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The first settlers in New Jersey by the name of Rogers ap- 
pear to liav^e come into the province at about the date of its 
division into East and ^Yest Jersey, in 1076. Whilst they 
were all, without doubt, of either English or Irish origin, a 
few of them were probably from some of the older colonies of 
New England, where they are traceable at a still more ancient 
period. The oldest legal records of the State indicate that the 
name was by no means a common one in the earlier }iart of 
the provincial history. One John Rogers came with the Quaker 
colony from London and Yorkshire by whom West Jersey 
was originally settled, and located near Burlington in 1G78. 
He died about 1097, leaving both male and female descendants, 
and was probably the ancestor of the Rogers' of Burlington 
County, who adhered to the Friends' denomination. This stock 
had no known connection with that of Samuel Rogers of 
A[onrnouth, some of whose descendants are noticed in the pres- 
ent sketch. 

According to tradition, Samuel Rogers was from Ireland, of 
highly respectable connections, and possessed of considerable 
estate. With his family, it is said, he brought over his servants 
and household effects, and settled at or near the village of Allen- 
town, Monmouth County. The period of his immigration 
cannot be precisely determined, but there is evidence that it 
was as early as 1731, The date of the first conveyance to 
him to bo found of record, is 17o-l. The purchase was of o23 
acres on Crosswicks Creek, for £500 sterling. Allentown 
which became his place of residence, is an ancient settlement 


dating brick to 1706, and was laid out upon lands belonging to 
Nathan Allen, son-in-law of Robert Burnet, the original pat- 
entee. It is situated in what is now the township of Upper 
Freehold, in the extreme western part of the countv, on a 
branch of Crosswicks Creek, and is eight miles from Borden- 
town, and eleven miles from Trenton. 

Mr. liogers became an extensive land-owner, carried on a 
prosperous mercantile employment, and lived in a style cor- 
responding with his abundant means. lie was a staunch mem- 
ber of the Chuich of England, and the Protestant Episcopal 
organization in AUentown is said to have been founded by his 
family, who donated the lot upon which the first church was 
erected about 1750, and also the burial-place adjoining, which 
is of still earlier date. The original church building was de- 
molished in 1810; and the present edifice erected thirty-live 
years later.' 

Samuel Eogers, as appears from the inscription upon his 
tombstone, died September 17, 1756, aged 64, and, conse- 
quently, was born in 1602. His wile, Mary Kogers, died 
April 14, 1738, at the age of 48. Their remains rest in the 
ancient church ground, now abandoned, beside those of some 
of their descendants, the inclosure being separated by a lane 
from the rear of what was formerly the old family residence. 
In his will, which is dated August 6, 1756, and was proven 
September 22, following, he describes himself as a resident of 
Upper Freehold, County of Monmouth, Eastern division of 
Kew Jersey, "shopkeeper," and names his children in the 
order of their ages. His family Bible, printed in 1736, in the 
possession of Mrs. Anna Rogers Harlow, of Philadelphia, one 
of his descendants, contains numerous records of births, mar- 
riages and deaths, beginning with the five children of Samuel 
and Islary Rogers. These were: 

1 Jhcse statements in relation to the origin of Christ Church of AUen- 
town, as the parish is called, were obtained from a memorandum in the 
Bible foniicrly used in the church, bearing tlie imprint of 17'1'2, and in the 
possession of .Miss 3Iary Gill, residing near the village. Unfortunately all 
the early parish records are lost, and more definite information upon this 
point is unattainable from any other source. 

