phones: Home 1683, Office 1394.
DR. D. D. DRAGOO
Office: 125 S. Main St. Call day or night.
Phones: Office 1062, Residence 1136.
R. J. HALL, D.A.Se.
SPECIAL ATTENTION TO IMMUNING HOGS.
DR. A. A. MULL
122 S. Main St. Phone 1668.
CHARLES G. NEWKIRK
Abstracts of Title. Fire and Tornado Insurance.
299 No. Main St. Phone 3252.
That Knows the People, When and What to Sell
KNECHT & GARTIN
136 East Second St. Phones: 1665, 1731.
LAKIN'S TAXI AND AUTO LIVERY
CALLS MADE DAY OR NIGHT
Day Phone 1338. Night Phone, Lakin 1719.
BAK E Rl ES
T. L. PHELPS, Prop.
Phone 2060. 125 W. Second St.
A. F. TALBERT
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
High Grade Bakery Goods
Phone 1419. McLaren St.
QUALITY BAKE SHOP
We buy our Flour from Rush County farmers.
W. M. BROWN
Phone 1415. 135 East First St.
J. J. GERAGHTY
Phone 1092. South Main Street.
E. M. KELLEY
Phonel052. 119 East Third Street.
A. B. IRVTN, Pres. W. E. WALLACE, Vice-PreB
T. L. HEEP, Sec.
FARMERS TRUST COMPANY
Capital $50,000.00. Surplus $2,500.00.
240 N. Main St.
That a Bank may ren-
der its Customers is
performed by us
and on the very best
A CHECKING AC-
We pay THREE per
cent Interest on SAV-
INGS ACCOUNTS and
No Account too small
to receive Prompt and
A Share of Your
THE PEOPLES LOAN
AND TRUST CO.
"The Home for Sav-
LON LINK, Pres. LEWIS SEXTON, Cashier.
RUSH COUNTY NATIONAL BANK
3% INTEREST PAID ON TIME DEPOSITS.
A. L. WINSHIP, Pres. WILBUR STIERS, Cashier.
RUSHVILLE NATIONAL BANK
Oldest Bank in Rush County.
Capital $100,000.00. Surplus $75,000.00.
Northeast Corner Main and Second Streets.
A Full Line of Toilet Articles.
214 N. Main St.
GREEK CANDY STORE
221 Main St.
HOME 3kIADE CANDY AND ICE CREAM.
(Continued) ___^ . , ^
CARON'S ICE CREAM
Phone 1300. 212 N. Main Street.
VISIT THE SANITARY
ICE CREAM PARLOR
115 West Second Street.
L. E. WALLACE
Phone 1392 South Perkin St.
Carriage Building and Repairing.
Automobile Painting a Specialty.
Refitting of Rubber Vehicle Tires.
MRS. GEORGE W. THOMAS
Breeder of Barred Plymouth Rock Chickens.
324 N. Perkins St. Phone 1609.
BLISS & COWING
WILL G. MULNO
$10 and $15 SUITS AND OVERCOATS
Phone 1312. 109 W. Second St.
KNECHT'S 0. P. C. H.
230 N. Main St. Phone 1397.
CLOTHIER AND HATTER.
DANIEL F. MATLOCK
HARD AND SOFT COAL.
Phone 3237. West Second, by J. M. & I. Station
ORNAMENTAL AND STUCCOING.
BUILDER AND CONTRACTOR.
E. V. BERGEN
Cement Work and Asphalt Street Paving.
Road and Bridge Builder.
Street and Road Oiling.
HALL GREEN DERBY GREEN
GREEN & GREEN
MILK THAT IS MILK
PAINTS AND WALL PAPER
Interior and Exterior Decorator.
309 North Main Street. Phone 1035.
THE G. P. McCARTY CO.
WALL PAPER AND PAINT
Phone 1572. 114 W. Third Street.
