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Full text of "Smaw's Wilmington directory [serial]"

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THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 



ALTERS & CO., 




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iTiiynoi^E. 



(JLi) ^£5is (Lj) 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINL^NA 

ENDOWED BY 

JOHN SPRUNT HILL 
CLASS OF 1889 




WHOLESALE DEALERS IX 




Sole Proprietors of the Celebrated 

BAKER'S PURE RYE WHISKEY, 



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ADVERTISEMENTS 



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"Wholesale and Retail Dealers 

IN ANU MANL'FACTUUEKS UK 

3^^E:tT'B J^IS^ID BOYS' 






WWlO 




.Mill M 





FURNISHING GOODS^ 

Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps. Trunks, &c. 





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In the latest and most approved 
Style of the Fashions. 




Goods Sold at Prices Lower than by Any Other House 

IN THE CITY. 

OUR JOBBING DEPARTMENT IS COMPLETE, 

And wholesale buyers will do Avell to give us a call, at 

^^ 10 North Front Str^ 

*^.n STAND,) 



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ADVERTISEMENTS. 



HIREISS & HOWELL, 

Commission Merchants, 

No. 1 Murphy's Wharves, N. Water Street, 

(BETWEEN PRINCESS AND CHESNUT.) 

wiiciiiii^^oiir^ m. ©. 

196 WATER STREET, NEW YORK 

AGENTS FOR 




New York Line of Steamers 



Liberal advances made on consignments to our New York 
House on Produce, which will be forwarded through free 
of commissions. 

Consignments are covered by Insurance from ports and 
nlaces in North and South Carolina, by Rail Roads, Steam 
•^ts and Flats on the river to a shipping point, and 
* to New York. "^ 

Mpments should be c'»"' 
"'^e from poin^ 
^»gb ""' 



1 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



DAVID AARON. 



MARKET 



jg 



WffiMllFC 



Wholesale and 





ADVERTISEMENTS. 



CARROLL & CO., 



ERVERS, 

(^1 



.T STREET, 

O SOLE AGENTS FOR 



ndensed Milk Cknnpany. 



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± 



ADVERTISEMENTS- 



CONFECTIONERY AND BAKERY, 

PCQ)» g§ ^mtk Wf^Q>Bt StP©©t» 

WILMINGTON, N. C. 



JAMBS mr. liilPPITT^ 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 




WEST INDIA and DOMESTIC FRUITS, 
CANNED FRUITS, PRESERVES, JELLIES, FINE WINES, 

Imported and Domestic Cigars, 

FINE SMOKING AND CHEWING TOBACCO, 

A\D A GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF 



My Manufacturing Department and Bakery is one of the 
most complete in the South and Customers can rely upon 
always finding iresh Candies, Bread, Kolls, Plain & Fancy 
Cakes, Jellies, Ice Cream, Crackers, &c., &c. 

^laht aub d^rnanuitlal Balung bone for BiJlcbbings, |3artiee, ^c. 
The Trade supplied with Fresh Candies of my own 
manufacture and every variety of goods in my branch of 
business at the lowest wholesale prices. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



*? 



WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN 



Staple ill Ficr Orj Good!! 




LATEST PARISIAN STYLES OF 



LADIES' HATS, BONNETS, RIBBONS, 



-AND- 



Millinery of all Kinds. 

Our Stock is complete in every department, and is offered at rates as low as 
by any otlier house in the city. Great inducements offered to wholesale buyers. 
Purchasers cannot fail to be suited in superior goods and low prices at 

WILMINGTON, N. C. 






SMAWS 
WILMINGTON DIRECTORY 



COMPRISING A 



General and City Business Directory, 



AND A 



giitrtorii of €(^Uxu\ ^am\^, 



TO -WHICn IS ADDED 



A Complete Mistorical and Conimercial Sketch of the City, 




COMPILED BY 



"Speak of me as I am ; nothing extenuate, 
Nor set down aught in malice." 



PUBLISHED BY 

FRANK 13. SMA\\^, Jr 

No. 7 North Front Street, 

WlLMINfiTOK, N'. C. 



PREFACE. 



After several months of unceasing toil, and having labored 
under the many difficulties incident to a task of the kind, the 
publisher is pleased to present to the public the Second Volume 
of the Wilmington Directory. 

In doing so he would state that, in order to keep pace with 
the rapid advancement of the city, no necessary expense has 
been spared and every energy has been exerted to render it a 
work handsome in style, complete in arrangement, and correct 
and useful in all its detail. 

In its contents will be found an Historical and Commercial 
Sketch of Wilmington, from the earliest date of its existence to 
the present time. This sketch has been prepared by a gentle- 
man fully qualified to execute the difficult task, at a large ex- 
penditure of labor, and after a careful research into all records 
tending to develop any facts in relation to the city. 

Every attention has been paid to its general arrangement, 
all useful information applicable to a work of the kind has been 
carefully compiled, and it is hoped will prove correct and valu- 
able to all. 

The new system of numbering, as recently authorized by the 
city government, will be found in its columns, with an explana- 
tion of the same attached. 

" He that hath much to do will do something wrong," is an 
old maxim ; but it is confidently believed that the present volume 
has acquired as great a degree of correctness as is attainable in 
an undertaking comprising so many difficulties. 

With an earnest wish that the Directory may prove fully 
equal to the expectations formed of it, and with many thanks 
for the kind patronage bestowed upon the past and present 
editions, he trusts that each successive volume will merit the 
same kind favor so generously awarded the preceding ones. 

Frank D. Smaw, Jr., 

Compiler and Publisher, 

V 






EXPLANATIONS OF MAP. 



The following diagram is intended to represent the position of 
the principal streets in the city and to illustrate the Decimal 
System of numbering as recently adopted by the City Govern- 
ment and which the compiler of the present volume was author- 
ized by that body to execute. The plan known as the Decimal 
System of numbering, is as follows : — 

One hundred numbers are allotted to each opposite square, 
each square commencing with a new hundred, thus — We com- 
mence at the foot of Market Street and No. 1, and continue 
upwards as far as the number of buildings will permit the fig- 
ures to run. At the corner of Front street (on Market), the 
numbering will commence with 100 and continue as before. 
At the corner of Second street the number will be 200, &c. 

The even numbers are placed on the left hand and odd num- 
bers on the right hand side of each street, beginning at the start- 
ing point and running in the direction of the terminus of each 
street. Numbers properly arranged suggest distances to the 
mind, but when improperly placed lead to confusion, thus it 
will be seen that the number 100 on Market street, corner of 
Front will readily designate the distance from Water street, 
(the starting point of Market) to be one square from Water, 
the number 200 on Market, corner of Second, to be two squares 

&c. 

The city is divided into four Wards, as follows : 

The 1st Ward embraces all that portion of the city north of 
the middle of Market Street and east of the middle of Third 
street. 

The 2d Ward all that portion north of the middle of Market 
and west of the middle of Third Streets. 

The 3d Ward all that portion south of the middle of Market 
and west of the middle of Third. 

The 4th Ward all that portion south of the middle of Market 
and east of the middle of Third. 

All Streets designated as north and south — streets run north 
and south and cross Market street. 



Aehe 

Smith No. 1500 



HowardNo.1400 



Taylor No. 1300 



Nison No. 1200 
Swann No. 1100 
Harnett No.lOOO 
Bladen No. 900 



B'BwickNo.800 
Hanover No.700 



C'pbell No. 600 



E. Cross No. 500 



Walnut No. 400 



Mulb'y No. 



Chesnut No. 200 



? 


Princess No. 100 


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Market No. 2 


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No. 1501 



No. 1401 



No. 1301 



No. 1201 


No. 1101 


No. 1001 



No. 901 



No. 801 



No._701^ 
No. COl 



No. 501 ^ 
No. 401 



No. 301 



No. 201 



No. 101 




No. 1 



H 

MARKET STREET, g 



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Market 


No. 1 






CO 

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Dock 


No. 101 










Orange 


No. 201 


Ann 


No. 301 


Nun 


No. 401 















Church No. 501 



Castle No. 601 



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No. 2 



No. 100 



Queen No. 701 



WoosterNo.801 



Dawson No. 901 



Wright No. 1001 



Meares No. 1101 ' 



Mareteller 



No. 200 



No. 300 



No. 400 



No. 500 



No. 600 



No. 700 



No. 800 



No. 900 



No. 1000 



No. 1100 



J^ 



ADVERTISEMENTB. 



13 



19 



19 




11 





^ 




H. l/VKBB^ Proprietor; 



IMPORTER OF 




^^ttir^ 



A Full Supply of tlie Finest Imported and 

Domestic Liquors of all kinds 

always on liand- 



W^ (^m^i 






And other delicacies in their respective seasons. 



WILMINGTON, N. C. 



14 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



L B, HUGGINS. 



JAS. B. HUGGINS. 



HUGGINS ^ GO. 




Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 

SI 



Its 







PROVISIONS, 

"WINES, LIQUORS, 



DRY GOODS, 



&C-- &c. 



A complete assortment of every class of Goods in our line. 
Families furnished at the lowest D>arket rates. Our Stock is 
unsurpassed by any house in the City. 

TTHOLESALE BUYERS 

Who study their interest should examine our Stock. The Trade 
Supplied at Lowest Wholesale Prices. 



Mos. 201 i 113 Market St. 



9 



S. E. con- SEOOISrH), 






HISTORICAL 



AND 



COMMERCIAL SKETCH 



OF 



WILMINGTON, N. C. 



BY 



J, T. JAMES, 



A 



HISTOEICAL AND COMMEECIAL SKETCH 

OP THE 

Cnf^ OF WILMINGTON. N. C. 

As a preface or introduction to a work of this nature, it would not be 
inappropriate to trace the history of the place itself, from the date of the 
earliest authentic records, up to the present time, giving, as nearly as is possi- 
ble, a complete sketch of the commercial growth and prosperity of the city. 
Such is the aim of the present writer, who hopes that this article may 
prove of interest to all — to the general reader, as well as to him who \s 
more nearly allied to the mercantile interests of the city. 

And yet, the task is no easy one. Bancroft, in his History of the 
United States, bitterly complains of the carelessness manifested in pre- 
serving the ancient records of the history of North Carolina. The reproach 
is a well merited one, and to no section is it more applicable than to that 
of the Cape Fear. The history of its past is almost a traditional one. 
Records, such indeed as they were, have nearly all been lost or destroyed, 
and those who could have furnished us with some gleanings from their 
own youthful recollections, have all passed away from the scene. Other 
States, and, indeed, some portions of our own State, have had their his- 
torians, — men who, while actors and records still existed, have endeavored 
to preserve somewhat of the illustrious past for the benefit of future ages. 
But, alas ! the Cape Fear has never had its historian. Rich and fruitful 
as its past must have been in themes of interest and adventure, of daring 
and of patriotism, it has never yet had its recording scribe. Our public 
records, meagre and imperfect as they are, are fast yielding to the en- 
croachments of neglect and decay, and the private family traditions from 
which much might yet be gained, are gradually, yet surely, passing from 
the minds of men. Will not the filial hand of some son of the Cape Fear 
yet endeavor to gather the scattered sheaves, and bind them together for 
the benefit of his own and his friends' posterity? The field is ample, and 
although the soil is in some parts unfruitful, yet patient care and toil will, 
in the end, most assuredly succeed, and reward the laborer with a work 
that would be invaluable to the denizens of the Cape Fear region. 

The City of Wilmington, the capital of New Hanover County, and by 
far the largest and most principal business mart in the State of North 
Carolina, is situated upon the east bank of the Cape Fear river, about 



18 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

twenty-eight miles from its mouth, and just below the confluence of its 
two branches, the North-East and the N^rth-West Cape Fear. It is in 
latitude 34° 12'', and in longitude about 77° and 56''. It is surrounded 
on the north, east and south by high, sandy regions of country, covered 
with a luxuriant growth of pitch pine. These regions are varied, occa- 
sionally, with an intervening piece of low ground, through which generally 
flow small streams^ and which ar) covered with a matted, tangled shrub- 
bery. Nearer the ocean, however, which is distant in a straight line, in 
the nearest places, not more than seven miles, the quality of the soil is 
far difiierent. Dense swamps of hickory and oak, covered with clinging 
mosses and creeping parasites, and rich hammock lands, bordering upon 
the Sound, afibrd as productive a soil for vegetation as can be found in 
the entire State. To the west stretches away Eagles' Island, one immense 
swamp, partly cleared and devoted to the culture of rice. This Island, in 
the spring, is surpassingly beautiful to the eye, — covered, as it is then, 
with its tender crop of verdure, and with its lofty forest trees entwined 
from root to brow with the honeysuckle and the jasmine. To the florist 
and botanist no section of country, for hundreds of miles around it, can 
boast of more attractions, and to the more practical eye of the planter, no 
spot of land in the South is better calculated for the production of the 
great Southern cereal. 

The city itself is situated upon the high hills immediately opposite the 
north-eastern end of Eagle's Island. Its climate is noted for its health 
and salubrity, which are greatly enhanced by the pine smoke arising from 
the numerous distilleries and manufactories upon the river banks, and by 
the refreshing sea breezes from the east and the south, bringing with them 
as they come, the healthful aroma of the pine. The streets are regularly 
and neatly laid out, with wide and commodious side-walks and with the 
most ample room for vehicles. The soil is of sand, with a thick strata 
beneath of limestone, or conglomerate rock. Percolating through the 
sands, and finding outlets in numerous natural drains, can be found, al- 
ways, clear streams of the purest and softest water. These streams, or 
drains, form of themselves, numerous natural sewers, and go far towards 
maintaining the inherent health of the city. The high situation, the soft- 
ness and salubrity of the climate, and the beauty and safety of the harbor 
undoubtedly caused the early settlers to select this as the site of the future 
town. 

The first attempt to establish a settlement upon the Cape Fear coast 
was made in the year 1660 by a party of Puritan emigrants from Massa- 
chusetts, who advanced up the river in a little bark, and landed at a 
point at_, or near the union of Town Creek with the Cape Fear, and about 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 19 

nine miles below Wilmington. Ignorant of the nature of the soil, adapted 
peculiarly to them the unknown staple of rice, they endeavored to estab- 
lish upon the low lands grazing farms. Equally unable, through ignor- 
ance of their qualities to tui*n to advantage the immense quantities of pine 
which overshadowed the upland hills, the settlers soon became dis- 
heartened, and, after three years of fruitless attempts, having suffered 
severely from distress and disease, and from the encroachments of the 
Indians, whom they had failed to conciliate, they bent the sails of their 
little bark, and the settlement was abandoned to the Indians. 

During October of the same year (1663) another vessel arrived in the 
Cape Fear, this time for the purpose of reconnoitering the country. This 
expedition was sent from Barbadoes, and after exploring the river as far 
as Stag Park on its north-eastern branch, returned to Barbadoes in Feb- 
ruary, 1664, with a highly favorable account. In the autumn of the 
next year (1665) an English baronet, Sir John Yecimans, arrived in the 
Cape Fear with a band of colonists, and lauded at a spot very near the 
site of the former settlement, and on the north side of Town Creek, on 
the plantation now owned by Thomas Cowan, Esq. They established 
there a settlement, and purchased of the Indians a tract of land thirty- 
two miles square, which was soon after erected into a county, and called 
Clarendon, and of which Sir John Yeomans was appointed Governor. 
The colony rapidly prospered ; a profitable trade was established between 
Old Town and Barbadoes in the exportation thence of boards, staves, etc. , 
the public affairs were managed with prudence and discretion, emigrants 
began to arrive in numbers, and the little settlement was fast claiming for 
itself the dignity and proportions of a town. Such was its growth that 
in 1666, one year after its first foundation, the settlement is said to have 
contained upwards of 800 inhabitants. In 1671 Sir John Yeomans was 
appointed Governor of what is now the State of South Carolina, but was 
then known only as the County of Carteret. He removed thither in the 
same year, and was followed by a large number of the inhabitants of Old 
Town. From this time may be dated the gradual decline of the settle- 
ment, until in 1689 not a single white man remained behind. All was 
desolation and silence, and/ the Indians were again left in undisputed pos- 
session of the land. , 

From this date, 1689, until the year 1725, a period of thirty-six years, 
both traditional, and our scant historical records are remarkably reticent. 
Some old and curious accounts there are of the disrepute into which the 
Cape Fear river had fallen, on account of the two unsuccessful attempts 
which we have mentioned, at colonization, and there are many interesting 
traditions of the celebrated pirates, llichard Worley and Steel Bonnet, who, 



20 SKETCH OF THE CITY, 

it is said, made it their headquarters, yet nothing definite is known until the 
year 1725, when Col. Maurice Moore,* having received from the Lords 
Proprietors a grant of fifteen hundred acres of land on the west bank of 
the river, proceeded to lay ofi" three hundred and sisty acres of it into a 
town. The site selected was a high bluff, overhanging the river, about 
sixteen miles below Wilmington, and was called by him Brunswick, in 
honor of the then reigning family. The lots of the little town were soon 
apportioned oif, and settled upon by numerous emigrants; forests were 
felled^ agriculture was productive, commerce was opened, and the town of 
Brunswick soon became a place of great repute. So much so, indeed, 
that not only the sturdy emigrant, bearing his axe and rifle, but many 
men of refinement and genius, and of literary tastes, were attracted to its 
hospitable port. It was the source from whence Wilmington afterwards 
drew, not only its agricultural and commercial energy, but the wit and 
genius, and hospitality which so ennobled it in after years. In 1736, 
we find there many names which have become familiar, even to this gen- 
eration, and which, we can proudly say, have been most worthily perpet- 
uated. Among the most prominent of these we find Samuel and John 
Swann, Edward Mosely, Alexander LUlington, John Baptista Ashe, the 
elder Cornelius Harnett, William Hill, William Hooper, Gen. Thomas 
Clark, Chief Justice Allen, William Dry, Archibald Maclaine, the Eagles, 
the Quinces, James Hasell, Robert Halton, Armand De Rosset, Benjamin 
Heron, Rev. Richard Marsden, Capt. Edward Hyrne, Col. James Innes, 
Col. Thomas Merrick, the Claytons, the Rutherfords, the Rices, the 
Rowans, the Waiters, the Strudwicks, besides many others, accomplished 
gentlemen and erudite scholars. 

But, alas! Port Brunswick has become now a thing of the past; its 
hospitable roofs have fallen and decayed, and now lie mingled with the same 
earth which covers the once joyous inhabitants. Nothing now remains as 
a vestige of the past, but the grim and sturdy walls of the old English 
church, which have alike resisted the touch of time, and the shot and shell 
of the Federal bombardment. | Its old walls seem, indeed, immutable to 
decay. Old Brunswick is reckoned as "one of the things that were," and 
where was once its peaceful homes and quiet retreats can now be seen only 
the guns ahd fortifications of Anderson. 

» Col. Maurice Moore is said to have been a lineal descendant of the great Irish patriot, 
Roger Moore, and of Sir John Yeomans. His brother was the celebrated "Kjng Roger," 
so familiar, by tradition, to many native Wilmingtonians. There are many descendants 
of this family living in and near Wilmington at the present time. 

f It is a somewhat memorable circumstance, that during the terrific bombardment of Fort 
Anderson by the Federal fleet, on the day and night of the 18th February, 1865, not a shell 
or even the fragment of a shell struck the old church, although its walls frowned upon the 
gunboats from the immediate rear of Anderson. 



\ 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 21 

The year 1730 may be considered as the natal year of Wilmington. In 
that year the first signs of habitable life were seen upon the hills where now 
is the prosperous city of Wilmington. In that, and in the ft)llowing year, 
some few houses began to spring up, which soon increased to a straggling 
village, and which was called Newton and sometimes New Liverpool. In 
1783 John Watson, James Wimble, Joshua Grainger and Michael Wiggins 
entered into an agreement to lay out a town, and a survey was accordingly 
made. In 1735, John Watson received a grant for six hundred and forty 
acres, which included the village, under the name of Newton. On the 
13th of May, 1735, a "Court of Exchequer" was first held at "Newton, 
a small village." 

In 1738 the Legislature enacted that circuit courts should be held in 
Newborn and Newton. In 1739, at the instance of Gov. Gabriel Johns- 
ton, its name was changed, by legislative enactment, from Newton to Wil- 
mington, in honor of Spence Compton, Earl of Wilmington, the friend 
and patron to whose kindness Gov. Johnston was indebted for his position. 
The act permitted the town to Bend a member to the Lower House, and 
directed the Clerk of the Court and Register, and the Naval Officer and 
Collector, to remove from Port Brunswick to Wilmington. On April 2d, 
1745, the Legislature passed an act for building a fort at the mouth of 
Cape Fear river, as a protection from the French with whom the English 
were then at war. This fort, mounting twenty-four guns, was soon 
erected at where is now the town of Smith ville, and was called Fort 
Johnston in honor of the Governor. 

From this date until the period of the Revolutionary War the sister 
towns of Wilmington and Brunswick seem to have advanced with al- 
most equally prosperous strides. From the date of the war but little is 
known relative to the mother town. The superior advantages of Wilming- 
ton as a commercial port, situated, as it is, at the junction of the two 
rivers, and possessing a harbor more highly protective to the small river 
craft than did Brunswick, may account for its greater prosperity. It 
seems that Brunswick was gradually abandoned_, until at length its vital- 
ity had all departed, and its strength and resources were absorbed by the 
younger town. 

In 1738 the Parish of St. James embraced the whole of New Hanover 
County. There was then no parish church and from that period until 
1747 our ?incestors worshipped in the Court House. In the latter year 
Michael Wiggins presented them with a lot, (the same as the present) on 
which was afterwards erected St James' Church. This building, it ap- 
pears, was nineteen years in course of completion, and, when finished, 
was a huge, barn-like structure of brick, without ornament, but of most 



22 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

•• 

ample accommodations within. It was afterwards pulled down in 1839 
to make room for the present handsome edifice. 

In November, 1748, several Spanish privateers sailed up the river some 
distance and committed many depredations. On retiring, one of them 
was accidentally blown up, and what that could be obtained from the 
wreck was devoted to the benefit of the churches of St. James and St. 
Philip's at Wilmington and Brunswick respectively. 

In 1750 the Legislature appointed inspectors for export produce. 
About this period (1750) it appears that Wilmington suffered often 
and disastrously from fires. There was no fire-engine in the place and 
the citizens were compelled to depend upon their own individual resources 
in the case of a visitation. It was not until the year 1775 that an engine 
was introduced into the town. 

The statement of Daniel Dunbibben, Treasurer of the town in 1756-57 
shows a public revenue of £54 16s. 

In 1758 sixty persons owned houses in the town, valued, in the aggre- 
gate at £6,625. In 1760 the Assembly countenanced lotteries for the 
first time, for the benefit of the churches in Wilmington and Brunswick. 
In 1762 the population of the place approximated one thousand persons. 
February 25th, 1760, the citizens were granted a charter erecting Wil- 
mington into a borough, incorporate, to consist of a mayor, a recorder 
and eleven aldermen. John Sampson was chosen mayor and Marmaduke 
Jones, recorder. Among those elected as aldermen we notice the names 
of Cornelius Harnett, Dan Dunbibben, Arthur. Mabson, Sam Green and 
Moses John De Rosset. The borough had power to enact its own laws, 
and to send a representative to the Greneral Assembly. Yet it seems that 
a portion, at least, of this charter, must have been subsequently set aside, 
as we afterwards find the names of five gentlemen chosen as Commission- 
ers. In 1762 a law was passed establishing Superior Courts in the dis- 
tricts of Edenton, Wilmington, Newborn, Halifax and Salisbury. From 
the records of the Common Council dated January 29th, 1765, we ex- 
tract the following which is most earnestly recommended to the careful 
consideration of the 40th Congress. "Resolved — That the party speaking 
shall not leave the subject in debate to fall upon the person of any mem- 
ber of the Common Council, or other person." 

In September, 1761, a violent equinoctial gale raged along the Cape 
Fear coast. It lasted four days and was very disastrous in its effects. 
Several houses were blown over, and all of the vessels then in the river, 
with one or two exceptions, were driven ashore. Such was the fury of 
the storm that the waves forced open a new passage from the river to the 
ocean, and New Inlet dates its existence from that time. 



SKETTCH OF THE CITY. 23 

On September 1st, 1764, the first newspaper ever publlshefl in thi? 
section was issued. It was called the North (^^arolina Gazette and Weekly 
Post Boy, and was edited and published by Andrew Stewart. 

In August, 1774, the citizens of Wilmington sent to the relief of the 
people of Boston, who were then suffering many privations from the ar- 
bitrary enactments of the British, a large sum of money and a vessel 
loaded with provisions. The vessel was tendered free of cost by Parker 
Quince, Esq., and the captain and crew refused to receive any compensa- 
tion whatever for their services. 

And new our sketch approaches the first grand era of American 
National History — the contest for independence between thirteen feeble 
colonies, and the strength and resources of the most powerful government 
then existing upon the face of the earth. And in this, as in aught else 
of valor and of patriotism, the escutcheon of our city is a spotless one. 
During the long years that tried men's souls, it was borne through the 
fiery brunt of battle and the still more terrible ordeal of suffering and of 
want, and no stain was found upon it. Held aloft by her sons amid the 
terrible scenes at Mexico, its original splendor was still undimmed. And 
now, at the close of the four long years of a warfare unexampled in this 
Western World, it is stiU held on high, and not even the eye of envy or 
of malice can find a tarnish there. Prostrated, robbed and crushed as 
we are, that shield is still as bright, as pure as ever, and as immaculate 
in its snowy whiteness as if an angel's wing had fanned its polished surface. 

North Carolina has truly and justly claimed precedence of the colonies 
in a Declaration of Independence, for at Charlotte, in Mecklenburg county 
on the 20th day of May, 1775, was drawn signed and sealed, a declar- 
ation of her own independence. Yet the Cape Fear, as a section, must 
even take precedence of North Carolina as a State. When, in 1765, the 
news of the passing of the Stamp Act was received here, it was bitterly 
opposed and denounced, and when, in the following year, the British 
Sloop of war, Diligence, arrived in the Cape Fear river, laden with the 
stamps, she was peremptorily refused permission to land them, and all 
intercourse with the shore was denied her. Col. John Ashe of New Han- 
over and Col. Hugh Waddell of Brunswick, each with his company of 
hardy yeomanry behind him, stood at the quay at Brunswick to meet 
them. At their demand the captain of the Diligence promised not to at- 
tempt to land the stamps. They then seized the enemy's boat, and rais- 
ing a mast and flag, placed it upon a cart and proceeded in triumph to 
Wilmington. There were few houses in the town that night too poor to 
illuminate. At the head of the people. Col's. Ashe and Waddell the next 
day besieged the Governor's house and demanded that James Houston the 



24 SKETCH OP THE CITY. 

stamp master be delivered to them. Intimidated by their demands and 
threats Try on complied, when Houston was conducted to the Market 
House, and in presence of the whole people made to swear never to execute 
the act. 

Shortly afterwards the Stamp Act was repealed, yet, it had been better 
for the British Government had it never been born. It fanned into life 
those seeds of independence inherent in the Southern breast, and which 
begot bold dreams and ambitious thoughts that eventually culminated in 
American Independence. 

On June 19th, 1775, the citizens assembled together and unanimously 
entered into an association, whose avowed object was resistance, by an ap- 
peal to arms, to the forces of Great Britain. A committee of safety was 
appointed by them which remained in office until February, 1776. The 
actions of this committee were marked by the highest degree of vigor and 
prudence, and of foresight in collecting and arranging the means of defence 
to the British arms. Their precautions were not premature. War was 
imminent. Occupying as they did, a revolutionary aspect, and aware 
that they were, at any day, liable to attack from a British squadron, the 
patriots of the Cape Fear did not hesitate to cast the die. They knew 
that Fort Johnston was the key of the district ; they knew that it was de- 
fended by British bayonets, and they knew, too, that therein Gov. Martin, 
the executive head of affairs in the State, had taken refuge. They knew, 
moreover, that the guns of the Britioh war vessel Cruiser, commanded 
the place. Yet, in the face of all this, it was determined that Johnston 
should be reduced. Completely cowed by the menaces of the colonists, 
Martin caused the guns and stores of the fort to be removed to the Cruiser, 
and was himself preparing to follow, when, on the 18th of July, Col. John 
Ashe appeared before the walls. Maa-tin fled to his ship^. and the works 
at Fort Johnston were burnt and destroyed under the very guns of the 
British vessel. Ashe, with his gallant band returned to Wilmington.* 

"Thus, nobly, upon the Cape Fear, closed the first act of the drama, 
and when the curtain rose again, George, by the grace of God, King, 
was King no longer, but the Constitution reigned^ and the free people of 
North Carolina governed themselves." 

Thus far we have endeavored to trace correctly, as nearly as is pos- 
sible, the early history of Wilmington. Historical facts and traditional 

* In his Southern History of the War, Mr. Pollard, moving in Mr. Jefferson's footsteps, 
has ascribed to Virginia the honor of the first motion for the independence of the colonies, 
and dates it as a motion made in Congress, June 7th, 1776. He either forgets, or does not 
know, that a motion of a diffei ent nature, but looking to the same end, was made, as is re- 
corded above, long before the date he speaks of, and that North Carolina, alone and unaided, 
actually seceded from the British Crown over a year before the delegates from Virginia 
moyed in Congress that it should be done. 



SKETCH VF THE CITY. 25 

records have been gathered here and there and blended into one whole. 
AVhat has been -written may be fully relied upon. It is a correct although 
an incomplete sketch, and is probably, the only one extant devoted solely 
to the one purpose. From this period the Revolution branches oif, and 
the history of the Cape Fear section becomes blended with the history of 
the common country. Martin, Williamson, Jones and many others have 
portrayed events too well and too graphically for this poor pen to attempt 
to follow them. 

In the war of 1812, and in the war with Mexico, Wilmington was not 
behindhand in her zeal in the cause of the national pride and of the State 
patriotism. Well indeed maj' the bloody heights and plains of Monterey, 
Buena Vista and Palo Alto, and many others, cry aloud to those of the 
Revolution, "Behold me; I am worthy of you." And well may the 
generation now living revert with pride to the battle-fields of Mexico. 

And in the later days, in the days of the drama which has just passed 
from the stage, and now, while yet every event and every act is still fresh 
upon our minds, and during the quiet which reigns between the close of 
the last scenes and the echoing applause of the world, let us pause to in- 
scribe some tribute to the memory of those who are of ns, yet not with 
us. "The bravest of the brave" that sleep upon the battle-fields of the 
Revolution^ or who, sword in hand, fell upon the heights of Monterey, can 
claim no prouder place in history than can the humblest of the sons of the 
Cape Fear region, who died to prove that they were right. Though 
crushed and humbled, though defeated and maligned, yet history shall 
proudly point to those "four bitter years," and tell how men can fight 
and men can die. Born and bred in the Souths and descended from the 
heroes of the past, no other incentive was needed to arouse their own in- 
herent patriotism than the cry of their State in distress. That mother 
cry could not pass unheeded, and the old and young, the rich and poor 
alike sprani forward in the hour of need. They left their peaceful homes 
and quiet pursuits for the hardships of the camp, and the uncertain fate of 
war. Had there been appealing voices from the desolated mother and 
sister, it could not have restrained them. Thank God, there were none. 
The women of the South, forever and ever honored be their names, shed 
no useless tears of remonstrance or regret, but with a firm hand, although 
the soul was trembling, and with a dry eye, although the heart was weep- 
ing, they bound about their loved ones the sword and bayonet. And even 
in the hour of parting^ they smiled amid their tears, although the prophetic 
eye of love told them they were looking their last. They left us full of 
life and vigor^ and all of the glorious hopes and aspirations of youth. 
But few returned in life, and those few how changed. Some are amongst 



26 SK^ETCH OF THE CITY. 

US now full of the same vigor with which they left for the war, — but the 
many move painfully along. The emj^ty sleeve and the wooden leg tell 
what they have undergone. But the great many came back to us no more 
in life. The chaplet muy adorn their names, history may blazon their 
deeds, and the pitying eye of friend and foe alike may weep over their 
pulseless forms, yet to those who grieve all must be in vain. They sleep 
and sleep well, for they labored truly and steadfastly to the end. Re- 
vered are their names, and hallowed be forever the earth which covers 
them. 

Wilmington has, indeed, suffered much, and deeply. Many of her 
sons of high promise and of sterling worth, of spotless character and of 
unimpeachable integrity, have passed away from the earth, and live now 
only upou the tombstones of Oakdale, and in the memories of the bereaved 
ones. There may be found the names of Meares, Parsley, Cowan, Van 
Bokkelen, Wooster, Craig, Moore, Quince, Stevenson, Ellis, Garrison, 
Martin, De Rossett, Rankin, Lewis, McRee, Barr, Peacock, Shackelford, 
Armstrong, MacRae, Wright, Johnson, Thally, Jacobs, and a host of 
others, whose names and deeds reflect undying honor upon the section 
from whence they sprung. Sic transit gloria mundi; but the glory which 
will be theirs at the awakening shall never pass away. 

A-short sketch of Wilmington, during the late war, and of the part which 
her gallant sons bore in that memorable struggle, would bai*dly prove 
amiss here. \ Although the State did note secede until the 20th of May, 
1861, yet more than a month before that she had been committed to the 
act. The news of the bombardment and capture of Fort Sumter, by the 
Provisional forces, on the 14th day of April, was too much for the 
equanimity of the Southern mind. Fired with a patriotic zeal in the ser- 
vice of the State, and fearful that Forts Caswell and Johnston, at the 
mouth of the Cape Fear, would be seized by the enemy, the young men 
of Wilmington rushed to arms. On April 15th Col. John L. Cantwell, 
then commanding the 30th Regiment North Carolina Militia, was ordered, 
with the volunteer companies attached to his command, to proceed to 
Smithville and Caswell, and to occupy the forts there. This order was 
countermanded the same day, but the next a final telegram arrived from 
Governor Ellis, directing that his previous order be at once put into execu- 
tion. On the morning of that day (the 16th,) four volunteer companies 
from this city, the Wilmington Light Infantry, Capt, Wm. L. De Rossett; 
the Wilmington Rifle Guards, Capt. 0. P. Meares; the German Volun- 
teers, Capt. C. Cornehlson; and the Cape Fear Light Artillery, Capt. 
John J. Hedrick^ embarked for the forts below. This, and the almost 
simultaneous seizure of Fort Macon, in Beaufort Harbor, was the signal 



SKETCH OP THE CITY. 27 

for the revolution in North Carolina. It is certainly a noteworthy fact, 
that the news of the secession of the State from the Federal Government, 
and the call upon her sons to arm themselves, was first made known to 
the pioneer troops of the Cape Fear, on the parade ground at Fort Cas- 
well. 

After the seizure of the forts other troops soon began to arrive, and ^ 
gradually the Wilmington companies were relieved. The Wilmington A a.XjL.\^ 
Light Infantry were first detached and sent to Confederate Point to build "l.M^C^.^(^ 
a battery there, which should command New Inlet bar! This batlery was f j^:ljC,<tL. C 
built, and was by them called Bolles' Battery, in honor of Captain C. P. P/^','/ 
Bolles, the engineer who superintended its construction. During the 
month of June, the Rifle Guards and the German Volunteers were re- 
lieved by other companies, and were sent to Wilmington to recruit their 
ranks, preparatory to entering into a regimental organization for the great 
and final struggle to come. Here they remained about two months, and 
having been fully recruited, were soon afterwards, together with the Wil- 
mington Light Infantry, numbered as a portion of the 18th Regiment 
North Carolina Volunteers, oflficered by election, by James D. RadclifFe 
as Colonel, 0. P. Meares as Lieutenant-Colonel, and George Tait as 
Major. The fourth of the pioneer companies, the Cape Fear Light Ar- 
tillery, were in July relieved from duty at Fort Johnston, where they 
had been stationed, and were sent to Zeke's Island, opposite Fort Fisher, 
to assume charge of the works there. This company was afterwards fur- 
nished with field batteries and sent to Virginia, under command of Capt. 
James D. Gumming, and their former commander, Capt J. J. Hedrick, 
having received his majority, was sent to Fort Fisher to assume com- 
mand of the works in course of erection there.* 

In the meantime, troops were assembling from all parts of the State, 
and ofiiers of service from the most distinguished men were daily laid be- 
fore the Executive. An Advisory Board was appointed and Warren 
Winslow, J. A. J. Bradford and H. W. Guion were its members. — 
This board, composed, at the time, the War Office of North Carolina. 
It was subject only to the supervision of the Governor, and all applica- 
tions for commissions or appointments were laid before it. Incompetent, 
as its members were, to fill the position assigned them, this Advisory 
Board soon fell into great disrepute, and those who were able to ofler 
either men or money for the benefit of the common cause soon found the 
shorter road of direct appeal to the executive ear. It was then that John 



*I have spoken of these four companies only of all the troops from Wilmington, not 
because they are entitled to more credit than pertains to others, but because thev were the 
pioneer companies of this section, were formed at the outset exclusively of Wilmingtonians 
and gave eventually to the war some of tlie proudest names that this region can boast. ' 



28 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

W. Ellis, enfeebled in health, and worn by the toil and responsibilities 
devolving upon him, sank beneath the burdens of his office. He died in 
harness ; died at his post of duty. His name is still dear in the memory 
of those who knew him, and the sons of the Cape Fear, in common with 
the whole State, proudly cherish his record. Grreen be the chaplets above 
his tomb, and revered his memory for ever and for ever. 

Upon the demise of the Governor, Henry T. Clark, in virtue of his 
office as President of the Senate, assumed the gubernatorial chair for the 
remainder of the term for which Gov. Ellis had originally qualified. At 
the expiration of that term Zebulon B. Vance, then Col. of the 26th 
North Carolina Regiment, was chosen by the people as their State Execu- 
tive. And well and nobly did he fulfil the duties assigned him. That he 
acted well, let the records of the history of North Carolina tell ; that he 
acted nobly let the tale of the sufferings and privations of himself and 
family bear witness. He still lives, a witness himself of the terrible 
times through which the State has passed. And when, hereafter, the 
historian shall speak of the names of those who suffered or died for the 
liberty of the South, that of Zebulon B. Vance shall tower proudly amid 
them all. 

Yet, the Cape Fear river, although unmolested until near the grand 
final close of the great war, was, in itself, one of the "back bones of the 
rebellion." It was, in fact, one of the connecting links between the Con- 
federacy and the outside world. Here the blockaders found their quiet, 
and here they disgorged the wealth of stores and munitions with which 
they were laden. Here was eventually established the Great Southern 
Mart, and merchants from every direction flocked to Wilmington. 

The importance of this port as a post, was not, it seems, lost upon 
the Confederate Government, even as early as the first year of the 
war. Generals Gatlin, Anderson and French were successively placed 
in command. New works were projected, new fortifications built, and 
requisitions were made upon the War Department for men and material 
for the construction of these defences. Yet the work soon lagged for the 
want of energy and skill in those commanding the department, and it was 
not until November, 1862 that it was commenced in earnest. In that 
month General W. H. C. Whiting, by order of the War Department, as- 
sumed command of the post and the supervision of the defences of the 
Cape Fear. Then was the work commenced with vigor. Himself a 
skillful engineer, and possessing but few compeers and no superiors in his 
own profession, the practical eye of Whiting soon laid out the defences of 
the place. The works at Fort Fisher were vigorously urged forward to 
completion. Smith's Island was cleared, and the foundation of Fort 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 29 

Holmes established. Fort Pender, at Sinithville, was built, and soon the 
guns of Fort Anderson, first called Fort St. Phillip, the last great work of 
the defences which yielded to the Federal hands, frowned from the heights 
of old Brunswick. 

The plans laid out by Whiting for building the defences of the Cape 
Fear, called forth the warmest commendations from those to whom the 
erection of those defences was entrusted. His own energy and skill seemed 
to have reproduced themselves in the minds of those employed to carry 
out the designs of his master intellect, and steadily and surely the works 
progressed. No means were spared, and no labor, either mental or 
manual, was begrudged, that could contribute to the defence of the river. " 
Day by day the work went nobly on, and month by month new additions 
were made to the defensive strength, until at length numerous guns 
looked forth threateningly to the sea from the five principal forts of the 
river. Yet, even here, the good work was not allowed to cease. The 
larger forts served as nuclei around which to rear others of formidable 
resources, torpedoes and sunken obstructions were placed in the river, 
batteries frowned from almost every blufi", and the city itself was 
begirt with a chain of entrenchments that, even to the veteran soldier, 
would appear almost impregnable, so formidable were they in their 
strength. 

When this and many other generations shall have fallen asleep in the 
bos(-m of their mother earth, these works will still remain as monuments 
of the zeal and patriotism of the sons of the Cape Fear region. 

Of vast importance to the Confederacy, and ranking justly as one of 
its chief strongholds, it is strange that Wilmington should have escaped at- 
tack until the last year of the war. The nature of its coast, and the strength 
and durability of the fortifications below, were enough, however, to deter 
the hazard of an attempt, and it was not until December 23d, 1864, that 
the enemy dare venture before the guns of Fisher. 

On that memorable day the federal fleet appeared in the offing opposite 
the fort'and that night, about two o'clock, Butlei*'s Yankee toy, the powder 
boat, was exploded near the works, with no other effect, however, than that 
of afibrding the Confederates upon the parapet a beautiful display of fire 
works, gratis. The next day the federal war vessels, fifty-two in num- 
ber, ranged themselves in line of battle opposite Fisher, and about noon 
opened a most furious bombardment. The fort replied slowly, but steadily, 
until at length, after five hours of uninterrupted contest, the enemy's fleet 
retired. The next day the bombardment was resumed with redoubled 
fury, and with a terrible energy, unprecedented in the history of the 
world. The action is described as a most terrific one. Shot and shell 



30 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

were literally hurled en masse at the fort, and the air was filled with tte 
shattered iron hail. Yet the gallant defenders stood manfully at their 
posts, and hurled their defiance back! to the bombarding fleet. In the 
midst of the fight the enemy efi"ected a landing at Anderson Battery, at 
the head of the Sound, and advanced to the attack of the fort. Their 
assault was assisted by an increase of fire from the fleet, which endeav- 
ored to prevent the Confederate infantry from manning the parapet to 
resist the expected attack. This was the period of the greatest excite- 
ment within the walls of Fisher. Yet there was no shrinking of those 
firm hearts. The brave Gen. Whiting and the gallant Col. Lamb, the 
Gommandent of the fort, were, themselves, the first aty^very post of dan- 
ger. Two more gallant spirits than those of Whiting and Lamb never 
yet met together for defence against a common foe. Encouraged by the 
noble example of their leaders, the men swarmed to the parapet, and the 
enemy was driven back to his entrenchments. At night the fleet ceased 
firing and drew ofi", and soon afterwards the entire land force was with- 
drawn, and the next day both war vessels and transports were headed to 
the North. The fort had conquered, and after the most terrific bombard- 
ment the world had ever known, the Federal fleet, having expended over 
twenty thousand shot and shell in the futile attempt to reduce Fort Fisher, 
was compelled to retire, branded with defeat. 

The news of the repulse of the Federal fleet brought great relief to the 
aching hearts and anguished minds of those who were left in Wilmington. 
Christmas Eve and Christmas Day had been fraught with sorrow to many 
and with joy to none. But when the glad news came on that happy 
night that the Fort was still ours, the reaction was great, and paeans of 
joy and happiness arose upon the Christmas air. The defence was a gal- 
lant one, and, under the intrepid Whiting and Lamb was due mainly to 
those of the Cape Fear region. " Boys were men in those days," so the 
gallant Whiting declared on his return from Fisher. Where men dare 
show themselves the Junior Reserves of the 4th, 7th, 8th and 9th battal- 
ions were to be found. There was no shrinking with them ; no faltering 
because of the trembling hand and weeping eye of the mother and father 
at home. No duty was neglected, no personal danger avoided, but with 
a firm trust in the goodness of their God and the justice of their cause, 
those beardless boys stood forward in the hour of danger for the defence 
of the principles which they had espoused. Honored for ever be their 
names, and if ever a roll is written for the Cape Fear, there can be found 
there no prouder title than theirs. 

Yet, not only to men and boys must belong the glory of the latter day 
history of the Cape Fear, but even the children were not backward in 



\ V 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 31 

their deeds of patriotism, although those deeds would have graced the 
adult. age. It is a fact known to but few, yet, a fact which should be per- 
petuated, that on the 24:th day of December, 1864, the first day of the 
bombardment of Fort Fisher, a company of the boys of Wilmington, 
some of them only ten years of age, and but a few as old as fifteen years, 
presented themselves before Col. S. D. Thruston, then temporarily Com- 
mandant of the Post, and demanded arms for the defence of their mothers 
and their sisters. They declared themselves able to patrol the city and 
to guard the prisoners, thereby relieving the post guard, who might be 
sent to the front. Col. Thruston referred them to Gen. Holmes, then 
temporarily in command here during Gen. Whiting's absence at the fort. 
The petition of these little heroes was heard and arms granted them, and 
that night they alone comprised the guard over the prisoners of the place. 
And when, the next night, came the glad confirmation of the repulse of 
the enemy below, those boys were still found at their post, as true to the 
trust confided to them as if their leader had numbered fifty instead of fif- 
teen years. 

