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5oc SO/S. /3.5 



The Social Evil 
in Chicago 



he Vice Commission of Chicago 




7 ' .'■-> 


FEB 2 1 1979 




Edwin W. Sims, 


W. L. Baum, M. D. 

David Blaustbin 

Rev. J. F. Callaghan 

Anna Dwybi, M. D. 

W. A. Evans, M. D. 

Rev. Albert Eveib 

Rev. F. W. Gunsaulus^ D. D. 

W. W. Hallam 

AntAic W. HAtu8» LL. D. 

Wlff. HBALYt M. D. 

Ellen M. Heniotin 
Rev. Abeam Hiischbbko 
Pior. Charles R. Henderson 
Rev. E. a. Kelly 

Rev. J. G. Kirchbr 
Louis O. Kohtz 
P. J. OICeefte 
Judge Harry Olson 
Judge M. W. Pinckney 
Alexander Robertson 
Julius Rosenwald 
L. E. Schmidt, M. D. 
Bishop C T. Suapper 
Edward M. Skinner 
Prop. Graham Taylor 
Prop. Wiluam I. Thomas 
Prop. Herbert L. Willett 
John L. Whitman 

Geowsr J. Knbeland, 
Dkiciar of InvesHgaiian. 

^Nom James If. Hrie, IL D., one of tht origteal mcnibm of Tlw Vic« 
^onmlttioii, died Septdnber t, If 10. Prof. CaMiiet R. Headcrtoo wu lapofatod 
ff the Major to fill the vMsacy CMMtd bp the dctHi of Dr. Hyda. 





OtttUne of Sttidy i, 

Retohitioii of Appncki&m. a 

Intiodtictiofi and Smnmaiy a 

ATopotea viraniMioe. 5 

Rcooninifnditioiii 5 

CiutDter I. Birfftinr rvwMi4*inf in OA^ooin 6* 

Clii4>ter IL The Social Bfil and the Salooo 11 

Caiapterlll. The Social BtU and the Pdke 14 

Chapter IV. Sourcea of Supply 16. 

Chapter V. Child PMectioii and Bdncatioii aj* 

Chapter VI. Reacue and Reiorm a6 

Chi4>ter VIL The Social BtU and ita Medical Aq)ecto. aft 

Appendicea— Text of Reivaed Statutea of IDiiioia and Ordtnancea 
of the City of CUcaffo 3o< 

Appeodioea— Tabka 35 

Appendicea— BxhiUta 36, 

Index 39; 


On January 31st, 1910, a meeting was held at the Central Y. IL 
Building, Giicago, by the Church Federation composed of Qergy i 
senting six hundred congregations in Qucaga The topic foe 
cussion was the Social Evil Problem in Qiicago, and Dean Sa 
was invited to read a paper on the subject At its co ndtt sk 
presented the following resolution : 

"Resolved, that the Mayor of the City of Chicago be adced to af 
a Commission made up of men and women who command the n 
and confidence of the public at large, this Commission to invcH 
thoroughly the conditions as they exist. With this knowleclge ofab 
let it map out such a course, as in its judgment, wOl brine aboot 
relief from the frightful conditions which surround ns. Taldq| 
report as a basis, let us enlist the support of every dWCy prate 
philanthropic, social, commercial and religious body in the aij to < 
out the plans suggested. If the present administration feels that il 
not subscribe to such a plan, make the report the basis of a pledfe 
the political parties at the next election and make it the basis h 
election issue. But first get the plan. The city press will be 
of any sane movement to improve present conditions. The Q 
certainly is. Social settlements have been agitating and endcaTi 
to reach some decision. The general public is in a mood to lisU 
such conclusions as such a Commission would reach.^ 

This resolution was unanimously adopted and a co mmi ttee fraa 

Federation of Churches was appointed to call upon the Mayor, 

present it to him for his consideration. This committee was ooin|i 

of the following named gentlemen: 

Prof. Herbert L. Willett, University of Chicago; 

Rev. J. A. Vance, Pastor of the Hyde Pftrk Presl^terian Qm 

Rev. Smith T. Ford, Pftstor of the Englewood Baptist On 

and President of the Church Federation Council; 
Rev. Frank D. Burhans, PMor of the Washiiuton Park Cdi 

Sional Church, and Vice-Presklent of the Qiwdi Fedcn 
Prof. Benjamin L. Hobson, Secretary of The McConnick T 
logical Seminary. 

As a result of a conference with this Conunitteet the Mayor, thrc 

Tm aocuL Era. nt cbicaoo 

, tnoHnHted Ibe tottoviing letter to Dean Walter T. 
■Mr, oadcr 4bU of March C. 1910: 
"DuaSn: ' 

I am directed bjr the Mayor to tay that he hat amotnted you s 
wtff^r aad tanporary diatrman of the to-called Vice CommlssJOB 
vUdi Ik faM hm aikcd to appotnt. and with the purpose of which 
wm IR> of GVWK, familiar- At Charrman of »iid Comniiition ' 
 w9t be w C B uib c ii l upon jrou. of course, to i»Kiie the call for the 
tnt OMctiv of nid Coamtillte. 
The aiemhcTi m as folkwn : 
Bna. Dr. W. L. Cbkaco Medical Society ; 

' . 0««{d. Supcrintemleni, QiicaKO Hebrew Institute: 
o, Rev. JamcB ¥., Pastor, Saint yalachy's Roman Cath- 

■*( Or. Anna. fVcfidcnt, Mary Thonif«on tIof|>ital: 
I, Dt, W. A-, Health Commiwioncr: 
, Rev. Albert. Pastor. Saint Dontface's Roman Catholic 
_ Churdi; 

__ , I>. Frank W., President, Armour (nititute: 

IHalitm, W W. Corresponding Secretary, Chicafo Society of , 

!i Ti W.. Pre^idetil, Norlhwesterti University; 

Hcaty, Dr. WillJBm, President, Psychopathic Institute ; 
Hyde. Dr. James M., Professor, Rush Medkal G>1lege; 
Hcnratin. Mrs. Ellen M.. Federation of Women's Qubs; 
Hinchberf, ^er. Abram, Rabbi, North Chicago Hebrew Con- 

KcHt. Rev. £. A., Pastor, Saint Anne's Roman Catholic Church; 

■Ordier, Rrr. John G., PaMor, German Evangelical Church; 

Kobtx, Loois O.. Agent, Aetna Fire Insurarce Company; 

OlCccffe, P. J., Lawyer. 

Ofaon, Jtidgc Harry, Chief Justice, Municipal Courts; 

r in d me y . Judge Merritt W., Judge, Juvenile Court ; 

Robertaoo, AI«cBnder, Vice-President, Continental National Bank; 

Rnaenwald, Jultut, President, Sears. Roebuck & Company; 

Schmidt. Dr. Lonu E., Professor, Northwestern Medical College; 

Shaffer. Biihop C T., Afrkan Methodiit Episcopal Church; 

Sinn. Edwin W., United States EHstnct Attorney ; 

Skkaer, Edward M.. Association of Commerce: 

SwMNT, The Very Reverend WaHer T., Dean, Episcopal Cathedral 

SS Peter and Paul : 
Taylor, PrDfesaor Graham, President, Chicago Commons ; 
TlKKnns, Profeisar William I., University of Chicago; 
Wnctt, Pmfenor Herbert L., University of Chicago; 
WWtBBB. JoIhi L.. Superintendent, House of Correction. 

I alM cndoae « copy of the sUtement sent by Mayor Bnsae 
IB the preaa in eonoectlon with appointment of the Cammisskm. 

Yoon very truly, 


SMTtUry le Ik* UtJ^- 



A short time ago I received a conimunication from reprcsc 
tives of the Federated Protestant Churches, calling; my attentio 
vice in Chicago, and requesting that a Commission be appoi 
to study the subject, with a view to determining a plan of €0i 
as well as considering the moral and physical harm which re 
from vice. 

These are the most perplexing questions with which mo 
civilization is confronted. Since Oiicago has been a d^, 
have drifted as re^rds this question. In this we have not dm 
from odier American cities. 

I think we can fairly assume that our vice problem is exi 
like that of any American city. To exploit publicly the dc 
of it, can serve no useful end and such exploitatkm is not the 
pose of this commission proposition. On the other hand expl< 
tion may do much harm t^ leading the uninformed to bd 
that conditkms exist here which are of recent origin or whidi 
worse than exist in other American cities. 

As a matter of fact, the conditions incident to the vice prol 
in Chicago, — a problem as old as the city itself — are better i 
they I:'*ve ever been within present day memory. This I tl 
will be conceded b^ all who are fully acquainted with the £ 
But we all want still better conditions if they can be had. 

Many years ago, the authorities of the city attempted to loo 
vice in certain districts of the city. From time to time, prop 
holders and heads of families have objected to their neighl 
thereupon these establishments have been wklelv scattered < 
town. The various neighborhoods into which tney have nn 
have speedily secured enough of influence to drive them back 
to the neighborhoods from which thev have been driven. 

Executives have acted, in doing this, with the best of mol 
and often times with the advice of Ministers of Uie Gomel, 
other men of character. The only criticism that can be offerc 
that none of these moves was based on careful investigatkxi 
far-seeing planning. Our statute books — State and Munictp 
are crowded with laws on the subject Quite senerally such 1 
have been ignored, since every one knew that thqr were not bi 
on careful thought, either by trained students or invest^ 
or men closely in touch with the situatkm ; rather have they gn 
out of temporary outbursts of sentiment 

I was informed that Detroit, Mx^igan, and New York i 
have experimented along certain lines. Many European cities li 
tried certain plans. The Japanese government has proceeded al 
certain lines. Investigation will probably discover many ol 
attempts at a solutioa of these questk>ns. 

We can as a basis agree, I believe, that the practioes as to ^ 
in Chicago have been of kmg oontimiaiioe; and tiiat hi tUs r«i| 


I »t in no better and no wone than other American or European 
\tikt. Thcie condftiona are with iis. To pretend that they do not 
criH b hy po c r h y, (ar-reachinf; in its harmful cffecit. 

c peanJMt bemjc aeeepled. we find there arc many questions 
If (moi them to Mhtch thinking men and women, careful 
I of Mciety and government, are giving deepest thought 

I dK eriatence of the "locial evil" and of the men and 
nam ennwedtd with it, be ignored ? 

Sboold vitt be »egr«tated? If to, what would be tlie melJiDiI 
ll mMriRiag Olliml of scrregaiion di^tricln? 

Wlal ta Ibt WM iHlhod of conlrollmg, as to commtmicable dis- 
M^ tfBM win BUlw pnctice of vice their trade, and preventing 
pna4 of diMMC tmoiigit innocent men, women and children u 
Ml M anong praclttionert of vice ? J 

Whit treatment nf vice ai a dlseaie of society li best ai ftfl 
Jiultliuii against crimes other than vice? 1 

WhM treatmmt of vict as a disease of society, b best for ift ' 

I »m (tirr that we have men and women amongst us who can 
feB^> n in finding a slow and partial solution for these questions, 
■tadbig perfection in the men and women who make np society. 
Wc w3l welcome inch help. I am sure that all over ^e wwld 
■Dveraments will welcome the results of these deliberations. I 
thtRfbre respectfully appoint the following as a commisskm on the 
I of vice, requesting them to deliberate on the question 
fttaent the muhs of their deliberatkxis for the consid* 
• of tM* community and the guidance of those charged witii 
' I of the municipal government." 
Ob MiRk 14, If 10. the Mayor appointed Bishop C T. Shaffer, of 
to Alrfcaa M. E. Chnrdi, as a member of the Commisiioa. 

Dwinf te regslar raeetii^ of the Commission on March 16. 1110, 
rill ta the Public Library Building, the temporary officers, Chaimun, 
!■■ Waller T. Somner, Secretary, Edwin W. Sims, were nude pei^ 
■MM nfcera of Ike Commissian. 
At Mi mtttia^ tbc foDowing retohrtion was submitted : 

"KnOLTiD^ That there be an Executive Committee, conststinf 
«l wh* Mcsnben, seven of whom shall be appointed by the Qttir- 
■ia of tkt Conmiaskm, the Chairman and the Secretary to be 
«M&ia t ni berT of the Exe oiti ve Cnnnnittce ; 

"flat k ahnU be the duty of the Exccntire Connnittcc to ar- 
napi I pfoimi of ibidy and ioveiti|alioa, divide the CommiaahM 
tM tammmttu, taaiia to cocti coaunittcc Ae tabicct to be in- 


vestigated by it» and from tims to time consider and make r 
mendations as to the methods and disposition of the work i 

This resolution was unanimously adopted. 

Subsequently the Chairman appointed the members of the Exc 

Committee . 

This committee appointed the following sub-conmiittces : 

Committee on Existing Conditions in Chicago. 
Committee on Social Evil and Saloon. 
Committee on Socud Evil and Police. 
Committee on Sources of Supply. 
Committee on Social EvU and Crime. 
Committee on Child Protection and Education. 
Committee on Rescue and Reform. 
Committee on Literature and Methods. 
Committee on Medical Questions. 
Committee on Law and Legislation. 

At tlie regular meeting of the Commission on May 5» 1910, a s 
prevailed that the permanent name of the Commission shouM I 
"Vice Commission.^ 

A committee was >oii to appear before the CommitI 
Finance of the City ( [ay 6, 1910, and request tl 

appropriation be made for 1 work of the Vice Commission. 

At the regular meeting of the ( ity Council on Monday, Jui 
1910, Alderman Foell mov* oceed to the consideration < 

report of the Committee on Fi t concerning an appropriatii 
the expenses of the "Vice C n," deferred and published 1 

1910, page 143. 

The motion prevailed. 

Alderman Foell presented an ordinance creating a Commissi 
the City Government to be known as the "Vice Commission,^ m 
propriating the sum of $5,000.00 for the expenses of the said Co 
sion during the year 1910. 

Alderman Foell moved to substitute the said ordinance for th 
nance recommended in the report 

The motion prevailed and the said substitute ordinance was ; 
by yeas and nays as follows: 

Kmi— Kenna, Coughlin, Shufelt, Foreman, PHngle, 1 
Richert, Sheahan, Long, Parker, Merriam, Emerson, Derpa, 
Fick, ScuUy, Vavricek, Cullerton, Danisch, Zimmer, Fulton, 
ley, T '*wley, Lucas, Utpatel, Beilfuss, Kuna, KoralesU, 

las aooAL rviL m cuicaoo 

Htaiy, Vawm, Bowler. Sieirart, Uurrar, Tajrlor, Foell, Hauler, 
O t Oimbt n C. BriUeit, Hsderletn, Dunn, Thomson. Lipps, Rein- 
hcrg, Cnp. Wfl»oa. Littler, TwisK. Mueller, McDennoM. Mclner- 
MT, MwiOiHT, Kearni, Bergen, Fttlier, Rea. Readinir. Block, Dona- 

Tk faOoviiif b the uid ontinance as pasted : ^ 


Br H mrimaifi by tht City CimiitU of Iht CUy of Chicago: 

StCTiOTi 1. 'Thai there h hereby cfrilcd a cotnmi^sioii of the 
eitj fDrrmmenl to be known as rhe "Vice Oynmi»5ioii." which 
iliall comitt of thirty memberi to be appointed hy the Mayor. 

StcnoH t. The Mayor ihatl appoint a chairman of the Com- 

mImIm from among its members. The chairman of the Com- 

niHMHi (Inn call ntrrtings of the Commission whenever he may 

_ Nt ft and whmevtr he shall be requested, in writing, so to do 

P tgr amy five mcmbert of the Comffliuion. 

SccnOM 3. It iliall Ix tlie duty of the Vice Commission and 
Mm mcmben thereof to inquire itito conditions existing within the 
BoHt* of the ci^ with reference to vice of varioui forms inditding 
an practkct wfaich are physically and morally debasins and de- 
mdjnf, and which affect the moral and physical welfare of the 
■hibifints of the city. 

The Connnission shall from time to time transmit to the Mayor 
tmi Hk City Council, a written report of existing conditioni, as it 
May fcnd them, respecting vice, with such recommendation i ai i*. 
akul deem advisable for the suppression thereof. 

SacnON 4. That there be and is hereby appropriated from 
■iacrilaiicaas receipts for the year 1910 the sum of five thousand 
ioBan (9',000.00) for the payment of the necessary expenses of 
Ae Vice Commission to be paid out by tj't Comptroller upon the 
written order of the chairman of the Co^<nission. 

SmcnoK I. Thb ordinatKe siiall be it full force and efFcct 

fr«H tmi after Us passage. 

Al Ike regular meeting of the Vice CommisMon on June U, 1910, 

k  itpofted that the FinaDce Committee of the City Conncil favored 

pm^ag the Vice Comraistioa fmids, the qucMion had arisen, bow- 

mr, BB to the legality of aoch action by the City Coandl with respect 

I as then constitated, the Corporation CouhkI ex- 

1 that there must be. In order to make inch action 

C of the Commission by the Mayor mtut be ap- 

i br tfH Cky OMmdl ; that be understood the objectionable pofaita 

Ml tiUMW nd Hk funds rinald be voted by tbe Oty Cooadl 


At the regular meeting of the City Council on Tuesday, May 

the following communication was read: 

"Mayor's Qmcs; 
Chicago^ July (^ 
To the Honorable, the City Council: 

Gentlemen: In accordance with the power vested is 
an ordinance of your Honorable Body, pasted June 97, 191 
948 of the Proceedings), I herd»y appomt the foUownui ge 
members of the commission, to lie known as the Viee Om 
and ask the concurrence of your Honorable Body: 

Dean Walter T. Sumner, 

Dr. W. L. Baum, 

David Blaustein, 

Rev. J. F. Callaghan, 

Dr. Anna Dwyer, 

Dr. W. A. Evans, 

Rev. Albert Evers, 

Rev. Dr. Frank Gunsaulus, 

W. W. Hallam, 

Dr. Abraham W. Harris, 

Dr. Wm. Healy, 

Mrs. Ellen M. Henrotin, 

Rev. Abraham Hirschberger, 

Dr. James M. Hyde, 

Rev. E. A. Kelly, 

Rev. John G. Kircher, 

Louis O. Kohtz, 

P. J. O'Keeffe, 

Hon. Harrv Olson, 

Judge M. W. Pincloiey, 

Alexander Robertson, 

Julius Rosenwald, 

Dr. Louis E. Schmidt, 

Bishop C T. Shaffer, 

Hon. £dwin W. Sims, 

Edward M. Skinner, 

Prof. Graham Tayknr, 

Prof. Wm. L Thomas, 

Prof. Herbert L. Willett, 

Hon. John Lb Whitman. 


(Signed) FkB>A.Boi 


At the regular meeting of the City Council on Monday, July 1 
Alderman FcA p r esent ed an ordinance amending an ordinanoi 
June 97, 1910, creating tfie ''Vice Commisskm.'* 

Unanfanous consent was given for the eoQsideratkM of the u 

Tvz aocuL wni. im obicaqo 

[ i< the Mid ordbance » pktaed: 

i by Ike CUy Ctmiuil of tht City of Chicago: 

SacnOK I. Thu in ordinance heretofore passed by thU Coun- 
«fl OB JttBC X7Ui. 1910, crniuif a Vice CotniDinion, and shown 
U pafc MS a( the Council Proceedings of that dale, be and the 
svnc I* tMreby amendrd by adding at the end of Section 4 in 
tbt left hand column llx foJtowinf : 'aitd the Comptroller shall 
MI np tlii* tppropriaXioa u Account No. 45 and uttder the pf<^r 
iMMn ioifoMting ihc standard aecounls in accordance wkli the 
Appropriation bill' 

Skctv* I. Ttii* ordinance shall be in force and effect front 
■ad after its f 

Ob Joljr IS, 1910, the Vice Coniniitiion secured offices and began 
tifc mark with Ur. George J. Kneeland In charge. 
Ok imtj 18, 1910, the chairman announced the resignation of 
AOf VnHMi F. McDowell, on account of abxence from the country. 
Dariii( Ike wwins ef the business of the Commission was attended 
ly Ac Qaimian ami ExecnttTe Committee. 
At the regular meeting on September 89, 1910, the Chairman an* 
HCarf that the Ma^or had appointed Professor Charlei R. Heiv- 
rKM of the Chicago University as a member of the Vice Commis* 
 to fin the vacancy caused by the death of Dr. James M. Hyde. 
Ob aolioa the chairman appointed a committee to draw np a[q>ro- 
■Mt l ea oi uti ons eommemorating the death of Dr. Hyde. 
That rcaohitiont were submitted at the regular meeting of the Vice 
^Ksnoa on October 25, 1910, and adopted as follows: 

~WHBRBA8, our Mlow member, JaniM Nerkis Hyde;, 
vMf baaB taheB inm nt by dcBtl it 

BB rr RX80LVBO by OS, the Vie* Commiaaiao of Chicago, 
Mig ta gBBml acMlao, that w« hereby esprcM oar mbm of 
ip MnBw Bl OBT 0ml lOM ot aBticipBted coBosn ido advice, 
i <f BBT MfBI aymp lfay wMi the tMnlly of Oie deccBted; 

AWP^ F WrrHaR MOR^ tht w order 1U» rteoloti OB to 
■■iribCB BpoB OBT fecBvda md a copy of it Jocivardad to 

In addition to the regular meetings of the Commissioiit f 
eight conferences were held during a period of six weeka. 
conferences were arranged for by letters of inritatioo and bgr 
notices. As a result representatives appeared before the Co 
sion from philanthropic, ciTic» social and reform and busiiiess < 
izations; among these were the foUowing: 

Anti-Ggarette League 
Anti-SaJoon League 
Baptists Ministers' Union 
Chicago Deaconess' Home 
Citizens' Association 
Chicago Law and Order League 
Central Howard Association 
Congregational Ministers' Union 
Catlwlic Abstinence Union of II* 

Chicago Refuge for Girls 
Chicago Rescue Mission 
Douglas Neighborhood Qub 
Brewers' Exchange 
South Park Imp ro veme nt Asso- 
Florence Crittenton Anchorage 

Hull House 

Immigrant Protect i ve Leagi 

Biile Court 
lile Protective Aaaodi 
Aid Society 
Lincoln Center 
Law Enforcement League 

Northwest Skle 
Methodist Brotherhood 

Midnight Misskxi 
Northwestern University 

Salvation Army Matemfty 
Retail Liquor Deahvs' Pre 

and Patrotmen wa 

Prominent citizens were also heard. 

Inspectors of Police, Captains, 
wise heard in conference. 

At various times interviews were held with keepers and i 
of houses. 

At a regular meeting of the Commisskm held January 5, 19 
chairman appointed a committee to appear before the Finance 
mittee of the Qty Council to ask for an appropriation of fivi 
sand dollars to carry on the work of the Commission far tk 

The petition of the committee was granted and tfie stun < 
thousand dollars was set askie in the annnal budgel far 191 
the use of tfie Vice Commission. 

by«r tf Ckita§§, md Uu 
rtb, Mff City CMuwiT, 

K Vkl Co— iiiieit. kotboritei] hj ordiwicc of the Oty 
I «f *• Ciqr of Ckici«o praed Jom 17, 1910, uid ^ipoliited 
I Mite Mt of Jaljr I, 1910, trtnatki berewith, in wmpHmCi 
kl (■■■ 01 UN onUnwKCi iti report on f tollin CMKUtioiii re- 
f vto^ tBftUta wiA ks mon ii iw iN lrtton t for the Mppretatoa 

Very re^MCtftdly, 
(S%iied) Waltu T. SuuMn, 

I) bmW.SiMi. 

HMB FmI norcd that the report tnnsmitted with the fdrcgoing 
wkaHmhtttteeioa file, and that tix uid CommJMion be coa- 
fti olMnoc aMfl JiBK Itf, Itll, or ontil nch time thereafter 
 M ■MMnry to fiBMi itt outsteiMtioc bntincM. The wothx 

QMB Fos OMrcvpoo prcpcntod the fouowtaf orucTp whlcb wup 

Outline of Study 

Made by the 


L CoHJUiiE£ om 


JiUBmKTf 9^!^^ pCCf loss 

Price, ch a r a ctCT aad 

J. xiow are potge mies ouejfcu. 

k. Whan are the police rdniom Id the 

L ooctai ainircnieiKS s ruofu* 

1. Music. 

2. Obscene shows. 

3. Liquor. 

4. DanceSy etc 
m. Medical in^wction in resorts at 
n. Extent of renereal diseases, 
o. Public and prirate graft, 
p. Robbiiw of patrons, 
q. The ''Cadet^ proUem. 
r. Extent of use of cocakie and drufs at 
s. Method of advertising. 

t. Assignation houses. 

a. Number. 

b. Location. 

c Character of neighborhood. 

d. Methods of adTerdsing. 

e. Sale of liquors. 
8. Hotels. 

a. Number. 

b. Location. 

c. Prices for rooms. 

d. Prices of women who solicit for these places. 
4. Lake Botts. 

6. Picnics. 

6. "Kept'' women. 

7. Manicure pariors. 

8. Musage park)rs. 

9. Turkish baths. 

10. Dance Halls. 

11. Tenement Houses. 


 iB> neuL cnL im ckicaoo 

IL QntMtTTCc OM Social EriL ahd Salook. 
L Row the laloon nukei (or prottitutjon. 
K. Salurdax nifhl dance. 
h. SftkMn dance, 
c Vaudeville and mu^ic in the uloons. 

d. Women in the saloon*. 
c. SoUdUlion. 

IL CoKipcratian between the saloon and rnofU. 
&. Raorts with entrances through naloons. 
k. Bed Immuc* «n<1 laloont. 
c Midnight ckning. 
4. The ule of liquor in resorts, tociabilltx; phftlea! 

e. Joint ownership between taloont and retorU. 

f. Saloon ke^en and prostitutes. 

g. Retort nmnen in saloons. 

HL OmumtM OM Social Evil anb Police. 

1. PKefcw y of Poliec onler present conditkiaa. 

a. Char*clcr of recordi deiirable to be kqrt; 
1. Owners of property, 
S. Houses. 
t. Keepers. 

4. Inmates. 

k Should police officers be permitted to reUin such t 
ords, or 
L Should they be filed at headquarters as official matl 
£ Advisability of establishing a bureau at headquarters 
records of entire city, and from which point, i 
through which bureau a more or less complete conl 
of the situation might be had. 
S. IiUficction. 

fc Should police inspection and surveillance of resorts 
dude a room to room visit at unstated periods, to 
1. Search for liquor. 
I, Examine into sanitary conditions. 

5. Coiiect data for reports. 

4. Listen to complaints. 

5. See that rules and regulations of DepsrUnent i 

carried out. 

^ ProttctMW, question of i 

a. Police protection of inmates and keepers against d 

tnrbance of the order of the places. 

b. Sboold retorts be guaranteed police protection, wl 

they complr with rules and rcgulaliona. The wi 
"protec ti cn nsed in its kgftiniaU sense, and aot 

ovTuini bv moT 

the sense of gumnnteeiiig iinintinity midcr mnsr circ 
stances whatever. 

c. Preventing tribute to police. 

6. Police detail, should the same police officers eidier in f 
clothes or uniform be permitted: 

a. To remain in any district for more dian a brief pc 

of time, 

b. Should police rules and regulations be framed and 

played in each room of a resort 


1. How much slavery exists among women in Chicago? 

2. What is the extent of the "cadet"' system; ninners? 

3. What is the extent of fake marriages? 

4. Prostitute's husbands. 

6. How are girls secured abroad — from what state or ooa 
are they drawn? 

6. How are they secured? 

7. How are they held? 

8. What does the girl get ? 

9. What does the house get? 

10. How much service must she render? 

11. How do girls escape? 

12. What can be done to stop the importation of girls f 

abroad? From the city? From the country? 
18. What can be done to prevent the traffic in girb? 
14. What can be done to furnish a way of escape for girls] 
16. What is the remedy for the "cadet,** tiie fake marr 

situation, and the practices of other deceit, trickery 



1. Contempt for law on tiie part of those promoting the & 

t. Relation of prostitutes to habits, 

a. Whiskey. 

b. Morphine, 
c Cocaine. 

d. Murder. 

e. Theft 

8. Are resorts necessary to prevent rape, and vioh 

against diildren and innocent women? 
4. The prostitute's man. 
6. The psycbotogical and moral effect of prostitntion on 

6. The criminal hislory of the oM prostitute. 
!• Remedies* 

c Parols syslcuL 


VL CmiHrmx on Child Piorscnon and Eovcatiom. 
L Lectures lo tcbool chtMren; to boyt uid girli, a 

S. VeKml di«eue«. 

4. laprapcr Lilerature. 

1. TiNitace. 

(. QriUren near iporting houte*. 

T. QMna in relition to sefr«g>ted prostitatJon. 

$. Qrikinn and roMhi tmjAoytd in resort*. 

Vn. CoMMrrm ok Rbcub anq Retoih. 
1. HoBSes (or reformed prosthutes. 
t. Work for the reformed prostitutes. 
I. Fin fcr gettmK girli out of debt itid out of houies of pn 

4 Hotfiteb for sick prostitutes. 

A. VtMRal disctsc boqiitals, 

*. Matmtity hnmes for pregnant prostitutes; for pris illegi 

matelj pregnjnt. to see that they do not fall into liouscs 

T. HooMS for children of prostitutes. 

Vm. Couutrm ok LmtATUte and Metrdos. 

L Lilcratnre: 

«. All literaln-e ofauinable in all languages. 

b. Seek co-operatwn of some research library who haiK 

ioch lilerature. 
c Famish all the members of the Commission with list 
literature covering the various phases of the subjt 
from tane to time, and where such literature maj 
d. Statistics as to prostitution in relation to crime; 
naercal diseases, to illegitimacy. 
S. Metbodi: 

a. Methods employed in other cities and abroad, 
tk Methods proposed but not adopted. 

DC CHHims ON UnHCAL QuBsnoKs. 

1. The harm done by venereal diseases,— directly ; indirectl 
For example, in relation to Uindness and sterility. 

I. The extent of vener ea l disease among professional proatitw 
aasong casual protitntcs; among "Icept" women; amoi 
~~; anoBf children; among nmoccat women, and 


It. Tfe 

11. Sicittiftjr 

IS. Tfce fflr^il'wuk "cifld; ite 

la. Tlie i t gi&UjtMi of maibawkf kospiub* hones and baby 

14. Psy^bekjgf of the 


1« The laws of other comitries in rdatkMi to pfostitutioo. 

S. The vmderlyiag priDdplcs of polke po w er dc f i sc a legal 
basb for a cootrol which probably will oooflict with the 
lines of dectMms of tiie courts of thb conntiy. 

8. Methods suggested wiQ be referred to this conmittce in order 
that this com mi t te e may make them conform to the broad 
principles of police power for which the Commissioa may 
stand; e^edaUy, that they investigate present bws whidi 
shoald be repeided. 

4. New bws to be enacted by the Lcgblatnre. 

5. Treatment of children as witnesses. 

6. A Commissaon for tiie control of p ros ti t u tion with a certain 

amoont of Legislative power. 

7. Laws controlling sq;regation, regulation and registration. 

8. Laws making venereal disease a contagious disease, and under 

this pfxnrision transferring the enure questkm to health 

9. Laws with reference to the legitimatiiing of die illegitfanatc 


10. Hygiene and sanitatkNL 

11. Laws to prevent the detention of prostitutes lor debt. 




I of Ibe pataX American type — a conicience whid 

**a tnurd to the trnth will intUniljr rebel against the Social Evi 

b allbphwa. 

Sm «lio hm i tuperficial knowMKc of the "Continental System' 

I refiilation bated on a cursory reading or surfao 

[ it forward ai a method of relief. One hi 

: trorks on the subject; to study the reports o 

I coaftrencci held in Europe, and to hear the findinf! 

■C CHcfil inrestiKaton to see the unreliability and futility of such i 

^WM^ tMl to tearn of Its falhires as a permanent institution whereve 

^ tu bwB undertskcn in this country or abroad. The Commissioi 

^ <anlatcd ikat the Kxalled System has proved itself degeneratinf 

*^pv ■csctfivaj 

^ Fsrthennore the overwrhelming majority of the ciliiens of Chi 
'"*»i.i. tad the father! and mothers of her children will never couii' 
'^^Mcc tba rtcofMitioa or kgalUatioo of a coiiuncrc;al businet) 
^^vk spelb oaly ruin to the race. It is, tbereforc, incumbent npM 
** b lala a bold •land afabiit tfab curse of society. It behooves ui 
^ itM social life to the highest possible standard of rightcousnesa— 
^ ttach tbe yooth of our land loyalty and honor to womanhood. | 

1V jwrnrmity of die Social Evil problem b no excuse for ui tc 
^***d idly by and do nothinf in an attempt to axAve it The lin ol 
**«i*y may not be cared in a day, a year, or perhaps in geoera- 
*''^*>. Bat tint praatitotion as a c o mmerci al ited business or wi)- 
**^K akin to it, b necessary, can never be oooceded. We assiune thai 
^ earnest, wise, united, and persistent effort on the part of indi- 
*''^»h and oriamicd ironpt in society, we can do something — how 
^■"-h w« can only discover by trial. To say we can do nothing may 
** Wft to tke morally inert; of cootm, they can do nothing-— but 

^a plagnei, epideniics and contagious diseases old as the workl 
**** gbca way before the onslanght of medical aciencei'aa slavery 
* thii eosatry hat been rooted oat by the gradually growing eon- 
"^^w of aa Anerkan conscience ; to may the Social EvU be re- 
flated proper ti OB a tdy as the American people grow in rightcoasoeas 
*■*  the kaowlcdgc of thb curse, which b more blatting than any 
I^CM flr tfUamk; more terribte than any black tlaverT that ever 
"Mid hi thb or any other coontry; more degenerating to tba nwrali 

nmoDVcnoif and sumicart S 

and ideals of the natkm than all other agencies against decency coo 

We may enact laws ; we may appoint Gmimissions i we may aim 
Civic administrations for their handling of the problem; bot the pro! 
lem will remain just as long as the public conscience is dead to tl 
issue or is indifferent to its solution. 

The law is only so powerful as the public opinion which soppof 
it It is the habit of Americans when they make laws to insist ( 
ethical ideals. They will not compromise. They hare been e 
dowed, however, with a fine ability to be inconsistent, and haying on 
declared their ideals to find no difficulty, when it comes to the a 
ministration of the laws, to allow officials to ignore them; to i 
things not in the laws ; and to substitute a practice which b a de be 
law, though technically illegal. This is the basis of graft and tl 
greatest evil in Municipal government 

G>mmissions may be appointed. However valuable their findi^ 
and recommendations may be, unless the public insist no dianges 
the situation will obtain. 

The Social Evil in its worst phases may be repressed. So long 
there is lust in the hearts of men it will seek out some method of e 
pression. Until the hearts of men are changed we can hope for i 
absolute annihilation of the Social Evil. Religkxi and education aky 
can correct the greatest curse which today rests upon mankind. F 
this there is a mighty work for agencies and institutkms of righteon 
ness in our land. 

With these facts in mind the Commission has squarely faced t! 
problem. It has tried to do its duty by placing before the pub! 
the true situation in Chicago. It presents recommendations careful 
and conseientKMisly drawn. Its contribution to the subject of t] 
Social Evil has to do most particularly with Chicago and her pro 
lems. The Commission entertains the hope, however, that its fin 
ings, its discusskms, and its recommendations may help odicr simil 
Municipal Commisskms in their work and deliberatbns. The fir 
Commission to be appointed by a municipality and financed from ti 
City Treasury, it has begun by blazing the way. Other Comuiisskx 
with the experience and knowledge gained from this first fnunicip 
effort may go farther and present greater contributions to the sol 
ject We sincerely hope that such will be the case. 

I loaAi. tm. iif cKiCAOo 

Tlirougbout this report tb« Commissioil 
kM Mil cmrr effort to publish onl]> tudi result* »% would give the \ 
^mofiSitj « comet utd unexaggtraled idea of conditions. At aB | 
taok >Mc heoeM in tbe ilatemeni of conditions, it has asiiumeJ \ 
 <n CtMMli lalire attitude in its criticisms. It believes that only I 
ArNgh HCk an hoant and conservative study an the true situation i 
It |im Id the citimii of the city. Its statemenU, thcfefore, tn . 
M Rode Bo bring discredit upon the city. Loyalty is a prime rtqah < 
iHt ol food dtiacmbip. In that loyalty which is based upon k 
dawik knowledge at its conditions and without seeking to con- 
AHalkr dtiet. the Commtision desires to state its belief that, En 
WMMt, Qrieago is far belter proportionately to its populatbn Ihui 
 af the other large cities of the country. This siatemeni is made 
•Ab 1 careful stmly of conditiotis in fifty-two of ihc largest citiea | 
BftkeoooMtry — a study based on the replies received from, first, iht \ 
Or CVrk. Mcead, tbe head of tbe Health Department, and third, 
pilule iidcul of Police in these fifty-two municipalities. In addition 
fntwl hmatigatioo by One Commission was conducted in some 
tfta of the largest of these cities. Mnch data is in tbe possession 
"' Ac ComnMsion showing the conditiont existing elsewhere upon 

^nlirtna. Tbe Conrniiasion has refraified from unnecessary criti- 
°M of pBblic oftdalt. Present day conditions are better in respect 
lo <fai rice than the city has known in many years. But they are 
*f m nam a crcdk to Chicago. However, this must be remetn- 
■nd; they arc not unique in the history of the city. Present day 
fUk oCcial* arc no more lax in their handling of the problem than 
I for years; as a matter of fact, the regulations re- 
t and open proslitntion under the present police ad- 
more strict in tone and repressive in execution than 
^ htta imoed or pat in operation for many year*. PaUic opinion 
*** aide BO tuitcd demand for a change in the situation. The Com- 
"■■■<<■ fccb, therefore, that all public officials who are equally re- 
VM41t for the present condttions are equally open to criticism. 
^vthcr, that the greatest criticism is due the citizens of Chicago, first, 
^ At amtaat enaioa of tbe p roMem, second, for their ipiorance 
^ UVmaec to Iht litnatioii, and third, for their lack of nnitcd 


effort in demanding m change in the intolerable conditioDS as they nc 

The Police. No one will doobt t it in many instances toch 4 
attitude on the ] t of the pi 1 1 teir officials leads to tlie brea 

ing down of the *ale of i e. But to make the swecpii 
statement of general r i i ihonesty would be anjast to 

large number of men endeavoring do their duty. The C o mmiis i i 
believes, therefore, that the large ity of the police are honest ai 

efficient ; it believes that some are neither honest nor efficient For tf 
former it has the warmest praise — for the latter it has the moat l 
vere condemnation. If the citizens c not depend upon tlie men a| 
pointed to protect their property, i to maintain order, then dm 
and disorganization resulting in ^ ; « id crime must follow. In d 
interest of good government and a c npetent police regime, and 
justice to the honest and conscienti men of the department wl 
desire to do their duty, the dishon t and incompet ent shonld 1 
driven out most speedily. For the type of officer who tnqatm 
saloons and drinks openly with prostitutes, who acts as a gnkle ^ 
houses of assignation, and who recommends certain women for tl 
purpose of prostitution — for this type of police officer Chicago has n 

As above stated, the Gxnmission does not condenm the penmim 
of the police as a whole, but it does condemn the Syste m a Syste 
which has grown notoriously inactive in the handluig of tiie Soci 
Evil, partly because of the tolerative : ttitude of the dtiicns of Ch 
cago, and partly because of its own desire to perpetuate itself as 
System: A System which makes it ssier for the police to 
graft from the tremendous profits reaped from the sale in 
bodies than to honestly do their duty. All credit to the great bod 
of men who have withstood these temptations, and who some day wi 
find a condition where their courage will be amply rewarded. 

A Ward of Appreciation. To the Honorable Fred A. Bus* 
Mayor of Chicago, belongs the honor and distinction of having a| 
pointed this, the first Municipal Commission to study the exisl 
ing conditions of a great city respecting vice and to report such ret 
ommendations as it may deem advisable for the suppresskm thereol 
This fact in itself speaks more forcibly than any mere words of appn 

« jm* woOAL ErtL IK cmcAoa 

tMiai wHdit Mt ConnntMioii ini{ht offer for the honor iml prhr^ 
Iqgi cdtnM la its membert. 

Cradil Itewbc belonp to the mcmbcn of the City Council in that 
■fetf  w i m o u tly concurred in Ibc rccommenililion of the Miyor ind 
iffiifiBliil the fundi UKil in the prepitntion and the printing of 

ttftrtt of CommtUti. The pbn of work as outlined in the be- 

^■% of the Cocmniuion'i ttndy was to give cerUtn subjects to 

ttmi CauuiiUu asking iheni to inqnirc into their subjects and 

KpM to llie CommissMSO as a whole. It was found, however, that 

1> Motets overlapped and as a mult the different Committees re- 

finri oa lobjeet) auigoed to other CommHtccs. It has been neces- 

»T, tfacrefore. to cbtsifj this materia) and bring it ill under proper 

Miini, Tbb lias meant a re-arraBfemeot of the reports, so that 

fc Kpvale duplert arc not the work of anjr special Committee, bat ' 

* WBfflation of the work of several Committees. In other wordx 

^ (afi report stands as the report of the Commission as a whole, 

"A to one chapter can be designated as the findings of anjr special 

C^aittee, ahhoogh the title of the chapter is the same as the name 

"f Ike ComBittec given in the preface. 

^fft 0f C»mim»$i0H'i Work. The Commission is an investigating 

*" agl a proaecntbig body. The ordinance by which it was created 

Vc it BO powers of prosecution and specifically stated the object in 

y** to be — to obtain the results of  scientific study of existing condi- 

*^ aad to point oat methods of relief for such. 

*%e Conmbsion has carefully omitted from the report all names 
** o tf ei k is against the law, as well as addresses. It has also rc- 
^^cd from publishing the numbers of police officers who have been 
"'^■ly acca nolating police rates regarding conduct while on duty 
* ^d as ovcriookinf Uie vkiUtion of the law and of police r^ula- 
^^a. In ptoc* of theae the Commission has used the letter Vi" with 
' ^aafecr foOowinf. Tbete definite addresses, names and number*. 
•^tKi, ar* OB lik in the record* of the Commission. 

It MMt be re w e mb qed that the typical cases throughout the report 
""^ feakoi fnm Hh dafiy reports of the fidd invcstigaton in the cm- 
1^ •! tike Cawiliiion. and are given as their findings. 
fiiUfjiHiiii. Tbc CoBW iiaak w enlcring npoa ita d«tlet ( 


that the first stq> was to Icani of present oonditioiis in tlie < 
Chicago. Mr. George J. Knedand was secored as Diredor 
vestigation to take charge of the investigatiDO, organin the wo 
assist in the i>reparation of the final report Mr. Knedand is 
lege graduate, a social worker of experience, and has had dm 
important inrestigations in other cities. It was in co nn ec ti on w 
work of the Research G>mmittee of the Committee of Fonrt 
New York, for which he had charge of tiie fidd in ves ti g a tion, d 
Commission came m touch with him. The Commission desires 
press the deep obligation which tiie Commission and die c onn nn n 
under for his painstaking, efficient, and conscientious efforts, a 
Commission does so in these, its opening paragraphs. 

Trained expert investigators, both men and women, htgUj i 
mended for their efficiency and rdiability, were placed in the field 
full results of their findings it is impossible to publish; first, I 
of the volume, and, second, because of their uiq>rintable charac 

Two Standards of Moraliiy. Unfortunatdy there are two sta 
of morality in Chicago. One standard permits and applauds 
by women almost naked in certain public places under the guise 
and condemns dances no worse before audiences from the lesi 
perous walks of life. This same h3rpocritical attitude drives ti 
fortunate and often poverty stricken prostitute from the strei 
at the same time tolerates and often welcomes die silken dad 
titute in the public drinking places of several of the most | 
tious hotels and restaurants of the city. Houses of pros! 
patronized by the lowly are closed at varkMis times for varkn 
sons, but the gilded palaces of sin patronized by the wealthy a 
mune from punishment, even to the extent of bdng saved die 
iatkm of appearing upon a police list 

Ignorance of CondiHonS'^triainiy Cofictming Methods. 
Commission has been greatly impressed in its studies with thei 
facts: first, the dtizen's wilful ignorance of the immoral con 
within the city, and second, his off-hand advice as to the proper 

thb cCTtainty u to the bcit solution of the proUct 

disappesreil A period of reruliion igainst condition* kit 

■• to the best coant to pursue lollowtd. Then began tfi 

filled with progress ire studiei based upo 

heMbovatUe UtH, with nerer a backward utep. iltuminating con 

^ (bmos, widt i pr ta d tmrcstlKations in other cities u well as Chi 

K ar>> tbe fallat pouible discassion and debate amongtt iu incRiber 

B h (re^uuil mcetinfi oftm limn from four to twelve hours in dur* 

W <■•. wHb the fualt that new unccrtaintj was changed to a final ccr 

teMj and tharty minds were absohilelj gnanimoui in their conclusloiu 

W| Mieiv soch harmonioos unaniniitf on Ihe part of men and wooici 

fvpiuuiUiiC *e many drvenified callings In life, and »o many group* ol 

•■UH|, MOM be  fair indication of the public mind and conKienci 

■f the ditten o( Qiicaga Again, this nnanimity gives to Ihe dediioc 

 »c%tt wtud% a could not have po«s«ssed had there been a decided 

''•••suite of opmion amongst Hi a m nb cr a witli the possiUe prctenta' 

**• wf a m inority report 

^VlaC it the situatioo today in Chicago? In detail, this may be 
*^vatd in the 6nt Chapter of this report; as a summary we call cs- 
►^j*! altcatka to the facts which follow. 

^ BtHi m i o m • C»mmtrtialist4 Bntiiutt. The Jirst truth that the 
^^Maiviaa dcsini to impresi upon the citizens of Chicago is the fact 
t pTB atHt ioa in this city is a Commerdalistd Biuwu of large 
I with tr e men dous profits of more than Fifteen Million 

''^'Vwa fcr joc OMMrolkd largely by men, not womea Separate 
•^ Mle cxplDitcr f 

r fnm the problem, and we minimite its extent and 
"^Vc fa Sagnat outward expression. In addition we check an artificial 
"^^rias whkfa ha* bees given the friuiMW so that larger profits may 
** mdc br the men expkNiers. It ii abhorrent lo the moral sense 
** « wnwfcy Ukc Chkagn— the second largest c ity in the country— 
* *>tr rifWy ambkxMis to stand high in the world'a achiercmcnla for 
*^*ic mi Mda) bettermeot— that there should be withm lb borders 
^ Vwp or ynufi of men, ricioos and Ignorant to  dcfre*— who arc 

openly and defiantly breaking the laws of the State, and briqgiqf imo i 
refmte the honor of the city.^ 

In juxtaposition with this groap of professional male eirploitn 
stand ostensibly TtspedMt dfiaens, bodi men and women, who as 
openly renting and leasing p iopei ty for exorbitant sums, and dm 
sharing, tiiroo^ immorality of iuvestmentSy the profits from tiB 
Busineu. A Business wUdi demands a supply of fire thonnnd som 
from year to year to satisfy the lust and greed of men in thn cH 
alone. These statements may seem exaggerated and highly oohvci 
but a careful, ultra consenradTe study of conditions in this mnnicipaBi 
has put the Commission in possession of absolute facts upon whic 
to base these conclusions. No language can be too strong, no con 
demnation too severe, for those who haye brought upon Chicago dn 
intolerable situation. 

Present Laws Not Enforced. In the second place the Committiq 
believes that something can be done by law honesdy and efficienti 
administered. Practically no attempt has been made in Chicago to en 
force the present laws.* In place of enforcing the law the police hav 
been allowed to adopt arbitrary rules and uncertain regulations of thes 
own, whereby certain sections of the city have become restr ic t ed dii 
tricts. Here they established their own regulations whidi wcr 
without adequate legal foundation. We have, then, a comhinr 
administrative and legislative power in the hands of a department o 
the local government, which, in turn, is in closest touch with, am 
influenced by, the poltticil factors within the city. With the tie 
mendous financial profits from the Social Evil Busineu from whid 
to draw funds, is it any wonder that the administrative function i 
tempered and exceptions made? Where one makes a rule wUdi i 
known to be in itself contrary to law, is it not to be exp ected thai i 
corresponding sense of freedom will result where the question o 
leniency is raised as to its enforcement Again, it must not be ior 
gotten that the Uw cannot be made subservient to any rules aad icgu* 
hukmi by any group of officials, whether they believe the law wise « 
nnwise, effective hi operatkm or futile in executkm. 

Number of Prostitutes. What is the number of p ro stitu te s fai di 

"Sec Chapief I. "Exitlhig Coodhiom" 

'Sec Chapter III, "Sodsl Evil and the PoKcc." 



 nn mtau. Era. n chicaoo 

Qrif Ckici|o? The Commisskm, aflcr careful deliberalion, fi) 
' it ■attr as apfaraximatdy. Fire Tho tmnd- This includci the 
«h 4b ■e(kiB( cIm for a lirclibood. The clantleslinc and cast 
pifi Mdt np of itnmora) gith and women, married and othi 
*i^ It aaktt no attempt to estimate as there are no definite figui 
4»«iitk M buc an usumption. In the instance of profession 
'pti vert otatnaUc The police lifts, supplemented with Ibc Ui 
''MM ij Ihe Gxnmisuon Invest ipilors, five a total of Fo 
'Wal. Om Hundred and Ninety-four.' Eight hundred ii n 
^ ktft a mmbcr to allow for those otnitlc<l from the police li 
"^ W tf ic o ^ cfe d by the Commission for lack of time and mom 
* a Mart iHr^x ** centos. 

^O^^Mliia H»mtct. The Commission feels that one of the {reate 
*^ni !• yomc pcofile. and an evil for which there is abtolntc 
* QoNC and (or which there shoold be no room in Chicago, is tl 
**i^*MiM hocHs m the loop diMrici and on the main streets Icai 
^ tnm the ume to the three tides of the city. They fnmiib 
who arc living at home as well as f( 
mea to wreck many lives without fcir t 
They arc lar{c In number and flagrant an 

^ tnm OM tame w ine um 
'^^ •( nil lor 70ms |lr1s « 
"^■c M vorfc, ml cadik men 

t tht Stictn. The Commission has found in iu ir 
1 that tbe most dangcroas immoral tnfiucnce, and the moi 
Test, outside of the bustneas of prostitution 1 
^Mital OM in homes, b tbe disorderiy saloons. Tbe proprietori c 
^^*c places are osinf prostitntes as an adjunct to the sale of beer an 
^^^r, aad arc aIlowin{ them to openly solicit for immoral purpes* 
^ tWk rear room*. This b done in spite of the constant statement 
** the brewer* aad wholesale liqoor dealcra that they arc Bfaintt tfa 
^^ «l p f u a lil i te i in aaloom which they supply.* 

KWhig the period of iti hrrcttifation the Conmission baa secnrc 
^^ite iafonBBtloa rcgardinf 44S saknna in d ig ar en t parts of th 
*^. TW his taUga tora baye counted ns nncacorted women hi thei 
^^oaa, wbo bjr their actkiai and cottreraatkm were bdiercd to b 
l"«Mta«ea. la fact they were aolicited bjr more than SM women 1 

^m QhIw L  »»«*<-■ Cwditiri"! " 
%■ Oujlir U, -SwU'kril and Sdeea.' 

- ~v <»>■ 


236 different saloons, all of whom, with the exception of 98, t 
for rooms, "hotels,'' and houses of prostitution over the sakxm 
Another feature of the saloon which is pemicioas, is the tu 
shows of lewd nature conducted in the rear rooms. This b si 
spread in the saloons mentioned in the class above that the 
and police seem to have taken the attitude that because it o 
should be allowed to continue. Many jroung men, to saj nod 
women, have been lured by the entertainment provided in di 
sorts to acts which they never contemplated when they entci 
«aloon for drinks only. Could the general public know the 
of the saloon's degrading influence in so many instances it wc 
sistently demand an immediate and permanent change in the si 
The Commission is absolutely convinced that there should be 
plete separation of the saloon and the business of p ro stiUitk 
this immediately. 

Protection of Chiidren. We often forget that society owa 
to the protection of the children. Those of mature years can 
generally to guard themselves; but in the case of youth and ign 
society must take the part of the elder brother, and in many 
the part of the father as an educator and guardian. 

From its study of existing conditions in Chicago the Comi 
feels that if there is to be any permanent gain in the fight agai 
Social Evil in this city, much care and thought must be giv 
problem of child protection and education. In the Chapter devi 
this situation it is shown that the children in certain sectioos 
city are surrounded by many unmoral influences and dangers, 
are compelled by reason of poverty to live within, or in dose 
imity to^ restricted prostitute districts. Even in residential • 
children come in contact with immoral persons, and gain an 
knowledge of tilings which may uifluence their whole life and 
them in tiie wrong directkxi. 

One of tiie sad spectacles h this great city is the night d 
who sell gum, candy and papers on the streets. These Itttle r 
become creatures of independent habits before they reach the i 
puberty. Through habits learned by loitering near saloow 
even in the rear rooms frequented by prostitutes and vile mes 
beoome iamiUar with the vulgarity and immorality of the stre 

km tbtir Unfiucc antl wayt of life. All of thtt knowledge, far 
hjimUhBt yrar\, re»uKs in defiuce on tlw part of these children 
ipM lutBtal wiH and autboritT'. That children should be kepi off 
<h tmn tt rifht kf the police, and tlul parent* should be impressed 
*M At impdrtangi of the most strict supervision of the child's 
WPrsfiwiil kaun, are two matten of the i^eatest moment iti the pro- 

TV iMntifations by the Commiiiion show that messengers and 
■*4tft hire an iDltmatc knowledge of llie ways of the underworld. 
IhiraHal Mnse ii *o blunted a» to be absolutely blind to the dcgre- 
'MiMif woncn and the file influence of vicious men. Thus early in 
^Aiftecame ditnscd both in body and soul and grow up to enUr 
^ilontr of crime and lusL I 

I'M |Dod H beuif accomplished by various philanthropic orgait- 
^*Mi pactiodarly tbe Jtnrenik Protective Association, in calling tbi 
^**c Minition to thete grave danger*, and caring for children who 
** *ictiBH of Mch enviroanicnti.* 

■V Commiatioa heartily endorses all attempts to provide health- 
'■' Md carefully guarded places of recreation for the childrea It 
*** Mt lyinpAtbut with those who simply stand by to criticize with- 
"•♦■g aaythific in  constructive way to provkle something whole- 
""t far that which may demoralize. Children must and abould have 
'^■BMitt tad recreation, and they will find it in some way. Let 
'■UlU iacraae her small parks and recreation centers. Let the 
'■■iJms give of their facilities to provide amusement for chQdretL 
^ tkc Board of Educatk>n extend its efforts in establishing more 
*tU cmcn in the public (cboolt. Let the city provide dean dancea. 
*^ rtipm>oed — •• they arc now in the public ichoob Social Center*. 
^ E dm emlitm, Many of the immoral influences and dangers which 
** etMtaatly aa r ronnd ii ig yoang diildren on the street, in tbeir 
^Mnaeats, and hi bosbwai life, may be counteracted and minimised 
h prapcr aaoral tea du ng and acientific inatnictlon. Edncslon have 
(■^ to fed Hmethiiv iboakl be done directly by teachen in adsooto 
*N riMrkcrt to inpart aome kind of Instnictkm to coanteract dw 
d b««Mga wUdh cliQdren aeqnirc from evil Morcei. 
^TWC iiiiiiiliiliiii bdkm that in the ciac of diiklrcn beymd dw 
iHOvtor V. ■CUU rmttAm aad Vmatiam.' 

nrnKMyucncm amd mmMAMt 

age of paberty sex hygiene may be tau^t in sclioob under carefi 
trained and scientifically instructed teachers. For yonnger cfafldi 
the i>arents should do the teadiing as the part of a sacred du^. 
the case of the father being unwilling to do so, let the family phyik 
be asked to teach the son. The mother, with her maternal instii 
will find the way and means to warn the daughter of the dang 
which may beset her. In colleges and universities sex hygiene sho 
be universally taught The Commission feels that the teaching of i 
hygiene in schools is an important movement which, while not 
past the experimental stage, promises great advances in the pros 
tion of child protection for the future. But it is certAtn that hno 
edge of sex hygiene alone can never be successful in saving the d 
until it is based upon religious conviction and sound moral traani 

The lack of home instruction in the use and abuse of sex ocf 
and relationship leads many children to a knowledge gained in i 
ways with unhappy results. Fortunate, indeed, is the boy or girl, n 
has a father or mother as a confidant with whom there may be t 
conversation concerning the natural functions of the body — a ooov 
sation raised almost to a point of spirituality because of the para; 
pure love for the child, and the child's unfaltering trust in 1 
parent. If more fathers and mothers could be companions aad co 
rades with their children there would be far less need of Comno 
skms of this kind to solve perplexing problems for the parents. 

We record our conviction that while intelligence regarding sex 
matters, if dictated by moral sentiment, is a safeguard to the yoi 
of the' community, yet the indiscriminate circulation of sex 
information among children by means of books and pamphlets m 
gests a danger which ought not to escape attention. These pubB 
tions are of two sorts. The first includes the vicious prints which e^ 
assume the guise of helpful instruction to accomplish their puip^ 
The second comprises those works on sexual science which, widi ' 
best intent, are prepared for the use of children. We are finnijr 
the' opinbn that such material should be used by parents and 6fi 
Instructors of the children in securing information which they 9 
inqMut to those in their care, rather than by the children themsd 
in whose hands it is liable to awaken morbid curiosity and to resull 



t the careful examination of all material of thii ni* 

I 10 chJMren lot purchaM and (he suppression of ludl 

Idoot ia inlent. Publithent and booksdlers of the ol>> 

mmtwritl thuuld not be allowed to sell to children. 

TWAailivM m Colored Commitmtifj. The history of the social 

*<'bCUagO '** mtimatrlj connected with (he colored populattoik 

InrU^ He larfer vice diilrkts have been created within or near 

fc iWliiiinKi of colortd people. In the past history of the city. 

•■Hy erwy time a new vice di*trict was created down town or oa 

fc Sgnb SMe. the colored families were m the district, moving ia 

^ iliead of tbe proMiiutrs. The litaation along State street from 

Mk Rrm unlh is an illnstratiotL 

. Stabamr prostitnlcs, cadets and thuK* were located among white 

/ IMl nd had to be morcd for commercial or other reasons, thojr 

**tirii«»la andeiirable parti of the city, the so-called ci^ored rctU 

^■W Ndfou. A fonner Chief of Police gave out a semt-oflicilj 

••*M»fnC to the effect thai »o long as this degenerate group of persons 

°^ind tlMir residence to districts west of Wabash avenue and east of 

^•^■wlli tvctHM thejr woaM not be apprehended. This part of the 

r^^y 11 Ibe hrfcM re s iden c e section of colored families. Their charches, 

^^dty icfaoab and societies, are within these boundaries. In thi^ 

Moity there is a Urge number of disorderly salomi*, 

, assignation rooms and houses of ill-fame. An in- 

, I thonrs Aat there are several thousand colored people in 

^ nrA. Second nd Third Wards where these vtcions conditions 
^ViiL Under these conditions in the Second and Third Wards there 
*% Mn yooag colored boyi and girb. 

Ia addirtcB to this proximity to immoral conditions young colored 
fc% arc often forced into idleness because of a prejudice against 
^^% Mid Ifaej are ereotnally forced to accept positions as maids in 
^^■Hi nv pnintntioci- 

taflgpmM agtKlM do not hesitate to send colored girls as servants 
^ !!■■ hMMi. They make tbe astounding statement that tbe law 
*»m Mt alow tinn to Mad white girls bat they will fnmlsb colored 


h MMalig ip it b SB appanfav fact that practically all of tbe 
*h mt taMk MmaK eaoDeeted with bontca o( proa thuti on in vice 


districts and in disoftleily flats in residcntid leclioiis are T 

majority of entertainers in disorderiy saloons on the Sooth Side a 
colored men who lire with, and in part upon, the p ro ce e d s of wh 

The apparent discrimination against the colored citiaens of the c 
in permitting Tice to be set down in their very midst b unjnstt a 
abhorrent to all fair minded people. Qdored children should rccd 
the same moral protection that white children receive. 

The prejudice against colored girls who are ambitioiis to earn 
honest living is unjnst Such an attitude eventoally drives them ii 
immoral surroundings. They need special care and protectioa on ' 
maxim that it is the duty of the stroQg to hdp the weak. Any eft 
therefore, to improve conditions in Chicago should provide more whi 
some surroundings for the families of its colored citiiens who i 
live in communities of colored people. 

Perversion. As the very outset of the Commission's investigat 
its attention was called by several persons to the practice of (cx 
perversion which was said to be very prevalent and growing in ( 
cago. The investigation of the Commission bears out thb assert 

It must be understood that the perpetrators of these various fonm 
sexual perversion can be regarded as those who may be punished ui 
the law relating to infamous crimes. The result of the investigai 
of this evil has been mcorporated in the chapter on The Social 1 
and Its Medical Aspects.^' 

Sources of Supply. The investigation of the Commission on 
sources of supply has resulted in a large amount of illuminating i 
sad and pitiful in its details. This information has been supplemn 
by the results of other investigations undertaken by various protec 
organizations, including the Juvenile Court, which has been coof 
by the Commission. The chapter on ''Sources of Supply^ is am 
the most important in this report and it is suggested that it be i 
in full. On account of its length, it is difficult to make a somni 
some prominent features may be noted, however, u bearing t 
the general problem. 

Wherever there is a demand, artificial or otherwise, there mm 
a supply. In another part of this report the co ns erv a tive estl 

*Set Chapter VII, page flit. 

1«R mxta. KTOi tH CHICAGO 

I Am tkcTv arc at Init five tbouund profusioaa] prostitute! 

k 4VTifr Hcdical men affirm that the average life of these ua> 

lovttnMt voncB for tervlce is from five to leven yean. Thus H 

WH«n dM fnsh ynvng firb muit be eontinuall)' supplied to take 

Ihc fbcc of thoae who die or are rendered useless by disease. Where 

to ttae mtm victioH cook from ? Is the demand supplied ? 

Fnm At awa al cviitence we leant thai the path which leads down 

onstanlly filled with young recruits who gO 

I by the want of necessities of life, by a desira 

! hncancs, by igrwnnce, by vain hopes, by broken 

I, by tbc deceit ami Inst of men. 

Th Immiftmmt. The mwnifTinl woman furnishes a large supply 

b At 4r^it Generally virtuous when she eomes to this countxyi 

At ii nriMri «ad cxptoiied because there is no adequate protection 

Hi anfataact pven hci- after she readies the United States. That 

■ito f HWi i te a eont (rem foreign eonntriei is of course true, but 

fti Federal Goremmen!, espe<rially through its officials in Chicago, 

hifaccaMsderabletostspthia iniportatioa The White Slave Act, 

■nady pnaed by Coogreaa, has been most effective in mmimiziog the 

Mc 11 foreign women. Moch needt to be done, however, to protect 

^ iMooM inmi g raul who is be tray ed and led into an immoral life 

^ hndng in New York or elsewhere. The care of immigrant 

*<Ha, ipoa tlietr arrival in Chicago, needs supervision. Immigrant 

pb ietU not be left to private expressmen and cab drivers, to be 

^ la AcJr relMiva and friends in the city, because of Incorrect 

iMoKs or the cardcasnesa or vicioiu intent of the driver*. 

M ff Msff ConMsMu. The snbjcct under consideration alMuld bring 

'■nN Baal proainrntly, loo, the (act that the supply come* largely 

^ hid hoaw c aadHfa m and lack of recreational privileges. In a 

■II aa^tf ef cnacs investigated, the home cooditioni have con- 

*AMid lok K not caoaed, tlie downfall of many a wife and daughter. 

Ai «■ ba acta in the chapter on "Sources of Sopfdy,"  the perversion 

^ tht mttmti an rdadomfaips by immorality of the guardian, by the 

"> aanpla of  brolber, sister, or other relative, and by the abase 

** At — tfagi rilMlsn Is die spceifie soarcc of ttie mia of nnay 

^O^tv IV, -Umtm mt Wm»T' 


SUtements are often made and, in tome instances warrantdl 
facts, that the excessire demands opon the mother bccanse of a h 
family of children, without sufficient income or hdp to care for tb 
is also the occasion for many neglected children going astray. 1 
statement is also made and supported by facts, learned from loqg a 
faithful experience in caring for dependent and delinquent chikb 
that more delinquent. girk come from small families where they 
spoiled, than from large families where there may be poverty, ha 
sort of unconscious protective union of the children shieldiqg < 

White Slave Traffic. The subject of the so-called White Slave Ti 
fie has attracted much attention throu^out this and foreign oooatr 
The term "white slave," is a misnomer. As a matter of fact the tn 
is not confined to white girls, but to all unfortunate girls aad woi 
of all colors, races and nationalities. The use of this term, bowei 
is authorized by the National Government and was incorporated 
the international law on the subject A ''white slaver** in reality i 
man who employs men or women or goes out himself to secure | 
upon some false pretense, or misrepresentation, or when the giri, 
toxicated or drugged, and not in possession of her senses, is ooove 
to any place for immoral purposes. 

If the girl is wayward and goes of her own free will she w( 
not be a white slave in the true sense of the word ; nor the maf 
woman who induced her to go or accompanied her to an imn 
place a "white slaver." However, any man or woman who indi 
or accompanies any woman to enter an immoral place is guilty m 
the Illinois Pandering Act 

It has been demonstrated that men and women engaged in 
"white slave traffic" are not organised. Their operations, how^ 
are so similar and they use the same methods to such an extent th 
is safe to infer that they are in some way working together. 

Divorce. The Vice Gmunission, after exhaustive oonsaden 
of the vice question, records itself of the opinion that divorce to a I 
extent is a contributory factor to sexual vice. No study of tfiis t 
upon the social and moral life of the country would be oomprehef 
without consideration of the causes which lead to the applfcatioi 
divorce. These are too numerous to mention at length w such a n 

a nm aoQAL mm. im chicaoo 

» IkM, bat the Coa«ut»ion does with to emphasize the great need 
•( ^Hn nfcfnardi tfBiiut Uk marrying of ptnona physicallv. men- 
Uj aaj monDj unfit to lakf np the responsibilities ol family life, in- 
iMii^ the harint of chjidrvo. 

S*t *tlmm Cmmifi. An apf>1kaiioo for a license of anjr kind, whether 
'te ^CHHfTvct a hoaM, run a pu»h cart, peddle shoe strlnKS, or keep 

* '^K ■»( be accompanied with CTidences that the applicants are 
t and reliable acenls. But (or a nurriaee license, one per- 

d and nn fcj iow n and, as far as one can know, an rpilq)tic, 

. or who ha* in hb blood « loathsome venereal disease. 

s hii name through a window with that of a similarly qties- 

fanale, likewise anknown, and be granted the divine right 

c his kind atsd bi torn thereby placing a burden and a blight 

* Aodtty and the cammunity for generations to come. The whole 
'■J«U of nk ciion in cooMction with the institution of marriage is of 
*'*f HTfprirtitKc in cnnnectinn with the social evil. Unwi« selection 
fHlaui i — mmra ble contribohxy agencies through unhappy mar- 
"■l**, iiberi te d d eg e n e racy and diaease, and the dtrorce evil. 

"^ha Eetmwmic Sid* «f tin Quttlio*. The life of an unprotected 
C** who tries to make a living in a great city is fall of torturing 
'^^MatiaaL Firat, she facet the problem of living on an inadequate 
•■%•: Six dollara a week is die average in mercantile establuh- 
*^ti. If the were living at home where the mother and sister could 
^*^ her with maiding, sewing tod washing, where her board would 
** ^MJ p«i hapi only a dollar or two towards the burden carried 
'I ike other members of the family — where her lunch would come 
I'^M the family larder — then her condition might be as good as if she 
'■'•id cigli doOar* per week. 

 kc gkt who has no home soon learns of "city poverty" all the more 
ti*cl Is her bccnne of the ftrtifidal contrasts. She quickly teams 
■^ ^ yotiibflHlu aboat her, of the joys of comfort, good food, cnter- 
*^^BB^ MfJMUve ciotbeSi Poverty becomes a menace and a snare* 
t^ wh» hat not beheld the stmggle or come hi personal contact 
*^Al tainted sool of the um tet p akl girl can never realise what the 
P*»l| •( the dty mtaaa to ber. One who hu never seen bcr bravely 
VHif l^faM sndi fcarfol odds wOl ever mderatand. A day's skk- 
■MwivMkflMof work arc trigedtet hi ber life. They mean trip* 

nmoDUcnoN Ain> bummast 

to the pawn brokers, meagre dinners, a weakened will, often a phn 
into the abyss from which she so often nerer escapes. 

Hundreds, if not thousands, of girls from country towns, and tb 
bom in the city but who have been thrown on their own rcsoun 
are compelled to lire in cheap boarding or rooming houses oo 
average wage of s2x dollars. How do they exist on thb sum? U 
impossible to figure it out on a mathematical basis. If the wi 
were eight dollars per week, and the girl paid two and a half dollars 
her room, one dollar for laundry, and sixty cents for car fare, she wo 
have less than fifty cents left at the end of the week. That b p 
vided she ate ten cent breakfasts, fifteen cent luncheons and twefl 
five cent dinners. But there is no doubt that many girls do live 
even six dollars and do it homstly, but we can affirm that tl 
do not have nourishing food, or comfortable shelter, or warm dotf 
or any amusement, except perhaps free public dances, without outs 
help, either from charity in the shape of girls' clubs, or friends in 
country home ; How can she possibly exist to say nothing of live? 

Is it any wonder that a tempted girl who receives only six doO 
per week working with her hands sells her body for twenty-five d 
lars per week when she learns there is a demand for it and men i 
willing to pay the price? On the one hand her employer demai 
honesty, faithfulness and a "clean and neat appearance,** and for 
this he contributes from his profits an average of six dollars for eff 
week. Her honesty alone is worth this inadequate wage dbrcganH 
the consideration of her efficiency. In the sad life of pros ti t u tioi^ < 
the other hand, we find here the employer demanding the sorreod 
of her virtue, pays her an average of twenty-five dollars per wei 
Which employer wins the half starved child to his side in thb miefi 
battle? It would be unjust, however, to cast any reflection upon dK 
girls who are brave and pure, by intimating that because they a 
so small a wage they must necessarily be in the same class with tk 
other girls who, unable to survive longer the heroic battle agaii 
poverty and self-sacrifice, have succumbed and gone down. 

IVostitution demands youth for its perpetration. On the pal 
rests the mighty responsibility of seeing to it that the demand b i 
iupplied through the breaking down of the early edncatioii of t 
young girl or her expkritatkNi in the business worM? What sb 

M TBS aoaAL ntt. m chicaoo 

ka* (he B tbc coniprtilire tjActn wtikb exbtt today? Whatever he 
(^■ts mmy be, to Hand or to fall, the it here in hordes in the businei 
*BvU M onr prnbkm. Let m do lomethii^ to give her at least . 
fc'iai «•(£. If ihc i« not sufBcirntty skilled to earn it let ui ml; 
MavM r«B(ian« jnslice with ottr butineti and do »omethin{ to in 
B«aK her cScicncr which iht has never been able to develop througl 
■» ink of her own. 

An leth and blood » clieap, mental qualilkaltonf m> comtnon am 
of w tittle value, that the manager of one of our big dc 
stores Inb jntltiied in paying a high kI>ooI girl, who ha 
Wwcd atari; one year ai an inspector of sales, the beggarly wagi 
■C #Utper wed(7 What is the natural result of such an induitria 
■^■Mnf Disincicily and immorality, not from choice, but need 
^^— ii order to live. Wc can forgive the hunun frailty which yieM: 
\ ^ tOftatiaa trader todi conditions— 4>ul we cannot forgive the soul 
**» rofpontjoo. which arrests and prosecute* this girl — a first of 
™der when abe lake* aome little articles for personal adomtnent 

^ tfMi'f Ptrl. The end of the battle is not yet (or thoM girL 
*"> aif w g g h oa alone and unprotected with their ntore pressmi 
""■■cU pniUcras. The greatest menace is before her— the Man 
^ ^ as be nxets her at the door of her place of employment I So 
''^ *a sbe Tctmts to her cheap boarding bouse I Huddled away amon| 
"""■•c and vulgar male companions, lonely, underfed and hungry— 
^B>7 not ooly (or (ood, but (or a decent shelter, (or a borne, (oj 
^"^^ (or • lynpatbetie touch or word ; tired from a bard day'i 
^ «»ti to tbe point of recklessness — starving for honest pleasnrei 
■N ^nneBeBta—and with what does she meet? The advance* ol 

t cither a ^ark of bravery or honor, who hunt as tbcii 
■*■* M pnj lUs impoverished girl, this defensele** ehiU o( pov- 
*"!* Mipniaetcd, aalowtd and mcarcd (or as she b plunged into tbt 
"^'^^^ acctMng Mrcaan ol btuaaidty : tht advance* of men who ui 
** ^v that they have loat eren/a sense of (portsmaMhip, and who 
M^ a* their gamt a> nderfed, a tired, and a tonely girL 

S^ i rfu ^ hi* what of Mm? She goe* down, and I* finally lacri- 
(■■t to a Bfc ol •hMM, hM what of hia7 Ha cacapc* as a "raonnccr." 

mTBODUcnoH ahd mmMAKt ^ 

Rescue and Reform. One of tiie most iii^KMtant tasks undertake^ 
by the Gmunissioii was that of reporting on the subject of the resotf 
and reform of immoral girls and Women. This problem presents man; 
interesting phases, and can only b^ solved by wise methods and will 
the help of good men and womeiL Too often this help is widihdc 
by the very ones who should extbid it The feeling against tiiesc 
unfortunate women is still very string in these days, and it is sekkn 
that persons can be found who will furnish a wholesome Christiaii 
home environment which is so much needed in any plan to touch dM 
lives so troubled and degraded. Outlide of this very effective method 
of reaching this class of women there has not been any scheme sog- 
gested for their reformation. One of the chief reasons for this, nc 
doubt, is that no system of reformation substitutes anything for dM 
abnormal impulses to which these women are subjected. Some lifi 
must be devised whereby the abnormality of their existence can bi 
controlled. Unless this is done it would seem that the reformatioi 
of the professional prostitute is almost hopeless. 

Causes Which Lead to Downfall. Any plan of reformatioo mom 
take into consideration the causes which lead to the downfall of dies- 
unfortunates. After an exhaustive study of the whole field the Cocn 
mission feels that among the causes which influence girls and wome: 
to enter upon a life of semi-professional and professk>nal prostitutk>i 
are the following: First, lack of ethical teaching and religious in 
struction; second, the economic stress of industrial life on unskiOes 
workers, with the enfeebling influences on the will. power; diirdt da 
large number of seasonal trades in which women are espedaUy es 
gaged; fourth, abnormality; fifth, unhappy home condidoiis; sixdl 
careless and ignorant parents; seventh, broken promises; eighdit tov" 
of ease and luxury; ninth, the craving for ex ci teme n t and diaqge 
tenth, ignorance of hygiene. 

Once plunged into this life dirou^ these or any other causes da 
prostitute sinks lower and knrer. She finds herself a part of a crM 
commercialized business. She b driven to excessive indulgence in ml 
kinds of vice, besides the one particular vice so abhorrent^ in orde 
to bring extra profits to her keeper, and to the men who profit ot 
her sin and shame. These attendant vices, sudi u drink and the UM 
of drugs, coupled with the demands upon her nervous system ia per 


H Ac Hlibu demradnl of ber, toon render her the most p3 

•'allcfap. Aa one pbpieiui who hii had « Urge practice in ven 

AvMi wA pat k, "The life ti agsiiitt biology a« well m eociol 

(W7 ire ifl mo«t caset gtme phfiically, gone nervously, gone socta 

Htm Cm Vwfert^oatr Wtmt* Bt RttcutdT How can these 

a be helped and taved to tociety? Some well mea 

t they thonld be left to their fate; that they 

I tbonld be treated as such. The Commission doei 

'■*' Ite flib ii an answer to the problem. They are human b( 

"% ior a line riiunbiing In the de^hs of iin and shame, but 

g how low they have uinken in the social scale they ca 

, If Vf MOW method they can be made to (eel the toiid 

t Vfm^tlirf and human love. 

No doabt, 4atEfig the coming months many of these women, no' 

^^■•ca, mmI (w the Krects, and in Ihc saloons, will be cut loose I 

^■fr ■■iimiiitiii,! bj the cfTectrre operation of die taw. Some 

n mwH be made to help them. To put them in prison wltl 

I for their spiritual or physical needs would only teni 

»dt tbem vtill lower and send them back to a life of shame In i 

nty in a worse condition than (hey were before. 

^hmHsh Fminf Sytttm. Two very practical things can be d 

t b to abobth the fining system now in vogue against the s 

] and professional prostitutes. This system leads to n 

a and b in no way reformatory. If the girl does not have 

f lo pay her fine or secure bail, she must borrow, often I 

. and thil generally adds a link in the chain which binds her t 

i Utc. If she has money the fine or the cost of the bail I 

*V fnhMy make her permilets. In either case she must retur 

*** street, the hcutf or the saloon, and plunge into reckless exo 

 <*Ju (o earn the money. First offenders, especially, inslcai 

^'^S fawd or imprisoned should be placed on probation under 

^"'^ of btlclligent and sympathetic women olRcially connected 

"* Vtmt, Tboc women can not only watch over these onfortii 

ff'^^ mt iMm with them, but can secure employment for lh« 

'^^■l IhM to their home*. This adult probation %jMn^ has pr 

" ^ not taeceasfnl in other dtiei In reaching this class of c 

^^* Ulowinc b soggcsted in Ihc fotm of relief: 

i - 

nmoDucnoN and summabt 4 

Industrial Homes. Old and hardened offenders, weakened by di 
ease» their wills sapped and gone by drugs and the artificial ejodl 
ment of their degraded lives, should be sent to an industrial ism 
with hospital accommodations on an indeterminate sentence. Q 
yiously it is necessary that son^e such measures of almost drastic ca 
trol should obtain, if such women are to be permanently helped ^ 
society served. Such women are described by one writer as: *T1m 
dubious divinities of the gas light and the pavement r e pr e s e nt 1 
eternal sacrifice of woman, the tragedy of her abasement, her oba 
ence to the world.^ 

To Men^A Closing Word. In closing this introductioa the Cm 
mission desires to say one more' word to those, who support this ba 
ness of women's souls, whether as barterers of the body, or those w 
demand the service — the Man. There is only one moral law— it b ali 
for men and women. Again, there is a contract called matrintf) 
which is a solemn contract made be tw een those who love. It carr 
with it the elements of vested rights— even a solemn promise beft 
God. A signature rq>resents honor — it is there — likewise a promttc 
it is there. Has this contract been kept inviolate? If not, why not? 

To one who hears the ghastly life story of fallen women it b ci 
the same — the story of treachery, seduction and downfall — the flagia 
act of man — the ruin of a soul by man. 

It is a man and not a woman problem whidi we face today- 
commercialized by man — supported by man — the supply of fresh vidiB 
furnished by men— men who have lost that fine instinct of chhfsk 
and that splendid honor for womanhood where the destmctkm of 
woman's soul is abhorrent, and where the defense of a woman's porii 
b truly the occaskm for a valiant fight 

Proposed Ordinance. 


The Vice Gmunissioo presents the f oUovring ordinaiioe for tb 
sideratioD of the liCajor and Ckf Coimcil of CSikafo: 

Be ii Ordamed by ike CUy CaumcU of Ckicmfo: 

Section 1. That there shall be and hereby is created in ai 
the City of Chicago, a commission to be knoim as the '^orab 
mission of the Gtf of ChicagOt** the members of wUdi shall t 
pointed by the Mayor with the j^iproral of the Gty Coond 
which commission shall consist of five (6) persons who shall be 
fied electors of said city and each of whom shall have resided t 
at least one year preceding his appomtment The Co mmitiia 
Health of the City of Chicago shall be ex-ogieio one of the m 
of said commission. A second member of said commission shi^ 
physidan in good standing. 

Section 2. The members of said commission shall take di 
of office and file the bond prorided by law for officers of sak 
Provided that no additk>nal bond shall be required of the b 
of said commisskm who shall be the Commissioner of Health < 
city. Such bond shall be in the penal sum of One Thoosand 1 
($1,000), and shall be conditioned according to law. 

Section 3. The term of office of the Commissk>ner of Hei 
ex-officio member of said commission, shall be during the tin 
he shall be Commisskmer of Health o'f the City of Chicaga 
term of office of the other members of said commisskm shall I 
(2) years and until their successors shall be appointed and qui 
The Commissk>ner of Health of the City of Chicago shall not i 
any additional compensatkm as a member of said commission, 
other members of said commisskm shall senre without co mp em 
It shall be the duty of the Commisskmer of Public Works of tfi 
of Chicago to furnish to said commisskm suitable quarters w 

SicnoN 4. Said commisskm shall have power to appoint a 
derk and assbtant derk, one attorney and assistant attomej 
medical inspector and assistant medical mspectors, and such odie 


 iwm BMUi. Kvn. m ckicaoo 

* M7 bt mtetatary. The cornpenulton of all luch oflScert and help 
H' fthtt txfotttt of nkl commiuion shall be iuch as may from 
(■r to time be ftxed by the City Council. 

