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Full text of "Slang and its analogues past and present. A dictionary, historical and comparative of the heterodox speech of all classes of society for more than three hundred years. With synonyms in English, French, German, Italian, etc"

SLANG 



AND ITS 



ANALOGUES. 



SLANG 

ANALOGUES 

PAST AND PRESENT. 

A DICTIONARY, HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE, OF THE 

HETERODOX SPEECH OF ALL CLASSES OF SOCIETY 

FOR MORE THAN THREE HUNDRED YEARS. 



WITH SYNONYMS IN ENGLISH, FRENCH, GERMAN, 
ITALIAN, ETC. 



COMPILED AND EDITED BY 

JOHN S. FARMER and W. E. HENLEY. 

*##,* 

VOL. II. C. TO Fizzle. /j 




PRINTED FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY. 



MDCCCXCI. 





\B, subs. i. (Uni- 
versity and school 
boys'). An ad- 
ventitious aid to 
study ; a ' crib' ; 
a PONY (q.v. for 
synonyms). [From 
CABBAGE (q.v. ) = pilfe rings.] 

1853. REV. E. BRADLEY (' Cuthbert 
Bede '). Adventures of Verdant Green. 
Those who can't afford a coach get a CAB, 
alias a crib, alias a translation. 

1876. Academy, 4 Nov. , p. 448, col. 21 
The use or translations, ' cribs,' or 'CABS ' 
as boys call them, must at some time or 
other engage the serious attention of 
schoolmasters. [M.] 

2. (old). A brothel : in use 
during the early part of the pre- 
sent century ; now obsolete. [Pro- 
bably a contracted form of 'cabin,' 
some of the older senses of which 
(e.g., a small room, bedroom, or 
boudoir) are in correspondence. 
Parallels exist in other languages, 
and comparison may be made 
with the Fr. cabane, and Sp. 
cabana ; also with the Latin 
taberna = cabin, hut, and brothel. 
The It. bordello (Eng. bordcl) was 
originally precisely equivalent to 
taberna zn&caba7ia, beinga dimin- 

VOL. II. 



utive of borda = cottage, cabin, 
shed, house of boards. All these 
words, and many similar (e.%., 
Latin cella, cellula, the petite 
maison of the French) came to 
be applied in the specifically 
esoteric sense under discussion, 
by an obvious euphuism or famil- 
iamm. which left the nature of 
the hut, booth, cell, or cabin to 
be supplied by those who under- 
stood. Further, ' cabin ' = an 
Eng. rendering of the Latin 
cella, cellula = brothel. Also 
CAB-MOLL ($.v.) t a prostitute, 
originally the moll or molly of a 
cabin, cabane^ or brothel, the 
present meaning being a popular 
misuse founded on a mistaken 
analysis. 3 For all synonyms, see 
NANNY-SHOP. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. Mother, 
hew many tails have you in your CAB ? 
i.e., how many girls have you in your 
bawdy house ? 

Verb (colloquial). I. To pro- 
ceed from one place to another 
by means of a CAB ; Cf., 'to foot 
or hoof it,' ' to tram it,' ' to train 
it,' or 'to 'bus it.' 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers. 
He's a CABBING it, I suppose. 

I 



Cabbage. 



Cabbage. 



1882. BlackwoocFs Magazine, Feb., 
p. 238, col. i. He . . . CABS off to take 
advice. 

2. (schoolboys'). To pilfer ; 
to use a crib. Cf. t CABBAGE, 
verb, of which it is an abbrevia- 
tion. 



CABBAGE, subs. (old). I. Gene- 
rally applied to pieces purloined 
by tailors ; attributively to any 
small profits in the shape of ma- 
terial. Quoted by Johnson as ' a 
canting term,' but now recog- 
nised. There is little chance of 
CABBAGE nowadays, save amongst 
those who ' make up gentlemen's 
own material ' ; but the expres- 
sion is well understood by low- 
class dressmakers. In America 
a corresponding term is ' COLD- 
SLAW (q.v. ) which consists of 
finely-cut cabbage, and represents 
the small remnants known in 
other quarters as ' carpet-rags ' 

or CABBAGE. C/., PlGEON 

SKEWINGS. [The derivation is 
obscure. Murray traces it back 
to 1663 (Hudibras [spurious]), 
but points out that Herrick [1648] 
apparently uses garbage and car- 
bage for ' shreds and patches used 
as padding. ' He then goes on to 
say that ' if this was a genuine 
use at the time, carbage may 
easily have been corrupted to CAB- 
BAGE.' This difficulty can, I think, 
be removed. In the seventeenth 
century, a style of feminine head- 
dress, the a in vogue, very similar 
to the modern chignon, was called 
a CABBAGE. Thus in Mundus 
Muliebris [1690] : 

Behind the noddle every baggage, Wears 
bundle 'choux,' in English CABBAGE. 

Now, if this usage (omitted 
from the N.E.D.) be compared 
with the three quotations first 
following, it would appear (i) 



that the word CABBAGE was in 
use prior to carbage or garbage 
for ' shreds and patches ' ; (2) 
that carbage and garbage contain 
a sarcastic reference to the ma- 
terials with which a woman's 
CABBAGE, or chignon, was stuffed; 
and (3) that in every quotation 
the play upon words appears 
to confirm these contention?. 
Hence, if CABBAGE as a mode 
of dressing the hair was current 
during the seventeenth century 
(I have come across no earlier 
instance), it is possible that the 
stages of transition were as 
follows : 

1. CABBAGE = a well-known 
vegetable. 

2. = A mode of dressing the 
hair, in such a form as to re- 
semble a cabbage. 

3. = The materials with which 
such a tire was stuffed. 

4. = The shreds and pieces 
appropriated by tailors and 
others as perquisites. 

There is no evidence in sup- 
port of such guesses as those in, 
for example, the quotations dated 
1853 and 1886. 

1638. RANDOLPH, HeyforHonestey 
(Old Play). Tailor. Nay, he has made 
me sharper than my needle ; makes me eat 
my own CABBAGE. 

1648. HERRICK, Hespetides (Hazl.), 
I., 79. Upon some women, Pieces, 
patches, ropes of haire, In-laid GARBAGE 
ev'rywhere. 

1648. HERRICK, Hespemdes (Hazl.). 
1 1., 325. Eupez for the outside of his suite 
has paide ; But for his heart, he cannot 
have it made ; The re^on is. his credit 
cannot get The inward GARBAGE for his 
cloathes as yet. 

1063. Hudibras, II., 56. For as 
tailors preserve their CABBAGE, So squires 
take care of bag and baggage. 



Cabbage. 



Cabbage. 



1742. CHARLES JOHNSON Highway- 
men and Pyrates, p. 343. She takes him 
into Pissing Alley, in Hollywell Street, 
otherwise called the backside of St. 
Clement's in the Strand, so eminently noted 
for Taylors selling there their CABBAGE. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
CABBAGE (s.) . . . also a cant word to 
express anything that is pilfered pri- 
vately, as pieces of cloth or silk retained 
by taylors, mantua-makers, or others. 

1821. COBBETT, Weekly Register 28 
April, col. 219. Taylor, of Charing Cross, 
will allow of no thumb-piece and of no 

CABBAGE. 

1853. Notes and Queries, i S., viii., 
315, col. 2. The term CABBAGE, by which 
tailors designate the cribbed pieces of 
cloth, is said to be derived from an old 
word 'cablesh,' i.e., wind-fallen wood. 
And their hell ' where they store the 
CABBAGE, from helan, to hide. 

1886. G. A. SALA, in ///. Lon. News, 
16 Oct., 394, i. My correspondent's 
terivation of CABBAGE from caboged 
[caboged = ' cabossec I ' or ' caboched ' in 
heraldy, in Fr. cabochee. See Littre] is 
good ; but there is another one, namely, 
cabas, a basket in which the pickings and 
stealings of cloth might be hoarded. 

The place where CABBAGE is 
stored is termed HELL (q.v. ) or 
ONE'S EYE (q.v.)', these term--, 
as also GOOSE (q.v.), a smoothing 
iron, are responsible for much 
cheap wit. Cf., MAKINGS and 
PICKINGS. The Spanish has 
sisa = 'a petty theft.' 

2 (old). A tailor ; sometimes 
CABBAGER, and formerly CAB- 
BAGE-CONTRACTOR (q.v.). For 
synonyms, see BUTTON-CATCHER 
and SNIP. 

1690. B E. Diet. Cant. Crew. CAB- 
BAGE : a Taylor, and what they pinch 
from the Cloaths they make up. 

1725. New Cant. Diet. CABBAGE: 
Taylors are so called, because of their 
. . . Love of that Vegetable. The cloth 
they steal and purloin ... is also called 

CABBAGE. 

3. (old). A style of dressing 
the hair similar to the modern 



chignon. [For suggested deriva- 
tion, see sense I.] Fr. un kilo. 

1690. Mundus Muliebris. Behind 
the noddle every baggage, Wears bundle 
'choux,' in English CABBAGE. 

4. (schoolboys'). A transla- 
tion or ' crib ' ; sometimes short- 
ened to CAB (q.v., sense 2). 

1868. BREWER, Dictionary of Phrase 
and Fable, p. 129. CABBAGE is also a 
common schoolboy term for a literary 
crib, or other petty theft. 

5. (common). A cigar. The 
French have unefeuille de platane 
= a plane-tree leaf ; also un 
craptilos or crapulados, a His- 
panization of crapule = filth. For 
synonyms, see WEED. 

1843. Punch's Almanack, August i?. 
The cigar dealers, objecting to their lands 
being cribbed, have made us pay for the 
CABBAGE ever since. 

1848. Punch, vol. XIV., p. 298. Q. 
Are cigars an English invention? A. No ! 
the cigar is a Spanish article, that has been 
merely CABBAGED by the British manu- 
facturer. 

1853. C. S. CALVERLEY, Verses and 

Translations, p. 141 [ed. 1881], Carmen 

Scecularce. O fumose puer nimuim ne 

crede Baconi Manillas vocat, hoc praetexit 

nomine caules. 

1889. Ally SlopeS s Half- Holiday, 
July 6. Last week he offered me a weed 
A worse one no man's lips e'er soiled. ' No, 
thanks,' said, * I, know the breed ; I much 
prefer my CABBAGE boiled.' 

6. (venery). The female pu- 
dendum. Cf., GREENS. For 
synonyms, see MONOSYLLABLE. 

Verb (old). i. To purloin or 
pilfer pieces. 

1712. ARBUTHNOT, History of John 
Bull, pt. I., ch. x. Your tailor, instead of 
shreds, CABBAGES whole yards of cloth. 

1870. New York Evening Sun, May 
24. Report of Speech x>f Mr Chandler. 
Let us knock the British crown to flinders ; 
let us arrange for some one or two hundred 
thousand British graves forthwith, and 
CABBAGE the whole boundless continent 
without any further procrastination. 



Cabbage- Contractor. 



Cabbage-Head. 



1882. Notes and Queries, 6 S., yi., 
210. But he said, If I CABBAGE that ring 
to-night, I shall be all the richer to- 
morrow. 

2. (schoolboys'). To use a 
translation or other adventitious 
aid in preparing exercises ; to 
' crib. ' 

1837. GEN. P. THOMPSON, Exerc. 
(1842), IV., 234, A speech, which . . . 
had been what schoolboys call CABBAGED, 
from some of the forms of oration . . . 
published by way of caricature [M.] 

18(52. H. MARRYAT, Year in Sweden, 
II., 387. Steelyards . . . sent by Gustaf 
Wasa as checks upon country dealers, who 
CABBAGED, giving short weight. [M.] 

So also CABBAGED, ppL adj., 
pilfered, or stolen ; and CAB- 
IJAGING, verbal subs., pilfering, 
purloining. 

CABBAGE-CONTRACTOR, subs. (old). 
A tailor. [From CABBAGE 
(q.v., subs., sense i) = CON- 
TRACTOR, a trader.] For syno- 
nyms, see BUTTON-CATCHER and 
SNIP. 

CABBAGE-GELDER, subs. (old). A 
greengrocer or market gardener. 
A.B. C. of a New Dictionary of 
Flash, Cant, and Slang [1866]. 

CABBAGE-HEAD, subs, (popular). 
A fool ; a soft-head ; a 'go- 
along. ' For synonyms generally, 
see BUFFLE, and more particu- 
larly infra. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Block- 
head ; chuckle-head ; chowder- 
head ; cod's - head ; chump or 
chump of wood ; dunderhead ; 
flat ; go-along ; goosecap ; green- 
lander ; gulpin; juggins; thick- 
head ; lights ; loony ; looby ; 
lubber ; mooney; mug; muggins; 
muff ; ninny-hammer ; nincom- 
poop ; nizzie ; pigeon ; sawney ; 
Simon, or Simple Simon ; slow- 
coach ; soft -horn ; sop ; Tom 



Tug. To which may be added 
' cupboard-headed,' ' half-boiled,' 
' not all there, ' and ' off one's 
chump,' used also of one not 
compos mentis ; a thick (Win- 
chester College). 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Une tete 
de pioche (popular : pioche pick- 
axe or mattock) ; tmpoulet c? hide 
(popular : poule d Inde = turkey- 
hen) ; un couille (popular) ; un 
faroissien de Saint Pierre atix bceufs 
(popular) ; un noc (popular = a 
'juggins') ; unloffiat( popular : this 
is formed from a species of French 
back slang, lof = fol reversed. 
On the same lines we get la loffi- 
tude = ' stupidity ' or ' non- 
sense ' ; bonisseur de lojjitudes = 
' a nonsense monger ' ; also sol- 
liceur de loffitudes = ' a journa- 
list ') ; tin Jean-bete (common : 
Cf. , English ' Johnnie ' and 
' Jack ' ) ; barrt ( = cabbage- 
headed) ; une vieille bouillote 
(popular) ; une bourriche (popu- 
lar : 'a hamper ') ; une baclouille 
(popular : also = ' a hen-pecked 
husband ') ; etre deboulonne (popu- 
lar : literally = ' unpinned ' or 
' unbolted ') ; unffilolo (popular); 
un daim (popular) ; etre de la 
tribu des Benicoco (military) ; $tte 
du 14 benedictins (popular) ; une 
bestiasse (this term has passed 
into the language) ; b$te comme 
chou (= 'extremely stupid'); 
bete comme un p6t (= a per- 
fect ass) ; b$te comme ses pieds 
{ an arrant fool) ; tin abrtiti or 
ahuri de Chaillot (popular : 
Chaillot, in the suburbs of Paris, 
is a common butt, much as are 
Hanwell, Colney Hatch, etc. ; 
abrutir= l to stupify, to besot, to 
imbrute') ; une tete de boche (com- 
mon : = a wooden head ; also a 
German) ; un bidon de zinc (mili- 
tary = ' a can ' or * flask ') ; un 



Cabbage- Head. 



Cabbage- Tree Mob. 



cul or cttl (fane (popular : cul 
(fane = ' the rump of an ass ' ; 
Cf. t English ' ass ') ; un cantaloup 
(popular : literally a melon) ; un 
ciibe (a ' regular idiot ') ; un 
canarie ; etre un c (a euphemistic 
phrase) ; un busard or buson or 
une buse (an allusion to the 
stupidity of the buzzard) ; une 
couenne (popular: = 'pig-skin.' 
' Est-il couenne /' 'What an 
ass ! ') ; un coquardcati ; un couil- 
lon (popular : a cullion, used in 
friendly jocularity = abashed, 
crestfallen, and above all idiotic) ; 
un esptce de cafouilletix (popular 
= ' a bally bounder ') ; im ar- 
guche (thieves') ; battre comtois 
(thieves' = to play the fool) ; un 
baveux (a driveller : one who does 
not know what he is talking 
about) ; un boniface (popular) ; 
rt avoir pas casst la patte a coco 
(thieves' = ' as big a bloody 
mug as they make 'em '). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Asnazo 
(in ; properly ' a big jackass ') ; 
asno (m) ; bambarria (m ; also = 
an accidental but successful 
stroke at billiards, * a fluke ') ; 
bobalias (m ; a colloquialism for 
' a very stupid fellow ') ; borro 
(m ; properly a wether not two 
years old) ; echacantos (m) ; gentil 
hombre de placer ( = ' a buffoon ' 
or ' clown ') ; guillote(m ; literally 
a husbandman, one who enjoys 
the produce of a farm. Cf., 
' joskin ') ; fuan lanas (vulgar) ; 
mamacallos or mamaluco (m) ; 
naranjo (m ; properly the citrus 
aurantium) ; pattdero (m ; also 
* a timbrel ') ; pinchauvas (m 
a despicable person) ; porra (f) ; 
es un solemne bobo ( ' he is a down- 
right booby ') ; zamacuco. 

PORTUGUESE SYNONYMS. 
Bamburrio ; mctcacada ; tauso ; 
paosinho* 



1682. MRS. BEHX, False Count (17 24), 

III., 146. Thou foul, filthy CABBAGE-HEAD. 
[M.] 

1862. LOWELL, Bigloiu Papers, II., 
228. For take my word for 't, when all's 
come and past, The CABBAGE-HEADS '11 
cair the day at last. 

c, 1880. Broadside Ballad, 'Right 
before the missis too.' I've had a dreadful 
row All through a chum named Tommy 
Sheen, I ought to call him CABBAGE-HEAD, 
He is so very green. 

CABBAGE- LEAF, subs, (common). 
A bad cigar ; usually contracted 
into CABBAGE (q.v., suds., sense 
5). [From a popular theory of 
material. J In French un in fee - 
tados by a play upon words in 
two languages, infect, Fr. = 
more than common, vile, and 
infectar, Sp. = ' to infect 'or 'be 
infected '. For synonyms, see 
WEED. 

CABBAGE PLANT, subs. (old). An 
umbrella; GAMP (q.v.}', or 
brolly. 

CAB BAG ER, subs, (common). A 
tailor. [From CABBAGE (q.v.> 
s^lbs.) sense i) + ER.] For syno- 
nyms, see BUTTON-CATCHER and 
SNIP. 

CABBAGE-STUMPS, subf (common). 
The legs. For synonyms, see 
DRUMSTICKS. 

CABBAGE -TREE MOB, subs. (Austra- 
lian). Old for what are now 
called LARRIKINS (q.v.}. De- 
rived from the low-crowned 
cabbage-palm hat affected by this 
section of Australian society.] 
CABBAGITES was an alternative. 

18(?). LIEUT. -CoL. MUNDAY Our 
A ntipodes. Loafers known as the CABBAGE- 
TREE MOB, a class whom, in the spirit of the 
ancient tyrant, one might excusably wish 
had but one nose in order to make it a 
bloody one. Ibid. Unaware of the pro- 
pensities of the CABBAGITES, he was by 
them furiously ass ailed. 



Cabby. 



Caboose. 



CABBY, subs. (colloquial). A 
cabman. [From CAB + Y.] 
Amongst French equivalents are 
une hi>ondelle (properly = 'a 
swal 'ow ') ; un maraudeur(i.e. , ' a 
marauder,' one who plies without 
a license; Cf., PIRATE (q.v.), 
as applied to omnibuses. 

1852. F. E. SMEDLEY, Lewis Arun- 
del, ch. xxxiii. I was forced to offer him 
a seat in the cab, but he coolly replied, 
' No, thank ye ... I'll sit beside CABBY.' 

1864-5. YATES, Broken to Harness, 
II., p. 41. Easy, CABBY; we don't want 
to be thrown into the very midst of the 
aristocracy. 

1890. Standard, Feb. IT, p. 3, col. i. 
There was a Vienna CABBY with his jolly 
red face and his professional impudence. 

CABLE, verb (popular). To send 
a telegram by ocean (submarine) 



To SLIP or CUT ONE'S CABLE, 
subs. phr. (nautical). To die. 
For exhaustive lists of synony- 
mous terms, see ALOFT and HOP 

THE TWIG. 

CABLE-HANGER, subs, (nautical). 
Explained by quotations. 

1724-7. D EFOE, Tour thro G. Britain 
(ed. 1748), I., 150. Persons who dredge 
or fish for oysters, not being free of the 
fishery, are called CABLE-HANGERS, and 
are prosecuted and punished by the Court. 

1867. SMYTH, Sailors' Word Book. 
CABLE-HANGER, a person catching oysters, 
in the River Medway, not free of the 
fishery. 

CAB- MOLL, subs. (old). A prosti- 
tute addicted professionally to 
cabs and trains. [From CAB 
(q.v., sense 2) + MOLL (q.v.}, a 
strumpet.] For synonyms, see 
BARRACK-HACK and TART. 

CABOBBLED, ppl. adj. (nautical). 
Confused ; puzzled ; perplexed. 



CABOODLE, stibs. (American). A 
crowd ; generally ' the whole 
CABOODLE.' [Thought to be 
an enlarged form of BOODLE 
which is frequently used in the 
same sense, and which is sup- 
posed by some to be derived 
from the old English bottel, a 
bundle (Fr. hotel, botcau. Ger. 
beutel.}. See, however, BOODLE, 
sttbs., sense I. Another deriva- 
tion is from the Spanish cabildo, 
a provincialism for the corporation 
of a town.] CABOODLE is gen- 
eral throughout the States, and 
has now almost completely 
supplanted BOODLE (q.v.}, which 
is usually applied in a different 
sense. Sometimes CABOOSE (q.v. } 

1858. New Orleans Picayune, 23 Feb. 
The whole CABOODLE came out and fell 
upon me, till I was as soft as a squash, 
and then they took me up for fighting. 

1887. Scribners Magazine. Ye've 
got ter have faith in Goddie-mighty then, 
sure, a-swingin' up an' down them mount'n- 
sides, dark nights or bright, when a 
rock on the track fom a landslide 'ud fling 
the whole CABOODLE down the mount'n 
an inter kingdom come afo' you'd know it. 

CABOOSE, su^>s. (American). --Gene- 
rally applied to convivial quar- 
ters ; also to a bachelor's snug- 
gery a DEN (q.V.} Or DIGGINGS 
(q.v. ). [Properly a ship's cook- 
house or galley ; and in the 
United St ites, a car on a freight 
train for workmen, or for a 
special purpose.] 

THE WHOLE CABOOSE, f/.r. 
(nonce expression). Obviously a 
variation of CABOODLE (q.v.}. 

1870. London Figaro, 19 Oct. 'After 
the Fire.' In this room, sir, said my 
gallant conductor, lived a bricklayer with 
his wife and two kids. He made that 
hole in the wall, and got 'em safe through 
THE WHOLE CABOOSE on 'em ; and a 
jolly good job he did. 



Cacafuego. 



Cackler. 



CACAFUEGO,.mfo.(old). A spitfire ; 
braggart; bully. [From the Lat ; n 
cacare through the Spanish 
cagar^ ' to void excrement,' 4- 
Spanish fuego^ fire.] This word, 
once literary, has long fallen 
into desuetude. It was regarded 
as vulgar after the middle of the 
last century, and thereafter was 
only included in slang dic- 
tionaries. 

1625. FLETCHER, Fair Maid, III., i. 
She will be ravisht before our faces, by 
rascalls and CACAFUGOS, wife, CACA- 
FUGOES. [MJ. 

1696. PHILLIPS. CACAFUEGO, a 
Spanish word signifying Shitefire; and 
it is used for a bragging, vapouring 
fellow. [M.] 

1725. New Cant. Diet, [s.v.] 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. CACA- 
FEUGO. A sh-te-fire, a furious bragga- 
docio or bully huff. 

CACHUNK! intj. (American). On- 
omatopoeic the 'bow-wow' word 
of Max Miiller belonging to a 
class of exclamations intended to 
convey an imitation of the sound 
of a falling body. Uncertain as 
regards orthography they are 
largely affected in the Southern 
and Western States. Mainly of 
recent origin, though two, 
KESWOLLOP and KEWHOLLUX 
rare in the States, are not un- 
familiar to English ears. Ex- 
amples are : Caswash ; Caw- 
halux ; Che wallop ; Casou=e ; 
Cathump ; Kerplunk ; Katouse ; 
Katoose ; Kelumpus ; Kerchunk ; 
Kerplunk ; Kerswosh ; Kerslosh ; 
Kerswollop ; Kerblinkityblunk ; 
and Kerblam. 

CACKLE, subs, (theatrical). i. The 
dialogue of a play ; especially 
used at first, of the patter of 
clowns, etc. , in a circus. [From 
the figurative usage of CACKLE, 
to make a noise as a hen after 



laying an egg, a usage trace- 
able as far back as 1225.] 

1887. Referee, 21 August, p. 2, col. 3. 
Those [playgoers] who do not insist upon 
a very high order of literary quality in the 

CACKLE. 

2. (colloquial). Idle, incon- 
sequent, noisy chatter. 

1676. A. RIVETUS, JUN. Mr.Smirke, 
18. Bedawb'd with Addle Eggs of the 
Animadverters own CACKLE. 

1887. Punch, 10 Sept., p. in- If a 
feller would tackle a feminine fair up to 
Dick, he 'as got to be dabs at the CACKLE. 

Verb (old). To talk idly, 
especially in the sense of telling 
secrets. For synonyms, see 
PEACH. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vu I- 
gar Tongue. The cull is leaky and 
CACKLES ; the rogue tells all. 

1882. Punch, LXXXII., 177, 2. The 
old jokers in scarlet and erming who 
lounge in their red bedroom-chairs, And the 
cinder-wig'd toffs in alpaca who CACKLE 
and give themselves airs. 

CACKLE- CHUCKER, subs. (theatrical). 
A prompter. [From CACKLE, 
the dialogue of a play, -\ 
CHUCKER, one who throws out 
(from the mouth).] 

CACKLE- MERCH ANT, subs, (theatri- 
cal). A dramatic author. [From 
CACKLE, the dialogue of a play, 

+ MERCHANT. Cf., CAPER- 
MERCHANT, a dancing-master.] 

CACKLER, subs. (old). i. A fowl. 
[From CACKLE (q.v.) + ER.] 
See also CACKLING CHEAT. 

1673. R. HEAD, Canting Acad., 192. 
A Prigger of the CACKLEKS. 

1730-6. BAILEY. CACKLER ... a 
humorous word for capons or fowl. 

1749. Life of Bamfhylde - Moote 
Careiv. Oath of the ' Canting Crew." No 
dimber damber, angler, dancer, Prig of 
CACKLER, prig of prancer. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. CACK- 
ler : a hen. 



Cackle? s-Ken. 



Cackling- Cove. 



2. (colloquial). A noisy 
talker; a 'blab.' See CACKLE, 
verb. 

1400. Cov. MysL, 131. KyttCAKELERE 
and Colett Crane. [M.] 

1598. FLORIO, Gracchione ... a 
chatter, a CACKLER. [M.] 

1730-6. BAILEY, CACKLER : a Prater, 
a Tell-tale, a noisy Person. 

1878. BROWNING, Poets ofCroisic, 92. 
If they dared Count you a CACKLER. 

3. (circus and showmen's). 
An actor or showman who has 
a speaking pait. 

1854. DICKENS, Hard Ttrnes.bk. I., 
ch. vi., p. 14 (H. ed.)- 'He has his 
points as a CACKLER still ... a speaker, 
if the gentleman likes it better. 

CACKLER'S-KEN, subs. (old). A 
hen-roost ; a fowl-house. [From 
CACKLER (q.v., subs.) sense i), a 
fowl, + KEN (q.v. ), a place or 
house.] A French tnieves' 
equivalent is une orniere (from 
ornie> a hen). 

CACKLE-TU B, subs. (old). A pulpit. 
[From CACKLE (q.v.} + TUB, in 
allusion to the shape of old- 
fashioned pulpits.] For syno- 
nyms, se* HUM-BOX. 

1888. MUSGRAVE, Savage London. 
I sorter think if yer'll borrow Lucy's chair 
to wheel me, I'll go and sit under the 
CACKLE-TUB in Little Bethel next Sunday. 

CACKLING-CHEAT orCHETE, subs. 
(old). A fowl. [From CACK- 
LING, that cackles, + CHEAT, 
From A.S. ceat, a thing.] See 
CHEAT. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Beaker ; 
cackler ; margery prater ; galeny ; 
partlet ; chickabiddy ; rooster ; 
chuck-chuck ; chuckie. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un bec- 
quant (a thieves' term) ; tin 
ornichon (also a thieves' term for 



a chicken) ; un pique-en-terre 
(literally ' a peck-the-ground ') ; 
une estable or une estaphle 
(thieves') ; brtiantez ( Breton slang). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Kachni 
(from the Gypsy) ; mistkratzer. 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Ruspante 
or raspant^ (properly ' scratching ' 
or ' scraping '). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Capiscol 
(this, and indeed all the terms 
here given from the Germania, 
refer to the cock-bird. Capiscol 
= Fr. caporat) ; obispo (properly 
a bishop) ; rey (literally king). 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat^ p. 86. She 
has a CACKLING-CHETE, a grunting-chete, 
ruff pecke, cassan, and poplarr of yarum. 

1622. FLETCHER, Beggars Bush, v. ' 
i. Or surprising a boor's ken for grunting- 
cheats? Or CACKLING-CHEATS? 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. CACKLING-CHEATS (cant) : 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. CACK- 
LING CHEATS : Fowls (cant). 

CACKLING-COVE, subs, (theatrical 
and common). An actor. [From 
CACKLING (see CACKLE, sufa., 
sense i) + COVE, an old canting 
term for a man.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Mum- 
mery-cove; mug-faker; mummer; 
mugger (properly an actor who 
makes free play with his face) ; 
tragedy or comedy merchant ; pro ; 
stroller ; cackle-faker ; barn- 
stormer ; surf. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Unpre- 
tre (thieves' : literally ' a priest ' : 
a curious sidelight on the views 
concerning religious orders of 
the criminal classes) ; icn raze 
or razi pour Faf (thieves' : raze or 
razi = priest ; and affe in old 
French cant signified ' life ' or 
' the soul,' but latterly eau d'affe^ 



Cackling-Fart. 



Cad, 



' brandy. ' There seems, however, 
little connection between either of 
these readings and the example 
under consideration) ; un Egyp- 
tien (theatrical : a term applied 
to a bad or inferior' actor) ; un 
acteur-^uitare (a term specially 
applied to one who elicits applause 
in lacrymose scenes only an 
actor with only one string to his 
bow) ; ttn enleveur (theatrical : 
one who plays in such a way as to 
enlever la salle, i. e., 'to bring down 
the house ') ; une doublure (an 
understudy) ; un cab, cabot, or 
cabotin.) (used mainly in con- 
tempt, much in the same way as 
'mummer.' Cabotinage is the life 
of hardship led by strolling 
players, and thence, by derivation, 
the life of the ' profession ' 
generally) ; un bruleur de planches 
(theatrical : a spirited or restless 
actor) ; un acteur briile (popular : 
one that has had his day) ; tin 
bouch trou (theatrical : an under- 
study or stop-gap) ; un bouleur or 
une bouleuse(a, substitute, or under- 
study) ; un misloquier or une 
misloquiere (thieves') ; un nom 
(theatrical : ' a star '). 

CACKLING-FART, subs. (old). An 
e gg- [From CACKLING (see 
CACKLE) + FART (y.v.) a dis- 
charge of wind through the aims.] 
A variant in English is HEN- 
FRUIT ; Fr. un avergot (thieves') ; 
the Breton cant has bruant, whilst 
in the German Gaunersprache is 
found Dickmann (also = \}\e penis 
and testes) ; the Fourbesque has 
arbifi and albert o (the latter from 
the Italian albo, white). 

CAD, subs, (popular). A term of 
contempt now generally applied 
to an offensively ill-bred person, 
irrespective of social position. 



Formerly used of underlings and 
others performing menial offices. 
[Murray favours its origin in cadet 
and the popular forms cadee and 
caddie. See, however, CADATOR, 
the quotations under which appear 
to suggest a collateral, if an in- 
dependent origin. Some regard 
the word as a contraction of 
' cadger ' ; whilst others trace it 
to the Scotch ' cadie ' or ' caddie,' 
an errand boy now an attendant 
at golf ; or to the slang University 
sense of the word, a non- 
member]. The vocable has 
passed through a variety of 
meanings. 

1. Passengers taken up by 
coach drivers for their own profit. 

[M.] 

2. (obsolete). A chum or com- 
panion. 

3. (old). An assistant. 

4. (old). An omnibus con- 
ductor. 

1833. HOOD, Sk.fr. Road. Though 
I am a CAD now, I was once a coachman. 
[M.] 

1836. DICKENS, Pick-wick, ch. xxxiii., 
p. 279. He paused, and contemplated, 
with a face of great calmness and philo- 
sophy, the numerous CADS and drivers 
of short stages who assemble near that 
famous place of resort [the Mansion- 
House]. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. III., p. 355. The 
conductor, who is vulgarly known as the 
CAD, stands on a small projection at the 
end of the omnibus, 

5. A messenger or errand boy. 

1835. T. HOOK, Gilbert Gurney, ch. 
vii. I will appear to know more of you 
than one of the CADS of the thimble-rig 
knows of the pea-holder. 

1839. T. HOOD, Miss Kilmansegg, 
p. 230. Not to forget that saucy lad 
(Ostentation's favourite CAD), The page, 
who looked so splendidly clad. 



Cad. 



10 



Caddie. 



1843. J. HEWLETT, College Life, I., 
p. 115. Webb's boy, who went as CAD 
with the dog. 

6. (University and public 
schools'). A contemptuous term 
applied to non-school or non- 
University men. At Cambridge 
SNOB, the word Thackeray used, 
has long been a common term 
for a townsman ; now the 
undergrad says TOWNEE or 
TOWNER (q.v.). The German 
an alogue is Philister. Dr. Giinther 
(Jena and its Environs] tells that 
of the old towers and gates which 
formed the entrance to Jena, the 
square one to the west alone 
remains ; and is remarkable not 
only lor its prison, called 'The 
Cheese-Basket,' but for four 
images of monkeys' heads carved 
at the several corners of the gate 
itself. In a quarrel between stu- 
dents and townsfolk in the vicinity 
of the Johannis-Thor, the former 
dubbed the watchmen there ' the 
monkey watchmen.' The guard 
vowed vengeance, and one evening 
killed a student who had taken no 
part in the disturbance. The 
ecclesiastical superintendent,G6tz, 
preached a sermon at the boy's 
funeral from Judges xvi. 20, ' The 
Philistines be upon thee, Samson ! ' 
and that night his text was heard 
in the street, Philister iiber dir 
Samson ! ' Henceforward the 
citizens were called ' Philister ' by 
the students ; and, the name being 
exported to the other Universities, 
it came at length to be applied to 
burgher folk throughout Germany. 
According to some this fight 
occurred in 1693. For synonyms, 
see RANK OUTSIDER. 

1831. HONE, Year Book, 670. Pre- 
ceded by one or two bands of music in 
two boats, rowed by CADS. 

1856. REV. E. BRADLEY (' Cuthbert 
Bede '), Adventures ofl'erdant Green, I., 
p., 117. And I can chaff a CAD. 



1860. Macmillaris Mag., March p 
327. You don't think a gentleman can 
lick a CAD, unless he is the biggest and 
strongest of the two. 

1873. Saturday Review, September, 
p. 305. At Oxford the population of the 
University an J city is divided into ' Dons, 
men and CADS.' 

7. (general). A vulgar, ill- 
mannered person ; a blackguard, 
i.e., a person incapable of moral 
decency. For synonyms, see 
SNIDE. 

1849. CHARLES KINGSLEY. Alton 
Locke. ' The CADS ' ' the snobs,' ' the 
blackguards,' looked on with a dislike, con- 
tempt, and fear which they were not back- 
ward to return. 

1860. THACKERAY. Lovell the 
Widower, p. 245. There's a set of CADS 
in that club that will say anything. 

1880. Punch's Almanack, 12. Lor' 
if I'd the ochre, make no doubt I could cut 
no end of big-pots out. Call me a CAD ? 
When ironey's in the game, CAD and 
swell are pooty much the same. 

1882. F. ANSTEY, Vice VersA, ch. 
vii. Perhaps your old governor has been 
making a CAD of himself then, and you're 
out of sorts with him. 

1889. Answers, Feb. 23, p. 205, col. 
3. You wouldn't care to know Goodfellow, 
Miss Smart ; he's awfully bad form a 
regular CAD, you know. 

CADATOR, subs. (old). A beggar 
in the character of a decayed 
gentleman. 

1703. WARD, London Spy, pt. I., p. 
. He is one of those gentile [? genteel] 
umpers, we call CADATORS ; he goes a 
Circuit round England once a year, and 
under Pretence of a decay'd gentleman, 
gets both Money and Entertainment at 
every good House he comes at. 

ed. 1760. T. BROWN, Works, II., 
179. You . . . sot away your time in 
Mongo's fumitory, among a parcel of old 
smoak-dry CADATORS. 

CADDIE, subs. (Scots). An at- 
tendant at golf. 

1889. Scots Observer, Feb. Oh, my 
CADDIE, my CADDIE ye're a vera intelligent 
laddie. But I dinna like yer grinnin 
When I'm no exactly winnin'. 



7. 
M 



Caddish. 



IT 



Cadge. 



CADDISH, adj. (popular). Vulgar ; 
offensively ill-bred. [From CAD 
(q.i'.y sense 7) 4 ISH.] 

18*59. SHIRLEY BROOKS, Sooner or 
Later, II., p. 31. ' Well I don't care 
about walking on Sundays. Religious 
scruples, perhaps.' ' I should think not. 
But it seems so CADDISH like snobs who 
can go out on no other day.' 

1872. Civilian, Aug. 10. There are 
many sorts of Ministerial insolence at 
present ' on view ' in the House of 
Commons. Mr. Ayrton's is coarse and 
CADDISH, the Attorney - General's con- 
temptuously courteous, and Mr. Lowe's 
cynically and facetiously insulting. 

1874. E. I.. LINTON, Patricia 
Kemball, ch. xx. ' However, I have 
brought you here to reason, not to wrangle,' 
he continued more quietly ; 'and wrangling 
is CADDISH.' 

CADE, subs, (society). The Bur- 
lington Arcade. [An abbrevi- 
ated form of 'Arcade.'] Cf., 
THE Zoo for 'the Zoological 
gardens,' THE PROMS, for ' the 
Promenade Concerts,' THE POPS. 
for ' the Monday Popular Con- 
certs,' and THE CRI. for the 
'Criterion Bar. ' Somewhat older 
examples are THE LANE (q.v. ) 
and THE HOUSE (q.v.}. 

CADGE, subs, (vulgar). The pro- 
fession of cadging or begging. 
Se? verbal sense. 

1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Dictionary. 
The CADGE is the game or profession of 
begging. 

1832-53. Whistle- Binkie (Sc. Songs), 
Ser. II. ,68. He could ' lay on the CADGE' 
better than ony walleteer that e er cost a 
pock o'er his shouthgr. 

Verb tr. and intr. To obtain 
by begging ; to beg. Now ap- 
plied to vagrants and others who 
solicit in an artful wheedling 
manner. [A comparatively mo- 
dern derivative. CADGER (Scots) 
a pedlar or carrier, i.e., one who 
strolls the country with his stock- 
in-trade in a CADGE, i.e., a panier 



or basket for the carriage of small 
wares. Cf., ' to beg,' from ' bag.'] 
Hence said of anyone who lives 
by sponging on another, or who 
gets a livelihood without giving a 
proper quid pro quo. For ex- 
ample, a waiter when hanging 
about for ' a tip ' is said to be 
CADGING or 'on the CADGE.' 
Among intimates To CADGE A 
DINNER or SUPPER is now often 
used without implied reproach. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. CADGE 
the swells, beg of the gentlemen. 

1846. LYTTON, Lucretia, II., xii. ' I 
be's good for nothin' now, but to CADGE 
about the streets and steal and filch. [M.] 

1848. E. FARMER, Scrap Book (ed. 
6), 115. Let each CADGE a trifle. 

1866. G. A. SALA, Trip to Barbary. 
ch. xiv. Thumping the tom-tom, and 
CADGING for coppers. 

1883. Daily Telegraph, Feb. 8, p. 3, 
col. i. ' It's as bad a' most as drawing 
peoples' teeth to CADGE a trifle off them 
in such winter months as we've had since 
the Autumn broke.' 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. To 
mump ; to pike ; to mouch ; to 
stand the pad ; to maund ; to 
tramp ; to mike. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Bet- 
tander (thieves'); aller a la chasse 
avec un fusil de toile (popular : 
literally ' to go hunting with a 
canvas gun,' an allusion to the 
necessary wallet or bag); bellander 
(tramps'; Cf., bettander \ pos- 
sibly some confusion has arisen 
between these two terms) ; ba- 
laudet (tramps') ; truquer de la 
po^ne (tramps') ; trucker (Old 
Cant, from true, any kind of 
open air small trade or artifice. 
The word appears in various 
French, Italian and Spanish 
dialects, whilst MKRIL in his 
Dictionnaire du patois Nor maud 
allies it with the English 'trick'); 
tendre la demi-aune (popular: 



Cadge. 



12 



Cadge. 



demi-aune = the arm) ; cameloter 
(popular : meaning also to sell, 
cheapen, or tramp) ; faire le coiip 
de manche, or faire la manche (to 
call at people's houses) ; men- 
digoter (popular). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Abgeilen 
(to get by begging. From the 
O.H.G. gil) abschnurren (to 
beg through a lane, town, or 
province ; also = to take to 
one's heels ; M.H.G. snurren, 
schnurren (<?.v., infra) and 
Schnurrant, a beggar musician) ; 
bimmeln (Bimmler, Bummler, a 
beggar or vagrant) ; benschen (a 
corruption of the Latin benedicere 
= to say grace after meat ; from 
praying to begging is but a step) ; 
paternellen (perhaps, like the fore- 
going, a formation, from the Latin 
pater noster^ signifying to say 
muchflater) ; noppeln (vagrants'); 
Schnurren, schnorren snurren, 
(from the O.H.G. snurren, to 
grind, to grind out music on a 
HURDY-GURDY [g.v.], or to grind 
out prayers. A beggar or 
vagrant is termed Schmtrrer, 
Schnorrer, or Snurrer = a 
grinder. Auf die Pille schnurren 
to beg by feigning epileptic 
fits ; auf Serjfleppe schnurren = 
to beg on the pretence of having 
been ' burnt out ' ; Schnurrpilsel, 
Schnurrscheye, Scenurrschicksel, 
Schurrkeibelche, and Sc knurr- 
madchen, are epithets for very 
young girls who are beggars or 
strumpets as occasion fits ; the 
dual occupation being known as 
Kommistarchenen and Hemdensch - 
nurren] ; tarchenen, targenen, 
dor gen ) dorchen (' to beg ' or ' to 
hawk. ' The derivation is obscure, 
but it is possibly to be found in 
the Hebrew tirgel, ' to teach to 
walk ' or 'to guide the foot. ' 
Others trace it to the O.H.G. Turg, 



' uncertain ' or to storgen from 
Stor^tr, 'a wandering quack.' The 
Fiesellange, or Viennese thieves' 
lingo, has Tarchener as equiva- 
lent to Kegler, a kitchen thief) ; 
linkstappeln (to beg or collect 
money under false pretences ; ste 
Linkstap^ler under CADGER) ; 
prachern (probably from the 
Hebrew berocha, a blessing : 
wandering beggars generally in- 
troducing themselves with some 
sort of a benediction) ; Schnallen- 
drikken gehen, or attf Schnallen, 
driicken gehen (these terms also 
signify to walk the streets as a 
prostitute. Schnalle = untruth, 
cheating, deception, and the 
female pudendum} ; stabeln, 
stappeln, and stapeln (the first of 
the-se forms is peculiar to Vienna, 
and all are traceable to Stiban or 
Stap, the Anglo-Saxon staff. 
The meaning is to go with a 
begging staff, generally with a 
pretence of having seen beUer 
days) ; dalfen and dalfern (the 
corresponding noun Dalfon = a 
poor fellow, is supposed to be 
derived from Dalfon, the only 
one of the ten sons of Haman, 
whose name had not the letter 
aleph either at the beginning or 
end of it [Esther ix. 7-9]. The 
story goes that because of this 
he was not only hanged, but 
mocked into the bargain : the 
feast in commemoration of 
Haman 's fall being essentially a 
merrymaking. Thenceforth, a 
poor man became a Dalfon} ; 
deufen gehen = to go begging 
with the intention of committing 
a robbery. Cf. t O.H.G. Diufa, 
Deube = theft) ; Jechten, Viennese 
thieves' lingo). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Truccare 
(identical with the French trnqtter 
y.v.) ; Santocchiare (also = 'to 



Cadge- Cloak. 



Cadger. 



say one's prayers ') ; calcheggiare 
(also = to steal). 

CADGE-CLOAKorGLOAK,.mfo. (old). 

A beggar. For synonyms, see 
CADGER. 

1791. CAREW, Life and Adventures 
of Bamphylde-Moore Careiv. CADGK- 
CLOAK, curtal, or curmudgeon ; no Whip- 
Jack, palliard, patrico . . . nor any other 
will I suffer. 

CADGER, subs, (common). Pri- 
marily a carrier, pedlar, or 
itinerant dealer ; now mainly 
applied to a whining beggar ; 
also, occasionally, a * sponger,' 
SNIDE (g.v.), or ' mean man ' (see 
quots.). [From CADGE (q.v. ) + 
ER.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Abram 
man ; croaker , Abraham cove ; 
Tom of Bedlam ; Bedlam beggar ; 
maunderer, moucher ; pikey ; 
traveller ; turnpike, or dry land 
sailor ; scoldrum ; shyster ; 
Shivering James ; silver beggar ; 
skipper-bird ; mumper ; paper- 
worker ; goose-shearer ; master 
of the black art ; durrynacker. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un 
trucheur, or un trucheux (Old 
Cant, from true, which see under 
CADGE) ; un marcandier or Tine 
marcandiere (thieves' ; a variety 
of the mendicant tribe which is 
described in le Jargon de ? Argot 
as 'those wno journey with a 
great purse by their side, with 
a pretty good coat, and a cloak 
on their shoulders, pretending 
they have met with robbers who 
have stolen all their money) ; 
les mil lards. (Old Cant); un 
becheur ; une comete (popular : 'a 
comet ' one here and there) ; 
les callots ; un enfant de la loupe 
(thieves') ; un loupiat (popular) ; 
un mendigot (thieves') ; un lartin 
(Old Cant). 



GERMAN SYNONYMS. Dal/on 
(see CADGE); 7 echtbrud( Viennese 
thieves') ; Gomel (from the He- 
brew, and used only as a nick- 
name) ; Hochstappler (a beggar 
cheat who has seen better days. 
Cf. , Stappler and Linkstappler) ; 
l,inkstappler (a beggar by means 
of false papers ; a dealer in sham 
lottery tickets ; or a ' snide ' col- 
lector for purposes of charity) ; 
Pracher (possibly from the He- 
brew berocha, 'a blessing,' in 
allusion to the mumper's benedic- 
tion ; Sclmallendriicker (from 
Schnalle = 'an untruth,' ' cheat- 
ing,' , or 'deception,' + Trecker, 
one who pulls) ; Schnurrer (see 
under CADGE) ; Stabeler (see under 
CADGE) ; Standjunge (a beggar 
frequenting markets, fairs, and 
public processions). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Cam- 
pa^no di calca (campagno = 
companion or comrade, calca 
' crowd ' ) ; calco (see preceding) ; 
corteggiano or cortigiano (literally 
' a courtier ') ; cavorante di scarpe 
(literally 'working shoes'; 
specially applied to a beggar who 
is also a pickpocket) ; granchetto 
(especially one who PATTERS IN 
FLASH (q.v.) ; truccante (also = a 
thief) ; guido or guidone (literally 
' a guide ' ; also = a ' dog ' or a 
' companion ') ; incattnato an old 
and decrepit beggar's boy-leader. 
Literally one put up or hung up 
in chains). 

SPANISH SYNONYM. Chita 
(a nickname for a deformed 
vagrant or beggar). 

1821. W. T. MONCRIRFF, Tom and 
Jerry, Act ii., Sc. 6. CADGERS make 
holiday, Hey, for the maunder's joys, Let 
pious ones fast and pray, They save us the 
trouble, my boys. 

1851. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and Lon. 
Poor, I., 339. A street seller nowadays is 



Cadging. 



Cage. 



looked upon as a 'CADGER,' and treated 
as one. 

1882. Daily Telegraph, 5 Oct., p. 3. 
col. i. See on a Saturday night, in White- 
chapel, the rank hypocritical CADGER, 
whose coarse disguise of cleanness and 
respectability would scarcely deceive the 
most fojhsh persons at the West-end. 

1884. JAS. GREENWOOD, The Little 
Ragamuffins. I may here remark that 
amongst people of my born grade no one 
is so contemptuously regarded as he who 
is known as a CADGER. The meaning 
they set on the word is not the dictionary 
meaning. The CADGER with them is the 
whining beggar, the cowardly impostor, 
who being driven or finding it convenient 
to subsist on chanty, goes about his busi- 
ness with an affectation of profoundest 
humility, and a consciousness of his own 
unworthiness ; a sneaking, abject wretch, 
aiming to crop a meal put cf the despising 
and disgust he excites in his fellow- 
creatures. 



CADGING, verbal subs, (common). 
Begging, frequently eked out by 
petty pilfering. [From CADGE 
(q.v.) + ING.] 

1859. 'H..KiNGSLEV,Ge0/rei>ffamfyn, 
ch. xv. I've got my living by casting 
fortins, and begging, and CADGING, and 
such like. 

1873. JAS. GREENWOOD, In Strange 
Company. But what one in vain looked 
for was the 'jolly beggar,' the oft-quoted 
and steadfastly believed in personage 
who scorns work because he can ' make ' 
in a day three times the wages of an 
honest mechanic by the simple process 
of CADGING. 



CADY, subs, (common). A hat. 
[Derivation unknown.] Some- 
times written CAUEY and CADDY. 
For synonyms, see GOLGOTHA. 

1886. The A . B. C. of New Dictionary 
of Flash, Cant, Slang, etc., p. 85. CADDY : 
a man's hat. 

1887. Walforcfs Antiquarian, April, 
p. 251. Sixpence I gave for my CADEY 
A penny I gave for my stick. 



CAFFAN. See C ASS AN. 



CAFFRE'S LIGHTEN ER, subs. (South 
African). A full meal. Fr. une 
lichance (from lie her- lecher, ' to 
lick '). 

1864. LADY DUFF GORDON. Letters 
from the Cape. I asked him [a young 
black shepherd at the Cape] to sing ; and 
he flung himself at my feet, in an attitude 
that would make Watts crazy with delight, 
and crooned queer little mournful ditties. 
I gave him sixpence and told him" not to 
get drunk. He said, ' Oh, no ! I will buy 
bread enough to make my belly stiff ; I 
almost never had my belly stiff.' He like- 
wi>e informed me that he had just been in 
the tronk [Cape Dutch slang for a prison, 
answering to the English stone -jugl. and, 
on my asking why, replied, ' Oh, for fight- 
ing and telling lies.' 

CAGE, subs. (old). I. A minor 
kind of piison for petty male- 
factors ; a country 'lock-up.' 
[From CAGE, a place of con- 
finement for birds, beasts, and, 
formerly, human beings.] Once 
in literary use ; now thieves' 
slang. 

I'.OO. Lancelot, 2767. As cowart 
thut schamfully to ly Excludit in to CAGE 
from chewalry. [M.] 

1593. SHAKSPEARE, //. Henry VI., 
iv., 2. Dick. Ay, by my faith, the field is 
honorable, and there he was born, under a 
hedge ; for his father had never a house but 
the CAGE. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed). 
CAGE (s) : a place of confinement for 
thieves or vagrants that are taken up by the 
watch in the night-time, to secure them till 
the proper officer can carry them before a 
magistrate. 

1815. SCOTT, Guy Mannering, ch. 
liii. I was doomed still 1 kept my 
purpose in the CAGE and in the stocks. 

1839. HARRISON AINSWORTH, Jack 
Sheppard [1882], p. 78. The CAGE at 
Willesden was, and is rbr it is still 
standing a small round building about 
eight feet high, with a pointed tiled roof, 
to which a number of boards inscribed with 
the names of the parish officers, and 
charged with a multitude of admonitory 
notices to vagrants and other disorderly 
persons, are attached. 



Cage. 



Cage. 



1841. Punch, vol. 1 , p. 3. 'A synopsis 
of voting.' He who is incited into an 
assault, that he may be put into the CAGE. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. For 
a prison generally, academy ; 
boat ; boarding-house ; bower ; 
block-house ; bastille ; bladhunk ; 
stone-jug ; jug ; calaboose ; 
cooler ; coop ; downs ; clink ; 
jigger ; Irish theatre ; quod ; 
shop ; stir j clinch ; steel ; 
sturrabin ; mill ; toll shop ; 
floating hell ; floating academy ; 
dry room ; House that Jack Built ; 
choakee. 

Among special names for 
particular prisons may be men- 
tioned Bates's Farm or Garden 
(Cold Bath Fields) ; Akerman's 
Hotel (Newgate) ; Castieu's 
Hotel (Melbourne Gaol) ; Bur- 
don's Hotel (White Cross Street 
Prison) ; Ellenborough Lodge, 
Spike or Park (the King's Bench 
Prison, to which, as a matter of 
fact, every Chief Justice stood 
god-father) ; Campbell's Aca- 
demy (the Hulks) ; City College 
and Whittington's College (New- 
gate) ; Tench ; Pen ; and Smith's 
Hotel (Edinburgh). 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Lecastue 
(thieves') ; la cartiche (thieves') ; 
la boite aux cailloux (thieves') ; 
cailloux = stones ; Cf. , ' stone 
jug ' ; le college (thieves' : New- 
gate at one time was called the 
City College) ; la cage (popular) ; 
le chateau (thieves' : literally a 
castle, chateau de Sombre = a 
convict settlement) ; la chambre 
de surete (the parish prison of 
the Conciergerie) ; le chetard 
(thieves') ; le canton (thieves' : 
according to Menage in his Dic- 
tionnaire Etymologique, the 
original sense of this word is the 



same as coin. From canton has 
been derived the verb, cantonner^ 
a military term signifying the 
billetting of troops in one or 
more villages) ; en ballon (popu- 
lar : in prison) ; la grosse boite 
(thieves' : literally the big box) ; 
la bonde (thieves' : a central 
prison) ; la Biscaye (thieves') ; 
Vabbaye de sots bougres (thieves' : 
obsolete = The billy Bugger's 
Arms) ; le bloc (a military prison 
or cell, Cf.) block-house) ; la 
dure (thieves' : a central prison, 
dur is properly hard, merciless, 
obdurate) ; la femme de Fadju- 
dant (a military lock-up, jigger, 
or Irish theatre ; literally the 
adjutant's wife) ; la bagnole (popu- 
lar : a diminutive of bagne, of 
the same meaning) ; la motte 
(thieves' : a central prison or 
house of correction) ; Fhbpital 
(thieves' : a man in durance is 
un malade = a patient) ; la mitre 
(thieves' : a corruption of mith- 
ridate, the name of a certain 
ointment ; mitre formerly meant 
' itch ') ; le jetar (military ; the 
same as chetar] ; Pours (common : 
a term given to a prison, guard- 
room, or cell) ; la boite a violon 
(a lock-up at a police-station ; 
violon itself signifies a prison, 
the barred windows being com- 
pared to the strings of that 
instrument. Argot and Slang 
says : The lingo terms jouer de 
la harpe, to be in prison, and 
jouer du violon , to file through 
the window bars of a cell, seem 
to bear out this explanation. 
Some philologists, however, 
think that the stocks being 
termed psalterion, mettre au 
psalterion, to put in the stocks, 
became synonymous with ' to 
imprison,' the expression being 
superseded in time by mettre au 
violon when that instrument itself 



Cage. 



16 



Cage. 



superseded the psalterion} ; la 
tune f on (Old Cant) ; fausto (a 
military prison) ; le lycee( thieves': 
= ' academy ') ; Fecole prepara- 
toire (pop. : a preparatory school 
tor young thieves^ le lazaro (mili- 
tary : lazar-house, or * spike) ; 
le mazaro (military : = cells) ; la 
matatane (military: 'a guard room' 
or the cells); le loustatid ( thieves)'; 
la lorcefe (thieves' : the old prison 
of La Force} ; le loir (thieves' = 
' dormouse ') ; fhosto (soldiers' 
and thieves' : also popularly, ' a 
house or crib ') ; lagrotte (thieves' : 
the hulks. Properly a grotto or 
crypt) ; Fh6tel des haricots (fa- 
miliar : from the staple of diet, 
Cf., Ger. Erbsien and Graupen- 
palais] ; la morte paye stir mer 
(obsolete : the hulks) F ombre 
(popular: = 'shade,' Cf., Ger. 
Kilhle} ', la maze (abbreviation of 
Mazas, a central prison in Paris) ; 
la-bas (prostitutes : St. Lazare ; 
thieves' : the convict settlement 
at New Caledonia, or in Cayenne); 
la malle (military : Cf., English 
' box '). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Antoni- 
klosterl (Viennese thieves' = a 
prison in Vienna) ; Drillbajis or 
Drillhaus (a house of drill or 
correction) ; Echetel (Viennese 
thieves') ; Erbsien (Viennese 
thieves' : from the staple of diet 
Erbsen = peas. Cf., Grau- 
penpalais] ; Graupenpalais (a 
prison in Berlin, from the staple 
of diet barley) ; Grannigebais 
(Granigire Marochum = a for- 
tress) ; Gymnasium (Cf., col- 
lege, academy, lycee ; Kaan or 
K'ln (from the Hebrew ; im 
Kaan scheften, to be in prison) ; 
Kue or Kuh (in die Kue sperren-, 
to imprison) ; Kitt or Kittchen 
(from the Hebrew Kisse a 
chair, throne, roof, common 



lodging-house, brothel, work- 
house, and prison) ; Kille (literally 
an assembly) ; Kiihle (im Kiihhn 
sitzen, literally to sit in the 
'cooler' or in the shade; Cf., 
etre a F ombre, and ' to be 
under a cloud ') ; Leek (Viennese 
thieves' M.H.G., hiken,to lock 
up); Mifzer (Hebrew pozar, a 
fortress or prison) ; Schofelbajis 
(from the Hebrew schophal, bad, 
common, low, or unfortunate. 
Also a brothel) ; Stube (this, 
according to Zimmermann, signi- 
fies a prison) ; Talltsittasky 
(Hanoverian : from tallo, gal- 
lows, + masky from Maskopei, 
society, i.e., gallows-birds) ; l^fise 
(from the Hebrew tophas}. 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Basta; 
casa (a house. The forms ca- 
saccia and cazanza are also used) ; 
cavagna ; travaghosa (literally 
laborious) ; sentina (properly a 
sink of vice; ; mscola or visco 
losa. 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Mad- 
rastra ; angiistias or ansias (lite- 
rally grief or anguish) ; banasto 
(literally a large round basket) ; 
banco (properly a bench) ; temor 
(i.e., fear) ; trena (/). 

PORTUGUESE SYNONYMS. Es- 
tarim or xelro ; limoeiro (a cant 
name for a prison in Lisbon). 

2. (common). An 'improver, 
or bustle. See BIRD-CAGE. 

3. (venery). A bed ; also 
BREEDING-CAGE. 

1875. W. E. HENLEY, Unpublished 
Ba'lad. ' In the BREEDING CAGE I cops her, 
With her stays off, all a'blowin' ! Three 
parts sprung.' 

4. ( parliamentary ). The 
Ladies' Gallery in the House of 



Cagg. 



Cake. 



Commons ; sometimes called the 

CHAMBER OF HORRORS, which 

appertains more properly to the 
Peeresses' Gallery in the Upper 
r House. 

1870. London Figaro, 10 June. ' The 
Angels in the House.' Mr. Crauford's 
Motion for the expulsion of strangers 
(during the debate on The Contagious 
(Women's) Diseases Act had reference to 
the CAGE and not to the Reporters' Gallery. 

CAGG, verb (old military). Grose 
says ' a military term used by the 
private soldiers, signifying a 
solemn vow or resolution not to 
get drunk for a certain time ; or, 
as the term is, till their CAGG is 
out, which vow is commonly 
observed with the strictest exact- 
ness : e.g., " I have CAGG'D my- 
self for six months. Excuse me 
this time, and I will CAGG myself 
for a year." Common in Scotland, 
where the vow is performed with 
divers ceremonies.' 

CAG-MAG, subs, (vulgar). Pri- 
marily a provincialism for a tough 
old goose ; now a vulgarism for 
refuse, or rubbish, or scraps and 
ends. The transferred sense is 
older than given in the N.E.D. 
Cf., KEG-MEG. [Brewer derives 
it, 'from the Gaelic and Welsh,' 
cag magu, whilst others consider 
it as originally a University slang 
term for a bad cook, KCCKO^ 
paytipoc. The Latin magma 
(Pliny), = dregs or dross.] Also a 
plain or dirty woman. 

1769. PENNANT, Tour in Scotland, 
1774, p. 10. Vast numbers [of geese] are 
driven annually to London ; among them, 
all the superannuated geese and ganders 
(called here [Lincoln] CAG-MAGS). 

1839. Comic Almanack, Sept., p. 188, 
But here's the greatest grief, and sure it 
makes one choke to put on A libel to one's 
neck, just like cheap CAG-MAG-SCRAG of 
mutton. 



1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and L on. Poor, vol. I., p. 133. 'Do I ever 
eat my own game if it's high? No, sir, 
never, I couldn't stand such CAG-MAG. ' 

1864. Temple Bar, vol. X., p. 185. 
No KAG MAG wares are sold, no cheap 
articles are retailed. 

CAIN. To RAISE CATN,/^*-. (Ameri- 
can). To proceed to extreme 
measures ; to be quarrelsome ; 
to make a disturbance. Of 
Western origin ; primarily applied 
to men who would have shown 
no hesitation in shooting or 
stabbing ; generally = merely dis- 
putatious or quarrelsome Vari- 
ants are TO RAISE HATE, HELL, or 

HELL AND TOMMY, and TO RAISE 

NED (q.v.\ [An allusion to the 
anger of the first fratricide.] 

1849. RUXTON, Scenes in the Far 
West, p. 117. He had been knocking 
around all day in every grog-shop and 
bar-room in town, and when evening came 
he was seen swaggering down Main Street, 
his head bare, his eyes bloodshot, and his 
revolver in hand, shouting : ' Who'll hinder 
this child ? I am going TO RAISE CAIN ! 
Who's got anything to say agin it ? ' 

1869. MRS. BEECHER STOWE, Old 
Town Folks, p. 116. 'I'll tell you what, 
Solomon Peters,' said Miss Asphyxia, ' I'd 
jest as soon have the red dragon in the 
Revelation a comin' down on my house as 
a boy ! If I don't work hard enough now, 
I'd like to know, without having a boy 
around RAISIN' gineral CAIN.' 

CAIN AND ABEL, subs, fhr, (rhym- 
ing slang). A table. 

CAINSHAM - SMOKE, subs, phr, 
(old). The tears of a wife-beaten 
husband. DUNTON. Ladies' Die ~ 
tionary [1694], 

CAKE or CAKEY, subs, (popular). 
I. A fool or dullard. Quoted by 
Grose in his Dictionary of the 
Vulgar Tongue [1785], in various 
provincial glossaries, and generally 
colloquial in the lower strata of 
society. [In punning allusion, 
some have thought, to the doughy 



Cake. 



18 



Calaboose. 



softness of a cake, a name given 
at first to any ' flat ' kind of 
sweetened breadstuff. Hence 
variants, such, for example, as 
'flat,' 'soft,' and 'muff.' Others, 
however, trace it to the Greek 
icaicoc, bad, and point out that in 
University slang a clever man is 
called a good man and the oppo- 
site a bad one, or a CAKE.] For 
synonyms, see BUFFLE and CAB- 
BAGE-HEAD. 

1841. Comic Almanack ; 'Twelfth 
Night,' p. 256. And ever since, on fair 
Twelfth Night, A wand'ring form is seen : 
A female form, and this its cry : ' Vy vot 
a CAKE I've been ! ' 

1842. J. R. PLANCHE, The White Cat, 
II., iv. Your resignation proves that you 
must be The greatest CAKE he in his land 
could see ! 

1862. MRS. H. WOOD, Channings, 
ch. xxix. If Pye does not get called to 
order now, he may lapse into the habit of 
passing over hardworking fellows with 
brains to exalt some good-for-nothing CAKE 
with none, because he happens to have a 
Dutchman for his mother. 

2. (American thieves'). A 
stupid policeman. 

3. subs. (Christ's Hospital). 
A stroke with a cane. 

Verb (Christ's Hospital). To 



TO TAKE THE CAKE, phr. 

(common). To rank the highest ; 
to carry off the honours ; to be 
the best of a kind ; ' to fill the 
bilP (theatrical). [CAKE has 
long been employed symbolically 
in this connection ; in the seven- 
teenth and eighteenth centuries, 
' to get one's share of the cake ' 
was a common colloquialism. 
The special application has been 
popularised in the U.S.A. In 
certain sections of the country 
' cake walks ' are in vogue among 
the coloured people. The young 



bucks get themselves up most 
elaborately, and walk from one 
end of the hall to the other, under 
the gaze of beauty and the critical 
glance of the judges. The mark- 
ing is done on a scale of numbers, 
and the ties are walked off with 
the utmost finish and a rare at- 
tention to style. The prize is a 
CAKE and the winner TAKES it.] 
Whimsical variations are TO TAKE 

Or YANK THE BUN ; TO SLIDE 
AWAY WITH THE BANBURY ; TO 
ANNEX THE WHOLE CONFEC- 
TIONER'S SHOP. Cf., TO TAKE 

THE KETTLE = to take the prize 
for lying. 

1885. San Francisco Nevus Letter, 
Between you 'n me, red stockings ain't 
becomiri' to all ahem limbs, 'n for cool 
cheek 'n dash. I back some o'em against 
any saleslady 't makes a livin' by it, the 
way 't some o' those girls 'd pin on a 
boutonniere TOOK THE CAKE. 

HURRY UP THE CAKES ! phr. 
(American) = Look sharp ! 
Buckwheat and other hot cakes 
form a staple dish at many 
American tables, but the phrase 
has now become pure slang. 

LIKE HOT CAKES, phr. (Ame- 
rican). Quickly ; with energy ; 
a variant of LIKE WINKING, or 
LIKE ONE O'CLOCK (q.v.}. 

1888. Punch's Library, p'. 15. ' Will 
go LIKE HOT CAKES.' Book Seller (to 
Clerk). ' Haven't we an overstock of 



"Jack, the Giant|Killer," on hand, James ? ' 
Clerk. 'Yes, sir.' Book Seller. 'Well, 
take 'm up to the Polo Grounds this after- 
noon ; they'll sell fast enough there.' 

CAKEY - PANNUM FENCER. See 
PANNUM IENCER. 

CALABOOSE, subs. (American and 
nautical). The common gaol. 
[This word comes into popular u?e 
from the Spanish calabozo through 
the French calabouse.~\ So also 
TO CALABOOSE = to imprison. 



Calculate. 



Calfs Head. 



1840. R. H. DANA, Two Yearsbefore 
the Mast, ch. xxi. A few weeks after- 
wards I saw the poor wretch sitting on 
the bare ground, in front of the CALABOZO, 
with his feet chained to a stake, and 
handcuffs about his wrists. 

1888. Santa Ana Blade. Charley 
Read struck an old tramp in the CALA- 
BOOSE the other day, who looked disgusted 
at his headquarters and remarked ' Well 
I've been in every jail from Portland to 
Santa Ana, but this is the d nest snide of 
a CALABOOSE I ever struck yet. 

CALCULATE, verb (U.S. colloquial). 
To think ; expect ; believe ; 
intend ; indeed, almost any sense 
save the legitimate, which is ' to 
estimate by calculation.' It 
belongs to the same class of 
colloquialisms as GUESS and 
RECKON. CALCULATE is some- 
times, especially in New England, 
corrupted into CAL'LATE. 

1830. GALT, Laivrie, T., II., v. 
(1849), 56. I CALCULATE, that ain't no 
thing to make nobody afeard. 

1848. J. R. LOWELL, Biglvw Papers. 
The Sarjunt he thout Hosea hedn't gut his 
i teeth cos he looked a kindo's though he'd 
jest come down, so he CAL'LATED to hook 
him in, but Hosy woodn't take none of his 
sarse. 

1851. Miss WETHERELL, Queechy, 
ch. xix. 'Your aunt sets two tables, I 
CALCULATE, don't she?' 

CALEYS,.r&y. (Stock Exchange). 
Caledonian Railway Ordinary 
Stock. 

1881. ATKIN, House Scraps. ' If 
anything tickles our fancy We buy them, 
Brums, CALEYS or Apes.' 

CALF, stibs. (colloquial). An igno- 
ramus ; a dolt ; a weakling. Cf., 
CALF LOLLY. For synonyms, 
see BUFFLE and CABBAGE-HEAD. 

1553. UDALL, R oyster D., II., iv., 
in Hazl. Dodsley, III., 94. You great 
CALF, ye should have more wit, so ye 
should. 

1627. DRAYTON, Nymphid (1631), 
171. Some silly doting brainless CALFE. 



1872. H 



AIDE, Moials and 
' rlish fancy 
who had 



J.OJ4?. nAMll.lUIN nilJE., 1V1 U 

Mysteries, p. 60. She had a girli 
for the good-looking young CALF 
so signally disgraced himself, 



TO EAT THE CALF IN THE 

COW'S BELLY, phr. (common). 
A \ ariant of * to count 
one's chickens before they are 
hatched.' 

1748. RICHARDSON. Clarissa Har- 
lome [ed. 1811], III., 135. I ever made 
shift to avoid anticipations : I never would 

EAT THE CALF IN THE COW'S BELLY, as 

Lord M's phrase is. 

CALF-CLINGERS, subs, (common). 
Pantaloons ; i.e., close-fitting 
trousers. [Derivation obvious.] 
For synonyms, see BAGS and 
KICKS. 

1884. J. GREENWOOD, Little Raga- 
muffins. Knee-breeches were just going 
out of fashion when I was a little boy, and 
CALF-CLINGERS (that is, trousers made to 
fit the leg as tight as a worsted stocking) 
were ' coming in.' 

CALF, Cow, and BULL WEEK, subs, 
phr. (operatives'). Before the 
passing of the Factory Acts it 
was customary in manufacturing 
districts, especially for men, 
women, and children, to indulge 
in the practice of working verj 
long hours for a period of three 
weeks before the Christmas 
holidays. In the first, which 
was called * CALF WEEK,' the 
ordinary hours of work were 
but slightly exceeded ; in the 
second, or 'cow WEEK,' they 
were considerably augmented ; 
and in the third, or 'BULL WEEK,' 
it was common for operatives to 
spend the greater portion of the 
twenty-four of each day in their 
workshops. The practice re- 
sulted in extreme exhaustion and 
naturally indulgence to excess 
in stimulants. 



Calf-Lick. 



20 



Calico- Bally. 



1871. Echo, 4 Dec. CALF, cow, AND 
BULL WEEK. We find a good illustration 
of the beneficial influence of the Factory 
Acts in the reports of the Government 
Inspectors just issued. The district in- 
spector expresses the hope that the measures 
which he took against some offenders in 
BULL WEEK last year will extinguish for 
good and all this absurd and illogical 
custom. 

CALF'S HEAD, subs, (common). -A 
stupid, witless individual. For 
synonyms, see BUFFLE and CAB- 
BAGE-HEAD. 

1600. SHAKSPEARE, Much Ado 
about Nothing, V.,i., CLAUDIO : ' I' faith, 
I thank him ; he hath bid me to a CALF'S 
HEAD and a capon ; the which if I do not 
carve most curiously, say my knife's naught. 

CALF- LICK. See COW-LICK. 

CALF - LOLLY, subs. (old). An 
idle simpleton ; a general term of 
reproach. 

1653. URQUHART, Rabelais, bk. I., 
ch. xxv. Jobbinol goosecaps, foolish 
loggerheads, flutch CALF-LOLLIES. 

1708. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, iv., xvii. 
I was a CALF-LOLLY, a doddipole. 

CALF - LOVE, subs, (common). 
A youthful, romantic fancy. [A 
sarcastic allusion to the blind 
unreasoning character of boy and 
girl attachments.] 

1823. GALT, Entail, I., xxxii., 284. 
I made a CALF-LOVE marriage. [M.J 

1863. MRS. GASKELL, Sylvia's Lovers, 
II., 104. It's a girl's fancy just a kind o' 
CALF-LOVE let it go by. 

1884. Longman's Mag., IV., 50. I 
was still at the early and agonising stage 
of the passion which is popularly known as 

CALF-LOVE. 



CALFSKIN-FIDDLE, subs, (old). A 
drum. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue^ s.v. 



CALF-STICKING, subs, (thieves'). 
Explained by quotation. [Cf. t 
CALF and STICK]. 

1883. Daily Telegraph, 25 July, p' 
2, col. i. The venerable oarsman grinned, 
and set me right by explaining that what 
was called CALF-STICKING by those who 
practised it was the putting off of worth- 
less rubbish, on the pretence that it was 
smuggled goods, on any foolish or un- 
scrupulous person who could be inveigled 
into treating for the same. 

CA LI BOGUS, subs. (American). A 
very old name for a mixture of 
rum and spruce beer, being 
quoted by Grose in 1785 as ' an 
American beverage.' The last 
two syllables of the word are 
thought to be derived from the 
French bagasse, the refuse of the 
sugar cane. This view would 
seem to be supported by the 
fact that rum is itself a product 
of the sugar cane. 

1861. L. DE BOILEAU. Recoil. 
Labrador Life, p. 162. CALLI BOGUS, a 
mixture of Rum and Spruce-beer, more of 
the former and less of the latter. 



CALICO, adj. (old). Thin ; wasted ; 
attenuated. [Calicut is the name 
of the Indian city whence the 
material of the comparison was 
brought. The earliest reference 
for original signification given by 
Murray is 1505 ; but he omits the 
cant meaning.] 

1733. NATH \NIEL BAILEY, Colloquies 
of Erasmus (translated), p. 37. In such a 
place as that your CALLICO body (tenui 
corpusculo) had need have a good fire to 
keep it warm. 

1861. SAL A, Seven Sons of Mammon. 
A shrewd, down-east Yankee once ques- 
tioned a simple Dutchman out of his well- 
fed steed, and left him instead a vile 
CALICO mare in exchange. 

CALICO-BALLY, adj. (common). 
Somewhat ' fast ' ; applied to 



California. 



21 



Calverfs Entire. 



one always on the look out for 
amusement. [Primarily used of 
frequenters of CALICO-BALLS.] 

180). Broadside Ballad, 'The Flip- 
perty-Flop Young Man.' I once was a 
cabby and hack young man, And a little 
bit CALICO-BALLY ; A picture card out of 
the pack young man, And frequently music 
hally. 

CALIFORNIA. See CALIFORNIAN, 
sense 2. 

CALIFORNIAN, subs, (common). i. 
A red or hard-dried herring. 
Further explained by quota- 
tions. Also SOLDIER, ATLANTIC 
RANGER and GLASGOW MAGIS- 
TRATE. 

1873. CasselFs Mag., Jan., p. 245, 
Very large quantities of cured herrings 
came from North Britain at that time, and, 
excepting those from the Firth of Forth, 
they were more cured, dryer and salter 
than those from Norfolk. Some were sent 
very dry indeed, as hard as a stick, and of 
a very deep red colour; such were used, 
as similar fish now are, for exportation. 
About the time of the gold discoveries, 
some one applied the term CALIFOKNIAN 
to these. The word was appropriate, 
and CALIFORNIANS such highly-coloured 
herrings are called to this day. 

2. [Generally used in the 
plural CALIFORNIANS.] Generic 
lor gold pieces. 

CALIFORNIA WIDOW, subs. phr. 
(American). A married woman 
whose husband is away from her for 
any extended period ; a GRASS 
WIDOW (q.v.} in the least offen- 
sive sense. The expression dates 
from the period of the Californian 
gold fever, when so many men 
went West, leaving their wives 
and families behind them. 

CALK, verb (Eton College). To 
throw. 

CALL, subs. (Eton College). The 
time when the masters do not call 
ABSENCE (g.v.). 



TO HAVE or GET A CALL UPON, 

phr. (American), To have a pre- 
ierence, or the first chance. 

1888. Puck's Library, May, p. 23, 
Picture Dealer (to Professionals Hus- 
band) : ' No, sir ; I can't sell no more of 
your wife's pictures unless she gets down 
some of that flesh, and looks kinder 
sestheticker. The ethereal and intellectual 
HAS GOT THE CALL on the old style of 
beauty now-a-days. 

To CALL A GO, verbal phr. 
(vagrants' and street patterers'). 
To change one's stand ; to 
alter one's tactics ; to give in at 
any game or business. [From the 
GO ' call ' in cribbage.] 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 252. To CALL A 
GO, signifies to remove to another spot, or 
adopt some other patter, or, in short, to 
resort to some change or other in conse- 
quence of a failure. 

TO TALL A SPADE A SPADE. 

See SPADE. 

TO CALL OVER THE COALS. 

See WIGGING. 

PUT AND CALL. See PUT. 



CALLE, subs, (old and American 
thieves'). A cloak or gown. 
Quoted by Grose [178$], and 
still in use in the U.S.A. amongst 
the criminal classes. For syno- 
nyms, see CASTER. 

CALP or KELP, subs. (old). A hat. 
[Origin unknown.] For syno- 
nyms, see GOLGOTHA. 

CALVERT'S ENTIRE. The Four- 
teenth Foot. [Called CALVERT 
from their colonel, Sir Harry Cal- 
vert( 1 806-1826), and ENTIRE, be 
cause three entire battalions were 
kept up for the good of Sir 
Harry, when adjutant -general. 
A play upon words in reference 



Calves. 



22 



Camesa. 



to Calvert's malt liquors.] This 
regiment was also called the OLD 
AND BOLD. 

1780. R. TOMLINSON, Slang Pastoral, 
canto viii. Gin ! What is become of thy 
heart-chearing fire, And where is the beauty 
of CALVERT'S INTIKE? 

1871. Chambers' Journal, 23 Dec , 
p. 803, col. i. The 1 4th Foot, CALVERT'S 

ENTIRE. 

1886. Tinsley's Magazine, April, p. 
322. A very curious name, CALVERT'S 
ENTIRE, used to be attached to the i4th, 
but this as well as the circumstances which 
gave rise to it are forgotten. 



CALVES. CALVES GONE TO GRASS, 
subs. phr. (old). Said of spindle 
sh inks ; i.e., slender, undeveloped 
legs, with lack of calves. 

THERE ARE MANY WAYS OF 
DRESSING CALVES' HEADS, phr. 
(old). Many ways of saying or 
doing a foolish thing ; a simple- 
ton has many ways of showing 
his folly ; or, generally, if one 
way won't do, we must try 
another. 

CALVES' HEADS ARE BEST HOT, 
phr. (common). A sarcastic 
apology for one sitting down to 
eat with his hat on. See STAND- 
UP. 



CALX, subs. (Eton College). The 
goal line at football. [From a 
Latin sense of CALX = a goal, 
anciently marked with lime or 
chalk.] At Eton CALX is a space 
so marked off at each end of 
WALL ; GOOD CALX is the end at 
which there is a door for a goal ; 
BAD CALX the end where part of 
an elm tree serves the purpose. 

1864. Daily Telegraph, Dec. i. The 
Collegers were over-weighted . . . and 
the Oppidans managed to get the ball 
down into their CALX several times. [M.] 



CAMBRIDGE OAK, subs. (old). A 
willow. [An allusion to the 
abundance of this tree in the 
county in question, which is 
situate in the P'en District.] 
Formerly many analogous sayings 
were in vogue ; e.g. , 'A Cots- 
wold lion ' for 'a sheep,' etc. 
See also CAMBRIDGESHIRE 

NIGHTINGALE. 

CAMBRIDGESHIRE or FEN NIGHTIN- 
GALE, subs. phr. (common). A 
frog. [The county is scored with 
canals and dykes ; the allusion is 
to the natural preponderance of the 
croaking of frogs over the singing 
of nightingales.] Cf. CAM- 
BRIDGE OAK and CAPE NIGHTIN- 
GALE. 

1875. Chambers' Journal, No. 581, 
p. 107, col. 2. The male of the eatable frog 
is distinguished ... by ... a pouch 
. . . These pouches increase the volume 
of the croak, and render it so powerful that 
the possessors have, from the county in 
which they are particularly plentiful, 
received the nickname of CAMBRIDGESHIRE 

NIGHTINGALES. 

CAM DEN -TOWN, subs, (rhyming 
slang). A half penny, or 'brown.' 
For synonyms, see MAG. 

CAMEL'S COMPLAINT, subs. phr. 
(common). Low spirits; the 
HUMP (q.V.}. 

CAMESA, suls. (thieves'). A shirt 
chemise, or 'shimmy.' [From 
the Spanish camisa, or Italian 
caniicia.'} The word appears in 
various forms from the beginning 
of the seventeenth century, e.g., 
' camisa,' * camiscia ' ' kemesa,' 
* camis , ' and in a more genuinely 
English dress as ' COMMISSION ' 
(q.v.), which in turn is shortened 
into MISH (g.v.). For synonyms, 
see FLESH-BAG. 

1690. B.E., Diet. Cant. Crew. CA- 
MESA : a shirt or shift. 



Camister. 



Canack. 



1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. CAMESA (cant, Spanish) : a 
shirt or shift. 

1812. BYRON, Childe Harold II., 
Tambourgi ii. Oh ! who is more brave 
than a dark Suliote, In his snowy CAMESE 
and his shaggy capote ? 

1834. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood, 
bk. III., ch. v. With my fawnied famms, 
and my onions gay, my thimble of ridge, 
and my driz (laced) KEMESA. 

CAMISTER, subs, (thieves'). A 
preacher or clergyman. From 
the white gown or surplice. 
From Latin camisia^ a linen 
tunic, alb, or shirt, + (probably) 
a termination suggested by 
' minister. '] For synonyms, see 
DEVIL-DODGER. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 231. [List of 
patterer's words.] CAMISTER= Minister. 

CAMP. To GO TO CAMP, phr. 
(Australian). To go to bed ; to 
take rest. [From the practice 
in the early settlers' days of 
forming a camp whenever a halt 
for the night was called.] 

1887. All the Year Round, 30 July, 
p. 66, col. 2. To GO TO CAMP, by a 
transference of its original meaning, now 
signifies, in the mouth of a dweller in 
houses, simply 'to lie down,' 'togotobed.' 

TO TAKE INTO CAMP, phr* 

(Common). To kill. 

1878. S.L.CLEMENS ('Mark Twain') 
Sotne Rambling Notes of an Idle Ex- 
cursion, p. 66. Sure enough one night the 
trap took Mrs. Jones's principal tomcat into 
camp, and finished him up. 

To CAMP, phr. (Australian). 
To surpass ; to ' floor.' 

18(?) H. KENDALL, Billy Vickers. 
At punching oxen you may guess There's 
nothing out can CAMP him ; He has, in 
fact, the slouch and dress Which bullock- 
driver stamp him. 

CAMPBELL'S ACADEMY, subs. phr. 
(old). The hulks, or lighters, 



on boa^d of which felons were 
condemned to hard labour. Mr. 
Campbell was the first director. 
Grose. See ACADEMY and 
FLOATING ACADEMY. For 
synonyms, see CAGE. 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
II., n. He was tried at Guildhall, West- 
minster, and sentenced to improve as a 
pupil in Mr. Duncan Campbell's FLOATING 
ACADEMY for five years. 

CAM P-CAN DLESTiCK,.yfo. (military) 
An empty bottle, or a bayonet. 
Quoted in the Lexicon Balatroni- 
cum [1811]. For synonyms in 
the sense of 'an empty bottle,' 
see DEAD-MAN. 

CAMP-STOOL BRIGADE, s^lbs. phr. 
(common). Said in the first 
place of people who wait outside 
a place of entertainment to secure 
the best seats, and bring camp- 
stools with them to rest them- 
selves. 

1889. Pall Mall Gazette, 23 Sept., 
p. 5, col. 2. The first night of the Gaiety 
Wanderers will not be forgotten in a 
hurry. Seats for the occasion were booked 
a year ago last April ! Can you wonder 
that the CAMP-STOOJ. BRIGADE besieged 
the pit door as early as 10 a.m. ? 

CAN, subs. (American). I. Adollar 
piece. 

2. (Scots). A 'slavey.' 

CANACK, CANUCK, KANUCK, 

K'NUCK, subs. (American). A 
Canadian, usually a K'NUCK. 
[Obscure, and limited in its appli- 
cation within the Canadian 
frontier. There, a CANUCK is 
understood to be a French 
Canadian, just as within the 
limits of the Union only New 
Englanders are termed Yankees ; 
whereas elsewhere that appel- 
lation is given indiscriminately to 



Canary, 



24 



Canary. 



natives of all the States. It is by 
some supposed that CANUCK is 
a corruption of Connaught, the 
name applied by French-Cana- 
dians to the Irish, from which it 
would follow that, by a process 
of inversion, a nickname given 
by one section of a nation to 
another has, in course of time, been 
applied to the whole. Others, 
however, think the first syllable 
of 'Canada 'has been joined to 
the Algonkin Indian substantive 
termination uc or ug.~\ 

CANARY or CANARY-BIRD, subs. 
(thieves'). I. A prisoner; a 
very old cant term for habitual 
offenders ; or, as Grose says 
[1785], ' a person used to be kept 
in a CAGE' (q.v.}. The same 
idea occurs in some foreign equiva- 
lents, e.g., the French, oiseau de 
cage, and the German, Kastener^ 
from Kasten, a chest or case. 
For synonyms, see WRONG 'UN. 

1673. HEAD, Canting Academy, p. 
157. Newgate is a cage of CANARY-BIRDS. 

1725. New Canting Dictionary. CA- 
NARY-BIRD, a little, arch, or knavish boy ; 
a rogue or whore taken and clapped into 
the cage or roundhouse. 

1839. HARRISON AINSWORTH, Jack 
Sheppard [1889], p. 55. Now for the cage, 
my pretty CANARY-BIRD. Before we start 
I'll accommodate you with a pair of ruffles. 

2. (general). A mistress. 
{See preceding quot. (1725) : the 
term is still in use.] For syno- 
nyms, see TART. 

3. (common). Formerly a 
guinea, but now applied to a 
sovereign [From similarity of 
colour.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Yellow 
boy ; goldfinch ; yellow hammer ; 
shiner ; gingleboy ; monarch ; 
couter ; bean foont ; James 



(from Jacobus) ; poona ; por- 
trait ; quid ; thick 'un ; skin ; 
skiv ; dragon ; goblin. A guinea 
was also called a ' ned.' 

FRENCH SYNONYMS for the 
equivalent twenty franc piece 
are, un jatinet (popular : literally 
' butter-cup ' or ' yellow-boy ') ; 
une sigue, sigle, sigolle or cig 
(thieves') ; un bonnet jaune( popu- 
lar : literally ' yellow-cap ' or 
'bonnet'); un boitton (i.e., 'a 
master-key ') ; une maltaise (old 
cant ; according to Victor Hugo 
this go'd coin was used on board 
the convict galleys at Malta) ; un 
motile a boutons (popular) ; une 
medaille d"or (popular : = a gold 
medal). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Gelbling 
(gelb = yellow r ) ; Fuchs (a gold 
piece ; literally ' a fox '). 

For synonyms of money gene- 
rally, see ACTUAL and GILT. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the 
Vulgar Tongue. CANARY-BIRDS in a 
canting sense, guineas. 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, ch. 
xvi. Fifty as fair yellow CANARY-BIRDS as 
e'er chirped in the bottom of a green silk 
purse. 

1842. Punch, p. 168. ' Prolusiones 
etymological,' 13. Goldfinches CANARIES. 
Singing birds ; the which whose pos- 
sesseth needeth never to pine for lack of 
notes. 

4. (thieves'). A female watcher 
or stall; a MOLLISHER (q.v.). 
Cf. CROW = a male watcher. 
Fr. une marque franche. 

1362. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Land. Poor, IV., 337. Sometimes a woman, 
called a ' CANARY,' carries the tools [of 
burglars], and watches outside. 

5. ( Salvation Army). A written 
promise of a donation or sub- 
scription. At some of the meet- 
ings of the ' Army ' instead of 



Cancer. 



Candy man. 



sending round the plate, the 
' officers ' distribute slips of paper 
on which those present are in- 
vited to record their benevolent 
intentions. The original colour 
of the slips was yellow hence 
the nickname. 

CANCER. To CATCH or CAPTURE 
A CANCER, phr. (common). See 
CRAB. 

1857. HOOD, Pen and Pencil Pictures 
p. 141. He had another way of CAPTURING 
CANCERS, namely, by never putting his oar 
into the water at all. 

CANDLE - KEEPERS, subs. (Win- 
chester College). The eight 
seniors in college by election who 
are not prefects. They enjoy 
most of the privileges of prsefects 
without their powers. 

1870. M NSFIELD, School-Life at 
Winchester C. lege, p. 30. The Seven 
CANDLE-KEEPERS (why so-called, I have 
no idea, nor have I ever heard any inter- 
pretation of the appellation) These were 
the seven inferiors who had been longest 
in the school, quite independently of their 
position in it ; they were generally old and 
tough. Of these, the senior had almost as 
much power as a praefect ; he had a ' valet ' 
in chambers, one or two ' breakfast fags, 1 
and the power of fagging the twenty juniors 
when in school, or in meads. The junior 
CANDLE KEEPER was called ' the Deputy,' 
and had also some slight privileges besides 
that of having a valet and breakfast fag, 
which was common to all of them. 

1878. ADAMS, Wykehamica, p. 278. 
Presided over by a CANDLE-KEEPER. 



CANDLESTICK, subs. i. (Winchester 
College). A humorous corrup- 
tion of the wcrd * candidate.' 

1870. MANSFIELD, School-Life at 
Winchester College, p. 175. Each of these 
[the Electors] had in turn the privilege 
of nominating a boy for admission into 
Winchester till all vacancies were filled, 
of which there were generally about twelve, 
but always many more ' Candidates ' (or 
CANDLESTICKS, as they were often called). 



1878. H. C. ADAMS, Wykehamica, p. 
418. CANDLESTICK, merely a facetious 
version of ' candidate.' 



2 pi. (London). The 
tains in Trafalgar Square. 



foun- 



1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
Lon. Poor, I., p. 529. There was his 
(Nelson's) pillar at Charing Cross, just by 
the CANDLESTICKS (fountains). 



CANDY, adj. (old). Given by Grose 
in 1785, and by the Lexicon 
Balatronicum, in 1811, as 'drunk 
an Irish term.' 

CANDYMAN, subs, (northern). A 
bailiff or process server. Origin- 
ally a seller of candy. [In 
October, 1863, there was a great 
strike of miners at the collieries 
of Messrs. Strakers and Love, in 
the county of Durham. As no 
adjustment of the difference was 
possible, the owners determined 
to eject the miners from their 
cottages. For this purpose, an 
army of rascals were engaged, 
including at least one whose 
ordinary occupation was that of 
hawking candy and sweetmeats. 
The man was recognised and was 
chaffed ; and CANDYMAN, which 
rapidly became a term of reproach, 
was soon applied to the whole 
class ; and since that time is come 
into general use over the two 
northern counties whenever eject- 
ments take place.] 

1863. Newcastle Chronicle, Oct. 31. 
The colliery carts and waggons stood at 
the doors, and the furniture was handed 
out, and piled quickly but carefully upon 
them. It was evident that the CANDYMEN 
had warmed to their work. The name 
of CANDYMAN has been given to the 
loaders because of their avocations of 
' candy ' hawking, from which they are 
supposed to have been taken to be put to 
this work. 

1876. Notes and Queries, 5 S., v., 405. 
A term in the North for men employed to 



Canister. 



Canoe. 



carry out evictions against cottage 
occupiers. 

1886. Notes and Queries,"'] S., i., p. 
445- 

CANISTER,.?/^.?, (general). I. The 
head. [A transference of the 
original meaning, ' a box or 
case for holding things.'] For 
synonyms, see CRUMPET. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. To 
mill his CANNISTER ; to break his head. 

1821. MONCRIEFF, Tom and Jerry, 
Act ii., Sc. 4. Tom. I've nobb'd him on 
the CANISTER. 

1885. BelFs Life, Jan. 3, p. 8, col. 4. 
Once more did the star of Australia rise, 
but to set from additional raps on the 
CANISTER. He fell on his knees, and his 
head droped on his breast. 

2. (common). A hat. [For- 
merly CANISTER-CAP (see sense 
i) ; subsequently shortened to 
CANISTER.] For synonyms, see 
GOLGOTHA. 

1887. ATKIN, House Scraps. Turning 
round, I saw my unfortunate beaver, or 
CANISTER, as it was called by the gentry 
who had it in their keeping, bounding 
backwards and forwards. 

CANK, adj. (old). Dumb; silent. 
[Curiously enough, CANK also 
signifies ' to chatter,' or ' cackle 
as a goose ' ; it only survives in 
this latter sense.] 

1673. R. HEAD, Canting Acad., 36. 
CANK. : dumb. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. CANK : dumb. 

CANNIBAL, subs. (Cambridge Uni- 
versity). In the bumping races 
at Cambridge, a college may be 
represented by more than one 
boat. The best talent is put into 
the first, but it has sometimes 
happened that the crew of the 
second have got so well together 
that it has disappointed the 



prophets and bumped the first of 
its own college. In this case it 
is termed A CANNIBAL, it having 
eaten up its own kind, and a fine 
is enacted from it by the Univer- 
sity Boat Club. 

CANNIKIN or CANNiKEN,.57/&y. (old). 
The plague. [Grose includes 
it in his dictionary under the 
sense of ' a small can,' but this 
was not a slang usage.] 

1688. R. HOLME, Armoury. III., 
iii., 68. CANNIKIN, the Plague. [M.] 

1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew. s.v. 

CAN Nis-CovE, .fz/Ay.( American). A 
dog-fancier. [Either from Latin 
cants, a dog, or the Fr. caniche^ 
poodle + COVE, a man.] 

CANNON. See CANON. 

CANNON-BALLS, subs, (political). 
i. A nickname, now obsolete, 
given to the irreconcileable oppo- 
nents of free trade in England. 

1858. Saturday Re-view, 30 Oct., p. 
413, col. 2. The amendment . . . which 
pealed for ever the fate of Protection, was 
carried [in 1852] with only fifty dissentient 
voices the celebrated CANNON-BALLS. 
[M.] 

2. (venery). The testicles. 
For synonyms see CODS. 

CANOE. To PADDLE ONE'S OWN 
CANOE, phr. (American). To 
make one's own way in life ; to 
exhibit skill and energy ; to 
succeed unaided ; a slang phrase 
of Western American origin, but 
now universal. [Extremely care- 
ful and clever manipulation is 
required in the management of 
canoes, especially in shooting 
rapids ; otherwise the surging 
body of water might swamp the 
boat, or sunken rocks strike and 
seriously damage it. Hence the 
adoption of such an expression to 
signify skill, close attention, and 



Canon. 



27 



Canoodle. 



energy.] A variant is TO BAIL 
ONE'S OWN BOAT; and the French 
have a proverbial saying, il conduit 
or il mene bien sa barque. 

1845. Harper s Magazine, May. 
Voyager upon life's sea, to yourself be 
true ; And, where'er your lot may be, 
PADDLE YOUR OWN CANOE. 

1868. Broadside Ballad, sung by 
HARRY CLIFTON. My wants are small, I 
care not at all, If my debts are paid when 
due. And to drive away strife on the ocean 

Of life, I PADDLE MY OWN CANOE. 

1870. C. H. SPURGEON. At Metro- 
politan Tabernacle [speaking of Mr. John 
Magregor said] He puts his trust in God 
and PALDLES HIS OWN CANOE. 

1871. DE VERB, English of the New 
World, p. 343. The familiarity with 
boating, which the unsurpassed number of 
watercourses all over the country naturally 
produces everywhere, has led to the use, 
not only of PADDLING ONE'S OWN CANOE, 
. . . but also of ' bailing one's own boat,' 
in the sense of ' minding one's own busi- 
ness,' independently and without waiting 
for help from others. 

CANON or CANNON, adj. (thieves'). 
Drunk. [The origin of this 
term is very obscure, although 
many guesses have been hazarded. 
Amongst these may be mentioned 
( i ) From the ' can ' having been 
used freely. Rather less absurd 
is (2) its derivation from the 
French slang expressions un 
canon, a glass drunk at the bar 
of a wine-shop ; canonner, to 
drink wine at a wine-shop, or to 
be a habitual tippler ; se canonner, 
to get drunk ; and un canonneur, a 
tippler, v;ine-bibber, or drunkard, 
Yet another suggested origin is 
(3) from the German cannon, a 
drinking cup, from which is ob- 
tained canonised, = ' shot ' or 
'drunk.' A German proverb 
runs er ist geschossen, and Barrere 
points out that CANON becomes 
naturally confused with can, Ger- 
man Kaune, a tankard, and 
Canonenstiefel, or ' canon ' (f.e., 



long boots), a common pattern of 
tankard.] For synonyms, see 
SCREWED. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
Mag., XL., 502. One night I was with 
the mob, I got CANON (drunk), this being 
the first time. 

CANOODLE, verb (American). i. 
To fondle ; bill and coo ; indulge 
in endearments. See CANOOD- 
LING. [There are two suggested 
derivations (i) from CANNIE in 
the sense of gentle, and (2) that 
the primary signification may have 
been ' to act as a noodle,' i.e., to 
play the fool.] For synonyms, 
see FIRKYTOODLE. 

1864. G. A. SALA, Temple Bar, Dec., 
p. 40. He is an adept in that branch of 
persuasive dialectics known as conoodling. 
He will CONOODLE the ladies (bless their 
dear hearts ! and how sharp they think 
themselves at making a bargain !) into 
the acquisition of whole packages of gim- 
crack merchandise. 

1879. Punch, March 15, p. 117, col. 
2. 'Our Representative Man.' Then 
he and the matchless one struggle, snuggle, 
and generally CONOODLE together rap- 
turously. Then the matchless Ecstacy 
being the wife, not of the Chevalier, but of 
Charles VI., Kine of France, she, this 
impulsive, loving, beautiful, hugging, 
conoodling young Ecstacy, has the cool 
impudence to declare that theirs is a 
1 guiltless love.' 

2. (Oxford University). To 
paddle or propel a canoe. 

1879. E. H. MARSHALL, in Notes and 
Queries, 5 S., xi., 375. When I was an 
undergraduate at Oxford, to CANOODLE 
was the slang expression for paddling 
one's own canoe on the bosom of the 
Cherwell or the Isis. 

3 . ( American theatrical ) . To 
share profits. 

18(?). Green Room Jokes. 'Pray, 
good sir, what is a CANOODLER?' 'Tell 
you, mum, queer business, mum, but 
prosperous, money heaps of it, mum, for 
you and me ' and he winked significantly, 
jerked up a chair, and squatted in it, all in 
a breath. . . . Undeterred, he rattled on : 



Canoodler. 



28 



Cant. 



1 I'm an original thinker, mum. Invent 
bu>iness opportunities. Share 'm with 
actors, and then we CANOODLE divvy the 
profits. Me and Sheridan made a big 
thing on the Japanese advertising screen 
in " School for Scandal ! " Big thing.' m 

4. (common). To coax. 
CANOODLER. See CANOODLE. 

CANOODLING, verbal subs. (Ameri- 
can). Endearments. 

1859. SALA, Twice Round the Clock, 
ii a.m., par. 8. A sly kiss, and a squeeze, 
and a pressure of the foot or so, and a 
variety of harmless endearing blandish- 
ments, known to our American cousins 
(who are great adepts at sweet-hearting) 
under the generic name of CONOODLING. 

1864 and 1879. [See quots. under 
Canoodle, sense i.] 

CANT, subs, arid verb. [As regards 
derivation (whether noun or verb), 
to signify the speech, phraseology, 
or whine peculiar to thieves, 
beggars, and vagrants, authorities 
differ among and with themselves: 
the word occurs as early as 1540, 
and has long since achieved 
respectability. Grose was pro- 
bably wrong in thinking it a cor- 
ruption of chaunting, and it was 
certainly in use long prior to the 
two Scotch clergymen, Oliver 
and Andrew Cant, who are said 
to have preached with such a 
voice and such a manner as to 
give their name to all speaking of 
the same kind. A correspondent 
of Notes and Queries (2 S., vii., 
158) suggests as a possible source 
the ordinary word mendicant (fr. 
Lat. mendico), but this is histori- 
cally improbable, and the weight 
of evidence is in favour of the 
Latin cantus, singing or song, 
though it must be observed that 
neither the ancient nor the modern 
usage implies a mere sing-song, 
but rather the whine of one bent 



on deceit. There is a con- 
sciousness of hypocrisy be the 
canting in connection with re- 
ligion, politics, begging, or any- 
thing else ; and this principle is 
recognized in the attempt on the 
part of The Scots Observer to sub- 
stitute BLEAT (subs, and verb) 
for the cant of aestheticism, the 
cant which deals with art in the 
language of sentiment and emotion . 
It has been further suggested that 
if the word meant singing, the 
A.S. cantere is a much more 
probable source of origin than 
the Latin canto or cantus ; but 
there is an argument which seems 
to lend additional weight to the 
claim of the latter language : the 
French chanter, to sing, is some- 
times used in the sense of CANT. 
In answer to a whining, lying 
tale (in reply indeed to anything 
incredible whether whining or 
brazen), a Frenchman would say, 
' Qu est ce que vous chantez la. ' 
Whatever the derivation, how- 
ever, there is little doubt that 
Andrew Cant has little to do 
with it ; indeed, Pennant in his 
Tour in Scotland, vol. I., p. 122, 
says that ' Andrew canted no 
more than the rest of his brethren, 
for he lived in a whining age.'] 

Subs. i. The secret speech or 
jargon of the vagrant classes 
gipsies, thieves, beggirs, etc. ; 
hence, contemptuously, the pecu- 
liar phraseology of a particular 
class or subject. Identical with 
THIEVES' LATIN, ST. GILES' 
GREEK, PEDDLAR'S FRENCH, 
etc. (q.v.) ; but for synonyms, 
see FLASH. 
1706. In PHILLIPS. [M.] 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.) 
CANT (s.) : a barbarous broken sort of 
speech made use of by gypsies. 

1856. C. REA DE, Never too Late, ch. 



Cant. 



29 



Cant, 



xlv. AH this not in English, but in 
thieves' CANT. 

Here follow specimens of 
ancient and modern jargon. 
Further illustrations will be found 
in the canting songs in the Ap- 
pendix. 

[ANCIENT CANT.] 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (E.E.T. Soc., 
extra series, IX., 1869), p. 84-86. The 
vpright Cofe canteth to the Roge. VPRIGHT- 
MAN. Bene Lightmans to thy quarromes, 
in what lipken hast thou lypped in this 
darkemans, whether in a lybbege, or in the 
strummell ? ROGE. I couched a hogshead 
in a Skypper this darkemans. VPRIGHT- 
MAN. 1 towre the strummel trine vpon thy 
nabchet and Togman. ROGE. I saye by 
the Salomon I will lage it of with a gage of 
benebouse ; then cut to my nose watch. 
MAN. Why, hast thou any lowre in thy 
bonge to bouse ? ROGE. But a flagge, a 
wyn, and a make, etc., etc., etc. 

[MODERN THIEVES' LINGO.! 
1881. New York Slang Dictionary. 
Oh ! I'm fly. You mean jumping Jack, 
who was done last week for heaving a 
peter from a drag. But you talked of 
padding the hoof. Why, sure, Jack had a 
rattler and a prad ? ' ' Yes, but they 
were spotted by the harmans, and so we 
walked Spanish.' ' Was he nabbed on the 
scent ? ' ' No ; his pal grew leaky and 
cackled.' 'Well, Bell, here's the bingo- 
sluice your gob ! But who was the cull 
that peached ? ' 'A slubber de gullion 
named Harry Long, who wanted to pass 
for an out-and-out cracksman, though he 
was merely a diver.' ' Whew ! I know 
the kiddy like a copper, and saved him 
once from lumping the lighter by putting in 
buck. Why, he scarcely knows a jimmy 
from a round robin, and Jack deserved the 
tippet for making a law with him, as all 
coves of his kidney blow the gab. But how 
did you hare it to Romeville, Bell for I 
suppose the jets cleaned you out?' ' I kidded 
a swell in a snoozing-ken, and shook him of 
his dummy and thimble.' ' Ah ! Bell ! 
you were always the blowen for a rum bing.' 

2. (pugilistic) a blow or toss. 
[In Mem. Capt. P. Drake, II., 
xiv., 244 (1755), occurs this pas- 
sage, ' To give me such a CANT 
as I never had before or since, 
which was the whole length of the 
coffee-room ; he pitched me on my 



head and shoulders under a large 
table at the further end.' Transi- 
tion from the nautical sense of 
heeling over to that embodied in 
' CANT on the chops,' is easy.] For 
synonyms, see BANG, DIG, and 
WIFE. 

3. (tramps'). Food. Also 
KA.NT, but Cf., sense 4. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London 
Labour and London Poor, vol. III., p. 
415. The house was good for a CANT 
that's some food bread or meat. 

1877. BESANT AND RICE, Son. of 
Vulcan, pt. I., ch. ix. The slavey's been 
always good for a KANT, and the cove for 
a bob. 

4. (tramps'). A gift. [Possibly 
connected with CANT, sense 3, a 
share or portion.] 

1857. SNOWDEN. Mag. Assistant, 3, 
ed., p. 444. Gift of Clothes CANT of 
Togs. 

Verb.- i. To speak with the 
beggar's whine. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1869), 34. 
c It shall be lawefull for the to CANT 
that is, to aske or begge ' for thy living in 
al places.' 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 17 (B. Club's Repr., 1874). According 
to the saying that you [thieves and cad- 
gers] haue among your selues (If you can 
CANT, you 'will neuer worke) shewing that 
if they haue beene rogues so long, that 
they can CANT, they will neuer settle 
themselues to labour againe. 

2. To speak the jargon of 
gipsies, beggars, and other vag- 
rants. See CANTING. 

1592. Defence of Conny-catcking, in 
Greene's Works, XI., 45. At these wordes 
Conny-catcher and Setter, I was driven 
into as great a maze, as if one had dropt 
out of the clowds, to heare a peasant CANT 
the wordes of art belonging to our trade. 

1609. DEKKER, English Villainies 
(1638), And as these people are strange, 
both in names and in their conditions, so 
do they speake a language (proper only to 
themselves) called Canting, which is more 
strange. This word canting, seemes to be 



Cantab. 



Canter. 



derived from the Latine Verbe(C#/0) which 
signifies in English to sing, or to make a 
sounde with words, that is to say, to 
speake. And very aptly may Canting take 
its derivation, a cantando, from singing, 
because amongst these beggerly consorts 
that can play on no better instruments, the 
language of canting is a kinde of Musicke, 
and he that in such assemblies can CANT 
best, is counted the best musician. 

1639. FORD, Lady's Trial, V., i. 
One can man a gulan, and CANT, and pick 
a pocket. 

1748. T DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.) 
CANT (v.) : to talk gibberish like gypsies. 

3. To speak ; to talk. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 66. 
To CANTE, to speake. 

1881. New York Slang Dictionary. 
1 On the trail.' ' But CANT us the cues. 
What was the job?' 'A pinch for an 
emperor's slang. We touched his leather 
too, but it was very lathy. 

CANTAB, suds, (colloquial). A 
student at Cambridge. [An ab- 
breviation of * Cantabrigian. '] 

1750. COVENTRY, Pomfey Litt. II., 
x. (1785), p. 18, col. i. The young CANTAB 
. . . had come up to London. [M.] 

1821. BYRON, Don yuan, c. Hi., 
st. 126. And I grown out of many ' wooden 
spoons ' Of verse (the name with which we 
CANTABS please To dub the last of honours 
in degrees). 

CANTABANK, subs. (old). A com- 
mon ballad singer. [From Latin 
cantare, to sing, + banco, bench ; 
i.e., a singer on a stage or plat- 
form. ] 

1589. PUTTENHAM, Eng. Ppesie 
(Arb.), 96. Small and popular Musickes 
song by these CANTABANQUI vpon benches 
and barrels heads. [M.] 

1834. TAYLOR, Ph. -van Art, pt. I., 
Hi., 2. He was no tavern CANTABANK 
that made it, But a Squire minstrel of your 
Highness 1 court. 

CANTANKEROUS, adj. (colloquial). 

Cross-grained ; ill-humoured; 

self-willed ; productive of strife. 

See also quot. 1773. [Thought 

.to be derived from the M.E. 



contak, conteke, contention or 
quarrelling.] So also CANTAN- 
KEROUSLY and CANTANKEROUS- 
NESS. For synonyms, see CRUSTY. 

1773. GOLDSMITH, She Stoops to 
Conquer, II. There's not a more bitter 
CANTANKEROUS road in all Christendom. 

1775. SHERIDAN, Rivals, Act v., Sc. 
3. But I hope Mr. Faulkland, as there 
are three of us come on purpose for the 
game, you wont be so CANTANKEROUS as 
to spoil the party by sitting out. 

1876, M. E. BR ADDON, Joshua Hag- 
gard, ch. xvi. And who was to nurse this 
peevish, CANTANKEROUS old man. 

Hence the American verb, TO 
CANTANKERATE, and adjective, 

CANTANKERSOME. 

1835. HALIBURTON (' Sam Slick '), 
The Clockmaker, \ S., ch. xxiv. You may 
[by contentious writing] happify your 
inimies [and] CANTANKERATE your op- 
ponents. Ibid, 3 S., ch. xii. Plato Frisk, 
a jumphV Quaker, a terrible cross-grained 

CANTANKERSOME Critter. 

CANTE. See CANTER. 

CANTEEN MEDAL, subs. phr. (mili- 
tary). A good conduct stripe for 
the consumption of liquor. 

CANTER, subs. (old). A vagrant or 
beggar; one who CANTS (q.v.) 
or uses the secret language 
otherwise called Peddlars' French, 
St. Giles' Greek, etc. The form 
has varied, Greene using CANTE, 
whilst many writers speak of the 
fraternity as the CANTING CREW. 
See Appendix. [From CANT, 
verb, sense i, + ER.] 

1592. GREENE, Quip for Upst. 
Courtiers, Harl, Misc, V., 396. 
I fell into a great laughter, to see certain 
Italianate CANTES, humourous cavaliers, 
youthful gentlemen, etc. 

1625. BEN JONSON, Staple of News, 
Act ii. A rogue, a very CANTER I, sir, 
one that maunds upon the pad. 

1630. TAYLOR, (' Water Poet '), wks. 
II., 239, i. Two leash of oyster-wives 



Canticle. 



Cap. 



hyred a coach on a Thursday after Whit- 
sontide . . . they were so be-madam'd, be- 
mistrist, and ladified by the beggars, that 
the foolish women began to swell with a 
proud supposition or imaginary greatness, 
and gave all their mony to the mendi- 
canting CANTERS. 

1878. CHARLES HINDLEY, Life and 
Times of fames Catnach. ' Song of the 
Young Prig.' My mother she dwelt in 
Dyot's Isle, One of the CANTING CREW, 



CANTICLE, subs. (old). A parish 
clerk. [From CANTICLE, a song 
or psalm ; one of the duties of a 
parish clerk being to lead the 
congregational singing.] So 
given in Grose [1785], and in the 
Lexicon Balatronicum [1811]. 
Also called an AMEN CURLER 



1871. London Figaro, 13 May, p. 3, 
col. 2. ' Bill's dead on for a lark with the 
CANTING bloke/ whispered a lean and 
hungry-looking ' casual ' to a no less half- 
starved neighbour, 

CANTING CREW. See CANTER. 



CAN'T SAY NATIONAL INTELLI- 
GENCER, phr. (American). A eu- 
phemistic expression equivalent 
to 'drunk.' [The National In- 
telligencer is an old Washington 
newspaper.] For synonyms, see 
SCREWED. 

CAN'T SEE A HOLE IN A LADDER, 

phr. (American). Referring to a 
superlative form of intoxication. 
For synonyms, see SCREWED. 



CANTING, verbal subs. (old). The 
jargon used by beggars, thieves, 
gipsies, and vagrants. The same 
as CANT, subs., sense I, which 
seems to be an abbreviated and 
later form of CANTING ; Cf. ' cab ' 
from ' cabriolet ' and ' bus ' from 
'omnibus.' 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 6, 
Their language which they terms ped- 
delers Frenche or CANTING. 

1610. JONSON, Alchemist, \\. Supr. 
What a brave language here is ! next to 
CANTING. 

1688. SHADWELL, Sq. ofAlsatia. I., 
in wks. (1720) IV., 27. A particular 
language which such rogues have made 
to themselves, called CANTING, as beggars, 
gipsies, thieves, and jail-birds do. 

1742. JOHNSON, Highwayman and 
Pyrates,p. 57. All the CANTING language 
(which comprehends a parcel of invented 
words, such as thieves very well know, and 
b\r which they can distinguish one another 
from the other classes of mankind.) 

Ppl. adj. Belonging to the 
jargon of thieves and beggars. 

1592. Groundwork Coney-Catch, 99 
The manner of their CANTING speech [M.) 



CANUCK. See CANACK. 

CANVASS. To RECEIVE THE CAN- 
VASS, phr. (old). A seventeenth 
century colloquialism for ' to be 
dismissed ' ; in modern slang ' to 
get the sack.' See BAG, sense 2, 
and SACK. 

1652. SHIRLEY, The Brothers, Act. ii. 
As much as marriage comes to, and I lose 
My honor, if the Don RECEIVES THE 

CANVAS. 

CANVASSEENS, subs, (nautical). 
Sailors' canvas trousers. For 
synonyms, see BAGS and KICKS. 

CANVASS-TOWN, subs, (general). 
The Volunteer Encampment at 
Wimbledon or Bisley when the 
National Rifle Association meets ; 
also any camp or * baby '-city. 
Cf., BULL'S-EYE VILLAS. 

CAP, suds, (thieves'). i. A false 
cover to a tossing coin, called a 
covER-rowN. The cap showed 
either head or tail as it was left 
on or taken off. Obsolete. 



Cap. 



32 Cape Cod Turkey. 



2. (old). The proceeds of an 
improvised collection. [Cf., 'to 
send round the cap or hat.'] 

1851. EUREKA ; Sequel Ld. Russell's 
Post Bag, 21. What amount of CAP is 
realised out of an average field ? [M.] 

3. (Westminster School). 
The amount of the collection at 
Play and Election dinners. [From 
the College cap being passed 
round on the last night of Play 
for contributions. Cf., 'to send 
round the cap.'] 

Verb (thieves'). I. To stand 
by a friend ; to take part in any 
undertaking ; to lend a hanH. 
Grose has ' to take one's oath.' 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. I will CAP downright ; 1 will 
swear home. 

2. (public schools' and Uni- 
versity). To take off or touch 
one's hat in salutation ; also TO 
CAP 10 and TO CAP IT. 

1593. H. SMITH, Serm. (1871) I., 
203. How would they CAP me were I in 
velvets. [M.] 

1803. Gradus ad Cantabrigiam p. 23. 
s.v. BORE Other bores are to attend a 
sermon at St. Mary's on Sunday ... TO 
CAP a fellow. 

CAP ONE'S LUCKY, verbal phr. 
(American thieves'). To run 
away. For synonyms, see AM- 
PUTATE. 

CAP or CAST ONE'S SKIN, verbal 
phr. (thieves'). To strip naked. 
For synonyms, see PEEL. 

To SET ONE'S CAP AT, phr. 
(colloquial). To set oneself to 
gain the affections. Said only of 



1773. GRAVES, Spiritual Quixote, 
bk. III., ch. xi. I know several young 
ladies who would be very happy in such 
an opportunity of SETTING THEIR CAPS 
AT him. 



1773. O. GOLDSMITH, She Stoops to 
Conquer, Act i., Sc. i. 'Well, if he re- 
fuses .... I'll only break my glass for 
its flattery, SET MY CAP to some newer 
fashion, and look out for some less difficult 
admirer. 

1846. THACKERAY, V. Fair, ch. iii. 
The wily old fellow said to his son, ' Have 
a care, Joe ; that girl is SETTING HER CAP 
AT you.' 

TO CAP A QUOTATION, ANEC- 
DOTE, PROVERB, &c.,phr. (collo- 
quial ). To fit with a second 
from the same, or another, author ; 
to ' go one better ' in the way of 
anecdote or legend. 

1584. PEELE, A rraignm. Paris, iy., 
ii. (1829) 48. Sh'ath CAPT his answer in 
the cue. [M.] 

1856. VAUGHAN, Mystics (1860) I., 
i. v. Now you come to Shakspeare, I 
must CAP your quotation with another. [M .] 

To PULL CAPS, phr. (collo- 
quial). To wrangle in an un- 
seemly way. Said only of 
women. 

1763. COLMAN, Deuce is in Him, I., 
in wks. (1777) IV., 120. A man that half 
the women in town would PULL CAPS for. 

1771. SMOLLETT, Humphry Clinker, 
line 19. At length, they fairly proceeded 
to PULLING CAPS, and everything seemed 
to presage a general battle. 

17(7). WOLCOT, P. Pindar, p. 140. 
Behold our lofty duchesses PULL CAPS, And 
give each other's reputation raps, As freely 
as the drabs of Drury's school. 

1825. SCOTT, St. Konan's Well, ch. 
vii. Well, dearest Rachel, we will not 
PULL CAPS about this man. 



CAPE COD TURKEY, subs. pht. 
(American). A salted cod fish, 
another name for which is 
MARBLE -HEAD TURKEY. C/., 
BILLINGSGATE PHEASANT, YAR- 
MOUTH CAPON, and ALBANY 
BEEF. 

1865. C. NORDHOFF, i May (in 
letter). A salted cod fish is known in 
American ships as a CAPE COD TURKEY. 



Capella. 



33 



Caper. 



1890. New York Herald, 3 June. 
' Newfoundland Fishery Dispute.' Fac- 
tories have bee n established for the pro- 
duction of CAPE COD TURKEYS ; i.e., salted 
cod fish. 



CAPELLA, subs, (theatrical). A 
coat. [From the Italian.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Benja- 
min ; cover-me-decently ; upper 
benjamin (a great coat) ; Joseph ; 
wrap-rascal ; bum-cooler or arse- 
hole-perisher, or shaver (a short 
jacket) ; claw-hammer, swallow- 
tail, steel-pen (all three = a 
dress coat) ; M. B. coat ; panu- 
petaston ; rock-a-low ; reliever ; 
pygostole ; ulster ; monkey- 
jacket. See also CASTER, many 
synonyms of which = a coat. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un 
cache-misere (familiar : specially 
applied to a coat buttoned close 
to the throat to conceal the 
absence of a shirt or the soiled 
state of one's linen) ; un alpague 
(also alpaga and alpag} ; un 
elbeuf; un Berry (a fatigue 
jacket) ; une menuisiere (pop : a 
long coat) ; un ne - te-gene - pas- 
dans-le-parc (a short jacket ; also 
termed un saute-en-barque, un 
pet-en -Fair, and iin inontretouf}. 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Ober- 
hdnger (an overcoat ; also a cloak). 
Wattnusch (Hanoverian: corrup- 
tion from the Hebrew malbusch = 
clothes) ; Schwalbenschweif (a 
dress-coat, a ' swallow-tail '). 

ITALIAN SYNONYM. Tappe 
(clothing in general ; it also 
signifies 'feathers'). 

CAPE-NIGHTINGALE, subs, (colo- 
nial). A frog. CJ., CAMBRIDGE- 
SHIRE NIGHTINGALE. 



1889. H. A. BRYDEN, Kloof and 
Karroo : or Sport, Legend, and Natural 
History in Cape Colony. The very smell 
of the water and the din of the huge frogs, 
CAPE NIGHTINGALES as we call them, 
revived them. 

CAPEOVI, adj. (costers'). Sick; 
SEEDY (q.v. for synonyms). Cf., 
CAPIVI. 

CAPER, suds, (vagrants'). A device, 
idea, performance, or occupation. 
Americans use it in the same 
sense as RACKET (q.v.}, e.g., the 
'real estate racket' or 'CAPER.' 
[From the figurative sense of 
CAPER, signifying a fantastic pro- 
ceeding, freak, or prank.] Also 
used in the sense of ' the go,' 
'the fad,' i.e., the latest fashion- 
able fancy. 

1867. London Herald, 23 March, p. 
221. ' He'll get five years penal for this 
little CAPER,' said the policeman. 

1870. C. HINDLEY, Life and Adven- 
tures of a Cheap Jack, p. 220. Charley 
would reply . . . ' I have just done such 
and such an amount to-day with these 
people,' at the same time showing the 
invoice of the goods he had just purchased 
at the house where he got change for his 
fifty sovereigns. The conversation, as a 
rule, ended in Charley's giving them an 
order too. Of course, this little CAPEK 
would only ' wash ' once. 

1884. J. GREENWOOD, The Little 
Ragamuffins. ' Are you goin' a ' tottin' ? ' 
' No,' . . . ' Then what CAPER are you up 
to?' 

TO CUT A CAPER UPON NO- 
THING, Or TO CUT CAPER SAUCE, 

phr. (old). To be hanged. For 
synonyms, see LADDER. 

170 s . MOTTEUX, Rabelais. IV. xvi. 
Two of the honestest Gentlemen in Catch- 
poie-iand nad been made to CUT A CAPER 

ON NOTHING. 

1834. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood, 
bk. III., ch. v. And my father, as I've 
heard say, Was a merchant of CAPERS gay, 
Who CUT HIS LAST FLING with great 
applause. 

3 



Caper Juice. 



34 Capper-Clawing. 



CAPER-JUICE, subs. (American). 
Whiskey. [From CAPER, a freak 
or antic + JUICE.] For syno- 
nyms, see DRINKS. 

1888. Portland Transcript, 29 Feb. 
Say, fellers, let's take a leetle mo' uv the 
CAPER JUICE. [They drink again. Sam 
and the girl exchange affectionate 
glances.] 

CAPER-MERCHANT, subs. (old). A 
dancing master. [From CAPER, 
a frolicsome leap or step, + 
MERCHANT.] Also called a HOP- 
MERCHANT (q.v. for synonyms). 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. [Quoted as above.] 

CAPITAL, To WORK CAPITAL, verbal 
phr. (old). To commit an 
offence punishable with death. 

1878. CHARLES HINDLEY, Life and 
Times of James Catnach. And though 
I don't WORK CAPITAL, And do not weigh 
my weight, sirs, Who knows but that in 
time I shall. 

CAPIVI or CAPIVVY (vulgar). Bal- 
sam copaiba, a popular remedy for 
clap. 

To CRY CAPIVVY (sporting). 
To be persecuted to the death, 
or very near it. In Handley Cross 
[1843] Mr - Jorrocks promises to 
make the foxes CRY CAPIVVY. 

CAPON, subs, (popular). Primarily, 
a red herring; but applied to 
other kinds of fish, herrings now 
receiving the distinctive cognomen 
of YARMOUTH CAPONS. The 
usage is a very old one, and it is 
notable that GLASGOW MAGIS- 
TRATE, another name for a red 
herring, was formerly GLASGOW 

CAPON. 

c. 1640. J. SMYTH, Hundred of 
Berkeley (1885), 319. The Sole wee call 
our Seuverne CAPON. [M.] 

1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew. 
YxkMOUTH CAPON a Red Herring. 



1719. RAMSEY, Hamilton, II., iii. A 
GLASGOW CAPON and a fadge ye thought a 
feast. [M.] 

1812. W. TENNANT, Anster F., iv. 
Each to his jaws A good Crail's CAPON 
holds [note 'a dried haddock ']. [M.] 



CAPPADOCHIO, CAPERDOCHY, or 
CAPERDEWSIE, subs. (old). 
Nares says 'a cant term for a 
prison.' [The same authority sug- 
gests that it is a corruption of 
Cappadocia : * The king of Cap- 
padocia, says Horace, was rich 
in slaves, but had little money.'] 
For synonyms, see CAGE. 

1600. HEYWOOD, I. Ediv. IV. My 
son's in Dybell here, in CAPERDOCHY, i' 
the gaol. 

1607. W. S., Puritan, in Supp. 
Shaks., II., 510 (N.). How captain Idle? 
my old aunt's son, my dear kinsman, in 
CAPPADOCHIO? 

1663. BUTLER, Hudibras, I.,ii., 832. 
I here engage myself to loose ye, and free 
your heels from CAPERDEWSIE. 

CAPPER, subs. (American thieves'). 
i. A confederate ; at cards 
one who makes false bids in order 
to encourage a genuine player. 
[See CAP, vetb, sense i.] 

1871. DE VERE, Americanisms, 
p. 319. In the West a striker is not only 
a shoulder-hitter, as might be suspected, 
but a lunner for gambling establishments, 
who must be as ready to strike down a 
complaining victim as to ensnare an un- 
suspecting stranger . . . CAPPERS they 
are called, when the game is the famous 
Three-Card Monte. 

1881. New York Slang Dictionary. 
Gamblers are called knights of the green 
cloth, and their lieutenants, who are sent 
out after greenhorns, are called decoys, 
CAPPERS, and steerers. 

2. (auctioneers'). A dummy 
bidder whose function is either to 
start the bidding or to run up the 
price of articles for sale. 

CAPPER-CLAWING. See CLAPPER- 
CLAWING. 



Captain. 



35 



Captain Sharp. 



CAPTAIN, subs, (general). i. A 
familiar and jesting form of ad- 
dress. An equivalent of ' gover- 
nor,' 'boss,' etc. Very common 
in U.S.A., where also it signifies 
the conductor or guard of a train 
an analogy being drawn 
between the phraseology of rail 
and water traffic, (see quot. 1862). 

1598. SHAKSPEARE King Henry IV. 
pt. 2, Act ii., Sc. 4. Doll Tearsheet. A 
CAPTAIN ! God's light, these villains will 
make the word as odious as the word 
' occupy.' 

1862. Ru SSEL.L, Diary, North and S., 
I., xiii., 139. All the people who addressed 
me byname prefixed ' Major ' or ' Colonel.' 
'CAPTAIN' is very low. . . . The conductor 
who took our tickets was called ' CAP- 
TAIN.' [M.] 

2. (old). A gaming or bawdy 
house bully. Cf., Fielding's 
Captain Bilkum in Covent Garden 
Tragedy. Fr. un major de table 
d'hdte. 

1731. Daily Journal, Jan. 9. ' List 
of the officers established in the most 
notorious gaming-houses.' i2th. A CAP- 
TAIN, who is to fight any gentleman who 
is peevish for losing his money. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary ($ ed.). 
CAPTAIN (s.) . . . and in the Cant Phrase, 
a CAPTAIN is a bully, who is to quarrel 
or fight with peevish gamesters, who are 
testy or quarrelsome at the loss of their 
money ; and sometimes it signifies money 
itself, as, ' the CAPTAIN is not at home,' 
that is, there is no money in my pocket. 

[CAPTAIN is also a fancy title for a 
highwayman in a good way of business ; 
Fletcher uses the term COPPER-CAPTAIN, 
as also does Washington Irving, for one 
who has no right to the title, and, in 
modern athletics, we have the CAPTAIN of 
a club or crew, with the corresponding 
verb TO CAPTAIN.] 

3. (old). Money. See pre- 
ceding quot. [1748]. 

4. (knackers'). A glandered 
(horse). 

CAPTAIN ARMSTRONG. To COME 
CAPTAIN ARMSTRONG,//^, (turf) 



To ' pull ' a horse and thus 
prevent him from winning. 
CAPTAIN ARMSTRONG is often 
used for a dishonest jockey. [A 
play upon words, i.e., f to pull 
with a strong arm.'] 

1864. Sporting Life, 5 Nov. (Leader). 
CAPTAIN ARMSTRONG is again abroad, 
muscular and powerful, riding his favourite 
hobby in the steeple-chase field, preparing 
thus early in the season for pulling, stopp- 
ing, and putting the strings on. 

CAPTAIN COPPERTHORN'S CREW. 
subs. phr. (old). All officers 
Said of a company where every- 
one wants to be first. 

CAPTAIN CORK, subs. phr. (mili- 
tary). A nickname for a man 
who is slow in passing the bottle. 

CAPTAIN CRANK, subs. phr. (old). 
The chief of a gang of high way - 



CAPTAIN GRAND, subs. phr. (old). 
A haughty, blustering fellow. 
For synonyms, see FURIOSO. 

CAPTAIN HACKUM, subs. phr. (old). 
A hectoring bully. Grose. 

CAPTAIN LIEUTENANT, subs. phr. 
(old). Meat neither young 
enough for veal, nor old enough 
for beef. [The simile is drawn 
from the brevet officer who, while 
ranking as captain, receives lieu- 
tenant's pay.] Grose. 

CAPTAIN QUEERNABS, subs. phr. 
(old). A shabby or ill-dressed 
man. For synonyms, see GUY. 

CAPTAIN Quiz, subs. phr. (old). 
A mocker. 

CAPTAIN SHARP, subs. phr. (old). 
A cheating bully, or one in a set 



Captain Tom. 



Card. 



of gamblers, whose office it is to 
bully the ' pigeon,' who refuses 
to pay. Grose. Cf., CAPTAIN, 
sense 2. 

CAPTAIN TOM, subs. phr. (old). 
The head or leader of a mob ; also 
the mob itself. Grose. 

CARAVAN, stibs. (old). i. A dupe; 
gull ; a subject of plunder. See 
BUBBLE. 

1676. ETHEREGE, Man of Mode, III., 
in., in wks. (1704), 233. What spruce prig 
is that? A CARAVAN, lately come from 
Paris. 

1688. SHADWELL, Sg. of Alsatia. 
[In list of cant words prefixed to.] CARA- 
VAN : a bubble, the cheated. 

1889. G. L. APPERSON, in Gentleman s 
Magazine ('Seventeenth Century Collo- 
quialisms'), p. 598. Towards the end of 
the century a person easily gulled, or 
' bubbled ' was known as a CARAVAN, but 
earlier the term 'rook' which is now 
restricted to a cheat or sharper, appears to 
have been applied to the person cheated. 

2. (old). A large sum of 
money. 

1690 B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew. 
CARAVAN : a good round sum of money 
about a man, and him that is cheated of it. 

3. (pugilistic). A railway 
train, especially a train expressly 
chartered to convey people to a 
prize fight. [Early in the present 
century CARAVAN, now shortened 
to 'van,' was applied to a third 
class covered railway carriage ; 
now a pleasure party is so des- 
cribed ; also a gypsy's cart ; also 
the wheeled cages of a travelling 
menagerie.] 

CARAVANSERA, subs, (pugilistic). 
A railway station. As thus : 
' The scratch must be toed at 
sharp five, so the caravan will 
start at four from the CARAVAN - 
SERA.' Hotten. See CARAVAN, 
e 3. 



CARD, subs, (common). i. A 
device ; expedient ; or under- 
taking ; that which is likely to 
attain its object, or through 
which success is sure. Thus we 
have such expressions as a ' good 
CARD,' a 'strong CARD,' a 'safe 
CARD,' a ' likely, or a doubtful 
CARD.' [Figurative; from card 
playing.] THAT'S A SURE CARD 
sounds modern, but as Lowell 
has pointed out it is to be found 
in the old interlude of ' 1'hursytes ' 
(1537). 

1690. B. E., Die. Cant. Crew. A 
SURE CARD, a trusty Tool, or Confiding 
Man. 

1763. FR. BROOKE, Lady J. Mande 
ville, in Barbauld Brit. Novelists (1820) 
xxvii., 23. Poor fellow ! I pity him ; but 
marriage is his only CARD. [M.] 

1826. SCOTT, Woodstock, III., xiv., 
358. No CARD seemed to turn up favour- 
able to the royal cause. 

2. A character ; an odd fish ; 
an eccentric ; generally coupled 
with such adjectives as ' know- 
ing,' 'old,' 'queer,' 'downy,' 
'rum, 'etc. [Apparently derived 
from the caid-table, such expres- 
sions as a ' sure card,' a ' sound 
card,' being of very ancient use. 
Osric tells Hamlet that Laertes is 
the CARD and calendar of gentry. 
(Hamlet, v., 2.)] 

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, 264. 
Mr. Thomas Potter, whose great aim it 
was to be considered as a knowing CARD. 

1852. DICKENS, Bleak House, ch. xx., 
p. 173. ' Such an old CARD as this ; so 
deep, so sly, and secret.' 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. ii. Frank Hardingstone was, 
to use their favourite word, 'a great CARD ' 
amongst all the associates of his age and 
standing. 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. xii. A quaint boy at Eton, 
cool hand at Oxford, a deep CARD in the 
regiment, man or woman never yet had 
the best of ' Uppy.' 



Card. 



37 



Cardinal. 



1864. DICKENS, Our Mutual friend. 
bk. III., ch. i. ' You're one of the Patri- 
archs ; you're a shaky old CARD ; and you 
can't be in love with this Lizzie.' 

3. (common). The 'ticket ' ; 
the ' figure '; the correct thing. 
[Possibly from the K'RECT CARD 
{q.v. ) of racing.] 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, II., p. 47. I've got IDS. 
often for a great coat, and higher and 
lower, oftener lower in course ; but los. is 
about the CARD for a good thing. 

Verb. Also CARDING, subs. 
(Irish Nationalist). A peculiar 
form of torture, which consists in 
the application of the card, a 
spiked or toothed implement used 
in the preparation of flax and 
wool, to the naked shoulders, 
&c. , and is commonly reserved for 
' unpatriotic ' girls and women. 

1889. The Scots Observer. 'They 
never told the ramping crowd to CARD a 
woman's hide.' 

TO GIVE ONE CARDS, phr. 

(American). To give one an ad- 
vantage. The English equiva- 
lent, ' to give points,' is derived 
from the billiard saloon. An 
analogous French phrase is faire 
un bceuf. 

18S8. Grip (Toronto), May. You 
know that Artie found a Chinaman out 
in 'Frisco who could GIVE HIM CARDS and 
spades and beat him out. 

ON THE CARDS, phr. (com- 
mon). Within the range of pro- 
bability. [Dickens popularised 
the expression, which appears to 
mean ' possible to turn up,' as 
anything in the game when the 
cards are turned up. Still, it is 
not unlikely that the phrase 
originated with cartomancy, at a 
time when cards were frequently 
consulted as to the issue of enter- 
prises.] SeeN. and Q., 7 s. iv., 
507 ; v. 14, 77, 495. 



1749. SMOLLETT, Translation of il 
Bias. I showed them tricks which they 
did not know to be ON THE CARDS, and 
yet acknowledged to be better than their 
own. 

1813. SIR R. WILSON, Diary, II., 40. 
It is not OUT OK THE CARDS that we might 
do more. \M.] 

1849. DICKENS, David Cppperfield, 
I., p. 219. By wav of going in for any- 
thing that might be ON THE CARDS, 
petition to the House of Commons, etc. 

1868. W. COLLINS, Moonstone, I., 
p. 149. It's quite ON THE CARDS, sir, that 
you have put the clue into our hands. 

1874. Saturday Review, April, p. 488. 
When they discovered that a Restoration 
was not at present ON THE CARDS, they 
became Conservatives. 

1890. H. D. TRAILL, A Bulgarian 
Appeal. 'Saturday Songs,' p. 43. I'll 
be shot if I do, though it's equally true 
That it's quite ON THE CARDS I'll be shot 
if 1 don't. 

To PACK, STOCK, or PUT UP, 
THE CARDS, phr. (Western Ameri- 
can). To prepare cards for cheat- 
ing purposes. See CONCAVES, 
PACK, and STOCK BROADS. 

TO SPEAK BY THE CARD, phr. 

(general). To speak with pre- 
cision ; or with the utmost accu- 
racy. [An allusion to the card of 
the mariner's compass.] 

1596. SHAKSPEARE, Hamlet, v., i, 
149. We must SPEAK BY THE CARD, or 
equivocation will undo us. 

1867. YATES, Forlorn Hope, i., p. 23. 
'Are you SPEAKING BY THE CARD?' said 
Count Bulow, with the slightest foreign 
accent. 

1879. TROLLOPE, Thackeray [in 
' English men of Letters ' series], p. 186. 
Hemy Esmond . . . however, is not made 
to SPEAK altogether BY THE CARD, or he 
would be unnatural. 



CARDINAL, subs. (old). i. A red 
cloak worn by ladits circa 1740 
and later. [From the colour and 
shape which suggested a cardinal's 
vestment.] 



Care. 



Cargo. 



1755. Connoisseur, No. 62. That 
fashionable cloak . . . which indeed is 
with great propriety styled the CARDINAL. 

1755. The World, No. 127. I have 
made no objection to their (the ladies) 
wearing the CARDINAL, though it be a habit 
of popish etymology, and was, I am 
afraid, first invented to hide the sluttish- 
ness of French dishabille. 

1881. BESANT AND RICE, Chap, of 
the Fleet, pt. i, ch. iv. In the windows of 
which were hoods, CARDINALS, sashes, 
pinners, and shawls. 

2. (general). Mulled red 
wine. 

1861. HUGHES, Tom Brown at Ox- 
ford, ch. xv. He goes up, and finds the 
remains of the supper, Tankards full of 
egg-flip and CARDINAL, and a party playing 
at vingt-un. 

3. in plural (street). Shoe- 
blacks. [In allusion to the red 
tunics of some London brigades. 
That stationed in the City is now 
better known as the CITY REDS.] 

1889. T. MACK AY [on ' Shoeblacks '], 
in Time, Aug., p. 132. From that hour 
the Shoeblack Brigade has been firmly 
established in London . . . costermongers 
called them CARDINALS. 

4. (American). A lobster; 
from its colour when cooked. 
Jules Janin once made a curious 
blunder and called the lobster le 
cardinal de la mer. CARDINAL 
HASH = a lobster salad. 

5. (common). A new [1890] 
variety of red. 



CARE. NOT TO CARE or BE WORTH 

A [FIG, PIN, RAP, BUTTON, CENT, 
STRAW, RUSH, or HANG, etc.], 
phr. (colloquial). Similes of in- 
difference ; to care about a matter 
not even so much as to the value 
of a fig, a pin, or a straw. Fr. 
s'en battre Fail. See NOT WORTH 
A FIG. 

1590. SPENSER, Fairie Queene, I., ii., 
12. He ... CARED NOT for God or man 
A POINT. [M.] 



1633. MARMYON, Fine Compan., II., 
i., 68. I do not CARE A PIN for her. [M.] 

1709. STEELE, Tatler, No. 50. I do 

not CARE A FARTHING for you. [M.] 

1760. GOLDSMITH, Citizen of the 
World, xlvi. Not that I CARE 'THREE 
DAMNS what figure I may cut. 

1833. MARRYAT, Peter Simple, ed. 
1846, vol. I., ch. iii., p. 13. You told him 
you did not CARE A FIG for him. 

1848-62. J. R. LOWELL, Biglow 
Papers. ' Don't fire,' sez Joe, ' it ain't no 
use, Thet Deacon Peleg's tame wi I- 'goose ' ; 
Seys Isrel, ' I don't CARE A CENT, I've 
sighted an' I'll let her went.' 

1871. London Figaro, May 13, p. 4, 
col. 2. Coster Ballads, 'Found Drowned.' 
' Well, sir, to cut it short, she 'ad the 
chap 'Twos cruel 'ard on me I don't 
believe he CARED for 'er A RAP, But so it 
wos, yer see.' 

1889. Answers, June 22, p. 40, col. i. 
' Is it for sale ? ' demanded the visitor, ex- 
citedly. ' If it is I want it. I don't CAKE 
A SNAP what it costs.' 

I DON'T CARE IF I DO, phr. 
(American). A street phrase, 
meaning nothing in particular. 
Also a form of accepting an invi- 
tation to drink : ' Will you peg ? ' 
' I DON'T CARE IF i DO.' 

1888. New York Tribune. Volapuk 
will never be popular in Kentucky. It 
contains no sentence to take the place of 
that classic phrase, I DON'T CARE IF I no. 

CARE-GRINDER, subs, (thieves'). 
More usually the VERTICAL CARE- 
GRINDER. See quot. For syn- 
onyms, see WHEEL OF LIFE. 

1883. Echo, Jan. 25, p. 2, col 4. The 
treadmill again, is more politely called 
... the wheel of life, or the VERTICAL- 

CARE-GRINDER. 

CARGO, subs. (Winchester College). 
A hamper from home. The 
word is still in use. 

1870. MANSFIELD, School Life at 
Winchester College, p. 77. The boys, 
eager for breakfast, tumultuously rushed 
out from school-court ... to see if Poole, 



Carler. 



39 



Car oon. 



the porter, had letters, or, what was even 
more delightful, a CARGO (a hamper of 
game or eatables from home). 

1883. Every-day Life in our Public 
Schools. Scholars may supplement their 
fare with jam, potted meats . . . or, better 
still, from the contents of CARGOES, i.e., 
hampers from home. 

CARLER, subs. (New York thieves'). 
A clerk. For synonyms, see 
QUILL-DRIVER. 

CARLICUES. See CURLYCUES. 

CARNEY or CARNY, subs, (collo- 
quial). Soothing and seductive 
flattery ; language covering a 
design. [The origin is unknown, 
though some have conjectured the 
word to be of Irish derivation. 
As a verb it first appears as a 
dialecticism, and is now mostly 
in use as a///, adj. CARNEYING 
(q.v.). The word, however, 
seems to be fast making its way 
into respectable usage, and is 
even now largely in literary use.] 

Verb, tr. and intrans. To 
wheedle ; coax or insinuate one- 
self ; to act in a cajoleing manner. 
See CARNEYING. 

CARNEYING,///. adj. (common). 
In a wheedling, coaxing, or in- 
sinuating manner. Cf. , CARNEY. 

1851-61. H.MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor,vo\. II., p. 566. When I 
tried to turn 'em off they'd say, in a 
CARNYING way, ' Oh, let us stay on,' so I 
never took no heed of 'em. 

1869. II. J. BYRON, Not such a Fool 
as He Looks [French's Acting ed.], p, 12. 
Sharp old skinflint, downy old robber as he 
is, he's under Jane Mould's thumb, and 
well he knows it. (In CARNEYING voice) 
With many thanks, sir, for your kind at- 
tention to my^case. 

1871. Daily Telegraph, 15 May, 
' Critique on Mr. H. J. Byron's Play of 
An English Gentleman? Rachel does 
not like Brandon's CARNEYING ways. 



1884. R. L. STEVENSON in Eng. 
Illustr. Mag., Feb., p. 305. The female 
dog, that mass of CARNEYING affectations. 

1885. CLEMENT SCOTT, in ///. Lon. 
News, 3 Oct., p. 339, 2. The change from 
the CARNEYING, wheedling sneak to the 
cowardly bully, is extremely clever. 

GARNISH, stris. (thieves'). Meat. 
[From the Italian came, flesh, 
through the Lingua Franca. 
Came, in French argot, signifies 
tottgh meat.] 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. La crie, 
crigne, or crignolle (thieves' : 
Old Cant ; Greek, fcpj'ae ; Four- 
besque, crea, creata, creatura, 
criulfa ; Germania, crioja)', la 
criolle (thieves') ; la niorte 
(thieves') ; la barbaque or bidoche 
(popular) ; le cholera (popular 
bad meat) ; le mastic (= bread or 
meat). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Kcirner 
(this is the same as GARNISH and 
comes from the Italian carne ; 
Karnerfetzer = a butcher). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Bronco 
(specially applied to beef) ; sta* 
vigna ; crea (see remarks under 
crie in French synonyms). 

CARNISH-KEN, subs, (thieves'). A 
thieves' eating house, or prog- 
shop. [From GARNISH, meat, 
through the Italian carne, + 
KEN, a house or dwelling.] A 
French equivalent for the pro- 
prietor of such a place is unfripier^ 
a term which also means a cook, 
a ' dripping ' or old clothes' man. 

CARNY. See CARNEY. 

CAROON, subs, (costermongers'). 
A five shilling piece. [Hotten and 
Barrere trace it to the French 
couronne, Spanish and Italian 



Carpet. 



40 



Carpet-Bagger. 



corona ; it is in all probability a 
mispronunciation of the English 
word ' crown. '] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Bull, 
or bull's-eye ; cartwheel, coach- 
wheel, or simply wheel ; tushe- 
roon ; dollar ; thick 'un (obsolete, 
the term being now applied to a 
sovereign) ; case ; caser ; decus. 

The nearest French equivalent, 
a five franc piece, is called tin 
rotie de detriere (literally ' a hind 
wheel,' and corresponding pretty 
closely to the English WHEEL, 
CARTWHEEL, and COACHWHEEL) ; 
un bouton de guetre ; un blafard 
de cinq balles ; une drill e or 
dringue ; une croix (the old six 
franc piece, in allusion to the 
cross inscribed on it) ; tim chatte 
(a piece of six francs : very old ; 
and formerly prostitutes') ; une 
medaille or medaille de St. Hubert 
(popular) ; un nionarque (popu- 
lar) ; un ceil de bceuf( an ox's 
eye) ; tin noble etran^ere (literary : 
= a distinguished stranger). 

1859. G. W. MATSELL, Vocabulunr, 
or the Rogue's Lexicon. Kersey-mere 
kicksies, any colour, built very slap with 
the artful dodge, from three CAROON. 

CARPET, verb (colloquial). To 
reprimand. Equivalents are to 
* call over the coals,' to ' give a 
wigging' or 'earwigging,' etc. 
The phrase sometimes runs ' TO 

WALK THE CARPET.' So also 
CARPETING : for synonym=, see 
WIG. 

1823. GALT, Entail, III., xxix., 278. 
Making .... her servants WALK THE 
CARPET. [M.] 

1840. H. COCKTON, Valentine Vox, 
xli. They had done nothing ! Why were 
they CARPETED? 

1871. Chester Chronicle, n Feb. 
1 Report of Affiliation Case at Hawarden 
Petty Sessions,' [The plaintiff, Louisa 
JacVon, said] neither did Lunt, the page, 



say that night if her master knew of her 
coming home in that state she would be 

CARPETED for it. 

1877. HAWI.EY SMART, Bound to 
Win, ch. xxx. There is no hurry ; but, 
before the race, I think Mr. Luxmoore will 
have to CARPET Sam. 

TO BRING ON THE CARPET. 
To bring up or forward. A slang 
rendering of mettre sur le tapis. 

CARPET-BAG, subs, used attribu- 
tively as adj. (American). See 
CARPET-BAGGER for explanation 
of such phrases as CARPET-BAG 
rule, CARPET-BAG adventurers, 
CARPET-BAG government, etc. 

1872. New York Herald, 22 Aug. 
Hundreds of millions have been taken from 
the pockets of the people since the beginn- 
ing of the war by dishonest contractors, 
unjust claimants, county robbers, and city 
plunderers, and CARPET-BAG State 
Governments. Ibid. The Tammany 
robberies, although trifling in comparison 
with the old revenue robberies, and the 
present wholesale plunder of the CARPET- 
BAG Governments in the South, etc. 

1888. Chicago Record. The head of 
the ticket is one of the most vulnerable 
men who figured in Southern politics in 
the CARPET-BAG era. No man of that 
period left a blacker record. 

CARPET-BAGGER, subs. (American 
political). A political adven- 
turer. [After the Civil War, 
numbers of Northerners went 
South. Honest or not, they 
we e looked upon with suspicion 
by the Southerners, and, as they 
were generally Republican in 
politics andjoined with the freed- 
men at the pells, the nickname 
CARPET-BAGGER came to have, 
and still retains, a political signifi- 
cance. It was unjustly applied 
to many well-meaning men, but 
at the same time it fitted the 
horde of corrupt adventurers who 
infested the South, and whose 
only ' property qualification ' was 
contained in the carpet bag with 



Carpet- Bag Recruit. 41 



Carrots. 



which they had arrived from the 
North. Originally, however, a 
CARPET-BAGGER was a ' wild-cat 
banker * out West : a banker, 
that is, who had no local abiding 
place, his worldly possessions 
being contained in a carpet bag.] 
Applied to politics the term has 
become of general application. 
C/., SCALAWAG. 

1868. Daily News, Sept. 18. All 
CARPET-BAGGERS and ' scalawags ' aie 
whites. The CARPET-BAGGERS are irnm - 
grants from the North who have throw n 
themselves into local politics, and through 
their influence with the negroes obtained 
office. 

1871. New York Post, , April. 'The 
general drift of public sentiment is, that 
the CARPET-BAGGERS, scalawags, ex- 
slaves, ex-slaveholders, rebels recon- 
structed, rebels unreconstructed, and 
Southern loyalists should be left, for a 
brief period at least, to fight out their 
own battles, in their own way ; and that 
if the nation is ever again to become a 
party to their quarrels, it shall be on no 
slight pretext and for no trivial purpose.' 

1877. Temple Bar, May, p. 107. At 
the same moment a swarm of adventurers 
settled in the conquered states, and became 
governors, judges, tax-collectors, and so 
on. These are the CARPET-BAGGERS of 
history. They came with two shirts, got 
salaries of (on an average) four thousand 
dollars per annum, and made fortunes of a 
million in four years ! 

CARPET-BAG RECRUIT, subs. phr. 
(military). A recruit of better 
than the ordinary standing ; one 
with more than he stands upright 



CARPET-SWAB, subs, (common). 
A carpet-bag. 

1837. BARHAM, I.L. (Misadv. at 
Margate). A little gallows-looking chap 
dear me ! what could he mean ? With a 
CARPET-SWAB and mucking togs, and a 
hat turned up with green. 

CARRIER, subs. (old). See quot., 
and Cf., CARRIER-PIGEON. 