WE'HE IN BUSINESS FOR YOUR HEALTH
COURT HOUSE DRUG STOFE
THE PENSLAR STORE
COURT HOUSE STORE
V. H. McCONNELL
109 N. Main St. Phone 1551,
HARGROVE & MULLIN
239 N. Main Street. Phone 1403.
BUY DRUGS OF
HE HAS IT.
F. E. WOLCOTT, Druggist
KADAKS, PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES
Phone 1153. Main Street.
BxiLL & BEBOUT
Phones: 1154 and 3276.
HOSIERY, CORSETS, HAVENS SHOES
116 East Second Street.
E. R. CASADY
227 Main St. Phone 1143.
DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, CARPETS,
SUITS, CLOAKS, SKIRTS.
GUFFIN DRY GOODS CO.
CLEANEST STOCK BEST SERVICE
FOR EVERYTHING IN DRY GOODS, ETC.
112 East Second Street.
The History of Rush County
Would be incomplete without the mention of
THE MAUZY COMPANY
Rush County's Largest Dry Goods Store for 60 Years.
STERN & CO.
OUTFITTERS TO WOMEN
220 N. Main Street.
FACTOR, Es^^^^ E. FRANCIS CO.
GLUE ROOM EQUIPIMENT
WOODWORKING MFGY., FACTORY TRUCKS
DARNELL AND BOYS
ICE CREAM AND ICES
Phone 1099. 221 N. Morgan Street
INNIS PEARCE & CO.
NATIONAL MANUFACTURING CO.
FARM GATES AND FIXTURES.
THE PARK FURNITURE COMPANY
PARLOR AND LIBRARY TABLES,
PEDESTALS AND TABORETS
Frank S. Reynolds, Manager. Anna B. Cox.
REYNOLDS MFG. CO.
DEALERS IN LOGS, COAL AND WOOD.
RUSHVILLE FURNITURE CO.
Manufacturer of BED ROOM FURNITURE
CIRCAUSION WALNUT, MAHOGANY,
OAK, AND BLACK WALNUT
A. B. Irvin, Pres. J. Clias. Caldwell, Mgr.
Theo. L. Heeb, Treas.-Sec.
RUSHVILLE GLOVE COMPANY
(Continued) _ ___^
FAIR PROMIS 5C CIGAR
VEGA 17th IOC CIGAR
THE PINES FARM
GEO. P. SMALLEY
LIVERY AND FEED BARN
301 E. 2iid St. Phone 1571.
A. B. NORRIS
DEALER IN ARMOUR'S HIGH GRADE
ANIMAL MATTER FERTILIZER
Office H. M. Cowing.
V. W. NORRIS
HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS
Office: Polk's Hdw. Co. Phone: Res. 1631.
CITY GREEN HOUSES
High Class Funeral and Wedding Designs
Cut Flowers and Decorative Work a Specialty
Low Prices and Fine Quality Our Strong Feature
GEO. W. FLEENER, Prop. Phone 1639.
GLENN E. MOORE
Phone 1409. 359 East Sixth Street.
A. L. SCHETGEN
Phone 2047. Belmont.
FRED A. CALDWELL
North Side Square
Office Phone 1051. Residence Phone 1231.
GEO. C. WYATT & CO.
FURNITURE AND FUNERAL SUPPLIES
Phones: 1019, 1081, 1261, 1733.
WILL E. HAVENS, Pres.
PEOPLES NATURAL GAS COMPANY
GEO. W. OSBORN, Sec.
Repairing- Sundries Storage
THE BUSSARD GARAGE
0. F. BUSSARD, Proprietor.
Cor. Perkins and Second St. Phone 1425.
AUTO LIVERY, REPAIR WORK
Bewteen 2nd and 3rd off Perkins St.
LONG & WINSHIP, Proprietors.
AUTO REPAIRING DAY STORAGE FREE
East Second St.
THE GIFT STORE
Rushville, Ind. R. H. JONES. Greensburg, Ind.