I. James, born June 8, 1723 ; died January 2, 1713, unmar- 
ried; buried in tlie Episcopal ground at Allentown. 

II. Elizai^etii, born July 10, 1725. She married Colonel 
Joseph Borden, son of Joseph Borden, Esq., the founder of 
Bordentown, Burlington County.' Colonel Borden was an 
ardent Whig in the Ilevolutionary struggle, and "a steadfast 
friend to the liberties of his country in the most trying times." 
He was a deputy from Burlington County to the Provincial 
Convention of New Jersey in 1775, was Colonel of the tirst 
regiment raised from that county for the Continental service, 
and subsequently Commissioner of Loans of the United States 
for the State of New Jersey. In May, 1778, his house and 
stores were burned by a British force sent up the Delaware 
from Pliiladelpuia for the purpose of destroying several ve-sels 
which had been brought for safety to the neighborhood of 
Bordentown. A guard was placed about his dwelling to in- 
sure its destruction, and it is related tliat, during the progress 
of the flames, a British officer having expressed to Mrs. Borden 
his sympathy for her private misfortune, she replied, "I thank 
you, sir, but this is the ha})piest day of my life. I know you 
have given up all hope of reconquering my country, or you 
would not til us wantonly devastate it." Colonel Borden died 
April 8, 1791, and his wife November 2, 1S07, and both are 
buried in the Hopkinson ground at Bordentown. They had 
three children : — 

1. Mary, who married July 21, 1763, Thomas McKean, then 

• The Bordens are said to have settled at Fall River, Massachusetts, in 
1635, and ia New Jersey in 167!), first acquiring land in Bordentown in 
1717, after the death of Thomas Farnsworth, an Englisli Quaker, by whom 
the first settlement was made there in 1681. In a deed from .Joseph Borden, 
Sr., bearing tlie date of 1730, for tlie conveyance of a lot now in the ownership 
of Mr. A. D. Carman, the place is called " Bordenstown." Joseph Borden, 
in 17.jO, established a line of public communication between New Tork and 
Philadelphia by boats and stages. lie died September 2'2, 1765, in his 79lli 
year, and, with his wife, Ann (Conover) Borden, who died March 11, 1745, 
aged 57, lies interred in a small inclosure which he established as a family 
buryingground, situated upon the brink of tlie hill overlooking the Dela- 
ware, at the end of a lane called Church Street. From its sul'sec^uent use 
as a burial-place by members of the Tloiikinson family, it obtaine<l the name 
of the Hopkinson buryiug-ground, by which it is still designated. 


member of the General Assembly of Delaware, and subse- 
quently Chief Justice and Governor of Pennsylvania, She 
died at New Castle March 12, 1773, in her 29th year, leaving 
two sons and four daughters. An obituary' notice of ^[rs. 
McKean, published in the Pennsylvania Gazette of March 17, 
1773, refers in highly eulogistic terms to her exemplary and 
affectionate character in the several relations of daughter, wife 
and mother, her domestic and benevolent qualities, and the 
serenity and Christian resignation with which she met the final 
summons. Her virtues were also commemorated bv her 
brother-in-law, Francis Hopkinson, in some verses which are 
contained in a volume of his literary productions published 
posthumously. Mary Borden was the tirst wife of Governor 
McKean : he subsequently married, 1774, Sarah Armitan-e, of 
New Castle. 

2, Ann, who married at Christ Church, Philadelphia, Sep- 
tember 1, 1763, Francis Hopkinson, signer of the I>3c!aration 
of Independence, and Judge of the Admiralty Court of Penn- 
sylvania. He resided during the Revolution at Bordentown, 

the venerable and historic mansion which he occupied, at the ; 

corner of Farnsworth Avenue and Park Street, built by his v 

father-in-law, Joseph Borden, in 1750. being still in the pos- i 

session of some of his descendants. It was here that he pro- \ 

duced many of his popular political effusions, including the > 

celebrated satire of " The Battle of the Kegs." Mrs. Hopkiu- ^ 
sou survived her husband, and died at Bordentown August 

31, 1827'. They had five children, the eldest of whom was i 

Joseph Hopkinson, the successor, in 1S2S, of Richard Peters i 

as United States District Judge for the Eastern District of 1 

Penns3dvania, and author of the words of the national air, I 

"Hail Columbia." He married, 1791, Emily, daughter of ! 