1725. New Cant. Diet. CARRIERS : 
a sett of Rogues . . . employ'd to look out, 
and watch upon the Roads, at Inn-;, etc., 
in order to carry Information to their 
respective Gangs, of a booty in Prospect. 

CARRIER-PIGEON, subs. (old). i. 
A cheat especially one who 
victimised lottery office keepers. 
Cf., CARRIER. 

1781. G.PARKER, View of Society, 
II., 64 [named and described in]. 

17 '5. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. CARRIER PIGEONS ; sharpers 
who attend the drawing of the lottery in 
Guildhall, and as soon as a number or 
two are drawn, write them on a card, and 
run with them to a confederate, who is 
waiting near at hand, ready mounted ; 
with these numbers he rides full speed to 
some distant insurance office before fixed on, 
where there is another of the gang, com- 
monly a decent-looking woman, who takes 
care to be at the office before the hour of 
drawing ; to her he secretly gives the 
number, which she insures for a considerable 
sum, thus biting the biter. 

2. (racing). One that runs 
from place to place with * com- 
mi^sions ' ; a kind of tout. 

CARRION, subs, (venery). I. A 
prostitute. For synonyms, see 
BARRACK-HACK and TART. 

2. (common). The human 
body ; formerly a corpse. 

CARRION CASE, subs, (common). 
A shirt or chemise. [From 
CARRION, the human body, 4- 
CASE, a covering.] For synonyms, 
see FLESH BAG. 

CARRION HUNTER, suds. (old). An 
undertaker. [CARRION was 
formerly general to signify a 
corpse]. For synonyms, see COLD 
COOK. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vulgar 
Tongue. CARRION HUNTER: an under- 
taker, etc. 

CARROTS, subs, (popular). Red 
hair. Used attributively, and 
also as a proper name. The 



Carry Boodle. 



42 



Carry Me Out. 



adjectival form is CARROTTY. 
An analogous colloquialism is 
GINGER-HACKLED, which see for 
synonyms. 

1685. S. WESLEY, Maggots, 57. The 
Ancients . . . Pure CARROTS call'd pure 
threads of beaten gold. [M.] 

1690. B. E.. Diet. Cant. Crew. 
CARROTS : Red hair'd People. 

1703. T. BAKER, Tunbridge Walks, 
quoted in Ashton's Social Life in Reign of 
Q. Anne, I., 129. Jenny Trapes ! What 
that CARROT-pated Jade. 

1748. SMOLLETT, Rod, Random, ch. 
xiv. Not to appear before Mr. Cringer 
till I had parted with my CARROTY locks. 

1848. THACKERAY, Book of Snobs, 
ch. vii. ' Blanche, with her radish of a 
nose, and her CARROTS of ringle s.' 

1855. Neivcomes, ch. xxii. ' Tom is 
here with a fine CARROTY beard. 

1864. MARK LEMON, Jest Book, p. 
205. CARROTS CLASSICALLY CONSIDERED. 
Why scorn red hair ? The Greeks, we know 
(I note it here in charity) Had taste in 
beauty, and with them The graces were all 
Xapircu. 

1882. Daily Telegraph, Oct. 6, p. 2, 
col. i. The two elder of the party were 
a boy and a girl of unmistakably Irish 
parentage, and with unkempt and 
CARROTTY heads of hair. 

TAKE A CARROT ! (common). 
A vulgar insult ; equivalent to 
calling one a fool, or telling one 
to ' go to hell.' The phrase was 
originally obscene [Cf., Et ta 
sceur ! aime-t-elle les rails ?~\ and 
applied to women only. 

CARRY BOODLE, verbal phr. (Ameri- 
can). See BOODLE. 

CARRY COALS, verbal phr. (obso- 
lete). To put up with insults ; to 
endure an affront or injury. 

1593. G. HARVEY, Pierces Supererog., 
in wks. II., 32. Because Silence may 
seeme suspicious to many : Patience con- 
temptible to some ... a knowne forbearer 
of Libellers, a continuall BEARER OF 
COALES. 



1595. SHAKSPEARE, Romeo and Juliet 
i., i. Gregory o' my word, we'll not 

CARRY COALS. 

1638. H. SHIRLEY, Martyr 1 dSouldier, 
Act ii., Sc. i. Hub. I can CARRY anything 
but Blowes, COLES, my Drink, and the 
tongue of a Scould. 

CARRY Co *n,rerbalphr. (common). 
To bear success well and 
equably. It is said cf a man who 
breaks down under a sudden 
access of wealth as successful 
racing men and unexpecte I 
legatees often do or who 
becomes affected and intolerant, 
that ' he doesn't CARRY CORN 
well.' 

CARRYINGS ON, subs. phr. (collo- 
quial). Frolicsome or question- 
able proceedings ; a course of 
conduct that attracts attention. 
See CARRY ON. 

1663. BUTLER, Hudibras, I., ii., 556. 
Is this the end to which these CARRYINGS 
ON did tend ? 

1859. SALA, Gaslight and Daylight, 
ch. xxi. Many have heard her stern 
demands for rent, and her shrill denun- 
ciation of the CARRYINGS ON of her tenants. 

1876. M. S. BRADDON, Joshua 
Haggard, ch., iv. 'And what about the 
rest of the time when he wasn't with you ? 
Fine CARRYINGS ON indeed for a grocer's 
daughter ! ' 

CARRY-KNAVE, subs. (old). A com- 
mon prostitute. For synonyms, 
see BARRACK-HACK and TART. 

1630. Taylors Workes. And I doe 
wish with all my heart that the super- 
flous number of all our hyreling hackney 
CARRY-KNAVES, and hurry-whores, with 
their makers and maintainers were there. 



CARRY ME OUT AND BURY ME 
DECENTLY, phr. (general). An 
exclamation or objurgation gene- 
rally called forth by an incre- 
dible story, or by something dis- 
pleasing to the auditor ; varied 
by 'LET ME DIE!' 'GOOD 



Cany on. 



43 



Cart. 



NIGHT ! ' etc., as also by ' CARRY 

ME HOME!' 'CARRY ME UP- 
STAIRS !' 'CARRY ME OUT AND 

LEAVE ME IN THE GUTTER ! ' 

A writer in Notes and Queries 
[2 S., iii., 387] states it to have 
been in use circa 1780. [The 
origin is obscure, but some derive 
it from the Nunc dimittis (Luke 
ii. 29).] 

1857. Notes and Queries, 16 May, 
p. 387, col. 2. CARRY ME OUT AND BURY 
ME DECENTLY. Do any of your corres- 
pondents recollect to have heard this 
phrase ? 

1861. HUGHES, Tom Brown at 
Oxford, ch. xlv. And so the president 
comes out to see the St. Ambrose boat row ? 
Seldom misses two nights running. Then 
'CARRY ME OUT, AND BURY ME DECENTLY 1 
. . Don't be afraid. I am ready for any- 
thing you like to tell me. 

1864. The Reader, Nov. 12. Mr. 
Hotten has CARKY ME OUT. Well the 
equivalent ' Federal ' is ' D'you tell ? ' 

CARRY ON, verbal phr. (colloquial). 
To make oneself conspicuous by 
a certain line of behaviour ; to 
conduct oneself wildly or reck- 
lessly ; to joke or frolic ; als > in 
a special sense applied to open 
flirtation on the part of both 
sexes. 

French equivalents are ca- 
narder (based on canard a 
' take in,' an extravagant or 
absurd story) ; faire du jardin 
(popular). 

1856. WHYTE MELVILLE, Kate. 
Coventry, ch. iii. With lynx-eyes she 
notes how Lady Carmine's eldest girl is 
CARRYING ON with young Thriftless. 

1876. BESANT AND RICE, Golden 
Butterfly, ch. xxxv. ' She and 1 CARRIED 
ON for a whole season. People talked. 

1884. M. TWAIN, Huckleberry Finn, 
ch. xxii., 222. And all the time that clown 
CARRIED ON so it most killed the people. 

CARRY ONE'S REAL ESTATE 
ABOUT ONE, verbal phr. (Ameri- 



can). To neglect the finger 
nails till they show a black 
rim ; to go so unwashed as to 
display a considerable amount 
of what Palmerston called 
' matter in the wrong place. ' 

1877. JOSEPH HATTON, in Belgravia, 
April, p. 221. We looked at the hands of 
several of the gamblers, and found that 

they CARRIED THEIR REAL ESTATE with 

them. 

CARRY OUT ONE'S BAT. See BAT. 

CARRY THE STICK, verbal phr. 
(Scotch thieves'). To rob in the 
manner described in quotation. 
See also TRIPPING UP. 

1870. Times. 21 Sept [Maryborough 
Street Police Court Report.] Police 
Sergeant Cole said the prisoner's plan 
was for the woman to go up to well-dressed 
elderly or drunken men, to get them into 
conversation, and rob them. The male 
prisoner would then come up, and, pretend- 
ing to be a detective, make a disturbance, 
so as to enable the woman to escape. The 
prac 
and i 

CARRYING THE STICK. 



:tice was called in London 'trippingup,' 
in Scotland, where it is also practised, 



CARSEY, subs, (thieves'). A house, 
den, or crib. [From the Lingua 
Franca casa = a house.] For 
synonyms, see KEN. 

CART, verb (University). To de- 
feat : in a match, a fight, an 
examination, a race, &c. We 
CARTED them home = we gave 
them an awful licking. 

IN THE CART, or CARTED, 

phr. (racing). I. An employee 
is said to put an owner IN THE 
CART when, by some trick or 
fraud, his horse is prevented from 
winning. Also IN THE BOX. 

1889. Evening Standard, 25 June. 
[Sir Chas. Russell's speech in Durham- 
Chetwynd case.] It was alleged that in 
two races run by Fullerton in 1887, Sir 
George Chetwynd to use a vulgarism 
had been put IN THE cart by his Jockey. 



Carl Grease. 



Cascade. 



2. (common). ' In the know'; 
'in the hunt.' 

1883. Referee, i April, p. i, col. i. 
No one, not even the previously most 
authoritative and most IN THE CART 
seems at all astonished at the success of 
Knight of Burghley. 

3. (gaming). The lowest scorer 
at any point is said to be IN THE 
CART ; sometimes ON T.HE TAIL- 
BOARD. 

TO WALK THE CART, phr. 
(racing). To walk over the 
course. 



TO CART OFF Or OUT, or AWAY, 

phr. (colloquial). To remove. 

CART-GREASE, subs, (common). 
Butter ; in the first instance bad 
butter. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Cow- 
grease ; Thames mud ; cow-oil ; 
spread ; scrape ; smear ; ointment ; 
sluter. 

FRENCH SYNONYM. Le fondant 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Schmier- 
lin% (Schmier'vs, properly 'grease,' 
especially * wheel-grease,' also 

* oin'ment.' The term is, there- 
fore, practically identical with 
cart-grease) ; Schmtmk (used by 
knackers . Schmunki% signifies 

* fat ' of any kind, but especially 
that of horses). 

CARTS, subs, (common). A pair of 
shoes. For synonyms, see 
TROTTER-CASES. 



CART-WHEEL, subs, (popular) i. 
A five-shilling piece. A variant 
is COACH - WHEEL, and both 
forms are often contracted into 
WHEEL. For synonyms, see 
CAROON. 



1871. London Figaro, 15 Feb. ' Morn- 
ings at Mutton's.' 'I he coin of the realm 
in question was the largest that we have 
known in the present century so large, 
that, in the slang language of thieves and 
costermongers, it is called a CART- 
WHEEL, ' coach-wheel ' and ' thick-'un.' 
It was, in fact, a crown-piece. 

2. (popular). A broad hint. 

3. (popular). A continuous 
series of somersaults in which the 
hands and feet alternately touch 
the ground, the appearance pro 
duced being similar to the spokes 
of a cart wheel in motion. Other- 
wise called a CATHARINE 
WHEEL. 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, II., p. 562. We either do 
the CAT'I/NWHEEL (Sic) or else we keep 
before the gentleman and lady, turning 
head-over-heels. Ib., p. 564: at night I 
go along with the others tumbling. I 
does the CAT'ENWHEEL. (Sic.) 

1864. SALA, in Daily Telegraph, Dec. 
23. I saw a little . . . blackguard boy 
turning CARTWHEELS in front of the 
Clifton House. 

CARVER AND GILDER, subs. phr. 
(common). A match maker. 
Cf., FINGERSMITH, a midwife. 

CASA. See CASE. 

CASCADE, subs. (Australian). i. In 
Tasmania beer is called CASCADE 
because manufactured from 
' cascade ' water. Cf., ARTESIAN. 
For synonyms, see SWIPES and 
DRINKS. 

2. (theatrical). Explained 
by quotation. Another name for 
the same effect is HANG OUT. 

1851. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and Lon. 
Poor, III., p. 156. The principal distinc- 
tion between pantomimes and ballets is 
that there are more CASCADES, and trips, 
and valleys in pantomimes, and none in 
ballets. A trip i a dance between 
Harlequin and the Columbine, aid 
CASCADES and valleys are trundling and 



Case. 



45 



Case, 



gymnastic performances, such as tumbling 
across the stage on wheels, and catching 
hold of hands and twirling round. 



Verb (old). To vomit, 
synonyms, see ACCOUNTS, 



For 



1771. SMOLLETT, Humphry Clinker, 
III., Oct. 4, iii. She CASCADED in his 
urn. 

1836. M. SCOTT, Tom Cringle's Log, 
ch. ii. I daresay five hundred lank and 
file, at the fewest, were all CASCADING at 
one and the same moment. 

CASE, subs, (colloquial). I. A cer- 
tainty in fact, an accentuated 
or abnormal instance in character. 
When two persons fall in love, or 
are engaged to marry, it is said to 
be a CASE with them. An 
eccentric person is likewise a 
CASE. [As a designation for 
persons, CASE probably had its 
origin in Journalese and Police- 
court English ; e.g. , a CASE of 
larceny.] 

1848. BARTLETT, Dictionary of Ame- 
ricanisms. CASE : a character, a queer 
one ; as ' That Sol Haddock is a CASE.' 
'What a hard CASE he is,' meaning a 
reckless scapegrace, mauvais sujet. 

1859. H. KINGSLEY, Geoffrey Ham- 
lyn, ch. xlii. Tossed from workhouse to 
prison, from prison to hulk every' man's 
hand against him an Arab of society. 
As hopeless a CASE, my lord judge, as 
you ever had to deal with. 

1868. O. W. HOLMES, Guardian 
Angel, ch. iv., p. 35 (Rose Lib.). 'It 
was a devilish hard CASE,' he said, ' that 
old Malachi had left his money as he did.' 

1872. Miss BRADDON, To the Bitter 
End, ch. xlviii. They have only been 
engaged three weeks ; but from the day 
we first met Lord Stanmore at a hunting 
breakfast at Stoneleigh, the business was 
settled. It was a CASE, as you fast young 
men say. 

1880. HAWLEY SMART, Social Sin- 
ners, ch. xxiv. He saw people began to 
make way for him when she was con- 
cerned ; in short, that they looked upon 
it as a CASE. 

1887. Casselfs Mag.,~Dzc., p. 26. It 
isn't Mr. and Mrs. Cardewe he ^omes to 



see ! It's Miss Amy. . . . They have 
met before; and in my opinion it's a 
CASE ! 

2. (thieves') A bad five- 
shilling piece ; HALF A CASE, 
a bad half-crown. Cf., CASER. 
In America a dollar, good or 
bad. [There are two sources, 
either of which may have con- 
tributed this slang term. (i.) 
Caser, the Hebrew word for a 
crown; (2.) silver coin is frequently 
counterfeited by coating or CASING 
pewter or iron imitations with 
silver. Hotten. ] 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 3 
ed., p. 444. Bad five shillings CASE. 

3. (old). A house, respectable 
or otherwise. Subsequently re- 
stricted to a brothel, and, by 
derivation, a ' water-closet.' [Pre- 
sumably from the Italian casa, a 
house, through the Lingua Franca. 
It is found in various forms, 

CASA, CASE, CASEK, CARSER, 

CARSEY, the last a phonetic 
rendering of the usual pronunci- 
ation of CASA.] For synonyms, 
see KEN. 

1678. MARVELL, wks. (1875) III.. 
497. A net ... That Charles himself 
might chase To Caresbrook's narrow CASE. 
[M.I 

1690. B.E., Diet. Cant. Crew. CASE : 
a House, Shop, or Ware-house. 

1785. GROSE, Diet, of Vul. Tongue. 
CASE : a house, perhaps from the Italian 
casa. In the canting lingo it meant store 
or warehouse, as well as dwelling house. 
Tout that CASE : mark or observe that 
house. It is all bob, now let's dub the 
gigg of the CASE : now the coast is clear, 
let us break open the door of the house. 

1883. Echo, Jan. 25, p. 2, col. 3. 
From the I talian we get the thieves' slang 
term CASA for house. 

4. (Westminster School). 
The discussion by Seniors and 
Upper Election preceding a 
TANNING (y.v.), and the tanning 
itbelf. 



Caseine. 



4 6 



CasJi-up. 



A CASE OF CRABS, subs. phr. 
(colloquial). A failure. 

A CASE OF PICKLES, stibs. phr. 
(colloquial). An incident ; a bad 
break-down ; a break up. 

A CASE OF STUMP, subs. phr. 
(colloquial). Said of. one abso- 
lutely guiltless of the possession 
of coin. 

CASEINE, subs. (rare). The correct 
thing. A variant of THE CHEESE 
(q.v.) Cf., CASSAN. 

1856. C. KINGSLEY, Letter, May. 
Horn minnow looks like a gudgeon, which 
is the pure CASEINE. 

CASER, subs, (thieves'). Five shil- 
lings. See CASE and CAROON. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
Mag., XL., 501. One morning I found I 
did not have more than a CASER (55.). 

CASE-VROW, subs. (old). A prosti- 
tute in residence in a particular 
brothel ; now called a DRESS- 
LODGER (q.v.}. [From CASE(^.Z/.), 
a house, + Dutch vrow, a woman.] 

CASEY, subs, (thieves'). Cheese. 
See CASSAN. 

CASH. See CASSAN. 

EQUAL TO CASH. Of un- 
questionable merit. In allusion 
to the fact that paper currency is 
largely a medium of exchange. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, i S., 
chap. xvi. Though I say it, that shouldn't 
say it, they [the U.S. Americans] fairly 
take the shine off creation they are actilly 

EQUAL TO CASH. 

To CASH A PRESCRIPTION, 
subs. phr. (colloquial). To get a 
prescription made up. 

1890. The Scots Observer, p. 399, 
col. 2. The Socialist, with an ear for 
Ibsen, and an eye for Wagner, and A 
PRESCRIPTION in his pocket that only 
needs TO BE CASHED for the world to 
forget its past, and belie its present, and 
bidevil its future. 



CASH ELS, subs. (Stock Exchange). 
Great Southern and Western 
of Ireland Railway Stock. [Said 
to be derived from the fact that 
the line originally had no station 
at Cashel.] 

CASH or PASS IN ONE'S CHECKS. 

verbal phr. (American). To die. 
Derived from the game of poker, 
where counters or CHECKS, pur- 
chased at certain fixed rates, are 
equivalent to coin. The euphe- 
mism is drawn from the analogy 
between settling one's earthly 
accounts, and paying in dues at 
the end of the game. 

!?(?). JOHN HAY, Jim Bludsoe of the 
Prairie Belle. ' How Jimmy Bludsoe 
PASS'D IN HIS CHECKS The night of the 
Prairie Belle.' 

1870. BRET HARTE, Outcasts Poker 
Flat. Beneath this tree lies the body of 

J. O. who . . . HANDED IN HIS CHECKS 

on the jth December, 1850. 

1872. S. L. CLEMENS (' Mark Twain'), 
Roughing It, p. 332. ' You see, 1 said the 
miner, ' one of the boys has PASSED IN 
HIS CHECKS, and we want to give him a 
good send off.' 

1882. DODGE, Plains of the Great 
West. As close a shave as I ever made to 
PASSING IN MY CHECKS was from a buffalo 
stampede. 

1888. New York Sun. Well, I owned 
the mule for several years after that, and 
when he finally PASSED IN HIS CHECKS 
I gave him as decent a burial as any 
pioneer ever got. 

CASH -Up, verb (colloquial). To 
liquidate a debt by the transfer 
of money, i.e., cash, or its 
equivalent. For synonyms, see 
SHELL OUT. 

1837. BARHAM, I. L.(M. of Venice). 
And Antonio grew In a deuce of a stew, 
For he could not CASH UP, spite of all he 
could do. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzleivit, 
I., p. 213. ' When my father's executors 



Cask. 



47 



Caster. 



CASH UP ' he used strange expressions now 
and then, but that was his way. ' CASH 
UP'S a very good expression' observed 
Martin, ' when other people don't apply it 
to you." 

1861 . S ALA, Seven Sons of Mammon, 
II., p. 197. ' But they may CASH UP.' 
'CASH UP! They'll never CASH UP a 
farthing piece.' 

CASK, subs. ( popular ) . A 
brougham ; otherwise a PILL-BOX 
(q.v.}. A French equivalent is 
une bagniole. 

CASS. See CASSAN. 

CASSAN, subs, (thieves'). Old 
Cant for cheese. Also CASS, 
CASSON, CASSAM, CASSOM, and 
CASEY. The oldest form is 
CASSAN, which is found in 
Harman's Caveat or Warening 
for Common Cursetors, the first 
known dictionary of English cant 
[1567]. CASS, chiefly American 
thieves, is a latter corruption 
probably influenced by the Dutch 
kaas, or the M. Dutch kdse, Lat. 
caseus. [For suggested deriva- 
tion, which corresponds to that 
given in the N.E.D., see second 
quot. ] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Caz ; 
sweaty-toe ; choke-dog. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Le re- 
nache (thieves' term) ; une cotelette 
de rnenuister, deperruquier, or de 
vAche (popular terms for a portion 
of Brie ; literally a cabinet- 
maker's, hair-dresser's, or cow- 
cutlet) ; ledureme (thieves) ; une 
boussole de refroidi or de singe 
(popular = a Dutch Cheese. ) 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Fen- 
drich (Old Cant appearing in the 
Liber Vagatorum [1529] as Wen- 
derich or Wendrich ; subsequently 
modified into Fiihndruh. The 



derivation is referable, perhaps, 
to an old practice, prevalent in 
North Germany, of using as a 
board sign \Fah-ne , a flag, stand- 
ard, banner] with three cheeses 
pictured) ; Gewine (from the 
Hebrew gewino) ; Karnet or Kor- 
ntt', Kawine (a variant of Gewine); 
Stinkefix (from the O. H. G. 
Stinchan, to smell, to stink ; this is 
especially applied to old cheese). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Tenerosa 
(cream cheese) ; maschtrpo ; 
stifello (literally a kind of flute, 
in allusion to the holes in 
some^ kinds of cheese, notably 
Gruyere). 

SPANISH SYNONYM. Formage 
(evidently a corruption of the 
French fromage). 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (i86<)\ p. 86. 
She hath a Cacking chete, a grunting 
chete, ruff Pecke, CASSAN, and popplarr 
of yarum. 

1609. DEKKER, Lanthorne and Can- 
dlelight, in wks. (Grosart) III., 195. 
CASSAN is cheese, and is a worde bar- 
barously coynd out of the substantive 
OU*f,whkh also signifies a cheese. 

1656. BROOME, Jovial Crew, Act H. 
Here's ruffpeck and CASSAN, and all of the 
best, And scraps of the dainties of gentry 
cofe's feast. 

1714. Memoirs of John Hall (4 ed.), 
p. ii. CASUM : cheese. 

1881. New York Slang Dictionary. 
CASS : cheese. 

CASTELL, verb (old). To see or 
look. [It is uncertain as to 
whether this word is slang or 
not. It is not included in the 
N.E.D.~\ For synonyms, see PIPE. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 37 (H. Club's Repr., 1874). To CAS- 
TELL : to see or looke. 

CASTER, subt. (old). i. A cloak. 
[Cf., CASTOR, a hat ; there 
seems to be no historical im- 
probability for a similar deriva- 
tion]. 



Castieu's Hotel. 



4 8 Cast Sheep's Eyes. 



Another Old Cant term for a 
cloak was CALLE (q.v.), and the 
French have un bleu, whilst the 
Italian Fourbesque has toppo and 
manto, the latter probably mean- 
ing ' a long black veil ' ; Calao. 
tralha. The Germania renders 
cloak by noche (literally ' night,' 
and signifying also in a canting 
sense * sadness ' and ' sentence 
of death ') ; nube (literally a 
' cloud ') ; pelosa (specially ap- 
plied to a cloak worn in the 
morning ; literally ' shaggy ' or 
' hairy ') ; btllosa or vellosa (a 
sailor's cloak). 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat [E. E. Text 
Soc., 1869], p. 77. He walketh in softly a 
nights, when they be at their rest, and 
plucketh of as manygarmentesas be ought 
worth that he may come by, . . . and 
maketh porte sale at some conuenient place 
of theirs, that some be soone ready in the 
morning, for want of their CASTERS and 
Togemans. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 37 (H. Club's Repr., 1874). CASTER : a 
Clocke. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue [s.v.]. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicuin [s.v.]. 

2. (colloquial). A cast-off 
or rejected person or thing. [From 
CAST, thrown, + ER.] 

1859. LANG, Wand, India, p. 144. 
The horse which drew the buggy had 
been a CASTER ... a horse considered no 
longer fit for the cavalry or horse artillery, 
and sold by public auction, after being 
branded with the letter R on the near 
shoulder. [M.] 

CASTIEU'S HOTEL, subs. phr. 
(Australian thieves'). The Mel- 
bourne gaol, so called from Mr. 
J. B. Castieu. For list of nick- 
names of this description, see 
CAGE. 

18(?). Australian Printers Keep- 
sake. He caught a month, and had to 
white it out at diamond-cracking in 
CASTIEU'S HOTEL. 



CASTLE- RAG, subs, (rhyming slang). 
A flag or fourpenny piece. For 
synonyms, see JOEY. 

CAST-OFFS, subs, (nautical). i. 
Landsmen's clothes. For syn- 
onyms, see TOGS. 

2. In singular (general). A 
discarded mistress. 

CASTOR, subs, (old). A hat. [From 

Latin castor , a beaver, hats 
having formerly been made of 
beaver's fur.] For synonyms, see 
GOLGOTHA. 

1640. ENTICK, London, II., 175. 
Beaver hats, Demi-CASTERS. [M.] 

1754. B. MARTIN, Eng. Diet., 2 ed. 
CASTOR : lat., i, a beaver, a beast like an 
otter. 2, a fine hat made of its fur. 

1821. W. T. MONCRIEFF, Tom and 
Jerry, Act ii., Sc. 5. Jerry. (Walks about, 
and, by mistake, takes Logic's hat, which 
he puts on.) Damn the cards ! Log. (Fol- 
lowing Jerry, and rescuing CASTOR.) Don't 
nibble the felt, Jerry ! 

1857. O. W. HOLMES, Autocrat of 
the Breakfast Table, ch. viii. The last 
effort of decayed fortune is expended in 
smoothing its dilapidated CASTOR. The 
hat is the ultimutn morieus of ' respecta- 
bility.' 

1860. Morning Post, Jan. 30. Such 
as tin for money, CASTOR for hat, brick 
for good fellow, gemman for gentleman. 

CAST SHEEP'S EYES, verbal phr. 
(common). To ogle; to leer or 
' make eyes ' at ; formerly to look 
modestly and with diffidence, but 
always with longing or affection. 
[Probably in allusion to the quiet, 
gentle gaze of sheep.] The 
phrase has been varied by to 
CAST LAMB'S EYES. Fr. ginginer; 
lancer son prospecttis, and un oeil 
en tirelire = an eye full of amorous 
expression. 

1590. GREENE, Francesco's Fortunes, 
in wks. VIII., 191. That CASTING A 
SHEEFE'S EYE at hir, away he goes ; and 
euer since he lies by himselfe and pines 
away. 



Cast-up Accounts. 49 



Cat. 



1614. JONSON, Bartholomew Fair, 
V., iii. Who chances to come by but fair 
Nero in a sculler ; And seeing Leander's 
naked leg and goodly calf, CAST at him 
from the boat A SHEEP'S EYE an' a half. 

1748. SMOLLETT, Rod. Random, ch. 
xvi. There was a young lady in the room, 
and she THREW . . . many SHEEP'S EYES 
at a certain person whom 1 shall not name. 

1864. G. A. LAWRENCE, Guy Living* 
stone, ch. vii. He would stand for some 
time CASTING LAMB'S-EYES at the object of 
his affections to the amorous audacity of 
the full-grown sheep he never soared. 

1881. HAWLEY SMART, Gt. Tontine, 
ch. xi. It isn't to be expected a well-bred 
lass like this is going to knock under the 
minute a young fellow MAKES SHEEP'S- 
EYES at her. 



CAST UP ACCOUNT s. See 

ACCOUNTS, to which may be 
added the following. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Jeter du 
. caur or son lest sur carreau 
(general : literally to ' throw hearts 
or diamonds ' or ' throw one's 
heart,' here meaning the stomach, 
' on the floor') ; compter ses che- 
mises (popular) ; debecqueter (pop- 
ular) ; dt border (popular) ; lac her 
son Donjon (general) ; Idcher une 
fusee (popular). 

1607. DEKKER, Westward Ho, Actv., 
Sc. i. Mist. Wafer. I would not have 'em 
CAST UP their ACCOUNTS here, for more 
than they mean to be drunk this twelve- 
month. 

1808. R. ANDERSON, Cumbria. Ball, 
26. The breyde she KEST UP her ACCOUNTS 
In Rachel's lap. [M.] 

CAT, subs. (old). i. A prostitute. 
For synonyms, see BARKACK- 
HACK. 

[1401. Pol. Poems, II., 113. Beware 
of Cristis curse, and of CATTIS tailis.] 
[M.] 

153.5. LYNDESAY, Satyre, 468. Wan- 
tonnes. Hay ! as one biydlit CAT, I brank. 
[M.] 

1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew. CAT : 
a common Whore. 



1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.;. 
CAT (s.) . . . also a cant word for a lewd, 
whorish woman, or street-walker. 

2. (popular). A shortened 
form of CAT-O'-NINE-TAILS (q.V.). 

1788. FALCONBRIDGE, Afr.SlaveTr., 
40. A CAT (an instrument of correction, 
which consists of a handle or stem, made 
of a rope three inches and a half in cir- 
cumference, and about eighteen inches in 
length, at one end of which are fastened 
nine branches, or tails, composed of log 
line, with three or more knots upon each 
branch). [M.] 

1870. London Figaro, 23 Dec. We 
are delighted to learn that Mr. Baron 
Bramwell, at the Warwick Assizes, on 
Saturday, sentenced a batch of street 
thieves to hard labour for eighteen months, 
and twenty lashes each, with an instru- 
ment called the CAT. 

1889. Globe, 26 Oct., p. 7, col. 3. Th* 
'CAT.' A companion of the prisoner was 
convicted last session of being concerned 
in the assault and robbery, and was 
sentenced to eighteen months' hard labour 
and to receive twenty-five lashes. 

3. '(thieves'). A lady's muff. 
[Muff = female pudendum. See 
sense 4.] 



1857. SNOWDEN, 
p. 444. To steal a muff To free a CAT. 

4. (popular). The female 
pudendum ; otherwise a PUSSY ; 
French, le chat. 

5. (thieves'). A quart pot. 
Pint pots are called KITTENS. 
Stealing these pois is termed CAT 

AND KITTEN SNEAKING. 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, II., p. 118. The mistress 
of a lodging-house, who had conveniences 
for the melting of pewter-pots (called 
CATS AND KITTENS by the young thieves 
according to the size of the vessels). Ibid, 
I., p. 460. At this lodging-house CATS 
AND KITTENS are melted down ... A 
quart pot is a CAT, and pints and half- 
pints are KITTENS. 

6. (popular). See TAME CAT. 

7. (common). A monster in- 
festing lodging houses, and assimi- 

4 



Cat. 



Cat. 



lating, with equal readiness, cold 
meat and coals, spirits and paraf- 
fin, etc., etc. 

1827. R. B. PEAKE, Comfortable 
Lodgings, Act I., Sc. iii. I wonder whether 
the CAT ever comes in here, and knocks 
anything over? Sir Hippington Miff, 
here's your health ! Ladies, yours ! 
(Drinks.) Bless my soul ! the cup's empty ! 
I'll turn it over, and lay the fault at pussy's 
door. 

1871. Figaro, 2 July. 'My Landlady.' 
Who on my viands waxes fat ? Who keeps 
a most voracious CAT ! Who often listens 
on my mat ? My Landlady. 

FLYING CAT, subs. (old). An 
owl. 

1690. B. E., Dictionary Canting' 
Crew, s.v. Flutter. An owl is a FLYING- 
CAT. 

TO JERK, SHOOT, or WHIP THE 

CAT ; or simply, TO CAT. To 
vomit; generally from over in- 
dulgence in drink. See ACCOUNTS 
and CAST UP ACCOUNTS. 

1609. ARMIN, Maids of More-cl. 
(1880), 70. He baste their bellies and their 
lippes till we haue IERK'T THE CAT with 
our three whippes. [M.] 

1630. J. TAYLOR ('Water P.'), Brood 
Cortnor, wks. III., p. 5, col. i. You may 
not say hee's drunke . . For though he 
be as drunke as any rat He hath but 
catcht a fox, or WHIPT THE CAT. 

1830. MARRYAT, Kings Own, ch. 
xxxii. I'm cursedly inclined to SHOOT 
THE CAT. 

To WHIP THE CAT, otherwise 

TO DRAW THROUGH THE WATER 
WITH A CAT, phr. (old). I. To 

indulge in practical jokes. [For 
suggested origin, see quotation 
1785-] 

1614. B. JONSON, Barthol. Fair, I., 
iv. [N.]. I'll be DRAWN WITH A GOOD GIB 

CAT THROUGH THE GREAT POND at home. 
[M.] 

1690. B. E. , Dictionary CantingCre-w. 
CATTING : DRAWING a Fellow THROUGH 
A POND WITH A CAT. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CAT-WHIPPING or WHIPPING THE CAT : a 
trick often practised on ignorant country 



fellows, vain of their strength ; by laying 
a wager with them, that they may be 

PULLED THROUGH A POND BY A CAT ; the 

bet being made, a rope is fixed round the 
waist of the party to be catted, and the 
end thrown across the pond, to which the 
cat is also fastened by a pack-thread, and 
three or four sturdy fellows are appointed 
to lead and whip the cat ; these, on a 
signal given, seize the end of the cord, 
and pretending to whip the cat, haul the 
astonished booby through the water. 

2. (tailors', etc.). To work at 
private houses. In America the 
term is also used by carpenters 
and other itinerants, especially 
schoolmasters who 'board round.' 
At one time it was more con- 
venient to pay in kind than in 
currency; and, in rural New 
England , a school-teacher would 
be ' boarded round ' amongst his 
pupils' parents as a part of his re- 
muneration. (See Washington 
Irving's Legend of Sleepy Hollow. ) 
This was called WHIPPING THE 
CAT. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, 648. 
WHIPPING THE CAT : an old English 
phrase, used only by tailors and carpenters, 
has maintained its existence in New Eng- 
land, Pennsylvania, and a few other States, 
where it denotes the annual visit of a tailor 
to repair the clothes of a household. It is 
said to have originated in a very rough 
practical joke, which bears the same name 
in Hampshire, England, and of which, it 
is surmised, the tailor may have been the 
victim (J. R. Lowell). The simple tailors 
of former days liked thus to go from house 
to house in the rural districts, providing 
the families with clothing. The chief 
romance for the happy ' Schneider ' was in 
the abundant and wholesome cheer of the 
farmer who employed him, and as his 
annual visits fell in the pudding and 
sausage season, he was usually crammed 
with that kind of ' vegetables,' as he face- 
tiously called them, to his heart's content. 
The only objection made to CATWHIPPING, 
was that it afforded no opportunity to 
' cabbage,' and in former days this was a 
serious grievance. The introduction of 
large manufacturing establishments, low- 
priced ready - made clothing, and the 
advent of the sewing-machine, have now 
nearly made an end to this itinerant 
occupation. The terms CATWHIPPER and 
CATWHJPPING were often facetiously, and 



Cat. 



Cat. 



sometimes very irreverently, applied to 
other itinerant professions : even ' school- 
masters ' there were no 'teachers,' much 
less 'educators,' in those benighted days 
were called CATWHJPPERS, when they 
boarded, as was quite usual, in turns with 
the parents of their scholars. Itinerating 
preachers also were, by the initiated, 
included in this category. 

TO SEE HOW THE CAT WILL 

JUMP, phr. (common). To watch 
the course of events. An Ameri- 
can equivalent is TO SIT ON THE 
FENCE. See FENCE and JUMP- 
ING CAT. 

1827. SCOTT, in Croker Pap. (1884), 
I., xi., 319. Had I time, I believe I would 
come to London merely TO SEE HOW THB 

CAT JUMPED. [M.] 

1853. BULWER LYTTON, My Novel, 
IV., p. 228. ' But I rely equally on your 
friendly promise." ' Promise ! No I 
don't promise. I must first SEE HOW THE 

CAT JUMPS." 

1859. LEVER, Davenport Dunn, III., 
229. You'll SEE with half an eye HOW 

THE CAT JUMPS. 

1874. Sat.Rev.^. 139. This dismays 
the humble Liberal of the faint Southern 
type, who thinks that there are subjects as 
to which the heads of his party need not 

Wait TO SEE HOW THE CAT JUMPS. 

1887. ' Pol. Slang," in Comhill Mag., 
June, p. 626. Those who sit on the fence 
men with impartial minds, who wait to 
see, as another pretty phrase has it, HOW 

THE CAT WILL JUMP. 

YOU KILL MY CAT AND I'LL 
KILL YOUR DOG, phr. (common). 
'Ca ' me, 'ca ' thee ; an exchange 
in the matter of ' scratching 
backs ' in Fr. passez mot la casse^ 
et je fenverrai la senne. 

TO LET THE CAT OUT OF THE 

BAG, phr. (common). To reveal 
a secret ; a variant with a slightly 
modified sense is TO PUT ONE'S 
FOOT IN IT. [This and the kind- 
red phrase ' to buy a pig in a 
poke,' are said to have had their 
origin in the bumpkin's trick of 
substituting a cat for a young pig 
and bringing it to market in a 
bag. If the customer were wary 



THE CAT WAS LET OUT OF THE 

BAG, and there was no deal. 

1760. Land. Mag XXIX., p. 224. We 
could have wished that the author . . . 
had not LET THE CAT OUT OF THE BAG. 
[M.] 

1782. WOLCOT (' P. Pindar '), Pair 
of Lyric Epistles To the Reader But. to 
use a sublime phrase, as it would be LET- 
TING THE CAT OUT OF THE BAG, I have 

fortune. 

1811. C. K. SHARPE, in Correspon- 
dence (1888), I., 475. She has LET a 
wicked CAT OUT OF THE BAG to G. M. 
respecting his mother. 

1855. MRS. GASKELL, North and 
South, ch. xliv. You needn't look so 
frightened because you have LET THE 

CAT OUT OF THE BAG tO a faithful old 

hermit like me. I shall never name his 
having been in England. 

1888. MACDERMOTT [on the case of 
Crawford v. Dilke], This noble represen- 
tative of everything good in Chelsea, He 
LET THE CAT, the naughty cat, RIGHT OUT 
OF THE Gladstone BAG. 

WHO ATE Or STOLE THE CAT ? 

phr. (common). A gentleman 
whose larder was frequently broken 
by bargees, had a cat cooked and 
placed as a decoy. It was taken 
and eaten, and became a standing 
jest against the pilferers. 

TO LEAD A CAT AND DOG LIFE 
phr. (popular). To quarrel night 
and day. Said of married (or un- 
married) couples. 

TO TURN CAT IN THE PAN, phr. 

(old). To ' rat ' ; to reverse one's 
position through self-interest ; to 
play the turncoat. [The deriva- 
tion is absolutely unknown. The 
one generally received that ' cat ' 
is a corruption of ' cate ' or 
' cake' is historically untenable.] 

c. 1559. Old Play, ' Mart iage of Witt 
and Wisdome* Sc. 3. Now am I true 
araid like a phesitien ; I am as very a 
turncote as the wethercoke of Poles; For 
now I will calle my name Due Disporte. 
So, so, finely I can TURNE THE CATT m 

THE PANE. 



Catamaran. 



Cat aw an) pus. 



1593. 4 Lett. Conf., in wks. (Grosart) 
II., 286. If it bee a home booke at his 
first conception, let it be a home booke 
still, and TURNE NOT CAT IN THE PANNE. 

1625. BACON, Essays {of Cunning), 
p. 441 (Arber). There is a Cunning, 
which we in England call, The TURNING 
OF THE CAT IN THE PAN, which is, when 
that which a Man says to another, he laies 
it, as if Another had said it to him. 

c. 1720. Song, 'The Vicar of Bray.' 
' When George in pudding time came in, 
And moderate men looked big, sir, He 
TURNED A CAT-IN-PAN once more, And so 
became a Whig, sir.' 

1816. SCOTT, Old Mortality, ch. 
xxxv. ' O, this precious Basil will TURN 
CAT IN PAN with any man ! ' replied 
Claverhouse. 

TO FEF.L AS THOUGH A CAT 
HAD KITTENED IN ONE'S MOUTH, 

phr. (popular). To ' have a 
mouth' after drunkenness. 



Many other phrases and pro- 
verbial sayings might, more or 
less justifiably, be classed as slang 
in this connection ; e.g., TO FIGHT 
LIKE KILKENNY CATS ; TO GRIN 
LIKE A CHESHIRE CAT ; NOT 
ROOM ENOUGH TO SWING A CAT ; 
ABLE TO MAKE A CAT SPEAK, AND 
A MAN DUMB J WHO SHOT THE 
CAT (the last a reproach addressed 
to volunteers), etc. 

CATAMARAN, subs, (colloquial). A 
vixenish old woman ; also a cross- 
grained person of either sex. \_Cf., 
CATAMOUNT. Probably associ- 
ated with the colloquial use of 
CAT, a quarrelsome, vicious 
woman]. For synonyms, see 
GEEZER. 

1833. MARRY AT, Peter Simple, ch. vi. 
The cursed drunken old CATAMARAN, 
cried he, I'll go and cut her down by the 
head. 

1855. THACKERAY. Nevucomes, ch. 
Ixxv. ' What a woman that Mrs. Mac- 
kenzie is ! ' cries F. B. ' What an infernal 
tartar and CATAMARAN !' 



1861. Macmillan's Magazine, June, 
p. 113. She was such an obstinate old 

CATAMARAN. 



CATAMOUNT, C ATA MOUNTAIN, or 
CAT O' MOUNTAIN, subs. (Ameri- 
can). A shrew. [Q^CATAMARAN 
and Beaumont and Fletcher's use 
of the word for a wild man from 
the mountains, itself a transferred 
sense of catamount = a leopard or 
panther.] 

1616. FLETCHER, Cust. of Country, 
I., i. The rude claws of such a CAT o' 
MOUNTAIN ! 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, i 
S., ch., xii. She was a dreadful cross- 
grained woman, a real CATAMOUNT, as 
savage as a she -bear that has cubs. 

CAT AND MOUSE, subs., phr. 
(rhyming slang). A house. 



CATASTROPHE, jfo. (old). The tail 
or latter end. Cf., the Falstaffism 
' I'll tickle your CATASTROPHE.' 

CATAWAMPOUS, CATAWAMPTIOUS- 

LY, adj. and adv. (popular). With 
avidity ; fiercely ; eagerly ; or 
violently destructive. See CATA- 
WAMPUS. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit, 
ch., xxi., 216. There air some CATA- 
WAMPOUS chawers in the small way too, as 
graze upon a human pretty strong. 

1853. LYTTON, My Novel, bk. X., 
ch. xx. If a man like me .... is to be 
CATAWAMPOUSLY champed up by a 
mercenary selfish cormorant of a capitalist. 

18(?). F. BURNAND, The White Cat. 
Don't hurt me ; spare a poor unhappy pup, 
Or I'll be CATAWAMPOUSLY chawed up. 

CATAWAMPUS, subs. Vermin, es- 
pecially those that sting and 
bite. [Apparently formed from 
CATAWAMPOUS (g.v.).~\ 

1880. MORTIMER COLLINS, Thoughts 
in My Garden, vol. I., p. 244. Look at 
their [spiders'] value in destroying wasps 



Catch. 



53 



Catch- em -A live. 



and blue-bottles, gnats, midges, and all 
manner of CATAWAMPUSES, as the ladies 
call them. 

CATCH, subs, (colloquial). A man 
or woman matrimonially desirable; 
formerly in a canting sense, a 
prize or booty [j^quot. 1877]. A 
woman who is ' no great CATCH ' 
is in French argot termed line 
grognotte. 

1593. SHAKSPEARE, Taming of 
the Shrew, Act ii., Sc. i, 333. Bap. The 
gain I seek is quiet in the match. Gre. 
No doubt but he hath got a quiet CATCH. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.) 
CATCH (s.) . . . also a cant word for a 
prize, booty, etc. 

1842. Comic Almanack, p. 333. 
Angelina Ampletin was one of the prettiest 
girls in Pimlico, and if there was any 
truth in rumour, very far from one of the 

worst CATCHES. 

1877. Five Years Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 244. Well, as it was her CATCH, 
I thought as I'd consult along of her 
whether we should take the ,200. 

CATCH or CUT A CRAB, verbal phr. 
(common). There are various 
ways of CATCH IJ^G A CRAB, as for 
example, (i) to turn the blade of 
the oar or 'feather' under water 
at the end of the stroke, and 
thus be unable to reco\ er ; (2) to 
lose control of the oar at the 
middle of the stroke by * digging ' 
too deeply ; or (3) to miss 
the water altogether. An English 
variant is to ' capture a cancer,' 
an American form being ' TO 

CATCH A LOBSTER.' See 

LOBSTER. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vvlg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1833. MARRYAT, Peter Simple [ed. 
1846], ch viii., p. 206, s.v. 

1844. Puck, p. 134. Now, Johnson, 
thou wilt surely rue ! Didst ever pull 
before? (Brown had been up to fish at 
Kew. And CAUGHT of CRABS a store. 

1849. JOHN SMITH (J. D. Lewis) 
Hark, the gun has gone thrice, and 



now off in a trice, With the Johnians we're 
soon on a level. When Hicks, who's no 
dab, with his oar CUTS A CRAB ? And our 
coxswain he swears like the Devil. 

1857. HOOD, Pen and Pencil 
Pictures, p. 144. Awful muff ! Can't pull 
two strokes without CATCHING as many 
CRABS ; he'd upset the veriest tub on the 
river. 

1872. Daily News, 10 Sept. ' London 
Rowing Club Regatta.' The excitement 
and fun engendered by the numerous 
scrimmages resulted in ' fouls ' and 
CRABS of most portentous magnitude. 

CATCH A TARTAR, verbal phr. ( popu- 
lar). To unexpectedly meet with 
one's superior ; to fall into one's 
own trap ; having a design upon 
another, to be caught oneself. 
[Explanation may be found, per- 
haps, in the horror born of the 
atrocities of the Tartar hordes 
who devasted Eastern Europe in 
the reign of St. Louis of France. 
Cf., TARTAR, a person of irritable 
temper.] An American variant 

is TO CATCH ON A SNAG (q.V.). 

1682. DRYDEN, Prol. to King and 
Queen, in wks., p. 456 (Globe). When 
men will needlessly their freedom barter 
for lawless power, sometimes they CATCH 

A TARTER. 

1748. SMOLLETT, Rod. Random, ch. 
xxx. Who, looking at me with a con- 
temptuous sneer, exclaimed, Ah, ah ! have 

yOU CAUGHT A TARTER? 

1778. FANNY BURNEY, Diary, 23 
Aug. 'Ah,' he (Johnson) added, 'they 
will little think what a TARTAR you 
carry to them.' 

1857. O. W. HOLMES, Autocrat of 
the Breakfast Table, ch. v. When the 
Danish pirates made descents upon the 
English coast, they CAUGHT A FEW 
TARTARS occasionally, in the shape of 
Saxons. 

c. 1880. Broadside Ballad, ' Unhappy 
Because it Can't Last.' They say two heads 
are better than one, so I took a wife and 
CAUGHT A TARTAR, and found two of a 
trade could never agree, and proved the 

Eroverb that marry in haste repent at 
;isure. 

CATCH -'EM -ALIVE, or ALIVO, subs, 
phr. (common). i. A fly-paper. 



Catch-Fart. 



54 Catch on a Snag. 



[In allusion to the sticky sub- 
stance smeared over the paper 
which, attracting the flies, liter- 
ally ' catches them alive. '] 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. III., p. 38. They 
used to ... call 'em Egyptian flypapers, 
but now they use merely the word ' fly- 
papers,' or ' fly-destroyers,' or ' fly- 
catchers,' or 'CATCH 'EM ALIVE, OH'S.' 

1857. DICKENS, Dorrit, wks. I., ch. 
xvi., 122 And such coats of varnish that 
every holy personage served for a fly trap, 
and became what is now called in the 
vulgar tongue a CATCH-EM-ALIVE, O. 

1890. Globe, 16 April, p. i, col 3. 
Typhoid microbes take as kindly to 
sluggish waters as flies do to CATCH-EM- 
ALIVE-OH'S. 

2. (common). A tooth-comb ; 
a 'louse-trap.' 

3. (general). The female pu- 
dendum. 

CATCH -FART, subs. (old). A foot- 
man, or page boy. [A com- 
bination of CATCH, in its ordinary 
sense, + FART (q.v ). Fourbesque, 
bologjtino 2ci\&falcone (' a falcon').] 

CATCH IT, verb (colloquial). To 
get a scolding or castigation ; to 
get into trouble ; to ' come in for 
it.' For synonyms, see TAN and 
WIG. 

1835. MARRYAT, Jacob Faithful, ch. 
xxxviii. We all thought Tom was about 

tO CATCH IT. 

1848. MRS. GASKELL, M. Barton, 
xxxi. I shall CATCH IT down stairs, I 
know. 

1872. BLACK, Adv. Phaeton, xvi., 
218. He CATCHES IT if he does not bring 
home a fair proportion to his wife. 

CATCH ME I or CATCH ME AT IT! 

phr. (colloquial). An intimation 
that the person speaking will 
not do such and such a thing. 
An analogous phrase is DON'T 

YOU WISH YOU MAY GET IT ! 



1780. MRS. COWLEY, The Belles 
Stratagem, Act Hi., Sc. 2. First Gent. 
May I be a bottle, and an empty bottle, 
if you CATCH ME at that ! Why, I am 
going to the masquerade. 

1830. GALT, La-wrie, T., V., iv. 
(1849), 207- CATCH ME again at such 
costly damn. 

1841. R. B. PEAKE, Court and City, 
I., i. Satisfaction ! CATCH ME at that ! 

1846. DICKENS, Dombey and Son, I., 
p. 112, col. 3. 'You have a committee 
to-day at three, you know.' 'And one at 
three, three-quarters,' added Mr. Dombey, 
' CATCH YOU at forgetting anything ! ' 
exclaimed Carker. 

CATCH ON, verb (colloquial). 
To understand ; to grasp in 
meaning ; to apprehend ; to at- 
tach or fix oneself to ; to quickly 
seize an opportunity and turn it 
to advantage. [A literal trans- 
lation, in fact, into the language 
of slang of the Latin appre- 
hendere^} A French equivalent 
is piger, but for synonyms, see 
TWIG. 

1884. Lisbon (Dakota) Star, 27 June. 
Now is the time to CATCH ON in order to 
keep up with the procession. [M.] 

1889. The^ Nation, 19 Dec., p. 499, 
col. i. ... The farmer knows only the 
traffic of his market town and his county, 
and he is slow to CATCH ON to the new 
and progressive. 

1890. Globe, Feb. 13, p. i. col. 5. 
Well, assuming that the notion were to 
CATCH ON, and the example of this enter- 
prising mother to be generally imitated in 
the upper orbits of the social system, would 
there be a balance of advantage to the 
nation ? 

CATCH ON A SNAG, verbal phr. 
(American). TO CATCH A TAR- 
TAR (q.v.); to meet with one's 
superior. 

1887. STUART CUMBERLAND, The 
Queen's Highway. In rough Western 
parlance a man who falls in with such a 
player (a man, who, bearing a high reputa- 
tion for all-round godliness, is a crack 
' poker ' player) CATCHES ON A SNAG, and 
it is said that everyone who visits the 



Catch on the Hop. 



55 



Catfish Death. 



North-West comes across, sooner or later, 
the SNAG on which he is TO CATCH. 

CATCH ON THE HOP, verbal ' phr. 
(popular). Properly to CATCH 
or HAVE ON THE HIP, as Gra- 
tiano catches Shylock. See HOP. 

c. 1869. The Chickaleary Bloke, sung 
by Vance. For to GET ME ON THE HOP, 
or on my ' tibby ' drop, You must wake up 
very early in the morning. 

CATCH-POLE, subs. (old). A war- 
rant-officer ; a bum - bailiff. A 
very old term formerly in res- 
pectable use, but employed 
contemptuously from the six- 
teenth century. [From CATCH, 
to arrest, or stop, + POLE or 
POLL, the head.] Fourbesque, 
foco orfuoco = fire. Cf., BUM- 
BAILIFF. 

1377. LANGL., P. PL, bk. XVIII., 
46. Crucifige, quod a CACCHEPOLLE I 
warante hym a wicche. [M.] 

c. 1510. BARCLAY, Mrr. Good Mann. 
(1570), G., iv. Be no towler, CATCHPOLL, 
nor customer. 

1601. B. JOHNSON, Poetaster, III. 
CATCHPOLE, loose the gentlemen, or by my 
velvet arms, etc. 

1751. SMOLLETT, Peregrine Pickle, 
ch. xcvii. The CATCHPOLE, after a diligent 
search, had an opportunity of executing 
the writ upon the defendant. 

1859. SALA, Gaslight and Daylight, 
ch. xiii. You are brought there by a 
CATCHPOLE, and kept there under lock and 
key until your creditors are paid. 

CATCH THE WIND OF THE WORD, 

verbal phr. (Irish). To quickly 
understand the meaning of what is 
said. For synonyms, see TWIG. 

CATCHY, adj. (colloquial). Vulgar- 
ly or cheaply attractive ; of a 
quality to take the eye or ear ; 
easily caught and remembered 
(as a tune). Wrongly used in 
quot. 1885. 

1831. Frasers Mag., III., 679. A 
CATCHY, stage-like effect. [M.] 



1885. S. O. ADDY, in N. andQ., 6 S., 
xii., 143. This seemed to be like one of 
those CATCHY questions which examiners 
in law and history are said to ' stump ' the 
candidates. 



CATERPILLAR, subs, (old). A sol- 
dier. For synonyms, see MUD- 
CRUSHER. 

CATERWAUL, verb (colloquial). 
Properly to make a noise like 
cats at rutting time ; to woo, to 
'make love.' The quotations 
show the process of transition 
from the old figurative usage of 
the word, to be ' in heat,' ' to be 
lecherous,' to the current sense. 
For synonyms, see FIRKYTOODLE. 

1599. NASHE, Lenten Stuffe, in wks. 
V., 284. The friars and monks CATER- 
WAWLD from the abbots and priors to the 
novices. 

1700. CONGREVE, Way of the World, 
Act i., Sc. 9. An old aunt, who loves 
CATTERWAULING better than a conventicle. 

1771. SMOLLETT, Humphry Clinker, 
1. 64. I hope you have worked a reforma- 
tion among them [servant-maids], as I 
exhorted you in my last, and set their 
hearts upon better things than they can 
find in junketting and CATERWAULING 
with the fellows of the country. 

1884. HAWLEY SMART, Post to 
Finish, ch. xvii. From what I hear, you 
came to Riddleton fooling after my daugh- 
ter. Now, I'll have no CATERWAULING 
of that sort. 

CATEVER, subs. (common). A 
queer, or singular affair ; any- 
thing poor or bad. [From the 
Lingua Franca, and Italian cat- 
tivo, bad.] Variously spelled by 
the lower orders. Hotten. 

CATFISH DEATH, subs. (American). 
Suicide by drowning. 

c. 1889. Chicago Press [quoted by 
Barrere]. . . . driving his sweetheart to 
lunacy and a CATFISH DEATH, by his 
dime-museum freaks. 



Catgut- Scraper. 



Cat Market. 



CATGUT-SCRAPER, subs, (common). 
A fiddler. [From CATGUT, the 
material of which fiddle strings 
are made, + SCRAPER, one that 
rubs or scrapes. Sometimes 
simply SCRAPER or CATGUT ; the 
latter of which is also used to 
signify the music produced. Also 
ROSIN-THE-BOW and TEASER OF 
THE CATGUT. 

1633. MASSINGER, Guardian IV., ii. 
Wire-string and CATGUT, men and strong- 
breathed heautbois. [M.] 

1785. BURNS, Jolly Beggars. Her 
charms had struck a sturdy caird, As 
weel's a poor GUT-SCRAPER. 

1796. WOLCOT (' P. Pindar '), Tristia, 
wks. (1812) V., 267. Behold! the CAT- 
GUT-SCRAPER with his croud Commands 
at will the house of hospitality. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 21. Or they 
will call to the orchestra, saying, ' Now 
then you CATGUT-SCRAPERS ! Let's have 
a ha'purth of liveliness." 

CAT HARPING FASHION, adv. phr. 
(nautical). See quot. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
Drinking cross ways, and not as usual 
over the left thumb. 

CAT HEADS, subs. (old). The 
paps. For synonyms, see 
DAIRY. 

CATHEDRAL, subs. (Winchester Col- 
lege). A high hat. [So called 
because only worn when going 
to the Cathedral.] For syno- 
nyms, see GOLGOTHA. 

Adj. (old) Old-fashioned ; 
antique. 

1690. B. E., Dictionary Canting 
Crew. CATHEDRAL : old-fashioned, out 
of Date, Ancient. 

1755. JOHNSON. CATHEDRAL: in low 
phrase, antique, venerable, old. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. CATHEDRAL : old-fashioned, 
an old CATHEDRAL !jed*lcai1. chair, UL. 



CATHARINE PURITANS, subs. phr. 
(University). Members of St. 
Catharine's Hall, at Cambridge. 
[PURITAN from the pun on the 
words CATHARINE and KaOaipeiv 
= to purify.] They were also 
called DOVES (q.v.). 

CATHERINE HAYES, subs. (Austra- 
lian). See quot. [The deriva- 
tion may presumedly be traced 
to the immense popularity of the 
Irish singer at the antipodes.] 

1859. FRANK FOWLER, Southern 
Light and Shadows, p. 53. [A liquor con- 
sisting of] claret, sugar, and nutmeg. 

CAT'S, subs. (University). A short 
name for St. Catharine's Hall. 



CAT'S MEN, subs. (University). 
Members of St. Catharine's Hall 

CATHERINE WHEEL. Sfe CART- 
WHEEL. 

CAT-LAP, subs, (common). Thin 
potations of any sort, especially 
tea. Such a beverage being so feeble 
as to be only fit for women. For 
synonyms, see SCANDAL BROTH. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CAT-LAP : tea, called also scandal broth. 

1824. SCOTT, Redgatmtlet, ch. xiii. 
We have tea and coffee aboard . . . You 
are at the age to like such CATLAP. 

1864. M.E.BRADDON, Aurora Floyd ,^ 
ch. xvii. ' I've mashed the tea for 'ee,' 
said the 'softy'; 'I thought you'd like 
a coop.' The trainer shrugged his 
shoulders. ' I can't say I'm particular 
attached to the CAT-LAP,' he said, laughing. 

CAT- MARKET, subs, (common). A 
number of people all talkirg at 
once. ' You make a row like a 
CAT-MARKET' a general 'cater- 
wauling.' 



Cat- Match. 



57 



Cats and Dogs. 



CAT-MATCH, subs. (old). See quot. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vuig. Tongue. 
CAT MATCH : when a rook or cully is 
engaged amongst bad bowlers. 

CATOLLER or CATOLLA, subs. (old). 
A noisy, prating fellow. See 
quot. 

1832. PIERCE EGAN, Book of Sports, 
p. 70. [CATOLLA is given as a foolish, 
betting man.] 

CAT-O'-NINE-TAILS or CAT, subs. 
(common). A nine - lashed 
scourge now used for the punish- 
ment of criminals, but until 1 88 1 
the authorised means of punish- 
ment in the British army and 
navy. [From CAT, a beast with 
claws, + o' + NINE TAII s, the 
nine knotted lashes. History is 
against the view of some military 
authorities that the CAT-O'-NIXE- 
TAILS was a Batavian importation 
of William III., and that the 
word ' cat ' is derived from the 
Sclavonic kal, an executioner, or 
from katowae, to lash or torture. 
Another theory is that it was in- 
troduced at the time of the Ar- 
mada (1588), when vast numbers 
of these ' straunge whips ' were 
found in the captured ships of the 
Spaniards. A ballad of the period 
declares of the Spaniards that 

They made such whippes wherewith 
nc man Would seeme to strike a dogge ; 
So strengthened eke with brasen tagges 
. And filde so roughe and thinne, That they 
would force at every lash The bloud abroad 
to spinne. 

-This view is not inconsistent 
with the quotations, the first of 
which antedates the earliest 
given in the N.E.D. by thirty 
years.] In pri>on parlance the 
CAT-O'-NINE-TAILS is known as 

NUMBER ONE or the NINE-TAILED 

BRUISER (q.v.}, the birch as 

NUMBER TWO .^.)- 



1665. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. iii., p. 28 (1874). A CAT OF NINE- 
TAILS (as he called it) being so many 
small cords. 

1702. VANBRUGH, False Friend, 
prologue. You dread reformers of an 
impious age, You awful CAT-A-NINE TAILS 
to the stage. 

1748. SMOLLETT, Rod. Random, ch. 
v. ' I'll bring him to the gangway, and 
anoint him with a CAT-AND-NINE-TAILS.' 

1837. CARLYLE, Fr. Rev., pt. III.,bk. 
VII., ch. iii. Rash coalised kings, such 
a fire have ye kindled ; yourselves fireless, 
your fighters animated only by drill-ser- 
geants, mess-room moralities, and the 
drummer's CAT. 

CAT - PARTY ; also BITCH - PARTY, 

subs, (common). A party con- 
sisting entirely of women. [From 
CAT, a woman, + PARTY.] Cf., 
STAG-PARTY, and see HEN- 
PARTY for synonyms. 

CATS, subs, (commercial). Atlan- 
tic Seconds were formerly so- 
called for telegraphic purposes. 

CATS AND DOGS. To RAIN CATS 
AND DOGS, sometimes extended 

to AND PITCHFORKS AMJ 

SHOVELS, phr. (popular). To 
rain heavily. [The French cata- 
doupe, a waterfall, has been sug- 
gested as the origin. Another 
etymon has been found in the 
Greek Kara. S6%av in reference to 
the downpour being out of the 
common. Possibly Swift, who 
seems to have been the first to 
have used the expression, may 
have evolved it out of his own 
description of a city shower (1710). 

Now from all parts the swelling kennels 
flow, And bear their trophies with them as 
they go. . . . Drown'd puppies, stinking 
sprats, all drench'd in mud, Dead cats, 
and turnip-tops, come tumbling down the 
flood.] 

1738. SWIFT, Pol. Convers., dial. 2. 
I knbw Sir John will go, though he was 
sure it would rain CATS AND DOGS. 



Cats-Foot. 



Cats-Paw. 



1819 (Feb. 25). SHELLEY to PEACOCK, 
in Letters, etc. (Camelot), p. 264. After 
two months of cloudless serenity, it began 
raining CATS AND DOGS. 

1837. B ARM AM, /. L. (Blasphemers 
Warning). But it rains CATS AND DOGS 
and you're fairly wet through Ere you 
know where to turn, what to say, or to do. 

CAT'S FOOT. To LIVE UNDER THE 
CAT'S FOOT, phr. (old). To be 
under petticoat government ; 
hen - pecked. Cf., APRON 
STRING. See CAT'S-PAW. 

CAT'S HEAD, subs. (Winchester Col- 
lege). The end of a shoulder 
of mutton ; further explained by 
quotation. 

1870. MANSFIELD, School-Life at 
Winchester College, p. 84. His meal 
[dinner] took place at six o'clock p.m. in 
College (in Commoners' it was at one) ; it 
was ample in quantity, and excellent in 
quality. That of the Praefects was nicely 
served in joints, that of the Inferiors was 
divided into portions, (Dispars ; there 
were, if I remember rightly, six of these 
to a shoulder, and eight to a leg of mutton, 
the other joints being divided in like pro- 
portion. All these 'Dispars' had different 
names ; the thick slice out of the centre 
was called ' a Middle Cut,' that out of the 
shoulder a ' Fleshy,' the ribs ' Racks,' the 
loin. ' Long Dispars ' ; these were the best, 
the more indifferent were the end of the 
shoulder, or CAT'S HEAD, the breast, or 
1 Fat Flab,' etc., etc. 

CATS KIN -EARLS, subs, (parliamen- 
tary). The three senior earls in 
the House of Lords, viz., the 
Earls of Shrewsbury, Derby, and 
Huntingdon, the only three earl- 
doms before the seventeenth cen- 
tury now existing, save those that 
(like Arundel, Rutland, etc. ), are 
merged in higher titles, and the 
anomalous earldom of Devon 
(1553), resuscitated in 1831. [A 
correspondent of Notes and 
Queries (7 S. ix., p. 314) suggests 
that the reason of the application 
may be that in the seventeenth or 
late in the sixteenth century an 



order was issued for the use of 
ermine instead of the skin of cats 
(but were such skins then used ?) 
for the robes of a peer. If 
so, however, it is curious that 
there are not ' catskin dukes ' 
and ' catskin barons ' as well. 
There is yet another theory : an 
earl's robes consist (now) of but 
three rows of ermine ; but in 
some early representations they 
are shown with four, the same as 
(now) a duke ; and it has been 
suggested that these four rows 
(quatre -skins) may have given the 
name of catskin. ] 

1861-75. DEAN HOOK, Life of Car- 
dinal Pole, vide note, p. 264. The Earl 
of Huntingdon is one of the three CAT- 
SKIN EARLS of the present day. 

CAT'S-MEAT, subs, (common). 
The lungs. [The ' lights ' or 
lungs of animals are usually sold 
to feed cats.] 

CATSO, subs, and intj. (old). The 
penis. Murray says : ' Also 
CATZO. [a. It. cazzo = membrum 
virile. Also an exclamation, Cf. , 
the English ejaculation, BALLS ! 
Florio says : ' also as cazzica, in- 
terjection, "What ! God's me! 
God forbid ! tush ! " '] Frequent 
in seventeenth century in the 
Italian senses ; also = rogue, 
scamp, cullion. C/l, Fr. cut, 
couille and couillon as terms of 
contempt ; also see the later 
GADSO. 

CAT'S-PAW or CAT'S- FOOT, subs. 
(common). A dupe or tool. 
[A reference to the fable (Ber- 
trand et Raton] of a monkey 
using the paw of a cat, dog, or 
fox, to pull roasted chestnuts oft 
the fire, current in the sixteenth 
century, but varying considerably 
in details. The earliest printed 



Cat- Sticks. 



59 



Caulifloiver. 



version occurs in John Sambucus' 
Emblemata (Plantin, Antwerp, 
1564), where the sufferer is a dog, 
and not a cat. There is, how- 
ever, a story of the same kind 
told (Maiol. Coll. vii., scil Simon 
Maiolus, Astensis, Episcopus Vul- 
lurariensis, Dies Canicular es, h.e. 
Colloquia XXIII. , Physica, Col- 
log, vii., p. 249, Ursellis, 1600) of 
Pope Julius II., 1503-13 {see N. 
and Q., 6S., viii., 35.] 

[1657. M. HAWKE. Killing is mur- 
der. These he useth as the Monkey did 
the CAT'S PAW to scrape the nuts out of 
the fire.] 

1782. GEO. PARKER, Humorous 
Sketches, p. 140. They lug in Spain, to 
their assistance, a CAT'S-PAW made. 

1815. SCOTT, Guy Mannering, ch. 
Ivi. Sir Robert, who had rather begun to 
suspect that his plebeian neighbour had 
made a CAT'S-PAW of him, inclined his 
head stiffly. 

1878. M. E. BRADDON, Cloven Foot, 
ch. xli. He felt angry with himself for 
having been in some wise a CAT'S-PAW t'o 
serve the young man's malice. 

CAT-STICKS, subs. (old). Thin 
legs. [In comparison to the stick 
used by boys in the game of tip- 
cat.] For synonyms see DRUM- 
STICKS. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the 
Vulgar Tongue, s.v. 

CAT'S-WATER, subs, (common). 
Gin. [From CAT, a woman + 
WATER, a white liquid.] Cf., 
BITCHES' WINE = champagne. 
For synonyms, see DRINKS. 

CATTIE, adj. and adv. (printers'). 
An imperfect or ' smutty ' look on 
a printed sheet, caused by an oily 
or unclean roller. 



CATTING, verbal subs, (common). 
I. Vomiting. See CAT, verb. 



2. (venery). Running after 
loose women; MOLROWING (q.v.) 
for synonyms. 

1725. New Cant ing Dictionary. CAT- 
TING : whoring. 

CATTLE, subs, (common). A term 
of contempt applied to human 
beings. Cf., QUEER CATTLE, 
KITTLE CATTLE. The generic 
names of the lower creation are 
pretty generally used in such 
transferred senses ; e.g., QUEER 
FISH, DOWNY BIRD, PIGEON, 
ROOK, SAD DOG, etc. In Eng- 
land mostly employed dis- 
paragingly, but in the U.S.A. 
BUG here the name of one of 
the most offensive of vermin, but 
there the common term for all 
varieties of beetles is used in a 
good sense ; e.g., BIG BUG. 

1579. GOSSON, School of Abuse, p. 27 
(Arber's ed.). We have infinite Poets, 
and Pipers, and suche peeuishe CATTEL 
among vs in England e. 

1600. SHAKSPEARE, As You Like It, 
Act iii., Sc. 2, 435. Boyes and women 
are .... CATTLE of this colour. 

188(?) G. R. SIMS, Dagonet Ballads 
(' Moll Jarvis'). Queer CATTLE is women 
to deal with ? Lord bless ye, yer honour, 
they are ! 

[CATTLE is often used of horses. See 
Harrison Ainsworth's Rookwood: Have 
you any horses ? Our Cattle are all blown. 
Also Goldsmith's ' She Stoops to Conquer.'] 

CATTLE- BUG, subs. (American). 
See BUG, subs., sense 4. 

CAUDGE-PAWED, adj. (old). Left- 
handed. Grose. 

CAUGHT ON THE FLY, phr. (Ameri- 
can). ' Caught in the act.' .An 
equivalent of ' caught on the hop ' 
or 'hip.' Set HOP. 

CAULIFLOWER, subs. (old). i. A 
clerical wig supposed to resemble 



Caidk. 



60 



Caution, 



a cauliflower ; modish in the time 
of Queen Anne. 

2. (old). The female pu- 
dendum. For synonyms, see 
MONOSYLLABLE. 

3. (popular). The foaming 
head of a tankard of beer. In 
France, a glass of beer without 
any head is termed un bock sans 
linge or sans faux-col. 

1882. Dally Telegraph, Oct. 10, p. 
5, col. 4. This gave the porter a fine 
frothy or CAULIFLOWER head. [M.] 

4. (military). In plural. 
The Forty-seventh Regiment of 
Foot, so called from its white 
facings. It is also known as THE 
LANCASHIRE LADS from its county 
title. 

CAULK, subs, and verb (nautical). 
i. Sleep ; to sleep. In sub- 
stantive form it sometimes ap- 
pears as CAULKING. To CAULK 
formerly meant 'to pick out a 
soft plank,' i.e., to lie down on 
deck ; to sleep with one's clothes 
on. [Cf., BUNDLING.] 

1836. MARRYAT, Midshipman Easy, 
ch. xix. But it's no go with old Small- 
sole, if I want a bit of CAULK. 

18.il. Chambers Papers, No. 52, p. 
30. Sleeping upon deck is called, I know 
not why, CALKING 

2. Verb. To cease ; to shut 
up ; i.e., to stop one's talk or 
leave off talking. [This usage 
is obviously derived from the 
legitimate meaning of the word, 
to stop up crevices and seams.] 
For synonyms, see STOW IT. 

3. (common) . To copulate ; 
to do the 'act of kind.' For 
synonyms, see RIDE. 

CAULKER, subs, (common). i. A 
dram; a stiff glass of grog - 



generally applied to a finishing 
bumper. When this happens 
to be sherry and follows the 
drinking of red wines it is called 
a WHITEWASH (q.v.). [There 
are three suggested derivations : 
(i) that it is a punning reference 
to caulking, that which serves to 
keep out the wet ; (2) because 
such a draught takes a deal of 
swallowing ; and (3) that it is a 
corruption of CORKER (q.v. ), a 
regular stopper.] For synonyms, 
see Go. 

1808. J. MAYNE, Siller Gun, 89 
(Jam.). The magistrates wi' loyal din, 
Tak off their CAU'KERS. [M.] 

1836. M. SCOTT, Cruise of the Midge, 
ch vi. We . . . finished off with a 
CAULKER of good cognac. 

1849. C. KINGSLEY, Alton Locke, 
ch. xxi. 'Take a CAULKER? Summat 
heavy, then?' 

1871. A. FORBES, My Experiences of 
the War between France and Germany, 
II., p. 201. The Mobile officer joins us 
heartily in a CAULKER, and does not need 
to be pressed to take a little supper. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. viii. The CAULKER of rum 
served out under the break of the poop by 
the light of a bull's-eye lamp. 

2. (popular). A lie; any- 
thing surprising or incredible. 
For synonyms, see WHOPPER. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. xxxi. I also took care that she 
should never afterwards be able to charge 
me with having told her a real CAULKER. 



CAUTION, subs, (popular). A col- 
loquialism used both of men and 
things. Anything out of the 
common, or that conveys a warn- 
ing ; something wonderful or 
staggering ; something to be 
avoided. Anything that causes 
surprise, wonder, fear, or indeed 
any uncommon emotion, is a CAU- 
TION to this, that, or the other. 



Cautionary. 



6t 



Caviare. 



At Oxford in 1865 it was em- 
ployed to designate a * guy ' or 
' cure. ' 

1835. C. F. HOFFMAN, Winter in the 
West, p. 234. The way the icy blast 
would come down the bleak shore was a 

CAUTION. 

1853. WH. MF.LVILLE, Digby Grand, 
ch. ii. 'The way he cleaned out a 
southerner, a fine young Carolinian, who 
made a series of matches with him, was, 
as the Squire himself would have said, a 
CAUTION.' 

1861. WHYTE MELVILLE, Good for 
Nothing, ch. i. Such a clench of the 
slender hand and stamp of the slender foot 
as constitute what our American friends 
term a CAUTION. 

CAUTIONARY, adj. (American). 
Pertaining to that which is a 

CAUTION (q.V.). 

1843-4. HALIBURTON, Sam Slick in 
Rngland. Well, the way the cow cut dirt 
was CAUTIONARY ; she cleared stumps, 
ditches, windfalls, and everything. 

CAVAULTING or CAVOLTING, verbal 
subs. (old). Sexual intercourse. 
[From the Lingua Franca cavolta^ 
the equivalent of HORSING or 
RIDING, both of which are fre- 
quently used in the same sense. 
Italian cavaliero = a rake or de- 
bauchee.] Cf., CAVORT. For 
synonyms, see GREENS. 

CAVAULTING SCHOOL, subs, (old). 
A house of ill-fame. See CA- 
VAULTING, and for synonyms, see 
NANNY-SHOP. 

CAVE or CAVE \N,verb (American). 
To give way when opposition 
can no longer be maintained ; to 
break down ; to ' turn up.' [De- 
rived from the practice of navvies 
in digging earthworks, when the 
lower part is undei mined until it 
can no longer sustain the over- 
hanging mass. Murray says all 
the earliest instances of CAVE IN, 



in print, are from America, and 
its literary use appears to have 
arisen there ; but, as the word 
is given as East Anglian by 
Forby [1830], and is widely used 
in Eng. dialects, it is generally 
conjectured to have reached the 
U.S. from East Anglia.] The 
French has barrer ; the Spanish 
acomodarse ; and the Fourbesque 
battere. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. To 
knuckle under ; knock under ; 
give in ; sing small ; turn it up ; 
chuck it up ; jack up ; climb down 
(g.v. ), throwupthesporge; chuck 
it ; go down ; go out ; cut ii ; 
cut the rope (pugilistic), etc. 

1837-40. HALIBURTON, Sam Slick, 
Hum. Nat., 55 (Bartlett). He was a 
plucky fellow, and warn't a goin' to CAVE 
IN that way. 

1862. BROWN (' Artemus Ward '), His 
Book. I kin CAVE IN enny man's head 
that, etc. 

1869. S. L. CLEMENS (' Mark Twain '), 
Innocents at Home. In the meantime the 
tropical sun was beating down and 
threatening to CAVE the top of my head 

IN. 

1883. HAWLEY SMART, Hard Lines, 
ch. xxii. ' The Russians will CAVE when 
they find we are in earnest.' 

CAVE! intj. (Eton College). 
' Beware ! ' A byword among 
boys out of bounds when a master 
is in sight. [From the Latin. 
The modern, ' beware of the dog ' 
was rendered cave canem by the 
Romans. ] 

CAVIARE, subs, (literary). The 'ob- 
noxious matter ' blacked out ' by 
the Russian Press Censor. Every 
foreign periodical entering Russia 
is examined for objectionable 
references or ' irreligious ' matter, 
the removal whereof is accom- 
plished in 'two ways. If the 
articles or items are bulky, 



Cavort. 



62 



Caz. 



they are torn or cut out 
bodily. If they are brief, they 
are ' blacked out ' by means of a 
rectangular stamp about as wide 
as an ordinary newspaper column, 
and ' cross-hatched ' in such a 
way that, when inked and dabbed 
upon the paper, it makes a close 
network of white lines and black 
diamonds. The peculiar mottled 
or grained look of a page thus 
treated has suggested the attribu- 
tive CAVIARE : a memory of 
the look of the black salted 
caviare spread upon a slice of 
bread and butter. A verb has 
been formed from the noun, and 
every Russian now understands 
that ' to caviare ' = to 'black out.' 
Of course as long as the Russian 
Government permits the entry of 
letters without censorial exami- 
nation, any citizen of St. Peters- 
burg or Moscow can write to 
Berlin, Paris, or London, and ask 
to have cut out and forwarded in 
a sealed envelope either a particu- 
lar article that has been CAVI- 
ARED, or all articles relating to 
Russia that may appear in any 
specified newspaper or magazine. 

1890. St. J antes s Gaz.. 25 April, p. 7, 
col. i. Every one of Mr. Kennan's 
articles in the Century has been CAVIARED. 

CAVORT, verb (American). To 
prance ; to frisk ; to run or ride 
in a heedless or purposeless man- 
ner. [From the Lingua Franca 
cavolta prancing on horseback. 
Some, however, derive it from 
' curvetting ' = capering for show ; 
there are also, as possible sources, 
the Spanish cavar^ the pawing of 
a spirited horse ; and the French 
courbetter.~\ See CAVAULTING. 

1848. Major Jones s Courtship, 41 
(Bartlett). A whole gang . . . came 
ridin' up, and reinin' in, and pranciu', and 
CAVORTIN'. 



1883. BRET HARTE, In the Car- 
quinez Woods, ch. i. ' If we had'nt been 
CAVORTING round this yer spot for the 
last half-hour I'd swear there was a shanty 
not a hundred yards away/ said the 
sheriff. 

1889. Puck's Library, April, p. 12. 
Being an educated man, I feel ten 
thousand woes CAVORTING for the popu- 
lace In illustrated clothes. 

CAWBAWN. See COBBON. 

CAW HANDED, or CAW PAWED. 

Awkward; not dexterous, ready 
or nimble. Grose [1785]. 

CAXTON, stibs. (theatrical). A wig. 
[A corruption of CAXON, a kind 
of wig.] In Grose's time a CAXON 
signified an old weather-beaten 
wig. Cf.y CAULIFLOWER. 

CAYUSE, subs. (American). A nick- 
name given by Mormon girls to 
young ' Latter Day Saints ' : the 
* Yahoos ' of the Gentiles. 
[The CAYUSE is properly the 
common Indian pony. In 
explanation, it must be noted 
that there exists among 
Americans a passionate love of 
horses. A near and dear friend, 
an old companion, or men and 
women whose traits of character 
command respect and homage, 
are familiarly ' horses.' A dis- 
tinguished Kentuckian carried 
away by enthusiasm for Miss 
Kemble's acting, started to his 
feet, and with tremendous energy 
roared out, ' By heaven she's a 
" horse." '] See OLD HOG. 

CAZ, subs, (thieves'). Cheese. 
[See C ASS AN.] 

1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Dictionary. 
CAZ: cheese; 'As good as CAZ,' i.-, a 
phrase signifying that any projected fraud 
or robbery may be easily and certainly 
accomplished. 



Caze 



Cellar-Flap. 



CAZE, subs, (venery). The female 
pudendum. 

CEDAR, subs. (Eton College). I. 
A pair-oared boat inrigged, with- 
out canvas, and very 'crank.' 
[From the material.] 

2. (prison). A pencil. [This, 
like the foregoing, is derived from 
the wood of which both are 
made.] 

CELESTIAL POULTRY, subs, (popu- 
lar). Angels. [An allusion to 
the mythological wings of ' men 
out of the body.'] 

CELESTIALS, subs, (military). The 
Ninety-seventh Regiment of 
Foot. [So nicknamed from its 
facings of sky blue.] 

1856. Notes and Queries, 2 S., ii., 
p. 215. The 97th too is not mentioned by 
your correspondents as far as I have seen, 

the CELESTIALS. 

1871. Chambers' Journal, Dec. 23, 
p. 801. ' CELESTIALS ' the facings of the 
. . . corps being sky blue. 

2. sing, (common). A ' turn- 
up' or ' pug ' nose. For synonyms, 
see CONK. 

3. (colloquial). The Chinese. 
The Chinese Empire is spoken 
of as the Celestial Empire. 

CELLIER, subs. (old). An out-and- 
out, unmitigated lie. [A word of 
great interest, illustrating the 
temporary use for certain purposes 
of the name of a certain person, 
as in the cases of BURKE, BOY- 
COTT, BISHOP, and SALISBURY 
(q.v.\ The Meal-tub Plot in 
1680 was the concoction of 
Thomas Dangerfield and Eliza- 
beth Cellier, a Roman Catholic 
midwife. Forged documents 



which Dangerfield hid in 
Colonel Mansel's lodgings were 
upon his deposition found 
there by Government officers ; 
but the fraud was soon discovered, 
and Dangerfield was committed 
to Newgate. On his trial he 
endeavoured to throw the entire 
blame on Mrs. Cellier, and 
asserted that the original papers 
were all to be found in her house 
hidden in a meal tub. This 
turned out to be true, and Mrs. 
Cellier was committed to prison. 
On her trial she managed to 
prove that Dangerfield was wholly 
unworthy of credit, and her 
marvellous impudence and vigor- 
ous mendacity led to her own 
acquittal, and made her name 
for the time the equivalent of 
'an out-and-out lie.' After her 
trial she thanked the jurors for 
giving her a good deliverance, 
and offered to ' serve their ladies 
with the same fidelity in their 
deliveries.'] For synonyms, see 
WHOPPER. 

1 682. Popes Harbinger, p. 79. That's 
a CELIER, Sir, a modern and most proper 
phrase to signifie any Egregious Lye. 

CELLAR- FLAP, subs, (common). 
A step or dance performed 
within the compass of (say) a 
CELLAR-FLAP. The object of 
the Whitechapel artist in the 
dance is to achieve as many 
changes of step as possible with- 
out shifting his ground : his 
action being restricted to the feet 
and legs. An old equivalent is 
To CUT CAPERS ON A 
TRENCHER ; also DOUBLE- 
SHUFFLE (q.v.). 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 219. Others again would in- 
dulge in a breakdown, or CELLAR-FLAP 
dance, dreadfully to the discomfort of the 
men in the cells below. 



Cent. 



6 4 



Chaff. 



CENT. NOT WORTH A CENT, phr. 
See CARE and FIG. 

CENT PER CENT, subs, (common). 
A usurer. [Literally one who 
charges an exorbitant rate of 
interest, here symbolized as a 
hundred for every hundred. 
Quoted by Grose (1785).] For 
synonyms, see SIXTY PER CENT. 

CENTRE-OF-BLISS, subs, (common). 
The female pudendum. For 
synonyms, see MONOSYLLABLE. 

CENTURION, subs, (cricket). A 
batsman who scores a hundred 
runs. [From CENTURION, the 
commander of a ' century,' in the 
Roman Army.] 

1886. Graphic ', 31 July, p. 107, col. 2. 
Some other CENTURIONS have been 
Chatterton (108) for M.C.C., Shater (103, 
not out) for Trent. 

CENTURY, subs. (turf). A hundred 
pounds; or at cricket, etc., a 
score of a hundred. Originally 
a division of the Roman Army 
numbering 100 men. In English 
it was and is in common use to 
signify a group of a hundred. 
Shakspeare, in Cymbeline> iv., 
2, 391 [1611], writes a 
'CENTURY' of prayers. See also 
A. C. Swinburne, A Century of 
Rondels and W. E. Henley, 
A Century of A rtists ( 1 889). Cf. , 
MONKEY, PONY, etc. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 131. ' I'm open 
to a bet. I'll lay you an even CENTURY 
about Nimrod.' 

1869. Daily News, July 29. ' Police 
Court Report.' After this he said he 
searched the breeches pockets that were 
lying by the side of the bed, and took 
HALF A CENTURY worth of property from 
them. 

1883. Echo, Nov. i, p. 4, col. 2. 
Golding. . . . purchased Passaic from 
F. Archer for a CENTURY. 



1883. Graphic, August n, p. 138, 
col. 2. His batting this year has been of 
the highest order, as witnesses among his 
many good performances that against the 
Players, when he marked his CENTURY. 

CERT, subs, (sporting). A certainty, 
of which it is an abbrevia- 
tion. With special reference 
in racing circles to events looked 
upon as absolutely sure. Vari- 
ants are A DEAD, or MORAL, CER- 
TAINTY ; A DEAD 'UN ; and A 
MORAL. 

1859. Letter from EDWARD S. TAYLOR 
to John Camden Hotten, 22 Dec. This 
edition will sell to a DEAD CERTAINTY. 

1889. Man of the World, June 29. 
' Love-in-Idleness is bound to take the 
Rous Memorial, and I hear Pioneer is a 
CEKT. for the St. James's.' 

CERTAINTIES, subs, (printers'). 
Infants of the male sex. See 
UNCERTAINTIES. 



CHAFE, verb (old). To thrash 
soundly. [Chafe = 'to warm, ''to 
rub with the hand.' C/., 
ANOINT.] For synonyms, see 
TAN. 

1673. R. HEAD, Canting Acad., p. 36 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. CHAFED : well beaten. 

CHAFER, verb (common). To 
copulate. [Probably a corruption 
of CHAUVER.] For synonyms, see 
RIDE. 

CHAFF, subs. (colloquial). i. 
Ironical or sarcastic banter ; fool- 
ing ; humbug ; ridicule. [A word 
of uncertain derivation, which, 
except in two instances, both 
doubtful, does not appear in 
English literature, in either its 
substantive or its verbal form, 
before the beginning of the 
present century. Of the two the 
substantive seems to be the 



Chaff. 



Chaff-Cutter. 



earlier. If this be correct, 
Murray thinks it may have 
arisen from a figurative employ- 
ment of the orthodox word, in the 
sense of * refuse,' ' worthless 
matter,' etc., connected with 
which is the proverb ' an old bird 
is not caught with chaff.' On 
the other hand there is an Arabic 
wordya/or chaf, ' dry, withered ' 
(like the Greek irap^oc), used 
metaphorically and vulgarly in a 
sense similar to ' humbug. ' To 
CHAFF a man is vulgo, to humbug 
him ; for humbug, like chaff, is 
what may be scattered before the 
wind what is light, trivial, or 
unfounded an act of folly or 
knavery. See, however, verb, 
sense I.] 

[Murray in dealing with this word 
leads off his illustrative quotations with 
one (see quot. 1648) which he thinks may 
be uncertainly placed, as it may mean 
'scolding.' There is, however, another 
instance, which, though also uncertain, 
may be a link in the chain of evidence. 
In this case CHAFFING may bear its modern 
slang_ signification, though as has been 
said, it is open to another reading.] 

For synonyms, see GAMMON, 
sense I. 

164(?). The Downfall of C Taring- 
Cross. Percy Ballads, II., p. 327 [ed. 
1765]. Undone, undone, the Lawyers are, 
They wander about the towne, Nor find 
the way to Westminster, Now Charing- 
Cross is downe : At the end of the Strand 
they make a stand, Swearing they are at a 
loss, And CHAFFING say that's not the way, 
They must go by Charing-Cross 

1648. JENKYN, Blind Guide, iv., 76. 
You pretend to nothing but CHAFFE and 
scoffes. [M.] 

1821. The Fancy, vol. I., 250. He 
could not of course put up with CHAFF in 
the streets. 

1853. Diogenes, II., 79. ' Maxims 
for Cabmen ' If you want oats for your 
horses you must cease giving CHAFF to 
your passengers. 

1864. Athenaum, 29 Oct., No. 1931, 
p. 557, col. 3. Julius Caesar passed his 
boyhood in a vicious locality, where cant 
phrases abounded, but the latter are not 



recorded. We have heard of the Famee 
non nimium bonte puellte, Quales in media 
sedent Suburra but we hear only faint 
echoes of the CHAFF that was scattered 
thereupon by the passers-by. 

1890. Globe, Feb. 13, p. 5, col. 2. 
The extract you send to me from some 
letter from Lord Rosebery about the House 
of Lords looks to me very like CHAFF, and 
was probably intended as such. 

2. (Christ's Hospital). A 
small article or plaything, e.g., 
' a pocket CHAFF.' Connected 
with 'chattel,' 'chapman,' etc. 
Blanch. Cf., verbal (sense 2), 
adjectival, and interjectional 



Verb. i. To banter ; to jest ; 
to ' gammon ' or ' quiz. ' An 
analogous term formerly in use 
was QUEER (q.v.}. So al o 

CHAFFING and CHAFFINGLY. For 

synonyms, see GAMMON, sense I. 

1851. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab and Lon. 
Poor, I., p. 35. Though he's only twelve 
years old he'll CHAFF down a peeler so un- 
common severe that the only way to stop 
him is to take him in charge. 

1864. H. AIDE, Mr. and Mrs. Paul- 
conbridge, I., 279. ' Pshaw ! ' said Sir 
Richard, with a lofty good humour, ' Don't 
CHAFF your uncle, sir.' 

1889. T. MACKAY, on 'Shoeblacks,' 
in Times, Aug., p. 135. I have known 
courageous men who would rather try to 
CHAFF a bus driver than a shoeblack. 

2. (Christ's Hospital). To ex- 
change small articles. Cf. , subs. 
sense. 

1877. W. H. BLANCH, Blue-coat 
Boys, p. 96. CHAFF me your knife. 

Adj. (Christ's Hospital). 
Pleasant ; glad. Sometimes 
CHAFFY. Cf., subs., sense 2. 

Intj. (Christ's Hospital). An 
exclamation signifying joy or 
pleasure. 

CHAFF-CUTTER, subs. (old). A 
back-biter or slanderer. 

5 



Chaffer. 



65 



CJiairmarking. 



CHAFFER, subs, (colloquial). i. 
One given to chaffing. [From 

CHAFF (. 



1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Labour 
and London Poor, vol. I., p. 357. She 
was considered to be the best CHAFFER on 
the road ; not one of them could stand 
against her tongue. 

1877. Temple Bar, p. 536. An actor 
of very moderate abilities, and so remark- 
ably ^-favoured in person as to be the 
constant butt of the CHAFFERS in the pit. 

2. (popular). The mouth, 
[i.e., the organ of chaff, or 'ro- 
pery.'] For synonyms, see Po- 
TATO-TRAP. Also, the tongue. 

1821. W. T. MONCRIEFF, Tom and 
Jerry, Act ii., Sc. 3. Bob. Suppose we 
haves a drain o' heavy wet, just by way of 
cooling our CHAFFERS mine's as dry as a 
chip. 

1822. DAVID CAREY, Life in Paris, 
p. 194. For there you may damp your 
CHAFFER In fifty different ways. 

To MOISTEN ONE'S CHAFFER, 
phr. (common). To drink. [See 
CHAFFER, sense 2.] For syno- 
nyms, see LUSH. 

CHAFFING-CRIB, subs, (old). The 
place where a man receives his in- 
timates ; his ' den,' ' snuggery,' 
or * diggings.' [Cf., CHAFF. 
From CHAFFING, light talk, + 
CRIB, a place of sojourning.] For 
synonyms, see DIGGINGS. 

1821. MONCRIEFF, Tom and Jerry, 
Jerry. CHAFFING CRIB ! I'm at fault, 
coz, can't follow. Tom. My prattling 
parlour my head quarters, coz, where I 
unbend with my pals. 

CHAFFY, adj. (colloquial). Full of 
banter. [From CHAFF, sttbs., 

+ Y.] 

1889. Bird o' Freedom, Aug 7, p. 3. 
CHAFFY answers were all he got at first. 

CHAINED or CHAIN LIGHTNING, 

subs. (American). Whiskey of 
the vilest description a spirit 



' warranted to kill at forty rods.' 
Hence FORTY ROD LIGHTNING, 

STONE-FENCE, RAILROAD, ROT- 
GUT, and KILL - THE - CARTER 

(Scots). For synonyms, see 
DRINKS. In the Western States 
of America, what is known as 
forked lightning in England, is 
called CHAIN-LIGHTNING, from 
its forming a sequence of zig-zags. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms p. 
215. The worst of lickers, as the sign- 
boards often have it in unconscious irony, 
is called CHAIN-LIGHTNING, from its 
terrible strength and stunning effect. 

CHAIN-GANG, subs, (thieves'). 
Jewellers ; watch-chain makers. 
The French argot has un boguiste 
(thieves') and un chainiste. 

CHAIR. To PUT IN THE CHAIR, 
phr. (cab-drivers'). See quot. 

1864. Social Science Review, I., 408. 
A Justice's order is sufficient for the 
committal to prison of a cab hirer 
(driver) who will not or cannot pay. . . 
Some hirers who become inured to prison 
discipline and prison fare get altogether 
hardened, and boast of the number of 
owners whom they have PUT IN THE 
CHAIR or in polite English neglected to 
pay. 

CHAIRMARKING, verbal subs, (cab- 
owners'). Inserting the date in 
a cab-driver's licence in words 
instead of figures : or, endorsing 
it in an unusually bold, heavy 
hand : a hint to possible em- 
ployers that the holder is un- 
desirable. In other trades it is 
understood that an unexception- 
able character, with the adjectives 
carefully underlined, is to be read 
as implying just the opposite of 
what it appears to say. 

1890. Pall Mall Gazette, Sept. 15. 
A correspondent writes to protest against 
the heading 'A Cabman's Odxi Com- 
plaint,' which was given in these columns 
on Saturday to a paragraph concerning the 
CHAIR-MARKING of a licence. 



Chaldese. 



Chalk. 



CHALDESE, verb (old). To trick, 
cheat, or take in.' [Thought to 
be from ' Chaldee,' in allusion to 
astrology. Cf., to JEW.] For 
synonyms, see STICK. 

16(54. BUTLER, Hudibras, II., iii., 
ioio. He stole your cloak and pick'd 
your pocket, Chows'd and CALDES'D you 
like a blockhead. 

1680. Rem. (1759), I., 24. Asham'd, 
that Men so grave and wise, Should be 
CHALDES'D by Gnats and Flies. [M ] 

1697. DENNIS, Plot and No Plot, I. 
I CALDES'D a Judge while he was taking 
my Depositions. [M.] 

CHALK, subs, (colloquial). i. A 
score, reckoning ; and (in a more 
decidedly slang sense) BY CHALKS, 

MANY CHALKS, LONG CHALKS, 

etc., i.e., ' degrees ' or ' marks ' ; 
also 'credit,' ^or 'tick.' Cf. t 
CLOCK STOPPED. 

1529. SKELTON, El. Rummyng, 613. 
We're fayne with a CHALKE To score on 
the balke. [M.] 

1592. NASHE, P. Penilesse, B j b. 
Hee that hath no money must goe and 
dine with Sir John best betrust, at the 
signe of the CHALKE and the Post. 

1634. S. R., Noble Soldier, v., 3, in 
TJullen's O. PI., I., 333. There's hsse 
CHALKE upon you[r] score of sinnes. [M.] 

1704. T. BROWN, Lat. on Fr. King, 
wks. (1730) I., 60. I trespassed most 
enormously in CHALK. [M.] 

1719. D/URFEY, Pills (1872), I., 270. 
This wheedling talk you fancy will rub 
out my CHALK. 

1838-40. HALIBURTON, The Clock- 
maker (ed. 1862), p. 102. They reckon 
themselves here a CHALK above us 
Yankees . . . 

1864-5. EDMUND YATES, Broken to 
Harness, I., p. 174. ' Can you say that I 
have deceived or thrown you over in any 
way? Never!' 'Thank God for that! 1 
says the girl, with some bitterness ; ' for 
that's a CHALK in my favor, at least.' 

2. (nautical). A scratch or 
scar. Cf., verb, sense 2, and 
CHALKERS, sense i. 

1840. MARRYAT, Poor Jack, vi. I 

got this CHALK. 



Adj. (turf). Unknown or in- 
competent. [From the practice 
at race-meetings of keeping blank 
slides at the telegraph board on 
which the names of new jockeys 
can be inscribed in chalk, while 
the names of well-known men are 
usually painted or printed in 
permanent characters. The for- 
mer were called CHALK-jockeys, 
and the general public argued that 
they were incompetent, being un- 
known. ] 

Verb (old). r. To score up, or 
tick off, in chalk, a material at one 
time handier than pen-and-ink. 
Subsequently in pugilistic circles 
merit marks, etc., were made with 
the same. 

2. (nautical). To make one 
' stand treat ' or ' pay his footing.' 
If an old hand succeeds in CHALK- 
ING the shoes of a green hand, 
the latter has to ' stand drinks 
all round.' 



3. (thieves'). To strike, 
CHALKERS, sense i. 



C/., 



1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, ch. 
xvii. (II., p. 84). CHALK him across the 
peepers with your cheery [which, trans- 
lated, means slash him over the eyes with 
your dagger]. 

TO CHALK UP, or TO CHALK IT 

UP, phr. (common). To credit, 
or take credit ; to put to one's 
account. 

1597. T.st Pt. Return Parnass., I., i., 
451. All my debts stande CHAUKT UPON 
the poste for liquor. [M.] 

1611. CHAPMAN, May-Day, Act t., p. 
278 (Plays, 1874). Faith, sir, she [hostess] 
has CHALKED UP twenty shillings already, 
and swears she will CHALK no more. 

1843. Punch's Almanack, Jan. . . . 
' When you wish for beer resort freely to 
the CHALK, and go on, getting as much as 
you can upon this principle, until it 
becomes unproductive, when you may try 
it in another quarter.' 



Chalk. 



68 



Chalkers. 



TO BEAT BY LONG Or MANY 

CHALKS, phr. (common). To 
beat thoroughly ; to show appre- 
ciable superiority. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, Ingoldsby 
Legends (ed. 1862), p. 447. Still Sir 
Alured's steed was BY LONG CHALKS the 
best Of the party, and very soon distanced 
the rest. 

1838-40. HALIBURTON, The Clock- 
maker^ p. 26 (ed. 1826). 'Yes,' says he, 
' your factories down East beat all natur ; 
they go ahead on the English a LONG 
CHALK.' 

1856. C. BRONTE, Professor, ch. iii. 
1 You are not as fine a fellow as your 
plebeian brother BY A LONG CHALK/ 

1883. GRENVILLE MURRAY, People I 
Have Met, p. 133. The finest thing in 
the world ; or, as he himself would have 
expressed it, ' the best thing out BY MANY 

CHALKS.' 

TO WALK Or STUMP ONE'S 
CHALKS, phr. (popular). To 
move or run away ; to be off. 
[Said to be a corruption of 'walk ! 
you're chalked,' the origin of 
which is found in the ancient prac- 
tice of lodgings for the royal re- 
tinue being taken arbitrarily by 
the marshal and sergeant-cham- 
berlain, when the inmates were 
sent to the right about, and their 
houses designated by a chalk mark. 
When Mary de Medicis came to 
England in 1638, Sieur de Labat 
was employed to mark * all sorts of 
houses commodious for her re- 
tinue in Colchester.' The same 
custom is referred to in the Life 
and Acts of Sir William Wallace, 
To STUMP (q.v.} = io go on foot.] 
For synonyms, see AMPUTATE. 

1840. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, 38., 
ch. xi. ' The way she WALKS HER CHALKS 
ain't no matter. She is a regular fore-and- 
after.' 

1843. Comic Almanack, p. 366. And 
since my future walk's chalk'd out at 

Once I'll WALK MY CHALKS. 

187 1 . DE VERB, A mericanisms, p. 3 18. 
The President, in whom he is dis- 
appointed for one reason or another, does 



not come up to chalk ; when he dis- 
misses an official, he is made to WALK THE 
CHALK. 

TO BE ABLE TO WALK A CHALK, 

fhr. (popular). To be sober. 
The ordeal on board ship of 
trying men suspected of drunken- 
ness is to make them walk along 
a line chalked on the deck, with- 
out deviating to right or left. C/., 
MAKING CHALKS and TOE THE 
LINE (q.v.}.'] 

MAKING CHALKS, phr. (nauti- 
cal cadets'). A term connected 
with the punishment of boys on 
board ship, and in the Royal 
Naval School. Two chalk lines 
are drawn wide apart on the 
deck or floor, and the boy to be 
punished places a foot on each 
of these lines, and stoops, there- 
by presenting a convenient sec- 
tion of his person to the boat- 
swain or master. 

TO CHALK THE LAMP-POST, 
phr. (American). To bribe. 
For synonyms, see GREASE THE 

PALM. 

1857. Boston Post, March 5. CHALK- 
ING THE LAMP POST. ' The term for 
bribery in Philadelphia.' 

There are other expressions 
connected with chalk, such as 
' to know chalk from cheese,' 
'to chalk out,' etc., but these 
hardly find a place here. 

CHALKERS, subs. (old). i. Men of 
wit in Ireland, who in the night 
amuse themselves with cutting 
inoffensive passengers across the 
face with a knife. They are 
somewhat like those facetious 
gentlemen, some time ago known 
in England by the title of 
sweaters and mohocks. Grose. 
See Ireland Sixty I ears Since 
(p. IS)- 



Chalk-Farm. 



69 



Chance. 



2. sing, (common). A London 
milkman. See quot. [One who 
mixes with chalk an obvious 
innuendo.] Cf., Cow WITH THE 
IRON TAIL and SIMPSON'S cow. 

1865. Daily Telegraph, Sept. 7 (?). 
It is an ominous fact that London milk- 
men are known in the vocabulary of slang 
as CHALKERS. 

CHALK- FARM ,subs. (rhyming-slang). 
The arm. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Bender; 
hoop-stick ; h'n ; daddle. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. L'anse 
( popular : in old French cant 
ause signified the * ear ') ; les 
allumettes (popular : ' the arms'); 
l\a^aile or 1\e^ aileron (popu- 
lar : in the Fourbesque aid) ; 
les nageoires (plural). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Ala (' a 
wing ') ; barbacana (literally a 
kind of advanced fortification) ; 
tarentule (the Italian has taran- 
tella, ' a spider 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Bracio ; 
remo (properly ' an oar '). 

CHALK-HEAD, subs. (old). A nick- 
name for a person with a ' good 
head for figures.' Waiters in 
London are very commonly so 
called. See quot. 1861. [From 
the ' chalks ' or score formerly 
marked up behind a tavern bar, 
the 'tally' being 'kept in the 
head ' instead of being ' chalked 
up ' on a board or slate. ] 

1856. Punch, vol. XXXI., p. 134. 
Billy. You see, Billy, my heddication 
war summat neglected, and I haven't got 
the nateral adwantage of a good CHALK - 
HEAD. 

1861. Punch, vol. XLL, p. 129. 
Among tavern waiters a ready reckoner 
is called a good CHALK-HEAD. 



CHAM or CHAM MY, subs, (popular). 

An abbreviation of ' cham- 
pagne.' For synonyms, see 
DRINKS. Cf., BOY. 

1871. All the Year Round, Feb. 18, 
p. 285. ' Let's have glasses round. Come 
and have a bottle of CHAM.' 

CHAMBER OF HORRORS, subs. phr. 

I . (parliamentary). The 
Peeresses' Gallery in the House 
of Lords. Cf., CAGE, sense 4. 

1876. Daily News. There could be 
no doubt as to the inconvenience, the 
gallery being generally known as the 
CHAMBER OF HORRORS. 

2. In plural (common). 
Sausages. [From the possibility 
of adulteration in this species 

of food. Also BAGS OF 

MYSTERY, and SHARP'S ALLEY 
BLOODWORMS.] In Fourbesque, 
carbonata. 



CHAMMING, roro/.r&r. (common). 
Indulgence in champagne. 
[From CHAM, -verb (on the model 
of 'to wine,' ' to beer,' etc.), to 
drink champagne, + ING.] 

CHANCE. To HAVE AN EYE TO THE 
MAIN CHANCE, phr. (colloquial). 
To keep in view that which will 
result in advantage, interest or 
gain. [Thought to have origin- 
ated in the phraseology of the 
game of hazard.] Murray, quot- 
ing from the Diet. Cant. Crew t 
says that ' to have an eye to 
the main chance' was a 
cant phrase in 1699, and that 
the expression still partakes of 
the character. All the quota- 
tions given in the N.E.D. prior 
to 1699, illustrate a simpler 
form of the colloquialism, such 
as to ' stand to the main chance,' 
but it will be seen that TO HAVE 

AN EYE TO THE MAIN CHANCE 

is more than a hundred years 
older. 



Cluuicer. 



70 



Change. 



1609. JONSON, Case is Altered, IV., 
4. Juniper, to the door ; AN EYE TO THE 
MAIN CHANCE. \_Retnoves the dung, and 
sheivs him the gold.] 

1693. DRYDEN, Persius, VI., 158. 
Be careful still of the MAIN CHANCE, my 
son ; Put out the principal in trusty 
hands. 

1711. Spectator, No. 196. I am very 
young, and yet no one in the world, dear 
sir, has the MAIN CHANCE more in HER 
HEAD than myself. 

1844. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzleiuit, 
ch. xviii., p. 190. 'Was it politics? Or 
was it the price of stock?' ' The MAIN 
CHANCED Mr. Jonas, the MAIN CHANCE, I 
suspect. 

CHANGER, subs, (tailors'). A liar. 
Also an incompetent workman: 
i.e., one who * chances ' what he 
cannot do. 

CHANCERY. IN CHANCERY, adv. 
phr. (common). 'To have or get 
your man in chancery ' is to get 
his head under your left arm so 
that you can FIB (q.v.) him with 
your right until he gets it out, or 
you GO TO GRASS (q.v.} together. 
Primarily pugilistic. Figuratively 
the expression = in a parlous case,; 
in an awkward fix. The French 
have adopted the phrases meltre 
en chancellerie and coup ae chan- 
cel Jerie which are almost literal 
translations. 

1819. THOMAS MOORE, Tom Crib's 
Memorial to Congress, p. 77. Lord 
St-w-rt's a hero (as many suppose) and the 
Lady he woos is a rich and a rare one ; 
his heart ib IN CHANCERY, every one 
knows, and so would his head be, if thou 
wert his fair one. 

1845. Punch, vol. IX., p. 9. ' Lord 
Brougham's Handbook for Political Box- 
ing ' Getting the nob INTO CHANCERY 
is a fine achievement, I once got several 
nobs INTO CHANCERY : and I certainly 
gave several of them severe punishment. 
This CHANCERY manoeuvre has been a 
capital thing for me. 

1860. Chambers Journal, vol. XIII., 
p. 15. Marsden suffered him to approach 
within distance, dashed his outstretched 



arms away, and received his transatlantic 
head INTO CHANCERY. 

1883. Daily News, g Mar., p. 3, col. 7. 
Thinking the man was a burglar he rode 
up to assist, and saw the constable hold- 
ing Burtenshaw, and striking him. The 
constable had the prisoner IN CHANCERY. 

CHANCE THE DUCKS, phr. (com- 
mon). An expression signitying 
'come what may.' [From the 
colloquial use of CHANCE, to risk, 
or take one's chance of + DUCKS 
(q.v.}, probably a pleonasm. Cf., 
PLEASE THE PIGS. 

1886. T. RATCLIFFE, in N.andQ., 
7 S., i., 108. An' CHANCE THE DUCKS 
this when a man makes up his mind to a 
risky venture. He will say, ' I'll do it, 
an' CHANCE TH' DUCKS." 

CHANCE YOUR ARM,//&r. (tailors'). 
' Chance it ! ' ' Try it on ! ' 
etc. [See CHANCE THE DUCKS, 
of which it seems a variant.] 

CHANEY-EYED, adj. (common). 
One-eyed. [From CHANEY, a 
corruption of ' China ' or 
* Chinese ' ; hence, eyes as small 
as those of the Celestials.] Cf., 
SQUINNY-EYED. 

CHANGE. This word, in the sense 
of coins of one denomination 
given in exchange for those of 
another is responsible for several 
expressive colloquialisms. 

To GIVE CHANGE, phr. (com- 
mon). To ' pay out ' ; to give 
one his deserts. Cf., To TAKE 
ONE'S CHANGE OUT OF. 

TO HAVE ALL ONE'S CHANGE 
ABOUT ONE, phr. (common). 
To be clever ; quick-witted ; 
quite ' compos mentis ' ; with 
' twelve pence to the shilling 
about one.' 

TO PUT THE CHANGE ON, phr. 
(old). To deceive, or mislead. 



CJiange. 



Change. 



Apparently for a long time a 
contemporary variant of TO 

RING THE CHANGES. 

1667. DRYDEN, Sir Martin Marr-all, 
Act ii. Warn. ... By this light, she 

has PUT THE CHANGE UPON HIM ! O, 

sweet womankind ! how I love thee for 
that heavenly gift of lying ! 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. xvi., p. 168 (1874). The box-keeper 
shall walk off, pretending some speedy 
dispatch of a business concerning the 
House of Office, etc., whilst your antago- 
nist Shall PUT THE CHANGE UPON YOU. 

1694. CONGREVE, Double Dealer, v., 
17. I have so contriv'd that Mellefont 
will presently, in the chaplain's habit, 
wait for Cynthia in your dressing-room ; 
but I have PUT THE CHANGE UPON her, 
that she may be otherwise employed. 

1821. SCOTT, Keniliuorth, ch. iii. 
You cannot PUT THE CHANGE ON me so 
easy as you think, for I have lived among 
the quick-stirring spirits of the age too 
long to swallow chaff for grain. 

TO RING THE CHANGES, phr. 

(common). To change a better 
article for a worse. [An allusion 
to bell-ringing where it signifies 
to exhaust the combinations of a 
peal of bells.] In its slang 
sense TO RING THE CHANGES 
chiefly refers to the passing of 
counterfeit money. As thus : 
4 About five weeks ago, the 
prisoner went into a tobacconist's 
shop in Cheapside, and pur- 
chased a cheroot, tendering a 
sovereign in payment. The 
prosecutor, Mr. Elkin, gave him 
the change, half-a-sovereign and 
95. 6d. silver. The prisoner 
said he did not want to distress 
him by taking away all his silver, 
and asked for another half 
sovereign. The prosecutor put 
down half-a-sovereign, which 
the prisoner took up, and the 
latter then said that if he re- 
turned the sovereign, he would 
give him back the change, and 
the prosecutor, taken off his 
guard, did so, and received the 



first half sovereign and the 
95. 6d. in silver, the prisoner 
walking out of the shop with the 
second half sovereign.' 

1661. Hist. ofEng . Rebellion in Harl. 
Misc. (ed. Park), II., 528. Five months 
ago, our mighty States Were pleas'd to 
vote No King ; But two months since, to 
act new cheats, Their votes the CHANGES 
RING. 

1760. SMOLLETT, SirL. Graves, vol. 
I., ch. x. Hugging in and RINGING OUT 
THE CHANGES on the balance of power, 
the Protestant religion, and your allies on 
the Continent. 

1828. JON. BEE, Picture of London, 
p. 232. He found one piece [of muslin] 
that was indeed real India, bargained for 
and bought it, amidst continued attempts to 
shuffle it between others, for the purpose 
of RINGING THE CHANGES, as they term 
the nefarious act. 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 234. Nothing easier than for 
some man to have slipped out of bed, 
night or day, and RUNG THE CHANGES 
of the bottles. 

1880. HAWLEY SMART, Social Sin- 
ners, ch. xli. The culprit had been guilty 
of RINGING THE CHANGES or other petty 
larceny. 

TO TAKE THE CHANGE OUT 
OF [a person or thing], fhr. 
(common). To be revenged 
upon ; to take an equivalent, or 
quid pro quo. Frequently used 
inierjectionally TAKE YOUR 

CHANGE OUT OF THAT ! With 

a blow or other rejoinder. An 
analogous expression is PUT 

THAT IN YOUR PIPE AND SMOKE 
IT ! 

1829. JOHN WILSON, Noctes Ami'., 
wks. II., 174. Shepherd (flinging a purse 
of gold on the table). It'll require a gey 
strang thaw to melt that, chiels ; sae TAK 

YOUR CHANGE OUT O* THAT, 3S Joseph 

[Hume] says, either in champagne, or 
jile .... just whatsumever you like to 
devour best. 

1838. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, 2 
S., ch. viii. 'Thinks I to myself, TAKR 
YOUR CHANGE ^OUT o' THAT, young man, 
will you?' 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. xi. If his ammunition be 



1 



Change-Bags. 



Chanter. 



exhausted he betakes himself to the 
bayonet, and swears ' the beggars may 

TAKE THEIR CHANGE OUT OF THAT. 

1861. H. KINGSLEY, Ravenshoe, ch. 
xlvi. Turn Lady Ascot once fairly to 
bay, you would (if you can forgive slang) 

GET VERY LITTLE CHANGE OUT OF HER. 

1863. H. KINGSLEY, Austin Elliott, 
I., 185. Cabman, log: ' I never said no- 
think to you, but without provocation 
you tell me to go to Putney. Now, I 
tell you what it is, I 'm blessed if I don 't 
go, and you may TAKE YOUR CHANGE 
OUT OF THAT!' And go he did. \Cf., 
'Go TO PUTNEY' (q.v.).} 

QUICK CHANGE ARTISTE. Sllbs. 

(music hall). A performer, male 
or female, who sings one song in 
one costume, retires for a few 
seconds and returns to sing 
another in another guise, and so 



CHANGE-BAGS, subs. (Eton). 
Grey flannel trousers for cricket, 
and knickerbockers for football. 

CHANGE ONE'S NOTE or TUNE, 

verbal phr. (colloquial). To 
pass from laughter to tears, or from 
arrogance to humility; to alter 
one's mode ot speech, behaviour, 
etc. Cf. , CHANGE YOUR BREATH 
(q.v. under BREATH). 

1578. Scot. Poems, i6th c. (1808), II. 
185. Priestes CHANGE YOUR TUNE. [M.] 

1708. MOTTEUX, Rabelais, V., ix. 
I'll make him CHANGE HIS NOTE presently. 

CHANGE YOUR BREATH. See 
BREATH. 

CHANT or CHAUNT, subs. (old). 
I. See quots. 

1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Dictionary. 
CHAUNT: a song . . . To throw off a rum 
CHAUNT is to sing a good song. 

1882. Daily Telegraph, 19 Oct., p 5, 
col. 2. To troll his jovial CHAUNTS . . . 
in a tavern-parlour. [M.] 

2. (old). See quots. 



1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Diet. 
CHAUNT : (a person's) name, address, or 
designation ; . . . a cipher, initials, or 
mark of any kind, on a piece of plate, 
iinen, or other article ; anything so marked 
is said to be CHANTED ... an adver- 
tisement in a newspaper or handbill, etc. 

1824. Compl. Hist. Murder Mr. 
Weare. 258. ' We may as well look and 
see if ther?. is any CHAUNT about the 
money' and they examined the four 
notes, but there were no marks upon 
rtiem. [M.] 

Verb (old). i. To talk ; 
sing ; relate the praises of ; to 
' cry ' or ' crack up. * Street pat- 
terers and vendors CHANT their 
songs and wares, oftentimes to an 
extent not warranted by their 
quality : hence sense 2. An 
equivalent amongst French thieves 
is pousser la goualante. 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, I., p. 240. A running 
patterer . . . who also occasionally 
CHAUNTS. 

2. (common). To sell a horse 
by fraudulent representations. 
[Apparently an extended usage of 
sense I 'to cry ' or ' crack up.'] 
Fr. , enrosser to dissemble a 
horse's faults. 

1816. Sporting Mag azine,vo\. XLIX., 
p. 305. A number of frauds have been 
practised lately in the disposal of horses 
... by a gang of ... swindlers, who 
technically call it CHAUNTING horses. 

182o. English Spy, vol. I., pp. 199, 
200. Here a church militant is seen 
Who'd rather fight than preach, I ween, 
Once major now a parson ; With one leg 
in the grave he'll laugh, CHANT up a 
prad, or quaintly chaff To keep life's 
pleasant farce on. 

1860. THACKERAY, Philip* ch. xx. 
You may as well say that horses are sold 
in heaven, which, as you know, are 
groomed, are doctored, are CHANTED on 
to the market, and warranted by dexterous 
horse-vendors as possessing every quality 
of blood, pace, temper, age. 

CHANTER (generally HORSE-CHAN- 
TER), subs, (common). I. A 
horse -jdealer who disposes of 



Chantey. 



73 



Chanting. 



horses by means of fradulent 
representations. 

1821. W T. MONCRIEFF, Tom and 
Jerry, Act. i., Sc. 6. Grooms, Jockies, 
and CHAUNTERS, to Tattersall's bring. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, xlii., 365. 
' He was a HORSE-CHAUNTER : he's a leg 
now.' 

1845. W. M. THACKERAY, Miscel- 
lanies, !!.(' Leg. of the Rhine'), p. 88. He 
is a cogger of dice, a CHANTER of horse- 
flesh. 

1857. DICKENS, Dorrit, bk. I., ch. 
xii., 88. The Plaintiff was a CHAUNTER 
meaning, not a singer of anthems, but 
a seller oi horses. 

1884. Daily News, August 23, p. 5, 
col. i. It is for the CHANTER and his 
attendant bonnet, who officiates as groom, 
to place the stock. 

1890. W. E. HENLEY. Views and 
Reviews, p. 137. An apple woman to 
mystify, a horse-CHANTER to swindle, a 
pugilist to study, etc., etc. 

2. (vagrants'). A street pat- 
terer. More commonly spelt 

CHAUNTER (q.V.). 

3. (Scots), The penis. 

CHANTEY or SHANTY, subs, (nauti- 
cal). A song sung by sailors at 
their work. See CHANTEY-MAN. 
[Obviously a diminutive of 
CHANT, a song.] 

1869. Chambers' Journal, n Dec., 
pp. 794-6. [Article on ' Sailors' SHANTIES 
and Sea-Songs.'] 

1883. W. CLARK RUSSELL, Sailors' 
Language, preface, xi. But the lack of 
variety is no obstruction to the sailor's 
poetical inspiration when he wants the 
' old man ' to know his private opinions 
without expressing them to his face, and 
so the same CHANTEY, as the windlass or 
halliard chorus is called, furnishes the 
music to as many various indignant re- 
monstrances as Jack can find injuries to 
sing about. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. iii. ' Then give us one of the 
old CHANTEYS,' exclaimed my uncle. 
'Haul the Bowline,' or 'Whiskey, 
Johnny.' 



CHANTEY-MAN, subs, (nautical). 
A singer of CHANTLYS (q.v.). 

1887. Saturday Review, 27 August. 
A shanty, or, as pedants call it, 'chanty,' 
is a song sung by sailors at their work. 
The music is 'to a certain extent 
traditional, ' the words which are 
commonly unfit for ears polite are 
traditional likewise. The words and 
music are divided into two parts the 
' shanty ' proper, which is delivered by a 
single voice, with or without a fiddle 
obligato, and the refrain and chorus, 
which are sung with much straining and 
tugging, and with peculiar breaks and 
strange and melancholy stresses, by a 
number of men engaged in the actual 
performance of some piece of bodily labour. 
The manner is this. We will suppose for 
instance, that what is wanted is an anchor 
song. The fugleman takes his stand, 
fiddle in hand, and strikes up the melody 
of ' Away Down Rio." Then, everything 
being ready, he pipes out a single line of 
the song, and the working party, with a 
strong pull at the capstan-bars, answers 
with a long-drawn ''Away Down Rio. 
He sings a second verse, and this is 
followed by the full strength of the 
chorus. . . . And so on, through 
stave after stave, till the anchor's 
weighed, and, the work being done, the 
need for song is gone by. 

1890. W. E, HENLEY. Views and 
Reviews, p. 153. He goes down to the 
docks and loiters among the galiots and 
brigantines ; he hears the melancholy 
song of the CHANTEY-MAN. 

CHANTIE, subs. (Scots). A 
chamber - pot. For synonyms, 
see IT. 

CHANTiNG(more commonly HORSE- 
CHANTING), verbal subs, (com- 
mon). i. Tricking into the 
purchase of unsound or vicious 
horses. 

1825. English Spy, vol. I., pp. 199, 
200. The servant was a confederate, and 
the whole affair nothing more than a true 
orthodox farce of HORSE-CHAUNTING got 
up for the express purpose of raising a 
temporary supply. 

1870-2. Gallery of Comicalities. If 
I have got an -'orse to sell, You'll never 
find that Dick is wanting ; There's few 
that try it on so well, Or beat me at a bit 

Of CHAUNT1NG. 



Chapel of Ease. 



Chariot 



2. (vagrants'). Street ballad- 
singing. 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, I., p. 297. There is a class 
of ballads, which may with perfect pro- 
priety be called street ballads, as they are 
written by street authors for street singing 
(or CHAUNTING) and street sale. 

1883. Daily Telegraph, Feb, 8, p. 3, 
col. i. '.The bitterest sort of weather is 
their [cadgers'] weather, and it doesn't 
matter if it's house - to - house work or 
CHANTING, or mud-plunging, it's cold 
work.' 

CHAPEL or CHAPEL OF EASE, subs. 
(common). A water-closet. For 
synonyms, see BURY A QUAKER 
and MRS. JONES. 

CHAPEL OF LITTLE EASE, subs. 
phr. (thieves') The police sta- 
tion or cells. 

1871. Daily Telegraph, 27 Jan. [See 
short leader ; also 25 Jan.] 

1889. Answers, 9 Feb. A fourth 
kind of torture was a cell called LITTLE 
EASE. It was of so small dimensions, and 
so constructed, that the prisoner could 
neither stand, walk, sit, nor lie in it at full 
length. He was compelled to draw him- 
self up in a squatting posture, and so 
remain during several days. 

CHAPPED or CHAPT,///- a(l j- (old). 
Parched ; ' dry ' ; thirsty. 
[From CHAP, to crack (as the 
lips) from want of moisture, + 
ED.] 

1673. R. HEAD, Canting Acad., 37. 
CHAP'D, Dry, or Thirsty. 

1725. New Canting- Dictionary, s.v. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CHAPT : dry or thirsty. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

CHAPPIE or CHAPPY, subs. 
(familiar). The latest (1890) 
variety of man about town ; a 
term of intimacy. [From CHAP, 
a chum, + IE, a diminutive.] 
For synonyms, see DANDY. 

1882. Punch, vol. LXXXII., p. 69, 
col. i. I'll sing you a fine new song, all 



about a fine young spark, Who's a fine 
young London gentleman, quite up to ?ny 
lark, Who takes supper very early, and 
breakfasts in the dark ; Who's a real 'dear 
old CHAPPIE,' as I needn't perhaps remark. 

1883. G. A. S[ALA], in Illustr. Lon- 
don News, March 24, p. 290, col. i. Lord 
Boodle, a rapid CHAPPIE always ready to 
bet on everything with anybody. 

CHARACTER, subs, (colloquial). 
A man or woman exhibiting some 
prominent (and usually contemp- 
tible) trait ; an eccentric ; a CASE 
(g.v. ). Generally used with such 
adjectives as 'low,' 'queer,' 
'comic,' etc. [From CHARACTER 
= a personage in history or fiction : 
one who has distinguished him- 
or herself. ] For* synonyms, see 
ODD FISH. 

1773. GOLDSMITH, She Stoops to 
Conquer, II., i. A very impudent fellow 
this ! but he's a CHARACTER, and ^I'll 
humour him. 

1820-33. C. LAMB, Essays of Elia, 
p. 163. You are fond of having a CHAR- 
ACTER at your table, and truly he is one. 

CHARACTERED, ppl. adj. (old). 
Burnt on the hand ; otherwise 
LETTERED (q.v.). [From the 
legitimate meaning of the word, = 
' marked or inscribed with char- 
acters.'] 
1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. T. t s.v. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. They 
have palmed the CHARACTER upon him. 

CHARING-CROSS, subs, (rhyming 
slang). A horse. For syno- 
nyms, see PRAD. 

CHARIOT, subs, (thieves'). An 
omnibus. In the sixteenth cen- 
tury CHARIOT = a vehicle of 
any kind, and in the eighteenth 
a light four-wheeled carriage. 
French thieves call an omnibus 
une onmicroche, or un four banaf, 
which last = also a pocket or 
'cly.' 



Chariot-Buzzing. 75 



Charley. 



CHARIOT-BUZZING, subs, (thieves'). 
Picking pockets in an omni- 
bus. [From CHARIOT (q.v.), an 
omnibus, + BUZ, verb 2 (q.v.), to 
pick pockets, + ING.] French 
z'rtf Fomnicroche. 



CHARLES, His FRIEND, subs. 
(theatrical). See FRIEND. 

CHARLEY or CHARLIE, subs. (old). 
i. A night watchman, A popu- 
lar name, prior to the introduction 
by Sir R. Peel, in 1829, of the 
present police force ; since when 
it has fallen into desuetude. The 
CHARLIES were generally old 
men whose chief duty was crying 
the hour on their rounds. Box- 
ing a CHARLEY was a favourite 
amusement with young bucks 
and bloods, who, when they 
found a night-watchman asleep 
in his box, would overturn it, 
leaving the occupant to escape 
as best he might. [The origin of 
the term is uncertain. Some 
trace it to Charles I., who re- 
organised the watch system of 
the metropolis in 1640. If this 
be tenable it is curious that so 
long a period elapsed between 
the event and its recognition in 
slang. The earliest appears to 
be that given infra. For syno- 
nyms, see BEAK and COPPER. 

1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Dictionary. 
CHARLEY : a watchman. 

1823. CHARLES WESTMACOTT, Points 
of Misery, p. 28. A regular chase between 
me and the CHARLEYS all the way to I .ad 
Lane. 

1845. HOOD, Tale of a Trumpet, 
st. 55. That other old woman, the parish 
CHARLEY ! 

1852. Bentley's Miscellany, i June, 
p 620. Oh, those dear old CHARLIES of 
the Dogberry school ! How their husky 
cries of the passing hour mingled with 
our dreams, letting us know that they 
were at least wide awake to the thievings 
of time ! 



1865. G. F. BERKELEY, My Life, etc., 
I., 106. The night's entertainment ending 
in the morning before a magistrate, when 
the roughly used CHARLEYS, as the night- 
policemen were called, preferred charges 
of assault supported by black eyes and a 
few loose teeth caiefully preserved for 
the purpose, and the offenders thought 
themselves lucky if they got off with only 
a moderate fine. \Tentp. George IV. 1 

1889. Daily News, Sep. 28, p. 2, col. 
5. THE LAST OF THE CHARLEYS. In the 
person of Mr. William Mason, who died 
on Wednesday at the age of 89, we lose 
the last survivor of the CHARLEYS who 
used to patrol the streets prior to the 
establishment in 1849 of the City Police 
Force. 

2. (common). A small, pointed 
beard, fashionable in the time of 
Charles I. ; an 'imperial'; in 
America a GOATEE (q.v. for syno- 
nyms). 

1824. Gentleman's Magazine, March 
i, p. 295, col. 2. With white pantaloons, 
watch chains, and Wellingtons, and a 
CHARLEY at their under lip. 

1841. HOOK, Widow, x., 145. He 
. . . wore ... a CHARLEY on his under 
lip. 

1861. TAYLOR, Antiq. Falkland, 43. 
That square, short man . . . wearing a 
moustache and CHARLIE is William 
Laud. 

18(?). R. M. JEPHSON, Girl He Left 
Behind Him, ch. i. Dolly himself was 
occupied in nursing a tuft of hair on his 
chin termed, grandiloquently, an imperial, 
familiarly, a CHARLEY. 

3. (hunting). A fox. Four- 
besque, graniera. 

1857. HUGHES, Tom Browns School- 
days, ch. i., p. 8. A nice little gorse or 
spinney where abideth poor CHARLEY, 
having no other cover to which to betake 
himself for miles and miles, when pushed 
out some fine November morning by the 
old Berkshire. 

1859. H. KINGSLEY, Geoffrey Ham 
lyn, ch. xxviii. 'And all after a poor little 
fox ! ' ' You don't know CHARLEY, I can 
see,' said Halbert ; ' poor little fox indeed ! 

4. (American thieves'). A 
watch. [Possibly a pun upon 
CHARLEY, sense i, a watch or 



Charley Bates Farm. 76 Charter the Bar. 



watchman.] For synonyms, see 
TICKER. 

5. (tailors'). The nap on 
faced on glossy-surfaced cloth. 

6. (tailors'). A round- 
shouldered figure. 

CHARLEY BATES' FARM, or 
GARDEN. See BATES' FARM. 

CHARLEY-LANCASTER, subs, (rhym- 
ing slang). A ' handkercher. ' 

CHARLEY- PITCHER, subs, (thieves'). 
A prowling sharper who en- 
tices greenhorns to take a hand 
in thimble-rigging, the three- 
card trick, prick the garter, etc. 

1859. G. A. SALA, Twice Round the 
Clock (2 p m., par. 10), p. 160. Even at 
remote country race-courses, you may find 
remnants of the whilom swarming tribe 
of CHARLEY-PITCHERS, the knavish gentry 
who pursue the games of ' under seven or 
over seven,' . . , or inveigle the unwary 
with ' three little thimbles and one small 
pea.' 

1^51-61. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lot. Poor, IV., 32, note. A CHARLEY- 
PITCHER seems to be one who pitches to 
the Ceorla or countryman, and hence is 
equivalent to the term Yokel-hunter. 

1877. BESANT AND RICE, Son of 
Vulcan, pt. I., ch. ix. With them marched 
the CHARLEY-PITCHERS, who gained an 
honourable livelihood with the thimble 
and the pea. 

CHARLEY- PR ESCOT, subs, (rhym- 
ing slang). A waistcoat. For 
synonyms, see FAN. 

CHARLEY-WAG. To PLAY THE 

CHARLEY-WAG (school-slang). 

I. To absent oneself from school 
without leave ; to play truant. 
Variants are To MOUCH ; TO 
WAG ; Fr., tailler or caler lecole ; 
Spanish, hacer novillos, and andar 
a la tuna. 

1876. C. HINDLEY, Life and Adven- 
tures of a Cheaj> Jack, p. 57. Nothing 
could be done with him at school . . . 



Joe being, in spite of all entreaties, the 
greatest rapscallion and ringleader of all 
mischief, and at all times readier TO 
PLAY THE CHARLEY WAG than to be the 
first in any prominent position in his 
class or form. 

2. (common). To disappear 
[figurative]. 

1887. W. E. HENLEY, Villon s 
Straight Tip to all Cross Coves. It's up 
the spout and CHARLEY-WAG With wipes 
and tickers and what not. Until the 
squeezer nips your scrag, Booze and the 
blowens cop the lot. 

CHARLIE, See CHARLEY. 

CHARLIES, subs, (popular). i. 
The paps. For synonyms, see 
DAIRY. 

2. (Winchester College). 
Thick gloves made of twine. 
[Introduced by a Mr. Charles 
Griffith ; hence the name.] Ob- 
solete. 

CHARM, subs, (old). i. A pick- 
lock. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 
1381. New York Slang- Diet., s.v. 

CHARMS, subs, (old), The paps. 
Fr., les appas. Once in literary 
use, but now impossible except as 
slang. FLASHING HER CHARMS 
= showing her paps. 

2. (American). A generic 
term for money. For synonyms, 
see ACTUAL and GILT. 

1875. American English, in Chant. 
Journal, 25 Sept., p. 610. Money has 
forty or fifty different names ; such singu- 
lar terms as ... shadscales, and CHARMSJ 
figuring in the list. 

CHARTER THE BAR or GROCERY, 

verbal phr. (American). To buy 
up the whole of the liquor at a 
bar and stand drinks all round as 



Chasing. 



77 



Chates. 



long as it lasts. This freak is not 
infrequent in the West. In 
Australia a similar expression 

is SHOUTING ONESELF HOARSE. 



18(?). J. G. BALDWIN, David Bolus, 
Esq. Bolus was no niggard. He would 
as soon treat a regiment, or CHARTER 
THE GROCERY for the day, as any other 
way. 

CHASING, verbal subs, (workmens'). 
See quot. 

1884. RAE, Cont. Socialism, 361. 
This is shown ... in their prohibition 
of CHASING . . . i.e., of a workman ex- 
ceeding a given average standard of pro- 
duction. [M.] 

CHASSE, verb (society)* To dis- 
miss. [From the French chasser.~\ 

1847. THACKERAY, Lords and Liv., 
III. He was CHASSED on the spot. [M.] 

1868. YATES, Rock Ahead, I., p. 185. 
If Lord Ticehurst married, more than half 
Gilbert Lloyd's influence would be gone, 
if indeed the turf were not abandoned, 
and the confederate CHASSED. 

CHAT, subs, (thieves'). i. A house. 
For synonyms, see DIGGINGS. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
Mag., XL., 501. I piped a slavey (ser- 
vant) come out of a CHAT (house). 

2. (common). The female 
ptidendurn. (From French chat, 
a cat, and by implication the 
* pussy,'] 

3. (common). The truth ; the 
real state of a case ; the proper 
words to use ; the ' correct card. ' 

1819. THOMAS MOORE, Tom Crib's 
Memorial to Congress, p. 6. And, setting 
in case there should come such a rumpus, 
As some mode of settling the CHAT we 
must compass, With which the tag-rag 
will have nothing to do, What think you, 
great swells, of a royal set-to? 

1862. TROLLOPE, Orley Farm, ch. 
yi. Has the gentleman any right to be 
in this room at all, or has he not ? Is 
he commercial, or is he miscellaneous? 
That's the CHAT as I take it. 



4. (low). Gabble ; chatter ; 
impudence ; e.g., None of your 
CHAT, or I'll give you a shove in 
the eye. 

Verb. To hang. See CHATES, 
sense I. [This reading, however, 
is problematical.] 

1513. G. DOUGLAS, sEneis, viii., Prol. 
126. Quod. I, churle, ga CHAT the, and 
chide with ane vthir. 

CHATES, subs. (old). i. The gal- 
lows, (Also CHATTES and 
CHATS. ) [Doubtful as to deriva- 
tion, see quot. 1610.] For 
synonyms, see NUBBING-CHEAT. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 66. 
CHATTES : the gallowes. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 37. (H. Club's Repr., 1874). CHATES, 
the Gallowes : here he [Harman, author of 
a Caveat for Cursitors-date, c. 1570, re- 
printed as The Belman of London, con- 
taining list of cant words] mistakes both 
the simple Word, because he so found it 
printed, not knowing the true originall 
thereof, and also in the compound ; as 
for CHATES it should be Cheates, which 
word is vsed generally for things, as Tip 
me that Cheate, Give me that thing : so 
that if you will make a word for the 
Callous, you must put thereto this word, 
Treyning, which signifies hanging ; and 
so Treyning Cheate is as much to say, 
hanging things, or the Callous, and not 
CHATES. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue^ pt. 
I., ch. v., p. 48 (1874). CHATS : the 
gallows. 

1690, B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew, s<v. 
1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet., s.v. 
1725. New Cant. Diet., s.v. 
1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 
1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s,v. 
1881. New York Slang Dict.< s.v. 

2. (old). Lice. (Also CHATS 
and CHATTS.) [Grose suggests 
that CHATTS is an abbreviation 
of chattels in the sense of cattle 
lice being the chief live-stock 
of beggars, gipsies, and the rest 
of the canting crew ; the his- 



C/iates. 



Chatter-Basket. 



tory of the word ' chattel ' ap- 
pears to bear out his contention. 
The Norman catel passed later 
into cattell) and these forms were 
in the sixteenth century restricted 
to live-stock, chat tell passing 
from legal French into general 
use for the wider sense article of 
property.] 

1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Creiv, s.v. 

1725. New Cant. Diet., s.v. 

1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Diet., s.v. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet., s.v. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Active 
citizens ; crabs ; crumbs ; friends 
in need ; back friends ; grey 
backs ; black cattle ; Scots Greys ; 
gentleman's companions ; creep- 
ers ; gold -backed 'uns ; German 
ducks ; dicky-birds ; familiars ; 
saddle-backs ; Yorkshire Greys. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Les es- 
pagnols (popular : formerly lice 
were called 'Spanish bugs,'j&w;c 
espagnols, to distinguish them 
from the cintex lectuarins, or 
common bed bug) ; un cojuillon 
(popular : also ' a pilgrim ') ; les 
goux (thieves') ; le garni > on 
(pop. = garrison) ; un loupate 
( = poux, disguised) ; un habitant 
( = a householder or ' citizen ') ; 
un grenadier (popular) ; un got 
(thieves') ; un mousquetaire gris 
(pop. =a grey musketeer). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Hutte- 
rerg selfn (perhaps the nearest 
German equivalent to the English 
'gentleman's companion,' the 
German word signifying ' skin- 
society ') ; Jokel) or Jokelche, Jo- 
kelcher, Juckel, fucktler (sing. : 
also = a postillion, ' one who 
rides,' the latter, however, being 
more commonly rendered Post- 
Juckel. Ave-Lallement derives it 
from fcickel or Jockel, diminutives 



of Jacob, but there are the 
German words, Jucken, ' to itch,' 
and Juckler^ 'one who itches.' 
It is quite possible that the two 
last are later, historically. In 
connection, see next example) ; 
Hans Walter (in Luther's Liber 
Vagatotum [1529]. Hanz liter- 
ally means Jack, or John [Cf., 
preceding /okel~\, the old word 
Hansa refers to a multitude ; old 
German Uanse, a society ; Hans, 
a companion); ICinne,t>l. Kinnim 
(of purely Hebrew origin; Kinni- 
machler-^. 'dirty, filthy fellow,' 
or ' an avaricious man,' literally 
' a lice-eater ' ; Kinn inter ^ a man 
full of lice. The Fieselsprache has 
Kineh and Kinehbruder to signify 
' an intimate companion,' or 
' chum ' ; Marschirer or die Mitten 
Maischirer (Viennese thieves' for 
lice ; literally ' the silent walkers'); 
Sand (used for vermin in general 
and lice in particular ; sandig 
sein, to be lousy). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Grisaldi; 
grisa^lti ; guallino. 

SPANISH SYNONYM. Cancano, 
(w ; a low term). 

CHAT- HOLE, subs, (prison). A hole 
made by convicts in a wall, 
to carry on a conversation. 
[From CHAT, an abbreviation of 
chatter, + HOLE.] 



CHATS, suds. (old). i. 

2. (thieves'). See quot. 

1821. D. HAGGART, L,ife, Glossary, p. 
171. CHATS, seals. 

3. (Stock Exchange). Lon- 
don, Chatham and Dover Railway 
Stock. 

CHATTER- BASKET, subs, (common). 
A prattling child. Originally 



Chatterboncs. 



79 



Chainit. 



dialectical, CHATTER - BASKET 
being the Lancashire form ; while 
in West Somerset they say CHAT- 
TER-BAG. C/., CHATTERBOX. 

CHATTER-BONES, CHATTER-CART, 
and CHATTER-BLADDER, subs. 
(common). Variants ofcHATTER- 
BOX (q.v). For synonyms, see 
CLACK-BOX. 

1842. DICKENS, A nterican Notes, ch. 
xi., p. 94. That little girl of fifteen with 
the loquacious chin : who, to do her 
justice, acts up to it . . . for of all the 
small CHATTERBONES that ever invaded 
the repose of drowsy ladies' cabin, she is 
the first and foremost. 

CHATTERBOX, subs, (colloquial). 
An incessant talker ; used con- 
temptuously of adults and play- 
fully of children. [From CHAT- 
TER, gabble + BOX, a receptacle; 
metaphorically, abox full of chatter 
Cf., BAG OF BONES.] A variant 
is CHATTERBONES (q.v.). For 
synonyms, see CLACK-BOX. 

1785. GROSE, Dictionary of the Vul- 
gar Tongue. CHATTER Box, one whose 
tongue runs twelve score to the dozen ; a 
chattering man or woman. 

1840. C. DICKENS, Old Curiosity 
Shop [C. D. ed.], p. 93. A set of idle 

CHATTERBOXES. 

1878. E. JENKINS, Haverholme, p. 52. 
A mere political CHATTERBOX. 

CHATTER-BROTH, su&s.(old). Tea; 
the beverage and the party. A 
Yorkshire equivalent is CHATTER- 
WATER. Quoted by Grose [ 1 785]. 
Variants are CAT-LAP and SCAN- 
DAL-BROTH (q.v.). 

CHATTERER, subs, (pugilistic). A 
heavy blow upon the mouth : or, 
says Peter Corcoran, ' a blow that 
tells.' For synonyms see DIG. 

1827. REYNOLDS (' Peter Corcoran '), 
Sonnet on The fancy. I've left the Fives- 
Court rush, the flash the rally The 
noise of ' Go it, Jack ' the stop the 
blow The shout the CHATTERING hit 
the check the sally. 



CHATTERERS, subs, (common). 
The teeth. For synonyms, see 
GRINDERS. 

CHATTERY, subs, (thieves'). See 
quot. 

1821. D. HAGGART, Life, Glossary, 
p. 171. CHATTERY, cotion, or linen 
goods. 

CHATTY, subs. (old). A filthy man. 
[From CHAT (q.v.), a louse, +Y.] 
English variants are CHATTY- 
DOSSER, CRUMMY - DOSSER. 
Amongst French equivalents may 
be mentioned un bifteck a maqu- 
art (Maquart is the name of a 
well-known knacker) ; un sale 
p&tissier (literally a dirty pastry- 
cook) ; un kroumir / un %o>'gniat ; 
un pe gorier. 

Adj. (common). Filthy; lousy. 
[For derivation, see subs.~\ A 
French equivalent is graphique 
itself a very 'telling,' 'speak- 
ing,' or ' chatty ' expression ; also 
malastique. 

1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Dictionary. 
CHATTY : lousy. 

CHATTY- FEEDER, subs. (old). A 
spoon. [A vague reference to 
the mouth as the place of ' chat ' 
or ' chatter. '] For synonyms see 
WEDGE-FEEDER. 

1881. New York Slang Dictionary. 
' And where the swag so bleakly pinched, 
A hundred stretches hence ? . The 

chips, the fawneys, CHATTY- FEEDERS. 

CHAD NT, sztbs. (old). A song. 
See CHANT, subs., sense i. 

Verb (vagrants'). To sing bal- 
lads, etc., in the streets. See 
CHANT, verb, sense i. 

To CHAUNT THE PLAY, verbal 
phr. (thieves'). To explain the 
tricks and manoeuvres of thieves. 



Chaunted. 



80 



Chaw. 



CHAUNTED, ppl. adj. (streets'). 
Sung of, and celebrated, in street 
ballads. [From CHAUNT, to sing 
street ballads, +ED.] See CHANT- 
ING, subs., sense 2. 

1827. REYNOLDS (' Peter Corcoran'). 
Lines to Philip Samson in The Fancy. 
' Be content that you've beat Dolly Smith, 
and been CHAUNTED, And trained 
stripped and petted, and hit off ycur 
legs ! ' 

CHAUNTER, suds, (vagrants'). i. 
A street singer of ballads, dying 
speeches, etc. Rarely heard now 
except in the poorest neighbour- 
hoods. His practice is peculiar. 
One man gets as far as he can, 
and when his voice cracks his 
companion takes things up. For 
this reason the business is con- 
ducted by a brace of men, by a 
man and woman, or by a woman 
andchild. See quot. 1851. [From 

CHAUNT, tO Sing, + ER.] Also 

called a PAPER-WORKER (q.v.) ; 
and DEATH - HUNTER (q.v.}. 
FRENCH SYNONYMS are un chan- 
teur a la balade or au baladage ; 
un goualeur or une goualeuse (see 
EUGENE SUE Mysteresde Paris}-, 
une cigale (popular: a female 
street-singer); and un braillard* 
Fourbesque, granchetto (a term 
also applied to one who speaks 
gibberish or thieves' lingo). 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 229. The 
CHAUNTERS, or those who do not cry, but 
(if one may so far stretch the English 
language) sing the contents of the 'papers' 
they vend. Ibid, p. 240. The running 
patterer ... is accompanied generally by 
a CHAUNTER . . . The CHAUNTER not 
only sings, but fiddles. 

2. (common), See CHANTER, 
sense I. 



CHAUNTER-COVE, subs, (thieves'). 
A reporter. [From CHAUNT, 
to ' crack ' or ' cry up,' + ER + 
COVE, a man.] 



CHAUNTER-CULL, subs. (old). A 
writer of ballads and street 
literature for the use of CHAUNT- 
ERS or ' street patterers.' They 
haunted certain well-known pub- 
lic-houses in London and Bir- 
mingham, and were open to write 
ballads ' to order ' on any sub- 
ject, the rate of remuneration 
varying from half-a-crown to 
seven-and-sixpence. The chaunter 
having practically disappeared, 
his poet has gone with him. 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
Hi, 58. [Named and described in.] 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CHAUNTER-CULLS : Grub Street writers, 
who compose songs, carrols, etc., for 
ballad singers. 

1834. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood, 
bk. IV., ch. vi. I trust, whenever the 
CHANTER-CULLS and last-speech scribblers 
get hold of me, they'll at least put no 
cursed nonsense into my mouth. 

CHAUNTER UPON THE LEER, phr. 

(old). An advertiser. 

CHAUNTING. See CHANTING. 

CHAUVERING DONNA or MOLL, 

subs. (old). A prostitute. 
[From CHAUVERING, sexual 
intercourse. + DONNA (q.v.), a 
woman, or MOLL (q.v.), a loose 
female.] For synonyms, see 
BARRACK-HACK. 

CHAW, subs, (common). I. A 
countryman ; a yokel ; a bump- 
kin. [A contraction of CHAW- 
BACON (q.v.). In common use 
at Harrow School.] 

1856. T. HUGHES, Tom Browns 
School-days, pt. I., ch. i. There's nothing 
like the old country-side for me, and no 
music like the twang of the real old Saxon 
tongue, as one gets it fresh from the veri- 
table CHAW in the White Horse Vale. 

2. (vulgar). A mouthful ; a 
' gobbet ' ; in the mouth at once ; 



Chaw. 



Si 



Cheap. 



e.g., a quid of tobacco ; a dram of 
spirits, etc. [From CHAW, verb, 
q.v.] 

1749. ' Humours of the Fleet,' quoted 
in Ash ton's The Fleet, p. 286. And in 
his nether jaw Was stuff 'd an elemosynary 
CHAW. 

1772. Gentleman* Magazine, XLII., 
IQI. The tars . . . Took their CHAWS, 
hitched their trousers, and grinn'd in our 
faces. [M.] 

1833. MARRY AT, Peter Simple, xiv. 
The boy was made to open his mouth, 
while the CHAW of tobacco was extracted. 

1838. GLASCOCK, Land Sharks and 
Sea Gulls. If., 123. I'm blest if I'm fit 
for work, thout a raw CHAW.' 

1864. Daily Telegraph, 26 July. The 
gentleman have often ' that within that 
passeth show,' to wit, a CHAW of tobacco: 
this is not very conducive to volubility in 
conversation. 

3. (University). A trick ; de- 
vice ; or ' sell.' 

Verb (vulgar). I. To eat or 
chew noisily and roughly. To 
bite (see quot., 1890). Once 
literary ; now degenerate, and 
vulgarly applied ; specifically ' to 
chew tobacco.' 



1890. T^e Oont, RUDYARD KIPLING 
in Scots Observer, . . . We socks him 
with a stretcher-pole, and 'eads him off in 
front, And when we saves his bloomin" 
life, he CHAWS our bloomin' arm. 

2. (University). To deceive, 
trick, ' sell,' or impose upon one. 

To CHAW OVER, verbal phr. 
(common). To create ridicule 
by repeating one's words. 

To CHAW wp,phr. (American). 
To get the better of; to de- 
molish ; * do for '; smash or 
finish. CHAWED TJP : utterly 
done for. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit, 
ch. xvi., p. 162, ' Here's full particular? 
of the patriotic loco-foco movement yester- 
day, in which the Whigs was so CHAWED 
UP. 



18fi2. C. F. BROWNE, Artemus 
Ward: His Book, p. 66. We CHAWED 
'em UP, that's what we did. 

