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Full text of ""Ар-роҳийқ ул-махтум" 1-жилд Макка даври"

AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ?j1lJi ' iJj^.jJI 



APPOXJlH^yJI-MAXTYM 

IIamaM6apuMU3 Myx;aMMad 

ojiau^uccojioMHum noKma ^aemnapudaH 

qucca qmiyemi Jiae^anap. 

MyajuiH(|) 
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CHHPAT - HBP AT EYJIOFH 

Ehphhhh khcm 

Tap5KHM0H: 

A6y MaHcyp A^Ma^ 



>lHrH HjiOBajrap 6HjraH Tyji^HpHjiraH 
HIAPLHH HAIIIPH 

"Ba^pyT TaB^H^" 

www.sodiqlar.com 



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3. ol428 — pi jji_! I pj-st_o - 21 



KyptOHHH Hyp Ba MaeK k;hjih6 ho3hji ^HjiraH Ajuiox,ra x,aM#y 
caHOJiap, 6apna x,HAoaTjiaHraHjiap eTaKHHCH GynraH Ajuiox,HHHr 
Pocyjinra, yHHHr ax,jiH Ba acx,o6jiapHra x,aM#a noKAaMOH aemiapHra 
canaBOTy canoMjiap 6yjiCHH. Ajuiox,AaH y3ra hjiox, ftyiqiHrHra Ba 
Myx,aMMaA YHHHr GaH^acH Ba sjihhch SKaHjiHrnra ryBOx,jiHK 
GepaMaH. y y3 3HMMacHAarH OMOHaTHH MyxaMMaji a^o 3TraH, 
pncojiaTHH eTKa3raH Ba yMMaTra Hacnx,aT ^HjiraH GynnG, Ajijiox, 
yHHHr ca6a6n GnnaH FaM-Kyji(J)aTHH apHT^H. y"3HAaH cyHr 6H3Jiapra 
TyHH x,aM KyHAy3HAeK paBinaH GynraH, Hypnn nyjiHH iqiahpah. 
yH^aH (J)aK;aT 6axTHK;apo KHMcarHHa neT^a GynaAH. Orox, 
6yjiHHrH3KHM, cy3JiapHHHr 3Hr Tyrpncn Ajuiox,HHHr KanoMHAHp. 
KypcaTManapHHHr 3Hr a(J)3ajiH Myx,aMMaA ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr 
KypcaTManapHAHp. HuinapHHHr 3Hr eMOHH xeHHH hxthpo 
KHjiHHraHraHHAHp. X,ap 6np kchhh hxthpo KHjiHHraH Hapca 
GnAtaTAHp. X,ap 6np Gha^t 3ajiojiaTAHp. X,ap 6np 3ajiojiaT 
yTAaAnp. 
Ammo 6atA: 



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AAamMaiiAHraH Ba yHyTMaHAHraH 3ot Y3HHHHr, yHra ojiAHAaH 
xaM, opTHAaH xaM xen KaHAafi GoTHji-HoxaiqiHK Kena ojiMaHAHraH 

KHT06HAa, 

. . . ^4li ,*^.'.'" >, J UJ* iili ^Ull (J jfa J ajj£ (jl (Ji 

Airnnir (sh MyxaMMaA): "Arap Ajijiox,hh ceecaHrH3, MeHra 
3prauiHHrjiap. IIIyHfla Ajijiox, CH3JiapHH ceeaaH... 

(Ojih-Hmpoh:31) 

Alui& 9 JajiI Attl J>uij fji fSl jLS iil 

21. (3h MyMHHjiap), CH3Jiap ynyH - Ajijiox, Ba oxnpaT KyHH^aH 
yMHflBop SyjiraH xaMAa Ajijioxhh Kyn ea KHJiraH Kiiiuiijiap 
ynyH AjuioxHHHr nafiraMSapii (hhmoh-3i.thk;oah Ba xyjii^H 
aTBopn)fla ry3aji HaiwyHa Sopanp, - achah. 

(A*3o6: 21) 
BH3JiapHHHr HaacoTHMH3, Fana6aMH3, 6axTy cac>AaTHMH3 Ba 
KejiaacarHMH3HHHr Gapnacn 6yTyH GamapHjrrHHHr a(J)3ajiH GyjiMHiii 
MyxaMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr cyHHaTH caHHirajiapHra 
3prauiHuiHMH3ra 6oFjiHK;jiHrHAa xen Gnp max myGxa iiyK;. 
Arap CH3 Gnpop KHiiiHAaH nGpaT ojihG, yHHHr MaHx,aacHra, iiyjiHra 
sprauiMOKHH HCTacaHrH3, y hhcoh khm GyjiMacHH, xoccaTaH 
CH3HHHr yHra 3pramHiiiHHrH3 nxjiocy MyxaGGaTAaH Ba KaApjiaiiiAaH 
GyjiryAeK Gynca, yHHHr xyjiK-aTBopHHH, TyTaerraH nyjiH, KHjiaerraH 
aMajuiapHHH Ba ypc[)-OAaTjiapHHH ypraHnG, 3prauiMOFHHH3 ynyH y 
GnnaH 6npra jimaG KypMOFHHrH3 3apyp GynaAH. IIIyHAa CH3 yHHHr 
GyropraH HapcanapHra aMan k;hjimofhhfh3, KaHTapaerraH 
HapcanapHAaH KairraG, ynapHH y3HHrH3ra jio3hm TyTMOFHHrH3, yHH 
KyBOHTHpaAHraH HapcaAaH KyBOHMOFHHrcc, Fa3aGjiaHTHpaAHraH 
HapcanapHAaH aHHHiqiaHMOFHHrH3, yHra xaMpox, GynnG, HiiuiapHAa 
epAaM 6epn6 TypMOFHHrH3 MyMKHH GynaAH. By KaficHAHp 6np OAaM 
x,ai<;HAarH CH3ra jicbhm GynraH HapcaAnp. 3hah 6y CH3 cyK)6 
sprauiMOKHH GyjiraH OAaMHHrH3 Ajijioxhhhf nanraMGapH, xajiiyiap 
opacHAaH Tapna6 ojiHHraH MyxTop sjihhch, xajinjiH Ba OAaMjiapHHHr 
3Hr a<J)3ajiH, 6yTyH GamapHjrr caMnflH MyxaMMaA h6h A6ayjuiox; 
6yjica-HH? ! YHra PoGGhmhhhf canaBOTy cajiOMjiapn GyjiCHH. 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Eai>3aH 6npoH oasm airraG kojihihh exn 6npoH hjimch3 OAaM: 
- Bh3 GnnaH nanraMGap ajiairxHCcajiOMHHHr ypTacHAa yH TypTy 
Hopax acpAaH KynpoK BaKT yTraH Gyjica, KaHAaii khjihG Gh3 y khihh 
GnnaH Gnpra x,aMHa(J)ac GyjraG, auiauinG KypHiiiHMH3 MyMKHH? - #e6 
cypaG kojihihh MyMKHH. ByHra acaBoG JKy^a ocoh Ba coAAaAHp. 
YTraH AaBpHHHr y30igiHrH Ba 3aMOHjiapHMH3HHHr c[)apKH 6h3 GnnaH 
y KHuiHHHHr x,aMAa y khuih GnnaH x,aMHa(J)ac 6yjiHMH3iiiHHHr 
ypTacnra TycHK; Gyjia ojiMaiiAH. HnyHKH Ajijiox acajuia Ba atno Y3 
khtoGhhh caKJiauiHH, ahhhhh Myx,0(J)a3a khjihihhh Ba Y3 

3JIHHCHHHHr X,aeTH Ba CHHpaTHHH yHHHr HHHAarH KHHJiy-KOJI Ba 

ac^tojiJiapH GnnaH GnprajiHKAa acpam Kac[)OJiaTHHH Y3 3HMMacnra 
onraHAHp. HyHKH 6y, y KHuiHHHHr cyHHaTH caHH&uiapH GyjraG, 
y3JiapHAaH xeHHH 6n3ra KOJiAHpraH, yHH Max,xaM ymjiaiiiHMH3 
aAauiMacjiHrHMH3ra Ka(J)OJiaT GynaAHraH hkkh 6yK)K MepocHHHr 
GnpHAnp. ,H,apx,aK;HK;aT Ajijiox, Taono ax,jin (J)a3Ji Ba ax,jin HjiMjiap 
opacHAaH Yz 3jiHHCHHHHr CHiipaTHHH HacjiAaH Hacnra, aBjioAAaH 
aBjiOAra HaKA ktijihG, eTKa3aAHraH OMOHaTAop, hihohhjih 
OAaMjiapHH HH^apnG KyiiraH. X,03Hprn KyHAa cniipaT KnroGjiapra 
C3hjih6, AeBOHjiap inaicjiHAa yKyBHHjiapra Myxaiie ktijihG 
KyiiHjiraHAHp. AnxaMAy Jinjuiax,. 

HyGyBBaT acpnra ca(J)ap khjimokhh GyjirannapHH, MaHa uiy 
AeBOHjiaHraH KnroGjiap cax,H(J)ajiapHra caiip 3TTHpaiijiHK, arap 
HCTacanap MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOMHHHr cniipaTjiapH oryuiHAa 
fliipaG, yHHHr Myca(J)(J)o GyjiOKAapHAaH kohhG, xyinGyii x,HAJiapHAaH 
TatTnG, yHHHr aacn6 MaroapajiapHHH MymoxaAa sthG, cyHHaTH 
caHHHajiapnra spramcHnnap Ba ajiairxnc conaTy BaccajiaMHHHr 
MaHx,aacjiapHAaH nGpaTjiaffiimcHH. 

By 6yiOK cniipaT MatJiyMOTjiapHHH 6n3Jiapra eTKa3Hin ynyH 
MycaHHH(J)jiapH jkhaah acaxA ktijihG, yHra yMpjiapHHH cap(J) 
3THinraH MycaHHa(J)OTjiapAaH 6npn, Hlaiix Cac[)HHioppax,MOH 
My6opaK(J)ypHHHHHr TaxKHK,OT Ba TaAKHKOTjiapHHHHr caMapacn 
6ynraH, "AppoxniiKyji-MaxTyM" homjih khtoGhahp. 

Y36eK THjiHAa yxnG, e3aAHraH Ba cy3JiamaAHraHjiapAaH 
Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy ajiairxn Ba cajuiaMHH axihh icypnG, yHHHr 
cyHHaTjiapHHH TyTHiimH xoxjiobhh 6npoAapjiapra sprauinui Ba y 
KHuiHHHHr xmoJiTjiapHra aMan khjihih iiyjiHHH eHrHjuiauiTHpHiu 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

ynyH )Kaiiiiiii MaxAHii acaMoaciiAa hum xieMaTiiAa 6yjiraH 
GiipoAapnap ym6y khtoGhii y36eic Tiuiiira TapacHMa khjiiiihhii 
irxTiiep Kiumiijiap. MeHHHr GiipoAapnapiiMra HacirxaTiiM, yK,n6 
ypraHHin, ciiiipaT 6njiaH x,aMHa(J)ac Gyjiiim, GajiKii y 6njiaH amain Ba 
ymi K,aji6jiapiiHii apAOFii, KyHriijuiapiiHii xanoBaTii kiijiii6 
TyTMOKJiapn ynyH KirroGiiiiHr Tap>KiiMaciiAaH 6np Hycxara 3ra 
GyncHHjiap. KhtoGhii yK,n6 HiiKKamiapra yui6y khto6 Tap>KiiMOHii 
Hlaiix A6y MaHcyp AxMa^ra xyn TamaKicyp GiijmiipMOigiapiiHii 
TaBcna KiinaMaH. By TamaKicypHii y3jiapiiHHHr ")Ka30xyJiJioxy 
xofipaH" KaniiMajiapii 6njiaH nc[)OAa 3TciiHjiap. Yiira Ajijiox 
GapaxoTjiap GepciiH. ,H,apxaK;iiK;aT y 6y urn ynyii xyn aciiAAy »ax,A 
khjiah. Ajijiox, TaonoAaH yHiiHr 6y 3ax,MaTjiapiiHii xacaHOTjiap 
Miiii30Hiira Ba3H khjimofiihii cypaiiMii3. HlyHiiHrAeic yuiGy khtoGhii 
Hauipra Taiiepjiaiiira 03mii KynMii y3 xiiccaciiHii Kymraiuiapra xaM 
TiijiariiMii3 uiyAHp. 

ByiOK Ba koahp 6yjiraH 3oAAaH YHiiHr ry3aji iiCMjiapii Ba ojihh 
cii(J)OTjiapiiHii ypTara KyiiiiG, ym6y kiitoGhii MaH(J)aaTjiii 
khjimofiihii Ba y 6njiaH naHKOK K;aji6jiapHii kohahpmofhhh xaM^a 
ryHr KyjiOKJiapHii ohmofiihii cypaiiMii3. Amhhh. 

/Raiiiuii MaxAHH xoahmh, 6iipoaapjiapHHri« 

Acaayjuiox X,acaHHii (paxHMaxyjuiox) 

21 - MyxappaM ajixapoM 1428 x-K 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^ju^lJ/jL^jl// 

; Jjlill Ail x»aJl 

IjjS iii j^ j j j^Vl ?j^'j ^ j^j^ u^ u^ ^'''"'> »j-ui ^il u^-O (_s^ j"j o^ ^ 
21. (3h MyMHHjiap), CH3Jiap ynyii - Ajijiox Ba oxnpaT KyHH^aH 
yMHflBop SyjiraH xaiviaa Ajijioxhh Kyn ea KHJiraH Kiiiuiijiap 
ynyH Ajijiox,HHHr nafiraMSapii (iihmoh-3i>tiik;oah Ba xyjiKii 
aTBopH)aa ry3aji HaiwyHa Sopanp. 

(Ax3o6: 21) 
AeiOBHH Ajinoxra xaMAy caHonap GyjiciiH. yiiiiHr 6aHAacn Ba 
3JIHHCH GyjiMHin MyxaMMaAra cajiBOOTy canoMjiap GyjiciiH. 
Ammo 6ai>fl: 

Pocyjiyjinox, cojuiajuioxy ajiaiixii BacamiaM y3jiapiiHiiHr MyGopax 
x,aAHCJiapHAa inyHAaii Aea MapxaMaT KiuiAiijiap: 
"Men 6apna ey3(ui axflOKjiapnu myeaji (KiiMOJiarma emK03um) 
ynyu wdopwidiiM. " 

Ajijiox, Taonora iihmoh KejiTiipraH x,ap 6np KiiMca, Ajijiox, yHii axuiii 
KypiiuijiiiriiHii HCTaiiAii; acyMjiaAaH cii3y-6ii3 xaM Ajijiox 6ii3hii 
axuiii KypiiuiiiHii xoxJiaiiMii3. JlexiiH 6ii3hii Ajijiox axniH 
Kypiimjiiirii ynyH 6ii3Jiap MyxaMMaA cojuiajuioxy anaiixii 
BacanjiaMra 3prafflMOigiiiriiMii3 Ba y 30THiiHr cyHHaTjiapiira iimkoh 
Ka^ap aMan Kiuiiiuira xapaicaT k;iijimofiimii3 jio3iim. 
Ajijiox Taono 6y xaKAa airraAH: 

Ixijjj l£J ji*J_j <*JJl L£~Jij ^j*J\£ 4lll djlpu ills' jl °ji 
j^j ye*, iiilj 

31. AiiTHHr (311 MyxaMMa^): "Arap Ajijioxhh ceBcaHrH3, MeHra 
3prauiHHrjiap. IIIyHfla Ajijiox, CH3JiapHH ceBaaii Ba 
ryHOx,jiapHHrH3HH MarcjmpaT ^Hjiaan. Ajijiox, (ryHOXJiapHii) 
MarcjmpaT KHJiryBHH, MexpnSoiiAiip". 

(OjihHmpoh: 31) 
flyHeAa iiHCOHjiap y3iiHii KiiMraAHp yxmaTriicii KenaAH, 
KiiMHiiHrAiip xaeTiiAaH HaMyHa ojiiiG auiaiiAii. JlexiiH cii3y-6ii3 
MyMiiH-MycyjiMOHjiap moaomiikii iihmohhii AatBO Kiinap 3KaHMii3 - 
ajiGarra MyxaMMaA cojuiajuioxy ajiaiixii BacanjiaMHiiHr 

xaeTjiapiira, cyHHaTjiapiira, lopiiui-Typiiuuiapiira, MyoManajiapiira 
3prauiMOFiiMii3 - aMan k;iijiiiuiiimii3 3apypAHp. 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HlyHHHr ynyH 6113 MyMiiH-MycyjiMOHjiap PocyjiiiMire MyxaMMaA 
ajiaHx,HccajiOMHHHr ciiiipaTjiapiiHii 5ixiiiiijia6 yi<;ii6-ypraHii6, 
x,aeTHMH3ra TaTGnic; K;njiMOK;jiiiriiMii3, uiyHra MyBO(J)HK; xaer 

KeHHpMOiqiHrHMH3 JI03HMAHp. 

ArapAa 6113 MyxaMMaA anaiixHCcajiOMHiiHr ciiiipaTjiapiiHii 
ypraHMacax, xaeTiiMH3Aa hohjiojk aAamaMire; HOTyrpii iiyjijiapra 
Kiipn6 KeTaMH3 Ba HaTimaAa AyneAa xopjiiiKica, oxiipaTAa sea 
6ok;hh, anaMjiaHTHpyBHH a3o6ra rnpiic[)Top 6yjin6 kojiiiihiimig 
MyMKHH. Ajijiox, 6ii3JiapHii 6yHAaii eMOH OKHGaTjiapAaH Y3H 
acpacim! 

AiccHHHa, arap^a 6113 naiiFaM6apiiMii3HiiHr CHHpaTjiapHHH yi<;ii6 
ypraHcax Ba yHH xaeTiiMirera TaTGii^ Kiuicaic AyneAa xaM, oxnpaTAa 
xaM 6axTy-caoAaTra spiimaMire, Po66hmh3 6n3AaH po3H GyjiaAH Ba 
6h3hh xaM po3H KHjiaAH. ByHAaH TaiiiKapii, K^iieMaT KyHHAa 
PocyjiJiyjiJiox, cojijiajuioxy ajiaiixH BacajuiaMHHHr X,aB3ii 

KaBcapnapHAaH cyB hhhuijihk GaxTiira Myaccap 6yjiaMii3. Ammo 
PocyjiJiyjiJiox, cojijiajuioxy ananxH BacajuiaMHHHr ciiiipaTjiapiira 
aprauiMacax, airrn6 yTKaHiiMH3AeK 6113 Maac6ypMH3KH e 
6ouiK;ajiapra 3pramaMii3 eicii y3 TaMOHiiMii3AaH 6npoH 6np iiyji 
yiuiaG toiiiiG, yHra spramaMire, HaTHacaAa sea Ajijioxhiiht Fa3a6nra 
Aynop GyjiraH KaBMjiapra yxma6 KOJiaMire. Ajijiox, GyHAaH 
caiqiaciiH! ! ! 

,H,eMaK, aBBajiAa 3iiKp KiiniiHraH ojrrHiiHr MatHociira K;airrii6, 6113 
naiiFaM6apiiMii3 MyxaMMaA ajiaibciiccajiOMHiiHr ciiiipaTjiapiiHii 
yK;n6-ypraHii6, y 30tii 6o6apoKOTHiiHr xaerjiapiiAaH ypHaic-HaMyHa 
ojiiiG auiauiiiMH3 3apypAHp. K^yjiiiMii3Aarn ym6y "Ap-Pox,iiKyji 
MaxTyM" KiiToGiiAa 6113 PocyjiJiyjiJiox, cojijiajuioxy ajiaiixH 
BacajuiaMHHHr ciiiipaTjiapii xaKiuja Aeapjin Tyrone;, KOHiiKapjiii 
MatnyMOTra sra 6yjiaMii3. 

TapacHMa k;hjihhhhh6, ch3 a3H3Jiapra Tai<;AHM STiijiaeTraH ym6y 
khtoG 1976 — hhjih IIoKHCTOHAa yTKa3HjiraH yMyM»cax,OH 
Myco6aK;acHAa ojihh Aapaacann coBpHHra ca30Bap 6yjiraH. 
Cy3HMH3 oxnpHAa yui6y khtoGhh MyxaMMaA ajiaiix,iiccajiOMHiiHr 
yMMaxnapH yi<;ii6-ypraHii6, aMan Kiuiiiiiijiapii ynyH KanaM TeGpaTraH 
Ba 6yHii yMMaTra TapKaTiiui iiyjiiiAa xii3MaT KiinraH Ba 6ouiK;ajiap 
TyuiyHiiG aMan Kiuiiiuijiapii ocoh Gyjiiimii ynyH apa6 TiuiiiAaH 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6oiiiK;a THjinapra TapacHMa KHjiraH ycT03Jiapra Ajuiox,HHHr pax,MaTH, 
GapaxoTH Ba ax.coHy-He'BMaTjiapH GyjinmnHH IlapBapAHropAaH Ayo- 
hjithjko k;hjih6 cypaiiMH3: "3h Po66hmh3! Bh3hh K^neMaT KyHHAa 
GyryH OAaM (J)ap3aHAJiapHHHHr caMn^M, 6apna naHFaM6apnapHHHr 
hmomh Ba y3HHrHHHr Max,6y6 PocyjiHHr 6yjiMHin Myx,aMMaA 
cojijiajuioxy ajiaibcn BacamiaM 6miaH acaHtraTAa 6npra Kunrim! 3h 
pax,MjiHjiapHHHr Pax,MjiHCH! 3ii, 6apna Hapcara JsOAHp Ajijiox,hm! 
Amhhh! 

Ycto3 A6y AGAyjmox,. 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MyKaflflMMa 

Y3 naHFaM6apHHH xhaojit Ba xa^ ahh 6miaH, y ahhhh 6apna 
AHHjiapra FOJinG-ycryH khjihih ynyH K>6opH6, y 30thh KHeMaT 
xyHHAa 6apna yMMaTjiapra ryBOx,jiHK GepyBHH, MyMHHjiapra acaHHaT 
x,ai<;HAa xymxaGap GepyBHH Ba KcxJmpjiapHH Ay3ax, a3o6HAaH 
orox,naHTHpyBHH xaMAa Ajijioxhhhf H3HH-HpoAacH 6nnaH yHHHr 
AHHHra AatBaT 3TyBHH Ba xa^ HyjiHH KypcaTyBHH HypjiH nnpoK 
k;hjih6, Ajuiox,AaH Ba oxnpaT KyHHAaH yMHA k;hjih6, Ajijioxhh Kyn 
eA 3TyBHH GaHAanap ynyH y 30THHHr maxcHAa ry3aji nGpaTjiap 
k;hjih6 KyMraH Ajinoxra xaMAy caHOJiap GyjiCHH. 

3h Ajijioxhm Y3 naHFaM6apHHrra, yHHHr OHjia-ai.30JiapHra, 
acxpGnapHra xaMAa to KHeMaT KyHnrana ynapra jdcihhjihk GnjiaH 
spramraH KHinnnapra cajicrry canoMjiap HyjuiaG, ynapHH pcbhjihk 
Ba pax,MaTHHr GynoigiapHAaH cyroprHH! 

1396-xh>kphh caHaHHHr PoGHtyn-aBBan oiiHAa IIoKHCTOHAa GynuG 
yTraH KOHc[)epeHHH5i cyHrHAa "PoGnraH OnaMH Hcjiomh&i" 
IlaHFaMGap ajianxHccajiOM CHHpaTjiapH xaKHAarn acap ynyH 
Myco6aK;a yTKa3HjiHiiiHHH 3i.jioh k;hjiah. By GnjiaH e3yBHHjiapHHHr 
IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr CHHpaTjiapH GopacHAarn c[)hkphh 
caBHHjiapH Ba y 30th GapaKOTHHHr xaery cyHHaTjiapn xa^HAarn 
MatJiyMOTjiapn hmthxoh KHjiHHaAH. MeH yui6y hihhh TatpHcfmra 
thji 05KH3 Aapaaca^a 6e6axo aMan sicaHHHH jixihh GnjiapAHM. HyHKH 
naraiviGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr CHHpaTjiapH Ba y KHiiiHAaH 
onHHaAHraH nGpaT-HaMyHanap xai<;HAa AHiwaT atTnGop GnjiaH 
Mynox,a3a k;hjih6 xypcax, "CnHpaTH HaGaBH&i" HHHr hhcohhht 
caoAaTH Ba Hcjiom onaMHHHHr xaeTGaxm GynoiqiapH yH^aH ok;h6 
HHK;aAHraH aroHa MaHGat 3KaHjiHrHHH aHrna6 eTaMH3. YuiGy 
MyGopax Myco6aK;aAa KaTHaiimm MeH ynyH 6np 6axT Ba 3aBigiH 
HacnGaAHp. JleKHH MeH K;aHAa-io, AyneAa apaTHjiraH HHCOHjiapHHHr 
aBBanHK) oxHpn caHHHAH GyjiMHiu IlaHFaMGap ajianxHccajiOM 
xaeniapHHHHr KHppanapHHH epHrnG GepyBHH acap e3mn KaepAa? 
MeH 3ynyMOT KatpnapHAa Ho6yA 6yjiH6 KeTMacjiHK ynyH yHHHr 



10 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HypnAaH hk;th6oc ojihihhh, y 30THHHr yMMaTH GynuG auia6, 
yMMaTH GyjinG yjiHiiiHH Ba Ajijiox, y KHiiiHHHHr uia(J)oaTjiapH 
Ty(J)aHjiH ryHOx,jiapHMHH KennpnG k>6ophihhhh y3HM ynyH 6yK)K 
6axT Ae6 GmiyBHH 6np hhcoh 6yncaM... 

YuiGy acapHH e3HiiiAarH MaHx,aacHM xai<;HAa hkkh ofh3 TyxTajinG 
yTMOKHHMaH. E3Hinra KHpHiiiHiimaH ojiahh acapHH x,aacMH ypTana 
GyjinG, ManojiJiaHaAHraH AapaacaAa Hy3HjiH6 KeTHiiiHAaH Ba acy^a 
KHCK;a GyjinG TyjiHK epnra ojiMafi KOJiHiiiHAaH caiqiaHHiimH y3 
onAHMra Mai<;caA k;hjih6 KyiiAHM. JleKHH BOKetanap TapraGH 
6opacHAa MaHGatnapAa HXTHjioc[)-3HAAH5rr.jiap GopjiHrHHH KypAHM. 
ByHAafi x,ojuiapAa MaHGatjiapAarn xaGapnapHH CHHHHKjia6, AHiwaT 
GnnaH Tax,K;HK; k;hjih6 ypraHnG HHKKaHHMAaH KeHHHrHHa 
BOKetnapHH TapTH6na6 e3AHM. By ep#a x^yacacaTjiapHH kcjithphihhh 
jio3hm TonMaAHM. Hymen 6y, acapHH Hy3HjiH6 KeTHiiiHra ojih6 
KenaAH. X,a, yicyBHHHH HKRHjiaHTHpnG KyHHiiiH MyMKHH 6ynraH Ba 
e3yBHHjiapHHHr KynHHjiHrHHH "Cax,Hx"ra xhjio(J) KHjiraHjiapHHH 
xypraH ypHHjiapHMAa AanHjuiapra nmopa k;hjih6 yTAHM. 

3h Ajijioxhm, MeHra Ayne Ba oxupaT axuiHjiHrHHH Ta^Hp KHjirHH. 
CeH yjiyr Apui coxh6h GynraH MaFcJmpaTjiH, Myxa66aTjiH 
3oTAHpcaH. 

Ca(J)HHK)p PaxMOH My6opaK(J)ypHH. 

23. 07. 1976 - m. caHa. 24. 07. 1396 - x,.k;. MyGopax acyMa KyHH. 



11 



AppojjUKVJi MaxmyM 



fjlLJl tj^jll 



Apa6 ^KasiipaciiHimr cucciiii xapiiTacii 



f%J$\ JJ JLjJI ij;>; JJ ^l^j, ^^ ^ 



~A 




12 



AppoxuKVJi Maxmy.M 



~c la " II (JlJzljJI 



\-V 



V.^ 1 *jljrr J> <&j*)l J*'^ 1 M^jS ^ 









• ■*, fe S 
* sT J 

r 8 



^ 



V UtiFl \ 



^ -Jr-. 




Apa6 5Ka3HpacH/jarn Ka6iuiajiap jKoiLiauiyBH 

xapHTacn 



13 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±^[jj^±jjl 

Apa6 Ka6miajiapn BayjiapmiHr 

>KyFpOCj3MM ypHM 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaHx,HccajiOMHHHr CHfipaTjiapH, jtbhh TapacHMan 
x,ojuiapH GamapHjrr OMMacnra eTKa3Hin ynyH Ajijiox, Taono 
TaMOHHAaH y KHuinra lOKjiaHraH OMOHaT - pncojiaTAaH nGopaTAHp. 

YuiGy pucojiaT GnjiaH OAaMjiapHH KopoHFyjiHKAaH epyrjiHKKa Ba 
ynapHH y3napH Ka6n HHCOHjiapra KyjuiHK KHJimiiAaH Ajuiox,HHHr 
nGoAaTHra ojihG hurrah. 

IIIyHAaH 3xaH, yuiGy pncojiaTHH TyjiHK TacBHpnaG Gepnm ynyH 
yHHHr 6och6 yTraH nyjiH Ba ffyn xenraH KapmHjiHKjiapHHH 
CHHHHKjiaG ypraHHin 3apyp. IHyHAan 3KaH, apa6 K,a6HjiajiapH Ba 
ynapHHHr HcnoMAaH ojiAHHrn MaB^euiapH x,aM#a Myx,aMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM K>6opHjiraH jkoh K,aHAaii jkoh 3KaHjiHrH x,aKHAa 
KHCKana MatnyMOT 6epn6 yTMOK jio3hm. 

Apa6jiap MaBKei.cn 

Apa6 AeraH^a nyraTAa caxpo, KyMjiHK, Ha cyB Ba Ha rnex,AaH 
acap GyjiMaraH KyproKHHjiHK ep TymyHHjiaAH. Apa6 aca3HpacH, 
atHH apHM opojinra 6y TepMHH KaAHMrn acpnapAaH 6yeH KyJiJiaHHG 
KenHHaAH. IIIyHHHrAeK, yma epnapra acoHjiauinG, y epHH ysjiapnra 
BaTaH khjihG onraH xaniqiapra xaM ym6y Apa6 KanHMacH KyJiJiaHnG 
KenHHaAH. Apa6 aca3HpacH Fap6#a JsH3hji AeHrro Ba Chhho apHM 
opojiH, uiapKAa Apa6 Kypc[)a3H Ba acaHyGnn HpoKHHHr Karra khcmh 
GnnaH, acaHyGfla to X,hha OKeaHHrana Hy3HjiraH Apa6 AeHrroH 
GnnaH Ba mHMOima IIIom (Cypna) yjiKajiapn xaM^a HpoK 
yjiKanapHHHHr 6np khcmh GnnaH nerapaAOin GynnG, ep MaiiAOHH 1 
mjih. kb. MHjiAaH 1 mjih. 300 000 kb. MHnrana ynnaHaAH. )Ka3Hpa 
Ta6nHH Ba acyFpo(J)HH MaBK,ei>H acnxaTHAaH nyraTAa MyxHM 
axaMHjrrra sra. Ammo hhkh xonaTH acnxaTHAaH sea y xap TOMOHAaH 
KyMjiHK Ba caxponap GnnaH ypanraH. IIIyHHHr ynyH xaM Apa6 
aca3HpacH GeroHanap Tapa<J)HAaH 6och6 ojiHHHiiiHAaH Tycn6 
TypyBHH, x,HMoanaHraH KyproHra annaHraH. YHra 6eroHanap y3 
Hy(J)y3JiapHHH yTKa3Hinra Ba xyKMpoHUHK Ky-JuiapHHH Hy3Hinra 
KOAHp GyjiMaHAHjiap. 



14 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HlyHHHr ynyH x,aM apaGnap hkkh 6yK)K HMnepmira KymHH GynnG 
auiacanap-Aa, K,aAHMrH acpnapAaH 6omjia6 6apna cox,anapAa xyp- 
030A 5iiiia6 KenaAHJiap. Arap ynapHH ypa6 TypyBHH Ta6nHH KyM 
KyproHjiapH GyjiMaca, 6y hkkh HMnepnaHHHr x,yacyMjiapHAaH 
x,HM05uiaHHinra koahp 6yna onMac SAHJiap. MaHa my acyrpoc^HH 
MaB^ei. Ty(J)aHjiH )Ka3HpaHHHr ihhmoji Ba acaHyGnH TOMOHjiapH 6y 
epAarn ax,ojiH ynyH THacopaT aHpn-Goinjiain, MaAaHHHT, AHeHaT Ba 
caHtaTjiap MapKa3nra aHjiamiG KOJiraH. 

Apa6 Ka6miajiapn 

TapHXHHjiap apa6 K,a6HjiajiapHHH aacAOAJiapn cyjionacHra Kypa yn 
KHCMra 6yjiraHjiap: 

1 - Apa6n BoHAa: Yjiap acyna v^jxumtm apaGnap GyjinG, 
TapHxnapH x,aKHAa eTapjinna MatnyMOTjiap iryK,. Ynap Oa, CaMyA, 
Tochm, )KaAHC, Ymjiok, Ba 6oinK,ajiap. 

2 - Apa6n Opn6a: Ynap iltonG h6h lOuiacaG h6h K^ax,TOHHHHr 
HacjiHAaH TapKanraH GynuG, K^axjOHmi apaGnapn p,e6 
HOMjiaHraHjiap. 

3 - Apa6n MycratpaGa: Hcmohji ajiaibcuccajiOM HacjiHAaH 
TapKanraH GynuG, Aahohhji apaGnapn p,e6 HOMjiaHraHjiap. Opn6a 
apaGjiapn K^ax,TOH xaniqiapH GynuG, ^MaH yjiKanapn yjiapHHHr 
BaTaHjiapn GynraH. yHHHr K,a6Hjia Ba ypyrjiapn 6np Hena 3JiaTjiapra 
6yjiHHH6 KeTraH GynuG, 3Hr MamxypjiapH hkkh K,a6HjiaAHp. 

a - X,HM5ip h6h Ca6at, yHHHr ypyraapHAaH 3aHAH 5KyMxyp, 
Kysota Ba CaKOKHKJiapn Mamxyp Gyjiranjiap. 

6 - Kax,jiOH h6h CaGat, yHHHr 3Hr Mamxyp ypyrnapn : 
X,aMaAOH, Ahmop, BaTHt, My3x,Hac, KHH^a, JIaxM, )Ky30M, A3A, 
Abc, X,a3paac Ba HIom noAinonapH GyjiraH )Kac[)OHaHHHr 
aBjiOAJiapHAHp. Kax,jiOH ypyrnapn ilMaHAaH xH>KpaT khjihG, 
aca3HpaHHHr Typjin Tapa(J)jiapHra TapK,a6 KeTraHjiap. YjiapHKHHr 
Kynjiapn ApHM cenn BOKetacHAaH 03rHHa ojiahh caBAOJiapn KacoA 
GyjinG, PyMjiHKjiap AeHrro THacopaT HyjuiapHHH sramiaG, ynapra 
Gochm yTKa3a GouinaraHAaH Ba Mncpy IIIom yjiKajiapHHH 6och6 
ojih6, KypyigiHK HyjuiapHHH xaM srajuian Gomjiaran, y3 
BaTaHjiapHHH TapK STraHjiap. Kax,jiOH Ba X,hmhp ypyrjiapHHHHr 
ypTanapHAa KejiHiiiMOBHHjiHK GynnG, 6y nnpoBapA Kax,jiOH 
ypyrjiapHHH Ganapra KHjiHrnrana ojih6 KejiAH. HaTHacaAa Kax,jiOH 



15 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

ypyraapH x,H>KpaT khjihG, Xhmjip ypyraapH y3 epnapHAa kojiah. 
Kax,jiOH ypyraapHAaH GyjiraH Myx,oacHpjiapHH TypT KHCMra 
aacpaTHin MyMKHH. 

1. A3a: BynapHHHr x,HacpaTjiapH y3 GomjiHigiapH Ba caMHAJiapH 
GyjiMHiu Hmpoh h6h Amp My3aHK,a6oa (J)HKpHra Kypa 6yjiraH 
6yjiH6, ynap ilMaH yjiKanapHra xyna GomjiaAHJiap. YjiapHH 
pyBOAJiap(ai.HH TyuinG amain ynyH MyHOcnG acofi hctobhh 
OAaMjiap) HaMoaHAanapH acyHaTap 3AHnap. 

YHAaH cyHr ihhmoji tomoh lopAHJiap. Ba hhxoat ynap ilMaHAaH 
hhkh6 KeTHinran, TypjiH acoiijiapAaH y3jiapHra MaxoH TyTAHnap. 
A3AAaH 6ynraH Cyuia6a h6h Amp My3aiiKHe Xh>ko3 tomoh fiyji 
ojiah. CatJiaGmi GnjiaH 3yKop ypTacHAarn 6np epHH y3jiapHra 
MaxoH TyTn6, 5iiiia6 TypAHjiap. Eojiajiapn yjiraiiHG KyApaTra Kenran, 
MaAHHara 6opn6, y epHH y3 BaTanjiapH khjihG, jmiaii GoiiuiaAHJiap. 
MaHa my CatjiaGaHHHr 4)ap3aHAJiapHAaH Xppnca ii6h 
CatnaGaHUHr hkkh yrjiH Abc Ba Xa3pa>KAaH MaAHHaAarn hkkh 
KaGnjia Abc Ba Xa3paac K,a6HjiajiapH TapK,ajiraH. 

YnapAaH 6ynraH Xppnca h6h Amp, jtbhh -Xy30ta- y3 6ojiajiapH 
GnnaH X,H5K03HHHr HeKKanapura KynnG 6opn6, Mappn 3axpoHra 
acoHjiauiAH. KeHHHHanHK ynap Maxxara KHpn6 KejinG, ymi Kyjira 
onAHJiap. YHAaH Maxxa axoniicii GyjiraH 5KypxyM.jiapHii HiiK,apn6 
K>6opn6, y epAa y3Jiapn auiafi 6oinjiaAHJiap. Hmpoh h6h Amp sea 
AMMOHra acoHjiauinG, y3 Gonajiapn 6njiaH y epHH BaTaH TyTAH. 
Ynap Ammoh A3AJiapHAnp. 

5Kac[)Ha h6h Amp y3 Gojianapn 6njiaH IIIoMra 6opn6, y epAa 
auiafi GouijiaAHjiap. )Kac[)Ha FaccoH MOJiHKjiapHHHHr OTaciiAiip. 
Ynap IIIoMra KejiimijiapiiAaH aBBaji Xh:>ko3 epiiAarii FaccoH homjih 
6np cyBjiH epra GiipiiHHii 6yjin6 TyuiraH SAiuiap. IIIyHHHr ynyH xaM 
ynap FaccoH MOJiiiKjiapii p,e6 hom onraHjiap. 

2. JIaxM Ba 5Ky30M: JlaxMiiiijiap opacnAa Myroiip aBjioAJiapiiAaH 
GyjiraH Xiiiipa MOJiHKjiapHHHHr OTacn Hacp h6h PoGiiHta GyjiraH 

3AH. 

3. BaHy Ton: A3AJiHKjiap IIIom tomoh fiyji ojiran, Gyjiap xaM 
iiyjira HiiKAiijiap Ba Aaco Ba CajiMO homjih hkkh TOK,K,a acoiijiaiiiiiG, 
y epAa auian GouuiaAHJiap. KeiiiiHHajiiiK 6y hkkh tof Toh TOFjiapn 

HOMH GHJiaH TaHHJIAH . 



16 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

4. KnHAa: Bynap EaxpaiiHra 6opn6, TyuiAHJiap. Kyn yTMaii y 
epHH Tapx 3THinra MaacGyp GyjiAHJiapAa, y epAaH Xa3apaMaBTra iiyji 
onAHjiap. y epAa xaM EaxpaiiHAa jxyn KenraH GocnMra iiyjiHKAHjiap. 
KeiiHH Haac^ra 6opn6 TyuiAHJiap. HaacAAa ynap moH-maBKaTjiH 
6np xyxyMaT Ty3AHJiap. Kyn yTMaii ynapHHHr xyicyMaTjiapH (J)aHO 
TonnG, napnajiaHnG KeTAH. 

y epAa X,HMapAaH GyjiraH 6np K;a6Hjia GyjinG, yHHHr X,HMHpra 
MaHcyGjinrHAa TapnxHHjiap opacHAa hxthjio(J) GyjiraH. By Oysota 
KaGHjiacHAHp. Oy30tJiHKjiap ilMaHHH Tapx 3th6, HpoKHHHr 
HeKKanapHAarH TenajiHKjiapHH BaTaH TyTAHJiap. 

Ammo Apa6n MycratpaGa HpoK yjncajiapHAaH 6yjiH6, ynapHHHr 
acn 6o6onapH caiiHHAHMH3 H6pox,HM anaiixHccajiOM GyjinG, ynap 
OypoT AapecuHHHr rapGnii coxnjiHAa acoHjiauiraH Ky(J)a flKHHHAara 
"Ap" Ae6 HOMjiaHraH yjncaAaH GynraHjiap. By yjncajiapAarH 
hscthmohh, ahhhh xo-naTjiap Ba yjnca xaKHAarn MatnyMOTjiap 
caHHHAHMH3 HGpoxHM anaiixHccajiOM Ba yHHHr xoHaAOHJiapn 
x,ai<;HAarH MaHGatnapAa eTapjinna epnrHjiraH. MatnyMKH, 
H6pox,HM ajiaHx,HCcajiOM y ep#aH X,opoH eicn X,npoH AeraH aconra 
x,H»cpaT k;hjih6, yH^aH OanacTHHra 6opn6, yHH y3 AatBaTjiapn 
ynyH Mapxa3 k;hjih6 onraHjiap. 

H6pox,HM ajiaHx,HCcajiOM 6y yjncaHHHr Typnn GypnaicjiapHAa 
acaBjioH ypn6, AatBaxjiapKHH ^aBOM STTHpAHJiap. Bnp MapTa 
Mncpra KenraHjiapHAa Mncp OHptaBHH y KHuiHHHHr aejuiapn 
Copa OHaMH3ra Smoh 6np Maicp k;hjimok;hh GyjiAH. JleiaiH Ajijiox, 
yHHHr MaxpHHH y3nra KairrapAH. Mncp 0npi>aBHH Copa 
OHaMH3Aarn Ajuioxra GoFjiaHHiimn Kyp^H. X,aTro y3 xaHH3H 
GyjiMHiu X,oacapHH yHHHr xH3MaTHra 6epAH. 

Copa H6pox,HM ananxnccajiOMra X,oacapra yiijiaHHiiiHH Taming) 
3tah. H6pox,HM ajianxnccajiOM MncpAaH KairrnG xejiran, Ajijiox, 
yHra X,oacapAaH Hcmohjihh aTO 3tah. ByHra Copa OHaMH3HHHr 
pauiKH xejinG, HGpoxnM ajiaiixHCcajiOMAaH X,oacapHH yrjin GnjiaH 
Gnpra Ky3AaH iinpoK khjihuihhh Tana6 khjiah. HGpoxnM 
ajiaiixHccajiOM OHa-6ojiaHH X,h»co3 epnra ojih6 6opn6, cyBCH3, 
rnexcn3 6np acoiira, x,03Hprn EairryjuioxHHHr ypHnra icyiinG 
xejiAHJiap. EaHryjuioxHHHr ypHH y naiiTAa 6np TenajiHK 6yjin6, 
ok;h6 KenaAHraH cen yHHHr yHr Ba nan TOMOHjiapHra ypnjinG 



17 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

yrapAH. X,03Hprn 3aM-3aM GyjiOFHHHHr TenacHAarn 6np TenajiHKica 
ynapHH kyhh6, ojiAHJiapnra 6np xajrra xypMO Ba 6np MeiiiAa cyB 
k,ojiahph6, HGpoxHM ajiaiixHCcajiOM OanacTHHra K,aiiTH6 KeTAHJiap. 
Yina naiiTAa MaxicaAa Ha 6np cyB Ba Ha 6np jhhobhh OAaM 6op sah. 
OpaAaH xen KaHHa Baicr yrMaii 3axnpa TyraAH. CyHr Ajijiox, 
cyGxaHaxy Ba TaonoHHHr (f)a3JiH MapxaMara GnnaH 3aM-3aM Gynorn 
othjih6 hhk;h6, OHa-6ona ynyH 03yK;ara aiijiaHAH. ByHHHr KHecacH 
6apnara MatJiyM Ba MamxypAHp. ilMaHAaH 6np ^aGnjia KennG, 
HcMOHjiHHHr OHacH pyxcara GnnaH xp3HprH MaKKaHHHr ypHHra 
)KOHjiauiAH. Bynap hkkhhhh 5KypxyM 6yjiH6, Maicica aTpoc[)HAarH 
BOAHHjiapAa auiap SAHJiap. 

ByxopHH pHBO^THra Kypa, ynap Maxxara HcMOHjmaH kchhh, y 
HHrHTjiHK euinra eTHiiiHAaH ojiahhpok KenraHjiap. ABBan ynap 6y 
BOAHHAaH yTn6 lopniiiap 3AHJiap. 

HGpoxHM ajianxHccajiOM k;ojiahph6 KeTraH onjiacHAaH xa6ap 
ojihui ynyH BaKTH-BaKTH GnnaH Maxxara xejinG Typap SAHJiap. 
YHHHr Maxxara GyjiraH ca(J)apH Hena 6op GynraHH xai<;HAa aHH^ 
MatJiyMOT GyjiMaii, TapnxHH MaHGatJiap ynapAaH TypTracHHH eAra 
onaAH. Ajijiox, cy6xaHaxy Ba Taono K^yptOHAa H6pox,HM 
ajiaiix,HCcajiOM TyuiHAa yrjiH Hcmohjihh cyaeTraHHHH KypraH 
6yjin6, 6yiipyK,K;a 6yHcymi6, yHra aMan KHjinmra KHpnuiraHKHH 
xa6apHHH 6epaAH. 

uj ujjlt cil^ al (104) *-*$] t> <M a££uj (103) &f?M &>j uiii! \5> 

+M- £jJb i\Zj3j (106) j~iJt iid\ j$ \li b\ (105) ^~~kil\ ifjs^ && 

103. Bac, KanoHKH iikkiicii xaM (AjuioxHHHr BaxniiCHra) 
6yiiHHcyHH6, (shah HGpoxHM y3 yrjiH Hcmohjihh KypGoH khjihih 
ynyH) neumiiac n 6miaH (epra) eTi<H3raH saiikii. 

104-105. Bh3 yHra hhao khjiahk: "3h HSpoxHM, AapxaKHKaT 
ceH (KypraH) TyuiHHrHH pocT-Saaco khjiahhf". AjiSaTTa Bh3 
MiipoH.ni aiviaji KHJiryeHHjiapHH iviaHa uiyHAaii 

MyKO^)OTJiapMH3. 

106. AjiSaira 6y (jitHH HGpoxHMHHHr y3 yrjiHHH KypGoH 
KHjiHinra GyiopHjiHuin) OMiiK-paBuiaH hmthxohahp, xojioc. 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

107. Bh3 (HcMOHjiHHHr) ypHHra (HGpoxHMra) KaTTa 6np 

(KyHKOp) CyHHUIHH - Kyp60HJIHKHH 3B83 KHJIH6 SepflHK (fltHH 

Karra 6np KyHK;opHH acaHHaTAaH TyrnHpAHic). 

( "BaccoiJDiJDOT" cypacn :103-107-o5iTJiapH). 
"CH(J)pHT-TaKBHH" (Hacoponap KHTo6n)Aa HcMOHjiHHHr HcxOKAaH 
13 em Karra GyjiraHjinrH airrajiraH. K^iccaAaH 6y BOK,ei>a 
HcxOKHHHr TyFHjiHiiiHAaH ojiahh 6yjin6 yrraHjiHrH MatnyM 
GyjiaAH. HyHKH HcxpKHHHr Aynera kcjihihh xaKHAani xymxaGap 
KHeca TyjiHK; 6aeH KHJiHHraHAaH cyHr 3Hicp STHjiaAH. 

YuiGy KTicca, HGpoxHM ajiaiixHCcajiOMHHHr Hcmohji Boara 
eTHuiHAaH ojiahh 3Hr KaMH^a 6np MapTa Maxxara KennG kcthuihhh 
y3 HHHra onaAH. K^ojiraH 3 ca(J)apHH Eyxopnii H6h A66ocAaH 
KHjiraH pHBO^THAa KTicca TyjiHK 6aeH KTijiHHraH. Xyjiocacn 3ca 
KyHHAarana: 

Hcmohji Boara eraG, 5KypxyMjiHKjiapAaH apa6 thjihhh jixihh 
ypraHran, yjiap HcMOHjira kohhji k;ojihiiih6, y3JiapHAaH 6np k;h3hh 
yHra spra GepmiiaAH. YHAaH cyHr OHacn Ba(J)OT 3Ta#H. HGpoxHM 
ajiaiixHCcajiOM yjiapAaH xa6ap ojihih ynyH MaKKara KenaAHJiap. 
KenraHHAa Hcmohji yiiiiAa iiyic GyjiaAH. V HcMOHjiHHHr xoTiiHiiAaH 
yrjiii xaKHAa Ba y3jiapiiHiiHr TypMyui py3Fopjiapn xaKHAa cypaiiAH. 
IIIyHAa KeniiH TypMyuuiapiiAarii TaHraiiKAaH ihhkoat KHJiaAH. 
H6pox,iiM ajiaiix,iiccajiOM yrjiii 6njiaH KypiiuiMaii K;aiiTii6 xeTap 
sxaHjiap, KeniiHiira HcMOiinra yiiHiiHr ocTOHaciiHii y3rapTiipnuiiiHii 
BaciiHT KiijiraHiiHii airraG KyiiiiuiiiuiHii TaiiiiHjiaiiAii. Hcmohji 6y 
ranHH smHiraH, OTacHHHHr hhjithhh TyuiyHnG eTa^H Ba xothhhhh 
TajiOK khjihG, 6omK,a 6np aejira yiijiaHaAH. YHiiHr 6y aenii 5KypxyM 
caiiiiiiAii Mii303 ii6h AMpHiiHr kh3h 3ah. Hcmohji hkkhhhh MapTa 
yiijiaHraHHAaH kchhh HGpoxHM ajiaiixHCcajiOM una MaKKara 
KenaAHJiap. By ca(J)ap xaM Hcmohji yiiHAa GyjiMaiiAH. y KejiHHHAaH 
Hcmohji Ba y3jiapHHHHr TypMyuijiapn xaKHAa cypaiiAHJiap. KejiHH 
Ajinoxra xaMAy caHOJiap airraG, py3ropAaH MHHHaTAopjiHrHHH 
H3x,op 3TaAH. H6pox,HM ajiaiixHCcajiOM Kairrap HOFjiapHAa 
HcMOHjira yiiHHHr ocTOHacHHH MycraxKaMjiaiiiHHH BacH5iT khjih6 
xeTaAHjiap. 

H6poxiiM ajiaiix,HCcajiOM ynHHHH MapTa KenraHjiapHAa Hcmohji 
GnjiaH ynpauiaAH. y 3aM-3aM AKHHHAarH TenajiHKAa HaireacHHH 
yTKHpjiaeTraH sah. OTacHHH KypraH Hcmohji Aapxpji hihhhh 

19 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

TainjiaG, yHra tomoh moiiiHjiaAH. EHp-GnpnapH GnjiaH y30K MyAAaT 
ynpauiMaraH OTa-yrnji KarrHK; KyHOKJiaiimG KypmiiaAHJiap. K^ajiGH 
yrjinra GyjiraH Myxa66aT GnjiaH TyjiraH MexpnGoH OTa Ba ry3aji 
xyjiKJiapHH y3HAa MyacaccaM 3thih GnjiaH 6npra, XHAOflTAa GyjiraH 
cojihx, (J)ap3aHA y30K; MyAAaTjiH aHpHjiHKAaH cytir crracH GnjiaH ?iHa 
ynpauiAH. ByHAafi aHpHjiHiwa KaM^aH KaM OTa-6ona ca6p KHjiaAH. 
Yjiap MaHa my ca(J)aprH ynpamyBjiapHAa KatGaHH 6hho k;hjih6, 
yHHHr ycTyHjiapHHH ypHaTAHjiap. H6pox,HM ajianxHCcajiOM 
AjuioxHHHr aMpH GnnaH OAaMjiapHH x,aacra naKHpAHjiap. 

AjIJIOX, HCMOHJIHH MH303HHHr KH3HAaH 12 yFHJI GnnaH 

pH3K;jiaHTHpAH. yjiap: 

1. HoGht (eKH BaHOJiyac) 7. Mnuia 

2. J^afiAop 8. X,aAHfl 

3. Aa6ohji 9. ilTMO 

4. MuGmaM 10. itryp 

5 . MumMcrb 1 1 . Ha(J)HHC 

6. ,HyMO 12. K^hamoh 
HcMOHjiHHHr yuiGy yFHjuiapHAaH 12 Ta KaGnjia TapKajiAH. 

yjiapHHHr xaMManapn 6np MyAAaTrana MaxxaAa auia6 TypAHjiap. 
yjiapHHHr THpHKHHjiHK MaHGatjiapn acocaH THacopaT GyjraG, 6y 
THacopaT ilMaH, IIIom Ba Mncp MaMjiaicaTjiapH GnjiaH Gopah-kcjiah 
ca<J)apjiapH Tyc[)aHjiH aManra omap sah. KeHHHHajiHK 6y K;a6Hjiajiap 
Apa6 aca3HpacHHHHr Typjra GypnaicjiapHra Ba yHHHr TauiKapHCHra 
x,aM Tapi<;ajiH6 iceTAHjiap. 

HoGht Ba K^aHAop KaGnjiajiapHAaH 6oiiiK;ajiapH GnpHH-iceTHH, acra- 
ceKHHjiHK GnnaH 3aMOHa rnpAoGjiapHra apajiaiimG, wyv, GyjinG 
KeTAHjiap. 

HoGHTjiHKjiapHHHr MaAaHHaTjiapn X,H5K03 uiHMOJiHAa ryjijiaG 
auiHaAH. Ynap KyApaTjiH xyicyMaT 6apno k;hjih6, BaTpoHH yHHHr 
noHTaxTH KHjiAHjiap. TeBapax aTpo(J)jiapAarH KaGnjiajiap xaM ynapra 
ToGei. GyjinG, ynapra KapiiiHjiHK KHjiHiiira acyptaT KHjiojiMac 
3AHJiap. K^anoHKH y epra PyMjiHKjiap Kenran, yjiapHHHr 
xyKyMaTnapn TyraTHjiAH. 

CaMHA CyjianMOH HaAaBHH aHHK; TaAKHKOTjiapAaH xenHH 
uiyHAan TyxTaMra KenraH: "FaccoH ax,jiHAaH GyjiraH MOJiHKjiap Ba 
uiyHHHrAeK, Abc xarvma Xa3paacAaH GyjiraH aHCopnap IsaxroH 



20 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

aBjioAJiapnAaH 3Mac, 6ajiKH Ho6ht h6h Hcmohji aBjioAJiapHHHHr 
yma epAarn KOJiAHiqiapHAHp. 

Ammo K^aiiAop h6h Hcmohji aBjiOAJiapn MaxxaAa HacjmaH Hacnra 
yniG 5iiiia6 KejiAHJiap. X,aTro Aahoh Ba yHHHr Gojiajiapn x,aM 
uiyjiapAaH 3-ah. YHAaH Aahohhh apa6nap y3 HacaGnapHHH cai<;jia6 
KOJiAHjiap. Aahoh IIaHFaM6ap ajiaiix,HccajiOMHHHr HacaGjiapHAarn 
11- 6o6och 6yjiraH. Pocyjiyjijiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiix,H Ba canjiaM 
HacaGnapHHH caHaraH nairrjiapHAa AAHOHra eraG 6opn6 Tyxrap 
3AHjiap Ba : 

"Hacaduu canoemiJiap eiizon aumuQdu" #ep 3AHJiapAa, yH^aH 
y erura yrMac SAHJiap. yjiaMOJiapHHHr naiiraMGap 
ajiaHx,HcccajiOMHHHr HacaGnapHHH AAHOHAaH lOKopncHra ojihG 
GopniiiHH 5KOH3 Aeranjiap. HyHKH yjiap lOKopHAarn nmopa 
KHjiHHraH x,aAHCHH 3aH(J) AeraHjiap. Ba: "Aahoh GnnaH H6pox,HM 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr ypTanapHAa AaKTiK Tax,K;HK;K;a Kypa 40 Ta OTa 
yrraH", - Aerannap. 

MatAHHHr yrjiH Ha33op 3ca OTacn MatAHHHr aroHa yrjiH GyjiraH. 
Ha33opHHHr sea 4 Ta yrjiH 6yjiraH GyjinG, ynapAaH 4 Ta Kaira 
KaGnjia Byacy^ra KenraH. Ynap: 

1 - HfieA. 2 - Ahmop. 3 - PoGHHta. 4 - My3ap. 

OxnprH HKKHCHAaH Hacjijiap xeHr TapKanraH GyjinG, ypyr Ba 
sjiaTjiapH KynaiiHG KeTraH. PoGnHBAaH KyiiHAarHjiap TapKanraH. 

1 - AcaA h6h PoGnHta. 2 - AH3a. 3 - AGAyjiKaiic. 4 - Bohji, 
yHHHr hkkh yrjiH Eaicp Ba TaFjinG. 5 - X,aHH(J)a Ba 6ouiK;ajiap. 

My3ap KaGnjiacH HKKHTa Kaira 3JiaTjiapra GyjimiraH. Ynap: 

1 - K^anc h6h Ahjioh h6h My3ap. 2 - Hnec h6h My3ap 

ypyrjiapn. 

Kafic h6h AfijioHAaH: 

BaHy CajiHM, BaHy XyB03HM, BaHy FaT(J)OHjiap. 

FaT(J)OHAaH sea: 

A6ac, 3y6eH, Auiacat, FamiM h6h Atcopnap. 
Hnec h6h My3apAaH sea: 

TaMHM h6h Myppa, Xy3aiiji h6h MyApnica, BaHy AcaA h6h 
X,y3anMa Ba KnHOHa h6h Xy3aiiMa ypyrjiapn 6yjiH6, KnHOHa h6h 
Xy3aHMaAaH sea P^ypaiim GyjinG, ynap Onxp h6h Mojihk h6h 
Ha3Hp h6h KHHOHaHHHr GojiajiapHAHp. 



21 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

I^ypaHuiHHHr y3H xaM 6np Hena KaGnjiara TaKCHMjiaHraH GyjinG, 
3Hr MamxypjiapH: 
5KyMax, CaxM, Aahh, Max,3yM, TafiM, 3yxpa Ba Kycaii h6h Khjio6 
ypyrjiapn. Ynap: 

AGAyAAop h6h Kycaii, Aca# h6h A6Ayny33o h6h Kycaii Ba A6#y 
MaHO(J) h6h KycanjiapAHp, 

A6#y MaHO(J)AaH 4 ypyr TapKanraH GyjinG, ynap: 
A6#y IIIaMC, HaB(J)aji, MyrrajiHG, X,ouihm. 
X,ouihm xoHaAOHHAaH CaHHHAHMH3 MyxaMMaA h6h AGAyjmox, 
h6h A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 h6h X,ouihm anaHXHCcajiOM caHjiaHranjiap. 
HyHOHHH Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM aHrraHjiap: 

-"Ajijiox, H6pox,UMHum dojiajiapudan Hcmoujihu, 
HcMowiHum dojiajiapudau Kuhohuhu, Kuhohuhuhz 
dojiojiapudan Kypauumu, Kypauuidan Eauy X,oiuumhu, Eauy 
XpuiuMdcm aca Menu manjiadu ". 

A66oc h6h A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6 po3H5uijioxy aHx,yAaH KHjiHHraH 
puBOJiTAa y uiyHAafi jxeikjxa: Pocynyjinox; ccuijiajijioyy cmaii^u ea 
cajijiaju: "Ajijiox, xajiKjiapnu apamud, Menu yjiapuum am nxuiu 
moiMpajiapuddH ea ukku mouipauum am nxuiujiapudau iguidu. 
Cym h^adujiajiapuu mawiad, Menu i^adujiajiapuum am 
HxiuucudaH KfiJidu. Cym xouadoujiapuu maujiad, Menu am nxuiu 
xoHcidoHddH miK<apdu. Men yjiapuum naipc ea oujiu dopacudazu 
am a(p3(iJiudupM(iH, " dedujiap. 

AAHOHHHHr GojianapH JKy^a KynaHnG xeTran, ynap Apa6 
AnepuHHHr cyBHH Ba MancajiH GyjiraH TypjiH GypnaicjiapHra 
TapK;ajiH6 KeTraHjiap. 

A6AyJiK;aHC, Eaicp h6h Bohji Ba TaMHivmaH GynraH ypyraap 
Bax,paHH TOMOHra KynuG 6opn6, yma ep#a jmiaAHJiap. 

BaHy X,aHH(J)a h6h Cat6 h6h Ajih h6h EaicpHHHr aBjiOAJiapn 
ilMOMa TOMOHra hhk;h6, yHHHr Xyacp homjih 6np ynicacHra 
acoHjiauiAH. Eaicp h6h BoHjiHHHr 6ouiK;a ypyrjiapn ilMOMaAaH 
Bax,paHHra, jxqktvr KHproFHAarn Ko3HMa coxHjiHra, yH^aH HpoK 
(Bacpa GnjiaH Ky<J)a ypTacHAarn) epjiapura acoHjiaiiiAHJiap. 

TaFjinG OypoTH&i aca3HpacHAa JimaAH. YHHHr 6ai.3H 6np 
ypyrjiapn BaHy Eaicp GnnaH 6npra aconjiauiraH sjxa. BaHy TaMHM 
3ca Bacpa caxponapHAa acoHjiauinG KonAHJiap. 



22 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

BaHy CajiHM sea MaAiiHa jiKHHiira acoiijiaiiiiiG, Boahioji KypoAaH 
XaiiGaprana, MaAiiHa mapKHAa )Ka6ajiaiiH Herapaciirana Ba to 
Xapparana GyjiraH acoiijiapAa JiiiiaAiiJiap. 

Ca^HfJ) ToH(J)ra, XyB03iiH sea MaKicaHiiHr uiapK TOMOHiiAarii 
Abtoc epjiapiira, Maxxa 6njiaH Bacpa opaciiAarii cox,njira 
acoHjiauiAH. 
BaHy AcaA TaiiMO mapKH Ba Kyc[)aHiiHr rapGiiAarii epnapra 
acoHjiauiAH. Yjiap 6njiaH TaiiMO opaciiAa epnap 6yjin6, y ToiibHiiHr 
Eyxryp AHepnapii sah. 

3y6i.eH TaiiMO jiKHHiiAarii XypoH TOMOHjiapra acoiijiaiiiAii. 
TiixOMaAa sea KnHOHa ypyrnapii kojiah. Maxxa Ba yHiiHr 
neKKanapHAa Kypaiim K,a6njiaciiHiiHr ypyrnapii amaAiiJiap. Yjiap 
acy^a TapKOK 6yjin6, ynapHH acaMjiOBHii 6np xyn fiyic sah. K^hohkii 
ynapAaH K^ycafi ii6h KiijioG hurrah, ynapHH acaMjiaG, Kypaiim 
Ka6njiaciiHiiHr ypyrjiapiiHii 6npjiaiirnipii6, uiapa(J) Ba 
KaApHflTnapHHH K>K;opiira KyrapAii. 

Apa6/iapfla 6ouiKapyB Ba *yKM 

ApaGnapHHHr HcnoMAaH ojiAHHrii xpnaTjiapiiHii ypraHap 
3KaHMH3, ynapAarii AHHjiap, MiuuiaTjiap, xyicyMaT Ba 6ouiK;apyB 

TII3IIMII TapHXH^aH X#M 6lip 03 MatJiyMOT 6epn6 yTIIIHHII JI03IIM 

TonAHK. Toiihkii, Hcjiom ahhii Aynera KenraH BaKTAarii Myx,irraii 
TyuiyHHiu ocohpok; GyjiCHH ynyH. Hcjiom Kyemii y3 HypjiapiiHii 
cona GouiJiaraH BaKTAa )Ka3iipa xpiciiMjiapii iikkii TOiic[)ara GyniiHap 

3AH. 

Tojk KHHAHpmiraH MOJiHKjiap, jieKHH yjiap acniiAa MycraK;iiji 
GyjiMaraHjiap. 

K^aGiuia Ba ypyrjiapHiiHr paiicnapii. Yjiap MOJiiiKjiapAeic xyKM Ba 
HMTne3ra sra 6yjin6, ynapHiiHr KynHiuiiirii Tyjia MycraK;iiji GyjiraH 
6yjin6, tojk KHiiraH MOJiiiKjiapra ToGet 6yjiraHjiap. Toac KiiiiraH 

MOJIHKJiap - ilMaH MOJIHKJiapH, FaCCOH OHJiaCH MOJIHKJiapH Ba 

Xniipa MOJIHKJiapH 6yjin6, GynapAaH 6omK,a )Ka3Hpa 

x,OKHMjiapHHHHr ToacjiapH GyjiMaraH. 

^MaHAam noflmox^MK 

ilMaHAani TaHHiqiH xajiigiapHHHr 3Hr K,aAHMnuiapH Opn6a 
apaGnapHAaH 6ynraH CaGat kbbmh 6yjm6, yjiapHHHr HOMjiapn 
MiuiOAAaH 15 acp iinrapii "Abp" ToniuiMacii xaKHAani xaGapnapAa 



23 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

THjira onHHraH. YnapHHHr MaAaHHjmiapH ryjuiaG fliimaiiiH, 
cajrraHaTHHHHr KyApaira KejimiiH Ba xyKMAopjiHKjiapHHH 
KeHraftuG GopniiiH MHjiOAAaH 1 1 acp aBBajirn AaBpra Tyrpn KenaAH. 
CaGat KaBMHHHHr xyKMpoHUHK AaBpnapHHH KyHHAarn TapraGAa 
TaKCHMjiaui MyMKHH: 

1. MnnoAAaH aBBajirn 650- K,aMapHH HHjirana GynraH AaBp. 
Yuia 3aMOHjiapAa ynapHHHr MonHKnapn "MyKpnGn CaGat" neG 

HOMjiaHraH GynnG, "CupBOx," maxpn ynapHHHr noHraxTH GynraH. 
y uiaxap GnHonapHHHHr KonAHiqiapH MatpnG maxpHnaH uihmojih 
- rapGnH TOMOHra 50 km. Maco(J)aAaH, CaHBOHHHr uiapK TOMOHHAaH 
142 km. Maco(J)aAaH GomnaG TonnnaAH Ba "XypafiGa", jtbhh 
xapoGana AeG TaHHnraH. ynapHHHr 3aMOHanapHna "CaAAH 
MatpuG" AeG HOMjiaHraH TyroH HHiiioaTH KypHnniiiH GouinaHraH. 
By KypHjiMa ilMaH TapnxHAa acy^a xaM Mamxyp GynraH GynnG, 
Karra axaMHHT KacG 3rraH. CaGat K,aBMH y3 canraHaTnapHHH 
KeHraHTHpnG GopnG, ApaG aca3HpacH HHKapncHAa xaM Ba yHHHr 
TauiKapHCHAa xaM MycTaMjiaKa epnapnra 3ra GynraH. 

2. MnnoAAaH aBBajirn 650- HHnnaH GouinaG, 115- HHnrana 
GynraH naBp. yjiap 6y AaBpra KennG, MyKpnG naK,a6napHHH KynnG, 
"CaGat MojiHKjiapH" homh GnnaH TaHHUAHnap. 3hah yjiap 
Chpboxhh KynnG, MatpnG maxpHHH noHraxT KHnnG onAHnap. 
yHHHr xapoGa KonAHKnapn CaHfconaH 60 mhji y30iqiHKAarH 

UiapKHH TOMOHAa TOnHJiaAH. 

3. MmiOAAaH aBBajirn 115- HHnnaH to 300- mhjioahh HHnrana 
GynraH AaBp. 

By AaBpra KennG CaGat xyKMpoHUHrHHH X,hmhp KaGnnHCH Kynra 
ojiAHJiap. yjiap MatpnGHH KynnG, PaHAOH maxpHHH noHraxT 
KHjiAHjiap. KeHHHnajiHK 6y maxap 3H(J)op homh GnnaH aTana 
GouiJiaAH. yHHHr xapoGa KonAHiqiapH ilpjiM jiKHHHAarH MaAyp 
TOFjiapHAa TonnjiaAH. By AaBpAa ynapHHHr opacHAa eMnpHjinui, 
hhxhtot Ba cyKyT GomnaHAH. TnacopaTjiapH acyna KaTra HHKHpo3ra 
k>3 TyTAH. Hhk;hpo3 caGaGnapn: 

BnpHHHHAaH X,H5K03HHHr UIHMOJIHAa HoGHTjiapHHHr cajiTaHaTH 

KeHraHHuiH Gynca, HKKHHHHnaH PyMjiHKjiap X,H>K03AaH uihmoji 
Tapa<J)Aa GynraH Mncp Ba IIIom (Cypna)HH srannaG, AeHrro 
HyjuiapHHH y3 Ha3opaTHra ojinuiraHH Ba yHHHHHnaH 



24 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KaGHjiajiapHHHr opacHAarn y3apo KejiHiHMOBHHjiHKjiapAHp. 
K)K;opHAa caHa6 yTHjiraH ca6a6nap JsaxroH xoHaAOHH ypyrjiapHHH 
Tapi<;ajiH6 KeTHuiH Ba ynapHHHr y30K iopTjiapra x,HacpaT k;hjih6 
KeTHuinapHra ca6a6 GyjiraHAHp. 

4. Mhjioahh 300- HHjiAaH 6oinjia6, to ilMaHra Hcjiom khph6 
KejiryHHrana 6ynraH AaBp. By AaBpAa ynap TypjiH xpAHcanap, 
HHKHjioGjiap, acaHacaji-TynajiOHjiap Ba hhkh ypyuinapra pyn 
xejiAHjiap. YuiGy BOKetanap acapaenjiapHAa ynap aacHaGnH 
Kynnapra hhihoh 6yjiAHJiap. ByHAafi (J)ypcaTHH raHHMaT GnnraH 
TauiKHH AyuiMaHjiap ynapHHHr HCTHiqiojuiapHra aicyH acauira 
MyBa(J)(J)aK; GyjiAHJiap. 

Ahhh MaHa uiy AaBpra KennG PyMOHjiap A^aHra 6octhph6 
KHpnuiAH. ynapHHHr epAaMH GnnaH hjik 6opa 340- HHjiAa ilMaH 
xaGauiJiapH xpKHMHjrrra KenAHJiap. Ynap hkkh KaiTa KaGnjia X,hmhp 
Ba X,aMaAOH ypTacHAarn ypyuma KapaM KHjiHHraH 3AHJiap. 
ynapHHHr x,yKMpoHjiHrH to 378- HHjirana a^bom 3tah. CyHrpa 
ilMaHjiHKjiap y3 MycTaKHjuiHKjiapHHH K;aHTa Kynra KHpHTAHjiap. 
JleKHH 6y naihra kcjihG "CaAAH MatpnG" TyroHHAa 6at3H 
eMHpHjiHin Ba TeuiHKjiap naHAO 6yna 6oinjiaraH sah. 

450 eKH 451- HHjiAa acy^a KaTra cen KennG, TyroH 6y3HjiH6 
xeTAH. K^yptOHAa "CanjiH Aphhm" Aea THjira onHHraH Ty<J)OH 
6anocH ynapHHHr Gouinra xejiAH. By acyAa Kaira xpAHca 6yjiraH 
GyjinG, 6yTyH oGoAOHHHjiHKjiapHH BafipoHara anjiaHHiiiHra ojih6 
xejiAH. HaTHacaAa xaniqiap napnajiaHnG, napoxaHAa GynnG 
xeTAHjiap. 

Mhjioahh 523- HHjiAa 3y HaBOC hcmjih 6np jixyAHH HaacpoH 
axoJiHCHAaH GyjiraH MaxHHXHHjiapra KapiiiH yiouiTHpHjiraH 
xyjKyMjiapra eTaKHHjiHK k;hjiah. 3y HaBOC ynapHH y3 AHHjiapnAaH 
Maac6ypjia6 HHKapMOKHH GyjmH. Ynap 6y TanaGHH GaacapnuiAaH 
6oui TopTran, 3y HaBOC epra Kaira HOx-ynoKJiap KaBjiaTnG, ynapra 
yTHHjiap TauiJiaG, ojiob eicrnpAH. CyHr AHHHAaH KairrMaraH 
MacHx,HHjiapHH yiiia oiiOBra yjiOKTHpAH. ByHra K^yptOHH 
KapHMHHHr "Bypyac" cypacHAa Hiiiopa KruiHHraH: 

"Hox, aecmapu nwbHam Kjuiumaimap". 

By ojiTAa anHH MaHa my BOKetanap KafiA KHjiHHraHAHp. ByHAaH 
xeHHH MaHa my BOKetanap hhthk;omh yjiapoK PyM HMnepaTopn 



25 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

GoiiiHHjiHrHAa Apa6 AHepjiapnra HacpoHHHjiap k>phihh 6omjiaHH6 
xeTAH. Xa6auiJiapHH xaM ypymra Te3Jia6, ynapra xapGnfi AeHrro 
KeManapHHH TanepjiaG GepnnAH. 70 MHHr xa6am acxapjiapH ypyui 
k,hjih6, ilMaHHH hkkhhhh MapTa Kynra KHpHTAHjiap. YuiGy xPAHca 
525- HHjiAa ApteA eTaKHHjiHrHAa GyjiAH. 
ApteA XaGauiHCTOH noAinocH TOMOHHAaH ilMaHra xokhm 3th6 

TaHHHJiaHAH. YHHHr XOKHMJIHrH A6paxa TOMOHHAaH ajIAOB HyjIH 

GnnaH ojih6 KyHHjiHryHHHa AaBOM stah. A6paxa yHHHr KyiiiHHjiapH 
eTaKHHjiapHAaH GynraH 6np jiaiiiKap6oiiiH sah. y XaGauiHCTOH 
noAmocHHH po3H k,hjih6, ilMaH x,OKHMjiHrHHH Kyjira khphtah. 
KatGaHH BafipoH k,hjihih ynyH KyuiHH x,03npnaraH jiaiiiKap6oiiiH 
xaM aiiHH MaHa my A6paxa GynraH. TapnxAa y Ba yHHHr acxapjiapH 
"AcxoGyn (J)hji" homh GnnaH TaHHjiraHjiap. 

Ohji BOKetacHAaH xeHHH ilMaHjiHKjiap otjihk, KyuiHH 
x,03HpjiauiH6, xaGauijiapra K,apiiiH acaHr GomjiaAHJiapAa, ynapHH 
MaMjiaxaTAaH KyBnG HHK,apAHjiap. 

575- HHjiAa MatAHKapaG h6h Can(J) 3y il3HH Xhmaphh 
GouiHHjiHrHAa ilMaHjiHKjiap y3 HCTHK,jiojiHra 3Phihh6, 
MatAHKapa6HH y3jiapHra noAinox, k,hjih6 canjiaAHJiap. y 
xaGauuiapAaH 6np K,aHHacHHH y3HHHHr xH3MaTjiapHHH k,hjihihh Ba 
HaBKapjiapn GnnaH 6npra ojih6 ropnui ynyH K,ojiAHpraH 3-ah. 
KyHjiapHHHr Gnpn^a xa6ainjiap MatAHKapa6ra xneHaT k,hjih6, yHH 
yjiAHpAHJiap Ba yHHHr yjiHMH GnnaH 3y il3HH xoHaAOHHAaH 
noAinox,jiHK GapxaM tohah. 
Oopcnap KncpocH Cantora 6np (J)opcHH OAaMHH xokhm 3th6 
TaHHHjiaAH. ilMaHHH sea Oopcnap Kyji ocTHAarn 6np bhjioat 
khjihhh6, yHHHr BOJiKHjiapn cjjopcjiapAaH TaHHHjiaHap sah. 
ilMaHHHHr 3Hr oxnprH xokhmh Bo30h GynnG, y mhjioahh 628 - 
HHjiAa Hcjiomhh K,a6yji KHjiraH. yHHHr HcnoMra kojihiiih GnnaH 
(J)opcjiapHHHr ilMaH AHepnra 6yjiraH Hy(J)y3JiapH HHTHxpcnra ctah. 

XMiipaflarM iviyriK 

Oopcnap HpoK Ba yHra KyuiHH GynraH MaMjiaxaTjiapra ynapHH 
ByK)K K^aBpyui (529 - 557 m.k,. h-h) GnpnauiTHpraH 3aMOHjiapAaH 
6epn x,yKMpoHjiHK k,hjih6 KenapAHJiap. Ynapra K,apiiiH xen khm 6oui 
Kyrapa onMac sah. 326- m.k;. HHjira kojihG, AjiexcaHAp 
MaxeAOHCKHH 6oui KyrapnG, ynapHHHr yjixaAarn Ghphhhh mojihkh 



26 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

flopoHH MarjiyG khjihG, (J)opcjiapHHHr uiaBKaTjiapHHH chhahpah. 
Oopcnap Kyn ocTHAa GyjiraH AaBjiaTjiap napnajiaHuG rctak. 3hah 
6y lopTjiapHH "TaBOH(J) MOJiHKjiapH" Aea TaHHjiraH MOJiHKjiap 
6oinK,apa 6oinjiaAHJiap. By MOJiHKjiap napna-napna 6ynraH 
AaBjiaTjiapHH to 230 - HHjirana GoinKapHiima asbom STAHjiap. 

MaHa my MOJiHKjiap AaBpHAa JsaxroHHHjiap x,H»cpaT khjihG, 
HpoKHHHr cepcyB yrjiOK epnapHAaH 6np KHCMHra acoHjiauiAHJiap. 
CyHrpa x,H»cpaT khjihG KeTraH AAHOHHiijiap ynapra kojihG Kyiimjia 
GouijiaAHjiap Ba ~Ka3upau OyporajiAaH 6np khcmhhh arajuiaAHJiap. 

CocoHHHjiap AaBjiaTHra acoc conraH A3Aainep AaBpnra kcjihG, 
(J)opcjiap KaiiTaAaH xynaa 6oinjiaAH. HyHKH y 226- m. HHjiAaH 
6ouiJia6 napnajiaHuG KeTraH Oopc KynjiapKHH GnpnauiTHpa 
GouinaAH. A3Aauiep y3 MaMjiaxaTHra nerapaAOin GyjinG JmiaiiAHraH 
apa6 K;a6HjiajiapHHH 6och6 ojiah. By xoji Oysota K,a6HjiacHHH 
HIoMra KynnG KeTHiiiHra ca6a6 GyjmH. Xriiipa Ba AH6ap axAJiapn 
A3Aauiepra ToGte 6yjiAHjiap. 

A3AauiepHHHr AaBpiiAa X,HiipaAarii HpoK caxponapii xaMAa 
)Ka3iipaHiiHr Po6nirt>a Ba My3ap K,a6iuiajiapiira bojiiihjiiik kiijiiiih 
5Ky3aHMa Ba330XHiiHr KyjiiiAa 3-ah. A3Aainep apa6jiapHii 6eBocirra 
6oinK,apnin Ba ynapHii y3 MaMjiaxaTH nerapaciira tiihiiG Kyiiiiiii 
MyMKHH GyjiMaraH inn 3KaHjinriiHii 51x11111 6njiap 3-ah. By imuiap 
(J)aK;aTrHHa ynapHiiHr y3jiapiiAaH 6np Hyc[)y3Jiii kiiihiihii ycriijiapiira 
mojiiik 3th6 TaHHHjia6 Kyiiiiiii 6njiaH, arap yina khuihhh Kyjuia6 - 
KyBBaxnaHAHraH MyraacciiG K,aBMii GyjicariiHa aManra ouiap sah. 

Hkkiihhii Tapa(J)AaH sea, ynapAaH MaHa my ycjiyG 6njiaH 
y3Jiapnra xaBc[) cojiiiG TypaAHraH PyMjiHKjiapra K,apiiiH epAaM onnm 
xaM MyMKHH GynapAH. ,3,eMaK, HpoK, apaGnapn PyM noAmox,jiapH 
TOMOHHAaH TaHHHjiaG KyHHjiraH HIom apaGnapn ojiAHAa 6np TycHK; 
GyjinG TypHmjiapn KepaK sah. X,nnpa mojihkh xy3ypHAa Oopc 
acyapnapHAaH nGopaT 6yjiraH 6np rypyx, aohm man TypaAHraH 
GyjinG, ynapAaH y3 cajrraHaTHra K,apiiiH HHK,aAHraH caxpo 
apaGnapHHH 6octhph6 Typmii ynyH (J)OHAajiaHap sah. 
!3Cy3aHMaHHHr Ba(J)OTH 268 - HHjuiap aTpo(J)HAa GyjmH. YHHHr 
Ba(J)OTHAaH KeHHH A3Aamep X,HHpara JlaxMHiijiapHHHr Ghphhhh 
noAmocH 6ynraH Amp h6h Aahh h6h JIy(J)ap JIaxMHHHH bojihh 
3th6 TaHHHjiaAH. y Oopcnap noAmocn A3AamepHHHr yran CaGyyp 



27 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

AaBpnAa xaM BOJiHHjiHrHHa kojiah. IHyHAaii k;hjih6 X,HHpa MyjiKH 
JIaxMHH K;a6HjiacH KyjiHAa AaBOM 3-tah. 

Ky66o3 h6h <Pepy3 cajrraHaTra Kejiran, yHHHr AaBpHAa My3Aaic 
homjih 6np khihh hhk;h6, OAaMjiapHH "H6oxhhht" (aHapx,H3M)ra 
AatBaT 3Ta 6omjiaAH. YHra acyAa xyn xajiKJiap aprama Gomjiaran, 
Ky66o3 xaM yui6y AatBaTra aprauiAH. CyHr X,HHpa mojihkh 
MyH3Hp h6h MotyccaMora 3jihh k>6oph6, ymi y3 Ma3xa6HHH K;a6yji 
k;hjih6, y GnnaH AHHjiaHHiiira HaKHpAH. YHHHr xaMHjrra Ky3ra6, 
rypypn nyji GepMaran, 6y AatBaraH paA 3-tah. K,y66o3 yHH 
BOJiHHjiHKAaH HeTjiaTnG, ypHHra y3 AatBaTHHH a6yn k;hjih6, 
My3AaKHH Ma3x,a6nra yTraH X,opnc h6h Amp h6h X,aacap 

KhHAHHHH BOJIHH 3Th6 TaHHHJiaAH. 

Ky66o3AaH kchhh TaxTHH Kncpo AHyuiHpBOH srajuiaAH. V 
My3AaKHH Ma3x,a6HHH eicrapMac 3ah. Y My3AaKHH Ba yHHHr 
Ma3x,a6nra spramraH acy^a KynHHjiHKHH K;aTji stthpah. Myronp 
h6h MotyccaMOHH BOJiHHjiHKica KafiTapAH. X,opnc h6h Amphh sea 
y3 xy3ypnra nopjiaTAH. JleKHH y kohh6 KyTyjiAH Ba J^opyn KanGra 
6opn6, xaeTHHHHr oxHpHrana y epAa JimaAH. 

MyH3np h6h MotyccaMOAaH xeHHH xaM bhjiojit yHHHr HacjiHAa 
AaBOM 3tah. HytMOH h6h MyH3np bojihh GyjiraH naiiTAa, 3aiiA 
h6h Aahh OGhahh KyjuiaraH TaA6np-MaKp ca6a6jin Kncpo yHH 
eMOH Kypn6 kojiah. 3anA Max(J)HH paBHuiAa MatnyMOTjiap TynjiaG, 
yHH Kncpora K>6opraH sah. Kncpo OAaM K>6opH6, HytMOHHH y 3 
xy3ypnra nopjiaTAH. HyMOH Max(J)HH cypaTAa Ojih IHhhGoh 
caHHHAH X,ohhh h6h MaetyAHHHr ojiAHra 6opn6, yHra ax,jin Ba 
MOJi-AyHecHHH OMOHaT Tap3HAa KOJiAHpAH-Aa, y3H Kncpo xy3ypnra 
nyji ojiah. Kncpo yHH x,n6cra ojiah. HytMOH xnGcxoHaAa Ba(J)OT 
3tah. YHHHr ypHHra X,nnpara Hnec h6h KpGnnca Tohbhhhh bojihh 
3th6 TaiiHHjiaAH Ba yHra X,OHHt>HHra OAaM K)6opH6, yHAaH y3 
x,y3ypHAarn OMOHaTjiapHH TonuiHpHuiHHH Tana6 khjihihhh GyiopAH. 
X,OHHi.HHHHHr xaMHHTH Ky3ra6, 6y HuiAaH 6oui toptah Ba noAinora 
KapuiH ypyui 3i>jioh khjiah. OpaAaH xyn (J)ypcaT yTMaii HiiecHHHr 
nneAa Ba otjihk; KyuiHHH HHHAa (J)opc KyMOHAOHjiapn Ba ynapHHHr 
rypyx,jiapH ennpHjinG xena GouuiaAH. Hkkh TOH(J)a ypTacHAa "3y 
Kop" Ae6 HOMjiaHraH acoiiAa AaxmaTjiH acaHr GouuiaHAH. By 
acaHrAa Ojih IIIhhGoh fojihG hhk;ah. Oopcnap 6y acaHrAa acyAaaM 



28 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

xyHyx cypaT^a MarnyGmnra ynpaAHJiap. By KyH apaGnap TapHXH^a 
Oopcnap ycTHAaH fojihG GyjiHHraH 3Hr Ghphhhh KyH 6yjin6 kojiah. 
YuiGy BOKeta 3ca Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM 
TyFHjiHinjiapHAaH 03rHHa Baicr yTran coahp GynraH sjxa. 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM Hfiec h6h K^oGnca 
bojihh GynraHHAaH 8 oh yTran TyrnjiraH 3AHJiap. 

Kncpo HfiecAaH KeiiHH X,HHpara 6np (J)opc OAaMHH xokhm 3th6 
TaHHHjiaAH. Mhjioahh 632- iiHJira Kejni6 MyjiK aHa JIaxM 
xoHaAOHHra KairrAH. YnapAaH Matpyp jiai^aGH GnnaH TaHHjiraH 

MyH3Hp HCMJIH 6np OAaM BOJIHH GyjIAH. YHHHr BOJIHHJIHrH 8 OHAaH 

ouiMan, Xojiha h6h BajiHA p. a. MycyjiMOHjiap acxapn GnnaH KyiiiHH 
topthG KejIAH. 

LUoMflarM MyjiK 

K^aGHjiajiap KyH-Kyn 6yjin6, apa6nap TyjiKHHjiaHHG TypraH 6np 
nairrAa K^ota ypyrnapii IIIom TenajiiiKjiapiira 6opn6 
acoHjiauiAHJiap. Ynap CajiHHx, ii6h XyjiBOH aBjioAJiapiiAaH 6yjin6, 
3y5KOi.aMa iicmii GiuiaH BaHy 3iDKi>aM ii6h Caniiiix, apaGnapii xaM 
yjiapAaH SAiuiap. PyMjiHKjiap ynapHii caxpo apaGnapii 
Ky3FajiHuiHAaH xhmoa CH(J)aTHAa Ba Oopcnapra Kapinii 6np xyn 
6yjin6 Typiimjiapii ynyH yjiapHHHr y3jiapiiAaH 6np noAiiiox, 
TaHHHjia6 KyfiraH sjxa. CyHr 6np Hena iiiijijiap AaBOMiiAa MyjiK 
yjiapHHHr KyjiiiAa GyjiAii. YjiapHHHr 3Hr Mainxyp noAiiiojiapiiAaH 
6npn 3afieA h6h X,a6yna 6yjin6, yHHHr xyKMpoHjiiirii MiuiOAHiiHr 
II- acpii GouijiapHAaH 6ouuia6, Tai<;pii6aH my acp oxiipjiapiirana 
AaBOM 3TraH. YjiapHHHr xyKMpoHjiiirii FaccoH xoHaAOHii 
aBjiOAJiapn IIIoMra Kejin6, Syacotaivia K;a6iijiaciiAaH ycTyH 6yjin6, 
yjiapHH MarjiyG 3TiyHjiapnra KaAap AaBOM stah. 3hah PyMjiHKjiap 
IIIom apaGnapii ycTHra FaccoH xoHaAOHii at30JiapHAaH noAino 
TaiiHHjiaG KyiiflH. ,ZI,aBMaTii )KaHAaji yjiapHHHr 3Hr Kaira maxapii 
GynraH. FaccoHiiiijiap PyM iioaiiiocii TOMOHiiAaH KyiiiijiraH 
aMajiAopjiap cnc[)aTii GiuiaH xyKivmopjiiiKAa AaBOM STAiuiap. Ynap 
x,HacpHH 13 - caHaAarn ilpMyic BOKetaciira KaAap xyKMHii KyjiAaH 
GepMaii xejiAHJiap. By BaKira Kejin6 yjiapHHHr oxnprH mojihkh 
)Ka6ajia h6h Aiix,aM HcnoMra 6yiicyHAH. By BOKeta aMHpyji - 
MytMHHHHH Yiviap h6h X,aTTo6 3aMOHjiapHAa pyii 6epAH. 