Governor Thomas Mifflin; died in 1812, and, with his wife, is i 

buried in the Hopkinson ground. j 

3. Joseph, born 1755; married ^fary, daughter of Langhorn j 
Biles, of Bucks County, and niece of Colonel Joseph Kirkbride; i 
served with credit in the Revolutionary^ army ; died October J 
16, 17SS, leaving a daughter Elizabeth, who married Azariah ' 

Hunt. Joseph was the last of the male line of the Borden 

III. Samuel, born February 12, 1727. He resided for 
many years at Allentown, where he held considerable estate, 
part of which w-as left to him by his father. His name is 
found upon a list of Associators organized in 1778 for home 
defence against the enemy and the Tory marauding parties and 
refugees with which Monmouth Coanty Avas especially infested 
during the Revolutionary war.^ The original paper is in the 
office of the Secretary of State, at Trenton. He was appointed 
one of the three Commissioners of Forfeited Estates for Bur- 
lington County by an Act of the New Jersey Assembly passed 
June 5, 1777, entitled "An Act of Free and General Pardon and 
for other purposes therein mentioned." The latter part of his 
life was spent in Burlington County, his death occurring in Ches- 
terfield Township, near Bordentown, in November, 1313, in the 
88th year of his age. His remains are interred in the IIop- 
kinson ground. He was twice married : 1st, May 23, 1765, to 
Sarah Hyne, by whom he had three children, Elizabeth, born 
February 10, 1766, and Samuel, born February 2, 1769, who 
both died in infancy, and Ann, born February 2, 1768, who 
married, November 80, 1790, Samuel Forman,^ and had one 
son, Samuel Rogers, born November 3, 1791 ; died January 
27, 1793. Sarah Hyne Rogers died October 1, 1770, aged 32, 
and is buried in the Episcopal ground at Allentown, Samuel 
Rogers married, 2d, December 24, 1773, Mary Kirkbride, sister 
of Colonel Joseph Kirkbride. She died March 11, 1800, in 
her 72d year, without issue. As he had no children living at 
the time of his death, he divided his estate among collateral 
relatives and his friend and housekeeper, Lydia Bunting. His 

1 Just previous to the battle of Monmouth, which was fought June 28, 
1778, a column of the British army under Lord Corn wallis took up a position 
at Allentown, but, with this exception, the village had an immunity from 
the presence of the enemy during the war, and it sulfered but little in com- 
parison with other sections of the county from the violence of cither the 
foreign or domestic foe. 

* Ue was an officer of the New Jersey line, and belonged to the Mon- 
mouth family of Formans, distinguished for their military services in the 
war for ludepeudeuce. 


residence, a handsome o]d mansion, a little out of Bordentown, 
on the Crosswicks Road, erected by him in 1788, is still occu- 
pied by one of his nieces, Miss Maria II. Nutt. 

IV. Isaac, born February 25, 1728. lie resided all his life 
at Allentown, and engaged in mercantile business, being also 
a large land-owner, and of considerable estate. His family res- 
idence, a quaint one-st->ry frame dwelling, was situated ou the 
main street, between the two taverns. It was torn down in 
1878, having stood for considerabl}'- over a century. Mr. 
Rogers was an active promoter of the patriotic cause at the 
outset of the Revolutionary struggle, his death occurring before 
the events of the war had demonstrated the success of the pro- 
ject of Independence. He was a member of the Committee of 
Allentown, which was in correspondence on public affairs with 
the Council of Safety of Pennsylvania. In a communication 
of the latter, bearing the date of October 14, 1776, they take 
occasion to refer to the well-known attachment of the Commit- 
tee to the cause of America, and their readiness to render any 
essential service to their country.* Like his father, Isaac 
Rogers was a zealous Episcopalian, and reared his family in 
that communion. He died in April, 1777, aged 49. He mar- 
ried September 29, 1757, Hannah Tallman, of Shrewsbury, by 
whom he had eight children. His wife, who survived him, 
afterwards married, 1778, Colonel Joseph Haight, of Colt's 
Neck. They had no issue. 

The children of Isaac and Hannah Tallman Rogers were: 1. 
Samuel, born July 11, 3 758; died in infancy; 2. Benjamin, 
born October 27, 1759 ; married, 1784, Helena Reading, daugh- 
ter of Daniel and Mary Ried Reading, of Flemington, by 
whom he had seven children;' died in 1794; 3. James, born 

» Pa. Archives, 2d Series, I., 633. 