History is, proverbially, in many instances at least, untrue. There 
are, certainly, some tales told of ancient times, which many persons are 
not credulous enough to believe. Yet, let the reader of history search 
its pages, and mention a prouder fact than this. Even the legend of the 
Spartan boy and the fox, though glossed and varnished by transmission 
from age to age, can raise no higher parallel than the devotion of the Wil- 
mington boys to the Common Southern Cause. 

At last the fatal period arrived when Fisher was doomed to fall, and 
when the Confederacy was to receive a vital blow from which it was des- 
tined never to recover. On the 13th day of January, 1865, the Federal 
fleet again, and suddenly, appeared before the fort in a threatening atti- 
tude. Early in the morning their troops were landed at Anderson Bat- 
tery, and when, later in the day. General Hoke arrived with his division/ 
he found their line confronting him, and stretched across the entire pen- 
insula from ocean to river. General Whiting, at the first news of the in- 
tended attack, had hurried to the assistance of Col. Lamb, and these two 
kindred spirits, the heroes of the first fight, now made vigorous prepar- 
ations for the second defence. The attack, although not exactly a sur- 
prise, was certainly made at, with us, a most inauspicious moment. 
Fisher, Caswell, Anderson, Pender and Holmes, the forts near the mouth 
of the river, and comprising the defensive strength of the Cape Fear, had 
been almost entirely denuded of troops for action at other points, and the 
division of our North Carolina general, the gallant R. F. Hoke, was then 
stationed near Wilmington. But between Wilmington and Fisher there 
5 



32 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

intervened some twenty miles of a sandy, tedious road. About two o'clock 
on the morning of the 13th, Hoke's command left here for the fort, but 
arrived too late to prevent the landing of the Federal troops. In the 
meantime, as has been stated. General Whiting left for the front. Yet, 
it was with a heavy Heart that he did so. He knew that the attack would 
be one of energy and desperation, and would be made with the determin- 
ation of retrieving the disgrace of the former repulse, and it was with sad 
presentiments of the result of the approaching struggle that he left for 
the scene of action. It has been said that he remarked, previous to leav- 
ing the city, that he believed Fisher would fall before this attack, and 
that if such an event should occur, his friends need never expect to see 
him again in life. The people of WUmington entrusted to him and to 
the brave Colonel Lamb the defence of that key of the Cape Fear. How 
sacredly that trust was received and kept let the glorious defence of Fisher 
speak ; let the maimed limb of the still living Lamb, and the wounds and 
death of Whiting tell. The voice of prophetic warning that spoke to our 
hero general, was a true one. No friend, of those he left behind, has 
ever seen him since in life, and not one of those for whom he lived and 
died have ever wept above his tomb.* 

About noon of the 13th, the fleet opened fire upon the fort, and a bom- 
bardment, more terific than the previous one^ soon ensued. The object 
of the enemy was plainly apparent. His intention was to cripple the fort 
as much as possible by the fire of the fleet, and so make easy a projected 
assault of the land forces. In this he was successful. The deluge of shot 
and shell was so terrible an one that it was almost impossible to man the 
guns, and the majority of the garrison were driven to the bomb-proofs and 
kept closely confined there. From noon of the 13th until three o'clock of 
the afternoon of the 15th, a period of fifty-one hours, the terrific fire was 
continued without intermission. At the last named hour the fire of the 
fleet was suddenly raised, and the land forces were discerned moving for- 
ward to the assault of the fort. This assault was made in two columns, 
each advancing to dififerent points of attack. The first, numbering about 
two thousand, composed of sailors and marines, moved up the line of the 
sea beach, while the other, about four thousand strong, charged along by 
the bank of the river, a ^d made their attack upon the left land flank of 
the fort. The first named column was easily repulsed, and was not again 
led on. The second was temporarily checked in its advance, but having 
been strengthened by reinforcements, again moved forward and succeeded 
in entering the fort. 



•General Whiting died in prison on Governor's Island, more, it is supposed, from lost 
hopes and regrets than from the effects of his wounds. His body was interred at the North 
by relatives there, an**«8"iievw;^iet been brought South. 



V 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 33 

But the prize was not yet gained. Fisher, although destined to fall, 
could not be yielded without a final and desperate struggle. The men fell 
back in disorder, but not in confusion, and stubbornly contesting every 
foot-step of the enemy's advance. From traverse to traverse they retrea- 
ted and fought, as fast as the overwhelming numbers of the Federals, 
almost by brute force, bore them back. In this way the fight was contin- 
ued for six hours, until, at length, the last traverse had been torn from 
the hands of the brave defenders, and they were forced beyond the enclo- 
sure of the fort. And thus was Fisher captured — it was never surrendered. 

The conflict ceased, and, about mid-night, there being no means of es- 
cape to the main laud. General Whiting was compelled to surrender his 
little band of heroes to General Terry as prisoners of war. In this en- 
gagement, our own loss, although severe, was yet slight in comparison to 
that sustained by the enemy. The Confederate list of casualities amounted 
to about two hundred and fifty in killed, wounded and missing, (the latter 
having escaped) while that of the Federals, according to their own state- 
ment, was over eight hundred. General Whiting and Colonel Lamb were 
both wounded severely. Whiting, in all, received three wounds, the last 
having been the most serious. This last wound, by a minie ball in the knee 
and thigh, was inflicted early in the engagement, and while the General 
was rushing to the parapet to tear down the Federal flag, which the enemy 
had succeeded in planting there. 

Thus fell Fort Fisher, after as gallant a defence as the historian has 
ever been called upon to record. 

This fort had justly been considered as one of the most impregnable 
series of works upon the entire Atlantic coast, and the Confederacy, from 
one end to the other was thrilled with surprise and dismay at the news of 
its loss. Had the management of military affairs in this section been left 
in General Whiting's hands, that surprise and dismay might never have 
appalled the Southern heart. General Bragg was, at that time, in com- 
mand of the Department of North Carolina, and General Whiting, by far 
the abler man of the two, was, through some strange reasoning of the 
War Department at Richmond, made subservient to him in his command. 
Hoke's division, consisting of Clingman's, Hagood's, Kirkland's and Col- 
quitt's brigades, had, by order of Bragg, yet in the face of a protest from 
General W^hiting, been removed from the vicinity of the fort, where it had 
been stationed, and brought to Wilmington. Afterwards, and a few dayg 
previous to the final attack upon Fisher, Whiting received information that 
the Federal fleet had sailed southward from Beaufort Harbor. This news 
General Bragg either disbelieved, or affected to disbelieve, and, in conse- 
quence, at the time that the fleet appeared opposite Fisher, General Hoke 



34 , SKETCH OF THE CITT. 

was at Wilmington, and the fort, in a measure, unprepared for an attack. 
"Y^^t, even at this time, had an efficient officer been in command, the re- 
sult of the previous negligence might have been remedied. Hoke, as we 
have said, found upon his arrival near the fort, that the enemy had en- 
trenched themselves across the entire neck of land. Yet these entrench- 
ments, slightly and hastily thrown up as they were, might have been 
easily carried by a gallant and determined charge. To this end, Hoke re- 
ported to General Bragg, after a personal reconnoissance made by him, 
and entreated of him permission to make the attack. This Bragg refused 
to allow as inexpedient, and Hoke's gallant men were forced to lie inactive 
behind their own works, while their friends were exposed to a deluge of 
iron hail hurled from six hundred Federal guns, and continued for more 
than fifty consecutive hours. During the progress of the bombardment, 
General Whiting, anticipating a final assault from the land forces, and 
fearing that his little garrison would be overcome, repeatedly and urgently 
requested of General Bragg that reinforcements be thrown into the fort. 
His appeals were unheeded, until, upon the morning of the 15th, in the 
Dpen daylight, at the last moment, and under a furious fire from the fleet, 
two regiments landed upon the river front and succeeded in reaching the 
fort. If it was intended to send others, it was then found to be too late, 
for scarcely had the new comers breathing time, ere they were called to 
the parapet to repel the assaulting columns. This was a terrible ordeal. 
The destructive fire from the enemy's fleet had either dismounted or ren- 
dered useless every gun upon the land front, the palisades were nearly all 
torn away, and the subterranean batteries, from which so much had been 
hoped, were no longer in the hands of the garrison. The ploughing of the 
enemy's shells in the earth had severed every line leading to the concealed 
mines, and nothing but the broken and useless wires remained in the hands 
of the Confederates.- Under these circumstances it is not strange that'an 
assaulting force of six thousand men, protected in their advance by so 
terrible a fire from an immense sea armada, succeeded in reaching and 
entering the fort and wresting it from the hands of its brave defenders. 

Yet, even at the time of the assault an efi"ort might have been, hut was 
not made by General Bragg for the relief of the fort. This could have 
been done by charging with Hoke's division into the Federal entrench- 
ments when their forces moved out to the attack of Fisher. It is said that 
Hoke, in this instance, preferred a request to General Bragg, that he 
might be ordered to do so, but, as on the former occasion, his petition was 
refused. The success of the projected advance of Hoke, was, at all 
events, as probable as its failure. One advantage, at least, of the move- 
ment was an assured one. It would have created a diversion of the 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 35 

enemy's assaulting column in favor of those who were defending the fort, 
and, by that means, would, probably, have turned the tide of battle. 

Fort Fisher fell, and the same night the works south of it, and com- 
manding Main Bar, called, respectively, Forts Caswell, Holmes and 
Pender, were, with some other minor works, destroyed and abandoned, 
and their garrisons withdrawn to fort Anderson. It was plain that Wil- 
mington would be eventually at the mercy of the foe, but it was not yet 
to fall. Anderson still looked defiantly from the ruins of old Brunswick, 
works of less strength above it, yet held their Confederate defenders, tor- 
pedoes and sunken obstructions lay hidden in the bed of the river, and 
Hoke was strongly entrenched between the enemy and Wilmington. At 
length, on the 17th of February, a portion of the Federal fleet steamed 
up the river and opened fire upon Fort Anderson. Their fire was 
returned slowly and deliberately and Col. Hedrick who commanded the 
fort, with his men, worked the guns as deliberately as if at target prac- 
tise. In the meantime Schofield had moved up from Smithville with aland 
force of eight thousand men, to co-operate with the fleet in the reduction 
of the fort. Here he found Hagood's brigade, which Hoke had thrown 
over to the assistance of the garrison, strongly entrenched and efi"ectually 
barring his advance. Hagood's left rested on the fort and his right on 
Orton Mill Pond. Schofield, finding his path so thoroughly obstructed, 
made a detour to his left around the pond, which was about nine miles 
in circumference, with the intention of striking Hagood upon the flank. 
This movement could not be opposed with the small force in hand, and 
the immediate evacuation of Anderson was imperative. On Sunday mor- 
ning, the 19th, before day, the guns were spiked and the defenders of the 
works silently withdrew. This fort had justly been considered as almost 
impregnable. The terrific bombardment of the fleet had left it compara- 
tively uninjured, and it has been said, that had a sufiicient land force been 
there to protect the rear of the fort, that Anderson could never have been 
captured. 

The little garrison retreated rapidly and paused the same day at. Town 
Creek, where a few entrenchments had been hastily thrown up. The next 
day the line of retreat was resumed, and that night they reached Wil- 
mington. The following day, in the forenoon, a band of blue coats, with 
their national flag above them, could be easily descried marching gaily 
along the causeway on Eagle's Island. They were the advance of the 
Federal army, and came to take possession of the city, not knowing that 
the defenders of Anderson were still within it. Pitying their ignorance 
of the rules of military etiquette, a polite reminder in the shape of a 
Whitworth shell was sent them from the corner of Front and Market 




36 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

streets. The intimation was a plain one, for, when the smoke arose not 
a blue coat was to be seen. They endeavoured again to advance, but a 
few more shell drove them back in confusion. Skirmishers were then 
sent from the city, accompanied by one Whitworth piece. The enemy on 
their side advanced their skirmishers, and for a. season the causeway oppo- 
site the city presented to many ladies and children a novel and interesting 
scene. 

In the meantime, as soon as Anderson had been evacuated, Hoke had 
fallen back gradually upon the city, yet always with a firm step and a 
defiant front. Early on the morning of the 22d he reached Wilmington 
and effected a junction with the forces of Hagood and Hedrick. It was then 
that Wilmington fell, and with it expired many hopes for the final success 
of our arms. Slowly and reluctantly we bade it good bye, and followed 
the waning fortunes of the country. Two months afterwards those for- 
tunes were decided, and one by one, in rags, and poverty, and want — 
conquered, depressed and suffering, the remnants of the noble men of 
Wilmington returned to their homes. But Appomattox and Greensboro 
ave back but few of those that the Cape Fear Region knew. 
Wilmington, previous to the war, was fast claiming for itself a com- 
mercial reputation as one of the most prosperous cities of the South. 
With a safe and commodious port, with an energetic class of merchants 
and the outlet of highly productive portions of the State, it is no wonder 
that its character for commercial enterprise and activity ranked high in 
the mercantile world. With a line of Rail Road, the Wilmington and 
Weldon, extending northward to the Virginia boundary, throughout a 
rich pine country, and forming a portion of the great through line of 
travel from New York to New Orleans ; with the Wilmington and Man- 
chester road stretching through the Southern pine regions of the State, 
and terminating in one of the richest cotton sections of South Carolina, 
and with another, the Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherford Rail Road, 
completed for upwards of one hundred miles, and piercing near the cen- 
tral portion of the State, it is not strange that these improvements should 
have poured into Wilmington such an amount of rich products as served 
to give its commercial enterprise a new impetus, and to urge its citizens 
forward in. the grand mai-ch of commercial prosperity. Nor were these 
roads alone the sole sources by which the commerce of the city was bene- 
fitted. Steamers plying between this place and Fayetteville, brought 
daily into the market the rich products of the more upper counties. And 
not only the agricultural productions of those counties, but their vast 
mineral resources were fast becoming developed, and cargoes of iron and 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 37 

of copper ore were brought forward, an evidence of the rich mineral 
wealth of that section of the state, all seeking a market here. 

Nor was this all. The eastern counties of the state, with their vast 
yearly products of corn and bacon, were also commercially tributary to 
Wilmington. Large amounts of these two articles were regularly received 
here upon the market, and formed in themselves, no inconsiderable por- 
tion of the barter of the place. 

In the midst of all this prosperity the war came and wrought its changes. 
Commercial activity was paralyzed. A Federal blockade was placed upon 
our inlets, every available man was needed in the Southern armies, and 
the rail roads and steamboats that had lately filled our wharves and ware- 
houses with the native products of the State, were needed for other and 
far different purposes. The transportation of cotton, tobacco, wheat, naval 
stores, etc., was changed suddenly into a means for the removal of troops, 
army supplies, and munitions of war. Trade was necessarily abandoned. 
The field and the warehouse were alike deserted ; and the industrious far- 
mer, the enterprising merchant, and the skillful artisan were quickly 
transformed into Southern soldiers. The ploughshare was left in the fur- 
row, and the pruning hook was buried. All was war ; men thought, and 
spoke and read of nothing but battles, and commercial enterprise, in gene- 
ral, was looked upon as a thing of the past. 

Yet, as the months rolled on, the superior advantages of the place began 
to exhibit themselves, and a new species of commerce became gradually 
inaugurated. The low, swift, English-built blockade runner, became a 
frequent guest in our waters. These steam-strangers soon multiplied; 
the Federal blockade was set at naught ; nothing in the American navy 
could compete in speed with those daring Englishmen, and at night, run- 
ning swiftly and silently past the dark sea sentries of the coast, the block- 
ader was seen, by the morning's light, safely ensconsed under the guns of 
Fisher or of Caswell. This, in a measure, and upon a new system, revived 
somewhat of the dormant spirit of our enterprise, and Wilmington began 
again to assume the appearance of its old activity. Merchants and steam- 
ship agents from abroad soon flocked to the city, railroad trains were filled 
with cotton and naval stores either for the government or for private par- 
ties, new buildings and new warehouses were erected to accommodate the 
increasing supplies. Government factories and storehouses were built on a 
vast scale, and the constant bustle attendant upon the arrival and depar- 
ture of the blockade running steamers, gave the place the appearance of 
great commercial activity. 

The exportation of cotton and naval stores, and the arrival here from 
abroad of army supplies and munitions of war of all kinds, between the 



38 SKETCH OP THE CITY. 

dates of May 20th, 1863, and December 31st, 1864, was indeed immense. 
The Army of Northern Virginia, during that period, drew much of its 
supplies from this source, and a large per centage of the army munitions 
furnished to the different Ordinance and Quartermaster Departments of 
the Confederate States was received by blockade runners through this 
port. Even the Comm'ssary was indebted to this source for his largest 
supply of "Nassau bacon," a diet coarse and repulsive to those who have 
never felt the pangs of hunger, yet, to our half-starved troops in Vir- 
ginia, as welcome as was the manna from heaven to the famishing children 
of Israel. 

It is a matter of great regret to all, that a correct record of the block- 
ade steamers, and their operations in the Cape Fear River, during the 
four years of the war, has never been preserved. The wholesale destruc- 
tion of valuable public documents and papers by both Confederates and 
Federals upon the occupation of this place, has entailed with it the loss 
of much information, that would prove, now and hereafter, of great value, 
not only to this community, but to the world at large. Every endeavor 
to recover some of those valuable records has proved unavailing. The 
papers were destroyed to prevent their falling into the hands of the enemy, 
and the books were surrendered to the Federal authorities, and it is pre- 
sumed, were by them sent to Washington City. 

From the only authentic sources of information at my disposal now I 
am enablea to give but a partial record of the arrival of blockade runners 
at this port during the term of the war. For this information I am indeb- 
ted to the kindness of Mr. Gr. W. Williams, for many years Harbor Mas- 
ter of this port. The account furnished from his own private memoranda, 

is as follows: 

From May 20th, 1863 to December 31st, 1864 260 

Prior to iMay 20tli, 1863 15 

After December 31st, 1864 10 

Total 285. 

This list, it must be remembered, is not given as a strictly correct one, yet 
it is perhaps the only one extant, and approximates as closely to the truth 
as private and hasty memoranda could well do. It certainly cannot be 
far from correct. 

All records of the exports and imports during that period have been 
lost or entirely mislaid^ and so far as can be ascertained, the private notes 
of the then Harbor Master, is all that remains to tell the tale of the 
blockade. 

At the close of the war, and upon the re-opening of the port, fearful and 
gloomy anticipations were indulged, relative to commercial transactions 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 



39 



The country had, apparently, become entirely denuded of all native pro- 
ductions. But little cotton and no turpentine had been made during the 
existence of the war, and it was thought that the demand foi home manu- 
factures and tor foreign shipment, had swept away almost the last bale 
and the last barrel. Yet, as soon as it became apparent that shipments 
could be made North with perfect security to the shipper, the market 
became suddenly flooded with cotton and naval stores. And month after 
month the influx and exodus of produce continued, and to such a degree 
that a great scarcity of shipping accommodations was soon felt, and 
freights rose in proportion to the demand for them. 

Nearly two years have now passed away since the first attempt was 
made in this city to shake off the evil effects of the war, and to raise Wil- 
mington again to its former proud position among the maritime cities of 
the South. During those two years much has been effected The rem- 
nants of the people, impoverished, yet not disheartened by the loss of 
their estates, have resolutely put forth their own shoulders to the wheel, 
and with an energy and an industry that have yet to find a superior, and 
in the face of diflaculties and embarrassments that would have utterly 
appalled weaker hearts, they have succeeded once more in placing them- 
selves on a secure commercial basis. The following statement is a fair 
exhibit of commercial operations during the year 1866, as compared with 
those of 1860. When the impoverished state of the country and the 
scarcity of reliable labor is considered, the account given here will be 
found a most flattering one. 

COxMPARATIVE STATExMENT OF EXPORTS, 

Both Coastu'ise and Foreign, from the port of Wilmington, North Carolina, for the 
years ending December Z\st, 1860, and December ^\st, 1866. 



ARTICLES. 



COASTWISE. 



1860. 



1866. 



FOREItxN. 



1860. 



1866. 



Spirits Turpentine, bbls.. 
Crude, " " .. 

Rosin, '." .. 

Tar, " .. 

Pitch, " .. 

Cott<:)u, bales. 

Cotton Yarn, " . 

Cotton ^heetmJ< " . 

Pea Nuts bush. 

Lumber P. P feet. 

Timlier, " " . 

Shingles 

Staves, Juniper 

Staves, Oak 



.127,562 
..52,175 
.440,1^2 
..43,056 
....5,489 
..22,851 
....1,561 
....1,750 
..99,743 
,126,176 
..22,600 
.730,880 



97,432i 



49,078! 20,400| 7,929 

28,973 23,548 1,150 

325,233 57,425 18,218 

36,984 6,120 746 

2,875' 784 251 

24,492 162 

1,115 

493 

26,133 22 

.10,264,809 ...9,882,078' 12,106,267 

277,834 20,000| 

756,286 ... 2,887,870... 2,241,200 

293,327j ! 

25,300| lO.OOOl 50.913 



t 



i 



40 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

Thus it will be seen, by the foregoing tables, that the merchants of 
Wilmington, not content with supplying foreign markets through the 
medium of Northern ports, have themselves, in a measure, opened a direct 
foreign trade, and have made shipments of North Carolina produce to many 
of the principal ports in Europe, the West Indies and South America. 
With Havana, Matanzas, Cardinas, Nassau and Porto Rico of the Indies, 
and with Rio de Janeiro and other of the principal ports of South America, 
these shipments have assumed a steady and permanent character. The 
exportation hence to those ports of lumber, shingles, staves, naval stores, 
etc., has been balanced in return by heavy importations of the products of 
those more tropical ports, such as molasses, sugar, coffee, fruits, etc. 

The importation of these articles has gradually worked a material change 
in the character of business at Wilmington. Formerly, merchants, not 
only from the interior sections of the State, but even from Wilmington 
itself; were in the habit of purchasing in New York, at second prices, their 
entire supplies of sugar and coffee. But it was at length ascertained that 
these same articles could be imported direct, and sold in Wilmington as 
cheaply as they could be purchased in New York city, and the merchants 
of this and of the adjoining States, having ascertained this fact, directed 
their orders to this place instead of to New York, thereby saving the 
expense of transportation from that city to their own places of business. 

The productions of the different sections of country connected immedi- 
ately with Wilmington by commercial intercourse, are various. The 
pine regions extending along the entire line of the Wilmington and Wel- 
don, and the Wilmington and Manchester, and for a great distance on the 
Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherford Rail Roads, as well as the sections 
traversed by the two Cape Fears, and the South and the Black rivers, is, 
perhaps, the richest turpentine and timber region in the world. From 
these different sections immense quantities of turpentine, tar, pitch, rosin, 
lumber, and other products peculiar to a pine country are obtained, and -are 
constantly seeking a market in Wilmington. 

Of late years the cultivation of the great Southern staple of cotton has 
been attempted in this section, and has met with much success, although 
the larger portion of that product which reaches this City, arrives by the 
way of the Wilmington and Manchester and the Wilmington, Charlotte 
and Rutherford Rail Roads. The corn market is principally supplied by 
means of small coasting vessels, trading between this port and the eastern 
towns of the State, which bring the products of those sections to this city, 
and return laden with merchandize purchased here. 

The upper and more central counties produce, principally, tobacco, 
wheat, oats and rye, a large proportion of which finds its way to Wilming- 



SKETCH OF THE I'lTr. 41 

ton by means of the Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherford Rail Road, 
and of the steamers plying regularly between this place and Fayetteville. 
And not only is the city benehtted by the transmission of these articles 
through her port, but she sends in return, to those .same counties, a large 
per centage of the merchandise used by the inhabitants. 

There are also sections of the State in intimate connection with this city 
which abound in rich supplies of mineral wealth. This is especially true of 
the counties of Chatham and Moore, which communicate directly with Fay- 
etteville, by means of the Fayetteville and Coal Fields Rail Road, the ter- 
minus of which is, at present, at Egypt, 'in Chatham county, about forty- 
two miles from Fayctteville. These counties, although little known as 
such, are incalculably rich in the mineral wealth which lies hidden within 
them. Coal and iron especially are to be found in immense quantities;, 
and mines have been established, and have been in successful operation 
for many years past. During the period of the late war these mines fur- 
nished a large portion of the iron and coal used in the Confederate arsenals 
and workshops, in this and in the adjoining States, all of which found an 
outlet through this city. 

As an evidence of the extent and wealth of the Deep River Coal Fields, 
we would refer to the official account given of them, by Dr. Emmons in his 
Reports for the years 1852 and 1856. They are there described in detail, 
and the curious reader will find much in them to repay his research. — 
Dr. Emmons reports that the coal of this district is of the best quality of 
bituminous coal, is excellently well adapted to the manufacture of gas and 
iron, and is in such great quantities, that it may be considered as being 
actually inexhaustible. The area of the beds is over forty square miles, 
containing more than 6,000,000 tons to the mile, in all the enormous 
quantity of 240,000,000 tons. The yield of the beds, therefore, would 
approximate 1,000,000 tons annually for the next three centuries. There 
are also bituminous slates connected with this coal, of which Dr. Emmons 
says : ' ' From 30 to 40 gallons of crude kerosene oil exist in every ton of 
these states. They are from 50 to 70 feet thick, and it is proper to state 
that it is a better oil than is furnished from coal." These reports were 
fully confirmed by Admiral Wilkes in the report made by him to the 
Secretary of the Navy in the year 1859. He was, if possible, more 
enthusiastic upon the subject than was Emmons. He remarked, to a 
gentleman of this city, after his vitit to the Coal Fields, that there was no 
section of country in the world of the same area as Chatham and Moore 
counties that was as rich in mineral resources, as are they.* 

• It is my impression that the reports of Emmons and Wilkes may be found upon the 
shelves of the Wilmington Library Association. 



42 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

Besides the large quantities of coal and iron found in this Deep River 
section there are yet many other minerals which would alone enrich the 
two counties. The wealth of that portion of the St^te is actually incalcu- 
lable, and the only thing needful for its development is combined energy 
and capital. The day must soon come when the overburdened earth will 
be made to yield some portion of its hidden riches, and when that day 
does come, Wilmington must certainly be benefitted thereby. It is the 
mart to which that whole section looks as the natural outlet for its pro- 
ductions, and the influx of mineral wealth from thence will serve greatly 
to enhance the commercial importance of the already prosperous city. 

I am indebted to a gentleman of this place, one of the most eminent 
men of the State, and one who has taken great interest in the develop- 
ment of the Deep River minerals, for the following list of the various pro- 
ductions to be found tiiere. I quote from him, verbatim: 

1. Coal. 

2. Iron — black -band ore and several varieties, at "Ore Hill," near 
Deep River, and at "Buckhorn Falls," 15 miles from Egypt, down 
the river. 

3. Copper — both yellow and grey ore, in large quantities. 

4. Millstone rock, immensely valuable, and sent for from far and near 
for many years past. 

5. Roofing slate. Prof. Emmons speaks of it as the best in America. 

6. Fire Clay. Sandstone, both brown and grey. 

7. Soap stone, (algamatalite.) This kind, silky and white as snow, 
has been sent from Wilmington in large quantities for ten or twelve 
years past. 

8. Petrolium is now being bored for, and is confidently believed to be 
there." 

But it is not alone to the Deep River section that the city of Wilming- 
ton can look for mineral supplies. The chartered line of the Wilmington, 
Charlotte and Rutherford Rail Road pierces another rich portion of the 
State. This road is yet incomplete, but, thanks to the indomitable" energy 
of those who have charge of its afi"airs, cannot remain so long. In a short 
time it will have extended its arms westward to the mountains of the Ten- 
nessee line, and have embraced in its route the richest sections of the Blue 
Ridge country. The counties of Cleveland and Rutherford are particu- 
larly rich in their hoards of mineral wealth. Alum and copperas slates 
abound in vast quantities there, and during the war furnished the Southern 
States with much and valuable chemical material. It has been estimated 
that these two counties contain at least 100 square miles of these rocks, 
and that ihey would, for a great many years to come, prove fertile enough 



c 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 43 

to supply half of the continent with copperas. The productions, therefore, 
of these regions, by the contemplated completion of the Tennessee line of 
the W. C. & R. R. R., would naturally seek an outlet here. And not 
only the counties bordering upon the immediate line of road would be 
benefitted thereby, but the rich ore tracts of the more distant portions of 
the State would pour their stores of wealth down its extent to the sea 
coast. 

North Carolina is, beyond a doubt, the richest State either within or 
without the Federal Union. But her riches lie buried in the earth, and 
have never yet been brought forth to the light of day. That they have 
not been developed may be ascribed to the most natural of reasons. 
Much of the mineral wealth of which she boasts lies hidden back in 
the bosom of the hills and the mountains, far westward of the Atlantic 
coast. There has as yet been no outlet for them, neither navigable 
streams or rail road irons to encourage the citizens to unearth their treas- 
ures for a market. This has been the case heretofore, but a reaction is 
even now taking place. The results of the war have left us all dependant 
upon new resources for a support, and those who were before too inert to 
explore their own treasures have been aroused by a stern necessity from 
their inaction. Enterprise has become the order of the day, and our 
people are beginning to realize the fact that their own mother earth con- 
tains, deep hidden in her bosom, the means of their future prosperity. 
Coequal with the march of internal improvements, will be new discoveries 
and new explorations, and the results of both combined, will be individual 
wealth and State prosperity. But just so long as the people withhold 
their aid from the rail roads, just so long will that wealth and that 
prosperity be delayed. The legislature has done much, and all that could 
be expected of it ; individual enterprise must do the rest. The citizens 
of Wilmington, long noted for their commercial energy and enterprise, 
should not allow the Charlotte Railroad to languish for want of their aid. 
It is a work which, when finished, will pour into the lap of the new made 
city untold stores of mineral and agricultural wealth. Could this fact be 
fully realized by those who have the ability to aid in the work, surely the 
means would soon be found to second the will. Build this Road to the 
Western frontier, and men will soon be digging deeply into the earth. 
Complete the Road and establish the mines, and you will build up our 
city quickly and surely. 

Wilmington, in common with many other of her sister towns and cities, 
has suffered often and seriously from the terrible scourge of fire: so much 
60 indeed, that these visitations have, from time to time, seriouisly re- 
tarded its growth. Scarcely would the citizens have recovered the effects 



44 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

of one blow, ere they would be called upon to suffer again. The old 
chronicles tell us that in November, 1798, a most destructive fire oc- 
curred. On July 2'2d, 1810, three stores and five houses, situated near 
what is now the corner of Market and Second streets, but then known as 
Mud Market, were consumed by fire caused by lightning. In 1819, 
there was a most terrible conflagration, and the four squares bounded by 
Water, Princess, Second and Dock streets, were destroyed. In 1827, 
the square south of the site of the present Market House, was again burnt. 
In 1840, the square north of the Market was consumed for the second 
time, together with the Court House, which then stood at the intersection 
of Front and Market streets. In 1843 occurred the most serious con- 
flagration of any. On April 30th of that year a fire originated in the alley 
just north of the Cape Fear Bank building, and swept with rapid strides 
to the north. All exertions to check it were, for a time, in vain, and it was 
not until everything west of Front street and north of the Bank alley, and 
portions of every square east of and bordering upon the same street, and 
north of Chesnut were consumed, that its fiery course could be stopped. 
This fire also destroyed the workshops and buildings of the Wilmington 
and Weldon Railroad Company, and the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
then situated, as now, upon the corner of Front and Walnut streets. 
Three years afterwards, in 1846, the square next south of the market 
house was again destroyed by fire, and for the third time. V" 

The excellent health of this city would appear, at first sight, to those 
who knew not whence to ascribe it, as somewhat remarkable. The 
stranger, arriving here for the first time with the intention of making this 
his home, shudders as he glances over the way at the almost impenetrable 
swamps and morasses of Eagles' Island, and doubtless he is often dis- 
turbed in his sleep by dim visions of ague, and of bilious and typhoid 
fevers. His fears would seem perfectly natural, yet they almost invariably 
deceive him. The miasmas springing from the swamps and rice fields 
opposite the city are, no doubt, deadly in their nature, yet, as they arise 
and seek to float above the city, they are checked by a more powerful 
agent. The healthful qualities of the pire, as they escape with the smoke 
from our numerous mills and distilleries and steamers, meet and mingle 
with this miasma^ and rob it of its power to injure. At the same time, 
the numerous natural drains which abound from the northern to the 
southern extremities of the place, bear with them to the river all filthy 
and decaying substances. As a proof of the salubrity of the city, there 
can be no better evidence than is to be found upon the book of interments 
at Oakdale Cemetery. In this cemetery all interments are required to be 
made, and in 1859, the last year for which the records have been published, 



SKETCH OF THE CITY. 45 

the number of burials was but 112, out of a population reckoned then 
at from 9,000 to 10,000. And all of these deaths were not from natural 
causes. Some died by violence, some when mere children in arms, and 
some again ere their eyes had ever unclosed to the light of day. Cannot 
the mortuary statistics of our city challenge comparison with those of any 
other. North or South? 

True is it that Wilmington has been visited by epidemics, but only in 
a few isolated cases^ and then, in each instance, the disease was im- 
ported into its limits from other places. It is next to impossible for the 
climate itself to breed any of those terrible scourges which have so often 
ravaged the world; yet it, like all wheres else, is liable to disease through 
infection or contagion. And it too<4ike other places, has suffered severely 
by these visitations from abroad .Xlu S^tember, 1S21, the yellow fever ' 
appeared here for the first time. It was introduced by means of the brig 
"T John London, from sQme port in the West Indies. ,^t raged with great 
violence for about six weeks, and a large proportion of the citizens of the /, 
little town, then numbering only about 2,500 inhabitants, were swept 
away by it. And in the autumn of 1862, its ravages here were terrible. 
In this instance, as in the former, it was imported from the Indies, and 
on this occasion by the steamship Kate, a blockade runner, trading be- 
tween this port and Nassau. . For over ten weeks it raged with terrible 
violence, and at a period too when it was most difficult to combat its 
effects. Medicines and provisions were both scarce and high in price, 
and the little luxuries needed for the convalescent were most difficult to • 
obtain. Those of the frightened inhabitants that were able to do so, fled 
the town ; all business was abandoned, and the closed stores and silent 
streets gave the place the appearance of a deserted city. It was then, in 
that time of distress and suffering, that a few of the noble spirits of Wil- 
mington arose equal to the emergency. Regardless of self, many of our 
oldest and most valued citizens remained behind to minister to the wants 
of those who were unable to leave. Distributing food to the poor, medi- 
cine and attendance to the sick, consolation to the dying, and holy burial 
to the dead, they remained behind when many else had fled, and nobly 
fulfilled the trust they had assigned themselves. Many of them escaped, 
but some fell, and those some from the ranks of the most honored and 
esteemed citizens of the town. Rest they well, and rest they calmly. 
They need no monument above their tombs ; that is to be found in the 
hearts of those who knew them. X 

The disease finally vanished, and the reassured inhabitants returned to 
their homes — returned to find many familiar faces gone and friendly 
voices stilled. Few of those here then can ever forget that fearful time 



t/^ 



46 SKETCH OF THE CITY. 

of woe. Not even the sad and bitter memories of the war can banish 
from the mind those weeks of suffering, disease and death. 

Yet these memories belong only to the past; the present and the future 
is not of or with them. The war closed, and the great stone was rolled 
against those cavernous years. We are a new people ; what we were 
before and during the war, we are not now. The necessity for action is 
spurring us on, ever onward. Men have not time to think of the past; 
the present and the future claim each waking thought. Yet sometimes 
the olden days come back to us, and at night, in dreams, when the soul 
is not our own, we live again those bitter years, and walk with those who 
walk not now on earth. 

The City of Wilmington N. C.^ was born on Thursday, the Sth^day of 
March, 1866. The act, incorporating it into a city, was ratified by the 
Legislature on the 20th of February, and on March 8th, it was accepted 
by the citizens through the ballot box. On the same day an election was 
held for Mayor and eight Aldermen. A. H. Van Bokkelen was chosen as 
the first incumbent of the Mayoralty for the term expiring on the first day 
of January, 1867, and on the 10th day of March he entered upon the 
duties of his ofiice. At the same election, S. D. Wallace, R. J. Jones, 
James G. Burr, James H. Ryan, W. H. Lippitt, 0. G. Parsley, A. E. 
Hall and Wm. A. Wright, were chosen as Aldermen. 

This incorporate privilege, while it could not add to the commercial 
prosperity of the city, was yet an evidence of the increased importance of 
the place, in that more extended authority was needed for its government. 
That a change has been wrought for the better, there are few, even of 
those most strenuously opposed to the act, but will admit. Yet this 
change was not needed to incite to renewed commercial enterprise. That 
was inaugurated at the close of the war, and has not only never waned 
since, but is steadily on the increase, and is fast reaping its own rich fruits. 
This may be seen in the gradual extension of the habitable sections of the 
city, in the improvement of the old, and in the erection of new buildings 
in the business portions, and in the rapid increase in the arrivals of coun- 
try produce. Wilmington, even now, in proportion of population, is far 
in advance of auy of her southern sisters, and we may safely assume, that 
the day cannot be far distant, when she will stand in the front rank among 
the proudest commercial marts of the south. 

And here our sketch must close With an unskillful pen, yet with an 
earnest desire to preserve some of the fast fading relics of the past, the 
task was assumed. Aware of the many imperfections with which it 
abounds, we would disarm criticism by a candid acknowledgment of its 
faults. And knowing how imperfect it is in diction, and how incomplete 
in detail, we would beg for it the leniency of the public. It is but a col- 
lection of little waifs, gathered here and there, which, separate, would 
perhaps soon have been lost^, but which gathered together, may be 
deemed worthy of preservation as the history of our own loved Cape 
Fear region. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 47 



CICERO J. CHARLOTTE, 

lats. Cap, f\m, 

STRAIV GOODS^ 

Bonnets, Trimmed and Untrimmed, 

UMBRELLAS, PARASOLS, &c. 

65 & 67 -WOBTH STREET, 

]srEAV^ YORK. 

J. T, Petteivaif. Moger 3Ioore. 

PETTEWAY & MOORE, 

COMMISSIO!i&F0EWiBDIilGM[RCII&NTS 

No. 2 Murphy's Wharves, N. Water St., 

(Between Princess and Chesnut,) 

^viLMinsTGToisr, :t;r. o. 

Prompt personal attention given to the Sale or Ship- 
ment of Cotton, Naval Stores, Lumber and other Produce. 

Orders for Mercliandise Solicited. 

B^^Agents for Zell's Raw Bone Phosphate and Super 
Phosphate of Lime. 



48 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



LIVERY 



SIUGIU. 

lALE STABLES 



S. W. CORNER PRINCESS & THIRD STS. 

HAVE FOR HIRE AND FOR SALE, 

DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF 

Ca[fia|es, Busies, Sullies, and everf species of Veiiicle, 






>4«ft«* 



They can furnish quiet well-behaved Horses and com- 
fortahle vehicles for Funeral Obsequies. 

Hacks with good reliable teams, always on hand for 
Transportation of Passengers from the different Rail Roads 
and Steamers. And for Parties of pleasure they can fur- 
nish Fast Trotting Animals with Light Spring Buggies. 

ALL WARRANTED TO GIVE SATISFACTION. 

HORSES BOARDED by the DAY, WEEK or MONTH. 



T. J. SOTJTHEELAND. 



E. STEAGALL. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



49 



C. TIENKEN. JOHN G. BAUMAN 

TIENKEN & BAUMAN, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN 




PROVISIONS^ 

Ale, Wines, Brandy, Whisky, Gin, Rum, 

And Liquors of all kinds. 



w^OD AMD 'mit.t.Q>m^mJ^nM, 



«•» 



g) 



Having always on hand a large supply of all classes of 
goods in our line, and being in constant receipt of fresh 
goods per steamer^ we are prepared to oiBPer great induce- 
ments to wholesale buyers. 

Our stock of Groceries is one of the largest and best 
assorted in the city, and is offered at lowest market rates. 

Nos. 17 AND 19 SOUTH FRONT ST. 



50 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



C. G-. DE GAHMENDIA, 



s:B3:xffxistg- -a^hstid 





^..^^^Pn,,,,, 




IMPORTER OF 



WINES, BRANDIES, 



AND 



For Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, North and South Carolina. 

Baltimor'e, Md. 



SMAW'S 



CITY DIRECTORY, 



^\riLMIISraTON, IST. C. 



52 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



I8S KATE BURR ANO MISS NETTIE JAMES 



CONTIXDE THEIR SCHOOL AT 



<J^Id&' 



In the Rear of St. James Church, on Market Street, 
(between third and fourth.) 

¥@mmg ^ail©^' ami ©MMii)m M©©©iT©€ 

No Boys over 12 years of aire admitted. 

Terxns^ $5.00 Fei* Month. 
DANIEL C. DAVIS, 



IMM 



— with- 



PROPRIETOR OF 



m .^, 



No. 205 MARKET STREET, 

NEAR SECOND, 



Fresh Meats of all kinds constantly on hand, and dressed in a 
superior style. Hotels and families supplied at lowest rates. 
Highest market price paid for No. 1 stock. 



SMAW'S 

1866--1867. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 

a3=n, north ; s, south ; e, ea<t ; w, west ; r, residence ; bds, boards ; cor, corner ; off, 
office; opp, opposite; al, alley; wid, widow; av, avenue; R. R., Rail Road; W. & W. 
R. R., Wilmington and VVeldon Railroad; W. and M. R. R., Wilmington and Manches- 
ter Kail Road; W. C. & R. R. R., Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherford Rail Road. 

The word street is implied. 



A. 

Aaron & Rheinstein, Dry Goods and Millinery, 28 Market 
Aaron David, of Aaron & Rheinstein, bds 122 Market 
Abraham Gr. Francis, r Wooster, bt Sixth and Seventh 
Abrahams Isaac, clerk, H. Hartz, bds same 
Abraham Nathan, clerk, S. Blumenthal & Co. bds Sam'l 

Blum en thai 
Adams Express Co. office 15 s Front, James Macomber, Agent 
Adams Alex'r, brickmason, r Castle, bt Sixth and Seventh 
Adams Mrs. Kirk, r Ninth, bt Queen and Wooster 
Adams Chas. A. salesman, Mallett & Hoffman, bds Bailey's 

Hotel 
Adkins Mrs. S. E. r Fourth, bt Ann and Nun 
Adkins Samuel N. machinist, bds Mrs. S. E. Adkins 
Adkins William, machinist, W. & M. R. R. bds Henry Penny 
Adrian & Vollers, (Alex. Adrian and H. Vollers,) Groceries 

and Liquors, 100 s Front 

John H. Anderson's Southern Dry Goods 
House, Exchange Corner. 



54 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



LAWSOl ^ ti 



-A.3SriD 



SHEET IRON WORKERS, 

AND MANL'FAOTliREiW AND DEALEKS IN 




STOVES, OF VARIOOS PATTERNS. 



A GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF 



Orders for Metal Roofing, Guttering, &o., 

Executed in the most approved style at short notice. All goods are 
warranted, and sold at the lowest rates. 

MANUFACTURERS' AGENTS FOR PATENT FIRE-PROOF PAINT. 
No. 24 N. Front Street^ 

(S. W. CORNER PRINCESS,) 

A. W. LAWSON, WM. SUTTON. T. CHILDS 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 55 



Adrian Alexander, of Adrian & Vollers, r S. E. cor Front and 

Dock 
Agostini Frank M, confectionery, 15 Market, r N. E. cor 

(Sixth and Dock 
Alirens Benjamin H., clerk Louis Vollers, bds same 
Ahrens Nicholas, clerk Louis Vollers, bds same 
Alderman George F. bds N. W. cor Fourth and Mulberry 
Alderman Allison, clerk, Ephraim Wescott, bds Alf. Alderman 
Alderman Alfred, Inspector Naval Stores, r N. W. cor Fourth 

and Mulberry 
Alderman George, Inspector of Provisions, r Dock, bt Seventh 

and Eighth 
Alderman I. T. Freight Agent, W. C. & R. R. R. rcor Front 

and Mulberry 
Alderman Archibald, Inspector Naval Stores, r Fifth, bt Bla- 
den and Harnet 
Alderman James, Lumber Inspector, r Red Cross, bt Second 

and Third 
Allen Elkanah, policeman, r Chesnut, bt Ninth and Tenth 
Allen Joseph, r Front, bt Orange and Ann 
Allen Edward J. clerk, T. S Whitaker, bds Jas. Shackelford 
Allen Mrs. Julia A. bds A. S. Cannon 
Allen William A. treasurer, W. C. & R. R. R. 
Altafier Gerard M. pattern maker. Hart & Bailey, r Cottage 

lane, bt Third and Fourth 
Anderson John H. Dry (ioods, 23 & 25 Market, S. W. Cor 

Front r Ann bt Second and Third 
Anderson William T. salesman, Jno. H. Anderson, bds same 
Anderson William S. of Brown & Anderson r Fourth bt 

Ann and Nun 
Anderson James & Co.^ (James Anderson, Jacob Loeb, C. 