X,H»co3/iarH MyjiK 



29 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Hcmohji anaiixHCcajiOM Maxxa paxGapjinrn Ba EairryjijioxHHHr 
BOJiHHjiHrHHH xaerjiapHHHHr oxHpHrana y3Jiapn 6oniK;apH6 
xejiAHJiap. Hcmohji anaiixHCcajiOM 137 emjiapHAa Ba(J)OT STAHJiap. 

YHAaH KeHHH HKKH yFJIH K^HAOp Ba HoGhT KeTMa-KCT eKH aKCHHHa 

Ho6ht Ba K^aHAop GoiiiKapuG kcjiah. YnapAaH kchhh 6onn<;apyB 
TH3rnHH 6o6ojiapH Mh303 h6h Amp 5KypxyMHHHHHr Kyjinra yTAH. 
niyHAafi k;hjih6, 6oniK;apyB 6o6ojiapHHHHr Kyjrara yraG, yHHHr 
KyjiHAa AaBOM 3tah. TapHH Hcmohji ajiaiixHCcajiOMHHHr Gonajiapn 
KyjiiiAa x,yKM GyjiMacaAa xajiK opaciiAa ynapHiiHr OTanapii 
EairryjuioxHH KypraH GynraHii ynyH y3rana 6np 3xnipoMra sra 
SAHJiap. OpaAaH iiiijijiap yTii6, Hcmohji ajiaiixHCcajiOMHHHr 
aBjioAJiapn Huijiapn 3cra ojiHHMaiiAHraH AapaacaAa 3aH(J)jiauiH6 
6opap 3ah. XaTro 5KypxyM 6oniK;apyBH xaM ByxTaHaccap hhktiihh 
ojiAHAaH acyAa KyHCH3JiaHH6 kctah. Yuia AaBpAaH 6omjia6 
AAHOHHiijiapHHHr cnecaTH K)jiAy3JiapH MaKKa ocMOHHAa Hyp cohh6 
acHjiojiaHa GouuiaAH. ByHra sea ByxTaHaccapHHHr 3oth Hp^a 
apaGnapra KHjiraH x,yacyMH AajiHJi GynraHAH. By ypyuiAa 
apaGnapHHHr ko^hah 5KypxyMAaH GyjiMaii, 6ajiKH 
AAHOHHHjiapHHHr y3JiapHAaH GynraHAH. 
ByxTaHaccapHHHr hkkhhhh 6opa KHjiraH (m. 587- caHa) x,yacyMH 
AaBpn^a AAHOHHHjiap ilMaHra TapK;ajiH6 iceTAHjiap. 

BapMHex,HHHa6HH HcponjiHii coxhGh Eapxae MataAHH IIIoMra 
ojih6 xeTAH. ByxTaHaccapHHHr 6ochm Tai.3HK;jiapH nacaiiraHHAaH 
cyHr MataA Maxxara K;aiiTH6 KejiAH. Y Maxxara xejinG, 5KypxaM 
h6h )KajixaMaAaH y3ra 5KypxyMAaH 6ynraH 6npoH khuihhh 
TonMaAH. MataA yHH y3 k;h3h MytOHara HHKOx,jia6 ynjiaHTHpnG 
KyiiAH. MytOHa 5KypiiiaMra yrjin ra33opHH Tyrn6 6epAH. YHAaH 
KeiiHH 5KypxyMHHHr MaKKaAarn 6onn<;apyBH eMOHjiauinG, 
axBOJUiapn TaHraauia GouuiaAH. Ynap Maxxara TauipntJ) 
Gyiopranjiapra 3yjiM KHjia GouuiaAH. KatGaHH MOJuiapHHH xanoji 
caHaii GouuiaAH. By nuijiap sea AAHOHHHjiap Fa3a6nHH KysraraG, 
yjiapHH Ha<J)paTjiaHTHpap sah. 

Xysota Mappn 3axpoHra kcjihG TyuinG, AAHOHHiuiapHH 
5KypxyMra HHcGaTaH GyjiraH Ha(J)paTjiapHHH Kypran, Aahoh 
ypyrjiapn GyjiMHiii, BaHy Eaicp h6h A6Ay MaHO(J) h6h KnHOHa 
epAaMHAa 5KypxyMra KapuiH ypyui GouuiaAH Ba yjiapHH MaKKaAaH 



30 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KyBuG HH^apuG, Maxxa xyKMpoHjiHrHHH y3 Kynnra ojiah. By 
BOKetanap MHjioAHHHr II- acpn ypTanapHAa GyjinG yTAH. 

)KypxyM K;a6HjiacH MaKKaHH Tapx 3th6 xeTap 3icaH, 3aM-3aM 
KyAyrnra 6np Hena Hapcajiapiui TauuiaG, yiui KyM#H Ba ypHinui 
TeKHCJiaG Kyiiiiumii. 

H6h Hcx,OK;AaH KHjiiiHraH piiBOjrrra Kypa: 
"Amp ii6h X,opnc h6h M11303 )KypxyMiiii KatGa onAHAarii 
onTHHAaH acanraH hkkh khhhk x,aHKanHHH HHK,apH6, x,ap hkkhchhh 
3aM-3aM KyAyrura KyMH6, y3H GnnaH 6npra GynraH )KypxyMHH.jiap 
GnjiaH GnpranHKAa ilMaH TOMOHra nyji onAHJiap. Maxxa 6ouiK,apyBH 
Ba yHHHr Tacappy(J)H KyjinapHAaH KeTraHHra K,aTTHK x,a(J)a 
Gyn^Hjiap. Amp 6y x,ai<;Aa KyHHAarnjiapHH metp khjihG 6htah: 

J(ajfcyndaH CcKpozana 6up cyx,6amdoui dyjijuadu. 
MaKKada x,cim 6upoH x,aMdapd dyjuuadu. 
J(a, 6u3 MaKKa ayjiu dymanduK, cympa 6u3hu, 
Tywiapy mav^dup x,oducomnapu y epdcrn uupoi^ i^ujidu. 
Hcmohji ajiaHx,HccajiOMHHHr 3aMOHnapn MHjioAAaH 20 acp 
ojiahhiti AaBpnapra TyrpH KejiaAH.yjiapHHHr MaxxaAa auiafi 
GouijiaraH AaBpnapHra TaKpnGaH 21 acp GyjiaAH. yjiapiuiHr 
Maxxara xyRMpomiiiK AaBpnapii 20 acp aTpoc[)iiAa AaBOM 3Traii. 
My3ap K,a6iijiajiapiira ynTa Ba3iic[)a x,ai^ 6yjiraH 3-ah. 

EHPHHHHCH: OAaMjiapmi Apo(J)aTAaH My3Aajinc[)ara 
6offlK,apnm Ba MiiHOAaH toui othui KyHH^a x,oacHjiapra H>K03aT 
Gepnui. YuiGy MaHca6ra Hnec h6h My3ap ypyraapHAaH 6ynraH 
FaBC h6h Myppa srajiHK KiuiapAH. Ma3Kyp aMan "CyB(J)a" Ae6 
HOMjiaHap 3ah. ByHHHr MatHOCH -H»co3aT 6epyB- GyjinG, mairroHra 
toui MapocHMHAa CyB(J)a OAaMjiapiiAaH 6np kiiuiii toui otiiuihii 
6ouuia6 GepMaraiuiHa 6ouiK,a OAaMjiap toui OTa ojiMac SAunap. 
X,oacnjiap uiaiiTOHra toui othui aManiiAaH Gyuiaran, MiiHOAaH 
K;y3Fajinui nora^a CyB(J)a OAaMjiapii aK,6aHiiHr hkkh neKKacHHH 
3rajuiapAHJiap. Ynap yTMaryiuiapirqa x,en KHMra Ky3Fajnimra pyx,caT 
GyjiMacAH. Ynap yraG Gyjiran, OAaMjiapra iiyji onnjiapAH. 

CyB(J)a ax,jiJiapH HHK;Hpo3ra K)3 TyTran, 6y aMajiHH ynapAaH TaMHM 
ypyrnapHAaH GyjiraH BaHy CatA h6h 3aiiA Mepoc k;hjih6 ojiah. 



31 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HKKHJWHCH: Haxp (KypGoHjiHic) KyHH TOHrHAa acaivuiaHraH 
OAaMjiapHH MnHora ojihG 6opHin. By aMan BaHy Aaboh 
KaGHjiacHAa GynraH. 

yHKBWHCH: HHcaty Amxypyn XypyM (5tbhh ypym xapoM 

KHJIHHraH OHJiapHH KeHHKTHpHUI, 5TBHH yHH 60UIK;a OHra KyHHpHUl). 

YuiGy aMan KnHOHaAaH GynraH BaHy TaMHM h6h Aahh KyjiHAa 
6ynraH. 

Xy30t>a K;a6HjiacHHHHr Maxxara xyKMpoHUHrH 300 hhji asbom 
stah. yjiapHHHr x,yKMpoHjiHrH AaBpH^a AAHOHHHjiap HaacAra, 
HpoK aTpo(J)jiapHra Ba EaxpaiiHra Tapi<;a6 KeTAHjiap. Maxxa 
aTpo(J)HAa 3ca KypamiiAaH GynraH ypyrnap k;ojih6, ynap xaM y3 
KaBMjiapH 6ynraH BaHy KnHOHaAaH aacpanraH, TapKOK xpnAarn 
xoHaAOHjiap 6ynraH. 
Jsycafi h6h KhjioG KenryHra KaAap ynapra Ha MaKica Huijiapn Ba Ha 
BaHTyjinox, HiiuiapHAaH 6npoH yjiym HacnGa TerMaraH sah. 

Kycaii xajin OHacn Garpn^a ryAaiuiHrH HOFHAae^ OTacn Bacjxrr 
3th6, OHacn BaHy Y3pa KaGnjiacHAaH GynraH PoGnnta h6h 
XapoMra TypMymra HHK;aAH. 3pn yHH IIIom aTpo(J)HAa 6ynraH y3 
iopTHra ojih6 KeTaAH. K^ycaH yjiFannG HHnrr Gynran, Maxxara 
KairraG KenaAH. Yuia nairrAa Maxxa xokhmh Xy30t>aAaH 6ynraH 
XajiHji h6h XaGama sah. Kycaii XajiHjiHHHr k;h3h Xy66oHHHr 
KyjiHHH cypa^H. XajiHji Ba yHHHr xothhh 6yHra po3H GyjiHiiiAH. 
XajiHji Ba(J)OT 3Tran, Xysota GnnaH J^ypanui ypTacHAa ypym hhk;ah. 
Ey ypy m oxnp OKHGaT KycaHHHHr Maxxa Ba XapaMra xokhm 
GyjiHinnra ojihG xenAH. YuiGy ypym caGaGnapn xai<;HAa yn xhji 
Phbo^t MaBacyA GynnG, ynapAaH: 

1. K^ycaHHHHr Gonajiapn KynannG, MOJiy-AyHecn ouih6-touih6, 
KaiTa o6py-3tTH6op Tonran Ba XajiHji Ba(J)OT 3Tran, y y3HHH BaHy 
Eaicp Ba XysotaAaH Kypa Maxxa Ba Kat6a HuinapHHH 6oiiiK;apHiiira 
MyHOcnGpoic; Ba xaiqinpoK p,e6 GnnaAH. Kypamii sea Hcmohji 
aBjiOAJiapHHHHr capAopnapn Ba acji30AanapHAHp. y Kypanm Ba 
BaHy KnHOHaAaH GynraH 6np Hena KHuinjiap GnnaH Xy30ta Ba BaHy 
BaxpHH MaxxaAaH HHK;apH6 K)6opHui xai<;HAa rannaiiiAH. ynap 
6yHra po3H GynnG KejinuiaAHJiap. 

2. XysotanHKnap (JmKpnra Kypa, XajiHji Kat6aHHHr Huijiapn Ba 
MaxaHH 6ouiK;apyBHHH Kycaiira Bacmrr KHjiraH. 



32 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

3 . XajiHji KatGa HiiuiapH 6oiiiK;apyBHHH k;h3h Xy66ora GepraH Ba 
yHra A6y FaGuiOH Xy30i>HHHH BaKHji 3th6 TaHHHjiaraH. A6y 
FaGuiOH 3ca Xy66oHHHr HonG-BaiouiH CHc[)aTHAa Kai.6a 
xH3MaTjiapHHH GoinKapnG KenraH. XajiHji Ba(J)OT 3Tran sea, K^ycaH 
A6y FaGuiOHAaH Kat6a 6oiiiK;apyBHHH 6np Mem mapo6 3Ba3Hra 
coth6 onraH. Xy30t.jiHK.j1ap 6y caBAora po3H GyjiHiiiMaraH Ba 
JsycaHHH 6y HiiiAaH TycMOKHH GynraHjiap. K^ycaH x,aM y3 HaBGaTHAa 
Jsypafiui Ba BaHy KnHOHaAaH GyjiraH OAaMjiapHH hhfh6, ynap 
GnnaH BaHy Xy30i>aHHHH MaxxaAaH HHK,apH6 foGopmii x,aKHAa 
rannauiraHAH. Ynap 6yHra po3H GyjinmraH. 

K)K;opHAarH ca6a6napAaH K,aH 6npH GyjiMacHH, XajiHji Ba<J)OTHAaH 
cyHr CyB(J)a axAJiapn HjirapHAaH khjihG KenraH HimiapHHH GaacapnG 
TypraH 6np nairrAa, Kycaii KnHOHa Ba KypaniiiAaH GyjiraH OAaMjiap 
6miaH AK,6a ojiAHra Keim6 ynapra: 

"Bh3 6y Huinapra CH3JiapAaH Kypa x,aiqiHpoKMH3", - achah. 
IIIyHAa ynap ypTacHAa ypyui hhkh6 KeTaAH. K^ycaH yjiapHHHr 
KyjinapHAarH Hapca (jitHH aMaji)jiapHHH 3ypjiHK GnjiaH topthG 
ojiah. Xysota Ba BaHy EaicpAaH GyjiraH CyB(J)a axAJiapn IfycaHAaH 
neKHHAHjiap. K^ycan ynapHH TatKnG khjihG 6opn6 ypymra 
HOFjiaHAH. Hkkh opaAa uiHAAaTjiH TyKHamyB coahp GyjiAH. Xap 
hkkh Tapa(J)AaH 6np K,aHHa OAaM yui6y TyKHamyB KypSoHHra 
annaHAH. KeiiHH Gnp-GnpnapKHH cyjix,ra naKHpAHJiap. BaHy 
BaxpAaH 6ynraH iltMap hcmjih 6np OAaMHH cyjix,ra x,axaM 
KHjmHjiap. y : 

- KatGa HimiapHHH Ba MaxicaHH 6omK,apHiiira Kycaii Xy30i>aAaH 
Kypa x,aigiHpoKAHp. KycaiiHHHr TyKKaH KOHJiapn Ba oeic; octh 
KHjiraH HapcanapHHHHr Gapnacn Max,(J)AHp. Ammo Xysota Ba BaHy 
Eaicp TyKKaH KOHJiapnra MatnyM MHKAopAa ahhh GepnjiaAH. 
JsycaHHH Kat6a HiiuiapHra 6oui-k;oui GyjiHiimaH TycHjiMaiiAH, - Aea 
x,yKM HHK;apAH. iltMap yma Kymi IIIaAAOx, AeraH hom ojiah. 

KycaHHHHr Kai.6a Ba Maxxara bojihh GyjinuiH MnjiOAHKHr V- 
acpn ypTajiapnra jtbhh 440 - HHjijiapra Tyrpn KenaAH. IIIyHAan 
khjihG, MaKKa xyKMpoHJiHni TyjiHK; KycaiiHHHr, KeiiHHHajiHK 
KypaiiiiiHHHr Kyjinra yTAH. K^ycan BaHTyji XapaMHHHr pancnra 
anjiaHAH. !3Ca3HpaHHHr 6apna HOx,HajiapHAaH apaGnap yHHHr 
x,y3ypnra sjihh K)6opap 3AHJiap. 



33 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KycaHHHHr MaicicaAa aManra omnpraH HiiijiapH: 
Hop aTpo(J)ra cohhjihG KeTraH KaBMHHH Maxxara acaivuiaAH. 
YnapHH TypT KHCMra TaKCHM khjihG, KypaniiiAaH GynraH xap 6np 
KaBMHH y3JiapHra TerHimiH GynraH aconjiapra acoHjiaiiiTHpAH. 
Hacta, Ojih Ca(J)BOH, Aahoh Ba Myppa h6h AB(J)jiapra y3JiapHra 
TerumjiH 6ynraH MaHcaGnapHH aHHK;jia6, Kapop HHK;apAH. HyHKH y, 
6y HapcanapHH y3rapTHpn6 6yjiMac 6np ahh p,ea xncoGjiap sah. 

Kycaii KatGaHHHr ihhmoji TOMOHHAa "flopyH HaABa" MaacjiHCJiap 
ynnra acoc cojiah. By 6hho Kypanm acaMjiaHnG, yH^a TypjiH 
Mactana Ba MyaMMOJiap xan STHjiaAHraH MacnaxaTxoHara afijiaHAH. 
YuiGy 6hho Kypaniii opacHAa xoc (J)a3HjiaTra 3ra SAH.HyHKH y 
GnHOAa K^ypaHiiiHHHr GnpnHrH Ba MymKyjiOTjiapHHHHr ry3aji chhmh 
y3 H(J)OAacHHH Tonap 3ah. K^ycaHHHHr paHCJiHK Ba caHHHAJiHK 
MaH3apanapH KyHHAarn KypHHHmjiapra sra 3 ah: 

1 - "fl,opyH HaABa" (napjiaMeirr) pancjiHrH. Yjiap 6y epAa y3apo 
Macjiax,aTjiauiH6 jxyn KenaeTraH MyaMMOJiapHH xan KHjinmap Ba 
KH3JiapHHHHr hhkox, MapocHMjiapHHH my epAa yTKa3Hinap SAHJiap. 

2 - BafipoK;. Ypyuijiap ynyH Gaiipoigiap (J)aK;aTrHHa yHHHr KyjiH 
GnnaH THKHjiap 3 ah. 

3 - X,H»co6aT, atHH KatGaHH x,Haco6jiaui. Kai.6a suiHrHHH (J)aK;aT 
yHHHr y3H onap Ba yHHHr HHHAarn xH3MaT Ba jio3hm lOMymjiapHH 
yHHHr y3H KHjiap 3 ah. 

4 - "CuBOflTyn xaacsc". Ynap x,oacHjiap ynyH 6np Hena 
xoBy3JiapHH cyBra TyjiAHpnG, ynapra MaHH3, xypMO icaGn 
MeBanapAaH cojihG KyHHiiiap sah. Maxxara xenraH OAaMjiap y 
xoBy3JiapAarH cyBAaH HnapAHJiap. 

5 - "PH(J)OAaTyji x,o>k)k". By, x,oacHjiap ynyH TanepjiaHraH TaoM. 
Kycaii Kypaniii axAHra xap hhjih x,aac MaBcyMHAa y3 MOJUiapHAaH 
y3Hra aacpaTHjiaAHraH MatnyM mhkaop cojihk; 6ejirHjia6 KyiiraH 
3AH. y my MaGnaFAaH x,oacHjiap ynyH TaoM TanepjiaTap sah. 
Khmhhkh nyjiH, hmkohhath GyjiMaca, y uiy TaoMAaH TeKHHra ep 

3AH. 

Ma3Kyp HinjiapHHHr xaMMacH KycaHHHHr Tacappy(J)HAa GynraH 
3AH. YHHHr yrjiH A6Ay MaHO(J) J^ycaHHHHr x,aeTjiHrHAaei<; yjiFannG, 
KaBMHHHHr caMHAHra annaHAH. AGAyAAop sea em sah. J^ycan 



34 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

yHra: "MeH ceHH KaBMHHHr onAHra ojih6 HHK,aMaH, ynap ceHH 
cafiHHA Ae6 TaHHiiica 6ac", - acah. 

y Kypanm MacojiHx,jiapHAaH y3Hra TerHimiH 6yjiraH 6apna 
HapcanapHH A6AyMaHO(J)ra BacHjrr khjiah Ba ",H,opyH-HaABa ", 
X,H»co6a, JIhbo (GafipoK; thkhih), Chko>i Ba PH(J)OAajiapHH yHra 
GepAH. K^ycaHHHHr KHjiraH HimiapHra, (JmKpnapura xen khm 

31.THP03 GHJIAHpMaC Ba yHra MyXOJIHC[).JIHK KHJIMaC 3AH. YHHHr 

TyTraH Huijiapn Ba (JjapMOHjiapn xaeTjinrHAajiM, Bac[)OTHAaH KeHHH 
xaM ryeKH sprainHjimiiH jio3hm GynraH Gnp ahh 3ah. Kycaii 
Ba(J)OTHAaH KeHHH yHHHr (J)ap3aHAJiapH huihh xen Gnp hh30- 

TOpTHUiyBCH3 AaBOM 3TTHp AHJiap . JleKHH A6AyMaHO(J) Ba(J)OTHAaH 

KeHHH yHHHr Gojiajiapn aMaKHCH AGAyAAopHHHr (J)ap3aHAJiapH 
GnnaH yui6y MaHcaGnap GopacHAa topthihhG KOJiAHJiap. MaHa uiy 
HH30Jiap Ty(J)aHjiH Kypanm K,a6HjiacHHHHr ax,JuiapH hkkh (Jmpicara 
GyjiHHAH. Ynap ypTacH^a ypyui ojiOBjiaHHuinra 6np 6axa KOJiapAH. 
IIIyHAa ynap 6np GnpjiapHHH cyjix-KejiHiiiyBra HaKHpniiiAH. KeHHH 
ynap MaHca6napHH y3apo TaKCHMjiaiimG ojihihah. 

Chkoat GnnaH PncjjoAaT A6AyMaHO(J) 4)ap3aHAJiapHra TernG, 
"flopyH-HaABa", JIhbo Ba X,H>ico6aT A6AyAAop (J)ap3aHAJiapH 
KyjiH^a kojiah. 

A6AyMaHO(J) 4)ap3aHAJiapH y3jiapHra TeKKaH MaHcaGnapra khm 
3ranHK khjihihh GopacHAa Kypta TamjiaAHJiap. Kypta X,ouihm h6h 
A6AyMaHO(J)ra hhkah. y xaerHHHHr oxHpHrana Chkoat Ba PH(J)OAaT 
MaHca6napHHH 6omK,apAH. X,ouihm Ba(J)OT STraHAaH cyHr 
MaHcaGAopjiHK yHHHr yxacn MyrrojiHG h6h A6AyMaHO(J)ra yTAH. 
yH^aH KeHHH 6y MaHcaGra Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr GoGojiapn A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6 h6h X,ouihm h6h 
A6AyMaHO(J) canjiaHAH. yHHHr Ba(J)OTHAaH cyHr, to Hcjiom 
KejiryHHrana xaM yHHHr Gojiajiapn 6y MaHcaGnapra arajiHK khjihG 
KenAHJiap. Hcjiom fojihG GyjiraH BaKTAa 6y MaHcaG A66oc h6h 
A6AyJiMyrTOJiH6HHHr KyjiHAa 3AH. 

KypaHiii KaGnjiacnra TernuijiH GynraH 6omK,a MaHcaGnap xaM 
6yjin6, ynapHH xaM y3apo TaK,CHMjiaiiiH6 onraH 3AHjiap. X,aTTO ynap 
6y MaHcaGnapHH xyAAH khhhk 6np AaBjiaTna maKjiHAa 
6omK,apHmap 3ah. BouiKana 6np n6opa 6njiaH anrraHAa 6y rye 
khhhk 6np AeMOKpaTHK AaBjiaTra yxma6 KeTapAH. yHHHr MatnyM 



35 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Aonpajiapn Ba xyicyMaTHH TaiiiKHjiOTjiapH GynraH GyjinG, y x,03Hprn 
AaBpHMH3AarH napnaMeHT Aonpa Ba KeHramjiapura yxmapAH. 
K^yiiHAa 6h3 MaHa my MaHca6 maKjijiapHHHHr TapraGjiapHAaH 6np 
naBxa KenTHpaMH3: 

1 - Hficop: jrbHH Kypta GnjiaH (J)oji ohhih ynyH TanepjiaHraH 
"I^haoxh a3JiOM" yKrHaroajiapHra bojihhjihk khjihih MaHcaGn. By 
MaHcaG BaHy )KaMx,Aa sah. 

2 - TaxjKHHpn aMBOJi: Gyrjiapra aTanraH Ha3p, Kyp6oHjiHK Ba 
x,aA^JiapHH TapTHGnaui Ba acaHacany xycyMaTjiapHH xan khjihih. By 
BaHy CaxM^a sah. 

3 - Hlypo: BaHy Aca# KyjiH^a GynraH. 

4 - Auihok;: cojihk; Ba AH&uiap HH30MjiapH. By MaHcaG BaHy 
TafiM Kyjinna sah. 

5 - Yk;o6: 5h>hh K;aBM GanpoFHHH KyTapnui. By MaHcaG BaHy 
yMafia Kyjiiwa 3AH. 

6 - BaKKaT: Mytacicap HH30MjiapH. HlyHHHrneK oxjiHiqiapra 
eTaKHH KyMOHAOHjiHK. By BaHy Max3yM Kyjinna GynraH. 

7 - Ca<J)opaT (3jihhjihk): BaHy Aahh Kynnna GynraH. 

BoiiJKa apa6jiapflan/i 6ouiKapyB 

Aahohhji Ba K^xtohhh KaGnnanapHHHHr x,HacpaTjiapH Ba Apa6 
AHepnapHHHHr y3apo TaKCHMnaHHG onHHraHHHH THjira ojih6 yTraH 
3Ahk. YuiGy KaGnnanapnaH X,nnpa 5iK;HHHna GynraHnapn 
X,HHpaAarn apa6 nonnio Ba MOJiHKjiapHra ToGet GynraHnap. 
YnapAaH HIom caxponapnra acoHjiauiraHjiapn FaccoH MOJiHKjiapHra 
To6ei> Gynrannap. JleKHH 6y ToGetnHK HOMHrarHHa GynnG, aManna 
sea yHnan siviac sah. )Ka3Hpa HHicapHCHnarH caxponapna 
auiaHAHraH apa6 KaGnnanapn TyjiHK; cboa Gynrannap. 

Acji x,ai<;HK;aTAa sea, apa6 KaGnnanapHHHHr xap Gnpn y3 
6ouiJiHK;jiapHHH y3napH TaHnaHnHraH GynnG, ^aGnnara ynap 
Gouihhjihk KHjiapAH. X,ap 6np KaGnna y3 xpnnna khhhk 6np naBnaT 
GynnG, yHHHr cnecnn GnpnnrHHHHr acocn acaGiraT (KaBMHHjiHK) 
GnpnnrH Ba ep (BaTaH)HH xhmoa k;hjih6, yHra nyuiMaH 
GynraHJiapHHHr TaacoBy3HHH nac[)i> KHnHiimarH xaMicopnHKnaH 
n6opaT GynapAH. 

K^aGHjia GomnHigiapHHHHr y3 K;aBMH opacnnarH Aapaacanapn 
noAinox,jiap napa^KacHneic GynnG, KaGnna thhhjihk Ba ypyui 



36 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

x,ojuiapHAa KaGnna GomjiHiqiapHHHHr (JmKpura ToGet GynapAH. 
X,ap KaHAafi xpima xaM KaGmia GoinjiniqiapHAaH ncr^a KOJiHHMac 

3AH. y X,yKM HHK;apHUI Ba yHH 5KOpHH KHJIHIHAa KyApaTjiH AHKTaTOp 

AapaacacHAa GynapAH. X,aTro KaGmia GomjiniqiapHAaH 6npn 
Fa3a6jiaHca, yHHHr 6njiaH 6npra MHHrjiaG k;hjihh KyrapraH KHuiHjiap 
xaM Fa3a6naHap 3-ah. KynnHna 6y KenHuiMOBHHjiHK Ba 6np- 
Gupjiapura ra3a6 KHjiumjiap aMKHBaHHanap opacnAa GynapAH. 

K^aGroia GomjiHiqiapHAarH H(J)THxop (atHH MeH ceHAaH KaMMn) 
Myco6aK;acH aMaKHBaHHanap ypTanapnAa AaBOM 3th6, 6y ynapHH 
AOhmo OAaMjiap GnjiaH Mypoca KHjinmra naKupapAH. By H(J)THxop 

KyjIH-OHHKJIHK, MeX,MOHAyCTJIHK, CaXOBaT, XajIHMJIHK, IHHJKOaT 

KypcaTHin, op-HOMyc xhmojich icaGu xncjiaTjiapAa GynuG, 
OAaMjiapHHHr opacHAa khm Kyn MaicroBra ca30Bap GyjiniiiH MyxHM 
pon yiiHap 3ah. XoccaTaH moupjiap yma 3aMOHAa KaGmia thjih 
x,HCo6naHH6, ynapHHHr AapaacanapH (J)axpjiaHyBHHjiap 
AapaacacHAaH k>k;oph GynapAH. CaMnAJiap Ba pancjiapHHHr xoc 
xyKyiqiapn GynuG, ynap: 

1 - FaHHMaTjiapAaH TypT^aH Gupn. 2 - Ca(J)HH, 5tbhh pane 
raHHMaT TaKCHMOTHAaH ojiahh y3H ynyH TatuiaraH Hapcacn. 3 - 
HauiHHTa, 5n>HH TaKCHMjiain MaiiAOHHra eraG GopnuiAaH ojiahh 
pancra TeKKaH Hapca. 4 - <Py3yji, TaKCHivmaH opTn6 KanraH, 
acaHrHHjiapra GynuG Gepum hmkohh GyjiMaraH Tya Ba ot icaGu 
Hapcanap. EynapmiHr Gapnacn KaGmia GomjiHigiapHHHHr xaiqiapn 
GynapAH. 

CnecnPi ax,Bon 

K)K;opHAa apa6 xoKHMjiapn xai<;HAa cy3 k>phtahk. 3hah sea 
ynapHHHr cuecuM axBOJiJiapn xai<;HAa cy3 k>phthih (J)ypcaTH xenAH. 
BeroHanapra KyiiiHH GynraH yn yjiicaHHHr chcchh axBOJin aohmo 
x,opjiHK, TyGaHjiHKAa GynuG, acno yH^aH ouiMacAH. OAaMjiap 
caHHHAJiap Ba Kynnap, xpKHMjiap Ba MaxxyMjiapAaH nGopaT 
GynapAH. 

CaMHAJiap acocaH 6eroHa-aacHa6HHjiapAaH GynuG, 6apna 
HHFHjiaAHraH cojihk; Ba acapuManap ynapra Kenap, HHFHjiaAHraH 6y 
cojiHiqiap 3ca Genopa xajiK-Kyjijiap 3HMMacHra TymapAH. Ahhkpok 
k;hjih6 aihraHAa xajiK skhh-thkhh, 3HpoaT Ba nopBa GnjiaH 
uiyFyjijiaHHG, TonraH AapoMaA MaxcyjiOTjiapHHH x,yKyMaTjiapra 



37 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

ToniHupapAHJiap. XyKyMaTHHjiap sea 6y MaGnarjiapHH xnpcy 
x,aBOJiapHHH KOHAHpHin ynyH aHiu-HuipaTra, aca6p Ba 3yjiMy- 
TaacoBy3Jiapra cap(J) STapAHJiap. 

OAaMjiap y3 KypjiHK, OHrcH3JiHKjiapHAa TaGopa TyGaHnainuG, 
3yjiM ynapHHHr xap TOMOHjiapHAaH K;aMpa6 KenapAH. Yjiap 3ca Ha 
6np ihhkoat KHjiHinra Ba Ha Fa3a6jiaHHinra koahp GynapAH. EajiKH, 
Gapna Typnn TyMaH a3o6-yKy6aTjiapra ca6p k;hjih6, acaGpy 
CHTaMjiapHH acHMrHHa ioth6 KenapAH. ,H,HKTaTypa xyKMpoH GynnG, 
xaK-xyKyKJiap oeK-ocTH KHjiHHap 3-ah. MaHa my MaMjiaKaTjiapra 
KyiiiHH GyjiraH KaGnjianap capcoH-caprapAOH 6yjiH6, ynapHH 
Typnn rapa3 Ba xoxHiiijiap oth6 yiiHapAH. Ynap roxp HpoK ax,jiHra 
KyuiHjica, roxp IIIom axAHra KyinHjiH6 KeTapAHJiap. )Ka3Hpa 
HHKapncHAarH KaGnjianap axBOJiH MaHa uiyHAan GyFHHjiapn 
y3HjiraH GynnG, yuapra Tapa(J)KauiJiHK, yHcypHH Ba ahhhh 
HXTHjio(J)jiap, TopTHinyBjiap fojihG GynapAH. 

Men jfow my m3uuucmuH? 6up crb30CUMcm, 
zapyno^oK, 6yjica, Men %cw HOx;av;.6yjiu6, 
Tyspu iiyjida dyjica, 6ujiuhz Men ^aju myzpu uy/ida. 

ynapHHHr hcthkjiojih xai<;HAa KaHFypaAHraH Ha 6np noAinocH 
eKH khhhhhhjihk naHTjiapHAa MypoacaaT KHjiaAHraH Ha 6np 
MapKa3JiapH 6op 3 ah. 

Ammo Xh>ko3 xyxyMaTH 6yHAafi 3Mac sah. Apa6nap ynapra 
H33aT- sxrapoM Ha3apH Hjia KapauinG, ynapHH y3jiapHHHHr 
eTaKHHnapn Ba ahhhh MapKa3JiapHHHHr xoAHMjiapn p,e6 Gnnap 
3AHJiap. By xyicyMaT xaKHKaTaH xaM x,yKMHH, AyneBHH 
eTaKHHjiHKHH Ba ahhhh pax6apjiHKHH KymnG yuinap sah. Apa6nap 
opacHAa pax,6apjiHK homh GnnaH xyKM cypn6, XapaM Ba yHHHr 
aTpo(J)jiapHAarH apaGjiapmi xyxyMaT CH(J)aTHAa 6ouiK;apH6 xenapAH. 
BaHTyn XapaMra TampHCJ) 6yiopraHjiapHH 6ouiK;apH6, HGpoxHM a.c 
uiapnaTjiapH GnnaH xyKMjiapHH acopHH i^Hjiap sah. ByHHHr ynyH 
yHHHr xoc AOHpa-TauiKHjiOTjiapH GynnG, K>K;opHAa airraG 
yTKaHHMH3AeK, y napjiaMenr AonpanapHra yxma6 KeTapAH. JleKHH 
6y xyxyMaT yui6y K>KjiapHH KyrapHiii ynyH 3an(J) sah. By 3aH(J)jiHK 
anHHKca xaGauiJiap x,yacyM KHjiraH KyHjiapaa «k;k;oji KypHHnG 
KOJIAH. 



38 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Apa6/iapfla AMHjiap 

ApaGnapHHHr KynHHjiHK k;hcmh Hcmohji ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 
AatBaTjiapHHH K;a6yji k;hjih6, ymiHr crracH HGpoxHM 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr AHHjiapHra spramraH 3ah. Ynap Ajijioxhh 
ejiFH3 6hjih6, yHra nGoAaT KHjimiiap, atHH H6pox,HM 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr AHHjiapH GnjiaH AHHjiaHraH SAHjiap. OpaAaH 
3aMOHjiap yTH6 apaGnap y3JiapHra 3CJiaTMa k;hjih6 GepHjiraH 
HapcanapAaH Kyn xnccacHHH yHyraG K>6opAHJiap. XaTTO ynapAa 
H6pox,HM ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr AHHHAaH (J)aK;aTrHHa TaBXHA Ba 6np 
Hena pacM-pycyMjiap kojiah xojioc. 

Xysota K;a6HjiacHHHHr pancn Amp h6h Jlyxan OAaMjiapra 
axuiHjiHK khjihui, caAai<;a-3x,C0Hjiap khjihui Ba ahh HiiijiapHra 
xapHCJiHK Ka6n 6yK)K xHCJiaTjiap MyxHTHAa ycn6 yjiraHAH. 
OAaMjiapAa yHra HncGaTaH Myxa66aT nanAO 6yjiAH. XaTTO ynap 
Amp h6h JlyxaHHH 6yK)K onHMjiapAaH Ba cjdcbhji aBjinejiapAaH AeraH 
ryMOH 6miaH yjiyraaH GouiJiaAHJiap. CyHrpa y HIoMra ca(J)ap khjiah 
Ba y epAarnjiapHH Gyrnapra nGoAaT KHjiaeTraHjiapHHH KypAH. y 
IIIom naiiFaMGapjiap k>6ophjih6, KHroGnap hcbhji GynaAHraH iopT 
GynraHH ynyH xaM ynap CHFHHHiiiaeTraH ahh xai^ Gynca xepax p,e6 
yfijiaAH Ba 6y yHra MatKyn 6yjiAH. Amp y epAaH Xy6aji homjih 6np 
6yT x,aHKanHH y3H GnnaH 6npra ojih6 KennG, yHH Kai.6a nnnra 
acoHjiauiTHpAH. MaKKa axAHHH Ajinoxra uiepHK KHjiHiiira HaKHpAH. 
By OAaMjiapra ck;h6, Aapxpn yHH K;a6yji KHjiAHjiap. CyHrpa Xh>ko3 
MaMjiaxaTH ax,jiH Maiuca axAHra sprama 6om.jiaAH.jiap. HyHKH ynap 
MaKKanHKjiapHH XapaM ax,jiH Ba KatGaHHHr x,oacajiapH #e6 
GnjiHinap 3AHjiap. 

ApaGnapHHHr 3Hr KaAHMrH GyrjiapHAaH Gnpn MaHOT GynnG, y 
JsH3hji AeHrH3 cox,HjiHAarH K^aAHAra 5ik;hh GynraH Myuijiaji AeraH 
acofiAa GyjiraH sah. yHAaH cyHr ToH(J)Aa JIothh y3JiapHra hjiox, 
k;hjih6 onAHJiap. 



39 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Haxna BOAHHCHAarHjiap Y330HH hjiox, p,e6 curatm GomjiaAHjiap. 
MaHa my ynnajia 6yT apaGjiapHHHr 3Hr KaTra GyT-caHaMjiapn 
6ynraH. KeHHHHajiHK mnpic xaM, GyTjiap xaM KynaHuG KeTAH. 
X,Haco3HHHr xap 6np GypnaKjiapHAa 6yT-caHaMjiap ypHaTHjiAH. Amp 
h6h JIyx,aHHHHr aaiHAaH GyjiraH 6np (Jmicp GepyBHHCH GyjiraHjinrH 
THjira onHHaAH. KyHjiapHHHr Gupufla y AMpra Hyx, ajiafixHCcajiOM 
KaBMHHHHr GyT-caHaMjiapn 6yjiraH "BAJIR', "CYBOT)", "^FYC", 
"iH>yK;" Ba "HACP" homjih GyTjiapn )KHAAa maxpura Aa(J)H 
3THjiraHjiHrHHH xaGapuHH GepaAH. Amp y epra 6opn6, ynapHH 
KaBjiaiTHpaAH Ba TuxpMara ojih6 KejrrapaAH. 

X,aac MaBcyMH GomjiaHraHHAa y caHaMjiapHH KaGmiajiapra 
TaKCHMjiaG 6epAH. Ynap 6y 6yT-caHaMjiapHH y3 lopTjiapura ojihG 
xeTAHjiap. IIIyHAaH k;hjih6 xap 6np KaGroiaAa, KeHHHHajiHK xap 6np 
xoHaAOHAa GHTraAaH 6yT naHAO GyjiAH. OAaMjiap MaoKHAH 
XapaMHH 6yT-caHaMjiap 6miaH TyjiAHpAHjiap. 

Pocynyjijiox, cajijiajijioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM MaKKaHH (J)aTx, 
KHjiraH HOFjiapHAa Kat6a aTpo(J)HAa 360 Ta 6yT 6op 3 ah. 
Pocynyjijiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM ynapHH KaMOHjiapn 
GnnaH HHKraG caHHHH GomjiaAHjiap, myHAa ynap k>3 Ty6aH epra 
KynaAH. CyHrpa Pocynyjijiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM 
ynapHHHr GapnacHHH Mac>KHAAaH HHK;apH6 eKHG K>6opHinra 
GyropAHjiap. 

IIIyHHHrAeK iimpx Ba caHaMjiapra nGoAaT khjihih GyTnapacTjiHK- 
5koxhjih5it ax,jiHHHHr ahhh MaroapajiapHAaH 3Hr KaiTacHra 
afijiaHAH. 

By GyTnapacTjiap sea y3JiapnHH HGpoxHM ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 
AHHHAa SKaHjiHKjiapHHH AatBO KHnap 3AHJiap. ApaGnapHHHr 
caHaMjiapra CHFUHumjiapHAa 6np KaHHa TaiqiHA Ba pycyM- 
MapocHMjiap 6yjra6, yjiapHHHr KynnHH Amp h6h Jlyxaii hxthpo 
KHjiraH 3ah. Ynap Amp yfijiaG HHK;apraH yHAupMajiapHH HGpoxHM 
a.c AHHHra KHpirrajiraH ysrapTHpum 3Mac, 6ajiKH GnAta™ xacaHa 
Aea ryMOH KHjiap SAHJiap. 

ApaGnapHHHr caHaMjiapra 6yjiraH nGoAaTjiapnAa KyiiHAarH 
MapocHMjiap MaBacyA 6yjiraH: 

1. Ynap 6y 6yT-caHaMjiapra chfhhhG, hjith5ko k;hjih6, k;hhhh 
MauiaKKaTjiHK AaMjiapAa ynapAaH epAaM cypa6, xp:>KaT.jiapHHH paBO 



41 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

ktijiiiihiihii cypa6 Ayo KHjiHinapAH. Ba 6y caiiaMjiap 6ii3hh 
Ajuiox,HHHr xy3ypima uia(J)oaT K,njiaAH Ba cyparaH HapcajiapnMH3Hii 
pye6ra HHK,apaAH - Ae6 3-bTHK.OA K,njiniiiapAH. 

2. Yiira x,aac ktijihihhG, yHH TaBO(J) KTijiiimap Ba yHHHr ojiAHAa 
y3jiapHHH x,op TyTnG, ynapra caac^a K,HjiHinap SAHJiap. 

3. Ynapra TypjiH-TyMaH KypGoHjiHK k,hjih6, y3jiapHHHHr 
aKHHjiHKjiapHHH H3x,opH yjiapoK,, yjiapmiHr HOMjiapHHH aTa6 
acoHjiHKJiap cyjip SAHJiap. MaHa my hkkh iiycHHAa cyiiHjiraH 
x,aHBOHjiapHHHr ryiirrjiapHHH eiiHiimaH Ajijiox Taono y3 icajiOMHAa 
KairrapraH: 

"...ana Synmapea ama6 cyuujiean xfiueowiap (eyiumunu 
ucmebMon kjijiuui) .... " 

(Mon#a: 3 - OHTH/iaH) 

"... Ajuiox,Hiim homu 3UKp KfinuuMozaH Hapcajiapdau 
eMamu3...." (Ahbom: 121). 

4. ByTjiapra Kyp6aT jiktihjihk xochji K,HjiHiiiHHHr TypjiapH^aH 
6npn: Yjiap y3 TaoMjiapn Ba HHHMjiHKjiapHAaH xoc caHaMjiapn ynyH 
MatJiyM 6np yjiyui aacpaTHinap 3AHJiap. IHyHHHrAeic y3jiapHHHHr 
HopBa Ba Aex,K;oHHHjiHKjiapHAaH x,aM MatJiyM 6np yjiyui aacpaTHinap 
3AH. A>Ka6jiaHapjiHCH myicH, yjiap y3 AapoMaAJiapHAaH Ajijiox, ynyH 
x,aM xoc 6np yjiyiimii HHK,apHinapAHJiap. Typjin ca6a6 GaxoHanapHu 
pyxan k,hjihihh6, Ajijiox ynyH aacpaTHinraH yjiyuuiapiiHH xaM 
caHaMjiapnra topthk, KHjimiiap 3-ah. JleKHH caHaMjiapn ynyH 
aacpaTraH yjiyuuiapiiHH Ajijiox ynyH toptiik; KruiHiiiMac 3AHJiap. 

Ajijiox Taono 6y xaKjja Am>OM cypacHHiiHr 136- o^TH^a myHAaii 
AeHflH: 

dji&u u *u- j^i^i J\ typj *jj 6if uj *i)t Jt (j-flj "^i ^-givSj^J oil" 

(136) 

136. (MyuipHKjiap) Ajijiox, ynyH YHHHr Y3H HpaTraH 3khh ea 
HopeajiapaaH 6np yjiyui a>KpaTii6, y3JiapHna: "By Ajijiox, ynyH, 
6y (K,ojiraHn) 3ca 6yTjiapHMH3 ynyH", aeanjiap. 3hah SyTjiapn 
ynyH SyjiraH yjiyui Ajijiox (yjiyuinra) KyiuHjiMaiiflH. Ajijiox ynyH 
SyjiraH yjiyui 3ca SyTjiapnra KymHjiaBepaflH. HaKaaap Smoh 
xyKM MiiKapaflii.iap-a!. <&». 



42 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.u ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

ByTjiapra Kyp6aT akhhjihk xochji KHjiHiimHHr TypnapHAaH 5iHa 
Gnpn: HopBa Ba SKHHjiapAaH 6at3HCHHH caHaMjiap ynyH Ha3p 

KHJIHIHAHp. 

\a'\^> C*J>j?- ?^*jij k g o frjj *^J (V» ?) lgo*V»] 2 j^" <— 'j^J ftol ?j-* (jJllj 

(138) Oj^sij (jJis"Uj i^jj^* 1 *$* fr'jss' ug-LL^ *■"' *-"' ^jj^i ^ f^i 

138. Yjiap y3JiapHna: "MaHa 6y xaiieoH ea 3KHHjiap xapoM, 
yjiapHH (|)aKaT 6h3 xoxjiaraH Kiiuiii.iapniHa (jii>hh 6yTX0Ha 
xH3MaTHHjiapH Ba 3p KHuiHjiaprHHa) eiiflHjiap. By xafiBOHjiapHii 
3ca mhhhui xapoivi Kii.iiinrari. aeflHjiap. Yjiap xaiiBOH.iapHH 
(cyHHuiAa) Ajijiox,HHHr homiihii 3iiKp KHJiMaiiaHjiap, (6ajiKH 
6yTjiapHHHHr HOMnapuHH anraAHjiap Ba MaHa my KHjiMHmjiapHHH 
Ajijiox, aMpH Ae6) Y 30Tra TyxMaT Kii.ia,nn.riap. HKHHfla 6y 
TyxMaTjiapn ca6a6.m yjiapra Y3H »ca30 6epa»caK. 

(Ahbom : 138). 

6. YnapAaH ana 6np Typn "Gaxniipa", "co-bnGa" Ba 
"x,OMHH"jiapAHp. 

CaHA h6h Myca&iG myHAaH achah: 

- "EaxHpa" "con6a"HHHr kh3h GynnG, y 6np yproHH Ty^AHp. 
YproHH Tya 10 Ta KeTMa-KeT kh3 Tyrn6, ynapHHHr opacHAa 
GnpoHTa xaM Hapn GyjiMaca, yHH 030A KynnG K>6opHjiaAH. CyHr 
yHH xen khm MHHMaHAH, HuinaTMaHAH, K>HrHHH xaM ojiMafiAH Ba 
cyTHHH xaM HHMaHAH. OaK,aTrHHa MexMOH yHHHr cyTHAaH hhhihh 
MyMKHH. YHAaH KeHHH 5iHa kh3 Typca, yHH KynoFHHH epn6 Kecn6, 
cyHr OHacH GnnaH 6npra 030A Kynn6 roGopnnaAH. Yhh xaM xyAAH 
OHacH Ka6n khjihhh6, yHAaH xen khm (J)OHAajiaHMacAH. OaK,aT 
MexMOHrHHa yHHHr cyTHAaH hhhihh MyMKHH. Ym6y TyjuiapHHHr 
OHacH "conGa" Ba kh3h "6ax,HHpa" p,e6 HOMjiaHaAH. 

"BacHjia" - cobjihk, Kyii 6yjiH6, KeTMa-KeT 5 Ta srro TyrnG, 
ynapHHHr opacHAa GnpoHra xaM Ky^KopH GyjiMan, Gapnacn kh3 
6ynca, yHH Bacnna KHjinmapAH. IIIyHAa apaGnap "IsOA BAC AHA", 
5h.hh "eTHuinG kojiah", - AeHHinapAH. YHAaH KeHHHrn TyrnnraH 
Ky3HjiapH (J)aK,aT 3pKaKjiap ynyH xajioji, aejuiap ynyH 3ca xapoM 
x,HCo6jiaHapAH. Arap y xoMHjia yjiHK 6ynca, yHH ennui aejuiapra 
x,aM 5koh3 GynapAH. 

"X,omhh" - 3pKaK Tya GyjinG, yHAaH 10 Ta KeTMa-KeT kh3 GyTanoK; 
TyrnjinG, opacHAa GnpoHTa x,aM Hapn 6ynMaca, yHH "x,omhh" p,e6 

43 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmyju ^±^_c^±jH 

aTamuG, yHAaH x,en khm (J)OHAajiaHMac, ymi Tyjuiap opaciira 030fl 
KyiiH6 K)6opHjiap Ba yHAaH (JjaKaTrniia Tyjuiapmi ypHHTHiimarHHa 
(J)OHAajiaHHjiapAH xojioc. YmGyjiap xa^ima Ajijiox, cy6x,aHaxy Ba 
Taono KyHHAarn 05rrjiapHn ho3iiji KHjiraH: 
aSjij^jij iiiiljJij 4j *Ji\ yJi ^jt\ Lij jjy^i\ 4-»Jj f jlHj is~»Jt p^* c-_*jp- 

i>j_J( Oj.L^IJ 1aj«L;*j "^i (t^-£^ <V» Ijjj-" <Si*^ j*^ ?J-i?' (3**^ (*-^^ f *J jfLj 

(3) i-^-j jd^* ^"i &\? »W <Ja)^j> 'Js- HaJjnj> 

3. Cn3Jiapra yjiaKca, koh, TyHFH3 ryuiTH, Ajuiox,aaH SouiKa 
SnpoBHHHr iiyjiHfla cyfimiraH Hapca, SyrnjinS yjiraH, ypn6 
yjiflHpnjiraH, 6a.iaHj >Koii,naH KyJiaS yjiraH, (6ouiK;a 6npoH 
x,aHBOH 6njiaii) cy3HuiH6 yjiraH Ba hhptkhh xaiiBOH THiujiaS 
yjiflnpraH HcomiBopjiap x,apoM km iiihjii. Marap (6y 
acoHHBopnapHH >kohh nuigviacAaH Typn6) cyfinS loSopimira 
yjirypnS KOJiraH Syjicaiirio, x,ajiojiflHp. flua Syrjiapra aTa6 
cyiiHjiraH xaiiBOHjiap (ryiHTHHH hctcbmoji khjiiiih) Ba ((J)oji) 
nynjiapaaH KHCMaraHriOHH cypaiiiHHrH3 (xaM cii3Jiapra xapoM 

KHJIHHAH). 30TaH, 6y HIIIJiapHHrH3 HTOaTCH3JIHKflHp. 

H30X;. Hcjiom Kejiutuudan irnzapu apadnap xap mypmi (poii 
OHUuuiapza Jtcyda 6epujizan adujiap. Ulyjiapdcm 6apa -yjiapmmz 
doiiM emapuda ynma 6up xuji nynnu ojiu6 wpuuuiapu adu. Y 
Hyruiapmim dupuza: "v;ujizuh ", una dupuza "v;ujiMazuH ", de6 6enzu 
KyuumaH, ymmmicuza sea xen Hapca esiuiMazan dyjiapda. K,anoH 
6upoH auimi ado smMOvpu dyjicajiap, yuia nynjiapdan (poii 
cypapdujiap. Hcjiom dyndaii xypocpomjiapmi muh lyUJidu. 

ByryH 3h/jh KO(|)iip SyjiraH KiiMcajiapmiHr cinjiapmi 
fliiHHHnnaaH (HHKapHiiiAaH) yMHfljiapH y3HjiflH. Bac, yjiapaaii 
KypKMaHrH3. MeH/jaH K;ypKHHrH3! ByryH ciojiapra flHHHHrH3HH 
KOMii.i KHjiflHM, HetiviaTHMHH SeHyKCOH, TyKHC k;hjih6 SepflHM 
Ba CH3Jiap ynyH (<J)aKaT) Hcjiomhh ahh k;hjih6 TaHjiaflHM. Bac, 
KiiMKii OHapHHjiHK/ja, ryHOx, TOMOHra OFMaraH x,ojiH/ja (Ma3Kyp 
x,apoM KHjiHHraH HapcanapHH eiiHuira) Ma5K6yp Syjica (Ajijiox, 
Kennpap). 3epo, Ajijiox, Mar^npaTjiH, iviex,pii6oHanp. 



44 



(Mon/ia: 3). 

Ba: 

14-3 *V &H <^!i ^'jj' (j^* fj^fi u J!i^ ^UflJb*- j»l*J^( oJLa Ojlaj ^ U (jllij 

(139) ^4* jta^»" ki ^4^i ^ij^' *^ **? 

139. Yjiap: "MaHa 6y x,aiiBOHjiapHHHr KopnHjiapiiflarn 
Hapcajiap <|)aKaT 3pKaioiapnivin3 ynyHflnp, xoTHHjiapHMiora 3ca 
x,apoMflHp", aeflHjiap. Arap y Hapca (jrbHn xoMHjia) yjiHK Syjica, 
y x,ojiaa x,aMMajiapH ujepiiicnip.iap (jtbhh spicaK-xoTHH 
xaMManapn eHumaBepaAH). H^im/ia SyHflaii (y3JiapnHa xanoji- 
xapoM Ae6) CH^aTjiaraHjiapn ynyii yjiapra Y3H »ca30 6epa»caK. 
AjiSaTTa, y x,HKMaT Ba Shjihm coxn6n/inp. 

(Aitbom: 139). 

YuiGy xaHBOtuiap xa^HAa Ta<J)CHpAa GoinKanapoK xaM aHTHjiraH. 

CatHA m6h Myca&iG 6y xaiiBOHjiap ynapHHHr ToryTjiapH, 5TbHH 
caHaMjiapn ynyH aTanraH 6yjiraHjinrHHH ohhk 6aeH KHjiraH. 

ByxopHHHHHr cax,Hx,HAa Map(J)yi.aH phbojit KHjiHHHuiHra Kypa: 

Amp h6h Jlyxafi "coH6a"jiapHH 030A KySraH 3Hr Ghphhhh OAaM 
6ynraH. ApaGnap 6y aManjiapHHHr xaMMacHHH caHaM 6yTjiapn ynyH 
KHjiap 3AHJiap. Hymen yjiap: CaHaMjiap 6h3hh Ajinoxra 
aKHHjiauiTHpaAH Ba YHHHr xy3ypnAa 6h3hh uia^otaT KHjiaAHjiap, - 
Aea 31.THKOA khjihuih6, ynapHH Bacnjia KHjinmap sah. Ajijiox, 
cyGxaiiaxy Ba Taono 6yHn KyptoHAa uiyHAafi 6aeH Kjuiajw. 

Jjl J\ lij$b % pii£i U *dji Ajji °y> Ijiill ^jJJlj jyJl^il jjIJI aJJ *fl 

3. (3h HHCOHJiap), OrOX, 6yJMHriI3KIIM, XOJIHC flHH SJIFH3 

AjijioxHHKHflHp (atHH ejiFH3 AjuioxrHHa hhh hxjioc 6miaH n6oAaT 
KHjiHHHinra jiohhk; 30TAnp). y 30TflaH y3ra "/rycTjiap"im ("xyflo") 
KH.miS ojiraH Kiiivica.iap: "Bh3 (yma "xyAo"jiapnMH3ra) (|)aKaT 
yjiap 6h3hh Ajuioxra hkhh Kiiniiuifiapii ynyHrHHa nSoaaT 
KHJiypMH3", (Aepnap). IIIaK-iny6x,a iiyKKH, Ajijiox, (KHeMaT 
xyHHAa) yjiap hxthjio^) KHJiaeTraH Hapcajiap xycycnaa 
yjiapHHHr ypTacnaa xyKM KHjiyp. IIIaK-uiySxa iiyKKH, Ajijiox 
Sjifohhh ea KypHaiviaK Kiiivica.iapHii xh^oht Kii.iMac. 

(3yMap: 3). 

BaaHa: 



45 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

(18) 6jS^4 ^ (J^i ^^4^ j^jVi J> % oijisUi ^ iiAi i Uj illt 5j^ii 

18. Yjiap Ajijiox,hh KynnS, y3Jiapnra 3h6h x,aM, (|)0i1aa x,aM 
eTKa3a ojiMaiiflHraH Hapcajiapra nSoaaT Kii.iaan.iap ea: "AHa 
my Hapcajiap Ajijiox, xy3ypHfla SiojiapHimr OKyiOBHHjiapiiMio", 
aeiiflHjiap. AfiTimr: "Ajuiox,ra ocMOHjiap Ba epaarn y 30T 
6n.iiviaiiaiiraH Hapca.iapHii (mepHKjiapHH) 6n.ianpii6 
KyiiMOK;HHMHCH3Jiap?!" Ajijiox, yjiapHHHr (MympHKjiapHHHr) 
uinpK.iapnflaH noK Ba H)KcaK SyjiraH 30Tflnp. 

(K)Hyc: 18). 

ApaGnap nynnap GnnaH (J)oji OHHiuap sah. By nynjiapHH yjiap 
"A3JIOM" #e6 HOMjiamnG, yjiap KaMOH yKH CHHrapn 6yjiH6, opK,a 
TOMaHHAa naTCHMOH Hapcacn GyjiMacAH. A3jiom yn AOHa nyn 
GyjinG, yjiap^aH Gnpnra "HataM" 5h>hh "x,a", iiKKHHHiicnra sea 
"naa" jrbHH "iiyK;" #e6 e3HjiraH 6yjiapAH. Apa6jiap 6npoH Myx,HM 
huihh khjimokhh 6yjicajiap, eKH ca<J)ap, yHjiaHHiu Ba x,aica30, uiy 
nynnapAaH Ghphhh TopTap, arap "HataM" GejirnjiH nyn HHK,ca, 
Ky3naraH huihh KHjinmap, arap "naa" GenrHjiH nyn HHK,KyAeic 
6ynca, 6y huihh my HHjina TyxTaTn6 Typnuiap SAHJiap. Yhkhuh 
uyn^a 3ca x,eu Hapca e3HjiMaraH GynapAH. 

A3JiOMHHHr aHa 6np Typn GyjinG, yH#a x,aM ynTa nyn 6yjin6, 
Gnpn^a "MHHKyM" 5H.HH "cH3JiapAaH", HKKHHHiiCHAa sea "mhh 
FoiipiiKyM" at.HH "cn3AaH y3rajiapAaH" Ba yHHHHucima "MyncaKyH" 
atHH "acpaHAii" #e6 e3njiraH GynapAH. Arap 6npoH KHuiHHHHr 
HacaGu x,aKHAa uihkojit KHjiHHiyAeic 6yjica, yHH Xy6ajiHHHr 
Kouuira ojiiiG 6opnuin6 y GujiaH 6npra 100 Ta >kohjihk; x,aM ojihG 
Gopmiap Ba y jKOHjuugiapiui (J)oji ouyBHH, at.Hn nynnap cox,H6nra 
GepnjiapAH. Oojihh uynnapAaH 6hphhh TopTap, arap "MHHKyM" 
e3yBjiH nyn HHK,ca, y BACHT, jh>hh yjiapHHHr y3JiapHAaH 6yjin6, 
K)K;opH MapTaGajiH OAaM x,Hco6jiaHapAH. Arap "mhh FoiipHKyM" 
e3yBjiH uyn HHK,ca, y HTTH(|)OKHHjiapAaH x,hco6 KHjiHHapAH. Arap 
"Myjicaic;" e3yBjiH uyn HHK,ca, y y3 MapTaGacn K,aHAOK, 6yjica 
uiyHAaiijiHrHHa kojih6, yHHHr Haca6n x,aM, HTTHcljOKHHjiHrH x,aM 
3t.TH6op KHjiHHMacAH. ilHa uiynapra sk;hh GynraH MAHCHP Ba 
IsH,H,OX, AeraH Hapcanap 6yjin6, y KHMopHHHr 6np Typn sah. 
K)K;opHAarH Ka6n (Jjojuiap I^H^OX, TaK,030CHra Kypa, cyiiHjiraH 

46 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

moji, Kyft, 3hkh Ba 6oiiiK;a acoHHBopnap ryiiiTHHH xaM my nyn 
KHAOx,jiap BOCHTacHAa 6yjiHiiiH6 onHiiiap 3AHJiap. 

ApaGnap MyHaacacHM, koxhh Ba 6amopaTHHjiapHHHr xaGapnapnra 
acy^a HiiiOHHiiiap sah. Koxhh Ae6, KenaacaKAarH kohhot 
xaGapjiapHHH Gepnm GnnaH myryjuiaHyBHttJiapra aiiTHjiap sah. 
Yjiap rafiG cup-acpopjiapuHH GHjiHmjiapHHH AatBO KHjiapAHJiap. 

Kox,HHjiapHHHr 6at3HjiapHHHHr KyjuiapHAa ynapra ToGet 6yjiraH 
acHHjiap GyjinG, xaGapnapHH ynapra yma acHHjiap eTKa3HiiiHHH 
aiiTaAHJiap. BatSHjiapn sea, rafiG HjiMjiapHHH y3jiapHra GepnjiraH 
H^THAopjiapH Ty<J)aHjiH, (J)ax,M-(J)apocaTjiapH GnnaH aHrjiamjiapHHH 
AatBO KHnap SAHJiap. YnapAaH 6at3HjiapH ca6a6nap, acopHH 
BOKetanap ok;hmh, AanojiaTjiapH, cypaeTraH OAaMHHHr rannpraH 
ranjiapn Ba KHjiraH HmjiapHHHHr xyjiocacnra K;apa6 HimiapHH 

6HJIHUIJiapHHH aHTHUiaAH. 

YrHpnaHraH Hapca, yrnpnHK coahp 6yjiraH acoii Ba fiyKOJiraH 
Hapcanap KaGnjiapHH Ghjihihhhh AatBO KHjiyBHH KHuiHjiapHH 
"Appo(J)", atHH GauiopaTHH Ae6 HOMjiamapAH. 

MyHaaoKHM - OnaM axBOJin Ba xenaacaKAa coahp 6yjiaAHraH 
x,OAHcanapHH Ghjihui ynyH K>jiAy3JiapHH Ky3aTaAHraH OAaMjiapAHp. 
Yjiap K>jiAy3Jiap xapaKaTjiaHHiiiH Ba ynapHHHr 6othih-hhk;hiiih 
BaKTjiapHHH x,Hco6jiaHAHjiap. MyHaacacHMjiap 6epraH xaGapnapHH 
TacAHiqiaiii, xaKHKaTaH K>jiAy3Jiapra hhmoh KejrrHpHiiiAHp. 
ynapHHHr K)jiAy3Jiapra 6ynraH hhmohh "aHBata" ra 6ynraH 
HHMOHHAHp. Arap eMFHp erca yjiap: -By eiwaH eMFHpHH (J)ajiOH- 
(J)ajiOH K)jiAy3Jiap Grora erAHpAH - AeHHiiiapAH. 
Apa6napAa "TOHHHpa", jtbhh 6np HapcaAaH myMjiaHHiii OAaTH xaM 
6op 3ah. Yjiap GnpoH-Gnp ca(J)ap eKH MyxHMpoK hihhh 
GouiJiaMOKHH Gyjicanap, KHHHKjiap exn Kymjiap TypraH epra 6opn6, 
ynapHH x,aHAapAHJiap. Arap khhhk exn Kymjiap yHr TOMOHra K;apa6 
KOHca e ynca, Ky3jiaraH ca(J)ap exn HinjiapHHH GomjiapAHJiap. HyHKH 
yjiap 6yHH axuiHjiHK p,e6 GHjiapAHJiap. Arap y nan TOMOHra fiyji 
onca, GyH^aH myMjiaHHiiiHG, Ky3jiaraH HinjiapHHH TyxraTap SAHJiap. 
IIIyHHHrAeK iiyjijiapHAaH GnpoH xaiiBOH eiai icym icecnG yrca xaM 
uiyMjiaHHuiap 3 ah. ByHAaH TaiiiKapH yjiap KyeHHHHr ouiHK;-cyarHHH 
xaM och6 lopHinap sah. IIIyHHHrAeK apa6nap 6at3H KyHjiap, onnap, 
x,aHBOHjiap, x,OBjiHjiap Ba aenjiapAaH xaM uiyMjiaHHuiap SAHjiap. 



47 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Yjiap Aabo Ba X,ooMMara s^thkoa KHjiHiiiap 3AHJiap. Aabo - 6np 
eMOHjiHK eKH KacannHKHH iokhihh, HacnAaH Hacnra yTHiiiHAHp. 
X,ooMMa - arap 6np OAaM 6npoB TOMOHHAaH yjiAHpnjiraH 6ynca, 
yHHHr pyx,H to KacAH ojiHHMaryHHna THHHHMaHAH, yHHHr >kohh 
x,ooMMa, jtbhh GofiyFjiHra anjiaHHG, aTpo(J)jiapAa anjiaHHG k>ph6, 
"caAo", "caAo", jtbhh MeHra cyB GepHHrjiap, MeHra cyB GepHHrjiap! 

- Aea Hona k;hjih6, ynnG iopaAH. K^hohkh yHHHr yHH-K;acocH 
onHHraHAaH cyHrrHHa y thhhhG pox,aTjiaHaAH,- #e6 3i>THK;ofl 
KHjiHinapAHJiap. 

)Kox,HjiH5rr ax,jiH MaHa uiyHAan 3i>THK;oAJiapAa 6yjiHuuiapH GnnaH 
6npra, ynapAa H6pox,HM ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr AHHJiapHAaH KOJiraH 
KOJiAHKJiapH x,aM 6op sah. Ynap H6pox,HM ajiaHx,HccajiOMHHHr 
Ahhhhh GyTyHjian Tapx STMaraH GynnG, ynapAa KatGaHH yjiyrjiaui, 
yHH TaBOCJ) khjihui, X,aac, Yivipa, Apacjxrr Ba My3AajiH(J)aAa Typnui, 
acoHjiHKJiapHH K;yp6oHjiHK Ba x,aA^ khjihih Ka6n yp(J)-MapocHMjiap 
caigiaHHG KonraH sah. JIckhh 6y HapcanapAa x,aM GnAtaTjiap 
HXTnpo k;hjih6 onraH SAHJiap. MaHa ynapAaH 6at3HjiapH: 

Kypanm KaGnjiacnra MaHcy6 KHuinjiap: 
- Bh3 H6pox,HM ajiaHx,HccajiOMHHHr (J)ap3aHAJiapH, X,apaM 
ax,juiapH, KatGaHHHr BOJinHjiapn Ba MaKKaHHHr ax,ojiHCHMH3, y3ra 
apaGnapAaH x,en khm 6h3 Ka6n MapTaGa Ba x,ai<;-xyKyK;jiapra 3ra 
SMacAnp, - AeHHinap 3ah. Ynap y3JiapHHH "XyMC" #e6 
HOMjiauinG, - Gronapra X,apaM£aH TaiiiKapHra hhk;hui AypycT 3Mac, 

- achhuihG, Apa(J)OTAa TypmiiMaH, GajiKH My3AajiH(J)aAaH KairraG 
Tyuiap 3AHJiap. Ynap x,ai<;HAa Ajijiox, cy6x,aHaxy Ba Taono KyiiHAarH 

05ITHH H03HJI KHJIflH: 

1>3 jj^Ip ill! h\ ill! tjjiii^tj y&\ Jfi& L^- °y> \£eA p 

199. CyHrpa OflaMjiap TyinraH TOMOHflaH Tyuiimrjiap Ba 
Ajijiox,flaH (ryHOx,jiapHHrH3HH) MarcjmpaT kii.iiiujiihii 
cypaHrjiap! AjiSarra Ajijiox, MarcjmpaT KHJiryBHH, paxMjiiiaiip. 

(Ea^apa: 199). 

BaaHaynap: 

- "X,yMC" ax,jiH 3x,poM KHHraH x,ojuiapHAa nHimiOK 
TanepjiaMOFH, caper spHraG, yHH cy3MOFH, acyH-TyKHMajiapHAaH 
KHjiHHraH yn (HOAHp)jiapra khpmofh Ba coanapAa 
cajiKHHjiaHHinjiapH MyMKHH 3Mac. JleKHH acyAa 3apyp GynraH HOF^a 



48 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

TepHAaH acanraH yH-HOAHpnapAa cajiKHHjiaHAHjiap. Ynap sxpoM 
KHHraH x,ojuiapHAa yui6y KOHAanapra pnoa KHjiaAHJiap, - 
AeHHinapAHjiap. 

- X,apaMAaH TauiKapHAaH x,aac eicn yMpa khjihih ynyH xenraH 
OAaMjiapra y3JiapH GnnaH 6npra nerAaH ojih6 KenraH TaoivuiapHH 
eioiin MyMKHM 3Mac. 

- Yjiap X,apaMAaH nerAaH KenraH OAaMjiapra 6hphhhh 6op kojihG 
TaBO(J) KHjiHuinapHAa (J)aK;aTrHHa X,YMC ax,jiH 6epraH KHHHMjiapAa 
TaBO(J) khjihihhh GyiopapAHjiap. Arap yHAaii KHHHMjiapHH 
TonMacanap, apKaKjiap anaHFon xpjuiapHAa TaBocj) KunapAHjiap. 

XOTHHJiap 3Ca KHHHMJiapHHH eHH6, OpaCH OHHK; COByT KHHh6 TaBO(J) 

KHjiapAHjiap Ba: 

Eyzyu (dadauHii) 6up v^ucmu Skii ^ommucu Kypimada. 
EadciHUMdan KypuHzanu xpjion de6 aumMauMcm. 
Ae6 uietp aHTHinapAHjiap. Ajijiox, cy6xaHaxy Ba Taono 6y xai<;Aa 
KyHHAarn ojithh ho3hji khjiah: 

(31) <>ir~^ 

31. 3h OflaM 6o.na.iapn, x,ap 6np ea>Kfla nora^a 
3HHHaTjiaHHHrH3 (jitHH T03a jinGocAa 6yjiHHrH3) x,aM/ja 
(xox^jiaraHHHrH3Ha) eS-HHaeepHHrjiap, (|)aivaT ncpo(|) 
KHjiMaHrjiap. 3oTaH, y iicpo<|> KHJiryBHH Kiiivica.iapHii ceBMac. 

(Atpoi}): 31) 
Arap 6npoH 3p exn xothh MyTaKaGGnpnHK KHjica, 5TbHH 
KHHHMCH3 TaBO(J) KHjiHiimaH opnaHca, y3H GnjiaH 6npra HeT^aH 
ojih6 KenraH khhhmh GnjiaH TaBO(f) KHjiaAH Ba TaBO(J)AaH cyHr y 
jinGoajiapHH chh6 oth6 K>6opapAHjiap. Ba ynapAaH Ha y3JiapH Ba Ha 
y3ranap (J)OHAajiaHMacAH. Ba 5iHa ynap axpoM KHiiraH naHTjiapHAa 
y3 yHjiapnra auiHKAaH KHpMaH, yHHHHr opK;a TOMOHHAaH AeBopmi 
TeuinG, yuia TeuiHKAaH KHpn6 HH^Huiap Ba 6y hiiihh caBoGnn hui 
Ae6 xhco6 KHjiHinap 3AHJiap. K^yptOH 6y huihh Mant. khjiah. 

Bh3 aiiTHG yTraH 6y AHHjiapHHHr Gapnacn uinpK, 6yTnapacTjiHK 
AHHjiapn 6yjiH6, MaB(J)yM xypo(|)HH 3tTHK;oAJiap 3ah. By sea, aiccap 
apaGnapHHHr ahhh 6ynraH 3ah. ByHAaH TauiKapn Apa6 AHepjiapnra 



49 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

ilxyAHH, MaacycHH, MacnxHH Ba CoGhbhh AHHjiapH xaM Hyn 
TonraH sah. 

iIx,yAHHjiapHHHr Apa6 AHepnapHAa yTica3raH AaBpnapn 3Hr 
KaMH^a hkkh AaBpHH y3 HHHra onraH. 

EHPHHHH ,HABP: EoGhjih&i Ba AmypHHH (J)aTx,jiapH AaBpHAarn 
OanacTHHra x,H»cpaT KHjiHimiapH. 187- MHjiOAHH-K;aMapHH HHjiAa 
ByxTaHaccap homjih noAino TOMOHHAaH axyAHHjiapra 6ochm 
yTKa3Hjia GomjiaAH. yjiapHHHr maxapnapH BanpoH k;hjihhh6, 
xaHKajuiapH 6y3HjiH6 Ba KyruiapH acup ojihhhG, BoGnjira ojihG 
KeTHjiAHjiap. YnapAaH 6np khcmh OanacTHH maxapjiapHHH Tapic 
3th6, X,h5K03 TOMOHra k;ohh6 KeTAHjiap Ba yHHHr ihhmojihh 
KHCMHra acoHjiauiHG, y epHH y3jiapHra BaTaH k;hjih6 ymjiaAHJiap. 

HKKKBWH ,HABP: By AaBp Bchtoc PyMOHHH GoinHHjiHrHAa 
mhjioahh 70- HHjiAa OanacTHHHH 6och6 onraH AaBpnapAaH 
GouiJiaHaAH. PyMjiHKjiap JixyAHHjiapra 6ochm yTica3H6, yjiapHHHr 
x,aHKajuiapHHH Ba HGoAaTxoHajiapHHH 6y3HiimH Gouijiaran, ynapAaH 
6np KaHHanapH X,H>K03ra fiyji onAHjiap Ba ilcpnG, XafiGap Ba TaHMO 
maxapnapHra acoHjiaiifflG, y epnapAa Kajita-KyproHjiap Ba 
KHinjiOKJiap 6apno KHjiAHjiap. By Myx,oacHpjiap TycjjaHjiH 
apaGnapHHHr 6np KHCMHAa jixyAHH ahhh Tapi<;ajia GomjiaAH Ba 
cnecHH xPAHca Ba BOKetanapAa THjira ojiryAeic AapaacaAa 
pHBoaoiaHHui 6yjiAH. Hcjiom cthG KenraH Baicr^a Mamxyp axyAHH 
K;a6Hjiajiap KyHHAarnjiap 3 ah: 

XAHBAP 

HA3HHP 

MYCTAJIA^ 

^yPAH3A 

^AHHY^O 
CaivccyAHH y3HHHHr "Ba(J)o - ajiBa(J)o" khtoGh (116-6eTH)Aa 3Hicp 
KHjiHuiHHa axyAHH K;a6HjiajiapH cohh 20 a^h omapAH. ilxyAHH ahhh 
ilMaHra ActaA h6h Kapa6 acaHrnHjiapH opKajiH khph6 xenAH. 
ActaA ilcpnGra acaHrnn GynnG GopraHAa, y epAa jixyAHH ahhhhh 
KaGyji khjiah Ba BaHy KyparoaAaH GynraH pyxpHHHjiapHH ilMaHra 
ojihG kcjiah. niyHAafi k;hjih6 flxyAH&i ahhh ilMaHAa phbcok ojihG 
TapKana GomjiaAH. YHHHr Ba(J)OTHAaH xenHH ilMaHra yrjiH K)cy(J) 
3y HaBOC xyKKMpoH GyjiAH. 3y HaBOC HaacpoH ax,jiHAaH GynraH 



50 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MacHx,HHjiapra x,yacyM yiomrHpAH Ba ynapHH axyAHH ahhhhh K;a6yji 
KHjiHinra Ha^HpAH. MacHXHHjiap 6yHH K;a6yji KHjiHiimaH 6oui 
TopTHinran, ynap ynyH xaHAa^ (HyKyp)jiap K;a3AHpH6, yHra ojiob 
eicrnpAH Ba ynapHH my onoBjiapra yjiOKTHpAH. 3y HaBOC 6y HiiiAa 
aejiMH, apxaKMH, hojimh, KaMmipMH eiai ryAaKMH 6yHH <J)apK;jia6 
yrapMaAH. MaHa iny BOKetaAa KaTji STHjiraHjiap cohh 20 GnjiaH 40 
MHHr opacHAa 6ynraH AeHHjiaAH. YuiGy AaxmaTjiH BO^eta mhjioahh 
523- HHjiHHHr OKT5i6pb KyHH coahp GyjiraH sjxa. KyptOHH KapHM 
x,aM yin6y BOKetaAaH 6np naBxaHH Bypyac cypacHAa 3Hicp KHjiraH. 
HacpoHHH AHHjiapH x,aM Apa6 AHepjiapnra xa6ainjiap Ba 
pyMjiHKjiap 6ock;hhh Ty(J)aHjiH KHpn6 xenraH sjxa. Xa6ainjiapHHHr 
ilMaHra GynraH Ghphhhh 6ock;hhh m. 340 - HHjiAaH GouinaHraH Ba 
378 - HHjirana AaBOM 3TraH. MaHa my AaBpnapAa "ArraGrnHp 
AjiMacHx,HH" ilMaH yjixajiapHra icnpnG KenraH. Ahhh MaHa my 
AaBp^a Ayonapn nacoGaT GynyBHH, xapoMaT coxh6h 6ynraH 
OyfiMiOH hcmjih 30x,ha KHiiiH Ha>KpoHra KennG, HaacpoH ax,jiHHH 
MacHx,na AHHHra AatBaT 3Ta 6oinjiaHAH. HaacpoH ax,jiH yHHHr 
pocTryHjinrH Ba ahhhhhhf xaiqinrH ajiOMaTjiapHHH KypraHAaH 
cyHr MacHx,HH ahhhhh Ba6yn KHjia GoinjiaAH. 

XaGamnap ilMaHHH hkkhhhh 6opa m. 525- HHjiAa hihfoji 
KHjiran, 3y HaBOC KHjiraH huih, 5tbhh HaacpoH HacpoHHHjiapHHH 
x,aHAaK;jiapAa KyHAHpniiiHra hhthk;om ynapoK, A6paxa xyxyMaTra 
ypHamnG onran, MacnxHH ahhh KeHr KynaMAa TapKana 6oimiaAH. 
PHBoatnaHHm my ^apaacara ctahkh, xaTro A6paxa ilMaHra "xatGa" 
KypAnpAH. ApaGnapHHHr x,aac nGoAaTHHH yHra GypMOKHH Ba 
MaKKaAarn EaHTyjuioxHH 6y3n6 TamnaMOKHH GyjiAH. IIIyHAa 
Ajijiox, yHH, xaM oxnpaT xaM Ayne a3o6nra rHpH(J)Top khjiah. 

HacpoHHHjiHKHH FaccoH apaGjiapn, TarjinG, Tohb Ba yHAaH 
6omK;a PyMra Kyiimn GyjiraH Apa6 KaGnjianapH Ka6yn KHjiAHjiap. 
X,nnpa x,yKMAopnapHAaH GatSHjiapn xaM HacpoHHHjiHKHH K;a6yji 
KHjiAHjiap. Ammo Oopcnapra Kyiimn GyjiraH apa6 KaGnjianapH 
opacHAa MaacycHHjiHK TapKanraH sah. XoccaTaH HpoK apaGnapn, 
Bax,paHH - Axca, X,aacap Ba ynapra KyiiiHH GyjiraH Apa6 Kypna3H 
cox,HjiHAarH MHHTaKa K;a6HjiajiapHAa MaacycHHjiHK KeHr 
TapKanraHAH. Oopcnap ilMaHHH HCTHtno ^HjiraH 3aMonapHAa 
aMaHjiHK KHmnjiap x,aM Maacycnnjiap AHHHra KHpraH sah. 



51 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Ammo co6ht>hhh ahhii TeioiiiipyB Ba TaAKiiKOTjiapra Kypa - HpoK 
Ba yHAaH 6ouiK;a MaMjiaicaTjiapAarii H6pox,iiMHiiHr K;aBMii 6yjiraH 
KmmoHHHnap ahhii 6yjin6, IIIom ax,jiHHiiHr KynHiuiiirii Ba ilMaH 
ax,jiH KaAHMrH 3aMOHjiapAa yuia ahh 6njiaH AHHjiaHramiap. 
ilxyAHH, HacpoHHH Ka6n 5mrn AHHjiap Aynera Kejiiimii 6njiaH acra- 
ceKHH co6hi>hh5i ahhii 3anc[)jiaiiiii6, yHHHr anaiiracii cyHAH. JleKKH 
OAaMjiap opacHAa 6y ahh ax,jiHHiiHr KOJiAHiqiapii MaacycHHjiap 
6njiaH apajiam 6yjin6, HpoK Ba Apa6 Kypna3ii cox,njijiapiiAa auia6 
xenMOKAa 3 ah. 

flMHMM aX,BOJl 

Hcjiom KenraH naiiTAa K>K;opiiAa 6113 caHa6 yrraH AHHjiap 
apaGnapHHHr AHHjiapii 6yjiraH. JleiciiH 6y AHHjiap icacoAra ynpa6, 
6y3iuiii6 xeTraH sah. y3JiapiiHii H6pox,iiM anaiixHccajiOM AHHiiAa 
Ae6 AatBO KHjiaAHraH Mympiiicjiap H6pox,iiM anaiixHccajiOM 
uiapHtaTHAaH acyAa y30K 6yjiraH 6yjin6, y ahh ojiiiG icejiraH ry3aji 
axnoKJiapAaH Geroiia SAHJiap. Ynap opaciiAa acypyMy-iicemiap 
KynaiiiiG, 3aMOHjiap yTiimii 6njiaH 6yTnapacTjiapAarn OAaT Ba 

XypO(J)OTJiap AHHHH paCM-MapOCHMJiap ypHIIHII 

arajiJiaAH.HaTHacaAa 6y 6y3njinm hjkthmohh, ciieciiii Ba ahhiih 
xaerra acy^a KaTra Tatciip yTica3AH. 

ilxyAHH ahhii pne Ba xyKMpoHJiHKica aftnaHuG KOJiraHAH. By ahh 
neuiBonapH AjinoxAaH y3ra apGoG-MatGyAJiapra aiijiaHH6 
KOJiAHjiap. OAaMjiap opacHAa xyKMpoHjiHK k;hjih6, yjiapmi Ha<J)cy- 
xaBOJiapn HCTaraHHna xhco6 KHjiaAHraH, 6yiyH (Jmicpy xaejuiapn 
Mon-AyHe Ba pnecaT 6yjra6 KOJiraHAH. 

^hh soet 6yjin6, Ajijiox, GaHAanapHHH ypraHHiiira TaprnG 
KHjiraH, Ba ymi x,ap 6np khihh My^aAAac Ae6 GHjimiira GyiopraH 
TatJiHMOTnapra GenapBOJiHK Ba axaMH5iTCH3JiHK Tyc[)aiijiH, Aynera 
Ky(J)py-Hjix,OA TapKancaAa, HHCOHjiap ahh xa^HAa raM KHjiMaiiAHraH 
KHMcanapra aiijiaHH6 KOJiAHJiap. 

HacpoHHHjiHK sea OAaMjiap OHniAa GyTnapacTjiHKica aiijiaHH6 
KOJiraH Ba hhcoh GnjiaH Ajijiox, ypTacii^a aacn6 6np KopiiuiMa 
naiiAO kiijiaii. HacpoHiiiijiiiK 6njiaH AHHjiaHraH apaGnapra 6y 
AHHHiiHr x,ai<;iiK;iiii Tatciipii yTMaraH sah. HyHKii yHHHr 
TatJiiiMOTjiapii apaGnap ypraHraH Ba yH^aH y30iqiaina ojiMaiiAiiraH 
GatAaBiiii TypMyui Tap3iiAaH y30K; GyjiraHAii. Ammo apaGnapAaH 



52 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6ouiK,a ahh ax,JuiapHHHHr xpjiaTjiapH MympHKjiap axBOJiHAaH y3rana 
3Mac 3ah. yjiapHHHr K;aji6jiapH, atTHKOAJiapn, TaiqiHA Ba yp(J)- 
OAaTjiapH yxma6 KeTap Ba Gnp-GnpHra acyAaaM MyBO(J)HK; KenapAH. 

>Kox,mjimm Apa6 >KaMM^TMHMHr MaH3apacn 

Bh3 Apa6 aca3HpacHHHHr CHecaTH Ba AHHjiapH xaKHAa cy3 
ropHTAHK. 3hah HaB6aT yjiapmiHr h>kthmohh, hkthcoahh Ba 
axnoKHH xpjiaTjiapH xaKHAa cy3 lopHTHiura cthG KejiAH. 

M>KTMMOMM aX,BOJl 

Apa6 aca3HpacHAa TypjiH-TyMaH K,a6Hjia Ba 3JiaTjiap GyjraG, 
yjiapHHHr xpjiaTjiapH 6Hp-6HpjiapHHHKHAaH c[)apK KHJiapAH. 
KHuiHHHHr y3 ax,jinra GyjiraH ajiOK,acH lOKcaK AapaacaAa TapaaKKHH 
TonraH 3-ah. K^aGnjiaAarH xap 6np aeji ynyH npoAa apKHHUHrn 
MaBacyA 6yjiH6, aAOJiaTjin cy3HHHr Tyjia Hy(J)y3H 6op 3ah. Aeji 
khuih xaM 3x,THpoMra sra 6yjin6, yHHHr xhmoach ynyH KHJiHHjiap 
KHHHAaH cyrypHjiap sah. ApaGnap Ha3apH#a K>KcaK MaKOMra sra 
GyjiraH MypyBBaT, caxoBaT Ba uinacoaT Ka6n xncjiaTjiapra 3ra 
GyjiraH spxaKjiap, y3JiapnHHHr 6y xHCJiaTjiapn GnjiaH MaKTaHnG 
rannpiviac 3AHnap. JIckhh 6y Gopana aen KHuinjiap THjuiapHHH 
thhh6 TypojiMac SAHJiap. Aen khuih xox,jiaca K,a6HjiajiapHH 6np 
acoiira acaMjiaG, ynapHH apauiTHpHuira Ba arap xpx,Jiaca yjiap 
opacHAa HiHAAaTjiH ypym ojiOBjiapHHH ajiaHrajiaTHinra koahp 
3AHJiap. IIIyHAaii Gyjicana xen 6np HH30CH3 onjiaAa spxax khuih 
Gouijihk; 6yjin6, onjiaAa yHHHr cy3H 3tTH6opjiH GyjiapAH. 3pxaK Ba 
aejiHH Gnp-GnpHra Gofjiobhh hhkox pnuiTajiapH aejiHHHr Bajinii 
(oTacH eKH axacH xaGn 5iKHH).jiapH BocnracHAa 6oFjiaHH6 aManra 
ouinpHjiapAH. AejiHHHr yjiap Ty3raH hhkox, pnuiTacHHH 6ap6oA 
KHjiHinra xaKKH iiyK; 3-ah. By 3XTHpoM Ba xyKyKJiap x,yp-030fl 
aejuiaprarHHa TaajuiyigiH sah. 

Bnp jKoiiAa MaHa uiyHAaii KDKcaK xpjiaT 6yjin6 TypraH 6np 
naiiTAa, 6ouiK,a acoiijiapAa spxax GnjiaH xothh khuih ypTacH^a 
TypjiH-TyMaH apajiauiyBjiap 6op GyjiraHKH, 6h3 yHH xaecH3JiHK, 
6y3yi<;jiHK, c|)0XHfflajiHK Ba axMOKJiHKAaH y3ra n6opa GnjiaH THjira 

OJIOJIMailMH3. 

A6y ,H,OByAHHHr Oiuna po3H5ijijioxy aHxpAaH KHjiraH pHBO^THra 
xypa: 
}Koxhjih5it AaBpHAarn HHKOx,jiap 4 xhji GyjiraH 6yjin6, ynypAaH: 



53 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

EHPHHHHCH - X,03Hprn AaBpAarn OAaMjiap opacnAa MaBacyA 
GyjiraH HHKOXAaH (J)apK; KmiMaHAH. Blip khihh 6ouiK;a 6np 
KHuiHHHHr Kyji ocTHAa 6ynraH k;h3 exn aejiHH KyjiHHH cypa6 cobhh 
Ky^AH. Arap MatKyn Tonca po3hjihk 6epaAH cyHr hhkox, KHjiHHaAH. 