SKnon S. It ihall be the duty of uid commission to take all 
'V ud otcoMTj iteps towanb the efleclnal supprcstton of bawdy 
"Ibordcrir haas«.hi>Bic>ofill-fatK or assignation within the limits 
■I >W Gt7 of Oitcago, and within three (3) miles of the outer 
^M^irin of the ctty : to collect evidence of the violation of any autc 
■*> Md city onlinaaccs concerning anjr of such houses, and the Icecp- 
■^ ^Wi ud palroni of the same ; and to institute and carry on J 
f^Ha^am ia the name of the City of Qucago against any of mM I 
feliM. mit beeper*, inmates and patrons. | 

Sacnott t~ Ssid committioa dull hare power and authority to 
mta roles aad rcgnUtiooa (or the conduct of the busiocM of said 
^iBiniaa aad odKrwitt not mcoMblciil with the prorisJoiu of 


The Vice Commission presents the foUovring reoommendatioi 
the consideration of the Federal, Itate, CoaxAj and Gty astk 
public officials and various organisations: 


I. A Federal Bureau of Ii gration should be established ii 
distributive centers, such as Ch 3, to provide for the safe o 
of immigrants from ports of 37 to their destination. B 
legislation should be enacted i 1 p ssent laws enforced in sudi 1 
ner as to deal the traffic in w< n rithin the boundaries of t&i 
as thoroughly as the Federal 1 orities have dealt with the 
national traffic. 

II. The law regardmg the use of boats for prostitution p« 
should be enforced. 

III. The owners of lake steamers should exercise more vj| 
enforcing their rules. 

IV. There should be more officers with police powers on 
kdce steamers. 

V. The sale of intoxicating liquor to minors should be abai 
prohibited on lake steamers. 

VI. All gambling devices should be suppressed on lake sle 

VII. The Commisskm condemns the ease with which di 
may be obtahied in certam States, and r ecommends a striogca 
form divorce law for all States. 




' ^^''c ftcoBwi ew d ttiM Ibe 5<at« authorities, the Qiicago Mcdtc 

^''"^•. or the Monli Commission investigate and report on mii 

*"*'• ^h^crtned nutcmitj hospiuU, medical advfrtisements, adve 

•■^   m^K\ui I and regular physicians who are suspected of being i 

*■*•■ ^t*o be abortioaidL 

'^ ^-Tijniciani who advertise treatment and cure of venereal di 
<■»•• '**Mild coroe under the provisions of Section IS, Oiapler 9 
si dN * SHiiiob RcTtscd Statutes, providing for the licensing of Itlnerai 

*"- "y/i recommend that (he State authorities or the Morals Con 
'''"'^ eoadaet an mvcati^tion of employment agencies. 

"■ *Tfct Mlvcrtts<Tnents of employment agents who advertise i 
~^^0 |Mpm pnUiibed in foreign languages should be carefull 
"*4 and the advertisers investigated. 

' Pnblisbert (hould be warned against inserting the advertiw 
'^ M niflpicioiu employ me nl agencies, 

^ Employment agents should be carefully instructed regardJn 

^^v appiicabk to tbem. 

^^ * t. We recommend the enactment of a new Illinois law providin 

^^ ^Bcdkal certificates mast be secured showing bearer is free fm 

7^*^^ gDoorrboea and otber venereal diseases before a marru| 

^^XL Tbe law regarding infamous crimes should be altered an 

^^^ specific under the guidance of acientific men who underMan 

*^ practkei so as to make it clearly understood that society regard 

^^ ahhofiam deeds as crimea. 

^^- We recommend the passage of an atnendment to tlie preset 

AM Uor law to the effect that no person under the age of twcnt] 

«> «hd be anptoyed in Ac night meatenger serncc. 

%- Wc WB SWi nead tiie enactment of State laws and City on) 

P0f»t vhcnby a boose of proatitntioa may be declared a paU 

^f^tt, mi CBtaiwii^ prorteiona expretaly giving to anr cSm 

the right to institute simple md summarj prooeediofi ia e^ity fi 
tbatement of the nttisanoe. 

XL We recommend the repeal of the law of 1874^ as to 1 
of fll-fame or prostitution (CSiapter 24 Rerised StatnteSp Put 1« 
cle 6, Section 1, paragraph 45) in so far as such limits tiie p 
of the Department of Health; and most strongly recommend the < 
ment of such legislation as will empower the Gxnmissioner of B 
after due investigation, to declare any such house a place oi 
tagious disease — and to order same closed and abandoned. 

XII. There should be a relentless prosecution and pamshm 
professional procurers. 

XIII. There should be constant prosecution of all keepers ai 
mates of existing houses of prostitution^ as wdl as owners of te 
erty rented or leased for immoral purposes. 

XIV. There should be a more strict supenrteion in Ikensim 
inspecting the practice of midwives and physicians aad prose 
of druggists who sell drugs and certain appliances illegal^. 

XV. An identification system for pro sti t ut es should be estab 
in the State Courts. 

XVI. In dealing with prostitution fines should be abolishei 
imprisonment or an adult probation system substituted. 

XVII. A law should be enacted providing a penalty agatns 
person who knowingly places or permits to remain in a dba 
house or in an unlicensed saloon, inn, tavern or other unlicensed 
where malt or spirituous Ikiuors or wme are sold, any instrumi 
device by which oommunicatkm can be had be tw een sndi disa 
house, saloon, inn, tavern, or unlicensed place, and any office or 
of business or habitatkm of a corporat i on or person. 

XVIII. A law should be enacted provMing a penalty agatm 
corporation or person employing messenger boys, or knowingly at 
any messenger boy under twenty-one years of age to any diao 
boose, unlicensed sakx», inn, tavern, or other unlicensed place ' 
flult or spirituous liquors or wines are sold, on any errand or bo 

XIX. We recommend that immediate legislatk» be aooght 



■ft I Kcoad fcbool for wayward glr ti in the Sute of Illinois, said 
liaiM to be tslabtiahcd in tome other part of the State, ralhei 
: H exmid the iiulltution at Genera. The latter institution i; 
1 and the numbers there are all that can be ^vented satis- 
™ctOiiI]r bjr one super intcndcni. 

XX. We recqwimettd legrilaiion providing for the organization of 
c Mgracj with paid agcnU who have followed a special in- 

t, aad who would be charf^ed with the regular supervision of 
0» children of unmarried mother*. 

XXI. We aJco recommend that the City or County provide a phy- 
•ieiaB wkh awistaiits who shall receive the reports of agents and tn- 
^ire iMo the state of health of such children and care for those who 

XXIL Wc farther recommend that thia gcmral guirdianahip and 
'*C«lu' aMperr bi oa Ervtr alt soch chSdren of the City be extended 
■■tS tbey have passed through the school age. 

XXIIL We recommend that Sectton 8, Chapter 17, of Kurd's Re- 
*<>ed Sl i Mt ntathif to Bastardy be amended by striking out the 
■*e4a, "He shill be oondemned by the order and judgment of the 
C<Mtt to pay a aBm not exceeding tlOO for the first year after the 
^■th of sock chid, and a sum not exceeding |50 yearly for the nine 
T**n snocccdsBf said first year, for the support, maintenance and 

*haiin of mch chjld," and amending same so that responsibility 

1* Ike care sad tap pott of the diBd of an unmarried mother shall be 

hnt by the (aOer ant0 the child's majority. 


I- Wi reco mme nd the appo intmen t of t permanent Committee on 
CM ftmaiom, with ample fnads from the Comity Tretsnry. 

n. Al hoipfak r«cchr)i« County fundi hi whole or in part iboald 
h iMH » tnit eaa*i of Tcsierca] diseMc. 



I. We recommend that the City GmncS of the Gtj of 
enact an ordinance creating a commissioa to be knoim as the 
Commission of the City of Chicago.** ^ 

II. Enforce the Uws and reguhitionst espedaUy tfaose^ 

(a) Prohihtting the harboring of prostttutes and d 
persons in saloons. 

(b) Prohibiting wine rooms and stalls hi saloons. 

(c) Prohibiting assignation rooms, houses of p ro sti tB 
"hotels" in connection with saloons. 

(d) Prohibiting dances in buildings where there b i 

III. To this end 

(a) Maintain a strict sunreillance of the police. 

(b) Discharge policemen who are guilty of groat < 
graft in their relations with the saloons. 

(c) Make frequent rotation of pdicemen. 

(d) Provide investigation of comfriaints, widiin twc 
hours, by picked men, taken from "outskle** districts. 7 

rV. By any proper means, especudly by publicity, put pre 

(1) Upon the Brewers' Exchange and the Wholesak 
Dealers' Association members doing business with salooa 
violate the laws or regulations referred to^ or who are» a: 
men, responsible for such saloons. 

(2) Upon the Retail Liquor Dealers* Assoctatkm to d 
members who may violate these laws or rq^ulatkxis. 

V. Licenses of saloons that violate these laws or r^gulatioB 
be permanently, not temporarily, revoked. 

VI. The city should provide public comfort statkxis in < 
sectkms of the city, especially m the loop districty 

VIL Licenses of saloons hi the near neighborhood of schoo 
and other public faistitutkms should be revoked. 

VIII. Give the facts rcgardmg conditions in saloons, bodi 
and detailed, to the public 

"F^ eopy of p ropot t d or dh M UW% set psft St 


Qx N.. 


I wttbodi mate escorts ihouM be permitted i 

X No prslcatkMal or paid escxiru for women ihould be permitte 

XL No nCdtaiioB for brinks or for proititution purposes by mc 
■r woMa ibooM be permitted in any saloon. 

XIL No immoral or vnlfir dances or entcrtiinmcnts should b 
|f*EB ia an; room connected with saloons. 

XHL Tht erdinancts prohibiling wine rooms should be strictl 
*tfa«<e«d wd imj attempt to prorUk booths, screens, curtains abou 
Mies il rar raoms of saloons should be immediately suppressed. 
1-4 V. AM OMMCtiofti teading to rooms over saloons from any pai 
*' ■Alan ilnBU be noBediatcly and permanently dosed.y^ 
C^'. TIh vfabtioa of any of these rules and r^ulattons sboul 
^ ^■^■cicat to iccm the pennancnt rerocation of a saloon license. 
^"'^'I. We reco mmen d that no in t o xicating liquor be st^d at an; 

*-^^n. We recommend that an ordinance be passed proriding fo 

* '■^^^■M fee of Fifty Dollars anmiany fw the privilege of operatini 

* f^i^lic daace hall and also that a corresponding Department of In 

/ ^-^t Pro ati i m a who desire to arail themselves of the opportnait; 

* ^ho mt arrested and convicted on charges, should be sent to ai 
"^■trid kooK with hospital accommodations. To this end such ai 
'■''•wioa should be established. 

^vIL Seni-<leltnqnent girls sbonld be segregated from ddinqncnt 
"If men wl ig Ntuw i methods of care and educatioa be given Ocm 
'^9 ikoM mat be anodated with prostit u tes or semi-profcsaiaaa 

^Vm. A IfnsicipBl Deteatkm Home for Women should be cs 
^^^VMdv coutroHcd by probatioci o fficer s. 

^OL Tht Otj aothoritlei should see to it that ImmiffTaiMs ai 
(^^^ at Ac nOnad sistiaa arc protected and, if necessary, cseort* 
• *A dnttetioa wkhta the dty. 

'^ 1 1 i XXIII. Wards should be established in the city hosfntal 

^^* treatment of venereal diseases. 

XXIV. All hospitals receiving dty funds in part or in wb 
be obliged to treat cases of venereal disease. 

XXV. We recommend that the municipality secure a tmn 
a trade school and hospital could be established to wMdi pf^ 
prostitutes could be committed on an indeterminate 


I. The dty ordinances relating to houses of prostttntioa i 

II. The dty ordinances prohibiting advertisements paf|i 
treat and cure venereal diseases should be enforced. 

III. Daily papers that publish such advertisements should 


nai locuL wrtL m chicaoo 


L Accnrau moolht]' nporli on all placet in (he Cily of Qiica 
*Wk {■norsl aod diiioltile periont congregate, ihoutd be made 
ta Gcocnl Sopcfimendenl of Police by inspectors of all police di 

If aij impector. captain or officer fails to report to the Gt 
: of Police all places where immoral and dissoli 
, at impkioui or olherwite, be should be rcduc 
h Mk or dJsnrisacd f rooi the aervicc. 

in. IiufMcton of police sbouM onmediatetjr report to the Genej 
^pulmtudetit of Polke all known assignation hotels and luipect 
places of like chanKlcr and these places should be immediately lu 

tV. Wbcn eomplalntt are received by the General Superlntendt 
*' Poiice. be shoald hare them investigated by officers directly co 
*K*e4 witb hii prirate ofice, and a report should be nude to hi 
*•« at tbe earliot poufble moment 

v. A ipedal raoralf police aqnad ihoutd form a part of the poli 
^ee of the dty. 

Vl. We KcflfBmend that women officers be added to the poli 
c dnty should be to render assistance to women or gii 
the city, especially at all railroad stations or other plac 
are liable to need help. We alto reoot 
of tbcM women officers be aUe to speak foreign la 

ViL Piriice officcra ibonld be compelled to designate whether ' 
^''* aa o ff eader wai charged with street walking, when trretti • 
^*4e Hdcr Scctkn S70 of the Crimnial Code, and Section* 1476 u 
*^*« of the aty Ordinances. 

_V in. The General Superintendent of Police abonid dfa«ct atl poll 
^^Cvn to Mnd to their hornet all children and all young boys u 
**^ —dtr aiitteen year* of age found on tbe strectt, away frc 
*^^ home  el ch b orhoodi and unattended by parent* or loanliat 
^^^^^v V erdodt hi uk crening. 

<X The poHcc riwnld wage a 

rdeotlesi warfare agaiaat bom 
ma, can hooaca, and di 

report on the question Of Ibe practice Ot tnidwilcry in Uiia 
such recommendations looking to its improvement M majr bi 

III. We recooimend that the Dcpaitmcnt of Health inttita 
investigation into the use of cocaine and other noxioas drof 
view at least of limiting such sales bf the drnggists. 

IV. We recommend that the Board of HealA direct cq 
lenlion to so-called massage practice. 

V. We recommend that the Dqiartment of HeaMi be'givi 
to sDiq>ress as a public nuisance any [rface where Tcnereal  
contagious diseases flourish. 


I. We recommend that the Board of Edticatioa appoiol 
mittee to investigate thoroughly the advisability and m et hoda 
ing social hygiene to the older pupils in the pabtie adwob. 

n. Girls between the ages of fourteen and sixteen shooli 
definite vocational training in continuation schools. 

III. We reco m mend that the Board of Edncatioa extend 
of public tcboola as social centers. 


namMimMnom to trs rAkx ooNvnsKUiBBr 


L TW parlti dmald be better policed and plajrgronndi snpervitef 
■on cartfnllr. 

U. Miwuiii of danciiv pavilion* ihould be more vigilant in ex- 
dtaltal f iBtf f b iwI pnxtitiitn. 

m. SrikUlf hf praMftutn wiBiln park enclosures should be 

IV. hrlc manantri should extend grttttr protection to unaccotn- 
^lied ytnaf (irli, especially in the evening. 

V. niHie park* thould be belter lighted and equipped with search 
%fcts. Seats fboald be remo v ed from the deep shadows. 

■acostuKmATfOMs TO cauacees akd otbu teuciotn bodies. 

I- Pulon and relifiotis worken should aid in arousing public 
^^>ioa against the open and flagrant expression of the social evil In 
**« city. 

* I- TIm drarches ibonld endeavor to counteract the evU inflaeace* 
" Um eowm uB ity bjr opening rooms attached to the church buiMiogi 
** •• ^l e ati oBtl cenlera during week day evenings. 


^^ Great em p h asis should be placed on parental responstbilitx and 
*^*a the effects of church and school in informing parents how to safe- 
^**sil their cfaildren in aex life ai>d relationship. 

"^1. Psrenti sbontd demand a signed statement from a reputable 
l^^ridn diat Ihc man asking permissioo to nurr^ their daughter is 

t n. We recommend the careful examination of all printed material 
^V«cd to efaildmi and porportlng to give hdpful mstractioa aloog 
^*Bd Han, and tiw tdpprcai i oa of sndi as ii evidently vickms in in- 
^^ rMHIititi and book idlers thould not b« aUowed to tall Ait 


e stndy should be made of the woMog conditions 
d by those estabJishments In Chicago whidi dqmid npon 
[iris and women. This i n rest j gation shookl also ascer- 
iditions, cost of living of different groaps* and decide 
itutes a "liring wage** for each group. 

' publicity should be given the conditions which exist 
ers so that parents will warn their sons and daughters 
angers surrdunding them while on such excursiooa. 

[rant homes for foreign girls should be established and 
different naUonaltties. 

rant girls should be warned not to go to enq>lc»3rment 
vertise in the press, especially m foreign languages, until 
e been investigated. 

otels and homes should be established far working women 

» for the rescue and reform of prostitutes should 
hospital tare of drug users. 


mmend that the daily prcM publish an appeal or protest 

their children be not given too much liberty; that 

ardians accompany children of all ages upon their anmae- 

Qiapter I. 

Existing Conditions. 



» I . • I »^ 

The Commission, in beginning its labors^ decided tittt, in 
work intelligently, local conditions must be thoroughly known. Km 
time and thought were given to the matter of selection of methods m 
the character of the fidd investigation. To make a oomplete 
of all houses of ill-fame, fkts and assignation houseSp with the 
of owners, keq>ers and inmates, would mean months of work on If 
part of a large corps of investigators, and an expenditure of mot 
beyond the resources of the Commission. It was, therefore^ decided 
accept such a list as the Police could supply as the basts of nifef 
gation, adding to it such other places as might come to tiie knowkd 
of the Commission, directly or indirectly. The General Superintcodi 
of Police ordered a special census to be taken, showing the disonki 
resorts in the precincts of the city. Such a list was submitted 
August, 1910, and the Commission b ^ Its investigatkNi. It i 
soon found that the list was incomp , as shown in another pbce 
the Commission's report^ A second census was taken and the 1 
submitted to the Commission in October, 1910. This also profcd 
complete, as is shown elsewhere. However, it was decided by t 
Commission that, whether a complete census was, or could be obtaii 
sufficient information was forthcoming to give a clear knowledge of < 
character ind extent of the conditions in Chicaga 

Seven expert and trained investigators were pot in the fidd. 
order to eliminate as many errors as possible, each investigator's w 
was verified and checked up, unbeknown to him, by other in ye sti g rtt 
In some instances this was done three times. We have every rcsi 
to believe, therefore, that the statements contained m this report i 
as correct and reliable as could possibly be obtained. 

In additkm to the fidd investigatorsy the con f erences witk rc| 
sentatives of various organiaatknis and dtisens, referred to k 
preface of the report, were prolific of much valuable tad nOi 

School census rqKMts, issued by the Compulsory Department 

"See Chapter III, yife 14a. 


I. were Ri«t illttnittiatitig and reliable, and ga<re 

ta CaawMoa nodi helpful daU regarding; the dangers to children. 

 were examined tao%t thoroughly, and tabulated figures 

a( the Committee, too voluminoua to print in thil 

nfBR, ihowiaf the diipotJlion of caMs which relate directly or in> 

incdy 10 the Social EtD. The Municipal Court records for tha 

fctt jnn of its cxHicncc were most valuable to the Committee oa 

Lm ui Legislation io determining the extent to which the lawt 

■M criMiof had been applied to the local situation. 

TW i^M and rtfubtions, with the daily bulletin of the General 

t of PoKce, gave such information regarding the re> 

I Io regulate the Social Evil in Chicago. In this con* 

**Hb, k m kUt 1 1 Him to note the rules and reflations issued by the 

^4^ wych is naajr btstances are disobeyed in part, or in wliolc' 

AtCiHBiaioa doci not attempt to give absolutely accurate figurei 

> b At ■■nfctr «l professional prostitutes In Chtcago. But, taking- 

fc hbce list as a basis, even though prove<l incomplete, and adding 

IB Un the anmber of reports found by investigators which are not on 

^ hbct lilt, and allowing for those which lack of time and money 

(•••BtoJ discover y , the Conunisskm believes, after the most careful 

**!;. that there are not far from S,000 who devote their time wholly 

^^kasiaess of prostitution. In its careful estimation larger figures 

**Wb( ■• cxacgeration and probably unfair. 

At ihow iB f how these figures were obtained, the following may be 

Aonrdtif to the official Police list issued October 26, 1910. it is 
*>** Hut there are IM houses of prostitution with 8343 rooms in 
**« frecincts. with lOlt inmates and IS9 madames or keepers. In 
■Mti*. the list gives >7S Aats with 980 rooms, at 101 separate ad- 
^>«. wkh 419 inmates aisd IfiS keepers. The list also contains the 
'*'uiii of 4t hotels, with IISS rooms, which cater to an immoral 
*<^ ad ST keepers, eight of whom are women. These houses. 
^ >d hotcb eontsin 4SU rooms used for immoral purposes. This 
^ I (Dial of tot pbces where immoral conditions exist, at 38S sep* 
*» i<Jr«Mes. 449 keepers, and 1431 inmates, or a total of 1880 


^TMi I. ChapiM ni. Tfe* SocW EvU aad tkc PeBet.-' 


According to the Commissioii invcstigitkNit there are 514 
flats and hotek and saloons, used for unmoral purposes not 
police list, with 1314 women not included in the police list 
gives a grand total of known women engaged in the business a 
We again emphasize the fact that the Commission was unable I 
the entire city in its investigations, and that many resorts, did 
ers and inmates, are still unrecorded. The estimation of 6000 ii 
fore, considered conservative but fair.^ 

As intimated, the Gxnmission has not sought to inquire i 
extent of clandestine prostitution in the city. The clandestine 
tutes (or more correctly the inunoral girls of women, mar 
otherwise) form a large class in Chicago. Because of the ] 
phase of the evil it was impossible for the Commission to inv 
conditions or make an estimate of the number in this dass. 

The Commissk>n, after careful examination of the data a 
has made an ultra conservative estimate covering the annual pf 
those interested in the Social Evil in Chicaga This indn 
owners, keepers and inmates of the houses and flats given 
police list; the immoral places discovered and investigated 
Commission; and the profits fn n the sale of liquor in reso 
236 disorderly saloons. 

From this estimate the Commissk» can assert that the 
\ profits in the City of Chicago alone, is between 15 and If 
\ dollars.* 

That this is a man problem and that the support of thi 
traflic in bodies comes from men is easily understood when I 
lowing facts are learned. 

The Commission makes a rather conservative statement as 
amount of profit ; it makes a similar conservative statement c 
ing the men who demand service from the prDStitute. Tak 
number of women on the police Ibts alone, (v ho are in ree 

L IVIL IN cmcAoo 


■Wta fht tafamutioa wWdi iminedHtdr foUmvt with typical cues 
 MMratioM. It nnut be borne in Riind ttut these typical cues 
n hM t (cw of hindf nh which have been reported on by ftiTestigatora ^ 
mi recorded. They hairc been carefully selected as bring normal and 
nprcMfltativc typti tirtder the vtrtout phuef of Ibe problem. Namei 
■tf »4<TTW have been lapprciMd, being designated as (Xl)* 
fXt). Mc The actual name* and addreues are in the possession of 
tt> CanniMkn. This slatetnent is made that it may be understood 
Aw Uiey are real — and not hypothetical cases. 

The Coniinb«km calls anention to the following phases of the evil' 
toed n its hiTcsiigatioRs. 

(k) There has been lax ohsenrance of police regulations so loii| 
tit peGce vdcn arc not taken ierionily. 

fb) Thai new bootei, eapccially in the flat buildings, are beint 
^tUUmd IB raidcniial dbtricti to an atarming extent. In fac^ 
ibtn tn more houses of this character in these sections of the dty 
te h Ike ao-calkd rertric t cd diitricta. Wbea the order was issued 
I^Uibif tbe tale of Uqtior in the booses, many of the keeper s moved 
fx* the wstricted disbicts into the residential sections and opened 
^ la cdMi- caaet the former inmates established •mall flats wMi 
^ imktaaa of some of tbeir regular citstomers. Tbe tclepbooe it 
■t mk a g ea c y oaed in condtictinf these fiats. Most Iteepert have a 
^ *< Jong girls "oa can," that it, girls who are empkiyed during the 
% Md who arc ready to come to tbeae flats daring the evenings wbea 
^ k  nok of bnsiMai. 
^ keepers of booses la flats inrariably have young and fresh 
In* « kaow wbcre they can be foond. Some of these girls live 

* "Mrhy towas and come to Qacago at different times, earn aome 
^^t ■oacy, or caough to boy outfits of ootbes, and then rctnin 
**t Th^ aaaally Idl otber girb of tbeir own oeigbhorlioods of tbb 
■^ W*^ ud tbeae la tarn oxne to Chkafo. Inmates from Mine 

** ftt aaaBcr lats spend the cariy boats of the evening solidtifig 

* hi Mrcrt or la dewwtow a nlooaa and restaurants where tiiey 
^"img *a aamber of tbeir aeqnalntaBCca, giving oat cards with 

Milt andteJ^hoae aibeti. After IM A. M. dicr ft- 

Ma l» «M itfa and Ml bav and Hqaor. 


j ;| three times as much money as the so-called "regular" girls. 
torious place known all over the country and which cater 
called high class trade, these methods are used almost < 
The inmates gave testimony before the Commission that tb 
on the advice of their physician, who says it prevents d 
other troubles. 

(e) Solicitation is still going on from doorways, itoopi 
dows of houses, but to a small extent compared with thai 
years. The inmates sit behind curtained windows and m 
proach the houses they tap on the window panes. Lookoa 
tioned near the windows and in front of saloons and wa 
licitors when the officer on the beat approaches. In loiiM 
these lookouts touch an electric b^U concealed behind a ug 
significant motions with their hands. 

(f) There is quite a number of massage parlors* manic 
lishments and Turkish baths, especially in the downtown ba 
trkrt, which are in reality nothing but houses of p ro stiUiti 
most revolting and insidkMis type. It is practically impois 
cure legal evidence against these places* and they cootiBM 
famous practices. 

(g) J puition hat are scattered all over the dty, 
in t d mtown distrkrt, ai on the West and North side 
tutes M and on the eet use tfiese cheap places. 1 

% tn KKUL >rn. IN cncAOo  

te ywlik — for clesnHncn on the part of either tfae men or Ibtl 

T'taiT arc atto a gnat manj assignation rooms especially on tb( ' 
Korth liile fron the ritr to Chicago avenue and on the aide tUtttt 
Wc« of StUe. ThtM rooms are used to the tame extent u the 
kattli and the ceodilionf in them are about the same. ThcK so-called 
s arc a loarce of great danger to young men and womea 
1 to lire in cheap quarters. Young men or womeOf 
Ti^ii ta tbe city, may find tbctnsclvcs living next door or on tilt 
>■( Inor witb vile men and womea 

(k) The ao-called medical inspection of inmates in Chicago 1^' 
FiWt physioana employed by madames of hoases is practically 
*vttlM aad has bectxne a source of craft. Instances have come tO 
l^vhtn tafnatei have been allowed to remain at workers in housci 
*ta Hxy wen aflHctol srilh disease. This has been done with tiie 
kMvUfc of tbe ftttcttdioc physician and the keepers. 

(>) The conditiocij regarding immoral shows and exhibitions have 
PMlf hfrovcd, iMt tbejr arc not wholly eradicated. A description 
if thst akowB M fina by inveiti|stora it too vile and diagustmg to 

(i) Crrtiia ihatrical manafcrs in tbe dty are inclined to preseitt 
1^1 *Uch an 00 a low nioni plasie. Tbe advertisements of these 
1^ M wcB as of otben, appear on many of the bill board*, and 
n itnrivc to tbe cyca of decent citizens, and suggestive to the 
1^ kegn and firia. Sock matters should be adequately luperviied 
)> Al bMcran of public morality. 

Tki bvotigitkiaa coodncted bjr the Commission abow that moat 
*f ti crinca aodi u robbery and gambling are committed by men 
**im attacBM to faonaca of proaututkwi or who live off the proceed! 

Itt the tbefia and crimes of violence in connection with the Sodal 
M «t ao man p revakn t than one would naturally expect who is 
i^afalii wilfe tka actual oostdhlom of the existence ct the Sodal 
M h • hrft ODmmnnity Ukc Cfakago. 

Tkancaa be no deidit tiiat much money b atolcn fran men who 
Mi ttsir dwaees hi (ofaif into bomscs of pfXMtitutioB or conaortml 
«tt ak«t wakara. Theac loaaca an probably only npertad in Hm 

l',ii \ 



form other methods of parting a visitor fro his cash. On 1 
hand, the older and grosser forms of theft combined with 
violence and extortion, such as the pand and strong-arm gai 
been largely discontinued, and it must be remembered thai tboi 
of prostitution which rely upon regular customers and the re 
dations of wdl-to-do people cannot afford, for definite bask 
sons, to allow criminal transactions to be connected with tfid 
The very commercialization of the vice would tend to strip i 
dangerous connection with crime. No doubt men befuddled 1 
will alwa3rs be regarded as victims by vicioas women, but die 
of their being unmolested are certainly greater in a regniai 
than when they associate with casual acquaintances in vice. 
the Commission has heard of nothing on this point that i 
special recommendations. 


The followuig typical cases are given as illnstratioas of ec 
surrounding houses, flats, assignatioa rooms and hotela.^ 

/. Houses, (XI) avenue Na (Xla). According to the rea 
ho owned bv ate and b i ' r the tfusteesUp of • 

I tw is a o 3ry frame buuoi 1 e lower floor 
t a as a re n room with a pia whicn to plaved bgr 


_7*^ (U), b ftbout 30 Tctrt of age. Hu been an inmate ol 
^r^* for Uirac yean. Her parenU live in (X3a), Michigan. 
]^**ktr an «cU off. She •ends 910.00 home each week foi 
^^^to to icvt lor ber. Sbe hu do cadet and lives on the premii 
jJjniB (X4), aliM Uiy <U). May it about S5 years of 
/T^M M tanalc of thb bmtw two and one-half vean. Has no t 
Jl^^ »Ui no6m inmate. Ray (X6) at ilie (XT) Hotel (XB) 

J ^^j fX>). Flctitiout name. Ray was brought to this city 
"" • aio Ifam New York by (XIO). She ctaimft to have been 
«p|BlU«tinw 1« a'lout 34 years of age. (XlO) put her in <: 
« BB &<lam Hotuc place. She lived with him and gave hin 
ej Car ahoat six moiith<i. This inmate lives with Margaret () 
« <X14) Hotel. Si*e and Margaret leave the rcKirt at 4 ;00 A. 
■Mul ntam at 8:00 P. M. except on tlieir clay off. 

Last name aot given ; about SI yean of age. Been in )i 

About t3 year* ol age. Been in house two years. I 

About t9 years oM. Bern in hmtsc two years Live 


". Dur*st in Hotuf of Prostitution. This is a case of ai 
**■■■- aKcted with syphilis who was allowed to remain in the hi 
*• ^ttftt and her physicians knowing of her disease. 
_ y*».fal (X18). Born in (XI6>. Mo., came to Chicago about 10 j 
!>he it n year* of age, and teems to be fairly well edue 
Kill writes to her parenti. S)ie entered the (Xl7) House at () 
t, owned by (XIO) and kept for him by Madame (XSO), () 
Is on Police Li»t. In August, 1908, when Bebel contri 

;•»«, ihe went to I>. (X£S), (X83) Sute street, who g 

TV*-^ '">■" (Xt4), a night medical school, in 1902. At this time 
^^^UB) was bouse physician for (X9«) avenue. Dr. (X«T) wa 
^^^*.W to cinr her. He gave her a prewription but she did not ha 
■. as she did not want this doctor to treat her, because be w 
She then went to Dr. (XSS), ZSnd street, corner of (3 
" im MOO.OO. This doctor treated her for soaw 
One day necrosis of the palm of the hand M 
riaed to go to Dr. (XSO), (X31) street. Thb dc 
i to cure her. She made arrangements to pay  M 
t on each visit At this time she was forced to give up 
1 the house ; the week she was in bed was the only time 
I from rendering »ervice. AI! of the physicians knew she 
J men. The landlady. (XJS), offered no objection*. Al 
> ite waa ao boarae the could not Ulk and her nwutb was lo 

Chapter I. 

Existing Conditions 

Chapter I. 

Existing Conditions 


, Mcorinf Jnmatef, prim, ute of bnr, police, etc Four 
"^i^iluii tl difltfTBt tnnu, one a woman, worked on this i 
'•<' Mieir finding), >1I of which were verified, are given below. 

^^"^VMrthif of Proftrty. According lo the r«ord» the owner of 
•««»iB| b Emma (X63), living at (X64) East Mlh street. 

'^««J Ertatt jlfitnt. The real estate agent, according to the i 
™*««or. k <XM>. (X66) Dearborn street, 

t.^*^ CoOtttor. A man by the name of (XB7) collects the re 
"* litM at (XSBl Ea*t Mlh street, the same address as the ownei 
™* prnpertjf- Investigator called on Mr. (X07) and spoke of rcnl 
••*■ of the dais in this building giving him to undcrsUnd that 
***<«) it for immoral purposes. Mr. {X67) said that he was only 
^™*>*iie7 for the building, hit would iice what he could da 

, ^ *ttit of Flat. The particular flat in this building whkh i 
f**^igited in oo the police list. Mrs. (XTl) is the keeper. She 
J *^ in thb basinesa between four and five years. At one tiine 
"**^ on Ea»l 83rd street. Mrs. (X71) has been very succetl 
V*^ has a home which she has purchased out of the proceeds of 
?^*»ne*t- At present she wants to retire and offers her furniture i 
"•»»ineM for »1,400.00. 

^*jrriftion of Plal. There are six rooms in this apartment, fi 
**' tht»e being bedrooms. A couch is in the dining room for spe 
**^-»»ioos. There is a bath room and a kitchen. 

^_ ^ Mft^ati of Conducting the Flat. The rent is $50.01) per moi 
''^timate price UO.OO. light about $3.50, maid $5 00 per week. 
^'^^laiioa lo this the expense for laundry, ice and food must be add 

^rrtifU. Mrs. (X7I) said the lowest amount taken in by her 
^aaanth was $1«9.00, the highest $340.00. She charges each of 
••o tamstes from $10.00 lo $1S.00 per week for board. The pri 
™»ij|iJ in this flat are $5.00. 17.00 and $10.00 according to the len 
** %&e the custonter stays. She receives $8.00 on every $6.00 can 
y fObt girU. In addition she sells beer at $1.00 per bottle, and re 
^' rooms to couples for such prices as $2.00 for a short time i 
"-Oe and W.OO for all night. 

^^•mrtiiy Inmates. This keeper seems to take great pride in 
j^^* that her girls are always fresh, young and attractive. She i 
"j* hare a nrostitute in her place who has ever been in houses 
"r^JMne. sweh as exist on Dearborn street and (X69) avenue. Th 
<" W. ibc said, will nevci' do in a quiet place. They lore excitant 
^^ nmsk. lights and Urge business at small prices. They alto w 
V* Have cadds. Once she took such a girl, but she could not keep 
•* 9ht lotifed lo retnm to the excitement of her former life and 


The girls who do come to her» are in many inilanoei 
rounding towns or from other States. They stay kiof enc 
a few clothes and then return home, where they tell other 
easy way they earned their clothes. 

Mrs. (X71) has a list of 20 6r 22 girte who have be 
at different times. They come and go. 

One of the girls now in the flat is called Rosie. This 
Iowa and was so wild at home, that her mother could do i 
her so she came to Chicago. Sometimes Rosie and the in 
quarrel and the girl returns home. After awhile she wril 
she wants to return to the flat, so Mrs. (X71) soids I 
Rosie is one of a family of three or four hoj% and Urce 
of these sisters, called Violet, has also been an inmate of 
comes occasionally. Rosie's mother says she reaUaes 
(X71) can do more with her daughter than she can so 
her to come. 

The last time Violet was in the flat she stayed 10 days 
$50.00, then went home again. * She is 25 yeai s old. Ron 
and a good money maker. During July. Iv0:»ie earned fUi 
share. During 27 days in August she e'^med $171.00. 

Customers. The men who come to this flat are moa 
Mrs. (X71) says they are "gentlemen" and do not make 
They prefer a place that is quiet and secret Other en 
buyers from commercial houses, bringing out of town m 
here to purchase ^[oods. In addition to this there are ma 
men who bring friends who gradually become regular cost 

The Flat as a Call House. The business in Mrs. (X71) 
largely on the telephone service. The girls are summon 
similar flats about town if they are needed, and in turn 1 
secures girls from other flats when her regular inmates are 
customer calls. For instance on September 20th the mvcs 
in the flat when only one girl was at home. In a few moa 
I^KMie call came for the girl, Helen (X80), to go to a I 
On September 30th a 'phone call came for three girls to | 
restaurant on Madison street and report in the buk room 
had been the previous night There was oiUy one girl ii 
tile time, so Mrs. (X71) odled up Calumet (X83) and Doc 
and arranged for two other girls to meet this girl and 

RenHng • Phi. Mrs. (X71) gave the investigator w 

toppoted purchaser of her fit, the folkmhig advice rc] 

reottQf of a fiat for immoral purposes: 

''Do not CO to an agent* th^ will increase the ren 
servams or janitor the price. Yon can rent furnished 
only from mondi to m o nth from different keepers w 
go away or take a rest But yoa most be carefnl fai 
bmk and pttt yoii o«l after yon hav« atartad.'* 

Tva HxuL mi. i: 


&eibai mentioned a Mn. (X86) and uid she charges 900.00 
hi IM.H fiat on Kidi tcrnn. 

AMMbcr tmt of the keqKra wu Edna (X87) who h» three flail 
M (XH) Wabaah arenue. F-Ina hu been in (his business since she 
>M ll 7WS of tft, and has conducted these flats with her sister 
•na Kan. She don not keep prU in the flat except during the . 
te mm (here ii lonie special celctiration in Chicago. During a r6' 
McMnilon which continued for one week she made 1700.00, At 
■Ettei abc gives her inmates half the proceedfi. Her prices are 
KM n boar. I?.00 and f 10.00 for longer periods. She receive! 
Mfcrbccr. 50 crnli for  glass of wine, $3.00 for a pint of chain- 

Xmt IS.OO for a quart of champagne. 
^Kkm tfut hei nitlomers are all 6rst class, managers, bu]^ 
eiodnkaRwn from department stores, luch as (X89), the di^crnit 
dBbind betels. She a tired of it and wants to sell out, buy an orange 
fvn in California and be a good woman. She look care of her 
■ntaf and father for years, but they are now dead. She never mar- 
fKi and would not have a cadet. She claims to make from $6,000.00 . 
^tlJKOM each year. Her rent u 93T.M per month. Not long afo^ I 
tfomtt keeper, Ko«« (X90) came to the liat and asked Edna to put 
^ on call At one time this woman had tlSO.OOO.OO, but she gave it 
■I It I mea and b now penniless. 

IX. StU •f Lienor j« Ho^u*», Flatt and Holttt. The pn^tt froai 
fc Mk of beer tad other liquors in these places is enormous.' 

HidaM of bouae* aad flats testify that the privilege to sell 
Hht k wn e ct io ii with the business is « valuable asset and if de- 
^ni of it tfacir bosioesa as a whole would suffer. In many houses 
fciHMca qwnd practically all of their time during tlie early part 
*' At neriug in pertoadiaf vtsttort to buy drinks. One of the most 
pitBai momt to rednce the evil effects of this business at it ex- 
■k ii howes and flats b to strictly enforce the r^nlation forbidding 
*t itli of Bfuor in those placet. Thb b seen by the effect of the 
Kfci crier iMMd Hay 1, ItlO. At a result, rents of hoaaet in tht 
■■MM diitrkts hare dccreaaed, many bnnatei have been compelled 
■tlan Ac dbtriet, madamea have crtabUsbcil bouses elsewhere, and a 

laoil ifT|iT— *" has acttlcd down on the bnthiess. 
Ac aadNM at (Xn) Dearborn street told invettigator that thb 

i«m p frvlow l y rcNisd for «600.00; after the order went into effect 

^miy ptf* 9U»M. She wouM be more than |^ to pay tb« 

MMI If *• flMM ecu beer. 

] secure a hotel license in order to evade the regulation. 
j. . 1 The atmosphere at the present time in houses where liquoi 

sold is far different from what it was before. The girls* depi 
this stimulant,, are depressed and sullen. They sit about the 
making feeble eflForts to earn commissions on the soft drinla 
are sold at the same prices formerly charged for beer» bat ti 
are small. 

Another trouble which has grown out of die order, acoor 
some, is the practice of visitors of bringing bottles of whiil 
these resorts and taking them to the rooms of inmates and coi 
them to drink. Many of the inmates are not used to strong 
cants, and they resent this sort of treatment As every one k 
person who is a beer drinker, does not, as a rule, toodi whisi 
vice versa. 

Another objection is made by the madames. They cooiid 
great injustice for them to be deprived of the benefits of 
liquor, when a saloon probably on the same street or next doof 
uses immoral women as an adjunct to its business in the rmr 
and which is in reality a house of ill fame, b unmolested. 

Of course, the objections by nadames and keepers are no 
considered, but there is one 1 feature which can and sb 
remedied. The effect of the pol t r * has ben good as sli 
the objectkms of the madames and inmates. 1 e bad feature 
a large number of the inmates, thrc the aid of friends, li 

m noui. vvn. im oocaoo 

nmgt Parteri and Balht. One of the most insidioiis and rc> 
tonta o( immorality in Chka^o >* that which finds iti ex- 

in fo-callfd imsugc parlors and baths. It has not been 
U make an extemled investipitian at this phase of the prob- 
lODgh hat b««n done, however, (o show that it does exist and to 
ad thai a more vifilant supervision be exercised over them. 
tVf, this rcroltin{ type of immorality is not as extensive as it 

M-calM massage parlors and baths arc for the most part 
» tiw <k>wii town <Ii*tricts, witliin the loop. 
y«(rfi. <XM) Hotel. (XOa) West Erie street. Not on police 
■■ie aolkitt d on street for this hotel. 

V 4tk. (XM) Hotel. (XSS) North Carle street Not on 
L WomsB s(dkilin( by the name of (X96) Mtd this place was 
■boa place. 

Hotel, (XM) North Clark street. Not on police list In- 
r «M Mliciial on North Clark street by Hilda (X99) and 
UW) to p> to this hotel. 

) Hotel, (XIOZ) North Clark street. Not on police list. 
tor loJicitcd on North Dark street by Hilda (X103J and 
U04) at different timea to go to thb hotel. 
) Wot Hadbon street On police list Solicit^ investigator 

to go to tUt boteL 

(XlM), (XIO?) West Monroe. May scdicited investigator to' 

(XlO0), Wabash avenue. Eight girls solicited investigator tn 
• boteL 
(XlOf), State street Six girls udicited investigator to go to 

(XllO) Ptynioath court. Ruth solicited investigator to go to 

(Xlll), Michigan avenue. Maud aoliciled investigator to go 

I7«r »f Cocmtu and Morphine by Prostitutes. It is genenUljr 
i tlMt knnanl women and their "cadets" are addicted to the 
eaine aad moqrfiine as well as other dmgs and liquor. Most 
Ciiac pardiaacd by hahitnci is secured throng physicians. 
Ihc Morph in e U nearly ahvajrs obtained from druggista by 
Uaf (or it and paying the price asked. 
■ma of dniff ttores owtaide the restricted district it was 
t Ihtjr do not acS mere than three drama of cocaine and foar 
f m a i pki M each nmrtb. On die other band tbe f oar dnf 

■xmiMo ocxmnnoiiB 85 

stores within this district sell at least four pounds of morphine aod 
six ounces of cocaine each month. It i practically unpossible to u- 
certain exactly how much cocaine or morphine any partkalar drug 
store buys in spite of the fact tiiat wholesale houses ketp a reoonL The 
druggist who sells cocaine illegally* orders some through his friends or 
orders direct from the manufacturer. Again the records of the whole- 
sale houses are apt to be in error. For instance a derlc in a drag store 
at (X112) West 22nd street turned in an order for one ouaoe o£ 
cocaine and asked for three ounces* which were given him. 
records show he ordered one ounce. This is often done. 

It appears that prostitutes use little cocaine as cooqnred with 
amount of morphine they consume. 


There are four druggists whose method of catering to the proaB"^ 
titutes is to send clerks to their respective customers in the virioia^ 
houses of prostitution to solicit orders, including cocaine and ooT'-' 


(X113) makes up one ounce vials of cocaine in one per ceo^ 
solution which he sells under great secrecy. He caters to ^ 
(X114), (X115) avenue, where two prostitutes named Blanche lo^ 
Alice order on an average of 500 tablets a week of moiphine sa^ 
phate, using a hypodermic syringe and injecting the drag. H^ 
also caters to a house operated by madame (Xll6)t (X117) ivt* 
nue, where Florence, a prostitute, uses on an average thirteen 
grains of morphine and cocaine interchangeably every day. 

At the (X118), (X119) Dearborn street, Vk>let and BebehifC 
been buying morphine in large quantities from (X120). He ah^ 
supplies cocaine to Rosie (X121) avenue. He carries a laige stodc 
of hypodermic syrin^s which he sells to habitues, and prostitii^ 
known to him are m the habit of goin^; to the store, stqppiaC 
behind the counter and obtaining morphme and cocaine wttoot 
any record being kept. 

The (X122) Drug Store, (X12d) 21st street, also has a derk 
soliciting orders in a similar manner. In (X124) avcmie, knova 
as (X125), practically every girl in the house uses oocaine or 
morphine which were introduced by a prostitute named Sadie 
(X126), who originally purchased the drug at the (XltT) Dn| 
Store and who now caters to their trade. 

(X128), corner of (X129) and (X130), have a boy calkd 
(X180a) who solicits orders in a like manner from a nomcr ol 
the lar^ houses, and procures orders for as mudi as 
of cocame and ten ounces of morphine a day. 


Soch drof ilom a* (Xl31) Pharmacy, (X131a). and (X13S) 
Mnel, and (Xl33) Etcafborn street, have boys who solicit fron 
Hit rariooi bouMt. 
Vny pmcriplion blanks have been presented to the drug Slortt 
ttat locality bearing the name of Dr. (X13C), (X137) Street | 
'pm invcstigitwn it was found that this was a Iktitious name, and 
■I th«M pmcriptioni were for the most part incorrectly written. 
Crtrtkden Ibey were filled by druggistt in that vicinity. 
1^ pbyikian, the most important element in the sale of cocaine, 
Mghyi Ok law mere openly than the druggist It has been claimed 
M pnctically all physicians who examine inmates in houses dispense 
■eaine and morphine. 

Or. (X13S). (X139) State street, while treating a girl at . 
(XKO) E>carborn street, accustomed her to the use of mor- 

gl fUoc sad cocaine. He itill continues to furnish her with pre < 
t tglp t iona (or these drugs. There are at present two girls at ' 
^141) avenue who also secure morphine and cocaine through 
. (XI38). 

Dr. fXH.11, (Xm), is the examining physician in a house of 
fl Umc. Many of the inmates claim to secure their drugs from 

lavcatigator claims to have seen many preKriptions of Dr. 
(XIU), fX14«) SUte street calling for cocaine. 

It b well known by inmates that a physician, (Xl47), (X148') 
ItBd street, will for the price of 11.00 administer a hypodermic 
hjcdkia of cocaine. On or about March 16, 1910, a cocaine 
vietin caned (X149), an actor, visited Eh-. (XlfiO) and secured 
Inm him six prescriptions for cocaine far 9^.00. 

DnriDg the frst two weeks of September, 1910, Sadie (X191), 
m iaraate at (Xl6t) avenue, a house owned by (X159), was 
r wiai c at (XIM) South Sute street with another inmate who 
ii a itrcet solicitor named "Tantine." Tantine has in her pos- 
■caioa a complete hop layout, and was teaching Sadie how to 
^nkc ophm. They are not living together now. Sadie has 
I the practice. She informed investigator that Tan- 
jcd opium in a playing card which was bent in half 
if of opium stuck m the inside like an ordinary piece of 
■n. She purchased the opium in this form at (X155> 
, (XIM) street and (X107}. She also purchased it 
Irmi CWnamen, who sold it put ap in the following form. An 
wdhwrj Chineae not is cut in half, the kernel being removed, the 
hdhnr thdl b tbea filled with opium, and the two parts of the 
Adi art ^oed together. It b then sold in thb manner, whidi 
■ikca k vtrr dificnlt to detect from the ordinary mit She 
mU ibi WM k two placea with Tantine where she bad pardiaaol 


it in that form, both being on Qark street neir Harrisoo. Sbc 
does not know the exact number. 

During the early part of the year 1909, Sadie (X151) roomed 
with an immoral woman called "Carmen'' who also solicited at 
(X159) avenue and purchased cocaine from (X160). She badi 
little box which was used for cocaine only. Sadie further states 
that she is acquainted with a young man whose name she does oot 
remember, who comes into the house to see her quite often. This 
man is the owner of an opium den on (X161) street He hu in- 
vited her down there at various times, but she does not like the 
idea of going alone. (X162) of (X163) drug store secures her 
orders for drugs now. She savs (X164) is an old friend of hets, 
and formerly supplied her with morphine tablets, but she doei oot 
use any at present 

XIIL Owners and Real Estate Agents. The court records fhov 
that practically no effort has been made during the past three yctfi to 
prosecute owners and real estate agents who are leasing and rcstioK 
property for immoral purposes. The law affecting these persons b » 
dead letter. 

The reasons for this are very apparent, first, the indifferenee 9^ 
the public, and second, but perhaps the most vital, is because 
property brings an exorbitant rate of interest on the capital 

These artificial values in the last analysis are the basis of a 
many difficulties in connection with the problem of the social evil t^ 
was shown that the main reason why it is so difficult to 
prostitution in connection with saloons was because of the 
profits which are made from drinks in the rear rooms and fron 
rental of rooms over the saloon. The same a r g um e n t applies lo 
signation hotels. 

This difficulty is very apparent when entire houses or 
are rented outright for this purpose. On the West Side there ve 
number of properties which are practically worthless for 
purposes. A business m vored to buy a lot on wUch 

erected a frame building, which bei used as a hooie <rf 
The lot is 90 feet and the < ' ^ offered $S6,000.00^ or 
per front foot. He ii to ng that be was seairim 

income on a value of 00 ] fr foot, and that be wodl 

•ell even for that \ unt 

*Sce Chapter II, The Social Evil and the Saloon ' 


In aiMttwr bnUncc a lot was held for 94IKI.0O per front foot, ' 

lla ktilifiutc value wai only tSM.OO. 
la uai another case a lot wai held for $S50.00 per front foot whi 

fti tppniaei vahie by an expert (or legitimate purposes was onljr 

The amaaEnf part of the whole matter u that while these properties 

■re w v«lnble to the owner, the taxes on them are practically noth- 

iof in ctimpartaoa The asieMmenlj are on a legitimate basis. 

Tterv is am*hcr side of the story also. While these propcriiei are 
inotasinc to valoe, wlthodt a cent of expense on the part of the 
mratr hi improvements, the properly in the neighborhood is decreasing, 
« al a MiMttiill. 

Tk Conmiaaian has secured a large list of owners o( houses where 
f wiit u ti uB is openly practiced. In some instances these owners arc 
rik ind abandoned men who make a business of exploiting these un- 
fortonile women. And side by side with these men, i|;norant and v[!e, 
<tiBd M-callcd respectable citizens who are also sharing in the in- 
nued vahica from property used to extend the business of prostitu- 
■><■■ Indeed cridciice has been produced tending to show that a highly 
^<*arcd umI respectable company, m whose hands respectable cHiieni 
Mth tbeir mooey, has apparently assumed the trusteeship of four 
"flW vilcft boases of iO-fame in the tfaid street restricted district 

Aaotttr difpaceful fact is that some ostensibly respectable women 
■R nraesv or have control of property where prostitution is practiced. 

Apia lenral wealthy and prominent business men, whose advice 
 Hagk in matters pertaining to the civic welfare and development 
o(CUcag(\ are leasing their bouses on (XlMa) street and (Xl64b) 
*f»t for tfait botincsB. One of these men has six houses in a part 
"t At district where the most disgusting and flagrant violations of the 
^Md police rales occur. Young men hardly out of d>eir teens have 
^ Mta rccUnf ht an intoxicated condition from one of these bonMS 
b At other. One Sfttorday night it was al) one officer could do to 
^ a owd of dnmkcD young men moving and prevent fights on the 
*Mi. In one fantwicc be brutally kicked a young fclktw tad sbovtd 
to h«> the atrcct In another tnstmnce, at the request of the keeper 
•f «c of tbcM km retorts, the officer entered her boose and threw a 
*«kni jKMMf iMB out on the street, raenacing hfan with Us dob. 

A field mvestigition was made in order to detennine the case with 
which fiats and hoiues can be leased from real estate agents for 
immoral purposes. During the month of October hi y eslj g ato r rated 
65 real estate agents and owners, most of whom were of the dty, located 
in residential sections of the city, and in 44 instances tfaqr offered to 
rent rooms and flats. In each instance the investigator stated ibe 
wanted to rent the premises for a ^'sporting house.** 


South Side — Of the 22 real estate owners and agents Yi»tcd on the 
South Side, 15 were willing to rent fiats or houses for immoral pv- 
poses. Among these were the following: 

Mr. (X165), said to be agent or owner of flat building to" 
(X166) to (X167) Wabash avenue. He offered to rent a five 
room flat on the third floor of one of these buildings for 9^^ 
per month. The applicant could have same for two months, ro^ 
in advance, if she behaved herself and did not play the piano afttf 
11 :00 P. M. She must be careful whom she let in and to wImid 
she sold beer. 

Mr. (X165) said it was not necessary to "stand in** with tbe 
officer on the beat, but must be with the "higher ups.** 

( X169 ) Wabash avenue. Janitor told investigator that she im{^ 
be able to sublet a flat in this building. The agent was (XlTV)* 
One oflice being at (X171) East 47th street This firm also rcfltf 
the (X172) flats at (X173) East 21st street There are 18 i0>- 
moral flats in this building. 

(X174) East 23rd street Janitor showed investigator a b^ 
of six rooms for $37.50 per month. (X175) in a saloon o^^ 
rented the flats. The owner was an old man who was away oo^ 
of the time. Could do anything in this place, but must be on^ 

(X176), (X177) Wabash avenue. One of the aldermen of thf 
(X176) ward. (X179) showed invesUgator a flat at (XlW) 
22nd street, rent $35.00 per month. It was a very dktf plac^ 
The agent said she could do as she pleased in this flat 

West S'u//.— Of the 11 real estate agents visited on the West SU^ 

eight were willing to rent flats or houses for immoral parpooea. 

(X181), (X182), West Madison street Arait said he waf 
sure the landlord would rent a flat at (X183) West Van Bhc» 
street for $25.00 or at (Xia4) Honore street for 9SS.M for Mt 
purpose. Was not sure about (X185) West Madiaon atrect 


I{XlM). (XlW) Wmi Madinon «rcet At«il iricd to induce 
iw c wi g to r to buy a hou*e. He had just the thing and would' 
#rUe the commbimn with her. The house he mentioned was 
(X1B8) WeU Monroe, price |«0.00, lie had another place at the 
■DnMTof (XIW) terract. »o«tliwe»t comtr (Xl90) street, $60.00 
per month. Advised invotisator to gc and see the house, de- 
cbrbiK she could make a "pile of money" if house was run right 
and qtiiet. "Then." he added, "we can help you." 

(X191), fXlO!) West Madison street. Agent offered to rent 
Sat* at (Xt93) West Madison street, itid flat 940.00, 3rd flat 
»«000. very poor, no heat. (XI94) West Madison street, Snd 
ftat 94000. He said she wouM have to see the lieutenant of 

(Xl9A^ slatkm before renting any of these places and fix it U| 
with him. Hf tl*m told inrcslipitor to go lo (X136), (X19T. 
Wot Madiaoti street and talk with her. This woman conducts « 

y house at tins address, which is on the police list. SM 
haa one inmate. She told inTCstigator that she did not sell liquor. 

Siit — Of the It real estate agents visited on the North Side, 
to rent Hats or bouses for immoral purpoMS. 
(XMO), (XMl) North Dark street. Agent offered to rent 
at (X808) Roscoe -street for «4r.«0 for im- 

(XnS), (X»M) North Oark street. Agent gave the followin( ] 
liikaM*: (X209) Roscoe street, MS.OO; (XSO0) Evanston av«- ' 
I Me, tUJon. and (X207) Roscoe street, $SO.O0. All of these art 
'hHtei. The a^rnt cautioned the investigator not to lell-the land- 
hri what Ihc hou^e *ai tc be u«d for. 

(XMS), (Xt09) Lincoln avenue. Had one fbt he could rent 
far fanmoral porpoMS, at (XtlO) Fremont street, 2nd flat, dftat 
nsMH, ttevn heat, $40.00. 

(XSll), (Xtll) Lincoln avenue. Agent inbinitted the folknr- 
h| (or inanoral purposes : 

(XS13) Seminary avenue, $33.00. 

(Xn4) Newport avenue, $3S.OO. 

(Xflll), (XS1«) submitted the following for immoral parpoaea: 

(XtlT) SbcAdd avenue, $3S.OO. 

(XI18) Eariy avenne, $33.00. 

rXSlS) Sonthport avenue, $45.00. 

(XnO), (Xni) North Clark street. Agent tubmitted the fol- 
Whg pfakMt which coaM be rented for immoral purp ot ea ; 

(XSU) Briar place. 7 rooma, $3S.0O. 

(Xm) Oakdak aventK, 8 roomi, $48.00. 

(X»4) Oakdak iTcnm, 9 roomi, $47.60. 

(XtS8) BvT7 avemie, 8 roomi, $37.50. 

(Xtt$) Barrr avcme, 7 roam*, $35.00. 

Mr. (n$7) Mcompuiied iamdgator to (XttS) Briar ptocc, 
h4 mU tfNT Meded  good hooic oat there He mU he knew 


of a woman on Wilson avenoe who had a place and a list of 
married women she called in when necessary. He offered to do 
all he could to help investigator to secure a food bustoess and 
put her "on to" a man who would send all the women she needed. 

The Loop — Of the 11 real estate agents visited, eight offered to ror 
flats or houses for inunoral purposes or said they did do such basiaessw 

(X229), (X230) Washington street gave the fotkmii^ id- 
dresses and said tlu^ might have something by Decem b er 1st: 

(X231) Calumet avenue, 1st flat, $32.00. 

(X232) Calumet avenue, $35.00. 

(X233), room (X234), (X235) Dearborn street sabouttcd 
(X236) Ellis avenue, nine rooms. Offered to show place, ifter 
he had seen the owner. Asked how many inmates she would lave. 

(X237), room (X238), (X239) Washington street sobnittcA 
(X240) Michigan avenue. Rent, $50.00, which he said would he 
vacant in about one month. Advised seeing the janitor, Ur^ 

(X242), (X243) Dearborn street Investigator spoke to Ur- 
(X242). He said he had nothing in that line except in die vcr^ 
cheapest neighborhoods. 

XIV. Street SolicitaiiofP— It is only fair to say that the conditioia^ 

on the streets in the downtown business district at present are mo^ 

better than they have been in many years in the City of Chicaga Thi^ 

improvement has been gradual during the past three or four yctf^* 

It seems, however, that the policy of restriction has been carried 00^ 

in regard to street walking in much the same way as to houses. Whil^ 

street solicitors have been seen in respectable residential sectkwi, 

most flagrant violations occur in certain districts of the city, and 

certain streets. Roughly speaking these sections and streets are 

follows : 

The downtown business distrkt, on such streets as Wibis*^ 

(south from Van Buren) to Peck court, from thence to State 

the side streets, and on State to Van Buren. 

In vicinity of the 22d street restricted district, and at far soodi 
63d street. 

On the North Side from the river on Clark and the akk ttrecta» 
of State to Chicago avenue, and even beyond. 

On the West Side, on such streets as Madison, Halsted, 
Peoria, Sangamon. 

The following extract from a report made by a misskMiary 
gives her impresskm of conditions on the North Skle: 

"Fran tbe rim to Chka^ avenue, includinf Wells, LaSalle 

od Qvk itreets, are certainljr growing worse very fast. It is 

tfanpljr abrnunf. Dcirbom avenue. North Oark street, is (ast 

becomntf a red hght district. [ have worked in all these places, 

aad OB speak from defp cKperiencc. It is going farther north 

iH tbe time, even as far as North avenue. On all the cross streets, 

[rom the river lo Chicaeo avenue, one can see soliciting going on 

ahnosi anj time of night." 

Thti conclusion hai been verified by the field investigation. One 

 who has covered the North Side from the river to Chicago 

; State, Welts and Ctark, and all intersecting streets, three dif- 

tevTBl tima in as many years, declares thai conditions are worse in 

ifcai Mction than they were three years ago. Prostitutes are soliciting 

an fractlcally all o( lhc»e streets. For instance, on North State street, 

fna UkhifM to OiKigo aventie: on North Clark the women walk 

f««B KiMSC as far at North avenue, and openly solicit in front of 

wmmihf kooKs, and enlnoces to hotels. On LaSalle avenue, from 

MUJpM itreet to Qiksgo aventK, the same conditions exist. 

A$iB oa Wells street, girls from the rear rooms of saloons en- 
Aaw lo tatiet men lo go lo rooms over saloons, or lo the rear rooms 
teMte. On InditDa from Wells lo Gark, Eric street, from Well* 
* Sbk, OWo from Wrih lo Stale, Huron from Wells to Sute, 
OUo Ironi Wdb to Slate, street solicitation prevails. 
TVrt ire two daues of proslitutes on the streets, professional and 
I •"•■professional. By the latter is meant girls who are employed dur- 
'. ^ the dty, and use Uiis method of finding excitement or increasing 
\ fcir intome. The ages of these girls range from 16 to 81. and thejr 
•** in rltjiirimenl stores, factories, as ilome5lic servants, as waitresses, 
** ■aopaphert, and in other occupationi, 
^ feDowMiff typical cases illustrate the foregoing statements : 
,AF«rtA S>dt-'-C*Tmen solicited on North Clark street near Divi- 
■■»■ Sbe did not appear to be over 18 years of age, was timid 
*■' McnMd afraid. Lives on LaSalle avenue. Works downtown. 
>ihi men to hotel on West Erie street 

Ucilc aolicitcd on street Lives on Dearborn avenue. Will go 
*^ My botcL Preonents buffet on North Clark street Lndfie 
 ■tat M years of age. Coarse and ignorant 
^hiMk uiicited on comer of Ohio and Clark streets to go to 
*<W over Mloon on North Clark street 

November IMi fanrcstigitor was solicited by nine different street 
*lhtn em the corser ofHicfafffan and North Clsrk streets froia 
■itotdlP. M. 

Eusniio ooNDinoMi 

All of the women inrited htm to go to a hotel on NofI 
street This hotel has in entrance from the back roo 
saloon on North Qark street 

The price asked by the women was $1.00 and 80 cents 

10:30 until 11:30 P. M. saw four diflferent giris aoHe 
North Gark street from Ohio to Indiana. 

Violet solicited five men from Indiana to Illinois on NofI 
street from 8:30 to dM P. M. 

Bete solicited in front of n garden on North wwtm 
her father worked for streec < oartment and don't give i 
money or clothes. She goes y n fellows for Sd cents; ki 
no place to go except up the t dc near Division street S 
she was 17 years old. Speaks pKW English. Has been in 
five years. 

1:30 to 2K)0 A. M. Nine ffi b solkitim from Erie to 

10:00 to 10:30 P. M. i girls solicitinff on Nord 

from Huron to Erie. 

8.*00 to 9:00 P. M. Four gfa-ls soliciting on Ohfo from 
Gark to LaSalle avenue. 

9K)0 to lO.-OO P. M. Ten girls on Nordi Qark street fn 
tario to Ohio streets. 

After 10:00 P. M. Five girls on Ontario from Nortl 
to LaSalle avenue. 

Sq>tember 9th, 9.-00 to 9:30 P. M. Fourteen girls u 
on corner of Illinois and North Gark. 

West Side. — October 13th. ossie, 21 years of age, a w 
solicited on comer of Ada ai West Ik^dison streets to 
(X246) West Madison street, wnere she has a room. 

Paulette solicited on comer of Curtis and West Madison 
is 22 years old, married. "Hustles" to support two-year-di 
Said she could get a room on West Madison street 

Mignon solicited on street to go to hotel on West Maditoi 
Mignon said she was 19 years o 1 

South Side — Investigator v solicited on Indiana avci 
tween 42nd and 43rd streets oy two girls. One named (! 
married to a traveling salesman, and lives on (X247) i 
near (X248) street She is employed during the day 
(X249) building, one goes out at nifijht "on the quiet** IK 
take anyone home, but will go to toteb or assignation housa 
other woman, Rosie, is marrieo and lives in Mflwaakcc» 
she lives at (X250) Wells street flat (Xt51). She has 
her furniture and is separated from her husband. Is stai 
South Park avenue for a few dajrs. Expects to visit Mrs. (] 
who keeps an assignatkm flat at (X253) Indiana aveiMM 
expects to come to Chicago to live 1 o a flat of hi 
on the South Side as soon as she can n n dent mooer* 
or three of her men friends here hi C • ave dhrti i 

nn ■oajii. cnt IM chicaoo 

her flO.M K»ch for thit purpose. She has a flat in view and 
hnowi where ihe can Mcure all the girlt *he needi when she in 
Tt»dy to itarL 

Solicited bjr ffirl on JaclcMn and LaSallc street at 18.20 A. M. 
Girt fare name of Jennie and tnviteil investiplor to call on her 
al flat <X335), 31>t street. Kept by Mrs. (XS«6). Says Mri. 
(XIM) receives brrsclf, that she runs a regular assignation places , 
can have liqaDr, as there is plenty in the place. Flat is over ttit 
(XS*S> cafe. 

Manette solicited on South State street. Said she was 18 yean 
old. lives al hoRM and "don't have to hustle." Frequents saloon 
M SoMh Sate street. 

Soe foticits on South State street to go upstairs over saloon at 
(XUD) South State ilreet. 

A plain clothes man spcdce to a woman who solicits on the 
Btml in the 2(n<l street district. He said, "Well, how is busincU 

^ Jasnary 3rd S< hoases of prostitution were closed on Sangamoiit 
'jfWfl tnd Peoria Mreets. According to a police report there were 
lU hnatci in these houses. On the nights of January SI and 22, 1911, 
 ite ali f a lor was ■oUciled by 46 diRerent women on Madison, Hal- 
^ Sang am oB, Lake, Peoria, and Green streets. He secured the 
■■a of IS of these women, and they correspond with the namti 
^ Ik former tnmates of these booses. 

Wat Sid* — During period of IS minales, three girls solicited 
OB Adams between Morgan and Sangamon. 

Onring period of 16 minates, seven girls stdiciting on Monroe 
t-m Habted to Peoria. 
10 :M P. U., three girb soliciting on Monroe between Green and 

10 :M to 11 P. M., nine girls soliciting on Madison street from 
Sangimffn to Horgan- 

Dtmmtotm, South to Ecti ttnd Street— \-M A. M. Clark 
ittcct, near river. Met waitress who works in lunch room, said 
riK would go to a room from 7 A. H., when she leaves her work. 

ttil time to go back to work. 
»:Mloll-i0 F 

%M to 11 JO P. M. Investigator was solicited by 14 diflferort 
■iris in vfetnitT of Wabash avenue, between Van Buren and 
Qoamna^ EkM solldted for a hotel on Wabash avenne, and six 
far iotd oa Mate street 

10:10 to lOip P. If. InveMigator was solicited by foUowiof 

Wn (XtW) on State between Jatteon aod Adams; 
- Blel, 'phone (XSOO). 

WBS wI fO 


• At I 

C7 m 

Came from (X261), Indiana, about three months agt 
in restaurant on 22nd street. Lives in rooming house on 
avenue. Is not a regular prostitute, goes with men fo 
or money. Is poorly paid at restaurant. Don't like th 
prefers city life. Expects to move to a room where 
has promised to allow her to do as she pleases abooi 
friends to her room. 

South Side from East 22nd to 63rd Streel^Sltt an 
avenue. Lucille lives on Prairie avenue. Fairly well 
About 19 years ; would go to hotel. 

On Michigan avenue near 24th street. Qirmeiit tS 
goes to hotel on Michigan avenue, lives on Mkhifu 
7>hone Calumet (X262) ; does not take men to her roo 

At 61st street and Cottage Grove avenue. Flossie 
her parents on West (X263) street About 21; goes ti 
63rd street 

At 28th street and Michigan avenue. Two mulatto 
named (X264), about 22, other 20, neither kx>k over 
live on Wabash avenue in rear apartment and take men 

Southwest Side — Met Lill^ in front of a five cent the 
is a dressmaker's apprentice and receives $3.50 p 
"Hustles'^ at night Her parents are dead. Her aant 
suaded her to become immoral. Frequents saloon on S 
sted street 

Paulette's parents made her leave home because she 
at night. She says she is "going to hell proper^ now. I 
old. Frequents saloon on South Halsted street 




rftk mid tflh Prttinttt — These precincts contain the so-called West 

rvicc iltitrKt. 
Nmber of houici 38 

Nnmber ol mmatet in these houses 160 

Nnmber of flats 93 

Number of imnaln and keepers in these flats 311 
Ln OS confiite the pment inquiry as to profit to two factors, ni., 
y*. that from increateil rent, and second, from fees paid to the 
•MM (or the rental of her body. 

Ai I preface to malhematical stalcnicnts, and to show that the 
ipn) pren are nllra-comcrvalive, lake the foltowinf excerpU from 
ntaMHi ftrcn in conferences before the Commission, first ai to 
fntu from ranali of bonsei used for purposes of prostitution, and 
_ mad, u la the amount made by the individual prostitute. 
f (XlU) ]««cs a hmite for $G0.0O per month in a section where it 
wrid k impoMible to sublet to respectable parties for a tegitimate 
'■mnt of 97S.00 per moath. He then expends, say 4200.00 in par- 
'■'■"■I 00 ID amall bed roonu; loUl expenie so far 9250.00. 

^ wM niea to a landlady for $200.00 per month, and she often 
W> I hoau in addition to the nO0.00. 

'" (hn |et) bis money back during the first month's rental, and a 
F><l of tiM.O0 that month and erery month thereafter. 

W' (XM) had a certain unoccupied piece of proper^ on (XS6<a) 
*« •bid he foTToerly leased for $50.00 per month. He rented It 
'* MOM per month for purpoies of prostitution. 

A kftpc Qf 2 house of ill-fame stated in conference that *Ik paid 
^^••l per yew on a 10-year lease for the house. 

^*'4tw* on Ac with the- Commission shows largely increased rentB« — 
""^^ dooUe — paid for flats to be used far assignation purpoaaa. 
^  typical ioBtancc, see page BO, under heading "Expense of 
roa^m^ the Flat" Rent tW— legitimate rent tSO. Revenue, 
'^V unoant taiwn in— tlU per month; highest— 4340 covering a 
^ ytu period. She bad two inmates, and charged |10 to til per 

^ prfcca ckftrged were IS, tT and 410. Rooms were also rtnted 
f* aiipatkM porpoacs, price 4t f or a short thne. and 4» for lO 


The universal practice is that the "madame takes half.** 

If the profit, therefore, of the inmate is given that of tl 
is known. 

One madame testified before tlie GMnmission that in a M-a 
on the West Side, she with one girl took in $175 to ttOO f 
She also testified that she herself entertained €0 men in one 
50 cents each. 

This madame is supporting members of her familj, and h 
in the bank. 

Other testimony shows that girls are not encouraged to sti^ 
cheap houses who do not turn in $35 per week at least 

Testimony from a keeper and inmates shows that her | 
from $100 to $400 a week, and in one or two cases where ti 
especially attractive and "womanly** even $500 per week. Tl 
has 24 "boarders.'* 

Investigator's report gives the case of one woman who had < 
a flat on the South Side in the residence district for a few yi 
had made enough to purchase property on the North Shie» ai 
from business,** and of another who proposed to retire^ mm 
to purchase an orange grove. 

Inmates of other houses not so pretentious ($S and $3 booic 



■to II jrtar* of ifc to lire, «tc.. in  house of prottiliition." Tlie 
(wni tried by a jurr. *nd a verdict of fuilty returned, and ■ppeal 
MnittlM Sttprcmc Court, where the verdict was sustained. 

lathtpHnicd abstract of record filed in tlie 5>upreme Court in ttiii 
■■, nrtiin pa^ci are reproduced, taken from a book kept by the 
nduM 9f (he hoaie. T1te*e ^gt* pve llie record of the inmate* 
M iht hoaie for five consecutive days in May. 1907, and 9)iows the 
^•^ of men received by each inmate each day, and the amount 
ad [irl received. 

IWprkv for "fervicc" in this house was SO cent*. It is shown 
Am lix rtfutaf inmaln on four conteeutive days received 394 men, 
 ntrife of between 65 aiwl 6C per day. or 13 per day each, and were 
M I bXal of MS.M, or approximately U per day each. This would 
^M mtkly earning* of ftS each, and as the total amount oC money 
■Cmd «•* divided tqaally between the inmates and the madamc 
■« iBidime't eamin(f» on ihi* basis from these six inmates would be 
ttU per week, or UJBU per year. 

Tbt ncord, however, of two of (he six itunatei who worked five 
i^iuiiu day* b u follow*: 

Son. Hon. Tun. Wed. Thur. Total Ar. 
Id^tfMB 34 M 12 9 17 76 15 

Rt^ifaM 30 23 31 21 46 130 38 

"^itf therefore averaged a little over 15 visitors per day, and 
'" vmUj camfaigi would be aboat the same as those given above. 

"FloriKC," however, who was the IS-yttt-tM girl of the case in 
"■t. oa one day received 45 men, averaged 86 per day, and was 
pi* MtU tor the 5 days, or at the rale of f45.S0 per week. And, 
"coarte, "earsMd" a •iroilar amount for the keeper. 

Tk total amooal the *ix gb-li received for'the five dayi wa* 9114 
(■ttoagh fo«r of them "worked" only four days). The weekly 
fntt of the Madame, therefore, from these lix inmates, taUng this 
 Iht a v wa g t would be 9159.60, or •3;I09.S0 per anmun.* 
h ahoald be w membcred that this houae *as one of the lowest and 

In 1908, in connection with the arrest of the keeper of a disordoly 

house, the authorities seized his books and papers. Amonf these boob 
was one giving the names of the inmates, and amoonts turned ia by 

them each day; total for one month daily* and total reoe^ per nontb 

for 28 consecutive months. These records were held as part oC the 

evidence in this case, and are given below in detail (The figorcs 

given are all taken from the records ; the ''averages'* and other analyto 

of the tables are ours.) 

The price for service in this house was $1. 

The reguUr number of inmates of this house was 18. S o miiimft 
these were a few more or a few less. 

Record for one day (March 14) names of girls and amouot toned 
in by each : 











































ToUl 91 inmates 



1 91.10 

Average profit per inmate (1/9) per day; per week 97011^ 

Average profit per inmate for I » 110.05 per day; per week 




TMI aociAL snL Ilf 


Dmiy ncori of Hnntn 

(or OIK WMie 

March 7th to 13th: | 




10<li llih 






•10 SIS 






18 14 


B ^ 



7 18 


m so 



S3 4 





9 SI 





11 7 





14 9 





14 IS 





4 30 





7 7 





6 10 




16 7 




S3 11 





13 ID 





SI 10 





S 6 







MM «3M «S40 «B08 OfiO flTS «19S 

Total for mtcr days 91fii* 

Avcrafc nnmbcr of inmates 18 

Avenge pa- week for eacli inmate (1/S) 950 
Avtrtfe per week from each inmate (1/9) 
for maiURie 950 

Kaeord of daily re c e tpti from inmates for one month : 
Um. S, 9S47 IS, 9197 SS, 9339 

1, m 




4, n» 

14. BOO 



i, KW 

U, 3M 



1. ni 

11, »33 



7. «• 

17. S81 



•. an 

19, >» 



1, tu 

It, <U 



U, lU 

M, a4< 



11, MO 

SI, 4» 



Totd br W dan 


A<a^t aaiAfr o( lamua. 

AftfH« millilll per fauaM for noMh (1/ 

Avenge MffMRfs pcf wwutt for wwk 
s lor keeper for n 


prices) the sum of $206,407 must be tdded to the above iggregite 
for rental only (for the West Side $8,812 and for the South Side 
$198,196). Estimating that only one prostitute entertains once each 
night in each room at a price of $1, the **hody rental" amounts to 
$412,815. (For the West Side $16,426 and for the South Side 
$396,390.) It is an ultra-conservatire assumption that coosiderio{ 
the total business done, these sums may be called ''profits." To con- 
clude with the police list, 10 houses with 26 inmates, 36 flats with 7S 
inmates and 19 assignation hotels baring $1 rooms are ghren for the 
38th precinct. North Side. 

An estimate of these on the West Side basis, giren below (whidi ii 
entirely too low) gires an additional sum of $828,022. (See cstamle 
in final table.) 

We thus have, dealing with the p'oiiee list only a grand total praic 
from the two factors mentioned, from toUraied or regulaied vice ii 
the city of $7,865,144. 

And even this is not all. The investigation of the Qmunissiai, 
which covered only a part of the city, showed 898 disorderly salooai 
catering to immoral women, practically assignation rooms, or homo 
of ill-fame,' in which 928 prostitutes were seen; it showed 88 holdi 
over saloons, 37 hotels not over saloons, 82 rooms over salooos, U 
houses over saloons, and 60 rooms not over saloons. None of ttot 
saloons, houses, hotels or assignation places are given on the police 
list, or considered in the above statement 

Estimating on the lowest basis given above (and omitting cotiRif 
the 398 disorderly saloons and the 928 prostitutes seen in then), i 
sum amounting to $611,646 must be added, considering each iMttT 
as a flat with two inmates only, and each of the 24 houses as hifiiC 
only two. The final sum is therefore $8,476,689.00. 

It must be borne in mind that the vast revenue from the sak o( 
liquor is entirely neglected in this sum, nor are any of Ac \tK0 
sources of profit considered, such as tips given to the girla by 
(testimony shows this amounts to $26 per week per faunate m die 
houses) nor from music, or the large sums made by gnriiy ii 
shows, etc Nor has it anything to do with the matter of 

In the above estimates, the total number of prootitotct 

MM m aocui. rvtl in cmcAoo 

it Ijn. TMs figtirc doet not include the 9S8 prostilules counted 'm 
Aanlcrtj nloont mcnticmcd, but only inmates of houses, flats and 
nonft. The "per capiu" tnnuaJ profit, thertfore (from rentals of 
IH^iUlj a»d fees paid women) of this buiiness, found by dividing 
dtt aggngtU fi*cn by 3^33, is approximately fl,4S0.00. 

WhM tnait be the vmlne of real estate and property where such po»H 
Mibes of rcranci are fooad ? 

AaalyriHC fnrtlier the Stnrcs given, ofnilting the first factor of 
natal of properly and the keeper's or madame's shire, and consid- 
II in, only llw xggre^te earnings of the individual prostitute (amount- 
tag to MJITfUl) and dividing the sum by 3,333, wc have a "per 
apiti'* eaminf c^udty ot approximately 41,300 per annum, or 929 
pa week. Ttab it 5 per ccdL on $26,000. The average wage paid in t 
ttpmmait Hon it W.0O per week, or $300 per year. This is 6 per 
eoM. OS 9>,000. In other words, a girl represents a capitalized value 
of tM,000 ai a profetstooal prostitute, where brains, virtue and all other 
piod things are "nil," cr more than four times as much as she it 
wmfSt, H ft factor in Ac indiutrial and social economy, where brains, 
iMAicncc, Tirtae and womanly charm should be worth a premium. 

The ■tilinirrtt were made above that the "madame gets half," 
■ri Am even in the dieap homes the girl who cannot turn in 925.00 
fm vedi it not eneouraged to remain. As has been shown, the aver- 
■fi wmUj earaiogs (as mncb underestinutcd ai the above figures 
(Hlainlj are) aw oant to that, and the keeper's or madame's share 
H iaown to a m on nt to mfUKiDS, 

W)i7 wonder then at the commercialization of prostitution, or at 
hyii aMULnn ? \A madame with 10 girls in a house has a sure revenue 
•f lUO per week, or $1S,000 per year.^ After paying her exorbitant 
SH vf 91,400 per amram, is there not emugh left for "protection" 
M iraft of every conceivable deacription ? 