BOOKS AND STATIONERY
CHINA AND FANCY GOODS
BALL & ORME
GRAIN, SEEDS, FLOUR. FEED AND SALT
Elevator on C, H. & D. R. R.
RUSHVILLE CITY MILLS
C. J. BICKHART, Proprietor
MEAL AND ALL KINDS OF FEED GRINDING
South Morgan St.
IF YOU WANT SANITARY FLOUR USE
FOR SALE AT ALL GROCERIES
THEO. H. REED & SON
GRAIN, FLOUR AND FEED
Phone 1079. Elevator on West Second St.
WINKLER GRAIN CO.
GRAIN, SEEDS, FLOUR, FEED AND SALT
Elevator on Second and Cerro Gordo Sts.
A. L. ALDRIDGE
GROCERS AND FRUITS
Phone 1406. 106 East Second St.
San Marts and Old Master Coffees
ARE TWO THE BEST COFFEES SOLD ANYWHERE
We have the exclusive sale of them in Rushville.
L. L. ALLEN
327-329 Main St. Phone 1420.
CHAS. R. BERRY
FANCY AND STAPLE GROCERIES
Phone 1156. 234 W. Second Street.
B. A. BLACK
GROCERIES AND NOTIONS
132 West Second Street. Phone 1133.
GROCERIES BEST BRANDS OF COFFEE AND TEA
Highest Price Paid for Country Produce
Phone 1861. 103 East First Street
W. E. CLARKSON & SON
STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES
Phone 1501 509 W. Third St.
THE HOME OF GOOD THINGS TO EAT
105 W. First St. Phone 1148.
COURT HOUSE GROCERY
STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES
JOHN W. COHEE, Prop. Phone 1150.
L. H. HAVENS & CO.
STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES
Cor. 7th and Main. Phone 1176.
EXCLUSIVE AGENT FOR
CHASE & SANBORN'S COFFEE AND TEA
DEALER IN STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES
Cor. Sexton and Seventh Sts.
J. KELLY, JR.
227 Main St. Phone 1123.
McKEE GROCERY CO.
STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES
West 5th St. Phone 1188.
JOHN M. PERRY
FRUITS, VEGETABLES, GROCERIES AND MEATS
Phone 1624. West Seventh Street.
OUR FALL AND WINTER LINE
OF 1500 IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC WOOLENS
ARE OPEN TO YOUR INSTRUCTION
237 N. Main Street.
GUNN A. HAYDON
HARDWARE, STOVES AND CABINET MANTELS
Most Complete Stock in Rush County.
Prompt Delivery. Phone 1042.
E. E. POLK
FOR UNEXCELLED HARDWARE
Stoves and Nifty Sporting Goods.
119 W. 2d St. Phone 1340.
JOHN B. MORRIS
Hardware, New Process Gas Ranges, Coil Oil Stoves, Florence
Hot Blast and Coal Stoves, Anker Halth Cream Sepa-
rators, Oliver Plows, Rude Grain Drills and Belling.
S. W. NICHOLAS, Prop.
SELLS MEAL TICKETS.
0. p. WAMSLEY, Prop.
Phone 1120. 113 South Main Street
P. A. MILLER, Prop.
When in Rushville Visit
THE GRAND HOTEL
AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN
Rooms 50 ets. Dining Room in Connection.
BEERS COTTAGE HOTEL
BOARD BY THE WEEK, DAY OR MEAL.
335 N. Morgan St. Phone 1168.
THE ROSS HOUSE
325 NORTH MAIN STREET
NIPP INSURANCE & REALTY CO.
INSURANCE, LOANS AND REAL ESTATE
Phone 2084. Rushville Nat. Bank.
R. F. SCUDDER
I. 0. 0. F. Bldg. Phone 1179.
H. M. COWING
HARNESS, BUGGIES, CARRIAGES AND IMPLEMENTS
113-117 W. First St.
E. A. LEE
SPECIALIZING IN IMPLEMENTS
Phone 1010. South Jackson St.