HKKHJWHCH - 3p y3 aejin xaireHAaH noKjiaHran, yHra: - 
OanoHHHra OAaM k>6oph6, yH^aH "MaTo" cyparHH, - achah. 
HlyHAaH cyHr 3p y3 xoTHHHra y to yma OAaMAaH xoMHjiaAop 
GyraHH aHHiqiaHMaryHHHa yHra jik;hhjihk KHjiMaHAH. 
X,OMHjiaAopjiHrH aHHK; Gynran, xpx,jiaca 5ik;hhjihk k;hjih6, anoKacHHH 
AaBOM 3TTHpaBepaAH. 3p 6y hihhh HacaGjiH 30TAap (J)ap3aHA ojihui 
ynyH KHjiaAH. By ycyn 3ca "Hcth630i>" hhkoxh Ae6 HOMjiaHHjiapAH. 

yfflHHHCH - CaHOFH 10 KHiiiHAaH icaM GynraH apxaKjiap 
TynjiaHHuiHG, 6np aen xy3ypnra khphihhG, xaMMajiapn y aen 6miaH 
jkhhchh ano^aAa GyjiaAH. Arap aeji xoMHjiaAop GynuG Konca, 6ona 
TyrHjiraHHAaH kchhh 6np Hena KyH yrnG, yma apKaiuiapHH 
Ha^HpTHpnG, ynapHH 6np aconra acaivuiaHAH. y apKaicjiapHHHr 
GnpoHTacH xaM 6y naKHpHKAaH 6om TopTa onMaHAH. EajiKH 
xaMManapn aeji x,y3ypnra acaMjiaHaAHJiap. IIIyHAa aeji ynapra: 
- CH3JiapHHHr KHjiraH HinjiapHHrH3AaH coahp GyjiraH HapcaAaH 
xa6apnapHHrH3 6op. MaHa MeH ymi TyFAHM. By ceHHHr yrjiHHr exn 

KH3HHrAHp 3H (J)ajIOHHH,- Ae6 y3H X,OX,JiaraH KHIHHHHHr HOMHHH 

afiTaAH Ba 6ojiaHH yHHHr Kyjinra TyTK,a3aAH. 

TyPTHHHHCH - KynHHjiHK apxaKjiap TynjiaHnG, 6np aejiHH 
xy3ypnra KHpaAH. Aeji ynapHHHr GHpoHracHHH xaM paA 3TMaHAH. 
yHAafi aennap (J)ox,Huiajiap GynnG, ynap y3 AapB03ajiapHra anoMaT 
khjih6, GafipoKJiap och6 KyHHiiiap 3ah. ynapra khpmokhh GynraH 
apKaKjiap uiy anoMaTAaH TaHn6, KHpaBepapAHjiap. Arap y aeji 
x,OMHjiaAop GyjinG K,ojica, 6ona TyKK,aHAaH kchhh y GnnaH ajiOK,a 
KHjiraH 3pKaKjiapHHHr xaMMacH acaMjiaHnG, 6np (J)oji6hhhh 
HaKHpaAHJiap. OojiGhh 6onaHHHr khmhhkh SKaHjinrnHH (J)oji ohh6 
GnjiaH aHHKJiaHAH. yHHHr onraH (Jjojih KHMra Tyrpn Kenca 6onaHH 
yuiaHra GepnnaAH Ba Gonara y y3 TOMOHHAaH hcm KyaAH. ByHAaH 
6oui TopTHinra ynapAaH xen GnpHHHHr x,ai<;K;H GyjiMaHAH. Ajijiox 
cyGxaHaxy Ba Taono Myx,aMMaA ajiaHx,HccajiOMHH nanraMGap 
k;hjih6 K)6opraH, acox,HjiHaT AaBpHAarn GyHAan HHKOx,napHH Gexop 
k;hjih6, GyryHrH KyHAarn uiaptHH hhkox,hh fiyjira KyMAH. 



54 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

tKoxhuhjit AaBpH^a apxax GnjiaH aen ypTacHAa 5iHa 6np KymHjiyB 
BOCHTacH 6yjiH6, 6yHH KHjiHHjiap thfhio, HaH3ajiapHHHr yricHp 
THuinapH BOCHTacHAa Aynera KenTHpHjiap 3-ah. JsaGnnajiap 
ypTacHAarn TyKHamyBjiapAa khm fojih6 HH^ca, MarjiyG GynraH 
KaGHjiaHHHr KH3-acyBOHjiapHHH acup ojih6, ynapHH Hypnnapra 
afijiaHTHpap 3AHJiap. MaHa my HypHjiHK AaBpHAa Aynera KenraH 
Gojianapra to yMpnapn oxupurana "op" TaMracn ypniiapAH. 

tKoxhuhjit AaBpHAarn OAaMjiap opacHAarn Mamxyp OAaT, 6np 
BaKTHHHr y3HAa ynap nerapanaHMaraH MH^AopAa xothh onaBepap, 
ona-CHHrHjinapHH xaM 6np Ba^TAa xothh KHjiaBepap Ba OTanapn 
Ba(J)OT 3Tran, eKH xothhhhh TanoK KHjiran, ynapHHHr xoTHHjiapHHH 
6eMajion HHKOxnra onaBepap SAHJiap. K^yp-bOHH KapHM 6y xojihh 
Hhco cypacHHHHr 22 Ba 23 - oaTjiapHAa MaHt khjiah. 
*jL-^i sL^ij &L«j <Ui^lfl <1)IS <UJ »^JL*i *ii U *j} sU^Jl ^y> ffity faf** ^ tj^t^J 2j 

Cjujj ^ j( Cjujj (»>J2tf»j (^SJUij (»>j(j^-(J (»>jujJ (»>j1^4( («-*~l*' C~sjs- (ZZ) 

IxJUjJ jiSoU*J OL£»ij ApLjsJJl j_« ji5j(jj?-ij ji5u«_iJji («j^U( iSJL^sij C*.*-*$\ 

^k il ty ^iUs \£p ,U 0^3 ^ ^i>s ^i ^uj 5, ,^j- j j*fo\ 

(23) U-?-j ij^ ois'ilJi 

22. OTajiapHHrH3 yfijiaHraH xoTHHjiapHH miKoxiiHrinra 
ojiMaHr! Marap Hjirapn yTraH Syjica, (y&iaHraH 6yncaHrH3, 
Ajijiox^ a(J)B 3Tap). AjiSaTra 6y xyHyK ea 5KnpKaHH SyjiraH Smoh 

KH.THKAHp. 

23. Cn3Jiap ynyH OHa.iapnHrn3, KinriapnHrn3, ona- 
CHHrHjijiapHHrH3, aMMajiapimrio, xojiajiapHHrH3, aKa- 
yKajiapHHrH3HHHr Kii^napii, ona-CHHrHjijiapHHrH3HHHr 
Kin.iapii, 3MH3raH OHa.iapiiHnn, 3iviiiuiraH ona- 
ciiHrn.Fi.iapiiHrn3, KaHHOHa.iapnHrn3, jkiihchh a.iOKaAa 6yjiraH 
xoTHHjiapHHrH3HHHr Tap6nHHrH3Aa SyjiraH Kin.iapii (MaHa uiy 
caHa6 yTHjiraH aenjiapra ynjiaHHui x,apoM khjihhah) - arap 
xoTHHjiapHHrH3 SnjiaH >kiihciih a.iOKaaa SyjiMaraH 6yjicaHrH3 
(ynapHH TanoK KHjiraHAaH kchhh aBBanrn spnapnAaH TyrnnraH 
KH3JiapHra yHjiaHcaHrH3) CH3Jiap ynyH ryHOx, iiyKAHp. ^Ha y3 



55 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

nyiiiTH KaMapiiHrmaaH SyjiraH yrHjijiapHHrH3HHHr 
xoTHHjiapnra (yHjiaHHiiiHHrH3) x,aMfla ona-CHHrmiHH 
5KaMjiauijiapHHrH3 (atHH GupuHH TanoK; KHjiMafi TypuG 6ouiK;acHra 
yHjiaHHinjiapHHrH3 xapoM khjihhah). Marap Hjirapn yTraH Syjica 
(Ajijiox^ a(J)B 3Tap). AjiSaTTa Ajijiox, MaF<jmpaTjiii Ba Mex,pii6oH 
SyjiraH 30Tflnp. 

(Hhco: 22 - 23) 

}Kox,HjiH5rr AaBpn^a OAaMjiap opacHAa TanoKHHHr Mya&iH Gejirn- 
nerapacH 6ynraH 3MacAH. Apa6 aca3HpacHHHHr KaficH Gypnarn 
GyjiMacHH, y ep#a (J)ax,iii-3HHO aBacnra HHic^aH 3j\a. By HjinaTAaH 
xen 6np chh(J) BaKHjijiapn xojih 6yjiMaH, (J)aK;aTrHHa y3 
ynyFBopjiHrHHH acpaG, GyHAafi pa30JiaTjiapAaH acupicaHaAHraH 
OAaMjiap TOH(J)acH 6y xpnaTAaH y3jiapHHH catnap 3ah. Xyp-030A 
6ynraH aejuiapHHHr axBOJiJiapn nypn aemiapHUHr axBOJiHAaH 
flxmnpoK 3AH. Yuia naHT^a HypujiHK 3Hr Karra Gano-MycuGaT sjxa. 
YuiGy xpnaTnapAaH MatnyM GyjiaAHKH, acoxHjiiraT ax,jiHHHHr axcap 
k;hcmh HacaGAarn (J)ax,ui-3HHora GorjiaHHiiiAarH opjiaHum xnccHAaH 
Max,pyM GyjiraHjiap. 

A6y ,ZI,OByAHHHr Amp h6h IHytaHGAaH, y crracHAaH, y 6o6ocHAaH 
KHjiraH pHBoaTHra Kypa: 
Blip khuih ypHHAaH Typn6: 

- 3u Pocyjiajino^, (pajiormu Menum ymuM, nyuKU Men Jtco^ujiunm 
daepuda ymim onacu dunan don onuiuud lopap 3duM, - acah. 
IIIyHAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM: 

"Hc/ioMda dwbeo Kfinuui dyjiMiiiidu, audit OKOxfinunm uiunapu 
myea6 6umdu. Tyuiau ea yuuaui 6onacu ^aotcp (x;apoM)dup", - 
AeflHjiap. 

CatA h6h A6y BaKKOc 6miaH A6a h6h 3yMta ypTacH^a 
3yMi.aHHHr Hypucn yrjiH x,ai<;HAa AatBOJiamyB Kuccacn MatnyM Ba 
Mauix,ypAHp. y 6ona A6Ayppax,MOH h6h 3yMta sah. KHmnjiapHHHr 
y3 Ganajiapura 6yjiraH MyHOcaGaT-ajiOKajiapn xaM Typjinna 
GynapAH. YnapAaH 6at3HjiapH: 

0ap3cmdjiapuMU3 ypmajuu3da dyjiadu. 
yKuzap - zyuiajiapiiMU3 ep W3uda wpadu. 



56 



AppoxuKVJi Maxmy.M ^jlLJl ' cJj^jJI 

AeiiHuiapAH. YnapAaH GaMHnapH ophjith KyHjimiHrHAaH eicn 
ynapHH GoKHuiAaH 6e3op GyjinG KrojiapuHH TupuKjiaH KyMapAH. 
BouiKanapH sea HyKHHjiHKAaH GonajiapuHH yjiAHpap SAHJiap. YuiGy 
x,ojuiapHH J^yptoH x,aM xaGapHHH 6epraH. 

^JJj> j-ji\-> la'xpA _pJ \hu (57) 6j4-"-"4 *-* J-JJj ^^4-^ cj\11\ <di] 5jJi*£tjj 

57. Yjiap: ("Oapmirrajiap AjiJioxHHHr KicnapH", achhuihG), y 
"KH3Jiap"HH Ajijiox,hhkh Kii.iiiuia.3ii - y 30T (6y 6yx,TOHAaH) 
noKflnp - y3JiapHHHHr KyHrmuiapH TycaraH iiapcami (jii>hh 

yFHjinapHH) 3ca y3JiapHHHKH (k;hjih6 ojihihah). 

58. k-imoh 6npoBjiapra KH3 (icypraHH xai<;HAa) xyuixaSap 
SepHjica, ra3a6ra TyjinS, H)3JiapH unpaiiiio KeTap. 

59. Ba y (k;h3hh) xypjiaraH xpjmaa ojihS kojihui 6kh (THpuKjiaH) 
TynpoKKa Kopnui (TyrpucnAa yfi cypn6), y3Hra xyuixaSap 
SepmiraH HapcaHimr (jh.hu, k;h3 KypHiiiHHHr) "eMOH"jiHrHflaH 
(HOMyc k;hjih6) OflaMjiapaaH viiiiiipiiriiio ojiyp. Orox, 
6yjiHHrH3KHM, yjiap (6y KHjiMHuinapH 6njiaH) 3Hr Smoh (jtbhh, 
Hoxaic;) x,yKM HHKapypjiap. (Ha*ji: 57 - 59). 

H30X,. Hcjiom dumi KemiumdaH irnzapu apadnapda eaxtuuu 6up 
odam 6op sdu, ynap k,u3 (pap3aHd Kypuumu y3Jiapu ynyn op de6 
dunuuiap ea Kyrmapu v;u3JiapuHU mupuKJiau epza KpMud todopap 
adujiap. Eynza ca6a6 duncu3-uiiMOHCU3 KUMcanapnuHZ CHcaxojiam ea 
Kii6p-xaeojiapa 6yiiu6, aupuju mapaxmi yjiajuojiap 6y pa30Jiamuu 
6up eo^eaza dosjiaudiuiap: y3oy ymMiauda 6ymyn apa6 Jtca3iipacu 
Hy-bMOH ucmjiu noduiox Kyji ocmuda 6yjiu6, 6apna qaeju, vpdunanap 
ynza 6ojk myjiap 3KaHJiap. Eup iiujiu npdwiajiapdan 6upu 
3UMMcmapudaza comiv^hu myjiauidau 6oui mopmuuizaHuda, noduiox 
acKopjiapu 6ocmupu6 Kejiumud, y Kfidimammz xajujua xomim- 
xa/iajfc, ysuji-T^U3JiapuHU acup v;ujiu6 ojiu6 Kemmuzan ea yjiapmi y3 
i^adujiajiapuza vp.umapuui ynyu 6ochc myjicmuuiUHU uiapm tyuimuzan 
3Kcm. By majiad 6ajfcapujizynna opadan ymzan (pypcam imuda 
vpdiina doiujiuzuHUHZ ymu diuian noduioxmmz yzjin 6up-6upnapuza 
KpHZUJi vyiiud v^onuuizan 3kcih. UlynuHZ ynyn iyU3 douivpmap cacpuda 
y3 wpmuza i^aumud Kemumdan 6oui mopmadu. J(en vfimdaii dyiy- 



57 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

nynuca ea wiUHud-ejieopunuiap Kop JcujiMazan, jcu3huhz omacn - 
vpdiina 6ouumzu, dyuiMcmuza Kynzun vyim6, ysimu umpManda 
yumcm v;u3udaH Hiiyoam dapajfcada za3a6nanu6, dyndan Keuim v;u3 
Kypca, ajidamma mupumiau epza KpMUtuza yacciM unadn. Ulyndau 
t^ujiu6, 6y i^adux; odam aenoddan-aenodza ymii6, mapi^ajiud 
Kejiaeepada ea vpmomai Hcjiom dimu eyjtcydza iceman, vyp-hon 6y 
npaMac odamnu muh smadu. 

31. (3h HHCOHjiap), 6ojiajiapHHrH3HH HyKHHjiHKflaH K;ypK;H6 
yjiflHpiviaHrH3Jiap - yjiapra xaM, CH3Jiapra xaM Bh3 y3HMH3 pH3K 
6epypMH3. YjiapHH yJiflHpMOK? inaK-uiy6xacH3 KaTTa xaTOflnp. 

(Hcpo: 31) 

(9) cJbS <-JS Uk (8) ciili 53j«.jJt \SY} 

8-9. THpHKjiaii KyMHjiraH (xap 6np) kh^A^h KaH^afi ryHOx, 
caSaSjiH yjiflHpnjiraHH cypajiraHH^a; 

(TaKBHp: 8) 

JleKHH 6h3 ym6y xonaTHH Apa6 5Ka3npacHAa KeHr TapKanraH 
axnoK; 6yjiraHH p,e6 aHTOJiMaHMie. Hymen, AyuiMaHjiapAaH 
x,HMoajiaHHin ynyH (J)ap3aHAJiapra 3XTne:>KH Karra OAaM xaM Kyn 
6ynraH sah. 

Ammo KHiiiHjiapHHHr aica-yKajiapH, aMaKHBaHHajiapn Ba 
KaGHjiaAOuiJiapH GujiaH GyjiraH ajiOKanapH acy^a KynjiH GyjinG, ynap 
KaBMHaTHHjiHK ynyH jimaG, yHHHr ynyH yjiap SAHjiap. X,ap 6np 
K;a6Hjia HHHAa GupAaMjiHK pyxn ojihh 6yjin6, yHH aca6naT 

(KaBMHflTHHJIHK) MyCTaXKaMJiaG Typap 3AH. HjKTHMOHH HH30MHHHr 

acocH y jkhhchh acaGrorr Ba KapHHAOin- ypy^HHUHK 6yjiH6,yjiap: 

"EnpoAapHHr 30jihm 6yjicajiM, Ma3JiyM 6yjicajiM yHra epAaM 
Khji",- AeraH xypcaTMara xaKHKHii MatHOAa aMan k;hjih6 xaer 
Kennpap SAHJiap. Hcjiom yui6y KypcaTMaHH TyrpHjiaG TaA6nK 
KHjiraH. iltHH 30JIHM GyjiraH GnpoAapra epAaM 6epHin, yHH 
KHjiaeTraH 3yjiMHAaH thhh6 Kyuuui 6njiaH 6yjiHiiiHHn yKrapaAH. 

3epo uiapa(J)-H33aT Ba caMHA-paHCJiHK GopacHAarn TopTumyBjiap 
KyriHHHa 6np OTaAaH TapKanraH KaGmia opacHAa kohjih ypyuijiapra 
ojih6 KenapAH. Bh3 GyHAafi BOKetanapHH Abc GnjiaH Xa3pa>K, A6ac 



58 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6miaH 3y6eH, Eaicp 6miaH TaninG Ba 6oiiiK;a KaGnjianap opacnAarn 
ypyuinap TypuxnAa Ky3aTaMH3. 

Ammo Typnu-TyMaH KaGnjianap opajiapnAarn anoKanap sea 
TaMOMaH GaHAJiapHAaH aacpaG, y3apo ypyinnapAa KyBBaTCH3JiaHH6 
KOJiraH sah. 

JleKHH ahh Ba xypo(J)OT opacHAa MyiirrapaK GynraH 6at3H 6np 
OAaT Ba TaiqiHAJiapAaH KypicyB Ba ny^nm KynnHna ynapHHHr 
npHHijHnHaji KaTfcHjrr Ba yTKHpjiHKjiapHHH K>MinaTH6 TypapAH. 
Bai^n x,ojiaTjiapAa AycTjiamyB, htth(J)ok;hhjihk Ba xaMKopjiHK 
KeHrauinapH TypjiH K;a6Hjiajiap ypTacHAarn GnpAaMjiHicKa ojih6 
6opap 3ah. Ypyui xapoM KHjiHHraH onjiap MyxappaM, PaacaG, 
Syji^atAa Ba 3ynx,H>K5Ka OHjiapn ynapHHHr xaernapH Ba 
THpHKHHjiHK xochji KHjiHiiuiapH ynyH aiiHH MyAAao GynapAH. 

Xynnac KanoM, h>kthmohh axBOJi 05kh3jihk Ba 3aH(J)jiHK 
AapacHHHHr HHTHxocHra eraG KOJiraH GyjinG, acaxpnaT KeHr hjiah3 
efiraH 3-ah. Xypo(J)OTjiap oiiihG TOinraH GynnG, OAaMjiap xaHBOHjiap 
AHrjiHK; xaeT KennpHiiiap 3-ah. Aen khihh sea coTHjiap Ba coth6 
onHHap, roxo yHra 6yK)M CHHrapn MyoMana KHjiHHap sah. Xaniqiap 
opacHAarn anoKanap acyAa 3aH(J) Ba y3HjiraH GynnG, xyxyMaTjiap sea 
xanK xHCoGnra xa3HHaHH TyjiAHpHiii Ba y3 xyAyA-napHAarH 
ypyuinapHH ojih6 Gopnm xai<;HAa ynnapAH xojioc. 
1/lKTMCOflMM aX,BOJl 

Hk;thcoahh axBOJi xaM h>kthmohh axBOJiAaH (J)apK; KHjiMac sah. 
ApaGnap TypMym Tap3HHH TypjiH Kuppanapura Ha3ap Tamjiacaic, 6y 
x,onaT jiHaAa paBinaH GyjiaAH. YjiapAarH x,aer 3x,THeacjiapHHH 
KOHAHpHuiHHHr 3Hr acocHH MaHGatH 6y THacopaT sah. TnacopHH 
ca(J)apjiap sea ep K>3HAa thhhjihk-omohjihk Gnp^apop 
GynraHAarHHa paBHaic; TonaAH. ByHAafi 6api<;apopjiHK Apa6 
aca3HpacHAa KaMte6 GynuG, (J)aK;aTrHHa ypyui xapoM KroinHraH 
ofijiapAarHHa 6yjiapAH. Hymen 6y ofijiapAa ypyui, koh TyKumjiap 
xapoM KHjiHHraH sah. MaHa uiy ofijiapAa apaGjiapHHHr Mamxyp 
6o3opnapHAa apMapxanap TamKHji STroiapAH. Ynap Ykko3, 3yn 
Maaco3, MacaHHa Ba 6ouiK;a KaTra-KaTra 6o3opnapAa apMapxanap 
ryjijia6 jmmap sah. 

Ammo 6y xaji^jiap caHoaT nmjiaG HHK;apHiiiAaH aHna finpoK sah. 
Apa6 aca3HpacHAa MaBacyA 6yjiraH TyKHMaHHjiHK, Tepn ouinaui Ba 



59 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6omK,a caHoaTHHHr acocHH khcmh 6miaH X,HHpa, ilMaH ax,jiH Ba 
IIIoMHHHr kdkoph KHCMHAa aiiiobhh axonroiap inyFyjuiaHap 3AHJiap. 
Apa6 aca3HpacHHHHr HHKapucnAa xaM skhh-thkhh, acx,k;ohhhjihk 
Ba HopBaHHjiHK icaGu MauiFynoTjiap 6op sah. Apa6 aejuiapHHHHr 
AeapjiH GapnacH Hn-HHrnpHiii 6njiaH uiyryjiaHHuiap sah. JIckhh 6y 
MaTonap ypyuinapAa FaHHMaTjiapra hhihoh GynapAH. )KaMH5rrAa 
fiyicHHjijiHK, ohjihk Ba KammoiqiHK KeHr TapKanraH sjxa. 

Axjiok 

^Koxhjihjit ax,jiHAa Ty6aHjiHK, pa30JiaT, bh>kaoh Ba cofjiom aiqi 
xyTapa ojiMaiiAHraH nmjiap GyjiraHjinrnHH hhkop 3TOJiMaHMH3. 
JleKHH, my GnnaH 6npra ynapAa HHCOHjiapHH aacaGnaHTHpaAHraH, 
KOhhji KHjiaAHraH, MaKTOBra jiohhk,, (J)03hji axnoiqiap xaM 6op 
3AHKH, ynap xaKH^a TyxrajiMaH hjicokhmig fiyK;. YnapAaH: 

BHPHHHHCH - KapaM, onHHacaHoGnHK, MypyBBaT, 
Mex,MOHAycTjiHK, caxoBaT Ba TaHTHjiHK GyjinG, apaGnap 6y 
xHCJiaTjiapAa (J)axpjiaHHui Ba khm y3apjiHK xhcchhh Tyap SAHjiap. 
Apa6 uiei.pHaTHHHHr apMH yui6y XHCJiaTjiap Ma^XHra 6aFHinjiaHraH 
3AH. Arap 6np KHuiHHHHr yfiura ohjihk, MauiaKKaTjiH Ba coByK; 6np 
naHT^a MexMOH iceiinG Konca, yHHHr yiiHAa y3H Ba OHjiacn 
THpHKHHUHrnra apa6 TypraH GuprnHa TyacHAaH 6omK,a xen moji 
AyHecH 6yjiMaca-Aa, yHAarn ojiHHacaHoGnHrH TyTn6, y yuia TyaHH 
Mex,MOH 3He(J)aTH ynyH cyiinG K>6opaBepapAH. YjiapHUHr 
ojiHHacaHoGnHK Ba MypyBBaTjiapn uiyHnanHK sahkh, 6np 

KHUIHHHHr H06yA 6yjIHUIHHH Ba KOHJiap TyKHJIHUIHHH OJIAHHH 

ojihui ynyH acy^a Karra MHKAopAarn ah&i Ba TopTHiqiapHH y3 
3HMManapHra ojinmap 3AHjiap. ByHAafi nmjiapAa y3JiapHAaH 6omK,a 
caHHHAJiap Ba pancnap 6miaH (JjaxpjiaHHiu Ba MaKTaHHiiiAa 
Myco6aK;ajiauiap 3AHjiap. 

ApaGnapHHHr ojihh xHMMaTjiHKjiapH HaTHacanapHAaH 5iHa 6npn, 
6y mapo6xypjiHK 6miaH (JjaxpjiaHHiu GyjinG, 6y Hapca mapoGHHHr 
y3HAa (J)axpjiaHHuira ap3HryjiHK tomohh GyjiraHH ynyH 3Mac, GajiKH, 
y xaM ojiHHacaHoGnHKAaH GynraH 6np fiyji GyjiraHH ynyH Ba yHra 
MyGTano 6yjiHui Ha(J)cra ocoh GyjiraHH ynyH xaM uiyHAafi sah. 
IIIyHHHr ynyH xaM apa6nap y3yM AapaxTHHH KapaM-caxoBaT 
AapaxTH Ae6, yH^aH onHHraH mapoGtHi sea "BHHTy KapaM", atHH 
KapaMHHHr k;h3h (MeBacH) Ae6 HOMjiauiap 3AHJiap. Arap acox,HjiHaT 



60 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

AaBpnAarn uietpnap TynnaMHra Ha3ap TamjiacaHrH3, yHHHr mapo6 
MaAX,H GnnaH TyjiHG-TomraHjiHrHHH KypacH3. 

yjiapHHHr KapaMjiapn HaTHacanapHAaH 5iHa 6npH - k;hmop6o3jihk 
GnjiaH uiyFyjijiaHHinjiapH sjxa. K^hmop6o3jihkhh xapaM- 
ojiHHacaHoGnHK Ae6 x,hco6 KHjiHimiapHra ca6a6, arap ynap 
KHMopAaH k>th6 oncanap GeBa-GenopajiapHH MaHa my Kynra 
KHpHTraH KDTyKJiapHAaH TaoMjiaHTHpap Ba ynapra 3x,coHjiap KHjiap 
3AHJiap. IIIyHHHr ynyH x,aM KyptOH KapHM k;hmop Ba apaKHHHr 
(J)OHAacHHH HHKop STMaraH x,onAa: 

" 1 a^rW (ys J&\ La£-ajJ j " 

"....HioiucufyuMop dujiau apav^nu zynoxfi (poudacudau Kypa 
Kammapoi^dup... " - ^ea 3Hicp khjiah. 

HKKKBWHCH - Ax,Ara Ba(J)0 khjihih. ApaGnap Ha3AHAa ax,Ara 
Ba(J)0 khjihih 6np ahh GyjinG, yHH acyAa Max,icaM TyTHiiiap 3AHJiap. 
Ax,ahh 6y3Hin sea rye AHHAaH hhk;hiii x,HCo6jiaHapAH. ApaGnap 6y 
fiyji^a GojianapHHH KypGoH khjihih Ba AHepnapHHH BafipoH 
k;hjihiiihh x,en caHauiapAH. Eymi TymyHHiii ynyH X,ohhbhh h6h 
MactyA IIIaHGoHHH, CaMaBtan h6h O^ne Ba X,ouih6 h6h 3npopa 
TaMHMHH KHCcajiapn KH(J)oa KHjiaAH. ( X,ohhi>hh h6h Maci.yAHHHr 
KHecacH GnnaH "XJIKPA^ATH MYJIK" capjiaBx,ajiH MaB3yAa 
TaHHinraH sahk) CaMaBtajiHHr KHecacH sea: - HMpyyn K^anc yHra 
coByTHHH OMOHaT k;hjih6 KyMraH sah. X,opnc h6h A6y IIIaMMap 
FaccoHHH CaMaBtanAaH coByTHH topth6 ojimokhh GynaAH. 
CaMaBtan coByTHH GepniiiAaH 6oui TopTaAH Ba TaHMOAarn Kacpnra 
KHpnG K;ypFOHjiaHH6-x,HMoajiaHH6 onaAH. CaMaBtajiHHHr 
yFHjinapHAaH Gnpn KacpAaH TaiiiKapHAa KOJiraH 3#h. X,opnc yHH 
yuiJiaG ojih6, arap coByTHH TonuiHpMaca yrjiHHH yjiAHpHiiiHHH 
Tax,AHA KHjiaAH. CaMaBtan OMOHaT GynraH coByTHH TomiiHpHiiiAaH 
6om TopTaAH, x,aTro X,opnc yHHHr yrjiHHH Ky3 yHrH^a KaTji KHjiaAH. 

X,oacH6HHHr KHecacH sea KyHHAarHna: - Y y3 KaBMHHHHr pancn 
3AH. K)pTHra KenraH KyproKHHjiHK TycjjaHjiH y y3 KaBMHHH cjjopcjiap 
noAmocH KncpoAaH yHHHr xy^yAHra BaKTHHHa acoHjiauiTHpnG 
Typnuira H3H cypa^H. Kncpo ynap^aH coahp GyjimiiH MyMKHH 
6ynraH 4)acoAy-TaacoBy3JiapAaH nynnG, yH^aH Ka(J)OJiaT Tana6 
Khjiah. IIIyHAa X,05kh6 Ka(J)OJiaT CH(J)aTHAa y3 KaMOHHHH rapoBra 
KyiiAH. y to Ba(J)OT TonryHHra KaAap y3 BatAacnra coahk; kojiah. 



61 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KyproKHHjiHK GapxaM toiihG, ymiHr K;aBM y3 lopTnapura KanrraH, 
X,oacH6HHHr yrjiH Atopha OTacHHHHr KaMOHHHH KaHTapnG OJIHIH 
ynyH KucpoHHHr ojiAHra 6opAH. OracHHHHr Ba(J)OAopjiHrH xypMara 
ynyH Kncpo KaMOHHH KaHrapnG 6epAH. 

yHKBWHCH: - JfeaTHH Ha(J)c Ba xopjinry aAOJiaTCH3JiHKHH 
Ka6yji KHjiojiMacjiHK. MaHa uiy XHCJiaTjiapAaH mroicoaT, 
raHpaTMaHAJiHK, Te3Aa jiOByjuiaG KeTHin icaGn KaHcJmjrrjiap nan^o 
GynapAH. Yjiap xaKopaT Ba xopjimc xhah KenaAHraH 6np KajiHMa cy3 
auiHTaAHraH 6yjicajiap, Aapxoji ^minny Haroajiapra ennmuG, kohjih 
uiHAAaTjiH acaHraapHH 6oinjia6 K>6opHinap 3AHJiap. By fiyjiAa ynap 
y3 jKOHjiapHHH K;yp6oH GyjiHuiH Ba KOHjiapn TyKHjinG GepmiaAHraH 
Tajio(J)OTjiapra napBO KHjiniiiMac SAHJiap. 

TyPTHHHHCH: - Ky3jiaHraH Mai<;caA capn hhthjihih. Ynap 
y3Jiapnra (J)axp Ba uiapa(J) p,e6 GujiraH 6np nmra a3My K;apop KHjiraH 
Gyjicanap, yjiapHH 6y nui^aH xen khm Tyca onMac 3ah. EajiKH 6y 
Hyji^a ynap y3 acoHjiapuHH xaTapra KyiinG GyjicaAa Mai<;caA capn 
HHTHJiap SAHjiap. 

EEHIHJWHCH: - X,ajiHMjiHK, ca6py-6apAom Ba TytaAAa 
(Ba3MHHjiHK). ApaGnap yuiGy xHCJiaTjiap 6miaH cjjaxpjiaHHiiiap 
3AHJiap. ynap KaHHanap uiHacoaTjiH, acacyp, Te3Kop acaHrapn 
GyjiHuiH 6miaH 6np Baicr^a, ynapAa opmrr KynjiH GyjiraHAH. 

OJITHHHHCH: - CaxpoBHHjiHKica xoc coAAajiHK Ba MaAaHHjrr 
KHpnapH Ba yHHHr MaKKopnnrH GnnaH KHpnaHMaraHjiHK. 

Ma3Kyp x,HCJiaTjiap HaTHacacn yjiapoK ynapAa pocTrynnHK, 
OMOHaTAopjiHK Ba xneHaTy ajiAOBjiapAaH HacJDpaTjiaHHiii Ka6n aacnG 
x,HCJiaTjiap MaBacyA 6yjiraH. 

Apa6 aca3HpacHHHHr onaMra HHc6aTaH TyTraH reorpa(J)HK ypHiira 
KapaMan, caxpoBHH apaGnapAa acaMjiaHraH 6e6axp xyjiiqiapHHHr 
acaM GyjiHuiH, Ajijiox, cyGxaHaxy Ba Taono ynapHH pnconaT iokhhh 
KyTapHiujiapH, Gamapmrrra eTaKHHjiHK khjihui Ba 6amap 
acaMHaTHHH hcjiox, khjihih MacfcyjiHjiTH kdkhhh KyTapHiii ynyH 
ynapHH TaHjiauinra ca6a6 GynraHHHH KypaMH3. HyHKH 6y axnoiqiap 
rapnn 6at3HjiapH eMOH OKnGaTjiapra eTaxnaG, kohjih, anaMjiH 
BOKetanapra ojih6 xencaAa, acjiHAa KHMMaTjiH Ba Hoe6 xyjiiqiapAHp. 
Bnp 03 hcjiox, KHjiHHca ynap GauiapnaT acaMHJiTHra yjixaH OMMaBHii 
MaH(J)aaT KejiTnpaAHraH 6y HCJioxaraH sea, Hcjiom aManra oiiihpah. 



62 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

ApaGnapAarn ym6y axnoiqiapHHHr 3Hr (J)OHAacH yjixaHH - axjjra 
Ba(J)0 khjihui , H33aTHH-Ha(J)c Ba Mai<;caA capn hhthjihihahp. Hymen 
eBy3JiHK Ba (J)acoAHH MaxB khjihih ynyH xafipy-aAOJiaT hh30mhhh 
ypHaTHin 3apyp. By hh30m 3ca MaHa uiyHAafi a3My-K;apop Ba 
K;aTi.HHTjiHKCH3 aManra ouiMaHAH. 

yjiapHHHr 6h3 THjira ojih6 yTraH axnoKJiapAaH y3ra XHCJiaTjiapn 
x,aM 6op 6ynraH. JleKHH 6y ypuHAa ynapHH My(J)accaji epHTHiiiHHHr 
MaBpHAH 3Mac. 



63 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HACAB, TYFUJIMUJ, YJ1FAMMUJ 

naiifaM6ap ajiaMx,nccajiOMHMHr Haca6jiapn Ba 

xoHaflOH/iapii 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr HacaGnapn yn KHCMra GyjiHHaAH. 
Ehphhhh k;hcm: IIaHFaM6ap ajianxHccajiOMAaH GomjiaHHG 
AAHOHrana cth6 GopaAHraH k;hcm. By KHCMra 6apna TapnxHH Ba 
Haca6 onHMjiapH htth(J)ok; KHjiHiiiraH. 

Hkkhhhh k;hcm: AAHOHAaH 6omjiaHH6, HGpoxHM anaHXHC- 
cajiOMrana GynraH. By KHCMAarn 6axc-MyH03apanapAa hxthjio(J) 
acyAa Kyn GynnG, Gnp acaMOta AAHOHAa TyxraG, yH^aH Hapura 
yTHin 5KOH3 3Mac,- AeHnmaAH. Ahhh uiy HOF^a 6ouiK;ajiapH ytni 
5koh3 Ae6, H6pox,HM ajiaHx,HccajiOMraHa GynraH OTajiapuHHHr 
HCMjiapHHH xejiTHpaAHjiap. )Koh3,- Ae6 aHTaAHraHjiap opacnAa 
OTanapH caHOFH Ba HCMjiapnAa 3HAAH5miap GynuG, ynapHHHr 
HXTHjio(J)jiapH KynaHnG kcthG, xap-xroi rannap KynaifflG KeTraH. By 
Gopa^a aiiTHjiraH raruiap 30 xnimaH ouih6 KeTraH. JleKHH 
x,aMManapH Aahohhh Hcmohji ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr Gonajiapn 
HacjiHAaH 3KaHjiHrHAa myGxa HyKJinrura htth(J)ok; KHjinmraH. 

Yhhhhh k;hcm: HGpoxHM anaHXHCcajioivmaH GomjiaHuG, O^aM 
ajiaHx,HccajiOMraHa craG GopaAH. By cmicmiaAa Tapuxnn Ba Haca6 
onHMjiapH ax,jiH KHToGnapAaH HaKJi KHjiHHraH puBOflTjiapra 
TaaHraHjiap. Ax,jih KHToGnapAaH KHjiHHraH pHB05rniapAa 
GatSHjiapHHHHr yMpnapn Ba 6ouiK;a Hmjiapn xai<;HAa My(J)accaji 
GaeHjiap GynuG, 6h3 ynapHH GoTHjijinrHAa my6xa K;njiMaHMH3. 
K^yiiHAa 6h3 IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr noKroa HacaGjiapnAaH 
xap ynnana k;hcmhh TapTuG 6miaH KejrrapaMH3. 

EHPHJWH K;HCM: MyxaMMaA h6h A6Aajuiox; h6h 
AGAyJiMyrrojiHG, yHHHr hcmh HlanGa - h6h X,ouihm, hcmh Amp - 
h6h A6AyMaHHO(J), hcmh Myrnnpa - h6h Kycaft, hcmh 3anA - h6h 
KhjioG h6h Myppa h6h Kat6 h6h Jlytan h6h FojihG h6h Onxp - 
naK;a6H P^ypaiim GynraH Ba K;a6Hjia yHra HHcGaTaH Kypanm 
AeHHjiraH - h6h Mojihk h6h Ha3p, hcmh K^anc - h6h KnHOHa h6h 
X,y3anMa h6h My^pHica, hcmh Omhp - h6h Hnec h6h My3ap h6h 
Hn3op h6h MataA h6h Aahoh. 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/ 1-2, Tapiixn Ta6apiiii: 2/239-271). 



64 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HKKKBWH KJiCM: AAHOHAaH K>K;opHrH CHjiCHjia GynnG, Aahoh 
h6h y^aA h6h X,aMaHcai. h6h CanaMOH h6h Abc h6h ByB3 h6h 
K^hmboji h6h YGafi h6h Abbom h6h Hoiiiha h6h X,a330 h6h EyjiAOC 
h6h K)ajio(J) h6h To6hx h6h )Koxhm h6h Hoxhih h6h Moxhh h6h 
Ah3 h6h Aic;6ap h6h Y6aHA h6h ,flyo h6h XaMAOH h6h CmiGap h6h 
ilcpnGHH h6h i!x3aH h6h IOjixhh h6h AptaBO h6h Ah3 h6h 
^hhihoh h6h Aiicop h6h A(J)hoa h6h Ahxom h6h My^cnp h6h 
Hoxhc h6h 3opnx h6h K^anjiop h6h Hcmohji h6h HGpoxHM 
ajiaHXHMyccajiOM ( H6h Ca-bA,"Ta6aK;oT": 1/56-57, OaTxyn Eophh: 
6/621-23) 

yfflHHH J^HCM: H6pox,HM ajianxHccajiOMAaH k>k;ophch GynnG, 
h6h Topax, hcmh 03ap - h6h Hoxyp h6h Copyt - eiai Copyr - h6h 
JIomhk h6h MaTyuianxa h6h AxHyx - yHH nanraMGap Haphc a.c 
AeHHjiraH - h6h ilpA - h6h Maxjionji - h6h K^hhoh - h6h AHyui- 
h6h HIhih - h6h O^aM ajianxHccajiOMAHp. 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/1-4, "Tapiixii Ta6apHH" 2/276) 

riaMfaM6ap ajiaw^wccajiOMHi/iHr xoHaflOHjiapM 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr xoHaAOHjiapn — "XpmHMHHjiap 
xoHaAOHH" Ae6 TaHHjiraH. By nanraMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 
6o6onapH Xoiiihm h6h A6AyMaHHO(J)ra HncGaTaH KyjuiaHHjiaAH. 
IIIyHAaH 3KaH 6h3 Xoiiihm Ba yH^aH KeiiHHrH Gonajiapn xai<;HAa 
TyxTanHG, MatnyMOT 6epn6 yTaMH3. 

1. XOIIIHM 

BaHy A6AyMaHHO(J) GnnaH BaHy AGAyAAop (atHH ynapHHHr 
Gojiajiapn) ypTacHAarn MaHcaGnapHH TaKCHMjiam GopacHAa 

KejIHUiyB-GHTHMAaH KeHHH "Py(J)OAaT" Ba "Chk;05It"hH 

A6AyMaHHO(J) GojianapHAaH XpuiHMra ToniiiHpHjiraHH xai<;HAa 
airraG yTraHMH3. Xoiiihm KaTra MOJi-AyHe Ba oGpy-otTnGopra 3ra 
6ynraH sjxa. Y MaicicaAa Ghphhhh GynnG x,oacHjiapHH mypBara hoh 
Tyrpa6 TaoMjiaHTHpraH sjxa. YHHHr acjiH hcmh Amp GynnG, 
mypBara hoh TyrparaHHAaH KeHHH Xoiiihm, jrbHH "hoh TyrpoBW 
homhhh onraH. y Kypaiiiii KaGnjiacn ynyH HHjiAa hkkh 6op e3rn Ba 
Khuikh caBAO xapBOHH ca(J)apHHH TapTnGjiH paBHuiAa nyjira KynraH 
Ghphhhh OAaMAHp. YHHHr x,ai<;HAa uionp KyHHAarnjiapHH 
caTpnapra 6nTraH: 



65 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

$3 hpejuu ynyn mypeaza hoh myzpamzcm, 
Kypsoi^HUJiUK, yayam emzcrn MaKKadazu xpeju 6y. 
K^uuiku, e3zu cacpapjiapea KopeoHimu jfcynarmaH, 
J(ap ukkucuh mapmud v;-6, cyHuam ^ujiean Ajup 6y. 

X,ouihm caBAO xapBOHH GnnaH HIoMra ca(J)apra HHK,aAH Ba 
KaHTHG Kenran, Aahh h6h HaacacopHHHr yFHjuiapHAaH 6npn GynraH 
AMpHHHr CajiMO hcmjih KH3Hra yfijiaHaAH. V GnnaH 6npra 6np 
KaHHa MyAAaT jmiaran, aHa HIoMra ca(J)apra OTjiaHAH. CajiMO y3 
OTa-OHacn x,y3ypHAa jimaG k,ojiah. y XpiimivmaH xpMHjiaAop GynnG 
KOJiraH 3ah. X,ouihm uiy KeTraHHHa K,aHTH6 KejiMaAH. y OanacTHH 
epHAarn Fa330 homjih acoiiAa Ba(J)OT 3tah. CajiMO 497- mhjioahh 
HHjiAa yrHji TyrAH. By 6ona AGAyJiMyrrojiHG sah. HaKanoKKa 
IHanGa Ae6 hom KyHHiiiAH. HyHKH TyrnjiraH norn^a yHHHr GouiHAa 
03rHHa ok; >kohh GynraHAH. 

CajiMO yHH ilcpnGAarH y3 OTacHHHHr yiiHAa TapGnjuiaH 
GouiJiaAH. By xaKAa X,ouiHMHHHr MaxicaAarH OHjiacHAaH xen khm 
3uiHTMaraHAH. X,ouiHMHHHr TypT yrjiH 6yjiH6, ynap: 

AcaA, A6y CancJDHH, Ha3Jia Ba A6AyJiMyrrojiH6jiap sah. Bern 
k,h3h GyjinG, ynap: 

nia(J)o, XojiHAa, Ba3Hta, Py^Ha Ba }KaHHajiap 3 ah. 

2. ASayjiMyTTOJinS 

K)K;opHAa yTraHjiapAaH Ghjiahkkh, Chk,05it Ba Py(J)OAaT 
X,ouiHMHHHr Ba(J)OTHAaH KeHHH yHHHr yxacH MyrrojiHG h6h 
A6AyMaHO(J)ra TeKicaH sah. MyrrojiHG y3 K,aBMH opacHAa uiapa(J) Ba 
MaBKetra sra GynnG, yHHHr rannapHra KyjiOK, cojihhhG, yHra HToaT 
3THjiap 3ah. CaxHHjiHrH Ty(J)aHjiH yHH Kypanm ax,jiH Oane3 p,e6 
HOMjiapAHjiap. 

IIIaH6a-A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6 yjiFannG, 7-8 euuin 6ona GynraH 
nairrAa yHHHr xa6apHHH MyrrojiHG sihhthG KOJiaAH Ba yHH 
axTapnG ilcpnGra xenaAH. IHanGaHH icypnG, hkkh Ky3H einra 
TynaAH Ba yHH Garpnra GocaAH. CyHr yHHHr OHacHAaH yHH 
Maxxara ojih6 KeTHinra H3H cypanAH. ABBannra OHacn pyxcaT 
6epMaHAH. IIIyHAa MyrrojiHG: 

- OTacHHHHr ropTHra, Ajuiox,HHHr xapaMHra GopaAH. PyxcaT 
GepcaHr jixihh GynapAH,- achah. CyHr OHacn yHra H3H GepaAH. 



66 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MyTTOJinG yHH Tyara MMHrauiTHpnG Maxxara ojih6 KenaAH. Yhh 
xypraH OAaMjiap: -By xpHHaxpn, MyrrojiHGHHHr KyjiH 6ynca 
xepax,- AeHHinaAH. IIIyHAa MyrrojiH6 ynapra acaBo6aH: - 
yjiHHrnapeH, 6y yicaM XpuiHMHHHr yrjiH-icy? -achah. HlanGa to 
yjiraHHG, KaTra GyjiryHra Ka^ap MyrrojiHGHHHr yiiHAa amaAH. 
CyHrpa MyrrojiHG ilMaHAarn "PaAMOH" AeraH acoHAa Ba(J)OT 3TaAH. 
YHAaH cyHr A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 bojihh GyjiAH. y y3 K;aBMH opacHAa 
OTanapHHHHr HmjiapHHH AaBOM 3tthph6, uiy KaAap o6py-H33aTra 
apuiiiAHKH, OTanapHAaH xen Gnpn 6ynp,aPi MaKOMra apmiia onMaraH 
3AH. K^bmh yHH jixiiiH icypnG k;ojih6, ynyrjiaH 6ouuiaAHJiap. 
MyrrojiHG Ba(J)OT 3TraHHAaH KefiHH HaB(J)aji A6AyJiMyrrojiH6HHHr 
aMaKHCH arajiHK KHjiraH Hapcanapra xaivuia khjiah. EyHAaH 
Fa3a6jiaHraH AGAyJiMyrrojiHG t^ypanm spxaKjiapHAaH 6np Hena 
KHiiiHAaH aMaKHCHra KapiiiH epAaM cypaAH. yjiap: 

- Bh3 ceH GnnaH aMaKHHr opacHAarn Hiiira apajiaiiiMaHMH3,- Ae6 
acaBoG KHjiAHjiap. IIIyHAa AGAyJiMyrrojiHG BaHy HaacacopAaH 
GyjiraH ToranapHra MaiayG e3n6, ynapAaH MaAaA cypaAH. Toracn 
A6y CatA h6h Aahh MaAHHaAaH 80 otjihk; GnnaH nyjira hhk;ah. 
MaKKa HeTHAarn .Hhaok; AeraH aconra KennG TyuiAHjiap. ynapHH 
AGAyJiMyrrojiHG KyTH6 ojiapxaH: 

- Tyrpn yfira GopaHjiHK 3h Tora! - AeAH. IIIyHAa TOFacn: 

-HyX tokh HaB(J)ajira ynpaiiiMaH Typn6 cemiHr yHHHrra 
GopMaHMaH,- AeAH. HaB(J)aji K^ypaHui manxjiapH GnnaH Gnpra 
xapcaHr toiii ycTHAa yrnpraH sah. AAy CatA yHHHr Tenacnra 
KennG TyxTaAH Ba khjihhhhh 5uiaHFOHjia6: 

-Kai.6aHHHr PoGGncHra KacaMKH, acHJiHHMra Gapna HapcanapHH 
KaHTapnG GepMacaHr, MaHa my khjihh GnnaH KamiaHrHH onaMaH! - 
AeAH. IIIyHAa HaBcjjaji: 

-X,aMMacHHH yHra KairrapAHM,- AeAH Ba Kypaftm OKCOKOJinapHHH 
6yHra ryBOx, khjiah. CyHrpa ynap yMpa nGoAaTHHH aAO 3th6 
MaAHHara KairraG KeTHiiiAH. By BOKetanap GyjinG yTran, HaB(J)aji 
BaHy X,ouiHMra KapuiH BaHy AGAymuiaMC h6h A6AyMaHO(J) GnnaH 
htth(J)ok;hhjihk Ghthmhhh HM30JiaAHJiap. ByHH xypraH Xy30i.a 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 ynyH BaHy Haacacopra epAaM GepAHJiap Ba BaHy 
AA6yuiuiaMcra: 



67 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

-HaB(J)aji CH3HHHr GojiaHrro Gynca, 6y 6n3HHHr 6ojiaMH3. Eh3 yHra 
epAaM Gepnm ynyH xaigiHpoK;MH3,- AeAHJiap. HyHKH 
A6AyMaH0(J)HHHr OHacn Xysota K;a6HjiacHAaH GynraH 3-ah. Ynap 
"fl,opyH HaABa"ra khphihhG, BaHy AGAyunnaMC Ba HaB(J)ajira 
KapuiH BaHy Xoiiihm GnjiaH htth(J)ok;hhjihk Ghthmhhh Ty3AHJiap. 
XyAAH MaHa uiy Ghthm Maxxa (J)aTx,H ca6a6nra afijiaHraH. EyHHHr 
6aeHH HHuiaanjiox, y3 HaB6aTHAa KenaAH. 

A6AyJiMyrrojiH6ra Hacn6 GynraH "EaHTyjijiox"HHHr HimiapHAaH 

3Hr MyXHMH HKKH HIHAHp. 

3aM3aM KyflyfUHM KaB/iaw, Omji BOKei>acM 

BMPMHHM BOKE"bAXynOCACM: 

A6AyJiMyrrojiH6ra 6np KyHH TyuiHAa 3aM-3aM KyAyFHHH KaBjiam 
6yK>pHjiH6, yHHHr >kohhhh CH(J)aTjiapH 6aeH k;hjih6 6epHjiAH. y 
3pTacHAaH 6ouijia6 KyAyKHH KaBjiam HmjiapHHH 6oinjia6 k>6opah. 
5KypxyM K;a6HjiacH cypryH GynuG KeTaerraH nairrAa KyMH6 KeTraH 
HapcanapHH xaM tohhihah. y Hapcanap unii^a KHjiHHjiap, coByTjiap 
Ba onTHHAaH jicanraH hkkh khhhk xaHKamiapH sjxa. J^HjiHHjiapHH 
3Phthihh6, yH^aH KatGara sihhk jicaAHJiap Ba suihkhh onAHra 
onTHHAaH cynana ypHaTHiiiAH. XpacnjiapHH 3aM-3aM cyBH GnjiaH 
cyropHiuHH nyjira KyHflHjiap. 3aM-3aM KyayFH OHHjiran, Kypanm 
KaGHjiacHHHHr KaTranapH A6flyJiMyTrojiH6 GnjiaH yHH Tanama 
GouijiaAHjiap, Ba: 

- 3aM-3aMra 6h3 mepHic 6yjiaMH3, - achhihah. A6AyJiMyrrojiH6: 

- HyK, yHAafi KHjiMaHMaH! MeH yHH (J)aK;aT y3HMra xocnaAHM,- 
Ae6 acaBoG 6epAH. Kypanm 6yHra yHaMaAH. Hm Maxxaiviara 6opn6 
TyxTaAH. BaHy CatA KaGnnacHAaH GynraH Xy3aHM hcmjih KOXHHra 
x,yKMjiauiHin ynyH 6ophihmok;hh 6yjiflHjiap. BaHy CatA KaGnjiacn 
IIIom TenajiHKjiapHAa auiap 3AHJiap. ynap nyjira HHKiflHjiap. ilpHM 
fiyjiAa cyBjiapn Tyra6 kojiah. Ajijiox, A6AyJiMyrrojiH6HH eMFHp 
GnnaH cyropAH. yjiapra 6np tomhh xaM eMFHp TyuiMaAH. IIIyHAa 
3aM-3aM AGAyJiMyrrojiHGra xoc SKaHjinrnHH TyuiyHnG eTAHjiap. 
Max,KaMaAaH bo3 xennG op Kara KaHTAHjiap. ymaHAa 
A6Ay JiMyTTOJinG : 



68 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

-Arap MeHra Ajijiox, 10 Ta yriui 6epn6, ynap Meiiii x,HMoa Kiina 
onaAHraH einra eTramiapiiAa MeH yjiapAaH 6npiiHii KatGaiiii 
onAHAa KypGoHjiHK KiinaMaH, - p,ea Ajinoxra Ha3p ktijiah. 

(H6HX;HinoM: 1/142-47) 

MKKMHHM BOKE"bA XYJlOCACkl: 

XaGauiHCTOH noAmocii Ha:»coffliiiiHiiHr ilMaH MaMjiaicaTiiAarii 3Hr 
Karra hoiiGii ilMamuiHr xyKivmopii A6pax,a ii6h Ca6ox Xa6amnii 
apa6jiapmi KatGaiiii x,aac KiijiaeTraiuiapiiHii Kypran, Canto 
maxpHra acy^a KaTra KaHiica (nepicoB) KypAiipAii. y apaGjiapiuiHr 
x,aac 3HepaTHHH uiy KaHiicara KyniipMOKHii 6yjmH. BaHy 
KHHOHaAaH 6ynraH 6np kiiihii 6ymi 3ihhtii6, TyH^a 5uniipiiHHa yuia 
xaHHca iiniira KiipAiiAa, y ep#a e3iuiii6, axnaTiiHii GiiHOHiiHr K;ii6jia 
TOMOHHra naruiaG, yiiii 6yjira6 hiikah. By iniiAaH AGpaxaHiiHr 
Fa3a6n acyiiGyiiira kcjiah. 60 MiiHr kiiihiijiiik Karra KyiiiiiH acaMjiaG, 
KatGami BaiipoH kiijiiiih ynyii Maxxa TOMOHra iiyji ojiah. K^yinHHAa 
9 Ta eicii 13 Ta Kaira c[)iijijiap x,aM 6op sah. A6pax,a y3ii ynyii 3Hr 
Kaira c[)iijihii TamiaG, yHH >Knxo3JiaTAii. K^yiiiiiH k>ph6-k>ph6 
MyraMMac AeraH aconra eraG icejiiiG TyxraAH. Illy epAa acicapjiap Ba 
(J)HjijiapHH acamra Taiiepjia6, Maxxara Kiipiim ynyii xo3iipjiiiK 
Kypn6 iiyjira TyuiAii. Miiho 6njiaH My3Aajinc[)a ypTaciiAarii 
Myxociip BOAHHcnra eraG KenraHAa c[)iijijiap ern6 ojiii6, Maxxa 
tomoh lopiimra yHaMaAH. OiijijiapHii acaiiyG, ihiimoji eicii uiapK 
TOMOHjiapra TyrpiuiaG xaiiAamca, ynap hoiiii6 xeTap, arap 
acHjioBHHH Maxxa tomoh 6ypiimjiapii 6njiaH ern6 onap SAHjiap. 
ynap MaHa my xonaTAa 6yjin6 TypraH 6np naiiTAa Ajijiox, yjiapra 
KyptOHAa Tiinra oniiHraH "A6o6iihji" Ty^a-Ty^a Kymjiapmi 
K)6opAH. ynap A6pax,a KyiiiiiHii ycTiira canojmaH 6ynraH 
TOuiJiapHii otii6, ynapHii KypT-KyMypcK;ajiap TOMOHiiAaH naiiHaG 
TauinaHraH caMOH Ka6n miMa TeuiiiK ktijiiiG k>6opah. y Kyinnap 
KajiAHproH Ba cJDOJiacoiira yxmam 6yjin6, x,ap 6np Kyni TyMmyriiAa 
6np AOHaAaH, oeiqiapiiAa iikkii AOHaAaH toui Gyjiraii, AeMaic x,ap 
6np Kyuma yn AOHaAaH toui 6yjiraH. y TOinjiapAaH 6npn KiiMra 
Terca, yHiiHr atsonapii y3iuiii6, napnanaHiiG xanoic GyjiapAH. 
Touijiap ynapHiiHr x,aMMajiapnra TerMaraH sjxa. Tom TenviaraH 
KiiMcanap 6np Giipiira KapaMaii ^ona GouuiaAHjiap. ynap 6np 
6npjiapiiHii 3-3ii6-5ihhii6, y3JiapiiHii y3Jiapn x,anoK KiuiAiijiap. 



69 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

AGpaxara sea Ajijiox 6np AapAHH k>6opahkh, y ca6a6jiH yHHHr 
6apM0K;jiapH GyFHHjiapHAaH y3HjiH6 Tyuia GomjiaAH. y xann 
Canbora era6 6opMafi Typn6, jiHrn TyxyivmaH hhkkbh acyacaAex 
GyjinG kojiah. CyHr xyxpax K,ac[)acH epHjinG, K>parH hhkh6 kctah Ba 
xanoK 6yn^H. 

Kypaiiiii ax,jiH 6y acxap GocKHHHAaH KypKnG, acoHJiapHHH caK,jia6 
k,ojihih ynyH Aapa Ba tof HyKKHjiapnra hhkhiuhG, TapK,ajiH6 KeTraH 
3AHjiap. A6paxa acKapjiapnra Ajijioxhhhf Gajiocn KennG xanoK 
GyjiHinran, y3 yHjiapnra scoh-omoh K,aiiTAHjiap. (H6h Xhihom: 1/43 
-56). 

yui6y BOKeta IlaHFaMGap ajiaiixHccajiOM TaBajuiyAJiapHAaH 50 
eKH 55 KyH aBBan MyxappaM oiiHAa coahp GyjiraH 3-ah. By 571— 
mhjioahh HHjiHHHr c[)eBpajiH oxnpH Ba MapT ohh GomjiapHra Tyrpn 
KenaAH. By xoAHca Ajijiox, cyGxaHaxy Ba TaonoHiiHr y3 naiiFaM6apii 
Ba yHHHr xoHaAOHH ynyH TaKAHM 3TraH Tyx,(J)acH 3-ah. 

Eairryji MyK,aAAac TapnxHra Ha3ap cojicax, Ajijioxhhhf 
AyuiMaHjiapHAaH GyjiraH MympHKjiap, 6y KnGnaroxra hkkh MapTa 
srajiHK KHjiraHjiap. y naiiTAa Eairryji My^aAAac ax,jin, 
MycyjiMOHjiap jii>hh TaBXHA ax,jin sah. 

Bhphhhh MapTa pyMjiHKjiap mhjioahhhf 70- hhjih , hkkhhhh 
MapTa MHjioAHH-KaMapHii 587- iiHjiAa ByxTaHaccap 6yHra 
MyBa(J)(J)aK; GyjiraH. JleKHH XaGauincTOH HacoponapHra Kat6aHH 
Kynra khphthuihhhf hjiojkhch GyjiMaAH, BaxpnaHKH yjiap ax,jin 
khto6, MaKKa ax,jiH sea MyuipHKjiap GyjiraH sah. 

ym6y BOKeta myHAaii 6np naiiTAa coahp GyjiAHKH, yHHHr 
xaGapn ep KyppacHHHHr Kaira KHCMHra TapK,ajiHiiiH hmkohh 6op 

3AH. 

XaGauuiapHHHr pyMjiHKjiap GnjiaH GyjiraH ajiOK,ajiapH acyAa KynjiH 
GyjiraH. Oopcnap sea PyM Ba yHHHr HTTH(J)OK;HHjiapH Ay^op 
GyjiaAHraH xap 6np BOKetanapHH (J)ypcaT noiijiaG Typap SAHJiap. 
HlyHHHr ynyH xaM Oopcnap yui6y BOK,ei>aAaH cyHr 3yAJiHK GnnaH 
ilMaHra xejiAH. By hkkh Oopc Ba PyM ojiaMAarn 3Hr pHBoaoiaHraH, 



70 



AppoxuKVJi Maxmy.M 



~c la " II (Jjj^yJI 



\TV 



Ohji BoivCi.acn ^apuTacn 




71 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KyApaTjin AaBjiaT sah. By BOKeta GyryH onaM AHiwaT s^thGopkhh 
acanG 3th6, EaHTyjuioxHHHr mapac[)HHH HaMoeH 3tah. Ajijiox, 
yjiyrjiauinHK ynyH Hxraep 3TraH ep Eaihyjuiox 3icaHjiHrHHH 
6hjiahph6 KyiiAH. 

IIIyHAaH 3KaH, ymiHr axJiHAaH 6npoH kiiihii naiiFaMGapjiiiK 
AatBOCH 6naH HiiK;ca, y MaHa my BO^eta TaK030 3TraH HapcaHii 
aiiHii y3HAaH 6ouiK;a Hapca 6yjiMaiiAii. 3epo 6y Bo^eta 3aMiipiiAa 
amiipiiHiiG eTraH x,HKMaT - Ajijioxhii hhmoh axJiJiapii 3apapnra 
MyuipHKjiapAa GyjiraH ojiaMAarii ca6a6jiapAaH K>K;opii GyjiraH iiyji 
6njiaH hhmoh ax,jiHra KypcaTraH epAaMiiAiip. YuiGy hjiox,hh HycpaT 
3aMiipiiAarn x,HKMaTHHHr Ta(J)CHpH x,aM aiiHii uiy GynraH. 

A6AyJiMyrrojiH6HHHr 10 Ta yrjin GyjinG, ynap: X,opnc, 3y6anp, 
A6y TojihG, AGAyJuiox, X,aM3a, A6y JIax,a6, FaiiAOK;, MyKaBBHM, 
3npop, A66oc. EaMiuiap yjiapHH 1 lTa GyjiraH Ae6, IfycaMHii 3iiiiAa 
KHjiHinraH. Bai.3Hjiap 13Ta 6yjiiimraH Ae6, A6Ayji Kai.6a Ba 
XaacHjiHH KyuiraHjiap. Isii3Jiapii sea 6Ta 6yjin6, ynap: YMMy 
X,aKHM-HCMH Baroo, Bappa, OTiiica, Co<J)hhh, ABpo Ba YMaiiMajiap 
6yjiraHjiap. 

(H6hXhihom: 1/108-09). 

Pocyjiyjixio* cajiJiajuio^y anaMx,n Ba carmaMHiiHr 
OTanapw A6flyjuio* 

A6Ayjmox,HHHr OHacH OoTHMa Giihtii Amp ii6h Max3yM ii6h iliqa 
ii6h Myppa. AGAyJuiox A6AyJiMyTTOJin6 6ojiajiapn irqiiAa shx 
HupoHjinrn, 3Hr noKH3acH Ba 3Hr cyiOMjmcii 6yjin6, Kyp6oHjniK 
ynyH Ha3p KiuiiiHraHii x,aM myHiicii sah. 

AGAyJiMyrrojiHGHHHr Gojianapii 10Ta 6yjin6, ynap shah ymi 
Xhmoji KHjia onaAHraH GyjiraHiiHii GiuiraH, 6ojiajiapnra y3ii aTa6 
KyMraH HapcaHii GiijiAiipAii. Eojianapii yHra irroaT KiuiiiiiijiapiiHii 
MatnyM ktijiiiihah. BaHy A6AyJiMyTTOJin6 yriijuiapiiAaH K;aii GiipiiHii 
KypGoHjiHK kiijiiiih x,ai<;HAa Kypta TauuiaAH. K^ypta AGAyJuioxHHHr 
neioira TyuiAH. AGAyJuiox A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6 ynyH OAaMjiapHHHr 
3Hr cyiOKjiHCH sah. Y uiyHAa Ajijiox, cy6x,aHax,y Ba Taonora 
eji6opn6: 

- 3ta Ajuioxhm, AGAyJuiox exii 100 Ta Tya,- ji,Qjxa. CyHr A6flyjiJiox; 

GiuiaH 100 Ta Tya opacHAa icypta TauuiaAH. Kypta 100Ta Tyara 

Tyrpn xejiAH. 

(TapnxH Ta6apHii: 2/239). 



72 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

EoiiiKa 6np puBOATAa aHTHjiHiiiHHa: 

A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6 yFHjinapHHHHr HOMjiapHHH "KaAax," nynjiapHra 
63h6, ynapHH Xy6ajiHHHr Ha3opaTHH-x,OAHMHra ojih6 6opah. y 
nyruiapHH 6np x,ajrrara cojihG, ynapAaH GupuHH topthG ojiah. 
HMK^aH nyn^a A6AyJiJiox,HH homh e3HjiraH sah. A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 
A6AyJiJiox,HH cyiiHui ynyH y3H GnnaH 6npra x,aH»cap ojihG, 
KatGaHHHr onAHra ojih6 Kenjxa. J^ypaHin ax,jiH A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6HH 
6y HuiAaH TycAH. XoccaTaH A6AyJiJiox,HHHr BaHy Max3yMAaH 
6ynraH ToranapH Ba aicacn A6y TojihG KarrHK; KapinHjiHK khjihihah. 
IIIyHAa A6AyJiMyrrojiH6: 

- ATa6 KyMraH Ha3pHMHH HHMa KHjiaMaH?- ji,Qjxa. yHra Ajuio(J)a 
5tbhh GauiopaTHH aejiHHHr onAHra GopmimH MacnaxaT GepAHJiap. 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 Ajuio(J)aHH onAHra GopraHHAa Ajuio(J)a yHra 
AGAyjmox, GnnaH lOTa Tya ypTacHAa Kypta TamjiaiiiHH, arap 
KyptaAa A6AyJiJiox,HH hcmh HHK;ca JiHa lOTa KymnG KairraAaH Kypta 
TauuiauiHH GyropAH. ilHa AGAyJiJioxHHHr homh HHK;ca aHa lOTa Tya 
KymnG, GouiKaTAaH Kypta TamjiaiiiHHH, myHAaH k;hjih6 to Ajijiox, 
po3H 6yjiryHHHa xap ca(J)ap 10raAaH Tya KymnG GopaBepHiiiHHH, 
KanoHKH Kypta^a Tyjuiap GnrHjiraH nyn HHK;ca, uiy TyjuiapHH 

KypGOHJIHK KHJIHIHHHH TaHHHJiaAH. 

A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 K;aHTH6 kcjihG, AGAyJuiox, GnnaH lOTa Tya 
opacHAa Kypta TamjiaAH. K^ypta AGAyJiJioxra hhk;ah. lOTa Tya 
KymnG, aHa KairraAaH Kypta TamnaAH. K^ypta JiHa A6AyJiJioxra 
hhk;ah. X,ap ca(J)aprH KyptaAa AGAyJiJioxHHHr homh HHK;ap Ba 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 sea JiHa 10raAaH Tya KymnG 6opap 3 ah. X,aTro 
Kyptara KyHHjiraH Tyjuiap cohh lOOTara eTraH^a Kypta Tyanapra 
Tyrpn KenAH. IIIyHAa lOOTa Tya cyHHUAH Ba ynapHH ryuiTHAaH Ha 
6np hhcoh Ba Ha 6np hhptk;hh xaHBOHHH TycnjiMaAH. 

yuia nairrAa KypaHiii KaGnjiacn Ba 6ouiK;a apaGnap opacnAa 6np 
OAaM ynyH lOra Tya AH&i-TaBOH CH(J)aTHAa onHHap sah. Ma3Kyp 
BOKetaAaH cyHr 6np hhcoh ynyH TynaHaAHraH ahhh lOOTa Tya 
3th6 TaHHHjiaHAH. KeHHHHanHK Hcjiom x,aM uiy MHKAopra Kapop 
Khjiah. IlaHFaMGap ajiaHx,HccajiOMAaH KHjiHHraH pnBoaTra xypa, y 
khuih: 

dp^i ill ujI l-Jl 



73 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

"Men ukku KypdounuKKU amajiean (omaJiiHum yzjiuMan", - 

AeAHjiap. iltHH OTanapH AGAyjiJioxHH Ba Hcmohji ajiaiixHccajiOMHH 
Ha3apAa TyTAHjiap. 

(H6hXhihoh: 1/151 - 155) 
A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6 yrjiH AGAyJiJioxHH Bax6 h6h A6AyMaHO(J) h6h 
3yxpa h6h KHjioGffiiHr kh3h OMHHa 6hhth Bax6ra yiijiaHTHpHiiiHH 
HXTHep khjiah. Yuia AaBp^a OMHHa P^ypaiim K;a6ajiacH 
aejuiapHHHHr Haca6 Ba uiapa(J) aciixaTHAaH 3Hr ac[)3ajiH xncoGjiaHap 
3AH. YHHHr OTacH sea BaHy 3yxpa KaBMHHHHr uiapa(J) Ba Haca6 
5KHx,aTHAaH caHHHAH sjxft. AGAyJiJiox, GnnaH OMHHaHHHr TyiijiapH 
MaxxaAa GyjiAH. AGAyjmox, OMHHa GnjiaH 6np MyAAaT jmiaraHHAaH 
cyHr A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6 yHH y3jiapHra TermiijiH GyjiraH xypMO 
xochjihhh hhfh6 KejiHuiH ynyH MaAHHara acyHaTAH. AGAyJiJiox, 
yma epAa Ba(J)OT 3-tah. EoiiiKa 6np pHBOATAa sea: 

AGAyjmox, caBAO GnnaH IIIoMra ca(J)apra HHK;aAH. Y IIIoMAaH 
KairraeTraH K^ypaiiiii icapBOHH GnjiaH iiyjira hhk;h6, iiyjiAa Kacanra 
najiHHaAH. y Kacan xpjiHAa MaAHHara Kejni6 TymaAH Ba yuia epAa 
Ba(J)OT 3TaAH. A6AyJiJiox,HH HoGnra )Kai>AHHHHHr xOBJiHcnra Aa(J)H 
KHjiaAHJiap. Yuia naiiTAa A6AyJiJiox, 25 euiAa sah. YHHHr Ba(J)OTH 
IlaHFaMGap ajiaiixHccajiOM TaBajuiyAJiapHAaH ojiahh k>3 GepraH. 
Axcapn TapnxHHjiap uiyHAan AeiiAHjiap. YjiapAaH GatSHjiapn, 
TaBajuiyAJiapHAaH 2 oh eiai 03rHHa KynpoK ojiahh pyii 6epraH 
AeiiHuiaAH. 

(H6hX,hihom: 1/156-58, Tapnxii Ta6apHH:2/246, PaBsnAHHiJ): 1/184). 

AGAyjiJioxHHHr Ba<J)OTH xa6apn Maxxara eraG xejiraHHAa OMHHa 
6np aacn6 Mapcna yKHAH: 

at. LaiJl ^i l^jli. 1 aaJ Jjla. j ajjl& jjjl £y* sLa lajl ' ■ ijl 7- lit 

ajjlft jjjl (jla qj: till ^i ' - iS jj Loj IfrjLala SjCi bliajl 4JC.J 

|X^ I Viil ,-3 4j L^-ngl a ) alaj JJ \jji Q aLo^J I a^.1 3 4 J > iir. 

jXi.1 Jjll jffi lj UaJL* (jl£ j5j IgJJjj b Llall 4j] li. jSi jjli 

Boduunap x,aM 6yuia6 i^o/idu X^ouium ymuH ityyomud. 

V3 mpmudcm mauiKfipuda eypea Kupdu, KCKpamiea nymanud. 

Ajtcaji ynu nopnazandu emu6 6opdu mcoh deputuea tuaujicmud. 

X,en qyujuadu, J(oiuum ysjiim lopjuosuea coup 3mu6. 

Ken Kupzcmda ojiu6 Kenuuidu modymunu Kymapud. 

Kyjidcm Kyma o/iutudujiap epowiapu 3iimatuu6. 

Eyjiean adu Kyn MeypudoH, caxoeam cox,u6. 



74 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

0paMU3dan ojiu6 Kemdu ajtcaji ynu (pypcamu emu6. 
AGayjuiox, y3HAaH kchhh OHjiacnra 5Ta Tyji, 6np Kypa Kyii Ba 
6np Xa6auiHH nypn aenAaH 6oiiiK,a xen Hapca K,ojiAHpMaAH. Hypn 
aejiHHHr hcmh Eapaica GynnG, KyHJiCH YiviMy AfiMaH sjxa. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba caiuiaM TyrnjiHiiijiapHAa 
AOjijihk KHjiraH aen xyAAH my YMMy AiiMaH 6yjiraH. 

(Ca^H^H Byxopnii: 3/1392, 1771-x; ) 

TABAJlJlYfl BA HYBYBBATflAH OJlflMHrM KHPK 

I/IMJ1 

IlaHFaMGapjiap caMHAH MyxaMMaA h6h AGAyjiJiox, 
(ajiaiccHCcajiOM) Maxxa maxpn, KypaiiiiiHHHr BaHy X,ouihm 
KaGHjiacHAa, Ohji BOK,ei>acH iiHjiHAa, PoGHirtyji aBBan oiiHHHHr 9- 
AymaHGa KyHH TOHr nairraAa Ay Hera KejmHJiap. By Kncpo 
AHyuiepBOH noAmoxJiHrHAaH 40 hhji yTran, mhjioahh 571— 
HHjiHHHr 20 eKH 22 cura Tyrpn KenaAH. By caHaHH Karra ojihm 
MyxaMMaA CyjiaiiMOH MaHcyp(J)ypHH poxHMaxyjiJiox, Tax,K,HK, 
KHjiraH. (Max,MyA nouiuio OajiaKiiii: "HcjiOMAaH ojiahhiti Apa6 
KajieHAapn HaTHacanapH" 28-35- Gerjiap. KfiduMzu Munoduii 
ma^euMea Kypa 20 - anpen, hhzu Mimoduii ma^euMea Kypa 22 - 
anpema Myecxpw^ Kenadu.) 

H6h CatA pHBOATura xypa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
cajinaMHHHr OHajiapn uiyHAafi AeAHJiap: 

- MeH yHH Tyrap nornMAa (J)ap>KHM (hkkh ocfhm opacn)AaH 6np 
Hyp hhkahkh, y HypAaH HIoMHHHr KacpnapHrana epHmnG kctah. 
Hmom AxMaA , flopHMHH Ba 6oiiiK,a poBHHjiap xaM myHra jik,hh, 
atHH my MatHOAarn phbojithh KejrrapraHjiap. IIaHFaM6apjiHKHHHr 
hjik AapaKHHjiapH TyFHjimii norjiapHAa coahp GyjiraHjinrn phboat 
KHjiHHraH. 

3poH KHcpocH afiBOHHAaH 14Ta paBOK KyjiaG TyuiraH, 
MaacycHHjiapHHHr CHFHHaAHraH ojiOBjiapn my KyHH ynnG KOJiaAH. 
CoBa xyjiH GyiiHAarH nepicoBjiap KyjiaG, BafipoH 6yjmH. KyjimiHr 
cyBH nacaiHiG kctah. YuiGy xoAHcanapHH TaGapnH, EaiixaKHH Ba 
6omK,a xaAHC ojiHMjiapn phboat KHjiranjiap. JIckhh y xaniqiap 
TapHXHAa 6y xOAHca xaKHAa xen Hapca AeiiHjiMaraH, rapnn y 



75 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

xaniqiap y3 TapiixjiapiiHii acyna AHiwaT 6njiaH KyHjiii 
e3HjiraHjiHrHHH AatBO KiincajiapAa. 

OMHHa TyKKaHAaH KeiiiiH HaKanoKHiiHr 6o6ocn GyjiMiim 
A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6ra OAaM K>6opn6, HaGiipaciiHiiHr cyiOHHii 
xaGapiiHii eTKa3Aii. A6AyJiMyTrojiii6 moA-xyppaM xojma Kejin6, 
HaKanoKHH KyrapiiG, Kat6a iiniira ojiii6 KiipaAii. Ajinoxra uiyxpoHa 
airrn6, Ayo khjiah. A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 HaKanoKKa MyxaMMaA AeraH 
iicmhii iixTiiep KiuiaAii. By hcm apaGnap opaciiAa Tamim GyjiMaraH 
3AH. ApaGnap OAaTiira Kypa, TyFiuiraHjiapiiHiiHr 7-KyHii yHii xaTHa 
KHJlAHpAH. 

Oiiajiapii 6np x,a(J)Ta 3Mii3AiipraH, A6y JIaxa6HiiHr Hypiicii 
CyBafiGa hcmjih aen Macpyx hcmjih yrjiHHHHr cyTHra mepHK 
k;hjih6, PocynyjiJiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH 3mh3ahpah. 
CyBafiGa Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaMAaH ojiahh 
X,aM3a h6h AGAyJiMyrrojiHGHH 3MH3raH sjxa. PocynyjiJiox, 
cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaMAaH kchhh A6y CanaMa ii6h 
AG^yJiacaA Max3yMiiiiHii xaM 3Mii3AiipraH. 

( Caxnxn ByxopHfi: 2645, 5100, 5101, 5106, 5107 
Ba 5372 - xa/jHcnap, Tapnxii Ta6apiiH::2/158) 

Ba Hy Catflfla 

IHaxapjiapAa auiaiiAiiraH apaGjiapmiHr OAaTjiapiira Kypa, ynap 
y3JiapiiHiiHr HaK,ajioiqiapHHH 3Mii3Aiipiiui ynyH HeKKa-neKica epniiK 
aenjiapHii ncTa6 Toniiuiap SAHJiap. EyH^a 6ona maxapAarn 
KacajuiiiKjiapAaH iiiipoK; 6yjin6, aciiCMjiapii Kynjiii, acaGnapii 
6ai<;yBBaT, Tiuijiapii 6yppo 6yjin6, iiypraKAaHOK apa6 tiijiiihii nyxTa 
ypraHiiG yjiraaAii. AGAyJiMyrrojiiiG 3Mii3yBHii aenjiapHii axTapiiG, 
BaHy CatA h6h Eaicp K;a6njiaciiAaH 6np aejiHii Ton^n. y aen A6y 
3yaii6 AGAyJiJiox, ii6h X,opncHiiHr kh3h X,ajiiiMa 6yjin6, spii X,opnc 
ii6h A6AyJiy330, KyHJiCH A6y Ka6ma 6yjin6, y xaM aiiHii uiy 
KaGiijiaAaH 3#h. y epAarii axa-yxa, ona-ciiHriijijiapii AGAyjiJiox, 
ii6h X,opnc, AHiica 6iihtii X,opnc, X,y30(J)a exii )Ky30Ma 6hhth 
X,opnc (yHiiHr naK;a6ii IHaiiMO 6yjin6, iiCMiira fojihG GynraH sah.) 
y Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaMra K,apa6, Tap6na 
khjihG TypapAii. Ba aMaKiinapiiHiiHr yrnii A6y Cy(J)eH ii6h X,opnc 
ii6h AGAyJiMyrrojiiiGjiap. AMaKiinapii X,aM3a ii6h AGAyJiMyrrojiiiG 
xaM BaHy CatA h6h Eaicp K;a6njiaciiAa 3Mii3iuiraH sah. Blip KyHii 
yHiiHr OHacii Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaMHiiHr 

76 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

OHanapn X,anHMaHH ynnra KenraHHAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy 
anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH 3mh3ahpah. X,aM3a h6h AGAyJiMyrrojiHG 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaMra hkkh TOMOHjiaMa 
3MHKA0UI axa Gyjia^H, jtbhh CyBafiGa Ba CatAHira TOMOHHAaH. 

(3o/iyji-Mao/i: 1/19). 

X,anHMa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM 
ca6a6napHAaH OAaivuiapHH xaiipoH K,ojiAHpaAHraH AapaacaAa 
GapaxoTjiapHH KypAH. KejiHHr jixihhch 6y xa^HAa yHHHr y3HAaH 

KHJiraH pHBOflTHH SfflHTailJIHK. 

H6h Hcxok, y3 pHBOflTHAa inyHAaii achah: 

-KyHjiapHHHr GnpHAa X,ajiHMa, 3pn, 3mh3hkjih khhhk y>jiH Ba 
CatA h6h Baxp K,a6HjiacHra MaHcyG GyjiraH 6np Hena aejuiap GnnaH 
3MH3AHpHin ynyH 6ona ncraG hhk,hihah. X,ajiHMa 6y xaKAa inyHAaii 

XHK05I KHJiaAH! 

By x,OAHca KypFOK,HHjiHK iiHjiHAa GyjraG, 6n3Aa xen BaK,o 
KOJiMaraH sah. MeH y3HMHH ok; smarHMra mhhh6 HHK,K,aH 3ahm. 
BH3HHHr GnprHHa K,apn yproHH TyaMH3 GyjinG, yHHHr ejiHHHAa 6np 
KaTpa x,aM cyTH nyK, sah. Bh3 GnnaH Gnpra GyjiraH Gojianap TyH 

6yHH OHJIHKAaH HHFJia6 HHK;ap SAHJiap. BH3 yjiapHHHr HHFHCHAaH 

yxjiafi onMacAHK. MeHHHr KyKparHMAa xaM, TyaHHHr ejiHHHAa x,aM 
ynapHH fonaTryAeic Gynca^a cyT fiyK; sah. HyHKH y3HMH3 ynyH x,aM, 
Tya ynyH x,aM eryjiHK HapcaHHHr y3H nyK, sah. JleKHH 6h3 eMFHp 
ernG cepoGnHjiHK 6yjra6 xeTap AeraH HjiHHacAa auiap sahk. MeH 
6oa anTraHHMAeK ok; suiarHMHH mhhhG HHK,K,aH 3ahm. YHHHr 
x,apaKaTH cycannG, OHjinrH ca6a6 3ypra-3ypra OAHMjiapAH. Bnp 
Hjioac k,hjih6 MaKKara eTn6 KennG, 3mh3ahphui ynyH Gojia K,HAHpa 
GouiJiaAHK. Bh3 GnnaH 6opraH aejuiapHHHr xaMManapn 6npHH KeTHH 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaMra pynapa GyjiAHjiap. Y 
aennapra 6y GojiamiHr cthm GyjraG, OTacn HyiqiHrH airrajiraH, 
acTarHHa GojiaHH KyiinG KeTapAHJiap. HyHKH 6h3 aejuiap SMaAHraH 
6onaHHHr OTacHAaH yHaAHraH Tyx,(J)ajiapAaH yMHA KHjiapAHK. Bh3 
aejuiap: - " Ethm?! YHHHr OHacn Ba 6o6och 6n3ra HHMa x,aM Gepap 
3Ah", - Aea na6 6ypap sahk. Bh3 yHAan GonaHH ojihuihh eK,THpMac 
3Ahk. MeH GnnaH KenraH aejuiapHHHr xaMMacH 3MH3aAHraH Gojia 
TonAHjiap. 3hah K,aHTH6 KeTHinra TaneprapnHK Kypa GouinaHraH 
3AH. 3pHMra uiyHAan acahm: 



77 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

-Aiuioxra KacaMKH, MeH HiepHKjiapHM opacHAa GnpoHrajiM 6ona 
ojiMafi K;aHTH6 KeTrHM fiyK;. HHMa 6yncaaM 6opn6, yuia eTHM 
6onaHH ojih6 KeTaMaH. y MeHra: 

- Eopn6 ojih6 KenHH, 3opa Ajijiox, yuia eTHM 6ona ca6a6jiH Grora 
6apaxa 6epca,- acah. Men 6opn6 GonaHH ojih6 kcjiahm. MeH yHH 
ojih6 KenHuiHM, 6ouiK;a 6ona Tona onMaran, MaacGyp GynraHHM 
ynyH sah. yHH 6arpHMra onraHHMAa 3mhih ynyH TannnHnG, 
KyxparHMra ofh3 cojiah. EnpAaH KyicparHM hhh6 cyT KennG kctah. 
Bona TyHryHHHa smah, yH^aH KeftnH y3HMHHHr yrjiHM xaM 
TyHryHHHa smah. KefiHH xap hkkhch xaM yftKyra KeTAH. Eh3 6np 
Hena KyHAaH 6epn GojiaHHHr HHFHCHAaH yxjiafi ojiMac sahk. 3pHM 
KapH TyaMH3HHHr ojiAHra GopraH sah, yHH ejiHHH cyTra TyjinG 
TypraHHHH icypnG, yHH cofh6 xejiAH. MeH xaM spnivi xaM cyT hhh6 
TyHAHK. Illy xyHH thhh yxjiaG TOHr otthpahk. 3pTacn TOHrAa 3pHM 
MeHra: 

-XyAO xaKKH, 6apaxa uiaGaAacHHH ce3ancaHMH, sh XajiHMa? - 
AeAH. MeH yHra: 

-MeH Ajuiox,AaH aHHH uiy HapcaHH cypanMaH, - acahm. KeHHH 
6h3 fiyjira hhk;ahk. MeH GojiaHH GarpHMra ojih6, suiarHMra 
mhhahm. 3maK uiyHAan acaAamiaG lopap 3ahkh, KapBOHAarn 
GnpoHTa suiaK yHra eTn6 loponMac sah. HlepHKjiapHM MeHra: 

-3h A6y 3yi.aH6HHHr k;h3h, 6H3Jiapra paxM KHjirHH, icypnG 
xeTKyp. Illy ceH mhhh6 KenraH yma suiaKMH y3H?! - AeHHinap 
3AHJiap. MeH ynapra: 

-Xa, XyAO xai^H, 6y yuia smaKHHHr xyAAH y3n! - Aep 3ahm. 
yjiap Taaac5Ky6jiaHHuiH6: 

-XyAO xaKKH, GyHHHr acyAa KynaHuG k6th6ah,- Aep SAHJiap. 
IIIyHAan k;hjih6, 6h3 BaHy CatAAarn y3 yHjiapHMH3ra eTn6 xejiAHK. 
Ep K)3HAa 6n3HHHr epHMH3AaH Kypa, K;aK;pa6-K;aK;LuaraH, ruexcie 
6npoH epHH GnjiMac 3ahk. Bh3 MyxaMMaA (ajiaHXHCcajiOM)HH 
y3HMH3 GnjiaH ojih6 KenraH KyHHMH3AaH 6omjia6, Kyii- 
3HKHjiapHMH3 K;opHH yrra, ejiHHH cyTra TyjinG Kenap, 6h3 ynapHH 
cofh6, cyTjiapHHH Ma33a k;hjih6, ryPniQ nnap sahk. Ahhh my nanTAa 
6ouiK;ajiap cyT cora ojiMac, Hymen ynapHHHr xaHBOHjiapn ejiHHHAa 
cyTHHHr y3H fiyK; sah. XaTTOKH K;aBMHMH3HHHr MOJiAop OAaMjiapn 
y3 nynoHjiapHra: 



78 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

-Kypn6 KeTKypnap, crojiap xaM A6y SytaHGHHHr kh3h 
HynoHjiapn 6oK,K,aH HOHAa GoKHHraap! - Aea TaHHHjiamap 3 ah. 
yjiapHHHr x,aHBOHjiapH KopHHnapn oh, ejiHHjiapH 6ym K,aHTca, 
MeHHHr MOJi-KyMjiapHM K,opHH Tyic, enHHjiapH THpcHjijia6, cym 
okh6 Kenap sah. Eh3 AjuioxHHHr 6n3ra GynraH 3neAa xafip- 
6apaKOTjiapHHH stTHpocj) 3th6, jimaG Kenap sahk. Ha^ano^ 2 emra 
Tyji^H. MeH yHH cyT^aH HHK,apAHM. y myHAaH Te3 yjiraHnG 6opap 
3AHKH, 6omK,a GonajiapAaH xen 6npn yHnajiHK ynraHMac 3-ah. y 
hkkh enira TyjiHG-TyjiMaH xyAAH Karra GonajiapAeic 6ai<yBBaT 
6ynraH 3-ah. Yyoi KyicpaKAaH annpnG, OHacn OMHHaHH onAHra ojih6 
kcjiahk. MeH HH-HHHMAaH yHH 6h3 GnnaH K;aHTH6 kcthuihhh HCTap 
3Ahm. Hymen 6h3 y Ty(J)aHjiH eFHJiaerraH xanpy-GapaKanapHH y3 
Ky3HMH3 GnnaH aHHK; Kypap sahk. MeH yHHHr OHacn GnnaH 
ranjiauinG, yHra: 

- Arap yrjiHM KaTrapoK; GyjiryHHna 6h3 GnnaH 6npra Konca jixihh 
GynapAH. MeH yHra Maxxa BaGocn TermiiHAaH acyAa KypK,aMaH,- 
AeAHM. MeH yHra rannpaBepAHM, rannpaBepAHM Ba hhxo^t 6h3 
GnnaH K;aHTH6 KeTHuinra yHH KyHAHpAHM. 