2 These were, 1. Eupheniia, bora September 23, 1T35 ; married Samuel 
G. Wright; had four children; died March 29, 187G ; 2. Isaac, born No- 
vember, 17SG ; died 1S09, unmarried ; 3. Eliza, born 17S8 ; died 1829, un- 
married ; 4. 5. Robert and Sarah, born 1790 ; the former died 18G4, unmar- 
ried, and ti)e latter married Henry Bostwick, Professor of Languages in the 
University of Xew York, and died in 1S30, without issue ; 6. James, born 
November 25, 1702; married February 22, 181G, ^lary, daughter of Kzekiel 
and Anna Robbins; had four children ; died Dtcembcr I'O, 18G8 ; 7. He- 


January 14, 17Go — of whom further notice is made — married 
February 1(3, 1779, Harriet Luttrell ; had seven children; died 
May 29, 1791 ; 4. Eiiza])eth, born August 22, 1704, married 
James Wilson; had one dauglitcr, Mary, Avho died unmarried; 
5. Mary, born July 17, 1767; married, April G, 1797, Lloyd 
Wharton, son of Thomas Wharton, Jr., President of the Su- 
preme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, by his first wife 
Susanna, daughter of Thomas Lloyd ; no issue ; 6. Sarah, born 
August 5, 1769 ; married February 4, 1790, William ILiight, 
son of Colonel Joseph Ilaight, who married the widow of Isaac 
Rogers; had four children, Thomas Griffith; Joseph; Marianne, 
who married John E. Conover, and Charles; died August 1, 
1799; 7. Samuel, born August 12, 1772 ; married, 1st, Decem- 
ber 14, 1797, Helena Heudrickson ; had by her two children; 
2d, July 30, 1609, Sarah, daughter of Lurnet Montgomery; 
had by her seven children ; died about 1^36 ; 8. Ann, born 
January 21, 1774; married Stephen Sicard. 

V. Mary, born February 18, 1730; married Joseph Kirk- 
bride. Colonel Kirkbride was a native of Pennsylvania, of 
Quaker ancestry, and a grandson of Joseph Kirkbride who 
was one of the original settlers of Bucks County, in 1G82. 
He was a member of the Provincial Convention of Defiuties 
of 1774, and of the Convention of 177G, which framed the 
first Constitution of the State; served in the General As- 
sembly from 1776 to 1778, and was Lieutenant of the County 
of Bucks from 1777 to 1780, in which latter capacity he 
was charged with the duty of raising the various levies 
for the Continental service. He also commanded, in 1775, 
the First Battalion of the Backs County Associators. In 1778, 
while the British occupied Philadelphia, the lower part of 

Icna, born Jrinnary, 1704 ; married John C. Chambers ; liad five children ; 
died November 4, 1S70. Benjamin Rogers died offL-ver at Readinir, Penn- 
sylvania, in the autumn of 1794, while serving in the expedition against the 
" Whiskey Insurrection" in Western Pennsylvania, in the capacity of a 
non-commissioned officer of the New Jersey militia. His widow, Helena 
Reading Rogers, aftr-rwards marrii d Captain Jnnus Montiromery, and had 
three children, John, Kstlier, and William R., Major U. S. A., and subse- 
quently Brigadier-Gcueral U, S. V. 


Bucks County was greatly infested with Tories, who were 
supporrcd and encouraged in tbeir depredations upon their 
neighbors by the enemy in the city. Colonel Kirkbride's 
activity in the cause of Independence excited the special hos- 
tility of the disalTected. The British burned his handsome 
residence and all his other buildings at " Bellevue," opposite 
Bordentown in the month of May, at the same time thev de- 
stroyed the property of his brother-in-law, Colonel Borden. 
In a communication addressed shortly afterwards to President 
Wharton, of the Supreme Executive CouuciV Colonel Kirk- 
bride attributes this act to the malice of a neighbor, without 
indicating the individual.^ He then removed permanently to 
Bordentown, and built a large brick mansion on the river bank, 
at the end of the main street, which is still standing, and which, 
with some subsequent additions, has been occupied for many 
years as a young ladies' seminary .^ Colonel Kirkbride died 
October 26, 1603, aged 72, and a monument over his remains 
in the Hopkinsou ground commemorates his services in the 
cause of his country. Mary Rogers Kirkbride, his wife, died 
in 1S03, aged 78, They had no issue. 
James Rogers, before mentioned — son of Isaac and Hannah 