WE THANK YOU FOR YOUR PAST PATRONAGE
AND TRUST THAT WE MAY, BY CLEAN
METHODS, RETAIN IT.
J. W. TOMPKINS
East First Street.
BUGGIES, HARNESS AND
ALL KINDS OF FARM IMPLEMENTS.
IRON, METALS, RUBBER AND HIDES
Phone 1516. 315 N. Sexton Street.
JEWELERS AND OPTICIANS
Phone 1649. 233 N. Main St.
DIAMONDS, WATCHES, JEWELRY, SILVERWARE
Cor. Main and Third Streets.
W. B. POE & SON
JEWELERS AND OPTICIANS
N. Main Street.
THE RUSHVILLE LAUNDRY
Lee Pyle, Proprietor.
SOFT WATER FOR WASHING.
320 N. Morgan St. Phone 1342.
A. C. BROWN
STOCKS — FARM LOANS — BONDS
Phone 1296. Cutter Bldg.
JOHN P. FRAZEE
LUMBER, COAL, SWIFT'S FERTILIZER,
WIRE FENCE AND POSTS
J. W. PINNELL R. C. TOMPKINS
PINNELL-TOMPKINS LUMBER CO,
When you have Hogs to Sell, call on
H. H. KRAMER
PORK AND BEEF PACKER
220 Main St. Phone 1569.
THE PEOPLE MEAT MARKET
THE ONLY SANITARY MARKET IN THE CITY.
Phone 2026. Davis & Lyons, Prop.
L. C. SHARP
Phone 1310. 715 West Second St.
FRESH AND SALT MEATS
TRY DOVE BRAND HAMS
MRS. BELLE OLIVER COSAND
Phone 1495. 118 West Second St.
MISS IDA DIXON
MILLINERY AND HAIR GOODS
108 West Second St. Phone 1681.
J. B. SCHRICHTE
Manu factors of
ARTISTIC MONUMENTS AND MAUSLOEUMS
117-121 Main St. Established 1859.
ELLMAN & SON
EXCELSOR AND INDIANA MOTOR CYCLES
Phone 2017. 121 East First St.
YOUR HOME PAPER.
We Make Artistic Job Work a Specialty.
THE VOORHIS STUDIO
Phone 1450. 122 W. 2nd St.
FOR ANYTHING PHOTOGRAPHIC
DOROTHY M. BOOTH, Prop.
BOXLEY'S PIANO STORE
, Is Headquarters for the
FAMOUS COLUMBIA GRAFOUSLAS
AND RECORDS FOR ALL TALKING MACHINES.
Visit the New Boxley Store on West Second Street.
JOHN A. SPURRIER
A. P. WAGONER
PIANOS AND PLAYER PIANOS
Phone 1336. 305 N. Main St.
TINNERS, ROOFERS, AND PLUMBERS
HEATING CONTRACTORS SANITARY PLUMBERS
On tlie Square. Phone 1044.
CAPP PLUMBING AND ELECTRICAL CO.
SANITARY PLUMBING, HOT WATER HEATING
Masonic Bldg. Phone 1091.
PLUMBING AND HEATING
MOTORCYCLES AND BICYCLES
Phone 1521. 223 N. Morgan St.
RUSHVILLE PLUMBING & HEATING CO.
J. H. LAKIN, Manager
311 N. Main Street. Phone 1338.
ARCADE POOL ROOM
WALKER & HOSIER, Proprietors.
118 East Second St. Phone 1363.
O'NEIL AND RYAN
POOL ROOM AND BASE BALL HEADQUARTERS
Cor. First and Main. Phone 2082.
ADAMS PRODUCE COMPANY
203 South Main Street
HOMER W. COLE
REAL ESTATE AND INSURANCE
Phone 3252. N. Main Street.
JOHN C. FRAZIER
THE LEADING LAND SALESMAN OF INDIANA
Office: 631 N. Morgan St., Rushville, Ind.