Lucien Jones) Commission Merchants 18 S Water 
Anderson James, of James Anderson & Co. r Orange bt Front 

and Second 
Anderson Alexander, clerk James Anderson & Co., bds Jamegt 

Anderson 
Anderson Edwin A., physician, 213 Market, r S. E. cor Front 

and Orange 
Anderson Thomas W., City clerk, bds Wm S. Anderson 
Andrews Bardin & Co. commission merchants, 2 Hall's wharves 

N. Water bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Andrews W. S. G. of Andrews Bardin & Co., r S. E. cor Front 

and Nun 

See Lippitt's Advertisement page 5. 



56 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



E. J. HALE. p. M. HALE, 

EDWARD J. HALE & SON, 

Late Editors of the Fayetteville (N. C.) Ohserver, 



sn 








Booksellers and Stationers, 



V)Wmmi^ 



Nearly Opposite St, NlcUolas Hotel. 

Will be glad to supply Booksellers and Merchants with all article:^ in 
their line at as favorable cash prices as can be had in the city. As the 
only Southern dealers in the city, they solicit personal calls or orders of 
their friends and the public. 



20 FRESH BREAD, 20 



g^Bi 






t<^' 



nmm w 



CANNED FEUITS, PEESERVES, JELLIES, 



Confectioneries of All Kinds. 

Orders for Plain and Ornamental Baking, of every variety, executed in 
the most superior style at 

CONFECTIONERY & BAKERY, 
N)@e tQ) %m4h Wm^t gtpttt^ 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 57 



Andrews John N., Pastor, Mariner's Church, bds Seaman's 

Home 
Angel Lee, Telegraph Operator, bds Saml. G. Northrop 
Applewhite Mrs. M. L., r Walnut bt Eighth and Ninth 
Arey Charles R., Salesman, John Dawson, bds Jno. C .Bowden 
Arnold Thomas, Coppersmith, Hart and Bailey, bds Dock bt 

Seventh and Eighth 
Arriugton & Everett, Dentist, 113 Market 
Atkins Geo., Clerk, A. E. Hall, r Walnut bt Third & Fourth 
Atkinson & Shepperson, Commission Merchants, Insurance 
Agents, and Agents Baltimore & Wilmington Line of Steam- 
ships^ 25 and 27 N. Water S. W. Corner Princess 
Atkinson John W., of Atkinson and Shepperson, r Fifth bt 

Orange and Ann 
Atkinson Thomas, Bishop Diocese North Carolina, r Orange 

bt Fifth and Sixth 
Atkinson Mrs. Sarah, r Chesnut bt Fifth and Sixth 

B. 

Bagg Horace A., Superior Court Clerk, r Chesnut bt Third 

and Fourth 
Bailey's Star Hotel, 19 and 21 North Front 
Bailey James H., Proprietor Bailey's Star Hotel, r same 
Bailey Alfred M., Clerk James H. Bailey, bds same 
Bailey John C, of Hart and Bailey r Cor Third and Ann 
Baker George B., with Mallett & Hoffman, r Front, bt Dock 

Orange 
Baker Miss Jane F., r Second bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Banks Mrs. Louisa, r Mulberry bt Fifth and Sixth • 
Banks Charles, bds Mrs. Mrs. Louisa Banks 
Banks John, Clerk, bds Mrs. Louisa Banks 
Banks David, r Mulberry bt Front and Second 
Bank Cape Fear Building 14 and 16 N. Front 
Bank, First National, 101 N. Front N. E. cor Princess 
Baptist Church, cor Market & Fifth, Eev. Wm. Young, Pastor 
Bappler George P. , of Heineman & Co, r cor Second & Hanover 
Bardin Benjamin H., of Andrews Bardin & Co., bds W. S. G. 

Andrews 
Barnes James, Gardener, Queen bt Seventh and Eighth 
Barnes John W., Sawyer, Kidder & Martin's Mill, r cor Front 

and Wright 

John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 

8 



58 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



WILMINQTON, N. C. 

The Buildings being completed and my Teachers having 
arrived, I have opened my 




'9 

Near the cornier of Tliird and Orange Sts, 

WILMINGTON, N. C. 

Everything will be taught which can be desired in the thorough educa- 
tion of a lady. 

It wiU be to the advantage of all, that the pupils be entered as early as 
possible. 

Owing to the scarcity of money, my tuition in the English studies will be 
seventy -five dollars, and in the Primary Department fifty dollars per year. 

For further particulars apply to the Principal. 

Mrs. ROBERT RANSOM. 



JAS. L. HATHAWAY & UTLEY, 

Formerly HATHAWAY &. CO., Importers of Molasses and Sugar, Wilmington, N, C. 

171 Pearl Street, New York. 

We solicit consignments of Cotton, Naval Stores, Sheetings, 
Yarns, Tobacco, and other Southern Products, to the sale of 
which our prompt personal attention will be given. We will 
make liberal advances upon receipt of Invoice and Bill of Lading. 
All Merchandise and Produce shipped to us for sale are insured 
from point of shipment, with or without advice. Invoices 
should always accompany each shipment. 

Both of us having had over twenty years' experience in busi- 
ness in the South, and our J. L. HATHAWAY three years in 
New York, we feel confident we can secure full prices for our 
friends who will favor us with their consignments. 

JAS. L. HATHAWAY. WM. E. IJTLEY. 



SMAW'S "WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 59 



Barry Mrs. M. S. r Third bt Chesnut and Mulberry 

Barry John D., r Third bt Chesnut and Mulberry 

Barry Michael, r Front bt Red Cross and Campbell 

Barry Horace M., Commission Merchant and Agent N. Y. and 

Wilmington Line of Steamers^ cor N. Water and Chesnut, r 

Fifth bt Princess and Chesnut 
Barry Robert P., with Horace M. Barry, r with same 
Barr William H., Clerk Kidder & Martin's Mill, r same 
Barrickman Charles W., Clerk, John Bishop, bds same 
Bartleson Samuel A., of Hanberry and Bartleson, bds Rock 

Spring Hotel 
Barlow Joseph L., Grocery and Cart House, cor Seventh and 

Market, r Market bt Seventh Eighth 
Bates Benjamin G-., Commander Steamer Waccamaw 
Bates Benjamin H., Messenger Southern Express Co 
Bate Mrs.'R., r Fifth bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Bauman John G., of Tienken & Bauman, r cor Fifth and Dock 
Bauman John C, bds John G Bauman 
Bauman John, Shoemaker, Princess bt Front and Water, r 

Second bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Beaufort Mrs. Mary, Wid. r Sixth bt Dock and Orange 
Bear Sol & Bros., Dry Goods and Clothing 19 Market 
Bear Sol , of Sol Bear & Bros, r N. Front bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Bear Samuel, of Sol Bear & Bros,, bds Sol Bear 
Bear Marcus, of Sol Bear & Bros., bds Sol Bear 
Bear Henry, Clerk, Sol Bear & Bros., bds Sol Bear 
Bear Meyer, Dry Goods and Clothing, 209 N. Water r Dock 

bt Front and Second 
Bear Simon, Dry Goods & Clothing, 219 N. Water, bds Sol Bear 
Beal Cadmus H., Machinist, Hart and Bailey, bds John D. Love 
Beal A., Blacksmith, S. Burtt r. Market bt Eighth and Ninth 
Beck Thomas W., W. & M. R. R. r cor Sixth and Red Cross 
Beery Benjamin W., of Cassidey and Beery, r cor Second and 

Nun 
Beery William L., r Front bt Ann and Nun 
Beery Stephen W., r cor Second and Red Cross 
Beery Christopher S., Clerk, Wallace and Southerland, bds 

Stephen D. Wallace 
Beery Whiteford R , Drayman, r Fourth bt Queen and Wooster 
Bell Ivey P., Ship Carpenter, r Church bt Second and Third 
Bell Charles F., clerk, Northrop's Mill, r cor Second and Church 

Confectionery in Every Variety at Lippitt's, 



60 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



FRAi\ICIS & LOUTREL, 
Steam Jolsi Printers;* 

No. 45 MAIDEN LANE, NEW YORK. 

Orders solicited for anything in our line. Largest assortment of Fancy and Staple 
Stationery, Account Books, Writing Paper and Fancy Goods, Hotel Registers, Time 
Books Expense Books, Diaries and Daily Journals published annually. 

Copy your Letters. — Use Francis' Manifold Writer, by which Letters and Copies 
are written at the same time. Price from $1 to $5. 

Merchants, Bankers, Factories, Public Offices, Railroad and Insurance Companies, 
as well as individuals, are solicited to give us their orders. Prompt and personal 
attention given. "Prices low." 

The entire building is fitted expressly for the various branches of our business, 
with new and improved Machinery, Steam Power Presses, New Type, &c. Please 
call; or send your orders to 

FliT^rSTOIS & LOXITHEL, 

LEWIS FRANCIS, ) Stationers, Printers and Bookbinders, 

CYRUS H. LOUTREL, ) 45 Maiden Lane, New York. 



1867. MAKE UP YOUR CLUBS. i867. 

NOW IS THE TIME FOR ACTION! 

THE NEW YORK DAY-BOOK. 

••» 

"We are pleased to announce that the subscription receipts of The Weekly Day-Book for 
January 1867, have been considerably more than for the same month last year, showing that 
the true'inen are not all dead, and that ''Mue Democrats" are gradually growing scarcer. It 
shows, too, that The Day-Book is now generally regarded by intelligent Democrats as the 
only paper that meets the real issues before the country in such a manner as to defy success- 
ful contradiciion. Its great fundamental principles of White Supremacy, State Sover- 
eienity and Federation are the rocks upon which the Constitution and the Union 
were built, and it labors In the glorious hope of one day restoring these to the American 
people, and it can and will do so, if True Men Everywhere will throw off all doubt and 
despair, and sustain us and labor with us as one man to correct that public opinion which 
thirty years of Abolition teachings have corrupted and debauched. 

The Day Book is now generally recognized as the Lieading Democratic Weekly of 
the Country, and^has the Largest Circulation of any Published. Being the only 
New York paper of its class made up as a Family and Agricultural Journal, Expressly 
for Country Circvilation. With full Reports of all the Kew York Markets. 
TEEMS— CASH IN ADVANCE. 

One copy one year $ 2 00 Three copies one year $ 5 50 

Five copies one year, and one to the getter Ten copies one year, and one to the getter 

up ot the club...'. 10 00 up of the club 17 50 

Additional copies 175 Twenty copies 30 00 

The DAY-f500K and Old Guard for 1867 will be sent together for $4 50, The Old Guako 
will be sent in plrco of extra copies, if desired, by enclosing 50 cents extra, specimen 
copies/ree, and every persou^who approves of its principles is requested and urged to act as 
agent for it in his own neighborhood, and send on subscriptions. Address, giving post- 
omce, county and state in full. 

^ VAN EVKIE, HORTON «& CO., 

No. 163 Nassau Street, NeAv York. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 61 



Bell Mrs. Mary, r cor Seventh and Bladen 

Bell William K., Machinist W. & W. R. R., r Fifth bt Castle 

and Queen 
Bell James, Blackswith W. & M. R. R., r cor Walnut and An- 
derson 
Bell Edward N., r cor Ninth and Chesnut 
Bellamy John D., r cor Market and Fifth 
Bellamy William J. H., Student, has John D Bellamy 
Bellamy Marsdeu, Law Office, 106 Princess, bds Jno. D. Bellamy 
Bender Daniel S., r Castle bt Sixth and Seventh 
Benson Levi, Tailor, r Seventh bt Church and Castle 
Berry William A., Physician, 19 N. Front, r Fifth bt Mar- 
ket and Dock 
Bernard Dudley W., Pressman, Dispatch Office, bds Mrs. C. K. 

Price 
Bernard William H., Printer, 4 S. Water, bds Mrs. C. K. 

Price 
Best James, Engineer W. & M. R. R., r Third bt Harnett and 

Cowan 
Bettencourt Mrs. William C, r S. E. cor Chesnut and Second 
Bicaise Frank, bds Bailey's Hotel 
Biddle William H., County Jailor, r Jail Building 
Binder Albert C, Clerk, H. Kordlander, bds same 
Bishop Frank, Blacksmith, S. Burtt, bds cor Dock and Seventh 
Bishop Jasper, Clerk, William Larkins, bds Sixth bt Chesnut 

and Mulberry 
Bishop John, Proprietor Pilot House, 109 N, Water, r same 
Bishop Henry M., Timber Inspector, r Sixth bt Chesnut and 

Mulberry 
Bishop George, Policeman, r Sixth bt Queen and Wooster 
Bissett John, Machinist, bds Nathan E. Brickhouse 
Bizzell Frank A., Clerk, Finlayson & Bro., bdsD. E. Bunting 
Black Archibald D., Clerk, Harris & Howell 
Black H. C, Clerk, Gardner and Nunn, bds Mrs. M. S. McCaleb 
Blaney Samuel, Clerk, N. Bremer, bds same 
Blaney Mrs. Evelina 0., School Teacher, r Dock bt Second and 

Third 
Bloom Peter, Bakery, cor Fourth and Red Cross, r same 
Bloom H. H., Grocer, cor Fifth and Chesnut, r same 
Blossom Joseph R. & Evans, Commission Merchants and Dis- 
tillers, 2 Person's wharves 

The Cheapest Dry Goods House in the City, 
John H. Anderson's. 



62 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



A. H. VAN BOKKELEN, 

Foreign Shippiag 

AND 

COMMISSION MEECHIMT, 

No. 3 Hall's Wharves, N. Water Street, 

(between chesnut and mulbebky,) 



Orders for any of the products or manufactures of the country will re- 
ceive prompt and personal attention. 



t) C!^% 



BOOKSELLER hM STATIONER, 




[Sign of the Bible,] 

WILMINGTON, N. C. 



All Orders from the Country Promptly Filled. 

Particular Attention Given to the Sale of School Books. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 63 



Blossom Samuel, Store, cor Fourth and Chesnut, r cor Sixth 

and Castle 
Blumenthal S. & Co., Dry Goods and Clothing, 100 and 102 

Market 
Blumenthal Samuel, of S. Blumenthal & Co., r Fourth ht Ches- 
nut and Mulberry" 
Blumenthal Mrs. H., Boarding House, 4 S. Front, (up stairs) 
Bolles Charles P., Civil Engineer, bds Mrs. E. M. Walker 
Boon Mrs. M., r cor Seventh and Campbell 
Boon Alexander, Machinist, W. & W. R. R., r Hanover bt 

Second and Third 
Boon Laighton, Clerk H. Webb, bds same 
Borden James C, Conductor W. & W. R. R. 
Bowden James 0., Inspector Naval Stores, r Red Cross bt Third 

and Fourth 
Rowden William N., Clerk, Vick Mebane & Co., bds John C. 

Bowden 
Bowden John C. , Inspector Naval Stores, r cor Second & Chesnut 
Bowden Whiteford B., bds John C. Bowden 
Bowden Lemuel H., Timber Inspector, r Princess bt Fifth and 

Sixth 
Bowden Joseph N., Baggage Master, W. & M. R. R., bds John 

C. Bowden 
Bowden Hanson, bds James 0. Bowden 
Bowden Morriss, Policeman, bds Mrs. Mary J. Lewis 
Boyd Mrs. R., r cor Second and Brunswick 
Boyd Adam, Carpenter, W. & M. R. R., bds R. Walker 
Boykin Thomas J., with E. Murray & Co., bds Mrs. John Cowan 
Braddy James, Clerk, A. H. Van Bokkelen, r cor Queen and 

Surry 
Bradley G. & C, (George H. and Charles Bradley,) Boots and 

Shoes, 108 Market 
Bradley Samuel J., Clerk George A. Peck, bds Treat. F. Peck 
Bradley Alfred 0., Physician, 106 S. Front, r same. 
Bradley James A., bds A. 0. Bradley. 
Bradk^y George H., of G. & C Bradley, bds Treat F. Peck 
Bradley Charles, of G. & C. Bradley", bds Mrs. William H. 

Marks 
Bremer Henry, Boiler Maker, Hart & Bailey, bds Second bt 

Walnut and Campbell 
Bremer John, of Bremer & Bro., r Third bt Church and Castle 
Bremer Henry, of Bremer & Bro., r Second bt Market and Dock 

Groceries and Liquors of all Kinds at 
Huggins & Co. 



64 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



LET THE MATTER BE FAIRLY WEIGHED. 

If you feel the attacks of disease there should be no delay. Instantly have recourse to 
the proper means of restoring health, on the first attack, before tlie disease has penetrated 
the entire sj'stem. 

A small quantity of water will extinguish a newly kindled fire ; but when the flames rise 
in columns to the skies, how much exertion and water it requires to stop the progress of 
the conflasrration ! 

So likewise the importance of 

BRANDRETH'S FILLS 

Can scarcely be estimated when used in the commencement of any disease. 

The object of this great medicine is the conservation and reparation of the human body. 
Let this truth be impressed on every intelligent mind. 

Moreover, 

BRANDRETH'S PILLS COMMIT NO MISTAKE. 

They take out the humors which make us sick, but do not touch the life. 

Weathersfikld, Wyoming Count}', N. Y., June 27, 1865. 

Doctor Bkandreth — Tlii< certifies that I have used your celebrated Pills for over 
twenty years, personally and in my family. When we are sick, instead of sending for a 
doctor we use Brandreth's Pills. I believe if every one would adopt the same course the 
doctors would have but little to do. I have traveled in fifteen States, and been in the army 
sixteen months, and necessarily exposed to much disease, yet by the use of your Rlls 
occasionally have secured my health through the biting vdnter's frost and the scorching 
summer's heat. In fact, Doctor, I feel, -svith your Pills in my pocket, safe from the attacks 
of disease. They seem to cleanse the blood aud regulate the sj-stem, whether it be troubled 
with dizziness, diarrhoea, or costiveness. When out of sorts, I use them, and they always 
cure me. I would not be without them for four times their cost. 

I send this to you that others who know me may profit by it, wishing to do good to my 
fellow beings. N. HIGLEY, 

Company H, 130th New York Volunteers. 

TO THE INTELLIGENT.— ALL DISEASES 

Arise from, or end in, impurity of the blood. No matter how called, each can be cured by 
vegetable purgatives, wliich do not only "nip in the bud," but actually expel the foul 
humors which produce dreadful headache, tic-douloureux, and rheumatism, as well as liver 
affections, pain in the side, and general heaviness and weariness upon the least exertion. 

"' BRANDRETH'S PILLS 

Not only cure these affections, but also asthma, and all curable affections of the lungs, as 
well as recent colds and coughs. Even consumption and bleeding of the lungs have often 
been cured by them. Tliose who use, recommend; but their virtues surpass eulogy; they 
must be used to be fully appreciated. 

Dr. James Lull, of Potsdam, N. Y., writes, August 11, 1859 :—" I met with a man 
three weeks ago in Canada, who had slightly injured his finger two or three days before, 
which caused immediate pain, swelling and violent fever. When I saw him the pain and 
swelling had extended to the shoulder, depriving him of rest or sleep. His hand was turn- 
ing dark-colored, and on the point of mortification. His doctor was ignorant of the nature 
of his case. I got there at evening, and during the night I gave him a whole box of pills, 
applied a yeast poultice, and saved his life." 

Principal Oflace, 294 Canal Street, 

(BRANDRETH BUILDING,) NEW YORK. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 65 



Bremer & Bro., Groceries and Liquors, 125 and 127 Market 

S. W. cor Second 
Bremer John M., of Stolter & Bremer, r 200 Market (up stairs) 
Bremer Nicholas, Grocer, cor Front and Chesnut, r same 
Bremer Henry M., Groceries and Liquors, 30 S. Front, r same 
Bremer Henry, Machinist, r Third bt Queen and Wooster 
Brickhouse Nathan E., r cor Front and Church 
Bridgeman Arthur P., Clerk, Farmers' House, bds same 
Briggs Mrs. Mary, r cor Third and Queen 
Brigman Mrs. Rachel, r cor Anderson and Dudley 
Brigman Mijss Kate, bds Mrs. Rachael Brigman 
Brock & Clifford, Proprietors Brock's Exchange, 13 N. Front 
Brock Henry C, of Brock & Clifford, r 13 N. Front 
Brockett James H., Grocer, cor Second and Church, r same 
Broderick Patrick, Policeman, r Front bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Brown Samuel N., Seaman, r Wooster bt Eighth and Ninth 
Brown James H., works L. J. Sherman, bds Mrs. E. J. Savage 
Brown AVilliam, Seaman, r Ninth bt Chesnut and Dudley 
Brown John W., Telegraph Operator, bds K. Brown 
Brown Thomas A., Salesman, M. M. Katz & Co., bds G. Prigge 
Brown K., Cooper, r Fourth bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Brown Alexander D., Salesman, Kahnweiler & Bro., bds Fifth 

bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Brown John Kent, of James & Brown, bds Dr. W. E. Freeman 
Brown Robert W., Printer, Dispatch OfiSce, bds K. Brown 
Brown Asa, Messenger Southern Express Co. 
Brown John B., Salesman, Hedrick & Ryan, bds James Shack- 
elford 
Brown & Anderson, Watches and Jewelry, 106 Market 
Brown Thomas W., of Brown & Anderson, r Orange bt Front 

and Second 
Browning E. D., Conductor, W. & W. R. R., bds James C. 

Lumsden 
Bryant James 0., Laborer, r Front bt Orange and Ann 
Bryant William, Printer, r cor Sixth and Wooster 
Bryan Mrs. M., r cor Campbell and Third 
Buford Mrs. Mary E., r cor Bladen and Tenth 
Bue Duncan M., Physician, r Second bt Ann and Nun 
Bulcken John G., Cleik, John H. Groetjen, r Orange bt Second 

and Third 
Bunn L. F., Painter, r Princess bt Ninth and Tentli 
Bunting Thomas 0., Clerk, A. Weil & Co., bds John L. Holmes 

Adrian & VoUers, Wholesale Grocery and 
Liquor House. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



CANNON & STOKLEY, 



WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALEKS IN 



§xmm, Jiqiiflrs, |Proijisi0ns, &c., 

m. i mmm f^@pct ^t^iit. 



W. H. WILLIAMS. A. SOUTHERLAND 

W. H. WILLIAMS & CO«j 
General Commission and Forwarding Merchants, 

No. 19 NORTH WATER ST., 



HENR7 REEDEH, 



-DEALER IN- 



No. 227 North Water Street, 



g li.U.a "^a 



SAMUEL BLUMENTHAL & CO., 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 




CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES, &c., 

Nos. 101 and 103 Market St., corner of Front, 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 67 



Bunting Samuel R., Sheriif New Hanover County, r cor Market 

and Eighth 
Bunting David E., Inspector Provisions, r Third bt Red Cross 

and Campbell 
Burch Wifliam F., r Guthrie's alley bt Orange and Ann 
Burch Mrs. Mary E., r Walnut bt Third and Fourth 
Burkhimer Henry, Tobacco, Cigars, &c., 5 Market, r cor 

Fourth and Ann 
Burkhimer Charles, Clerk, Henry Burkheimer, bds same 
Burkhimer W., Harbor Master, r Cottage lane bt Third and 

Fourth 
Burnett Richard, r Fourth bt Brunswick and Bladen 
Burnett Mrs. John, r Eighth bt Castle and Queen 
Burriss Christopher, Pilot, r Chesnut bt Eighth and Ninth 
Burriss Sylvester, Pikit, r cor Seventh and Church 
Burruss Edwin E., President First National Bank, bds Henry 

R. Perrin 
Burr James G., Cashier Bank of Cape Fear; r Bank Building, 

16 N. Front 
Burr Charles E., Painter, r 116 Market (up stairs) 
Burr Ancrum B., Planter, r Plank Road 
Burr Horace, Salesman, A. Weill & Co., r Dock bt Front and 

Second 
Burtt S., Blacksmith, Mulberry bt Front and N. Water, r 

Fourth bt Market and Dock 
Burtt S. Jr., Clerk, M. M. Katz & Co., bds S. Burtt 
Butt Columbus N. G., Teller First National Bank, bds cor 

Front and Mulberry 
Byrd Mrs R., r cor Second and Brunswick 

c. 

Cack Henry, Clerk, Philip Newman, bds same 

Cahen Alfred, Clerk, D. & J. Newman, bds Joseph Newman 

Calder Robert E., Book-keeper, Keith & Kerchner, bds 122 

Market 
Calder William, Reporter, Dispatch Office, bds 122 Market 
Calais William J., Pattern Maker, Hart & Bailey, bds Mrs. 

Jno. R. Coney 
Camack James, Tinner, A. H. Neff, bds Seaman's Home 
Cannon Samuel N., of Cannon & Stokley, r cor Third and Or- 
ange 

Bargains in Ladies' Dress Goods at John H. 
Anderson's. 



68 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



J. R. BURNETT, 

New York. 



M. McINNIS, 

Wilmington, N. C. 



B. C. EARL, 

New York. 



BOKNETT, McINKIS t EARL, 

No. 36 "Whitehall Street, 



^ — » o » ^m 



SPECIAL ATTENTION PAID TO THE 

SALE OF COTTON, NAVAL STORES &C. 

And the Purchase of Plantation Supplies. 



Kstablished in 1822. 



mmn i iMiEisoM 



9 



Wholesale and Retail Dealers in and Importers of 



W4T€; 



Ml 



'iMW, 



Silverware, Silver Plated Goods, Cutlery? Clocks, 
Opera Glasses, Vases, Pistols, &c. 



Concave and Convex Spectacles to Suit all Ages 



WATCHES ANB JEWELRY REPAIRED 

WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 69 



Cannon & Stokley, (Samuel N. Cannon & James Stokley) Gro- 
ceries & Provisions, 8 South Water 
Cannon Alfred S., r Castle bt Sixth and Seventh 
Cantwell John L., Freiglit Agent, W. & M. R. R. bds 122 

Market 
Capps Andrew, Mechanic, Hart & Bailey r cor Sixth and 

Uawson 
Capp.s Thomas J., Ship Carpenter, r Seventh bt Church and 

Castle 
Carr Thomas B., Dentist, 111 Market (up stairs,) r same 
Carr Nicholas, Constable, r Fifth bt Hanover and Brunswick 
Carr W. E., Dentist, with Thos. B. Carr, bds same 
Carpenter Alfred, Salesman, J. S. Topham & Co., r Fifth bt 

Nun and Church 
Carey Joseph W., Carpenter, W. & M R. R. bds William 

Kinyon 
Carrol Mike, Policeman, bds P. W. White 
Cason Edward F., Clerk, W. & W. R. R. bds Mrs. M. S. 

McCaleb 
Cassidey & Beery, (James Cassidey & Benj. W. Beery) Ship 

Builders South Water, bt Nun and Church 
Cassidey James, of Cassidey & Beery, r Church bt Front and 

Surry 
Cassidey Henry Clay, Clerk, Cassidey & Beery, bds James 

Cassidey 
Cates James J., Carpenter, W. & M. R. R. r cor Bladen and 

Sixth 
Cazam Anthony D., with Worth & Daniel, r Dock bt Sixth 

and Seventh 
Ceggin C, Engineer, W. iSs M. R. R. r cor Fifth and Bladen 
Chadbourn James H. & Co., (James H. Chadbourn & George 

Chadbourn) Commission Merchants and Proprietors Steam 

Saw Mills, office. No. 7 Dock street, (up stairs) 
Chadbourn James H., of James H. Chadbourn & Co., r Orano-e 

bt Third and Fourth 
Chadbourn George, of Jas. H. Chadbourn & Co., r cor Front 

and Nun 
Chambers Ida, Private Boarding House, Craig's Alley bt 

Second and Third 
Chambers John 0., Clerk, David R. Kennedy, bds same 
Chesnut Columbus L., Accountant, bds Horatio Davis 



Tienken & Bauman offer Inducements in 
Groceries and Liquors. 



70 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



S. P. WRIGHT, M. D. 



W. E. DAY, M. D. 



DAY & WRIGHT, 




km 





"Wholesale and Retail 






AND DEALERS IN 





PURE DRUGS AND MEDICINES, CHEMICALS, ACIDS 



AND A GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF 



Painters' Colors and Brushes, 



PAf 111 1 






By the Package, Dozen, or Gross. 
FANCY ARTICLES OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS ; HAIR, TOOTH, 
FLESH AND NAIL BRUSHES; EVERY VARIETY OF 
COMBS AND PERFUMERY; BAY RUM, CO- 
LOGNE AND FLORIDA WATER, OF 
THE VERY BEST QUALITY. 



Agents for Paschall Morris' Celebrated Philadelphia 



Put up expressly for us Orders for large and small quantities solicited. 
In fact, we offer the largest stock in our line to be found in the State, at 
the lowest cash prices. Physicians and dealers are invited to call and 
price our goods. 

Prescription Department Open at All Hours, Day and Night. 

208 MARKET ST., WILMINGTON, N. C. 



SMAW'S WILMTNQTON DIRECTORY. 71 



Chikla* Tripler, of A. W. Lawson & Co. 

City Hall, N. E. cor Third and Princess 

City Hotel, 180 Market, N. Frederick, pronrietor 

Clark John M., clerk Worth and Daniel, r Walnut bt Fourth 

and Fifth 
Clifford Joseph A., of Brock & Clifford, r 13 North Front 
Clifford L. P., Foreman, Clarendon Iron Works, r Queen bt 

Fourth and Fifth 
Collins James W., Accountant, Worth & Daniel, r cor Fifth 

and Orano;e 
Collison William C, Mechanic, bds Mrs. P. Conigan 
Collins John, clerk Eduard Peschau 
Colville Thomas L., foreman. Hart & Bailey, r Fourth bt Bladen 

and Harnet 
Colton Mrs. A. M. F., Milliner, Second bt Market and Dock, 

r same 
Coleman Joel, Carpenter, r Craig's Alley bt Second and Third 
Cole Matthew 0., Carpenter, r Fourth bt Queen and Wooster 
Conoley John J., Special Magistrate, r cor Seventh and 

Princess 
Conoley James W., clerk, E. Willis, bds John J. Conoley 
Coney Mrs. John R., wid, r Fourth bt Orange and Ann 
Coney Walter, clerk, Lemmerman & Co., bds Mrs. J. R. Coney 
Conigan Mrs. P., wid, r Market bt Eighth and Ninth 
Cooper John, Mechanic, Hart & Bailey, bds Wm. Palmer 
Cook John C, Store, cor Third & Nun, r same 
Copes Mrs. B. F., wid, r cor Sixth and Chesnut 
Copes G-eorge S., Cabinet Maker and Undertaker, 27 North 

Front, r cor Sixth and Chesnut 
Copes Benjamin F., Carpenter, George S. Copes, bds cor Sixth 

and Chesnut 
Corbett William J., r Hanover bt Second and Third 
Cornehlson J. H. N., Saloon, 9 Market, bds cor Dock and 

Front 
Costin John S., bds Alfred S. Cannon 
Costin Mrs. John, wid, r Dock bt Sixth and Seventh 
Costin William H., Brick Mason, r cor Sixth and Nun 
Costin Andrew J., clerk, Cronlv & Morris, bds Miles Costin 
Costin William T., clerk, Wolfe, Wronski & Co. bds William 

H. Costin 
Costin Miles, r cor Fifth and Dock 
Cotjohn Richard, Grocer, cor Front and Brunswick, r same 



Bargains to Wholesale Buyers at Exchange 

Corner. 



a 



72 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



WORKS, CAMDEN, N. J. 



STEEL PEN WIANUFACTUREBS, 

403 Arch St., Phila., 51 John St., N. Y. 

These celebrated Pens are of genuine American manufacture, and com- 
prise every leading style in the market, and are equal in finish, elasticity 
and fineness of point, to the best imported. They are, therefore, sure to 
gain the confidence of the American public. Samples and prices on ap- 
plication. Lots made to ord^r, of any pattern or stamp required. For 
sale to the trade at the Manufacturers' warehouses as above, and at retail 
by all stationers, booksellers and news dealers in the United States. 

Woolworth & Graham, Agts. R. Esterbrook & Co. 



General Collecting Agent. 

WILL COLLECT 

NOTES, BILLS, DRAFTS, &C., 

And will enter suit in the Superior and County Courts of New Hanover. 

mwmE, PK(iNiei§§ strut, 

WILMINGTON, N. C. 

IIEFEPIS TO 

COL. E. D. HALL, 

SAMUEL R. BUNTING, Sheriff, 

ADAM EMPIE, Esq. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. YS 



Cotjolin Cason Engineer Steamer Waccamaw, r cor Fifth and 

Bladen 
County Jail, Princess bt Third and Fourth 
Court House, Princess bt Second and Third 
Cowan Robert H., President W. C. & R. R. R. Office 100 Princess 

cor Front, r Front bt Chesnut and Mulberry- 
Cowan Robert H. Jr., clerk^ Sol. Haas & Co. bds Robert H. 

Cowan 
Cowan John, Ticket Ajrent W. C. & R. R. R. bds Mrs. Sarah 

Cowan 
Cowan Piatt D., clerk, W. C. & R. R. R. bds Mrs. Sarah 

Cowan 
Cowan Mrs. Sarah, wid, r cor Fourth and Chesnut 
Cowan Mrs. John, wid, r cor Front and Mulberry 
Cowan Thomas. J., Policeman, bds F. Melton 
Cowan William W. Polieceman, bds F. Melton 
Cox Joseph J., of Russel, Ellis & Cox, bds Third bt Chesnut 

and Mulberry 
Cox Robert M., of R. M. Cox & Co. bds City Hotel 
Cox R. M. & Co., Commission Merchants, 121 Nutt 
Craft Mrs. T. C, wid, r Princess bt Eighth and Ninth 
Craft Thomas C. clerk, Daniel A. Smith, bds Mrs. T. C. Craft 
Craify M., Gardener, Edward Kidder, r Fourth bt Dock and 

Orange 
Craig John B., Tailor, Munson & Co. r Princess bt Fourth and 

Fifth 
Craig Joshua G., Gunsmith, Aaron H. Neff, r Eighth bt 

Mulberry and Walnut 
Craig Mrs. Henry, wid; r Fifth bt Wooster and Dawson 
Craig Mrs. Joseph, wid, r Fifth bt Wooster and Dawson 
Crawford George E., bds David E. Bunting 
Croom Isaac, Brick Mason, r Eighth bt Castle and Queen 
Croom John A., r Eighth bt Castle and Queen 
Croom John C, Carpenter, Hart & Bailey, r Seventh bt Castle 

and Queen 
Cumming William A., of Northrop & Cumming, r Second bt 

Orange and Ann 
Cumming James D., Book-keeper, Jas. H. Chadbourn & Co. 

r Princess bt Eighth and Ninth 
Cumming Preston, clerk, 0. G. Parsley & Co. bds William A. 

Cumming 
Cumber Mrs. E., wid, r Dawson bt Third and Fourth 

Toys and Other Curiosities at J. W. Lippitt's 

10 



74 ADVERTISEMNTS. 



ALEX'K JOHNSON, Jr. E. T. McKEITHAN- 

ALEX'R JOHNSON & CO., 

WHOLESALE 




■v7"iLivLi3sra-TOisr. isr. o. 



Prompt attention given to all consignments of Cotton^ Naval Stores and 
G-eneral Produ'ce, for consignment or Shipment. 



J. B. STARR. L. C. LINEBERRY. 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS 

Iffo. 164 Front Street 



All consignments to us are covered by Insurance from point of Ship- 
ment, and forwarded through Wilmington by Alex'r Johnson & Co., free 
of Commission. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. Y5 



Currie Stephen A., Livery Stables, 119 and 121 Princess cor 

Second 
Currie Mrs. C. A., wid., Proprietress Farmers House, 113 and 

115 Niitt, r same 
Currie George, Moulder, Clarendon Iron Works, bds Nathan E. 

Brickhouse 
Curtis G-eorge T., r Sixth bt Princess and Chesnut 
Custom House, (U. S.) 11 North Water 
Cutlar Frederick J., Physician, 100 Princess cor Front, r cor 

Second and Walnut 
Cutlar Du Brutz, Attorney at Law, 23 North Front (up stairs) 

r Second bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Cutts A. H. Conductor W. & W. R. R. r Red Cross bt Fourth 

and Fifth 

D. 

Daggett W. T., Salesman, H. Clay Elliott, bds cor Front and 

Mulberry 
Dahmer J., Store cor Nutt and Red Cross, r same 
Dally Rev. J. H., Pastor Front Street Methodist Church, r cor 

Second and Walnut 
Daniel N. G-., of Worth & Daniel, r Front bt Ann and Nun 
Daniel Stephen, Clerk Ice House, r cor Bladen and Front 
Darby James, Superintendent Wilmington Gas Light Co. r cor 

Church and Surry 
Daves Graham, of De Rossett & Co. bds cor Second and Dock 
Davis George, Clerk Post Office, bds cor Third and Chesnut 
Davis W. W. , Physician, bds George W. Pollock 
Davis William W. Clerk, James W. Lippitt, bds Charles E. 

Burr 
Davis Mary, r cor Fourth and Castle 
Davis F. A., bds Mrs. M. Riley 
Davis Daniel C, with Daniel Klein, bds same 
Davis William E., r Chesnut bt Eighth and Ninth 
Davis Horatio, Law Student, r Second bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Davis George, Law Office 23 North Front (up stairs,) r Second 

bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Davis James, Clerk, Harriss & Howell, bds Mrs. C .C.Whitney 
Davis John T., bds Mrs. C. C. Whitney 
Davis Junius, Law Student, bds George Davis, Second bt 

Walnut and Red Cross 



Domestic Dry Goods Sold Low at John H. 
Anderson's. 



76 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



SOUTHERN LAND, 

No. 71 BROADWAY, NEW YORK, 

NEAR WALL STREET, 

W. H. QUIlSrC Y, (Late of South Carolina,) Secretary. 

ORGANIZED FOR THE PURPOSE OF INTRODtJClIVG CAPITAL. MECHAN- 
ICAL, SKILL, EMIGRATION AND LABOR-SAVING 3IACHINERY 
INTO AHE SOUTHERN STATES. 

Stationery and Portable Engines, Saw and Grist Mills, Cotton Gins and Presses, Turpen- 
tine and Whiskey Distilleries, Agricultural Implements, Sashes, Blinds, Doors, and other 
Building Materials, and Labor-Saving Machinery of all kinds, furnished at Manufacturers' 
Prices, 

Consignments of Cotton, Turpentine and all other Southern Products solicited. 

White Labor (Germans, &c.,) supplied. 

Southern Lands sold, leased and exchanged. 

Particular attention paid to the sale of State and RaUroad Bonds and all other Southern 
Securities. Address 

W. H. QUINCY, Secretary, 71 Broadway, N. Y. 

lEi. X2 £^ £: ft :e: zsr o :e: s : 

Governor E. E. Fenton, New York. I Messrs. W. T. Walters & Co., Baltimore, Md. 

Governor F. Peirpoint, Virginia. | Messrs. Thomas «fc Co., Bankers, baltimore,Md. 



Ex-Governor John Letcber, Virginia, 
G. W. RiSfi8, Banker, Washington, D. C. 
Messrs. Wilson, Gilson & Co., Bankers, N. T. 
Ed. Haight, Pres. Bank Commonwelath, N. Y. 
Hy. Stokes, Pres. Manhattan Life Ins. Co. N.Y. 



Col. Wm. L. Johnson, President Charlotte 

and Columbia Railroad. 
Gen. John Bratton, Unionville, S. C" 
Eufus Johnston, Pres't Exchange Bank, 

Columbia, S. C. 



BOSTON POST, 

DAILY, $10 jper Annum in Advance. 

BOSTON PRESS AND POST, 

SJEMI-WEEKLY, $4 per Annum. 

BOSTON STATESMAN & WEEKLY POST, 

$2 per Annum in advance. 

This long established -Journal has ever been the constant and unchang- 
ing advocate of sound Constitutional and Conservative Doctrine, and has 
mantained the true principal of American Republicanism. 

Its Circulation is large and advertising facilities unrivalled. 

The South will find it to be a journal entitled to its liberal support. 

Address BEALS, GREENE & CO., Publishers, 

40) Q@N;(IRiS§ ST.. i@ST@Ufi. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. t7 



David A. & Co., Clothing, 30 Market 

David Abraham, of A. David & Co., bds Mrs. H. Blumenthal 

Dawson George, Machinist W. & W. R. R. 

Dawson James, Exchange Broker, 5 North Front, r cor Front 

and Chesnut -->,.,^^ 

Dawson John, Dry Goods & Hardware, 20, 22 & 24 Market, r ) 

. Second bt Market and Dock -^ 

Day & Wright, (Wra. E. Day & S. P. Wright) Druggists 208 

Market 
Day William E., of Day & Wright, r 208 Market 
Dean James, Book-keeper, Kidder & Martin, r Fourth bt Orange 

and Ann 
Deintsbach W., Shoemaker, J. G. Voss, bds same 
De Laney D., Tailor, Sol. Bear & Bro., r Red Cross bt Third 

and Fourth 
Dent William, Pattern Maker, W. & W. R. R. bds Mrs Hiram 

Sholar 
Denmark S. H., Bookkeeper, Alex. Oldham, bds same 
De Neale Mrs W. H., wid, Boarding House, Front bt Walnut 

and Red Cross 
De Neale William H., bds Mrs. W. H. De Neale 
De Rossett Armand J., of De Rossett & Co., r cor Second and 

Dock 
De Rossett Armand L., Clerk, Worth & Daniel, r cor Market 

and Fifth 
De Rossett William L., of De Rossett & Co., r cor Second and 

Dock 
De Rossett & Co., Commission Merchants, 9 North Water 
De Rossett Thomas C, Clerk, De Rossett & Co., bds Armand J. 

De Rossett 
Destract William, Baker, r Walnut bt Fifth and Sixth 
Detels Henry, Clerk, Eduard Peschau, bds cor Front and Dock 
Devane William S., of W. S. & D. J. Devane, r 8 Princess 
Devaue Duncan J., of W. S. & D. J. Devane, r 8 Princess 
Devane W. S. & D. J.. Law Office, 8 Princess 
Dew Larry, r Third bt Bladen and Harnet 
Dewey Frank H., Money Clerk, Southern Express Co, bds Geo. 

C. Preston 
Dickinson Piatt- K., r cor Front and Chesnut 
Dickinson Thaddeus, r Dock bt Seventh and Eighth 
Dickerson John, Blacksmith W. & W. R. R. bds Mrs Hiram 

Sholar 



The Cheapest Dry Goods House in the City, 
John H. Anderson's. 



78 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



D. G. WORTH. N. G. DANIEL. 

WORTH ac DANIEL, 

,f Mfiiiiij Mil iiwmisswa ^ 

AND DEALERS IN 

SALT, HAY AND COAL. 




GOODSPEED'S 

New York Line of Steamships, 

PHILADELPHIA 8l SOUTHERN MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY, 





JONAS SMITH'S LINE OP 

NEW YORK SAILING PACKETS, 



AND 



Am 



"^o 






TO FAYETTEVILLE. 



Mr. A. D. Cazaux is with us and will give his undivided 
attention to the shipping department. 