> Pa. Arobives, 1st Series, VI., 503, 

* " The captain of the party and several of the officers informed that Miss 

: ' Polly Kiche, sometime in the city with the enemy, daughter of Mr. Thomas 

).. Riche who lives opposite to Bordentown, made them promise to burn Col- 

onel Kirkbride's house before they returned from the expedition." Penn. 
sylraidu Pachet, June 0, 1778. Mr. Charles Biddle. afterwards Vice-Pres- 
ident of the State, who had shortly before tliis commanded an armed brig 
which ]ay in the Delaware, oil Bordentown, to guard the stream, and who 
had enjoyed the hospitality of both Colonel Kirkbride and Mr. Riche, being 
much in the society of the daughters of the latter, discredits the malicious 
agency here imputed to Miss 3Iary Riche in the affair of the destruction of 

^ Colonel Kirkbride's property, considering it inconsistent wiih the well- 

} known amiability of her character, thougii he admits she had good reason to 

detest Kirkbride, who had her father, (a noted Tory,) taken, when ill of the 
gout, and confined in Newtown jail. Autobiogniphy of Charles Biddle, 103. 
» The noted Thomas Paine, who, like himself, was a zealous Whig, and 
had employed his literary talents with marked effect in the patriotic cause, 
often visited Colonel Kirkbride at his residence here, and traditious of the 

■ ■ animated incidents of his sojourn in the village are still handed down in Bor- 

1 dentown. 


Tallman Rogers — was born January 14, 17G3, He occupied 
the old family residence at Allentown, left to liini Ly his father. 
In 1787 he Avas elected as one of the three Representatives 
from Monmouth to the Twelfth General Assembly of New Jer- 
sey, which convened October 23d. The qualification of a mem- 
ber then was that he should be worth an estate of £500. He 
was re-elected in 17SS and 1789, his period of service termi- 
nating June 12, 17'.'0. He died May 29, 1791, at the early ajxe 
of 2>>, leaving a widow and seven children. His remains rest 
in the Episcopal ground at Allentown, Ilis personal property 
was inventoried at £303 7s. lOd. By his will he divided his 
estate equally between his wife and children, and directed that 
his sons should be put to trades, if convenient. He appointed 
as his executors, his wife, his brother Benjamin and his friend 
William Lloyd. 

James Rogers married Februar\^ 10, 1779, Harriet Luttrell, 
daughter of Henry Lawes Luttrell, afterwards Earl of Car- 
hampton, and Elizabeth Mullen.^ She is said to have been 

1 Elizabeth Mullen w<i3 the dMUg:hter of John and Elizabeth ^Tullen of 
Amwell, Hunterdon county. The faniily -vvas of excellent social standiuff, 
and of considerable estate. John Mullen died in 1740, leaving a son and 
four daughters, all in their minority. His widow subsequently married a 
Stevenson. They removed to the suburbs of Trenton, and occupied a hand- 
some seat known as the Clay Hill property, the large old brick mansion, 
which is still standing, being situated on what is now Pennington Avenue. 
The marriage of Elizabeth to Luttrell took place in IT.jf). The do-rree of 
romantic interest attending this affair will justify a somewhat extended di- 
gression from the main thread of the sketch. 