Tk reaMM for the statements of a keeper that she pays $8,000 per 
^ rent for a bouse that wooU ordinarSy rent for less than 9U00, 
■4 tm her daily expense for 14 servants, breakage of furniture 
, etc, is ms, are cauly accounted for, when compared 
■p nn y in g statement that "I have accommodatkmt for M 
' and the farther statements both from her and the 
the "enrn in g i " are from 9100 to $SO0 per wcdc per 
im b erl ng that the 'madame gets half." 



Assuming the lowest figure wHh 24 girb earnmg $50 per wtdk, 
the madame's share is 968,400. 

If, howerer, the statement of daily expense amoonting to tStS b 
correct, this must be too low, as there would be a deficit 

On the basis of $100 per week for each inmate as tiie madame*! 
share, there would be a profit of $42,675 per year. 

These figures speak for themselves, and show in a startling inanMr 
why vice exists in Chicago, why it is allowed to exist, and wliy polilki 
and graft are inseparable from it under existing oondition^ 

The rich hoard thus offered explains the reason for the amy of 
cadets and thieves, exploiters and scoundrels who live oo the eanngs 
of the bodies of the unfortunate women, who are led to believe the 
life is "easy.** It also accounts for the co mmerci al interests tliat sap- 
port, bolster, and live upon it, the real estate owners, and agents* the 
liquor interests, costumers, furriers, jewelers, druggists, doctors and 
many others who live on or share in the earnings of the proststnte. 

The girl is peculiarly susceptible to all forms of graft, and is per- 
sistently grafted upon by all. Nobody respects, admires or loves her; 
no one wants her but for one puqx 

Confined as in a prison, her only r rarce is in Idowiof in her 
easy money" for what she can get to Ice the hoora tj, and liK ii 
an easy victim to each and every gra who gets the chance to prqr 
upon her. It is the ease of her es oo that largdy •^^^imitt for 

the so-called commercialization of pi tioo and its perpetaatkML \ 

IBB aociAi. Km. IN cmcAoo 

ncAnrvLATicw or estimates civeh abov«— rrEMiEBD. 
Fnm Petkt Liit—Wrtt Si4t—Ho»m and Flalt. 
'rails ol owners or Itison. 


18 houKS It $1,000 p«r y»r each, 
M flats tt 1300 per year each. 

$ 38,000 




Prtfu of tanues, 

IM kHMlet, houMs ■! <2S week, 
m inwlet, Aats at *S3 week. 
FMn of hc«pcn or nudanm. 

SOI ifunaln, houses and flaU at |SS week 


: 661,300 

« BMi{nation botelt. 
Pro6u of owners or lessors. 
46 rooms at ».60 per nj^l 
4« iniMlca at 91 per night 




Total West Side. 


Prate of owoen or Icssori, 

U bouMi at «1,000 per year each 

ProAti of inmatca, 

in at fSS week each, 

PnStt of keepers or madamet, 
IM iomate* at $U week each 


Total South Chicago, 


ote of owners or lessors, 
119 booses at $1,000 per year each $119,000 
IM Hats at $«00 per year each 85,800 

Vntta of ini 

$8$ nmates boasei $50 week 
177 imnate* flats at $B0 week 

fronts of keepers or inaaaines. 
Ml iniBates at (SO per week 

PraCts of owners or lessors, 

17 aasifiiatkio holds, 108$ rooms, at 

50 cents iiigbt 
Fraits 1,0M hmatcs it |1 per night 

Totd Sooth SMt 



Flronts of owuo% or kssofs^ 

10 booses at $ljOOO per ytMr each $ lO/XK) 

36 flats at tSOO per year each 10,800 


xTonis oi mniufSy 

26 inmates hcmscs tS5 week each 88,800 

73 inmates flats t86 wcdc each 94^ 

Pirofits of keepcis or madames, 

99 innates, booses and flaU t86 week 188,700 
19 asstfnatioo hptHt 

Pktifits 9 rooms at 50c per night each 16,607 

Pktifits 91 inmates at $1 per night each 88JI1I 

Total North Skle I W* 

Total from booses, flats and assignatkin 

hotels giren m police list VJW^* 


Pktifits to owners or lessors, 

70 hotels, considered as flats, $300 per 

jear each $ 81,000 

84 booses $1,000 per year each 84,000 

Profits of inmates, these booses and flats, 

188 at $85 per week each 844,400 

Profits of keepers or madames, 

188 inmates at $85 per week each 844,400 

Profits of owners or lessors of 148 rooms 

at 50c per night 85,911 

Profits 148 inmates of these rooms at $1 per 
n^ 51,830 

Total, not on police list 

Grand total. 

iHS waau. BTiL nr cmcAOo 

Tmown wmm thi Sau or Ltouot ih CoNHimoK with Pboshti 


Then IK T.IBS takxMU in the City of Chiugo. The preMtit rati 

of saJoom to popatition i* 1 to about 300 people. According to Xh 

ttnimao^ before the Connnisiion, given by the President of the Bre« 

rr%' Exehingc ami the rcprefcnUlire of the Retail Liquor Dealer 

L Fraintive Assocutlon, It will be S4 to 2£ yesra before any nei 

^B ICRnet will be granted, becatue the city ordinancei provide that non 

^^ iaO be i»aed Biriil the ratio of aalooni to population shall be 1 10 SW 

^^ All   mcuarc account! for the fact that saloon license* that cot 

^H BjM per anniin are now worth $2,000 la $3,500. are rapidly increutft 

^1 h ^ikm, «ad are being bought up whenever possible by the liquo 

The orpjiiMr of the Uquor Dealeri' Associition states that S5 pe 
t">t of (he saloon keepers in the city go out of business every sii 
WUbv On the face of it, this would lead to the belief that the busi 
*nt vu tnqwofitable, but that must be far from the truth. A licens< 
*W iranted is not restricted as to locality but is good in any por 
■not the city: neither b it restricted as to person, but is valid fo 
■taanoevei' owns it These two Utter features undoubtedly accoun 
iwtfat shifting character of the ownership. At any rate, the numbe 
^ Hloons docs not diminish and the fact that it does not, that other 
*t net only always ready and anxious to get in, but are willing ^ 
^J Bora than twice the cost of the heavy license, proves that the in 
ARiTe is the enormoas profit that can be made under existing con 

TWe cut be no doubt that the profits of an orderly, well conducts 
^km Btder proper management, are large,->^ml when the tremendoui 
Mt Bade by the disorderly saloon which not only allows, but sedo 
■Viid of the prostttule as an adjunct to its business (and is pennitte< 
^ da lo) is coasidcred. further light is thrown upon the subject 
Tkie nlooai, with rear rooms frequented by prostilutea $olicitin| 
^ k> bvy drinks and tor immoral purposes, either directly c o ua e ctc c 
*tt raooia or hotcb in the same building, or indirectly with other 
h Ac near widakj are virtually houses of prostitution, and the nude 
"< rkt, cha plaoea wbcr* raanj uke the initial step, and oa tba otbti 

The usual price for a pint bottle of beer (in rev roa 
is 25 cents. 

The per cent, of gross profit to the saloon keeper is 
the commission being included in the cost When sold 
stairs the prices are doubled and the per cent of gnw* 
per cent 

Counterfeit mixed drinks for the women, «■«*«**■«» u 
tails, consisting of colored water and a <itarf, sell for % 
per cent of gross profit on ttiese is over SOO per oen 
greater when sold upstain. 

In the majority of such saloons, prostitutes arc not oi 
to solicit, but are paid a commission on the sale' of di 

A low estimate of the amount earned per day by mc 
of drinks is (3.00. 

The averse number of girls found in tlie tM saloo 
▼esligator was solicited was approximately S. 

On the basis of only 200 per cent profit whidi dii 
tically everything from the question except beer, die di 
from 5 girls earning $3.00 per day oo a 10 per oeot ooon 
be ISO or (18,260 per year. 

Assuming that the 236 disorderly saloons men ti caed, a 
6 girls each, the aggregate profits on the above baais « 

IN tm mtanh tru. in chicaoo 

if < n npons of not to exceed tS for a bed. i chain ind a few 
lanlL Time raoRU an rented rnany times during each 84 hours. 
Itr rtnft price for loch roomi ii 60 cents. From 5 rooms of thii 
kM raltil only twiee 6»y at SO cents, the annual revenue amounts 

Bartm in mind Ibat ibcM enormous revenues are only "side lines," 
irittH to the natnrsl or normal business of the saloon, some idea 
Wtf It larsKd as to the value ot the business of prostitution as an 
wf/an, aad M to Ifcc dificnlly of properly regulating, controlling or 
■^fRaini thcK ditorderly places. 

Cd^fvfaf the CBmbigi of the women employed in this manner — 

ikftndva, uid for those who hire them — with what they could 

of department stores, or as factory hands, some 

may be drawn. 

h Ihi fm pbce, RKMt of ihcM women or girls are not necessarily 

r BiAfiiient, bat certainly, frrmi their opportunity and environment 

*wc Urtk, anolacatcJ, umkiUcd and with littk opportunity or po«st- 

Wr lor ndal a d v an cement or bet t er m e nt . 

0<vg to tbe fact that the law ot supply and demand regulates 
fc|ri(t of aach labor as they can do, rather than the earning capacity 
vf tk nploTC for the employer, the average wage these women could 
**PU to ctiB an tbe ordinary coarse of employment is 96.00 per week, 
hrij cBoogh to support life — certainly not enough to supply even 
^ MM aodeit and nUoral dcatrc of a girl for dress or what one 
^tac" called "taltf ruffles." In other words, the apparent "good 
'■p* of life which she seca enjoyed by women and girls all around 
™> n atftcn of course. Small hope for advancement or bettcr- 
^1. ar • home of her own or of earning enou^ for « modest outfit 
* *lM to tnry woman's nataral aim, marriage. 

Rw "ospkaHacd" value as one of the army of the employed i* 
IMNt H ft per week, or 9300 per year b 5 per cent of thto snm. 

Sdfag driaka for a aaloon keeper at M per cent comraistioa, she 
*** for hendf Ol per wcdc, as a minimum, or 91100 per year. 
^ apJ Miw d nhM now, at tnch agent, based on her eaminga is 
I^INl or anr^ fow' tfanci u nmch a* hi the industrial ranka, and 
■*Hi wt ficncr proni frotn tbe rental of her body In coonoctkM 
«li hv ImIiui* ire eoMUercd, to it ■ttange tint tbe Uft tppMra 


to her "easy" or that her "reformation" is difikult, or that it is difficolt 
to control or suppress this crying cril? 

What can be offered to such women to rcphice the ^Huxury" ooit- 
tainable to them in any other known way» but made possibk by tbe 
life they are almost incritaUy bound to follow, and why wonder H 
the perpetuation (in spite of all the alleged efforts at control) of tic 
disorderly saloon, when the profits these women make for the sato 
keepers are so enormous as shown by the above facts? 


The following facts are taken from statements made in oaakf 
ences before the Commission with madames and irnnatei, and km 
data furnished by investigators. 

Beer costing four cents per bottle (pint) is sold in 
houses for 25 cents, in more expensive houses for 50 cents, itA 
though quart bottles are sold for double prices, often a pint bottk 
is sold for $1.00. 

"Champagne" so-called, mostly a very dieap quality, costs |1S 
to $16 per dozen bottles. It is sold in the cheaper booses for 
$3.00 per bottle; in the more expensive houses for $S.OO per 

One madame stated that, prior to May 1, 1910, before the mk pro- 
hibiting the sale of liquor in the houses was in force, she '"averaged 
on beer $1,200 to $1,500 per month.** 

Another madame of "a dollar" house stated, "^e used to make a 
good deal of money out of beer and Ikiuor. We made $1,000 a noodL 
We charged 50 cents for a bottle of beer and $3 for dampagnc. I 
now lose $1,000 and my partner $1,000 a month.** 

A Dearborn street madame sakl tjiat where she fonnerlj (prior lo 
May 1, 1910) paid $500 per month rent, she now paid $tM» nod woald 
gladly pay $500 if permitted to sell beer. 

Inmates, according to a madame's statement, for merly wmim $U is 
$i5 per week in commissions on sak of beer and wiM^ aad At 
madame who testified that she made $1,200 to $1,500 per anA 
sakit ""the giris got 40 per cent commissk>n.** As she had tm girl^ 
their earnings on that basis would be $12 to $15 per week cnck 

It is practically unpossibie to make definite matbcmatiad Mte* 
meats regarding tbe aggregate profit of this bosniesa ki tte lime 


feiM dbtrku, Iral in order to show bow vast it must be, assuin- 
'te llir iTCrsfe amitn) profit to each houM ii $5,000 and for each 
WW, um) 910 per week each for ininal«s as commissioft, the re- 

Vmm PoucbLmt. ^H 

iflUiaoaM. 38 at 16,000 tl90,000' 

iSdaFkti 03 2,000 166,000 

ISUtlanMM SOI £20 260,520 

AChieacoHOMH 25 6,000 125.000 

ACUMfslDBrtn 120 620 62,400 

kSU» BoOHi 119 5,000 506,000 

kSdtnata 148 3,000 286,000 

bOdelmalM MS 620 600,760 

bOdtHawei 10 6.000 60.000 

>aJtJ>B»yiallBBHoteb 19 6,000 05,000 

bMtrkli 38 2,000 73.000 

iBMalnMln 90 620 61,480 

Mri tnm Hoom, FUa, A«lpiBtiaB Hotab and In- 
MlH ^wm iB poBm Brt 13,474,160 

Tuam iMnmunn hot om Fouca Lnr. 

«rii 5,000 350,000 

■M 6,000 120,000 

m and Hotala 620 07,760 

630 73,840 

Mai set <a poBes BM 1641,600 

M^oapdtoliit «2,474,160 

On^TUd <3,ei6,760 

May 1, mo, the nilc of the General Saperintcndcat of Polkc 
Wif Ibe aale of lii|tiar m boiue) of prostitntioii went into effect 
Ac whole it hat been fairly well obcTcd. No liquor b openly 
I hoaaca, with the exception of the most famous bouse of afi, 
aa hrea tip lor recently purchased a bottle of beer aod oiw 
• ii the nme nofestrided way, and at the same prices. Other 
oa the mne atreet sold only soft drinks. 

t derircd from this order, either to the bimates 
Of eonnc. 


protest. Those of the higher priced houses admit tbejr can still con- 
tinue in business^ though at greatly reduced profits. Others daia 
their business is ruined 

There can be no doubt that the business of the saloons in these 
restricted districts has enormously increased. The madamft ahnoit 
all say that the girls are drinking more than before, and are mmtuf 
and hard to control. 

Many inmates have left the houses and now live in flats, where tii^ 
sell liquor under a government receipt, secured at a cost of tMjOlL 

"There are 500 flats opened up on the South Side since Umj IsL* 
An inspector sUtes, 'There are 860 flats with p rostitu ti on on Cottage 
Grove avenue and all over; that is from BSnd street, south and east of 
Sute street"* 

It is undoubtedly true that the result of the order has been la 
scatter the prostitutes over a wider te rr ito r y and to transfer the sde 
of liquor carried on heretofore in houses to the nearby saloon 
and to flats and residential sections, but it is an open qneatk 
it has resulted in the lessening of either of the two evils, of 
and drink. 

Final Rbcafttulatiok of Aniival 1 m 

PnuenraTBoii m * iJitt ov CnoanOi 

Rentals of {woperty and profits of Keepeca and Tmnafea. • . .$ 8^€K|M 

Sale of liquor, disoirderly aakMina onhr 4JUtJM 

Sale of li<^uor hi houses, flala, and profita of Inmataa tm 
wwnmiwsyma S;;MVV 

■tancei,'' lunming thit there ire SOO.OOO "residents" who 
■idered u supporters of this vice, it would be necessary 
m to eapoid sftprodcinutdjr tSS per ■mmm to nuke up 
IMS flf ft,400,000. If each one spent 94 per ereoing on 
0^ k wooM iwcewirate bb making 7 Tislts a TCar to houses 

lAir of vinti bjr eadi would take care of the matter 
f nimau to the bdp of otrtsiders. 
I Itm qwsttoa arises, "How MiiiiofW is the average man 
ll» Wdgence in nee?" One at all familiar with kxal 
or who f re q a enU dtsorderljr lakxxu or restaurants cater- 
lifOrtiiif ckmcnt," must hare o£lea been impressed by the 
 MMC people visit the same places night after night, week 
: ml, and sach an one also knows that there are apparentlj 
4 nan wImmc whole occnpatkxi seems to be the haunting 
If «r Imnoral places and the so-called "pursuit of 
mA Mher* who devote aD tbdr qiare time and means 

HHdoM arc made with tiie idea of showing the conserva- 
■bomMsbch of tne appuung sum given for tiie pronts 
Mttiai— • nm wUdi to om tmtamiliar with Oe aabfcct 

Chapter H 

The Social Evil and 
the Saloon. 




In the Commission's consideration and investigatioo of the Socal 
Evil, it found as the most oonspicuoas and inqMitant element in con- 
nection with the same, next to the house of prostitutaoo itsdl, was 
the saloon, and the most important financial interest^ next to the 
business of prostitution was the liquor interest As a oootribatoiy 
influence to immorality and the business of prostitution there b no in* 
terest so dangerous and so powerful in the Gtj of Chicago. The 
Brewery Companies, the Liquor Dealers' Pro t ec ti ve Association of 
Illinois, and the Wholesale Liquor Dealers' Association have all 
on record as in favor of the elimination of the sale of Uqaor in 
nection with prostitution. 

In spite of this fact hundreds of prostitutes (9S8 co unt e d bj the 
Commission investigators) are permitted and encouraged in no kis 
than 236 saloons, w^ch were investigated by the CommiMioii. Maif 
of these disorderly saloons are under the control of h t tmtif con- 
panics as will be seen later in the rqxxt. These mIoqds aii 
frequented by immoral women who openly solicit for drinks and for 
immoral purposes and receive the protection of the saloon kecpcn 
and interests. 

The Commission is strongly convinced that there should be 
diate and complete separation of the saloon and the Social Evi 
that no house of assignation or prostitution or rooms above or a4* 
jacent should be allowed in connection with a saloon. 

Bawdy houses found by the Commission were appallinf enoi^gb, bit 
the abuse of liquor selling privfleges is equal in vidoosncss Ihio ii^ 
its open and alluring flaunting of vice and degeneracy, and in its do* 
struction of the moral character of men who frequent tfic saloon p> 
marily for drink only. 

The folknring definite infonnatkm and specific cases brkf «< 
very forcibly the conditions as they exist Names and addresses 
been suppressed, signs such as XI — ^Xll—etc, being inserted.* 

*For text of laws snd ordhisncri regarding sslooot toe Appcndfess XMOI" 


■4 |. ; lion ucrtrri givcrn an a»9i|^i . uy uic sajuun Kccpci 

ti cases they were beaten, inc value of a saloon Ik 

' 1 cage, owing to the restrictions placed on their issi 

$1,000 ordinance, is now approximately $2»000. T 

are making vitty effort to secure enough licenses \ 

full contrd of tiie saloons. 

It is also worthy of note that a saloon keeper of a dis 
sort in South Chicago declared that certam !yrewers are 1 
up the licenses of similar resorts in that vidnityy offerin 
the $1,000 licenses. In one instance it was r eport e d tl 
brewery paid $1,700 for such a license. Only reoendj \ 
tive from a well known brewery has purchased four i 
owners of saloons in the South Chicago vice district Tl 
for one of these licenses was $1^00. The reason these 1 
sold, it is said, was because of the agitation against 
beer in houses of prostitution. When things were mnnj 
in the houses these licenses could not be purchased for I 

The Brewers' Exchange, which is composed of 90 per 
brewing companies in Chicago, has repeatedly affirmed t 
solutely opposed to the sale of liquor in connectkm with pr 

An investigation with reference to 236 disorderly ta 
that representatives of fourteen brewing companies are e 
bonds for sixty-three of these saloons. 

In addition there are a number of individuals on the i 
for other disorderly sakxMis who are also co n nected % 


Itl. The WMfMlt Liquor Dtaler/ Asioeiaticn. This ii an 
oter taportifll orxanizatkm in the liquor trade. It also claim* that 
H ma orpidation it if interested in the elimination of disorderly i 
trioou. I 

hitntioa hta be«n called to these organizations beuuse they migbll 
lant very Mrong factors in any concerted effort to divorce the stl« 
M ifux front pnwiiiiition, etpecially in relation to saloons, and could 
4b BBcfa to really change the situation for the better. 

IV: Ditorderiy Soloont. During the period of this investigation 
Ihi Cowmttiioo has considered conditions in 44& saloons in different 

Tk investigator* have counted PS9 unescorted women in these ' 
Mtan >be by their actions and conversation were believed to be pro»> I 
Ants. In fact they were solicited by one or more different women id | 
Wjtttbnttt ttloooi to go to 33 hotels over saloons, to 88 rooaii eoir 
^ Ultm, to W regular bouses of prostitution oftr saloons, to 37 hotels 
M«Mr saloons and to 61 flats not over saloons.' 

Of the iU saloons investigated, 4T were on the police list as f ur- 
■iM by (be General Superintendent of Police on October 26, 1910, 
■1 Ml were not 

01 dw ST hotels to whicli investigators were solicited to go bjr 
PMiiBto ia saloons, and which were not over saloons one is on the 
f<fet bt, 3t are ii0l and 3 are doubtful. 

Of the tl flats to which investigators were solicited to go by pro^ 
ItBa ta saloons, and which were not over saloons, three are on the 
t^ list, 3S are not and S6 are doubtful.* 

Il is a (act that many saloons, especially those on the North Side. 
R btgnuog to put in partitions in the rear rooms. In some in- 
MMn the catrancc to these small rooms are hung with curtains 
L Htku k b diAcull to see over or into the booths. 

I F. 5Wm« A^vfrtising. Saloon keepers often issue cards for dlt* 
Maioo. These cards call attention to tiK "joys to be found withhi" 
>k nlooa. the effect of the liquor drank and the possibtllties of 

TaUa IV. 
Trtk IV. 
Talk IV. 

«btiv^w«v ^^^\^m v«7* <k •■ w n a*^ ^»«B« w •%•• 


with them for a while and then sought out other men. 

One case was that of a young woman about tl years ' 
wife or woman of a waiter named (X270), This woou 
the rear room of the saloon with a diild about three or 
of age. During the evening she asked men to buy drinks i 
hter went away with a man, leaving the child to be taken 
another woman. 

A brother of this woman» (X871) by name* was also m 
was trying to induce men to sit at the same taUe with hb 
of the waiters in fact were asking men if they were nc 
and would not like to have a lady companion. 

One waiter came to the investigator three diflFerent tin 
vited him to sit with a certain woman. Said she was al 
would give him a good time. The waiter lives with th 

VI. Lookouts, These lookouts or *14ghthouses*' are tw 

men. They stand in front of the saloon and when an off 

form or a plain clothes man approaches in the distance th 

electric button concealed in the woodwork or behind a 

T3rpical pUces where these lookouts were seen operating 

(X272) Harbor avenue. 
(X273) Dearborn street 
(X274) Dearborn street 
rX276) Aven 

Ut nn flooAL EVIL m chicaoo | 

(XM) Wdb UrccL On police list. Bartender said they would 
H hn Miythinc but yoane girli in (hit place. Thit is the saloon 
htT Ml«l if Rmic. tbe "Kid," who »id ihe wu not yet 18 yean 

(Xni) Sovth Haliied itreet. Not on police list Waiter said that 

l> U been married four timcu. Beiidc this he had had a dozen 

nncB «bo had solicited for him. 
(Xttt) North Oark street. On police list as (X283) North Clark 

■«. Thb ^acc has be«n inveuigaled at three different times. Girls 

nU to rear rooms and lake men upsUirs to (XK84) Hotel. It is 
MMtinei called the (XSSIa) Club. A man who wants a position as 
nto bcrc expects to have a girl come from New York to solicit in 
it pbcc, to Inat it will be easier for him tn obtain the position. 

(XM) East Sixty-third street. Not on police list. Colored man 
CfuliJ with the saloon offered to "fix it" so that Rosey could have 
I Ron npttain. 

IXtST) West North avenue. Not on police list. Proprietor said 
At weoKD ofMUirs had been driven out, but he had a nice little girl 
^ At itBt of Violet in the back room waiting for « fellow nained 
twk. If faivctttptor desired he would introduce him and "fix it 

IXmt) Soolh Park avenue. Not on police list. Julia said Harry, 
At barttndcr, could "fix them up" with a room. 

(XM) West Madison street. Not on police list. Waiter told 
yntSfitot thai if be oune around some other night he could give 
\m 1 "real young chicken." 

(XIM) Sirwni. On police list. Bartender has girl who works 
hr Urn apttairs in bouse of prostitution. Said he was thinking of 
kUi{ acme girls to Panama. Said a friend of his made a "lot of 
■ti^ onr tbcTV, and that he would probably go very soon. 

(Xtfl) Strand. Not on police list. Bartender solicits men to 
|t Bpttairs to bouse of prostitution. This saloon is run by a man 
•b ia a cadet for the landlady. 

(XM) Harbor avenue. On police list. Proprietor also operates 
hnc of proMitution upstairs. His woman solicits and is landlady 
afbrMhd imtairs. 

(XJ99) SO'and. On police list. Proprietor is cadet for land- 
fa^ «ba BOtiducts bouse of prostitution upstairs. Bartender solicits 
 to go npatairt. Rear room has side entrance. Women solicit 

(XM) Strand. On pdice list. Landlady of house of prottiti^ 
hipMaln it Ihe woman of one of the proprietors. Bartender said 
^fnatttti to have seven more women in a few days. 
(jDN) Harbor avenue. Not on police list. Bartender solicits men 
, ^jBtotfw house of prostitution upstairs. 

fXBH) South Halsted street. Not on police list. Bartendtf 
Meed brrcstigator to go to rear room to meet a girl, saying thai 

} go t 

to sec him. She solicited btrestigator to go upstairs. 

bartender was her sweetheart and when be wtnted a dc 
it to him. She was 20 years old. 

(X300) South Halstcd street. Not on police list. Ini 
a cxdct named Frank, who Mud his "wonun," Fifie, li 

(X301) South Halsted itreeL Not on polict list 
men talking about a cadet named Jack (X30S) who 
a girl from (X303), Indianai and had promised to mart] 
she received money from home he took it away and k 
father is a wealthy farmer. She is 19 yean of afc i 
her Carmen. 
, (X304) South State street Not on police list (X 

 I / didn't work, as Maggie, his girl, keeps htm. She is in a fl 
street and (X30?) avenue. Maggie had been tapportini 

(X30S) SUte street Not on police list (X300) toll 
that be had a sister at fXSlO) avenue who was "apo 
that he had a girl at (XSll) avenue who "comei aa 
coin." This man claims to work for a railroad company, 
salary on himself and lives "off what she makea."' 

yilf. EntertamnuHt. In the majority of lalooni I 
menis consist of piano pUying and singing. In MOM 
vaudeville performance is given, as at (XSll), (XSU] 
sted street, (XS14), (X315) West Madison street, (Xl 
South Halsted street, and the (Xai8). (X319) Wett M 
The singen usually receive $10.00 per week and a pcr cent i 
These performers min^ with the men at die tables ai 

M nu SOCIAL Bra. tn cmcAOo 

IX. RMiitg M Saloont, (X331) avenue. Not on police litt, 
CmtOti bjr colored men. Bebe. a white wonun who solicits here, 
WU Btotiptor bow ihe had robbed a fellow of a pocket book con- 
bUti t40.00. 

Ai pointed ont abore ander "Entertainment," men who imperson- 
Mt feiula are among the vaudeville entertainers, in these saloons, 
Ihlm thew men are (mown, it in difficult to detect their sex. They 
■rial men u Ihe tables for drinks the Mune at the women, and uk 
Am ic |o apitain for pervert practices. 

X. Dmtt HaOa. In many cases public dance halls arc located In 
At mnt baildingi with aloons. White bar permits arc usually given 
far ih nie of liquor in the dar>ce halls, the dancers have been seen 
In^aem the rear room* of aalooni. In other cases the danc* 
Ub an in the immedtBte vicinity of saloons and the dancers go to 

'ttfui jj. Investigator saw girl* come out of a dance hall 00 
Ik DwDivcit comer of (X322) and (X3S3) streets and go into a 
■lODn 00 ground Boor with escorts. 

Atfut ji. Investigator saw four girls come out of (X3S4) danct 
U onr saloon at (X325) West Madison street and go into rear 
nn with etcorti. Girls appeared to be quite young. 

Xl. CkUrn in Saloon. {X32«) Wentu-arth avenuf. Not on 
|>bt Ikt A bowling alley is connected with this saloon at rear of 
^ PrcfNietor told investigator that he had four "kids" employed 
hw Dp the pins in the alley. The boys, he said, were 10 and It 
jwi old. They received two and one-half cents per game. 

(XUT) South Halsted street. Not on police list. Investigator savr 

ijH shcnt IS yean of age behind the bar. Thought she was the 
M^Mr of proprietor. 
WM) Noble street. While investigator was attending a dance in 
 H over thti laloon on October IGth, he saw a girl not over 16 
iMi iMo tliii saloon with a pitcher and buy five cents worth ol 
W at tbe bv.i 

Xll. Uid»iflit CloMtg. (X329) North Clark strttt. On police 
h. September 11th, investigator in this saloon until 1:90 A. H. 
Tbd girli in hcrt, one solicited him to go upsuirs. 

fXHB) Woi Uadison street. Not on police list. September Sth, 
k«t%Mpr wcM imo thii saloon at 1:30 A. M. with BUikIm 

fcOapIg V, -OM PiMNlieH aad EtmaOoa.' pan m. 

" ' [Ft J August 27th. (X336) West Madison street, in this u 

\ A. M. 2 girls — hotel over saloon. 

August 23rd. (X337) West Madison street, in this sa 
A. M. 14 girls, rooms upstairs. 

August 13th. (X338) South Sute street Proprictoi 
persons in this saloon after IKK) A. M. if known. 5 | 
room. (X338a) Hotel is over this saloon. 

Xni. Police and Saloons where Immoral 
subject is treated in full with typical instances in Chapti 
Social Evil and The Police/' page 143. 

XIV, How Women Enter Lives of Prostitution throngi 
Many of the women who frequent the saloons at the b 
not professional prostitutes. They are weak morally w 
desire for drink. They learn that generous men are the 
lingly buy them drinks. Gradually these women find tl 
able to earn commissions from the saloon management 
Thus their visits become more frequent until they gradna] 
a life of professional prostitutkm for the extra money. 

A second class of women is the widow or divorecd ^ 
children. Many of these women are left without stipp 
incapable of earning a living in the indnstrial worM, 
resort to the saloon as an avenue to money making. As an 
A woman now known as "the (XSSSa)** solicits in the ( 
at (X340) South Halsted street She told the investiga 



SIk r citm < Um lemplsiion, however, until one night she wu U- 
bMitd bj * "ddct," Eiid it iT>* through his influence that she began 
 life of pnMtHulion. fivtng him part of the proceeds. She is uoi 
rfth the "cadet" at present, and consequently has saved some 
This woman is about 40 years old and has been in tlie 
I far Kwral years. She tettified to the fact thai she liad seen 
r jonag and decent women "go to the bad" just through the 
I of frcqacnting taloom for the Mke of persuading men to buy 
^Al first thcM women come with a woman fricTid for a 
time- Soon they become acquainted with the waiters who 
•f^cn fi«« then drinks and are kind in other ways. These waiter* 
mni|iliumn ihem upon ibeir physical chamt«. Then a waiter will 
iMaudiKt ooe of hb friends who buy* them drinks. These men 
*B* thai the women are "green." and at fir«t talk (o them in a modest 
v*7, Htd make them (eel that they are friends. When the women 
!■■•«., they agree lo come again in a few days. 

A* tiae goa ab Ibe ittppoied "Irienda" gradnally lead up to a 
H^mw'w of « more n(gcstive nature. The women, probably looae 
!■ mtnh, do not icaeot this famfliarity and take it in good part. 
A* Odr drde of Mqaaintance unong the men grows, they b^n lo 
m4jii a camnriaafag oa drinks. They find they are earning from 
VL4I to 91.00 in an erenlng besides having a sociable time. This 
^(■i tkeir eyes to the poasibility of making money so easily. The 
■it Ukt adnatage of this, tod tbey all conspb^ in encouraging the 
vtaai to CB ti wie. It b ooly ft matter of a short time until the 
*Mei an |ofn( npatairi or to narby botds as professional prat- 

The Bdhod BMil by the waiter, the proprietor and the cndet b 
k qvoliqg to tke wooan'i vanity. Tbey make them fed that tbey 
Mt hoaond br baviaff (be privilege of giving them drinks. They 
■i Afa fom of flattery and thus gradually attach the woman to their 
fwtieahr ankn^ ■■T>"f they are gtad to have them there, and that 
tmf tarn mtkm man noocj fai their place than m any other. 
"^ TUl b ttM WIT wfakb inch women ai MarcclU (XHl), the 
(X»tU), VMel (XHlb), and Tantine (X84S), became professional 

TW tkM dMi iMfadea the professional proatitnta who ttartad tB 
It* 4mu h^ wkm ibe Imi acqaired a Udi« for drWc or othm 


V .1 Duy nniiKs; men me men are souciica xo go U])saur9 or oa 

III (X343) West Madison street. Not on polite list Giii 

^^' end of bar near door leading to rear room, asxing men to 
drinks. Bartender "called" one girl because she spoke i 
voice to one man while a "fly cop" was in the place. 

(X344) Wells street On police list Girls stood in dooi 
ing to bar and invited men into the rear room. 

(X346) North Clark street Not on police list Soiie i 
of iMr near door to rear room smoking a cigarette. Inviled ii 
to enter room. 

XVI. ProUetion of Women. It is the common practio 
prietors to protect the girls who frequent their placet. By 
is meant the habit of paying the fine or bailing out the girl 
arrested Bebe at Na (X34lte) Wabash avenue said thai 
the proprietor, offers this protection, and in return does no 
girls commissions on drinks sold by them in the concert 
tached to the saloon. 

XVIL Vulgariiy in Saloons. On November 6th, (X34! 

(^Investigator saw two dancers in the rear room of this sak 

of these women had on a loose bkwse and when die di 

blouse was lifted up, exposing her naked body. Two detect 

in during this performance. ^ One of them is called (XS4T 

At (X848) West Van Buren street, a giil exposed herac 
in the room. Proprietor conducts a house of ill- uune at (XS4 

At (Xd50) V Lake ! eet. The i i i i women vm 


(Xltt) Sooth Sute itrctt. Not on police list. Entertainers tell 
MVMi imat^ Meet and ting luggeitiTe and Indecent songs. 

(OH) Smh Habted Ureei. Not on police liit. Women vulgar 
■iCrt^ Oat woman with breasts hanging outside of dress sat in 
1H yamf irUl a imn at a table. Detectives in room at this time. 

Xyilt. Hvm SalMn Kttftrt Uakt Abnormal Profilt by Allowing 
fnftimmi Prastitma lo Frequent Rt«r Rooms or Upnairt. As 
fitel «Bt above certain aahwa proprietors make t business of en- 
«nn|i^{ profeuional prostitutes to nuke their headquarters in the 
NVmnia. Some have  definite understanding with these women 
■J tk]> are prtMectcd in different ways, as well as given commission 
H th itvAa they perwaile men to bujr. In some instances the 
Imi a( ifcc vomcn are paid by the proprietors, or bail in furnished 
V ten la odter words the saloon keq>ers stand in much the same 
rtBia to Ibe prostitute in bis saloon as nudames do towards in- 
■*" oi r^otar housn of prostitution. 

'vneci have been found where prottitutei actually live in rooms 

*^ Ok saloon, and spend the afternoon as well as evenings in the 

"" rvm. in much the same way as inmates appear in the parlors of 

'*P'ir boBica of prostitution. 

'" iS intent* and purposes, then, many saloons are actually housed 

V '^ imaUtntiaa with inmates. 

Aasbcr daas of taloon is that which allows prostitutes who so- 
'''* «■ the street, or for nearby hotels and flats, to make the rear 
'°ni thdr rendcxvoat (or the purpose of bringing men or to solicit 

Ths syKciB has enabled many saloon keepers to become wealthy 
h I iliort thne. They receive abnormal profits from the sale of 
SfKT ia tbc r«ar rooms aad upstairs. They alto receive eoormoiu 
iMi bjr tte ■ontk for aaalfnatkNi roomi tipstair*. Thcw rooau are 
•Am rMtod mvovI tiom dvriag the afternoon or evening. The 
Movfag oUmiUow briiif these pouiti out more dearlj. 

& fnfiU m B*tr wkn SoU m Rttr Roomt of Sahotu. When 
a HM men dM rttr roomi of • taloon of the type mentioned abore, 
tlw |i» alM« » —J w TOf to persuade him to buy drinki, on which 
iba notvM  eoMoiMies. The omal price for a pint bottle of beer 
vkH fmtkamd bgr  mam oado- tbcae drcnmMuKcs ia H cnli. 
__ TMi ftat 4o« aot coat tkt Mtooa Inqm- more than (oar ccata. 


On the night of October 14, a contractor spent seven 
doltars buying wine in the rear room of a saloon at (X3 
Halsted street. 

Looking at the matter with these facts in mind one nu 
why it is so difHcult to enforce the police regulations profa 
presence of prostitutes in the rear rooms of saloons. 

The investigation of the (X356) Cafe at (X357) Soul 
street, shows that on September 27th, 23 prostitutes wi 
rear room of this saloon asking men to buy drinks and solk 
for immoral purposes. The price of a pint of beer in Uiis 
is 25 cents. In some cases it was sold for 15 cents. The 
ment in the rear room consists of cheap vaudeviUe. 

Mr. (X358) told the investigator that he wouM have tt 
business in a month if he did not have the women in the i 
This place is not on the police list. 

Harry (X358a), who has been a waiter in saloons aw 
of such places for the past 15 years, said that the majorit 
saloons which cater to prostitutes, could not exist over six w 
out them. He further stated that (X359), at (X3e0) Soul 
street, for whom he is now working, had absolutely notimif 
opened his place. He is reported to have made a laife 
this business in a short time. 

On August lit 1910, investigator counted eight prostitn 
rear room of (X361) saloon. On August 29th, seven proi 
September 27th, 10 prostitutes, all adring men to bay d 
solkiting them for unmoral purposes. The entertainmci 
place consists of cheap vaudeville. This saloon is not on 

im aoouL BTiL m ancAOo 

^prtun ki the same buildiiif for assignatiofi parposes. 

Thcte roooM as a rale are fittled up at rtrj little cost, with a rade 
W, two chairs* a wash stand, with cheap pitcher and wash howl and 
tap iMrds, laun d er ed many, many times. 

Thi / a fl sn rfi ii cases skowma methods of solieiiing and selHnf drinks 
Vf t^kd: On August 15tn, imrestigator counted 16 prostitutes in 
fc fcsr room of a saloon at (X369) North Clark street (Not on 
pafa Eit) He was solicited to co to room in hotel over saloon, 
pm ef room, 60 cents and $1.00 tor a short time. Beer is sold in 
VMr room for S6 cents per pint 

Ssboa at (XM3) North Clark street On polfce list August lOtli, 
iMiMfilui co imt e d nine prostitutes in rear room. Solicited by 
GoUk. Sfpt ember t3rd, 11 prostitutes, solkited by 'Tommy At- 
1^' price of room upstairs, $1.00. 

h b Moi then, that the sale of liquor in connectkm with prostitu* 
tioi h laloons and hotels, as in the case with regular houses, is an 
Mnm souree of pfo6t and one of the most practical wajrs to deal 
6 Hot at the Sodid EtO, is to absolutely dhrorce the sale of liquor 
'nn prostitution in all of these places. 

The reason why this is so difficult to do is easily seen. The proper 
tt^orcement of the law is hindered because of the enormous profits in 
lb bostneu to the lawbreaker.' 


XlX. Cases of Girls in Saloons and their Condition at Present 

f, Of Previous to Taking up this Life, 

(XlW) South Sute street. Not on police list. Violet, 20 years 
{*• Ruined by waiter at (X365), (X366) Cottage Grove avenue. 
J^ with him. While away attending her father s funeral he left 
•*• She then went into business "proper." 

(Xll7) South State street Not on polke list. Mignon lives at 

(^^) street and Wabash avenue. Married, but husband would not 

'^'port her and made her go to work. Found prostitution easier 

^T to make a living. Left nusbind and went into business "right" 

(Xlif ) South Halsted street Not on police list Rosie (X369a) 

M she ran away from home to go on stage six years ago and drifted 

htothe life. 

(XJ70) avenue. Not on police list G>nducted by colored men. 
MHiite women soKdt hi room upsUirs. Bebe (X371) and Tantine 

Tor fwtWr data on "Profits froai Prottltndon in Ckicaco,'* wet Qupter I, 


(X372) live in a i>rivate house in Englewood. Gave 'phone nimiber bat 
not address. Tantine said she was trying to secure a divorce from her 
husband, and when she did she was going to open a flat 

(X373) Wells street. On police list Little Rosie, ''the Kid,"* said 
she was not yet 18 years old, and that all the girls in the aalooos veit 
"chickens." They appeared to be quite as young to investigator. Fosr* 
teen girls in this saloon. 

(X374) Western avenue. Violet (X375) said she did not go anNwl 
much. Lives at home but wants spending money. She knew of ao 
place to go except brick yard two blocks away. Sftid she was 18 yean 
old. Seven other girls in this saloon. 

(X376) Rush street. Not on polke list Betty and Bcbe wcic M 
side door. Said they were out for a good time. Live in tnrwkhtA 
room. Would go any place for $1.00. 

(X377) North State street. Not on police list Met MarecDa at 
side door. Has a private room at (X378) North State street Uar^ 
ried in (X379)» deserted in (X380) and had to go oat and 
Been immoral one year. 

(X381) North Clark street. Not on polkre list Investigator 
girl come out of this place and meet girl friend across the street Thcj 
both came back and went into saloon. Investigator followed. Girii 
drank sherry wine. Said they had run away from liome so ^ 
would not have to go to school. They met a fellow who got tfacfli 
a job in (X382) department store, where th^ each make $U0 per 
week. They can't live on this so they "hustle*' on the side. Thcj 
think this is better than going to scliool, and not having any spac- 
ing money, besides they were their own boss. Mignon said she «a> 
18, Violet said she was 19. They have a private room in a fomisbed 
room house in middle of block on (X383) street east of Qark, bat 
would not give the number. 

(X384) Harbor avenue. On police list. Girl a hard drinker. 
While investigator was in saloon she had two fainting speUs, one kit- 
ing 20 minutes, the other 10 minutes. This was the ninth spdl she Isd 
had that evening. 

This girl was formerly a domestic servant, but says she "donlt wart 
to work at that hard graft any more." To quote her own wvtk 
"The ladies when they got money to hire servants imagine dwy ki** 
some kind of a dog to kick around, and I don't want to be ' 

(X385) Harbor avenue. On police list Girl saM her 
put her in the business soon after she came to this eountry. 

(X836) South Halsted street. Not on poiKe list Violet flOB) 
about 35 years of age. Working in mailing department of (XM)- 
"Hustles" in cafes on Halsted street at night. Has a oi^ket 

Violet came from Louisville, Kentucl^. She is tryii^ to v*t 
enough money to open a rooming house m this dty. 

(X839) North Oark street Not on police list. nie (XSN) »> 
lictted in here. Lives on La Salle avenue. D ot take 


to her room, but would go to hoCd (391), (X89S} North Clark 
itrceC or aoy odier hotel Came to Chicago from Nebraska. 

(XS99) Sooth Haifted street Not on pdke list Josey, 19 years old. 
S^ she was afrakl she was in trouUe. Does not care what becomes 
of her. Fint went oot witii a man for a good time. Afterwards 
■Kt odier fellows. Don't know who is to Name for her conditkni. 
Ewpfcts to kmwt town as soon as she can earn enoa|[h money. Going 
to SagiBaWt Mkhigant and enter a house of prostitution she knows 
of there. 

(XBH) Root street Not on pdke list Violet solicited fairesti- 
to go npatairs. Price $1.00 or 19.00. Room» 50 cents. Has a 
to keep and needs the money. Could not make anything 
so she and her girl friendt Georgie, started to 'liustle.'' Violet 
is S9 yews okL 

(XJM) West Madison street Not on pdke list May solicited in- 
fCil^ptar. Sahl she was 16 jrears old. Left home because she had 

In work in a department store for 94*00 per week and "hustling*' was 


(Xma) Sooth State street Not on police list Tantine, solkdted 
I fe sti g al or, is 19 jrears of ase and just started to 'Hiustle.'* Says it 
8 easier than waitmg on table for 91.00 per day. 

(X396) Wentworth arenue. Not on police list Lizzie was stand- 
ing in doorway. Invited investigator into saloon. Five men were 
fimbltng in rear room. Lizzie said she could get a room upstairs, 
prke of room, 60 cents and 91.00.' 


A. (X397) Wabash avenue. Not on police list. This saloon is 

opented by Jim (X398) and John (X399). The partnership was 

fonned only recently. The cafe is known as the (X400). This place 

■* open all the time, the entertainment lasting until 5 :00 A. M. Ad- 

■itUoce after 1:00 A. M. is made through the side door, leading 

^ I main passageway from the street, to the left of the building. 

i>le (X401), a waiter in this place and brother of (X402), one of the 

proprietors, lives on (X403) avenue near (X404) street with a girl 

.^ko is bnt W Rube (X406), alias Si (X406), one of the entertainers 

^ die cafe. Rube is a married man and his wife lives at (X407 and 


1. Emiirfmmwuni, The entertainment is by means of an electric 
niiflo and three men singers, who sing popular ragtime songs with 
— ' ' " ^ parodieSt wearing various costumes. These entertainers re- 

Tor odHf casts of wesMB hi talooni, tec 'Spcdal Tjr^ical Catet.' 


cehre 19.00 per day cadi» besides the nonejr they are able to 
trotn uie cHuonicrs. 

9. fVmiers and ProHUmigs. There are two waiters wiio as 
arerage of $75.00 per weeic on tqis and such mooejr as th 
make on oveichai]geSy which ci is lo n i is very exteBsnreljr po 
by them. After l.-OO A. M., the bar at the froK of the p 
closed, but a closet oootaining all the intoxicating be f erafe* sec 
is opoiedt and beer in bodes and all liquors are wM bm 
closet There are but few solicitors who actually stay in this 
continaonslTf most of them traveling from one cafe to anodi 
nally to (X409) and (X410) and back agam. There are thra 
who really belong there, one Marjie (X411), a nrl of aboot M 
old, who has only been in the resto^cted district for about two  
Previous to thb, she was in the habit of frequenting the (X4 
dance hall at (X413) and (X414) streets, whkh place she bfaH 
her downfall. Fifie rX416), a \ rl living on (X416) street wi 
parents, solicits very irregularly, ner principal reason for frefi 
this place is because she likes the associations. 

GUdys (X417), formerly a habitue of (X418) resort, frequca 
place and solicits. 

The rest of the girls soliciting in this saloon are all hahUi 
other resorts, who are here at various intervals, and go back and 
The girls are not paid bv the keeper, nor do they receive aav 
mission on the drinks sold. One of the partners, Jim (X898), 
up to the time he bought this place, a waiter in (X4i0), odi 
known as the (X421) on (X429) sbret, comer of an alley, he 
(X423) and Wabash. He is a habitual user of cocaine and c 
His brother, one of the waiters there, has been char|ped with i 
tion in the case of Bessie (X424), who formerly lived at (] 
Lake avenue. The chane was dropped, due to the fact tb 

S'rl left for New York City, where she is at present On or 
ctober 1, 1909, he married this girl at (X496), Indhuia, fai 
of the fact that he was previously married and had two cUMrak 
parents of Bessie (X494) then had him arrested for bigamy, n 
was sentenced to serve two months in jail at (X498)» whidi h 
The marriage was then annulled Jim (X898) secured the li 
for the opening of this sakxm from his brother, Hal (X4S1)9 1 
the owner of the (X439) and the (X433) cafes on (X4M) i 
There is no hotel directly connected with this cafe. Tba  
hotel is about one-half bk>ck away, but the solidtort niusBy ci 
the (X485) hotel, where they recehre a commisskm of akMl I 

The rX436) Cafe, (X437) West Madison street Located I 
heart of the West Side levee, it has a greater patronafa IImi 
cafe on the West Skle. House upstairs, two •''waen. Cm poBe 
This cafe is owned by two partners. One oi t partaera» (3 
b the active head of the business, and was a ti ralar adkxMi h 
He is at present living witii a woman called (X^ )» who ia a as 


to her RMMBp but would go to hold (Sfl), (XSfS) North Cbrk 
itrect, or waj dOier holcL Came to Chkifo fron Nebraska. 

(XM) Soolh Halttcd street Not oo poikc list Joeej, 19 jrears okL 
SM iIk was afraid she was hi trouble. Does not care what becomes 
M kcr. Rrst went out with a man far a cood thne. Afterwards 
Kt other feflows. Donr know who is to bane far her condition. 

teupKts to have town as soon as she can earn enoiigli money. Goiog 
o^gHBw* aticmgant and enter a nonse ot prosuunon sne knows 

(Xm) Kool street Not on police list Vkkt solicited hnrcsti- 
CMsr ts go npetaks. Price tl.00 or IS.OO. Room, 60 cents. Has a 
Bflttcr to keep and needs the money. Coold not make an]rthn^ 
vorfckw so she and her girl friend, Georgie, started to "hnstk." VioleC 
imycaft ohL 

(Xm) West Madison street Not on pdke list May solicited in- 
va%ior. Said she was 16 jrears ohL Left home bennse she hail 
to vork in a deportment store for 94-00 per week and ' Tintflin g " was 

(XMa) Sonth State street Not on police list Tantme, sotidted 
|w ujga t ui , is 19 jrears of asje and jnst started to "hnstk." Says it 
s mier than waitm^ on table for 91.00 per day. 

(XI96) Wentworth avemie. Not on police list Lizzie was stand- 
ee n doorway. Inrited tnTCStifator into saloon. Five men were 
poiblinf in rear room. Lizzie said she coold get a room opstairs, 
prict of room, 60 cents and 91.00.^ 


A. (X397) Wabash avenue. Not on police list. This saloon i:> 
<»pcnted by Jim (X398) and John (X399). The partnership was 
fitted only recently. The cafe is known as the (X400). This place 
** opa aD the time, the entertainment lasting until 5 :00 A. M. Ad- 
"^^tee after 1:00 A. M. is made through the side door, leading 
^ I main passageway from the street, to the left of the building, 
w (X401), a waiter in this place and brother of (X402), one of the 
Proprietors, lires oo (X403) avenue near (X404) street with a girl 
.^ko if kept by Rube (X406), alias Si (X406), one of the entertainers 
^ tbe cafe. Kobe is a married man and hb wife lives at (X407 and 


L EmUrtmmmefU, The entertainment is by means of an electric 
MMO and tlvee men singers, who sing popular ragtime songs with 
' ' parodies^ wearing various costumes. These entertainers re- 

^Tm other casts of aoana fai tslooot, mc 'Spcdal Typical Cstet.' 


ceive $2.00 per day eadi» betides the money they are able to oolkct 
from the customers. 

2. IVaUers and ProsHiutes, There are two waiters who make ao 
average of $75.00 per week on tips and such monejr as they can 
make on overcharges, which custom is very extensively practiced 
by them. After IKK) A. M., the bar at the front of the place b 
closed, but a closet containing all the intoxicating beverages neoessaiy 
is opened, and beer in bottles and all liquors are sold Iron tins 
closet There are but few solicitors who actually stay in this safeoa 
continuously, most of them traveling from one cafe to another, as- 
ually to (X409) and (X410) and back again. There are three girts 
who really belong there, one Marjie (X411), a nrl of aboat 10 yean 
old, who has only been in the restricted district for about two moothn 
Previous to this, she was in the habit of frequenting the (X419), a 
dance hall at (X413) and (X414) streets, which place she blames ibr 
her downfall. Fifie (X415), a giri living on (X416) street with hff 
parents, solicits very irreguUrly, her principal reason for fiiqinitfiniE 
this place is because she likes the associations. 

Gladys (X417), formerly a habitue of (X418) resort, frequents tUf 
place and solicits. 

The rest of the girls soliciting in this saloon are all habitncs of 
other resorts, who are here at various intervals, and go back and forth. 
The girls are not paid bv the keeper, nor do they receive anv coa- 
mission on the drinks sold. One of the partners, Jim (X596;, «aii 
up to the time he bought this place, a waiter in (X4i0), oth cfw iw 
known as the (X421) on (X422) street, comer of an all^, between 
(X423) and Wabash. He is a habitual user of cocaine and opioaL 
His brother, one of the waiters there, has been charged with whK> 
tion in the case of Bessie (X424), who formerly hved at (X4f9) 
Lake avenue. The charge was dropped, due to the fact that Ae 

8'r] left for New York City, where she is at present On or aboot 
ctober 1, 1909, he married this giri at (X426), Indiana, in spk 
of the fact that he was previously married and had two children. The 
parents of Bessie (X424) then had him arrested for biganiy, and k 
was sentenced to serve two months in jail at (X428), wMdi hcdii 
The marriage was then annulled. Jim (X398) secured the iaaMB 
for the opening of this saloon from his brother, Hal (X4S1), who ii 
the owner of the (X432) and the (X433) cafes on (X434) strett. 
There is no hotel directly connected with this cafe. The netfcH 
hotel is about one-half bkick away, but the solicttort usually titer Is 
the (X436) hotel, where they receive a commiukm of abost It per 

The (X436) Cafe, (X437) West Madison street Looted hi the 
heart of the West Side levee, it has a greater patroaaga than aif 
cafe on the West Side. House upstairs, two women. Gin pcfioe Bit 
This cafe is owned by two partners. One of the putnen* (Z4M)i 
b the active head of the business, and was a popular talooa keener. 
He is at present Uving with a woman called (X439), who b a ibnor 

( and one entrince for ine saloon, as there is a bar on one 
kk the other side is an entrance leading into a hallway, which 
ittk side door leading mto cafe. The stairs lead up into a 
»f p g ostkuti on, hot this house is not connected in any way 
t owaen of the cafe. 

f arc ioar waiters worlcing here* one (X449), is living with a 
te OB Wabash avenue. The woman he has now is (X450)» 
»e of the rcnhr solicitors m (X451) hall. The other waiter 
'X4it) ia livfaig with some prostitute at (X453) place at 
West Madison street Not on police list. The thh-d waiter 
[X45I) goes out when he is invited. The fourth is a fellow 
Ifying to become a cadet. 

iliHsiiuiinH consists of three men sineers and a piano 
man)* also one woman singer. The oldest one here is 
• he has worked at this place for about one year. He lives 
:4M) at Na (X457) Dearborn street 
pn rtonag e on Saturday, Sunday and Wednesday nights is 
horn (X4M) dance hall at the corner of (X459) and (X460), 
ar half block away. 

arc a large number of hotels around here, but the one doing 
t bihHistt the (X461), (X46S) and (X4e3) hotel, all at the 
I (X464) and (X466), or a few doors away, 
a annber of young girU come to this cafe from the dances 


j99 A. M. the entertainment promptly stops, the lights are 
bw and ootshle en t rance to bar locked and window shades 
awn. Moat of the people leave, but such as are known or are 
If tte owBcra i ve to the rear of the saloon. 

gain a^ ttance to this saloon after closing hours if 
The I lal is to knock on the little door in the hall- 



Until last summer he lived with a {mstitute at (X4aS) West Madiioa 
street. She went to Canada, but writes to hnn. When she one 
back he was arrested on a charge of importmg women for imaonl 
purposes. He was released on $5,000.00 hail furnished bf (X48S), 
for whom he was working at that time. The girl was not allowed IP 
return. (X484) was finally released and the matter dropped. 

He then became a cadet for a girl called (X485)» whose psrati 
live on (X486) avenue. She was a prostitute in (X4a7) house it 
(X488) West Madison street She left this bouse when (XM) 
left (X490) and (X491) empby and entered a house at (X49S) Wctf 
Madison street. She stajred there until some time in September. At 
present she is solkiting at (X493) saloon at (X494) Sooth Hil- 
sted street. 

(X495), another waiter in this cafe, b married and has one child. 
He has a prostitute in a house at (X496) street ; her name is Flfie. Tk 
price is 60 cents in this house but she gives him on an average of 
96.00 per day. 

In July, 1910, (X497) was taken to Washington on some charge, be 
said it was for buying stolen p roper ty . His friends took up a col- 
lection, and he finally came back. (X498) took care of his wife ud 
child while he was away. 

There is a chop suey restaurant next door to this cafe, with aa 
entrance to the saloon through the kitchen. There is also an cotnacc 
from the allev which leads into a small rear room with a doKt 
connected with it This is sakl to be the exdushre entrance for 
ofikers. Investigator has seen four officers in uniform in this rooa 
at one time, drinking bottled beer, which is in the closet 

Lights are out at 1 KK) A. M., the music stops, but no one is ash»I 
to leave if they are known or have not aroused any suspickM. Others 
enter after knocking on the door leading from the diop suey resla«aB( 
next door. 

(X499) Saloon, (X500) Dearborn street Not on police list 0^ 
tober 26th, investigator saw women from the rooms over the sdooa 
They called to men at the bar to buy them drinks. I n ve sti g a tor «ai 
invited to go upstairs. 

October 29th. Eight women unescorted in the rear rooot Th? 
opened the door leading to the bar and invited men to enter the ror 

Officer No. (X501) came into the sakxm fai uniform, hut paid » 
attention to women in rear room. He was given a bottle of beer vhkk 
he drank at the bar. He was there about thirty nmniles. After 
1 KH) A. M. the women went to wine room upstairs where Mda SR 
sold all night 

November 2. Women stood in doorway leadinf to rev fooa 
and invited men at bar to enter. Investigator saw a maa 
hi front of a sakxm who was seen to press an dectrie 
tached to a busaer, when an officer approached the plaee» 


DtMvfitriy Satomu near School HaiutJ. The attention of the 
ConwntHJAtt hu ben callrd lo several disorderly saloons which art 
in cfawpcwrimity to cenam public schools. One of the most notorioiu 
ia oa (XSOla) street. The Khool property adjoins (he lot on which the 
nloon baildifif b erected. The distance from the entrance to the 
aalooD to the entrance to the Khool U eighty-two steps. The disUnc* 
from the "ladies" entrance to the salooo to the edge of the school 
property b thirty-five steps. 

On Saturday. Norember tfith, an investigator counted eighteen 
I M irHllHlif la Ihc mr room of this saloon. Five of these women 
■ot i dttJ immUg uor for immoral purposes. The bartender named 
(XMtt) kn two women who "hustle" for him, one in the rear room 
of tbii lalooa, tad oae fan a bouse of prostitution. 

Every effort to leotre the revocation of the license has been in 
voio. Tbc tMrtettder aaid it did no good to nuke complainu againit 


SoRW of these disorderly saloons are under the control or favor 

t. The focti ibow diet i eertaia brewing ampany ii cadeavoring 
t» b^ Ac IkcoMa of ailoons in the rcttrkted district of South QA- 

a. The p i ee ktent of the Brewers' Exchange dcebre* this organi- 
■ti^ k append to the ale of Hqoar in co nn ec ti on with booaee of 

4. D rew cra fnroiih beer for latoons which are disorderly. 

1. SnhKH becpen have a regular system of advertising their 
jitaa, bj mat of cirdt and ipecial entertainments. 

 SoiH QMenBffy mlnnw wnpiny lookouta to stead in fraot 
aid ^f «C dw ^ipRMch of police. They nse electric boszers and 

T. T iofi kt oit, bnrtendert, waiters and entertainers in certain »- 
1mm arc wWig to aid la secoring women for hooacs of prostitn- 

M. ThcH di wtp ta M e sakxna are f reqaeoted by panders, cadets 
mt atttr dbaotata aad Tfchma nea. 

Wr iMttont Bad dilgBMaig eateftaiaaienta arc girca on a stage in 
bB nv reOBS of eertaia disonlerly saioone. 

ta IHnfiiiliiail CMOrts are Ured hf keepers of diaorderir ••- 


quently the managers of these dance balls are the proprietc 

14. Children are allowed to peddle gum and papers in cc 
orderly saloons. 

15. The sale of beer in the rear room when drank in 
with a prostitute returns a margin of profit of nearly ISO 
to the proprietor of the saloon. 

16. The sale of counterfeit drinks which are girca p 
who are drinking with men in the rear room retnnit a  
profit of over 350 per cent» when the drink it a champag t 
and a profit of over 300 per cent when the drink is a H 

17. The margin of profit on beer when sold to oc cup— 
signation rooms over the saloon is 300 per cent 

18. As a result of the practice of using p r o stitute s as i 
sell liquor, the profits are so large as to be a source of eoMti 
tation to the police and others in authority. 

19. The rule regarding midnight ck)sing is co ns t a nt ly iri 
these disorderly saloons. 

20. Certain police officers do not report all salooos whcrv 
and dissolute persons congregate. 

21. Officers on the beat and plain dodies men do aot 
the rule regarding soliciting in rear rooms, keeping open ml 


fc ■*!«■ iMl m ttty. Tlcy kai« ton Mn ia HiDaB I 
N. ftuM la uB of Jb u ii ki l j BlDOai hn« « m rfii i 

IMBar^Knca to loBdt aMn ID boj * 
Ami awa in gftcn tai^ni to tskt B| 
lab« 9 Ikr m aol ddi« B akialr. 
K FMokari | il li an ■• • 
aaa^uotta I I ili of adhf  


M Ccrtui uIooH vc ii foH^ hoHM» 

■VOntndc Tirj pay » ttrtaim wmm 

1^ to Ike p fcpr iw or of tbc mloem. 

**■ ¥■■( wort^ girl*, vho are aov : 

■t-frotaMMl |fogi 

aloeai Ike pcMikMs adHlr ■9«* pHii «f *er 

e ra^fW and ohi etJt J Mymr 

I «Cer y ro teUi BB !■ fra»- 


^"■Sl •■ Ito oCndn wto arc i|i|ii>iali 1 1, tto p«B. 

^ feiarta an lai^ aada, avnialr <a Ito Nottk Sfc H «<• 

>l fc.m«all«e»«to»l.>M»ia mail I ty « d» atrial, 
^ak li I yMWaa I* too«, llM atoat M r to*« ton y a l wa 

Chapter III 

The Social Evil and 
the Police. 

Chapter Hi 

The Social Evil and 
the Police 


Whenever «n attempt b made to study the Social EtQ 
the police become at once the object of intereat and inTCStifitkNi. 

Before a just criticism can be made, however, it is necessary 
investigate the causes that have brought about conditions which 
police are supposed to control. When this is noi done, well 
ing persons, after a superficial investigation of existing conditions, 
inclined to make the sweeping statement that the entire department 
corrupt, that all the officers on the beat are grafters, and that 
tection money is paid to Inspectors of Divisions and Captaini 

In order, therefore, to be fair in reporting upon the Pblioe and 
Social Evil, it becomes necessary, first, to point out the peculiar 
tions, with the underlying causes that exist in a city, and, 
to show what influences these conditions have had upon men who 
sworn to enforce the law. 

In the first place, then, the laws now on the statute books tor di^ 
protection of society against the Social Evil were enacted by kgisbiors» 
the majority of whom came from the country districts, and who cS" 
pected them to regulate aflFairs in large cities as wdl as in K/mtrf 

Unfortunately, experience has shown that this is quite iiiyoMM^ 
The laws prohibiting houses of ill-fame can be and are enforced ia ^ 
small community. But the situation b more difficult in a ckj 
size of Chicago. Here an individual may, if he chooses, live 
life he pleases, so far as hb personal habits are concer n ed, and 
one be the wiser. 

Often tiie country man, who stands as a pillar of strcn g lh ki 
rural community, does not live up to hb borne standard when 
comes to the city, and helps to encourage disregard for law, and 
increases the difficulties of the problem. If such a man, iitih 
a town where thb law b strictly enforced, does not heaitale to 
it when he conies to the dty, what can be ex p ected of 


■•4 ■!«■ NGUJ. Vm. W CMICAOO 

^M dty, it they knit upon the conditions with indiUcrcncr, and thcrebj 
pow «illmii to the riohtion of the law. 

TfaKi it hu come to pass Itut the Uw ag&inst homes o( prostilu- 
lini hu becooK inoperatite in cities, ind in its place has grown itp a 
oatiQai of tolerance and indifference, which has resulted in peculiar 
'^'''iitioa*, strange to the eyes of law-abiding men. 

I* ii Ur, tbea, to fasten the entire blame for such conditions 
^BM tkt poliee ai • whole, who in the last analysis are merely the 
^vvaHi at dw people, and as setvants do their will 7 

^ift |e I ttfp further, and see how these conditions grow even 
"^v tttnHr". and diflicuU to handle. 

TkbMlcnncc and indifference toward the taw by the ciliiens have 
^* K> far in Chicago, that (or yean the people have seen de- 
'•^>p imdcr their »cry ryes a system of restricted districts under 
f^f^ refutatiOQ, the rctult of which has been to nullify the law, and 
"■^aj it inoperative. In one district a police regulation takes the 
'■** o( the law. In another, the law becomes operative to a slight 
*B*m; while in still a thi/tl it is apparently enforced. 
, ^ it happeiw diat the people of Chicafo, by their tacit content, 
put Midc the operstioa of tiie law, and made it a thing to be 
1 tUa way or that, accordinf to expediency. 
^ i| ii sohmittcd that it is not fair to lay the blame entirely 
k the police, the ae manU of tlie people, who at terrantt, do their 

t of dib attitDde toward the law oa the part of the 
tf, the police department has been in a tenfe demoralised and 
• Is t x at d ie a diacretioa wMcb was never intended it tlioald 

. ^" ^ ^a of Ike linaidpal Comt jodgct wtw appeared before the Cora- 
*^^iaa in a caafcrencc (aid ttnt fa bit opfauoo "it it thit ditcrttioa 
*^^ Mkca fraft ii tbt police department poaiiUe. The law-abMiac 
^'^^«i «M not pay graft to anyone, for the pro t ec ti on of Ui bui- 
r^^ii He reBee vpoa Ac law'* pro te c ti on. It it only the man who 
^^^Pfad Is oa wilawftil bniincaa who will pay graft, for tiie pro- 
|^^4h o< tkal lalawfnl btnineu. We have in every large d^ ia 
^^^ * eoHAy the anomalona aitnnoa of the police encerai tfie gnarv 
^^^^^ H Be laWf allcnptBi|[ to rcfniate an tuilawinl bnaineiai a co^ 
^^^^1 WNfli  MrtaM to prednce more or km cor nation- 

It is stated that the police force of Chicago is made up of 
inspectx)rs and 4,288 officers, or one policeman for every 590 ii 

No fair-minded man wonld say that thb large body of ma 
been swept into this system of bribery and corruption and that 
deliberately foster the Social EtO. To so aflbm would be a 
not only against the Department, but against the OHj of Qiiaig 

But it is within reason to say that owing to the peculiar coad 
which the people have allowed to exist so long» tcmptatioas hat 
veloped which some have not been able to resist : 

These temptations have assailed officers high in coittrol aad ao ( 
some have fallen. Some men under th^ officers have sea 
rewards, and no doubt they too have fallen. It remaios to 
by presentation of facts as i in the typical cases just to 

extent these temptations e a led members of the polke J 
and how far the corrupt nces of the condilioM of i 

they are the victim have ex 


/. Thf Social Evil im Q ipo. The evO of p ro atHuU oa In^ 

acute expression in Chi* » in the : vays: la r 

1 houses in died ) m < s; i 

.•J *.?_• J '-A- - •— • .._•_ _ -"-A.^ f^- 


W Ml that in order to leum » far u cooJd be the evil infiueoccs ol 
. the be*t he cooM do wooM be to iuoe certain rales and 
I for the (BidBncc of the police and demand that tbejr be 

Tbeae Rule* and RcgvlaiKU were iwocd on April S9, 1910.' 
In tranntittiaf tbew roles and recnlstions. the Gcnenl Superia- 
tia J tn l of Police iuaed certain inttnictions to the impectOT^ In 
%tm inMiiictiaai he said: 

"In order that there tnajr be no mbimdcrttandmg, the inten- 
tioo of Ifaii order i* to abioltild)' dhrorce the liquor traffic from 
poMitolkn, profesMonaJ or i^^f^ 

Saloom that are adjacent to resorts shall have all connection 
aWohttdj and permancntlj barred ; nor will saloons be pennitteO 
to tell drtokj to be carried into resorts. 

A ffncral announccnKDt on thb nutter Mine weeks since 
haa fhrcn all inicrested ample time to dispoM of stock on hand. 
AB ihoald be (iven lo understand that those offendtng in th)t 
rcnH BWr expect that their place shall be inuncdialcly and per- 
■Motlr doacd. 

la onkr to msurc the practical abolition of (his Itqitor traffic 
at rrfCTTed to above, the patrolmen on the posts must watch 
al kaomi m^ected places, and report to their commanding of- 
Socr wbcrwer the dctirery of goods, or any suspicious incident 
r* Misesta, that the place should be tnresti^ted. A report i* ex- 
r pectcd from each Inspector as made to him by his subordinates 
fach month, stating put what has been Hone and the conditions 
existing in his division at the time of report. 

la a word it is to be abaolntely tiiiderstood that thia regala- 
lioa i* perauMot and complete, and nmat be ricomislj enforced, 
■ad pcnaancfltljr and faithftilly obacrred." 

///. TcilM R»e»rdt. Aa die boaineu of the police department 
[ tiK Sadal EtH is to enforce the law, and the rnlet and 
I in diMiieta where the Uw has became inoperatiTe, it Is 
"^nk to aappoM Oat all placea where die refolatioM arc beio| 
''"fatad, or iriMTC tiiere Ii a mupidoa of Tiolation wonld be known 
^ f^iillii hr tb« Department 

^'^tt Ihii Jb wimi, the famaticatioa of the Social Evil as tmdcr- 
^^* tr ^ CoMoriasian was based i^on a list of nefa placet, for* 
"^ad kgr Ika GaMral S ty cih aewl et of Police ThU list was nada 
^^^ Iha rapartt ol iM p wt o r i Oroa^ioat the dtjr, aa to oomU* 
^ IM al lidM^ M Apfadbi XXL 


tions found by their snbordtnates in their different polioe dhriikMi. 
This list was received August 16» 1910. 

An analysis of this list showed* briefly, that there were 14S hoaici 
of prostitution in the City of Qiicago, known to the police of scfca 
different precincto» namely, the 8d, 4th, 12th, IMi, ITth, tSlh aai 
38th. These houses harbored 860 innutes and 14S madamea or keep' 
ers, making a total of 1,008 women engaged in this baslnesa in reoof* 
nized houses. In addition, the list gave 649 inmates in Ml flats loa/bti 
at 181 separate addresses with 861 madames or keepers, making a total 
of 810 women engaged in this business in flats. The record fnitfMr 
stated that there were 51 hotels which cater to an immoral tndc. 
Thirty-eight of these places were conducted by men and IS by wofi 
This made a grand total of 13^5 women engaged in the bosuns off 
prostitution, according to the police list, ekher as inmates or keepow 
at 374 separate addresses. 

It is interesting to note that no saloons where immoral and dissotoe 
persons congregate were given as such in this list Whidi bet was 
quite contrary to the instructions issued by the General S up er inte ndcat 
of Police when transmitting the new roles and regulations to tbc 

With this list as a basis, a field investigation was undertaken. Ffooi 
July 15th to September dOth inclusive the investigators found 356 
houses, hotels, flats and assignation rooms. They counted 570 proiti- 
tutes connected with 150 of these places, and were solicited by 119 
different women for immoral purposes. Of the 150 places wlMfC 
prostitution existed, 45 were on the police list and 105 were aot 
Of the 78 houses, hotels, flats and assignation rooms discovered if 
saloon investigators, and which were not in the same building wiA the 
saloon, four were on. the police list, 45 were not, and 89 were doiAlM 
as the addresses were not secured. This made a total of 150 i<* 
dresses of this character, which the police apparently had no rtosri 

During this same period investigators secured infomation cos* 
ceming 875 saloons. They counted 779 women who were freqnoiAl 
these saloons, and were solicited for unmoral purposes by more thii 
806 different prostitutes m 806 different sakxMis. Of tfie 875 sabotf 
visited, 46 were on the police list and 889 were not, nmidt^ a grai' 


Mil of in pbon where nmnoral and dissohitc persons actually con- 
|rf|Med or where there was a strong suspicion of such conditions, 
vMdi were Ml m the police list receired August 16, 1910. 

Is view of the facts brought out by the field investigation, it was 
teflt ihatt the fist reoehred August 16, 1910, was incomplete, and 
M iol ghrc an a c curate account of the conditions prevailing througli- 
^fcdty. The General Superintendent of Police felt the same way 
M ordered another list prepared for the Commission. 

The lew fist was received on October 96, 1910. 

ft ii Irt fr es thy to compare die police list received on October 26th 

^ the p ief i o us fist received on August 16th. An analjrsis of the 

^ received October t6th, shows that there are 192 houses of pros- 

'J'ltiQB (August fist, 142) with 2,348 rooms, in 7 diflFerent precincts 

f>|Ht Ikt, B) with 1,012 hunates (August list, 860), and 189 

^'diKi or beepers (August list, 142). In addition the list gives 272 

"^ (August list, 261) with 960 rooms at 151 separate addresses 

(Aq^qsI li^ |gi) ^ith 419 inmates (August list, 649), and 252 keep- 

^ (August list. 261). 

*I^ list also contains the addresses of 42 hotels (August list, 51) 
"^ 1.222 rooms which cater to an immoral trade, and among the 
'^^pers are 8 women (August list. 13). This makes a grand total of 
^<^M women (August list, 1.825) engaged in the business of prosti- 
^■(ioo, either as inmates or keepers at 385 separate addresses. (Ati- 
l^>st list, 374.) These houses, flats and hotels, contain 4.525 rooms 
'^ed for immoral purposes. There seems to be some confusion in the 
'^'eids of inspe ct ors regarding the order from the General Superintend- 
^ of Pblice to report disorderly places in the precincts within their 
'^tjcnlar districts. One inspector said that such a list is kept, but the 
*^ces are not reported to headquarters unless asked for. Two other 
^^Pectors said that there is an order for each inspector to report all 
'H^rderly places found in the different police precincts each month, 
^ these reports should include all saloons frequented by prostitutes. 
tlie list received from police headquarters on October 86th contained 
^ addresses of 15 hotels and 9 houses in the 2nd police precinct; 
Woccls, 107 houses and 42 flats in the 3rd police precinct; 3 houses 
^ 101 flats in the 4th precinct; 25 houses in the 15th precinct; 
Wds, 28 houses, and 59 flaU in the 27th precinct; 3 hotels and 34 


fiats in the 88th prccmct; 19 hoteb» 10 hcmset, and M flats la tk 
88th precinct^ 

Of this number which were on the police listt 8 hotdt and 9 hooici 
were investigated in the 8nd precinct; 18 flats in the 4th proKt; 
9 houses in the IMi precinct; 8 hotels, 88 houses and 1 flat ia the 
27th precinct; 8 hotels, 8 houses, and 1 flat in the 88Ch pndmX; 
16 hotels, 8 houses and 15 flats in the 88th precinct 

The saloon investigation revealed the fact that tfiere were a Itfp 
number of hotels, flats and houses in diese prcdncts, whkii were aot 
on the police list as follows: 

In the 8rd prednct, 10 hotels, 6 over saloons and 4 ncarhgr; 8 iib^ 
5 over saloons and 8 nearby; and 1 house over a saloon* 

In the 4th precinct, 8 pkces with assignation roons, 1 over a 
saloon, and 1 nearbjr. 

In the 16th precinct, 8 places with assignation roons, over tht 
saloons, and 18 houses over saloons. 

In the 87th precinct, 14 hotels, 6 over saloons, and 8 neaitgr; 10 
assignation rooms or flats, 88 over saloons and 18 nearby, and 6 hooMf 
over saloons. 

In the 38th precinct, 19 hotels, 15 over saloons, 4 nearby; 8S n- 
signation rooms or flats, 18 over saloons and 17 nearby; and 1 bosK 
over saloon. 

In addition to this, investigators have found disofderiy placet ii 
police precincts, reports of which have not apparently been received it 
police headquarters. These are as follows: 

In the 1st precinct, 85 hotels and 8 assignation rooms or flaa 

In the 5th prednct, 8 hotels, 18 assignation rooms or flats, std 1 

In the 8th precinct, 1 hotel 

In the 10th precinct, 1 flat and 1 house. 

In the 11th prednct, 4 hotels and 9 assignation rooms or flats. 

In the 18th precinct, 1 hotel and 4 assignation rooms or flsts* 

In the 17th prednct, 18 assignation rooms or flats. 

In the 19th prednct, 10 assignation rooms or flats. 

In the 89th precinct, 8 hotels, 6 assignation rooms or flats, tM ^ 

*Tsble I. 

ions, 87 hotels, a saloons, 82 assignation rooms or flats 
ions, 00 not over saloo 1 Z4 houses over saloons.^ 

JUkm, aa iovcsttptioo of pre nets where no places were re- 
id l ad cpwdcnt of talooat showed 8 hotds in the Itt precinct; 
t iMJinitioii rooms or fl in the 5th precinct; 1 hotel 
roooia or flats in tl 11th precinct; 1 hotel and 1 
• IMh prednd; 1 hotel and 1 ose and 8 flats in the 88th 

bopt facts show be3rond <|tie m, one of two tilings, first, 
hMpedon of police dhrisioos or captains of police precincts 
d i v laiu n a are ignorant of conditions as they actually exist 
ihtfkts, or second, that they have withheld the exact in- 
s aslBsd for by the General Superintendent of Police. From 
Is d» reader can draw his own conclusions as to the knowl- 
ftm poBee of diese condHions. 

I poiBt» we di scover a weak spot in the administration of law 
IHioM by the Police Department, as they apply to the Social 
hkaga The remedy b so obvious it need not be stated. 

If PsHct OJfetr on tki Beai. The police officer on the beat 

Ikt Social Evil condittwis than any other official in the Qty of 

Ha hf HMref ; in a pecuUar way to the templa- 

the system as . Upon him falls the heaviest burdeii 


officer on the beat** is influenced by custom, or by his saperion» or 
whatever prevents law enforcement against certain phases of the 
evil, a few of the facts as found are given below onder different bad- 

In every case mentioned the place and number of the ofiocr it 
omitted, and signs such as XI — ^Xll — inserted. It should be bone 
in mind that these instances do not represent an investigation of iD 
houses, saloons, hotels, flats or streets frequented by prostitutes, bol 
only such as the money, time and authority at the mmmand of tk 
Commission felt would be indicative of the conditions as app^ 
to the whole. Following these specific mstances, general otoci f Hi fl ^ 
are given. 


V, Houses, Assignation Hotels and Flats. On August 16th, a IooIb- 
out stood in front of (X504), at the comer of West (XM4a) street 
and (X505) street Two inmates of the houses next to the saloos 
were soliciting from windows of the resort Officer Na (XMi) 
approached from (X505b) street The lookout stepped to the door of 
the saloon, placed his hand behind a brass shield over the post, lad 
a bell was heard to ring in the building. As soon as be did this, be 
hurried to the windows, and motioned to the women who were so- 
liciting. A moment later the officer came to the comer and the 
lookout greeted him with "Hello (XSOe),"* and (X606) stood cfaattii« 
with him for some time. 

Officers Nos. (X508) and (X509) were standing on the toner 
near a furnished room house in the afternoon, while investigator wtf 
solicited by a woman standing ui doorway. 