ItTo. 116 S. "VST-A^TEI^ ST., 
(T. C. & B. G. WORTH'S Old Stand,) 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 79 



Dicksey Jesse W., clerk, Wm. N. Peclen^ r Second bt Mulberry 

and Walnut 
Dicksey Phineas T., Clerk,, Watson Hall, bds same 
DinglehofF Meinbard, Watcbmaker, 12 Soutb Front, r Chesnut 

bt Fourth and Fifth 
Divine John F., Master Machinist W. & W. K. R. r cor Fourth 

and Walnut 
Donally Samuel, Machinest, r Second bt Church and Castle 
Donlon Timothy, Superintendent Oakdale Cemetery, r Princess 

bt Ninth and Tenth 
Donelly James, Mechanic, Hart & Baily, bds Market bt Third 

and Fourth 
Donnell William C, of J. S. Scott & Co., r Fifth bt Orange 

and Ann 
Doney Richard, Seaman, bds Mrs. Hiram Sholar 
Doscher C, Grocer, cor Fourth and Castle, r same 
Douglas Thomas J., Carpenter, r Fifth bt Castle and Queen 
Doumeland August, of M. Schulken & Co., r 100 South Water 

cor Dock 
Dowling M., Grocer, cor Fifth and Walnut, r same 
Drane Henry M., President W. & M. R. R. r cor Fifth and 

Chesnut 
Driscoll Daniel, r Toomer's Alley bt Front and Second 
Droze Mrs. S., wid, r cor Seventh and Mulberry 
Dudley Guilford L., Freight Agent W. & W. R. R. bds Alfred 

Martin 
Dudley William, Tinner, A. W. Lawson & Co. 
Dudley Robert C, Insurance Agt., 2 Hall's Wharves, r Cottage 

Lane bt Third and Fourth 
Dudley Edward B., Clerk, Wm. L. Beery, bds Robt. C. Dudley 
Dudley John L. Clerk, Oscar G. Parsley Sr., bds Robert C. 

Dudley 
Dudley C., r Fifth bt Castle and Queen 
Duffie Lawrence E., r cor Second and Chesnut 
Dugid W. H., Carpenter, W. & W. R. R. r Eighth bt Mulberry 

and Walnut 
Dunbar, Fairley & Co., (J. C. Dunbar, J. M. Fairley, J. A. 

Nicholson & R. N. Fairley,) 1 Hall's Wharves, N. Water 
Dyer Emma, r Eighth bt Castle and Queen 
Dyer John, Cutter, Munson & Co., r cor Market and Tenth 
Dymott Robert E., Gas Fitter, bds James Mitchell 
Dynon John, Junk Store & Grocery, 4 Hall's Wharves, r same 

John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stan d. 



80 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JAMES WALKER. JOHN MAUNDER. 

WALKER& MAUNDER, 

Wilmington Marble Works, 

AKE PEEPARED TO FILL ALL ORDERS FOR 
MARBLE 

MANTELS, 

Giave Stones, 

'J 

6 AH DEK 




Is. 




imillKIITS, 



Of the Latest and Most Approved Designs. 

OFFICE, S. E. COR. FRONT & WALNUT STS., 
TVilmiiig-ton- TV. <J- 



BOOKSELLER AND STATIONER, 




School Books, School and Office Stationery, 

IsTo. 6 NORTH FROISTT ST., 
WILMINaTON, N". C. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 81 



E. 

Earpe John, r Chesnut bt Fourth and Fifth 

Eckel Henry, Grocer, 25 South Front, r Fourth bt Market and 

Princess 
Edens Mrs. Helen, r Dock bt Sixth and Seventh 
Edwards Amos W., Machinist, W. & W. R. R. r cor Fourth 

and Queen 
Edmoudson W. B., r cor Front and Red Cross 
Egan P. & Co., (Patrick Egan & Edward Gr. Egan) Groceries 

and Liquors, cor Nutt and Mulberry 
Egan Patrick, of P. Egan & Co. , r Chesnut bt Fifth and Sixth 
Eagan Edward J., of P. Egan & Co., r Third bt Church and 

Castle 
Eilers Herman B. Commissfon Merchant, 1 Market, r cor Fifth 

and Orange 
Eilers William T., Clerk, Hart & Bailey, bds Herman B. Eilers 
Eilers Edward A., Clerk, Lemmerman & Co., bds Herman B. 

Eilers 
Ellis Charles S. ,of Russell, Ellis & Cox, r Second bt Orange& Ann 
Ellis Alfred, r Second bt Orange and Ann 
Ellis James H., Carpenter, W. & W. R. R. r Walnut bt Second 

and Third 
Elliot Henry C. Groceries, Hardware & General Merchandise, 8 

Market, bds Mrs. John Cowan 
Elwell Mrs. William, wid, r cor Third and Walnut 
Elwell Eli, Bookbinder, Philip Heinsberger, bds Mrs. William 

Elwell 
Elwell John D. Physician & Druggist, cor Front and Mulberry 

r Chesnut bt Sixth and Seventh 
Elwell Charles, Mattress Maker, Daniel A Smith, bds Mrs. 

William Elwell 
Empie Adam, Law Office, 115 Princess (Journal Buildings,) r 

Front bt Ann and Nun 
Empie William R., bds Adam Empie 
Engelhard & Price, Editors & Proprietors Wilmington Journal, 

Journal Buildings, 111 113 & 115 Pricess 
Engelhard J. A., of Engelhard & Price, bds William L. Pitts 
Episcopal Church, (St James) cor Third and Market, Rev. A. 

A. Watson, Rector 
Episcopal Church, (St Johns) cor Third and Red Cross Rev. R. 

E. Terry Rector 



John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 

Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 

11 



82 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



K. HENNING- & CO., 

Proprietors 




DEALERS IN THE 



^ — *^-» — ■^m 



Orders promptly attended to, and Coal delivered to any part 
of the City. 

Office, No. 7 Market Street, 

WIL3IINGTON, m C, 



miMMim 



Near Comer Third and Orange Sts., 

WILMING-TON, N. C. 



PRINCIPAL 



BMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 83 



Erambert H., Steward, City Hotel, bds same 

Ertkenker I. F., Physician, 103 South Front, r same 

Estes L. G., Collector Internal Revenue, bds T. B. Smith 

Evans John, r Second bt Nun and Church 

Evans John J., Conductor, W. & M. R. R., r Red Cross bt 
Fourth and Fifth 

Evans Thomas, of J. R. Blossom & Evans, r cor Third and Nun 

Evans Henry C, Clerk, Geo. Ft. French & Son, bds Geo. R. 
French 

Everett Mrs. A., r Seventh bt Chesnut and Mulberry 

Everett John A., bds Mrs. A. Everett 

Everett D. E., Dentist, with B. F. Arlington, bds James Shack- 
elford 

Eyden & Suden, (Rudolph Eyden & Edward Suden,) Groceries 
and Liquors, S. E, cor. Princess and Second 

Eyden Rudolph, of Eyden & Suden, r S. E. cor Princesa and 
Second 

Ezekiels Mark E., Clerk, A. & S. Witcover, bds W. Witcover 

F. 

Fairley John M., of Dunbar, Fairley & Co., bds John A. 

Nicholson 
Fanning Phineas W., Sign Painter, Front bt Orange and Ann. 

r same 
Farmer's House, 13, 15, and 17 Nutt bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Fergus Daniel, r Second bt Ann and Nun 
Filyaw Mrs. J. G. , r fourth bt Bladen and Harnet 
Fink Hammond, Clerk, Christian H. Moore, bds same 
Finlayson & Bro., (M. U. Finlayson & A. J. Finlayson,) Com- 
mission Merchants, 7 North Water (up stairs) 
Finlayson M. U., of Finlayson & Bro., r cor Seventh and 

Walnut 
Finger John F., Clerk, Kidder & Martin's Mill, r same 
Fintay Robert, Mechanic, W. & W. R. R., r cor Front and 

Harnet 
Fisher George, Laborer, bds J. F. Legwin, cor Nutt & Walnut 
Fitzgerald John, Butcher, r Chesnut bt fifth and sixth 
Planner William B., Commission Merchant and Agent Mur- 
ray's New York Line Packets, 2, Murphy's Wharves, bds 
Front bt Walnut and Red Cross 

Bargains in Ladies' Dress Goods at John H. 
Anderson's. 



84 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JAMES CASSIDEY. 



BENJ. W. BEERY. 



CASSIDEY 6c BEERY, 




c 





HAVING EVERY FACILITY AT OUR COMMAND 

We are prepared to execute all orders in our line, promptly. 




H'-^ 



Between Nun and Church, 






le «5«1« ^^e 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 85 



Flanner Chas, Clerk, Haas &Co., Ms Bennett Flanner 
Flanner Henry G., Clerk, Wm. B. Flanner, bds Bennett Flanner 
Flanner Bennett, r Front bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Flanagan Laurence, Variety Store, -4, and 26 South Front, r 

same 
Flanagan Dennis, r cor Seventh and Orange 
Fleet James, r cor Fifth and Nun 
Flowers John, r Walnut bt Seventh and Eight 
Forsman Henry, Moulder, Hart & Bailey, r Castle bt Second 

and Third 
Forrest John J., Seaman, r cor Fourth and Church 
Foster David P. Machinist, W. &M. R. R. r Hanover bt Second 

and Third 
Foster Henry E., Carpenter, bds Mrs, T. Barnes 
Foster James P. , Port Collector, r cor Second and Ann 
Fosman Henry W., Machinist, bds James F. Brockett 
Fowler Nathaniel R., r Front bt Nun and Church 
Fowler William G., r cor Front and Ann 
Fowler William G. Jr., bds Nathaniel R. Fowler 
Fowler Nathaniel R. Jr., bds Nathaniel R. Fowler 
Fox Martin, Clerk, A. Weill & Co., bds Gus. Rosenthal 
Fox George A., Carpenter, W. & M. R. R. r Ninth bt Princess 

and Chesnut 
Foyles Mrs Daniel M., wid, r cor Seventh and Dock 
Frank R. F., Captain U. S. Army Comd'g Post, bds Mrs. W. 

G. Milligan 
Freeman William E., Physician, Front bt Chesnut & Mulberry 

r same 
Fremont S. L. Superintendent W. & W. R. R. r cor Front and 

Walnut 
French George Z., Groceries & Liquors, 9 South Front, r Third 

bt Nun and Church 
French Charles H., Salesman, Geo. Z. French, bds same 
French William H., Clerk, Geo. Z. French, bds same 
French Beverly T., Clerk_, Aaron & Rhienstein, 
French Robert S., of Person & French, bds S. M. West 

French William R., Clerk, W. C. & R. R. R. bds 

French George R. & Son, Boots & Shoes 12, Market 

French George R., of George R. French & Son, r cor Fourth 

and Dock 
French William A., of George R. French & Son, r Fourth bt 

Dock and Orange 



Bargains to Wholesale Buyers at Exchange 

Corner. 



86 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 





.A.T AVHOLES^^LLiE. 



To Booksellers, Stationers, Druggists, Dealers in 
Fancy Goods, Merchants and all others who pur- 
chase Envelopes a7id Writing Papers. 



Beg leave to call the attention of Dealers in Envelopes to the 
extensive assortment and superior quality of those manufactured 
by them. Their machinery for manufacturing Envelopes is 
the latest and best — folding and gumming them in the most per- 
fect manner. 

The assortment embraces over 700 kinds, including every 
size, style, color and quality, including the new splendid 
Opaque Envelopes — five colors ; also the new Open End, for 
ladies' correspondence, both of which styles were first intro- 
duced by us. 

The subscribers have facilities for manufacturing half a mil- 
lion envelopes per day, so that all orders can be filled promptly. 

Also, the Irving and Harrison Mills Writing Papers, by the 
case, or in any quantity to suit the purchaser. All offered at 
the lowest possible prices. 

Samples, with a trade list of prices, furnished, when re- 
quested, and sent by mail free of postage. 

SAMUEL RAYNOR & Co. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 87 



French George R. Jr., Clerk, Geo. R. French & Son^ bds Geo, 

R. French 
French James Mc D., Clerk, Geo, R. French & Son, bds Geo. 

R. French 
Frederick Norris, Proprietor City Hotel, 130 Market, r same 
Fry Joseph, Candy Maker, James W. Lippitt, bds 20 N. Front 
Fulton Mrs. Catherine A , r Fourth bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Furlong Walter, Clerk, Ice House, r Second bt Market and 

Princess 

G. 

Ganzer Charles H,, of Heineman & Co., r Second bt Campbell 

and Hanover 
Gardner & Nunn, (T. M. Gardner & J. F. Nunn) Auctioneers 

210 Market 
Gardner Thomas M., of Gardner & Nunn, r Market bt Sixth 

and Seventh 
Gardner Jnuius D. Sr., r Mulberry bt Fourth and Fifth 
Gardner Junius D. Jr., r Chesnut bt Eighth and Ninth 
Gardner George, Engineer, W. C. & R. R. R. bds James D. 

Gardner Sr 
Gardner William D., Carpenter, r cor Eighth and Wooster 
Garrett Oliver C.,, Clerk, Dunbar, Fairley & Co., bds J. A. 

Nicholson 
Garrisson Mrs. E. wid, r cor Sixth and Queen 
Gate Adam, of Otten & Gate, r 217 North Water 
Gates Daniel, Cooper, r cor Seventh and Bladen 
Gaynon M. J., Wheelwright, r Fifth bt Red Cross and 

Campbell 
George E. Pay son. Insurance Agent, 5 North Water, up stairs 

bds Chas. H. Robinson 
Gerken H., Grocer, cor Sixth and Mulberry, r same 
Gerken Neill, Grocer, 9 Princess, r cor Sixth and Mulberry 
Gerken William H., Clerk, Simon Bear, bds Neill Gerken 
Giles Norwood, Clerk, W. & M. R. R. bds cor Third and 

Chesnut 
Giles Clayton, Clerk, 0. G. Parsley & Co., bds cor Third and 

Chesnut 
Gill R. J. Foreman Blacksmith Shop, W. & W. R. R. r Hanover 

bt Second and Third 
Gilbert Henry D., r Fifth bt Dock and Orange 
Gilbert Mrs. Sarah A., wid, r cor Seventh and Castle 

The Cheapest Dry Goods in tlie City, John 
H. Anderson's 



88 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




No. 7 N. FRONT STREET. 






lUo 



€^t J[inkk i JTpn Vetoing Placljint, 

Combining the latest and most simple improvement in its invention, 
durable in construction, and clieap in price^ is offered to the citi- 
zens of this and the surrounding sections of country. 

It has been proven, by actual experiment, to be the best household assistant that 
has ever yet been produced. 

It can Hem, Fell, Bind, Embroider, Braid, Tuck, Gather, &c., &c. It is adapted 
to all kinds of Tailoring, Cloak-making, Shoe-fitting, Glove work, Corset manu- 
facture, &c. 

It can be used with either the finest or the coarsest thread, and the same Machine 
will work as well with No. 150 as with No. 1. 

Without extra charge, each Machine is furnished with Hemmer and Feller, one 
dozen Needles, half-dozen Bobbins, Gauge, Oil Can, Screw-Driver and Wrench. 

Binding or embroidering of any pattern done by a simple attachment. 

There are also attachments, such as Inker and Marker, Quilting Guide, Adjustable 
Binder, &c., which can be sold with them, for only a few dollars extra. In all cases, 
bear this in mind, that if, after purchase, these Machines do not suit, the money will 
be refunded, and the transaction cancelled. 

Call and see the Machine at work, or send for a circular of prices and full 
description. 

FRANK D. SMAW, Jr., Agent, 

No. 7 N, Front Street, Wilmington, N. C. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 89 



Gilliii:an Newton, Pressman Journal Office, r Eighth bt Princess 

and Chesmit 
Gilligan Charles, Machinist, Hart & Bailey, r Chcsnut bt Eighth 

and Ninth 
Goodwin James W., Saloon, 3 North Water, r same 
Goodman Abraham, Clerk, Fred Mayer, bds same 
Goodman William, Dry Goods, 223^ North Water, r Fifth bt 

Mulberry and Walnut 
Goodman Samuel, Clerk, Sol. Bear & Bro., r Fifth bt Mulberry 

and Walnut 
Gordon William, Watchman, W. & W. R. R. r cor Third 

and Wooster 
Goteberg N., Variety Store, 123 Market and 203 North Water, 

r cor Princess and Second 
Gray Robert S., Machinist^ Hart & Bailey, bds J. F. Legwin 
Grady Benjamin F., Exchange Broker, 101 North Water cor 

Princess, bds City Hotel 
Grant Reuben, r Fifth bt Ann and Nun 
Grant James, r cor Market and Seventh 
Grainger Isaac B. Bookkeeper, James Dawson, r Orange bt 

Fourth and Fifth 
Green James G., Yard Master, W. & M. R. R, r cor Second 

and Nun 
Green Samuel, bds Mrs. J. J. Lippitt 
Greene Zeno H., Grocer and Commission Merchant 7 N. Water 

r cor Second and Red Cross 
Greenburg Raphael, Salesman, D. & J. Newman bds J. 

Newman 
Greer David J., Woodyard, 237 N. Water cor Mulberry, r cor 

Princess and Fourth 
Greer John, Tinner, Hiram N. Policy, r cor Princess and 

Fourth 
Gregory Samuel, Salesman, R. M. Cox & Co., bds David E. 

Bunting 
Griffith John, Sailmaker, r cor Sixth and Castle 
Groetjen William, Grocer, cor Front and Church, r Castle bt 

Front and Second 
Groetjen George, Clerk, William Groetjen, bds same 
Groetejn John H., Grocer, 221 North Water, r same 
Gunther Henry A., Moulder, Hart & Bailey, r Second bt Market 

and Dock 

John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 

12 



90 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



JOS. B. RUSSELL. CHAS. ELLIS. JOSEPH J. COX. 

RUSSELL, ELLIS ^ COX., 

No. 19 NORTH WATER ST., 

ITITilmington^ Nm Cm 



Particular attention given to the sale or shipment of 

Cotton, Naval Stores, G-rain, &c. 

EiUiEO PESCHii, 









No. 207 North Water Street, 



¥JI[iLaMm=aT'©l[. 1[, €. 



Branch House at Lumberton, N. C. 



SMAW'S WILMINaXON DIRECTORY. 91 



Giistaven George, Copper Smith, Hart & Bailey, r Castle bt 

Second and Third 
Gusterfuson John, Machinist, bds James F. Brockett 
Guthrie James, Sliip Carpenter, r cor Ann and Sixth 
Guttenberg Julius Ca3sar, Policeman, r cor Market and Ninth 

H. 

Haas Sol. &Co., Commission Merchants, 2 Person's Wiiarves 

cor N. Water & Chestnut 
Haas Sol., of Sol. Haas & Co., bds Mrs John Cowan 
Haas Jacob, of Haas & Co., bds Thomas B. Smith 
Haas & Co., Clothing and Gents Furnishing Goods, 8 and 10 

Market 
Haas Henry, Grocer, cor Seventh and Chesnut, r same 
Hall Edward D., r Orange bt Second and Third 
Hall Avon E. Commission Merchant, 111 North Water, r Fifth 

bt Dock and Orange 
Hall Watson, r Church bt Front and Second 
Hall David, Machinist, W. &M. P. R. bds Henry Penny 
Hall George, Master Machinist, W. & M. R. R. bds Mr. W. G. 

Milligan 
Hall Samuel G., Printer, Dispatch Office, bds cor Seventh and 

Mulberry 
Hallett Benjamin A. , of Martin & Hallet, bds Mrs. W. H. Marks 
Hamilton Edward, Mechanic, Hart & Bailey, bds Dock bt Sixth 

and Seventh 
Hanchey Owen R., r Sixth bt Dock and Orange 
Hancock E. T., Salesman, N. Jacobi, bds Mrs. W. G. Milligan 
Hannon Lemuel W., Captain City Police, r Third bt Church 

and Castle 
Hansley Miss C. Seamstress, r Chesnut bt Eighth and Ninth 
Hansley John, r cor Seventh and Queen 
Hansley Evan, Merchant, r Fifth bt Dock and Orange 
Hanberry Henry R., of Hanberry & Bartleson, bds Rock Spring 

Hotel 
Hanberry & Bartleson, (H. R. Hanberry & S. A. Bartleson) 

Dentists, 109 Princess (Journal Buildiag) 
Hankins M. M., Mechanic W. W. R. R. r Fourth bt Brunnwick 

and Bladen 
Hart Godfrej-, Clerk, N. Jacobi, r cor Chesnut and Ninth 
Hart Levi A., of Hart & Bailey, r cor Third and Cottage Lane 

Domestic Dry Goods Sold Low at John H. 
Anderson's. 



92 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



20. Henry S. Parsons, \M, 



MASUFACTURER AND DEALER IN 



e§i^^ 




^ 



GAITERS, SLIPPERS, 



And a general assortment of 

SHOE stocik:, Scc 



The Retail department is stocked with first class goods, manufactured to 
order for this market, 

WHOLESALE BUYERS 

Will find it advantageous to examine my Stock, which is composed of 
nothing but the best Goods, and is offered at Prices that defy competition. 

Orders for Custom Work and Repairing executed in the best style at 
short notice. 

No. 1 20 MARKET ST., 



bH*~i'^-n''^i'^ 



A 






SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 93 



Hart & Bailey, (Levi A. Hart & John C. Bailey) Iron and Brass 

Foundry, 20 South Front 

Harriss Thomas M., News Dealer, 4 North Front 

Harriss & Howell, (Geo. Harriss, W.W. Harriss, A. J. Howell) 

Commission Merchants, 1 Murphy's Wharves, N. Water 
Harriss George^ of Harriss & Howell^ r ISecoud bt Dock and 

Orange 
Harriss William M., Clerk, Harriss & Howell, r Market bt 

Ninth and Tenth 
Hartz H., Dry Goods & Clothing, 18 Market, r Market bt Fifth 

and Sixth 
Hartsfield Asa A., Boots and Shoes, 23 North Front, r cor 

Market and Seventh 
Hartsfield William B., Coppersmith, r cor Second and Hanover 
Hardy Mrs.. H. B., r 122 Market (up stairs) 
Hardy William H., Tailor, Munson & Co., r Nun bt Fifth and 

Sixth 
Harvey Mrs. Ann, wid, r cor Seventh and Wooster 
Harker Mrs. Kebecca A., r Seventh bt Queen and Wooster 
Harkell William T., Policeman, r Dawson bt Seventh and 

Eighth 
Harper Mrs. Mary, wid, r cor Eighth and Bladen 
Harper James T., Mate, Tug Oldham, bds Sylvanius Holden 
Hardwick John M., Grocer, 128 Market, r Princess bt Eighth 

and Ninth 
Harrell Elisha J., r Mulberry bt Eighth and Ninth 
Hashagen Henry, Grocer, cor Fourth and Walnut, r same 
Hawkins Mrs. J., wid, r Ann bt Sixth and Seventh 
Hawkins Miss E., r cor Anderson and Kankin 
Hawkins John, Carpenter, r Castle bt Fourth and Fifth 
Hawkins J. J., Boot Maker, Henry S. Parsons, 
Hawes Charles W., Clerk, Williams & Murchison, r cor Sixth 

and Nun 
Hays Benjamin F., Carpenter, r cor Dawson aad Fifth 
Hays Wm. M., Printer, Journal Office, r cor Princess and Fifth 

Haynie William, Conductor, W. & M. R. H. bds 

Hayden P., Blacksmith, W. & M. R. R. r Chesnut bt Fourth 

and Fifth 
Heatly Sam'l W., Professor of Music, Mrs. Ransom's Seminary, 

bds William Larkins 
Hedrick &. Ryan, (Johh J. Hedrick, James H. Ryan) Staple 

and Fancy Dry Goods, 7 North Front 



The Cheapest Dry Goods House in the City, 
John H. Anderson's. 



n 

94 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



J) m Ml 



*k ^) ^) 6^ €^ ^^s^ ^^ ^U ^ 

No. 107 North Water Street, 

Keeps constantly on hand a large pnd choice selection of fine 

OIF- J^LH. ICin^IDS. . 
OYSTERS IN THEIR SEASON. 



14¥4 






m w a \m m 



STEPHEN KELLY, Proprietor. 




PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY AND NEATLY COIVIPOUNDED. 
No. 34 Market Street^ 

N. W. CORNER TKONT, 



, &fi. ©. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 95 



Hedrick John J., of Hedrick & Ryan, r Second bt Princess and 

Cliesnut 
Heins John F. Grocer, 225 North Water, r same 
Heinsherger Philip, Bookbinder, Basement Journal Buildings 

r Chesnnt ht Fourth and Fifth 
Heineman & Co. (G. Heineman, Gr. P. Bappler^ C. H. Ganzer) 

Butchers, 3 South Second 
Henning R. & Co., Coal Dealers, Office 7 Market 
Henning Robert, of R. Henning & Co., bds James Cassidey 
Henderson J. M., Ins])ector Naval Stores, bds E. Turlington 
Herbert George F., Clerk, Kahnweiler & Bro., bds Mrs. U. 

Blumenthal 
Herring Michael, works L. J. Sherman, bds same 
Hewlett E. D., Grocer, cor Front and Castle, r Castle bt Sixth 

and Seventh 
Hewlett Lewis M. Miller, Mitchell & Huggins, r cor Fifth and 

Church 
Hewlett Mrs. M., Boarding House, Fifth bt Hanover and 

Brunswick 
Hewlett John H., Machinist, Hart & Bailey, bds Dock bt 

Seventh and Eighth 
Hewlett Aaron T., Clerk, Ephriam Wescott, r cor Sixth and 

Church 
Hewett Edward, r Dawson bt Seventh and Eighth 
Hewett John W., Shoemaker, of Jacobs & Hewett, r cor Fifth 

and Church 
Hewing Mrs. E., wid, r cor Mulberry and McRae 
Heyer John C, Grocer, 211 North Water, r cor Fourth and 

Red Cross 
Hicks J. A., r Third bt Castle and Queen 
Hill John T., Policeman, r Fifth bt Castle and Queen 
Hill James H., Bookkeeper, Sol. Haas & Co., r Third bt 

Mulberry and Walnut 
Hill Gaston, Clerk, D. & J. Newman, bds Jos. Newman 
Hill Frederick C, bds William A. Wright'^ 
Hines John, Grocer, cor McRae and Walnut, r same 
Hinds Mary, r cor Market and Seventh 
Hodges John W., Printer, Journal Office, r Second bt Church 

and Nun 
Hodges Daniel, Shoemaker, G. & C. Bradley, bds Market bt 

Third and Fourth 
Hoffman Charles, of Mallett & Hoffman, bds Wm. L. Pitts 

John H. Andersou's Southern Dry Goods 
House, Exchange Corner. 



96 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



J. A. ENGELHAED. 



A. L. PRICE. 

PRINTERS AND PUBLISHERS, 

111, 113 and 115 Princess, bet. Front and Second Sts., 

THE DAILY JOURNAL, 

(ESTABLISHED IN IS51.) 
The oldest and most widely circulated daily paper in the State, is published six times a 
■week, at $10 per annum, payable in advance. Daily reports of the markets and telegraphic 
news, up to the hour of going to press, are given in this paper. 

The W^ILMIHGTOH JOURNAL^ 



.2 2oi?dSg» 



(ESTABLISHED IN 1844.) 







JOB PRINTING, 



-SUCH AS- 



CARDS, 

HANDBILLS, 
CHECKS, 



BILLS OP EXCHANGE, 
BILLS OF LADING, 
PAMPHLETS, 



BILL-HEADS, PROGRAMMES, 



CIRCULARS, 
POSTERS, 
LABELS, 

&c., &c. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 97 



Holden Svlvanius, Policeman, r cor Market and Ninth 

Holt William N., Bookkeeper, 0. G. Parsley & Co., bds Mrs. J. 

M. Stevenson 
Holmes John L., Attorney at Law, Office at Court House, r cor 

Fourth and Chesnut 
Horen Michael, Grocer, 231 North Water, r same 
Howey Thomas H., r cor Fourth and Ann 
Howland Samuel, Clerk^ Huggins & Co., r Seventh ht Chesnut 

and Princess 
Huff James H., Carpenter, cor Front and Ann,r Ann, bt Front 

and Second 
Huggins & Co., (Luke B. Huggins, James B. Huggins,) 

Groceries & Liquors, 201 & 203 Market cor Second 
Huggins LukeB., of Huggins & Co., r cor Seventh & Mulberry 
Huggins James B., of Huggins & Co., bds Luke B. Huggins 

Huggins George W., Watchmaker, Brown & Anderson, r 

Huggins W^illiam T., of Mitchell & Huggins, r Fourth bt 

Dock and Orange 
Hughes Joseph C, Plasterer, r cor Queen and Fifth 
Huhn Mrs. E. wid, r cor Mulberry and McRae 
Hussell C, Grocer, cor Fourth and Brunswick, r same 
Hutaf M., Grocer, cor Fourth and Bladen, r same 
Hutaf Henry, Grocer, 215 North Water, r same, 
Hutaf John, Clerk, Henry Hutaf, bds same 
i-:atchinson Joseph,, Carpenter, r Harnet bt Fourth and Fifth 

I. 

Irvine J. W., r Front bt Red Cross and Campbell ' 

Isaac's Samuel, clerk, Sol. Bear & Bro., bds Sol. Bear 
Ivey John R., Conductor, W. & W. R. R. bds Jno. C. Bowden 
Ivey S. P., r Plank Road 

J. 

Jacobs William L., Baggage Master, W. & M. R. R. r cor 

Fourth and Princess 
Jacobs Allen, r Third bt Harnet and Cowan 
Jacobs Benjamin J., of Jacobs & Hewett, r Princess bt Fourth 

and Fifth 
Jacobs & Hewett, (B. J. Jacobs, J. W. Hewett,) Shoe Makers, 

206 Market 

John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 

13 



98 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



James Anderson. Jacob Loeb. C-L- Jones- 

Jims iiiiiE®! & e®. 

GENERAL 

No. 18 S. WATER ST. 



Strict attention given to the sale or purchase of Cotton, Naval 

Stores and other produce. 

Goods or Produce forwarded promptly to any point desired. 

Liberal advances made on consignments. 



I5=*iBL ^g^i^^J 




WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 



Dry Goods 




BOOTS, SHOES, HITS, CIP 



AND 



General Merchandise, 

No. 19 N. WATER ST., WILMINGTON, N. C. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 99 



Jacobi Natliaijiel, Dry Goods, 10 Market 

Jackson Cornelius, Policeman, r Third bt Queen and Wooster 

James Jolin S., Inspector of Naval Stores, office with A. 

Sprunt, 16 S. Water, r 107 Market (up stairs) 
James Joshua T., bds John S. James 
James T. C, Shipping Clerk, Atkinson & Shepperson, bds 

John. S. James 
James John C, Local Editor, Wilmington Journal, bds John 

S. James 
James & Brown, (Wra. H. James, John K. Brown,) Civil 

Engineers, 100 Princess cor Front 
James William H,, of James & Brown, bds City Hotel 
James Francis M., Brickmason, r cor Eighth & Wooster 
Japhe William, Clerk, N. Goteberg, bds same 
Jarrell Mrs. Sarah A., r Chesnut bt Ninth and Tenth 
Jarrell John F,, Butcher, r Third bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Jenkins John W., Policeman, r Dawson bt Third and Fourth 
Jestice Mrs. M,, wid, r cor Sixth and Wooster 
Jewett Mrs. Lucy A., wid, r Third bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Jewett Richard B., Clerk, John Dawson, bds Mrs. Lucy A. 

Jewett 
Jewett Stephen, Clerk, Mallett and Hoffman, bds Mrs. Lucy 

A. Jewett 
Jewett George W., School, cor Fourth and Mulberry, r same 
Jobson William, Carpenter, W. &. M. R. R. r Princess bt 

Eighth and Ninth 
Johnson Rufus S., Delivery Clerk, Southern Express, bds 

Second bt Mulberry and Chesnut 
Johnson Alex. & Co., (Alexander Johnson, Edwin T. 

McKeithan,) Commission Merchants, 16 South Water 
Johnson Alexander, of Alex. Johnson & Co., r Orange bt 

Fourth and Fifth 
Johnson Emma, r Ann bt Front and Second 
Johnson William, Tinner, Aaron H. Neflf, bds Jas. F. Brockett 
Johnson Mrs. M., wid, r Ninth bt Queen and Wooster 
Johnson William, Fisherman, r cor Sixth and Dawson 
Johnson Mrs. Sarah A., wid r Dawson bt Fifth and Sixth 
Johnson Miss Lizzie, Seamstress, r Castle bt Fourth aud Fifth 
Johnson Thomas H. Butcher, Market House, r cor Seventh and 

Dock 
Johnson Andrew J., Butcher, Market House, r Seventh bt 

Chesnut and Mulberry 

Bargains in Ladies' Dress Goods at John H. 
Anderson's. 



100 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ENVELOPE, 

PHOTOGRAPH ALBUIKI, BLANK BOOK lYlANUFATURERS, 









1#®® 



5S) 



(corner of JOHN STREET,) 



DNTE VST -YTOJE^l^. 
OWEN C. OWENS. ALEXANDER AGAR. 



A LARGE AND COMPLETE ASSORTMENT 

OF THE ABOVE GOODS 

CONSTANTLY ON HAND. 

EVERY DESCRIPTION OF 



isi 



We also offer to Southern Booksellers and Educators 

STERLING'S SOUTHERI SERIES OF SCHOOL BOOKS, 

BEING 

"OUR OWN SERIES," 

Revised and Improved by Richard Sterling, A. M. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 101 



Johnson Samuel, Proprietor Mechanics Hotel, Front bt Orange 

and Ann, r same 
Jones James L., Printer, Journal Office, bds Chas, McLammy 
Jones C" Lucien, of James Anderson & Co., hds Jas. Anderson 
Jones S., Machinist, W. & M. R. R. r Chesnut bt Ninth & Tenth 
Jones Richard J., City Tax Collector, r Market bt Eighth and 

Ninth 
Jones Miss Carrie, Boarding House, Fifth bt Dock and Orange 
Jones William B., r Fifth bt Dock and Orange 
Judge John, of 0. G. Parsley & Co., r cor Dock and Sixth 
Julick John F., r cor Front and Wooster 

K. 

Kahnweiler & Bro., (Daniel Kahnweiler, David Kahnweiler,) 

Millinery & Dry Goods, 3 & 5 South Front, Clothing 100 & 

102 Market 
Kahnweiler Emanuel, Clerk, Kahnweiler & Bro., bds Brock's 

Exchange 
Kahnweiler.David, of Kahnweiler &Bro., bds Brock's Exchange 
Kahnweiler Daniel, of Kahnweiler & Bro., bds Brock's 

Exchange 
Kahnweiler, Samuel, Clerk, Kahnweiler & Bro., bds Mrs. H. 

Blumenthal 
Katz M. M. & Co., Dry Goods & Millinery, 26 Market 
Katz Morris M., of M. M. Katz & Co., r cor Market and Fourth 
Keathley E. H., Watchmaker, 16 North Water, bds Rock 

Spring Hotel 
Keen Joseph L., Brick Mason, r cor Fifth and Princess 
Keeter Elijah W., r cor Sixth and Wooster 
Kehr August, of Marcus & Kehr, bds H. Marcus 
Keith & Kerchner, (Edwin A. Keith, Francis W. Kerchner 

Commission Merchants, Wholesale Grocers & Agents 

Baltimore Line of Packets, 3 & 5 Dock 
Keith Edwin A., of Keith & Kerchner, r Orange bt Third and 

Fourth 
Keith Wiley P., Carpenter, r Hanover bt Fifth and Sixth 
Kelly Oliver, Clerk, R. M Cox & Co., r cor Walnut and Sixth 
Kelly William H., Clerk, Atkinson & Shepperson, bds James 

Shackelford 
Kelly Mrs. James, wid, r Anderson bt Eighth and Ninth 
Kelly Stephen, Saloon, 107 North Water 



Bargains to Wholesale Buyers at Exchange 

Corner. 



102 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



S. ¥. Vick, 0. P. Mebane, W. D. Eeynolds & Bro. 

of Wilmington, N. C. of Alamance Co. N. C. of Norfolk, Va. 

WHOLESALE GROCERS 

AND 

No. 129 N. WATER STREET, (up stairs,) 

WILMINGTON, N, C, 

HENRY KOBBIANDER, 

ALE AND LAGER BEEB SALOON, 



Maniafacturer of 



km BOTTLER OF ALE & PORTER. 

FBESH ALE <C BEEB ALWAYS ON DRAUGHT, 

©fti@k© Wcrtti^ Lcqiui@(ri & ©cgiirg ©lit Jiioid), 



A First-class Bagatelle Table is kept for the Amuse- 
ment of guests. 

Nos. 8 and 10 Dock Street, Wilmington, N. C. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 103 



Kennedy Robert, Printer, Journal Office, bds Eock Spring 

Hotel 
Kennedy David R., Grocer cor Fourth and Church, r same 
Kennedy William, Painter, r Castle bt Fourth and Fifth 
Kennedy Mrs. A, J., r cor Fifth and Walnut 
Kennedy Daniel, Drayman, r Fifth bt Ann and Nun 
Kennedy Hester, Seamstress, r Sixth bt Wooster and Dawson 
Kennedy Mrs. Catharine G., r cor Market and Third 
Kennedy Miss Kate, School, Third bt Market and Princess, r 

cor Market and Third 
Kenan William R., Bookkeeper, A. A. Willard, bds Wm. H. 

McRary 
Kendrick Frederick F., Bookkeeper, George Z. French, bds 

same 
Kerchner Francis W., of Keith & Kerchner, bds Mrs. John 

Cowan 
Kerrigan James, Grocer. 3 North Water, r same 
Kerr Miss E. J., Milliner, Kahnweiler & Bro., bds cor Second 

and Chesnut 
Kidder & Martin, (E. Kidder, S. N. Martin.) Commission 

Merchants, Insurance Agents, & Proprietors of the Cowan 

Steam Saw and Plaining Mills, Office 22 South Water, (up 

stairs) 
Kidder Edward, of Kidder & Martin, r cor Third and Dock 
Kidder George, Clerk, Kidder & Martin, bds Edward Kidder 
King A. J., Clerk, N. Goteberg. r cor Market and Ninth 
King James, Clerk, Wm. H. Lippitt, bds L. H. Bowden 
King Frank W., Butcher, Market House, bds A. J. King 
King JereJ., Butcher, Market House, r Second bt Nun and 

Church 
King Jere, Butcher, Jere J. King, bds same 
King John B., Butcher, Market House, r Wooster bt Eighth 

and Ninth 
King J. Francis, Physician, 100 Princess cor Front, r same 
King William H., Merchant Tailor, 7 Market, (up stairs) r cor 

Fourth and Queen 

King William E., Tinner, A. W. Lawson & Co., bds 

King Isaac VV. Butcher, r cor Fifth and Queen 

King Jos B., Butcher, r Queen bt Fourth and Fifth 

King Theodore, Telegraph Operator, bds Samuel G. Northrop 

King Mrs. Rosanna, r cor Seventh and Queen 

King James M., Painter, bds Mrs. T. Barnes 

The Cheapest Dry Goods in the City, John 
H. Anderson's 



104 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



ROBT. M. COX 6c CO., 



(SUCCESSORS TO COX & DAVIS,] 



CIMMIS 





'5 

Office Planner's Building, No. 121 Nutt St., 

(NEAR THE CORNER OF RED CROSS,) 



All produce consigned to Messrs. Dancy, Hyman & Co,, New York, 
will be forwarded free of commissions. 



A. &. S. ■WITCOVER, 



WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN 




iitj 



. CLOTHING, 

Boots, Shoes, 
Hats, Caps, 
Trunks, 
Fancy Goods, 
&c., &c., 




Oo 16 MAHICET STHEET, 

'Wilmiiagton, IST. O. 



4^ • »• — ^^M 



Our wholesale department is thoroughly stocked, and we are enabled 
to supply the trade at lowest wholesale prices. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 10^ 



Kinyon William, Carpenter, r Fourth bt Orange and Ann 
Kinyon Peter, Boiler Maker, r cor Eighth and Walnut 
Kirkland Mrs. Emily A., wid, bds James H. Bailey 
Klander L., Manufacturer Ginger Pop, &c., cor Front and 

Church, r same 
Kling Frederick, Painter, cor Front and Walnut, bds cor Front 

and Dock 
Klein Daniel, Butcher, Washington Market, 205 Market, r 

Klein's Gardens cor Gwynn and Anderson 
Knight A. P., Policeman, r cor Castle and Eighth 
Kordlander Henry, Manufacturer Soda Water, Ginger Pop &c, 

and bottler of Ale and Porter, Saloon 8 & 10 Dock, r Fourth 

bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Kuck John, Clerk, Tienken & Bauman, bds C. Tienken 
Kueck Henry, Clerk, Bremer & Bro., bds Henry Bremer 
Kueck George, Clerk, Tienken & Bauman, bds C. Tienken 

L. 

Lacy Drury, Shipping Clerk, Williams & Murchison, bds Mrs. 

M. S. Barry 
Langdon Richard F., Clerk, W. & W. R. R. r Market bt 

Seventh and Eighth 
Langdon Walter R., Physician, r Market bt Seventh and Eighth 
Lane George, r Anderson bt Eighth and Ninth 
Larkins William, Groceries & Liquors, 126 Market, r cor Dock 

and Sixth 
Laspeyre Mathew, Engineer, W. &. M. R. R. bds Asa J. 

Murray 
Latimer Zebulon, r cor Third and Orange 
Latta John C, Bookkepeer, Mallett & Hoffman, r Seventh bt 

Mulberry and Walnut 
Latta John R., Clerk, W. & M. R. R. bds John C. Latta 
Latta Adam, Clerk, Mallet & Hoffman, bds John C. Latta 
Lavvson A. W. & Co., (A. W. Lawson, William Sutton, Trip- 

ler Childs,) Manufacturers and Dealers in Tin and Sheet Iron 

Ware, 24 North Front 
Lawson A. W., of A. W. Lawson & Co., bds cor Front and 

Dock 
Lawson John A., Policeman, r cor Fourth and Queen 
Leach William, Fisherman, r cor Fifth and Dawson 

Leapman Alexander, r Fifth bt Mulberry and Walnut 

— j_ 

John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 

14 



106 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



FRANK D. SMAW, Jr., 



No. 7 North Front Street, 



^« 



^ — ^ 



Agent for Eastern North Carolina of Richardson & Go's. 





Has Now Ready for Sale, by Subscriptions Only, 





P^/l 



BY CAPTAIN WM. PARKER SNOW. 



Lm^ 



WAR POETRY OF THE SOUTH; 

EDITED BY W, GILMORE SIMMS. 

Sonthern History of the War, by Edward A. Pollard, &c 

These books are fast becoming standard household works, and no 
Southern family should be without them. 

Agents wanted for every county in Eastern North Carolina, to whom 
exclusive territory will be given and great inducements offered. Send 
for circulars. Address, 

Frank D. Smainr^ Jx*.^ 

N'o. 7 JS[. Front St., 

WILMING-TON, N, C. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. lOT 



Ledbetter Kobert, Carpenter, W. & W. R. R, bds J. F. Legwin 
Lederer Joseph, of A. Weill & Co., bds Giis Rosenthal 
Lee James, Policeman, bds Mrs. Caroline Marshall 
LeETgett John E., Conductor, W. &. W. R. R. r cor Sixth and 

Walnut 
Legwin J. F., Boardin®; House, cor Nutt and Walnut 
Legwin John, Printer, Journal Office, bds J. F. Legwin 
Lemmerman H. & Co., Freight Lightermen, Office 1 Market 
Leramerman Henry, of Lemmerman & Co., r Princess bt Sixth 

and Seventh 
Lessman A., Bakery, 12 South Second bt Market and Dock, r 

same 
Lessing Rudolph, with M. M. Katz & Co., bds E. Marcus 
Levi Solomon, Clerk, S. Blumenthal & Co., bds Samuel 

Blumenthal 
Lewis Mrs. Mary J., Boarding House, cor Third and Walnut 
Lewis Charles, Custom House Inspector, bds James P. Foster 
Lewis Joseph, r Third bt Queen and Wooster, 
Lewis R. James, Actor, bds Mrs. Mary J. Lewis 
Lewis Thomas C., Grrocer, 7 Market, r cor Seventh and Dock 
Lewis George C, Clerk, Robert S. Waldron, bds Mrs. Mary J. 

Lewis 
Liebman Alexander, Clerk, William Goodman, bds same 
Lippitt William H., Druggist and Chemist, 122 Market r 

Second bt Dock and Orange 
Lippitt James W., Confectionery and Bakery, 20 N. Front, r 

Dock bt Front and Second 
Lippitt Augustus D., Salesman, Marcus & Kehr, bds William 

H. Lippitt 
Lippitt Thomas B., Clerk, W. & M. R. R. r Dock bt Front and 

Second 
Lippitt John E., Insurance Agent, 23 North Front, r cor Second 

and Dock. 
Lippitt Mrs. Joseph J., wid, r Dock bt Front and Second, 
Littleton Edward, Yard Clerk, Worth & Daniel, r Seventh bt 

Brunswick and Bladen 
Loeb Jacob, of James Anderson & Co., r Front bt Dock and 

Orange 
Loeb Adolphe, Clerk, J. & H. Sampson, bds Mrs. H. Blumenthal 
Lohnstein Ferdinand, Clerk, Joseph Sternberger, bds Sol. Bear 
London Manger, Attorney at Law, Princess bt Second and 

Third, r cor Third and Chesnut 

The Cheapest Dry Goods House in the City, 
John H. Anderson's. 