To CHAW UP ONE'S WORDS, 
phr. (American). To retract an 
assertion ; ' to eat one's words. ' 

CHAW-BACON, subs, (colloquial). 
A country bumpkin. [From 
CHAW, a vulgar form of chew, to 
masticate or chew, + BACON, the 
staple food of agricultural labour- 
ers.] Other nicknames for a coun- 
tryman are bacon-slicer ; clod- 
hopper ; barn-door savage ; clod- 
pole ; cart - horse ; Johnny ; 
cabbage -gelder ; turnip-sucker ; 
joskin ; jolterhead ; yokel ; clod- 
crusher, etc. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. CHAW 
BACON. A countryman. A stupid fellow. 

1822. Black-woods Magazine, XII., 
379. You live cheap with CHAW-BACONS 
and see a fine, flat country. [M.] 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. v. 'Give me the pail, you 
lop-eared buffoon do you call that the 
way to feed a pig?' and the General, 
seizing the bucket from an astonished 
CHAW-BACON, who stood aghast, as if he 
thought his master was mad, managed to 
spill the greater part of the contents over 
his own person and gaiters. 

CHAWS, subs, (venery). Copula- 
tion. For synonyms, see GREENS. 

CHEAP. ON THE CHEAP, adv. phr. 
(colloquial). At a low rate [of 
money] \ economically ; keeping 
up a showy appearance on small 
means. 

1884. Comhill Mag., June, p. 614. 
His being's end and aim, both by day and 
night, is to obtain as much drink as pos- 
sible ON THE CHEAP. 

CHEAP AND NASTY, adv. phr. 
(colloquial). Said of articles 
which, though pleasing to the 
eye, are 'shoddy' in fact. For 
special application, see quot. 
6 



CJieapside. 



82 



CJiecks. 



1864. Athenceum, Oct. 29. CHEAP 
AND NASTY, or, in a local form, ' CHEAP 

AND NASTY, LIKE SHORT'S IN THE 

STRAND,' a proverb applied to the de- 
ceased founder of cheap dinners. 

To FEEL CHEAP, verb phr. 
(common). To 'have a mouth 
on ; ' to be suffering from a night's 
debauch. 

DIRT CHEAP or DOG CHEAP, 
adv. phr. (colloquial). Inexpen- 
sive ; as cheap as may be. DOG 
CHEAP is the earliest form in 
which this colloquialism ap- 
pears in English literature, DIRT 
CHEAP not being found earlier 
than 1837. 

1577. HOLINSHED, Chron. Descr. frel., 
iii. They afourded their wares so DOGGE 
CHEAPE, that etc. [M.] 

1837. C. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, 
xxxvii. ' I sold myself,' said Mr. Bumble 
. . . ' I went very reasonable. Cheap, 

DIRT CHEAP ! ' 

CHEAPSIDE. HE CAME HOME BY 

WAY OF CHEAPSIDE,/^;. (old)., 

That is ' he gave little or 
nothing for it ' ; ' he got it cheap. ' 

CHEAT, subs. (old). A general 
name for any object. [From 
Anglo-Saxon ceat, a thing. Cf.^ 
quot., 1608.] A term which, with 
a descriptive adjective, appears 
in a variety of forms in 

. Old Cant. The CHEAT par 
excellence was the gallows, also 
known as the NUBBING, TOPPING, 

or TREYNING - CHEAT. The 

word is variously spelt CHET, 

CHETE, CHEATE, CHEIT, CHATE. 
CHEAT. The following combina- 
tions will serve to illustrate its 
use. 

BELLY-CHETE = An Apron. 

BLETING-CHETE = A sheep or calf. 

CACKLING-CHETE = A fowl. 

CRASHING-CHEATS = The teeth. 

GRUNTING-CHETE = A pig. 

HEARING-CHETES = The ears. 

Low'lNG-CHETE = A COW. 

LULL A BY -CHETE = An infant. 
MOFLING-CHETE = A napkin. 



NUBBING-CHEAT = The gallows. 
PRATTLING-CHETE = The tongue. 

QUACKING-CHETE = A duck. 

SMELLING-CHETE = The nose. 
TOPPING-CHEAT = The gallows. 
TREYNING-CHEAT = The gallows. 
TRUNDLING-CHEAT = A cart or coach. 

All of which see. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat [ed. 1869], 
p. 86. Now we have well bous'd, let vs 
strike some CHETE [that is], now we have 
well dronke, let us steale some thinge. 

3608. DEKKER, Belman of London, 
in wks. (Grosart) III., 117. The Cheating 
Law or the Art of winning money by 
false dyce. Those that practise this 
studie call themselues Cheaters, the dyce 
Cheaters, and the money which they pur- 
chase Cheates : borrowing the tearme from 
our common Lawyers, with whome all 
casuals as fall to the Lord at the holding 
of his Leetes, as Waifes, Strayes, and such 
like, are said to be Escheated to the Lord's 
vse, and are called Cheates. 

1611. SHAKSPEARE, Winters Tale, 
iv., 2, 28. With dye and drab, I purchas'd 
this Caparison, and my Reuennew is the 
silly CHEATE. Gallowes, and Knocke, are 
too powerfull on the Highway. 

1754. FIELDING, Jonathan Wild, bk. 
IV., ch. ii. See what your laziness is 
come to ; to the CHEAT, for thither will 
you go now, that's infallible. 

CHEATS, subs. (old). --Sham cuffs 
or wristbands. C/., DICKY and 
SHAMS. See also quot., 1688. 

1688. R. HOLME, Armoury, III., p. 
96, col. i. A ... kind of Waistcoats are 
called CHATES, because they are to be 
seen rich and gaudy before, when all the 
back part is no such thing. Ibid, III., 
p. 258, col. i. Such Gallants weare not 
CHEATS or half Sleeves, but . . . their 
Waistcoats are the same clear throughout. 

[M.] 

1690. B. E., Dictionary Canting 
Crew. CHEATS . . . also Wristbands or 
sham Sleeves worn for true, or whole ones. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vnlg. Tongue. ^ 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. i 

Sham sleeves to put over a dirty shift or 
shirt. 



CHECKS, subs. (American). Money 
in general ; cash. [A term de- 
rived from poker, in which game 



Cheek. 



83 



Cheek. 



counters or CHECKS, bought at 
certain fixed rates, are equivalent 
to current coin.] For synonyms, 
see ACTUAL and C/. t CHIPS. 

TO PASS or HAND IN ONE'S 
CHECKS, pkr. (American). See 
ante, To CASH (or PASS IN) ONE'S 
CHECKS. To die. For syno- 
nyms, see ALOFT and C/., CHIPS. 

CHEEK, subs, (colloquial). I. In- 
solence; jaw; e.g., 'none of 
your cheek ' or ' chat ' and ' none 
of your jaw.' Equivalents are 
LIP, CHAT, IMPERANCE, MOUTH, 
CHIN, CHIRRUP, and NINE 
SHILLINGS ; the last a corrup- 
tion of * nonchalance ! ' Among 
foreign equivalents may be 
mentioned the French avoir 
un toupet de bceuf ; and 
the Spanish adjectives cari- 
raido ( ' impudent ') and desol- 
lado (from desollar, ' to skin, 
flay ') ; desuellacaras (m ; an im- 
pudent, shameless person) ; pap- 
arrticha (f. impertinence). 

1840. MARRYAT, Poor Jack, xxii. 
The man, who was a sulky, saucy sort 
of chap . . . gives CHEEK. 

1848. J. MITCHELL, Jailjml., July 
20. I once asked . . . what fault a man 
had committed who was flogged. . ". . 
1 For giving CHEEK, sir.' [M.] 

1884. G. MOORE, Mummer's Wife 
(1887), p. 133. If he gives me any of his 
CHEEK I'll knock him down. 

2. Audacity ; confidence ; im- 
pudence ; ' brass ' ; ' face.' For- 
merly ' brow ' was used in the 
same sense. (See quot., 1642.) 

1642. FULLER, Holy State, bk. IV., 
ch. xi. They were men of more BROW 
than brain, being so ambitious to be known, 
that they had rather be hissed down than 
not come upon the stage. 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, I., p. 471. They [the 
Crocusses] 'd actually have the CHEEK to 
put a blister on a cork leg. Ibid, p. 404 



per- 
but 



(provided with) a noggin o' rum to ' give 
him CHEEK,' and make him speak up to 
his victims. 

1882. Daily News, Oct. 10, p. $, col. 
6. Of this fact, I know no more signal 
instance than the seizing of the Citadel 
of Cairo. As I stood on the spot the 
other day I realised for the first time the 
if you will pardon me the use of a vulgar 
but expressive colloquialism astounding 
CHEEK of the feat. 

1889. Answers, p. 59, col. 2. The 
whole suggestion savoured so much of 
what our Transatlantic brothers call 
MONUMENTAL CHEEK, that the Duke 
hardly knew what to say, or what emo- 
tions to express. 

1890. Athena-urn, Feb. 22, p. 253, 
col. 2. In various disguises Miss Palmer 
sings, dances, and exhibits her powers of 
coquetry and CHEEK. 

Verb. To address a person 
saucily. 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, I., p. 452. (They) 
suaded me to go and beg with them, 
I couldn't CHEEK it. 

1857. DICKENS, Our Vestry, in Re- 
printed Pieces, p. 292. Dogginson . . . 
informed another gentleman . . . that if 
he CHEEK'D him he would resort to the 
extreme measure of knocking his blessed 
head off. 

1890. Saturday Review, Feb. i, p. 
151, col. i. Not only was Dick always 
ready to CHEEK his employer, and by his 
own account usually capable of getting the 
better of him, but he was on the same sort 
of terms with his pupils. 

To ONE'S OWN CHEEK, phr. 
(colloquial). To one's own 
share ; all to oneself. Some- 
times used in the sense of allow- 
ance, i.e., ' Where's my CHEEK ? ' 

1841. LEVER, Charles O'Malley, ch. 
Ixxxviii. And though he consumed some- 
thing like a prize on to HIS OWN CHEEK, 
he at length had to call for cheese. 

1855. Punch, vol. XXVIII., p. 10. 
[From day to day, for near a week,] ' I 
had a boiled salt round of beef On Monday 
ALL TO MY OWN CHEEK Whereon my 
hunger sought relief.' 

To CHEEK UP, verbal phr. (col- 
loquial). = CHEEK, to answer 
saucily. See CHEEK, verb. 



Cheek- A die. 



84 



Cheeky. 



1867. North Briton, June 5. ' Royal 
Dramatic College." We shall not soon 
forget seeing, during our visit to the Fair 
last July, a number of ladies dressed up 
as jockeys, confined, like so many chat- 
tering monkeys, in a cage, CHEEKING UP 
to gentlemen, selling them ' k'rect cards,' 
etc. 

CHEEK -ACHE. To HAVE THE 
CHEEK-ACHE, pht . (common). 
To be made to blush ; to be 
abashed. [From CHEEK, the 
face, + ACHE, a metaphorical 
exaggeration of the pain of 
blushing.] 

CHEEKINESS, subs, (colloquial). ^- 
Impudence ; effrontery ; cool 
audacity. 

1847. Illustrated London News, 28 
Aug. p. 142, col. i. They were beat . . . 
by their slow, loggy stroke, and by their 

CHEEKINESS. [M.] 

1854. MARTIN AND AYTOUN, Bon 
Gualtier Ballads , ' Francesca da 
Rimini.' There's wont to be at 
conscious times like these. An 
affectation of a bright-eyed ease, A 
crispy-CHEEKiNESS, if so I dare, Describe 
the swaling of a jaunty air. 

1857. A. TROLLOPE, Three Clerks, 
ch. xliv. He lived but on the CHEEKI- 
NESS of his gait and habits ; he had 
become member of Parliament, Govern- 
ment official, railway director, and club 
aristocrat, merely by dint of cheek. 

CHEEKISH, adj. (collpquial). 
Audacious ; impudent ; saucy. 
[From CHEEK + ISH.] 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, I., p. 248. Being CHEEKISH 
(saucy) to the beadle. 

CHEEKS, subs. (old). i. Thepos? 
teriors. For synonyms, see 
BLIND-CHEEKS : to which may 
be added toby ; stern ; catas- 
trophe ; latter-end ; jacksy-pardo; 
and juff. 
1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulgar Tongue. 

2. (old). An accomplice. 



to 

anst 



1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 
3 ed., p. 448. I have seen CHEEKS (a 
flash name for an accomplice). 

CHEEKS AND EARS. A fantastic 
name for a kind of head-dress, 
of temporary fashion. 

(?) Land. Prod., iv., 3, Suppl. 
Sh., II., 511, Fr. O then thou c; 
tell how to help me to CHEEKS AND EARS. 
L. Yes, mistress, very well. Fl. S. 
CHEEKS AND EARS ! why, mistress 
Frances, want you CHEEKS AND EARS? 
methinks you have very fair ones. Fi. 
Thou art a fool indeed, Tom, thou 
knowest what I mean. Civ. Ay, ay, 
Kester; 'tis such as they wear a' their 
heads. 

CHEEKS THE MARINE, subs. phr. 
(nautical). Mr. Nobody. An 
imaginary personage on board 
ship created and popularised by 
Captain Marryat. The epithet 
has, likewise, passed into a by- 
word as a sarcastic rejoinder to 
a foolish or incredible story 
'tell that to CHEEKS THE 
MARINE.' 

1833. MARRYAT, Peter Simple (ed. 
1846), vol. L, ch. vii., p. 36. I enquired 
who, and he said CHEEKS THE MARINE. 

1878-80. JUSTIN MCCARTHY, History 
ofOurO-wn 7Yw<?.y,II.,ch.xiii.,p. 15(1848). 
CHEEKS THE MARINE was a personage 
very familiar at that time to the readers of 
Captain Marryat's sea stories, and the 
name of that mythical hero appeared with 
bewildering iteration in the petition. 

1883. CLARK RUSSELL, Sailors' Lan- 
guage. CHEEKS THE MARINE : an imagi- 
nary being in a man-of-war. 

CHEEKY, adj. (colloquial). Coolly 
presumptuous ; impudent or 
saucy. Fr,, insolpe. 



1859. H. Y^wzsim, Geoffrey Hamlyn, 
ch. xxyi. ' You will find, Sir,' said Lee, 
' that these men in this here hut are a 
rougher lot than you think for; very like 
they'll be CHEEKY.' 

1860. Punch, vol. XXXIX., p. 30. 
' The Volunteer on July fourteenth.' But 
that Ass SNIVENS a coming it as CHEEKY 
as could be. i 



Cheese. 



Cheese. 



1889. Pall Mall Gaz., 8 Nov., p. 2, 
col. 3. The CHEEKY boy, with the natural 
ingratitude of youth, often makes a long 
nose at his master, even when showing off 
all that the master has taught him. 

CHEESE. THE CHEESE, phr. (com- 
mon). i. Anything first-rate or 
highly becoming ; the expression 
runs up and down the whole 
gamut of cheese nomenclature ' 
from THE STILTON, DOUBLE GLOS- 

TER, tO THE PURE LlMBURGER. 

[It has been variously traced to 
the Anglo - Saxon ceosan, to 
choose ; German, kiesen ; French, 
chose ; Persian, chiz ; Hindu, 
cheez, thing. Summing up the 
evidence, the expression (barring 
a solitary reference in the London 
Guide oi 1818, where it is referred 
to a bald translation of c'est une 
autre chose, i.e., that is another 
CHEESE, subsequently coming 
to signify that is the real thing) 
appears to have come into general 
vogue about 1840. This conten- 
tion is borne out in some measure 
by a correspondent to Notes and 
Queries (1853, I S., viii., 
p. 89), who speaks of it as 
about 'ten or twelve years old,' 
a calculation which carries it back 
to the date when it appears to 
. have started in literature. Yule, 
writingmuch later, says the expres- 
sion was common among young 
Anglo-Indians, e.g., 'my new 
Arab is the real ckixj i.e., 'the 
real thing,' a fact which points to 
a Persian origin.] For synonyms, 
see Ai. 

1835. HALIBURTON ('Sam Slick'), 
The Clockmaker, 3 S., ch. xiv. Whatever 
is the go in Europe will soon be THE 
CHEESE here. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, Ingoldsby 
Legends, p. 418. Cries Rigmaree, rubbing 
her hands, 'that will please My " Con- 
juring cap " it's the thing ; it's THE 
CHEESE.' 

1842. Punch, vol. III., p. 33. 'I 
hopes my love will excuse me if I'm noi 



quite quite ' Comtne ilfaut, George.' 
' I don't mean that, love not quite THE 

CHEESE.' 

1860. Punch, vol. XXXIX., p. 97, 
Were the custom [of putting mottoes on 
garments, temp. Rich. II.] now revived 
we can conceive what stupid mottoes 
would be sported by the CEntish who 
always mock and maul the fashion of their 
betters : ' / wish my gal to please : O, 
aint I just THE CHEESE ' would doubtless 
be a popular device for a new shirt front. 

1863. CHAS. READE, Hard Cash, II ., 
186. ' Who ever heard [said Mrs. Dodd] 
of a young lady being married without 
something to be married in ? ' ' Well 
[said Edward], I've heard Nudity is not 
THE CHEESE on public occasions. 

2. subs, (schools and Univer- 
sity). An adept ; one who 
' takes the shine out of another ' 
at anything ; at Cambridge an 
overdressed dandy is called a 
HOWLING CHEESE. [An ex- 
tended usage based on sense i.] 

1864. Eton School-days. ' Do you 
know Homer, Purefoy ? ' asked Chudleigh. 
' No, I have not looked at the lesson yet.' 
1 1 am sure I don't know why you ever do ; 
you are such a CHEESE. I want you to 
give me a construe.' 

HARD CHEESE, phr. (common). 
What is barely endurable ; 
hard lines; bad luck. 



TIP-CHEESE. Probably 
same as TIP-CAT (q.v.\ 



the 



1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers, 
p. 282 (ed. 1857). A11 is gloom and silence 
in the house ; even the voice of the child 
is hushed ; his infant sports are disregarded 
when his mother weeps ; his ' alley tors ' 
and his ' cotnmoneys ' are alike neglected ; 
he forgets the long familiar cry of ' knuckle 
down,' and at TIP-CHEESE, or odd and 
even, his hand is out. 

CHEESE IT ! phr. (thieves'). 
Leave off ! Have done ! Be off ! 
[Thought to be a corruption of 
' cease it ! '] For synonyms, see 
STOW IT !^ 

1811. Lexicon Balatronictun , CHEESE 
IT, the coves are fly ; be silent, the people 
understand our discourse. 



Cheese-Boxes. 



86 



Cheese- Toaster. 



1859. SALA, Gaslight and Daylight, 
ch. xxviii. Two or three ' hallos ! ' and 
' now thens ! ' accompanied by a strong 
recommendation to CHEESE IT (i.e., act of 
cessation), causes these trifling annoyances 
to cease. 

1864. Times, 7 December. He shouted 
' Murder ! ' as well as he could, and the 
cries he made bringing assistance, he 
heard one of the men just before they let 
go of him call out ' CHEESE IT, CHEESE 
IT,' which a policeman said meant make 
off. 

1871. London Figaro, May 13, p. 3, 
col. 3. ' CHEESE THAT,' cried Bill. 'The 
genelman's agoin' to read, and I am agoin' 
to listen.' 

CHEESE- BOXES, subs. (American). 
A Confederate nickname for 
vessels of the ' Monitor ' type ; 
first applied during the Civil 
War [1860-65]. / TINCLADS 



1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, p. 
335. The great inventor has not made it 
known what induced him to choose the 
name [' Monitor '] : hence etymologists 
have evolved it out of their inner con- 
sciousness that he must have borrowed it 
from Gray's Monitor Dracaena, a large 
lizard covered with impenetrable armour. 
Irreverent Confederates called the hideous- 
looking vessels CHEESE-BOXES, and appar- 
ently one designation is, etymologically, 
though not aesthetically, as good as the 
other. 

CHEESECUTTER, subs, (common). 
I. A prominent, aquiline nose. 
For synonyms, see CONK. 

2. (common). A large, square 
peak to a cap ; the abat-jour of 
the Zouaves. 

3. (in plural). Bandy-legs. 
For synonyms, see DRUMSTICKS. 

CHEESE-KNIFE, subs, (military). A 
sword. For synonyms, see 
CHEESE-TOASTER. 



CHEESEMONGERS. A popular 
name for the First Lifeguards 
until the Peninsular War. The 



term then fell into desuetude ; 
but at Waterloo the command- 
ing officer of the regiment had 
not forgotten it, and when lead- 
ing to the charge, he called 
out, ' Come on, you damned 
CHEESEMONGERS ! ' an invitation 
accepted so heartily that the 
title was restored, with the 
difference that it was no longer 
a word of reproach. [Some say 
that the nickname came from 
their exclusive home service 
until the time of the Peninsular 
War ; others that it was bestowed 
on account of the old gentle- 
men in the corps declining to 
serve when it was remodelled 
in 1788, on the ground that 
the ranks were no longer 
composed of gentlemen, but of 
CHEESEMONGERS.] Also called 
THE CHEESES. 

CHEESER, subs. (old). An eructa- 
tion. The Spanish has una 
pluma (f; literally 'a feather') ; 
zullenco (a common colloquialism); 
soltar el preso (soltar ' to un- 
loose,' or 'to untie'; preso 
' a prisoner '). 

CHEESES. See CHEESEMONGERS. 

CHEESE-TOASTER, sttbs. (military). 
A sword. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Toast- 
ing-fork ; toasting iron ; sharp ; 
knitting - needle ; iron ; cheese- 
knife ; toll ; poker. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un astic 
(thieves' : from the German 
Stich}\ F aiguille h tt icoter les cotes 
(military : r aiguille h tricoter = 
knitting-needle, c6tes = i\\>s)', Fen- 
trecdte (popular) ; un charlemagne 
(military ; a bayonet-sabre) ; MI 
Bon-Dieu {military) ; une curette 



Cheesy. 



Cherry-Merry. 



(military : a cavalry sword, as 
also is un bancal) ; ttne cdte de 
b<xuf ( thieves') ; un grand couteau 
(military : a cavalry sword. 
Literally 'a large knife'); un 
fauchon (popular) ; un fauchon 
de satou (a wooden sword) ; une 
gaudille or gandille ; Joyeuse 
(the name of the sword of Charle- 
magne) ; uneflambe txflamberge 
(the sword of Roland) ; une 
faille de jer ( = cold steel) ; une 
latte (a cavalry sword) ; une 
lardoire (popular). 

GERMAN SYNONYM. Michel 
(from the Hebrew michael, an 
executioner's sword ; also Lang- 
nrichel). 

ITALIAN SYNONYM. Martina. 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Fis- 
berta ; ccntella (literally 'spark,' 
' thunder,' ' lightning ' ) ; respeto 
(properly ' respect ') ; garrancha ; 
durindana. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
CHEESE-TOASTER : a sword. 

1857-59. THACKERAY, Virginians, 
x. I'll drive my CHEESE-TOASTER through 
his body. 

CHEESY, adj. (common). Fine or 
showy. The opposite of ' dusty. ' 
[From CHEESE (q.v.) + Y.] For 
synonyms, see UP TO DICK. 

1858. R. S. SURTEES, Ask Mamma, 
xlviii., 211. To see him at Tattersall's 
sucking his cane, his CHEESY hat well 
down on his nose. [M.] 

CH EM i LOON, subs. Chemise and 
drawers in one ; a COMBINATION 
(q.v.). 

CHEPEMENS, s^^bs. (old). See 
quot. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 37 (H. Club'sRepr., 1874). CHEPEMANS : 
Gheape-side Market. 



CHEQUE. To HAVE SEEN THE 
CHEQUE, phr. (common). To 
know positively ; 10 be possesse d 
of exact knowledge concerning 
a matter. For synonyms, see 
KNOWING. 



(old). 



The 



CHERRILETS, subs. 
nipples. 

1599. SYLVESTER, Miracle of the 
Peace. Then those twins, thy strawberry 
teates, Curled, purled CHERRILETS? 

1654. Witt's Recreations. Then 
nature for a sweet allurement sets Two 
smelling, swelling, bashful CHERRYLETS. 

CHERRY, subs, (thieves'). A young 
girl. Cf., CHERRY-RIPE and 
ROSEBUD. 

CHERRY-BREECHES. See CHERU- 

BIMS. 

CHERRY-COLOURED, adj. (com- 
mon). Either red or black ; a 
term used in a cheating trick at 
cards. When the cards are 
being dealt, a ' knowing 'one offers 
to bet that he will tell the colour 
of the turn-up card. Done,' 
says Mr. Green. The sum being 
named, Mr. Sharp affirms that 
it will be CHERRY-COLOUR ; and 
as cherries are either black or 
red, he wins. Grose [1785] has 

CHERRY-COLOURED CAT for one 

either black or white in colour. 

1834. HARRISON AINSWORTH, Rook- 
wood. And forth to the heath is the 
scamps-man gone, His matchless CHERRY 
BLACK prancer riding. 

1886. ///. London News, Jan. 23, 
p. 78, col. 2. A favourite hoax is the 
great exhibition, wherein a CHERRY- 
COLOURED cat and a rose-coloured pigeon 
(the meeting between Wellington and 
Blucher), etc., are to be shown. The 
former consists of a black cat and a white 
pigeon. 

CHERRY- MERRY, adj. (old). i. 
Convivial ; slightly inebriated. 



Cherry Pickers. 



88 



Cheshire Cat. 



1602. MIDDLETON, Blurt, I., i. 
[Tricks, tricks, KERRY MERRY buff ! ] 

1775. Cont. Sterne's Sent. four. , 219. 
That every convivial assistant should go 

home CHERRY-MERRY. 

2. subs. (Anglo-Indian). A 
present of money. CHERRY- 
MERRY-BAMBOO, a beating. 

CHERRY-PICKERS,^^, (military) 

See CHERUBIMS. 

CHERRY-PIE, subs, (common). A 
girl. [Possibly only an ampli- 
fication of CHERRY (q.v.).'} For 
synonyms, see TITTER. 

CHERRY -PIPE, subs, (rhyming 
slang). A woman, the 'rhyme' 
being with 'ripe,' from CHERRY- 
RIPE (q.v.). For synonyms, see 
PETTICOAT. 

CHERRY-RIPE, subs, (thieves'). i. 
A woman. Cf. t CHERRY = a 
young girl. For synonyms, see 
PETTICOAT. 

2. (old). A ' redbreast ' or 
Bow Street Runner. [So called 
from the scarlet waistcoat which 
formed part of the uniform.] 

3. (common). A footman in 
red plush. 

4. (rhyming slang). A pipe. 

CHERUBIMS,~W/^, CHERRY- BUMS, 
subs. (military). i. The 
Eleventh Hussars. [From their 
crimson overalls.] Also CHERRY- 
BREECHES and CHERRY-PICKERS. 

1865. Notes and Queries, 3 S., vii., 
p. 49. nth Hussars CHERUBIMS and 
CHERRY PICKERS, having had some men 
taken while on out-post duty in a fruit 
garden in Spain. 

1871. FORBES, Exper. War between 
France and Germany, II., 149. When 
(Lord Cardigan] commanded the CHERRY- 



BREECHES there were generally more sore 
backs among them than in any other 
regiment in the service. 

1871. Chambers Journal, Dec. 23, p. 
802. The nth Hussars, the 'CHERUBIMS 
and CHERRY PICKERS.' 

2. (common). Peevish child- 
ren. [A facetious allusion to a 
passage in the Te Deum ' To 
Thee cherubin and seraphin con- 
tinually do cry.'] Quoted by 
Grose [1785]. 

3. (common). Chorister boys. 
[Either founded on the allusion 
quoted in sense 2, or in reference 
to the fact that little more than 
the heads of choristers is visible 
to the general congregation.] 

TO BE IN THE CHERUBIMS, 

phr. (old). To be in good hu- 
mour ; in the clouds ; unsubstan- 
tial ; fanciful. 

1542. UDAL, Erasmus's A pophth., p. 
139. Diogenes mocking such quidificall 
trifles, that were al IN THE CHERUBINS, 
said, Sir Plato, your table and your cuppe 
I see very well, but as for your tabletee 
and your cupitee 1 see none soche. 

CHESHIRE CAT. To GRIN LIKE A 
CHESHIRE CAT [CHEWING 

GRAVEL, EATING CHEESE, Or 

EVACUATING BONES, is sometimes 
added], phr. (common). To 
laugh broadly to 'laugh all 
over one's face.' Used disparag- 
ingly. [Origin unknown.] 

1782. WOLCOT (' P. Pindar '), Pair of 
Lyric Epistles, in wks. (Dublin, 1795), vol. 
II., p. 424. Lo, like a CHESHIRE CAT our 
Court will GRIN ! 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, ch. 
xxiv. In fact, Mr. Newcome says to 
Mr. Pendenniy, in his droll, humourous 
way, ' that woman grins like a CHESHIRE 
CAT ! ' Who was the naturalist who first 
discovered that peculiarity of the cats in 
Cheshire? 

1859. Letter from EDWARD S.TAYLOR 
to John Camden Hotten, 22 Dec. 



. Chest: 



89 



Chew. 



CHESHIRE CAT EATING CHEESE I have 
always heard 'evacuating bones,' which 
if less decent is more expressive. 

1866. DODGSON (' Lewis Carroll '), 
A lice in Wonderland, ch. viii. 



CHEST. To CHUCK OUT ONE'S 
CHEST, phr. (common). To pull 
oneself together ; stand firm ; 
' keep a stiff upper lip.' 

CHESTNUT, subs. (American). A 
stale joke or story ; an old ' Joe ' ; 
something frequently said or done 
before. As to the variants of 
this phrase their name is legion. 
The old songs are CHESTNUT 
songs ; he who would foist a stale 
jest is implored to spare the 
CHESTNUT tree, not to rustle the 
CHESTNUT leaves, not to set the 
CHESTNUT bell a-ringing. [The 
Philadelphia Press( 1 888)attributes 
the introduction of the phrase to 
Mr. William Warren, a veteran 
Boston comedian. In a forgotten 
melodrama, by William Dillon, 
called The Broken Swdrd, there 
were two characters, one a Capt. 
Xavier, and the other the come'dy 
part of Pablo. Says the captain, 
a sort of Munchausen, ' I entered 
the woods of Colloway, sind 
suddenly from the thick boughs 
of a cork tree ' when Pablo in- 
terrupts him with the words : ' A 
CHESTNUT, captain, a CHESTNUT. 
' Bah ! ' replies the captain. 
' Booby, I say a cork tree.' { A 
CHESTNUT,' reiterates Pablo, ' I 
should know as well as you, 
having heard yoil tell the tale 
these twenty - seven times.' 
Warren, who had often played 
Pablo, was at a stage-dinner, 
where one of the men told a 
story of doubtful age and origin- 
ality. 'A CHESTNUT,' quoth 
Warren, ' I have heard you 
tell the tale these twenty-seven 



times.' The application pleased, 
and when the party broke up 
each member helped to spread 
the story and the commentary. 
This is the most plausible of 
many explanations.] 

1882. HALKETT LORD, in N.andQ., 
7 S., vii., 53. I first heard the word 
[CHESTNUT] in 1882, in a theatrical chop- 
house (Brown's) in New York. The ex- 
planation given to me by Mr. Brown 
once a well-known member of Wallack's 
company was ' CHESTNUT, because it is 
old enough to have grown a beard,' 
alluding to the prickly bristly husk of the 
nuts. 

1886 Dram. Rev., March 27, p. 86 
col. 2. Minnie Palmer will give ^1000 
to any one who will submit to her an idea 
for legitimate advertising . . . CHESTNUT 
ideas not wanted. [M.] 

1888. New York Sun, Jan. 24. 'May 
I venture to tell the old, old story, Miss 
Maud,' he said, tremulously; 'the old, 
old, yet ever new, story of' ' Pardon 
me, Mr. Sampson, if I cause you pain,' 
interrupted the girl, gently, ' but to me 
the story you wish to tell is a CHESTNUT.' 
'A CHESTNUT?' 'Yes, Mr. Sampson, 
I'm already engaged ; but I will be a 
sister' ' It isn't as wormy as that one,' 
murmured Mr. Sampson, feeling for his 
hat. 

CHETE. 6*^ CHEAT* 

CHEW, subs, (common). A small 
portion of tobacco ; a quid. Cf., 
CHEW THE curj. 

1880. JAS. GREENWOOD, Gaol Birds 
at Large. A piece as large as a horse- 
bean, called a CHEW, is regarded as an 
equivalent for a twelve-ounce loaf and a 
meat ration. 

To CHEW ONESELF, verbal phr, 
(American). To get angry. For 
synonyms, see NAB THE RUST. 

To CHEW THE CUD, verbal 
phr. (common). To chew tor 
bacco. 

TO CHEW THE RAG or FAT, 
verbal phr. (military). To 
grumble. 



Ckewallop. 



90 



Chicken. 



c. 1887. BRUNLEES PATTERSON, Life 
in. the Ranks. Some of the 'knowing 
blokes,' prominent among whom will be 
the 'grousers,' will, in all probability, be 

CHEWING THE RAG Or FAT. 

CHEWALLOP! intj. (American). 
An onomatopoeia, representing, it 
is thought, the sound of an object 
falling heavily to the ground or 
into water See CACHUNK. 

1835. HALIBURTON ('Sam Slick'), 
The Clockmaker, 3 S., ch. ii. I felt . . . 
only one stop more [and I] was over head 
and ears CHEWALLOP in the water. 

1888. HOPPE, Englisch - Deutsches 
Supplement-Lexikon, p. 215. It means 
'flat down,' and is a strong expression. 
If a woman, for ex., falls head over heels 
and flat to the ground, they say, 'she 

fell CHEWALLOP.' 

CHEWRE, verb (Old Cant). To 
steal. 

CHIC, subs, (popular). Finish ; ele- 
gance ; spirit ; dash ; style any 
quality \\hich marks a person or 
thing as superior. [Originally a 
French slang term of uncertain 
origin, Littre being inclined to 
trace it to chicane, tact or skill. 
The French chic originally signi- 
fied subtlety, cunning, skill ; 
and, among English painters. TO 

CHIC UP A PICTURE, or TO DO A 
THING FROM CHIC = to work 

without models and out of one's 
own head.] 

1856. LEVER, Martins of Cro 1 M., 
321. The French have invented a slang 
word . . . and by the expression CHIC 
have designated a certain property, by 
which objects assert their undoubted 
superiority over all their counterfeits. 

1866. YATES, Land at Last, I., p. 
no. A certain piquancy and CHIC in 
her appearance. 

1871. London Figaro, 28 Feb. Those 
rollicking break-downs, those screeching 
girls who are so much admired for their 
CHIC, invariably give me a headache. 

Adj. (common). Stylish ; 
elegant; 'up to Dick.' So also 
CHICDOM. [From CHIC + DOM. ] 



1873. Daily News, 9 June. She 
must be ready to stick on a bow here 
and there, to give herself an air of CHIC- 
DOM. The youthful student, however, 
must not go too far in the direction of 
CHIC, . . . the chief thing which dis- 
tinguishes the dress of a lady is the 
absence of those prominent and inharmo- 
nious decorations, etc. 

CHICKABIDDY, subs, (costers'). A 
young girl. See BIDDY. [A 
nursery name for a chicken, com- 
monly used as an endearment.] 
For synonyms, see TITTER. 

CHICK-WOMAN. See * Much 
Ado about Nothing.' Act I, Sc. 
iii. 

CmcKALEARYCovEor BLOKE, subs, 
phr. (costers'). An ' artful mem- 
ber,' otherwise a DOWNY COVE 
(q.v. t for synonyms). 

c. 1869. VANCE, Broadside Ballad. 
I'm a CHICKALEARY COVE, with my one, 
two, three ; Whitechapel was the village 
I was born in. 

CHICKEN, subs, (thieves'). A pint 
pot. Cf., HENS AND CHICKENS 
and CAT AND KITTENS. 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, I., p. 276. The HENS 
AND CHICKENS, of the low lodging-houses 
are the publican's pewter measures ; the 
bigger vessels are hens, the smaller 

CHICKENS. 

No CHICKEN, adv. phr. (com- 
mon). Elderly. [The term 
CHICKEN is often applied to chil 
dren.] 

1720. SWIFT, Stellas Birthday. Pur- 
sue your trade of scandel-picking, Your 
hints that Stella is NO CHICKEN. 

1738. SWIFT, Polite Conversation 
(conv. i). I swear she's NO CHICKEN ; she's 
on the wrong side of thirty if she be a 
day. 

1742. FIELDING, Joseph Andrews, 
bk. II., ch. ix. Adams, who was NO 
CHICKEN, and could bear a drubbing as 
well as any boxing champion in the 
unive'rse. 



Chicken-Butcher. 



Chill. 



1771. SMOLLETT, Humphry Clinker, 
1., 68. The knight swore he was NO 
SUCH CHICKEN, but a tough old rogue, 
that would live long enough to plague all 
his neighbours. 

1717 - 1797. HORACE WALPOLE, 
Letters, III., 308. I made a visit yesterday 
to the Abbess of Panthemont, General 
Oglethorpe's niece, and NO CHICKEN. 

1859. SALA, Gaslight and Daylight, 
ch. v. I am NO CHICKEN (though not the 
gray-headed old fogy that insulting Squirrel 
presumes to call me). 

To COUNT ONE'S CHICKENS 

BEFORE THEY ARE HATCHED, 

verbal phr. (colloquial). To 
reckon beforehand upon a 
successful issue. The Latins said, 
' Don't sing your song of triumph 
before you have won the victory ' 
(antevictoriamcaneretriumphuni}. 
' Don't hallo till you are out of 
the wood ' has a similar meaning, 
and in French, to lose a game as 
good as won = la perdre belle. The 
expression was doubtless popular- 
ised by Butler in his Hudibras 
[see quot., 1664], but it was 
known long prior. 

1579. GOSSON, Ephem., iga. I woulde 
not have him TO COUNTE HIS CHICKENS 
so soone BEFORE THEY BE HATCHT. [M.] 

1664. BUTLER, Hudibras, II., iii., 
923. To swallow gudgeons ere they're 
catch'd. And COUNT THEIR CHICKENS 
ERE THEY'RE HATCHED. 

CHICKEN-BUTCHER, suds. (old). A 
poulterer ; also a sportsman's 
term for anyone shooting imma- 
ture game. 
1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

CHICKEN -FixiNGS,.mfo.( American). 
Properly a hash, stew, or fri- 
cassee of chicken, but the term is 
now applied to any fare out of 
the common, and also to show of 
any kind. French, la gueulardise. 
Cf., COMMON DOINGS. 

1864. A Trip to the South. An 
extraordinary sight were the countless 
waiters, held up to the car-windows at 



Gordonsville by turbaned negro-women, 
filled with coffee-cups, eggs, and the in- 
evitable CHICKEN-FIXINGS, which it was 
henceforth our fate to meet at every rail- 
way depot, till we reached New Orleans. 

18(?). CARLTON, Neiv Purchase, vol. 
II., p. 240. These preachers dress like 
big bugs, and go ridin' about on hundred- 
dollar horses, a-spungin' poor priest-ridden 
folks, and a-eaten CHICKEN-FIXINS so 
powerful fast that chickens has got scarce 
in these diggins. 

CHI-IKE or CHY-ACK, subs, (cos- 
ters'). A street salute ; a word 
of praise. See Coo EY. 

c. 1869. VANCE. The Chick-a-leary 
Cove. Now my pals I'm going to slope, see 
you soon again, I hope, My young woman 
is availing, so be quick, Now join in a 
CHYIKE, the 'jolly' we all like. 

1885. Daily Telegraph, April 6, p. 6, 
col. i. A prosperous butcher . . . gives 
him what Mr. Poleaxer calls a CHI-HIKE 
at his gate as he passes that way in his 
cart, between five and six a.m. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Dictionary, 
s.v. 

Verb. i. To salute or hail. 

1886. Sporting Times, 17 July, j, 2. 
There was no charge for admission. 
Enough. They came, they saw, and they 

CHI-IKED. 

2. (tailors'). To chaff un- 
mercifully. For synonyms, see 
GAMMON, sense i. 

TO GIVE CHI-IKE WITH THE 

CHILL OFF, phr. To scold ; 
abuse. For synonyms, see WIG. 

CHILD. See THIS CHILD. 

CHILDREN'S SHOES. See MAKE 
CHILDREN'S SHOES. 

CHILL or TAKE THE CHILL OFF [of 

liquids], verb (popular). To 
warm. CHILL is a contraction 
of the fuller phrase. 

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, p. 
264. A pint pot, the contents of which, 
were CHILLING on the hob. 



Chime. 



92 



Chink. 



WITH THE CHILL OFF, phr. 
(popular). An expression of (i) 
dissent, (2) depreciation, or (3) 
disbelief. A variant of OVER 
THE LEFT (q.V.). 

CHIME, verb (thieves'). To praise ; 
extol ; puff ; canoodle : especi- 
ally with a view to personal 
advantage. 

CHIMNEY, subs, (common). A 
great smoker ; Fr., un locomotive. 

CHIMNEY CHOPS, subs. (old). A 
negro. [An allusion to colour.] 
For synonyms, see SNOWBALL. 

CHIMNEY-POT, sub's, (common). 
The silk hat worn by men, as 
also by women on horseback. 
Also called a STOVE - PIPE, 

BEAVER, BELL-TOPPER, etc., but 

for synonyms, see GOLGOTHA. 
[An allusion to shape and 
colour.] The French has une 
cheminee. 

1861. Punch, vol. XLI., p. 258. 
' The Riding-Hat Question.' Lucy. ' Now 
tell me, Mary, which is the best ? ' Mary 
(who is rather horsey). ' Well, dear, for 
tea in the arbpur and that sort of thing, 
perhaps the little found one ; but if you 
want to look like going across country, 
the CHIMNEY-POT all to nothing.' 

1864. Spectator, p. 356. The CHIM- 
NEY-POT hat, for the power of ifs trans- 
cendant ugliness beat all the artists, 
penmen, and men of taste in England, ten 
years ago. 

1871. Echo, z March. ' London 
Trades Hatters.' The shape of the 
CHIMNEY-POT is constantly changing, as 
we all know. 

1880. Punch's A Intanack, p. 10. Now, 
why should not gentlemen content them- 
selves with mere underclothing, and dis- 
card the hideous CHIMNEY-POT, Frock 
Coat, and Trousers of the Period, so fatal 
to Pictorial Design ? 

1890. Daily Graphic, Jan. 7, p. 9, 
col. 4. Then the crowd go mad. Up fly 
head-gear, CHIMNEY-POT, and wide-a-wake 
alike, their owners careless of their fate. 



CHIMNEY-SWEEP, subs, (common), 
i. A black draught. Cf., 
' CUSTOM-HOUSE OFFICER. 

2. A clergyman. [In allu- 
sion to the black wear of ' the 
cloth.'] For synonyms, see 
DEVIL - DODGER. Sweeps are 
nicknamed CLERGYMEN. 

CHIN, subs. (American thieves'). 
A child. [ ? A corruption of 
kinchin. ~\ 

Verb (American). i. To 
talk ; to chatter. 

1883. Bread-winners (1884), 161. You 
haven't done a thing but . . . eat pea nuts 
and hear Bott CHIN. [M.] 

1887. New York World. They CHIN 
about the best methods of relieving 
poverty. [M.] 

18(?)- FRANCIS, Saddle and Moccasin. 
He was a worker, and liked nothing better 
than to get into a circle of young cow- 
punchers, and CHIN and josh with them. 

2. To talk or act with brazen 
effrontery. 

CHINAS, subs. (Stock Exchange). 
Eastern Extension Australasian 
and China Telegraph Shares. 

CHIN-CHOPPER, subs, (pugilists'). 
A drive under the chin. For 
synonyms, see DIG. 

CHINK, subs. (old). i. Money; 
ready cash ; also CHINKERS, or 
JINK. For synonyms, see ACTUAL 
and GILT, 

1557. TUSSER, Husbandrie, ch. Ivii., 
St. 43, p. 134 (E.D.Si): To buie it the 
cheaper, haue CHINKES in thy purse. 

1595. SHAKSPEARE Romeo and 
Juliet, Act i., Sc. 5. I nursed her 
daughter, that you talk'd withal ; I tell 
you he that can lay hold of her Shall have 
the CHINKS. 

1603. JOHN DAY, LaivTrickes, Acti. 
They know me rich, Horatio, 
CHINKE, CHINKE ! Whilst this holds out, 
my cause shall never sincke 



Chinkers. 



93 



Chip. 



1630. JONSON, New Inn, I. Where 
every jovial tinker, for his CHINK, May 
cry, Mine host, to crambe ! ' Give us 
drink.' 

1754. B. MARTIN, Eng. Diet., 2 ed., 
s.v. 

18(?). Miss WETHERELL, Glenham- 
Family, ch. xxviii. ' I guess it's some- 
thing else, she had CHINK enough to buy 
shoes with, / know.' 

2. (general). The female 
pudendum. For synonyms, see 
MONOSYLLABLE. 

CHINKERS, subs, (old).-^i. Money 
See CHINK. 

1834. TAYLOR, Ph. van Artevelde, 
pt. II., Hi., i. We're vile crossbow-men, 
and a knight are you, But steel is steel, 
and flesh is still but flesh, So let us see 
your CHINKERS. 

1887. BAUMANN, A Slang Ditty. 
Rum coves that relieve us of CHINKERS 
and pieces, Is gin'rally lagged, Or, wuss 
luck, they gits scragged. 

2. (thieves')* Handcuffs uni? 
ted by a chain. [Derivation ob- 
vious.] For synonyms, see 
BIES. 



CHIN-MUSIC, subs. (American). 
Talk ; chatter ; oratory. Cf., 
CHIN-WAG. The French say 
casser un mot. 

1872. S. L. CLEMENS (' Mark Twain'), 
Roughing It, p. 332. The thing I'm now 
on is to roust out somebody to jerk a little 
CHIN-MUSIC for us. 

1874. S. L. CLEMENS ('Mark Twain'), 
Gilded Age. Whereupon a young sprig 
. . . began to sass [sauce] the conductor 
with his CHIN-MUSIC. 

1876, BESANT AND RICE, Golden 
Butterfly, ch. xxvi. 'I am not,' said he, 
' going to orate. You did not come here, 
I guess, to hear me pay out CHIN-MUSIC. 

' 1883. Bread-Winners, 77. If we 
have joined this order to listen to CHIN- 
MUSIC the rest of our lives. 

CHINNING, verbal subs. (American). 
Chatting j talking, 



CHINNY, adj. (American). Talk- 
ative. [From CHIN, verb, sense 

I, + NY.] 

CHINQUA SOLDI, subs. phr. 
(theatrical). Fivepence. [From 
the Italian.] 

CHINSE, subs. (Winchester College). 
a chance, [Apparently a 
corrupted form of the word.] 

C H I N - W AG , subs . (common). Talk ; 
chatter ; officious impertinence. 

1879, Punch, No. 2061, p. 4. I'd just 
like to have a bit of CHIN-WAG with you 
on the quiet. 

CHIP, subs. (American). I. [In 
plural.] Items of news, more 
especially LOCALS (q.v.), 

2. A reporter who collects 
CHIPS, sense I. 

3. (common). A sovereign. 
See CHIPS, sense 5. 

1883. Miss BRADDON, Phantom 
Fortune, ch. xli. Where i^heafs of bank 
notes were being exchanged for those 
various coloured counters which represented 
divers values, from the respectable ' pony 
to the modest CHIP. 



4. (gaming). See 
subs, sense 2. 



CHIPS, 



Verb (American). To underr 
stand. For synonyms, see TWIG 

18(?). FRANCIS, Saddle and Moccasin. 
I knew at once that they had got scared, 
and had trenched up like a bevy of quails ; 
so I said to Jim, ' Now you let me do the 
talking, when they begin to sing " Indians " 
don't you CHIP?' 

To CHIP IN, verb (common). *. 
To contribute one's share in 
money or kind ; to join in an un* 
dertaking ; to interpose smartly. 

1884. BRET HARTE, In the Tunnel. 
When you'll hear the next fool Asking of 
Flynn Just you CHIP IN, Say you knew 
Flynn. 



Chip. 



94 



Chips 



1869. S. L. CLEMENS (' Mark Twain '), 
Innocents at Home, p. 22. Pard, he was 
a great loss to this town. It would please 
the boys if you could CHIP IN something 
like that, and do him justice. 

1888. American Magazine, Sept. 
A man who won't CHIP IN to charity is 
always an object of suspicion. 

1888. Star, 12 Dec., p. 3, col. 3. 
Justice Smith here CHIPPED IN with the 
remark that counsel . . . had not cur- 
tailed their cross-examination. 



NOT TO CARE A CHIP. 

CARE and FIG. 



See 



BROTHER CHIP, subs. phr. 
(common). ' Brother smut ' ; one 
of the same trade or profession. 

Of., CHIP OF THE OLD BLOCK. 

1862. Penny Newsman. ' Mr. Bernal 
Osborne on Pigs and Politics.' I must 
say I never saw a set of gentlemen, \vho 
were in such excellent condition without 
verging upon obesity (considerable 
laughter). I could have wished, gentle- 
men, that there had been a larger show 
to-day. At the same time as a BROTHER 
CHIP (a laugh) Oh, gentlemen, I am a 
farmer (hear). I am one of those farmers 
that don't understand my business as well 
as I ought. 

CHIP OF THE SAME, or THE 
SAME OLD, BLOCK, sometimes ab- 
breviated tc CHIP, phr. (common). 
A person reproducing certain fa- 
miliar or striking characteristics. 
CHIP = also a man or thing, and 
in this sense is equivalent to 
BLOKE, COVE, CHEAT, etc., all 
of which see. 

c. 1626. Dick of Devonshire, in 
Bullen's Old Plays, ii., 60. Your father 
used to come home to my mother, and 
why may not I be A CHIPP OF THE SAME 
BLOCKE, out of which you two were cutt? 

1762. COLMAN, Musical Lady, II., 
iii. You'll find him his father's own son, I 
believe ; A CHIP OF THE OLD BLOCK, I 
promise you ! 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit, 
ch. xviii., p. 189. 'Yes, yes, Chuffey, 
Jonas is a CHIP OF THE OLD BLOCK. It's 
a very old block now, Chuffey,' said the 
old man. 



1860. Funny Fellow, May 7, p. i. 
Hollo, my kiddy, stir your stumps, And 
chuck yourself about ; Make haste, young 
CHIP, my boots to shine, Or your shine I'll 
quick take out. 

1865. M. E. BRADDON, Henry Dun- 
bar t ch. xxxviii. I was in love myself 
once, though I do seem such a dry old 

CHIP. 

CHIP IN PORRIDGE, BROTH, 

etc., phr. (common). An old 
phrase signifying a thing of no 
moment ; a nonentity. 

1686. GOAD, Celest. Bodies, I., xvii., 
108. The Sextile is no CHIP IN BROTH 
. . . but a very considerable Engine. [M.] 

1688. Vox Cleri Pro Rege, 56. A 
sort of CHIP IN POTTAGE, which (he 
hopes) will not do Popery much good, nor 
the Church of England much harm. [M.] 

1849. SIR CHAS. NAPIER, as quoted 
in N. and Q., i S., i., p. 383. 'The 
reviews which the Commander-in-Chief 
makes of the troops are not to be taken as 
so many CHIPS IN PORRIDGE.' 

1880. Church Times, 25 June. The 
Burials Bill ... is thought ... to re- 
semble the proverbial CHIP IN PORRIDGE, 
which does neither good nor harm. [M.] 



CHIPPER, adj. (American).- 
active ; ready to ' chip in. 



Fit'; 



CHIPPY, adj. (common). Unwell; 
seedy. Generally used to de- 
scribe the results of over-indul- 
gence in eating, drinking, etc. 
Cf., CHEAP. 

1877. Belgra-via, April, p. 235. After 
two copious libations of the above [B. 
and S.], a man is apt to feel CHIPPY next 
morning. 

1884. HAWLEY SMART, From Post to 
Finish [Ry. ed.], p. 157. A dozen cigars 
a day make one feel dreadfully CHIPPY in 
the morning. 

CHIPS, subs. (old). I. A carpenter, 
Fourbesque equivalents are gan- 
gherino and zanarino, whilst the 
Gaunersprache has Mepaie. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
A nick-name for a carpenter. 



Chirp. 



95 



Chirpy. 



J851. Chambers Paper, No. 52, p. 20. 
The carpenter, a rough hardy Swede, 
rejoicing in the name of Burstrome, was 
not offended in the slightest degree at 
being called CHIPS even by the black 
cuddy servant. 

1883. CLARK RUSSELL, Sailors Lan- 
guage, pref. , xii. The carpenter is more 
politely termed CHIPS. 

2. (gaming). Counters used 
in games of chance. Cf. t CHECKS. 

1869. S. L. CLEMENS (' Mark Twain '), 
Innocents at Home, ch. ii. Don't put up 
another CHIP till I look at my hand. 

3. (American). Cards. [Mr. 
C. Nordhoff writing to Mr. John 
Camden Hotten, on I May, 1865, 
states that ' CHIPS = slang for 
cards.'] 

4. (common). Money. [This 
usage is derived through sense 2, 
and passes naturally to sense 5 



1877. W. BLACK, Green Past, and 
Pice., ch. xlix. You kent fool away your 
hand and keep the CHIPS. 

1885. Sporting' Times, 23 May. ' The 
Chorister' Promise.' The landlady came 
and knocked at the door (Sing Fulham 
Road), Saying she'd have to clear out, 
and swore She'd distrain on her wardrobe 
what was more (Because of the CHIPS she 
owed). 

5. (general). A sovereign. 
Used both in sing, and pi. See 
quot. under CHIP, sense 3, 
and Cf., preceding sense. 

6. (Wellington College). -A 
kind of grill, so called from its 
hardness. 

To HAND IN ONE'S CHIPS, phr. 
(gamblers'). To die. [For prob- 
able derivation, see CHECKS.] 

CHIRP, verb (thieves'). I. To talk. 
For synonyms, see PATTER. 
Grose has CHIRPING MERRY = 
exhilarated with liquor. 



1884. J. GREENWOOD. The Little 
Ragamuffins. I firmly resolved to CHIRP, 
when I was taken before the magistrate to 
give evidence, as little as possible. 



2. To inform, 
nyms, see PEACH. 



For syno- 



CHIRPER, subs, (common). i. A 
singer. 

2. (common). A glass or 
tankard. 

1862. GEORGE MEREDITH, Juggling 
Jerry Poems. Hand up the CHIRPER ! 
ripe ale winks in it ; Let's have comfort 
and be at peace. Once a stout draught 
made me light as a linnet. Cheer up ! the 
Lord must have his lease. 

3. (common). The mouth. 
For synonyms, see POTATO TRAP. 

4. (music-hall). One of a 
gang frequenting the stage doors 
of music-halls to blackmail the 
singers. If money be refused 
them, they go into the auditorium 
and hoot, hiss, and groan at the 
performer. [Cf., CHIRRUP, quot.. 
1888.] 

1889. Daily News, 2 July, p. 2. 
Singularly enough the Canterbury Music- 
hall . . . was mentioned in one of the night- 
charges, two men known as CHIRPERS or 
CHIRRIPERS being brought before Mr. 
Biron. 



CHIRPY, adj. (colloquial). Cheer- 
ful ; lively. [P>om CHIRP = 
babble of birds, + Y.] 

1837. J. BATES, in Ht. Martineau, 
Soc. Amer., III., 332. It makes me 
CHIRPY to think of Roseland. 

1879. JUSTIN MCCARTHY. Donna 
Quixofe, ch. xxxv. To Charlton this 
appeared gravely ominous . . . Paulina, 
on the other hand, was what she would 
herself have called CHIRPY. 

1882. BESANT , A II Sorts and Condi 
tions of Men, ch. xx., p. 146. He r lady- 
ship pu quite a CHIRPY face upo n Jt. 



Chirnip. 



Chiselling. 



CHIRRUP, "verb (music-hall). To 
cheer or applaud under a system 
of blackmail. [The term appears 
to have come into vogue in the 
early part of 1888. See quots. 
under CHIRRUPER ; also Cf.\ 
CHIRPER, sense 4, nnd CHIRRUP- 
ING.] 

CHIRRUPER. See CHIRPER, senses 
I and 4, Fr., un intime. 

1888. Pall Mall Gazette^ 6 Mar., p. 
4, col. 2. A CHIRRUPER . . . excused 
himself at the Lambeth Police Court 
yesterday by alleging that ' he thought 
there was no harm in it.' 

1888. J. PAVN, in Illustrated London 
Ne r :vs, 17 Mar., p. 268. The . . . singers 
in music-halls cannot ... do without him 
(the CHIRRUPER). [M.] 

CHIRRUPING, verbal subs, (music- 
hall) Hanging about stage 
doors to intercept the ' artistes,' 
and extort money with a state- 
ment that the performer who 
' parts ' will be applauded. [For 
suggested, but very dubious, de- 
rivation, see quot., and />, 
CHIRPER, sense 4.] 

1888. Pall Mall Gazette, 9 March, 
p. 14. CHIRRUPING. Mr. Rintoul Mitchell 
writing from the Savage Club [asks] to 
add a hint as to the etymology of the 
word. It is not remote. The French 
argot for blackmail is chantage. Such 
paltry operations as those reported from 
the Lambeth music-hall do not merit the 
description of singing they are simply 
twittering or CHIRRUPING. 

CHISEL, CHIZZLE, or CHUZZLE, 

verb (common). To cheat. 
[Possibly an extension of the 
orthodox meaning of the Verb in 
the sense of * to cut, shave, or 
pare with a chisel to an exces.- 
sive degree.' Jamieson (1808) 
gives CHISEL as to cheat, or act 
deceitfully. Current during the 
first half of the present century, 



it seems first to have appeared in 
literature about 1840. Cf., 
GOUGE, SHAVE, SKIN, and other 
words of a kindred type.] For 
synonyms, see STICK. 

1844. Illustrated London News, 25 
May. 'The Derby.' They have CHISELED 
the peaman and no mistake about that. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and L on. Poor, vol. III., p. 78. When we 
got home at night we shared zs. a piece. 
There was five of us altogether ; but I 
think they CHISSELLED me. 

1858. Savannah Republican, 17 May. 
When the books were overhauled by the 
Committee, it was found that . . the 
stockholders would be CHISELLED out of 
a pretty considerable sum. 

1865. Saturday Review, April. Mr, 
Hptten has given the supposed classical 
originals of ' Dickey ' and of ' Skedaddle.' 
He might have traced the slang verb TO 
CHISEL to the Latin deascio and deruncinc. 

1865. G. A, SALA, Trip to Barbary, 
ch. xx. To ' carrotter ' any one, say an 
uncle or a creditor, is to CHIZZLE or 
' chouse ' or ' do ' him out of his property 
amidst assurances of high-flown benevo r 
lence and exalted integrity. 

TO GO FULL CHISEL, phi'. 

(American). To go at full speed 
or ' full drive ' ; to show intense 
earnestness ; to use great force j 
to go off brilliantly. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker 
(1862), 95. The long shanks of a bittern 
. > . a drivin' away like mad, FULL CHISEL 
arter a frog. 

1878. MRS. STOWE, Ppganuc P., ix., 
76. Then he'd turn and run up the narrow 
way, FULL CHISEL. [M.] 

CHISELLING, verbal subs. Cheating. 
[C/., CHISEL, verb.] Variants 
are BAMMING ; BITING ; BEST- 

' ING ; GOUGING, etc. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, p. 
298. Other efforts at cheating are desig- 
nated as CHISSELLING not as some have 
believed from the practice of CHISELLING, 
that is, opening by means of cold chisels 
the safes of banks and merchants, since 
the term is much older than the intro- 
duction of safes. 



Chit. 



97 



CHIT, subs. (Anglo-Indian). i. A 
letter ; corruption of a Hindoo 
word. 

1785. In Seton-Karr, I., 114. [They] 
may know his terms by sending a CHIT. 
[M.] 

1887. Chamb. /our,, 25 June, p. 411. 
He had brought a note or CHITTI, as they 
call it in those parts [Bengal]. 

2. (society). An order for 
drinks in clubs, etc. [Obviously 
an extended use of sense I. In 
India the practice of writing 
CHITS or notes on the smallest 
provocation has always been 
carried to excess.] 

3. (common). A girl, under 
age and undersized. For general 
synonyms, see TITTER. 

4. subs. (Scots). Food eaten 
in the hand : as a THUMBER 
(g.v.), a workman's lunch, and a 
child's PIECE (y.v.). 

CHITTERLINGS, suds. (old). The 
shirt frills once fashionable. 
[Properly the entrails of a pig, 
to which they are supposed to 
bear some resemblance.] 

CHITTY, subs, (tailors'). An assis- 
tant cutter or trimmer. 

CHITTY-FACED, adj. (old). Thin; 
weazened ; baby-faced. Cf., CnlT, 
sense 3; 

1601. MUNDAY, Down/. R. Ea*-l of 
Huntingdon^ I., iii. You halfe-fac't groat, 
you thick [? thin] cheekt CHITTI-FACE. 

[M.] 

1621. BURTON, Anat. ofMelan, [2nd 
ed.], p. 519. A thin, lean, CHITTY-FACE. 

1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew. 

1725. New Cant. Diet. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vuig. Tongue. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. 

1859. HOTTEN, Slang Diet. 

CHIV. See CHIVE. 



CHIVALRY, subs. (old). Coition. 
[From the Lingua Franca or O. F. 
chevaulcher.~\ For synonyms, see 
GREENS and Cf., RIDE. 

CHIVE or CHIV, subs, (thieves'). 
i. A knife. [The Gypsy has 
CHIVE, to stab.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Arkan- 
sas toothpick (a bowie knife) ; 
cabbage-bleeder ; whittle ; gully ; 
jocteleg (a clasp knife : a corrup- 
tion of Jacques de Liege) ; snick- 
ersnee (nautical); cuttle ; cuttle- 
bung ; pig-sticker. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un bince 
(thieves') ; un coupe-lard (popu- 
lar : literary * a bacon slicer,' 
lard being used as the English 
' bacon ' for the human body) ; 
un coupe-sijflet (thieves' : couper 
le sifflet d quelqu'un = ' to cut 
any one's throat ') ; un Hngre or 
lingue (thieves' : from Langres, a 
manufacturing town) ; un trente- 
deux or un vingt-deux (thieves' : 
originally terms used by Dutch 
and Flemish thieves') ; un chourin 
or surin (thieves' : possibly from 
the Gypsy churi, 'a knife'); un 
pliant (thieves') ; une petite flambe 
(thieves' : also a sword, said by 
Michel to be derived from filam- 
berge^ the name of the sword of 
Renaud de Montauban. A/ettre 
Jlamberge au vent=^ <i to draw'). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Hecht- 
ling ; Kaut (possibly connected 
with the English ' cut ') ; JMandel 
or Mandle: (Viennese thieves': 
in the Gaunersprache = ' a man,' 
especially a little one); Sackin, 
Sackem, Sackum, Zatkin, 
Zacken (from the Hebrew sochan)-, 
Schorin or ^chorie (from the Gypsy 
churi, which in Hanover appears 
as Czuri). 

7 



Chive-Fencer. 



98 



Chiving Lay. 



ITALIAN SYNONYM. Bacchdto. 

PORTUGUESESYNONYM. Sarda. 

1674. R. HEAD, Canting Academy, 
12. He takes his CHIVE and cuts us down. 

1714. Memoirs of John Hall (4 ed.), 
p. n. CHIEVE, knife. 

1785. GROSE, Diet, of the Vulgar 
Tongue ', s.v. 

1828. JON. BEE, Picture of London, 
p. 26. Some of these accomplices also 
carry a CHIV, or knife. 

1837. DISRAELI, Venetia, ch. xiv. 
' Berwnu,' he shouted, ' gibela CHIV for 
the gentry cove.' 

187P. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm, 
Mag., XL., 503. So we had a fight, and 
he put the CHIVE (knife) into me. 

2. See CHIVEY. 

Verb. To stab; lo 'knife.' 

1725. New Cant. Diet. To CHIVE 
his Darbies : to saw asunder his Irons. 

1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Diet., s.v. 
To CHIV a person is to stab or cut him 
with a knife. 

1868. CasselFs Magazine, May, p. 80. 
He [a bushranger] was as good a man as 
Jackyat any weapon that could be named, 
and if Jacky were game for a CHIVING 
(stabbing) match, he (Kavanagh) was 
ready for him. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
Mag., XL., 503. After the place got well 
where I was CHIVED. 



CHIVE-FENCER, subs, (costers'). A 
street hawker of cutlery. [From 
CHIVE, a knife, + FENCE or FEN- 
CER, a receiver of stolen property.] 

CHIVEY or CHIVVY, subs, (common). 
A shout ; greeting or cheer. 
Cf. t CHI-IKE. 

Verb (common). To 'guy'; 
to chase round or hunt about ; to 
throw or pitch about. Also 
CHEVY. [Mr. C. G. Leland says 
in Annandale (vol. I., 460) 
CHIVVY is a common English 
word, meaning to goad, drive* 



vex, hunt, or throw as it were 
here and there. It is purely 
Gypsy. Chiv in Rommany 
means anything sharp-pointed, as 
a dagger, goad, or knife. The 
old Gypsy word chiv among its 
numerous meanings has exactly 
that of casting, throwing, pitch- 
ing, and driving. Murray, 
however, inclines to derive it 
from Chevy Chase, the scene of a 
famous Border skirmish ; in any 
case the usage is modern, but see 
quot., 1821.] So also CHIVIED, 

CHIVEYING, etc. 

1821. M.ONCRiEFF,Tomand/erry,l., 
vii. Log. Come along, then. Now, 
Jerry, CHIVEY ! Jerry. CHIVEY? Log. 
Mizzle! Jeiry. Mizzle? Log. Tip your 
rags a gallop ! Jerry. Tip my rags a 
gallop? . . . Log. Bolt! Jerry. Bolt? 
Oh, aye ! I'm fly now. You mean go. 

1.840. GEN. P. THOMPSON, Exerc. 
(1842), V. 50. The other side are to blame, 
if they do not, as we should say in the 
dragoons ' CHEVY ' them back again. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and L on. Poor, vol. III., p. 44. I never 
had patience enough to try and kill fleas 
by my process ; it would be too much of a 
CHIVEY to please me. 

1863. H. KINGSLEY, Austin Elliot, 
ch. xxxix. The dog . . . used to CHIVY 
the cats into the window among the bon 
bons, and play the deuce and all. 

1864. Eton School-days, ch. xiv., 
p. 168. Burke, however, ran the faster of 
the two, and after a short CHIVEY, 
succeeded in capturing him; 

1868. Miss BRADDON, Trail of the 
Serpent, bk. VI., ch. iv. The Board of 
Health came a-CHiVYiNG of us to take up 
pur floorings, and limewash ourselves 
inside. 

1871. Daily frews^ Report, ' A Repub- 
lican Demonstration in Hyde Park, on 
Sunday, April 17.' A comparatively 
decent man selling ' A History of Ireland ' 
was mobbed and CHIVIED from side to 
side. 

CHIVING LAY, subs. phr. (old). 
Cutting the braces of coaches 
behindj whereupon, the coachman 
quitting the box, ah accomplice 



Chivy. 



99 



Choke Off. 



broke and robbed the boot. Also 
cutting through the back of the 
coach to snatch the large and 
costly wigs then fashionable. 
Grose. [From CHIVE, a knife. ] 

CHIVY or CHEVY, subs, (thieves'). 
The face. For synonyms, see 
DIAL. 

c. 1886. Music Hall Song; ' 'Aint he 
got an artful CHEVY.' 

Verb. To scold; to bullyrag. 
For synonyms, see WIG. 

CHOAKEE. See CHOKEY. 

CHOCK, verb (streets').- -To strike 
a person under the chin. [Pro- 
bably a corruption of TO CHUCK, 
i.e., ( chuc"k under the chin.'] 
See CHOCKER. 

CHOCKER, jtt&r. (streets'). A man. 
Generally OLD CHOCKER, and 
thus comparable with OLD 
CODGER (q.v.). The term is not 
however, used in contempt ; 
presumably, therefore, it signi- 
fies a manly man, i.e., one who 
is capable of l chocking. ' See 
CHOCK. 

CHOCOLATE. To GIVE CHOCOLATE 

WITHOUT SUGAR, phr. (old). 

To reprove; Grose [1785], and 
Lexical Balatronicum [1811]. 

CHOKE-DOG, subs, (common). 
Cheese ; especially that made in 
Devonshire. 

1870. Good Words, March. As I 
have said before, the Dorsetshire hind is 
undoubtedly under-fed. Bread and CHOKE- 
DOG, as he calls his county's cheese, etc. 
these, as I have said before, are the 
thief items in his bill of fare. 

CHOKE OFF, verb (common). To 
get rid off; to put a stop to ; and 
in a milder sense, ' to run con- 



trary to.' [In the first instance 
the idea was associated with the 
throttling of bull-dogs to make 
them loose their hold ; but the 
editor of a recent edition of the 
Slang Dictionary (Mr. Henry M. 
Sampson of The Referee} adds en 
parenthese, 'Of course by these 
who don't know the scientific 
way used in canine exhibitions 
and dog-fights of biting their 
tails till they round to bite the 
biter.'] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. To shut 
off; to shunt ; to fub off; to 
rump ; to cold shoulder. For 
synonyms in a more emphatic 
sense, see FLOOR. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Envoyer 
quelqu'un s'asseoir (popular : Cf., 
' to set one down ') ; arreter les 
frais (' to put a stop to proceed- 
ings.') 

1818. COBBETT, Pol. Rfg., XXXIII., 
72. The Duke's seven mouths . . . made 
the Whig party CHOAK OFF Sheridan. 
[M.] 

1848. New York Exp., 21 Feb. 
(Bartlett). In the House ... of ... 
Representatives. The operation of CHOK- 
ING OFF a speaker was very funny, and 
reminded me of the lawless conduct of fight- 
ing school-boys. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 155. ' That 
will do, mother, he said ; ' I think I have 
had my five shillings' worth ' ; but the 
gipsy would not be CHOKED OFF until she 
had finished the patter she had learnt by 
heart. 

1870. London Figaro, 26 November. 
The hair-oil vendor was proceeding in 
this strain of eulogium on the virtues of 
his particular invigorating application 
when he was gently but firmly CHOKED 
OFF. 

1883. Graphic, July 7, p. u, col. 2. 
English dealers attend these fairs with 
the object of purchasing these noble- 
looking animals, but prices have now 
risen to 20 per head, and the English 
demand is being CHOKED OFF. 



Choker. 



100 



Chokey. 



CHOKER, subs, (common). i. A 
cravat ; primarily the large neck- 
erchief once worn high round the 
neck. Sometimes WHITE CHOKER 
(q.v. ), the white neckerchief pe- 
culiar to evening dress. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Neck- 
inger ; tie (this is now technical, 
but was formerly a slang term); 
crumpler. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un col- 
lier or cotdant ; un blave or bla- 
vin ; un epiploon (students'). 

1848. THACKERAY, Book of Snobs, 
ch. i., p. 146. The usual attire of a gen- 
tleman, viz., pumps, a gold waistcoat, a 
crush hat, a sham frill, and a WHITE 

CHOKER. 

1853. WH. MELVILLE, Digby Grand, 
ch. xix. Cram oh a wrap-rascal and a 
shawl CHOAKER. Never mind the gold- 
laced overalls and spurs. 

18."3. REV. E. BRADLEY ('Cuthbert 
Bede'), Verdant Green, pt. I., p. 72. I'll 
take off his CHOKER and make him easy 
about the neck, and then we'll shut him 
up and leave him. Why, the beggar's 
asleep already. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes l ch. vii. 
There's Mr. Brown, who oils his hair, 
and weajs rings, and WHITE CHOKERS 
my eyes! such WHITE CHOKERS! and 
yet we call him the handsome snob ! 

1869. Orchestra, 20 August. I found 
myself elbowing a fellow-countryman in a 
button-up waistcoat, and WHITE CHOKER ! 

1871. London Figaro, 13 May, p. 3, 
col. 3. ' Bill ain't hungry this morning," 
she repeated ; ' or the cove with the 
WHITE CHOKER 'ud be safe to collar. But 
look ! ' 

2. (popular). An all-round 
collar. Cf.j ALL-ROUNDER. 

1869. New York Herald, 6 Sept. 
' Prince Arthur in Canada.' A neat and 
elegant black dress coat, closely buttoned, 
pants of a light drab hue, a CHOKER 
collar of enormous size, and a black silk 
tile, were the garments most conspicuous 

3. (common). A garotter. 
Set WIND-STOPPER. 



4. (thieves'). A cell ; prison ; 
lock up. See CHOKEY. 

1884. St. James s Gazette, Jan. 4, 
p. 12, col. He preferred to go to 

CHOKER. 

5. (thieves'). The hang- 
man's rope or ' squeezer ' ; a hal- 
ter. For synonyms, see HORSE'S 

NIGHTCAP. 

WHITE-CHOKER, subs, (com- 
mon). A clergyman. [In allu- 
sion to the white ties worn by ' the 
cloth.'] For synonyms, see DEVIL- 
DODGER. 

1849. Punch's Almanack. The Swell 
Mobsman's Almanack. Plant about Exeter 
'All, in May take old ladies on way to 
'All, as they generally hempties into the 
plate. The VITE CHOKERS may be fin- 
gured on their way 'ome as they mostly 
brings hoff a pocketful. 

1852. Comic Almanack. ' Modes of 
addressing persons of various ranks.' The 
Clergy as a body, you will speak of as 
the WHITE-CHOKERS, The lay aristocracy 
are simply styled The Nobs. 

CHOKERED, ppl. adj. (common). 
Wearing a CHOKER (q.v.). 

1866. London Review, 7 April, p. 388, 
col. 1. A whitebait waiter is admirably 

CHOKERED. 



CHOKEY, CHOKY, CHOKEE or 
CHOKER, subs, (common). i. A 
prison. [Indian : from Hindi 
chaukt, a shed, station, or lock- 
up. In use from 1698 onwards 
and transferred to English slang 
early in the present century.] 
The Queen's Bench prison has 
been called the QUEEN'S CHOKEY. 
For synonyms, see CAGE. 

1836. MICHAEL SCOTT, Cruise of the 
Midge (ed. 18), p. 107. Lord, but it's 

CHOKEY ! 

1866. London Miscellany, March 3, 
p. 58, col. i. I've jist crept out o' 
CHOKEY. This is the twenty-ninth time 
I've been took that way, and I'm jist 
gone twenty. 



CJionkeys, 



101 



Chop. 



1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. ii., p. 131. Both were marched off 
to CHOKEE, and I have no doubt got 
punished. 



1877. BESANT AND RICE, This Son 

ulcan, II., ch. vi., p. 
this stranger, and, by God, 
of the peace, and I'll 
CHOKEE for a month. 



. , 

of Vulcan, II., ch. vi., p. 223. Find out 

this stranger, and, by God, I'm a justice 

of the peace, and I'll cool his heels in 



1884. Daily News, Sept. 24, p. 3, 
col. i. Wright . . . would get two or 
three days' CHOKY (i.e., bread and water). 

2. ^ (prison). A cell, specially 
a punishment cell. For synonyms, 
see CLINCH. 

1889. Answers, 30 March, p. 280, 
col. 2. But I am reminded that I have 
not yet described that horrible institution 
known as the dark cell CHOKEY, we 
convicts called it. 



C MONKEYS, suds, (common). See 
quot. 

ia51-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 208. CHONKEVS, 
or a kind of mincemeat baked in crust. 

CHOP, subs, (old). i. A blow. 
Once (in the sixteenth and seven- 
teenth centuries) literary ; and still 
respectable in a ' chopping ' i.e., 
a beating ' sea. ' 

2. An exchange ; a barter. 

Cf., CHOP AND CHANGE. 

1876. C. HINDLEY, Life and Ad-ven- 
tures of a Cheap Jack, p. 140. I pur- 
chased, or more properly speaking, had a 
CHOP with a wooden bowl maker from 
Chesham. 

Verb (colloquial). i. To ex- 
change ; to barter : as, TO CHOP 
LOGIC = to give argument for 
argument ; and TO CHOP STORIES 
= to * cap ' one anecdote with 
another. Also to change quarters : 
as ' the wind CHOPPED round to 
the north.' Cf., SWAP, 

1554. LA TIMER, wks, (1845), II., 433. 
Shall we go about to CHOP away this 
good occasion, which God offereth us. 
IM.] 



1693. SHADWELL, Volunteers, IV. 
(1720), iv., 467. Horses that are jades . . . 
may be CHOPT away or sold in Smith- 
field. [M.] 

1871. City Press, Jan. 21. 'Curiosities 
of Street Literature.' He hangs out in 
Monmouth - court. And wears a pair of 
blue-black breeches, Where all the ' Polly 
Cox's crew ' do resort, To CHOP their 
swag for badly-printed dying speeches. 

2. To eat a chop. 

1841. MRS. GORE, Cecil, xx. I 
would rather have CHOPPED at the ' Blue 
Posts ' as I once did, fifteen years before. 
[M.] 

1887. SALA, Illustrated London 
News, Feb. 5, 144. I went one day . . . 
to CHOP at the ' Cock.' [M.] 

3. (colonial). See quot. 

1871. Sheffield Telegraph, April. 
West African (New Calabar) slang for 
cannibalistic practice. He's CHOPPED, 
i.e., he is eaten. 

CHOP AND CHANGE, subs. phr. 

(colloquial). Ups and downs; 
vicissitudes ; changes of fortune. 

1759-67. STERN a, Tristam Shandy 
[ed. 1772], I., ch. xi. [Surnames] which, 
in a course of years, have generally under- 
gone as many CHOPS AND CHANGES as 
their owners. 

1835. MARRY AT, Jacob Faithful, xvi. 
At last we were all arranged . . . although 
there were several CHOPS AND CHANGES 
about until the order ol precedence could 
be correctly observed. 

1845. HOOD, To Kitchener, iii. Like 
Fortune, full of CHOPS AND CHANGES. 

1849-50. TH ACKER AY, Pendennis, III., 
p. 423. I have heard of all that has hap- 
pened, and all the CHOPS AND CHANGES 
that have taken place during my absence, 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, II., 238. The accounts of 
such transactions for a series of years, with 
all their CHOPS AND CHANGES^ 

Verbal phr., trs. and; intrs. 
To barter; buy and sell; ex- 
change ; change tactics ; veer 
frequently from one side to the 
other ; vacillate, etc. 

1485. Digby Myst. (1882), v., 641. I 
. . . CHOPPEANDCHAUNGEwithSymonye, 
and take 'arge yiftes. [M.^ 



Chop- Chop. 



102 Chop the Winners. 



1593. G. HARVEY, Pierces Super., in 
wks. II., 115. To mangle my sentences, 
hack my arguments, CHOPP AND CHANGE 
my phrases. 

1672. WYCHERLEY, Love in a Wood., 
wks. V. (1713), 431. We have CHOP'D 
AND CHANG'D, and hid our Christina's so 
long, and often, that at last, we have 
drawn each of us our own? 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet. CHOP 
Church, CHANGING of one Church for 
another. 

1883. PRINCIPAL SHAIRP, in Good 
Words, Jan., p. 27. The politicians 
seemed bent on making the Church a tool 
which they might CHOP AND CHANGE as 
the political wind blew. 

FIRST CHOP, SECOND CHOP, 
etc. (q.v.}. 

CHOP-CHOP, adv. (pidgin). Im- 
mediately ; quickly. 

1878. JAS. PAYN, By Proxy, ch. ii. 
1 Chow-chow is not fish, but food,' ex- 
plained Conway, laughing, 'and CHOP- 
CHOP only means directly.' 

CHOPPER or CHOPPING BLOW, subs. 
(pugilistic). i. See quotation. 
For synonyms, see DIG, BANG, 
and WIPE. 

1819. THOS. MOORE, Torn Crib's 
Memorial to Congress, pref., p. 30. A 
CHOPPER is a blow, struck on the face with 
the back of the hand. Mendoza claims 
the honour of its invention, but unjustly ; 
he certainly revived, and considerably 
improved it. It was practised long before 
our time Brpughton occasionally used it ; 
and Slack, it also appears, struck the 
CHOPPER in giving the return in many of 
his battles. 

2. (trade). A sausage maker. 

1865. Pall Mall Gazette, 4 Sept., 
p. 9, col. 2. I was glad to get it off to a 
CHOPPER at last. . . . Dr. Letheby 
explained that a CHOPPER is the trade 
term for a sausage maker. 

TO HAVE A CHOPPER, or BUT- 
TON, o>^,phr. (printers'). To be 
miserable ; ' down in the dumps ' 
tfr in a fit of the ' blues.' 



CHOPPING, adj. (old). Sexually 
forward ; said of girls unduly 
'vain and amatorious.' [An ex- 
tension in sense of CHOPPING = 
strapping, thumping, bouncing, 
etc.] The French express it by 
avoir la cuisse gate. 

CHOPPING-BLOCK, subs, (pugilistic). 
A man like a butcher's block, 
i.e., who .takes an immense 
amount of ' punishment ' in a 
fight without the science or the 
strength to return it. 

CHOPS. TO LICK THE CHOPS, Mr. 
(common). See quots. [CHOPS 
= the mouth, lips, jaws.] Fr., 
les jaffes. 

1655. FELLOWES, tr., Milton's znd 
Defence, 227. The sight of this egg . . . 
caused our monarchy-men , . . to MCK 
THEIR CHOPS. [M.] 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 6. Manager. 
Of course then the Tories wiU take office ? 
Punch. I rayther suspect they will. 
Have they not been LICKING THEIR CHOPS 
for ten years outside the Treasury door 
while the sneaking Whigs were helping 
themselves to all the fat tit-bits within ? 

DOWN IN THE CHOPS or 
MOUTH, phr. (colloquial). Sad, 
melancholy. Cf. t To HAVE A 

CHOPPER ON. 

1830. SIR E. B. LYTTON, Paul 
Clifford, p. 28, ed. 1854. ' Vy, Paul, my 
kid, you looks DOWN IN THE CHOPS ; 
cheer up, care killed a cat.' 

1868. BREWER, Phrase and Fable. 
DOWN IN THE CHOPS i.e., down in the 
mouth ; in a melancholy state ; with the 
mouth drawn down. Chop or chap is 
Saxon for mouth ; we still say a pig's 
chap. 

CHOP THE WHINERS, verbal phr. 
(thieves'). To say prayers. 
[From an extended use of 
CHOP in the sense of to 
bandy words hence to speak + 
WHINERS (q.v.), prayers.] Fr., 
matiger sa paillasse. 



Ckortle. 



Chouse. 



1830. BULWER LYTTON, Paul 
Clifford, p. 2, ed. 1854. I tells you, I vent 
first to Mother Bussblour's, who, I knows, 
CHOPS THE WHINERS morning and evening 
to the young ladies, and I axes there for a 
Bible, and she says, says she, ' I 'as only 
a Companion to the //alter ! but you'll get 
a Bible, I think at Master Talkins the 
cobbler as preaches.' 

1857. Punch, 31 Jan. For them 
coves in Guildhall and that blessed Lord 
Mayor, Prigs on their four bones should 
CHOP WHINERS I swear. 

CHORTLE, verb (popular). To 
chuckle ; to laugh in one's sleeve ; 
to 'snort.' [Introduced by 
Lewis Carrol in Through the Look- 
ing Glass. See quot.] 

1872. LEWIS CARROL, Through 
Looking Glass, i. ' O frabjous day ! 
Callooh ! Callay!' He CHORTLED in his 

joy. . 

1876. BESANT AND RICE, Golden 
Butterfly, xxxii., 242. It makes the 
cynic and the worldly-minded man to 
chuckle and CHORTLE with an open joy. 

1887. Athena-urn, 3 Dec., p. 751, 
col. i. A means of exciting cynical 

CHORTLING. 

1888. Daily News, 10 Jan., p. 5, 
col. 2. So may CHORTLE the Anthropo- 
phagi. [M.] 

CHOSEN TWELVE. See APOSTLES. 

CHOUSE, subs, (colloquial). I. A 
trick ; swindle ; sham ; or ' SELL ' 
(q.v.}. [From CHOUSE, a cheat, 
trickster, or swindler, through 
the verb. The derivation is thus 
discussed and weighed by Dr. 
Murray : 'As to the origin of 
the Eng. use, Gifford (1814), in 
a note on the quot. from Ben 
Jonson, says, ' In 1609, Sir 
Robt. Shirley sent a messenger 
or CHIAUS to this country, as his 
agent from the Grand Signior 
and the Sophy to transact some 
preparatory business.' The lat- 
ter ' CHIAUSED the Turkish and 
Persian merchants of ,4,000,' 
and decamped. But no trace of 



this incident has yet been found 
outside of Gifford's note ; it was 
unknown to Peter Whalley, a 
previous editor of Ben Jonson, 
1756 ; also to Skinner, Ilenshaw, 
Dr. Johnson, Todd, and others 
who discussed the history of the 
word. Yet most of these re- 
cognised the likeness of CHOUSE 
to the Turkish word, which 
Henshaw even proposed as the 
etymon on the ground that the 
Turkish CHIAUS * is little better 
than a fool.' Gifford's note 
must therefore be taken with re- 
serve.'] The word is also used 
at Eton in this sense, but see 
sense 2, which is the commoner. 
Variously spelt CHIAUS, CHEWS, 
SHOWSE, GHOWSE, and CHOUSE. 

1610. BEN JONSON, Alchymist, I., 
ii., 25. ' D. What do you think of ire? 
That I am a CHIAUSE ? Face. What's 
that? D. The Turk [who] was here. As 
one would say, doe you think I am a 
Turke ? ' 

1639. FORD, Lady's Trial, II., i. 
Gulls, or Moguls, Tag, rag, or other, 
hogen-mogen, vanden, Skip-jacks, or 
CHOUSES. 

1672. WYCHERLEY, Love in a Wood, 
I., i., wks. (1713), 343. You are no better 
than a CHOUSE, a cheat. 

1673. WYCHERLEY, Gent. Dane. Mas- 
ter, III., in wks. (1713), 295. Headancing- 
master, he's a CHOUSE, a cheat, a meer 
cheat. 

1754. B. MARTIN, Eng. Diet. (2 ed.). 

2. (Eton College). A shame'; 
an imposition. 

1864. Atheneeum. When an Eton 
boy says that anything is ' a beastly 
CHOUSE,' he means that it 5s a great 
shame ; and when an Eton peripatetic 
tradesman is playful enough to call his 
customer 'a little CHOUSER,' he means that 
a leaf has been taken out of his own book 
by one on whom he has practised. 

1883. BRINSLEY RICHARDS, Seven 
Years at Eton. The boy . . . was told 
that what he had done was an awful 
CHOUSfi. 



Cliout. 



104 



Christen. 



Verb (colloquial). To cheat. 
[For suggested derivation, see 
subs., sense I.] Synonyms will 
be found under STICK. 

1659. SHFRLEY, Honoria and Mam., 
II., iii. We are in a fair way to be ridic- 
ulous . . . CHIAUS'D by a scholar ! [M.] 

1663. PEPYS, Diary, May 15. The 
Portugalls have CHOUSED us, it seems, in 
the Island of Bombay, in the East Indys. 

1708. CENTLIVRE, Busie Body, Act 
iii. You and my most conscionable 
Guardian here . . . plotted and agreed, 
to CHOUSE a very civil, honest, honour- 
able gentleman, out of a Hundred Pound. 

1742-4. ROGER NORTH, Lives of the 
Norths, I., 90. The judge held them to 
it, and they were CHOUSED of the treble 
value. 

1823. Hints for Oxford, p. 26, Every- 
thing in common use at Oxford, with 
the exception, perhaps, of books, is 
charged at an exorbitant rate ; and, what 
is worse , , . you are often having your- 
self CHOUSED with abominable trash. 

1890. Academy, Feb. 22, p. 125, col. 
i. Susan Burney's letters, with charming 
naivete, confess that, in the expectation 
of an early visit from the delightful 
mimic, she for four mornings was up at 
seven o'clock, only to find herself, bor- 
rowing the slang phrases of the day, 
' CHOUSED, for he nlck'd us entirely, and 
never came at all.' 

So alsq CHOUSED, ppL q4j.> 
CHOUSING, verbal subs., and 
CHOUSER, subs, 

CHOUT, subs. (East London), An 
entertainment. flatten. 



CHOVEY, subs, (costermongers 5 ). - 
A shop. A shopman is known 
amongst the fraternity as a MAN- 
CHOVEY, and a shop<-woman a$ 

ANN-CHOVEY. 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant 
a ed.X 444- A shop CHOVEV. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Une 
boutogue (thieves') ; une boutanche 
(thieves') ; un boucard (thieves') ; 
un rade or radeatt (thieves') : also 
primarily, a till. 



GERMAN SYNONYM. Chenwene 
(a market stall, the stock itself, 
or a box full of goods; Chmwener, 
the owner of such a place a 
merchant or shop-keeper). 

CHOW, subs, (theatrical). Talk; 
' lip ' ; jaw ; e.g., to have ' plenty 
of CHOW' = to have a good deal 
to say. 

Verb (theatrical). To talk 
incessant jyj tp grumble. A 
variant is to CHIP. [CHOW is 
apparently a form of ' chew,' now 
fallen into desuetude.] 

CHOWDER-HEADED, adj. (Ameri- 
can). Stupid. [The term 
though only dialectical in Eng- 
land is pretty general in U.S.A. 
It is given by Murray as a variant 

Of CHOLTER-HEADED, which in 

turn is another form for jolt or 
JOLTER-HEADED. Chowder is 
properly a kind of hotch-potch, 
and applied to the intellectuals 
would imply ' confusedness,' and 
hence idiocy.] 

1819. SCOTT, Lett., 15 April, in 
Lockhart. I hesitate a little about Raeburn 
. . . [he] has twice already made a very 
CHOWDER-HEADED person of me. 

1851. H. MELVILLE, Whale,., 73. 
What's that stultifying saying about 
CHOWDER-HEADED people? [M]. 

18(7). S. L. CLEMENS ('Mark 
Twain ')i Launch of the Steamer ' Capital' 
The Showman . . . grabbed the orchestra 
and shook him up, and says, ' That lets you 
out, you CHOWDER-HEADED old clam.' 

CHRISTEN, verb (thieves') i. To 
erase the markings from a 
watch, and substitute a fictitious 
inscription, with a view to 
preventing identification. An 
Old Cant variant was TO 
CHURCH (q.v.}, the derivation 
being analogous. French thieves, 
in speaking of a CHRISTENED 
watch or other ' f#ked' silver, 
use fpjwfrf. 



Christian. 



105 



Chuck. 



1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, II., 
74. This alteration is called CHRISTEN- 
ING, and the watch thus transformed 
faces the world without fear of detection. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 3 
ed. , p. 444. To alter the maker's name in a 
watch to CHRISTEN a yack. 

1868. DORAN, Saint and Sinn., II., 
290. The pietist thieves . . . CHRISTEN 
daily as soon as they have stolen a watch. 
This thieves' CHRISTENING consists in 
erasing the maker's name and supplying 
another. [M.] 

1872. Standard, ' Middlesex Sessions 
Report.' William Miller, the detective 
officer in the case, being called upon by the 
judge to state what he knew of the prisoner, 
said he knew him by his trade as a baker, 
but he mixed up with watch thieves an,d 
housebreakers, and the tools found in his 
possession he used for CHRISTENING stolen 
watches and putting new bows to them. 

2. (colloquial). To mix water 
with wine ; to mix liquors 
generally. Fr., Maquiller le 
vitriol = to, adulterate brandy ; 
monter sur le tanneau (vinters' 
= to add water to a cask of 
wine). A Spanish equivalent is 
exactly translated b.autizarel vino. 
TO DROWN THE MILLER (q.V.) t 
= to add too much water. 

1824. SCQTT, Redgauntlet, let. xiii. 
We'll CHRISTEN him with the brewer 
(here he added a little small beer to his 
beverage). 

3. (low). To souse from a 
chamber utensil. 

4. (common). To take a 
dram ; or do a drain,' in cele- 
bration of something, as the pur- 
chase of a new pair of boots, a 
removal, etc. 

CHRISTIAN, subs, (common). A 
good fellow ; a decent or pre- 
sentable person. [A human being as 
distinguished from the brute crea- 
tion, in which sense it is used by 
Shakspeare ; the modern slang 
usage was apparently introduced 



by Dickens.] See quots. in 
various senses. 

1595. SHAKSPEARE, Two Gentlemen 
of Verona, Act iii., Sc. i, 272. Thee 
hath more qualities than a Water-Spaniell, 
which is much in a bare CHRISTIAN. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, CHRIS- 
TIAN : a tradesman who has faith, i.e., 
will give credit. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit, 
xxxiv. You must take your passage like 
a CHRISTIAN ; at least, as like a CHRIS- 
TIAN as a fore-cabin passenger can. 

1859. Times, 20 April. Grey parrot 
for sale, the property of a lady. She talks 
like a CHRISTIAN, and is in first-rate con- 
d,Uion,. Price, including cage. ,15. Apply, 
etc., etc. 

Adj. (common). Decent; res- 
pectable, etc. [See subs.] 

QHRISTIAN PONY, subs. phr. (old 
Irish slang). The chairman or 
president of a meeting. 

CHRISTIANS, subs. pi. (Cambridge 
Univ.). Members of Christ's 
College. [Of obvious deriva- 
tion.] 

CHRISTM AS, PHRISTMASSING, ./.?. 

and verbal subs, (colloquial). 
Holly and mistletoe. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers, 
p. 228 (ed. 1857). The fat boy pointed to 
the destination of the pies. ' Wery good,' 
said Sam, 'stick a bit o' CHRISTMAS in 
'em.' 

1851. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lon. P.oor, vol. I., p. 141. In London a 
large trade is carried on in CHRISTMASING, 
or in the sale of holly and mistletoe for 
Christmas sports and decorations. . . . 
'Look,' said a gardener to me., 'what's 
spent on a CHRISTMASING the churches !' 

CHUCK, subs, (prison), I. Bread; 

" meat ; in fact, refreshment of 
any kind. 

1850. Lloyds Newspaper, Oct. 6. 
' Inquest on murder of Rev. Mr. Holiest, 
Frimley Grove, Surrey.' Macey, the 
\illnge cqnstabje, stated that the' prisqner, 



Chuck. 



1 06 



Chuck. 



upon coming to his cottage door had tried 
hard to get some CHUCK out of him, but 
had failed. 

1877. Five Years Penal Servitude, 
ch. i., p. 4. Two large slices of bread, 
. . . the allowance given out to some 
prisoner who . . . had forgotten to eat 
what in prison slang is called his ' toke ' 
or CHUCK. 

1877. S. L. CLEMENS ('Mark Twain ') 
Life on the Mississippi, ch. Hi., p. 463. i 
wish i was nere you so i could send you 
CHUCK (refreshments) on holidays. 

2. (common). Scraps of 
meat; BLOCK ORNAMENTS (g.v.). 
For synonyms, see DUCK. 

1871. Echo, ii Dec. ' Sunday amongst 
the Silk Weavers.' Few regular butchers 
ply their trade on Sunday morning 
money is only to be made by the vendors 
of nauseous substitutes for whplespme 
meat the refuse portion of beef and 
mutton, tough, coarse, and meagre pork, 
flaccid tripe, lean little sheeps' CHUKS, as 
the natives call thepi, the savourless 
saveloy of Old England. 

1887. Standard, 20 Jan. 'The Poor 
at Market.' From a sort of ludicrous 
spirit of snobbery a labourer wil} term a 
fellow he dislikes a beggap who gats 
CHUCK,' CHUCK being a Iqw-priced part of 
the carcase. 

3. (Billingsgate). See quot, 

1851-61. MAYHEW, London Lab. apd 
Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 73. Sprats . . . are 
sold at Billingsgate by the ' toss, 1 or 
CHUCK, which is about half a bushel, apd 
weighs about 40 Ibs. to 50 Ibs. 

4. (colloquial). A toss or 
throw. 

1883. Punch, June 2, p. 264, col. i. 
The average number of CHUCKS at cocoa- 
nuts before achieving success is six. 

5. (nautical). Sea biscuit. 
Cf., senses i and 6. A sailor's 
variant is ' chow-dow. ' 

1864. Standard, 13 Dec. Of naval 
slang Mr. Hotten has missed the words 
CHUCK, used by sailors for biscuit, and 
BARGE, the box or cask in which the CHUCK 
is kept by the messes on the lover deck. 

6. (military). Mealy bread. 
C/., nautical usage, sense 5. 



7. Westminster School). A 
schoolboy's treat. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet., p. 101, 
s.v. 

Verb( colloquial). i. To throw; 
especially to throw away ; to 
pitch. 

1593. Prodigal Son, iv., 112. Yes, 
this old one will 1 give you (CHUCKS him 
old hose and doublet). [M.] 

1627. DRAYTON, Agincourt, 63. In 
the Tauerne, in his cups doth rore, 
CHOCKING his crownes. [M.] 

1753. Adventurer, No. 43. I ... 
was kicked about, hustled, tossed up, and 
CHUCKED into holes. 

1771. SMOLLETT., Humphry Clinker, 
1. 36. Dirt and trash CHUCKED into it by 
roguish boys for the joke's sake. 

_1820. Co9M BE, Dr. Syntax, tour 1 1. , 
ch. i. Yes, faith, as I've a soul to save, 
I will for pqthing dig her grave ; Yes, I 
would do it too as willing As if her hand 
had CHUCK'P a shilling, 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xxxix., 
p. 342. I'm not only ready but villin' to 
do anythin' as'll make matters agreeable ; 
and if CHUCKIN' either o' them sawbonesses 
out of winder u'll do it, I'm the man. 

1851. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 150. Many a time 
I walked through the streets and picked a 
piece of bread that the servants CHUCKED 
out of the door. 

1864. DICKENS, Our Mutual Friend, 
bk. IV., ch. i. ' When you're ready for 
your snooze,' said the honest creature, 
' CHUCK yourself on my bed in the corner.' 

2. (vagrants'). To eat. See 
subs,, sense I. For synonyms, 
see QRUB. 

1876. HJNDLEY, Life and Adventures 
of a Cheap Jack, p. 192. Mo and his 
man were having a great breakfast one 
morning . . . Mo exclaimed to his man, 
' CHUCK rumbo (eat plenty), my lad.' 

3. (pigeon fanciers'). To des- 
patch a pigeon. Cf., sense I, 
and To CHUCK IT ; also HARD 
CHUCK. 

4. (general). To spend ex- 
travagantly. For synonyms, see 
DUCKS AND DRAKES. 



Chuck. 



107 



Chuck a Stall. 



>9. Daily Telegraph, 6 Sept. ' Sea- 
Baden.' Why is it that English- 



1876. BESANT AND RICE, Golden 
Butterfly, ch. xviii. Next to unlimited 
CHUCKING of his own money, the youthful 
Englishman would like what he never 
gets the unlimited CHUCKING of other 
people's. 

5. (old). To desire (sexu- 
ally); to be 'warm,' or a HOT 
MEMBER (q.V.). 

TOCHUCK, CHUCK IT,Or CHUCK 

UP, verbal phr. To abandon ; 
4 turn up ' ; dismiss ; turn out of 
doors ; to give up. Also CHUCK 
IT UP =' drop it.' [From the 
custom of throwing up the sponge 
. at a prize fight in sign of defeat. 
Often corrupted into JACK UP. 
See SPONGE. A French equiva- 
lent is laisser tout en plan. 

1869. 
son at 

women can never combine their colours, 
or put on their clothes ? Are their maids 
used to haymaking when at home, and do 
they ' pitch ' on the petticoats, and give 
three cheers and have beer when they 
finish the work by CHUCKING UP the 
dress ? 

1883. HAWLEY SMART, Hard Lines, 
ch, xxvi. 'But herej Cis, if you mean 
business, take my advice and CHUCK that 
corps.' 

1883. Miss RRADDOH , Phantom For- 
tune, ch. xxv. She knows on which side 
her bread is buttered. Look how easily 
she CHUCKED you UP because she did not 
think you good enough. 

TO GET or GIVE THE CHUCK, 

phr. rTo dismiss, or be dismissed, 
C/., BAG and SACK. 

1889. Sporting Times [quoted in 
Slang, Jargon, and Cant\. And I shall 
GET THE blooming CHUCK as well as 
fourteen days. 

CHUCK UP THE SPONGE. See 
SPONGE. 

To CHUCK [ONESELF] ABOUT 
or INTO, phr. To move expe- 
ditiously. For synonyms, see 
AMPUTATE and SKEDADDLE. 
Also, to fall into. 



I860. Funny Fellow, 7 May, p. i. 
Hollo, my kiddy, stir your stumps, And 

CHUCK YOURSELF ABOUT. 

CHUCK HER up,///r. (cricket). 
An expression of delight. 
[From the practice of throwing 
the ball into the air after a suc- 
cessful catch.] 

[The verb, TO CHUCK, is attached in 
an active sense to any number of objec- 
tives, and may be taken as equivalent 
to ' to perform ' or ' do. ' Thus ' to chuck 
a fag ' = to 'give a beating ' ; to ' chuck a 
turd = to 'rear,' to evacuate ; to ' chuck a 
tread ' = to have intercourse ; to ' chuck 
a jolly ' = to undertake a bout of chaff ; to 
' chuck a fit ' = to have an epileptic, or 
apoplectic, seizure ; to ' chuck a cram ' or 
' a kid' = to lie, etc.J 

HARD-CHUCK (pigeon fan- 
ciers'). A long distance ; also a 
trying flight. From Gravesend 
to London is considered a HARD- 
CHUCK, as the low, flat country 
is bare of landmarks. 



CHUCK A CURLY, verbal phr. (mili- 
tary). To feign sickness ; to 
malinger. [For possible deriva- 
tion, see general remarks on 
CHUCK, in a preceding paragraph, 
+ CURLY, ' doubling up,' or 
writhing, as in pain.] 

CHUCK A JOLLY, verbal phr. (coster- 
mongers'). To bear up or ' bon- 
net ' : as when a costermonger 
praises the inferior article his 
mate or partner is trying to sell. 
This process is usually commenced 
with a CHI-IKE (q.v.). Also to 
undertake a bout of chaff. 

CHUCK ASTALL,zw/5/^r. (thieves'). 
To attract a person's attention 
while a confederate picks his 
pockets, or otherwise robs him. 
[STALL = an accomplice; and as a 
verb, to keep watch or spy upon. ] 

1884. GREENWOOD, Seven Years' 
Penal Servitude. I said to my pal ' CHUCK 
ME A STALL and I'll have that.' What 



Chucked. 



1 08 



Chucker-Out. 



did I mean ? Why, keep close to me, and 
cover what I'm doing. 

CHUCKED. To BE CHUCKED or 
CHUCKED UP, verbal phr. 
(thieves'). I. To escape com- 
mittal ; to be acquitted or re- 
leased. 

1887. HORSLEY, Jottings from Jail, 
Rit from 7 dials ; remanded innocent 
on two charges of pokes, only out 2 weeks 
for a drag, expects to be fullied or else 
CHUCKED. 

1889. Evening News [quoted in Slangy 
Jargon, and Cant, p. 251, col. i]. When 
I was CHUCKED UP they took me to an old 
Jew's in Dudley Street for my clothes. 

1889. Answers, 9 Feb. He was for- 
tunate enough to get CHUCKED, to escape, 
that is to say, as the evidence against him 
was not strong enough. 

2. (common). [Generally 
CHUCKED OUT.] To be forcibly 
ejected. [From CHUCK, Vfro, 
sense I, + ED + OUT.] /"., 
CHUCKER-OUT. 

3. (common). Slightly in- 
toxicated. For synonyms see 
SCREWED. 

1889. Ally Slopers Half-Holiday, 
Aug. 17, p. 258, col. 2. His back being 
nearly broken from your constantly falling 
over him when you've been CHUCKED. 

4. (prostitutes'). Amorous ; 
and hence ' fast. ' French, gal- 
oper une femme = to make hot 
love to a woman. Cf., MOL- 

ROWER. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. S'allurner 
or allumer son petrole or son gaz 
(the first of these terms is in 
general use, the others being em- 
ployed chiefly by prostitutes); 
battre du beurre (popular : used 
more in the sense of ' to be fast,' 
but also = to speculate on 'Change 
and to dissemble). 

GERMAN SYNONYM. Spannen 
(to ogle prostitutes ; to way- 
lay women in order to make: 



overtures ; generally to lear 
with concupiscence). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Apacen- 
tar (properly to tend cattle) ; 
desbeber ( also = to make 
water) ; despepitarse (literally to 
give a loose to one's tongue or to 
act imprudently) ; rabanillo (m 
an ardent longing). 

5. (common). To be disappoin- 
ted ; put out in one's calculations ; 
put to shame ; ' sold.' 

c. 1879. Broadside Ballad. ' CHUCKED 
again.' CHUCKED again, CHUCKED again ! 
Whatever may happen I get all the blame, 
Wherever I go, it is always the same 
Jolly well CHUCKED again ! 

CHUCKED-IN, adv. phr. (popular). 
- Into the bargain. Cf., 
LAGNIAPPE. [From CHUCK, 
sense I, + ED + IN.] 



1880. Punch, No. 2055, p. 245. 
Happy thought ! CHUCKED IN an extra 
chapter on Literature. 

1884. Punch, Oct. n. ' 'Any at a 
Political Picnic.' Went to one on 'em 
yesterday, Charlie ; a regular old up and 
down lark. The Pallis free gratis, mixed 
up with a old country fair in a park, And 
Rosherville Gardens CHUCKED IN. 

CHUCKER, subs, (cricketers'). I. 
A volunteer who does not keep 
a promise to play. 

2. A bowler who throws the 
ball. 

CHUCKER-OUT, subs, (colloquial). 
A man retained to eject or 
* chuck out ' from public meetings, 
taverns, brothels, and hells. See 
quot., i8o. 

1880. Punch, No. 2040, p. 63. Lord 
Grey was about to resume his role of 
CHUCKER-OUT to the proposed measures of 
his own party. 

1883. Saturday Review, March 31, 
p. 398, col. i. We hired a smiling but stal- 
wart assistant to act in the capacity of 

CHUCKER-OUT. 



Chuck- Farthing. 



Chuck the Dummy. 



1884. Good Words, June, p. 400, col. 

1. He had done twelve months [in prison] 
for crippling for life the CHUCKER-OUT of 
one of these pubs. [M.] 

1885. All the Year Round, Nov., 
^226. Dens to which Brickey is attached 
in the capacity of CHUCKER-OUT. [M.] 

1887. Guardian, 2 March, p. 343, 
col. i. Bogus meetings, where the chair- 
man, committee, reporters; audience, and 
CHUCKERS-OUT were all subsidised. [M.] 

1890. The Scots Observer, p. 394, col. 

2. The result of which was the resolution 
to appoint a body of CHUCKERS-OUT to 
keep delegates in order, and to show the 
Commons what to do with its Healys and 
its Tanners. 

C HUCK-FARTH ING, CHUCK, CHUCK- 

AND-TOSS, Or PlTCH-AND-TOSS, 

subs. phr. (common). Games 
played with money, which is 
PITCHED at a line, gathered, 
shaken in the hands, and TOSSED 
up into the air so as to fall 
' heads and tails ' until the stakes 
are guessed away. A parish 
clerk was formerly nicknamed a 

CHUCK-FARTHING. 

1690. B.E., Diet. Cant. Crew. CHUCK 
FARTHING : a Parish Clerk (in the Satyr 
against Hypocrites) also a Play among 
Boies. 



Ballad-Singers, were as busie at CHUCK- 
FARTHING and Hussle-Cap, as so many 
Rooks at a gaming Ordinary. 

1712. Spectator, No. 509. The un- 
lucky boys with toys and balls were whipped 
away by a beadle, I have seen this done 
indeed of late, but then it has been only to 
chase the lads from CHUCK, that the 
beadle might seize their copper. 

1759. STERNE, Tristram Shandy, vol. 
I., ch. x. The spinning-wheel forgot its 
round, even CHUCK - FARTHING and 
shuffle-cap themselves stood gaping till he 
had got out of sight. 

1821. CLARE, Vill. Minstr., I., 174. 
With CHUCK and marbles wearing Sunday 
through. 

1851. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and Lon. 
Poor, II., p. 398. They frequently had 
halfpence given to them. They played 
also at CHUCK AND TOSS with the journey- 



men, and of course were stripped of every 
farthing. 

c. 1868. 'BKOVGK, Field of the Cloth of 
Gold. From PITCH-AND-TOSS to man- 
slaughter's my game. 

1878. M. E. BRADDON, Cloven Foot, 
ch. xlii. ' I remember when I was a little 
chap, at Dr Prossford's grammar school, 
playing CHUCK-FARTHING.' 

1888. Illus. London News, Summer 
Number, p. 26, col. i. Having replaced 
the musty documents upon the shelf, that 
ingenious youth adjourned to indulge in 
the passionately exhilarating game of 

CHUCK-FARTHING. 



CHUCK IN, verb (pugilistic). To 
challenge. [From the custom 
of throwing a hat into the 
ring ; a modern version of 
throwing down the gauntlet. 
Also, ' to compete ' ; e.g. , I shall 
have a CHUCK IN = ' I shall try 
my luck ' with a woman, a raffle, 
a personal encounter, and so on. 

CHUCKING-OUT, suds, (popular). 
Ejection. [From CHUCK, verb, 
sense i, through CHUCK UP (qw.) t 
+ ING + OUT.] Also as an adj. 

1881. Sportsman, Jan. 31, p: 3 col. 
5. We were the first to take the part of the 



1887. Pall Mall Gaz. , Feb. 23, p. 1 1 , 
col. i. Evictions in Glenbeigh . . ; and 
CHUCKINGS-OUT in London. [M.] 

1887. G. R. SIMS, How the Poor Live, 
p. 83. It is fair to say that the youths 
seemed quite ready for the emergency, and 
took their CHUCKING-OUT most skilfully. 

CHUCKS 1 intj. (school). A boy's 
signal on a master's approach* 
A French schoolboy's equivalent 
is Vesse ! 



CHUCK THE DUMMY, verbal phr. 
(thieves'). To feign sickness, 
especially epilepsy ; a common 
dodge in prisons to get an order 
for the infirmary. 



Chuff It. 



1 10 



Chum. 



CHUFF IT I itttj. (common). Be off! 
Take it away ! For synonyms, 
set HOOKEY WALKER ! 

CHL or CHULL, verb (Anglo-In- 
dian). See quot: 

1886. G; A. SALA, in ///. L. News, 
June 19, p. 644. In Calcutta CHUL is a 
word that you hear fifty times a day. A 
lady tells you that her new Ayah will not 
CHUL at all ; thfe proprietor of that popular 
weekly journal; the Hooghly Dacoit . . : 
tells you that he is going home for six 
months ; but that he has ah able editor, 
and that the paper will CHUL very well 
during his absence. The CHUL, I appre- 
hend, means to go on; to proceed, to do. 

CHUM, subs-, (colloquial). A close 
companion j a bosom friend ; an 
intimate. Formerly a chamber- 
fellow or mate; [Johnson calls 
it a term used in the Universi- 
ties, and the earliest quot. seems 
to bear hint out. The deriva- 
tion is unceitain, and Dr. Murray 
says ' no historical proof connect^ 
ing it with " chamber-felldw " or 
' ' chamber - mate " has been 
found.'] 

1684; CREECH, Theocritus, Idyll 'Sill: 
Ded. to my CHUM, Mr. Hody of Wadham 
College. [M.] 

1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew. 
CHUM: a Chamber - fellow^ or constant 
Companion. 

1714. Spectator, No. 6*7. Letter 
written by University man to a friend 
begins ' Dear CHUM.' 

c. 1750. Humours of the Fleet, quot; in 
Ashton's Eighteenth Century Waifs, p. 
249. When you have a CHUM, you pay but 
fit teen pence per week each. 

1828-45; T. HOOD, Poems, vol. II., p. 
201 (ed. 1846). The very CHUM that shared 
my cake Holds out so cold a hand to shake 
It makes me shrink and sigh. 

1855. THACKERAY, Neivcomes, ch. v.j 
The Colonel, as has been stated, had an 
Indian CHUM or companion, with whom 
he shared his lodgings; 

1889. Fall Mall Gazette, Nov. 21, 
p. 6, col. 2. His [Allingham's] own chosen 
friend was Dante Gabriel Rossetti, his 
CHUMS the Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood. 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Gossip ; 
pal ; pard (American) ; marrow 
(north - country) ; cully (theatri- 
cal) ; cummer ; ben cull ; butty ; 
bo' (nautical) ; mate or matey ; 
ribstonej bloater; 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Une 
branche (literally a branch or 
bough) } uti amar or amarre 
(thieves', Cf.^ amarre^ a cable, 
rope, hawser) ; un aminche, 
aminchemar^ or aminchemince 
(thieves' : aminche d>af '= an ac- 
coniplice or stallsman) ; amis 
comme mchoiis (popular, m. pi. : 
literally 'as thick as pigs;' C/i, AS 
THICK AS THIEVES); un matelot ; 
uite coterie (popular) ; tin bon at- 
telage (cavalry = a couple of good 
friends ; literally ' a good team ') ; 
un artiste_ (popular) ; tin camer- 
luche or camarluche (popular) ; 
vieux frtre la cdte (sailors') ; uh 
camaro ; une fat idole (prostitutes' 
= a female pal) ; un fanande, or 
fanandel (thieves'). 

GEftMAN SYNONYMS: Gleither 
(also ' a brother ') ; Kineh or 
Kinehbruaer (Viennese thieves' : 
German thieves use Kinne ; from 
the Hebrew Kinnim, ' a louse ' ; 
Kinriemachler, literally ' lice 
eater ' = a dirty, filthy fellow ; 
also = a miser. Kinimer = a 
man full of lice)* 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Furbo 
= ' an imposter, rogue, or 
sharper ') ; foneo ; calcagno ; guido y 
or guidone (literally a ' guide.' 
Also a 'dog' or 'beggar'). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS* Cirinco 
(m) ; compinche (m). 

PORTUGUESE SYNONYM. Filhos 
do Golpe (literally 'children of 
the crowd \. 



Chum. 



\\\ 



2. (military). A brother-in- 
arms. 

1890. RUDYARD KIPLING. Plain 
Tales (srd ed.), p- 264. Oh ! where would 
I be when my froat was dry ? Oh ! where 
would I be when the bullets fly? Oh! 
where would I be when I came to die? 
Why, Somewheres anigh my CHUM. 

Verb, trs. and intrs. (colloquial). 
To occupy a joint lodging, or 
share expenses ; to be on the 
closest terms of intimacy with 
another j to be ' thick as thieves ' ; 
or ' thick as hops. ' French slang 
has etre dans la chemise de 
quelqtfun ; also fare du dernier 
bien avec quelq^un. 

1730. WESLEY, Wks. (1872) XII., 20. 

There are . . . some honest fellows in 
College, who would be willing to CHUM 
in one of them. [M.] 

1762. CHURCHILL, The Ghost, \>\i. II. 
Old Maids and Rakes are join'd together. 
Coquettes and Prudes, like April weather. 
Wits forc'd to CHUM with Common Sense. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers, 
p. 339 (ed. 1857). 'Why I don't rightly 
know about to night,' replied the stout 
turnkey. ' You'll be CHUMMED on .some- 
body to-morrow, and then you'll be all 
snug and comfortable:' 

1864. Temple Bar, Nov., p. 587. We 
choose our own carriages, and either leave 
our fellow trippers altogether, or, making 
a selection, CHUM in parties of three or 
four. 

1871; MORTIMER COLLINS, Mrq. and 
Merck., II., v., 143. She . . . found her- 
self CHUMMED upon a young person who 
turned out to be ... a ... slattern. [M.] 

1877. BESANT AND Rick, With Harp 
and Crown, ch. xii. Here are City clerks, 
who, by CHUMMING together, are able to 
afford one festive evening in the week at 
the Oxford; 

NEW CHUM, subs. (Australian). 
A new arrival in the colony } 
a 'greenhorn'; or 'tenderfoot.' 
For general synonyms, see 

SNOOKER; 

1861. EARLES, UJ>s and Downs of 
Australian Life, p. 199. 'I suppose you're 
a stranger, or as we calls 'em, a NEW 
CHUM, ain't you?' 



1886. E. WAKEFIELD, Nineteenth 
Century, Aug., p. 173. In these colonies 
[Australia], where pretty nearly every one 
has made several sea voyages, that subject 
is strictly tabooed in all rational society. 
To dilate upon it is to betray a NEW CHUM. 

1889. Town and Country, 16 Feb. 
'Answers to Correspondents.' NEW 
CHUM (Forbes) : The first instalment will 
be due, etc. 

CHUMMAGE, subs. (old). Money 
procured by the practice of 
chumming together ; but various 
extensions of meaning appear to 
have been in vogue at different 
periods. See quots. [The prao 
tice alluded to in quot. 1777, was 
the rough music made with pokers, 
tongs, sticks, and saucepans, for 
Which oVation the initiated pri- 
soner had to pay or ' fork out ' a 
certain suhi of money, or submit 
to being deprived of its equivalent 
from among his personal effects ; 
otherwise called CHtMMiNG UP.] 

1777. HOWARD, State of Prisons in 
England and Wtiles, quoted in J. Ashton's 
The Fleet, p. 295. A cruel custom obtains 
in most of our Gaols, which is that of the 
prisoners demanding of a hew comer GAR- 
NISH, FOOTING, or (as it is called in some 
London Gaols) CHUMMAGfe. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CHUMMAGE : money paid by the richer sort 
of prisoners in the Fleet and King's Bench 
to tht? poorer for their share of a room . . ; 
A prisoner who can pay for being alohe^ 
chooses two poor chums, who for a stipu- 
lated price, called CHUMMAGE, give up 
their share of the room. 

1836. DICKENS, Pitkwick, xlii. the 
regular CHUMMAGE is two-and-sixpence. 

18,59. G. A. SALA, Twice Round the 
Clock (1861), 103. 1 he time-honoured sys- 
tem of CHUMVAGE, or quartering two or 
more collegians in one room, and allowing 
the richest to pay his companions a stipu- 
lated sum to go out and find quarters 
elsewhere. 

Also used as an adjective. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xlii., 
p. 364. You'll have a CHUMMAGE ticket 
upon twenty-seven in the third, and them 
as is in the room will be your chums* 



Chummery. 



M2 



Chump. 



CHUMMERY, subs, (common^. 
Chumhood ; also the quarters 
occupied by 'chums.' [From 
CHUM + ERY ; cf. y ROOKERY, 

SNUGGERY, &C.]. 

1877. BESANT AND RICE. Son of 
Vulcan, p. 196. Jack and her father lived 
in bachelor CHUMMERY. 

CHUMMY, subs, (colloquial). I; A 
chimney-sweep's climbing boy. [A 
corruption of ' chimney ' through 
* chumley. '] 

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, p. 
169. Vereas he 'ad been a CHUMMY he 
begged the cheerman's parding for using 
such a vulgar hexpression, etc. 

1844. THACKERAY, Greenwich, wks. 
(1886) XXIII., 380. The hall . . was 
decorated with banners and escutcheons of 
deceased CHUM MIES. [M.] 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
andLond. Poor, vol. II., p. 417. A CHUM- 
MY (once a common name for the climbing- 
boy, being a corruption of chimney). 

1859. W. GREGORY, Egypt, I., 154. 
His shrill voice, high up aloft, like a 
CHUMMY'S on a London summer morn. 
IM.] 

2. A diminutive form of CHUM 



1864. GILBERT, Bab Ballads, Eti- 
quette. Old CHUMMIES at the Charter- 
house were Robinson and he. [M.] 

3. (common). Alow-crowned 
felt hat; For synonyms, see GOL- 
GOTHA; 

Adj. (colloquial). Very inti- 
mate ; friendly ; sociable. The 
analogous French terms are chou- 
ette\ chouettard', ckouettaud. 

1884. Harpers Magazine, Sept., p. 
536 col. 2. I . . saw them form into 
small CHUMMY groups. [M.] 

1888. W. BESANT, Herr Paulus, bk. 
III., ch. xi., vol. III., p. 204. I liked the 
fellow, I confess, and we got CHUMMY in 
the evenings. 

1889. Answers, May n, p. 380. When 
I was at Pentonville, a man in the same 
ward, who had got rather CHUMMY with 
hi s warder, asked him to post a letter to 
his friends in Manchester. 



CHUMP, subs, (common). i. A 
blockhead. 

1883. HAVVLEY SMART, At Fault 
II., i., 29. Such a long-winded old CHUMP 
at telling a story one don't often see, 
thank goodness. 

1887. Pall Mall Gazette, 2 Feb., 
p. ip. col. i. Frank audibly remarked : 
'This man is a CHUMP. I could go ... 
this minute arid do better than that.' [M.] 

2. (popular). A variant of 
CHUM, subs. (q:i>.). French ma 
meille branche my old chump. 

1884. Punch, n Oct. ' 'Any at a 
Political Picnic.' All my Saturday arfs 
are devoted to Politics. Fancy, old 
CHUMP, Me doing the sawdusty reglar, 
and follering swells oh the stump. 

3. (popular). The head ; 
especially in the phrase OFF 
ONE'S CHUMP (q.v.). For syno- 
nyms, see CRUMPET. 

CHUMP-OF- WOOD, subs. phr. 
(rhyming slang). No good. Also 
a blockhead. 

OFF ONE'S CHUMP, phr. (vul- 
gar). Insane. Cf., OFF ONE'S 
HEAD, NUT, etc. For synonyms, 
see APARTMENTS. 

c. I860. Broadside Ballad, ' We are 
a merry family.' The fire is out, the 
fender's broke, And father's out on strike, 
Sister Ann's gone OFF HER CHUMP, In 
fact, we're all alike. 

1866. Broadside Ballad, 'Oh, She 
Was Such a Beautiful Girl.' She diddled 
me, she fiddled me, She sent me OFF MY 
CHUMP. 

1877. BESANT AND RICE, Son of 
Vulcan, II., xxiv., p. 377. ' Master,' he 
said, ' have gone OFF HIS CHUMP that's 
all.' 

1883. BESANT, Captains Room, ch. 
vii., p. 85 (1885). He ... was engaged 
to be married to the king's sister . . . 
unfortunately, only the week before I 
arrived, he was killed arid devoured by a 
lion, and the princess was gone OFF HER 
royal CHUMP. 

To GET ONE'S OWN CHUMP, 
phr. (thieves'). See quot. 



Chumpy. 



Churl. 



1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 242. ' Cut her own grass ! Good 
gracious, what is that?' I asked. 'Why, 
FURVIDE HER OWN CHUMP earn her own 
living," the old man replied. 

C H u M PY, adj. (common). The 
same as OFF ONE'S CHUMP. 



CHUNK, subs, (colloquial). i. A 
thick piece or lump of wood, 
bread, coal, etc. 

1691. RAY, S. and E. Country Wds. 
(E. D. S.) Chuck, a great chip ... In 
other countries [= districts] they call it a 
CHUNK. [M.] 

1787. GROSE, Prov. Glossary. 'Chuck.' 
Chuck, a great chip, Suss. In other coun- 
ties called a CHUNK or junk. 

1876. BBS ANT AND RICE, Golden But- 
terfly, ch. xxix. Why not keep a clerk to 
read for you, and pay out the information 
in small CHUNKS ? I should like to tackle 
Mr. Carlyle that way. 

c. 1880. Broadside Ballad, ' The 
Hungry Man from Clapham.' He'd eat 
everything there was in the place, He bit a 
CHUNK from his mother-in-law's face. 

2. (streets'). A school-board 
officer. 

18(?). THOR FREDUR, Sketches from 
Shady Places. Here they gambol about 
like rabbits, until somebody raises the cry, 
' Nix ! the CHUNK ' (the slang term for 
School Board officer). 

CHURCH, verb (thieves'). To take 
out the works of a watch and 
substitute another set } so that 
identification is impossible. See 
CHRISTEN, verb, sense i. 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 
3 ed., p. 445. To have the works of a 
watch put into another case To CHURCH 

A YACK. 

1868. DOR AN , Saints and Sinn. ,11., 
290. The (thieves') CHURCH THEIR YACKS 
when they transpose the works of stolen 
watches to prevent identification. [M.] 

To TALK CHURCH, verbal phr. 
(colloquial). To TALK 'SHOP' 



1851. NEWLAND, Erne, 217. Looking 
at those wretched people and TALKING 
CHURCH. [M.] 

CHURCHWARDEN, subs. (general). 
A clay pipe with a long stem. 
See quot., 1864, under CLAY. 
The following are general 
variants. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Alder- 
man ; steamer ; yard of clay ; 
clay. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Une 
bouffarde; une Beige; une chiffarde 
(thieves') ; une marseillaise ; une 
gambier (pop. from a manufac- 
turer's name). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Liilke 
(M. H. G. fallen or lollen = to 
suck ; lulkcn, to smoke) ; Massel 
(Swabian : also = a street-walker ; 
maiseln = to smoke) ; Nagel ; 
Pilmerstab (only in Zimmermann) ; 
Sarcherstock (from the Hebrew 
sorach, through sdrchen, to stink or 
to smoke. S archer, tobacco ; Sar- 
cherkippe or Sarchertiefe, tobacco- 
box ; Sarcherhanjo, tobacco- 
pouch); Selcher (Viennese thieves': 
from selchen, to smoke); Schmal- 
fink. 

1857. HOOD, Pen and Pencil Pictures, 

269. Give me my willow-tube for a 
nee, the lid of a cigar-box for a shield. 
Thrust me a pair of cutties into my girdle 
for pistols ; hang a CHURCHWARDEN by 
my side for a sabre. 

1863. ALEX. SMITH, Dreamthorfe, 
p. 262. He . . . lifted a pipe of the kind 
called CHURCHWARDEN from the box on 
the ground, filled and lighted it. 

18(34. DR. RICHARDSON, on 'Tobacco,' 
before Brit. Asspc. Met ting at Bath. 
Cigars are more injurious than any form 
of pipe ; and the best pipe is unques- 
tionably what is commonly called a 
CHURCHWARDEN or long clay. 

CHURL. To PUT A CHURL UPON 

A GENTLEMAN- See GENTLE- 
MAN. 

8 



Cider. 



"4 Cincinnati Oysters. 



CIDER. ALL TALK AND NO CIDER, 
phr. (American). Purposeless 
loquacity ; ' Much cry and little 
wool. ' Literally, much ado about 
nothing. [For suggested deriva- 
tion, seequoL, 1871.] 

1835-40. HALIBURTON (' Sam Slick '), 
Clockmaker, i S., ch. xxi. It is an ex- 
pensive kind of honour that, bein' 
Governor . . . Great cry and little wool ! 

ALL TALK AND NO CIDER. 

1858. Notes and Queries ', 2 S., v., 
233. ALL TALK AND NO CIDER. This ex- 
pression is applied to persons whose per- 
formances fall far short of their promises. 

1862. C. F. BROWNE, Artemus Ward : 
His Book, p. 135. What we want is more 
CIDER and less TALK. 

1871. DE VERE, Americanisms, p. 
591. This phrase originated at a party in 
Bucks County, Pennsylvania, which had 
assembled to drink a barrel of superior 
cider ; but politics being introduced, 
speeches were made, and discussion 
ensued, till some malcontents withdrew on 
the plea that it was a trap into which they 
had been lured, politics and not pleasure 
being the purpose of the meeting, or, as 
they called it, ALL TALK AND NO CIDER. 

CIDER AND, subs. phr. (colloquial). 
Cider mixed with some other 
ingredient. Cf., COLD WITHOUT, 
HOT WITH, etc. 

1742. FIELDING, Joseph Andrews, 
bk. I., ch. xvi. She then asked the doctor 
and Mr. Barnabas what morning's draught 
they chose, who answered, they had a pot 
of CIDER-AND at the fire. 

CiG, subs, (common). A cigar. 
[An abbreviation of the legitimate 
word.] For synonyms, see WEED. 

CINCH, verb (American). To get a 
grip on ; to ' corner ' ; to put the 
screw on; also, in the passive sense, 
to come out on the wrong side in 
speculations. [From the Spanish 
cincha, a belt or girdle ; cinchar, 
to girdle. Properly used of the 
saddling of horses with the huge 
Mexican saddle. To CINCH a 
horse, however, is by no means 



the same as girthing him. The 
two ends of the tough cordage 
which constitute the CINCH ter- 
minate in long narrow strips of 
leather called latigos thongs 
which connect the CINCHES with 
the saddle, and are run through 
an iron ring and then tied by a 
series of complicated turns and 
knots known only to the craft.] 

1875. Scribners Mag:, July, p. 2^7. 
A man is ciNCHED=he is hurt in a mining 
transaction (San Francisco localism). 

1881. New York Times, Dec. 18, 
quoted in Notes and Queries, 6 S., v. 65. 
CINCH. To subdue, to forcibly bind down 
and overcome. Thus it is unfairly said 
that the Northern Pacific Company intends 
to CINCH the settlers by exacting large 
prices for its lands. Query, from Latin 
cingere. 

1888. Daily Inter-Ocean, 2 Feb. Black 
and Blue thinks the Dwyers have a CINCH 
on both the great events. 

1888. New York World, 22 July. The 
bettor, of whom the pool-room bookmaker 
stands in dread, however, is the racehorse 
owner, who has a CINCH bottled up for a 
particular race, and drops into the room an 
hour or two before the races begin. 

CINCINNATI OLIVE, subs. (Ameri- 
can). A pig. [A spurious ' olive 
oil ' is manufactured from lard, 
and Cincinnati is one of the 
largest centres of the ' pork pack- 
ing industry' in America.] Cf., 
CINCINNATI OYSTERS. 

CINCINNATI OYSTERS, subs. (Ameri- 
can). Pigs' trotters. A curious in- 
terchange of names occurs between 
fish, flesh, and fowl. In CINCIN- 
NATI OYSTERS we have flesh 
presented in the guise of fish ; 
and the reverse is the case when 
the sturgeon is spoken of as 
ALBANY BEEF. Amongst other 
examples may be quoted MARBLE- 
HEAD TURKEY, for a codfish ; 
also, in Nova Scotia a DIGBY 
CHICKEN = a herring smoked 
and dried in a peculiar fashion. 



Cinder. 



Circumlocution* 



In England a BILLINGSGATE 
PHEASANT is a fresh herring ; 
whilst a Yarmouth bloater is 
sometimes a TWO-EYED STEAK. . 

CINDER, subs, (common). i. Any 
strong liquor as brandy, whiskey, 
sherry, etc. , mixed with a weaker, 
as soda-water, lemonade, water, 
etc., to fortify it. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Dictionary, 

3.V. 

1883. Referee, March 18, p. 2, col. 4. 
Having rushed out to get a glass of cold 
water with a CINDER in it to take the chill 
off. 

2. (sporting). A running path 
or track ; merely an abbreviation 
of ' cinder-path,' it being laid 
with ' cinders. ' 

ClNDER-GARBLER,.wfo. (old). A 

female servant. Grose [1785] 
says the term was ' Custom 
House wit,' but gives no par- 
ticulars. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Mar- 
chioness ; slavey ; cinder-grabber; 
Cinderella ; can (Scots) ; piss- 
kitchen ; Julia. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un ex- 
trait de garni (popular) ; unchani- 
brillon ; une bobonne (for bonne) ; 
une larbine ; ^tne cambroitse ; une 
Jeanne fon ; une groule or grcu- 
lasse. 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Schifche 
or Schijches ; Schammesch or 
Schammes (from the Hebrew). 

SPANISH SYNONYM. Famula 



CiRCLiNG-Bov, subs, (old). A 
'rook'; swindler. Naressays a 
species of roarer; one who in 
some way drew a man into a 



snare, to cheat or rob him. See 
Gifford. Ben Jonson, Barth. 
Fair, iv., 3, p. 481. 

CIRCS, subs, (common). Circum- 
stances. 

CIRCUMBENDIBUS, subs, (old). A 
roundabout ; a long - winded 
story. [From Lat. circum, 
around, + Eng. BEND, with a 
Latin termination.] 

1681. DRYDEN, Sp. Friar, V., ii. I 
shall fetch him back with a CIRCUM- 
BENDIBUS, I warrant him. [M.] 

1768. LORD CARLISLE, in Jesse's 
Selivyn, II., 317(1882). I can assure you 
it grieved me that anything of yours should 
make such a CIRCUMBENDIBUS before it 
came to my hands. 

1773. O. GOLDSMITH, She Stools to 
Conquer, Act v., Sc. 2. ' And from that, 
with a CIRCUMBENDIBUS, I fairly lodged 
them in the horse-pond at the bottom of 
the garden.' 

1849. LYTTON, Cantons, pt. VIII., 
ch. i. The cabman, to swell his fare, had 
thought proper to take a CIRCUMBENDIBUS. 

1890. Notes and Queries, 7 S., ix., 
29 March. . . . No choice but to deliver 
himself of a malediction with a CIRCUM- 
BENDIBUS. 



CIRCUMLOCUTION OFFICE, suds. 
(common). A centre of red- 
tape ; a roundabout way. [A 
term invented by Charles Dickens 
(see quot., 1857), and applied at 
first in ridicule to public offices, 
where everybody tries to shuffle 
off his responsibilities upon some 
one else. 

1857. C. DICKENS, Little Dorrit, I., 
x. The CIRCUMLOCUTION OFFICE was the 
most important Department under Govern- 
ment. Ibid. Whatever was required to 
be done, the CIRCUMLOCUTION OFFICE was 
beforehand with all the public departments 
in the art of perceiving How not to do it. 

1870. Graphic, Feb. 19, in 'By the 
Bye.' To complete the contretemps a. por- 
tion of the telegraphs struck work on the 
very first day- of the Government taking 
them in hand. Of course the great tribe 



Circumslogdologize. "6 



of evil-wishers ran about chuckling, and 
rubbing their hands gleefully. ' I told 
you so,' cried Rubasore. CIRCUMLOCU- 
TION OFFICE again, sneered Crossgrain. 



Clack. 



Cl RCU MSLOGDOLOGIZE. See 

STOCKDOLLAGIZE. 

CIRCUMSTANCE. NOT A CIRCUM- 
STANCE, etc., phr. (American). 
Not to be compared with ; a 
trifle ; of no account unfavour- 
able comparison. 

18(?). J. H. BEADLE, Western Wilds, 
p. 28. I took a broadhorn to Noo Orleens, 
and when I was paid off on the levee, I 
was the worst lost man you ever did see. 
In the middle of the thickest woods in the 
world WASN'T A CIRCUMSTANCE TO IT. 

1848. J. R. LOWELL, Biglow Papers. 
For Jacob WARN'T A SUCKEMSTANCE to 
Teflf at financiering He never'd thought of 
borryin' from Esau like all nater An' then 
cornfiscatin' all debts to sech a small 
pertater. 

To WHIP [something] INTO A 
CIRCUMSTANCE = to surpass. 
Thus a newspaper correspondent 
writes that ' the streets of George- 
town,Demerara,are broad,smoolh, 
and well laid out. Georgetown 
could give points to New York 
in its roads, and WHIP IT INTO 

A CIRCUMSTANCE.' 

CIRCUS-CUSS, subs, (thieves'). A 
circus -rider. 

CITIZEN, subs, (thieves'). A wedge 
for 'prizing open' safes, before 
the ALDERMAN (q.v.), and JEMMY 
(q.v.). See also CITIZENS' 

FRIEND. 

CITIZENS' FRIEND, subs, (thieves'). 
A smaller wedge than the 
CITIZEN (q.v.}, for ' prizing open ' 
safes. The order in which the 
tools are used is (i) CITIZENS' 
FRIEND; (2) CITIZEN; (3) the 
ALDERMAN (i.e., a JEMMY); and 



sometimes (4) a LORD MAYOR. 
For synonyms, see JEMMY and 
BETTY. 



CITY COLLEGE, subs, (thieves'). 
Newgate. In New York = * The 
Tombs.' For synonyms, see 
CAGE. 

CITY STAGE, subs, (old). The 
gallows, formerly in front of 
Newgate. For synonyms, see 
NUBBING CHEAT. 

CIVET, subs, (general). The female 
pudendum. For synonyms, see 
MONOSYLLABLE. 

CIVIL RECEPTION. See HOUSE OF 
CIVIL RECEPTION. 

CIVIL-RIG, subs, (vagrants'). A 
trick to obtain alms by a pro- 
fuse show of civility and obse- 
quiousness. 

CIVVIES, subs, (military). Civilians' 
clothes, as opposed to regimen- 
tals. [A corruption of the legiti- 
mate word.] 

CLACK, subs, (colloquial). i. Idle, 
loquacious talk ; gossip ; prattle 
an exceedingly old usage. For 
synonyms, see PATTER. 

c. 1440. YORK, Myst. XXXIV., 2x1. 
Ther quenes vs comeres with her CLAKKE. 

[M.] 

1599. NASHE, Lenten Stujfe, in wks. 
V. 251. Their CLACKE or gabbling to this 
purport. 

1678. BUTLER, Hudibras, pt. III., 
ch. ii. And, with his everlasting CLACK, 
Set all men's ears upon the rack. 

1748. SMOLLETT, Rod. Random, ch. 
liv. I dreaded her unruly tongue, and 
felt by anticipation the horrors of an eternal 

CLACK ! 

1812. H. AND J. SMITH, Rejected 
Addresses (' Punch's Apotheosis '). See 
she twists her mutton fists like Molyneux 



Clack-Box. 



117 



Claim. 



or Beelzebub, And t'other's CLACK, who 
pats her back, is louder far than Bell's 
hubbub. 

1888. J. PAYN, Myst Mirbridge 
(Tauchn.) II., xviii., 197. The old fellow 
would have had a CLACK with her. [M.] 

2. (common). The tongue 
[/.*., that which CLACKS (q.v.), 
verb.~\ A more ancient form was 
CLAP dating back to 1225. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Glib; 
red-rag ; clapper ; dubber ; vel- 
vet ; jibb ; quail-pipe. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. La dili- 
gence de Rome (popular) ; un bat- 
tant (thieves' : also ' heart,' 
'stomach,' and 'throat'); un 
bon battant ('a nimble tongue.' 
Cf., ' clapper ' ) ; line chiffe or un 
chijfon rouge (popular); unegaffe-, 
legrelot. 



Lecker 



GERMAN SYNONYM. 
(literally ' the licker ') 



ITALIAN SYNONYMS. 
Una ; dannoso (literally ' damag- 
able ') ; zavarina (properly ' a 
trifling old woman '). 

SPANISH SYNONYM. La deso- 
sada (i.e., Old Boneless). 

1598. GREENE, Jos. 7F., wks. (Gros.) 
XIII., 210. Haud your CLACKS, lads. [M.] 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
CLACK (s.) . . . also a nickname tor a 
woman's tongue ; a prattler or busybody. 

1828. D'ISRAELI, Chas. I., II., i., 23. 
Who, as washerwomen ... at their 
work, could not hold their CLACK. [M.] 

1864. E. SARGENT, Peculiar, III., 
76. To hermetically seal up this Mrs. 
Gentry's CLACK. [M.] 

Verb. To gabble. For syno- 
nyms, see PATTER. 

CLACK- Box, subs, (common). i. 
The mouth. For synonyms, se,e 
POTATO-TRAP. 



2. (common). A chatterbox. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. A mouth 
almighty ; poll parrot ; babble - 
merchant ; slammer. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un par- 
lotteur (familiar) ; un devidmr or 
une devideuse (popular : literally 
* a winder ') ; un bagotdard (popu- 
lar : c'est unfameux bagoulard= 
he is the bloke to slam) ; un 
chambert : abuser du crachoir 
(said of a chatterbox who does 
too much with the ' spitter '). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Hab- 
latista (m ; jocular) ; habtantin 
or hablanchin (m ; colloquial) ; 
ladrador (m ; properly ' a barker '); 
prosador (m ; properly ' a sarcastic 
and malicious babbler ') ; gazetilla 
(f; a farthing newspaper ') ; gar- 
lador ; fuelle (m ; properly 'a pair 
of bellows ') ; ya escampa (it is 
importunate babbling ; escampar 
signifies literally ' to clean or 
clear out a place ') ; cotorrera 
( = a gossip ; cotorreria loqua- 
city ; a term specially applied to 
women) ; comadre (f; jueves de 
comadres = Cummers' Thursday, 
the last before Shrove Tuesday) ; 
una chicharra. (a prattler ; chi- 
charra ' a froth worm ' or ' har- 
vest fly ') ; charlantin. 

CLACK-LOFT, subs, (popular). A 
pulpit. [From CLACK, verb^ + 
LOFT, an elevated room or place.] 
For synonyms, see HUM-BOX, 

CLAIM, verb (thieves'). To steal, 
(A locution similar in character 
to 'annex,' 'convey,' etc., and 
derived from a sense of the legi- 
timate word signifying ' to de- 
mand on the ground of right.') 
For synonyms, see PRIG, 



Clam. 



118 



Clap. 



1879. J.W. HORSLEY, in Macmillaris 
Mag-., XL., 501. So I CLAIMED (stole) 
them. 

To JUMP A CLAIM, phr. (Ameri- 
can and colonial). To take 
forcible possession ; to defraud ; 
specifically to seize land which has 
been taken up and occupied by 
another settler, or squatter. The 
first occupant is, by squatter law 
and custom, entitled to the first 
claim on the land. See JUMP. 

1846. E. H. SMITH, Hist, of Black 
Hawk. When I hunted claims, I went far 
and near, Resolved from all others to keep 
myself clear ; And if, through mistake, I 
JUMPED A man's CLAIM, As soon as I knew 
it I jumped off again. 

18(7). F. MARRYAT, Mountains and 
Molehills, p. 217. If a man JUMPED my 
CLAIM, and encroached on my boundaries, 
and I didn't knock him on the head with a 
pickaxe, I appealed to the crowd, and, my 
claim being carefully measured and found 
correct, the jumper would be ordered to 
confine himself to his own territory. 

1883. R. L. STEVENSON, The Silver- 
ado Squatters, p. 221. The CLAIM was 
JUMPED ; a track of mountain-side, 
fifteen hundred feet long by six hundred 
wide . . . had passed from Ronalds 
to Hanson, and in the passage changed 
its name from the ' Mammoth ' to the 
' Calistoga.' 

CLAM, suds. (American). I. A 
blockhead. Anglice, ' as stupid as 
an oyster.' Shakspeare (Much 
Ado About Nothing, ii. 3) has 
* Love may transform me to an 
oyster ; but I'll take my oath on 
it, till he hath made an oyster of 
me, he shall never make me such 
afool.' 6^ CHOWDER-HEADED ; 
chowder is a favourite form of 
serving clams. 

1871. S. L. CLEMENS ('Mark 
Twain'), Sketches, I., 46. A fine stroke 
of sarcasm, that, but it will be lost on such 
an intellectual CLAM as you. 

2. The mouth or lips. Also 

CLAM-SHELL. ' Shut your CLAM- 
SHELL ' = 'Shut your mouth.' 
The padlock now used on 



the United States mail-bags 
is called the 'Clam-shell padlock.' 
For synonyms, see POTATO-TRAP. 

1825. J. NEAL, Bro. Jonathan^ I., 

143. Shet your CLAM, our David. 

1848. J. R. LOWELL, Biglow Papers, 
II., p. 19. You don't feel much like 
speakin', When if you let your CLAM- 
SHELLS gape, a quart of tar will leak in. 

1848. B ARTLETT, Diet. A mericanisnts. 
SHUT UP YOUR CLAM-SHELLS. Close your 
Hps together; be silent. Common along 
the shores of Connecticut and Rhode 
Island, where clams abound. Same as 
' shut your head.' 

CLAM -BUTCHER, subs* (American). 
A man who opens clams ; the 
attendant at an oystejr bar is 
an ' oyster-butcher,' 

CLANK, stebs. (thieves'), A pewter 
tankard ; formerly a silver one. 

1785, GROSE, Dict^ Vvlg* Tongue 
CLANK : a silver tankard. 

1837. DISRAEU, V^netia, ch. xiv. 
Tip me the CLANK like a dimber mort as 
you are. 

CLANKER, subs. (old). i. A great 
lie. Grose. C/., CLINKER. For 
synonyms, see WHOPPER. 

2. (old). Silver plate. Cf*> 
CLANK. 



CLANK NAPPER, subs, (old). A 
thief whose speciality is silver- 
plate. [From CLANK, subs. + 
NAPPER (q.v.}, a thief.] For 
synonyms, see THIEVES. 

CLAP (or CLAPPER), subs, (com- 
mon). I. The tongue. [From 
CLAP = chatter; a babbler's tongue 
is said to be hung in the middle, 
and to sound with both ends.] 
For synonyms, see CLACK. 

a. 1225. Ancr. R., 72. "heone Ru ^en 
heo neuere astunten hore CLEPFE. 



Clap. 



119 



Claras. 



1609. DEKKER, Guls Horne-Booke, 
ch. vi. And to let that CLAPPER (your 
tongue) be tost so high, that all the house 
may ring of it. 

1633. MASSINGER, New Way to Pay 
Old Debts, III., 2. Greedy. Sir Giles, 
Sir Giles ! Over. The great fiend, stop 
that CLAPPER ! 

1750. FIELDING, Tom Jones, bk. VII., 
ch. xv. My landlady was in such high 
mirth with her company that no CLAPPER 
could be heard there but her own. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, i 
S., ch. xix. I thought I should have 
snorted right out two or three times . . . 
to hear the critter let her CLAPPER run that 
fashion. 

1861. HUGHES, Tom Brownat Oxford, 
ch. vi. But old Murdoch was too pleased 
at hearing his own CLAPPER going, and 
too full of whiskey, to find him out. 

1878. JOHN PAYNE, tr. Poems of 
Villon, p. 139. Enough was left me (as 
warrant I will) To keep me from holding 
my CLAPPER still, When jargon that 
meant ' You shall be hung ' They read to 
me from the notary's bill : Was it a time to 
hold my tongue ? 

2. (vulgar). Gonorrhoea ; 
once in polite use. [Origin 
uncertain ; ff. t Old Fr. dapoir, 
bosse, bubo, panus inguinis ; 
clapoire, clapier, 'lieu de debauche, 
' maladie tfon y attrape''}. For 
synonyms, see LADIES' FEVER. 

1587. Myrr. Mag., Malin iii. Before 
they get the CLAP. 

1706. FARQUHAR. The Recruiting 
Officer. Five hundred a year besides 
guineas for CLAPS. 

1709. SWIFT. Adv. Relig. Works 
[1755] II., i. 99, s.v. 

1738. JOHNSON, London, 114. They 
sing, they dance, clean shoes, or cure a 
CLAP. 

1881. In Syd. Soc. Lex. 

Verb (vulgar). To infect with 
CLAP; see subs. Also figuratively. 

1658. OSBORN. fas. I. [1673], 514. 
Atropos CLAPT him, a Pox on the Drab ! 

1680. BUTLER, Rem. [1759], I' 249. 
[They] had ne'er been CLAP'D with a poetic 
itch. 



1738. Laws of Chance. Pref. 9. It 
is hardly i to 10 . . . that a Town- 
Spark of that Age has not been CLAP'D. 

CLAPPER-DUDGEON, subs. (old). 
A whining beggar. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 26. 
These Palliards be called also CLAPPER 
DOGENS, these go with patched clokes, 
and haue their morts with them which 
they cal wiues. 

1625. JONSON, Staple of News, II. 
Here he is, and with him what? a 
CLAPPER-DUDGEON ! That's a good sign, 
to have the beggar follow him so near. 

1705-7. WARD, Hudibras Rediviyus, 
vol. I., pt. V., p. 10. Says he, there is an 
old curmudgeon, A hum-drum, preaching, 

CLAPPERDUDGEON. 

1863. SALA, Capt. Dang., II., vii., 
225. Rogues, Thieves . . . and CLAPPER- 
DUDGEONS . . . infested the outskirts of 
the Old Palace. [M.] 

CLAP OF THUNDER, subs. phr. 
(old). A glass of gin : a variant 
of FLASH OF LIGHTNING (q.v.}. 

1821. P. EGAN, Tom and Jerry 
[Ed. 1890], p. 79- I have not exactly 
recovered from the severe effects of the 
repeated ' flashes of lightning ' and strong 
CLAPS OF THUNDER, with which I had to 
encounter last night. 

CLAP-SHOULDER, subs. (old). A 
term applied to the officers of 
justice who laid their hands upon 
people's shoulders when they ar- 
rested them. Cf., CATCH-POLE. 

1630. TAYLOR, Workes. CLAP- 
SHOULDER Serjeants get the devill and all, 
By begging and by bringing men in thrall. 

CLAPSTER, subs, (vulgar). An 
habitual sufferer from gonorrhoea ; 
by implication, one much and 
often in the way of getting 
clapped. 

CLARAS, subs. (Stock Exchange). 
Caledonian Railway Deferred 
and Ordinary Stock. 

1887. ATKIN, Hoitse Scraps. For 
we have our Sarahs and CLAKAS. Our 
Noras and Doras for fays. 



Claret. 



120 



Clay. 



CLARET, subs, (pugilistic). Blood, 
Variants are BADMINTON, BOR* 
DEAUX, and COCHINEAL-DYE, 
French le vermeil or Le vermois. 

1604. DEKKER, Honest Whore, II,, 
45, wks. [1873]. This should be a 
Coronation day : for my head 



lustily. 

1819. THOMAS MOORE, Tom Crib's 
Memorial to Congress, p. 25. ... This 
being the first Royal CLARET let flow, 
Since Tom took the Holy Alliance in Tow, 
The uncorking produced much sensation 
about, As bets had been flush on the first 
painted snout. 