VL Houses, Assignation Hotels and Flats Gennai. On Amv^ 
25th a new force of oflkers in uniform and plain clothes 

into the 22nd street district It was interesting to note m a mersE 
way the reception of these men by saloon ke^ers, cadete and look— * 
outs connected with the resorts. For some time one of the 
in uniform stood on the comer of (X510) and (X511) 
held a conversation with four young len, one of whom was 
lookout who tipped off the women m ag from windows at (Xilt^ 
avenue. Another was a cadet who »i s in the conceit room of ^ 
saloon frequented by prostitutes at \ «oraer of West (XUS) sa^ 
(X51da),next to (X514) avenue. Ot r «ptk)ns were bdd ia differed 
parts of the district ; on the corner and the entrance of the (XiU> 
the (X516), comer of (X517) and (Xoid) streets, and near tiK 
signal box, comer of (X519) and (X520) streets. One detective;, 
had been in the district, and who was evidentiy to be 

(Xm). It (XSU). rXS>4i> DeaAors Kr«L T~i s ^rza- 
K aott funoos and hurariooi booM oi ,x Jt'r^tx :: :^ 
f. The Itit nerind from tkc Gcacnl Sapcr^EsleK of P^hcs 
^MlC, IfflO; did m* prgth e wMn atatOm boKw sfdnn 
^■■v plKO OB tiK iliul- Xbc rvnMB fill ncoiod OODScr 
id wbMIm the ptoa^ cs wd b iIw ooibv 
Imamy mk t warn tiMjti all ■%»>  s konc a< p r mkjtJM 
M) »eHC Ob Jmbitt IMl W ntnd to tUt hvr viA 
M dolkci aea lad told dK imUr tktf k kad hn T 
ftt ri»t befare by ot of Am in win TW fa ' 
t aad Mid to the oCccn  Ae heariif efOeii 
IcEh jdb IhM tfatf m> did pot Inv dnt i 
id I Mit MC wfer TOB an fco th nag ac. for 

 WMted Ifae WBUtx uiutul, bM ttc ofinn nid 1 

5l»iBrt SWirifMf- Oi the mamg of AbcbK 19tx ittw 
■d iea< iBvotiBtar c oaa t eiJ n fO pfo UkMa la fa jti f i 
iMrth rideof (XSM). hrtwecB (XSn) sad fXSM'. T 
kt aca to a hold over a Mormiom Barked «7-» rXfCI'i. 
IxL^karNa (XSM) Mood akve Mdw eorvr. via t«9 
■CB aad waflosd with thcB to tlK e«n 

Ob ScstcalKr Ulh. betwcca 19:1* mt »* ?. 
r« nUdted h^ ITn fXni), Sow rXSIt). «d 
« itreeli ia Ae dowa to aa tiMrict. Joeie wm Aafiav « ftc 
«t (XiSI) aad (XU4). actf the CJUU) nee. Tfa n 
P.IL OBecr Na (3UM) Mood « eoevr rtoM 1* fttf ^a* 


sired. Whfle talking to these girls a sergeant of |xdioe and officer Noi 
(X544) Ulked together at comer of (X5i5) and (546) streets. Tbcy 
took no notice of solidtatkMi. One of the girls told in ft rtj g a l D r tint 
the police do not interfere with them. 

IX. Strut SoUcUins-^eneral. 

a. North Side. September 11, 10:30 until 11:80 P. IL Stw4 
different girls soliciting on North (X54ea), from (X5ieb) to b- 
diana. Two officers passed. 

September 10th. 1:80 to 8 A. M. Nme giris aoUckiiv fraa 
(X546c) to (X546d). Saw one policeman. 

September 9th. 10 to 10:30 P. M. Seven giris 8olicitfl« oa 
(546e) from (X546f ) to Erie. Saw one officer. 

September 8th. 9 to 10 KK) P. M. Ten girls oo (HJMg) bm 
(X546h) to (X646i) avenue. No officer in sight 

September 9th. 9 to 9:30 P. M. Fourteen girls solidtinf oo coner 
of (X546J) and North Clark. No officer m sight 

September 9th. 8:16 to 8:40 P. M. Seven women oo La Sdt 
Nelly solicited investigator to go to (X648) Hold, (XM8) La Sde. 
No officer in sight 

h. West Side. September 6th. During period of 16 minito I 
girls soliciting on (X64i6k) between (X6461) and Saqgamoo. No 
in sight. 

September 6th. During period of 16 minutes, 7 giris 
(X546m) from (X646n) to Peoria. No officer in sight 

September 1st. 10 :30 P. M., 3 nrls soliciting oo Mooroe betircca 
(X546o) and Halsted. One girl talked to two officers near rear door 
of (X547) saloon. A few minutes later police officer and a tcfgetft 
came east on Monroe street, and all girls disi^>peared. 

September 2nd. 10:30 to 11 P. M. Nine giris oo (X647a) bm 
(X547b) to Morgan. No officer in sight 

September 23rd. 9:30 to 11:30 P. M. Investigator was sdicitod 
by 14 different girls in vicinity of (X649a) avenue, bet w een (Xi4M) 
and (X549c). Eight solicited for Hotel (X660), (X661) avcnacaad 
6 to Hotel (X562), (X563) street One officer at (X688a) vd 
(X553b), but he stayed only a moment, and walked toward (XMc). 

c. South Side from East 23rd to 63rd streets. 

September 26th. (X563d) street and Indiana avenue, Vkdct (XSM). 
Lives on Prairie avenue. Fairly well educated. About 19 jmn^ 
would go to hotel. Officer stood on northeast comer (XUSd) HreH 
at time investigator was approached. 

Saloons, August 27th. Officer Na (X666) was drinkiog at bv 
at Na (X556) Wells street (not on police list). Bartender loU ir 
vestigator the girls were having an off night He shooM cooie an 
and get Vk>let, the best on ttie street for $1. Room opslairk 

August 31st Officers (X667), called into (X668) West 
street (not on police list). He drank a pint of beer at the bar. 
are assignatKMi rooms over the salooo. 


Mb Oflnr N* (XiN) «M MM ia nlooB at (XMO] 

HM» OBov Nok (XMl) wifwd nkKNi tt (Xifll 

(■oft CBpoBoB Brt/« Tb8 prapfMoft C^*^*^/* (ovc flM 

iiHfiL Bt Ml is ft few i wffiitft H fj ftftcr w ftfflim tO IIm 

ift Iht nv raon to hMp ^iihtt Rvt proilibilft wcra n dm 

(Zni) ktl4» (XiNft) Stoto Mrwt The rw room of thb Mkm 
' Mb Mrvtd ftftv 1 A. IL 

r Mk CMnr Na (XMi) was louiiiv ifidnit tfit Imi 
to ft'toboi it (XHI) ftftnt (aot on police Urt). 

lidi. (XMr) Lftitt (XMI). Not on Doiice lift AMt^ 

(XMT) Lftitt (XMI). Not on police lift Kw» 

^_ Na (XMIIwaf Icftn iy a^gay tfie bar. 

(XHW jlRnk flirafli Nol cmi poHoe lift IiivffQ|itof is ncfo win 

(Xpfl/f ft ftfoit wftHKf* OHccf cane into fcar toooi and 

to oaf • Slajrad «Mra al tfie obm infciuifitQr was ia tbi 

ypfffjTf, Ob polioc 

fwCfli SO oe cfDe6NUi7 x^isdoit 

IB looiBBo aroBBQ* JtvVO a^oflictt ai 

OBnra were ooierM dftokf obq c%an 

AftftPwaiQf Oct wero iBritod to flo opetairs 

If : 

^) 'Saftdi Abtol firect (Bot oo police VUt). Iflfeili|ator 
for drinks widi oflker No. (X574) in thb saloon. 
(XS76) Halstcd street (not on police list). Inrestigator had drink 
Noi (X576) in this saloon. The rear room is frequented 
bj MU f tiiBtrf One of these is Gertrude, age 18. 

(XS7T) Root street (not on police list). Inrestigator was solicite<l 
tor MiBBie to go opstairs. Saw two officers, Nos. (X578) and (X679) 
miidiV beer n tnis place. 

(XiSO) Sooth State street At 1:80 A. M. an officer No. (X681) 
walked wkmm tSod street and tried the front door of saloons, r inallr 
he Stopped ni front of the skle entrance of saloon at (XMS) South 
Stoto fleet This entrance is on SSnd street While he stood there, 
11 BKB aad women went through this sMe entrance into the saloon. 
Hepaid no attentkm to the matter. 

TUs saBM dttttx walked west on tSnd street and tried the front 
door of the (XiSS) afe, oo the comer of West (X584) street and 
(Xi80) street The skle door on (X585) street was open, and music 
coold be beard. While officer stood on the comer, t men 
tiiroagb the side door. 
OK. iNot oo police list) Conducted bjr colored men* 
soliciting. Investigator here until 4 A. M* Two of* 
on street twice while investigator was in room npetairt* 


(X588) Wabash avenue (not oo ixdice list). October 8di at t:S3 
A. M. officer Na <X689) knocked on the side door of tfits sakna 
and was admitted. The officer seemed to be wdl kooim to the pro- 
prietor. When he came in, he went to the closet Later ibt ■nrct- 
tigator saw him in the closet sitting on the box drinking a bottle of 
beer. At 2:40 A. M. another officer came fai throng ue side door 
and joined the other officer in the closet The waiter called Vm 

Jim (X591)» a waiter, in speaking of the two officers, saki fktf 
came in every night about that time, 8:40 A. IL 

(X598) saloon, (X593) Dearborn street (not on Mike list). Thir 
saloon is connected with a house of prostitution. On October 89ll^ 
8 unescorted women were soliciting in the rear room. Thcj opcacd 
the door leading to the bar and asked investigator to come bock 
Officer No. rX594) came into the saloon in uniform, bat paki ao 
attention to the women in the rear room. He was given a bottle of 
beer, whkh he drank at the bar. He was there about 80 naMteL 
After 1 A. M. the women went to wine room tqistairs where driab 
are sold all night 

November 8nd. (X595) saloon, (X596) Dearborn street (not oa 
police list). Women stood in doorway leading to rear room, sad 
invited men at bar to enter. Investiptor saw a man stan^m is 
front of saloon who pushed an electric button attached to a hntf 
when an officer approached the place. 

November 20th. (X597) Buffet, (X598) Wabash avenue. Thepio- 
prietor offered to secure women for houses of prostitution in Ovn* 
Assignation rooms over saloon. Prostitutes solicit in the rear rooa 
On this date, officer in uniform, No. (X599), came in and asked kr 
beer and cigars, for which he did not pay. 

XI, Saloons-General, August 11th. The police ordered the »- 
loon at (X600) West Lake street closed to women. On the ua kg 
of this day investigator was solicited in this resort WKQe there ht 
saw a woman and a man in the toilet room at the same time. (SsIooa 
not on police list) 

August 83rd. Investigator again visited saloon at (X600) W( 
Lake street, which had been ordered closed, and in which he had ' 
solicited on August 11th, and saw four prostitutes in the rear i 
He was solkited to go upstairs by a woman who said her aaase 

On August 11th, the police were ordered to ck)oe the aahw m 
(X608) West Lake street (not on police list) to women. Os tin* 
evening of this date, uivestigator was solicited by Franeea tof^W 
suirs. Frances said the rest of the women co nnect ed wfeh Aa fki^ 
were upstairs. 

On August 19th, the saloon at (X608) West Lake street was a|di 
^ed. Investigator was solicited to go upstairs, this time bjr Ja>B>> 
Three other girb were fai the concert room at this time. 

August 16th. Pblice officer fai uniform was seen by invfiliplor 

ud (XCIO) ttnei tpeice ef t jkms faax fnc; za n -^e 
1, aoA KUcd ix pcixe i?: ^ct arcwr 'A-nie c xn n-r^c- 
r t«o pniabpce. nd v« aM ctw i? Hise :z gi z: a 
M hone ia BidAc of Uock. 

*ff IIA. (Xni) N«lk Caek evs. 0« Tna 3k.' 
Mend dM Hkm k UM Jl iL tmi 4nK ioe^ n w^. 

far fllh. Villi a jiifiMMwi a ^ rar 7< XfU 

■t of tkm T^r ami Artr. 0« V3ma wis. ae- ^nsB 
■i ia taloasy wich s b«b k a abie. Tv? twk d^aa 
bar bdo» kmbri ^ « kv. ^k akfa k s^l 

[lU) dmfe kccr ia nioaa M  XfI4 orsK act 38 ?auoi 
yo^V warn m tbe ptan nd tbs iK. ^x '■^■'— -■■ w a 
f^ lait s loif M tte sdooa ce^e-i SMd am iJ r^ je 

) Tirilnit iiiMi 'iiii !■ jiiTii Tif Gexne-nxKtJq 
an was cravota M taii 30^. sx v^^n ^cnon v^n i^ 

xvo itnafcr^ vao aas 3£ vporaacc ^ ii^b 
 two ^vnCnicL Tarr < rwT^ug ii ^ 3e v 

pnct of vc vvk^ lacy wtn tyastil li'ju z 

J nald kc aT< 


went to her room about 11 KK) P. M. Her cadet — a waiter in (X619) 
saloon at (X620) South Halsted street, followed and had a 60A with 
her. When seen by investigator she was bleeding from her nioiith» her 
hands were lacerated, and her clothes almost torn off. 

Two detectives were called. They did not attempt to go into & 
room or arrest the "cadet/' After the fight was over the girl canr 
out, and one of the officers told her that she would have to take her 
trunk and leave the next day. One of the other women took her to a 
hotel for the rest of the night 

November 26th. While investigator was standmg at the bar of 
saloon at (X620a) Wells street Ulking to (X621), the bartender, two 
men came in who appeared from their conversation, to be plain doChes 
officers. They were telling (X622), the proprietor, about a man named 
(X623), whom they had arrested, and asked him if he wanted to get 
the fellow out. The proprietor gave cigars to these men. 

This is the saloon referred to in Chapter III as being within SS stcpi 
from a public school. 

November 28th. Investigator spoke again to (X621), the baitender, 
and asked him if the saloon was ever bothered fa^ the polioe, lad 
he said, "Hell, no, they can make all kinds of complaints wna tfie polioe 
officers are our friends, and they are sent to investigate ana find 
everything O. K. So it does not do anjrbody any good to make com- 

While talking to (X621), two men came in and (X621) saki they 
were detectives. They were given cigars and drinks, for whidi they 
did not pay. Three men were playing cards in the rear roon. 
(X621) said they were cadets. A fourth man was sitting at die 
table watching the game. Investigator entered the read room nd 
sat down at a table with an unescorted woman named Violet (XltS), 
who lives at (X629) Wendell street She solicited him to go opstun 
for immoral purposes. She pointed out the man watdimg tibe gaaM^ 
and said he was a detective. 

(X621) introduced investigator to a cadet, named (X681), who 
spoke about "getting jobs," and he (X631)), made the foUowiqg re- 
mark: "It is a hell of a note when you got to go to the pdioe oS- 
cers to get a job in these joints. (X633) got me a job here wiA 
(X634) once, and at another time (X635). The last job I got was 
from a higher source than that One night (X686) and I were to- 
gether and both of us were pretty well stewed. We came ii Ail 
place, and without saying anything (X634) called (X6I8) oo te 
side and told him to put me to work, (X688) came over to ae tM 
said, 'HI put you to work as soon as I possMy can.* ** 

November 27th. Investigator was in this saloon at IS P. IL oa 
this date, two men who appeared to be plain clothes oficert wcie sk* 
ting on chairs in the bar room. At 12:16 P. M. an oflker in n- 
form No. (X640) entered the saloon and spoke to the two men nca- 
tioned above about a murder. At 12:28 this officer, Na (Xtiv). 
•topped to the bar and ordered a drink of whiskey. He drank 1^ bat 


/ ..■  


ana go ai tney picase. 

r. Dance HaUi. September 10th. (X642) hall, North Qark 
. Oflker in uniform Na (X643) was selling tickets at door. 
* of the girls in thb hall were semi-prostitutes. One girl who 
d to go to a hotel with inrestigator, works in one of the depart- 
stona. She recetres a salary of $6 per week, and "hustles" three 
I CMk week for extra money. She told investigator that she 
he fooad fai tibe rear room of (X644) saloon, (X645) North 
itrtal. Inrestigator was solicited in this hall by two other 
Ghdya and Flora, who said they would go to anv of the rooms 
■cs wtuhf or to (X646) North Qark street. One man in the 
aDed (X647) said he was living with a big blonde, another 
id to investigator that he was a ''cadet" and never worked. 
tcnbcr 17th. (X648) hall, (X649) avenue. Two officers, Nos. 
I) and (XMl) were on duty in this hall. A young man called 
, about It years of age, was intoxicated, and was put out of the 
ff tfie two officers. In about 5 minutes he returned to the 
Bom» and bought these officers drinks of whiskey. He stayed 
\ hiSL after this, and became very noisy, but the officers did 
qr anything to him. Four other boys drinking beer did not 
r to bie older than from 17 to 19. Two professional prostitutes 

in this place. 

t4th. (X652) hall, (X653) Milwaukee avenue. In- 

mcC a number of semi-prostitutes at this dance. For in- 
i, Vkdct (X6M), Rosie (X655), and Tantine. Officers Na 
I) was on daty at this dance hall. He became friendly with in- 
Btor, and went with hhn to (X657) sakwn, (X658) Division 
, where officer nad a drink of whiskev at the bar. He told in- 
Btor that if he ''picked up anything^' he should take her to 
I) boCd on comer of (X660) street and (X661) avenue. A 

other plain clothes man came in and joined the others. 
served with bottled beer while the third took a cigar. 

(Xen) hall, (X678) South Sute street. October 
was given in this hall. The bar was in a room adjoinii 
I»ll, and drinks were served in the ball Investigator 
waiters, 3 bartenders and estimated that there were UO a 
and girls present The youngest girls appeared to be ab 
of age. He met officers Nos. (X678) tod (X678i) am 
with them. The; both drank whiskqr at the bar. 

(X674) hall. Comer of (X67S) avenue and (XSTS)  
building ts owned by {X67?) Brewing Company. (X 
representative of this company, and mana^ the salooi 
hall. The latter is rented out at difFerent tunes to orgai 
pleasure clubs. The charge for the ball b 9SB.00 per 

The dance on October IS was conducted b^ tbe (X$n 
is a room at the end of the hall. The conditioni in the 
particular night were disgraceful. There were about 11 
ent, from 16 to S3 years of age, and many of tbent M 
with each other in being "tough." Investigator saw nine 
prostitutes whom he had previously seen while investigatii 
in the West Madison street district 

The dance was a masquerade. Most of tbe girls b 
skirts. A description of the action* of many of tbe dai 
be printed. 

By 1 o'clock many of the girls were intoiricatedi, or 
ind tbe dancing became more and more aogpstlve. Two 
about 16 years of age were dancing together and went tfai 
and suggestive motions. Investigator danced with one o 
afterward and she offered to go to a room at the (} 
(Xeei) Milwaukee avenue. The room would cost K o 

m TBI nciAL wrtL w chicaoo 

• tk( aiot Men licfc «» (X693), who at prrwnt is living; at Oit 
(XM) hold with  ffirl caiitA MarcdU f X69£). This girl U  proi. 
Ml a a hoiue U (Xfi96) ivcnue. (XSiH'^. the proprietor, seemi 
b bit tnnk police proctction. One of hu right hand men ti  
id policcnun by the name of (Xe98). Two plain cloihei mm 
at the bar of the takwn one niKtit, while a dance 


, (XTOO) SSUi Mreet TMt dance hall ii frequented 
, Mnu-frofeMboal and profcuionsl prottiiutcft. The 

MHmi vc opcB tad ftagraoL On October 23rd. Officer No. 

(Xni) h onimiB was >ccn littins at a tabic drinldng beer wU 

KML Amtfier dEccr. Na (X70X), itood at the entrance ol (be 

U ad bier wtot fatfo tbe bdies' retiring room where he tttycd 

*mtta wiMlii 
(Xfn) tluJ itrccC. Thb notoriotu dance haQ »iiitsted m the 

■Mriaed diariet eaten to pcofeaaiooal prostimtcs who take men ta 

■Mrt* haHb or to » ' 

frt. CBtooi and precedent has established in Chicaco certain rt- 
•Wed dtttricts, where tbe laws and ordinances of the state and dtf 
m pncticallr inoperatiTe in •opprcsiuic botnes of prostitdtioa. 

Stmmd. Because of tM* conditioa certain paUic officials have 
^ a certain discretion to the Police Depanmeeit and hare allowed 
(rici nriet and rcgnlatiom to take tbe place of tbe law and ordinHM 

IM. As a rook of thii discnrtion crrlaiB mauiiKi * of the piBBf 
■Q ant b ec o cae eoiiBpt and not Vttf fafl to ilriclljr flkCjf Bt 
MBMd rtCBlatiana  the 1 1 itrictoj 4 
hu ID wfcqnidy eatorce tbe hv wd • 

Chapter IV. 

Sources of Supply. 

mva — 

y^A. X-i &X A A^. . 

80ITBCB8 07 8U7PLY. 

^ose of Report. The purpose of this report is to 
)rt IS nearly is possible tU the souroes which sapply 
of the social vice; and also to nrommm d m e asu re s to 
d suppress the supply. 

iourus of InformatUm. As far as possible the 

'it first hand sources of informatioiit from which to 

s which it reports and classifies, and from which its 

Are drawn. 

sources of infonnatioo are: 
va) Personal histories secured from 80 women, who 
either now inmates of houses of prostitutioo, or haire been 
ver^ recently. These histories have been secured and carefn^K^f 
renfied through repeated interviews by a woman who is tibe 
fidential friend of these women, and who has carefoDy 
guarded their confidence. 

(b) Accounts of themselres given by p io atilules to the 
vestigators on the Commission : 

(1) in amusement parks under private man- 

agementf § 

in dance halls» 40 ^ 

in saloons and on the street, 49 •* 

flats and assignation hotels, 11 

in houses of prostitution. If «• 

(c) Delinquent girls investigated by the Juvenile 

Protective Association, 
A total of 179 cases whose careers, both before 
and after their downfall have been studied 

(d) Records of voung girls in the custody of tbm 

Juvenile U>ilrt of Cook County durinf the 
first ten jrears of its operation 

Total number of cases r ev i ewed, 

WhOe many of these girb were personally interviewee 
cases thorou^y hivestigated by the Draartment of 
vestigation in the Chkago Sdiool of Uvics and PhilaaaMf7' 
the conchisions regarding the delinquency of tfie total mmktt af* 


•na iocuL mm. m cmicmm 

^u«d vfoa a cartful sXaij of official and other records rcgardia| 
Hub dnrinc aa inmltgation conlinued for more than two ^carl. 
tod reported to the RoMelt Sage Foundation, by which the reiolti ' 
of the inmtrks arc about to ^ published. 

(t> Inc iBVCStigations of the Commission on panders and 
CHCta. dance lialU, cmplo/ment tgrncin, department stores, 
wnittwrrt puk> aiider private management, lake steamers, and 
nyart> of oner Ctmunittees bearing on the sources of supply. 

(1) Invotiptiont of the United States Immigration Commit- 
IJDB nd dw WHiiigrantt* IVotective [.eigne of Chicago on die 
rdatiofi of iinnigraitt tvotncn and coloniei of foreign laboring 
■n in eon atru ction camps, lodging houves in cities, and else- 

Alienists' inquiry into the sub-normal |>hysical and mental 
of boys and young men committed to the State R»^ 
of Hinacaota. 


fb) Aa the bub of esiimatei of the profits and male patronaci  
of Mne* of pro*tittttio«:> 

(1) Bnef and argument of plaintiff in error before the 
Sopreme Court of Illinois. October Term, 1908, in case of 
PtofU r. Bfjsu Ltr and Leona Gairily. 

<S) Books and papers of a keeper of a disorderly houw 
■iHMring daily and monthly receipts, which was seized by the 
authorities and form part of the records of the case of the 

Vcfified ttpoiti of iiivutifatora, 
(4) Stntementa made at Gonfercnces with madamet and 
famtet of di ionkr l y boosea. 
(i) Confereoeei widi reproentatiTes of reform ind phau- 
Ihrapk n eaciu and other interested indiridittla. 
%. The iabohtion and daaiificatiott of the data derived tram tiwM 

r of conditions inrolTed in the personal histories and 
I of S,4M woolen and girls under reriew wMcfc 


f €l Inmnit of pl ea sti r c and pfoviaioo for iccrcalion  

III IsnnntarT entrance itpoo or continue no in WMliU* 
Hoa ate a«alU >»« lUnr;" : 

rn S i* m nrm m n i x u  iMaar In the lodtl gyfl; 

») TiM WMpl y of iMk patnMa of praatitntka; 

(1) niiiiiiTin ii lei ptfjMufr •»• bnkK. 

reform work of the city. Similar tibles are in poasession of 
mission which have been famished by the organizatioiis men 

111 MH 


'•a 1 1 ^1 


a < • ! : 

^ ^ 1 s s 

1 J - - j.: 

! "  M 

« ■• — 


8 8 8 8 

2 *^  - 


1 1 » B 

1 * II S K 

4 * 

s n x X X 

* Is 9 >!>!:« 

s s a a s 


• >.  • s 












1 3 

1 1 








8 ' 





8 S 








>■ w 







•0 M 














1 i 









X » 








& 9 









S 6 


1 . 





















s ? 

C e 


! » 
I - 

s • 

•ouBcn or suivlt M 


HOUSES OF PEOsirnrnoN m CHfCAOo.** 


Average age of entrance to life 18 jreart 

Average present age S8>i jtm 

Average years in business to date, over 5 yean 

These women are the heavy money earners of some of the "haeT 
houses in Chicaga The majority of them are apparently in rohu 
health. At any rate they are in phjrsical condition good enough lad 
attractive enough to patrons to hold the lead in profesaiooal prortita- 
tion and to earn weekly from $50 to $400. 

This would seem to largely disprove the statement to freqocstiy 
made "that the average life of the prostitute is five years'* and aln 
the solemn statement of one Municipal Court Judge diat *% fi*t 
years these girls will all be dead." 

It is undoubtedly true that the women in houses are kMigcr fired 
and better off than the street walker or possibly than the rfaiyH*"^ 
prostitute — ^with her, service is largely mechanical — not an act appal- 
ing to sentiment of affection— while with the latter type espeas^f, 
the physical stress upon the body and nerves and strengdi caassd If 
expression of "love" as they understand it, makes dfmands opon c» 
durance that are unknown to the professfonal pros titute . 


Studying the occupations, it is found that of the thirty only thtc 

never worked; one of these was educated in a convent; of tk ote 

two, no data is given. The rest tried to cam their Vnk^ as foBowi: 




Saleswomen AtgL store 





Telephone girl 




iBt 8ffni|t wi^fBt M tM iwcuijf^nTC gnrcB n ^•uu per wcck* 


Oh wm aa oqihta* two botrded* one Ihred whh an atrnt, the 
■M appaicflojr onnaQ away tmn tnenr notn ci i iwcniy-uiree 
•C tht iMMica c mMwratrd thirty-dglit brothers and forty-four sisters, 
ao it wonld aacai tlMt moat of tbem come from good sited families. 

Pfk€ 9f Hann. 

Tha priea for "acnrioa^ of tfie houses in which these inmates 

art 9L00, 9iM and $5.00. Of these prices the madame 

ana half except hi the $1.60 house. This particolar house 

giria who receiTe Chinamen onl3r— no man of any other 

is pciuiillad lo enter t tfie madame recelTcs one-third— 4he 

gM gctliqg one dollar and the madame fifty cents for each ''senrice.'* 

Money — Haw Speni. 

As to the dispositioo of the money made by these prostitutes the 
table shows that three allege they are supporting or helping their 
faonly or mother; one, a mother and her own seren-year-old child; 
one b saring money so she can give up the life. The other twenty-five 
apparently spend the money on themselves. It is rather remarkable 
that no one spealcs of supporting a lover or "cadet" 

Causes for Entering Life. 

Nine were seduced ; three could not earn enough to live on in any 

way; two were enticed by other worpen into the life; two 

too ignorant to do any ordinary work; two lost their husbands 

by death and two by desertion ; two said they were naturally bad, one 

said she waited to, was "bom with the devil in her/' the other that 

she "was bad with bojrs before she was 15" ; two for dress ; two ruined 

by drink and one each on account of trouble with family, poverty, 

money and because she was tired of drudgery (this girl said dance 

.balls rained her). 

J Twchrc, therefore, out of the thirty may be said to have gone 

K wro«g becai of e c conditions and most of those seduced 

A tomid proati only at least the "easiest" way. . 



Total number of €sscs» 40. 

Of the 25 whose sfcs are giYen the avcrsfe is M.4 


The oooipatioiis of the 18 whose iplojiiient is gnroi m% m 
follows : 

DqMfftment stores, 9; irarse, 8; trained nnrse^ 1; huidi foon^ 1; 
waitress, 1 ; cashier restaurant, 1. 

Eight give wages earned ; tfie average is 96.00» 


Fourteen give meagre data. Of these 6 are married, 8 board. 8 Im 
It home (one of these has a "good home**), 1 father a dnrnkaidL t ^ 
home, 1 home in New York, married twice. 

Two say thej support parents; no other data. 

One for price of a sillc waist The prices of those given as 
up are for inmates of (X706a) dance halL 

Cauas far Bnimng Life. 

For money, 18 (one of t se s f or "spending money," 
15.00 per weelc in a departi "e and supports parents) ; 

8; violated, 8; 8 to support ol s (1 a husband and 1 a^ltovi^: 1 
for finery; 1 for clothes; 1 a | >d ti (won^ take moMj); 1 
love of her feUow; 8 h as; 1 husband a ptrvcit i^ 

vorced ; 1 induced by i f 1* rother pot me oa tkt 

1 emptoyer (a dod es her ; T'lbaJTopM^ttott 

work; 1 feUow tit d r < 11 cr 

vig; 1 ''always i ** 

i . 


173 THB aocuL ifiL ni cmcAioo 

skMALna or b^ta uGAinnfo piotmvm cm gnwa ok or iauxxmi 

Total nmbcr of cases* 4t. 


T hi rtjr-ooe fire afes. The aTcrigt is tO.4 jean. (Two art SI 

give data as follows: Dqnitmeiit store, 6; waitresses, 4; 
1 ; stenographer, 1 ; store, 1 ; mail order houses 1; factory,! 
r. i; derk, 1; "works," 1; ticket sdler, L 

Omij foor state amount of wages receired; the average is HM 


are married, 8 liTe at home, 1 with private famfly, S stated 
they had good homes, 1 is an orphan and 1 a widow. 

Ham Manay it Spani. 

Only one made any statement except regarding her own needs; tUi 
one used her money to support her mother. 

Causes far Entering Life. 

Thirteen for money; 4 because they liked it; 8 mined and deserted; 
J deserted by husband; 8 "easier than working''; 8 seduced; 1 to sup- 
port baby; 1 parents turned her out; I persuaded by aunt; 1 put ii 
incuJou« cousin ; 1 husband wouldn't support her ; 1 ran away to go 
stage ; 1 "didn't want to be kicked around as a senrant 



Total number of cases 19 

Total number giving ages 18 

Average age of these 18 88.4 years 


Formtr o crnp a lkm is given by only 6: Department store, 8; toe- 
lory, 1 ; waiMas, 1 ; domestic, 1, and dnrus girl, 1. 

•ouBcn or buptlt in 


DaU given hf only t. Chorus girl, $18.00 per week; 1 dcpirtsKit 
store girl, 96.00. 


DaU given by 6; 8 stated they were married; t caoK frooi "ix 
families" and 1 said her parents were ''farmers." 

Haw Money it S^eni. 

One sends $10.00 per week to parents, the ''fanners'' reienclt* 
x>ve; 1 supports a child. No data rcgardmg the ottiers. 

Causes far BnUrmg Ufa. 

Twelve give causes as follows: S of the workers "salary too wA 
to Htc on"; :horus girl, **haA life of the stage"; 1 went wroafii 
high school ; 1 influenced by bad girl friends and by boose of^ 
Hon opposUi her hams; 8 ent jr^ «"»0 lift \j 
by her husband at age of 16; 1 '^eft home"; 1 cooUn't get tka^t 
home; 1 drank and parents cast her off; 1 "sported before she ■i^ 


Total number of cases, 61. 

The average of the 47 whose ages are given is 16.T yctfs. 

Only 30 stated to have been workers. Of these 8 were 

7 worked in factories; 6 in department stores; 8 in laundries; I 
waitresses in sakxms, and the foUowiqg 1 each: Piano ph|tr 
nickel theater, telephone company, sweat sbop^ bakery, newi 
scaled fish. 

Only six give data as to wages. The amounts m from $U0 ^^ 
18.00 per week. The average was $4.80 per week. 




ghrea (4§), M are directly doe to bad bone 
I of thcae S were actually told by the notbers (1 a girl of 18 
TS yean old)^ 1 drhren out by ttq>fatlier; i were riolated; 
; 4 by mkkd theaters; t mined by Greeks hi fruit stores; 
 parlor; 1 at hone by Greek peddler; t by "famnoral bouse 

ka salooo: 1 at the sobUers' encamDnent; 1 in a dance 
dsscrttd by her husband after an early narriafe; 1 wu 
sqrs Aat drink wu the cause; 1 poverty^ and 1 ignorance. 


of %Ml yooof firl* brought before the Jurenile GMtrt 
spa doriog the first ten years of its operatk», diarged wiA 
1^, or other oflF enses inrohring sexual irregularity. The cases 
hese girls were carefully imrestigated by the Department of 
arestigation of the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy, 
iring a report on the Juvenile Court of Cook County for the 
Sage Foundation, soon to be published in two volumes. The 
these girls were patiently and carefully examined, not only as 
pear upon the records of the court, but by personal inquiry 
al hundreds of these girls themselves, their parents, and others 
ted with their history. 

rffenses for which they were brought into court were as fol- 
On the charge of being disorderly or incorrigible, 1.370; and 
direct charge of immorality, 871. It should be understood 
) word "immoral" is never used in the petition or statement 
ase, if it can be avoided The offenses disguised in the court 


•«•».. ft _ 

•« J • J 

L»f •_ 

souacn or suitlt ITS 

intempenite monthers, 80 bad fathers who were of Ticioiis habhs, U 
were children of immoral, vidoas or criminal molhcra» while ia tbe 
families of 18 there were others than the parents who had Tidw 
or criminal records. In 84 cases the father had shirked aB reipOMt- 
bility and deserted the famOy. Eleven of these gnis were iJhfirimilf 
children, or had been abandoned, and 10 had been Tictims d gnai 
cruelty, 89 had been in houses of prostitntioa, or had been p romii ca ' 
ously immoral, one having been a ''common street walker* at deits 
years of age. Thirteen had sisters who had become inmioral, and had 
been committed to public institutions on diat aoooont Fourteen had 
brothers who had been in such institutions for the care of drKnywit 
boys and men. 

Among the girls committed from other sectiotts of tfie States SI 
allege that the companion of their first experience in aexnal kngt 
larity was a member of their own famOy, and 16 Chkago fick hi 
the same experience. In IJ cases ii was thg faiher, in 5 the nadc^ ii 
8 the brother or older cousin who had wronged the child; in 78 oliMr 
cases, girls brought in as delinquents before the Juvenile Coort M 
been wronged in this way, 38 by their anm fathers. In 189 odar 
cases in which the girls were charged with immorality, the mother or 
the legal guardian was implicated in the offense, if not resp o nsi bi e for 
it In 18 cases, the delinquent girls were chOdren of co mm on proiti- 
tutes, in 23 cases their mothers were known to be immoral, thoogli sot 
"professionally." In 74 other cases, the mother was described as 'oi 
questionable morals" or "of doubtful character," and in 61 cases the 
mother was intemperate. We are thus confronted by a total of M 
cases, in which the court records show that the guardian voder wboK 
care the girl was growing up was obviously unfit to be trusted wih 
the care of a young girl. 

From the records of 166 girls committed to legal ontodly tnm 
other portions of the State than Chicago^ 86 were the dddna «t 
intemperate fathers and 13 of mtemperate mothers. These " 

degradation in country families parallel the conditioas iomd ki 
homes from which the Chicago children came before the covt V*^ 
regulated play in early childhood and prurient pleasarea in yoolh OT* 
the occasion of the perverskm of many of these chSdren, both la A^ 
city and the small town as well as hi the ooootry. The Int 


m aocui. tnL m chicmo 


no tB t^aml Jrrcfnliriiy m»e to 14 Oiicifo girli and tt axaOrj 
giril whBe ai plajr when rer^ yonng ; to M Chicago girli and U coontr; 
girfi it CXBM as an incidnit to loch forms of rccmtion as the tbester, 
walkiaf in Ac parin, picnics, ikaling rink, and baggy nAiag. In 
J CMcs the fb-ls were r^S to ^ '">"> cburtfa. To U Chicago firit 
and ff couacor girit tbetr fint e x ptTicnce of wro ng do in g came to llie 
gr atifcai ion of a certain cariosity; to 14 from Chicafo and 24 froa 
tiM eaaatry ttwrr was an altractioB of something tike afFection: to 
tS Inn Chicafo and 34 from the country it meant obaining small 
nmt of money, from tl.OO to 93.00, and in wxne iuttnccs only lonN 
candy. The victims of force and frand nnmbered tS from Chicafo^ 
O froas the coontry. Tbone who were oniy fen yeorj old or yomttftr 
MHhartd It from Chicafo, t4 from the country. 

Thi evefnt stndy of the experience of Ihese S,M1 delim|nent girh 
il^nMcri the experie nc ed investicators with the need of dercloptaf 
Mm aKHl akillful ifcnciM for dealing with (uch funiliet at many oE 
tMM prtv CMM frcnif the m« to piotnt afld r eyn l at t recrcEtMNig 
mA wtth the ■eeeiaky to inchide fa ntr ac ti og in peraonal and loeial 
^|ina ii te cwrieala of adioola, both public and private, at the age 
■f fiAcrtj. 

> OH imnmcAnoK or tbs cou- 

Pmitrt mi CtdHt. 
«.■ TUak 

k pmr* mi arc ia com mun ic a tion with ganp in other dtiei. la- 
JMlMli, worUif k wfc p tDde nt ly are also wining and eager to procnre 
I lor fcoua m not ooly ki tUs dty, bat for hotuca In oAer 

% of these gangs are very often waiter* 
1 of Mhwm and bouiea of proatl- 
. Th^ an acattmad a& over die city, and the kKlivkiaala arc 
I to mdk MlMr, wmd confer tegctlwr when dielr aervkea arc 

Itenblacl nClfct M^aBed whke alave traflc kna attracted nmdi 


aouBCB or bupplt 177 

Attention all over the country. The term ''white slave," bowcrcr, ii 
a misnomer. As a matter of fact the traflSc in girls includes ncgrooi 
Chinese and all sorts of girls. A ''white slaYcr** in reality is a ■■§ 
who employs men and women, or goes out himself to secure giib ipoa 
some false pretense or misrepresentation, or when the girl b iilon- 
cated, or drugged, and not in possession of her senses* is con t ej ed to 
any place for immoral purposes. 

If the girl is wa3rward and goes of her own free wHl, she would Ml 
be a white slave, but the man or woman who induced or 
her to an immoral place would be guilty under tfie Illinois 
act just as much as if he or she had enticed or used force ia pbmg 
her in a house of prostitution. 

It has been demonstrated thalt men and women engaged in tte i^ 
called "white slave'' trafik are not organind. Their opeiatioH^ 
however, are so similar and they use the same methods to such as 
extent that it is safe to infer that they are in some way woriav 

This fact is illustrated by the following incidents brougfal to Q|k 
through the court records as cited in conference with the CooniMS 
by the prosecuting attorney of the offenders. 

The first is the case of Mollie Hart In the trial of this case, k vts 
shown that Albert Hoffer, Michael Hart, David GarfinUe, llMritt 
Van Bever, Julia Van Bever, Dick Tyler and Frencby TofaoM a& 
belonged to the same crowd, and operated together. The hc^lqttrtai 
of this gang in Chicago was operated by Maurice Van Bever. Wi 
man was found guilty of pandering and sen te nce d for one ycsr mi 
to pay a fine of $1,000. His wife, Julia, was also found guflty. 

The Van Bevers had two houses of prostitution m ChicafiN i"^ 
called the Pftris, located at the southeast comer of Amour affOM 
and 21st street, the ol the San Souci located at the southwest conff 
of Dearborn and 2: eets. These two houses back up agaiHt ock 
other. This | operated in a clever manner, which still fMtf 
proved that the o . This gai« had a emaekkitm 

with other gangs m other d s. 1 Fol owing is an Olnstration: 

At the time the above arr m de, an invest^gatkiii was at 

ried on in the South Side ic I < . Wi imeptioa^ St 

Louis girls were found in ses, and the p s of leat girls vai 

MM oi WW. nis oome wu in at. uaia. wnue me 
* tcttify tlut Hart •■><) Tolnun had hired him (Bovo) 

 to tbcM booKS, and ahbougfa it wu not prored in 
HMlor omM nc vtry ckwl; how it worind out When 

 » r ute d and rckaaed oa bonds, it wu tmdentood that 
mn bdd wWi ownen of raorti in the baaement of 
ML An of tbe abOTc defendants emplOTed the tame 
kM foHght a great WMaj of these cases. This is addi- 
hM It was OBe crowd opcratinB togctber. 

bt no doubt, then, that tliesc men worlc in ganfs and 

 tkcre are badiridnals known to each other in di^rcnt 
kjr lAo work aloof tUs line. Tbe fact is further Uhis- 
■nd beyond que sti on bj the fdHowbtf tjrpical inrestigft- 
Ibjr the Commission: 

tof ttw i nv estigati on is made dear by the diarr method, 
fall of each day new derdoiiatents b the woric At tlw 
II dK drrioos ways these men work, tbe processes onder 
lankaU with each other, and tbe steps taken b the 
I te woou wbo bas been actnaDy porcfaased is trans- 
■I biiMf to anoucr or from one citj to another, bcated 
f « ahnwL 

ipIlM ialM, u win be seen, b tn wact ki nt hf which 
m tti buia of trade. 
I Hanber of Individnals Involved b thto brrestigation 

!■ THB woauL mnL tu oncAOo 

be was tore of feftiQf two women, tnd wis going to work to 

la Uie m e mtin i e, a letter whidi had been lent to New York 
to be written tiicre, und went back to Chicago by a friend was re- 
ccrred. Tbit letter bad been delayed one week, and the telegram 
wed the day before was sopposed to take its place. 

0€i. iO. A saw C and snowed biro a letter which Yerified the 
Miegraw and dkl nracb to throw off any snuMcion. This letter 
was written on paper from a New York hotel, and gave instnsc- 
tiom to go ahead^ 

When C saw the letter he said he would make it his business 
to get the women. He then telephoned to three places to make 
appoimaieDts for himself and A. 

0€L ir. C saki that he had tokl a woman on the West Side 
widi wiiom he had Uved two jrears to look oat for women in the 
 r jg bbnr hood who wanted to go to ChhuL He promised her a 
food present if she helped him. 

He also 'phoned to a friend on the South Side and gave him 

In the meantime, another letter had been sent from New York, 
saying that 9150 had been sent to pay for three women.* 

Oct. II, C was shown this letter, and said that he was on the 
job, and would keep on it until he got the women. Said he had 

to be Tery careful as the "fly mugs are looking out so d 

sharp for those things." He declared that he would go around 
that night 

Oct. /J. C said he had been around to a number of places 
the night before, and had talked to several women. He had made 
arrangements with two to call him up and make appointment to 
see A. 

One of the women was named Tantine. Both lived on the South 
Side. One weighs 135 lbs., the other IGO lbs. They are American 
girls, and good looking. They have signified their willingness to 
go to China. 

C also left word with seven men whom he knew on the South 
Side who have been in the business for years. One in particular 
has been living off of prostitution and pandering for 25 years. 
He is a great friend of C. This man said he would be able to 
get the women within a few days. 

All of the men were given to understand there was money in 
it, and they are all anxious to make it. 

Oct, 14. Afternoon. C received two messages, one from a 
man on the South Side, who said he had two women, and would 
bring them to the saloon that night, if possible. The other message 
was from a man who asked if a French woman would do to go to 


aouBCB or supply Ul 

China. The man would call up during the erenif^. Both nea 
are working to get the money. 

Oct. 14. Evening. About 11 'M P. M. D, about U jtan of 
age, 6 ft 7 inches, weighing about 150 lbs., came in salooo. He 
was one of the men who had called up during the aftemooo. He 
said that if the women were wanted for anv place in tiie Unted 
States he would send two of his own, as thej were not ■akof 
very much at present 

The two women who were expected did not come to the sakMa 
C telephoned to make another appointment 

D, the man mentioned above, verified Cs claim that it wis 
slow work getting women to go out of town, as the^ were watcbei 
closely by the impers of resorts. They are all m ddA and are 
not allowed to get out of it; the keepers do not want to lose 
the women, if they are good money getters^** 

In some instances, the keepers have girls arrested on a tnunped 
up charge, if they want to leave. If they pronise to stqr ^ 
charge is dismissed. 

D would not talk to A in the cafe, but foUowed him ootdoorv 
Said he did not want any of the others to see that be had an^ 
business transactions with him. He seemed to be afnid, bit 
anxious to make the money. 

Oct. 15. C said he had again spoken to his friends on fk 
South Side. They all told him they were on the job. ThewooBB 
he had spoken to, and who had signified her wiUingneas to go v 
China, had been drunk for three days. He wiU see her «fui 
when she sobers up. 

Oct. 16. C said that on account of the cadets and other mn 
as well as women who are watching the women it was goaf 
to take some time to set them. He thoiM;ht it would be bedff 
to make them believe uiey were going to Seattle, Washimloa, v 
California, and when they were out there, it wouki be easy toft 
them drunk and take them aboard the steamer. 

Oct. 17. C is growing impatient because his friends do sot 
act quicker. 

He went over to the South Side, to see one of Us frindk 
A said he thought the plan to take the women to Scatrif 
and then ship them to China, would be a good one. C SMd ti 
that could be done it would be easier. 

A met a "cadet" from the South Side, who said that he hi< « 
woman "hustling" for him and makes plenty of UMMnqr* TMi 
"cadet" did not say so in as many words, but gave A At 
impression that he would be willing to kx>k for womea to go «it 
of town. 

Oct. it. A went to the (Xns) saloon al (X718) Deaibort 

street Met D, an enteruiner, who saki he hr ' okcB lo a fid 

named Rose, about going into a house in C She taM * 

was willing to go. 

A then went to the (X714) cafe on (XTIS) avcan^ betvici 


I tocui. am. m cmuoo 

t MknriDf meo. all "cadeb," and several others n 
OBOKa eoald no* be learned, a£reed to grt women to go to China: 
O. D Mid D. 

O hat OMt waman or the South and one on the West Sitle. D 
M ibt elbar am know C 

' Oh, U. After tellinf C thai he would not lose anything, be 
• Am foDowing namn of two friends on the South Side 
) wovld help him get women : D, proprietiv of (X718), and 
D hu teveral vporting houK*. (XT19) could be found in 
,XT>0] taloon at (X721) avenue at 11 P. M. 
k Oet JO. A tpoke to D, an entertainer in (X72S) saloon, at 
(XTIS) Dearborn itreeL This waiter uid he would help A get 
wtnoi to go to Chma, if he would agree to take him and his 

LUtf hi the evening, D introduced A to a prostitute named 
AffMS <Xn4), alias Agnes (XTSS). had told her about the 
awi who was looking for women to go to China. Agnes is getting 
a divwic from her hoiband. She had no "cadet" at present, bal 
wfl have lo get one soon "to as to have police protection," ai 
•be said. 

While A was silting at the ubie with this woman, D, the enter- 
laiacr, toU her aa imifiaarjr itoty of the free way in which A 
ipcat anncy. He nid that one evening in ^n Francisco, 
whca ttii "g ener o u i man" was sitting in a cafe with the police 
coaaJMiaaer, the proprietor and one of the snpervisora, he htd 
par c l Ma r d afaoot 91,000 worth of wine, and had thrown (JW hi 
bdU to Iht csacrtaincn. He farther sUted that he had known his 
Irkad lor aevcnl jrears, and tlao knew about hb qiortbic boaK 

TMa Mory w inprctied the woman that (be was more eager 

Dmjm (be evenhif of the t9th, A went to the (X7M) cafe, 
at (Xnr) avcooe, oi which D is the proprietor, to see D, whose 
aaaw bad been given him bj C* 

A ashed D if D was in his pfaKe, saying he had been sent by 
C D fcpUed that be dioagfal D was oat of town. He then aaktd 
U be waaled to see D on any partictilar bntntess. A then toM D 
dM W was kMkhig for women to go into a qtorting house in 
Oha, At this D bccante very confidential, and tud that he 
caaU get two women for thia parpose, the price to be fixed later. 
Ha thn l a tr oda c ed A to several men about the sahxm. One of 
*an was D, a "cadet" who had his woman "hnitling" on SBnd 
akaM. D said be woald be on the kxAout for women. A also 
ipate to a hoy ahoot 18, iriio is aa entertainer and "cadeL" He 
M^n C aad ow prafvictar of the sakww where C works. Ha 
wa alto wiBag to get womcfc. 

Wka A »M taanng, D iavited him to come again and rtpaatod 
Art ke caiM pt two maaa by tba omI of November. 

aonjBcn or supflt IB 

Nov? ij. D asked A when he ex p ected to fo to CUdi. A 
replied in a couple of weeks. D then sakl be woaU try to fet 
the women by that time. 

Nov. 20. D introduced A to a man named "Dt" a fmr 
saloon keeper. D said this man wouM fet some women to p to 

D also said that the man who was indicted by the Fedoil 
Grand Jury for importing women, and who jomped a tHM 
bond, would never have gotten into trouble, if he had listened to 
him. He (D) had offered to get him all the women he wanted far 
$100 each, but the man thou|^t he would be wise, and so he Mil 
some French "cadets" to France and im por te d the women. 

D went on to tell of his long experience in the business, aleid- 
ing over about 20 jrears. 'T am not a cadet nqradf," he nii 
"but I have gotten women for others a good many times, asd 
I can get you as many as you want, if you want to pay for it" 

He warned A not to talk as there were a lot of stool pv^ 

Nov. 26, A went to the (X787a) cafe, (X7t7b) street, eoner 
of (X727c) and (X727d) streets, and A mtrodnced htmsdf to 
tlie bartender, named D, as the proprietor of a sporting and fUi- 
bling house in Macao, China. The bartender said £ had t«o 
women "hustling," one in the rear room of this saloon, and sm 
in a house. He said he might take a notion to go to CUsi, 
and take his two women with him. He also stated that he eoii|i 
get other women to go. He declared that he was tired of tfaia 
town, that here was not much money here any more, and ke 
would like to go where a lot could be made. About tSHW P. K. 
on Nov. 27, 1910, D introduced A to a cadet^ named Dt, vho 
was in the saloon, and told him of the China proposition. 

D also has one woman "hustliMf ' in the rear room of thii n- 
loon, and another in a house on (X:727e) street He dedaredtt 
he was willing to take a woman to China. He pointed oat tkii 
woman to A. He further stated that he had had a few hndrti 
dollars, but lost it gambling a few days aga 

The record of above events, under the dates given, show befoad 1 
doubt the connection of these men with each otfier, and how cs^ ^ 
is to enter into negotiations for women to go to other states or for- 
eign countries for purposes of prostitution. 

If the Commission had desired to carry these transactions tott^ 
conclusion by the payment of the sums demanded there is no fsc*" 
tion but that all of the men above mentioned couM and would ^vt 
produced the "white sUves" for exporUtkMi. After consklentioB of 
the matter the Commisskm decided that masmndi as it was aot > 
prosecuting body sufficient evklence had been secured and the ivrcf 
^^ffi^tkm was dosed. 


it a young m Ji, averaging from eighteen to twenty-five years 
% who, after 1 ing served a short apprenticeship as a 'light- 

•ccoret a fla of girls and lives upon their earnings. He 
I better fimn the ordinary neiglil kxxI boy, wears an abundance 
ip Jcwdry* Md has usually cv ivatcd a limited amount of gen- 
ly dcoMtiior. Hb occupation of essional seduction." 
Cidct is the f»-bctwecn, he is the nt through whom bushiess 
bIhI toward his own woman, or t in which she works. 

k$ aflcr her when apprehended by the r, and either uses some 
il hilMoce in her behalf, or sees after her fine or bail. In many 
hi Is die lofver or "sweetheart," i by some power so attaches 

I to himself that she will never 1 ray him no matter if he has 
aad a h u s d her. This Strang pa lox often prevents justice 
Biled oot to this outcast of soi , r in many cases he can be 
ai oa|y oa her testimony. Often ''cadet" belongs to political 
■IIOMp aad cxchaoges shady work at the polls for protection 
wm hi power for tb "woman." Again, these "cadets" are often 
4 to dubs as prdfaninary boxc s and prixe fighters. 

II i gglialhn with these pane s, the investigator met sev- 

idctSt" who are also procurers when they have sufficient counge. 

mg tfacat "cMlcts" were the f< riog: 

(Xn§), alias (X^ , ho (X730) Ifadison street, in- 

jBU cad iBvcstu| lo one oi i women who had come from 
CTMa), DL S ibout M ] i of age. He has two other 


aoDBcaB or sotflt itt 

on the train and left her saying he was foing to buy a ticket He 
did not return. Two years ago, this same proenrer persuaded 
a girl to leave her home. The parents institiitcd a search tad 
(X732) grew afraid after he had Ihred widi her ior sefcral 
months. He left and went sooth to work on a farm to keep 
out of the way. 

(X738). Cadet and procurer. Is legally married to one woma 
who is "soliciting" for him. He has another woman m a hone 
of prostitution in Indiana. 

As above stated, many of the bartenders and waiters in sabom arc 

"cadets.** In fact a waiter or bartender is often r e quire d to htft 

women soliciting for drinks, the two po sit ions go hand m hand.' 


There are approximately 276 public dance halls in Chicago fHoch 
are rented periodically to so<alled pleasure ebbs and a o c i rtict or ve 
conducted by individuals. 

It has been possible during a brief investigation to observe coadi- 
tions in only nineteen of these dance haUs. Those investigated, hov- 
ever, are located in different sections of the dty, so that the iadi^fi 
indicate general conditions in places of this type. 

Many of these halls are frequented by minors, both girls and boTS, 
\and in some instances they are surounded by great temptatiom tad 
Idangers. Practically no effort is made by the managers to otecne 
the laws regarding the sale of liquor to these minors. Nor if the 
provision of the ordinance relating to the pre se nce of disr ep uta ble per- 
sons observed.* 

In nearly every hall visited, investigators have seen pcofesnooi! 
and semi-professional prostitutes. These girls and women openlj ande 
dates to go to nearby hotels or assignation rooms after the daaot I> 
some instances they were accompanied by their cadets who were cos* 
tinually on the lookout for new vkrtims. Young boys come to tiKse 
dances for the express purpose of "picking up" young giris wiA wbofl 
they can take liberties in hotels, rooms or hallways of their bonei j 

The following are typkal instances illustrative of these oouXtiam: 
^^pt' 3' (X744a) hall, comer (X745) and (X74«) streets. O 


r^J^^^^^ ^I> The Social Evil and The Saloon. Also Chaplcr I, V0bH 
(^dibont in Chicaga _^ 

X^II-!wc.^' Of dioances rcgaktiiif Daoee HaB% sot Afpiiicis JM^TOr 

 Tim lOaAl. Km. IM CKICAOO 

ditkm ben were bad. A number of young girls were fn the 
Wranr drinking with fellow* between dances. Investigator met 
girl wttQ uid ihe wu 17 years of age this month. He danced 
with three dtSerent girli, two of whom proposed going to a 
boCrl if he had the money, the tliird ^irl said they could get 
• room on West Madtson street. Beer is sold in the dance hatl 
for IS cents per bottle. 

Stft. 4. (X746a) hall. West Madison street Saloon under 
dRBCC halL Condiliom bad. One girl was quite drunk. She 
tflerwarda came dowa from the dance hall and entered the rear 
nam of tbe nleoa. Imtstigator saw girl named Violet drinking 
War in dance hall, dHnln were sent up 10 the hall from the saloon 
Mow bjr dnmb waiter. Another girl by name of Rosie also left the 
dance nil and came to the rear room of saloon, ftosic said she 
•as IB jvars old, Violet lald *he wu 19. 

Stft. MO. (X74Sb) hall. North Clark street. Investigator 
CDOBted SI girl*' Some appeared to be 16 or 19 years of age. 
lavotiplor met one girt who gave the name of Marcella (X74<^) 

I Mid that ihe worked in the basement of department store. 

colla said her salary was $(i per week, out of this she pays 
(3 for meali inrl fZ room rent, besides 110 cents carfare. She 
"hti-'V; ■'■■fr inL:hts a week for extra money to pay (or wash- 
irr tlirr things. She told investigator that she can 

be fomtd iD rear nxxn of nlooa 00 North dark street She b 
about N yean old. 

AnoAer girl who said her name wa* Fifie danned to be mar- 
rfad to a raao who was at the dance. The fatuband knew hit 
wife aoB ci te d other men and was aatisBcd if she brought borae 
* ' *' ' "went for charity be woald beat her up." 

d be wu «ne of her iteadi 

When (be married this man two yean ago she was a street walker, 
' * idy felfcws. 

. . . -olidted by two other girt*, Beuie and 

Ptaaide, who aaid tbey woald go to any of the rooms In booaci 
Mtftr or to (XT4r) North Clark ttr«ct 

Om giff eaued Vtolet was partially intoxicated, she woald oat 
dncc bnt M at «ae of the tablet drinldng beer with different 
■en. She h abont 10, and looked like a professioiial pniitittrtc. 
The fcM raomeoataiu aboot M taUea, and three waitera are im 
altaidaace. Beer was II cents per bottle, or B cents per ^ass. 
Hen b a regnlar bar in the firant of the hall with two doon 
' [tok. 

■flHth dancing b not allowed, bat the bngoagc need b eoarse 
mi M of oattn. A Mow called Jade said he was living with a 
Mr Uonde, anoibcr boasted to invcsttoator tint he was a cadet. 
2l nefflr worhed. 

S*tt.ll. (XTMd) ban, WcUs street Conditioaa good. AhMl 
MCorl^MM did not Vpcnr to be over II years of age. Nf 
fWCT adioni aBowcdi No llnacr sold a halL No mokiag sp 
Ibwm M^ Ml fMnig raonk Tat gtrit do not go onl with teMows> 


aouBcn OF sumr VN 

Several told inrestigator this was the most decent danoe haD ia 
that section of the city. It had a bad name three Years afo. (in- 
vestigator met one girl whom he knew to be a professiottalpfosti- 
tute from saloon on North Clark street He danced with ber, 
and she asked him not to let on that he knew what she was is 
everybody in the hall thought she was decent She offered to fo \ 
to hotel. j 

Sept. 17. (746e) hall, West North avenoe. Only two woma 
were seen whom investigator knew to be profesMooal prostitato. 
One, named Bebe, said she was from a boose 00 Nortii Clark 
street. She would not give the number, as the house was posi- 
tively private, but said if she was given $5 to show that everytliiB{ 
was O. K. she would take him to the house after the dance. 

Sept. 21. (X746f ) hall on North Oark street Coonted IS^ 
girls and women from 17 to 30 3rears of age. Dance hall is oa 
third floor, with two stairways leading down to second floor* 
where there is a bar. On this floor are tables whidi ar^ 
crowded with girls drinking with fellows, be t ween the danm 
Dances are conducted here every night and 00 Sonda^ The haC3 
has a bad reputation and a man can "ptdc op" a girl any tioK^-- 
Investigator talked with the following girls who were all driok —  

Violet works in department store, salary $5 per week. Wa=— 
seducecl and left home. Baby died and she ''solictts'' on die sklff-^i 
to support herself. Is 19 years of age, bom and raised in (X748)^ 
Rooms on North Clark street, but would not give nunU)er. 

Rosie, 20 years old. Bom in C ago. Lives with felknr 
hotel, and "solicits" for him. Will go my place with fellows. 

Bessie, 20 years old, works in dejmrtment store. Salary 
per week, and "solicits" on the side. Left home on account of 
mother. Rooms with chum. Will go any place with fdlows. 

Mag, 18 years old. Works in department store. SaJary tSi^^ 
per week. Tells parents she receives more. Helps support psreafc:^ 
and "solicits" at dances for spending money. Father is siddy. 

Investigator met three professional prostitutes from safeon, t 
two from another saloon. These wo n were seekiiy bosaictt. 

A woman conducting a fumished roi m house on North La ^ 
street told investigator that most of the girls at this dance 
downtown and roomed along North (!lark street* and "solkHaV^' 
at night. 

Sept. 24. (X748a) hall, Milwaukee avenue. Cooditfcm bir. 
Bar in connection on same floor. Tables all around danoe haBt 
and in balcony. Five waiters. Boys a«d girls are kept very 
orderly. About SOO girls. Investigator talked with UkmH 

LilHe, 19 years old, works in department store, salary U V^ 
week. Will go out for a "good time"*; but win not take my 
nHMey. Her friend gave her a bracelet last week. He is a dcrk 
w the same store. 

Gertjr. U yean old Worki in department store, lalary Sfl ptr 
~wk. Hu two tteaity fellows, who go to see her tvtry week, 

4 ghrt htr V2 each. They take her to a room downtown, but 

e £ll not kttow the name of the place. She lives at home with 
Ota. and wt>en ihe goes out she tells them that she froes to j 
ihow with a girl friend. 

Alide from tbc above, iiiTesIigalor met a number of ^rl* (roin 
(Xf4f) department store, who were with their steady fellows. 
One of tbem named Violet offered to make a "dale" with inves- 
tifator, if he knew of > pl*c' to take her. All she wanted was the 
prkc of a mQc waist. Several other girls wanted investigator to 
take tbem to iJtowt or dance*. 

Seft. 19. {Xr4»a). Dance hall on 3Isl street. Regular bar. 
tjidia drinking parlor next to dance hall. Six colored waiters. 
A mixed crowd, but a large proportion are "sporting" women. 
AboMl too girls, ages from 17 to 35. Investigator talked with fol- 

Hin (XTSO). Trained nurac, but she cannot fland the work, 
hcCMM of a recent operation. She hat a few friends who help 
kcr oat, and as soon as she can earn enough to buy some good 
ckitSr<. ^he exprirtf to gt> home. 

r,!Tl in- n.iriri, IS yrar^ oVV Room* on Eiait .TIM (ireet. 
Sud abc wanted to get drank became her fellow, a iinger, wbom 
Ac had been going with aa the "only girl," had turned ner down, 
"Ak dkhil care wlnt happened to ner." If investigator wanted 
her ake 'SronM go any pbce, it didn't make any ditference." 
Laler tWa girt wis icen to leave the hall with a yonng man. 

Aaqr, 10 yews old. Liret on Eaat Slat street She would go 
aii^ bat not that niglit, aa ber steady fellow was with her. He ti 
a *r w t cv con d tK to f. and keeps her. Had just given her a new 
hi Int. wUch had coat tM, and is going to buy her a new winter 
COM after pay dav. She called him (X761). Amy was a cashier 
hi a w CawaM downtown until she tnet him. Tne only restoa 
she grnt wkb anyone else is to get a little nwre spending money. 

Sorie to a drwimaker. Said she was the only member of the 
bafly wbo was "sporty." The reason why she goes out is be- 
cane If ske stay* at home, she wonM be sewing and when she 
vorkad \^ pa mt her eyes hurt so that she started to going ts 
Mi dMEC tnlL She took her fint drink in this plae«, and flnaOy 
WMt oat wkb a fdkiw who offered ber tS. When she mw ihe 
oenld aaht mooey k> easily, she made up her mind it wu better , 
foioinff her eyes and bealtii by sewing. She "learned it al 
a haU," and now she likes ber beer, and driidn 


TmUm. Livta oa South Park avenue. Tantine to leanihig M 

Sbt eooiea to the dance with a man wbo drives a grocery 

Ht to good to ber, takes ber to shows, bays her uiuuA 

I act do. H« Ids her she eoaM mdn a lot of nMas^ 

"broke." Said she had gone out with fcUowi before 
and her folks were going to send her away. So 
with a fellow. This nun wanted her to "get c 
for him," so she thought if she was going to do 
she would keep all she earned herself, lo she "qui 
whom she called Jim. Rosie laid she was SO ytar 
is very good tooking. 

Emma. A professkmal prostitute, stays at 
The dance on October 8th on comer of (XTU) ilk 
line, was given by the (X7M)chib. Mr. (XTU) but tb 
The bar is located at the back of the hall. There i 
lenders and drinks were sold to 'Hadies" at the tablet a 
and in the balcony. There were nine waiters. Beer 
6 cent* per glass, IS cents per pint bottle, wbtikey 15 
There were about 400 wtmien and girls in the hall. 
girls were from 7 to IS years of age, and they mnaii 
H., when investigator left the dance. 

During the evening the investintor met 6 prafesaio 
froni the 82nd street district. He also met three t 
names of Jack (X757) and (XTS8) and (XTASa) widi 
and Mag. While dancing with these girls, they told in' 
these men were their "lovers," and did not work. 
Investigator _aIso met the following girls: 

W na tocuL bvu, m chicaoo  

iMK CTBung, October SUl lov^slfgator entered this hmll after 1 
A. U when be left the duKc at the (X770). The dance was beine 
rwnbjrthe (X77I) and (X772) Union. 

Ttc btr iru al the end of the hall and tables were placed all 
■wri the room. There were S bartenders, 4 helpers and invest!- 
ptoconud 13 waiters. He ettlnuted the number of women pres- 
M to he no ; umI al leut one-third were either intoxicated or parti/ 
n T«a women were put out of the hall for using vulgar language 
■d ilvtinc t^U. 

liKMipUr cminted XO professiona] prostitutes from the 2?nd 
MM iiukt, aiMj other districts. One of the prostitutes frequents 
(XITl) Kloeo. She told investigator that she was there with a fellow 
vhoB At had Hcept up" for a year. She had just bought him a 
■■RiL Thb couple had  quarrel during the dance on account of 
■Xbcr girl. 

SsBM of the prb present were as young as 10. A man by the 
■at of (X774), laid that many of the girls were sporting, "and 
■htduKc wa* as bad as the First Ward Ball in some ways." 

bnttigator met two girls who work in (X776) department store. 
TiOt girls "solicit" every night in one of the saloons in the iSai 
•rWdiitriet. One by the name of (XT7fl>, has a man by the name 
•f (Xrr7) whom (he keeps. They have a furnished room at (X7T8) 
fw lad (XTn) avenue. 

(XTM) hall, comer of (X781) and (X788) streets. Hall rented 
V 1X783). who is manager for the woman who owns the placb 
(Kiln manages the saloon downstairs, (X784) street. On the ni^ 
of October I&th there was a (X78ft) dance in this hall. 

btniigalor met one girl who said she was not working any mor^ 
*• the had a few "good fellows" who gave her money. She goes 
ieilM tX7B«) hotel on <X787) and (X788) avenue. The men she 
(W witli give her as much as they want to. The room rent ii •• 

brtttigator ettitnated that there were ZOO women and girls, moil 
otvhoni were (X7S9), in the ball. Some of the girls appeared M 
Wibosi 16 years of a^. The girls were drinking freely and wbea j 
M bft the lull, he noltced several who were intoxicated. | 

fXTM). iKar (X7»I) street on (X798) avemic. The dance girn 
« October 4th in thu hall was quite respectable. There were about 
H girtt and women from 17 to 3S years old present. InvesliKstcf 
wd to fotir girls who work al (X793) department store. A mm 
fa th> hall laid that the crowd that came in this hall was very teiti. 
•4 had bees for (wo van. No drinks were sold in the hall, the 
■ar m Mloon ia at (X7M) street and (X79S) avenue. 

(XTM) ban. CoTTMr (X7ft7) avenue and (Xr9fl> street. Tbt 
Met hill b over a aakson. Tht entire building la owned bf 1^ 
fXTff) farcwing coaqMny. (X800) is the reprtaentalivc of tUi 

aouBcn or sumr 


conii>any, and manages the saloon and dance hall, the latter is rol^ 
out at different times to organizations and pkasure dobs. T^ 
charge for the hall is $26 ] t. 

The dance on October 15th is conducted by the (X801) dik 
The bar was in a room at the < of the hall. 

The investigator < t conditions on this partidhi 

night were disgraceful, ii v v about 116 girls present iroa 
15 to 23 years of age, and m f ot t em seemed to Tie with od 
other in being "tough." i i of i girls said that a decent fpi 
would not go to this hall. . ir saw 9 professional pt O itiU i t 

whom he had previously seen %» investigating conditions in th 
West Madison street district The < ails co nn ected witfi this pai 
ticular dance are too vile to appear m print 

Investigator danced with one of the girls who was partiodvl 
vulgar, and she said she would go to a room in the (X80S) hole 
(X803) avenue. The room would cost 50 cents. This girl had 
girl friend with her. Both came from St Louis. Their parents diii 
they are working in Chicago. They ''solicit" at (X804) and (XM 
saloon (X806) avenue. 

Investigator also danced with four other girls who frcqoent th 
saloon. In addition he met a number of giiis who work as waitressi 
in downtown restaurants, the following information was given by tf 


Jennie. 19 years old. Said her own brother was tiie canse of h 
donwfall. She got into trouble and left her home in (X807). Can 
to Giicago and lived with an old man and his wife on t6th strei 
until she had a baby. It died the same day it was bom. She k 
the old man eight months ago, and now works in one of (XM 
hmch rooms and "solicits at night" She said she wouM go to tl 
(X809) hotel for $1.00, room rent 50 cents. 

Mag. Said she was 21 : irs old. Came from (X810), Kci 
tucky, two years ago. Co 1 1 < mough money waitiqg on tak 

to pay expenses. Finallv snc a leliow who took her out boog 
her some clothes, gave ner y j not k>n£ afterward they toi 

a room together. He left her ; ow tending bar ''on the liBi 

She then went "on the turf lur i money." 

Investigator estimated that there were three boys to every gi 
He asked different boys why the fellows didn't dance more. Ths 

told him that the boys come to the dance to get a girl to ffo hoi 

With. . • • • 

^ There were quite a number of boys under age who weie served wi 
brinks at the bar, 19 of them could not have been over 18 years • 

,. (X^ll)f comer (X812) and (X813) streets. The dance haO is c 
U|« second floor with a bslcony surrounding it The b«r b in t* 
^^t end and nearby two rooms filled with tables i I chairs. 

imt ueuL tm. u cbicaoo 


Tbc o^uei of the building b (X814). He alio owni the U 
00 «fc* C"ouiid floor. The rear room o( this uloon ii filled with sci 
cloMo in H flat no one can sec those at the tablet. Prottit 
toBci**n^ ^j„ the ftrcct freqiieitt this rear room. In addition lonx 
the gifla 4«-ho attend the dance on the floor above come here, lome ' 
•IK* •***»« withoyt e»cort». 

fXBlft) (s ihc nanager for tltc dance hall. He lives witt 
pri i^nutfti (XSlBa). who acts as his cashier. 

I****^«^»loe recogntxed a number of ^rU from the South S 
«lkO" »« knew to be professional prostitutes. 

Til* •«r(« p ercent a ge of the girts at the dance Octohcr 10th v 
—^"'^ ifld would go out for money. Others go with boys 
I tber like, 
"qnlor declares that a great many o( tite girls at the di 
My under age. They all were served with drinks. S 
-, ~_^icated, and had to be carried out of the room. 

O"^ Virt icknowicdged to a doctor, wlio was with the investigi 

O^ ^*^ had syphilis, but did not have enough money to have it ttti 

SWP Ouatd oal three other girls in the same condition, and said 

*^T *(re others who were riiscucd. 

^^*Tng the evening quite a mimber of the girls were seen to gi 

^ vXsiS) and (XSU) cafes. Afterwards, between IS and 1:3( 

^VfWigatot crtunied U eoiiples enter (X818) hotel, He had i 

J^^cwiplM at the dance earlier in the night. Hotel (XSI9) 

^^1 hotel, both assignation places, are in this neighborhood. 

^(JfjCSIl) hall, (X822) 85th street. On the evening of October 

^^^nling lo the investigator's estimate, there were about 125 { 

t^^* women at the dance. The ages were from 16 to S5. Investig 

iJ^^d with 5 girls whom he knew to be professional prostitutes; 

fr j^ a flat on the corner of (X883) street and (XSZ4) avenue, 

S^^ a flat on (X8S5) avenue, and two who said they were from ) 

^\«l) near (Xfl2r) avenue on the (XMfl) side of the street. 

f»..*n»tfligator talked with i girls from (X820) store and with 

*^^m (XS30) department store. 

^Dne o( the girls showed investigator a comb 

hich (XMi) f 

She further said that she goes out with (X831) two ai| 

r^ya week and be ukes her to the (X933) holrl, (X834) street 

"^^CgJJ) avenue. She ofl'ercd to make a date with investigator. 
■^^"Thc other girls also offered to make dates. One said she h» 
i^^ftadv friends, one of whom has a private room with a friend wl 
0^^ keeps for the purpose of taking girls. This room she said 
^^^ (XSM) street near <XS37) avenue, but she would not give 

, ^^ InvcMigator talked with another girl whom be had met i* 
^^*r raom of {XS39) satoon on (XM9) avenue, near (XMO) III 
^*^ < ifae bad solicited him. He asked her if she was itiU liviof s 
^^-T "taAeL" She replied that she was but he had gone to MJlnwi 
I ^^^ a few days and had uken nearly all of her money. 


MTOcn or 8umT 191 

The majority of the girls at the dance oo tbb pftrtknlar trtmai 
were from 16 to 20 years of age, and many of them were rery good 


The conditions in this hall appeared to be so revolting that it was 
determined to send another inyestigator of entirely diffefcnt type to 
verify the other's report This was done on October SSrd. The 
following is his condensed report, substantiating the former lofcstijfi- 


(X841) hall, (X848) 36th street On second floor. Benches atac 
the room. Extreme left is a stairway leading to the rear room of the 
saloon on the ground floor. Girls rnxn the dance hall min|^ wHi 
immoral women who solicit in this rear room. 

The charge for admittance to the dance hall is t5 cents, with 10 
cents extra for wardrobe check. 

A large number of the girls were quite young. Investigators taODRl 
with two who were 15 years of age. Many appeared to be froa 1( 
to 18 years of age. 

The language used by the girls and their men aoquaintanccs is m- 
printable. Investigator talked with several of the girls. Amoqg Ako^ 
the following: 

Rosie. Sixteen years old. Said she had no home. All she pos^- 
sessed was the clothes she wore. At one time she was in a house o^ 
prostitution, but was not allowed to stay because she appeared to 
so young. 

Girl, Name not secured. Said she had been to a hotel all 
previous Saturday nights. She was going home on this partic 
ing, but would go out for all night the folkming Wedn^day, if 
vestigator would come to the dance hall and get her. She said 
many of the fellows who come to this dance hall go out with 
"The fellows and girls are always changing off." Sk does not 
money but the fellows buy her breakfasts. She works in the (XMla.^* 

This dance hall is owned by (X843), and his manager is (X84ft ^- 
(X845) also owns the (X846) hall, (X847), the manager of cl»^ 
(X848), lives with a girl called (X849), who solkits in (XS30) c&<^' 
Her parents live at (X851) street, between (X852) and (X8S3# 

(X854), (X855) North Dark street In 1900 (X856), a 
driver, opened this hall under the name of (X857). In 1906 the 
was changed to the (X858). 

One of the worst features of this dance hall b the nrnnbcr of . 
fessional prostitutes and cadets who come to the dances. It is 
timated that 75 per cent of the girls who come here on 
nights are prostitutes. An innocent girl is in great daoger Car 
cadets are constantly on the lookout for them. 
. On Saturday and Sunday night the attendance is about 900. 
Prls are from 17 to 85 years of age. Many of the girls arc 
2[^sses, house maids, and clerks in department stores. They are 
Charity," as they do not charge for their senrkes. 

The danet haJI b on ttw Srd floor of the baOdinf. Tk afc 

'~ ii CB the floor below. Then b » private vine nam «i M 

w. fa which (Xan) cotcrtiiM gjrtt wtam be Iim taftn  te 

I«l off of IkH man b wolher ^ivtt nan Iwriiliii 1m m 

•Kftrteiiid^fi^icsMk IliiaMatiritlBC(XMt)hMMii« 

I, and wMT "ptckH np" by j 

*« plwc for tlioi pufpoM, Thrre ir« « few~i.. ..^ .. 

AcricaKy. Om ii the (X8G1) on IhecorKroMXMS) uii (IM 

AncMf ttK cadctt icra here wa* Robert <XM4). wb» at JNntf 
■i*ii^ at tbe (XH9) hotel with a prX called "Jcuie" (XM). Tl 
C<rl a a proMiddc in a houe at (XM7) avcnac. 

I itrect This daacr hall b the HHt a 
t » to Chicago what the Hi^M* 

^. ^- .„_ _„_ .. r •* p'^ta here in order to dSUmi 

JgH> Hk flter dance halU described above on the propodtiMI A 
l^^at of Ibn are to all intmt^ and piiT;vKr5 juM j; rrudl a pi 

jf^^ OH^ d ig gtacc ia tbat no respectable firi enters (XB«), nnle 
!**w a Acre bv aBhr and tho u rt lk aa people, who want to tbow tl 
'aoftMo^* Evcrjr pri who f rapi 

► Cirl a a praatiUdc in a hove at (X8> 
(XM»y ban, (XMO) »nd itrect 
.^ioM Btaoe in Cbkaffo. la fact k ii 
• to New Yoffc. A description is g 

^__«i*B for 

nianafcn and then to peranade U 
to a hold or to their own lata. One of the ralea of this place 
a firi b l ap p Bi t d to aafce each man apcad at teaat 40 ccnti ft 

of idwiiainn to men b U cents, m additioa to a t^ < 

V*hc Innifii in which tbb haU b tocatcd b owned by (XtTl), wl 
^h«a ft to a CBBAiaaHiMi like the foUowioff: 

^Xtfl). (X»n), owner of (be (X874) cafe, and one other pa 
— I, wbn b aaU to be a rqircaentattvc of (X«TS}. (X87«) acts i 
t for tbb triOb 

Tbm a 

p«M the baakct and tlie collectioa goes to bd 
The tfaitcn are paid 110 per a 
train thi   

r a aoafc an or cheatra in the bakoajr bcfina to play, and tl 
^^ K^nw BT ioni ia codpica and danoe* 
^ T he riria an Tcry a omai ie, and do not wait for an invitalbi 
^^Vikivwa m the tadn, aad a* pointed oat above, order a nm 
•• *h to tta l eotia nelm tbn « cantt. ^ 

, ^W tdKti drWn bfOMcht to die praetitiitet art rourtifffiiL ri 

^■■Am* Mm cM OfriHB a 'V fbfcr ale hi^ibalL Tbb b eobri 
*^<W<a h lirilillna of tfab Kk. The coat b pnfaaUr Ich Ha 
* «i^ h« ttt vfctfM *■!■ H or M CMb for It 


IXI**) iTCMK md (XnS) (ITML Two months ■ftw At h|M i 
Uti^ ibe was tnfMcd, and was cofiiincd in the OMk C oMl y Hi 

flui l^ar two werics. She has toliatcd in {X930), a mIom €■ I 

a««- «f (XMl) aod (XS») stmt*. 

"•"he (XS33). About SI yan of a^e. Her panMi Hn it I 
(%»4) hotel al promt. She wat married at on« ikm l» (XM 
^ <«<canri a ilnortt because he was  pervert. 

>*««r (XfM). Solicits in {X93T) and (X9N). 9h !■ ik 
1* Y«an of age Sbt lires with (Xfi39), a saleHMS far (XM 
""nWiM corner of (XMl) and (X9iZ) Utftu. Hk mkrj b « 
P*' wttk. He first met her at the (X943) iiall, «h«l ^ Marf 
2^*«» when she first came to the city. They liw it Ite (XM 
~*vl or «ala at (XHS) avenue and (XM6) ItrMt MiflM 

■ijf'iy (XMTa). CoTTcct name is (X94»). home to (XNt), 00 
fif^tt M Uvc tbere. Told investigator -.he wa« W JMitl OH. Si 
^^Vn>, IMWri of (XB«8). imtrucled her to tdl W Cf ytoJj d 
^^ ll 19, md mat if he ever found out that she told njMH ber Hg 
2^^ ibe snwld be put out and he would "beat her Wf baUe." Mil 
^^^B alia tdd tnvesiigjtpr lh»t ^he (Mac) was ooly U. She W 
*^ that Mag would be g"^"'"! '"'" fo"*'!' so«i. Ha< laid i 
?^^ KBdiaff moon home u her pamrta needed it Her lather ii 
"^■karOM mi£ She hu two aiatera. 

^•m^h» (XMS). About Iff Tcan of »tt. U a Monde. Has been 

_  far tlN«e years. Beeo aolidtiac in f X953) for six montl 

B ikcB at (XffH) Wabash avemte. Flat <X9B5). Quite a mn 

' of proMlllei live to this Sat She pa]rs four dollars per we 

„J^ iBttort partnli tin to (Xff56). She weirt home last lunrnicr, ai 
^^4 hv parents ihe was mar ried and had a "rich hnshand." 

 she was li jcars of age she met a man named (X9B7), wl 

f her, and on the strcncth of thb promiie sedtw 

He tocA her to (X9M), WTomii 

^^■■H to aarrT her, at 
^^. Thnr tkca planned tn 
^^M pi« far to a spoctfaiff 

«M faMovrtog is given i 

--iBwtog is given to practically her own words: 
1 was a little mutt, dwn, and I did not know where I wi 
Tkt faadadr }ait asked ray name and how old I was. I told b 
IC Sha aaM I knkcd it You bet I did. I wore my hair b 
braMt aad it was parted to the center flat on my head. I al 
won rinrt sUrts. It was a pretty home, and the madame ti 
■a to Bl» ap to my room. She asked how I came to knc 
(Xm), a^ I toU her be was my bnsband. I did not sac h 
ipiB «i«B tola that dgbt In a short while the toadtody call 
■a 4amu from aqr room and introdwcd me to aa ddeny gi 
itmm, aadloUmatognaptomy room with him. I toU b 
1 Mi Ml vsnt to go ap to my room wldi any one but my to 
ttmi. 8be a^ that nan was gotog to give me i whole lot 
«Mi7, tf I iMi want op to my room with btoL I InaUy teU 

aouBcn CMP mnvLt 19? 

to go up with him. He asked me if I wanted tone wine. I 
told him no. Then the landlady called me aside and said 'Ordtf 
it anyway, and if yon can't drink it. why dttdi it' Wben vt 
got up to my room, I said, Tes, 111 have some wine, and ditdi k.' 
He started to laugh, and called the landhdy np and toU her wbaH 
I had said. The landlady laughed and said, 'She is only a littk 
rum, don't mind her.' He then explained to me that ditdi i 
meant to throw it away, when he was not looking. 