108 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




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SMAW S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 109 



London Alexander T., bds M. London 

London John, bds M. London 

Lonc^ Mrs. Mary J., wid, r cor Castle and Eighth 

Lord Frederick J., Proprietor Ann St. Flour and Grain Mills 

S. Water cor Ann, r 207 Market 
Lord William C, Clerk, Fred. J. Lord, bds same 
Lord John D., Clerk, Fred. J. Lord, bds same 
Love John D., Bookseller & Stationer, 6 N. Front, r cor Sixth 

and Bladen 
Love Edwin T., Clerk, Henry McLin, r Second bt Chesnut and 

and Mulberry 
Love William J., Physician, Front bt Chesnut and Mulberry, 

bds Asa A. Hartsfield 
Love Armand J)., Clerk, R. S. Waldron, r Mulberry bt Fourth 

and Fifth 
Lowry James, Carpenter, Princess bt Third and Fourth, r 

Second bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Lowenstein Albert, Clerk, D. & J. Newman, bds Joseph Newman 
Loyd Miss E., r Fifth bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Lucas E. Tobe, Tinner, r cor Fifth and Castle 
Lumsden James C, r 114 Market (up stairs) 
Lumsden Mrs. James C, Millinery, 114 Market (up stairs) 
Lutterloh William H., Commission Merchant, 8 N. Water (up 

stairs) 
Lutgen Henry, Clerk, Claus Titian, bds Same 
Lynch John, Policeman, r Mulberry bt Fourth and Fifth 
Lyon Jacob, Dry Goods and Clothing, 2 & 4 Market, bds Mrs. 

H. Blumenthal 
Lyons L. B., r Sixth bt Princess and Chesnut 

M. 

Mabson George W., Grocer, Fifth bt Hanover & Brunswick, r 

same 
Macomber James, Agent Southern & Adams Express Compan- 
ies, 15 S. Front, r cor Market and Eighth 
Macomber Mrs. R. S., wid, r cor Princess and Eighth 
Macomber Mrs. Mary, wid, r cor Dawson and sixth 
Macomber James A., Blacksmith, bds Levi M. Hewlett 
Mahn W. D., Clerk, A. H. Van Bokkelen, r Fifth bt Walnut 
and Red Cross 

John H. Anderson's Southern Dry Goods 
House, Exchange Corner. 



110 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



Jno. D. Williams, K. M. Murchison, 

Gbo. W. Williams. D- R- Murchison. 

WILLIAMS & MURCHISON, 





>IJ/ I;. I 



AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN 

GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, 

13 <Sc 15 IsTOI^TS: "W^^TEI^ ST., 
WILMINGTON, N. C. 

^^"The usual advances made on consignments for sale here or for 
shipment to our house, Murchison & Co., New York. 



THOS. 0. LEWIS, 

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 

Groceries, Liquors 

Wo. 7 MARKET STREET, 

WILMINaTON, N. C. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. Ill 



Maher John T. H., Clerk, Day & Wright, bds Market bt 

Second and Third 
Mahoney John R., Printer. Journal Office, bds A. J. Yopp 
Mallard John H., Harness Maker, James S. Topham & Co. r 

cor Fourth and Princess 
Malarkey John, r Front bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Mallett Peter, of Mallett & Hoffman, r cor Front and Orange 
Mallett & Hoffman. (Peter Mallett, Charles Hoffman,) Commis- 
sion Merchants, 105 N. Water 
Mann Leonard H., Carpenter, r Wooster bt Fifth and Sixth 
Manning Edward W., Commander Steamer General Howard, 

W. C. & R. R. R. Passenger Boat, r cor Third and Mulberry 
Marcus & Kehr, (H. Marcus, A. Kehr,) Dry Goods 106 Market 
Marcus H., of Marcus & Kehr, r Second bt Dock and Orange 
Marshall Mrs. Caroline, wid, r Front bt Orange and Ann 
Martin Alfred, Commission Merchant, 3 Dock, (up stairs) r cor 

Second and Dock 
Martin Eugene S., Clerk, Alfred Martin, bds same 
Martin William, Clerk, Alfred Martin, bds same 
Martin & Hallett, (Alfred Martin, Benj. A. Hallett,) Distillery, 

west side Cape Fear River, opposite Market Street Dock 
Martin Silas N., of Kidder & Martin, r 211 Market 
Masonic Hall, 124 Market (up stairs) 
Mason James, Mechanic, Hart & Bailey, r cor Fourth and 

Wooster 
Matthews David, Clerk, Kidder & Martin, r Castle bt Front 

and Surry 
Matthews Henry, Clerk, H. M. Bremer, bds same 
Maunder John, of Walker & Maunder, bds cor Front and Dock 
May Alexander, r Princess bt Sixth and Seventh 
May Mrs. Sarah, wid, r Sixth bt Nun and Church 
Mayo William E., Machinist, W. & M. R. R. r Fourth bt 

Brunswick and Bladen 
Mayer Charles, Cleik, Kahnweiller & Bro., bds cor Front and 

Market 
Mayer Frederick, Saloon, 4 N. Front, r same 
McAvoy John, Carpenter, r Second bt Brunswick and Bladen 
McAllister Peter, Sawyer, Chad bourn's Mill, r same 
McCaleb Mrs. M. S., Proprietress Rock Spring Hotel, r same 
McCabe Mrs. Mary, r cor Fifth and Queen 
McClenny Mrs. S. J., r Mulberry bt Fourth and Fifth 
McDade William H., Clerk, L. J. Sherman, bds same 

Domestic Dry Goods Sold Low at John H. 
Anderson's. 



112 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




I\.H.NEFF, 



MANUFACTTJREE 



And Dealer in 



Mkm, Slaves 




OC3 

g— j 






GUNS, 

PUMPS, 



REEOSINE OIL 




LANTERNS, 



AND 



Sheet kon Waie, 



«&c., &;c. 



Tin and Galvanized Roofing done at Short Notice. 
NO. 22 S. FRONT STREET, WILWIINGTON, N. C. 









(=3 

^: 

era 
cn 



J. H. N. CORNEHLSON, 

PROPRIETOR, 



T, 



f^ 



WNEW RIVER OYSTERS,^i 



JFJien in beason; 



14<Si^f SIMILE "iMm 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 113 



McDade William A., Butcher, Second bt Market and Dock, 

bds L. J. Sherman 
McDamott John, Mechanic, Wilmington Gas Light Co., r 

Surry bt Church and Castle 
McDougald George C, Mechanic, r cor Ninth and Chesnut 
McDuffie George, Inspector Timber and Lumber, r Dock bt 

Sixth and Seventh 
McEarchern John S., r Castle bt Seventh and Eighth 
McGowan James, Clerk, Brock's Exchange, bds same 
McHutchon James, Book-keeper, Petteway & Moore, bds 

Thomas B. Smith 
Mcllhenny Thomas C, r Third bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Mcllhenny John C, bds A. Paul Repiton 
McKeithan Edwin T., of Alex. Johnson & Co., bds Thomas 

B. Smith 
McKenzie Mrs. Fanny, r Ann bt Sixth and Seventh 
McKoy T.homas H., bds William N., Peden 
McLaurin Joseph, r Market bt Eighth and Ninth 
McLaurin John, of MofHtt, Bro. & Co., r Second bt Ann & Nun 
McLaurin Hugh W., Book-keeper, E. Murray & Co., bds John 

McLaurin. 
Mc Lammy Charles, r Seventh bt Castle and Queen 
McLauchlin Benjamin L., bds Capt. Edward W. Manning 
McLeod William H., Tinner, A. W. Lawson & Co., 
McLin Henry, Druggist & Chemist, 34 Market cor Front, r 17 

North Front 
McMillan George D., Printer, Dispatch Offiee, bds Red Cross 

bt Front and Second 
McMillan Francis, Machinist, r Hanover bt Second and Third 
McQueen Henry C., Clerk, Petteway & Moore, bds Edward- 

W. Manning 
McQuigg E. H., Lieut. & Asst. Supt. Freedman's Bureau, 

bds Allen Rutherford 
McRae Gen. Alexander, r Market bt Fifth and Sixth 
McRae William, General Superintendent, W. & M. R. R. r 

Market bt Seventh and Eighth 
McRae Roderick, Clerk, W. & M. R. R. bds Gen. Alex. McRae 
McRae Walter G., Clerk, W. & W. R. R. r Market bt Seventh 

and Eighth 
McRary W. H. & Co., Commission Merchants, 101 N. Water 

cor Princess 

John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 

15 



114 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



WILMINGTON DISPATCH, 



F^^li^k<a4' DaEf m.^4. W<e<iMf . 



AT 



§) HJf) 



'^^ 



BY 



mmmm ^ mm^ 

No. 117 MARKET STREET. 

BENJ. ROBINSON. H. H. SMITH. 



Daily for one year $10.00 

" '' six months 5 00 

" three months 3.00 

Weekly for one year 3.00 

" sixmonths 2.00 



The Dispatch will contain the best character of 

OHffilNAL AND SELECTED BEADING MATTER, 

Besides the very latest general news by mail and telegraph, and 

accurate reports of markets. The proprietors will endeavor 

to render the Dispatch perfectly reliable and entertaining. 




SMAW'S WILmNGTON DIRECTORY, 115 



McRary William H., of W. H. McRary & Co., r Market bt 

Sixth and Seventh 
McRee James F., Physician, Second bt Market and Princess, r 

same 
McRee James F. Jr., Physician, cor Front and Chesnut, r same 
McRee Griffith J., bds James F. McRee Sr 

Meares Oliver P., Attorney at Law, r 

Meares Walker, r Third bt Market and Dock 

Mebane C. P., of Vick, Mebane & Co., bds Samuel W. Vick 

Mechanic's Hotel, Front bt Orange and Ann 

Meginney Levin, Principal, Wilmington Institute, cor Fourth 

and Princess, r same 
Meier Joseph, Saloon, 18 Dock, r Nun bt Second and Third 
Melton Reuben, Watchman, 0. Gr. Parsley & Co., r Brunswick 

bt Fourth and Fifth 
Melton Francis, Sailmaker, r cor Sixth and Castle 
Merriman Mrs. A., wid, r Mulberry bt Fourth and Fifth 
Merchkens Henry, Machinist, Hart & Bailey, r Anderson bt 

Eighth and Ninth 
Metts James I., Clerk, A. H. Van Bokkelen, bds same 
Methodist Episcopal Church, (Front St.) cor Front and. Walnut, 

Rev. J. H. Dally, Pastor 
Methodist Episcopal Church, (Fifth St.) Fifth bt Nun and 

Church 
Millis John C, Constable, r Wooster bt Eighth and Ninth 
Milligan Mrs. W. Gr., wid, Boarding House, cor Second and 

Mulberry 
Millhiser Frederick, Clerk, H. Hartz, bds same 
Mitchell & Dymott, (James H. Mitchell, Robert E. Dymott,) 

Gas Fitters, Henderson Alley, in the rear of 11 South Front 
Mitchell James H., of Mitchell & Dymott, r Fourth bt Market 

and Dock 
Mitchell Thomas Pop., Clerk, Mitchell & Dymott, bds James 

H. Mitchell 
Mitchell Benjamin F., of Mitchell & Huggins, r Fourth bt 

Market and Dock 
Mitchell & Huggins, (Benj. F. Mitchell, Wm. T. Huggins,) 

Grain Dealers and Grist Mill, 17 North Water 
Mitchell Frank H., Clerk, Mitchell & Huggins, bds Benj F. 

Mitchell 
Moffitt, Bro. & Co., Commission Merchants, 23 N. Water, (up 

stairs) 

Bargains in Ladies' Dress Goods at John H. 
Anderson's. 



116 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




Wholesale and Eetail Dealer in 





G) ffG. 



Snuff, Cigars, &c. 



IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC CIGARS. 

Cigars Manufactured to Order. 

ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY EIECUTED. 
ISTo. 5 Market St., 

WILMINGTON, N. C. 



SIGH OF THE mmm chief. 



W. S. & D. J. DEVANE, 

PRACTICE IN THE STATE & FEDERAL COURTS, 

OflO-ce-No. 8 Princess St. Wilmington, N. 0. 

B. R. MOORK^ 

Attorney & Counsellor at Law, 

PRACTICES IN THE STATE & FEDERAL COURTS, 

Offtce-No. 113 Princess Street, Journal Buildings, 
WILiVSaS^CTON, N. C. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 117 



Moffitt A. A. of Moffitt, Bro. & Co., bds A. Southerland 

Moore G. N.^ Clerk, Stolter & Bremer, bds same 

Moore Peter, Clerk, Henry A. Stolter, bds same 

Moore Benjamin R., Attorney at Law, Office Journal Building 

113 Princess, bds Nicholas N. Nixon 
Moore Christian H., Grocer, 6 South Second, r same 
Moore M., Clerk, Christian H. Moore, bds same 
Moore Roger, of Petteway & Moore, bds Thomas B. Smith 
Moore John, Policeman, bds 

Morris Thomas, Carpenter, r Wooster bt Eighth and Ninth 
Morris Wilkes, of Cronly & Morris, r Front bt Church and 

Castle 
Morris Nicholas, Mechanic, bds Wilkes Morris 
Morris Richard, Accountant, r Second bt Ann and Nnn 
Morris John C, bds Richard Morris 

Morrison George, Conductor W. & W. R. R., r Front bt Mul- 
berry and Walnut 
Morrison Robert, Engineer, bds Wm. G. Fowler 
Morgan Abner, Carpenter, James Lowry, r Second bt Mulber- 
ry and Walnut 
Morehouse Lewis M., Foreman, A. H. Nelf, bds Wm. M. Par- 
ker 
Morrell Daniel, School, cor Cottage Lane and Fourth, bds Ze- 

bulon Latimer 
Morrell Charles, r Fourth bt Queen and Wooster 
Moses David, Tinner, Aaron H. Neif, bds James F. Brockett 
Mott John^ Baker, James W. Lippitt, bds 20 North Front 
Mott Moses D., r Castle bt Fifth and Sixth 
Mote David, Watchman, Chadbourn's Mills, r same 
Mote Alexander, Policeman, r Chesnutt bt Eighth and Ninth 
Mote T. J., Policeman, bds William Whitfield 
Mozart Hall, 20 South Front (up stairs) 
Munroe Bryant, bds J. W. Patter 
Munroe John W., Provision Inspector, 113 North Water (up 

stairs,) r Red Cross bt Second and Third 
Munson & Co., Clothing, 113 Market 

Munson Horace H., of Munson & Co., r cor Fourth and Wal- 
nut 
Murphy Benjamin, Blacksmith, r Hanover bt Second and Third 
Murrell William, r cor Second and Wooster 
Murchison David R., of Williams & Murchison, r cor Fifth 
and Oransre 



The Cheapest Dry Goods in the City, John 
H. Anderson's 



118 ADVERTISEMENTS . 



» The American ^<. 

Acknowledged to be the most ingenious and Labor- Saving 
Machine of the day. 

Patented in England, France, Belgium and America. 

1K£^ ANY COW CAN BE MILKED IN THREE MINUTES, 

After the milker becomes accustomed to the use of the Machine, 

Its Construction is Simple^ 

Being only a practical Mechanical application of natural principles. To 

any person of ordinary intelligence, a short practice will render it 

familiar and handy to use, and will Milk the Cowa 

quickly and easily. 

mwB t&mm i # if. 

It brings Testimonials of its worth from the first Agricultural Societies in 
America and England. 

As first brought out at the Agricultural Exhibition, London in 1862, it 
won a Prize Medal and Honorable mention, and at many other Agricul- 
tural Fairs in England and Wales, it was shown in the presence of Thou- 
sands in operation Milking Cows, and at each exhibition a Prize Medal 
was awarded and a certificate of approval given, signed by leading agricul- 
tural men after witnessing the working of the machine. 

Frank D. Smaw, Jr., Agent, 

"\7^iLnvEi]xrGi-T03sr, isr. c 
COUNTY RIGHTS FOR SALE. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 119 



Murray E. & Co., (Eli Murray, Wilmington^, James T. Mur- 
ray, New York,) Commission Merchants and Wholesale Gro- 
cers, 119 and 121 North Water 

Murray Eli, of E. Murray & Co., r Front bt Chesnut and 
Mulberry 

Murray Asa J., Printer, r Market bt Sixth and Seventh 

Murray William H., Clerk, E. Murray & Co., bds Eli Murray 

Murray Obed W., Clerk, Henry McLin, r Princess bt Fourth 
and Fifth 

Muse Joel H., Foreman, Dispatch Office, r Second bt Nun and 
Church 

Myers Charles D., Agent, G-eorge Myers, r cor Market and 
Third 

Myers R. C. Clerk, George Myers, bds Charles D. Myers 

Myers George, Groceries and Liquors, 14 and 16 South Front, 
Charles D. Myers, Agent 

Myers George C, Clerk, George Myers, bds Chas. D. Myers. 

N. 

Neff Aaron H., Tin Ware and Stoves, 22 South Front, bds 

Joseph H. Neff 
Neff Joseph H., Ship Chandler, 22 S. Water, and proprietor 

Verandah Saloon, 20 S. Water, r Dock bt Front and Second 
Neff, George G., Clerk, Joseph H. Neff, bds same 
Nettles Joseph, Carpenter, W. & M. R. R., bds Richard 

Walker 
Newman Philip, Grocer, 201 N. Water, cor Chesnutt, r same 
Newman D. & J., Dry Goods and Clothing, 13 Market and 213 

N. Water 
Newman Joseph, of D. and J. Newman, r Orange bt Second 

and Third 
Newton James M., Blacksmith, W. & W. R. R., bds Mrs. 

Wm. El well 
Nicholson John A., of Dunbar, Fairley & Co., r Chesnutt bt 

Eighth and Ninth 
Nichols Mrs. Ann, wid., r Fifth bt Dock and Orange 
Nixon Nicholas N., r Chesnutt bt Third and Fourth 
Nixon Mrs. Emma, r cor Second and Chesnutt 
Norris James K., Drayman, Finlayson & Bro., bds M. U. Fin- 

layson 

Bargains to Wholesale Buyers at Exchange 

Corner. 



120 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



lOO, lOO. 

IDIIIM i fOLLEES, 

Wholesale aad Retail Dealers ia 
IMPORTERS OF 

HAVANA & GERMAN CIGARS, 

General Commission Merchants. 



Our stock of fine and heavy G-roceries is one of the most complete and 
best assorted in the city. 

MEKGKANTS AND WHOLESALE BUYERS SUPPLIED 
With all Goods in our line, at lowest Wholesale Prices. 



■»* « m II — ^M> 



Prompt personal attention given to the Sale of Cotton, 
Naval Stores and General Produce. 

1^* CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED. 

No. 100 S. FRONT STREET, 

A. ADRIAN. H. VOL-L.ERS 



SMAW'b WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 121 



Norcum Abney, Clerk, James A. Willard, r Sixth bt Chesnutt 

and Mulberry 
Northrop & Gumming, Commission Merchants and Steam Saw 

Mill, Office 103 North Water 
Northrop Samuel, of Northrop & Cumming, r cor Fifth and 

Dock 
Northrop Samuel G., Clerk, F. M. Agostini,r Orange bt Third 

and Fourth 
Northrop W. Harriss, of Northrop & Cumming, bds Samuel 

Northrop 
Nuns, Emanuel, Grocer, Ninth bt Mulberry and Walnut, r 

same 
Nunn J. F., of Gardner & Nunn, bds Mrs. M. S. McCaleb 
Nutt Henry, r cor Second and Red Cross 
Nutt John, r cor Third and Campbell 
Nutt Henry, Mechanic, W. & W. R. R., bds John Nutt 
Nutt John B., Clerk, N. B. Vincent, bds John Nutt 

o. 

O'Harra John, Tinner, bds James F. Brockett 
Oh rand William H., Grocer, 107 South Front, r same 
Oldham Alexander, Commission Merchant and Grain Dealer, 
20 South Water, Proprietor Cape Fear Flour Mills, cor Nutt 
and Walnut, r Front bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Oldham C. W., Clerk, William Larkins 
Orrell J. B,, r Fourth bt Campbell and Hanover 
Otten Edward, of Otten & Gate, r 217 North Water 
Otten & Gate (Edward Otten, Adam Gate,) Saloon, 217 North. 

Water 
Overbeck Henry, Clerk, John F. Hines, bds same 

P. 

Paget Joseph B. , r Front bt Church and Castle 

Parker John H., Tinner, A. W. Lawson & Co., bds George 

Bishop 
Parker John J., Blacksmith, r Third bt Queen and Wooster 
Parker William M., Clerk, Aaron H. Neff, r Front bt Church 

and Castle 



John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 



16 



122 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




aifPlff, 



Dim 



AND 



CHEMIST 




9 

WliolGsale and Retail. 

Always on hand, a full and select supply of pure Medicines, Chemicals, Dye 
Stuffs, Perfumery, Soaps, Brushes, Fancy Articles, &c., &c., &c. Prescriptions 
accurately and neatly compounded. 

No. ISS ]>J:AIlIiET STREET, 

p. S. — Store open from 6 o'clock A. M. to 9 P. M. Persons wishing prescriptions 
compounded at night, will please call at my residence on Second street, between 
Dock and Orange. 



JAS. SHACKELFORD, 




nSTo. 6 Princess Street, 

Consignments of Merchandise and Country Produce 

Solicited, and all business entrusted to my care will have my personal 

attention. 



LUMBER ORDERS WILL HAVE ATTENTION. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 123 



Parker Humphrey U., r cor Princess and Fifth 

Parsons Henry S., Boots and Shoes, 120 Market, bds 116 Market 

Parsons William, Salesman, Henry S. Parsons, bds 116 Market 

Parsley 0. G. & Co., (0. G. Parsley, Sr., 0. G. Parsley, Jr., 
Henry Savage, John Judge) Commission Merchants and Im- 
porters, 159 North Water 

Parsley, Oscar G., Sr., ofO. G. Parsley & Co., and proprietor 
Hilton Steam Saw and Planing Mills, r Front bt Dock and 
Orange 

Parsley Oscar G. Jr., of 0. G. Parsley & Co., r Front bt 
Orange and Ann 

Patterson Rev. George, Assistant Rector, St. James Episcopal 
Church, r 20 North Front 

Patterson AVm. A., Book-keeper, Wm. H. Mc Rary & Co., bds 
A. Southerland 

Patten William, Bakery, 119 Market, r same 

Pearce B. F., Steamboat Clerk, Williams & Murchison, r 
Orange bt Third and Fourth 

Peck Treat F., r Second bt Market and Dock 

Peck George A., Hardware, 18 South Front, bds Treat F. Peck 

Peden William N., proprietor Clarendon Bar, 3 Market, r 
Fourth bt Orange and Ann 

Penton William J., Seaman, r Fourth bt Nun and Church 

Penny Henry W., Clerk, Williams, Potter & Co., r Craig's 
Alley bt Second and Third 

Penny Benjamin, Machinist, bds E. J. Savage 

Peppinghaus Frederick, Watchmaker, r cor Seventh and Mul- 
berry 

Perrin Henry R., Crockery, Chma, Glass and Earthenware, 
105 Market, r Second bt Chesnut and Mulberry 

Perry James C, Machinist, r Cottage lane, bt Third and Fourth 

Perry Mrs. CD., School, Cottage Lane bt Third and Fourth 

Person & French, (Samuel J. Person, Robert S. French) Law 
Office, 2 South Water, cor Market (up stairs) 

Person Samuel J., of Person & French, bds cor Second and 
Chesnut 

Peschau Eduard, Groceries, 207 North Water, bds A Souther- 
land 

Petteway & Moore, (James T. Petteway, Roger Moore) Com- 
mission and Forwarding Merchants and Wholesale Grocers, 
No. 2 Murphy's Wharves, North Water bt Princess and 
Chesnut 

The Cheapest Dry Goods House in the City, 
John H. Anderson's. 



124 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



W^M. A. McDADE, 



No. 11 South Second Street, 

BETWEEN MARKET AND DOCK, 

A full supply of the best fresh Beef, Mutton, Veal, Pork and other 
meats to be found in the market. 

Families, Hotels and Steamboats supplied at lowest rates. 
The highest market price paid for No. 1 stock on the hoof. 




F. SWANN, 

mmm m coachwr, 

Princess St. bet. Third & Fourth, 



(Opposite Wilmington Theatre,) 



BURIAL CASES FURNISHED AT ALL TIMES AT SHORT NOTICE. 



My COACH DEPARTMENT is Complete .fl 



AND ALL ORDERS FOR 

MAKING OR REPAIRING 

Will be promptly executed in the 

BEST STYLE and at LOW PRICES. 




SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 125 



Petteway William H., Engineer, W. & W. R. R., r Market bt 

Sixth and Seventh 
Petteway Sylvester, Salesman, Frank M. Agostini, r Dock bt 

Seventh and Eighth 
Peterson Isham, Produce Broker, r cor Front and Church 
Philyaw James H., Constable, r cor Fourth and Princess 
Pickett Isaac J., Clerk, E. Murray & Co., bds Rock Spring 

Hotel 
Piggot David, Produce Broker, bds City Hotel 
Pittman James, Clerk, John Bishop, bds same 
Pitts William L.^ r cor Sixth and Market 
Pittilo George, Baker, R Thorburn, bds same 
Player Thomas W., Inspector of Naval Stores, r Third bt 

Church and Castle 
Poisson Jehu D., Post Master, r cor Fifth and Mulberry 
Poisson John J., Shipping Clerk, Worth & Daniel, bds John 

C. Bowden 
Poisson William M., General Ticket Agent, W. & W. R. R., 

r Chesnut bt Third and Fourth 
Poisson Frederick D., Attorney-at-Law, Princess bt Second 

and Third 
Poisson J. Dickson, bds Jehu D. Poisson 
PoUey Hiram N., Tinner, 15 Princess, r Fifth bt Market and 

Princess 
Policy Stephen W., Carpenter, Geo. S. Copes, bds Hiram N. 

PoUey 
PoUey Charles H., Locksmith, Hiram N. Policy, bds same 
Pollock George W., Clerk, Post Office, r Chesnut bt Third and 

Fourth 
Pomeroy Edward, Driver, Southern Express, bds Front bt 

Market and Dock 
Porter William, r Market bt Ninth and Tenth 
Post Office, U. S. Custom House Building, 11 North Water, 

Jehu D. Poisson, Postmaster 
Post James F., Contractor and Builder, Princess bt Second 

and Third, r Princess bt Fourth and Fifth 
Potter John W., Clerk, Jas. Wilson, r Second bt Ann and Nun 
Potter John W., Wood Inspector, r Second bt Nun and Church 
Potter Ashbury, Messenger, Telegraph Office, bds John W. 

Potter 
Potter L. D., Watchman, W. C. & R. R. R., r cor Second and 

Harnet 

John H. Anderson's Southern Dry Goods 
Houf:e, Exchange Corner. 



126 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



aiTMf, 



British Vice-Consul, 



III 



?Bfir 



No. 16 South Water Street, 



C"a"I» ST-A.IPIS,) 



WILMINQTON, N. C. 



H, K. HANEBRRY, M. D. D. D. S. 



S. A. BARTLB30N, D. D. S. 



HANBERRY & BARTLESON, 



JOURNAL BUILDINGS, No, 111 Princess St,, 

Offer to the Citizens of Wilmington and surrounding country, great 
inducements to have their teeth put in order. 

ARTIFICIAL TEETH inserted in the Latest Styles and on the most 
Reasonable Terms. All operations warranted to give satisfaction. 

Teeth Extracted WitJiout IPain, 



BY THE TISB OF 



PJ' 



i^ 



01 



The only establishment in the city in which has been introduced this 
most important discovery for the alleviation of pain. 



Col. John J. Hkdbick. 
Gov. Worth. 



U/EB'EE, TO 

Ex-Gov. Vance. 

Mesers. En6B1.habd & Pbiob. 



James H. Rtan, Esq- 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 12*7 



Powell Joseph, Bar-keeper, Joseph H. NeiF, bds same 

Powell Mrs. Sarah, r Mulberry bt Fourth and Fifth 

Praer Frank, Store Market bt 15th and 16th avenues 

Pratt David, Butcher, r cor Ninth and Queen 

Presbyterian Church, cor Third and Orange, Rev. Mr. Single- 
ton, Pastor 

Preston George C, Soap Manufacturer, cor Castle and Surry, r 
cor Second and Orange 

Price William J., r Market bt Fifth and Sixth 

Price Alfred L., of Engelhard & Price, r Fourth bt Princess 
and Chesnut 

Price William J., Inspector of Naval Stores, 2 Parsley's 
Wharves 

Price Mrs Catherine K., Boarding House cor Fifth and Orange 

Price Eichard W,, bds Mrs. Catherine K. Price 

Price William W., Printer, Journal Office, r cor Second and 
Church 

Price Richard A., Grocer, cor Front and Queen, r same 

Price Joseph, bds Wm. J. Price, Market bt Fifth and Sixth 

Prigge George, r Front bt Dock and Orange 

Pugh John H., Clerk, Northrop's Mill, bds Mrs. P. Conigan 

Q. 

Quince John L., Salesman, Thos. C. Lewis, bds Benjamin F. 

Mitchell 
Quinn A., Carpenter, W. & M. R. R., r cor Fourth and Harnet 
Quigley Mrs. Caroline^ r cor Eighth and Chesnut 

R. 

Radcliffe Robert S., Deputy Sheriff, r Chesnut bt Fourth and 

Fifth 
Rail Road Hotel, cor Front and Red Cross, E. M. Shoemaker, 

proprietor 
Ransom Robert, City Marshal, office at City Hall, r Third bt 

Orange and Ann 
Ransom Mrs. Robert, Principal, Female Seminary, Third bt 

Orange and Ann 
Rankin Robert J., Clerk, Vick, Mebane & Co., bds Mrs. Laura 

P. Rothwell 

Domestic Dry Goods Sold Low at John H. 
Anderson's. 



128 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 





READY-MADE 

m 




HATS, CAPS, TETJNKS, NOTIONS, &c. 

The attention of country merchants is called to our wholesale department. 

No. 17 Market Street^ 



M. U. FINLAYSON. A. J. FINLAYSON 

oon^/tiivdiissioisr 



9>9 



fmwmmm uimmmn 

Ho. 1 North Water Street^ 

(up stairs,) 



Consignments and orders respectfully solicited. Prompt personal atten- 
tion given to all business entrusted to our care. Liberal advances made 
on consignments. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 129 



Kankin John T., Book-keeper, Andrews, Bardin&Co., bds 

Mrs. Laura P. Roth well 
Ran Thomas, Machinist, Hart & Bailey, bds cor Front and 

Dock 
Redd Christopher C, bds Mechanics' Hotel 
Redd Mrs. M. A. Seamstress, r Anderson bt Gwynn & Rankin 
Reeder Henry, Grocer, 227 North Water, r Mulberry bt Front 

and Second 
Register John, Fisherman, r Fifth bt Wooster and Dawson 
Reichmaa Mrs. Rosa, r Fourth bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Reily James, Superintendent Taylor's Ferry, r Fourth bt Dock 

and Orange 
Reily Mrs. Mary, r Craig's Alley bt Second and Third 
Repiton A. Paul, r cor Third and Mulberry 
Repiton A. Paul Jr., bds A. Paul Repiton 
Rheinstein Frederick of Aaron & Rheinstein, bds 122 Market 
Rheinstein Antone, Clerk, Aaron & Rheinstein, bds Mrs. H. 

Blumenthal 
Rhodes Mrs. C. C , wid, r cor Market and Tenth 
Ricketts Robert M., Salesman, H. Clay Elliott, r Princess bt 

Sixth and Seventh 
Richardson Mrs. Sarah, Store, Nutt bt Walnut and Red Cross 

r same 
Risley Richard A. , r cor Red Cross and Second 
Robinson & Smith, (Benj. Robinson, Henry H. Smith,) Editors 

and Proprietors Wilmington Dispatch, 117 Market (up stairs) 
Robinson Benjamin, of Robinson & Smith r Fifth bt Dock and 

Orange 
Robinson J. S., Physician, Front bt Chesnut and Mulberry, r 

cor Third and Mulberry 
Robinson H. H., Contractor, bds J. S. Robinson 
Robinson Frederick G., of Robinson, Smith & Co., bds Miles 

Costin 
Robinson, Smith & Co., Commission Merchants, 4 S. Water 
Robinson Charles H., of Robinson, Smith & Co., r cor Fifth 

and Dock 
Robinson William W., Printer, Dispatch Office, bds 0. R. 

Hanchey 
Roberts Thomas E., Proprietor Clarendon Iron Works, cor 

Surry and Queen, r Fifth bt Market and Princess 
Roberts Henry H., Bookkeeper, Thomas E. Roberts, bds Isham 

Peterson 

John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 

17 



130 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



Sewing Machine. 

Patented May 13tli, 1862. Improvement Patented June 9th, 1863. 



The embodiment of practical utility and extreme simplicity ; makes the 
running stitch very rapidly, and with the common needle ; will not get 
out of order, and will last a life time. It was awarded the first premium 
at the New York and other State fairs for its simplicity and efficiency, 
thus showing its superiority over all others. Its operation is noiseless, 
and its construction simple. It will Hem, Gather, Unfile, Shirr, Tuck, 
Run up Breadths, &c., with a single' or double thread, on any material 
adapted to the running stitch, from the slightest fabric to heavy cloth— 
the thinnest and finest, usually the most difficult to sew by other machines, 
being sewed the easiest It makes the running stitch which no other 
machine does. It cannot be injured by turning or working the tcrong xcay 
because it is so constructed that it throws the icorh off and the needle out 
when turned backward, and does not damage the work or needle, hut sim- 
ply refuses to do the work wrong. \ It is the only machine that has the 
Patent Crimping attachment. The speed of this celebrated machine is 
wonderful. It will make sixteen stitches to each single turn of the wheel, 
or Three times more than is claimed by the $135 machines sold by 
another company It combines economy and utility to a greater degree 
than any other machine in the market. 

In fact it is the MOTHER'S ASSISTANT, MILLINER'S DELIGHT, 
DRESS MAKER'S FRIEND, and every lady should have one It is pe- 
culiarly adapted to the use of Southern Ladies on account of its general 
utility and low price. 



If ^©¥©a ®@llai^« 



Agents wanted in every county in North Carolina, to whom exclusive 
territory will be given and a profitable business guaranteed. 
Apply for Circulars to 

FHANK D. SMAW, JR., 

SOLE AGENT FOR NORTH CAROLINA, 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 131 



Koberts Samuel W., r 105 Market (up stairs) 

Kock Spring Hotel, Chesnut bt N. Water and N. Front, Mrs. 

S. McCaleb Proprietress 
Kooney John, bds Mechanics Hotel 
Rose George W., Contractor and Builder, r cor Sixth and 

Mulberry 
Rosenthal €ras., of A. Weill & Co., r cor Dock and Second 
Rothwell Mrs. Laura P., School, Third bt Princess and 

Chesnut, r same 
Rowell Joseph W., Carpenter, W. & M. R. R. r Fifth bt Dock 

and Orange 
Royell Patrick, Machinist, bds Nathan E. Brickhouse 
Rudman A., Clerk, N. Goteberg, bds same 
Rudge John. Tinner, A. W. Lawson & Co 
Rulman Charles, Baker, James W. Lippitt, bds 20 N. Front 
Rumley D., Assessor Internal Revenue, Office 100 Princess cor 

Front, bds Henry R. Perrin 
Rulfs John, r Walnut bt Fourth and Fifth 
Runge G. H. W., Saloon, 18 North Front, r Fifth bt Market 

and Dock 
Russ Isham, Machinist, Hart & Bailey, r Fourth bt Red Cross 

and Campbell 
Russ J., r Anderson bt Eighth and Ninth 
Russell, Ellis & Cox, (Joseph B. Russell, Charles S. Ellis, J. J. 

Cox,) Commission Merchants, 111 North Water, (up stairs) 
Russell Joseph B., of Russell, Ellis & Cox, r cor Fourth and Nun 
Russell Mrs. Henry P., r Second bt Orange and Ann 
Russell D. Yulee, Clerk, Russell, Ellis & Cox, bds Mrs. H. P. 

Russell 
Ryan James H., of Hedrick & Ryan, r 107 Princess bt Front 

and Second 
Ryburg Charles, Moulder, Hart & Bailey, r Castle bt Second 

and Third 
Ryttenberg Bros., (Isaac D. Ryttenberg, Henry Ryttenberg, 

Marcus G. Ryttenberg,) Dry Goods & Clothing, 110 Mardet 
Ryttenberg Isaac D., of Rytenberg Bros., r Market bt Fifth 

and Sixth 
Ryttenberg Henry, of Ryttenberg Bros., bds I. D. Ryttenberg 
Ryttenberg Marcus G., of Ryttenberg Bros., bds I. D. Rytten- 
berg 



Bargains in Ladies' Dress Goods at John H. 
Anderson's. 



132 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



mw. 4B4M m. WMl® 










Nos. 213 and 215 Market Street, 

(BETWEEN SECOND AND THIRD,) 



Always on hand a full and select supply of 

Fnre MeAlciies aid Oris 



m 



|w m m mwmw m^ 



OF ALL KINDS, 



PARTICULAR ATTENTION PAID TO THE 



Psresoriptioa Deparifflieato 

PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY & ACCURATELY COMPOUNDED 



At all hours, both day and night. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 133 



S. 

Sadbury John, Mechanic, bds John Hansley 
Salva Anthony, Grocer, cor Sixth and Castle, r same, 
iSamson J. & H., Dry Goods and Clothing, 112 Market 
Samson H., of J. & H. Samson, bds Mrs. H. Blumenthal 
Sampson John W., Gas Fitter, r Second bt Church and Castle 
Savage Henry, of 0. G. Parsley & Co., r Third bt Dock and 

Orange 
Savage John H., Butcher, r Seventh bt Queen and Wooster 
Savage John H., Butcher, r cor Eighth and Dawson 
Savage John H., Policeman, bds F. Melton 
Savage Mrs. E. J., wid, r cor Second and Dawson 
Scarborough Robert J., Bar-keeper, Joseph H. NeflF, bds same 
Schonwald James T., Physician, 102 Princess, r cor Second and 

Church 
Schulken Henry, Store, cor Fourth and Walnut, r same 
Schulken E., Grocer, cor Front and Mulberry, r Front bt 

Walnut and Red Cross 
Schulken Charles, Clerk, Henry Reeder, bds Same, 
Schulken C. H., Clerk, T)unbar, Fairley & Co. 
Schulken M. & Co., (Martin Schulken, August Doumeland,) 

Groceries. 100 South Water cor Dock 
Schubach Edward, Salesman, Ryttenberg Bros., bds Market bt 

Fifth and Sixth 
Schenck & Servoss, Wood Turners, Surry bt Church and Castle 
Sealey George W., Clerk, Harriss & Howell, r Sixth bt Church 

and Nun 
Seaman's Home, 101 South Front cor Dock, Geo. W. Williams 

Keeper 
Seaman's Bethel, No. 13 Dock, Rev. John N. Andrews, Pastor 
Seeders Thomas T., Foreman, Journal Office, bds John W. 

Hodges 
Sellers R. Langdon, Constable, r Sixth bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Shackelford James, Commission Merchant, 6 Princess, r 111 

North Front cor Chesnut 
Shaw William H., Clerk, Wallace & Southerland, r Red Cross 

bt Third and Fourth 
Sharpsteen William H., bds H. Webb 
Sherwood Daniel^ r Princess bt Front and Second 



The Cheapest Dry Goods in the City, John 
H. Anderson's 



134 ■ ADVERTISEMENTS. 



E. MURRAY, Wilmington, N. C. J. T. MURRAY, New York. 

E. MURRAY & CO., 

WHOLESALE 



§xmxs ^ €mmmm Mtxt 




Nos. 119 & 121 NORTH WATER STREET, 



J. T. MURRAY & CO., 

Commission Merchants, 

ISTo. 188 Pearl St. 

NEW YORK. 
Personal Attention given to the Sale of Cotton and Naval Stores. 




Bsr JOHN BISHOP^ 

No. 109 n. WATER ST.. WILRfllNGTON, N. C. 

Tlie Propi ietor wishes to inform the Friends and Public that 
formerly patronized him, that he is now located at the above 
place, and will be happy to receive and accommodate them. — 
He makes no pledges, as they are unnecessary to former patrons^ 
and would simply invite aU who desire anything to eat to give 
him a call and they shall not be disappointed. 

OYSTEES on hand when in season, and served in every 
style at any hour. 

The Bar is well and judiciously supplied. 

So come along and bring the rocks, 
I'll give you hearty cheer; 
My house is close unto the docks 
And my prices are not dear. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 135 



Sherman L. J,, Saloon and Restaurant, 11 S. Front, r Castle 

bt Fifth and Sixth 
Shepperson E., Bookkeeper, Atkinson & Shepperson, bds A. 

B. Shepperson 
Shepperson Alfred B. of Atkinson & Shepperson, r cor Third 

and Church 
Shines Mrs. Eliza, r cor Sixth and Chesnut 
Sholar Mrs. Hiram, wid, r Fifth bt Nun and Church 
Sholar John, r Dock bt Sixth and Seventh 
Shoemaker E. M., Proprietor Rail Road Hotel, cor Front and 

Red Cross 
Shutte Henry, Shoemaker, 18 North Front, r same 
Siegall Abraham, Clerk, A. & S. Witcover, bds W. Witcover 
Sintas Mrs. F., Milliner, Kahnweiller & Bro., bds Daniel 

Sherwood 
Singletary Frank C, Cashier, Hedrick & Ryan, r cor Dock and 

Sixth 
Skipper Joseph, Watchman, Chadbourn's Mill, r Harnet bt 

Third and Fourth 
Skipper Archibald, Copper Smith, bds Fifth bt Church and 

Castle 
Sloan George, Salesman, E. Murray & Co., bds Eli Murray 
Smaw Frank D. Sr., General Collecting Agent, r cor Market 

and 1 7th Avenue 
Smaw Frank D. Jr., Mercantile Agent and Commission Mer- 
chant, and Publisher of the Wilmington Directory, 7 North 

Front, bds Third bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Smith Frank, Shoemaker, bds Mechanic Hotel 
Smith Jere, Fisherman, r cor Third and Wooster 
Smith James C, of Robinson, Smith & Co., r Dock bt Sixth 

and Seventh 
Smith Henry H., of Robinson & Smith, bds Mrs. M. S. Barry 
Smith & Bate, Grocers, 107 Market 

Smith Thomas T., of Smith & Bate, bds Nathan E. Brickhouse 
Smith Robert, Mechanic, Hart & Bailey, r Chesnut bt Fifth 

and Sixth 
Smith & Strauss, (Wm. V. B. Smith, Jno. H. Strauss) Gro- 
cers, 21 and 23 South Front 
Smith William V. B., of Smith & Strauss, r cor Fifth and 

Bladen 
Smith Peter, Store, cor Fourth and Campbell, r same 
Smith Thomas B., Boarding House, cor Front and Princess 

Bargains to Wholesale Buyers at ExcJiange 

Corner. 



i 



136 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



SUMTER WATCHMAN, 

ESTABLISHED IN 1850, 

AND 



BY 

GILBERT & FLOWERS, Proprietors, 



Circulating largely through the central and Cotton grow- 
ing regions of the State, it offers superior facilities to the Mer- 
cantile community as an advertising medium. 



AUCTIONEER, 




AND GENERAL 

Cnintnffiinii BlFrrliant 

. No. 12 SOUTH WATER STREET, 

WILMINGTON, N. C. 



/ 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 137 



Smith William, Superintendent of Transportation W. & W. 

R. R., r Mulberry bt Front and Second 
Smith Daniel A., Furniture, Front bt Princess and Chesnut 
Smith William L., General Insurance-Agent, 23 North Front, 

r Mulberry bt Second and Third 
Sneeden Rebecca, r Craig's Alley, bt Second and Third 
Solomon S., Clerk, Jacob Lyon,..bds Mrs. H. Blumenthal 
"Solomon Louis, Clerk, Jacot) Lyon, bds Mrs. H. Blumenthal 
Southerland John B., of Wallace & Southerland, r cor Third 

and Campbell 
Southerland A., of W. H. Williams & Co., r Front bt Mul- 
berry and Walnut 
Southerland David, Clerk, W. H. Williams & Co., bds A. 