1878. BESANT AND RICE, By Celia's 
Arbour, ch. xxxix. The lieutenant picked 
him up, and placed him because he 
declined to stand ; and, indeed, the CLARET 
was flowing freely in the President's arm 
chair. 

To TAP ONE'S CLARET, phr.-- 
To draw blood. 



CLARET JUG, subs, (pugilistic). The 
nose. [From CLARET, blood, + 
JUG, a receptacle.] For syno- 
nyms, see CONK. 

18o9. Punch, vol. XXXVII., p. 22. 

' A Chapter on Slang.' A man's broken 
nose, is his CLARET-JUG smashed. 

CLARIAN, subs. (Cambridge Uni- 
versity). A member of Clare 
Hall, Cambridge ; also a GREY- 
HOUND (q.V.). 

1889. C. WHIBLEY. Cap and Gown. 
E'en stuke-struck Ciarians strove to stoop. 

CLASS, subs, (athletic). The highest 
quality or combination of highest 
qualities among athletes. He's 
not CLASS enough, i.e., not good 
enough. There's a deal of CLASS 
about him, i.e., a. deal of quality. 
The term obtains to a certain ex- 
tent among turfites. 

1884. Referee, March 23, p. i, col. 3. 
The elasticity necessary for anything like 
CLASS at sprinting departs comparatively 
early. 



CLAW, subs, (prison). A lash of 
the cat-o'-nine-tails, C/".,CLAWED- 
OFF, sense I. 

1876. GREENWOOD, A Night in a 
Work-house. Oh ! cuss that old Kerr, 
whp cgndemned me to twenty-five CLAWS 
with the cat. 

CLAWS FOR BREAKFAST, subs, 
phr. (prison), See quot. 

1873. GREENWOOD, In Strange Com- 
pany, A ruffian being uncertain as to the 
morning when he is to have, as he himself 
would say, CLAWS for breakfast, is in the 
habit of lying night after night in a sweat 
of terror, 

CLAWED-QFF, adv. phr. (old), i. 
Severely beaten or whipped. Cf,, 
CLAW, 

2. (old). Venereally infected. 

CLAW-HAMMER, subs. ,(Irish), 
A dress coat, [From a 
supposed similarity in the 
put of the tails to a CLAW HAM- 
MER, one end of which is 
divided into two claws, for 
extracting nails from wood.] 
Also called STEEL- PEN COAT and 
SWALLOW-TAIL- For synonyms 
of evening dress generally, see 
WAR-PAINT. 

1863. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE, Pas* 
sages from English Note-books, I., 538. 
Sea-captains call a dress-coat a CLAW? 

HAMMER. 

1883. Punch, July si, p. ag, col. 2. 
An ' Impressionist ' i not impressive 
In a CLAW-HAMMER on a public platform. 

1889. Pall Mall Gazette, Nov. n, 
p. 7, co}. i. After the CLAW-HAMMED 
crowd had been exhausted, he sent up an 
invitation to the great army of unvarnished. 

CLAY, subs, (colloquial). A clay 
pipe. Cf., YARD OF CLAY, but 
for synonyms, see CHURCHWAR- 
DEN. 

1859. FAIRHOLT, Tobacco (1876), 173. 
Such long pipes were reverently termed 
ALDERMEN in the last age, and irreve- 
rently YARDS OF CLAY in the present one. 






Clean. 



121 



Clean Wheat. 



1861. HUGHES. Tom Brownat Oxford, 
ch. xxi., p. 223. He is churchwarden at 
home, and can't smoke anything but a long 
CLAY.' 

1866. London Miscellany, 19 May,p. 
235, col. 2. Surely these men, who win 
and lose fortunes with the stolidity of a 
mynheer smoking his CLAY YARD, must 
be of entirely different stuff from the rest 
of us. 

1871. CALVERLEY, Verses and Tr. 
Ode Tobacco. Jones . , . daily absorbs a 
CLAY after his labours. 

TO MOISTEN, SOAK, or WET 

ONE'S CLAY, verbal, pht. To 
drink. [Clay = the human body, ] 

1708. Brit. Apollo, No. 80, 3, i. We 
were MOISTENING OUR CLAY. , 

1711. ADDISON, Spectator, No. 72, 
par. 9. To MOISTEN THEIR CLAY,: an d 
grow immortal by drinking. 

1731. FIELDING, Letter Writers, 
Act ii., Sc. 2. A soph, he is immortal, 
And never can decay ; For how should he 
return to dust Who daily WETS HIS CLAY? 

1790. RHODES, Bombastes Arioso. 
MOISTENING OUR CLAY and puffing off our 
cares. 

1800. Morning Chronicle (in Whibjey, 
p. 92). Cram not your attics With dry 
mathematics, But MOISTEN YOUR CLAY 
with a bumper of wine. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xxxix., 
p. 345. Ever and anon MOISTENING HIS 
CLAY and his labours with a glass of claret. 

1837. BARHAM, /. L. (The Monstre 
Saloon). And they're feasting the party, 
and SOAKING THEIR CLAY, With Johannis- 
berg, Rudesheimer, Moselle, and Tokay. 

1864. LOWELL, Fireside Trav., 119. 
When his poor old CLAY WAS WET with 
gin. [M.] 

CLEAN, adj. and adv. (colloquial 
and expletive). I. Entirely ; 
altogether; e.g., CLEAN GONE, 
CLEAN BROKE, etc. Employed 
by the best writers until a recent 
date, and scarce colloquial even 
now. 

1888. W. E. HENLEY. A Book of 
Verses, 'Ballade of a Toyokuni Colour 
Print.' Child, although I have forgotten 
CLEAN, I know That in the shade of Fuji- 
san, What time the cherry orchards blow, 
I loved you, once, in old Japan. 



1890. MARK RUTHERFORD (' Reuben 
Shapcott '), Miriam's Schooling, p. u. 
The memory of the battle by the hill 
Moreh is CLEAN forgotten. 

2. Expert ; smart. 

1878. CHARLES HINDLEY, Life and 
Times of James Catnach. The CLEANEST 
angler on the pad, In daylight or the 
darky. 

CLEAN -Our, verbal phr. (colloquial) 
To exhaust; strip; 'rack'; or 
ruin. Fr. , sefaire lessiver. 

1812. J. H. VAUX, Flash Diet. 
CLEANED OUT : said of a gambler who 
has lost his last stake at play ; also, of a 
flat who has been stript of all his money. 

1819. THOS. MOORE, Tom Crib's 
Memorial to Congress, p. 38. All 
Lombard-street to ninepence on it, 
Bobby's the boy would CLEAN them OUT ! 

1840. DICKENS, Old Curiosity Shop, 
ch. xxix., p. He never took a dice-box 
in his hand, or held a card, but he was 
plucked, pigeoned, and CLEANED OUT 
completely. 

c. 1880. Broadside Ballad, ' When 
I was Prince of Paradise.' I introduced 
' lop ' in an hour or two, I'd CLEANED all 
their pockets right OUT. 

CLEAN POTATO, phr. (general). 

. The right thing. Of an action 

indiscreet or dishonest, it is said 

that * Jt's not the CLEAN POTATO.' 

CLEAH STRAW, subs, (Winchester 
College). Clean sheets. [Before 
1540 the beds were bundles of 
straw on a stone floor. At that 
date Dean Fleshmonger put in 
oaken floors, and provided proper 
beds, such as existed in 1871 in 
Third, and later in the case of 
the Prsefect of Hall's unused beds 
in Sixth. The term has never 
been used, as stated by Barrere, 
in reference to mattresses of any 
kind, straw or other,] 

CLEAN WHEAT. IT'S THE CLEAN 
WHEAT, phr. (general). The 



Clear. 



122 



Clergyman. 



best of its kind. For synonyms, 
see A i and FIZZING. 



CLEAR, adj. and adv. (old). 
Thick with liquor. [Apparently 
on the principle lucus a non 
lucendo. ] 

1688. SHADWELL, Sqr., Alsatia, I., 
iv. Yes, really I was CLEAR ; for I do not 
remember what I did. 

1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew. 
CLEAR : very Drunk. 

1699. VANBKUGH, Relapse, IV., iii. 
I suppose you are CLEAR you'd never 
play such a trick as this else. 

1725. New Cant. Diet., s.v. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
The cull is CLEAR let's bite him. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

Verb. See CLEAR OUT. 

CLEAR AS MUD, adv. phr. (com- 
mon) = Not particularly lucid. 

CLEAR CRYSTAL, subs, (popular). 
White spirits, as gin and whisky, 
but extended to brandy and rum. 

CLEAR GRIT, subs. i. (Canadian). 
A member of the colonial 
Liberal party, 

1884. Fortnightly Review, May, 592. 
There arose up [in Canada] a political 
party of a Radical persuasion, who were 
called CLEAR GRITS, and the CLEAR 
GRITS declared for the secularisation of 
the Clergy Reserves. 

2. (American). The right 
sort ; having no lack of spirit ; 
unalloyed ; decided. 

1835-40. HALIBURTON ("Sam Slick 1 ;, 
Clockmaker, 3 S., ch. xxxii. I used to 
think champagne no better nor mean cider 
. . . but if you get the CLEAR GRIT 
there is no mistaking it. 

1861. New York Tribune, 10 Oct. 
Nor do we think the matter much mended 
by a CLEAR GRIT Republican convention, 
putting one or two Democrats at the foot 
of their tickets. 



CLEAR OUT (or CLEAR OFF), verbal 
phr. (colloquial). 1< To depart. 

1825. J. NEAL, Bro. Jonathan, II., 
151. Like many a hero before him, he 

CLEARED OUT. 

1861. Harper's Monthly, August. 
You'll have to CLEAR OUT, and that pretty 
quick or I'll be after you with a sharp 
stick. 

1885. Truth, 28 May, 1847. ! would 
have the Canal under the control of an 
International Commission . . . and then I 
would CLEAR OUT of the country. 

1888. J. RICKABY, Moral Philos., 205. 
To warn the visitor to CLEAR OFF. 

2. (popular). To rid of cash ; 
to ruin ; to ' clean out. ' 

1849-50. THACKERAY, Pendennis. 
The luck turned from that minute . . . 
came away CLEARED OUT, leaving that 
infernal check behind me. 

1884. Illustrated London News, 
Christmas Number, p. 6, col. 2. He 
CLEARED you OUT that night, old man. 



CLEAVE, verb (old). To be wanton ; 
used of women. [Quoted by 
Grose, 1785.] 

CLEFT, subs, (common). The 
female pudendum. For synonyms, 
see MONOSYLLABLE. 

CLEGG, subs. (Scots). A horse-fly. 
CLENCH ER. See CLINCHER. 

CLERGYMAN, subs, (common). A 
chimney-sweep. [In allusion to 
the colour of ' the cloth.'] Clergy- 
men in their turn = ' chimney 
sweeps. ' 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Black 
draught ; knuller ; flue-faker ; 
querier ; chummy. 



FRENCH SYNONYMS. 
artiste \ fean de la suif. 



Un 



Clerked. 



123 



Climb Down. 



ST. NICHOLAS' CLERK or 
CLERGYMAN (old). A highway- 
man. 

1589. R. HARVEY, PI. Perc., I, A 
quarrel, by the highway side, between a 
brace of SAINT NICHOLAS CLARGIE MEN. 
[M.] 

1597. SHAKSPEARE, King Henry IV., 
\. i. Sirrah, if they meet not with ST. 
NICHOLAS' CLERKS, I'll give thee this 
neck. 

CLERKED,^//, adj. (old). Imposed 
upon; 'SOLD' (q.v.). 

1785. GROSE, Dick. Vulg. Tongue. 
The cull will not be CLERKED. 

CLERKS. See ST. NICHOLAS' 
CLERK. 

CLERK'S BLOOD, subs. (old). Red 
ink. A common expression of 
Charles Lamb's. 

CLEVER SHINS, phr. (school). 
Sly to no purpose. 

CLEYMES, subs. (old). Artificial 
sores, made by beggars to excite 
charity. 

CLICK, subs, (pugilistic). A blow. 
For synonyms, see DIG, BANG 
and WIPE. Also a hold in wrest- 
ling. 

1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memo- 
rial, p. 1 8. Home-hits in the bread-basket 
CLICKS in the gob. Ibid, p. 30. 

1871. Daily Telegraph, 8 April. C. 
and W. Wrestling Society. The various 
competitors struggled hard and put on 
all they knew in 'hipes,' 'hanks,' 'CLICKS,' 
'strokes,' and 'buttockings.' 

Verb (old). See quots., and 
Cf., CLICKER. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
CLICK (v.) . . . or to stand at a shop- 
door and invite customers in, as salesmen 
and shoemakers do. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
To CLICK a nab ; to snatch a hat. 



CLICKER, or KLICKER, subs. old). 
i. A shop-keeper's tout. [For- 
merly a shoemaker's doorsman or 
BARKER (q.v.), but in this par- 
ticular trade the term is nowadays 
appropriated to a foreman who 
cuts out leather and dispenses 
materials to workpeople ; a sense 
not altogether wanting from the 
very first.] 

c. 1690. B. E. Diet. Cant. Crew. 
CLICKER : the shoemaker's journeyman 
or servant, that cutts out all the work, and 
stands at or walks before the door, and 
sales, ' What d'ye lack, sir ? what d'ye buy, 
madam?" 

1698. WARD, London Spy, pt. V., p. 
117. Women were here almost as Trouble- 
some as the Long-Lane CLICKERS. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
CLICKER (s.) : the person that stands at a 
shoe-maker's door to invite customers to 
buy the wares sold there. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Dictionary. 
CLICKER : a female touter at the bonnet 
shops in Cranbourne Alley. In North- 
amptonshire, the cutter out in a shoe- 
making establishment. 

2. (popular). A knockdown 
blow. See CLICK, subs, sense. 

3. (thieves'). One who ap- 
portions the booty or 'regulars.' 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

CLIFT, verb (thieves'). To steal. 
For synonyms, see PRIG. 

CLIMB DOWN, subs, and verb (collo- 
quial). The abandonment of a 
position ; downward or retro- 
grade motion ; the act of sur- 
render. At first American. 

1871. REV. H. W. BEECHER, Star 
Papers, p. 41, quoted in De Vere's Ameri- 
canisms. To CLIMB DOWN the wall was 
easy enough, too easy for a man who did 
not love wetting. Ibid, I partly CLIMBED 
DOWN, and wholly clambered back again, 
satisfied that it was easier to get myself in 
than to get the flowers out. 

1889 St. James s Gazette, 22 Nov, 
p. 12, col. 2. I am particularly pleased 
(adds our correspondent) with the noble 



Clinch. 



124 



Clink. 



conduct of the Bread Union, the first to 
CLIMB DOWN, and the promptest to send in 
its little bill. 

1890. Globe, 7 April, p. 2, col. 2. It 
is satisfactory to learn on no less an 
authority than that of the New York 
Herald that the general election may at 
the moment be regarded remote. This is 
indeed a CLIMB DOWN on the part of the 
chief disseminator of the Dissolution 
rumour. 

1890. Globe, 19 Feb., p. 2, col. 2. 
Mr. MacNeill's ' personal statement ' in 
the House yesterday was distinctly in the 
nature of a CLIMB DOWN. 



CLINCH, subs, (thieves'). A prison 
cell. [? From CLINCH, to clutch, 
grip, and hold fast. Cf., CLINK.] 
Variants in English are BOX, COB, 

SALT-BOX, CHOKEY and SHOE. 
Fr., une cachemitte, um cachemar 
or cachemince (all thieves', from 
cachet, ' a black hole ') ; also un 
clou (military) ; maison de cam- 
pagne (military) ; un mazaro, or 
lazaro ; une matatane (military) ; 
un ours (popular) ; un abattoir 
(thieves' ; properly ' a slaughter 
house.' This last, the name of 
the condemned cell in the prison 
of La Roquette, corresponds to 
the Newgate Salt Box). In 
German : Ndck (only in Zimmer- 
mann ; single cell in a prison ; 
probably from the U.G. Noche 

and the M.H.G. Nacke = boat, 
from its shape ; derivation from 
the Hebrew Nekef = hole, is also 
possible). 

TO GET Or KISS THE CLINCH 

or CLINK, verbal phr. (thieves'). 
To be imprisoned. For syno- 
nyms, see COP. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet., p. 102. 
s.v. 

CLINCH ER or CLENCH ER,SU&S. (col- 
loquial). i. That which decides 
a matter, especially a retort 
which closes an argument ; a 
' finisher,' * settler,' * corker.' 

- [From CLINCH, * to secure or 



make fast,' through its obsolete 
meaning of 'to pun or quibble,' 
+ ER.] 

1754. B. MARTIN, Eng. Diet. CLIN- 
CHER ... an unanswerable reason or 
argument. 

1839. PIERCE EGAN, Finish to Life 
in London, p. 13. Death comes but once, 
the Philosophers say And 'tis true my 
brave boys, but that once is a CLENCHER 
It takes us from drinking and loving away 
And spoils at a blow the best tippler and 
wencher. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xvi., 
p. 136. 'Why cannot I communicate with 
the young lady's friends?' ' Because they 
live one hundred miles from here, sir,' 
responded Job Trotter. ' That's a 
CLINCHER,' said Mr. Weller, aside. 

2. (common). An unsur- 
passed lie ; a 'stopper-up,' [This 
sense flows naturally from sense 
I and the accepted usages of 
CLINCH, verb and noun. C/. t 
CLINKER, WHOPPER, THUMPER, 
WHACKER, etc.] For synonyms, 
see WHOPPER. 



CLING-RIG. See CLINK-RIG. 

CLINK, subs. (old). i. A prison or 
lock-up ; specifically applied, it 
is thought, to a noted gaol in the 
borough of Southwark ; subse- 
quently to places like Alsatia, 
the Mint, etc. privileged from 
arrests ; and latterly, to a small 
dismal prison or a military guard 
room. For synonyms, see CAGE. 

1515. BARCLAY, Egloges, I. (1570) 
A. 5, 4. Then art thou clapped in the 
Flete or CLINKE. [M.] . 

1642. MILTON, Apol. for Smect, ii., 
in wks. (1806) I., 237. And the divine 
right of episcopacy was then valiantly as- 
serted, when he who would have been re- 
spondent, must have bethought himself 
withal how he could refute the CLINK or 
the Gatehouse. 

1835. MARRY AT, Jacob Faithful, ch. 
xix. Come along with me ; we've a nice 
CLINK. at Wandsworth to lock you up in. 



Clink. 



Clinker. 



1839. H. 

ep. I., ch. vi. The old and ruinous prson 
belonging to the liberty of the Bishop of 
Winchester (whose palace formerly ad- 
joined the river) ; called the CLINK. 

2. (thieves'). Silver plate ; 
also CLINCH. See CLANK. 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
II. He wouldn't have been hobbled but 
the melting-pot receiver proved his selling 
the CLINK to him. 

3. (Scotch colloquial). Money. 
Cf., CHINK. 

1724-40. RAMSAY, Tea-t. Misc., 14. 
The Warld is rul'd by Asses, And the WISE 
are sway'd by CLINK. 

1789. BURNS, Let.J. Tennant, May 
ye get . . . Monie a laugh, and monie a 
drink, An' aye enough o' needfu' CLINK. 

1817. HOGG, Tales and Sk., II., 2, 3. 
Such young ladies as were particularly 
beautiful . . . and had the CLINK. [M.] 

4. (colloquial). Also BUM- 
CLINK. A very indifferent beer 
made from the gyle of malt and 
the sweepings of hop bins, and 
brewed especially for the benefit 
of agricultural labourers in har- 
vest time. 

1863. SALA, Capt. Dang., I., ix., 
266. A miserable hovel of an inn . . . 
where they ate their rye-bread and drank 
their sour CLINK. [M.] 

To Kiss THE CLINK, verbal 
phr. (old). To be imprisoned. 
[From CLINK, suds., sense i.] 
For synonyms, see COP. 

1588. JOHN UDALL, State of the Ch. 
of England, etc., p. 22 (Arber's ed.) DIOTR. 
Awaye, thou rayling hypocrite, I will 
talke with thee no longer, if I catche 
thee in London, I will make thee KISS THE 
CLINKE for this geare. PAUL. In deede 
the CLYNKE, Gate-house, White-lyon, and 
the Fleet, haue bin your onely argumentes 
whereby you haue proued your cause 
these many yeeres. 

1889. Gentleman s Magazine, p. 598. 
s.v. 

CLINKER, subs. i. (in plural, old). 
Fetters. For synonyms, see 
DARBIES. 



1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, CLIN- 
KERS : the Irons Felons wear in Gaols. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
CLINKERS : irons worn by prisoners. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

2. (old). A crafty, designing 
man. 

1690. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, CLIN- 
KER : a crafty fellow. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

3. (thieves'). A chain of any 
kind, whether fetter or watch 
chain. C/., sense I. 

t 4. (pugilistic). A well-de- 
livered blow; a 'hot-'un.' 

c. 1863. THACKERAY, Men's Wives, 
Frank Berry, ch. i. Berry goes gallantly 
in, and delivers a CLINKER on the gown- 
boy's jaw. 

5. (colloquial, chiefly sport- 
ing)- Any thing or person of 
first-rate and triumphant quality ; 
also a CLINCHER (q.v.) ; a 
'settler.' C/., sense 4. 

1733. SWIFT, Life and Character 
Dean S' t. A protestant's a special 
CLINKER. It serves for sceptic and free- 
thinker. [M.] 

1869. Daily Telegraph, 5 April. De- 
spite the indifferent manner in which 
Vagabond cut up at the finish of the 
Metropolitan, quite sufficient was seen of 
him to prove that at a mile and a half he 
is a CLINKER. 

1871. Daily News, 17 April, p. 2., col. 
i. Ripponden and Cheese wring per- 
formed so indifferently as to strengthen 
the doubts whether they are really 
CLINKERS. 

6. (common). Deposits of 
faecal or seminal matter in the 
hair about the anus or the female 
pud.ndum. 

7. (common). A lie. For 
synonyms, see WHOPPER. 

TO HAVE CLINKERS IN ONE'S 

BUM, phr. (vulgar). To be un- 
easy ; unable to sit still. 



Clinkeruw. 



126 



Clipping. 



CLINKERUM. The same as CLINK, 
sense I. 

CLINKING, ppl. adj. (common). 
First-rate ; extra good ; about 
the best possible. C/., CLIPPING, 
THUMPING, WHOPPING, BATT- 
LING, etc. 

1868. Daily Telegraph, 6 June. Ver- 
mouth was a CLINKING good horse. 

1887. Sporting Times, 12 March, p. 
a, col. 2. Prince Henry must be a CLINK- 
ING good horse when in the humour to go. 

1889. Polytechnic Mag., 24 Oct., p. 
263. Soon afterwards the Poly, obtained 
a free kick, and Young notched a point 
for them. Heard again steered the ball 
to the Clapham goal, and Toghill put in 
a CLINKING shot which just shaved the 
upright. 

CLINK-RIG or CLING-RIG, subs. 
(old). Stealing silver tankards 
from public-houses, etc. [From 
CLINK, plate, + RIG, a theft, or 
dodge. ] 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
II., 174, s.v. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet. , s. v. 

CLIP, subs, (colloquial). A smart 
blow, e.g., a CLIP in the eye. 
For synonyms, see DIG, BANG, 
and WIPE. 

1830. MARRYAT, King's Own, xxvi. 
The master fires and hits the cat a CLIP on 
the neck. 

1835. HALIBURTON ("Sam Slick'), 
The Clockmaker (1862^, 89. He made a 
pull at the old-fashioned sword . . . and 
drawing it out he made a CLIP at him. 

I860. Police Gazette, 17 November. 
He ran up to him, hit him a severe CLIP, 
and dashed through the window. 

Verb (colloquial). To move 
quickly. For analogous terms, s*e 
AMPUTATE. [Probably origin- 
ally a falconry term = to fly 
swiftly.] 

1838. M. SCOTT, Tom Cringle, xii. 
(1859,), 281. He CLIPPED into the water 
with the speed of light. 



1835-40. HALIBURTON ("Sam Slick'), 
The Clockmaker (1862), 46. He sees a 
steam-boat a CLIPPIN it by him like mad. 

1843-4. Sam Slick in England, viii. 
(Bartlett^. I ran all the way, right down 
as hard as I could CLIP. 

CLIPE, -verb (school). To tell 
tales; to 'split'; to PEACH; q.v. 
(for synonyms). 

CLIPPER, subs, (colloquial). A 
triumph in horses, men, or 
women ; a splendid man ; a 
brilliant or very stylish woman ; 
an admirable horse. [From 
CLIPPER, = a vessel built with a 
view to fast sailing; previous to 
which the term was applied to 
a hack for the road.] 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, i S., 
ch. xv. A perfect pictur' of a horse, and 
a genuine CLIPPER ; could gallop like the 
wind. 

1846. THACKERAY, V. Fair, ch. xvi. 
You have head enough for both of us, 
Beck, said he. You're sure to get us out 
of the scrape. I never saw your equal, 
and I've met with some CLIPPERS in my 
time, too. 

1851. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and Lon. 
Poor, I., p. 133. They [wild ducks] come 
over here when the weather's a CLIPPER ; 
for you see cold weather suits some birds 
and kills others. 

CLIPPING or CLIPPINGLY, ppl. adj. 
and adv. (common). Excellent ; 
very showy ; first-rate. [From 
that sense of clipping = that flies 
or moves fast. See quot., 1643.] 
For synonyms, see Ai and FIZ- 
ZING. 

1643. P. QUARLES, Emblemes, B. IV., 
ii., p. 194 (ed. 1648). O that the pinions 
of a CLIPPING Dove Would cut my passage 
through the Empty Air, Mine eyes being 
sealed, how would I mount above The 
reach of danger and forgotten care ! 

18(50. THACKERAY, Philip, ch. i., p. 
46. What CLIPPING girls there were in 
that barouche. 

1864. E. YATES, Broken to Harness, 
ch. xxiii. [Mr. Commissioner Beresford 
loq. :] CLIPPING riders, those girls ! good 
as Kate Mellon anyday ! 



Cloak. 



127 



Clock. 



CLOAK, subs, (thieves'). A watch 
case. [From CLOAK, an outer 
garment.] 

1839. HARRISON AINSWORTH, Jack 
Sheppard [1889], p. 70. Near to these 
hopeful youths sat a fence, or receiver, 
bargaining with a clouter, or pickpocket, 
for a ' suit," or, to speak in more intelligible 
language, a watch and seals, two ' CLOAKS,' 
commonly called watch-cases and a ' wedge- 
lobb,' otherwise known as a silver snuff- 
box. 

CLOAK-TWITCH ERS, subs. (old). 
Thieves who made a special 
business of robbing the lieges of 
their CLOAKS. [From CLOAK + 
TWITCH, to snatch, + ER.] In 
the old French cant these rogues 
were termed tirelaines^i.e.^ wool- 
pullers (tirer = pull). For syno- 
nyms, see THIEVES. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

CLOBBER, subs, (common). Pri- 
marily old, but now also applied 
to new clothes. For synonyms, 
see TOGS. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, Macm. Mag:, 
XL., 502. Having a new suit of CLOBBER 
on me. 

1889. Answers, n May, p. 374, col. 3. 
The CLOBBER (old clothes) which have 
been presented by charitable persons are 
exchanged and sold. 

1889. Sporting Times, quoted in 
Slang, Jargon, and Cant, p. 255. If you 
are hard up always tell the dear things 
that you are a gentleman's valet. This 
will account for your good CLOBBER. 

Verb. Also CLOBBER UP. i 
To patch ; revive ; or ' translate ' 
clothes. [Properly applied to 
cobbling of the lowest class. Cf., 
CLOBBERER.] 

1865. Casseirs Paper, Article, ' Old 
CloV They are now past 'CLOBBERING,' 
'reviving,' or 'translating,' they are, in 
fact, at the lowest point of Fortune's wheel : 
but the next turn puts them in its highest 
point again. 



2. To dress smartly ; to rig 
oneself out presentably. For 
synonyms, see RIG OUT. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, Macm. Mag., 
XL., 501. I used to get a good many pieces 
about this time, so I used to CLOBBER 
myself up and go to the concert-rooms. 

1886. W. E. HENLEY, Villon s Good- 
Night. You judes that CLOBBER for the 
stramm. 

1889. Fun [quoted in S.,J., and C. 
p. 256]. ' D'you know, if you were CLOB- 
BERED up I shouldn't mind taking you 
out?' She promised to be presentable. 
In her own words she said, ' I'll come 
CLOBBERED UP like a dukess.' 

TO DO CLOBBER AT A FENCE, 

phr. (thieves'). To sell stolen 
clothes. Fr., laver les harnats. 

CLOBBERER, subs, (common). See 
quot. and Cf., CLOBBER, subs. 
and verb. 

1864. The Times, Nov. 2. Old clothes 
that are intended to remain in this country 
have to be tutored and transformed. The 
CLOBBERER, the ' reviver,' and the ' trans- 
lator' lay hands upon them. The duty 
of the CLOBBERER is to patch, to sew up, 
and to restore as far as possible the 
garments to their pristine appearance. 

CLOCK, subs, (thieves'). A watch. 
A RED CLOCK^ a gold watch; a 
WHITE CLOCK = a silver watch. 
Generally modified into ' red'un ' 
and ' white'un,' but for synonyms, 
see TICKER. 

1886. Tit-Bits, 5 June, p. 121. Thus 
Fillied for a CLOCK and Slang, reveals the 
fact that the writer stole a watch and 
chain, was apprehended, and has been fully 
committed for trial. 

To KNOW WHAT'S O'CLOCK, 
phr. (common). To be on the 
alert ; in full possession of one's 
senses ; a DOWNEY COVE : gener- 
ally KNOWING(^.Z\ for synonyms). 
A variant is to KNOW THE TIME 
O'DAY. 

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Bo?, p. 
451. Our governor's wide awake, he is, 



Clod- Crushers. 



128 



Clothes-Pin. 



I'll never say nothin' agin him, nor no 
man ; but he knows WHAT'S O'CLOCK, he 
does, uncommon. 

1849-50. THACKERAY, Pendennis, I., 
p. 138. I'm not clever, p'raps, but I am 
rather downy, and partial friends say 
that I know WHAT'S O'CLOCK tolerably 
well. 

CLOCK STOPPED. See TICK. 



CLOD-CRUSHERS, subs, (popular). 
I. Clumsy boots. [In agri- 
culture an implement for pulveris- 
ingclods. Cf., BEETLE-CRUSHERS, 
and for synonyms, see TROTTER- 
CASES.] 

2. (common), Large feet. 
[A transferred usage. See sense 
I,] 

CLODS AND STICKINGS, subs. phr. 
(paupers'). See quot. 

1871. Daily Telegraph, 24 Oct. , Henry 
Melville's (the pauper) passionate, 
'beutiful,' for Stepney Workhouse is a 
grotesque reflex of Marie Stuart's pathetic 
farewell to France. Is the skilly we 
wonder most ' beutiful ' at Stepney, or 
are the CLODS AND STICKINGS unusually 
free from bone. 

CLOlSTER-RousH, subs. (Winches- 
ter College t obsolete). See quot. 

1870. MANSFIELD, School Life at 
Winchester College, p. 117. We had some 
singular customs at the commencement of 
Cloister time. Senior part and Cloisters, 
just before the entrance of the Masters 
into School, used to engage in a kind of 
general tournament ; this was called 
CLOISTER ROUSH. 

CLOOTIE (Scots). The Devil. See 
CLOOTS. 

1786 BURNS, Address to the Deil. 
Auld Hornie, Satan, Nick, or CLOOTIE. 

CLOOTS (Scots), subs. Hooves. 

1786. BURNS, The Death and Dying 
Words of Puir Mailie. An' no to rin and 
wear his CLOOTS, Are ither menseless, 
graceless brutes. 



CLOSE AS WAX, adv.phr. (general). 
Miserly ; niggardly ; secretive. 
[A simile derived mainly from 
CLOSE, adj. = hidden or reticent.] 

1863. C, READE. HardCash, I., 231. 
Then commenced a long and steady 
struggle, conducted with a Spartan dignity 
and self command, and a countenance as 

CLOSE AS WAX. 

CLOSE-FILE, stibs. (old). A person 

secretive or ' close ' ; not ' open ' 

or communicative. [From CLOSE, 

adj. secretive + FILE = a man.] 

1839. HARRISON AINSWORTH, Jack 

Sheppard [1889], p. 8. Tom Sheppard 

was always a CLOSE FILE, and would never 

tell whom he married. 

CLOTH. [Generally THE CLOTH], 
subs. (colloquial). Primarily 
clergymen ; the members of a 
particular profession. For syno- 
nyms, see DEVIL-DODGER. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers 
(about 1827), p. 363 (ed. 1857). ' I main- 
tain that that 'ere song's personal to THE 
CLOTH,' said the mottle-faced gentleman. 

1864. Daily Review, Nov. 3. It 
might have seemed more decorous to draw 
our illustration of the Doctor's [Revd.] in- 
genuity from an incident related of two 
persons who have some right to be con- 
sidered as in a sense belonging to THE 
CLOTH The Abbess and Novice of An- 
douillets. 

CLOTHES-LINE. ABLE TO SLEEP 

UPON A CLOTHES-LINE, phr. (com- 

mon). Capable of sleeping any- 
where or in any position ; said of 
those able and willing to rest as 
well upon the roughest ' shake- 
down ' as upon the most comfort- 
able bed. [Cf. t TWO-PENNY 

ROPE and PLANK-BED.] Also 

applied in a transferred sense a 
synonym for general capacity and 
ability. 

CLOTHES-PIN. THAT'S THE SORT 

OF CLOTHES-PIN I AM,///r. (popu- 

lar). That's the sort of man I am. 
In the case of women THAT'S 

THE SORT OF HAIR-PIN (q.V.}. 



Cloth Market. 



129 



Clouting. 



CLOTH -M ARK ET,jfo. (old). Abed. 
[Of obvious derivation. Cf. t Fr., 
la halle aux draps.] For syno- 
nyms, see BUG-WALK and KIP. 

1738. SWIFT, Pol. Convert., dial i. 
I hope your early rising will do you no 
harm. I find you are but just come out of 

the CLOTH MARKET. 

1824. T. FIELDING, Proverbs, etc. 
(Familiar Phrases), p. 148. He's in the 
CLOTH MARKET. In bed. 

CLOUD. See BLOW A CLOUD. 
CLOUD originally signified to- 
bacco smoke. [Grose, I7&5'] 
Fr., en griller une = to smoke a 
pipe or cigarette ; also en griller 
une seche and en griller une bouf- 
farde. 

CLOUD-CLEAN ER,SU&S. (nautical). 
See quot. ANGEL'S FOOTSTOOL, 
and Cf. 
18&3. W. CLARK RUSSELL, Sailors 

Word Book, p. 31. CLOUD-CLEANER, an 

imaginary sail jokingly assumed to be 

carried by Yankee ships. 

CLOUT, subs, (vulgar). i. A blow ; 
a kick. For synonyms, see BANG, 
DIG, and WIPE. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CLOUT : a blow (cant), I'll give you a 
CLOUT on your jolly nob ; I'll give you a 
blow on the head. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

1864. M. E. BRADDON, Aurora Floyd, 
ch. xx. ' If you had a father that'd fetch 
you a CLOUT of the head as soon as look at 
you, you'd run away perhaps. 

2. (thieves'). A pocket-hand- 
kerchief. [A.S. clilt, a clout or 
patch ; Dan. klud, Swed. klut, or 
perhaps from the Keltic ; hence, 
any worthless piece of cloth.] 
For synonyms, j<?<?WiPE, sense 2. 

1574-1637. BEN JONSON, Metam. 
Gipsies. And Tidslefoot has lost his 
CLOUT, he says, with a three-pence and 
four tokens in't. 

1714. Memoirs of John Hall, 4 ed., 
p. ii. [List of Cant Words in.] CLOUT : 
a handkerchief. 



1754. FIELDING, Jon. Wild, bk. I., 
ch. ix. A neat double CLOUT, which 
seemed to have been worn a few weeks 
only, was pinned under her chin. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
A handkerchief. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. A 
handkerchief (cant). Any pocket handker- 
chief except a silk one. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet. CLOUT, 
or Rag, a cotton pocket handkerchief (old 
cant). 

3. plural (low). A woman's 
under-clothes, from the waist 
downwards. Also her complete 
wardrobe, on or off the person. 

4. (common). A woman's 
' bandage ' ; ' diaper ' ; or ' sani- 
tary.' 

Verb (low). I. To strike. 
Fr. , jeter une mandole. For syno- 
nyms, see TAN. 

1576-1625. BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER 
[quoted in Annandale's ed. of Ogilvie's 
Imperial Diet.]. Pay him over the pate, 
CLOUT him for all his courtesies. 

2. (old). To patch ; to tinker. 

17(?). Scots Ballad. I'll CLOUT my 
Johnnie's grey breeks For a' the ill he's 
done me yet. 

1785. BURNS, The Jolly Beggars. In 
vain they searched when off I marched To 
go and CLOUT the caudron. 

CLOUTER, subs. (old). A pick- 
pocket especially one who 
steals handkerchiefs. [From 
CLOUT, sense 2 (q.v.\ a pocket- 
handkerchief, + ER.] Cf., CLOUT- 
ING, sense 2. For synonyms, 
see STOOK-HAULER. 

1839. W. H. AINSWORTH, /. Shep- 
pard, p. 158, ed. 1840. Near to these 
hopeful youths sat a fence, or receiver, bar- 
gaining with a CLOUTER, or pickpocket. 

CLOUTING, verbal subs, (common). 
i. A beating, basting, or TAN- 
NING (q.v. for synonyms). See 
also BASTE. 

9 



Cloven. 



130 



Club. 



2. (thieves'). Stealing hand- 
kerchiefs. Cf.y CLOUTER. 

CLOVEN, CLEAVED, CLEFT, adj. 
(old). Terms applied to a sham 
virgin. (CLEFT, subs. the female 
pudendum. ) 

IN CLOVER, adv. phr. (collo- 
quial). Well-off ; comfortable ; 
e.g., like a horse at grass in a 
clover field. 

CLOW, subs. (Winchester College). 
Pronounced eld. A box on the 
ear. [Possibly from CLOUT (q.v.). 
on the model of * bow ' from 
'bout,' and 'low' from 'lout.' 
Halliwell gives ' clow ' as a 
Cumberland word, meaning ' to 
scratch.'] C/., BASTE, and for 
general synonyms, see BANG, DIG, 
and WIPE. 

1870. MANSFIELD, School-Life at 
Winchester College, p. 140. The juniors 
did not get much fun out of the regular 
games, as their part consisted solely in 
kicking in the ball, and receiving divers 
kicks and CLOWS in return for their vigi- 
lance. Ibid, p. 39. Nor, when ordered to 
1 hold down,' (i.e., put your head in a con- 
venient position) for a CLOW, would the 
victim dare to ward off the blow. 

Verb. To box one on the ear. 
It was customary to preface the 
action by an injunction to ' hold 
down.' See quot., 1870, under 
subs. t sense. 



1622. HEAD AND KIRKMAN, Canting 
Song, in English Rogue. I met a Dell, I 
viewed her well, She was benship to my 
watch ; So she and I did stall and CLOY, 
Whatever we could catch. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. v., p. 48 (1874). CLOY : to steal. 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet. CLOY : 
to steal. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. To CLOY the clout, to steal the 
handkerchief. To CLOY the lour, to steal 
money. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

CLOVER, subs. (old). A thief who 
intruded on the profits of young 
sharpers, by claiming a share. 

1611. MIDDLETON, R oaring Girl, O. 
PL, vi., 113. Then there's a CLOVER, or 
snap, that dogs any new brother in that 
trade, and snaps, will have half in any 
booty. 

1659. The Catterpillars of this 
Nation Anatomised. [CLOYER=a pick- 
pocket.] 

CLOVES, subs. (old). Thieves; 
robbers, etc. [In Grose, 1785, 
and Lexicon Balatronicum, 181 1.] 
-See CLOY and CLOVER. 



CLOYING, verbal subs, (old) Steal- 
ing. 

1739. Poor Robin. Money is now a 
hard commodity to get, insomuch that 
some will venture their necks for it, by 
padding, CLOYING, milling, filching, nab- 
bing, etc., all of which in plain English is 
only stealing. 



CLOWES, subs, (old). Rogues. 
Grose [1785]. 

CLOY, CLIGH, or CLY, verb (old). 
To steal. For synonyms, see 
PRIG. An old Gloucestershire 
vulgarism for the hands is CLEES. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 8 (H. Club's Repr., 1874). They are 
sure to be CLYD in the night by the 
angler, or hooker, or such like pilferers 
that Hue upon the spoyle of other poore 
people. 



CLUB, verb (military). In man- 
oeuvring troops, so to blunder 
the word of command that the 
soldiers get into a position from 
which they cannot extricate them- 
selves by ordinary tactics. 

18<?). THACKERAY, Novels by 
Eminent Hands. ' Phil Fogarty.' 
' CLUBBED, be jabers ! ' roared Lanty 
Clancy. ' I wish we could show 'em the 
Fighting Onety-Oneth, Captain, darlin' ! ' 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. xi. If you're in difficulties, 



Chi ui p. 



Cly- Faker. 



ask Sergeant File what is best to be done, 
only don't CLUB "em, my boy, as you did 
at Limerick. 

Sul>s. (venery). The penis. 

CLUMP, subs, (common). A blow, 
generally a heavy one, with the 
hand. See quots. under verbal 
sense. For synonyms, see BANG, 
DIG, and WIPE. 

Verb (common). To strike ; 
to give a heavy blow. Fr. , faire 
du bifteck. For synonyms, see 
TAN. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 52. ' We can't 
give "em in charge now.' . . . ' Because 
why? I'll tell you ... we shouldn't 
know when to spot 'em. No I want to 
CLUMP them. It will spoil sport to call 
in the bobbies.' 

1874. W. E. HENLEY, MS. Ballad. 
Which they calls me the Professor, But 
I'm only Hogan's Novice, Bloody artful 
with the mufflers, And a mark on fancy 
CLUMPING. 

1888. Daily News, 2 Jan., p. 7, col. i. 
The prisoner CLUMPED (struck) both of 
them, and then ran away. 

CLU M PER, subs, (common). I. A 
thick, heavy boot for walking. 
[Clumps in shoemakers' tech- 
nology = extra fore or half soles.] 
Cf., quot. under CLUMPING. 
For synonyms, see TROTTER- 
CASES. 

2. (common). One that 
clumps; a 'basher.' 

CLUMPERTON, subs. (old). A 
countryman. For synonyms, see 
JOSKIN. 

1870. All the Year Round, Mar. 5. 
'Byegone Cant (Geo. II.).' CLUMPER- 
TONS agape at the giant proportions of 
the still somewhat new St. Paul's would 
turn from their wondering walks to shudder 
and shrink at the ghastly gallows exhi- 
bition at Newgate. 

CLUMPING, verbal subs, (common). 
Walking heavily and noisily : 
as in hoi rails or in clogs. 



1864. [From Hotten s MS. Collec- 
tion, n.d.] 'Why, woman ! dost 'oo think 
I'se had naught better to do than go 
CLUMPING up and down the sky a-searching 
for thy Tummas ? ' 

CLY, subs, (thieves'). I, A pocket; 
purse ; sack ; or basket. For 
synonyms, see BRIGH and SKY- 
ROCKET. 

1714. Memoirs of John Hall (4 ed. ). 
p. 12. CLY: a pocket. 

1742. CHARLES JOHNSON, Highway- 
men and Pirates, p. 252. Filing a CLY 
which is picking pockets of watches, money, 
books or handkerchiefs. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Diet. (5 ed.). CLY 
(s.) : the cant term for ... purse or 
pocket. 

1818. MAGINN, from VIDOCQ. The 
Pickpocket's C haunt. A regular swell cove 
lushy lay. To his CLIES my hooks I throw 
in, Tol, lol, etc. 

1834. AINSWORTH, Rookwood. No 
knuckler SQ deftly could fake a CLY. 

1858. A. MAYHEW, Paved ivith Gold, 
bk. II., ch. i., p. 69. They're just made 
for hooking a fogle [handkerchief] out of a 

CLYE. 

1878. CHARLES HINULEY, Life and 
Times of James Catnach. Frisk the CLY 
and fork the rag, Draw the fogies plummy. 

2. (thieves'). Money. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.), 
CLY (s.) : the cant name for money, a 
purse, or a pocket. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
CLY: money. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

Verb (old). I . To take ; have ; 
receive ; pocket : in fact, ' to 
COP.' 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 66. 
The ruffian CLY thee, the deuil take thee. 

1609. DEKKER, a Gypsy song, in 
Lanthome and Candlelight, etc. The 
Ruffin CLY the nab of the Harman beck. 
If we mawnd Pannam, lap or Ruff-peck. 

CLY-FAKER, subs, (thieves'). A 
pickpocket. [From CLY, a pocket, 
+ FAKE, to steal. + ER.] For 
synonyms, see STOOKHAULER. 



Cly-Faking. 



132 



Coach. 



1827. LYTTON, Pelham, ch. Ixxxii. 
They were gentlemen-sharpers, and not 
vulgar cracksmen and CLYFAKERS. 

1839. HARRISON AINSWORTH, Jack 
Sheppard [1889], p. 14. 'Oh, I see !' re- 
plied Blueskin, winking significantly. . . . 
' Now ! slip the purse into my hand. 
Bravo ! the best CI.Y-FAKER of 'em all ; 
couldn't have done it better.' 

1852. Punch, vol. XXIIL, p. 161. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet., p. 103. 
CLY-FAKER : a pickpocket. 

CLY-FAKING, subs, (thieves'). 
Pocket-picking. For synonyms, 
see PUSH. 

1851. BORROW, Lavengro, ch. xxxi., 
p. 112 (1888). 'What do you mean by 
CLY-FAKING?' 'Lor, dear! no harm; 
only taking a handkerchief now and then.' 

1861. H. KINGSLEY, Ravenshoe, ch. 
Ix. Well, sir, I won't deny that the young 
woman is Bess, and perhaps she may be on 
the cross, and I don't go to say that what 
with flimping, and with CLY-FAKING, and 
such-like, she mayn't be wanted. 

CLY-OFF, verb (old). To carry off. 
Cf.y CLY, verb, sense i. 

1656. ^ BROME, Jovial Crew. Act ii. 
Here safe in our skipper Let's CLY OFF our 
peck, And bowse in defiance O' th' Har- 
man-beck. 



CLYSTER- PIPE, sul>s.(old). An apo- 
thecary. [From CLYSTER = an 
injection for costiveness. ] Fr., 
un fldtencul, a play upon words. 
For synonyms, see GALLIPOT. 

1785. GROSE, Die. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

CLY THE GERKE or JERK, verbal 
phr. (old). See quots. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 66. 
To CLY THE GERKE, to get a whipping^ 

Cf. t tO COP A HIDING. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 38 (H. Club's Repr., 1874), s.v. 

1206. E. COLES, Eng. Die., s.v. 

1827. LYTTON, Pelham, ch. Ixxxii. 
You deserve to CLY THE JERK for your 
patter. 



COACH, subs, (formerly University 
and public schools' ; now com- 
mon). A private tutor ; and in a 
transferred sense one who trains 
another in mental or physical 
acquirements, e.g., in Sanskrit, 
Shakspeare, cricket, or rowing. 
Analogous terms are CRAMMER, 

FEEDER, and GRINDER. 

1850. F. E. SMEDLEY, Frank Fair- 
leigh, ch. xxix., p. 240. Besides the regu- 
lar college tutor, I secured the assistance 
of what, in the slang of the day, we 
irreverently termed a COACH. 

1853. C. BEDE, Verdant Green, pt. I., 
pp. 63-4. ' That man is Cram, the patent 
safety. He's the first COACH in Oxford.' 
' A COACH,' said our freshman in some 
wonder. 'Oh, I forgot you didn't know 
college slang. I suppose a royal mail is 
the only gentleman qoach you know of. 
Why, in Oxford a COACH means a private 
tutor you must know ; and those who 
can't afford a COACH, get a cab alias a 
crib alias translation. 

1864. Eton School-days, ch. ix., p. 
103. Lord Fitzwinton, one of the smallest 
and best COACHES in aquatics in the 
school. 

1871. Times. ' Report of the Debate 
in House of Lords on University Test 
Bill." The test proposed would be wholly 
ineffective . . . while it would apply 
to the college tutors, who had little 
influence over the young men, it would 
not affect the COACHES, who had the 
chief direction of their studies. 

1889. Pall Mall Gazette, 29 Nov., p. i, 
col. 3. The schoolmaster is concerned 
with the education of boys up to eighteen ; 
all beyond that falls either to the COACH 
or the professor. 

Verb (common). To prepare 
for an examination by private 
instruction ; to train : in general 
use both by coacher and coachee. 

1846. THACKERAY, Vanity Fair, ch. 
v. The superb Cuff himself . . . helped 
him on with his Latin verses, COACHED him 
in play -hours. 

1870. London Figaro, June TO. 
1 Quadrille Conversation.' It is, we fear, 
Quixotic to hope that ladies and gentlemen 
invited to the same ball would COACH 
with the same master. 



Coachee. 



i33 



Coat. 



COACH EE, subs, (colloquial). A 
coachman. Cf., CABBY. 

1819. THOS. MOORE, Tom Crib's 
Mem. Cong', p. 79. This song ... in 
which the language and sentiments of 
COACHEE are transferred so ingeniously. 

1825. English Spy^ I., pp. 134-5. 

COACHING, verbal subs. (common). 

i. Instruction ; training, etc. 

See COACH, subs. French stu- 
dents call it la barbe. 

1836. Pluck Examination Papers for 
Candidates at Oxford and Cambridge, by 
SCRIBLERUS REDIVIVUS [Oxford]. The 
system of COACHING pupils considerably 
improved by the examiners becoming 
pupils. 

2. (Rugby School). A flog- 
ging. Now obsolete. 

COACH MAN , subs, (anglers'). A fly- 
fisher's rod. [In allusion lo 
whipping the stream.] 

COACH-WHEEL, subs, (popular). 
A crown-piece, or five shillings. 
For synonyms, see CART-WHEEL. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
COACH WHEEL : a half crown piece is a 
fore COACH WHEEL, and a crown piece a 
hind COACH WHEEL, the fore wheels of a 
coach being less than the hind ones. 

COAL. See COLE. 

To TAKE IN ONE'S COALS, or 
WINTER COALS, phr. (nautical). 
To contract a venereal disease. 
For synonyms, see LADIES' 

FEVER. 

COAL-Box, subs, (musical). A 
chorus. [Obviously ' music- 
hally ' or ' circussy ' in deriva- 
tion: a cross between rhyming 
slang and a clown's WHEEZE 



1809-70. MARK LEMON, Up and Down 
London Streets. The slang word for 
chorus, COAL BOX, if we might mention 
anything so ungenteel. 



COALEY, subs, (common). A coal- 
heaver, or porter. 

1880. JAS. GREENWOOD, 'Diddler 
Domesticus,' in Odd People in Odd Places, 
p. 93. With such arguments the bargain 
is driven to a conclusion, and the grateful 
COALEY takes his departure. 

1889. Star, 3 Dec., p. 3, col. 4. The 
GOALIES demonstrated last night in right 
novel fashion at St. Pancras Arches. 

COALING or Co ALLY, adj, (theatri- 
cal). Among 'pros' a CO ALLY 
or COALING part is one that is 
grateful to the player. [Hotten 
says it means ' profitable, ' and 
derives it from COLE = money, 
but this is doubtful. See quot.] 

1872. M. E. BRADDON, Dead Sea. 
Fruit, ch. xiv. The gorger's awful 
COALLY on his own slumming, eh? . . . 
I mean to say that our friend the manager 
is rather sweet upon his own acting. 

COAL-SCUTTLE, subs, (common). 
A poke bonnet; modish once, 
but now reserved for old- 
fashioned Quakeresses and 
* Hallelujah Lasses.' [From the 
shape.] 

1838. DICKENS, Nicholas Nickleby. 
There was Miss Snevellici . . . glancing 
from the depths of her COAL-SCUTTLB 
bonnet at Nicholas. 

COAT. To GET THE SUN INTO A 
HORSE'S COAT, phr. (racing). 
Explained by quot. 

1889. Standard. ' Sir Chas. Russell's 
Speech in Durham - Chetwynd Case,' 
June 25. An owner says to his trainer, 
' I suppose, Mr. Jones, we'll have very 
good luck to-morrow ? ' (laughter). ' Well 
no, sir,' says the trainer ; ' I don t think 
the horse has any chance to-morrow. The 
fact is, he isn't fit.' A fortnight elapses, 
and on comes another meeting at New- 
market, and the owner goes down again, 
and he sees the horse. To his uninitiated 
eye the horse seems as well as when he 
saw it on the previous occasion. In the 
interval the trainer had ' slipped in a lot of 
work into him,' I think that is the term, 
and the owner, who thinks he knows 
something about horses (laughter) says t,o 
his trainer ' You'i e going to run this horse 



Coax. 



'34 



Cobbler s Thumb. 



to-morrow?" 'Oh, I think so, sir,' says 
the trainer. ' But look here,' says the 
owner, ' This is a much better class. He 
is meeting this horse upon no better terms 
than before.' ' But, sir,' says the trainer, 
' he has greatly improved. The SUN HAS 

GOT INTO HIS COAT.' 

COAX, verb (old). To dissemble 
in the shoes the soiled or ragged 
parts of a pair of stockings. 
[Grose, 1785.] 

COB, subs, (prison). I. A pun- 
ishment cell. For synonyms, 
see CLINCH. 

2. (nautical). Money. Espe- 
cially given to a Spanish coin 
formerly current in Ireland, 
worth about 45. 8d. Also the 
name still given at Gibraltar to 
a Spanish dollar. 

1805. Plymouth Newspaper of Feb. 
24, quoted in ' Autobiography of a Sea- 
man,' by Earl of Dundonald, vol. I., ch. 
x., p. 174. His Lordship sent word to 
Plymouth that, if ever it was in his power 
he would fulfil his public advertisement 
(stuck up here) for entering seamen, of 
filling their pockets with Spanish ' pewter 1 
and COBS,' nicknames given by seamen to 
ingots and dollars. 

3. (Winchester College). 
A hard hit at cricket. Of 
modern introduction. Cf., BAR- 
TER. 

Verb (schoolboys'). I. To 
detect, catch, etc. 

2. (popular). To humbug ; 
deceive ; TO GAMMON (g.v.). 

3. To hit hard. See subs. t 
sense 3. 

COBB, verb (general). To spank ; 
to smack the posteriors with 
(say) a tailor's sleeve-board. 

1830. MARRYAT, King's Own. Gen- 
tlemen, gentlemen, if you must COBB Mrs. 
Skrimmage, for God's sake let it be over 
tell. 



COBBER, subs, (common). A pro- 
digious falsehood; i.e., 'a 
THUMPER'; WHOPPER (q.v.). 

COBBLE-COLTER, subs. (old). A 
turkey. Fr., une ornie de balle 
and ^^nJe' suite. Cf., ALDERMAN 

IN CHAINS. 
1785. GROSE, Ztatf. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

1837. DISRAELI, Venetia, p. 69. 
' Gome, old mort,' said the leader, in a 
very different tone to the one in which he 
addressed his young guest, ' tout the 
COBBLE-COLTER \ are we to have darkmans 
upon us ? 

COBBLED,///, adj. (schoolboys'). 
Caught ; detected ; spotted. 
[From COB, verb, sense I.] 

COBBLERS' KNOCK. To GIVE THE 
COBBLER'S KNOCK or TO KNOCK 
AT THE COBBLER'S DOOR, verbal 
phr. (provincial). A sort of 
fancy sliding in which the artist 
raps the ice in triplets with one 
foot while progressing swiftly on 
the other. 

1836. DICKENS, Ptckwick,,\o\. ii.,ch. 2. 
SamWeller , in particular was displaying that 
beautiful feat of fancy sliding which is cur- 
rently Called KNOCKING AT THE COBBLER'S 

DOOR, and which is achieved by skimming 
over the ice on one foot and occasionally 
giving a postman's knock upon it with the 
other. 

COBBLERS' MARBLES, subs. phr. 
(vulgar). A corrupt pronuncia- 
tion of cholera morbus, once a 
name for Asiatic cholera. 

COBBLER'S THUMB, subs. (Irish 
localism). A small fish ; the 
bull-head, called in English the 
MILLER'S THUMB. 

1839. LEVER, Harry Lorrequer, cb. 
xxvii. His hands and feet, forming some 
compensation by their ample proportions, 
give to his entire air and appearance 
somewhat the look of a small fish, with 
short, thick fins, vulgarly called a COBBLER'S 

THUMB. 



Cochineal Dye. 



135 



Cock. 



COCHINEAL DYE, subs, (pugilistic). 
Blood. [From the colour.] 
For synonyms, see CLARET. 

1853. REV. E. BRADLEY ('Cuthbert 
Bede'), VerdantGreen, pt. 11., p. 31. He 
would kindly inquire of one gentleman, 
' Whatd'yeask fora pint of your COCHINEAL 

DYE?' 

1883. Referee. It certainly seemed 
that their stock-in-trade was largely com- 
posed of COCHINEAL DYE ; there was in 
truth no lack of the gory accessory of the 
fight 

COCK, subs, (common). i. The 
penis. Cf., Ger., Hahn, Han- 
chen. [Possibly related to ' cock ' 
= turn-valve. J For synonyms, 
see CREAM-STICK. 
1600. SHAKSPEARE, King Henry V., 

ii. -L.Cf. 

1647. BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER. 

The Custom of the County, v., 4. The 

mainspring's weakened that holds up his 

COCK. 

1730 BAILEY Diet., s.v. 

1737. RABELAIS. Trans. I., 185., s.v. 

1807. RABELAIS. Trans. [LONGMAN'S 
ed.]. s.v., I., 169. 

1849. RABELAIS. Trans. [BOHN'S 
ed.], s.v., I., 135. 

2. (colloquial). A chief or 
leader ; particularly in such 
phrases as COCK OF THE WALK, 
SCHOOL, etc. [A simile drawn 
from the barndoor.] Cf., stnse 
3, and adj. 

1711. Spectator, No. 131. Service to 
the knight. Sir Andrew is grown the 
COCK OF THE CLUB since he left us, and if 
he does not return quickly will make every 
mother's son of us commonwealth's men. 

1729. SWIFT, Grand Question De- 
bated. But at cuffs I was always the 

COCK OF THE SCHOOL. 

1764. O'HARA, Midas, I., i. COCK 
OF THE SCHOOL. He bears despotic rule. 

1811-63. W. M. THACKERAY, Mis- 
cellanies, II., 275. There is no more 
dangerous or stupifying position for a man 
in life than to be a COCK OF SMALL 
SOCIETY. 

1862. MRS. H. WOOD, Channin^s, 
ch. xxix. ' Were I going in for the senior- 
ship, and one below me were suddenly 
hoisted above my head, and made a COCK 
OF THE WALK, I'd know the leason why. 



3. (common). A familiar 
address ; e.g. , OLD COCK, or 
JOLLY OLD COCK. [Probably de- 
rived from sense I.] Amongst 
similiar expressions may be men- 
tioned OLD MAN, MY PIPPIN, and 
in French, won vieux zig, or lapin. 
1639. MASSINGER, Unnatural Com- 
bat, II., i. He has drawn blood of him 
yet : well done, OLD COCK. 

1749. FIELDING, Tom Jones, bk. 
XVIII., ch. x. Then give me thy fist, a't 
as hearty an honest COCK as any in the 
kingdom. 

1825. The English Spy, vol. I., p. 215. 
The low-bred, vulgar, Sunday throng, Who 
dine at two, are ranged along On both 
sides of the way ; With various views these 
honest folk Descant on fashions, quiz and 
joke, Or mark the SHY COCK down.* 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers 
(about 1827), p. 367 (ed. 1857). ' Do you 
always smoke arter you goes to bed, OLD 
COCK ? ' inquired Mr. Weller of his land- 
Ford, when they had both retired for the 
night. ' Yes, I does, young Bantam,' re- 
plied the cobbler. 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 278. The 
people down here are a queer lot, but I 
have hunted up two or three JOLLY COCKS, 
and we contrive to keep the place alive 
between us. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, ch. 
xvi. Shrewd OLD COCK, Mr. Binnie. 
Has brought home a good bit of money 
from India. 

1870. London Figaro, 19 Oct. What 
on earth is the meaning of Mr. Santley's 
voice being over-crowed by a mammoth 
orchestra? I never heard before that 
fiddles crowed, or that Mr. Santley was a 
COCK. He is what is known as a JOLLY. 
COCK, but there his similarity to the noisy 
fowl ends. 

4. (racing). A horse not in- 
tended to win the race for which 
it is put down, but kept in the 
lists to deceive the public. 

1887. Field, May 29. In the phrase- 
ology of slangy turfites, the horse was a 
COCK ; i.e., it had been liberally backed, 
but was never intended to run. 

* The Sunday men, as they are face- 
tiously called in the fashionable world, are 
not now so numerous as formerly ; the 
facility of a trip across the channel enables 
irnny a SHY COCK to evade the eye . . . 
of the law. 



Cock. 



136 



Cock. 



5. (common). Primarily the 
fictitious narratives in verse or 
prose of murders, fires, etc. (see 
quot., 1851), produced for sale 
in the streets. Famous manu- 
factories of COCKS were kept by 
* Jemmy ' Catnach and Johnny 
Pitts, called the Colburn and 
Bentley of the * paper ' trade. 
They fought bitterly, and Cat- 
nach informed the world that 
Pitts had once been a ' bumboat 
woman,' while Pitts declared 

That all the boys and girls around, 
Who go out prigging rags and phials, 
Know Jemmy Catnach ! ! ! well, Who lives 
in a back slum in the Dials, 

Catnach got at last to be ' Cock 
of the Walk,' and remained so 
till his retirement in 1839. 
[Hotten thought the word might 
be a corruption of cook, a ' cooked' 
or garbled statement, or a coinage 
from * cock and bull story. '] 
Fr., une goualante. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 228. What are 
technically termed COCKS, which, in 
polite language, means accounts of fabu- 
lous duels between ladies of fashion, of 
apocryphal elopements ... or awful 
tragedies, etc. 

Hence applied to any in- 
credible story. 

1870. London Figaro, i Feb. We 
are disposed to think that COCKS must 
have penetrated to Eastern Missouri. 

6. (thieves'). An abbrevia- 
tion of ' cockney.' 

7. (printers'). In gambling 
or playing with ' quads,' a COCK 
is when one (or more) of the 
nine pieces does not fall flat but 
lodges crosswise on another. 
The player is then given another 
chance. 

8. (tailors'). GOOD COCK 
POOR COCK. A good and bad 
workman respectively. 



Adj. (colloquial). Chief; first 
and foremost. Cf., COCK, subs., 
sense 2. 

1676. ETHEREGE, Man of Mode, II., 
ii., in wks. (1704), 211. Why the very 
cocK-fool of all those fools, Sir Fopling 
Flutter. 

1856. T. HUGHES, Tom Brown's 
School-days, pt. II., ch. vi. They'll make 
the old Madman COCK medicine-man and 
tattoo him all over. 

Verb (venery). I. To copu- 
late. Usually employed by wo- 
men and in the passive sense : 
e.g., 'to want cocking,' or 'to 
get cocked.' For synonyms, see 
RIDE. 

2. (common). To smoke. 

COCK THE EYE, verbal phr. 
(colloquial). To shut or wink 
one eye ; to leer ; to look in- 
credulous. Fr., cligner des 
ceillets. Cf., COCK-EYED. [In 
venery a woman with A COCK IN 
HER EYE = a woman in a con- 
dition of sexual excitement, a 
woman that 'means business.' 
C/., PINTLE-KEEK (q.v.) and 
LOOK PRICKS.] Of the kindred 
phrase, to COCK THE CHIN, an 
illustration appears in Elegant 
Extracts. 

As Dick and Tom in fierce dispute 
engage, And face to face the noisy contest 
wage; 'Don't COCK YOUR CHIN at me, 1 
Dick smartly cries. ' Fear not, his head's 
not charg'd,' a friend replies. 

The French equivalent is j'a- 
borgner (literally ' to make one- 
self blind of one eye by closing 
it'). 

1751. SMOLLETT, Peregrine Pickle, 
ch. ii. He . . . made wry faces, and, to 
use the vulgar phrase, COCKED HIS EYE 
at him, to the no small entertainment of 
the spectators. 

1836. MARRYAT, Japhet, ch. iv. 
Timothy put on his hat, COCKED HIS EYE 
.at jne, anjd Left us alone. 



Cock. 



'37 



Cock-a-Hoop. 



1859. J. EASTWOOD, in Notes and 
Queries, 2 S., viii., 461. The phrase 
COCK YOUR EYE is not at all an uncommon 
one in Yorkshire meaning * direct your 
eye, give a glance.' 

To COCK SNOOKS, verbal phr. 
(common). See COFFEE-MILL- 
ING and SNOOKS. 

THAT COCK WON'T FIGHT. 
phr. (common). Originally cock- 
pit slang. Said of things pro- 
blematical or doubtful. 

1844. Puck, p. 124. 'Song of the 
First Tragedian . . . having pawned his 
properties.' Suppose I told my uncle what 
I fear he'd not believe, That I'll certainly 
repay him the money ere I leave ; That my 
benefit when it comes off is sure to prove a 
hit, I don't think, with a screw like him, 

THAT COCK WOULD FIGHT A BIT. 

BY COCK or BY COCK AND PYE. 
phr. (old). 'Cock' is here a 
corruption, or disguise of 'God.' 
We find also * cocks-passion,' 
'cocks-body,' and other allusions 
to the Saviour, or His body, as 
supposed to exist in the Host : 
the expression surviving the be- 
lief. In BY COCK AND PYE, the 

PIE, or Sacred Book of Offices is 
added. BY COCK AND PIE AND 
MOUSEFOOT, is quoted from the 
old play of Soliman and Perseda, 
Orig. of Drama, ii., p. 21 1. 

1571. EDWARDS, Damon and Pythias, 
Old PL, i., 216. W. By the masse I will 
boxe you. /. BY COCKE I will foxe you. 

1596. SHAKSPEARE, Hamlet, iv., 5. 
BY COCKE they are to blame. 

1598. SHAKSPEARE, Henry IV,, pt. 
II., Act v., Sc. i. BY COCK AND PIE, sir, 
you shall not away to-night. 

1606. WILY, Beguilede. Now BY 
COCK AND PIE, you never spoke a truer 
word in your life. 

KNOCKED A-COCK, adv. phr. 
(pugilistic). Knocked 'all of a 
heap,' or 'out of time.' Ob- 
viously adapted from the lingo of 
the cock-pit, and suggested by 
the sight of the beaten bird laid 
on his back. 



COCK-A-DOODLE BROTH, subs. phr. 
(? nonce phrase). See quot. 

1856. READE, Never Too Late to 
Mend, ch. Ixxxv. He complains that ' he 
can't peck,' yet continues the cause of his 
infirmity, living almost entirely upon 
COCK-A-DOODLE BROTH, eggs beat up in 
brandy and a little water. 

COCK-A-HOOP or COCK-ON (or IN A)- 
HOOP, adj. (colloquial). Strut- 
ting ; triumphant ; high-spirited ; 
'uppish.' [Ray suggested that it 
refers to the practice of taking 
out the spigot (an old synonym 
for the penis, by the way) and 
laying it on the top of a barrel 
with a view to drinking the latter 
dry ; a proceeding that would 
naturally induce a certain swagger 
in the actors. There seems, how- 
ever, no doubt that the true deri- 
vative is the French coq a houppe. 
Houppe, in French, is a tuft, 
touffe (and toupet, is kindred). 
Littre says, terme de blason, tuft 
of silk or tassel hanging from a 
hat : ' Elle serf de timbre au cha- 
peau des cardinaux, etc. Houppee 
is the foam on the top of a wave. 
Houppe is the tuft on a trencher 
cap : ' Qui distingue? says Tarver, 
' le bonnet des nobles de celui des 
autres ' at the universities hence 
tuft-hunter, coureur de houppes. 
Also, '// trou-ve a se fourrer parmi 
les plus huppes ' = he contrives to 
vie with those at the very top of 
fashion. The Hoopoe, (Lat. 
Uptipa), is a crested bird. Hence 
coq a houppe is a crested cock, and 
by analogy one swaggering, trium- 
phant, exulting ; so ' cock-a- 
hoop' is ' cock-a-top,' ' cock-a- 
crest,' elated beyond reason 
'cocky,' as schoolboys say 
'cock of the walk,' 'cock at the 
top.' In cock-fighting, the ' cock- 
a-top ' is he that gets the vantage 
stroke. ' Abattre Forgueil des 
plus hiippes ' ; to bring down the 



Cock-Ale. 



138 



Cockalorum. 



crest of the highest. COCK-A- 
HOOP is plainly the original ex- 
pression, and COCK-ON-THE-HOOP 
a later form adopted when the 
original meaning had vanished.] 
English equivalents are ' IN FULL 
FEATHER,' and ' A-COCK-HORSE ' 

(q-v.} t while colloquial French 
has s'en pourlecher la face and 
s' emerillonner (to become cheerful 
through repeated potations). 

1595. SHAKSPEA~RE,fiome0and/u?iet, 
Act i., Sc. 5. Am I the master here or 
you ? Go to ... You will set COCK-A- 
HOOP ! you'll be the man. 

16c3. JONSON, Tale of a Tub,N., ii. 
John Clay agen ! nay then set COCK-A- 
HOOP : I have lost no daughter, nor no 
money, justice. 

1707. WARD, Hudibras Redivivus, 
ol. II., pt. XII., p. 20. Those cruel, 
sanctify'd Pretenders, Now rais'd by 
Fortune, COCK-A-HOOP. 

1853. Diogenes, II., 195. 'Our Foreign 
News Summary.' All the COCK-A-HOOP 
BEYS in the Sultan's dominions Have 
taken to expressing their individual 
opinions. 

1885. D. C. MURRAY, Rainbow Gold, 
bk. IV., ch. vi. He's a fine lad, a fine 
lad, but COCK-A-WHOOP, and over certain 
for his years 

COCK-ALE, subs. (old). A homely 
aphrodisiac. [Grose, 1785.] 
[An allusion to the penis and the 
stirring tendency of strong beer.] 
Nares says it was ' a sort of ale 
which was very celebrated in the 
seventeenth century for its superior 
quality.' 

1675. Woman Turrid Bully [quoted 
in Nares]. Spr. How, Mr. Trupenny, 
not a drop worth drinking ? Did you ever 
taste our COCK-ALE ? 

1698. WARD, London Spy. My friend 
by this time (knowing the entertainment 
of the house) had called for a bottle of 
COCK-ALE, of which I tasted a glass, but 
could not conceive it to be anything but 
a mixture of small beer and treacle. If 
this be COCK-ALE, said I, e'en let cocks- 
combs drink it. [N.] 

1738. Poor Robin. Notwithstanding 
the large commendations you give the 



juice of barley, yet if compar'd with 
canary, it's no more than a mole-hill to a 
mountain ; whether it be COCK- ALE, China 
ale, etc. [N.] 

Also COCK-BROTH, etc. 

COCK ALLEY, subs. (old). The 
female pudendum. Other deri- 
vations of the same make are 
COCK - CHAFER, COCK HALL, 
COCK INN, COCK LANE, COCK- 
LOFT, COCK-PIT, COCKSHIRE, 
and COCK-SHY. For synonyms, 
see MONOSYLLABLE. 

COCKALORUM or COCKYLORUM, 

subs, (common). I. A half con- 
temptuous address. See quot. 

1815-23. T. C. CARTER, in Daily 
News, 7 Dec., 1889, p. 3, col. 5. In 1823 
was displayed in a shop window in Pilgrim 
Street, Ludgate Hill, a picture entitled 
' Seizure for Rent.' It represented the in- 
terior of a room ; the only article of furni- 
ture a bottomless chair, on the edge of 
which was seated a half-clad man smoking 
a pipe. The doorway was filled up by a 
very fat beadle in full uniform ; behind 
him in the shade could be seen two men, 
each with a porter's knot. To the beadle 
the tenant was saying : ' Now then, old 
COCKALORUM jig, seize away.' In my 
school days, from 1815 to 1820, we often 
heard in the playground : ' Now little 
COCKALORUM, out of that.' 

2. (schoolboys'). A rough 
and tumble game described as 
follows by a correspondent of the 
Pall Mall Gazette (1890, Jan. 4, 
p. 2, col. i): 

When I went to Harrow, thirty years 
ago, I found a winter evening game in 
force there, called ' high COCKALORUM,' 
of which I send you a sketch. The 
players used to divide into two opposing 
bands of from twelve to fourteen each 
in fact, the more the merrier. One side 
' went down,' so as to constitute a long 
' hogsback ' the last boy having a couple 
of pillows between himself and the wall, 
and each boy clasping his front rank 
man, and carefully tucking his own 
' cocoa-nut ' under his right arm, so as 
to prevent fiacture of the vertebrae. 
When the hogsback was thus formed, the 
other side came on, leap-frogging on to 



Cock-and-BreecJies. '39 Cockatoo Fanner. 



the backs of those who were down, the 
best and steadiest jumpers being sent 
first. Sometimes the passive line was 
broken quite easily by the ruse of a short 
high jump, coming with irresistible im- 
pulse on a back which was not expecting 
weight just yet. Sometimes a too ambi- 
tious leap - frogger ruined his party by 
overbalancing and falling off. It was, 
however, as the last two or three leap- 
froggers came on that the real excite- 
ment more generally began. There was 
absolutely no back-space belonging to 
the other party left to them ; and they 
were obliged to pile themselves one upon 
another ' Pelion on Ossa ' as it was 
called. When the last man was up it 
was his duty to say, ' High COCKALORUM 
jig Jig jig high COCKALORUM jig jig jig- 
high COCKALORUM jig jig jig off, off, off,' 
and then alone was it permissible for 
tortured and perspiring human nature to 
fall in one indistinguishable heap to the 
ground. The repeater of the shibboleth 
often fell off himself as he was uttering the 
above incantation thus losing the victory 
for his side. It was a splendid game. I 
understood from family inquiries that it 
was played at Harrow in my great grand- 
father's time. 

COCK AND-BREECHES, subs, (com- 
mon). A sturdy, little man, or 
boy. 

COCK-AND-BULL-STORY,J^.(collo- 

quial). An idle or silly story. 
[Presumably from some old 
legend of a cock and a bull, 
apropos to , which it should be 
noted that the French equiva- 
lent is coq-a-Vdne t a cock-and- 
ass.'] 

1603. JOHN DAY, Law Trickes, Act 
iv., p. 66. Didst marke what a tale of a 
COCK AND A BULL he tolde my father 
whilst I made thee and the rest away. 

1759. STERNE, Tristram Shandy, 
vol. IX., ch. xxxiii. L d ! said my 
mother, what is all this about ? A COCK 
AND A BULL, said Yorick and one of the 
best of its kind I ever heard. 

1857. O. W. HOLMES, Autocrat of 
the Breakfast Table, ch. v. That sounds 
like a COCK-AND-BULL STORY, said the 
young fellow whom they call John. I 
abstained from making Hamlet's remarks 
to Horatio and continued. 



1874. MRS. H-Woon, Johnny Ludlow, 
i S., xxiv., p. 432. ' Giving ear to a COCK- 
AND-BULL STORY that can't be true ! ' 



COCK-AND-H EN-CLUB, subs, (com- 
mon). i. A free and easy 
gathering, or 'sing-song,' where 
females are admitted as well 
as males. [From COCK-AND- 
HEN, the male and female bird, 
and used figuratively for men 
and women, + CLUB.] 

1819. THOS. MOORE, Tom Crib's 
Mem. to Congi., p. 78. A Masquerade, 
or Fancy Ball, given lately at one of the 
most fashionable COCK-AND-HEN CLUBS 
in St. Giles's. 

1828. G. SMEETON, Days in London, 
p. 40. Introduced him to one of the COCK- 
AND-HEN HOUSES near Drury Lane Theatre 
well primed with wine. 

2. A club for both sexes ; 
e.g., The Lyric. 

COCK- AND- PINCH, subs. (old). 
The old-fashioned beaver of 
forty years since. [From its 
being COCKED back and front, 
and PINCHED at the sides.] For 
synonyms, see GOLGOTHA. 

COCKATOO-FARMER, subs. (Austra- 
lian). In Victoria and New 
South Wales a small farmer or 
selector. A term of contempt 
used by large holders in describ- 
ing agricultural squatters with 
small capital. [Probably an 
allusion to their numbers : a 
comparing to the rush for land, 
the swooping of cockatoos in 
myriads in new sown corn.] 

1865. H. KINGSLEY, Hillyars and 
Burtons, ch. Ix. The small farmers [in 
Australian wool districts] contemptu- 
ously called COCKATOOS are the fathers 
of fire, the inventors of scab, the seducers 
of bush-hands for haymaking and harvest- 
ing [and many other heinous crimes]. 

1886. G. SUTHERLAND, Australia, 
p. 64. The shepherd king tries to steal 
a march upon the poor COCKATOO, as he 
contemptuously calls the small farmer. 

1887. G. A. SALA, in ///. L. News, 
12 March, 282, col. 2. I venture to differ 
from my correspondent when, in telling 



Cockatrice. 



Cocked Hat. 



me that ' cocky ' is Australian argot for 
a small farmer, adds, 'by-the-by, you 
never hear the word "farmer" over there 
. . . many scores of times at the Antipodes 
I have heard agriculturists, whose holdings 
were small, spoken of, not as "cockies" 
but as "COCKATOO FARMERS." ' 

COCKATRICE, subs. (old). i. A 
common prostitute ; also a mis- 
tress or ' keep. ' [Nares says 
* probably from the fascination 
of the eye,' alluding to the 
fabulous monster hatched from 
a cock's egg by a serpent. 
Shakspeare speaks of ' the death- 
dealing ' eye of a COCKATRICE.] 
For synonyms, see BARRACK- 
HACK and TART. 

1600. BEN JONSON, Cynth Rev., IV., 
4. And withall, calls me at his pleasure 
I know not how many COCKATRICES and 
things. 

1604. MARSTON AND WEBSTER, Mal- 
content, O. P., iv., 93. No courtier but 
has his mistress, no captain but has his 

COCKATRICE. 

1630. TAYLOR, Workes [quoted by 
Nares]. And amongst souldiers this sweet 
piece of vice Is counted for a captaines 

COCKATRICE. 

1664. KILLEGREW, Pandora. Some 
wine there, That I may court my COCKA- 
TRICE. Care. Good Captaine, Bid our 
noble friend welcome. 

1740. Poor Robin. Some gallants 
will this month be so penurious that they 
will not part with a crack'd groat to a poor 
body, but on their COCKATRICE or pun- 
quetto will bestow half a dozen taffety 
gowns, who in requital bestows on him the 
French pox. 

2. (common). A baby. 

COCK-A-WAX, subs, (common). i 
A cobbler. [From COCK a man 
(q.v.}, + A + WAX, an adjunct 
of the cobbler's trade.] For 
synonyms, see SNOB. 

2. A familiar address. 

COCK-BAWD, subs."* (old). A male 
brothel keeper. [Quoted in 
Grose (i 785).] 



COCKCHAFER, subs, (thieves'). i. 
The treadmill. For synonyms, 
see WHEEL OF LIFE. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. II., p. 59. ' He en- 
piated,' as it is called, this offence by 
three months' exercise on the COCKCHAFER 
(treadmill). 

1864. Glasgow Citizen, Nov. 19. The 
Jeremy Diddler who forges his honest 
name to a fakement, incurring thereby a 
drag at the COCKCHAFER. 

2. (venery). The female 
pudendum. 

3. (venery). See COCK- 
TEASER. 

COCKED-HAT. To BE KNOCKED 
INTO A COCKED HAT, verbal phr. 
(common). To be limp enough 
to be doubled up and carried 
flat under the arm [like the 
COCKED HAT of an officer.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. To be 
doubled up ; knocked into the 
middle of next week ; spiffli- 
cated ; beaten to a jelly ; knocked 
a-cock ; wiped out ; sent all of a 
heap ; bottled up ; settled ; to 
get beans, or snuff; sent, done, 
or smashed to smithereens, etc. 
See also TAN, TANNING, and 
WIPE. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Effondrer 
quelqu'un (popular : literally ' to 
dig into one' ; effondrer unevolaille 
= to draw a fowl) ; tatouiller 
quelqu^un (popular : tatouiller is 
a slang term for a thrashing) ; 
soigner quelqu'un (popular : pro- 
perly 'to take care of,' or 'to 
attend,' * to nurse') ; se faire 
echarpiller (popular); deboulonner 
la colonne a quelqu'un (popular) ; 
decarcasser quelqu'un (popular) ; 
manger le nez a quelqu'un (popu- 
lar : literally * to eat one's nose'). 

1870. Daily Telegraph, 20 Aug., 
1 Speech of Mr. Ralph Harrison at the 
Crystal Palace.' The publication of the 



Cocker 



Cocking. 



Morning Star on March 17, 1856, it was 
prophesied, would knock the Daily Tele- 
graph into A COCKED HAT. 

1877. C. RF.ADE, The Jilt, I., in 
Belgravia, March, p. 59. I never knew a 
Welsh girl yet who couldn't dance an 
Englishman into A COCKED HAT. 

1881. HAWLEY SMART, Gt. Tontine, 
ch. xxx. I think now we may consider 
Bob Pegram's marriage as knocked pretty 
well into A COCKED HAT. 

1889. Pall Mall Gaz., 18 Sept. p. 2, 
col. 3. You give in the Pall Mall of to- 
night three translations of Plato's well- 
known epigram. Permit me to give you 
another which in my opinion KNOCKS all 

THE REST INTO A COCKED HAT. 

Also in the moral sense to be 
amazed to stupefaction and 
speechlessness. 

COCKER, ACCORDING TO COCKER, 
adv. phr. (colloquial). Accord- 
ing to rule ; properly, arithme- 
tically, or correctly done. [From 
old Cocker, a famous writing 
master in Charles II. time, 
author of a treatise on arith- 
metic. Professor de Morgan 
notes ' that it became a pro- 
verbial representative of arith- 
metic from Murphy's farce of 
The Apprentice (1756), in which 
the strong point of the old mer- 
chant Wingate is his extreme 
reverence for COCKER and his 
arithmetic.'] In America a 
similar locution is according to 
GUNTER (q.v.\ Gunter was a 
famous arithmetician a century 
before Cocker, and the American 
is no doubt the older phrase. 
The old laws of Rhode Island 
say, * All casks shall be gauged 
by the rule commonly known 
as "gauging by Gunter.'" Among 
sailors, the standard of appeal 

is ACCORDING TO JOHN NORIE 

the compiler of a popular 
Navigators Manual. 

1851. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and L on. 
Poor. ' Answers to Correspondents.' 



Surely, to increase the quantity of labour, 
while the amount expended in the direct 
purchase of that labour remains the same, 
is ACCORDING TO COCKER to decrease the 
wages in precisely the same proportion. 

1861. T. HUGHES, Tom Brown at 
Oxford, ch. xxxii., p. 337. Well, so you 
ought to be, ACCORDING TO COCKER, 
spending all your time in sick rooms. 

1883. G. A. S[ALA], in ///. L. News, 
Nov. ^ 24, p. 499, col. 2. The average 
American may not know what we mean 
by ACCORDING TO COCKER ; while the 
average Englishman may be unaware of 
the meaning of 'according to Gunter.' 
They both mean the same thing ; implying 
irreproachable accuracy in computation. 

1888. GRANT ALLEN, This Mortal 
Coil, ch. ii. ACCORDING TO COCKER 
nought and nought make nothing. 

COCK-EYED, adj. (common). 
Squinting. [C/. , COCK THE EYE. ] 
For synonyms, see SQUINNY-EYE. 

1884. Daily News, Nov. 27, p. 2, col. 
2. I am told the proper description of him 
would be a little man with a COCK-EYE. 



COCK-FIGHTING. THAT BEATS COCK 
FIGHTING, phr. (common). A 
general expression of approval 

. up to the mark; A i. [From 
the esteem in which the sport 
was held.] 

1659. GAUDEN, Tears of the Church, 
p. 228. Ministers' scufflings and contests 
with one another is BEYOND ANY COCK 
FIGHTING or Bear-baiting to the vulgar 
envy, malice, profaneness, and petu- 
lancy. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. vi. ' Well, roast me ! ' cried he, 
viewing me with a kind of admiration ; 
' if this don't BEAT COCK FIGHTING.' 

COCK-HORSE, adv. phr. (old). 

Triumphant ; in full swing ; cock- 
a-hoop. Halliwell says, ' a some- 
what slang expression not quite 
obsolete. ' 

COCKING. .&<? COCK, verb, sense i. 



Cockish. 



Cockney* 



COCKISH, adj. (old). Wanton ; 
'on heat.' [From COCK, the 
penis, + ISH.] Latham quotes 
COCKISH in the sense of 
'pert, 'from the strutting of the 
barn-door cock. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
A COCKISH wench : a forward, coming 
girl. 

COCK IT, "verb (tailors'). To exa- 
mine ; see ; or speak of (a thing). 

COCKLES, subs, (venery). The 
labia minor a. 

COCKLES OF THE HEART, subs.phr. 
(common). A jocose vulgarism 
encountered in a variety of com- 
binations; e.g.) ' that will rejoice' 
or 'tickle' or ' warm the COCKLES 

OF YOUR HEART,' etc. [It IS 

suggested (N. and Q., 7 S., iv., 
26) that a hint as to its origin 
may be found in Lower, an 
eminent anatomist of the seven- 
teenth century, who thus speaks 
in his Tractatus de Corde 
(1669), p. 25, of the muscular 
fibres of the ventricles. 

' Fibrae quidem rectis hisce exteri 
pribus in dextro ventriculo proxime sub- 
jectae oblique dextrorsum ascendentes in 
basin cordis terminantur, et spirali suo 
ambitu helicem sive cochleam satis apte 
referunt.' 

The ventricles of the heart might, 
therefore, be called cochlea cordis, 
and this would easily be turned 

into COCKLES OF THE HEART.] 

The French say, Tu fen pour- 
lecheras la face (that'll rejoice the 
cockles of your heart). 

1671. E A c H A R p, Observations 
[Wright]. This contrivance of his did 
inwardly rejoice the COCKLES OF HIS 

HEART. 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, ch. 
xxvi. Which would have cheered the 
COCKLES of the reigning monarch. 

1834. MARRYAT, Jacob Faithful, ch. 
xii. 'There now, master, there's a glass 



of grog for you that would float a marling- 
spike. See if that don't warm the 

COCKLES OF YOUR OLD HEART.' 

1839. W. H. AINSWORTH, Jack 
Sheppard, p. 49 (ed. 1840). ' There, Mr. 
Wood,' cried David, pouring out a glass 
of the spirit, and offering it to the car- 
penter, 'that'll warm the COCKLES OF 

YOUR HEART.' 

To CRY COCKLES, verbal phr. 
(common). To be hanged. 
[From the gurgling noise made 
in strangulation. ] For synonyms, 
see LADDER. 

COCK-LOFT, subs. (old). The head. 
[A COCK-LOFT is properly a small 
loft, garret, or apartment at the 
top of a house. Cf., GARRET, 
UPPER STOREY, etc.] An old 
proverb runs, ' All his gear is in 
his COCK-LOFT'; i.e., 'all his 
wealth, work, or worth is in his 
head.' For synonyms, see 
CRUMPET. 

1642. THOMAS FULLER, Holy and 
Profane State, And. Ad. fen. i. Often 
the COCKLOFT is empty, in those whom 
nature hath built many stories high. 

COCKNEY, subs, (colloquial). One 
born within the sound of bow- 
bells. [The origin of COCKNEY 
has been much debated ; but, 
says Dr. Murray, in the course of 
an exhaustive statement (Academy, 
May 10, 1890, p. 320), the history 
of the word, so far as it means a 
person, is very clear and simple. 
We have the senses (i) 'cockered 
or pet child,' 'nestle-cock,' 'mo- 
ther's darling,' ' milksop,' the 
name being applicable primarily 
to the child, but continued to the 
squeamish and effeminate man 
into which he grows up. (2) A 
nickname applied by country 
people to the inhabitants of great 
towns, whom they considered 
'milksops,' from their daintier 
habits and incapacity for rough 



Cockney- Shire. J 43 



Cock-Shy. 



work. York, London, Perugia, 
were, according to Harman, all 
nests of cockneys. (3) By about 
1600 the name began to be 
attached especially to Londoners, 
as the representatives par excel- 
lence of the city milksop. One 
understands the disgust with 
which a cavalier in 1641 wrote 
that he was ' obliged to quit 
Oxford at the approach of Essex 
and Waller, with their prodigious 
number of cockneys.'] 

1607. DEKKER, Westward Ho, Act 
ii., Sc. 2. As Frenchmen love to be bold 
. . . and Irishmen to be costermongers, so 
COCKNEYS, especially SHE-COCKNEYS, love 
not aqua-vitae when 'tis good for them. 

1760. FOOTE, Minor, Act i. But 
you COCKNEYS now beat us suburbians at 
our own weapons. 

1840. THACKERAY, Paris Sketch 
Book, p. 28. ' You 'ad such an 'eadach', 
sir,' said British, sternly, who piques him- 
self on his grammar and pronunciation, 
and scorns a COCKNEY. 

1889. Pall Mall Gaz., 6 Nov., p. 3, 
col. 2. London mist, when turned into 
London black fog by the poisonous 
carbonic anhydride and sulphurous anhy 
dride with which it is loaded, encompasses 
all COCKNEYS, good or bad with a real 
danger to health and life 

COCKNEY-SHIRE, subs. (common). 
London. [From COCKNEY, 
a native of London, + SHIRE.] 

COCK PIMP, subs. (old). The hus- 
band, real or supposed, of a 
bawd or procuress. [From COCK, 
male, + PIMP, a procurer.] Grose 



COCKQUEAN, subs, (obsolete). A 
man who interests himself in 
women's affairs. The common 
form is ' cotquean. ' Cf. , MOLLY. 

COCKROACHES. To GET or EAT 

COCKROACHES, verbal phr. (old). 
To practise masturbation. For 
synonyms, see FRIG. 



COCK-ROBIN, subs. (old). A soft, 
easy fellow. Grose [1785]. 

COCK-ROBIN SHOP, subs. phr. (prin- 
ters'). A small printing office, 
for cheap work done at vile wages. 
In other trades a SLOP SHOP. 

1888. R. R., in Notes and Queries, 
7 S., v., 333. Let me advise collectors of 
such things [cheap books] to avoid the 
regular booksellers, and try the COCK-ROBIN 
SHOPS, and the general dealers in small 
wares, down back streets. 

COCKS, subs, (popular). I. See 
COCK, subs., sense 2. 

2. (trade). Explained by 
quotation. The word appears 
to be slang for anything ficti- 
tious. Cf., COCKS, subs. , sense 2. 

1880. Daily Nevus, Nov. 4. [Quoted 
in N. andQ., 6 S., ii., p. 387.] 

3. (Charterhouse). A lava- 
tory where changing for games, 
washing before meals, etc., goes 
on. [From the taps over the 
basins.] It is equivalent to the 
Winchester MOAB .v.. 



COCK'S EGG. To GIVE ONE A 
COCK'S EGG, phr. (common). 
To send one on a fool's errand ; 
to GAMMON (g.v. for synonyms). 
The expression is of the same 
type as ' to send one to buy 
pigeon's milk,' ' oil of strappum,' 
' strap oil,' etc 

COCK-SHY, subs, (popular). A 
mark, butt, or target ; any per- 
son or thing that is the centre 
of jaculation. 

c. 1834. MARRYAT, Rattlin the Reefer, 
p. 02. What a fine COCKSHY he would 
make, said Master Blubberlips. 

ISC') LORD STRANGFORD, Letters 
and Papers, p. 215. This was as if the 
great geologists . . . had invited two 
rival theorists to settle the question of a 



Cock- Stand. 



144 



Cock- Teaser. 



geological formation by picking up the 
stones and appealing to the test of a 

COCKSHY. 

1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. iii. 
He had seen Tom Ricketts, of the fourth 
form, who used to wear a jacket and 
trousers so ludicrously tight, that the 
elder boys could not forbear using him in 
the quality of a butt or COCKSHY. 

1876. HINDLEY, Life and Adventures 
of a Cheap Jack, p. 262. A desperate 
fight ensued, the 'nobblers' arming 
themselves with COCK-SHY sticks. 

COCK-STAND, subs, (venery). An 
erection of the fenis. For syn- 
onyms, see HORN and C/., 
STAND. 

COCK-SUCKER, subs, (venery). A 
feliatrix. 

COCKSURE, 0^'. (colloquial). Con- 
fidently certain; pertly sure. 
[Probably a corruption of 
* cocky sure.' We call a self- 
confident, overbearing prig a 
cocky fellow, from the barnyard 
despot. Shakspeare (/ Henry 
IV., ii., i) employs the phrase 
in the sense of * sure as the cock 
of a firelock.' 

We steal as in a castle, COCKSURE : 

and still earlier usages imply its 
derivation from the fact that the 
cock was much surer than the 
older fashioned match.] 

1549. LATIMER, Sermon on the 
P toughers, p. 32 (Arber's ed.) For the 
Deuyll was dysapoynted of his purpose 
for he thoughte all to be hys owne. And 
when he had once broughte Christe to the 
crosse, he thought all COCK-SURE. 

1603. JOHN DAY, Law Trickes, Act 
iii., p. 39. Then did I learn to .... 
Make false conueyances, yet with a trick, 
Close and COCK-SURE, I cony-catch'd the 
world. 

1667. DRYDEN, Sir Martin Marr-all, 
Act. iv. Nothing vexes me, but that I 
had made my game COCK-SURE, and then 
to be backgammoned. 



b. 1738, d. 1819. WOLCOT ('Paul 
Pindar'), Odes to the Pope, II., in wks. 
(Dublin, 1795) V. ii., p. 492. Yet deem 
themselves, poor dupes, COCKSURE of 
Heav'n. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, Thelngoldsby 
Legends (ed. 1862), 320. Last of all, gentle 
Reader, don't be too secure ! Let seeming 
success never make you COCK-SURE. 

1849. T. CARLYLE, IV., 108. [Yes, 
Manning was shot there ; he had told us 
Hyde was COCKSURE.] 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. iii. ' Hawke will not get his 
daughter to have him, he may be COCK- 
SURE of that.' 

1889. The Star, Aug. 24, p. 3, col. 4. 
In his most insolent and COCKSURE manner 
he declared, etc. 



COCKTAIL, subs, (common). i. A 
prostitute ; a wanton. 

2. (common). A coward. 

3. (American). A drink com- 
posed of spirits (gin, brandy, 
whisky, etc.), bitters, crushed 
ice, sugar, etc., the whole whisked 
briskly until foaming, and then 
drunk 'hot.' 

COCKTAIL or COCKTAIL ED, adj. 
(military). Unsoldierlike ; un- 
even ; showing bad form ; and in 
its specifically military sense, any- 
thing unworthy of the regular 
army. For example, at one 
time the Volunteer auxiliaries 
were described as ' such a COCK- 
TAILED CREW.' 

1877. Five Years Penal Servitude, 
ch. ii., p. 67. He confessed he not only 
urged his brother into it, but compelled 
him to be as bad as himself, and had 
thrashed him many times for turning 

COCKTAIL. 



COCK-TEASER, or COCKCHAFER, 

subs, (venery). A girl in the 
habit of permitting all familiarities 
but the last. 



Cock-up. 



145 



Cocum. 



COCK-UP, subs, (printers'). What 
is technically known as a ' supe- 
rior '; e.g., the smaller letters 
in the following examples : 

Y e Limt d Compy ; J no - Smith, 
Sen r - ; N- ; London ' 

COCKED -UP, adj. See COCKY. 

COCK UP ONE'S TOES, verbal phr. 
(thieves'). To die. For syno- 
nyms, see ALOFT and HOP THE 
TWIG. 

1820. REYNOLDS. ('Peter Cor- 
coran '), The Fancy. ' King Tims the 
First.' Now I see a neighbour COCK HIS 
TOE Walk by his side in black in well 
paid woe. 

1864. E. D. FORGUES, in Revue des 
deux Mondes, Sep. 15, p. 472, note. COCK 
ONE'S TOES. Cette . . . locution, si bi- 
zarre au premier coup d'oeil, doit s'expli- 
quer par un des phenomenes de la retrac- 
tion cadaverique ; les pieds du mort, 
ramenes en arriere, ont pu rappeler la 
position que prend le chien de la batterie 
quand le fusil est arme. 

COCKY or COCKING, adj. (popular). 
I. Pert or saucy ; forward ; 
coolly audacious ; over confident, 
'botty.' [Formerly COCKING. An 
allusion to the strut of the barn- 
door bird.] Fr., se gourer, 
to be cocky ; also se gonfler, 
faire sa merde, and faire .son 
matador. 

1711. Spectator, No. 153. But the 
COCKING young fellow who treads upon 
the toes of his elders, and the old fool 
who envies the saucy pride he sees in him, 
are the objects of our present contempt 
and derision. 

1820. CLARE, Poems of Rural Life, 
Familiar Epistle, st. 5. I've long been 
aggravated shocking, To see our gentry 
folks go COCKING 

1856. T. HUGHES, Tom Brown's 
School-days, pt. II., ch. vi. 'It seems so 
COCKY in me to be advising you.' 

1864. Glasgow Citizen, Nov. 19. 
Cotgrave (1672) gives us ' Herr, master or 
sir; a rogue.' Aleman ['The Spanish 
Rogue '] Vousfaite du Herr. ' You are 
very COCKIT, or lusty ; you take too much 



upon you.' Is it not gratifying to know 
that COCKINESS is older than this century, 
in which it has been developed to so alarm- 
ing an extent? 

. 1872. The Scotsman, 29 Oct. ' Sir J. 
Pakington at Stourbridge.' He should 
be inclined to offer him a little homely 
advice, and to tell him in somewhat plain 
language ' Not to be too COCKY.' 

1884. Cornhill Mag., April, p. 442. 
' Davis,' said Toddy, ' you haven't had a 
banging this term, and you're getting 
COCKY.' 

2. (Stock Exchange). Brisk ; 
active applied to the money 
market. 

1871. Figaro, 3 June. 'Notes on 
Change.' Everything again brisk, and 
the market, what is expressly termed 

COCKY. 



COCOA-NUT, subs, (general). The 
head. Fr. le coco. For synonyms, 
see CRUMPET. 

1834. W. H. AINSWORTH, Rookivood, 
p. 176 (ed. 1864). ' A thousand pities 
that so fine a fellow should have a sconce 
like a COCOA-NUT ! ' 

1840. HALI BURTON, Clockmaker, 3 
S., ch. iii. 'The Major a-pokin' along 
with his COCOA-NUT down, a-studyin' over 
somethin' or another quite deep.' 

c. 1880. Broadside Ballad, 'Waltz- 
ing Round the Water-butt.' Gaily the 
troubadour will waltz round the water- 
butt, Blissful the happy thoughts that 
float round my COCOA-NUT, Moonlight 
and spooning 'neath the old hazel tree ! 

THAT ACCOUNTS FOR THE 

MILK IN THE COCOA-NUT, phr. 

(common). A rejoinder upon 
having a thing explained for the 
first time. 



TO HAVE NO MILK IN THE 

COCOA-NUT, phr. To be insane ; 
silly ; ' cracked. ' See APART- 
MENTS. 

COCUM, KOCUM, subs, (common). 
I. Shrewdness; ability; luck; 
cleverness. [From the Hebrew 

10 



Cocum. 



146 



Cocum. 



chochum, chochem, or coehem, 
crafty ; learned, wise, or a wise 
man. The term is found passim 
in early Hebrew literature, espe- 
cially in the BOOK OF PROVERBS : 
' A COCHEM will hear and increase 
learning ' (Prov. i. 5). The slang 
sense has been introduced by the 
Whitechapel Jews. In Yiddish 
cochemercx cochem, the pronuncia- 
tion of which is not dissimilar to 
COCUM, means wisdom ; cochum- 
wirth = a thieves' landlord. (Cf. t 
paragraph on German analogues. ) 
Cocma is another Hebraism used 
by London Jews in a similar sense, 
but it has not made its way into 
slang. 

ENGLISH ANALOGUES. Real 
jam (this in the sense of anything 
exceptionally good or lucky) ; all 
beer and skittles (extremely plea- 
sant) ; rattling (extremely jolly, 
pleasant, or well appointed) ; to be 
in clover (happiness and luck) ; to 
stand on velvet (a variant of the 
last mentioned) ; to be cracking 
a tidy crust (to be doing very 
well) ; to be having a good swim 
(thieves' for a good run of luck, 
i.e., being a long time out of the 
policeman's clutches) ; well bal- 
lasted ; on the spot ; up to Dick ; 
on it ; right ; and so forth. 

FRENCH ANALOGUES. Etre de 
la bonne (popular : to be lucky) ; 
decrocher la limballe (popular) ; 
fare de la fete (popular and 
thieves') ; avoir des as dans son j en 
(popular : to have an advantage, 
* to be in luck's way ') ; avoir Fas- 
siette ati beurre (popular : to be 
fortunate in life) ; bidard (m. 
lucky) ; fare de la bale (popular). 

GERMAN ANALOGUES. Chochom, 
Choc hem, Chochemer (which He- 
braism is the root of the English 
COCUM. Among German thieves 



who more frequently spell the 
word Kochem, Kochemer, the 
meaning is almost identical with 
that given it by their English 
brethren, except that the wisdom, 
profit, or luck, applies almost 
solely to the results of crooked 
ways and dealings. Chochom and 
its variants signify, therefore, the 
cunning, prudent, and successful 
vagabond ; Chochem lehorre = 
a dangerous vagabond, one who 
is prepared for the worst; Cho~ 
chem mechutten z. bad patron, a 
dangerous companion, a rogue of 
the worst type; Chochme = wis- 
dom, cunning, circumspection, or 
the practice of swindling). 

ITALIAN ANALOGUES. Cavaz- 
zonare (literally ' to place well or 
be well placed') ; aver primavera 
(this applies to COCUM as repre- 
sented by pleasure ; literally ' to 
have spring '). 

SPANISH ANALOGUES. Cucara* 
chera (/; a vulgarism for luck or 
good fortune) ; harlarse buena 
cttcarachera (to be lucky or 
fortunate) ; potroso (a collo- 
quialism signifying lucky ; 
literally 'afflicted with a rup- 
ture ') ; charangiiero (m ; a lucky 
fellow, one with COCUM) ; hijo de 
la gallina blanca (a lucky bird). 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon, Poor, vol. I., p. 279.^ ' It's 
decent and comfortable too, and it's abou 
6d. a night to me for singing and patter in 
the tap-room. That's my COKUM (advan- 
tage).' 

1861. EARL, Ups and Downs of 
Australian Life, p. 224. ' No one was to 
get drunk, the governor said as how it 
wasn't COKUM, and he wouldn't have it, 
and so we were all fit for work the next 
day. 1 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet., s.v. 
* Jack's got COCUM, he's safe to get on, he 
is,' viz., he starts under favourable circum- 
stances. 



Cod. 



147 



Coddam. 



c. 1886. Broadside Ballad, ' The 
Flippity Flop Young Man.' I once was a 
Member-for-Slocum young man, And for 
Parliament had a strong fancy, A know- 
pretty-well-what-is-KOCUM young man 
When addressing a constituency. 

2. (publishers'). A sliding 
scale of profit. [Publishers 
sometimes issue books with- 
out fixing the published price. 
These they sell to the retail trade 
at a fixed sum, leaving the book- 
seller to make what he can. 

TO FIGHT or PLAY COCUM, 
verbal phr. (common). To play 
double ; to be waiy, cunning, or 
'artful.' 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant 
(3 ed.), p. 445) s.v. To be cunning, wary, 
or sly. 

1885. Referee, April 26, p. i, col. 2. 
The best show in the- Crawfurd Plate- 
that is, unless a lot of the pulling-up 
division were PLAYING COKUM was that of 
Ptolemy. 

COD, subs, (common). I. A fool. 
[Cf., COD'S HEAD, of which it is 
possibly an abbreviation.] For 
synonyms, see BuFFLE and CAB- 
BAGE-HEAD. 

2. (tailors'). A drunkard. 
[See verb) sense 2.] 

3. (thieves'). -A purse; a 
COD of money = a large sum of 
money. [A.S. cod or codd, a 
small bag.] For synonyms, see 
POGE. 

4. (street). A 'pal' or 
friend ; generally prefixed to a 
surname. [Here COD is the 
diminutive of ' codlin,' an old 
endearment.] Cf., CODD. 

Verb (common). I. To play 
the fool; to MONKEY (q.v.). 

2. (tailors'). To go on the 
drink; generally, to act loosely. 



3. (common). To chaff; 
hoax ; ' take a rise out of.' 

1865. Evening Citizen, 28 Nov. COD- 
DING a Town Council. The Fife Circular, 
Kirkcaldy, says : According to usual 

Sactice, several members of the new Town 
juncil attended divine service at the 
Parish Church on Sunday forenoon last. 
The Rev. M. J. Bryden officiated, and 
preached an eloquent and appropriate 
sermon to the Council from these words in 
the loth chapter of St. Matthew : ' Ye 
are of more value than many sparrows.' 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. xxxi. ' What do you think of 
that, cook ? ' ' Think ? ' answered the cook, 
who had a rather sour eye ; ' why, that 
that rough sailor man was a-CODDiN 1 of 
you, sir.' 

CODD or COD, subs. (Charterhouse). 
A pensioner of the Charter- 
house. See quot., and Cf., COD, 
sense 4. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, II., p. 
333. Yonder sit some three score of gentle- 
men, pensioners of the hospital, listening 
to the prayers and psalms. You hear them 
coughing feebly in the twilight the old 
reverend blackgowns. Is Coop Ajax 
alive, you wonder ? the Cistercian lads 
called these old gentlemen CODDS, I know 
not wherefore I know not wherefore but 
is old CODD Ajax alive, I wonder ? or 
CODD Soldier? or kind old CODD Gentle- 
man ? or has the grave closed over them ? 

CODDAM or Co DOOM, subs, (com- 
mon). A public-house game 
played three, four, or more a side. 
The only 'property' required is 
a coin, a button, or anything 
which can be hidden in the 
clenched hand. The principle 
of the game, which is simplicity 
itself, is that of ' Guess whose 
hand it's in.' If the guesser 
'brings it home,' his side takes 
the 'piece,' and the centre man 
'works' it. If the guess be 
wrong, a chalk is taken to the 
holders, who go on again. 

1884. J. GREENWOOD, Swen Years 
Penal Servitude. The convicts take ad- 
vantage of that to the extent sometimes 
of playing a gambling game called CODDOM ' 



Codding. 



148 



Codicils. 



1885. Good Words, August, p. 530. 
Some prefer GODDAM, and risk their pint of 
beer on the discovery of the coin. 

1890. Pall Mall Gaz., March i, p. 5, 
col. 2. The boys were playing a game 
called CODDOM, a guessing game. 

CODDING, verbalsubs. (common). 
Nonsense; humbug; chaff. [From 
COD (q.v., verb) sense 3).] 

CODGER, subs, (common). A 
familiar term of address, espe- 
cially in OLD CODGER ; a curious 
old fellow ; an odd fish ; a ' rum ' 
character ; a precise, and some- 
times a mean or miserly man. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Most 
of the general slang terms for a 
man or fellow correspond in 
usage to 'old codger,' e.g., old 
chap ; ben cull ; old man ; my 
pippin ; old cock, etc. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un be- 
quillard (popular : French thieves 
give the same name to the execu- 
tioner) ; vieux canasson (popular : 
* old man,' ' old cock') ; tin birbe; 
ma vieille branche. 



ITALIAN SYNONYM. 
(literally a pole-cat). 



Fuino 



1760. COLMAN, Polly Honeycombe, 
in wks. (1777) IV., 39. A clear coast, I 
find. The OLD CODGER'S gone, and has 
locked me up with his daughter. 

1760. SMOLLETT, Sir L. Greaves, 
vol. I., ch. iii. She twisted her hand in 
Grove's neckcloth without ceremony, cry- 
ing' Sha't then, I tell thee, OLD COGER.' 

1796. MAD. D'ARBLAY, Camilla, bk. 
IX., ch. iv. He gave himself the airs of 
an old justice of the peace, and said if he 
did not find the affair given up, nothing 
should induce him ever to help me again. 
What a mere CODGER that lad has turned 
out ! 

1837. BARHAM, /. L. (Lay of St. 
Nicholas). How a thirsty OLD CODGER, 
the neighbours call'd Roger, With them 
drank cold water in lieu of old wine. 



1859. DICKENS, Tale of Two Cities, 
bk. II., ch. xxiv. Why, I am a boy, sir, 
to half-a-dozen OLD CODGERS here.} 

1876. HINDLEY, Life and Adventures 
of a Cheap Jack, p. 61. His father, a rum 
OLD CODGER, had been a captain in the 
army. 

1883. F. R. STOCKTON, Rudder 
Grange, ch. xi. I knew that any sensible 
man would rather have me in charge of 
his tent than a young CODGER like that. 

1887. BAUMANN, Londinismen, Slang 
u. Cant, pref., vi. So from hartful young 
dodgers, From vaxy OLD CODGERS, From 
the blowens we got Soon to know vot is 
vot. 

CODICILS, subs. (American journa- 
lists'). A kind of literary sparring 
match; also called ACCUMUL\- 
TIVES (q.v.). Some editor will 
make a remark or a joke 
with a capital J ; another will 
cite it with comments ; and, in 
his turn, he will be handled by 
a third. There are cases in 
which the original paragraph has 
gone the round of twenty or thirty 
prints. [A codicil is properly 
a writing by way of supplement 
to a will.] 

1889. Polytechnic Mag., 24 Oct., p. 
253. ' How many apples did Adam and 
Eve eat ? ' Some say Eve 8 and Adam 2 
a total of 10. Now, we figure the thing 
out far different. Eve 8, and Adam 8 also 
total 16. Boston Journal. We think 
the above figures are entirely wrong. If 
Eye 8, and Adam 8-2, certainly the total 
will be 90. Scientific men, however, on 
the strength of the theory that the anti- 
diluvians were a race of giants, and con- 
sequently great eaters, reason something 
like this : Eve, 8-ist, and Adam 8-2 
total, 163. Gloucester Advertiser. Wrong 
again ; what could be clearer than if Eve 
8-i-ist, and Adam 8-1-2, would not the 
whole be 1,623 ? Boston Journal. Now 
we think these figures are not according to 
Cocker. The following is probably the 
true solution : Eve 8-1-4 Adam, Adam 
8-1-2-4 Eve total, 8,698. Veritas. Stop 
friend ; still another calculation is as fol- 
fows : If Eve 8-1-4 Adam, Adam 8-1-2-4-2 
oblige Eve- -total, 82,056. We think, how- 
ever, this is not a sufficient quantity ; for, 
if we admit that Eve 8-1-4 Adam, Adam, if 
he 8-0-8-1-2-4-2 keep Eve company total, 



Codland. 



149 



Coffee-Housing. 



1,082,056. New York Mail. You do the 
fair thing by Adam, brother, but you 
slight Eve. This poor smit 10-1-8-1-4-2 

R lease the serpent, and Adam, of course, 
: he as good husbands do of-io-8-o-8-i-a- 
4-2 keep Eve company total, 109,099,384. 
Syracuse Journal. The American 
newspaper calculators, with the savagery 
of all other historians, meanly stigmatise 
the woman. Adam, a mere dupe, lacked 
the nobility to try a dangerous experi- 
ment first. Eye eat an apple for dinner : 
Adam, forgetting the injuries to many an 
unborn 1,000,000-8-1-4 millions more 
the coward ! True total, 1,000,000,814,- 
000,000. Whoopee ! Now is the time to 
subscribe. Polytechnic Magazine. 

CODLAND, subs. (American). New- 
foundland. C/., COD-PRESERVES. 

CODLINGS. See CODS. 

COD-PRESERVES, subs, (nautical). 
The Atlantic Ocean. [An 
obvious allusion. Cf., CODLAND 
= Newfoundland ; also BRINEY.] 

CODS, suds, (venery). I. The 
testicles. [From A.S. cod or 
codd = a small bag.] Also COD- 
LINGS. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Baw- 
bels, baubels, or bobbles ; bol- 
locks ; balls ; beef (the penis 
and testes} ; bird's-eggs ; bobbies ; 
bullets ; bum -balls ; cannon- 
balls ; clock-weights ; culls (old) ; 
dowsetts (old) ; gingambobs ; 
jelly - bags (more properly in 
sing =. the scrotum} ; knackers ; 
love-apples; marbles ; nick-nacks; 
pebbles; seals (Cf., WATCH-AND- 
SEALS = themale/dfc#d!z); spunk- 
holders ; stones ; thingambobs. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Les an- 
tilles (thieves' : / //. ) ; les virolets 
(obsolete : in allusion to a man's 
virility) ; les sonnettes (common : 
literally bells) ; les freres siamois 
(popular : an allusion to the 
Siamese twins) ; les prunes (com- 
mon) ; les grains (legtr de deux 
grains = 2d\ eunuch). 



GERMAN SYNONYM. Dick- 
mann (also * an egg, ' and ' the 
penis.'' Dick = enciente ; dick 
niachen, to deflower and quicken. 
Dick means literally ' thick '). 

SPANISH SYNONYM. Co/ones. 

2. (old). See quot. 

1871. Bookseller, 4 Nov. The CODS 
and Hooks were the Whigs and Tories of 
Dutch William's land. 

COD's-HEAD, subs. (old). A stupid 
fellow ; a fool. See BUFFLE and 
CABBAGE-HEAD. 

167*. The Woman turned Bully. 
Dash. Sweet sir, I think it is neer octa 
hora. Your servant, gentlemen. Good. 
Farewell, CODS-HEAD. 

1694. DUNTON, Ladies' Dictionary. 
You confounded toad, you, where were 
your eyes, in your heels? that you should 
be such a bungling CODS-HEAD to see no 
better. 

COFE. See COVE. 

COFFEE, subs. (American thieves'). 
Beans. 

1859. G. W. MATSELL, Vocabulum, 
or Rogue's Lexicon, p. 19, s.v. 

GREASED COFFEE, subs. phr. 
(American). Pork and beans. 

COFFEE-HOUSE or COFFEE-SHOP, 

subs, (common). I. A water- 
closet. For synonyms, see MRS. 
JONES, and Cf. , BURY A QUAKER. 

2. (venery). The female 
pudendum. For synonyms, see 
MONOSYLLABLE. 



COFFEE-HOUSING, subs. See quot. 

1877 HAWLEY SMART Play or Pay 
ch. iv. ' Not going to hunt? Why Miss 
Bazing told me you had a regular string 
of horses coming down ! ' ' Ah, Bessie's 
wrong. I always was a changeable 
beggar, you know. The string consists 
of a hack, just good enough to do a little 
bit of COFFEE-HOUSING occasionally. 



Coffee Mill. 



150 



Cold Coffee. 



COFFEE-MILL, subs. (old). The 
mouth : a ' grinder ' itself, and 
furnished with 'grinders' Ameri- 
can ' cogs,' as well. For syno- 
nyms, see POTATO-TRAP. 

1821. W. T. MONCRIEFF, Tom and 
Jerry, Act ii., Sc. 2. Gas. Come, come, 
silence your COFFKE-MILL. 

COFFEE-MILLING, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). I. Grinding ; working 
hard. Cf., To COCK SNOOKS (see 
SNOOKS) or take a sight ' by 
putting the thumb of one hand to 
the nose and grinding the little 
finger with the other, as if you 
worked an imaginary coffee mill. 

1837. DICKENS, Pickwick, p. 249. 

1854. AVTOUN AND MARTIN, The 
Bon Gaultier Ballads. ' The Lay of the 
Lovelorn.' When I went the pace so wildly, 
caring little what might come, COFFEE- 
MILLING care and sorrow, with a nose- 
adapted thumb. 

COFFINS, subs. (Stock Exchange). 
The Funeral Furnishing Com- 
pany's Shares. 

ANOTHER NAIL IN ONE'S 
COFFIN. See NAIL. 

COG, subs. (American thieves'). 
A tooth. Mat sell [1859]. C/., 
COFFEE-MILL. 

COKE. Go AND EAT COKE, verb, 
phr. (vulgar). A phrase in- 
dicative of contempt. A 
corollary is ' and evacuate, or 
s 1 cinders.' 

COKER, subs, (old). A lie. Grose 
[1785]. For synonyms, see 
WHOPPER. 

COLCHESTER CLOCKS, subs. 
(streets'). A breed of large 
oysters. 

1865. Daily Telegraph, 13 Sep. For 
the big, uncompromising COLCHESTER 
CLOCK, which we see on stalls and 



shudder at, with unlimited vinegar and 
pepper, the East-ender willingly gives his 
penny. 

COLD, To HAVE A BAD COLD, 
verbal phr. (common). Said of 
one who keeps his door closed 
against all comers for fear of 
duns ; also of one who has ' shot 
the moon. ' Also of one that has 
taken clap. 

1863. Chambers' Journal, vol. XX., 
p. 5. ' It's no good your ringing, 
remarked the book-boy, when I had 
discovered that fact for myself;' 'Mr. 
Cranium ain't at home, he ain't. He's GOT 
A WERRY BAD COLD.' After a few minutes, 
however, and many genial impertinences, I 
discovered that HAVING A BAD COLD 
means, in Camden Town, being in debt, 
while A VERY BAD COLD implies that the 
sufferer has taken clandestine departure 
from his lodgings. 

TO LEAVE OUT IN THE COLD, 

verbal phr. To neglect ; shut 
out, or abandon. 

1861. New York Tribune, July, The 
' Assents ' continue to come in freely at 
the Erie Railroad office ; and the appear- 
ances are that at the closing of the books 
. . . there will be few shares or bonds 
LEFT OUT IN THE COLD. 

COLD BLOOD, subs, (licensed victu- 
allers'). A house licensed for the 
sale of beer ' not to be drunk on 
the premises.' 

COLD COFFEE, stibs. phr. (Oxford 
University). I. A sell ; a hoax ; 
a trumpery affair. 

2. (common). Misfortune ; 
ill-luck. A variant is COLD 

GRUEL ; also TO HAVE ONE'S 

COMB CUT ; in French, to expe- 
rience a run of ill-luck is expres- 
sed by etre abonne au guignon ; 
literally ' to become a subscriber 
to ill-luck ' ; in Spanish, dar al 
traste con los negocios, signifies, 
colloquially, ' to fail 'or 'to be 
unfortunate in business.' 



Cold Comfort. 



151 Cold Meat Train. 



3. (familiar). An unpleasant 
return or snub for a proffered 
kindness. 

COLD COMFORT, subs. phr. (trade). 
An expression used of articles 
sent out on approval and returned. 
[Merely an extension of the literal 
meaning i.e., what is barren of 
consolation : a usage dating from 
the sixteenth century.] 

COLD COOK, subs, (popular). An 
undertaker. [Literally one who 
has to deal with cold meat, i.e., 
the lifeless human body.] Cf., 
COLD MEAT and its derivatives. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Carrion 
hunter ; body snatcher ; death 
hunter ; black worker (see BLACK 
WORK). 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un em- 
balletir de refroidis (thieves' : an 
undertaker's man ; literally ' a 
packer of cold meat '). 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet., s.v. 

COLD COOKS HOP, subs. phr. 
(popular). An undertaker's 
premises. See COLD COOK. 

COLD CREAM. See CREAM OF THE 
VALLEY. 

COLD DECK, subs. (American 
hieves'). A prepared pack of 
cards. Cf., CONCAVES AND CON- 
VEXES and STOCK BROADS. More 
politely a good hand obtained on 
first dealing and without drawing 
fresh cards. 

1880. S. L. CLEMENS ('Mark 
Twain'). Screamers. I never have 
gambled from that day to this never 
once without a COLD DECK in my pocket. 
I cannot even tell who is going to lose 
in games that are being played unless I 
deal myself. 



COLD GRUEL. See COLD COFFEE, 
sense 2. 

COLD MEAT, subs, (common).- -A 
corpse. [The human carcass is 
compared to butchers' wares.] 
For synonyms, see DEAD MEAT. 
Among medical students the term 

COLD MEAT or PICKLES (q.V.} 

specimens direct from the subject. 

1819. THOS. MOORE, Tom C fib's 
Mem. to Con., p. 25. In the Twelfth and 
Last Round Sandy fetched him a downer, 
That left him all's one as COLD MEAT for 
the Crowner. 

TO MAKE COLD MEAT OF ONE, 
verbal phr. (common). To kill. 
For synonyms, see COOK ONE'S 
GOOSE. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers, 
p. 148 (ed. 1857). ' You mustn't handle 
your piece in that 'ere way, when you 
come to have the charge in it, sir,' said 
the tall gamekeeper, gruffly, 'or I'm 
damned if you won't MAKE COLD MEAT 
OF some of us ! ' 

COLD-MEAT Box, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). A coffin. [From COLD- 
MEAT, a corpse, + BOX, a recep- 
tacle. ] For synonyms, see ETER- 
NITY BOX. 

1889. Sporting Times, 3 Aug., p. i, 
col. 3. 'Well, s'pose I perched first?' 
' Well, replied Pitcher, I should just come 
in where you were lying in the COLD-MEAT 
BOX, and I should whisper in your ear,' etc. 

COLD-M EAT CART, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). A hearse. [From COLD- 
MEAT, a corpse, + CART.] Fr., 
mannequin a refroidis. Cf., 
COLD-MEAT TRAIN. 

1820. REYNOLDS (' Peter Corcoran '). 
The Fancy, p. 46. He's gone how very 
muddy some folks die ! He's for the COLD- 
MEAT CART, and so am I. 

COLD-MEAT TRAIN, sttbs. phr. 
(popular). Generally, the funeral 
trains to Brookwood, Kensal 
Green, and other cemeteries. 



Cold Pig. 



152 



Cold Slaw. 



Specifically, the last train at night 
per S.W.R., by which officers 
can reach Aldershot in time for 
their morning duties. It starts 
about 2 a.m. from Nine Elms, 
and is properly a goods train, 
but a carriage is attached which 
is known as the 'Larky Subaltern.' 
[It is an error to suppose that 
this particular train received its 
nickname for taking corpses to 
Woking Cemetery. It carries 
nothing more dreadful than a 
portion of the beef and mutton 
for the morning ration to the 
troops in camp ; and, as before 
stated, a few belated officers.] 

1876. R. M. JEPHSON, Girl He Left 
Behind Him, ch. xi. The train by which 
Dorrien journeyed to Aldershot was that 
one known as the COLD-MEAT. 

COLD PIG. To GIVE COLD PIG, 
verbal phr. (common). To 
waken a sleeper either by sluic- 
ing him with cold water, or . by 
suddenly stripping him of his 
bed-clothes. 

1818. J. R. PLANCHE, Amoroso, King 
o/Little^ Britain. For if the Queen should 
come this way, As sure as fate and quarter 
day, COLD PIG will be your fare. 

1837. Comic Almanack, June. I ve 
given him strap, a thick rope's end, 
COLD PIG ! In vain ! There lies the 
stupid clown, As if the Night Mare held 
him down. 

1846. THACKERAY, J earners Diary fin 
Punch, vol. II., p. 72). 'What was it I 
red there? What was it that made me 
spring outabed as if sumbady had given 
me COLD PIG ? I red Rewin in that share 
list the Pannick was in full hoporation.' 

1869. W. BRADWOOD, The O. V. H., 
ch. xxxv. Then he came back rosy and 
hungry, and revenged himself by an ad- 
ministration of COLD PIG to the still slum- 
bering Ralph. 

Subs, (thieves'). i. A person 
robbed of his clothing. Cf. t 
sense 2. 

2. (thieves'). A corpse. For 
synonyms, see DEAD MEAT. 



3. (commercial travellers'). 
The ' empty returns ' sent back 
by rail to wholesale houses. 

COLD SHIVERS, mbs. phr. (com- 
mon). A figure of speech de- 
scribing the effect of illness, 
intense fear or any violent 
emotion. An American equiva- 
lent is a * cold shake,' which may 
refer alike to a period of cold 
weather, and an attack of fever 
and ague. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 50. 'There's 
our friend the Littl'un,' he resumed ; ' he's 
all shivery shakey as if he got the stag- 
gers or the COLD SHIVERS, and was going 
wurra, wurra, wurra, between his teeth, as 
if he couldn't help himself.' 

COLD SHOULDER. To GIVE, SHOW, 

Or TURN THE COLD SHOULDER, 
verbal phr. (colloquial). To 
treat a person with studied cold- 
ness, neglect, or contempt ; to 
' cut,' in a modified form. The 
phrase appears to have been first 
used by Scott in the Antiquary, 
in the glossary to which it is 
explained as ' to appear cold and 
reserved.' Jamieson localizes it 
in the South of Scotland. 

1816. SCOTT, Antiquary, ch. xxxiii. 
The countess's dislike didna gang farther 
at first than just SHOWING o' THE CAULD 
SHOUTHER. 

1840. DICKENS, Old Curiosity Shop, 
ch. Ixvi. He GIVES me THE COLD 
SHOULDER on this very matter, as if he 
had had nothing to do with it, instead of 
being the first to propose it. 

1880. G. R. SIMS, Three Brass Balls, 
pledge iii. They were not received every- 
where with open arms. He was, of course, 
but the wife was occasionally COLD SHOUL- 
DERED. 

c. 1882. Broadside Ballad, ' Where's 
the Cat?' She GAVE HIM THE COLD 
SHOULDER, and quickly told him to de- 
part. 

COLD SLAW, See CABBAGE, sense 
i. 



Cold Tea. 



Collar. 



COLD TEA, subs, (common). 
Brandy a seventeenth and 
eighteenth century colloquialism. 
For synonyms, see DRINKS. 

1690. Diet. Cant. Crew. COLD TEA : 

brandy. 

1693. Remonstrance of the Batchelors, 
in Harl. Misc. (ed. Park), IV., 505. Since 
their sex has been so familiar with brandy 
(blasphemed by the name of COLD TEA). 

1857. Notes and Queries, 2 S., iii., 
p. 59, s.v. 

1888. C. J. DUNPHIE, The Chame- 
leon, p. 235. It is worthy of remark that 
COLD TEA was a slang name for Brandy in 
the i8th century. 

COLD WATER ARMY, subs. phr. 
(colloquial). The general body 
of total abstainers. 

COLD WITHOUT, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). Spirits and cold water 
without sugar. Cf. , CIDER AND ; 
also HOT WITH. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, Ingoldsby 
Legends, p. 156 (ed. 1862). On the fire, 
too, she pops some nice mutton-chops, And 
she mixes a stiff glass of COLD WITHOUT. 

1853. BULWER LYTTON, My Novel. I 
laugh at fame. Fame, sir ! not worth a 

glass of COLD WITHOUT. 

COLE or COAL, subs, (popular). 
Money. For synonyms, see ACT- 
UAL and GILT. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. I., 
ch. v., p. 52 (1874). Tip the COLE to Adam 
Tyler, give what money you pocket-pickt 
to the next party, presently. 

167<5. A Warning for Housekeepers 
(canting song). But when that we come 
not agen, As we walk along the street, 
We bite the Culley of his COLE. 

1688. SHADWELL, Sq. of Alsatia, I., 
in wks. (1720) IV., 16. Cheat. My lusty 
rustick, learn, and be instructed. COLE is, 
in the language of the witty, money ; the 
ready, the rhino. 

16(?). Song of Seventeenth Century, 
(quoted in Halliwell and Wright's ed. of 
Mares' Glossary). The twelfth a trapan, 
if a cull he doth meet, He naps all his 
COLE, and turns him i' th' street. 



1741. WALPOLE, ballad in Letters to 
Mann, i., 22. This our captain no sooner 
had finger'd the COLE, But he hies him 
aboard with his good Madam Vole. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, The Ingoldsby 
Legends (ed. 1862), p. 398. Moreover 
the whole Of the said cash or COLE ; Shall 
be spent for the good of the said Old 
Woman's soul ! 

1844. Puck, p. 146. Thank you for 
the offer of your bill ; but I can wait until 
you can finger the COLE, when I shan't 
stand on ceremony about taking a cool 
hundred or two. . . 

TO POST Or TIP THE COLE, phr. 

(common). Tohandover money ; 
to 'shell' or 'fork out.' See 
1671 quot., subs, sense. 

1839. HARRISON AINSWORTH, Jack 
Sheppard [1889], p. 13. 'Will he POST 
THE COLE? Will he come down with the 
dues? Ask him that,' cried Blueskin. 
Ibid. If he don't TIP THE COLE without 
more ado, give him a taste of the pump, 
that's all. 

1883. G. A. S[ALA], in ///. L. News, 
Nov. 10, p. 451, col. 3. The lamented J. 
B. Buckstone, at a Theatrical Fund 
Dinner, once entreated the guests present 
to POST THE COLE, i.e., to be prompt with 
their subscriptions and donations. 

COLFABIAS or COLFABIS. See 

quot. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet. COL- 
FABIAS, a Latinized Irish phrase signifying 
the closet of decency, applied as a slang 
term to a place of resort in Trinity College, 
Dublin. 

COLIANDEROr COLI AN D E R SE EDS, 

subs. (old). Money. Grose 
[1785]. For synonyms, see 
ACTUAL and GILT. 

COLLAR, verb (common). To seize : 
appropriate; steal; e.g., 'COLLAR 
his dragons/ i.e., steal his sove- 
reigns. [Properly ' to seize by 
the collar' ; hence, by transition, 
'to lay hold of anything forcibly.'] 
For synonyms, see NAB and^PRic. 

1841. ^ LEMAN REDE, Song $ ' Kit 
Clayton,' in Sixteen-String Jack, Act i., 
Sc. 3. Ve COLLAR'D the blunt, started off 



Collar. 



154 



Collared. 



for town, With the dashy, splashy, leary, 
little stringer, Horses knock' d up, men 
knocked down Phililoo ! 

1852. DICKENS, Bleak House, ch. 
Ivii., p. 476. Look well after your own 
money, for they are dead certain to 
COLLAR it, if they can. 

1866. London Miscellany, March 3, 
p. 58. I slept in Holborn Workhouse. 
While I was asleep the other coves tore 
every rag up and COLLAR'D my toke. 

1866. HINDLEY, Life and Adventures 
of a Cheap Jack, p. 242. Old Sir John 
Collywobbles had six black horses, six 
white horses, and six pied horses. So I 
recommended my father-which-is-in-law to 
COLLAR the lot. 

1884. W. BESANT, Julia, ch. iv. 
Your grandmother tells me you've plucked 
up spirit at last and won't let her COLLAT? 
more than half the wages. 

To COLLAR THE BUN, CAKE, 
BANBURY, or CONFECTIONER'S 
SHOP, verb. phr. (common). 
To be easily first ; to surpass. 
See CAKE. 

OUT OF COLLAR, adv. phr. 
(colloquial). Out of work ; out 
of cash ; not in training. Con- 
versely, IN COLLAR = in work ; 
in comfortable circumstances ; 
and, as regards training, ' fit ' or 
* in form.' [Simile taken from 
the stable, in allusion to a horse, 
i.e., with his collar on or off.] 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Ballote* 
(tailors '=' to be out of work ' ) ; 
caler (popular and nautical = ' to 
sink ' ) ; envoyer a la comedie 
(popular : to dismiss a workman 
for want of work to give him. 
Cf. , remporter tine veste) ; etre a la 
comedie ('to be out of work ') ; 
un panas (popular : ' one out of 
work ' ) ; un inspedeur des paves 
(literally 'an inspector of the 
pavement ') ; avoir de la laine (to 
be in work). 

1857. DUCANGE ANGLICUS, The 
Vulgetf Tongue, A decent allowance 
made to seedy swells, head robbers, and 
flunkeys OUT OF COLLAR. 



1867. Scottish Journal, p. 39, col. i. 
There is nothing that so materially and 
frequently effects the well-being and 
social position of a working man as the 
circumstances arising from being, in his 
own phrase, 'OUT OF COLLAR ' that is, 
his being unable to obtain work when he 
is able to do it and anxious to get it to 
do. Ibid. A workman on tramp will, 
if he is tolerably well known in the trade, 
and if he have, when IN COLLAR, shown a 
disposition to assist those who were out, 
often be kept among his former shopmates. 

1880. MILLIKIN, Punch's A Irnanack. 
Now October! Back again to COLLAR, 
Funds run low, reduced to last 'alf dollar. 

c. 1880. Broadside Ballad, 'Why 
Did She Leave her Jeremiah ? ' When I 
was IN COLLAR I loved a fair maid, With 
eyes of a sweet dark blue. 

AGAINST COLLAR, adv. phr. 
(common). Uphill ; working 
against difficulties, or against the 
grain. 

TO BE PUT TO THE PIN OF 

THE COLLAR, verbal phr. (com- 
mon). To be driven to ex- 
tremities ; to come to the end of 
one's resources. 

TO WEAR THE COLLAR, verbal 
phr. (colloquial). To be subject 
to control not altogether to one's 
liking. The antithesis of ' to 
have the whip hand ' and ' to wear 
the breeches ' ; etc. 

COLLAR AND ELBOW, subs. phr. 
(wrestling). A term for a pecu- 
liar style of wrestling the Corn- 
wall and Devon style. 

COLLAR-DAY, .$&. (old). Hanging 
day. [In allusion to the hang- 
man's noose.] Also WRY- NECK- 
DAY (q.v.)', Fr., jour de la St. 
Jean Baptiste. 

COLLARED. To BE COLLARED, 
verbal phr. (gaming). To be 
unable to play one's usual game 
owing to temper, funk,' or other 
causes. 



Collared Up. 



Collogue. 



COLLARED UP,///. adj. (colloquial). 
Kept close to business. Cf., 

OUT OF COLLAR. 

COLLAR or GET THE BIG BIRD. 

See BIG BIRD, and for synonyms, 
GOOSED. 

COLLAR WORK, subs. phr. (collo- 
quial). Laborious work. See 
AGAINST COLLAR. 

1883. Daily Telegraph, July 3, p. 2, 
col. i. The bald patches on their 
shoulders testified to their intimate ac- 
quaintance with COLLAR WORK and tug- 
ging on stoney roads with heavy loads 
behind them. 

1888. ANT. TROLLOPE, What I Re- 
member. And when Lucca was reached 
there were still fourteen miles, nearly all 
COLLAR WORK, between that and the 
baths. 

COLLECTOR, subs. (old). A high- 
wayman or footpad. 

COLLEGE, subs, (thieves'). A 
prison ; the inmates are called 

COLLEGIANS Or COLLEGIATES 

(q.v.) ; Newgate was formerly 
called 'the CITY COLLEGE.' 
The Spanish Germania has cole^io 
and college is found in the argot 
of French thieves. 

1703. Title, 'The History of Whit- 
tington's COLLEDGE otherwise (vulgarly) 
called Newgate. London, Printed in the 
Year 1703.' 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
COLLEGE, Newgate, or any other prison. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers 
(about 1827), p. 370 (ed. 1857). ' Mornin', 
gen'l'mem', said Sam, entering at the 
moment with the shoes and gaiters ; 
' avay vith melanchplly, as the little boy 
said ven his schoolmissus died. Velcome 
to the COLLEGE, genTmem.' 

1859. MATSELL, Vacabulum, or 
Rogue's Lexicon, p. 20. COLLEGE : a 
State prison. 

1889. Answers, 8 June, p. 25. I have 
since met several men whom I knew in 
prison at one time or other, and most of 
them have recognised me ; but only one 
other has stopped me to remind me that 
we were at ' COLLEGE ' together. 



COLLEGE CHUM. --See COLLEGIATE. 

COLLEGER, subs. (University and 
public schools'). A square cap, 
otherwise known as a MORTAR- 
BOARD. For general synonyms, 
see GOLGOTHA. 

COLLEGIAN. See COLLEGIATE. 

COLLEGIATE, COLLEGIAN or COL- 
LEGE CHUM, subs, (thieves'). The 
inmate of a prison. [See COL- 
XEGE.] 

1743. NORTH, LifeofLordGuildford, 
I., 123. His beginnings were debauched, 
and his study and first practice in the gaol. 
For having been one of the fiercest town- 
rakes and spent more than he had of his 
own, his case forced him upon that expe- 
dient for a lodging, and there he ... 
busied himself with the cases of his fellow- 

COLLEGIATES. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers 
(about 1827), p. 369 (ed. 1857). ' I say- 
do you expect anybody this morning? 
Three men devilish gentlemanly fellows 
have been asking after you downstairs, 
and knocking at every door on the hall 
flight : for which they've been most infer- 
nally blown up by the COLLEGIANS that 
had the trouble of opening 'em. 1 

1859. G. W. MATSELL, Vocabulum, 
or the Rogues Lexicon, COLLEGE CHUM : 
a fellow-prisoner. 

1884. DICKENS. [Quoted in Supple 
ment to Annandale's ed. of Ogilvie's 
Imperial Diet. ,] It became a not unusual 
circumstance for letters to be put under 
his door at night enclosing half-a-crown 
. . . for the father of the Marshalsea, 
'with the compliments of a COLLEGIAN 
taking leave.' 

LADIES' COLLEGE, subs, (gene- 
ral). A brothel. For synonyms, 
see NANNY-SHOP. 

COLLOGUE, verb (colloquial). To 
confer confidentially and secretly; 
to conspire; to wheedle; or flatter. 
The term is also used in a humor- 
ous sense. [From Lat. col, toge- 



Colly-Molly. 



156 



Colour. 



ther + Lat. loquor^ to speak, in- 
fluenced probably by ' colleague ' 
and * colloquy.'] 

1596. NASHE, Saffron Walden, in 
wks. III., 136. For once before I had 
bin so cousend by his COLLOGING, though 
personally we neuer met face to face. 

1676. EARL OF ROCHESTER, Hist, of 
Insipids, st. 9. When to give Money he 
can't COLOGUE 'um, He doth with Scorn 
prorogue, prorogue 'um. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
COLLOGUE (v.): to treat with a person 
underhandedly, to cheat, flatter, coax, or 
sooth a person in order to get a secret out 
of him. 

1818. SCOTT, Rob Roy, ch. xxxvii. 
It was hardly possible two such d d 
rascals should COLLOGUE together with- 
out mischief to honest people. 

1857. BARHAM, I. L. (House-wanning), 
Miss Alice, in short, was supposed to COL- 
LOGUE I Don't much like the word with 
the subtle old rogue, I'Ve heard call'd by 
so many names, one of them's Bogy. 

1858. G. ELIOT, Mr. GilfiFs Love- 
Story, ch. iv. ' We shall be poisoned wi' 
lime an' plaster, and hev the house full o' 
workmen COLLOGEING wi' the maids, an' 
makin' no end o' mischief.' 

1861. G. ELIOT, Silas Marner, ch. ix. 
'And how long have you been so thick 
with Dunsey that you must COLLOGUE 
with him to embezzle my money?" 

COLLY- MOLLY, adj. and adv. (old). 
Melancholy. [A jocular cor- 
ruption of the word. Cf., So- 

- LEMONCHOLY and (in Dr. Mari- 
golds Prescriptions} LEMON- 
JOLLY.] 

17(?). Decl. of Pop. Imp. sign. Q. 3. 
(quoted in Nares). The devil was a little 
COLLI-MOLLIE and would not come off. 

COLLY WOBBLES, subs, (common). 
The stomach-ache; also the 
rumblings of flatulency ; figura- 
tively, the stomach. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Wiffle- 
waffles ; gripes ; mulligrubs. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Mai an 
brechet\ also gargouillade. 



1853. CUTHBERT BEDE, Verdant 
Green, pt. I., ch. viii. ' Peakyish you feel, 
don't you, now, with a touch of the mulli- 
grubs in your COLLYWOBBLES?' 

c. 1880. Broadside Ballad, ' Com- 
plaints ' or 'The Ills of Life.' Then I've 
had the colic, spasms, dizziness, and swim- 
mings, Mullygrubs and COLLYWOBBLES, 
with delicious trimmings. 

COLOUR, sit fa. (sporting). i. The 
handkerchief worn as a badge by 
prize-fighters and other profes- 
sional athletes. Each man chooses 
his own, and it was once a prac- 
tice to sell them to backers to be 
worn at the ring-side. The pre- 
sent rules of the Ring provide as 
follows : ' That every man shall 
be provided with a handkerchief 
of a colour suitable to his own 
fancy, and that the seconds pro- 
ceed to entwine these handker- 
chiefs at the upper end of one of 
the centre stakes of the ring ; that 
these handkerchiefs shall be 
called the COLOURS, and that the 
winner of the battle at its conclu- 
sion shall be entitled to their 
possession as the trophy of vic- 
tory. ' For a description of various 
'fancies,' see BILLY. In racing 
circles the COLOURS are the 
owner's and are shown in the 
jockeys' caps and jackets. 

1818. P. EGAN, Boxiana, vol. I., p. 
170. The Chicken now sported the blue- 
spotted silk handkerchief, as the champion's 
COLOUR. 

1858. A. M AYHEW, Paved with Gold, 
bk. II., ch. xii., p. 189. Each of the men 
had, previous to the fight, done a little 
profitable business by selling pocket- 
handkerchiefs, which they called their 
COLOURS. 

2. (popular). Used of money ; 
e.g.) ' I have not seen the COLOUR 
of his money ' = I have not re- 
ceived payment. See quots. 

1736. FIELDING, Don Quixote, I., Hi. 
If I have seen the COLOUR of gold this 
fortnight, may I never see Teresa Pancha 
again. 



Colour One's Meerschaum. I S7 



Colt-Man. 



1836. MARRYAT, Midshipman Easy, 
ch. xix. The padrone informed them that 
he should like to see the COLOUR of their 
money before they went on board. 

COLOURED ON THE CARD, //m 
(racing). Having the colours 
in which a jockey is to ride in- 
serted on the card of the race. 

OFF COLOUR, adv. phr. (com- 
mon). Exhausted ; run down ; 
'seedy.' 

c. 1876. Broadside Ballad, ' That's 
Where The Money Goes. 1 London's Police 
will be made up of men, Cold Rabbit Pie 
will be OFF COLOUR then. 

COLOUR ONE'S MEERSCHAUM, ver- 
bal phr. (common). To get 
brandy-faced ; to drink one's nose 
into a state of pimples and scarlet. 

COLQUARRON, subs, (old) The 
neck. For synonyms, see SCRAG. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
COLQUARRON : a man's neck (cant), his 
COLQUARRON is just about to be twisted, 
he is just going to be hanged. 

1830. SIR E. B. LYTTON, Paul 
Clifford, p. 5 (ed. 1854). ' 'Tis a rum 
business, and puzzles I ! but mum's the 
word, for my own little COLQUARREN.' 

COLT, subs, (popular). I. A person 
new to office, or, to the exercise 
of any art ; e.g. , a professional 
cricketer during his first season ; a 
first time juryman ; a thief 
in his novitiate. [Properly a 
COLT is a young male horse.] 

178^. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

1885. Daily News, 28 August, p. 3, 
col. 7. A match arranged for the benefit 
of the young players of the county was 
commenced yesterday at Manchester, 
when the Lancashire Eleven were opposed 
to Twenty-six COLTS. 

2. (nautical). See quots. 

1830. MARRYAT, King's Own, ch. 
viii. He always carried in his pocket a 
COLT (i.e., a foot and a half of rope, knotted 



at one end, and whipped at the other), for 
the benefit of the youngsters, to whom he 
was a most inordinate tyrant. 

1836. MARRYAT, Midshipman Easy, 
ch. xii. 'He knocked me down and 
when I got up again he told me that I 
could stand a little more and then he took 
out his COLT, and said he was determined 
to ride the high horse.' 

3. (thieves'). Athief's weapon; 
otherwise known as a BILLY (q.v .). 
For synonyms, see NEDDY. 

4. (thieves'). A man who 
hires horses to burglars. In 
America he is called a COLT-MAN. 
[Quoted by Grose, 1785.] 

5. (legal). See quot. 

1887. SIR F. POLLOCK, Pers. Re- 
membr., vol. I., p. 212. In April I accom- 
panied the newly-made Chief Baron [of 
Exchequer] as his COLT (the so-called 
attendant on a serjeant at his making) to 
the Lord Chancellor's private room at 
Westminster. 

Verb (nautical). i. To thrash; 
[From COLT, sense 2.] Cf.^ 
BASTE, and for synonyms, see 
TAN. 

1836. MARRYAT, Midshipman Easy, 
ch. xii. ' Then he COLTED me for half-an- 
hour, and that's all.' 

2. (common). To cause a 
person to stand treat by way of 
being ' made free ' of a new place ; 
to make one ' pay one's footing.' 
Cf. } subs., sense I. 



COLTAGE, subs, (old). The foot- 
ing paid by COLTS (q.v., subs., 
sense i) on their first appearance. 

COLTING, verbal subs, (common). 
A thrashing. For general syn- 
onyms, see TANNING and BASTE. 

C o L T- M A N . See COLT, subs. , 
sense 4. 



Coifs Tooth. 



Comb One's Hair. 



COLT'S TOOTH. To HAVE A COLT 
or COLT'S TOOTH, verbal phr. (old). 
To be fond of youthful plea- 
sures ; in the case of elderly 
persons, to have juvenile 
tastes ; to be of wanton dis- 
position and capacity. [In allusion 
to a supposed desire to shed the 
teeth and see life over again.] 

1500. MARLOWE, 2 Tamburlaine, iv., 
4. Nay, we will break the hedges of their 
mouths, And pull their kicking COLTS out 
of their pastures. 

160(5. SIR GYLES GOOSECAPPE, v., 2, 
in Bullen's Old Plays, iii., 87. I shood 
doe my country, and Court-ship good 
service to beate thy COALTS TEETH out of 
thy head, for suffering such a reverend 
word to passe their guarde. 

1637. FLETCHER, Elder Brotner, II., 
iii. He should love her now, As he hath 
a COLT'S TOOTH yet. 

1753. WALPOLE, Lett, to Mann, 
27 April (1833), vol. III., p. 89. I hear 
that my Lord Granville has cut another 
COLT'S TOOTH in short, they say he is 
going to be married again . . . there are 
not above two or three-and-forty years 
difference in their ages. 

1770. COLMAN, The Portrait, in 
wks. (1777) IV., 215. Tho' not in the 
bloom of my youth, Yet still I have left a 
COLT'S TOOTH. 

1812. C. K. SHARPE, in Correspon- 
dence (1888), II., 5. Tyndall and I always 
fought about noblemen, tho' I suspected 
his COLT'S TOOTH with regard to Lord 
Apsley, who is a mighty good sort of man, 
but only captivating. 

COLUMBINE, subs, (theatrical). A 
prostitute. For synonyms, see 
BARRACK-HACK and TART. 

COLUMBUS, subs, (theatrical). 
Failure. A REGULAR COLUM- 
BUS = an utter failure; 'dead 
frost.' Fr., II pleut!= the play 
is a failure. 

CoMB-BRUSH,.wfo. (old). A lady's 
maid. [A word compounded from 
the names of two familiar toilet 
requisites. C/., WHIP = a coach- 
man.] See ABIGAIL. 



1750. FIELDING, Tom Jones. The 
maid who at present attended on Sophia 
was recommended by Lady Bellaston, 
with whom she had lived for some time in 
the capacity of a COMB-BRUSH. 

COM B CUT. To HAVE ONE'S COMB 
CUT, verbal phr. (popular). To 
be mortified ; disgraced ; down on 
one's luck. [A simile drawn from 
cock-fighting.] 

COMB DOWN. See COMB ONE'S 

HAIR. 

COMBIE, subs, (university). - A 
familiar abbreviation for 'Com- 
bination room,' the parlour in 
which college dons drink wine 
after Hall. Also a garment ; 
see COMBINATION. 

COMBINATION, subs, (general). A 
woman's undergarment, shift and 
drawers in one. Also COMBIE, and 
(American) CHEMILOON (g.v.), 
itself a combination of ' chemise ' 
and * pantaloon.' 

COMB ONE'S \\A\K, verbal phr. t trs. 
and inlr. (common). To take to 
task ; to scold ; to keep in order. 
Sometimes to thrash, and gene- 
rally ill-treat. Variants are TO 
COMB DOWN J TO COMB ONE'S 
NODDLE WITH A THREE-LEGGED 
or JOINT STOOL. [A.S. cemban ; 
O.E. kemben; German, kammen 
to comb. Halliwell gives kemb 
(a Border form) = to comb ; also 
COMB = to cut a person's comb, to 
disable him. The word seems to 
have always involved the idea of 
personal castigation, either physi- 
cal or figurative. In this con- 
nection, cf.j quot., 1593.] Fr., 
donner une peignee and laver la 
tete ; but for synonyms in the 
sense of ' to scold,' see WIG ; and 
in the sense of 'to thrash,' see 
TAN. 



Comb the Cat. 



Come Down. 



1593. SHAKSPEARE, Taming of the 
Shrew, i., i. Kath . . . doubt not her 
cares should be to COMB YOUR NODDLE 
WITH A THREE-LEGG'D STOOL, And paint 
your face, and use you like a fool. 

1769. JOHN WALLIS, Antiquities of 
Northumberland. [Speaking of Wark 
Castle.] On the west side are the out- 
works, now called the Kemb, i.e., the 
camp of the militia designed to KEMB or 
fight an enemy ; KEMB being a word often 
used by the borderers when they threaten 
in a passionate tone to beat an assailant, 
they will KEMB him, i.e., drub him 
heartily. 