KyKCMHM epMtij x,Oflncacn 

IIIyHAan khjihG, MyxaMMaa (anaHXHCcajiOM) BaHy CatAra K,aHTH6 
xejiAH. H6h Hcxpk KHjiraH pHBOjrrra Kypa, K,aHTH6 Kenran, opaAaH 
6np Hena oh yTH6, 6omK,a TaxKHKHHjiap cy3napnra Kypa, 4 
euiJiapHAa KyKCHHH epmii BOK,ei>acH GynnG yTAH. MycjiHM AHac 
po3H5uuioxy aHx,yAaH KHjiraH pHBOJiTAa y uiyHAan achah: 

- Myx,aMMaA (anaHXHCcajiOM)HHHr onAHra )Kh6ph.ji 
ajiaHx,HccajiOM KenraHHAa, y Gojianap GnnaH yimaG lopap SAHjiap. 
)Kh6ph.ji yHH yuijiaG, epra eTKH3AHAa, KyicparHHH epn6, loparHHH 
HHK;apAH. CyHr yHAaH 6np napna KyfiHic; k,ohhh HHK,apAH Ba: 

- By ceHAarn uiaHTOHHHHr HacnGacn sah,- acah. CyHr lopaicHH 
ojithh acoMra cojih6, 3aM-3aM cyBH GnnaH kdbah. Kchhh lopax 
GyjiaKjiapHHH 6np Gnpnra enHuiTHpnG, xyxpax K,ac[)acH nnnra 
KHprH3AHpH6, y3 acoiiHra KanTapnG KyiiRii. Eonajiap yHHHr 3MH3raH 
OHacn X,anHMaHH onAHra hohhihhG KenAHjiapAa: 

-Myx,aMMaAHH yjiAHpAH,- Aea ihobkhh KHjiAHjiap. X,anHMa yHHHr 
onAHra rorypnG xenraHAa, paHrn ynnG 6np axBOJifla Typap sah. 



79 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MeH yma KyKpaKjiapHAarH THKHjiraH jkohhh h3hhh Kypap sahm,- 
AefiAH AHac po3H5uuioxy atixy. 

(Ca^H^H MycnHM: 1/147, 261- x). 

Me^pn6oH OHa 6afpnra 

YuiGy BOK;et>a 6yjiH6 yrraHHAaH kchhh X,ajiHMa yHra 6npoH 
Hapca 6yjiH6 KOJiHiiiHAaH icyp^nG y3 OHacnra KaHrapnG 6epAH. 
Myx,aMMaA anaHXHCcanoM to 6 euiJiapHrana OHanapn GnnaH 6npra 
auiaAHjiap. 

OMHHa MapxyM spHHHHr ilcpnGAarH K;a6pHHH GopnG, 3nepaT 
Khjihui yHHHr xoTHpacH ynyH axrupoM Ba Ba(J)0 #e6 Ghjiah. 
y30iqiHrH 500 km. HaMacHAara fiyjira OTjiaHAH. y GnnaH 6npra 
eTHM 6onacH MyxaMMaA(ajiaHXHCcajiOM), xoAHMacH yMMy AfiMaH 
Ba KaiiHOTacH A6y TonnGjiap xaMpox, Gyn^Hjiap. ynap MaAHHaAa 
6np oh Typran, opTra KairrAHjiap. Hynra HHKKaHjiapHAaH xen KaHna 
yTMafi, OMHHa Kacan GynnG kojiah. yHHHr Kacann KynaHnG xeTAH. 
MaKKa GnnaH Ma^HHa ypTacHAarn A6bo homjih acofira 
eTraHjiapHAa Ba(J)OT 3tah. 

(H6h X,miiiom: 1/168, "Tam<;HXH ©yxyivi" 8-6) 

f aMfyp 6060 *y3ypwfla 

AGAyJiMyrrojiHG xaM OTa xaM OHacHAaH aacpannG KOJiraH eTHM 
Ha6npacHHH ojih6 Maxxara KafiTAH. 6 euiJiH MyxaMMaA 
(anaHXHCcanoM), 3ckh apanapn THpHannG, jiHrHTAaH MycnGaTra 
Aynop Gyn^Hjiap. AGAyJiMyrrojiHGHHHr K;aji6HAa eTHM HaGnpacnra 
aacn6 6np Mexp naft^o GyjiAHKH, y 6y MexpHH y3 (J)ap3aHAJiapHAaH 
xen Gnpara HHcGaTaH xhc KHjiMaraH 3-ah. y em MyxaMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHH y3 GonanapHAaH opthk; Kypap Ba xaprH3 ymi 
ejiFH3 KOJiAHpMac 3 ah. H6h Hcxpk pHBOflTHra Kypa: 

KatGaHHHr coacnra A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6 ynyH acofi xp3HpjiaHH6, 
Tyuiax cojihG KyHHjiap sah. yHHHr yrHjuiapn Tymaic aTpo(J)HAa 
yTHpnuiap, to AGAyJiMyrrojiHG yiiHAaH hhkh6 KenMaryHHra Ka^ap 
xen khm y Tyuiax ycrnra yrapMac sah. By sea AGAyJiMyrrojiHGra 
HHcGaTaH 6ynraH sxthpomhh H(J)OAa 3TapAH. MyxaMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM yiiHaG iopraH 6ona GynnG, iceiinG TymaKica yrHpuG 
onap 3ah. AMaKHjiapn yHH 6y Human Kairrapap SAHJiap. yjiapHHHr 
KaHTapaeTraHjiapHHH KypraH A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 yrnjuiapHra: 

- By yrjiHMHH Tex KyHHHrnap, KaHTapMaHraap, yHHHr y3 
MaBKetCH 6op,- Ae6 anrapAH. CyHr y KennG AGAyJiMyrrojiHG 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6miaH Gnpra Tymaic ycTHAa yrapap sah. EoGoch ymiHr 6oui Ba 
opKanapHHH CHjiapAH. By sea yHra acyAa eK;ap sah. Myx,aMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM 8 em 2 ofiy 10 KyHjiHK GyjiraHjiapHAa GoGojiapn 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 MaxxaAa Ba(J)OT stah. y Bac[)OTHAaH ojiahh 
HaGnpacHHH yFHjinapHAaH A6y TojihG y3 Kac[)OJiaTHra ojihuihhh 
BacuHT k;hjiah. A6y TojihG Myx,aMMaA ajiaiix,HCcajiOMHH OTacHHHHr 
TyFHinraH aicacn sjxa. 

MyiiJc|3MK aiviaKM *y3ypwfla 

A6y TojihG yicacHHHHr yrjiH Myx,aMMaA ajiaiix,HCcajiOMHH GarojiT 
3x,thpom Ba 3x,thmom GnnaH TapGira KHjia GouuiaAH. A6y TojihG 
Myx,aMMaA ajiaiix,iiccajiOMHii y3 Gonajiapii cacjmra KyumG, yHH 
Gapna GonajiapiiAaH optiik; icypap Ba yH^aH Gop (J)a3Jiy 
Mapx,aMaTiiHii Aapnr TyTMac 3ah. AGy TojihG Myx,aMMaA 
ajiaiix,iiccajiOMHii 40 iiiijiAaH optiik; MyAAaTAa y3 x,iiMoaciiAa ojiiiG 
xejiAii. y Myx,aMMaA ajiaiix,iiccajiOMHii p,e6 GiipoBjiap GiinaH 
AycTjiauica, GiipoBjiap GiinaH AyumaH GyniiG yMpiiHii yncasAH. 
HHina Ajijiox, y3 ypHii^a GyHiiHr GaeHjiapiiHii Tiinra 0JiaMii3. HGh 
AcoKiip )KajixyMa iiGh yp(J)yTaAaH KiuiiiHraH piiBoaTAa y myHAaii 
AeiiAH: 

- MeH Maxxara KenraHHMAa y epAa KyproKHHjiHK GyjiraH GyniiG, 
Kypaiiffl ax,jin AGy ToniiGra: 

-Boahh KypiiG, ax,jiy-aejijiapiiMii3 KiiiiHajiiiG xeTAii. Ken eMFiip 
cypariiH,- achhuiah. AGy TojihG GnnaH Gnpra Gup Gojia-aciiaHii 
x,aM hiikaii. y ryexii, GynyT TycraH Kyenifleic nopnaG Typap sah. 
yHHHr aTpo(J)HAa Gonanap yHMajiaHHuinG Typap sah. BynyT yH^aH 
iiHpoKJiauiAH. AGy TojihG yHH ojmHAa KatGara opK;a khjihG, cyaHnG 
TypAH. Bona sea yHHHr nHHacnra cyKHjinG ojiah. OcMOHAa GnpoHTa 
x,aM GynyT iiy^ sah. X,ap Tapa(J)AaH Gyjiyrjiap cy3nG xena GouuiaAH. 
OcMOHra GyjiyTjiap hhfhjihG, acana Kyji GouuiaAH. BoAHHJiapAa 
cyBjiap OK;a GouuiaAH. flauny caxponap KyM-KyK Maiicajiapra 
GypxaHAH. AGy TojihG KyiiHAarH caTpnapAa uiyHra nuiopa KHjiraH 

3AH. 

(J/slj VI A " ■ ^**- (^^Jjl (J L«J A &~? J.' *Laijl ^°.i'".njj. '— .J <l j 

Ajijio^huhs H)3U una dynymdcm ejusup Kymunadu. 
EmuMJiapHUH? nonacu deeajiapnum ^umohcu. 



81 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

BaxMPipo pox,n6 

Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiafixH Ba cajuiaM 12 euira (amiKpoFH 12 
em, 2 oiiy 10 kyhjihk) erraHjiapnAa, A6y TojihG ymi y3H GiuiaH 6npra 
IIIoMra caBAO cacJDapura ojih6 hurrah. Ynap IIIom xyAyAHAarn 
XypoH maxapjiapiiAaH 6npn GyjiraH Bycpora eraG KejiAHJiap, y yma 
Bai<;TAa PyM xyRMpoHjinrn ocTHAa 6y\nraH apa6 AHepjiapiiHHHr 
MapKa3H 6ynraH sah. By maxapAa Eaxniipo Ae6 TaHHjiraH 6np 
nGoAaTryH poxnG 6yjin6, ymiHr hcmh )Khp:>khc GyjiraH sah. 
KapBOH KennG Tyuiran, Eaxniipo ynapra neniB03 hhkah. y GyH^aH 
ojiahh xen 6np KapBOHHHHr ojiAHra HHK,K,aH 3Mac sah. y xyAAH 
Ghpobhh KHAHpaeTraHAeK K,apBOH opanaG lopap sah. Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajuiajuioxy ajiafixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr ojiAHra kcjihG, KyjuiapiiAaH 
yuinaAHAa: 

- By 6ona 6yTyH onaMjiap caMHflHflHp. y 6yTyH onaMjiap 
IlapBapAHropHHHHr sjihhchahp. Ajijiox, yHH 6yryH onaMjiapra 
paxMaT k;hjih6 K)6opran,- acah. HlyHAa A6y TojihG Ba Kypaftm 
OKCOKOJinapH: 

- CeH 6yHH KaepAaH GujiAHHr? - p,e6 cypaniAH. 

- Crojiap AaBOHAaH omraH nairrjiapHHrAa, caac^a KHjiMaraH Ha 
GnpoH AapaxT Ba Ha 6npoH toui kojiah. Tomy-AapaxTjiap 
(J)aK;aTrHHa naHFaM6apjiap ynyH caac^a KHjiaAHJiap. MeH yHH 
enKacHAarn KyparnHH ocTHAarn ojiMaAex KenaAHraH naHFaMGapjiHK 

MyX,pHAaH TaHHHMaH. yHH 6H3 y3 KHT06jiapHMH3Aa e3HJiraHHHH 

KypraHMH3,- Ae6 acaBoG 6epAH. CyHrpa ynapHH MexMOH khjiah. 
Eaxniipo A6y TojinGAaH yHH IIIoMra ojihG GopMaii, Maxxara 

KaHTapHUIHHH HJITHMOC KHJIAH. HyHKH HIOMAa flXyAHH Ba 

pyMjiHKjiap 6op 6yjra6, ynapAaH 3x,thct Gyjium 3apypjiHrHHH 
aiiTAH. A6y TojihG Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiccH Ba cajuiaMHH 
6at3H xoAHMjiapn GnjiaH 6npra Maxxara KairrapuG K)6opAH. 

<Dn>Kop ypMUJM 

Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy ajianxn Ba camiaM 20 euira eTramiapiiAa 
yxK03 6o3opHAa JsypaHin 6njiaH K^anc Ahjioh K;a6iuiajiapii 
ypTacH^a TapiixAa Onacop ypyuin p,e6 hom onraH Mamxyp ypym 
6yjin6 yTAH. By ypyui^a KnHOHa K;a6iuiacn x,aM K^ypanui GiuiaH 
x,aMKopjiHK KHjiraH 3ah. By ypyriiHiiHr GomjiaHiimiira ca6a6: BaHy 



82 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KnHOHa K;a6HjiacHAaH GynraH Bappo3 hcmjih 6np khihh K,aiic 
AfijiOHAaH 3 khuihhh yjiAHpaAH- By xa6ap Ykko3 6o3opnra 
eTraHHAa, hkkh K,a6Hjia Gnp-GnpnapHra K,apiiiH oeKK,a TypaAH. 
KypaHiii GnnaH KHHOHaHHHr yMyMHH KyMOHAOHH Xap6 h6h yMaira 
6ynraH sjxa. HyHKH ymiHr eiim xaM, MapTaGacH xaM yjiyr GynraH 
3AH. KyHHHHr 6hphhhh apMH^a ypyin napxnajiarH KnHOHa 
3apapnra aHjiaHaerraH sjxa. KyHHHHr hkkhhhh jipMura 6opn6 
BOKetanap rnpAoGn K^ancHHHr 3apapnra annaHa GouinaHaAH. Ypyui 
k;h3h6 6opaerraH nanTAa Ga^n 6np KypaHiHjiHKjiap Tapa(J)jiapHH 
cynxra naKupAH. CynxHHHr TaK,030CHra Kypa - xap hkkh Tapa(J)AaH 
6ynraH Tajio(J)aT jrbHH ynraHjiap cohh caHa6 HHKHjiaAH Ba Kancn 
Tapa(J)AaH yjiAHpujiraHjiap cohh Kyn Gynca, yma opTHK, 6ynraH 
yjiHKjiapra ahhh, atHH TaBOH nyjin TynaHaAH. HlyHra Kypa ypTa#a 
cynx, Ghthmh Ty3HjiH6, ypyuiHH TyxraTAHjiap. Illy GnnaH Tapa(J)jiap 
ypTanapHAarn AyuiMaHHHjiHK Ba eMOHjiHKjiapra neK KyHAHjiap. 
YuiGy ypyuiHHHr Onacop ypyiiin #e6 HOMjiaHHuinra ca6a6 - 6y 
ypyui k;oh TyKHin xapoM KHjiHHraH on^a coahp GyjinG, ytma 
Illaxpyn XapoMHHHr xypMara TyKHjiAH. By ypyuma MyxaMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM xaM K,aTHaiiiH6, aMaKHjiapnra othui ynyH yigiapHH 
x,03Hpna6, y3aTn6 TypraHjiap. YuiGy hkkh K,a6mia ypTacnAarn 
6ynraH 6y ypyui 4-6op GyjinuiH sjxa. ABBanrn ynTacn kohjih 
TyKHamyBrana eTn6 GopMaraH, 6ajiKH y3apo 6axc-TopTHinyB, 
ap3HMac acaHacaji Ba y3apo JipamyB GnnaH HHTuxpcura eTraH sah. 

1- cnra 6np KnHOHajiHK OAaMHHHr K,aftc K,a6njiacHAaH GynraH 6np 
KHuiHAaH K,ap3H GyjinG, ytni y3 BaKTHAa TyjiaMafi Hy3n6 lopraHH 
ca6a6 6ynraH. 

2- cnra KnHOHa K,a6njiacHAaH GynraH 6np khihh Ykko3 6o3opHAa 
(J)axpjiaHH6 K>praHH ca6a6 6yjiraH. 

3- cnra MaKKanHK 2 HHrnr K,aiic KaGnjiacHAaH GynraH 6np ry3aji 
aenra TeraacaKjiHK KHjiraHii ca6a6 GynraH snH. 

4- cnra sea Eappo3HiiHr KHjiraH (JjoacHpjiHrH ca6a6 6yjin6, y 
k,ohjiii TyKHauiyBra ojiiiG kcjiaii. 

(Eyjiap %aKuda myjiiiKpoK MObJiyMomjiap ojimokhu ucmazanjiap H6h AcuupHum 
"Komum " homjiu acapuza Mypootcaam Kiviuuuiapu MyMKUH. 160 — 64 — Gem). 

Oo3Mjijiap KeHraujM 

Ma3Kyp ypyiimaH KefiHH xapoM ofijiapHAaH 6ynraH Syn^a^a 
oiiHAa MaKKa^a "Oo3Hjuiap KeHrauiH" GyjinG yT^H. By KeHrauiAa 

83 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Kypaiiiii K;a6njiacHHHHr ypyrjiapn GynraH BaHy X,oihhm, BaHy 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6, AcaA h6h A6AyJiy330, 3yx,pa h6h KhjioG Ba TaiiM 
h6h Myppa K,a6HjiajiapHAaH OAaMjiap HaKHpHimH. Ynap 6y KeHram 
ynyH AGAyjmox, h6h JKyAtOH TaiiMHHHHr x,OBjiHCHra HHFHrmHjiap. 
HyHKH AGAyjmox, h6h )KyAi>OH ein Ba uiapa(J) >KHx,aTHAaH ynapHHHr 
yjiyraapH GynraH 3-ah. Ynap 6y KeHrauiAa uiyHAafi K,apop K,a6yji 
KHjiAHjiap. 

- MaKKa uiax,pHAa x,ox, yHHHr ax,jiHAaH Gyjicmi, x,ox, GeroHa OAaM 
GyjiCHH, 6npoH KHMcara 3yjiM KHjiHHMaiiAH. Arap 6npoH KHiiiHra 
3yjiM KHjiHHryAeK 6yjica, my KeHram HiiiTpoKHHjiapH oeKK,a Typn6, 
Ma3JiyMra KyinHjiH6 to yHHHr x,aK,KHHH yH^HpnG GepHjiMaryHHHa 
THHHHMaHAHjiap. YiiiGy xeHramra Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,H 
Ba canjiaM x,aM ai>30 Gyjiranjiap. Ajijiox, y khihhhh naHFaMGapjiHK 
mapa<J)Hra Myaccap KHjiraHHAaH xenHH ym6y KeHram x,aKHAa 
myHAan AeHAHjiap: 

"Men Addyjiiiox, u6h jKyfrbOHHum yuuda 6up Kemaiuda 
utumupoK ameciHMdH. Yhuhz 3eo3uea Men ynyu k,u3uji mynnap 
6yjiuiuuHU ucmaMauMUH. Aeap HcnoMdajiuK daepuMda x,um my 
Kemaiuea naqupujicoM, imdamma ynu K,a6yji Kfuizan dynapduM." 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/166). 
yin6y KeHraiiiHHHr pyx,H-MOx,HHTH, KaBMHHjiHKAaH KennG 
HHK;aeTraH >kox,h.jih5it x,aMH5iTHra 6apx,aM 6epnm GynraH 3-ah. Ym6y 
KeHraiiiHHHr TauiKHJi Gynnmnra 3y6aiiAHH K,a6HjiacHAaH GynraH 
6np khiiih BOKetacH ca6a6 GynraH sjxa. Y MaKKara coTHm ynyH 
MaTonap ojih6 KenraH, yHHHr MaTOJiapHHH Ocb h6h BofcHji cothG 
ojih6, yHH x,aK,KHHH 6epMaiiAH. IHyHAa 3y6aiiAHH y3 K,aBMHHHHr 
HTTH^OKHHjiapH GynraH AGnyAAop, Max3yM, )KyMax„ Cax,M Ba 
Aahh KaGnjiajiapHHH Ocb h6h BotHjira K,apiiiH epAaMra naKHpAH. 
JleKHH ynap 3y6aiiAHHra 3tTH6op GepMaAHJiap. IHyHAa y A6y 
K^yGaiic tofh ycTHra hhkhG, y3Hra KHjiHHraH 3yjiMjiapHH 
H(J)OAajiaHAHraH metpjiapHHH GanaHA obo3 6njiaH yKHii GomjiaAH. 
Illy nairr 3y6aiip h6h A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 yHHHr cuiAHAaH yraG 
KOJiaAH Ba: 

-By MaTpaKKa HHMa 6yjiAH? - Ae6 TyxraG K,cuiaAH. Ehphh-kcthh 
OAaMjiap KennG HHFHjia 6oinjiaAH. X,aTro K>K,opHAa HOMjiapn THjira 
ojiHHraH KaGnjia aMOJiapHAaH Gapnanapn acaivuiaHAH. Illy epAa ynap 



84 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KeHramuG, ymiHr xaKKHHH yHAHpnG Gepumra axAJiauiAHJiap Ba Oc 
h6h BoHjiHHHr onAHra GopnuiAH Ba yHAaH 3y6aHAHHHHHr xaKKHHH 
topthG ojih6 GepHiuaAH. 

Me^HaT c^aojiM^TjiapM 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajijioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajiJiaMHHHr ycMupjinic 
HOFjiapHAa uiyFyjinaHraH Mya&iH 6np Hmjiapn 6yjiMaraH sjxa. 

JleKHH pHBOaTJiapAa V KHIHHHHHr Kyfi GOKKaHJiapH 3HKp KHJIHHraH. 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajijioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM BaHy CatAAa Ba 
MaKKa^a yHHHr ax,jiHHH KyHjiapuHH KHiipoT (£Hp^aM)jiap 3Ba3nra 
GoKKaHjiap. 

(Ca^H^H ByxopnH:2262->Q 
yjiraHuG iiHrHT Gyjiran, Kyii GoKHiimaH caBAorapjiHKica yTAHJiap. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajijioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM Coh6 h6h A6y Coh6 
6miaH uiepHKjiHK caBAO KHjinmraHH phboat KHjiHHraH. Coh6 acyAa 
axuiH uiepHK 6yjin6, y xen KanoH 6np HapcaHH GepKHTMac, ryMOH 
xaM KHjiMac Ba TajiamuG TopTHiiiMac sah. Maxxa cpaTx, GyjiraH KyHH 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajijioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH GarpuHH ohh6 icy-ruG 
ojiah Ba: 

- IHepuruM, xaM GupoAapuM xym KejiHGcic! - acah. 

(CyHaHH A6y /JoBy/i: 2/611, H6h Moxcxca: 2/767, MycHa^H Axm£w 3/425) 
Myx,aMMaA anaHXHCcajiOM 25 euira eTraHHAa XaAHna 
po3Hajuiox,y aHx,OHHHr MOJinapH 6nnaH IIIoMra TiracopaT cacpapuHH 
KHjiAHjiap. H6h Hcxpk uiyHAafi achah: 

- X,aAHna 6hhth XyBafijiHA oGpy-stTnGopjin, 6aAaBjiaT caBAorap 
aen 6ynraH. y y3 MOJiura apxax KHmmiapHH etuiaG, mepHKjiHK 
THacopaT KHjiap 3ah. KypaHiiijiHKjiap acocaH caBAorap K;aBM GyjiraH 
3AH. X,aAHna 6hhth XyBafijiHAra MyxaMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 
pocTryg, OMOHaTAop Ba ry3aji axjiOK coxh6h SKaHjiHicnapHHH 
xaGapn eraG Kejiran MyxaMMaA ajiaftxHccajiOMra OAaM K>6opn6, 
y3HHHHr mojih GujiaH IIIoMra THacopaTra GopmiiHHH Ba yHra 6ouiK;a 
MOJiAopnap 6epaAHraH xai<;HH 3Hr ac[)3ajiHHH GepHiiiHHH xaMAa yHra 
xH3MaTKopH Maiicapa xaMcacpap GyjiHiiiHHH MatnyM khjiah. 
MyxaMMaA anaiixHccajiOM 6y TaioiHcpHH K;a6yji KHJiAHJiap. 
X,aAHnaHHHr mojih GnjiaH Maiicapa xaMpoxAHrHAa cacpapra 
HHKAHjiapAa IIIoMra eraG GopAHJiap. (H6h Xmihom: 1/187-88). 



85 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

^aflMHa 6mhtm XyBaiiJiiwa yiijiaHMiijjiapM 

Yjiap IIIom ca<J)apHAaH yjiKaH c[)OHAa Ba jixihh icaHcJmjmiap GnnaH 
KaHTHG xejiAHJiap. X,aAHna 6y HHrHTAa, Hjirapn xen 6npoH OAaMAaH 
KypMaraH OMOHaTAopjiHKHH Ba MOJiHAarn GapaicaHH KypAH. yHHHr 
xH3MaTKopH cac[)ap AaBOMHAa 6y HHrnrAa KypraH xncjiaTy 
(J)a3HjiaTjiapHH y3 x,oacacHra GnpMa-Gnp rannpnG 6epAH. X,aAHna 6y 
HHrHTAarn xyiHMyoMajiajiHK, yTKHp (J)hkpjihk, onHHacaHoGnHK, 
pocTryHjiHK, ofhp-6ochk;jihk, OMOHaTAopjiHK Ba KaTtHaTjiHK icaGn 
(J)a3HjiaTjiapHH smHTran, rye HyKoraG KyiiraH Ba aHnaAaH 6epn 
HCTa6 ropraH HapcacHHH TonraHAeic GyjiAH. K^aHnaAaH K,aHna 
caHHHAJiap, KaGnjia GomjiHiqiapH yHra yHjiaHHin HiiiTHeKHAa cobhh 
Kyap, X,aAHna 3ca ynapHHHr xaMMacura paA acaBoGnHH 6epn6 
xenapAH. y y3HHHHr 3Hr hihohhjih AyroHacn Hacjmca 6hhth 
MyHa66ax,ra loparnAarn ranjiapuHH afiTAH. Hacjmca MyxaMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr onAHra 6opn6, X,aAHnara yHjiaHHiHjiapuHH 
TaBcna khjihG ran ohah. MyxaMMaA ajiafixHCcajiOM 6yHra po3H 
Gyji^Hjiap Ba aMaKHjiapn A6y TojihG 6miaH 6y xaKAa raruiainAHJiap. 
A6y TojihG X,aAHnaHHHr aMaiaiCHHH onAHra yHHHr KyjiHHH cypa6 
6opAH. niyHAafi khjihG MyxaMMaA ajianxHCcajiOM X,aAHna 
OHaMH3ra yHjiaHAHjiap. Hhkox, MapocHMHAa KypaHiiiHHHr BaHy 
X,ouihm Ba My3ap K,a6HjiacH GomjiHiqiapH K,aTHainAHJiap. By hhkox 
IIIom ca(J)apHAaH kchhh, opaAaH 2 oh yTran GyjinG yTAH. 
MyxaMMaA anaHXHCcajiOM X,aAHna OHaMH3HHHr Maxpnra 20 Ta em 
Tya 6epAHJiap. Yuia nanrAa X,aAHna 40 euiAa GynnG, Haca6, Gohjihk 
Ba aKJi-HApoK acHx,aTHAaH kbbm aejinapHHHHr 3Hr a(J)3ajiH GynraH 
3AHjiap. y Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiafixH Ba camiaM yfijiaHraH 
Ghphhhh aen GyjinG, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba caiuiaM 
yHHHr ycriira 6omK,a xotiih ojiMaraHjiap. X,aAHHaHiiHr Bac[)OTiira 
KaAap 6omK,a aenra yiijiaHMaAiijiap. 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaibcii Ba cajuiaMHiiHr H6pox,iiMAaH 
y3ra 6apna 6ojiajiapn X,aAHHaAaH TyriuiraHjiap. Y IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMra 6 Ta c[)ap3aHA TyraG GepAii. Ynap: 

1- K^ochm. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba caiuiaM yHHHr 
HCMHra KyirajiaHiiG, AGyjiKOCHM Aennjiap SAHJiap. 2- 3aHHa6, 3- 
PyKHa, 4 - YiviMy TyjicyM, 5 - OoTHMa Ba 6 - AGAyjmox, GynnG, y 
TohhhG Ba Toxnp Ae6 naK;a6jiaHap 3ah. 



86 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

yFHjinapHHHHr x,aMManapH em 6ojiajiHK norjiapHAa Ba(J)OT 
3THinraH. Ammo K;H3JiapHHHHr Gapnacn Hcjiom AaBpn^a xaM auia6, 
hhmoh HetMaTHra MyBafJxJjaK; GynnG, x,H>KpaT KHjiraHjiap. JleKHH 
KH3JiapHHHHr OoTHMa po3HHjuiox,y aHx,OAaH 6ouiK;ajiapH 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr xaeTjiHK 
HOFjiapHAa Ba(J)OT TonraHjiap. EnprHHa OoTHMa OTanapHAaH KeHHH 
k;ojih6 6 oh auiaraH, cyHr OTanapHra HyjiHKKaHjiap. 

Ka*b6aHM Kafrra Kypuw Ba xaxaivi Tatii/iH/iaw 

MyaMMOCM 

Myx,aMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 35 einjiapHAa K^ypaHui KatGaHH 
KafiTaAaH KypHiii, atHH TatMnpnam HiujiapHHH GouinaG k>6opah. 
HyHKH KatGa AeBopHHHHr o^aM GyiiHAaH K>K;opHpoK k;hcmh 
xapcaHr Tomjiap GnjiaH KHjiHHraH GyjinG, ymiHr GajiaHAJinrH 
Hcmohji ajiaiixHccajiOM AaBpH^aH 9 ra3 (TaxMHHaH 6.75m) GyjinG, 
TenacH ohhk;, uih(J)tch3 GyjiraH. Enp MapTa yHHHr HHHAarn xa3HHa 
GoHjiHKjiapHHH 6np rypyx, yrpHjiap yrnpnaG xaM KeTHiiiraH. Illy 
GnnaH 6npra, y v^jxayam eAropjiHK GyjiraHH Tyc^aiijiH sckhphG 
AeBopjiapn eMHpHjia GouinaraH sah. MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHccajiOM 
naHraMGapjiHKKa Myaccap GyjiHimiapHAaH 5 hhji aBBaji MaxxaAa 
KaiTHK; cen kojihG, yHHHr ok;hmh EaihyjixapaMra tomoh iiyji 
conraH. YuiGy cen TatcnpnAaH KatGa AeBopjiapn Hypa6 KeTHinnra 
03rHHa conraH. IHyHAaH cyHr K^ypaiiiii KatGa Ghhochhh 
aHrHjiauira Kapop khjiah. Y-Jiap Ghhohh aHrHjiaui ynyH (J)aK;aTrHHa 
xajioji-noic, neuiOHa Tepn GnjiaH TonmiraH Ma6jiaFHH HiiijiaTHiii, 
yHra cyAxypjiHK, TaacoBy3KopjiHK, OAaMjiapAaH 3yjiM iiyjiH GnjiaH 
topthG ojiHHraH MaGjiarjiapHH acno apajiainTHpMacjiHKKa Kapop 
KHjiAHjiap. 

Yjiap KatGaHH 6y3HiimaH nyHHiiiap SAHJiap. KatGamiHr 
AeBopnapHHH Ghphhhh GyjinG BajiHA h6h Myrniipa Max3yMHH 
Gouijiap 3KaH, MHtBaji (jiom eiai KHpica)HH Kyjinra ojih6: 

"AwioxyMMa na nypuudy ujuiajixoilpo", jtbhh "3ii Ajijiox;um, 
6u3 (paK,armuHa rxuiujiukhu xpxflauMU3 y ',- ^ea jjyo k;hjih6, 
6y3Hinra khphiiiah. OAaMjiap yHra xen Hapca GyjiMaraHHHH icypnG, 
spTacH KyHAaH 6omjia6 Ghhohh 6y3Hinra khphihah. Huihh a^bom 
3tthph6, to HGpoxHM ajiaHx,HCcajiOM KyiiraH acoc((J)yHAaMeHT)raHa 
6y3HiiiAH. CyHr KypHjimii HiujiapHHH Gomjiamra TaiieprapjiHK 



87 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

xyp^Hjiap. KatGaHH 6np Hena KHCMra TaKCHM k;hjih6, xap 6np 
KaGnjia ynyH 6np khcmhhh GepAHJiap. X,ap 6np K;a6mia anoxHAa 
Touinap HHra GouiJiaAH. IIIyHAaH cyHr 6hho KypHjiHiiiH GomnaHAH. 
EoicyM hcmjih pyMjiHK Ghhokop ycTa Kypmium HuinapHra 
Goiuhhjihk khjiah. KypHjiHiii "K^opa toui" ypHHra erraHHAa "K^opa 
toiii"hh y3 >KOHHra KyHHiii xai<;HAa TopTHinyB K)3ara Kenjxa. YuiGy 
TopTHinyB 4 eKH 5 xyH AaBOM 3tah. By TopTHinyB uiy Ka^ap 
KynaHAHKH, xarro Xapaivmeic My^aAAac epAa inHAAaTjiH ypyui 
anaHracH GomjiaHHiiiHra 03 kojiah. HyHKH "K^opa toiii"hh y3 
acoiiHra KyHHiii 3Hr uiapa(J)jiH hiii GynuG, xap 6np K;aBM yHH acoHHra 
KyMraH OAaMHH y3JiapHAaH GyjiHiiiHHH HcrapAH. IIIyHAa A6y 
yMafia h6h MyrnHpa Max3yMHH ynapra Hyn xypcaTAH. yHHHr 
(J)HKpHra Rypa, y3apo GouinaHraH TopTHinyBra MacacHA 
AapB03acHAaH 6hphhhh GynnG KnpuG xenraH OAaMHH xaicaM 
KHjiHHaAH. XaMManapn yHHHr (JmicpHra KyinHjiH6 po3H 6yjiAHJiap. 
Ajijiox, yui6y Ghphhhh GynnG KnpuG xenraH OAaM MyxaMMaA 
anaHXHCcanoM GyjiHiiiHHH npoAa KHjiraH 3-ah. Ynap xy3ypjiapHra 
AapB03aAaH khph6 KejiaerraH MyxaMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH icypnG 
acoHjiaHH6 xeTAHjiap Ba: 

- By MyxaMMaA AMHHKy, po3HMH3, 6h3 yHHHr xyKMHra 
po3HMH3! - achhuihG, OB03JiapHHH Kyrap AHJiap . MyxaMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM ynapHHHr onAHJiapHra cth6 Kenran, BOKetaAaH 
xaGapAop KTuiHHAHjiap. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM 
ynapAaH 6np phao (noHinaG) ojih6 KejiHuuiapHHH Tana6 KHjiAHjiap. 
Ynap phaohh ojihG KejiAHjiap.Myx,aMMaA ajianxHccajiOM phaohh 
epra ennG, "K^opa toiii"hh KyrapnG, yHHHr ypTacnra KyHAHjiap Ba 
TopTHinaeTraH K;a6Hjia GomjiHigiapHHH KennG pHAOHHHr xap 
Tapa<J)jiapHAaH KyTapHuuiapHHH GyiopAHJiap. K^aGHjia GomjiHiqiapH 
Phaohh xap Tapa(J)jiapHAaH KyrapraH xpjuiapHAa yHH KyHHjiaAHraH 
acoHHra ojihG GopAHJiap. CyHr nanraMGap anaHXHCcanoM touihh y3 
Kyjijiapn GnnaH KyrapnG, y3 aconnra KyHAHJiap. IHyHAan k;hjih6 4-5 
KyHjiHK TopTHinyBra ca6a6 GynraH Mactajia y3 enHMHHH tohah. 
Bapna K;aBM axiuiapH 6y nuira po3H GyjiAHJiap. 

JsypaHiujiHKjiapHHHr xanojiH nox Ha(J)aK;ajiapH 6hho KypHjiHiiiHHH 
oxHpHrana MyxaMMaji TyraTHinra eTMafi kojiah. IIIyHAa KatGaHHHr 
uihmoji TOMOHHAaH 6 ra3 KenaAHraH khcmhhh KHCKapTHpAHjiap. 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

YuiGy KHCKapTHpHjiraH KHCMura "Ajix,aacap BanxaTHHM" Ae6 hom 
KyiiAHjiap. Kat6a suiHrHHH epAaH GanaHApoK k;hjih6 ypHaTAHjiap. 
Yjiap 6yHAaH Kat6a HHKapncHra ynap HcraraH OAaMjiapAaH 6ouiK;a 
xen khm KHpMacnHrHHH Hpo^a 3TAHjiap. BHHOHHHr GanaHAJiHrH 15 
ra3ra eTraHHAa 6Ta ycTyH ypHaraG yHHHr TenacHHH enAHJiap. 
KypHjiHiii HHx,oacHra eTraHHAaH cyHr Kai.6a AeapjiH TypTGypnaic 
uiaKjiHra KenAH. BHHOHHHr GanaHAJiHrH 15 MeTp, "K^opa toui" 
KyHHjiraH AeBopHHHr Ba yHHHr KapuiHCHAarH AeBopHHHr y3yHjiHrH 
10 MeTpra eTapAH. K^opa toui ypHaTHjiraH aeon TaBOCJ) epH^aH 1.5 
MeTp GanaHAJiHKAa 3-ah. 3ihhk ypHaTHjiraH tomoh AeBopn Ba yHHHr 
KapuiHCHAarn AeBopHHHr y3yHHHrH 12 MeTpra eTapAH. KatGamiHr 
3iiiHrH ep^aH 2 MeTp lOKopnra ypHaTHjiAH. Tainan TOMOHAaH 
KatGaHKHr aTpo(J)HHH KyiiiHH GnHOJiapAaH nGopaT 6ynraH AeBop 
ypa6 Typap 3ah. YHHHr ypTana KajiHHjiHni 3 MeTp, GajiaHAJinrH 25 
MeTp 6yjin6, IIIo3paBOH p,e6 HOMjiaHapAH. y KatGaHHHr acnHAaH 
6ynraH Ba JsypaiiiiijiHKjiap yHH k;ojiahph6 KyiiraH 3 ah. 

(H6hX,hihom:2/192, Tapiixn TaGapim: 2f289, CaxiixiiEyxopHH: 1/215) 

riaMfaM6apjiMKflaH onflMHrM x,aeTjiapn x,aKMfla 
KMCKana MatJiyMOT 

IlaHFaMGap anaiixHccajiOM yjiraHHuijiapH acHOCHAa y3JiapHAa 
HHCOHjiapAa GynaAHraH 6apna jdciiih xncjiaTjiapHH acaMjiaraH 
SAHJiap. TyrpH (J)HKp Ba y30K;HH icypa Ghjihih GopacHAa Kuccaic 
HaMyHa coxh6h Gyjiranjiap. 3HHpaicjiHK, KeHr (JmicpjiHK, Tyrpn 
TyuiyHHui Ba MaKcaAHH aHrjiam Ka6n (J)a3HjiaTjiapAaH y3 
HacnGajiapKHH TyjiHK onraH SAHJiap. y 30T y3jiapHHHHr caMapann 
aiyuiapn Ba co(J) c[)HTpaTjiapH epAaMHAa acaMrorrjiap axBOJin, 
OAaMjiapHHHr xpnaTjiapn (ncHxojionracH) Ba xaer cax,H(J)ajiapHHH 
chhhkobjihk GnnaH MyTOJiata k;hjih6 HHKKaH SAHJiap. nanraMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr maxcjiapn iOK;opHAa THjira onHHraH 
xHCJiaTjiapAaH y3ra xypo(J)OTjiapAaH nox GyjiraH. MyxaMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM OAaMjiap GnnaH ynapHH TyjiHK aHrjiaraH xpjiAa 
MyoManaAa GynraHjiap. K^aepAa 6np 5dcihhjihk hui GyjiraH 6ynca 
yHra mepHK GynraHjiap. yHAaii 33ryjiHKHH Tona onMaraH 
HOFjiapHAa, y3napHHHHr aohmhh y3JiaTjiapHra KaihraHjiap. y khuih 
MacT KHjiyBHH uiapoGnapHH HHMac, GyTjiapra aTa6 cyiiHjiraH 
xanBOHjiap ryuiTHAaH eMac Ba GyTjiapra TaajuiyiyiH GanpaMy 



89 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MaacjiHCJiapAa KaTHaiiiMac SAHJiap. Eajnai GonanHK HOFjiapnAaHOK 
6y 6othji MatGyAanapAaH HacjjpaTjiaHap 3AHjiap. X,aTro 3Hr eMOH 
xypraH Hapcanapn my GyTjiap 6yjiH6, JIot, Y330 icaGu 6yTjiap 
HOMjiapHra HHHjiraH KacaivuiapHH suiHTHiiira x,aM TOK;aT KHjia onMac 
SAHjiap. 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/128, Tapiixn Ta6apiiH: 2/161, 
Tax3H6ii Tapiixn J^sMams;. 1/373-76) 
K^aAapn Hjiox,hh y 30thh MyAOC^ata KHjiraHjiHrura x,en my6x,a 
fiyK;. Hhcohhh Ha(J)CHHHr 6ai.3H 6np Ayne MaTOJiapura hhthjihihh 
TaGnHH x,oji. HHCOHAarn MaHa my hhkh xyn ytni aohmo mapnaT 
Ha3AHAa Mai<;6yji GyjiMaraH TaiqiHAJiapra aprauiHiura, KymnjiHiiira 
yHAaiiAH. 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaibcHccajiOMHUHr Gojiajimc naimiapHAa x,aM 6at3aH 
uiyHAafi x,ojuiap k>3 6epn6 TypapAH. ByHAafi naiiTAa Aapx,oji y 
KHuinra 6ynraH Pa66oHHH hhoat (Hjiox,hh 3i>th6op) apajiaiimG, y 
GnnaH yma hihhh ypTacura fob 6ynapAH. 3epo Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiccn Ba camiaM 6yHAafi x,ojiaTjiapHH y3JiapH 6aeH 
k;hjih6 6epap 3KaHjiap, acyivuiaAaH uiyHAafi AeAHJiap: 

"jKoXfUJiuam oxjiu KfiJiaduzan uuiJiapuu KfiJiuui ynyu 2 
Mapmazuua HozjiamaHMan xonoc. Ey uiuhuhz x,ap 6upuda Ajijiox, 
Men 6wi(iH y um ypmacuea myuiud, yma uyji KyuMazandu. Illy 
ukku MiipmadaH Keuun, mo nauzaMdapjiuKKa Myuiappaip 
KfinuHzyHUMza K,adap 6yndau uuuiapza HozjianMaduM xum. 
KywiapHiim 6upuda Mukkuhuhz wuppu KficMuda Men 6ujiuh 
6upza Kyu 6oK,aemzaH dojiaza Kenuu naum: 

- Azap Meuum Kyujiapujnza x,um K,apa6 mypcanz, Men x,um 6yzyn 
KfiHKypyn Mukkozu 6opu6, euuiap cuuzapu 6up yuuad Ke/ioMan, — 
deduM. Ulynda y: 

- Maiijiu K,apa6 mypoMan, — dedu. Men Mukkozu Kupu6 6opap 
skuhmuh 3H2 6upuHHU xpejiudan Kyu—KyuiuKJiapnu auiumduM. 
Ulynda Men: 

—Humu dyjiannmu y3u ? — de6 cypuduM. Menza ynap: 

—0ajioHHUHum hukox, myujiapu dyjiunnmu,— de6 0Kueo6 
depdunap. Men ymupud munzjiau douuiuduM. Ajijiox, KyjiozuMnu 
zupanz k,ujiu6 Kyudu. Men yxjiad %ojiu6mcih. Eup naum Kyeiunum 
uccmudaH yuzoHu6 KemduM. JJapx,oji mepuzuMuu ojiduza uyji 



90 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

onduM. y Meudau cypazau adu, yma dynzau eoqebciHU cy3Jia6 
6epduM. 

Cym domi^a 6up Kynu uiepuzuMza una yma eannu aumduM. 
MiiKKiiza Kupu6 ana yma xpma dyn KenduM. Ey caipap x,um xyddu 
aeecuieudeK 6yndu. UlyudaH Keuun 6yndau Smoh um/iapea 
HozjiauMaduM". 

(Ta6apHii: 2/279 Ba 6oniK;anap. H6h Kacnp "Bh/ioh Ba Hhxoh":2/287) 

ByxopHHHHHr )Ko6hp h6h AGAyJiJioxAaH KHjiraH pHBOjroiAa y 
uiyHAafi achah: 

- Kat6a KypmiHiiiH KeTaeTraH naiiTAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy 
anaHx,H Ba camiaM aMaiauiapH A66oc 6miaH 6npra toiii KyrapuG 
KenaeTraH SAHjiap. A66oc y KHiiiura: 

- HlUT0HHHrH3HH GyHHHHricra KyHIlG 0JICaHrH3, TOUI KaTTHK; 

GoTMaiiAH - AeAH. Illy naiiTAa HuiTOHjiapH epra TymuG kctah. Hkkh 
Ky3JiapH ocMOHra KaAanAH, cyHr ysnapura iceiinG: 

- "H30pilU, U30pUU", JTfcHH "HlUniOHUM, UUimOHUM", — 

AeAHJiap. IIIyHAa HuiTOHjiapH y3 acoHura GorjiaHuG kojiah. BouiK;a 
6np puBOJiTAa y: 

- MeH uiyHAaH KeftnH y KHiiiHHHHr aBpaTjiapuHH OHHjiraHHHH xen 
KypMaAHM, - AeiiAH. 

(CaxnxH Eyxopiin: 1582-x., OaTxyn Bopim: 3/513 Ba 3829-x) 

Myx,aMMaA anaHXHCcanoM y3 K;aBMH opacnAa ry3an axjiOK, 

uinpHH MyoMana Ba onHHacaHoGnHK icaGu xHCJiaTjiapn 6miaH 

aacpannG Typap 3AHjiap. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM 

MypyBBaT, XyCHH XyjIK, 5DCIHH KyiHHHHHJIHK, XajIHMJIHK, 
pOCTryHJIHK, KDMUIOK; Ta6Hl.aT.JIH.JIHK, a(J)H(J)JIHK, H33aT-HKpOM, 
5DCIHHJIHK KHJIHIH, aXAra Ba(J)OAOpjIHK Ba OMOHaTAOpjIHK 

>KHx,aTjiapHAaH K,aBMHHHr 3Hr a(J)3ajiH SAHjiap. X,aTTOKH K,aBMjiapH y 
khihhhh Amhh (hihohhjih) p,e6 HOMjiaAHJiap. y khihh y3JiapHAa 
6apna jixihh xHCJiaTjiapHH acaMjiaraHjiHKjiapH Ty(J)aHjiH YMMyn 
MytMHHHHH X,aAHna OHaMH3 uiyHAafi achah: 

- HapnaG HHKHjiraHHH cya6 TypFH3aAHJiap, HyK,K,a GepaAHJiap, 
MexMOHHHHr x,ypMaTHHH acoiiHra KyaAHjiap Ba xaK TOMOHra epAaM 
GepaAHjiap. 

(CaxnxH Eyxopiin: 3-x). 
(Illy epra KennG, KHro6HMH3HHHr naHFaM6apjiHKAaH ojiahhfh 
xaernapH xaKHAarn khcmh TyraAH.) 



91 



AppojjUKVJi MaxmyM 



fjlLJl tj^jll 



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i*j£JI &* i^. 






jflffi«5£ 




92 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HYEYBBAT BA flA^BAT MAKKA 

flABPM 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr pncojiaT Ba 
naHraMGapjiHK AaBpHAarn xaerjiapn hkkh AaBpra GyjiHHaAH. By 
AaBpHHHr Gnpn HKKHHHHCHAaH acyAajiM (JjapiqiH paBHiima aacpannG 
TypaAH. yjiapHHHr: 

EHPHHHHCH - MaKKa AaBpn 6yjin6, TaKpn6aH 13 hhjihh y3 
HHHra onaAH. 

HKKKBWHCH - MaAHHa AaBpn 6yjin6, TyjiHK 10 hhjihh y3 
HHHra onaAH. 

By hkkh AaBpHHHr xap Gnpn anoxHAa 6np Hena GocKirnjiapHH y3 
HHHra onaAH. X,ap 6np Mapxana-GocKHHHHHr y3 xycyciraTjiapH 
6yjin6, y yma xycycHjrrjiapH GnjiaH aacpannG TypaAH. 
By hkkh AaBp acHOCHAa yrraH xpjiaTjiapHH AHK,K,aT GnjiaH 
Ky3aTcaK, 6y xycycHjrrjiap 5ikk,oji Ky3ra TauinaHaAH. 
MaKKa AaBpHHHHr y3HHH 3 GocKirnra Gyjinui MyMKHH. 

1 . Max(J)HH AatBaT Gockhhh, 6y 3 hhjihh y3 nnnra onaAH. 

2. MaKKa ax,jin opacHAarn AatBaTHH oiiiKop 3i.jioh khjihih 
Gockhhh. By, naiiFaMGapjiHKHHHr 4-iiHjiHAaH 6ouuia6, to 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM x,H»cpaT 
KHjiryHjiapHrana 6yjiraH AaBpHH y3 nnnra onaAH. 

3. MaKKaAaH TamK,apHAarH AatBaT Ba yHHHr xopnacAarn axpjiH 
opacHAa eiiHjiHui Gockhhh. By Gockhh naiiFaM6apjiHKHHHr 10-hhjih 
oxnpjiapHAaH 6ouiJiaHH6, MaAHHa AaBpHHH xaM y3 nnnra onaAH Ba 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM xaerjiapHHHHr cyHrni 
KyHjiapHrana AaBOM 3TaAH. 

MaAHHa AaBpn xaM 6np Hena 6ocKHHjiapHH y3 nnnra onaAH. By 
xaKAa y3 ypHH KenraHHAa cy3 K>pHraMH3, HHiiia Ajijiox, . 



93 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

PwcojiaT Ba Hy6yBBaT coach ocTMfla 
tyipo ropiifla 

Myx,aMMaA ajiairx,HCcajiOMHHHr euinapH 40 euira jiKHHnauiHG 
6opap 3KaH, yrnG GopaerraH yMp Ba KaBMHiiHr xpnaTjiapii xaKiiAa 
xyn (J)HKp iopHTaAHraH 6yjin6 KOJiAHJiap. Y kiiuiii (Jjiucpjiaraii caiiiiH 
y3H 6njiaH K;aBMH ypTaciiAarii aiquiii acyAOJiiuc (iiHTepBaji)Hii xhc 
KHjiapAHJiap. HaTHacaAa MyxaMMaA ajiairx,nccajiOM ejiFH3JiiiKHii 
eKTiipaAHraH 6yjin6 KOJiAHJiap. Y khuih eryjiHK 03HK-OBK;aT Ba cyB 
ojih6, MaxxaAaH hkkh mhji y30iqiiiKAa GynraH Hyp Torara, y 
epAarii X,npo ropiira ejiFH3 xpjuiapiiAa n6oAaT kiijiiiui ynyH hiik;ii6 
xeTap 3AHJiap. y rop acyAajiM jiaTiic[)-a:>Kii6 6yjin6, y3yHjnirn 4 
MeTp, 3hh 3.25 MeTp KeHrjiHKAa sah. MyxaMMaA ajiairxuccajiOM y 
epAa PaMa30H ohiihii TyjuiK yTica3ap SAHJiap. y khuih ropAarn 
BaKTjiapHHH nGoAaT kiijiiiui Ba y3 aTpo(J)iiAarii onaM MaH3apajiapn 
x,aKHAa, x,aMAa 6y onaMHii iiAopa 3tii6 TypraH jipaTyBHiiHiiHr 
KyApaTii x,ai<;iiAa y30K, (Jjiucpjiam GnjiaH ynca3ap SAHJiap. 1/3 
KaBMiiAarii xpjiaT, jtbhii MaBxyM TacaBBypoTjiap, ynapAa 
uiaKjinaHraH Gotiiji aKiiAa Ba uuipKAaH n6opaT 6ynraH 
TyuiyHHanapAaH KyHrjui TyjiMaii, xoTiipacaM GyjiMac Ba TypMyui 
Tap3iiHii uiy TapiiK;a AaBOM 3-Tiiuuira po3ii GyjiMac 3Aujiap. JlexiiH 
onAHJiapiiAa 6npoH aiuii^ iiyji, TapTiiGjui Aacryp, KyHriijuiapii 
TacKiiH TonaAuraH 6np MaKcaA capii 3jnyBHii HyjnuiHr y3ii iiyK; sah. 

MyxaMMaA ajiaibciiccajiOMHiiHr ejiFicjiiuc Ba y3JiaTHii iixTiiep 
Kiijuiuijiapii AjuioxHiiHr TaA6npjiapiiAaH 6npn GynraH sah. Hymen 
TiipiiKHiijuiK iiuinapii, xaer uiOBKiiH-cypoHii Ba OAaivuiapHiiHr FaMy- 
TauiBiiuuiapii, yHii KyTii6 TypraH Gyioic nuira TaiieprapjiHK 
KypnuiAaH Tycn6 Typap sah. MyxaMMaA ajiairx,nccajiOM uiy ropAa 
KyHy-TyHjiapHHH n6oAaT Ba y3JiaTAa yTKa3iim GnjiaH 6npra ep 
K)3iiAa xaer Tap3iiHii y3rapTiipn6, Tapirx higiifiihii TyrpiinaG ii3ra 
cojiaAuraH yjucaH OMOHaT iokiihii KyTapiiuira y3iiHii TaiiepjiaG 6opap 
3AH. Ajijiox, y Kiiuuira MaHa uiy OMOHaT MaefcyjiiurriiHii lOKjiauiAaH 
3 hiiji ojiahh ropAarn y3JiaT xaeTiuni TaA6np kiijiah. MyxaMMaA 
ajiaiix,iiccajiOM MaHa uiy y3JiaTra 6np oiuiaG, Heiccii3 GopniiK pyxu 
GnjiaH 6npra Kiipn6, y epAa KOiiHOTHiiHr opTiiAa GynraH Max(J)iiii, 
ciipjui, KyApaTjui GopjuiK; xaKiiAa Tac[)aKKyp Kiijiap SAHJiap. 
Ajijiox,HiiHr H3HH GepiuiraH naiiTAa MaHa uiy raiiG onaMH 6njiaH 



94 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MyoMana-MynoKOT Baicra cthG KenryHHra KaAap 6y xoji AaBOM 

3TAH. 

>Kn6pmiHMHr Bax,MM ojim6 Kejuiwi/i 

Myx,aMMaA anaiixHCcajiOM KaMOJiaT eiim 6yjiMHin 40 euira 
eTraHHAa naiiFaMGapjiHKAaH Aapaic GepyBHH anoMaTjiap coahp 6yna 
GouijiaAH. IlaHFaMGapjiap aiiHH MaHa my 40 eiiiAa naiiFaM6apjiHKKa 
MyBatJxJjaK; KHjiHHapAHJiap,- AeraH rannap MaBacyA. MaHa uiy 
AapaKHH anoMaTjiapAaH 6at3HJiapH: - MaxicaAarH toui y KHiiiHra 
canoM 6epapAH. Poct Tymjiap icypap 3AHJiap. EnpoH 6np HapcaHH 
TyuinapHAa Kypcanap, yma Hapca aiiHH KypraHjiapHAeic mhcjih TOHr 
epHuiHuiH icaGn paBiiiaH-THHHK coahp Gyjiap sah. MaHa myHAaii 
xpAHcanap OKHMHAa 6 oh Baicr yTAH. IlaHFaMGapjiHK MyAAara 23 
hhji AaBOM 3TraH 6ynca, 6y Ka6n pocT Tymjiap KypHiii MyAAaTH 6 oh 
AaBOM 3tah. ,H,eMaK MaHa uiy pocT Tyuinap naiiFaMGapjiHKHHHr 46 

AaH 6np KHCMHAHp. 

X,npo ropHAarn y3JiaT xaerHHHHr 3 - hhjih paMa30H oiiHAa Ajijiox, 
y3HHHHr ep k>3h ax,jiHra 6yjiraH paxMaTHHH TyiimpMOKHH npoAa 
k;hjih6, Myx,aMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOMHH naiiFaMGapjiHK - HyGyBBaT 
GnnaH MyxappaM k;hjiah. )Kh6phjihh y khihhhhhf onAHJiapHra 
K^yptOHAaH 6ynraH oaTjiap GnnaH kdGopah. 

YuiGy x,OAHcara AanonaT KHJiyBHH c[)aKT Ba paKaMjiapHH nyicyp 
ypraHnG hhk;h6 xynoca k;hjih6 airraMH3KH, 6y xOAHca paMa30H 
OHHHHHr 21- AymaHGa OKuiOMHAa GyjinG, mhjioahh 610- hhji 10- 
aBiycTHra Tyrpn xejiaAH. Illy naiiTAa MyxaMMaA 
ajiaiix,HCcajiOMHHHr yMpjiapn KaMapnii hhji xhcoGh GyiiHHa 40 einy 
6 oil 12 KyHjiHK 6ynraH sah. By maMCHii hhji xhcoGh GyiiHHa 39 
emy 3 oh, 20 KyHra Tyrpn xenaAH. 

HyGyBBaTHHHr GoinjiaHHiii Hy^TacH - xy(J)p Ba 3ajiojiaT 
3yjiMaTjiapHHH epHTHiii Hy^TacH 6yjiraH. X,aer HyHajiHiiiHHH 
y3rapTHpn6, TapnxHHHr iiyHajiHiii hh3hfhhh iiyjira KyiiraH, MaHa 
my xOAHca Ta(J)CHjiOTHHH OniiiaH CHAAHKa phboat KHjiraH 
KHecaAaH suiHTaiijiHK. Onuia OHaMH3 inyHAaii achah: 

-PocyjiyjiJioy cajijiajijioyy anaii^u ea ccuuiaMza ea^uiinum 
6ouuiaHumu ujik da-b(pa cojiu% myuuiap 6unan 6ynu6, HUManuKU 
mynuiapuda Kypca, xyddu yuia Hapca mom omutuu Ka6u airnu yojida 
pyu 6epap adu. Cympa y Kuumza ejisu3JiUK e^aduean 6yjiu6 v^omid, 



95 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

J(upo zopuda y3Jiapu emu3 xpjiapdujiap. Y epda 6up uena Kyuy 
mywiapuHU udodam du/iau yniKa3ap adu/iap. Fopea Kemutu ojidudcm 
yiuiapudcm Kepamiu 03uv, oeyamjiapuu sajvmad crnap adu/iap. Y 
Hopccuiapu myzazan, ma aemiapu J(adimami ojiduea vpumud Kenud, 
HHa 03UK, oeyamHU saju/iad vpiimud mmap adu/iap. Y 30m J(upo 
sopuda 3KaHJiUKJiapuda ^ok, Rendu. Eup cpapuwma Kemi6, 
My^OMMad anaux,uccanoMza: 

- Hi^po?), rn.HU Yt^u! - dedu. IlausaMdap ajiauyuccajioju: 

- Menu yKuumu 6wiMauMcm. - dedunap. 

- Menu yuinad, uiyndau nucduKU, x,ammo cynKJiapuM K,ucupna6 
Kemdu,- AeHAHjiap Myx,aMMaA ajiaibcuccajiOM,- ueuun uyuu6 
io6opu6: 

- HKpab, RTtHU Yk,u! — dedu. Men: 

- Men ymuu ojiMauMan— deduM. Y Menu ana yuinad ukkuhhu 
Mapma Kficdu, x,ammo cynKJiapuM KficupnaQ Kemdu. Cym nyuu6 
io6opu6, ana: 

- Hupoit, RTtHU Yku! - dedu. Men: 

- Men yKiiu ojiMauMan — deduM. Illyuda y Menu yuinad, ynuunu 
Mapma uucdu. Cympa nyuu6 w6opu6, 

. ji^ (jS$\ dijj J*k f}il 

(Ye Iduaiiaa, dad+a iaaieoaibie) fidabaai gib dueieo 
Iadaadaeaideiaec iiie deedi (dioedd) uueial 

-Ajmk, cypacudan aeeajieu 5 onmnapuHU ynudu, — AeHAanap. 
HlyHAaH cyHr Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM 
KypicyBAaH lopaKjiapn TirrpaG K;aK;uia6 yfira KaHTAHjiap. X,aAHna 
6hhth XyBaHjiHAHHHr onAHra KnpuG: 

- "Menu ypa6 uyuuHznap, Menu ypa6 Kyuumnap!" - AeAHJiap. 
HlyHAa X,aAHna po3H5uijioxy aroco: 

- Cn3ra HHMa GyjiAH?- p,e6 cypaAH. Myx,aMMaA ajiaibcuccajiOM 
yHra GynraH BOKetaHH rannpuG GepAHJiapAa: 

-"Men OKyda x,um KypK,u6 KemduM.",- AeAHJiap. HlyHAa X,aAHna 
0HaMH3: 

- Xapzu3 xypiyuam, Ajijiox; cu3hu x;eu ycmou ejuou vyiiza mauuiad 
vyuMotidu. HyHKU cm ^apuudouuiapea paxpudumuK ^ujiacm, ^ojidcrn 



96 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

mouean kumccihu cyn6 mypsu3acu3, uyhpuma 6epacm, m£^mohhu 
yypjuamuHU dajfco Keiimupacm ea ^ok, iiyjuiapuea epdaju v;imacu3,- 
Aea TacKHH GepAHJiap. X,aAHna y kiiihiihii y3 aMaiciiciiHiiHr yrjiii 
BapaK;a ii6h HaBcpan ii6h AcaA h6h A6Ayjiy330Hii ojiAHra ojiiiG 
GopAH. y acox,HjiHaT AaBpiiAa HacpoHHH ahhiihii K;a6yji KIIJiraH 
6yjin6, nGpoHMH THjiHAa khto6 e3ap sah. Y HH5KiuiAaH Ajijiox 
Hacn6 KHjiraHHHa iiGpoHiiii TiuiAa 63116 6opap sah. BapaKa xexca 
hoji 6yjin6, Ky3napH KypMaii KOJiraH sah. X,aAHna yHra: 

- 3h aMaKHMHHHr yrjiii, MaHa 6y >Kii5iHiiHrii3HiiHr rannapiira 6np 
KyjiOK; cojiHHrHH, - AeAH. BapaKa: 

- HiiMa GyjiAH 3h >kii5ihiim?- ji,Qjxa. MyxaMMaA anaiixiiccajiOM 
yHra GynraH xoAHcaHii cy3Jia6 GepAHjiap. IHyHAa Bapa^a: 

- By Ajijiox, Mycora acyiiaTraH HoMycAHp. Koiukiihah mch yma 
naiiTAa HaBKiipoH iiiiriiT 6yncaM. K^aHiiiiAii cii3hii K;aBMiiHrii3 
K)pTiiHrii3AaH HiiK;apii6 K)6opraH naimiapAa TiipiiK 6yjicaM,- acah. 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM TaaaoKy6jiaHii6: 

- f* crKA* J' " 
" Yjiap Menu nui^apud x,iim wdopadunapMU?" - AeAHJiap. 
Bapa^a ii6h HaB(J)aji: 

- X,a, cii3AaH iijirapii kiimkii C113 ojiiiG xenraH urn GiuiaH 
K)6opnjiraH Gyjica, yjiapra AyiuMamiiiK KiuiiiHraH. Arap mch yina 
KyHjiapiiHrii3Aa TiipiiK 6yncaM, crora MOJiy jkohiim GiuiaH epAaM 
KiinraH GyjiapAiiM, - acah. OpaAaH xyn yTMaii y BacpOT stah. 
IHyHAaH xeiiiiH 6np MyAA^T Bax,nii y3iuiii6 kojiah. 

(Ca^H^H ByxopHH: 3/3392, 4953, 4955, 4957, 6982 - wncjiap. 

MycnHM: 252 - x) 

Bax,MMHMHr y3min6 kojimujm 

Bax,niiHiiHr y3iuiiiui MyAAara GopaciiAa Typjiiina piiBOjrrjiap 
GyjiraH. YjiapHiiHr cax,iix,ii 6y MyAAaT 6np Hena KyH AaBOM 3Traii. 
H6h CatA H6h A66ocAaH uiyHii iicpoAajiaiiAiiraH KaBjiHii piiBoaT 
KiinraH. 

(H6h Cat/i, "Ta6ai<;oT": 1/196). 
Ammo iikkii jipiiM yn Hiuirana Bax,nii KejiMaii kojiah AeraH 
xaGapjiap caxnx 3Mac. PiiBoaTjiap Ba axJiH iijiMjiapHiiHr cy3JiapiiHii 
AiiKKaT GiuiaH TeKiniipap 3icaHMaH, MeHra 6np rapn6 xa6ap pyn 
Kejin6 kojiah. MeH piiBOflTjiapHiiHr xen 6npiiAa uiy xa6apra 3ha 
cy3Hii KypMaAHM. 



97 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

YuiGy cy3 Ba pHBOjrrjiap myHH HcjjoAajiaiiAHKH: 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajijioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM X,npo FopH^a xap 
HHjiHHHr 6np ohhhh yTica3ap 3AHJiap. By oh PaMa30H ohh GyjinG, 6y 
xoji HyGyBBaTAaH 3 hhji ojiahh GomjiaHraH GyjinG, BaxHHHHHr 
AacTjiaGxH KejiHiiiH my 3- hhjihhhf PaMa30H ohh GynraH sah. 
PaMa30H ohh TyrauiH GnjiaH xHjiBaT-y3JiaT MyAAaTH xaM Tyra6, 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM uiaBBOJi ohhhhhf 
Ghphhhh xyHH 3pTa TOHrAa ropAaH TyiiniG yHjiapnra Kairrap 
3AHJiap. 

ByxopHH Ba MycjiHM cax,Hx,jiapHAarH pHBOJiTjiapra Kypa, 
IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcajiOMra BaxHHHHHr y3HjiHiiiHAaH KenHHrn 
TyuiHuiH FopAarn y3JiaT MyAAaTH Tyra6, jii>hh 6np ohjihk MyAAaTHH 
TaMOMjiaG, yfijiapHra KairraeTraH HOFjiapHAa pyfi GepraH. 

Myjiox,a3a: ByHAaH MatnyM 6yjiaAHKH, IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMra BaxHHHHHr y3HjiHiiiHAaH KeiiHHrH TyuiHiiiH, y 30T 
yHAa naHFaMGapjiHKKa MyuiappatJ) KHjiHHraH PaMa30H ohh TaMOM 
GynnG, uiaBBOJi ohhhhhf Ghphhhh KyHHAa pyn GepraH. HyHKH, y 
KyH IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr X,npo ropHAarn oxnprH 
KyHjiapHAa GynraH sah. Arap BaxHHHHHr hjik 6opa ho3hji GyjiHiiiH 
PaMa30H ohhhhhf 21- okuiomh AymaHGa KyHH sicaHjiHrH co6ht 
6ynca, AeMaK BaxHHHHHr y3HjiHin MyAAara 10 KyH GynraH xojioc. 
KenHHrn Bax,HHHHHr ho3hji GyjiHuiH naHFaM6apjiHKHHHr Ghphhhh 
hhjih uiaBBOJi ohhhhhf 6hphhhhch naiifflaH6a TOHrHAa pyii 6epAH. 
PaMa30H ohhhhhf oxnprH 10 KyHjinrH 3t>thkoc[) Ba y3JiaTra 
xocjiaHraHjiHrHAarH cnp Ba maBBOJi ohhhhhf Ghphhhh KyHH 
MyGopax 6aiipaM KHjiHHHiiiHAarH cnp xaM MaHa myHAa 6ynca aaca6 
3Mac. Bajuioxy AtjiaM. 

>Km6pmji mkkmhhm 6op Bax,MM ojim6 KenaflM 

Bax,HHHHHr 6np Hena KyH y3Hjin6 kojihihh PocyjiyjiJiox, 
cajijiajijioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaMAaH Kyp^yB KeTn6, 6np 03 y3JiapHra 
KejinG, BaxHHHHHr KaiiTHiiiHra GynraH uiaBK; x,ochji GyjinuiH ynyH 
GynraH Hjioxhh TaA6np sah. MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOMAa yma 
uiaBK-parGaT xochji Gyjiran, 5iHa BaxHHHHHr KejiHiiiHHH 
HHTH3opjiHK GnjiaH KyTa GouiJiaAHJiap. IIIyHAa Ajijiox, y khliihhh 
hkkhhhh 6op BaxHH GnjiaH MyxappaM khjiah. ByHH PocyjiyjiJiox, 



98 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.u ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

cajuiajijioxy ajiaibcn Ba cajuiaMHHHr y3jiapH uiyHAafi cy3Jia6 
6epraHjiap: 

iJa (^Lal di^jjijj I '» * jl »la JLuj ^jc. '"'J j ^ li ■* jl :»la b »j ^jc. di^Jjla diujla 
,_j£Li (_jJijI tilLoll tall »1 ainil <jj5 _;j '^' dixi^a I * ^ * jl ala ^ j °'- : - dijJijj I *» ■* jl 

' - 'j"i a (j^ajVI J) i -^-yj^ u*^ ^-° * - " 'f - * o^j^j »l ^'"'1 tjjj ls-^-O^ ^ Jell ^ 13^ 

j'^» ^Ijjj jijli »i jjXoII I^jI Lj dii^ia Jla tajta $La "*■ Ijji ^ij ^jjjj dilia A^j^i. 
- "X,upo xppuda myiiuK, 6up ounu yniK03u6, y epdazu 
y3iiamuMHU myeamu6, zopdan myuiduM. (Boduma Kupean 
naiimuMda) Mema nudo Ke/idu. Ym moMomuma Kflpad x,en 
kumhu KypMaduM, nan moMoma K.apaduM x,en kumhu KypMaduM. 
OnduMza ea opKJOMza K.apaduM x,en napcanu KypMaduM. 
Eouiumhu Kymapud ocMoma KflpacaM, 6up napcanu KypduM. 
EanozoXt, zopdajimuMda Keman (papuiuma ocmoh 6unan epnum 
opacuda MyajinaK. 6yjiean Kypcu yemuda ymupap adu. Yndan 
KypK^anuMda, y3UMnu uyKpmuf), zamu6, x;ammo epea uuKfuiduM. 
X,adunanum ondma neiiu6: 

- "Menu ypa6 Kyuumnap, Menu ypa6 Kyuumnap! Menu ypa6, 
nuiupu6 Kyuumnap. YcmuMdan My3den eye Kyuumnap ",— deduM. 
Illynda Myddacup cypacunum onmnapu no3un 6yndu 

.'J?J& j^-jJij -°j$& dJjUSj . °J$3 dJjjj . jJlitfl 13. jlliJi Igjfo 

V) w«*i3 dijjjj .y&iLj \iHs *ij 

1-2. 3h (jiHGocjiapHra) SypKaimS ojiraH 30T, Typimr-fla, 

(HHCOHjiapHH oxnpaT a3o6HAaH) orox,jiaHTHpHHr! 3. Ejifh3 
IIapBapflHropHHrH3HH yjiyrjiaHr! 4. JlH6ocjiapHHrH3HH noK 
TyTHHr! 5. ByTjiapaaH linpnK Syjiimr! 

6. (EepaerraH HapcaHrn3Hn) Kyn caiiaraH x,ojiHHrH3fla 3x,coh 
KHjiMaHr! 7. Ejifh3 IlapBapfliiropHHrio (k>3h) ynyH (Kcxjmpjiap 
TOMOHHAaH eTaAHraH o3opnapra) ca6p khjihhf! 

(MyAAacup: 1-7). 
ByH^a x,ajiH HaM03 (J)ap3 KHjiHHMaraH 3ah. CyHrpa 6npHH kcthh 
Bax,HHHHHr KenHuiH k;h3fhh Tyc ojiah. K)i<;opHAarH 05ITJiapHHHr 
H03Hji GyjiHuiH pHconaTHHHr GouijiaHHuiH Ba Bax,HH KejiMafi KonraH 
MyAAaTH MaGoHHHAarH y3HjiHuiHHHr hhx,ojich 6yjiH6, TapTH6nH 
paBHuiAa 6aeH KHjiHHraH TaKjiH(J)jiapAaH 2 HaBHHH y3 HHHra onaAH. 



99 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

EHPHHHH HAB - MyxaMMaA anaiixHCcajiOMra lOKjiaHraH 
eTKa3Hin Ba oroxJiaHrapHiii TaicjiHc|)H. By Hapca AjinoxHHHr MaHa 
6y: 

(2) jJtifs pi (1) jJUl l#fl* 

1-2. 3ii (jiHGocjiapnra) SypKaimS ojiraH 30T, Typimr-fla, 
(HHCOHjiapHH oxnpaT a3o6HAaH) orox,jiaHTHpHHr!. 
Cy3HAa y3 H(J)OAacHHH TonraH. HyHKHjGyHHHr MatHOCH 
- Azap odaMJiap y3Jiapu Kemaemzau uyn — 3ajio/iam, pcaojiam, 
AiuioXfdaH y3za napcanapza udodam iguiuiu ea Ajijiox,huhz 
3omuza, cutpanuiapuza, xajiK/iapuza ea a(pT>oimapuza y3za 
Hapcajiapuu uiepuK ufinuui Kadunapdau K<aumMacajiap, yjiapza 
AiwoXfHiim a3o6u 6yjiuiuudaH ozoxjiaumupuHz! - AeMaKAnp. 

HKKHHHH HAB - IIaHFaM6ap anaiixHccajiOM Ajijiox 
TaonoHHHr GyftpyKnapuHH y3 maxcnra TaTGnK; khjihih Ba yjiapmi 
y3Hra jio3hm TyTHiiira GyjiraH TaKjiH(J). Tokh ynap GnjiaH Ajijiox, 
TaonoHHHr pii30CiiHH Tonn6, Ajuiox,ra hhmoh KejrrapraH 
HHCOHjiapra ry3aji n6paT Ba HaMyHara aiuiaHCHH. By Hapca Ajijiox, 
TaonoHHHr MaHa 6y oaTjiapnAa y3 H(J)OAacHHH TonraH: 



Ejifm3 napBap,qMropMHrM3HM yjiyrjiaHr! - cy3HHHHr 
MatHOCH "ch3 ejiFH3 AjijioxHHrHHa yjiyrjiHKKa xocnaHr. 
YjiyFjiauiAa YHra xen khmhh uiepHK KHjiMaHr Ba AjuioxHHHr: 



4. JlH6ocjiapHHrH3HH noK TyTHHr! - Cy3HAaH 30xnpHH Ma^caA - 

5KHCM Ba KHHHMHH nOKJiaiHAHp. HyHKH, IlapBapAHrOpHHH 

yjiyrjiaiiAHraH Ba yHHHr xy3ypH#a K)3JiaHH6 TypaflHraH oAaM ynyH 

H(J)JIOC Ba HOnOK GyjIHUI AypyCT 3MaC. 5KHCMOHHH, 30XHpHH nOKJIHK 

Tana6 KHjiHHap 3icaH, AeMaic uinpK, aMan Ba axjioic; raipjiapHAaH 
T03ajiaHHin Tajia6n aBjiopoKAHp. Ajijiox TaojiOHHHr: 

5. ByTjiapaaH liupnK Syjiimr! - Cy3HHHHr MatHOcn: 

- Ajijio^huhz sa3a6u ea a3o6uza ajimyenu cadad/iapdan 
y30K / jiauiUHz\ - AeMaKAHp. By Hapca Ajijiox TaojiOHHHr HToaTHHH 



100 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

jio3hm TyTn6, yHra ryHOXKop GyjiHiiiAaH caiqiaHHiii GnnaH aManra 
ouiaAH. Ajijiox, TaonoHHHr MaHa 6y : 

6. (EepaerraH HapcaHrH3HH) Kyn caHaraH x,ojiHHrH3fla 3x,coh 
KHjiMaHr! - Cy3HHHHr MatHOcn: 

- AjtcpuHU odajujiapdan Kymean x,ojida ^aiuda ^ujiean 
9%coHUH2U3daH vypa Kynpoi^, a(p3anpov; ajfcpea my dynedae*; 
emuuiHU upoda Truman %onda um>OM 3X,coh muiMam! - AeMaKAHp. 

Ammo oxuprn oaT^a 3ca, y3 K,aBMHHH Ajijioxhhhf ejiFH3 y3nra 
nGoAaT KHjiHinra Ha^HpnG, YHHHr a3o6H Ba HHTHK,OMHAaH 
orox,jiaHTHpHuiHH Gouijiaran, AHHAa ynapAaH aacpanraH BaKTAa 
ynap TOMOHHAaH KenaAHraH 03opjiapAaH orox, 3th6 anraAH: 

7. Ejifh3 IIapBapflHropHHrH3 (103 h) ynyH (KO(J)Hpjiap TOMOHHAaH 
eTaAHraH 03opnapra) ca6p KHJiimr! 

CyHrrn oaTjiap MaeK,H TaHrpn Taono OB03HAa IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHH MaHa my 6yK)K hiii ynyH TaHjiaHHuiH, hcchk, 
ypHHAaH Ba yHKycHAaH TypFH3n6, MamaK,K;aT, xypaui Ba acnxoAra 
Hopjiaui ynyH GynraH ojihh hhaohh y3 HHHra onaAH. 

1-2. 3ii (jiHGocjiapHra) SypKaimS ojiraH 30T, Typimr-Aa, 
(HHCOHjiapHH oxHpaT a3o6HAaH) orox,jiaHTHpHHr!. 

TyeKH 6y oaT^a aHTHjiaAHKH: 

- Oai<;aT y3H ynyH auiaeTraH hhcoh rox,o HCTHpoxaT K,HjiaAH. 
Ammo ch3 6yK)K MactyjiHAT iokhhh Kyrapa Typn6 yxjianiHHrH3HH 
KaHAafi TyuiyHca GynaAH? PoxaTra He xoacaT? Hcchk; Kypnara HHMa 
6op? XoTHpacaM auiauira-HH? 3aBK, GepyBHH MaTOJiap! 
ypHHHrH3AaH TypHHr! Ch3hh 6yK>K hui KyTn6 TypnGAH. Ornp 
MacyjiHjrr k)kh ch3 ynyH Tafiep TypnGAH. MexHaT, MamaK,K;aT, 
ohjihk, FaM-TauiBHui, HapHam Ka6n K,HHHHHHjiHKjiapra TypHHr! 
TypHHr, yiiKy Ba HCTnpoxaT AaBpn yTAH. ypHHHrH3AaH Typn6, 
MaHa my Hinnapra TaneprapnHK KypTHHr! 

IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcanoM yma KyHAaH 6omjia6 Gnpn Gnpnra 
TyTam GeAopjinry, ornp, MamaK,K,aT.jiH y30K, acnxoAAaH 
GyuiaMaAHjiap. 



101 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

YuiGy 6yK>K, Aax,uiaTjin KajuiManap IlaiiFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr yHiiAarii tiihh, hcchk ypHHAaH Ba hcchk 
Garp^aH cyrypnG, GypoH Ba AOByjira Tyjia 6ynraH AeHrrora 
yjiOKTHpAH. Bokcbjihk x,aeTAa OAaMjiap opacHAarn TopT-iiHKHTjiap 
uiy fleHrH3ra MeroajiaAH, yH^aH KaM GyjiMaiiAH. 

Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiix,H Ba camiaM ypHHjiapHAaH 
TypAHjiapAa, my TyprannapHHa 20 HHimaH opra^ BaKT MyAOM oeKAa 
TypAHjiap. TyxTaMafi, THHHHMaii, pox,aTjiaHMaii, y3Jiapn Ba axAJiapn 
ynyH auiaMafi yTAHJiap. ypHHjiapHAaH Typn6 ejiKajiapnra acyAaJiM 
OFnp, ep K)3HAarH ynxaH OMOHaT iokhhh, 6apna GamapHjrr iokhhh, 
aKHAaHHHr 6apna iokhhh, Typnn MaHAOHjiapAarn acaHry-acaAaji, 
5khx,oa iokhhh ejiKajiapnra ojih6, GyKnaiiMaraH, 6np cohhji x,aM 
kdkhh epra KyiiMaraH x,onAa Ajijiox, nyjinra AatBaraH GouuiaAHJiap. 
20 HHjiAaH opthk; AaBOM 3TraH aohmhh Kypam MaiiAOHJiapHAa 
auiaAHJiap. MaHa uiy yjiyr, ojihh hhaohh suiHiraHjiapHAaH 6ouuia6, 
my HHAOAaH 6yiOK TaKjiH(J)HH K;a6yji KHjiraHjiapHAaH 6ouuia6, to 
cyHrrH Ha^acjiapHrana 6ynraH MyAAaT acHOCHAa, y 30thh 6npoH 
Hapca 6y nuuiapAaH 6aHA khjih6, yHAaH 3appana 6ypn6 KyiiMaAH. 
Ajijiox, Taono y 30thh 6h3 Ba 6apna GamapiiHTAaH 3Ba3 yjiapoK 
axuiH MyKO(J)OTjiap 6njiaH cniijiacHH! 

Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr MaHa uiy 
MyAAaT HHHAa 6och6 yTraH Hyjuiapn, neKKaH 3axMaTjiapHHH, 
MauiaK,K,aTjiH, ornp Ba y30K, acHxoAJiapHHH Tatpn^jiauira K,ajiaM 
05KH3JIHK KHjiaAH. Bh3 TaKAHM KHjiaihraH caxH(|)a-io caTpjiap khhhk 
6np jiaBxa-TacBiipAaH y3ra Hapca 3Mac. 

Bax,MMHMHr Typjiapw 

By 6yiOK >khxoa MaB3yjiapnra KHpnuiAaH ojiahh BaxuiiHiiHr 
TapTiiG Ba Typjiapii xaKHAa MatnyMOT 6epn6 yTiiuiHii MyHociiG Ae6 
Giijiaiim. H6h K^ohhhm yuia TapTiiGnapHii Tiuira onap 3KaH, yjiapHii 
KyiiiiAarii TapTii6Aa KejrrapaAH. 

BHPHHHHCH: Poct Tyuinap. IlaiiFaMGap ajiairxHccanoMra 
Bax,uii aiiHii uiy GiuiaH GouuiaHraH. 

HKKHHHHCH: Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr y3jiapn 6y xaKAa aihraHjiapHAeK, (J)apnuiTa y3n 
KypiiHMaii Typn6 BaxuiiHii y KiiuuiHiiHr K;aji6n Ba OHrriira 
iiyHajrnipap 3-ah. Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy ajiairxn Ba camiaM: 



102 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^ju^lJ/jL^jl// 

"Pyxyn Kyddyc (jKudpun) Meuum ohzumzu mynu (pydaduKU, 
(ujiXfOMJianmupduKu), xpn 6up uhcoh pu3Kfinu mynuK, eMazynuHa 
xapeu3 eaipom amuaudu. AimoxfiaH KypKfimu3 ea pu3K i nu 
Hupoiijiu, x;cuioji ycnydda mwiad igiJiumu3Jiap! Pu3k,hu kchuku6 
Kenuuiu cu3Jiapuu Awioxpa zynoxfiop 6ynuuiumu3za yndad 
KyuMacuu! HyuKU Ajijio^huhc xy3ypudazu uapca (caeo6)ea 
(paK,amyma umoam kjijiuui 6ujiuh emunadu", — neAHJiap. 

yHHHHHCH: Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba camiaMra 
(Jjapinirra iihcoh cypaTiina KypiiHiiG, cyx6aTjiamap sah. MyxaMMan 
ajiaHx,HccajiOM yHiiHr aihraHjiapiiHii ennaG onap sniijiap. 
Bax,HHHHHr yui6y TapTiiGiina rox,o cax,o6anap x,aM (JjapinirraHii 
xypap 3AHJiap. 

TyPTHHHHCH: BaxiiiiHiiHr y KHuinra kcjihihh xynnH 
KyHFupoK; acapaHrn icaGn 6yjin6, 6y y 30Tra acyna ornp KenapAH. 
X,aTro coByK KyHjiapHAa Gyncana, y khihhhhhf 6aAaHjiapHnaH Tep 
KyHHjiHG xeTapAH. Arap IlaiiFaMGap anaiixHccajiOM Baxnii 
TyuiaeTraH norna yjioB mhhh6 KeTaerraH Gyjicanap, MapxaGjiapn 
cthG, yTHpn6 KOJiap 3-ah. Enp MapTa Baxnii HOFHna Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijiajuioxy ajiairxn Ba cajuiaMHHHr coHjiapn 3aiiA h6h Co6ht 
po3Hajuiox,y arocyra Tern6 TypraH 3-ah. By 3aHnra acyna ornp GyjinG 
kcthG, x,aTro oerHHH 33h6 nanaK;jia6 K>6opHiiiHra 03rHHa kojiah. 

EEIHHHHHCH: Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaM 
rox,o (J)apiiuiTaHii Ajijiox apaTraH acn xojiHna x,aM KypapAHJiap. 
Oapimrra uiy xoima Ajijiox, xoxnaraH HapcaHii Baxnii Kiinap sah. 
EyHnaii xonnca iikkii MapTa coAiip GyjiraH 6yjin6, 6yHii Ajijiox 
Taono HaacM cypacnna 6aeH KiinraH. 

OJITHHHHCH: Mepoac KenacHna ocMOHjiap ycTHna 6ynraH 
HOFjiapiiAa AjinoxHiiHr y Kiiuiiira KiinraH Baxiiiicii. By ca(J)ap 
HaM03HiiHr (J)ap3 GyjimiiH Ba 6ouiK;a Hapcanap Baxnii GyjiAH. 
ETTHHHHCH: Ajijiox TaonoHiiHr IlaiiFaMGap ajiairxnccajiOMra 
(J)apiiuiTa BOCiiTaHiijiiiriiciis TyrpiiAaH-Tyrpii aihraH cy3ii, jtbhh 
Ajijiox Taono Myco ii6h Hmpoh ajiaiixHCcajiOMra raniipraHiiAeK. 
BaxiiiiHiiHr ym6y TapTiiGii Myco anaiixiiccajiOMra KyjijiaHraHjiiirii 
K^yptOHAa ohiik; 6aeH KiuiiiHraH. BaxiiiiHiiHr 6y ycnyGii MyxaMMan, 
anaiixiiccajiOMra Hcpo xoAHcacii xaKiinarii xanncna coGiiTAiip. 



103 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Eat>3H 6np ynaMOJiap BaxHHHHHr TapTnGjiapura caKKH3HHHHCHHH 
x,aM 3HeAa KHjiraHjiap. 

CAKKH3HHHHCH: AjuioxHHHr naHFaM6apnap 6miaH K>3Ma- 
K)3, GenapAa ranjiainraHH GynuG, 6y cajia4)y-xajia(J) onHMjiapH 
ypTacH^a hxthjio(J)jih MacanaAHp. MaHa uiy BaxHH ycjiy6jiapHHHHr 
caKKH3 xhji KypHHHuinapH xa^HAa KHCKana MatnyMOT 3jxa. 



104 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

BMPMHHM BOCKMH AJ1J10* 1/IYJlMrA flA"bBAT 

>KI/l*Ofll/l 

Yh MMJ1J1MK MaXCJJMM flatBaT 

IlaHFaMGap ajianxHccajiOM IlapBapAHropHAaH MyAAacnp 
cypacHAarn GyiipyiqiapHH onran OAaMjiapHH Ajuioxra hhmoh 
KejiTHpHinra naKupa GoimiaAHJiap. nanraMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 
KaBMjiapH AHHAaH 6exa6ap 6np K;aBM GyjinG, >kohch3 6yT- 
caHaMjiapra nGoAaT KHjimiiAaH y3ra ahhhh GnjiMac sah. By 6opaAa 
ynapHHHr, OTajiapHHH uiyHAafi xpjiAa TonraHjiHKjiapHAaH y3ra 
^yacacaT-AanHjijiapH wyv, sah. YnapAa Ha 6np axnoK, Ha TatJiHM- 
TapGna, Ha MyoMana MaAaHHjrra GyjiraH GyjmG, (J)aK;aT MaHMaHjiHK 
Ba MyTaKaGGnpnHK 6op sah xojioc. Y3apo MyaMMOJiap enaMH (J)aK;aT 
KHjiHHjiap BOCHTacHAa xan KHjiHHap sah. IIIyHAan GyjicaAa, ynap 
Apa6 aca3HpacHAa ahhhh neuiBOJiap, 6om ahhhh Mapxa3 
MyTacaAAHJiapn Ba ahhhh Myx,0(J)a3a khjihih Ka(J)OJiaTHHjiapH 
x,HCo6naHap SAHJiap. HlyHAan 3KaH, AeMaic 6y Kynjiap KapiiiHCHAa 
hui Gomjiam aBBan GouiAa Max(J)HH paBHiima 6yjiHiiiH xHKMaT 
TaKCBOCHAaH GynapAH. Tokh Maxxa ax,jiH y3jiapHHH x,aeacoHra 
cojihG K)6opyBHH Hinra Aac^taTaH K)3Ma-K)3 KejiMacHH. 