Southerland 
Southerland & Steagall, (Thomas J. Southerland, R. Steagall) 

Livery and Sale Stables cor Princess and Third 
Southerland Thomas J., of Southerland & Steagall, r Princess 

bt Second and Third 
Sprunt Alex., Commission Merchant, and British Vice Consul, 

16 South Water, (up stairs) r cor Ninth and Princess 
Sprunt James, Clerk, Alex. Sprunt, bds same 
Sproat Mvjs M. L., Negro School Teacher, r cor Sixth and 

Waluiit 
Stafford Mrs. Eliza, wid., r Market bt Ninth and Tenth 
Steagall Raibon, of Southerland & Steagall, bds H. U. Parker 
Stelges Dedrick, Grocer, cor Sixth and Queen r same 
Stemmerman Charles, Grocer, cor Front and Orange, r same 
Sterling Joseph R., r cor Sixth and Chesnut 
Sternberger Joseph, Dry Goods, 111 Market, bds Sol. Bear 
Stevenson Mrs. Jas. M., wid., r Front bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Stevenson James C, Clerk, A. A. Willard, bds Mrs. James M. 

Stevenson 
Stevenson Daniel, Clerk, G. A. Peck, bds Mrs. J, M. Stevenson 
Stevenson Wm. M., Produce and Cotton Broker, 5 N. Water, 

(up stairs,) r Third bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Stokley James, of Cannon & Stokley, r cor Third and Church 
Story S. Albert, Clerk, Worth & Daniel, r Second bt Orange 

and Ann 
Story Edward F., Clerk, Brown & Anderson, bds Thomas W. 

Brown 
Stolter & Bremer, Grocers, 200 Market, cor Second 
Stolter John F., of Stolter & Bremer, bds Mrs. Mary Briggs 

John H. Anderson, Exchange Corner, 
Kahnweiler's Old Stand. 

^ 18 



138 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



PIANO ESTABLISHMENT, 

Oc 48i Broadway^ M 



Sa 



The Horace Waters' Grand, Square and Upright Pianos, 
-jf ff Melodeons, and Cabinet Organs, are known as first-class 



J 1/ instruments, warranted for five years. Prices reasonable, 
wholesale aud retail. Second-hand Pianos and Melodeons at great bartrains. Prices, 
$60, $75, $100, $125, $150, $175, $200, and $225. New T-octave Pianos for $275 
and upward. 

!o2?ace "Waters'* 



mm 





Are as fine and durable instruments as are made. Warranted five years. Prices 
greatly reduced for cash. 



TESTIMONIALS. 

The Horace Waters' Pianos are known as among the very best. — N Y Evangelist. 

We can speak of the merits of the Horace Waters' Pianos from personal knowledge, as 
being of the very best quaMty.— Christian Intelligencer. 

The Horace Waters' Pianos are built of the best and most thoroughly seasoned material. 
— Advocate and Journal. 

Waters' Pianos and Melodeons challenge comparison with the finest made anywhere in 
the country. — Home Journal. 

Our friends will find at Mr. Waters' store the very best assortment of Music and of 
Pianos to be found in the United States. — Grahain''s Magazine. 



Schedule of Prices of Instruments Mailed Free. 

Sabbath School and other Boohs, pMished by Horace Waters: 

Sabbath School Bell, No. 1; Sabbath School Bell, No. 2. 

(1,022,000 copies issued.) 

CHORAL HARP; THE DiADEBII!i. 

PRICES.— Paper covers, $3 per doz.; Boards, $3.60 Cloth Embossed, Gilt, 
$4.20. BELLS, Nos. 1 and 2, in one volume, $6.60 per doz.; Cloth Embossed, 
Gilt, $7.20 per dozen. DAY SCHOOL BELL, for Public Schools and Seminaries, 
paper covers, $3.60 per doz.; board covers, $4.20; cloth, $4.80. 

The Christian Melodist, a New Revival Hymn and Tune Book 

Price $3 per dozen; boards, $3.60. 

MANUFACTORY AND WAREROOPflS, 481 BROAOWAY, NEW YORK 

HORACE WATERS. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 189 



Stolter Henry A., Grocer, 105 South Front, r same 

Strange Robert, Law Office, 117 Market, r Market bt Second 

and Third 
Strauss John H., of Smith & Strauss, r cor Fourth and Hanover 
Strauss John W., Grocer, Second bt Hanover and Brunswick, 

r same 
Stroad J. M., Tinner, A. W. Lawson & Co 
Stroad Charles H., r Anderson bt Gwynn and Rankin 
St. Thomas' Church, (Catholic) bt Second and Third 
Stuart John, Distiller, Jos. R. Blossom & Evans, r cor Third 

and Cowan 
Stvron Christopher W., Book-keeper, Williams & Murchison, 

bds Mrs. M. S. Barry 
Sullivan Roger R., Clerk, James Wilson, bds cor Fourth and 

Bladen 
Sullivan Alex., bds A. S. Cannon 
Summerell George M., Contractor and Builder, r Market bt 

Sixth and Seventh 
Sundheiraer J., Clerk, Kahnweiler & Bro. 
Sutton William, of A. W. Lawson & Co., bds J. S. Robinson 
Swann John, Physician, r cor Third and Dock 
Swann F. Alex., Clerk, Horace M. Barry, bds John Swann 
Swann James G., Clerk, Worth & Daniel, r cor Third and 

ChesDUt 
Swann Benjamin F., Undertaker and Coachmaker, Princess bt 

Third and Fourth, r Church bt Seventh and Eighth 
Sweeney Hugh, Moulder, Hart & Bailey 
Sweeney Edward C, Grocer, Fourth bt Harnet and Bladen, r 

same 
Sweeney Thomas U., Machinist, W. & W. R. R., bds Edward 

C. Sweeney 
Sylva Antone P., Watchman, W. &. W. R. R., r McRae bt 

Walnut and Red Cross 
Sykes Wm. H., Conductor, W. & M. R. R. 

T. 

Taylor John A., r Market bt Fourth and Fifth 
Taylor John D., bds John A. Taylor 
Taylor D., Clerk, John Bishop, bds same 
Taylor James H., Clerk, Aaron H. Neff, r Second bt Market 
and Dock 

The Cheapest Dry Goods House in the City, 
John H. Anderson's. 



140 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



r)ED>TmsT, 

No. 157 FAYETTE STREET, 

BETWEEN HOWARD AND EUTAW. Bsi^ILalTIM'^IRI^. 

WILLIAM W. PAGE. THOMAS W. BROWN, of N. C. 

PAGE & BHO'WN, 

General Commission Merchants. 

FOR THE SALE OF 

COTTON, HAVAL STORES, LUMBER, &c. 

No. 118 Water St., near Liberty Square, 
BOSTON, MASS. 



REFERENCES: 

Edward L. Tead, Cashier Faneuil Hall National Bank, Boston. 

Banker & Carpenter, Boston and New York. J. H. Chadwick & Co., Boston, Mass. 

Harrisa & Howeil, Wilmington, N. C. & N. Y. Thayer, Babson & Co., Boston, Mass. 
French, Richards & Co., Philadelphia, Pa. James E. Brown & Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Eobert Morris, Preeideat Commonwealth National Bank, Philadelphia, Pa. 



JAMES & BROWN, 




Office— ^National Bank Building, 100 Princess 
Street, Corner Front, 

WM. H. JAMES. JOHN KENT BROWN. 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 141 



Taylor Matthew P., with Atkinson & Shepperson, hds cor 

Second and Dock 
Taylor R. J. & Co., Steam Saw Mill, McRae's Wharves, bt 

Walnnt and Red Cross 
Taylor Robert J,, of R. J. Taylor & Co., r cor Niitt and Walnut 
Taylor Jos. W., ofR. J. Taylor & Co., r cor Nutt and Walnut 
Teel George, Clerk, John Dawson, bds Mrs. John Cowan 
Telegraph Office, No. 4 South Front cor Market (up stairs) 
Terry Rev. R. E., Rector, St. John's Church_, r cor Third and 

Cross 
Thomas William George, Physician, Market bt Third and 

Fourth, r cor Fourth and Market 
Thomas Sumner P., Clerk, M. M. Katz & Co., bds M. M. Katz 
Thompson John W., Secretary and Treasurer W. & W. R. R., 

r Second bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Thompson James S., bds Samuel N. Cannon 
Thompson Julius, Carpenter, r cor Eighth and Castle 
Thompson Susan, Transient Boarding House, Fourth bt Church 

and Castle 
Thompson J. A., Commission Merchant, 16 South Water 
Thomson Ninian, Painter, r cor Chesnut and Ninth 
Thorburn Robert, Proprietor Eagle Bakery, 101 South Front 

cor Dock, r Third bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Thornton John, r cor Fifth and Harnet 
Thornton Thomas, Engineer, W. & W. R. R., r cor Third and 

Harnet 
Thurston William C, Clerk, Kidder & Martin's Mill, r Fourth 

bt Church and Castle 
Tienken & Bauman, (C. Tienken, Jno. G. Bauman) Groceries 

and Liquors, 17 and 19 S. Front 
Tienken C., of Tienken & Bauman, r 19 South Front, 
Tilley Fletcher, r cor Third and Red Cross 
Titien, Claus, Grocer, cor Third and Orange, r same 
Toomer Mrs. Julia A., r Second bt Church and Castle 
Toomer William J., Clerk, Atkinson & Shepperson, bds Mrs. 

Julia A. Toomer 
Toomer Evander 0., Clerk, Petteway & Moore, bds Mrs. Julia 

A. Toomer 
Topham James S. & Co., Harness and Saddlery, 7 South Front 
Townsend Robert S., Mechanic, r Third bt Walnut and Red 

Cross 

Domestic Dry Goods Sold Low at John H. 
Anderson's. 



142 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



SPECTOR OF NAVAL STORES, 



AND 



"WEIGHER or KOSIN, 

OFFICE WITH ALEX. SPEUNT, ESQ. 
JVb. 16 South Water Street, up stairs^ 



125. BREMER & BRO., 127 



I>E.A.X.EI^S I3Sr 



Groceries, Provisions, Wines, 

LIQUORS, 

WOOD & WILLOW WARE, &c. 

,^^"Country Merchants will find it to their advantage to examine 

our stock. 

Nos. 125 & 127 MAEKET ST., Wilmington, N. 0. 

JOHN BREMER, HENRY BREMER. 



SMAW S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 143 



Tracy Mrs. L. P., Dressmaker, r Market btSeventli andEiglith 

Trickey Mrs. M. A., wid., r cor Eiglith and Queen 

Trolen Robert, Boiler Maker, Hart & Bailey 

Turner Fannie A., Transient Boarding House, McRae bt Ches- 

nut and Mulberry 
Turlington William H., Commission Merchant, 23 N. Water, 

(up stairs) bds E. Turlington 
Turlington E., Timber Inspector, r Red Cross bt Front and 

Second 

V. 

Van Araringe & Co., Distillers, office 9 Dock (up stairs) 
Van Amringe George 0., r cor Front and Nun 
Van Amringe George 0., Jr., bds Georg^O. Van Amringe 
Van Amringe Stacy, bds George 0. Van Amringe 
Van Bokkelen, Commission Merchant and Manager Union Dis- 
tillery, office. No. 3 Hall's Wharves, N. Water bt Chesnut 
and Mulberry, r 107 North Front bt Princess and Chesnut 
Van Orsdell Cornelius M., Photographic Gallery and Stock 

Depot, 115 Market, (up stairs,) r cor Second and Ann " 
Van Sickle J., Tobacco and Cigars, 11 Market, r Second bt 

Walnut and Red Cross 
Viagras Emanuel, r Anderson bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Vick, Mebane & Co., (Samuel W. Vick, C. P. Mebane, Wil- 
mington, W. D. Reynolds & Bro., Norfolk, Va.,) Commis- 
sion Merchants, 129 North Water (up stairs) 
Vick Samuel W., of Vick, Mebane & Co., r cor Fourth and 

Chesnut 
Vincent Nathaniel B., Upholstery, Paper Hanging and Furni- 
ture, 29 North Front cor Princess, r 109 Princess bt Front 
and Second 
VoUers Louis^, Grocer, 4 South Second and 123 Market, r cor 

Second and Mulberry 
VoUers H., of Adrian & Vollers, r 100 South Front cor Dock 
Von Glahn Henry, Merchant, r cor Princess and Fifth 
Von Derkammer H., Shoemaker, Second bt Mulberry and 

Walnut, r same 
Vorsanger Samuel, Clerk, A. David & Co., bds Mrs. H. Blu- 

menthal 
Voss J. G., Shoemaker, 28 S. Front, r same 

John H. Anderson's Southern Dry Goods 
House, Exchange Corner. 



144 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



Ann Street IKEills^ 

F. J. LORD, PROPRIETOR, 

Gor> Ann and South mTatex* Stsi 



Dealers and Families supplied with a Fresh and Superior Article of 

mS&Z l.Sf D nan IKT, 



Ground when desired and delivered in any part of the city 
FREE OF DRAY AGE. 



BAB, FAIBLEY & CO., 



No. 1 HALL'S WHARVES, N. WATER ST. 

(Between Chesnut and Mulberry,) 



P^ILMINGTON, N. C. 



Strict personal attention given to the sale of Cotton, Naval Stores and 
Country Produce consigned to them. Ordkrs Solicited. 

J. C. DUNBAR. J. A. NICHOLSON. 

J. M. FAIRLEY. R. N. FAIRLEY. 



SMAW's WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 145 



w. 

Waddell Hugli, of H. & A. M. Waddell, r Third bt Dock and 

Orange 
Waddell H. and A. M., Law Office, 219 Market 
Waddell Alfred M., of H. and A. M. Waddell, r Third bt 

Orange and Dock 
Waiger Jeremiah, liigger, r cor Fifth and Dawson 
Waid J. Henry, Freight Clerk, Southern Express, bds Joseph 

H. Neff 
Wallace Stephen D., of Wallace & Southerland, r cor Front 

and Red Cross 
Wallace & Southerland, (S. D. Wallace, Jno. B. Southerland) 

Commission Merchants, 21 Nutt bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Walker Joshua C, Physician, 106 Princess, r S. W. cor Front 

and Ann 
Walker Richard, Carpenter, r Second bt Ann and Nun 
Walker Asa K., Cashier, First National Bank, r cor Market 

and Sixth 
Walker William A., Secretary and Treasurer W. & M. R. R., 

r cor Sixth and Market 
Walker Jones C, bds cor Market and Sixth 
Walker & Maunder, (James Walker, John Maunder) Marble 

Works cor Front and Walnut 
Walker James, of Walker & Maunder, Contractor and Builder 

cor Front and Walnut, bds cor Front and Dock 
Walker James A. , Salesman, Haas & Co. , r cor Third & Chesnut 
Walker Mrs. Eliza M., r cor Third and Chesnut 
Walker Henry D., bds cor Third and Chesnut 
Waldron Robt. S., Dry Goods, 109 Market, bds T. B. Smith 
Warrock William S., Printer, W. H. Bernard, bds Mrs. Julia 

A. Toomer 
Warren Nicholas G., Meat and Oyster Market, Second bt Mar- 
ket and Dock 
Watts Joseph T., Book-keeper, Keith & Kerchner r cor Fifth 

and Mulberry 
Watson Thomas A., Policeman, bds Francis M. James 
Watson Charles, r Castle bt Sixth and Seventh 
Watson Rev. Alfred A., Rector St James' Parish, r Market bt 

Third and Fourth 
Watson Benjamin, Policeman, bds Charles Watson 
Watson Henry M., Blacksmith, r Fourth bt Wooster & Queen 
Waterman Thomas H., Clerk, Horace M. Barry, bds Samuel 

G. Northrop 
Webb H., Saloon, 19 Market, r Market bt Seventh & Eighth 
Weill A. & Co., Dry Goods and Clothing, 14 and 32 Market 
19 



146 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




SMAW'S WILMINOTON DIRECTORY. 147 



Weill Abraham of A. Weill & Co., bds Gus. Rosenthal 

Weinberger Adolphe, Clerk, N. Goteberg, bds 203 N. Water 

Welsh John, Ship Carpenter^ bds A. Ellis 

Welsh John, Policeman, r cor Sixth and Castle 

Wells Henry, r Church bt Fourth and Fifth 

Wescott Benjamin, Clerk, Ephriam Wescott, bds same 

Wescott Ephriam, Grain Dealer, 5 and 7 Princess, r Third bt 

Church and Nun. 
Westerman Henry, Book keeper, Adrian & Vollers 
West S. M., Auctioneer and Commission Merchant, 12 South 

Water, r Third bt Princess and Chesnut 
Whitaker Thaddeus S., Bookseller and Stationer, 118 Market 

r same 
Whitaker Silas H., Telegraph Operator, bds J. F. Legwin 
Whitehead Williamson, Book keeper, Alex. Johnson & Co., r 

Fifth bt Market and Princess 
Whitehead William B., r Front bt Nun and Church 
Whitehead James I., Book keeper, Vick, Mebane & Co., bds 

Wm. B. Whitehead 
White Benjamin, r Market st Plank Road 
White Benj. F., Paper Hanger, N. B.Vincent, bds Benj. White 
White P. W., r Third bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
White John A., Paper Hanger, N. B. Vincent, bds Benjamin 

White 
White William L., bds Benjamin White 
Whitman James, r cor Market and Eighth 
Whitney Mrs. C. C, r Fifth bt Dock and Orange 
Wilder John H., Carpenter, r Castle bt Sixth and Seventh 
Williams William F., Clerk, Zeno H. Greene, bds same 
Williams Francis W., of W. Potter & Co., bds T. J. Williams 
Williams Lewis N. , r Chesnut bt Eighth and Ninth 
Williams & Murchison, (George W. Williams, David R. Mur- 

chison, Wilmington ; K. M. Murchison, Jno. D. Williams, 

New York) Commission Merchants and Wholesale Grocers, 

and Agents New York Line Steamships, 13 & 15 N. Water 
Williams Geo. W., of W. & Murchison, r cor Fifth and Orange 
Williams William H. & Co., (Wm. H. Williams, A. Souther- 
land) Commission Merchants, 19 North Water 
Williams, Potter & Co., (Thos. J. Williams, W. J. Potter, 

Francis W. Williams) Groceries and Provisions, 124 Market 
Williams Thomas J., of Williams, Potter & Co., r Second bt 

Church and Nun 
Williams Thomas, Clerk, Jos. Meier, bds James H. Mitchell 
Williams Geo. W., Keeper Seaman's Home, S. W. cor Front 

and Dock, r same 



148 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



"T^fOTICE. — The Co-partnership heretofore existing between the undersigned, 
Xl under the style of R. MASON & SONS, was this day dissolved by mutual 
consent. R. 0. MASON withdraws from the firm; W. A. MASON will pay all 
debts of the firm, and collect all outstanding claims. 

R. 0. MASON, 
Baltimoeb, February 1, 186T. W. A. MASON. 



R. C. MASON, 

FORMERLY SENIOR PARTNER IN THE FIRM OF R. MASON & SONS 

Having retired from that firm, has purchased the establishment of 
Mr. Thomas McCoubray, 

Nos. 45 W. Pratt St. and 91 Thames St., 

OT THE 



AND WILL CONDUCT THE 



In his own name, and respectfully solicits the patronage of his former customers and 
friends. R. C. MASON flatters himself, that by his long experience in the business, 
he will be enabled to give those who may favor him with their custom, entire satis- 
faction. 



He will at all times have an assortment of 

Water Crackers, Lemon Pic-nic Crackers, Novelty Cakes, 

Butter Crackers, Water Pic-nic Crackers, Ginger Schnapps, 

Soda Crackers^ Oyster Crackers, Jumble Schnapps, 

Sugar Crackers, Tea Cakes, Jumbles, 

Edinburg Crackers, Sugar Cakes, Ginger Nuts, 

Cream Crackers, Scotch Cakes, Ginger Cakes, 
Pilot and Navy Bread, 



Nos. 45. W. Pratt Street and 91 Thames Street, 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 149 



Williams Thomas D., Clerk, Williams, Potter & Co., bds T. 

J. Williams 
Williams Joseph S., bds Mrs. W. G. Milligan 
Williams William H., r cor Mulberry and Ninth 
Williams Wm. A. & Son, Commission Merchants, 23 N. Water 
Williams John F., of Wm. A. Williams & Son, bds Wm. A. 

Williams 
Williams E, D. Printer, Journal Offlce, bds L. J. Sherman 
Williams W. A., of W. A. W. & Son, r cor Cottage Lane and 

Fourth 
Williamson George, r cor Ninth and Queen 
Willis Elijah, Druggist and Chemist, 114 Market 
Willard James A., Commission Merchant, 125 and 127 North 

Water, r cor Third and Mulberry 
Willard Alfred A., Wholesale Grocer, 125 and 127 N. Water 

r cor Sixth and Orange 
Wilson John A., Carpenter, Geo. S. Copes, bds Elias R. Wilson 
Wilson Wm., Clerk, Chabourn's Mill, r cor Third & Harnet 
Wilson Walter A., Engineer, W. & M. R. R., bds W. Wilson 
Wilson Benjamin, bds William Wilson 

Wilson Wm. A., Book-keeper, H. M. Barry, r cor Second & Nun 
Wilson James, Hardware and Harness, 14 South Water 
Wilson Elias R , r Guthrie's alley, bt Orange and Ann 
Wilmington Journal; 111, 113 and 115 Princess bt Front and 

Second, Engelhard & Price Editors and Proprietors 
Wilmington Dispatch, 117 Market, (up stairs) Robinson & 

Smith Editors and Proprietors 
Wilmington Gas Light Co. Works, cor Castle and Surry 
Wilmington Institute, cor Fourth and Princess, Levin Megin- 

ney. Principal 
Wilmington & Weldon Rail Road, R. R. Bridgers, President ; 

Freight Depot, Front bt Red Cross and Campbell, 
Wilmington & Manchester Rail Road, Henry M. Drane, Pre- 
sident ; General and Freight Depot opposite Market st Dock 
Wilmington, Charlotte & Rutherford Rail Road, Robert H. 

Cowan, President; Depot, Nutt bt Bladen and Harnet 
Wilmington Theatre, Princess bt Third and Fourth 
Wilmington Chamber of Commerce, No. 10 South Water 
Wise James M., bds Mrs. M. S. McCaleb 

Withy W. H., Mechanic, Aaron H. NeflP, bds Mrs. Emma Dyer 
Witcover A. & S., Dry Goods and Clothing, 16 Market 
Witcover Wolfe, Salesman, A. & S. Witcover, r Second bt 

Princess and Chesnut 
Wolfe, Wronski & Co., Clothing, 115 Market 
Wolfe Charles, Clerk, M. Schulken & Co., bds A. Doumeland 



I 



150 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



STERLINGS 

Southern Series of 

SCHOOL BOOKS, 

Being "Our Own Series," Revised and Improved, 
BY RICHARD STERLIHG, A. M. 

PRINCIPAL OF EDGEWORTH FEMALE SEMINARY, GREENSBORO, N. C. 

Which have now been before the public for the past four years; having first been issued 
during the late war, at great expense, when the Schools of the South could be supplied from 
no other source, by Messrs. Sterling & Albright of Greensboro, N. C. The favor with 
which these books have been received by Teachers and Parents of the South, has induced 
the author to place them in our hands as publishers, having previously revised and materi- 
ally improved them; and we now propose to present them to the public in a style equal if 
not superior to any series of School Books in the market. We have prepared entirely new 
stereotype plates and numerous pictorial illustrations especially for this purpose, and we are 
quite confident that in their mechanical as well as in their more material qualities they are 
at least unsurpassed by any other books of their class. 

AS NOW AERANGED THE SERIES EMBRACES: 

§t©!p[log'§ So«tEi©FCT PleterplaB PHtneiPp 

St©!r!i?!iDg''s S@Mtfo©(r!iii M>l^m@\^tw^ §^©11©^,, 
StttrlBCif^s Ssatfeetpct HJigEi §eE!)©@l) Sp©!!©^^ 
StetrBSmg's S@uitlii)©PO) FB^st Beadl©?, 
St©!?t8c!if *8 S@MtBt©ptn S©©@n)d K©®dl©!r5 
St©tpll?nif "s S0«itfe©[rni Tfe8(pdl ^©adi©!?^ 
StetrSlcti's S@uitEi©pn P@«i!?tiiJi F^eadeifj, 
St©(pllctt''s S@istBi©tpn) WlUh E^©ai(l©!r» 

In addition to the above, we have the pleasure of presenting 



STERLING'S SOUTHERN SERIES OF IITING BOOKS, 

Prepared expressly upon new, plain and entirely practicable principles, to accompany 
"Sterling's Southern Readers," and for the use ot those Schools who have hitherto been 
unsatisfied with the material, style, and lack of adaptation in the copy books at present in 
use. In this series our aim is to teach in a natural and unconstrained method a plain, bold, 
legible handwriting as the basis of all good penmanship, and as the pupil progresses to grad- 
ually but surely initiate him into the higher powers which may be possessed by every one 
who will closely observe and faithfully follow the system we present. We do not claim 
that good writers may be made in six or twelve lessons as is bombastically urged in favor of 
many other works, but we do assert that a very short time spent in careful and practi- 
cal study, of the natural common sense rule upon which this system is based, will inevitably 
prove that it is in entire harmony with our anatomical construction, and necessarily there- 
fore, the most speedy way to attain proficiency. 

We urge upon all Southern Teachers an examination of this series, believing that nothing 
more is needed to secure its universal adoption. 

OWENS & AGAR, Publishers, 

No. 110 WiUiam Street, N. Y. 



SMAW S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 151 



Woodlift William T., Clockwright, r Harnet bt Third fitFourtl- 
Wood Mrs. S. M., r Sixth bt Castle and Queen 
Wood John C, Coroner, r Third bt Nun and Church 
Wood Robert B. Jr., County Court Clerk, office at Court House 

r cor Princess and Ninth 
Wood Thomas F., Physician, 109 Princess bt Front and Se- 
cond, r same 
Wooster John, r cor Third and Dock 
Wooster John L., Counsellor-at-Law, office, Princess bt Second 

and Third, r cor Third and Dock 
Worth & Daniel, (David G. Worth, N. G. Daniel) Commis- 
sion Merchants and Agents New York and Phila. Lines of 
§;? Steamers and Sailing Packets, 116 South Water 
Worth David Gr., of W. & Daniel, r Front bt Nun and Church 
Wright Joshua Gr., r cor Third and Market 
Wright Adam E,, Physician and Druggist, 213 and 215 Mar- 
ket, r cor Second and Orange 
Wright Wm. A., Law Office, Third bt Market & Dock, r same 
Wright William E., Carpenter, r Church bt Fourth and Fifth 
Wright Julius W., Attorney-at-Law, Princess bt Second and 

Third, r Third bt Ann and Nun 
Wright Thos. H., Cond'tor, W. & W. R. R.,bds J. W. Wright 
Wright S. P., of Day & Wright, r 208 Market 
Wronski Ab'ham, of Wolfe, W. & Co., bds Mrs H. Blumenthal 
Wyatt L. B., Tailor, r Front bt Orange and Ann 

Y. 

Yopp William J., Clerk, W. & W. R. R., r Fifth bt Princess 

and Chesnut 
Yopp Andrew J., Commercial Reporter, Wilmington Journal, 

r Fifth bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
Yopp Franklin V. B., Wood Inspector, r Chesnut bt Eighth 

and Ninth 
Yopp Samuel L. Carpenter, r McRae bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Yopp Wm. H,, Grocer, cor Fifth & Princess, bds A. J. Yopp 
Young Armand D., r Market bt Seventh and Eighth 
Young William M., Pastor Baptist Church, bds Wm. Larkins 
Young Mrs. W. M., School, Dock bt Fifth and Sixth 
Young Armand D. Jr., Conductor, W. & W. R. R., Sleeping 

Cars, bds A. D. Young 

z. 

Zekind Alexander, Clerk, A, Weill & Co., bds Gus. Rosenthal 



152 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



GOLD MEDAL GRAND & SaUARE 




N. E. Corner Eutaw and Fayette Streets, 

^^ I m I — * 

This Company having organized in April, 1864, in conjunction with the well 
known firm of Gaehle & Co. as a joint stock Company, is composed exclusively of 
Practical Piano Makers who have held prominent positions for many years in some 
of the best Piano Establishments in this Country and Europe. 

This Company has one of the largest and most successful manufactories in operation. 
Every branch of the business being under the immediate supervision of the Company, 
whose experience as practical Piano-Makers, enables them to produce an instrument 
which, for power, fulness of tone, elasticity of touch, and elegance of finish, are 
equal, if not superior to any in the country. 

Our facilities for manufacturing Pianos being equal to any in the country, and 
the nature of our organization, enables us to furnish our Pianos at a lower price 
than any other manufacturer, and we therefore refer our friends and the public to 
our list of prices. 

We would also draw particular attention to our own Patent Agraffe improvement, 
through which the treble of our Pianos has beenjrendered unsurpassable for strength 
and bell like clearness of tone, and all who have seen and heard them, pronounce it 
the best and most valuable improvement of the age; and we challenge the most 
thorough scrutiny, and are willing to subject our instruments to any test or com- 
parison with those of any other manufacture, as to touch, sweetness and depth of 
tone, durability and beauty of finish. 

.^^Every instrument warranted for five years. 

^jT-0\6. Pianos taken in exchange, repaired, and all orders and tunings promptly 
attended to. 

j^^Professors, Clergymen, and Institutions supplied at a liberal discount. 

GAEHLE'S PIANO MANUFACTURING COMPANY. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



153 



w. m. mmTEM 



EXTENSIVE 



BOOK BINDERY, 

PAPER RULING AND BLANK BOOK MANUFACTORY, 

in® li@® Bmllllagg, 

BAImTIMOREI^ Md. 



More than twenty years' experience in the business, and strict practical attention 
to its details, enables the proprietor to assure the public that all orders entrusted to 
him will be promptly and accurately attended to, and that the work he turns out 
will give satisfaction in every respect, at prices that cannot foil to please. 

Music carefully bound. Particular attention paid to rebiuding Libraries, &c. 

• Agency of Eiehl's Celebrated Cutting Machines. 




"WM. H. KING, 



MANUFACTURER OF 



Men's and Boys' Clothing. 



Measures taken, and clothing made to order in the 

\mtpm JiMiii ^Litifri^ir i^j^fikiPHMeii,^ ^ 



ORDERS FOR REPAIRING AND CLEANINC 

Executed with neatness and dispatch. 

INTo. 7 Market Street, 

(UP STAIRS,) 

20 • 



154 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



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ADVRETISEMENTS. 



155 



Agricultural Implements specially adapted for 
Southern Markets. 



J. T. GOODW^IN & CO. 

ISI'os. 39 & 31 Fulton Street, 



WQ>mK ©111 




MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN 

Agricultural Implements, 

AND AGENTS FOR THE SALE OF X 

Im^pj aai Eaf I@ S®tt<ai iti§. 

None but first-class Implement 
Machines sold, and prices ^ua' 
r>^ to be as low as can be afFordo ' 
other manufacturers ibr 
equal merit. Circulars a 
sent on application hr 
wise. Freights en 
ranee effected at lowest rates when desirf 




156 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



C. M. VANOHSDELL'S 



^( 



AND 



PHOTOGRAPHIC ROOMS, 

ISTo. 115 Market Street, 



Wl]W[]IS«OTQ)IS«. ^. © 



e» 



Where Artists' Materials of every description are sold. Frames, 
oval and square, gilt and plain, oak and walnut, of all sizes and 
styles, at wholesale and retail. 

Photographic portraiture of every known style. Photographs 
enlarged from small pictures to any desired size, and beautifully 
colored in oil, pastel, water and India ink. 



R. THORBURN, 



100 Front, corner of Dock Street, 

(under seaman's home,) 



A. first class establishment, where can be found at all times 

eakfast and Tea Rolls, Bread, Cakes and Pies: 
^h Soda and Arrow Root Crackers, and Pilot 
Snds of Cakes, &c. , furnished for wed- 
iher parties at the shortest notice. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



157 



SOUTHERN^ 






ITIP 



^5J^^ 



^^VVt^fRESSfO,^ 




Are prepared to forward Currency, Specie, Jewelry, Val- 
uables, Light and Heavy Freight, Parcels, Baggage, &c., 
to all principal points in the United States, and collect 
Drafts, Bonds, Notes, Bills and other claims. 




Connecting with the most reliable Express Companies 
in the country, they are prepared to Forward Merchandise 
and valuables to Europe, South America and other foreign 
countries, guaranteeing safety and dispatch at the lowest 



rates. 



JAMES MACOMBER, Agent, 
15 South Front Street^ 



158 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



H. CLAY ELLIOT, 



WHOLESALE DEALER IN 













Havana and Domestic Cigars^ 

MANUFACTURED TOBACCO, 



Jig -ATA -4i/-4i/-yig ^-.^viA «.^<AAAW^a T4.-U^«>^g 

No. 8 MARKET STREET, 

Union Disfillery, 

A. H. Van Bokkelen, Manager, 

Office, 3 Hall's Wharves, N. Water St., 

(BETWEEN CHESNUT AND MULBERRY.) 



m 



t 



Rosin of all Grrades^ 

PITCH, EOSIN OIL, AND OTHER NAVAL STORES. 



CITY 
BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 

"W^ilmington, IsT. C, 

1867. 



160 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



. AGOSTINI, 

Wholesale and Ketail Dealer in 

GONFEGTIOIERIES, GROCERIES, 

Dried, Preserved, Canned, and Fresh 



THE BEST CABBAGES, BEETS, RUTA BAGA TURNIPS, &C., 

Always on hand in due season. 

G. H. W. RUNGS, 







FRESH ALE AND LAGER BEER 

The Bar is bountifully supplied with choice Wines, Liquors, Cigars, &c. 



ALE AIMb BEER FOR SALE BY THE CASK 

The best imported Rhine Wine always on hand. 

No. 18 North Front Street, 



I 



SMAW'S 

City Business Directory, 



WDLlljl^CTQiK], PC. © 



The following represents the pri7icipal Merchants and 
Business Men in their respective branches, 

AGENTS-OCEAN STEAMEKS. 

ATKINSON & SHEPPERSON, 21 and 23 North Water 
Barry Horace M., 1 Person's Wharves 
HARRISS & HOWELL, 1 Murphy's Wharves 
WORTH & DANIEL, 116 South Water 

AGENTS-INSURANCE. 

ATKINSON & SHEPPERSON, 21 and 23 North Water 

DeRossett & Co., 9 North Water 

Dudley Robert C, 2 Hall's Wharves 

George E. Pay son, 5 North Water (up stairs) 

KIDDER 6c MARTIN, 22 South Water (up stairs) 

Smith Wm. L. & Co., 23 North Front 

AGENTS-GENERAL. 
SMAW FRANK D., Jr., 7 North Front 

AUCTIONEERS. 

Cronly & Morris, 5 North Water 
Gardner & Nunn, 210 Market 
WEST S. M., 12 South Water 



162 BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 



ATTOKNEYS. 

Cutlar Du Brutz, 23 North Front (up stairs) 

Davis George, 23 North Front (up stairs) 

Devane W. S. & D. J., 8 Princess 

Empie Adam, Journal Buildings, 115 Princess 

Holmes John L., Court House, Princess bt Second and Third 

London Mauger, Princess bt Second and Third 

Moore Benj. R., Journal Buildings, 113 Princess 

Person & Frenjh, 2 South Water, cor Market (up stairs) 

Poisson Fred D., Princess bt Second and Third 

Strange Robert, 217 Market bt Second and Third 

Waddell H. & A. M., 219 Market bt Second and Third 

Wooster John L., Princess bt Second and Third 

Wright William A., Third bt Market and Dock 

Wright Julius W., Princess bt Second and Third 

BAKERIES. 

Lessraan A., 12 South Second bt Market and Dock 

LIPPITT JAMES W., 20 North Front 

Patten William, 119 Market 

THORBURN ROBERT, 101 South Front cor Dock 

BOAT BUILDERS. 
Cassidey & Beery, South Water bt Ann and Nun 

BANKS. 
Bank of Cape Fear, 14 and^ 16 North Front, James G. Burr, 

Bank of Wilmington, 23 North Front, Wm. L. Smith, Cash'r 

BANKS-NATIONAL. 
First National Bank of Wilmington, E. E. Burruss, President 

BILLIARD SALOONS. 
Neff, Joseph H., 20 South Water 

BOOKS Al^D STATIONERY. 



# 



LOVE JOHN D., 6 North Front 
WHITAKER THADDEUS S., 118 Market 

BOOKBINDERS. 
Heinsberger Philip, 111 Princess, (basement) 



BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 163 



BOOTS AND SHOES. 

Bradley G. & C, 108 Market 
French Geo. R. &Son, 12 Market 
Hartsfield Asa A., 23 North Front 
PARSONS HENRY S., 120 Market 

BOWLING ALLEYS. 
Neff Joseph H., 20 South Water 

BROKEES-EXCHANGE. 
Dawson James, 5 North Front 

BROKEES-PRODUCE. 
Pigott David, 101 North Water (up stairs) 

BUTCHEES. 

Johnson Thos., City Market Building 

King Jere, City Market Building 

KLEIN DANIEL, Washington Market, 205 Market 

King John B., City Market Buikling 

McDADE, WM. A., Second bt Market and Dock 

CABINET MAKERS. 

Copes George S., 27 North Front 

SWANN B. F., Princess, bt Third and Fourth 

CAEEIAGE AND COACH MAKEES. 

Newhall & Loomis, cor Princess and Third 
Swann B. F., Princess, bt Third and Fourth 

CHINA, GLASS AND EAETHENWAEE. 
PERRIN HENRY R., 105 Market 

CIVIL ENGINEERS AND SUEVEYOES. 
JAMES & BROWN, TOO Princess, cor Front 

CLOTHING. 

Aaron & Rheinstein, 28 Market 
Bear Shnon, 219 North Water 
David A. & Co., 30 Market 
HAAS & CO., 8 and 10 North Front 



164 BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 



Hartz H., 18 Market 

Katz M. M. & Co., 26 Market 

Kahnweiler & Bro., 100 Market, cor of Front 

Munsoii & Co., 113 Market 

Kyttenberg & Bro., 110 Market 

Weill A. &Co., 14 Market 

Witcover A. & S., 16 Market 

COAL DEALEES. 

HENNING R. & CO., office 7 Market 
KEITH & KERCHNER, 3 and 5 Dock 

COLLECTING AGENTS. 
Smaw F. D., Sr. 

CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS. . 

Post James F., Princess, bt Second and Third 
Walker James, cor of Front and Walnut 

COMMISSION MERCHANTS. 

ANDERSON JAMES & Co., 18 South Water 
Adrian & Vollers,' 100 South Front, cor Dock 
ATKINSON & SHEPPERSON, 21 & 23 North Water 
Barry Horace M., No. 1 Person's Wharves, N. Water 
Blossom Jos. R. & Evans, No. 2 Person's Wharves, N. Water 
Chadbourn James H. & Co., 7 Dock (up stairs) 
DeRossett & Co., 9 North Water 
DUNBAR, FAIRLEY & Co., No. 1 Hall's Wharves, North 

Water 
Eilers H. B. 2 Market, cor S. Water 
FINLAYSON & BRO., 7 North Water (up stairs) 
Planner William B., 2 Murphy's Wharves, N. Water 
Greene Zeno H., 7 North Water 
Hall Avon E., Ill North Water 
Haas Sol, & Co., 2 Person's Wharves 
HARRISS & HOWELL, 1 Murphy's Wharves, N. Water 
JOHNSON ALEX. & Co., 16 South Water 
KEITH & KERCHNER, 3 and 5 Dock 
KIDDER & MARTIN, 22 South Water (up stairs) 
MALLETT & HOFFMAN, 105 North Water 
MURRAY E. & Co., 119 and 121 North Water 
McRary W. H. & Co., 101 North Water cor Princess 
Moffitt, Bro. & Co., 23 North Water (up stairs) 
NORTHROP & GUMMING, 103 North Water 



BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 165 



Oldham Alex., 10 South Water 

Parsley 0. G. & Co., 12«J North Water 

PETTEWAY & MOORE, 2 Murphy's Wharycs, N. Water 

Robinson, Smith & Co., 4 South Water 

RUSSELL, ELLIS & COX, 111 North Water (up stairs) 

SHACKELFORD JAMES, 6 Princess 

SPRUNT ALEX., 16 South Water (up stairs) 

VAN BOKKELEN A. H., 3 Hall's Wharves, N. Water 

VICK, MEBANE & Co., 129 North Water (up stairs) 

WALLACE & SOUTHERLAND, 21 Nutt bt Mulberry and 

Walnut 
WEST, S. M., 12 South Water 

WILLIAMS & MURCHISON 13 and 15 North Water 
Williams W. A. & Sou, 23 North Water (up stairs) 
WILLARD JAMES A., 125 and 127 North Water 
WILLIAMS W. H. & Co., 19 North Water 
WORTH & DANIEL, 116 South Water 

CONFECTIONERS AND FRUITERERS. 

AGOSTINI, F. M., 15 Market 
Flanasjan L., 24 and 26 South Front 
LIPPITT JAMES W., 20 North Front 

COTTON BROKERS. 
Pigott Dayid, office, 101 North Water (up stairs) 

DENTISTS. 

Carr Thos. B,, 111 Market (up stairs) 
Eyerett D. E., 113 Market (up stairs) 
Freeman John H,, cor Market and Second 
HANBERRY & BARTLESON, 111 Princess, Journal Build- 
ings 

DRUGGISTS. 

DAY & WRIGHT, 208 Market 
LIPPITT WM. H., 122 Market 
McLIN HENRY, 34 Market 
WILLIS ELIJAH, 114 Market 
WRIGHT ADAM E. 3 213 and 215 Market 

DRY GOODS. 

AARON & RHEINSTEIN, 28 Market 
ANDERSON JOHN H., 23 and 25 Market 
BEAR SIMON, 219 North Water 
21 



166 BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 



Bear Sol. & Bros. 17 Market 
Dawson John, 22 and 24 Market 
HARTZH., 18 Market 
HEDRICK & RYAN, 1 North Front 
Jacohi N., 10 Market 
Kahnweiler & Bro. , 3 and 5 S Front 
KATZ M. M. & Co., 26 Market 
Lyon Jacob, 2 and 4 Market 
Marcus & Kehr, 106 Market 
Ryttenberg & Bro., 6 and 110 Market 
Samson J. & H., 112 Market 
WALDRON R. S., 109 Market 
Weill A. & Co., 14 and 32 Market 
WITCOVER A. & S., 16 Market 

EXPRESS FORWARDERS. 

Adams Express Co., 15 South Front, James Macomber, Agent 
SOUTHERN EXPRESS Co., 15 South Front, James Macom- 
ber, Agent 

FURNITURE. 

Smith Daniel A., N. Front bt Princess and Chesnut 
VINCENT N. B., 29 North Front 

GAS. 
Wilmington Gas Light Co., cor Castle and Surry 

GAS FITTERS. 

Mitchell & Dymott, Henderson's Alley, rear of 11 S. Front 

GRAIN DEALERS. 

Mitchell & Huggins, 17 North Water 
Oldham" Alex. , 10 South Water 
Wescott Ephriam, 5 and 7 Princess 

GUN SMITHS. 

Neff Aaron H., 22 South Front 
Policy Hiram N., 15 Princess 

GROCERS-WHOLESALE. 

ADRIAN & VOLLERS, 100 South Front cor Dock 
ATKINSON & SHEPPERSON, 21 and 23 North Water 



BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 167 



Barry Horace M., 1 Person's Wharves. 

BREMER & BRO., 125 and 127 Market 

Cannon & Stokley, 8 South Water 

DUNBAR, FAIRLEY & CO., 1 Hall's Wharves 

ELLIOTT H. CLAY, 8 Market 

FRENCH GEO. Z., 9 South Front 

GREENE ZENO H., 7 North Water 

HUGGINS & CO., 201 and 203 Market 

KEITH & KERCHNER, 3 and 5 Dock 

LARKINS WILLIAM, 126 Market 

LEWIS THOS. C, 7 Market 

MALLETT & HOFFMAN, 105 North Water 

MURRAY E. & CO., 119 and 121 North Water 

Mvers George, 14 and 16 South Front 

PESCHAU EDUARD 207 North Water 

REEDER HENRY 227 North Water 

TIENKEN & BAUMAN, 17 and 19 South Front 

WILLIAMS W. H. & CO., 19 North Water 

WILLIAMS & MURCHISON, 13 and 15 North Water 

WILLIAMS, POTTER & CO., 124 Market 

WILLARD A. A. 125 and 127 North Water 

GEOOERS-EETAIL. 