1836. W. KIDD, London and all its 
Dangers. ' Magistrates,' p. 12. The 
Magistrate of Hatton Garden has lately 
HAD HIS 'HAIR COMBED' by the Home 
Secretary for his brutal conduct. 

1852. DICKENS, Bleak House, ch. 
xxvii., p. 236. ' If you had only settled 
down, and married Joe Pouch's widow 
when he died in North America, she'd 
have COMBED YOUR HAIR for you.' 

1866. G. ELIOT, Felix Holt, ch. 
xliii. But you see, these riots it's been 
a nasty business. I shall HAVE MY HAIR 
COMBED at the sessions for a year to 
come. 1 

1869 Ino (played at Strand 

Theatre). ' Since Ino's COMBED MY WOOL 
it's ceased to grow.' 

COMB THE CAT, verbal phr. (nauti- 
cal). See quot. 

1867. SMYTH, Sailors' Word Book. 
COMBING THE CAT : the boatswain, or 
other operator, running his fingers through 
the cat-o'-nine tails to separate them. 

COME, verb (venery). i. To 
experience the sexual spasm ; to 
achieve emission ; TO SPEND 
(q.v.}. The expression (which 
applies to the agents only : never 
to the proof, or effect, of their 
activity) is common to both 
the sexes. Cf., CREAM (q.v.} ; 
SPENDINGS ; q.v. ; and LETCH- 
WATER (q.v.). 

2. (general). To practice ; 
to understand ; to act the part 
of. C/., COME OVER and COME 

TRICKS. 



1883. GREENWOOD, Tag, Rag, and 
Co. We ain't two by ourselves as COMES 
that dodge. 

3. (old). To lend. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
Has he COME it? i.e., has he lent it ? 

TO MAKE DRUNK COME, phr. 

(American). To become intoxi- 
cated. For synonyms, see 
SCREWED. 

COME ABOUT [ONE], verbal phr. 
(old). i. To circumvent. Cf., 
COME OVER and COME ROUND. 

1755. JOHNSON, Diet. Eng. Lang. 
(n ed., 1816), s.v. 'About' in common 
language they say to COME ABOUT a man. 
' to circumvent him.' 

2. (venery). To copulate. 
(Said only of men by women). 

COME A BUSTER. See BUSTER 
(nibs., sense 3). 

COME A CROPPER. See CROPPER. 

COME AND SEE YOUR PA, phr. 
(common). An invitation to 
drink. For synonyms, see 
DRINKS. 



COME CAPTAIN ARMSTRONG. See 
CAPTAIN ARMSTRONG. 

COME-DOWN, subs, (popular). A 
fall, whether of pride or worldly 
prospects ; an abandonment of 
something for something else of 
less value or moment. 

Verb. [Used either indepen- 
dently or in combination : e.g. , 

TO COME DOWN ; TO COME DOWN 
HANDSOME, or TO COME DOWN 
WITH THE DUST, DUES, DIBS, 
READY, OOF, SHINERS, BLUNT, 

NEEDFUL, etc.] (common). i. 
To pay, i.e., to 'part'; or 



Come Down. 



160 



Come Off. 



to lay down (as in payment) j to 
' fork out. ' For synonyms, see 
SHELL OUT. 

1701. STEELE, The Funeral, Act ii., 
Sc. i. I must do according to my orders 
. . . ^except you'd COME DOWN a little 
deeper than you talk of: You don't 
consider the charges I've been at already. 

1727. GAY, Beggar's Opera, Act iii., 
Sc. i. Did he tip handsomely ? How 
much did he COME DOWN with ? 

1842. Punch, vol. III., p. 136. 
' Bolt ! ' she falter'd, ' from the gov'nor ? 
Oh, my Colin, that won't pay ; He will 
ne'er COME DOWN, my love, nor Help us, if 
we run away.' 

1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. 
Ixix. My uncle augurs everything from 
the Begum's generosity, and says that 
she will COME DOWN very handsomely. 

1889. BARRERE, SI., far., and Cant, 
(quoted in). Dp you keep the gentleman 
in discourse while I speak to the prisoner, 
and see how he can COME DOWN. 

2. (trade). To abate prices. 

COME DOWN FROM THE WALLS, 

verbal phr. (American). To 
abandon a position. C/C, BACK 

SEAT. 

COMEDY-MERCHANT, subs, (com- 
mon). An actor. For synonyms, 
ss CACKLING-COVE. 

COME IT, verb (colloquial). i. To 
proceed at a great rate ; to make 
a splash and dash (in extrava- 
gance) ; to 'cut a figure.' Cf., 
COME IT STRONG and Go IT. 

1840. TH ACKER fCf, Paris Sketch Book, 
p. 22. ' I think the chaps down the road 
will stare,' said Sam, 'when they hear how 
I've been COMING IT.' 

2. (thieves'). To inform. 
For synonyms, see PEACH. 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 3 
ed., p. 444. To in form = TO COME IT. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet., p. 126. 
The expression COME IT (to inform, tell, 
or disclose) is best known to the lower 
and most dangerous classes. 



1889. Daily Telegraph. He heard 
one of the others say in reply, ' COME IT, 
meaning to tell to be quiet. 

3. (pugilistic). To show fear. 

4. (American). To succeed. 
Especially in YOU CAN'T COME IT, 
i.e., you cannot succeed : an 
expression of disbelief in the 
ability of another. Probably a sur- 
vival of old English usage. C/., 
COME OVER. 

COME IT STRONG, verbal phr. 
(popular). To exaggerate ; to 
* lay it on thick ' ; to carry to 
extremes. For synonyms, see 
LONGBOW. Cf., COME IT. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Picfavick Papeis, 
p. 356 (ed. 1857). 'Veil, sir,' rejoined 
Sam, after a short pause, ' I think I see 
your drift ; and if I do see your drift, it's 
my 'pinion that you're a COMIN' IT A GREAT 
DEAL TOO STRONG, as the mail-coachman 
said to the snow-storm, ven it overtook him.' 

1837. BARHAM, /. L. (Lay of St. 
Gengulphus}, ed. 1862, p. 157. He here 
shook his head, Right little he said, But 
he thought she was COMING IT RATHER TOO 

STRONG. 

1846. W. M. THACKERAY, Yellow- 
plush. ' Mr. Deuceace at Paris.' Now, 
though master was a scoundrill and no 
mistake, he was a gentleman and a man of 
good breeding ; and miss CAME A LITTLE 
TOO STRONG (pardon the vulgarity of the 
expression), with her harder and attach- 
mint for one of his taste. 

1869. BRET HARTE, The Heathen 
Chinee. In his sleeves, which were long, 
He had twenty-four packs. Which was 

COMING IT STRONG. 

COME JOHN, or LORD, AUDLEY. 
See JOHN AUDLEY. 

COME OFF, verbal phr. (colloquial). 
To happen j to occur ; to re- 
sult from. See also COME, 
sense I. 

1609. JONSON, Case is Altered, IV., 
iii. His muse sometimes cannot curvet, 
nor prognosticate, and COME OFF as it 
should ; no matter, I'll hammer out a 
paraphrase for thee myself. 



Come off the Grass. 



Come Over. 



1857. DICKENS, The Detective Police, 
in Reprinted Pieces, p. 239. In con- 
sequence of which appointment the 
party CAME OFF, which we are about to 
describe. 

1870. WILKIE COLLINS, Man and 
Wife, in Casselfs Mag., p. 292, col. i. 
' The betting's at five, to four, my dear. 
And the race COMES OFF in a month from 
this.' 

1872. Civilian, 10 Aug. Unfortu- 
nately, the event, to use the language of 
the turf, did not COME OFF, and con- 
siderable disappointment was manifested. 

1883. Graphic, August n, p. 138, col; 
a. Batting is his forte, though he does not 
always COME OFF. 

COME OFF THE GRASS, or THE 
TALL GRASS! phr. (American); 
' None of your airs ! ' ' Don't 
put it on so !' 'Don't tell any 
more lies !. ' The French say, 
As-tu fini tes manieres or 
magnes ? ne fais done pas ta 
Sophie ; and ne fais done pas ton 
fendart. 

COME OUT, verbal phr. (common). 
I. To make an appearance ; to 
display oneself; to express one- 
self vigorously ; to make an im- 
pression (especially in sense 2). 
Sometimes in an intensified form 

TO COME OUT STRONG. Cf., 
COME IT STRONG. 

[The first quot. is doubtful, but it 
looks like an anticipation.] 

1637. SL. RUTHERFORD, Letters, No. 
167, vol. I., pi 390 (ed. 1862, 2 vols.). 
Christ . . . who hath given you eyes to 
discern the devil COMING OUT in his 
whites. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, II., 
14. The more he [Clive] worked, the more 
he was discontented with his performance, 
somehow ; but J. J. was COMING OUT 
VERY STRONG ; J. J. was going to be a 
stunner. 

1865. G. F. BERKELEY, Life, etc. 
II., 135. Our inclination to quiz him 
[Lord Wm. Lennox] on the subject iri- 
c -eased when in later years he CAME OUT 
STRONG in magazines and reviews, as a 
sporting writer. 



1865. Comhill Magazine, IV., 218. 
'A county ball.' The native COMES OUT 
STRONG in waistcoats his array in that 
respect being gorgeous. 

1870. Good Words, April. 'The 
Hand Nailer.' In the nailing commu- 
nities, as elsewhere, woman manages 
somehow to COME OUT EXTENSIVELY on 
Sundays. 

18(?). PwrQwn t TheDreepdaily Burghs, 
pi 2. Let me confess it. I had of late 

COME OUT RATHER TOO STRONG. When a 

man has made money easily, he is some- 
what prone to launch into expense. 

2. (common). To turn out ; 
to result ; .?., How did it COME 
OUT? Cf., COME OFF. 

3. (colloquial). To make a 
first appearance in society. 

TO COME OUT OF THE LITTLE 
END OF THE HORN, phr. (Ameii- 

can). To fare badly ; in allusion 
to the thin end of the CORNU- 
COPIA. 



, verbal phr. (colloquial). 
To influence; to overreach ; 
to cheat. (If the quots. are 
compared chronologically it will 
be seen that there has been a 
gradual deterioration in the 
meaning of this colloquialism. ) 
Cf., COME ROUND; GET OVER; 

1609. DEKKER, Guts Horne-Booke, 
ch. ii. Care not for those coorse painted 
cloath rimes, made by ye University of 
Salerne, that COME OUER you, with , . . 
sweete candied councell. 

1667. SHIRLEY, Love Tricks, Act ii., 
Sc. i. I do not see what fault she can find 
with me ; and if I had some good word to 
COME OVER her but I must help it out, 
an need be, with swearing. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
To COME OVER any one : to cheat or over- 
reach him. 

1794. Gent. Mag., p. 1085. I lately 
CAME OVER him for a good round sum. 

c. 1860. Broadside Ballad, I'm a 
young man from the country, But you 
don't GET OVER me. 

II 



Come over One. 



162 



Come to Stay. 



c. 1879. Music Hall Song (sung by 
Jenny Hill, the 'Vital Spark'). You 
may GET OVER water-butts, You may GET 
OVER fountains, But I'll take particular 
notice that you dcn't GET OVER Sal. 

1884. Daily Telegraph, March n, 
p. 2, col. i. ' But don't you try and COME 
IT OVER me, or you'll find yourself in the 
wrong box.' 

COME [THE OLD SOLDIER, or any 
person or thing] OVER ONE, 
verbal phr. (colloquial).: To im- 
itate ; to overbear ; to wheedle ; 
to rule by an assumption of 
authority. Fr. , essayer de monfer 
un bateau a quelqu?un ; or monter 
k coup or un battage. 

1713. C. SHADWELL, Humours of 
the Army, Act iii. Trie Devil a Farthing 
he owes me but however, I'll PUT THE 

OLD SOLDIER UPON him. 

1825. SCOTT, St'. Ronans Well, chi 
xviii. Were it not that I think he has 
scarce the impudence to propose such a 
thing to succeed, curse me but I should 
think he was COMING THE OLD SOLDIER 
OVER ME, and keeping up his garnet 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers 
(about 1827), p. 369 (ed. 1857). 'Ah, by 
jove, he has ! ' replied Smangle. ' Hear 

him COME THE FOUR CATS IN THE WHEEL- 
BARROW four distinct cats, sir, I pledge 
my. honour Now you know that's 



you my . nono 
infirnal clever 



1839. The Druid. \ Post and 
Paddock.' The only way his crime to 
cover, To hide his shame from children's 
eye, Is not to try and COME THE LOVER 
But stable-wards at once to fly. 

1855.. W. M. THACKERAY, Thf 
Newcpmes, II., 253. ' I had a letter this 
morning from my liberal and punctual 
employer, Thomas Potts, Esquire, of the 
Newcome Independent, who states, in 
language scarcely respectful, that Sir 
Barnes Newcome Newcome is trying TO 

COME THE RELIGIOUS DODGE, as Mr. PottS 

calls it.' 

1877. W; BLACK, Green Past, and 
Pice., ch. i. ' She's rather serious, you 
know, and would like to COME THE 
MATERNAL OVER vou." 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 167. To hear him speak, one 
might imagine him as innocent as a lamb, 
and as green as a schoolboy, but just try 

TO COME THE HANKY-PANKY and PLAY 
THE OLD SOLDIER WITH him. 



1877. J. GREENWOOD, Dick Temple. 
Permit me, if you and your two friends 
think of COMING what is vulgarly called 
THE OLD SOLDIER over me, to make you 
understand that you had better abandon 
the intention. 

COME ROUND, verbal phr. (collo- 
quial). To influence; to circum- 
vent ; to persuade. Cf., COME 
OVER, and COME ABOUT, sense i. 

1846. THACKERAY, V. Fair, ch. xi. 
Finally, the reports were that the 
governess had COME ROUND everybody, 
wrote Sir Pitt's letters, did his business, 
managed his accounts had the upper 
Hand of the whole house. 

COME SOUSE, verbal phr. (pugi- 
listic). To fall heavily. Also 
COSOUSE. 

1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Mem. 
to Cong. As it was, Master Georgy CAME 
SOUSE with the whack, And there 
sprawled, like a turtle turned queer on its 
back. 

COME THE GUM GAME, verbal phr. 
(Western American). To over- 
reach by concealment^ [From 
the preference shown by hunted 
opossums and racoons ; for gum 
trees as places of refuge.] 

1869; Kansas City A dvertise r, 7 May . 
You can't COME THAT GUM GAME over 
me any more ; I've been to the land-office 
and know all about the place. 

COME THROUGH A SIDE DOOR, 

verbal phr. (common). To be 
born illegitimately. 

c. 1880. Broadside Ballad, ' The Blessed 
Orphan.' I don't think I was born at all, 
No parents own I came here ; I was left at 
a house of call. Close by a Pickford's van 
here, Some wicked wretches say, but I 
My indignation smother, That I CAME 
THROUGH A SIDE DOOR In this world 
from the other. 

COME TO STAY, verbal phr. (Ameri- 
can). To be endowed with per- 
manent qualities. Thus the New 
York Morning Journal announces 



Come to. 



163 



Commission. 



that earth fuel, a new material 
for cooking and firing purposes, 
has COME TO STAY, i.e., its com- 
mercial success is assured. 

1888. Pittsburgh Bulletin, In the 
realm of advertising, the illustration has 
evidently COME TO STAY. It attracts and 
retains the eye, and so serves a double 
purpose. 

COME To, or UP To, TIME, verbal 
phr. (pugilistic). To answer the 
call of ' Time ! ' after the thirty 
seconds' rest between round and 
round ; hence, by analogy, to be 
on the alert ; to be ready. 

1869. WHYTE MELVILLE, M. orN., 
p. n. The surprise staggered him like a 
blow. From su.ch blows, however, we 
soon COME TO T!ME, willing to take any 
amount of similar punishment. 

COM E TRICKS. See COME, sense 2. 

COME UP SMILING, verbal phr. 
(pugilistic). To laugh (or grin) 
at ' punishment ' ; hence (gene- 
rally) to be superior to rebuff or 
disaster ; to face defeat without 
flinching. 

1887. JOHN STRANGE WINTER, That 
Imp, p. 67. And yet COME UP SMILING 
at the end of it. 



COME UP TO THE CHALK: See 

SCRATCH. 

[Some othe. slang uses of the verb To 
COME are To COME THE ARTFUL = to 
essay to deceive ; To COME THE HEAVY 
= to affect a vastly superior position ; To 
COME THE UGLY=IO threaten ; To COME 
THE NOB, or THE DON to put on airs] 
To COME THE L,ARDY-DARDY=to dress 
for the public and ' look up to your 
clobber'; To COME THE SERJEANT = IO 
issue peremptory orders ; To COME THE 
SPOON = to make love; To COME THE 
GYPSY=IO try to defraud ; To COME THE 
RoTHSCHiLD = to pretend to be rich ; and 
To COME THE TRAVIATA (prostitutes', 
now obsolete) = to feign consumption, 
to put on ' the Traviata cough ' (ff.v.) 
with a view to beguiling charitable males. ] 



COM FLOGISTICATE, verb (American). 
To embarrass ; put out of coun- 
tenance ; confuse ; or hoax. See 
BAMBLUSTERCATE. 

COM FOOZLED, adj. (rare). Over- 
come ; exhausted. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xxxix., 
p. 340. ' Well,' said Sam, ' he's in a 
horrid state o' love ; reg'larly COM- 
FOOZLED, and done over with it.' 

COMFORTABLE IMPORTANCE or 
COMFORTABLE IMPUDENCE, 

subs. (old). A wife ; also a 
mistress in a wife's position. Fr. , 
Mon gouvernement. For syno- 
nyms, see DUTCH. 

COMICAL, subs, (common). A 
napkin. 

To BE STRUCK COMICAL, verb, 
phr. (popular). To be astonished. 

COMING, ppL adj. (old). i. 
Wanton ; forward ; sexual. 
See COME, sense I. 

1750. FIELDING, Tom Jones, ch. xii. 
I dares to swear the wench was as willing 
as he, for she was always a forward kind 
of body. And when wenches are so 
COMING, young men are not so much to 
be blamed neither, for to be sure they do 
no more than what is natural. 

1785. GROSE, Diet'. Vulg. Tongue, 



2. (old). Sextlally capable. 
See COME, sense i. 

COMMERCIAL, subs', (thieves') See 
quot. 

1886. Tit-Bits, 31 July, p. 252. He 
is one of the cleverest COMMERCIALS 
(this is the polite name for rogues and 
vagabonds generally) on the road. 

2. (common). An abbreviation 
of ' commercial traveller. ' 

COMMISSION or MISH, subs. (old). 
A shirt. [From the Italian. 



Commister. 



164 



Common Sewer. 



See CAMESA.] 
see FLESH BAG. 



For synonyms, 
1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 65, 



1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p, 37 (H. Club's Repr., 1874), s.v. 

1622. JOHN FLETCHER, The Beggars 
Bush. I crown thy nab with a gag of ben- 
bouse, And stall thee by the salmon into 
clowes To maund on the pad and strike all 
the cheats To mill from the Ruffmans, and 
COMMISSION, and slates. 

1630. TAYLOR .(' The Water Poet '), 
wks. quoted in Nares. As from our beds 
we doe oft cast our eyes, Cleane linnen 
yeelds a shirt before we rise, Which is a 
garment shifting in condition, And in the 
canting tongue is a COMMISSION ; In weale 
or woe, in joy or dangerous drifts, A shirt 
will put a man unto his shifts. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. L , 
ch. v., p. 48 (1874), s.v. 

COM MISTER, subs, (bid); A 
clergyman. The same as 
CAMISTER (q.v.}. For synonyms, 
see DEVIL-DODGER. 

COMMODITY, subs. (old). The 
female pudendum. For synonyms, 
see MONOSYLLABLE. 

1596. SHAKSPEARE, King John, ii., 
2. Tickling COMMODITY ; COMMODITY 
the bias of the world. 

1785: GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 
1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

COMMON-BOUNCE, subs. (low). 
One using a lad as a decoy to 
prefer a chaige of unnatural inter- 
course. 

1886. M." DAVITT, Leaves from a 
Prison Diary, p. 109. THE COMMON 
BOUNCE Of all the scoundrels that stalk 
abroad in the world unhung for u> detected 
enormities, this is the most infamous. 



COM MON*DoiNGS,j-fcfo. (American). 
Every-day fare. [A phrase of 
Western origin, at first restricted 
in its meaning, but now including 
ordinary transactions as com- 
pared to those either large 
or peculiarly profitable; applied 



to men, actions, and things. 
' What shall we do ? ' says a poor 
frontiersman's wife, when she 
hears of a Federal Officer who is 
to take up his quarters at her 
cabin for a day ; * I can't give 
him COMMON-DOINGS.'] 

1835. HALiBtRTON ('Sam Slick'), 
The Clockmaker, 38.! guess I'll order 
supper. What shall it be? Cornbread 
and COMMON DOINS, or wheatbread and 
chicken fixins ? 

COMMONER- GRUB, subs. (Win- 
chester College). A dinner for- 
merly given by Commoners to 
College after cricket matches. 
[Commoners are boys not on the 
foundation.] 

COM MONEY, subs, (schoolboys'). 
A clay marble. Cf. , ALLEY. 

, 1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwitk -Papers 
(about 1827), p. 28 (ed. 1857). On one 
occasion he patted the boy on the head, 
and after inquiring whether he had won 
any alley tors or COM MONEYS lately (both 
of which I understand to be a particular 
species of marbles much prized by the 
youth of this town), made use of this re- 
markable expression ' How should you 
like to have another father?' 

COMMON-JACK, subs, (military). 
A prostitute. For synonyms, see 
BARRACK-HACK and TART. 

COMMON-PLUGS, subs. (American). 
Ordinary members of society. 

CdMMONSENsipAL, adj. (collo- 
quial). Marked with common 
sense. 

1880. Frazer's Magazine, Sep., p. 308. 
The manner in which he (Alexander 
Russell) begins must have delighted the 
COMMONSENSICAL mind of old Charles 
Maclaren. 



COMMON SEWER, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). i. A drink ; dram ; or 
' go.' [From common sewer = 'a 
drain.'] For synonyms, see Go. 



Communicator. 



165 Concaves and Convexes. 



2. (venery). A prostitute. 

COMMUNICATOR. AGITATE THE 
COMMUNICATOR, verbalphr. (com- 
mon). To ring the bell. 

COMP, subs, (printers'). A com- 
positor. [An abbreviated form 
of ' companion ' now peculiar to 
compositors, but originally applied 
to pressmen who work in couples, 
as well as to compositors who 
work in a 'companionship,' or 
SHIP (q.v.}.~\ GALLEY - SLAVE 
(q.v.) is a variant; so are 
ASS (q.v.) and DONKEY (q.v}. 
C/., 1'iG. 

1870. Sportsman, 17 Dec. ' A Chape} 
Meeting.' I stood before the world a jour- 
neyman COMP. 

1886. Tit-Bits, 31 July, p. 252. At 
provincial newspaper offices and other es>- 
tablishments applications for work from 
travelling COM PS are frequent. 

1888. W. BLADES, in Notes and 
Queries, 7 S., vi., 365. The printers who 
work together in one room are to this day 
called COMPS. 

COMPANY. To SEE COMPANY, 
verbal phr. (prostitutes'). To 
live by prostitution ; TO TAKE IN 

FANCY WORK (q.V.}. 
1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v< 



COMPETITION WALLAH, subs. phr. 
(Anglo-Indian/. Orie who enters 
the Indian Civil Service by 
examination. [FVom COMPETI- 
TION 4- ffindustani wallah, ' a 
man' or "'person;'] 

1863. G. O. TREVELYAN, Title, THE 
COMPETITION WALLAH. 

1886. ///. Lon. News, g Jan., p. 31, 
col. 3. It is quite certain that, if justice is 
ever to be done to India, our COMPETI- 
TION WALLAHS must not be encouraged 
to look upon it as a mere Totn Tidler's 



ground, where they are to remain just so 
long as they require for picking up gold 
and silver (in the form of pension and 
savings). 

COMPO, subs, (nautical). A sailor's 
' term for his monthly advance of 
wages. 

COMPY-SHOP, subs, (workmen's). 
A truck-shop. [ Probably a cor- 
ruption of ' company-shop ' : work- 
men before the 'passing of 
certain Truck Acts, having been 
frequently compelled to make 
their weekly purchases at shops 
either "kept by, or worked to the 
profit of, their employer.] 

1870. Globe, 24 Sept. The Acts of 
Parliament which have been passed from 
time to time in reference to truck are easily 
evaded, for as a rule no workman is told 
that he must buy at the COMPY-SHOP, but 
the workmen well know that if they did not 
resort thither they would soon be dis- 
m'issed their employment. 

CON, subs. (Winchester College). 
A rap on the head with the 
knuckles, or with anything hard, 
such as a cricket ball. [For sug- 
gested derivations, see verbal 
sense. ] 

Verb. To rap with the 
knuckles. [The derivation for- 
merly accepted at Winchester was 
from KovlvKov = a knuckle, but 
the editors of the Wykehamist 
suggest its origin in the North 
Country con, ' to fillip,' with 
which the French se corner exactly 
corresponds.] 

CONCAVES AND CON VEXES, subs, 
ph . (cardsharners'). Cards pre- 
pared for cheating. All from the 
eight to the king are cut CONVEX, 
and all from the deuce to the 
sever CONCAVE ; so that by cut- 
ting the pack broadwise you cut 
CONVEX, and by cutting them 



Concern. 



1 66 



Confab. 



lengthwise you cut CONCAVE. 
Sometimes they are shaped the 
reverse way, so that, if suspicion 
arise, a pack so treated may be 
substituted lor the other to the 
same effect. In this trick the 
sharper has less in his favour 
than in others, because the 
intended victim may cut in 
the usual way, and so cut a low 
card to the dealer. But the cer- 
tainty of being able to cut or 
deal a high or low card at plea- 
sure, gives him an advantage 
4 against which skill ir> of none avail. 
Other modes of sharping are by 
means of REFLECTORS (q.v.) ; 

LONGS AND SHORTS (q.V.) ; 
PRICKED CARDS (q.V.) ; THE 
BRIDGE (q.V.) ; SKINNING (q.V.) \ 
WEAVING (q.V. ) ; THE GRADUS or 
STEP (q.V.) ; PALMING (q.V.) ; 
and THE TELEGRAPH (q.v.). A 
French term for prepared cards is 
les aiguilles a tricoter les cdles 
(Anglice OLD GENTLEMEN,^, v. ) ; 
also une cartotichiere a portees (a 
pack of prepared cards) ; and les 
harnais STOCKED BROADS (q.v. ). 
See also STOCK BROADS. 

CONCERN, subs, (general). The 
pudenda, male or female. See 
CREAMSTICK and MONOSYL- 
LABLE respectively for syno- 
nyms. 

CONCERNED, ppl. adj. (old). 
Drunk. For synonyms, see 
SCREWED. 

1686. Magdalen College and King 
James II. (Oxford Hist. Soc.), quoted in 
Athenaum, 8 Jan., 1887, p. 56. When 
Mr. Anthony Farmer came to the Lobster 
about eleven at night, he came much 
CONCERNED in drink. 

17(?,). SWIFT. [Quoted in DAVIES' 
Supp. Lex.] (Mary, the cook-maid to 
Dr. Sheridan.) Which, and I am sure 
I have been his servant four years sine*? 
October, And never call'd me worse than 



sweetheart, drunk or sober ; Not that I 
know his Reverence was ever CONCERN'D 
to my knowledge ; Tho' you and your 
come-rogues keep him out so late in your 
wicked college. 

1834. TAYLOR, Ph. van Art., pt. II., 
iii., 3. Oh, she's a light skirts ! yea, and 
at this present A little, as you see, CON- 
CERN'D with liquor. 

CONCHERS, subs. (Australian). - 
Tame or quiet cattle. 

CON DIDDLE, verb (old). To pur- 
loin or steal. [From Latin con, 
a pleonastic prefix, + DIDDLE, 
'to cheat.' CONDIDDLED is 
quoted by Grose in the Provincial 
Glossary, 1787, as signifying 'dis- 
persed. '] 

1825. SCOTT, St. Ronaris Well, ch. 
iv. ' Twig the old connoissoeur,' said the 
Squire to the Knight, 'he is CONDIDDLING 
the drawing." 

CON DOG, verb (common). To 
agree with. [A facetious varia- 
tion of ' concur ' ; ' cur ' = dog.] 

CON FA B, subs, (colloquial). 
Familiar talk. [A contraction of 
confabulation ; Latin confabulatio. ] 

1778. D'ARBLAY, Diary, etc. (1876), 
vol. I., p. 37. We had a very nice CON- 
FAB about various books. 

1789. WOLCOT ('P. Pindar'), Sub- 
jects for Painters, in wks. (Dublin, 1795), 
vol. II., p. 26. For lo, with many a 
King and many a Queen, in close CONFAB 
the gentleman is seen. 

1841. Punch, vol. I., 75. Sibthorp, 
meeting Peel in the House of Commons 
after congratulating him on his present 
enviable position, finished the CONFAB 
with the following unrivalled conundrum. 

1850. F. E. SMEDLEY, Frank Fair- 
leigh, ch. xxv. ' Mr. Harry . . . called 
Mr. Archer into his own room, and they 
had a CONFAB.' 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, JacKs Court- 
ship, ch. viii. This ended our CONFAB 
and half an hour afterwards I stood in 
the hall shaking hands all round. 

Verb. T'o talk in a familiar 
manner; to chat. See stibs. , sense. 



Confectionery. 



Conish. 



1778. D'ARBLAY, Diary, etc. (1876), 
vol. I. p. 85. Mrs. Thrale and I were 
dressing, and, as usual, CONFABBING. 

CONFECTIONERY, subs. (American). 
A drinking bar. An analogous 
term is GROCERY, but for syno- 
nyms, see LUSH-CRIB. 

CONFIDENCE TRICK, DODGE, or 
BUCK, stibs. phr. (common). A 
process of swindling, the basis of 
which consists in obtaining trust 
with the deliberate intention of 
betraying it to your own ad- 
vantage. A greenhorn meets (or 
rather is picked up by) a stranger 
who invites him to drink. The 
stranger admires him openly, pro- 
tests his CONFIDENCE in him, and 
to prove his sincerity hands him 
over a large amount of money 
[snide] or valuables [bogus], with 
which to walk off and return. 
The greenhorn does both, where- 
upon the stranger suggests that it 
is his turn next, and being 
favoured with certain proofs of 
' confidence,' which in this case 
are real, decamps and is no more 
seen. This is the simplest form 
of the trick, but the CONFIDENCE 
MAN is inexhaustible in devices. 
In many cases the subject's 
idiosyncrasy takes the form of 
an idiotic desire to overreach his 
fellows; i.e., he is only a knave, 
wrong side out, and it is upon this 
idiosyncrasy that the operator 
works. He offers a sham gold 
watch at the price of a nickel one ; 
he calls with presents from no- 
where where none sre expected ; 
he writes letters announcing huge 
legacies to persons absolutely 
kinless ; and as his appeal is ad- 
dressed to the sister passions of 
greed and dishonesty he seldom 
fails of his reward. Fr., mener 
en bateau un pante pour le rc- 



faire 'to stick a jay and flap 
him.' 

CONFLABBERATED, ppl. adj. (com- 

mon). Bothered ; upset; 'flum- 
moxed. ' 

CONFLABBERATION, subs. (com- 

mon). A confused wrangle ; a 
'hullabaloo.' 

CONFOUNDED, adj. (colloquial). 
Excessive ; odious ; detestable ; 
e.g., a CONFOUNDED nuisance, 
lie, humbug, etc. [CONFOUND 
is properly ' to mistake one for 
another,' or 'to throw into con- 
sternation.' In its colloquial 
sense CONFOUNDEP is misused 
much as are 'awful,? 'beastly,' 
and other 'strumpets of speech.'] 

1766. O. GOLDSMITH, Y icar f 
Wakefield, eft. vii.'(ed. 1827), p. 427 Mr 
Thornhill, loQ. : ' For what are tythes and 
tricks but an imposition, all CONFOUNDED 
imposture.' 

CONFUBUSCATE, verb (popular). 
See quot., and Cf., CONFUS- 

TICATE. 

1880. Broadside Ballad, ' You mustn't 
tickle me.' I hope I don't CONFUBUSCATE, 
I'se Topsy from the Georgia State. 

CON FUSTIGATE, verb (American). 
To confuse. 

CONIACKER, subs, (thieves'). A 
counterfeiter ; smasher ; or 
' queer-bit ' faker. [Obviously a 
play upon COIN, money, and 
HACK, to mutilate.] Fr., un 
mornifleur tarte. 

1871. DE VERB, A mericanisms, p. 296. 
False coins, the makers of which are curi- 
ously called CONIACKERS. 

CONISH, adj. (old). See quot. 

1830. SIR. E. B. LVTTON, Paul 
Clifford, p. 29 (ed. 1854). ' Paul, my ben 
cull,' said he with a knowing wink, and 



Conk. 



168 



Conk. 



nudging the young gentleman in the left 
side, ' vot do you say to a drop o' blue 
ruin? or, as you likes to be CONISH (gen- 
teel), I doesn't care if I sports you a glass 
of port.' 

CONK, subs, (popular). The nose. 
[Hotten says : possibly from the 
Latin concha, a shell. Greek, 
Koyxn hence anything hollow. 
A parallel is testa =a.n earthen- 
ware pot, a shell, in Latin ; and in 
later Latin- a skull ; whence the 
French teste or tete = head. C/., 
quot., l8j8.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Boko 
or boco ; proboscis ; smeller 
bowsprit; claret-jug; gig; muzzle 
cheese-cutter ; beak ; snuff-box 
snorter ; post-horn ; paste-horn 
handle; snout; nozzle; smelling 
cheat ; snotter ; candlestick 
celestial ; snottle-box ; snuffler 
trumpet ; snorer ; peak. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Une 
bouteille (popular : literally ' a 
bottle ') ; un Bourbon (popular : 
an abbreviated form of nez h la 
Bourbon. In allusion to the thick, 
prominent, and almost aquiline 
Bourbon nose) ; un blair or blaire 
(popular) ; un caillou (popular : 
properly ' a flint.' In allusion to 
a Bardolphiari, a light - giving, 
quality) ; un tubercule (familiar : 
applied to a big nose. In medicine 
' a tumour,' ' swelling,' or ' pro- 
tuberance ') ; un pivase (popular : 
a nose of large dimensions. 
Michel derives the word from 
pive=. l & grog-blossom' or 'pin- 
point,' properly a fir-apple) ; un 
pi ton (popular : literally a geo- 
graphical term meaning 'a peak.' 
Un piton passe a lencaustique, a 
red or ' copper-nose ') ; un pif or 
pifre (general) ; une t'ompe 
(literally ' a horn ' or * trumpet ') ; 
une truffe (popular : literally ' a 



truffle,' for which pigs are trained 
to search. Hence a French- 
man when he wants to call a 
man a pig, says // a tin nez a 
ch'ercherdes truffes] ; une trompette 
(popular : literally * a trumpet ') ; 
tin. naze (popular and thieves' : 
a Proven9alism) ; tin nazaret 
(popular) ; un chandelier (popu- 
lar) ; une iasse (popular) ; un 
sabot (popular) ; un os & moelle 
(thieves': literally 'a marrow- 
bone.' Faire juter Fos a moelle 
= to use the fingeis as a hand- 
kerchief) ; un eteignoir (popular : 
a large nose ; literally, ' an extin- 
guisher'); un nazonnant (popu- 
lar) ; un minois (thieves' : 
obsolete) ; un nurliton (popular); 
un morviau (popular). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Muffer 
or Muffett (from muffen, muffeln, 
or murfeln = ' to smell '); Schntitz- 
ling or Schnauzling \ Schnut (a 
North German form of Schnauze. 
Schnut is a favourite nickname 
among thieves, especially for 
those who possess long noses ; 
also a pet. name for a sweet-hearc 
or doxy. Schnutenmelech or 
Schnutcnkdnig\ the nosey king, 
or nosey one) ; Schniffling. 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Soffiante 
(this exactly corresponds to the 
English ' snorter ' ; it signifies 
literally 'blowing' or 'breath- 
ing ') > fiauto or Jlauto (properly 
' a flute ') ; maremagno (Jiterally 
*the great sea'). 

1838. Comic Almanack, p. 158. I 
have inserted a small item from my sur- 
geon's bill, for repairs of his companions' 
noses, damaged by his passion for CON- 

CHOLOGY. 

1840. H. COCKTON, Valentine Vox, 
ch. xxviii. He fancied it proper to put on 
his nose before he alighted from the cab. 
' Oh ! oh ! there's a CONK ! there's a 
smeller! Oh! oh!' exclaimed about fifty- 
voices in chorus. 



Conoodle. 



169 



Const it u tional. 



1859. Punch, vol. XXXVII., p. 54. 
' Essence of Parliament.' July 25, Mon- 
day, Lord Lyndhurst let fly and caught 
him what (if pugilistic terms be not out of 
place when one is alluding to so pacific 
a personage) may be designated an ex- 
tremely neat one on the CONK. 

1860. Chambers Journal, vol. XIII., 
p. 348. His nose is his CONK. 



1887. ATKIN, House Scraps, 
'dexter ogle' has a ' mouse ' Hl ' c 
devoid of bark. 



His 
His CONK'S 



1889. Ansivers, p Feb. That portion 
of his countenance which is euphemistically 
described in the language of lower London 
as a CONK. 



CONOODLE. See CANOODLE. 

CONSCIENCE, subs, (theatrical). 
Thus explained in Slang, Jargon, 
and Cant : A kind of association 
in a small company for the aljot- 
ment of shares in the profits, etc. 
The man who is lucky enough to 
have a concern of his own, gener- 
ally a very small affair, however 
badly jie may act, must be the 
leading man or first low comedian, 
perhaps both. He becomes the 
manager, of course, and thus has 
one share for 'fit-up,' one for 
scenery, one and a half for 
management, one for wardrobe, 
one and a half as leading man ; 
and the same is given to the wife, 
who, of course, will not play 
anything but the juvenile lead, 
but who at any other time would 
be glad to play first old woman. 



CONSIDERABLE BEND. To GO ON 

THE CONSIDERABLE BEND. verb. 
phr. (common). To go in for a 
bout of dissipation. 

CONSONANT - CHOKER, subs, (com- 
mon). One that clips his G's 
and muffles his R's. 



CONSTABLE. To OUT or OVER-RUN 
THE CONSTABLE, verbal phr. 
(common). To live beyond one's 
means and get into debt; also, in 
a figurative sense, to escape from 
a bad argument ; ' to change the 
subject'; to 1alk about what is 
not understood. 

1663. BUTLER, Hudibras, pt. I., canto 
iii., 1. 1367. Quoth Hudibras, Friend 
Ralph, mod hast OUT-RUN THE CON- 
STABLE at last'; For thou art fallen as a 
new Dispute, as senseless as untrue, But 
to the former opposite, And contrary as 
black to white. 

1748. SMOLLETT, Rad. Random, ch. 
xxjji. He inquired, ' how far have you 

OVERRUN THE CONSTABLE?' I told him 

that the debt amounted to eleven pounds. 

1766. ANSTEY, New Bath Guide, 
letter vii. And some people think with 
such haste he began, That soon he THE 
CONSTABLE greatly OUTRAN. 

1782. WOLCOT ('P. Pindar'), Rights 
of Kings, ode xi. Got deep in debt, THE 

CONSTABLE OUT- RAN. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xli., 
p. 357. ' He RUN a match agin THE 
CONSTABLE, and vun it.' ' In other words, I 
suppose.' said Mr. Pickwick, 'he got into 
debt.' 'Just that, sir,' replied Sam. 

CONSTICIAN, subs, (theatrical). 
A member of the orchestra. 



CONSTITUTIONAL, subs, (colloquial). 
A walk undertaken for the sake 
of health and exercise [/.., for 
the benefit of the constitution]. 
Tronchiner, from Doctor Tron- 
chin, is French for the verb, 
tronchinade for the act. 

1850. F. E. SMEDLEY, Frank Fair- 
leigh, ch. xxix. One evening, about a week 
before the examinations were to begin, I 
was taking my usual CONSTITUTIONAL 
after Hall. 

1853. REV. E. BRADLEY ('Cuthbert 
Bede'), Verdant Green, pt. II., p. 41. 
At one time he was a great friend of Cocky 
Palmer's, and used to go with him to the 
Cock fights at Wheatley that Village just 
on the other side Shotover Hill where we 
did a CONSTITUTIONAL the other day. 



Contango. 



170 



Continental. 



1871. City of London Directory. 
1 Facts and Anomalies." The valetudi- 
narian has not much choice in the city for 
a CONSTITUTIONAL, seeing that it possesses 
but three walks, and ' Long Walk ' is the 
shortest. 

CONTANGO, subs. (Stock Exchange). 
A fine paid by the buyer to the 
seller of stock for carrying over 
the engagement to another 
settling day, and representing a 
kind of interest for a fourteen 
days' extension. [Thought to be 
a corruption of * continuation.'] 

1853. Notes and Queries, 17 Dec., p. 
586, col. 2. CONTANGO : a technical term 
m use among the sharebrokers of Liver- 
pool, and I presume elsewhere, signifying 
a sum of money paid for accommodating 
either a buyer or seller by carrying the 
engagement to pay money or deliver 
shares over to the next account day. 

1871. Daily News, 27 Feb. A large 
amount of money was offered in the Stock 
Exchange, in connection with the fort- 
nightly settlement, which began this morn- 
ing, and the CONTANGOES on British 
railway securities were light, while the 
supply of stock was small. 

1872. Evening- Standard, n Dec. 
1 City Intelligence.' Erie Shares are 
steady ; the CONTANGO is 3d. to gd. 

1884. Daily Nevus, Nov. 13, p. 5, col. 
i. City shop is not less baffling, and it is 
perhaps impossible for laymen to under- 
stand what CONTANGO means. CON- 
TANGO, by the way, would be a proud 
motto for an ennobled stockbroker, and 
would look well under a crest. 

1887. ATKIN, House Scraps. B stands 
for broker, for bull and for bear, C's the 
CONTANGO that's paid by the bull. 

CONTENT, adv. (old). Dead. For 
synonyms, see ALOFT and HOP 

THE TWIG. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. VuJg. Tmigue. 
The cull's CONTENT : the man is past 
complaining (cant), saying of a person 
murdered for resisting the robbers. 

CONTINENT, adv. (Winchester Col- 
lege). Ill ; on the sick list. 
[Ft om eontinens cameram vel Jec- 
tum, keeping one's room or bed.] 
See ABROAD. 



1870. MANSFIELD, School Life at 
Winchester College, p. 146. When a boy 
felt ill, or inclined to quit school for a 
period, he had to get leave CONTINENT 
which was done by sending a boy in the 
morning first to get leave from his tutor, 
and then from the Head Master. 

1878. ADAMS, Wykehamica^ p. 224 
We suggested the ' CONTINENT room ' ; 
and on being required to say what was 
to become of the sick boys ? replied, that 
it was notorious that there was never 
anything the matter with them ! 



CONTINENTAL. NOT TO CARE or 

BE WORTH A CONTINENTAL or 
CONTINENTAL DAMN, phr. 

(American). To be worthless ; 
net to care in the least degree. 
[CONTINENTAL was the common 
qualification at the time of the 
Revolution of whatever concerned 
the American Colonies before 
they were united into a con- 
federacy ; hence CONTINENTAL 
congress, CONTINENTAL money, 
CONTINENTAL troops ; while the 
people themselves were generally 
spoken of as CONTINENTALLERS 
Or CONTINENTALS. CONTINEN- 
TAL DAMN, a term almost uni- 
versally applied to the worthless 
CONTINENTAL paper money of 
those days is, nevertheless held 
by James Grant White (Words 
and their Uses} to be a counter- 
part, if not a mere modification, 
of other phrases of the same 
kidney a tinker's or trooper's 
damn, etc. and as the colonial 
troops were called CONTI- 
NENTALLERS Or CONTINENTALS 
during the war, and for many 
years afterwards, it is probable 
that it began as a CONTINENTAL'S 
DAMN. Pass : ng to the general 
phrase ' not worth a damn ' Mr. 
White thinks that the 'damn ' = 
A. S. cerse. = watercress. Piers 
Ploughman (1362) sa)s* wisdom 
and witt nowe is not worth a 
kerse ' and transition, by reason 



Continuations. 



171 



Convey. 



of identity of sound and a love 
of variety, from ' not worth a 
curse ' to ' not worth a damn ' is 
easy.] See CARE and CURSE. 

1869. S. L. CLEMENS ('Mark 
Twain '), The Innocents at Home, p. 20. 
He didn't give a CONTINENTAL for any- 
body. Beg your pardon, friend, for coming 
so near saying a cuss-word. 

1888. Missouri Republican, 16 Feb. 
I am not worrying about the nomination, 
though. I DON'T CARE A CONTINENTAL 
if I don't receive it. 

CONTINUATIONS, subs, (general). 
Trousers. [Of analogous deriva- 
tion to INEXPRESSIBLES J UN- 
MENTIONABLES ; MUSN'T-MEN- 
TION'EMS; UNTALKABOUTABLES, 
etc.] For synonyms, see BAGS 
and KICKS. 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 4, col. i. 
Like the London dustmen, the Newmarket 
jockeys, the peripatetic vendors, or buyers 
of ' old clo',' or the Albert CONTINUATIONS 
at one pound one, they appear to be made 
to measure for the same. 

1853. WHYTE MELVILLE, Digby 
Grand, ch. xx. To whose wonderfully- 
fitting CONTINUATIONS, 'pants' he calls 
them, the ' Ananyridians ' themselves are 
but as a Dutchman's drawers. 

CONTRAPTIONS, subs. (American). 
Small articles ; tools ; and so 
forth. 

1833. J. C. NEAL, Charcoal Sketches. 
For my part, I can't say as how I see 
what's to be the end of all of them new- 
fangled CONTRAPTIONS. [DE V.] 

CONTROL FORTUNE, verbal phr. 
(card-sharpers'). To cheat at 
cards. See ROOK. 

CONVENIENCE, subs, (common). 
A water-closet or chamber-pot. 

CONVENIENT, subs, (old). A mis- 
tress. For synonyms, see BAR- 
RACK-HACK and TART. 

1676. ETHEREGE, Man of Modf, 
III., iii., in wks. (1704), 233. Dorimant's 
CONVENIENT, Madam Loveit. 



1688. SHADWELL, Sq. of Alsatia, II., 
in wks. (1720), iv., 47. But where's your 
lady, captain, and the blowing, that is to 
be my natural, my CONVENIENT, my pure? 
Ibid, I., iv., p. 22. Shamweli. Thou art 
i' th' right ; but, captain, where's the 
CONVENIENT, the Natural? Hackum. 
Why, at my house ; my wife has brought 
her into a good humour ; she is very 
pretty. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue,*.v. 
1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 



CONVEXES. See CONCAVES. 

CONVEY, verb (old). To steal. [In 
law, to transfer from one person 
to another 5 by which it will be 
seen th^t ' there is a certain 
humour in the expression.] For 
synonyms, see PRIG. Cf., ANNEX. 

1596, SHAKSPEARE, Merry Wives 
a/ Windsor, Act i., Sc. 3. Nym. The 
good humour is, to steal at a minute's 
rest. Pist. CONVEY, the wise it call. 

1607. MARSTON, What You Will, 
II., 260. Bu t, as I am Crack, I will CONVEY, 
crossbite, and cheat upon Simplicius. 

1883. A. DOBSON, Old World 
Idylls, p. 237. If they hint, O Musician, 
the piece that you played Is nought but a 
copy of Chopin or Spohr ; That the ballad 
you sing is but merely CONVEYED From 
the stock of the Arnes and the Purcells of 
yore. 

1889. Pall Mall Gaz., 31 Oct., p. 3, 
col. i. Three great works of research 
and collaboration have been projected and 
partially or wholly executed in England 
within the lifetime of thepresentgeneration. 
They are the Encyclopedia Britannica, 
the Dictionary of National Biography, 
and the New English Dictionary. Each 
of these, but especially the last (from which 
the Century crew have CONVEYED freely) 
is as perfect in its way as any human 
undertaking can be. 

1890. Scots Observer, 14 June, p. 98, 
col. i. Lest this may seem an ungenerous 
suspicion, I hasten to say that it would 
never have crossed my mind had not so 
many of the other characters in this re- 
markable production (?) been obviously 
CONVEYED (delicious word !) from well- 
known novels. 



Conveyance. 



172 



Cony- Catcher. 



CONVEYANCE, subs. (old). A theft. 
[See CONVEY and CONVEY- 
ANCER.] 

1592. SHAKSPEARE, /. Hen. VI., i., 3. 
Since Henry's death, I fear there is 

CONVEYANCE. 

1712. Spectator, No. 305. Provided 
the CONVEYANCE was clean and unsus- 
pected, a youth might afterwards boast 
of it. 

CONVEYANCER, subs. (old). A 
thief. [From CONVEY, to steal. 
In law, one whose occupation is 
to draw conveyances or transfers 
of property, deeds, etc.] See 
CONVEYER. 

1857. SNOWDRN, Mag. Assistant (3 
ed.), p. 445. To pick pockets : to buzz, 
buzzmen, clyfakeis, CONVEYANCERS. 

CONVEYANCING, verbal subs (com- 
mon). Thieving. [In law, the 
act or practice of drawing up deeds, 
leases, etc., for transferring the 
title to property from one per- 
son to another. C/7, CONVEY, 
to steal.] 

1865. MR. SMOLLETT, in House of 
Commons, 14 March. ' Speech on the 
Nawab of the Carnatic.' Pickpockets in 
I^ondon, when they appropriated purses 
or watches, called the transaction CON- 
VEYANCING. 

1889. Modern Society (quoted in .9., 
/. and C.), p. 269. The green youth who 

attempted to decamp with 's watch 

. . . was properly punished for his verdancy 
in the art of CONVEYANCING. 

CONVEYER, subs, (old). A thief. 
[One who conveys or steals.] 
Fr., emposleur. 

1597. SHAKSPEARE, Richard II., iv., 
sub. fin. O good convey ! CONVEYERS are 
you all, That rise thus nimbly by a true 
king's fall. 

CONY or TOM CONY, subs. (old). 
A simpleton. [From the pro- 
verbial simplicity of the rabbit 
or CONY.] See CONY -CATCH, 



verb, and for synonyms, BUFFLE- 
HEAD and CABBAGE-HEAD. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vul. Tongue, s.v. 

CoNY-CATCH,ew (old). To cheat; 
deceive ; trick ; or ' BITE ' (q.v.}. 
[Literally 'to catch conies.'] 
Dekker, in his English Villainies, 
describes the system which is 
obviously the equivalent of the 
modern CONFIDENCE TRICK 
(q.v. ). A society of sharpers of 
this type was called 'a warren,' 
and their dupes ' rabbit-suckers ' 
(that is, baby rabbits), or conies. 
At other times the gang were 
' bird-catchers,' and their quarry 
was ' a gull,' etc. For synonyms, 
see STICK. 

1593. SHAKSPEARE, Tawing of the 
Shrew, v., i. Take heed, signor Baptista, 
lest you be CONNY-CATCHED in this 
business. 

1596. NASHE, Saffron Walden, in 
wks. III., 158. Hereby hee thought to 
CONNY-CATCH the simple world. 

1604. DEKKER, Honest Wk., in wks. 
(1873) II., 12. Why, sister, do you thinke 
He CONNY-CATCH you, when you are my 
cozen ? 

CONY CATCHER, sttbs. (old). A 
cheat ; sharper ; or trickster. 
[From CONY-CATCH, verb (q.v.\ 
+ ER. ] For synonyms, see ROOK. 

1592. JOHN DAY, Blind Beggar, Act 
Hi., Sc. 3, p. 57. We'll go seek out 
those CONY-CATCHERS ; and ere I catch 
them, I'll make them pay soundly all for 
their roguery. 

1599. MINSHEW, Dict.,s.v. ACONIE- 
CATCHER : a name given to deceivers, by 
a metaphor, taken from those that rob 
warrens, and conie-grounds, using all 
means, sleights, and cunning to deceive 
them, as pitching of haies before their 
holes, fetching them in by tumblers, etc. 

1602. ROWLANDS, Greenes Ghost, p. 
3. (Hunterian Club's Repr.) And the 
name of CONICATCHERS is so odious, that 
now a dayes it is had vp, and vsed for an 
opprobrious name for euerie one that 
sheweth the least occasion for deceit. 



Cony-Catching. *73 



Cook. 



1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, ch. 
xxiii. Marry, thou hast me on the hip 
there, thou old miserly CONY-CATCHER ! 

CONY-CATCHING, verbal subs. (old). 
Cheating ; trickery ; swindling 
after the manner of CONY- 
CATCHERS (q.v.)- Shakspeare, 
says Nares, has once used it to 
express harmless roguery, play- 
ing jocular tricks, and no more 
[seeqaot., 1593]. For synonyms, 
see SELL. 

1592. GREENE, Groundwork of Canny- 
Catching, p. 2. ... this booke, wherein 
thou shall find the ground-worke of CONNY- 

CATCHING. 

1593. SHAKSPEARE, Taming of the 
Shrew, iv., i. Come, you are so full of 

CONYCATCHING. 

1608. MIDDLETON, Trick to Catch 
the Old One, III., iv. Thou hast more 
CONY-CATCHING devices than all London. 

1703. WARD, London Spy, pt. XL, 
3. 260. And being almost Drunk, their 



an on CONEY-CATCHING. 



p. 260. 
Brains r 

1884. Daily News, Jan. 5, p. 5, col. 2. 
CONEY-CATCHING, or its modern equiva- 
lent, the confidence trick. 

Ppl. adj. (old). Mutatis fnu- 
tandis, the same as the substan- 
tive (q.v.}. 

159*5. SHAKSPEARE, Merry Wives of 
Windsor, i., i. Marry, sir, I have matter 
in my head against you ; and. against your 
CONEY-CATCHING rascals, Bardolph Nym, 
and Pistol. 

1596. BEN , JONSON, Every Man in 
His Humour, iii., i. Whoreson CONEY- 
CATCHING rascal 1 I could eat the very 
hilts for anger. 

COO-E-E-E, or Coo-EY, subs. (Aus- 
tralian). A signal cry of the 
Australian blackfellow, adopted 
by the invading whites. The 
final ' e ' is a very high note, a 
sort of prolonged screech, that 
resounds for miles through the 
bush, and thus enables parties 
that have lost each other to 
ascertain their relative positions. 



1883. _ Graphic, July 7, p. 6, col. 3. 
COO-E-E is the Australian cry for help. 
When the two hands are used, and the 
coo properly pitched, it can be heard a 
wonderful distance. Whenever a COO-E-E 
is heard in the bush it is a matter of con- 
science to answer it and see what is 
arnLs. 

. 1887; G: L. APPERSON, in All the 
Year Round, 30 July, p. 67, col. i. A 
common mode of expression is to be ' within 
COOEY ' of a place. Originally, no doubt, 
this meant to be within the distance at 
which the well-known COOEY or bush cry, 
could be heard ; now it simply means 
within easy reach of a place. To be 
'within, COOEY' of Sydney is to be at 
the distance of an easy journey there- 
from. 

1889. E. S. RAWSON, In Australian 
Wilds. ' A Queensla,nd Mystery.' It is 
solely on this^ or the mad theory, that 
one could account for the startling effects 
of Jim's COOEE or otherwise to the be- 
lated wanderer it would have been a 
revelation of joy and rescue. 

COOK, verb (colloquial). i. To 
tamper with, garble, or falsify. 
Accounts are COOKED when so 
altered as to look better than they 
are. Pictures are COOKED when 
dodged-up for sale. Painters say 
that a picture will not COOK when 
it is so excellent as to be b'eyond 
imitation. 

1751. SMOLLETT, Peregrine Pickle, 
ch. xcviii. Some falsified printed accounts, 
artfully COOKED up, on purpose to mislead 
and deceive. 

1856. Punch, vol. XXXI., p. 189. 
' Advertisement of Bubble Bank Book- 
keeping,' by Prof. McDooall. It is 
remarkable especially for the facilities it 
offers for COOKING the accounts, as it 
entirely prevents any possibility of 
checking them. 

18H3. C. READE, Hard Cash, Hi, p. 
19. When A. has been looking up to B 
for thirty years, he cannot look down 
on him all of a sudden, just because he 
catches him falsifying accounts. Why, 
man is a COOKING animal ; commercial 
man especially. 

1871. The Athenaeum, 4 Feb. The 
great work of art of Ivan Turgeneff, 
the Notes by a Sportsman had been what 
is vulgarly called COOKED for the French 
markets. 



Cook. 



i74 



Cook. 



1872. SPENCER, Study of Sociology, 
ch. yi., p. 119 (9 ed.). The dishonesty 
implied in the adulterations of tradesmen 
and manufacturers ... in COOKING of 
railway accounts and financial pros- 
pectuses. 

1888. GRANT ALLEN, This Mortal Coil, 
ch. v. Where Warren Relf was seated 
COOKING a sky in one of his hasty seaside 
sketches. 



134 



1890. Saturday Review, i Feb., p. 
_ ,, col. i. We referred, in our last article 
upon this [gambling] subject, to the Pat is 
Mutuels, and explained their working. 
Now money has to be found somehow for 
the poorer classes to get to the Mutuel 
and back their fancies, and the clerk 
COOKS his books, and the shop-boy ' fingers 
the till. 1 

2. See COOK ONE'S GOOSE, of 
which it is an abbreviation. 

3. (colloquial). To swelter 
with heat and sweat. In this 
sense the Fourbesque has ansare ; 
literally * to be out of breath.' 

To COOK ONE'S GOOSE, -verbal 
phr. (common). To ' settle ' ; 
' worst ' ; kill ; or ruin. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. To 
anodyne ; to put to bed ; to snuff 
out ; to give, or cook one's 
gruel ; to corpse ; to cooper up ; 
to wipe out ; to spiflicate ; to 
settle, or settle one's hash ; to 
squash; to shut up; to send to pot; 
to smash; to finish; to do for ; to 
bugger up ; to put one's light out ; 
to stop one's little game ; to 
stop one's galloping ; to put on 
an extinguisher ; to clap a 
stopper on ; to bottle up ; to 
squelch; to play hell (orbuggeiy) 
with ; to rot ; to squash up ; to 
stash; to give a croaker. For 
synonyms in the sense of cir- 
cumvention, see FLOORED. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Avoir 
son affaire (familiar : this aho 
means to have got 'a settler,' 



and ' to be absolutely drunk ' ) ; 
buter (thieves' = ' to kill ' or 
' execute ') ; escarper (thieves') ; 
envoy er essay er une chemise desapin 
(military : literally ' to send one 
to try on a deal shirt.' Cf., 
' wooden surtout ' = coffin) ; faire 
suer un chene (popular : suer = 
to sweat ; chene = cove) ; Jaire 
passer le gout du pain (familiar 
= * to give one his gruel ') ; 
coffier (thieves' : an abbreviation 
of escoffier, to kill) ; conir 
(thieves') ; <#<w/r (thieves' : former- 
ly esbasir; Fourbesque sbasire and 
Germania esbasir] ; mettre a 
f ombre (general = to put in the 
shade) ; endormir (thieves') ; 
entailler (thieves') ; abasonrdir 
(thieves' : properly ' to astound') ; 
chouriner or suriner (thieves' : 
' chourin ' or surin = a knife) ; 
estonrbir (thieves') ; scionner 
(thieves': from sci0n = a. knife); 
faire un machabee (thieves' : in 
cant machabee = a drowned 
corpse. Michel thinks the 
expression originated either in 
the reading of //. Macabees, ch. 
xii., which is still retained in the 
Mass for the Dead, or through 
la danse macabre, the Dance of 
Death shown in the engravings of 
the fourteenth and fifteenth 
centuries); faire flatter un pante 
( popular = to cook one's goose by 
drowning. Plotter = to float, i.e., 
like a corpse) ; crever la paillasse 
(popular : literally ' to rip open 
the mattress') ; laver le linge dans 
la saignante (thieves' : to wash 
linen in blood) : devisserle trognon 
a quelqu'un (popular) ; enionner 
(popular : see Michel) ; estran- 
gouiller (popular = * to strangle ' ; 
from a veterinary term etran- 
guillon = i the strangles') ; tortilh'r 
la vis, or le gaviau (thieves'); 
terrer (thieves' : to * guillotine') ; 
faire la grande soulasse 



Cook. 



175 



Cook. 



(thieves' : soulas, Old French 
= ' solace ' or ' comfort ') ; 
rebatir un pante (thieves') ; sonner 
(popular) ; lingrer (popular) ; 
envoy er ad patres (popular = ' to 
send to one's fathers ') ; envoy er en 
paradis (general = ' to send to 
kingdom-come ') ; envoyer en 
parade (thieves' = ' to send on 
parade ') ; capahtiter (thieves' = 
to get rid of an accomplice to 
secure his share of the booty ; 
sometimes rendered by refroidir 
a la capahut) ; decrocher (mili- 
tary : literally 'to unhook,' 'to 
take down ') ; descendre quel- 
qu'un (popular = to bring down) ; 
couper le sifflet (popular = to 
cut one's whistle) ; watriniset 
(popular : in reference to M. 
Watrin, who was murdered 
by the Decazeville miners in 
1886. C/., the English 'to 
burke'); moucher le qiiinquet 
(popular : ' to snuff the lamp ') ; 
faire saigner du nez (thieves' = 
' to give a bloody nose ') ; sabler 
(thieves') ; faire banque (common] ij 
suager (thieves' : from suer^' to 
sweat'). 



SYNONYMS. Abjetzen 
(to kill by cutting or stabbing) ; 
abmeken, abmacken (Hebrew 
mocho = to put aside, to destroy, 
or to give 'tit for tat.' North 
German afmurksen} ; bekern 
machen (from the Hebrew peger. 
Used of animals it is the equiva- 
lent of krepieren) ; hargenen or 
horeg sein ( ' to kill ' or ' murder. ' 
Horeg, the murderer ; Horug, the 
murdered ; nehros?, murdered ; 
nehrog zverden, to be murdered ; 
Here? or ffaripo, the murder) ; 
heimih^^n ) or heimerlich spiehn 
(heim, a corruption of the 
Hebrew chajim = life) ; Kappore 
machen or fetzen (literally * to 
make purified.' From the He- 



brew kophar) memissen or 
memissren ; die Neschome nehmen 
(Hebrew neschomo, the soul or 
life); pegern or peigern ; rozechenen 
or rozchenen (Hebrew, rozach = 
to kill) \schachten (Hebrew, scho- 
chat}. 

ITALIAN SYNONYM. Sbasirc 
(literally ' to cause to faint ' or 
'swoon.' Sbasire su le juni = 
to swoon on the rope, i.e. t to be 
hanged). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Apretar 
d uno la nuez (properly to clutch 
the Adam's apple, i.e., the 
throat) ; apiolar (properly ' to 
gyve a hawk' or 'to tie game 
together by the legs ' ; and 
metaphorically, ' to seize ' or 
apprehend) j despabilar (literally 
'to snuff a candle.' Cf., Fr. 
moucher le quinquet and the Eng. 
'to put on, an extinguisher ') ; 
apercollfir (also, ' to seize one by 
the collar '). 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and L on. Poor, vol. III., p. 360. When 
the clarences, the cabs that carry four, 
came in, they COOKED the hackney-coach- 
men in no time. 

1853. REV. E. BRADLEY (' Cuthbert 
Bede '), Adventures of Verdant Green, p. 
270. Billy's too big in the Westphalia's 
gig-lamps, you're the boy to COOK Fos- 
brooke's GOOSE. 

1861. A. TROLLOPE, Framley Par- 
sonage, ch. xlii. Chaldicotes, Gagebee, 
is a COOKED GOOSE, as far as Sowerby is 
concerned! And what difference could it 
make to him whether the Duke is to own 
it or Miss Dunstable. 

186?. G. A. SALA , Trip to Barbary, 
ch. v. The first Napoleon . . . once 
nearly killed himself by his addictedness 
to Provensal cookery. Yes ; a mess of 
mutton and garlic 'tis said it was poisoned 
very nearly COOKED THE GOOSE of 
Achilles. 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. ii., p. 128. Seeing how the fellow was 
acting he sent him two 'shise' notes, which 
gave him a dose that COOKED him. I saw 
the man myself, serving his time at 
Dartmoor. 



Cookey. 



176 



Cooler. 



1888. Puck's Library, May, p. 10. 
When the chromo first emerged from 
chaos, the producers of that kind of pic- 
ture insisted that the GOOSE of the artist 
was COOKED. 

COOKEY or COOKIE. To BET A 

COOKIE, verbal pkr. (American). 
The custom of preparing the 
cakes still knowri in Scotland as 
COOKIES was part and parcel of 
American life. [The COOKEY, 
like the English pancake on 
Shrove Tuesday, and the hot 
cross bun on Good Friday, forms 
a special old-fashioned dainty, at 
Christmas-tide and New Year. 
From the Dutch kcekje, dim. of 
keek, a cake.] 

1870. BRET HARTE, Luck of Roar- 
ing Camp, p. 227. Don't know what he 
is ! He lost every hoof and hide, I'll BET A 

COOKEY ! 

1872. Lloyd's Weekly, 28 April. ' Pro- 
bate Court Report.' Might have said she 
would BKT A COOKEY that the will was in 
America. (Laughter.) 

1888. Detroit Free Press, 31 March. 
A book has just been published to instruct 
reporters in ,the use of proper phrases. We 
BET A COOKEY no reporter will ever read it. 

COOKEYSHINE, Subs, (old Scots). 

An afternoon meal at which 
COOKIES (q.v.) form a staple dish. 
Cf. ,TEA-FIGHT,MUFFIN-WORRY, 
etc. (q.v.}. [From COOKEY, a 
small cake, + SHINE (q.v.), an 
entertainment.] 

1863. C. READE, Hard Cash, I., 103. 
Dr. Sampson, log. : We shall see whether 
we are on the right system : and if so, 
we'll dose her with useful society in a more 
irrashinal forrm ; conversaziones, COOKEY- 
SHINES, et cetera. And if we find ourselves 
on the wrong tack, why then we'll hark 
back. 

COOK-RUFFIAN, stibs. (old). A bad 
or indifferent cook, 'who w< uld 
cook the devil in his feathers.' 

COOL, adj. (colloquial). - I. Imper- 
tinent ; audacious ; calmly impu- 
dent. 



1870. Figaro, 22 May. It is con- 
sidered to be COOL to take a man's hat 
with his name written in it, simply because 
you want to get his autograph. 

COOL AS A CUCUMBER, phr. 
(common). Without heat ; also, 
metaphorically, calm and com- 
posed. 

2. (In reference to money ; 
e.g., a COOL hundred, thousand, 
etc.) Commonly expletive; but 
sometimes used to cover a sum a 
little above the figure stated. 

1750. FIELDING, Tom /ones, bk. 
VIII., ch. xii. Mr. Watson, too, after 
much variety of luck, rose from the table 
in some heat, and declared he had lost a 
COOL hundred, and would play no longer. 

1771. SMOLLETT, Humphry Clinker, 
1. 41. I'll bet a COOL hundred he swings 
before Christmas. 

18251 Miss EDGEWORTH, Love and 
Law, i., 2. Suppose you don't get six- 
pence cos,ts, and lose your COOL hundred 
by it, still it's a great advantage. 

1841. LYTTON, Night and Morning, 
bk. II., ch. x. Borrowed his money under 
pretence of investing it in the New Grand 
Anti-Dry-Rot Company ; COOL hundred 
it's only just gone, sir. 

1890. Illustrated Bits, 29 March, p. 
8, col. 2. I made three thousand last year, 
but if I have good luck this year I shall 
make a COOL fifty thousand. 

3. (Eton College). Ste COOL 
KICK and the following. 

Verb (Eton College). To kick 
hard. 



COOL -CRAPE, subs. (old). A 
shroud, or winding sheet. Grose. 

COOLER, subs. (old). i. A woman. 
Grose [1785]. For synonyms, 
see PETTICOAT. 

1742. CHARLES JOHNSON, Highway- 
men and Pyrates p. 293. ' Not I,' replied 
Jones, very readily, '1 neither know nor 



Cool-Kick. 



177 



Coon. 



care who you are, tho' before you spoke I 
took you for a brewer because you travel 
with your COOLER by your side.' 

2. (American thieves'). A 
prison. For synonyms, see CAGE. 

3. (common). Ale or stout 
after spirits and water. Some- 
times called 'putting the beggar 
on the gentleman ' ; also DAMPER 

(f.V.> 

1821. P. EGAN, Tom and Jerry (ed. 
1890), p. 76. Many persons ... in order 
to allay the heat or thirst arising from the 
pernicious use of such quantities of ardent 
spirits, frequently take a glass of porter, 
which is termed a COOLER, ' a damper," etc. 

COOL-KICK, subs. (Eton College). 
When a BEHIND (q.v.) or 
' back ' gets a kick with no one 
up to him. 

COOL- LADY, subs. (old). A. female 
follower of the camp who sells 
brandy. Grose [1785]. 

COOL-NANTZ, subs, (old). Brandy. 
For synonyms, see DRINKS. 

COOL ONE'S COPPERS, verbal phr. 
(popular). To allay the morn- 
ing's thirst after a night of drink. 
C/. t HOT-COPPERS and DRY AS A 

LIME BASKET. 

1861. T. HUGHES, Tom Brown at 
ford, ch. iii. We were pla 
John in Blake's rooms till three 



Oxford, ch. iii. We were playing Van 
ree last night, 
and he gave us devilled bones and mulled 



port. A fellow can't enjoy his breakfast 
after that without something TO COOL HIS 
COPPERS. 

1870. Sportsman, 17 Dec. 'A Chapel 
Meeting.' Bring me a mouthful, George, 
shouted a grasping Typo one day to his 
churn, who, at the trough in the furthest 
corner of the room, was cooLiNG His COP- 
PERS with cold water. 

COON, subs. (American). I. A 
man. [COON, a curtailment of 
' racoon ' ( Procyon lotor}, is thought 
to be of Indian origin (Algonquin, 



aroughcun, the scratcher), though 
some trace it to the French rat on. 
The contraction dates fiom about 
1840, when the racoon was used 
as a kind of political totem.] 

1860. Punch, vol. XXXIX., p. 227. 
' The Baby in the House.' I sign him, 
said the Curate Howe, O'er Samuel Bur- 
bott George Hethune, Then baby kicked up 
such a row As terrified that reverend COON. 

2. (American). A nigger, 
., a coons' bawdy house = a 
house where none are kept but 
girls of colour. 

GONE COON, subs. phr. 
(American). One in a serious or 
hopeless difficulty. A Scots 
equivalent is GONE CORBIE, t.e. y 
a dead crow. Cf., GONE GOOSE. 
[The explanation generally given 
is that during the American War 
a spy dress- d in racoon skins 
ensconced himself in a tree. An 
English rifleman (the nationalities 
are reversible) levelled his piece 
at him, whereupon the American 
exclaimed : ' Don't shoot, I'll 
come down. I know I am a 

GONE COON.'] 

1845. MR. GIDDINGS, in Congress 
(quoted in De Vere). Besides the acquisi- 
tion of Canada, which is put down on all 
sides as a GONK COON. 

1857, DICKENS, Lying Awake, in 
Reprinted Pieces, p. 192. 1 must think of 
something else as I lie awake ; or, like 
that sagacious animal in the United States 
who recognised the colonel who was such a 
dead shot, I am a GONE COON. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 51. We shan't 
get to your advice till the crack's hocussed 
and done for, and we're all RUINED AS 

SAFE AS COONS. 

1867. London Herald, 23 March, p. 
221, col. 3. ' We're safe to nab him ; safe 
as houses. He's a GONE COON, sir.' 

1883. CALVERLRY, Fly Leaves, p. 83. 
' On the Brink.' She stood so calm, so like 
a ghost, Betwixt me and that magic moon. 
That I already was almost A FINISHED 
COON. 

12 



Ci>oiis Age. 



178 



Cop. 



TO GO THE WHOLE COON, 
verbal phr. (American). = ' To 
go the whole hog.' 

COON'S AGE, subs. phr. (American). 
A long time ; ' a blue moon. ' 
The racoon is held to be a long- 
lived animal. 

b. 1780, d. 1851. AUDUBON, Life, I., 
p. 178. ' Wall, Pete, whar have you been ? 
I hav'n't seen you this COON'S AGE." 

COOP, subs, (thieves'). A prison. 
For synonyms, see CAGE. 

1866. London Miscellany, 3 Mar., p. 
58, col. 3. I don't think that's no little let- 
down for a cove as has been tip-topper in 
his time, and smelt the insides of all the 
COOPS in the three kingdoms; 

1877. J. GREENWOOD, Dick Temple. 
You say that you have been in the COOP as 
many times as I have. 

COOPED-UP, ppL, adj., phr. (old). 
Imprisoned. [From COOP (q.v.), 
a place of detention.] For syno- 
nyms, see LIMBO. 

COOPER or COOPER UP, verb 
(thieves' and vagrants'). I. To 
destroy ; spoil ; settle ; or finish. 

2; (thieves'). To forge; 

3. (American). To under- 
stand. For synonyms, see TWIG. 

COOPERED, pph adj. (racing, 
thieves', and vagrants'). Ho- 
cussed ; spoiled ; ruined ; e.g. , 
a house is said to be COOPERED 
when the importunity of many 
tramps has caused its inmates to 
cold-shoulder the whole frater- 
nity ; a COOPERED horse is a 
horse that has been ' got at ' with 
a view to prevent its running. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon.Poor,\o\. I., p. 232. 'COOPER'D,' 
spoiled by the imprudence of some other 
patterer. 



COOPED, adj. (old). Whipped. 
D. HAGGART, Life, Glossary, p. 
171 [1821]. 

COOT, subs. (American). A stupid 
fellow ; generally * a silly ' or 
'mad old COOT.' Stupid as a 
COOT is a common English pro- 
vincialism . [The fulica altra, the 
bald or common COOT, like the 
ostrich, is said to bury its head 
when pursued, thinking none can 
see it, as it cannot see itself.] For 
synonyms, see BUFFLE-HEAD and 
CABBAGE-HEAD. 

COOTER. See COUTER. 

COP, subs, (common). A police- 
man. [From COP, verb, sense I.] 
For synonyms, see BEAK, sense I, 
and COPPER. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, or 
Rogue's Lexicon, p. 124. Oh ! where will 
be the culls of the bing . . . And all 
the COPS and beaks so knowin', A hun- 
dred stretches hence ? 

1879. Punch, 3 May, p. 201, col. i. 
I suppose if the Toffs took a fancy for 
chewing a stror or a twig, Like a tout or a 
hostler, or tumbled to carryin 1 a bludgeon 
as big As a crib cracker's nobby persuader, 
Pall Mall would be jolly soon gay With 
blue-blooded blokes a green COP might 
mistake for foot-pads on the lay. 

Verb (common). I. To seize ; 
steal ; catch ; take an unfair ad- 
vantage in a bet or bargain. 
[Cop has been associated with 
the root of the Latin cap-io, to 
seize, to snatch ; also with the 
Gypsy kap or cop = to take ; 
Scotch kep ; and "Gallic ceapan. 
Probably, however, its true radix 
is to be found in the Hebrew 
cop = a hand or palm. Low- 
class Jews employ the term, and 
understand it to refer to the act of 
snatching. ] 

[Cop like CHUCK (g.v.), is a sort of 
general utility verb. Thus to COP THE 



Cop. 



179 



Cop. 



NEEDLE = to get angry ; to COP THE 
BULLET or THE DOOR = to get the sack ; 
to COP IT HOT = to be severely clapped ; 
to COP IT (said ol women) = to be got 
with child ; and to COP THE BREWER = 
to be drunk.] 

For synonyms in the sense of 
to steal, see PRIG ; and in the 
sense of to seize, see NAB. 

1864. Manchester Courier^ 13 June. 
' Copper "... a slang name for a police- 
man derived from COP, which is a well 
known and generally used vulgarism for 
' catch. 1 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
Mag., XL., p. 500. I was taken by two 
pals (companions) to an orchard to COP 
(steal) some fruit. 

1883. Punch, Sept. 29, p. 146, col. 2. 
1 Bill's not such a fool as you think ; He'll 
COP my truncheon, pat, Jam the whistle 
into my month, And stretch the Peeler 
flat.' 

1887. W. E. HENLEY, Villotfs 
Straight Tip to all Cross Coves. Booze 
and the blowens COP the lot. 

2. trs. and intrs. (thieves'). 
To arrest ; imprison ; betray ; 
ensnare. 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. To give 
the clinch ; to make one kiss the 
clink ; to accommodate ; to 
nobble; to bag; to box; to fist (old); 
to scoop; to take up; to victimize; 
to run in ; to give or get one the 
boat ; to buckle ; to smug ; to 
nab ; to collar ; to pinch ; to 
nail ; to rope in ; to shake ; to 
pull up. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Eni- 
pioler (thieves') ; tomber au plan 
(thieves' = to be apprehended) ; 
etre mis au plan (thieves' = to 
be imprisoned) ; enfourailler 
(thieves') ; bdcler or bonder 
(thieves' : literally to buckle, 
put a ring to) ; bloquer (military : 
properly to blockade) ; etre le bon 



(popular = to be arrested ; also to 
be the right man) ; boulotter de or 
coucher a la boite (military = to get 
frequently locked up. La grosse 
boite = a prison ; boile aux re- 
flexions = a prison cell) ; mettre 
quelqu'un dans la blouse (familiar 
= to 'pocket,' as at billiards) ; se 
faire cuire (popular = to be ar- 
rested) ; cloiier (popular : clou = 
guard-room or cell) ; caller au bloc 
(popular : caller is properly to 
stick, as with glue, but in a slang 
sense it carries the meaning of to 
place or put ; bloc = prison) ; 
piper (familiar) ; poisser (popular 
and thieves') ; grimer (popular) ; 
cogtier (thieves' : also, to peach or 
inform) ; enflacquer (thieves') ; 
mettre otfOurrer dedans (familiar : 
literally to put inside) ; mettre a 
F ombre (common : literally to put 
in the shade) ; mettre au violon 
(popular : see violon under 
CAGE) ; grappiner (popular) ; 
poser un gluau (thieves' = to 
lime, as in snaring birds) ; 
empoigner (popular = to fist ; 
possibly a dictionary word) ; piger 
(popular) ; emballer (popular and 
thieves' ; properly to pack up) ; 
gripper (this has passed into the 
language) ; encoffrer (popular = 
to 'box up'); encager (familiar 
= to cage) ; accrocher (pro- 
perly to hook) ; ramasser de 
la boite (military : also ramasser 
quelqrfun and se faire remasser} ; 
souffler (thieves') ; faire tomber 
malade (popular = to make one 
ill) ; agrafer (literally to hook or 
clasp ; avoir son linge lave 
(thieves' = to have one's linen 
washed). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Bekaan 
scheften (from the Hebrew kaari) ; 
im Kiihlen sitzen (literally to sit 
in the cold. Cf., Fr., mettre a 
V ombre] \ krank werden (literally 



Copbusy. 



i So 



Copper. 



to fall ill ; equivalent to the Fr. 
faire tomber malade] ; ins Leek 
baun (Viennese thieves.' M.H.G. 
luken = to lock up) ; millek sein 
(to be imprisoned) ; trefe j alien 
(to be apprehended uner grave 
circumstances ; e.g., with burg- 
lar's instruments or stolen goods); 
versargen (to imprison for a long 
time) ; abfassen (students' slang) ; 
ankappen (popular colloquialism) ; 
klemmen (M.H.G. klembern = to 
press heavily); taffen, tofesnehmen, 
tofes lokechnen, or tojes lekichnen 
(from the .Hebrew topkas] ; ver- 
chewehii vercheifeln or verheifeln 
(from the Hebrew chobal\ also to 
bind or gag). 

COPBUSY, verb (thieves'). See 
quot. 

1857; SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 
3 ed., p. 445. To hand over the booty to a 
confederate or girl to COPBUSY. 

COPPER, subs, (popular). A police- 
man. [From COP, verb, senses I 
and 2, (q.v.\ to catch, + ER ; 
literally a catcher.] Equivalents 
are ROBIN or ROBIN-REDBREAST ; 
M.P. (i.e., member of police] ; COP- 
PERMAN (an Australian prison 
term) ; but for synonyms, see 
BEAK, to which may be added the 
following. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un 
chasse - coquin (popular: also = 
a ' beadle' and 'bad wine.' Liter- 
ally ' a beggar-driver ' : Cf., 
chasse-chien = a beadle employed 
to drive away dogs) ; un chasse- 
noble (thieves') ; le cadratin 
(police ; a term applied to ihe 
detective force ; properly what 
printers call an ' em quad ') ; fen- 
plaque (thieves') ; une fauvette & 
tfre noire (thieves' : literally ' a 
bldck-cap ') ; tin bricul or bricule 
(thieves': an inspector of police) ; 



une casserole (thieves' = a detec- 
tive ; also a prostitute. Pro- 
perly 'a saucepan' or warming- 
pan) ; un emballeur (thieves' : 
properly 'a packer'); un ficard 
(thieves') ; un amacq or arnnche 
(thieves'); ttn vesto de la cuisine 
(thieves' = a detective. Vesto 
= haricot bean ; cuisine = de- 
tective force) ; rabatteur de 
f antes (thieves' = a beater of 
game, man being the quarry) ; 
un bigorneau (properly a peri- 
winkle) ; un cognac (thieves') ; 
un quart (pop: faire son quart 
to be on the watch) \ un radis 
noir (common : also = a priest or 
devil - dodger) ; un renifleiir 
(thieves': remfler = to sniff) ; 
mart Robin (thieves'); un 
marchand or sollicetw de lacets 
(thieves' : lacets = hand-cuffs) ; 
laf>m ferre (a mounted police- 
man) ; un liege (thieves'). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Blau- 
kragen (Viennese thieves' : for an 
armed policeman; literally 'a 
blue collar,' in allusion to the 
uniform) ; Blitzableiter (literally 
' the lightning conductor') ; 
Bosser-Isch (a play upon words 
is involved in this term. It is 
derived from the Hebrew bosar 
meat. Bosser - Isck signifies 
literally 'meat-man,' i.e., a 
butcher, Or translated into 
literary German, Fleischmann. 
In the first half of the last century 
a certain Lieutenant Fleisch- 
mann was especially zealous in 
' persecuting ' the robber gangs 
infesting the district between 
Frankfurt and Darmstadt. Every 
hunter of rogues and vagabonds 
has since then been called a 
Bosser - Isch or Fleischmann. 
Hence its application to the 
police) ; Greiferci (specially ap- 
plied to the ' criminal ' police) ; 



Copper. 



181 



Copperheads. 



Hadatsch or Hatschier (Viennese 
thieves') ; aie Herren (the police 
force generally ; literally * the 
gentlemen ') ; Husche, Huscher, 
Husskiefel or Husskopf(p. mounted 
policeman) ; lltis or lltisch 
(thieves') ; Kapdon (from the 
Hebrew kophad : literally ' to 
draw together,' or intransitively 
' to cat off ' ; applied to a clever 
policeman) ; Karten (the police. 
Cf., Garden = guards) ; Koberer 
(the officer in charge of the re- 
gulations over registered prosti- 
tutes ; Koberer = 'fancy-man,' or 
'protector'); Klisto (a mounted 
policeman; from the Hano- 
verian gyp^y glistd) ; Kreuzritter 
(Viennese thieves' = a policeman 
who is also a soldier ; more cor- 
rectly, a police-soldier) ; Lailesch- 
mir (a night policeman ; from 
the Hebrew lailo, ' the night ') ; 
Lateme (Viennese thieves') ; Le- 
deizeug (a mounted policeman) ; 
Mischpoche (a Hebrew word 
signifying ' the family,' ' the 
relations ' ; gang of robbers ; the 
inmates of a prison ; the police 
force taken as a whole) ; Polenk 
or Polente (Hanoverian slang for 
the police; possibly from the 
GyP^y polontschero = 'the night- 
watchman' or 'herdsman'); 
Poliquetsch (a term applied either 
to the force or to a single 
member) ; Quetsch (Cf., fore- 
going) ; Schin (an abbreviation, 
being the Hebrew letter >, for 
the turnkey of a prison, a police- 
man, etc. ; ein plotter Schin, a 
policeman who makes common 
cause with a burglar ; miser Schin, 
a policeman who is hated) ; 
Spinatwtichter (soldiers' for a 
police-soldier ; in allusion to the 
green uniform) ; Spitz or Spitzl 
(a vigilant policeman, from Spitz 
= pointed, from which is de- 
rived Spitz-bube, a thief) ; Teckel 



(Hanoverian for foot-police) ; 
Zaddik (from the Hebrew signify- 
ing " the just ' or ' pious one ' ; 
used sarcastically as a nickname 
for the guardians of the right) ; 
Zenserei (Viennese thieves' : 
Zenserer a police superin- 
tendent. Apparently the modern 
form of the old Sens, Sins, Sons, 
Sims, or Simser, of which the 
derivation is clearly to be found 
in Zentox Cent, from the Centence 
of the Prankish kings, who 
divided the counties into Centence 
and Decania for the purposes of 
administration). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Falcon 
de draghetti (literally ' a hawk 
preying on schoolboys ') ; sbirre. 

SPANISH SYNONYM. Abrazador 
(m ; literally ' one who em- 
braces' ; abrazar = to hug, or 
clasp). 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, or 
Rogues Lexicon, p. 21. ' The knuck was 
copped to rights, a skin full of honey was 
found in his kick's poke by the COPPER 
when he frisked him'; [i.e.] the pick- 
pocket was arrested, and when searched by 
the officer a purse was found in his 
pantaloons pocket full of money. 

1864. Manchester Courier, 13 June. 
The professors of slang, however, having 
coined the word, associate that with the 
metal, and as they pass a policeman they 
will, to annoy him, exhibit a copper coin, 
which is equivalent to calling the officer 

COPPER. 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 237. I daresay the COPPERS 
quite expected us the next night, and 
looked out for us. ... COPPERS, I 
may inform the reader, is slang for police. 

1889. Punch, 3 Aug., p. 49, col. 2. 
Young 'Opkins took the reins, but soon in 
slumber he was sunk (Indignantly) When 
a interfering COPPER ran us in for being 
drunk ! 

COPPERHEADS, subs. (American). 
A nickname applied to differ- 
ent sections of the American 
nation: first to the Indian ; then 



Coppertnan. 



Copy of Countenance. 



to the Dutch colonist (see Irving, 
Knickerbocker] ; lastly, during 
the Civil War, to certain North- 
ern Democrats who sympathised 
with the South. [Properly the 
Trigonocephalus contortrix .~\ 

1864. WALT. WHITMAN, Diary, 10 
April [in Century Mag., Oct., 1888]. 
Exciting times in Congress. The COPPER- 
HEADS are getting furious, and want to 
recognise the Southern Confederacy. 

1872. Daily Telegraph, 29 Aug. 
Should he [Mr. Greeley] be elected, he will 
owe his victory to ... the COPPER- 
HEAD ring of the Democratic party. 

1881. W. D. HOWELI.S, Dr. Breeris 
Practice, ch. ix. He lived to cast a dying 
vote for General Jackson, and his son, the 
first Dr. Mulbridge, survived to illustrate 
the magnanimity of his fellow-townsmen 
during the first year of the civil war, as a 
tolerated COPPERHEAD. 

1888. Daily Inter-Ocean, 2 March. 
Gay was executed, I think, in November, 
1862, at Indianapolis. He was ... a 
virulent COPPERHEAD. 

COPPERMAN, subs. (Australian 
prison). A policeman. Cf., 
COPPER. 



COPPER-NOSE, subs. (old). The 
swollen, pimply nose of habitual 
drunkards. A ' jolly ' or ' bottle ' 
nose ; in Fr., une bette-rave, i.e.^ 
a beetroot ; also un piton passe 
a f encaustique. Cf., GROG- 
BLOSSOM. For synonyms for the 
nose generally, see CONK. 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, 
ch. x. ' The stoutest raven dared not 
come within a yard of that COPPER NOSE. 

COPPER'S NARK, subs, (thieves'). 
A police spy ; one in the pay of 
the police. [From COPPER (q.v.\ 
a policeman, + NARK, a spy ; 
used as a verb NARK signifies to 
watch or look after. ] 

1879. THOS. SATCHELL, in Notes and 
Queries, 5 S., xi., 406. COPPER'S NARK : 
A police spy. 



1887. W. E. HENLEY, Villon s Good 
Night. Likewise you COPPERS' NARKS and 
dubs What pinched me when upon the 



1889. Answers, 20 July, p. 121, col. i. 
He instructed me ... on no account 
to appear to be anxious to pry into their 
secrets, lest I should be mistaken for a 
COPPER'S NARK, i.e., a person in the pay of 
the police. 

COPPERSTICK, subs, (venery). The 
penis. For synonyms, see CREAM- 
STICK. 



COPUS, subs. (Univ.). A wine or 
beer cup, which was commonly 
imposed as a fine upon those who 
talked Latin in hall or committed 
other breaches of etiquette. Dr. 
Johnson derives it from episcopus, 
and if this be correct it is doubt- 
less the same as BISHOP. 



COPY OF COUNTENANCE, subs.phr. 
(old). A sham ; humbug ; pre- 
tence. 

1579. GOSSON, Apol. of the Schoole 
of Abuse, p. 64 (Arber). They have eaten 
bulbief, and threatned highly, too put 
water in my woortes, whensoeuer they 
catche me ; I hope it is but a COPPY OF 

THEIR COUNTENANCE. 

1607. DEKKER, Westward Ho, Act 
ii., Sc. i. I shall love a puritan's face the 
worse, whilst I live, for that COPY OF THY 

COUNTENANCE. 

1637. FLETCHER, Elder Brother, 
V., i. Nor can I change my COPY, if I 
purpose to be of your society. 

1754. FIELDING, Jonathan Wild, bk. 
III., ch. xiv. This, as he atterwards con- 
fessed on his death-bed, i.e., in the court 
at Tyburn, was only a COPY OF HIS COUN- 
TENANCE ; for that he was at that time as 
sincere and hearty in his opposition to Wild 
as any of his companions. 

1756. FOOTE, Englishman from 
Paris, Act i. And if the application for 
my advice is not a COPY OF YOUR COUNTE- 
NANCE, a mask ; if you are obedient, I may 
set you right. 



Coral Branch. 



183 



Cork. 



CORAL BRANCH, subs.phr. (venery). 
Thepents. 

CORE, COREING, verb and verbal 
subs. (old). See quot. 

1821. D. HAGGART, Life, Glossary, 
p. 171. COREING : picking up small 
articles in shops. 

CORINTH, subs. (old). A brothel. 
For synonyms, see NAN NY- SHOP. 
Cf., CORINTHIAN and CORIN- 

THIANISM. 

1609. SHAKSPEARE, Timon of 'Athens, 
Act ii., Sc. 2. Would we could see you 
at Corinth ! 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, or 
Rogue's Lexicon, s.v. 

CORiNTHlAN,.rfo.(old). I. A rake; 
a loose liver ; sometimes specifi- 
cally, a fashionable whore. 
Shakspeare has it, ' a lad of met- 
tle,' but in another place he uses 
CORINTH as above. In the slang 
sense an allusion to the notoriety 
of Corinth as a centre of prosti- 
tution, i.e., the temple-city of 
Aphrodite. KopivOiatvdai, = to 
CORINTHIANISE was Greek slang. 
Hence the proverb Ow irarrog 
avdpoc a'e K6pii/0ov iaO' 6 TrA.of>c : 
and Horace, Epist. lib. I, xvii., 
36 

' Non cuivis homini contingit adire Co- 
rinthum.' 

Also used as an adjective, a 
verbal form being TO CORIN- 
THIANIZE. Cf., Shakspeare's use 
of EPHESIANS in II. King Henry 
IV., ii. 2. For synonyms, see 
MOLROWER. 

1598. SHAKSPEARE, / Henry IV., 
Act ii., Sc. 4. And tell me flatly I am no 
proud Jack, like Falstaff; but a CORIN- 
THIAN, a lad of mettle, a good boy. 

b. 1608. d. 1674. MILTON, Apology for 
Smect. And raps up, without pity, the' 
sage and rheumatic old prelatess, with all 
.heryoung CORINTHIAN laity. 



1890. Daily Telegraph, 25 Feb., p. 4, 
col. 7. Is it not curious that hotel pro- 
prietors [at Monte Carlo] should counte- 
nance, if not encourage, a Tom and Jerry 
tone and a wild CORINTHIAN element, even 
in well-conducted restaurants ? 

1890. HENLEY AND STEVENSON, 
Beau Austin, iii., i. I assure you, Aunt 
Evelina, we are CORINTHIAN to the last 
degree. 

2. A dandy ; specifically ap- 
plied in the early part of the 
present century to a man of 
fashion ; e.g., CORINTHIAN Tom, 
in Pierce Egan's Life in London. 
For synonyms, see DANDY. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Me- 
morial, p. 9. 'Twas diverting to see, as one 
ogled around, How CORINTHIANS and 
Commoners mixed on the ground. 

1832. PIERCE EGAN, Book of Sports, 
p. 210. ' I would be a CORINTHIAN to the 
end of the chapter if I could but the truth 
is, I was not lucky enough to be born a 
swell.' 

1853. WH. MELVILLE, Digby Grand, 
ch. iv. Where the hospitable 'Jem' re- 
ceived his more aristocratic visitors, and to 
whichj as CORINTHIANS, or ' swells,' we 
were immediately admitted. 

1854. THACKERAY, Leech's Pictures 
in Quarterly Review, No. 191, Dec. COR- 
INTHIAN, it appears, was the phrase ap- 
pliecl to men of fashion and ton . . . they 
were the brilliant predecessors of the 
' swell ' of the present period. 

CORINTHIANISM, subs, (old and 
modern). See CORINTHIAN, in 
both senses of which, mutatis 
mutandis, CORINTHIANISM is em- 
ployed. 

CORK, subs, (common). i. A 
bankrupt. For analogous terms, 
see QUIZBY. 

2. (Scotch). The general 
name in Glasgow and neigh- 
bourhood for the head of an 
establishment, e.g., of a. factory, 
or the like. 



Cork-brained. 



184 



Corn. 



To DRAW A CORK, verbal phr. 
(pugilistic). To draw blood. 
A variant is TO TAP ONE'S 

CLARET. 

1818. P. EGAN, Boxiana, vol. I., p. 
136. Severa blows exchanged, but no 
CORKS were DRAWN. 

1819. THOS. MOORE, Tom Crib's 
Mem. to Cong'., p. 25. . . . This being the 
first Royal claret let flow, Since Tom took 
the Holy Alliance in tow, The UNCORKING 
produced much sensation about, As bets 
had \>z.zn flush on the first painted snout. 

1837. S. WARREN, Diary of a Late 
Physician, ch.xii. Tap his claret cask 

DRAW HIS CORK ! 



CORK- BRAIN ED, adj. phr. (old). 
Light headed ; foolish. 



CORKER, subs, (common). i. That 
which closes an argument, or 
puts an end to a course of action ; 
a SETTLER ; a FINISHER (q.v.} ; 
specifically a lie. C/, WHOPPER. 

2. Anything unusually large, 
or of first-rate quality ; remark- 
able in some respect or another ; 
e.g., a heavy blow ; a monstrous 
lie. See WHOPPER. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, i S,, 
ch. xi<c. 'Then I lets him have it, right, 
left, nght, jist three CO'-KERS, beginning 
with the right hand, shifting to the left, 
and then with the right hand ag'in.' 

TO PLAY THE CORKER. To 

indulge in the uncommon ; to 
exhibit exaggerated peculiarities 
of demeanour ; specifically in 
school and university slang to 
make oneself objectionable to 
one's fellows. 

1882. F. ANSTEY, Vice Versa, ch. 
vii. ' Why, you're sticking up for him 
now ! ' said Tom . . . astonished at this 
apparent change of front. ' If you choose 
to come back and PLAY THE CORKER like 
this, it's your look-out.' 



CORKS, subs, (general). i. A 
butler. [An allusion to one of 
the duties of the office.] C/., 
BURN-CRUST, a baker ; MASTER 
OF THE MINT, a gardener; 
CINDER-GARBLER, a maid-of-all- 
work, etc. 

2. (nautical). Money. [A 
facetious allusion to money as 
the means of ' keeping afloat. '] 
For synonyms, see ACTUAL and 
GILT. 

CORKSCREWING, verbal subs, (com 
mon). The straggling, spiral 
walk of tipsiness. 

CORKSCREWS, subs. pi. (general) 
Very stiff and foimal curls, once 
called BOTTLE-SCREWS. 

1890. Notes and Queries, 5 April. 
BOTTLE-SCREWS Dr. Murray has this 
word in the N.E.D. as obsolete, meaning 
COKK-SCREWS, as we now call them. 

CORKY, adj. (colloquial). Spright- 
ly ; lively. [An allusion to the 
buoyancy of a cork.] Shakspeare 
uses it in King Lear, iii., 7. 
Com., 'Bind fast his CORKY arms '; 
but with him (1605) ^ = 
' withered.' 

CORN, suds. (American). i. Food; 
sustenance ; GRUB. [A figura- 
tive usage of the legitimate 
word.] 

1870. Green Bay (Wis.) Gaz., Oct. 
I therefore take thus to forewarn You not 
to trust her with a straw, For I will never 
pay her CORN Unless compelled to by the 
law. 

2. (American). An abbre- 
viated form of CORN-JUICE (q.v.), 
i.e., whiskey. 

1843. JOHN S. ROBB. 'The Standing 
Candidate." 'Ef you war a babby, just 
new born, "Twould do you good this juicy 
CORN ! 



Corned. 



185 



Corner. 



To ACKNOWLEDGE THE CORN, 

phr. (American). See ACKNOW- 
LEDGE, and the following quote : 

1846. ^New York Herald, 27 June. 
The Evening Mirrot very naively comes 
out and ACKNOWLEDGES THE CORN, admits 
that a demand was made, etc. 



CORNED, ppl. adj. (common). i. 
Drunk. [HoTTEN : 'possibly 
from soaking or pickling oneself 
like salt - beef. ' BARRERE : 
* almost beyond doubt ... an 
Americanism from CORN, a 
very common name for whisky.' 
Both are wrong ; the verb ' to 
corn ' is a common provincialism 
and Scotticism signifying ' to 
be drunk.'] For synonyms, see 
SCREWED. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1808. JAMIESON, Etymolog. Diet. 
Scottish, Lang. The lads are weel CORNED. 

1835. HALIBURTON, The Clock- 
maker, p. 257 (ed. 1862). ' I was pretty 
well CORNED thet arternoon, but still I 
knew what I was about.' 



2. (sailors'). Pleased. 



CORNER, subs, (colloquial). i. 
See verbal sense. 

1884. HAWLEY SMART, From Post 
to Fiuisk } p. 309. Mr. Bill Greyson 
thought it much more likely that a 
syndicate of bookmakers had plotted tp 
make a good thing out of the horse by- 
working him in the betting-market like any 
other CORNER on the Stock Exchange. 

2. (sporting). Tattersall's 
Subscription Rooms once situate 
at the top of Grosvenor Place, 
near Hyde Park Corner ; now re- 
moved to Albert Gate, but still 
known by the old nickname. 

1848. W. M. THACKERAY, Book of 
Snobs, ch. x. He is a regular attendant at 
the CORNER, where he compiles a limited 
but comfortable libretto. 



1874. G. A. LAWRENCE, Hagarene, 
ch. v. She heard how without antici- 
pating the stable commission, or making 
any demonstration at the CORNER the 
cream of the long odds against the Pirate 
had been skimmed. 

3. (sporting). Short for 
Tattenham Comer, a crucial 
point on the Derby course on 
Epsom Downs. 

4. (thieves'). A share ; an 
opportunity of ' standing in ' for 
the proceeds of a robbery. 

Verb (colloquial). To get 
control of a stock or commodity 
and so monopolize the market; 
applied to persons, to drive or 
force into a position of difficulty 
or surrender, e.g., in an argu- 
ment. [Probably American, being 
a simple extension of the legiti- 
mate meaning of the word to 
drive or force into a corner or 
place from which there is no 
means of escape.] French 
equivalents are etre en fine 
pegrene, and se mettre sur les fonts 
de bapteme. Tailors speak of a 
man as CORNERED who has 
pawned work entrusted to him, 
and cannot redeem it. Also 
used as &ppl. adj. 

1848. LOWELL, Fable for Critics, 
p. 24. Such [books] as Crusoe might dip 
in, altho' there are few so Outrageously 
CORNERED by fate as poor Crusoe. 

1851. HAWTHORNE, House of Seven 
Gables, ch. v. A recluse, like Hepzibah, 
usually displays remarkable frankness, and 
at least temporary affability, on being 
absolutely CORNERED, and brought to the 
point of personal intercourse. 

1883. Graphic, April 21, p. 406, col. 2. 
Chief member of a ring which has 
CORNERED colza oil thi> winter to such an 
extent that the price has been very con- 
siderably enhanced during the last few 
months. 

TO BE ROUND THE CORNER, 
verbal phr. (common). To get 
round or ahead of one's fellows 



Corner-Man. 



1 86 



Corporation. 



by dishonest cuts, doublings, 
twists, and turns. For synonyms, 
see KNOWING. 

TO TURN THE CORNER, phr. 

(common). To get over the 
worst ; to begin to mend in 
health or fortune. 

To BE CORNERED, verbal phr. 
(common). To be in a 'fix.' 
Fr., fore dans le lac. 

CORNER-MAN or COVE, subs, (com- 
mon). I. A loafer; literally a 
lounger at corners. 

1851. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab, and 
Lon. Poor, IV., 445. I mean by CORNER- 
COVES them sort of men who is always a 
standing at the corners of the streets and 
chaffing respectable folks a-passing by ! 

1885. Chamb. Journal, Feb. 28, p. 
136. Curley Bond was well known in the 
district as a loafer and CORNER-MAN. 

2. (music hall). The ' Bones' 
and ' Tambourine ' in a band of 
negro minstrels. 

CORN SN EGYPT, subs. phr. (collo- 
quial). Plenty of all kinds. 
[Biblical] 

CORNISH DUCK, subs, (trade). 
A pilchard. Cf., YARMOUTH 
CAPON. 

CORN -JuiCE, subs. (American). 
Whiskey. For synonyms, see 
DRINKS. 

1888. Detroit Free Press, May. 
. . . Don't be for ever loafing whar the 

CORN-JUICE flows. 

CORNSTALK, subs. (Australian). 
Generic for persons of European 
descent, but especially applied 
to girls. The children 'of Anglo- 
Australians are generally taller 
and slighter in build than their 
parents. Originally a native of 
New South Wales ; now general. 
Cf.j BANANALANDER. 



1885. Chambers' Journal, March 21, 
p. 191. The stockman a young six-foot 
CORNSTALK (or native of New South 
Wales). 

1887. G. L. APPERSON, in All the Year 
Round, 30 July, p. 67, col. 2. A native of 
New South Wales is known as a CORN- 
STALK. 

1888. Colonies and India, 14 Nov. 
Auld Jamie Inglis has written 'anither 
buik, ye ken ' ... for the delectation 
of the youthful CORNSTALK'S mind. 



CORNSTEALERS, subs. (American). 
The hands. For synonyms, see 
BUNCH OF FIVES and DADDLE. 

1835. HALIBURTON (' Sam Slick '), 
The Clock maker. ' How is you been, my 
old bullock ? ' and he squeezed his CORN- 
STEALERS till the old gineral began to 
dance like a bear on red-hot iron. 



CORNY-FACED, adj. (old). Red 
and pimply with drink. [From 
CORN, to render intoxicated, + 

FACED.] 

CORONER, subs, (common). A 
severe fall. [Literally a fall 
likely to produce a coroner's 
inquest. ] 

CORPORAL, To MOUNT A CORPORAL 
AND FOUR, verbal phr. (old). 
To practice masturbation. See 
FRIG. 

CORPORATION, subs, (colloquial). 
A protuberant stomach. For 
synonyms, see BREAD-BASKET 
and VICTUALLING OFFICE. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 

1849. C. BRONTE, Shirley, ch. xvi. 
The former, looming large in full canoni- 
cals, walking as became a beneficed priest, 
under the canopy of a shovel hat, with the 
dignity of an ample CORPORATION. 

1887. W. P. FRITH, Autobiog., i., 49. 
Very stout men .... each possessing 
larger CORPORATIONS than are commonly 
seen. 



Corpse. 



187 



Costard. 



CORPSE, subs, (sporting). A horse 
in the betting for market pur- 
poses alone ; otherwise A 
STIFF'UN. See COCK, suds., 
sense 4. 

Verb (theatrical). I. To con- 
fuse ; ' to queer ' ; to blunder 
and so * put out ' one's fellows : 
to spoil a scene. See REGULAR 
CORPSER. 

1864. HOTTEN, Slang Diet., s.v. 

1886. Graphic, April 10, p. 399. An 
actor who forgets his words is said to 
' stick,' or be ' CORPSED.' 

1886. Cornhill Mag., Oct., p. 436. 
He expressed a hope that Miss Tudor 
' wouldn't CORPSE his business ' over the 
forge-door again that evening. 

2. (common). To kill (liter- 
ally to make a corpse of one). 
A Fr. equivalent is parler sur 
quelqitun. For synonyms, see 
COOK ONE'S GOOSE. 

1884. EDITOR of Notes and Queries 
[in ' Answers to Correspondents ' (6 S. , 
ix., 120), says that]. 'To CORPSE ... is 
one of many customary and coarse ways 
of menacing the infliction of death. It is 
horribly familiar in London.' 

1887. W. E. HENLEY AND R. L. 
STEVENSON, Deacon Brodie, Act 4. 
MOORE. And is he thundering well 
CORPSED? . . . Then damme, I don't 
mind swinging. 

CORPSE-PROVIDER,^/^, (common). 
A doctor or physician. For 
synonyms, see CROCUS. 



fo.^r. (Ameri- 
can). A mixed drink. See 
DRINKS. 

1871. Birmingham Daily Post, 22 
Dec. And our American refreshment bars, 
In drinks of all descriptions cut a dash, 
From CORPSE REVIVERS down to ' brandy 
smash." 

1883. Daily Telegraph, March 8, 
p. 7, col. i. In winter the dash into the 
open air or the standing for a few minutes 
in a line of comrades will certainly enhance 
the joys of the English equivalents for the 
Yankee CORPSE REVIVER. 



CORRECT or K'RECT CARD. See 

CARD. 

CORROBOREE, subs. (Australian). 
A disturbance. [Properly a 
tremendous native dance.] 

Verb. To boil. See pre- 
ceding. 

CORSICAN, subs, (sporting). Some- 
thing out of the common ; a 
' buster.' [A ' Burnandism.'] 

1889. Polytechnic Mag., 18 April, 
p. 232, col. 2. This heat was a CORSICAN. 



CORYBUNGUS, subs, (pugilistic). 
The posteriors. See BLIND 
CHEEKS, BUM, and MONOCULAR 

EYE GLASS. 

COSH, szibs. (popular and thieves'). 
A neddy ' ; a life-preserver ; 
a short, loaded bludgeon. Also 
a policeman's truncheon. 

COSOUSE. See COME SOUSE. 

COSSACK, subs, (common). A po- 
liceman. For synonyms, see 
BEAK and COPPER. 

1886. Graphic, Jan. 30, p. 130, col. 
i. A policeman is also called a ' COSSACK,' 
a ' Philistine,' and a ' frog.' 

COSTARD, subs. (old). The head. 
[Properly an apple.] For 
synonyms, see CRUMPET. 

1534. N. UDALL, Roister Doister, 
III., v., p. 58 (Arber). I knocke youre 
COSTARDE if ye offer to strike me. 

1605. SHAKSPEARE, King Lear, Act 
iv. Sc. 6. Edg. . . . Nay, come not near 
th' old man ; keep out, che vor ye, or ise 
try whether your COSTARD or my bat 
be the harder. 

1787. GROSE, Prov. Glossary, COS- 
TARD, the head ; a kind of opprobrious 
wordj used by way of contempt, probably 
alluding to a costard apple. 



Cotch. 



1 88 



Cotton To. 



1817. SCOTT, Rob Roy, ch. xii. ' It's 
hard I should get raps over the COSTARD.' 

COTCH, verb (vulgar). To catch. 
[A corruption.] Also ppl. adj., 

COTCHED. 

1889. Pall Mall Gaz., Oct. 12, p. 5, 
col. 2. Taken before some French beak 
whom he did not know, and an interpreter 
brought, the COTCHED culprit was made to 
pay 20 f. 

COTS, subs. (Christ's Hospital). 
See quot. [A corruption of 
'cotton.'] 

1810. CHARLES LAMB, Recollections 
of Christ's Hospital [1835], p. 24. The 
COTS, or superior Shoe Strings of the 
Monitors. 

COTSOLD or COTSWOLD LION, subs, 
r. (old). A sheep. Mentioned 
Ray in his proverbs. For 
synonyms, see WOOL-BIRD. 

1615. HARINGTON, Epigrams, bk. 
III., ep. 18. Lo then the mystery from 
whence the name Of COTSOLD LYONS first 
to England came. 

COTTON -LORD or KING, subs, (com? 
mon). A wealthy cotton manu- 
facturer. 

1883. HAWLEY SMART, Hard Lines, 
ch. xix. ' But, Mr. Fulsby [a Manchester 
man], the country wilj never ... dp 
away with the army because you COTTON 
LOKDS consider it unnecessary.' 

COTTONOPOLJS, subs, (general). 
Manchester. [In allusion to the 
staple.] Cf., ALBERTO POLIS, 
CUBITOPOLIS, HYGEIAPOLIS. 

1884. Echo, May 12, p. 4, col. 2. For 
the big race [Manchester Cup] at COT- 
TONOPOLIS a fine lot are let in. 

COTTONS, subs. (Stock Exchange). 
Confederate Bonds. [From 
the staple pf the Southerp 
States. ] 



COTTON To, verb (common). To 
take a fancy to ; to unite with ; 
to agree with. In the last sense 
it is found occasionally in the 
Elizabethan writers, and is 
American by survival. [As re- 
gards derivation, it comes from 
the Welsh cytuno, to agree, to 
consent. ] 

Some French analogues 
are : Avoir un beguin pour 
quelqrfun and avoir un pepin 
pour une femme ; one who 
COTTONS TO another is by 
students called un colleur ; while 
concubinage by sheer force of 
habit is damned as le collage. 

1582. STANYHURST, Virgil, p. 19 
(Arber). If this geare GOTTEN, what 
wight wyl yeelde to myn aulters Bright 
honor and Saci ifice. 

1605. Play of Stucley, I., 290. John 
a Nokes and John a Style and I cannot 

COTTON. 

1837. B ARH AM, I. L . ( The Bagman's 
Story), For when once Madam Fortune 
deals out her hard raps, It's amazing to 
think, How one COTTONS to drink ! 

1846. Punch, vol. II., p. 12. I agree 
in the words of Mrs. Judy, who says, 
' My dear, I hope one day to see Peel and 
Cobden COTTON together. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 152. 'You stop 
here and COTTON UP TO the gipsies,' 
exclaimed Charley Brickwood. 

1880. OUIDA, Moths, ch. vii. ' Ride? 
Ah ! That's a thing I don't COTTON TO 
anyhow,' said Miss Fuschia Leach, who 
had found that her talent did not lie that 
way. 

TO DIE WITH COTTON IN 

ONE'S EARS, phr. (obsolete). 
See quots. 

1821. P. EGAN, Tom and Jerry [ed 
1890), p. 92. Many of the most hardened 
and desperate offenders, from the kindness, 
attention, and soothing conduct of the Rev. 
Mr. Cotton [the chaplain at Newgate, 
1821], who is indefatigable in administering 
consolation to their troubled minds, have 
become the most sincere penitents. 

1864. Athenceum, 29 Oct., No. 1931. 
Rev. of SI, Diet.' When a late chaplain 



Cotton- Top. 



189 



Counter. 



of Newgate [Rev. Mr. Cotton] used to 
attend poor wretches to the scaffold, stand- 
ing by their side to the last moment, they 
were said to ' DIE WITH COTTON IN THEIR 
EARS !' Let us add here, that Rowe in- 
vented the phrase ' launched into eternity, 1 
to signify the simple but solemn matter of 
hanging. 

This was by no means the only 
instance of a popular punning 
allusion to the name of Cotton. 
The Jesuit Father Coton, having 
obtained a great ascendency 
over Henri IV., it was remarked 
by that monarch's subjects that, 
unfortunately, ' HIS EARS WERE 

STUFFED WITH COTTON.' 

COTTON-TOP, subs, (obsolete). 
A woman loose in fact, but 
keeping up some sort ot appear- 
ance. [In allusion to cotton 
stockings with silk feet. ] 

COUCH A HOGSHEAD, verbal phr. 
(old). To lie down and sleep. 
[CoucH, to lie down, was in 
common use in Shakspeare's time 
(Merry Wives of Windsor ^ v. , 2). 
HOGSHEAD = the head*] See, 
however, quot., 1610, and for 
synonyms, see BALMY. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 66. 
To COUCH A HOGSHEAD \ to ly downe and 
slepe. Ibid; I COUCHED A HOGSHEAD in a 
skypper this darkemans. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 38 (H. Club's Repr., 1874). COWCH A 
HOGSHEAD : to lie doune and sleepe ; this 
phrase is like an Alminacke that is out of 
date : now the duch word to slope is with 
them vsed, to sleepe, and liggen, to lie 
downe. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. iv., p. 37 (1874). The fumes of 
drink had now ascended into their brain, 
wherefore they COUCHT A HOGS-HEAD, and 
went to sleep. 

1706. E. COLES, Eng . Diet. , s.v. 

1818. SCOTT, Heart of Midlothian, 
ch. xxx. ' We'll COUCH A HOGSHEAD, and 
so better had you. They retired to repose, 
accordingly. 



COUNCILLQR OF THE PlPOWDER 

COURT, subs, (old). A pettifog- 
ging lawyer. [The Pipowder 
Court was one held at fairs, 
where justice was done to any in- 
jured person before the dust of 
the fair was off his feet ; the name 
being derived from the French 
pie poudre. Some, however, think 
that it had its origin in pied-poul- 
drtux, a pedlar, and signifies a 
pedlars' court. 

COUNCIL-OF-TEN, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). The toes of a man who 
walks DUCK-FOOTED (q.v.\ Cf., 

TEN COMMANDMENTS. Ft., 



COUNSELLOR, subs. (Irish). A bar- 
rister. Fr. , un gerbier. 

1889. Answers, 9 Feb. I referred 
him to my solicitors, who very kindly lent 
their services for nothing, giving the 3 he 
had to the COUNSELLOR (thieves always 
call barristers COUNSELLORS) employed. 



COUNT, subs, (common). A man of 
fashion ; a swell. ^quot., 1883, 
and DANDY for synonyms. 

1859. SALA, Twice Round the Clock, 
6 p.m., par. 2Oi Tremendous COUNTS are 
the clerks in the secretary's office, jaunty 
bureaucrats, who ride upon park hacks, 
and are ' come for ' by ringlets in broughams 
at closing time. 

1883. G. A. S[ALA], in ///. London 
News, April 21, p. 379, col. 2. Fops 
flourished before my time, but I can re- 
member the 'dandy,' who was superseded 
by the COUNT, the 'toff,' and other varie- 
ties of the ' swell. 



COUNTER, verb (pugilistic). To 
strike while parrying. Also used 
as a verbal subs., COUNTERING. 
Figuratively, to oppose ; to cir- 
cumvent. 

1853. C. BEDE, Verdant Green, pt. 
I., p. 106. His kissing traps COUNTERED, 
his ribs roasted. 



Counterfeit- Cranke. 1 9 



County-Crop. 



1857. O. W. HOLMES, Autocrat of 
the Breakfast Table, ch. vii. He will 
certainly knock the little man's head off, if 
he strikes him. Feinting, dodging, stop- 
ping, hitting, COUNTERING little man's 
head not off yet. 

1871. Daily News, 17 April, p. 2, 
col. 2. The Jockey Club met on Wed- 
nesday last, when they COUNTERED the 
Hunt Committee ... by refusing to 
father the said ' wrangling stakes ' by a 
majority of eleven to three. 

1873. Consei vative, 1 5 Feb. If 'The 
Druid ' is the prettier sparrer, ' The ^Edile ' 
must be admitted to have shown unex- 
pected powers of COUNTERING, and has 
stood up gamely to his bigger opponent. 

ANOTHER LIE NAILED TO THE 
COUNTER. See ANOTHER. 



COUNTERFEIT-CRANKE, subs. (old). 
Explained in quots. Set 
CRANKE. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat. These that 

do COUNTERFET THE CRANKE be yong 

knaves and yonge harlots, that deeply dis- 
semble the falling sickness; 

1621. BURTON, Anatomy of Melan- 
choly, p. 159. A lawyer of Bruges hath 
some notable examples of such COUNTER- 
FEIT CRANKS. Ibid, 436. Thou art a 
COUNTERFEIT CRANK; a cheater. 

1622. FLETCHER, Beggars Bush, ii., 
i. And these, what name or title e'er they 
bear, Jarkman, or Patrico, CRANKE, or 
Clapper-dudgeon, Frater, or Abram-man, 
I speak to all That stand in fair election for 
the title Of king of beggars. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. v., p. 39 (1874),. s.v. 

COUNTER-JUMPER (or SKIPPER), 
subs, (common). Adraper's assis- 
tant ; a shopman. Fr. , chevalier 
du metre. For synonyms, see 
KNIGHT OF THE YARD. Also 
COUNTER-JUMP = to act as a shop- 
assistant, and COUNTER-JUMPING, 
verbal subs. 

1855. C. KINGSLEY, Westward Ho. 
' Why,' said he, stifling his anger, ' it 
seems free enough to every COUNTER- 
JUMPER in the town.' 

1860. Guide to Eton, p. 236. They 
are like the young COUNTER-JUMPER, men- 



tioned by Dickens, on the outside of a 
coach, who lighted a great many cigars, 
and threw them away when he thought no 
one was looking. 

1863. C. READE, Hard Cash, II., 
189. Mamma, dear, you open that gigan- 
tic wardrobe of yours, and I'll oil my hair, 
whitewash my mug (a little moan from Mrs. 
D.), and do the COUNTER-JUMPING business 
to the life. 

1864. G. A. SALA, in Temple Bar, 
Dec., p. 40. He is as dextrous as a 
Regent Street COUNTER-JUMPER in the 
questionable art of ' shaving the ladies.' 

1876. M. E. BRADDON, Joshua 
Haggard, ch. viii. I don't want my son 
and heir to keep company with COUNTER 

JUMPERS. 

GOUNT-NOSES, verbal phr. (parlia- 
mentary). To count the 'Ayes' 
and ' ft oes. ' [A punning allusion 
to the latter.] Generally, to take 
the sense of any assembly. 



COUNTRY, subs, (cricket). That 
part of the ground at a great dis- 
tance from the wicket ; thus, a 
fielder at * deep - long - off,' or 
* long-on ' is said ' to be in the 
COUNTRY,' and a ball hit to the 
far boundary is 'hit into the 
COUNTRY.' 

COUNTRY- PUT, subs. (old). An 
ignorant, country fellow. For 
synonyms, see JOSKIN. 

1717. MRS. CENTLIVRE, Bold Stroke 
for a Wife, Act iv., Sc. 2. Col. F. 
Enough. Now for the COUNTRY-PUT. 

COUNTY- CROP, subs, (general). 
The hair cut close to the skull ; 
a mode once common to all 
prisoners, but now to convicts 
only. Also PRISON-CROP. [An 
abbreviation of COUNTY-PRISON 
CROP.] Used likewise adjectively. 

1867. JAS. GREENWOOD, Unsent. 
Joiirneys, xxv., 199. A slangy, low- 



Couple-beggar. 



191 



Cove. 



browed, bull-necked, COUNTY -CROPPED 
. . . crew. 

COUPLE- ( also BUCKLE-) BEGGAR, 

subs, (old). A celebrant ot irreg- 
ular marriages as the Chaplain 
of the Fleet; a hedge priest. A 
Spanish colloquialism for such a 
marriage is bodijo. 

1737. SWIFT, Proposal for Badges to 
the Beggars. Nay, their happiness is often 
deferred until they find credit to borrow, or 
cunning to steal, a shilling to pay their 
popish priest, or infamous COUPLE-BEGGAR. 

1842. LEVER, Handy Andy, ch. xxix. 
This was a degraded clergyman, known in 
Ireland under the title of COUPLE-BEGGAR, 
who was ready to perform irregular 
marriages on such urgent occasions as the 
present. 

COUPLE OF SHAKES. See BRACE 

OF SHAKES. 

COUPLING-HOUSE, suds. (old). A 
brothel. [From COUPLING, the 
act of copulating, -T-HOU^E.] For 
synonyms, see NANNY-SHOP. 

COURANNE. See CAROON; 



r#fo. (old). A beau, 
For synonyms; see 



swell.' 



DANDY. 



COURT HOLY WATER or COURT 

PROMiSES,.rafo./>r. (old). Fair 
speeches without performance. 

COUSIN BETTY, subs, (colloquial): 
A half- willed person. For syno- 
nyms, see BUFFLE and CABBAGE- 
HEAD. 

I860. MRS. GASKELL, Sylvia's 
Lozters, ch. xiv. I dunnot think there's 
a man living or dead for that matter 
as can say Foster's wrong him of a penny, 
or gave short measure to a child or a 

COUSIN BETTY. 

COUSIN TRUMPS, subs. (old). One 
of a kind : brother smut ; brother 
chip. 



1825. English Spy, p. 255. Most 
noMe cracks, and worthy COUSIN-TRUMPS, 
etc. 

COUTER or COOTER, subs, (com- 
mon). A sovereign. For syno- 
nyms, see CANARY, sense 3. 
HALF A COUTER = half-a-sove- 
reign. 
1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant (3 

ed.), p. 444, s.v. 

1877. Five Years Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 243. ' A foulcher, with flimsies 
and COUTERS for a score of quid in it.' 

1880. JAMES PAYN, A Confidential 
Agent, I., 207. ' Well, tie gave us half a 
COUTER at all events,' pleaded John in 
mitigation. 

COVE, COVEY, COFE, CUFFING, 

and, in the feminine, COVESS, 
subs, (general). I. A person; 
a companion. [Some derive 
COVE from the Gypsy cova^ covo 
that man, com that woman ; 
Cova, says Pott (quoted in 
Annandale), has a far wider 
application than the Latin res ; 
there is no expression more fre- 
quent in a gypsy's mouth. Oihers 
connect it with the north country 
coofi a lout or dolt.] COVE enters 
into many combinations : e.g., 
CROSS -COVE = a robber. 
FLASH-COVE = a thief of 

swindler. 

KINCHIN-COVE = a little man. 
FLOGGING-COVE = a beadle. 
SMACKING-COVE = a coachman. 
NARRY-COVE = a drunkard. 
TOPPING-COVE = a highway- 
man. 

ABRAM-COVE = a beggar. 
QUEER-COVE = a rogue. 
NUBBING-COVE = the hangman. 
GENTRY-COVE = a gentleman. 
DOWNY-COVE = shrewd man. 
RUM-COVE = a doubtful 

character. 
NIB-COVE = a gentleman, 

etc., etc., etc., all which see. 



Cove. 



192 



Cove. 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Boy ; 
chap ; cull ; cully ; customer ; 
kidoy ; homo or omee ; fish ; put ; 
bloke ; gloak ; party ; cuss ; 
codger ; butfer ; gaffer ; dam her ; 
duck ; chip. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Bete & 
pain (popular : literally a bread- 
eater ; also a man who ' keeps ' 
a woman) ; un bonhomme (fami- 
liar) ; un type (prostitutes' = a 
dupe) ; un gonce, gonse or gonze, 
and une gonzesse (thieves') ; un 
goncier (thieves') ; un gonsale 
(thieves'); ungadouille ; un mere 
or niert ; un pante (thieves' : 
from pantm> a puppet); un mastic 
(thieves': properly cement or 
putty) ; tine mazette (military); 
une mecque (thieves'); un mar- 
quant (thieves' : especially applied 
to bullies or Sunday-men) ; un 
marpaut or marp'au (old cant); 
un lander (thieves') ; un lascar 
(thieves') ; un messier or 
messiere (thieves': from meziere, 
a fool) ; un orgtte (thieves') ; un 
gas (thieves' ) ; un gosselin (popu- 
lar = Eng. covey ; une fignole 
gosseline = a 'natty piece'); un 
gniasse (thieves') ; un loncegtie 
(thieves'). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Baal 
(perhaps one of the most compre- 
hensive terms in the Gauner- 
sprache, and signifying not only a 
'cove' [i.e. , an individual], but 
also a master, husband, possessor, 
artist, expert, artisan in fact, 
one owning or capable of any- 
thing. Combinations are Balbajis, 
Balbos [fern. Balboste, Balboeste\ 
= master of the house ; Baldower 
= a principal or leader of a gang, 
an adviser, the creater of oppor- 
tunities, the spy ; Baleze, Baleize 
= an adviser, also a chief of 
police ; Balhoche [from Baal and 



hocho (there)], prostitutes' = ' one 
in possession ' but removeable ; 
Balhoche (thieved) = one with an 
opportunity of theft ; Balhei is 
merely the abbreviation of Baal- 
he or hei ; Balmassematten [masso 
uinattan\ the business man, the 
leader of a gang ; Balmelocho, 
the artisan ; Balmelochestift, ihe 
artisan's apprentice ; Balplete, 
Balpleite, the runaway ; Balscho- 
chad, any orhcial who takes bribes; 
Batspiess = a common lodging- 
house ; Balm, Balmach, Bal- 
machan, Palm, Palmer, Pal mac k t 
Pallmack, Pallmagen = 2i soldier ; 
the Hanov. has Palemachome 
[Palemachen, Pallemacher\ ; Bal- 
versckmai = an inquisitor or 
judge) ; Brooker (Hanoverian = 
one in trousers, from the .North 
German Broek or Bracca, trou- 
sers) ; Gatscho (from the Gypsy 
gaxo} ; Isch (from the Hebrew 
isch.}. 

1567. HARM AN, Caveat. COFE : a 
person. 

1609. DEKKER, Lanthome and 
Candlelight, in wks. (Grosart) III., 196. 
The word COVE, or COFE, or CUFFIN, 
signifies a Man, a Fellow, etc. 

1654. WITTS, Recreations. As priest 
of the game, And prelate of the same, 
There's a gentry COVE here. 

1714. Memoirs of John Hall (4 ed.), 

P. 12, S.V. 

1837. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, ch. x. 
' Do you see that old COVE at the book- 
stall ? ' 

^1849. C. KINGSLEY, Alton Locke, 
ch. ii. : [a misquotation of a far older song.] 
' The ministers talk a great deal about 
port, And they makes Cape wine very 
dear, But blow their hi's if ever they tries, 
To deprive a poor COVE of his beer.' 

1871. Figaro, 15 April. We need 
hardly say that the COVE in question is not 
a man. 

[For examples of the use of 
COVEY and COVESS, see same.] 



Coven t- Ga rden . 



193 



Cover. 



2. (Up-country Australian). 
The master, ' boss,' or 'gaffer ' 
of a sheep station. 

COVE OF DOSSING-REN, subs, 
phr. (thieves'). The landlord of 
a common lodging-house. Fr tJ 
marchand de sonuneil. 

COVENT-GARDEN, subs, (rhyming 
slang). A ' farden ' or farthing. 

COVENT-GARDEN ABBESS, subs. 
(old). A procuress. [Covent 
Garden at one time teemec with 
brothels : as Fielding's Covent 
Garden Tragedy (1751-2) sug- 
gests. Cf., BANK SIDE j. A DIES 
and BARNWELL AGUE.] See Coj 

VENT-GARDEN AGUE and ABBESS. 

For synonyms, see Mo i HER. 

COVENT-GARDEN AGUE, subs. phr. 
(old). A venereal disease. [ \n 
allusion to brothels in ihe neigh- 
bourhood m question.] CV., BANK- 
SIDE LADIES. For synonyms, see 

L\DIES' FEVER. 

COVENT-GARDEN NUN, subs. phr. 
(old). A prostitute. \See CO- 
VENT-GARDEN AGUE and NUN.] 

COVENTRY. To SEND ONE TO, or 

TO BE IN COVENTRY, verbal phr. 
(colloquial). To exclude from 
social intercourse, or notice ; to 
be in disgrace. [Variously but 
indecisively ex plained: (i) From 
Coventry Gaol, as a place of im- 
prisonment for Royalists during 
the Parliamentary war. (2) From 
the fact that ia Coventry, as 
elsewhere, the privilege of trading 
was anciently confined to cer- 
tain privileged persons. (3) As 
a corruption of PUT or SENT 
INTO QUARANTINE, the transi- 
tion from ' Coventry ' formerly 
pronounced and written Cointrie 



('his breech of Cointrie blewe.' 

DRAYTON'S Dowsabdl \ 1593) 

being easy and natural, in 

whi h connection, see quot., 1821. 

The expression appears first in 

Grose, but ' Quarantine ' used 

analogically is found in Swift. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

1821. CROKER, in Croker Papers, 

vol. I., p. 203. I found MacMahon IN A 

KIND OF COVENTRY, and was warned not 

to continue my acquaintance with him. 

1838. LYTTOV, Alice, bk. IV., ch. 
iii. ' If any one dares to buy it, we'll SEND 
HIM TO COVENTRY.' 

1869. SPENCER, Study of Sociology, 
ch. x., p. 244(9 ed.). The skilful artizan, 
who in a given period can do more than 
his fellows, but who dares not do it because 
he would be SENT TO COVENTRY by them. 

1872. Post, 21 June. Another re- 
presentation on behalf of Lieutenant 
Tribe, of the gth Lancers, now for some 
months past IN COVENTRY, will be made 
in the coarse of a few days to the Minister 
for War and to his Royal Highness 
Commanding-in-Chief. 

COVER, subs, (thieves'): A pick- 
pocket's confederate : one who 
'fronts,' i.e., distracts the atten- 
tion of, the victim ; a STALL 
(q.v.). 

Verb (thieves'). i. To act as 
a pickpocket's confederate. 

1858. Glasgow Gazette, 13 Nov. 'A 
Sensitive Thief.' I saw Merritt lift up the 
tail of a gentleman's coat and thrust his 
hand into the pocket. . . . Jordan and 
O'Brien were COVERING Merritt while so 
acting. I knew them all to be regular 
thieves. 

2. (American). To drink. 
For synonyms, see LUSH. 

3. (venery). To 'have' or 
'possess' a woman. [Properly 
used of a stallion and a mare.] 

1653. URQUHART, Translation of 
Rabelais. Madam, it would be a very great 
benefit to the commonwealth, delightful to 
you, honourable to your progeny, and 
necessary for me, that I COVER you for the 
propagating of my race. 

13 



Cover-arse Goi 



on. 



194 



Coward's- Castle. 



COVER-ARSE GOWN, subs. phr. 
(Univ., obsolete). A gown with- 
out sleeves. 
1803. Gradus ad Cantabrigiam, s.v. 

COVER- DOWN, subs, (thieves'). An 
obsolete term lor a false tossing 
coin. See CAP. 

COVER-ME-DECENTLY, verbal phr. 
(old). A coat. For synonyms, 
See CAPELLA. 

1821. MONCRIEFF, Tom and Jerry, 
p. 5. (Dicks' ed., 1889.) Tom. This, 
what do you call it? this COVER-ME- 
DECENTLY, was all very well at Hawthorn 
Hall, I daresay. 

Co v ESS, subs. (old). A woman. 
See COVE. 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Life's Painter', 
p. 144. He was well acquainted with the 
COVE and COVESS. 

1827. SIR E. B. LYTTON, Pelkam, 
p. 310 (ed. 1864). Ah, Bess my COVESS,. 
strike me blind if my sees don't tout your 
bingo muns in spite of the darkmans. 



, subs, (common). A man j 
a dirriinutive of COVE (q.v.). 

1821. W. T. MONCRIEFF, Tom and 
Jerry, Act iii., Sc. 3. Tom. Well 
there's a flimsy for you ; serve the change 
out in max to the COVIES. 

. 1837. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, ch. 
viii. Upon this, the boy crossed over ; 
and, walking close up to Oliver, said, 
' Hullo, my COVEY ! what's the row ? ' 

1854. AYTOUN AND MAR-TIN, The 
Bon Gaultier Ballads. ' The Laureate's 
Tourney.' ' Undo the helmet ! cut the 
lace ! pour water on his head ! ' 'It ain' 
no use at all, my lord; 'cos vy? the COVEY'S 
dead.' 

1876. C. HINDLEY, Life and Ad-ven- 
tures of a Cheap Jack, p. 19. Ah ! Ah ! 
you half-starved, hungry, ugly-looking 
COVEY, why, if they had you in the 
country where I came from they'd boil you 
down for the pigs. 

Cow, subs. (old). i. A woman. 
The term is now opprobrious ; 
but in its primary and natural 



sense the usage is ancient. 
Ho well [1659] says: 'There are 
some proverbs that carry a kind 
of authority with them, as that 
which began in Henne the 
Fourth's time. " He that bulls 
the cow must keep the calf.'" 
For synonyms, see PETTICOAT. 

2. (general). A prostitute. 
[By analogy from sense I.] Fr., 
une vache. For synonyms, see 
BARRACK-HACK and TART. 

3. (sporting). A thousand 
pounds. Other slang terms for 
sums of rrioney are : 

PONY = 25. 

CENTURY = 100. 
MONKEY = 500. 
PLUM = 100,000. 
MARIGOLD = ; 1,000,000; 

but for complete list, see MON- 
KEY. 

1870. Athenaum, 10 Sept. ' Liver- 
pool.' All over Lancashire a horse is 
called a cow, which everywhere else 
where slang prevails is a cant termi for 
a thousand pounds. 

Td TALK THE HIND LEG OFF 

A cow or DUG. See TALK. 

TTJNE THE cow DIED OF. 
See TUNE. 

COWAN, subs: (common). A sneak 
or prying individual. Among 
masons the uninitiate in general. 

COW-AND-CALF, verb (rhyming 
slang). To laugh. 

COWARD'S-CASTLE or CORNER, 

subs, phr: (popular). A pulpit. 
[Because a clergyman may deliver 
himself therefrom without fear of 
contradiction or argument.] For 
synonyms, see HUM- BOX. 

1883. Notes and Queries, 6 S., viii., 
p. 147. COWARD'S CASTLE .... An 
epithet .... in use not inaptly for a 



Cowcumber. 



J 95 Cow with the Iron Tail. 



pulpit. Ibid, p. 238. I have often heard 
the pulpit called the COWARD'S CASTLE, 
it being said to be ' six feet above argu- 



Co we UMBER, subs, (vulgar). A 
corruption of ' cucumber.' 

1821. W. T. MONCRIEFF, Tom and 
Jerry, Act iii., Sc. 3. Bob. Very veil, 
two pound, vith a pickled COWCUMBER, 
and a pcn'orth o' ketchup. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit, 
ch. xxv. In ca-e there should be such a 
thing as a COWCUMBER in the house will 
you be so kind as bring it, for I'm rayther 
partial to 'em m> self, and they does a 
world of good in a sick room. 



Cow- (also BUSHEL- and SLUICE-)* 
CUNTED, adj. phr. (vencry); 
A term of opprobium applied to 
women deformed by parturition 
or debauchery. 

COW-GREASE or COW-OIL, subs\ 
(common). Butter. For syno- 
nyms, see CART-GREASE. 

Cow-JuiCE, subs, (popular). Milk. 
Cf., BUNG-JUJCE and COW- 
GREASE. For synonyms, see 
SKY-BLUE. 

Cow- LICK, subs, (common). A 
peculiar lock of hair, greased, 
curled, brought forward from 
the ear, and plastered on the 
cheek. Once common amongst 
costermongers and tramps. For 
synonyms, see AGGERAWATORS. 

Cow- OIL. See COW-GREASE. 

COW-PUNCHER, subs. (American); 
A cowboy or herdsman. 

1888. Detroit Free Press, 21 July. 
He was a cowboy, or, in Western parlance, 

a COW-PUNCHER. 

COW-QUAKE, subs. (Irish). The 
roar of a bull. 



Cows- AND- KISSES, subs, (rhyming 
slang). The ' missus,' or mis- 
tress ; also women generally. 

1887. HORSLEY, Jottings from Jail. 
Come, COWS-AND-KISSES, put the battle of 
the Nile on your Barnet fair, and a rogue 
and villain in your sky-rocket. 

COW'S-BABY or BABE, subs, (com- 
mon). A calf. In Old Cant 

BLEATING-CHEAT (q.V.). For 

synonyms, see MOOER ; Cf., Cow- 
JUICK and COW'S-SPOUSE. Also 
a poltroon ; Fr., tin fouinard, uti 
fouetteux dt chats, un fouailleur, 
tmfoie, vnfleniard or Jlaquadin, 
or unfrileux. 

1785. GRC)SE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 



Cow- SHOOTER, subs. (Winchester 
College). A 'deerstalker' hat: 
only worn by proefects and 
'candle-keepers.' 

COW'S-SPOUSE, subs, (old). A 
bull. Grose [1785], 

Cow WITH THE IRON TAIL, subs-,, 
phr. (general). A pump; the 
source of the ' cooling medium ' 
for ' regulating ' milk. Thus, Dr. 
Wendell Holmes, in The Profes- 
sor at the Breakfast Table (1860) : 
It is a common saying of a 
jockey that he is all horse, and 1 
have often fancied that milkmen 
get a stiff upright carriage, and 
an angular movement that re- 
minds one of a pump and the 
working of a handle. Also 

BLACK-COW ; ONE-ARMED MAN ; 

and SIMPSON'S cow (q.v.). 

18^57. Punch. The Rinderpest does 
not affect the cow WITH THE IRON TAIL. 

1872. Standard, 25 Dec. Simpson 
... is, however, universally accepted as 
the title for that combined product of the 
Cow natural, and the cow WITH THE IRON 
TAIL. 



Coxy. 



196 



Crabs. 



1876, Once a Week, 23 August. 
Every drop of milk brought into Paris is 
tested at the barriers by the lactometer, to 
see if the IRON TAILED cow has been 
guilty of diluting it ; if so, the whole of it 
is remorselessly thrown into the gutter 
the Paris milk is very pure in consequence. 

COXY, adj. (public schools'). 
Stuck up ; conceited ; impudent. 

1856. HUGHES, Tom Browns School- 
days, p. 202. He's the COXIEST young 
blackguard in the house I always told you 
so. Ibid, p. 214. ' Confoundly COXY those 
young rascals will get if we don't mind,' 
was the general feeling. 

1882. f . ANSTEY, Vice Versa, ch. iv. 
' Now then young Bultitude, you used to 
be a decent fellow enough last term, 
though you were COXY. So, before we go 
any further what do you meani by this 
sort of thing ? ' 

COYDUCK, verb (old). To decoy. 
[An ingenious blend of conduct 
and decoy.'} 

1829. A Laconic Narrative of the 
Life and Death of James Wilson. That 
awful monster, William Burke. Like Reynard 
sneaking on the.lurk, CoYDycKED his prey 
into his den And then the woeful work 
began. 

COYOTE, subs, (old). The female 
pudendtim. For synonyms, see 
MONOSYLLABLE. 



COZZA, subs, (cheap Jacks'). See 
quot. 

1876. HINDLEY, Life and Adven- 
tures of a Cheap j 'ack, p. 28. Mo . . . 
declared he would never eat another bit of 
COZZA, i.e., pork, as long as he lived. 

CRAB, subs, (auction). The same 
as BONNET (q,v.), subs., sense i. 

Verb (thieves'). To expose ; 
to inform ; to offend or insult ; 
and especially to interrupt, to 
get in the way of, to spoil. 
[Properly to render harsh, sour, or 
peevish ; to make crabbed. ] Also 



used adjectively. For synonyms, 
see PEACH and RILE, respec- 
tively. 

1825. The English Spy, vol. I., p. 
179. LIVERYMAN, EGLANTINE. What 
coming CRABB over us, old fellow ? Very 
well, I shall bolt and try Randall, and 
that's all about it. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 232. If a 
patterer has been CRABBED, that is offended 
at any of the ' cribs ' (houses), he mostly 
chalks a signal on or near the door. Ibid, 
vol. II., p. 568. 'We don't CRAB one 
another when we are sweeping ; if we was 
to CRAB one another, we'd get to fighting 
and giving slaps of the jaw to one another.' 

1876. HINDLEY, Life and Adven- 
tures of a Cheap Jack, pp. 5-6. Others. 
however, would be what we termed 

CRABBED. 

1880. MU-LIKIN, Punch's Almanack. 
CRAB your enemies, I've got a many, 
You can pot 'em proper for a penny. 

TO CATCH A CRAB ; also TO 
CUT A CRAB ; TO CATCH or 
CUT A CANCER or LOBSTER, 
verbal phr. (common). There 
are various ways of CATCHING A 
CRAB, as, for example, (i) to turn 
the blade of the oar or ' feather ' 
under water at the. end of the 
stroke, and thus be unable to re- 
cover ; (2) to lose control of the 
oar at the middle of the stroke by 
' digging ' too deeply ; or (3) to 
miss the water altogether. 

CRAB LOUSE, subs. (old). The 
pulex pubis, the male whereof is 
called a cock, the female a hen. 
Grose 



CRABS, subs, (thieves'). I. The 
feet. [A punning comparison of 
the feet and ten toes to the ten- 
footed, short-tailed crustaceans 
popularly known as ' crabs.'] For 
synonyms, see CREEPERS. In 
Haggart (.to? Glossary, i82i)cRABS 
= shoes. 



Crabs/ieli's. 



197 



Crack. 



2. (old). Lice. For syno- 
nyms, see CHATES, sense 2. 

3. (gaming). A pair of aces, 
or deuce-ace the lowest throw 
at hazard. 

1768. LORD CARLISLE, in Jesse's 
Sehvyn, II., 238 (-1882). 1 hope you have 
left off hazard. If you are still so foolish, 
and will play, the best thing 1 can wish 
you is, that you may win and never throw 
CRABS. 

1837. BARHAM, Ingoldsby Legends 
(Hard Times), p. 4, ed. 1851. Well, we 
know in these cases Your CRABS and 
'Deuce Aces' Are wont to promote 
frequent changes of places. 

1874. G. A. LAWRENCE, Hagarene, 
ch. Hi. ' My annuity drops with me ; and 
if this throw comes off CRABS, there won't 
be enough to bury me, unless I die a 
defaulter.' 

TO TURN OUT CRABS Or A CASE 

OF CRABS, verbal phr. (common). 
A matter TURNS OUT CRABS 
when it is brought to a disagree- 
able conclusion. [Cf., CRAB, 
verb, in the sense of to interrupt ; 
to get in the way of ; to spoil.] 

CRABSHELLS, subs, (popular), 
Shoes. [From CRABS, subs., sense 
I (q.v. ), + SHELLS, an outer cover- 
ing.] For synonyms, see TROTTER- 
CASES. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor,\o\. IIJ., p. 210, 'Now 
these 'ere shoes,' he said . .' . 'even 
now, with a little mending, they'll make a 
tidy pair of CRAB-SHELLS again.' 

1889. Answers, July 20, p. 121, col. 2. 
The state of my CRABSHELLS, or boots, 
pointed to the fact that I had come down 
in the world. 



CRACK, subs. (old). A crazy per- 
son, or soft-head. [From CRACK 
= to impair, or to be impaired.] 
For synonyms, see BUFFLE and 
CABBAGE-HEAD. 



1609. DEKKER, Lanthorne and Can- 
dlelight, in wks. (Grosart) III., 212. A 
Foyst nor a Nip shall not walke into a 
Fayre or a Play-house, but euerie CRACKE 
will cry looke to your purses. 

b. 1672, d. 1719. ADDISON (quoted in 
Annandale). I cannot get the Parliament 
to listen to me, who look upon me as a 

CRACK. 

2. (old). A prostitute, see 
sense 4. For synonyms, see BAR- 
RACK-HACK and TART. 

1698. FARQUHAR, Love and a Bottle, 
Act v., Sc. 3. You imagine I have got 
your whore, cousin, your CRACK. 

1705-7. WARD, Hudibras Redivi-vus, 
vol. II., pt. II., p. 27. Old Leachers, 
Harridans, and CRACKS. 

1715. VANBRUGH, Country House, 
II., v. For you must know my sister was 
with me, and it seems he took her for -a 
CRACK, and I being a forward boy he 
fancied I was going to make love to her 
under a hedge, ha, ha. 

1748. T. DYCE, Dictionary (5 ed.), 
s.v. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vul. Tongue, s.v. 
181 1. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

3. (old). A lie. Cf.. CRACKER 
(the modern form), and for syno- 
nyms, see WHOPPER'. 

1773. GOLDSMITH, She Stoops to 
Conquer, Act ii. Miss N. There's some- 
thing generous in my cousin's manner. 
He falls out before faces to be forgiven in 
private. Tony. That's a damned con- 
founded CRACK. 

4. (venery). The female 
pudendum. For synonyms, see 
MONOSYLLABLE. 



5. (thieves'). A burglary. Cf. y 
CRACK A CRIB, and for synonyms, 
see PANNV. [The term originated 
about the beginning of the 
present century. Fr. , une fraction.] 

1834. W. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood 
p. 120 (ed. 1864). We'll overhaul the swag 
here, when the speak is spoken, oven 
This CRACK may make us all for life. 



Crack. 



198 



Crack. 



1837. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, p. 124. 
The CRACK failed, said Toby, faintly. 

1841. G. W. REYNOLDS, Pick-wick 
Abroad, ch. xxvi. But should the traps 
be on the sly, For a change we'll have a 

CRACK. 

1841. LEMAN REDE, Sixteen-String 
Jack, Act i.. Sc. 5. Come on, then ! A 
sweet ride of a dozen miles, just to cool 
one's head, then for the CRACK ; and then 
back to London. 

1889. Answers, 13 April, p. 313. 
Such inscriptions as ' Poor Joe from the 
Dials in for a CRACK,' meaning 'Poor Joe 
from Seven Dials in for a burglary,' are 
numerous. 

6. (thieves'). A burglar. 
[See sense 5, and cf., C RACKS- 
MAN.] 

1749. Life of Bamffylde - Moore 
Carew. Sufler none, from far or near, 
With their rights to interfere ; No strange 
Abram, ruffler CRACK. 

1857. Punch, 31 Jan. (from slang 
song). That long over Newgit their Wor- 
ships may rule, As the Hi^h-toby, mob, 
CRACK, and screeve model school. 

7. (colloquial). An approach 
to perfection. Cf., sense 8. 

1825. English Spy, p. 255. Most 
noble CRACKS and worthy cousin trumps, 
permit me to introduce a brother of the 
togati. 

1864. Glasgow Herald, 5 April. ' Re- 
port of R. N. Y. Club.' This vessel (one 
of Fyfe's CRACKS) being almost new, and 
coppered, will be free from the objection- 
able fouling which is so great a drawback 
to the use of iron yachts. 

1H71. London Figaro, 17 Oct. Does 
it mean that the CRACK is a thing of the 
past, and that the learned author is no 
longer to be considered as a CRACK? 

1889. Answers, March 23, p. 265, 
col. 3. Warders are not, thank goodness, 
first-rate shots, but even a CRACK would 
find it difficult to hit a man's head appear- 
ing for only a moment or two in probably a 
heavy fog. 

8. (turf). A racehorse emi- 
nent for speed. Hunting : a 
famous * mount.' [An extension 
of the usage in sense 7.] 



1853. Diogenes II., 271. ' The Bet- 
ting Boy's Lament.' Cesarewitch, Cam- 
bridgeshire now No longer for me have a 
charm ; the CRACKS may be ranged in a 
row, But for me they've no fear nor alarm. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 38. Sir Bridges 
Sinclair would not scratch a horse no, not 
if it was ever so, let alone a Derby CRACK. 

1871. Standard, 6 Nov. Unlimited 
gossip as to the welfare and chances of 
forthcoming CRACKS. 

1883. The Echo, Feb. 7, p. 3, col. 6. 
I give below a few of the probable starters 
for the Waterloo Cup, including all the 
CRACKS. 

1884. HAWLEY SMART, From Post 
to Finish, p. 155. Of course he was au 
courant with all the rumours concerning 
the Panton Lodge CRACK. 

9. (vagrants'). Dry firewood. 

185] -61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and L on. Poor, vol. I., p. 358. The next 
process is to look for some CRACK (some 
dry wood to light a fire). 

Adj. (colloquial). Approach- 
ing perfection ; used in a multi- 
tude or combinations. A CRACK 
hand is an adept or ' dabster ' ; a 
CRACK corps, a brilliant regi- 
ment ; a CRACK whip, a good 
coachman ; etc. As a connect- 
ing link between the adjective 
and the earlier use of CRACK, 
cf., THE CRACK. 

1836. W. H. SMITH, The Individual, 
13 Nov. 'The Thieves' Chaunt.' Her 
duds are bob she's a kinchin CRACK, and 
I hopes as how she'll never back. 

1839. THACKERAY, Fatal Boots 
(July). And such a CRACK-shot myself, 
that fellows were shy of insulting me. 

1859. WHITTY, Political Portraits, 
p. 106. But he [the Earl of Shaftesbury] 
has insisted on a recognition of the facts 
of our appalling civilisation, and that was 
a good deal to do, which none other than 
a Peer and CRACK Christian could hope to 
do. Ibid, p. 288. The whippers-in will 
never receive instructions t> find the ad- 
dresses of the brilliances of Union debating 
clubs, bar messes, and CRACK newspapers. 