Luttrell was the same who is sometimes designated as " Wilkes' Colonel 
Luttrell," from the circumstance of the celebrated Middlesex election in 
1769, when he was admitted as 3Iember of Parliament, in the interest of the 
King and Cabinet, over Wilkes, the champion of constitutional liberty, 
thoiigli ho received a considerably less vote, upon the theory that as Wilkes 
had been previously expelled from the House, he M-as thereby rendered in- 
eligible to re-elrction. Tliis decision the Commons subsequently reversed, 
and the ]>opular agitation to which the case gave rise is familiar to the read- 
ers of modern English political history. Its most lasting memento is the 
"Letters of Junius," in which Luttrell is handled with much severity by 
bis anonymous r.pponf>nt. While the acrimony of these epistles is doubtless 
largely attributable to the heat engendered by the controversy, Lord 3Ia- 
caulay, in his History of Enizland, suggests that it is to be ascribed in part 
to the race prejudices of their reputed author, Philip Francis, who was bora 


a woman of considerable pcri^onal beauty. After her hus- 
band's death she contiuned to reside for some years with her 

near Dublin, The LiittrcU family was of Irish descent, and dated its as- 
cendency at the English court, according to the same historian, from the 
period, of the Kevolution of IG'sS, when it forsook, at a critical juncture, 
the cause of James, and e'-poused that of William. Heury was the eld- 
est son of b'imon Luttrcll, Lord Irnham, first Earl of Carhampton, and 
succeeded to that dignity upon the death of liis father in 1787. His sister 
Anne married the Duke of Cumberland, brother of George III. 

Lnttrell, at the date here specially referred to, was a youth under twenty, 
and was serving in America as an ensign in H. M. 4Sth Regiment of Foot, 
then engaged in the campaign against Canada, in the French and Indian 
war. The corps had been quartered sometime in Trenton, and it was here 
that hf' met in society Elizabeth Mullen, a young woman of rare beauty, 
about two years his junior. A mutual and ardent attachment between them 
resulted, which, however, her Himily firmly discouraged. In the summer of 
1759, a commission having been procured for him as Captain in the IGth Regi- 
ment Light Dragoons, Cokmel Burgoyne, then raising in England for per- 
manent service, it became necessary for him to leave America to join his 
command. At this crisis in the affairs of the lovers, Luttrell effected by 
stratagem what could not be otherwise accomplished. An elopement and 
marriage ensued, although, as both parties were under age, the necessary 
legal requirements were wanting to the validity of the contract. After a 
brief absence, the daughter was reclaimed by her mother as a fugitive when 
upon the eve of embarking with Luttrell for England, and he was com- 
pelled to leave the country without her. 

Years passed, — he served with his corps in Portugal and elsewhere, and ■ 
though it is said he endeavored to communicate with Elizabeth, no tidings 
from him ever reached her, and she was at length persuaded to believe 
that she had been deserted. The period iiaving transpired when by the 
laws of the province even binding marriage relations with one absent beyond 
seas and unheard from would have become annulled, she eventually list- 
ened to the suit of a young lawyer of Trenton, David Brearley, whom she 
married about 17GR. Iler daughter, Harriet Luttrell, became a member of 
Mr. Brearley's household, and shared with his own children his affection- 
ate care and regard. 

David Brearley was of Quaker descent, and was one of the most distin- 
guished citizens of his native State. He was licensed as an attorney by 
Governor Franklin in 1707, and served with credit in the War of the Revo- 
lution as Lieutenant-Colonel in the New Jersey line, resigning his commis- 
sion in 1779, upon his appointment, at the early age of 34, as Chief Justice of 
the State, which position he occupied for ten years. He was a member of the 
Convention which framed the Federal Constitution, and of the Convention 
of New Jersey which ratified it. In 17S9 he was appointed by President 
Washington United States District Judge for New Jersey, which office he 


family at AUentown, but about ISOi removed to Bordentown, 
and occupied until the close of her life the former residence of 
Colonel Kirkbride, ^vhich, with other property at that place, 
was purchased out of the estate appropriated to her use bv her 
father, the Earl of C;irhampton, She was married, 2d, to Dr. 
Henry Gale, an Englishman of culture and good family connec- 


filled at the time of his doath in the followins: year. His wife, Elizabeth, 
to whom he was most tenderly attached, died at Allentowii, where they 
then resided, iu 1777, leaving several children, i Judge Brearley afterwards 
married, in 17S3, Elizabeth Higbee, who survived him. 