After talking for a short while, he said it was ahoot tioK ^ 
he made me work. I asked what he meant, and he said, Take 
your clothes off, and 111 show you.' I felt l^ghly insnlted tfi 
told him sa He then told me where I was, amd what I was ip 
against, and I started to cry. He then fave me $50 and told ne 
to go home to my mother, cause he said that was where I k* 

I did not see anybody else that day, and late Aat n^glit (XIST) 
came back and told me that he alrndy was married and Ik hid 
a child. He said that he was going to (X961) to get a difoite 
and then marry me. At the same time he took me tfO swif 
from me. 

I was onl^ here one day, because the next day I met s Maif 
who was gomg to (X962), and he asked me to go along. I con- 
sented and went with him. I lired with him for nearly s year. 
He was the second fellow I ever stayed with. (X967) scwj 
violated me. He forced me, and I was going to tell my mollKr 
only he promised to marry me. No^ I did not like hin so nsj 

While in (X964) city, I had a quarrel with my fellow, aad 
left him. I took the train for (X966), becanse I had heard so 
much about it. I "hustled" there for about a week, whea I ^ 
(X966), a very prominent doctor of (X965). He was a 9V 
ried man, and he put me up in a swell hotel and gave mc aS 
the money I needed ; he only came to see me about three tioMi a 
week. All went well for about a month until one dav I was a^ 
rested by the chief of police himself. He took me mto Ui rf- 
fice, and showed me a picture of mjrself which my father 0^ 
mother had sent him in order to locate me. I denied that I ^ 
Tantine and said I did not have any parents and that I tmm &o* 
(X968). He then asked me to name a few of the prioqpil 
streets of (X968) and I was stuck. I toM him I ooold notre 
member them now, as I was not there very long, as I spent wfBii 
of my life in (X968). He asked me about (X968), and I fot 
away with that all right. I then told him that that pictnre oobM 
not be of me as I was much older. I did age fearful^ af^ 
that. I look much older than 19, don't I ? He talked torn for 
tbout two hours, and I bulled him, and he finally let roe ga 

Everything was all right until one day I ran into a Ukf^ 
from home who also knew (X966). He promised to take 9t ^ 



_D and I ilKiilnJ lo go with him. He then wrote to fXOTS). 
who wM in (X9Ti) al the ttm« with hti wife and child. When wr 
vrmA in Chkafo mj friend put me in (X9TS) house. (X9T6) 
D tt rtwrw itrm, Abotit i w»k later ( X9A7) and hit wife came xt 
Qiicafo. He came up to xee me and wanted me to live wiih 
Um. 1 bawled him out and Ihreateiied to turn him over to the 
police or kiTI htm, if I ever mw him again. That same day hit 
wife came ovtr to »ee me and »hc told tne that he did the same 
dmw to h*r. He ledtxcd her and wheii she had a baby her folki 
madi him marry brr. She Mid he was leading her and Hit 
dnid  dog'* life, but Uk ttuck for the child's sake. He was tht 
pretikal babjr I ever mw. I believe they are living jn (X9T8) 

I left (X97i) hoaie in about two months, and have bc«n in 
 lot of bouie*. I have been in places where they graft, almost 
hold yoo up. I have hustled on the street. Yes. 1 used to pay 
lou of protection money to policemen. But I got wise in time. 
If they threaten lo pittich me, why I uy. go ahead and pinch 
me, then they won't. No. you can't make any money hustUn| 
oa the ftrec! ■ln^- nmrr If ynu want In he in righl yOH hav« 
M lo ifirt half of what you mtke to the copper*. No, I never 
WHem amy of their namei, but I coald point them out to yta 
mtf ttec Hen, tber til graft There U not a policcmaa aroand 
km Hm/t docM^ boM oa girla tn>, aitd I know it from experience. 
Bat yoc ne ns firit who hare been around a lofi( tkne get wiac, 
•■4 thiT iliMi get a nickd out of nw tuy norc 

I flo hoMe at S M A. II. even momhig, and I don't huttle 
m^ plMi aay aaore bat here. I think I make more than anjr of 
IIh ffMa •rand here, and I don't q>cnd it on boocc Uke the rest 
•I iBHk Thrt'i why tfiejr never have anjihinf. I ntke on an 
■mfc of flW a wcdc That's pretty good, isn't iL WdL 
oat w to the honie some afternoon, and see roe. No, I don't 
Wn wn tm^bedj. It doat pay." 

^wjwnamm nf tkt Lmm md Ordinameu. On Jane 6, 1910, the 
■■■■M n(Mdn( bar pennita went into effect. Fran this data 
m Odofev n, 1919, the Department Itaued 1,107 bar penidts. Of 
m ^K^m I4IT were itsoed for places where dancat were to be 
h4 NoM of die smty bonds on whkh these pemtits have bcsa 

Aa m tOiiitlloa to Aa sla^r of Department Starts It nay be 
mtooM pwtfcnlar ilutlaa to tha tact that Ae pressnl tzoaomk 
^ ItoaMBiy coBMnOfla mmst wHcb iha pris onpioj^d in facMfH* 


80UBCE8 or 8UPPLT Itt 

and department stores live and work, has an effect on the oenroas 
forces of the girl in such a way as to render her much more SM U cyd b k. 
to prostitution. 

This is true as a basis. T he whole tendency of modem life, whid ^ 
places a gre ater s train on the nenrous system of both men and wcmkb 
of ail classes than^hasl^er been^placed at any time in die hismfnC 
the civilized world, cannot butlieTp, to a great extent, ocveiap coniid- 
erable eroticism. The scxuiJ senses ^o rtEcWainr ii"WgU U tte imr 
inal parts, are from the very nature of their natural functions, wm^ 
ceptable organisms and they will be die most readily "inBiiiencri Ig 
modes of life, and highly speeded modem life must stimulate these er 
ganisms. ^ 

It is a sound medical fact that practically the same condirioi b 
regard to stimulation of nerve cells exists at the point of extrcne c» 
haustion, where a person has a feeling of strength which ts unnatiirat 
and that point is usually reached after exceedingly hard and exacti^ 
labor, or at the point where high feeling, improper exerdse, and i 
considerable amount of alcohol can bring the nerves to a poiot ^ 
stimulation. That is t he expla nation_of_the fadt that people f tmt 
the economic explanation of prostitution from the fact that that m 
people of all classes of society addicted to immorafi^. 

It is unfortunate that it has t possibte to undertake a W 

investigation of hours of Ubor and r mtojof ,ng ypus strain g M 
by machinery and occupations w i binery is chiefly gup iofe i ail 
operated by women and girls. ~ 

Without this accurate economic data, it is practically hnpntiilf'* ^ 
established a firm foundation on which to deal with die sowed ^ 
vice in its various forms. 

This lack of data is supplied, to a degree, by the foOowiqg fM^ 
tions showing the effect of this nervous strain upon wori di g pMfi^ 
men, women and girls. 


'The effect of overwork on morals is closely related to the isJT 
to health. Laxity of moral fibre folkms physkal debiUty. Whtt * 
working day is so long that no time whatever is left for a niaiBi* 
of leisure or home life, relief from die strain of work is ao^l i> 
flcoholic stimulants and odier excesses.'' MaasadraacCts L^m^i^ 
Document House, 1866, Na 98. 

— _ ^ _ 

hit opens the door to other ifidul( res, trom which 
lie degeneracr of individuals, but the aeeeneracy of the 
K.) Rekti s Between Labor and Capital U. S. 

ad that the hard slavish overwork is dririnf those girts 
i^ after they leave the mi erenings ^ ^ ^ good re- 
hit they cone out so ti ^u and so thirsty and ex- 
froM worUflg along stead from hoar to hour and 
loadottt eflknrtt from the g e and other bgredients 
L* Tcsthnony of Robert Hi 1, Mulespinner in Fall 


attendant opon exces s i ve workii hours are shown 

d degeneration which resol i f r over fatigue. Laxity 

Mbirs physical debility. ^ t working day is so 

it ia left for a minimom of le re and recreatkNi, re- 

Irahi of work is often soi alcoholic stimulants, 

ica the moral breakdown to mental d^eneracy 

) ontnAL Loaa op icobal iBSTBAiirrs. 

It tittle donbt Aat woridnf 10 hours a day would be 

to heakh ai j of life than It hours 

«t wkhoot ei qw ion of health, no one 

tfdnk, to adfl »  i point of view, so en- 


effect of rendering them ignorant, prejudiced, addicted to coarx 
sensual indulgences, and susceptible of being led into mischief iftl 
vic^ence by any appeal to their passions or prejudices. With so few 
opportunities of mental culture, and of moral and religious tnUti 
it is surprising that there should be so many resp ect a ble and ikmm 
people among them. For the sake, therefore, of public monb, of 
bringing up an orderly population, and of giving the great body of tte 
people an enjoyment of life, it is much to be desired that in aO tnds 
some portion of every working day should be reserved for rest asi 
leisure." (Page 30.) British Sessional Papers. VoL XXII» 1841 Ic- 
ports of Inspectors of Factories. 

"Wherever you go ^ ^ ^ near the abodes of people who are ovtf- 

worked, you will always find the sign of the rum shop. DrisldK 

is most prevalent among working people where the hours of talor 

are long." The case for the Factory Acts. Edited by Mrs. Stej 

Webb. London, 1901. 

"If working long and irregular hours, accepting a bare 
wage and enduring insanitary conditkms tended to increase 
physical strength and industrial skill — if these conditaoos or 
lated industry even left unimpaired the woman's natural slock sf 
strength and skill — we might regard factory l^islatkm as incienit 
But as a matter of fact a whole century of evidence proves c3Kacll|rtk 
contrary. To have women's labor unr^;ulated by law OMans iK^ 
itably to leave it exposed to terribly deteriorating inflaenoes. Tk 
woman's lack of skill and lack of strength is made worse 1^ lad sf 
regulation. And there is still a further deterioration. Anyone who 
has read the evidence given in the various inquiries into the SvotiC 
System will have been struck by the invanaUe coincidence of a h* 
standard of regularity, sobriety and moraltity, with the oonditkoi ^ 
which women, under free competitkm are exposed." (P^ Ml.) 
Dangerous Trades. Thomas Oliver, MD., London. 1902. 
"On the morals of the workers there has been a marked efct" 
If working long and irregular hours, accepting a bare subwilwtt 
wage, and enduring insanitary conditions tended to increase wQflKa*i 
physical strength and industrial skill— if these conditions of unrqjohKA 
industry even left unimpaired the woman's natural stock of strci^ 
and skill — we might regard factory legislation as irrdevant Botn 
a matter of fact a whole century of evidence proves exactly te eor 
trary. To leave women's labor unregulated br law means ioefkito 
to leave it exposed to terribly detenorating influences. The wooMi* 
lack of skill and lack of strength is made worse by lack of rcgnlite 
And there is still a further deterioration. Any one who has read fc 
evidence given in the various inquiries into the Swentiog Sptm «i 
htve been struck by the invariable coincidence of a km staadvi of 
i^ltrity, sobriety and morality, with the cooditkms to which woaA 
OQder free competitkm, are exposed. (I^ t09-S10.) The Gw of 


dorj Adt. Edited by Mrs. Sidney Webb, London, Ricliards, 

b in factories are expected to Iceep up a certain 'pace/ while 
1^ and ten hoars of driving worlc at a hot pace are not to be 
tnd coodociTe to good health physically or to leave the worker 
for applying herself to educational improvement Dances 
will be the most attractive things to be indulged in after 

if tiie chance offer.** (Pages 33*84.) Charities and the G>m- 
Ifaidi 6, 1909. Vol. X5CI. No. 93. New York. The In- 
I En f ir onm en t of Pfttsburgh's Working Women. Elizabeth 
Iqr Botler, Former Secretary New Jersey Gmsumers' League. 
boqgh verjr many girls are brought here, innocently betrayed 
ilavery ri^ in its strictness and purports in its nature, the price 
I to tiie victim is only that of higher wages and better economic 
0M» tiie greater number of women who have already been 
aa imnoral life abroad, and who come to the United States 
h to eontinoe opeii-e3red oractices of their former life, come to 
higher wages, often oront ten times as great as they have re- 
in Enrope, though they are subject to their pimps, and have 
r no opport u nity to save for themselves, there is yet the op- 
ity for higher gains, a higher economic standard of living, an 
mity for travel and the interest of a new environment, and 
I at times a hope of real betterment of conditions. Page 6 — 
Document 196. 

t are many men who own large establishments, who pay wages 
simply drive women into prostitution. 

e of the girls who are most tempted, and who enter lives of pros- 
it work in the big department stores, surrounded by luxuries, 
an of them crave, and sell large quantities of those luxuries 
vage compensation of about 97.00 or 98.00 a week, and even 

subject is treated in the Pittsburg Survey under the head of 
Voman and the Trades," published by the Russell Sage Founda- 
On page 306, the writer said: 
ere the store is particular as to the mode of life of its em- 

array of clerical and office help, with no hope for 1 
dition. This results in creating a class in sodety 
burden the world with children whom they cannol 
cate, and fill society with homes where onljr the 
booKS which naturally will be more frequented 1 
lectors for furniture, than by happiness or any ( 
fortable thing. 


The girl in the department store is con f ronted n 
tions which are ever pressing harder upon her. 
is the procuress, the second the "cadet," and thin 
over her, who may even be the manager or the profii 

But in spite of these temptations h is ooly fair 
of these girls never fall before these allurtmeitts. 
on enduring and suffering to the end. 

It has been established after exhaustiTC study t 
possible for a worlcing girl in any large tky to Ihrc 
dollars per week, yet employers of these departm 
they pay on an average of from 96.00 to 97.00 per i 

This is all the girls are worth, they "«■■*■■■, 


Mr. Birry caDt attcoCioo to the work of a New York 
tfie niBtron of wludi is said to Bsve dedared ant 
of the giris who applied diere for refqfe, have entered a 
IB die gicatest tity in the couwlfy hecame of io- 
which do not aUow then to pay for food and lodg - 

Itr the heading "Pronts from Pkotlitiitioo in Chicago, in this 
inioB't report* attention tt caOed to the eandi^i of the sh 
of hontes of prottitntion firing as an average $t§M per week 
MdOO per annum, wUdi is nkra consfi' w atif e» This tt five 
it on tti/NIO.OO. The average wage paid in a department store 
M per week or 9900.00 per annom. This is fire per cent on 
JO. In other words a girl represents a capitaliaed vahie of 
0.00 as a professional prostitute* where brains* t iitu e and aH 
things are "nil*'' or more than four times as nmch as she it 
as a factor in the industrial and social econom y where brains 
(ence, rirtoe and womanly charm should be worth a premium.* 
s it surprise one in the face of these conditions that many weak, 
sd, nerrously exhausted ^rls realizing the financial profits from 
le of their virtue enter upon what they believe for the moment 
he "easiest way," only to experience finally its sad consequence, 
ormer salesgirl in a department store was seen in a fashionable 
bt restaurant She said that four weeks previous she had been 
1 08.00 per week. She enumerated different articles of clothing 
the was wearing, and gave the prices of each, including her hat 
)Cal amount came to over $200.00. Her eyes had been opened 
earning capacity in the "sporting** life by a man who laughed 
for wasting her good looks and physical charms behind a 
r for a boss who wm rrowinF rkh from h^* %erwice\. snd the 

The plain bltint facts Idl more fban pages of Aeoriaog oo tk 

Let us look for a moment at the results of the field investifstioa is 
undertaken by the Commisskm showing some of tfie nMthods used ii 
the stores, the wages now actually being paid amd then die nptm, 
forms of tem ptatkwis surrounding the gir ls. 


/. AppKcoHoH far Emptoymeni. The application blank which i 
prospective salesgirl must fill out usually contains blanks for a record 
of a girl's entire business experience, as well as educational qmli- 
fkattons, etc A study of these application blanks would be intcnsdj 
interesting if it were possible to obtain them. 

//. Rulis, These rules are usually very daborate and cover a wide 
field. One rule generally conspicuous calls attention of the tmfkjt 
to dress requirements. 

A case is on record where a girl actually purchased M shirt waistt 
in one year in order to "be. cleanly and neat in appearance, avoidivc 
extravagance and display," as required by the rules. Of cootk tk 
girl knew that $5.00 waists would last longer than 98 cent ones, aid 't 
would be economical to buy such waists, but in her case she aem 
could amass a sum like $5.00, so she purchased the 98 cent oaa» 
washed them once or twice and when they fell to pieces, threw thai 
away. No doubt other girls could do better, haviQg a ko ow l edi e of 
sewing and washing. Another washed her one waist every a%M; ii 
order to appear "cleanly and neat,** and avoid "extravagance and A- 


///. The Fining System. Another method used by oeitaia dcpart- 
ment stores under the guise of "maintaining discipUae" is the 
system. For every mistake an emptoye makes, for every 
they are late in their places, there is a regulated system of fiacs. That 
natural, and often unavoidable losses are watched and reooiMl I9i 
the amounts deducted from the weekly sahuy. 

ly. Wages PM. The informatkm given bdow was obtained fro* 
^e girls in the different stores by a woman who has worked 
^^>«n> for fifteen years and knew they were teUiqf ^ tmth. 

vm •ecuLBrn. im cbioaoo 

I f»yt  cnifcnn lak of waps, ainounting to tS.OO per 
10 all dcriu, lad titcj kUow In addition a percentage on goodi 
an aold in Ihc hoaie ai followi : 

•eUini for t2.48 15 o«nU 
•  4.98 25  
 -4.98 26 • 

Qkma "  .24 1 


n( uln intpcctors receive a straiglil ulary of M-00 and oldtr 
LOO per week. If a mistake U made by any of the clerks in inak< 
t laitt, they are charged 10 cents, an error ilip for thi* amomd 
Ml in igainft them. 

Lherilorr IX9H1). A girl in the china dcpaitmcnt receives $6.00 
A. Sbe haa been in the employ of this firm for a toK time. 
SMC ftjt t per cent over a certain amount of lalca for the 

Yeaa( impectora nceiTC 94.00 and older ftrls •4.10 to «S.M 

iNtalDR (Xm). A sales^rl without much experience recrivt^ 
icr week. Some are raised to C7.00 after a jrear or twa Tbqr 

« KMBf hdy wHIi Hme experience tlO.OO per week to work in 
laa dcpartmenL This is one of the moat dtScnll positiotti to 

• dtptrtment ttore, u a lalcsgirl must know how to display the 
m mO as the nuan of the different gr«des. 
of the girto in the hosiery department receives 96.00 per week; 
ttK hnrawarc depar tm e n l 96.00. Sonte girU in these different 
■eats fweive tT.M per wedt; one girl m the grocery depart- 
LM. A woman abotrt 4S year* of age in the gemral departtnenl 
fctm II M A. M. to 4 KM P. H. and receives 96.00 per wedL 
w dark works from lOKW A. M. to 8M P. M. and abo re- 
|lt9 per week. A girl has to be a very good sak s wotnan to 
R lb«i 96^10 ta this department store 

tt). TUs d^nrtmcnt store pays from 94.00 to 9S.00 per wtA 
r lid^ One of the raanagera ml a yoiuiff lady who Md had a 

■il of wpifiwct Alt they wooM not pay more than 96JW per 
pOMibh to fit a great many girls for 95.00. "Mflst 
I dodutd, ^ivc at botnc and only work for pin 

H). Thb dqMftroeat Hart will take new hdp on at tMI 
m, If Ihty km had any wperteac a. They pay yoang to- 
litM^tiMMd 9U0 per wock, and oMer ones UM ff 


week. Some of the older women are paid VM in sodi dcpartiKiis 
as suits* hats and coats. 

One of the girls in the hardware department of this store sajs ik 
went to dances two or three times a week, and was only w o r kim tor 
the holidays. When asked what she expected to do after tint, ik 
said, "I will get along aU right'' 

(X985) pays $6.00 per week to a great many of their salesladies 
Inspectors are receiving $3.00, $3.50 and $4.00 per week. One yovf 
lady was very bitter in her remarks, and said, If the folks who wot 
getting up the tag days would go into the department stores aad hdp 
the poorly paid girls they would be doing somic thin g woctii whie.* 

A manager ofa department in this store who htt charge of 10 gir!« 
said he knew that seven of them went to houses of 
certain nights of the week to earn extra money. 

One of the girb in the waist department saki she had to vask 
her waist at night, so as to have it clean for the next day, as it vai 
the only waist she had. 

A girl working in one of these department stores was foad ly 
a detective of the store in a sak)on. She toU the detective she hid a 
boy to take care of, and could not do it on the salary she reodfci 
which was $10.00 per week. She was discharged by die storey wd 
afterwards became a professkxial pro stitut e. 

Some of the girls in the suit, cloak and millinery 
as high at $16.00 per week, but few of then are assured of a 
nent position. 



As pointed out above, the girl in the < epartm e at store u snkjcdrf 
to certain temptatkxis to which some ; , and from which wmmf Is* 
These temptations appear in the foil qg guises: 

/. The Procuress, The wo who appev* before the p/h 
counter or in the wait roo ; 1 c nplimenCs her ob her |M< 
looks and bewails with ' t x which p r e f CMls her iM 

having the beautiful ck to ikh le is enlkkd aad te |»< 
times, because of her yt 11 ity. Too oftea the gM IMI 

and accepts the "elegant" 's uivitatkMi to come to her IH h^ 
dinner or to spend Sunday. 

One of these women did so appear before a youqg girl aai M •* 
^ite her to her 'n>eautiful flat,** m fact she was cowtiwnally 

se onif eounier m one ot tne dcpannwnt stores. Une 
be firl to risit her home, saying that her husband was 
I accepted this boipitalit/, and afterward went to live 

." Thb bojr or man inajr be teen any evening near 
t of dqwrtmeot atom with the avowed purpose 
e of tome attractive girl and bear her off in 
t and the theater. 
■go two jiomif men were attempting to talk with a 
raa an itMpt ct er at one of the stores. They were put 
Ivo different times. The ilrl had about made op htr 
h Ibem. She wai changed to another floor, 
wrannn, 19 yt»n of age, in one of the department 
ha habit of foiof to cafes m the evening. One night 
[ aaa, and be pcrwaded her to live with hhn. After- 
 acqaaiated with a ridi man who gave her a great 
naally, abe gave np her position, and shared the 
whk bcr Snrt tover. She eontntiued to tend money 
IhCT, who Hved b a small town, and and thought bcr 
|h1 cvcattnllj paid off a mortgage on her mother's 

vt MMmcr five different men and 
« roama at one of tba d tp ai tmiut 
I inallT rdeaaed. One of these 

women were f re- 
leat itorea. One was 
Dcrsons was a colored 


cq>t invfUtioiis to dine, or go to tfie theater. ThcM men eome tD tk 
counters while their wives are shopping, and thus enter into comtm- 
tion with the girlt. They are very bold and aggrcttive ia Ikir 
actions, and if the girls resent these attentions, some of dwsc wn 
actually report them to the floor walkers, claiming they me^jgoA 
their business. In some cases these complaints have led to the dih 
charge of the girls in the store. 

IV. Men Employers, Salesmen and Women. A certain floor walker 
had been in the habit of taking girls out He was oootionllj 
harassing the girls who did not accept his invitatioii. A home ^ 
tective finally succeeded in having him discharged. Some salqpfh 
will testify their downfall was caused by their empfeyers, and tkj 
actually wore diamonds belonging to these employers. Two girb vki 
are employed in a department store (X985a) came to work one dqr ii 
an intoxicated condition. They went to the office of one of tk 
partners, sat down in chairs, and put their feet on his desk. Aa tm- 
ploye of the store tried to persuade them to leave. They said th^ 
would not, and dared him to put them out He did not do sa 

An employe of (X985b) store said she actually heard a 
tendent ask a girl who had complained that she couM not wock 
$6.00 per week, if this was the only way she had of earning 
She answered that it was. He then told her that the house coaU 
pay her any more. 

A man at (X985c), a large department store, had charge of in- 
spectors. One day he went so far as to take one of the girb lo V0 
home when his wife was away. The girl got into trouble vd ^ 
left the city. The firm cautioned all the enq>loyes not to Mpuk 9I 
the incident. 

The head of (X985d) department store toM an empkyye he ifid «t 
care what the girl did outside of worki i hoara, so long as tky U 
not bring disgrace on the name of the : ire. 

The superintendent of (X985e) < tment store mistre i ted Vi 
stenographer. She was a very good g girl, just from the 

and boarded at the Y. W. C A. After her downfall, she left tiie 
and was finally put out of c »le and reUgkms 

"Hie superintendent proved to be tte fiend, and finaBy 

suicide in Denver. Tjiegirlli af r IronMf T^ 


TUB loaAL nn. in cnicAoo 

K At WIS Men by a friend, she was about to leave the eitj 

ike wai going to kDI herielf K>on. 
A natron at one of the Utft department stores once told a ules^i 
« »at foolUh to work there, a> &bc could make money easier h 
C "tportinf life" Abcxtt two weeks later this girl resigned, and wa 
^■■1 bjr a detective from this store in a basement saloon on Madisoi 

V^. ytlmmiary. One day a house detective in one of the store 
f knrd srvcral yoang caih ^Is rctattng their experience whili 
k ran doHnf the evening. They made such remarks as, "H< 
I a bottle for me," and "We had a swell time." 
• uka|irl. 17 years of age, by the name of Sadie, was heard ti 
k JD one of the stores that she wasn't going to work again, ai 
i "tooched a guy last night for ISO.DO. and now I will have i 
mL" The man from whom she had stolen the money came K 
' store with u officer, and the firl was compelled to returu th< 
*^My. Thb nm wotdd not proae cu tc. 

Si i ua l jooof Hk^irU, wfio cnto^ a life of profeaakmal proiti 
^■io^ taBTC doMt M OB die pIc* titat tbej coold live oa "euy ttreet' 
<^« ofdKeegiriidkd, another manied a doctor oa the North Skle. 

Qm afikt wUe Ak detectiTe wis in the (XSM) and (X987) cafci 
A (XMi) Wafcuh avcndc, be mw five lalogirb in these places wbooi 
M nea|Mnd m beiiif tnMS t certain dtfivtnient (tore on Statt 

I of « grett manjr years in die department stores said 
%t riM fcn t w MUtjr wleiflrli who Uved widi men who were not tbeii 

0)M gM iriw wotted Ib die ink dep artm e nt of one of dM itom 
kk to •Mv a Hte of praa tkud on. At the pr«ient time (be fa wbal 

Un. pamy. wbo eondneta an Inmonl lUt at (XHO) Mdi *nd, 

■Ulhil Aa wbob meetm of a fht like hers dejiends npon getdni 

* JHN( bVH (■■■■ Sm Ipofcc of two who canit during certain even* 

k*wi«la«cri^ h (Xnoi) dtpuneit iioR. 

Ohife MTMt Sm wvtfcs tf OM of tkt targt i k u miiwin itoMt. 

Om JiIUjIii ml Kail wai leca in i daan Ul tt (XMI) 
Ito* Cbk una. Sh wcria la Ika >iiii ii i«l of e« of dn kql 

of $5.00 per week, itttt nas a lumistiM room on ; 
At one time she had a baby which died. She was 
nights in the week, and claims she does it to help su; 

Septftnber S4tk. There were about 200 girts i 
(X994) avenue. One of these, Lillic, about 19 year 
a department store and receives a salary of $5.M pi 
take presents from her men friends, but refuses 
One of these friends gave her a bracelet the week j 
clerk in the same store. 

Violet, another girt at this dance, is about 18 ; 
works in a department store at 96.00 per week. S 
friends, who take her out each week, and ^ve her 9 
brings up her salary to 910.00 per week. Tbqr ti 
downtown, but she would not give the name of thi 
at home with her parents, and when she goes out tell 
to a show with a girl friend. 

Bell, another one of the girls at this dance, wo 
store and receives 94.00 per week. One day wht 
broke a fellow proposed to take her out, and she ag 
sition. Bell is about 80 years of age and very gooi 

Bessie solicits every night in (X995), a notoriot 
Slate street. Until recently she worked in a dqwrti 
per week, but concluded this was not enough, at 
other way of increasing her salary, started to so 
She goes home in the morning at either I KM) or 2:3 
takes with her from 9S.0O to 930.00; she charges X 

October Slk. Dora was attending a dance at the 
ent she works in one of the large department st 
911.00 per week. Recently a friend gave her a ^air 
promised her an old gokl bracelet He is an insn 

113 Ttm SOCIAL era. m cmcAoo ' 

Oti»Ur jrd. A duKC wu held it (XlOOl) 35th street and severil I 
a( tlv firli who were there were profesiional prostitutes; two e*> i 
VKuDylave a flat at the corner of (X10D2) street and (X1003^ ave> . 
■K nd one on (XID04) avenue, and two others were from Mrs. i 
(XlOU) i^ace at (XlOM) near (X]007) avenue on the north side 
of (bt ttreel. There were four girls at this dance from two of the 
depiitnwnt tttvei downtown. One of these gitis had a pair of garteri 
•BditORib wfakh (X1D08) gave her. She slalcl that (XlOOO) goes 
wtthtr I («w nifbta each week, and Ukes her to the (XlOlO) hotel, 
fXlOII) Mrm and (XlOlt) avenne. She was willing to make a sim- 
Iv due (or the money there was in it. 

TVk other ^t\i, who also work in a department store, were willing 
to akt dalts of a similar nature. One said she had three steaily 
tnait, one of whom has a private room which he kc«ps for the pur- I 
P>K»f lakii^ girts. Tht* room is on (X1013) avenue, htit she wntilil I 
HI |!tt the noRiber. ' 

Oieof the moat ootorions dance halls in aiicago is at (XIOH) . 
Art Qbrk street. On Saturday nights many girls who come to 
Afe ten are loni-profeMioRal or profntional prostitutes. On Sat> j 
I Sunday nighti the attendance is abottt 300, am! many 

5*<liTls are waitresses, house maids and clerks 
JV oon who do not charge f 

-- -~a who do not charge for Ihcir 
^|aM| ifce cadets who were prctent at one of these dances was 
^1^), lAo Bvci in one of the hoteli near the restricted district with 
"iHlcHte. TbegM baproitittrtc at a bonseat (X1016) aveniM. 

tmmt tke pro atk ii tea who nlick In (X1017) dance hall ii one 
"Mi<ltoaa(XlltlB),aUuVi(4et She is abont ») yrars oM. She 
*» b CfeiaiD two jfean ago from (X1019), Wisconsin, and tuc- 
JtoM h gfetwinf a poakkm on one of the large department stores. 
^ af (he nMoafcn of tlib ftore insisted on taking her out, and she 
^itr mgtti M hmtation. She dahna she dkl it in order to hM 
yjik nMll7 Violet got into tnMbtc, and she actually had a mis- 

AlliHHlt of a boine of proatitittion at fXlOM) Dearborn street 
9tm M«e of Panlctte tafal that she was n years of age, but she 
mk wmdk jomater. She formeriT Ihred in (XlOM), Massachusetts, 
^Ibi ikt aarrM at 17. After fivinc with her husband two jrears, 
1^ hM a ■IwM w fafitan diBg and parted. She first came to Cbi- 
^■1 1» woffc ii one of tbe department stores downtown in the shirt 
%Mt dMitacnt, tad received 17.00 per wcdi. This stun was after- 
~ I to mM. 1 cooM not Kre on that," she mM. "lo I 

^ — ipartias Ufa, becante it appealed to me. It was impoisibte 

» tmm s Mif wbert I waa. And eren while I was in the ttort 
mamtammtrmti^Me. I was !■ the habit of taking men to hotds, 

a twocr d wa Uwca^a week, whe n I waa n't t oo tired. A fter I had 
vHlMK two mMtfaS) I kit ne poaitio n and entered the bo wte . 
ftriMMb n ipciUif fiulbu of bv experienet in dcpartncnt Momt 
mg»t **0m gmI Hva teratara; that Is as dfalrkt far a ^ to 

BOUBcn or mnvLX 211 

live in ; she might as well be here. If a girl in a store wears sofled 
clothing, Uiey will tell her aboat it You have to work in a dovt- 
ment store for years and years and years before yon get anytfan 
While in the store*" she continued, **! heard of a case of a good gfl 
getting $6.00 a week. She asked for nxMre money. She aid fkt 
couldn't live on that The man said, *Can't yoo get s onw ^o dy to 
keep you'?" 

At the present time Pkulette earns tlT.OO to $SS.OO above kr ci- 
penses eadi week. 


Social workers who have paid partici lar attention to condiri oat it 
amusement parks in the city declare ti incidents have oome to thor 
notice showing a laxity of superviskxi, and the HQQ!^. 
rounding young girls who frequent these places for 

During tlie tune given to this part of the work dvee 
parks were investigated by two investigators whose reports 
each other. These parks were (Xl026a), (Xl026b) and (XlOtk). 

According to common report the c nditions in these ptrio^ o* 
pecially (Xl026a), had been unfavo »le earlier in the sooHBer. b 
September, the time of the invest i m, these conditions hid wt 
proved. In general it was found Uiat there were msny yoaqg p^ 
who were unaccompanied, flirting with young bo3rs and men aad iif- 
gesting participation in different forms of amusement 

Usually there are saloons near the entrances of these pifla^ ss' 
young girls were seen in the rear rooms of these places. Coopks alM 
came into these saloons from the park. 

September 13th, Investigator met se (X1027), a girl aboot H 
years old, from (X1028), Illinois. She 1 tood near the Scenic Riflvay. 
and remarked that it was tiresome not lO have some one to take kff 
around, and she had never been on a Scenic Railway. She works ii 
a butter factory and has a private room and a few steady friei'* 
who came to see her. She receives tl.OO per day in the butter b/301 
and pays $2.00 for her room and has to eat two meab per day ii * 
restaurant. She lives at (Xl028a) avenue and wooM fo oat for WA 

Ella (X1029) and Rosie (X1030) sakl th^ Uved^m (3am) wt 
nue, telephone (X1032). She boards with her mother. Gait ** 
ages as 24 and 25. They both work for (XlOSS). each 
17.00 per week. They go out once in a while to earn a ttHe 
'VKMey. Would have to go to (XIOM) avenoe for a 

"Por the Citjr Ordiiuiicct, tec ApponUx XX. 


lam t iMl or dsnccd with two gifh in the park dance hall. Ont 
wu IC, Uie other 17. Litrr he mw the»e gjrU drinking bctr with 
tvo mta IB tbe Caima He also iJanced with two profeiiional prosti- 
MUS, who were in companj with fellows. One invited him to join 
dM oowd and go downtown to a place on North Oark street where 
a room eooU be ttcured for the night. While in Casino investigator 
WW modur profesuona) prmtitute whom he had seen in the rear of 
(XlOU) nkian on North CUrk »lreet. The man who was with her 
CiDed bcT Josie. She was intoxicated. 

Seftimhtr oik. Three hours at this amusement place. Count 


r within the place, nine of these were reco^iied by 
bad seen them soliciting in the downtown (Loop) 
Fhrt of tbeM women went downtown with men after they 
 drtahing beer in the cafe. 

White in this park on this date, investigator saw 
Ikrtc (irb whom be knew to be street walkers on downtown streets 
ttkc ncB in that directioa. 

Sefttmher 14th. iBTestigator met girl in front of a weighing ma- 
clitae. She aaid she lived with her husband at (Xl03e) avenue and lu- 
utttt ii* ml|»l ai Id (0 to her hone while her haiband wai iwajr, if he 

VUtC !■ mot of (fas 'Wxer," an amwement device. Solicited 
Mm f ft to (XiaiT) avone to a room. She woaM not five the 

TaodM tad hofiae. Two profeutonal proatitatef, front (XIO8T) 
"^ ' " 1 lavertifator to thi« Dotuc, offering vulgar and 

aw a t. Th^hritrifa 

WMb law*lgitor wis ia daace hall, condacted with thit amtuement 
ftam, te CBMlcd 41 girls, among them the two profeuional proiti- 
•■n aNaHoaad above The girls in genenl appeared to be decent 


OM oi te Jangen eo aa e rt ed with the amtuement parks and resorts 
ml Mi aiian is the peeseace of askwas ia front of cntraaccs and on 
^fei riit aiasU ia Ow vididtjr. The fbOowhig are sakxim so sitoatcd 
9i Ma Ml^BOraood of nis park. 

OMM). Not on poUce Hit Uet Roaie ia this takwo. Walter 
mm hi caaU "ia it" so tbcr conU get a room npitabs bat it woald 
mtmmlamwiAom tM 'my sol" 

(Xm»). Not on poHet Hst Met Joaie fa Ais nkMn. She uU 
Mmy» te hirlnriir. tmM "la it ap" so tbcjr cooU get a rocan, bsr 

(XMW). Not on poHet Hst Bdie saM a colored man at side door 
*l asa Hmt At gat a roan, hot she woold not say wbert the rooai 

near (AlU^UD). 

In dance hall investigator met two girls, one of 
(X1042) saloon at CX1043) avenue, a "tough" place 
that sporting women were not allowed in the dance h 
tudi a girl they make her leave the floor. She an^ 
tiie only ones that had not been caught 


There are two classes of boats on the lake, those 
holiday crowds and those whkh cater to the regoUr r 
The excursion boats, as a rule, carry an element i 
less disorderly. The other boats are less frequented 
/ There are several classes of these disorderly groiif 
' boats; first, girls who are evidently professional or 
prostitutes, t<^cther with young men whom they 6t 
tract : second, the class of vile )%UTigntSrwho main 
trips for the purpose of seeking out girl recruits; an 
which is very important, especially when the prevci 
work is considered as conducted by the Juvenile PixUti 
The following is a typical story which illustrates this fa 
A young couple who are sweethearts starts on om 
lions. The trip is longer than is expected, or the girl 
state room is secured and this one act may change I 
of the future rebtionship of these two and may col 

nkfcel fBinbliiif wheel. 


I MDoinflif ftre Cjrpicu nisciiKCS oi oooaicioiis tomia on umsc 

left South HaTen on August 21st at 6:30 P. M. for 

Ki the (X1044). Afanott erery state room on the boat was m 
decks were crowded, and many of the young men were 
I trjiiatHtif with the girls. Observation of the state rooms 

Na ii were four men. Two girls visited the room during the 
b Na 61 there was one girl She was visited by four men at 
art thnet. Na 6f was occ^Mcd by two girls and two young men. 
I n three men and three girls w in the lower berth. 

he bar room about twenty youi sirls were drinking beer, five 
 not orcr twelve years of age. v child, eight years old, was 

with older people. 

Srd« ItlO, nnrestigator left Chicago on the steamship 
i) far Sooth Haven, Mkhigii . In the bar room there were 
tvtaty young giris and boys sitl ing at tables drinking beer. 
Me room Na M. two boys and two girls girls were lying in the 
aad all under the influence of liquor. In room No. M were 
tvo men and two girls; one of the girb appeared to be very 
Tkrac bojn visited state room Na 51 during the trip. A young 
I was in due room. In state roc Na 64 a man about sixty-ftvc 
M was sittaig r u Later he was seen hi the 

tafthig very ea r a ; . After a wMlc they 

tti state room na o4 Iocku. ^ne ooor, and did not appear 

BOUBcn or warrLW 217 

One girl and three different men entered stateroom Na 53. 

Saturday, Julv 2nd, 1910, investigator left Chicago for Sooth 
Haven at 2 :00 F. M. on the steamer (X1050). The passcogen coo- 
sisted principally of boys and girls between the ages of twdve to twcntj- 
one. The boat was loaded to its full capacity. 

Shortly after the boat left Chicago groups of men began to crovil 
the deck, and one group of six young men, all under age, stood it i 
circle drinking whiskey. Another party of eight had suit cases fikd 
with beer. They drank the beer and threw the empty bottles Of«- 
board saturating the men and women in their vicinity with the frodi 
from the bottles. Sitting on the upper deck were three women taOdif. 
Soon a young man came up and said, "The bunch are all down ii tk 
state room stewed and Arvella is the only girl in the crowd." TVe 
number of this state room was 71. 

The bar room was filled with boys and girls. Two girls is psr- 
ticular could not have been over sixteen years old; were siagiif is 
drunken discord, lying in the arms of two men. Sitting at the wal 
table was a young woman with her skirts up to her knees talking to the 
young men who were sitting next to her. She pounded the tafie wi& 
beer bottles to emphasize her remarks, and to attract the attention of 
other men in the bar room. In fact the whole boat seemed fiDcd witi 
intoxicated boys and girls. 

Some of the state rooms were occupied by boys and others bjr firk 
In state room No. 50 there were two boys in bathing suits, and two 
girls in kimonos, lying in each others arms; anyone passing cooU have 
seen them as the door was (^>en most of the time. Room Na 64 vai 
occupied by two boys and two girls ; all appeared under the age of 
twenty. They were lying in each others arms, and at least three doses 
empty beer bottles were on the floor and wash stand. 

Two girls and two boys were standing in front of state room Xa ^)• 
One of the girls refused to enter saying, "I ain't no saint, but I ant 
do anything like that" Later her companions succeeded in pcrsoidet 
her to enter the room and they did not come ool dnring the entire 

For a while investigator stood in front of state room Na 71 sod 
watched, a young girl who was in the room with four yoaxif boyv 
One of the boys was very much intoxicated and every time hu oofl^ 
panions tried to make him stand on his feet he would ibnm hiotfeif 
back in the berth. This young boy could not have been over eigbteci 
years old. 

Returning from South Haven July 3rd at 6 .-00 P. M. the catft 
tKMis were very bad. Just before the boat left the dock foor coopks 
came up the compankxi way, all under the influence of Uqttor. 

State room No. 74 was occupied by two girls and two young flKs; 
one of the girls was standing in front of the dressing table with nolM 
on except a dress skirt whue the other called to a boy who happests 
to pass. 



Om o( the mo«t Kriou* fnllMi li «qr iMfl d^ il te fiM^it 
tl cntain cmplojmcni tgeudtt tl Mirfta| JfOMI Si*^ 'M' WHM II 

toMMi of pnxtiiution, ui|pHliM iMi mA hMrii M mnmtL Omk 

is tbcM ptans. turroundMl If MhtflMH •( MM md MdhmM 
tkoc (irU ve not Blwayi Ml M iHtttmi At MMpMlM •■! M« 
bwooir rrtular intium. XMi b Ml MpMW^ U llNy Vt 0< gMl 
flfnn ami aitnctiTC [ice. 

nwortwHr to pmuadc thMi l» 1mm Mr U* U tniigiiy, fdMhil 
«M 10 than the good clotes lad Mi^ ««fc M *■ OIlMr IhmMi. 
TbM a dor 5eld for tapftrfV *lb hMM wUh frtA glril ll glrn 

While the imfirorHnnil li Mpttf M IIm MadMl af tapliynMI 

BC«n<!.«i in Ofifj)^ his broi ■■rfad, j«t Mme of tke afoMs trt iriffiag 
to Ma4 fiMilri at Mrvaota to honaci of a quwt io n able dHractcr. 

TImm afeala ivpear to ODilcntand tte law bat Otey ban peculiar 
MttMa M to lis Jotafpf ct a tw Oi 

For imiamet, mow wIB taad a girl to Mcti a place if tiie applicant 
k N yMn or evff. Otbm wiO itfnw to Nnd a girt, and then in the 
MM WmA Mk U a tolorad giri wlO tkni 

Tia tfaN hM taM too nmUti to go iMo a tlMtoi^ famrtigatioa of 
■| lyj I t n io r lii 

n* iBfMtigalMS, one ddcrij woomb wUi a jmuig ladjr aiatMaat, 
•on aUi to vWt M Mipliiynitnt ageoti who adnrtiM b a pobOe 
*^. Of IUb aaMbcr, diirtMa agncd to land ttrraata to a aoppoacd 
htoMMl plM*. !■ MCfe ctM te agnt WH gb 
^'to wM W OMfOCwif Of Ik plac a . 

TIK Ukmln 0im k Maa Ike ttkm i 

I Hcliaat •! At dir who ■ffracd to the pnpodlkB. la m 

 wM ikv aleipt • ink >rtal Xat wodd be oolkaed wha Ikl 

*»l1i«fc». — A M iit nv. 

BOUBcn or sumr 211 


November 4, Mrs. (X1051), (X1058), (XlOSSa) avenue. Tlioi«lit 
she would have one by Monday who would fo to a spor ti nf hoaie 
to work. "Some of them liked to." 

October 31, (X1053), (X1054) (Xl05ia) avenue. This wooaa 
advertised in the September 14, 1910, issue of a Oiicafo paper vahi- 
lished in a foreign language. Mrs. (X1054) agreed to md a girl the 
next day. The fee was tl.OO and was to be (Niid when the girl am 
to the supposed sporting house. 

November 1, Mrs. (X1056), (X1057), (Xl057a) avenue. Rcpr^ 
sentative of agent said she would not send a gki as the i^bbcj wai 
bonded, but would send a woman the next morning. 

November 1. Reliable (X1058) agency, (Xia59) (X1059a) Urtct 
Mrs. (X1059), proprietor. Saw Mrs. (X1069), she promised to leod 
a second girl at $6.00 per week the next day. Sakl she knew wlnt i 
sporting house was. 


November 2, (X1062) Bureau, (X1063) (X1063a) avenue. Was 
willing to send a colored servant to a sporting house. The law wooU 
not allow her to send white help. 

November 2, (X1064), (X1065) (Xl065a) avenue. Agent said 
it was against the law to send a girl to a sporting house. &e hid i 
colored girl she could send. She did not like to give her business can! 
to investigator, but finally did, trusting to her not to say anydiiqg about 
it "Of course,'' she explained, "if she toki the giri where she was 
going, it would be all right." 

November 2. Mrs. (X1066), X1067) (Xl067a) street A maa is 
the office said they could not send girls to sporting houses u it was 
against the law. Then the woman, Mrs. (X1068), came in and told 
him she could send a woman over 30. This woman was i ntr o du ced, ibe 
looked like a dope fiend. She said she had been in a bouse for dvce 

vember 2. (X1069), (X1070) (Xl070a) street The wonii. 

s. (X1071) said she could only furnish cok)red hdp as tk 
< not idlow employment agents to send a girl to a sportim 


October 31. (X1072), (X1073) (1073a) avenue. Agent Mid he 
could not send a young girl to a spiMting house, hoc wooM tend i 
woman 30 years old, the next day. 

November 2. (X1074} office, (X1075) (X107te) street AfHt 
^d the law would not allow him to send a girl to a tportin| hmt 
joen asked if a married woman would da Asked again if be eoaU 
°«pend on it that the woman would not be wanted for any odicr pQ^ 
P^; if so he might have one to send later. 


nB ■ocut ira. n nnr*a»> 

■»l»»iiR«^li« 4l TaAMaMtKlKaqaki 

I— >»t onw» >igi« i»)on Mii)» Mt. ifa .oniM; 

M»l»«>»IM | ii>i iill» l i I I II iillplii I mtgiM. ■» 

a (ZMoljinMi) (XMb) Mw n Mti. ^ oajjij^ 

 oallli Ij A.lLm 



lM«t mlljiilMil ^a<i. Heledikilat 
MCB >b>i w otfcd- Lot ConMnmoa  ^— ***" ^ 
iJHliiirim 11 oMiiMd li tbcM Qrpinl cua •)»« phWy dM tht 

DBhff te yew UM awn were two prMe n rt i cM of as ifert lor 
SHMM( B woHMi u ft Mitut lo ft DOMe M ^ufrtJomble cnmclcri 
aat WM ttt owMT, the other the aoplOTc of the mom afeaey. 

Ib 1M> IV to S tp tnnb cr 1, one ftfeot wsi proMcuted for the Mae 
•■nw ami Me UeeiM rcrokcd. TUe maa wu ft TftndenDe ■((il 
Hi had hooked •ome (trie to* qnotioMUe pbcc of etiwinnrt* 

Dartaf ttt jtar cadiNC Angoet SI, ItlO, ciffat afcals were pnee- 
ole^ hM MM iw aendinff wooMM •• MTftnti to imaiorsl place*. 

rnm AapM flat to Nonnher lOtfa, ItlO, the date when abott 
■noeHtfHa wia aeeMMi oe nief iMpector baa intknted procceaia(i 
a^int «M agert (or viatatioa of SeethM « of the law. TUt caae WM 
hii^hl hefan tt» rnMiriiliiaiii of Labor wbp inatmeted the Aa- 
ilmm SWaTa AnofMjr to proaeealc the caae, which la attt | ii i fl^ 
Om «te|t «M hn^M before the llwidpal Cowt whkh ii*eMl 
■• aMBM^ dK i«t of the defendaal bavh« aome weight, aa aba waa 
^IM  oM Mr Md tte wanes vriM bad bee* Beat to the plaea ware 
Iqwd HlMi Me, aad aaplajwd bat t abort period cMfa aa Mmia 


80I71CB or somr 81 

It is the custom of inspectors employed by the deptrtmcnt to win 
all agents and tell them to be very careful regarding the places wboe 
females are sent, as no excuse for carelessness would be sdkte 
to prevent prosecutions and revocations of their licenses. 

A female inspector also speaks to the women condncti«g lacfc 
agencies, advising them not to succumb to temptations and asking tkm 
to report if keepers of resorts approach them on the subject 

The department finds that there is a class of women who are anioas 
to work as servants in these immoral places because the wages ire 
higher, the hours of service fewer, and Aey have oppor tun ities of re 
ceiving cast off clothing that they do not find elsewhere. These scmab 
are willing to pay the agent higher fees than for l egith n ale ptacA 
This is a great temptation to agents. 



In spite of the penalties attached, the practice of advertising com 
and treatments of venereal diseases, both in newspapers and in toikti 
of certain saloons is open and flagrant 

It is high time that determined efforts were made to eliminate fron 
the daily press these obnoxious and misleading advertisements. As u 
eminent authority says in a recent article: "The statements of quacb 
you read in the papers are all lies." In the foot note the writer refcn 
to a young man who has been arrested for stealing money. His eaotfe 
was that he had been told that he was ''tosing his manhood" thit tk 
"doctor" wanted $25.00 to cure him. 

Sometimes these quacks offer to return the patient's money if ke 

not cured. The guarantee Aey give is legal and binding but it ii 
a trap for the ignorant and helpless. The patient must give reasooabk 
proof that he was a victim of injurious habits before the trcatmait, 
tod that the treatment has not affected a cure. 

When the money is demanded back, a blank b sent to be filled 9^ 
tnd returned. When this is done the money is to be refnaded. 

The blank the patient is asked to fill out b such that he wiB sot 
return it It required him to get the signatures of his mmistcrt eae 
of the principal business men in his community, his ftitiier or nest 
of kin, certifying that he had the habit before takfaig trcatmct asl 


Aat be ittN hu it An of this mu&t be iworn before a notary ind' 

Many jounc firb working io factorie* ami *tore* have contradtd 
venereal dbeaie* throt^h clandestine prostitution. They see the ad- 
vcniteincflU of thcw <|uaek3 in the newipaperi. The girl calli upon 
Uk "doctor," who offcfi to cure her secretly for #60.00 or $75.00. Sht 
b in despair, for these lams arc far beyond her means. Cases have 
■ctnally come to lifht where such victims have deliberately entered upon 
 life of professional prostitution to earn the money, and the docton 

Uany yoanf men, l|:norant and afraid, have awakened to the horri- 
ble reality (hat Ibey have contracted a disease. They eagerly scan lh« 
paces of the paper* for advertisements and read of their symptomi 
■isd the awful consequences. They hurry lo the "quack doctor" sml 
a lar^e sura a demanded at once with a specific sum of one dollsr 
or two dollars fco* daily treatments and additional sums for dragt 
to be pwdwwd from friendly dragfiitt. So for monthi thcf |» 
4qr *ter dqr and the bill grow* larger and larger. They art bow fai 
r of tkcK exploiters, waA so the day* arc qwnt in worry aad 
tbe m o ney and fn*apf d etecti on. SometUKS tbcst 
I whidi force i tco^iorary rdkf, aad 
BB pMient icdi UMt be  really cured. A few montlu liter afttr 
HMS mmnmI eaciteinent caused by dtink or texiial inteniovrN Hi 
 andifalH betakca i^i IbetrcitnKat fromttt nmeora 

Tw ■MMoa of ncK giiarbi, tbcrcforc, oogM to be expoeedt'iM 
ftftn wUch print tncw nd Yer tiar nw ni i onglit to be pniCCStM aiMI 

CvMfa p^ars peUabcd ia Oikafo, both bi Ei^lUi and fordp 
hn|HfH» ooitabi advcrtiMnMnte of ptaytidnn p u fpoi th ig to trM* 
ad ewi iliiMii of am. Some of tbeM aniiwiT < iiiiiil i dtocribe k 
4mi Mrtrii qnplDHa wbkh arc raco gn l w j ■• Ow r«aka of mmmI 

VHHMi UapalM. Heavtow, UM, f^t Ml> 


Eight of these advertisements appeared in the Ncffcmber Mi twe 
of the (X1083), five in the November 11th issue of (XIOM) aadcoe 
in the September 14th, 1910, issue of (X1065). 

The majority of the announcemen ts in En|^ refer to mwMj 
troubles, the one in a paper published in a foreign tanfttafe adaalf 
mentions sjfphilis. 

In many of the toilet rooi of ns in the ci^, a d w eiti s cM C i ti 

of physicians purporting to ( i ( diseases are tacked up €a tk 

wall. In other instances die of « atain drugs for the trcMcit 

of such cases are also in r ice. ( ne of the mott commoa ii s. 
drug named (X1086). 1 n on tin and tacked to tiK vdL 

of these toilets. The sign conta ime of (XlOSCa) from ida^ 

this nostrum can be purchased. 

Another method employed to advertise this same dnig is by Ae mm 
of small boxes of matches. The word (X1086) is printed ii ltd 
letters on the box, also the name of (X1086a) from whom it oa V« 

It would certainly appear that these advertisements come 
statutes and ordinances.' 


Illinois is one of the very few states that have laws 
practice of midwifery.* 

There is some doubt as to whe or not there is any 
between the practice of abortion ai I social eviL This 
if any exists, is much more difficult to < tablish than any of the 
nized causes. Everyone will agn owever, that any 
which tends to undermine the moral ! ise of girb or yom^ 
is dangerous and should be prevented. Incidents are on record 
girls who have had abortions ] ormed have become 
discouraged, and have actually ei red upon a life of 

It has not been possible for t C imission to undcitakt a 
extensive investigation into t p of the subject, but 
been done to esUblish the t that i conditions exist hi 
It has been unfortunate ; t t le has been too Hmited 19 ^ 

ytiga te certam suspici< si also druggists who Jiipinf ^ 

•Appendices XXIX, XXX 
Appendicct XXI-XXIa-XXIb. 

^i wd iMHiMMto over the eamober. or dwooih a<Mrtl»> 
«i iatfae ptpen. 

TW irief J PTttlicitio fi was txmtmei to « bhII mafcer of ni hriw^ 
Mddy tboae who advntiK in a ptdttc way. 
hnoK^oa m hnt calM to ccrtahi admtiMBKXs irink* fP^ffM 
feniiii papen, and in hbk papers ; 

ia tdvcrtiwinent appcartd n the (XlMI) (foR%i) oo J 

II, in*. This  

m tmi hulMMi MomatioB t» prfa aa*  
 «lM Mi wtat MS to 4o before aad after  
^idt h^pr H Mi kKMrierice. The reader ^aalfavil* 

hfe p«lV «M iMilgr *• CmbMh rfka to *• ^iMto IbM 

af ncM riitiaiMs apia act ffotn the vuac of hana^ DM aaA 
4waMtcattui«s-cirisaBdmamedwamCBikaMkaew." Tk 
«U dedara Ae advertiser. *■ worth mamy ^dtan,' hat *e "nM 
^■hc titrjhodj happj so she w3 sead it lor one dsSar ttif. 
hi wami deodar, •!» pddakal ii IW Fsbk I i iji, k ai*- 

kk k cMaWjt • caae ior Ok Fcteal GennaM, aa adi a> SMI 

■ah. Th9 an wwdcd, howenr,  lock a war aa a* iwdar fnaa 

kl MIliiM and practically ifBadMe. Bolk of Ai 

tt miaul la tha (XlMt) •( Ckn^a (Eitfkk)  


Ikar ad»a»ll I kHmotPr. (XMW), (»M»1) a 

• inillll] M Ok (Xia«) CUk|I »> MidnklT. Tka all I" 

 kja Ukl Ak <alk|a k Id uafu i aX a^v ba kn •< •• 

M Saaa k Ika jFor un aad ka Bjlikii aw 1 1 n lii< < 

alnaka*aa( fti Mkv wd d i ^ da aadi ^ t 
ItdtaadiMiiiiadhd— ^a^ h ttMk k iikaif 


80I71CB or SUPPLT 2K 

On November 81, 1910, invettigator called at the address fitea is 
the advertisement of the (X1092) CoUege. Dr. (X1090) said M 
the course for a diploma in midwifery would cost 9100.00. with u 
additional five dollars for a book. He farther stated that die ftadent 
would have to pay $25.00 for an cxaminatioo. This moiiey was to k 
given to him and he in turn would give it to the State Board of YltM, 
when he made the application for the examinatioii.* 

The doctor said that the coarse osaally took d^t weeks to con- 
plete. The practical part of the work is given by hb wife* who taket 
the student with her when she attends births. She is a nudwife. Wha 
the investigator left, the doctor gave her his bosiiiesa card aad mt 
other card which contained practically the same infomatioa Ait if 
peared in tlie advertisement 


During the period of this investigation twenty midwives were visitei 
Of this number, six absolutely refused to perform abortioii, one was 
not at home, and two said they would not do the operation, bat r^ 
ferred investigators to midwives who would do so. The rtmmms 
twelve agreed to perform the supposed abortion for different saa» of 
money. One woman (X1095), it was learned from court records, 
was arrested twice during 190B-09 on the charfi;e of co mmittin g abor- 
tions, but her cases were dismissed, probably tor lack of proper eti- 
dence which is difficult to secure. 

The following are typical instances : 

November 8. Miss (X1096), (X1097) (Xl097a) stmt Fotf 
young women were waiting for abortion operations. Charge for scnrioe 
$10.00. The method required two treatments. Miss (XlOOf ) h i 
German; speaks very broken English. In personal appearance dK 
is dirty and queer. She lives in a basement, which appeared lo be 
insanitary. From her conversatkxi she is an old offender. 

November 10. Mrs. (X1099), (XllOO) (XllOOa) street Ofotd 
to perform an abortion for $50.00. Uses drugs. She sakl the patint 
could stay with her so she could watch the case. Her home was doB, 

November 10. Mrs. (XllOl), (X1102) (XllOta) avcflne. TVi 
midwife would not perform the abortion henelf, hot agreed to sari 
the supposed patient to another midwife who would. This ote 
wonun worked with a doctor. Mrs. (XllOl) woaM not ptt the MK 
of this midwife or the doctor until she hertdi had eirammed the 
"^e price would not be less than $60.00. 

'Section S of the law states that the examioatkNi fee for te p.. 
^ry ii five dollira, and three dollars for a ccrtificaie if om is 
Aspeadix XXL 

nn KKiAL Bvn. in chicaoo 

Hn. (XUOl). <n04a) (1104b) Mrect. The tup- 
i^ud ibc wu unmarried. Tlic midwife then agreed to 
ibgrtion for tSS.OO, but the patient mu«t itay with her, 
( About the price, ihe (lropi>e<l to 120.00 and $1.00 for 
■Id it was "■ mat risk ai the law was after them." 
U. Mn. (XllOfi), (Xll(i5a) (XllOSb) street. The 
Sftjr, and the room dark and disnul. The supposed patient 
DOC married. Mr*. (X1105) azreed to pcrlorm the oper- 

If. (X1107), (XllOg) (XllOSa) street. Formerly u 
hi agreed to perform the abortion for 82S.0O but hniUj 
bD $X0.00. Said the patient would have to sUy witti 
or three day*. The midwife uid she had a patient b 
1 another one who had just liad an c^ration wai in tlic 

14. Mn. (XlllO), (Xni2> (XllUa) street. Shesaid 
9t perform the abortion but said that a Mrs (X1113) 
near (XU161 slreet would do it. 

14. Mrs. (X1I16), (XlllCa) (XUlGb) street. She 
d perform the abortion if she felt the patient was on "the 
lad been »ent by some one »he knew. She had to be 
bKtivn were tent out from the City Hall to try the mid- 

14. (XlllT), (X1U8) (XlllSa) street She was 
I with itraiiceri as the people at the Qty Hall watched 
flovld fed Mtrc there would be no trouble the would per* 
rtiim for tSO.0O. The patient would have to stay witt 
r diree dayi. The flat appeared to be clean. 
IT. Ura. (X1119), (XllSO) (XllSOa) avenue. She 
: Int that uie supposed patient had been tent out from 
. "^f conrw," abe laid, ^it is againit the law, but we aD 
tfctec ti re came to her boms she would put him oat 

U) Omt affrced to perform the abortion for $40.00 U 
iIk ho- into the bouie. She worked with a doctor, to 
«t tlO.OO. She aaid that she has a good many yooag 
to ber. 

Vr. Mn. (XIIKI), (Xnn) (XlllSa} avenue. Astht 
fltffred two joanf girls who had had treatmentf woe 
MM. Mrt. (Xull) then said she would periom At 
tMJM. She declared that a great many girls wmtm 
ftm* of age came to ber, and she was vcrjr buqr all the 

I*. Mr*. (XllM), (X11S4) (Xll»4a) street Ofertd 
gr HOO, and If ther did not work would give imAv 
 IH.OO. She remarked that At "giris were not to 

II. Un. (XllM), ^IIM) (XllNa) avcMfc Sht 



member 23. Mrs. (X1127), (X1128) (XllSte) stmt Ofhtd 
form the abortion for t25.00, but the patient would haire lo lUy 
tier. During the interview, the midwife said if tfacM abortiosi 
not performed there would be a lot of babies in the streets. Sbe 
ed in helping the ^rls for they were grateful and would not Idl 
r. If a doctor did it he would charge |75.00.^ 


! investigation of the United States Immigratioii 
lie relation of the immigrant woman to the social evil shoved 
irery few prostitutes are brought into the United States. Tbe 
majority of young immigrant women who were found in resocts 
virtuous when they came here, and were ruined becaoae tee 
not adequate protection and assistance given them after tky 
ed the United States. Such protection is especially needed oa 
»urney to Chicago, and in the location of her relatives and frieadi, 
se of her ignorance of English and the co un try, a girl anj 
I her own mistake or the carelessness of railroad officials k 
t the wrong station or persuaded by some u nscnipu lous pcrsoa 
t off and see some town en route. Some few immoral wookb 
nen doubtless give false declarations at ports of entry and wd- 
the opportunities which the journey from New York to CUofo 
i. Federal inspectors on the trains, some of diem woomb and 
them able to speak to the immigrant in his own langnagc; coiU 
it easy for the girl who wants to reach her relatives and friends 
so, and difficult for those who have entered the co untr y by frvd 
misrepresentation to accomplish their purpose. The delivery of 
grant women upon their arrival in Chicago also needs 
resent they are turned over to private expressmen aad 
IS a result because of incorrect addresses and the cirrlciinfss or 
IS intent of the drivers the Immigrants' Pro t ec ti fe Lcagnt fndi 
s good many girls do not find their relatives and friends in Qb- 
These girls are nearly all from the country distrids of 

It midwife wit arretted twice in ItOS-M on the charft of iliillia Bi* 
were dtMUMed. 



aM are Ihcrefora p«culiu'l)r bdplcu In sucb a situation. Bcttfr 
of On railroad ttalioni which would keep runners from cheap 
'c^vUble hoteb from the n<i|hborhood of the immigrant wait- 
M, more supenrjiioo of express 2nd cabmen might do somt- 
II the litiution can be properly handled only by the eslablUh- 
I Federal Protecltrc Burein under the Immigration Depait- 
hich wouM have full authority to detain the immigrants and 
thdr release in Chicago. 

|o b a great labor market from which thoutancis of forcip 
p Otit in group* of 30 or more to work on the railroads anil 
M are being baill all over the country. These men are young, 
n and 30 gmcralty, (bey arc the pioneers of their race, and 
IK in adiraoce of their familiei, most of them are without friendi 
cctioM of any aort. They spend their summers in railroad 
I coniplcte bolatJon from all normal social contact. The camps 
ally roost insanitary, the fooil poor, the work hard and n»- 
1. la sD thcM can^ tberc are ainally aome Amerioui worfc- 
Imvi become diMtaed and demoraliacd bj this niuiataral 
itm Atm dte otbeta arc unprotected and tbe Bolgariani, tte 
mi Ac Palet who come to at in good pfajtical conidtion ud 
Bart Itthka co irtract dbeaae mad team nnnataral practkca. It 
■^ iMMt Im por ta nt that a careful study thoold be made of 
■pa la order that aooie pr actica l icbeme of inqiectloo aad 
Isa ihoald be worked oat for the protection of the men and 
■aalqr to which tbcjr rctnni. For tbeae tnen retam bgr tk 
lllQ ipcad the wfaAer in Chkaga Hct« tbej are bIm iMUed 
NBCM^ un tog et her in lar^e group) in nfighhiTrhttffdi micfe 
opoMd to Ticc Tbe pabUc ahooid realised that ttnlcN MM 
■«dt to rweh these groopa of foreifB men and fnmUi thai 
t they win aot only toae tbetr owa bcdtb 

nno rm wammmtua. nntKU. Am kbmtal oomcnoM f 
mu An onm BnugoBim, lOiK mals Am vbmau. 

ipiihliaiiiil of « iarp State tdml lor ddfa^oort gfrie ■«- 
wtigt praportloa of Inen to be the CBudfM of iIgomUc Mp^ 


•ouacM oir womst 

dren with such an heredity, it is claimed many criminab are mnL 
"If children of this dass could be examined by an expert psychologic, 
and cared for in early life, as they should be, the laifer wmbfr of 
them would never reach the jaib and penitentiaries.^ The snpcrii- 
tendent emphatically asserts that "the girls who come to ns, possawrf 
of normal brain power, or not infected with venereal dbease^ we look 
upon as a prize indeed, and we seldom fail to make a woman worth 
while of a really normal girl, whatever her en v ir o nm ent has kcs. 
But we have failed in numberless cases, where the cnvironrnfil h$ 
been all right, but the girl was bom wrong. Normal girls» who Invc 
drifted into houses of ill-fame, can be saved, for tbey will bdp Ik 
work of saving themselves, and when once they onderstand, the wort 
is well under way. For moral mbeciles there will be little dse tta 
forcible restraint that will keep them right** 

Inquiries into the subnormal condition of boys and yonqg wm 
in certain State institutions, although not yet considered to be saf- 
ficiently scientific to be trustworthy, yet indicate that while fccbk- 
mindedness decreased the strength of the sexual instinct wMi ttat of 
other capacities, the weakness of will and judgment lays tboe k- 
fcctives open to temptation and 


(a) Home CondiHons. 

In a large proportion of the 8,^ • ses under review, the 

conditions have contributed , if ive not caused, tfie dovaf^JI 

of the daughters or wives. T ] ve i of natural sex relatio«Vpv 

by incest, by immorality of mol or gnardian, or by the cv^ 

example of a brother, sister, or * r dve, and by the abuse of tbt 
marriage relation in prostitu wife by and for the bcnrft of 

the husband, is the specific source of min of many of ttcoo Svo* 

The failure of the parental relation by eason of divorce and doff* 

tion, and, in some instances, by the exo ve demands upon tfie ante 

by the care of a large household witho sufficient income or hc(pb it 

•Iso the occaskm for many ct< c ' ay. Thehd 

of home instructkm in the t { \ e of i and ulnini 

im MCtAL trtL u cncAOo 

r wkh a r>t$Heei to tafrguard the leUure time, etpecially 
nioc, and the failure to luperrise the reading and the aiao- 
I •( the children, account (or much of their demoralization. 

Hjittotu contributory to the social evil are 
r eottditlofu, demoralizing relalionshipi in >tor«, 
E ttrrtoe, mtauranti and hoteli; the street vending of 
rcB in M0ia( papen and gam, collecting coupoiu and refuse; 
i KiK Bt c r KTvice of box*, especiall)' in the vicinity of disorderly 
ta. vidoos laloooi, dance halls and other demoralising resorts; 
ajwmat agcDcies, which send servants to immoral places; the rest 
a or w aki ng pbocs where apiplicants for work r«sort; too long 
I aod the Ugk proiorc of work ; the overcrowding of houses upon 
of lamMa ia Hm boiue, and of persons in single rooms. 
) RtcrttUtml ComdUians. 

■oaf flie recreatkmai conditions directly tributary to the increase 
tt vklini of vkc, an the prhratdy nuaafed anntcmcnt parks; 
I hill, wfaart faw pemtita arc gnuited, or wUch are ia the 
i^ of adoflM ; eandj, ice cream and fntit •toret iia«d aa pkaaorc 
H; iMBanl ifaowt, dicatcr pbya and moring pktarei; aaloaas 
t Mic; M derMe perfort aa ncea, and other recreatiooal attrae- 
an AGttMOfjr to nie driak babn ; drug alofcai where gamhuBg 
« aad Ihe adliiif of flocaiae and otber dmga arc Mccaaoriea. 

• Hfplj off vietiNia of the todal vkc, both female aad male, ii 
Md Md perpet ua ted fir bejood the aamber whoM Tidooa ia- 
Ibh kad Ae« aatnjr, bf the direct, peraiatent, oftca uu ncerted 
 efpnearm. Tbej faiehide both raea aad wonea, barteadera, 
nliadbaaaaBd rcataaraata, anaagcra aad emplojrca ia tbeiten, 
1 Aowi, pcaojr pktwe arcadea, enyloTera, Boor walbera aad ia- 
VI la atcia aad l aope t h eep e ii of cm plp ymeut c ince i, aackmcat 
I at railway atatiom aad boat laadhiga, mid- 
t leyen, cadaia, keeper) aad illeiiuaati la 

r aaiooaif aad aoai e i of pcoetitfltioa* 
y »wfc llMi^h adiifliiwwBti hi aewapipga prtHahad h far- 
npa(M M «•■ M li EagUah, f«« raooM li departaMMal Mom 

•ouacw or •urrLT SI 

and even at the counters in certain departments; at theaters, espedaSj 
on amateur nights; at employment agencies including those oooaectcd 
with mercantile and industrial establishments and in many odier w^ 
The general delivery of the post office is both used and watdwd as a 
secret and safe way of spotting, inveighling and trapping youqg girik 

(e) The inquiry in Chicago r^;arding white slavery, or the in- 
voluntary participation in the social vice, for the profit of exploitm, 
reaches conclusions similar to those of the Research Co mmittee of the 
Committee of Fourteen in New York Gty, and to those presented \j 
the additional Grand Jury for the January term of the Court of Gea- 
eral Session of the County of New York, "^m the Matter of the b- 
vestigation as to the Alleged Existence in the County of New York 
of an Organized Traffic in Women for Inunoral Ptarposes." 

The findings of the Grand Jury include the foUowiog: 

"It appears from indictments found by us and from the t e stn noay 
of witnesses that a trafficking in the bodies of women does exist, lad 
is carried on by individuals, acting for their own individual bcaeic 
and that these persons are known to each other, and are more or Im 
informally associated. We have also found that assodatioiis and dak» 
composed mainly or wholly of those profiting from vice, have cnilBl 
and that one such association still exists. These associations and dabi» 
are analogous to commercial bodies in other fields, which, whie aot 
directly engaged in commerce, are composed of individuals all of 
as individuals are so engaged." 

The Conunittee of Fourteen, through its Research 
charged with the study of Law Enforcement against die Social Ewi 
in New York City, report on this point as follows: 

"Some of the profit sharers must be dispensed with thro^ch the 
force of public opink>n or by means of heavy pfnaltifs> befoit 
the growth of vice can be checked. These indnde time nhi 
profit off the place — the landlord, agent, janitor, amusement dealer, 
brewer, and furniture dealer; those who profit off die act— dK 
keeper, procurer, druggist, physician, midwife, police officer, uA 
politician ; those who profit off the children— emplo ye rs , y roc uf c n * 
and public service corporations ; those who deal in the fodircs oC 
vice---publishers, manufacturers and vendors of vicious pictarts 
and articles; those who exploit the unempk>yed — the emptoymeflC 
agent and employers ; a group of no leu than fiiii#l«im nudkJkf. 
who are profit-sharers in vice.** 

ntnlily ind Mxtul delinquency suggests recommendationi 

^mk of hilon al ioo, edmtioii and tntninf with rcfv- 
■Kdon Mid antrol of the mxuI intttiiet, and the cosie- 
ti abne aad per^crikw. appcan at vnrj point of onr 
ht aoanca of Ar topplj of the Tktnm of 'rice, either u 
Iht p er wf ii on of diildrca and joath or ai a compUcatioa 
OHMi. Thia coo dm ioo i* abaodantljr inbstantiated bjr 
 BtT*"™**^ Hcndcnon'i diacnuion of "Education widi 
Sra rittiologfcii. Ecooomie and Social A^ecta," in the 
kook of the Natknai Sodetj for Ae ScientiBc Stud/ of 
rkt Mecaaitj for firinf infonnatioo, tiie paths of ^iproach 
tfraetiM to be firca to Ae jonnf child, at the age of 
ha a doleacwt period, to adnlta ahoot the time of mar- 
I parola, together with die difficnltJea en co iui t cr ed, the 
lachen, and Ae vahie of maldog anch inatmctioa a part 
i iJiCiHan of the child faiatead of a aq«rate aad (otiml 
I fnOjr diaenaaed in Ail 1 

■MdiliaM bjr dw CanMBJuion on abovt aohjecta ice 

Chapter V. 

Child Protection and 



The problem of social Tke cannot be solred by any short sad f«* 
method. The efforts to protect children from evil infln enc e reqjsi^ 
the consideration of many problems. The greatest infioeocc ia At 
child's life is religion. We may educate the child and npraic hi» 
economic condition, but without a moral instinct he will not k & 
moral child. Another great factor in immorality b the taint of bmAj* 
For this there can be but one solution — the growth in n^iteoiisaesitfi 
the overcoming of the immoral instinct through rdigioos copv i c ti o a ,tfi 
passing to the future generation a pure mind and a dean heart ) 

Five factors enter into the moulding of a diild*s charadcr-Ae 
church, the home, the school, social emrironment, and the iimnfimi^ 
which it employs during its leisure hours. 

Giildren of all ages need guidance and protection. While mtfj 
children develop into useful citizens in spite of evil su rr o un d i if^ > 
few eventually become a menace to society in spite of every cfoft 
in their behalf. Next to a religious influence, the rule still hoMs tktf 
a good home, a good education and environment, healthful cnployflMtf 
and recreation under moral conditions, are very much to be denrti 
and it is a great misfortune when these have not been given. loMnl 
influences are frequently thrust upon children through the pavtiotf 
activities of immoral people, and because of lack of p ro tecti on, pfop^ 
instructions or guidance from those who should hare tiie dntfi wel- 
fare at heart 

The problem of the care of < In the school is not wittvi tk^ 

scope of this report, except in so far ; schools are aflFected hf 
districts in their neighborhood, i nmoral children or adols 

or near them, or by the dangers children who may be 

with disease. To protect chil< f: n these daggers all 
means should be adopted. 

Education alone has seldom protected either children or P^'^ 
people, except in a limited way, unless a moral character is dctckiP^ 


I aocui. era. » cmcxoo 

m, Hownrw, (or those who have moral char- 
ia whom it can be developed, a proper education will 
■void or protect (Jtcnudvea from what ii wrong, and 
KMM thoM things which nuke for health and right 

Into city conditions ihowi tlut it ii often difBcult and 
iiiUe to protect children and young people from the 
XM people. Harm Kunelime* comes from a misundtr- 
' own pfayakal and emotional life. Each young person 
• tnd what to avoid, to understand the meaning of 
h^ In order to know what ii needed for the pro- 
j^topk the dangers to which they are subjected must 

the taw all persons under the age of twenty-one years 
vards of the Stale of Illinois, and their persons arc 
in. giunlianship and control of the courts, provided, 
■rdkatb^ of the chiM be had by the court before 
1 dsbtacB yevt. For the pBrpoee of Uiis rqmrt then, 
ikM tUi itady refen to tiw fntntion of alt cMMrm 
{f», and aimcation of oU jwsMf ftrtotu bttwttn Hit 
ti At 9ft •/ wajonty. 
BfW m miod that nie i mni ofal nintieiiccf and danjen 

cMIJnn and young people affect tb«n to • (rcater 
geonlkv to their ages. For btstance. If the chOd 1* 
M trll Impfesaioos may bectxiN fixed aad have a 
I throoghoot its whole Ufe, or tbcae nil J Bip r eaifc i M 
ded by wim m et hoda, if anmlmatefca in titne. After 
tf tbcae I nfl ii fiirrt become grave and oftn rendt !■ 
nmfall of the ddhL TUe dcnrafeU bMOONS perH»- 
e ■Mwrei are taken to tan hiai.> 

nporti tfavcforct pow Ua OMt ne ImMnl hflMMei 
hia of an agea. 

• xvin XX xxn xzn 



/. ChUdren in Vicimiy of Vice Districts. It is a n o to r kwi te 
that many children of all ages are coiiq>elled by poverty or draa- 
stances to live within or in close proximity to the r e stri c te d diitrkts 
in Chicago. Because of this these children are sobjeded to fiot 
moral dangers. They become familiar with scenes of debancheiy ttd 
drunkenness until they are careless and indifferent Tbeir monl staid* 
ards are lowered to such an extent that it is difficult to fill tbdr Mdi 
with wholesome thou^^ and high ideals. In additioo to tibt pmatt 
of prostitutes near their homes, the children are in daqfer fron nam 
men and boys who frequent such districts. 

According to the school census taken in 1910, there were VUi 
children under twenty-one years of age in the First Ward. Of tha 
number, 1,246 were under four years of age, 259 from four lo fife, M 
from five to six, 257 from six to seven, 1,184 from seven to fbortceii 
313 from fourteen to sixteen, and 513 over sixteen and under tvotT 

The principal restricted district in the City of Chicago b located n 
the southern part of the First Ward. Within the boundaries of tkb 
district there are 298 children of all ages from babies in arms to tlMte 
twenty years of age. 

Sixty-seven of these children live in a row of houses on SooA 
Clark street, one block in length. The rear of these houses ovfrioob 
the rear rooms of a row of houses of prostitution with front cittnico 
on the next street The houses are dilapklated tenements and ut 
used by the families on account of the cheap rent The umjopltf sf 
these are children of foreign parents. The ages of these chURi 
range from three months to seventeen years. 

It is asserted that these families may witness scenes of iffnAf 
through the windows of their houses, and that the chtldrcB are ia fM^ 
moral danger from the intimate assodatkm with vice. 

Some of the children within these boundaries are UviQg ia 
unity to houses of prostitutkm and saloons fr e qu e n ted by 

For instance, nine children, from one to nineteen years of age B^ 
tt (X1129) State street There is a notorious sakMMi at (XUM^ 
State, a few doors away. 

Twenty-four diOdren live on State street from (XIIH) to (ZUV^ 

nm aoOAt vm. v> oncAoo m 

ifcle ulooiu, ind only one block away from the noloriom 

Deaftorn ttred 

ird. Accordiflf to the Khool census for 1910 there were 
ktm in the 18th Ward. 0( thii number, 1.038 were under 
fran four to five, M from five to six. 87 from six to 
tt from tma to fourteen, 330 from fourteen to sixteen 

over sixteen and under twenty-one. 

the boundariea of the restricted district in this district there 

■ndren from baUn in arms to twenty-one years of age. Of 

live on the boundaries. 