1865. M. E. BRADDON, Henry 
Dunbar, ch. xx. Who was moreover a 
CRACK shot, a reckless cross-country-going 
rider, and a very tolerable amateur artist. 



Crack. 



199 



Crack. 



Verb (old). i. To talk to; 
to boast. [The verb was once 
good English, and in the sense 
of to talk or gossip is still good 
Scots. The modern lorm xq 
CRACK-UP, is well within the 
borderland between literary and 
colloquial English. The follow- 
ing quots., together .with those 
under CRACK-UP, form an un- 
broken series]. 

1597. G. HARVEY, Trimming of 
Nashe, in wks. (Grosart) III., 31. So you 
may CRACKE yourselfe abroad, and get to 
be reported the man you are not. 

1621. BURTON, Aitat of Mel., I., 
II., III., xiv., 199, (1876). Your very 
tradesmen, if they be excellent, will CRACK 
and brag, and show their folly in excess. 

1654. WITTS, Recreations. And let 
them that CRACK In the praises of sack, 
Know malt is of mickle might. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

2. (thieves'). To force open ; 
to commit a burglary. [A 
shorter form of CRACK A CRIB 
(f.*).J 

1837. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, ch. 
xix. The crib's barred up at night like a 
jail ; but there's one part we can CRACK, 
safe and softly. 

3. (American thieves'). To 
forge or utter worthless paper. 
[An extension by analogy of ' to 
crack,' i.e., 'to force,' and 
4 cracksman,' a burglar.] 

4. (colloquial). To fall to 
ruin ; to be impaired. Cf., 
subs., sense I. 

b. 1631. d. 1701. DRYDEN [quoted in 
Annandale]. The credit of the exchequer 
CRACKS when little comes in and much goes 
out. 

5. (thieves'). To inform ; 
to PEACH (q.v. for synonyms). 

c. 1850, but date uncertain. Broadside 
Ballad, ' Bates' Farm.' I mean to CRACK 
a crib to-night, but pals don't CRACK on 
me. 



TO CRACK A BOTTLE or A 
QUART, verbal phr. (colloquial). 
To drink. Analogous and 
equally old is ' to crush a cup.' 
Fr., ewuffer une negresse or un 
eivfant de chceur. For synonyms, 
see Uusii. 

1598. SH^KSPEARE, //. Henry IV., 
v., 3, 66. ' Shal. By the mass, you'll 
CRACK A O.UART together. 

1711. Spectator No. 234. He hems 
after him in the public street, and they 
must CRACK A HOT FLE at the next tavern. 

1750. FIELDING, Tom Jones, bk. 
VIII., ch. vii. 'What,' says the wife, 
' you have been tippling with the gentle- 
man ! I see.' 'Yes/ answered the hus- 
band, 'we have CRACKED A BOTTLE 
together.' 

1817. SCOTT, Rob Roy, ch.viii. 'You 
have CRACKED MY SILVER- MOUNTED 
COCOA-NUT OF SACK, and tell me that you 
cannot sing ! ' 

1853. THACKERAY, Barty Lyndon, 
ch. xvii., p. 221. I chose to invite the 
landlords of the ' Bell ' and the ' Lion ' to 
CRACK A BOTTLE with me.' 

TO CRACK A CRIB, SWAG, OjT 
KEN, verbal phr. (thieves'^. To 
commit a burglary ; to break 
into a house. [From CRACK, to 
force open, + CRIB, a house.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. To 
stamp a ken or crib; to work a 
panny ; to jump a Chouse (also 
applied to simple robbery with- 
out burglary) ; to do a crack ; to 
practice the black art ; to screw ; 
to bust a crib ; to flimp ; to buz ; 
to tool ; to wire ; to do a ken- 
crack-lay. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Faire 
up cassement de forte (thieves') ; 
faire une condition (thieves') ; 
faire copeaux (ihieves' : in allu- 
sion to the splinters from a 
forced door) ; ecornerune boutanche 
or un boucard (thieves') = to 
enter shops 
un vol a 



,U-r u, yiiiitwo j " \.\J 

burglariously) ; faire 
Vesquinte (thieves') ; 



Crack. 



200 



Crack. 



maquiller une cambriole (thieves' : 
maquiller = to do, to 'fake ' an 
almost universal verb of action) ; 
faire fiic-frac ; net foyer tin 
bocart (thieves'). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Auf- 
nollen (to * bnrgle ' with skeleton 
keys) ; aufplatzen (literally ' to 
wrench ' or ' break open ') ; auf- 
schrdnken ( schrdnken- [ from 
Schranke, O. H. G. screnckan, 
M. H. G. schranne, sckrange, 
schrand~\ = a burglary with 
violence. Schrdnker = burglar. 
Up to the middle of the present 
century burglars used to be called 
Schrdnker a zierlicher ; Schrdnk- 
massematten = a burglary with 
violence ; Schrankzeug, Schrdnk- 
schaure, Schrdnkschurrich = 
burglars' tools ) ; blaupfeifen 
( Viennese thieves' ) ; Cassne 
handeln or melochenen (to commit 
burglary with open violence) ; 
einen Massematten handeln 
(Massematten is a word whose 
Hebraic components very nearly 
correspond to the English 
' debit and credit ' ; it signifies 
commerce and activityof the 
kind that pertains to cracksman- 
ship ; e.g.) einen Massematten 
baldowern, to makean opportunity 
for theft ; einen Massematten 
stehen haben, to have ' dead- 
lurked ' a crib, or prepared a 
burglary ; Massema'ten bekoach 
a burglary with violence.) 

1830. BULWER \smQK, Paul Clifford, 
p. 297, ed. 1854. And you 'members as 
how I met Harry aod you there, and I 
vas all afeard at you cause vy? I had 
never seen you afore and ve vas a going to 
CRACK a swell's CRIB. 

1841. LEMAN REDE, Sixteen-String 
Jack, Act i., Sc. 5. Jer. Now comes the 
grand .spec ; we go to CRACK A KEN ; Kit's 
in. so's the captain. Steady's the word ; 
I go first, you all follow. 

1871. Standard, 26 Dec. If their 
pals outside, the gentry who hocus Jack 



ashore in the east, pick the pockets of 
Lord Dundreary in the west, and CRACK 
CRIBS in the lonely outskirts could only 
realise how miserable the Christmas-day 
was for them, we might look out for a 
needful retrenchment in the estimates of 
penal expenditure. 

1871. Morning Advertiser, TI May. 
'Leader.' He took to burglary, employ- 
ing professional burglars to assist him, 
whenever it became necessary to CRACK A 
CRIB. 

1887. W. E. HENLEY, Villon's 
Straight Tip. Dead-lurk a crib, or do a 

CRACK. 

TO CRACK A JUDY (or HER 
TEA cnp), verb. phr. (common). 
To deflower a maid. 

TO CRACK A CRUST, phr. 

(common). To rub along in the 
world. A superlative for doing very 
well is, TO CRACK A TIDY CRUST. 

1851-61. H. MAYKEW, Lon. Lab. 
and Lon. Poo*-, vol. 111., p. 445. I am 
now just managing to CRACK AN HONEST 
CRUST ; and while I can do that I will 
never thieve mote. 

To CRACK A KEN, verb. phr. 
(thieves'). To commit aburglay; 
to CRACK A CRJB (q.V.). [See 

CRACK, verb, sense 2 and KEN.] 

To CRACK A WHTD, verb. phr. 
(thieves'). To talk. [WniD 
\q.v.} =a word i Old Cant.] Cf., 
CUT, verb, sense I. For syno- 
nyms, see PATTER. 

1876. HINDLEY, Life and Act-ventures 
of a Cheap Jack, p; 22. The WHIDS as 
the words or set phrases used by Cheap 
Johns in disposing of their articles are 
called are very much alike . . . many 
little circumstances occur when they (the 
WHIUS) are being CRACKED which are lost 
to a reader. 

To CRACK ON, verb. phr. (com- 
mon). To 'put on speed'; in- 
crease one's pace. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockniaker, 
i S., ch. xi. ' I sh >t a wild goose at R ver 
Philip last year, with ihe rice of Varginny 
fresh in his crop ; he must have CRACKED 
ON near about as fast as them other geese, 
the British travellers,' 



Cracked. 



201 



Cracker. 



1876. Broadside Ballad [quoted in 
C. G. Leland's Captain Jonas]. We 
carried away the royal yards, and the 
stuns'le boom was gone. Says the skipper, 
' they may go or stand, I'm darned if I 
don't CRACK ON. 

To CRACK UP, verbal phr. (col- 
loquial). To praise ; eulogize. 
A superlative is TO CRACK UP TO 
THE NINES. Fr., faire r article^ 
(commercial travellers') and 
faire son boniment or son petit 
boniment (cheap jacks' and show- 
men's). 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzle-wit. 
Ch. . . . We must be CRACKED UP, 
said Mr. Chollop, darkly. 

1856. HUGHES, Tom Brown's School- 
days, p. 139. Then don't object to my 
CRACKING UP the old school house, kugby. 

1878. JAS. PAYN, By Proxy, ch. i. 
' We find them CRACKING UP the country 
they belong to, no matter how absurd may 
be the boast.' 

THE CRACK, or ALL THE 
CRACK, .phr. (general). The GO 
(q v. ) ; ' the thing ' ; the ' kick ' ; 
the general craze of the 
moment. 

IN A CRACK, phr. (colloquial). 
Instantaneously ", in the twink- 
ling of an eye. For synonyms, 
see BEDPQVT. 

1725. RAMSAY, Gentle Shepherd, 
Act i. I trow, when that she saw, WITHIN 
A CRACK, She came with a right thieveless 
errand back. 

1763. FOOTE, Mayor of Garret t, 
Act i. Nic Goose, the taylor, from 
Putney, they say, will be here IN A CRACK. 

1819. BYROV, Don Juan, ch. i., st. 
135. ' They're on the stair just now, and 
IN A CRACK will all be here.' 

1842. Punch, vol. III., p. 136. IN A 
CRACK the youth and maiden To a flowery 
bank did come. 



CRACKED or CRACKED-UP,///. adj. 
phr. (colloquial). i. Ruined ; 
'bust up ' ; f gone to smash ' or to 



'pot.' For synonyms, see DEAD 

BROKE. 

1851. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 2 [also pp, 24, 47]. 
If a Catholic coster, there's only a very 
few of them is CRACKED up (penniless) 
he's often started again, and the others 
have a notion that it'* through some chapel 
fund. Ibid, p. 22. ' If we're CRACKED 
UP, that is, if we're forced to go into the 
Union." 

1870. Britannia, June. ' Speculation 
in 1870.' Of these there only remain now 
122 companies, with a capital of a hundred 
and eighty millions, the rest having one 
and all CRACKED UP, as the Americans 
would say. 

2. (common). Crazy. For 
synonyms, see APARTMENTS and 
TILE LOOSE. 

1872. Daily Telegraph, 3 Sept. 
' Police Court Report.' Mr. Bushby : Is 
her head affe;ted ? The Prisoner : Am I 
CRACKED? Of course in the nut. You'll 
be to-morrow. 

3. (common). Deflowered. 
Also CRACKED IN THE RING. 

CRACKER, subs, (common). Any- 
thing approaching perfection. 
Used in both a good and bad 
sense ; e.g., a rattling pace, a 
large sum of money, a bad fall, 
an enormous lie, a dandy (male 
or female) of the first magnitude, 
and so forth. [C/., CRACK, stibs. ; 
senses 3 and 7, adj., and verb, 
sense i.] 

1861. WHYTE MELVILLE, Good for 
Nothing, ch. vi. 'I remember . . . 
Belphegor's year. What a CRACKER I 
stood to win on him and the Rejected ! ' 

1863. C. READE, Hard Cask, I., 28. 
You know the University was in a manner 
beaten, and he took the blame. He never 
cried ; that was a CRACKER of those 
fellows. 

1869. Daily News, Nov. 8. 'Leader.' 
Now he's gone a CRACKER over head and 
ears. 

1871. Daily News, Nov. i. 'Prince 
of Wales' Visit to Scarborough.' The 
shooting party, mounting their forest 
ponies, came up the straight a CRACKER. 
Lord Carrington finishing a good first. 



Crackey. 



202 



Crack-Rope. 



1883. Graphic, March 24, p, 303, 
col. i. He [the Oxford stroke] could also 
depend on his own men for not falling to 
pieces through being taken off at a 



CRACKEY. See CRIKEY. 

CRACK-HALTER, or CRACK-ROPE, 

subs. (old). A vagabond ; an old 
equivalent of JAIL-BIRD. C/., 
HEMP-SEED. 

1566. GASCOIGNE, Supposes, i., 4. 
You CRACKHALTER, if I catch you by the 
ears, I'll make you answer directly. 

1607. DEKKER, Northward Hoe, IV., 
i. Featherstone's boy, like an honest 
CRACK-HALTER, laid open all to one of my 
prentices. 

1639. MASSINGER, Unnatural Com- 
bat, II., ii. Peace, you CRACK-ROPE ! 

1818. SCOTT, Heart of Midlothian, 
ch. xxx. ' Hark ye, ye CRACK - ROPE 
padder, born -beggar, and hedge - thief,' 
replied the hag. 

CRACK-HUNTER, or HAUNTER, subs. 
(venery). The penis. C/., CRACK, 
subs. , sense 4. For synonyms, see 
CBEAMSTICK. 

CRACKING, verbal subs, (thieves'). 
House-breaking. [From CRACK, 
verb, sense 2.] 

1862. Cornhill Mag., vol. VI., 651. 
We are going a-flimping, buzzing, CRACK- 
ING, tooling, etc. 

CRACKISH, adj. (old). Wanton, 

said only of women. [From 

CRACK, subs., sense 4.] C/., 
COMING. 

CRACK-JAW WORDS, NAMES, etc., 
subs, (colloquial). Long words 
difficult to pronounce. [From 
CRACK, to break, +JAW, speech.] 
Variants are HALF - CROWN 

WORDS, JAW - BREAKERS, and 
CRAMP WORDS. 

1876. M. E. BRADDON, Joshua 
Haggard's Daughter, ch. vii. ' He brings 
her plants with CRACKJAW NAMES.', 



1883. Daily Telegraph, June 25, 
p. 3, col . i. ' Some of the ways with the 
CRACK-JAW NAMES of cooking it would 
give it a foreign flavour to me.' 

CRACKLE or CRACKLING, subs. 
(University). The velvet bars 
on the gowns of the Johnian 
' HOGS ' (y.v.). [From their re- 
semblance to the scored rind 
on roast pork.] The covered 
bridge between one of the courts 
and the grounds of John's is 
called the Isthmus of Suez (Latin 
sus, a swine). 

1885. CUTHBERT BEDE, in Notes and 
Queries. 6 S., xi., 414. The word 
CRACKLE refers to the velvet bars on the 
students' gowns. 

CRACKMANS or CRAGMANS, subs. 
(old). A hedge. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 57 (H. Club's Repr., 1874), s.v. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. v., p. 4 8 (1874), s.v. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
The cull thought to have loped, by break- 
ing through the CRACKMANS, but we 
fetched him back by a nope. 

CRACK or BREAK ONE'S EGG, or 
DUCK, verbal phr. (cricket). To 
begin to score. [To make no run 
is to 'lay, or make, a duck's egg' ; 
to make none in either innings 
is ' to get a double-duck,' or to 
come off with a pair of spectacles.] 

1890. Polytechnic Magazine, 5 June, 
p. 367, col. 2. Watson bowled splendidly, 
taking 8 wickets at a very small cost, two 
of his foemen being unable to CRACK THEIR 

EGG. 

CRACK-POT, subs, (popular). A 
pretentious, worthless person. 
For synonyms, see SwASH-BucK- 
LER. 

1883. Broadside Ballad, ' I'm Living 
with Mother now.' My aunty knew lots, 
and called them CRACK-POTS. 

CRACK-ROPE. ^CRACK-HALTER. 



Cracksman. 



203 



Cram. 



CRACKSMAN, subs, (popular). I. A 
housebreaker. [From CRACK, 
verb, sense 2, + MAN ; literally 
one who CRACKS or forces his 
way into a house.] For syno- 
nyms, see THIEVES. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. The 
kiddy is a clever CRACKSMAN. 

1830. LYTTON, Paul Clifford, p. 298, 
ed. 1854. I have no idea of a gentleman 
turning CRACKSMAN. 

1837. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, p. 123. 
You'll be a fine young CRACKSMAN afore 
the old file now. 

1837. BARHAM, /. L. (Lay of St. 
Aloys). Your CRACKSMAN, for instance, 
thinks night-time the best To break open a 
door or the lid of a chest. 

1839. AINSWORTH, Jack Sheppard 
(1889), p. 70. I'll turn CRACKSMAN, like 
my father. 

1889. Pall Mall Gaz., 21 Nov., p. 6, 
col i. The latest dodge among CRACKS- 
MEN is to personate an ejectric- light man. 

2. (common). The penis. 
See CRACK, sw&s., sense 4. 

CRADLE, ALTAR, AND TOMB 
COLUMN, subs, phr, (American). 
The births, marriages, and 
deaths column in newspaper. An 
English equivalent is HATCH, 

MATCH, AND DISPATCH COLUMN. 

CRAG. See SCRAG. 

CRAM, subs, (popular). I. A lie; 
oftentimes CRAMMER. [The idea 
is that of stuffing with nonsense.] 
For synonyms, see WHOPPER. 

1842. Punch, vol. II., p. 21, col. 2. 
It soundeth somewhat like a CRAM : but 
our honour is at stake, apd we repeat the 
'mile.' 

1864. LE FANU, Uncle Silas, ch. 
xxxviii. ' It is awful, an old un like that 
elling such CRAMS as she do ! ' 

1864. Quiver, 4 June. By some de- 
licate distinction the falsehood presented 
itself under the guise of a CRAM, and not of 
a naked lie. 



1887. W. E. HENLEY, Villon s Good 
Night. You magsmen bold that work the 

CRAM. 

2. (colloquial). Hard, forced 
study. Resulting rather in a test 
of memory than of capacity. 

1872. Morning Post, Oct. 15. Poor 
Toots, the head boy of Dr. Blimber's 
academy . . . bloomed early and had by 
CRAM been enabled to answer any given 
set of questions, and to work any papers at 
an ' exam.' 

1872. Daily Telegraph, July 25. 
1 Speech Day at King's College School.' 
Dr. Madear also said a few words on the 
advantage of boys going up straight from 
school to college without any interval of 
CRAM. 

1878. JAS. PAYN, By Proxy, ch. xii. 
They have gained their position by CRAM 
of jhe philosophic kind. 

3. (colloquial). One who pre- 
pares another for an examination ; 
a coach ; a 'grindstone.' 

1861. DUTTON COOK, Paul Fosters 
Daughter, ch. ix. 'I shall go to a coach, 
a CRAM, a grindstone.' 

4. (University). An adven- 
titious aid to study ; a translation ; 
a ' crib.' For synonyms, see 
PONY. 

1853. REV. E. BRADLEY [' C. Bede '), 
Verdant Green, pt. II., p. 68. The in- 
fatuated Mr. Bouncer madly persisted 
.... in going into the school clad in his 
examination coat, and padded over with a 
host of CRAMS. 

Verb (colloquial). I . To study 
at high pressure for an examina- 
tion. Also to prepare one for 
examination. Cf., DIG and COACH. 

1803. Gradus ad Cantabrigiam, s.v. 

1825-27. HONE, Every-day Book, Feb. 
22. Shutting my room door, as if I was 
'sported in' and CRAMMING Euc 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, chap, li., 
p. 446. ' He CRAMMED for it, to use a 
technical but expressive term ; he read 
up for the subject, at my desire, in the 
Rncyclopcfdia Britannica.^ 



Crammer. 



204 



Cramp- Rings. 



1844. Puck, p. 13. Though for Great 
Go and for Small, i teach Paley, CRAM 
and all. 

1872. BESANT AND RICE, My Little 
Girl. The writer of one crushing article 
CRAMMED for it, like Mr. Pott's young 
man. 



2. (general). To lie ; to de- 
ceive. [Literally to stuff with 
nonsense.] For synonyms, see 
STICK. 

1794. Gent. Mag., p. 1085. Luckily, 
1 CRAMMED him so well, that at last honest 
Jollux tipped me the cole [money]. 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, ch. 
xviii. A thousand ridiculous tales. . , 
with some specimens of which our friend 
Richie Moniplies had been CRAMMED . . . 
by the malicious apprentice. 



CRAMMER, subs, (general), i. A 
liar ; one who tells CRAMS (q.v.). 
[From CRAM (M a lie, + ER.] 

2. (common). A lie ; the same 
as CRAM, sense I. 

1861. H. C. PENNELL, Puck on 
Pegasus, p. 17. I sucked in the obvious 
CRAMMER kindly as my mother's milk. 

1880. A. TROLLOPE, The Duke's Child- 
ren, ch. xxxviii. ' What on earth made 
you tell him CRAMMERS like that?' asked 
Silverbridge. 

c. 1884. Broadside Ballad, ' On Mon- 
day I Met Mary Ann.' I thought t'would 
last for ever and I never should be sold, 
Because I was so clever in the CRAMMERS 
that I told. 

3. (general). One who pre- 
pares men for examination ; a 
coach, or GRINDER (^.z>.,for syno- 
nyms). 

1812. Miss EDGEWORTH, Patronage, 
ch. Hi. Put him into the hands of a clever 
grinder or CRAMMER, and they would soon 
cram the necessary portion of Latin and 
Greek into him. 

1872. Evening Standard, 16 Aug. 
' The Competition Wallah.' The CRAMMER 
follows in the wake of competitive exam- 
inations as surely as does the shadow the 
body. 



CRAMMING, verbal subs, (common). 
The act of studying hard for an 
examination. [From CRAM (q.v.^ 
sense 2) + ING.] American, 

BONING. 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 201, col. i. 
Aspirants to honours in law, physic, or 
divinity, each know the value of private 

CKAMMING. 

1863. CHARLES READE, Hard Cash, 
I., p. 16. 'All this term 1 have been 
(' training ' scratched out and another 
word put in : c roh, I know) CRAMMING.' 
' CRAMMING, love ? ' ' Yes, that is Oxford - 
ish for studying.' 

1869. SPENCER, Study of Sociology, 
ch. xv., p. 574 (9 ed.). And here, by 
higher culture, I do not mean mere lan- 
guage-learning, and an extension of the de- 
testable CRAMMING system at present in 
use. 

1872. Daily News, Dec. 20. Com- 
petitive examinations for the public service 
defeated in a great measure, the object of 
their promoters, which was to place rich and 
poor on an equality, because success was 
made to depend very largely on successful 
CRAMMING, which meant a high-priced 
crammer. 

CRAMPED or CRAPPED, ppl. adj. 
(old). Hanged ; also killed. For 
synonyms, see LADDER. 

CRAM PING-CULL, subs. (old). The 
hangman. [From the CRAMPING 
of the rope, +CULI,, a man.] Cf., 
CRAMP RINGS (q.V.). 

CRAMP IN THE HAND, subs. phr. 
(common). Meanness ; stingi- 
ness. 

CRAMP-RINGS, subs. (old). Bolts; 
shackles ; fetters. [ Properly a 
ring of gold or silver, which after 
being blessed by the sovereign, 
was held a specific for cramp and 
falling-sickness.] For synonyms, 
see DARBIES. 

1609. DEKKER, Lanthome and 
Candlelight fed. Grosart, III., 203]. 
Straight we're to the Cuffin Queer forced 
to bing ; And 'cause we are poor made to 
scour the CRAMP-RING. 



Cramp- Words. 205 

1671. HEAD AND KIRKMAN, The 
English Rogue, 'Canting Song.' Till 
CRAMPRINGS quire, tip Cove his Hire, And 
Quire-ken do them catch. 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet., s.v. 
1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 



Cranky. 



CRAMP- WORDS, subs. (old). i. 
Hard, unpronounceable vocables; 

CRACKJAW WORDS (q.V. ). 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
CRAMP WORDS (s.) : hard, difficult, un- 
usual or uncommon words. 

1779. MRS. COWLEY, Who's the 
Dupe ? II., ii. I've been in the Diction- 
ary this half-hour, and have picked up 
CRAMP WORDS enough to puzzle and de- 
light the old gentleman the remainder of 
his life. 

1812. COOMBE, Tour in S. of Pictur- 
esque, C. xxv. Who get CRAMP WORDS, 
and cant the Muse In Magazines and in 
Reviews. 

2 (thieves'). : Sentence of 
death. [A figurative usage of 
sense I.] 

1748. DYCHE, Diet., 5 ed. CRAMP- 
WORDS (s),, . . also in the canting dia- 
lect the sentence of death pass'd by the 
judge upon a criminal. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
He has just undergone the CRAMP-WORD. 

CRAN BERRY-EYE, subs. (American). 
A blood-shot eye resulting from 
alcoholism. 

CRANK, subs. (old). i. Some- 
times CRANKE. See quots; and 
COUNTERFEIT CRANK; 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 33. 
These that do counterfet the CRANKE be 
yong knaues and yonge harlots, that 
deeply dissemble the falling sicknes. . For 
the CRANK in their language is the fallinge 
evill. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 38 (H. Club's Repr., 1874). CRANCKE, 
the falling sickenesse : and thereupon your 
Rogues that counterfeit the falling 
sickenes, are called counterfeit CRANCKS. 

2. (old). Gin and water; 
17853. 



3. (American). An eccentric, 
a crotcheteer. [From the col- 
loquial CRANKY (q.V.) = {\A\ Of 

crotchets ; crazy.] Cf. , COUNTER- 
FEIT CRANK. 

1886. Florida Times Union, 22 May. 



. 

I know perfectly well that I shall probably 
be called an old fogy, if not a CRANK, for 
presuming to think that anything in the 
past can be better than in the present. 

1887. New York Tribune, 4 Nov. A 
good deal of ridicule, mostly good- 
natured, is showered upon the base-ball 
CRANK, as everybody persists in calling 
the man or woman who manifests any deep 
interest in the great American game. 

1888. Daily Inter -Ocean, 2 Feb. 
The man was evidently a CRANK, and said 
that 4,000 dollars were due him by the 
Government. 

Adj. (nautical). Easily upset: 
e.g., 'the skiff is very CRANK.' 

CRANK-CUFFIN, subs. (old). One 
of the canting-crew whose speci- 
alty was to feign sickness. [From 
CRANK (q.v., sense i), the 'fall- 
ing - sickness,' + CUFFIN (see 
COVE), a man.] 

1749. BAMPFYLDE MOORE -CAKEW, 
Oath of the Canting Crew. I, CRANK- 
CUFFIN, swear to be True to this 
fraternity. 

CRANKY, adj. (colloquial). Crotch- 
etty ; whimsical ; ricketty ; not 
to be depended upon ; crazy. 
[C/., quot., 1787.] 

ENGLISH S,YNQNYMS. Dicky; 
maggotty ; dead-alive ; yappy ; 
touched ; chumpish ; comical ; 
dotty ; rocketty ; queer ; faddy ; 
fadmongeririg ; twisted ; funny. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Chevrotin 
(popular : applied to a bad or 
irritable temper); etre comme un 
ctin (popular) ; avoir sa chique 
(familiar : said of the temper). 

1787. GROSE, Prov. Glossary. 
CRANKY, ailing, sickly ; from the Dutch 
crank, sick. 



Cranny. 



206 Crashing-Ckeats. 



1840. DICKENS, Old Curiosity Shop, 
ch. vii., p. 33. Adding to this retort an 
observation to the effect that his friend 
appeared to be rather CRANKY in point of 
temper.- 

1863. C. READE, Hard Cash, II., 
113. He had repeatedly been called into 
cases of mania described as sudden, and 
almost invariably found the patient had 
been CRANKY for years. 

1873. MRS. EDWARDS, A Vagabond 
Heroine, in Temple Bar, June. ' On 
goes the CRANKY carriage, on goes the 
swearing driver and the high souled 
Burke.' 

1874. MRS. H. WOOD, Johnny Lud- 
l<nv, i S., No. III., p. 42. 'What's the 
matter now?" asked Mrs. Hall, in her 
CRANKY way. 

CRANNY, subs, (venery). The 
female pudendum. For syno- 
nyms, see MONOSYLLABLE. 



i (venery), 
The penis. For synonyms; see 
CREAMSTICK. 

CRAP, subs, (old); 1. Money ; 
sometimes CROP 1 . For synonyms, 
see ACTUAL and GILT. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.); 
s.v. 

1787. GROSE, Prov. Glossary and 
Diet. Vulg. Tongue [1785]. CRAP ... In 
the north it is sometimes used for money. 

2. (old). The gallows. For 
synonyms, see NUBBING CHEAT. 

1830. BULWERLYTTONi/^/C/Z^W, 

p. 255 (ed. 1854). ' Ah ! ' said Long Ned, 
with a sigh, 'that is all very well, Mr. 
Nabbem ; but I'll go to the CRAP like a 
gentleman.' 

1834. HARRISON AINSWORTH; Rook- 
ivootf. And what if, at length, boys, he 
comes to the CRAP Even rack punch has 
some bitter in it. 

3. (printers'). Type that has 
got mixed ; technically known as 
' pi.' [Here compared to excre- 
ment.] 



) trs. and intrs. (old). I. 
To hang ; to be CRAPPED = to be 
hanged. 



2. (common). To ease one- 
self by evacuation. For syno- 
nyms, see BURY A QUAKER and 
MRS. JONES. 

CRAPPED,///.^', (old). Ranged. 
[From CRAP (q.v., subs., sense 2), 
+ ED.] See CROPPED. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 



CRAPPING CASA, CASE, CASTLE or 
KEN, subs, (common). A water- 
closet. [From CRAP, verb, sense 
2 (q.v.), to ease oneself, + ING + 
CASA or KEN, a house.] For 
synonyms, see BURY A QUAKER 
and MRS. JONES. 

CRAPPING-CASTLE, subs, (hospital). 
A night-stool. 

CRASH, subs. (old). I. Entertain- 
ment. Probably a cant word. 
Nares. 

2. (theatrical). The machine 
used to suggest the roar of 
thunder ; a noise of desperate 
(and unseen) conflict ; an effect 
of * alarums, excursions ' generally. 

Verb (old). To kill. For 
synonyms, see COOK ONE'S 
GOOSE. 

CRASHING - CHEATS or CHETES, 

subs. (old). i. The teeth. [From 
CRASH, to break to pieces. 
+ ING + CHEAT, a thing, from 
A.S. ceat.~\ For synonyms, see 
GRINDERS. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (\Zi^), p. 64, 
s.v. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. v., p. 48 (1874), s.v. 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet., s v. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 



Crater. 



207 



Cream. 



2. (old). See quots. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 66. 
CRASHING CHETES : appels, peares, or any 
other fruit. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 37 (H. Club's Repr., 1874), CRASHING 
CHEATES : apples. 

CRATER, CRATUR, or CREATURE, 

subs, (old). Formerly, any kind 
of liquor, but now, Irish whiskey. 
[Fuller speaks of water as ' a 
CREATURE so common and need- 
ful,' and Bacon describes light as 
' God's first CREATURE.' Transi- 
tion is easy.] THE SKIN OF THE 
CREATURE = the bottle. For 
synonyms, see DRINKS. 

1598. SHAKSPEARE, 77. King: Henry 
IV., it. 2. My appetite was not princely 
got ; for, by my troth, I do now remember 
the poor CREATURE, small beer: 

1663. HOWARD,. The Committee, Act 
iv. Mrs. Day. Oh fie updn't ! who 
would have believ'd that we should have 
liv'd to have seen Obadiah overcome with 

the CREATURE. 

1683. S.B. Anacreon done into Eng- 
lish out of the original Greek. Oxford. 
There goes a very pleasant Story of him, 
that once having took a Cup too much of 
CREATURE, he came staggering homewards 
through the Market Place, etc; 

1772. GRAVES, Spiritual Quixote, \>\i. 
VII., ch. ii. You will never be able to 
hold out as Mr. Whitfield does. He seerris 
to like a bit of the good CRETUR as well 
as other folks. 

1816. SCOTT, Old Mortality, I., p. 
... I do most humbly request. . . that 
. . . thou wilt take off this measure, called 
by the profane a gill, of the comfortable 
CREATURE, which the carrial do denominate 
brandy. 

1836. M. SCOTT, Tom Cringle's Log, 
ch. xiv. He produced two bottles of 
brandy ... so we passed the CREATURE; 
round, and tried all we could to while away 
the tedious night. 

1812. Punch, vol. II., p.^. And 
reaching home refresh myself with a ' ker- 
vartern of the CRATUR !' 

1864. Good Words, p. 952. Well as 
an Irishman who had already paid for one 
pot of porter and a drop of the CRATER be- 
sides I was not going toi Hear anything 
against ould Ireland. 



CRAWL, subs, (tailors'). A work- 
man who curries favour with a 
foreman or employer; a 'lick- 
spittle' or 'bum-sucker.' 

CRAWLER, subs-, (common). i. A 
cab that leaves the rank and 
'crawls' the street in search of 
fares. 

I860. Daily News. It is said the 
question of making increased provisions for 
cab-stands, with a view to the restriction of 
the wandering cabs called CRAWLERS, is 
now under the consideration of the Chief 
Commissioner of Police. 

1885. Daily News, August 7, p. 5, 
col. i. How often does the driver of the 
CRAWLER increase his pace just as he sees 
some one venturing to attempt a crossing. 

2. (common). A contemp- 
tible person, especially a ' bum- 
sucker ' or 'lickspittle.' For 
synonyms, see SNIDE; 

1885. Evening News, 21 Sept., p. 4, 
col. i. The complainant called her father 
a liar, a bester, arid a CRAWLER. 

CRAWTHUMPERS, subs. (old). \. 
Roman Catholics, ' the Pope's 
cockrels' (1629). Also called 
BRISKET-BEATERS and, collec- 
tively, the BREAST-FL&ET. in 
America a CRAWTHUMPER = 
ari Irishman or DICK, i.e., aii 
Irish Catholic. 

1782. WOLCOT, Lyric Odes, No. 7; 
in wks; (1809) I., 69. We are no CRAW- 
THUMPERS, no devotees. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. CRAW 
THUMPERS : Romdn Catholics, so called 
from their beating their breasts in the con- 
fession of their siris. 

1889. Philadelphia Public Ledger 
[qvioted in 6". /. <Sr C. , p. 279]. Wanted 
a servant-maid. No puhngs or CRAW- 
THUMPERS need apply. 

CREAM, subs, (venery). The semi- 
rial fluid ; Marlowe's ' thrice < 
decocted blood ' ; the ' white - 
blow ' and the ' father-stuff ' of 
Whitman. A single drop is 
Called A SNOWBALL (q.V.}. 



Cream Cheese. 



208 



Cream- Stick. 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Butter ; 
buttermilk ; fuck ; white honey ; 
jelly ; baby-juice ; homebrewed ; 
jam ; ' delicious jam ' (Whitman); 
lather ; ' lewd infusion ' ; love- 
liquor ; milk ; rrilt ; ointment ; 
the oyster ; roe ; seed ; soap ; 
spendings ; sperm ; spermatic juice 
(Rochester) ; *>pume ; spunk ; 
starch; stuff; the tread. See 
COME. 

PORTUGUESE SYNONYMS. Leite 
( = milk); esporra ; langouha ( = 
a kind of thick gum). 

CREAM CHEESE. To MAKE ONE 

BELIEVE THE MOON IS MADE OF 

CREAM (or GREEN) CHEESE, 
verbal phr. (popular). To hum- 
bug ; to deceive ; to impose upon. 
For synonyms, see BAMBOOZLE 
and JOCKEY. 

CREAM FANCY. See BILLY, subs.. 



CREAM JUGS, subs. (Stock Ex- 
change). i. Charkof-Krements- 
chug Railway Bonds. 

1887. ATKIN, House Scraps. Oh ! 
supposing our CREAM-JUGS were broken, 
Or 'Beetles' were souring the ' Babies.' 

2. (common). The paps. 

CREAM OF THE VALLEY, also COLD 
CREAM, subs. phr. (common). 
Gin. C/., MOUNTAIN DEW = 
whiskey. For synonyms, see 
DRINKS. 

1858. A. MAYHEW, Paved -with Gold, 
ch. i., p. i. 'What's up, Jim? ... is it 
CREAM o' THE WAH.EY or fits as has over- 
come the lady ? ' 

1864. Comic Almanack, p. 63. COLD 
CREAM INTERNALLY. COLD CREAM is an 
excellent remedy for ' hot coppers.' 

CREAM-STICK, subs, (common). 
The penis. [Literally a STICK 
supplying CREAM (q.v. ). 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Aaron's 
Rod ; Adam's Arsenal (the penis 
and testes) ; the Old Adam ; arbor 
vitce ; arse-opener ; arse-wedge ; 
athenaeum ; bayonet ; bean-tos- 
ser ; beak ; beef (the penis and 
testes) ; bag of tricks (idem) ; 
belly -ruffian ; Billy - my - Nag ; 
bludgeon ; Blueskin ; bracmard 
(Urquhart) ; my body's captain 
(Whitman) ; broom-handle ; bum- 
tickler ; bu>h-beater ; bush- 
whacker ; butter-knife ; catso 
or gadso; child-getter; chink- 
stopper ; clothes-prop ; tlub ; 
cock ; concern ; copper-stick ; 
crack-hunter ; cracksman ; cranny- 
haunter ; cuckoo ; cunny- catcher ; 
'crimson chitterling' (Urquhart); 
dagger ; dearest member (Burns); 
dicky; dibble (Scots); dirk (Scots); 
Don Cypriano( Urquhart); do.dle; 
dropping member ; drumstick ; 
eye - opener ; father - confessor ; 
'cunny-burrow ferret' (Urquhart); 
fiddle-bow ; o-for-shame ; flute ; 
fornicator ; garden -engine and 
gardener (garden = the female 
pudendum) ; gaying instrument ; 
generation tool (C. Johnson and 
Urquhart) ; goose's neck ; cutty 
gun (Scots) ; gut-stirk ; hair-(or 
beard-)splitter; hair-divider ;Hang- 
ing Johnny ; bald-headed hermit; 
Irish root ; Jack-in-the-b- x ; Jack 
Robinson ; jargonelle ; Jezabel ; 
jiijgling-bone (Irish) ; jock (j.v. ); 
Dr. Johnson ; * Master John 
Goodfellow ' (Urquhart) ; Juhn- 
Thomas ; Master John Thursday ' 
(Urquhart) ; man Thomas; jolly- 
member ( Urquhart ) ; Julius 
Caesar; 'knock-Andrew' (Urqu- 
hart) ; lance of love ; Langolee 
(Irish) ; leather - stretcher ; life- 
preserver ; live sausage (Urqu- 
hart) ; Little Davy (Scots) ; 
lollipop ; lullaby ; machine ; 
'man-root' (Whitman) ; marrow- 
bone ; marrow-bone-and-cleaver ; 



Cream- Stick. 



209 



Creation. 



Member for Cockshire ; merry- 
maker; middle-leg; mouse; mole ; 
mowdiwort (Scots) ; Nebuchad- 
nezzar (cf., GREENS) ; nilnisis- 
tando (Urquhart) ; Nimrod ; nud- 
innudo (Urquhart); ' nine - inch 
knocker ' (Urquhart) ; old man ; 
peace-maker ; pecker ; pecnoster; 
pego ; pestle ; pike (Shakspeare) ; 
pike-staff; pile - driver ; pintle ; 
pizzle ; ploughshare ; plug-tail ; 
pointer ; ' poperine pear ' (Shaks- 
peare) ; Polyphemus ; * pond- 
snipe' (Whitman) ; prick (Shaks- 
peare and Fletcher) ; ' prickle ' ; 
privates, and private property 
(the penis and testes) ; ' privy 
member ' (Biblical) ; quim-stake ; 
ramrod ; 'Rector of the females ' 
(Rochester); Roger ; rolling-pin ; 
root ; rudder ; rump-splitter ; 
Saint Peter (who * keeps the 
keys of Paradise ') ; ' sausage ' 
(Sterne) ; sceptre ; shove-straight; 
sky - scraper ; solicitor - general ; 
spigot ; ' split-rump' (Urquhart) ; 
spindle; sponge (cf., RAMROD); 
staff of life ; stern-post ; sugar- 
stick ; tarse ; tent-peg ; thing ; 
'thumb of love' (Whitman); 
' tickle - gizzard ' (Urquhart) ; 
tickle-toby ; tool ; toy ; trifle 
(tailors') ; trouble-giblets ; tug- 
mutton ; unruly-member ; vestry- 
man ; watch-and-seals (the penis 
and testes) ; wedge ; whore-pipe 
(Rochester) ; wimble ; yard ; 
Zadkiel (almanack) = the female 
pudendum. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Le saw- 
sonnet (popular : literally a star- 
ling) ; h gluant (thieves' = Old 
Slimy. In Argot also ' a baby ') ; 
f asticot (properly = a flesh- 
worm) ; le jambot (Villon). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Bletzer 
(from Bletz = z. wedge ; bletzen = 
to beget) ; Breslauer (Viennese 



thieves' = magnum membrum 
virile ; also, a head -piece, and a 
large glass, or indeed any quan- 
tity of brandy) ; Bruder (also an 
expression belonging to the 
Fiesellange ; literally a brother. 
Cf., Schwesterlein, little sister = 
the female pudendTim) ; Butzel- 
mann (in Luther's Liber Vaa 
torum [1529] ; Buze = little man) ; 
Fiesel (supposed to be from 
Faser a birch-rod or fibre ; the 
Eng. feaze is also connected 
with it. Thus, Madchenfiesel, 
a * hot member ' ; Pechfiesel, 
a shoemaker, etc. Fiesellange 
signifies the language of the 
strong, i.e., those of the 'fellow- 
ship ' of thieves, burglars, and 
rowdies [Fr., coupeur], etc. In 
Vienna Fiesel = the lowest and 
most dangerous type of bawdy- 
house bully). Dickmann (also, 
an e gg or testicle) ; Pinke or 
Finke (Low German) ; Schmeichaz 
or Schmeiqaz (O.H.G. smeichen 
= to flatter, to laugh) ; Schwanz 
(also, a fool or boaster). 

PORTUGUESE SYNONYMS. Pae 
de todos ( = father of all) ; porra 
( = a strong stick) ; virgolleiro ( = 
that which deprives of virginity) ; 
pica ( = lance ; also, a measure 
equal in length to the handle of 
a long spear ; cf., Eng. YARD) ; 
bacamarte ( = a milk -giving gun); 
a montholia de Pastor ( = an oil- 
flask). 

CREAMY, adj. (general). Excellent; 
first-rate. For synonyms, see A I 
and FIZZING. 

CREATION. To BEAT or LICK CREA- 
TION, verbal phr. (American). 
To overpower ; excel ; surpass ; 
to be incomparable. English 
variants are ' to beat hollow, to 
sticks, or to fits,' etc. Cf., BIG 

AS ALL OUTDOORS. 

14 



Creeme. 



210 



Crevecceur. 



1848. BARTLETT, Diet, of Amer. 
' Proverbs' When a man runs his head 
against a post, he curses the post first, 
ALL CREATION next, and something else 
last, and never thinks of cursing himself. 

1862. Among the Mermaids. 'An 
Old Sailor's Yarn,' p. 86. The notion of 
finding the capting's cask pleased me 
mightily cos I knowed it would TICKLE 
the old man LIKE ALL CREATION. 

1888. Detroit Free Press, 14 Aug. 
I'm willin' to take advice. BEATS ALL 
CREATION how I mistook, but I shan't go 
agin yer words. 

CREEME, verb (old). To slip or 
slide anything into the hands of 
another. Grose [1785]. 

CREEPER, subs, (general). One 
who cringes and ' curries favour ' ; 
a 'skunk,' or SNIDE (q.v. y for 
synonyms), 

CREEPERS, subs, (common). I. 
The feet. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Dew- 
beaters ; beetle-crushers ; under- 
standings ; trotters ; tootsies : 
stumps (also the legs) ; ever- 
lasting shoes ; hocks ; boot-trees ; 
pasterns ; ards (Old Cant : now 
used as an adjective, = ' hot ') ; 
double-breasters ; daisy-beaters ; 
kickers; crabs; trampers; hockles; 
hoofs ; pudseys. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Les 
trottins (popular : trottiner, to go 
a jog-trot ; aller chercher les 
pardmts de Saint- Trottin, to take 
a walk instead of going to 
church) ; les reposoirs (common : 
properly [in sing.'} a resting place 
or pause ; also an altar set up in 
the streets for a procession) ; les 
ripatons (popular) ; les palerons 
(thieves' : properly, in sing., a 
shoulder - blade) ; les paturons 
(thieves': properly pasterns); les 
harpions (thieves' : also hands. 
Cotgrave has harpe d'un chien = a 



dog's claw or paw ; also, 11 mania 
tits bien ses harpes, He stirred his 
fingers very nimbly. \_Cf., 'pick- 
ers and stealers ' = ringers] ; les 
mains courantes (popular : liter- 
ally running hands). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Tretter 
(Cf., English 'trotter'); Tritt- 
ling, or Trittchen ( Hanoverian = 
shoe, boot, foot, or staircase) ; 
J^rittlingspflanzer or Trittling- 
smelochner (the shoemaker). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS Calcioso; 
pisante ; bottiero ; mazzo. 

2. (general). Lice. For 
synonyms, see CHATES. 

CREEPS, subs, (common). The 
peculiar thrill resulting from an 
undefinable sense of dread. 
[Literally a * crawling' of the 
flesh as with fear.] Also known 

as GOOSE-FLESH, COLD SHIVERS, 
and COLD WATER DOWN THE 
BACK. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers. 
I wants to make yer flesh CREEP. 

1864. E. YATES, Broken to Harness, 
ch. xiii. [Late Autumn.] Dreary down 
in the old country mansions . . . where the 
servants, town-bred, commence to be 
colded, sniffy, to have shivers and CREEPS. 

1870. London Figaro, 27 June. ' A 
River Romance.' Talking about bodies, 
I could give you the CREEPS with what I've 
seen. 

1883. The Lute, 15 Jan., p. 18, col. 2. 
We see the great tragedian holding on to 
a chair, and giving his audience CREEPS 
with the ' Dream of Eugene Aram.' 

1890. Globe, 22 May, p. i, col. 4. 
Miss Gertrude is the sister of Mrs. 
Chanler-Rives (better known as Amelie, 
or still better as the writer of The Quick 
or the Dead, by which many ladylike 
persons have been given ' the CREEPS '). 

CREVECCEUR. See HEART- 

BREAKER. 



211 



Crib. 



CREVICE, subs, (vencry). The 
female pudendtim. For syno- 
nyms, see MONOSYLLABLE. 

Cm, subs, (popular). The Cri- 
terion, theatre and restaurant, 
at Piccadilly Circus. 

c. 1886. Broadside Ballad, c Another 
Fellah's.' Round into the CRI ev'ry 
evening I slip, And deep in the pale 
sparkling bitter I dip. 

CRIB, subs. (old). I. The stomach. 
Cf., CRIBBING, sense i. [A 
transferred sense of CRIB = a 
manger, rack, or feeding place. 
Cf., Isaiah i., 3, ' The ox know- 
eih his owner, and the ass his 
master's CRIB.'] For synonyms, 
see BREAD-BASKET and VICTUAL- 
LING OFFICE. 

1656. BROME, Jovial Crew, Act. ii. 
Here's pannum and lap, and good poplars 
of Yarrum, To fill up the CRIB, and to 
comfort the quarron. 

2. (colloquial). A house ; 
place of abode ; apartments ; 
lodgings ; shop ; warehouse ; 
'den,' ' diggings,' or 'snuggery.' 
For synonyms, see DIGGINGS. 
[From A.S., crib, or cribb a small 
habitation.] 

1598. SHAKSPEARE, King Henry IV. 
Why, rather, sleep, liest thou in smoky 
CRIBS, Than in the perfumed chambers of 
the great ? 

1830. BuLWERLYTTON,/^/C/Z^r^, 

p. 80 (ed. 1854). Now, now in the CRIB, 
where a ruffler may lie, Without fear that 
the traps should distress him. 

1837. DICKENS, Oliver Twist, ch. 
xix. The CRIB'S barred up at night like a 
jail. 

1847. Illus. London News, 22 May. 
The burglar has his CRIB in Clerkenwell. 

1860. Chambers" Journal, vol. XIII., 
p. 212. He said he was awful flattered 
like by the honour of seeing two such 
gents at his CRIB. 



1882. Daily News, 5 Oct., p. 5, col. 2. 
To manage escapes from prison success- 
fully is only an application of the prin- 
ciples which enable the burglar to crack 
the rural CRIB and appropriate the swag 
of her Majesty's peaceful subjects. 

3. (popular). A situation, 
' place,' or ' berth.' [The transi- 
tion from subs. % sense 2, is easy 
and natural.] 

4. (school and University). 
A literal translation surrepti- 
tiously used by students ; also a 
theft of any kind ; specifically, 
anything copied without acknow- 
ledgment. [See verb., sense 2.] 
For synonyms, see PONY. 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 185. He has 
with a prudent forethought stuffed his 
CRIBS inside his double-breasted waist- 
coat. 

1853. C. BEDE, Verdant Green, pt. 
I., p. 64. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, ch. 
xxii. I wish I had read Greek a little 
more at school . . . when we return I 
think I shall try and read it with CRIBS. 

1856. T. HUGHES, Tom Brown's 
School-days, pt. II., ch. vi. Tom, I 
want you to give up using vulgus books 
and CRIBS. 

1889. Globe, 12 Oct., p. i, col. 4. 
Always, it seems likely, there will be men 
' going up ' for examinations ; and every 
new and again, no doubt, there will be 
among them a wily ' Heathen Pass-ee' like 
him of whom Mr. Hilton speaks who 
had CRIBS up his sleeve, and notes on his 
cuff. 

5. (thieves'). A bed. [See 
subs., senses 2 and 3.] 

1827. MAGINN, from Vidocq. Lend 
me a lift in the fanvly way. You may 
have a CRIB to stow in. 

Verb (colloquial). I To steal 
or pilfer ; used specifically of 
petty thefts. For synonyms, see 
PRIG. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
CRIB (v.) : to with-hold, keep back, pinch, 



Cribbage-Face. 



212 



Crib-Cracker. 



or thieve a part out of money given to lay 
out for necessaries. 

1772. FOOTE Nabob, Act i. There 
are a brace of birds and a hare, that I 
CRIBBED this morning out of a basket of 
game. 

1846. T. HOOD, Ode to Rae Wilson, 
Esqr., wks., vol. IV., p. 224. Yet sure of 
Heaven themselves, as if they'd CKIBB'D 
Th' impression of St. Peter's keys in wax. 

1855. ROBERT BROWNING, Men and 
Women. Fra Lippo Lippi, ed. 18^3, 
p. 351. Black and white I drew From 
good old gossips waiting to confess Their 
CRIBS of barrel-droppings, candle-ends. 

1889. Answers, 27 July, page 141, 
col. i. He knew that if the manuscript 
got about the Yankees would think it a 
smart thing to CRIB it. 

2. (school and University). 
To use a translation ; to cheat at 
an examination ; to plagiarise. 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 177. CRIBBING 
his answers from a tiny manual of know- 
ledge, two inches by one-and-a-half in 
size, which he hides under his blotting- 
paper. 

1856. T. HUGHES, Tom Browns 
School-days, pt. II., ch. iii. Finishing up 
with two highly moral lines extra, making 
ten in all, which he CRIBBED entire from 
one of his books. 

To CRACK A CRIB. See under 
CRACK. 



CRIBBAGE-FACE and CRIBBAGE- 
FACED, subs, and adj. phr. (com- 
mon). Pock-marked and like 
a cribbage - board. Otherwise 
COLANDER - FACED, CRUMPET- 
FACED, PIKELET - FACED, and 
MOCKERED (q.V.). 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Avoir 
un grenier a lentilles (popular : a 
cock-loft, granary, or garret, for 
the storage of lentils) ; ne pas 
s'etre assure contre la grele (popu- 
lar : ?<?/,?= hail); un morceau de 
gruyere (popular : th.it cheese 
being honeycombed with holes) ; 
avoir un moule ft gaufres (popular: 
nioule = mould ; gaufre -~ a 



cake) ; une ecumoire (familiar : 
properly a skimmer) ; poele a 
chataignes (potle = frying pan and 
ch&taignes = chestnuts ; the colan- 
der-like shovel for roasting chest- 
nuts). 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CRIBBAGE-FACED : marked with the small- 
pox, the pits bearing a kind of resem- 
blance to the holes in a cribbage-board. 

CRIBBER, subs, (military). A 
grumbler. [A horse that gnaws 
his crib or manger.] Cf., CRIB- 
BI i ER, and for synonyms, see 
RUSTY-GUTS. 

CRIBBEYSOrCRIBBY-ISLANDS,.W^. 

(old). Blind alleys, courts, and 
bye-ways ; Fr., culs-de-sac. 

CRIBBING, verbal subs. (old). i. 
Food and Drink. Cf., CRIB, 
sense i. 

1656. R. BROME, A Jovial Crew. 
For all this ben CRIBBING and Peck let us 
then, Bowse a health to the gentry cofe of 
the ken. 

2. (schools' and University and 
general). Stealing ; purloining ; 
using a translation. Cf., CRIB, 
subs. , sense 4. 

1862. FARRAR, St. Winifred's, ch. 
xxxv. They would not call it stealing but 
bagging a thing, or, at the worst, CRIBBING 
it concealing the villainy under a new 
name. 

CRIB-BITER, subs, (common). An 
inveterate grumbler. [Properly 
a horse that worries his crib, 
rack, manger, or groom, and at 
the same time draws in his breath 
so as to make the peculiar noise 
called wind -sucking.] French 
equivalents are un gourgousseur ; 
un reme ; un rtnficleur ; and un 
renaudeur. See CRIBBER. 

CRIB-CRACKER, subs, (general). A 
housebreaker. 



Crib-Cracking. 



213 



Cripple. 



1880. G. R. SIMS, How the Poor 
Live, p. ii. The little boys look up half 
with awe and half with admiration at the 
burly Sikes with his flash style, and 
delight in gossip concerning his talents as 
a CRIB-CRACKER, and his adventures as a 
pickpocket. 

CRIB-CRACKING, verbal subs. 
(thieves'). Housebreaking. 

1852. Punch, vol. XXIII., p. 161. 
With higher ambition Bill Sykes he 
burned, And becoming experteras he grew 
older, From cly-faking to CRIB-CRACKING 
turned. 

CRIES. See STREET CRIES. 

CRIKEY! CRACKY! CRY! infj. 
(common). Formerly, * a pro- 

fane oath ' ; now a mere expres- 
sion of astonishment. [A corrup- 
tion of 'Christ.'] 



1837. R. H. BARHAM, The Ingoldsby 
Legends (ed. 1862), p. 276. It would 
make you exclaim, 'twould so forcibly 
strike ye, If a Frenchman Superbe! if 
an Englishman CRIKEY ! 

1841. Comic Almanack, p. 275. Oh ! 
CRIKEY, Bill ; vot a conch that lady's 
got! 

1853. Diogenes, II., 54. O, CRIKEY! 
the switching I got, At the hand of the 
cruel old miser. 

1888. W. E. HENLEY. 'Culture in 
the Slums.' ' O CRIKEY, Bill ! ' she says 
to me, she ses. ' Look sharp,' ses she, 
' with them there sossiges.' 

CRIMINI, CRIMINEY, or CRIMES I 

See CRIKEY. [Possibly the latter 
usage has been influenced by 
crimen meum, my fault.] 

1700. FARQUHAR, Constant Couple, 
Act iv., Sc. i. Murder 'd my brother ! O 
CRIMINI ! 

1816. SCOTT, Antiquary, ch. xvi. 
"A monument of a knight - templar on 
each side of a Grecian porch, and a Ma- 
donna on the top of it ! O CRIMINI ! 

1841. The Comic Almanack, p. 280. 
' A Lament for Bartlemy Fair.' Oh ! lawk ; 
oh ! dear ; oh ! CKIMENY me ; what a 
downright sin and a shame. 



CRIMSON. To MAKE THINGS LOOK 
CRIMSON, verbal phr. (American). 
To indulge in a drunken frolic J 

to PAINT THE TOWN RED (q.V.). 

CRIMSON CHITTERLINQ, subs. phr. 
(old). The penis. Used by 
Urquhart. For synonyms, see 
CRKAMSTICK. 

CRINCLE-POUCH, subs. (old). A 
sixpence. For synonyms, see 
BENDER. 

1593. ' Bacchus' Bountie,' Harl. Misc., 
II., p. 270 [ed. 1808-11]. See then the 
goodnes of this so gracious a god, al yee, 
which in the driest drought of summer, 
had rather shroude your throates with a 
handfull of hemp, than with the expence 
of an odde CRINCLEPOUCH, wash your- 
selues within and without, and make 
yourselues as mery as dawes. 

CRINKUM-CRANKUM, subs. (old). 
The female pudendum. [Pro- 
perly a winding way.] For syno- 
nyms, see MONOSYLLABLE. 

CRINKUMS, subs, (old). A vene- 
real disease. Cf., CRINKUM- 
CRANKUM. For synonyms, see 
LADIES' FEVER. 

CRINOLINE, subs, (common). A 
woman. For synonyms, see 
PETTICOAT. 

CRIPPLE, subs. (old). i. A'snid' 
(Scots) or sixpence. [See quots., 
1785 and 1885.] For synonyms, 
set BENDER. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CRIPPLE : six pence, that piece being 
commonly much bent and distorted. 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Life's Painter, 
p. 178, s.v. 

1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memo- 
rial, p. 25, n. A bandy or CRIPPLE, a 
sixpence. 

1885. Household Words, 20 June, p- 
155. The sixpence is a coin more liable to 
bend than most others, so it is not surpris. 



Crisp. 



214 



Croaker. 



ing to find that several of its popular names 
have reference to this weakness. It is 
called a bandy, a ' bender,' a CRIPFLE. 

2. (common). An awkward 
oaf ; also a dullard. Fr., mala- 
patte (popular : properly mal 
& la patte). [Figurative for one 
that creeps, iimps, or halts 
whether physically or mentally.] 
Cf., sense 3, arid Go IT, YOU 

CRIPPLES. 

3. (Wellington College). A 
dolt ; literally one without a leg 
to stand on. Cf., sense 2, and 

GO IT, YOU CRIPPLES. 

GO IT, YOU CRIPPLES ! phr. 

(general). A sarcastic comment 
on strenuous effort ; frequently 
used without much sense of fit- 
ness ; e.g., when the person 
addressed is a capable athlete. 
WOODEN LEGS ARE CHEAP is 
sometimes added as an intensi- 
tive. 

1840. THACKERAY, Cox's Diary. 
1 Striking a balance,' p. 229. ' O ! come 
along.' said Lord Lollypop, 'come along 
this way, ma'am ! Go IT, YE CRIPPLES. 

CRISP, s^^bs. (popular). A bank- 
note. For synonyms, see SOFT. 

CRISPIN, subs, (common). A shoe- 

maker. [From Saints Crispin 

and Crispianus, the patrons of the 

* gentle craft,' z>., shoemaking.] 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

1861. Punch, vol. XLL, p. 246. 
CRISPIN, everybody knows to be a name for 
a shoemaker. 

ST. CRISPIN'S LANCE, subs. 
phr. (old). An awl. [From 
CRISPIN (q.v.) + LANCE, a weap- 
on.] Fr., une lance. 



Every Monday throughout the 
year, but most particularly the 



25th of October, being the anni- 
versary of Crispinus and Crispi- 



CROAK, subs, (thieves'). A dying 
speech, especially the confession 
of a murderer. Also the same 
as printed for sale in the streets 

by a ' FLYING STATIONER. 

[From the verbal sense (q.v.).] 

1887. A. BARRERE, Argot and Slang, 
p. 272. The criminal . . . would per- 
haps, utter for the edification of the crowd 
his ' tops, or CROAKS,' that is, his last 
dying speech. 

1887. W. E. HENLEY, Villon's 
Straight Tip. Go crying CROAKS, or 
flash the drag. 

Verb. To die. For synonyms, 
see ALOFT. 

CROAKER, subs. (old). I. A six- 
pence. For synonyms, see BEN- 
DER, 

2. (old). A beggar, 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 3 
ed., p. 444, s.v. 

3. (common). A dying per- 
son. See CROAK, verbal sense. 

4. (common). A corpse, 
[From CROAK, verb, sense, through 
CROAKER, senses 2 and 3.] For 
synonyms, see DEAD-MEAT, 

5. (provincial). See quot, 

1886. Ulster Echo, 31 July, p. 4. The 
inspector of nuisances said the meat was 
known as CROAKER, or the flesh of an 
animal which had died a natural death. 

6. (prison). A doctor [con- 
nected with CROCUS, but influenced 
by CROAKER, subs., senses 2, 3, 
and 4.] 

1889. Evening News [quoted in 
Slang, f argon, and Cant], One man who 
had put his name for the ' butcher ' or 
CROAKER, would suddenly find that he had 
three ounces of bread less to receive, and 
then a scene would ensue. 



Crbakumskire. 



215 



Crocus. 



7. (common). A person, male 
or female, who sees everything CM 
noir, and whose conversation is 
likened to that of the raven, 
which is a bird of ill -omen. See 
Goldsmith's Good Natured Man. 
Fr. , un glas also a passing bell. 

C ROAKU M SH I R E,subs. (old). North- 
umberland. [Grose : ' from the 
particular croaking in the pro- 
nunciation of the people of that 
county, especially about New- 
castle and Morpeth, where they 
are said to be born with a burr 
in their throats, which prevents 
their pronouncing the letter 'r.'] 

CROCK, subs, (common). A worth- 
less animal ; a fool ; said of a 
horse il signifies a good-for-nothing 
brute ; of a man or woman, a 
duffer, a 'rotter.' [Most likely 
from the Scots CROCK = an old 
sheep.] 

1887. Sporting Times, 12 March, 
p. 2, col. 5. The wretched CROCKS that 
now go to the post will be relegated to 
more appropriate work. 

1889. Birdo' Freedom, 7 Aug., p. 3, 
For five minutes that CROCK went about 
twice as fast as it had ever done. 

1889. Illustrated Bits, 13 July, ' I 
say,' said the Lumberer to the Old Hermit, 
as they stood at the mouth of the Cave 
listening to the song birds, ' you are getting 
a bit of a CROCK failing fast, I should 
say.' 



CROCKETTS, subs. (Winchester Col- 
lege). A kind of bastard cricket, 
sometimes called ' small CRO- 
CHETTS.' Five stumps are used 
and a fives ball, with a bat of 
plain deal about two inches broad, 
or a broomstick. 

1870. MANSFIELD, School - Life at 
Winchester College, p. 122. The more 
noisily disposed would indulge in ... 
playing Hicockolorum, or CROCKETTS. 



TO GET CROCKETTS, verbal 
pht. To fail to score at cricket ; 
to make a duck's egg. 

CROCODILE, subs. (University). 
A girl's school walking two and 
two. 



CROCUS, CROCUS - METALLORUM 
or CROAKUS, subs, (common). 
A doctor ; specifically, a quack. 
[Conjecturally, a derivative of 
CROAK = to die. Cf. t quot. 1781, 
under CROCUSSING RIG.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Pill ; 
squirt ; butcher ; croaker ; corpse- 
provider ; bolus ; clyster ; galli- 
pot. [Several of these terms also 
= an apothecary.] 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un 
dragtieur (popular : literally a 
dredging machine) ; un cliabeau 
(a doctor at St. Lazare) ; un 
bentvole (popular : a young doc- 
tor, especially one walking the 
hospitals) ; un marchandde marts 
subites (common : literally 'a 
dealer in sudden death.' Cf., 
CORPSE PROVIDER). 

GERMAN SYNONYM. Rofe or 
Raufe (from the Hebrew). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Maggio 
(signifying God, king, lord, and 
pope) ; posteggiatore (literally ' he 
that places ' ; used of any char- 
latan, but particularly of a quack 
doctor) ; dragon difarda. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CROCUS or CROCUS METALLORUM : a nick- 
name for the surgeons of the army and 
navy. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Land. Poor, vol. I., p. 231 (quoted in 
list of patterer's words). 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 
3 fid. p., 444, s.v. 



Crocus-Chovey. 



216 



Crooked. 



CROCUS-CHOVEY (vagrants' and 
thieves'). A doctor's shop. From 
[CROCUS = doctor + CHOVEY, 
a shop.] 

CROCUS-PITCHER, suds, (vagrants' 
and thieves'). A quack am- 
bulant. [From CROCUS (q.v.}, a 
doctor, + PITCHER, one that 
stands in the street to hold forth 
concerning his business.] 

CROCUSSING-RIG, subs, (old), 
Travelling from place to place as 
a quack doctor. [From CROCUS 
(q.v.), a doctor, + ING + RIG, 
a performance or trick.] 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
II., 171. CROCUSSING RIG is performed 
"by men and women, who travel as Doctors 
or Doctoresses. 

CRONE, subs, (showmen's). A 
clown or buffoon. 

CROOK, subs. (old). i. A sixpence. 
[An abbreviation of CROOKBACK 
&-.).] 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Life's Painter, 
p. 178, s.v. 

2. (general). A thief; 
swindler ; one who gets things ON 
THE CROOK (q.V.}. 

1887. Orange Journal, 16 April. 
Strange as the statement may seem, the 
public know nothing of the work of a 
really clever CROOK, and the police them- 
selves know very little more. The ex- 
planation of this ignorance is a very 
simple one. A CROOK whose methods are 
exposed is a second-rate CROOK. 

ON THE CROOK, adv. phr. 
(thieves'). The antithesis of ON 

THE STRAIGHT (q.V.']. Cf. y ON 
THE CROSS. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
Mao-., XL., 503. Which he had bought 
ON THE CROOK (dishonestly). 

TO CROOK (or COCK) THE 

ELBOW, or the LITTLE FINGER, 



verbal phr. (popular). To drink. 
[A French colloquialism, identical 
in meaning, is lever le coude ; a 
hard drinker is un adroit du 
coude.~\ For synonyms, see LUSH. 

1871. DE VERE, Americanisms. 
To CROOK THE ELBOW, is one of the 
many slang terms for drinking. 

1877. BESANT AND RICE, With Harp 
and Cro-ivn, ch. xix. The secretary 
. . . might have done great things in 
literature but for his unfortunate CROOK 
OF THE ELBOW. As he only CROOKS it at 
night, it does not matter to the hospital. 

1888. Detroit Free Press, 3 May, 
P. 4, col. i. I'll .... ask him to take 
a drink, chat with him while he CROOKS 
His ELBOW. 

CROOK-BACK, subs, (old). A six- 
penny piece, many of the slang 
names of which suggest a bashed 
and battered appearance; e.g., 
1 bender,' ' cripple,' ' crook,' 
CROOKBACK, etc. Quoted by 
Grose [1785]. For synonyms, see 
BENDER. 

CROOKED, ppl. adj. (colloquial). 
Disappointing ; the reverse of 
STRAIGHT (q t Vt}; pertaining to 
the habits, ways, and customs of 
thieves. See ON THE CROOK. 
So also, mutatis mutandis, CROOK- 
EDNESS = rascality of every kind. 

1837. Comic Almanack, p. 94. 
Things have gone very CROOKED. 

,1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. ii., p. 126. The prisoner's friend was 
also a ' fly' man, and he immediately saw 
how he could thoroughly pay off the 
CROOKED officer. 

1884. Daily Telegraph, 22 Jan., p. 3, 
col. i. My time was up the same day as 
that of two lads of the CROOKED school ; 
it was through them that I took to 
thieving. 

1884. Echo, 28 Jan., p. 4, col. i. 
Last season will be long remembered in 
the racing world for the CROOKEDNESS of 
some owners. 

1888. Detroit Free Press, 3 Nov. 
' What are you trying to get out of me ? ' 
' I am going to see that to-night you are 



Crooky. 



217 



Cross. 



better lodged to begin with. I may 
decide to do more, but that will depend 
pretty much on yourself.' ' Nothing 
CROOKED, is it?' asked the other, sus- 
piciously ! 

CROOKED AS A VIRGINIA (or 
SNAKE) FENCE, phr* (American). 
Uneven ; zig-zag ; said of mat- 
ters or persons difficult to keep 
' straight.' To MAKE A VIRGINIA 
FENCE is to walk unsteadily, as a 
drunkard. The Virginia fences 
zigzag with the soil. 

CROOKY, verb (common). To 
hang on to ; to lead ; to walk 
arm-in-arm ; to court or pay ad- 
dresses to a girl. For synonyms, 
see TROT OUT. 

CROP. See CRAP, sense i. 

CROPPED,///.^', (old). Hanged. 
For synonyms, see LADDER and 
TOPPED. 

1J81. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
II., 30. Sentencing some more to be 
CRAPPED (sic) [hanged]. 

CROPPER, subs, (common). A 
heavy fall or failure of any kind ; 
generally ' to come a CROPPER.' 
[Originally hunting.} Analagous 
French phrases are avoir une dis- 
cussion avec le pave (literally ' to 
argue with the pavement ') ; 
prendre un billet de parterre (a 
punning play upon words : the 
pit of a theatre is parterre \par 
terre = on the ground : hence 
to take a ticket for the pit) ; se 
lithographier (popular). For 
synonyms in a metaphorical sense, 
see Go TO POT. 

1868. Echoes ft om the Clubs, 23 Dec. 
'Pleasures of th. Hunting Field.' In 
short, it is fox-hunting which ... in- 
duces the belief that life is a mistake 
without occasional CROPPERS. 

1869. H. ]. BYRON, Not such a Fool 
as He Looks [French's Acting ed.], p. 8. 



Mr. Topham Sawyer missed his own tip 
as well as his wictim's, and CAME DOWN A 
CROPPER on a convenient doorstep. 

1880. A. TROLLOPE, The Dukes 
Children, ch. Ixvii. Talking to his father 
he could not quite venture to ask what 
might happen if he were TO COME A 

CROPPER. 

1883. Daily News, 24 Jan., p. 5, col. 
3. Ouida treads ' alone, aloft, sublime ' 
where Astraea might fear to pass, and 
though she COMES what men call CROPPERS 
over a thousand details, she is sublimely 
unconscious of her blunders. 



CROPPIE or CROPPY, subs. (old). 
Originally applied to criminals 
CROPPED as to their ears and 
their noses by the public exe- 
cutioner ; subsequently, to con- 
victs, in allusion to their close 
CROPPED hair; hence to any 
person whose hair was cut close 
to the head ; e.g., the Puritans 
and the Irish Rebels of 1789. 

1870. SIR G. C. LEWIS, Letters, p. 
410. Wearing the. hair short and without 
powder was, at this time, considered a 
mark of French principles. Hair so worn 
was called a ' crop.' Hence Lord Mel- 
bourne's phrase, 'crop-imitating wig' 
[Poetry of Anti-Jacobin, p. 41]. This is 
the origin of CROPPIES, as applied to the 
Irish rebels of 1789. 

1877-79. GREEN, Short Hist. Eng. 
People, ch. x., The CROPPIES, as the Irish 
insurgents were called in derision from 
their short-cut hair. 

CROPPLED. To BE CROPPLED, 
verbal phr. (Winchester College). 
To fail in an examination ; to 
be sent down at a lesson. 

CROPPY. See CROPPIE. 

CROPS, verbal phr* To GO AND 

LOOK AT THE CROPS = tO leave 

the room for the purpose of 
consulting MRS. JONES (q.v.). 

CROSS, subs, (thieves'). I. A 
pre-arranged swindle. In its 
special sporting signification a 



Cross. 



218 



Cross. 



CROSS is an arrangement to lose 
on the part of one ot the prin- 
cipals in a fight, or any kind of 
match. When both principals 
conspire that one shall win, it is 
called a DOUBLE CROSS (g.v.). 
[Obviously a shortened form of 
CROSS-BITE (g.v.) verbal sense).] 

1834. W. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood. 
Two milling coves, each vide avake, Vere 
backed to fight for heavy stake ; But in the 
mean time, so it vos, Both kids agreed to 
play a CROSS. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 39. ' As sure as 
the sun shines, Askpart '11 lick 'em ; if so 
be,' he added significantly, 'as there ain't 
no CROSS.' 

1867. A. TROLLOPE, Claverings, ch. 
-xxx. I always suppose every horse will 
run to win ; and though there may be a 
CROSS now and again, that's the surest line 
to go upon. 

2. (thieves'). A thief; also 

CROSS-MAN, CROSS-COVE, CROSS- 
CHAP, SQUIRE, KNIGHT, or LAD, 
OF THE CROSS, etc. [Literally 
- a man ON THE CROSS (q.v.}.~\ For 
synonyms, see THIEVES. 

1830. BULWER LYTTON, Paul Clif- 
ford^ p. 72, ed. 1854. There is an excellent 
fellow near here, who keeps a public-house, 
and is a firm ally and generous patron of 
the LADS OF THE CROSS. Ibid, p. 140. 
Gentlemen of the Road, the Street, the 
Theatre and the Shop ! Prigs, Toby-men, 
and SQUIRES OF THE CROSS ! 

1834. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood, bk. 
IV., ch. ii. Never a CROSS COVE of us 
all can throw off so prime a chant as your- 
self. 

1864. Cornhill Magazine, II., 336, 
In the following verse, taken from a pet 
flash song, you have a comic specimen of 
this sort of guilty chivalry : ' A CROSS 
COVE is in the street for me, And I a poor 
girl of low degree ; If I was as rich as I 
am poor, Ye never should go on the cross 
no more." 

Verb. I. To play false in a 
match of any kind. 

1887. W. E. HENLEY AND R. L. 
STEVENSON, Deacon Brodie, Activ., So. 3. 
What made you CROSS the fight and play 
booty with your owa man ? 



2. (venery). To possess or 
' cover ' a woman. 

CROSS IN THE AIR, subs. phr. 
(volunteers'). A rifle carried 
butt-end upwards. 

3. (colloquial). To thwart ; 
to baffle ; to spoil. 

1709. MATTHEW PRIOR, The" Thief, 
etc. There the squires of the pad and the 
knights of the post, Find their fears no 
more balked and their hopes no more 

CROSSED. 

To PLAY A CROSS, verbal phr. 
See CROSS, suds., sense I ; and 
verb, sense I. 

1834. W. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood, 
p. 257 (ed. 1864), Zoroaster was just the 
man to lose a fight ; or, in the language of 
the Fancy, to PLAY A CROSS. 

TO SHAKE THE CROSS, verbal 
phr. (American thieves'). To 
quit the CROSS and go ON THE 

SQUARE (g.V.). 

1877. S. L. CLEMENS ('Mark 
Twain'), Life on the Mississippi, ch. Hi., 
p. 459. The day my time was up, you told 
me if i would SHAKE THE CROSS and live on 
the square for three months, it would be the 
best job i ever done in my life. 

To BE CROSSED, verbal phr. 
(University). Thus explained in 
a University Guide : For not 
paying term bills to the bursar 
(treasurer), or for cutting chapels, 
or lectures, or other offences, an 
undergrad can be CROSSED at the 
buttery, or kitchen, or both, i.e., 
a CROSS is put against his name 
by the Don, who wishes to see 
him, or to punish him. 

1853. REV. E. BRADLEY, ('Cuthbert 
Bede'), Verdant Green, pt. II., ch. x. 
Sir ! You will translate all your lectures ; 
have your name CROSSED on the buttery and 
kitchen books ; and be confined to chapel, 
hall, and college. 



Cross-Belts. 



219 



Cross-Biting. 



See also CROSS, verb, sense I. 
ON THE CROSS, phr. The 

opposite of ON THE SQUARE (q.V.). 

Cf., ON THE CROOK. 

1861. H. KINGSLEY, Ravenshoe, ch. 
xxxv. [Chas. Ravenshoe to Shoeblack} 
' Have you any brothers?' ' Five altogether. 
Jim was gone for a sojer, it appeared ; and 
Nipper was sent over the water, Harry was 
gone ON THE CROSS.' 'ON THE CROSS?' 
said Charles. ' Ah,' the boy said, ' he goes 
out cly-faking and such. He's a.prig, and 
a smart one, too. He's/?jc, is Harry.' 

1868. OUIDA, Under Two Flags, ch. 
v. Rake had seen a good deal of men and 
manners, and, in his own opinion at least, 
was ' up to every dodge ON THE CROSS ' that 
this iniquitous world could unfold. 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 244. We went down to a bloke 
I knew up in one of the streets leading off 
the Euston road who did a little ON THE 
CROSS now and again, to see what he'd stand 
for the ^300. 

1884. Echo, i March, p. 3, col. 6. 
Prisoner knew they were stolen, and said he 
could get rid of any quantity of similar 
articles that were got ON THE CROSS, a 
slang expression for stolen goods. 

1889. Answers, 8 June, p. 25. One 
of them then came a little nearer, and pro- 
duced a good gold scarf pin, worth, perhaps, 
,2 or $, and asked if I would buy it, add- 
ing it was ON THE CROSS (stolen), and I 
could have it for 23., as they wanted a shil- 
ling to get a bed. 

CROSS- BELTS, subs, (military). 
The Eighth Hussars. [The re- 
giment wears the sword belt 
over the right shoulder in memory 
of the Battle of Saragossa, where 
it took the belts of the Spanish 
cavalry. This privilege was con- 
firmed by the King's Regulations 
of 1768. 



CROSS- BITE, subs. 
CROSS-BITING* 



(old). See 



Verb (old). To cheat; to 
scold ; to hoax. [Nares thinks 
it a compound of CROSS and BITE. 
It has suffered a double abbrevia- 



tion, both its components being 
used substantively and verbally in 
the same sense.] For synonyms, 
see STIFF. 

1581. RICHE, Farewell to Militarie 
Profession. She was such a devill of her 
tongue, and would so CROSSEBiTEhym with 
suche tauntes and spightful quippes. 

1593. G. HARVEY, New Letter, in 
wks. I., 274 (Grosart). If he playeth at 
fast and loose . . . whom shall he conny 
catch, or CROSBITE, but his cast-away 
selfe. 

1717. PRIOR, Alma, canto iii. As 
Nature slily had thought fit For some by 
ends to CROSS-BIT wit. 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, ch. 
xxiii. I know I know ugh but I'll 
CROSS-BITE him. 



CROSS-BITER, su6s. (old). A 
cheat ; swindler ; or hoaxer. 
[From CROSS-BITE, verb (q.v.},+ 
ER.] Fr. , un goureur. 

1592. ROBERT GREENE, Blacke Bookes 
Messenger [part of title]. Laying open 
the Life and Death of Ned Browne, one of 
the most notable Cutpurses, CROS-BITERS, 
and Coneycatchers. 

1669. Nicker Nicked, in Harl. Misc. 
(ed. Park), II., 108, s.v. 

1681. A Dialogue, etc., in Harl. Misc. 
(ed. Park), II., 126. I think nobody knows 
what he is ; but I take him to be a CROSS- 
BITER. 

CROSS-BITING, verbal subs, (old). 
A deception ; cheat ; or hoax. 
Cf., CROSS-BITE, verb. 

1576. WHETSTONE, Rocke of Regard, 
p, 50. CROSBITING, a kind of cousoning, 
under the couler of friendship ; and in his 
epistle to the readers, The cheter will fume 
to see his CROSBITING and cunning shiftes 
decyphered. 

1586. MARLOWE, Jew of Malta, IV^, 
v. Like one that is employed in catzerie 
[knavery] and CROSSBITING. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark=ali, 
p. 53 (H. Club's Repr., 1874). He [Law- 
rence Crosbiter] first vsed that art which 
now is named CROSBITING, and from whose 
name this damned art (CROSBITING) tooke 
her first call, as if Laurence Crosbiter 
first inuented the same. 



Cross- Buttock. 22 Cross the Damp- Pot. 



1839. W. H.AINSWORTH,/.^//<I/, 1834. AINSWORTH, Rookwood. The 

p. 126, ed. 1840. 'The devil,' ejaculated mill is o'er, the GROSSER crost, The 
Jonathan. ' Here's a CROSS-BITE.' loser's won, the vinner's lost ! 



CROSS-BUTTOCK, subs, (athletics'). 
A peculiar throw in wrestling. 
Also used as a verb and verbal 
subs. 

1690. D'URFBY, Collins Walk, c. 
ii. , p. 74. When th' hardy Major, skilled 
in Wars, To make quick end of fight pre- 
pares, By Strength or'e BUTTOCK CROSS to 
nawl him, And with a trip i' th' Inturn 
maul him. 

1742. ' Handbill,' in P. Egan's Boxf 
ana, vol. I., p. 45. I doubt not but I shall 
prove the truth of what I have asserted, by 
pegs, darts, hard blows, falls, and CROSS- 
BUTTOCKS. 

1760. SMOLLETT, L. Greaves, vol. II., 
ch. viii. lie was on his legs again . . . 
but, instead of accomplishing his purpose, 
he received a CROSS-BUTTOCK. 

1836. M. SCOTT, Cringles Log, ch. 
xii. While the old woman keelhauled me 
with a poker on one side, he jerked at me 
on the other, until at length he gave me a 
regular CROSS-BUTTOCK. 

1860. Chambers Journal, vol. XIII., 
p. 347. He is initiated into all the mys- 
teries of ' hitting ' and ' counterhitting,' 
' stopping,' and ' infighting,' ' the suit in 
chancery,' and the CROSS-BUTTOCK.' 



CROSS-CHAP. See CROSS, subs., 
sense 2. 

CROSS-COVE. See CROSS, subs., 
sense 2. 

CROSS-CRIB, subs, (thieves' and 
vagrants'). A thieves' hotel. 
[From CROSS (q.v., suds., sense 
2), a thief, + CRIB (q.v., subs., 
sense 2), a place of abode.] 

CROSS- DRUM, subs, (thieves'). A 
thieves' tavern. [From CROSS 
(q.v., subs., sense 2), a thief, + 
DRUM, a house or lodging.] 

GROSSER, subs, (sporting). One 
who arranges or takes part in 
a CROSS (q.v., subs., sense i). 



CROSS-FAN or CROSS-FAM, subs. 
(thieves'). Robbery from the 
person done CROSS-FAMMED, that 
is, with one hand (FAM) across, 
and dissembling the action of, the 
other. 

c. 1869. Broadside Ballad, ' The Chick - 
aleary Cove.' Off to Paris I shall go, to 
show a thing or two, To the 'dipping 
blokes ' what hangs about the caffies, How 
to do a CROSS-FAN for a 'super' or a 
' slang.' 

Verb (thieves'). To rob from 
the person. See subs. 

CROSS-KID or CROSS-QUID, verb 
(thieves'). To question ; cross- 
examine. [KlD = to quiz; hoax, 
or jest.] Fr. , faire la jactance ; 
also faire saigner du nez. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, \nMacmillaris 
Mag., XL., 502. A reeler [policeman] 
came to the cell and CROSS-KIDDED (ex- 
amined) me. 

CROSS-MAN. See CROSS, subs., 
sense 2. 



CROSS -PATCH, subs, (colloquial). 
An ill - natured, ill - tempered 
person. As in the old nursery 
rhyme : 

CROSS-PATCH, Draw the latch, Sit by 
the fire and spin. Lit. 

Not mentioned in Ash. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CROSS-PATCH : a peevish boy or girl. 

1841. Comic Almanack, p. 258. Miss 
Pigeon's trying to look shy, He's calling her 

CROSSPATCH ! 

CROSS THE DAMP-POT, verbal phr. 
(tailors'). To cross the Atlantic. 
Cf., BIG DRINK, DAMP-POT, 
PUDDLE, and HERRING-POND. 



Crow. 



221 



Crowner. 



CROW, subs. (thieves'). i. A 
confederate on watch whilst 
another steals. Generally a man, 
but occasionally a woman acts as 
a CROW ; the latter is also called 
a CANARY (q.v. t subs., sense 4). 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lon. Poor, IV., 286. One keeps a look- 
out to see there is no person near to detect 
them. This person is termed a 'CROW.' 
If anyone should be near, the 'CROW' gives 
a signal, and then decamps. 

1862. Comhill Mag., VI., 648. Oc- 
casionally they | women] assist at a burg- 
lary . . . remaining outside and keeping 
watch ; they are then called CROWS. 

1889. Answers, 18 May, p. 390, col. 
2. A CROW (confederate) is next planted 
outside, or in an upper window, if there 
be one, to give notice, by means of signals 
or a cord reaching to the workers, of the 
approach of a peeler or chance passer-by. 

2. (common). A piece of un- 
expected luck; a 'fluke' ; generally 
* a REGULAR CROW.' [Originally 
billiards' in which it = a hazard 
not played for, i.e., a 'fluke': no 
doubt a corruption of the Fr. 
raccroc.'} A French equivalent is 
mettre dans le mille. 

To EAT CROW. See BROILED 
CROW. 

A CROW TO PLUCK, TO PULL, 

Or TO PICK WITH ONE, phr. 
(colloquial). Something demand- 
ing explanation : a misunderstand- 
ing to clear ; a disagreeable matter 
to settle. Sometimes, A BONE TO 
PICK, etc. 

1593. SHAKSPEARE, Comedy of 
Errors, iii., i. If a crow help us in, sir- 
rah, We'll PLUCK A CROW TOGETHER. 

1599. NASHE, Lenten Stuffe, in wks. 
V., 302. So I coulde PLUCKE A CROWE 
WYTH Poet Martiall for calling it putre 
halec. 

1659. HOWELL, Proverbs. I have a 

GOOSE TO PLUCK WITH YOU. 

1664. BUTLER, Hudibras, pt, II., 2. 
If not, resolve before we go, That YOU AND 

I MUST PULL A CROW. 



1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
To PLUCK A CROW : To reprove anyone 
for a fault committed ; to settle a dispute. 

1819. SCOTT, Bride of Lammer- 
moor, ch. xv. If these Ravenswood cases 
be called over the coals in the House of 
Peers, you will find that the Marquis will 
have A CROW TO PLUCK WITH YOU. 

CROWD, subs, (old). A fiddle. 

CROWDER, subs, (theatrical). I. A 
large audience. 

1883. Rejeree, 18 March, p. 3, col. 2. 
If the proprietors want, in the way of 
audiences, to be able to boast of 
CROWDERS, they should take care to avoid 
giving pain. 

2. (old). A fiddler. 

CROW- EATER, subs, (colonial). A 
lazybones who prefers subsist- 
ing upon what he can pick up, 
as the crows do, to putting 
himself to the trouble of working 
for it. For synonyms, see LOAFER. 

CROW-FAIR, su&s.,(o]d). A gather- 
ing of clergymen. 

CROWN, verb (thieves'). To in- 
spect a window with a view to 
operations. 

CROWN AND FEATHERS, subs. phr. 
(venery). The female pudendum. 
For synonyms, see MONOSYL- 
LABLE. 

CROWNER, subs, (old colloquial). 
A coroner. [A corruption of 
' coroner.'] 

1596. SHAKSPEARE, Hamlet, Act v., 
Sc. i. Sec. Cl. The CROWNER hath sat 
on her, and finds it Christian burial. 

1599. NASHE, Lenten Stuffe, in wks. 
V., 220. And if any drowne themselues 
in them, their CROWNERS sir vpon them. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, 
3 S., ch. ii. You'll be to Connecticut 
afore they can wake up the CROWNER and 
summon a juiy. 



Crown-Office. 



222 



Crummy. 



CROWN-OFFICE, subs. (old). The 
head. For synonyms, see CRUM- 
PET. Quoted by Grose [1785]. 

CROW'S-FOOT, subs, (thieves'). 
The Government broad arrow : 
also (in //.) wrinkles at the out- 
side corners of the eyes. 

CRUEL or CRUELLY, adj. and adv. 
(colloquial). Extremely ; very ; 
great. A fashionable intensitive ; 
an Americanism by survival. 
Cf., AWFUL and BEASTLY. 

1662. PEPVS, Diary i 31 July. Met 
Captain Brown, of the ' Rosebush,' at 
which he was CRUEL angry. Ibid, 1666-7, 
21 Feb. W. Batten denies all, but is 
CRUEL mad. 

1848. BARTLETT, Diet, of Ameri- 
canisms, p. 170. Oh, doctor, I am 
powerful weak, but CRUEL easy. 

CRUELTY-VAN or BOOBY-HUTCH, 

subs, (common). A four-wheeled 
chaise. 

CRUG, subs. (Christ's Hospital). 
I. At Hertford, a crust ; in the 
London school, crust and crumb 
alike. 

1820. LAMB, Elia (Ch risfs Hospital), 
p. 322, wks. [ed. 18^2]. He had his tea 
and hot rolls in a morning, while we were 
battening upon our quarter of a penny 
loaf our CRUG. 

2. (Christ's Hospital). A 
BLUE ; especially an ' old boy.' 

1877. BLANCH, Blue Coat Boys, p. 
. 80. All CRUGS will well remember, etc. 

CRUGANALER, subs. (Christ's Hos- 
pital). A biscuit given on St. 
Matthew's Day. [Orthography 
dubious. Blanch inclines to the 
following derivation : * The bis- 
cuit had once something to do 
with those nights when bread and 
beer, with cheese, were substi- 
tuted for bread-and-butter and 
milk. Thence the term "crug 



and aler." The only argument 
against this is the fact that the 
liquid was never dignified with 
the name of ale, but was in- 
variably called " the swipes." 
By another derivation = " hard 
as nails. " It is then spelt CRUGGY- 

NAILER.'] 

CRUGGY, adj. (Christ's Hospital). 
Hungry. [From CRUG (^.z/.).] 

CRUISERS, subs. (old). i. Beggars, 
or highway spies : ' those who 
traversed the road,' says Grose, 
* to give intelligence of a booty ' ; 
also, rogues ' ready to snap up 
any booty that may offer.' 

2. in. sing, (common). Astreet- 
, walker. 

CRUMB, subs, (military). A pretty 
woman. Cf., CRUMMY, adj., 
senses I and 2. 

CRUMB AND CRUST MkH,subs.phr. 
(common). A baker. Cf., BURN- 
CRUST and MASTER OF THE 
ROLLS. Fr., un marc hand de 
larton. 

CRUMBS. See PICK UP ONE'S 
CRUMBS and CHATES. 

CRUMMY, adj. (popular). i. Fat ; 
plump ; well-developed. Espe- 
cially said of high-bosomed and 
full-figured women : e.g., a 
CRUMMY piece of goods. [From 
a provincialism, crum or crom = 
to stuff, whence CRUMMY = fat or 
well stuffed.] Fr., fort en mie 
(an almost literal translation) ; 
elle a de (a; Sp. , carrilludo = 
plump-faced. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed ). 
CRUMMY (A.) : . . . also fat, rich, plump, 
or fleshy. 



Cnimmy-Doss. 223 



Crumpet. 



1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memo- 
rial to Congress^ p. 14. For they saw, 
notwithstanding Crib's honest endeavour, 
To train down the CRUMMY, 'twas 
monstrous as ever ! 

1828. JON. BEE, Pict. of London^ 
p. 60. A nice, CRUMMY, young woman, 
who seemed surprised and interested at 
his situ?tion. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzleiuit, 
ch. xxix., p. 289. ' There's the remains of 
a fine woman about Sairah. Poll, , 
Top much CRUMB, you know,' said Mr. 
Bailey ; ' too fat, Poll.' 

1865. HENRY KINGSLEY, TheHillyais 
and the Burtons. You're CRUMMY and I 
ain't a going to deny it. But you ain't 
what I'd call fat. 

2. (American). Comely. 
Cf., sense i. 

3. (thieves' and soldiers'). 
Lousy. 

4. (thieves'). Plump in the 
pockets. [Probably an extended 
use of sense I.] 

CRUMMY-DOSS, subs, (thieves'). 
A lousy bed. [From CRUMMY 
(q.v., sense 3), lousy, + DOSS 
(y.v.), a bed.] 

CRUMP, subs. (Winchester College). 
A hard hit ; a fall. Used also 
as a verb in very much the same 
sense as to COB (q.v.). Cf., 
BARTER. 

CRUMPET, subs, (common). The 
head. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Brain- 
pan; nut; chump; jazey; steeple; 
tib or tibby ; weather - cock ; 
turnip ; upper extremity ; top 
end ; twopenny ; upper storey ; 
canister ; attic ; garret ; costard ; 
sconce ; bonce ; nob ; lolly; lobb ; 
knowledge-box ; block ; cocoa- 
nut ; Crown-Office ; calabash ; 
top-knot ; crust ; chimney-pot ; 
onion ; chevy ; cockloft ; top-flat ; 



gable ; pumpkin ; hat-peg ; bil- 
liard ball ; upper-crust ; mazzard ; 
cabaza ; dome. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Le mi- 
chaud (thieves') ; un caillou (pop- 
ular ; properly a pebble or flint) ; 
une baigneuse (thieves') ; un bap- 
teme (popular) ; une cafetiere 
(thieves' and vagrants') ; une 
facade (popular) ; une armoire ct 
glace (popular) ; une bille (popu- 
lar : properly a billiard ball) ; un 
beguin (popular) ; une citrouille 
or un citrouillard (thieves' : liter- 
ally a pumpkin or gourd) ; un 
citron (thieves') ; une ardoise (pop- 
ular) ; un coco (popular : literally 
a cocoa-nut) ; une calebasse (pop- 
ular = a calabash) ; une cocarcte 
(popular : properly a cocade) ; un 
caisson (common : literally a chest 
or locker); u necoloquinte( thieves'); 
zm chapiteau (popular : literally a 
capital) ; une balle (popular) ; un 
moulede bonnet (popular : literally 
a cap-mould) ; le grenier a sd 
(popular : properly the [Attic] 
salt-loft) ; le baldaquin (a canopy) ; 
la boule (popular : the bowl, ball, 
or sconce) ; une ciboule (popular : 
properly a scallion, green onion, 
or eschalot) ; la boussole (familiar : 
in nautical phraseology, the com- 
pass) ; la pomme (popular and 
thieves') ; le tesson (roughs') ; la 
bobine (popular : literally a bobbin 
or spool) ; la poire (popular) ; la 
boite au sel (familiar : the [Attic] 
salt-box) ; la boite a sai dines 
(popular == sardine box); la boite 
a surprises (general : box of -sur- 
prises) ; la tirelire (popular : 
literally money-box) ; la hure 
(properly the head of a wild 
boar) ; la gouache (popular) j la 
noisette (popular : t literally nut) ; 
le char (popular) ; le reservoir 
(popular : reservoir or cistern) ; 
le bourrichon (popular); la goupine 



Crumpet-face. 



224 



Crush. 



(thieves') ; la tourte (popular : 
properly tart or fruit pie) ; la 
tranche (thieves' = chunk (or 
'chump' of wood) j le irognon 
(popular) ; la guitare (common) ; 
la guimbarde (popular : properly 
a Jew's harp) ; le soliveau (popu- 
lar ; properly a small joist) ; le 
bobechon (popular) j la bobinasse 
(popular) ; le kiosque (familiar) ; 
le vol-au-vent (general) ; f omnibus 
(common) ; la sorbonne (see re- 
marks under BALMY, sense 2) ; 
la caboche (possibly a language 
word) ; le scufflet (popular : liter- 
ally bellows ; also the head of a 
carriage) ; le jambonneau (popu- 
lar : properly a small ham) ; le 
schako (popular). 

GERMAN SYNONYM. Kiefel. 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Chimla 
or ciiirla (a popular term) ; elmo 
(literally a helmet) ; borella (pro- 
perly a ball) ; grinta (in orthodox 
Italian, ringworm of the scalp). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Chime- 
nea (fern. ; literally a chimney. 
Se le subid el humo d la chimenea, 
the smoke has got into his 
head ; said of one who is affected 
with drink) ; cholla ( fern. ) ; cabe- 
zorro (mas. ; a big head, an aug- 
mentative oicabeza) ; caletre(mas. ; 
an abusive term, properly un- 
derstanding, judgment, discern- 
ment) ; campanario (mas. ; pro- 
perly a belfry). 

BALMY IN ONE'S CRUMPET. 
See BALMY, sense 2, and 
the foregoing. 

CRU M PET- FACE, subs, (common). 
A pock-pitted face. See CRIB- 

BAGE-FACE. 

CRUMPET-SCRAMBLE, subs, (popu- 
lar). A tea party ; TEA-FIGHT, 



MUFFIN-WORRY, MUFFIN-FIGHT, 
BITCH-PARTY or COOKY SHINE 
(g.V.), 

1864. Derby Day, p. 16. There are 
men who do not disdain muffin-worries 

and CRUMPET-SCRAMBLES. 

CRUMPLER, subs, (common). i. 
A cravat. 

2. (acrobats'). See quot. 

1874. G. A. LAWRENCE, Hagarene, 
ch. xxxviii. Pete knew how to fall as well 
as any acrobat, and thought no more of 
a common ' CRUMPLER,' than ordinary 
hunting folks do of a ' peck ' or stumble. 

CRUSH, subs, (colloquial). A 
fashionable name for any large 
social gathering. 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. xiii. We fear he had rather 
go to a CRUSH at Lady Dinadam's than sup 
with Boz. 

1872. Pall Mall Gaz., 23 June. It 
would possibly be found that one week of 
political reunions, concerts, balls, and 
CRUSHES would be as disastrous in its 
effects as two months of absinthe drinking. 

1890. H. D. TRAILL, Tea Without 
Toast. ' Saturday Songs,' p. 100. It ap- 
peared to us a feast wouldn't help the cause 
the least, And we settled that to give a 
CRUSH at nine Would be greatly more effec- 
tual, and far more intellectual, Than at six 
o'clock to, greatly daring, dine. 

Verb (general). To run away; 
to decamp. For synonyms, see 
AMPUTATE and SKEDADDLE. 

To CRUSH DOWN SIDES, verbal 
phr. (Northern). To keep tryst ; 
also to run to la place of safety. 

TO CRUSH or BURST A POT, 
CUP, or BOTTLE, /Ar. (old). To 
drink (generally in company). 
See CRACK A BOTTLE. [From the 
Italian crosciare to decant.] 
Shakspeare, in The Taming of the 
Shrew, induction, Sc. I, uses 
BURST in a similar sense to 
CFACK and CRUSH. 



Crusher. 



225 



Cry. 



1592. Defence of Conny-catching, in 
Greene's wks., xi., 43. If euer I brought 
my Conny but to CRUSH A POTTE OF ALE 
with mee. 

1595. SHAKSPEARE, Romeo and 
Juliet, Act I., Sc. 2. And if you be not of 
the house of Montagues, I pray, come and 
CRUSH A CUP of wine. 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, 
ch. vii. I CRUSHED A QUART with that 
jolly boy Jenkin. 

CRUSHER, subs, (popular). i. A 
policeman. [Possibly from the 
slang verb to CRUSH = to run. 
CRUSH ! was once a favourite 
signal of the ' pea and thimble ' 
and other race-course sharpers, 
the meaning being : ' Run ! the 
police ! ' The word came into 
general use, and was ultimately 
converted into CRUSHER = a 
policeman.] For synonyms, see 
BEAK, sense i, and COPPER. 

c. 1840. THACKERAY, The Organ-Boy's 
Appeal. Though you set in Vestminster 
surrounded by your CRUSHERS, Harrogant 
and habsolute like the Hortocrat of hall the 
Rushers. 

1842. Punch, vol. II., p. 137. ' Pro- 
verbial Philosophy.' There is not one 
CRUSHER who is proof against the waistcoat 
pocket. 

1853. Diogenes, II., 46. Here in 
came [to the Court] a CRUSHER (Beg par- 
don mean usher), Dragging in a Pot-boy, 
With great show of joy. 

1859. SALA, Tw. Round the Clock, 
5 p.m., par. 19. A CRUSHER, or policeman, 
there is indeed. 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 223. Oh, that's one of the 
cleverest gentlemen cracksmen out. . . . 
The blooming CRUSHERS were precious 
glad when they 'pinched' 'im. 

2. (popular). Anything 
large, fine, or extraordinary. 
[From CRUSH, to overwhelm or 
subdue.] Akin to WHOPPER, 

STINGER, CORKER, BOUNCER, 
etc. (q.v.). 

1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. iv. 
She is a CRUSHER, ain't she now ? 



1870. New York Herald, Jan. The 
Fenians in England received rather a 
CRUSHER, if I may use so slang a word, 
two days ago. 

CRUSHING,^/, adj. (colloquial). 
Excellent ; first-rate. For syn- 
onyms, see Ai and FIZZING. 

CRUST or UPPER CRUST, subs. 
(common). I. The head. For 
synonyms, see CRUMPET. 

UPPER-CRUST (q.v.) t also = 
Society with a capital S. 

CRUSTY-BEAU, subs. (old). One 
that uses paint and cosmetics 
to obtain a fine complexion. 
Grose. 

CRUTCH, subs, (colloquial). The 
'fork,' or inner angle of the 
thigh. 

CRUTCHES ARE CHEAP. See 

WOODEN-LEGS. 

CRY, subs, (common). A large 
number ; a quantity. [From 
CRY, a pack of dogs.] As in 
Shakspeare's Coriolanus, Act iii., 
Scene 3. ' You common CRY of 
curs.' 

GREAT CRY AND LITTLE WOOL, 
phr. (general). Much ado about 
nothing. The original text of the 
proverb was, ' GREAT CRY AND 
LITTLE WOOL, as the devil said 
when he sheared the hogs.' 
Hudibras alters it into * All cry 
and no wool.' 

TO CRY CARROTS AND 
TURNIPS, verbal phr. (old). 
Ste quot. 

1747. CHARLES JOHNSON, Highway- 
men and Pyrates, p. 254. He came oft 

with CRYING CARROTS AND TURNIPS, a 

term which rogues use for whvoping at the 
cart's arse. 



C.T.A. 



226 



Cuckoo. 



To CRY [or CALL] A GO, verbal 
phr. (common). To give in, as 
one unable to proceed. An ex- 
pression borrowed from cribbage 
signifying that the player who 
makes use of it has nothing 
playable in his hand, and is 
compelled to ' CRY A GO.'] Cf., 
PASS 

1880. Punch's Almanack. Got three 
quid ; have CRIED A GO with Fan, Game to 
spend my money like a man. 

To CRY CUPBOARD, verbal phr. 
(common). To be fasting, hun- 
gry, BANDED (g.v.). Fr., n' avoir 
rien dans le cornet ; avoir le buffet 
vide ; and danser devant le btiffet. 

1738. SWIFT, Polite Conversation 
(conv. iii.), Footman. Madam, dinner's 
upon the table. Col. Faith, I'm glad of 
it ; my belly began to CRY CUPBOARD. 

CRY MATCHES ! intj. phr. 
(American). An exclamation of 
surprise. [Variously derived : ( I ) 
a corruption of ' Crime hatches ' ; 
(a) CRY = XPI or Christ, no 
suggestion being offered to ac- 
count for ' MAI CHES ' ; and (3) 
a conversion of the Fr. ere mat in, 
presumably Canadian. Cf., 
CRIMINI.] Quoted in TV. and (?., 
5 S., viii., 491, andix., 55,318. 

CRY OFF, verb (general). To 
retreat ; to back out from an 
engagement . 

1866. London Miscellany, 5 May, p. 
201. ' London Revelations.' ' Why this 
gent told me to bid,' said the dealer, pat- 
ting his tingling fingers sharply, ' and now 
he wants to CRY OFF.' 

TO CRY STINKING FISH. See 

STINKING FISH. 

C.T.A., phr. (circus and showmen's) 
The police. 

CUB or UNLICKED-CUB, subs, (col- 
loquial). An awkward, sulky 
girl ; a mannerless, uncouth lout 



of a boy. [In allusion to the 
clumsiness of bear cubs till their 
dam has 'licked them into shape.'] 
Cf., BEAR-LEADER. 

1602. SHAKSPEARE Twelfth Night, 
Act v., I., 167. Duke. O thou dissemb- 
ling CUB ! what wilt thou be When time 
hath sow'd a grizzle on thy case ? 

1693. CONGREVE, Old Batchelor, Act 
iv., Sc. 8. A country squire, with the 
equipage of a wife and two daughters, 
came to Mrs. Snipwell's shop while I was 
there - but, oh Gad ! two such UNLICKED 
CUBS ! 

1762. FOOTE, Liar, II., ii. I don't 
reckon much upon him : for you know, my 
dear, what can I do with an awkward, raw, 
college CUB? 

1773. O. GOLDSMITH, She Stoops to 
Conquer, Act iv., Sc i. 'A poor contemp- 
tible booby that would but disgrace cor- 
rection.' . . . ' An insensible CUB.' 

1880. A. TROLLOPE, The Dukes Child- 
ren,^ ch. ix. And Tommy, you are an 
uncivil young, young, young, I should 
say CUB if I dared, to tell me that you don't 
like dining with me any day of the week. 

1855. THACKERAY, Neiucomes, ch. 
xxix. I don't see why that infernal 
young CUB of a CHve is always meddling 
in our affairs. 

CUBITOPOLIS, subs, (obsolete). 
The Warwick and Eccleston 
Square districts. [From the 
name of the builders, see quot., 
1864.] /!,ALBERTOPOLIS, MESO- 
POTAMIA, ASIAMINOR, THE NEW 
JERUSALEM, SLOPERS' ISLAND, 
etc. (q.v.). 

1864. The Press, 12 Nov. CUBIT- 
OPOLIS received its felicitous cognomen 
from Lady M or ley. 

1866. E. YATES, Land at Last, ch. 
iii. There are men yet living among us 
whose mothers had been robbed on their 
way from Ranelagh in crossing the spct, 
then a dreary swampy marsh, on which 
now stands the city of palaces known as 

CUBITTOPOLIS. 

CUCKOO, subs, (popular). i. A 
fool. For synonyms, see BUFFLE 
and CABBAGE-HEAD. 



Cuckoos. 



227 



Cuffen. 



1598. SHAKSPEARE, Henry IV., 
Part I, Act i, Scene 4. O'horseback, ye 
CUCKOO ; but afoot he will not budge a 
foot. 

2. (old). A cuckold. 

1594. SHAKSPEARE, Love's Labour 
Lost, Act v, Scene 2. CUCKOO, CUCKOO, 
O word of fear Unpleasing to a married 
ear 

3. (schoolboys'). The penis. 
For synonyms, see CREAMSTICK. 

CUCKOOS, suds. (old). Money, 
For synonyms, see ACTUAL and 
GILT. 

1612. The Passenger of Bewvenuto. 
These companions, who . . . carry the 
impression and marke of the pillerie 
galley, and of the halter, they call the 
purse a leafe, and a fleece ; money, 
CUCKOES, and aste, and crowns. 



CUCKOO'S NEST, subs, (venery). 
The icais^A pudendum. For syno- 
nyms, see MONOSYLLABLE. 

CUCUMBER-TIME, subs, (tailors'). 
The dull season. [A corres- 
pondent of Notes and Queries (i 
S., viii., 439) says it is of 
German origin, and remarks 
that many hundreds of London 
tailors are of German nationality. 
The German phrase is die saure 
Gurken Zeit (pickled gherkin- 
time). Hence, it is said, the 
expression ' Tailors are vege- 
tarians,' because they live now on 
'cucumber' and now on 'cabbage.' 
Quoted by Grose (1785).] Cf., 
quot, 1821. 

1821. P. EGAN, Tom and Jerry [ed. 
1890], p. 60. The chap in the corner . . . 
has been chaffing Spendall . . . about 
his being so CUCUMBERISH as to be com- 
pelled to 'gammon the draper' [which 
means when a man is without a shirt, and 
is buttoned up close to his neck, with 
merely a handkerchief round it to make an 
appearance of cleanliness, it is termed, 
'gammoning the draper.'] 



CUD, sttbs. (popular). A chew of 
tobacco ; a quid. [An allusion 
to ' chewing the cud.'] 

Adj. (Winchester College). 
I. Pretty; handsome. [Thought 
to be derived from kudos. ] 

2. (Christ's Hospital). Severe. 
CUDDIE, subs. (Scots). A donkey. 

CUDDLING, verbal subs, (athletic 
and pugilistic). Wrestling. 

CUDDY, adj. (Christ's Hospital). 
Hard ; difficult ; said of a lesson. 
Also Hertfordice for PASSY (q.v.\ 
[There is a common hard biscuit 
called a ' cuddy-biscuit ' which 
doubtless has this derivation.] 

CUE, -verb (thieves'). To swindle 
on credit. 

CUFF, subs, (old). i. A foolish 
old man. [Probably a contrac- 
tion of CUFFIN (q.v.). 

1678. C. COTTON, Scarronides, bk. I., 
p. 3 (ed. 1725). The lustiest Carles there- 
abouts. Rich CUFFS and very sturdy 
Louts. 

1708. CENTLIVRE, Susie Body, Act i. 
A very extraordinary Bargain I have made 
truly, if she should be really in Love with 
this old CUFF now. 

1760. COLMAN, Polly Honeycombe, 
in wks. (1777) IV., 38. They are just 
here ! ten to one the old CUFF may not 
stay with her : I'll pop into this closet. 

2. (tailors'). A religious man, 
either real or sham. 

To CUFF ANTHONY, phr. 
See ANTHONY. 

TO BEAT or CUFF JONAS, phr. 
= TO BEAT THE BOOBY or GOOSE 

(q.v. under BEAT). 
CUFFEN. See CUFFIN. 



differ. 



228 



Cull. 



CUFFER, subs, (military). I. A 
lie ; an exaggerated and im- 
probable story. See quot. , under 
TO SPIN COFFERS, and for 
synonyms, see WHOPPER. 

2. (American thieves'). A 
man ; also CUFFIR. [Cf., COFE, 
COVE, and CUFFIN, from one of 
which the American form is 
doubtless derived.] 

1859. MAT SELL, Vocabulum, or 
Rogue's Lexicon, s.v. 

TO SPIN CUFFERS, phr. 
To tell extremely improbable 
stories ; to yarn ; TO DRAW THE 
LONG BOW (q.V.). 

1888. Colonies and India, 14 Nov. 
The Australian youth can develop the art 
of SPINNING CUFFERS very successfully on 
his own account, without any adventitious 
assistance from a passing Minister of Pub- 
lic Instruction. 

CUFFIN, CUFFEN, orCuFFiNG,.rfo. 
(Old Cant). A man. 
1567. HARMAN, Caveat, s.v. 

1857. Punch, 31 Jan., p. 49. 'Dear 
Bill, this Stone-jug.' In the day-rooms the 
CUFFINS [warders] we queer at our ease, 
And at Darkmans we run the rig just as we 
please. 

QUEER-CUFFIN, subs. (old). 

A magistrate. [From QUEER, 
an old canting term for bad, + 
CUFFIN, a man ; literally a bad 
man from a rogue's point of 
view. Some of the old canting 
terms are curious enough : e.g., 
' quyer crampringes ' = bolts or 
fetters ; ' quyer kyn ' = a prison 
house.] For synonyms, see BEAK, 
sense 2. 

1609. DEKKER, Lantherne and Can- 
dle-light [ed. Gros., III., p. 203]. To the 

QUIER CUFFING WC bing. 

1837. DISRAELI, Venetia, p. 71. 
The gentry cove will be romboyld by his 
dam said a third gypsy. ' QUEER CUFFIN ' 
[magistrate or queer man] will be the word 
if we. don't tour. 



CUFF-SHOOTER, ^j. (theatrical). 
A beginner ; one who gives him- 
self ' airs ' ; literally one who 
shoots his cuffs : having a greater 
regard for the display of his linen 
than for his work as an actor. 

CULE, CULL, CULING, CULLING, 

verb and verbal subs, (thieves'). 
To purloin from the seats of car- 
riages ; the act of snatching hand- 
bags and other impedimenta there- 
from. [Either an abbreviation 
and corruption of RETICULE, or 
from CULL, to gather.] 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 
3ed., p. 444. Snatching reticules from a 
carriage c u LI NG. 

CULL or CULLY, subs. (old). A 
man ; companion ; partner. Spe- 
cifically, a fool ; one tricked or 
imposed upon. Grose seems to 
make a distinction, for he quotes 
CULL = ' a man honest or other- 
wise, ' and CULLY = ' a fop, fool, 
or dupe to women,' in which sense 
it was current in the seventeenth 
century. Thus Rochester (in 
Satire on the Times}, ' But pimp- 
fed Ratcliffe's not a greater CULLY. 
See also quot., 1771. [Prob- 
ably a contraction of CULLION 
(Fr., couillon\ It., coglione}; but 
derived by Annandale from the 
Sp. Gypsy chulai, a man ; Turkish 
Gypsy, khulai, a gentleman.] 

1671. R. HEAD, English Kogue, pt. 
I., ch. v., p. 48 (1874). CULLE : a sap- 
headed fellow. 

1676. A Warning for- Housekeepers. 
As we walk along the street, We bite the 
CULLEY of his cole. 

1693. CONGREVE, Old Batchelor, 
Act Hi., Sc. i. Man was by nature 
woman's CULLY made : We never are but 
by ourselves betrayed. 

1712. ARBUTHNOT, Hist, of John 
Bull, pt. IV., ch. i. I won't let him make 
me over, by deed and indenture, as his 
lawful CULLY. 



Culls. 



229 



Cunnilinge* 



1748. T. DVCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
CULL (s.) : a cant word for a man, either 
good or bad, but generally means one that 
a wench has picked up for some naughty 
pur 



1760. JOHNSTON, Chrysal, ii., 17. 
Your secret, grave, old, rich CULLS, just fit 
to do business with. 

1771. HENRY MACKENZIE, The Man 
of Feeling^ vol. I., ch. xxvi. Harley . . . 
sallied forth with a blush of triumph on 
his face, without taking notice of the 
sneer of the waiter who, twirling the watch 
in his hand, made him a profound bow at 
the door, and whispered to a girl who stood 
in the passage something in which the 
word CULLY was honoured with a particular 
emphasis. 

1825. SCOTT, St. Ronan's Well, ch. 
xxx. ' Na, Na,' answered the boy : ' he is 
a queer auld CULL, he disna frequent wi' 
other folk.' 

1830. BULWER LYTTON, Paul Clif- 
ford, p. 75 (ed. 1854). A famous CULL is 
my friend Attie an old soldier has seen 
the world, and knows what is what; 



1839. W. H. AIN 
pard (1889), p. 14. Capital trick of the 
CULL in the cloak to make another person's 
brain stand the BRUNT for his own 
capital ! 

1889. Puck's Library, April, p. 18. 
Showman : Look-a-here, CULLY, yer don't 
'xpect ter git a lecture on nat'l history 'n'a 
free ticket ter the antipoads fer a quarter, 
do yer ? 

RUM CULL, suds, (theatrical). 
The manager of a theatre ; also 
called a CULLY-GORGER. 

CULLS, subs. (old). The testes. 

b. 1574, d. 1637. BEN JONSON. Claw 
a churl by the CULLS, and he'll shite in 
your fist. 

CULLY-GORGER, sttbs. (theatrical). 
The manager of a theatre ; a 
companion or brother actor. 

[CULLY (q.V.} = 3. man + GORGER 

(?.v.), a swell, employer, or 
boss ; literally a well - dressed 
man.] 

CULLY-SHANGY,^J. (common). 
Copulation. For synonyms, see 
GREENS. 



18(?). CAREY, Life in Paris, p. 276, 
s.v. 

CULMINATE, verb (University: ob- 
solete). To mount a coach-box. 
1803. Gradus ad Cantabrigiam, s.v. 

CULTY-GUN, subs, (venery). The 
penis. For synonyms, see CREAM- 
STICK. 

CUM-ANNEXIS,.mAr. (West Indian). 
One's belongings ; specially ap 
plied to one's wife and children. 
[In allusion to a legal locution 
connected with land transfer in 
Demerara. The oui lying farms 
of estates come under this general 
description ; e.g., Belair, (a well- 
known property) CUM ANNEXIS 
includes, amongst others, estates 
formerly known as La Penitence, 
Turkeyen, Cuming's Lodge, In- 
Guai.ry, <?<"<%, and in official docu- 
ments this congees of estates is 
spoken of as Eclair CUM AN::FXIS.] 

CUMMER, subs, (common). An 
intimate. For synonyms, see 
CHUM. 

CUNDUM, subs. (old). An obsolete 
appliance worn in the act of 
coition, to prevent infection : 
so-called from the name of its 
inventor, a colonel in the Guards, 
temp., Charles II. : the modern 
equivalent is known as a FRENCH 

LETTER (q.V.). 

1767. ROCHESTER, ROSCOMMON, AND 
DORSET, A Panegyric upon Cundum, p. 
208. Happy the man who in his pocket 
keeps, Whether with green or scarlet riband 
bound, A well-made CUNDUM. 

CUNNILINGE, verb (venery). To 
tongue a woman. [Latin ctmni- 
lingus, a form which occurs in 
Martial, from cunnus = \he female 
pudendum + lingo. Cf. , Ti P THE 

VELVET. 



Cunnilingist. 



230 



Cups. 



CUNNILINGIST, subs, (venery). A 
man (or woman) addicted to the 
practice of tonguing the female 
pudendum. 

CUNNY-HAUNTED, adj. phr. (popu- 
lar). Lecherous. 

CUNNY-THUMBED, adj. (old). i. 
Said of a person who doubles the 
fist with the thumb turned in- 
wards. 

2. (schoolboys'). Said of 
one who shoots his marble as 
at ring-taw or shoot hole with 
the first phalange of the thumb 
from the second of the forefinger, 
instead of with the knuckle of the 
thumb from the first of the fore- 
finger. 

CUNT, subs, (common). The fe- 
male ptidendum ; T/ aL ; n Vj. 
A langiid^e word, but vulgar in 
usage. Diminutives of varying de- 
grees are CUNNICLE, CUNNIKIN, 
CUNTKIN, CUNTLET, CUNNY. 

Derivatives, the result of an 
obvious play upon words (old), 
are cuNNY-CATCHERand CUNNY- 
BURROW FERRET (Urquhart), for 
which see CREAM-STICK ; CUNNY- 
HUNTER = a whoremonger ; and 
CUNNY-SKIN (Durfey), for which 
see FLEECE. For synonyms, see 
MONOSYLLABLE. 

1383. CHAUCER, The Millers Tale, 
Full prively he caught her by the QUEINT, 
And sayde Ywis but if I have my^ will, 
For derne love of thee, lemman, I spill. 

1622. FLETCHER, Spanish Curate. 
They write sunt with a C, which is abomin- 
able. 

1647-80. ROCHESTER, The Royal 
Angler. However weak and slender in 
the string, Bait it with CUNT, and it will 
hold a king. 

1768. STERNE, The Sentimental 
Journey, So that, when I stretched 
out my hand, I caught bold of the fille-de- 
chambre's . 



CUNT-PENSIONER, subs, (vulgar). 
A male keep ; one who lives by 
the prostitution of a wife, a 
mistress, a daughter, or any other 
female connection. 

CUNT-STRUCK, adj. (vulgar). 
Enamoured of women: who may, 
in turn, be either COCK-SMITTEN 
or PRICK-STRUCK (q.v.). 

CUP-AND-SAUCER PLAYER, subs, 
phr. (theatrical). A term of 
derision applied to the players 
associated with the late T. W. 
Robertson's comedies. 

CUPBOARD LOVE, subs. phr. (popu- 
lar). Interested affection : a 
variant of the saw that 'the 
way to a man's heart is through 
. his stomach.' C/., RICE-CHRIS- 
TIAN. 

c. 1661. Poor Robin [HERRICK]. A 
CUPBOARD LOVE is seldom true, A love 
sincere is found in few. 

178 1. Miss SEWARD, Letters [ed. 
1811], vol. II., p. 103. This last and long- 
enduring passion [of Dr. Johnson] for Mrs. 
Thrale was, however, composed perhaps 
of CUPBOARD LOVE, Platonic love, and 
vanity tickled and gratified. 

1885. Giits Own Paper, VI., 830. 
When tea-time comes and milk, she's not 
above Increasing her caresses, till we hear 
A whisper now and then of CUPBOARD 

LOVE. 

CUPID. See FANCY JOSEPH. 

CUPS. IN ONE'S CUPS, adv. phr. 
1 colloquial). Drunk. Cf., CUP- 
SHOT, and for synonyms, see 
SCREWED. 

1593. NASHE, Christ's Teares, in wks. 
IV., 228 (Grosart). Those whom the 
Sunne sees not in a month together, I 
nowe see IN THEIR CUPPES and their 
jolitie. 

1688. SHADWELL, Sq. of Alsatia 
III., in wks. (1720), iv., 64. I shall take 
my leave : you are IN YOUR CUPS : you 
will wish you had heard me. 



Cup-Shot. 



231 



Cure. 



Itias. DRYDEN, Juvenal, x 288. 
Which IN His CUPS the bowsy poet sings. 

1712. ARBUTHNOT, History of John 
Bull, pt. II., ch. iv. She used to come 
home IN HER CUPS, and break the china 
and the locking-glasses. 

1837. BARHAM, /. L. (Brothers of 
Birchington). Gets tipsy whenever he 
dines or he sups, And is wont to come 
quarrelsome home IN HIS CUPS. 

1864. MARK LEMON, Jest Book, p. 
185 [of one remarkable at once for Bac- 
chanalian devotion and large and startling 
eyes], ' I always know when he has been 
IN HIS CUPS by the state of his saucers.' 

CUP-SHOT, adj. (old). Drunk. 

1639. FULLER, Holy War, bk. III., 
ch. xvi. The spring-tide of their mirth 
so drowned their souls that the Turks 
coming in upon them cut every one of 
their throats, to the number of twenty 
thousand, and quickly they were stabbed 
with the sword -that were CUP-SHOT before. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 



CUP-TOSSER, subs, (common). 
See quot. 

1868. BREWER, Phrase and Fable, 
s.v. CUP TOSSER : a juggler (French 
joueur de gobelef). The old symbol for a 
juggler was a goblet The phrase and 
symbol are derived from the practice of 
jugglers who toss in the air, twist on a 
stick, and play all sorts of tricks with gob- 
lets or cups. 

CURATE, subs, (common). A small 
poker, or TICKLER (q.v.), used to 
save a better one ; also a pocket- 
handkerchief in actual use as 
against one worn for show. The 
better article is called a RECTOR. 
Similarly when a tea-cake is split 
and buttered, the bottom half, 
which gets the more butter, is 
called the RECTOR, and the other, 
the CURATE. 

CURB, verb (old). To steal. For 
synonyms, see PRIG. 

1615. GREENE, Thieves Falling Out 
(Harl. Misc., VIII., 380). Though you 



can foyst, nip, prig, lift, CURBE. and use 
the black art, yet you cannot ciossbite 
without the helpe of a woman. 



CURBSTONE-BROKER, subs. 
GUTTER-SNIPE. 



See 



CURBSTONE-SAILOR, subs, (popu- 
lar). A prostitute. For syno- 
nyms, see BARRACK-HACK and 
TART, and cf., CRUISER, sense 2. 

CURE, subs, (common). An eccen- 
tric ; a tool ; also a funny fellow. 
Originally applied in many con- 
nections, see quot. 

1856. Punch, vol. XXXI., p. 201. 

WHAT'S A CURE. 
Punch has no mission to repeat 
The Slang he hears along the street, 
But when a curious phrase he seizes, 
Pimch does as always what he pleases. 
He finds then in the following word 
No merit save that it's absurd, 
But as it's likely to endure 
He asks a question, ' What's a CURE ' ? 
He heard upon a river boat 
The steersman told to move his coat, 
The fellow grunted like a boor, 
The captain said, ' Well you're a CURE,' 
The mud was thick, the crossing clean 
A well-dressed man, genteel of mien 
Walked through the first (he might be 

poor} 

The sweeper muttered ' He's a CURE.' 
Two youths talked 'chaff' (in phrase 

polite), 

Each asked where 'tother slept last night,' 
'Me? Up a spout.' 'Me? Down a sewer.' 
The first : ' Ain't you a precious CURE.' 
A child more apt to eat than spell 
Espied his little sweetheart Nell : 
Embraced her with affection pure, 
And cried, ' You darling little CURE.' 
Before a shop stood maidens two 
Where fine mock diamonds mocked their 

view : 

' Oh, Julia ! That's the Koh-i-noor.' 
' That ! ' Julia said, ' You silly CURE.' 
Lastly, he heard the word applied 
To Lord Mayor Finnis in his pride ; 
A female shouted, ' Well I'm sre ! 
Call him a mayor he looks a CURE.' 
Thus having heard the word he mentions 
Spoken with seven distinctions, 
Punch doth the slangy world adjure 
To state whence derivation ' CURE ' 



Curious. 



232 Curse of Scotland. 



CURIOUS. To DO CURIOUS, 
verbal phr. (common). To act 
strangely. 

CURL. OUT OF CURL, adv. phr. 
(common). Out of sorts ; out of 
condition. 

To CURL UP, verbal phr. 
(familiar). To be silent ; to 
'shut up.' 

To CURL ONE'S HAIR, verb, 
phr. (common). To administer 
chastisement ; to ' go for ' one. 

To CURL ONE'S LIVER or TO 

HAVE ONE'S LIVER CURLED, 
verbal phr. (common). To make 
one feel intensely. Cf., TURN 

THE LIVER (q.V.}. 

1877. S.L.CLEMENS ('Mark Twain'), 
Life on the Mississippi, pp. 414-415. This 
is sport that makes the body's VERY LIVER 
CURL with enjoyment. 

CURLE, subs. (old). Clippings of 
money. Grose. 

CURL PAPER, subs, (common). 
Paper for the W.C.; toilet paper ; 
' wipe - bummatory ' (Urquhart), 
or ' sanitary ' paper ; bunv 
f odder ; bumf; ammunition. 

CURLYCUES or CAR LICU ES, subs. 
(common). Fantastic ornaments 
worn on the person or used in 
architecture ; also, by implica- 
tion, a strange line of conduct. 
Used by Burns in The Merry 
Muses. 

1858. Home Journal, 24 July. 
Architects have a wonderful predilection 
for all manner of CURLYCUES and breaks 
in your roo 

CURRANTS'AND PLUMS, subs. phr. 
(rhyming ' slang). A threepenny 
bit ; or THRUMS (q.v.). 



CURRENCY, subs. (Australian). 
A colonist born in Australia, 
those of English birth being 
STERLING (q.v.). [In allusion to 
the colonial and home mintages, 
which, identical in value, present 
one or two strongly marked 
points of difference.] 

1856. C. READE, Never Too Late, 
ch. Ixxxv. When gold was found in Vic- 
toria he crossed over to that port and 
robbed. One day hejrobbed the tent of an 
old man, a native of the colony, who was 
digging there with his son, a lad of fifteen. 
Now these CURRENCY lads are very sharp 
and determined ., 

CURSE. NOT TO CARE or BE 
WORTH A CURSE, phr. (common). 
To care or be worth little or 
nothing at all. [CURSE may 
either = ( I ) the wild cherry ; or 
(2) a corruption of A.S. cerse, 
watercress. C/., CONTINENTAL 
(q.v.). 

1362. WILLIAM LANGLAND, Vision 
of Piers Ploughman. Wisdom and witt 
nowe is NOT WORTH A KERSE, But if it be 
carded with cootis as clothers Kemble their 
woole. 

1838. DICKENS, Nicholas Nickleby, 
ch. xvi., p. 124. With regard to such 
questions . . . which one can't be expected 

tO CARE A CURSE ABOUT. 

187(?). G. R. SIMS, Dagonet Ballads 
(/ the Workhouse). I CARE NOT A CURSE 
for the guardians. 



CURSE OF GOD, subs. phr. (old). 
A cockade. Lexicon Bala- 
tronicum [l8li]. 

CURSE OF SCOTLAND, subs. phr. 
(popular). The nine of 
diamonds. [The suggested deri- 
vations are inconclusive. The 
locution has nothing to do with 
Culloden and the Duke of 
Cumberland, for the card was 
r cknamed the JUSTICE-CLERK, 
in allusion to the Lord Justice- 
Clerk Ormistone, who, for his 
severity in suppressing the 



Cursitor. 



233 



Cushion- Smite* . 



Rebellion of 1715, was called the 
CURSE OF SCOTLAND. Other 
suggestions are : (i) That it is 
derived from the game of Pope 
Joan, the nine of diamonds there 
being called the ' pope,' of whom 
the Scotch have always stood in 
horror. (2) The word ' curse ' 
is a corruption of cross, and the 
nine of diamonds is so arranged 
as to form a St. Andrew's Cross. 
(3) That it refers to the arms of 
Dalrymple, Earl of Stair (viz., or, 
on a saltire azure, nine lozenges 
of the field), who was held in 
abhorrence for the Massacre of 
Glencoe ; or to Colonel Packer, 
who attended Charles I. on 
the scaffold, and had for his 
arms nine lozenges conjoined, 
or in the heraldic language, 
GULES, a cross of lozenges. 
These conflicting views were 
discussed at length in Notes and 
Queries, I S., i., 61, 90; iii., 22, 
253> 423. 483; v., 619; 3 S., 
xii., 24, 96 ; 48., vi., 194, 289 ; 
also, see Chambers' Encyclopaedia.'} 

1791. Gent. Mag., vol. LXI., p. 141. 
The Queen of Clubs is ... called Queen 
Bess . . . The Nine of Diamonds, the 
CURSE OF SCOTLAND. 

CURSITOR orCuRSETOR,.wfo. (old). 
A low tramp or vagabond. 
[Properly, a CURSITOR (unde Cur- 
sitor Street, in Chancery Lane) 
was a clerk in the Court of Chan- 
cery, whose business was to make 
out original writs ; also a courier 
or runner. From thf Latin.] 

CURTAIN-RAISER, subs, (theatrical). 
A short 'piece' to bring up 
the curtain and play in the house. 
Fr., lever de rideau. 

1889. Daily News, 2 Sept., p. 3, col. 
4. Miss Grace Hawthorne is about to try 
an original experiment in what are known 

as CURTAIN-RAISERS. 



CURTALL or CURTAIL, subs. (old). 
A vagabond and thief. See 
quots. 

1560. JOHN AWDELEY, Fraternitye 
of Vacabondes (1869. English Dialect 
Society's Reprint), p. 4. A CURTALL is 
much like to the Vpright man, but hys 
authority is not fully so great. He vseth 
commonly to go with a short cloke, like to 
grey Friers, and his woman with him in 
like liuery, which he calleth his altham if 
she be hys. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue. 
CURTAILS : thieves who cut off pieces of 
stuff hanging out of shop windows ; the 
tails of women's gowns, etc. ; also thieves 
wearing short jackets. 

Verb (old). To cut off. Origi- 
nally a cant word vide 
braSy and Bacchus and 
1737- 

CUSE, subs.( Winchester College). 
A book in which a record is kept 
cf the ' marks ' in each division : 
its name to dons is ' classicus 
paper ' ; also used for the weekly 
order. 

CUSHION, verb (thieves'). To hide 
or conceal. Variants are, STALL 
OFF ; STOW ; SLUM. Sp., Hacer 
la agachadiza = to hide oneself. 

TO DESERVE THE CUSHION, 
verbal phr. (old). On the birth 
of a child a man was said TO 

DESERVE THE CUSHION ; i.e., 

the symbol of rest from labour. 

CUSHION-SMITER or -THUMPER, 
subs, (common). A clergyman. 
[Derivation obvious.] For syno- 
nyms, see DEVIL-DODGER 

1843. Tw.A.CKERA.v,IrishSketchBook, 
ch xx. For what a number of such loud 
nothings, windy, emphatic tropes and 
metaphors, spoken, not for God's glory, 
but the preacher's, will many a CUSHION- 
THUMPER have to answer ! 

1849. THACKERAY, in Scribn. Mag., 
June, 1887, p. 686. CUSHION-THUMPERS 
and High and Low Church extatics. 

1889. Modern Society, 19 Oct., p. 
1294, col. i. On a recent occasion a 



Cuss. 



23* 



Cut. 



CUSHION-THUMPER received a challenge 
from the miserable sinner whom he so 
volubly denounced. 

Cuss, subs. (American). A man, 
COVE, or CULL. Generally, but 
not necessarily, disparaging. [Of 
uncertain derivation : may be 
either from ' curse ' or from ' cus- 
tomer.'] For synonyms, see 
COVE. Also see specific use in 
quot., 1883. 

1883. Daily Telegraph, 25 July, p. 2, 
col. i. I'll give Tom his due, and say of 
him that for flumoxing a cuss (Custom 
House Officer) or working the weed, I 
don't know any one he couldn't give a 
chalk to and beat 'em. 

1888. F. R. STOCKTON, Rudder 
Grange, ch. xii. The man that lives up 
this lane is a mean, stingy cuss, with a 
wicked dog, and it's no good to go there. 

CUSSEDNESS, subs. (American). 
Generally in such phrases as 
' pure CUSSEDNESS,' the ' CUSSED- 
NESS of things,' etc. Mischievous- 
ness, or resolution, or courage may 
be implied ; but in the Coventry 
plays CURSYDNESSE signified 
sheer wickedness and malignity. 

18(?). COL. JOHN HAY, Song of the 
Prairie Belle. Through the hot, black 
breath of the burnin' boat Jim Bludsoe's 
voice was heard, And they all had trust in 
his CUSSEDNESS, And knowed he would 
keep his word. 

1886. Detroit Free Press, Aug. A 
more mischievous boy never came under 
my observation. Pure CUSSEDNESS was 
spread out all over him. 

1888. . . . Mr. Potter of Texas (&y. 
ed.), p. 122. The extraordinary belief he 
had of transatlantic blood - thirstiness, 
scalping, and general CUSSEDNESS en- 
gendered by these books. 

1890. Notes and Queries, 7 S., ix., 
29 Mar., p. 244. To swear at something 
when ' the CUSSEDNESS of things ' mani- 
fests itself in any specially exasperating 
shape seems to be recognised as a neces- 
sity by a large majority of the adult male 
population of the globe. 

1890. Pall Mall Gaz., 22 May, p. 4, 
col. 2. The cause of the difficulty is the 
pestilent CUSSEDNKSS of the working man. 



Cuss OUT, verb (common). To 
talk down, to FLUMMOX BY THE 
LIP (q.v.). 

1881. New York Times, 18 Dec. 
[quoted in N. and Q., 6 S., v., 65]. He 
CUSSED that fellow OUT, i.e., he annihilated 
him verbally. 

CUSTOMER, subs, (common). A 
man ; fellow ; cove ; cuss ; or 
chap ; with a certain qualifi- 
cation, e.g. An 'ugly CUSTOMER 
= a dangerous opponent ; a queer 
CUSTOMER = a suspicious person, 
one to be suspected ; a ' rum 
CUSTOMER ' = an odd fish. For 
synonyms, see COVE. 

1818. P. EGAN, Boxiana, I., 19. 
Here . . . many an ugly CUSTOMER has 
met with his match, and been frightened 
in his turn, 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. vi. Some of these good-look- 
ing young gentlemen are ' ugly CUSTOMERS ' 
enough when their blood is up. 

1870. London Figaro, 8 Oct. Cus- 
tomers would then know the kind of 
' CUSTOMERS ' of tradesmen with whom 
they had to deal. 

CUSTOM HOUSE-OFFiCER,.y&r.(com- 
mon). An aperient pill. [Be- 
cause it effects a clearance.] Cf., 
CHIMNEY-SWEEP. 

CUT, subs, (common). I. A stage 
or degree. 

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, p. 
183. It looked so knowing, with the front 
garden, and the green railings, and the 
brass knocker, and all that I really thought 
it was a CUT above me. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit, 
ch. iv., p. 29. Any other man in the wide 
world, I am equal to ; but Sylme is, I 
frankly confess, a great many CUTS above 
me. 

1851. MAYHEW, London Labour and 
London Poor, vol. II., p. 123. He's a CUT 
above me a precious sight. 

2. (popular). A refusal to 
acknowledge acquaintance, or to 
associate, with another person. 
See verbal sense. A CUT DIRECT 



Cut. 



235 



Cut. 



or DEAD CUT is a conspicuous 
non - acknowledgment of an 
acquaintance. 

1821. P. EGAN, Tom and Jerry [ed, 
1890], p. 55. His acquaintances were 
numerous, but they seldom lasted longer 
than a few days, when he made no hesita- 
tion in giving them the CUT-DIRECT. 

1836. MARRYAT,///z^,ch.lii. He 
was a noted duellist, had killed his three or 
four men, and a CUT DIRECT from any per- 
son was, with him, sufficient ground for 
sending a friend. 

3. (theatrical). Mutilation 
of the * book ' of a play, opera, 
etc. 

1779. SHERIDAN, The Critic., Act ii., 
Sc. 2. Puff (speaking of the mutilation of 
his play) : Hey, what the plague ! what 
a CUT is here ! 

1883. Saturday Review, 21 April, p. 
501, col. 2. Mr. Mackenzie had not only 
modified the energy of the orchestra, but 
had shortened the opera by some judicious 



4. (general). A snub or set- 
down. Cf., sense 2. 

1876. HINDLEY, Life and Adventures 
of a Cheap Jack, p. 143. One of the great- 
est CUTS I ever kne *' was once when a man 
was speaking of Chris. Newman and saying 
what a good sort he was, upon which the 
other said, ' What do you mean by saying 
that ? Why, d me, sir, he never called 
for a bottle of champagne in his life ! ' 

Adj. (old). Tipsy ; ON THE 
CUT = on the spree. For syno- 
nyms, see SCREWED. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
CUT (A.) . . . also an epithet applied to 
one who is drunk, as, He is deeply CUT, 
that is, he is so drunk, that he can neither 
stand nor go. 

1830. PIERCE EGAN, Finish to Life in 
London, p. 214. Terry was terribly CUT. 

1848. THACKERAY, Book of Snobs, ch. 
xli. I was so CUT last night, old boy ! 
Hopkins says to Tomkins (with amiable 
confidence). 

1859. Punch, vol. XXXVII., p. 22. 
Our friend prone to vices you never may 
see, Though he goes on the Loose, or the 
CUT, or the Spree. 



Verb (old). i. To talk. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat 1814), p. 66 
To CUTTE, to say. 
To CUT BENLE, to speake gentle. 
To CUT BENE WHYDDS, to speake or give 

good words. 

To CUTTR QUYER WHYDDES, tO gCU6 Cull 

words or evil language. 

1622. HEAD AND KIRKMAN, The 
English Rogue. This Doxie Dell can 
CUT BIEN WHIDS, and drill well for a win. 

1815. SCOTT, Guy Manneiing, ch. 
xxviii. Meg's true-bred ; she's the last 
in the gang that will start but she has 
some queer ways, and often CUTS queer 
words. 

1834. W. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood 
p. 230 (ed. 1864). Here I am, pal Peter ; 
and here are my two chums, Rust and 
Wilder. CUT the whid. 

1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. 
ix. The infatuated young man went on 
CUTTING his jokes at the Admiral's ex- 
pense, fancying that all the world was 
laughing with him. 

2. (colloquial). To disown, 
ignore, or avoid associating with, 
a person. Sometimes to CUT 
DEAD. See CUT, subs., sense 2. 
An article in the Monthly Maga- 
zine for 1798 cites CUT as a 
current peculiarity of expression, 
and says that some had tried to 
change it into 'spear,' but had 
failed. 

1634. S. ROWLEY, Noble Souldier, 
Act ii., Sc. i. Why shud a Souldier, 
being the world's right arme, Be CUT thus 
by the left, a Courtier? 

1794. Gent. Mag., p. 1085. I no 
sooner learned he was at the ' Black Bull ' 
than I determined to CUT the old codger 
completely. 

1811. Miss AUSTEN, Sense and Sen- 
sibility, ch. xliv. That he had CUT me 
ever since my marriage, I had seen with- 
out surprise or resentment. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, ch. xli. 
' You are angry with her because she CUT 
you,' growls Clive. ' You know you said 
she CUT you, or forgot you ; and your 
vanity's wounded.' 

1864. G. A. LAWRENCE, Guy Living- 
stone, ch. viii. It was only a slight satis- 
faction to hear that she has utterly lost 



Cut. 



236 



Cut a Caper. 



sight of my rival, and promises to CUT him 
DEAD the first time they meet. 

1870. Daily News, 26 May, ' Leader. ' 
The old Greeks dedicated an altar to the 
Unknown God, for fear of CUTTING some 
jealous but obscure deity through ignor- 
ance of his existence and attributes. 

Also as verbal substantive, 
CUTTING. 

1840. MRS. GORE, The Dowager, ch. 
xiii. [On the Continent.] Every person's 
place in Society is so definite . . . that ex- 
cept in cases of some enormous breach of 
propriety, no person once established can 
ever be expelled. Unless for cogent reasons, 
he could not have been there at all ... 
There is no talk of ' CUTTING.' Such an 
outrage would reflect on the perpetrator 
rather than on the person ' cut.' All the 
vulgar caprices consequent on a shifting 
state of society are unknown. 

3. (general). Also TO CUT AND 
RUN, CUT IT, CUT ONE'S LUCKY, 
CUT ONE'S STICK, CUT OFF, CUT 
AWAY, etc. To depart more or 
less hurriedly and perforce. 
[Originally nautical to CUT the 
cable AND RUN before the wind.] 
CUT OVER and CUT AWAY form- 
erly bore precisely the same mean- 
ings. For synonyms, see AMPU- 
TATE and SKEDADDLE. 

1570. LAMBARDE, Perambulation of 
Kent. Let me CUT OVER to Watling 
Streete. 

1593. NASHE, Countercujfe to Martin 
Junior, in wks., vol. I. , p. 79. He came 
latelie ouer-sea into Kent, fro thence he 
CUT OUER into Essex at Grauesende. 

1678. C. COTTON, Scarronides, bk. 
IV., p. 86 (ed. 1725). Put on the Wings 
that used to bear ye, And CUT AWAY to 
Carthage quickly. 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 51. Explain 
the philosophical meaning of the sentence. 
1 He CUT AWAY from the crushers as quick 
as a flash of lightning thro' a gooseberry 
bush.' 

1857. DICKENS, Little Dorrit, bk. I., 
ch. xxxi., p. 238. ' I see precious well,' 
said Mr. Tip, rising, * that I shall get no 
sensible or fair argument here to-night, and 
so the best thing I can do is to CUT.' 

1888. RIDER HAGGARD, Mr. Meesons 
Will[\n Illus. Lond.Neivs, Summer Num- 



ber], p. 2, col. 3. Off you go! and mind 
you don't set foot in Pompadour Hall, Mr. 
Meeson's seat, unless it is to get your 
clothes. Come, CUT. 

4. (trade). To compete in 
business ; to under - sail. A 
CUTTING trade is one where 
profits are reduced to a minimum. 

Also CUT UNDER. 

1874. H. MAYHEW, London Charac- 
ters, p. 469. All agreed in referring their 
misery to the spirit of competition on the 
part of the masters the same universal 
desire to CUT UNDER. 

1883. L. OLIPHANT, Altiora Peto, 
II., xxiii., 78. So we dissolved partner- 
ship, and I went in with another chap, to 
work on some kind of principle, but Ned 
was all "the time CUTTING UNDER us by 
bringing out some new contrivance he's 
great on electricity, Ned is. 

5. (common). To excel. 
See quot., 1853. Also CUT OUT 



1853. WH. MELVILLE, Digby Grand, 
ch. viii. There have been instances of the 
weaker sex ... CUTTING DOWN, from 
sheer nerve and determination, the bearded 
sons of Nimrod themselves. 

1884. Referee, 13 April, p. i, col. 4. 
George's performance in the ten miles 
handicap at Stamford Bridge on Monday 
51 min. 20 sec. is hardly likely to be 
disturbed for a long time to come, unless 
he CUTS himself. 

6. (theatrical). To strike 
out portions of a dramatic pro- 
duction, so as to shorten for 
representation. Cf. , subs. , sense 3. 

7. (University). To avoid ; 
to absent oneself from. Thus, TO 

CUT LECTURE, TO CUT CHAPEL, 
TO CUT HALL, TO CUT GATES 

are common phrases. 
1794. Gentleman's Mag., Dec., s.v. 
1889. WHIBLEY, In Cap and Gown, 



CUT A CAPER or CAPERS, verbal 
phr. (colloquial). To play a 
trick or prank ; to behave bois- 



Cut a Diish. 



23? 



Cut- A way 



terously or fantastically. [From 
CUT, a verb of action, + CAPER 
(q.v.) a freakish proceeding or 
prank.] C/., CUT DIDOES. Fr., 
battre itn h^^.^t. 

1602. SHAKSPEARE, Twelfth Night, 
Act i., Sc. 3. Sir And. Faith, I can CUT 
A CAPER. 

c. 1626. Dick of Devonshire, in Bul- 
len's Old Plays, ii., 68. Pike, Could I 
shake those chaines off I would CUTT 
CAPERS : poore Dick Pike would dance 
though Death pip'd to him. 

1712. Spectator, No. 324. Others are 
called the dancing-masters, and teach 
their scholars to CUT CAPERS by running 
swords through their legs. 

1751. SMOLLETT, Peregrine Pickle, 
ch. Ixxxvii. He .... hied him home to 
his bride, to communicate his happiness, 
CUTTING CAPERS, and talking to himself 
all the way. 

1780. MRS. COWLEV, The Belle's 
Stratagem, Act iv., Sc. i. Har. Why, 
isn't it a shame to see so many stout, well- 
built young fellows, masquerading, and 
cutting courants here at home, instead of 
making the French CUT CAPERS to the 
tune of your cannon ; or sweating the 
Spaniards with an English fandango? 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit, 
ch. xx., p. 208. Jonas only laughed at 
this, and getting down from the coach-top 
with great alacrity, CUT a cumbersome 
kind of CAPER in the road. 

CUT A DASH, SPLASH, or SHINE, 

verbal phr. (general). To make 
a show; to attract attention 
through some idiosyncrasy of 
manner, appearance, or conduct. 
In the United States to CUT A 

SPLURGE Or CUT A SWATHE P r., 

flamber \faire duflafla ; and faire 
flouer. 

1771. FOOTE, Maid of Bath, I. But 
the squire does not intend to CUT A DASH 
till the spring. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, i S., 
ch. xxii. Well, they CUT as many SHINES 
as Uncle Peleg. One frigate they guessed 
would captivate, sink, or burn our whole 
navy. 

1857. A. TROLLOPE, Three Clerks, 
ch. xxxi. Gin and water was the ordinary 
tipple in the front parlour ; and any one 



of its denizens inclined to CUT A DASH 
above his neighbours generally did so 
with a bottom of brandy, 

1884. S. L. CLEMENS (' M. Twain '), 
Hucklebury Finn, xxiii., 227. It would a 
made a cow laugh to see the SHINES that 
old idiot CUT. 

1885. G. A. SALA, in Daily Telegraph, 
i Sept., p. 5, col. 4. It is while they are 
in the land of the living that I should like 
to see the Australian Croesuses spending 
their money. Why don't they to use a 
very vulgar but very expressive locution 
CUT A SPLASH with their magnificent 
revenues ? 

CUT A FIGURE, verbal phr. (com- 
mon). To make an appearance, 
good or bad. 

1759. STERNE, Tristram Shandy. 
vol. II., ch. ii. You will CUT NO con- 
temptible FIGURE in a metaphysic circle. 

1766. GOLDSMITH, Vicar of Wake- 
field, ch. x. When Moses has trimmed 
them [the horses] a little, they will CUT A 

VERY TOLERABLE FIGURE. 

1839. LEVER, Harry Lorrequer, ch. 
i. He certainly CUT A DROLL FIGURE. 

CUT AND COME AGAIN, phr. 
(colloquial). Plenty: i.e., if one 
cut does not suffice plenty remains 
to come at again. 

1738. SWIFT, Polite Conv., dial. ii. 
I vow, 'tis a noble sir-loyn. Neuerout. 
Ay ; here's CUT AND COME AGAIN. 

1821. COOMBE, Dr. Syntax, tour III., 
ch. iv. Something of bold and new 
design Dug from the never-failing mine, 
That's work'd within your fertile brain, 
Where all is CUT AND COME AGAIN. 

Subs, (venery). The female 
pudendum. 

CUT-AWAY, subs, (common). A 
morning coat. [From comparison 
to a frock-coat, the lappets in 
front being 'CUT AWAY.'] For 
synonyms, see CAPELLA. 

1866. London Miscellany, 5 Jan., p. 
201. ' London Revelations.' He wore a 
Newmarket CUTAWAY, with huge flaps 
and pockets monopolising the whole of 
the skirts, suggestive of being receptacles 
for plunder. 



cut: 



238 



Cut Dirt. 



1870. London Figaro, 8 June. It 
may be taken as an axiom that if a CUT- 
AWAY has been made for a fashionable 
man six feet high and broad in proportion, 
it will never sit nicely on the form of a 
wee little weaver of five feet two. 

1889. Pall Mall Gaz., 29 Oct., p. 3, 
col. i. Off flies the frock coat and the 
flowing necktie ; on goes the little red bow 
and the seedy brown ' CUTAWAY.' 

CurorCuT UP DIDOES, SHINDIES, 
SHINES, etc., verbal phr. (collo- 
quial). To play pranks or tricks ; 
the same as CUT CAPERS. 

18(?). Pickings from the Picayune, 
p. 147. This 'ere Frenchman has been 
CUTTING UP DIDOES in my house now for 
several days ; he aint sober onst a week, 
and breaks all my cheers and tables Mr. 
Recorder. 

1851. New York Tribune, 10 April. 
Had the Free Stales been manly enough, 
true enough, to enact the Wilmot Proviso 
as to all present or future territories of the 
Union, we should have had just the same 
DIDOES CUT UP by the chivalry that we 
have witnessed, and with no more damage 
to the Union. 