Harriet Luttrell wa3 married from Judge Brearley's house to James Rog- 
ers. After the death of her husband, she made several visits to her futlier, 
at liis uri^cnt solicitation. The first was in 1791, when, after having under- 
gone the perilsof shipwreck on the Irish coast, she met him at his aucestral 
seat at Luttrellstown, near Dublin. She was the bearer to him of a minia- 
ture of her deceased mother, and the Earl's recognition of his daughter, 
who resembled lier iu fatures, is said to have been most touching and affec- 
tionate. His lordship had married, in 1776, Jane, daughter of George Boyd, 
Esq., of Dublin, reputed to have been one of the most beautiful, as well as 
mozt amiable women of her day. On subsequent occasions Harriet was the 
guest of her father at his elegant estate at Paine's Hill, Surrey, England. She 
was the recipient of many substantial marks of his favor, and continued dur- 
ing her life to be the object of his warm atlection and solicitous care, being 
his only offspring. He settled upon her a considerable estate, of a portion 
of which he constituted Governor Thomas Mclvean and George Emlen. of 
Philadelphia, the trustees for her use. The Earl of Carhampton died at his 
residence in London, April25, 1821, aged about 83, after a most varied and 
eventful career, of the incidents of which the gazettes of the period contain 
abundant evidences. At the time of his death he was Representative of the 
borough of Ludgershall in the Conmious, and stood third in the list of gene- 
rals of the kingdom. Personally he is described as of short stature and 
dark complexion ; of admitted physical courage and benevolent disposition. 
He was succeeded in his title by his only surviving brother John, upon whose 
decease without male issue in 1829, the family honors expired. 

1 The following announcement of her decease is contained in the Penn- 
tyltania Gazette of August 13, 1777: "On the third instant, died, at Allen- 
town, in New Jersey, Elizabeth Brearley, wife of Col. David Brearley, after 
along and painful illnrss, which she bore with great fortitude. It may 
with truth be said of this lady that her external form, (for she was eminently 
beautiful,) was but a fair copy of her mind ; and it would be injustice to lier 
rncmory not to say that she possessed all the qualities that adorn human 


tions, who survived her. She died January 2, 1819, and is 
buried in the Ilopkinson ground at Bordentown.^ 

She bequeatlicd the principal part of her estate to her young- 
est son and executor, William L. Sogers, amongst which were 
her re?-'idence, and a tract of ten acres which be afterwards sold 
to Joseph Bonaparte, adjoining his extensive grounds at ''Point 

The children of James and ITarriet Luttrell Eogers were : 

1. Elizabeth ; born 17S0. She married April 12, 1798, 
Ephraim Terrill Silver, son of John and Isabella Silver, of 
Allentown.^ They had twelve children.^ Ephraim T. Silver 
died about 1S25. Mrs. Silver removed from Allentown to 
Trenton, and subsequently to Philadelphia, where she died 
April 22. 1S'3S. in her SSth year. 

2. Mary; born 17S2 ; married July 10, 1808, James C. Sar- 
miento, whom she survived. They had four children.* ^[rs. 
Sarmieuto resided for many years in Philadelphia, where she 
was long a familiar figure in society, and was regarded as one 

* The tablet over her rt-maius contains the following inscription : " Sa- 
cred to the memory of Harriet Luttrell, daughter of Henry Lawes Luttrell, 
Earl of CarhamptoD : Died January 2nd, 1819, in the o6th year of her age. 
' Jly Flesh shall rest in Hope.' 'For I know that my Redeemer liveth, and 
that He shall stand at the latter day upon the earth.' " The statement of 
her age is an error ; she was about 59. 

' The Silvers' were doubtless descendants of Archibald Silver, who took 
up a right to 100 acres of land in the province in 16SG, by purchase from 
the attorney of Edward Byllinge. The name became, by usage, at a much 
later date, Silrer*. John, the father of Ephraim, died in 1803, aged 82, 
and his mother, Isabella, in 1818. They had several children, one of whom, 
Racht'l, married James Robbins. 