BMpMHHMJiap 

TaGnHKH hhcoh 5ixinH HapcaHH aBBano y3Hra 3Hr jik;hh GyjiraH 
OAaMjiapnra HjiHHaAH. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM 
xaM AatBaTHH y3 ax,jiH Ba epy-6HpoAapnapHHHHr y3JiapHra 3Hr 
sk;hh 6ynraH KHuinjiapHAaH 6ouuia6, ynapHH Hcjiom AHHHra AatBaT 
KHjiAHjiap. IIaHFaM6ap ajianxHccajiOM y3jiapH jixihh TaHHraH Ba 
y3napHHH axuiH TaHHraH OAaMjiap opacnAaH KHMAa axuinnHK, 
cajioxHjrr, pocTryHjiHK Ba xaKHKaTnapacTjiHK 6op p,e6 GnjiraH 
Gyjicanap, yma OAaMjiapHH HcnoMra AatBaT KHjiAHjiap. BynapAaH 
khmkh Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr 
ojiHHacaHoGnHrH Ba ojih6 KenraH xa6apHHH xaK-pocT SKaHjiHrnra 
myGxa KHjiMaraH Ba xenaM HKKHjiaHMaraH 6np Hena OAaM hhmoh 
KejrrapAHJiap. Ynap Hcjiom TapnxHAa "Co6HKyHaji-aBBajiyH", jtbhh 
"GHpHHHHjiap" homhhh ojiraHjiap. ynapHHHr 3Hr GouiHAa 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr aejuiapn, 
MyMHHjiapHHHr OHacH X,aAHna 6hhth XyBaiuiHA, FyjiOMjiapn 3aiiA 
h6h Xppnca h6h HlypoxHiiji KajiGnn, aMaKHjiapn A6y TojinGHHHr 



105 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

yrjiH Ajihh Ba 5ik;hh Aycrjiapn A6y Eaicp CnAAHigiap Typap sah. 
HoMjiapn caHa6 yTHjiraH 6y KHuiHjiap AatBaTHHHr Ghphhhh 
KyHHAaeK Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KHJiAHJiap. 

3aiiA h6h X,opnca ypymjiapAaH GnpHAa acnpra TyuinG, Kyji 
KHjiHHraH 3jxa. X,aAHna OHaMH3 yHH coth6 ojih6 Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMra Tyx,(J)a KHjiraH SAHJiap. 
Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM yHH KyjuiHKAaH 030A 
k;hjih6, apaGnap OAaTHra MyBO(J)HK; acpaHAH yrnji k;hjih6 
onraHAHjiap. IHyHHHr ynyH x,aM Hcjiom KennG yrnji acpam OAaTHHH 
Gexop KHjiryHHra KaAap 3aiiA h6h MyxaMMaA Ae6 aTanap 3ah. 3aiiA 
h6h X,opHcaHHHr OTacn Ba aMaKHCH yHH y3 lopTHra, y3 OHjiacn Ba 
y3 KaBMHra KairrapnG ojihG KeTHin ynyH yHH ncraG TonnG 
KejiHiuraHHAa MyxaMMaA anaiixHCcajiOM HXTHepHH yHHHr y3Hra 
GepAHjiap. 3anA h6h X,opnca OTacn Ba aMaKHCH GnnaH y3 ropTHra 
KaHTHG KeTHuiAaH Kypa Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr xH3MaTjiapHAa kojihihhh a(J)3aji Ghjiah. 3aiiA h6h 
X,opnca x,HacpHH 8- HHjiAarn MytTa acaHrHAa MycyjiMOHjiap 
KyuiHHHra aMHp GyjiraH Ba my acaHrAa maxHA 6yjiraH. 

Ajihh h6h A6y TojihG em 6ojia GyjinG, Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy 
ajianx,H Ba cajuiaMHHHr aMaKHjiapHHHHr yrjiH sah. Y khuih 
Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr TapGira Ba 
Ka<J)OJiaTjiapHAa GynraHjiap. 

A6y Eaicp Chaahk GaAaBjiaT, cepyji(J)aT, KynjiaG OAaMjiapHHHr 
Myx,a66aTHra ca30Bap GyjiraH, x,yuixyjiK; Ba caxoBaTjin hhcoh sah. 
CaBAO HuuiapHAa TaacpnGa Ba Ghjihm cox,h6h GynraHH ynyH 
KaBMHAarn OAaMjiap yH^aH MacnaxaT Ba TaBCHJuiap ojihui ynyH 
yHHHr ojiAHra Kyn KejinuiapAH. YHHHr AatBaTHHHHr GapaxoTH 
yjiapoic; Ycmoh h6h A(J)(J)oh yiviaBHH, 3y6aiip h6h Abbom AcaAHii, 
A6Ayppax,MOH h6h Ab(J), CatA h6h A6y BaKKOC 3yx,pnH Ba Tanxa 

h6h yGailAyJlJlOX, TailMHH (Ajijio^ ynap/iaH po3H 6yncHH)Jiap HHMOHra 
xejiAHJiap. HoMjiapn THjira ojiHHraH 8 Ha(J)ap KHuiHjiap HcnoMra 
KHpnuiAa OAaMjiapAaH y3raH HcjiOMHHHr Ghphhhh HaMoaHAajiapn 
CH(J)aTHAa GnpHHHHjiap ca(J)HAaH aeon ojiAHJiap. ByjiapHHHr H3HAaH 
BaHy X,opnc h6h Onx,p KaGnjiacnra MaHcyG 6ynraH "Amhhhh 
x,a3Hx,Hji-yMMa", jrbHH "6y yMMaraHHr 3Hr hihohhjihch" homhhh 
onraH A6y YGaiiAa Omhp h6h )Kappox Ohxphh, A6y CanaMa h6h 



106 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

AGAyJiacaA Max3yMHH Ba yHHHr aejiH yMMy CanaMa, ApK;aM h6h 
A6y ApK;aM Max3yMHH, Ycmoh h6h Ma3iyH )KyMaxHH Ba yHHHr 
hkkh TyFHinraHH J^yAOMa GnnaH AGAyJuiox,, YGaHAa h6h Xppnc 
h6h MyrrojiHG h6h MaHO(J), CatHA h6h 3aiiA AAaBHH Ba yHHHr 
aejiH, Yiviap h6h XaTroGHHHr CHHrjiHCH OoTHMa 6hhth XaTroG 
AAaBHiia, Xa66o6 h6h ApaT TanMHH, ^Katc^ap h6h A6y TojihG Ba 
yHHHr aejiH Acmo 6hhth yMafic, Xojiha h6h CatHA h6h Ocb 
yMaBHii Ba yHHHr aejiH YMaHHa 6hhth XanatJ), cyHrpa yHHHr yxacn 
Amp h6h CatHA h6h Ocb, Xoth6 h6h Xppnc )KyMaxHH Ba yHHHr 
aejiH OoTHMa 6hhth Myacajuinji xaMAa yxacn XaiToG h6h Xppnc 
Ba yHHHr xothhh OyKaiixa 6hhth ilcop, aHa 6np yxacn MytaMMap 
h6h Xppnc, MyrrojiHG h6h A3xap 3yxapHH Ba yHHHr xothhh 
PaMjia 6hhth A6y Ab(J), HatHM h6h AGAyjmox, h6h Hhxom 
AAaBHHjiap 6npHH kcthh HcnoMra KHpAHjiap. BynapHHHr 
x,aMManapH Kypanm KaGnjiacnra MaHcy6 GynnG, ynap Kypanm 
KaGHjiacHHHHr Typnn ypyr, ajiaTjiapn Ba KaGnnajiapHAaH 
GyjiraHjiap. 
KypaMiiJflaH y3ra Ka6mianap,qaH 6yjii/i6, l/lcjioivira aBBaxi 

KkipraH co6nKnap 

AGAyJuiox, h6h MactyA X,y3ajiHH, MaciyA h6h PoGnHta K^opnH, 
AGAyjmox, h6h }Kaxm AcaAHH Ba yHHHr TyrnuiraHH A6y AxMaA 
h6h }Kaxm, Bhjioji h6h Pa66ox, Xa6auiHH, Cyx,an6 PyMHH, Ammop 
h6h Ecnp Ahchh Ba yHHHr OTacn Ecnp, OHacn CyMaira Ba Omhp 
h6h Oyxanpajiap. 

lOKopnaa HOMjiapn THjira ojiHHMaraH, aiviivio HcjiOMra aeeaji 
KnpraH aejuiap. A66oc h6h AGAyJiMyrrojiHGHHHr aejiH YMMy 
AfiMaH Eapaica XaGauinna, YMMyn Oa3Ji JIy6o6an KyGpo 6hhth 
Xppnc Xhjiojih&i Ba Acmo 6hhth A6y Eaicp Chaahk; (yjiapmmr 
6apHajiapn/iaH Ajijio^ po3H 6yncHH). 

By OAaMjiapHHHr Gapnanapn Hcjiom TapnxHAa "Co6nK;HHHaji 
aBBanHHH" Aea TaHHjiraHjiap. TaAKHK; Ba TeKuinpyBjiapAaH xeHHH 
cax,o6anapAaH aBBaima HcnoMra khph6, MaHa uiy homhh ojiraHjiapn 
cohh 130 apxax Ba aennap 6yjiraH. JleKHH ynapHHHr xaMManapn 
Max(J)HH AatBaT AaBpnAa HHMOHra KenraHjiapMH exn 
6ai.3HjiapHHHHr HHMOHra KejinuiH AatBaTHHHr ouixopa 6ynraH 
naHTHAa pyg GepraHMH, 6y xai<;Aa aHHK; MatnyMOTjiap eTapnn 3Mac. 



107 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HaM03 

fl,acTjia6KH ho3hji 6ynraH xyKMjiapAaH 6npn HaM03ra 6yjiraH 
GyfipyK; GyjiAH. H6h X,aacap uiyHAafi achah: 

- IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcanoM Hcpo xpAHcacnAaH aBBan MyrjiaK 
HaM03 y^np 3AHjiap. AcxoGnapn xaM xyAAH uiyHAafi HaM03 y^np 
3AHjiap. JleKHH HaM03 5 BaKT GyjiHuiHAaH aBBan 6npoH HaM03 (J)ap3 
6ynraHMH exn fiyicMH? MaHa myHAa hxthjio(J) 6op. Bai.3Hjiap: 

- YHAaH aBBan HaM03 Kyein HHKHiiiHAaH ojiahh Ba GoTHiiiHAaH 
KeHHH yicHjiHuiH c[)ap3 GyjiraH xojioc, - AeHnmraH. 

X,opnc h6h A6y YcoMa H6h JlaxHHta TapHK;acHAaH MaBcynaH 
3aiiA h6h X,opncaAaH KHjiHHraH pHB05rrra Kypa: 

"Pocyjiyjuiox; cajuiajuioxy anaii^u ea cajuiajuea dyjiean dacmnadmi 
eayuujiap acHOCuda )Ku6puji Kenu6, ma^opammi ypeamdu-da, 
mayopamdaH dymazanudan cynz 6up yoeyn cyerni ojiu6 
aepamnapuza cendimap. H6h Moacaca xaM aiiHH my MatHOAarn 
xaAHCHH pHBoaT KmiraH. Bappo h6h 03h6 Ba H6h A66ocAaH 
pHBO^T KHjiHHraH xaAHC xaM xyAAH uiyHra yxmam MatHOAa 
KenraH. By 3Hr aBBajirn (J)ap3 sah. 

(A6/ryjuio^ >KyH/iHH "MyxTacapnc ciiap": 88-6). 

H6h X,HinoMHHHr 3HKp KHjiHuiHra Kypa: 

Pocynyjijiox, cajijiajuioxy anaftxH Ba camiaM Ba acxoGnapn HaM03 
BaKTH KenraH nairrAa AapanapHHHr HHKapucura KnpuG xeTap Ba 
KaBMjiapHAaH GepKHHumuG, HaM03 yKHp SAHjiap. Blip MapTa A6y 
TojihG IlaHFaMGap ajiafixHccajiOM 6miaH AjinHHHHr HaM03 
yicHeTraHjiapHHH icypuG k,ojih6, ynap 6miaH 6y xaKAa raruiaiimG, 
HuiHHHr ca6a6HHH GujiraH, 6y HiiiAa co6ht TypHmjiapuHH GyiopraH. 
(H6h X,hihom: 1/247, MycHa/iH A6y J\o~Eyj\ TaenHCHH: 26-6) 

HcnoMHHHr AacTjiaGxH AaBpnAa MyMHHjiapra GyiopHjiraH nGoAaT 
(J)aK;aT MaHa myHAaH nGopaT GyjiraH 3-ah. HaM03ra TaajuiyKAH 
GyjiraH aMajmaH 6omK,a ynap ynyH xen 6np GyfipyK; Ba KaHrapHiqiap 
GyjiMaraH. Hjioxhh BaxHiijiap MyMHHjiapra TaBXHAHHHr Typjra 
KHppanapHHH 6aeH khjihG 6epap Ba ynapHHHr MatHaBHjrrjiapHHH 
noKjiauira Taprn6 KHjiap Ba yjiapmi ry3aji axnoiqiap GnnaH 
3HHHaTjiaHHinra Te3Jiap, xaMAa acaHHaT Ba Ay3ax,HH xyAAH Ky3 
onAHjiapura KejrrapHG KyiiraHAeK TatpH^jiaG-TaBCHtJjjiaG 6epap 
3AH. ilHa ynapra K,aji6jiapHH TyjiK;HHjiaHTHpH6, pyxiiapHH 
03HK;jiaHTHpyBHH eTyx MaBtH3ajiap GnnaH KenapAH. Cax,o6anapHH 



108 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

yma AaBpAarn hhcohhat acaMHjrrn flmaerraH x,aer Myx,HTHAaH 
GyTyHjiafi y3rana Myca4)(J)0 y(J)K; capn eTamiapAH. 

MaHa uiyHAafi Tap3#a opaAaH 3 hhji Baicr yT^H. flatBaT MatnyM 
uiaxcjiap opacHAa HemiaHraH x,oima AaBOM 3TapAH. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM 6y AatBaTHii OMMaBiiii acofijiapAa 
OAaMjiapra ouixop KiuiMaAiijiap. JleioiH 6y AatBaT 

KypainiijiiiKjiapHiiHr opaciiAa TaHiijiiiG 6opap 3ah. HcjiOMHimr 
homh MaKKa ax,jin opaciiAa Tapi<;ajiii6, OAaMjiap 6y xaKAa 
ranjiamiimap, 6at3iijiap 6ymi rox,o iimcop 3Tap 3Aiijiap. Ea^ii 6np 
MyMHHjiapra GiipoBjiap TOMOHiiAaH Taireiiiqiap x,aM 6yjmn. JleiciiH 
ynap 6yHra xyn ax,aMH5rr 6apMaAHJiap. Hymen Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM x,ajin yjiapHimr AHHjiapiiHii aii6jia6, 
ojiiix,ajiapn x,ai<;HAa raniipraiuiapii fiyK; 3 ah. 



it it it 



109 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MKKMHHM BOCKMH 

OUJKOPAflA"bBAT 

flatBaTHM ouiKop 3Tnujflarn flacTJia6KM muj 

IIIyHAaH k;hjih6, MaxxaAa y3apo GHpoAapnaiiiHiii Ba xaMKopjiHK 
acocnra KypnnraH, MyMHHjiapAaH TauiKHji TonraH 6np acaMoa nan^o 
GyjiAH. By acaMoa PncojiaTHH eTKa3Hin Ba yHHHr MaKOMHHH THKjiam 
iokhhh KyTapHinra Tafiep Gyjiran, Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH 
Ba cannaMra xa^ GnnaH Gothji K)3Ma-K)3 TyKHainyBH ynyH AatBaTHH 
ouiKop khjihihhh TaxjiHtJ) 3th6 Baxnii KenAH. By Mai<;caA MyjiHAa 3Hr 
Ghphhhh ho3hji 6ynraH Baxnii IHytapo cypacHHHHr 214- oath 
Gyji^H. 

214. Ba hk;hh KapHHfloui-ypyFjiapHHrH3HH (AjuioxHHHr 
a3o6HAaH) orox,jiaHTHpHHr! 

Ba y GnnaH 6npra my cypaAarn 6ouiK;a oaTjiap xaM ho3hji GyjiAH. 
6y cypaHHHr aBBajiHAarH 05miapHAa Myco anaHXHCcanoM 
x,aeTHHHHr GomjiaHHiiiHAaH to yHHHr BaHy Hcponji GnnaH 6npra 
x,H»cpaT khjihuih, OnptaBH Ba yHHHr KaBMHAaH HaacoT TonnuiH Ba 
OnptaBH GnnaH yHHHr Gapn Tapa(J)AopjiapHHH rapK khjihhhihh 
KHecacH 6aeH KHjiHHaAH. YiiiGy KHeca OnptaBH Ba yHHHr KaBMHHH 
Ajuioxra AatBaT khjihih acHOCHAa Myco ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 6och6 
yTraH Gapna MapxananapH GaeHHHH y3 nnnra onaAH. nanraMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMra AatBaTHH ouixop KHjiHiiira GynraH Gynpyic; GnnaH 
6npra KHeca Ta(J)CHjiOTHHHHr GaeH khjihhhihh Baxnii khjihhhihh 
ryeKH, IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcanoM Ba yHHHr acxoGnapn AatBaraH 
ouixop KHjiraH nanTjiapHAa ynapra HyjiHK;aAHraH GocHMjiap, 
ejiFOHHH KHjiHHHuijiap Ba TypjiH MauiaKKaTjiap ynapHHHr Ky3 
yHrn^a raBAanaHnG TypnuiH Ba HuiHHHr AacnaGicH GomjiaHHiii 
OHjiapHAaeic; y3 Huijiapn Ba yHHHr TaGntaTHAaH TyjiHK xaGapAop 
GynnG, OHrjiH paBHiima hui GomjiamjiapH jio3HMjiHrHHH Ha3ap#a 
TyTraHAex TyiojiaAH. 

BouiK;a 6np acnxaTAaH 6y ep#a naHFaiviGapjiapHH ejiFOHHH 
KHjiraHjiapHHHr Kenaacax OKHGaTjiapn He GyjimiiH GaeHHHH xaM y3 
HHHra onaAH. Ynap Hyx,, Oa, CaMyA KaBMjiapn, HGpoxHM, JlyT 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMjiapHHHr KaBMjiapn Ba AapaxT3op aranapn GynraH 



110 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

IIIytaHG ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr KaBMnapn KHecanapH GynnG, ynap 
OuptaBH Ba yHHHr K;aBMH KHjiMHiiuiapH 6aeHH KaTopHAa THjira 
ojihhh6 yTaAH. Ma3Kyp KHCcanapAaH xynoca myicH, 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaHx,HccajiOMHH ejiFOHHH KHjiyBHH KHMcanap x,aM y3 
HuinapHHHHr OKnGaTH He GyjiHuiHHH Ba arap ynap my x,ojijiapHAa 
AaBOM 3Tcanap, Te3 xyH^a Ajuiox,HHHr a3o6H Ba ra3a6Hra 
HyjiHKHuiHHH 6hjih6 KyMcHH. MyMHHjiap 3ca ry3an OKHGaT 
KocJmpnapHHKH 3Mac, 6ajiKH MyMHHjiapHHKH GyjiHuiHHH 6hjih6 
ojichh Ba x,aMHina 6a Aa TyTCHHjiap. 

flKMHJiapHM flatBaT stmuj 
YuiGy OflTnap hcbhji GyjiraHHAaH cyHr Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy 
anaHx,H Ba cannaM K;a6HjiaAOuuiapH GyjiMHiii BaHy X,ouihm 
KaGHjiacHHH naKHpAHjiap. Ynap GnjiaH 6npra BaHy MyrrojiHG h6h 
A6AyMaHHO(J)AaH GynraH 6np Hena KHuinjiap x,aM KenAHJiap. 
TynnaHraHjiap 45 khihh aTpo(J)HAa GynraH sah. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijiajuioxy anaibcH Ba camiaM rannpHiiira shah ofh3 acycJDTjiaraH 
x,aM 3AHjiapKH, A6y JIax,a6 ihoiuhjihG yHHHr cy3JiapHHH GynnG: 

- MaHa 6y OAaivuiap, ceHHHr aMaKHjiapHHr Ba aMaKHBaHnajiapHHr 
Gyjia^H. Em GojiajiHKHH KyiinG, ynnaG rannprHH. EnjirnHKH, ceHHHr 
KaBMHHrHH apa6napHHHr x,aMMacra TOKaTH eTMafiAH. MeH ceHH 
yuiJiaG Typnin, thhh6 KyHHinra x,aiqiHpoK;MaH. CeHra araHrHH 
aBjiOAJiapn, atHH y3 ypyrnapHHr KH(J)oa KHjiaAH. Arap ceH y3 
x,onaTHHrAa Tex TypcaHr, 6y ynap ynyH GyTyH Kypanm KaGnjiacn 
ax,jiH apaGnap x,aMKopjiHrHAa ceHH thhh6 KyHHimiapHAaH Kypa 
eHrnjipoK; GynaAH. MeH y3 K,aBMHra ceH ojih6 KenraH HapcaAaH Kypa 
eMOHpoK, Hapca KejiTHpraH GnpoH khihhhh KypMaraHMaH,- acah. 
IlaHFaMGap anaibcHccajiOM >khm Typn6 K,ojiAHjiap Ba yui6y HHFHHAa 
x,en Hapca rannpiviaAHJiap. 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiccn Ba camiaM ynapHH hkkhhhh 6op 
TynnaAHJiapAa: 

'-'' 'j ''■• (j-»j 1 *■ " **! jjj-« o->» aSsLj Jj*Jj »ji*jlu_jj A m*° ii \j a ) '"■*■ * & J '«■«■ II <jl 
V »Aaj iil! V) Al\ V (1)1 if«ij ^ cS J ^* 3lS tJiuaj £>«J ^ D^> ^ iSll aJfcj #» ^IL^i 

" - AnxflMdy Jiujinax,, Men Awioxpa ^ajudy-cano ailmu6, Yudau 
epdaM cypauM.au, Yuza uumoh KenmupaMaH, Ynza maeaKKyn 
KfUJiaMUH (rt>hu cyRHOMan), ea x,en 6up iuepuKCU3 6yjiean, en2U3 



111 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^ju^lJ/jL^jl// 

AnjioXfdaH y3za Hnox, uyKjiuzuza zyeoxjiuK 6epaMau. Andamma 
dapaKHU y3 axjiuuu cmdaMaudu. Yndan y3za MWbdyd uyx, dynzan 
Awioxpa K,acaMKU, Men OMMamau odoM/iapea, xoccaman cu3/iapea 
Ajijiox,huh2 3jihucu 6yjiaM.au. Awioxpa K,acaMKU, cu3Jiap xyddu 
yxnazaHUH2U3deK yjiacmnap. Cyuz xyddu ymomauummdeK 
lyiuma mupwiacu3Jiap. Ba k,ujiu6 ymzau (iMajuiapummza Kypa 
x,uco6—Kumo6 K i uiiuuacu3iiap. Hamuztca 3ca e a6aduil atcauuam 
Sku a6aduil dy3ax,dup'\- AeAHJiap. HlyHAa A6y TojihG: 

- CeHra epAaM Gepnm 6h3 ynyH Ha K,aAap ckhmjih, 
HacHx,aTjiapHHrHH K,a6yji khjihih Ha K,aAap 3aBigiH, rannapHHrHH 
TacAHKJiaui Ha K,aAap poxaTGaxmAHp. By epra HHFHjiraHjiap ceHHHr 
OTaHrHH aBjiOAJiapn (atHH ypyraapHHr), MeH xaM ynapHHHr 
GnpHMaH. JleKHH mch ceH HcraraH Hapcara moiiiH.jiyBHHpoKMaH. 
HHMara GyiopHjiraH GyncaHr ymaHH AaBOM STrapaBep. Ajuioxra 
KacaMKH, ceHH eHHMra ojih6 xhmoji KHjinmra aohm TafiepMaH. 
JleKHH BaHy MyrrojiHG AHHHAaH aacpajinuira KyHniHM 
GyjiMaanTH,- p,ep,u. A6y JIaxaG 3ca: 

- Ajuioxra K,acaMKH, 6y JKy^a eMOH Hapca. Tokh, CH3JiapAaH 
6oinK,ajiap yHHHr KynHAaH TyTMacHAaH ojiahh, yHH KyJiHAaH 
yuiJiaG, thhh6 KyHHHrnap,- nejiu. A6y TojihG yHra acaBoGaH: 

- TOKH THpHK 3KaHMH3, 6H3 yHH XHM05I KHJiaMH3, - AeAH. 

(H6h Acniip Komhji": 1/584-585). 

Cacjio TOFMfla 

IIaHFaM6ap ajianxHccajiOM IlapBapAHropHHHHr PncojiaTKHH 
eTKa3HuijiapHAa A6y TojihG xhmoa KHjiHiiiHra TyjiHK, huiohh xochji 
KHjiran, KyHjiapHHHr Gnpn^a Ca(J)o TOFHHHHr 3Hr HyK,KHCHAarH 
xapcaHr toui ycTHra HHKAHJiapAa, GanaHA OB03Aa: 

- "E caftoxpl (OdaMiiap, yo odaMJiap, atuumjuaduM dejuamjiap! 
MOhuocuda) ,- Aea KHHKHpAHJiap. ApaGnapAa 6y KanHMa eBHHHr 
x,yacyMHAaH eKH 6npoH KaTra HuiHHHr coahp GyjinuiHAaH xa6ap 
6epn6, orox, 3TyBHH KanHMa CH(J)aTHAa KyjiJiaHHjiap 3ah. CyHrpa 
JsypaHuiHHHr ypyr Ba K,a6HjiajiapHHH HOMMa-HOM airraG naKHpa 
GouijiaAHjiap. , . . 

I_> J rf k .jJlJ l_> i$ I_Lj qJLu) a -Ci-Lc 4)1 ,—Lfl is- LjLJ I J-*-> 

(£l_>j_9 (j J)h > J tSJLc .jJl. J 

- "Xyy Eauy @uxp, 3ii Eany Aduu, 3ii Eany Oyjion, xyy Eany 
OynoH, xyy Eany A6dyMimo(p, xyy Eany A6dyjiMymmonu6. " 

112 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaibcHccajiOMHUHr HHAOJiapuHH auiHTraHjiap: 
-HaKHpaeTraH khm y3H? - p,e6 cypamap 3ah. 
-Myx,aMMaA (ajian^HccajioM),- #e6 acaBoG GepumapAH. OAaivuiap y 
KHuiHHHHr x,y3ypnapHra ihoiuhjihihhG Kena GouuiaAHJiap. YsnapH 
Gopumra koahp 6yjiMaraHjiap: 

- Eopn6 GnjirHH-HH HHMa ran aicaH? - #e6 op,aM K>6opap 3ah. 
JsypaHinjiHKjiap 6miaH 6npra A6y JIax,a6 x,aM kcjiah. X,aMMa 
TynnaHuG Gyjiran, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM: 
I JL» g_ali)_j g jAj ^-> 6 I °f^— ' J-*-* ' JM °f^-*-^ ' J ' 
^JJLa.0 °p_LLS'l J-J-^e— i I 
- "Memo, aumumjiapmi, map Men cu3napza: - muhu my 
moznuHZ opmudmu eoduuda onwuK, nymun cu3Jiapea xyztcyM 
KfUHMOKfHU 6ynu6, mypuddu— de6 xadap 6epcaM eanuMHU 
macduKjiaucmnapMU?"— AeAiiJiap. Ynap 6np 0B03AaH: 

X,a ajiGarra, 6113 cighii 6npoH MapTa x,aM ejiFOH 
rannpraHHHrH3HH 6njiMaraHMii3. Cii3AaH (J)aK;aT pocT ranHii 
3uiHTraHMH3, - #e6 acaBoG GepAiuiap. HlyHAaH cyHr Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM: 

u-l-LJ) Q I JLJ JLu) U I JLc Is JLJ ijli— > °pJi>L_ i J_J j_i ^J l_9 O 
4_L& I l_ »J_» (j-LlaJ 1—9 jJUj-JI <i I j J^"^ J-J-e-£ °f*SLLJ_aJ3 
o (3- L_ua l_j la 1 $ j j Li j I (5i L_Lj 
-"Men cu3Jiapuu muddarwiu 0306 ondudau 

ozoXfJiaumupyeHUMaH. Men dunan cu3Jiapuum mucojiuhzu3, jj 
oxjiu capu 6ocmupu6 KenaermaH Kymuunu Kypzan 6up kuuiuhu 
Muco/iuea yxtuaudu (y kuiuu demand Jtcouea huv;u6, dytuMcm yyjtcyM 
6ouuia6 T^oiiMacuH ynyn Ky3amu6 mypapdu). JJyuiMim y3udan y3u6 
Kemumudau Kypi^ud: 

-"E Co6ox,o" den tgiitgipa domnadu, -AeAHJiap. CyHr yjiapHH 
x,aK AHHra Ha^HpuG, AjuioxHHHr a3o6HAaH orox,jiaHTHpAHjiap. 
YnapHji x,aM OMMaTaH, x,aM xoccaTaH AatBaT 3th6: 

Vj (_j \\*\\\ jjg, tj jj Lj Ulu AUl (jj» ijjfr ^jjfri V AUl (>» - <r "»*t Ijjluil O^JJ^ JuOLA L 
Ijjjjj ' ■»< (jj » jJ» /yli L Uj« Aill (jj» ,aU i-liil V /jjli jQJl (jj» AS i nS'ii Ijiiii i_j jl <jj 



113 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^ju^lJ/jL^jl// 



-"3U KypauiwiuKJiap MCOHJiapummuu Ajijio^huhc O3o6udau 
ciiKjiad KpiiuHZJiap. jKounapummuu dy3ax, 03o6udau KymK,apu6 
K,ojiuH2Jiap! Hyuuu, Men apmaea Ajijioxjiuuz xy3ypuda cu3napza 
ua (poilda ea ua 3apapza aeajiuK KfinonMauMau. Men cu3Jiapdau 
AnjioXfHUHZ moMOHudan dyjizau 6upop uapcauu da(pi> 

KfUlOJlMaUMttH. 

- 3u Eauy Kai>6 u6u Jlybau, y3 3tcounapuuzu3uu dy3ax;dau 
Kymi^apumnap. Men cu3Jiapea ua (poilda ea na 3apap 6epa 
ojiMauM.au. 

- 3u Eauy Myppa u6u Kai>6 y3 Mcoujiapumu3HU dy3ax;dau 
Kymh^apumnap. Men cu3Jiapea ua (poilda ea ua 3apap 6epa 

OJlMttUMttU. 

- 3u Eauy A6dyMauo(p otcaMoitacu, 3tcoujiapuuzu3uu dy3ax, 
03o6udau KymK,apu6 Kpjiuuziiapl HyuKU Men apmaea Ajijio^huhc 
xy3ypuda cu3Jiapea ua (poilda ea ua 3apapza aeajiuK 
KfinojiMauMau. Men cu3Jiapdau Ajuio^huhc moMouudau 6yneau 
6upop uapcauu da(pi> KfinonMauMau. 

- 3u Eauy AddyuiuiaMC, 0Kounapuuzu3uu dy3ax, 03o6udau 
Kynth^apud Kpnuuznapl HyuKU Men apmaea Ajuio^huhc xy3ypuda 
cu3Jiapea ua (poilda ea ua 3apapza aeajiuK KfinonMauMau. Men 
cu3Jiapdau Ajijio^huhc moMouudau 6yjieau 6upop uapcauu da(pi> 

KfUJlOJlMaUMUH. 

- 3u Eauy X^ouium, otcouiiapuuzu3HU ymdau Kynu^apuuznapl 

- 3u Eauy A6dyjiMymmonu6, otcouiiapuuzmuu dy3ax, 03o6udau 
KymK,apu6 %ojiuue/iap! Hyuuu Men apmaea Ajuio^huhc xy3ypuda 
cu3Jiapea ua (poilda ea ua 3apapza aeajiuK qwiojiMauMau. Men 
cu3Jiapdau Ajijiox, moMouudau dynzau 6upop uapcauu da(p r b 

KflHOHMaUMttU. 

- 3u A66oc u6u A6dyjiMymmonu6, Men ceuza Annox^au 6yjieau 
6upop uapcauu myconMauMau. 

3u Ajijiox, Pocyjiuuuue ommucu Co(puun 6uumu 
A6dyjiMymmojiu6, Men ceuza Annoxfiau dynzau 6upop uapcauu 
myconMauMau. 



114 



AppoxuKVJi Maxmy.M ^jlLJl ' cJj^jJI 

- 3u Ajijiox; Pocynu MyxflMMadnum Kfi3u OormiMa, Meuum 
MoiiuMdaH xpxjiazanuHHa napcamuu cypazun. Y3 mcohuhzhu 
ymdan y3um KymufipzuH. HyHKU, Men cema Aiuiox^an 6yjiean 
6upop HcipcaHU mycojiMauMiiH. JleKUH cu3y 6u3Hum opaMU3da 
KflpundoumuK puuimajiapu 6op, Men dynum x,aK,K,UHU 6awco 
KfUnaMau! " - Aea AatBaraH eTKa3AHjiap. 

YuiGy AatBaT Hnx,05iCHra erraHHAaH cyHr OAaMjiap y3 yfuiapra 
TapKana GoiiijiaAHjiap. A6y JIax,a6AaH y3ra x,en 6np hhcoh paAAHJi 
GHjiAHpMaAH. Ammo A6y JIax,a6 sea, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy 
anaHx,H Ba cannaMra eMOHjiHK 6miaH K)3Ma-K)3 KennG: 

- "Ta66aH naic", jtbhh x,ajioicaT 6yjiCHH ceHra! - my Hapca ynyH 
6H3JiapHH HHFAHHrMH? - acah. IIIyHAa yHHHr x,a^HAa MacaA 
cypacH ho3hji Gyji^H. 

(2) C~^TUj *Ju aIp ^Ji.\ u (1) iLij <-*$ (jit \Jj cJj 

1. A6y JIax,a6HHHr Kyjuiapn KypHraii - x,ajiOK Syjiraii! 
(Ahhi^kh) y KypnflH - x,ajiOK Syjifln! 

2. Moji-MyjiKH Ba Kac6 khjihS TonraH Hapcajiapn yHra 
acKOTraHH fiyK;!. 

K)K;opHAarH 6ajiaHA hhao Ta6jiHF (eTKa3Hin) fojich 6yjiraH 3ah. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiccn Ba cajinaM y3HHHHr 3Hr jik;hh 
OAaMjiapn MaHa uiy PncojiaTHH TacAHiqiaiiiH, y3H GnnaH jiKHHjiapH 
ypTaciwarH ajio^a pHmrajiapHHHHr x,aer sicaHjiHrHHH Ba apa6nap 
opacHAa >KopHH 6ynraH jik;hhjihk pHmrajiapH napBapAHropjiapn 
TOMOHHAaH KenaAHraH MaHa my orox,jiaHTHpHin x,apopaTHAa 3pn6 
KeTraHjiHrHHH ohhk;-ohahh 6aeH KHjiAHjiap. 

MaKKaHHHr TypjiH GypnaicjiapHAa ym6y hhao aicc-caAOCH, to 
Ajuiox,HHHr MaHa 6y oath ho3hji GynryHHra KaAap 5iHrpa6 TypAH. 

(94) c£r^ s cf 'j*j*3 sP ^ fc&>& 

94. Bac, CH3 y3HHroi3ra SyiopHjiraH iiiiihii (jh>hh, X,a^ AHHra 
AatBaT khjihihhh) H)3ara HHKapimr Ba MyinpHKjiapaaH 103 
yrnpHHr! 

(X,n»cp 94-oht). 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajijioxy ajiaiccn Ba cajinaM MympHKjiap 

TynnaHaAHraH aconjiapAa Ba ynapHHHr MaacjiHcrox,jiapHAa HcnoMra 

omKop AatBaT khjih6, ynapra K^yptOHHH THjiOBaT k;hjih6 6epap Ba 



115 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

ynapra aBBajirn naHFaM6apnap y3 KaBMjiapura aihraH cy3JiapHH 
afrrap 3AHjiap. 

"3m KaBMMM, AxiJio^ra n6oflaT wmuHmap! Cn3nap ynyH 
YHflaH y3ra 6npoH 11/10* ftyKAkip. Aji6aira, MeH 
CM3JiapHMHr 6ytOK KyH (KjneiviaT KyHW-iw-ir) a3o6nra 
rnpncpTop 6yjiMUJMHrn3flaH KypKaiviaH" 

(AtpoiJ): 59-oht). 
IlaHFaMGap ajiaibcuccajiOM MyinpHKjiapHHHr Ky3 yHrHjiapuna 
Ajijiox, Taonora nGoAaT KHjia GouuiaAHJiap. Kynna KyHny3H Kat6a 
cax,HHAa, ryBOx,jiap ojiflHfla OB03JiapHHH HHK;apH6 HaM03 yKHpnHjiap. 
IlaHFaMGap ajiaibcHccajiOMHUHr AatBaTnapuHH K;a6yji khjihih 
3HeAajiauiH6 Gopapnu. OnaMjiap GupuH-KeTHH Ajijiox,hhhf nHHura 
KHpa GouiJiaAHJiap. ,H,HHra KHpnin, MyMHtuiap 6ujian ynapHHHr 
AHHra KHpMaraH onjia at30JiapH ypTacuna y30iqiaiiryB Ba 6np 
GupuHH eMOH KypHuiHH x,ochji khjiah. KypaHiHjiHKjiap 6y 
HinjiapAaH rapaHr GynuG, Goinjiapn k;oth6 kojiah. KypaerraH 
HapcanapH ynapra eMOH Tatcup KHjiap sah. 

)^o>KmiapHM flatBaT aujMTMUJflaH Tycwui ynyH ujypo 

KeHraujM 
MaHa my KyHjiapna KypaHiHjiHKjiap ynyH 6oiiiK;a 6np hie Myx,HM 
GyjinG kojiah. fl,ai.BaTHH oinicop GoimiaHraHura caHOigiH ofiy- 
KyHjiap yTMafi Typn6 x,a»c MaBcyMH aKHHjiamHG kojiah. X,aneMaH 
apa6napHHHr sjinmiapH ynap oiiAHra KejiHmHHH J^ypafim 6hjih6 
TypapAH. Arap 3JiHHjiap xenca, ynapra natBaT Tatcup STMacjinrn 
ynyH ynapra Myx,aMMaA ajiaibcuccajiOM x,ai<;HAa GupoH ejiFOH Hapca 
airrani Kepax brh.. Ynap 6y Gopana (Jmicp ajiMamyB ynyH Banna, h6h 
MyFHHpaHHHr oiiAHra Gopnunap. Banna, ynapra: 

- YHMHr x,ai<;HAa x,aMMaHrn3 (J)aK;aT 6np xhji (Jmicp airraHrnap! 
TanjiapHHr Typnuna GyjiMacnH, axe x,onna 6np GupnapuHrHH 
ejiFOHHH k;hjih6, GupnapuHr GupnapuHrHH pan k;hjih6 K;yflCH3Jiap,- 

- YHAaH Gyjica ceH y3HHr 6np (Jmicp airr Ba HHMa aeHHiHHMH3 
x,ai<;HAa Girenapra TaBcira 6ep! - ne6 Bajinara airrnHnap. 

- Cirenap (J)HKpjiapHHrH3HH airraHrnap, MeH 6np 3ihhth6 Kypafi- 
hh, - neAH Banna, Ynap: 



116 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- y koxhh, (J)oji6hh AeHMH3,- AeAHJiap. 

- Hy\ y koxhh 3Mac. KoxHHjiapHH KynjiapHHH KypAHK. y 
KOXHHjiap CHjiCHJiacHra xaM, TH3HMHra xaM TyuiMaiiAH, - ReRii y. 

- MaacHyH AecaK-nn!? - AeAHJiap. 

- HyX y MaacHyH xaM 3Mac, acHHHHjiapHH xaM KynHHH 
KypraHMH3. yH^a >khhhhjihkhh HHiiiOHacH xaM, BacBacacH xaM 
fiyK - fleAH. 

- IHonp AeHMH3, - AeAHJiap. 

- y UIOHp 3MaC. HletpHH X,aM XaMMaCHHH 6HJiaMH3. IIIetpHMHr 
GapHa TypHHH, pyGOHHCHHH XaM, Ha3MHHH xaM, HacpHHH xaM, 

Fa3ajiHHH xaM, MyxaMMacHHHAM KypAHK, 6HjiaMH3. yHHHr ranjiapn 
uietp xaM 3Mac, - p,ep,u. 

- yH^a cexprap AeiiMH3, - AeAHJiap. BajiHA ynapra: 

- y cexprap 3Mac. CexprapnapHH xaM Ba yjiapHHHr cexpnapHHH 
xaM 6HjiaMH3. y cexp xbc TyryHjiap xaM 3Mac - AeAH. IIIyHAa ynap 
TaHrjiauiHG: 

- yHAafi Gyjica, HHMa achjimk axnp, - AeAHJiap. BaniiA: 

- Ajinoxra KacaMKii, yHHHr cy3JiapiiAa aacn6 6np xanoBaT- 
TiuioBaT 6op. Hjiah3ii totjiii, uiox,jiapn MeBanii. Cii3Jiap airraeTraH 
HapcanapHiiHr Gapnacii Gotiiji HapcanapAHp. yHHHr xaKHAarn 
cy3JiapiiHrHii 3Hr MyHOCiiGii, cexprap AeMOigiapiiHrAHp. yHHHr 
KejiTiipraH cy3jiapn sp 6njiaH xotiihhii, OTa 6njiaH GonaHii, aica 
6njiaH yxaHii, kiiuiii 6njiaH K;a6njiacn ypTaciiHii aacpaTii6 
K)6opyBHii cexpAHp,- AeAH. yjiap MaacniicAa my MacnaxaTra 
KejiiiiiiiiG TapKajiAHjiap. 

(H6hXhhiom: 1/271) 
EaMH piiBoaTjiap ii(J)OAaciira Kypa, BaniiA ynapHiiHr 6apna 

(J)iiKpjiapiira 3tTiipo3 GiuiAHpaBepran, yjiap: 
-yHAa ceH 6n3ra y3iiHrHiiHr KaMHiijiiiKCii3 6ynraH 6np 

(J)iiKpiiHrHii 6njiAHpriiH-Hii, - AeiiiiuiAH. IIIyHAa BaniiA ynapra: 

- MeHra Myx,jiaT GepiiHraap. By xaKAa yiijiaG, (J)iiKpjia6 Kypaii,- 
AeAH. CyHr yiijiaG, (Jmicpjiaii GouuiaAH. KeiiiiH ynapra K)K;opiiAarii 
(J)iiKpiiHii Giijiahpah. BaniiA h6h Myraiipa xaKHAa Ajijiox, Taono 
MyAAacciip cypaciiAa 16 Ta 11- OflTAaH to 26- ojrrraHa 6ynraH 
oaTjiapHii H03iiji khjiah. By ojrniap opaciiAa yHHHr K,aHAaii (Jmicp 
KiijiraHii KaiitJjiiaTii MaH3apaciiHii TacBiipjiaG GepraH ojrniap xaM 
GyjinG, yjiap 18-25- ojmiapAHp. 

117 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

ft (21) jeH ft (20) j^3 *l^ji ft (19) jll u^g^ (18) ySj j£s & 
*|j ili b\ (24) yjj j^t-i % (la oj Jill (23) 'jSsLiS$ yi\ ft (22) j^j j-4* 

(26) jli *sp>^ (25) j^s Jj3 

18. HyHKH y (KyptOHHn smHTran, 6y hjiox,hh KuToGra KaHAafi 
Tyx,MaT khjihui TyrpncHAa) yiijiaflH, pe»ca Ty3flH. 

19. X,ajiOK KHJiHHryp, Kantian peaca Ty3flH-H?! 

20. HHa x,ajiOK KHJiHHryp, KaHAaii peaca Ty3flH-H?! 

21. CyHrpa y (yiijiaraH peacanapHra) Kapa/m. 

22. CyHrpa (KyptOHAaH GupoH afi6 Tona ojiMaran, nemoHacHHn) 

THpHUITHpflH Ba (a(J)THHH) SypHIHTHpflH. 

23 . CyHrpa (X,aic;AaH) 103 yrnpan ea KH6p-x,aeo khji^h. 

24-25. Bac, y: "By (^yptOH Ajuiox,HHHr cy3H 3 Mac, 6anKH) (|)aKaT 
(aBBanrHjiapAaH) HaK.u KHJiHHaerraH 6np cexpanp. By <|)aK;aT 
SamapHiiHr cyjHflnp", ae^n. 

26. HKHH/ia MeH yHH Ca«;apra (>Kax,aHHaMra) KHpHTaacaKiviaH. 

(My/maccnp: 18-26). 

KeHraui ax,jiH 6np TyxraMra KejiHuiran, 6yHH acopHH KHjinuira 
KHjiHinra K;apop KHjmnjiap. 

X,a»c MaBcyMH kojihG nop aTpcxJwaH OAaMjiap okhmh Kena 
GouiJiaraH naiiTAa fiyji Gomura yTupuG ojihihh6, yrraH cmaMjiapHH 
Myx,aMMaA ajiaiccHCcajiOMra Ba y khihh yicnG GepraH K^yptOHra 
Kyjioic; conHuiAaH orox,jiaHTHpHinap Ba y KmiiHHHHr nmjiapHHH 
ynapra yKrupHiiiap SAHJiap. 

Ammo acaHoG Pocyjiyjinox, caiuiajijioxy ajiaibcn Ba cajinaM hhkh6, 
OAaMjiapra 3prainn6, ynapHHHr TyuiraH MaH3HjuiapHra, Ykko3, 
MaacHHHa Ba 3yjiMa>K03 Ka6n OAaMjiap raBJKyM >KOHjiapra 6opn6, 
ynapHH Ajuiox,ra AatBaT icroiap SAHjiap. A6y JIax,a6 3ca 
opKanapHAaH lopnG: 

- ByHHHr ranura KyjiOK cojiMaHrnap. y OTa-6o6ocH ahhhhh Tapic 
KHjiraH ca6nH, Ka33o6AHp, - #ep sah. 

(MycHa/iH Ax,MSiJi- 3/492, En/ioa Ba Hn^oa: 5/75) 

Matra my X,a»c MaBcyMH^a apaGnap Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajinoxy 
anaHx,H Ba caiuiaMHHHr AatBaTjiapura pyn KejiAHJiap. IHyHAaii 
Khjih6, Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajijioxy ajiaHx,n Ba caiuiaMHHHr aohfh apa6 
AHepnapHHHHr 6apna GypnaicjiapHra TapKajiAH. 



118 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

flatBaiTa Kapwi/i KypauiHMHrTypjii/iHa ycny6napn 

JsypaHinjiHKjiap X,a» MaBcyMHAaH Gymaran, 6y AatBaTra KapiiiH 
ytni HypraKAanHK HOFimaeK 6y>H6 Tauinaui ynyH Typjinna Kypaui 
ycjiyGjiapn xaKHfla (Jmicp K>pHTa GomjiaAHJiap. JsyfinAa my Kypaui 
ycjiyGnapn xaKHfla anoxia TyxTajiHG yTaMH3. 
1. EnroHra HkiKapitw, Macxapa Kurikiiu. xaKopaTnaw, iiCTex30 Ba 
ycTMflaH KyjiMiii: 

Yjiap 6y ycjiy6nap 6miaH MycyjiMOHjiapHH epAaMCH3 KyHHiii Ba 
ynapHH MatHaBHH KyBBaTjiapuHH 3aH(J)jiauiTHpHuiHH y3 onAHJiapHra 
MaKcaA khjihG KyHAHJiap. Ynap Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
canjiaMra 6np K,aHna KynrHjiH TyxMaTjiap Ba ax,MaK,OHa xaK,opaTjiap 
TyKHAHjiap. 5KyMjiaAaH yjiap Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anafixH Ba 
cajuiaMHH MaacHyH AeAHJiap. 

(6) Oj^ii dJi} ji"ii( £&■ JjP if^ $) x, ^&j 

6. Yjiap (atHH, MaKKa Kcxjmpnapn MyxaMMaA anaHXHC-cajiOMHn 
Macxapa khjihihh6): "3ii (y3nra) sciaTivia - E^yptOH ho3hji 
Kii.iiiriran (#e6 Aai-BO KHJiaerraH) milijii. aapx,ai<HK;aT, ceH, 
MasKHyHcaH. 

(X,nxcp: 6) 

Yjiap Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajijiaMHH cexp Ba 
enFOHHHjiHK 6nnaH TaBCH(J) KHjiHinap 3AHJiap. 

(4) L>\J^y^l^ tla 6jj3l£)t J\lj LqIa jjli *-»*t?- b\ \£>?*3 

4. (MaKKa MympuKjiapH) yjiapra y3JiapnflaH (ji-bHH 6auiap 
aBjiOAHAaH) SyjiraH 6np orox,jiaHTHpryBHH-naiiFaM6ap 
KejiraHHflaH axa6.iaHan.iap ea y KO<|)iip.iap aeamiap: "By 6np 
ejiroHHH cex,prapflnp. 

(Ccw 4) 

Yjiap IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH aohm TatKnG KHJiap, anaMjin, 
Fa3a6HOK Ky3napH 6miaH Ky3aTap, K)3Ma-K)3 KenuG KOJinmca, e6 
KyMryAeK 3axapjiH HHrox,jiapHHH y KHuiHra THKap SAHJiap. 

(51) Oji»tiJ Ai] Ojljfljj j*jA\ IjjuIo UJ lAjUfljb dJi^i}^ ijjjiS"^s>JJ' ^ - ^13 

(52) j-Juij jSa VI jk Uj 

51. AjiSaTTa Ko<|)iip SyjiraH Kiiivica.iap 3CJiaTivia - KypfcOHHH 
3uiHTraH BaKT.iapiiaa ch3hh Ky3Jiapn Sii.iaH HHKHTae3ypjiap 
ea: "y (MyxaMMaA) inaK-iny6x,acH3 MaHCHyHflHp", aepjiap. 



119 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

52. X,oji6yKH, y (Kyp-bOH) 6apna ojiaivuiap ynyii <|)aKaT 6np 
(6yK)K) 3CJiaTMaflHp! 

(K^ajiaM:51,52) 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaHx,H Ba canjiaM rapn6 mhckhh 
acxoGnapn 6njiaH yrnpraH Gyjicanap, ynap 6np-6npjiapnra 
Kapamn6 MacxapaoMy3 oxaiirfla: - ymiHr aTpoc[)iiflarii 
x,aMcyx,6aTjiapHHH KapaHrnap, 

53. "BH3JiapHHHr opaMinaaH aHa yuiajiapra Ajijiox, hhi>om 

KHJiraH 3MHIIIMH?" 

- achhuihG nHHHHr KHjiap 3AHJiap. Ojit AaBOMima Ajijiox, Taono 
yjiapra »caBo6aH: 

(53) ,x^J^. J^ } *JJ' ifS 

Axnp uiyKp KHJiryBHHjiapHH Ajijiox, HxiimpoK SHjiryBHH 

3MaCMH?! 

- RQJAJXft. (Aht>om:53) 

yjiapHHHr 6y epAarii xonaTjiapiiHH Ajijiox, Taono y3 KajiOMiifla 
MaHa GyHAaii 6aeH k;iijiii6 GepaAH: 

iSu Ojj^UiJ Lfy \/j» ViVj (29) h^s^di IjliT ^)JS\ ^y> \^\yyr\ jjili 0} 

(31) c*0 ij^i fa$ J\ li^i 
(33) cs& 6 ' ^0- l^j 1 u i (32) OjlujJ 0p> oi ijlis ^ijij titj 

29. ^apeoKe- skhhohtkop-ko^)hp Kiiivica.iap hhmoh KejiTHpraH 
30TjiapaaH (Macxapa k;hjih6) KyjiryenH SyjiflHjiap. 

30. KanoH (MyMHHjiap) yjiapHHHr ojifliiflaii yrcajiap, yjiap 6np- 
SnpjiapHra Ky3 khciiuih6 HMO-Hinopajiap iyii.iapflii.iap. 

31. KanoH yiijiapHra KaiiTcajiap, (MyMHHjiapHH Macxapa k;hjih6 
03op GepraHjiapnAaH) poxaTjiaimS Kairrapaiuiap. 

32. KanoH (MyMHHjiapHH) Kypcajiap: "AHa, yjiap, uiaK- 
uiy6xacH3 iiyjiflaH 03iyBHH KHMcajiapanp", aepamiap. 

33. X,oji6yKH, yjiap (MyMHHjiapHHHr) ycTHra KypHKHH kii.iii6 
H)6opHJiraH 3MaCflHJiap. (Myto^xJih^hhh: 29-33) 

JsypaiiuijiiiKjiap Macxapanaui, MycyjiMOHjiapHH ycniflaH Kyjinui Ba 
yjiapra TatHa-MajiOMaTjiapHH acTa-acTa KynaiiTiipiiG 6opap SAHjiap. 



120 



AppoxuKVJi Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

By Hapcanap Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMra eMOH 
Tatcnp k;hjih6, KyHrHjuiapH OFpnpAH. Xy^AH Ajijiox aHTraHHAeic: 

•^J^-Udl v "-Sj iX(s XL>u tu~*$ (97) C)jjj£j Uj £\X*p S.. ;l <a.; dJbt «JAj JJuj 

(99) <>iii iigt; JU dijj A£ij (98) 

97. IIIaK-iny6x,acH3, Bh3 yjiap (ch3hh Macxapa khjihG) 
aiiTaeTraH cy3JiapH/jaH flmiimrio chkhjihuihhh 6miypMH3. 

(Xirap: 97) 
CyHr Ajijiox, TaonoHiiHr y khihhhh co6ht K;aAaM Gyjiiiuira yH#a6, 
MaHa my chkhjihihhh ahjiash KeTKa3yBHH aMajuiapHH KHjinmra 
GyiopAH. 

98. Bac, CH3 IIapBapflHropHHrH3ra xaMfl aiiTiim 6n.iaH (Y 
30THH "inepnK"jiapAaH) noKjiaHr ea caacaa KHJiryBHHjiapaaH 
SyjiHHr (uiyHAa Ajijiox, AHJiHHrH3Aarn FaM-anaMHH KeTica3yp ! ). 

99. (IIIyHUHrAeK), to CH3ra amny Hapca (at.Hn, yjiHM coaTn) 
KejiryHHHa IlapBapflHropHHriora nSoaaT kh.ihht! 

(X^acp: 98-99) 
Ajijiox cy6xaHaxy Ba Taono MaHa uiy cypaHHHr 95, 96- 
oaTjiapHAa Te3 KyHjiapAa 6y Macxapa KHjiyBHHjiapra Y3H KH(J)oa 
Khjihihhhh xa6apHHH 6epAH: 

95. AjiSaira, Bh3 y3HMH3-CH3HH Macxapa KHJiryBHHjiapHH 

(xanoK 3THui ynyH) kih|)oh KHJiypMH3. 

96. Yjiap Ajuioxra nna 6ouii<a "Hjiox"jiapHH (uiepHK) 
KHJiypjiap. Bac, akhha^ (KneMaT KyHH^a 6y KHjiMHuuiapHHHHr 
OKn6aTHHH) 6iijiii6 ojiypjiap. 

(10) bjij^Lj <b IjJbU ijl; tjj**^ Ji4^ (jjlsti dJLLJ j^ Jijj t5J45~ ,l, ^J 

10. (3ii MyxaMMaA), CH3flaH aeea.! yTraH nafiraiviSap.iapHiiHr 
ycTHflaH xaM KyjiHHraH. CyHr yjiapHH Macxapa KHJiraH 
KHMcajiapHH yuia Kyjirnjiapn ypa6, (AOMHra topth6) KeTraH 

(atHH xaJiOK KHJiraH). (Ahbom : 1 0) . 

2. yiiflMpManap TapKaTMiu Ba enroH TauiBMKOTnapHM 
KynaMTupniu: 

MaKKa MyuipHKjiapH 6yHaK;a nuijiapHH acy^a KynaiiTHpH6, JiHa 
aHrH-aHrn yiiAHpMa (J)HTHajiap ycTH^a KaiiKjmer Ba HXTHponap 
yiijiaG Tona 6ouuiaAHJiap. XaTro OAaMjiap ynyH nanraMGap 

121 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

anaHx,HccajiOMHHHr AatBaTjiapn xai^HAa TaAa66yp-Ta(J)aKKyp 
Khjihui ynyH xaM 6npoH ypim KyiiMaAHJiap. Yjiap K^yptOH xa^HAa: 
"A3Focy ax,jiaM", atHH, MyxaMMaA Bax,HH p,e6 AatBO KHjiaerraH 
cy3Jiap, 6y "ajiOK-najiOK TymjiapAHp", MyxaMMaA yHH Kenacn 
TyuiHAa xypaAH, cyHr KyHfly3H yjiapHH OAaMjiapra y^nG, TmiOBaT 
k;iijih6 6epaAH, - AeiiimiapAH. Ba JiHa: 

(5) "iL-^tj 5j& aJ£ JUS ^ l^ssTl ^J0l jjfclil IjJllj .Ijjjj 

4. l\'o(|)ii|) SyjiraH KHMcajiap: "By (KyptOH) (|)aKaT (MyxaMMaA) 
y3H TyKuS ojiraH 6np ejiFOHflnp. YHra 6y (cjifohhh TyKiiiiiAa) 
6ouii<a 6np Kaeivi (aiipiiM ax,jiH KirroGjiap) epaaivi KHjiraH" ae6 
Ky<j)p KejiTHpflHjiap Ba 6yx,TOH Kn.izui.iap. 

5. JlHa yjiap: "(By) aBBajinijiap/iaH KOJiraH a(|)C0Ha.iap;inp. 
(MyxaMMaA), yjiapHH KyHHpnS ojiraH. Bac (6y a(J)COHajiap 
6npoBjiap TOMOHHAaH) yHra 3pTaio Ken yKH6 Sepmiyp", Aeamiap. 

(Oypi<;oH:4,5). 

Bai.3aHyjiap: 

- Myx,aMMaAHHHr 6np >khh qku mairroHAaH mepurii 6op. XyAAH 
(J)OJi6HHjiapra >KHHjiap eKH mairroHjiap xa6ap ojih6 Kejirami 
CHHrapn, yHra xaM yma Hac|)apii xa6ap ojih6 Kejm6 TypaAH,- 
AeHHinapAH. yjiapHHHr 6y ranjiapiira pajman k;hjih6 Ajijiox, Taono 
KyiiHAarH oflTjiapHH ho3hji k;hjiah: 

(223) 6jjiis" 

221. (3h MyxaMMaA, afiTHHr): "MeH ciojiapra acimjiap 
KHMjiapra TyumuiH xaiama xa6ap SepaiiMH? 

222. Yjiap Sapna ryHOxra SoiraH TOBjiaManmiapra TyumS, 

223. 3uihth6 ojiraHjiapHHH yjiapra Tamjiapjiap. YjiapHHHr 
(acHHjiapHHHr) Kynjiapn ejiFOHHHjiapAHp". 

(IHyapo: 221-223) 
Ajijiox, Taono 6y OJmiapAa y3 Pocyjiura ypraraG, uiaiiTOHy 

jKHHjiap ejiFOHHii, (j)05Kiip, ryHOXJiapra KyMHjin6 KeTraH HHCOHjiapra 

TyiHiiiHjiiiriiHH yjiapra airriimiiHii 6yK>pn6: 

- Cii3Jiap MeHHHr 6npoH MapTa xaM enroH raimpraHiiMHH 

6njiMaiicii3Jiap Ba MeHAaH xen 6np (Jjochkjihk ajiOMaTiiHii xaM 

122 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

KypMaraHCH3Jiap-Ky, KaHAaii khjihG 6y J^yptOHHH iHairroHjiap 
TOMOHHAaH TyuiHpHjiraH Hapca AeHcrojiap?- AeG airrHiiiHHH 
GyropMOKAa. 

roxp ynap IlaHFaMGap ajiaiixHccajiOM xaiqiapHAa: 
- Yhh GnpoH 5khh najinG KeTraH, xaennra xap xhji rannap KenaAH. 
KeiiHH yiiia rannapHH xyAAH uiOHpjiap inei>pHHH K;c>4)H5ira 
conraHHAeK, y xaM hhpohjih KO(J)Hajiapra TepnG-cojiHG OAaMjiapra 
y^nG GepaAH. YHHHr y3H Gnp uionp, yKHerraHjiapH sea inetpAHp,- 
AeHHinap 3ah. Ajijiox, cyGxaHaxy Ba Taono ynapra paA acaBoG 
k;hjih6, inyHAaii achah: 

$% (225) £>&,£ aij $J tffi j3 jtfi (224) 6jjuii ^4i4i 'j-ijiilij 
(226) Oji«ij V u OjJ^j 

224. LUoiipjiapra fiyjiaaH 03raHjiap 3prauiyp. 

225-226. YjiapHHHr (cy3 BOAHiuiapHAaH) x,ap BoaiiHAa 
AailAiiuifiapiiHii (atHH y3JiapHra eiQiG KOJiraH 3Hr TyGaH KHMca e 
HapcanapHH xaM xyxxa KyrapnG, eicrHpMaraHjiapHHH Tynpoiwa 
KopHuinapHHH) Ba y3Jiapn Kii.rnviaiiAHraH Hapcajiapmi 
aiiTiim.iapiiHii KypMaAHHrH3MH?! 

(Elyapo: 224-226) 

IIIoHpnapAa GynaAHraH MaHa my yn xHCJiaraHHr GnpoHTacH xaM 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajuioxy ajiafixH Ba camiaMAa TonnnMaHAH. y 
KHmnra spramraHjiap aca, y3 iiyjijiapHHH Tyrpn TonraH TaKBOJiH, 
cojihx, KHmnjiap GyjraG, yjiapHHHr Ha AHtuiapHAa, Ha xyjiigiapHAa, 
Ha aManjiapHAa Ba Ha Tacappy(J)OTjiapHAa KaMHHjiHKjiapH Gop. 
ynapHHHr xen Gnp matHjiapnAa 3ajiojiaTAaH acap xaM ny^. 
IlaHFaMGap ajiaiixHccajiOM monpnap icaGn cy3 BOAHHjiapHAa ashahG 
ropMaiiAHjiap. iltHH moHpnapra yxmaG y3JiapHra ei^aH, KepaicjiH 
OAaM eKH HapcanapHH Kyicjiapra KyTapnG, eKMaraH, KepaKCH3 OAaM 
eKH HapcanapHH TynpoKKa KopHMaiiAHjiap. BajiKH, ejiFH3 Ajuioxra, 
Gnp AHHra, Gnp nyjira HopjiaHAHjiap. K^HjiMaiiAHraH huihhh 
rannpiviaHAHjiap. rannpraHjiapHra aMan KHjiaAHJiap. Illetp Ba 
inonp icaHAa-K), IlaHFaMGap ajiaiixHccajiOM ^aiiAajiap? ! 

KcxJmpjiapHHHr IlaHFaMGap ajianxHccajiOMra, HcnoMra Ba 
IsyptOHra KapiiiH rannpraH rannapHra Ajijiox, KOHHK;apjiH Ba kcckhh 
»caBo6 GepnG Kyjip sah. yjiap TapKaTaeTraH yiiAHpMajiapHHHHr 
axcapn TaBx,HAra, MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOMHHHr pncojiaTjiapHra, 

123 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

ynraHjiapHHHr ^aiiTa thphjihihh Ba KHeMaT KyHHAa ynapHH 
>KaMjiaHHuiHra GynraH ai^HAara ^apiim 6yjiapAH. J^yp-bOH ynapHHHr 
TaBx,HAra HHcGaTaH GyjiraH yiiAHpMajiapHHHHr Gapnacnra 
eTapjinrHAaH 3neAa khjih6, 6y MacanajiapHH xap TOMOHjiaMa 
epnTH6-H30x,jia6 paA acaBoGnHH GepnG, ynapHHHr ojiHxajiapn xen 
Hapcara koahp SMacjinrHHH 6aeH k;hjih6 GepraH. 3xthmoji, 
ojiHxajiapnra Hnc6aTaH airrajiraH TaHKHAJiap Fa3a6jiapHHH 
KenTHpnG ynapHH MaHa uiy Kyfira cojiraHAHp Ba 6y AatBaTHH hhkop 
STHiujiapHra ca6a6 6ynraHAHp. Ynap MyxaMMaA 

ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr pocTryn, OMOHaTAop, hihohhjih, FOJiTAa 
cajioxHjrrjiH Ba napx,e3Kop OAaMjiHrHHH TaH ojiaTypnG, y khihhhh 
Ajijioxhhhf pocyjiH-ajiHHCH SKaHjiHrnra KapuiH yiiAHpMajiap 
TapKaTHuinapHra ca6a6, ynapHHHr aKHAajiapnra Kypa, 
naHFaM6apjiHK Ba pncojiaT acy^a 6yK)K 6np hui GyjinG, y hhcohhht 
TOH(J)acHAaH GyjiraH oaahh 6np KHiimra 6epHjiMaiiAH. Hhcoh 3jihh, 
3jihh hhcoh GyjiMaiiAH. IIIyHHHr ynyH xaM acaHoGn Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM y3jiapn Ajijioxhhhf pocyjiH-sjiHHCH 
3KaHHHH 31.JIOH k;hjih6, ynapHH 6yHra hhmoh KejiTHpnuira 
HaKHpraHjiapHAa xaiipoH 6yjra6 KOJiAHjiap Ba: 

(7) %$ 
7-. flua yjiap (Macxapa k;hjihiiih6): "Hera 6y nanraiviSap (oaahh 
OAaMjiapAeK) TaoM ep Ba 6o3opjiapaa iopap?! Yiira 
(naHFaMGapjiHrHHH TacAHiqiaHAHraH) 6npoH (|);)|)iilijt:i 

TyinnpHjinS, y 6miaH 6npra KypKHiryBHH Syjica 3-ah. 

(OypKOH: 7) 

ilHaynap: 
- MyxaMMaA oaahh 6np hhcoh Gyjica, 

91.(iIxyAHHjiap): "Ajijiox, Sauiapra x,en Hapca ho3hji KiinraH 
3Mac", aeraH naiiTjiapiiAa, 

Ajijiox, Taono ynapra acaBoGaH aiiTAH: 



124 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

I^jjAIj j^wJsljJJ <UjJl*^tj j^\ c£J-&j V\}J ls**>j* *-! i-^r i£^\ Cj\s>j\ Jjj( Si 'As 

(91) 

AiiTHHr: "OflaMjiap ynyH Hyp Ba xhaoht SyjiraH xojinaa Myco 
KejiTHpraH, einjiap aa<|)Tap khjihS ojihS (afipHM ojrrjiapHH) 
KypcaTnS, (Myx,aMMaA naHraiviGap x,aKHAarn) Kyn (ojrr)jiapHHH 
3ca aiiiiipii6 ropaflHraH ea (yHAarn ojrrjiapAa) Ha y3JiapnHrH3 Ba 
Ha OTa-6o6ojiapHHrH3 SnjiraH Hapca.nap 6aeH 3THjiraH kiitoShii 
(TaBpOTHH) KHM H03HJI KHJiraH 3flH?! Ajijiox", ae6 »caBo6 
KHjiHHr. CyHrpa yjiapHH y3Jiapn myHFHraH HOTyrpn 
nyjijiapHfla aaauiraH xojijiapnfla TapK 3THHr! 

(Ahi,om:91) 

fl,apx,aKHK;aT ynap MycoHH oaahh hhcoh 6yjiraHiiHH Giuiap Ba yHH 
3-bTHpo(J) 3Tap SAHJiap. BouiKa 6np oaT^a sea Ajijiox, yjiapra x,ap 
6np KaBM y3 naiiFaMGapjiapiiHii pucojiaTHHii iihkop 3th6 
KejiraHjiapuHH 6aeH k;hjiah. 

liojji S» *>j jiiJ *^*^ j^j^'j v»'juiJi ^15 dUi 4AJ1 ,Ji (i4^j cJis 

.IjtJ lIlTUP UjiL^t (1)1 jj»bi blia JJij j] l^jt (1)} Iall3 /c*--~° J»H ijj (t^^HS 

(10) ^ OlkLj UjMs ujuT 

10. naiiFaiwSapjiapii afiTAiuiap: "OcMOHjiap Ba EpHHHr 
npaTyBHHCH SyjiMHin Ajijiox,(HHHr Gopjinrn Ba GupjiHru) 
xycycH/ja maK-mySxa Syjinmn MyMKHHMH?! y 30T CH3JiapHHHr 
ryHOx,jiapHHrH3HH Mar^npaT kii.iiiuj Ba y3JiapHHrH3HH Matjiyivi 
MyflflaTraHa (x,ajiOK KHjiMaii) kouiipiiui ynyH (niiMOHra) aatBaT 
KHjiMOKfla-Ky!" Yjiap aeanjiap: "Cn3Jiap xaM xyaan y3HMH3ra 
yxuiaraH oaaivijiapcH3, t|)aK;aT oiiuiii OTa-6o6ojiapHMH3 nSoaaT 
Kii.1116 yTraH HapcaaaH (caHaMjiapra CHFHHHiimaH) 
TycMOKHHCH3Jiap, xojioc. Bac, (arap hhh naiiFaMGap 
6yjicaHrn3Jiap) 6n3ra aHHK 6np x,y5K5KaT-aajiHji KejiTHpHHrjiap- 

HH?!" 

iix si J* fa alii 50j p&lL, p^Jis^bi ^'j ^ cJifl 

aiUf S* 



125 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

11. IlaHFaMSapjiapH yjiapra aiiTflHjiap: "(X,a), 6h3 x,aM \yj\jxa 
CH3Jiapra yxuiaraH OAaivijiapiviin, jickhh Ajijiox Y3h xoxJiaraH 
SaHflajiapnra (naHFaMGapjiHic) hhi>om Kmiyp (H6po>^iM: 10, 11) 

IIaHFaM6apy pocyjinap iiHcomiapAaH GynaAH. PncojiaT 6njiaH 
Gamapmrr ypTacH^a x,en 6np HOMyBOcJmiqiHK iiy^Hp. Ynap 
H6pox,HM, Hcmobhji Ba Myco anaiixHccajiOMjiap x,aM naHFaM6ap, 
x,aM oaahh HHCOHjiap GyjiramiapiiHii 6njiap Ba 6yHn TaH onap 
3AHJiap. 3hah ynap ynyH 6y yiiAupMajiapii ycTH^a Max,KaM Typn6 
ojiHinra ypHH KOJiMaAH. 3hah ynap: 

- Ajijiox, Y3 pucojiaTu MacbyjimrriiHii lOKjiaui ynyH uiy 
eTiiM6aHHaAaH y3ra 6np OAaMHH TonMaAHMii? Ajijiox, MaKKa Ba 
Ton(J) axJiHHHHr yjryFjiapHHH 6np neTra KyiiiiG, uiy miickhhhh 
pocyji-ajiHH khjih6 ojiMaiiAH, - p,e% GouuiaAHjiap. 

(31) f-!aP jlsjjiil fc J£j Js- b\^\ \1* Jjj ^jl tjlllj 

31.5lHa yjiap: "By KyptOH iikkii KHinjiOK;(HiiHr 6npn)aaH 
SyjiraH yjiyr oaaivira ho3hji KiijiiiHraHima 3ah", aeaiuiap. 

(3yxpy4>: 31) 

HyX acno yHAaii 3Mac! itbHH naiiFaM6apjiHK Ba BaxHH AnjioxHiiHr 
paxMaTHAnp. 

t&i ty jU»f lilt ^ '^j q?J m & Jp J± &p ji ijfo Sit jtffei* iSij 

(124) OjjSUj (jilS"U) OjJ-i olJ^j aJJI Jc& jUi> !>*/!■' <3i^ S^s^* 1 ^l^j 

... Ajijiox, naiiFaM6apjiHK b;);ik|);hiihii «;aepra KyfininHH 
Hxuinpoiv SHjiryBHHflHp. JlKiiHfla SyHaaii HCHHOHTKopjiapra 
Kii.iiiS yTraH xnfiia-HaiipaHrjiapii caSaSjin Ajijiox xy3ypnaa 
xopjiHK Ba KaTTHK; a3o6 eTa^aKaiip. 

(Ahbom: 124) 
3hah ynap 6oiiiK;aHa rannapHH TapKaTHinra yTAmiap. 
- IlaiiFaMGapjiap pyne noAinoxJiapnAnp. Ynap y3 xoAHMjiapn, 
coKHHjiapH Ba atemiapn ypTacHAa xamaMaT 6njiaH K>paflnjiap. 
flyHeHHHr Typjiii ajiBOH HetMaTjiapHAaH c[)oiiAajiaHaAHJiap. Ynap 
ynyH xaMMa Hapca Myxaiie 6yjiaAH. MyxaMMaAHH HHMa #eca 
6yjiaAH?! Y3H py3rop TiipHKHHjmrH ynyH 6o3opjiapAa lopca Ba aiia 
AjuioxHHHr sjiHHCHMaH #e6 AatBO xaM KHjiaAH-a? ! 



126 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

*!} byip b\ Oj^KJah Jlij L4I; jii; iLs£ ii OjJj jf jif 4^1 (^lij jf (7) IjjJLi 

(8) (ji^^ ^4-j 

7-8. HHa yjiap (Macxapa khjihihhG): "Hera 6y nafiFaiviSap (oaahh 
OAaMjiapAex) TaoM ep Ba 6o3opjiapaa ropap?! YHra 

(naHFaM6apjiHrHHH TacAHigiaHAHraH) onpoH (jiapiiuiTa 
TyinnpHjinS, y 6miaH Supra KypKHTryBHH Syjica 3flH. Ekh yHra 
(ocMOHAaH) xa3HHa TauijiaHca (Ba y 6o3opjiapAa caBAO-coTHK 
GuriaH THpHKHHjiHK yTKa3Maii yma xa3HHaAaH cap(J) k;hjih6 ropca) 
3flH, exya yHHHr ynyH 6np Sory-SycTOH 6yjm6, y ((J)aK;aT yina 
GoFAaH) e6-HHca 3fln", aeamiap. By 30jihm Kiiivica.iap 
(MyMHHjiapra): "Ciojiap (|)aKaT 6np cexpjiaHraH - aKiaaH 03raH 
Kiiiii lira 3prauiMOKflacH3", aeamiap. 

(OypKOH: 7-8) 

Ajijiox, cy6xaHaxy Ba Taono Ma3Kyp oath GnjiaH ynapHHHr 6y 
yHAHpManapHra »caBo6 khjih6: 

- MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOM Ajijioxhhhf pocyjiH 6yjiH6, yHHHr 
Ba3H(J)acH Ajijioxhhhf pHconaTHHH 6apna HHCOHjiapra, KaTTaio- 
khhhk, KyHjiHry-3aH(J), MaHca6Aopy Genopa, 6010 KaMGaran, 030A 
HHCOHy Kyjuiapra 6a6-6apo6ap eTKa3HiimHp. Arap y noflinoxiiapra 
yxma6 xoAHMjiap, coKHHjiap Ba atennap ypTacH^a Kn6py xaBO, 
xamaMaTy Aa6Aa6anap GnnaH ropca, yHHHr ojiAHra 3an(J), 6enopa Ba 
rapn6 OAaMjiap 6opn6 yH^aH (|)OHAajiaHa ojiMaiiAHjiap. BaxonaHKH 
y Ganopanap GauiapnjiTHHHr KaiTa khcmhhh TauiKHji 3TaAH. YH^a 
pncojiaTAaH Ky3^a TyTHjiraH MacnaxaT Ba MaH(J)aaT aManra 
ouiMacnHrHHH MatJiyM k;hjiah. 

Ammo ynapHHHr yjiraHAaH cyHr Kairra thphjihuihh hhkop 
3THuijiapH, yjiap 6y ran^aH, jh>hh hhcoh yjiraHAaH cyHr KaHra 
THpHjiHiiiHAaH xaiipaTra TyuiAHjiap. HyHKH yjiap 6yHH aKJUiapHra 
CHFAnpa onMaAHJiap. Yjiap Ajijiox, 6n3ra xa6ap KHjiraHHAeic, MaHa 
uiyHAaii AepAHJiap: 

(17) OjJj'^i ujutji (16) 6jlj*iil &f tfi%j d*jJ ilsj £U \jj\ 

16. Bn3.iap yjinS TynpoK; ea cynioiapra aii.iaHn6 KeTraH 

HOFHMH3fla pOCT/jaH X,aM HHa KaHTa THpHJiryBHH 3KaHMH3MH?! 



127 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.u ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

17. ABBaji yrnS KerraH OTa-6o6ojiapHMH3 xaM-a?!" 

(CofJxJioT: 16-17) 

Ba JiHa: 

Lm i^-j diii fy'Ji £t$ UjU \Jo\ 

Bn3Jiap yjinS, TynpoK 6yjin6 KOJiraH BaKTiiMinaa (?iHa xaeTra 

KaHTapHjiaMH3MH?!). By acyaa y30K (aiqi 6oBap KHjiMaiiAHraH) 
KaiiTHinflHp!" 

Yjiap 6y TyuiyHHaHH aigijiapura CHFAupa ojiMafi, a>Ka6jiaHH6 airrap 
3AHjiap. 

(8) JL*Ji J*A^aJ(j Oli*!l 

7-8. Kd(|)ii|> SyjiraH KHivica.iap 3ca: "Ciojiapra 
(K;a6pjiapHHrH3Aa Hnpn6) ththjihS 6yjiaK-6yjiaK 6yjin6 KeTraH 
Bai<THHrH3fla inaK-uiy6xacH3 nna jmnrraaH npaTHjiypcH3Jiap, 
ae6 xa6ap SepaanraH 6np kiiuiiihii KypcaTaiijiHKMH? y Ajijiox, 
uiai>Hiira Sjifoh TyKuS ojiahmh Skh hchhhh 6yjm6 kojiahmh?" - 
aeflHjiap. HyK, (MyxaMMaA anaHXHC-canoM enroH TyicnG onraHH 
xaM, 5KHHHH GynuG ^onraHH xaM nyX 6ajiKH) oxHpaira 
uniOHMaiiaiiraH KHivica.iapHiiHr y3Jiapn a3o6fla Ba (xa^ iiyji^aH 
hhpok;) 3ajiojiaTflaflHpjiap. 

(Ca6at: 7-8) 
flyHeAa acopnH GynaAHraH nmjiapHH ynapra aHrnaTuG, aigiHH 
TacaBBypnapHHH pa# khjiah. 3ojihm y3 3yjiMnra apauia 5Ka30JiaHMaH 
yjia^H. Ma3JiyM neKicaH 3yjiMH ynyH yHra 3yjiM KHjiraH 30JiHMAaH 
yn onojiMaH yjia^H. Hhpohjih aMannap KHjiyBHH cojihx, HHCOHjiap 
KHjiraH 33ryjiHKjiapHHH rauiTHHH cypMafi, caMapacHHH KypMafi 

Ba(J)OT 3TaAH. OOJKHp, JKHHOJITKOp KHMCa y3 ^KHHOflTJiapHHH 

aca30CHHH ojiMafi yjia^H. Arap ynraHAaH cyHr Kama thphjihih Ba 
oxnpaT xaera GyjiMaca, MyKO(J)OTy aca30 GyjiMaca, xap hkkh TOH(J)a 
BaKHjinapH (jdcihhio eMOH) 6apo6ap GynaAH. EajiKH, 30jihm Ba 
(j)05KHpjiap Ma3JiyM Ba jixiiih HHCOHjiapAaH Kypa GaxT-caoAaTjinpoK; 
GynuG KOJiaBepaAH. By xpnaT MyTjiOKO MatKyn hiii 3Mac. Ajuiox,AaH 
GyHAafi aAOJiaTCH3 hicom, jtbhh Y3H apaTraH MaxjiyKJiapHHHHr 



128 



HII30MH GyJIHIHH KyTHJIMaHAH, 6yHH TaCaBByp X,aM KHJIHHMaHAH. 

Ajijiox, Taono airrraHHAeK: 

(36) by&sxi J>&p£S u (35) frj>J?&'& faduiis y>k>& 

35. Axnp, Bh3 MycyjiMOHjiapHH jkhhojitmh-ko(J)iip KHMcajiapra 
6apo6ap KHJiypMH3MH?! 

36. (3h MyuipHKjiap), CH3Jiapra HHMa SyjiflH? KaHaafi xyKM 
HHKapM0KflacH3Jiap? 

(K;ajiaM:35-36) 

Ba 5iHa aiiTAH: 
5-&UJt Jjk^s M j^j^i yi ^j jlJLj] \t cj &J CaJ I *jJU*j iji»t jjjJi Jjc>tj M 

(28) ^iitf" 

28. Ba.iKii Bin hhmoh Ke.iTiipraH Ba hxuih aivia.i.iap Kii.iraH 
30TjiapHH epaa 6y3ryHHHjiHK khjiiiS ropraH Kiiivica.iap Ka6ii 

KIlJIll6 KyH)pMH3MH?! EajIKH Bh3 TaKBOflOp 30TJiapHH <J)HCK;y- 

(Jjyacyp khjiii6 ropraH KHMcajiap Ka6n khjihS KyH)pMH3MH?! 

(HyK;! Acjio yHAOK GyjiMac!) 

(Coa:28) 

21. BajiKH eiviOH.iiiK - ryHOXJiap Kac6 3iraH Kinvica.nap, Bh3 
yjiapHH x,aM hhmoh Ke.iTiipraH Ba hxuih aivia.i.iap KHJiraH 
30Tjiap Ka6n KHJiHiHHMH3HH Ba xaerjiapn xaM, MaMOTjiapn xaM 

(atHH AynenapH xaM, oxupaTjiapii xaM MyMHHjiap 6njiaii) 6apo6ap 
oyjniuiiiHii yiijiaraHflHpjiap?! Hai<aaap 6moh (Horyrpii) xyKM 
KHjiypjiap-a? 

()KocHa:21) 
Ammo yjiapHHHr aKJUiapura CHFAHpa ojiMacjinrnra acaBo6aH 
Ajijiox, airrAii: 

(27) lAiij iuUi »t ilU i&t ^i! 

27. (3h MyuipiiKjiap), CH3JiapHH npariiiii KiniiiripoivrMii Skh 

ocmohhhmh?! (iltHH 6yTyH ep KyppacuHiiHr aTpo(J)iiHH y3ra 
caiiepajiapAaH 6npoH 3neH eTMacjinrn ynyii tom - ocmoh 6njiaH 
Konjia6 Kyiiiiuira koahp GyjiraH 30T ynyH cn3JiapHii apaTnui eKH 
KaiiTa TiipiijiTupiiui xen ran 3Mac-icy ! ). (Ajijiox,) yHH 6hho khji^h. 

129 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

(BaH-H03H0T: 27) 

Ba 5iHa airraAH: 

(33) y& i/J> ft J* & Jl J}d\ 

33. Axnp yjiap (oxapaT^a KafiTa Tiipujiniii x,slk, SKaHHHH hhkop 
KHjiryBHH KHMcanap) ocMOHjiap Ba epHH npaTraH, yjiapHH 
npaTHinra ohciojihk kii.tiio KOJiMaraH 30T - Ajijiox, yjiHKjiapHH 
THpmiTHpHiiira x,aM KOfliip 3KaHjinrHHH (yfijiaG) 
KypiviaflHjiapMH?! HyK, ajiSarra (Ajijiox, yjiHKjiapHH 
TiipiuiTiipnuira x,aM koahpahp). 3epo, Y 30T 6apna Hapcara 

(Awo(J):33) 

(62) 5jjsii ^jii j$i\ sLiuJi (UUp jiij 

62. flapBOKe, CH3Jiap aacTjiaSKH nafmo 6yjiHinjiapHHrii3 
(KaHAaii 6yjiraHn)HH Smiflimrjiap-Ky! Bac, 3CJiaTMa-H6paT 

OJIMaHCH3JiapMH? ! 

(Bo^eta: 62) 

Ajijiox, Taono OAaT^a xaM a^naii xaM 6np HapcaHii aBBan GouiAa 
apaTHuiAaH xypa, yHH K;airra acaui-apaTHui ocohpok 3KaHHHii 6aeH 
k;iijih6 6epAH. 

27. y aBBaji Souma Y3H npaTn6, cyHrpa (K;neMaT KyHHAa) Y3H 
HHa KaiiTa HpaTaanraH 30Tflnp. (K;airra apaTHin - TiipiijiTiipnui) Y 

30Tra acyaa ocoHflHp. 

(PyM:27) 

uT UJ £J£ (OPj a,L*J Jji?- Jji UIOj US'^JxlJ ^ti~l( ^aS'iUiJl i£jiaj ajj 

(104) ^ 

104. y KyHfla Bii3 ocmohhm *aM xyflflw MaKTy6 e3miraH 
cax,ncpaHM yparaH ahi-jimf ypa6, 6mpmhhm MapTa KaHAati 
flpairaH 6yjicaK, (ywa xpnra) KaMTapypMM3. (By) Bn3HMHr 
3MMMaMM3flarn BatflaflMp. Aji6aiTa Bm3 (ujyHflai/i) 
KnnryBHMflnpMM3. 

(AH6ne: 104) 



130 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

(15) JbJ£ ji£ & j4 J j** ip, JJ^Ji ti^J^. i^if 

15. Axnp Bh3 aeBajirn npaTHiura (jh>hh fiyKAaH 6op KHjinmra) 
0>KiB.miK KHjiflHKMH? HyK, (o5kh3jihk KHjiMaAHK, AeMaic Tynpoiwa 
afijiaHraH acacaAJiapra Kairra >koh aTO 3Tnmra x,aM cokicjihk 
KHjiMaHMH3), yjiap 3ca mini npa.iiiiiii;iH (jh>hh Kama 
THpHjiHuiAaH) uiaK-uiy6x,a/ia/iHpjiap. 

<Kp4»: 15) 
HlyHAaii khjih6,Ajijiox, cy6x,aHax,y Ba Taono y3HHHHr puconaT 
AatBaTHra KapiiiH MympuKjiap Ty^HraH yHAHpMajiapura x,ap 6np 
aigin Ba OHrn 6op KHMcaHH KaHoaTjiaHTHpaAHraH AapaacaAa paA 
»caBo6HHH 6epn6 KenAH, jickhh MaKKa MympuKjiapH Kynon, 
OHrcH3, MyTaKa66np KHMcanap GynuG, (J)aK;aT ep K>3um 3ypaBOHjinic 
Ba x,ajiK;jiapra y3 cy3JiapHHH yTKa3HiiiHH HCTap 3AHJiap. HlyHHHr 
ynyH xaM yjiap y3 3ajiojiaT Ba TyreHjiapnAa ToGopa HHKapujiaraH 
x,ojuiapHAa KOJiAHjiap. 

3. OflaivinapHM KyptOHra KynoK conniiiflaH TycMiu Ba ynv\ 
aBBanrMJiapHMHr acpcoHanapn .qePii/iw 6nnaH ai,Ti/ipo3 
6nnflMpMiunapM 

MyuipHKjiap inyHHa yHAHpManapHH TyKHraHjiapn eTMaraHHAeic, 
yH^aH TauiKapH OAaivuiapHH K^yptOHra Ba Hcjiom AatBarara KyjiOK 
cojiHuiAaH TycHuiHH x,aM HCTap 3AHJiap. ByH^a yjiap MyMKHH KaAap 
6apna ycnyGjiapHH KyjinapAHJiap. Pocyjryjuiox, cajijiajuioxy ajiafixH 
Ba canjiaMHH AatBaT ynyH x,03HpnaHaeTraHHHH Kypumca, acaMoaT 
>KOHjiapHAarH OAaivuiapHH Ky3FaTn6, TynonoH KyrapuG, Kyfi-KyiHHK 
Ba yHHH-paKCJiapHH GouinaG foGopumap bah. HaM03 yKnerraH eicH 
THjiOBaT KHjiaeTraHjiapHHH Kypcanap x,aM xyAAH my KHjimgiapHHH 
KHjiHinap 3AHJiap. Ajijiox, Taono ynapHHHr 6y Hmjiapn xai^HAa 
uiyHAaii achah: 

(26) OjiA^i isu*J aJ* ijAJij otjlh (igJ tjiiii i \3*J£j>&\ Jilj 

26. Ko(|)iip SyjiraH Kiiivica.iap (Gup-GHpnapHra "MyxaMMaa 
THjiOBaT KHjiaeTraH BaKTAa) CH3Jiap 6y Kyptoiira KyjioK 
cojiMaHrjiap ea (yHH y3rajiapra x,aM suiHTTHpMacjiHK ynyH 
OFH3JiapHHrH3ra xenraH rantm) >KaBpaiiBepiiHr.iap (uiyHAa) iiioha 
fojihS 6yjicaHrH3Jiap", Aeamiap. 