Una Mring within these boundaries arc in clocc proxim^y'l 

ot pmlituiion and disorderly saloons. I 

omtuioii has a record of a prostitute on Randolph ttrtcfl 

Cwe boy* in knee pants to enter and offering as an indaes* 1 

I lor a qnarter." I 

f % man was solicited by a prostitute standing an the potdl 

M !■ OM o< the r eatr lct ed dlitricti while a nmiber of joog 

ylqrJBs it tkt itrcet in front of thli hooat 
Inrfaf hiilory of • tCMOwnt f arailj ncu the ttnd street dii- 

bad  wife and four diildren (one boy and three 
were well cared for and went to Sondajr achool 
BOtfaer Bred. The father drank Mate bat Mcnwd to 
of Ui bnfly, and bia wages were frequent^ ai hi^ 
. Wbca dM oldest girl was deren the mother died. 
to care for hia family, and, while he dran^ it 

be a case where tiw oonrts ihoakl take the eUMrcn 
L The boy was killed while pUyii« fai the stract Tbt 
of lln hom e , but the dcnisess of the restricted district 
itattKi of the dUMrcn u they went to ndgbhoiboed 
th«y were on the street As fast as each tittle girl wis 

1 WH Mtioed farto the vice district and hi time all bt- 

mteiHi ts RMUtmM StOkm. The hnn a U | aUu n of «• 


)«M> Irtag hi iais and 
Undioaa. Harcacain 


to know the character of the women and instances have eome to Vfhc 
where they have actually been enticed into their homes. The cfaiUrai 
run errands for these women and receire presents of candy and ink 
in return for such services. In one particnlar nistanre a womii so- 
licited from the doorway of a house while a chfld was ^hjmg m 
the porch. 

Special reference should be made here to the colored chfldm win 
are compelled to live in one of the colored commnnities on Sorth 
State street just outside the boundaries of the r e stri c te d dirtrict oi 
the South Side. 

It is said there are 173 saloons in Ms commnnity» many of wiridi aic 
given over to gambling and are frequented by immoral wonoi aid 
vicious men. In this neighborhood there are a great many iais aad 
assignation rooms occupied by pros ti tutes. 

Many colored and white children live among these inmoral uA 
degrading conditions. 

As these young colored girls reach maturity they easily fall a pfcjr 
to prostitution. Many of them are emplo3red in houses and flats of 
prostitution where they act as maids, cooks and attendants.' 

///. Disorderly Saloons and Schools. There are a number of n- 
kx>ns in the city frequented by dissolute and vidous men and ianMiil 
women in close proximity to school houses. One school proper^ ii 
particular on the North Side adjoins the lot on whidi a ^ysordcrlf 
saloon building is located. 

The rooms over the saloon are used for unmoral purp ose s , mi Ike 
school authorities testify that the children may see into ttcst 
from the school windows and from the playgrounds.* 

IV. Disorderly Saloons and Children. In additk» to tfie 
of schools to disorderly saloons, the investigation shows tkrt vtfT 
young boys are allowed to frequent disorderly salooos. The foh*" 
ing cases are typical : 

A boy about ten years of age Jinunie has Ii e qua lly h* 

seen selling gum after 18 :00 (TcIock nig^ in disrepolabk sdMS^ 

on South HJsted and West Madison ets. 

One evening a bov about fifteen ] i of age was loitmv ^ 

the rear room of a disorderly saloon < Chicago avenae. 

'See Chapter IV, "Soitroefl of Sitppbr" page US. 

*Thit U the Mine iakxm referred to hi Chapter III, page tSSL 


I the wu Kvcniecn yeut of age. Mod appeared to 
_ J hi thii niooa. 

I colored bor. wbo the bartender latd wu only fourteen yean 

• pisjioc Ibe violin tn another disorderly laloon. 
M i«r B0O tt HmstiCBtOT taw two very young boyi. one telling 
wn. dw otber bucking the ilioe* of the ptano player En the 
m of « ditrcputable aaloon on West Madison Street. There 
ar proatttnte* m thii room at the tame time who were solicitinf 
p> to rooma orer the taloon. 

b  oondiiion which ihoald be remedied, even if the State hai 
In and prorlde homes for luch children. 

'irifftu €md DtgfneraU Men. The court recordt thow that 
ind degencrale men tttk out young ttoys and gtrli and 611 their 
iih filthy and obtcene laggestioni and leach (hem lewd and ui>- 

practico. Some of theic men frequent the neighborhood 
d bouKS and distribute obscene cardt and lilerattire. They go 
: pvk» uid take liberties with innocent children. Some of these 
t i^fclM wn clMtNtic vcsemi dheitfi, ud ban ft toptt- 

iMt llMgr OB be enred of tiieir tronUe by tnuuferring It to i 
itamf pre Hhutet have tUa aame belief. Ai a result, limoctnl 

bMfc bojn aad girla, have been cowtammatcd. 
 period of two weeks die coarti tried three men on the 
if per wrthn the morals of yoanc girts. One offender vai 
Ift |tm of age. He waa foond guilty of trying to seduce tea 

• |Ws between ^ ages or eight and twdve. One man wu 
jMt of bkerifv ibovt tbe (Xlir ) sdmol on the South Si*, 
r ofcKMW pietnrcs wWch be gave to littie girls who west tk 
sL Hi alao offtrad Ibea mooey and had mined four or tM 
■ft W WM iadietad. 

■H mned (X11S8) rained • Uttk girl near tlie (XllM) 

■< ffft her « rqirtbensMe discuc. Tbe facts bmagt* oil 

W M latHaed die Jury that after beii« out i few mlanM 

nHB s verdict of rasetjMime yenr^ 

m fma naid (XllM) wa> alU tb« -doO ma" bnM 

MBi to yout^ (Ms to wIkmb be wm attracted. 

ti a ^iliili of (XUU) UainnkT, a aiaalKr of a kaA« 

* aa *a (XU4I) lida m •pfctbeaded. Ht bad a WM 
I a Ucrdo la tta paUk paib aad pcnaadi^ jroaaf |kk 
attapaikwittUav n wai prand *al bt bad ratad HMa 


of these girls, all under fourteen years of age. This man also pholo> 
graphed his victmis and a number of these pictures were seind wki 
he was arrested. One was a little girl not over ten jrears of age. 

Many such cases are available, but most of the details are too R- 
volting to print The public should be aroused in belialf of kttff 
protection of children from such dangers. 

VI. Venereal Disease Among ChUdrem. Oneof the saddest a^ctt 
of the whole problem of the so evil is the fact that bnadrBii of 
innocent children have become to by venereal diseases. 

During a period of twenty-: UMinths 600 diildren under tichc 

years of age have passed thn le venereal ward of the Code 

Qninty Hospital. Sixty per o of tie chfldren had been Shoooi^ 
infected, twenty per cent I le disease, and i we utfi i t ftr 

cent had been assaulted by < ed persons. About fifteen per cot 
had syphilis and eighty-five ] < :. ad gonorr h oea. 

At one time there was an epidemic of gonor rh oea amoQg fittk |pA 
in the contagious ward of the County HospitaL Eigfatj-iix ctfS ^ 
this dreadful disease were brought in by fifteen children. The k^t' 
ful results of venereal diseases among children are atamt ieff^ 




The economic and home conditions under which children wai ]PMt i 
people are compelled to work and live present many phases of dm* 
to their moral well being. 

/. Newsboys, Small boys are selling papers in and aboit (hi i^ 
stricted district, especially on the S ith Side. On Salnrdty #^ 
August 27th, investigator counted i mty newsboys iron devfoi 
apparently twenty years of age se { pipors at 11:00 o*dKk9i 
afterward. While the majority of the boys were over se f CBte i^ fi^ 
a number were much younger. 

Photographs were secured of four of these newsboys.^ One of Iki* 
boys was rescued and it was found that be had no boose nor 
to look after him. 

'Exhibiu A, B, C 

tm lOcuL znL m cuicaoo ^^ 

StttI Vndort. In additJoa lo tht Dcwibojri MUing (Mpen btc 
A* id the vicinity of rntiicted dlXricU, there tre many little 
knd firb enpfed in Klling fum near diionJertjr >od tmpkioui 
Nd hIooo* where prtntilntet were MUdting. The tollowinf kre 

Otlober 8th between T:30 and 9:30 P. M., invetti^tor taw ibt 
HWahatb arcnuc b«iweni (XltIS) and (Xliti) all atvparenily 

Hw ne of fcnirtefn. Tlieie boy* were Mlling jpim. At 10:15 

« Dm ume date, the lame boy? were ftill wiling fum in ihii 
y. In addition, three Imyt, two of whflm appeared to be fifteen 
ten yean of aft, and one about ten. were MJliof ntomiag 
L At 11:10 P. M. theie iime boys were in this vicinity, 
ir 11:00 A. M, inrettigator vitited the Stnd street restricted 

I aad uw »everal unaU boyt, bntb white and colored, telling 
r fiftn oa tSnd itreet. Theae boys were not oider thsn 

t P. H. Three boys, none of whom appeared to be over fifteen, 
« wcviB( knockcrbodters came out of a muscara of anatomy 
llfO) South Stale ttreet. 

P. U. Saw two girli of about eleven in con^ny of small boy 
" ~ *~ K gam It die coner of (X1187) and Rarriaon. The 

I M. Oa State atrcct is froot of (XllU) Maaenm, Noi 
!)• kiw «l abo«t loHrteai aeiliiif jtun on oomer of Van Boroi 
QIM). lO M l h wea t corMr, anotber boy of fonrtccn in conqmy 
ntoUs boya. 

t P. M. One b oy oa M ad atrcct near (X1170) aTCnoe. DM 
pHff to be adHf aiiylnJD^ 
Mf Mn larcwgMor taw M¥cral bojra from tcrai to nftem 

II ifc adHaf gOM and papera or the atrcct, and in the rear 
•C nboat m the West ^de. The foOowing arc aonw of the 
I when boy* o( Ak age were aeca: The (XllTl) Cafe, 
1) Soatt Hbhted atrcct (XU7S) laloon, (XllTi) South 
I itowt (Xim), (Xlire) South Halrtcd atrcct Oae boy 
Ma WW Mrd to ate volgar and obaccae kngnagc to s BU 

Mtaamftr B»y$. The (Xlin) Tdegraph Coapaay ocenpki 
a it (Xlin), wUdh h Odr acareit braadi oAec to one of Ihi 
M sivIciSb Tncfe m a b o at cipM amacngcr boya cmpioyvA 
■mlif lr«i iftcen to dgltoeB ycara of age. The najority of 
qwwceaMrad. There BeMcogcn arc called tyoa to work at al . 
I< At ^ Md Bight Ai part of tbdr dntkf Oqr taawcr cdi 
tavBHai^ to paKaaia laacn at acarby f ca t aan at^ oc to go 4ng 
 IMlllill <nni w* »irioi mld». la tkk w>7 Ika ■«■ 



senger becomes an important link in the system wherd»]r oocanK lad 
various other drugs used by habitues are secured by then. A ic 
instances illustrating this fact are as follows: 

(X1179), colored, who lives at (X1180) avenue, niesseoRr fo 
(X1181), works from 12:00 A. M. (midnight) to 10:00 A. lL.«tf 
called about September 1st by a prostitute known as (Xlltt) who 
occupies room (X1183) of the (X1184), a house of pnMtiUMi 
located at (X1185) Dearborn street, and was sent to a drug net 
owned by (X1186), (X1187) street, where he purchased a small pip- 
age of cocaine hydrochloride, which was wrapped and scaled vtt 
sealing wax. He paid $5.78 for this package and was given $1.00 bf 
prostitute as a tip for his service. Messenger (XI 179) ttpeui 
this errand about the middle of September and in addition pardttml 
a hypodermic needle for said (X1189) which she attempted to phtf 
upon the syringe she had. The needle did not fit and he was iki 
asked to return same, and secure another, which he did. the netb 
fitting this time. He was charged (2.00 for this needle, the ootto' 
the needle to the druggist being nineteen cents. Aboat ooe y/fi 
after this incident he was again called by (X1190) and was scntoai 
diflPerent errand, being told she had discontinued the use of wer 
senger boys for the purchase of "dope" as she remarked, They tiW 
too much and cannot be trusted." She further said that she was 00* 
having a newsboy, who sells papers at the immediate comer, parcktft 
the cocaine for her. 

Another instance which occurred during the month of October: 
This same messenger was called by madame (X1191) who Uits a 
an apartment buildmg at the comer of (X1192) and (X1193) aveiK 
and is the proprietor of a house of prostitution called by her a" 
name and sometimes known as (X1194), located at (X1195) Deirbon 
street. She is also the owner of other property in the re^ridcd ^ 
trict. Madame (X1191) is in the habit of calling up Mr. (XlW) 
and ordering a certain quantity of cocaine, who in turn caUs this as* 
senger boy and sends it out to her residence. This messcofff >> 
one time, opened one of the packages, and suspecting it was coaat 
sniffed some of the stuff himself, and proved conclusively dicrcbT 
that it actually was cocaine. He stated that he had done this a cad* 
siderable number of times since and seemed to have derived a fi^ 
'deal of pleasure out of it 

A man whose name this messenger has forgotten, but who ^ 
on the second floor of the building at the comer of (Xll91a) WA 
and (X1198) avenue, sends him about three times a month to a pbtt 
owned and operated by a Chinaman at (X1199) South dark stnA 
where he secures a package of opium, and for which he pays %M 
Upon returning from one of these trips, he watched this man op0 
the package and take a quantity of the stuff, which looked very 90 
like tar to him, and roll and heat it At this point the niesscnger w 
told to leave the room. 

This messenger boy (X1200) is about seve nt een years old and kai 

m BOCUI. EVIL IN cuicaoo 

e of the (XlSOI) Company i( Ihti particular office 
It yt*n and nuk« an averaK of about flO.OO per week, 
a. Menially he h i>o4 very bright, rather undersized for 
■fc, and at present ifHictcd with syphtlit of three months' 

he. (Xlt03) U a little boy of foreign parentage. He ii 
on old and lives at (X1204) South Slate street. He 
m cotuMerable pride in showing his knowledge of the 

He told investigator coniidenlially that he has often 
I by policemen. t% well >i ordinary citizens, who tnauire 
Efe he invariably says is eighteen. Recently he has been 
>llcn to (Xl3t03). house of prostitution. (X1S06) Dear- 
rbtn a prottitule whose name he has forgotten, gives him 

Mie (O Mr. (X)S07). The box when filled costs 
iof to the woman he tells her that he paid KM for the 
I iBftktn( aevenly-five cents. She would then give him 
tipb On one of his trips for her to Mr. (XlEOT), he 
Me and read it ft was just a requisition for cocaine. 

did not have the little boi he usually took to the drug 
w cocaine was delivered to him in a small bottle. He 
ntUe and placed some of the contents upon his tongue, 
ke (he sensation and so never repeateil it. He has a habit 
f clfvttc ciKu that niTe been diicaraed and amoldnf 

M w cof nl i e tbem at iMit Wberterer be oocne* into a 
dtaMkia the Kirb fondle nini and nearly alwajrs Idaa bim. 
taMa be has bad lores ob hit lipa.' 
ff), a U^ Mbool boT, was envloyed by the (XISIO) 
ha jBWBtown dirtrict dnrhi( Qnistmas week of last year. 
•Mtrcr a mesaage i* a boase of pro ati t uti on at (Xull). 
boa be de ll refej the messaM offered to eotiMt with hint 

)■ M a XbriMoMS pnaeat, she ttattng that it was die 
Am for wwnnger boys on OiriBtmaa day. 
Im edw bajv wboae pbotofra|rfis were secured by the 
■d who arc cnplojnd by the (XlSlO) Tckgr^ Con- 
■bkled dlitifcl an (XlSlS). (XltU) Dcarbom street. 
k (Xltl4)>, colored. (XU»), white. (Xlllt) Went- 
.«taaei«cr No. (X1S1T)<, and messencer Na (XlllS), 
na not sacnrcd.* These boys hare bad sbnilar expcri- 
bort alao state that at varteBs thnea tbcy bare been eaOad 

to bouses of prostittttioii to perfonn small personal serf 

On October 8tb at 11:40 P. IL, messenger Na (XU 
peared to be aboat nineteen years of age^ was sent with 
the (X1222) oflke at (Xlt2d) and (XISM) to a ho 
tntion at (X1225) •Dearborn street At 12dM) A. IL 
boy was seen coming oat of this house. 

///. Girls Emphyed in Various OccupaHoms. Thi 
been treated in full elsewhere in this report It is sho 
young girls who work in factories, department storei 
taurants, hotels, and as domestic servants, are subject to 
and temptations.^ 

IV. Home Condiiions. Bad home conditions often dr 
ters of the family into prostituion and the sons into li 
In such cases the parents are indifferent or ignorant Tl 
children to seek improper amusements without questiot 
Many cases have come to light where girls have gone lo 
theater and remained away from home all night telling 
they stayed with girl friends. Again, they are not req 
home at any hour, the door is left unlocked and the wajf 
return at all hours of the night Many families in the 
tricts take in boarders who sleep in the same room witl 
the family. This accustoms children to the presence of 
it is no wonder that they lose their moral sense and eai 
improper attentions of others. 

The time has come in Chicago when better housing ooa 
be studied and applied. The population in certain quarti 
is becoming more and more congested. Aside from tii 
suiting from insanitary conditions, bad housing breeds vi 

The Commission commends the Association of Com 
recent step in appointing a committee to study and report 

y. Rooming Houses and Hotels. One of the chief 
rounding out of town girls and boys who are employe 
is the cheap rooming and boarding houses. 

*See Chapccr IV, "Soarect of Snppij," pace Its. 

|ta the Juvnile Court are underfed and have no home care 
[. They sometimes start by stealing food to eat Out of 
o( anemic children come proatitnte* and criminals. The 
 coBMne ud i the Board of Edncatioa in ita attempts to Meet 
an b7 the lak of food at cost to the pupils. For the safe^ 
I fed as wdl as io sjnqialbjr with the tmderfed, the tmlbr- 
rid aa cared for and protected. 

Jm^icymnt A^tueitt. Sook of the employment agencies in 
ivc been more or less carelcas in the past in abeying Um law 
I icadin( of girls as soraats to immoral or suqiidOni 
H cnndiHow ia this respect arc better now than Acjr have 
■t thne, bat the dai^er still Inrfcs in these places.* 


fding of proper an m se ments for yonng peofde in the Ckj 
ii one of the chief duties of the Mnnidpalify and prhrale 
, TW amu s emen ts of one's leisnre hours has more to do 

I or any on 

■Bcaaeat ia a matter of dwicc. It should therefore ba pot- 
I yo^ng p eopl e to have an opportunity for proper amn^ 

/. Cheap Theaters. The fire tnd ten cent tbcatcn wUdi 1 
sprung up all over the city are coaducted in .an orderly 
entertainment consisting of moving picturea is generally 
vaudeville acts and singing are very often coarse and mdmi i 
vulgar but not immoraL The great danger seems to be Ait d 
always besets children congregated without proper sup er fiii oa 
believe that the pictures are a menace to the eyes, wbiA wil be A 
later in life. The use of glass screens wkh lighted interior o^Ai 
would undoubtedly do much to remove moral daggers and qfC tfi 

The police are to be commended for their strict censorship ova 
fihns exhibited in Chicago. No film may be shown without tte l| 
ture of the General Superintendent of Police. 

It IS estimated that there are over 310 of these places of anna 
in Chicago. Investigations by individuab in te rest e d in the wd 
of children have pointed out many instances where children have I 
influenced for evil by the conditions surrounding some of tfKSC in 
Vicious men and boys mix with the crowd in front of the tbcalffi 
take liberties with very young girls. 

The men and boys outside the theaters speak to the jonv I 
and invite them to go to the show. 

In one very respectable residential district three very scriom tt 
have happened in connection with these theaters. 

A man by the name of (XlBSO), a proprietor of one of dwK ak 
theaters, assaulted fourteen young girls. 

Another man, seventy-six years of age« was in the habit of oA 
young girls to go to the show. 

At another theater the stage manager co mmi t te d a sctmi oIb 
with several little boys. 

AH these things happened in t afternoon. 

Many liberties are taken with yo ; girls within the theater tt 
the performance when the place is m total or semi-darknai^ I 
and men slyly embrace the girls near them and offer eertain iuSfi 

The following extracts from conferences with widely known vsri 

on the influence of the nickel theater in child pi ectkm are W 

of note : 

"I think the nkkel theaters have i oral ndcncj. WU 

believe some are instructive, the stncrai y is towaid 

nnnmlity. I know a good many of my yi grla have loU 

IwTTM came >hn diqr aUnded idckd tfwitan. TIh 
fccoiJact then) Mjr kl Bdn^r  fkbt Ml ttM Ihom in- 
K lU dm of Mipta «h0 fB tbm oftOBcs, bM dior are aot 
■jhiu l d be. TM ifgiN dw to dMoe hiBi m4 k one <rf 
■■KCi of their JomfaL 

 ibc nklic] tbealv h s wcwU m ilitkia for vieb In the 
ai from the type of fklam ofin Aom there; b the mcobiI 
on te woeiilioiii Oftm yeai( pMpl* v* wttboat siqMr- 
■4 k it an euy inrflir for  wnnf c haracter to gat acqnabced 
Ehl Evil minded mmm cm vcnr cai&jr make aa aequaii ~ 
has it mnldii't he fOMMl aidtr oOer drOMMtancea. 
id ihentcra escrt a* evi UbNaea. Paieata aad in tome cam 
n tctfUr thMttM^atirted in dMH D^M8. Tbqr 
to keep Ihe dwdriM omI away tram iK>iie at la^tit 

m hnmoesl fatnre h ceHeetln wMk the die^ theater ia the 
r nigbie and oooditioaa kmk oa the atafe. Woricen amonf de- 
I giflB teatifjr thu th«e an dm infloeocea that firat itartad 

• we fine into mnndCM Jifeas 

V |irti fraa 11 jrean of afe oa have a dimatic teaden cy . 
■r of the moner nade oa the ttagc end tliejr become anxkmi 

V hdfare dw polic. They get acquainted with an usher or 
ilhepeopltoattieitate; they will do anything to get a chance, 
Iraameamatenr night?' 

iHHnl Maencee back of the Uagc are very bad. I know 
eaae where two prb and two fcllowi limpIy that tiie doon 
■f Aa dreaihig fooms, and itaycd there for a kmg while, and 
ttm tte downiafl of die girli was brought abouL''^ 
f neatera have Iktk drwing roonu, and many of tlie girfl 
It over nWit Many girls tell themselves in order to get on 
I ttfoR laa pobUe. Then they find they can make easy money. 
 idea h to get before die puMic I think it is one of die worit 

kea oofl* aol to be permitted oa the stage. The tow agahut 
laialf aot calorced. we have ddmqnent giria II to II yean 
ato have been on the stage on amateur nights. A little girl 
: H who had been on the stage at a Ave cent show dancn^ 
ai haradl a 'profcaakiaaL"' 

|i taa n aoaAcr of die^ barleaqtw tbeaten which have a 
fa^f laiaaaea opoa yoong boya and men. The actresiet ai 

• IhaM ckeap thowi hnee no modesty. The men loiiiiectad 
t aMartaiHaMat are erea worae to their actkma, and imgiirfhw 
il iHgaaga are aacd oa tta stage. In ooe of these ihowt oa 
ml aoma weeks age a braaen womea gave a shocktaf av- 
al la okaeaaa aad MV**ti*a daaee. She threw gartnra to the 


audience as souvenirs while small bojs in the gallery booted and nde 
noisy demonstrations during her performance. There are irfi i itf* 
shows on State street, ahnost in the heart of the basiness dtHrict 
where an announcer inside the building makes a suggestive speech lo 
entice the audience to descend to the basement where daaoen tnm 
the "Orient will stu- their blood and make them fed like rttl mm.* 

These cheap and vulgar exhibitkms are crowded with jrooig kfs 
and men to whom they cater. 

//. Immoral Liierature and Pictures. IVobatkMi oficers eooMctti 
with the Juvenile G>urt testify that a great many delinqoeflt pU 
have been influenced for evil by improper Uteratnre and pidorci 
This matter is often prmted on the backs of the bosiDess cards o{ 
saloon keepers and invitatkms to dances. Investigators have odkOd 
a quantity of these cards. In additXNi, printed poems dcacrUl 
in a most suggestive and obscene manner the experience of kucn 
have also been found in circulation in the rear rooms of saloosL 

A young man in this city has a collection of obscene books of the 
vilest type. He lends these books to hb friends. Another ana htf 
a collection of vile pictures and obscene poetry which he eiUkiB> 
Many of these are in possession of the Oxnmission. 

The bill boards still present advertisements of certain shows wWeh 
could well be censored. 

A boy of fifteen, a pupil in the high school, said the other hof> 
were in the habit of passing lewd pictures and addresses of woaica ii 
the restricted districts among themseh *s. One day thb bogr M 
preparing to visit the district when he was prevented from doiac 9^ 

Young girls have been seen with hand written copies of 
poems which were passed from one to i )ther. 

There are also vulgar and suggestive advertisements of 
and cigars in circulation. Some of these cards arc drcolatcd Igf ^ 
called reputable firms and are in possession of the Commissinn 

///. Confectionary and Ice Cream Pariors, A city otdkaaff it 
dares that it shall be unlawful for any person owamf, coniatfiiC 
or managing candy and fruit stores or ice cream pariora to dtav t^ 
nude under the age of twenty-one ] s or any female imdcr tlK 
of eighteen to remain in ±pim reen the hours of 1040 P*1L 

«Qd7K)0A.M. un [by or 1 nta. ThUtf" 

im socuL KTOi n cncAoo 

it farUds Ukm tWrti to mtinUin curtaini, Krecni or 
•f aajr kiod tkal will terre to divide tuch pliccs into snuU 
Mnpsitmenli. The penalty i» a line of (rom $fi to 1100 
feme.' An injunction hat bc«n issued restraining the en- 
9f Ma ordinance The Commisston frel* that if this in- 
nadc pennancnt it irtll work a ptat injustice to many help- 
ifwdected children. 

K> doubt that condilinai surrounding many of theic cand; 
Urei and ice cresm parb>r> in certain districts of the ciljr 
arty danKeroui to young boys and girls. In fact the court 
w that a large number of young girls have been ruined in 

wing typical instances came under the observation ot in- 
of Ibf Commission during its study: 

lOth. fXlSSO), confectionary and ice cream soda parlor, 
reet. Two girls and Iwo boys were seen in thi'i place after 
',. The girlt apprirnt tn br from fiffrn tri sixteen yt»t<i 
hoft Inm fcvcnteen to twenty. There was a Japanese 

• room, which could be u*ed to put around ttUci. Ow 
look bold of the brcait of one of the girls and took other 

IMk (XltSS) Kitchen. Confeettonary and ice cream 
IM) itrcct. One girl and four boyt at this place after 
. Tm girf appeared to be sixteen yean of «gc ; the boys 

• ts a tre m ee n . A screen wu in the room, whicfa 
■d to go voond the tables. There wai a room in tiie rear 
l4 off (ram die ice cream parlor. 

IM. (XltM). (XltW; street Ice cream loda and 
J. SmnI girlt and boyt were teen in thb place at 
. Two of die prii uocarcd to be IS, and 3, IS year* of 
ft 14 to M. One of the jrounger boys asked a girl to 
id tkty wookl |D to die hallway where they could 1^ by 

IMl Ogifi, candy, loda and dmgs. (XlSM) and 
Om firi wmI (oar boyi were lecn in this place at 10:41 
gM appeared to be IC, and the boys from IB to IS yean 
I girl *u a c c ony nied by ode of the bon, and the other 
Mug (no of ban (or going aroand witti a "dikitea." 
Ml (XltM) •tore, (XllW) araiue. Two gkb and 
wt Mea in tU» ptece at 1040 P. M. The girl* ap- 
■- Inm U to IT and die bon (ram 15 to It yean o( afc . 
tilii b dd> pbot^ whidi can be ■m^pd araoad m 



tables. One of the bp3r8 was seen conducting himself in in indeoeflt 
manner with one of the girls. Their names were MtLj and Frei 

October 10th. (X1240) ; ice cream and candy. (Xltil) ifcnne. 
Two girls and one boy were seen in this place at 11:30 P. IL Tk 
girls appeared to be 13 to 16 years of age^ and tint boy 17. 

October 11th. (X1Z42), confectionary and ice cream parior; 
(X124d) street. Eleven girls and 9 boys were here at IIJO P. IL 
The youngest of the girls appeared to be 15 and tfie Toungest boy 11 
Two girls about 16 were flirting with two boys» and when the kjjfs 
left the girls followed them. One of the girls flirted with the mr 
vestigator and he sat down at the table with htr. She said she was 
17 years of age and "hung out" most of the time in (X1M4) sakoa. 
She further stated that her name was Geor;^ (X1S45)» and cok 
from the upper peninsula of Michigan. She is a prostrate and tslotf 
men to the (X1246) hotel, (X1247) street 

October 11th. Ice cream parlor, (X1248) Soodi (Xlt49) street 
Eight girls and 5 boys were seen in this place at 10:S0 P. M. The 
youngest of the girls appeared to be 16 and the yotmgcst boy IT. 
Three girls who appeared to be 16 were acting very giddy, and oae 
of the boys told the investigator that tiiey were "to be had." 

October 13th. (X1250), drug store and ice cream parlor, (X15IOi) 
street. Five girls and 3 boys were in this place at 11:35 P. M.; tiK 
youngest of the girls appeared to be 11, and the youngest boy 19 yean 
of age. 

October 13th. Ice cream parlor, (X1251) street. Poor girls and 
6 boys were in this place at 10 :35 P. M. The youngest of the fids 
appeared to be 15, and the youngest boy 18 jrears of age. Thcrt 
was a curtain in the room, which could be arranged arooad 
the tables; also a door to rooms in the rear. One of the girb was 
alone, and she afterwards went out on the street and met a fcfiov 
on the comer, and walked away with him. 

October 13th. Ice cream parlor. (X1257) street Three firb 
and 4 boys were seen in this place at 11 :10 P. M. The youQCCSt of 
the girls appeared to be 18 and the youngest boy 19 years of aft 
There was a screen around one of the taUes in the room. 

October 13th. Ice cream parlor; (X1258) street Three firi» 
and one boy were seen in this place at 11 M P. M. The yonmcst of 
the girls appeared to be 15 and the boy about 17 years of age. 

October 13th. Ice cream parlor, (X1259) street Fhre girb sad 
6 boys were seen in this place at 11 :30 P. M. The youngest of tk 
girls appeared to be 16 and the youngest boy 18 years of age. That 
were booths and stalls arranged on both sides of the room* where 
t>c could be by themselves. There was a door le^Uog lo rooai 

v/aober 14th. Ice cream parlor; (X1960) street Seven girb aad 
9. boys were seen in this place at 11:45 P. M. The yotn^pest of the 
p'rls appeared to be 16, the yoongest boy 18. TWe was a room 

Mi fa At nv riilil tmad toner. The roon alto coaMuti 

■t topm anmMl tht tabltt. 

l«h. kt cmn ptrlor, (XltSl) tmtt Rvt girlt tad S 
■MB hi thitpltet tt UM P. IL The foongcft of the 
f«i to It M tM tht j fo ufett boy IT jctrs of tf^ There 

til lofhi| tiiotlifi' fcBoWf tod the ttidf I know 

kt cmn ptrlor. (XUet) tireet Poor girlt tod 
MhithitpltctMlOJI P. IL The joongeft of the 
Id he M tad tilt yomnfr boy 18 jetrt of tge. There 
hi nt fftif of tUt fooBL 

PMb; Sochd w o rh e r t who htft ptU ptiticnhr 
hi MMntOMoe ptrkt dechurt thtt fa»f H fHtf 
to thtir Mlitt thovhw t Itxity of topenritioo tnd of tht 
I Mpfm tanoMidhin jfonpf sUt who frtfoent ttteie pitcet iof 

PwbKc Pmrks. No definite investigttion wts mtde of the 
feioM hi poblk ptrks by the Commbsion. Other orgtnizttiofit, 
rver, htve r epot ted on the ttme. ^These investtgttions show that 
! tre cvn h Mo en c et m such pitcet. During the summer time jooqc 
li e qiieut these pieces tnd sit tround on the grass with boys, or |o 
then iolo the dtrk comers tnd tmong the shrubbery tt night^ 
ridd, Douglts tnd Ltncohi ptrks tre mentioned where thm 
none htve been observed* 

le GnmistioQ r e c o mmen ds t better lighting of the ptrks; the 
ival of teats from the deep shtdows tnd better policing. Sctrcb- 
I uujght be of tssisttnce to the proper policing of such spots u arc 
uvcieu oy tre qgncs* i 

\ Lskg 5lMM#fj. InvestigttKNis of cooditkms on the Itkc 
itrt which ctler to holidty tnd excursion crowds shows thit 
! hotis tCord mtny opportunities for immortl practices, 
icte bottt then mast be conskiered ts tffordnig dtngers to yoatC 
It whkh OMMI be rigoroosly gutrded tgainst* 

• Otflir ly. "Sotfces of Svppljr pi«c tlS. 

• a i mr tV, -Sotfces of Sapflj*^ ptot tis. 



There is a difference of opinion whether children hdow the ife of 
puberty should be taught sex hygiene in schools. That dicy shooU 
be taught this subject is beiog widely disofssed. Both sides pmeti 
trgiiment for and against At this period of e xp e rim ent in the pdUk 
or semi-public education of sex hygiene to children, under ftmteai 
or fifteen years of age, the Commission is convinced the m of cawt b » 
early in its development that it furnishes little absohite proof of its fake 
and therefore it would hesitate to make recommendation. It b lie 
bounden duty as well as the privil^^e of fathers and mothcfs, hov- 
ever, to teach their jroung children such facts as are ncce ssai y to 
guard them from the dangers of immoral lives. But this is pr^ 
eminently the work for parents and not for schools or for paUc 
societies. Beyond the age of puberty or in colleges or universities tM* 
may be done with safety and probably good results if done widi att 
and from the viewpoint of morals, as well as the care of the physical 

There are parents, unfortunately, who do not fed capable or wiSif 
to undertake to teach children the knowledge of sex hygiene. It b 
not an easy duty in many instances, but a very necessary one. Wbei 
such is the case a father has recourse to a very excellent teacher for 
the son, the family physician. In the case of the mother, her mt 
ternal instinct will suggest how to protect her daughter. 

Where children have no parents the Commission feds tfait theie 
children should be taught necessary knowledge by those who are tkeir 
moral guardians. If the child be in an institution then by ^Mse h 
charge of the same ; if wards of tlie court, then by probatkxi oftocn 
of the same sex ; and for those in school without advisers, by Ibt 
teachers of the school in private interviews. 

It is most desirable that coU^^e students of both sexes shori^ 
receive instruction in sex hygiene. The greatest emphasis shonid k 
placed upon their responsibility m protecting future generatkaw tnm 
hereditary immoral tendencies and phjrsical degeneratkm. 

Books and other literature on the subject are limited and sooe 
of them unfortunate, or based upon error or misvalned cvidcact 
Consequently, great care should be used in sdectuy or advising os 
that subject 


ht Cwninion presents tfie foUowiiif brief history of the |>rei- 
iJ i rit i oiiil m oy em ent y both in this country and abroad, for the 
alioa and protection of joong people of both sexes. 
ha atanHW /«aliir# of tfiis educational effort is that its teach- 
vaa planned to be, and has been moral and helpful as well as ky- 
k ami MdtoHfk. In other words, it has not endeaTored to delve 
al tte details of Tice, and spread before the public all the re- 
hwMSS and depr a v i ^ of people who lead Ihres of rice, but the 
torn has been to fire yooqg men such information as will be 
M to them hi controlliQf their own paMion or to assist them in 
fl^f tte vice and depravity into which their uncontrolled eroo- 
i nntare may lead them. 
fela tUs educational work has pointed out the consequences of 

and tte causes which lead many into unmorality, it has en- 
ored lo place the emphasis upon those things which are norma] 
rffht In addition this educational program includes instructions 
rdtng things which make for the health and welfare of the family, 
to a proper regard for the sense of honor which is a part of the 

of normal men and women. 

matters of sexes, as in other problems of life, knowledge withoat 
r is a power without a guide. In much of the best recent liter- 
^ the questkm of honor is taken for granted rather than ex- 
led. Nevertheless, the basic principle is justice to others as well 
roidance of injury to one's self. 

r nearly one hundred years European cities have been trying to 
DC the volume of venereal disease by medical and sanitary ef- 
Disease, however, has persisted unchecked, statistics often 
ing an increase in spite of all the sanitary efforts available. 
Dy, in 1899, an Internationa] Gxigress was called to meet at 
lels, and discuss every known means of reducing this constantly 
nig peril. Many people expected great results from a sanitary 

of view from thu conference. It developed, however, that 
the su ppor t er s of sanitary control of vice could not give as fa- 
lie a report as they wished to, and freely admitted they were 
pointed with the result of their efforts, 
lis International Qxtncil after discussing the matter for setcral 

faaBy disbanded, with the recommendatkm they report ao 


definite conclusions to their respective g ov eri u nc n ts, ind with the m- 
derstanding that this subject would be studied further, and a sccoid 
council meet in 1902. 

The results of the second council were similar to those of the inl, 
except that it was finally decided that the only hope for reteof 
present distressing conditions was to organise an edncatioaal dfat 
along both sanitary and moral lines. 

The deliberations of this G>ngress crystaUised into the ooBfictei 
that the preventive measures hitherto employed were insnfcinil wH 
ineffective. It was decided also that the whole question oMHt k 
studied anew, from a broader standpoint, with special l e fe reac e to 
the social conditions involved in the causation of tiiese diseases, b 
was recognized that vice was a voluntary evil, and diat moral, as ifi 
as medical issues were involved. 

One of the American representatives to this Congress was aolkr- 
ized by the society to organize in America, Societies of Samtaiy vA 
Moral Prophylaxis. 

After four years of hard work, the American Society of Saatvy 
Ind Moral Prophylaxis in New York Gty was organized in Feb- 
ruary of 1905. This society was compc td of some of the most proD- 
inent members of the medical pro ion, and others intereited is 
public welfare. Their plan of work v as soon approved by pcopit 
in other conununities and similar societies were organized in FUh- 
delphia, in Chicago and elsewhere. The Chicago Society beariif tk 
name of "The Chicago Society of Social Hygiene,** was oiganized is tk 
spring of 1906. Since then some twelve or fifteen similar dty or ftmi^ 
organizations have sprung up in d t parts of the United Sttle% 

and one in Mexico. These have all be i composed of medical peopk 
and others, and they have had the benefit of some of tfie best nwficil 
advice in their communities. As a c quence, the general pubBc 
come to realize as never before the ount of disease and phj"'*' 
suffering caused by vice, and i to be derived by a 

freedom from vice in a co y. Up to the present time 

of the education has been di towards youqg men and 

parents, or towards assisting Y. M. C A. and colkge aiUh orife 
giTing young men such information as i to 

clangers incident to the association % \ ' '. 

I pnjTSictafu. ine nccessicy lor sucn wotk, ana me value 
rk given, has been very much appreciated by a large number 
in scTcral of the cities of the United States. 
t aockCy to andertake the ling of Soda! Hygiene to 
was the Oikafo Sodety of Social Hygiene, teach- 
a hygenic and medical point of view, and endeav- 
or to reach yooqg men. Second, the Chicago Woman's 
hfav from the standpoint of a proper protection of women 
TMrdt the Illinois Vi re Association, organiicd 
of a anion mectin of ministers' associations, 
rk of teaching jrouog men 1 perhaps progressed farther 
^pHsbcd more than among the people of any other class, 

those especially interested in the public welfare. Thb 
iS been aooomplished throufh lectures delivered to colleges 
. C A.'s, ttsoaOy by physic ans. For the past four years 
Im de li ve re d a lecture on reproduction and sexual hygiene 
[ die hrge colleges in the 1 ddle West and many of the 

A.'s hi the larger cities fi Denver to New York. 
■• the State Board of Health has taken up the 
At Chairman of the Board or one of his assistants goes 
17 Svoday and oocaskmaO]! duri the week, to talk be- 
( Chd» hi cha ' : c , or other organisatkws. 

B«(o Society of Hyi le and I okane Society of Social 

HwieiM luiic i Ml frtifr Ir i« raftflfd ''^xual Hr- 



the quality of the work is of more importance diaa die qautitf, it- 
though a large quantity it urgently needed and should be suppfied d 
rapidly as skill and care can manage. 

The following extracts are from statements nnde hy repremMs- 
tive workers among children selected from amoqg twen^Hia who 
ippeared with others in conference with the ConmisskML Tky rep- 
resent fairly the general opuixm of the twenty-«x wto discmcd tk 

"I am ver^ far from being committed broadly to the ides of 
teaching social hygiene in tne public schools. It dcpeadt » 
tirely upon the ag^ of the child and in what grade it b to k 
taught. It is a matter of the greatest difficulty to mtft fik is- 
struction properly, and I am very much in doubt wlie&er it woiU 
accomplish much ^;ood. 

When you consider how few parents have the moral or meatil 
equipment to discuss this question with tiieir children I iosk- 
times think it is better to leave them without definite iustimli is 
from such sources.^ 

"The time has come when the teachers should be hatr uct f J 
to teach the children. This does not mean that th^r must td 
them everything about the ph3rsio]ogy of the human body, but it 
does mean they must change their attitude about this matter, afti 
instead of talxing about the stork, talk plainly; otherwise, they 
will be on the wrong track. I am quite in sympathy with the 
movement to teach social hysiene in the public schools. This 
should be done by changing the trend of thought, and the fom 
of expression, and gradually by introducing actual physiobp 
study. The peculiar thing about the public school teaching oi 
physiology as it is now taught is that it is a ph3rsiology of ani- 
mals and does not touch the physk>logy of man, as related to re- 

"It depends a good deal upon the age of the children, as to 
whether or not th^ should be taught physk>k)gy in the public 
schools. Some children are capable ot understanding instruc- 
tion in that science at a much earlier period than others. Yoo 
will find some girls ten years of age who understand more about 
the science of life and evil than others at fifteen. It would be 
hard to suggest any age at which it would be. proper to com- 
mence teaching. I believe that parents or the guardians of diiUrea 
should teach these delicate subjects. It is nqr couvictioo, gen- 
erally speaking, that the kmger children are kepi inBoeenft dK 
better odculated it is to promote goodness." 


n in fivor of teaching phjriiology to school children, but 
M not w»h to ^vc an opinion regarding the age when 
[b|ect ihoald be taught. I feel sure that when they reach 
f Ibejr ought to know. This lubjcct should be impartcil 

diDdren uirough the tchools, brcauK we have so large a 
r of parenti who will not do it I know personally ot 
rho have been allowed to come to the marriage age with- 
irard of instruction; their mothers say they could not talk 

•nbjtct with their daughters, t do not t^licve innocence 
Ronnc« go hand in hand. I think a girl brought up on a 
iOoM see the natural processes; she knows the secrets of 
thout being taught. She is just as innocent as the city 
n baa never seen anything. The mothers of Italian girls 
•rry at foarteen or fifteen years of age have been per- 
fnak with them, yet these girls arc perfectly innocent 
I in aympathy with the morement to teach social hygiene 
tfcnnce to morals in the public Kbools." 

mtssMM, therefore, heartily recommends the further study 
and eSeetiul methods of teaching s«i hygiene to young 
od the age of puberty, especially to jroung men. For 
e page 0S. 


Chapter VI 

Rescue and Refonn. 

Chapter VI. 

Rescue and Reform. 

.! / 


The Social Evil presents one of the sombre phases of modem Sit 
Perhaps there is no problem more complex and baflKqf widua tk 
range of present day experience. The evils of which it is tte caM 
and the perils with which it besets the Ihres of even the porcst aid 
least suspecting members of the social order afford ample jasdfai- 
tion f or the most earnest efforts to abate and eooquer it 

In the discussion of the means of rescue and refomiv it is astanl 
that emphasis should be placed upon institutioos and afencies whick 
have proved of value or promised relief. Yet it must be l e m e mli cr d 
that the most serious evils of this traffic in virtue are not phyacri 
but moral, and that the most effective means of co un teracting tkfl 
must ever be in the elevation of the moral sentime n t of the am- 
munity to a sense of individual responsibility for upright ooodact is 
behalf of decency and virtue. 

The safety of the city as of the nation, lies in the intdUfOKC^ 
morality and ethical sensitiveness of the people. And the agoKicii 
educational, moral and religious, which inspire and p romote tkie 
qualities are the truest safeguards. 

With a sure and unfailing emphasis upon these primary fodon is 
the problem it is appropriate that attention be given to the 
problems connected with the work of rescue and reform. 

A. Social changes. The community is undergoing great 
social and political changes which affect the status of 
women. They are evidenced by: 

I. The disproportionate increase in the number of wage 
women as compared with wage earning men, and widi femak ptpt- 
lation. The twelfth census (1900) reports that €fiO0/M wmtM 
were then wage earners outside their homes, and it is aniicip a id i 1W 
the thirteenth census (1910) will find 9,000,000 wooMn 
wage earning pursuits. Between 1890-1900 gainfully 
women increased more rapidly than gainfully employed warn 1m 
ber, and more rapidly than the female population. 


n. Tht dUi*E|ritioo of the oUer fonm of faflutj life lod 
l^licilinB of dhwrctt oUaiaed cm ftm MOtJon of the wife: Dnr- 
tbe peel nrartj ween MifiOO ditoreee heve beca grenled b the 
SMee; t wo^ hWe el the reqpeel of wooieB who hi non 
Mve MewMO ine uufoiii oi loppofiH^ mcaiieivciy ana otien oi 

EL The yeiliil iilmininw of wooieB to polilkel prrrikfes: For 

foecnHMals tend to ghre el leeil the nwinicipel 
to womoL WUk Iheie cheofee ere Ml of sodi e dnr- 
ee 10 praswe me ofcnorow oi me ilium w n oi proeuu* 


me leBQie eBO leiuiw oi womcB who nefe peceow 

b ii of the ceecaoe of Ae hmnorel ed Ihel Oe two 

s ete mvolveda aw^ ^prtlioB <» me ■MBorel men iiv howevcTt 

to other reports^ while thu diecnssion b derolcd exdusirelj to 

girl, tcmi-deliiiqiiciil or detinqtieiil* end tiie women icmi-profet- 

■I or prof ctiiooeL 

. RimMons for CMct of Immunol Life by Women. One result 
heee cheofee in tiie sletns of respectable women is m gradoel al- 
tioo in the altitnde of respectable women towards their disrep- 
de sisters, and the recognition of the fact that the position of the 
rptahlf woman can be readily understood only when the effect 
theee changes upon die tastes, the possibilities, the opportunities 
fpfable women is considered. The problem then of rescue and 
em of these women who hare supplied the demand for purposes 
has now been reoogniied as one belonging to the whole 
r, to be sohred only with the help of both decent men and 
and as one so complicated that the formulation of adequate 
is extremely dificuh^ 
. brief discussion of die apparent causes for the selection of this 
by women is ftsmtial to a discussion of their subsequent rescue 
 it A removal of these causes would act in a prerentive man- 
UfltD they are f emoved subsequent and remedial treatment of 
e hmd wB remain neeessary. The di£kulties which surround 
varione eSorts to eare for and reform girls and proslitotes are 




largdy inherent in social life and industrial conditions. Sodat intt- 
tutions and public opinion lag behind industrial demands, and of aoooa- 
ditions is this more true than of those under which women and |vb 
offer themselves in the labor market; and it is true not only of coi- 
tions in Chicago but in the entire United States, in Eoghnd, and oi 
the Continent. 

In public opinion, also, women prostitutes have been in the pist all 
grouped together ; young and old, confirmed prostitutes and girii vho 
have made but their first misstep, were all placed in one dassi as im- 
pelled into the life by their own evil inclinations. 

This naive explanation to account for such a prevalent 
still survives among those whose experience of life has been so 
ited as to allow them no conception of the sobde and 
social conditions which produce the social eviL 

In the public conscience neither was any discriminaHon mde 1^ 
tween the various degrees of responsibility for cvQ-doing, aor aay 
effort exerted in economic or social directions to lessen the sappfy» 
and return the victims to society, which has never in law or 
tion sufficiently recognized the strength and force of titut sex 
This instinct has been ignored in educational methods, and sodctf 
has sought to correct its abuses by punishing the woman, and by ct- 
acting from her absolute chastity under pain of social deaidL Thn 
the evil, nourished by silence, unchecked by wise enl ightmca t, htf 
grown apace. The social conscience, however, b now awakeao^ wd 
recognizes that the causes which produce the social evfl, which ia 
truth is the most unsocial of all evils, are as varied at the 
who supply the demand. 

Among these causes a few may be enumerated. The 
stress of industrial life on unskilled workers, wiUi its cafecbfiiV ^ 
fluence on the will power; the large number of sea tonal tradfS it 
which women are especially engaged; unhappy hornet; cardcst ani 
ignorant parents; broken promises; love of ease and haamj; ti 
craving for excitement and change; lack of both ethical mdriBC ani 
religious conviction; ignorance of hygiene; aU these are mora or to 
contributuig causes. But above all is the fact that '^ooauKfctfHi 
vice" is now a busmess in which but a small part of the pfoflb «t 
paid to the women, who are expk>ited for the benefit of cettain 

•f warn; aad ptraDd wUi this it the fttrthcr fact that certain dasset 
•f womcB have di a co ye r ed tliat Itixttries and case come to them when 
Aqr ad their bodies, rather than Oe work of their hands,— "It is the 
■aicat w9Cf» 

/• VmfmmntU Home CandiHans. First among these causes 
itadd be named onfavorable home conditions and family relation- 
Mff^ Where die parents are dnmlcen, immoral, degraded, the home 
jgwdcd and iMqr, and the child neglected and abased, there is little 
hope of tbft girl escaping sex-Tiolation. Soch consequences are illus- 
mcd by Ae egpcri e ncc of the girls now m the State Home for Girls 
« GcKva. 

Its girb fai that histitution at one time (Summer 1908) 

the dambters of drunken fathers, 8 had druilken mothers, 

fathers of vicious habits, 16 were children of immoral or 

■others. In tbft families of 18 there were others of criminal 

r vidona habits; 84 were chiMren of fathers who had deserted the 

SaflH^jr; 11 were illegitimate, and 10 were victims of gross cruelty. 

TwcBty-aine of these girls had already been in houses of prostitution, 

J had sisters who were immoral, 31 country girls at Geneva and 16 

3ttcagD girls each testified that the companion of her first experience 

ma a member of her own family. Of course it is apparent that in 

■nay of these instances more than one of the unhappy conditions 

poold be operative, so that some overlapping must be recognized. 

€mmy other instances could be obtained from among the girls who 

we been wards of the Juvenile Court' 

More serious still are the cases of venereal infection in families 

members of the group, usually the father, spreads the 

la one case under observation, the father, while living away 

became infected. A few weeks later he came home and 

ifedcd a six year oki daughter.* Often when the home is not en- 

rtif dtgraded there are conditions of crowding and poverty which 

•d to miafortune. Working all day, the girls are often obliged to 

d|p at hooK ki the evenmg; and if they live in a crowded house, 

Wf SBOst fo on die streets to receive their friends. They are thns 

mSdaStf forced on the street for social life. 

IV, -Sources of StMoly,- , _ 

of iht JnvmOt ri e teUi yt AnDc isU o a . 


The poor of the worldog class ustullj raise large bmS^ttt aad tk 
income is proportionately small The respoosibaities are oftea too 
heavy and the parents cannot wait until the children are tartRi 
years old before they are sent out to help support the family. Ifaay 
girls go astray because they are obliged to turn over their eanufs to 
their father or mother. Naturally, where diildrcn of foorteca en- 
tribute to the support of their family they pass bcyood the parotid 
control. A self-supporting indhridual become s in titut nalnre of 
a self-directing individual and the parents become less riafti if 
morals when they become dependent on the use of titut dukTs 

There are, too, of course, in our city many girls who are in fKt 
homeless, who live in unprotected wajrs in boardiqf and Mpil 
houses. The superintendent of the Compulsory Departmeflt of tk 
Board of Education cites cases in which the practice of taldqg boaii- 
ers in the congested districts results in immorality. The "Vlv^ 
boarder has contributed in large measure to the nnmhtr of iBcgili- 
mate children. Many young girls who are nominally under the po- 
tection of their own families have either been mistreated by memr 
bers of their family or have been made the victims of their aqjkct 
A little lame girl 12 years of age may be cited as an iHustntion tnm 
a large group. She was absent from school On in ve stj g ati oi, it 
was found that her father had mistreated her. The cfaihl was wtd 
by a boarder, 46 years old, who paid the father $4.50 a week for kmi 
and the use of the child. 

//. Lack of Supervision on the Strttt. The life on the streets ii 
dangerous for young girls, indeed for all children who are foroei 
upon them for social life. All of the Gxnmission investigators ipcik 
of the large number of young girls on the streets late at nifbt Ov 
social worker reported seeing a girl of 14 or 16 at half past ten ii tk 
evening with two boys in an indecent attitude, and aaodMT Ml 
girl of 13 and a boy of 14 on the comer of La Salle avtane and Lscirt 
street at 10 o'clock, also in an indecent attitude. 

The conditkms on the streets, especially in the summ er ater H 
o'clock make it unfit for young girls to be abroad, and after tlMt \tm 
on many car lines the passengers are noisy, profane and ofka ii^ 
toxicated. The polke leave the parks and boutevmida ahoit H 
o'clock, so that the danger in them is even greater. Ont 

of firikm vko ted 
jr; 11 were ikpdnote, aad 10 were rkam of (tom cnidtj. 
itjf-flBC Of tibcK (irlfl Ind slmdy lieeii is houict of fwottitiitinti. 
rf Micfi vIn> were inmoraL Tl t imm i y ^b^ st Gcoevt sbg 1€ 
|D fra CKD ifWMDfn uh ne ooaqaniOB ox ncr nnn <ji|icj kboc 
I flKflAer of her owa iamiij. Of coutk it n sppsratt tus if 
off IMJC Mrtiwet Bpre tfan ok of the nnin|iyiy condttiooi 
I be opcritivCf to tnc tonne ovcriApfnn^ oratt be reoQ^iuflec 
^ oChef Mrtiiet ooiM be oiitoiiwsd iron jinom tbe ^prH who 
becB wardt of the Jwodk Coart.1 

re tcriow ttiB are tbe cats of vcoertal iolectioa ia famibet 
I tone tiubut of tbe ffoap, vtoaSj tbe fatber. iprcttdf tbe 
K. Ia oae cate aadcr ohtfrirtiua, tbe father. wUk k^m^ away 
bome pecoflie aifoctad- A few woeki liter be 
ai a tis jcar old dai^blcr.* Oftca wbca tbe 
degraded oiere are oosdnOBt of crowoi^f av 

Woffkb« afl day. tbe girb mt oftca obi^ad it 
bi Oe CTCMv: aad if tbey live M a erowdad 
fo on tbe tliaelt to receive their 
calf fa t c e d oa tfie ttiad lor tocial life. 

of ibt 



her» finallj seized her, and poured the liqiior down her throil it w 
a way as to force her to swallow it ; as she was mnised Id dririoi 
she was quiddy overcome, bat no one interfercdt and cvoyi 
around seemed to think it perfectly legitimate and food fan. 

The amusements available for jroung people are cheap and d 
of a semi-indecent character. The investigation of the ttn ait ^ 
cent theaters show that nearly all need supervisaoa. It is 
that 400,000 children visit these theaters and moving pictnre 
one day in the United States, and in Chicago atone at kast My 
children; and yet, as the President of Juvenile IV o tcc ti v e Asiodi 
writes, — ^''We are making no use of what would be a great cdnoll 

In those shows where the lights are turned down many indecMti 
take place, which accustoms the girls to familiar treatment Al 
called "amateur nights" should be abolished, as the dressing rooai 
small and dirty, and there is usually no separation of men and wv 
or boys and girls. The crowd of evil men who congregate in faori 
the cheap resorts, waiting for girls to come out, is another 
danger. They make indecent suggestions and use vile 

Many groups of girls go to summer parks without their 
other friends; they start together, but are separated* and in is 
cases accept invitations from perfect strangers, ''to go in and see 
show." The possibilities offered to men for becoming 
with young girls in this way and taking advantage of 

Some young girls go regularly to these parks. They 
the price of admission and carfare, and as they have no 
amusements, seek a good time at some one's expense. A gM i 
"have a date with some man," or she win ''pick one up." The i 
ioiows what is expected of him, she knows what it exp ec ted of 1 
and if she fails to fulfill her part of the bargam, he feeb fmtUm 
using force. The girls often seem to have no klea of chastilj» m 
a matter of business make the first advances. They bdong to a < 
of people who seem non-moral rather than immoral. And yet tfiese| 
amusement parks which offer the only recreation many can pnc 
are a necessary part of city life, and they are here to stay. Al 
is immoral should, therefore, be strictly eliminated from theoL* 

'Sc« Chapter IV, "Sources of Sapply," pege Sia. 


Itt soamcr die excursion botU are often floating assigna- 
. Sone of those be t ween Chieago and Milwauleee, Chicago 
eph. Grand Haven and Michigan Gtj, are the worst The 
\ are rented over and over again. * The boys cany whiskey 
it cases or bay it at the bar. They are soon drunk and 
oomes an orgy. The state rooms are rented many times 
rse of tiiree or four hours; boys and girls lie b these 
her in an undressed condition.' 

pcrib of unregubted and unsupenrised recreation are re- 
sr hundreds of girb now in homes and reformatories, and 
Mse girb wouM bear witness that their irregubr experi- 
to them as an incident to vbits to theaters, walla at night 
icnics, steamer rides, etc. Those whose jroung daugliten 
y guarded can nerer imagine or realize the perib to which 
Ipnrant pleasure-loving girb are exposed. 

M Emfi&ymenU. DamtsiU SertHee. It is an entirely new 
to find domestic service cbssed as a dangerous moral 
Bch U the expert's point of view, which is entirely justified 
itics of prisons and reformatories. 

96$ unfortunates who came under the examination of the 
tts State Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1,116, nearly 30 per 
been in domestic service. In the Bedford Reformatory 
rfc, of 1,000 women, 475 had been servants. Of the 137 

Industrial School at Rochester, New York, there were 
|e earners, t9 of whom had been domestic servants. In 
I Albion Home in New York there were 168 girls, 98 of 

I who has been investigating the social condition of women 
the country, and has given the subject much thought feels 
ilanatk» lies in the isobtkm of the workers, the fact that 
o place to receive their friends, and that, therefore, their 
tontties are limited to the park bench, the steamboat and 
fler dark. 

0f KncwUdpe of Seswd Moifers. A well known woman 

Ckacago affirms that ignorance b often responsible for 

of the girl toward immorality. As an inftanff she dtes 

r IV, "Soaren of S ip sli ,* pMt SIS. 


the case of a f^rl now working at one of the estabUshmeots ia the 
stockyards whose mother 'Midn't tell her things.** She is now fit 
months pregnant The man is a fellow workman, 40 jean old, who 
has hitherto borne a most excellent refmtation. 

VII, Undue Nervous Strain from Eamomk Presewre. Oa tk 
economic side, the whole tendency of modem indostriafism ii lo 
place too heavy a strain on the nervous system of all classes, asea aid 
women alike. How much more serious is this, when the strua it 
placed on the growing girl at the period of adolescence wfaca tk 
child has to assume the burden of self-support and sdf-dircctioa, aid 
often aid in the support of her family. 

An investigation was recently made into the living co od i t i oa s of 
200 respectable working girls, not one among them vicious or im- 
moral, and it was found that only six per cent of diem had ooatrol 
of their wages. The rest were obliged to help rdatives either ia tk 
home or out of it The average wage of these 200 women was 1100 
to $10.00 a week. It goes without the saying that if you have ooa- 
ditions which make living with comfort impossible for any hffe 
number of men and women, some of the men will become aioMsb 
and some of the women, prostitutes. 

From these investigations it will be seen that the tradition dot 

women are usually in the labor market for additional qwnding aoaqr 

has little foundation in fact. The average girl does not enjoy wfc 

outside of her own home and will not iw rk unless spurred on by tk 

necessity of gaining her daily bread. Tl s is a general mk and do0 

not apply to all cases such as many 1 i school girls and the b^kr 

class of working girls who have co able ambition and iad cpca J 

ence of feeling. A student of ( problems says: 

"Any investigation whi i involve a full inqniry iiC) 

hours of labor, the nervo \ ctused by machinery and (T 

cupations where machii ^ yed opmted by womm vH 

S'rls, would fall short oi oouim accurate data* and wooU 
tve no foundation whatever on w«i ch to deal wiUi vice. There 
are many men who own hu^ blishments who nay w«|p 
which simply drive women into ] (titution. In all huge dtiti 
the common school educates boys lud girls to desire at ktft 
a decent living comfort. It i • • lucates them to distiiimai 
tion, and they realize their oi d lot when oooapared wtt 

that of others who are well oft. 

They go with ambition into business or trades, hot ;irl aoon M 

TBI mxuL wnL m cmcAOo 

le hu reached the mtxiim i .(K) M a week, when 
n di eco ura gedt and either I 9a and joy of 

qrt acne adreoliirev more or 1 irdous, to i upplemeot 

r wages. 

itmg the reasons why women or girb enter the life of pros- 
t e cpn o m i c qaestioo plays a more or less conspictious part 
«gca paid, the fact that m arly all the emplojrments open 

the oiaximam wage b $10.00 to $15.00 a week, and the 
age about $6.00, the lack of skill, the exacting demands 
 the depa itm e ut stores for good dressing, the long hours 
f, and the extra fatigue which girls must endure at certain 
Mrilary cooditioas under which girb work in factories— 
Bve a powerful effect on a woman's or girl's nenrous or 
vce. Then many girb cannot marry, or if nmrried they 

to help out the family i» u and cannot afford to have 

istance in point One of the girls in a large department 
that some of the girls are married, but both the girl and 

If the wife becomes pregnant she feels compelled to resort 
ation for they cannot lire on the husband's salary and 
en. Orerwork U the cause of innumerable evils. It ends 
I the body, ruining the health and shortening life. It cer- 
'fs the mind and leaves no room for reading or mental de- 
So a craving for excitement is general among girls who 
hours, for they feel the necessity of stimulation, and thus 
shows which make less demand on them for attention. The 

store girls are specially tempted, for they have low wages 
ours, and they are the victims of low minded people who 
ire as a field for operation, and who are alert to tempt 
n immoral life. 

ind 1909 the Juvenile Protective Association made a studj 
ting rooms in the department stores, and during this iii- 
16 arrests were made of procurers, 15 men and 1 woman, 
xn were convicted and fined. These rooms are used bj 
g for erapk>3mrient and if the girl who is employed b often 
she b safe o ed to the girl looking for work. In ooe 
dog rooms tl re were counted 48 girls, ranging from H 
)• A large of them were continuously studying 


the Want-Ad columns of the newspaper. Some of the giris were ii 
groups, but many were alone, and a large number spent all daj wklh 
out food. 

One girl said in answer to questions of the imrestigator that ho 
landlady gave her something to eat in the morning, that she absofatfdj 
hid not a cent, that she owed for six weeks* board, and tint she 
walked down town and trusted to picking up a newspaper, as she 
hadn't a cent to buy one. 

The men procurers come two or three together, and use afl lOfts 
of schemes to get acquainted with the girls. Other pablk waitias 
rooms, such as those in railway stations, are used in this onaMr. 
In any place where the poorer girls congregate, there are fooad tia 
largest number of procurers. 

After this investigation, a report was made to the managers of 
department stores, and conditions were much improved; but al 
public waiting rooms should be supervised and policed. It b betteted 
that during the past winter the conditions in the dep artm ent Hore 
waiting rooms have deteriorated. Eternal vigilance is the prke of 
safety for 3roung girls. 

In Chapter IV "Sources of Supply,** attention is called to the wago 
received by girls in department stores. It is shown there that these 
wages are very low, hardly enough to supply the necessttiei of life, 
especially if the employe happens to be akme in the city and throws 
on her own resources. The temptations, therefore, to a m oneyk M 
girl to accept invitations even from strangers, for luncheoo, dinner or 
the theater are very great One night while an investigator was in the 
(Xl262a) and (Xl262b) Cafes on (Xl262c) avenue, he saw five sak»- 
girls in these places whom he recognized as being from a dtpmrtmM 

The fining system under the guise. of maintaining discipline, whkh 
exists in some of the stores, should be regulated by law. 

VIII. semi-professional and Professional PrasHiuits. From the 
testimony of the investigators employed by the Commissaon a fakif 
large number of girls employed in department stores tnppifmct teir 
income by a certain amount of prostitutkxi, and with sodi girls the 
economic question is probably the main one. They fed tbqr caMMt 
^▼e on the wages they receive, and they are compelled to earn nnre 
iiKmey in order to live with the decency their poaitkio 


of profenioml protlkittet it c t tim a tcd in Chmpter I, 
It CoMdJtkwM," t S,000. The namber of claadctdiie prottitotes 
to ctdoMite. The rctcne and reforroatioo of 
pretentt ft pfoUem of tlie most diflkoll 
w. Smck ft womftn te the Tftnishing mftteiiftl of so- 
Shi Icftires nothing behind her, hfts tttoftlly levered her 
Bonnectiont snd hfts no lociftl life. If she ever hftd religions coo- 
^ dMj are in ftbeyftnce ftnd her concern for ethics is ftbso- 
)nM. Her economic vfthie cftnnot be reckoned with, fts she 19 
mart or less nnskilled. Every opportunity should be offered 
flhUmh of this dftu fts mftj desire to abandon their ev3 
I cvnetl topport should be given to ftU such agencies as seeic 
I onl and reclaim these to rectitude, to moral faitegrity, and a 
iHt may yet prove wholesome and serviceable to society. Yet 
Ucms of the restoration to social co mp e t ence is most perplex* 
I puts strong emphasis upon the need of moral and religious 
m at an earlier stage of individual life. 


wi Enaciwunt. 


Mg the laws which attempt to secure protection to girls should 

iooed first, the Juvenile Court Law. This law provides that ail 

under the age of twenty-one years shall, for the purposes of 
, be considered wards of the State, and their persons subject to 
^ guardianship and control of the Court, and so defines de- 

and delinquent children as to bring under the jurisdiction of 
rt girls whose morals are in peril because of home conditions, 
ate training or any other unfavorable conditions.' It must be 
lowever, that the Juvenile Court must acquire jurisdiction of 
d before the age of eighteen in order to exercise the super- 
ad guardianship up to the age of twenty-one. 

laws which attempt to protect girls and women by punishiaf 
against their virtue prohibit? 

Katiring an unmarried female of diaste life to enter a houN 
inmiu n i tnenaicy, unprtsonmenc one 10 iwency years. 


poBCUB AMD BBimnc 273 

(2) Detaining any female in such a house. Penaky* ia^foioi- 
ment of from one to ten years. 

(3) Allowing an unmarried female under eighteen to fiie ia a 
house of prostitution. Penalty, improsonment of from one la lit 

(4) Enticing any female under eighteen to come fate the Stale 
for immoral purposes. Penalty, imprisonment one to five ycark 

(6) Pandering. Penalty for the first offense, impriaooneat ia tk 
county jail six months to one jrear, or a fine of $ICX) to fljOOl; for 
subsequent offenses unprisonment of from one to ten years. 

(6) Detaining a female in a house of prostitatioQ agalMt kr 
will to compel the payment, liquidation or cancriing of a ddit Pot- 
alty, first offense, imprisonment six months to a year, and a fine of 
from $300 to $3,000. Subsequent offenses, unpri so n m e i i t one to fift 

(7) Contributing to the delinquency or dependency of dtfldren.* 

(8) Regulations governing the maintenance of houses of prostibh 
tion, declaring such a house to be a nuisance, imposing a peaikj of 
$200.00 for the offense of maintaining, patronizing, keeping lodi a 
house, or letting a house for such purposes.' 

(9) Prohibition directed towards the patrons and inmates of sack 

(10) Provision intended to prevent and punish the Immoral so&- 
itation on the streets. 

(a) Definition of vagabond so as to include pertons who eommk 
such acts.' 

(b) Defining and penalizing disorderiy conduct.* 

(11) Abandonment of wife and children. Penalty, fine of W^ 
to $500, imprisonment one to twelve months, or both fine and ii 
onment with power in Court to substitute regular contrSmtion to 
ily support for statutory penalty. 

(12) The BasUrdy Law; collection of $100 for fint yor and IH 
each of nine succeeding years, or allowing releaae on p^rmcit if 

'Appendix VI. 
•Appendix XXXVII. 
Appendices ML 
•Appendix V. 
•Appendix VIIL 
•Appendix VII. 
*AppendU XXXIV. 


pi«f« io Mftr 

fin ■■fiiiiii 9i 

iiM«f 1MMB li Ihit M 

Itfl fti MM Iridk This li fipceMI^ flM 

Imflini^ Tks ioBoviMP iaeiilMil onMHriiAti Ail Ittf^ 

of flM cnvt b wodd mcoi duit Mdi ilA«i 

mhI vift kMD vflhiB Ikt knl ffwndraBMBli of tlii giMk,, 

Utt folowi^{ li to ft f trt fran • rcpoit of Wtfch 

li Mnimr §m ommmI for the lirffnii ailDid tkl 
liAo tso liJfai liMM Ikfi ODWt raooi f traaflt iiflaif' iari 
Um Jo4|i MMir ao ffMoo iof tkli. unvjffr tiid^ 'ImUi 

■9 lOv flMHi lO WKmm ABV |Va||i IMI O WV VOW wW 


•evtatar-tvt (Tl) wm 
fin n hw w iuicii cmir. 
where little girit are tmrolved cooM not men (ex- 
■g thoie c o nn ect e d with court or case) be kept oot of oowt 

din) oc cufM ed the witneu chair one and a half dajf— 
aide sick from nervous strain. She said to me. The mti 
id at each otiier and smiled at what I said, that was what made 
«t nervous and jerk so/ 

id more dian tMs, such an ordeal can but have a hardening 
t on girls, when so many men are in the court room.'' 

UHiuH%nri A§9neii$ far ike Cmtt and Refanimiion of Ctrd. 
Ina titutfa n i are established hy the dtj. the state, by churches 
NMfellgiotti voluntary societies. 

81 hi i tituthw to be noted te the Juvenile Court Thb court 
Inn^g the year 1909, Ml delinQuent girb who had nevcf 
DUfft; 100 d epe nd ent girb who had never been in court; Iti 
t gMi who had already been wards of the court; 177 de- 
had alffcaihr been wards of the eonrt. Of these IN 


mitted at once to institutions or if put on probation are soon rctvMl 
to court and committed. They are in shocking phjrsical coiBKna. 
For example, 65 per cent of the delinquent and dependen t firb hii 
bad teeth, 80 per cent needed medical or surgical care, S9 per cat 
of the girls were inflicted with venereal diseases. ' Of the 
quent girls examined, 33 per cent were diseased, whik 
dependent girls only 13 per cent were diseased.' 

2. Tke JuveniU Protectwe Associaiior^ 
Second in influence must come the Juvenile P r o te c ti ve 

"which investigates and endeavors to remedy all the conditions 
tributing to the dependency and delinquency of children.'' The dQr 
is divided by it into districts, in each of which b placed an 
whose duty it is to supervise all conditions detrimental to 
morality. During the year 1909-10, this Association cared for iW 
cases, referred 865 to other organizations, and investigated IM 
plaints found to be groundless. It has carried on nine i 
into conditions prevailing on steamboats, in amusement parks, ckip 
theaters and the home life of working girls. 

3. The Geneva State Home. 

The Geneva Home for Girls is the state institution, intended loMf 
for the care of delinquent girls. It is on the cottage plan. The girii 
are committed on indeterminate sentences. As it is the onfy Me 
institution for the reform of girls, there are at present over MO girii 
with a very long waiting list, and it is so overcrowded that it ii 
difficult to grade the girls, or to give them the p er s o na l 
necessary in such cases. 

4. The House of the Good Shepherd. 
The House of the Good Shepherd is conducted under Uie 

of the Roman Catholic Church. It receives delinquent 
delinquent girls. These two classes are kept strictly s ep ara te, thnt 
is a maternity ward in connection with the institution. 

5. The Chicago Refuge for GiHs. 

The Chicago Refuge for Girb receives delinquent girts aai wit 
temity cases, many from the Juvenile Court In January, I90f, ttait 
were 129 girls in the Refuge. During the year 84 were iilwiUfd t$i 

'See Ammal Report Juvenile Goan, liOa. 


The wmmktr ap pl j r in t for adnusskm b crer on 
to duit tht diredoft fed tint "tomctUiy most be done** 
tacMDCty WBKB m pnscnc trc ovcrcrvwocQ tna iih 
The gMt are tu|it bouseworkt drctfmakiQg^ and tone of 
■ti aad crate work Thqr an not aDoved to leave iintB thejr 
iaii|n me vanooi wuimi lei lo me pom oi nonej earning 

m ara naoy omer tnaii niwwiiiiom wmcn receive aeunqneni 
and eves proatknlcs. The SahratkNi Annj conducts a most sue- 
home. The Bedah Hoose^ the FmSc Garden Mission, 
CrNBeotOB ^Aflcnorafleg au maintain nomeSt oot toey can 
oa^ a ftrjr llmiled nnmber. The Home for the Friend- 
cvt of ahnost aqrone who applies. The city has also made 
il a ppropr iati on to furnish shdter for homeless women. The 
\m Washiqfton Home prorides a retreat for victims of al* 
ism and drufs. and malces an effort to reform them, 
e Fpiscopal Cathedral in the center of the West Side restricted 
et maintains a small refufe under the direction of the Sisters of 

reral of the national groups in the city support homes for home- 
ir imm%rant firls. Among these are the Home for Swedish 
and the Jewish Home for Girls, the latter under the auspices of 
branch of the National Council of Jewish Women. A 
is now in progress to establish a home for Hungarian girb, 
lom a large number have recently arrived in Chicago, 
■y of the maternity homes, and those institutions conducted by 
MO s o cieties , report that their work is encouraging, with a fair 
of reformation. They have a very difficult hygenic 
as it is said that at least 75 per cent, of the girls received 
are faifccted with gonorr h oea. This is due to the fact that 
girls, who rarely enter into the cUm of professional 
are more apt to be diseased than the profewiooal prosti- 
vho are taught to take care of themselves and to exact 
 precautions of thew men visitors. 

a^ however^ hnpoasiMe to secure any exact data from these homes 
The reports are always colored by the temperament 




of those who make them, and are, therefore, ekher optimiitk or poii- 
mistic, without justification in carefully compiled figures. The deacos- 
esses, the sisters and the lay workers bring to their hard and n- 
gracious task a divine {Mitience and faith, but in tome cues k b 
evident that the same amount of effort expended in a more 96aA 
manner, and with the applfcatkxi of more advanced kleas of mOStit 
tional work would result in greater efiiciency. 

The Maternity Ward of the Cook County Hospital is a sad pbot 
The provisions for the patients are fairly adequale, but the cadre 
situation is terribly depressing. It is estimated that 50 per eeot of the 
babies bom there are the children of unmarried mothers. 

As the poor lose their fear and prejudice regarding hospitals waj 
reputable married women who have small and poor homes, and caa- 
not pay the expense of confinement at home, go to the ooontj ko»- 
pital. In many Euroepean countries the ''maternity assistant socidief* 
would come to the aid of such cases and see to it that the exp«M 
mother has the necessary care and rest in her own home. Tta 
maternity assistant societies are composed of well-to-do and poor 
women all contributing to a fund for this purpose. The effort sems 
a double purpose, as it interests the more fortunate women in tiie k» 
fortunate. The conservation of life is a ttr ac tin g much attcatioa 
among foreign physicians, who insist that a woman should have tivtc 
weeks of rest before the child's birth and four or six weeks after ii 
order to give birth to a healthy infant and give it die neoessafy ^ 
tention. Some attempts along these lines have been made ia tk 
country but much more care should be given expectant mothcn thtf 
is now the case. In the new county hospital it may be potsihie la i** 
serve one ward for married mothers, and one for youog gkk ft 
must add to the bitterness of their coming trial to be sint ip ^ 
the class of women of whom so many go to the county. 

7. "Abortion MUh^ There are many private hospilab whkl «« 
simply abortion mills. It is extremely difficult, how e ve r, to bri^f ^ 
responsible man in charge of these establishments to joaliee.^ lU* 
wives, too, are responsible for many abortkmt; the Uoeaae qfSMi* 
so carelessly administered that difficulties are e xp er i euced in Mi'' 
ing and bringing to justice any cases of malpractice. The wmakfti 

'Sec Chapter IV, "Soartct of Soppljr,' pafe sai. 

! - g J 1 * 

Mi who dit it tki rcMdl nf this ndpnctke will nefcr 
i «e wmmm phyikha , who has a hrge practice amoQi 
MioMlca dMi the practice of abortioa te very prevaknl 
mm HI mX^^ iwiiiuci i oi women is pcnnaiiciiuj tn^ 

pitob ior ireaereal diseases of women, the ward at the 
H fffplf f f |§ ihg onhf ejcample in CUcacOt 
snMl home for duMjcny the Frances Juvenile nomei 
■ndations an Hmitedt as only fifteen children can be 
time. There is no proper provision for girb of foor- 
iid* These diOdren often be c ome Innocently infected 

k *"— — * * 9— •-■t^ t., aiti ■■itiiMM 


more sum aim cnme man me mtecnon oi mnocenc per- 
mwwif sncn a ueinenuons enecc on me pnjTSicai ana morai 
miily, and yet there is no legal redress. A wife may be 
eaOy die from a venereal infection contracted from her 
far as onr laws go she is helpless. This is a question 
lave the careful consideration of our legal advisors. 

mi/ ProtecHvf League, 

: ofices often send girls to improper homes. The tm- 
are the chief victims. These girb arrive in Chicsgo 
t addresses and as they do not speak the language, they 
anger of being victunized, both as regards money and 
typical cases are cited in the last report of the Leagac 
ion of Immigrants. One girl of seventeen jrears was pot 
Sooth Chicago by mistake, and as she dkl not speak a 
ish she wandered about ahnost all night Finally s 
■iitsncc and conducted her in safety to her friends oo 
Side of the dty. Several other cases are given in the 

ta told of being approached on the trains and invited 
I to get off at 'some big city and see the town.' ** 
has an einellent program for future work; and it only 
• pnbHc to support it to enable it to render effective 



If^. Conclusion: Remedial Meatnres. 

From the foregoiiig statement serenl rcmediil ro e Mu re t HQOt 

1. Revision of the criminal law eitfaer in tnbttaaoe or in ttpii 
to the evidence required to convict 

2. More skillful treatment of the girl who it semi-de li pye t <alf. 

3. More rational treatment of arrested women. 

4. More rational treatment of the occasional prottitole. 
6. More intelligent treatment of cases of illcgitimale ulnri ^. 

6. Better supervision and more intelligent administratioa of nxm 

7. Better recognition of the connection bet w een hnr wifcs mi 
occasional prostitution. 

8. More adequate provisions for the cure of the |irnffMiMil ffot* 

1. Revision of ihe criminal low. 

(a) Relating to Male Offenders. 

From the foregoing, it is apparent that while the law is ii fof* 
fairly adequate for the protection of women and girls, yttmvdt 
stance since very few male offenders are tried under these secdoai rf 
the criminal code relating to the protection of girb and wooMa, vi 
since when they are brought to trial the great majority have heoi ^ii* 
charged, it seems of slight avail. 

(b) Relating to Female Offenders. 

It appears from the records that these women are in many wstaaoi 
fined. Such a penalty, of course, place the women more cmimirtgly ^ 
the power of those in whose bdialf she pljrs her trade. 

Others are imprisoned for short periods of time. InpriMaaK^ 
without intelligent treatment adapted to their physical, social wd » 
dustrial weakness is obviously futile. Attentkm should be csM ^ 
such underUkings as that of The Wai rly House in New Ycrk 0|i 
which is supported by the Probata ^ lodation of New York &* 
in a sense a detention h< for wa] ard giria, and llMir cam flt 
studied, their history e d, : i the girls themadvcs aif » 
couraged to tell of their liv J de to feel thai they wctmkwmt 
judges but among f The intendent aunis np tihs vhik 

tf mfkigf '^% omU mvc TS per cent if onljr wt oould find 
to kcgin Mtffcr tht fcegjimim,** aad the thiis hu ttated die 

ft tmhtifmi Trmhmnii ^ SemUMmqueni GwU. 
cvidtnl tint better mctliodt of daittfication sliould be adopted 
tiM eeni-deliDqacnt girls would not be clataed with tiie de- 
A nor* except in extreme cues, or where diseised, placed in an 
ior d di i mi f nH Uhe that at Geneva. They should be sent 
where indnstnal training is given to uiem and their in- 
W vahM Increased. The atmosphere of such a school shooM be 
if n boardiHC schooit and as soon as aiqr firl shows sufficient ability 
m a Mm^ and a desire to do so^ she should be allowed to leave 
p^hation^ nnder the supervision of a probation omceTy who is s 
m of fxper i ence and trainhig. While fat the school the firis' 
i shonM be cvefuUjr supervised, and physical training » as wdl as 
I h|ghni should be a part of her curriculum. When she leaves 
ehool, if possible, a good home, not too strict, should be found 
ler. With a change in surroundings and the substitution of a 
m life for the former lawless one, combined with education for 
■pport, and the feeling that they are among friends, eighty per 
of the semi-delhiquefit girls could be returned to society. 