' These were, 1. Louisa, born Jlarch 14, 1799 ; married John Richards ; 
died January 26, 18S0; 2. Isabella, born April 12, 1!^00 ; died in 1S;J2, un- 
married ; 3. Eliza ; married Abraham Kelsey ; 4. Harriet Luttrell, born July 
5, 1805; married William Runyon ; died March 21, 1888; 5. Henry Lut- 
trell; died December 8, 18':^6 ; 6. Henrietta; married George Tickuor ; died 
December 17, 1S55 ; 7. Addison ; born 1810 ; died May 14, 1871 ; 8. 9. Delia 
and Jane ; died in childhood ; 10. George Horatio ; 11. Anna Mary ; mar- 
ried Asahel F. Ward ; 12. Benjamin ; died in infancy. 

* They were, Ferdinand, Francisco and Louis, all of wliom died j-oung, 
and Jane, who married, 1st, John Craig, and, 2d, Edward Biddle, son of 
Nicholas Biddle. 


of the luinJsornest women of her day. She died at Borden- 
town, January 10, 1S7-1-, at the advanced age of 92. 

8. Benjaniin; born about 178-1-. He entered as midsliipman 
in the United States Navy, and was captured by a British man- 
of-war oft' the coast of Africa, in the war of 1812-15, and, with 
the crew, confined in Dartmoor Prison, England, from which he 
was released through the interposition of his grandflither, the 
Earl of Carhampton, with whom he remained until the close of 
hostilities. Upon his return to this country he engaged some 
years in the West India trade, and died, as is supposed, at New 
Orleans, though at what date was never ascertained. 
• 4. Samuel ; born about 1785. "When a mere lad he went to 
sea, in the merchant service ; commanded a privateer during 
the war of 1812-15, and was subsequently associated with his 
brother Benjamin in trading to the West Indies. As in the 
case of the latter, he is believed to have ended his days at New 
Orleans, of which city, it would appear, both had become resi- 

5. Isaac; born about 1786; was also, before the war, some 
time in the merchant trading service, and, when still a young 
man, was lost at sea upon his retarn from a voyage to the West 
Indies, He was unmarried. 

6. William Luttrell; born 1788; entered as midshipman in 
the United States Navy, and was subsequently Lieutenant in 
the army, serving in both capacities in the war of 1812-15, at 
the close of which he resigned his commission. He married 
1st, 1816, Ann Ballantine Murphy, of Westmoreland County, 
Virginia. She died in 1820, and he married, 2d, 1888, Jane, 
sister of the former, who died in 1885. He had two children 
by his first wife.^ He died at Princeton, New Jersey, July 27, 

7. Ann; born about 1790. She married Detmar Basse, of 
Frankfort-on-the-Main, vrhich city he at one time officially rep- 
resented at Paris, in some commercial negotiations witli the 

1 They were, 1. John Murphy, born March 18, 1818 ; graduated Nassau 
Hall, 1837, and Theological Seminary, 1841 ; clergyman of the Preshyteriaa 
church ; resides at Prince-ton ; 2. William Henry Luttrell, born April, 1820 ; 
graduated I^assau Hall, 1838 ; died at Tallahassee, Florida, 1839. 


French government under the First Empire. Mr. Basse had 
been previously twice married, and first came to this country 
in 180-1, having become extensively interested in depreciation 
lands sj^eculations in Western Pennsylvania. The town of 
Zelienople, Butler County, which he laid out about 180G, was 
named after his daughter Zelie, the wife of P. L. Passavant. 
Mr. Basse was a frequent guest of Joseph Bonaparte, the brother 
of Napoleon I., at Bordentown, and it was here he met Ann 
Kogers, whom he married about 1817. Shortly afterwards 
they went to reside in Germany, where Mr. Basse died about 
183(3, and Mrs. Basse, a few years subsequently, returned to 
this country. She resided for many years in Chicago, where 
she married, 2d, Ilenry P^hrenfels, who survived her. She died 
there January 28. 1861. without issue, and was buried at Rose 
Hill Cemetery. Mrs. Basse was a lady of marked personal 
attractions, and highly engaging social qualities. 

4:1. ^