(OyccHJiaT: 26) 



131 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±^[jj^±jjl 

X,aTro Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM OAaMjiap 
TynnaHaAHraH aconjiapAa Ba ynapHHHr MaacjiHcrox,jiapHAa ynapra 
K^yptOH THjiOBaT khjihih Ba AatBaT KHjinmra hmkohhht Tona ojiMan 
KOJiAHJiap. Ammo naHFaMGapjiHKHHHr 5- hhjih oxHpnapHra KennG, 
TacoAH(J)aH 6yHra MyBa(J)(J)aK; GyjinG KOJiAHJiap. By ca(J)ap ynap 
Myx,aMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr J^yptOH THjiOBaTHHH Gomjiam 
MaKcaAJiapHHH ce3Mafi K,ojiraHAHjiap. 

Kypanm K;a6njiacH maHTOHjiapHAaH Gnpn GynraH Ha3p h6h 
X,opnc hcmjih MyuipHK X,HHpara 6opn6, y ep#a (J)opcjiapHHHr 
noAinox,jiapH xaKHAarn KHCcanap, PycTaMH ,3,octoh Ba Hc(J)aHAHep 
AOCTOHjiapHHH ypraHHG xenAH. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
canjiaM 6np Ma>KjiHcrox,Aa yrapnG OAaMjiapHH Ajinoxra AatBaT 
khjihG, ynapHH AjuioxHHHr HHTHK,OMHAaH orox,naHTHpap SAHJiap. Y 
khihh Typn6 KeTraHjiapHAaH Ke&iH Ha3p h6h X,opnc OAaMjiapra: 

- 3h JsypaHinjiHKjiap, Ajinoxra K,acaMKH MeH yH^aH Kypa cy3aMOJi 
Ba cyxaHryiipoKMaH, - p,ep,u Ba ynapra Oopc noAinox,jiapH, 
Hc(J)aHAHep Ba PycraMH ,ZI,ocTOHAaH cy3JiaH GomnaAH. 

(H6h Xhhiom: 1/300-308) 
H6h A66ocAaH KHjiHHraH pHB05rrra Kypa: 

Ha3p h6h X,opnc 6np paKK,oca KaHroaK coth6 ojih6, GnpoH 
KHiiiHHHHr HcnoMra khpmokhh 3KaHHHH xaGapHHH 3ihhth6 K,ojica, 
yHH yma KaHH3arHHH onAHra ojih6 GopnG, KaHroarHra: 

- MaHa 6y OAaMra TaoM xenTHp, yHra mapo6 xaM Ky&iG 6ep. 
KefiHH 6np KynjiaG, yfiHa6 xaM 6ep,- #e6 airrap Ba xannrH OAaMra: 

- MaHa 6y HiiipaT MyxaMMaA ceHH AatBaT KHjiaerraH HapcaAaH 
xypa flxmnpoKAHp, - Aep 3-ah. Yuia Ha3p xaKH^a Ajijiox, MaHa 6y 

05ITHH H03HJI KHJIAH. 

6. Oaaivuiap opaciiaa uiyHflaii KHMcajiap xaM 6opKH, yjiap 
6hjihmch3jihk 6iuiaH (y3rajiapHH) AjuioxHHHr iiyjiHaaH (BAiipiiin 
ynyH Ba y (nyjiHH) iviacxapa khjihih ynyH Sexyaa cy3(jiap)HH 

cothS ojiyp. AHa yuiajiap ynyH xop KHJiryBHH a3o6 Sopanp. 

(JlyKMOH: 6) (/fyppyn MaHcyp, JlyKMOH cypacn Ta(JDCHpH:5/307) 



132 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Eoci/im Ba Ta3MMKnap 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 4-hhjih GomjiapHAa K)3ara HHKKaH Ba acra-ceKHH 
Tapi<;ajiH6 GopaeTraH AatBaTHHHr HypHHH yHHpHiii ynyH 
MyuipHKjiap K)K;opHAa 6h3 THjira onraH ycjiyGjiapHHHr GapnacHHH 
GnpHH-KeTHH KyjuiaG, Hiiira cojihG KejiAHJiap. OpaAaH 6np Hena 
x,a<J)Ta, OHjiap yTAH. MympHKjiap AatBaTra KapiiiH yma ycjiy6jiap 
GnjiaH KH(J)oajiaHH6 KOJiAHjiap. JleKHH ynap 6y ycjiy6jiapHH c[)OHAa 
GepMaraHH Ba Hcjiom AatBaTH Hyjinra TycHK 6yjia ojiMaraHHHH 
KypHinran, y3apo JiHa 6np xeHraui yTKa3AHJiap. Ynap 6y KeHrauiAa 
MycyjiMOHjiapHH AHHjiapHAaH K,aHrapHiii ynyH Ta3HHK Ba a3o6jiam 
HyjiHHH TyTHinra K,apop KHjiAHjiap. X,ap 6np K,a6Hjia Goiiijihfh y3 
KaGHjiacHAarH Hcjiom AatBaTHHH K,a6yji KHjiraHjiapHH a3o6jiaH 
GouiJiaAH. X,ap 6np xp^a-KyjiAop y3 KyjuiapH opacHAa khm hhmoh 
HyjiHHH TaHjiaraH Gyjica, yHra 6apna HyjuiapHH Gepiarra GomjiaAH. 
Ta6HHHAHpKH, MaHcaGAop, Ka30-Ka30JiapHH opTHAaH nonnG 
K)paAHraH jiaraHGapAop K>rypAaKjiap x,oacajiapHHH po3H khjihih 
ynyH xapaxaT khjihG, MycyjiMOHjiapra, xoccaTaH 3aH(J)- 
Genopajiapra K,apiiiH (J)HCK;y-4)y>Kypjiap KHjiAHjiap. Ynap coahp 
3TraH aca6py-3yjiMjiapHH smHrraH OAaMHHHr GaAaHjiapn cecKamiG, 
KajiGjiapH THTpaG KeTaAH. 

A6y 5Kax,ji arap GnpoH uiapa(J)jiH, o6py-H33aTjiH OAaMHH 
HcnoMra KHpraHHHH 3ihhth6 KOJica, ymi orox,jiaHTHpap, 
orox,jiaHTHpHin GnjiaH K,aHTMaca, mapMaHAacHHH HHKapnG, yHHHr 
MOJinra Ba oGpycnra acy^a Karra MHKAopAa (JDyryp eTHiiiHHH airraG, 
nynnca KHjiap sah. Arap 6y khihh 3aH(J)jiapAaH Gyjica, yHH ypap Ba 
AHHHAaH KaHTHuinra MaacGypjiapAH. Ycmoh h6h A(J)(J)OHHHHr 
aMaKHCH yHH xypMO GapraapHAaH TyKHjiraH 6ynpara ypa6 6orjiap 
Ba ocTHAaH yHra TyryH K)6opap sah. 

MyctaG h6h YMaHpHHHr OHacn yHH HcnoMra KHpraHHHH ce3n6 
KOJiraHHAaH xeHHH, yHH eHHiii-HHHiiiAaH MaxpyM khjihG KyHAH Ba 
yiiHAaH x,anAa6 cojiah. MyctaG h6h YManp GaAaBjiaT onjiaAaH sah. 
JleKHH y y3 TaHjiaraH nyjiHAaH K,aHTMaAH. YHHHr Tepncn xyAAH 
HjiOHHHHr nycTHra yxmaG FyAHpniii GyjinG xeTAH. 

(Ycy/iyji ro6a: 4/406) 

CyxaiiG h6h Chhoh PyMHii uiyHAan a3o6jiaHap sahkh, xaTro 
xoTHpacH HyicojinG, y3HHH HHMa AeaeTraHHHH GHjiMacjiHK 
Aapaacacnra eTapAH. 

133 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

(Hco6a: 4/255, H6h Cat/i: 3/248) 
yMafia ii6h XanatJ) 5KyMaxHiiHiiHr Kyjiii GyjiraH Bhjioji 
Xa6auiHHHH GyiiHHra apKOH cojihG, yHH Gonajiap Kyjrara Gepap sah. 
Bonajiap yHH apKOHHAaH topth6 MaKicaHHHr TOFjiapHrana ojih6 
6opap 3AHJiap. Apkoh yHHHr GyiiHHjiapHHH k;hhh6 K)6opap sah. 
Bhjioji sea TiiHMaii "Ax,aA, Axa#" 5tl>hh, "Ajijiox ejiFH3, ilKicaio- 
ilroHa Ajijiox,", #ep sah. By sea yMairaHiiHr Fa3a6iiHii jiHaAa 
acyuiTiipiiG K)6opap sah. CyHr y Biijiojihii caBajiaii KeTapAH. YHra 
OBK;aT GepMaii, oh Kyap, 603 ycTiira KyeiimHHr aca3iipaMa iicciiriiAa 
yTiipiiuira MaacGyp KiinapAH. ByHAaHAa AaxmaTjiiicii, yMaira yHii 
Kyein iicciiFii poca aBaciira HiiKKaH neuiiiH naiiTjiapiiAa MaKicaHHHr 
AauiTiira HiiK;apii6, najiKaHHaciira eTKH3ap, cyHr Kyeiima KH3HraH 
KaiTa xapcaHr toiiihh ojiAHpiiG xejiiiG, yHiiHr KyKparii ycTiira Kyap 
3AH-Aa: 

- Ajuioxra KacaMKii, to yjiryHiiHrna MaHa my xojiHHrAa eracaH 
exii MyxyMMaAHiiHr AHHiiAaH K,airracaH Ba JIoTy Y33ora chfhhhG, 
iiGoAaT KiinacaH, - p,epp,u. IHyHAa xaM Bhjioji: "Axa#, AxaA",- Aep 
Ba - "arap CH3JiapHHHr Fa3a6HHrH3HH jiHajiM oiimpaAHraH 6omK,a 
6npoH KajiiiMaHii 6njiraHiiMAa, yHii xaM airrraH GyjiapAHM", - 
AepAH. KyHjiapHiiHr Giipii^a A6y Eaicp Ciiaahk; yHiiHr eHiiAaH yTii6 
KOJiaAH. By nairr yjiap Biuiojira a3o6 GepaerraH SAiinap. IHyHAa 
A6y Eaicp Ciiaahk; Biijiojihii 6np icopa TaHjiH, em KyjiHHHr 3Ba3Hra 
eKH 7 eKH 5 yicHa KyMyiii 3Ba3Hra coth6 ojih6, yHH 030A khjih6 
K)6opaAH. (H6h Xhihom: 1/317-18) 

BaHy Max3yMjiHKjiapHHHr KyjiH GynraH Ammop h6h Ecnp OTacn 
Ba OHacH GnjiaH 6npra Hcjiomhh K,a6yji KHjiaAH. A6y )KaxJi 
GouiHHjiHrHAarH MyuipHKjiap ynapHH KyeiiiHHHr aca3HpaMa 
HCCHFHAa caxpora ojih6 hhkh6, a3o6jiap SAHJiap. KyHjiapHHHr 
Gnpn^a yjiap a3o6jiaHaerraH naiiTAa Pocynyjuiox cajuiajuioxy 
ajiaibcH Ba camiaM yjiapHHHr ojiAHAaH yTH6 K,ojiAHJiap-Aa? 

AJ^Il aSJC ja <j!i jut L J| \jius 

-"Ca6p Kjujiumnap 3ii Ecupuum ounacu, Hynuu cu3/iapea 
ewbda KfinuHzan uapca, McaHuamdup" - AeAHJiap. 

K^iihhok; a3o6n ocTiiAa Ecnp Ba(J)OT 3tah. YHAaH cyHr A6y )KaxJi 
AMMopHiiHr OHacii CyMaiiaHiiHr ojiAHra HaireaHH caHnaAH. Y xaM 
acoiiiiAa yjiaAH. CyMaira Hcjiom TapiixiiAarii maxHAa aejuiapHiiHr 
3Hr GiipiiHHiicii GynraH. y A6y Xy3aiic[)a ii6h Myriiiipa ii6h 

134 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

AGAyjmox, h6h Yiviap h6h Max3yMHHHr nypncH GyjinG, iceicca einjiH 
3aH(J)a aen sah. 

AMMopra a3o6HH jiHa^a KyHairrapAHjiap. Tox,o KyeiiiHHHr 
aca3HpaMa HCCHFHAa a3o6jiainca, roxo ymiHr KyicparHra K;H3HraH 
xapcaHr toiiihh 6octhph6 Kyap SAHJiap. roxo ymi cyBra nyKTHpnG, 
a3o6jiap 3AHjiap. YHra: 

- Bh3 ceHH tokh MyxaMMa^HH xaKopaT k;hjih6, cyKMaryHHHrHa 
a3o6jiaHBepaMH3, a3o6jiaiiBepaMH3. Ekh 6h3hhhf ojiHxajiapHMH3 
GyjiraH JIot Ba y330Jiap uiatHHra 6np jixihh ran aHTMaryHHHrna 
a3o6jiaHBepaMH3,- AeiiHiiiapAH. Ammop KarrHK; KHHHOiqiap ocrHAa, 
Maac6ypaH yiiia ranjiapHHHr hkkhhhhchhh THjinra ojiah. IIIyHAa 
ynap k;hhhok;hh 6ac k;hjih6, yHH KyMnG K>6opAHJiap. Ammop 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr ojiAHjiapnra 
HHFjiaG, y3p airraG kcjiah. Ajijiox, cy6xaHaxy Ba Taono yHHHr 
xaKrma MaHa 6y ojithh ho3hji k;hjiah: 

106. Khm Ajuioxra hhmoh KejiTHpraHflaH kchhh (?iHa KairraG) 
KO(])Hp Syjica (Ajuiox,HHHr Fa3a6nra Ay^op Gyjiyp). JleKHH khm 
KajiSn hhmoh 6njiaH opoM ojiraH x,ojiaa (Ky<j)p KajiHMacHHH 
aHTHinra) MaacSyp KHJiHHca, (yHHHr HHMOHHra 3neH eTMac). Ammo 
KHMHHHr KyHrjiH Ky^)p SnjiaH (jtbhh, AHH^aH hhk;h6, koc[)hp 
6yjiHui GnnaH) e3HjiaflnraH Syjica, Sac, yHflan KHMcajiapra 
Ajijiox, TOMOHHflaH ra3a6 Ba yjiyr a3o6 Sopanp. 

(Hajyi: 106) (H6hX,hhiom: 1/3 19-20, H6h Cat/I "Ta6aKOT": 3/248-49). 
A6y Oyxaiixa - hcmh A(J)jiax, A3A KaGnnacHAaH GyjinG, 
AGAyAAop KaGnjiacHAa Kyn 3ah. KyeiiiHHHr aca3npaMa HCCHFHAa 
hkkh oeFHAa TeMHp KHinaHjiap GnnaH caxpora HHK;apHuiH6, 
KHHHMjiapHHH ennG onap Ba y3HHH Kyein HCCHFHAaH KH3HraH epra 
KopHH GnnaH ctk;h3h6, KHMHpjiaMacjiHrH ynyH ycTHra KH3HraH 
KaiTa xapcaHr toiiihh 6octhph6 Kyap SAHjiap. y xyuiHAaH 
KeTiyHHra KaAap my KyiiHHa KOJiapAH. A6y Oyxaiixa 
XaGauiHCTOHra hkkhhhh ca(J)aprH x,H»cpaT KHjiranjiap GnnaH 6npra 
xnacpaTra Kerry mina my Tap3Aa a3o6jiaHHiiiAa AaBOM 3tah. 
KyHjiapHHHr Gnpn^a yHH oeiqiapHAaH apKOH 6njiaH 6oFjia6 poca 
cyApaG, TopTHmAHjiap. KeiiHH yHH KH3HraH epra erKH3HiiiH6, poca 

135 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

GyFAHjiap. X,apaKaTjiaHMaH KOJiran, yHH yjiAH p,e6 yHjniG, Tex 
KyiiAHJiap. Illy nairr A6y Eaicp Chaahk yraG k;ojih6 yHH coth6 
OJIAH-Aa, 030A khjihG K)6opAH. 

(Ycy/ryn ro6a: 1/591 -92, TajiKjixyn (jjyxyM: 60-6) 

Xa66o6 h6h ApaT YMMy Ahmop 6hhth Ch6ob Xy30i>HH5iHHHr 
KyjiH GyjinG, y TeMHpHHjiHK GnnaH myFyjuiaHap sah. Y Hcjiomhh 
Ka6yji KHjiraHHAaH cytir coxnGacn yHH yT GnnaH a3o6jiap sah. Y 
K;H3AHpHjiraH TeMnpHH ojih6 X,a66o6HH opKacHra Ba GouuiapHra 
6och6, Myx,aMMaA ajiaiixHccajiOMra Kocjmp GyjiHuiHHH Tana6 
KHjiapAH. By a3o6jiap Xa66o6HHHr hhmoh Ba hcjiomhhh jiHa^a 
3neAa KHJiap 3AH. YMMy AHMopra KyrnHjiHiiiHG 6ouiK;a MyuipHKjiap 
x,aM X,a66o6HH a3o6jiap SAHJiap. Yhh GyiiHHAaH 6yrn6 
TopTKHjiauiap 3ah. Bnp MapTa yHH eHaerraH yrra yjiOKTHpAHJiap-Aa, 
yHH yT ycTHra TopTAHJiap. Ythh xen khm ynnpiviaAH. XaTro yHHHr 
AyMGacHAarH erjiapn 3pn6 ok;h6 hhk;h6 yTHH ynnpnG xyiiRii. 

(Ycy/ryn ro6a: 1/591-92, TajiKjixyn (jjy^yM: 60-6) 

3yHHHHpa hcmjih pyMjiHK 6np nypn aen GyjinG, y Hcjiomhh K;a6yji 
KHjiraHH ynyH AjuioxHHHr iiyjiHAa KaiTHK; a3o6jiaHaAH. A3o6jiap 
acapaeHHAa yHHHr Ky3H Kyp GyjinG KOJiaAH. YHra: 

- Kyp^HHrMH, MaHa JIot Ba y~330 ceHHHr Ky3HHrHH Kyp khjih6 
KyiiAH?! - AeHHuiAH. Y sea: 

- HyKj Ajuioxra K,acaMKH, mchh JIoTy Y330 Kyp KHjiraHH iiyK;. By 
Ajuiox,AaH Gyji^H. Arap xox,jiaca, y3H ohh6 Ky^p,u- mmi. 3pTacn 
xyHH Ajijiox, yHHHr Ky3HHH ohh6 KyiiAH. JsypaHuijiHKjiap sea: 

By Myx,aMMaAHHHr cexpHHH 3ypjinrHAaH GyjiAH, - AeHHuiAH. 

(H6HCat/i,"Ta6aKOT": 8/256, H6HX,HinoM: 1/318) 
BaHy 3yxpa KaGnjiacHAaH GyjiraH AcBaA h6h AGAyarycHHHr 
nypncH YMMy Y6anc xaM Hcjiomhh K,a6yji khjiah. AcBaA 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr amaAAHH 
AyuiMaHjiapHAaH 6yjni6, y khuihhh Macxapa KiijryBHHjiapHHHr Gnpn 
3AH. MympHKjiap YMMy YGaiiCHH KaiTHK; a3o6jiap SAHJiap. 
XoccaTaH x,oacacH AcBaA yHH KaiTHK; a3o6jiapAH. 

BaHy A^HHAa YMap h6h MytaMMHjiHHHr nypiicn xaM Hcjiomhh 
K,a6yji khjiah. YMap h6h XaTroG yma naiiTAa xajin MycyjiMOH 
GyjiMaraH, MynipHK 3ah. Y xaM kcjihG, Genopa nypiiHH a3o6jiap sah. 
To hhkhjih6 KOJiryHnna ypap, hhkhjih6 KOJiran sea yHra K,apa6: 



136 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

- vKoHHHrAaH TyifflG, 6e3op 6yjin6, AHHiiHrAaH KairrMaryHHHrHa 
a3o6naHBepaMaH, - p,epp,n. YHra »caBo6aH KaHH3aic: 

- IlapBapAHropHHr ceHH x,aM myHAOK; khjichh! - jj,epp,u. Hcjiomhh 
KaGyji KHjiraHH ynyH a3o6jiaHraH HypnjiapAaH 5iHa Gnpn AGAyflflop 
KaGHjiacHAaH GyjiraH 6np 30AaroH aejiHHHr nypncH HaxAHJi Ba 
yHHHr k;h3h 6ynraH. 

Hcjiomh ca6a6 a3o6jiaHraH KyjuiapAaH 6npn Omiip h6h Oyxaiipa 
6yjin6, yHH xyiiiHAaH KeTn6, raimpaeTraH raiuiapiiHmiM 6njiMaii 
KOJiryHHHa a3o6jiap SAHJiap. HcjiOMjiapn ynyH a3o6jiaHraH yui6y 
Fapn6, x,en KHMcacH fiyic 6enopa Kyjiy-HypmiapHH 6apHacnHn A6y 
Eaicp Chaahk coth6 ojih6, Ajijiox pn30CH ynyH 030A KHjiraH 
3AHjiap. HlyHAa OTacn A6y Jsax,o(J)a yHra: 

- CeHH aohm 3an(J)-6eHopa KyjuiapHH coth6 ojih6, 030a 
KHjiaeTraHHHrHH KypaanMaH. HlyHHHr ypHHra 6ai<yBBaT 
nax,jiaBOHjiapHH coth6 ojih6 030a 3TcaHr-Ky, ynap ceHra 
x,HM05iHHJiap GynapAH, - p,ep,u. IHyHAa A6y Eaicp Chaahk;: 

- MeH Ajijiox, ph30Chhh x,ox,jiaiiMaH xojioc, - ReRu. IIIyHAa Ajijiox 
A6y Baxp Chaahkhh Maicra6 Ba y3 AyiiiMaHjiapHHH eMOHjia6, MaHa 
6y KyptOH 05rrjiapnHii ho3hji khjiah: 

(21) Jz>yi >J^Jj 

14. Bac, (3H HHCOHjiap), MeH ciBJiapmi jiOByjuiaS Shh6 TypraH 
ojiOBflaH - ay3axaaH oroxJiaHTHpflHM. 

15-16. YHra (|)aKaT (X,ai<;HH) Sjifoh aeraH ea (hhmoh- 
3tTHK;oAAaH) H)3 yrnpraii 6aa6axT KmvieaniHa Knpyp. 

17-18. Y3H nOKflOMOH 6yjIH6, MOJI-flaBJiaTHHH (aXUIHJIHK 

iiyjiiiAa) cap<|) KHJiaanraH TaKBOflop 30T y (Ay3ax)#aH iinpoK 

KHJIHHyp. 

19. y (TaKBOAop 30t) xy3ypnaa - 3HMMacHfla SnpoH KiiMcara 
KaiiTapHjiaflHraH HetiviaT iiyKflHp. (iltHH, y 6npoH KHMcaHHHr 
y3nra yTKa3n6 KyiiraH axuiHjiiirHHH Kairrapniii ynyH xaiip-caxoBaT 
KypcaTMaiiAH). 



137 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

20. y <J>aK;aT 3Hr ojihh 30t Syjuvmiii napBapaiiropiimiHr h)3hhh 

- pH30JinrHHH HCTaS (MOJi-AaBjiaTHHH capc[) KHjryp). 

21. Ba HKHHfla (IlapBapAHropH yHra aTO STaAHraH MyKO(J)OT - 
acaHHaT HetMaTjiapHAaH) po3H Syjiyp. 

(Aji-JIafiji: 14-21) 
14, 15, 16- ojmiapAa THjira ojiHHraH 6aA6axTAaH MypoA "Viviana 
h6h Xanacj) Ba yHra yxmaraH KHiHHjiap Ha3apAa TyTHjiraH. 17- 
oaTAaH to 21- oaTranaAa CHCJjaTjiaHraH "aTK,o", jitHH napxe3icop 
hhcoh AeHHjiraHAa, A6y Eaicp Chaahk Ha3apAa TyTHjiraHAHp. 
A6y Eaicp Chaahk po3H5uiJioxy aHxyHHHr y3H xaM 03op 
neKKaHjiapAaHAHp. HaB(J)aji h6h XyBanjiHA AAaBHH A6y Eaicp 
Chaahk GnnaH Tanxa h6h YGaHAyjiJiox, hkkhchhh 6np apKOHra 
6oFjia6 KyifflG, ynapHH HaM03AaH Ba AHHAaH MaHt KHjiapAH. Yjiap 
6yHra yHauiMac Ba 6y 03opjiapAaH TatCHpnaHMac SAHJiap. EajiKH 
apKOHAaH 6yuiauijiapH GnjiaH xap hkkhch HaM03JiapHHH yKHiiiap 
3AH. ByHAafi HiujiapHH KynHHHa TajixaHHHr aicacn Ycmoh h6h 
YGaHAyjiJiox, KHjiapAH, - AeHHjiraH. 

(Ycy/ryn ro6a: 468-6) 
Xynoca: MympHKjiap ^anomai 6np OAaMHH Hcjiomhh K,a6yji 
KHjiraHHHH sihhthG KOJiHinca, yHra Typnn 6ochm Ba Ta3HHiqiap 
KHjiHinapAH. By Huinap 3an(J), Genopa MycyjiMOHjiapra 5Ky^a ocoh 
KyjuiaHHjiapAH. XoccaTaH, xHMOflHHjiapH Ba Tapa(J)AopjiapH 
GyjiMaraH Kyji-nypHjiapra 6ochm yTica3H6, ynapHH a3o6jiam ocoh 
GynapAH. BajiKH xyacaHHHjiapHHHHr y3JiapH, K,a6Hjia GomjiHiqiapH 
ynapHH a3o6jiap Ba em HHrHTjiapHH ynapra Te3Jia6, rHac-rHaoiap 
SAHjiap. JleKHH o6py-3tTH6opjiH, y3 kbbmh opacHAa H33aT- 
3i.TH6opjiH KHuiHjiapra 6ochm yTKa3Hui acy^a khhhh xenapAH. 
ByHAafi MycyjiMOHjiapra yHna-MyHna OAaM acyptaT 3TOJiMac sah. 

JleKHH y3 K,aBMHHHHr CaHHHAJiapH yTa SXTHeTKOpjIHK GnnaH 

acyptaTjiaHnG ynapra rannpap 3 ah. 

MympMKJiapHMHr Pocyjiyjixio^ra HMc6aTaH TyTraH 

MaBKMCpM 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM bhk;op, MaTOHaT, 
x,an6aT Ba K;aTt>H5rr acnxaTHAaH hoahp uiaxc GynraHjiap. ByHAafi 
OAaMjiapHH AycTjiapn xaM AyuiMaHjiapH xaM sxthpomhhh aconnra 
KyaAHjiap. Cofjiom aKJi Ba xyp (Jmicpra sra 6ynraH HHCOHjiap 
6yHAan OAaMjiap GnnaH (J)aK;aT oao6 AonpacHAa MyoMana 



138 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KHjiaAHJiap Ba xap xhji hojiohhk; rannap Ba Ty6aH-pa3Hji KHjiHiqiap 
KHjiHinra acyptaT KHJiojiMaiiAH. OaKaTrHHa Ha y3HHH Ba Ha y3raHH 
KaApy-KHMMaTHHH, KHMjiHrHHH 6HJiMaiiAHraH ryMpox,, Geaiqi 
HHCOHjiaprHHa GyHAafi iiyjijiapra yTHiiiH MyMKHH. IIIyHAan 
GyncaAa, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM A6y 
TojihGhhhf x,HMoacHAa 3AHJiap. A6y TojihG Maxxa ax,jiHHHHr 
caHOKHH KHiiiHjiapHAaH 6yjni6, y3 KaGnnacHAa Ba 6ouiK;a OAaMjiap 
opacHAa xaM yjiyr MaKOM coxhGh sjxa. IIIyHHHr ynyH xaM yHHHr 
3HMMa (xhmo5i)chhh 6y3Hin, 5h>hh y xHMOflcnra onraH OAaMra 
TaacoBy3 khjihih Ba oGpycnra TaacoBy3 khjihih xap khm ynyH xaM 
ocoh xeHMac 3AH. 

ByHAafi x,onaT KypaiiiiijiHKjiapHH Kyn TauiBHinra conraH Ba yH^aH 
hhk;h6 KerHiiiHHHr fiyjiH Ba 6y fiyji^a OKHGaTH xyHyx GynaAHraH, 
6ouih 6epx xynara icnpnG KOJiMacjiHK ynyH ynapHH axuinjiaG 
yiijiaiii, (J)HKpjiauira MaacGyp KHJiapAH. By xpjiaT ynapra Karra 
TycHK;, KanKOH 6yjra6 TypraH A6y TojihG GnjiaH My30Kapa iiyjiHHH 
TyTHinra iiyjijiapAH. JleKHH 6y Gopa^a >khaah5it Ba xHKMaT GnjiaH 
hui TyTnG, HHpoHjiH Ba Max(J)HH Tax,AHA ycjiyGnapHAaH 
(J)OHAajiaHHui xepaKKH, A6y Tojih6 ynapHHHr ranjiapHHH 
3i.TH6opra ojih6, K;a6yji khjichh. 

KypaPiiiJHMHr A6y Tojin6ra 3Jinmiap kymmujh 

H6h Hcxpk pHBO^THra Kypa: K^ypaiiiiijiHKjiapHHHr 6np Hena 
yjiyr-yjiyr KHLUHjiapn hhfhjihihhG A6y TojihGhkhf ojiAHra 
KejiAHjiap-Aa: 

- 3h A6y TojihG, ceHHHr acnaHHHr 6n3HHHr 0JiHxajiapHMH3HH 
xaKopaT k;hjih6, ahhhmh3hh aii6jia6, AOHOJiapHMH3HH axMOK^a Ba 
OTa-6o6ojiapHMH3HH aAauiraHra HHK;apH6 k>ph6ah. CeH yHH 6y 
Hyji^aH thhh6, KairrapHG KyiirHH exn yHH 6n3ra KyiinG 6ep, 6h3 
y3HMH3 yHH thhh6 K;yaMH3. Axnp ceH y3HHr xaM xyAAH 6h3 
CHHrapn yHHHr iiyjiiira MyxojiH(J)caH-Ky? - AeAHJiap. 

A6y TojihG ynapHH acy^a nnpoiijiH ycjiyGfla, MyjioiiHM rannap Ba 
kdmuiok; MyoMana GnnaH Ky3aTAH. Ynap KairraG xeTAHjiap. 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM y3 iiyjiJiapHAa, 
Ajuiox,HHHr ahhhhh ennui Ba yHra AatBaT KHJiHiima AaBOM 
3TAHjiap. KypaiiiiijiHKjiap Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
camiaM y3 iiyjuiapHHH ^bom 3tthph6, OAaMjiapHH AHHra AatBaT 



139 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±^[jj^±jjl 

KHJIHIHAaH THHHJIMaH, 6ajIKH aKCHHHa, y3 HIHHHH AHaAa AaBOM 

3TAHpaeTraHjiapHra Kyn ca6p Kroia ojiMaAHJiap. A6y TojiHGHHHr 
onAHra 6opn6, onAHHrHAaH Kypa KaTTHKpoK;, KynonpoK ycny6Aa 
ranjiauiHinra Kapop KHjiAHjiap. 

KypaPiiiJHMHr A6y Tojin6ra Tax^iifl wwiim 

Kypaniii K;a6HjiacHHHHr yjiyr KHiHHjiapH A6y TcuiHGHHHr onAHra 
kcjihG, yHra: 

- 3h A6y TojihG, ceH 6h3hh opaMH3Aa emu yjiyFHMH3 GynnG, y3 
MapTaGaHr, xypMaT-stTnGopHHr 6op. Eh3 ceHAaH acroiHHHrHH 
thhhG KyHHuiHHrHH Tana6 KHjiraH 3-ahk. CeH 3ca ymi thhhG 

KyHMaAHHr. Eh3 yHHHr OJIHX,ajiapHMH3HH KaMCHTHIHH, 

AOHOJiapHMH3HH ax,MOK;Ka HHK;apH6, OTa-6o6onapHMH3HH x,ai<;opaT 
KHjiHiiiHra opTHK; HHAafi 0JiMaHMH3. Yhh thhhG KyftcaHr KyiiflHHr 
eKH 6yjiMaca yHra KyiiniG ceH GnnaH x,aM x,Hco6jiamaMH3, tokh 
hkkh Tapa(J)AaH Gnpn x,anoK GynaAH, - achhuiah. 

A6y TonnGra 6y Kynon TaxAHA Ba KarrHK; nynnca acyAajiM ornp 
6otah. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiccH Ba camiaMra OAaM k>6oph6: 

-3h acnaHHM, KaBMHHr kcjihG, MeHra myHAan, uiyHAan 
AenHuiAH. MeHra x,aM, y3 acoHHHrra x,aM pax,MHHr KencHH! MeHH 
TOKaTHM eTMafiAHraH Himiapra MaacGyp KHjiMarHH,- acah. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM aMaKHjiapH A6y 
TojihGhh xhmoji KHjiHuiAaH 05KH3 6yjin6 kojiah Ba 3hah MeHra 
epAaM GepnuiAaH 6oui TopTaanTH,- p,e6 yiijiaAHjiap Ba aMaiauiapH 
A6y TonnGra: 

- " 3u omuku, azap nyemuu ym moMOHUMea Kyuu6, nan 
moMOHUMza ouhu Kyuccmapy, my uuiumhu mapn KfiiiumuMHU 
majiad Kfincajiap, mo Ajijiox, 6y uiuhu sound KfinzynuHa enu my 
urn uyiiuda x,ojiok dynzynuMHa, xapeu3 6y umuu myxmamud 
KyuMauMan! - AeAHJiap-Aa, Ky3 euijiapn ok;h6 HHFjiaAHJiap Ba 
ypHHjiapHAaH TypAHjiap. HlyHAa A6y TojihG: 

- Bop 3H acHaHHM, x,ox,JiaraH ranHHrHH rannpaBep, Ajinoxra 
KacaMKH, ceHH x,en KanoH, x,en Hapca 3Ba3nra TauinaG KyMMaHMaH! 
- Ae6, KyiiHAarH GaiiTHH HauiHAa k;hjih6 yi<;HAH. 



140 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

y4yzyzo^2a i^acaMKU, xapeu3 emutuojijuac ynap cema dapnacu %cim. 
TupuK 3KO.HMa.H, Men mynpovfta uyMUJiud, ynu ecmuv; rgimynuMHa 
1/3 uumhzhu daeoM ammup, cema x,en 6up 6ano ypMazaii, 
Xyuix,oji dyjieuH, 6y uwumza Ky3Jiap 6ex,ad vyeomaii. 

KypaMiu aHa 6np 6op A6y Tojii/16 *y3ypiifla 
KypaiiiiijiHKjiap Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM y3 
HuiHAa AaBOM 3TaeTraHHHH Kypran, A6y TojihG y3 >kh5ihh 
Myx,aMMaA ajiaiixHccajiOMHH epAaMCH3 TamjiaG KyiiMacjiHrHHH Ba 
yHHHr xhmojich ynyH y3jiapHAaH aiipHJiHiiira, xaTro 
AyuiMaHjiauiHiura xaM Tafiep sicaHJiHrHHH aHrjiaG eTAHjiap. 3hah 
KypaHuijiHKjiap BajiHA hGh Myrniipa GoiiiHHjiHrHAa Gnp rypyx, 
GyjiHrnnG, A6y TojihG xy3ypnra TauipH(J) GyiopmiiAH Ba yHra: 

- 3h A6y TojihG, MaHa 6y 6ona KypaiiiiijiHKjiapHHHr 3Hr KypicaMH, 
ry3ajiH Ba ok;hji iiHrHTHAHp. CeH 6y 6ojiaHH onrHH, yHHHr aKJiH 
xaM, epAaMH xaM ceHra, yHH y3HHira yrnji k;hjih6 oji! YHHHr 
ypHHra 3ca ceHHHr Ba OTa-6o6ojiapHHr AHHHra KapiiiH GyjiraH, 
KaBMHHHr GnpjiHrHHH 6y3raH Ba KaBMHHHr AOHHiiiMaHAJiapHHH 
axMOK caHaraH acroiHHHr MyxaMMa^HH 6n3ra TacjiHM k;hji! Bh3 yHH 
yjiAHpaMH3. Khihh Gouinra KHinn-Ky axnp?! - AeAHJinp. A6y TojihG 
yjiapHHHr TaKjiH(J)HHH paA 3th6: 

- JsaHAaii xaM eMOH HapcaHH MeHra eTKasMOKHHcrojiap-a? ! Ch3 
y>jiHHrH3HH MeHra 6epcaHrH3-y, MeH yHH e^HpnG, hhhphG, 
TapGnajiacaM, MeH CH3ra yrjiHMHH 6epcaM-y, ch3 yHH yji^npcaHrH3. 
Ajijiox, HOMHra KacaM hhh6 airraMaHKH, xaprro yHAaii GyjiMaiiAH! - 
Aea acaBoG 6epAH. IHyHAa MyTtHM h6h Aahh h6h HaB(J)aji h6h 
A6AyMaHO(J): 

- Ajuioxra KacaMKH, KaBMHHr ceHra HncGaTaH hhco(J) GnjiaH hui 
TyTMOKAa 3H A6y TojihG, ynap ceHH y3HHr eicrapMaraH HapcaAaH 
KyTKapHuiMOKHH, ceH sea ynapAaH xen Hapca ojihuihh 
HCTaMaancaH? ! - p,ep,u. 

- Ajuioxra KacaMKH, CH3Jiap MeHra hhco(J) KHjiraHHHrjiap nyX CeH 
sea MeHH ejiFH3Jia6, K;aBMHH MeHra KapiiiH rHac-rnacjiaMOKAacaH. 
Bop GnjiraHHHrHH k;hji! - ^ea KarrHK; rannpAH A6y TojihG. 

KypaiiiiijiHKjiap A6y TojihGhh MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHccajiOMHH 
AatBaT^aH thhhG KyiiHiiiHra yHaTHinra MyBa(J)(J)aK; 



141 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

GyjiojiMaraHjiapHHH, yHra K,aiioaT GepojiMaraHii Ba ym6y MyH03apa 
x,aM (J)OHAa GepMaraHHHH aHrjiauiran, 6yHiiHr ynyii 6omK,aHa 6np 
fiyji TyTHinra K,apop KHjiaHjiap. 

(H6hXhhiom: 1/266-67). 

By fiyji 3ca Pocyjiyjuiox cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHiiHr 

maxciurrjiapiira TaacoBy3 KHjiimiAiip. Yjiap 6y iiyjiHii aatBaTHiiHr 

HaTHacacH Ba yHiiHr ojiiiG KenaAiiraH KenaacarHAaH KypKKaHjiapiiaaH 

Ba yHaaii OK,n6aTHii HeTjiaTiim ynyii TaHjiaaHJiap. 

Pocyjiyjuiox cajiJiajuio^y anaMx,n Ba carmaM waxcura 

6ynraH Ta>KOBy3iiap 
Hcjiom aatBaTii ohhk; Maiiaoiira HiiK,K,aHaaH 6omjia6, 
KypaiiiiijiiiKJiap K,aAHMaaH y3jiapn yjiyrjia6, sxTiipoM kiijiii6 
KenaeTraH HapcajiapiiHii oeK octii Kiuiiimra acyptaT KHjiaHjiap. 
yjiapHHHr Kn6py-x,aBO Ba MaHMamiiiKjiapiira y30K ca6p kiijiiiih 
orap 6yjmn. Yjiap Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMra 
K,apmn yHAHpMajiapn, moB-myBjiapii, Macxapa kiijiiiih, cexprap 
aeiiiiiii Ka6n TauiBiiKOTJiapii ycriira Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy 
ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaMra TaacoBy3 KyJiJiapiiHii ny3a GomjiaAiiJiap. 
TaGiiiiiiKii, 6y MaK,caA 6omiiaa Any JIax,a6 TypapAii. Hymen y BaHy 
X,ouiiim K;a6njiajiapiiHiiHr paiicjiapiiaaH 6npn 6yjin6, 6oinK,a 
paiicnap HyniiiiAiiraH HapcaAaH nyniiMac 3ah. Y Hcjiom Ba yHiiHr 
ax,jinra auiaAAHH aymMaH 6yjin6, HcnoMHiiHr 3Hr aBBanrii KyHiiaaH 
6ouijia6 Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMHiiHr 
AyuiMaHjiapii MaBKiicJDiiaa TypraH. KypaiiiiijiiiKJiap xanii 
AyuiMaHjiiiKHii xaenjiapiira KejrriipMaii Typn6, y Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMra TaacoBy3 KHjiraH sail. BaHy 
X,ouiiim Ma5Kjincrox,iiAa Ba Ca<J)o Toriiaa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy 
anaiixii Ba canjiaMra KHjiraH MyoManaciiHii Tiinra ojiii6 yTfliiK. 

A6y JIaxaG Hcjiom ahhii KejiMaciiaaH ojiahh iikkii yrjiii yrGa Ba 
yraiiGajiapHii Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMHiiHr 
iikkii K;ii3Jiapn PyKiia Ba YMMy TyncyMra yiijiaHTiipraH 3aii. 
MyxaMMan anaiixiiccajiOM naiiFaMGapjiiiK uiapa(J)iira Myaccap 
6yjin6, AatBaTHii GomjiaraHjiapiiaaii KeiiiiH A6y JIaxa6 iikkii yrjrnra 
xaM MyxaMMan anaiixiiccajiOMHiiHr K,ii3JiapiiHii Kynoji cypaTaa 
TanoK, khjiiiihhii 6yiopAii. Yjiap naiiraMGap anaiixiiccajiOMHiiHr 
Kii3JiapiiHii TanoK, KiijiAiinap. 

(H6h Xhuiom: 1/652). 



142 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

riaHFaM6ap ajiaiixiiccajiOMHiiHr iikkiihhii yriijuiapii AGnyJiJiox 
Ba(J)OT KiuiraHiina A6y JIax,a6 mony-xyppaM 6yjin6, onAiira 
cyiOHHHjiaG 6opn6: 

- Myx,aMMaA shah a6Tap (iiacjiii KiipKiuiraii) 6yjin6 kojiah, - 
flea.n. 

(H6hh Kacnp: 4/595) 

E113 My^aAAaM yTraH caxHCJDajiapHna A6y JIax,a6HH x,aac 

MaBcyMHAa Ba 6o3opjiapAa Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 

cajinaMHHHr opKajiapnnaH k>ph6, y khihhhh cjifohhh ne6, 

OAaMjiapHH AatBaTAaH Tycn6 lopraHjinrH xa^Hna TyxrajinG yTraH 

3AHK. 

TopHK; h6h AGnyJiJiox MyxopnGHH pHB05rrara icypa: A6y JIax,a6 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH cjifohhh neiiHiii 
GnjiaHrHHa neicjiaHHG KOJiMaii, 6ajnai y KHiiiura Touinap oth6 ypap, 
x,aTro hkkh oe^ (opua TOBOH)napHHH KOHaraG K)6opraH 3AH. 

(KaH3yjiyMMOJi: 12/449). 

A6y JIax,a6HHHr xothhh A6y Cy(J)eHHHHr chhimihch yMMy 
)KaMHji ApBO 6hhth Xap6 h6h yMaira Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy 
ajiaiix,ii Ba cajuiaMra AyuiMaHjiHKna spuma acno KOJiiiuiMac 3-ah. y 
TiiKOHjiapHii KyTapn6 xejiiiG, TyHna Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajinoxy 
ajiaiixn Ba canjiaMHiiHr suiiiKjiapii onAiira Ba lopaAiiraH iiyjijiapiira 
KyiiiiG Hiii^ap 3ah. y yra uiajiJiaKii aen 6yjin6, Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijiajinoxy anaiixii Ba camiaM xaKJiapnra ejiFOH-6yx,TOHjiap, Typnii 
yiiAiipMajiap TyK;ii6, tiijiiihii 6np KyjiOH KiinraHHa (Jmraa ojiobiihii 
ny(J)jia6 anaHrajiaTap Ba Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajinoxy anaiixii Ba 
cajuiaMra Kapmii aeBcii3, uiiiAAaTjiii ypyui Kiijiap sah. HlyHiiHr 
ynyH xaM, yHii J^yptOH "xaMMaajiaTan xaTo6" (yTiiH KyTapyBHii) 
Ae6 cii(J)aTjiaraH. y3ii Ba spii xa^Hna ho3iiji 6yjiraH ojrrjiapHH 
3iniiTraH yMMy )KaMiiji, Kai.6a eHHnani MacaciiAAa yrapraH 
Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajinoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaMHiiHr onAiira kcjiah. 
A6y Eaicp Ciiaahk; xaM Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajinoxy anaiixii Ba camiaM 
6njiaH 6npra yrapraH snn. yMMy )KaMiijiHiiHr Kyjinna 6np xoByn 
Manna Tomnap 6op 3nii. yMMy )KaMiiji yjiapHiiHr Tenaciira 
KejiraHiina, Ajijiox yHiiHr Ky3iiHii Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy anaiixii 
Ba cajuiaMnaH Tycn6 KyiinH. y (J)aK;aT A6y Eaicp Ciiaahkhii icypap Ba 
yHra: 



143 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- ,H,ycTHHr KaHH sii A6y Eaicp, sihhtahmkh, y Memi x,aacB 
k;hjih6ah. Ajinoxra KacaMKH, arap yHH TonnG oncaM, MaHa uiy 
MaH^a Touinap GnjiaH yHHHr OF3Hra ypaMaH. Ajinoxra KacaMKH, MeH 
x,aM uiOHpaMaH AeAH-Aa, KyiiHAarH metpffii yK,HAH. 

Ma3MyHH: 

My3aMMUMza dyucyuMaduK. 
Hum, iiyjiUHU ^cim myniMaduK. 
JJuiiHUHii ^aM cyuMaduK. 
CyHr Te3Aa KairraG kct^h. A6y Eaicp Chaahk;: 

- y ch3hh KypMaAHMH, 3h Pocyjiyjuiox? - AeAH aaca6jiaHH6. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM: 

-"y Menu KypMadu. Hynuu Ajijiox, ynum Ky3unu Mendau onu6 
uyuzan adu ", - AeflHjiap. 

(H6h Xhhiom: 1/335-36). 

KypaiiiiijiHKjiap Pocyjiyjinox, canjiajijioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaMHii 
eMOH xypraHjiapii Ba y Kiiuiiira xaca# KiinraHjiapii ca6a6jin 
"My3aMMaM" p,e6 HOMjiap 3AHJiap. By 6njiaH Ajijiox, ynapHiiHr 
xaKopaTjiapiiHii MyxaMMaA anaiixiiccajiOMAaH 6ypn6 KyjipAii. 

(TapnxH Eyxopirii: 1/11, CaxHXH EyxopHH:7/162, 
MycHa^H AxMaa: 2/244, 340, 369). 

A6y Eaicp Ba33op yui6y icnccaHH piiBoaT icnjiraH 6yjin6, yH#a 
acyMjiaAaH uiyHAaii achah: 
YiviMy )KaMHji A6y Eaicp Chaahichhhf Tenaciira xejiiiG: 

- CeHiiHr AycTiiHr 6ii3hii xaacB ichjihGah 3h A6y Eaicp, - acah. 
A6y Eaicp Chaahk yHra: 

MaHa my yiiHiiHr Po66ncnra KacaMKii, yHAaii 3Mac, nyHKii y 
Kiiuiii iiietp TyiciiMaiiAii xaM, yHii yicHMaiiAH xaM, - Aea acaBoG 
ichjiah. HlyHAa YiviMy )KaMHji yHra: 

- CeH xaM yHH TacAHiqiaryBHHcaH-Aa! -AeAHAa, »cyHa6 iceTAH. 
A6y JIaxa6 Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajinoxy ajiaibcn Ba cajuiaMHHHr 
aMaKHjiapH Ba en icyiiiHHjiapH 6yna Typn6, iny HinjiapHH icnjiapAH. 
yHHHr yiiH Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajinoxy ajiaiccH Ba cajuiaMHHHr 
yiijiapHra acnnc 6yjin6, y xaM 6omic,a icyiiiHHjiapH Ka6n Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijiajinoxy ajiaibcH Ba camiaM yiiAajiHic HOFjiapHAa 03op 6epap 3 ah. 

Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajinoxy ajiaibcH Ba camiaM yiiAajiHic HOFjiapHAa 
03op GepaAHraH 6np Hena icyiiiHHjiapH 6yjm6, yjiap A6y JIaxa6, 



144 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

X,axaM h6h A6yn Oc h6h yMaira (yMaBHHjiapAaH GynraH x,anH(J)a 
MapBOHHHHr OTacn), Yi(;6a h6h A6y MytHHT, Aahh h6h X,aMpo 
Cai<;a4)HH Ba H6h Acaoh Xy3ajiHHjiap sah. YnapAaH (J)aKaT X,axaM 
h6h A6yn OcrHHa Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KmiraHAH. K^ojiraHjiapnAaH xen 
Gupjiapn Hcjiom HetMaTura ca30Bop GyjiMafi yjinG KeTraHjiap. 

(H6h X;hhiom: 1/416). 
YnapAaH 6npn KyiiHHHr HHaK-HaBOKJiapuHH ojih6 iceiinG, 
Myx,aMMaA anaHXHCcanoM HaM03 yKneTraH HOFjiapnAa ycTHjiapura 
Tauinaca, 6oiiiK;acH ytni ojih6 iceiinG, ynoiwa ypHaTHjiraH K030Hra 
TauijiaG K)6opap sah. X,aTro Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
canjiaM HaM03 yKHMOKHH Gyncanap, 6np Karra toiiihh KyiinG ojih6, 
yHHHr naHacHAa HaM03 yK;np SAHjiap. K^yuiHHjiapH myHaKaHru 
HonoK HapcanapHH TamjiaraHjiapHAa, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy 
ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM yHH 6np nynra hjih6 ojih6, xynara ojih6 HHK;ap Ba 
3uiHK onAHAa Typn6 ojihG: 

- 3u Eimy A6dyMauo(p, 6y qandau KyuiHimwiuK 6yndu audit? - 
AepAHJiap Ba yHH HyjiHHHr neTura yjiOKrupuG Tauinap SAHJiap. 

K^yuiHHjiapHAaH Gnpn GynraH Yi^Qa h6h A6y MytHHTHHHr 
6aA6axTjiHrH Ba xaGncjiHru xaAAaH ouih6 KeTAH. Hmom 
EyxopuHHHHr AGAyjmox, h6h MactyA po3H5uijioxy aHxyAaH 
KHjiraH pHBoaTHAa myHAaii AeHmiraH: 

- Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM KatGaTyjuiox, eHHAa 
HaM03 yicHMOKAa 3AHJiap. A6y JKaxA xaM y3 yji(J)aTjiapH 6miaH yma 
epAa yTHpraH sah. YnapAaH 6upu : 

- CronapAaH Kafi 6HpHHrH3 BaHy cjjyjiOHAa cyiffljiraH TyjiHHHr 
HHaK-HaBOK;jiapHHH ojihG KennG, MyxaMMaA caacAara 6om KyiiraH 
BaicrAa, yHHHr yerara TauuiaH onaAH? - AeAH. K^aBMHHHr 3Hr 
6aA6axT OAaMH 6yjiraH Yi(;6a h6h A6y MytHHT ypmiAaH TypnG, 
6opn6 yma HapcaHH ojihG kojiah. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH 
Ba cajuiaM HaM03 y^HMOKAa SAHJiap. y 6aA6axT Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH caacAara 6oui KyHHiiiHHH KyraG 
TypAH. CaacAara 6om KyHHimiapH 6anaH xajinrH hcjdjioc HapcaHH 
ojihG kojihG hkkh ejiKanapHHHHr ypTacnra TauinaAH. 

- MeH 6y MaH3apaHH Ky3aTn6 Typap 3AHM-y, neKHH xen Hapca 
KHjionMacAHM. J^aHH 3ah yma nanTAa MeHH x,HMoa KHjiaAHraH 
6npoH khuihm GynraHAa sah, - achah H6h MactyA. Ynap 6np- 
GnpjiapHHH ypHinnG, Typ-raiiinG MacxapaoMy3 xyjia GouuiaAHJiap. 

145 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

Yjiap KnGpnaHuG, rypypnaHuG Kynap SAHJiap. Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM sea cajKAaAaH 6oui KyTapMaii, cojkha 
XOJUiapHAa >khm Typn6 KOJiAHJiap. K^rojiapH OorHMa kojihG 
ycTHAarn h(J)jioc HapcanapHH ojih6 TamjiaAH. IHyHAaH cyHr 
GouiJiapHHH caacAaAaH KyrapAHJiap. CyHr Anjioxra hjithjko k;hjih6: 

- "3ii AiuioxfiM, KypatiuiHu y3umea moniuupduM!" - AeAHJiap. 
y3JiapHHH AyonGaA KHjiraHjiapn ynapra >KyAa ornp Gotah. HyHKH 
yjiap 6y maxapAarn AyojiapHH nacoGaT GyjiHiiiHHH acyAa jixiiih 
GnjiapAHjiap. CyHr Pocyjiyjuiox cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba caiuiaM 
ynapHH HOMMa-HOM THjira ojih6, Ayo KHjiAHjiap. 

(jji jjijii j . a*jjj Cji i ^y A *' j • ^*^j (ly ^*^ '^j^ j . j^a, ^jL iLi& i^iii 

- "3« AnnoXfUM, A6y MaXfiiHu, Ym6a u6h PoduuTtauu, UlaMa 
u6h Po6uuT>aHU, Bwiud u6h Ymdanu, Ymuur u6h XajicKpnu ea 
Yufia u6h A6y Mybuumuu ceuum y3umza moniuupduM.' " - 

eTTHHHH UiaXCHH HOMHHH X,aM aHTAHJiap-y, y 6H3HH eAHMH3Aa 

KOJiMaraHAH,- AeiiAH H6h MactyA. )Kohhm KyjiHAa 6yjiraH 3oTra 
KacaMKH, MeH Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM 
HOMjiapHHH caHaraH OAaMjiapHH GapnacHHH BaAP acaHrHAa xanoic 
GyjiraHHHH KypAHM. 

(Ca^H^H Eyxopirii: 1/543, 1/37) 

- Etthhhhch Ammop H6h BajiHA 6ynraH sah. y Mafia h6h Xajia(J) 
Pocyjiyjuiox cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH icypca, x,ai<;opaT 
KHjiap Ba Macxapa k;hjih6, y KHinnra nuiopa k;hjih6, Kynap sah. 
Ajijiox Taono yHHHr xa^HAa XyMa3a cypacHHH ho3hji khjiah. 

>w(3) 'smJ-S aJU l)I >L^J>6 (2) iiJs-j Vtf %*s* i£&\ (1) ajJ 5jia ^ji3 Jjj 

(4) hJas*l\ J> jiii 

1 . Eapna (KHuinjiapra AHJi03opjiHK khjih6, ynapHHHr o6pyjiapHHH 
TyxnG lopaAHraH) 6yx,TOHHH-FHii6aTHHra x,ajiOKaT Syjirafi. 

2-3. Kh, y (TonraH) MOJi-AyHecn y3HHH MaHry (yjiMaiiAHraH) 
K11.1116 KynraH, ae6 yiijiaraH x,ojiHaa (c^a^ax) moji TynjiaraH Ba 
yuia (MOJi-AyHe)HH x,hco6-khto6 khjihS (6npoH caBoGjiH nuira 
cap<J)jiaMacAaH) iopraH Kiiivicaziiip. 

4. HyK, (yHHHr 6y xhco6-khto6h GexopAHp)! KacaiviKii, ajiSaira 
y HHji-napHHH KHJiryBHH (Ay3ax)ra TauijiaHyp! ... 

146 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

(XyMa3a: 1-4) 

H6h Xhihom uiyHAafi Aeiupi: 

- "X,yMa3a" #e6, OAaMHH ouixop xa^opaT k;hjih6, Ky3jiapH GnjiaH 
yHra nmopa khjih6, yHHHr ycraAaH KyjiyBHHra aiiTHjiaAH. JIyMa3a 
sea OAaMjiapHH jmiHpHHHa, opKacHAaH anGjiaiiAHraH Ba ynapra 03op 
6epyBHH KHuinra airrHjiaAH. 

YMaHaHHHr yicacn y6an h6h XanatJ) x,aM y^6a h6h A6y MyHtirr 
GnjiaH ca(J)AOui 3#h. KynjiapHHHr Gnpn^a y^6a Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr ojiAHJiapnra yTHpnG, ranjiapnra 
KyjiOK cojihG sihhtah. By xa6ap yGafira eraG Gopran, y y^GaHH 
kohh6, 6ai<;HpH6-HaKHpH6 ypHiimG 6epAH Ba yH^aH Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr K>3JiapHra Ty<f)jiaiiiHH Tajia6 
Khjiah. yic;6a yHHHr TajiaGnHH 6aacapAH. y6an h6h Xajia(J)HHHr y3H 
3ca HHpnraH cyflKHH ojiAHAa, yHH MaiiAajia6, uiaMOJi sch6 TypraH 
naiiTAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM TOMOHra 
ny(J)jiaAH. 

(H6h^hhiom: 1/361-62) . 

AxHac h6h IIIapHHK xaM Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMra 03op GepraH KHMcanapAaH Gnpn sah. Ajuiox Taono yHH 
K^yptOHAa Tyic;K;H3 CH(J)aT 6njiaH CH(J)aTjiaAHKH, 6y CH(J)aTjiap yHHHr 
KHMjinrnra AanojiaT KHjiaAH. 

(12) pS\ JisiS JJJi £& (11) prJj. t&J> jlla (10) &Sf <~?4*- $°£? % 

r j. s s ■» 

(13) ^3 diiS & *$£. 

10-13. (3ii MyxaMMaA), nna ch3 x,ap 6np TySaH KacaMxyp, 
FHii6aTHH-io ran TauiyBHH, hxiiihjihkhh Mam> KHJiryBHH-SaxHji, 
Ta5KOBy3Kop, ryHOx,ra SoiraH, Kynoji Ba SyjiapaaH TaiuKapii 
6eHaca6-x,apoMH Kmvieara HToaT 3TiviaHr! (XanaM: 10-13). 

A6y 5KaxJi xaM roxo Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr ojiAHJiapnra kcjih6, y KHuiHAaH J^yptOH oaTjiapHHH 
3ihhth6, cyHr KeTapAH. JleKHH y hhmoh KejiTHpMac, HToaT STMac, 
n6paTjiaHMac Ba Kyp^Mac xaM sah. BajiKH Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy 
anaiixH Ba cajuiaMra thjih 6njiaH 03op Gepap Ba AjuioxHHHr 
iiyjiHAaH Tycap sah. CyHr y y3 KHjiMHuuiapn 6njiaH (J)axpjiaHap Ba 
coahp 3TraH eMOHjiHKjiapH 6njiaH rypypjiaHap sah. ysHHH rye 



147 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

Karra 6np hihhh KHjiraHfleic TyTap^H. Ajijiox, Taono yHHHr xa^H^a 
KyHHAarn ojithh ho3hji khjiah. 

(33) Ja^sj *Aal Jl C**s p .Jpj CjJ&'j&j . Jlp % &&> "& 

31. Ha (KyptOH Ba naHFaM6apHH) TacflHK; 3tah Ba Ha HaM03 
yKHfln! 

32. Ba.iKii y (KyptOHHH) Sjifoh aeflH Ba (niiMOHAaH) 103 yrnpan! 

33. CyHrpa (MaHa my KHjiMHiiuiapHAaH yajiHin ypHHra) 
repaaiiraHHHa y3 ax,jin tomoh kct^h! 

(K^neMaT: 31-33) 

y IIaHFaM6ap ajiaiixHccajiOMHH 6hphhhh 6op X,apaivma HaM03 
y^HeTraHjiapHHH KypraHAaeic;, y KHiiiura HaM03 yKHiimH Mant. 
KHjiraH 3ah. KyHjiapHHHr Gnpn^a Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy ajianxn 
Ba canjiaM HGpoxHM ajiaiixHccajiOM MaKOMjiapHfla HaM03 yKHerraH 
naiiTjiapHAa A6y 5Kax,n kcjihG k;ojih6: 

- 3h Myx,aMMaA, mch ceHH 6y nui^aH KairrapMaraHMHAHM? - #e6 
nynnca khjiah. Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy ajianxn Ba canjiaM yHra 
KaTTHK;-K;aTTHK rannpnG, cyicnG GepAHJiap. IHyHAa y: 

- 3h Myx,aMMaA, ceH MeHra HHMaHr GnjiaH TaxAHA KHjiacaH. 
Ajinoxra KacaMKH, 6y BOAHHAa ceHAaH icypa MeHHHr epAaMHH- 
Tapa(J)AopjiapHM KynpoK Gyjica?! - p,ep,u. HlyHAa Ajijiox, MaHa 6y 

05ITHH H03HJI KHJIAH. 

(18) fo^jh fc&* (17) ibu fcodl 

17. Bac, y y3HHimr >KaiwoaciiHii (epAaMra) HaKHpaBepcim! 

18. Bh3 3ca a3o6 (|)apnuiTa.iapiiHii Maiqipa>KaKivfiB! 

(Ajia^: 17-18). 

BouiKa 6np pHBoaTAa 3ca Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy ajianxn Ba 
canjiaM yHHHr eKacHAaH chkh6, CHjiKHTAHjiapAa, yui6y ojithh 
y^HAHjiap 

(35) jjts dil Jji p (34) jjtfl al Jfjf 

(3u KypHOMdK uhcoh,) Cema yjiuM 6yncuH. Cympa, ana cema 
yilUM 6yilCUH. (K^eMaT: 34 , 35) 

IIIyHAa Ajuiox,HHHr AymMaHH: 

- MeHH KypicHTaancaHMH aii MyxaMMaA? Ajinoxra KacaMKH, 6y 
hui ceHHHr x,aM, Po66HHrHH x,aM KyjiHAaH KejiMaiiAH. MeH 



148 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

BOAHHHHHr HKKH TOFH OpaCHAa K>praH OAaMJiapHHHr 3Hr a3H3H, 

3ypHMaH,- AeAH FypypnaHnG. 

(H6h Kacnp:4/377, A/wyppyji MaHcyp: 6/478). 

A6y )Kax,.n MyxaMMaA ajianxHccajiOMAaH smHrraH 
cyKHuinapHAaH xen y3Hra KejiojiMafi k>pah. EajiKH yH^aH kchhh 
yHHHr 6aA6axTjiHrH atra^a 3HeAa GyjiAH. Hmomh MyonHM A6y 
Xypaiipa pcBHHjuioxy aHxyAaH KHjiraH pHBOjrrara Kypa A6y }Kax,ji: 

- CrojiapHHHr 0JiAHHrH3Aa MyxaMMaAHH 6np uiapMaHAa 
KHjiaHHHMH? - AeAH. Yjiap: 

- X,a, -AeiiHuiAH yHra. Y 3ca: 

- JIoTy Y33ora KacaMKH, yHHHr GyHHHra ocfhmhh KyiinG Typn6, 
K)3nra K;opa nannaHMaH, - p,ea y3 AycTjiapnra cy3 6epAH. 

By MantyH acaHoGn Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaMHHHr onAHra KenraHHAa, y khuih HaM03 yicneTraH 3AHjiap. 
Ajuiox,HHHr AyuiMaHH IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 

GyHHHjiapHra oeK KyiiMOKHH GynnG aKHHjiauiraH sah, Gnp^aH 
Kyjijiapn GnnaH y3HHH xhmoa k;hjih6, opKacHra THCJiaHAH. HlyHAa 
yHHHr AycTjiapn: 

- HHMa GyjiAH caHra 3h A6yn X,axaM? - achhuiah. 

- MeH GnnaH yHHHr ypTacH^a HoroxpH yT^aH 6yjiraH xaH^aK 
nan^o GyjinG, AaxmaTjiH Maroapa Ba KaHOTjiap...,- maw. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaivc 

- "Aeap y Mema nKimjiauizcmuda, (papuiumimap ynu yuinad, 
6yjiaK—6yjiaK k,ujiu6 maiunap adu/iap " - AeAHJiap. 

Bh3, ch3 a3H3 yKyBHHjiapra TacBHpjia6-H(J)OAajia6 GepraH yui6y 
MaH3apanap y3JiapHHH Ajijioxhhhf ax,jiH Ba YHHHr X,apaMH axpjiHCH 
Ae6 xhcoG KHjiraH 30jihm MyuipHKjiap TOMOHHAaH Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM Ba MycyjiMOHjiapra eTraH acaGpy- 
aca(J)0 Ba 3yjiMy-CHraMjiapAaH khhhk 6np KypHHHiii sah xojioc. 

ByHAan TaHrjiHK xpnaTjiap Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMra kcckhh 6np MaBKH^HH jio3hm TyTHuiHH TaK;o30 STapAHKH, 
6y MaBKHCJ) GnnaH MycyjiMOHjiapHH aTpo(J)jiapHAaH ypa6 KejiaerraH 
GanojiapAaH KyTKapnG, KyjuiapHAaH KenraHH KaAap Gochmhh 
eHrHjuiaTHuijiapH 3apyp 3 ah. ByHHHr ynyH Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy 
ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM HKKHTa xHKMaTjiH K;aAaM KyiiAHjiap. flatBaTHH 
ocoHjiauiTHpHiu Ba MaKcaAHH pyeGra HHK;apHiiiAa 6y hkkh 

149 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KaAaMHHHHr Tatciipii jixihii GyjiAii. Ma3Kyp K,aAaMjiap KyiiiiAariijiap 
3Ah: 

EHPHHHHCH: ApK,aM ii6h A6yn ApK,aMHiiHr xobjiiiciihii AatBaT 
MapKa3H Ba TapGiraBiiii Kapoprox, khjiiiG TaHjiaHiimii. 

HKKHJWHCH: MycyjiMOHjiapHH X,a6amncTOHra x,H»cpaT 
KHjiiimra Gyiopiim. 

ApKaMHMHr x,objimcm 

By xobjiii Ca(J)o TOFiiHiiHr 3TarHAa 6yjin6, 30JiiiMjiap Ky3iiAaH Ba 
ynapHHHr MaacjiHcrox,jiapHAaH aiina iiiipoKAa acoHjiauiraH 3j\a. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba camiaM 6y xobjiiihii 
MycyjiMOHjiap x,y(J)eHa acaMjiaHiiG Typiimjiapii Ba ynypra my ep#a 
Ajuiox,HHHr KHToGnAaH TatJiHM 6epn6, xHKMaTHii ypraTHin ynyH 
iix-riiep KHjiAHjiap. Tokii MycyjiMOHjiap y3 iiGoAaTjiapii Ba 
aMajinapHHH Hiipoiijiii cypaT^a a#o 3TCiiHjiap Ba Ajijiox y3 Pocyjiiira 
ho3hji KHjiaeTraH TatjiiiMOTjiapHii smiih, spKHH cypaT^a K,a6yji 
KHjiciimiap. By yfira HcnoMra KiipraH OAaMjiap KiipciiH Ba 3yjiMKop, 
anaM3aAa ToryTjiap yHii GiijiMaii k,ojiiiihciih. 

K^anoH Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba camiaM MycyjiMOHjiap 
6njiaH 6npoH acofira iiiiFiijicajiap, x,en my6xacii3 MympiiKjiap 
y3JiapiiAarn 6op xyn Ba iiMKOHiurrjiapii 6njiaH OAaMjiap 6njiaH 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba camiaM Ky3jiaeTraH TapGira, 
Ta3Kna Ba Kirro6y x,HKMaT TauiiiMii ypTaciira FOB-TyciiK Gyjiiimra 
x,apaxaT KHjiraH 6yjiap 3Aiuiap. ByHAafi xoji sea hkkh TOH(J)a 
BaKHjinapH ypTacHAarn TyKHamyBra x,aM ojih6 KejiHiiiH MyMKHH 
3AH. ByHAafi TyKHauiyB xaKHK,aTaH x,aM coahp GyjiraH s^h. 

H6h Hcxokhhhf e3Hinnra xypa: Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH 
Ba canjiaMHiiHr acxoGnapn AapanapAa acaMjiaHiiuin6, y ep#a 
Max(J)iiii paBiiuiAa HaM03 yKHiiiap Ba y3apo MyjioKOTAa 6ynap 
SAiiJiap. TacoAii(J)aH KypaHiiijiHK KO(J)iipjiapiiAaH 6np Hena kiiuiii 
ynapHii KypuG k,ojih6, cyicii6, xaKopaT KiuiaAHJiap. HaTiiacaAa hkkh 
rypyx ypTacH^a ypyui 6ouuiaHH6, CatA h6h A6y BaK,K;oc 6np 
KiiuiiiHii ypn6, kohiihii OKH3AHpaAH. By Hcjiom Tapiixii^a 
KO(J)iipjiapAaH TyKiinraH GiipiiHHii k,oh GynraH 3 ah. 

MatnyMKii arap TyKHamyBjiap cohii KynaiiiiG, Hy3iuiii6 
GopaBepca, 6y MycyjiMOHjiapHH xanoKaTiira Ba ynapHii Kiipiuiiiuiiira 
ojiiiG KenapAii. ByHAaii xoima GepKHTHKna, MaxcJDiiii cypaT^a iiui 



150 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

lopHTHin Ma^caAra mybo(J)hk Ba xHKMaTAaH 6yjiaAH. 
Cax,o6anapHHHr OMMacn Hcjiom, n6oAaT Ba HHFHjiiiiiijiapHii 
Max(J)HH KHjiap 3AHJiap. Ammo Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaM AatBaTHH xaM, n6oAaTHH xaM MympiiKjiap opacnAa ohhk- 
ouiKop KHjiap 3AHJiap. y khihhhh 6yHAaH xen Hapca Tycn6 KyiiMac 
3AH. Ammo Hcjiom Ba MycyjiMOHjiap MaH(J)aaTHHH Ky3Aa TyTn6, 
MycyjiMOHjiap 6miaH Max(J)HH cypaT^a HiiFHjmiiiap SAHJiap. 
Xa6aiuMCTOHra 6mpmhhm ^n>KpaT 
TaacoBy3JiapHHHr 6oinjiaHmiiH HyGyBBaTHHHr 4- hiijih ypTanapii 
eKH oxHpjiapHAa 6yjiraH sjxa. ABBan 6ouma 6ochm yHHajiHK KyHjiii 
3Mac 3ah. OM-KyHjiap yTHiHH 6njiaH 6y Ta>KOBy3-Ta3HHiqiap 
KynaiiiiG GopaBepAH. 5- HHjiHHHr ypTajiapnra KejinG yjiap jkhaahh 
Tyc ojiah. MycyjiMOHjiap ynyH MaKKa^a KyH Kypiim acy^a orap 
6yjin6 kojiah. Yjiap 6y anaMjiH a3o6jiapAaH KyTHjiHiii fiyjijiapii 
xaKima Ta(J)aKKyp K;njia 6omjiaAnjiap. MycyjiMOHjiap MaHa myHAaii 
x,ojiaTHH 6ouiJiapnAaH KeHHpaerraH 6np nairrAa x,HacpaT iiyjiiiHii 
TyTiiuira Hinopa k;hjih6 3yMap cypacH ho3iiji Gyrmn. 5KyMjiaAaH 
cypaAa AjuioxHHHr epH Top SMacjinrn 3tjiOH KHjimiaAH. 

1aJ^4 OjiiUaJl i«2ji ^*jj ***>'J 4-Ul ji'jij *li~?- \~>m\ oJla j-S (jiC»^-( ^SjJlU . . . 

(10) ^^-^ js** 

... By ayHeaa hhpohjih aiviaji KHJiraH 30Tjiap ynyH (oxnpaTAa) 
MiipoH.ni (oKiiGaT-acaHHaT) Sopzmp. Ajijiox,HHHr epn KeHranp. 
X,en uiaK-uiy6x,a iiyKKH, ca6p-TOK;aT KHJiryennjiapra aacp- 
MyKO^OTjiapn x,hco6-khto6ch3 Tyjia-TyKHC k;hjih6 Sepmiyp". 

(3yMap:10). 

XaGauincTOHra 6ynraH x,n>KpaT xapirracii 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM X,a6amncTOH 
noAinocH AcxaMa AH-Haacouinii oahji noAino 6yjin6, yHHHr 
MyjiKHAa xen khm 3yjiMjiaHMacjiHrHHH 6njiap SAHJiap. 
MycyjiMOHjiapra y3 AHHjiapHHii c[)HTHajiapAaH ojih6 k;ohh6, 
X,a6auincTOHra x,n>KpaT KHjiHinra 6yiopAHJiap. 

BeuiHHHH hhjihhhx Pa:»ca6 oiiHAa caxpGajiapAaH GyjiraH Ghphhhh 
rypyx, X,a6auincTOHra x,n5KpaT Kiumiijiap. YuiGy rypyx 12 apicaic Ba 
4 aejiAaH TauiKHji TonraH 6yjin6, yjiaprnmr 6ouijihfii Ycmoh h6h 
A(J)(J)oh 3ah. y 6njiaH 6npra xothhh PyKira Ghhth Pocyjiyjuiox, 

151 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

cajijiajuioxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM x,aM x,H»cpaT khjiah. Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM 6y HKKHjiapn x,ai<;HAa uiyHAafi 
AeraHAHjiap: 

aiLuJl ^ tt^jc Jaj] j ajAl_)j] .ixj Jill (JJ « I a ^i J^l& ' **'J< (J J I 1 afrj) 

"Andamma 6y ukkucu H6pox,UM ea Jlym 

anaii^uMyccajioMJiapdaH Keuunzu Ajijio^huhc uy/iuda xpidtcpam 
KfiJizan 6upuHHU oujiadup". 

(3o/iyji Mao/i: 1/24). 

BynapHHHr x,HacpaTjiapH KypaHiiijiHKjiap ce3n6 KOJiMacnHKjiapH 
ynyH TyH KopoHrycuAa xy(J)eHa cyFuproiHG hhk;hui Tap3HAa aManra 
ouiah. Yjiap AeHrH3 tomoh fiyji ojihihh6, HIai>HH6a nopTHra 
GopAHJiap. Myx,oacHpjiapra Tone KynnG 6ok;h6, y epAa 2Ta THacopaT 
KeMacH Tafiep TypraH 3-ah. By hkkh KeMa Myx,oacHpjiapHH 
X,a6auiHCTOH cox,HjiHra 3jith6 KyiiAH. 

BynapHH ce3n6 KOJiraH KypaHiiijiHK Kcxjmpjiap opTjiapnAaH KyBuG, 
AeHrro cox,HjiHra eraG KenAHJiap. JleKHH yjiap AeHric cox,HjiHra 
eraG KenraHHAa, MycyjiMOHjiap ajuiaKanoH 3mhh-3pkhh fiyjira 
hhk;h6 acyHaraH 3AHjiap. MycyjiMOHjiap X,a6amHCTOHAa spicim 
Ha<J)ac ona GouijiaAHjiap. 

(3o^yji Mao/i: 1/24). 
•k it it 



Mywpi/iKJiapHi/iHr MycyjiMOHjiap 6i/maH 6npra ca>K,qa 
KMJiujJiapM Ba Myx,o>KMpjiapHMHr KaMTMiujiapM 

Illy HHjiHHHr PaMa30H OHHAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaibcn Ba 
canjiaM X,apaMra HHKAHjiap. y epAa KypaHiiijiHKjiapflaH acyAa Karra 
acaMoaT HHFHjiraH 3-ah. yjiap opacHAa caMHAJiap Ba pax,6apnap x,aM 
6op sah. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaibcH Ba canjiaM ynapHHHr 
opacHAa TypraH x,ojuiapHAa, ynapra KyptOHAaH HaacM cypacHHH 
yicnG GepAHJiap. By Kcxjmpjiap 6yHAaH aBBan Ajuiox,HHHr KanoMHHH 
suiHTMaraH SAHjiap.HyHKH yjiap 6np Gupnapura BacHHT k;hjihuih6, 
aHTHinraH MaHa 6y: 



152 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

(26) Oj^*5 iiU*J <L3 (j«J(j otjlji tigj ijiSlJ ^ (jjiS^ilt Jllj 

26. Ko(|)iip SyjiraH Kiiivicajiap (Gnp-GHpjiapHra "MyxaMMaA 
THjioBaT KHjiaeiraH BaKTAa) CH3Jiap 6y Kyptoiira KyjioK 

cojiMaHrjiap ea (yHH y3rajiapra xaM siiiHTTHpMacjiHK ynyH 
OFH3JiapHHrH3ra KenraH ranHH) waBpaiiBepiiHrjiap (myHAa) ilioha 
fojihS 6yjicaHrH3Jiap", aeflHjiap. 

(OyccHJiaT: 26). 
Cy3napHAa AaBOM 3TMOKAa SAHJiap. HlyHAaii 6np nairrAa 
TycaTAaH 6y cypa THjioBaT k;hjihhh6, ynapHHHr KyjiOKJiapnra 
Hjioxhh Ma(J)TyHKop cy3Jiap khph6, ynap GyHAaii TatCHpnaH, 
xaiiGaTjiH cy3napHH xaprro 3iiiHTMaraH SAHJiap. By cy3Jiap 
ynapHHHr xHC-TyHFyjiapnra y3 TatCHpHHH yrKa3H6, xaMMa >khm 
KyjiOK cona GouiJiaAH. Ynap 6np GnpjiapHra KHjiraH BacHjrrjiapH 
xaenjiapHAaH KyrapHjiAH. X,en khmhhhf xaennra 6ouiK;a 6np Hapca 
xejiMac 3ah. Ynap uiyHHanap 6epHjiH6 THHrjiap 3AHjiapKH, xaTro 
cypa oxnpjiaG 6opaeTraH nairrAa, ynapHHHr K;aji6jiapH ojrniap 
TatcnpHAaH THrpan 6omjiaAH. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaM cypa oxnpHAarH MaHa 6y ojithh: 

(62) \/&\j aJJ \/jJ?1*& 

62. Bac, CH3Jiap Sjifh3 Ajuiox,ra caman ea nSoaaT KiiiHHrjiap! 

(HaxcM: 62) 
yicnG 6yjin6, caac^a KmiAiijiap. OaTjiapHH 3ihhth6 TypraH GupoH 
khuih y3 Ha(J)CHra srajiHK KiuiojiMaii, xaMMa cajK^ara hh^hjiah. 
fl,apx,aK;HK;aT X,aKHHHr AaxmaTjiii hiiaoch, yHH my KyHrana HCTex30 
Khjih6 KenaeTraH MyTaxaGGnp KiiMcanap KyHrjiHAarH Kn6py- 
xaBOHH chhahphG, napnanaG K>6opraH sah. HlyHHHr ynyH xaM, 
ynap Ajijiox, ynyH cajKAara 6oui KyHHuiAaH y3jiapnHn TyTn6 
TypojiMaAHJiap. 

(Ca^H^H ByxopHfi: 1/146, 1/543). 

Ajijiox, KajiOMHHHHr yjiyrjinrH ynapHHHr aciuiOBjiapii TH3rnHiiHii 

6ypn6 K)6opraHHHH xhc KHjmiiiraH, KyjrrniqiapiiAaH TapBy3Jiapn 

Tyuin6 KeTAii. Yhii fiyK; k;iijih6, MaxB sthui ynyH 6op 

HMKOHiiJiTjiapiiH cap(J)jia6 KenaeTraH HapcaHH y3jiapn coahp 

3TAHJiap. 

Hop aTpo(J)jiapAaH yjiapra ManoMaT Touuiapn ernjia 6ouuiaAH. 
YiiiGy x,OAHcaAa huithpok KmiMaraH MyuipHKjiap ca»Aa 



153 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KHjiraHjiapHH ManoMaT KHna GoiimaAH. IHyHAa ynap Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaMra Hnc6aTaH ?iHa GyxroH Ba ejiroHjiap 
TyicHH GouijiaAH. Ynap MyxaMMaA cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM 
Tai<;AHp KanHMacH GnnaH ynapHHHr caHaivuiapHra mohhjijihk 
GHjiAHpraHHHH, ynapHHHr GyTjiapn xai<;HAa y3JiapH aohmo 
TaxpopjiaG iopaAHraH yui6y: 

- By ojiuu mypnajiap, tua^otamjiapu waKcm yjuud yujiunyp, - 
AeraH ranHH TaxpopjiaAH,- AeAHJiap. Ynap 6y yHAHpMajiapHHH 
IlaHFaMGap ajianxHccajiOM GnnaH GnprajiHicAa ^HjiraH 
caacAanapHAaH y3jiapHHH oigiain ynyH TyKHAHjiap. ByHAan Honox 
HHCOHjiapAaH TauiKHji GyjiraH KaBM^a GyHAan ejiFOH-6yx,TOHjiap 
coahp GyjiHuiHAa aacaGnaHHuira ypHH nyic. HyHKH ynapra GyH^aH 
Honox TyMaT-yHAHpMajiap OAaT GynnG KeTraH. By xa6ap 
X,a6auiHCTOHAarH Myx,oacHpjiapra xaM cthG GopAH. JleKHH ynapra 
cth6 GopraH xa6ap xaKHKaTra GyTyHjian 3ha cypaT^a 3ah. Y 
xaGapAa: 

- J^ypaHinjiHKjiapHHHr xaMManapn Hcjiomhh K;a6yji k;hjih6ah, - 
AenHjiraH sah. YuiGy xa6apAaH KyBOHraH Myx,oacHpjiap my 
HHjiHHHr IIIaBBOJi orama Maxxara KairraG KenAHJiap. Ynap 
Maxxara aKKHjiamnG KonraHjiapHAa HuiHHHr xaKHKaTH ynapra aeH 
GyjiAH. YjiapAaH Ga^HjiapH yiiia OHAaeK X,a6amncTOHra K;aHTH6 
KeTAHjiap. JsOJiraHjiapn sea Maxxara Max(J)HH cypaTAa exn 

KypaHmjIHKJiapAaH 6npOH KHUIHHHHr XHM05ICH OCTHAa KnpAHjiap. 

(H6h X,hhiom: 1/364, 3ojxyn Mao/i: 1/24). 

KeHHH MaKKaAarn MycyjiMOHjiapra KypaHiHjiHKjiap TOMOHHAaH 
GyjiraH 6ajiOK) a3o6jiap KynaHnG xeTAH. MaHa myHAan xpnaTjiapAa 
ynapHHHr ypyr-aHMOiqiapH ypTara TymapAHJiap. 

X,a6amHCTOHHHHr noAmocn HaacomHHHHHr y epAarn 
MycyjiMOHjiapra acyAa jixihh xomhhjihk KHjiaeTraHH xaGapn 
KypaHmjiHKjiapra eraG KenraHHAa, 6y xa6apHH xa3M KHjinmnapH 
acyAa ornp 6yjiAH. 

Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM ynyH y3 acxpGjiapHra 
X,a6amHCTOHra hkkhhhh 6op x,H>KpaT KHjinmra MacnaxaT GepmiiAaH 
y3ra nopajiapn KOJiMaAH. 



154 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Xa6awLiCTOHra mkkmhhm x,n>KpaT 

MycyjiMOHjiap hkkhhhh 6op x,H»cpaT khjihih ynyH xeHr KynaMAa 
TaHeprapjiHK xypa GouiJiaAHJiap. JIckhh 6y ca(J)aprH x,H»cpaT 
aBBanrHCHra KaparaH^a ama ornppoK; GyjiAH. HyHKH 
KypaHuijiHKjiap GyH^aH xa6ap toiihG k,ojih6, ymi fiyic KHjiHiiira 
Kapop KHjiAHjiap. Ajijiox, ynapra x,H»cpaTra hhkh6 kcthihhh Myaccap 
khjiah. KypaHiHjiHKnap ynapHHHr opTHAaH KyBn6 HHK,K,aHHAa, ynap 
ajuiaKanoH X,a6aiiiHCTOH noAmocH HaacouiHHHHHr xy3ypnra eruG 
KenraHAHjiap. By cac[)aprH x,H»cpaTAa, arap Ammop h6h Ecup xaM 
6ynraH Gyjica, 83 khihh, 18 exn 19 Ha(J)ap aennap HHKAHJiap. 
Ammop h6h EcupHHHr x,H»cpaT KHjiraH exn KHjiMaraHH xaKHAa 
uiaKjiH xa6ap 6op. 

(3o/iyjiMao/i:l/24). 

KypaMiiJHMHr Xa6aujncTOH Myx,o>KMpjiapMra Kapwi/i 
KyiiJiaraH Tafl6npjiapn 

MycyjiMOHjiap y3 acoHjiapn Ba AHHjiapn ynyH omohjihk >koh 
TonraHjiapH KypaHiii MympuKjiapHra acy^a ornp GyjiAH. Ynap 
y3JiapHHH KyMraHH >koh TonojiMaH KOJiAHJiap. Ynap HHjiapnAaH 
hkkh ranAOH, GaxpAHp khihhhh TaHjiaAHJiap. Ynap Amp h6h Ocb 
Ba AGAyjmox, h6h A6y PoGHHtajiap GynnG, y nairrAa xajin 
MycyjiMOH GyjiMaraH 3AHjiap. K^ypaHmjiHKjiap 6y hkkhch GnnaH 
6npra HaacouiHH Ba ymiHr ateHjiapHra KHMMaTGaxo coBra- 
canoMjiap K)6opAHJiap. By nKKajiacn capon ateHjiapHra coBranapHH 
eTKa3H6, y epAarn MycyjiMOHjiapHH xaH^aG cojihih ynyH eTapjiH 
6ynraH xy^KacaTjiapHH TafiepjiaG GopnuiraH, coBFanapHH onraH 
capon KeHrauiH at30JiapH ynap GnjiaH xaMManapn HaacouiHHra 
MycyjiMOHjiapHH HeTjiaTHiiiHH MacnaxaT Gepumra KejiHiiinG 
ojimiiflH. YHAaH cyHr 6y hkkh HaMOJiHAa HaacouiHHHHHr 
x,y3ypnra-K;a6yjiHra khpah. ABBan yHra coBFanapHH ToniiiHpHG 
cyHr ran GoinjiaAHJiap: 

- 3h noAmox,HM, CH3HHHr K>pTHHrn3ra 6np K,aHna y3 K,aBMHHHHr 
AHHHAaH aacparaH Ba Ha ch3hh AHHHHrrora KHpMaraH, croy Grora 
TaHHin GyjiMaraH, y3jiapH ynyH smru 6np ahh Hxrapo khjihG onraH 
ai<;jiCH3 euinap kojihG acoHjiaumGAH. YnapHHHr OTajiapn, aMaKHjiapn 
Ba KaBMHHHHr yjiyr KHLUHjiapn 6h3hh CH3ra kdGophuiahkh, ch3 6y 
6e6oimiapHH y3 K,aBMHra KaHTapnG K>6opcaHrH3. YjiapmiHr K,aBM- 



155 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KapHHAOinjiapn ynapAaH Kypa y30KHH KypyBHHpoK,, ynapra afi6 
6ynaAHraH HapcaHH GHjiyBHHpoK Ba ynapHH 6y x,aKAa anGjiaraHjiap. 
AteHjiap 3ca yjiapmiHr ranjiapHHH TacAHigiaG: 

- By hkkhch Tyrpn aiiTaanTH 3h noAmox,HM, ynapHH 6y HKKHcnra 
TacjiHM KHjiHHr. Y3 ropTHra Ba y3 K,aBMjiapHra KaHrapnG ymi ojih6 
kcthihchh,- achhihah. JleKHH HaacouiHH 6y MacanaHH HyicyppoK; 

TeKUIHpHUI Ba X,ap HKKH Tapa(J)HH 3IHHTh6 KypHIHHH JI03HM TOnAH. 