CUT DIRT (American), or CUT 
ONE'S STICK, LUCKY, etc., verbal 
phr. (common). To make off; 
to escape. To CUT DIRT is 
clearly an allusion to the throw- 
ing up of mud and dust by a 
horse's hoofs in fast trotting. 
Originally, TO CUT ONE'S STICK 
refers to the cutting of a staff 
from a hedge or tree on the occa- 
sion of a journey CUT OVER 
and CUT AWAY, though vulgarly 
colloquial in the nineteenth, were 

. in literary use in the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries. A 
curious and noteworthy parallel 
is found in Zechariah xi. 10, where 
the 'cutting of a stick' is described 
as the symbol of breaking a 
friendly covenant. CUT ONE'S 
STICK is sometimes elaborated 
into AMPUTATE ONE'S MAHOGANY 
(q.v.). CUT ONE'S LUCKY is a 
simple reference to a * lucky ' 



escape. A Latin equivalent of 
CUT ONE'S STICK is to be found 
in Juvenal's Collige sarcinulas 
('collect the bags'). For syn- 
onyms, see AMPUTATE. To CUT 
ONE'S LUCKY also signifies to die. 

1829. Negro Song [quoted in *$". /., 
adC., p. 287]. He jump up fo' sartin 
he CUT DIRT and run, While Sambo 
follow arter wid his ' turn, turn, turn.' 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers 
(about 1827), p. 79 (ed. 1857). Hold still, 
sir ; wot's the use o 1 runnin arter a man as 
has MADE HIS LUCKY, and got to t'other 
end of the Borough by this time. 

1840. DICKENS, Old Curiosity Shop, 
ch. xl. ' And now that the nag has got 
his wind again,' said Mr. Chuckster, 
rising in a graceful manner, ' I'm afraid 

I must CUT MY STICK.' 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 136. He 
t James II.] is the only English sovereign 
who may be said to have amputated his 
bludgeon, which, if we were speaking of 
an ordinary man and not a monarch, we 
should have rendered by the familiar 
phrase of CUT HIS STICK. 

1841. Comic Almanack, p. 278. As 
sune as ve arived at the sumat had a 
Werry hextensif vew off Prinse lewy a 
CUTTIN HIS UNLUKKY, folowd by his 
folowers at H i pressure spede. 

1843. W. M. THACKERAY, Lyra 
Hibemica. 'The Battle of Limerick.' 
. . . the best use Tommy made Of his 
famous battle blade, Was to CUT HIS OWN 
STICK from the Shannon shore. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 150. A iran 
got me to go for some in a orchard, and 
told me how to manage ; but I CUT MY 
LUCKY in a minute 

1853. Western Scenes. Now you 
CUT DIRT, and don't let me see you here 
again for a coon's age, you hear ? 

1855. J. RICHARDSON, Recollections 
of Last Half Century, vol. II., p. 172. 
In less than half an hour he swallowed the 
whole undiluted contents of the bottle, and 
haying done so CUT HIS LUCKY, and 
retired. 

ante~i%l\. Border Adventures, p. 231. 
Now, I say, old hoss, if you don't hurry 
up and CUT DIRT like streak - liyhtnin', 
this child goes arter you, and you look out 
for a windin" sheet, you hear? 

18PO. Punch's Almanack, p. 3. 



Cute. 



239 



Cut it Fat. 



CUTE, CUTERER, and CUTELY, adj. 
and adv. (colloquial). Sharp ; 
clever; 'fly to wot's wot.' [A 
corruption of ACUTE.] Fr., 
avoir le nez creux. For syno- 
nyms, see KNOWING. So also 
CUTENESS, the quality or character 
of being CUTE. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
COTE (A) : sharp, witty, ingenious, ready, 
etc. 

1754. B. MARTIN, Eng. Diet. (2 ed.). 
CUTE (alow word used instead of (Acute): 
witty. 

1762. FOOTE, Orators, Act i. I did 
speechify once at a vestry concerning new 
lettering the church buckets, and came off 
CUTELY enough. 

1765. FOOTE, Commissary, III. I 
did not know but they might be after, 
more CUTERER now in catching their 
larniug. 

1768. GOLDSMITH, Good Natured 
Man, Act ii. Well, who could have 
thought so innocent a face could cover so 
much 'CUTENESS ! 

1768. GOLDSMITH, Good Natured 
Man, Act iv. Truly, madam, I write and 
indite but poorly. I never was "CUTE at 
my learning. 

1874. M. COLLINS, Frances, ch. 
xxxv. We can leave them to their own 
devices ; they're both pretty 'CUTE. 

1884. C. GIBBON, By Mead and 
Stream, ch. xx. Dressed in the latest 
City fashion for there is a City fashion, 
designed apparently to combine the ele- 
gance of the West end with a suggestion 
of superhuman ' CUTENESS.' 

CUT FINE, verbal phr. (common). 
To narrow down to a minimum. 

CUT IN, verbal phr. (common). To 
join in suddenly and without 
ceremony ; to intrude, or CHIP 
IN (q.v.). Also substantively. 

1819. SCOTT, Bride of Lammermoor, 
ch. xxi. He was afraid you would CUT 
IN and carry off the girl. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzlewit, 
ch. xxiv., p. 246. I advise you to keep 
your own counsel, and to avoid tittle- 
tattle, and not to CUT IN where you're not 
wanted. 



1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. 
vii. ' Most injudicious,' CUT IN the Major. 

1864. G. A. LAWRENCE, Guy Living- 
stone, ch. vi. Keeping all her after-supper 
waltzes for him religiously, though half the 
men in town were trying to CUT IN. 

1883. Referee, 17 June, p. 7, col. 4. 
I am anxious to have a CUT IN and get a 
big advertisement for nothing. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. v. ' In short,' CUT IN my uncle 
unceremoniously, ' you have seen enough 
of Jack's life to know something about it ?' 

CUT INTO, verbal phr. (Winchester 
College). Originally to hit one 
with a 'ground ash.' The office 
was exercised by Bible-clerks 
upon a ' man ' kicking up a row 
when 'up to books.' Now gene- 
rally used in the sense of to cor- 
rect in a less formal manner than 

TUNDING (q.V.). 

CUT IT, verbal phr. (common). To 
move off quickly ; to run away, 
or CUT DIRT (g. v.). For syno- 
nyms, see AMPUTATE and SKE- 
DADDLE. 

1885. Indoor Paupers, p. 36. Once 
a week we CUT IT From the workhouse 
gate. 

Intj. phr. (common). 'Cease ! ' 
' Stow it ! ' ' Stash it ! 'A 
forcible injunction to desist and 
be off. Also CUT THAT ! or 
simply CUT ! 

1863. C. READE, Hard Cash, II., 
240. Then first he seemed to awake to his 
danger, and uttered a stentorian cry of 
terror, that rang through the night, and 
made two [unprofessional] of his three 
captors tremble. ' CUT THAT,' said Green 
[professional] sternly, 'or you'll get into 
trouble.' Mr. Hardie lowered his voice 
directly. 

CUT IT FAT, verbal phr. (general). 
To show off; to make a di - 
play ; to ' come it strong ' ; ' put 
on side,' or CUT A DASH (q.v.\ 

1F35. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, p. 
54. Gentlemen, in alarming waistcoats, 



Cut Mutton. 



240 Out Ones Eye Teeth. 



and steel watch - guards, promenading 
about, three abreast, with surprising dig- 
nity (or as the gentleman in the next box 
facetiously observes, 'CUTTING IT UNCOM- 
MON FAT ! ') 

1841. Comic Almanack, 'Christmas 
Fair.' A goose, even tailors have, who 
CUT IT FAT, And use the^ww itself to get 



1887. BAUMANN, Londonismen. 'A 
slang dittv,' p. v. But, there, it don't 
matter, Since lo CUT IT STILL FATTER, By 
'ook and by crook Ve've got up this book. 

CUT MUTTON, verbal phr. (old). 
To partake of one's hospitality. 
Cf. , ' to break bread ' with one. 

1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. 
xxxii. Bungay . . . hoped to have the 
pleasure of seeing both gents to CUT 
MUTTON with him before long. 

CUT OFF ONE'S HEAD, verbal phr. 
(American political). Used when 
an official's term of office has 
come to an end through change 
of Government, or supercession 
in other ways. Also TO DECAPI- 
TATE and TO BEHEAD. 

1869. New York Herald, 5 Aug. 
' The axe,' wrote a correspondent from 
Washington, 'is still doing its bloody 
work, and HEADS ARE FLYING OFF in all 
directions. The clerks in the Treasury 
Department begin to feel anxious, as the 
work of decapitation will soon make an 
end of them also.' 

1872. Daily Telegraph, 5 Jan. 
' Leader.' At the commencement of any 
fresh Presidency, hundreds of Democratic 
employes have their HEADS CUT OFF to 
make room for Republicans who, in their 
turn, will be decapitated when the Demo- 
crats get the upper hand again. 

CUT OF ONE'S JIB, subs, phr \ (nau- 
tical). The general appearance. 
[From the foremost sail of a ship, 
which is frequently indicative of 
a vessel's character. A strange 
sail is judged by the CUT OF ITS 

JIB.] 

1833. MARRYAT, Peter Simple [ed. 
1846], vol. I., ch. ii., p. 9. I axes you 
because I see you're a sailor by the CUT OF 

YOUR JIB. 



1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, 3 
S., ch. iv. For 1 seed by the CUT OF THE 
FELLER'S JIB that he was a preacher. 

1836. MICHAEL SCOTT, Cruise of the 
Midge (ed. 18), p. 363. Oh, I see 
there is a smart hand, in the gay jacket 
there, who does not seem to belong to your 
crew a good seamen, evidently, by the 
CUT OF HIS JIB. 

1881. BUCHANAN, God and the Man, 
ch. xvi. By the voice of you, by the rigs 
of you, and by the CUT OF YOUR PRECIOUS 
JIB. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. iii. My democratic wide-awake 
and the republican CUT OK MY JIB, said he 
looking down at his clothes. 

CUT ONE'S CART, verbal phr. 
(vagrants') See quot. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
andLon. Poor, vol. I., p. 339. I've seen 
them doze and sleep against the door. 
They like to be there before anyone CUTS 
THEIR CART (exposes their tricks). 

CUT ONE'S COMB, verbal phr. 
(common). To snub ; to lower 
conceit. 

1593. G. HARVEY, Pierces Super- 
erog., in wks. II., 283. Can . . . loue 
quench, or Zeale luke warme, or valour 
manicle, or, excellencie mew-vpp, or perfec- 
tion geld, or supererogation COMBE-CUTT 
itselfe? 

1608. MIDDLETON, Trick to Catch 
the Old One, IV., iv. To see ten men 
ride after me in watchet liveries, with 
orange-tawny caps, 'twill CUT HIS COMB, 
i' faith. 

ed. 1717. NED WARD, wks. II., 302. 
If you prate one word more, I shall SLICE 
A SMVER OFF YOUR COXCOMB, and teach 
you a little more manners before I've done 
with you. 

1822. SCOTT, The Fortunes of Nigel, 
ch. ii. I will take my own time ; and all 
the Counts in Cumberland shall not CUT MY 



CUT ONE'S EYES, verbal phr. 
(thieves'). To get suspicious. 

CUT ONE'S EYE (or WISDOM) 
TEETH, verbal phr. (common). 
To learn ' what s what.' [A play 



Cut Ones Own Grass. 241 



Cut the Painter. 



upon the word 'eye,' with an 
allusion to the canine teeth.] 

CUT ONE'S OWN GRASS, verbal 
phr. (prison). To get one's own 
living. C/., PADDLE ONE'S OWN 
CANOE. 

CUT OUT, verbal phr. (colloquial). 
To debar; deprive of advantage; 
supersede. Cf. , CUT, verb, sense 
5. [Originally a nautical term; 
from CUTTING OUT a ship in an 
enemy's port.] 

1779. R. CUMBERLAND, Wheel of 
Fortune, Act iv., Sc. 3. I suspect your 
heart inclines to Captain Woodville ; and 
now he is come to England, I suppose I 
am likely to be CUT OUT. 

1856. C. BRONTE, Professor, ch. iii. 
There's Waddy Sam Waddy making 
up to her ; won't I CUT HIM OUT ? 

1863. HON. MRS. NORTON, Lost and 
Saved, p. 182. One woman has often CUT 
ANOTHER OUT, whose superiority, if dis- 
sected and analysed, would be found to be 
composed of the carriage that whirled her 
up to the door, the nimble footman who 
rapped at it, the soft carpet on the hand- 
some staircase, the drawing-room to which 
it led, and the gilt stand full of geraniums, 
heliotropes, and roses in the curtained 
window. 

1864. G. A. LAWRENCE. Guy Living- 
stone, ch. xxv. Here, as elsewhere, she 
pursued her favourite amusement, re- 
morselessly. Fallowfield called it 'her 
CUTTING OUT expeditions." She used to 
watch till a mother and daughter had, be- 
tween them, secured a good matrimonial 
prize, and then employ her fascinations on 
the captured one. 

CUTOUT Q*, verbal phr. (common). 
To ' do,' or be done, out of. 

CUTS, subs, (tailors'). Scissors. 
* SMALL CUTS ' = button-hole 
scissors. 

CUT SAUCY. See SAUCY. 

CUT SHORT. (Generally CUT IT 
SHORT !) phr. (common). A 
common injunction not to be 



prolix. For synonyms, see STOW 
IT. 

1852. DICKENS, Bleak House, ch. 
Ivii., p. 478. 'Come, then!' he gruffly 
cried to her, ' You hear what she says. 
CUT IT SHORT, and tell her. 1 

1878. JAS. PAYN, By Proxy, ch. xvi. 
Let us CUT THIS SHORT, Pennicuick. 
There is nothing more of importance to be 
said, and such talk is painful to both of 
us. 

CUTTER, subs. (old). A robber ; 
a bully. [From committing acts 
of violence like those ascribed to 
the Mohocks ; or, from cutting 
purses. Cotgrave translates CUT- 
TER (or swash - buckler) by 
balaffreuX) taillebras, fendeur t/e 
naseaux. Coles has, 'A CUTTER 
(or robber), gladiator, /afro.'] 
This ancient cant word now 
survives in the phrase, * to swear 
like a CUTTER. ' 

c. 1589. NASHE, Month' s Mind, in 
wks., vol. I., p. 152. These like lustie 
CUTTERS .... aduentured to lay holde 
fast on our purses, and like strong theeues 
in deed proffered to robbe vs of all our 
monnie. 

1633. ROWLEY, Match at Midn.. 
O. PI., vii., 353. He's out of cash, and 
thou know'st, ty CUTTER'S law we are 
bound to relieve one another. 

1663. ABRAHAM COWI.KY, The Cutter 
of Coleman St. [Title of play.] 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, 
ch. xxiii. Fifty thousand decuses, the 
spoils of five thousand bullies, CUTTERS, 
and spendthrifts. 

CUT THE LINE, ROPE, or STRING, 

verbal phr. (thieves'). To cut a 
story short ; to stop yarning. 
See CAVE. 

CUT THE PAINTER, verbal phr. 
(nautical). I. To decamp ; make 
off secretly and suddenly. For 
synonyms, see AMPUTATE and 
SKEDADDLK. 

2. To die..?** ALOFT and 
Ho i THE TWIG. 

16 



Cutting. 



242 



Cut Up. 



CUTTING, verbal subs, and ppL adj. 
(trade). I. The process of under- 
selling ; synonymous with com- 
petition of the keenest kind. See 
CUT. verb, sense 4. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 372. There is 
great competition in the trade, and much 
of what is called CUTTING, or one trades- 
man underselling another. Ibid., vol. 
II., p. 232. Those employers who 
seek to reduce the prices of a trade 
are known technologically as CUT- 
TING employers, in contradistinction 
to the standard employers, or those who 
pay their workpeople, and sell their goods 
"at the ordinary rates. 

1863. Once a Week, vol. VIII., p. 
552. At first sight it would seem that 
the poor men got a better article for less 
money than the rich and well-to-do 
classes ; but a little inquiry into the 
method by which these CUTTING bakers 
1 make things pleasant ' soon dissipate this 
seeming anomaly. 

1863. Once a Week, vol. VIII., p. 179. 
If she is accustomed to frequent CUTTING 
SHOPS, where the stock is periodically 
thrown into a state of convulsions in its 
efforts to sell itself off, of course she 
expects to be done. 

2. (colloquial). Disowning or 
ignoring a person. SeeCuT, verb, 
sense 2. 

1854. AYTOUN AND MARTIN. Bon 
Gaultier Ballads. ' The Doleful Lay 
of the Honble. I. O. Uwins.' Uselessly 
down Bond Street strutting, Did he greet 
his friends of yore : Such a universal 
CUTTING, Never man received before. 

CUTTLE or CUTTLE BUNG, subs. 
(old). A knife used by cut- 
purses. [From Latin cultellus, 
a knife ; ttnde, a cutlass. ] For 
synonyms, see CHIVE. 

1592. GREENE, Second Part Conny- 
catching, in wks., vol. X., p. 3. And 
feeling if his CUTTLE BOUNG were glibbe 
and of a good edge, went to this meale- 
vnan to enter combate hand to hand with 
his purse. 

1599. NASHE, Lenten Stuffe (Harl. 
Misc., VI., 172). [He] unsheathed his 
cu rTLE-BONG, and from the nape of the 
necke to the taile dismembered him. 



16)8. DEKKER, Belman of London, 
in wks. (Grosart) III., 154. He that cuts 
the purse is called the Nip . . . The 
knife is called a CUTTLE-BUNG. 

1610. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, 
p. 37 (H. Club's Repr., 1874). A Roome 
CUTTLE : a sword. A CUTTLE BUNG : 
a knife to cut a purse. 

CUTTY- EYED, adj. (thieves'). Sus- 
picious looking ; leering. 

CUT UP, verbal phr. (colloquial). 
I. To run down ; to mortify. 

1759. GOLDSMITH The Bee, No. 5, 
p. 390 (Globe ed.). The pack of critics, 
who probably have no other occupation 
but that of CUTTING UP everything new. 

1819. SHELLEY, Letter to Oilier, in 
Letters (Camelot), p. 309. I read the 
article ... I am glad, however, to see 
the Quarterly CUT UP, and that by one of 
their own people. 

1874. MORTIMER COLLINS, Frances, 
ch. xvii. The slashing writers who delight 
to CUT UP a book, especially if the author 
is a friend or a rival. 

2. (common). To come up ; 
turn up ; become ; show up. 

3. (thieves'). To divide 
plunder ; to share ; to * nap the 
regulars.' Cf., CUT UP FAT. 

1779. R. CUMBERLAND, Wheel of 
Fortune, Act iv., Sc. 3. Sir D. D. A 
gentleman, who trusts to servants in his 
absence, is sure to be CUT UP. Emily, 
CUT UP ! what's that. Sir D. D. Why, 
'tis a common phrase. 

1870. J. K., Good Words, April. 'The 
Nailmakers' Lamentation.' Now, what's 
twelve shillings to CUT UP, To pay so 
many things. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm.Mag., 
XL., 505. We had between sixty and 
seventy quid to CUT UP (share). 

1880. G. R. SIMS, How the Poor Live. 
These . . . were mostly ' ramps,' or 
' swindles, got up to obtain the gate-money, 
and generally interrupted by circumstances 
arranged beforehand by those who were 
going to CUT UP the plunder. 

4. (common). To behave. 

1856. T. HUGHES, Tom Browns 
School-days, pt. I., ch. v. You see, a 
great deal depends on how a fellow CUTS 
UP, at first. If he's got nothing odd 
about him, and answers straightforward, 
and holds his head up, he gets on. 



Cut Up. 



243 



Cymbal. 



1883. Illust. London News, 12 May, 
p. 463, col. 2. Export again CUT UP 
wretchedly in the Burwell Stakes, which 
fell to Blue Glass, and one of the best of 
the American three-year-olds. 

CUT UP FAT, verbal phr. 
(common). To leave a large 
fortune. Cf., CUT UP, sense 3. 

1824. T. HOOK, Sayings and Doings, 
i S., Dan-vers, p. 13 ('Colburn's Stand. 
Novels'). His property was immense 
. . . and few people ventured to guess 
. . . what he would CUT UP for. 

1831. DISRAELI, The Young Duke, 
bk. IT., ch. vii., p. 228 (ed. 1866). 'You 
think him rich?' 'Oh, he will CUT UP 
VERY LARGE,' said the Baron. 

1848. THACKERAY, Book of Snobs, 
ch. vii. The old banker died in course of 
time, and to use the affectionate phrase 
common on such occasions, CUT UP pro- 
digiously well. 

1860. O. W. HOLMES, The Professor 
at the Breakfast Table, xi., p. 351. In 
the midst of these kind expressions, the 
gentleman with the diamond, the Koh-i- 
noor, as we called him, asked in a very 
unpleasant sort of way, how the old boy 
was likely to CUT UP, meaning what 
money our friend was going to leave 
behind. 

1872. Civilian, 2 March. Time 
wears on, and old Stubbs pays the debt of 
nature, and CUTS UP SPLENDIDLY. His 
colossal fortune is the making of his 
needy sons-in-law. 

CUT UP [ROUGH, RUSTY, 

SAVAGE, STIFF, UGLY, etc.], 

verbal phr. To become quarrel- 
some or dangerous. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xliii., 
p. 377. ' I'll trouble you for the loan of 
five-and-twenty pound.' ' Wot good 'ull 
that do?' inquired Mr. Weller. 'Never 
mind,' replied Sam. ' P'raps you may 
ask for it five minits arterwards ; p'raps 
I may say I von't pay, and CUT UP 

ROUGH.' 

1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. 1. 
T didn't mean any offence beg pardon 
-hang it ! you CUT UP QUITE SAVAGE. 



1855-7. W. M. THACKERAY, Miscel- 
lanies, II., 272. It is true that Natty 
[Edward's Julia's younger brother] called 
many times in Pocklington Square, and 
complained to Edward that he, Nat, could 
neither see his Mar nor the Gurls, and that 
the old gent CUT UP UNCOMMON STIFF. 

1864. A. TROLLOPE, TheSmall House 
at Ailing-ton, ch. iv. She's always talking 
of Lupex being jealous ! if he was TO CUT 
UP ROUGH, you wouldn't find it pleasant. 

CUT UP WELL, verb. phr. 
(venery), To strip well; to be 
an engaging bed-fellow. 

To BE CUT UP (common). 
To be vexed; hurt ; dejected ; 
sometimes simply CUT. Formerly, 
to be in embarrassed circum- 
stances. 

1821. P. EGAN, Tom and Jerry [ed. 
1890], p. 60. But, owing to a combination 
of unfortunate circumstances, such as gam- 
bling, dissipation, etc., Jem is so CUT UP, 
that all his old pals have turned their backs 
upon him. 

1846. THACKERAY, V. Fair, vol. I., 
ch. xxv. ' I should have liked to see the 
old girl before we went,' Rawdon said. 
' She looks so CUT UP and altered that I'm 
sure she can't last long.' 

1855. W. M.THACKERAY, Newcomes, 
II., p. 201. It's not when a fellow'sdown 
and CUT UP, and riled, naturally riled as 
you are, I know you are, Marquis ; it's 
not then that I'm going to be angry with 
you . . . 

1864. Glasgow Herald, 28 Dec. Not 
a word was said. I felt confoundly CUT, 
and every mouthful of that dinner felt as if 
it would choke me. 

CUTTY, subs. A short pipe ; a 

NOSE-WARMER, (q.V.). 

Cuz, subs, (printers'). A work- 
man free of the 'chapel.' 

CYM BAL, subs, (thieves'). A watch. 
For synonyms, see TICKER. 





subs, (common)- 
I. A penny, or 
(in//.) pence ; 
e.g., two D ; 
three D, etc., 
= two - pence, 
three - pence, 
etc. [The initial 
letter of the Latin denarius. ] 

1880. Punch's Almanack, p. 3. Got 
the doldrums dreadful, that is clear. Two 
D left ! must go and do a beer ! 

2. (common). A detective ; 
among thieves, a policeman. For 
synonyms, see BEAK and NARK. 

1879. THOR FREDUR, Sketches from 
Shady Places. Still I play Shoeblack odd 
times. I have a few friends among the 
D'S (detectives), who give me the job to 
watch a house occasionally. 

To USE A BIG D, verbal phr. 
(common). ' To swear ' ; the 
' D ' stands for ' damned.' 

1878. GILBERT AND SULLIVAN, Her 
Majesty's Ship ' Pinafore' What, never 

USE A BIG, BIG D?' 

1890. H.D. TVUM*.! Saturday Songs, 

p. 3. Do we fight the senseless duel, do 
we SLING THE BIG, BIG D, No ; our 
strongest word is 'Bother,' and revolvers 
all we see. 

THE TWO D'S, phr. (military). 
Army regulations enact that 
a soldier's pay must not be 
so docked in fines as to leave 



him less than two-pence a day. 
Hence, if a man, from any 
cause, is put on short pay, he is 
said to be ' on THE TWO D'S/ 

DAB, subs, (colloquial). i. An 
expert ; a DABSTER. [Thought 
to be a corruption of ' adept ' 
(Latin adeptus] a dep ; a dap ; 
a dab.] Cf., ' dabbler,' one who 
meddles without mastery ; a su- 
perficial meddler. Fr., dab> dabe, 
or dade. 

1733. Letter of LORD CHESTERFIELD 
to Lady Suffolk, 17 Aug. [Suffolk Cor- 
respondence, 1824, ii., 64.] . . . known 
DABS at finding out mysteries. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (5 ed.). 
DAB (s.) . . . also an expert gamester is 
so called [also 1754, MARTIN, Eng. Diet. 
(2 ed.), s.v.]. 

1759. GOLDSMITH, The Bee, No. i. 
One writer, for instance, excels at a plan 
or a title-page, another works away the 
body of the book, and a third is a DAB at 
an index. 

1838. Comic Almanack, p. 148. Such 
a DAB to get up a commission. 

1849. J. D. LEWIS, in WHIBLEY, p. 
231. When Hicks, who's no DAB, with 
his oar cuts a crab, And our coxswain he 
swears like the devil. 

1860. DICKENS, Great Expectations, 
ch. xlii., p. 200. He was a smooth one to 
talk, and was a DAB at the ways of gentle- 
folks. 

2. (common). A bed. For 
synonyms, see BUG-WALK and 
KIP, 



Dabster. 



245 



Daddle. 



1823. W. T. MONCRIEFF, Tom and 
Jerry, Act iii., Sc. 3. Mace'. . . . Vhen 
ve've had the liqvor, ve'll kick up a reel, 
and all go to our DABS. 

3. (river-side thieves'). -The 
drowned corpse of an outcast 
woman. 

4. (old). A trifle. 

1745. WALPOLE to Mann, ii., 53. 
The Count may have procured for her 
some dirty DAB of a negotiation about 
some acre of territory more for Hanover. 

Adj. (colloquial). I. Clever ; 
skilled; expert. See suds., sense 
I. Fr., avoir le ponce long, or 
rond, i.e., 'to have a long or 
round thumb.' 

2. (back slang). Bad. A 
DABHENO, a bad market, day, 
or sale. DOOGHENO = a good 
day, etc. ; DAB TROS = a bad 
sort. 

1877. DIPROSE, London Life. I've 
been doing awful DAB with my tol 
(lot) or stock, have'nt made a yennep 
(penny). 

RUM-DABE, su&s. (old). The 
same as DAB, subs., sense I. 
[RUM (q.v.) is Old Cant for 
'good.'] 

DAB DOWN, verbal phr. (com- 
mon). To pay ; hand over ; to 
'post' or 'SHELL OUT' (q.v. for 
synonyms). 

To DAB IT UP [with a woman], 
verbal phr. (old). To pair off; 
to agree to cohabitation. 

DABSTER, subs, (colloquial). An 
expert or DAB (q.v.). 

1877. J. GREENWOOD, Dick Temple, 
ch. iii. ' Not in the least like the per- 
formance of an amateur DABSTER,' re- 
marked Jack Mallet, admiringly. 'Much 
more like the work of an old master for 
style and finish. 1 



DACE, subs. (old). Two-pence ; in 
America, two cents. [From 
'deuce.'] 

DACHA-SALTEE, subs, (thieves' and 
vagrants'). A franc; or tenpence 
English. [From the Italian died 
soldi.'} See SALTEE. 



1861. READE, Cloister and Hearth, 
ch. Iv. What with my crippledom and 
thy piety, a wheeling of thy poor old dad, 
we'll bleed the bumpkins of a DACHA- 
SALTEE. 



DAD - BINGED (also -BLAMED, 
-FETCHED), -GASTED, -GONED, 
-ROTTED, or -SNATCHED, ///. 
adj. (American). Half veiled 
oaths ; ' whips to beat the devil 
round the stump. ' [DAD is a cor- 
rupted form of ' God,' which, with 
other forms, (DOD-, Dog-, etc.), 
is found in various combinations, 
as above.] For synonyms, see 
OATHS. 

1887. Scribners Magazine, ' D ADGU M 
ye ! ' cried Jeff, irritably, ' whut by 
grabs, hit's a human critter ! ' 

1888. S.L.CLEM ENS ('Mark Twain'), 
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, p. 122. 
A chile er two, mo 'er less, warn't no con- 
sekens to Sollermun, DAD-FETCH him. 
Ibid. ' Why, Mars Tom, I doan want no 
rats. Dey's de DAD-BLAMEDEST creturs to 
'sturb a body ... I ever see.' 

DAD-DAD, M u M - M u M or DADDY- 
MAMMY, subs. phr. (military). 
A beginner's practice on the drum. 

DADDLE, stibs. (common). The 
hand ; or fist. To TIP THE 
DADDLE, to shake hands. For 
synonyms, see BUNCH OF FIVES, 
to which may be added the fol- 
lowing lists : 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Chalk- 
farm ; claw; clutch; cornstealev; 
duke ; fam ; famble ; feeler ; fin ; 
flapper ; flipper ; forceps ; fore- 
foot ; fork ; grappling - iron or 



Daddy. 



246 



Daffy. 



hook ; goll (old) ; oar ; paddle ; 
palette ; paw ; plier ; shaker ; 
wing ; Yarmouth mitten. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Les abatis 
or abattis (popular : a term applied 
to both hands and feet ; properly 
giblets) ; r agrafe (common ; hook 
or clasp) ; la croche (thieves ' : 
properly a quaver ; possibly in- 
fluenced by croc = hook, grapnel, 
or drag ; an allusion to the hooked 
appearance of the musical note) ; 
/a. cut Her (popular : literally a 
spoon) ; les brancards (popular : 
this expression, like abatis, is also 
used of the feet ; properly = 
shafts, as of a cart) ; Pargttemine 
(thieves') ; le battoir (popular : 
properly a washerwoman's 'bat'); 
un gigot (popular : a large, thick 
hand, a 'mutton fist ') ; le grappin ; 
les harpions ( also = feet). 

ITALIAN SYNONYM. Gramoso 
(properly ' a wretch ') ; cerra. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Life's Painter, 
p. 143, s.v. 

1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Mem. 
to Cong., p. 23. From this to the finish, 
'twas all fiddle-faddle, Poor Georgy, at 
last, could scarce hold up his DADDLE. 
Ibi-i. With DADDLES high uprais'd, and 
nob held back, In awful prescience of th' 
impending thwack. 

1827. SCOTT, Two Drovers, ch. ii. 
Ah, this comes of living so long with kilts 
and bonnets men forget the use of their 

DADDLES. 

1842. Punch, vol. TIL, p. 136. And 
her DADDLE link'd in his'n gone to roam 
as lovers use. 

1849. C. KINGSLEY, Alton Locke, 
ch. v. ' Tip us your DADDLE, my boy,' 
said the second speaker. 



DADDY, subs, (general). i. The 
superintendent of a casual ward ; 
generally an old pauper. 



2. (theatrical). A stage 
manager. See quot. 

1886. Graphic, 10 April, p. 399. The 
manager himself is sometimes known as the 
' gorger,' and DADDY is the stage-manager. 

3. (common). A confederate 
of ' workers ' of mock raffles, lot- 
teries, etc. ; generally the person 
selected to receive the prize. 

DADDYISM, subs. (American). 
Pride of birth. 

1871. KATE FIELD, in Harpers 
Bazaar, Aug. An Eastern man commend- 
ing the services of a young Philadelphia!! 
to a Chicago tradesman, said : ' He comes 
of a very good family ; his grandfather was 
a distinguished man.' ' Was he ?' replied 
the man of Chicago. ' That's of no 
account with us. There's less DADDYISM 
here than any part of the United States. 
What's he himself.' 

DAFFY or DAFFY'S ELIXIR, subs. 
(common). Gin. [From a popu- 
lar medicine sold as early as the 
beginning of the eighteenth cen- 
tury : see advertisements (1709), 
in Ashton's Social Life in the 
Reign of Queen Anne, i., pp. 7, 
8 : now known as ' Tincture of 
Senna.'] For synonyms, see 
DRINKS. 

1821. The Fancy, vol. I., p. 304. 
While carrying on his new vocation of 
publican, Jack did not deny himself the 
use of drops of DAFFY. 

1841. LEMAN REDE, Sixteen-String 
Jack, Act i., Sc. 2. Take some DAFFY to 
the back parlour. 

1851. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lon. Poor, IV., 430. When I goes in 
where they are a havin' their DAFFIES 
that's drops o' gin, sir. 

1871. London Figaro, 15 April. [If 
the baby] should bawl persistently . . . 
he would . . . thoroughly dose it with 

DAFFY. 

1882. Punch, vol. LXXXII., 193. 
They had low foreheads, and wore big 
buttonholes, for so they termed the flowers, 
it was ' the thing ' to wear. A good many 
of them, too, had been partaking freely 

of DAFFY. 



Daffy-Down-Dilly. 247 



Dairy. 



DAFFY-DOWN-DILLY, subs. (old). 
A 'dandy ; one 'got up regard- 
less. ' For synonyms, see DANDY. 
1841. LEMAN REDE, Sixteen-String 

Jack, Act i., Sc. 2. Bob: I'm here, my 

DAFFY-DOWN-DILLY ! 

DAGEN, subs. (old). An 'artful 
member.' [From DAGEN, a sword 
or dagger.] For synonyms, see 
DOWNY COVE. DAGGER = the 
penis. 

DAGGER-CHEAP, adj. phr. (old). 
* Dirt ' cheap. [From an ordinary 
of low repute in Holborn, notorious 
for the coarseness of its entertain- 
ment. See Jonson's Alchemist ', 
v., 2, and Devil is an Ass, i., i.] 

1631. BISHOP ANDREWES, Sermons 
(posthumous). We set our wares at a 
very easy price ; he (the devil) may buy 
us even DAGGER-CHEAP, as we say. 

DAGS, subs, (common). A feat ; a 
performance or work, e.g., I'll do 
your DAGS = an incitement -to 
emulation. [From DAG, the old 
Saxon form of 'day.' Darg for a 
day's work is common in Scotland. 
A love-darg is a day's free help 
given to a farmer by his neigh- 
bours.] 

1879. Notes and Queries, 5 S., xii., 
15 Aug., p. 128. ' I'll do you (or your) 
DAGS.' An expression used by children of 
young, and sometimes of older, growth, 
meaning, ' I'll do something that you can- 
not do. 1 

1886. Fun. He was very fond of 
what, in schoolboy days, we used to call 
doing DAGS. 

DAILY LEVY, subs, (journalistic). 
The Daily Telegraph. [This 
London daily was established 
by Mr. Edward Levy Lawson.] 

DAIRY, subs, (common). The paps. 

TO AIR THE DAIRY- tO expose 

the breast. 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Bubs or 
bubbles ; charlies ; blubber ; but- 
ter-boxes ; butter-bags ; berkeleys ; 
cat-heads ; diddies ; globes ; dugs; 
milk - walk ; milk - shop ; milky 
way; dumplings ; udder (Brown- 
ing) ; ' Nature's founts ' ; feeding 
bottles ; ' charms ' ; hemispheres ; 
apple - dumpling shop ; meat 
market ; poonts ; titties ; cab- 
man's rests (rhyming) ; baby's 
bottom. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Les 
avantages (familiar) ; F avant-cicur 
(popular = the fore-heart ; as 
Favant-btas = the fore-arm) ; 
Favant - main ; les avant - scenes 
(properly that goes before ; the 
front of a stage) ; les avant-postes 
(literally, the outposts) ; forangcr 
(popular = the orange-tree. C/., 
des oranges sitr Fetagere] ; les 
nenais or nenets (popular) ; dettx 
(fiifs sur leplat ( common) ; le mcnzti 
or mo-uzu (Old Cant) ; des blagues 
a tabac (popular = tobacco-pou- 
ches) ; des be s sons (common = 
twins) ; une etagere or unetal( pro- 
perly a butcher's stall ; etalage = 
goods exposed for sale ; Cf. , etaler 
sa marchandise = \.o wear a low- 
necked dress) ; la doublure de la 
piece (popular) ; devant de gilet 
(popular : un gilet a la mode 
- well - developed paps) ; une 
livraison de bois devant sa porte 
(popular) ; le ragotit de la poitrine 
(ra^ont = pleasure, poitrine = 
breast) ; la mappe-monde (popular : 
literally a map of the two hemis- 
pheres) ; les nichons (familiar) ; 
il y a du monde au balcon (said of 
one with large paps) ; les bossoirs 
(sailors' ; gabarit sans bossoirs = 
thin or withered paps); les cale- 
basses ( = gourds) ; les edaireurs 
(popular: scouts); des gibasses 
(popular : skinny paps) ; des <xujs 
sur la place darmes (popular). 



Daisies. 



248 



Daisy-Roots. 



GERMAN SYNONYM. Gldshaus 
(i.e., milk-house ; Gleis = milk). 

ITALIAN SYNONYM. Tetta. 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Balso- 
peto (m ; properly = a large pouch 
carried near the breast) ; chiche or 
chichi (f; a Mexican vulgarism) ; 
pechera (/; also = a stomacher or 
frill on the bosom of a shirt). 
181J . Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

DAISIES, subs, (general). Boots. 
Cf., DAISY-ROOTS, and for syno- 
nyms, see TROTTER-CASES. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macin. 
Mag. , XL., 503. While waiting for my pal 
I had my DAISIES cleaned. 

To TURN UP ONE'S TOES TO 
THE DAISIES. To die. For 
synonyms, see ALOFT and HOP 

THE TWIG. 

1837. BARHAM, Ingoldsby Legends 
(Babes in the Wood). Be kind to those 
dear little folks When our TOES ARE 

TURNED UP TO THE DAISIES. 

DAISY, subs. (American). A man 

or thing first-rate of a kind. Also 

equivalent to DANDY, subs., 

sense 4. 

c. 1876. Broadside Ballad, ' Mrs. 

Brady's Daughter.' She's such a DAISY, 

she sets me crazy. 

1888. Denver Republican, May. ..Jack 
Dempsey is beyond compare a pugilistic 

DAISY. 

1890. RUDYARD KIPLING, Fuzzy 
Wuzzy, in Scots Observer, iv., p. 439, col. 
i. 'E's a DAISY, 'e's a ducky, Vs a lamb. 

Adj. (American). First-rate ; 
Ai. 

1889. Puck's Library, April, p. 7. 
Big scene of boats ascending Nile cata- 
racts new sensation, never done before 
and chance for DAISY effects in the desert. 

DAISY BEAT. See under BEAT. 



DAISY-CUTTER, subs, (common). 
I. A horse whether good or bad. 
Also DAISY-KICKER. Fr. , tin rase- 
tapis. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

1817. SCOTT, Rob Roy, ch. iii. I 
should like to try that DAISY-CUTTER of 
yours upon a piece of level road (barring 
canter) for a quart of claret at the next inn. 

1834. W. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood. 
Song, 'The Game of High Toby.' But 
what DAISY-CUTTER can match that black 
tit. 

1866. C. READE, Griffith Gaunt, ch. 
i. Others galloped uselessly about pound- 
ing the earth, for DAISY-CUTTERS were few 
in those days. 

2. (cricket). A ball which 
travels more than half the ' pitch' 
along the ground without rising ; 
a ' sneak. ' Wykehamice, ' a ram- 
rod.' See GRUB. 



DAISY-KICKER, subs. (old). i. A 
horse. Cf., DAISY-CUTTER and 
GROGHAM. For synonyms, see 
PRAD. 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
II., 48. The hostler then says, ' He has a 
choice nag or DAISY-KICKER to sell or 
SWAP.' 



2. (old). An ostler, 
implication from sense I.] 



[By 



DAISY-BEATERS. 6V* CREEPERS. 



1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
II., 39. DAISY-KICKERS are Hostlers be- 
longing to large inns ; and are known to 
each ether by this name. 

DAISY-ROOTS (rhyming slang). 
Boots. Also DAISIES. For syn- 
onyms, see TROTTER-CASES. Fr., 
des salaires. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
Mag., XL., 501. I piped [saw] three or 
four pair of DAISY-ROOTS (boots). 

To PICK A DAISY, verbal phr. 
(common). To evacuate in the 
open air ; also, to retire to make 
water. 



Daisyville. 



249 



Damp. 



DAISYVILLE, subs, (thieves'). The 
country. Also DEUSEAVILLE. 

ENGLISH SYNONYM. Monkery. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. La cam- 
plouse ; la cambrouse ; le pas din 
or pasquelin. 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Longa 
(literally = an expanse) ; polverosa 
( literally = dusty); graziosa (liter- 
ally = graceful). 

1622. HEAD AND KIRKMAN, ' Canting 
Song.' This Doxie Dell can cut bien whids, 
And drill well for a win ; And prig arid 
cloy so benshiply, All the DEUSEA-VILE 
within. 

DAKMA, verb (thieves'). To silence. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum t or 
Rogue's Lexicon, s.v. 

1881. New York Slang Diet. I had 
to DAKMA the bloke to cly the swag. 

DAM. NOT TO CARE or BE WORTH 
A DAMyphr. (common). To care 
or be worth nothing. [The DAM 
or DAWM is an Indian coin worth 
barely the fortieth part of a rupee.] 
Cf., CARE and FIG. 

DAMAGE, subs, (colloquial). The 
cost of anything ; the sum total 
in the sense of recompense. 
' What's the DAMAGE ? ' ' what's 
to pay ? ' also What's the SWIN- 
DLE? (q.v.). [An allusion to 
damages at law.] 

b. 1788, d. 1824. BYRON [quoted in 
Annandale]. Many thanks, but I must 
pay the DAMAGE and will thank you to tell 
me the amount of the engraving. 

1852. H. B. STOWE, Uncle Tom's 
Cabin, ch. xiv. Well, now, my good fel- 
low, what s the DAMAGE, as they say in 
Kentucky ; in short, what's to be paid out 
for this business. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, p. 
576. When he wishes to know what he 
has to pay, he asks, What's the DAMAGE ? 
or not so charitably, What's the swindle ? 



DAMAGED,///, adj. (common). 
Drunk ; SCREWED (q.v. for syn- 
onyms). See DRINKS. 

DAMBER, subs. (old). A man, 
COVE, or CULL belonging to the 
fraternity of vagabonds. For 
synonyms, see COVE. 

DAMME, DAM MY or DAM MY- BOY, 
subs. (old). A sixteenth and 
seventeenth century roysterer ; 
a blustering fellow. [So called 
from the excess to which swear- 
ing was carried by the rakes of 
the day.] 

1654. WITTS, Recreations. To 
valiant DAMMEE. DAM-ME, thy brain is 
valiant, 'tis confest ; Thou more, that with 
it every day dar'st jest Thy self into fresh 
braules ; but call'd upon, With swearing 
DAM-ME, answer'st every one. Keep thy 
self there, and think thy valour right, He 
that dares DAMNE himself, dares more than 
fight. 

1687. CLEVELAND, Works. Depriver 
of those solid joys, Which sack creates ; 
author of noise Among the roaring punks 
and DAMMY-BOYS. 

DAM NASTY OATH, subs. phr. 
(American). A corruption of 
AMNESTY OATH. [Southerners, 
at the close of the Civil War, 
were required, as an outward sign 
of submission to the Union, to 
subscribe to certain conditions, 
upon which a free pardon was 
granted. The terms were deemed 
unpalatable hence DAM NASTY 

OATH.] 

DAMNED-SOUL, subs. (old). A 
Customs House clearing clerk. 
[Because to avoid perjury he 
was alleged to have taken a 
general oath never to swear 
truly in making 'declarations.'] 
\Lexicon Balatron icum , 1 8 1 1 . ] 

DAMP (Generally, SOMETHING 
DAMP), subs. phr. (common). 



Damper. 



250 



Dance. 



A drink ; or ' GO' (q.v. for syn- 
onyms). 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xxvii., 
p. 228. ' So we'll just give ourselves a 
DAMP, Sammy.' Saying this, Mr. Weller 
mixed two glasses of spirits and water, 
and produced a couple of pipes. 

DAMPER, subs, (thieves'). i. A 
till or 'lob.' DRAWING A 
DAMPER = robbing a till, i.e., 
1 lob-sneaking.' 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 
3 ed., p. 445, s.v. 

2. (tailors'). A sweater ; one 
who takes as much as possible 
out of workmen for a minimum 
of pay. 

3. (colloquial). He or that 
which damps, chills, or dis- 
courages. 

4. (old). Ale or stout after 
spirits and water. See COOLER. 

5. (old). A snack between 
meals. See senses 6 and 7. 

6. (schoolboys'). A suet 
pudding served before meat. 
Cf., senses 4 and 5- 

7. (Australian). Unleavened 
bread made of flour and water 
and baked in thin cakes, in a 
frying pan or on a flat stone in 
wood ashes. 

1885. G. A. SALA,in Daily Telegraph, 
3 Sept., p. 5, col. 5. They got enough 
flour from Sydney to make their DAMPERS. 

1886. G. SUTHERLAND, Australia, 
p. 77. They must at least receive a 
' pannikin ' of flour and be allowed to bake 
it up into a piece of DAMPER at the cook- 
ing fire. 

DAMP ONE'S MUG, verbal phr. 
(common). To drink. For 
synonyms, see LUSH. 



DAMP-POT, subs, (tailors') The 
sea ; specifically the Atlantic. 
For synonyms, see BRINY and 
PUDDLE. 

DAMP THE SAWDUST, verbal phr. 
(licensed victuallers') To ' crack 
a bottle ' with friends ' for luck ' 
on starting a new ' house.' 

DAMSON-PIE, subs. (Black 
Country). A Birmingham and 
' black country ' term for * Bil- 
lingsgatry.' 

1888. W. BLACK, Strange Adi', of 
House Boat, ch. viii. Even if you were 
to hear some of the Birmingham lads 
giving each other a dose of DAMSON-PIE 
. . . you wouldn't understand a single 
sentence. 

DANCE, subs, (thieves'). A stair- 
case or flight of step?. A con- 
traction of the older form 
DANCERS. \Ducange Anglicus, 
1857-] 

Verb (old). I. To be hanged. 

Also TO DANCE UPON NOTHING 
and TO DANCE THE PADDINGTON 

FRISK. Ft. , danser tftte danse oh 
il n y a pas cTplancher andfaire la 
benediction du pied en Pair. For 
synonyms, see LADDER. 

1839. H. AiNswoRTH,/aoS/?//tfn/, 
ch. xxxi. ' My limbs feel so light, now 
that my irons are removed,' he obser- 
ved with a smile, ' that I am half inclined 
to dance.' ' You'll DANCE UPON NOTHING, 
presently," rejoined Jonathan, brutally. 

1840. HOOD, Miss Kilnianse^g. Just 
as the felon condemned to die, With a very 
natural loathing, Leaving the sheriff to 
dream of ropes, From his gloomy cell in a 
vision elopes To a caper on sunny greens 
and slopes Instead of the DANCE UPON 
NOTHING. 

1864. Daily News, 2 Dec. Another 
synonym for being hanged is DANCING ON 

NOTHING IN A HEMPEN CRAVAT. 

2. (printers'). Type DANCES 
if letters drop out when the forme 
is lifted. 



Dance of Death. 251 



Dando. 



To DANCE BARNABY. See 
BARNABY. 

DANCE OF DEATH, subs. phr. (old). 
Hanging. Cf., DANCE, verb, 
sense I. 

DANCERS, subs, (thieves') i. 
Stairs ; a flight of steps. Fr., hs 
grimpants. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. v., p. 52 (1874). Track up the DAN- 
CERS, go up the stayres. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

1847. LYTTON, Lucretia, pt. II., ch. 
vii. ' Bob, track the DANCERS. Up like 
a lark and down like a dump.' Bob 
grinned . . . and scampered up the stairs. 

1858. LYTTON, What^ will he do 
with it? bk. III., ch. xvi. Come, my 
Hebe, track the DANCERS, that is, go up 
the stairs. 

2. sing, (thieves'). Also DANC- 
ING MASTER. A thief whose 
speciality is prowling about the 
roofs of houses and effecting an 
entrance through attic and upper 
storey windows ; a GARRETEER 
(q.v.\ [In allusion to dexterity 
of walk.] For synonyms, see 
AREA-SNEAK. 

DANCING-MASTER, subs. (old). i. 
A species of Mohock or dandy, 
temp. Queen Anne. [Who made 
his victims caper by running 
his sword through the legs ; for 
detailed description, see Spectator 
(1712), No. 324.] For list of 
synonyms, see DANDY. 

2. (thieves'). See DANCERS, 
sense 2. 

3. (old). The hangman ; 
Jack Ketch. See DANCE, verb, 
sense i. 

D AND D, phr. (police). 'Drunk 
and disorderly (in connection 



with charge sheet cases). A syno- 
nym is LUSHY AND STROPOLUS. 

1889. Answers, 2 March, p. 218, col. 
i. Last New Year's Day he took over 
143. to my certain knowledge ? for the old 
man was up for p AND D, trying to break 
a window with his broom. 



^/^. (colloquial). Anger. 
To RAISE ONE'S DANDER or GET 
ONE'S DANDER UP or RIZ = to 
make or get angry. [Derivation 
uncertain ; provincial in several 
English counties.] 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzleivit, 
ch. xxi., p. 223. I do my duty; and I 
RAISE THE DANDER of my feller critters, 
as I wish to serve ; . . . they rile up rough, 
along of my objecting to their selling Eden 
off too cheap. 

1848-62. J. RUSSELL LOWELL, Big- 
low Papers. Wut'll make ye act like 
freemen? Wut'll GIT YOUR DANDER RIZ? 

1849. THACKERAY, Penciennis, ch. 
xliii. Don't talk to me about daring to do 
this thing or t'other, or when my DANDER 
is UP, it's the very thing to urge me on. 

1863. Punch, 7 Feb. If John Bull 
had RIZ OUR DANDER, Settin' foot on yon- 
der shore, Then we should have holler'd 
grander Than the broad Atlantic's roar. 

1872. Chamb. Journal, 14 Dec., p. 
791. They knew he'd never find out who 
did it, for he was in such an awful DANDER. 

DANDER ED, ppl. adj. (colloquial). 
Angry; 'mad.' 

1890. H. D. TRAILL, Saturday 
Songs, ' The Precipitate Grandmother,' p. 
30. Whose way of tackling DANDERED 
snakes Is to perpitiate the critters With 
hominy an' buckwheat cakes And pump- 
kin-squash an' apple fritters. 

DANDO, subs, (common). A great 
eater ; a glutton ; specifically a 
sharper who subsists at the ex- 
pense of hotels, restaurants, or 
oyster bars. [From one DANDO, 
a 'bouncing, seedy swell,' hero 
of a hundred ballads, notorious 
for being ' charged ' at least twice 
a month with bilking.] 



Dandy. 



Dandy. 



18(?). THACKERAY, The Professor. 
' What a flat you are,' shouted he in a voice 
of thunder, ' to think I'm agoing to pay ! 
Pay ! I never pay I'm DANDO.' 

1850. MACAULAY, Journal in Life, 
by Trevelyan, ch. xii., p. 539 (1884), April 
27. To Westbourne Terrace, and passed 
an hour in playing with Alice ... I was 
DANDO at a pastry cook's and then at an 
oyster shop. 

1885. ///. London News, 15 Aug., p. 
154, col. 3. One day we are told that the 
couplet should be : Oysters, you'll find, 
are best by far In every month which ends 
with an r. Next day this is pooh-poohed, 
and we are to read, instead : Oysters, 
you'll find, are best by far In every month 
which contains an r. Spiritualists might 
be kind enough to consult DANDO, who 
would, no doubt, have the true version at 
his finger's ends, so as to rap it out on the 
instant. 

DANDY, subs, (formerly slang, now 
recognized). I. A fop ; a cox- 
comb ; a man who pays excessive 
attention to dress. The feminine 
forms, ' dandilly ' and ' dandi- 
zette,' did not ' catch on.' DANDY 
was first applied half in admira- 
tion, half in derision to a fop 
about the year 1816. John Bee 
(Slang Diet., 1823) says that Lord 
Petersham was the chief of these 
successors to the departed Maca- 
ronis, and gives, as their peculiari- 
ties, 'Frenchgait,lispings,wrinkled 
foreheads, killing king's English, 
wearing immense plaited panta- 
loons, coat cut away, small waist- 
coat, cravat and chitterlings im- 
mense, hat small, hair frizzled 
and protruding.' In common 
English DANDY has come to be 
applied to such as are neat and 
careful in dressing according to 
fashion. [From DANDY-PRATT 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Beau ; 
blade ; blood ; buck ; chappie ; 
Corinthian ; count ; court-card ; 
cheese ; daffy-down-dilly; dancing- 
master; dude; dundreary; exquis- 



ite ; flasher ; fop ; gallant ; gom- 
m y > g r g er J Jemmy Jessamy ; 
Johnny ; lounger ; macaroni ; 
masher ; mohawk ; nerve ; nick- 
er ; nizzie ; nob ; oatmeal ; 
scourer ; smart ; spark ; sweater ; 
swell ; toff; tip-topper ; tumbler ; 
yum-yun. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Ungan- 
din (popular = a frequenter of 
the old Boulevard de Gand) ; 
un gomrneux ; un mouchard ; tin 
mouget ; tin petit maitre ; un talon- 
rouge (from the red heels worn 
in the seventeenth century); un 
incroyable (a 'swell' of the 
Directoire period, as also tin 
we.rveilleux) ; tin mirliftore (an 
allusion to millefleurs, a favourite 
perfume) ; tin mtiscadin ; un ele- 
gant ; un dandy ; un lion ; un 
fashionable', tin cocodes; un creve\ 
tin petit creve '; un col-casse', tin 
luisant ; un poisseux ; un boudine ; 
un pscJiutteux ; un exhume | un 
gratine', unfaucheur\ un becarre; 
tin daim ; un excellent bon ; un 
fade\ un fadaid; un gilet en 
cocur ; un mtiguet (properly lily cf 
the valley. Cf., DAFFY-DOWN- 
DILLY). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Don 
gttindo ; hopeo ; pisaverde. 

1818. CARLYLE, in Early Letters 
(Norton), vol. I., p. 158 When I walk 
along the streets, I see fair women .... 
and fops (DANDIES as they are called in 
current slang), shaped like an hour-glass 
creatures whose life and death, as Crispin 
pithily observes, ' I esteem of like impor- 
tance, and decline to speak of either.' 

1821. COOMBE, Syntax, Wife, c. iv. 
I met just now, upon the stairs, A DANDY 
in his highest airs. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, 2 S., 
ch. viii. Great DANDY was Mr. Bobbin ; 
he looked just as if he had come out of the 
tailors' hands. 

1847. LYTTON, Lucretia, pt. I., ch.i., 
What is now the DANDY was then [1880] 
the Buck. 



Dandy. 



253 



Dandypratt. 



1866. W. D. HOWELLS, Venetian 
Life, ch. xx. He is a DANDY, of course, 
all Italians are DANDIES, but his vanity is 
perfectly harmless, and his heart is not bad. 

1890. LORD LAMINGTON, The Days 
of the Dandies [Title]. 

2. (thieves'). A bad gold 
coin. [In allusion to its care- 
ful make and composition, this 
coin containing a certain propor- 
tion of pure gold.] 

1883. JAS. GREENWOOD, Tag, Rag, 
and Co., p. 24. It is not in paltry pewter 
' sours ' with which the young woman has 
dealings, but in DANDYS, which, rendered 
into intelligible English, means imitation 
gold coin half-sovereigns and whole ones. 

3. (Irish). A 'small whiskey.' 

1838. Blackwootfs Mag. , May, ' Father 
Tom and the Pope.' ' Dimidium cyathi 
veroapud Metropolitanos Hibernicosdicitur 

DANDY.' 

1883. HAWLEY SMART, Hawkins, ch. 
vi. It's beautiful punch ah, well, as 
you're so pressing, I'll just take another 

DANDY. 

4. (American). Anything 
first-rate; a DAISY (q.v.). Also 
used adjectively. 

1888. Superior Inter-Ocean. Dr. H. 
Conner has invested in a fine piece of horse- 
flesh. The animal was purchased in Osh- 
kosh, and has a record of 3*37. It is said 
to be a DANDY. 

1888. St. Louis Globe Democrat, 21 
Jan. My box ain't no good mister, but 
I know a feller over dere dat's got de 
DANDY one. 

1888. Missouri Republican, 2 Feb. 
I'm a terror from Philadelphia, and I can 
lick any man in the world. I'm a DANDY 
from away back ; the farther back they 
come the DANDIER they are, and I come 
from the furthest back. 

THE DANDY, adv. phr. (com- 
mon). All right ; ' your sort ' j 
* the ticket. ' Cf. , DANDY, sense 4. 
A north-country song has the line, 
' The South Shields lasses are 
THE DANDY O ! ' 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, i 
S., ch., xxvi. I guess our great nation 



may be stumped to produce more eleganter 
liquor than this here. It's THE DANDY, 
that's a fact. 

1884. Notes and Queries, 6 S., ix., 
p. 35. I not long since heard a carpenter 
whose saw did not cut, wanting, as he 
expressed it, 'to be sharpn'd,' and who 
took up another in better condition, say, 
1 Ah ! that's THE DANDY.' 

DAN DY-M ASTER , subs, (thieves'). 
The head of a gang of counter- 
feiters ; who makes the coin, but 
does not himself attempt to pass 
it. [From DANDY, sttbs., sense 

2, + MASTER.] 



1883. GREENWOOD, Tag, Rag, and 
Co. The spirits obtained being mostly 
bottled and labelled, and unopened, find a 



ready sale at public-houses known to the 
DANDY-MASTER, so that no serious loss is 
experienced in that direction. 

DAN DYPRATT or DAN DI PRATT, subs. 
(old) . Primarily a dwarf; a page; 
by implication a jackanapes. In 
all likelihood, the etymon of the 
modern 'dandy,' erroneously de- 
rived from the French daitdin 
a fool, as in Moliere, Georges 
Dandin. [From DANDIPRATT, a 
half farthing of the time of Henry 
VIL] 

1580. Lingua, or the Five Senses, 
O. PI., v., 172. This Heuresis, this inven- 
tion, is the proudest Jackanapes, the 
pertest, self- conceited boy that ever 
breathed ; because, forsooth, some odd 
poet, or some such fantastic fellows, make 
much on him, there's no ho with him ; the 
vile DANDIPRAT will overlook the proudest 
of his acquaintance. 

J 622. M ASSI NGER, Virgin - Martyr 
II., i. The smug DANDIPRAT smells us 
out, whatsoever we are doing. 

] 657. MIDDLETON, More Dissembler 
besides Women, Anc. Dr., IV., 372. 
There's no good fellowship in this 
DANDIPRAT, this divedapper [didapper], 
as in other pages. 

1706. R. KSTCOVRT, Fair Example, 
Act iii., Sc. 3, p. 40. Boy. A candle, sir ! 
'tis broad daylight yet. Whims. What 
then, you little DANDYPRAT? If we have 
a mind to a candle we will have a candle. 



Dang it. 



254 



Darby. 



1821. SCOTT, Kenihvorth, ch. xxvi. 
It is even so, my little DANDYPRAT, but 
who the devil could teach it thee. 

DANG IT ! pkr. (provincial). 
A euphemism for ' damn it ! ' 
Also DANG MY BUTTONS ! and 
DANG ME ! 

DANGLERS, subs, (thieves'). A 
bunch of seals. 

1859. MATSELL, Rogue s Lexicon, p. 
124. And where the swag, so bleakly 
pinched, A hundred stretches hence ? The 
thimbles, slang, and DANGLERS filched, 
A hundred stretches hence ? 

DAN TUCKER, subs. phr. (rhyming 
slang). Butter. For synonyms, 
see CART-GREASE. 

DARBIES, subs, (common). i. 
Handcuffs. [Origin uncertain. 
Father Derby's name (he is sup- 
posed to have been a noted 
usurer) was already proverbial in 
1576, but that is all now known 
of him.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Black- 
bracelets ; buckles ; Father derbie's 
bands ; ruffles ; wife ; snitchers ; 
clinkers ; government securities ; 
twisters; darbies and joans ( = 
fetters coupling two persons). 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Les 
alliances (popular = wedding 
rings) ; une bride (thieves' = a 
convicts' chain) ; le bouclage 
(thieves' : also = imprisonment) ; 
une cadenne (thieves' : applied 
to a neck-chain); un cabriolet 
(thieves' = a small rope or strap) ; 
une guirlande (a chain for two). 

ITALIAN SYNONYM. Trionfo 
(literally = triumph). 

SPANISH SYNONYM. Calceta 
(properly = understocking). 



1576. GASCOIGNE, Steel Glas, I., 787. 
To binde such babes in father DERBIE'S 
BANDS. 

1592. GREENE, Quip for an Upstart 
Courtier (Harl. Misc., V., 405). Then hath 
my broker an usurer at hand, as ill as 
himself, and he brings the money ; but they 
tie the poor soul in such DARBIES' BANDS 
[i.e., bonds], what with receiving ill com- 
modities [i.e., goods in lieu of cash], and 
forfeitures upon the bond, that they dub 
him 'Sir John had Land,' before they 
leave him ; and share, like wolves, the 
poor novice's wealth betwixt them as a 
prey. 

1602. CAREW, Survey of Cornwall, 
p. 15 (ed. 1769). [Speaking of the hard 
dealings and usurious tricks of the mar- 
chant Londoners in their dealings with the 
Cornish tinners of his day, this writer tells 
the wiles by which the poor wretches 
became bound ' in DARBYE'S BONDS.'] 

1676. Canting Song, ' A Warning for 
Housekeepers.' Rut when that we come 
to the Whitt, Our DARBIES to behold. 

1714. Memoirs of John Hall (4 ed.), 

p. 12, S.V. 

1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Me- 
morial to Congress, p. 77. Thus a new set 
of DARBIES, when first they are worn, 
Makes the jail-bird uneasy, though splen- 
did their ray. 

1836. MARRY AT, Jacket, ch. Ivii. We 
may as well put on the DARBIES, continued 
he, producing a pair of handcuffs. 

1890. Standard, 7 April, p. 6, col. 3. 
(Addressing the officer): Didn't you take 
me by the scruff of the neck, and hold me 
whilst others put the DARBIES on me ? 
I did not. 

2. (common). Sausages. 

Also BAGS OF MYSTERY and 
CHAMBERS OF HORRORS (.V.. 



DARBLE, subs. (old). The devil. 
[A corruption of French diable.~\ 

DARBY, subs. (old). Ready money. 
[One Derby is supposed to have 
been a noted sixteenth century 
usurer. See quots. under DAR- 
BIES, sense i.] For synonyms, 
see ACTUAL and GILT. 

1688. SHADWELL, Squire of Alsatia 
(list of cant words), s.v. 



Darby Allen. 



255 



Darkmans. 



c. 1712. R. ESTCOURT, Prunella, Act 
i., p. 4. Come nimbly lay down DARBY ; 
Come, pray sir, don't be tardy. 

1785. GROSK, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicuin, s.v. 

DARBY ALLEN, stilts, phr. (Lan- 
cashire). Cajolery ; ' chaff' ; 
' gammon. ' 

DARBY-ROLL, subs. (old). A gait 
peculiar to felons of long 
standing: the result of long 
shackles-wearing. Cf. , BAKER- 
KNEED. 

DARBY'S-DYKE, subs. (old). The 
grave ; also death. 

DARBY'S-FAIR, subs. (old). The 
day of removal from one prison 
to another for trial. 

DARD,SU&S. (old). The penis. For 
synonyms, see CREAMSTICK. 

DARK. To GET THE DARK, verbal 
phr. (prison). To be confined 
in the punishment cell. 

DARK CULL or CULLY, subs. (old). 
A married man with a secret 
mistress. [Grose, 1785.] 

DARK-HORSE or DARK'UN, subs. 
(turf). A horse whose pace is 
unknown to the backers ; figura- 
tively, a candidate about whom 
little is known. 

1831. DISRAELI, Young Duke, ch. v., 
p. 66 (ed. 1866). All the ten-to-oners were 
in the rear, and a DARK HORSE, 
which had never been thought of, and 
which the careless St. James had never 
even observed in the list, rushed past the 
grand stand in sweeping triumph. 

1853. Diogenes, vol. II., p. 271. 
Farewell ! oh, farewell to the lists On 
whose varying prices I've hung ; I care 
nought for the DARK-HORSE that lives 
Unknown, who shall put me all right. 

1884. HAWLEY SMART, Post to Finish, 
ch. i. He had beaten everything that was 



going to oppose him, with the exception 
of some two or three DARK COLTS, of 
which little was expected. 

DARK-HOUSE, subs. (old). A mad- 
house. Shakspeare (All's Well, 
etc., ii., 3) used it to denote the 
seat of gloom and discontent. 

DARKMANS, DARKS, DARKY, subs. 

(old). The night; also twilight. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat (1814), p. 84. 
Bene Lightmans to thy quarromes, in 
what lipken hast thou lypped in this 
DARKEMANS, whether in a lybbege or in 
the strummell ? 

1667. DEKKER, Lanthorne and 
Candlelight. ' Canting Rithmes.' Enough 
with bowsy Cove Maund Nace, Tour 
the Parting Coue in the DARKEMAN'S 
Case. 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet., s.v. 

1815. SCOTT, Guy Mannering, ch. 
xxviii. I think we should be down upon 
the fellow, one of these DARKMANS, and 
let him get it well. 

1857. Punch, 31 Jan. 'Dear Bill, 
this Stone Jug.' And at DARKMANS we 
run the rig just as we please. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Black- 
mans ; blind ; blindman's holi- 
day (twilight). 

FRENCH SYNONYM. Lasorgue, 
or some. 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Mitte- 
laile (midnight) ; Choschech, Chau- 
schech, or Koschech (from the 
Hebrew choschach = a moonless 
night) ; jEVvs/ (specifically the eve 
of a Sabbath or festival) ; Fichte 
(literally a fir-tree) ; Ratt (Gypsy) ; 
Schwdrze = (the black 'un) ; Zofon 
or Zofen (from Hebrew zophan = 
to hide). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Bruna 
or brunora (Fr. brune) ; materna 
(properly = the maternal. 

SPANISH SYNONYM. Sonia. 



Darkmaris Budge. 2 5 6 



Dash. 



PORTUGUESE SYNONYM. 
Zona. 

DARKMAN'S BUDGE, su&s. phr. (old). 
A housebreaker's confederate, 
who slips into a house during the 
day, hides there, and opens the 
door at night. [Grose, 1785.] 

DARKY, or DARKEY, subs. (old). 
I. A dark lantern ; a bull's eye. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum. Stow 
the DARKEE and bolt, the cove of the cub 
is fly. 

2. (old). The night ; the 
twilight. Also (nautical) DARKS. 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Life's Painter, 
p. 124. Bless your eyes and limbs, lay 
out a mag- with poor Chirruping Joe. I 
don't come here every DARKEY. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. III., p. 216. We 
could average our ' duey bionk peroon a 
DARKEY,' or two shillings each, in the 
night. 

1878. C. HINDLEY, Life and Times 
of Jas. Catnach. The cleanest angler on 
the pad in daylight or the DARKEY. 

3. (c o m m o n). A negro. 
[From his complexion.] For 
synonyms, see SNOWBALL. 

1840. DANA, Two Years before the 
Mast, ch. xvii. Tom Cringle says that no 
one can fathom a negro's affection for a 
pig ; and I believe he is right, for it 
almost broke our poor DARKY'S heart 
when he heard that Bess was to be taken 
ashore. 

1870. Negro Hymn. Walk in, 
DARKIES, troo de gate ; Hark, de kullered 
angels holler ; Go 'way, white fokes, ye're 
too late, We's de winnin' kuller ! Wait, 
Till de trumwet blow to foller ! 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, p. 
594. I wish de legislatur' would set dis 
DARKIE free, Oh ! what a happy place 
den de DARKIE land would be ; We'd 
have a DARKIE Parliament An' DARKIE 
codes of law, An' DARKIE judges on the 
bench, DARKIE barristers and aw 1 . 

DARN, DARNED, verbw&ppl. adj. 
(colloquial). Euphemistic forms 



of ( damn ' and ' damned ' ; used 
to avoid ' cussing bar'-foot. ' Also 

DARNATION,DANGNATION, DARN 
BURN IT, and DARN or DASH 

MY BUTTONS or WIG. See 
DADBINGED and OATHS for 
synonyms. 

c. 1840. West of England Ballad 
[quoted in Literary World, u Apr., 1890, 
p. 347, col. i]. But if he'd know'd he'd 
got so much money He DARNED HIS 
BUTTONS if he'd gi'ed'un the shillin'. 

1880. G. R. SIMS, Zeph and other 
Stories, p. 87. I shall bring you to your 
senses, Bess, now, my girl, and you won't 
be so DARNED fast refusin' a good offer. 

1888. Harpers Magazine. My 
experience has taught me that in Colorado 
the man who tells the first story has a 

DARNED poor show. 

DART, subs. (pugilistic). A 
straight-armed blow. 

D.A.'s, sttbs. (general). The men- 
strual flux. [An abbreviation of 

DOMESTIC AFFLICTIONS (q.V.) 

and for synonyms see FLAG -UP.] 

DASH, siibs. (old). I. A tavern 
waiter. 

2. (common). A small quan- 
tity ; a 'drink'; a 'GO' (q.v. 
for synonyms). Also a small 
quantity of one fluid to give a 
flavour to another, e.g., a lemon 
and a dash = a bottle of lemonade 
with just a suggestion of bitter 
beer in it. 

Verb (brewers'). I. To adul- 
terate. 

1871. Times, 4 April. 'Leader on 
Licensing Bill.' The brewers are careless 
of the characters of their tenants ; they 
compel them to take all their beer from 
themselves, and too often at such prices 
that they are driven to adulterate or DASH 
the liquor. 

2. Also DASH IT ! Or DASH 
MY BUTTONS, WIG, TIMBERS, etc., 
intj. phr. (common). Colloquial 



Dasher. 



257 



Davy. 



expletives ; also employed eu- 
phemistically = 'to damn.' See 
BUTTONS and OATHS. 

1819. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memorial 
to Congress, p. 46. Except light oaths, to 
grace his speeches, Like ' DASH MY WIG !' 
or ' burn my breeches ! ' , 

1839. HARRISON AINSWORTH, Jack 
Sheppard [1889], p. 22. You may try, but 
DASH MY TIMBERS if you'll ever cross the 
Thames to-night ! 

1842. Punch, vol. II., p. 20, col. 2. 
Yet henceforth DASH MY WIG ! I'll live 
with thee, with thee I'll hop the twig ! 

1849. C. KINGSLEY, Alton Locke, ch. 
iv. Gunpowder is your true leveller 
DASH physical strength ! A boy's a man 
with a musket in his hand, my chap ! 

1864. DICKENS, Our Mutual Fi tend, 
bk. IV., ch. iii. And if you hadn't come 
round to me to-night, DASH MY WIG if I 
wouldn't have come round to you to- 
morrow. 

]880. G. R. SIMS, Three Brass Balls, 
pledge ii. ' DASH IT ALL ! ' said the 
police-surgeon, ' that's two fatal cases I've 
had to-day.' 

CUT A DASH. See CUT. 

To HAVE A DASH ON, verbal 
phr. (turf). To speculate largely 
or wildly j ' to go it strong.' 

DASHER, subs. (old). i. A showy 
prostitute. (Cf., sense 2). 

1790. C. DIBDIN, Sea Songs, ' Old 
Cunwell the Pilot.' My Poll, once a 
DASHER, now turned to a nurse. 

2. (colloquial). An ostenta- 
tious or extravagant man or 
woman ; an impetuous person ; a 
' clipper ' ; also latterly, the 
word has shown progress towards 
literary English throughout a 
man or woman of fashion ; a 
person of brilliant qualities, men- 
tal or physical. Fr. , genreux-se ; 
une femme catapultetise (a fine 
woman, as also tine cocodete]. 
Spanish equivalents are damaza 
and sibila, while tiene garabato is 



said of women who * hook ' men 
by their manner and grace (gara- 
bato = a meat-hook). 

1843. DICKENS Martin Chuzzlewit, 
eh. xxix., p. 289. ' Why, you look smarter 
by day,' said Poll, ' than you do by candle- 
light. 1 never see such a tight young 
DASHER.' 

1856. Miss EDGEW9RTH, Almeria, 
p. 292. She was astonished to find in 
high life a degree of vulgarity of which 
her country companions would have been 
ashamed : but all such things in high life 
go under the general term dashing. These 
young ladies were DASHERS. 

DAUB, subs, (common). I. An 
artist. Verb. See DAWB. 

2. A bad picture. 

DAVID, subs, (common). I. See 
DAVY, sense i. 

2. (American). A torpedo. 
1872. Morning Advertiser, 3 April. 

DAVID JONES or DAVID JONES'S 
LOCKER. See under DAVY. 

DAVID'S Sow. DRUNK AS DAVID'S, 
or DAVY'S, sow, adv. phr. (old). 
Beastly drunk. [For a some- 
what far-fetched derivation, see 
GROSE'S Diet. Vulg. Tongue.'} 

c. 1720. GAY, New Song of Neiv 
Similes. Though as DRUNK AS DAVID s 
sow. 

1733. BAILEY, Erasmus, p. 127. 
When he comes home, after I have been 
waiting for him till I do not know what 
time at night, as DRUNK AS DAVID'S sow, 
he does nothing but lie snoring all night 
long by my side. 

1836. MARRY AT, Midshipman Easy, 
ch. xiv. Fellows who have no respect for 
the articles of war, and who get as DRUNK 
AS DAVID'S sow. 

DAVY, subs, (colloquial). i. An 
affidavit. Synonymous, by im- 
plication, with 'God, 3 in SO 

HELP, Or S'WELP ME DAVY, or 

17 



Davy. 



258 



Daylight. 



ALFRED DAVY (q.v.). Fr., Je 
fen fous mon billet or mon 
petit turlututu = I'll lake my 
DAVY on it. 

1764, O'HARA, Midas, II., iv. And 
I with my DAVY will back it, I'll swear. 

1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, i 
S., ch. xxii. ' I'll take my DAVY,' says 
the captain, ' it's some Yankee trick.' 

1842. Punch, vol. III., p. 136. Tell 
me on thy DAVY ; whether thou dost 
dear thy Colin hold. 

1884. Daily Telegraph, 4 Sept., p. 2, 
col. 2. You may take your DAVY I didn't 
care anything about that. 

2. (nautical). Also OLD DAVY 
and DAVY JONES (q.v.}. 

DAVY JONES, DAVY, or OLD 
DAVY, subs. phr. (nautical). The 
spirit of the sea ; specifically 
the sailors' devil. [For sug- 
gested derivation, see DAVY 
JONES'S LOCKER, and for syno- 
nyms, SKIPPER.] 

1751. SMOLLETT, Peregrine Pickle, 
ch. xiii. This same DAVY JONES, accord- 
ing to the mythology of sailors, is the 
fiend that presides over all the evil spirits 
of the deep. 

1790. C. DIBDIN, Sea Songs. And 
if to OLD DAVY I should go, friend Poll, 
Why you will ne'er hear of me more. 

c. 1800. C. DIBDIN, The Birthday, 
Act I., Sc. 2. June. When your back's 
turn'd she's for ... sending you in a gale 
to OLD DAVY. 

DAVY JONES' (or DAVY'S) 
LOCKER, subs. phr. (nautical). 
The ocean ; specifically, the grave 
of them that perish at sea. The 
popular derivation ( = a corrup- 
tion of 'Jonah's locker,' i.e., the 
place where Jonah was kept and 
confined, and by implication the 
grave of all gone to the bottom, 
drowned or dead) is conjectural. 
The following, however, may be 
an additional link in the chain of 
evidence. 



1628. BISHOP ANDREWES, Ninety- 
six Sermons, p. 515 (fol.) Of any, that 
hath beene in extreme perill, we use to 
say : he hath beene where lonas was ; by 
lona's going downe the Whales throat, by 
Him againe comming forth of the Whales 
mouth, we expresse, we even point out, the 
greatest extremity, and the greatest 
deliverence that can be. 

[Cf., quots. under DAVY 
JONES.] 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

1836. MARRYAT, Midshipman Easy, 
ch. xxvii. By de holy poker, Massa 
Easy, but that terrible sort of gale the 
other day, anyhow. I tink one time we 
all go to DAVY JONES'S LOCKER. 

1842. Comic Almanack, p. 324. 
There is no reason right why Jones's kid 
Should be consign'd to DAVY JONES'S 

LOCKER. 

1851. Notes and Queries, i S., Hi., 
p. 478. If a sailor is killed in a sea-skir- 
mish, or falls overboard and is drowned, or 
any other fatality occurs which necessitates 
the consignment of his remains to the 
4 great deep,' his surviving messmates 
speak of him as one who has been sent to 
DAVY JONES' LOCKER. 

DAVY PUTTING ON THE COP- 
PERS FOR THE PARSONS, phr. 
(nautical). The indications of a 
coming storm. 

DAVY JONES' NATURAL CHILD- 
REN, subs. phr. (nautical). 
Smugglers ; sea-rovers ; pirates. 

DAVY'S DUST ', subs . phr. (common). 
Gunpowder. [DAVY (q.v.) = 
the devil.] 

1864. G. W. REYNOLDS, Pickwick 
Abroad, ch. xxvi. Let DAVY'S DUST and 
a well-faked claw, For fancy coves be the 
only law. 

DAWB or DAUB, verb (old). To 
bribe. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. The cull was scragged because he 
could not DAWB. 

DAYLIGHT, subs. (University). 
A glass that is not a bumper ; 
also SKYLIGHT (q.v.). Obsolete, 



Daylights. 



259 



Deacon. 



To BURN DAYLIGHT, verbal 
phr. (colloquial). To use artifi- 
cial light before it is really dark ; 
to waste time. 

1595. SHAKSPEARE, Romeo and 
Juliet, Act i., 4. Mercutio. Come, we 

BURN DAYLIGHT. 

TO LET or KNOCK DAYLIGHT 
INTO ONE, INTO THE VICTUAL- 
LING DEPARTMENT, Or INTO THE 
LUNCHEON RESERVOIR,/^. (com- 
mon). To stab in the stomach 
(or breadbasket) ; in the bread- 
room, potato-store, or giblet-pie, 
etc., and by implication to kill. 
Fr., bayafer. For synonyms, see 
COOK ONE'S GOOSE. 

1841. P^^nch, vol. I., p. 101, col. 2. 
A gentleman in a blue uniform has thrown 
himself into an attitude a la Crib, with 
the facetious intention of LETTING DAY- 

LIGHT INTO THE WITTLING DEPARTMENT. 

DAYLIGHTS, subs, (common). i. 
The eyes. Cf., quots. under 
DARKEN THE DAYLIGHTS. For 
synonyms, see GLIMS. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vul. Tongue, s.v. 

1823. BEE, SI. Diet, [quoted in]. 
The hero (Achilles) in his tent they 
found, His DAY-LIGHTS fixed upon the 
cold, cold ground. 

2. (general). The space in a 
glass between liquor and brim : 
inadmissible in bumpers at toasts : 
the toast-master cries * no DAY- 
LIGHTS nor heeltaps ! ' 

TO DARKEN ONE'S DAYLIGHTS, 
verbal phr. (pugilistic). I. To 
give a black-eye j ' to sew up one's 
sees.' 

1752. FIELDING, Amelia, bk I., 
ch.. x. If the lady says such another 
word to me, d n me, I will DARKEN HER 

DAYLIGHTS. 

1786. The Microcosm, No. 2. The 
nobility and gentry were taught theo- 
retically as well as practically, to bruise 
the bodies, and (to use a technical term) 

DARKEN THE DAYLIGHTS of each Other, 



with the vigour of a Hercules, tempered 
with the grace of an Apollo. 

1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Me- 
morial, p. 3. If the Fine Arts Of Jibbing 
and boring be dear to your hearts ; If to 
level, to punish, to ruffian mankind, And 

tO DARKEN THEIR DAYLIGHTS, be plea- 

sures refin'd. 

1822. DAVID CAREY, Life in Paris, 
p. 200. So here's at DARKENING HIS 
DAYLIGHTS for the advantage of his 
mummer. 

DEACON, verb (American). To 
pack fruit, vegetables, etc., the 
finest on the top. [Either derived 
by inversion, or in allusion to the 
Yankee proverb ' All deacons 
are good, but there is odds in 
deacons.'] 

- 1868. Miss ALCOTT, Little Women, 
ch. xi. The blanc-mange was lumpy, and 
the strawberries not as ripe as they looked, 
having been skilfully DEACONED. 

To DEACON A CALF, verbal phr. 
(American). To kill. 

To DEACON LAND, verbal phr. 
(American). To filch land by 
removing one's fences into the 
highway or other common pro- 
perty. 

To DEACON OFF, verbal phr. 
(American). To give the cue; 
to lead in debate. [From a cus- 
tom, once universal but now 
almost extinct, in the New Eng- 
land Congregational churches. 
An important function of the 
deacon's office was to read aloud 
the hymns given out by the 
minister one line at a time, the 
congregation singing each line as 
soon as read. This was called 
DEACONING OFF.] 

1848. J. R. LOWELL, Biglow Papers. 
To funk right out o' p'lit'cal strife ain't 
thought to be the thing, Without you 
DEACON OFF the tune you want your folks 
should sing. 

]890. H. D. TRAILL, Saturday Songs, 
p. 7. We grieve, too, that of all men you 



Deacon- Seat. 



260 



Dead. 



Your own great Unron's stout defender 
Should DEACON OFF the craven crew, Who 
here are clamouring for surrender. 

DEACON -SEAT, subs. (American 
lumberers'). In log cabins the 
sleeping apartment is partitioned 
oft" by poles. The bed is mother 
earth, the pillow is a log, the 
foot-board a long pole six feet 
from the fire and in the centre of 
the cabin. The DEACON SEAT is 
a plank fixed over and running 
parallel with the footboard so 
as to form a kind of settee 
in front of the fire. [Probably in 
allusion to the seats round a 
pulpit, facing the congregation, 
reserved for deacons.] 

DEACON'S HIDING PLUCK, subs. phr. 
(American). A private compart- 
ment in oyster saloons and cafes ; 
the Fr. cabinet particulier. 

DEAD, sztbs. (turf). An abbrevia- 
tion of ' dead certainty.' See 
CERT. 

1889. Bailey's Magazine [quoted in 
S.J. & C.}. 'Dealers in the DEAD' did 
well then. 

Adj. (various). Stagnant ; 
' quiet ' (of trade) ; ' flat ' (as of 
beer or aerated waters after ex- 
posure) ; cold (Am., see quot., 
1888); good; thorough; com- 
plete (C/., subs., sense). Also as 
an adv. as in DEAD BEAT, DEAD 

BEST, DEAD DRUNK, DEAD 

ROLLED (or FLUMMOXED), DEAD 

NUTS, DEAD BITCHED, etc. 

1602. SHAKSPEARE, Othello, ii., 2. 
Why, he drinks you, with facility, your 
Dane DEAD-DRUNK. 

1819. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memorial 
to Congress, p. 36. As DEAD hands at a 
mill as they, and quite as ready after it. 

1843. DICKENS, Martin Chuzzleivit, 
ch. xvii., p. 187. ' I wish you would pull 
off my boots for me,' said Martin, dropping 
into one. of the chairs, ' I am quite knocked 
up. DEAD BEAT, Mark.' 

1845. Punch, vol. IX., p. 163. The 
general opinion is that the Premier is DEAD 
BEAT. 



1860. Punch, vol. XXXIX., p. 37. 
A DEAD take-in is swipes too thin. 

1864. Punch. Veal is as DEAD as 
mutton. 

1872. Derby Mercury, i May. ' Free- 
masonry in New Zealand.' He v/as not 
dead, but only DEAD DRUNK. 

_ 1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. vii. So surely do I intend to 
try my DEAD BEST all that I know to 
win Florence's love and possess her as a 
wife. 

1888. Puck's Library, May, p. 27. 
Hungry Guest. Please bring me some 
clam fritters. Count (in disguise). Live 
'r DEAD? Hungry Guest. Why, DEAD, of 
course ! (And he got them stone-cold.) 

DEAD AS A DOOR - NAIL, 
MUTTON, A HERRING, A TENT- 
PEG, JULIUS CESAR, etc., adv. 
phr. (common). Utterly, com- 
pletely dead. DEAD AS A DOOR- 
NAIL is found in Langland's Piers 
Plowman [1362] ; all other forms 
are modern. [The door-nail is 
the striking-plate of the knocker. 
Herrings die sooner after capture 
than most fish.] 

1593. G. HARVEY, Pierces Super., 
in wks. II., 71. If you will needes strike 

it as DEAD AS A DORE NAJLE. 

1596. NASHE, Saffron Walden, in 
wks. III., 182. Wee'l strike it as DEAD AS 

A DOORE-NAILE. 

1598. SHAKSPEARE, //. King Henry 
IV., iii. Falstaff. What ! is the old king 

DEAD ? Pistol. AS NAIL IN DOOR. 

1608. ARMIN, Nest of Ninnies. But 
now the thought of the new come foole so 
much moved him, that he was as DEAD AS 
A DOORE-NAYLE, standing on tip-toe, 
looking toward the door to behold arivall. 

1700. FARQUHAR, Constant Couple, 
Act iv., Sc. i. He's as DEAD AS A DOOR- 
NAIL ; for I gave him seven knocks on the 
head with a hammer. 

1790. RHODES, Bombastes Furioso, 
Ay, DEAD AS HERRINGS herrings that are 
red. 

1843. C. DICKENS, Christmas Carol, 



1864. D. W. THOMPSON, Daydreams 
of a Schoolmaster, p. 230. The boat of 
Aharon will push a difficult furrow through 



Dead Against. 



261 



Dead Broke. 



innumerable bodies, brick-bat laden, of 
purr-less, soul -less DEAD - AS -DOOR -NAIL 
cats. Poor pussies. 

1878. BESANT AND RICE, By Celta's 
Arbour, ch. xlviii. Quite dead he was, 

DEAD AS A DOOR-NAIL. 

IN DEAD EARNEST, adv. phr. 
(colloquial). Without doubt ; in 
very truth. 

1880. E. BELLAMY, Dr. Heidenhoffs 
Process, p. 11. I am sure that you never 
had a more sincere, more DEAD-IN -EARN EST 
convert than I was. 

DEAD AGAINST, adv. phr. (collo- 
quial). Decidedly opposed to. 

1835. HALI BURTON, Clockmaker, 
i S., ch. vii. You know I was always 
DEAD AGIN your tariff bill. 

DEAD-ALIVE or DEAD-AND-ALIVE, 

adj. (colloquial). Dull ; stupid ; 
mopish ; formerly deadly-lively. 

1884. H. D. TRAILL, in Eng. III. 
Mag., I., 541. The city has greatly 
revived of late ... it has ceased to 
belong to the category of the DEAD-ALIVE, 
and has entered that of the lively. 

DEAD-AMISS, adv. phr. (turf). 
Incapacitated through illness from 
competing in a race ; said of 
horses. 

DEAD-BEAT, suds. (American). i. 
A sponger ; loafer ; sharper. Cf., 
DEAD-HEAD and BEAT, subs., 
sense i. 

1865. Glasgow Herald, 25 Dec. 
' Trial Swanborough v. Sotheran.' I re- 
turned the whole of the receipts, ani about 
4 i6s. for DEAD BEATS free admissions 
who took advantage of the occasion and 
got paid which caused great discontent. 

1884. S.L.CLEMENS ('Mark Twain'), 
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, p. 
284. These uncles of your'n ain't no 
uncles at all ; they're a couple of frauds- 
regular DEAD-BEATS. 

1888. Bulletin, 24 Nov. All the 
DEAD-BEATS and suspected hen-snatchers 
plead when before the Bench that they 
were 'only mouching round to find out 
whether the family neglected its religious 
clooties, yer washup. 



2. (American). A pick-me- 
up compounded of ginger, soda, 
and whiskey. 

Verb (American). To sponge ; 
loaf; cheat. Cf., BEAT, verb, 
and DEAD-HEAD. 

1880. Boston Journal. No party 
can DEAD-BEAT his way on me these hard 
times. 

^'.Exhausted; e.g., Billy 
romped in as ' fresh as paint, 
but the rest were DEAD-BEAT. 

1821. P. EGAN, Tom and Jerry 
[ed. 1890], p. 34. Logic was at length not 
only so DEAD-BEAT, as to be compelled to 
cry for quarter, but to seek a temporary 
retirement, in order to renovate his 
constitution. 

DEAD BROKE, adv. phr. (general). 
Utterly penniless ; ruined. Also 
FLAT or STONE BROKE; used 
verbally, to DEAD-BREAK. 

1866. Cincinnatti Enquirer, i June. 
When he left the gambling-house, he was 
observed to turn toward a friend with the 
words, DEAD-BROKE ! and then to disap- 
pear round the corner. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Wound 
up ; settled ; coopered ; smashed 
up ; under a cloud ; cleaned out ; 
cracked up ; done up ; on one's 
back ; floored ; on one's beam 
ends ; gone to pot ; broken- 
backed ; all U. P. ; in the 
wrong box ; stumped ; feathered ; 
squeezed ; dry ; gutted ; burnt 
one's fingers ; dished ; in a bad 
way ; gone up ; gone by the 
board; made mince meat of; 
broziered ; willowed ; not to have 
a feather to fly with; burst; 
fleeced ; stony ; pebble-beached ; 
in Queer Street ; stripped ; 
rooked; hard up ; broke ; hooped- 
up ; strapped ; gruelled. 

FRENCH -SYNONYMS. Etifonce 
familiar : also - done brown) ; 



Dead- Car go. 



262 



Dead Heat. 



centrt (popular) ; desosse (popu- 
lar : properly = boned) ; eren& 
(popular) ; atige (thieves') ; panne 
( = in Queer Street); see also BEAT. 

ITALIAN SYNONYM. Ferrarc 
(to be ruined ; also = to spoil or 
corrupt). 

DEAD-CARGO, subs, (thieves'). 
Booty of a disappointing char- 
acter. 

DEAD CERTAINTY, subs. phr. (collo- 
quial). That which is sure to 
occur ; usually contracted to DEAD 
or CERT, both of which see. 

18(?). AYTOUN. The Dreepdaily 
Burghs, p. 4. Everybody is realising ; 
the banks won't discount ; and when your 
bills become due, they will be, to a 

DEAD CERTAINTY, protested. 

DEAD CUT. See Cut. 

DEAD DUCK, subs. phr. (American). 
That which has depreciated 
to the verge of worthlessness. 

18K8. New York Clipper, Long 
Branch is said to be a DEAD DUCK. But 
for the investments made at Elberon the 
Branch proper would probably have been 
abandoned long ago. 

DEADER, subs, (military). i. A fu- 
neral ; a BLACK-JOB (q.V.). 

2. (common). A corpse. 

DEAD FROST, subs, (theatrical). 
A fiasco; a COLUMBUS (q.v.}. 
Fr. , nit four noir. 

DEAD - GIVE - AWAY. See GIVE 

DEAD- AWAY. 

DEAD GONE, adv. phr. (colloquial). 
Utterly collapsed. 

DEAD-HEAD, DEAD-BEAT or DEAD- 
HAND, subs. (American). One 



who obtains something of com- 
mercial value without special pay- 
ment or charge ; a person who 
travels by rail, visits theatres, 
etc., by means of free passes 
(cf. t PAPER) ; a SPONGE (q.v.). 
Also a loafing sharper. See BEAT 
and DEAD-BEAT. 

1861. Morning Post, ' New York 
Correspondence." The editor had evi- 
dently been travelling as a DEAD-HAND, as 
it is called, and paid his bill by a laudatory 
notice. 

1871. DE VERE, Americanisms. 
The DEAD-HEAD receives his newspapers 
without subscribing, travels free of charge 
on steamboat, railroad, and stage, walks 
into theatres and shows of every kind 
unmolested, and even drinks at the bar and 
lives at the hotel without charge. 

1883. Daily Telegraph. 21 May, p. 3, 
col. i. 'Lucia di Lammermoor' is stale 
enough to warrant the most confirmed 
DEADHEAD in declining to help make a 
house. 

Also TO DEAD-HEAD, DEAD- 
HEADISM, etc. 

1871. New York Tribune, March. 
Elder Knapp, the noted revivalist, 
advertised that he would furnish a free 
pass to glory, but very few of the un- 
righteous population seemed anxious to be 
DEAD-HEADED on this train. 

1888. Portland Transcript, 14 March. 
Unless we count those which had to do 
with the stage business and went DEAD- 
HEAD. 

DEAD-HEAT, subs, (colloquial). A 
race with an equal finish. Form- 
erly DEAD. 

1635. QUARLES, Emblems, Epig. 10. 
Mammon well follow'd, Cupid bravely led; 
Both touchers ; equal fortune makes a 
DEAD ; No reed can measure where the 
conquest lies; Take my advice; compound, 
and share the prize. 

1828-45. T. HOOD, Poems, vol. I., 
p. 170 (ed. 1846). Away ! Away ! she 
could ride a DEAD HEAT With the Dead 
who rides so fast and fleet. 

1884. ///. London News, 18 Oct., p. 
362, col. 3. St. Gatien, the horse that ran 
a DEAD-HEAT for the Derby. 



Dead- Horse. 



263 



Dead Man. 



DEAD-HORSE, subs, (common). 
i. Work, the wages for which 
have been paid in advance ; by 
implication, distasteful, or thank- 
less labor. Fr., la bijouterie. To 

PULL THE DEAD HORSE = to 

work for wages already paid. 
[Seamen, onsigningarticles, some- 
times get pay in advance, and they 
celebrate the term of the period 
thus paid for by dragging a 
canvas horse, stuffed with straw, 
round the deck and dropping 
him into the sea amidst cheers.] 
Fr. , manger du sale (to eat salt 
pork.) 

1651. CARTXV RIGHT, Sledge. Ply. 
Now you'l wish I know, you ne'r might 
wear Foul linnen more, never be lowzy 
agen, Nor ly perdue with the fat sutler's 
wife In the provoking vertue of DEAD 
HORSE, Your dear delights, and rare camp 
pleasures. 

1669. Nicker Nicked, in Harl. Misc. 
(ed. Park), ii., no. Sir Humphry Foster 
had lost the greatest part of his estate, and 
then (playing, as it is said, for a DEAD 
HORSE) did, by happy fortune, recover it 
again. 

1824. T. FIELDING, Proverbs, etc. 
(Familiar Phrases), p. 148, s.v. 

1857. Notes and Queries, 2 S., iv., p. 
192. A workman ' horses ' it when he 
charges for more in his week's work than 
he has really done. Of course he has so 
much unprofitable work to get through in 
the ensuing week, which is called DEAD 

HORSE. 

2. (West Indian). A shooting 
star. Among Jamaican negroes 
the spirits of horses that have 
fallen over precipices are thought 
to re-appear in this form. 

TO FLOG THE DEAD HORSE, 

verb. phr. (common). To work 
to no purpose ; to dissipate one's 
energy in vain; to make 'much 
ado about nothing.' 

1872. Globe, i Aug. ' In the House,' 
For full twenty minutes by the clock the 
Premier . . . might be said to have rehearsed 
that particularly lively operation known as 

FLOGGING A DEAD HORSE. 



DEAD-LETTER, subs, (colloquial). 
Anything that has lost its force or 
authority by lapse of time or other 
causes. 

1755. FIELDING, Voyage^ to Lisbon, 
p. 145. And to enact laws without doing 
this, is to fill our statute-books, much too 
full already, still fuller with DEAD LETTER, 
of no use but to the printer of the Acts of 
Parliament. 

1859. SALA, Gaslight and f Da ''light, 
ch. xxi. The Metropolitan Buildings' Act 
is a DEAD LETTER in Tattyboys Rents, 
for nobody ever thinks of building. 

1861. Chambers Encyclopeedia, s.v. 
Bunkum. Many laws, agitated for by 
popular factions, remain a DEAD LETTER, 
unless they happen to be enforced by clubs 
organized for the purpose. 

DEADLIGHTS, subs, (nautical). 
The eyes. For synonyms, see 
GLIMS. 

DEAD LURK, subs, (thieves'). See 
quot. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. i., p. 403. The 
DEAD LURK, for instance, is the expressive 
slang phrase for the art of entering 
dwelling-houses during divine service. 

DEADLY, adv. (colloquial). Very; 
extremely ; excessively. In AR- 
BUTHNOT : ' So DEADLY cunning 
a man.' 

DEADLY LIVELY, adv. phr. (com- 
mon). Jovial against the grain 
and to no purpose. 

DEADLY N EVERGREEN, subs. phr. 
(old). The gallows. Also known 

as THE LEAFLESS TREE and THE 
TREE THAT BEARS FRUIT ALL 

THE YEAR ROUND. For syno- 
nyms, see NUBBING CHEAT. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue 
s.v. 

DEAD MAN, subs. phr. (common). 
I. An empty bottle : said alsc 
to bear Moll Thompson's mark 
(i.e. M.T.= empty). 



Dead Man. 



264 Dead Men's Shoes. 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Camp- 
candlestick ; fellow-commoner ; 
corpse ; dummy ; dead marine ; 
dead recruit ; dead 'un. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Une 
filhtte ( = a half-bottle) ; un corps 
mort (popular : literally, a corpse ; 
tine negresse morte (popular: a 
reference to color as well as 
condition). 

1738. SWIFT, Polite Convert., Dial. 
2. Ld, S. Come, John, bring us a fresh 
bottle. Col. Ay, my lord ; and pray, let 
him carry off the DEAD MEN. as we say in 
the army [meaning the empty bottles\. 

1825. The English Spy, vol I., p. 
152. On the right was the sleeping room 
and at the foot of a neat French bed, I 
could perceive the wine bin, surrounded 
by a regiment of DEAD MEN (empty 
bottles). 

1853. REV. E. BRADLEY ('Cuthbert 
Bede'), Verdant Green, pt. I., p. 59. 
Talk of the pleasures of the dead 
languages, indeed ! why, how many 
jolly nights have you, and J. Larkyns 
passed ' down among the DEAD MEN.' 

1871. London Figaro, 15 April. We 
knew that, in practical use, imperials were 
inconvenient and wasteful ; and that, 
moreover, it was far from easy to dispose 
of their corpses when they became DEAD 

MEN. 

1879. sBRADDON, Vixen, ch. viii. 

And added more DEAD MEN to the formid- 
able corps of tall hock bottles, which the 
astonished butler ranged rank and file in a 
obby outside the dining room. 

1888. E. ZOLA. ' Translation of L'A s- 
sommoir, ch. vii., p. 208. In a corner of 
the shop, the heap of DEAD MEN increased, 
a cemetery of bottles. 

2. (bakers'). A loaf, over- 
charged, or marked down though 
not delivered. In London, DEAD 
'UN is a popular term for a half- 
quartern loaf. Also, by impli- 
cation, a baker. 

1819. T. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memo- 
rial, p. 16. DEAD MEN are bakers, so 
called from the loaves falsely charged to 
their master's customers. 

3 (tailors'). In pi. Misfits ; 
hence, a scarecrow. 



DEADMAN'S LURK, subs. phr. 
(thieves'). Extortion of money 
from the relatives of deceased 
persons. [LuRK = a sham, swin- 
dle, or imposition of any kind.] 

DEAD MARINE. See DEAD MAN. 

DEAD-MEAT, subs, (common). A 
corpse. [By comparison to 
butchers' wares.] Cf., COLD MEAT. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Cold 
meat ; pickles (medical students' : 
for specimens direct from the 
subject) ; croaker ; stiff ; stiff 'un ; 
dustman ; cold pig. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un 
engourdi (thieves' : properly, 
torpid, heavy, dull); une falourde 
engourdie (popular : falourde = a 
heavy piece of firewood) ; un 
degele (pop : degel = death); un 
rebouis (thieves' : one who has 
been ' polished off ') ; un refroidi 
(thieves' : refroidir = to cool, to 
chill ; in cant, to kill) ; les con- 
serves (popular : literally, pre- 
serves;^, 'pickles': specifically 
used of murdered bodies recovered 
from the water). 

DEAD - MEAT TRAIN. See 
COLD-MEAT TRAIN. 

DEAD MEN'S SHOES, subs. phr. 
(common). A situation, property, 
or possession formerly occupied 
or enjoyed by a person who is 
dead and buried. WAITING FOR 
DEAD MEN'S SHOES = looking for- 
ward to inheritances. 

b. 1584, d. 1660. PHINEAS FLETCHER, 
Poems, p. 256. And 'tis a general shrift, 
that most men use, But yet 'tis tedious 
waiting DEAD MEN'S SHOES. 

1758. A. MURPHY, The Upholsterer, 
Act i. I grant ye, ma'am, you have very 
good pretensions ; but then it's waiting 
for DEAD MEN'S SHOES. 



Dead-nap. 



265 



Dead-tin. 






1764. WILKES [in P. FITZGERALD'S 
Life of] (1888), vol. I., p. 244. As they 
have no other relation but Miss Wilkes, I 
therefore suppose they will leave everything 
to her, independent of me. Yet this is, after 
all, waiting for DEAD MEN'S SHOES. 

1878. C. H. WALL, tr. Moliere II., 
218. Death is not always ready to indulge 
the heir's wishes and prayers, and we may 
starve while waiting for DEAD MEN'S 
SHOES. 

DEAD-NAP, sttbs. (provincial). A 
thorough-going rogue. 

DEAD-NIP, subs, (provincial). A 
plan or scheme of little import- 
ance which has turned out a 
failure. 

DEAD-OH, adv. (naval). In the 
last stage of intoxication. For 
synonyms, see DRINKS and cf., 
SCREWED. 

DEAD ON, or DEAD NUTS ON, adv. 
phr. (common). Originally, hav- 
ing some cause of complaint or 
quarrel ; also, very fond of ; hav- 
ing complete mastery over ; sure 
hand at. Cf., DEATH ON, 
DERRY ON and DOWN ON, all 
of which are variants. See 
also NUTS ON, an older form. 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iv., p. 288. Davies was DEAD NUTS 
upon cutting men's hair. The whole 
evening long was he calling men out to be 
operated upon. 

DEAD-SET, subs, (colloquial). A 
pointed and persistent effort or 
attempt. 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
I., 196. He then gave me what I term 
the DEAD SET with his eye. 

1877. Five Years Penal Servitude, 
ch. Hi., p. 145. He was made a DEAD 
SET at by some other prisoners, who 
schooled him for a career of vice and 
crime. 

1889. Globe, 2 Nov., p. 6, col. 2. 
Certain persons of the ' thoughtful ' kind, 
says Rod and Gun, are making a DEAD 
SET against the field sports of Britain. 



DEAD Sow's EYE, subs. phr. 
(tailors'). A badly worked 
button-hole. 

DEAD STUCK, adv. phr. (theatrical). 
Said of actors who break down 
in the midst of a performance 
through sudden lapse of memory. 

DEAD SWAG, subs, (thieves'). 
* Dead stock ' or DEAD CARGO 
(.) plunder that cannot be 
disposed of. [SwAG = booty.] 

DEAD TO RIGHTS, adv. phr. (com- 
mon). Certain ; without doubt. 
An amplification of To RIGHTS 
fr.** 

1888. Cincinnatti Weekly Gazette, 
22 Feb. Hill claims he has the thing 
down DEAD TO RIGHTS, and that he will 
make the farmers sweat who have been as- 
serting that his claim was ' N.G.' 

DEAD-'UN, subs, (thieves'). i. An 
uninhabited house. The cracks- 
man who confines his attentions 
to ' busting ' of this kind is, in Fr., 
tin nourrissettr. 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
Mag., xl., 505. Me and the screwsman 
went to Gravesend, and I found a DEAD 
'UN (uninhabited house). 

2. (common). A half-quartern 

loaf. Cf., DEAD MAN, sense 2. 

3. (turf). A horse destined to 
be scratched or not intended to 
win, and against which odds may 
be safely laid ; a SAFE 'UN (q.v.). 

1864. Bailey s Magazine, June. These 
alfresco speculators have their DEAD 'UNS, 
and carry ' milking pails,' like their more 
civilised brethren, privileged with the 
entree to the clubs and the Corner. 

1868. London Review, n July, p. 
38, col. 2. The stable and owners might 
safely lay against what was technically a 
DEAD 'UN from the first. 

1880. HAWLEY SMART, Social Sin- 
nets, ch. v. " Lord, what DEAD 'UNS he 
did back, to be sure ! 



Dead Unit for. 266 



Death. 



4. (common). An empty 
bottle. For synonyms, see DEAD 

MAN. 

1889. Bird o Freedom, 7 Aug., p. 3. 
We submitted, and with her help were soon 
surrounded with a formidable array of 
DEAD 'UNS. 

5. (theatrical). An unpaid 
super. 

DEAD UNIT FOR [or AGAINST], adv. 
phr. (colloquial). Collective ad- 
vocacy of (or opposition to) a 
subject, principle, or line of 
action. Cf., TO GO THE WHOLE 
HOG. 

1888. The Solid Muldoon (Ouray, 
Colorado), The Eastern Press is a DEAD 
UNIT against the passage of the Postal 
Telegraph Bill. 

DEAD-WOOD EARNEST, adv. phi. 
(America n). Quite earnest ; 
'dead on.' Cf., IN DEAD 

EARNEST. 

1876. S. L. CLEMENS (' Mark Twain '), 
Tom Sawyer. No ! oh, good licks, are 
you in real DEAD-WOOD EARNEST ? 

DEAD WRONG 'UN. See WRONG 

'UN. 

DEADY (modern American, DEAD- 
EYE), subs. (old). Gin ; a special 
brand of full proof spirit, also 
known as STARK-NAKED (q.v.}. 
[From Deady, a well-known gin- 
spinner.] For synonyms, see 
DRINKS. 

1819. T.MOORE, Tom Crib" s Memorial 
to Congress, p. 35. As we'd been sum- 
mon'd thus, to quaff our DEADY o'er some 
state affairs. 

1834. SOUTHEY, The Doctor* inter- 
chapter xvi. Some of the whole-hoggery 
in the House of Commons he would desig- 
nate by DEADY, or Wet and Heavy ; some 
by Weak Tea, others by Blue-Ruin. 

DEAL. THERE'S A DEAL OF GLASS 
ABOUT, phr. (common). Said of 
men and things ; used as a com-? 
pliment = showy, ' its the thing.' 



To WET THE DEAL, verb. phr. 
(common). To ratify a bargain 
by drinking ; to ' shake.' 

1876. C. HINDLEY, Life and Adven- 
tures of a Cheap Jack, p. 268. I shall be 
back again shortly, when we will WET 

THE DEAL. 

To DO A DEAL, verb. phr. 
(common). To conclude a bar- 
gain. 

DEAL-SUIT, subs, (common). A 
coffin ; especially one supplied by 
the parish. [In allusion to the 
wood of which cheap coffins are 
made.] For synonyms, see ETER- 
NITY Box. 

DEAN, subs. (Winchester College). 
A small piece of wood bound 
round a BILL-BRIGHTER (</.v.); 
that securing a fagot is called a 
BISHOP. 

DEANER, subs, (thieves'). A shil- 
ling. [Origin uncertain ; possibly 
related to Latin denarius. In 
the 1 6th and iyth centuries, 
denier = a coin vide Nashe, 
Shakspeare, Johnson, etc. Others 
trace it to (a) the Cornish dinair ; 
(b) Yiddish dinoh, a coin ; (c) 
Gypsy deanee, a pound; (d] Lingua 
Franca dinarly.] For synonyms, 
see BLOW. 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 
3rd ed., p. 444. Shilling, DEANER, also 
twelver. 

1864. Times, 12 October, p. n, col. 6. 
One woman said where's the DEANER ? 

1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. Mag., 
xl., 501. I had been down three or four 
days running, and could not buy anything 
to earn a DEANER (shilling) out of. 

DEAREST MEMBER. 



DEATH. To BE DEATH ON, verb. 
phr. (common). Very fond of, 
or thoroughly master of a meta- 
phor of completeness ; the same 



Death- Hu nter. 



267 



Deep. 



as DEAD ON, A MARK ON, Or SOME 
PUMPKINS ON. Cf., NUTS ON. 
[Literally to prosecute or pursue 
any course of action to the death.] 

TO DRESS TO DEATH (col- 

loquial). To attire oneself in the 
very extreme of fashion. In 
America TO DRESS WITHIN AN 

INCH OF ONE'S LIFE ; TO DRESS 

UP DRUNK and TO DRESS TO 
KILL. An old Cornish proverb 

has DRESSED TO DEATH LIKE 

SALLY HATCH (N. and Q., 3 ser., 
vi., 6). [Apparently a pun on 
KILLING (q.V.).~\ 

1869. Newfoundland Fisheries [quoted 
in De Vere]. The next day I met Davis 
and Nye, my two chums, on board the 
Little Rhody, DRESSED TO DEATH and 
trunk empty, as they said of themselves. 

DEATH-HUNTER, su&s. (common). 
I. A vendor of the last dying 
speeches, or confessions of crimi- 
nals ; a running patterer or 
stationer. 

1738. [From J. W. Jarvis and Son : 
Cat. No. 40, p. 38], Ramble through 
London, containing observations on 
Beggars, Pedlars, Petticoat Pensioners, 
DEATH HUNTERS, Humours of the 
Exchange, etc., by a True-born English- 
man [Title]. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., 228. The latter 
include the ' running patterers,' or DEATH- 
HUNTERS ; being men (no women) 
engaged in vending last dying speeches 
and confessions. 

2. (popular). An undertaker. 
For synonyms, see COLD COOK. 

? Old Song, ' Life's a Chase.' 
And e'en the DEATH-HUNTER, in coffins 
who deals Is at last hunted into a coffin. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

DEATH OR GLORY BOYS. See 

BINGHAM'S DANDIES. 

DEBBLISH, subs. (South African). 
A penny. For synonyms, see 

WlNN. 



DECAPITATE. See CUT OFF ONE'S 

HEAD. 



DECENT, DECENTLY, DECENTISH, 

adj. and adv. (colloquial). 
Moderate ; tolerable ; passably ; 
fairly good. 



DECOY-BIRD or DUCK, subs, (collo- 
quial). One employed to decoy 
persons into a snare ; a BUTTONER 
or BUG-HUNTER (q.v.}. Fr., un 
allumeur, un chatouilleur^ or un 
arrangeur. 

DECUS, subs, (old).- -A crown piece. 
[From the Latin, the motto decus 
et tutamen on the rims of these 
coins.] For synonyms, see 
CAROON. 

1688. T. SHADWELL, Squire of 
Alsatia, ed. 1720, 2, vol. IV., p. 48. 
Madam Hackum, to testify my gratitude, 
I make bold to equip you with some 
Meggs, DECUS'S, and Georges. 

1822. SCOTT, Fort, of Nigel, ch. 
xxiii. ' You see, 1 he said, pointing to the 
casket, ' that noble Master Grahame. 
whom you call Green, has got the DECUSES 
and the smelts.' 

DEE,SU&S. (vagrants'). I. A pocket- 
book or reader. For synonyms, 
see LEATHER. 

2, (common). A detective ; 
also 'TEC, (q.v.). Cf., DEEKER, 
and for synonyms, see NARK. 

1886. Graphic, 30 Jan., p. 130, col. 
i. A detective is known as a DEE and a 
teck ; the former is principally used by 
tramps and gipsies., and is properly D, the 
initial letter of the word. 

3. (common). See D, sense 2. 
DEEKER, subs. (old). See quot. 

1821. D. HAGGART, Life, Glossary, 
p. 171. DEEKER, a thief kept in pay by a 
constable. 

DEEP, adj. (colloquial). Artful ; 
e.g.) 'a DEEP one.' [An extension 



Deerstalker. 



268 Demctunder for Glymmar. 



of the figurative sense = remote 
from comprehension, hard to 
penetrate usages frequent in 
Biblical language. 

1672-1726. VANBRUGH, The Mistake, 
Act I. When you take us for fools, we 
never take you for wise men. For my 
part, in this present case, I take myself to 
be mighty DEEP. 

1688. SHADWELL, Sq. of Alsatia, 
III., in wks. (1720) iv., 63. Fools ! nay, 
there I am sure you are out : they are 
all DEEP, they are very DEEP, and sharp. 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 268. I can 
scarcely believe my eyes. Oh ! he's a 
DEEP one. 

1880. A. ^ROLLOPE, The Dukes 
Children, ch. vi. He was, too, very DEEP, 
and some men, who could put up with his 
other failings, could not endure that. 

1890. Pall Mall Gaz., 17 Oct., p. 2, 
col. 2. His Majesty the Sultan is ' a DEEP 
one,' it is clear. 

DEERSTALKER, subs, (popular). 
A felt hat. For synonyms, see 
GOLGOTHA. 

1870. London Figaro [letter dated 
Dec. 9]. Either the wind must be bottled 
up or the P. of W. must start the fashion of 
wearing DEERSTALKERS ... in the windy 
weather. 

DEFERRED STOCK, subs, (city). 
Inferior soup. [A play upon 
words.] For synonyms, see GLUE. 

1871. Pall Mall Gaz., 22 May. A 
few years ago, at an economical Chan- 
cellor of Exchequer's dinner on the Queen's 
Birthday, the Chairman of one of the 
Revenue Boards, after tasting the soup, 
asked the Governor of the Bank of Eng- 
land, who happened to be sitting next to 
him at the table, ' What is this ? ' ' DE- 
FERRED STOCK, I suspect,' replied the 
Governor. 

DEGEN, DEGAN, or DAGEN, subs. 
(old). A sword. [From the 
German.] 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
Nun the DEGEN, steal the sword. 

1827. BULWER LYTTON, Pelhatn, p. 
325. ed. 1864. Tip him the DEGEN. 



DELICATE, subs. (vagrants'). A 
LURKER'S (q.v.} false subscription 
book. 

DELL, subs. (old). I. A young 
girl; a virgin ; a young wanton. 
Later, a mistress : cf., DOXY. 
For synonyms, see TITTER. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat, p. 75. A 
DELL is a yonge wenche, able for genera- 
tion, and not yet knowen or broken by the 
vpright man. 

1574-1637. BEN JONSON, Metain. 
Gipsies. Sweet doxies and DELLS My 
Roses and Nells. 

1609. THOMAS DEKKER, Lanthorne 
and Candlelight. Docked the DELL, for 
a Coper meke His wach shall feng a 
Frounces Nab-chete. 

1622. HEAD AND KIRKMAN, English 
Rogue. I met a DELL, I viewed her well. 

1694. DUNTON, Ladies' Dictionary. 
DELLS are young bucksom wenches, ripe, 
and prone to venery, but have not yet 
been debauch'd. 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet. DELL, 
Doxy, a wench. 

1834. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood) 
bk. I., ch. ix. He was seized . . . by the 
bailiff of Westminster when dead drunk, 
his liquor having been drugged by his 
DELLS and was shortly afterwards 
hanged at Tyburn. 

DELOG, subs, (back slang). Gold. 
For synonyms, see REDGE. 

DELO-NAMMOW, subs, (back slang). 
An old woman. For synonyms, 
see OLD GEEZER. 

DELVE IT, verb. phr. (tailors'). 
To hurry with one's work, head 
down and sewing fast. Cf., DIG, 
verb. 

DEMAND THE Box, verb. phr. 
(nautical). To call for a bottle. 

DEMAUNDER FOR GLYMMAR, subs, 
phr. (old). Sec quot. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat, p. 61. 
These DEMAUNDERS FOR GLYMMAR be 
for the moste parte wemen ; for glymmar 



Demi-doss. 



269 



Dep. 



in their language, is fyre. These goe 
with fayned lycences and counterfayted 
wrytings, hauing the hands and scales of 
suche gentlemen as dwelleth nere to the 
place where they fayne them selues to 
haue bene burnt, and their goods con- 
sumed with fyre. They wyll most 
lamentable demaunde your charitie, and 
wyll quicklye shed salte teares, they be so 
tender harted. They wyll neuer begge in 
that Shiere where their losses (as they say) 
was. 

DEM I- DOSS, subs, (vagrants'). See 
quot. 

1886. Daily News, 3 Nov., p. 5, col. 5. 
Others, unable to find the coin wherewith 
to obtain even a DEMI-DOSS, i.e., penny 
sleep. 

DEMI-REP, subs, (old slang, now 
recognised). A woman of doubt- 
ful repute. [A contraction of 
demi-reputation.] For synonyms, 
see BARRACK HACK and TART. 

1750. FIELDING, Tomjones,\k.. XV., 
ch. ix. That character which is vulgarly 
called a DEMI-REP ; that is to say, a woman 
who intrigues with every man she likes, 
under the name and appearance of virtue 
... in short, whom everybody knows to 
be what nobody calls her. 

1754. Connoisseur, No. 4. An order 
of females lately sprung up ... usually 
distinguished by the denomination of DEMI- 
REPS ; a word not to be found in any of 
our dictionaries. 

1846-48. THACKERAY, Vanity Fair, 
vol. II., ch. xx. So they went on talking 
about dancers, fights, drinking, DEMI- 
REPS, until Macmurdo came down. 

DEMNITION Bow-wows, subs. phr. 
(common). The ' dogs ' which 
spell ' ruin.' Originally a 
Dickensism (see quot., 1838). 
For analogues, see DEAD BROKE. 

1838. DICKENS, Nicholas Nickleby, 
II., 32. ' I beg its little pardon,' said Mr. 
Mantalini, dropping the handle of the 
mangle, and folding his arms together, 
' It's all up with its handsome friend. He 
has gone to the DEMNITION BOW-WOWS. 

1888. New York Herald, 25 March. 
There are some men who, if they don't 
make twice as much as they expect to 
make, will cry hard times, and say that 



general business is going to the DEMNITION 
BOW-WOWS, but these men would say the 
same thing in any event. 

1889. The Nation, 19 Dec., p. 499, 
col. i. Our great farming industry the 
very soil of National growth is not going 

to the DEMNITION BOW-WOWS. 

DEMNITION HOT, adv. phr. 
(American). Exceedingly warm; 
a heat supposed to be akin to 
that of the place where they don't 
rake out the fires at night. 

1888. San Francisco Weekly Ex- 
aminer, 22 March. It was DEMNITION 
HOT, and I commenced to hunt for soft 
spots in my saddle. 

DEMON, subs. (Australian prison). 
I. A policeman. For synonyms, 
see BEAK and COPPER. 

2. (colloquial). A super- 
excellent adept ; e.g., THE 
DEMON BOWLER = Mr. Spofforth; 
THE DEMON JOCKEY = Fordham 
or Fred Archer, and so forth. 

DEN, subs, (common). A place 
where intimates are received ; 
one's * diggings ' or ' snuggery. ' 
[In Anglo-Saxon = a bed, cave, or 
lurking place.] For synonyms, 
see DIGGINGS. 

1865. Punch, vol. XLVIII., p. in 

COl. 2, S.V. 

DENNIS, subs. (old). A small 
walking stick. 

DEP, sttbs. (common). i. A deputy; 
specifically the night porter or 
chamberlain at padding or doss- 
ing kens. 

1870. C. DICKENS, Mystery of Edwin 
Drood, ch. v. I'm man-servant up at the 
Travellers' Twopenny in Gas Works Gar- 
ding, this thing explains, all man-servants 
at Travellers' Lodgings is named DEPUTY 

2. (Christ's Hospital). A 
deputy GRECIAN, i.e., a boy in 
the form below the GRECIANS. 



Derby. 



270 



Deuce. 



DERBY. See DARBY. 

DERREY, siibs. (thieves'). An eye- 
glass. TO TAKE THE DERREY, 
(tailors') = to quiz, ridicule. 

DERRICK, subs. (old). The gallows. 
[A corruption of Theodoric, the 
name of the public hangman 
at the end of the sixteenth 
and the beginning of the 
seventeenth centuries.] Now 
the name of an apparatus, 
resembling a crane. Also, used 
as a verb = to hang ; apparently 
the earliest recorded sense. For 
synonyms, see NUBBING CHEAT. 

1600. W. KEMP, Nine Days' Wonder, 
in Arber's English Garner, vol. VIII. , p. 37. 
One that . . . would pol his father, DERICK 
his dad ! do anything, how ill soever, to 
please _his apish humour. 

1607. DEKKER, Jests to Make yon 
Merie, in wks. (Grosart), ii., 318. For 
might I have beene her Judge, shee should 
haue had her due, and danst DERRIKS 
dance in a hempen halter. 

1609. DEKKER, Gufs Horne-Booke, 
chap. ii. The Neapolitan will (like 
DERICK, the hangman) embrace you with 
one arme, and rip your guts with the other. 

DERWENTER, subs. (Australian). 
A convict. [From the penal 
settlement on the banks of the 
Derwent, Tasmania.] 

DESPATCHERS, subs, (gamesters'). 
False dice with two sides, 
double four, five, and six. 

1856. Times, 27 Nov., s.v. 

DESPERATE, and DESPERATELY, 
adj. and adv. (colloquial). A 
metaphor of excessiveness ; e.g. , 

DESPERATELY MASHED = OVCI 

head and ears in love. 

DETRIMENTAL, subs, (society). 
An ineligible suitor ; also a male 
flirt. 



1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 133, col. i. 
Defining that zero of for tune to stand below 
which constitutes a DETRIMENTAL. 

1859. WHITTY, Political Portraits, 
p. 113. The fact is, that the DETRIMEN- 
TALS won't work ; born into shifty afflu- 
ence, it is easier to struggle on in a false 
positioa than to struggle out of it. 

1886. Household Words, 13 March, 
p. 400. A DETRIMENTAL, in genteel slang, 
is a lover, who, owing to his poverty is 
ineligible as a husband; or one who pro- 
fesses to pay attentions to a lady without 
serious intention of marriage, and thereby 
discourages the intentions of others. 

DETRIMENTAL-CLUB,.TW AT. (society). 
The Reform Club. 



DEUCE, DEWCE, or DEUSE, subs. 
(common). I. The devil; per- 
dition. Also used as an ejacu- 
lative, e.g., THE DEUCE ! WHAT 

THE DEUCE ! WHO THE DEUCE ! 

DEUCE TAKE YOU ! etc. [WEDG- 
WOOD : ' The evolution of DEUCE 
from Thurs. t the name of a 
Scandinavian demon is fully 
vouched.' SKEAT : Latin deus, 
God, deus^ borrowed from French 
usage, being found as an inter- 
jection in early English works. 
Low German duus, Ger. daus 
are used similarly and may have 
the same origin ; others connect it 
with Armor, dus, teuz, a goblin.] 
For synonyms, see SKIPPER. 

b. 1670, d. 1729. CONGREVE. It was 
the prettiest prologue as he wrote it ; well, 
the DEUCE take me if I ha'n't forgot it. 

1754. B. MARTIN, Eng. Diet, (and 
ed.), s.v. DEWCE. 

1780. MRS. COWLEY, The Belles 
Stratagem, Act v., Sc. i. Miss C. DEUCE 
take her ! She's six years younger than I 
am. 

1827. R. B. PEAKE, Comfortable 
Lodgings, Act I., Sc. iii., De C. I am 
the Intendant of Police, sir. Sir H. The 
DEUCE you are ! 

1837. BARHAM, /. L. (Jackdaw of 
Rheims). There's a cry and a shout, And 
a DEUCE of a rout, And nobody seems to 
know what they're about. 



Deuced. 



271 



Devil. 



1854. AYTOUN AND MARTIN, Bon 
Gaultier Ballads. 'To a forget-me- 
not.' I can't tell WHO THE DEUCE it was 
That gave me this Forget-me-not. 

2. (vagrants'). Twopence. 

1714. Memoirs of John Hall (4th 
ed.), p. 12, s.v. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 276. 'Give 
him a DEUCE '(20!.). 

3. (gamesters'). The two at 
dice or cards. 

TO PLAY THE DEUCE or DEVIL 
WITH, verb. phr. (common). 
To send, or be sent, to rack and 
ruin. 

1881. JAS. PAYN, Grape from a 
Thorn, ch. i. I have a presentiment that 
the cooking will PLAY THE DEUCE with my 
digestion. 

1885. Indoor Paupers, p. 89. Her 
drinking PLAYED THE DEUCE with the 
shop. 

THE DEUCE TO PAY, phr. 
(common). Unpleasant or awk- 
ward consequences to be faced ; 
see DEVIL TO PAY. 

1854. THACKERAY, The Rose and 
the Ring, p. 69. There has been such a 
row, and disturbance, and quarrelling, and 
fighting, and chopping of heads off, and 
THE DEUCE TO PAY, that I'm inclined to 
go back to Cumtartary. 

1869. MRS. H. WOOD, Roland Yorke, 
ch. xxxiii. One or both of 'em . . 
report me for negligence ! I get a curt 
telegram to come to town, and here's THE 
DEUCE TO PAY ! 

DEUCED, adj. (common). Devilish; 
excessive ; confounded. Also 
adverbially. [From DEUCE (q.v.) t 

+ ED.] 

1836. MICHAEL SCOTT, The Cruise 
of the Midge, vol. I. [ed. i86o],_ p. 160. 
Quacco all this while was twisting and 
turning himself, and, although evidently 
in a DEUCED quandary, trying to laugh 
the affair off as a joke. 

DEUSEA-VILLE, subs. (old). The 
Country. See DAISYVILLE. 



DEUSEA-VILLE STAMPERS, subs, 
phr. (old). Country carriers. 

DEVIL, subs, (common). i. For- 
merly a barrister who DEVILS, or 
' gets up, ' a case for a leader ; as 
in A Tale of Two Cities, Sydney 
Carton for Mr. Stryver. Now 
common for anyone hacking for 
another. (See quots., 1889.) 

1872. Echo, 14 Nov. Mr. Archibald, 
the Attorney-General's DEVIL is to be 
made a judge. Well, other DEVILS have 
been made judges of. Sir James Hannen, 
we are told, was a DEVIL once. 

1873. Daily Telegraph, 12 Feb. 
It will not be possible even to send a 
telegram to a French journal during a 
sitting. Not a word must be printed 
until the President's DEVIL has distri- 
buted the Officiel to the different office 
boys who will henceforth, etc 

1889. Telegram. M 84, B 
Street, London, E.G. Strange letter re- 
ceived. Will you please see DEVIL at my 
chambers? R . [In original telegram 
the word ' devil ' was queried by the P.O. 
authorities !] 

1889. GEORGE R. SIMS, The Authors 
Ghost. ' Who are you ? ' I asked in dis- 
may. ' I'm a DEVIL . . .' 'A what ! ' I 
exclaimed with a start. 'A DEVIL ... I 
give plots and incidents to popular authors, 
sir, write poetry for them, drop in situa- 
tions, jokes, work up their rough ma- 
terial: in short, sir, I DEVIL for them.' 

1890. Speaker, 22 Feb., p. 211, col. 
2. No one who is not in the swim can 
have any conception of theamount of work 
and worry that devolves upon a counsel in 
leading practice at the criminal bar. . . , 
He has to do the best he can, with the as- 
sistance of juniors and DEVILS. 

2. (printers'). An errand boy 
or young apprentice ; in the early 
days of the craft, the boy who 
took the printed sheets as they 
came from the press. P>., un 
attrape-science. 

1754. Connoisseur, No. 9. Our pub- 
lisher, printer, corrector, DEVIL, 'or any 
other employed in our service. 

1757. FOOTE, Author, Act I. A 
printer's prime minister, called a DEVIL, 



Devil. 



272 



Devil. 



1859. Punch, vol. XXXVI, p. 82. 
'An author's paradise.' A place where 
there are no printers' DEVILS. 

1863. ALEX. SMITH, Dreamthorp, 
p. 211. He wrote in a leisurely world, 
when there was plenty of time for writing 
and reading ; long before the advent of the 
printer's DEVIL or of Mr. Mudie. 

3. (nautical). See quot. 

1883. Illustrated London News, 
16 June, p. 603, col. 2. It is proposed to 
prevent the use of the DEVIL, a kind of 
sharpened anchor, at the bows of a trawler 
for cutting the nets of drifters in the 
North Sea. 

4. (old). A firework. 

1742. FIELDING, Joseph Andrews, 
bk. III., ch. vii. The captain, perceiving 
an opportunity, pinned a cracker or DEVIL 
to the cassock, and then lighted it. 

5. (licensed victuallers'). 
Gin seasoned with capsicums. 
Cf., following sense. 

1828. G. SMEATON, Doings in 
London. The extract of Capsicums or 
extract of Grains of Paradise is known in 
the gin-selling trade by the appellation of 
the DEVIL. They are manufactured by 
putting a quantity of small East India 
chillies into a bottle of spirits of wine and 
keeping it closely stopped for about a 
month. 

6. (common). A grilled bone 
seasoned with mustard and cay- 
enne. Cf., ATTORNEY. 

7. (military). A sand-storm. 

1889. Daily News, 8 July. 'The 
Camp at Wimbledon." They raised also 
clouds of dust that went whirling across 
the common in spiral cones like desert 
DEVILS. 

8. (common). A species of 
firewood soaked in resin. 

THE or A DEVIL OF [A THING], 
adj. and adv. (colloquial). An 
indefinite intensitive : e.g., DEVIL 
of a mess, of a woman, of a row, 
etc. 

1602. SHAKSPEARE, Twelfth Night, 
ii., 3. The DEVIL, a puritan that he is.jor 
anything constantly. 



1836. MICHAEL SCOTT, Cruise of the 
Midge\&&. 1860], p. 102. A DEVIL OF A 
good fight he made of it. 

1836. MICHAEL SCOTT, Cruise of the 
Midge [ed. 1860], p. 298. The DEVIL A 
THING was there in sight, not even a small 
white speck of a sail. 

AMERICAN DEVIL, subs. phr. 
(workmen's). A steam whistle 
or ' hooter ' ; used in place of a 
bell for summoning to work. 

1872. Manchester Guardian, 24 
Sept. Mr. Powell's Bill contains abun- 
dant powers for suppressing the vile nui- 
sance known as the AMERICAN DEVIL, and 
should any man suffer from it in future he 
will have nobody to thank but himself. 

BLUE DEVILS. See ante. 

LITTLE (or YOUNG) DEVIL, 
subs. phr. (common). A half 
playful, half sarcastic, address ; a 
term of endearment ; e.g. , YOU 
LITTLE DEVIL. Cf., YOU YOUNG 
TINKER. 

1841. R. B. PEAKE, Court and City, 
Act i., Sc. i. My wife was such an unrea- 
sonable LITTLE DEVIL, as to ask me forty 
questions about my staying out so late. 

Verb (common). i. To act 
as a DEVIL (q.v., subs.); to per- 
form routine or _detail work for 
another. 

1872. Daily Telegraph, 30 Nov. 
Letter, 'Called to the Bar.' Then I took 
legislative rambles in the Courts, so that 
I might see practice, and that practitioners 
might see me ; and then I DEVILLED and 
reported a little. 

1883. Graphic, 12 May, p. 478, col. 
2. The practice prevailing among eminent 
counsel of undertaking more cases than 
they can possibly manage, and handing 
over some to the juniors who DEVIL for 
them. 

2. (American cadet). To 
victimize. 

WHAT, WHO, WHEN, WHERE, 
or How THE DEVIL, phr. 
(common). An expletive of 
wonder, vexation, etc. 



Devil. 



273 



Devil. 



b. 1688, d. 174-1. POPE [quoted in 
Annandale]. The things we know are 
neither rich nor rare ; But wonder HOW 
THE DEVIL they got there. 

1776. DAVID GAR RICK, Bon Ton, or 
High Life Above Stairs, Act ii., Sc. i. 
Sir. T. Why, WHAT THE DEVIL do you 
make one at these masqueradings. 

1780. MRS. COWLEY, The Belles 
Stratagem, Act i., Sc. 3. Har. WHO 
THE DEVIL could have foreseen that? 

1827. R. B. PEAKE, Comfortable 
Lodgings, Act i, Sc. 3. WHAT THE 
DEVIL is all this about? 

1836. MICHAEL SCOTT, Cruise of the 
Midge [Ry. ed. 1860], p. 134. How THE 
DEVIL can you get anything out of an 
empty vessel ? 

TO PLAY THE DEVIL WITH, 
^>erb. phr. (colloquial). To ruin 
or molest. 

1821. EGAN, Tom and Jerry, p. 46. 
The passions, as I've said, are far from 
evil, But if not well confined they PLAY 

THE DEVIL. 

TO PULL THE DEVIL BY THE 
TAIL, phr. (colloquial). To go 
to ruin headlong ; also to be 
reduced to one's last shift. Cf., 

TO PLAY THE DEVIL WITH. 

1890. European Mail, 2 Aug., p. 30, 
col. 2. The immense disproportion 
between the solid assets and the liabilities 
of the enterprise made experienced 
Parisian financiers say from the first that 
the company was PULLING THE DEVIL BY 
THE TAIL, and a perusal of M. Monchi- 
court's report must confirm this view. 

TO WHIP THE DEVIL ROUND 
THE STUMP, verb. phr. (Ameri- 
can). To enjoy the sweets of 
wickedness and yet escape the 
penalty. 

1857. New m York Evening Post, 
While Mr. Jones is describing his wants in 
the money line, and telling the president 
how near through he is, that officer is 
carrying on a mental addition it may be 
after this manner : Jones, you're a clever 
fellow, but Smith tells me you are engaged 
in a coal-stock operation. I have heard 
also that you have been dabbling in Erie. 
There is a want of candor now, I perceive, 
in the statement of your affairs. There, 



you are now WHIPPING THE DEVIL 
AROUND THE STUMP \ I see his foot. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, 
p. 187. Nor is the slang phrase : TO WHIP 

THE DEVIL AROUND THE STUMP tO be 

traced very clearly to the backwoods. 

1872. HALDEMAN, Pennsylvania 

Dutch. I WHIPPED THE DEVIL ROUND 

THE STUMP, And gave a cut at every 
jump. 

HAUL DEVIL, PULL BAKER, 

phr. (colloquial). To contend 
with varying fortunes. In the 
sense of endeavouring to over- 
reach, a variant is DIAMOND CUT 
DIAMOND. 

( 1889. Cornhill Mag., July, p. 99. I 
can't get proper accounts from her ; and 
it's a regular case of PULL DEVIL, PULL 
BAKER, whenever I want to look at the 
trades-people's books. 

AND THE DEVIL KNOWS WHAT 
or WHO, phr. (colloquial). A 
term used vaguely and indefinitely 
to include details not specifically 
mentioned or known. 

1717. MRS. CENTLIVRE, A Bold 
Stroke for a Wife, Act iii., Sc. i. Per. 
Why, what a pack of trumpery has this 
rogue picked up ! His pagod, polu- 
flosboio, his zonos moros musphonons, AND 

THE DEVIL KNOWS WHAT. 

TO GO TO THE DEVIL, phr. 

(colloquial). To go to rack and 
ruin. Go TO THE DEVIL ! = 
begone ! A summary form of 
dismissal with no heed as to what 
may become of the person who is 
sent about his business. 

1801. T. DIBDIN, The Birthday* 
Act i., Sc. 2. Capt. Hold your tongue, 
Junk ; you are a libellous rascal. You, 
and your box, too, may GO TO THE 
DEVIL. 

TO HOLD A LIGHT Or CANDLE 
TO, Or BURN A CANDLE BEFORE, 

THE DEVlL,//;r. (colloquial). To 
propitiate through fear ; to assist 
or wink at wrong doing. Shaks- 
peare (Merchant of Venice, Act 
ii. , Sc. 6), employs ' What ! must 
1$ 



Devil, 



274 



Devil. 



I hold a candle to my shame,' in 
much the same sense. [From the 
practice of burning candles before 
the images of saints, etc.]. NOT 

FIT TO HOLD A CANDLE TO 

THE DEVIL = a simile of in- 
feriority. TO HOLD A CANDLE 
TO ANOTHER = to assist in, 
occupy a subordinate position, or 
(see quot., 1859) to compare to 
another. 

c. 1461. In Paston Letters, II., 73 
(ed. Gairdner). For it is a common pro- 
verbe, ' A man must sumtyme SET A 
CANDEL BEFOR THE DEWLE ; ' and there- 
for thow it be not alder most mede and 
profytabyl, yet if ij harmys the leste is to 
be take. 

1557. TUSSER, Husbandrie, p. 148. 
Though not for hope of good, Yet for the 
feare of euill, Thou maist find ease so 
proffering up A CANDELL TO THE DKUILL. 

f 1672. WYCHERLEY, Love in a Wood, 
I., i., wks. (1713), 346. You cannot HOLD 

A CANDLE TO THE DEVIL. 

1705. WARD, Hudibras Redim-vus, 

Vol. I., pt. III., p. 17. TO HOLD A CANDLE 

TO THE DEVIL, Is not the means to stop 
this evil. 

1828. SCOTT, Fair Maid of Perth, 
ii., 213. Here have I been HOLDING A 
CANDLE TO THE DEVIL, to show him the 
way to mischief. 

1859. H. KINGSLEY, Geoffrey Hamlyn, 
ch. xxxii. A Frenchman is conceited 
enough, but, by George, he can't HOLD A 
CANDLE to a Scotchman. 

THE DEVIL, or THE DEVIL 
AND ALL TO PAY,///r. (colloquial). 
A simile of fruitless effort ; 
awkward consequences to be 
faced. [Nautical : originally, 
' There's the devil to pay and no 
pitch hot ' ; the ' devil ' being 
any seam in a vessel, awkward to 
caulk, or in sailors' language ' to 
pay.' Hence by confusion THE 

DEUCE TO PAY (q.V.).] 

1711. SWIFT, Journal to Stella, 28 
Sept. Letter 31. And then there will be 

THE DEVIL AND ALL TO PAY. 

1761. CoLMAN,/eafans Wife, III., in 
wks. (1777), i., 69. There's the DEVIL TO 
PAY in meddling with them, 



1762. FOOTE, Liar, iii., 3. Sir, 
here has been the DEVIL TO PAY within. 

1836. MICHAEL SCOTT, Cruise of the 
Midge. [Ry. ed. 1860], p. 127. Here was 
the DEVIL TO PAY with a vengeance. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM. The Ingolds- 
by Legends. The Execution (ed. 1862). 
p. 198. Hollo ! Hollo ! Here's a rum go. 
Why, Captain ! My Lord ! Here's THE 
DEVIL TO PAY ! The fellow's been cut down 
and taken away ! 

1866. G. ELIOT, Felix Holt, ch. xxi. 
He made a fool of himself with marrying 
at Vespul ; and there was THE DEVIL TO 
PAY with the girl's relations. 

TALK OF THE DEVIL AND 
YOU'LL SEE HIS HORNS or TAIL, 
phr. (colloquial). Said of a 
person who, being the subject of 
conversation, unexpectedly makes 
an appearance. Fr., parlez des 
anges et vous en voyez les ailes. 

b. 1664, d. 1721. M. PRIOR. Hans 
Carvel. Since therefore 'tis to combat evil, 
'Tis lawful to employ the Devil, Forthwith 
the Devil did appear, For NAME HIM and 

HE'S ALWAYS NEAR. 

DEVIL-MAY-CARE, adj. (col- 
loquial). Rollicking ; reckless ; 
rash. 

1822-36. JNO. WILSON, Nodes Amb. 
I., 274. [The shepherd has thrown back 
to the fire a live coal.] Belyve the blisters 
'11 be rising like foam-bells ; but DEIL MAY 

CARE. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xlix., 
p. 428. He was a mighty free and easy, 
roving, DEVIL-MAY-CARE sort of person, was 
my Uncle, gentlemen. 

1839. LEVER, Harry Lorrequer, 
ch. xii. There was also a certain DEVIL- 
MAY-CARE recklessness about the self- 
satisfied swagger of his gait. 

1849. ALBERT SMITH, in Gabamiin 
London (Acrobats). Unsettled, wandering, 
and DEVIL-MAY-CARE as his disposition may 
be, he cannot be called idle. 

1863. HON. MRS. NORTON, Lost 
and Saved, p. 33. Treherne had a hot 
twinge of doubt, in spite of his DEVIL-MAY- 
CARE style of writing, whether Lewellyn 
would answer him at all. 

1865. Punch, vol. XLVIIL, p. 106. 
Fechter's acting [as Robert Macaire] in 
Tlie Roadside Inn may be described as 

the DEVIL-MAY-CARE Style, 



Devil Dodger. 



275 



Devil Dodger. 



DEVIL TAKE, or FETCH, or 

SEND, Or SNATCH, Or FLY AWAY 

WITH, YOU, ME, HIM! etc., 
phr. (colloquial). An impre- 
cation of impatience. Fr., le 
boulanger ? entrolle en son pasclin. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, In^oldsby 
Legends (ed. 1862), p. 330. Don't use 
naughty words, in the next place, and 
ne'er in your language adopt a bad habit of 
swearin'. Never say, ' DEVIL TAKE ME,' 

Or ' SHAKE ME,' Or ' BAKE ME,' Or SUch- 

like expressions. Remember Old Nick, 
To take folks at their word, is remarkably 
quick. 

THERE'S THE DEVIL AMONG 
THE TAILORS, phr. (common). 
A row is going on. [Ed- 
wards : Oiiginating in a riot 
at the Haymarket when Dowton 
announced the performance for 
his benefit, of a burlesque entitled 
'The Tailors: a Tragedy for 
Warm Weather.' Many thou- 
sands of journeymen tailors con- 
gregated, and interrupted the 
performances. Thirty-three were 
brought up at Bow Street next 
day. See Biographica Dramalica 
under ' Tailors.'] 

WHEN THE DEVIL is BLIND, 
adv. phr. (colloquial). Never, 
i.e., in a month of Sundays; 
said of anything unlikely to 
happen. For synonyms, see 
GREEK KALENDS. 

DEVIL DODGER, subs, (common). 
" A clergyman. Also, by implica- 
tion, anyone of a religious turn of 
mind. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Devil 
catcher, driver, pitcher, or scolder ; 
snub devil ; bible pounder ; duck 
that grinds the gospel mill ; com- 
mister; camister ; sky-pilot; chim- 
ney-sweep ; rat ; rum (Johnson) ; 
pantiler ; cushion smiter, duster, 
or thumper; couple, or buckle, 



beggar ; rook ; gospel grinder ; 
earwig ; one-in-ten (tramps ' = a 
tithe-monger); finger-post; parish 
prig ; parish bull ; holy Joe ; 
green apron ; black cattle (collec- 
tively) ; crow ; the cloth (collec- 
tively) ; white choker ; patrico ; 
black coat ; black fly ; glue pot ; 
gospel postillion ; prunella ; 
pudding - sleeves ; puzzle - text ; 
schism - monger ; cod ; Black 
Brunswicker ; spiritual flesh - 
broker ; head-clerk of the Dox- 
ology Works ; Lady Green ; fire- 
escape ; gospel sharp ; padre 
(Anglo-Indian) ; pound-text. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un 
radicon (thieves') ; tin otage 
(popular : = hostage, in allusion to 
events under the Commune of 
1871); un radis noir (familiar : 
also a police officer. In allusion 
to ' the cloth ') ; im ratichon 
(pop. from ratisise, rase = shaved); 
nn sanglier (thieves' : a wild boar, 
but also a play upon words sans 
without, + glier, the infernal 
regions) ; un raze or razi (thieves'); 
un rochet (thieves' : a surplice) ; 
un pante en robe (thieves' : ' a 
cove in a gown,' also a judge); 
un chasublard (popular); une 
calotte (fam. : le regiment de la 
calotte = the skull-cap brigade, 
i.e., the company of the Society 
of Jesus); un corbeau (pop. : = 
crow) ; un couar. (popular) ; un 
babillard (thieves' : especially a 
confessor, a ' blab-monger') ; un 
bichot (a bishop) ; une enseigne de 
cimctiere (' a cemetery signpost.' 
Cf., SKY-PILOT and FINGER- 
POST) ; tin baton de reglisse 
(thieves': = a stick of liquorice. 
Also a police-officer) ; un bar- 
bichon (popular : a preaching friar. 
From barbe = beard, in allusion to 
the long beard characteristic of 
the order). 



Devil-Drawer. 276 Devils-Delight. 



GERMAN SYNONYMS. Herrle 
(especially applied to Catholic 
priests). Lefranz or Lefrenz (a 
transposition of Franzle or Franzle 
= the Franciscan. Liber Vaga- 
torum Lefrtnzin, = a priest's 
harlot, still popular in N. Ger- 
many) ; Schocherer (from Hebrew 
schochar= black. Cf. t analogous 
English terms) ; Schwarzfarber 
(Schwarz = black ; Fdrber = a 
dyer). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Chiod- 
rino ; capellano rosso (a cardinal ; 
'a red chaplain') ; farfoio ( = a 
monk ; farfoia> a nun) ; rossignolo 
(= 'a nightingale') ; pisto or 
pistolfo (Michel : l parce qu'il sttit 
le condamne a la piste '). 

SPANISH SYNONYM.- Cleri- 
guillo ( = a little cleric : both in- 
sult and endearment). 

1791. LACKING-TON, Memoirs, Letter 
vi. [ed. 1803]. . These DEVIL-DODGERS hap- 
pened to be so very powerful (that is, 
noisy) that they soon sent John home, 
crying out he should be damn'd. 

1889. Comhill Mag., Jan., p. 50. 
He's just a kind of a fine-haired cuss a 
gambler, or a DEVIL-DODGER. I reckon 
. . .I'm open ter bet he's a preacher. 



DEVIL-DRAWER, subs. (old). An 
indifferent artist. 



DEVILISH, adv. (colloquial). Used 
intensitively. Cf. t AWFULLY, 
and BEASTLY. 

_ 1755. ^ The World, No 140. How 
arbitrary is language ! and how does the 
custom of mankind join words, that reason 
has put asunder. Thus we often hear of 
hell-fire cold, of DEVILISH handsome, and 
the like. 

1780. MRS. COWLEY, The Belles 
Stratagem, iii., i. I tell you, sir, that, for 
all that, she's DEV'LISH sensible. 

1871. SIR M. LOPEZ, Speech on Army 
Bill, H. of C., 3 July. It was DEVILISH 
hard he meant very hard to lay it. 



DEVIL'S BED-POSTS, or DEVIL'S 
FOUR- POST ER,subs. phr. (cards'). 
The four of clubs ; held as an 
unlucky 'turn-up.' 

1879. J. C. J., in N. and Q., 5 S., 
xii., 473. In London I have always 
heard the four of clubs called the DEVIL'S 
BEDPOST, and also that it is the worst 
turn-up one could have. 

DEVIL'S- BON ES,SU&S. (old). Dice; 
also DEVIL'S TEETH. Cf. t DEVIL'S 
BOOKS. 

1664. ETHEREGE, Comical Revenge, 
II., iii., in wks. (1704), 27. I do not 
understand dice : I understand good pas- 
ture and drink hang the DEVIL'S BONES. 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, ch. 
xxiii. A gamester, one who deals with 
the DEVIL'S BONES and the doctors. 

DEVIL'S-BOOKS, subs, (common). 
Cards. [Of Presbyterian origin ; 
in reproof of a synonymous term 
KING'S BOOKS, or more fully, 
THE HISTORY OF THE FOUR 
KINGS (Fr.,tivre des quatre rois). ] 
Also BOOKS OF BRIEFS (Fr., la 
cartouchiere a portees). 

1729. SWIFT, Intelligencer, No. 4, 
p. 43 (2nd ed.). Cards are the devil's own 
invention, for which reason, time out of 
mind, they are and have been called the 
DEVIL'S BOOKS. 

18(?). THACKERAY, Character 
Sketches (Capt. Rook and Mr. Pigeon). 
I often think that the DEVIL'S BOOKS, as 
cards are called, are let out to us from Old 
Nick's circulating library. 

DEVIL'S-CLAWS, subs, (thieves'). 
The broad arrow on convicts' 
uniforms. 

DEVIL'S-COLOURS or LIVERY, subs. 
(common). Black arid yellow. 

DEVIL'S - DAUGHTER, subs, (com- 
mon). A shrew. 

DEVIL'S-DELIGHT. To KICK UP 
THE DEVIL'S DELIGHT, verbal 
phr. (common). To make a 
disturbance, 



277 



Devil's Ozvn. 



1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. xv. His wives, five or six on 
'em, was yowlin", and cryin', and KICKIN" 

UP THE DEVIL'S DELIGHT. 

1863. CHAS. READE, Hard Cask, I., 
278. Well then, speak quick, both of you, 
said Sharpe, or I'll lay ye both by the heels. 
Ye black scoundrels, what business have 
you in the Captain's cabin, KICKING UP 

THE DEVIL'S DELIGHT ? 



DEVIL'S - DOZEN, subs. (old). 
Thirteen ; the original BAKER'S- 
DOZEN (y.v.). [From the num- 
ber of witches supposed to sit 
down together at a ' Sabbath.' 
In Fr. le boulanger (the baker) = 
the devil.] 

DEVIL'S - DUNG, subs. (old). 
Asafoetida : the old pharmaceu- 
tical name. [From the smell.] 
Now recognised. 

1604. DEKKER, Honest Wh.,'m. wks. 
(1873), " 4- Fust. The DIVEI.'S DUNG 
in thy teeth : I'll be welcome whether thou 
wilt or no. 