Adrian & Toilers, 100 South Front 

Bremer & Bro., 125 and 127 Market 

Bremer Henry M., 30 South Front 

Cannon & Stokley, 8 South Water 

Eckel Henry 25 South Front 

Elliott H. C, 8 Market 

French George Z., 9 South Front 

Hardwick J. M., 128 Market 

Huggins & Co., 201 & 203 Market 

Larkins Wm., 126 Market 

Lewis Thomas C, 7 Market 

Myers George, 14 and 16 South Front 

Newman P., 201 North Water 

Reeder Henry, 227 North Water 

Schulken M. & Co., 100 South Water 

Smith & Bate, 107 Market 

Smith & Strauss, 21 and 23 South Front 

Stolter & Bremer, 200 Market 

Tienken & Bauman 17 & 19 South Front 

Vollers Louis 123 Market 

Williams, Potter & Co., 124 Market 



168 BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 



HARDWARE. 

Dawson John, 120 Market 
Peck George A., 18 South Front 
Wilson James, 14 South Water 

HATS, CAPS, &c. 

Bear Simon, 219 North Water 
Haas & Co., 8 and 10 North Front 
Hartz H., 18 Market 
Hedrick & Ryan, 7 North Front 
Myers George, 14 and 16 South Front 
Witcover A. & S., 16 Market 

HOTELS. 

Bailey's Hotel, 19 & 21 North Front 
BROCK'S EXCHANGE, 13 North Front 
City Hotel, 128, 130 & 132 Market 
Mechanic's Hotel, Front bt Orange and Ann 
Rail Road Hotel, cor Front and Red Cross 
Rock Spring Hotel, Chesnut bt Water and Front 
Seaman's Home, 100 South Front cor Dock 

IRON POUNDERS. 

Hart & Bailey, 20 South Front 

ROBERTS THOS. E., cor Queen and Surry 

IMPORTERS. 

HARRISS & HOWELL, 1 Murphy's Wharves N. Water 
Parsley 0. G. & Co., 129 North Water 

JEWELERS. 

BROWN & ANDERSON, 104 Market 
Dinglehoff M., 12 South Front 

LIQUOR AND WINE DEALERS. 

ADRIAN & VOLLERS, 100 S. Front cor Dock 
BREMER & BRO., 125 & 127 Market 
Bremer Henry M., 30 South Front 
Cannon & Stokley, 8 South Water 
ELLIOTT H. CLAY, 8 Market 
FRENCH GEO. Z., 9 South Front 
HUGGINS & Co., 201 & 203 Market 



BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 169 



LARKINS WM., 126 Market 

LEWIS THOS. C, 7 Market 

Myers George, 14 & IG South Front 

Newman Philip, 201 North Water 

Reeder Henry 227 North Water 

Schulken M. & Co., 100 South Water 

Smith & Strauss, 21 & 23 South Front 

Stolter & Bremer, 200 Market 

TIENKEN & BAUMAN, 17 & 19 South Front 

Vollers Louis, 123 Market 

LIVERY AND SALES STABLES. 

Currie Stephen A., cor Princess and Second 
SOUTHERLAND & STEAGALL, c^r Princess and Third 

LOOK SMITHS. 

Lawson A. W. & Co., 24 N. Front 
Neff Aaron H. , 22 South Front 
Policy Hiram N., 15 Princess 

MARBLE AND STONE WORKERS. 
WALKER & MAUNDER, cor Front and Walnut 

MERCHANT TAILORS. 

HAAS & CO., 8 & 10 North Front 
KING WM. H., 7 Market (up stairs) 
Munson & Co., 113 Market 

MILLINERY. 

AARON & RHEINSTEIN, 28 Market 
Colton Mrs. A. M. F., Second bt Market and Dock 
Kahnweiler & Bro., 3 and 5 South Front 
KATZ M. M. & CO., 26 Market 

NEWSPAPERS. 

Wilmington Dispatch, 117 Market, (up stairs) Robinson & 

Smith Proprietors 
Wilmington Journal, 111, 113 and 115 Princess, (Journal 

Buildings) Engelhard & Price Proprietors 

NEWS DEALERS. 
Harriss Thomas M,, 4 North Front 



170 BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 



NOTARIES PUBLIC. 

Thomas Evans James D. Gumming 

Wm. L, Smith Isaac B. Grainger 

Junius D. Gardner Sr Jacob Loeb 

Asa K. Walker Wm. M. Poisson 
Ancrum B. Burr 

PAINTERS-HOUSE AND SIGN. 

Burr Charles E., 116 Market, (up stairs) 
Fanning P. W., Front, bt Orange and Ann 
Kling Fred'k, cor of Front and Walnut 

PAPER HANGINGS AND UPHOLSTERY. 

Smith Daniel A., Front, bt Princess and Chesnut 
VINCENT N. B , 29 North Front 

PHOTOGRAPHERS. 
VAN ORSDELL C. M., 115 Market, (up stairs) 

PHYSICIANS. 

Anderson Edwin A., 213 Market, bt Second and Third 
A-' Berry William A., 19 North Front 
/^,. Bradley Alfred 0., Front, bt Dock and Orange 
^iff< Cutlar Frederick J., 100 Princess, cor of Front 
j^Kc Ertkenker I. F., 103 South Front 
Ji^t^ Freeman William E., Front, bt Chesnut and Mulberry 

King J. Francis, 100 Princess, cor of Front 
i/l, Langdon Walter R., Market, bt Seventh and Eighth 

Love William J., Front, bt Chesnut and Mulberry 
X^f . McRee James F. Sr., Second, bt Market and Princess 

McRee James F. Jr., Front, bt Princess and Chesnut 

Robinson J. S., Front, bt Chesnut and Mulberry 

Schonwald James T., 102 Princess 

Swann John, cor of Third and Dock 

Thomas William George, Market, bt Third and Fourth 

Walker Joshua C, 106 Princess 

Wood Thomas F., 109 Princess, bt Front and Second 
/v: Wright Adam E., 213 and 215 Market 

PRINTERS-BOOK AND JOB. 

Bernard William H., 4 South Water, (up stairs) 
ENGELHARD & PRICE, Journal Buildings, 111, 113 and 
115 Princess 



BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 171 



RESTAUKANTS. 

BISHOP JOHN, 109 North Water 
BROCK & CLIFFORD, 13 North Front 
Sherman L. J., 11 South Front 
WEBB HARRY, 19 Market 

SADDLERY AND HARNESS. 

Topham James S., 7 South Front 
Wilson James, 14 South Water 

SALOONS. 

BISHOP JOHN, 109 North Water 

BROCK & CLIFFORD, 13 North Front 

CORNEHLSON J. H. N., 9 Market 

KELLY STEPHEN, 107 North Water 

KORDLANDER HENRY, 8 and 10 Dock 

Mayer Fred., 4 South Front 

Meier Joseph, 18 Dock 

Neff Joseph H., 20 South Water 

Otten & Gate, 217 North Water 

Peden William N. , 3 Market 

RUNGE G. H. W., 18 North Front 

Sherman L. J., 11 South Front 

WEBB HARRY, 19 Market 

SEWING MACHINES. 
SMAW FRANK D., Jr., 7 North Front 

SHIP BUILDERS AND MARINE RAILWAYS. 
CASSIDEY & BEERY, South Water bt Nun and Church 

SOAP MANUFACTURERS. 
Preston Geo. C, cor Surry and Castle 

STOYE DEALERS. 

LAWSON A. W. & CO., 24 North Front 
NEFF AARON H., 22 South Front 

STEAM SAW AND PLANING MILLS. 

Chadbourn James H. & Co., office 7 Dock (up stairs) 
KIDDER & MARTIN, office 22 South Water (up stairs) 



172 BUSINESS DIRECTORY. 



NORTHROP & GUMMING office 103 N. Water . 
Parsley 0. Gt., office 129 North Water 

SURVEYORS. 
JAMES & BROWN, 100 Princess cor Front 

SCHOOLS. 

BURR MISS KATE and MISS HETTIE JAMES, Market bt 

Third and Fourth 
Hinton Joseph H., cor Front and Walnut 
Jewett Geo. W., cor Fourth and Chesnut 
Kennedy Miss Kate, Third bt Market and Princess 
Meginney L., cor Princess and Fourth 
McMillan Hamilton, Third bt Dock and Orange 
Morrell Daniel, cor Fourth and Cottage Lane 
RANSOM MRS. ROBERT, near cor Third and Orange 
Roth well Mrs. L. P., Third, bt Princess and Chesnut 

TIN AND SHEET IRON WORKERS. 

LAWSON a. W. & CO., 24 North Front 
NEFF AARON H., 22 South Front 

TOBACCO AND CIGARS. 

BURKHIMER HENRY, 5 Market 
LIPPITT JAMES W., 20 North Front 
Van Sickle J., 11 Market 

UNDERTAKERS. 

Copes George S., 27 North Front ' 

SWANN B. F., Princess, bt Third and Fourth 

WOOD TURNERS. 

Schenck & Servoss^ Surry, bt Castle and Queen 



I 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 177 



PIANO FORTSS. 



We have been successful manufacturers of Piano Fortes for the past 
forty years, and the practical experience acquired during this long period 
warrants us in saying that we can make just as good an instrument, in 
every particular, as icas ever made hy anybody. We warrant all our in- 
struments to be durable, of excellent tone, easy and agreeable to the 
touch. We have never asked an outrageous price for our instru- 
ments, but have always sold them at prices considerably less than other 
first-class makers. 

Besides the Pianos of our own make, we can furnish instruments from 
the manufactories of the Steinways, Chickerings, and other makers. 
We pay particular attention to the manufacture of 

CABINET OR UPRIGHT PIANOS, 

Very suitable for small rooms, and of equal power to the squarer. We 
have been remarkably successful in our Upright Pianos, and can truly 
say that we think we furnish instruments of this style rather more dssi- 
rable than those of any other house. Price from ^500 to ^900. Some 
of them cheaper Pianos from $300 upwards. Liberal discounts made to 
the trade, profession and clergymen. 



We are the Agents of the above celebrated Reed Organs, which are 
fully equal to any made, while the price is full 20 per cent below those of 
other good makers. We have on hand instruments of this class ranging 
in price from $90 to $600 :— 

Guitars, Flutes, Fifes, Clarionets, Banjos 
Tanihorines, Accordeons, 

In fact all kinds of Instruments of our own make, and warranted in every 

particular. 

We are constantly publishing a great variety of Music and Musical 
Works, and keep always on hand a complete assortment of the publica- 
tions of all other musical houses. 

Seminaries, Teachers and Dealers furnished at the most reasonable 
rates. Music carefully selected for parties at a distance from the city. 

ORDERS RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED. 

• -^^ — •-•-• — ^ 

"WM. A. POND & CO., 

No. 547 Broad-way N. Y. 



178 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



'WENDEL BOLLMAN, 




AND PROPRIETOR OF THE 



F4¥ 




Oor. Clinton St. and Second Avenue, Canton, 



BA 



Manufacturer of Bollman's Patent Iron Suspension Trussed Bridges, for Railways 
and common roads ; also, all kinds of Cast and Wrought Iron work, such as Roofs, 
Fronts, Girders, Gaps, &c., &c., for Buildings, and Machinery in all its branches. 
Plans and estimates, furnished upon application. 

Builder of the Wilmington Railway Bridge Gompany's Iron Suspension Bridges 
now in course of construction, and crossing the Cape Fear. 

OFFICE AT HILTON, WILMINGTON, N. 0. 



E-EFEIIS TO 

Hon. R. R. BRIDGERS, President W. & W. R. R. 

H. M. DRANE, Esq., President W. & M. R. R. 

GoL. R. H. COWAN, President W. C. & R. R. R. 

W. H. Mcdowell, Esq., chief Engineer Wilmington Railway Bridge Co. 

JOHN W. GARRETT, Esq., President Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. 

L. H. CLARK, Esq., Chief Engineer Illinois Central Railroad. 

A. P. RAVENEL, Esq., President North Eastern Railroad, Charleston, S. 0. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



179 



THOS. J. MITCHELL. 



GEO. ALLEN. 



D. T. CARRAWAY. 



AGRICULTURAL HOUSE, 



AND 




MITCHELL, ALLEN & CO., 

22 Pollock St., Kewbern, North Carolina, 

HAVE AN EXTENSIVE STOCK OF 

AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS AND MACHINES. 

Carpenters', Builders', Blacksmiths', Machinists', Wheelwrights', Millers', 
Coopers', Saddlers', Shoemakers', Masons', Tinners', Dis- 
tillers', Turpentine and Shingle Makers' 

T®®M ami imf f lt©i. 

Cotton Gins of all kinds, Cotton Presses, Horse Powers, Straw Cutters, Corn 
Shellers and Mills, Cider Mills, Cistern and Force Pumps, Gum and Hemp 
Packing, R. Hoe & Co's. Circular and Cross-Cut Saws, Butchers' Files, 
Leather and Rubber Belting, Lace Leather, Belt Hooks, Locks, Iron, Steel, 
Lead, Nails, Screws, Tacks, Carriage Material, Harness, Saddlery, Whips, 
Cement, Plaster, Paints, Oil, Hope, Twine, Blocks, Pocket and Table Cut- 
lery, Guns. Pistols, Powder, Shot, Caps, &c., &c. 

Emm fmmmiM mmi 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 



180 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



DAITL MILLER & CO., 





ftl 







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AMERICAN, ENGLISH, SWISS, GERMAN AND FRENCH 



No. 329 BALTIMORE ST.;, 



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DANIEL MILLER, 
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H. C. MILLER 
T. K. MILLER 



Dliist ii 



Wlffi^Ol 




IRON FRONT BUILDING, 

If Oe 114 Market St»j 



GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



\ 



182 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



OF 




INCLUDING, AMONG UPWARDS OP 



Three Hundred Volumes of Standard Educational Works, 



THE following: 



National Pictorial Primer. Parker & Watson 

National Series of Sch. Readers. 5 Nos. 

Sherwood's Writinfj Speller Series. 4 Nos. 

Smith's Sch. Spellers and Definers. 4 Nos. 

Wright'si Analytical Orthography. 

Northend's Dictation Exercises. 

Davies' New Seiies of Arithmetics. 5 Nos. 

Davies' New Series of Algebras. 3 Nos. 

Davies' Higher Mathematics — a complete 
course. 

Monteith & McNally's School Geographies 
6 Nos. 

Clark's Diagram System of English Gram- 
mar. 2 Nos. 

Beers' System of Penmanship. 12 Nos. 

Self-Instructing Writing Books. 3 Nos. 

Willard's A merican and Universal Histories. 

Berard's History of England. 

Monteiih-s History of ihe United States. 

H anna's B bie History. 

Boyd's Annotated British Poets. 5 Vols. 

Northend's School Speakers. 3 Nos. 

Raymond's Patriotic Speaker. 

Smith & Martin's Book-Keeping. 



Watts on the Mind. 
Boyd's Composition and Logic. 
Karnes' Elements of Criticisin. 
Day's Art of Rhetoric. 
Beers' Geographical Drawing-Book. 
Norton & Porter's First Book of Science. 
Peck's Ganot's Natural Philosophy. 
Porter's School Chemistries. 2 Nos. 
Wood's Botanical Text Books. 2 Nos. 
Emmons' Manual of Geology. 
Chambers' Elements of Zoology. 
Jarvis' Text Books in Anatomy. 
Hamilton's Vegetable and Animal Physi- 
ology. 
Mansfield's Political Manuel. 
Pujol & Van Norman's French Class-Book 
Fowle's French Reader. 
Brook's Annotated Greek and Latin Texts. 
Dwigtit's Heathen Mytholoijy. 
Brook' Tiacj's and Carter's Sch. Records. 
Marcy's Eureka Alphabet Tablet. 
Scofield's National School Tablets. 
Brooks' School Manual of Devotion. 
The School- Boy's Infantry Tactics. 



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IN TWENTY-THREE VOLUMES, 

Including Page's "Theory and Practice of Teaching," Holbrook's "Normal 
Methods of Teaching," and Kindred Works. 



Teachers and others interested in the selection of Text-Books, are invited to send 
to the ])iiblishers tor their Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue, where may be found 
detailed descriptions of all their issues. 

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PUBLISHERS AS^D WHOLESALE BOOKSELLERS AND STATIONERS 

111 ar.d 113 William St., Corner of John, 

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SMAW'S 

General Directory. 



MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT. 

Mayor — John Dawson. 

Aldermen. 

First TTarcZ— Stephen D. Wallace, H. Von Glahn. 

Second Ward — James Gr. Burr, Eli Murray. 

Third Ward — William H. Lippitt, Alex. Adrian. 

Fourth Ward — Avon E. Hall, William S. Anderson. 

Marshal Robert Ransom 

Deputy Marshal Richard J. Jones 

Clerk and Treasurer T. W. Anderson 

Attorney William A. Wright 

Surveyor William H . James 

Wood Inspectors — Jno. W. Potter, F. V. B. Yopp, Thompson. 

Chief of Fire Department R. J. Jones 

Chief Fire Warden B. W. Beery 

Fire Wardens. 

First Ward — H. Schulken. Second Ward — James Shackelford. 
Third FarcZ— B. W. Beery. Fourth Ward—W. Burkhimer. 



184 



GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



INCORPOEATIONS. 



RAIL ROADS. 
Wilmington <Jh Wddon RaMrood. 

President R. R. Bridgers 

Directors. 

Piatt K. Dickinson; Stephen D. Wallace; William A. Wright; Eli 
Murray; Edw'd Kidder; Alfred Martin; A. H. VanBokkelen; John 
Everett; W. D. Faircloth; John Norfleet. 

Officers. 

Engineer and Superintendent S. L. Fremont 

Secretary and Treasurer J. W. Thompson 

General Freight Agent Guilford L. Dudley 

Superintendent of Transportation William Smith 

General Ticket Agent and Clerk Wm. M. Poisson 

Master Mechanic Milton M. Hankins 

Table of Distances from Wilmington to 



North East 9 miles 

Marlboro' H " 

Rocky Point 14 " 

Asheboro' 17 " 

Burgaw 22 " 

South Washington 29 " 

Leesburg 23 " 

Teachcy's 88 " 

Magnolia 48 " 

Warsaw 55 " 

Faison's 63 " 

Mount OHve 70 " 



Dudley 75 miles 

Goldsboro' 84 " 

Nahunta 95 " 

Black Creek 102 " 

Wilson 108 " 

Joyner 116 " 

Rocky Mount 125 " 

Battleboro' 133 " 

Whitaker 137 " 

Enfield 143 '* 

Halifax 153 " 

Weldon 162 *' 



Connects at Wilmington with Wilmington and Manchester Railroad ; 
at Goldsboro' with North Carolina Railroad, and Atlantic & N. Carolina 
Raiboad ; at Weldon with Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, and the Bay and 
Annemessix lines going North. 

Wilmington and Manchester Railroad. 

President Henry M. Drane 

Directors. 

Henry Nutt; Richard Bradley; James G. Burr; A. J. De RoBsett; 
W. E. Mills; J. Eli Gregg; 0. G. Parsley; David S. Cowan; J. W. 
McCall ; John Dawson 



GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



185 



Officers. 

General Superintendent William McRae. 

Secretary and Treasurer Wm. A. "Walker. 

General Freight Agent John L. Cantwell, 

Ticket Agent Roderick McRae. 

Yard Master , James G. Green. 

Table of Distances from Wilmington to 



Flemington 34 miles. 

Whiteville 44 " 

Fair Bluff. 63 " 

Nichols' 72 '• 

Mullins' 78 " 

Marion 86 " 

Pee Dee 94 " 

Mar's Bluff 101 " 



Florence 107 

Timmonsville 119 

Lynchbuug 127 

Mayesville 137 

Sumter 146 

Manchester 157 

Kingsville 171 



miles. 



Connects at Wilmington with the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, at 
Florence with the North Eastern Railroad for Charleston, and at Kings- 
ville, with the South Carolina Railroad. 



Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherford Railroad. 

President Robert H. Cowan. 

Directors. 

A. H. VanBokkelen ; John A. McDowell; S. W. Cole; E. N. Hut- 
chison ; A. G. Logan ; Samuel J. Person ; H. W. Guion ; Walter L. 
Steele; S. H. Walkup ; C. C. Henderson; A. R. Homesley ; R. S. 
French. 

Officers. 

General Superintendent Wm. I. Everett. 

Secretary and Treasurer I. T. Alderman. 

Master of Transportation Wm. H. Allen. 

Freight Agent Wm. R French. 

Master Mechanic W. A. Gill. 

Table of Distances from Wilmington to 



Riverside 5 miles. 

North West 15 " 

Marlville 26 " 

Rosindale 38 " 

Brown Maosh 46 " 

Blauenbor o' 54 " 

Lumberton 68 " 



Moss Neck 76 miles. 

Red Banks 84 

Shoe Heel 89 

Laurinburg 95 

Laurel Hill 101 

Sand Hill 110 



186 GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



BANKS. 

Bank of Cape Fear. 

President William A. Wright 

Cashier James Gr. Burr 

Bank Building 14 and 16 North Front Street. 

Bank of Wilmington. 

President -. George R. French 

Cashier William L. Smith 

Bank Building No. 23 North Front Street. 

First National Bank of Wilmington. 

President Edwin E. Burruss 

Cashier Asa K. Walker 

Banking House 101 North Front. 

OAKDALE CEMETERY COMPANY. 

President Edward Kidder 

Secretary and Treasurer P. W. Fanning 

Superintendent Timothy Donlon 

Directors, 

Edward Kidder; William A. Wright; Stephen D. Wallace; George R. 
French; John A. Taylor. 

WILMINGTON GAS LIGHT COMPANY. 

President Edward Kidder 

Secretary and Treasurer William E-eston 

Superintendent James Darby 

CHURCHES. 
Baptist, (now building) corner of Market and Fifth, Rev. William M. 

Young, Pastor. (Services held at City Hall ) 
Episcopal (St. James) S. E. cor Market and Third; Rev. A. A. Watson, 

Rector. Rev. George Patterson, Assistant Rector. 
Episcopal, (St. John's) N E corner Red Cross and Third Rev R E 

Terry, Rector 
Lutheran, (unfinished) N E corner of Market and Sixth 
Mariner's Church, 13 Dock, Rev J N Andrews, Pastor 



GENERAL DIRECTORY. 187 



Methodist Episcopal, (Front Street) North East cor Front and Walnut, 

Rev. J. H. Dally, Pastor. 
Methodist Episcopal, (Fifth Street) Fifth bt Nun and Church, Rev. J. C. 

Thomas, Pastor. 
Presbyterian, North East cor Third and Orange, Rev. H. L. Singleton, 

Pastor. 
Roman Catholic, (St. Thomas) Dock bt Second and Third, Rev. Dr. 

Corcoran, Priest. 

(For colored persons Churches see Directory.) 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 
City Hall, North East cor Princess and Third 
City Market Building, Market bt Water and Front 
County Court House, Princess bt Second and Third 
County Jail, Princess bt Third and Fourth 
Custom House (U. S.) No. 11 North Water 
Marine Hospital (U. S.) Eighth bt Ann and Nun 
Post Office (U. S.') Custom House Building, 11 North Water 
Wilminofton Theatre, Princess bt Third and Fourth 



SOCIETIES. 

Masonic. 

"WILMINGTON COUNCIL, NO. 4. 
Companions— Alfred Martin, T. I. G. M.; Thos M. Ga-dner, D. G. M. 
H. H. Munson, Cond. of Work; C. M. Van Orsdell, Treasurer; A. Paul 
Repiton, Recorder ; H. Ryttenberg, Captain of Guard ; Thomas B. Carr, 
Cond. of Council; M. M. Katz, Steward; W. J. Price, Sentinel. 

CONCORD CHAPTER, NO. 1. 
Companions — Thomas B. Carr, M. E. H., Priest; Thomas M. Gard- 
her, E. King; E. W.^Ianning, E. Scribe; H. H. Munson, Captain 
Host; C. M. VanOrsdell, Prin. Soj'r. ; William Larkins, R. A. Capt. ; 
M. M. Katz, G. M. 3rd Veil; Thomas H. Johnson, G. M. 2nd Veil; 
E. N. Bell, F. M. 1st Veil ; Jacob Lyon, Treasurer ; A. Paul Repiton, 
Secretary. Rev. A. Paul Repiton, Chaplain ; Companion E. Turlington, 
Tyler. 

8T. John's LODGE, no. 1. 

Thomas M. Gardner, Master ; Thomas II. Johnson, Senior Warden -^ 
Horace H. Munson, Junior Warden ; William M. Murray, Treasurer ; 
23 



188 GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



William M. Poisson, Secretary ; Wm. Larkins, Senior Deacon ; Wm. 
N. Bowden, Junior Deacon; Rev. George Patterson, Chaplain ; E. Tur- 
lington, Tyler ; Oliver Kelley and R. Greenburg, Stewards. 

I. 0. 0. F. 

CAPE FEAR LODGE, NO. 2. 
John J. Conoley, N. G. ; John C. Latta, V. G., R. J. Jones, P. G. . 
William L. Smith, Secretary ; Thomas H. Howey, Treasurer ; Rev. A. 
Paul Repiton, Chaplain ; John C. Wood, Warden ; John Nutt, Conduc- 
tor ; John Griffith, I. G. ; John Sholar, 0. G. ; H. Burkheimer, 
N. G. R. S. ; W. J. Yopp, N. G. L. S. ; Joseph L. Keen, V. G. R. S. ; 
Joseph McLaurin, V. G. L. S. ; F. V. B. Yopp, R. S. S. ; W. J. Price, 
L.S.S. 



WILMINGTON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. 

President, Wm. L. DeRossett ; First "Vice President, Avon 
E. Hall ; Second Vice President, Joseph B. Russell ; Secretary 
and Treasurer, James D. Gumming ; Chairman of Committee 
of Arbitration, George Harriss ; Chairman of Committee of 
Appeals, Wm. L. DeRossett, ex officio. 

Merchant's Exchange, No. 10 South Water St. (up stairs) 

WILMINGTON LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. 
President, Wm. Geo. Thomas ; Vice President, Alfred Mar- 
tin ; Corresponding Secretary, Alfred M. Waddell ; Librarian 
and Recording Secretary, Joshua T. James ; Treasurer, Chas. 

S. Ellis. 

Directors. 

Alfred A. Watson, Geo. Davis, Wm. M. Young, Thos. F. 
Wood, A. H. Van Bokkelen, Wm. L. Smith, Robert Strange. 
Library Hall and Reading Rooms in City Hall Building ; en- 
trance on Third St., cor of Princess. 

CAPE FEAR CLUB. 

Governing Committee. 

President, Guilford L, Dudley ; Vice Presidents, Richard F. 

Langdon and Wm. B. Flanner ; Secretary, Jno. L, Cantwell ; 

Treasurer, Charles S. Ellis. J. C. Walker, John L. Wooster. 

Club Rooms, No. 19 Market, (up stairs) 



QENERAL DIRECTORY. 189 



WILMINGTON LYCEUM. 

President, Wm. H. Kelley ; Vice President, Eugene S. Mar- 
tin ; Secretary, James Sprunt ; Treasurer, D. Y. RusselL 

WILMINGTON SOIREE CLUB. 

President, Matthew P. Taylor ; Vice President, Horatio 
Davis ; Secretary, William Calder ; Treasurer, Robert E. 
Calder. 

Executive Committee. 

Matthew P. Taylor, Chairman, ex officio ; Guilford L. Dud- 
ley ; Eugene S. Martin ; Wilkes Morris ; Henry G. Planner. 

HIBERNIAN ASSOCIATION. 
President, James H, Ryan ; Vice President, P. Egan ; Trea- 
surer, Isaac B. Grainger ; Secretary, James Madden. 

LADIES' MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION. 

President, Mrs. Julia E. Oakley ; Vice President, Mrs. 
Stacy Van Amringe ; Recording Secretary, Miss Belle Williams 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Col. Gaston Meares; Treasurer, 
Miss Lizzie Parsley. 

Managers. 

Mrs. Gen. Whiting, Mrs. Maj. Stevenson, Mrs. Col. C. Davis, 
Mrs. Van Sickle, Mrs. C. A. Fulton, Mrs. Joseph B. Russell. 



PORT GOVERNMENT. 



COMMISSIONERS OF NAVIGATION. 
Chairman, Phineas W. Fanning. Eli Murray, Wm. B. 
Flanner, Wm. S. Anderson, Wm. M. Harriss, Clerk and 
Treasurer, Thomas H. Howey ; Harbor Master, W. Burk- 
heimer ; Port Physician, Dr. Joshua C. Walker ; Port Ward- 
ens, George Harris, S. N. Martin, W. B. Whitehead ; Ex- 
amining Committee, A. M. Guthrie, J. A. S. Price, C. Morse 



190 GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



COUNTY GOVERNMENT. 

Sheriff, Samuel R. Bunting ; Register, George W. Pollock ; 

Senior Coroner, John C. Wood ; Junior Coroner, Daniel P. 

Bland; Entry Taker, John J. Conoley ; Standard Keeper, 

John C. Wood ; County Surveyors, John Moore and James W. 

Williams ; Wreck Master, John A. Saunders ; County Trustee, 

Owen Fennell, Jr. 

COURTS. 

Superior Court Clerk, Horace A. Bagg ; Clerk and Master 
in Equity, Fred. D. Poisson ; Chairman County Court, Wil- 
liam A. Wright ; County Solicitor, John L, Holmes ; County 
Court Clerk, Robert B, Wood, Jr. ; Special Magistrate, John 
J. Conoley ; Members of Special Court, Stephen D. Wallace, 
John A. Taylor, Wm. S. Larkins, John A. Saunders, John 

D. Powers. 

Time of Holding Courts. 

Superior Court is held on the 4th Monday in March and Sep- 
tember. 

Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions is held on the 2d Mon- 
day in March, June, September and December. 

Special Magistrate's Court is held daily (Sundays excepted), 
at 10 o'clock, A. M. 

INSPECTORS. 

Timber and Lumber. 

E. Turlington, W. M. Munroe, James Alderman, L. H. 
Bowden, George McDuffie, H. M. Bishop. 

Naval Stores. 

John S. James, Wm. J. Price, Alfred Alderman, Thomas 
W. Player, Boney Southerland, James 0. Bowden, John C. 
Bowden, John M. Henderson, Robert C. Johnson. 

Provisions. 

David E. Bunting, John W. Munroe, George Alderman. 

CONSTABLES. 
R. Langdon Sellers, James Philyaw, John C. Millis, Nicho- 
las Carr. 



GENERAL DIRECTORY. 191 



STATE GOVERNMENT. 



Governor Jonatlian Worth. 

Private Secretary to Governor Wm. H. Bagley. 

Secretary of State Eobert W. Best. 

Treasurer Kemp P. Battle. 

Chief Clerk to Treasurer Donald W. Bain. 

Comptroller Curtis H. Brogden. 

State Geologist Washington C. Kerr. 

State Printer W. E. Pell. 

State Librarian 0. H. Perry. 

Superintendent of Public Buildings Ptobert H. Bradley. 

Supreme Court. 

Chief Justice R. M. Pearson. 

W. H. Battle. 



Associate Justices ct?i • n t5 i 

Jiidwm G. Pieade. 

Attorney General Sion H. Rogers. 

Reporter , S.F.Philips. 

Clerk. Edmund B. Freeman. 

Marshal James Litchfield. 

Held at Raleigh semi-annually on the second Monday in 

June and second Monday in December. 

Judges of the Superior Courts. 

First Circuit David A. Barnes. 

Second Circuit E. J. Warren. 

Third Circuit Daniel G. Fowle. 

Fourth Circuit Robert P. Gilliam. 

Fifth Circuit Ralph P. Buxton. 

Sixth Circuit Anderson Mitchell. 

Seventh Circuit Wm. M. Shipp. 

Eighth Circuit A. S. Merrimon. 

Solicitors. 

First Circuit Mills L. Eure. 

Second Circut W. T. Faircloth. 

Third Circuit , Sion H. Rogers. 

Fourth Circuit Thomas Settle. 



192 GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



Fiftli Circuit Neill McKay. 

Sixth Circuit W. P. Caldwell. 

Seventh Circuit ,Wm. P. Bynum. 

Eighth Circuit David Coleman. 

MEMBERS ELECT TO U. S. CONGRESS. 

Senate. 

Wm. A. Graham, of Orange. M. E. Manley, of Craven. 

House of Representatives. 
First District Jesse R. Stubhs, of Martin. 

Comprised of Currituck, Camden, Pasquotank, Perquimans, 
Gates, Chowan, Hertford, Northampton, Halifax, Martin, 
Bertie, Washington, Tyrell, Hyde and Beaufort Counties. 

Second District Charles C. Clark, of Craven. 

Comprised of Pitt, Craven, Jones, Lenoir, Wayne, Greene, 
Edgecombe, Wilson, Onslow, Carteret, Duplin and New 
Hanover Counties. 

Third District Thomas C. Fuller, of Cumberland. 

Comprised of Brunswick, Columbus, Bladen, Sampson, 
Cumberland, Robeson, Richmond, Harnett, Moore, Mont- 
gomery, Anson and Stanley Counties. 

Fourth District Josiah Turner, Jr., of Orange. 

Comprised of Wake, Franklin, Warren, Granville, Orange, 
Nash, Johnston and Chatham Counties. 

Fifth District Lewis Hanes, of Davidson. 

Comprised of Alamance, Randolph, Guilford, Rockingham, 
Davidson, Forsyth, Stokes, Surry, Person and Caswell 
Counties. 

Sixth District Samuel H. Walkup, of Union. 

Comprised of Rowan, Cabarrus, Union. Mecklenburg, 
Gaston, Lincoln, Catawba, Iredell, Davie, Yadkin, Wilkes 
and Alexander Counties. 



GENEBAL DIRECTORY. 193 



Seventh District A. H. Jones of Henderson. 

Comprised of Ashe, Alleghany, Watauga, Yancey, Mitchell, 
McDowell, Burke, Caldwell, Rutherford, Cleaveland, Polk, 
Henderson, Transylvania, Buncomhe, Madison, Haywood, 
Jackson, Macon, Cherokee and Clay Counties. 

PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. 

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Orange County. 

Hon. David L. Swain President. 

North Carolina Institution for the Education of the Deaf 
AND Dumb, and the Blind, Baleigh. 

Board of Directors. 

Dr. William H. McKee, President ; Samuel H. Young, Treas- 
urer ; Messrs. W. W. Vass, Quentin Busbee, John C. Palmer, 
John R. Williams, and Rufus Tucker. 

Officers. 

Willie J. Palmer, A. M., Principal ; James M. Leach, Vice 
Principal and Steward; W, J. Young, Teacher in Blind De- 
partment ; John Simpson and Miss N, J. Dupree, Assistant 
Teachers in Blind Department ; Mrs. S. E. Young, Teacher of 
Music ; C. M. Grow and Mrs. L. E. Grow, Teachers in Deaf 
Mute Department ; Miss Kate H. Rice, Housekeeper; Mrs. E. 
A. Gorman, Matron. 

Insane Asylum of North Carolina, Raleigh. 

Dr. E. C. Fisher, Superintendent ; Dr. F. T. Fuller, Assist- 
ant Physician ; R. K. Ferrell, Steward ; Mrs. Kate Dunlop, 

Matron. 

Board of Supervisors. 

His Excellency, Jonathan Worth, Chairman ; Hon. Thos. 
Bragg, Geo. W. Mordecai, T. H. Selby, Chas. Dewy, Esqs., 
and E. Burke Haywood, M. D,, Wm. E. Anderson, Treasurer 
of Board. 



194 



GENERAL DIRECTORY . 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



President > ., Andrew Johnson of Tennesee 

Secretary of State William H. Seward of New York 

Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCuUoch of Illinois 

Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton of Pennsylvania 

Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles of Connecticut 

Secretary of the Interior Oliver H. Browning of Indiana 

Attorney General.... A. H. Stansbury of Ohio 

Postmaster General A. W. Randall of Wisconsin 

Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase of Ohio 

Judge of the U. S. District Court for N. C Geo. W. Brooks 

Attorney " '' '' '' •. D. H. Starbuck 

Marshal '' " " " Daniel R. Goodloe 

Deputy Marshal " " at Wilmington, J. H. Neflf 

Collector of Customs ^' James P. Foster 

Deputy Collector " Thos. M. Gardner 

Weigher and Guager " Thos. B. Smith 

C E. R. Brink 
Inspectors of Customs " < Charles Lewis 

( Charles Taylor 

Postmaster at Wilmington, J. D. Poisson 

Collector Internal Revenue at Wilmington, L. G. Estes 

Assessor " " " D. Rumley 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



MERCHANT'S N. C. EXPRESS GUIDE. 

Giving the names of all Express Stations in North Carolina, 
Compiled expressly for Smaio's Wilmington Directory. 

Battleboro, Edgecombe county ; W. & W. R, R., So. Express 
Boon Hill, Johnston county ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Brevard's Station , N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Catawba Station, Catawba County ; W. N. C. R. R., So. Ex- 
press 



GENERAL DIRECTORY. 195 



Clierryville ; W. C. & E. R. R., So. Express 

Charlotte, Mecklenburg county; N. C. R R., So. Express. 

T. D. Gillespie, Agent 
Cliina G-rove, Rowan county ; N. O. R. R., So. Express 
Company Shops, Alamance county ; N, C. R. R., So. Express 
Concord, Cabarras county ; N, C. R. R., So. Express 
Durhams, Orange county ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Enfield, Halifax county ; W. & W. R. R., So. Express 
Fair Bluff, Columbus county, W. & M. R. R., So. Express 
Forestville, Wake county ; R. & G. R. R,, So. Express 
Franklinton, Franklin county ; R. & G-. R. R., So. Express 
Gaston, Halifax county ; R. & G. R. R., So; Express 
Gibson ville ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Goldsboro, Wayne county; W. & W. R. R., So. Express. 

J. W. Henry, Agent 
Graham, Alamance county; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Greensboro, Guilford county; N. C. R. R., So. Express. R. 

M. Sloan, Agent 
Halifax, Halifax county ; W. & W. R. R,, So. Express 
Harrisburg, Cabarras county ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Haw River, Alamance county ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Henderson, Granville county; R. & G. R. R., So. Express 
Hickory Tavern, Catawba county ; W. N, C. R. R., So. Exp. 
High Point, Guilford county ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Hillsboro, Orange county ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Holtsburg, Davidson county ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Jamestown, Guilford county ; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Joyners, Wilson county ; W. & W. R. R., So. Express 
Kinston, Lenoir county ; A. &. N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Kittrells, Granville county ; R. & G. R. R., So. Express 
Lexington, Davidson county; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Lincolnton, Lincoln county ; W. C. & R. R. R., So. Express 
Littleton, Halifax county; R, & G. R. R,, So. Express 
Macon, Warren county; R. & G. R. R., So. Express 
Magnolia, Duplin county; W. & W. R. R., So. Express 
Mebanesville, Alamance county; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Morehead City, Carteret county; A. & N. C. R. R., So. Express 

Morganton, W. N. C. R. R., So. Express 

24 



196 GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



Morrisville, Wake county; N. 0. R. R., So. Express 
Mosely Hall, Lenoir county; A. & N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Mount Olive, Wayne county; W. & W. R. R., So. Express 
Newborn, Craven county; A. & N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Newton, Catawba county; W. N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Raleigh, Wake county; N. C. R. R., So. Express 
Reidsville, Rockingham county; Piedmont R. R., So. Express 
Ridgeway, Warren county; R. & G. R. R,, So. Express 
Rocky Mount, Edgecombe county; W. & W. R. R. So. Express 
Salisbury, Rowan county; N.C.R. R.,So. Exp. H.O.Long, Agt. 
Seaboard, Northampton county; S. & R. R. R., So. Express 
Smithfield, Johnston county; N. 0. R. R., So. Express 
Statesville, Iredell county; N. 0. R. R., So. Express 

Stallings, N. 0. R. R., So. Express 

Tarboro, Edgecombe county; W. & W. R. R., So. Express 
Third Creek Station, Iredell county; N. 0. R. R., So. Express 
Thomasville, Davidson county; N. 0. R. R., So. Express 
Warrenton, Warren county; R. & Gr. R. R., So. Express 
Warsaw, Duplin county; W. & W. R. R., So. Express 
Weldon, Halifax county; W. & W. R. R., So. Express, W. D. 

Whitfield, Agent 
Wentworth, Rockingham county; Piedmont R. R.^So. Express 
Whiteville, Columbus county; W. & M. R. R,, So. Express 
Wilson, Wilson county; W. & W. R. R., So. Express 
Wilmington, New Hanover county; W. & W. R. R., So. Ex- 
press, James Macomber, Agent 



^@l#^l)@i@Mt& ^ WmMi 



WHOLESALE DEALERS IN 




No. 62 South Gay Street, 



i 



GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



197 



ISTE^V TIDE TA.BLE. 

Ascertain from the Calendar the time the Moon is South, and by adding thereto the 
hours and minutes in the following table, you will have the time of high water at 
all the places named below ; also the rise of water in feet. 



Ilrs. and 
MiH. 



Feet, 



Ilrs. and 
Min. 



Feet. 



Albany, N. Y 

Amboy, N. J 

Baltimore 

Bay of Fundy 

Blue Hill Bay 

Boston 

Bridgeport, Ct 

Brunswick, N. J 

Campo Bello 

Cape Ann 

Cape Cod 

Cape Fear 

Cape Hatteras 

Cape Henlopen 

Cape Henry 

Castine, Me 

Charleston 

Eastport, Me 

Egg Harbor, Great... 
Egg Harbor, Little.. 

Elizabeth Point 

Fairfield, Conn 

Guildford, Conn 

Halifax, N. S 

Hampton, N. H 

Hampton Roads 

Hartford, Conn 



3 30 

8 15 
6 33 

12 00 

11 00 

11 27 

11 11 

9 5 
11 60 
11 30 
11 30 



19 

1 

45 

51 



11 00 



26 
30 



9 34 

10 3 

8 5*7 

10 58 

10 28 
r 30 

11 15 

8 17 

9 25 



1 

5 

1 

60 

12 

10 

6 

5 

25 

11 

6 

4 

5 

5 

6 

12 

5 

15 

5 

5 

5 

6 

5 

9 

12 

3 



Hell Gate 

Huntington, L. I... 
Islip, L. I. 

Jamaica Bay 

Kenncbunk, Me 

Kingston, N. Y 

Lubec 

Marblehead 

Martha's Vineyard. 

Montauk Poi7it 

Mount Desert 

Nantucket 

Narrows, N. Y 

New Bedford 

New Haven 

New London 

Newport 

Neiv York 

Norwalk, Conn 

Norwich 

PJiiladelphia 

Portland 

^Portsmouth, N. II.. 

Providence 

Sag Harbor 

Sandy Hook 

St. John's 



9 


35 


11 


30 


8 


G 


8 





11 


15 


2 


30 


11 


30 


11 


30 


7 


37 


8 


20 


11 


2 


12 


24 


8 


2 


Y 


57 


11 


16 


9 


28 


7 


45 


8 


13 


10 


54 


10 


56 


1 


18 


11 


25 


11 


23 


8 


25 


9 


52 


7 


29 


12 


00 



6 

5 

6 

5 

13 

2 

26 

10 

2 
25 
3 
6 
3 
5 
2 
3 
4 



6 

8 8 

8 6 
5 

4 8 
30 



The actual rise of the Tides depends on the strength and direction of the Wind, 
and it not unfrequently happens that a Tide which would, independently of these, 
have been small, is higher than another, otherwise much greater. But when a Tide 
which arrives when the Sun and Moon are in a favorable position for producing a 
great elevation, is still further increased by a very strong wind, the rise of the 
water will be uncommonly great, sufficient, perhaps, to cause damage. 

The above is corrected from the latest reports of the Superintendent of the United 
States Coast Survey. But only those ports or places as are indicated by Italics are 
thus corrected. The others remain as they have been for a long time, and are sup- 
posed to be nearly correct. 



198 GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



IIA.TES OF' I^OSTA,aE. 

DOMESTIC. 

All Transient Matter, except duly certified letters of Soldiers 
and Sailors, must he prepaid by stamps. 

No package will be forwarded whicb weighs over four pounds' 
except books published or circulated by order of Congress. 

Valuable Letters may be registered by the payment of a 
registration fee of 20 cents. 

On all letters throughout the United States, 3 cents for each 
half ounce or fraction thereof. 

Drop or Local Letters, 2 cents for each half ounce or fraction 
thereof; no carrier's fee for delivery. 

Printed Books, in one package, to one address, 4 cents for 
each 4 ounces or fraction thereof. 

Circulars, unsealed, not exceeding three in number, to one 
address, 2 cents ; the same rate for every three or less number 
additional. 

On all Transient Newspapers or other Printed Matter, (Books 
and Circulars excepted,) and on all Seeds, Cuttings, &c., Pam- 
phlets, BookMSS. and Proof Sheets,, Maps, Engravings, Blanks, 
Patterns, Envelopes and Photographs, contained in one pack- 
age, to one address, 2 cents for each 4 ounces or fraction thereof. 

On all matter not above specified, same rate as letters. 

FOREIGN. 