MycyjiMOHjiapHH capofira naKHpTHpnG KejrrapAH. MycyjiMOHjiap 
khmhh onAHAa GyjiMacHH (J)aK;aT x,aK-pocTHH rannpHiiira kojihiiihG 
onraH 3AHjiap. HaacouiHH ynapra K,apa6: 

- By KaHAafi ahhkh, CH3Jiap yHH Ae6 y3 K,aBMHHrH3 AHHHAaH bo3 
KenAHHrH3. Ha MeHHHr Ba Ha 6omK,a 6npoH MHjuiaTHHHr AHHHra 
KHpAHHrH3? - Ae6 caBon khjiah. Bapna MycyjiMOHjiapHHHr HOMHAaH 
^Katcjjap h6h A6y TojihG rannpAH. y uiyHAan ran GoiimaAH: 

- 3h noAinox,, 6H3Jiap 5kox,hjih5it ax,jiHAaH 6yjiraH 6np K,aBM 
GyjinG, caHaMjiapra nGoAaT KHjiapAHK, yjiHMTHKjiapHH epAHK, 

(J)OX,HUia HIHJiapHH KHJiapAHK, KapHHAOUIJIHK pHUITajiapHHH 
y3apAHK, KyHH-KyiHHHJIHK X,aK,KHHH a^O STMaCAHK, 

3ypaBOHjiapHMH3 3aH(J)jiapHMH3HH epAH. Bh3 MaHa uiyHAan eMOH 
x,ojiaTAajiHrHMH3Aa Ajijiox, Taono 6H3Jiapra y3HMH3AaH GynraH 6np 
khuihhh naHraiviGap khjihG k>6opah. Bh3 yHHHr HacaGnHH x,aM, 

pOCTryHJIHrHHH X,aM, OMOHaTAOpjIHrHHH Ba noKH3a hhcoh 

3KaHjiHrHHH x,aM Gnnap sahk. y 6H3JiapHH Ajijiox,hhhf ejiFH3 y3nra 
nGoAaT KHjiMOKKa, AjuioxAaH y3ra y3HMH3 Ba OTa 6o6ojuiapHMH3 
chfhhhG KejiaerraH Touiy GyrjiapHH Tapic STHinra naKHpAH. y 
6H3JiapHH pocT cy3jiauira, OMOHaTAopjiHKica, K,apHHAOin-ypyKHHjiHK 
pHUITajiapHHH THKjiauira , jixihh KymHHHHjiHK KHjiHinra, x,apoM 
Hiujiap Ba k,oh TyKHuiAaH THHHjiHinra GyiopnG, 6h3hh (J)ox,Huia 
HiujiapAaH, ejiFOH rannpHuiAaH, eTHMHHHr mojihhh eHHiimaH, 
noKH3a aejuiapra Tyx,MaT KHjiHiiiAaH KanrapAH. y 6H3JiapHH 
Ajuiox,HHHr ejiFH3 y3HrarHHa nGoAaT khjihG, yHra x,en HapcaHH 
uiepHK KHjiMacjiHKKa, HaM03 yKHMOKKa, 3aKOT 6epMOKK,a, py3a 
TyTHinra GyiopAH Ae6, Hcjiom aMamiapHAaH 6np KaHHacHHH caHa6 
6epAH. Bh3 yHH TacAHK khjih6, hhmoh kcjithpahk Ba Ajuiox,HHHr 
AHHHAaH GyjiraH, 6n3ra ojih6 KenraH HuuiapHAa yHra spraiiiAHK. 
Bh3 Ajuiox,HHHr ejiFH3 y3nra nGoAaT khjihG, yHra x,en khmhh 



156 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

uiepHK KHjiMaAHK. Ajijiox, Grora HHMaHH x,apoM KHjiraH Gyjica, 
uiyHH x,apoM, HHMaHH xanoji KHjiraH 6yjica, uiyHH xanoji p,e6 

6HJIAHK. J^aBMHMH3 6H3ra AyiUMaHJIHK KHJIAHJiap. BH3JiapHH y3 

AHHHMH3AaH KairrapHiii, Ajuiox,HHHr ejiFH3 Y3Hra nGoAaT 
KHjiMOKAaH caHaMjiapra nGoAaT KHjiHiiira KaTapMOKKa Ba Hjirapn 
xanoji Ae6 GnjiraH h(J)jioc Hapcajiapmi ?iHa xanon p,e6 6hjihuihmh3 
ynyH 6h3hh a3o6nap 3AHJiap. BH3Jiapra 3yjiMy-CHraM yTica3H6, 6y 
TaacoBy3-Ta3HHK;jiapHH KynaHTHpnG, 6h3 GnjiaH ahhhmh3 ypTacHHH 
TycMOKHH GyjiraHjiapHAa CH3HHHr K>pTHHrH3ra x,H»cpaT k;hjihk. By 
x,H»cpaT ynyH y3rajiapAaH Kypa CH3HHHr k>pthhfh3hh TaHJiaAHK. 

CH3HHHr X,HMOaHrH3 OCTHAa GyjIMO^HH HCTaAHK. HyHKH CH3HHHr 

xy3ypnHrH3Aa 3yjiM KypMaii auiauiHH yMHA khjiahk, 3h noAinoxHM, 
- Aea y ranHHH TyraTAH. HaacouiHH yHra: 

- Ajijiox, TOMOHHAaH ho3hji 6ynraH HapcaAaH ceH 6miaH 6npra 
6npoH Hapca GopMii? - AeAH. ^Katc^ap yHra: 

-X,a, - Ae6 acaBoG khjiah. 

- Yhh MeHra yKii6 Gepnii! - Aea GyiopAH. Haacouiiiii. ^Katc^ap 
yHra MapjiM cypacHHHHr 6oui ^HCMHAaH y^nG 6epAH. 

THjiOBaTHH 3uiHTaeTraH HaacouiHH Ky3 euuiapHHH ok;h3h6 HHFjiaii 
GouiJiaAH. X,aTTO coKOJUiapn HaM 6yjin6 kctah. Yhhhf i^yji 
ocTHAarnjiap x,aM THjioBaT TatcnpHAaH HHFjiaii GomjiaAHjiap. X,aTro 
KyjuiapHAarn KOF03y KHToGjiapn x,aM x,yn 6yjin6 kctah. HaacouiHH 
yjiapra: 

- By GnjiaH Hiico yHH ojih6 KenraH Hapca 6np MaHGaAaH HHKaAH. 
BopHHr HKKHHrH3 KeTHHr! Ajinoxra KacaMKH, MeH GynapHH 
CH3Jiapra TacjiHM KiuiMaiiMaH! - AeAH. Amp h6h Ocb x,aM, uiepHrn 
x,aM jiom-mhm AeMaii hhkh6 xeTAHjiap. Ynap 6np Hapca AeiiHiiira 
acyptaT KiuiojiMaAHJiap. CapoiiAa HHKHiiiraH Amp h6h Ocb 
A6AyJiJiox,ra: 

- Ajinoxra K,acaMKH, apTara kcjih6 ynap xaKHAa uiyHAaii 6np 
ranHH airraHKH, y 6njiaH 6yjiapHHHr hjiah3hhh KypHraMaH, - AeAH. 
YHra H6h PoGnirba: 

- YHAaii KHjiMa, rapnn ynap 6n3ra MyxojiHCJ) 6yjicajiap-Aa, 
yjiapHHHr xaM K,apHHAom ypyraapn 6op, - AeAH. JleiaiH Amp y3 
(J)HKpHAa Typn6 ojiah. 

3pTacH xyHH Gyjiran, Amp HaacouiHiira: 



157 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- 3h noAinox,, ynap Hhco h6h MapaM xai<;HAa acyAa eMOH ranHH 
rannpaAHJiap, - ji,Qjxa. HaacouiHH Hhco h6h MapaM xa^HAarH 
ynapHHHr (J)HKpjiapHHH Ghjihih ynyH o#aM K>6opH6, yjiapmi 
naKHpTupAH. MycyjiMOHjiap GyH^aH capocHMara TymnG KOHAHJiap. 
JleKHH (J)aK;aT xai<;HH rannpHuira KejiHiiinG ojimiiraH SAHjiap. 
^Katc^ap yHra: 

- Bh3 Hhco h6h MapjiM anaHXHCcajiOM xai<;HAa naHFaM6apHMH3 
ajianxHccajiOM HHMaHH ojihG KenraH 6ynca, rnyHH aHraMH3. y 
Ajuiox,HHHr GaH^acH, yHHHr sjihhch, yHHHr pyxn Ba noKH3a k;h3 
MapjiMra TauinaraH KajiHMacHAHp, - jj,en acaBoG khjiah. HaacouiHH 
epAaH 6np nyriHH ojihG: 

- Ajuioxra KacaMKH, Hhco h6h MapjiM ceH anrraH HapcaAaH MaHa 
my nynna xaM y3rana 3Mac, - p,ep,u. AteHjiap 6np k^jikhG kcthihah. 

- Ajuioxra KacaMKH, yncanapHHr xaM, - p,ep,u ynapra, cyHr 
MycyjiMOHjiapra K;apa6: - EopHHraap, CH3Jiap MeHHHr epHM^a 
030ACH3Jiap. Khmkh CH3JiapHH xaK,opaT KHjica, y 5khho5ithhahp. 
Khmkh CH3JiapHH xaK,opaT KHjica, y >khho5ithhahp. Khmkh CH3JiapHH 
xaKopaT KHjica, y 5khho5ithhahp! MeHra THjuiOAaH GynraH tof 
Gepnnca xaM, CH3JiapAaH 6np KHinnra 03op GepmimH HcraMaHMaH! 
- AeAH. HaacouiHH aTpo(J)HAarHjiapra K,apa6: 

- By HKKOBHHHHr ojihG KenraH xaAflJiapHHH K,aTapH6 GepHHrro! 
ynapHH MeHra xeparn HyX Ajuioxra K,acaMKH, Ajijiox, MeHra 
MyjiKHMHH KanTapnG 6epraH norn^a, MeH^aH nopa onraH 3Mac. 
3hah MeH yHHHr nyjiHAa nopa oncaM. OAaMjiap MeHra HToaT 
STapxaH, MeH xaM yHHHr nyjiHAa ynapra HToaT KHjiaMaH, - mffH- 
yui6y KHecaHH phboat KHjiraH yMMy CanaMa: 

- y hkkhch HaacouiHHHHHr x,y3ypHAaH ojih6 KenraH Hapcajiapn 
y3JiapHra K,aHrapHjiH6, acy^a xyHyx GyjinG hhkh6 KeTAHjiap. 
IIIyHAan khjihG, 6h3 HaacouiHH ropTH^a 3mhh-3pkhh GyjinG, 030A 
auiaAHK, - AenAH. 

(H6h Xhhiom: 1/333-338). 

A3o6jiaiuHMHr KynaMMUJH Pocyjiymio^HM yjiflnpniijra 

6yjiraH ypHHHiu 

MyuipHKjiapHHHr xKHjia-HanpaHrjiapH hui GepMan, Fa3a6jiapH 
KaHHa6 toiiiah. Fa3a6jiapHra HHAaMan yjiHiiuiapHra 03 kojiah. ynap 
6op 3ax,py Fa3a6jiapHHH MaxxaAa KOJiraH MycyjiMOHjiapra cona 



158 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

GouijiaAHjiap. X,aTro Pocyjiyjuiox cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMra 
X,aM eMOHJIHK nyJiHHH Hy3AHjiap. y3JiapHHHHr (JjHKpjiapHHa, 
ynapHHHr Kypna-TymaicjiapiiraHa Knpn6 6opraH c|)HTHaHii njmH3ii 
6miaH fiyK khjihG Tauinaui ynyH Pocyjiyjuiox cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba 
cajinaMHH yrmiipiimra ypHHHiiuiap coahp s-thjiaii. 

MaKKaAa KOJiraH MycyjiMOHjiap acyna 03hiuiiik 6yjin6, ynap x,aM 
6ynca, o6py 3i.th6opjih, eKH 6yjiMaca 6npop KHiHHHHHr x,hmojich 
ocTHAa 6yjiraH KHuiHjiap 3Amiap. HlyHAaii Gyjicana, ynap y 3 

HHMOHJiapHHH MaX(J)HH TyTn6, HMKOHH GopHHa 30JIIIM TOFyTJiapHH 

Ky3Hra KypHHMacjiHKKa xapaicaT KHjiapAmiap. y3JiapnHii uiyHHanap 
sxthct KHjiHiujiapHra KapaMafi, ynap 5Ka6py-3yjiM Ba TypjiH 
03opjiapAaH GyTyHjiafi xojihh 3MacAnjiap. 

Ammo Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,H Ba camiaM ToryTjiapHiiHr 
Ky3 yHrnAa Ajuioxra n6oAaT k;hjih6, HaM03 yKHp Ba Ajinoxra 
Max(J)Hii Ba ouiKop cypaT^a Ayo Kmryp SAHjiap. X,en khm y khihhhh 
GyH^aH TycojiMac Ba mohcbjihk KiuiojiMac sah. Hymen 6y 
AjuioxHHHr pncojiaTHHH TaGjiHF khjihui acyMjiacHAaii 6yjin6, Ajuiox 
y3 naiiFaMGapura hjik 6opa MaHa my oara 6miaH GyiopraH KyHAaH 
6ouiJia6 AaBOM 3tii6 KejiaerraH sjxa. 

94) j-^iii j* jtflj yp ^j, \&>& 

94. Bac, CH3 y3HHrH3ra SyiopnjiraH iiiiihii (5h.hh, X,a^ AHHra 
AatBaT k;hjihihhh) H)3ara HHKapimr Ba MyuipHKjiapaaH 103 
yrnpHHr! 

(XH5Kp:94). 
By GnjiaH MympHKjiapra Pocyjiyjuiox cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajinaMra xoxJiaraH HOMatKyjiHHjinKjiapuHH Ay^op khjihih MyMKHH 
GyjiapAH. 3oxnpaH KaparaH^a, Pocyjiyjuiox cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
camiaM 6miaH ynapHHHr xpxHimiapn ypTacH^a TycuK; 6yjiaAnraH 
xen 6np Hapca iiy^ sah. JleKHH Pocyjiyjuiox cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajinaMHiiHr canoGaT, BHK;opy xaii6aTjiapH Ba A6y Tojin6HiiHr 
XHMoacn Ba yHHHr sxTupoMH 6yHra Syji KyiiMac sjxa. YjiapHUHr 
Kyp^aAnraH Hapcacn xapaicaTjiapHHHHr cmoh OK;H6aTH-io, Baiiy 
X,ouiiimhh y3jiapnra KapiiiH acaMjiaHiiG KOJiHiujiapii sjxa. ByjiapHHHr 
Gapnacn ynap KyHrjiHAarn ncrajiraH Tajia6HHHr acapiiHii xaM 
6epMacAii. HyHKH ynap Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajuioxy ajiafixH Ba 
canjiaMHHHr AatBaTjiapn KapmHCima y3jiapnHHHr 6yTnapacTjmrn 



159 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

Ba ahhhh pax,6apjiHKjiapH hhk;hpo3hhh ce3raH hjik flaMjiapHAaH 
6ouijia6, Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMra aiHHpHHia 
eMOHjiHKHH 6ouijiaraH 3AHjiap. 

CyHHaT Ba cniipaT KHro6jiapHAa phbojit KHjiHHraH xoAHcanap Ba 
Huiopanap ynapHHHr uiy AaBpjiapAa GyjiraHjinrHHH GnjiAHpraH 
BOKetanapAaH Gnpn: KynjiapHHHr Gnpn^a YraPida h6h A6y JIax,a6 
Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr ojiAHjiapnra 
kcjihG, 
MeH: 

(1) (£j* fy j^lllj 
1-. EothS KeTaeTraH H)jifly3ra KacaMKH,...ra ea: 

( 8) J& u3 p 

8. CyHrpa flKHH.iauin6, nacTjiaan... (jh>hh tKh6phji)hh hhkop 
3TaMaH, - AeAH Ba IIaHFaM6ap anaiixHccajiOMra 03op 6epa 
GouiJiaAH. KyHjiaKjiapHHH hhpth6, K>3JiapHra Ty(J)jia6 K>6opAH. 
JleKHH yHHHr Tynyrn Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajinaMHHHr MyGopax K>3Jiapnra eraG GopMaAH. IHyHAa 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM y 6aA6axTHH Ayon6aA 
KiijiAHjiap-Aa: 

dj ys <> lk aJc lL ^i 

- "3u AnnoXfUM, ynu y3 unwapumdan 6yjiean 6up umea 
K^onmupeuH", - AeAHJiap. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr yui6y Ayonapn H>Ko6aT 6yjmn. OpanaH Kyn Bai^r 
yTMaii, YTaiiGa 6np Hena Ha<J)ap KypaiiiiijiHKjiap 6miaH ca<J)apra 
hiikaii. Yjiap IIIom AHepiiHHHr 3api<;o AeraH acoiiHra Kejin6, TyHain 
ynyH y epra Tyiimnjiap. Kenacn ynapHHHr aTpoc[)HAa 6np uiep 
aiuiaHa GouijiaAH. YTaiiGa: 

- Baiiji 6yjicnH, MyxaMMaA MeHH Ayon6aA KHjiraHHAeic, 6y uiep 
MeHH eiiAii. Ajuioxra KacaMKH, MeH IHoMAa GyjicaM^a, MyxaMMaA 
MaKKana Typn6, MeHH yjiAHpAH, - flea 6ouuiaAH THTpa6, KaKinaG. 
IIIepHKjiapH yHH ypTara ojih6, y3Jiapn yHHHr aTpo(J)HAa yxjiauiAH. 
JleKHH uiep TyHHHHr apMH^a xejinG, ynapra xy^KyM k;hjih6, 
YTaiiGaHH KajuiacHHH raacnG TauinaAH. 

(^.ajioHJiHH Hy6yBBaT:2/585, MyxTacapHC-CHiipaT:135). 

yi<;6a h6h A6y My-bairr Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy ajianxn Ba 

camiaM ca>KAa khjihG TypraH nairrjiapHAa oernHH My6opax 

160 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

GyiiiiHjiapiira KyiiiiG niyHnaii KaTTiiK Gocahkii, Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHiiHr Ky3jiapn hiik;ii6 KeTae3Aii. 

(MyxTacapHC-cnnpaT: 135). 

Jsypafiui ToryTjiapH Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHii 
yjiAiipinimii JKy^a x,aM x,ox,jiauiap 3AiiJiap. H6h Hcx,ok; AGnyJinox 
ii6h Amp ii6h OcnaH KiuiraH piiBOflTna: 

Yjiap 6np xyHH XapaMna TynjiaHiiinii6 Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajuioxy 
ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM xaKiina raniipiimiiG yTiipiimap 3 ah: - By 
OAaMHHHr KHjiaeTraH iimjiapiira 6113 xanii x,aM ca6p k;iijiii6 
KenaanMH3. V 6ii3ra acyna k^ttii^ MyciiGaT KejiTiipnii,- ne6 
TypiimraiuiapiiAa, 6npnaH Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba 
canjiaM y3Jiapn Kiipn6 icejiiiG KOJiAiinap. K)pn6 icejiiiG pyKHHii 
ynAiijiap. CyHr KatGaHii TaBocj) Kiina GomjiaAiijiap. TaBO(J)jiapii 
acHociina ynapHiiHr eHjiapiinaH yrap sniijiap. YjiapHiiHr eHjiapiinaH 
yTaeTraHjiapiiAa 6at3ii 6np rannap 6njiaH Macxapa kiijiiiuiah. By 
Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMra Tatciip k;iijiii6, 
K)3Jiapn y3rapAii. YjiapHiiHr ojmiiAaH iikkiihhii 6op yTaeTraHjiapiina 
aHa Macxapa Kiuiiiiimii. By xaM Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba 
canjiaM K>3Jiapiina y3 TatciipiiHii KypcaTAii. Yhhhhh 6op 
yTraHjiapiiAa 5iHa Macxapa Kiuiiiiimii. HlyHna Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijiajuioxy anaiixii Ba canjiaM TyxraAiijiapAa: 

^jjJl Li *SlSa iiJ ' i±u ^nitl ^jJlj Lai o%J^ J^ J U i Vj (Jjxa«jI 

-"3iuumanncu3JiapMU 3ii Kypauui wcaMoacu, okohum Kyiiuda 
6yjiean 3omza qacoMKii, Men cu3/iapea cyuunuuiHU onu6 
KenduM, " - neAHJiap. 

By cy3 KaBMra Tatciip k;iijiii6, >kiim 6yjin6, toui k;otii6 
KOJiAiiJiap. Tye yjiapmiiir Gomjiapiira Kyin KyHraH-y, arap 
KiiMiipjiauica eicii raniipiimca Kym ynii6 KeriiG KOJiaAiiraHneic 3nii. 
YjiapHiiHr 3Hr ainaaaHii Ba Kynojiii xaM, y3iinarii 6op k>mihok;jiiikhii 
iiuira cojiiiG: 

- BopaKOJi 3H A6yn K^ociim, Ajinoxra KacaMKii, ceH xaprii3 acoxiin 
SMaccaH! - p,ep,u. 

3pTacn xyHii xyAAH uiy epna ynap aiia TynjiaHiiuiiiG, 
Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajuioxy anaiixii Ba cajuiaMHiiHr iiuuiapii xaKiina 
ranjiauiiiG TypiimraH Baicrna aiia Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajuioxy anaiixii 
Ba canjiaM Kejin6 KOJiAiinap. XaMManapii acaMjiaiiraH xomiapiina 
xynAH 6np KiiuiiiAeK, IlaiiFaMGap anaiixiiccajiOMra TauuiaHAiijiap- 

161 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Aa, aTpo(J)jiapHHH ypa6 ojiAHjiap. YnapAaH 6hphhh Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHHHr eK,ajiapHAaH onraHHHH KypAHM, 
- AeiiAH AGAyjmox, h6h Amp. CyHr A6y Eaicp Chaahk, yjiapHH 
Tycn6, HHFjiaG ynapra: 

- Po66hm Ajijiox AeraHH ynyH 6np khuihhh yjiAHpacrojiapMH? ! - 
AeflH. CyHr ynap TapK,ajiAHJiap. YuiGy MaH3apa KypaHuuiHKjiapHHHr 
Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMra HHc6aTaH KHjiraH 
MyoManajiapHHHHr 3Hr K,aTTHFH Ba ornpn GynraHAH, - AeiiAH 

AGAyJuiox h6h Amp h6h Oc. 

(H6h Xhhiom: 1/289-90). 
Hmom ByxopHH YpBa h6h 3y6aiipAaH KHjiHHraH pHBOJiTAa myHAaii 
AefiAH: 

- MeH AGAyJuiox h6h Amp h6h OcAaH: - MympHKjiapHHHr 
IlaHFaMGap anaiixHCcajiOMra KHjiraH MyoManajiapHAaH 3Hr Kynon 
Ba KaTTHFH GynraHHHH MeHra airraG Gepnn?! - acahm. y MeHra 
myHAaii acah: 

- KyHjiapHHHr GnpHAa Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM 
KatGaHHHr 6np Tapa(J)HAa HaM03 yKHMOKAa SAHJiap. yK,6a h6h A6y 
Mytairr kcjihG, y khuihhhhf GyiiHHjiapHra khhhmhhh cojihG, 6op 
xyHH GnnaH 6yra GouuiaAH. A6y Baxp Chaahk kcjihG, yHHHr 
ejixacHAaH TopTH-Aa, IlaHFaMGap anaiixHccajiOMAaH ymi nafy khjiah 
Ba: 

- Po66hm Ajijiox, AeraH khuihhh yjiAHpacrojiapMH? ! - acah. 

(CaxHXH ByxopHH: 1/544). 
A6y Baxp Chaahkhhhf kh3h Acmo KHjiraH pHBoaTAa y myHAaii 
AeiiAii: 
Cypaiix A6y BaxpHKHr ojiAHra xejinG: 
- ,H,ycTHHrHH ojiAHra GoprHH,- acah. A6y Baxp Chaahk 6n3HHHr 
0JiAHMH3AaH hhkh6 xeTap 3KaH, yHHHr 4 ypHM cohh 6op 3-ah. A6y 
Baxp Chaahk; ynapHHHr ojiAHra xejinG: 

- Po66hm Ajijiox AeraH khuihhh yjiAHpacrojiapMH? - acah. 
MyuipHKjiap Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajuioxy anaiixii Ba camiaMAaH 

6ypHjin6, A6y Baxp CHAAHK,K,a K>3JiaHHuiAH. CyHr A6y Baxp 6h3hh 
0JiAHMH3ra K,aiiTH6 kcjiah. y 6h3hh ojiAHMH3ra KenraHHAa 
coHjiapHAaH GnpoHTacH xaM KOJiMaraH sah. 

(IHaHX A6/ryjuiox, Haxc/iHH "MyxTacapyc-CHiipaT: 113- 6). 



162 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

XaM3a m6h A6flyjiMyTTOJiii6HiiHr Hcjiom hm Ka6yn 

KMJ1MUJM 

Hcjiom ocmohhhh K;opa Kyji(J)aT Ba aAOBaT GyjiyTjiapn K;onjia6 
TypraH 6np naHT^a, iiyjiHH epHTnG K>6opaAHraH jiihhh hhjit 3tah. 
By HHjiTHjuiaraH HaKMOK Kypaiiiii GaxoAHpjiapHAaH Gnpn, 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajijioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr aMaiaijiapH X,aM3a 
h6h A6AyJiMyrrojiH6HHHr Hcjiom onaMHra Ka^aM KyiiHiiiHAHp. Y 
HyGyBBaTHHHr 6-hhjih oxnpjiapHAa, aHHKpoFH 3yjix,H»oKa oiiHAa 
Hcjiomhh K;a6yji khjiah. YHHHr HcnoMra KejiHiii ca6a6n 
KyHHAarnna kchah: 

KyHjiapHHHr Gnpn^a PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijiajijioxy ajiairxn Ba canjiaM 
Ca<J)OHHHr ojiAHAa sicaHJiHKjiapHAa ojiAHjiapHAaH A6y )KaxJi yTn6 
KOJiAHAa, PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijiajijioxy ajiairxn Ba canjiaMra 03op 6epa 
GouijiaAH. PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijiajijioxy ajiairxn Ba canjiaM cyxyT cai<;jia6 
aciiM TypAiinap. ByHAaH aHHiiiqiaHraH A6y )KaxJi 6np touihii ojih6, 
y GiuiaH PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijiajijioxy ajiairxn Ba canjiaMHii ypn6, 
MyGopax GouijiapiiHii acapoxaTjiaAii. X,aTro GouuiapiiAaH k;oh ok;h6 
hiikah. CyHipa A6y )KaxJi KatGaHiiHr ojiAHAarii 
KypaiiuijiiiKjiapHiiHr Maaoiiicroxiira iiyji ojiah. Y epra 6opn6 
OAaMjiap GiuiaH cyx6aTjiauin6 yTiipAii. 

AG^yJiJiox h6h )KyAi>OHHiiHr 6np nypucii 6yjin6, y BOi^eta coAiip 
GyjiraH naiiTAa Ca(J)OHiiHr TenaciiAarii MacxaHiiAaH TypiiG, 
BOKetaHii Ky3aTii6 TypraH sjxa. Illy naiiT yHra KaMOH Ta^nG, OBAaH 
KairraG KenaeTraH X,aM3a ii6h AGAyJiMyrrojiiiG iiyjiiiK;ii6 kojiah. 
Hypii y3 KypraHjiapiiHii yHra cy3Jia6 6epAH. BoKetHH 3iiiHTraH 
X,aM3aHHHr Fa3a6n acyHGyuira kcjiah. X,aM3a h6h AGAyJiMyrrojiHG 
KypaiiiiijiHKjiapHHHr 3Hr uinacoaTjiH Ba rypypjiH hhfhth sjxa. X,aM3a 
BOAHHAaH hhk;h6, xen KHMra KapaMaii Te3JiHK GnnaH Kat>6a tomoh 
iiyji ojiah. y arap A6y )KaxJi iiyjiHK;H6 KOJiryAex 6ynca raacnG 
K)6opryAeK BaacoxaT 6njiaH X,apaMra laipnG 6opAH-Aa, Tyrpn A6y 
)KaxJiHHHr Tenacnra kcjihG yHra: 

- 3ta Myca4)(J)HpacTa (ycnpoK;), ceH xann MeHHHr >kh5ihhmhh 
xai<;opaT KHjiacaHMH? BaxonaHKH, mch yHHHr AHHHAa GyjicaM,- 
Ae^H-Aa xaMOHH 6njiaH y MajiiyHHHHr 6ouinra ypn6, yHHHr xaGnc 
Gouihhh epAH. 



163 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

A6y )Kax,.jiHHHr K;aBMH GynraH BaHy Max3yMjiHK onaMnap cannnG 
ypHHjiapHAaH TypnHnap. Enp TOMOHna X,aM3a h6h 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6HHHr K;aBMH GynraH BaHy X,ouihm xaM oeiwa 
TypAHjiap. A6y )Kaxn y3 KaBMHnaH GyjiratuiapHH 6och6: 

- A6y AMMopa (X,aM3a)ra TenviaHraap! MeH napxaKHKaT yHHHr 
>kh5ihhhh acyna xyHyx cypaTna xaKopaT KiuiraH 3ahm, - ne6 ynapHH 
TyxTaTAH. 

(H6hXhihom: 1/291-92). 

ABBan 6omna X,aM3aHHHr Hcjiomh rypyp TycJjaiiJiH GynnG, 5tl>hh 
y3 jik;hhh GynraH acHAHHHHHr xaKopaTnaHHiiiHHH xyrapa onMaraHH 
ca6a6 GynraH 6ynca, 6npoK can yTMaii Ajijiox, yHHHr K;an6HHH 
HcjiOMra ohh6 KyHnH-na, y "ypBaTyn BycK;o" - huiohhjih, 
MycTax,KaM xajiK;aHH TyTnH. X,aM3a h6h A6nynMyTronH6HHHr 
Hcjiomh Ty(J)aHjiH MycyjiMOHjiap a3H3 Gynnnnap. 

Yiviap m6h XaTTo6HMHr McnoMra kmpmujm 

Hcjiom ocmohhhh K;opa Kyji(J)aT Ba aAOBaT 6yjiyTjiapH K;onjia6 
TypraH 6np nairrna, nyjiHH epHTnG K>6opanHraH aihhh hkkhhhh 6op 
hhjit 3tah. By HaKMOKHHHr paBuiaHjiHrH aBBajirncHAaH KynjinpoK; 
sail. By KynjiH nai<;MOK; YMap h6h X,aTro6HHHr HcjiOMra khphuih 
GynraH san. Yiviap h6h X,aTro6HHHr Hcjiomhh K;a6yji khjihihh uiy 6- 
HHjiHHHr 3yjix,H5Kaca OHHaa, X,aM3a h6h A6nynMyTronH6HHHr 
HcjiOMra KHpraHHnaH yn KyH yraG connp Gynnn. )KaHo6H 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cannannoxy anaiixn Ba cajuiaM yHHHr HcjiOMra 
KHpHuiHHH cypa6 Annoxra nyo KHjiap sannap. Hmom Thpmh3hh 
H6h YiviapAaH, TaGapoHHH 3ca H6h Mactyn Ba AHac po3H5uuioxy 
aHxynapnaH phboat KHjiraH xanncnapna Pocyjiyjuiox, cannannoxy 
ajiaHx,H a Ba o cajuiaivi: 

i_ilkLSl ^j ysa jl J44 ^L i2Li] C$*jl\ C&& LaL f&H\ jei £+U! 6 
jot. <A\ U^l <!Mj d 1 ^ o 

- "3m Ajijiox,um, my ukku Kumudan — A6y jKox^ euu YMap u6h 
X,ammo6daH — lyiil 6upu cema cywuiiu 6ynca, uiyuucu dunau 
Hcjiomhu a3U3 Kfuizunl" — ne6 nyo KHnraH SAHjiap. CyHr: 

-By UKKUcudan Awioxpa cywwiupozu YMap u6h X,ammo6 6ynu6 
HUK,du, -aeAHjiap. 

Yiviap h6h X,aTro6HHHr Hcjiomhh K;a6yji khjihihh xaKHnarH 
KHjiHHraH pHBoaTjiapHH acaMjiaG ypraHnG HH^Hnran, yHHHr Hcjiomh 



164 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

GocKHHMa Gockhh GyjiraHjinrH Matjiyivi GynaAH. JleKHH xynoca 
acauiAaH aBBan, Yiviap po3H5uuioxy aHxyHHHr xnc-TyHFy 
KeHHHManapHra 6np Hiiiopa k;hjih6 yrainHH jio3hm toiiahk. 

Yiviap h6h X,aTro6 yTKHp TaGHtaTjiH Ba rypypuHHHr KyHjiHjiHrH 
GnjiaH TaHHjiraH OAaivi GynuG, MycyjiMOHjiap yH^aH anBOH 
03opnapHH TaTHraH SAHjiap. YffiiHr hhkh KeHHHManapHra 6npn 
6npnra 3ha TyfiFyjiap »caHr ojih6 6opap 3ah. Enpn OTa 6o6ojiapH 
fiyjira KyMraH yp(J)y-OAaTjiapra GynraH sxTupoiviy s-xTHpocjiapn 
Gyjica, hkkhhhhch MycyjiMOHjiapHHHr MaTOHaTH Ba y3 aKHAajiapn 
fiyjiHAa TypjiH 3yjiMy-CHTaivi Ba GanojiapHH KyTapuG KejiHiHjiapura 
6ynraH a5Ka6jiaHHm 3ah. CyHr 6y maK-myGxajiap yHra xap KaHAaii 
aigijiH hhcoh icaGu thhhjihk 6epMac sah. 

Hcjiom yHra AatBaT STaerraH xap 6np Hapca 6ouiK;a HapcanapAaH 
Kypa noKpoic; Ba yjiyrpoic; 6yjin6 HHKapAH. HlyHHHr ynyH xaivi, 
neuiOHacH ypujiMaryHHHa Ky3H OHHjiiviaHAH, AeiiHiiica KepaK. Yiviap 
po3H5uuioxy aHx,yHHHr Hcjiomhh K,a6yji khjihihh xaKHAarn 
pHBoaTjiap xynocacH KymiAarHHa: 

KyHjiapHHHr 6npnAa Yiviap TyHHH yHHAaH TamK,apHAa 
yTKa3MOK;HH 6yjiH6, X,apaivira kcjiah Ba KatGaHHHr napAacn unura 
6epKHHH6 TypAH. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajijioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaivi 
KejinG, Typw6 Haivio3 yKHMOKHH GomjiaAHjiap. HaM03JiapHAa 
"AjixaaK,K,o" cypacuHH yK,n6 GomjiaAHjiap. Yiviap KyptOHra KyjiOK 
cojih6, 3iiiHTa 6oinjiaAn. YHHHr TatjiH^HAaH >KyAaaM a>Ka6naHAH. 
By xaKHAa yHHHr y3n uiyHAan achah: 

- Y3HM iiHinvma: - Ajuioxra K,acaiviKH, 6y KypaHiHjiHKjiap 
aHTraHHAex uionpAHp, - acahm. IIIyHAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy 
anaHx,H Ba cajuiaivi KyiiHAarH ojrrjiapHu yKHAHjiap: 

ja \jj (40) *j^"Jjij Jjfll h\ (39) 6jj-a^ i uj (38) Ojj^aJ Uj ^S\ is 

(41) c)jl«)i u iJs j&& JjJ^ 

38-39-40. Bac, MeH ciojiap KypaanraH Hapcajiapra x,aM, 
CH3Jiap Kypa ojiMaiiAHraH Hapcajiapra x,aM Kaeaivi HnypiviaHKH, 
y (KyptOH) uiaK-uiy6x,acH3 yjiyr naiiraiviSapHiiHr (Ajijiox, 
Aaprox,HAaH KejirapraH) cy3HAnp! 



165 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

41. y on pan liiniipmnir cy3H 3MacflHp! Ciojiap (yuiGy KyptOH 

Ajuiox,HHHr KanoMH 3KaHjiHrHra) KaMAaH-KaM hhmoh 
KejiTHpypcH3Jiap ! 

- KeiiHH MeH HHHMAa: - Koxhhahp, - acahm. y aHa yKHAH: 

(43) jjJiiii 6j '& tkP (42) hyps u SuS j*i? Jji vj 

42. Ba SnpoH Kox,iiH-<|)o.i6iiHHiiHr cy3H x,aM 3MacflHp. Cn3Jiap 
KaMflaH-KaM naHA-Haciix,aT ojiypcH3Jiap! 

43. (y) 6apna ojiaivuiap IlapBapAHropH TOMOHHflaH ho3hji 

Kii.iiinrari (Khto6ahp). 

"AnxaaKKo" cypacHHH to oxHpHrana THjiOBaT KHJiAHJiap. Illy 
ep^a MeHHHr K,aji6HMra HanoMHHHr hjik ypyrn K,aAanAH- 

(H6h >KaB3HH: "Yiviap h6h XaTTo6HHHr TapHxii": 9-10-6, H6h X,hihom: 346-48) 

yuiGy BOKeta caGaGjiH yiviap h6h X,aTTo6HHHr KanGnra 
HcnoMHHHr hjik ypyrn KaAajiAH. JlyKHH 6y ypyFHHHr >koxhjihh 
xypo(J)OT, KaBMHH TaiqiHG Ba OTa 6o6ojiap ahhh GnnaH (J)axpjiaHHui 
Ka6n K;aTTHK nycTjioigiapH 6op GynnG, 6y nycTjiOKJiap yHHHr K,aji6n 
yHAHpMOKHH GyjiraH xaKHK,aT ypyrH^aH aHna KynjiH sah. yHHHr 
KajiGH TyGnAarn K,aTTHK nycrjiap opacHAa 6epKHHn6 TypraH xhc- 
TyHFyra napBO KHjuviaii, HcnoMra KapiiiH ^khaahjit 6njiaH aMan 

KHJIHIHAa AaBOM 3TAH. 

TaGHaTHHHHr yrKHpjiHrH Ba Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMra 6ynraH aAOBaTHHHHr KynjiHjiHrH Ty(J)aHjiH y 6np KyHH 
khjihhhhh TaKn6, naHFaivi6ap ajiaHx,HccajiOMHH yjiAHpHiu KacAH 
GnjiaH Kynara hhkah. HyjiAa yHra (H6h Hcxpk pHBoaTHra Kypa) 
HatHM h6h AGAyjiJiox, Hhxom AAaBHii eKH (AHac h6h Mojihk 
pHBO^THra Kypa) BaHy 3yxpaAaH GyjiraH 6np khihh eKH (H6h 
A66oc pHBO^THra Kypa) BaHy Max3yivmaH GyjiraH 6np khihh 
iryjiHKH6: 

- Hyji GyjicHH sh yiviap? - p,ep,u. yiviap yHra: 

- MyxaiviiviaAHH yjiAHpiviOKHHiviaH! - Ae6 acaBoG khjiah. 

- Arap ceH yHH yjiAHpcaHr, BaHy X,oiiihm Ba BaHy 3yxpaAaH 
KaHAan khjih6 KyTHjinG KOJiacaH? - acah. 

- CeH xaivi axMoigiHK khjih6, OTa-6o6oHrHH AHHHAaH bo3 KenraH 
KypHHacaH hofh?! - acah yiviap a>Ka6jiaHH6. 



166 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- ByHAaHaM Kypa aacnGpoic; ranHH airraiiMH, 3h yMap? - AeAH y. 
CeHHHr CHHrjiHHr GnjiaH KyeBHHr x,aM ax,MOiqiHK khjihG, ceHHHr 
AHHHHrAaH K)3 yrnpHiiiraH. 

Yiviap Fa3a6jiaHraHHHa, paHrn ynnG CHHrjiHCHHH yiiH tomoh iiyji 
ojiah. YjiapHH onAHra KenraHHAa, X,a66o6 h6h ApaT KyeBH GnjiaH 
CHHrjiHCHra "Tox,a" cypacn e3HjiraH cax,H(J)aHH TatjiHM GepaeTraH 
3AH. X,a66o6 ynapHHHr x,ap HKKHcnra HaBGaTMa HaB6aT KyptoH 
yKHTTHpaeTraH sah. YMapHHHr KejiaeTraHHHH ce3raH X,a66o6 yfira 

GepKHHIlG OJIAH. YMapHHHr CHHrjIHCH OOTHMa cax,H(J)aHH 6epKHTH6 

KyMAH. Yiviap ynra 5iK;HHJiaiiiH6 KOJiraHHAa, X,a66o6HH yjiapra 
J^yptOH yicHTTHpaeTraHHHH annnraH 3 ah. YnapHH ojiAHra KHpran: 

- Cn3HHHr 0JiAHHrH3Aa Ghpobhh ryAparaHHHH sihhtahm. y HHMa 
Hapca 3 ah? - AeAH KyeBH Ba CHHrjiHCHra. 

-y3HMH3HHHr y3apo cyx,6aTHMH3AaH y3ra Hapca 3Mac sah, - 
AeHHuiAH yjiap. 

- HKKOBHHr x,aM AHHHMH3AaH k>3 yrnpraHcaHjiap hofh? - AeAH 
yMap. IIIyHAa KyeBH yHra: 

- Arap x,ai<; ceHHHr AHHHHrAaH 6omK,aAa Gyjica, yHra HHMa AeiicaH 
3H yMap? - AeAH. yMap KyeBHra TamjiaHnG, yHH Tarnra 6och6 6yra 
GouiJiaAH. CnHrjiHCH kcjihG, yHra TamjiaHAH Ba YMapHH spHHHHr 
ycTHAaH TyprH3AH. y CHHrjiHCHHHHr K)3Hra uiananoK; ypn6, 
KOHaraG K)6opAH. H6h Hcx,ok; pHBOflTHAa, K>3Hra ypn6 epn6 KyHAH, 
- AeiiHjiraH. HlyHAa CHHrjiHCH Fa3a6jiaHn6: 

- 3ii yMap, arap x,a^ ceHHHr AHHHHrAa 6yjiMaH,6omK,acHAa Gyjica- 

HH?! 

AUl Jjuij 1i*a-« (2)1 ±$&\ j ajiI VI <U)V <!)! J^uil 
"AnnoXfdaH y3za x,en 6up MWbdyd uyn, ea ajidamma Myx,aMMad 

Yhuhz 3jihucu 3K(iHJiu2U2a zyeox^uu depuMau! - AeAH. 
HoyMHA 6ynraH yMap, CHHrjiHCHHHHr K>3HAarH k,ohhh Kypn6, 

nyuiaiiMOH GyjiAH Ba y3 KiuiMHiiiHAaH yajinG kctah. CyHr yjiapra: 

- y3JiapHHrAarn khtoGhh 6epHHrjiap-HH, mch x,aM 6np yKH6 
xypaii, - AeAH. yHra acaBoGaH chhhihch: 

- CeH x,03np HonoKcaH. ABBan 6opn6 k>bhhh6 Ken! - AeAH. yMap 
6opn6 kdbhhhG kcjiah. CyHr cax,H(J)aHH Kyjinra ojih6, yKHii 
6ouiJiaAH. 



167 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

- BHCMHjijiax,Hp poxMaHup pox,HM. MyHnanap ry3aji, eKHMjiH 
HCMjiap! - AeAH. CyHr y^Mm^a AaBOM stah: 

^3-LS- ji; ^Lj.15 (3) ^~ 5-*^ *if*^ '1 (2) J&*! ^'j^ 1 ^* ^' ^ (1) ^ 
Lij oijuUi (J u iJ (5) iS^\ ji'jUs J& ji^Ji (4) *A*)i oijuUij ^3^i 

(jU ^ij l\ (9) ^^ »LiJl?" iiui 'Jij (8) (.^i^Jt *UI$I a! ja Vi a!) ^ aAJI (7) 
(10) c£j-» j^( (Ji* ^i j! j-4^ ^ *^*H ij^i 13^ ^-~~^ (j! 'j™^ 1 ^i ^^ 

() i$ji> j-dliJl ijjJb dJbM dJLl& *i£-\i dJbj U( (Jj (11) ^^ U Cf}J> l*$ bill 

5*A^J( ^ij jl&li ui *|] ai\ ^ ilji u'i ^j (13) ,^j UJ j**^ dlijs^l litj 

(14) tg/iJ 

1 To,^a. 

2. (3h Myx,aMMaA), Bh3 ciora 6y KyptOHHH Kiiiin;).iiio /Ka(|)0 
HeKHuiHHrH3 ynyH 3Mac; 

3. Ba.iKii (AjinoxAaH) KyPKaflHraH Kiimii.iapra naHfl-HaciixaT 
SyjiCHH ynyH ho3hji kili^iik. 

4. (y) epmi Ba lOKcaK ocMOH.iapHii HpairaH 30t TOMOHHflaH 
H03IIJI KiiniiHraHaiip. 

5. (y 30t) apuira HcraBOB SyjiraH PaxMOHflHp. 

6. OcMOHjiapaarn, epaarn Ba yjiapHHHr opacnflarii xaiviaa 
TynpoK ocTHflarn Sop Hapca Yhhkhahp. 

7. Arap ch3 ouiKopa raimpcaHrH3 xaM (Ba eKH xy(J)eHa 
ranupcaHnc x,aM y 30Tra 6apo6apAHp). 3epo, Y chphh xaM, 3Hr 
iviax{|)iiii HapcajiapHH xaM Smiyp. 

8. Ajuiox,aaH y3ra (xen KaHAaii) TaHrpn HyK. Oai<aT YHimr Yin 
SopflHp. YHHHr ynyH 3Hr ry3aji HCMjiap Sopanp. 

9. (3h Myx^aMMaA), CH3ra Myco xaKHAa xa6ap kciahmh? 

10. 3cjiaHr y (y30K;AaH) 6np o.iobhh KypnS ax,jiH oii.iaciira: 
"(Illy epAa) TypHHrjiap, MeH 6np ojiob KypnS kojiahm, ujohukii 
CH3Jiapra yH/jaH 6npoti nyr o.m6 KejicaM Skh my yT o.iaiiflaH 
6npoH iiyji (KypcaTyBHH) ToncaM", nejiu. 

11. Bac, KanoHKH y (onoBHHHr flKHHHra) Kejiran: "3ii Myco", 
aeraH mmo 3uiHTHjiflH. 



168 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

12. "(3h Myco), MeH ceHHHr napeapaHropHHraHpiviaH. 3hah 
KaByuijiapHHrHH enrHH. HyHKH ceH MyKaAAac TyBO 
BoaHHcnaacaH. 

13. MeH ceHH (naHFaMGapjiHKica) TaHjiaaHM. Bac (y3HHrra) 
H)6opHjiaflHraH Baxiittra KyJiOK; TyT! 

14. ,3,apx,aK;HK;aT, MeH AjuioxAnpiviaH. (X,en KaHAan) hjiox, fiyK;, 
4>aK;aT MeH SopanpiviaH. Bac, ceH MeHrarHHa nSoaaT khji Ba 

MeHH 3HKp Kii.iiiiiJ ynyH HaiviosHH TyKHC aao k;hji! 

(To*o: 1-14). 
CypaHH uiy epnrana yicnG Kejiran: 

- HaKaAap ry3aji, HaKaAap ynyr cy3Jiap 6y! MeHH MyxaMMaAHHHr 
onAHra ojih6 6opHHrjiap!-AeAH. YMapHHHr 6y ranHHH 3iiiHTraH 
X,a66o6: 

- XymxaGap GyncHH sh Yiviap! MeH Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy 
anaHx,H Ba canjiaMHHHr nanuiaHGa OKiiiOMHAa ceHHHr xa^HHrAa 
KHjiraH Ayonapn nacoGaT GyjiAH p,e6 yMHA KHjiaMaH. nanraMGap 
ajiaHx,HccajiOM: 

"3m Ajuiox;um, w*j ///»7»7/ Kumudau — A6y jKax<ii euu YMap u6h 
X,ammo6daH — lyiu 6upu cema cywKiiu 6ynca, mynucu 6ujiuh 
Hchomhu a3U3 Kfuizunl " — Ae6 Ayo KHjiraH SAHjiap, - p,ep,n. 

YMap khjihhhhh ojih6 TaKAH^a, nyjira TyuiAH. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajmaM Ca(J)0 tofh 3TarHAarn xpBjiHAa 
SAHJiap. YMap ApKaMHHHr xpBjiHCHra KennG, sihhkhh TaKHjuiaTAH. 
Bnp khuih kcjihG, 3uihk THpi^HuiHAaH MypanaG, k;hjihh TaKKaH 
YiviapHH xypAH. ,H,apx,oji xaGapHH HHRapHAarnjiapra eTKa3AH. y 
epAarn OAaMjiap capocHMara TyuinG kojihihah. IIIyHAa X,aM3a h6h 
A6Ay JiMyrrojiHG : 

- CH3napra HHMa GyjiAH? - acah. 

- YMap! - AeHHuiAH ynap capocHMaAa. X,aM3a: 

- yHra 3UIHKHH OHHHraap! Arap axuiHjiHK GnnaH xenraH 6ynca, 
yHH axuiHjiHKAaH 6ax,paMaHA KHjiaMH3. Arap cmohjihk HCTa6 
KenraH 6ynca, yHH y3 khjihhh GnnaH yjiAHpaMH3, - acah. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM HHicapHAa 6yjni6, y 
KHiiiHra Bax,HH ho3hji GyjiaerraH sah. yMapra neuiB03 HHKAHjiap-Aa, 
y GnnaH x,yacpa suinrn onAHAa jxy^i KejiAHJiap Ba khjihh TaKaAHraH 



169 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KaMapGaHAH Ba KHiiHMHAaH ymjiaG, cyHr K,aTTHK CHjrraG y3JiapHra 
TopTAHjiap-Aa: 

?ojji-ail (jj ^J^-? U3^ ^° J^ J (_S_>^ O" 11 . ^ J3^ 15-^ _> aC - Ll Ijfrila '"'"I Lai 
<_)llxaJI jjj 3"**-? i^-laVI jc.1 -3 ■■!' ' ■ ll La II (jj^ac. liA a^ill 6 

-" 3u YMap, Ajijiox, cenum x;a%umda x,(im Bwiud u6h Myzuupa 
xfuqada ho3uji Kfinzan a3o6y paceonuKuu ho3uji iguiMoeyHima 
t^auniMaucaHMU? 3u Ajijio^um, 6y YMap u6h X,ammo6dup! 3u 
Ajijiox,um, YMap u6h X,ammo6 6ujiuh Hcjiom.hu a3U3 kjujizuh!" — 

AeAHjiap. niyHAaYMap: 

jil Jj^ij 66<2ljl s j '*' j • ^W V] AJjV jl ^ lSI 

- "AiuioXfdaH y3za x,en 6up Mai>6yd uyn, ea imdamma cu3 Ynum 
3jihucu 3K(iHJiu2umu32a zyeox^uu 6epaMau! - AeAH-Aa MycyjiMOH 
GyjiAH. X,OBjiHAarHjiapHHHr Gapnacn: 

- Annoxy Andap! Annoxy Andap! Awioxy Andap! - Aea TaicGnp 
aiiTAHnap. Ynap TaxGnpHH myHHajiHic KarrHK; aiiTAHjiapKH, x,aTro 
MacacHAAarHjiap x,aM Gymi sniHTAHJiap. 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/343-46, "Tapiixn YMap h6h X,aTTo6": 7-1 1). 

YMap h6h X,aTro6 mhcjich3 Ba3H cox,h6h 3ah. HlyHHHr ynyH x,aM 
yHHHr Hcjiomhh K;a6yji ^HjiraHH MympHKjiap opacHAa Karra ihob- 
uiyB KyTapHjiHuiHra ca6a6 GyjinG, MympHKjiapra x,opjiHiy-3HjuiaT, 
MycyjiMOHjiapra H33aTy-uiapa(J) jihGochhh khhahpah. 

H6h Hcx,OK;HHHr YMap h6h X,aTro6AaH KHjiraH pHBOflTAa y : 

- Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KHjiraHHMAaH cyHr Maxxa ax,jiHHHHr opacHAa 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiix,H Ba cajuiaMra 3Hr Kyn 03op GepraH 
Ba AyuiMaHjiHK KHjiraH OAaMHHHr KHMjinrH x,ai<;HAa yiijiaAHM Ba y 
A6y )Kax,ji sicaHHHH tohahm. YHHHr ynnra 6opn6, AapB03acHHH 
k;ok;ahm. 

- Xyui KejinGcaH! Xym xH3MaT?! - acah y hhk;h6. 

- MeH ceHra y3HMHH Ajijiox, Ba YHHHr Pocyjinra hhmoh 
KejiTHpraHHMHH Ba y khuih ojih6 KenraH HapcajiapHHHr GapnacHHH 
TacAHKJiaraHHMHH 6hjiahph6 KyHHm ynyH kcjiahm, - acahm. Y 
MeHHHr K)3HMra sihhkhh K;apcHjuiaTTH6 enAH-Aa: 

- Y3HHr x,aM, ojih6 KenraH HapcaHr x,aM icypnG kctchh! - Ae6, 
ynnra loipnG kctah. H6h )KaB3HH y3HHHHr "YMap h6h XarroG 
TapnxH" homjih KHToGnAa yHHHr KyiiHAarH cy3JiapHHH KejiTHpraH: 

- BnpoH khuih Hcjiomhh K,a6yji KHjica, OAaMjiap ymi ypTara ojih6 
x,ap Tapa<J)AaH TypTKHjiaG ypap, y x,aM yjiap 6njiaH ypnuiapAH. MeH 

170 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MycyjiMOH GynraHHMAaH KeftnH TOFaM Oc h6h X,HinoMHHHr ojiAHra 
KennG, yHra x,aM MycyjiMOH GynraHHMHH 6hjiahpahm. y HHAaMaii 
yftura loipnG iceTAH. yH^aH xeiiHH KypaiiiiijiHKjiapHHHr yjiyr 
KHuiHjiapHAaH Gnpn -y A6y )Kax,Ji 6ynca xepaic- yHHHr ojiAHra 
6opn6, yHra x,aM MycyjiMOH GynraHHMHH Ghjiahpahm. y x,aM yiiHra 
HHAaMafi loipnG iceTAH. 

H6h Hcx,ok; Hocf)ei>AaH, y H6h yMapAaH icnjiraH pHBOJiTAa H6h 
yMap uiyHAafi achah: 

- yMap h6h X,aTro6 MycyjiMOH 6ynraH, jieiaiH KypaiiiiijiHKjiap 
x,ajiH GyH^aH xaGap TonraHJiapH iiyic, sah. yMap h6h X,aTro6: 

- MaKKa ax,jiHHHHr 3Hr xyn ran icnjiaAHraHH khm? - #e6 cypaAH. 

- )KaMHji h6h MytaMMap 5KyMax,HH, - Ae6 acaBoG ichjihihah. y 
hhichG )KaMHjiHH ojiAHra 6opAH. MeH x,aM y GnjiaH 6npra Gopahm. 
y naHT^a MeH KypraH Ba suiHTraHjiapHMHH hapok 3TaAHraH eni^a 
3Ahm. y )KaMHjiHH yiiHAaH HaiciipnG: 

- 3h 5KaMHji, MeH MycyjiMOH GyjiAHM, - acahm. )KaMHji yHra 6np 
ofh3 cy3 x,aM airmail, MacacHA TOMOHra iiyji ojiah. Bh3 x,aM yHHHr 
opTHAaH Mac>KHAra 6opahk. )KaMHji 6anaHA obo3 GnjiaH: 

- 3h KypaiiiiijiHKjiap, yMap h6h X,aTro6 y3HHHHr Ba OTa- 
6o6onapHHHHr AHHHAaH K)3 yrnpnGAH, - acah. yMap h6h X,aTro6 
yHHHr opKacHAa TypraH KyiiH: 

- Ejifoh aHTaanTH. JleKHH MeH MycyjiMOH GyjiAHM, jtbhh Ajijiox, 
Ba yHHHr Pocyjinra hhmoh KenTHpnG, MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOMHH 
TacAHK; ichjiahm. OAaMjiap yHra TaimiaHnG ypa GoinjiaAHjiap. y x,aM 
OAaMjiapHH ypapAH. Hkkh ypTaAa MynrrjianiyB 6oinjiaHH6, to icy em 
THKKara KejiryHHrana a^bom stah. yMap napnaG yrnpnG kojiah. 
OAaMjiap yHHHr aTpocf)HHH ypa6 Typnmap sah. yMap h6h 
X,aTTo6HHHr sea: 

- X,ox,jiaraHjiapHHrHH iciuiHHrjiap! Ajijiox, HOMHra icacaMKH, arap 
6n3HHHr cohhmh3 300Tara eTraHAa 3 ah, 6h3 6y inaxapHH CH3Jiaprn 
k;ojiahph6 KeTraH 6yjiapAHK eiai aiccHHHa, CH3Jiap yHH 6n3ra 
k;ojiahph6 hhichG KeTraH GyjiapAHHrjiap, - Aep sah. 

(H6h Xh66oh," 3^coh": 9/16, H6h X,hihom: 1/348-49). 
yHAaH KeiiHH MympHKjiap yjiAHpnm MaiccaAHAa yHHHr yiinra 
6octhph6 KejiHiiiAH. ByxopHHHHHr AGAyJiJiox h6h yMapAaH iciuiraH 
pHBO^THAa y myHAaii achah: 



171 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- YMap h6h X,aTro6 yiiHAa icyp^nG TypraH 6np naiiTAa, yHHHr 
onAHra Amp h6h OcHHHr OTacn Oc h6h Bohji Cax,MHH iceiinG 
Kojiah. y Cax,M Ka6HjiacHAaH 6yjin6, GroHHHr 
HTTH(J)OK;HHjiapHMH3AaH GynraH 3ah. Y: 

- CeHra HHMa 6yjiAH, 3h YMap? - p,ep,u. YMap po3H5uuioxy aHxy: 

- K^aBMHHrHH KypMaficaHMH, MycyjiMOH GynraHHM ynyH Memi 
yjiAHpHuiMOKHH GyjiHuiaanTH, - acah. Oc h6h Bohji 

- ByHra MeH iiyji KyHMaiiMaH! - acah Ba Yiviap h6h X,aTro6ra 
omohjihk 6epn6, y3 x,HM05iCHra ojiah. Y TaiiiKapHra hhk;h6, boahh 
Tyjia OAaMjiapra pyn KenAH-Aa: 

- CH3Jiapra iiyji GyjiCHH? - p,e6 cypaAH. 

OTa-6o6ojuiapHMH3 AHHHAaH K)3 yrnpraH Yiviap h6h 
X,aTro6HHKHra, - AeiiHiiiAH ynap. 

- ByHra iiyji MyK;! ! ! - acah Oc. IIIyHAaH cyHr OAaivijiap opTjiapnra 
KaHTHG KeTAHjiap. 

(Ca^H^H Eyxopiin: 1/545). 
H6h Hcx,ok; puBOflTura Kypa: 

- TyeKH OAaivijiap Yiviap pcBHHjijioxy aHxyAaH k>jik;h6 ojiHHraH 
khhhm CHHrapn GyjraG kojihihah, - AeraH na(J)3 GnnaH KenraH. 

(H6hXhhiom: 1/349). 

By MyuipHKjiapra HHc6aTaHAHp, HyHKH Yiviap h6h X,aTro6 
Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KHjiraHHAaH kchhh sracn k;ojiahph6 KeTraH khhhm 
CHHrapn 6yjin6 kojihihah. Ammo MycyjiMOHjiapra HncGaTaH 3ca, 
Myacox,HAHHHr H6h A66ocAaH KHjiraH pHBOJiTAa y uiyHAan achah: 

MeH YMap h6h X,aTro6AaH: 

- OopyK Ae6 HOMjiaHHiiiHHrra HHMa ca6a6 GyjiraH? - Ae6 
cypaAHM. IIIyHAa y: 

- MeH MycyjiMOH GyjiHiiiHMAaH 3 KyH ojiahh X,aM3a h6h 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 MycyjiMOH GyjiraH 3ah, - Aea y y3HHHHr 
MycyjiMOH GyjiHiiiH KnccacHHH k;hjih6 6epAH Ba KHCcacn oxnpHAa, - 
MeH MycyjiMOH GynraHHMAaH kchhh: 

- 3ii Pocyjiajuiox,, 6h3 yncax x,aM, thphk Koncaic x,aM x,ai^ ycTHAa 
3MacMH3MH? - acahm. Pocynyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaibcH Ba camiaM: 

-"jj - *- (jj j jxLo (j) j <3^' ts^ ,*^*'j "■*£ i «'i\ (_5^jIj ' ij^ 

" X,a, okohum Kyuuda dynzau 3omza i^ucomku, cu3Jiap yjicamii3 
x,aM, mupuK 6yjicamu3 x,um x;a%dacii3iiap! " - AeAHJiap. 



172 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- YHAaH 6ynca aiiihphhhG yTHpHiiiHMH3ra He x,oacaT? Ch3hh xa^ 
GnjiaH K)6opraH 3arra K,acaMKH, 6h3 xynara HHK,aMH3, - acahm. Eh3 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH ypTara ojih6, hkkh 
ca(J) GyjinG xynara hhkahk. Enp ca(J)HHHr GouiHAa X,aM3a, hkkhhhh 
ca(J)HHHr 6ouiHAa mch TypapAHK. Eh3 Mac>KHA tomoh iiyji ojiahk. 
MycyjiMOHjiap ca(J)H xyAAH yH TernpMOHH obo3hack obc>3 HHK,apH6 
GopapAH. Enp ca(J)Aa X,aM3a Ba JiHa 6np ca(J)Aa mchh KypraH 
KypaHuijiHKjiapHH myHHajiHK raM-MycnGaT Gocahkh, ynap GyHAaH 
ojiahh xen KanoH GyHnajiHK FaMra GoTMaraH SAHJiap. Illy KyHH 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM MeHra "OopyK" 
homhhh GepAHjiap. 

(H6h >KaB3HH," Yiviap h6h X,aTTo6 TapHxn": 6-7 6). 

AGAyjmox, h6h MactyA po3H5uuioxy aHxy: 

- YMap h6h X,aTro6 MycyjiMOH GynraHHra K,aAap 6h3 Kat6a 
eHHAa HaM03 yKHii onMac 3ahk, - AeiiAH. 

(IIIaHX A6/iyjiJiox, Hax/iira "MyxTacpnc-CHiipaT": 103). 
Cyxaii6 h6h CmiOHAaH KHjiHHraH pHBOjrrra Kypa y: 

- YMap MycyjiMOH GyjiraH KyHAaH 6omjia6 Hcjiom 30xnp GyjinG, 
yHra ohhk; AatBaT KHjiHHa GomjiaHAH. Erojiap Eairryjuiox, aTpo(J)HAa 
xajiK,a GyjinG yTHpaAHraH, EairryjuioxHH TaBOCJ) KHjiaAHraH GyjiAHK. 
Brora KynonnHK KHjiaAHraHjiap KaMaiiAH. Brora KynojuiHK 
KHjiaAHraHjiapra paA acaBoGnHH KHjia onaAHraH GyjiAHK. 

(MyxTacapnc cirfipaT: 103-6). 

KypaPiujjiMKJiapHMHr Pocyjiyjixio* cajuiajuioxy anaMx,n Ba 
carniaM xy3ypnapnra Taujpncj3M 

Hkkh GaxpAHp - X,aM3a h6h A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 Ba YMap h6h 
X,aTro6 MycyjiMOH GyjiraHjiapnAaH kchhh, Hcjiom onaMH 
ocMOHHAarn K;opa Gyjiyrjiap TapK,ajia GouuiaAH. Kocjmpjiap 
MycyjiMOHjiapra 03op Gepmii MacTjinrn Ba KapaxTjinrHAaH 
cecKaHnG, 6np 03 y3jiapnra KejiAHJiap Ba nanraMGap 
ajiaiix,HCcajiOMra Ba MycyjiMOHjiapra KHjiHHaAHraH MyoMana 
ycjiyGnHH y3rapTnpAHjiap. Ynap 6yHHHr ynyH Mypocaio-MyAopa 
ycjiyGnHH Ba xap xhji HCTaK Ba xoxniiijiapHH TaKjiH(J) khjihihhh 
HXTHep KHjiAHjiap. By 6ec[)axM Genopanap Kyem Hypn eTaAHraH 
acoiijiapAarH 6apna Hapcanap AjuioxHHHr ahhh Ba yHra 6ynraH 
AatBaT ojiAHAa 6np namiiiaHHHr K,aHOTHra xaM 6apo6ap 
3MacjinrHHH GnjiMac SAHJiap. Ynap 6y TaA6npjiapH GnjiaH xen 



173 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Hapcara apniiia ojiMaAHJiap. H6h Hcx,ok; il3HA h6h 3aiiAAaH y 
Myx,aMMaA h6h Kat6 Jsypa3HHaaH KHjiraH pHBOjrrna y myHaaii 
AefiAH: 

- KyHjiapHHHr Gnpnaa y3 KaBMHHHHr caiiHHAH GyjiraH yr6a h6h 
Po6HHi.a KypaHuijiHKjiap Ma^KjiHcroxHaa yrapnG, MaaoiHC axJinra 
uiyHAafi acah: 

- 3h K^ypaHin acaMOtacH, MyxaMMaaHHHr ojianra 6opn6, y GnjiaH 
ranjiamcaM-aa, yHra 6np Hena HapcanapHH TaKjiH(J) KHjicaM, 
IH05IAKH y 6y HapcanapAaH GnpoHTacHra KyHca. Eh3 yHra HcraraH 
HapcacHHH 6epaMH3. y 6n3JiapAaH THHHjica, crojiap 6yHra HHMa 

ACHCH3? 

By nairraa Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba caiuiaM MaoraiAAa 
ejiFH3 y3JiapH yrapraH annjiap. yuiGy xoAHca X,aM3a h6h 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KHjiran, Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy 
anaibcH Ba cajuiaMHHHr acxoGnapn To6opa KynaHuG 6opaeTraH 6np 
nairraa pyii 6epAH. ynap yT6ara: 

- 3h A6yn Banna,, Typ 6opn6 rannaui, 6h3 po3HMH3, - neiiHiiiflH. 
yT6a ypHHAaH Typn6, Pocyjiyjinox, cannannoxy anaiixn Ba 
canjiaMHiiHr ojiAiinapiira Gopnn-na, eHjiapiira yTiipiiG: 

- 3ii aciiaHiiM, y3iiHrra MatnyMKii, ceH 6ii3HiiHr opaMH3na x,aM, 
KaGiijia opacnna x,aM Hacn-Haca6na ojiiih MapTaGara aracaH. CeH y3 
KaBMHHr Goiimra acanajiM Karra 6np huihh ojih6 KennHHr. By GnnaH 
ceH ynapHHHr GnpjiHrHHH 6y3nHHr, npHonapHHH axMOK^a 
HHK;apAHHr, ojiHx,ajiapH Ba nHHnapHHH aiiGnaAHHr. yrraH OTa- 
GoGojiapHHH KO(J)Hpra HHK;apAHHr. TanjiapHMra AHiwaT GnnaH KynoK 
con! MeH ceHra 6np Hena HinjiapHH TaBCira KHjiaMaH. yjiap xa^Hna 
6np Ta(J)aKKyp k;hjih6 Kyp. 3x,thmoji, ynapnaH GnpoHTacH ceHra 
MatKyn 6yjin6 yHH K;a6yji KHjicaHr, - nenH. IHyHna Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijiajinoxy anaiixn Ba canjiaM: 

i £juji\ aJjII LI L Jl 

"Aiim 3U A6yn Bimud, KynozuM cenda! " - nenHnap. 

- 3ii acnaHHM, - nea ran GomnanH yT6a. - Arap ceH y3HHr GnnaH 
yHH ojih6 KenraH HiiinaH Mon-nyHe optthphuihh Mai<;caA KHjiraH 
GyjicaHr, 6h3 ceHra Mon-nyHe hhfh6 6epaMH3, tokh 6n3HHHr 
HHHMH3Aa 3Hr 6oH-6anaBnaT onaivi ceH 6ynacaH. Arap ceH y GnnaH 
caiiHHAJiHKHH Ky3jiaraH GyncaHr, 6h3 ceHH y3HMH3ra caiiHHA k;hjih6 



174 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

onaMH3Aa, GiipoH hihhh cchch3 xan K;HjiMaiiMH3. Arap ceH 6y GnnaH 
noAinox, GyjiMOiqiHKHH HcracaHr, 6h3 ceHH y3HMH3ra noAinox, 
Khjih6 cafijiaG 0JiaMH3. Arap ceHra kcjih6 KypHHaerraH Hapca 5khh 
6yjiH6, yHH Aa(J) KHJiHiima o>kh3jihk KHJiaeTraH GyncaHr, 6h3 ceHH 
xap Kama MOJi-flyHe xeTca x,aM, yHH cap<J)jia6 AaBOJiaTaMH3. rox,o 
6np OAaMra >khh HjiauiHG, to AaBOJiaHMaryHia yHra thhhjihk 
6epMaHAH, - Ae6 ranHHH TaMOMjiaAH. Pocyjiyjmox cajuiajuioxy 
anaHx,H Ba cajuiaM yr6a ranHHH TaMOMjiaryHHna yHHHr ranHHH 
GyjiMan, KyjiOK cojihG TypAHJiap. yr6a ran^aH TyxraraH, 
Pocyjiyjmox cajuiajuioxy ajianxn Ba cajuiaM: 

- "Fanum myeaduMU 3u A6y/i Bajiud?" - AeAHJiap. 

- X,a, - AeAH yr6a. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiairxn Ba camiaM 
yHra: 

—3ndu Mendan 3iuum!- AeAHJiap Ba KyptOH THjiOBaT KHjia 
GouijiaAHjiap. 

<f Fb©J2,0"©T«^^A- 

(3) bjjJju jyiJ t& UTjJ a5\jT cj£a3 olaT^) *-^l lT^ 1 & ckP (1) (**" 

(5) 6jJui* Uij J^*i3 O^r ^hj ^jjrf j^i J^i ^'^ t5?i 

MexpnSoH Ba paxMjm Ajijiox homh Sii.iaH (GouijiaiiMaH). 

1 . ^a, Mhm. 

2. (YuiGy KyptOH) iviexpn6oH Ba paxMjm (Ajijiox,) TOMOHH/jaH 
H03IIJ1 kii JiHHraHAiip. 

3-4. y Sii.iaaiiraH k^bm ynyH (MyMHHjiapra) xyin-xa6ap 
SepryBHH Ba (KO(J)HpjiapHH a3o6AaH) oroxJiaHTHpryBHH - apa6nii 
KyptOH xojiHfla (ho3hji k;hjihhh6), OHTjiapn My<J)accaji 6aeH 
Kii.iiiiiraii KnToSflnp. Bac, (KOfJmpjiapHHHr) Kynjiapn (yHHHr 
OJiTjiapn xa^H^a Ta(J)aKKyp KHJiHiimaH) 103 yrnp^Hjiap, aeiviaK yjiap 

"3UIHTMaCJiap". 

5. Yjiap aeflHjiap: ",3,iijijiapHMH3 ceH 6ii3Jiapmi aatBaT 
KHjiaeTraH HapcaaaH nap/iajiaiiraii, KyJioKyiapHMiofla 3ca 
OFHpjiHK-KapjiHK Qopaiip Ba ceH Sii.iaH Qin.iapHiiHr ypTaMH3fla 



175 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

6np TycHK 6opanp. Bac, ceH x,aM y3 aiviajiHHrHH KH.iaBep, 
6n3Jiap x,aM ajiSaTTa y3 aiviajijiapHMH3HH KHJiryBHHflHpiviio". 

(OyccHJiaT:l-5). 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM cypami yKHiiiAa 
AaBOM 3TAHjiap. K^yptOH ojroiapHHH animraH YrGa hkkh KyJiHHH 
opKacHra khjihG TaaHnG onflH-Aa, >khm KyjiOK; cojihG Typ^H. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM (38-) cawia ojrraraHa 
yKn6 6opAHjiapAa, cawia KHjiAHjiap. Ca^aAaH 6oui KyTapran: 

"Mana 3iuumdum 3ii A6yji Bwiud. Eac cen ea yuia"- AeAiuiap. 
Yr6a ypHH^aH Typn6, mepHKjiapH onAHra kcjiah. YnapAaH 
6at3HjiapH: 

- HHMa ran, 3fi A6yn BajiHA? - Ae6 cypaAH. 

- Tan uiyKH, MeH uiyHAafi 6np cy3JiapHH sihhtahmkh, yHaK,acHHH 
xen suiHTMaraH 3ahm. Ajinoxra KacaMKH y Ha metp, Ha cexp, Ha 
(poji6HHJiapHH cy3H 3Mac. 3h KypaHinjiHKjiap, MeHHHr ranHMra 
KyjiOK; cojiHHrnap. Yhh MeHra KyiinG 6epHHrnap! yHHHr Hyjinra 
TycKHHjiHK KHjiMafi, y3 xpnnra Tauuia6 KyHHHrnap! MeH yH^aH 
suiHTraH rannapAa KejiaacaK ynyH 6yK)K GamopaT 6op. Arap 
apaGnap yHra fojihG Gynca, CH3Jiap yH^aH y3rajiap KyJiH 6HjiaH 
yH^aH K;yTyjiacH3. Arap apaGnapAaH y fojihG Gynca, yHHHr MyjiKH 

CH3HHHr MyjIKHHrH3, yHHHr H33aTH CH3HHHr H33aTHHrH3 GyjfflG, CH3 

OAaMjiapHHHr GaxTjincH Gyjiacro! - jxqjxm. 

- Ajinoxra K,acaMKH, y ceHH thjih GnnaH cexpnaG KynnGAH, - 
AeAHJiap. YrGa ynapra: 

- By MeHHHr (pHKpHM XOJIOC, CH3Jiap y3 6HJiraHHHrH3HH 

KHjiHHrnap! - AeAH. 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/293-94, Ta6apoHHH "MytxcaMHC carnp" 1/265) 
EomK,a 6np pHBOJmiapAa sea: 

YrGa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM THjioBaT 
KHjiaeTraHjiapHAa hkkh KyJiHHH opKacnra khjihG TajfflnG, KynoK 
cojihG TypAH. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM to 13- 
oaTHrana yKHAHJiap. 

(13) Sj^jj i\s- ~&s*Cp Jiw *1pU* iJCIjJil £jju (jSjpi (l)ls 

13. Bac, arap yjiap (atHH MaKKa MympHKjiapH MaHa uiy 
TaipCHjioTAaH KenHH xaM ejiFH3 Ajinoxra hhmoh KejiTHpnuiAaH) 103 



176 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

yrnpcajiap, y xojifla airnmr: "MeH cmjiapmi xyflflH On Ba 
Caiviya (i<;a6iijiajiapiiHii ypraii) MaKMOKKa yxuiaraH 6np HaKMOK- 
xajioicaTflaH orox,jiaHTHpflHM". 

(OyccHJiaT: 13). 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM uiy acofira 
eTraHjiapHAa YT6a: 

- Bac, 6ac eTaAii! - Aea y KiimiiHiiHr OFii3Jiapnra KyjiiiHii KyiiflH. 
By yHHHr orox,jiaHTiipjiaeTraH 6ajio Kejin6 KOJiimiiiAaH 
KypiwaHjiHrHra AanojiaT sah. CyHr ypiniAaH Typn6 KaBMiiHiiHr 
onAHra 6opAH Ba K>K;opiiAarii ranjiapHii aiiTAii. 

(H6h Kaciip:4/95-96). 

KypaMiiJHMHr pax,6apnapn Pocyjiyjixio* 6miaH My30Kapa 

oni/16 6opaflMJiap 

TyeKH IIaHFaM6ap ajiaibciiccajiOMHiiHr YrGa caBOJuiapiira GepraH 
acaBoGjiapn 6njiaH KypamiijiiiKjiapHiiHr yMiiAJiapii y3iuiMaraHAeK 
3AH. Hymen Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM yHra KaGyji 
eicii paA acaBoGiiHii aHiiK airmail, KyptOH 05rrjiapiiHii yi<;ii6 
GepraHAHjiap. JleiciiH yrGa acaBoGini TyjniK TyuiyHMafi K;airrii6 
xeTraHAH. Kypaiim pax,6apjiapn acaMjiainiG, MacbanaHii x,ap 
TOMOHjiaMa (J)HKpjiauiH6, MaBK;Hc[)HH nyicyp ypraHii6 GyjiiimraH, 6np 
xyHH Kyein GoTrainiAaH KeiiiiH KatGainiHr opKaciira TynjiaHiiiiiAii. 
IlaHFaMGap ajiaibciiccajiOMra OAaM K>6opn6 HaKiipTiipAiuiap. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM 5ixiiiiijiiik yMiiAiwa Te3 
eriiG KenAHJiap. Kejin6 yjiapHimr ojiAiira yTiipAiuiap. 
YTHpraHjiapHAaH cyHr ynap aiiHH YTGaHHHr ran Ba TaicjiHc[)jiapHHH 
afiTAHjiap. Ynap, 6y TaKjiH(J)jiapHH YT6a aihraHfla Myx,aMMaA 
ynapHHHr >khaahh SKaHjiHrnra miiOHMaraH, 3hah 6y TaKjiH(J)jiapHH 
KynHHjiHK 6yjra6 airrcaK, y nmoHaAH Ba K;a6yji KHjiaAH, - p,e6 
yHjiauiraHAH. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba camiaM yjiapra 
uiyHAaii acaBoG KiuiAiijiap: 

lilLttjIV j taSji L-ijJuJlYj Ci^llj^l L-liLl Aj -^'^ LaJ -'C'i'i-v La tjjjjjilj LaJJ La 
' -13 aSJaa j$2 Aj -^"''-v La ^^La IjljSi jjli ls£! '**«->■ ■ clJ j '^jJJ dlVL^J -^*»'«« '^JJ^J 



177 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ?j3±*3l dfe±j]l 

- "Menda cu3Jiap aumaemean uapca iiyK,. Men ynu ojiu6 Keman 

HCipCOM 6wi(lH CU3JiapHUH2 MOJl-dyHeJl(ipUH2U3HU CypaMdUMdH, 

cu3JiapHum opammdazu o6py-uiapaip x,om, cu3Jiapuum 
ycmumu3za nodmoxjiuK x,om Mema uepau 3Mac. JleKUH Ajijiox, 
Menu cu3/iapea 3jihu k,ujiu6 w6opu6, Mema Kumo6 ho3uji KfiJidu. 
Menu cu3Jiap ynyu xymxadap depyenu ea ozoxjiaumupyeHU 
6yjiuiuuMHU 6ywpdu. Men cu3Jiapea Po66umhuh2 Pucojiamuuu 
entK03duM ea cu3Jiapea uacux^am KfiJiduM. Aeap cu3Jiap Men ynu 
onu6 Kejiean napcoMHU K,a6yji KfiJicamu3, y3umu3uu dyne ea 
oxupamdazu 6axmumu3. Aeap ynu Mema pad 3mcamu3, Ajijiox, 
uum ynyn, mo Ajijiox. Men 6ujiuh cu3uum opamusda xyKM 
KfiJizynmaHa ca6p KfiJiaMan " 

3hah KypaHiHjiHKnap 6ouiK;a fiyjira yTAHjiap. Ynap IlaHFaMGap 
anaibcHCcajiOMAaH PoGGmiapura Ayo k;hjih6, TOFjiapHH y3jiapHAaH 
Hapura 5khjiahphuihhh, AHepnapuHH tckhcjimk k;hjih6 GepumnHH Ba 
ynapAaH aHxppjiapHH ok;h3h6 KyHHiiiHHH cypaiimn Tana6 KHjiAHjiap. 
yjiHKjiapHH xoccaTaH Kycaii h6h KhjioGhh thphjithphG GepmiiHHH 
cypaAHJiap. Arap yjimcjiap rapminG MyxaMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH 
TacAHK; KHjiHinca, hhmoh KejiTHpHiujiapHHH aHTHuiAH. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM ynapHHHr 6y TanaGjiapura xaM 
xyAAH K)K;opHAarH icaGu acaBoG KHjiAanap. 

3hah ynap ynHHHH fiyjira yTAroiap. IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HccajiOMAaH PoGGmiapura Ayo k;hjih6, y3JiapHHH TacAHKJiain 
ynyH 6np (JjapHiirraHH k>6ophihhhh cypamjiapuHH TanaG KHjiAanap. 
HlyHAa ynap 6y (JjapniiiTara IlaHFaMGap ajiaftxHccajiOM xai<;HAa 
MypoacaaT KHjiaAHJiap. iltra PoGGmiapn y KHmura Gory-poFjiap, 
ojiTHH-KyMyui xa3HHajiap Ba Kacpnap 6apno k;hjih6 GepcuH. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaibcii Ba camiaM 6y TanaGra xaM aiiHii 
uiyHAafi acaBoG KiuiAiijiap. By xaM GyjiMaran, ynap TypTiiHHii iiyjira 
yTAHjiap-Aa, IlaiiFaMGap ajiaibciiccajiOMAaH a3o6Hii TanaG kiijiiiihaii. 
y3JiapH ynapra BatiiiiA (nyniica) KiuiaeTraHii Ka6n ocmohhii 
ynapHHHr ycriira 6yjiaK-6yjiaic k;iijiii6 KynaTMOFiiHii Tajia6 
KHjiAHjiap. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM ynapra: 



178 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- "Ey AnjioXfHum y3uza x,aeoiia, azap xpxjiaca Kyuamadu ", - #e6 

acaBoG KHjiAHjiap. KeftnH ynap Pocyjryjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaMra: 

- CeHHHr Po66HHr GrojiapHH ceH GnnaH 6npra MaaoiHC 
k;hjihiiihmh3hh, ceHAaH 6y HapcanapHH TanaG k;hjihuihmh3hh xaM 
GnnapMHAH? Bh3 MypoacaaT KHjiaAHraH HapcanapHH ceHra 
6hjiahph6 KyMca, arap 6h3 ceHH aHiraHHHrHH K;a6yji KHjiMacax, y 
6h3hh HHMa khjihuihhh GhjiahphG Kyiica GyjiMacMHAH? - AeAHJiap. 
Ynap oxnpH KennG, Pocyjryjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaMra 
acy^a KarrHK; TaxAHA k;hjihihh6: 

- Ammo 6hjih6 KyiiKH, 6n3ra HHMa KHjicaHr xaM, 6h3 ceHH y3 
x,ojiHHrra TauuiaG KyHMaHMH3. Tokh 6h3 ceHH xajiOK k;hjih6 exn ceH 
6h3hh x,ajiOK KHjiMaryHHHrna ceHH thhh KyHMaHMH3. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM ypmuiapHAaH TypnG, acy^a xaM x,a(J)a 
6ynraH Ba yMHA KHjiraH Hapcajiapn GyjmaraHHra a(J)cyc KHjiraH 
xojuiapHAa yHjiapnra KairraG KeTAHJiap. 

A6y >KaviHMHr Pocyjiyjuio^HM yjiflnpnujra Kacfl khjimujm 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM Ma>KjiHcroxAaH 
KeTraHjiapHAaH xeHHH, A6y )Kax,ji ynapra xhtoG k;hjih6 
MyTaKa66npoHa oxaHrAa: 

- 3h Kypaiiiii acaMOtacn, icypnG TypraHHHrH3Aeic, MyxaMMaA 
ranjiapHMH3ra KyHMaAH. BajiKH ahhhmh3hh aiiGnaG, OTa- 
6o6ojuiapHMH3HH xaKopaT khjiah. V3hmh3hh axMOKKa HHK;apH6, 
ojiHx,ajiapHMH3HH cyK^H. MeH Ajuioxra axA 6epn6 airraMaHKH, 
y3HM Kyrapa ojiaAHraH 6np Karra toiiihh ojih6, nonjiaG TypaMaH, 
HaM03 yKH6, caacAara 6oui KyiiraH HOFHAa my toui GnnaH yHHHr 
Gouihhh nanaiqiaHMaH. YHAaH KeiiiiH MeHH xpx,jiacaHrjiap xhmoji 
KHjiHHraap, x,ox,jiacaHrjiap BaHy A6AyMaHO(J)ra TacjiHM KiuiiiHrjiap! 
Ynap MeHra HiicGaTaH GiuiraiuiapiiHii khjichh! - ReRii. - Bh3 ceHH 
xen KanoH, xen Hapca 3Ba3iira TacjiHM K;iuiMaiiMii3. Bop, 
xoxiiaraHHHrHH k;iiji! - Ae6 acaBoG KiuiAiuiap. 

3pTacH xyHH 3pTa TOHrAa A6y )Kax,ji y3ii aihraHiiAeK touihh 
ojiiiG, Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHii KyriiG TypAH. 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM OAaTjiapHra icypa 3pTa 
TOHrAa MacacHAra KejiAiinap Ba HaM03 yKiiii GomjiaAiuiap. 
KypaiiiiijiiiKjiap xaM 3pTa TOHrAa Ma>Kjiiicrox,jiapiira Kejin6, A6y 



179 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

}Kax,ji HHMa KHjiapKHH, Aea KyTH6 yTHpnuiap 3-ah. Pocyjiyjinox 
cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM caacAara 6oui KyiiraH naiiTAa, A6y 
}Kax,ji touihh KyrapnG Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM 
TOMOHra nyji ojiah. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMra 
aKHHjiauiHG KOJiraHHAa GnpAaH paHrn ynnG, KypicyBAaH Tmpa6, 
oprara neKHHAH. YHHHr Kyjuiapn touihh ymnaraH xpjiAa, Kypn6 
k;ojiah. X,aTTO y KyjiHAarn touihh TauinaAH. JsypaiiuijiHKjiap yHHHr 
onAHra kcjihG: 

- CeHra HHMa 6y\rmn, 3 H A6yn X,axaM? - AeAHJiap. 

- CH3Jiapra Kenarn aihraH ranHMHH khjimokhh 6yjin6, yHra 
tomoh K>praHAHM. YHra jiKHHjiamraH HOFHMAa yHHHr ojiAHAa MeHra 
6np apxax Tya iryjiHKAH. Ajuioxra KacaMKH, y TyaHHHr Kajuiacnra 
yxuiaraH KamiaHH, yHHHr acacaAHra yxuiaui raBAaHH Ba THuinapHra 
yxuiaui THuinapHH xen KypraH 3MacAHM. y MeHH ennuira HOFjiaHAH, 
- AeAH A6y }Kax,ji ynapra. 

H6h Hcxok: 

— MeHra Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr MaHa 
6y: 

"y jKudpun cmauXfUcccmoM adu. Aeap y Memo, 
nnfiHiiauizaHuda, yuu e6, zaotcuft maumazaH 6ynap adu, " - AeraH 
rannapHHH scnaTHuiAH, - AeiiAH. 

(H6h Xhhiom: 1/298-299). 

KejiMiijyB Ba paAqManap 

K^ypaiiuijiHKjiap y3jiapHHHHr xyn nuuiaTHui, TaxAHA ktuihui, 
KypKiiTHui Ba parGaTjiaHTHpHui KaGnjiapra acocnaHraH 
My30KapajiapHAaH Ba A6y )Kax,jiHHHr k;hjih6 KyiiraH eHrHjrraKjiHrH- 
K), cytHKacAHAaH HaTHaca HHK,MaraHHHH KypraH, ynapAa 6y 
MyuixyjiOTAaH KyTK,apaAHraH ok,hjiohh 6np eHHMra apnuinui HCTarn 
yiiFOHHG kojiah. yjiap Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMHH aHHK; GorajiAa p,e6 >Ka3MaH airra ojiMac 3AHJiap, GajiKH 
Ajijiox, TaonoHHHr aiiTraHHAeK: 

.^~-jy> <Lw iiL& (efiJ 

... x,aM yHAaH (y3 KHToGnapHAaH) uiaK-uiy6x,aAaAiipjiap. 

(IHypo: 14-OHTH/iaH). 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

yjiapHHHr 6y HcraKjiapH: nanraMGap ajiaibcHccajiOM GnnaH ahh 
HuinapHAa KejiHinyB-My30KapacH 6yjiH6, y 6nnaH HyjiHHHr apMH^a 
ynpauiAHJiapAa, y3jiapHHHHr 6at3H 6np aKHAanapHAaH bo3 
KenaAHjiap IlaHFaMGap ajiaihcuccajiOMAaH x,aM Ga^H 6np 
HapcanapHH Tapic khjihihhh TanaG KHjiaAHJiap. Yjiap uiy fiyji GnjiaH 
arap Myx,aMMaA cajijiajuioxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM yjiapHH AatBaT 
KHjiaeTraH Hapca x,ai^ Gyjica x,aK,K,a x,aM sphihmokhh 6yjiAHjiap. 