Jfortr /mWWfrMl Treaiment of the Occasional Prostiiuie. The 
professioaal prostitutes are usually the only ones that ply their 
lor their own advantage. As long as they are not attached to a 
! and do not solicit for a particular man, there is hope for them. 
dass is largely cooiposed of those who are so unskilled u 
ws as to be useleu in the labor market They work for tow 
i» often at seasonal trades, many living away from home and 
'dMj make a good appearance on the street they are very ignor- 
si — tfsintd They do not reside m houses of prostitutkNi but 
I the streets to solicit two or three tunes a week, 
esc o ccasfcnisl prostitutes when arrested by the police are fright- 
snd eoafnsed. They are new to the life and not having as yet 
•i thfmsflifs to 'the usual crowd, who watch for such cases 
I IhsHS ont or to pay their fines, they receive the maximum sen- 
TUa is the psychological moment in which the probation officer 
the ^rL Such cases shouM all come before one Judge 


in one court, and the oflkers in charge should be expeiieu ced 
When the officer is the right sort she can be a friend to such a giri, 
which is often all that is needed These girls should be paroled Mid 
sent back when possible to their work under friendly and dose s.*9er- 

A prominent clergynuui who is also a social worker in oonfataoe 
before the Commisskm made the following statenient% 

"A lot can be done if we believe that a ttty large percenlage of 
those who pass throu^^ a period of prostitntkMi are capalie oC 
climbing upward instead of downward by the momentum of tkdr 
own better nature. We will have to dumge our theofy about tk 
woman criminal, if we are going to save her. And if the woona 
is a prostitute, it is oiily Uirough (1) the foolish unc on ti oB rd 
passion of youth, and (2) finanaal stress. To my mind she cm 
fight both of these, but she can't fight those and the added 
damnation of the saloon and the cocm sagacious busmess mM, 
who simply stands by and drains her for profit She could bfcak 
through the economic dangers and the physical temptations if yoa 
will give her a chance but when you make her fi|^ akohd vA 
capitalization, she has no show. 

"The first step is usually on account of some man, and thea 
he ill-treats and deserts ho*. After she has tafeen the first tfcp 
it is easy to take the second. The girls that go to uiat e rai ^r 
homes, nine out of ten can be saved, £it it seems to roe dK ral 
prostitute who goes into it for business, she is a one-eighth pait of 
the business, and I think the world is making a mistake in tne way 
it is looking at this whole question. They are putting tiieir nW* 
on this poor unfortunate woman, when really, she » just a ndc 
issue of the real thing." 

4. Improvement in Indusirial Condiiians. One of the daef 
reasons why girls enter the life of prostitutkxi is evidently the 
one. They cannot live on the wages paid them. Contrary to Uie 
opinion, it costs a girl more to live respectably than a man. She 
reside in a better neighborhood, her clothes are more e xp en si t e aid 
the family makes more demands on her resources. 

An investigatKMi should be made of all establtshments aagk/pH 
girls and young unmarried men, for the purpose of sccuriqf aocMit 
figures as to the salaries paid, hours of work, including uwutinr 
The contracts made by employes with those establishments shooU 
also be studied. These contracts go into the life history of each pcrsoa, 
and will show instability of employment in such places. When thoe 
facts are secured, a study should be made showhif rcnts» coit of 

«ed a resolution, asked that "social life be so modified that 
in every country receive a wage which enables them to live. 
pt ofomd tmlh that iociil inttttotioiis do not keep pace 

HI to kiglKr wafctv the pretent working ooodltkMis need 
I bl MMjjr wftjrt. Since the ten-boar law was declared 
4, Hm hafdihip of overtime for women has been much 
Bnt Aaerica te slow to protect her working women. 
has had protective legislation for women, and in 
nffls women were only allowed to work ten hours. 
Pranee established the ten-boor law; and hi some 
idal p tov lato o for giving extra tune off for women who 
WSponiMlliii is made by law. The tendency is espe- 
4 hi Pranee towards very liberal hiterpretation of the law 
MffekV women, and in Bdgiom certain classes of work is 

rrMftMNl of Eseff-^oniugd Maiemiiy, (a) The 
present great dimcMlty on aocoont of the frcQueirt 
of ManuBy uie name of the man and so bringing bun 
wi (b) beoMse of the baby which may be sometimes a 
h oAn a bnrden. It te hnpoaslMe to lay down definite 
m caaas to determine whether the mother shook! keep the 
il nn. Some there are who ooestion if a chikl can be ille- 


itkMi of the father, and of indudng the parents of the giri lo racm 
her into their home. As it is at present, thanks to the fotmdlivg hamn, 
etc, it is entirely too easy to abandon children. 

A large number of matemitj cases, especially where the cii3d it the 
first born, often represent a most lovable type of woman, who |ivti 
herself for lore's sake, not counting the cost She fnmftimff pm 
through her better nature and her higher hnpolses, and if her cUd 
were legitimatized, and she herself had the family recognitioM, a wona 
of this type would rapidly rehabilitate herself. It should at katf as 
longer be possible for a man to be quit of all oMjgatkm toward hii 
child and its mother by paying down $500. 

Attention may be called, however, to the Norwegian law^ whkh 
into effect January 1, 1910, in accordance with which an 
child has equal claim on its father and mother; it may bear ib btho^i 
name; it has the same rights of inheritance as his legitiniate duUrca; 
it has the right to an education equal to the wealthier of the parents; 
it may live with its mother or can be placed dsewhere to botnL 
Whichever parent has not the care of the child most pay for its Mp- 
port and education. The mother's confinement expenses most be bone 
by the father, and he must also pay her pre-confineroent capc M fi if 
her condition has incapacitated her for work. He most in any cm 
pay her expenses six weeks before her confinement, and three noatb 
after, or nine months after if she nurses the child. If several men tft 
implicated, all must pay their share. 

Just as the law compels the father, when he b able, to sopport 1m 
minor children, so it is urged, the law should extend to Uie support 
of children where there has been no lawful marriage. For tfM chiUffik 
in the interests of the state, need to be brought op in a 
mamier, cared for, supported, and educated, to beoooH 

If this reasoning is sound, as we believe it is, sect b u s M 
of the Criminal Code of the State of IlUnois, relatii« to 
might be enacted into law to cover children bom out of wedtod^ 
pelling the father, if it can be shown to the coort he b 
able to do so, to support all such chiMren until the age that te hv 
allows them to seek employment 

Such a law would make ample proviskm for sodi cUdrco, mi 

■t M hciffcr dbBgMon opon the true father tfyui he 
. llfliWilwdihcpffOTidedfaiMdiahNr.thilhicaieof 
llhM hjr ft tUni ptftjTv ft covcoftnt mfty ht entered faito^ be- 
iM pftrtj Md the fadier» releftsfa« the htter from the 
por^ nfttatennce ftnd educitiop of the child vpoii proof 
^plhif percati are ahle to tahe care of mch diihL 
■|e Mmber of proeUtiites are divorced^ and n that oon- 
It infeiti|Btion hi regard to desertion and non-auppoit 
■da. No Umif of the inbfect has been made in Chicago 
mf .ocacnpDon ot me iaintijr» ks previous oepenoe ncet or 
Hrtfcas, tfM nnmber and age of the children^ the national- 
M hdfeff dlwsrcnce in age of man and womani and cir* 
of marrlagf' Nckber b there anythmg to show the char- 
 tte deserted wivei^ soch as reputation as mother or 
habits or economic status beforehand. 

* R0§mhiiam of Resent Homes. The rescue homes in 
not meet tiie needs of the present situation. They are 
I, aoch industrial traintng as is given is very superficial and 
■pered by want of means and workers; thus it is tm- 
tlMm to follow up the girls during the critical period 
mve the homes. As above stated, the methods emplojred 
Ideally modem to meet existing conditions. 
I ammion has been given to this branch of social woric; 
ccplcd tedmkiiie has been worlced out Almost all other 
laalh ro p i c and soda! effort have been scientifically invcs- 
compiied and a serious study made of the results, 
in which the same investigation should be made 
of ageacitt which attempt to serve this class of women, 
is taken and too little attentkxi devoted to these 
the neglect and lack of criticism has resulted the rccen- 
and ineffctual management The RusseB 
cobM arrowplish no more valuable work than i 
Bve and scw n ti ac mvcftigation of the instttntions, prisons 

aaaes of women are coaBmitted or lo 
The Coaamssion rcooaaaeads to me 
oi saoi an nMpnry. 

for girls, the State Hobk at 



is very much overcrowded. On account of this Ofcr cf ow da ^i Ik 
methods are necessarily more or less diose of a prison. Thb ittto- 
ment is not intended as a reflection upon diose res pOJi sM e for the 
management. They are as much the victims of drcaoHtaatses as 
are the unfortunate inmates. We urge upon the proper State aate^ 
tties the need of immediate and adequate enlargement of tfiis tasf^- 
tion or the provision of others of similar character. 

7. The Professidnal ProstUuie. The public p ro stitute who ii aa 
inmate of a house is an important factor in the complicated problem. 
Into the trade of these women enter powerful business intereiCs, as 
well as the demoralization which comes to men and women by its 
attendant vices and diseases. The confirmed prostitute, if she is to 
be reformed and helped, must be entirely separated for a long period 
form her former environment of oonunercialized p ro stitu tioa. 

Against these powerful business interests, the liquor dealer, ^ 
house owner and his agents, the man who runs the place, the fnmtshcri 
of all sorts from the butcher and grocer to the dry goods houses and 
the supported men, against these stands the girl, usually young, feebie 
of will, unskilled as a worker, a lover of ease, perhaps at first de- 
ceived, and always after a time the victim of liquor, "dope" and 
other stimulants. One phjrsician who has a large practice in venertil 
disease wards, says: 

"They all use some drug or stimulant such as opium, tobacoo»^ 
anything that is near; the abnormal habits of life, the exatcment ' 
the terrible physical strain demanded; the life is against biolo(T> 
as well as sociology; they are in most cases gone physicaDy^ 
gone nervously, gone socially.^ l 

It is obvious that the weaker factor, the girl, will be crushed ia « > 
pnequal a conflict. On her falls the ignominy, the loss of health, of 
social position and final physical and social death. While the nea 
who profit by this vice, live on, sleek and prosperous— often so power-/ 
ful in politics that even decent men dare not expose them. ' 

Most of these women do not know where to turn if they shodd 
leave the house, and their phjrsical condition and mentml state reader 
them absolutely incapable of self-directk>n or normal conduct. 

A suggestion well worthy of consideration is that the munidpalitr 
secure a farm on which a trade school and hospital could be estab- 
lished, to which prostitutes found m houses of iD-fune ooukl be 

CXivioiisljr it it necessary At! 
WM €i ttmom drascie eootrd simdd be cstaUislied if mA 

■I VI 10 M mHf9Q pglHIlllfJmj SIMI 8UCICIJ SCTVeQ* XCC SOCNiy 

M fHB«*v te deq» pethos of tlMir ctO estate as described Iv 


dobioos dlfinlties of tte gaslight and die paTemcnl 
IM fieiiiai sacrnoe ot Wfwnai% ibs trageajr ot acr 

is caBad to the reeooHBewlatkM of die CdaniissiQn^ 


t 1»)»». 

No phase of the social evil can be demonstrated with more sciendfic 
certainty than the physical aspect It has been deariy proved tfanmgli| 
many and accurate sources that no danger to the integrity of die iice 
is so great as the diseases which accompany prostitntioa. The grealo^ 
attention must be paid to every means which makes for the ooatrol 
of venereal diseases and of dissemination of reliable informatioa cob- 
cerning them for the protection of the innocent^ 

With these facts in mind let us study the various classes of omb and 
women who are involved in this vice. 

^ The Professional Female Prostitute. The testimony shows that 
the professional female prostitute is broken down within ten years 
after she begins to ply her trade. No better argumens as to physical 
bami could be offered than this statement. PractiuJl/ all professional 
prostitutes have had syphilis or gonorrhoea or both. It is the exccptko 
when either of these diseases is completely cured. During a certain 
part of the time they are communicable. Not infrequently these Sir 
eases are communicable and at the same time difficult to recogniae. 
Therefore, a professional prostitute having intercourse with from tea 
to sixty men in a single night will infect a large number of men. Dng 
habituation also is more widespread amongst prostitutes than amoogctf 
any other class of society. 

Occasional Prostitutes. Occasional prostitutes are frequently in- 
fected with venereal disease. They are highly dangerous when so 
infected. Venereal diseases are bacterial in origin. From the epi- 
demiologic standpoint they belong in the category with wnaUpni, 
diphtheria and scarlet fever. They cause most of the sterility, aaoit 
of the peritonitis in females, most of the salpingitis. They canse a 
l^rge part of the joint inflammatk>n»— a large part of the toaanity and 
ocrvous diseases and a long train of diseases which go by odMf 
nsmes but have syphilis as an underl3ring factor. Coogeoilal defccli 
^ deformities are largely syphilitic in origin. 

In spite of all this a study of mortuary statistics does aol give m 


■ocuL sriL nr cmoAOO 

isfomiatioo* ttnoe the immediate or detennining ctuse b utnally 
factor other than the Tenereal disease. The group of men who 
iteted by occasional prostitutes are somewhat more liable to 
I venereal disease to innocent women, children and men than 
wIm> arc infected by professional prostitutes. 

i^jfM# ProsHiuits. Clandestine prostitutes spread infectioo. 
get peritonitis and salping tis. They are prone to have babies 
rjth infected eyes and the efore they increase blindness. They 
Bqoently sterile. Amongst this and the preceding class arc most 
illegitimate children. Thi death rate amongst illegitimate chS- 
s barbarously high. The morbidity rate amongst rlandettfaw 
yational prostitutes b hi( than amongst moral women of 
■e age-periods and in the e strata of society, 
mgst the medical phases of t le forms of pro s titution b their 
Cf toward professional prostitution. 

r ProsiUuUs. (Principally perverts.) They spread infection. 
Iiave a high mortality and morbidity rate. They increase the 
r of drug habitues. 

itiand and GandesHne Male Prostitute. They spread infec- 
hn infected man will not infect as many people as an infected 
t» but an infected woman usually infects non-virtuous people; 
part of those infected by men are virtuous — ^wives and young 
n. An infected man usually takes infection into a clean 
-an infected woman seldom does. 

Qgst male occasional and clandestine prostitutes there b an 
e in the morbidity and mortality rate. The diseases caused 
some measure immedbte. Such as brain disease, insanity, 
is, kidney and heart disease. They are usually remote. They 
infectkMi of eyes and add to blindness. They beget children 
t defective and deformed. Men given to great sexual excesses 
■I conditions due to those excesses. But the disability and in- 
7 cansed by such excesses b greater than its effect on the 

M tM er atto n of the medical aq)ects of vice b not complete 
t refcrcaoe to die coogcnital and acquired phjrsical cooditiotti 
lead towards p fO ititutfc in» die woman or man beiog d;hrta 



to it almost irresistibly as die result of congenital or a oii ii red jkpial 

Of more importance in a consideration of the meJical afpeels of 
this subject is the ineflSdency which follows the Increased Borbii^ 
and morality. The short period of self-maintenance is fofiowed ly 
the long years of dependency m hospitals and poor hooseSt tte ipRid 
of contagious diseases, the inherited defects and the b Bn di tt ^ the 
syphilis and gonorrhoea amongst innocent diiklren. 

The medical aspects of control are: 

1. Registration of Tcnereal disease. 

2. Segregation of the infectious. 

3. Supervision of candidates for marriage. 

4. Registration of births. 

5. Gmipulsory treatment of the eyes of newly bom babes^ 

6. Hospitalization of infected prostitutes. 

7. Hospitalization of those innocently infected. 

8. A study of eugenics.^ 


Haw to Diminish Venereal Diseases. The time is ripe for a 
attempt to diminish venereal diseases. To accomplish this both 
should be taught the social and personal dangers of the black phgn^ 
far more to be dreaded than the white plague — vener eal disease. Tbcj 
should be taught with emphasis that these diseases, like all odKr 
tagious diseases, may be innocently acquired and transmitted. W( 
peculiarly needs such instruction, not only that she may protect her- 
self, but that she may protect her child against daqger fi 
to whose care it may be intrusted. Both sexes should be so  
that they may teach sexual hygiene in all its relations. Tia o cfnce is M 
often dangerous ignorance. The period of instmctioii ahoaU be tf 
the onset of adolescence since careful studies by Founuer ki Ftmat 
and Erb in Germany have shown that it b about ^b period dwt int 
mfection is most likely. The work of national, state and 
organizations with the fundamental aim of instruction in aexnal 
tnd sanitation should be encouraged and broadened. The 
ihould be educated when practicable by exhibits as to the rcmfes •! 
^^enereal diseases, its causes and germs, its methods of sprcaAtg sad 

eociAL EfjL nr cmoAQO 

roL la this instroctioa the yiewpoint should be that of prophyUxts 
Ml die inpractfcabie one of creatinf teiror. PuUk lectures should 
hrcn at ii%fat at social centers, at school, and churches, so that 
mrents of school children can obtain information needed to en- 
tlicai to gire proper instruction at home. Similar instruction 
Id be firen the employes of large business houses, manufacturing 
s» elc^ so that thb class which is thrown on its own resources at 
Iffy age may profit by thb training.^ 

fettiam of the Innocent, No marriage should be legal unless both 
es furnish certificates of health and freedom from venereal dis- 
giren by legally qualified phjrsicians. In these certificates, the 
ictaa giving them should assume all civil and crimmal responsi* 
for them. The person officiating at a marriage ceremony should 
ifiged by law to require such certificate. 

fcctioQ of an innocent wife by a husband under the common law 
iple of the Kentucky decision in Hoove v. Hoove is a criminal 
se in itself and unlike adultery cannot be condoned by the wife. 
T the Canon law since infection interferes with procreation which 
lanoQ law regards as essential to marriage. Such infection can 
r the spirit of the Canon law create annulment of marriage, like 
other factor of sterility. Under these principles the marital 
itioQS of evidence would be nullified. The penalty for such 
tion should be one which would punish the criminal and not the 
y or the innocent wife as does most of the legislation against 
ty» aba n do nm e nt and like offenses involved in marital relations. 
■arantine and isolatkm require increased hospital provision, espe- 
siacc, as shown by experience, police regulatkm is a failure so 
I venereal disease is concer n ed being replaced in the Scandanavian 
Mg countries by sanitary superviskm quarantine and isolation, 
tal provisioo and dispensary facilities for the care of venereal 
le shoold be increased along the lines shown to be practicable by 
b^iish lock hospitals. 


elA Depmiwteni mid Venereol Diseases. Under the police powers 
panlc^ by the State, except where specifically limited by statute, 
of Health oouU quarantine persons when notified 



of Tenereal diseases in them by phjrsidaiis. To secure proper 
forcement of this right, it should be specifically guannteed by 
This should embody the common law view that venereal infection of 
the innocent is an assault with intent to do bodily harm, taii dova 
by the English courts in Rtgina v. Taylor, by the Orefon cowts m 
Gets Mardo v. The People, by the Kentucky courts in Hooioe v. Home, 
and by courts in other states where the principles of the commm i Isv 
obtain. That the Health Department must have the power nadcr tkb 
principle now practically dented it, is shown by the existcace of frib- 
lore beliefs peculiarly affecting the venereal diseases, that one can get 
rid of a disease by infecting an innocent person. Under this bdkf 
rapes have been committed which have sometimes, bat very laivif^ 
led to penitentiary sentences. Another great danger against which the 
Health Department requires power to guard, is that poioled ont If 
Isadore Dyer before the International Congress on Venereal Disease 
at Brussels in 1899. A^ harlot infected with sjrphilis. refused to be 
treated until she had infected five hundred men in re v eng e far her 
ownjnfection.^ When seen by Dyer she had infected two hnnM 
'men who in all probability later infected at least the same mmtka . 
of persons. In Louisiana, where this occurred, the Code Napoleai' 
voices the Roman law with its supremacy of the State, yet statatoiy 
limitation prevented interference with this woman's 

That the Health Department should have the right to inspect 
tutes by a legal extension of the right granted it to inspect odKf per* 
sons exposed to contagious disease. This will require an aflKntecit 
of the sUtute which interferes with the logical right of the HcaM 
Department in this particular. To secure proper inspection the ftft 
should be recognized that experience in despotic and theocratic govera* 
nients has shown that suppression of prostitution has often driven i 
into the mass of the community making it take the pecnliarly dauguM 
clandestine type. The existence of venereal diseases anaoog peofk 
is much underestimated. There are credible statistics to show M 
one-half of the population of civilized countries have hid 9f 
have gonorrhoea, and that from one-fifth to one-tienth hsft 
had syphilis. Not mfrequently gonorrhoea p ro du ce s many 
gers, constitutkmal results and exerts a very decided 


isUy spread from the fact that nostrum advertisements and 
diefi practically teach it is simply a catarrh. This has led 
ief that female diacharfei due to gonorrhoea are often what 
wUto," and diereforc not likely to oceaaion disease b other 
The |em of fooorrhoea may infect any nmcuont membrane 
h il may la any manner cnne in contact Thii hai been (he 
fuwiihuea e p idemic in little children, lo that in infant ho»- 
HVhsca hai required ip e cial obsemtion and care to prevent 
. The hical inttiUatioa of silver in the eye of the new bom, 
Ai( (ood rctoltt, has not been quite the nicceas which it 
mL The employment of ignoratit nudwivet had beeo a 
Ihia caae. To sooie extent thii indicates the registration 
« of an hoapilah where women are confined, whether 

mall I nil J! ho^>itab or not The rqiistntion of vanereal 
■rfi be bcM effected through maldqg' the namei of the af- 
r of confidence with both die physician reporting 
The stalnte which obtanis in some 
[ die revelation of information given b]r a ^''^ient 
idaa that is accessaiy to enable him to treat the patient 

contfdcaee is waived by the patient, iboold be amended 
ia ae aa to extend lo veoereal diseaaes and to tlie oAciab 

!> md Vtmand /Ksmsu. The Cook Conk Hosohal has 


for these cases for every 2,000 of the popnlatioo. The hospbb 
and dispensaries should be instructed to issue edocatiaoal leaflets ia- 
forming patients as to the means of preventing and spreadim die 
disease and of its dangers, such as are now issued in regard to tllbc^ 
culosis. The value of the laboratory methods while great, b aot 
fully settled. There are many diseases varyiog from scarlet fever to 
leprosy and some forms of anaemia that give the Wassennuai re 
action. It also occurs with certain patients subjected to soai 
anaesthetics. For this reason, since a question of crimtnaKty b iovobti 
too great stress cannot legally be laid oo this form of 
syphilis. The bacteriologic and protoioologic mediods of 
the germs when properly done, are, of course, decisive. This is pH^ 
ticularly true of gonorrhoea. 

Inheritance of Venereal Diseases. In the inheritance of 
diseases, two factors are involved, the direct infection of die foctBi» 
and the arrest of its development The last occurs widi both foaor- 
rhoea and syphilis, since the infant of gonorrhoeal mother shows matt 
decrease in weight after birth than do healthy infants. The arraisi 
development cases may produce any of the forms of brain or orpi 
disorders which result from defects in structures in function or 
Of course, environment turns largely on the question of 
All other things being equal, defective parentage will give rise to • 
defective environment The majority of defectives are a pfodtft 
not of heredity directly, but of arrested development due to defect 
In this the mother plays a larger part than the father stnoe tte vam 
before fecundation is the chief factor in the future beiqg, wUk Ae 
ovum after fecundation is nourished by her akxM, and tte chU 
when bom is nourished by her alone for some time after Mrtk 
While paternal defect plays a large part, much of its aUcged wtmM^ 
is due to the bad environment in which it keeps the mother. Tk 
mass of the prostitutes, as has been shown in thb country, in t# 
in France, in Russia, and in Germany, beloqg to die def ectivci» 

Sex Perversion. While the subject of sex perversion is i 
the heading of this chapter it must be understood that, unieU^y 
ing, it should come under the subject of crime and be treated a 
The bw specifically states that these practices are *inianions 
tnd provides certain punishments, among which is tfie loaa of 

■ocuL wfw m cmcAOo 

was devoted to crime it was decided to incorporate 
h dH report where it now stands. 

very outset of the G)niniission*s inyestigation» its 
PM called by several persons to a condition of 
rtfard to sexual p erversion which was saitf to be enor- 
raloit and growing in Giicago. In reporting their im- 
fteir work on the Mnnidpal bench at the Harrison street 
9 ((XltTOa) and (Xlt70b) said that the most striking 
•d observed in the last year was the great increase of sex 
m Chicafa Police officers state the same thing. The 
( others, and the results of investigatkxis by the Com- 
noborate these statemaits. The G)mmissk>n already 
riUe information, including esthnates which seemed In- 
»c an i nves ti gator was pat in the fiekl to find out the 
sstent of thb form of vice. 

c understood that under the law, the perpetrators of 
i forms of sexual perversion can be regarded as those 
punished by applicatton of Section 47, Chapter 38, of the 
tutes of Illinois (1909), the wording of which remains 
lace the statutes were revised in 1845. 

infamous crime against nature, either with man or beast, 
^jcct the offender to be punished by imprisonment, in the 
iary for a term not more than ten years.'*' 

nitsion's investigator was, of course, unable to gain en* 
ho§€ circles of the very well-to-do, which are engaged in 
es, nor did he concern himself with the lowest strattmi 
vhich is the class most observable in our courts. Nor 
any information about the much more occasional cases 
91, of which the G>mmission heard something from other 
t most readily, however, became acquainted with whole 
Dolonies of these men who are sex perverts, but who do 
le hands of the police on account of their practices, and 
known in their true character to any extent by phjrsicians 
te fact that their habiu do not, as a rule, produce bodily 
• no t ewor t hy that the details of information gained from 
y, who was once detailed on this work, and from a young 


THE eociAL mnb and its medical aspbcib 297 

professional studentt who himself, for a timet has been fnrtiaDy oh 
gaged in this practice* were completely substantiated by the 
sion's investigator. 

It appears that m this c t e is a large nmnbcr of 

who are thoroughly gregarit 1 t; who mostly affect te €a^ 

riage, mannerbmSy and speech of men; who are fond of nuj 
articles ordinarily dear to the femini leart; who are oftca people 
of a good deal of talent; who lean to fantastic in dress and ote 
modes of expression, and who have a definite cult widi regard to 
sexual life. They preach the value of non-association with woaei 
from various standpoints and yet with one another have practices whidi 
are nauseous and repulsive. Many of them speak of thenschcs m 
each other with the adoption of feminine terms, and go by gUi' 
names or fantastic application of women's titles. They have a f»> 
cabulary and signs of recognition of their own, which serve as as 
introduction into their own society. The cult has produced mm 
literature, much of which is uncomprehensible to one who cannot rod 
between the lines, and there is considerable distribution amoqg tka 
of pernicious photographs. 

In one of the large music halls recently, a much applauded act w» 
that of a man who by facial expression and bodfly cont o t tk » nftt- 
sented sex perversion, a most disgusting performance. It was eti* 
dently not at all understood by many of the audience, but others wi^f 
applauded. Then, one of the songs recently ruled off the stage If ^ 
police department was inoffensive to innocent ears, but was wif 
written by a member of the cult, and replete with suggestivcacsi 1* 
those who understood the language of his group. 

Some of these men impersonate w< en on the cheap wamkvft 
stage, in connection with disorderly saloons. Their dtsgnise ii ^ 
perfect, they are enabled to sit at tables with men b et n ecn te tf& 
and solicit for drinks the same as prostitutes. 

Two of these ''female impersonators'* were recently 
of the most notorious saloons on (Xl262c) street These 
women solicited for drinks, and afterwards invited the men to 
over the saloon for pervert practices. 

The Gxnmission hesitates about nudci ig recommendations kf ^ 
specific amelk>ratk» of the evils whkh it has learned abont k ** 

diljr obtain coiiTiction when desirable. 
iiq>ear rery doubtful, however, whether any spread of the 
lcd(t of tbcM pnctkcs ii in any way desirtbic Prob- 
filj and wholCTomcncti of the normal Kxnal relationdif 
I MccMaiy to dwdl on. 

if Vtntrnl Dittattt. Tbe following cxtracti from vati* 
in thaw the raraga of Tcncreal dkeaset : 

kc whole tale were KM, tbe pb,ytki»a most aboulder no 
Inrc of tbe moral rc^wasibdity for tbe prevalence of 
IB in America, whether we mean by thif term that fomi 
id and (auctioned in high life tw tbe divorce court, or, 
bodi high and lowly, the a-ime of the brothel Tbe phy 
t kast, has a thoroogh knowledge of tbe conteqaencei of 
•mm of immorality, u thown in retrograde and degenerate 
s in tbe human economy. From mdi a mother influence 
Iro— i ca t VXff the famotu family of Jnkes in New York 
K vicioos coople, with 1,S00 direct descendanU or o^x-bg, 
4, of whom MO died In infancy, SOO were paopen, teren 
wdercn, 50 pcos ti t a tea. 60 thieves, 180 general criminab, 
f physical wrcdn, and many bntxcile or insane. 
• arc about tOO,000 lentk subjects in New York Gty 
hnbly four times that number, (800,000), caaes of 
MB. While all proatitntef are oontidered g 
it rrifai-'r' tint every fourth one is qua 

MMia Acre an aaniMlly TTS,000 venereal t 



healthy tyt$^ who became blind, did lo as die rank of traat- 
mitted gonorrhoea.'* The Soclal Evil ik Ambdca, WIDmb, 
1905, |>age 80. 

"1. C^hthalmia neonatorum furnishes 10<B per cent of te 
blind — a larger proportion than any other sin^ cause. BUndaos 
from this cause means an entire life of blindneta. 

"3. Acquired blindness, (a) Gonorrhoea! oonjundintb fonv 
0.9 per cent of all acquired blindness, (b) Diseases of the qpei 
from syphilis forms 0.4 per cent of aoquured blindness. Rirn- 
ENCE Handbook of the Meihcal Scisnces^ 1901« page 9. 

"Noeggerath states that 50 per cent of sterile wonen otn 
their sterility to gonorrhoea. 

"Sanger says that abortion occurs as frequendy ommg to 
gonorrhoea as it does as the result of lues. 

"Noeggerath cites the cases of 58 women pregnant dnin 
gonorrhoea, of whom 19 aborted. 

"Fruhingsholtz cites 101 cases, of which 2S aborted, and seici 
went into premature labor. 

"Price, of PhiUdelphia, says that of 1,000 abdominal opo^ 
ations in women, 95 per cent were the remit of conditions dK 
to gonorrhoea. 

"German Empire statistics of 1894 showed 80 per cent woaKi 
who died of uterine and ovarian diseases. The Social Eva iv 
America, Wilson, 1905, page 80. 

1. Thirty per cent, of venereal infections of women in prifsie 
practice in New York City are communicated by the husband 

2. Fournier states that in France 5 per cent of luetic woaKi 
were infected during marriage. 

3. Morrow, of New Yjorlg states that 70 per cent of aU 
wcmien at New York Hospital for treatment of venereal troohk 
were respectable married women infected by their husbands. 

4. Gonorrhoea cause of abortion. Of 58 prcgiiaiicici» It 
aborted. (Noeggerath.) 

5. In one year not less than 8,000 women in Fuglaml sad 
Wales had their entire procreative organs r emofe d owing to 

6. Sterility in women due to gonorrhoea, 45 per cent (Nci»- 
Race Cultuee on Race Suiodb, 1906, kobbet Rsnoou 
page 118. 

U StnaUy. 

1. General accepted ratk> among dviliied natiooa of stcriBty 
is 11 per cent 

8. In 1900 sterility among nathre bom while woomi U. S 
was 80 per cent 

8. Two children to a famHv in the United Statct. 

4. A healthy woman livuig m wedkxk all of her diild bearinc 
life, under favorable circumstances for natnial procfcatte 
should have a family of ten chiMren. 




. A wMna who hu been unrried three years without con- 
■OBp iwi BO |ircfcuu?e oieo y nMj oe prefomea lo oe nenie. 
. lie avtrw ratio of ttafrnilftil mirnafet b 1 fat 10. (Don- 
of Giait Briakk) 

. The sMla hu been italed at fauh in percentages from 
I/I to n per cent RmisircB Hammook or the midical 

mmcATiVB or the pibvalbiccc or vbneial do- 
tii nrnuiiT coimruis. 


of Vaocreal Cases adm i ttrf to treatment in each 1,000 ap- 
 ior hospltil 






1. IfHV 

0» JUIS^v • • • ••••• • • • 


















iMsniflroMpr Mtmtmres. Tlie remarlcable progressive reduction 
a ratio of ▼enercal disease in the British Army is shown in the 
wiag tables: 


lio per 1,000 of strengtlL 


Horn* Amy 

Indian Aimjr 




Ka on Adounistrative Aga Enthetic Disease, H. 11. WilsM 
L, Ijoadon, Appendix B. 

the British /my » I d Ichener, the Commander ii 

, issned a la to every I the army, with fai sU o Ui on 

m m *'' 

ram social btil and itb MoncAL 


that it be carried in his small book of instructkNis far comtanl refo^ 

dice. This order of the Gxiunander in Chief warned the aokfier 

igainst the dangers from venereal disease, emphasiied tlie io^ortaace 

of a moral sex life, the soldier's duty to himself, his lefimeBt, aad 

his government, not to disable himself through venereal eontaauBa- 

tion. It also recommended proper recreation, study or work for hb 

leisure hours. In addition to this leaflet, the army, the dntrcfa peopk, 

and philanthropic agencies endeavored to supply the soUien with 

proper amusement, and an opportunity for helpful work or stndy. 

The consequences of this movement, at least to a great extent, was a 

notable reduction in the amount of venereal disease tn the British 

Army in India. To be explicit. In 1884 the English laws p e smi ttc d 

the medical inspection of prostitutes in Great Britain and India. At 

that time the number of venereal cases in England was S70 per 

thousand soldiers, m the Indian army 293 per thousand ; m 1908, the 

number of venereal cases in the home army was 68.4 and in the la- 

dian army 69.8 per thousand. The record of the intervemng yean 

shows a marked decrease from the date of issuing of Lord Kitdi- 

ener's instructions to the soldiers. The law permitting army ofidab 

or others to examine prostitutes was repealed in 1886. The cioft 

to introduce a moral influence was not attempted in India untfl 1817. 

Lord Kitchener enlarged and extended the efforts of his predeoesaon 

from that date on, and a marked improvement in the conditki of 

the soldiers was noted. IVk>r thereto, the percentage of diseaH 

soldiers was as high as 588 per thousand in 1895. Conseqocotiy, Ike 

drop to 69 per thousand in 1908 deserves special notice. 

In the American army, similar efforts have recently been ktro- 
duced, though in some posts more effort is placed on medical ptt* 
ventives or cures than on moral influence. While everything 
be done to prevent disease, or to cure it after contracted, 
shows that the best results have never been accomplished withont At 
assistance of moral and educatkxial influences, and the endeavor la ia- 
ctilcate self control on the part of the men. 

Prophylaxis. The researches carried out m France bj lldek- 
nikoff and Roux on syphilis, in Germany by Neisaer oa fOMh 
rhoea, have shown that these two infections can be pfrnlai ii 
A great number of cases. 


These proofs wtt of considerable practical importance. Tbqr 
vaish fresh arms for contending against the venereal peril 
I regard to this matter, it b indispensable to take, in the am^, 
rcrj necessary prophxlactic measure. 

In a matter of this Undt one most pnt aside all prejndite. It 
mccrns the pnUic healdi, the presenration of the race, efea 
le peace of families, so that no precaution shoold be n^ected 
I order to stop venereal infection. 

Moreover, the morality of mdividoab has never gamed anf- 
ling bj ignorance or dissimulation. It is only doing a sodsl 
■ty to fatttmct the young soldiers about certah dangers whidi 
rcaten them, and lo provide them with the means of avoidfaf 
I oMch as posstbk the consequences when they are exp osed to 

R N. Robson, Social Disease and Its Prevention, London, 
impkm, Marshall Hamilton, Kent and Co., Limited, 1909. 

neniwf Measurgs in United Staits Army, *' Among the 

tres which have been found most successful in other services in 

Aing this disease have been the following: 

The organisation of soldiers' clubs, canteens, etc., where en- 
men can find amusement and recreation sufficiently attractive to 
them at home and away from vile resorts. 

The formation of temperance associations among the enlisted 
the association of intemperance and venereal indulgence being 

The early detection of all cases of venereal diseases by peri- 
physical examination of the men stripped. 

Keeping all cases of venereal disease under continuous ob- 
ion and treatment until they are cured. For this purpose, 
eal registers are kept, and a case once on the books is never 
tgbt of until cured. Should a man be transferred while under 
to another post or station, his venereal history goes with 

Instruction of the men by lectures and by informal advice 
ever the opportunity offers as to the nature of venereal dis- 

the extent of their prevalence among prostitutes, and the grave 
not only to those who contract them, but to thdr famflies and 
rfty. iVey should also be taught that sexual intercourse is not 
lary to good healdi and the highest degree of mental and pbysicsl 

Approved meaanres of personal prophyUxis of those who wiH 


contrary to advice, expose themselves to venereal infectioo. AH tix 
princi[>al European armies, with the exceptioo of ttet of Grat 
Britian, have officially authorized or directed the use of such pfophf- 
lactic measures, and a considerable degree of success has attaded 
their use. In some of the Austrian garrisons this system is nii to 
have effected a decrease of 68 per cent in the cases of venereal <fii- 
ease. In the German army equally good results have been rcpocted. 
The general procedure in all the armies is about the same, d»ml 
there are slight differences in the details, especially in rcfard lo it 
particular antiseptic emplpjred. 

The importance of personal cleanliness was trnfUmund and af- 
gestions made for the providing of appropriate propbylactk pfepva- 
tions where they would be accessible to men who desired lo mt 

Report of the Surgeon-General of the United Slates Army to 4k 
SecreUry of War, 1910, pp. 60 and 68. 

Results of ExaminaHons. ''Uy Dear Colleague: Police-Pkesitat 
Kottig has just sent me your letter, which arrived today, and fe- 
quests me to give an answer to it I am sorry to say that, owing to 
the short period of time at our disposal (I had asked to have hii 
answer by October 18), I shall be unable to give ^ou the desired dtfa, 
since the entire material, the publication of which was planned far 
the International Exposition of Hygiene, which takes place not 
year, is still in course of arrangement On the whole, howefcr, I 
can inform you that, since the introduction of these m^hods of ex- 
amination which you witnessed with us, the number of cases of &* 
ease has become so minutely small it is no longer posstbie to admcf 
an earnest argument against the justifiability of our regnlatioas.' 

Social Diseases, Vol. 1, No. 4. Letter to Dr. Bierhoff from Pol» 
Surgeon Winkler of Dr^en. 

Dr. Foumier says : 

"Supervision must be humane; that is, must be free from Ik 
persecutions of an intolerant discipline, and from all 
in a word, from all requirements whkh sunply exasperate 
and compel them to shake off an odious yoke, to the great 
of the public health. The women under restraint by reason of 
tagious disease should be treated as sick, and not as criminal 09* 
sons, with all the kindness which is due any sack person. iW 
should not be kept in a prison but in a special asylum, ontil a cih 
tificate of health is given. Moral influences should be used da~*~ 
>tay in the asylum; a trade should be taught by which the 
can earn an honest living, and she should then be enco ur afed ari 
helped to lead a better life. Perhaps a more authoritative and cob- 
petent representatkm of the system of rtgUnunMiam oonkl not k 

rhe Eighth Yearbook of the Natkmal Society for the Sdeatific SMf 
^ Educatkm, 1909, part 1, page 55. 


0/ ProsHiuUs by ihe Board of Hiolth. 

Lskofitofy cxtmsnttiofL 

jQoorrhoca, ditchtrget by microtcopc for gonococcL 

^jFpUUt; mkrmcopk eximiiiatioii for spurochtctte. 

WaMcnnaini blood test for sjrphilis. 
^Mraattne: m hotpitals. 

la homes when under age. 
^o tiicit io n of Tenereal diseases to the Department of Health. 
iaaa shoold be supplied with blank forms. They should fin these 
in the case of other contagious diseases, omitting the name of 
test When the phjrsictan is convinced that the patient is 
ng the dtsease* the name should be supplied to the Department 
M^ as such conduct is a menace to the public health. 
rhe names of all infected persons should be supplied to the 
nent of Health, as the nature of their occupation insures the 
of disease. 


n order to diminish the spread of venereal diseases, both 
book! be taught the social and personal dangers that surround 

io marriages should be legal unless both parties furnish cer- 
of health and freedom from venereal diseases given by legally 
1 phjrstdans. 

Ik Department of Health should have power to quarantine per- 
llictcd with venereal diseases. 
The Department of Health should have the right to faispect in- 

"here is only one hospital in Cook County where venereal 
can be sent for treatment free of charge. 
here it only one other hospital in Chicago where pay venereal 
p a tients may be received without objection. 
There shookl be at least one bed set apart for these cases for 
,000 of the population. 

I the kA critance of venereal diseases, two factors are in- 
the direct hifeclkNi of the foetus and the arrest of its devek)p- 


ram social btil and itb iodigal 

7. The mass oi prntttutes in this and other conatriet bckMf to 
the defectives. 

8. The sexual perverts also belong to the defecttrct. 

9. Much of the moral responsibilitjr for the prevakaoe of i^ 
ertinism in America rests up the phjrsician. 

10. The ravages of venereal diseases are past 
Among the results mentioned are: 

(a) Criminals. 

(b) Blindness. 

(c) Sterility. 

(d) Abortion. 

(e) Abdominal operations. 

(f) Uterine and ovarian disease. 

(g) Death at an early age. 
/" 11. Army statistics show that there are more cases of 
^ diseases among the soldiers in the United States army where timt s 
i no legal control* than among soldiers in foreign countries where cos- 

trol is exercised. 

12. It is estimated there were over 30,000 public pto sti t ut t s is 
New York City (1897). 

(a) Rates of mortality among children of these prostitnto if 
greater than ordinary ratio among children. 

(b) Average duration of prostitute's life, four jrears.' 

(c) Nearly one-half of the prostitutes in New York Gty art cr 
have been luetics. | 

(d) Destitution or poverty is said to be tiie greatest cause of proi- 
titution, inclinati6n next 

13. Administrative measures have reduced the amount of rtaani 
diseases among European troops in India. 

14. Infection from gonorrhoea and syphilis can be prevented m 
a great number of cases. 

15. IVeventive measures are now being introduced amoog tk 
soldiers in the United States army. 

16. The modem program for the reduction of venereal discaio 
should command the support of the majority of medical men. 

*Thlf cttlmatc is too low. It is now tbovglit to be f roM five lo Icb 

TWi pfQcrm of ictlOH is to f fo o o uw phjfiicol eras of pfoi* 



Is hoBMS wboi voder ngc 

■■M OI U BlIvCIM pcraOOi l«|l|MNa vO IiC|NUUIKOK 01 

It colted 10 tht ffcwmnriliHnt of Urn Cowmlniun, piy 


ToB of Rsiited StiaiM* of DIaaoic aai OrriiMBCci 
of the Ckr of Chicaio 

L4WB AMD ommjMcm 


DisoiDEKLY House— House of Ill-Fame» Hords' Rcvited Sttl* 
utes of lUifXMS (1909), CSiapter 38, Sectioo 57. 

Section 57. Whoever keeps or maintains a hoose of B-faae 
or place for the practice of prostitution or lewdness, or whoever pt- 
tronizes the same, or lets any house, room or other pr e mis e s for iaj 
such purpose, or shall keep a common, in-goyemed and disonkrif 
house, to the encourag|ement of idleness, gamii^, drinldnj^ fonKS> 
tion or other misbehavior, shall be fined not exmdin^ $200. Wbci 
the k^see or keeper of a dwelling house or other buildti^ is ooovidei 
under this section, the lease or contract for letting the premises sW 
at the option of the lessor, become void, and the lessor may hm the 
like remedy to recover the possession as against a tenant hftUtg 
over after the expiratk>n of his term. ^ And whoever stall lease to 
another any house, room or other premises, in whole or in part, kf 
any of the uses or purposes finable under this section, or 
permits the same to be so used or occupied, shall be fined 
ceeding $200, and the house or premises so leased, oocopied or 
shall he held liable for and may be sold for any judgment 
under this section, but if such building or premises belongs to a 
or other person under guardianship, men the guardian or 
and his proi>erty shall be liable instead of such ward, and Us pnpjf 
shall be subject to be sold for the pairment of said jndgmeat (IL i 
1845, p. 174, sec 127.) 


House op Ill-Fame or Assignation. Revised Mmiictpal Cd^ 
(1905), Sections 1456, 1458, 1458A, 1460. 

Section 1456. No person shall keep or maintain a house of i^ 
fame or assignation, or place for the practice of fornication or pg^ 
titution or lewdness, under a penalty of not to esreecd two Imw* . . 
dollars for every twenty-four hours such hoose or pUoe shall be W m3 
or maintained for such purpose. 

Section 1458. Every house of ill-fame or boose^ of 
where men and women resort for the purpose of fomkatioa ec; 
titution is hereby declared to be a nuisance. 

Section 1458A. Anv person leasing to another any hoaiei 
or other premises in whole or in part for any of the uses or p*,_^^ 
set forth in Section 1456 of the Revised Munictpal Code of CBjgj 
of 1905, or knowingly permitting the same to be used or oov^j 
for such purpose; shdl be fined not exceeding |20a (Pusri >* 
^th, 1910, Coundl Proceedings, p. 3111.) 


mnrr op Health and Its RiLAnoir to Houses op Pios- 
Hord's Remed Sutntei of lUmau (1909), Oispter 24, 

 24S, LtcsmtHO and Medical iMsncnoii Foisibdkm. 
:M ftjr M# PfofU of tlu State of IIHnoia, rtfrtMtmtd m 
rf AMwMy, That h itull be untawful for the anponte 
. ei aajr tkf, town or viUAge in this state to gnnt a license 
m^ awe or female, to keep what is Icnown as a bouie of 
r hoMe of proat i t uti oo. And it shall be unlawful for anjr 
mkfa (or ainr ro onber or onplojree of the same) now ex- 
«Wdi majr hereafter exist tinder the laws of this state, 
• in tte man aw aiea t of any hoose of iU-famc or house of 
^ or to provide in anj manoer for the medical inspection 
Mkw of any inmate of the same. (See aec 62, item 45.) 
w M6. EMiRGBifcy. Whereas, the l^isbtive antborities 
dties in this state arc about to license bousei ol ill-fame, 
m ^s cu cne y exists wfav tUs act should lake effect imme- 
vcfon, tUi act shall tailw effect and be in force fnxn and 


KB Paoti i i inro i. H«rd's Revised Statutes of nUoob 
^•sr 38, Sectioa S7A. 

I 57A. KcsptHO Boats. Etc, pok Puiposbs op Faos- 
B« if tmeud hy llu Ptofit of tkt SiaU of /Umoif, rtprt- 

' ■i'..~m'J3fim 





Frequenting Houses of Ill-Fame. Reriaed Mmic^tl Grfe U 
Chicago (1905), Sectioo 1457. 

Section 1457 No person shall patrooiaey {reqaeiil» be fond k 
or be an inmate of any house of ill-fame or assifntioiit or obce for 
the practice of prostitution or lewdness under a penalty of nol a- 
ceedmg $200 for each offense. 


DisoiDEXLY Conduct— ENTiaNG, Detaining and ALunrtNC Fli- 
HALES IN Houses of Prostitution, and Seduction. HnnTs RetM 
Suttttes of Illinois (1909), Chapter 38, Sections 55» STB, S7Q STA 
57E, 57F, 57G, 57H, 571, 57J, 57K, 525. 

Section 55. Punishment. Whoever shall be gaSty of open lewd- 
ness, disorderly conduct, or other notorious act of public ind e ij ai g, 
tending to debaudi the public morals, shall be fined not exc ee din f |2D0l 
(R. S. 1845, p. 174, Section 127.) 

Section 57B. Enticing Female to Enter House of Pnusiuo- 
tion, etc Be U enacted by the People of the State of lUmois, refn^ 
sented in the General Assembly, Whoever within this state, shal, bf, 
or under any false pretense, entice, induce or procure any unmanirf 
female of a chaste life and conversation, residing or being in tins tfA 
to enter a house of prostitution or any dance house, garden or preoBSO 
where prostitution, fornication or concubinage is practiced or aDovcd 
in this state, or shall entice, induce or procure sudi unmarried itmk 
to leave this state and go to any other State or Territory of the XMA 
States, or any foreign State or Territory, for the purpose of prostitoM 
or fornication, or to enter an^ house, garden or premises ii^ere prosti- 
tution or fornication is practiced or allowed, and whoever aids, assbn 
or abets any person or persons in conunitting aforesaid offenses or 
either of them, on conviction, shall be imprismied in the penkentiuy 
not less than one nor more than ten years. 

Section 57C Unlawfully Detaining FkMALB ik House or 
Prostitution, etc Whoever shAll unlawfully detain or riiinfinr mi 
female, by force, false pretense or intimidation, in any roon. bsM 
building or premises in this State, against the will of sudi fanh^ if 
purposes of prostitution or with intent to cause such fem^ lo 
s prostitute, and be guilty of fornication or concubinajge 
shall by force, false pretense, confinement or intimidatioii 
prevent any female so as aforesaid detained, from leaviof snch 
house, building or premises, and whoever aids, assists or abets by 
f Alse pretense, confinement or intimidation, in keep i n g, '^ * 


fctejpinf ujr female m May room, botuc, btiildtii( or pnoi- 
Sutc, Mguiut tbe will of todi female, for the purpoee of 
, foraiatioa or concuboufc, ihal] oa coimctioii, be bn- 
tbe penitcfrttWT not leu thu one nor more than tea 

57D. ftwALTV FOR Allowing FkicALC Uiron Eiortikk 
Hotni or PiomrvnoN. Whoever, being tbe keeper of 
Bfo rtituli on, or assiputioa house, building or pren ui ei in 
BCft proetitntioii, fornication or concubinage it allowed or 
■n mffer or permit any unmarried female under the age of 
irs to live, board, stop or room in Mch lioasc, building or 
an on Goariction, be tmpriaoncd in the penitentiary not 1^ 
w more dian five yean. (As amended br act approved 
I Jane 3, 1889. L. 1889, p. 112; Legal Newt Ed., p. 79.) 
57E. Pehalty foi Emticinc to Coke into State rot, 
tcr shall entice, induce or procure to come into this States 
led female under the age of eighteen jrears, for the pur- 
mutajn, fornication or oonnibinagc, or to enter any house 
on in this State, shall,, on conviction, be imprisoned in the 
not less than one nor more than five years. (2) 

57F, Not Amcr Act as to Abduction of Fehales. 
of this act shall not affect Section 1 of Division 1 of the 
de, entitled, "Abduction of Females," or any indictmcAt 
N that may hereafter be found under said acL (2) 
kcr in relation to pandering; to define and prohibit the 
me; to provide for the punishment thereof, for the com- 
lencj of certain evidence at tbe trial therefor and provid- 
F what shall be a defense. (Approved Tune 1, 190B. In 
rce July 1. 1908.) 

kCT to amend an act entitled. "An act in relation lo pan- 
rng: to define and prohibit the same, to provide for the 
niinment thereof, for the competency of certain evidence 
the trial therefor, and providing what shall be a defense." 
proved June 1, 1908, in force July 1. 1908, and also the 
le of said act (Approved June 12, 1909. In force July 
1909. L. 1909, p. 180.) 

S7G. Defining THi Opfinu OP PANDUtNC. Section (1) 
an who shall procure a female inmate for a house of pnMtt- 
), by promises, threats, violence or tnr any device or scheme, 
adncc, persuade or encourage female person to become aa 
hoBBC of prostitution, or shall procure a place as inmate 

prostitution for a female person, or any person who shall, 
areata, violence or by any device or scheme, cause, induce, 
tMOorifc an inmate of a bouse of prostitution to remain 
ii inmate, or any person who shall, by fraud or artifice, or 
perwia or goods, or by abase of any position of confidence 

pincnre waj female person to become an inmate of a 


bouse of Ol-fame, or to enter any place in which p ro stituti on is cncoor- 
aged or allowed within this State, or to cocne into tfus State or ktn 
this State for die purpose of prostitution, or who shaU procure wtj 
fmale person who has not previously practiced prostttutioo to bcooae 
an inmate of a house of ill-tame within this State, or to come into tUs 
State or leave this State for the purpose of prostitution, or who daB 
receive or f[ive, or agree to receive or give, any money or thing of vakK 
for procunng, or attempting to procure, any female person to beooae 
an inmate of a house of ill-fame within this State, or to come into thb 
State or leave this State for the purpose of prostitution, shaU be faky 
of pandering;, and upon a first conviction for an offense under dm act 
shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail or house of oorre^ 
tion for a period of not less than six months nor more than one year 
and by a fine of not less than three hundred dollars and not to exceed 
one thousand dollars, and upon conviction for any subsequent offense 
under this act shall be punished by imprisonment in the penitentivy 
for a period of not less than one year nor more than ten years. 

Section 57H. £vii»nce for Pbosecution. It shall not be a de- 
fense to a prosecution for any of the acts' prohibited in the foregoing 
section that any part of such act or acts shall have been committed out- 
side this State, and the offense shall in such case be deemed and alleged 
to have been committed and the offender tried and punished in aoy 
county in which the prostitution was intended to be practiced, or m 
which the offense was consummated^ or any overt acts in furthemoe 
of the offense shall have been committed. 

Section 571. Female Competent Witness NoxwrrHSTANDCXC 
Marriage to Accused. Any such female person referred to in the 
foregoing sections shall be a competent witness in any prosecution under 
this act to testify for or against the accused as to any transaction or as 
to any conversation with the accused or by him with another person or 
persons in her presence, notwithstanding her having married the ac- 
cused before or after the violation of any of the provisions of this 
act, whether called as a witness during* the existence of the marnagc 
or after its dissolution. 

Section 57J. What is Not a Defense. The act or state of lna^ 
riage shall not be a defense to any violation of this act 

An Act to prevent the detention, by debt or otherwise, of femiie 
persons in houses of prostitution or other places where pro^ 
titution is practiced or allowed, and providing for the pvi- 
ishment tiiereof. (Approved June 9, 1909. In force pfy 
1909. L. 1909. p. 179.) 

Section 57K. Detaining Female Against Her Will in a Jknm 
OP PaosTiTirriON— Penalty. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Pe9^ 
of the State of lUinois, represented in the General AsstmMy, IW 
whoever shall by any means keep, hold or detain against her wiB tf 
''^ndnf an^ female person in a house of prostitution or other pitf 
where prostitution is practiced or allowed, or whoever shaU, dnecqr^ 

r mny subsequent ofFcnse under this set shall be punished by 
iRit in the penitentiary for a period of not less than one year 
tbwi five yean. 

Sioocnoit or Fkhaus. 

I Acr to paaiah the Mdoctioa of females. (Approred April 
19, 1899. In force Jnly 1, 1899. L. 189$. p. 148; Legal 
Ntwi Ed., p. 124.) 

ii S2S. CuMK DiFitfiD — PuNiSRUENT FoL Be U enacttd 
<fU «f Uu Slatt of lUincit, rtprtunted t* the Cenerai Auem- 
WS penoa who shall seduce and obtain carnal knowtedgc of 
■md female tmder the age of ewhtecn yeira of previoni 
meter, riiall, on coimctioa, be pumsbed hy a fine of not less 
Im iim i im I doUsra and not more than five titousaod doUan or 
■neat in the coonty jafl not exceeding one year, or by both 
8Bd j W fif inMune nt . and to stand committed until sucii tine 
let fnlqr paid, but no convictioa shall be bad of said crime 
tatimoay of the female unsupported by other eridence: 
Wt< that the m baeq i ie n t inlemiarria(e of the parties shall 
»die pfoaecotlan of said offense 


Walkim. Revised Municipal Code of Cbttaco (1905). 
 1454. DnonoLT Cohbuct. All persoos who shall 

wiwOnsnct or asnst m maldnf any improper noise, riot, 
e, breach of the peace or diversion tending to a breach of 
vtdm the fimits of the dtr: all oersons who shall collect in 


cupied buildings, or tmdenieath sidewalks, or lodcing in die opci air 
and not giving a good account of themselves ; all persons wbo shall 
wilfully assault another in said dty, or be engaged in or aid or abet 
in any fight, quarrel or other disturbance in said dtf; all fcmm 
who stand, loiter or stroll about in any place in said d^ waitiag or 
seeking to obtain money or other valuable thing from others by trid 
or fraud or to aid or assist therdn; all persons that shall engage ia 
anv fraudulent scheme, device or trick to obtain money or oikr 
i^uable thing in any place in said dty, or who shall aid or abet or ia 
any maner be concerned therein ; all touts, ropers, steeiers or cappoi, 
so called, for any gambling room or house who shall ply or atteaipt 
to ply their calling on anv public street in said dty; all persons fooad 
bitering about in any hotd, bk)ck, barroom, dram-shop, ^aUkag 
house or disorderly house, or wandering about the streets dther If 
night or dav without any known lawful means of support, or with- 
out being able to give a satisfactory account of themsdves; aD pe^ 
sons who shall have or carry any pistol, knife, dirk, knnckles, shag- 
shot or other dangerous weapon concealed on or about thrir persons; 
and all persons who are known to be thieves, burglars, pickpockets, 
robbers or confidence men, either by their own confession or other- 
wise, or by having been convicted of larceny, burglary or other crime 
against the laws of the state of Illinois, who are found lounging in or 
prowling or loitering around any steamboat landing, railroad depot, 
banking institution, place of public amusement, auction room, hotel 
store, shop, thoroughfare, car, omnibus, public conveyance, puUk 
gathering, public assembly, courtroom, public building, private dwell- 
ing house, out-house, house of ill-fame, gambling house, tippEm 
shop, or any public place, and who are unaUe to give a reasonabk 
excuse for bdng so found, shall be deemed guilty of disorderly av- 
duct, and upon conviction thereof shall be severally subject to a te 
of not less than one dollar nor more than two hundred dolhrs for 
each offense. 

Section 1459. Night Walkeks. All prostitutes, solicitors Is 
prostitution, and all persons of evil fame or report, plying their «o* 
cations upon the streets, alleys or public places in the dty, are berdf 
declared to be conunon nuisances and shall be fined not to exceed aar 
hundred dolUrs for each offense. 

Section 1476. Vagabonds and Vagrants. All persons whoaicjir 
and dissolute, or who go about beggin^^, all persons who use aajr " 
game, sleight of hand or juggling tnck or other uidawfid g«nf * 
cheat, defraud or unlawfully obtain money or other valuable tfcaf 
pilferers; confidence men; conunon drunkards; common ni|^ vafr 
crs; persons lewd, wanton or lasdvious in speech or behavior;''^ 
^on brawlers ; persons who are habitually neglectful of thdr 

Qient or their calling, and do not lawfully provide for themsehci' 
for the support of their families; and all persons who are idkf 
dissolute and who neglect all Uwful business, and who hd 
nusspend thdr time by frequenting houses of ill-fame, ganaiog 

innwo, proKcr  otncc, }»abc ui )mui»; «iiiuk:iiiciii, ^uliiuii 

, iIm^ or crowded thoroughfare, car or omnibus, or at 
■stbering or usembly, or lounging about any court room, 
WW hooM* or out-houses, or are found in any house of 
■Unc home, or tippGns shop, ihall be deoned to be 
I deand to be vacaDoncu, and ihall be fined not to ex- 
ited doOira for c»ch off cnae. 



tcviMd StatBtei of IDinoU (1909), Chapter 38, Sectioat 

27Ql VAGAioinia — What Shau. Cohstitutk. All per- 
t Ue and diuolnte, and who go about begging ; all personi 
r Ji if ^iii f or other unlawful games or pays; runaways; 
Moee ma ; coomioa dnmkanb ; conuncKi night-walkers; 
I md l aaci f i o us personi, in speech or behavior ; co mm on . 
mwlcn; pcnoos who are habitnallr n^factful of their 
•r Ibdr calling, and do not lawfully provide for them- 
r Ifae nqtport of their families ; and all persons who are 
JMe md who neglect all lawful business, and who habtt- 
■d their time by f rci|nentin^ house* of ill-f ame, gaming 
fiaif abopi ; all peraons lodging in or found in the nighl- 
OMca, •beds, bnrna or unoccupied buildings or lodging in 
, aad not giving a good account of themsclvet; and all 
■re known to be thieves, burgian or pkkpodtett, citiier by 
■fm ioa or otherwise, or bj having been convic t ed of 
iuy, or other crime against Um taws of the state, punish- 
' ' tut state prison, or in a house of oorrectioa 


dared to be vagabonds. (As amended by ad approved April 27, Ifi 
In force July I, 1877. R. S. 1845, p. 175, sec. 138; L. 1877, p. J 
Legal News Ed., p. 9a) 

Section 271. How Punished. It shall be the dut^ of die ste 
bailiff of the municipal court of Chicago, constable, aty manlial i 
police officers of any county, town, village, city or other munidpsl 
in this state, to arrest, upon warrant, and bring before the ncarc^ ji 
tice of the peace or police magistrate, or, if within the city of Qnesj 
before the municipal court of Chicago, any such vagabond, wherei 
he may be found, for the purpose of examination ; and if he pla 
guilty, or if he be found ^ilty, either by the verdict of a juiy or 
3ie finding of the said justice of the peace, police magistrate, or imi 
pal court, where a jury trial is waived, the said justice of the |»fii 
police magistrate or municipal court may sentence the said va^boi 
to imprisonment at hard latx>r upon the streets or highways, or ii tf 
jail, calaboose or other building used for penal purpose of the cat^ 
town, village, city or other municipality in which sudi vagabond n 
convicted; or to the house of correction of any city having a oooW 
with such county for the care of prisoners, for a term of not ks ia 
ten (10) days and not exceeding six months, in the discretioBof At 
said justice of the peace, police magistrate or municipal ooart;orAt 
said justice of the peace, police magistrate or munidpal court 
sentence the said vagabond to pay a fine r>f not less than twtntf dobi 
($20) nor more than one hundred dollars ($100) and costs of S8it;a' 
in default of the immediate payment of said fine and costs so v/ffd 
said vagabond shall thereupon be sentenced by said justice of the ^ 
police magistrate or municipal court to imprisonment at hani Uf 
in said jail, calaboose, or other building used for penal purpoicSi>ri 
said house of correction, or on the streets or public highways mdl*^ 
fine and costs are worked out at the rate of $1.50 per (Uy for och^ 
work, or until said fine and costs shall have been otherwise pal ' 
until said vagabond is discharged according to law. (As arnoM^ 
act approved May 24, 1907. In force July 1, 1907. L. 1907, fin) 


Sale op CbCAiNE. Kurd's Revised Statutes of Illinois (I 
Qiapter 91, Sections 32A, 32B and 32C 

Section 32A. Sale of Cocaine, etc., Forbdobn Exoer 
Written Prescription— Exception. ( 14a.) It shall be unht 
any druggist or other person to retail, sell or give away any 
alpha or beta eucaine, or any salt or any compound, or dcm 
any of the foregoins: subsUnces, or any preparation or oompo 
taming any of the foregoing substances, or any of their salts 
pounds, or derivatives, except upon the written prescription 
registered physician, which prescription shall contain the 

s or compounds, or derivatives, may lawfully be sold at 
on the written order of a licensed pharmacist, or licensed 
y registered practicing: physician, licensed veterinarian, or 
tist, poinded, that the wholesale dealer shall affix or 
Axed to the bottle* box, vessel or package, containing the 
Hid upon the outside wrapper of the package as originally 
id distinctly displaying the name and the quantity of co- 
or beta cocaine, or any salt or compound, or^ derivative 
t foregoing substances, sold, and the word "poison," with 
I place of business of the seller, all printed in red ink ; and 
0, that the wholesale dealer shall, before delivering any 
a, make or cause to be made in a book kept for the pur- 
f of die sale thereof, stating the date of sale, the qtiantity, 
m in which sold, the name and address of the purchaser, 
» of die person by whom the entry is made ; and the said 
* alwajTS open for the inspection by the proper authorities 
id shall be preserved for at least nve years after the date 
itry made therein. (As amended by act approved and in 
f 17. 190a See People v. Zito, 227 III, 434.) 

S2B. Whin Unlawpul roa Physician to Piescribe. 
aD be imlawful for anv duly registered physician or other 
escribe, sell or offer for sale, dispense or give away co- 
ir beta eucaine, or anv salt or compound or derivative of 
' substances, or any of their salts or compounds or deriva- 
iratioo or compound containing any of the foregoing sub- 
J person addicted to the habitual use of cocaine, alpiu or 
or anv salt or compound or derivative, of the foregoing 
amr form. (As amended by act approved and in force 

BC Put ALTY. Any person violating any of die provi- 
for^going sectkxis 14a and 14b shall be guilty of a mis- 
d for the first offense shall be fined not more than one 



Sections 14a and 14b shall be carried on in the same manner is k 
violations of the criminal code, and all fines collected in prosccBdoi 
shall inure to the benefit of the Sute Board of Pharmaor: Pr^iM 
Tliat suits for the recovery of the penalties prescribed in the odMr» 
tions of thb act shall be prosecuted as provided in Section IS. (AdW 
by act approved and in force January 17, 1908.) 


Sale op Cocaine Fo^bwdev Except on WarrrBN PfencBrni^ 
Revised Municipal Qxie of Qiicago (1905), Section 1470L 

Section 1470. No dnimst or other person sfaaQ idcr^, 
away any morphine, cocaineThydro-chlorate, or any salts of 19 if 
pound of the same, or anv preparation containing cocaine^ Mq^ 
hydro-chlorate, or any salts or any compound mereof, ooocfft 
the written prescription of a licensed physician or a ficonri 
^st licensed under the laws of the State of Illinois; wUdi 
tion shall be filled only once and shall have written upon it \ 
and address of the patient; Provided, that the provisions of tfeii< 
tion shall not apply to the sale at wholesale by any maimfaclff^ 
wholesale drugi^st to retail druggists or to any other persoi»i(i^ 
cocaine, morphme, hydro-chlorate, or any salts or any ooapor 
the same in original packages only, with such packages hifiilc 
thereto a label specifically setting forth the preparatioa of 
morphine, or hydro-chk>rate contained therein. 

Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of lUi' 
tion shall be fined not less than fifty dollars nor more thaa tft^ 
dred dollars for each offense. 



The Saloon and Immoial Places. Revised Munidnl 
(1905), Section 1345. 

Section 1345. Revocation op Licenses. An^ & 
under this article may be revoked upon written nobce by tk 
whenever it shall appear to his satisfaction that the par^ m\ 
shall have violated any provision of any ordinance of^the dQf 
to intoxicating liquors or any conditk>n of the bond piuiidrf 
section 1336 of this article. Upon complaint to the mayor ii 
place licensed as a saloon is a resort of disreputable persons, All 
shall cause an investigation to be made as to such oom; 
found to be true he shall forthwith revoke the license u 
such saloon. Upon report to the mayor by the police 
My saloon is the resort of disreputable persons, the majfor 
once revoke the license of the keeper of such saloon. 



II OnNNAifCB Limifint the Issuance of Dramshop Licenses in the 
4 Chicifo. Passed by City Council, June 25, 1906. 

r /I Orimmed by the City CauncU of the City of Ckicogo: 

Bcnoir L That no license for the keeping of a saloon or dram- 
wklni the City of Chicago shall at any time hereafter be issued 
uitti to muf person except as hereinafter provided. 

BcnoN 2. All hwful licenses issued and in force on the thirtjr- 
lay of Jul^» 1906, for the keeping of a sakxm or dramshop within 
ky of Chicago shall be renewed or reissued upon strict and fuU 
IJMirr with the laws and ordinances in force in the Ci^ of Chi- 
al the tine of the application for such renewal or reissue, but 
m VtoaiMt (other tlvui a renewal or reissue as hereinafter pro- 
) for the keeping of a saloon or dramshop shall at any time there- 
be jmaCed or issued until the number of licenses in force at the 
ten be less than one for every five hundred of the population of 
kv of Chicago as ascertained by the then last preceding school cen- 
n i ercMpon such new licenses may be issued from time to time to 
I ap pl ic a nts , acoordinji; to priority of application, upon full com- 
• nr the applicant with thie laws and ordinances in force in the 
if CaicifO at the time of the application for such license until the 
■u wb er of licenses in force shall equal one for cver^ five hun- 
of the population of the City of Chicago, as ascertained by the 
last preceding school census. 

Dcnoif 3. The owner or owners, or his or their legal representa- 
of a license to keep a dramshop or a saloon shall have and be 
the right to a renewal or reissue of such license at the same or 
ent place of business upon compliance with the ordinances now 
ce in the City of Chicaffo, or which may hereafter be passed gov- 
\ the licensing of dramshops or of saloons, and sucn owner or 
^s, or his or their legal representatives, of a dramshop or sakxm 
t WMj assign or convey his right to the renewal or reissue thereof 
Atr person, who, upon full compliance with the ordinances then 
"ce in the Qty of Chicago governing the licensing of saloons or 
inps shall be entitled to a renewal or reissue of such license in 
m name, and each holder of a license, or his \tgkl representatives, 
 umj assign or convey such right of renewal or reissue of such 
t vpoo the same terms and conditkxis as the original owner 
if oooM do bercimder. The privilege of renewal or reissue pro- 
bgr this ordinanoe shall imply only so Umg as the license in each 
Mil have been kept in force continuouu^ and uninterruptedly 
of the Hcentee, or his successor in mterest No license to 
I or dranshop shall be hereafter issued to a firm except 
of the hidhndiial members of the firm, and no such u- 
dnB hcnafler be issiied to a corporatk»; provided* however, 


that any corporatioa now holdiiig such a license in its name maj desf- 
nate the person or persons who shall be entitled to a renewal or reissae 
of such license for the license period beginning November 1, 1906; 
provided further, however, that such person or persons shall Mf 
<^ualify by coinpljri^g with all die laws and ordinances in force at tk 
tune in the City of Oiicago. 

Section 4. Any and all ordinances of the Qty of Chicafo so fv 
as they are in conflict with any of the provisions of thb o rdinin cc sit 
hereby repealed 

Section 5. This ordinance shall be m force from and afkr h 


An Osdinancb Fixing the Annual Fee for Dramshop 
$1,000.00. Passed by City Council, March 5, 1906. 

An Okdinancb Amending Sections 1339 and 1340 of die RciW 
Municipal Code of 1905. 

Be It Ordained by the City Council of the City of Chicago: 

Section 1. That Section 1339 of the Revised Municipal Cokd 
the City of Chicago of 1905 b hereby amended to read as foOm: 

"1339. Fee. Any person on compliance with the aforesaii ^ 
quirements and the pa3rment in advance to the City Collector oti> 
cense fee at the rate of one thousand dollars per annum, shall na^ 
a license under the corporate seal, signed by the Mayor and atlc rtriy 
the City Clerk, which shall authorize the person or persons tkfli 
named to keep a dramshop or saloon and to sell, give away or Mr 
intoxicating liquors, in quantities less than one gallon, in the pW  % 
designated in the license and for the period stated therein." Itj 

Section 2. Section 1340 of the Revised Municipal Code of Cl^ K , 
cago of 1905 is hereby amended to read as follows: ^ , _^ ^t ^ 

"1340. Periods of Payments. The saloon license year b Wf 
divided into two periods as follows : From May first to Octo ber Ij^ 

Sr-first, inclusive, shall be known as the first period; from Now** 
rst to April thirtieth of the following year, inclusive, shall be tai* 
as the seomd period. Licenses may be issued for the full Kc gyig 
or for the unexpired portion thereof, and the fee pajjrable tha# 
shall be one thousand dollars in advance for the full boense jot^ 
five hundred dollars in advance for each period; provided, dali(4i 
license shall issue for the unexpired portion of the licoise 
for the unexpired portion of any period, the fee to be paid 
shall bear the same ratio to the sum required for the wMe yor 
the number of days in such unexpired portion bears lo tM i 
number of days in the year; and provided further that no Vam i 
«rtend beyond the 30th day of April next foUowinc its ' * 

•ocuL wftts nr cmcAOo 

X This ordinifice shall be in force from and after its 
doe publication acoordiitf to hw and shall take effect on 
of Mar, A. D^ 1906. 


Ilmucfeal Code (19QS), relating to Wine Rooms, Sec- 
342, 1343 and 1344. 

1341. WiKEiooics Pa hibited. No person operating, 
X conducting a saloon, aramshop or other place tn wMdi 
, spirituous or intoxicating liquors of anv Idnd what- 
)idt given away, or otherwise dealt in, shall establish or 
connection witti such saloon, dramshop or other phee, 
mrt thereof or as an adjunct thereto, any wineroooi or 
ment die interior of which is shut off from the general 
by doors, curtains, screens, partitions, or other device 

1342. NuMBEE OP Peesons to Be Sebved. No person 
kintainiog, or conducting a restauraunt, cafe, dining room, 
i place shall serve, or permit to be served, any malt, 
uous or intoxicating liquors of any kind whatsoever in 
kpartment which may be maintained as a part or an ad- 
restaurant, cafe, dining room or other like place, to any 

crsons less than four, unless all the members of such 
ing less than four be of the same sex. 

1343. Penalty. Any person violating any of the pro- 
t two preceding sections shall be fined not less than ten 
nore than one hundred dollars for each offense; and 
ther, that in any case where any person maintaining 
I a saloon, dramshop, restaurant, cafe, dining room or 
ce at or in which malt, vinous, spirituous or intoxicating 
f kind are sold, given away, or otherwise dealt in, shall 
f the provisions of the two preceding sections, in addi- 
malty above fixed, such person shall have his license re- 
tail not be permitted to again obtain a license to operate, 
lintain a saioon, dramshop, restaurant, cafe, dining room, 
place at or in which malt, vinous, spirituous or intoxi- 
> are sold, given away, or otherwise dealt in, within the 
Tiod of two jrears from and after the date of the con- 
' such person of the violation of any said provisions. 

1344. Ill-Govebned Places — Penalty. Every com- 
remed house, or other place kept by any person licensed 
Ikk where any person is permitted or suffered to play 

chaaoe for or other valuable thing, is hereby 

riblic mitsai j i no person shall keep or maintain 

MJsanct, uii a ma r of not less than five dollars 

 o«e iMBdi i II each offense. 

liAWB AND OUHllAlian 


Dramshops. Kurd's Revised Statutes of Illiiiois (1909), Chipitr 
43, Sections 9, 14 and 15. 

Section 9. Suit fok Damages by Husband, Wife, Chiia 
FoRFETTUSE OF Lease, ETC. Every husband, wife, dbild, paicot, fari- 
ian, employer or other person, wm> shall be injured in person or pN^ 
erty, or means of support, by any intoxicated person, or in eonssqpMS 
of the intoxication, habitual or otherwise, of any person, stall htica 
right of action in his or her own name, severalljr or jointly, afUHtiV 
person or persons who shall, by selling or givuig intoxicatiog B^HH^ 
have caused the intoxication, in whole or in part, of soch pcnoiir 
persons; and any person owning, renting, leasing or peranllaf ^ 
occupation of any building or premises, and havmg kwn i My i' 
intoxicating liquors are to be sold therein, or who having kMi^ 
same for oUier purposes, shall knowingly permit therein the sdi ' 
intoxicating liquors that have caused, m whole or in part, the  
tion of any person, shall be liable, severally or jointly, with ^p^Vk 
or persons selling or giving intoxicating liquors aforesaid, ^^^^f i 
ages sustained, and for exemplary damages ; and a married "^ 
have the same right to bring suits and to control the sa 
amount recovered, as a feme sole; and all damages reoovcfdjflj 
minor under this act shall be iNiid either to such minor, or toMltl 
her parent, guardian or next friend, as the court shall direct; miM 
unlawful sale or giving away of intoxicating liquors, shall wofkaly 
feiture of all rights of the lessee or tenant, under lease or < ^ 
rent upon the premises where such unlawful sale or giviog 
take place ; and all suits for damages under this act nay be 
appropriate action in any of the courts of this state havii^ en 
jurisdiction. {Roth v. Ep^, 80 111., 283 ; Hackett et cL t. Ji 
77 111., 109; Horn v. SmUh, 77 III, 381 ; McEvoy v. Humphty, 
388; Reget v. BeU, 77 111., 593; Bates v. Davis, 76 IH, 222; 
Tripp, 70 III, 496; Meidel v. Anthis, 71 lU., 241 ; Emory v. i 
111., 273; KeUerman v. Arnold, 71 111., 632.) 

Section 14. EvmBNCE. In all prosecutxms under this act 
dictment or otherwise, it shall not be necessary to state the I 
lk|uor sold ; or to describe the place where sold ; nor to show Ihi 

edge of the principal to convict for t icts of an agent or 

in all cases the persons to whom inio: atjng liquors • HB bi 


vk>lation of this act, shall be c 

Section 15. City or Vill. 
be no objection to a recovery i 
the person is prosecuted is p 


c ( inancb No Dkpbksl . 
er act that the oflFense fart 
; ider any dty, viOaiii 


•ociAL mL nr cmoAOO 


jOUOft TO MiNOiL Hard's Reriscd Sututes (1909), Sec- 
^ Obiter 43. 

i Selung or GiviifG TO Minor or Drunkard. Who- 
eU, or his afent or servant, shall sell or five tntoxicatiiig 
mnor without the written order of his parent, guardian, 
sidbui* or to any person intoxicated, or who is in the habit 
Mscated, shall, for each offense, be fined not less than 
I ($2X)), nor more than one hundred dollars ($100), or 
I the county jail not less than ten nor more than thirtjr 
, aooordinf to the nature of the offense: Provided, This 
iSect any prosecution pending at the time this act takes 
every sudi prosecution the accused shall, upon conviction 
 the same manner in all respects, as if this act had not 
(As amended br act approved May 18, 1877. In force 
L 1877, p. 99; Lenl News Ed., p. 101. Farmery. The 
^ 322; MuUinix v. The People, 76 111., 211.) 

»>i. Buying or Procuring for Minor. Every person. 
Keeper of a dram shop or not, who shall buy or in any 
re or aid in procuring any wine, rum, brandy, ^n, whisky, 
trd dder, akohol, or other vinous, malt, spirituous, fer- 
jced liquor or anv intoxicating liquor whatever, for any 
It the written order of such minor's parent, guardian or 
ian, or shall so procure or aid in procuring any of said 
ly person intoxicated, or who is in the habit of getting 
lialC for every such offense be fined not less than twenty 
ore than one hundred dollars or confined in the county 
tan ten nor more than thir^ days or both in the discretion 
(Added by act approved June 19, 1891. In force July 1, 
1, p. 105; Legal News Ed., p. 83.) 

. Nuisances — Penalty — Bond — ^Evidence. All places 
attng liquors are sold in violation of this act, shall be 
id be declared to be common nuisances, and all rooms, 
^ houses, bazars, restaurants, drug stores, groceries, 
, cellars, or other pbces of public resort, where intoxi- 
are soM in viobtion of this act, shall be deemed public 
d whoever shall keep any such place, bv himself, or his 
wt, shall for each offense, be fined not less than $50 nor 
OO, and confined in the county jail not less than twenty 
I fifty davs, and it shall be a part of the Judgment, upon 
I of the keeper, tiiat the place so kept Mudl be shut up 
rtS the keeper shall give bond, with sufficient security to 
nr the oourt, ki the penal sum of $\fiO0, payable to the 
Slate of nSnois, cooditkNied that he wiU not sdl intoxi- 
eoatfaiy to the hws of this state, and wiU pay all finn. 

LAWS AND omnfAiKas 

costs and damages assessed against him for any violation thereof; mi 
in case of a forfeiture of sudi bond, suit may be broog^t thereoa far Ike 
use of the county, dty, town or viUage» in case of a fine doe to cilkr 
of them. It shall not be necessary in ai^ prosecution mdcr tiai mt 
tiofi to state the name of any person to whom liquor b sokL (Simkr 
V. Th€ People, 69 III, 595.) 


Intoxicating Liquois at Pubuc Entbktainments and Su* 
INC to Minors. Revised Municipal Code (1905), Sections 117, tSL 

Section 117. Intoxicating Liquois. It shall not be lawful kf 
any i>erson to sell or give away any spirituous, vinous, malt, o roto 
intoxicating liquors, in any theater, hall, building, structure or proM 
in which public entertainments are given for gain, nor in aajr iV 
or rooms connected with the same, without a special permit inm t^ 
mayor under a penalty of not more thai $100 for each oflFcnse. IJ 

Section 1352. Minors — Penalty. No person owning or fljj^ l,^ 
ating a saloon, dramshop, grocery, or other place where intanctfif |^ 
liquors are sold or given away shall permit any minor to driak IkM 
intoxicating drinks of any kind, or to play widi dice, doniinoa>CBfc 
balls or other articles used in gaming; nor shall any such pcnon 
ing or operating any saloon, dramshop, grocery, or place 
sell, ^ve away or deliver to any minor any malt, vinous, 
intoxicating liquors, either to be drunk on the premises or carried! 