WARREN P. ELDER
REAL ESTATE BOUGHT, SOLD AND TRADED.
Phone 1395. 218 North Main Street.
W. E. INLOW
Farm and City Loans at Lowest Rates.
Phone 1395. North Main Street.
MRS. ROBERT RETHERFORD
REAL ESTATE PROPOSITIONS THAT PAY
Farms, Modern Homes, Loans and Collection.
E. B. POUNDSTONE
REAL ESTATE AND INSURANCE
Phone 1688. 234 N. Main Street.
JAMES WORSTER, Prop.
GOOD EATS QUICK SERVICE
110 W. 3d St. Phone 1206.
Phone 1068. 103 West First Street.
WILLIAM A. ALEXANDER
ALEXANDER'S GOLD STANDARD SEED CORN
Rural Route No. 7.
L. E. GING
SINGER SEWING MACHINE
233 N. Main St. Phone 1649.
THE SHOP FOR GOOD SHOES
TRY THEM and be pleased.
BEN A. COX
THE SHOE MAN
WE FIT YOU
E. M. OSBORNE
232 N. Main St.
TYNER, THE TAILOR
218 Main Street.
CO-OPERATIVE TELEPHONE COMPANY
321 North Main St. Automatic System.
THE BEST IN PICTURES AND MUSIC
311 N. Main St. Phone 1635.
E. W. ALBRIGHT
FURNACES ROOFING REPAIRING
DRAKIS, WELCOME VARIETY STORE
FRESH CANDIES, PEANUTS, HOSIERY FANCY CHINA,
DINNERWARE AND KITCHEN WARE.
The Store Where You Are Always Welcome.
Abercrombie, Mrs. T 60
Alexander, James 23
Amos, J. M 48
Andrews, J 67
Anderson, Aaron 14
Armstrong, Jos 54
Arnold, Isaac 14
Arnold, Dr. John 15
Arnold, John 21,59
Arnold, William 53
Arnold, W. W 25
Anthony, Dr 66
Atwater, Amzi 25
Baker, D 66
Barr, Thomas 29
Bebout, John 54
Bebout, J. H 49
Beckner, Mr 10
Benton, Prof 26
Benton, Allen 26
Berry, E 42
Bigger, Samuel 42
Blacklidge, Richard 15
Blacklidge, Amos 33
Bodine, Samuel 39
Bohannon, Martin 54
Boyd, J. F 49
Brackner, Wm 13
Branan, David 45
Bridges, A 67
Brittain, Rev. G. B 29
Brown, Admiral 58
Brown, Ryland 14
Bupelt, Wm 19
Burt, Levin 66
Bussell, William 16
Butler, A. P 67
Butler, G 67
Caldwell, Geo 42
Caldwell, Jonathan 48
Caldwell, James 48
Caldwell, Jas 49
Campbell, Alva 56
Campbell, Geo 25
Capp, Fred A 49
Carr, Harvey 12
Carr, Harvey W 39
Carr, Johnny 39
Carr, T. J 46
Carr, Roland 44
Caskey, S. H 67
Cassady, Thos 52
Cassady, Weir 49
Case, J. D 29
Chase, Mrs. Geo. A 27
Chase, Geo. A 27
Clark, George 35, 42,53
Clark, John 65
Clark, Elisha 15
Clark, Louis 15
Collins, James 66
Conde, Adam 42
Cotton, T. A 48
Cotton, Jos 31
Cotton, Joseph 22
Cox, Normal 25
Cox, R. S 42
Cramer, Lucretia 25
Crawford, David A 21
Crowe, J. F 29
Crusan, Mrs 15
Cullen. Wm 40
David, John 66
Davis, Ben 2
Davis, Sam 12
Denning, Capt. B. F 38
Desha. Miss Mary 78