On Letters to Great Britain and Ireland, single rate 24 cts. 
Prepayment optional. 

To the German States, by Prussian Closed Mail, single rate, 
30 cents ; prepaid, 28 cents. 

On the above the ratings are half ounce or fraction, one rate; 
over half ounce^ but not over one ounce, two rates; and two 
rates for each additional ounce or fraction of an ounce. 

To France, 15 cents for each quarter ounce or fraction thereof. 

To Canada and New Brunswick, 10 cents per half ounce, any 
distance. Prepayment optional. 

To other British North American Provinces, not over 3,000 
miles, 10 cents per half ounce; over 3,000 miles, 15 cents per 
half ounce. Prepayment optional, except to Newfoundland. 



GENERAL DIRECTORY. 



199 



Mercantile Almanac for 1867. 





as 

■< 

D 




a 
« 


►4 

S 




H 
O 




o 




P5 

H 
H 


M 
O 
H 


a 
o 


0$ 

o 


l-H 


•-3 


P=< 


s 


< 


^ 


>-i 


"-n 


<1 


m 


O 


!z; 


o 


1 


1 


32 


60 


91 


121 


152 


182 


213 


S 


274 


305 


S 


2 


2 


33 


61 


92 


122 


S 


183 


214 


245 


275 


306 


336 


3 


3 


S 


S 


93 


123 


154 


184 


215 


246 


276 


S 


337 


4 


4 


35 


63 


94 


124 


155 


185 


S 


247 


277 


308 


338 


5 


5 


36 


64 


95 


S 


156 


186 


217 


248 


278 


309 


339 


6 


S 


37 


65 


96 


126 


157 


187 


218 


249 


S 


310 


340 


7 


7 


38 


66 


S 


127 


158 


S 


219 


250 


280 


311 


341 


8 


8 


39 


67 


98 


128 


159 


189 


220 


S 


281 


312 


S 


9 


9 


40 


68 


99 


129 


S 


190 


221 


252 


282 


313 


343 


10 


10 


S 


S 


loo 


130 


161 


191 


222 


253 


283 


S 


344 


11 


11 


42 


70 j 


101 


131 


162 


192 


S 


254 


284 


315 


345 


12 


12 


43 


71 


102 


S 


163 


193 


224 


255 


285 


316 


340 


13 


S 


. 44 


72 


103 


133 


164 


194 


225 


256 


S 


317 


347 


14 


14 


45 


73 


S 


134 


165 


S 


226 


257 


287 


318 


348 


15 


15 


46 


74- 


105 


135 


166 


196 


227 


S 


288 


319 


S 


16 


16 


47 


75 


106 


136 


S 


197 


228 


259 


289 


320 


350 


17 


17 


S 


S 


107 


137 


168 


198 


229 


260 


290 


S 


351 


18 


18 


49 


77 


108 


138 


169 


199 


S 


261 


291 


322 


•352 


19 


19 


50 


78 


109 


S 


170 


200 


231 


262 


292 


323 


353 


20 


S 


51 


79 


110 


140 


171 


201 


232 


2G3 


S 


324 


354 


21 


21 


52 


80 


S 


141 


172 


S 


233 


2G4 


294 


325 


355 


22 


22 


53 


81 


112 


142 


173 


203 


234 


S 


295 


326 


S 


23 


23 


54 


82 


113 


143 


S 


204 


235 


266 


296 


327 


357 


24 


24 


S 


S 


114 


144 


175 


205 


236 


267 


297 


S 


358 


25 


25 


56 


84 


115 


145 


176 


206 


S 


268 


298 


329 


359 


26 


26 


57 


85 


116 


S 


177 


207 


238 


269 


299 


330 


360 


27 


S 


58 


86 


117 


147 


178 


208 


239 


270 


S 


331 


361 


28 


28 


59 


87 


S 


148 


179 


S 


240 


271 


301 


332 


362 


29 


29 




88 


119 


149 


180 


210 


241 


S 


302 


333 


S 


30 


30 




89 


120 


150 


S 


211 


242 


273 


303 


334 


364 


31 


31 




S 




151 




212 


243 




304 




365 



The letter S denotes the Sundays in each month. 

The above note is convenient for finding the maturity of bills or notes. 
The Indez represents the days of the month, and the opposite columns 
give the days of the year represented by such days of the month. For 
example: — A note of 00 days, dated January 10th, being the 10th day 
of the year, as is seen in the January column on a line with January in 
the Index, by the addition of 63 (including three days of grace) shows 
the note falls due on the 73d day of the year, which will be found, on 
reference to the month and the Index, to be Thursday, the 14th day of 
March. 



200 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



BURTON & IRVING, 

168 Baltimore St., Baltimore, 

Respectfully solicit attention to their 

Whicli they make to order, guaranteeing satisfaction in fit and 
material. Gentlemen desiring something sui^erior in this line 
will do well to order from us, sending their measure, or write 
to us for a formula, by which the mode of taking measure may 
be learned. 

OUR FURNISHING GOODS DEPARTMENT 

EMBRACES 

eiMTLElEM^S UMDEEWME 

Ilff EVERY VARIETY^ 

And has connected with it a 




Unsurpassed in its completeness by any establishment in the 
country. Customers may thus obtain from us 

.A. oo:m::pi_.ete otjtih'it 

Of wearing apparel at reasonable prices, and at considerable 

XZconomy of Time and Troublei 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



201 



Dr. R. "Wilson Oark, 

Of Baltimore. 



Dr. Thos. J. BoYKiN, 

Of North Carolina. 



Jno. B. Carr, 
Of Baltimore. 



CARR, BOYKIN & CO., 

IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN 

Drip, Msdiciiiis, M\it 



Spices, Perfumery and Patent Medicines, 

No. 44 ZmIGHT STRBEET^ 

(corner op balderston,) 

mm 



T. J. Williams. 



F. W. Williams. 



W. J. Potter. 



WILLIAMS, POTTER & CO., 



and wholesale and retail dealers IK 

SHOES, HATS, CROCKERY, 

AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE. 

Iffo. 124 Market Street, 



202 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



COMMISSION MERCHANT, 

No. 154 FRONT STREET, 



Personal attention given to the sale of Cotton, Naval Stores, ''• 

and Southern Produce generally. 

Liberal advancements made on consignments when desired. 

All consignments to my address are insured from point of 
shipment, whether advice of shipment is received or not. J 

WM. LARKINS, 

DEALER IN 

GROCERIEIS, 

PROVISIONS, 

«Mi, yswti i Willi 

No. 126 MARKET STREET, 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 203 



MALLETT & HOFFMAN, 



iqi ||TO IKI i^Wfi^ 'It 



oJi 



No. 105 North Water Street, 

Liberal advances made on consignments of Cotton, Naval 
Stores, Lumber, &c. 

Consignments of Produce of all kinds solicited. Orders 
promptly filled. 



WM. H. WELSH, JOHN W. WELSH, CHAS. E. WELSH. 

VnVE. "WELSH & SONS, 

IMPORTERS OF AND 

iali)i^i la ©t®a 



Foreign and Domestic Leaf and Manufactured 

No. 27 S. Gay Street, 

(opposite custom house,) 

BAIiTIMORS^ Md. 



204 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 






WHOLESALE DEALER IN 

I 




I. m f 






GENERAL MERCHANDISE, 

COMMISSION MD FORWARDIiG MERCHANT, 

And Agent for the sale of Emery's Cotton Gin and Condenser; also for 
Marvin & Go's. Fire and Burglar Proof Safes. 

lii ^ai lit m%^m Wmm lli©©t, 

REFERS TO — Jesse H. Lindsay, Esq., Cashier Bank Cape Fear, Greeisboro, 
N. C; Rev. C. H. Wiley, Superintendent Public Schools for North Caro- 
lina; .Messrs. James Corner & Sons, Baltimore; Messrs. Dowley, Corner & 
Co., New York. 



JAMES A. WILLARD, 

(^Formerly Willard & Citrtis,^ 

GENERAL COMMISSION 



AND 



Forwarding Mercliaiit^ 



111 yf'i/^' 



AND AGENT FOR THE 



J^ll 



I, 



OFHARTFORD, CONN. 

No. 125 and 127 North Water St., 
AVILMIISraTON, N. o. 

Will give personal attention to the sale of Produce and Merchandise. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



205 



ZENO H. GREENE, 




ISTo. 7 ISToi-th. "W^ater Street, 



Con.sigiiments of Produce for sale or shipment will 
receive prompt and personal attention. Orders for Goods 
will be filled on the most iavorable Cash terms. 



HENHY R. PERRIN, 



DEALER IN 

[IRIHfllWiRl 

CHINA, 




AND 



ma ^ wt*. 

UNO HOUSE 



STON[WAR[ 

LEHT, 



ARTICLES, 



ISTo. 105 Market Street' 



THIS STJISr 



mil 



ESTABLiISHMESnT^ 




S. E. Corner of Baltimore and South. Streets, 

Is prepared to execute in enperior style every description of 

FMIl All OIIA.MIIXAI1 FBIlflie 

At tbe shortest notice and on the most reasonable terms for CASH. 



And every other variety of Commercial Printing are executed in a manner that can 
not be surpassed, and at rates that will not fail to please. 

THE FIR,E-FLY^ CARD PK,ESS, 

The only one in the State, is in constant operation, and cuts, counts and prints 10,000 

Cards per hour. 



Particular attention paid to the printing of all work required by 

Railroad and Steamboat Companies 



AND 



^mp, f lain mA MoxtA ^o^tm, 

PKOGEAMMES, BILLS, &c. 
Wq>^ Tfe©atp©Sj ©lir©y)s©St ©©ee©ptt audi lxStRfelt?@R)§B 



DIRECTORY 



OF 



COLORED PERSONS. 



The folloiving is a Directory of the principal portion of the Col- 
ored population of the city, engaged in business. 



A. 

Alderman John, Engineer, Hart & Bailey, r Seventh bt Bladen 

and Harnet 
Alston Mack, Shoemaker, cor Fourth and Red Cross, r same 
ANDERSON, The Baggage Man, Head Quarters at Hedrick & 

Ryan's, No. *J N. Front^ r Front bt Walnut and Red Cross, 

in rear of B. Planner's 
Arant Wesley, Carpenter, r Nun bt Front and Second 
ARTIS ELVIN, Hair Dressing & Shaving_ Saloon, Nos. 9& 11 

North Front, r cor Seventh and Brunswick 
Ashley S. S., Superintendent of Free Schools, r cor Front & Nun 
Ashe Elsy, r Eighth bt Princess and Chesnut 

B. 

Baptist Church, Walnut bt Fourth and Fifth 

Berry Robert, Mechanic, W. & W. R. R. r Sixth bt Red Cross 

and Campbell 
Berry John, r Ninth bt Princess and Chesnut 
Boon Bennett, Well Diggnr, r Sixth bt Bladen and Harnet 
25 



208 SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 



Bradley William, Painter, r Red Cross bt Sixth and Seventh 
Brown Mercury, Brick Mason, r Fourth bt Nun and Church 
Brown Fred,, Grrocer, Bladen bt Fourth and Fifth, r same 
/ j^rown Robert H., Grocer, 12 and 14 Dock, r Brunswick 
bt Sixth and Seventh 

c. 

Churchwell Peter, Shoemaker, Seventh bt Chesnut and 
Mulberry r same 

Cooper Ezekiel, Drayman, r Market bt Seventh and Eighth 
^ Cowan John, Butcher, r cor Ninth and Walnut 

Cowan Kate, School Teacher, r cor Second and Mulberry 
Cutlar William, Carpenter, r Fourth bt Ann and Nun 

D. 

Dawson Alonza, Blacksmith, Nut bt Walnut and Red Cross. 
Denton Allen, Cook, Brock's Exchange, r Eighth bt Bladen 

and Harnet 
Dickson Edward, Cooper, r Fifth bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Dickson Jane, Washerwoman 

E. 

Eagles Nancy, Huckster, Market House, r Ninth bt Princess 

and Chesnut 
Episcopal Church (St. Pauls) cor Orange and Fourth 
Erambert Ben, Blacksmith, r Seventh bt Brunswick and Bladen 
EVANS ALLEN, Grroceries and Provisions, 117 Market, r bt 

Chesnut and Mulberry 

Finney Robert, Carpenter, r cor Seventh and Bladen 

Finney William, Brick Mason, r Brunswick bt Second and 

Third 
Forbes James, Distiller, r Nutt bt Walnut and Red Cross 

G. 

G-reen Washington, Carpenter, r McRae bt Mulberry and 

Walnut 
Green James W., Wheelwright, r Fourth bt Nun and Church 
Green Henry, Brick Mason, r Fifth bt Nun and Church 



SMAW'S WILMINOTON DIRECTORY. 209 



H. 

Hall Kichard, Carpenter, r Bladen bt Second and Third 
Hankins Hiram, Cooper, r Wooster bt Sixth and Seventh 
Har grave Alfred, Blacksmith, Market bt Seventh and Eighth, 
N r Princess bt Eighth and Ninth 
Hayes Simon, Carpenter, r Third bt Hanover and Brunswick 
Hill Edward, Brick Mason, r Norwood Alley, bt Fifth & Sixth 
Hill John, Carpenter, r Brunswick bt Fifth and Sixth 
Holmes Duncan, Wheelwright, r Sixth bt Brunswick and 

Bladen 
Holmes William, Wagoner, r cor Sixth and Bladen 
Holmes Mary, Washer Woman, r Mulberry bt Fourth & Fifth 
Hostler George, Shaving Saloon, No. 116 Blarket, r cor 
\ Fifth and Walnut 

Howard William, Ship Carpenter, r Eighth bt Chesnut and 
. Mulberry 

)( Howard Miles, Barber, Sylvester Wilson, bds same 
/Howe Alfred, Contractor and Builder, r cor Third and Queen 
" Howe Anthony, Carpenter, r Queen bt Third and Fourth 

J. 

Jackson Robert J., Driver, J. W. Lippitt, 21 Princess, r Third 

bt Brunswick and Bladen 
Jackson George, Carpenter, r cor Walnut and Second 
Jackson George, Carpenter, r Fourth bt Mulberry and Walnut 

y James Jefferson, Shoemaker, cor Second and Chesnut, r Sixth 

yN bt Walnut and Red Cross 

Johnson John F., Musician, r Fourth bt Ann and Nun 
Johnson Frank, Musician, r Seventh btRed Cross and Campbell 
Jones William, Drayman, r Sixth bt Mulberry and Walnut 

J Jones John B., Shoemaker, Nutt bt Bladen and Harnet, rsame 

/\ 

K. 

Kellogg Aaron, Carpenter, Sixth bt Walnut and Red Cross 
Kellogg John, Carpenter, r cor Walnut and Dickinson 
Kellogg John, Carpenter, r cor Front and Castle 
King James C, Barber, Elvin Artis, bds same 



\ 



L. 

Lane Elijah, Clerk, Allen Evans, r cor Fourth and Brunswick 
Larrington Prince, Barber, 6 South Front, r Fourth bt Nun 
and Church 



210 SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 



Larrington Benjamin, Barber, 132 Market, r Fourth bt Nun 

and Churcli 
Larrington Simon, Barber, with Benjamin Larrington, bdssame 

M. 

Mabson George L., Painter, r Fifth bt Hanover and Brunswick 

Mallett Charles, Carpenter, r cor Third and Walnut 

Mallett William, Drayman, r Third bt Mulberry and Walnut 

Martin Thomas, Cooper, r cor Sixth and Eed Cross 

Martin Henry, Barber, Benjamin Larrington 

Mason Eichard, Barber, Elvin Artis, bds same 

McKenzie Thomas, Carpenter, r McEae bt Mulberry and Walnut 

Mctarland John, Brick Mason, r Eed Cross bt Sixth and 

Seventh 
Merrick Samuel, Brick Mason, r McEae bt Mulberry and 

Walnut 
Miller Elijah, Grocer, cor Fourth and Hanover r same 
Miller William, Cooper, r Sixth bt Walnut and Eed Cross 
Miller Edgar, Waiter, r cor Sixth and Bladen 
Mitchell James, Barber, 7 Nutt, r same 
^ Mitchell Joseph, Drayman, r Ann bt Third and Fourth 
Moore Joshua, Distiller, r Castle bt Fourth and Fifth 
Moore George, Carpenter, r Fifth bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Moore William Painter, bds George Moore. 
Morris William, Laborer, r Princess bt Eleventh and Twelfth 

N. 

Nash Solomon, Carpenter, r Walnut bt Second and Third 
Nash Charles, Carpenter, r cor Fifth and Brunswick 
Nash James, Carpenter, r cor Seventh and Brunswick 

o. 

Owen David, Blacksmith, r cor Seventh and Walnut 

P. 

Parker Henry, Shoemaker, cor Front and Nun, r same 

Payne Festus, Barber, with George Hostler 

Payne Thomas, Carpenter, r cor Sixth and Bladen 

Payne Samuel, Carpenter, r cor Fifth and Ann 

Payne Francis, Carpenter, r Walnut bt Third and Fourth 

Pearson John, Mechanic, r Chesnut bt Ninth and Tenth 



/ 



BMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 211 



Purnell Allen, Brick Maker, r Princess bt Eleventli and 

Twelfth 
Presbyterian Chapel, Chesnut bt Seventh and Eighth 

R. 

KatclifFe James, Barber, with Prince Larrington, r Eighth bt 

Wooster and Dawson 
Reid Samuel, Brick Mason, r cor Fifth and Brunswick 
Eeid Edward, Barber, City Hotel, r cor Tenth and Wooster 
Richardson James, Tinner, Aaron H. Neff, r Third bt Ann 

and Nun 
RIVERA THOMAS, Groceries and Provisions, 22 N. Front, 

r Mulberry bt Fourth and Fifth 
Robinson Edward, Painter, r Mulberry bt Sixth and Seventh 
Robinson Evans, Shoemaker, Walnut bt Fourth and Fifth, r 

same 
Robinson George W. Shoemaker, Princessbt Third and Fourth, 

r Fourth bt Brunswick and Bladen 
Rourk Gamalia, Dyer, r Fifth bt Mulberry and Walnut 

s. 

Sampson Cornelius, Preacher, r Anderson bt Chesnut and 
Mulberry 
/ Sampson Aaron, Carpenter, r Red Cross bt Sixth and Seventh 
V^Shaw Benjamin, Grocer, cor Hanover and Fourth, r same 
/ Shaw James, Carpenter, r Princess bt Eleventh and Twelfth 
Smith Daniel M., Carpenter, r Sixth bt Brunswick and Bladen 
Smith Robert, Wheelwright, r cor Sixth and Brunswick 
Spicer Isaac, Blacksmith, W. & M, R. R. r cor Front & Meares 
Stately Benjamin, Carpenter, r cor Sixth and Brunswick 
Stewart Painter r Third bt Brunswick and Bladen 

T. 

Taylor Henry, Grocer, Nutt bt Walnut and Red Cross, r same 
Taylor James, Shoemaker, J. G. Voss, bds Chesnut bt Second 

V I and Third 

NLrhomas Washington, Physician, r cor Sixth and Bladen 

Tucker William, Grocer, Fifth bt Brunswick and Bladen, r 

same 
Tucker Henry, Carpenter, r McRae bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Turner Henry, Drayman, r Sixth bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Tyler William, Carpenter, r cor Seventh and Walnut 



212 



SMAW'S WILMINGTON DIRECTORY. 



w. 

Waddell Jolin, Brick Mason, r Third bt Castle and Churcli 
Walker John, Carpenter, r Fourth bt Mulberry and Walnut 
Walker Hector, Cooper, r Surry bt Queen and Wooster 
L/Watters Scipio, Grocer, Sixth bt Hanover and Brunswick, r same 
''"'< Watters Eichard, Blacksmith, r Sixth bt Brunswick & Bladen 
Williams John, Mechanic, Clarendon Iron Works, r cor Third 

and Chesnut 
Wilson Sylvester, Barber, r cor Second, and Chesnut 
Wright John H., Clerk, Robert H. Brown, r Orange bt Second 

and Third 



MEMBEES OF FIEE ENGINE COMPANY No. 1. 
Engine House, Third Street, opposite City Hall. 



Foreman S. W. Nash 

First Assistant Foreman , J. H. Howe 

Second Assistant Foreman Marcus Johnson 

Secretary J. H. Wright 

Assistant Secretary J. W. Nash 



Artis Champ 
Ashe Edward 
Ashe Joseph A. 
Bird Kinyon 
Bradley Henry 
Bradley Peter 
Bradley William 
Brewington Henry 
Brown Alex. 
Brown Thomas 
Brown David 
Brownell Thomas 
Burnett John 
Cowan William 
Currie Eli 
Davis Abraham 
Davis John 
Davis George 
Davis J. D. 
Devane Ward 



FIEEMEN. 

Johnson William 
Johnson Dover 
Johnson John F. 
Johnson George W. 
Jones Abraham 
Jones James 
Jones Isaac 
Jordan Alfred 
Lewis William 
Lewis James 
Lewis John 
Lowery James 
Mallet Charles 
Manuel Frank 
Martin Young 
McNeill Washington 
McKenzie Sidney 
McKenzie Abraham 
Mitchell Nathan 
Moore Thomas 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 



213 







Dickinson John 
Dry James 
Dry John 
Foy William 
Gause Samuel 
Gause Josiah 
Green James 
Green Richard 
Guyer George W. 
Haines Austin 
Hall Fred. 
Hall Thomas 
Harriss Robert 
Harriss James H. 
Holland Joshua 
Howard Washington 
Howard Edward 
Howe Valentine 
Howe John P. 
Huggins Benjamin 
Hunter John W. 



Moore Robert 
Nash John 
Nash Charles 
Nixon John 
Payne J. P, 
Phillips John 
Phillips Frank 
Ray ford John 
Rhone Edward 
Richardson Atwell 
Robinson Benjamin 
Robinson David 
Sawyer Albert 
Stewart William A. 
Thompson Albert 
Waddell William 
Walker Henry 
Wiggins David 
Williams Simon 
Young M. 



FIRE KING ENGINE COMPANY, No. 2. 

Engine House Southeast Corner of Front and Nun. 



Foreman Richard Jones 

Assistant Foreman Henry Toomer 

Foreman of Hose John Stewart 

President Emanuel Jones 

Secretary W. G. Hoskins 

Treasurer..' Alex. Love 

FIREMEN. 



Avant W. 
Baker E. 
Bernard B. 
Bland J. 
Bouziler W. 
Brown M. 
Bute J. 
Davis L. 
Davis H. 



McKoy H. 
McMillan W. 
Merrick J. 
Mitchell R. 
Moseley S. 
Neill J. 
Newkirk T. 
NichoUs J. 
Parker D. 



2U 



FIRB DEPARTMENT. 



Douglas J. 
Dry B. 
Fobbs J. 
Fonville H. 
Freeman A. 
Gause E. 
Gause L. 
Hall D. 
Hall J. 
Ivory J. 
Jones W. 
Kelley W. 



Parker H. 
Price 0. 
Eufus C. 
Sterling J. 
Stewart S. 
Stowe R. 
Strudwick J. 
Travis S. 
Walker D. 
Whitney W. J. 
Williams 0. 
Wright H. 



MEMBEES ^T THE VIGILANT FIRE COMPANY, No. 3. 
Engine House, Second Streety between Market and Bock. 

Foreman James Richardson 

First Assistant Foreman..... R. Johnson 

Second Assistant Foreman ,J. Haywood 

FIREMEN. 



Alderman John 
Batson George 
Bird Lewis 
Bird Edward 
Bishop William 
Buritt John 
Campbell Richard 
Campbell William 
Carr Isham 
Chadbourn James 
Clinton James 
Connor Alex. 
Cornell Sandy 
Cowan John 
Cutlar J. 
Dasher Thomas 
Davis Hector 
Foster Anthony 
George Lewis 
Hayes William 
Hill Joseph 
Hill William 
Holden Duncan 



Jones Alex. 
Jones Sandy 
Jones Stephen 
Kone Benjamin 
Lain Benjamin 
Mack R. 
Martin S. H. 
McNeill Thomas 
Mesic M. 
Moore Benjamin 
Morse Joseph 
Myers William 
Nixon Lewis 
Peden S. 
Peroins Jesse 
Quince Damon 
Robinson George 
Robinson James 
Robinson Virgil 
Roberts James R. 
Scott Isham 
Shaw John 
Toomer Scipio 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 



215 



Jackson John 
Jenkins President 
Johnson Mark 
Johnson Sandy 
Johnson Alfred 
Johnson George 
Jones William 



Torror John 
Weaton Rohert 
Whit ey Samuel 
Wilher John 
Wilkins William 
Willis Aaron 



No. 4 FIRE ENGINE COMPANY, BROOKLYN. 
Engine House, Fourth Street, Between Bladen and Brunsicick. 






Foreman James Mitchell 

Assistant Foreman T. W. Moore 

Foreman of Hose W. H. Howe 

President J. W. Whitney 

Secretary W. H. Merrick 

Treasurer Archey Walker 

Pipemen James Mack and Abraham Betts 

Engineer Roger Hazell 

Drummer James H, Thomas 



FIREMEN. 



Anderson Charles 
Anderson Andrew 
Armons Jupiter 
Baker Henry 
Blakely Ambrose 
Bolding Wm. 
Burke Joseph 
Burnett John 
Campbell Wm 
Campbell R. H. 
Clarke James 
Collins President 
Davis Robert 
Deal James 
Devane John 
Edwards Henry 
Greene Joshua 
Haggett George 
Hall Duncan 
Hays Wm. 
Haywood Wm. 
Hill Andrew 
Hooper Cass 
Hooper Wm. 
Johnson Frank 
26 



Knight Amos 
Lewis George 
Mack Cato 
Mack Jerry 
McCalister Robert 
McDonald Churchwell 
McRae Alfred 
Moseley David L 
Moseley Zeb. 
Nash Henry 
Nixon Richard 
Norton Samuel 
Owens Thomas 
Quince Edward 
Ramsay Alex. 
Saunders Fred. 
Saunders Valentine 
Smith Robert 
Smith Miles 
Smith Wm. 
Tucker Edward 
Tucker James L 
Tucker Richard 
Van Buren Martin 
Williamson Joseph 



216 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



i¥ia4 



»WJ 



FAMILY GROCER 

No, 22 J^orth Front Street, 



r^'r'*^ 'SI =v»^ r*^ 



iiiaiagi@a^ M. la^. 



Has always on hand a full supply of fresh Family Groceries, 
Provisions, Vegetables, Poultry, Eggs, &c. 

Goods Sold at Lowest Cash Prices. 






The Baggage JMEan. 




pfiopRiEioe OF m m bagghgf mmi 

Has always in readiness a regular line of first-class Baggage 
Wagons, and is prepared to transport Baggage to and from 
the different Kailroads and Steamers, and deliver parcels and 
light freights to any part of the city at low rates. 

JI^^All orders left at Messrs. Hedrick & Eyan's, will receive 
prompt attention. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



217 



ALLEN EVANS, 



DEALER IN 











PHOVISIOIS'S, 



Families Supplied at the Lowest Market Eates. 

WILMINGTON, N. C. 



&¥!» 



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9) 



SHAVING, HAIR-DRESSING 



AND 



^>m 



S' ^=^'''' M iS' ^' f1 fl ^ ¥' ^ f^ 






Nos. 9 and 11 North Front St., 
WILMINGTON, N. C. 



A full and efficient corps of accomplished artists will always 
be found in readiness. 

iShaving and Hair-Dressing executed in the most fashionable 
style of the art. 

The gentlemen of the city, and strangers, are invited to call. 

An experienced artist will execute all orders from the ladies 
at their residence. 



218 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



m. 



No. SO MARKET SRTBET. 



'W'ilw.iuBioUc Mv C< 



MERCHANT TAILORS, 



AND WHOLESALE AND EETAIL DEALERS IN 



©m's ami l©ys* CMMai 



iOOf ia SHOlia I 



AND ALL KINS OF 



^mtkmen s Jurmsljmg ^00^ 



SUITS MADE TO OHBER 

In the Best of Styles and Warranted to Pit. 

Country Merchants would do well to examine our Stock 
before purchasing elsewhere, as we manufacture all of our own 
goods, and are thereby able to sell them at New York prices. 



219 ADVKRTISEMENTS. 



EDWARD P. SILLS, 

(successor to J. S. MORftOW, ) 

Manufacturer and Wholesale Dealer in 



ififiiiiM 



3 



i@l@g:f 



[010] 



pj? 



BLANK ACCOUNT & PASS BOOKS, 

PLAYING CARDS, 

Photograph Gardss^ 



^9 (^:$^^ 
155 WEST BALTIMORE STREET, 

(ADJOINING CALVr-:RT.) 



Particular Attention Given to Southern Orders. 



220 ADVERTISEMENlS. 



9 

Medical Department, 



^@,ltla@f ©^. M 



Rev. Thos. E. Bond, M. D., President, and Prof, of Materia Medica and Tlierapeutics. 
Edward Warren, M. D., (late Surg. General of Norti; Carolina,) Professor of Principles 

and Practice of Surgery. 
Harvey L. Byrd, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. a.,) Prof, of Obstetrics and Clinical Medicine. 
Jos. P. Logan, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. A.,) Piof. of Principles and Practice of Medicine. 
J. William Walls, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. A.,) Prof, of Anatomy. 
Pascal A. Quinan, M. D., Prof, of Physiology, Hygiene and General Pathology. 
Henry St. George Hopkins, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. A.,) Prof, of Diseases of Women 

and Children. 
Joseph E. Clagett, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. A.) Prof, of Medical Chemistry and Pharmacy. 
John N. Monmonier, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. A.,) Demonstrator oJ Anatomy and Adjunct 

to the Professor of Anatomy. 
Alfred H. Powell, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. A.,) Adjunct to Prof, of Surgery. 
Chas. M. Morfit, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. N.,) Adjunct to tlie Professor of the Practice 

of Mt^dicinc. 
Thurmer H. Wingfield, M. D., (late Surg. C. S. A.,) Adjunct to Prof, of Physiology. 
Harvey L. Byrd, M. D., Dean of the Faculty. 

Regarding the present as a peculiarly auspicious time for the organization and building 
up a great and prosperous Medical lastitution in this, the Commercial Metropolis of the 
Southern States, the Trustees of Washington University have selected, with much car 
and discrimination, the above Faculty, botii with regard to attaii ments and experience as 
inactitioners and teachers, and unhesitatmgly recommend them to the con^dence and 
patronage of tre Profe-i^ion as in every way qualiiied tor t>'e responsible positions to 
which they iiave been elected. All but two of tlie Faculty served as Surgeons dining the 
late civil war; four of them were known prior to the war as popular and successful Pro- 
fessors in other Medical Colleges, and all of them an- natives of tne South' rn States. 

Baltimore. — No city posses^es greater claims as a field for successful Medical teaching 
and none can boast of superior advantage-^ as to climate. 

Clinical Instritctions can heie be pursued in all their varied phases for the advancement 
of the student, and will claim the especial attention of ttie Faculty. 

Anatomical Studies may be pursued to any desirable extent, and under as favorable cir- 
Mimstances as in any city in the world. In short all the advantages attainable in any other 
V'edical Institution may be enjoyed by the students of Washington University. 

■'sessions. — A feature has been introduced in the plan of instructions which it is believed 
will render Washin;jton University peculiarly attractive to Souihern Students. Thcie will 
be two sessions annuoMy, the first beijinning on the first Tuesday in Apnl and continuing 
four and a half months ; and the second beginning on the first Monday in October and ttr- 
m natin^' on the lirst Saturday in tlie ensuing March. By this arrangement }tudeius may 
receive the great advantages of three full courses of lectures wiihin the time usually given 
to two, and will be required to pvij' but for two courses. Students are earnestly requested 
to avail themselves of these increased advantages for acquiring a more thorough know- 
ledge of tiie Profession. 

Beneficiaries. — In order to extend as much assistance as possible to the young men of the 
South, one student will be admitted from each Congressional District in the late slavehold- 
ing States, and will enjoy all the privileges of the University on tlie paym nt of the Matric- 
ulation, Dissecting and Graduation Fees. Wounded and disabled soldiers will have prece- 
dence over other applicants for this privilege. 

Matriculation, (paid ouce,) .__-_----- $5 00 

Professors, ($10 each,) - - - - - - - '- - -. - 120 00 

Dissection, ----- - 10 00 

Graduation, 20 00 

Vrenduins. — A Silver Cup will be awarded to tlie Candidate for Graduation who presents 
the best Tlu-iis to the Facultv, 

Board can be had at from $4 50 to $7 per week. 

H. L. BYRD, M. D., Dean of the Faculty, 

No. 21 Xoyfh Calixi' .■'■. ■ lUiliinvn', Md. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS: 



Page. 

Preface 9 

Explanations of Maj) 10 

Map 11 

Sketch of the City 15 

City Directory 51 

Business Directory 159 

General Directory 181 

Municipal Government 183 

Incorporations 184 

Kailroads 184 

Churches 186 

Public Buildings 187 

Societies 187 

Port Government 189 

County Government 190 

State Government 191 

United States Government 194 

Miscellaneous 194 

Directory of Colored Persons 207 



222 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



D. J. WALSHE. J. A. CARROLL. 

WALSHE, CARROLL & 00. 

Importers and Manufacturers of 

C I C3r -A. I^ S, 

^^^4^^ Leaf aod Maiiufaclured 

^ O J 



l'^-^ 
->.^\ 






TOBACCO^ 

3Sro. 17 LIGHT STREET, 

^^^Ox'ilers from the Soxith pi-omptly filled. 

■WM. M. IVES ^ SON, 

Steam Fire Xlngine^ 

HOOK & LADDER BUILDERS, 



AND 






IN'o. 11 ISTorth. Frederick Street 
BALTimORK;^ MB. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



223 



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Sun Building, Entrance on South Street Baltimore. 



THE METROPOLITAN PUBLISHING COMPANY 



mmr^ Mi mm 

Have every facility for furnishing 




Published by their own and other houses, at publishers' lowest rates. 

Central Office— North and South Carolina, 
Air mi'^MW^'S^m. 

F. D. Smaw, Jr., Manager, 7 N. Front Street. 



224 ADVERTISEMENTS. 



CITY HOTEL, 

Nos. 128, 130 and 132 Market Street, 

(n. w. corner of second,) 

-^ — *^ — ^ 

This House has been thoroughly renovated, refurnished, and many 
modern improvements added. The table is always bountifully supplied 
with the hest fare that this and other markets can aflFord. Attentive ser- 
vants are always in readiness, and every attention will be paid to the 
comfort of guests. I have assumed the sole proprietorship of the house, 
and, under the new management, travellers will find the City Hotel un- 
surpassed by any first class house in the South. 

N, FBEDEItlCK. 



Frank D. Smaw, Jr., 

GENERAL MERCHANDI 



AND 



No. 7 MORTH FRONT STREET, 



Merchandise of all kinds bought and sold on commission. 

The highest market value obtained for goods received upon 
consigncaent. 



Alphabetical Index to Advertisements. 



Page. 

Aaron & Rheinstcia 3 

Adrian & Vollers 120 

Agostini F. M 160 

American Cow Milking Ma- 
chine 118 

Anderson James & Co 98 

Anderson 216 

ArtisElvin 217 

Atkinson & Shepperson .... 232 

Barnes A. S. & Co 182 

Bear Simon 98 

Bishop John , 134 

Blumenthal S. & Co 66 

Bollman Wendell 178 

Boston Post 76 

Brandeth 64 

Bremer (^^ Bro 142 

Brock & Clifford : 229 

Brown & Anderson 68 

Burr & James Misses K. 

&H 52 

Burton & Irving 200 

Burnett, Mclnnis & Earl.. 68 

Burkhimer Henry 116 

Cannon & Stoklej., 66 

Cassidey & Beery 84 

Carr, Boykin & Co 201 

Charlotte Cicero J 47 

Cornehlson J. II. N 112 

Cox Robt. M. & Co 104 

David A. & Co 218 

Day & Wright 70 

De GarmendiaC. G 50 

Devane W. S. & D. J 116 

Dunbar , Fairley & Co 144 

Elliot H. Clay 158 

Engelhard & Price 96 

Esterbrook R. & Co 72 

Evans Allen 217 

Family Sewing Machine... 130 



Page. 

Finkle & Lyon 88 

Finiayson & Bro. 128 

First National Bank 230 

Francis & Loutrel 60 

Frederick N 224 

French Geo. Z 227 

Gaehle Piano Company. 152 

Goldsborough & Tate... 196 

Goodwin J. T. & Co.... 155 

Greene Zeno H 205 

Haas & Co.. 1 

Hale Edward J. & Son. 56 

Hanberry & Bartleson.. 126 

Harriss & Howell 2 

Hartz H 128 

Hathaway J. L. & Utley 58 
Hedrick & Ryan, out- 
side front cover. 

Henning R. & Co 82 

Hetzler F. D 153 

Huggins & Co 14 

Ives Wm. M. & Son 222 

James & Brown, 140 

James John S 142 

Johnson Alex. & Co.... 74 

Katz M. M. & Co 

Keitli & Kcrchner, out- 
side back cover. 

Kelley Stephen 94 

Kidder & Martin - 4 

King Wm H 153 

Klein Daniel 52 

Kordlander Henry 102 

Larkins Wm 202 

Lawson A. W. & Co.... 54 

Lewis Thos. C 110 

Lippitt James W 5 and 50 

Lippitt Wm. H 122 

Lord F. J 144 

Love John D 80 



226 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 



Page. 

Mason R. C 148 

Mallett; & HofFman 203 

McDacle Wm A 124 

McLin Henry 94 

McMillan Hamilton 82 

Metropolitan Publish. Co. 223 

Miller Daniel & Co 180 

Mitchell Allen & Co 179 

Moore Benj. R 116 

Murray E & Co 134 

Murray J. T. & Co 134 

NefF Aaron H 112 

New York Day Book 60 

Northrop & Curaming ... 154 

Numsen, Carroll & Co 4 

Owens & Agar 100 and 150 

Page & Brown 140 

Parsons Henry S 92 

Perrin Henry R 205 

Peschau Eduard .. 90 

Petteway & Moore... 47 

Pond Wm. A. & Co 177 

Poole & Hunt 146 

Potter & Paddison 231 

Quincey W. H 76 

Ransom Mrs. Robert 58 

Raynor Samuel & Co 86 

Reeder Henry 66 

Rivera Thos 216 

Roberts Thos. E 228 

Robinson & Smith 114 

Runge G, H. W 160 

Russell, Ellis & Cox 90 

Ryttenberg & Bro 231 

Schenck Jacob B 108 

Shackelford James 122 

Shriver A. J 140 

Sills Edward P. 219 

Smaw F. D., Sr 72 



Page. 

Smaw Frank -D.Jr 106 

and 224 

Southern Express Co 157 

Southerland & Steagall 48 

Sprunt Alex 126 

Starr & Lineberry 74 

Sumter Watchman 136 

Sun Job Printing Office 206 

Swann B. F 124 

Thorburn R 156 

Tienken & Bauman 49 

Torsch John W 223 

Turton John 202 

Union Distillery 158 

Van Bokkelen A. H 62 

Van Orsdell C. M.. 156 

Vick, Mebane& Co 102 

Vincent N. B 230 

Wal ker & Maunder 80 

Wallace & Southerland 

inside back cover. 
Walters W. T. & Co., 

inside front cover. 

Waldron R. S.... 227 

Washington University 220 

Walshe, Carroll & Co... 222 

Waters Horace 138 

Webb H 13 

Welsh Wm. & Sons. .-. 203 

West S. M 136 

Whitaker T. S 62 

Willis Elijah 180 

Williams, Potter & Co.. 201 

Williams W. H. & Co.. 66 

Williams & Murchison 110 

Willard J. A 204 

Willard A. A 204 

Witcover A. & S, 104 

Worth & Daniel 78 

Wright Adam E 132 




SUN BUILDING, BALTIMORE. 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



22*7 



ONE PRICE STORE. 



He Se W4iL®m#ll. 



•WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 



Ma 






LMJ 



LADIES, MISSES AND CHILDRENS' SHOES, 
No. 109 Market Street^ 

The Trade are cordially invited to examine my stock before purchasing else- 
where, as I will supply them at the lowest wholesale i)r;ci-s. 



GEORGE Z. FRENCH, 

No. 9 South Front Street, 



.nimgtoa^ He C. 






WHOLESALE DEALER IN 








Provisions, Wines, Liquors, 
Cigars, Common Crockery, Wood, Willow & Tinware 

Cotton and Naval Stores bought or received on consignment. 



228 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 




CORNER OF SURRY AND QUEEN STS., 

THOMAS E. ROBERTS, 

Proprietor. 




ia@@ff* Ma©lilatiJt! 



IRON FOUNDER & PATTERN MAKER. 

Having ample facilities, is prepared to execute all orders for High 
aud Low Pressure Marine, Locomotive and Stationery Engines and 
Boilers, Saw and Grist Mills. 

CASTINGS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 

Boilers, Engines, and all kinds of light and heavy Machinery 
repaired. 

Millwright work in all its branches. Having employed a large 
and able corps of first-class engineers and machinists, and present- 
ing great inducements in liberal terms and superior work, I can 
guarantee satisfaction to parties giving orders. 



ADVRETrSEMENTS. 



229 



BROCK'S EXCHANGE, 

(ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN,) 




3. &m m. Ww@m% m^. 

(NEAR MARKET,) 

Brock & Clifford, Proprietors. 

H. C. BROCK J. A. CLIFFORD. 

MEALS AT ALL HOURS. 

The Restaurant Table will always be supplied with every luxury in 
the market. Oysters, Game, and other delicacies in their season. 

Superior Accommodations Offered for Travellers. 

Hacks are always in readiness upon the arrival and departure of 
the trains and steamers, to convey guests to and from the house. 

^ I ■ I ^ 

Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars always on hand. 



230 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



OF WILMINGTON, 

Office — Bank of the State of North Carolina Building, 

No. 101 HOETH FRONT STREET, Corner of Princess. 



IDIPIEGXOPIS. 



A. J. DeRossett, J. H. Chadbourn, 
E. E. BuKRUss, President. 



W. H. McRary, S. D. Wallace. 
A. K. Walker, Cashier. 



DISCOTJISTT X).A.-X-S, TTJESU-A-^yS .A.3Sri3 ^'E.IIJ-^Y'S^ 



This Bank is now open for the transaction of business. Gold and Silver Coin, 
Government B'»nd8 and Securities ; Notes of Solvent and other State Banks purchased 
and sold. Exchange on Northern and Southern Cities always on hand and for sale. 
Collections made on all accessible points in the United States, with prompt returns. 
Deposits received, carelul attention given to the accounts of business men. 

United States Eevenue Stamps of every Denomination for Sale. 



N. B. VINCENT, 

DEALER IN 




Furnitufe, MallressesrOil Cloltis 

PICTURE FRAMES, 

MUSQUITO NETS, 

LOOKING GLASSES, 
GLASS, 

And a general assortment of Hbuse Furnishing Goods, &c. 

iyfo. 29 IVTorth Front Street^ 

S. E. CORNER PRINCESS, 




ADVRETISEMENTS. 231 

RYTTENBERG & BRO., 



DEALEKS IN AND JOBKEKS OF 



^ tm\ 

CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS. 

No. HO Market Street^ 

WILMINGTOJN, N. C. 

Wholesale buyers should not fail to examine our large and well 
ssovtea stock. Through our connections North we are enabled to 
vail ourselves of any change in the markets, and offer our cus- 
omtjrs great inducements, both in the latest style of goods and low 



irices. I 




Milk! Pr^ Milk! 



We have established a first-class Dairy at Point Peter, 
;^here we will keej) a large number of No. 1 Milch Cows, 
nd will supply customers in the city daily^with the best 

FRESH MILK, 

\.t rates greatly below the present market jnioes. We 
(rill deliver Milk to any part of the city without extra 
harge. 

POTTER & PADDISON, 

Nearly opposiit. W. (t W. It. IL Depot. 




i 2S2 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



MATTHEW P. TAYLOE, 
ATKINSON & ' SHEPPERSON, 



AXO 



Ml 



AND AGENTS FOR 

ffimEs MiiBllfS 






LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES 

OF NEW YORK AND BALTIMOi>iE. 

A I •<i,) AGRNTS ¥0H 



mmm m wmmm steamship hue, 





First Class Steamers 

ELLIE KNIGHT AND JAMES A, GARY, 

l''r(-i<>:l)t pntriiii-ompnts; made? and bills of lading sisjned to 

BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA, NEW YORK & BOSTON 

"onnects with first class Steamers to LiverpooL 

21 & 2 3 jSTorth AVater Street 

(CORNER OF PRINCESS.) 
J. W.. ATKINSON. • A. SSHEPPERSON. 




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