1759. STERNE, 7'ristram Shandy, 
vol. VIII., ch. xi. 'Tis all pepper, garlic, 
staragen, salt, and DEVIL'S DUNG. 

1804. C. K. SHARPE, in Correspon- 
dence (1888), i. 203. I devoured loads of 
DEVIL'S DUNG rounded into pills. 

DEVIL'S- DUST, subs, (trade). i. 
Old cloth shredded for re-manu- 
facture. [In allusion both to the 
swindle and to the 'DUST 'or 'flock' 
produced by the disintegrating 
machine which is called a 'devil.' 
The practice and the name are 
old. Latimer, in one of his ser- 
mons before Edward the Sixth, 
treating of trade rascality, re- 
marked that manufacturers could 
stretch cloth seventeen yards long, 
into a length of seven-and-twenty 
yards : ' When they have brought 
him to that perfection,' he con- 
tinues, ' they have a pretty feat to 
thick him again. He makes me 
a powder for it, and plays the 



pothicary. They call it flock- 
powder, they do so incorporate it 
to the cloth, that it is wonderful 
to consider ; truly a good inven- 
tion. Oh that so goodly wits 
should be so applied ; they may 
well deceive the people, but they 
cannot deceive God. They were 
wont to make beds of flocks, and 
it was a good bed too. Now they 
have turned their flocks into pow- 
der, to play the false thieves with 
it.' Popularised by Mr. Ferrand 
in a speech before the House of 
Commons, March 4, 1842 (Han- 
sard, 3 S, Ixi., p. 140) when he 
tore a piece of cloth made from 
DEVIL'S DUST, into shreds to prove 
its worthlessness.] Also SHODDY 



1840. CARLYLE, Misc., iv., 239. 
Does it beseem thee to weave cloth of 
DEVIL'S DUST instead of true wool, and cut 
and sew it as if those wert not a tailor but 
the fraction of a very tailor ? 

1851. MAYHEW, London Lab. and 
Lon. Poor, II., p. 30. 

1864. Times, 2 Nov. It is not many 
years since Mr. Ferrand denounced the 
DEVIL'S DUST of the Yorkshire woollen 
manufacturers ; this DEVIL'S DUST arises 
from the grand translation of old cloth 
into new. 

2. (military) Gunpowder. 

1883. HAWLEY SMART, Hard Lines, 
ch. i. One looks tip at the snow-white 
walls . . and then remembers grimly what 
a mess the DEVIL'S DUST, as used by 
modern artillery, would make of them in 
these days. 

DEVIL'S GUTS, subs. (old). A sur- 
veyor's chain. 
1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 



DEVIL'S OWN, subs, (military). 
I. The Eighty- Eight Foot. [A 
contraction of THE DEVIL'S OWN 
CON NAUGHT BOYS, a name given 
by General Picton for their gallan- 



Devits Paternoster. 



278 



Dew-Beaters. 



try in action and their irregularity 
in quarters during the Peninsular 
War, 1809-14.] 

2. (volunteer) The Inns of 
Court Volunteers [in allusion to 
the legal personnel}. 

1864. MARK LEMON, Jest Book, p. 
211. At a review of the volunteers, when 
the half-drowned heroes were defiling by 
all the best ways, the DEVIL'S OWN walked 
straight through. This being reported to 

Lord B , he remarked, ' that the 

lawyers always went through thick and 
thin. ' 

1872. Daily Telegraph, 28 Nov. 
In Richmond Park the Inns of Court Rifle 
Volunteers, more familiarly known as the 
DEVIL'S OWN, were inspected by Colonel 
Daubeney. 

DEVIL'S-PATERNOSTER. To SAY 
THE DEVIL'S PATERNOSTER, 
verb. phr. (old). To grumble. 

1614. TERENCE, in English. D. What 
DEVILLS PATER NOSTER is this he is say- 
ing? what would he? what saist thou 
honest man ? 

DEVIL'S PLAYTHINGS, subs. phr. 
(common). Cards. --See DEVIL'S 
BOOKS. 

DEVIL'S-SHARPSHOOTERS, subs. 
(American). Clerics who took 
part in the Mexican War. 

DEVIL'S-SMILES, subs, (common). 
April weather with alternations 
of sunshine and rain. 

DEVIL'S-TATTOO, subs, (common). 
Drumming the fingers on any re- 
sonant surface, or tapping the 
floor with one's feet, acts of 
vacancy or impatience. 

1817. SCOTT, Search after Haziness, 
st. xv. His sugar-loaves and bales about 
he threw, And on his counter beat the 
DEVIL'S TATTOO. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, Ingoldsby 
Legends (ed. 1862), p. 181. Her tears had 
ceased ; but her eyes were cast down, and 



mournfully fixed upon her delicate little 
foot, which was beating the DEVIL'S 

TATTOO. 

1841. LYTTON, Night and Morning, 
bk. III., ch. vi. Mr. Gawtrey remained 
by the fire beating the DEVIL'S TATTOO 
upon the chimney-piece. 

1855. THACKERAY, The Ne^vcomes, 
II., 130. Lady Kew (log.)'. 'Have you 
been quarrelling as much as usual ? ' ' Pretty 
much as usual,' says Barnes, drumming on 
his hat. ' Don't beat that DEVIL'S TATTOO.' 

DEVIL'S TEETH, See DEVIL'S 
BONES. 

[Also to note in this connexion are 
DEVIL'S OWN BOY = a young blackguard ; 

IMP OF THE DEVI L= /<&;; DEVIL'S OWN 

SHIP = a pirate ; DEVIL'S OWN LUCK = un- 
common, or inexplicable, good fortune ; 

TO LEAD ONE THE DEVIL'S OWN DANCE = 

to baffle one in the pursuit of any object ; 

THE DEVIL A BIT SAYS PUNCH = a jocular 

yet decided negative ; and NEAT BUT NOT 

GAUDY, AS THE DEVIL SAID WHEN HE 
PAINTED HIS BOTTOM PINK AND TIED UP 
HIS TAIL WITH PEA GREEN, a locution 

employed of aged ladies dressed in flaming 
colours.] 

DEVILTRY, subs. (low). A vulgar 
form of ' devilry. ' 

DEVOR, subs. (Charterhouse). 
Plum Cake. [From the Latin.] 

DEVOTIONAL-HABITS, subs, (stable). 
Said of a horse that is apt to 
'say his prayers,' i.e. y to stumble 
and go on his knees. 

DEW -BEATERS, -DUSTERS, or 
-TREADERS, subs. (old). - i. 
Pedestrians out early in the morn- 
ing, i.e., before the dew is off 
the ground. 

1692. HACKET, Life of Williams, i. , 
57. It is not equity at lust and pleasure 
that is moved for, but equity according to 
decrees and precedents foregoing, as the 
DEW-BEATERS have trod their way for 
those that come after them. 

2. (common). The feet. [An 
extension of sense I.] For syno- 
nyms, see CREEPERS. 



Dew-Bit. 



279 



Dial. 



1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

1823. SCOTT, Peveril, ch. xxxvi. 
First hold out your DEW-BEATERS till I 
take off the darbies. Is that usual ? said 
Peveril, stretching out his feet. 

3. (tramps'). Shoes. [Cf. t 

senses I and 2.] In Norfolk, 

heavy shoes for wet weather. 
Forby. 

DEW- BIT, subs. (common). A 
snack before breakfast. Cf., 
DEW-DRINK and DEW-BEATERS. 

DEW-DRINK, sttbs. (common). 
A drink before breakfast. Cf., 
DEW-BIT and DEW-BEATERS. 
Fr., itne goutte pour tuer le ver, 
i.e., 'to drown the maggot,' or 
'to crinkle the worm.' Not, of 
course, the 'early worm of the 
proverb, but his spiritual cousin, 
the worm that never dies. 

DEWITT, verb (old). To lynch. 
[The two De Witts, opponents 
of William of Orange, were 
massacred by the mob in 1672, 
without subsequent enquiry.] Cf., 
BOYCOTT, BURKE, CELLIER. 

1690. Modest Enquiry into the Present 
Disasters (Life of Ken, p. 561). It is a 
wonder the English Nation . . . have not 
in their fury DE-WITTED some of these men 
who have brought all this upon us. And I 
must tell them that the crimes of the two 
unhappy brothers in Holland (which gave 
rise to that word) were not fully so great 
as some of theirs. 

b. 1664, d. 1721. PRIOR, The Viceroy. 
To her I leave thee, gloomy peer, Think 
on thy crimes committed ; Repent, and be 
for once sincere, Thou ne'er wilt be 

DE-WITTED. 

1849-1861. MACAULAY, Hist, of Eng- 
land. One writer . . . expressed his 
wonder that the people had not . . . DE- 
WITTED the nonjuring prelates. 

DEWSE-A-VYLE. The country. 
See DAISYVILLE. Cf., ROM-VILE 
= London. 

1567. HARM AN, Caveat, etc., s.v. 
1609. DEKKER. Lanthome and Candle- 



light, in wks. (Grosart), iii., 200, s.v. 
1(510. ROWLANDS, Martin Mark-all, p. 
38. (H. Club's Repr., 1874), s.v. 1714. 
Memoirs of John Hall(^\\. ed.), p. 12, s.v. 

DEWSKITCH, subs, (tramps'). A 
thrashing. For synonyms, sec 
TANNING. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. i., p. 244. It means a 
DEWSKITCH (a good thrashing). 

Di AL or DIAL- PL ATE, stibs. (common). 
The face. To TURN THE 

HANDS ON THE DIAL = tO dis- 
figurt: the face. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Fron- 
tispiece ; gills (the jaws) ; chump 
(also the head) ; phiz ; physog ; 
mug; jib; chivy, or chevy; roach 
and dace (rhyming) ; signboard ; 
door-plate ; front-window. 

FRL. CH SYNONYMS. La 
binette (familiar : quelle sale binette 
= what an ugly mug) ; un abces 
(pop. = ( a. red or bloated face'); 
la fertille (thieves' : also straw) ; 
la fiole (fam. = phial) ; la bobine 
(pop : from O. F. bobe = 
grimace) ; une balle d'antour 
(prostitutes' : a handsome face) ; 
une balle (pop. : also = a franc 
piece and head) ; tine giutouse 
(thieves') ; tine gargotiille, gar- 
gouine, or garble (popular) ; une 
gargarousse (thieves ' ) ; une gar- 
gagoitche (thieves') ; une frime 
(thieves' : une frime a la manque 
= ugly face). 

GERMAN SYNONYMS. Bonum 
or Bun em (Hanoverian : from 
Heb. /<?;w = face) ; Ponim (see 
preceding) ; Rauner (also = the 
eye ; im Ratiner halten = to keep 
an eye upon one). 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Berlo ; 
baleffo (literally, a gash or scar : 
primarily =the mouth). 



Dials. 



280 



Dick. 



SPANISH SYNONYMS. El 
mundo (also the world) ; el gem e 
(a woman's face. Properly, the 
space between the extended ends 
of thumb, and forefinger). 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

1889. Bird o' Freedom, 7 Aug., p. 3. 
An absinthe tumbler which caught him a 
nasty crack across the DIAL finally con- 
vinced hi;n that discretion was the better 
part of valour. 

1890. Polytechnic Magazine, 21 
March. ' Boxing Brutalities.' Now if 
there ,is a rule that no competitor may 
strike another with a force greater than a 
fixed number of pounds, it will be easy to 
disqualify a man whose opponent's DIAL 
shows a greater amount of punishment. 

DIALS, subs, (prison). Convicts 
and thieves hailing from Seven 
Dials. 

DIAMOND-CRACKING, subs. (Aus- 
tralian thieves'). I. Stonebreak- 
ing. 

1885. Australian Printers Keep- 
sake. He caught a month, and had to 
white it out at DIAMOND-CRACKING in 
Castieu's Hotel [Melbourne Gaol]. 

2. (English miners'). Work- 
ing in a coal mine. Cf., BLACK 
DIAMONDS. 

DIBBLE, subs, (common). The 
penis. For synonyms, see CREAM- 
STICK. 

DIBS or DIBBS, subs, (common). 
Generic for money. [Said to be 
a corruption of diobs^ i.e.) diobolus, 
a classic coin = 2^d. Another 
derivation is from the huckle- 
bones of sheep, popularly DIBBS, 
used for gambling; Scots 'chuc- 
kies.'j For synonyms, see ACTUAL 
and GILT. To BRUSH WITH THE 
DIBS = to abscond with the cash ; 

TO TIP OVER THE DIBS = to pay 

down or ' shell out ' ; To FLASH 
THE DIBS = to show money, etc. 



1837. BARHAM, /. L. {Dead Drum- 
mer). One of their drummers, and one 
Sergeant Matcham, Had BRUSH'D WITH 
THE DIBS, and they never could catch 'em. 

1842. Comic Almanack, p. 313. Go- 
vernor, Science can't be purchased with- 
out DIBBS. When we want subjects we 
must shell out. 

1862. Penny Newspaper. The other 
informed him that if he did not TIP OVER 

THE DIBS he would blow his brains 

out. 

1880. Punch's Almanack, p. 7. Time 
to think about my outing. No DIBS yet, 
though, so it's no use shouting. 

1887. W. E. HENLEY, Villon s Straight 
Tip. The merry little DIBBS you'll bag. 

DICE. To BOX THE DICE, verb. 
phr. (legal). To carry a point 
by tricking or swindling. 

DICK, subs, (common). I. A 
dictionary; a RICHARD (q.v.} ; 
also, by implication, fine language 
or long words. See SWALLOW 
THE DICK. 

I860. HALIBURTON ('Sam. Slick'), 
The Season Ticket, No. xii. Ah, now you 
are talking ' Die.,' exclaimed Peabody, and 

I can't follow you. When I talk You 

use the -vulgar tongue, retorted the Senator. 

2. (coachman's). A riding 
whip. 

3. (military). The penis. 
For synonyms, see CREAMSTICK. 

4. (common). An affidavit. 

1861. BUTTON COOK, Paul Foster's 
Daughter, ch. xxvi. No. I'd take my 
dying DICK he hasn't got a writ in his 
pocket, or he couldn't move along so easy 
as that. 

5. 'American). An Irish 
Catholic. See CRAWTHUMPER. 

Verb (thieves'). To look ; to 
PIPE (q.v.} ; e.g., the bulky's 
DICKING = the policeman is 
watching you. [From the gypsy 
dikk.~\ Fr., gaffer. For syno- 
nyms, see PIPE. 



Dickens. 



281 



Dickey. 



DICK IN THE GREEN, phr. 
(thieves'). Weak; inferior. Cf., 
DICKY. 

1812. VAUX, Memoirs, s.v. 

IN THE REIGN OF QUEEN 
DICK, adv. , phr. (common). 
Never ; ' when two Sundays come 
in a week.' For synonyms, see 
GREEK KALENDS. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicutn, s.v. 

1864. Standard, 13 Dec., Rev. of SI. 
Dicy. Moreover . . a few days since, a 
'bus driver in altercation with his conduc- 
tor, who threatened him with paying off 
soon, replied, ' Oh yes, IN THE REIGN OF 
QUEEN DICK,' which, on inquiry we found 
to be synonymous with ' Never,' or ' Tib's 
eve.' 

TO SWALLOW THE DlCK, Vtrb. 

phr. (common). To use long 
words without knowledge of their 
meaning ; TO HIGH FALUTE 
(American). 

UP TO DICK, adv. phr. 
(common). Not to be 'taken in' ; 
'artful' ; ' fly ' ; wide-awake. For 
synonyms, see DOWNY. Also = 
up to the mark, i.e., perfectly 
satisfactory. 

1877. J. GREENWOOD, Under the 
Blue Blanket. 'Ain't that UP TO DICK, 
my biffin ? ' 'I never said it warn't.' 

1887. Wal/ora's Antiquarian, April, 
p. 251. Betwixt you and me I think 

Sm'll agree That of course I look ' UP TO 
ICK.' 

DICKENS, subs. (old). The DEVIL 
(q.v.} or DEUCE (q.v.} ; used 
interchangeably. [A corruption 
of NICK (q.v.).'} For synonyms, 
see SKIPPER. 

1596. SHAKSPEARE, Merry Wives of 
Windsor, Act III., Sc. ii. I cannot tell 
what the DICKENS his name is. 

1653. UROUHART, Rabelais, bk. I., 
prol. (Bohn), vol. I., p. 99. But hearken, 
joltheads, you vie-dayes, or DICKENS take 
ye. 

1727. JOHN GAY, Beggars Opera, 
Act I. Sc. i. Peach. What a DICKENS is 



the woman always whimpering about 
murder for ! No gentleman is ever looked 
upon the worse for killing a man in his 
own defence. 

1754. FOOTE, Knights, Act II. 
Mally Pengrouse ! Who the DICKENS is 
she? 

1824. R. B. PEAKE, Americans 
Abroad, i., 1. Oh ! the DICKENS I'm 
stunded. 

1880. G. R. SIMS, Zeph. ch. xv. 
' Inez is fretting after Pedro,' he said to 
himself, ' but what the DICKENS is Totty 
blubbering about?' 

1889. C. H ADDON CHAMBERS, Ne'er- 
do-Well, 'In Australian Wilds.' What 
the DICKENS could I do ? I believe I swore 
a little at first, and then I flourished my 
whip. 

DICKER, subs, and verb : also 
DICKERING, subs. (American). 
Barter ; SWAP (q.v.) : generally 
applied to trade in small articles. 

1830. COBBETT, in Rural Rides, I., 
199 (1886). It is barter, truck, change, 
DICKER, as the Yankees call it, but, as our 
horse-jockeys call it, swap, or chop. 

1831-90. WHITTIER, Poems. For 
peddling DICKER, not for honest sales. 

1888. New York Weekly Times, 28 
March. He had perhaps been considering 
the advisability of making a DICKER with 
his old political opponents in the hope of 
bettering his condition. 

1888. Denver Republican, 7 April. 
After some DICKERING a style of coffin 
was selected and a price decided upon. 

DICKEY, subs. (old). i. A woman's 
under petticoat. 
1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

2. (common). A donkey. 

b. 1766, d. 1823. BLOOMFIELD, 
Richard and Kate. But now, as at some 
nobler places Amongst the leaders 'twas 
decreed Time to begin the DICKY races, 
More famed for laughter than for speed. 

1841. JOHN MILLS, Old Eng. Gentle- 
man, ch. vii., p. 60 (3rd ed.). A young 
DICKEY, in the full kick of youth, mistook 
some sweet briar for a thistle. 

3. (common). A sham shirt 
front, formerly a worn-out shirt. 



Dickey. 



282 



Dickey-bird. 



Cf., sense 4. [Hotten : originally 
TOMMY (from "the Greek, ropr], 
a section), a word once used 
in Trinity College, Dublin.] 
Also, by implication, any sham 
contrivance ; see quots. 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
I., 82, note. DICKEY : cant for a worn- 
out shirt. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. A 
sham shirt. 

1835-40. HALIBURTON, Clockmaker, 
2 S., ch. ix. She made frill, shirt-collar, 
and DICKY fly like snow. 

1836. WILLIS GAYFORD CLARKE, The 
Olio. Podriana Papers. For a handkerchief 
I had flourished a common DICKEY, the 
strings whereof fell to my feet. 

1848. THACKERAY, Book of Snobs, 
ch. xx. Those wretched Beaux Tibbs's of 
society, who sport a lace DICKEY, and no- 
thing besides. 

1857. HOOD, Pen and Pencil Pic- 
tures^ p. 206. Do not take off that article 
of apparel which Fanny Fern distinguishes 
by a name which, on this side the Atlantic, 
is the familiar for a YOUTHFUL RICHARD. 
Spare it, we say . . . although it may be 
(and we guess, from the absence of cuffs 
and sleeves, it is) an imitation, a sham, a 
make-shift ! 

1872. Public Opinion, 24 ^Feb., 
p. 241. 'Inside Newgate.' What is she 
here for? I asked, pointing to a florid- 
looking girl who was taking a deep 
professional interest in ironing a DICKEY. 

1876. JAS. GREENWOOD, Low Life 
Deeps. ' I saw a laden waggon bearing 
the name of one of the cheap advertising 
firms you speak of.' . , . ' Ah, bearing the 
name . . . you saw a waggon wearing a 
DICKY, you mean a false front-plate with 
a name on it which slips on and off like 
them on the wans that the pianoforte- 
makers borrow. ' 

1883. JAS. GREENWOOD, 'Veteran 
of Vauxhall,' in Odd People in Odd Places, 
p. 38. Besides these articles there was a 
pair of what had once been white linen 
cuffs, a DICKEY of the same dubious 
complexion, and a white tie. 

4. (American : New England). 
A shirt collar. De Vere. Cf., 
sense 3. 

5. (nautical). A ship's officer 
or mate ; generally, SECOND 
DICKEY, i.e., second mate. 



6. (London). A swell, 
synonyms, see DANDY. 



For 



7. (schoolboys'). The penis. 

Adj. (common). I. Sorry ; 
inferior; paltry and poor in quality. 
DICKEY DOMUS (theatrical) = a 
poor 'house.' 

2. (London). Smart. A 
corruption of UP TO DICK (q.v.). 
Cf., subs., sense 6. 

ALL DICKEY WITH [ONE], adv. 
phr. (common). Queer; gone 
wrong ; ' all up with. ' 

1811. POOLE, Hamlet Travestied, 
III., vi. O, Hamlet ! 'tis ALL DICKEY 
WITH us both You've done my business by 
a blow, 'tis true ; But I Oh ! I have 
done the same for you. 

1819. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memorial, 
p. 21. 'Twas ALL DICKY WITH Georgy, 
his mug hung so dead. 

1837. THACKERAY, in Frasers 
Magazine, 10 Oct. Sam, the stable boy 
[who from living chiefly among the hosses 
and things has got a sad low way of talk- 
ing], said it was ALL DICKY, and bid us 
drive on to the nex' page. 

1837. BARHAM, /. L. (Brothers of 
Birchington). Here a monk, whose teeth 
funk and concern made to chatter, Sobs 
put as he points to the corpse on the floor, 
'Tis ALL DICKEY WITH poor Father Dick 
he's no more ' 

1882. Daily Telegraph, 3 Oct., p. 2, 
col. 2. I was coolly told that ' anyhow, all 
the actual meat there was in, say half a 
pound of cheap German sausage, couldn't 
do any one much harm if it was ever so 
DICKY.' 

DICKEY-BIRD, subs, (common). i. 
A louse. For synonyms, see 
CHATES. 

2. pi. (theatrical) Professional 
singers of all grades. 

3. (venery). A prostitute; 
generally NAUGHTY DICKY-BIRD. 
For synonyms, see BARRACK-HACK 
and TART. 

c. 1830. Broadside Ballad, GEORGE 
BARN WELL. When he had put the shutters 



Dickey -Diaper. 



283 



Didoes. 



up He went to see his DICKEY-BIRD, And 
when he came back next morning, Blowed 
if he could speak a word. 

DICKEY-DIAPER, subs. (old). A 
linendraper. 

DICKEY-DIDO, subs, (popular). An 
idiot. For synonyms, see BUFFLE 
and CABBAGE-HEAD. 

DICKEY-LAGGER, subs, (common). 
A bird catcher. [From DICKEY, 
a pet name for a bird + LAGGER, 
one who lays hold of.] 

1881. W. BLACK, Beautiful Wretch, 
ch. xviii. 'They're starved out in this 
weather, Miss ; and then the boys come out 
wi' their guns ; and the DICKY-LAGGERS 
are after them too.' 'The what? 1 'The 
bird-catchers, Miss.' 

DICKEY-SAM, subs. phr. (common). 
A native of Liverpool. 

1870. Atheneeum, 10 Sept. We can- 
not even guess why a Liverpool man is 
called a DICKEY SAM. 

1884. Book Lore, Dec., p. 27. The 
natives of Liverpool call themselves, or are 
called by others, DICKY SAMS. 

DICKY, sttbs. (Scots'). I. Thepems. 
For synonyms, see CREAMSTICK. 

2. See DICK in all senses. 



DIDDIES, subs, (common). The 
paps. For synonyms, see DAIRY. 

DIDDLE, stibs. (old). I. Gin. For 
synonyms, see DRINKS. In 
America, liquor generally. 

1858. H. MAYHEW, Paved-with Gold, 
bk. iii., ch. i, p. 252. And there's a first- 
rate ' DIDDLE cove ' (publican) keeps a gin- 
shop there. 

2. (schoolboys'). The penis. 
For synonyms, see CREAMSTICK. 

3. (common). A swindle or 
'do.' See verb, sense I. 



1885. Punch, 5 Sept., p. no. And 
something whispered me in diction chaste 
It's all a DIDDLE! 

Verb (common). I. To cheat. 
For synonyms, see STICK. 

1811. POOLE, Hamlet Travestied. 

1819. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memorial, 
i. DIDDLING your subjects, and gutting 
ftuxtfeta, 

1825. SCOTT, St. Ronan's Well, 
ch. v. And Jack is DIDDLED, said the 
Baronet. 

1841. Comic Almanack, p. 266. 
Thus, while pig and tail the villagers 
DIDDLE, My tale's in the middle, my tale's 
in the middle ! 

1880. HAWLEY SMART, Social Sin- 
ners, ch. xv. He had me, and no mistake. 
Done, yes, DIDDLED; and I thought I had 
rather an easy-going lawyer to deal with. 

1887. Lie. Viet. Gazette, 2 Dec , 
362, i. You have been done, regularly 
DIDDLED, by that fellow. 

2. (venery). To copulate. Cf. t 
DIDDLE, subs., sense 2. For 
synonyms, see RIDE. 

3. (Scots' colloquial). To 
shake. 

DlDDLE-CoVE, subs. (American). 
A landlord. Cf. t DIDDLER. 

1859. MATSELL, Rogues Lexicon, 



DIDDLER, subs, (common). A 
cheat ; a dodger. [From DIDDLE 
(q.v.) + ER.] For synonyms, 
seeRooK. See JEREMY DIDDLER 
(KENNY'S Raising the Wind}. 
Also a chronic borrower. DID- 
DLING = cheating ; also borrow- 
ing. 

DIDDLY-POUT, subs, (venery). The 
feua&ttudendum. For synonyms, 
see MONOSYLLABLE. 

DIDOES, subs. (American). Pranks; 
tricks ; fantastic proceedings. 
See CuTDiDOES,and CUTCAPERS. 



Die. 



284 



Dig. 



1835. HALIBURTON, Clockmaktr. i S., 
ch, xvii. I met a man this mornin" . . . 
frum Halifax, a real conceited lookin' 
critter as you e'enamost ever seed, all 
shines and DIDOES. 

1851. New York Tribune, 10 April, 
Had the Free States been manly enough, 
true enough, to enact the Wilmot Proviso 
as to all present or future territories of the 
Union, we should have had just the same 
DIDOES CUT UP by the chivalry that we 
have witnessed, and with no more damage 
to the Union. 



Di E or D E,sul>s. (American thieves'). 
A pocket-book. MATSELL'S 
Vocabulum [ 1859]. For synonyms, 
see LEATHER. 

DIE-BY-THE - HEDGE, subs. phr. 

(provincial). The flesh of animals 
' deceased by accident or of 

disease; by implication, inferior 

meat. 

DIE-HARDS, subs, (military). The 
Fifty- Seventh Foot. [From the 
rallying call at Albuera (181 1) its 
Colonel (Inglis) calling to the men, 
'Diehard, my men, die hard,' when 
it had thirty bullets through the 
King's Colour, and only had one 
officer out of twenty-four, and one 
hundred and sixty-eight men out 
of five hundred and eighty-four, 
when left standing.] 

DIE IN ONE'S BOOTS or SHOES, 

verb. phr. (old). I. To be hanged. 
For synonyms, see LADDER. 

1653. URQUHART, Rabelais. 

1837. R. H. B ARM AM, Ingoldsby 
Legends. ' The Execution ' (ed. 1862), 
p. 196. And there is McFuze And 
Lieutenant Tregooze, And there is Sir 
Carnaby Jenks of the Blues All come to 
see a man DIE IN HIS SHOES. 

1888. Denver Republican, 9 April. 
When in liquor he was quarrelsome and 
the prediction was commonly made that 
he would DIE WITH HIS BOOTS ON. 



2. (American). --To 'die stand- 
ing': at work, 'in harness,' in 
full possession of one's faculties. 



1887. Scribners Magazine. These 
stiff prairie plants sever wilt- they DIE IN 

THEIR BOOTS. 

1888. Cincinnatti Enquirer, Title : 
DIED WITH HIS BOOTS ON. The killing of 
the notorious Desperado Leo Renfro. 

DIE WITH ONE'S EARS STUFFED 
WITH COTTON. See COTTON. 

DlG,stibs. (colloquial). I. A blow, 
thrust, punch, or poke ; in pugil- 
ism = a ' straight left-hander ' 
delivered under the guard on the 
'mark.' 

1819. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memorial, 
p. 51. While ribbers rung from each re- 
sounding frame, and divers DIGS, and many 
a ponderous ///. 

1876. C. W. WALL, trans. Molierc, 
vol. i., p. 80. The DIGS in the ribs I gave 
you with such hearty good will. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Auc- 
tioneer ; biff; bang ; buck-horse ; 
buster; chatterer; chin-chopper; 
chopper; clip; click; clinker; clout; 
cock ; cork ; comber ; cuff ; cant ; 
corker ; dab ; downer ; douser ; 
ding ; domino ; floorer ; ferrica- 
douzer ; fibbing; facer ; flush-hit; 
finisher ; gooser ; hot 'un ; jaw- 
breaker ; lick ; mendoza; muzzier; 
noser; nobbier; nose-ender ; nope ; 
oner ; punch ; stock-dollager ; 
stotor ; spank ; topper ; twister ; 
whack ; wipe. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un 
coup oTencensoir (popular : a tap 
on the nose ; ' one on the 
smeller ' ) ; tin cotip de tampon 
(pop. : tampon buffer) ; un 
coup de Garibaldi (thieves' : 
a butt in the stomach) ; 101 
moule de gant (popular : ' a mould 
for a glove ') ; line mornifle (col- 
loquial : 'a wipe in the jaw') ; 



Dig. 



28 q 



Diggings. 



une mandole (popular) ; tine gnole 
(popular : from torgnole] ; un coup 
de gilquin (popular) ; un cata- 
plasme de Venise (popular) ; un 
gnon (popular) ; une dariole 
(pop. : also, a cream -cake) ; une 
beugne (popular) ; une dandine 
(popular : ' a twister ' ) ; une baffre 
( popular) ; des castagnettes 
(military: punches); une ch&taigne 
(popular) ; unecouleur (popular) ; 
une bottjfe (popular : &w^& = gust 
or blast) ; un cabochon (popular) ; 
un estaffion (popular) ; une eslaphe 
(popular) ; une accolade ; une balle 
de coton (thieves'). See also TAN, 
verb. 

GERMAN SYNONYM. Azkes 
malaikes ( Viennese thieves' : = a 
blow with the fist on the throat. 
The derivation may be : azke 
from Ileb. osak, to quarrel + 
malaikes from Heb. melocho, 
work). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Duros 
(whip-strokes; also = harsh, merci- 
less) ; tapaboca (a ' corker ' : also 
any action or observation which 
cuts one short) ; pasagonzalo (a 
quick hit) ; capon (generally 
colloquial) ; chamorrada (a butt 
with the head) ; mojada (a stab) ; 
zttmbido or zumbo (literally, a 
humming or buzzing) ; tantarantin 
(a thwack ; also = beat of a 
drum) ; tarja (also = a target). 

ITALIAN SYNONYM. Ramen- 
ghi d'alta foia (blows with a 
stick). 

2. (American). A diligent 
student. [By implication from 
the verb (q.v.) ; also study ; e.g., 
To have a DIG at Caesar or Livy. 

Verb (American) To work 
hard ; especially to study. 

1876. Miss ALCOTT, Little Wives, 
ch, jx. He . . . turned studious, and gave 



out that he was going to DIG, intending to 
graduate in a blaze of glory. 

DIG A DAY UNDER THE SKIN, 

verb. phr. (common). To make 
a shave serve for two days. 

TO DIG UP THE HATCHET. 

See BURY. 

DIGESTER. See PATENT DI- 
GESTER. 

DIGGED. See JIGGED. 

DIGGERS, subs, (common). i. 
Spurs; 'persuaders.' 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Life s Painter, 
P- i?3i s.v. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s.v. 

2. (cards'). The spades suit ; 
alsoDiGGUMS. BiGDiGGER = ace 
of spades. 

3. (vulgar). The finger nails. 
1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, s.v. 

1881. New York Slang Diet. 'On 
the Trail.' 'If you do,' returned Bill, 'I 
will fix my DIGGERS in your dial-plate and 
turn it up with red. 

DIGGERS' -DELIGHT, subs. (New 
Zealand). A wide-brimmed felt 
hat. For synonyms, see GOL- 
GOTHA. 



DIGGINGS, subs, (common). A 
place of residence or employ- 
ment. [First used at the West- 
ern lead mines in the U.S.A. 
to denote whence ore was dug.] 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Birk ; 
box ; case ; crib ; chat ; den ; dry- 
lodgings ; drum ; place ; pig-sty ; 
pew ; cabin ; castle ; chaffing- 
crib; caboose; sky-parlour; shop; 
ken; dossing-ken ; hole ; rook, 
ery ; hutch ; hang-out. 



Diggums. 



Dilly-bag. 



FRENCH SYNONYMS. Une 
bagnole (pop . : from bagne = hulks) ; 
un bazar (military : also, a 
brothel); tin bocal (pop. : also = 
stomach); une baraque (common : 
in disparagement) ; une baite 
(thieves') ; une case (thieves') ; une 
carrce (thieves') ; une cambriole 
(thieves') ; une cambuse (popular) ; 
une condition (thieves') ; un creux 
(thieves') ; une piole or piolle 
(thieves'). 

GERMAN SYNONYM. Bes, 
Beth, or Bajis. 

ITALIAN SYNONYMS. Bac- 
chia ; clocchia or cloccia (also = a 
bell) ; coschetto delle Fantasime. 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. 
Caverna ( ' a cavern ';<:/"., English 
DEN); aduana (also = a brothel, 
and thieves' resort) ; nido (' a 
nest ' ; nido de ladrones, a ' cross- 
drum ' ; a thieves' resort) ; tercha 
('a perch'). 

1838. J. C. NEAL, Charcoal Sketches, 
II., 119. Look here, Ned, I reckon it's 
about time we should go to our DIGGINGS ; 
I am dead beat. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, p. 
171. The miner in California and Nevada 
has been known, in times of a rush, to 
speak of a place where he could stand 
leaning against a stout post, as his 
DIGGINGS for the night. 

1883. Referee, i July, p. 3, col. 2. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bancroft are changing their 
DIGGINGS, and clearing out of Cavendish- 
square. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. viii. Oh, he lives round the 
corner. You may see his DIGGINGS from 
your daughter's bedroom window, sir. 

1888. C. J. DUNPHIE, The 
Chameleon, p. 86. ' DIGGINGS ' I call my 
dwelling, according to the prevalent slang. 

DIGGUMS, subs, (provincial). i. A 
gardener. 

2. (gamesters'). The suit of 
spades ; also DIGGERS (q.v. ). 



DILBERRIES, subs, (common). 
Faecal and seminal deposits in 
the hair of the anus and the 
female pudendum ; CLINKERS. 

DILBERRY-BUSH, subs, (common). 
The hair about the female 
pudendum or the amis. See BIL- 
BERRIES. 

OIL DO, subs. (old). An instrument 
(of wax, horn, leather, india- 
rubber, gutta-percha, etc., and 
other soft material), shaped 
like, and used by women as a 
substitute for, the penis. Now 
called a BROOM - HANDLE or 
BROOMSTICK, the pudendum in 
this connection = BROOM (y.v.). 
[BAILEY: from It., diletto, a 
woman's delight or from DALLY 
= to toy.] In Lombardy, passo 
tempo. 

c. 1672. BUTLER, Dildoides (Occasioned 
by Burning a hogshead of DILDOES at 
Stocks Market). 

1886. BURTON, The Thousand Nights 
and a Night, vol. x, p. 239. Of the /<?/.$ 
succedaneus, that imitation of the A rbor- 
vittf, or Sotor-Kosmou, which the Latins 
called phallus and fascinitin, the French 
godemiche, and the \\.a.\ia.nspassatempoa.\-\<\ 
diletto (whence our DILDO), every kind 
abounds, varying from a stuffed ' French 
Letter ' to a cone of ribbed horn, which 
looks like an instrument of torture. 

Verb (old). To wanton with a 
woman. Cf. t su&s., sense. For 
synonyms, see FIRKYTOODLE. 

DlLLY, subs, (common). A night 
cart ; formerly a coach. [From 
Fr., diligence.'} 

17(?). The Anti-Jacobin. So down 
thy hill, romantic Ashbourne glides, The 
Derby DILLY having four inside. 

1833. MARRYAT, Peter Simple, ch. 
ix. One which they called a DILLY. 

DILLY-BAG, subs. (Australian). A 
wallet ; or scran-bag. 

1880. A. C. GRANT. Their own 
DILLV-BAGS have nothing of value or 
interest in them. 



Dilly-dally. 



287 



Dine. 



DILLY-DALLY, verb (colloquial). 
To loiter ; hesitate ; trifle. [A 
duplication of DALLY.] 

1740. RICHARDSON, Pamela, i., 275. 
What you do, sir, do ; don't stand DILLY- 
DALLYING. 

1750. FIELDING, Tom Jones, bk. 
XVIII., ch. xii. But if I had suffered her 
to stand shill I shall I, DILLY DALLY, you 
might not have had that honour yet awhile. 

1869. W. S. GILBERT, The Bohemian 
Girl. When at a pinch you should never 

DILLY-DALLY. 

DIMBER, adj. (old). Pretty, neat, 
lively. Variants are SCRUMPTIOUS; 
NATTY. Fr., batif(\.\i\e.vQ^);Jignole 
(thieves') ; girofle (thieves'). 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. I., 
ch. v., p. 48 (1874), s.v. 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet., s.v. 

DIMBER CovE=a sprightly 
man, a gentleman: DIMBER MORT 
= a pretty girl. Fr., une largue 
girofle. Cf., DIMBER-DAMBER. 

1837. DISRAELI, Venetia, book I., 
ch. xiv. 'Tis a DIMBER COVE, whispered 
one of the younger men to a companion : 
Ibid, Tip me the clank like a DIMBER 
MORT. 

DIMBER-DAMBER, subs. (old). A 
captain of thieves or vagrants. 
[From DIMBER (q.v.), skilful, 
etc., + DAMBER (q.v.), a chief 
or head man.] 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogtte, 
pt. i, ch. v., p. 48(1874). 

1724. E. COLES, Eng. Diet. 

]749. Life of Bampfylde-Moore 
Careiv, ' Oath of the Canting Crew.' . . No 
DIMBER DAMBER, angler, dancer, prig of 
cackler, prig of prancer. 

1834. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood, 
bk. III., ch. v. No; no refusal, exclaimed 
a chorus of voices. Dick Turpin must be 
one of us. He shall be our DIMBER 

DAMBER. 

DIM MOCK, subs, (common). -Money. 
For synonyms, see ACTUAL and 
GILT, 



1834. H. AINSWORTH, Rookwood, 
bk. IV., ch. i. ' I have . . . pocketed the 
DIMMOCK (here 'tis," continued he, paren- 
thetically slapping his pockets). 

DINAHS, subs. (Stock-Exchange). 
Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway 
Ordinary Stock. 

DiNARLYor DlNALi, stibs. (theatri- 
cal). Money. For synonyms, see 
ACTUAL and GILT. NANTEE 
or NANTI DiNARLY = no money. 
Sp., dinero; Lingua Franca, 
niente dmaro = not a penny. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. III., p. 149. ' I have 
got no money ' is, ' My nabs has nanti 
DINALI ' [among strolling actors]. 

1870. South London Press, 8 Oct., 
Advt. So don't forget when you've the 
tin To here spend your ' DINARLHY." 

DlNE-OUT, verb. phr. (common). 
To go dinnerless, TO DINE WITH 
DUKE HUMPHREY (q.v.). Vari- 
ants : TO TAKE A SPITALFIELDS' 

BREAKFAST (q.V.) t or AN IRISH- 
MAN'S DINNER (q.V.), also TO GO 
OUT AND COUNT THE RAILINGS 
(q.v.). Fr., Se coucher bredouille 
= to go to bed supperless ; aller 
voir defilerles dragons = \.o go and 
watch the dragoons march past ; 
diner en ville = \.o dine in town, 
i.e., to munch a roll in the 
street or to eat nothing; lire le 
journal. 

1888. All the Year Round, 9 June, 
p. 542. To ' dine with Duke Humphrey, 
or, as it is now sometimes more shortly 
phrased, to ' DINE OUT,' in both cases 
meaning not to dine at all 

DINEWITH DUKE HUMPHREY, verb, 
phr. (old). To go dinnerless ; to 
DINE OUT (q.v.}. [Origin un- 
certain ; supposed, however, to 
refer to Humphrey, Duke of 
Gloucester, the youngest son of 
Henry the Fourth, who, though 
really buried at St. Alban's, was 
reputed to have a monument in 



Dine. 



288 



Ding. 



Old St. Paul's, from which one 
part of the church was termed 
Duke Humphrey's Walk. Old 
Paul's was a regular promenade, 
especially for lackeys out of livery, 
and ruffians and sea-captains out 
of luck. Thus Falstaff explains 
of Bardolph that he ' got him in 
Paul's,' while Jonson actually lays 
the scene of Every Man Out of His 
Humour (1599), in 'The Middle 
Aisle of St. Paul's,' to introduce 
his cavaliero Shift. Shift and 
Bardolph, in fact, were what is 
now called ' inspectors of public 
buildings ' ; they walked in Paul's 
on the chance of a pick -up, and they 
dined by looking at the monu- 
ments. The Bodleian Library 
was founded by the same Duke 
Humphrey, and the Gentleman^ s 
Mag. (1794, p. 529) records that 
when a student stayed on during 
the dinner hour, at which time it 
used to be closed, he was said to 
DINE WITH DUKE HUMPHREY. 
An alternative traces the saying to 
the report that Duke Humphrey 
was starved to death. Chambers, in 
his Historical Sketch of St. Giles's 
Cathedral, Edinburgh, records a 
similar pleasantry concerning the 
tomb of the Earl of Murray, 
and quotes a Scots poet, one 
Sempill (i6th cent.), who makes 
a hungry idler say : I dined with 
saints and gentlemen, E'en sweet 
St. Giles and the Earl of Murray. 
See WHARTON, Hist, of Eng. 
Poetry '(ed. 1824), vol. IV., p. 361. 

1592. NASHE, Pierce Penilesse, in 
wks., ii., 1 8. I .... retired me to 
Paules, to seeke my dinner WITH DUKE 
HUMFREY. 

1592. GAB. HARVEY, Four Letters. 
To seek his dinner in Poules WITH DUKE 
HUMPHREY. 

1608. The Penniless Parliament of 
Threadbare Poets. And if I prove not 
that a mince-pie is the better weapon, let 
meoiNEtwiceaweek ATDuKEHuMPHRY's 

TABLE, 



1664. H. PEACHAM, Worth of a 
Penny ; in Arber's Garner, vol. VI., p. 273. 
Who, having been troubled with over 
much money, afterward, in no long time, 
have been fain, after ' A LONG DINNER 
WITH DUKE HUMPHREY,' to take a nap on 
' penniless bench,' only to verify the old 
proverb, ' A fool and his money is soon 
parted.' 

1748. SMOLLETT, Rod. Random, 
ch. Iv. My mistress and her mother must 
have DINED WITH DUKE HUMPHREY, had 
I not exerted myself in their behalf. 

1884. Daily Telegraph, 22 Jan., p. 
5, col. 3. In future, not even the most 
impecunious of diners-out must accept an 
invitation from DUKE HUMPHREY. 

DING, verb (Old Cant, in some 
senses). Used as a colloquialism 
(as in Scott) it signifies to 
knock, to strike down, to pound 
or (as in quot., 1786) to give 
way : while in slang it means 
to get rid of; to pass to a con- 
federate ; ' to steal by a single 
effort.' To DING A CASTOR = to 
snatch a hnt and run with it : the 
booty being DINGED if it has to 
be thrown away. GOING UPON 
THE DING = to go on the prowl. 
DING THE TOT ! = Run away 
with the lot ! 

c. 1340. HAMPOLE, Pricke of Con- 
science, 7015 (ed. Morris). Right swa pe 
devels salle ay DYNG, on pe synfulle, with- 
outen styntyng. 

1600. Sir John Oldcastle, Act III., 
Sc. ii. For the credit of Dunstable, DING 
down the money to-morrow. 

1610. JONSON, Alchemist, V., Hi. 
Sur. [without]. Down with the door. 
Kas. [without], 'Slight, DING it open. 

1773. O. GOLDSMITH, She Stoops to 
Conquer, Act II. If I'm to have any good, 
let it come of itself; not to keep DINGING 
it, DINGING it into one so. 

1786. BURNS, A Dream. But facts 
are chiels that winna DING. 

1821. PIERCE EGAN, Tom and Jerry 
[ed. 1890], p. 78. Oh I took him such a 
lick of his mummer, and DINGED his rattle 
clean out of his hand. 

b. 1793, d. 1872. DEAN RAMSEY. Our 
meenister's DINGED the guts' out of twa 
Bibles. 



Ding-Bat. 



289 



Dip. 



1846. DICKENS, Dombey, ch. ix., p. 
74. These were succeeded by anchor and 
chain-cable forges, where sledge hammers 
were DINGING upon iron all day long. 

DING- BAT, subs. (American). 
Money. For synonyms, see ACTUAL 
and GILT. 

DING-BOY, subs, (old). A rogue; 
a bully. 
1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 



DING-DONG. To GO AT IT, or TO 

IT, DING-DONG, verb. phr. (collo- 
quial). To tackle with vigor, or 
in right good earnest. Formerly, 
helter-skelter, (GROSE, 1785). 

1887. H. SMART, Saddle and Sabre, 
ch. xx. For the next hundred yards it was 
a DING-DONG struggle between them. 

DINGE, subs. (Royal Military 
Academy). A picture or paint- 
ing. 

DINGED, adj. (American). A eu- 
phemism for ' darned ' = dammed. 
Sometimes DING-GONED. See 
OATHS. 

DINGER, subs, (old). I. A thief 
who throws away his booty to 
escape detection. [From DING 
(g.v.) y to throw away + ER.] 

2. in//, (conjurers').- Cups and 
balls ; Fr., gobelets et muscades. 

DING- FURY, subs, (provincial). 
Huff; anger. 

DING-GONED. See DINGED. 

DINGLE, adj. (old). Hackneyed ; 
used up. 

1786. The Microcosm, No. 3. Your 
Mic is dead-lounge dissipates insufferable 
ennui of tea-table, fills 1 oring intervals of 



conversazione, ... By the by, in your 
next propose some new lounge. They are 
all so DINGLE at present, they are quite a 
bore. 

DINING-ROOM, subs, (common). 
The mouth. For synonyms, 
see POTATO-TRAP. 

DINING-ROOM CHAIRS, subs, 
phr. (common). The teeth ; 
also DINNER-SET (q.v.). For 
synonyms, see GRINDERS. 

DINING-ROOM POST, subs. phr. 
(old). Petty pilfering done from 
houses by sham postmen. 

DINK, adj. (Scots' colloquial). 
Dainty ; trim. 

1794. BURNS, My Lady's Gown. My 
lady's DINK, my lady's drest. 

DINNER-SET, subs, (common). 
The teeth. ' Your DINNER-SET 
wants looking to ' = you need to 
go to the dentist. For synonyms, 
see GRINDERS. 

DIP, s^ibs. (thieves'). I. A pick- 
pocket; also DIPPER and DIPPING- 
BLOKE. For synonyms, see STOOK- 
HAULER. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, p. 26, 
s.v. 

1866. NWCE., The Chickaleary Cove. 
Off to Paris I shall go to show a thing or 
two To the DIPPING-BLOKES wot hangs 
about the cafes. 

1888. St. Louis Globe Democrat. A 
DIP touched the Canadian sheriff for his 
watch and massive chain while he was 
reading the Riot Act. 

2. (American). A stolen kiss, 
especially one in the dark. 

3. (Westminster School). A 
pocket inkstand. 

4. (colloquial). A candle made 
by dipping the wick in tallow. 

19 



Dipe. 



290 



Dirt-scraper. 



1837. BARHAM, I. L. (Ingoldsby 
Penance.") None of your rascally DIPS, 
but sound, Best superfine wax-wicks, four 
to the pound. 

Verb (thieves'). I. To pick 
pockets. To DIP A LOB = to rob 

a till. Also TO GO ON THE DIPE = 

to go pocket-picking. For syno- 
nyms, see FRISK. 

1817. Sporting Mag. Defence of 
Groves at Bristol Assizes. I have DIPPED 
into 150 . . . pockets and not found a 
shilling. 

2. (old). To pawn ; mortgage. 

1693. DRYDEN, Persius, vi., 160. 
Put out the principal in trusty hands : Live 
of the use ; and never DIP thy lands. 

1711. Spectator, No. 114. What 
gives the unhappy man this peevishness of 
spirit is, that his estate is DIPPED, and is 
eating out with usury; and yet he has 
not the heart to sell any part of it. 

1860. THACKERAY, Philip, ch. xiv. 
You have but one son, and he has a fortune 
of his own, as I happen to know. You 
haven't DIPPED it, Master Philip? 

3. (thieves'). To be convicted; 
to get into trouble. 

To DIP ONE'S BEAK, verb. phr. 
(common). To drink. For syno- 
nyms, see LUSH. 



D\PE. -See DIP, verb, sense I. 

1877. S. L.CLEMENS ('Mark Twain') 
Life on the Mississippi, p. 460. i felt 
very rough and was thinking i would have 
TO GO ON THE DIPE again. 

DIPPED IN WING, adv. phr. (popu- 
lar). Worsted. 

DIPPER, subs, (old). i. A baptist. 
[GROSE, 1785.] 

2. See DIP, subs., sense I. 

DIPPING-BLOKE. See DIP, subs., 
sense i. 



DIPS, stibs. (nautical). I. The pur- 
ser's boy. 

2. (colloquial). A grocer. 
DIPSTICK, subs. (old). A gauger. 

DIRK, subs. (Scots'). The penis. 
For synonyms, see CREAMSTICK. 

DIRT, subs. (American). Money. 
For synonyms, see ACTUAL arid 
GILT. 

To EAT DIRT, verb. phr. (collo- 
quial). To submit to insult ; TO 

EAT BROILED CROW, or HUMBLE 

PIE (q.v.) ; to retract. 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. x. Though they bow before a 
calf, is it not a golden one ? though they 
' EAT DIRT,' is it not dressed by a French 
cook? 

1861. New York Evening Post, 4 Jan. 
After EATING so much DIRT, are we asked 
to swallow free soil ? 

To FLING DIRT or MUD, verb, 
phr. (colloquial). To abuse ; to 
vituperate. 

1689. SELDEN, Table Talk, p. 104 
(Arber's edj. One that writes against 
his Adversary, and THROWS all the DIRT 
he can in his Face. 

1705. WARD, Hudibras Redhnvus, 
vol. I., pt. ii., p. ii. Scurrility's a useful 
trick, Approv'd by the most politick ; 
FLING DIRT enough, and some will stick. 

1875. OUIDA, Signa, vol. I., ch. xv., 
p. 358. A wicked old tongue that could 
THROW DIRT with any man's or woman's 
either. 

1885. J. S. WINTER, Booties Baby, 
p. 66. I suppose he wants to daub Booties 
with some of his own MUD. Thinks if he 
only THROWS enough some of it's sure to 
stick. 

To CUT DIRT. See CUT. 

DIRT-BAILLIE, subs. (Scots'). An 
inspector of nuisances. 

DIRT-SCRAPER subs. (American). 
An advocate who rakes up un- 
pleasant facts in a witness's past. 



Dirty-Dishes. 



291 



Dish- Clout. 



DIRTY-DISHES, subs, (common). 
Poor relations. 

DIRTY HALF-HUNDRED, subs. phr. 
(military). The Fiftieth Foot. 
[From the fact that, in action, 
during the Peninsular War, the 
men wiped their faces with their 
black facings.] Also nicknamed 
the BLIND HALF-HUNDRED. 

1841. < LEVER, Charles O'Malley, ch. 
xciv. A kind of neutral tint between green 
and yellow, like nothing I know of except 
the facings of the 'DIRTY HALF-HUNDRED.' 

DIRTY-PUZZLE, subs. (old). A 
slut. Grose [1785]. 

DIRTY SHIRT MARCH, subs. phr. 
(vulgar). On Sunday mornings 
the male population of Drury 
Lane, Whitechapel, and other 
crowded districts loaf about the 
streets, before attiring themselves 
in their Sunday clothes. This 
promenade is called a ' DIRTY 

SHIRT MARCH.' 

DIRTY-SHIRTS, subs, (military). 
The Hundred and First Foot. 
[They fought in their shirt-sleeves 
at Delhi in 1857.] 

1887. Daily Neivs, n July. As 
the old Bengal European Regiment . . . .. 
. . they [the 2nd Munster Fusiliers] had 
won their honourable sobriquet of the 
DIRTY SHIRTS, half-a-century earlier. 

DISGRUNTLED, adj. (old). Offen- 
ded: still colloquial in U.S.A. 
UNDISGRUNTLED = unoffended. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vitlg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1869. Springfield Republican, 20 
Nov. Rev. Dr. Newman Hall, of London, 
tells how when he was journeying to 
Chicago, an apple-peddling boy, on the 
cars, without any preliminaries took hold 
of and immediately examined his breast- 
pin. Nevertheless the reverend gentleman, 
quite UNDISGRUNTLED, remarked, 'Was 
it not there to be seen ? Was he not a man 
and a brother ? ' 



1877. Providence Journal, i March. 
We have had enough exercise of extraor- 
dinary power, and this continual grasping 
after authority for the purpose of meeting 
the individual case of some DISGRUNTLED 
persons should receive the stamp of this 
committee's disapprobation. 

DISGUISED, adj. (old). Drunk. 
For synonyms, see DRINKS and 
SCREWED. 

1622. MASSINGER, Virgin Martyr, 
III., iii. Harp. I am a prince disguised. 
Hir. DISGUISED ! How? Drunk! 

1625. JONSON, Staple of News, IV. 
Come, I will shew you the way home, if 
drink Or too full diet have DISGUISED you. 

1663. DRYDEN, Wild Gallant, Act I. 
Fail. Will not ale serve the turn, Will ? 
Bib. I had too much of that last night ; I 
was a little DISGUISED, as they say. 

1704. STEELE, Lying Lover, Act I'/., 
Sc. i. Sim. You are a little DISGUIS'D in 
Drink tho' Mr. John. 

1773. GOLDSMITH, She Stoops to 
Conquer, Act IV. A damned up and 
down hand, as if it was DISGUISED in 
liquor. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. xvi. I met a third mate I knew, 
slightly DISGUISED in liquor. 

DISH, verb (common). To cheat ; 
to circumvent ; to disappoint ; to 
ruin. 

1798. Monthly Mag. [quoted in N. 
and Q., i S., iv., p. 313. In the Monthly 
Mag.,m. 1798, is a paper on ? peculiarities of 
expression among which are . . . ' done 
up,' DISH'D, etc. 

1811. E. NARES, Thinks I to Myself, 
i., 208. He was completely DISHED he 
could never have appeared again. 

1819. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memorial, 
p. 26. . . . Could old Nap himself, in his 
glory, have wish'd To show up a fat 
Gemman more handsomely DISH'D ? 

1821. MONCRIEFF, Tom and Jerry, 
i. 7. No, I'm out of spirits because I 
have been DISHED and doodled out of forty 
pounds to-day. 

1884. W. C. RUSSELL. Jack's Court- 
ship, ch. xvi. I oughtn't to show a 
youngster like you any sympathy in this 
job of DISHING a parent's hopes. 

DISH-CLOUT, subs, (common). --A 
dirty, slatternly woman. 



Dished. 



292 



Dive. 



TO MAKE A NAPKIN OF ONE'S 
DISH-CLOUT, verb. phr. (old). 
To marry one's cook ; to contract 
a mesalliance. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 



DISHED,///, adj. (printers'). Said 
of electrotypes when the centre 
of a letter is lower than its edges. 

DISMAL- DITTY, subs. (old). See 
quot. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (sth ed.). 
DISMAL DITTY . . . also a cant ex- 
pression for a psalm sung by a criminal 
at the gallows (s.v. Ditty). 

D\SP*R,subs. (Winchester College). 
See CAT'S-HEAD. 



DISPATCHES, subs. (old). False 
dice ; so contrived as always to 
throw a nick. See DOCTOR. 

1811. VAUX, Memoirs, s.v. 
1866. Times, 27 Nov. 

DISSECTING-JOB, subs, (tailors'). 
Garments requiring extensive 
alteration. 

DISTILLER, subs. (Australian 
thieves'). A man easily vexed, 
and unable to dissemble his con- 
dition. 

DITTO- BLUES, subs. (Winchester 
College). A suit of clothes all of 
blue cloth. Cf., DITTOES. 

DITTO BROTHER, or SISTER, SMUT. 

See BROTHER SMUT. 

DITTOES, subs, (colloquial). A 
complete suit of clothes of the 
same material. Fr., un complet, 
Occasionally applied to trousers 
only. 



1880. HAWLEY SMART, Social Sin- 
ners, ch. x. A slight, dark man, of middle 
height, clad in an ordinary suit of DITTOES, 
entered the room. 

1882. JAMES PAYN, Thicker than 
Water, ch. ix. His attire, though quite 
as faultless and more equable he was 
never seen in DITTOS even in September 
was not so splendid as of some members of 
the Aglaia. 

DiTTY-BAG, subs, (common). A 
handy bag, used by sailors as a 
'huswife.' [From DEFT, DIGHT 
= neat, active, handy.] 

DIVE, subs. (American). A drink- 
ing-saloon ; also a brothel. 

1888. Troy Daily Times, 7 Feb. 
A plot to entrap young women for the 
DIVES of Northern Wisconsin has been 
discovered at Eau Claire, Wis. 

1888. St. Lout's Globe Democrat, 
27 Feb. Even fallen women, when the 
rose is gone from their cheeks, are pushed 
aside, and from a gilded house to the 
lowest DIVE is the last and quickest step of 
all. 

Verb (old). To pick pockets. 
Cf., DIP, and for synonyms, see 
P'RISK. Also DIVING = picking 
pockets. 

1631. BEN JONSON, Metam. Gip- 
sies. Or using your nimbles [fingers], in 
DIVING the pockets. 

1712 GAY, Trivia, bk. III., 1., 80. 
Guard well thy pocket ; for these sirens 
stand To aid the labours of the DIVING 
hand. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (sth 
ed.). DIVE (v.) ._ . . and in the Canting 
Language, to pick pockets in a crowd, 
church, etc. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, or The 
Rogue s Lexicon, s.v. 

A DIVE IN THE DARK, subs. 

phr. (venery). The 'act of kind.' 

To DIVE INTO ONE'S SKY, 
verb. phr. (common). To put 
one's hands into one's pockets, 



Diver. 



Do. 



TO DIVE INTO THE WOODS, 

verb. phr. (American). To con- 
ceal oneself. 

DIVER, or DIVE {see quot., 1608], 
subs. (old). A pickpocket (as 
Jenny Diver in 'The Beggar's 
Opera'); A DIP (q.v.}. For syno- 
nyms, see STOOK-HAULER. 

1608. DEKKER, Belman of London, 
in wks. (Grosart), III., 140. [One who 
steals from houses by putting a boy in 
through a window to hand out to him the 
plunder is called a DIVER.] 

c. 1626. Dick of Devonshire, in 
Bullen's Old Plays, ii., 40. Your horse 
and weapons I will take, but no pilferage. 
I am no pocketeer, no DIVER into slopps. 

1705. WARD, Hudibras Redivivus, 
vol. I., pt. i., p. 24 [2nd ed.). So expert 
DIVERS call aloud, Pray mind your 
pockets, to the crowd. 

1748. T. DYCHE, Dictionary (sth ed.,). 
DIVER (s.) . . . also a cant name for a 
pick-pocket. 

1828. JON. BEE, Picture of London, 
p. 56. Thieves frequently go well-dressed, 
especially pickpockets ; good toggery being 
considered a necessary qualification for 
his calling, without which the DIVER could 
not possibly mix in genteel company nor 
approach such in the streets. 

1887. BAUMANN, Londismen, V. 
Smashers and DIVERS and noble contrivers. 

DIVERS, subs, (common). The 
fingers. For synonyms, see FORKS. 

DIVIDE THE HOUSE WITH ONE'S 
WIFE, verb. phr. (old). To turn 
her out of doors. 



DIVING-BELL, stibs. (common). A 
cellar-tavern. Cf., DIVE. For 
synonyms, see LUSH-CRIB. 

Do, subs, (colloquial). I. A fraud. 
1812. VAUX, Memoirs, s.v. 

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, 
p. 17. I thought it was a DO, to get me 
out of the house. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM. Ingoldsby 
Legends, (ed. 1862.) p. 418. I should 



like to see you Try to sauter le coup With 
this chap at short whist or unlimited loo, 
By the Pope you'd soon find it a regular 
DO. 

1846. Punch, vo\. XL, p. 114. What 
is the meaning of the rise? I'm sure I 
cannot tell can you ? Yes, fame with hun- 
dred tongues replies, 'Tis in one word 
A Do I A Do ! 

2. (colloquial). One's duty ; 
a success ; performance what 
one has to do ; once literary. 

1663-78. BUTLER, Httdibras. No 
sooner does he peep into the world but he 
has done his DOE. 

1851. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 162. Well, I heard 
how a man . . . was making a fortune at 
the hot-eel and pea-soup line. . . . So I 
thought I'd have a touch at the same 
thing. But you see I never could rise 
money enough to make a DO of it. 

Verb (colloquial). I. To 
cheat. For synonyms, see GAM- 
MON. 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Life's Painter, 
p. 142. Who are continually looking out 
for flats, in order to DO them upon the 
broads, that is, cards. 

1803. KENNEY, Raising- the Wind, 
I., i. I wasn't born two hundred miles 
north of Lunnun, to be DONE by Mr. 
Diddler, I know. 

1831. DISRAELI, The Young Duke, 
bk. iv., ch. vi., p. 220 (ed. 1866;. There 
was the juvenile Lord Dice, who boasted 
of having DONE his brothers out of their 
miserable ^5,000. 

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, p. 
265. I should have a much better opinion 
of an individual if he'd say at once, in an 
honourable and gentlemanly manner, as 
he'd DONE everybody he possibly could. 

1843. Coiic Almanack, p. 373. 
England expects every man to do his 
duty, a strong recommendation to every 
man 'to DO' the authorities who collect 
the duty at the Custom-house. 

1871. Public Opinion, 4 Feb. Do 
you suppose that you can do the landlord 
in the ' Lady of Lyons ? ' asked a theatri- 
cal manager of a seedy actor in quest of 
an engagement. If I can't DO him, was 
the reply, he will be the first landlord I 
ever had anything to do with that wasn't 
DONE by me. 



Do. 



294 



Do. 



1889. Answers, g Feb. The regular 
hotel thieves are constantly inventing new 
dodges to DO us. 

2. (pugilistic). To 'punish.' 

3. (common). To visit a 
place; e.g., 'to DO Italy,' 'to 
DO the Row,' 'to DO the High' 
(at Oxford), etc. Early quots. 
are given ; latterly the phrase is 
common enough. The Fr.,fatre 
is used in the same sense ; faire 
ses Acacias ; i.e., to walk or drive 
in the Allee des Acacias. 

1857. G. A. LAWRENCE, Guy Living- 
stone, ch. xxxii. We DID Venice very 
severely, with the exception of Forrester, 
who . . . declined seeing anything more 
than what he could view from his gondola. 

1858. SHIRLEY BROOKS, The Gordian 
Knot, p. 53. You have been in Egypt? 
asked Margaret, with much interest. I 
DID Egypt, as they say, about two years 
back, [said Philip]. 

4. (colloquial). To perform ; 
to 'come'; e.g. t TO DO THE 
POLITE = to be polite; TO DO A 
BOOK = to write one ; TO DO THE 

HEAVY, THE GRAND, or THE 

GENTEEL = to put on airs. 

1767. COLMAN, Eng. Merchant, I., 
in wks. (1777), ii- 17. I compose pam- 
phlets on all subjects, compile magazines, 
and DO newspapers. 

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, 
p. 224. He used to talk politics to papas, 
flatter the vanity of mammas, DO the 
amiable to their daughters. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xv., 
p. 125. There was the young lady who 
DID the poetry in the Eatanswill Gazette, 
in the garb of a sultana. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, ch. 
xxiv. A great number of the descriptions 
in Cook's Voyages, for instance, were 
notoriously invented by Dr. Hawkesworth, 
who DID the book. 

1856. WHYTE MELVILLE, Kate 
Coventry, ch. iii. A vision of John 
DOING the polite, and laughing as he 
ceremoniously introduced Captain Lovell 
and Miss Coventry. 

1864. Glasgow Citizen, 29 Nov. Is 
not the exhilarating short-length of being 



known beyond our own Queen Street that 
it is not registered here ? And we miss the 
rag trade whose worthy members DO the 
above-named goes. 

1880. MILLIKEN, Punch 's Almanack. 
Nobby button 'oler very well, When one 
wants to DO the 'eavy swell. 

5. (counterfeiters'). To utter 
base coin or QUEER (q.v.\ 

Do AS I DO,pht. (common). 
An invitation to drink. See 
DRINKS. 

TO DO A BEER, or A BITTER, 
or A DRINK, or A DROP, verb, 
phr. (common), To take a 
drink. 

1853. BRADLEY ('Cuthbert Bede'), 
Verdant Gteen, ch. x. To DO BITTERS, 
as Mr. Bouncer phrased the act of drinking 
bitter beer. 

1880. MILLIKEN, Punch's Almanack. 
Got the doldrums dreadful, that is clear, 
Two d left ! must go and DO A BEER. 

To DO A BILK. See BILK. 

To DO A BILL, verb. phr. 
(commercial ). To utter an accept- 
ance or bill of exchange. Cf. t 

TO FLY PAPER or KITES. 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, Ingoldsby 
Legends [ed. 1862], p. 257. Now, then, 
old sinner, let's hear what you'll say As to 
DOING A BILL at three months from to-day. 

1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. 
Ixii. Sir Francis Clavering . . . had 
managed to sign his respectable name to a 
piece of stamped paper, which . . -.Mr. 
Moss ABRAMS had carried off, promising 
to have the BILL DONE by a party with 
whose intimacy Mr. Abrams was favoured. 

To DO A BISHOP, verb. phr. 
(military). To parade at short 
notice. 

To DO A BIT, vtrb. phr. 
(common). To eat something. 

Cf. t TO DO A BEER. Also 

(venery), to have a woman. 

TO DO A BUNK or SHIFT, 
vetb. phr. (vulgar). To ease 
nature. See BURY A QUAKER and 



Do. 



295 



Do. 



MRS. JONES. Also (colloquial), 
to go away. 

To DO A CRIB, verb. phr. 
(thieves'). To break into a 
house, to burgle. Fr., maquiller 
une cambriole. For synonyms, see 
CRACK A CRIB. 

To DO A GUY, verb. phr. 
(thieves'). i. To run away ; to 
make an escape. [From DO, verb 
of action + GUY, an escape.] For 
synonyms, see AMPUTATE and 
SKEDADDLE. 

1889. Answers, 6 April, p. 297. They 
all dispersed at once to put it in their own 
language, they DID A GUY. 

2. (workman's). To absent 
oneself when supposed to be at 
work. 

To DO A NOB, verb. phr. 
(circus and showmen's). To 
make a collection. 

To DO A PITCH. See PITCH. 
To DO A RUSH. See RUSH. 

To DO A SNATCH. See 
SNATCH. 

TO DO A STAR PITCH, verb, 
phr. (theatrical). To sleep in 
the open air. Fr., loger a la 
belle etoile. For synonyms, see 
HEDGE SQUARE. 

To DO A BROWN. See under 
BROWN ; also BAMBOOZLE. Also 

TO DO BROWN and TO DO IT UP 
BROWN. 

To DO FOR, verb. phr. (com- 
mon).!. To ruin. Also, to kill, 
in which sense, cf., quots., 1650 
and 1877. For synonyms, see 
DEAD BROKE and COOK ONE'S 
GOOSE respectively. 

1650. HOVVELL, Familiar Letters. 
The Emperor, who, rather than becom 



captif to the base Tartar, burnt his castle, 
and DID AWAY himself, his thirty wives, 
and children. 

1752. FIELDING, Amelia, bk. vi., ch. 
iv. He said something, too, about my 
master . . . he said he would DO FOR him, 
I am sure he said that ; and other wicked, 
bad words, too, if I could but think of 
them. 

1811. JANE AUSTEN, Sense and S., 
ch. xli. He has DONE FOR himself com- 
pletely ! shut himself out for ever from all 
decent society ! 

1877. Five Yeats' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p 233. He called out, He's DONE 
FOR me ; he's DONE FOR me ; send at once 
for Doctor Howell. 

2. (common). To attend on 
(as landladies' on lodgers). 

3. (thieves'). To convict ; to 
sentence. DONE FOR = convicted. 

TO DO A GRIND, A MOUNT, A 

TREAD, etc., verb. phr. (venery). 
To copulate. 

TO DO or PLAY GOOSEBERRY. 

See GOOSEBERRY. 

To DO GOSPEL, verb. phr. 
(common). To go to church. 

TO DO THE HANDSOME or 
THE HANDSOME THING, Verb. 

phr. (colloquial). To behave 
extremely well to one. 

To DO IT AWAY, verb. phr. 
(thieves'). To dispose of stolen 

gOOds. Also TO DO THE SWAG 
(q. V. ) ; TO FENCE (q. V. ). 

To DO IT ON THE B. H., verb. 
phr. (common). To perform with 
ease. [B = bloody; H = head], 

1877. Five Years' Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 221. 'What's yer dose?" 
Looking on to my badge, ' Five, oh, you 
can do that little lot on yer 'ED EASY.' 

To DO IT UP, verb. phr. (old). 
To accomplish an object in 
view ; to obtain one's quest. To 

DO IT UP IN GOOD TWIG = tO live 

an easy life by one's wits. 



Do. 



296 



Do. 



TO DO ONE PROUD, phr. 

(colloquial). To flatter: e.g., 
Will you drink?' 'You DO 

ME PROUD.' 

1836. W. G. CLARK, Ollapodriana 
Papers. To this damsel I addressed 
myself, and solicited her hand in the 
dance. She assented ; and with my brain 
reeling with fancies of wine and women, 
I really thought, for the moment, that 

'she DID ME PROUD.' 

1887. SIDNEY ~Lu SKA, Land of Love, 
in ' Lippincott's Mag.,' p. 241. Ah? So? 
The frank confession DOES YOU PROUD. 

To DO OUT,zw./^n(American 
thieves'). To plead guilty and 
exonerate an accomplice. 

To DO OVER, verb. phr. (com- 
mon). i. To knock down ; to 
persuade ; to cheat ; to ruin. 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Life's Painter, 
p. 50. Who could, at any time, DO him 
OVER, as they phrased it, for half-a-crown 
or half-a-guinea. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers, 
p. 326 (ed. 1857). Well, said Sam, he's 
in a horrid state o' love ; reg'larly corn- 
foozled, and DONE OVER with it. 

2. (thieves'). To search a 
victim's pockets without his 
knowing it. C/., RUN THE RULE 

OVER. 

3. (venery). To seduce; 
also to copulate. For synonyms, 
see DOCK and RIDE respectively. 

To DO POLLY, verb. phr. 
(American prison). To pick 
oakum in gaol. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, or the 
Rogue's Lexicon, s.v. 

To DO ONE'S BUSINESS, verb, 
phr. (common). To kill. For 
synonyms, see COOK ONE'S 
GOOSE. Cf., BUSINESS. Also 
( vulgar ), to evacuate ; and 
(venery), to serve a woman. 



1750. FIELDING, Tom Jones, bk. 
VIII., ch. x. He concluded he had pretty 

well DONE THEIR BUSINESS, for both of 

them, as they ran off, cried out with bitter 
oaths, that they were dead men. 

1849. THACKERAY, Pendennis, ch. 
xii. Then he took down his venerable 
and murderous duelling-pistols, with flint 
locks, that had DONE THE BUSINESS of 
many a pretty fellow in Dublin. 

1856. C. READE, Never Too Late, 
ch. xvi. She was stronger than he was lor 
a moment or two, and that moment would 
have DONE HIS BUSINESS. She meant 
killing. 

To DO THE DOWNY, verb. phr. 
(common). To lie in bed. 
DOWNY FLEA PASTURE = a bed. 
Cf. t BALMY. 

1841. LEMAN REDE, Sixteen-String 
Jack, Act i., Sc. vi. Jer. The family's 
GONE TO DOWNY NAP this half-hour. Why 
don't the captain give the signal. 

1853. C. BEDE, Verdant Green, pt. 
ii., p. 59. This'll never do, Giglamps ! 
Cutting chapel TO DO THE DOWNY. 

To DO THE SWAG, verb. phr. 
(thieves'). To sell stolen property, 
Fr., laver la came lot e or les four- 
gueroles. Cf.,ToDO CLOBBER. 

To DO THE TRICK, verb. phr. 
(colloquial). To accomplish one's 
object ; specifically (venery), to do 
the ' act of kind ' effectually, and 
(for woman), to get rid of one's 
maidenhead. 

1864. Derby Day, p. 38. If the 
little 'un don't DO THE TRICK mean' him'll 
fall out. 

1870-2. Gallery of Comicalities. 
Star of the stable ! Ostler Dick, Still in 
your calling wide awake ; I warrant you 
can po THE TRICK A cunning cove, and 
no mistake. 

18(?). W. C. RUSSELL, Represen- 
tative Actors, p. 476. Edmund Kean 
then whispered in his son's ear ' Charlie, 
we are DOING THE TRICK.' 

To DO TIME, verb. phr. 
(thieves'). To serve a term of 
imprisonment. 



Do. 



297 



Dock. 



1871. Times, Dec. Both ... fled 
to New York to save DOING TIME on the 
treadmill. 

1884. Comhill Mag., June, p. 614. 
He has repeatedly DONE TIME for 
drunks and disorderlies, and for assaults 
upon the police. 

1888. Referee, 15 April, 3, i. The 
robbers-in-chief, who had DONE TIME 
before, were sentenced to five years' penal 
servitude. 

To DO TO DEATH, verb. phr. 
(colloquial). To repeat ad nau- 



To DO TO TIE TO, verb. phr. 
(American). To be fit to associ- 
ate with ; to be trustworthy. 

To DO UP, verb. phr. (com- 
mon). To use up ; finish ; or 
quiet. DONE UP = tired out ; 
ruined; 'sold up.' For syno- 
nyms, see FLOORED. 

1594. NASHE, Unf. Traveller, in 
wks. v., 170. 1 wascleane spent and DONE, 
there was no hope of me. 

1667. DRYDEN, Ann. Mir.,^ st. 70. 
Not so the Holland fleet, who, tired and 
DONE, Stretch'd on their decks like weary 
oxen lie. 

1815. SCOTT, Guy Mannering, ch. 
xxxiv. ' How did he get back from 
India? ' ' Why, how should I know ? The 
house there was DONE UP, and that gave us 
a shake at Middleburgh.' 

1831. DISRAELI, The Young Duke, 
bk. iv., ch. xii., p. 245 (ed. 1866), 'The 
Universe' and 'The New World' an- 
nounced that the young duke was DONE 
UP. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and L on. Poor, vol. iii., p. 264. A man's 
DONE UP at fifty, and seldom lives long 
after, if he has to keep on at coal-portering. 

1870. L. OLIPHANT, Piccadilly, pt. 
iii. ; p. 130. I am awfully DONE, said 
Spiffy. I never went to bed at all last 
night. 

[For the rest, DO, like CHUCK and 
COP, is a verb-of-all-work, and is used in 
every possible and impossible connection. 
Thus, TO DO REASON and TO DO RIGHT = 
to honour a toast ; TO DO A BIT OF STIFF 
= to draw a bill ; TO DO A CHUCK = to 
eject, or to go away ; TO DO A RUB-UP 



= to masturbate ; TO DO A SIP (back slang) 
= to make water ; TO DO A CAT = to 
vomit ; TO DO A HALL or A THEATRE=IO 
visit a music hall or a playhouse ; TO DO A 
FLUFF (theatrical)=to forget one's part; 
TO DO A PITCH (showman's or street artists') 
= to go through a performance ; TO DO A 
MOUCH or A MiKE=to go on the prowl; 
TO DO A GROUSE = to go questing for 
women; TO DO A DOSS = to go to sleep ; 

TO DO A CADGE = tO go begging ; TO DO A 

TUMBLE or A SPREAD=to lie down to a 
man ; TO DO A PERPENDICULAR or KNEE- 
TREMBLER=to copulate standing ; TO DO 
A SCRAP = to engage in combat; TO DO A 
RURAL =to 'rear' by the wayside ; TO DO 

A DIVE IN THE DARK = tO Copulate J etc. 

DOASH, subs. (Old Cant). A cloak. 
For synonyms, see CAPELLA. 

DOBBIN, subs. (old). Ribbon. 
DOBBIN RIG = stealing ribbon. 



DOCK, subs, (printers'). I. The 
weekly work bill or POLE (q.v.). 

2. (popular). The hospital. 

Verb (old). I. To deflower ; 
hence, by implication, to possess ; 
[Gypsy dilkker, to ravish]. Femi- 
nine analogues are TO HAVE 
DONE THE TRICK; TO HAVE 

HAD IT; TO HAVE DONE IT AT 
LAST J TO BE CRACKED IN THE 
RING ; TO HAVE BROKEN HER 
TEA-CUP ; TO HAVE HAD IT 
THERE ; TO HAVE GONE STAR- 
GAZING ON HER BACK ; TO HAVE 
GIVEN HER PUSSY A TASTE OF 
CREAM ; TO HAVE LET THE 
PONY OVER THE DYKE (Scots') J 
TO HAVE BROKEN HER KNEES 
Or HER LEG J TO HAVE SPRAINED 
HER ANKLE. Fr., avoir vu If 
loup ; laisser aller le chat au 
frontage ; and avoir vu la lune ; 
whilst Vavoir encore and avoit 
encore tavoine is said of maids. 
Sp., desvirgar = to deflower : 
DOCKED = possessed. 



Docker. 



298 



Doctor. 



1567. HARM AN, Caveat [ed. 1869, 
E. E. T. Soc.], p. 87. He DOKTE the 
dell. 

1609. DEKKER, Lanthome and Can- 
dlelight. 'Canting Rithmes.' DOCKED 
the dell for a Coper meke. 

1611. MIDDLETON and DEKKER, 
Roaring Girl, v., i. And couch till a 
pallyard DOCKED my dell. 

- 2. (Winchester College). To 
scratch out ; to tear out (as from 
a book) ; also to strike down. 

To GO INTO DOCK, verb. phr. 
(nautical). To undergo saliva- 
tion. 

TO BE DOCKED SMACK 
SMOOTH,' verb. phr. (old). To 
have suffered amputation of the 
penis. 

DOCKER, subs, (legal). i. A brief 
handed to counsel by a prisoner 
in the dock. Legal etiquette 
compels acceptance if ' marked ' 
with a minimum fee of i 35. 6d. 

2. (colloquial). A dock la- 
bourer. 



DOCK-WALLOPER, subs. (Ameri- 
can). A loafer ; one who loiters 
about docks and wharves ; also 
an unemployed emigrant. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, p. 
344. ... A DOCK-WALLOPER is an object 
of great contempt to Jack. 

DOCKYARDER, subs, (nautical). 
A skulker. Cf., STRAWYARDER 



DOCKYARD-HORSE, subs. (naval). 
An officer better at correspon- 
dence than at active service. 

DOCTOR, subs. (old). i. A false 
die ; sometimes a manipulated 
card. See To PUT THE DOCTOR 

ON ONE. 



1(588. SHADWELL, Sq. ofAlsatia, I., 
in wks. (1720), iv., 18. Self. Sen. Tatts, 
and DOCTOR ! what's that ? Sham. The 
tools of sharpers, false dice. 

1709. CENTLIVRE, Gamester, Act i. 
Now, sir, here is your true dice, a man 
seldom gets anything by them ; here is 
your false, sir ; hey, how they run ! Now, 
sir, those we generally call DOCTORS. 

1750. FIELDING, Tom Jones. Here, 
said he, taking some dice out of his pockets, 
here are the little DOCTORS which cure 
the distempers of the purse. 

.1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, ch. 
xxxiii. A gamester, one who deals with 
the devil's bones and the DOCTORS. 

1823. SCOTT, Peveril, ch. xxviii. 
The dicers with their DOCTORS in their 
pockets, I presume. 

2. (common). An adulterant. 

Cf., TO KEEP THE DOCTOR. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. A composition used by distillers to 
make spirits appear stronger than they 
really are. 

1828. G. SMEATON, Doings in Lon- 
don. Maton, in his ' Tricks of Bakers 
Unmasked,' says alum, which is called the 
DOCTOR, ground and unground, is sold to 
the bakers at fourpence per pound. 

3. (licensed victuallers'). 
Brown sherry. [Because a 'doc- 
tored ' (q. v. ), wine. Cf. , sense 2. ] 

4. '(nautical and up-country 
Australian). A ship's cook. 

5. (Winchester College). The 
head master. 

1870. MANSFIELD, School Life at 
Winchester College, p. 27. The head 
master, or the DOCTOR, as he is always 
called, lives in ' Commoners' buildings.' 

6. (Old gamesters'). The last 
throw of dice or ninepins. 

Verb (common). I. To patch; 
adulterate ; falsify ; ' cook.' 

1837. R. H. BARHAM, Ingoldsby 
Legends [ed. 1862], p. 464. She DOC- 
TOR'D the punch and she DOCTOR'D the 
negus, Taking care not to put in sufficient 
to flavour it. 



Doctor Draw-fart. 299 



Dodge. 



1862. H. GKEKLEY, in N. Y. Inde- 
pendent. The news [of success to the 
United States armies, said the English 
leading journals] all came through North- 
ern channels, and was DOCTORED by the 
government which controlled the telegraph. 

2. (sporting). To poison a 
horse. 

TO KEEP THE DOCTOR, verb. 
phr. (licensed victuallers'). To 
make a practice of adulterating 
the liquor sold. Cf., DOCTOR, 
subs., sense 2. 

TO PUT THE DOCTOR ON ONE, 

verb. fhr. (common). To cheat. 

DOCTOR DRAW- FART, subs. phr. 
(common). A wandering quack. 

DOCTORED, ppl. adj. (common). 
Patched ; adulterated ; falsified ; 
'cooked.' 

1866. G. ELIOT, Felix Holt, ch. 
xxviii. The Cross-keys . . . had 
DOCTORED ale, an odour of bad tobacco, 
and remarkably strong cheese. 

DOD BURN IT! intj.phr. (American). 
A euphemistic oath ; on the model 
of DADBINGED (.V.}. 



DODDER, subs. (Irish). Burnt to- 
bacco taken from the bottom of a 

gipe and placed on the top of a 
esh plug to give a stronger 
flavor. 

DODDERER, subs, (street). A 
meddler ; always used in con- 
tempt. Sometimes DODDERING 
OLD SHEEP'S HEAD, which also 
=a fool. 

DODDY, subs, (provincial). In 
Norfolk a person of low stature. 
Sometimes HODMANDOD and 
HODDY-DODDY, all head and no 
body. DODMAN in the same 
dialect = a snail. 



DODFETCHED, adj. (American). 
A euphemistic oath. [Dod = 
God.] Most of its kind have 
originated in New England, 
where the descendants of the 
Puritans form the largest portion 
of the population. 

1888. Texas Siftings, 7 July. _ Then 
the poet was sore grieved, and he said unto 
himself, ' I'm a DODFETCHED fool.' 

DODGASTED, adj. (American). 

See DODFETCHED. 

1888. Detroit Free Press. It's 
a DODGASTED funny thing, Uncle Zeke, 
but it's a fact, never knew it to fail ; 
straight as a string, too. 



fo. and vei-b, [and deriva- 
tive. DODGING, verb, subs.'} 
(colloquial). To trick ; to 
swindle ; to elude. Once slang, 
now recognised. Used in various 
combinations : THE PIOUS DODGE 
= a pretence of piety; THE 
TIDY-DODGE = begging in the 
streets with tidily but poorly 
dressed children, etc. Also, to 
' nart.' For synonyms, see LAY. 

1708. SWIFT, Abolishing of Chris- 
tianity in prose wks. (Camelot Cl.), p. 
235. The chaffering with Dissenters, and 
DODGING about this or the other ceremony. 

1754. B. MARTIN, Eng. Diet. (2nd 
ed.). To DODGE ... 2. To be off and 
on. 3. To prevaricate, or play shifting 
tricks. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers, 
p. 135 ('ed. 1857). ' It was all false, of 
course?' 'All, sir,' replied Mr. Weller, 
' reg'lar do, sir ; artful DODGE.' 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. i., p. 227. Conscious 
how much their own livelihood depends upon 
assumption and trickery, they naturally 
consider that others have some DODGE, as 
they call it, or some latent object in view 
when any good is sought to be done them. 

1856. Punch, vol. XXXI., p. 217. 
Long though your sentence and your task 
severe, The pious DODGE a ticket soon will 
send. 

1865. Spectator, 2 Dec., Women's 
Tact. [Mrs. Caudle.] Nagged, and 



Dodger. 



300 Does your Mother. 



nagging is universally useful only with 
maids. She lost her temper occasionally, 
and the suffering angel DODGE is a very 
much more effective as well as Christian 
resource. 

1865. Spectator (On the Academy 
Dinner), p. 492. Earl Russell . . . broke 
loose from one conventionality of public 
dinners to fall into another. He DODGED 
the toast of Her Majesty's Ministers, and 
did not promise the Academy. 

1883. Daily Telegraph, 23 March, 
p. 6, col. i. He is naturally anxious to 
ascertain if any new DODGE has been 
brought to light, and what was the amount 
of the penalty imposed for its perpetra- 
tion. 

DODGER, subs, (common). i. A 
trickster. Cf., The 'Artful 
Dodger' ( DICKENS, Oliver T^vist t 
ch. viii. ). Fr. , tore ficelle = ' to be 
a dodger.' 

1611. COTGRAVE, Diet., Caqueraffe, 
a base micher, scurvie hagler, lowsie 

DODGER, etC. 

1825. SCOTT, St. Ronan's Well, ch. 
xxviii. A sly cock, this Frank Tyrrel, 
thought the traveller ; a very complete 
DODGER but no matter I shall wind him, 
were he to double like a fan. 

1887. BAUMANN, Londonismen, vi. 
So from hartful young DODGERS, From 
vaxy old codgers, From the blowens ve got 
Soon to know vot is vol. 

2. (popular). A dram ; pro- 
vincially, a NIGHTCAP. For syno- 
nyms, see Go. 

3. (American). A hard-baked 
cake or biscuit, more usually 
termed CORN-DODGER. When 
mixed with beef, BEEF-DODGERS. 

4. (American). A handbill. 

1888. Texas Siftings, 15 Sept. Then 
I would have a great quantity of little 
DODGERS printed to throw around every- 
where. 

DODO, subs. (old). A stupid, 
old man. 



Do D ROTTED, ppl. adj. (American). 
A euphemistic oath. See OATHS. 



1887. Century Magazine^, You ketch 
us with yer DODROTTED foolin', says he ; 
we hain't the kind to be fooled. 

DOES r(1 phr. (common). A sar- 
castic retort. See DOES YOUR 
MOTHER KNOW YOU'RE OUT ? 

DOES YOUR MOTHER KNOWYOU'RE 
OUT'? ' pkr. (streets'). A popular 
locution, vague as to meaning 
and inexact in application an ex- 
pression expressive of contempt, 
incredulity, sarcasm, anything you 
please. See ALL MY EYE, STREET 
CRIES, and infra. - 

ENGLISH VARIANTS. Has 
your mother sold her mangle ? 
Not to-day, or it won't do, Mr. 
Ferguson ! Sawdust and treacle ! 
Draw it mild ! And the rest ! 
Who are you ? All round my 
hat ! Go it, ye cripples ! Shoo, 
fly ! How does the old thing 
work ? Well, you know how it 
is yourself ! How's your poor 
feet ? Why, certainly ! I'll have 
your whelk ! Not to-day, baker, 
call to-morrow, and we'll take a 
crusty one ! Do you see any 
green in my eye ? Put that in 
your pipe and smoke it ! Where 
are you going on Sunday ? Go 
to Putney! Who stole the donkey: 
the man in the white hat ! Cough, 
Julia ! Over the bender ! There 
you go with your eye out ! etc., 
etc. 

FRENCH VARIANTS. Et les 
mois de nourrice= (and the rest !) ; 
du combustible (popular : = go it 
you cripples ) ; tu f en ferais peter 
le cylindre (popular : = don't you 
wish you may get it); chic he ! 
(popular : a defiant refusal) ; 
chaleur ! (popular : expressive of 
contempt, disbelief, and ironical 
admiration) ; croyez ca et buvez de 
feau (popular : = believe that and 



Dog. 



301 



Dogberry. 



drink water) ; a Chaillot f go 
to Bath and get your head 
shaved') ; tu fen ferais crever 
(pop. :=don't you wish you may 
get it) ; colle-toi (a dans Fcornet 
(pop. : put that in your pipe and 
smoke it ! ) je la connais (pop. : = 
do you see any green ? ' ) ; 
fentrave pas dans tes vannes 
(thieves' : = you don't take me 
in) ; de la bourrache ! (popular : 
= no go) ; un sale true pour la 
fanfare (popular : an expression 
of disgust) ; de qtioi (popular : 
what next ? also = wealth, money, 
etc. ) ; allez done raconter cela a 
dache (thieves' : = tell that to the 
marines ! ) ; des dattes ! (pop. : = 
take a carrot ! ) ; et ta stxur 
(popular : indicative of refusal, 
contempt, and insult) ; faut pas 
trflafaire (popular : = Walker ! ) ; 
elle pottce (pop. : = and the rest !) 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 6, col. 2. 
Where are they that should protect thee 
In this darkling hour of doubt? Love 
could never thus neglect thee ! DOES 

YOUR MOTHER KNOW YOU'RE OUT? 

1864. Sun, 28 Dec. ' Review of 
Hotten's Slang Dictionary.' Ridiculous 
street cries, such as DOES YOUR MOTHER 
KNOW YOU'RE OUT? or, Has your Aunt 
sold her mangle ? or, You don't lodge here, 
Mr. Fergusson whatever those sapient 
remarks may mean. 

DOG, stibs. (colloquial). I. A man; 
sometimes used contemptuously 
(Cf. t Cat = a woman), but more 
frequently in half-serious chiding ; 
e.g. , a sad DOG, gay DOG, old DOG, 
etc. For synonyms, see COVE. 
Sometimes adjectively = male ; 
see quotr, 1856. AN OLD DOG AT 
IT = expert, or accustomed to. 

1596. NASHE, Have -with you, Epis. 
Ded. par. 5. O, he hath been olde DOGGE 
at that drunken, staggering kinde of verse. 

1697. VANBRUGH, &soj>, part II., 
Sc. iii. Why, I'm a strong young DOG, 
you old gent, you. 

1703. MRS. CENTLIVRE, Stolen 
Heiress, I., wks, (1872), i., 336. She is in 



love, forsooth, with a young beggarly DOG 
not worth a groat. 

1736. FIELDING, Don Quixote, II. 
iv. A comical DOG, I fancy ; go, give my 
service to him. 

.1764,0?. 1817. J. G. HcLMAN^m*/ 
and at Home, I., 3. And my praise to 
withhold none so currish, With a girl so 
divine ! Such dinners ! such wine ! What 
a d d clever DOG was Jack Flourish ! 

1810. CRABBE, The Borough, Letter 
6, Law. For he'd a way that many judg'd 
polite, A cunning DOG he'd fawn before 
he'd bite. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers, 
p. 369. fed. 1857). Curse me, they're 
friends of mine from this minute and 
friends of Mivins, too. Infernal pleasant, 

fentlemenly, DOG Mivins, isn't he? said 
mangle, with great_feeling. 

1856. WHYTE MELVILLE, Kate 
Coventry, ch. vii. Then comes Ascot, for 
which meeting they leave the metropolis, 
and enjoy some quiet retreat in the neigh- 
bourhood of Windsor, taking with them 
many potables, and what they call a DOG 
cook. 

2. (thieves'). A burglar's iron. 
For synonyms, see JEMMY. 

1888. American Humorist, 31 Mar. 
The safe was rifled, and every appearance 
of robbery was manifest. In this case the 
murderer was discovered by means of a 
DOG, which was described in the newspapers 
as having certain peculiar scratches on it. 



Verb (venery). 
on all fours. 



To copulate 



TO GO, or THROW TO THE 

DOGS. See Go and DEMNITION 
Bow-wows. 

HAIR OF THE DOG THAT BIT 

YOU. See HAIR. 

TO BLUSH LIKE A BLUR DOG. 

See BLUSH. 

DOGBERRY, subs, (common). A 
stupid constable, or magistrate. 
[From Much Ado abottt Nothing.] 
For synonyms, see BEAK and 
COPPER. . 



Dog Biting Dog. 3 02 



Doggy. 



1864. M. E. BRADDON, Aurora Floyd, 
ch. xxxviii. The detective had reason to 
know that the DOGBERRIES of Doncaster, 
. . were on the wrong scent. 

1869. Gent. Mag., July, p. 195. I 
trust I shall not be accounted a DOGBERRY, 
lavish in my tediousness, if I bestow one 
more anecdote upon my readers. 

DOG BITING DOG, adv. phr. (the- 
atrical). Said of actors who 
spitefully criticise each others 
performance. 

DOG-CHEAP, adj. (colloquial). 
Very cheap ; of little worth; fool- 
ish. [SKEAT: from Swed., dog, 
= very ; LATHAM : the first sylla- 
ble is god = good, transposed + 
CHEAP, from chapman, a mer- 
chant hence, a good bargain 
(fr., bon marcke).~\ 

1598. SHAKSPEARE, i Henry IV., 
iii. 3. The sacK . . . would have bought 
me lights as GOOD-CHEAP at the dearest 
chandler's in Europe. 

1606. DEKKER, Newesfrom Hell, in 
wks. (Grosart), ii., 116. Three things 
there are DOG-CHEAP, learning, poore men's 
sweat, and others. 



1663. DRYDEN, Wild Gallant, 
No fat over-grown virgin of forty ever 
offered herself so DOG CHEAP, or was more 
despised. 

1772. FOOTE, Nabob, Act II. DOG- 
CHEAP ; neck-beef; a penny-loaf for a half- 
penny. 

1830. MARRYAT, Kings Own, ch. 
xxx. I'll sell mine, DOG-CHEAP, if any 
one will buy it. 

1851. CARLYLE, John Sterling, pt. 
L, ch. x. There lay in a certain neigh- 
bouring creek ot the Irish coast, a worn- 
out royal gun-brig condemned to sale, to 
be had DOG-CHEAP. 

DOG- COLLAR, subs, (common). A 
' stand-up ' shirt collar ; an ALL- 
ROUNDER (q.v.}. 

1883. GRENVILLE-MURRAY, People I 
have Met, p. 42. The DOG-COLLAR which 
rose above the black cloth was of spotless 
purity. 



DOG- DRAWN (old), adj. phr. Said 
of a bitch from which a dog has 
been removed by force during 
coition. Sometimes applied to 
women. 

DOGGER, verb (Charterhouse). To 
cheat ; to sell rubbish. 

DOGGERY, subs, (popular). i. 
Transparent cheating. Cf., DOG- 
GER. 

[Carlyle in Frederick uses DOGGERY = 
the doings of a scurvy set of soldiers.] 

2. (American).-- A low drink- 
ing saloon. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, p. 
315. DOGGERIES are only found near the 
shanties of Irish laborers or in remote 
western and southern settlements. 

DOGGONED, adj. (American). A 
euphemistic oath. See OATHS. 

1852. GLADSTONE, Englishman in 
Kansas, p. 46. If there's a DOG-GONED 
abolitionist aboard this boat, I should like 
to see him. I'm the man to put a chunk 
o' lead into his woolly head right off. 

1873. CARLTON, Farm Ballads, p. 
80. But when that choir got up to sing, 
I couldn't catch a word ; They sung the 
most DOG-GONDEST thing A body ever 
heard ! 

1879. EGGLESTON, The Hoosier 
Schoolmaster. I never knowed but one 
gal in my life as had cyphered into fractions, 
and she was so DOG ON stuck up, that she 
turned up her nose one night at an apple- 
peeliri bekase I tuck a sheet off the bed to 
splice out the table-cloth, which was rather 
short. 

DOGGY, subs, (mining). See quot. 

1845. DISRAELI, Sybil, bk, III. ch. i., 
note. A Batty in the mining districts is a 
middleman ; a DOGGY is his manager. 

Adj. (colloquial). I. Con- 
nected with, or relating to dogs. 

1883. Graphic, 24 Feb., p. 199. col. 3. 
Liverpool and the Adelphi Hotel in par- 
ticular, are now [time of Altcar coursing 
meeting] the headquarters of all the DOGGY 
men of the three kingdoms. 



Dog in a Blanket. 33 



Dog's-nose. 



2. (colloquial). Stylish. 

DOG IN A BLANKET, subs. phr. 
(colloquial). A pudding of pre- 
served fruit spread on thin dough, 
rolled up, and boiled ; also called 

ROLY-POLY and STOCKING. 

1887. G. A. SALA, in ///. Lou. News, 
12 Feb., p. 174, col. 3. Bubble and 
squeak ... is a colloquialism, and no 
more slangy than ' toad in the hole ' or 

DOG IN A BLANKET. 

LIKE A DOG IN SHOES, adv. 
phr. (Irish). A pattering sound j 
as the noise of a brisk walk. 

DOG IN THE MANGER, subs. phr. 
(colloquial). A selfish churl ; 
who does not want himself, yet 
will not let others enjoy. [From 
the fable.] 

1621. BURTON, Anat. of Mel., I., 
II., III., xii., 189 (1836). Like a hog, or 
DOG IN THE MANGER, he doth only keep it, 
because it shall do nobody else good. 

1673. DRYDEN, Amboyna, Act ii. 
You're like DOGS IN THE MANGER, you 
will neither manage it yourselves nor 
permit your neighbours. 

1757. GARRICK, Irish Widow, II. 
That's the DOG IN THE MANGER ; you 
can't eat the oats, and won't let those who 
can. 

1836. MARRYAT, Japhet, ch. Ixxii. 
Why, what a DOG IN THE MANGER you 
must be you can't marry them both. 

DOG-LATIN, subs, (colloquial). 
Barbarous or sham Latin ; also 
KITCHEN, BOG, GARDEN, or 
APOTHECARIES' LATIN. 

1856. H. MAYHEW, Great World of 
London, p. 149. A Spaniard . . . who 
called himself a physician, and who, being 
unable to speak English, communicated 
with the doctor in a kind of Spanish DOG- 
LATIN. 

DOGS, sttbs. (university). I. Sau- 
sages ; otherwise BAGS OF MYS- 
TERY (q.v.), or CHAMBERS OF 
HORRORS (.v.). 



2, (Stock Exchange). New- 
foundland Land Company's 
shares ;. now amalgamated with 
the Anglo-American United, and 
called ANGLOS. 

To GO TO THE DOGS. See 
under Go. 

TO LET SLEEPING DOGS LIE. 

See SLEEPING DOGS. 

DOG'S- BODY, subs, (nautical). 
Pease pudding. 

1851. Chambers' Papers, No. 52, p. 
16. Peas-pudding (alias DOG'S BODY) is 
often allowed upon pork days. 

1883. W. CLARK RUSSELL, Sailors 
Language, p. 42. DOGS-BODY. A mess 
made of pea-soup, powdered biscuit, and 
slush. 

1889. Chambers' Journal, 3 Aug., p. 
495, col. i. 

DOG'S-EARED, adj. (colloquial). 
Crumpled, as the leaves of a page 
with much reading. 

DOG'S MATCH. To MAKE A DOG'S 
MATCH OF IT, verb. phr. (vulgar). 
To copulate by the wayside. 

DOG'S MEAT, subs, (colloquial). 
Anything worthless ; as a bad 
book, a common tale, a villainous 
picture, etc. 

DOG-SHOOTER, subs. (old). i. A 
volunteer. 

2. (Royal Military Academy). 
See quot. 

1889. BARRERE, Slang, Jargon and 
Cant, p. 317. Cadets thus term a student 
who accelerates, that is, who, being pretty 
certain of not being able to obtain a com- 
mission in the engineers, or not caring for 
it, elects to join a superior class before the 
end of the term. 

DOG'S- NOSE, subs, (common). 
A mixture of gin and beer. Si* 
DRINKS. 



Dog's-paste, 



304 



Dolly. 



1812. VAUX, Flash Diet., s.v. 

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xxxiii., 
p. 285. DOG'S NOSE . . . your committee 
find upon enquiry, to be compounded of 
warm porter, moist sugar, gin, and nutmeg. 

1861. HUGHES, Tom Biown at Ox- 
ford, ch. xl. Ah ! that's not bad tipple 
after such a ducking as we've had. DOG'S 
NOSE, isn't it ? 

DOG'S- PASTE, subs, (common). 
Sausage or mince-meat. Cf. t 

BAGS OF MYSTERY and CHAMBERS 
OF HORROR (q.V.). 

DOG'S- PORTION, subs, (common). 
'A lick and a smell,' i.e., next 
to nothing. 

DOG'S SLEEP, subs. phr. (collo- 
quial). The lightest possible 
form of slumber. 

DOG'S-SOUP, subs, (common). 
Water. For synonyms, see ADAM'S 
ALE and FISH BROTH. 

1836. W. H. SMITH. ' The Thieves' 
Chaunt.' For she never lushes DOG'S- 
SOUP or lap. 

DOG'S-TAIL, subs, (nautical). The 
constellation of Ursa minor or 
Little Bear. 

DOG-STEAL ER, subs, (common). A 
dog-dealer ; applied sarcastically. 

1854. WHYTE MELVILLE, General 
Bounce, ch. xiii. Now nodding to a 
trainer, now indulging in quaint badinage, 
which the vulgar call ' chaff,' with a DOG- 

STEALER. 

DOLDRUMS, subs, (colloquial). 
Low spirits ; the DUMPS or 
HUMP (q.v.). [Properly parts 
of the ocean near the Equator 
abounding in calms and light, 
baffling winds.] 

1865. M. BROWNE, in the ' Argosy,' 
I., 36. An Apology for the Nerves. All 
I say is, do not let us have any abuse of 
he nerves. Do not confound nervousness 



with the megrims, or the DOLDRUMS, or 
any other complaint. Do not confound it 
with cowardice or ill-temper. 

1883. JAMES PAYN, The Canon's 
Ward, ch. xi. She treated all subjects in 
the same light way ; . . . from aversion to 
serious thoughts of any kind, which she 
stigmatised generally as the DOLDRUMS. 

DOLE, subs. (Winchester College). 
A stratagem or trick. [From 
Latin dohis.~\ 

DOLIFIER, subs. (Winchester Col- 
lege). One who contrives a trick. 
See DOLE. 

DOLLAR, subs, (common). A five- 
shilling piece. HALF-DOLLAR = 
half-a-crown, or two shillings. 
For synonyms, see CAROON. 

DOLLOP, subs, and verb (common). 
A lot ; ALL THE DOLLOP = the 
whole thing. Cf., quot., 1812. 
In Norfolk TO DOLLOP = to dole 
out; also to 'plank.' DOLLOPING 
= throwing down. 

1812. VAUX, Flash Diet., s.v. = the 
whole sum of money. 

1853. Notes and Queries, 16 July, 
p. 65, col., 2. Applied to lumps of any 
substances, whether food or otherwise. 
Such a phrase as this might be heard : 
What a DOLLOP of fat you have given me. 

1871. Belt^s Life, 23 Dec. All we 
wish to convey is, that a large bait is 
absolutely necessary to a heavy bag of 
chub. Exceptions may arise, as giants 
may dally with crumbs, but as a rule these 
fish desire a DOLLOP. 

1876. HINDLEY, Life and Adventures 
of a Cheap Jack, p. 28. I have known 
men literally give their goods away, or to 
throw them at each other, which is termed 
DOLLOPING. 

1883. Daily Telegraph, 8 March, 
p. 4, col. i. A DOLLOP of something 
having a mortar-like appearance, imagin- 
atively styled pudding. 

DOLLY, subs, (venery). i. A 

mistress. For synonyms, see 
BARRACK-HACK and TART. 



Dolly-mop. 



305 



Domino. 



1647 : 48. HERRICK, Hesperides, p. 
38. Drink, and dance, and pipe, and 
play, Kisse our DOLLIES night and day. 

1843. Punch, vol. V., p. 8. Dol is 
a pure Anglo-Saxon word signifying dull, 
erring whence the English DOLLY, any 
one who has made a. faux pas. 

2. (tailors'). A piece of cloth 
used as a sponge. 

3. (venery). The penis. For 
synonyms, see CREAMSTICK. 

Adj. (popular). Silly. 

1864. DICKENS, Our Mutual Friend, 
bk. I., chap. 4. You are a chit and a 
little idiot, returned Bella, or you 
wouldn't make such a DOLLY speech. 

DOLLY-MOP, subs, (common). 
Specifically, a professional 
strumpet, but see quot., 1851. 
For synonyms, see BARRACK- 
HACK and TART. 

1833. MARRYAT, Peter Simple, ch. 
iv. The captain says we are to take the 
young gentleman on board directly. His 
liberty's stopped for getting drunk and 
running after the DOLLY-MOPS ! 

1851. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lon. Poor, IV., 234. Those women who, 
for the sake of distinguishing them from 
the professionals, I must call amateurs, are 
generally spoken of as DOLLY-MOPS. 

DOLLY-SHOP, subs, (common). A 
marine store : really an illegal 
pawn-shop and FENCE (?.v.); 
also LEAVING-SHOP. No ques- 
tions are asked ; all goods 
are received on the understanding 
that they may be repurchased 
within a given time ; so much 
per day is charged ; no duplicate 
is given ; and no books are kept. 
[From the BLACK DOLL (g.v.) 
suspended outside as a sign.] 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 142. If she 
hasn't, or if the neighbours hasn't it, she 
borrows it at a DOLLY-SHOP (the illegal 
pawnshop). 

1860-68. Chambers Encyclopedia, s.v. 



1871. Echo, 16 March. Chimney 
sweeps having lent their machines to 
DOLLY-SHOP keepers for the price of a 
spree, could not redeem them to commence 
business. 

DOME, subs, (common). The head. 
For synonyms, see CRUMPET. 

DOM ESTic-AFFLiCTiONS,.wfo. (com- 
mon). The menstrual flux ; a 
woman's flower-time. For syno- 
nyms, see FLAG -UP. 

DOME-STICK, subs, (common). 
A ' domestic ' servant. 

DOM i N I E, subs, (old). A clergyman; 
modem Scots = a pedagogue or 
schoolmaster. [From Latin domi- 
nus, a lord or master.] 

1616. BEAUMONT AND FLFTCHER, 
Scornful Lady, II., i. Wei. [addressing 
parson], Adieu, dear DOMINE ! 

1754. FOOTE, Knights, Act ii. She 
alls in love with young Sleek, her father's 
chaplain ; . . what does me I, but slips 
on DOMINE'S robes, you ; passed myself 
upon her for him, and we were tacked 
together. 

1819. MOORE, Tom Crib's Me- 
morial, p. 21. And, take him at ruffian- 
ing- work (though, in common, he Hums 
about Peace and all that, like a DOMINE. 

1883. BRINSLEY- RICHARDS, Seven 
Years at Eton, xii., 122. The Scotch 
DOMINIE, from whom he had learnt Latin 
. . . knew nothing of elegiacs. 

DOMINIE DO-LITTLE, subs. phr. 
(old). An impotent old man. 

DOMINO I intj. (common). An 
ejaculation of completion : e.g., 
for sailors and soldiers at the 
last lash of a flogging ; and for 
'bus conductors when an omnibus 
is full inside and out \N. and Q., 
6 S.,v., 229] j.also, by implication, 
a knock-down blow, or the last of 
a series. [From the call at the 
end of a game of dominoes.] 
20 



Domino-Box. 



306 



Don. 



DOMINO-BOX, subs. (old). The 
mouth. For synonyms, see 
POTATO-TRAP. 

1812. VAUX, Flash Dictionary ; s.v. 

DOMINOES, subs, (popular). i. 
The teeth. For synonyms, see 
GRINDERS. 

1823. MONCRIEFF, Tom and Jerry, 
ii., 6. Mr. J. Sluice your DOMINOS vill 
you ? Green. Vot ! I never plays at 
dominos It's too wulgar. M->. J. Vy, 
then vash your ivories? Green. I've got 
no hiveries to vash. Mr. J. Drink, vill 
you? don't you understand Hinglish? 

1856. H. MAYHEW, Gt. World of 
London, p. 6, note. Fanciful metaphors 
contribute largely to the formation of 
slang. It is upon this principle that the 
mouth has come to be styled the ' tater- 
trap ' ; the teeth, DOMINOES. 

1864. E. D. FORGUES, in Revue des 
deiix Mondes, 15 Sept., p. 470. Le mot 
'dents' est remplace par celui de DOMINOS 
aussi bien sur les bordes de la Tamise que 
sur ceux de la Seine. 

2. (colloquial). The keys of 
a piano. 

To SLUICE ONE'S DOMINOES, 
verb. phr. (common). To drink. 
See quot., 1823 ante. 

DOMINO-THUMPER, subs, (com- 
mon). A pianist. 

DOMMERAR, DOMMERER, Or DUM- 

MERER, subs. (old). A beggar 
feigning to be deaf and dumb ; 
also, a madman. 

1567. HARMAN, Caveat, p. 57. 
These DOMMERARS are leud and most 
subtyll people : the moste part of these 
are Walch men, and wyll neuer speake, 
vnlesse they haue extreame punishment, 
but wyll gape, and with a maruelous force 
wyll hold downe their toungs doubled, 
groning for your charyty, and holding vp 
their handes full pitiously, so that with 
their deepe dissimulation they get very 
much. 

1621. BURTON, Anat. of Mel., I., 
II., IV., vi., 233 (1836). It compels some 
miserable wretches to counterfeit several 



diseases, to dismember, make themselves 
blind, lame, to have a more plausible 
cause to beg ... we have DUMMERERS, 
Abraham men, etc. 

1671. R. HEAD, English Rogue, pt. 
I., ch. v. (Repr. 1874), p. 49. DOMMERAR, 
a Madman. 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet. DOM- 
MEROR, a Madman. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum. DOM- 
MERER, a fellow that pretends to be deaf 
and dumb. 



DON, subs, (colloquial). An adept; 
a swell ; also a man that * puts 
on side.' At the Universities a 
fellow or officer of a college; 
whence the vulgar usage. [From 
Latin, dominus, a lord, through 
the Spanish title.] 

1665. DRYDEN, Indian Emperor, 
Epilogue, 21. For the great DONS of wit- 
Phoebus gives them full privilege alone, 
To damn all others, and cry up their own. 

_ 1698-1700. WARD, London Spy, pt. 
xiii., p. 299. Like the Great Old DONS of 
the Law, when they dance the Measures in 
an Inns-of-Court Hall upon the first day 
of Christmas. 

1730. JAS. MILLER, Humours of 
ford, Act I., p. 7(2 ed.) The old DONS . . 
. . will come cringing, cap in hand, to offer 
to show the ladies the curiosities of the 
college. 

1826. REYNOLDS ('Peter Corcoran') 
Song on the Fancy. Dull innocence ! 
Twaddle on, Thy weary worshipper and 
fain Would give thee up, to be a DON, 
And beat the watch in Drury Lane. 

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, ch. 
xi. Does not go much into society, except 
.... once or twice to the houses of great 
country DONS who dwell near him in the 
country. 

c. 1880. Broadside Ballad, sung by 
JENNY HILL. ' 'Arry, 'Arry, There you 
are now, 'Arry, I say, 'Arry, by Jove, 
you are a DON.' 

Adj. (common). Clever, ex- 
pert ; first rate. [From the subs. 
sense. ] 



Dona. 



307 



Donkey. 



DONA, DONNA, DONNY, or DONER, 

subs. (vulgar). A woman. 
[From the Italian.] For syno- 
nyms, see PETTICOAT. 

1875. Athemeum, 24 April, p. 545, 
col. 2. A circus man almost always speaks 
of a circus woman, not as a woman, but a 

DONA. 

DONAKER, subs. (old). A cattle- 
lifter. 

1669. Nicker Nicked, in Harl. 
Misc. (ed. Park), ii., 108. 

DONE! intj. (common). An inter- 
jection of acceptance or agree- 
ment. 

1602. DEKKER, Honest Whore, in 
wks. (1873), ii., 17. Cast. . . . Tie wage 
a hundred duckats upon the head on't, that 
it moves him, frets him, and galles him. 
Pio. DONE, 'tis a lay, joyne gols [hands] 
on't. 

1761. COLMAN, Jealous Wife, IV., 
in wks. (1777), i., 106. Why, it's a match, 
miss ! it's DONE and DONE on both sides. 

1762. GOLDSMITH, Life of Nash, in 
wks., p. 546 (Globe). Why, if you think 
me a dab 1 will get this strange gentleman, 
or this, pointing to the flat. DONE ! cries 
the sailor, but you shall not tell him. 

1840. THACKERAY, Paris Sketch-book, 
p. 196. ' I will bet thee thy water for a 
year that none of the three will pray for 
thee.' ' DONE ! ' said Rollo. ' DONE ! 
said the daemon.' 

Ppl. adj. (common). Exhaus- 
ted ; ruined ; cheated ; convicted. 

[See Do in most of its senses. ] 



DONE-OVER, adj. (common). I. 
Intoxicated. For synonyms, see 
SCREWED. 

2. (venery). Possessed in kind; 
said only of women. 

DONKEY, subs, (printers'). I. A 
compositor ; pressmen are in 
turn called PIGS (q.v.). 



ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Ass ; 
moke ; galley-slave. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Un 
mulet (printers' ) ; tin compositeur 
mie de pain (an unskilled or 
clumsy workman ; mie de pain 
also a louse); un marron (a 
compositor working on his own 
account with another printer's 
plant) ; un homme de lettres 
( = a man of letters) ; un singe 
( = a monkey) ; un amphibie (a 
compositor who is DONKEY and 
PIG \_q.v^\ together). 
1857. In Notes and Queries, z S., iv., 

192. Compositors are jocosely called 

mokes or DONKEYS. 

2. (nautical). A sailor's chest. 

3. (colloquial). A blockhead. 
For synonyms, see CABBAGE-HEAD 
and BUFFI.E. 

A PENNY, TWOPENCE Or 
THREEPENCE MORE AND UP 
GOES THE DONKEY, phr. (com- 
mon). An exclamation of derision. 
[Street acrobats' : the custom was 
to finish off the pitch by balancing 
a donkey at the top of a ladder on 
receipt of ' tuppence more ' ; which 
sum, however often subscribed, 
was always re-demanded, so that 
the donkey never * went up ' at 
all.] 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 41, col. 2. 
Mr. Joseph Muggins begs to inform his 
old crony, Punch, that the report of Sir 
John Pullon, ' as to the possibility of 
elevating an ass to the head of the poll by 
bribery and corruption ' is perfectly 
correct, provided there is no abatement in 
the price. Let him canvass again, and 
Mr. J. M. pledges himself, whatever his 
weight, if he will only stand ONE PENNY 

MORE, UP GOES THE DONKEY ! 

1850. F. E. S MED LEY, Frank 
Fairleigh, ch. xv. He . . . has left the 
key in the lock ; so I shall take the liberty 
of exploring a little ; I've a strong though 
undeveloped taste for architectural antiqui- 
ties. TWOPENCE MORE, AND UP GOES THE 
DONKEY ! Come along ! So saying, he 
flung open the door. 



Donkey-Drops. 



38 Dorttyou wish, &c. 



WHO STOLE THE DONKEY ? 
phr. (common). A street cryonce 
in vogue on the appearance of a 
man in a white hat. With a 
similar expression ' Who stole the 
leg of mutton ' ? applied to the 
police, it had its rise in a case of 
larceny. J. H. Dixon, writing to 
Hotten, Nov. 6th, 1864, remem- 
bered both. The first occurred at 
Hatton Garden Police Court, 
where a man, wearing a white 
hat, was charged with stealing a 
costermonger's donkey. 

1889. Sporting Times, 3 Aug., p. 3, 

Col. 5. WHO STOLE THE DONKEY? The 

man with the white hat ! This was a very 
popular street colloquy some years ago. 

TO RIDE THE DONKEY, verb, 
phr. (common). To cheat with 
weights and measures. Also 
DONKEY - RIDING = cheating as 
aforesaid. Cf., AMBUSH. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, or 
Rogue's Lexicon. DONKEY - RIDING. 
Cheating in weight or measure ; mis- 
counting. 

TO TALK THE HIND LEG OFF 

A DONKEY. See TALK. 



DONKEY-DROPS, subs. phr. (cricket). 
See quot. 

1890. THE HON. AND REV. E. 

LYTTELTON, Cricket, p. 69. Slow round- 
hand bowling, such as is seldom seen in 
good matches, but is effective against boys, 
and is known by the contumelious desig- 
nation Of DONKEY-DROPS. 

DON KEY'S- EARS, subs, (old). All 
old-fashioned shirt - collar with 
long points. 

DONNA. See DONA. 



DONNISH, adj. DONNISM, DON- 
NISHNESS, subs. (University). 
Arrogant ; arrogance. [From DON 



1823. Hints for Oxford, p. 66. The 
Bachelors, we imagine, are the most 
pleasant set of beings in Oxford . . . 
They have luckily not been so long 
emancipated as to have become stiff, and 
DONNISH, and disagreeable. 

c. 1830. Ballad, quoted in N. and 
Q., 2nd S., xii., 154. Our Yankee, who'd 
commenced the fight and rather to be 
DONNISH meant, Sam sqitabbled felt (as 
well he inigh)vrit\\ genu-ine astonishment. 

1853. THACKERAY, in Scribners Mag. , 
Oct., 1887, p. 415. At Boston is very good 
literate company indeed ; it is like Edin- 
burgh for that, a vast amount of toryism 
and DONNISHNESS everywhere. 

1888. MRS. WARD, Robt. Elsmere, 
vol. I., bk. I., ch. ii., p. 48. He was a 
curious man, a refined-looking, melancholy 
creature, with a face that reminded you of 
Wordsworth, and cold DONNISH ways, 
except to his children and the poor. 

DON NY. See DONA. 

DONOVANS, subs. (old). Potatoes. 
Cf., MURPHY. [Donovan, like 
Murphy, is a common Irish pa- 
tronym. ] 

DON'S WEEK, subs. phr. (tailors'). 
The week before a general holi- 
day. 

DON'T GET YOUR BACK UP. See 

BACK, and HOLD YOUR HAIR 
ON. 

DON'T-NAME-'EMS, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). Trousers. For syno- 
nyms, see KICKSIES. 

DON'T YOU WISH YOU MAY GET IT, 

phr. (street). A retort forcible. 

1837. BARHAM, Ingoldsby Legends 
(ed. 1862,), p. 179. A thousand marks, 
continued the confessor. . . . Sir Guy 
shrank from the monk's gaze ; he turned to 
the window, and muttered to himself some- 
thing that sounded like, ' DON'T YOU WISH 

YOU MAY GET IT?' 

1841. Punch, vol. I., p. 22, col. 2. 
Who would own her heart thine, Though a 
monarch beset it, And love on unchanged, 
DON'T YOU WISH YOU MAY GET IT?' 



Doodle. 



309 



Dor. 



1844. Puck, p. 14. The Proctor 
caught him in a spree, Asked his name and 
college with courtesie ; ' DON'T YOU WISH 
YOU MAY GET IT ? ' and off he ran, Did my 
spicy swell small college man. 

DOODLE, subs., (old). i. A dolt. 
For synonyms, see BUFFLE and 
CABBAGE-HEAD. [Thought to be 
a corruption of DAWDLE, to trifle.] 

1775. ASH, Eng. Diet., s.v. 

1830. S. WARREN, Diary of a Late 
Physician, ch. v. I know it was every 
word composed by that abominable old 

addlehead, Dr. , a DOODLE that he 

is! 

2. (old). The penis. For 
synonyms, see CREAMSTICK. 
1785. GROSE, Die. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

DOODLED,///, adj. (old). Cheated, 
'done.' 

1823. MONCRIEFF, Tom and Jerry, 
i., 7. No, I'm out of spirits because I have 
been dished and DOODLED out of forty 
pounds to-day. 

DOODLE-DASHER, subs, (venery). 
A masturbator. [From DOODLE, 
the penis + DASHER.] 

DooDLE-DOO-MAN,.rfo. (old cock- 
pit). A cockfighter or breeder. 
[From the childish name for 
poultry.] 

DOODLESACK, subs, (old). The 
female pudendum. Also DOODLE- 
CASE and DOODLE-TRAP. For 
synonyms, see MONOSYLLABLE. 

DOOG, adj. (back-slang). Good. 

DOOKIE, subs, (theatrical). A 
penny show or unlicensed theatre. 
Cf., GAFF. 

DOOKIN and DOOKERING, subs. 
(thieves' and gypsies'). Fortune- 
telling. 

1857. SNOWDEN, Mag. Assistant, 
3rd ed., p. 444. 



DOOKIN-COVE, subs, (common). 
A fortune-teller. [From DOOKIN 
= fortune-telling = COVE, a man. ] 

DOOR-NAIL. DEAD AS A DOOR- 
NAIL. See DEAD. 

DOORSMAN, subs, (common). See 
BARKER and CLICKER. 

DOORSTEP, subs, (common). A 
thick slice of bread and butter. 
Fr., une fondant e. 

1885. Miss TENNANT, in Eng. III. 
Mag., Tune, p. 604. DOORSTEPS, I 
found, were thick slices of bread spread 
with jam. 

1890. Spectator^ 3 May, Rev. of 
vol. I., ' Slang and its Analogues.' . . . 
The extraordinary ' bouncer ' that a very 
common request at Lockhart's coffee - 
houses in London is for ' a DOORSTEP and 
a sea-rover,' i.e., for a halfpenny slice of 
bread and butter and a herring, &c. 

DOOTEROOMUS or Door, subs. 
(American). Money. For syno- 
nyms, see ACTUAL and GILT. 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, s.v. 

DOPE, verb (American). To 
drug with tobacco. Also DOPING 
the practice. 

DOPEY, subs. (old). i. A beggar's 
trull. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 



2. (old). The podex. 

DOR, subs. (Old Westminster 
School). I. See quot. 

1715. J. KERSEY, English Dictionary. 
Sub voce, a term used at Westminster 
School for leave to sleep awhile. 

2. (old). An affront. 
1600. JONSON, Cynthia, s Revels. 



Doras. 



310 



Doss. 



DORAS, subs. (Stock Exchange). 
South- Eastern Railway Deferred 
Ordinary Stock, sometimes applied 
to the ' A ' Stock. 

DOKB\E,sttds. (Scots Masonic). An 
initiate. 

THE DORBIES' KNOCK, subs, 
phr. A peculiar rap given by 
masons as a signal amongst them- 
selves. It may be represented by 
the time of the following notes : 



rrcirr 



DORCAS, subs, (colloquial), A 
sempstress ; especially one em- 
ploying herself for charitable pur- 
poses. 

DORSE. See Doss. 

DOSE, subs, (thieves'). I. A sen- 
tence of imprisonment ; speci- 
fically three months' hard la- 
bour. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. Spell, 
time, drag, three moon, length, 
stretch, seven-pennorth, sixer, 
twelver, lagging. 

FRENCH SYNONYM. Une 
marque. 

1877. Five Years Penal Servitude, 
ch. iii., p. 22. 'What's yer POSE?' look- 
ing on to my badge ; ' five, oh, you can do 
that little lot on yer 'ed easy.' 

2. (thieves'). A burglary. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, or 
Rogues Lexicon, s.v. 

3. (pugilistic). A beating. 

1819. MOORE, Tom Crib's Memorial 
to Congress, p. 17. Sandy tipp'd him a 
DOSE of that kind, that, when taken, It 
isn't the stuff, but the patient that's shaken. 



4. (colloquial). As much 
liquor as one can hold, 

TO HAVE A DOSE OF THE 
BALMY, verbal phr. (common). 
To 'do a sleep.' See BALMY and 
Doss. 

TO TAKE A GROWN MAN'S 
DOSE, verb. phr. (common). To 
take a very large quantity of 
liquor. 

Doss or DORSE, subs, (vagrants'). 
A bed, or lodging ; also a sleep, 
or LIB (q.v.}. [Origin uncertain.] 
For synonyms, see KIP and 
BALMY. 

1789. GEO. PARKER, Lifers Painter, 
p. 165. Dorsed. The place where a person 
sleeps, or a bed. ' I DORSED there last 
darkey.' 

1858. MAYHEW, Paved -with Gold, 
p. 118. Into this branch curtained retreat, 
the lads crept on all fours, one after another, 
to enjoy their DOSS, as, in their slang, they 
called sleep. 

1883. Daily News, 3 April, p. 3, 
col. 5. He replied that he had only come 
there to have a DOSS (sleep). 

1889. Pall Mall Gazette, 9 Sep., p. 3, 
col. 2. If you want a DOSS, a DOSS is 
provided. A wooden framework, about as 
wide as the widest part of a coffin, and a 
wooden pillow and a blanket of leather. 

Verb (vagrants') To sleep. 
For synonyms, see BALMY and 
infra. Also DORSE. 

ENGLISH SYNONYMS. To go 
to the arms of Murphy (q.v.) ; 
to have forty winks ; to go 
to Bedfordshire ; to take a 
little (or do a dose) of the 
balmy ; to chuck (or do) a doss ; 
to snooze ; to go to by-by ; to 
read the paper ; to shut one's eyes 
to think ; to retire to the land of 
Nod. 

FRENCH SYNONYMS. Battre 
la convert e (military) ; se f outre un 
coup de traversin ( = to have a 



Dosser. 



3 i 1 Dot-and- Carry- One. 



little turn up with the bolster) ; se 
backer , pagnolter or percher (to 
roost) ; se mettre dans la bdche ; 
se bourser (popular) ; eteindre son 
gaz (popular : to put out one's 
light ; = also to die); entrer aux 
quinze-vingts (Les Qttinze-vingts 
= a government hospital for the 
blind) ; dorntir en chien de fusil 
(i.e., to sleep sitting, the head be- 
tween the knees) ; domiir en gen- 
darme (popular : ' to sleep with 
one eye round the corner') \fermer 
les chdssis (to put up shutters or 
* peepers') ; se caller dans le pieti 
(popular). 

SPANISH SYNONYMS. Acos- 
tarse con las gallinas (= to go to 
bed by cock-light) ; encamarse ; 
tomarle d uno el sueno ; tumbar 
(literally, to tumble down). 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongue, 
s.v. To DORSE with a woman signifies to 
sleep with her. 

1846. Punch, vol. XI., p. 163.. Then 
silent flowed the tears of those maidens as 
perforce, Each saw her favourite champion 
sent, as Bell's Life says, DORSE. 

1850. Lloyds Weekly, 3 Feb., ' Low 
Lodging House of London.' One said, 
Mate, how long have you been knocking 
about ; where did you DOSS ? I didn't 
know what they meant, and when they'd 
told me, they meant, where did I sleep ? 

DOSSER, subs, (vagrants'). One 
who frequents a DOSS HOUSED. z>.). 

'APPY-DOSSERS, subs. (vag- 
rants'). Houseless vagrants who 
creep in, sleep on stairs, in pas- 
sages, and in empty cellars. 

1880. G. R. SIMS, How the Poor 
Live, p. 43. A 'APPY DOSSER can make 
himself comfortable anywhere. I heard^of 
one who used to crawl into the dust-bin, 
and pull the lid down. 

1883. Referee, 15 July, p. 7, col. 2. 
The Lazaruses of to-day don't lie exactly 
at Dives's front door the police are too 
active to allow such HAPPY DOSSING as that. 



THE DOSSER, subs. The father 
of a family. 

DOSS-HOUSE or DOSSING-CRIB or 
KEN, suds, (vagrants'). A com- 
mon lodging-house. [From DOSS, 
to sleep + CRIB, or KEN, a place 
of abode.] Fr., un bastengtteD& 
un garno. English variants : 
LlBKEN, TWO-PENNY-ROPE, PAD- 
DING-KEN, and KIDDEN (all of 
which see}. Doss - MONEY = the 
price of a night's lodging. 

1838. Comic A Imanack, April. The 
hulks is now my bowsing-crib, the hold my 

DOSSING-KEN. 

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 150. When 
their funds are insufficient to defray the 
charge of a bed, or a part of one, at a 
country DOSSING - CRIB (his lodging 
house). 

1885. Daily Telegraph, 22 August, p. 
2. col. i. Her's is no common DOSSING- 
CRIB, with a squalid kitchen, common to all 
comers. 

1889. Globe, 29 Aug., p. 2, col. 2. 
Various other smart people who are at pre- 
sent residing in the DOSS-HOUSES of 
London. 

1890. Speaker, 22 Feb., p. 211, col. i. 
Equally bad DOSS-HOUSES exist in Not- 
ting Hill and near Drury Lane. 

DOSSY, adj. (common). Elegant, 
'SPIFF' (.v.). 



DOT, subs. (old). A ribbon. DOT- 
DRAG = a watch ribbon. 

1821. D. HAGGART, Life, Glossary, 
p. 171, s.v. 

DOT-AN D-CARRY-, Or GO-ON E, subs. 
phr. (common). I. Properly, 
a man with a wooden leg; by 
implication, a HOPPING - GILES 
or LIMPING JESUS (q.v.). Fr., 
un (or une) banban. Cf., verbal 
sense. 

1785. GROSE, Diet. Vulg. Tongvc, 
s.v. 



Do tell. 



312 



Double. 



1822. SCOTT, The Fortunes of Nigel, 
ch. v. That was his father . . . You old 
dotard. DOT-AND-CARRY-ONE that you 
are. 



1837. BARHAM, I 
(Lay of S. Nicholas). 



oldsby Legends 
ow he rose with 
the sun, limping DOT AND GO ONE. 

1841. LEMAN REDE, Sixteen String 
Jack, Act L, Sc. 4. Kit. Of all the 
rummy chaps I ever did see, thatDOT-AND- 
CARRY-ONE-OF-old poetry is the queerest ; 
he's as green as a babby, and as deep as a 
wooden spoon. 

2. (old). A writing-master or 
teacher of arithmetic. [GROSE, 
1785.] 

F^ (old). To 'hirple'; es- 
pecially applied to a person 
with one leg shorter than the 
other, or, ' with an uneven keel. ' 

Do TELL ! intj. (American). A 
useful interjection, for listeners 
who feel that some remark is 
expected; equivalent to the English 
Really ? and Indeed ? A similar 
phrase in the South is the old 
English, You don't say so ? which 
a Yankee will vary by, I want 
to know ! Do TELL is also used 
with inexperienced Munchausens 
who by its means may often be 
lured to repeat themselves. 
1824. R. B. PEAKE, Americans 

Abroad, Act I., Sc. ii. Mrs. L. But 

when they order nothing at all Dou\ 

What then, DU PRAY TELL ? 

1854. N. andQ., i S., x.,p. 84, R. Does 

Jeremiur behave well now ? *$". No, he's 

very ugly. He tried to burn the barn. R. 

DO TELL ! 

1871. DE VERB, Americanisms, p. 

598 s.v. 

DOTS, subs. (American journalist). 
I. Items of news. 

2. (popular). Money. For 
synonyms, see ACTUAL and GILT. 

D o T T E R , subs, (common). A 
reporter ; penny-a-liner. Cf. t 
DOTS, sense I. 



DOTTLE, subs, (common). The 
same as DODDER (q.v.). 

1885. JOHN COLEMAN, in Longin. 
Mag., VII., 69. During the performance 
of ' It's Never Too Late to Mend,' some 
gentleman of the proletariat, in knocking 
out the burning DOTTLE of his pipe, suc- 
ceeded in setting the gallery on fire. 

DOTTY, adj. and adv. (common). 
i. Feeble; dizzy; idiotic; e.%. , 

DOTTY IN THE CRUMPET = weak 

inTTiehead ; DOTTY IN THE PINS 
= unsteady on the legs. [TOTTY 
is given in Cole's Eng. Diet. 
(1724) = dizzy, but cf., DOTISH 
and DOTAGE.] For synonyms, 
see APARTMENTS, BALMY, and 
Cf. t CABBAGE-HEAD. 

1870. Sportsman, 9 April. Although 
he begins to go a little stiff in his limbs and 
DOTTY on his feet he enjoys good health. 

1884. Daily Telegraph, 9 April, p. 2, 
col. 6. His bad leg grows worse . . and, 
as usual, he [a race-horse] pulled up in a 
DOTTY condition. 

1889. Ally Slopers Half Holiday, 
3 T Aug., p. 242, col. 3. As poor Doody on 
his knees had dropt In front of lovely 
lottie, And the fatal question just had 
pop't. He really look'd quite DOTTY. 

Subs, (common). The fancy 
man of prostitutes of the lowest 
type. 

DOUBITE, subs. (old). A street. 

1859. MATSELL, Vocabulum, or 
Rogue's Lexion, s.v. 

DOUBLE, su&s. (colloquial). i. A 
trick. 

2. (theatrical). An actor play- 
ing two parts in the same piece ; 
used also as a verb. 

1825. EGAN, Life of an Actor, ' The 
Country Manager. ' I make no reserve for 
myself, like all other managers ; indeed, I 
am to DOUBLE any character, and only 
anxious to make the most of every little 
bit. 

3. (thieves'). See quot. 



Double-back. 



3'3 



Double-event. 



1879. J. W. HORSLEY, in Macm. 
g:, xl., 501. I piped a slavey (servant) 
come out of a chat (house), so when she had 
got a little way up the DOUBLE (turning) I 
pratted (went) in the house. 

4. (printers'). Repetition of a 
word or sentence. 

[DOUBLE, adj. and adv., is also used as 
an intensitive in many obscene or offensive 
connotations : e.g., DOUBLE-ARSED = large 
in the posteriors; DOUBLE-DUGGS (and 
DOUBLE - DUGGED or DiDDiEo) = heavy 
breasted ; DOUBLE-GUTS (and DOUBLE - 
GUTTEo)=excessively corpulent ; DOUBLE- 
CUNTED = stretched beyond service; 
DOUBLE- HOCKED = abnormally thick 
ankled ; DOUBLE-SHUNG = extravagantly 
large in the genitals ; DOUBLE-MOUTHED= 
mouth-almighty (<?.v.) ', and so forth.] 

TO PUT THE DOUBLE ON, 
verb. phr. (colloquial). To 
circumvent. 

TO TIP or GIVE THE DOUBLE, 
verb. phr. (common). To run or 
slip away openly or unperceived ; 
to double as a hare ; formerly 
to escape one's creditors. Also 

to TIP ONE THE DUBLIN PACKET. 

For synonyms, see AMPUTATE 
and SKEDADDLE. 

1781. G. PARKER, View of Society, 
I., 174, s.v. 

1860. The Druid, 'Post and Pad- 
dock.' Alas ! my innocent rural police, 
Your fondest hopes were a bubble ; Your 
attempts to prevent a breach of the peace, 
Your race o'er the Derbyshire stubble ; 
You must freely own that you felt like 
geese, When Sam Rogers GAVE YOU THE 

DOUBLE. 

1870.^ Daily News, 26 May. 'The 
Metropolitan Police." The policeman must 
do his best to ' keep square ' with the ser- 
geant who looks after him and his beats, 
who can be down upon him at any moment 
and DOUBLE UPON HIM three or four times 
a-night. 

1884. JHAWLEY SMART, Post to 
Finish, ch. i. Old Gregson would never 

PUT THE DOUBLE UPON US. No, it's 

right enough, you may depend upon it. 

DOUBLE- BACK, verb. phr. (collo- 
quial). To go back upon one- 
self; an action ; an opinion. 



DOUBLE-BARREL, subs, (popular). 
A field or opera glass. 

1890. H. D. TRAILL, Saturday 
Songs, p. 61. Intently as the masher plies 
O'er all the stage his DOUBLE-BARREL 
That Eightyer mute had fixed his eyes 
Upon his honoured guest's apparel. 

DOUBLE-BARRELLED,^', (venery). 
Said of a harlot working both 
before and behind. 

DOUBLE - BOTTOMED, adj. (collo- 
quial). Insincere ; saying one 
thing and meaning another. 

DOUBLE-BREASTED FEET, subs. phr. 
(common). Club feet. Also 
DOUBLE BREASTERS. 

DOUBLE-CROSSOI- DOUBLE-DOUBLE, 

subs, (sporting). Winning or 
doing one's best to win after 
engaging to lose or 'MIKE'; (q.v.}. 

1887. Referee, 21 Aug., i, 3. When 
the pair raced before, Teemer declared, and 
Hanlan did not deny, that a DOUBLE CROSS 
was brought off. Teemer promised to sell 
the match, and finished by selling those 
who calculated on his losing. 

DOUBLE- DISTILLED, adj. (collo- 
quial). Superlative : e.g., ' a 
double - distilled whopper ' = a 
tremendous lie. 

DOUBLE-DUTCH, adj. (colloquial). 
Unintelligible speech ; jargon ; 
gibberish. * It was all DOUBLE- 
DUTCH to me' = l didn't under- 
stand a word of it. 

DOUBLE- EVENT, subs, (sporting). 
i. Backing a horse for two 
races. 

1883. GRENVILLE MURRAY, People I 
Have Met, p. 155. His lordship, who had 
won largely on a DOUBLE EVENT. 

2. (venery). Gonorrhoea and 
syphillis at once. Said also of 
simultaneous defloration and im- 
pregnation.. 



Double-fain. 



3 1 4 Double- Tongued. 



DOUBLE- FINN, subs, (common). 
A 10 note. [See FINN.] 

1879. J.W.HORSLEY, \nMacm. Mag., 
xl., 505. Yes, there it was, fifty quid in 

DOUBLE FINNS (;lO notes). 

DOUBLE-HEADER, sttbs. (common). 
A false coin with a head on the 
obverse and reverse, made by 
soldering two split coins. Cf., 
COVER and HEADING 'EM. 

1887. Walfords Antiquarian, p. 
252. A DOUBLE-HEADER is the usual 
property of the gutter sharper. 

DOUBLE-JUGGS, subs. (old). The 
posteriors (Burton). For syno- 
nyms, see BLIND CHEEKS, BUM, 
and MONOCULAR EYEGLASS. 

DOUBLE-LINES, subs, (nautical). 
Ship casualties. So called from 
the manner of entering at Lloyd's. 

DOUBLER, subs, (pugilistic). A 
blow in the side or stomach, 
causing a man to bend from pain 
or lack of wind. Cf., DOUBLE 
UP, sense I. For synonyms, see 
DIG. 

1821. The Fancy, vol. I., p. 255. In 
the fourth round he came in all abroad, 
and got a DOUBLER in the bread-basket, 
which spoiled him for the remainder of the 
fight. 

DOUBLE-RIBBED, adj. fhr. (com- 
mon). Pregnant. For syn- 
onyms, see LUMPY. 

DOUBLE-SHOTTED, adj. (colloquial. 
Said of a whiskey (or brandy) 
and soda, containing twice the 
normal quantity of alcohol. 

DOUBLE-SHUFFLE, subs, (common). 
I. A hornpipe step in which each 
foot is shuffled twice in succes- 
sion, the more rapidly and 
neatly the better. 



1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, p. 
47. The waterman ... is dancing the 
DOUBLE SHUFFLE, in front of the pump, to 
keep his feet warm. 

1851-61. H. -MAYHEYV, London Lab. 
and Lon. Poor, vol. i., p. 542. I used 
to talk to him and whistle. I can 
just whistle . . . and to dance him the 

DOUBLE-SHUFFLE. 

1871. Echo, ii Dec., 'Sunday among 
the Silk Weavers.' The clumsy high low 
with which they execute scientific 'elephant 
dances' and DOUBLE-SHUFFLES. 

2. siibs. (common). A trick 
or fakement. 

DOUBLE-SLANG. See SLANGS. 

DOUBLE-SUCKER, sttbs. (venery). 
A term descriptive of an ab- 
normal development of the tissues 
"of the labia majora. 

DOUBLET, subs, (thieves'). A 
doctored diamond or other pre- 
cious stone. Cf., TRIPLET. 
[The quots. show derivation.] 

1706. E. COLES, Eng. Diet. DOUB- 
LET, a precious stone of two pieces joyned. 

1822. SCOTT, Fortunes of Nigel, 
ch. xxxi. Your een are sharp enough to 
look after gowd and silver, gems, rubies, 
and the like of that . . . Look at them 
they are a'right and tight, sound and 
round, not a DOUBLET crept in amongst 
them. 

1877. Five Years Penal Servitude, 
ch. iv., p. 273. Most jewellers and pawn- 
brokers are well acquainted with what are 
called DOUBLETS. These are rubies or 
emeralds made of two pieces. The face is 
a real ruby, emerald, or sapphire, as the 
case may be, and this is backed up by a 
piece of coloured glass. 

DOUBLE-THUMPER, subs, (com- 
mon). A prodigious lie. 

DOUBLE-TONGUED, adj. (collo- 
quial). Mendacious ; given to 
change opinions in changing 
company. 



Double-tongued Squib. 3 J 5 



Dowlas. 



DOUBLE-TONGUED SQUIB, siibs.phr. 
(common). A double-barrelled 
gun. For synonyms, see SQUIB. 

1864. G. W. REYNOLDS, Pickwick 
Abroad. A DOUBLE-TONGUED SQUIB to 
keep in awe The chaps that flout at me. 

DOUBLE-UP, verb (pugilistic). I. 
To punish. Also to be collapsed. 
C/., DOUBLER. 

1819. MOORE, Tcm Crib's Memorial, 
p. 20. DOUBLED him UP, like a bag of old 
duds. 

1827. REYNOLDS ('Peter Corcoran') 
The Fancy, note on p. 89. Randall 
DOUBLES UP an opponent, as a friend 
lately declared, as easily as [though he 
were picking a flower or pinching a girl's 
cheek. 

1830. S. WARREN, Diary of a Late 
Physician, ch. xii. Accompanied by a 
tremendous DOUBLING UP body-blow, as 
in an instant brought him senseless to the 
ground. 

1845. Punch, vol. IX., p. 163. Ben's 
reference to the Premier's friend, Canning, 
completely DOUBLED him UP. 

1849. THACKERAY, Dr. Birch, p. 6. 
I reflect as I go up and set him a sum, 
that he [Champion] could whop me in two 
minutes, DOUBLE UP Prince and the other 
assistant and pitch the Doctor out of the 
window. 

1866. London Miscellany, 5 May, 
p. 202. DOUBLED you UP, I mean, sir. 
Smashed you. 

2. (common). To pair off, to 
chum with. 

1885. W. WESTALL, Larry Lohen- 
grin, ch. iii. He . . . promised the 
steward a handsome tip if nobody were 
DOUBLED UP with him, i.e., if no other 
person were put into the same cabin. 

DOUGH, subs, (public schools') 
Pudding. 

DOUGH-BAKED, adj. phr. (collo- 
quial). Deficient in intellect. 
U. S. A. = Easily moulded : 
said of politicians. For syno- 
nyms, see APARTMENTS. 



1*575. WYCHERLEY, Country Wife, 
IV., iv. in wks. (1713), 212. These 
DOW-BAKED, sensless, indocile animals, 



DOUGHY, stibs. (common). A 
baker. See BURNCRUST, and for 
synonyms, MASTER OF THE 
ROLLS. 

DOUSE. See DOWSE. 

DOVER, subs, (hotel). A made 
dish ; hash ; rechauffe. 

DOVERS, subs. (Stock Exchange). 
South Eastern Railway 
Ordinary Stock. [From one of 
the termini on the line.] 

DOVES, subs. (University). 
Members of St. Catharine's Col- 
lege, Cambridge. See quot. 
Obsolete. 

1888. C. WHIBLEY, Three Centuries 
of Cambridge Wit, p. xxix. It is said 
that the members of St. Catharine's Hall 
were first of all called ' Puritans,' from the 
derivation of the name of their patroness from 
KaBaipttv. The 'dove' being the emblem 
of purity, to change a name from 'Puritans* 
to DOVES was but one short step. 

SOILED - DOVES, subs, (com- 
mon). High-class prostitutes. 
For synonyms, see BARRACK- 
HACK and TART. 

DOVE-TART, subs, (colloquial). A 
pigeon pie. (DOO-TAIRT is ex- 
cellent Scots for the same thing. ) 
Cf. , SNAKE TART = eel pie. 

1857. REV. E. BRADLEY ('Cuthbert 
Bede'), Verdant deen, pt. II., ch. vii. 
Why, a DOVE TART is what mortals call a 
pigeon-pie. 

DOWLAS, subs, (common). A 
draper. [From DOWLAS, now a 
kind of towelling, but mentioned 
by Shakspeare (i Henry IV., III., 
iii., 1597) as a material for shirts. 



Dowling. 



316 



Down. 



Popularised as a sobriquet by Col- 
man's Daniel Dowlas in The Heir 
at Law. See DICKEY DIAPER, 
and r/!, DRIPPING = cook; GRINDO 
= miller ; GALLIPOT = chemist ; 
LINT-SCRAPE R = surgeon, (q.v.\ 

DOWLING, subs, (public school). 
See quot. 

1871. Newspaper Report, 1 8 Feb., of 
of a charge of assault against the head boy 
of Shrewsbury School. Mr. Chandler 
addressed the Bench for the defence. He 
said the game of DOWLING was practised 
at Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Westminster 
and other large schools, etc. 

1877. Everyday Life in our Public 
Schools. There are four or five compulsory 
games a week (football) known as DOWLINGS 



DOWN, subs, (thieves'). i. Sus- 
picion ; alarm ; adiversion. THERE 
IS NO DOWN = All is quiet, it is 
safe to go on. 

1821. D. H AGO ART, Life, Glossary, 
p. 171. DOWN, alarm; rose the DOWN, 
gave the alarm. 

2. (American). Small beer. 
UP = bottled ale. 

Adv. (colloquial). I . Dispirited ; 
hard-up ; in disgrace. Found in 
various combinations : e.g., DOWN 

IN THE MOUTH, or DUMPS = 

dejected ; DOWN ON ONE'S LUCK 
= reduced in circumstances ; 
DOWN AT HEEL = shabby ; DOWN 

ON ONE'S BACK-SEAM = Out of 

luck ; DOWN TO BED-ROCK (Ameri- 
can) = penniless, etc., etc. 

1608-11. BISHOP HALL, Epistles, i., 
6. The Roman orator was DOWN IN THE 
MOUTH; finding himself thus cheated by the 
money-changer. 

1693. CONGREVE, Old Batchelor, 
Activ., Sc. 9. Sir J.Witt. Now am I 
slap-dash DOWN IN THE MOUTH, and have 
not one word to say ! 

1751. SMOLLETT, Peregrine Pickle, 
ch. xlix. He .... told the physician 



that he was like the root of the tongue, as 
being cursedly DOWN IN THE MOUTH. 

1836. C. DICKENS, Pickwick Papers, 
p. 6, (ed. 1857). I see never ruined 
accidents will happen best regulated 
families never say die DOWN UPON YOUR 
LUCK pull him up. 

1840. Comic Almanack, p. 208. 
Let's not be DOWN UPON OUR LUCK Nor 
out of heart at our condition. 

1846. THACKERAY, Vanity Fair, 
vol. II., ch. xxix. They say, that when 
Mrs. Crawley was particularly DOWN ON 
HER LUCK, she gave concerts and lessons 
in music here and there. 

1851. H. MAYHEW, Lon. Lab. and 
Lon. Poor, vol. I., p. 58. If the 
hucksters know that the person calling the 
raffle is DOWN, and that it is necessity 
that has made him call it, they will not 
allow the property put up to be thrown 
for. 

1861. MARIAN EVANS (G. Eliot), 
Silas Marner, ch. viii. Well, here's my 
turning, said Bryce, not surprised to per- 
ceive that Godfrey was rather DOWN ; 
so I'll bid you good-day. 

1864. EDMUND YATES, Broken to 
Harness, ch. x. What won't do ? asked 
Prescott, with flaming face, Why, this 
Kate Mellon business, Jim. It's on hot 
and strong, I know. You've been DOWN 
IN THE MOUTH all the time she was away. 

1880. A. TROLLOPE, The Duke's 
Children, ch. xlvii. I'm sorry you're so 
DOWN IN THE MOUTH. Why don't you 
try again ? 

1880. JAS. GREENWOOD, Veteran of 
Vauxhall'm 'Odd People in Odd Places,' 
p. 40. Then I got DOWN AT HKEL, as the 
saying is ; and when a man is reduced to 
one bare suit of black, and that one so 
shaky with long wear that it wants as 
tender handling as an invalid, he hasn't 
got much of a chance to get on well as a 
waiter. 

2. (old). Acquainted with ; 
'FLY' (q.v.}; UP TO (q-v.}. Also 
in combination : DOWN TO, DOWN 
ON, and DOWN AS A HAMMER. 

1610. JONSON, Alchemist, IV., iv. 
Thou art so DOWN UPON the least disaster ! 
How would'st thou ha' done, if I had not 
help't the