Dinwiddle, Mrs. J. W 80
Duncan, Steph 56
Eden, Edgar 24
Eden, John R 24
Edwards, J 66
Eggleston, Mr 13
Farquhar, Capt. J. H 70
Frame, Dr 13
Frame, William 42
Frazee, E. S 48
Frazee, Capt. J. H 70
Frazer, Aaron 14
Gardner, Landon 56
Gavin, Jas 41
Gelpin, Thos. A 27
Gilbert, Mrs. C. H 60
Goodwin, Enoch 22
Gowdy, J. K 64
Graham, David 27
Graham, Andrew 28
Gray, John 47
Gray, William 47
Green, J. W 66
Guffin, Henry 14
Guffin, John 54
Guffin, Mrs. Sarah C 80
Guffin, J. P 75
Gwinn, Jas 42
Gwinup, N. H 67
Hackleman, P. A
34, 39, 42, 47, 64
Hackleman, Elijah 21
Hall, W. S 28,48
Hall, Frank J 28
Hamilton, Jos 12
Hare, John 41
Harrison, Mrs. B 78
Haven, W. E 54
Havens, Jas 30
Havens, Rev. James 16
Havens, James 32
Havens, James 32
Hayden, Nehemiah 37
Hays, John 14
Helm, Jeff 13
Helm, Alice 25
Helm, Lizzie 25
Helm, Dr. J 60
Helm, Jeff 42
Hendricks, Thos 42
Henley, Henry 65
Henly, Judith 31
Hibben, Gertrude (Robin-
Hibben, Geo 35
Hiflin, Reuben 22
Hilligoss, Sanford 34
Hilligoss, Elias 40
Hite, J 67
Hodges, Zachariah 11
"Hog" Walker 49
Holmes, Mary 60
Hood, J. R 67
Hopkins, M. B 22,27,31
Hopkins, M. B 31
Hoshour, S. K 26
Hoshour, Prof 26
Howland, John 13
Hudson, Austin 31
Hutchinson, Robert 75
Hyde, M. B 31
Irwin, Arthur 35
James, Daniel 75
Jarrett, J 67
Jones, W. A 48
Jones, Lieut. J. B 70
Jones, J. B • 73
Julian, John 11
King, Edward A 38
King, Col 39
Kipper, Dr 13
Knapp, 1 66
Landon, Nelle 25
Landon. Jennie 25
Larabee, W. C 50
Laughlin, W. B 2, 21
Laughlin, Jennie 24
Laughlin, Harmony 59
Laughlin, William B 21
Lazure, Miss 23
Leisure, N. J 70,74
Link, L 35, 54, 59
Lockwood, Mrs. Mary S. . . 78
Loder, I. B 48
Looney, Peter 14
Looney, David 16, 18, 19
Looney, John 18
Looney, John 18, 19
Looney, Mrs. J 19
Looney, Geo 20
Looney, Mrs. Mary A 27
Marlatt, Anna 60
Martin, Wm 13
Martin, Dr 25
Mauzy, Capt. J. H 38
Mauzy, A. G 59
Mauzy, G. W 49
Morgan Amaziah 11
McComus, Henry 13
McGinniss, J. B 74
McDaniel, L 49
McDill, N. C 29,32
McDiiffey, Robert 31
McMillin, John T 48
McReynolds, W. C 35
Moffett, Rebecca A 28
Moore, Mrs. J. W 80
Moreley, Harriet 25
Morgan, Amaziah 42
Morris, John 29
Morris, Mr 13
Morris, Judge Bethuel.... 16
Morris, Judge Douglas ... 64
Morrison, Sarah 24
Moses, John 32
Mowers, Siddie 60
Mull, Cyrus 25
Mull, Jacob 44, 66
Murphy, J 66
Norris, Bradford 8
Norris, A. N 57
Norris, D. C 57
Oglesby, Laura A.