Any person violating any of the provisions of this sedioa i 
fined not less than twenty dollars nor more than one hundifd 
for each oflfense. 


Regulating Admission op Minois to Pubuc Dakci 
Where Intoxicating Liqucas Axe Sold: 

An Act regulating the admission of minors to public dai 
where intoxicating liquors are sold or given away and i 
penalties for violaticm of this act. (Approved May 17, V 
July 1, 1907, L. 1907, p. 505.) Kurd's Revised Statutes ef 
(1909), Chapter 43, Section 48, 49. 

Section 48. Admission op Minois Regulated. Be i 
by the People of the State of Illinois, reprc^ ^ he Ge^ 

sembly: That it shall be unlawful for any i n. nrm or 
tion, as owner, agent, lessee or otherwise, t \ i ins or 

anv public dance hall where intoxicating vei or i|L 

sold or ^ven away, or any such dance hali ihkt » i djaoeiiL 
nected with any room, buiMing, park or endosure of loy IbI^ 


xiatinf bc v cfifM or Uqoors are sold or ^ven away, to 

r minor lo enter and be and remain within sudi pttblk 
or be and remain upon the premises where such pnblic 
t is located, unless such minor is accompanied bjr Us or her 

m 49. Penalty. Any person, firm or corporation vio- 
ion one (1) of this act shall be guilbr of a misdemeanor 
upon conviction, be fined a sum not less than twenty-five 
bfars for each offense nor more than two hundred ^$200.00) 
' each offense. Any person falsely representinf hmiself or 
parent of any minor shall be piilty of a misdemeanor and 
I co n v icti on, be subject to the foregoing penalties. 


Hif ANCB Attthoriiing tb yor of the City of Chicago to 
Permits.'* Passed June u 1910. 

^rimaed by the City Caun^ of the City of Chicago: 

r 1. The Mayor of the City of Chicago is authorized and 

upon written application, accompanied by a good and suffi- 

and the pajrment of a fee as hereinafter provided, to issue 

it for the sale or dispensing at retail, of vinous and malt 

my corporation, voluntary association or society of persons 

m good faith for fraternal, educational or charitable pur- 

/ fa any person or persons for such sale or dispensing at re- 

mmts and mait liquors at any gathering or entertainment held 

uch corporation, voluntary association or society, 

on 2. The applicant for such permit shall furnish proof 

tbfaction of the Mayor of the good character and reputable 

of said society or corporation, and t as to the respectability 

ilhoing for which said bar pen i » sought And nothing 

wtained shall be construe to a lorize the issuance of bar 

D persons or alleged pleasure <*■« or corporations for the 

rtoxicating liquors at dan< t ha wfiere disreputable persons 

id young hcys and giris arc a lo vice and crime. 

on 1. Said corporations, : ; 1 organizations respcc- 

Kribed in Section 1 herec i n be entitled to receive 

seed SIX permits in eadi < ir j r, nor shall more than 

\is Ar issued in each calen or year to any person or persons 
mks ai amy such gathering or entertainment held by any one 
arparaHams, volumtary assoc ns or societies, and such per- 
I Ml be granted f or a lo than from three o'clock 

li teee o'ck ac / "' to be mud therefor shall 

ilBffi in advi i i m i by Section 1 shall 

lid to the C oi ^ k, 1 oioo the same as a 

I f oie ^ Collector. The City 

my OB any of the entertaimiieiits of the first deven 
V to tecnre a Ikcnte for toch place thaU be granted 
jndcr the foOowinf cooditioiii: 

ieaat shall make apdicatioB hi writuM; to the Mavor set- 
s fnl name and address, if an indhndnal, and if a oor- 
ha fan name and re si denc e of its principal officers; also 
Hi of the olace for which a license is desired and a state- 
m chsa ot entertainment which it is intended to produce, 
«acBt at soch pbce; also the highest price to be charged 
ion to any entertainment offered or presented at snch place, 
a seating cuiadty of such place. 

pen, the Mayor shall make, or cause to be made, an ex- 
M the place for which such license is desired, and if all 
risions of tfus ordinance and all of the ordinances of the 
icigo relating to the giving of entertainments and of the 
■itumioii and mamtcnance of die phoes within which 
ahwunts are given, are complied with and if the Qrni- 
if Balldin|s, the Ohr Electrician and the Fire Marshal 
rtify, the Mayor shafi issue, or cause to be issued, a li- 
ck applicant, attested by the Gty C3erk, which shall cnti- 
laae named therein to present, offer, produce or conduct 
t d es ig nated in such license and for the period of time 
soch Bcense, entertainments of any one of the foregoing 
classes mentioned in said application, upon payment of 
fee hereinafter specified. 

I09L MAYoa May Refusi a License— When. If the 
icfa it b desired to offer any of the foregoing entertain- 
It a fit or proper place and not constructed, maintained, 
cond ucted m accordance with the provisions of the ordi- 
m Qtfjpftmmg and controlling said places, or if the en- 
dcaiiea to be |m>duced or offered be of an immoral or 
haffader, or if the person making application for a license 
food moral charKter, the Mayor may refuse to approve 
ttMi and no license shall be issued by the Gty Clerk, ex- 
le approval of the Mayor. 

IIZ ImoxiCATiNG LiQOOBs. It shall not be hwful for 
Id sell or give away any spirituous, vinous, nalt or other 
Mqmn fa any place h which public entertainments are 
ifa» nor fa any room or rooms co nn ect ed with the same 
or a special permit from the Mayor under a pen- 
one bnndred ($10000) dollars for each offense. 




Office of the General Sttperintendeiit of Police; 

Qdatgo, April 28. 19ia 
The following orders r^guhdng vice, which have been hcit tofac 
promulgated, are reissued in this form in order that crerj moBbcr 
of the department may be personally advised cooc rmii y tfacai Md 
govern himself accordingly: 

To CoMMANDiiiG OFncEBs: The following roles yi ii rn i ^ g tfce 
regulation of vice are hereby promulgated and will be rjgidly caforai 
by all commanding crffioers: 

1. Messenges and Dbuveey Boys, or amr person over the md 
three or under the age of eighteen years, shall not be pciniiUH l ofeBr 
in the district or to enter the premises. 

2. Harboring of Inmates Under Lbgal Agil The kw oaiii 
subject is to be rigidly enforced and all keepers held stricdy 
able. If inmates under age are found, the houses shall be 
and it shall be definitely understood that thb action will be 
any and all cases where this law is violated. 

3. Forcible Detention. No person, regardless of age» AJj^ 
detained against his or her will, nor shall iron bars or other oMvk* 
be permitted upon any exit 

4. No Women without Male Escorts shall be peiuiil t i d h « 
saloon. All soliciting of this nature to be vigorously suppiiisfd 

5. Short Skirts, Transparent Gowns on Othbe IMrBor0A^ ^^ 
tire shall not be permitted in the parlors, or paUic rooais. 

6. Men will not be permitted to conduct or be 

house of prostitution or to loiter about Uie premiset. Maks cfiiOT|l^ 
subsisting on the income of inmates will be arrested as 

7. Soliciting in any form shall not be peimitl ed, 
streets, from doorways, from windows or in saloons. 

8. Signs, Lights, Colors or Devices, significaiit or 
indicative of the character of any premises occopied by a 
repute, shall not be permitted. 

9. Obscene Exhibhions or Pictures shall not be 

10. Restricted Districts. No house of iD-fame shsl itg|^ 

mitted outside of certain restricted districts, or to be 

two blocks of any school, church, hospital or public ms^iMioi^if^*| ^ 

any street car line. 

11. Doors. No swinging doors that permit of canr •6>**{|| 
view of the interior from the street shall be permitted. An rsHlli V| 
be provided with double doors which shall be kept doaed. 


MB. Ob and after May 1, 1910» no Uqaor wiO be per- 
aoU, carried in atock or ghren away in c o on e ctioo with 

I shaD fovern throiigliocit 
nd comniapdiii|^ officer! ii 
BBlaMlitjr for dietr enforcenieiiC. 


MMt or MiNOBa. Hiird*f Revised Statutes of lUtnois 
Wn 4S, Sections 20. 201. 20J and 2DU. and Chapter 38, 
,42B, 420.420 and 42E. 

Xk Child Uhdbi Foustebn Yeaks. Be U enacted by 
lfe# SMe of IIHmois. represented m the General Assembly. 
I nder die ace of f oorteen years shall be employed, per- 
iled to wonc at any gainful occupation m any theatre, 
w phoe of a iwusftnmt where intoxicating liquors are sold 
icantile institution, store, office, hotel, bundnr, manufac- 
sfament, bowling alley, passenger or freight elevator, fac- 
shop or as a messenger or driver therefor, within this 
10 child under fourteen vears of age shall be employed at 
formed for wages or other compensation, to whomsoever 
Bg any portion of any month when the public schools of 
mship, village or dty in which he or sne resides are in 
e employed at any work before the hour of seven o'clock 
if or after the hour of six o'clock in the evening. Pro- 
child shall be allowed to work more than eight hours in 

Xn. Houis OP Labok. No person under the age of six- 
all^ be empbyed or suffered or permitted to work at any 
•tioB more than forty-eight hours in any one week, nor 
ibC hours m any one day; or before the hour of seven 
morning or after the hour of seven o'ckxk in the evening. 
'cr shall post in a conspicuous pbce in every room where 
ire enmloyed a printed notice stating the hours required 
day of the week, the hours of commencing and stopping 
hcMirs when the time or times aUowed for dinner or for 
Kfins and ends. The printed form of such notkre shall 
by die Slate Inspector of Factories, and the empbyment 
Mur for fenger time m any dav so stated shall he <Im«imI 

DJ. EMPLorMiKTS FotanoMN CHiLDaiic UicDa Six- 
w AoL No chiM under the age of sixteen years shall be 
lewini belts, or to assist m sewing belts, m any capacity 
r shi^ any diiki ad just any bett to any machinery; they 
rasrisl in oOiqg* wipiQg or cleaning machinery ; they ShaD 


not ooente or assist m operating circular or band saws, wood iLxsei 
wood jointers, planers, sandpaper or wood polishing m a chiner y, coer 
or polishing wheels used for polishing metd, wood-turning or bone 
machinery, ^tamping machines in sheet metal and tinware moBtK* 
turing, stamping machines in washer and nut factories, opcrarim oocn- 
gating roUs, soch as are used in roofing factories, nor shaU dxf k 
aaplojed in operating any passenger or freight elevators, stain Mr. 
steam machinery, or other steam generating apparatus, or as p inkp 
m any bowling alleys; they shall not operate or assist in opcnttit 
dou^ brakes, or cradcer madiinery of any description; wire oriw 
straughtening nsachinery; nor shall they operate or assist in op entij 
rolling mill machinery, punches or shears, washing, grindmg or oniiC 
mill or calendar rolls in rubber manufacturing, oor shall they opnk 
or assist in operating bundry machinery ; nor shall chfldren beta* 
ployed in any capidty in preparing any composition in which daqpns 
or poisonous aads are used, and they shall not be emplqjred  af 
capacity in the manufacture of paints, colors or white lead; Mr M 
they be employed in any capacity whatever in operating or assiitflg* 
operate any passenger or freight elevator ; nor shall they be cnpfeiyd 
in any capacity whatever in the manufacture of goods for immonlp^ 
poses, or any other empk>>'ment that may be considered dangeram t 
their lives or limbs, or where their health may be injured or woa^ 
depraved; nor in any theater, concert hall, or place of amnynrf 
wherein intoxicating liquors are sold ; nor shall females under sbaeeB 
years of age be employed in any capacity where such empbjrotf 
compels th«n to remain standing constantly. 

Section 20M. Penalty. Whoever, having under his contiol i 
child under the age of sixteen years, permits such child to be eiapk«vi 
in violation of the provisions of this act. shall for each offense be W 
not less than $5 nor more than $25, and shall stand committed vd 
such fine and costs are paid. 

A failure to produce to the Inspector of Factories, his assisttf> 
or deputies, any age and school certificates, or lists required br diiiKL 
shall constitute a viobtion of this act, and the person so failing shi^ 
upon conviction, be fined not less than $5 nor more than S50 for 9d 
offense. Every person authorized to sign the certificate prescribed 1? 
Section 7 of tiiis act, who certifies to any materially false states^ 
therein shall be guilty of a viobtion of this act, and upon cooncboB 
be fined not less than $5 nor more than $100 for each offense. ^ 
shall stand committed until such fine and costs are paid. 

Any person, firm or corporation, agent or manager, suj 
or foreman of any firm or corporation, whether for hiniseli or for sac: 
firm or corporation, or by himself or through sub^gents or foRSO^ 
superintendent or manager, who shall viobte or fail to comply wtt tfT 
of the provisions of this act, or shall refuse admittance to preaase (f 
otherwise obstruct the factory inspector, assistant factory inspector, or 
deputy factory inspector in the performance of their duties* as ^ 
scribed by this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and ^ 

» any person in or tor the vocation or occupation, 
se of singinp, playing on musical instruments, rope or 
jKing, b^ging or peddling, or as a gymnast, contor- 
•crobal in any place whatsoever, or for any obscene, 
nral purpose, exhibition or practice whatsorer, or 
iMKsa, exhibition or vocation injnrioui to the bohfa 
dw life or limb of anch child, or cause, procure or 
adi child to engage therein. Nothing in tiiit sectioa 
ppljr tok or affect the emptoyment or use of any mch 
r or tryfyi"" in any cburoi, achool or acadenijr, or 
i eatertainntettL or the tcadiine or leamiru' the KKnce 

*. (1) 

. Unlawful to Exhibit. It ihall also be unlawful 
B take, receive, hire, enq)loy, use, cxhito, or have m 
I Midcr die ace and for the purposes prohibited in die 

iiia. (1) 

. Obboi As to CtnrooY. When upon examination 
: or magistrate it shall appear that any child within 
if menti o ned in this act was engaged or used for 
ii, or exhibitioo, or vocation, or purpose prohibited 
rtwn opon the conviction of any person of a criminal 
Id in Ins or her custody, the court or magistrate before 
ktica is had, shall deem it desirable for the welfare 
it dM person so convicted ihouM be deprived of its 
«r such child shall be deemed to be in die custody of 
Dout or magistrate may m it* diicretion, make such 
itody tbereoi as now is, or hereafter may be, provided 
(rf vagrant, tmant, disocderly, paiqwr, ' 


and upon co n vktkm for a second or any subseqoeni offense shaD be 
fined in anjr stun not exceeding five hundred dollars ($500), or m- 
prisonment in the penitentiary for a term not exceeding two Tcsrs* or 
both, in die discretion of the court (1) 


CauELTY TO Children, and Employment FoikiDDKN. Rerini 
Municipal Code of Chicago (1905), Sections 1446-1447-1448 and ISK 

Section 144d Exhibition op Childken. No person haviaf the 
care, custody or control of any child under the age of fouitecn von, 
shall cause or permit any such child to be exhibit»l, used or enpmi 
or shall apprentice or let out, or otherwise dispose of any snch oM 
to any person or corporation for the vocation, occupation, scrtice sr 
purpose of singing or pbying on musical instruments, in any sakm sr 
saloons, or on the streets or alleys, or of rope or wire walking; i* ^' 
begging or peddling, or as a gymnast, contortionist, rider, or 
in any place whatsoever, or for any obscene, indecent or immoral 
pose, exhibition or practice whatsoever, or in or about any 
exhibition or vocation injurious to the health or dangerous to the fie 
or limb of such child, or cause, procure or encourage any such chii 
to engage therein. 

Section 1447. Lipb or Health Endangered. No person shd 
take, receive, hire, employ, use, exhibit or have in costodv vxf chii 
under the age of fourteen years for the purpose of empioyiflg mA 
child in the manner expressly prohibited m the provisions of sedioi 
1446, and no person having the care or custody of any child siafl «3- 
fully cause or permit such child to be placed in sudi a situati o n Ait 
its life or health may be endangered. 

Section 144& Penalty. Any person who violates, ncgiecis or 
refuses to comply with any of the provisions of sections 1446 and 1447, 
or is guilty of crulty to any child in any of the wajrs menlioae' 
herein, viz. : 

1. By cruelly beating, torturing, overworidng, mutilatiqg or cmt- 
ing or knowingly allowing the same to be done. 

2. By unnecessarily failing to provide any diild in Iris or kr 
charge or custody with proper food, drink, shelter or raiment 

3. By abandoning any child ; or who shall wilfully or 
expose to the inclemency of the weather, or shall wilfully or 
essarily in any manner injure in health or limb any child omkr the 
^[e of fourteen years shall for each offense be fined not less than Spk 
dollars nor more than one hundred dollars. 

Section 158& Employees Under Sixteen PaoHimmuL No 
person licensed as aforesaid shall permit any person imder die ifc of 
iixteen years to take pledges in pawn for him. 

CiAi rrru n chiz'koc 


3BDi]f ASfCB UBtammg FrwM Storo wmd ke OtMi F^rlon» 

, It Onbiaed hf Hk City CamdH of te CiTf of Ohoco: 

iCTioit 1. It shil aot be InrM far My pcnoa to ^kcep, Con- 
or BMBage aojr rdai irwk iM«. or ioe craui porior * * * 
I ft KocBtc ibcfcfor if fent 

KTmt 2. Aiir perns desriat ft finw 10 keep, oondtict or manage 

li frvit store or ke ocmb parior. sfaaH make written applicatkNi 

lor to tlie MajTor, aettiiif forth the foil name of the applicant and 

ffg t^ of the pbce at which such sales aie proposed to be made. 

M plti ^t ««« shall be aooonpaiiied by evidence satisfactory to the 

trmt^e applicant is a person of pxxi character, and if the 

IT shaB be satuiied that such person is of good character and a 

IT person to have soch license, he shall cause the City Clerh lo 

a leease to such applicant upon the payment to the Cihr Col- 

r of a Soense fee at the rate of twenty-five doUars ($25X6) per 

■, for eadi fruit store and ten dollars ($10X10) per umrnn f^r 

iee cream parior. No such license shall issue tmttl the applicj at 

file with the Gty C3erk a bond, with sureties to be a pp rove d by 

ii^ m the sum of five hundred doUars (fSOOXX)), €t M t ikkm e4 

the Hcensed person will faithfully observe and obqr all bwt &I 

State of Illinois and all ordinances of thb dty now in fr^rte ^ 

h mav hereafter be passed for the y >v ernnient of meh plori»« 

7 sach place shall be open to inspection by the probation <)4km 

/times it is open for business. 

Sicnoif 3. It Shan not be hwfnl for any person owning ^f^ 
mtsaag or man aging a retoul fruit store or an iee cream ^r\f)fr ^ 
low any omle person under the age of twemy-nne or any U 
crion under the tfe of eighteen to be or remain ia mdi plar/'** 

'^'^'L?' *°J^ J*:^ 7 h^yL. mkm ^mm^m^iyy ^ ^ 

of any kmd that wj serve so dmde wch pla«if iiiiv miH 

SBcnMr 4, Eseiy pernn omcM M % n^OmHm -i/ ,m^ 
-oflh»i irr \\ \ *M\mhmdmfj^^hmW 

Sncnow S. Thai 

■f f)te 



Laws Governing Free Employment Offices and Puvah Ek- 
PLOYMENT Agencies in Ilunois, as Amended and in Force ca ui 
from July 1, 1909. Hunt's Revised Statutes of lUinob (1909). Ckr 
ter 48, Sections 67i, 67h. 

Section 67f. Chaeactek of Employment — ^Feaudl No 
licensed person shall send, or cause to be sent, any femak hdp « 
servants, or inmate or performer, to enter any questiooable pbce « 
place of bad repute, house of ill-fame, or assignatioo houae, or la Hf 
house or place of amusement kept for immoral porpoaeSt or flMt 
resorted to for the purpose of prostitution, or ijambliqf hom^ IIk 
character of which such licensed person knows, either actually or kf 

No such licensed person shall knowingly permit qn estkai a h l c cktf* 
acters, prostitutes, gamblers, intoxicated peraoos. or procnrers la fre- 
quent such agency. No such licensed person shall aoccpl any appi* 
cation for employment made by or on behalf of any cnild, or w 
place or assist in placing any such child in any empfeyment vInt- 
ever, in violation of the child labor law, approved May IS, 1903, Md 
in force July 1, 1903, and an Act to regulate the cmployBMil of 
children, approved June 9, 1897, and in force Juljr 1, 1897. For 
the violation of any of the provisions of thb section, the pcnkjr 
shall be a fine of not less than fifty dollars ($50) and not more tlna 
two hundred dollars ($200), or imprisonment in the ooonty jal or 
house of correction for a period of not more than one ycsu*, or M. 
at the discretion of the court, in addition to the revocation of wA 
person's license. No such licensed person shall p«d>lish or came to 
be published any fradulent notice or advertisements of sodi enplof- 
ment agencies by means of cards, circulars or signs, and in new^t- 
pcrs and other publications ; and all of its letter heacb, reoeipls mA 
blanks shall contain the name and address of such e mp loy m eat agoKj* 
and shall state in all such notices the fact that such hcensd pcnoa 
is or conducts an employment agency. No agency shall print, fab* 
lish or paint on any sini, window, or insert in any newspaper or 
publication a name similar to that of the Illinois Free E mufcly at 
Office. All written communications sent out by such licensed pcfMa. 
directly or indirectly, to any person in regard to help or e uMi l uj f t ii 
shall have contained therein definite information, that soon porHi 
is an empbyment agent ; and no such licensed person ahall kno wi i ^pHy 
give any false information or make any false promiae eoaocfaac 
employment to any applicant who shall^ register for enaplojfMBt or 
help. No such licensed agent shall divide fees widi or pay a 
mission to any person to whom applicants are sent for 
or help. 

Section 67h. Enfokcbmbkt. The enforcement of thb Act 
be entrusted to the State Board of Commissiooera of Labor, and m 

TBB tocuL wnh m cmcAOo 

t known as die Chief Inspector of Private Employnient 
liidi oflker sUl be reconunended by the State Board of 
ers of Laix>r and appointed by the uovemor of tlie state 
tcnn of office shall be for the |)eriod of the incumbenor 
srnor appointing him, or until his successor is appointed. 
oint bv and with the approval of the Governor one ( 1 ) in- 
"vciy nfty (SO) licensed a^des or major fraction thereof, 
ake at Ittst bnmonthly visits to every such agency. Said 
ban have a suitable badge which they shall exhibit on de- 
r person with whom they may have official business. Such 
hu see titot all the provisions of this Act are complied 
hall have no other occupation or business. Complaints 
Mch licensed person ma^f be made orally or in writing 
Board of Labor Commissioners or to the Chief Inspector 
ioiployment Agencies, and reasonable notice thereof, not 
e (1) <^y» *hall be given in writing to said licensed per- 
'ng upon him concise statement of the facts constituting 
It, and the hearing thM be had before the State Board of 
risaiooers or the Chief Inspector of Private Employment 

die State board aforesaid, shall designate, within one 
the date of the filing of the complaint and no adjotirn- 
e taken for a period longer than one ( 1 ) week. Reason- 
>f the place of hearing of any complaint shall be given 
iscd person complained against. A calendar of all liear- 
e kept by the State Board of Labor Commissioners of 
Its they are to hear, and by the chief inspector of thofie 
', and shall be posted in a conspicuous place in its or his 
for at least one ( 1 ) day before the date of such hearinf^. 
i such hearinf^s shall be rendered within eight (8> day< 
le the matter is finally submitted. The said State Ik)anl 
oners of Labor may refuse to issue and may revoke any 
iny good cause shown within the meaning and purpose 
uid when it is shown to the satisfaction of the said Board 
oners of Labor that any person is guilty of any immoral, 
r illegal conduct in connection with the conduct of said 
hall be the duty of said Board of Commissioners of La- 
e the license of such person, but notke of such charges 
ented and reasonable opportunity shall be given said li- 
n to defend himself in the manner and form heretofore 
this section of the Act. Whenever said Board of Com- 
f Labor shall refuse to issue or shall revoke the license 
cmplojrment agency, said determinatkm shall be subject 
writ of certiorari. Whenever for any cause such license 
ikl revocation shall not take effect until seven (7) days 
focation is officially announced, and such revocation shall 
I good cause for refusing to issue another license to said 
I representative, or to any person with whom he is to be 
the busineu of furnishing employment or help. The vio- 

p rov isfa n of this Act except as provkled in section one 


(1) and six (6), shall be punishable by a fine not to exceed twcatj- 
hve dollars ($25), and any dty magistrate, judge of a municipal oomt, 
police justice, justice of the peace or any inferior magistrate hmf 
original jurisdiction in criminal cases, shall have power to io^oie aid 
fine, and in default of payment thereof to commit to die cmity jai 
or house of correction the person so offending for a period not es> 
ceeding thirty (30) days. The said State Board of Labor CoaoBis- 
sioners or the Chief Inspector of Emf^oyment Agendes or an|r of Ik 
inspectors created by this Act, may institute criminal prooeed^cs for 
its enforcement before any court of co mp ete u t junadidioo. Tk 
State Board of Commissioners of Labor shall employ kgal adtice or 
services whenever in its opinion such advice or aei f k je a are 
in or to the enforcement of this Act 


Payment of Wages Due Laborexs, Servakts and Emplotd 
FROM Corporations Doing Business in this State. Hurd*s Remd 
Statutes of Illinois (1909), Chapter 48, Sections 16^ 17, 18 and 19. 

"An Act to regulate and enforce the payment of wages doe 
laborers, servants and employes from corporations &omi 
business in this state." (Approved May 14th« 1903. In force 
July 1, 1903. L. 1903, p. 198; Legal News Ed., p. 155.) 

Section 16. Unlawful for Such Corpokation to WrrHBOU) 
FROM Its Laborers, Servants or Employes Wages Beyond Date or 
Regular Pay Day, etc. — Proviso. Be it enacted by ike People of tk: 
State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly ^ It shall be on- 
lawful for any corporation doing business within tlus state to witb- 
hold from any of its laborers, servants or employes any part or per 
cent of the wages earned by such bborer, servant or employe, byroad 
the date of the regular pay day of said corporation, under the guise cr 
pretext, that the amount of wages so withheld, is to be given or pre- 
sented to such laborer, servant or employe, as a present or grataitT 
from said corporation at the expiration of any future date, oo condi- 
tion that the services of such laborer, servant or employe have beta 
performed to the entire satisfaction of said oorporatkMi or upon ooodi- 
tion that such laborer, servant or empk^e shall, ttiless sooner dii- 
charged by said corporation, remain in its employ until tfie cxpiratioB 
of some future date desif^nated by said corporation, or under any other 
similar pretext or condition, but all such wages shall be pMd in fol bf 
said coiporation on its regular pay day, Provided, that nothing in the 
act contained shall be held to abridge the rijg^t of any c orp ora tion atf 
making or requiring contracts of the class specified aliove to make sk^ 
contract or arrangement as may be l^gal, concerning the pnjimaf of 
waffes to emptoyes, and Provided, further, nothing herein conlaiMd 
shall be construed to affect the r^t of any corporation to ^^wit pa ft for 


m of ft pftft of the wtges of sftid labortrs» lenrants and em- 
die pnrpote of gnrinf to said tenrmnts, Itborers, and employes 
boipitftl. sick or other similar relief. 

m 17. Such CoimiicTS Madb by Any Cobpoiation au 

AOAiifST PuBUC PoucY AiTD VoiD* That all contracts or 

B of the kind and character referred to and described in 

of tUs act hereafter made by any corporation doing biisineu 

Mtt are hereby declared to be illegal, against public policy and 

1 vofal and no such agreement or contract shall constitute a 

VfOk the part of any such corporation, to any action brought 

RKh laborer, servant or empbye, for the re corery of any wages 

t, and withheM from him by any inch corporation, contrary to 

risfc» of tUs act 

mm 18. Pbhalty fob Violating Pbovisions op This Act. 
f such corporation doinr bosiness m this state who shall viohte 
risions of this act, shaU for each offense, forfeit the sum of 
idved dollars to be re cove re d from it in anv action of debt in 
IB d die People of the State of Illinois, or by any person who 
ifor die same. 

now 19. Duty op State's Attobnbys. It is herdby made the 
tfK sefcral state's attorneys of this state in their respective 
i to p r o s ecute all actions commenced in the name of the People 
hate of Illinois, under the provisions of this act 


I from an Act to renilate the Practice of Medicine in the State 
linois, and to repeal an Act therein named, approved April 24, 
, as amended by Acts Approved Tune 4, 1907, and January 25. 
. Hunt's Revised Sututes of Illinois (1909), Sections 7, 8, 
, 11, 13, 14 and 16, Chapter 91. 

(oDowinf Sections apply also to Midwtves : 


cations fob Licbnsbs — Examinations — Gbaduates op Lb- 
babtbbbd Mbdical Coixbces in Illinois in Good Standing 
> GntTiPiCATFS. No person shall hereafter be^n the practice 
jne or an3r of the branches thereof, or midwifery, in this sUte 
Km applying for and obtaining a license from the Sute Board 
li to do so. Application shall be in writing, and shall be ac- 
sd t»y the examination fees hereinafter specified, and with 
It die applicant is of good moral character. Applications from 
IB who desire to practice medicine and sumry in all their 
shall be aco nied by proof that the applicant is a grado- 
OMdical col Bv or institution m good standing, as may be 
od fay the A d. When the application aforesaid has beea 


inspected by the Board ind found to comply with the fonogoiof pro- 
visions, the Board shall notify the applicant to appear before k for ex- 
amination, at the time and place mentioned in such nodoe. 

Examinations may be made in whole or in part in wntiof by the 
Board, and shall be of a character snffidently strict to test the <|iaE- 
fications of the candidate as a practitioner. The exanunatiao of those 
who desire to practice medicine and surf^try in all their b ran die s staJl 
embrace those general subjects and topics, a knowleifse of wfaidi u 
commonly and generally required of candidates for the decree of doc- 
tor of medicine, by reputable medical colleges in the United Scuo^ 
The examination of those who desire to practice midwifery shall k 
of such a character as to determine the qualification of the appficnt to 
practice midwifery. The examination of those who desire to practia 
any other system or science of treating human ailmenls who do not « 
medicines internally or externally, ami who do not practice opaaliwe 
surgery shall be of a character sufficiently strict to test their qoaEfica- 
tions as practitioners. 

All examinations provided for m thb act shall be ooiidiicted uadcr 
rules and regulations prescribed by the Board, which shall profide 
for a fair and wholly impartial method of examiiutioo : Prcvidei^ dot 
^aduates of legally chartered medical colleges in lUinob in food stand- 
ing as may be determined by the Board may be granted ceHificUfi 
without examinations. 

Section 7. License to PaAcriCE — Piovisions. If the iiipi- 
cant successfully passes his examination, or presents a diploma fro* 
a legally chartered medical college in Illinois of |pod ftanding, the 
Board shall issue to such applicant a license authorizing him to prac- 
tice medicine, midwifery or other system of treating human lihiiii^T 
as the case may be : Provided, that those who are authorised to pra^ 
tice other systems can not use medicine internally or externally or 
perform surgical operations: Provided, further, that only those «k 
are authorized to practice medicine and surgery in all their braacta 
shall call or advertise themselves as physicians or doctors: ^^i^ 
vidcd, further, that those who are autiiorized to practice nidwitcfy 
shall not use any dru^ or medicine or attoid other than cases of libor. 
Such license shall be m such form as may be determined by the Botfd 
and in accordance with the provisions of this act : Provided, howcfcr. 
that any wilful violation on the part of an af^icant of any of Ikr 
rules and regulations of the Board governing examtnatioos sbil k 
sufficient cause for the Board to refuse to issue a license to wA 
applicant Such certificates shall be signed by all menabers of Ik 
Board and attested by the Secretary. 

Section 8. Cestipicates to Be Rscoedbd in Opticb or Comnr 
Clerk — Records of County Clerk. Every person holding a ctf^ 
tificate from the Sute Board of Health shall have it recorded ia *e 
office of the clerk of the county in which he resides or practices wtk 
three months from its date, and the date of recordiqg shall be •* 
dorsed thereon. Until such certificate is recorded, as herein pmri d i* 

wml K 

L '.r 
51 » Tiar-n^ v.-^» 

Ml U PkjiALTT voa 

of thit act, or ai 
r nctin 8 of thb Kt 
liet or Tiohtni fbrf di 

or tJcaUBf cran 
tkn Boftf d » «« , 

for cadi a«4 rvrrr ima^^^'^ of 


Illinois, for the use of the said Board of Health, the stm of one koi- 
dred ( 100) dollars for the first o£feiise» and two hundred (200) dol- 
lars for each subsequent offense, the same to be reoorered in an actioB 
of debt before any court of coa^>etent jurisdiction, and waj penoi 
filing or attempting to file as his own the diploma or ceHifaj le of 
anodier, or a f org^ afiidavit of identification, shall be snilty of a U- 
ony, and upon conviction shall be subject to such fine and tmprisoiaitf 
as are made and provided b^ the statutes of the state for a crinc of 
forgery: Provided, that this section shall not apply to [ilijiiiiMi 
who hold unrevoked certificates from the State Board of Hcakh ' 
prior to the time of the taking effect of this act 

SscnoN 14. ENPoaaNG Penalties^-Appbals. Upon 
of either of the offenses mentioned in this act the court shaB. ai a 
part of the judgment, order that the defendant be commttted to tk 
common jail of the county until the fine and costs are paid, and ipa 
failure to pay the same immediately the defendant shall be mniriwri 
under said order for first offense not more than thirty (30) d^t, ad 
for eadi subsequent offense not more than ninety (90) days: Pim i UL 
that either party may appeal in the same time and manner as appob 
may be taken in other cases, except that where an appeal is pnycd ii 
behalf of the people, no appeal bond shall be required to be fiei 
whether the appeal be from the justice of the peace or from die coo^ 
or circuit courts, or from the appellate court But it shall be snfidcst 
in behalf of the people of the State of Illinois, for Uie use of die Slik 
Board of Health, to pray an appeal, and thereupon appeal may k W 
without bond or security. 

Section 16. Repeal. An act to regulate the practice of DedidB 
in the State of Illinois, approved June 1/, 1887, in force July 1. IH^- 
and all other acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hofif 


Abortion. Kurd's Revised Sututes of Illinois ( 1SK)9), Oapter A 
Sections 3, 4, 5, 6. 

Section 3. PaoouciNa Whoever, by means of any instranxtf. 
medicine, drug or other means whatever, causes any woman, presold 
with child, to abort or miscarry, or attempt to procure or produce tf 
abortion or miscarriage, unless the same were done as necessaiy ^ 
the preservation of the mother's life, shall be imprisoned in the pcai- 
tentiary not less than one year nor more than ten years; or if tk 
death of the mother results therefrom, the person procuringor caasii^ 
the abortion or miscarriage shall be guilty of munkr. (R. S IWi 
p. 158, Section 46; L. 1867, p. 89, Sectkms 1, 2, 3.) 

Section 4. Ecbouc, or ABoanrAaENT Daucs. If any dnv^ 
dealer in medicine, or other person, sells to any person any dnco^ 
medicine, known or presumed to be ecbolic or abortif r**^!, csnpt Mf^ 


I <l)>)>i7 lo comijouriiib hiiukii as 
■' {L. 1871-2. p. 369.) 

K 5. Cextificatc Requibed. Before any pilis, powders, 
wnibifution of drugs deticned expressly for the aw of fe- 
I be kept or exposed for ute or sotd, the proprietor thereof 
ft andcr oath t true sUtement of the fonnub hj which the 
Wl|iimiiiliil. to Atb well knowo and respectable practkririf 
, li the countjr where the same is proposed to be sotd, ana 
ve dwtr certificate, signed and rcriMd bjr the affidavit of eadi 
hM mcfa combmatioa is sot abortiracient; and everr penoo 
I hrad, or in any manner advertising or exposing for sale or 
h eooMnalioa, shall keep such certificate, or a sworn copy 
lA Um formoh attached, for the inspection of any pcnon 
lacelbcMme. (L. 1871-2, p. 369.) 

 & AsvimsiNc ABoartPACTCNTDaucs. Whoever adver- 
1^ pubUshci, distributes or circulates, or causes to be adver- 
■d, published, distributed or circulated any pamf^let, printed 
k, newspaper, notice, advertisement or reference, containing 
— **ne giving or conveying any notice, hint or reference to 

^ or to the name of any person, real or fictitions, from whom, 
phee, house, shop or oAice where any poison, drug, mixture, 
I, w edicia e, or noxious thing, or any instmment or means 
or any advice, informalioo, direction or knowledge may be 
Dr the porpoae of canstiw or procuring tfie miscarriage of 
 preg nant witfi diiM, shall be punished by imprisonment 
big Ikree years, or fine not exceeding 91,000. 



Board. And it shall be bwful for tiie State Board of Hcaldi to issue 
such license on ap[^cation made to said Board, said license to be sifoed 
by the president of the Board and attested by the secretary widi tbe sol 
of the Board; but said Board may, for sufiident cause, refuse aid 
license. And such itinerant vender who shall, by writiiif or prmtiD{, 
or any other method, profess to cure or treat disease or dcfonnitf if 
any drug, nostrum or appliance without a license so to do, shaD be 
deemed guilty of a violation of this section, and upon coovictioo sinS 
be subject to the penalties hereinafter provided. 

Section 13. Practicing WrrHOur Cektipicatb — ^Psxaut. A^ 
person practicing medicine or surgery or treating hamao aihDCBts k 
the state without a certificate issued by this Board in compliaaftf widi 
the provisions of this act, or any itinerant vender viobttng die piori- 
sions of Section 8 of this act, shall for each and evenr instance of wA 
practice or viobtion forfeit and pay to the People of the State of Dfr 
nois, for the use of the said Board of Health, the sum of one hnM 
(100) dollars for the first offense, and two hundred (200) doBus far 
each subsequent o£fense, the same to be recovered in an action of Mt 
before any court of competent jurisdiction, and any person SSagv 
attempting to file as his own the diploma or certificate of anocber, or 
a forged ^davit of identification, shall be guilty of a fdony, and npot 
conviction shall be subject to such fine and imprisonment as are nnde 
and provided by the statutes of the State for a crime of forgery: Prt- 
vided, that this section shall not apply to physicians who hold unrefdvl 
certificates from the State Board of Health, issued prior to tbe tine of 
the taking effect of this act. 

Section 14. Conviction Under This Act — Pkoceedixgsl Upoo 
conviction of either of the offenses mentioned in this act the coort sU 
as a part of the judgment, order that the defendant be irwi fT ""*^ » 
the common jail in the county until the fine and costs are paid, «d 
upon failure to pay the same immediately the defendant shall be co0- 
mitted under said order for first offense not more than thirty (30) dm 
and for each subsequent offense not more than ninety (90) dits: 
Provided, That either party may appeal in the same time and nttaer 
as appeals may be taken in other cases, except that where an appcil 
is prayed in behalf of the people, no appeal bond shall be rtqoiitd lo 
be filed, whether the appeal be from a justice of the peace or from the 
county or circuit courts, or from the appellate court. But it shall be 
sufficient in behalf of the People of the Sute of lUhMis, for tbe w 
of the State Board of Health, to pray an apped, and tfac r c upu n apH 
may be had without bond or security. 

Section 15. State Boaid op Health — ^RETcmr or. On die 3tt 
day of September of each year the State Board of Health riall wak 
report of its proceedings, showing all items of rece i pts from all sovt0 
and disbursements for all purposes, and all funds in the treasny i> 
said date which have been received in the enforcement of tins act slrf 
be paid into the state treasury. 

V 1462. No Ttrvx naJ «d v tifer n ici. »r^ J'^^" 
grpe avsT. oicinK 7 la?': n ns vi^r'^zscn v-rtt nri-^ 
S]r, sd or fccJwD B s -r jcrn sr* a. ^ g, vurvsJr ?*-^' 
vopcrtj  !^ err. 07 xxk. iTTCg^g. rr^iuar larf'^v** 
cnt or Boboe of «■▼ cart f 1 ug y inrv.r"ai^ r. f •• "' 

I for the care ywc i sjigjjt tr tr ^ a rju g if :-' svcts^s -i:-^^^ 

imafc Of artxaes cr aeus -r j^-r^-arji^ ^r^rrr^-^^ 
I or oorporatioa t iooLf aor c; » ;r-,«v-iwuin '.-^ v.t-: :^_ 
K fined not less tfana tvorr-frpc nor acre ^m ?vv '. 
cnch OBI 

II ApfHiiiUfiirrs PfeonzBms is V 


» w 


rhea, gleet, stricture, syphilis or afFection of tfie prottate jgaa^ or 
from whom or where, may be obtained any advice, mfonnatioo, dirEC> 
tion or knowledge of any drug, roedidne, mixtiire, pcepa iati oa, ia- 
strument, apparatus or means ofanv kind whaterer for the porpoteof 
causing or procuring a miscarriage by any woman pffegnanl with cM 
or for the purpose of causing or producing an mboftioa» or for Ae 
purpose of preventing conception. Any person viohtiwg any of Ae 
provisions of Uiis section shall be fined not less tfiaa l i> €Mj > 4 i e aor 
more Uian two hundred dollars for eadi offense. 

AnvEBnsiNG Quack NosnuMS. 

Section 1471. No person shall place or post, or cause Id k 
placed or posted, in any street or odier public pboe in te dty «f 
handbill or advertisement giving notice of any person having or pfo- 
f essing to have skill in the treatment or cnriog of any disorder or 
disease, or giving notice of the sak or exposure for safe of aay aoi- 
trum or medicine, under a penalty of not more tfiaa l i> €Mj > 4 i i ' dol- 
lars for each offense. 


Obscene Books, etc Kurd's Revised Statutes of Illinois, Chip- 
ter J8, Sections 223 and 224. 

Section 223. Circulating. Whoever brings, or causes to be 
brought into this state, for sale or exhibition, or sludl sell or offer to 
sell, or shall give away or offer to ^ve away, or have in his possession, 
with or without intent to sell or ^ve away, any obscene and indecent 
book, pamphlet, paper, drawing, lithograph, engraving, daguerreotype. 
photograph, stereoscopic picture, model, cast, instrument or artide ot 
indecent or immoral use, or shall advertise the same for safe, or write 
or cause to be written, or print or cause to be printed^ any drmhr. 
handbill, card, book, pamphlet, advertisement or notice of any kiiML or 
shall give information orally, stating when, how, or of whom, or bf 
what means any of the said indecent and obscene articles and tlii^p 
hereinbefore mentioned can be purchased or otherwise obtained, or 
shall manufacture, draw and expose, or draw with intent to sdl, or to 
have sold, or print any such articles, shall be confined to tiae eamtj 
jail not more than six months, or be fined not less dian $100 nor more 
than $1,000 for each offense — one-half of said fine to be paid lo tbe 
informer upon whose evidence the person so offending shall be ooa- 
victed, and one-half to the school fund of the county in which the said 
conviction is obtained. (Section 1 of act approved May 3, 187i 
L. 1871-2, p. 577, Section 1 ; R. S 1845, p. 174, Section 12&) 

Section 224. DBPOsmNC with Couuoh CAimiBi. If ainr penoo 
shall deposit or cause to be deposited in any postoffice within us state, 

li dMTfi of Mgr ocpffctt ooiii|»ii3r» or pertm cooncctod there- 

of aar conmos cmer or odicr pertoo, tny of the obteene and 
t ortfow and cUms ncntfcMied in the prece^^ 
. fcanittill, card, admtbement, book, panpiileC or notice of anjr 
' dMB five oral information ttating where, how or of whom 
iMiBt and obaoene artides or thfaigs can be purchased or other- 
lained li aagr manner, with the mtent of havfaif the tame con- 
f mai or expfem, or in any other manner, or if any penon 
wmki0i or wiBf nOy receive the tame with hitent to ctirry or 
or than carry or convey the tame by expff«it,or hi any other 
(cn^l hi die United Statet mail), he thai! be tobject, for 
■M^ la tiie tame fines and penaltiet at are pretcribed in the pre- 
adlMit and taid fine than be diYided and paid hi the tame man- 
hviki provided* (Section 2 of act approved May 3, 1873«) 


■n on iMMoaAL Picniiv— PawALTY. Revited If onidpal 
Chicaco (1905), Section 177. 

wm 177. No person or corpora t ion, carryinf on the bosiness 
KMtim, shaO, within the dty, poet, or cause to be posted, so 
saaK can be seen from the streets, aUe3rs or other public places 
eily, anr advertisement containing pictures or illustrations of 
wm or immoral character, under a penalty of not less thin 
rve nor more than two hundred dollars for each offense. 


cmr LmaATUU^lMicotAL ExHiamoHS. Revised Munid- 
I of Oncafo (190S), Section 1464. 

mi 1464w No person shaU exhibit, seU or offer to sell or 
or distribute any nidecent or lewd book, picture or other 
mevtr of an unmoral or scandalous nature, or shall exhibit 
nm aagr hideccnt, humoral or lewd play or other representa- 
Ivapcnal^of not less than twenty dollars nor more thin 
had dolars for each offense. 



Bastasdy. Kurd's Revised Stmtutes of lUinob ( 1909), Oapler 17, 
Sections 1, 3» 8 and 9. 

Section 1. Complaint by MoTHnu Be U enacitd by ike Peefk 
of the State of Illinois, represented in the Generai AssewMy, Ttal 
when an unmarried woman who shall be pregnant, or ddhrtied of i 
child which by law would be deemed a bastai^ shall make ooophHl 
to a justice of Jthe peace or judge of a municipal court in the ooHqr 
where she may be so pregnant or delivered, or the person accused mtf 
be found and shall accuse, under oath or affirmation, a persoa widi 
being the father of such child, it shall be the duty of such justioe or 
judge to issue a warrant against the person so accused and cause hm 
to l^ brought forthwith beu>re him, or in his absence, any other justice 
of the peace or judge in such county. (As amended by act appfovei 
and in force February 11, 1907. L. 1907, p. 56.) 

Section 3. Examination — Bail. Upon his appearance, it dnl 
be the duty of said justice or judge to examine the woman, upon otfk 
or affirmation, in the presence of the man all^;ed to be the father oi 
the child, touching the charge against him. The defendant shafl hm 
the right to controvert such charge, and evidence may be heaid as ii 
cases of trial before the county court If the justice or judge shell k 
of the opinion that sufficient cause appears, it shall be his duty to biid 
the person so accused in bond, with sufficient security, to appear U Ik 
next county court to be holden in such county, to answer sacfa dttqje. 
to which court said warrant and bond shall be returned, except tint  
the county of Cook, where said warrant and bond shall be re tur aed to 
the criminal court of Gx>k county. On neglect or refusal to give boii 
and security, the justice or judge shall cause sudi person to be com- 
mitted to the jail of the county, there to be held to answer tiie oomoWit 
(As amended by act approved and in force February U, 19Qr. L. 
1907, p. 56.) 

Section 8. When Judgment Is Against Defendant. la cue 
the issue be found against the defendant or reputed father, or w hiMi g 
he shall, in open court, have confessed the truth of the aiuurlioi 
against him, he shall be condemned by the order and judgment of the 
court to pay a sum of money not exceeding one hundrra dolhn far 
the first year after the birth of such child, and a sum not exc c edia g Uxj 
dollars yearly, for nine years succeeding said first year, for the support 
maintenance and education of such child, and sh^ moreover, be 
adjudged to pay all the costs of the prosecution, for which costs tnot 
tion shall issue as in other cases. And the said reputed father shall be 
required by said court to ^vt bond with sufficient security, to be ap- 
proved by the judge of saikl court, for the payment of nch sam of 
money as shall be ordered by said court, as aforaaad; whadi said boai 



nde ptTible to the People of the State of lUinois, ind Con- 
or die doe and faithfal paymeiit of said yearly sum* in ental 
iMtaOmcnts, to the dene of said coait, whicn bond shall be 
pt taen r e d by the derk of said court 

m 9. RiFuaAL to Givb Sicuamr— Commitmikt— Dit- 
b case the defendant shall refuse or neglect to give siidi 
s BMjr be ordered by the court, he shall be committed to the 
coontTf there to remain until he shall comply with sudi order, 
tfwrwise discharged by due course of law. Any person so 
I shaO be discharged for insotvenar or inability to gnre bond: 
such di s charg e shall not be made within six months after 
iilmcat (As amended by act approved June 4, 1889. In force 


out CaiMis Agaihst Natuxi. Kurd's Revised Statutes of 
909), Sections 47, 279, CSiapter 38 (Criminal Code). 

If 279. Inpamous Cxiices. Every person convicted of the 
Durder, rape, kidnaping, wilful and corrupt perjury or sub- 
f perjury, arson, burgUry, robbery, sodomy, or other crime 
tare, mcest, larceny, toreery, counterfeiting or binmy, shall 
I infamous, and shall K>rever thereafter berendered inca- 
oUinf; any office of honor, trust or profit, or voting at any 
r servmg as a juror, unless he is again restored to sudi rights 
■s of a pardon for the offense, or otherwise, according to the 
^U4d, however, that the foregoing shall not apply to any per- 
u been heretofore convicted and sentenced, or who may be 
ao n vic t ed and sentenced to the Illinois State Reformatory at 
(As amended by Act approved April 21, 1899, in force July 
1899, p. 141 ; L^ News Ed. p. 120.) See "Penitentiary,^ 
c 49, R. S 1845, p. 182, sec 174. 

IT 47. PumsBiCBirr. The infamous crime against nature, 
I man or beast, shall subject the offender to be punished by 

I— is 

m *4 


inspected by the Board and found to comply with the forcfoinf pro- 
visions, the Board shall notify the applicant to appear before k for ex* 
amination, at the time and place mentioned in soch nodoe. 

Examinations may be made in whole or in part in writinc by the 
Board, and shall be of a character soffidendy strict to test the qoiB- 
fications of the candidate as a practitioner. The examination of those 
who desire to practice medicine and surgery in all their bruicfaes shd 
embrace those general subjects and topics, a knowledge of whidi ii 
commonly and generally required of candidates for die de|^ of doc- 
tor of medicine, by reputable medical colleges in the Umted States. 
l*he examination of those who desire to practice midwifery shaB be 
of such a character as to determine the qusiification of die applicant to 
practice midwifery. The examination of those who desire to piacdoe 
any odier system or science of treating human ailments who do not »e 
medicines internally or externally, and who do not practioe op a ati ft 
surgery shall be of a character sufficiently strict to test dieir qnafifio- 
tions as practitioners. 

All examinations provided for in this act shall be con du c t ed ondcr 
rules and regulations prescribed by the Board, whidi shall pfovide 
for a fair and wholly impartial method of examination : Provided, tfait 
l^aduates of legally chartered medical colleges in Illtnou in good stand- 
ing as may be determined by the Board may be granted oertificirtcs 
without examinations. 

Section 7. License to Practice — Piovisioifs. If die mi- 
cant successfully passes his examination, or presents a diploma fro0 
a legally chartered medical college in Illinois of cpod •»»'*4««^ Ik 
Board shall issue to such applicant a license authorizing him to pra^ 
tice medicine, midwifery or other system of treating human lihitr^, 
as the case may be: Provided, that those who are authoriaed to pca^ 
tice other systems can not use medicine internally or externally or 
perform surgical operations: Provided, further, that only those «bo 
are authorized to practice medicine and surgery in all tfcicir braacbei 
shall call or advertise themselves as physicians or doctors: And #r»- 
vidcd, further, that those who are authorised to practice nidwifefy 
shall not use any dru^ or medicine or attend odier than cases of faibor. 
Such license shall be in such form as may be determined by die Botfd 
and in accordance with the provisions of this act : Pnmdtd, Im n c i cr , 
that any wilful violation on the part of an applicant of any of Iht 
rules and regulations of the Board governing examinatioiis shafl be 
sufficient cause for the Board to refuse to issoe a license to mA 
applicant. Such certificates shall be signed by all menobers of tk 
Board and attested by the Secretary. 

Section 8. CERTincATES to Be Rbcoumd ih Omen or Comnr 
Clerk — Records of County Clerk. Every person holdiw a at* 
tificate from the State Board of Health shall have it recorded m Ik 
office of the clerk of the county in which he resides or p mcti cje s wiAis 
three months from its date, and the date of reoordii^ rf^ff be it- 
dorsed thereon. Until such certificate is recorded* aa herds profiM 

•ocsAL wnL n cmcAOO 

kr tiKfwf than aol exercise mny of the rights or privilefes 
d ttmiB. Aay person practking in another county shAll 
ht certifcate in lil»e manner in the county in which he prae- 
d the h^der of the certificate shall pay to the county clerk 
I iee for makiqg the record. The coun^ derlc shall keep, in 
M U f id e d for the purpose, a complete list of the certificates 
Ihf hkn, with the date of the issue of the certificate. The 
of the eonnty derfc shall be open to public inspection during 

SON 9. ExAMiiiATiOH Fus. The fees for examination and 
shan be as follows: Ten (10) dollars for examina- 
aad surgery, and five (5} dollars for a certificate if 
Five (5) dollars for an examination in midwifery, and three 
lara for a certificate if issued. For all other practitioners ten 
■ars lor an examination and five (5) dolUrs for a certificate 

now lOl UHPiorassiONAL ox Dishonoxablb Conduct- 
Hat Withhold ox Rxvi : Cextipicatxs — Heaxing. The 
ioaid of Health may refv to issue the certificates provided 
his act to indhriduab who nave been convicted of the practice 
inal abortioni or who have by false or fraudulent representa- 
Cained or sought to obtain practice in their profession, or by 
r fraudulent representation of their profession have obtained 
fat to obtain money or any other thing of value, or who advcr- 
ler names other than their own, or for any other unprofessional 
ooorable conduct, and the Board may revoke such certificates 
i causes. Provided, that no certificates shall be revoked or 
until the holder or applicant shall be given a hearing before 

nOH 11.^ Depinition op This Act. Any person shall be re- 
as practicing medicine, within the meaning of this act, who 
eat or profess to treat, operate on or prescribe for any phys- 
Bcnt or wiy phjrsical injury to or deformity of another : Pro- 
hat nothing m this sectkxi shall be construed to apply to the 
tFBtion of domestic or family remedies in cases of emergency, 
le laws regulating the practice of dentistrv or of pharmacy. 
it act shall not apply to surgeons of the ifnited States army, 
marine hospital service in the discharge of their official duties, 
qr pmon who ministers to or treats the sick or suffering by 
or spiritual means, without the use of any drug or material 



practicinf medicine or surgery or treating human ailments in 
t without a certificate issued by this Board in cooi^rfiance with 
riakma of this act, or any itinerant vender violatmg the pro* 
of aection 8 of this act, shall for each and every instance of 
Mtiet or vioiation forfeit and pay to the people of the Slate of 


child for any purpose whatever, except in subsequent case (cues) 
against the same child under this act. The word "child'* or "dnkhca* 
may be held to mean one or more children, and the word paresl or 
parents may be held to mean one or both parents, when consirtent with 
the intent of this act The word "association" shall indude any mw- 
ciation, institution or corporation which indude in thdr purposes Ae 
care or disposition of children coming within tfie meaning of tfus act 

Section 170. Jurisdiction. The drcuit and oooot^ courts of Ae 
several counties in Uiis State, shall have original jurisdiction in aD cms 
coming within the terms of this act In all trials under diis act mf 
person interested therein may demand a jury of six or the judge of 
his own motion may order a jury of the same number to try the case: 

Section 171. Juvenile Court. In counties having over SOOyDOO 
population, the judges of the drcuit court shall at such times as tkqr 
shall determine, designate one or more of their number, whose dtff 
it shall be to hear aJl cases coming under this act A special covt 
room, to be designated as the juvenile court room, shall be pmiM 
for the hearing of such cases, and the findings of the court shd k 
entered in a book or books to be kept for that purpose, and lonvi 
as the "Juvenile Record," and the court may for convenience be cded 
the "Juvenile Court." 

Section 175. Dependent and Neglected Children. IfdieooBrt 
shall find any male child under the age of seventeen years (17) or 
any female diild under the age of eighteen (18) years to be depci^ 
ent or neglected within the meaning of this act, the court may alo* 
such child to remain at its own home subject to the friendly virin- 
tion of a probation officer. And if the parent, parents, goardinor 
custodian consent thereto, or if the court shall further find thit Ac 
parent, parents, guardian or custodian of such child are unfit or in- 
proper guardians or unable or unwilling to care for, protect, tnia 
educate (or) discipline such child and that it is for the tntcfftf of 
such child and of the people of this State that such child be tita 
from the custody of its parents, custodian or guardian, the oooft wnf 
make an order appointing as guardian of the person of sodi dU 
some reputable dtizen of good moral character and order sodi gv^ 
dian to place such child in some suitable family home or odier s^ 
able place, which such guardian ma^ provide for such child, or Ac 
court ma}^ enter an order committing such child to som '^"~ 
State institution, organised for the care of dependent or 
children, or to some training school or industrial school or Is 
assodation embracing in its objects the purpose of caring for or <^ 
taining homes for neglected or dependent children, whidi asiocitfi* 
shall have been accredited as heremaf ter provided. (As anesM If 
act approved Junie 4, 1907. In force July 1, 1907.) 

Section 176. Guardianship. In every case where sack ctf 
is committed to an institution or association, the court shall iff^ 
the president, secretary or superintendent of such institution or 90 
datxm, guardian over the person of such child and shall onkr ss^ 



 to place sodi child in ] i tution or with sudi assoda- 
Kreof he is sodi oflker ana to n 1 such child, care for, train 
icale it tobject to the rules and rs that may be in force from 
time governing sodi nist or association. 

now 177. DispoamoN op Deunquent Chiloken. If the 
mD find any nude child under the age of seventeen 3rears or 
Mk child under the age of eighteen years to be delinquent 
the neantng of this act, the court may allow such chikl to 
at its own home subject to the friendly visitation of (a) pro- 
ifBcer, sudi child to report to the probation officer as often 
be r e quir ed, and if the parents, parent, guardian or custo- 
laent thereto, or if the court shall further find dther that the 
parcntSt guardian or custodian are unfit, or improper guar- 
jt are UMole or unwilling to care for, protect, train, educate or 
htt sudi chfld and shall further find that it is for the interest 
h chad and of the people of this State that such child be taken 
tm CQtlody of its parents. iMrent, custodian or guardian, the 
■qr appoint some proper ) or probation officer, guardian 

Ik person of such child a permit it to remain at its home, 
er tsch guardian to cause sudi child to be pUced in a suitable 
hone, or cause it to be boarded out in some suitable family 
in case provision is made by voluntary contribution or other- 
Mr the payment of the board; or the court may commit such 
9 some training school for boys if a male child or to an indus- 
teol for girls if a female child or to any institution incor- 
I under the laws of this State to care for delinquent children^ 
mj institution that has been or may be provided by the State, 
, dty, town or village suitable for the care of delinquent chil- 
bdnding St CSiarles School for Boys and State Training 
for Gins, or to some association that will receive it, embra- 
ils objects the care of nq^ected, dependent or ddinquent chil- 
■d wluch has been duljjr accredited as hereinafter provided. 
7 case where such child is committed to an institution or asso- 
tiw court shall apoint the president, secretary or superintend- 
anch inst i tu ti on or association, guardian over the person of 
lid and shall order such guantian to place such child in such 
ion or with such association, whereof ne is such officer and to 
Kb diild, care for, train and educate it subject to the rules 
vt thai najr be in force, from time to time governing such in- 
 or association. 

mm 177a. Pwocmsb Against ! lui r Child. The 

say in its discretion in any case oi a t } t child permit 
dd to be p roceeded against i x> x v laws that 

in force in tUs State got oonu sion oi crimes or 

n of dty, viDace. or town on :e. In sucn case the petition 
lUsact si KQ. 

nom 177h. i ;c HosprrAt, Etc The court 

the heakl m- an »i child found to be dependent, 


nei^lected or delinquent requires it, order the guaidian to cause sudi 
child to be placed in a public hospital or institution for treamait or 
special care, or in a private hospital or institution which will receive 
it for the purposes, without charge to the public authorities. 

Section 180. Agents op Juvenile REFoaicAToaiES. It shall 
be the duty of the Superintendent of the State Reformatory at Poo- 
tiac and the board of managers of the State Home for Juvenile Fe- 
male Offenders at Geneva, and the board of managers of any odier 
institution to which juvenile delinquents ma^ be committed by die 
courts, to maintain an agent of such institution, whose duty it shall 
be to examine the homes of children paroled from such institudoo, for 
the purpose of ascertaining and reporting to said court whether they 
are suitable homes; to assbt children paroled or discharged from 
such institution in finding suitable employment, and to maintain a 
friendly supervision over paroled inmates during the continuance of 
their parole ; such agenta shall hold office subject to the pleasure of 
the board making tbt appointment, and shall receive such compensa- 
tion as such boand may determine out of any funds appropriated for 
such institution applicable thereto. 

Section 183. Adoption op Child. Whenever the petition filed. 
as is provided in section 3 hereof, or a supplemental petition Bled at 
any time after the appointment of the guardian shall pray that the 
guardian to be appointed shall be authorized to consent to the legal 
adoption of the child, and the court upon the hearing shall find that 
it is the best interest of such child that the ^ardian be given sod: 
authority, the court may, in ita order appointmg such guardian, em- 
power him to appear in court where any procMdings for the adop- 
tion of such child may be pending, and to consent to such adoptioa: 
and such consent shall be sufficient to authorize the court where the 
adoption proceedings are pending to enter a proper order or decree 
of adoption without further notice to, or consent by the parents or 
relatives of such child: Provided, however, That before entering 
such order the court shall find from the evidence that (1) the pareots 
or surviving parent of a legitimate child or the mother of an lUegifi* 
mate child, or if the child has no parenta living the f^uardian of tk 
child, if any, or if there is no parent living and the child has no goir- 
dian or the guardian is not known to the petitioner, then a near rel- 
ative of the child, if any there be, consents to such order ; or (2) thit 
one parent consenta and the other is unfit for any of the reasons beit- 
inafter specified to have the child or that both parents are or tbt 
the surviving parent or the mother of an illegitimate child is so anas 
for any of such reasons — the grounds of unfitness beinff (t).^ 
pravity, (b) open and notorious adultery or fomicaticm, (c) haJOitd 
drunkenness for the space of one year prior to the filing of die pd** 
tion, (d) extreme and repeated cruelty to the diild, (e) aboaike' 
ment of the child or (f ) desertion of the child for more than six (A 
months next preceding the filing of the petition. 
















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II j^ijw pu|fi<i |»pij|M)i ui tjddid liuiipt puno} ibqiiUN 

•V iiaiHxa 

Ncmbor found tdling papers in Rntricted District tftcr ttM I 

(Zf ) Georgie , Age 11. 

Reported to Jnvenile Court and rcfcued by Probation Ofin 


Ncwlboyt ioand selliiig papers in Restricted District sftcr IIM I 

(ZS) Fred , A(e 11. 

(Z4) Sun , Aft M. 

(ZS) PhotocniA of - 

(NaiiM ind munber in poascssion of the ComraumL) 


(Z4) UcsMnfo- Bay found woridof in die Rotricted K«i 

Fbotograpti of i 17 jnn old. 

(Name and nnmber in poMcwioa of ibe Conwniiiiowi) 







(ZT) Photogn y h of 

— — » M jron flU 

(Name and mnibcr in pcMscsrion of the CommioiL) 


(Z8) Photograph of 


•p Mcssenfer Na 

(Z9) Pbotogr^of- 

-in Rotricted Dblriil 





^ W 

• -M 

tn iocuL wnL or onoAoo 


0>p3r oC ciid tiled by pbfridtti wiio 

Chioux>^IIL, i|^. 

This is to certify that I have euuniiied tUs day. M 

from infectioiis and contagiotts .diseases. 

^**^ BOUttfl 




iociAL wnL or oneAOo 


ipy of actuftl Letter from mui whom we win all 'XT, instract- 
igent, whom we wiO all *'A'* to ooothroe trmsactioa with 
rer, wliom we wiB caB '^B'* for the purchaie of women. 




October 17, 19ia 

GcB. Del Chicifo. 

in butjr on a deal here and probaUjr wiO have to ttav here for a 
e weeks ytt, I with jron woohl tee that friend of yonrti the 
hat jTOU spoke aboot to roe and fet from him how moch it will 

cet what I want over there, send roe the prices, etc and if I 
It do any better here I will ask yon to handle the deal jroo know 

1 want aad if as yon say yonr friend has been in botiness all 
the oomitry he also wiO know what to look for. If I can fet them 
kago it win save roe a copple of hnndred in fares alone. Do 
IS soon as you can as I dont want to waste to moch time in (oinf 
lo Shanghai. Write soon as jroo can. 

Yonr friend. 


T Of a ieicj|ram Bupposeo lo nave oecn reccivea trom \^ m 
OTK SO A m vjucago, insuutnog nm so get wooMn imiNign 
ior Us house hi CUna. 

BIVED AT Station., 

New York. 



M know what I want See yonr friend, fet prices and nnmber I 
et Wa forward money to the Convmqr of IHnoia. 


Copy of letter sent to Hotd , New York, to "YT wb 

wanted to secure women for Us house in Shanfu. 


Mn "(T 


New York City. 
Dear Sir: 

I have spoken to nqr friend, he bdieves he can fel jroo twa nqik 
more. The price wiU be for expenses, spendti^ moncjr, cic. fSQuOO ior 
each. Send what you want acoordinf to iiow many yoo wMt I cu^ 
tainlv will not spend more than will be necessaiy. 
Answer at once. 




Copy of Letter from New York from "^C,** V^^nng Instructioaf ip 
A" about the payment of money to "B** for three 



Mr. "A,- 

Gen. Del., Chicago. 
I>car Sir: 

Have received your letter, go ahead and let your friend get it 
two you write about and let me know as soon as possible how wm 

more be can get. I liave sent $150.00 to your account to the 

Co., that will be enough at present, when you need moiti^ 


Answer as soon as possible and keep me poMd as to progRni^ 
I am anxious to return to China as soon as possible. 

Yoara tmhr, 


P. S.— Tell your friend that if be will do his best and get bk i^ 
I want, I will not only pay him, but will make him a nifty profit* 

iocuL wfw or cnoAOo 


m for an Act Entitled an Act to Prcrcnt the TraotmisskNi of 

■M Bin 357. I ntr o du ced by Hon. R. K. Bedffood. 

.*noii 1. Bf it tfmciti by the Gtmnt AuetMy of iki 5«ef# 

It it iliall be onltwftd for Coonty Oerlct to istne a iicente lo 
lo any male who faib lo present a medical certi6cate ihowing 
be free from all venereal diaeaset; said certificate lo be sworn 
I Beensed physician and to be filed with the nsoal application for 
lo nMrry. 

cnoif 2. The certificate reqdred hi Section 1, shall read as 
i» lo-wk: 

• •••.... , M. D.f beioff a beensed physician in the 

9t IwHana, do hereby certify that I nave carefully and thoroogh- 

tnnned having applied the rcoogniacd 

1 and kboratory tests of scientific m e di cine and find Um lo be 
torn all sym p toms and taint of any venereal disease. 

[ere follows amdavit of examining physician.) 

cnon X If persons resident of this State, with intent to evade 
ovisions of this act, go faito another State and there have their 
Igs solemnised with the intention of afterward returning and 
^gin this State, and do so return and reside in this Stale, such 
MS shall be null and void and such parties, upon returning to this 
shaB be snbject to all the penalties provided for in this act 

cnon 4w Viohtion of tUs act shall be punished by a fine of one 
cnosr 1 AB ads or parts of ads hi conBid with this ad are 




Tlie People of the State of New York, represented in Scaale mi 
Assembly, do enact as follows: 

Section 1. The Greater New York Charter, as r e-e na c t ed bf 
chapter four hundred and sixty-six of the laws of nineteen bondred 
and one, is hereby amended by adding after Section foorteen bondred 
and eighty-seven, seven new sections, to be sections fbarteen Imndicd 
and eighty-eight, fourteen hundred and eighty-nine, fonrtecn hutdni 
and ninety, fourteen hundred and lunety-one, fourteen faandrad aai 
ninety-two, fourteen hundred and ninety-three, and fonrtecn haaak^i 
and ninety-four thereof, to read, respectively, as foikyws: 

Section 1488. The words ''publk dance haO** when used in flii 
title shall be taken to mean : 

Any room, place or space in the City of New York in which dvK- 
ing is carried on and to which admission can be had by payment of t 
fee, or by the purchase, possession or presentation of a ticket or tokn, 
or in which a charge is made for carina for dothing or other propcrtj, 
other than a hotel having upwards of nfty bedrooms, or 

Any room, place or space, in the City of New York, tocated aptn 
premises which are licensed to sell liquors, other than a hotel In*^ 
ing upwards of fifty bedrooms, in which dancing » carried on and to 
which the public may gain adinission, either witti or withou t 
of fee. 

The word "Dancing' as used in this and the s ucce e din g 
shall not apply to exhibitions or |>erformances in which the 
paying for admission do not participate. 


Section 1489. No public dance hall shall be conducted nor iW 
dancing be taught or permitted in any public dance hall unless it tm 
be licensed pursuant to this act and the license be in force s*^ "^ 
suspended. Any person violating this section shall be guilty ot i 

public dance halls — license of— bequikements. 

Section 1490. All public dance .halls shall be licensed faj tk 
Mayor or other licensing authority of the City of New York; the k 
for each such license shall be fifty dollars for • — ^ r^r or (nam 
thereof. All licenses issued on or between the sc of April mi 
the thirtieth day of September of any year shau cx : on tiie tkif^ 
first day of March of the succeeding year. All 1 i issued oi * 

Tn ■oouii wmL or cmcAOo 

I tht fifft day of October and the thiftf4rst day of Mardi of 
ir, than cxpm oo the thirtieth day ot September of the sue- 
: year. No ikcnte ifaall be issued tmleu the place for which 
■ed compHes with all bws, ordinances, mles aaid the pnmsioos 
b uB d iB f code applicable thereto and is a safe and proper place 
) pnrpoae for which it shall be ttsed* properi y ventilated and 

wm v^ffvft^A An#vl&#^aAnia^ ^^^al^^ ^w^ns^vAa^a^aifttf^AA ■v^^iAa'^v Intf^^flatt^MV tf^attv%l2tf^ 

hal shall post its license at the main entrance to its premises. 


aiov 1491. No license shall be issued until the lioensinf au- 
' of the Qtjf of New York shall have received a written report 
Inspsctor that the buildinf or premises to be licensed complies 
ic t ion fourteen hundred and ninety of tins title. All inspectors 
• petm i tted lo have aooeu lo all public tlance halls at all reason- 
niKt^ and whenever they are open for dancing; instruction in danc- 
for any other purpose. Inspectors shall be required to report 
All reports shall be m writfaif and shall be filed and 


enow 1492. Dandnff shall not be permitted in any place in the 
4 New York licensed lo sell li<)uors, except in a hotel having 
r^ of fifty bed r ooms, unless si»ch place snail aho be licensed 
section fourteen hundred and ninety. Vfolation of this provi- 
hal be deemed a viobtion of the liquor tax bw with respect to 
pwmises . No liquors shall be sold, served, or given away, in 
■Uic dance hall in which dancing Is advertised lo be taught, or 
kh dasses in dancing are advertised lo be maintained, or in 
initrucliun in dancing is given for hire; or in any room con- 
1 with such halL The word "liquors'* as used in this section, 
m construed as defined in the liquor tax bw of this state. 
m licrnsin g authority shall immediately notify the state oommis- 
of Excise of the granting or renewal or revocation or forfeiture 
r Bocase issued tmder thli title to any place or premises which 
lo sen liquor. 

ucxMan— WHBK roaFsrriD oa kbvokid. 

cnom 1493. The Bcense of any public dance hall may be for- 
sor naiHiuai uisoroeny or immoral conoucc permmeQ on me 
MS and shall be forfeited on conviction of any person for vtola* 
I sactMi fourteen hundred and ntnetjr-two of this act, or upon 
■VKDQB Of any person lor vioiauon oi s e cu o n lounecn nun* 
■a eipi^y*iour or sacDon eievcn nunorea ana lonyHuc oi me 

The license of any pabUc dance hall ma/ be revoked br the Kccosof 
authority whenever the licensed premiaes do not comp^ with scctioi 
fourteen hundred and ninety of mis act, provided tfiat hoensee or po^ 
son in dutrge shall be served with a copy of the report or co m p Ui i l 
In any case where a license is revoked or where the IJcensin c andM)n9 
refuses to grant a new license, reasons for the action nmst be tfilBd 
in writing and shall be nutde public records. Shoukl the Iiccbk «I 
any place have been revoked twice within a period of six BKMlhs. m 
new license shall be granted to sudi place for a perkMl of at kast ok 
year from date of the second revocation. 

Section 1494. The Mayor or licensing audiorhy of the Gty of 
New York may appoint sudi in^>ectors and other officials neocssvy 
lo carry out the provisions of sections fourteen hundred and ci||i]h 
nine, fourteen hundred and ninety, fourteen hundred uid niaetf-oae, 
fourteen hundred and ninety*two and fourteen hundred and nmetjr* 
three as may be audiorized by the board of estimate and apportk*- 
ment of the dty or authority having the right to appropriate [nbic 
money. The money paid for licenses under this act shau be appM 
towara the payment of the salaries of the* inspectors ap poi nt ed hat- 
under. Any deficiency and any other expanse of carrring thb act isto 
effect until appropriation can be made therefor, shaU m met by the 
issue of specuu revenue bonds of the dty. The inspectors to be ap- 
pointed under this section shall be designated as inspectors of pobic 
dance halls. 

Section 2. This act shall take effect hnmediatciy. 



Mb o( pac* o( SD Mooont book und bjr OHidHB of • boMH fai 
lirtilasrMi. Hw touk an innrled. 

Smdtjt May sUl wuMin 








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• • • • • 


• • > « 

* I 

ABDixnoN— law m 

Aboush Piiciiio SimM ^ 

Abortion m 

Mills tn 

L»w in 

Action or CiTTOoiniaL OK Rvocr m 

AovEKnsEM E NT i ciir e d dli e a wi m 

AovBinstNo: methodiof hmum |l 

ADVEKnagM EW T B pm iilbitad-HMdiiitaet. Ill 


Amusbmbnts: pBrla il|ii|l 

Ordinaiioe ; pi 



Appbopbiation fob OomnsBiON 1.1 

Assignation: hoases H 

Hotels a 

Typical cases S 

Rooois over salooos qi 

ATTfruDB OP Oomu ssion 4 

Bab PBBMm— ordiaafiee pt 

Babtbndebs andWaitbbs in Duobdbbly Sauxmb m 

B ASTA BD Y— law $B 

Bbbb: saleoC, in hoases V 

BoABD OP Education: r eco mm eodtkais to tl 

Boats fob PBOSTtTunoM— law p 

Bbbwbbs and Saloons 


Bussb, Matob Pbbd A. •! 

Cadr, the *| ^ 

Andpanders « *^ 

Call Hoo8»-flat. •■ ^ 

Cavsbs 4S^m^t ^ 

Cold Pbotbction AND BoocAiiov J *^ 

Culdbbn: protaetioo 

In salooos  ^ 

In Yice districts 

Venereal diseases BflMBg m ^ 

Undetfed 4 ^ 

Ordinance. ••••• • ..••••••••••••• •  *■" 

Cnubcnbi lecommendatinns to 

I ncuL BvtL n catcAM 


WiintiT iit i itdBtioB In 
BtDBLitmis— proititaitMo* 
1 VoKS—wnpt of 


OovRiiL'-ncamnndatMM e 
KW-iwoMm a datiBM to 
wn CnuitB*— [■« 


BxBiBm: oewsboyi jiS* iM* iN 

Messenger boys S7i» S7Jt S7St sn> PI 

Card used by physiciaa f^ 

Regarding purchase of women j/d^fi 

Copy of bill to prevent traasoitsstOB cC venereal diaensa jlk 

Copy of act regarding dance halla A 

Copy o£ account book kept by a "Madame** jP 


BzPUXTATioM or Inmaibs n 

Pbdbral AuTHOums: reoommendatioos to JS 

Pining System 4 

Flats : typical cases IS 

Atypical H 

As a call house U 

Customers Ii 

Renting U 

And police ip 

Prbqubnting House or III Pamb: law |d 

PbuitStdkbs and Icb Cbbam Pablobs: ordinance IB 

.GbandJuby: New York qi 

Health Dbpabtment: recommendatioBS to i) 

And venereal diseases m 

Home Conimtions: bad 40. 219. hs* A 

Hospitals and Venebbal Disbasb r i|i 

Hotels : typical cases ^ 8 

And police 9 

Houses: typical cases 8 

Profi ts from sale of liquor is 

And police * 

Law m 

Ordinances p 

Immicbant: the # 

Women « 

Protection o£ girls 4 

Protective league ^ 

ImmobalSbows %M 

Literature and pictures .....9 

Indbcbnt Lttebatube: immoral eshibiUcns, ocdinanoa $ 

Industbial Homes t 

Conditions ^ 

Infamous Cbimb: law i\ 

iNHEBrrANCE or Venebbal Disbasb i I 

Inmates: exploiutioB cC t 

In flau • 

Dau regarding thirty ' 

iNTBOoucnoN andSvmmaby I 

I, ta oncAoo 

jn.»i.»i>>n lit 

lii« UqMn Is. In 
tarn to public di 
ifimattd la<r 
•feci (rf lone ^ 


Pations op Hoosbs ^. m 

Pbktbbsiom H 

Pbktbkt Mbtbods n 

PmLAMTHionc AND OnuK OMAmunoMs: n T tmmi Tatktiww tir if 

PoucB m 

Reoommefidatioiif to. it 

List !• 

And aociAl evil Ml 

Rules and regulations HS 

Records Mi 

On the beat tft 

And houses, assifnation hotds and flats tp 

And typical cases. tfi 

And street solicitinf ip 

And saloons tSS 

And dance halls ijl 

Prbvbntitb Mbasuus i$l 

And veneral diseases. |» 

Procumnc n^ 


PaopiTs Fioii PiosTrrunoif 15 

Sale of liquor in disorderly saloons. x* 

Sale of liquor in houses i<> 

How disorderly saloons make aboomud U* 

On beer in rear room of disorderly saloons. Q* 

On counterfeit drinks Qi 

Pkopbylaxis J" 

pROsnrunoif as a Businbss P 

And saloon J* 

pROsnruns: use of cocaine and morphine by ^ 

In dance halls. 9 

In saloon V^ 

On street # 9 

pROTEcnoN OP Childun $ 

Of women in saloon ^ 

Public Bntbrtainmbnts: sale of liquor and ordtaanoe. H 

Public Parks tp 

Ravages op Venbrbal Disbabb , ft 

Real BsTATB Agbnts t 


Receipts: connection with flat i 


Regulation op Vkb: police rules. |i 

RiuQKniB Bombs: recoomMndations to I 

Rbmbmal Mbaburbs 

m MCUL nriL ai caicu» 

«r t^iiuimn tdOtt C 

«■ JiHb RiVOIN 

iklnUL Dttmcn 


umci |>rrimi«'l to Uarv 
Cocnmri^ r*t n| dMth «f Or JaaM N«tIm tlj6» 

omtno fwarnvnoK 
PraA u Imn ub «( UqMT !■ diMriwIy 

lV«Lt>(ATTlll iMkrilB 

IM, tn. *M» m iUmt 


Omm i mH. 



Police tp 

Prostitutes. ; 171 

Stibbt: lack of snpenrisioB on siS 

SmiT Vbnoois ait 

SiVDY or THB Oomassioif : ontUneof tj 


Soptlt: aouroes of H 

Tailss: data regsrdiog thirty imistes iM 

Cbodittons ui seven polioe piecincts • IS7 

Hotels, flats and saloons investication. jsl 

Houses, hotels, assicnatton houses imresttcated IM 

Saloons investigated jii 

Houses, hotels, assifnation houses, salooos investigated. jli 

Tmatibs: cheap m 

Thiatucal Agbntb M 


Typical Cases: houses, flats, assignation fXMMns and hotels. 7S 

Owners and real estate agents. I| 

Street solicitation 91 

Saloons ip 

Police iji 

Dance halls «• 

Department stores. tn 

Amusement parks tU 

LAke steamers srt 

Employment agencies m 

Midwives tis 

UmTBD States AucY AND Venbual DiSBASB jn 

Vagabonds and Vagbants: ordinance jiS 

Uw Ji» 

Vbnebeal Disbasb: smong children mi 

Treatment of ^rjk m 

Vulgabity IN Saloon m 

Wages: payment due, law , SP 

Wine Rooms: ordinance js 

Write SUYB TBATfic ^^ 

Wholesale LiQUOB Dbalbbs ii9»»* 

Women: unfortonate, how can be feacned« 4 

How enter UCs through saloon. -« vn 


Harvard Collage Widerter Library 
Cambridge, MA02138 (617) 4S5-2413