Oglesby, Jos 35
O'Kane, John 29, 32
Oliver Bros 49
Parsons, Matthias 21
Pavey, Absalom 54
Paxton, Mrs. T. J 60
Payne, Edwin 35
Payne, Earl 35
Pearsey, Wm 18
Peckham, W. L 74
Piper, J 67
Pensioners, 1835 36
Pensioners, 1840 36-37
Perkins. John 11
Perry, John 54
Petry, Kathryn 60
Peters, Henry 30
Phipps, Isaac 21
Phillips, R. H 48
Points, John 15
Posey, Alfred 42
Presley, J. N 29
Pritchard, Henry 26
Privates Civil War 70
Pugh, Ella 60
Pugh, Dr 17
Pugh, Thomas 27
Pugh, Ren 35
Puntenny, Geo 54
Rawlings, Mr 23
Rawlings, Lydia 23
Readle, John 54
Reeve, B. F 21,23,42
Reeve, John 35, 54
Reeve, Geo. W 49
Remington, James 23
Ringel, Frank 46
Robinson, J. T 64
Robinson, H. C 67
Robinson, John 34
Rosecrans, Gen 38
Runnels, Dr 53
Runion, R 66
Rush, Benjamin 2
Rush, P. W 25
Sailors, Benj 14
Sailors, Conrad 11
Santa Ana, Gen 38
Sexton, H. G 13, 25
Sexton, L 35,64
Sexton, Leonidas 25, 64
Sexton, Mrs. H 60
Sexton, L 64
Shaw, Knowles 31.
Shawhan, John 47, 48, 49
Shrader, E. W 49
Sims, Stephen 14
Sleeth, Geo. B 64
Sleeth, Miss Mary 80
Smith, Wm 25
Smith, John 11
Smith, Jeremiah 49
Spacy, Oscar 76
Spann, J. J 64
Spurrier, J. H 40
Spurrier, John 56
Steele, M 66
Stevens, Jack 13
Stewart, D. M 25
Strange, John 29
Stewart, D. M.. . .31, 32, 42, 59
Stewart, Mrs 53
Stewart, T. L 67
Swanson, Ed 14
Swanson, Edward 1 15
Taylor, Gen 38
Test, Mr 13
Test, Charles H 10
Test, Chas 42
Thomas, W. W 25
8, 26, 31, 38, 42, 43, 45
Thomas, D. L 43,49
Thomas, J. Q 59
Thomas, Louis 53
Thomson, Jas 58
Thomas, Uriah 34
Thompson, Alfred 21
Thompson, J. P 29
Thompson, M 66
Thrasher, Wm 25
Thrasher, W. W 48
Tingley, Geo 13,42
Tingley, Susan 18
Tingley, Frank 18
Tingley, Hon. G. B 37
Touts, John 54
Vance, Sam 54
Veeder, Chas 52
Walker, A. P 49
Walker, "Hog" James ... 21
Wallace, Thos 12
Walworth, Mrs. Ellen 78
War 1812-14 37
War, Black Hawk 37
Ward, Beverly 19
Warner, Carrie 25
Warner, Lydia 25
Washam, Mr 16
Webb, Isom 8
Watson, Jas 64
Watson, Jas. E 67
Whitcomb, James 16
Wick, Mr 13
Wick, Wm 14
Wick, Wm. W 16
Wicksham, Wm 12
Wiles, Louis 25
Wiley, James 18,19
Wilson, James 47, 49
Wilson, Samp 48
Wilson, Mrs. Wm 34
Wilson, Dick 34
Wilson, Rich 34
Wolfe, Col. E. H 38
Wolfe, E. H 43
Wolfe, Joel 40
Worster, Thos 13
Worsten, Thos 42
Wright, Jonathan G 75
Wycoff, Garrett 48
Wyman, B 67
Young, Alexander 15
HK 2 79
* b?" Sf ^^*'**'''''' "^'"S ^^® Bookkeeper process
^ ^^ Neutralizing Agent: Magnesium Oxide
Treatment Date: ^yg ^^
PRESERVAf ION TECHNOLOGIES. L^
1 1 1 Thomson Park Drive
Cranberry Township, PA 16066
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