H6h Hcx,ok; y3 caHaAH GnnaH KHjiraH pHBO^TAa y inyHAafi achah: 

- IlaHFaMGap anaibcHccajiOM KatGaHH TaBO(J) KHjiaihraH 
HOFjiapHAa AcBaA h6h MyrrojiHG h6h Aca# h6h A6AyJiy330, BajiHA 
h6h MyFHfipa, YMafia h6h XanatJ) Ba Oc h6h Bohji Cax,MHHjiap 
HyjiHKAHjiap. ByjiapHHHr GapnanapH y3 K,aBMHHHHr caMnAJiapH 
SAHjiap. Yjiap IlaHFaMGap ajiaibcuccajiOMra: 

- 3h Myx,aMMaA, Ken 6h3 x,aM ceH n6oAaT KHjiaAHraH Hapcara 
H6oAaT KHjiapijiHK, ceH x,aM 6h3hhhf ojiHx,ajiapHMH3ra nGoAaT khji. 
CeH GnjiaH 6h3 KHjiaAHraH HiujiapHMH3HH uiepHKjiHK GnnaH 
KHjiaHjiHK. Arap ceH nGoAaT KHjiaAHraH Hapca, 6h3 nGoAaT 
KHjiaAHraH HapcanaH x,aK, 6yjica, 6h3 x,aM yH^aH y3 yjiyuiHMH3HH 
onraH 6yjiaMH3. Arap 6h3hh H6oAaTjiapHMH3 ceHHKHAaH Kypa 
x,aiq)OK 6ynca, ceH x. aM x,aK£aH y3 ynyuiHHrHH onraH GynacaH, - 
AeAHJiap. Ajijiox, cy6x,aHaxy Ba Taono yjiapHHHr 6y rannapHra 
acaBoG khjihG, KaiJmpyH cypacHHH ho3hji khjiah. 

U( ij (3) J-JM \J> b/x>\£ ilK ij (2) 6jJ4*^ Li ^5 i (1) 6jj3l£li \$ u ji 

(6) Jii (X3 '{**& °{J3 (5) J&\ Li JjllP fXJt Sfj (4) |^i^ u 1> 

1. (3h Myx,aMMaA), aiiTHHr: "3h KO(|)np.nap! 

2. MeH CH3Jiap nSoflaT KHJiaeiraH Hapcajiapra nSoaaT 
KHjiMaciviaH. 

3. Ba CH3Jiap x,aM MeH nSoaaT Kii.nafliiraH (Ajuiox,)ra nSoaaT 

KHJiryBHH 3MaCflHpCH3Jiap. 

4. MeH CH3Jiap nSoflaT KHJiraH Hapcara nSoflaT KHJiryBHH 
3MaciviaH. 

5. Ba CH3Jiap x,aM MeH nSoaaT Kii.nafliiraH (Ajuiox,)ra nSoaaT 

KHJiryBHH 3MaCflHpCH3Jiap. 



181 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

6. CiojiapHHHr ahhiihtib y 3 JiapHHrH3 ynyH, MeHHHr hiiiiiim 
y3HM yHyHflnp!" 

A6a h6h X,yMaHA Ba 6oiiiK;a poBniuiap H6h A66ocAaH KmiraH 
pHBoaTAa: 

KypaiiuuiUKJiap Pocyjiyjuioy cannajuio^y ajiaii^u ea cajuiciMza: 
- Azap ceH 6u3huhz onuj,anapuMU3HU yncauz, 6u3 cemmz 
HjioyiiHZza udodam %iuiaMU3, - deimuidu. fflyuda Ajijiox; maojio 
"KcKpupyn " cypaciimi ho3uji v;ujidu. - AeHHjiaAH. 

H6h DKapup Ba 6ouiK;a poBiiiijiap KejrrapraH puBOjrrjiapAa 
aHTHjiHuiHHa: 

JsypaHinjiHKjiap Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMra: 

- Azap ceu 6u3huhz ojiu%cuiapuMU3za 6up uuji udodam yiuiccmz, 
6ii3 %aM cemmz Hjio%unzza 6ap uuji udodam KprnOMin, - deuutudu. 

Ulynda Ajijiox; maono jviana 6y OHmmi ho3uji qwidu: 

(64) 5jiaL>Ji i&fi i£i JjyS &\ s0> $ 

64. (3h Myx,aMMaA, y MyuipHKjiapra) aiiTHHr: "X,ajiH CH3Jiap 
MeHH Ajuiox,flaH y3rara nSoaaT Kiuiniiira 6yiopypMHCH3Jiap, 3h 
HOflOHjiap!" 

(3yMap:64) 
(/fyppyji MaHcyp: 6/692, Ta(J)CHpH TaGapnn: "KaiJinpyH" cypacn Tac^ciipH). 
YuiGy KynryjiH MyH03apaHH Ajijiox, KeciciiH Ba K;aTbnii >KaBo6jiap 
6njiaH Tycn6 Kyiica-Aa, KypaiiiiijiiiKjiap GaTaMOM HoyMHA 6yjin6 
KOJiMaAHJiap. BajiKH aiia Gom^a HapcajiapHH 3neAa khjihih 6iuiaH 
AaBOM 3TAHjiap. Oa^aT 6 up uiapT 6njiaHKn, IlaiiFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM y3jiapn ojih6 KenraH TatJiHMOTra 6np 03 
y3rapTnpnmjiap KHpirraAHJiap. Ynap inyHAaii achhuiah: 

aJoj jf !Ji J£ OTjij cil 

15... "By Kypi>OHflaH 6oini<a 6np Kypi>OH KejiTHprim Skh 6yHH 
y3rapTHprHH", aeaHjiap. 

Ajijiox, cy6xaiiaxy Ba Taono Mympmcjiapra, IIaHFaM6ap 
ajiaiix,iiccajiOM yjiapra acaBo6 GepumjiapH ynyii MaHa 6y oathm 
TyuinpuG, 6y iiyjiHii x,aM Tycn6 Kyujiu: 

(15) pj& {& ufo Jj 



182 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

AiiTHHr: "MeH ynyH yHH y3 TOMOHHMflaH y3rapTHpHm aypycT 
3MacflHp. MeH (|)aKaT y3HMra Baxiiii KHJiHHraH OHTjiaprarHHa 
3prauiyp>iaH. HyHKH MeH arap IlapBapflHropHMra hcSh 
KHJicaM, yjiyr KyHHHHr (KHeMaTHHHr) a3o6n/iaH KypKypiviaH". 

(K)Hyc: 15). 

Ajijiox, cy6xaHaxy Ba Taono y3 IlaHFaMGapHHH 6yHAafi HiimuHr 
xaTapjiH OK;H6aTHAaH KyiiHAarH oaTjiap GnnaH orox, khjiah. 

iik&j 5U?Ji Jiij? iiliSaV iS} (74) ^Jl £~> Ifell jS^S oaf oil iJlIall <M ^jlj 

(75) Ijs-ai O* dii 1»«J ^ p OliJl 

73. (3h MyxaMMafl, MympHKjiap) ch3hh Eii3HiiHr Hiai>HHMH3ra, 
(Bax^HHAaH) y3ra Hapca.iapHii TyKnS HHK;apHuiHHrH3 ynyH - Bh3 
CH3ra Baxiiii Kii.iraH OHTjiapaaH ajiaaS-SypnS loSopnuijiapHra 
03 KOJiflH. y xojiaa (atHH, ynapHHHr HypHKJiapHra lopcaHnc), 
ch3hh aycT kii.tiio ojiraH 6yjiyp 3flHjiap. 

74. Arap Bh3 ch3hh (xa^ nyjiAa) co6nTK;aflaM Kii.iiviaraHiiiviinfla, 
CH3 yjiapra 6np Kaaap mohhji 6yjiHuiHHrH3ra 03 koji^h. 

75. y xojiaa ajiSaTTa Bh3 CH3ra ayHe (a3o6HHn) xaM, oxnpaT 
(a3o6HHH) x,aM iiKKii xncca k;hjih6 TOTTHpraH Syjiyp 3flHK, 
cyHrpa y3HHrH3 ynyH Bn3ra Kapmii 6npoH iviaaaflKop Tona 
ojiMaraH Syjiyp 3flHHrn3. 

(Hcpo:73-75). 

KypaMLUHMHr ^aiipoH kojimujm, ynapHimr )KMflflMM 
cpMKpjiaiiiyBM Ba a^yflMMJiap 6miaH anoKa TMKnaiiiJiapM 

MyuipHKjiap Gapna My30Kapa, KejiHiiiyB Ba ynapra GynraH pafl 
acaBoGnapHAaH cyHr shah HHMa khjihih KepaicjiHrHHH GnjiojiMaH 
xafipoH KOJiAHjiap. ynapHHHr maHTOHjiapHAaH Gnpn 6yjiraH Ha3p 
h6h Xppnc ynapra HacnxaT k;hjih6, myHAaH p,ep,u: 

- 3h Kypaftm ax,jiH, 6ouiHHrH3ra xenraH Kyji(J)aTHH xajiHrana 
hjiojkhhh Tona cuiMaAHHnc Myx,aMMaA CH3HHHr opaHrH3Aa 
euinHrHAaH KaTra GyjiAH. Em 6ojiajiHrHAaH 6epn y OAaMjiapHHHr 
3Hr jtxihhch, pocTryiiH Ba OMOHaTAopn 6yjiH6 KenAH. 3hah yHHHr 
naKKa coHjiapn oi<;apraH nafiTAa, CH3Jiapra my nmjiapHH ojihG 
xejiAH. Cienap sea yHH cexprap AeflHHraap. Ajuioxra KacaMKH, y 
cexprap 3Mac. Bh3 cexprapjiapHH xaM, ynapHHHr cexpy 



183 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

acoAynapHHH x,aM KypAHK. Yhh (J)oji6hh AeAHHraap. Ajuioxra 
KacaMKH, y (J)oji6hh 3Mac. Eh3 (J)OJi6HHjiapHH x,aM, ynapHHHr (Jjoji, 
KapoMaT Ba GamopaTjiapHHH x,aM KypAHK. Yhh iiioup AeAHHraap. 
Ajuiox,ra KacaMKH, y iiioup 3Mac. Eh3 moHpjiapHHHr metpnapuHH 
GapnacHHH, Ha3M, Hacp, Fa3an, pyGoHHjiapHAaH to AOCTOHjiapHrana 
xyp^HK. Yhh >khhhh AeAHHraap. Ajuioxra KacaMKH, y MaacHyH 

3MaC. !3CHHHHJiapHH X,aM Kyp^HK. MyX,aMMaAAa 5KHHHHJIHKHHHr 

acapn x,aM fiyic. YH^a BacBacaio anacHpauijiapAaH GnpoHTacH x,aM 
HyX 3h K^ypaHiu ax,jiH, y3 axBOJiJiapHHrH3ra 6np GoKHHraap. 
Ajuioxra KacaMKH, GoinHHrrora acyAa KaiTa Kyji(J)aT TymraH. 
Ynap IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr uiyHna KapinHjiHKjiap 
pynapacH^a MaTOHaT GnjiaH TypHiiuiapH Ba x,ap KaHAafi Taminc))- 
TaBCHanap Ba parGaTnaHTHpHiiinapHH paA 3THinjiapH Ba x,ap 6np 
Mapx,anaAarH KaTtnaT, MaTOHaT GnjiaH TypHmjiapHHH icypnG, 5iHa y 
KHuiHAarn pocTryHjiHK, noKjiHK Ba ry3aji xyniqiapHH KypcanapAa, 
Myx,aMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr xaK IlaHFaMGap SKaHjiHKjiapHra 
GyjiraH myGxajiapH KynaHnG 6opap 3-ah. 3hah ynap JixyAHHjiap 
GnnaH GoFnaHHiimG, yHHHr HiujiapH xa^HAa nyxTa, MyxaMMaji 
MatnyMOT ojiHinra Kapop KHjiAHjiap. Ha3p h6h X,opnc ynapra 
K)K;opHAarH HacuxaTnapuHH KHjiran, y GnjiaH 6npra JiHa 6np e hkkh 
khihhhh MaAHHaAarn axyAHHjiapHHHr ojiAHra 6opn6 Kennm 
Ba3H(J)acHHH KDKjiaAHJiap. Ynap jrxyAHHjiapHHHr ojiAHJiapHra 
GopraHjiapHAa ynapHHHr ojiHMjiapH: 

- Myx,aMMaAAaH 3Ta Hapca xai<;HAa cypa6 KypHHraap! Arap 
Tyrpn acaBoG 6epca, AeMaic y xaKHKHH nanraMGap GynaAH. Arap 
Tyrpn acaBoG GepojiMaca, y yiiAHpMaHH, cjifohhh GynaAH. 1 - 
K^ahmfh 3aMOHAa AyneHH Tapic 3th6 KeTraH Hurimiap xa^HAa 
cypaHraap. YnapHHHr HiujiapH HHMa GynraH sah? YjiapHHHr aacnG 
KHCcajiapn 6op. 2 - fly He Ke3n6, MarpnGAaH MampHK^ana cth6 
GopraH khihh xa^HAa cypaHraap. Yhhhf xa6apn HHMa GyjiraH sah? 
3 - YHAaH pyx, (>koh) xa^HAa cypaHraap. Pyx, HHMa y3H? - p,ea nyji- 
nypHK; KypcaTAHjiap. 

Ynap Maxxara KairraG kojihG, KypaHiHjiHKjiapra: 

- Bh3 CH3Jiapra MyxaMMaA GnnaH ypTajiapHHrH3AarH MactajiaHH 
xan k;hjih6 GepaAHraH HapcaHH ojihG kojiahk, - AeAHJiapAa, 
axyAHHjiapHHHr aihraH ranjiapHHH cy3Jia6 GepniiiAH. 



184 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KypaHiiijiHKjiap Pocyjiyjijiox cajijiajijioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMAaH 
ynnajia Hapca xa^HAa cypaAHJiap. OpaAaH 6 up Hena KyH yTn6, 
"Kax,(J)" cypacH ho3hji GyjiAH. By cypaAa ynap cyparaH HurnTjiap 
Ba acaxoHraurra hhcoh 3yjiK;apHaHH Kuccacn 6op sah. Pyx, xaKHAarn 
yHHHHH caBOJira "Hcpo" cypacnAa acaBoG ho3hji GyjiAH. Illy 6miaH 
KypaHinjiHKjiapra MyxaMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr xaK IlaHFaMGap 
3KaHjiHrH Ba yHHHr Hyjin xaKKH-pocr SKaHjinrn aeH GyjiAH. JleKHH 
30HHM KHMcanap 6y xaKHH K,a6yji KHjiHiiiAaH GyiiHH TOBjiaG, Kocjmp 
x,ojuiapHHa KOJiAHjiap. 

(H6hXhhiom: 1/299-301). 
Bh3 Tai<;AHM 3TraH 6y caTpnap MympHKjiapHHHr Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajuiajuioxy anaftxH Ba cajuiaMHHHr AatBaTjiapHra KHjiraH 
KapuiHjiHKjiapHAaH 6np iHHHraji MaH3apa 3 ah, xojioc. By 6opaAa 
ynap HMKOHHHTHAa 6ynraH 6apna MaxopaTjiapHHH GnpHH-KeTHH, 
6np GocKHHAaH hkkhhhh GocKHnra, 6np AaBpAaH 6omK,a 6np AaBpra 
yrraH cafiHH K,aTTHK,jiHKAaH MyjiOHHMjiHKica, acaroKajiAaH Mypocara, 
My30KapaAaH acaHacanra, TaxAHAAaH TaprnGra, Taprn6AaH nynncara 
yrn6 KyjuiaG KejiAHJiap. Ynap roxo KyTapujiHiiiHG, roxo 
6aKHpHuiH6, roxo acaroKajuiaiiiHiiica, roxo ry3aji MyoMana 
KHjinmap, roxo xaMjia KHjinmca, cyHr nacaHHiiiHG KOJiap, roxo 
TaxAHA khjihG, cyHr parGaTjiaHTHpHinra yrap SAHJiap. Tye ynap 6np 
ojiAHHra HHTHjiHinca, 6np opTra neiaiHap SAHJiap. YjiapHMHr 6npoH 
6api<;apopjiHrH GyjiMafi, k,ohhih, HeKHHHiii yjiapHH aacaGnaHTHpiviac 
3AH. JleKHH ynap 6op HMKOHrorrjiapH GnjiaH KypaiimG, 6op 
TaA6HpjiapHHH KyjuiaMacHH, GapnGnp MarayG Gyjiap SAHJiap. 3hah 
ynapHHHr ojiAHJiapHAa khjihhhh Hiiira cojiHiimaH y3ra nopa 
KOJiMaraHAH. K^hjihh 3ca GyjiHHHiimH jmaAa KyHaHTHpnG K>6opaAH. 
J^HjiHHHHHr HaTHacacH sea (J)aK;aTrHHa hjiah3hh KypHiyBHH Ha(J)paT- 
aAOBaT GyjiaAH xojioc. K)K,opHAa KyjuiaHHjiraH ycjiyGjiapAaH Hcjiom 
AatBaTHHH fiyic khjihG, xy(J)p KyHjiapHHH GHpjiamTHpHiii Ky3Aa 
TyTHjiraH 3-ah. HlyHHHr ynyH xaM ynap HHMa khjihih KepaicjiHrHHH 
TyuiyHOJiMaH rapaHr GyjinG KOJiAHJiap. 

A6y Tojim6 Ba ymiHr Ka6miaflOUJJiapn MaBKHcjiM 

A6y TojihG KypaHiiijiHKjiapHHHr MyxaMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH 

yjiAHpHin ynyH yjiapra TacjiHM khjihih TanaGn GnjiaH HHiwaHH Ba 

yjiapHHHr xapaxaTjiapHAaH, y3HHHHr 3HMMa (xhmo^chhh 6y3n6, 

acHaHHHH yjiAHpMOKHH GyjiaeTraHHHH aHrnaran, BaHy X,ouihm Ba 

185 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

BaHy MyTTOJinG K,aBMHra MaHcyG GynraH apaGjiapmi hhfah Ba 
ynapHH IlaHFaMGap ajiaHx,HccajiOMHH x,hmoji KHjiHiiira AatBaT 3tah. 
YuiGy AatBaTHH yjiapmiHr Kocjmpy MycyjiMOHjiapn x,aMMajiapH 
apaGnapra xoc x,hmo5i x^mkhjith TycjjaHjiH ^atGyji KHjiAHjiap. YuiGy 
hkkh K;aBMra MaHcyG GyjiraHjiapHHHr A6y JIax,a6AaH y3ra x,aMMacn 
KatGaHHHr onAHAa A6y TajinGra ax,A- naHMOH GepAHJiap. A6y 
JIax,a6 y3HHHHr yxacn 6yna Typn6, 6y ax,AHOMara KyuiHjiMaAH. 
BajiKH GynapAaH aacpannG, KypaHmjiHKjiapra KyiHHjiAH. 

(H6h Xjuhom: 1/269). 
OMMaBMM y3MJiniij 3yxiMy aflOBaT wapTHOMaci/i 
X,HHjia-TaA6Hpjiap (J)OHAa GepMaran Ba BaHy X,ouihm Ba BaHy 
MyrrojiHG KaBMHra MaHcyG KHuiHjiapHHHr Myx,aMMaA 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM x,hmo5ich ynyH khm GyjiHiiiHAaH K,aTt>HH Ha3ap 
>khaahh Ba caMHMHH 6en 6oFjiaraHHHH KypraHAaH cyHr 
KypaHiujiHKjiapHHHr x,anpaTH jiHaAa oiiiah. Ynap Myx,acca6 
BOAHHCHAarn BaHy KnHOHa AynrjiHrHAa hhfhjihihhG, BaHy X,ouihm 
Ba BaHy MyrrojiHG K,aBMjiapHra K,apiiiH htth(J)ok; KeHrauiH 
Ty3HuiAH. YuiGy KeHrauma KyHHAarn K,apopjiapHH K,a6yji 
KHjiAHjiap. 

1. YuiGy hkkh KaBMra onAH-6epAH hhkox, ajiOKanapH 
TyxTaTHjiaAH. 

2. Yjiap GnnaH ojiah-cotah caBAO anoKanapH y3HjiaAH. 

3. Yjiap GnnaH 6np MaaoiHCAa yTHpnnMaHAH. 

4. YnapAaH 6apna anoKanap y3HjiH6, yHJiapnra KHpHjiManflH Ba 
x,en khm yjiap GnnaH rannauiMaHAH. 

5. BaHy X,ouihm tokh Myx,aMMaAHH yjiAHpnui ynyH TacjiHM 
KHjiMac 3KaH, yjiap GnnaH cynx, Ty3HjiMaHAH Ba ynapra pax,M- 
uia(J)K;aT x,aM KHjiHHMaHAH. HTTHc|)OKHH.jiap yui6y Kapopjiapmi 6np 
cax,H(J)ara 6aHAMa-6aHA 63h6 hhkhihah. H6h K^amoMHHHr e3HuiHra 
Kypa: 

YuiGy cax,H(J)aHH MaHcyp h6h HKpHMa h6h Omhp h6h X,ouihm 
e3AH. EaMHnap 6yHH Ha3p h6h X,opnc e3raH AenHinaAH. 
Cax,Hx,poFH 6y cax,H(J)aHH Earnfe h6h Omhp h6h X,ouihm e3raH 
GyjinG, yHH nanraMGap ajiaHx,HCcajiOM Ayon6aA KHjiAHjiap. KenHH 
yHHHr KyjiH uioji GynnG KOJiraH. 

(Ca^H^H Byxopnii: 3/529, 3o/iyji Mao/i:2/46). 



186 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

K^apopjiap K,a6yji khjihhhG, e3n6 GyjiHHran, cax,Hc[)aHH 
BaHTyjuiox,HHHr HHHra och6 KyHAHJiap. 

BaHy Xoiiihm Ba BaHy MyrrojiHG KaBMHHHHr A6y JIaxaGAaH 
6ouiK;a Kocjmpy MycyjiMOHjiapn, spicary aejuiapn xaMManapHHH 
hhfhjiah Ba ynapHH A6y TojihG Aapacnra xh6c khjihhah. By 
xPAHca HyGyBBaTHHHr 7 - hhjih MyxappaM OHHHHHr GomjiapHAa 
coahp GyjiAH. 

A6y Tojim6 flapaciifla yn mmji 

Myxocapa KyHa&iG, 03HK;-OBK;aT Ba MeBanap kcchjihG kojiah. 
MyuipHKjiap Maxxara khph6 KenraH 03HK;-OBK;aT Ba 6ouiK;a 
MOJinapHH Aapx,on y3napH coth6 ojih6 KyHHiiira moinHjiapAH. 
MyxocapaAarnjiapra ohjihk KynaHuG rctak. Ynap AapaxTjiapHHHr 
6apr Ba HjiAH3JiapHHH eHHiiira MaacGyp Gyji^Hjiap. XaTro Aapa 
opTHAaH aennap Ba 6ojiajiapHHHHr onjiHKAaH HHrparaH TOBymjiapH 
3ihhthjih6 Typap sah. Ynapra 6at3H 6np Hapcanap yra Max(J)HH 
cypaT^a eTica3H6 Gepunap sah. Ynap 6np Hapca coth6 ojihui exn 
6ouiK;a x,oacaTjiapH ynyH Aapa#aH (J)aK;aTrHHa XapoM OHjiapHAarHHa 
HHKapAHJiap. IIIyHAa xaM ynap KepamiH HapcanapHH Maxxara 
xopnacAaH KenraH KapBOHjiapAaH coth6 onHiiiap SAHJiap. JleKHH 
MaKKa ax,jiH ynapra Hapca coTHiiiMac, MaGoAa ojimokhh 6yjicajiap 
xaM acy^a GanaHA trapx aHTHiiiap sahkh, yjiapmiHr 6yHH coth6 
ojiHinra KypGn eTMac sjxa. XaiaiM h6h Xh30m 6ai>3HAa aMMacH 
XaAHna po3H5uuioxy aHxpra Gyr^on KyTapnG KenapAH. KyHjiapHHHr 
Gnpn^a y Aapara Gyr^on ojih6 KejiaerraHHAa A6y ^Cax,nra pyn 
kojihG KOJiaAH. A6y }Kax,ji ymi KaHrapHiii ynyH yHra ocnjiaAH. Hkkh 
ypTaAa TopT-TopT GomnaHaAH. Opara A6yn EaxTapHH TymnG, 
XaKHM h6h XrooMra GyrflOHHH aMMacnra ojih6 GopnG Gepumra 
hmkoh Gepa^H. 

A6y TojihG nanraMGap ajianxHccajiOMra GnpoH Hapca GynnG 
KOJiHiiiHAaH acyAa KypKap 3-ah. OAaMjiap ynicyra KerraH naHTjiapnAa 
IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcanoMra y3HHHHr ypHHra cthihhh Gyiopap sah 
Ba 6yHH x,neHaT k;hjimok;hh GynraH KHMcanapra TaHHH 6hjiahph6 
Kyap 3ah. OAaMjiap yxna6 Gynran, yxajiapHAaH exn yrnjuiapHAaH 
Gnpnra Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuiox,y anaiccH Ba cajinaMHHHr 
ypHHjiapnra cthluhh 6yiopap sah. nanraMGap ajiaHx,HCcajiOM Ba 
MycyjiMOHjiap Xaac MaBcyMH KyHjiapHAa Maxxara hhk;huih6, 



187 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

OAaMjiap 6miaH ynpaiimG, ynapHH HcnoMra AatBaT KHjinmap 
3AHJiap. ByHAafi naimiapAa A6y JIaxa6 HHMajiap khjihuihhh 6h3 
rannpnG yTraHMH3. 

LUapTHOMa cax.iicpacMHMHr mmptmjimujm 

Opa^aH yn hhji yTH6 HyGyBBaTHHHr 10- hhjih MyxappaM oiiHAa 
cax,H(J)a hhpthjih6, Myxocapa Geicop khjihhah. EyHHHr ca6a6n yui6y 
uiapTHOMara 6at3H KypaHffljiHKjiap po3H Gyjica, 6at3HjiapH Hopo3H 
6ynraH sah. Hopo3H GynraH KHuiHjiap cax,Hc[)aHH HHpTHjiHuiHra 
xapaicaT KHjiAHjiap Ba 6yHra MyBa(J)(J)aK; xaM 6yjiAHjiap. 

YuiGy xapaicaTra Omhp h6h Jlytaii K,aBMra MaHcy6 6yjiraH 
X,ouihm h6h Amp Gouihhjihk khjiah. y Myxocapa norn^a BaHy 
X,ouihm KaBMura Kenajiapn Max(J)HH cypaT^a 03HK-OBK,aT eTica3H6 
6epap sah. KyHjiapHHHr GnpHAa X,ouihm h6h Amp 3yxaiip h6h A6y 
yMafia Max3yMHHHHHr ojiAHra KejiAH. OTHica 6hhth 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 yHHHr OHacn sah. X,ouihm h6h Amp yHra: 

- 3h 3yxaiip, TorajiapHHrHH axBOJin yHAaii Gyjica, ceH GeManon 
c6-hhh6 yTHpaBepacaHMH? - acah. 3yxap sea: 

- K^ypnG xeTKyp, axnp MeH 6np y3HM, ejiFH3 OAaM 6yjicaM, HHMa 
xaM KHjia onapAHM?! Ammo MeHra una 6npop uiepHK GynraHHAa, 
yuia cax,H(J)aHH hhpthG Tauijiamra xapaicaT KHjiraH GynapAHM, - 
Ae^H. IIIyHAa X,ouihm: 

- YH^a y3HHrra uiepHK TormHHr! - acah. 
-K^aHH yuia OAaM? - mm* 3yxaiip. X,ouihm: 

- MaHa MeH, yuia OAaM! - p,ep,n. 

- YHAaH 6ynca yHHHHH OAaMHH xaM Ton! - p,ep,n 3yxaiip. 
X,ouihm MyTtHM h6h AAHHHHHr onAHra 6opAH-Aa, yHra 

A6AyMaHO(J)HHHr hkkh yrjiH BaHy X,ouihm Ba BaHy 
A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 K,aBMHAarH K,apHHAom ypyrjiapHHH scnaTAH Ba 
yHH KypaHinjiHKjiapHHHr 6y 3yjiMjiapHra KyuiHjiHG yrapraHH ynyH 
ManoMaT khjiah. IIIyHAa MyTtHM: 

- K^ypnG Kencyp, axnp mch 6np y3HM, ejiFH3 OAaM 6yjicaM, HHMa 
xaM KHJia onapAHM? ! - p,ep,n. 

- Y3HMra uiepHK tohahm AeaBep! - acah. 

- K^aHH yuia uiepHK AeraH OAaM? - acah MyrtHM h6h Aahh. 
X,ouihm: 
-MaHa MeH, yuia OAaM! - acah. 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- YHAaH 6ynca yhhhhh OAaMHH x,aM Ton! - Rejxft MyrtHM. 
-Yhh x,aM TonnG KyiiraHMaH! - Rejxft Xoiiihm. 

- Khm 3KaH y? - AeAH. 

-3yx,anp h6h A6y y Mafia, - jxejxa Xoiiihm. 

-YHAaH 6ynca TypTHHHH OAaMHH x,aM Ton! - Rejxft MyrtHM. 

Xoiiihm A6y ByxTapHH 6hh XiimoMHHHr ojiAHra 6opn6, yHra 
x,aM MyTtHMra aihraH ranHHH afiTAH. MyTtHM: 
-By GopaAa MeHra epAaM GepaAHraH OAaM 6opMH? - p,ep,u. Xoiiihm 
GyHAafi OAaMHHHr GopjiHrmiH afiTAH. 

-Khm 3KaH y OAaM? - #e6 cypaAH. 

-3yx,afip h6h A6y yMafia, MyrtHM h6h Aahh Ba ceH GnnaH MeH, 

- AeAH Xoiiihm. 

-YHAaH 6ynca GemmrHH cmaMHH x,aM Ton! - acah y. 

-Xoiiihm 3yMi.a h6h AcBaA h6h MyrrojiHG h6h AcaAHHHr ojiAHra 
6opn6, y GnnaH rannaiiiAH Ba yHra x,aM KapHHAOin ypyrjiapn Ba 
ynapHHHr x,ojiaTjiapHHH acjiaTAH. 

-MeHH AatBaT 3TaerraH HiHHHira MeHra epAaM GepaAHraH OAaM 
6opMH? -AeAH 3yMi.a. Xoiiihm: 

- Xa, AeAH-Aa, lOKopHAarn HOMjiapHH caHa6 6epAH. Ynap 
XaacyHHH ojiAHra hhfhjihihhG, cax,H(J)aHH finpTHiHHH TauiKHji 
KHjiHinra axAJiaiimG ojiAHJiap. 

- 3Hr aBBan MeH rannpaMaH Ba MeH 6ouuia6 GepaMaH, - p,ep,u 
3yx,afip. 

3pTacH xyHH spTanaG ynap KypafimjiHKjiapHHHr MaatjiHcrox,Hra 
KenAHJiap. 3pTana6 3yx,afip Xynna (GafipaMjiapAa KHfinnaAHraH 
khhhm) khhh6 KenAH-Aa, Eairryji.jiox,HH 7 MapTa afinaHnG TaBO(J) 

KHJIAH. 

CyHr OAaMjiapra K)3JiaHH6: 

-3fi MaKKa ax,jiH, BaHy Xoiiihm ojiAH-coTAHAaH TycHjinG x,ajioic 
GyjiaeTraH 6yjica-K>, 6h3 e6-HHH6 K>paBepaMH3MH? ! Ajuiox,ra 
KacaMKH, tokh MaHa 6y 30jihm KOTHta cax,H(J)a finpTHjiMaryHna, mch 
yTHpMaHMaH! -acah. 

MacacHAHHHr 6np neTHAa TypraH A6y )Kax,ji: 

- Ejifoh airraancaH, Ajuiox,ra KacaMKH, 6y cax,H(J)a finpTHjiMaiiAH, 

- AeAH. 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

-Ajuioxra KacaMKii, ceH yHAaH xypa ejiFOHHiipoKcaH. CeH 6y 
cax,H(J)aHH e3aeTraH HorciHrAa, 6113 po3ii 6yjiraH 3Mac sahk, - p,ep,u 
6np Tapa<J)AaH 3yMta. 

- 3yMta Tyrpii aiiTAii. yHAarii e3yBjiapra 6113 po3ii 6yjiMaiiMii3 Ba 
yHra rncpop xaM 3MacMii3, - p,ep,u EyxTapiiii. 

- fl,apx,aK;HK;aT, Tyrpn ranHii aiiTAiiHrjiap. Kiim GyH^aH y3ra ranHii 
airrca, Gexop airraGAH. E113 6y cax,nc[)a Ba yHAarii e3iuiraH 
HapcanapAaH Ajuioxra y3iiMH3Hii noKjiaiiMii3, - acah MyTtiiM ii6h 
Aahh. X,ouihm ii6h Amp xaM uiyHra yxmam ranjiapHii aiiTAii. 

IIIyHAa A6y 5Kax,ji: 

- By HiiiHHHr MacnaxaTii 6y acoiiAa 3Mac, 6ouiK;a acoiiAa 
KHjiHHraH,- AeAH. 

Illy xyHH MacacHAH XapaMra A6y TojiiiG xaM KenraH sah. Hymen 
Ajijiox, 6y cax,nc[)aHiiHr xa6apiiHii, jtbhii 6np xamopaTHii K>6opraHii 
Ba y xainopaT aca6py-3yjiMra Tyjia 6yjiraH 6y caTpjiapHii e6 
6irnipraHjiiirii-io, 6y cax,nc[)aAa (J)aK;aT AjuioxHiiHr HCMiiriiHa 
KOJiraHHHH y3 Pocyjmra GiijiAiipraH sah. IlaiiFaMGap anaiixHCcajiOM 
6y xaGapHH aMaiciicii A6y TojiiiG aihraH, A6y TojiiiG sea 
KypaHiiijiHKnapra y3 acmiHii iiryHAaii xa6apHii aihraiiii Ba arap y 
ejiFOHHH 6yjin6, 6y xa6ap TacAHiqiaHMaca, - 6113 yH^a cirenap 6njiaH 
yHHHr ypTacHHH TycMaiiMii3. Arap y pocT aihraH Gyjica, ch3 
y3JiapHHrH3 K;a6yji KHjiraH 3yjiMHHrH3AaH K;aiiTHHrH3Jiap! - Ae6 
aihraH Ba KypaiiiiijiHKjiap xaM y3 HaBGaxjiapHAa yHra: 
-Hhco(J)jih ranHH aihAHHr, - AeiiHiiiraH SAiuiap. 

K^aBM GnjiaH A6y )Kax,Ji ypTacHAa GyjmG yTraH rannap 
TyraraHAaH KeiiHH MyTtHM cax,Hc[)aHH hhpthG Tamjiam ynyH 
ypHHAaH TypAH-^a, caxHc[)aHH ojiAHra GopAH. K^apaca xaKHKaTaH 
xaM xamopaT cax,Hc[)aHH e6 TyraTraH, yHAaH (J)aK;aTrHHa: 

- "CeHH HCMHHr SnjiaH 3ii Ajijiox,hm!" - AeraH e3yBrHHa 
KonraH 3xaH xojioc. X,amopaT cax,H(J)a caTpjiapn opacHAa KaepAa 
Ajijiox, jia(J)3ii e3iuiraH 6ynca, yma epHii eMaii, 6ouiK;a acoiijiapHii e6 
GiiTiipraH 3aii. CyHr cax,ii(J)a iiiipTiijiiiG, Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy 
anaiixH Ba cajuiaM Ba y kiiuiii 6njiaH 6ynraH 6apna OAaMjiap 
AapaAaH MaKKara KaihAiijiap. 



190 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

Matra 6y ep#a MympHKjiap IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 
x,aigiHKnapHra AanonaT KHjiaAHraH >KyAa 6yK)K 6np Myt:>KH3aHHHr 
ryBOXH Gyji^Hjiap. JleKHH Ajijiox, ynap xaKHAa GnjiAHpraH MaHa 6y 
xaGapAarHAex: 

Arap yjiap (KypaHiii KO(J)HpjiapH MyxaMMaA ajiaHXHC-cajic-MHHHr 
x,aK IIaHFaM6ap SKaHjinicjiapHra AanonaT Kjaiaffaran) 6npoH oht- 
Myi>5KH3a Kypcajiap (xaM y IlaHFaMGapra hhmoh KejrrapHiii 
ypHHra) 103 yrnpypjiap ea "(By) x,ap flOHMra cex,p-Ky!" aepjiap. 

(K^aMap:2). 
By oat, atHH Myt5KH3aAaH k>3 yrnpAHjiap Ba ynapHHHr Ky(J)pjiapH 

y crura Ky(J)pjiapH jmaAa 3neAa 6yjip,u. 

(Ca^H^H Eyxopiiii: 1/216, 1f548, 3o/iyji Mao/i: 2/46, 
HShX^ihom: 1/350-51, 374-77) 

A6y Tojw6ra Kypauiu 3JiHmiapnHMHr cyHrrw Taiiipncpn 

IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcajiOM AapaAaH Kairra6 xejiAHjiap-Aa, 
aBBanrHAeK HinjiapHHH AaBOM STTupAHjiap. KypaHiHjiHKjiap xaM 
rapHH MyxocapaHH 6ac KHjinmraH GyncaAa, Ajijioxhhhf Piyimma 
TycHin Ba MycyjiMOHjiapra 6ochm yrKa3HiiiHH aBBanrHAeic asbom 
STTHpap SAHjiap. A6y TojihG IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH xhmoji 
KHjiHuiAa AaBOM 3tah. JleKHH y 80 euira cthG KOJiraH sah. TypjiH 
MauiaKKaTjiap, 6np Hena HHjiAaH 6epn AaBOM 3th6 KenaerraH 
x,OAHcajiap, xoccaTaH oxHprH Aapa Myxocapacn yHHHr THHicacHHH 
KypHTHG, x,onAaH tohahph6 KyfiraH 3#h. MyxocapaAaH HHKKan, 6np 
Hena oh yraG y 6np KacajuiHKKa HynHKAH. KacannHK yHra K,aTTHK 
eraminG, TymaKica ctkh3h6 Kyujiu. 

IIIyHAa MyuipHKjiap A6y Tojih6 Ba(J)OT 3th6 Konca, yH^aH KeHHH 
yHHHr xhmojich 6y3HjiryAeK Gynca, apa6nap opacHAa xap xhji ran- 
cy3Jiap TapK;ajiH6 KeTHiiiHAaH HyHHinnG, JiHa 6np 6op A6y Tojih6 
xy3ypHAa MyxaMMaA anaHXHCcanoM GnnaH My30Kapa ynca3H6, y 
KHuinra ojiahh Gepmiira po3H GyjiHiiiMaraH 6ai.3H HapcanapHH xaM 
6epHuijiapHHH aiiTMOKHH GyjiAHJiap. ByHHHr ynyH A6y TojihGhhhf 
xy3ypnra TampHcf) 6yiopyBHH sjinnjiap rypyxHHH TauiKHji 
KHjiAHjiap. 

H6h Hcxpk Ba 6oinK,ajiapHHHr airraiiiHra Kypa: 



191 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

AGy TojihG icacan GyjraG ernG KOJiran, yHHHr OFHpjiaiiiHG 
KOJiraHH xaGapn KypaHiiijiHKjiapra ctah. HlyHAaH cyHr yjiapHHHr 
6at3HjiapH Gatsmiapura: 

- X,aM3a GnjiaH Yiviap xaM Hcjiomhh K,a6yji khjiah. 
Myx,aMMaAHHHr hihh 6apna K,a6Hjiajiap opacHAa chhjihG kctah. 
lOpHHraap, A6y TojinGHKHr ojiAHra 6opn6, yHra airraiijiHKKH, y 
acHaHHHH thhh6 KyiiCHH. BH3HHHr HOMHMH3AaH yHra GnpoH Hapca 
GepcHH. Ajinoxra K,acaMKH, y 6n3AaH fojihG KejiH6, hihhh 6n3AaH 
topthG onaAH. BouiK;a 6np jiac[)3Aa airrHjiHiiiHHa: 

- Arap hoji Ba(J)OT 3th6, yH^aH kchhh hiii 6offlK,apHin yHHHr 
acnaHHra Konca, apa6nap 6h3hh aii6jia6: - AMaKHCH yjiryHna KyiiH6 
KyHAHjiap, yH^aH xenHH sea, yHH ymjiaAHJiap, - p,e6 ManoMaT 
KHjiHiujiapHAaH K;ypK;aMH3, - AeiiHiiiAH. 

A6y TojihGhhhf ojiAHra KennG, y GnjiaH ranjiamraHjiapHHHr 
6apnacH y3 KaBMHHHHr caMHAJiapH SAHjiap. Ynap - yr6a h6h 
PoGnirba, IIIanGa h6h PoGnnta, A6y )Kax,ji h6h Xhihom, yMaira 
h6h Xanacj), A6y Cy(J)eH h6h Xap6 Ba 6omK,a caMHA KHiiiHjiap 
6yjin6, ynap TaKpnGaH 25 khuih 3AHjiap. Ynap A6y TojinGra: 

- 3h A6y TojihG, 6h3hhhf opaMH3Aarn MapTaGaHr y3HHrra 
MatnyM, ax,BOJiHHr sea, y3HHr icypnG TypraHHHrAeic. CeHra 6npoH 
Hapca GyjinG K,ojiHiiiHAaH KypKnG Typn6MH3. }Kii5iHHHr GnjiaH 
ypTaMH3Aarn MyHOcaGaT xaM y3HHrra MatnyM. YHAaH 6H3Jiapra cy3 
ojih6 6ep. y 6h3hh y3 x,ojiHMH3ra KyiiCHH, 6h3 xaM yHH y3 xpjinra 
KyaMH3. Bh3 GnnaH xaM, ahhhmh3 GnjiaH xaM hihh GyjiMacHH. Bh3 
xaM yHHHr ahhhhh xaM, y3HHH xaM y3 x,ojiHra icyiinG Ky5iMH3, - 
AenHuiAH. A6y TojihG OAaM K>6opH6, nanraMGap ajiaiixHCcajiOMHH 
aHTTHpnG xejiAH. y khuih Kejiran: 

- 3ii acnaHHM, MaHa Gyjiap y3 K,aBMHHrHH caMHAJiapH, 
hhfhjihuihG ceHHHr ojiAHHrra GnpoH Hapca ojihui 3Ba3Hra ceHra 
GnpoH Hapca Gepnui ynyH kcjihihhGah, - AeAH-Aa, yjiapHHHr 
ranjiapHHH airraG GepAH. iltHH yjiapHHHr 6ai.3HjiapH Gai.3HjiapHra 
KapiiiHjiHK KHjiMacjiHK TaKjiH(J)HHH aiiTAH. IIIyHAa Pocyjiyjijiox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM yjiapra: 

- "Aeap Men cu3/iapea 6up kojiumu cy3uu 6epcaM, ynu cmnap 
aumcamu3, y cy3 6unau 6apna apadnapza noduio 6ynacu3 ea 



192 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

ojtcaMJiap cu3za dyucyuudu. Eyueu humu deucu3/iap?" - AeAHJiap. 
EoiiiKa 6np puBOATAa aHTHjiHiiiHHa, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy 
anaHx,H Ba camiaM aMaKmiapn A6y TannGra: 

- "Me« yuapuu 6up kujiumu cy3zu mcumjiuuihu xpxjiuuMuu, ynu 
aumcajiap 6ac, yuuuz cu6u6uduu yjiapea 6apna apadnap 
dyucyuudu eu imcaMJiap atcujbn (cojiuk) mynuudu, " - AeAHJiap. 

Rna 6np na(J)3Aa: 

- "3ii umuku, Men yuapuu 6yudau uypa nxuiupou, uapcaza 
HopjiauuuMu?" -AeAHjiap. A6y Tojih6: 

- YnapHH HHMara naKupacaH? - p,e6 cypaAH. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM: 

- "Men yuapuu 6up kojiumu cy3zu HUKupuMuu, yuu uumcujiap 
6uc, yuuuz cu6u6uduu y/iupeu 6upnu upudnup dyucyuudu eu 
uoKUMJiapzu noduio dynudunup" — AeAiiJiap. H6h Hcx,ok; piiBOjrriiAa 
3ca: 

- "Me« cu3Jiupuu 6up kujiumu cy3zu HUKupMuu, yuu 
uumcujiupuue 6uc, yuuuz cu6u6uduu cu3Jiup 6upnu upu6/iupeu 
noduio 6ynacu3Jiup eu cu3zu uwcuM/iup dyucyuudu", - AeAmiap. 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHiiHr 6y cy3JiapiiHii 
suiHTraHjiapHAaH cyHr, 6y KaAap c[)OHAajiHK 6np xajiHMa cy3HH 
KaHAafi paA STHimiapHHH GnjiojiMaii, x,afipoH 6yjin6 TyxraG 
KOJiAHJiap. CyHr A6y )Kax,ji: 

- HHMa 3KaH y xajiHMa? OTaHrHH xaKKH-xypMaTH 6yHra yxmam 
KanHMaAaH xepax Gyjica 10 TacuHH airraMH3, - p,ep,u. IlaHFaMGap 
anaibcHCcajiOM ynapra: 

- AjiJioXfduu y3zu x,en 6up MWbdyd-unox, uyK,! - deucu3/iup eu 
Yuduu y3zu y3Jiupum udodum Kunuemzuu uupcu/iupuu mupK 
3macu3Jiap! - AeAmiap. 

Yjiap Kyji CHjrraiiiHG: 



193 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.u ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

- 3h Myx,aMMa£, ceH 6apna ojinxajiapHH 6nTTa hjiox 

KHJIMOKHHMHCaH X,ajIH, CCHH HIHHHr 5KyAa a5KH6?! - AeHHUIAH. 

YnapAaH GatSHcn: 

- By CH3JiapHH rannapuHrHH onaAHraH OAaM arviac, 6opHHrjiap to 
Ajijiox ch3 GnnaH yHHHr ypTacH^a xyKM KHjiryHHHa y 3 0Ta_ 
6o6ojuiapHHrH3HH AHHHAa KDpaBepHHrnap! - p,ep,u. Cytir ynap 
Tapi<;ajiH6 KerAHjiap. 

Ajijiox, ynap xa^H^a MaHa 6y oaTjiapHH ho3iiji khjiah: 

^0 °-y> \£1*\ pi" (2) i3^3 & ls? IsP^l^M 1 J^ (1) /aJ ( & ^t^'i Lf 

ili 6jj3\iUi jiij 14I; jJtU ii*i£ oi ij^j (3) je& &* cj% ijSiil 0)3 ^ 

111; »>Uil jiiaS^J (5) Cj\*£ i^iA lift 01 iJb-lj $1 ^1 J*rf (4) odl' j^U* 

(7) j^i ^1 iIa b\ 

1. Cofl. IIIatHy-uiapa^) coxhSh SyjiraH KyptOHra KacaM 

(ajiGaiTa KyptOH hjioxhh Myi.:>KH3aAHp Ba ajiGaiTa ch3, 3h 
Myx,aMMaA, AjuioxHHHr xaK naiiFaM6apiiAiipcii3). 

2. Ba.iKii KO(|)iip SyjiraH Kiiivica.iap (6y xaKHK;aTHH K;a6yji 
KmiHuiAaH) KnSpy xaeofla ea (Ajijiox, Ba naiiFaM6apra) 
MyXOJIH^)JIHKfla co6HTflHpjiap. 

3. Bh3 yjiapaaH iijirapii xaM KaHna acp aejioflHH 

(iiHM0Hcn3JinKjiapii ca6a6jiH) xa.ioK KiijiraHinviinaa yjiap 
(6ouiJiapnra a3o6 TymraHHAa epAaM cypa6) hhao-hjithhco 
Kn.1raH.1ap, (aMMO 6y Baicr a3o6Aan) kohhS KyTyjiHin BaKTii 3iviac 

3flH. 

4. (MaKKa MyuipnKjiapn) yjiapra y3JiapnflaH (a-bHn 6amap 
aBjiOAHAaH) SyjiraH 6np oroxJiaHTHpryBHH-naiiFaM6ap 
KejiraHHflaH aacaSjiaH^Hjiap Ba y Ko<|)iip.nap aeanjiap: "By 6np 
ejiroHHH cexprapanp. 

5. (IIIyHHa) xyaojiapHH SnTTa xyao khjihS ojihSahmh?! 
X,ai<HK;aTaH 6y acyaa k;h3hk; Hapca!" 

6. YjiapaaH KaTTajiapn (6np-6npjiapnra uiyHAaM p,en Tapi<;ajiH6) 
KeTflHjiap: "K)pHHrjiap Ba y3 xyflOJiapimrii3ra (ciiFHHHuiAa) 
KaHoaT KiiiiiHr.iap (jh.hh ycTHBop 6yjiHHrjiap)! AjiSaira 6y 



194 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

(jtbhh "JIa Hjiax,a Hjinajiox," achhui 6H3JiapAaH) HCTajiaanraH 
(Tana6 KHjiHHaAHraH acy^a Karra) Hapcaaiip. 
7. En3Jiap 6y x,ai<aa (jii>hh Ajuiox,HHHr jncicaio jiroHajiHru x,ai<;HAa) 
cyHrrH MHjuiaT - flHHfla(rH OAaMjiapAaH x,aM, jtbhh HanoivmaH 
aBBanrH cyHrrn ahh GyjiMum HacpoHHH AHHHAarn OAaivuiapAaH 
x,aM) 3uiHTraH 3MacMH3. By (Jjai^aT 6np yiifliipMaflHp, xojioc. 

(Co fl :l-7). 

it it it 



195 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

f AMrMHJIMK I/IMJ1M 

A6y Tojin6HMHr Bacpo™ 

KacannHK A6y TojiiiGra KarrHK; eimmjxa. Illy KacajuiiiK 6njiaH y 
Ba<J)OT3TAH. YHMHr Ba(J)OTH HyGyBBaTHimr 10- hhjih, PaacaG o&iAa, 
AapaAaH HiiKiijiraHAaH 6 oh yriiG pyfi 6epAH. Eai)3iijiap 6yHii 
PaMa30H oiiHAa, X,aAHna Giihtii XyBaiijiiiAHiiHr Bac[)OTiiAaH yn KyH 
aBBan pyii GepraH AeiiiiiiiaAH. 

(MyxTacapnc cirfipaT: 1 11-6). 
Cax,Hx,H ByxopHHAa MycairaGAaH KiuiiiHraH piiB05nra Kypa: 
A6y TojiiiGHiiHr Bac[)OTii 5iK;iiHjiaiiiii6, >koh Gepiim xonaTii pyii 
GepaeTraH nairrAa, Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM 
yHHHr onAHra Kiip^n. YHHHr eHH^a A6y )KaxJi yrcipap sjxa. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaM A6y TojiiiGra: 
_M Jit 1$j iill ^U.1 a^K iJh\ V] 4J] V J5 <£c <_ji 

- "3m OMdKUMCOH, - "JIA HJIAXA HJIJIAJIJIOX" - dem, Men 
yuu cu3ynyn Ajijiox, xy3ypuda xyotcotcam kujiomohI " - AeAHJiap. 

A6y )KaxJi 6njiaH AGAyJiJiox ii6h A6y V Mafia iikkiicii: 

- A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 MiuijiaTii (AiiHii)AaH k>3 yriipacaHMii? - 
AeHHiiiAH. Yjiap A6y Tojin6ra raniipaBepAHJiap, raniipaBepAHJiap, 
x,aTro ynapra oxiiprii airrraH rami: 

- A6AyJiMyrrojiH6 AHHiiAaMaii! - AeraH cy3ii GyjiAH. IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HccajiOM: 

Aic 4jl =1 La till jjiiluiV 

- "Toku KiiilmapujiMac 3KaHM.au, cu3 ynyn ucmuzipop 
aumaeepaMau, aumaeepaMau!" - AeAHJiap. IHyHAaH cyHr Ajijiox 
Taono MaHa 6y oathm ho3iiji k;hji,zjh: 

113. Ha nafiraiviSap Ba Ha 6y MyMHHjiap - arap Myuipnioiap 
KapHH^ouijiapn Syjica x,aM - yjiapHimr ay3ax 3rajiapn 
3KaHjiHKjiapn ;ihiik MatJiyM 6yjiraHH/jaH kchhh, y Myuipnioiap 
ynyH Mar^npaT cypauijiapn /Koin 3MacflHp. (TaB6a: 113). 

Ba aHa Ajijiox, 6y xa^a MaHa 6y ojithii ho3iiji kiijiah: 



196 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

56. (3h MyxaMMan), aHHKKH, ch3 y3HHroi3 cyiiraH kiiujii.i;i|)hii 
x,HflonT KHJia ojiMaccH3, jieKHH Ajijiox, Y3H xoxjiaraH 

KHUIHJiapHH XHflOHT KHJiyp. Y XHflOHT TOnryBHH 30TJiapHH 

HXiunpOK SnjiryBHHflHp. (%acoc:56). 

By ypiiHna A6y TojiiiGiiiiHr xhc[)3ii-x,iimo5i Gopaciina TyTraH 
MaBKHfJjH xaKiina 6aeH Kiuiiiiiira x,oacaT fiyic Gyjica xepax. y Hcjiom 
AatBaTHHHHr MyTaica66iip Ba acoxHjuiap xaMjiajiapiinaH caigiaryBHii 
KyproHH 6ynraH sail. JleioiH myHnaii Gyjicana, xhaoat yMMOHiinaH 
cyB HHOJiMafi, GajiKH OTa-6o6ojiapn nHHiina kojiah. Cax,nx,n 
EyxopiiHna A66oc ii6h A6flyJiMyTrojiH6flaH K;iijiiiHraH piiBOjrrra 
xypa: 

Cax,o6anapHHHr GaMiuiapii IlaiiFaMGap ajiaiix,iiccajiOMra: - 
AMaKHHrH3ra xen (J)OHAa 6epojiMaAHHrii3Mii, axiip y cii3hii xhmoa 
Kiuiap Ba CH3 ynyH Fa3a6jiaHap 3Aii-icy?! - neiiiiiimii. HlyHna 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba cajuiaM: 

- "y dy3uxfiuHZ cae3 otcouuda 6ynadu. Aeap Men dynMazauuMda 
dy3ax,Hum am myduda 6ynap adu, " - neAHJiap. 

(Ca^ioyi Eyxopiin: 1/548). 

A6y CatHA XyApiiHnaH KiuiiiHraH piiBOjrrra xypa y, Pocyjiyjinox, 

cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba cajuiaMHii y3iiHiiHr ojiAiwa aMaiciijiapiiHii 

3cna6, raniipraHjiiiriiHii sihhtah. JKyMjianaii Pocyjiyjinox, 

cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba camiaM myHnaii neAHJiap: 

- "IIIondKU, KfieMam Kyuuda yma Menum uiaipobmuM (poiida 
6epca, 6ac ynu dy3ax,Hum Hyuypjiuzu mynuzuzana Kenadmau, am 
cae3 otcouuza Kyuunadu ". 

Xa^MHa Aiuio^HMHr pax.MaTiira 

A6y TojiiiG Ba(J)OT 3TraHnaii yn KyH yTii6, (6at>3iuiapHiiHr 
rannapiira xypa 2 oil yrn6), yMMyn MytMiiHiiiiH XanHna Giihtii 
XyBaiijiiiA po3iiajuiox,y aiixp Ba(J)OT stah. XaAiinaHiiHr Ba(J)OTii 
HyGyBBaTHiiHr 10- hhjih, PaMa30H OHiina pyii 6epAii. ymaHna 
yHiiHr yMpii 65 eiiina, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba 
canjiaMHiiHr yMpnapii 50 eiima sah. 

(H6H>KaB3HH, "Tan^iix": 7-6). 

XaAiina OHaMii3 AjuioxHiiHr Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba 
cajuiaMra 6epraH Gyiox HetMaTjiapiinaH 6npn 6yjiraH sah. XaAiina 



197 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^ju^lJ/jL^jl// 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba camiaM 6njiaH 6npra nopax acp 
6npra auia6, orap MainaKKaTjiii KymiapAa PiicojiaTHii eTKa3iiiima y 
30Tra epAaM GepAii. Orap, anaMjiii >kiix,oa KucjiapiiHii KyTapiimfla 
mepiiK GyjiAH. y IlaHFaMGap ajiaiix,iiccajiOMra y3 MOJiy-acoHH 6njiaH 
x,aMAapAJiHK, x,aMKopjiHK khjiah. YHHHr x,ai<;HAa Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba cajuiaM uiyHAafi AeiiAiijiap: 

lA JJC. AJj jS_)^ J lAAJj Jill LS^jj J ' 1_>»U5I ,_i«J^ 

- " OdaMJiap juema KO(pup 6yjiu6, uumoh KenmupM.au mypean 
naumda y (XfliduMa) juema uumoh Keiimupdu, odaMJiap Menu 
ejizoHHU kujiu6 mypean naumda y Menu macduKJiadu. OdaMJiap 
Menu MaxpyM kujiu6 mypean nozda y Menu y>3 MOJiy dynecuea 
uiepuK K,ujidu. Ajijiox, Menu yndan (pap3andjiap KypuuiuMuu 
pu3K,—nacu6 KUJidu ea yndan 6ouiKiuiapnum dojiajiapudan 
MaxpyM KUJidu. " 

(My CHa/in A>yvia/i: 6/118) . 
Cax,Hx,H EyxopuHAa A6y XiypafipaaaH KiuiiiHraH piiB05nra Kypa y 
uiyHAafi achah: 

— IIaHFaM6ap ajiaiix,iiccajiOMHiiHr xy3ypjiapnra )Kii6piiji 
ajiaHx,HccajiOM icejiiiG: 

- "3u Pocyjiajuiox., ana X,aduna Rendu. Ynum Kyjiuda 6up 
uduui 6yjiu6, ynda maoM e uiapdam eau xoMupMU 6op. Aeap y 
cu3Hum ojidumu3ea Kupca, Po66ucudan yma cojiom aumum ea 
otcannamdazu ojimundan dyjiean 6up yunum xyuixadapunu 
emK03um. Y yuda na uioeufin ea na monuKuui—HapHaui 
6yjiMaildu! " - AeAmiap. 

(Ca^H^H Eyxopiin: 1/539). 

XacjjajiMKJiapHMHr KynaMMiuM 

YuiGy iikkii KaiTa anaMjiii x,OAHcaHiiHr 6np Hena KyHjiap irwi^a 
KeTMa-xeT pyii Gepiimii Pocyjiyjinox, canjiajijioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba 
canjiaMHiiHr MyGopax K;aji6jiapiiHii xa(J)ajiiiK Ba Kaiiryra TyjiAiipAii. 
YHAaH xeiiiiH K;aBM Tapa<J)iiAaH Typnii MyciiGaT Ba a3iiaTjiap 6npiiH- 
KeTiiH Kena GomjiaAii. Kypaiiiii MyuipiiKjiapii A6y TojiiiG 
Ba(J)OTiiAaH KeiiiiH OHiiKAaH-oniiK; AyuiMaHjiiiK kiijiiiih Ba 03op 
6epnui iiyjijiapiira yTAiinap. By Hapcanap Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajuioxy 
ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaMHiiHr FaM-ryccajiapiiHii aiiana 3iieAa kiijiah. 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajinoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM y3 KaBMiujaii 6npoH 



198 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

flxiHHjiHK KypniiiAaH yMHA y3AHJiap. CyHr aatBaTjiapHHH K;a6yji 
k;hjih6 KOJiHuinapHAaH yMHA k;hjih6, ToH(J)ra HHKAHJiap. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM yjiapHHHr 
flatBaTjiapHHH K;a6yji k;hjih6, GomnaHa 6epHinjiapH Ba y3 KaBMHra 
KapuiH epAaM GepHimiapHaaH yMHA KHjiaHjiap. ToHCJDaa Ha 6npoH 
GouinaHa GepyBHH, Ha epaaM GepyBHH KHinnra iiyjiHKAHjiap. EajiKH 
TOH(J)jiHKjiapAaH y3 KaBMHnaH KypMaraH KarrHK; 03op Ba eMOH 
MyoManara ffyn KejiaHJiap. Maxxa axJiHHHHr TaacoBy3 Ba 
Ta3HHK;jiapH Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaMra Hnc6aTaH 
KynanraHH icaGn y KHuiHHHHr caxoGajiapnra x,aM KynaHAH. X,aTro 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba cajinaMHHHr jik;iih aycrjiapii 
A6y Eaicp Chaahk; x,aM MaKicaHii Tapic 3-tii6, x,H»cpaT kiuiiiih ynyH 
XaGauiHCTOHHH Ky3jia6 iiyjira hhk;ah. Eapicii Fiimoa homjih acofira 
eTraHHAa H6h ^yrymia hcmjih 6np khuih yHH y3iiHiiHr x,hmojich 
ocTHra ojih6, Maxxara K;airrapn6 KejiAii. 

(Ca^H^H Byxopnii: 1/552, H6hX,hihom: 1/372-74). 

H6h Hcx,OKHHHr airriimiiHa: 

A6y TojiiiG BacJDOTiiaaH KeiiiiH KypaiiiiijiiiKjiap Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMra yHHHr xaeTjiiiK nairriiaa kiuiiiihhii 
yMjiaMaraH HOMatKyjiHiuiiiKjiapHii Kiuia GomjiaAiuiap. X,aTro 
Jsypaiiui K;a6iuiacii HOAOHjiapiiaaH 6npn Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajinoxy 
anaiixH Ba canjiaMra pynapa Kejin6, Goiimapiira TynpoK cohiiG 
K)6opAH. Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajinoxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaM yiijiapiira 
Kejiramiapiiaa Gomjiapii Tynpoiwa 6enaHraH 3aii. K^ii3JiapiiaaH 6npn 
Aapxon Typn6, iiiiFjiaraH Kyiiii GomjiapiiaaH TynpoKHii KOK;a 
GouijiaAH. IHyHaa Pocyjiyjinox cajijiajinoxy ajiaiixn Ba cajuiaM yHra: 

- "HmnaMiizuH 3U Kfi3ajiozuM, (uidamma Awiox, omamnu 
xfiMon KfiiizyeHudup" , - aeAiuiap. HlyHaaH cyHr 5iHa: 

- "A6y Toiiud eaipom atmyma K,adap KypauuinuKJiap Mema 
6yHH(uiuK eMOHJiuKKa OKypbam qiviojieaH smuc adu, " - aeAHJiap. 

(H6HXnnioM: 1/416). 

MaHa iny hhji HHHaa 6yHra yxuiaui anaMjiH 3yjiMy-CHTaMjiap Kyn 

GyjiraHH ca6a6, 6y hhji Hcjiom Tapiixnaa "OMyji xy3H", 5tl>hh 

"xa(J)ajiHK hhjih" ae6 HOMjiaHan Ba CHHpaTaa uiy hom GnnaH 

TaHHjinG kojiah. 



199 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Ca6py MaTOHaT OMMJinapM 

TaGHHHKH xap 6np aiquiH hhcoh OHrHAa KyiiHAarH caBOJinap 
naftAO 6ynaAH. MycyjiMOHjiapHH ca6py-MaTOHaT GopacHAa aiyi 
GoBap KHjiMaiiAHraH ^apaacara ojih6 HHic^aH ca6a6y-OMHjuiap 
HHManapAaH nGopaT? 3ihhthiii GnnaH GaAaHjiap cecicaHHG, K;aji6jiap 
THTpaG KeTaAHraH AapaacaAarn 6y TaacoBy3-Ta3HHK;jiapra ynap 
KaHAafi k;hjih6 ca6p KHjiraHjiap? 

By Ta>KOBy3-Ta3HHiqiapra Ha3ap k;hjih6 HHic^aH, yui6y ca6py 
MaTOHaTHHHr ca6a6 Ba OMHjuiapHra nmopa k;hjih6 yrHiimH jio3hm 

TOnAHK. 

1-HHMOH. X,en inaK-my6xacH3 6y ca6a6y OMHjuiapHHHr 3Hr 
Ghphhhhch, GajiKH acocHHCH Ajuioxra GynraH hhmoh Ba Yhh 
x,ai<;HK;HH TaHHimiHK GnnaH TaHHiiiAHp. Cofjiom hhmoh uiapGaTHAaH 
hhcoh K;aji6H 03rHHa cyropHjiHG KOJiryAeic 6ynca, y ToraapHH 
Kyrapa onaAHraH AapaacaAa 6yjiaAH-K>, neKHH eHrHjrraK GyjiManAH. 
YuiGy MycraxxaM hhmoh Ba aHHK; 5ik;hhh coxhGh, Ayne 
MauiaKKaTjiapH xap KaHHa xyn GyjiMacHH, ynapHH y3 hhmohh 
KapuiHCHAa, TyroHy TycHKJiapHH ar^apaMaH, p,e6 KejiaerraH can 
OKHMHAarn cyB GeTH^a GynaAHraH xac-xainaKjiap icaGn KypaAH. Y 
y3H TopTaeTraH hhmoh jia33aTH, yHHHr xanoBaTH Ba hhmoh KyBOHHH 
onAHAa 6y Ayne MauiaKKaTjiapHra napBO KHjiMaHAH. 

...^Jp)H\ J? <L&Zs j*&\ £pj U \j>\j i\lsr s-*-i^ OjjJl Ufa ... 

... 3hah y KynHK-HHKHHAH y3-y3HaaH iiyK; 6yjin6 KeTyp. 
Oaaivuiapra (J)oiiAajiH SyjiraH Hapca 3ca Ep KBiiaa KOJiyp... 

(Pata: 17). 

MaHa uiy acocHH GnpjiaMHH ca6a6 GynraH HHMOHAaH 6np Hena 
moxnajiap TapannG HHK;aAH. Y moxnajiap sea MaHa uiy ca6py 

MaTOHaTHH KyBBaTJiaHTHpaAH. 

2-KAJIEJIAP YHrA P03H EYJirAH PA^EAP. By Hcjiom 
yMMaTHra, GajiKH 6amapH5rrHHHr xaMMacnra IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr y3jiapH ojihh 6oui KyMOHAOH GynraH SAHjiap. 
YuiGy eTaKHH uiaxc, 6oui KyMOHAOH ry3aji xyniqiap, Ha<J)c KaMOJiaTH 
(xap TOMOHjiaMa eTyic uiaxc), OKHjiOHa AyneK;apaui Ka6n yjiyr 
xHCJiaTjiapAaH eTapnnna pH3K;jiaHraH SAHjiapKH, y KHuiHAaH y3ra 
HHCOHjiapra 6y Hacn6 6ynraH 3Mac sah. Y 30thhhf maxcH5n\jiapHra 
KajiGjiap HHTHjiap, TannHHap Ba yHra KapuiHCHAa aoui 6epn6 



200 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

TyponMac 3ah. IlaHFaMGap ajiafixHccajiOM uiapatj), aiqi-HApoic, jixihh 
(J)a3HjiaTjiapHHHr ojihh hyk;k;hchhh sramiaraH 3AHjiap. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM iiok.jihk, H(J)(J)aT, OMOHaTAopjiHK, 
pocTryHjiHK Ba 6apna axuiHjiHK HyHajiHiHjiapuHH xac6 3th6, 
y3JiapHAa acaivuiaraH SAHjiapioi, 6yHra y khihhhhhf axiiih KypraH 
ca<J)AOui AycTjiapn Ba apramraH HHCotuiapAaH TainKapn 
AyuiMaHjiapH xaM maK-my6xa KHjiMaraH 3AHjiap. IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HccajiOMAaH coahp GynraH 6npoH KanHMa cy3 Gyjica, ytni 
pocTjiHrHra miiOHap 3AHJiap. KyHjiapHHHr 6npnAa 
KypaHuijiHKjiapAaH yn khihh 6np acofira TynjiaHuG kojihihah. 
YjiapHHHr xap Gnpn Max(J)HH cypaT^a K^yptOH THjiOBaTHra KyjiOK 
cojihG, 3iiiHTHiiiraH 3AHjiap. Illy epAa yjiapHHHr cnpnapH (J)oui 
6yjin6 kojiah. YnapAaH 6npn A6y )Kax,ji 3ah. YnapAaH 6npn A6y 
)Kax,Jira: 

- Myx,aMMaAAaH suiHTraH HapcanapHHr xai<;HAa KaHAaii (JmicpHHr 
6op? - Ae6 cypaAH. 

- 3uiHTraHjiapHM-MH? - Aea ran GomjiaAH y, - 6np MapTa 6h3 
BaHy A6AyMaHO(J) K;aBMH GnnaH uiapa(J) 6opacHAa topthihhG- 
HH30JiauiH6 kojiahk. Ynap TaoM GepAHjiap, 6h3 xaM TaoM GepAHK. 
Yjiap KyTapAHjiap, 6h3 xaM KyrapAHK. Ynap GepAHJiap, 6h3 xaM 
GepAHK. X,aTTO KapBOHjiap ojiAHAa K)3Ma-K)3 Typn6 kojiahk. By 
HuinapAa 6a6-6apo6ap 3ahk. Ynap, 6h3hhhf ocMOHAaH yHra BaxHH 
KenaAHraH naiiFaM6apHMH3 6op, - achhuiah. Eh3, 6yHAafi xpjiaTra 
KanoH eTaMH3-y?! Eh3 yHra HinoHMaHMH3 xaM, TacAHiqiaMaHMH3 
xaM, - AeAHK. 

A6y )Kax,ji 6np MapTa IIaHFaM6ap ajiaiixHccajiOMHHHr y3jiapHra: 

- 3h Myx,aMMaA, 6h3 ceHH cjifohhh AeMaiiMH3. JleiaiH ceHH 
ojihG KenraH HapcaHrHH ejiFOH achmh3, - acah. IIIyHAa Ajijiox, ynap 
x,ai<;HAa MaHa 6y OflTjiapHH hcbhji khjiah: 

.33 . ii/jc^. *iJi &$i j-JikJi ^jfij 

33. (3h MyxaMMafl), yjiapHHHr ranjiapn inaK-iny6x,acH3 ch3hh 
Max,3yH Kii.iiiiiJiiHii 6HjiypMH3. 3oTaH, yjiap ch3hh Sjifohmh 
KHjuviaiiAHjiap, SajiKH 6y 30JiHMjiap Ajuiox,HHHr OHTjiapiimi 

HHKOp KHJiaAHJiap. (Ahi.om:33). (TepMH3HH: 5/243, 3064-^). 



201 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KyHjiapHHHr GupnAa Kcxjmpjiap IIaHFaM6ap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH yn 
MapTa Macxapa KHjiAHjiap. Yhhhhh MapTacH^a Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM: 

. tu^IL * < " 1 ^ 4(jijjfl jum L 

- "3m Kypauui otcaMObacu, Men cu3/iapea 3a6x<, rt>hu 
cyuuiiuuinu onu6 KenduM.!" - AeAHJiap. By hkkh KanHMa cy3 
ynapHH toui KOTupuG KyiiAH. XaTro ynapHHHr 3Hr Kynon, aAOBara 

KaTTHKJiapH X,aM MyjIOHHMJiaiUHG kojiah. 

IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcanoM caacAara 6oui KyMuG TypraH 
HOFjiapHAa, ycTHjiapHra TyjiHHHr Hnaic-HaBOigiapHHH ojih6 KennG 
TauinaAHjiap. HlyHAaH cyHr IIaHFaM6ap anaHXHCcanoM ynapHH 
AyonGaA KHjiAHjiap. YjiapHMHr K>3JiapHAarH KynrHjiapH ynnG, FaM- 
rycca Ba xaBorap K,aMpa6 kojiah. HyHKH ynap y3 xanoKaTjiapHra 
aHHK, HinoHAHjiap. 

IIaHFaM6ap ajianxHccajiOM Yr6a h6h A6y JIaxa6HH AyonGaA 
KHjiAHjiap. y my KyHAaH GouinaG y3HHHHr xanoKaTra HyjiHK,HiiiHra 
aHHK; huiohhG auiafi GomjiaAH. XaTro y uiepHH KypraH norn^a: 
-Ajuioxra K,acaMKH, MyxaMMaA MaxxaAa Typn6, MeHH yjiAHpAH, 

- AeraH 3ah. 

yMafia h6h Xanacj) IlaHFaMGap ajianxHccajiOMra: - CeHH 
yjiAHpaMaH,- Aea nynnca K,HjiraH sah. IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcanoM 
yHra: 

- "EajiKU Men cenu yjidupaMciH, uh maa Ajijiox,!" - AeAHJiap. 
YxyA acaHrHAa IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcanoM y6aHHHHr GyiiHHra 
Haroa caHHranjiapHAa yHHHr GyiiHHAa yHna KaTra 6yjiMaraH 
acapoxaT xochji 6yjiAH. HlyHAa y Mafia: 

-MyxaMMaA xajin MaKKaflajiHrHAaeX - "Men cenu yndupaMau! " 

- AeraH 3AH. (H6h X,hiiiom:2/84). 
CatA h6h Myi.03 po3HHjuioxy aHxy MaKKaAanHK nairraAa yMafia 

h6h Xajia(J)ra: 

-MeH MyxaMMaA ajiafixnccajiOMAaH MycyjiMOHjiap ceHH 
yjiAHpHuinapHHH xaGapHHH GepraHjiapHHH sihhtahm, - acah. 
HlyHAa yMafia acyAa KypK,H6 xeTAH Ba MaicicaAaH TamK,apHra 
HHKMacnHKKa ax,A khjiah. BaAP acaHrnra yHH A6y }Kax,ji MaacGyp 
KHjiraHAa, y y3H ynyH acyAa Te3 K>rypaAHraH 6np Tya cothG ojiah. 



202 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

yMaira 6y GnnaH k,ohh6 KOJiHinra yjirypHiiiHH Ha3apAa TyTraH sah. 
BaApra TaHeprapjiHK KypaeTraHHAa xothhh yHra: 

- ilcpnGHH GupoAapjiapuHr aihraH ranHH yHyTAHHrMH? - ji,Qjxa. 

- HyK,! Ajuioxra K,acaMKH, yHyTraHHM nyX JleKHH MeH ynapHH 
onAHra yraG KeTMafi, opK,apoKAa iopaMaH! - AeraH 3 ah yMaira 
yuiaHAa. 

HHina Ajijiox, GyHHHr K,HCcacH xajiH KenaAH. 

(Ca^H^H Byxopnii: 2/563). 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr cx,3JiapHra AyniMaHjiapH 
uiyHHanHK HinoHap 3AHJiap. Ammo y khihhhhhf caxo6ajiapH-io 
AycTjiapn sea, nanraMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH y3 aconjiapHAaH a3H3 
xypap SAHJiap. IIaHFaM6ap anaHXHCcanoM ryeKH, ynapHHHr Ky3jiapH 
Ba K;aji6jiapH 3ah. MycyjiMOHjiapHHHr IlaHFaMGap ajianxHccajiOMra 
6ynraH hhh MyxaGGaTjiapn, nacTjiHKKa tomoh cyB KaHAafi OK,ca, 
IlaHFaMGap ajianxHccajiOM TOMOHra myHAan TannHHap SAHJiap. 
OAaMjiapHHHr KyHrHjuiapH IIaHFaM6ap ajianxHCcajiOMra xyAAH 
TeMHp napnanapH MarHHrra HHTHjiraHH icaGn HHTHjiap 3ah. iltHH 
rye IlaHFaMGap anaHXHCcanoM MarHHiy, MycyjiMOHjiapHHHr 
K,aji6jiapH TeMHp napnajiapn icaGu sah. CaxoGajiapmiHr yuiGy 
Myca(J)(J)o Myx,a66aTjiapH MeBacn uiy sahkh, ynap y3 6yiiHHjiapH 
chhh6, xanoic 6yjra6 xeTca-K), jieKHH Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy 
anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr MyGopax GaAanjiapHHH 6np thphok, xaM 
THpHaMaca, 6npoH thkoh xaM KHpMaca, ynap myHra po3H 6yjiap 
SAHjiap. 

KyHjiapHHHr GnpHAa MympHKjiap A6y Eaicp Chaahk;^ 
TauijiaHnG, ymi K,aTTHK, KajrraKjiaAHjiap. yr6a h6h PoGnirfca iceiinG, 
hkkh nofi KaByuiH GnjiaH K)3-Ky3H AeMafi ypa GomjiaAH. V jiatHH 
hhktijihG K,ojiraH A6y Eaicp Chaahk,hh K,opHHra caxpaAH. A6y Eaicp 
Chaahkhh uiyHHa KajrraicjiaAHjiapKH, xaTro 6ypHH GnnaH k>3hhh 
aacpaTnG GyjiMaii kojiah. A6y Eaicp Chaahk, y3HAaH KeraG, hhichjihG 
KOjiah. BaHy TaHMjiHK 6np Hena khihh yHH 6np HOHinaGra 
cojihihh6, KyrapnG yiinra khphth6 icyHAH. Ynap yHHHr yjiHMHra 
my6xa icnjiMaraH 3AHJiap. KenKH naihra 6opn6 A6y Eaicp Chaahk; 
y3Hra KennG, rannpAH. yHHHr 3Hr Ghphhhh rann: 

-Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaMra HHMa 6yjiAH? - 
AeraH caBOJi GyjiAH. yHHHr HHMa 6yjiHiiiHHH KyTn6 TypraH OAaMjiap 



203 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±^[jj^±jjl 

yHHHr 6y caBOJiHAaH aacaGnaHHuiHG, caBOJinra acaBoG xaM 6epMafi, 
acTa Tapi<;ajiHuiH6 KeTHiiiap 3KaH, yHHHr OHacn YMMyji xofipra: 

-ByHHHrra K,apa, cyBMH, TaoMMH 6ep! - AeAHJiap. OHa 6ona 
ejiFH3 KOJiHinran, YMMyn xonp yHH rannpTHpHinra ypHHAH. A6y 
Baxp Chaahk, 5iHa: 

-Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaMra HHMa 6yjiAH? - 
Ae6 cypan GomjiaAH. 

-XyAO xaKKH, AycTHHrra HHMa GynraHHAaH xaGapHM nyX - acah 
OHacn. A6y Baxp: 

-YHAan 6ynca, Yiviap h6h X,aTTo6HHHr CHHrjiHCH YMMy 
}KaMHjiHHHr onAHra 6opn6, yH^aH Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH 
Ba cajuiaM xaK,HAa cypa6 xenHHr! - p,ep,u. OHa yiiAaH hhk,h6, YMMy 
!3CaMHjiHHHr onAHra 6opAH-Aa: 

-A6y Baxp ceH^aH MyxaMMaA h6h AGAyJiJioxHHHr xa6apHHH 
cypa6 KenHuiHMHH hjithmoc k,hjiah, - AeAH. YMMy )KaMHn y3HHH 
GnjiMacjiHRKa ojih6: 

- A6y BaxpHH xaM, MyxaMMaA h6h AGAyjiJioxHH xaM 
TaHHMaHMaH. X,ox,nacaHr ceH GnnaH 6npra yrjiHHrHH onAHra 

GopHUIHM MyMKHH, - ACAH. 

- X,a, lop! - AeAH YMMyn xonp. Ynap GnpranHKAa A6y Baxp 
CnAAHKHHHr onAHra GopniiiAH. yHHHr }KapoxaTjiaHraH, ornp 
axBOHAa xypraH YMMy )KaMH.ji yHra flK,HHjiaiiiH6 HHFjiaG K>6opAH 
Ba: 

- CeHH my xynra conraHjiap (Jjhck; Ba Ky(J)p axiiHAHp. AjuioxAaH 
ceH ynyH ynapAaH hhthk,om ojihihhhh cypafiMaH! - acah. A6y Baxp 
Chaahk, yHAaH: 

- Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajuioxy anaiixH Ba camiaMra HHMa 6yjiAH? - 
Ae6 cypaAH. 

- OHaHr 3uihth6 K,ojica-HH? ! - acah YMMy )KaMHJi xaBOTHpnaHnG. 

- ByHH xen 6np 3apapn iryK,! - acah A6y Baxp Chaahk;. 

- ilxuiH, coF-canoMaTjiap, - AeAH YMMy )KaMHji. 
-X,03np KaepAanap? - AeAH. 

- H6h ApKaMHHHr xOBJiHCHAanap, - AeAH YMMy )KaMHji. 
-Ajuioxra K,acaMKH, mch to y khihhhh KypMaryHHMna Ha TaoM 

eiiMaH Ba Ha cyB nnaMaH! - AeAH A6y Baxp Chaahk; 



204 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

Yjiap KopoHry TymuG, oei^ TOBymjiapH THHrHHra Ka^ap KyruQ 
TypAHjiap. OAaMjiapHHHr iopHuiH TyxTaran, A6y Eaicp Chaahk 
hkkh aenra cyjiHraH xpjiHAa nyjira hhkah. Hkkh aen yHH 
KyjiTHFHAaH cyjuimG Pocyjryjuiox, cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaMHHHr ojiAHJiapHra ojihG KejiHiiiAH. 

YuiGy MyX,a66aTHHHr HOAHp KHppajiapHHH KHT()6HMH3HHHr 

TypjiH jKOHjiapHAa HHiiia Ajijiox, kcjithphG yTaMH3. XoccaTaH Yxyfl 
KyHHAarn XaAHA Ba y Ka6n KHiiiHjiapAaH coahp 6yjiraH 
BOKetanapAa 6y MyxaGGaT y3 aKCHHH TonraH. 

3-MACI>yjIIMTHH XHC K;HJIHIIL Cax,o6aH KHpoMjiap 
6amapHjrr 3HMMacHra iOKjiaHraH 6yK)K MacbyjiHHTHH OHrjiH 
paBHuiAa, nyKyp xhc KHjiraHjiap. Xarvma 6y MacbyjiHHTAaH xap 
KaHAafi xpjma xaM GypHjiHiii MyMKHH 3MacjiHrHHH, 6y MacbyjiHATHH 
KyTapHuiAaH k,ohhihhh eMOH OKnGaTjiapra ojih6 kcjihuihhh, ynapra 
HyjiHK;aAHraH xacpaT-HaAOMaT, GamapHjrTHHHr xaMMacnra 
HyjiHKHuiHHH Ba 6y MactyjiHaT iokhhh KyrapHiiiAaH K,OHHiiiAaH 
KeHHHrH KenaAHraH Kyji(J)aTHH 6y MaciyjiHjrT iokhhh KyTapHiiiAaH 
KenaAHraH Kyji(J)aTra KHecjia6 6yjiMacjiHrHHH 6HjiHinap Ba aHrjia6 
eTap 3AHjiap. 

4 - OXHPATrA BYJirAH HHMOH. YuiGy MacbyjinaTHH xhc 
khjihihhh KynaHTHpaAHraH Hapca 6y - oxHpaTra 6yjiraH hhmoh 
3Ah. CaxpGan KHpoMjiap 6yryH onaMjiap IlapBapAHropHHHHr 
x,y3ypHAa TypHimiapHra aca3MaH HiiiOHHAa 6yjiraHAHjiap. Yjiap 
IlapBapAHropjiapHHHHr xy3ypHAa Typn6, aMajuiapHHHr 6apna 
Karra-K) KHHurn ynyH xhcoG GepnG, MaHry GapAaBOM HetMaTra exn 
»cax,aHHaM KatpHAarn MaHry GapAaBOM a3o6ra rHpH(J)Top 
6yjiHuijiapHra aHHK; HinoHap SAHJiap. Yjiap y3 xaerjiapKHH KypKyB 
GnjiaH yMHAAa ynca3ap 3AHJiap. IlapBapAHropjiapHHHHr 
pax,MaTHAaH yMHABop 6yjin6, a3o6nAaH sea KypKnG auiap SAHjiap. 
Yjiap: 

(60) 6j«»-ij ^-gjj Ji ^i a^-j ^b^i 'i* 1 ^ bjijj ^Ji\j 

60. (KaMGaraji-GeHopajiapra) SepraH eaaaKajiapiiHii (KHeMaT 
xyHHAa xhco6-khto6 y^yH) IlapBapAiiropra KaiiTryBHH 
3KaHjiHKjiapHAaH AHJiJiapn KyPKuS TypraH x,ojiaa SepaAHraH 
Kiiuiii.iap,... GyjiraH SAHjiap. (MytMimyH: 60) . 



205 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

Yjiap AyneHHHr a3o6y poxaTjiapn, oxnpaT ormHAa namiiiaHHHr 
KaHOTHra TeHr GyjiMacjiHrHHH jixiiih 6miap SAHJiap. 

MaHa uiy Matpnt^aT, ynapra AyHeHHHHr annH*; KHHHHHHjiHKjiapH 
Ba xoimaH TOHAHpyBHH MauiaKKaTjiapHHH eHrnji khjihG 6epap sah. 
X,aTro yjiap Aynera Gepumviac Ba yHra KyHrHji GoraaMac SAHJiap. 

5 - KjyPBOH. MaHa uiyHAafi ornp, MainaKKaTjiH, KarrHK;, 
AaxmaTjiH, raAAop K;opa KyHjiapAa cypa Ba ojrrnap Hcjiom 
acocnapHHHHr xaK-pocr SKaHjiHrnra x,yacacaT, AanHjuiap GnnaH 
ho3hji 6ynH6 Typap sah. MycyjiMOHjiapHH onaMAarH MaBacyA 
6auiapHH )KaMHaTjiapAaH K>KcaicpoK, GapicaMOJipoK; »caMHaT jtbhh, 
Hcjiomhh »caMHaT 6apno k;hjihiii fiyjiHAa AjuioxHHHr K;aAapHH 
cyHHaTHra GyncyHHiiira Hyn KypcaTap Ba ynapHHHr xhc- 
TyHFynapHHH ca6py MaTOHaTra yH^aG, 6y GopaAa 3ap6yji-Macaji 
xenTHpap, xaM^a ynapra Mucojuiap 3aMHpHAarn xHKMaTjiapHH 6aeH 
Khjih6 6epap sah. 

*ldi 4JUI J^ai 0} •$ 

214. Ekh (sh MyMHHjiap), CH3JiapaaH ii.nrapii yTraH 30Tjiap 
iiSpani cin.iapra Ke.iiviaii TypiiQ >KaHHaTra KiipiiuiHii 
yiijiaflHHrH3MH? Yjiapra Sajio ea MycnSaTjiap (ycTMa-ycT) 
kcihS, uiyHflaii Jiap3ara TyuiraH MH.iapKH, xaTTO nafiraiviSap 
Ba hhmohjih Kiiuiii.iap: "Axnp KanoH AjuioxHHHr epaaivm 
KejiaflH?" fleiiiiiuraH 3%n. (HlyHAa) yjiapra SyHflafi »caeo6 
SyjiraH 3/jh: "Orox, 6yjiHHrH3KHM, AjuioxHHHr ep/iaivin 
HKHHflHp". (BaB;apa:214). 

l^Li ja £j)JS\ llsl ollj (2) tJjlsij ^ iij &T l^j^flj 01 tjS}£j 5! ^llll Cy-^-l 

2. Oflaivuiap "Hhmoh kcithpahk", Aeiiiiui.iapii SmiaHrima, 
hmthxoh Kii.niHiviaraH xo.i.napii/ia k\ ; hii6 KyHHjiiiui.iapiiHH 
yiijiaflHjiapMH?! 

3 X,oji6yKH, Bh3 yjiapaaH aBBajini (hhmoh KenTHpraH 6apna) 
Kiiuiii.iapHii hmthxoh Kii.nraH 3flHK-Ky! Bac (uiy hmthxoh 
BOCHTacHAa) ajiSaTTa Ajijiox, ("Hhmoh kcjithpahk", #e6) pocT 



206 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

cy3JiaraH MiLuiiiapiin xaM, e.iroHMH KiiiweajiapHii xaM ;ihiik 
Snjiyp. (AHKa6yT: 2-3). 

YuiGy ho3hji GynaeTraH oaTjiap rapAaHKain, MyTaicaGGup 
Kcxpupnap TOMOHHAaH Ty^HjiraH yHAHpManapHra pa# acaBoGnap 
6epn6, yjiapmiHr xHHjiaK) HaHpaHrnapura yP HH KOJiAHpMaraHH 
Ka6n, ynapHH - arap Kytppy TyreHjiapnAa KaiTHK; Typn6 onryAeic 
Gyjicanap, ynapra KenaAHraH eMOH OKnGaTjiapAaH 6at3aH ohhk- 
ohahh orox,naHTHpH6 Kyjip 3ah. AjiGaTra 6y ypuHAa Tapnx^a GynuG 
yTraH AjuioxHHHr K)6opraH GanojiapHHH, AjuioxHHHr y3 aBjinejiapn 
Ba AyuiMaHjiapn 6opacHAarn Hjioxhh cyHHaT-KOHyHHHH scnaTuG, 
AajiHjuia6 Kyap, Bat3aH 3ca, ynapHH y3 3ajiojiaTjiapHAaH KaHTapum 
ynyH TyuiHHTHpHin, fiyji KypcaTHin Ba HyjijiaG KyHHiii xaKKHHH a^o 
3THUI ynyH MynoHHM scjiaTManap 6njiaH KHCpojuiaHap sah. 

IIIyHHHrAeK, K^yptOH MycyjiMOHjiapHH GyryHjiaH 6ouiK;a onaMra 
eTaKjiaG, ynapra kohhot MaroapajiapuHH, PyGyGmrr >KaMOJiHHH, 
yjiyx,H5iT KaMOJiHHH, Mexp-paxMaT HaMyHanapHHH Ba ph3boh 
(Ajuiox,HHHr po3HjiHrH) yHKyHjiapHHH KypcaraG KyjipAHKH, 
MycyjiMOHjiap yma yH^yHjiap capn myHAafi 6np uiaBK; 6miaH 
HHTHjiap SAHJiapKH, xen 6np aoboh yHra TycHK; 6yjia onMac 3ah. 
MaHa my ojmiapAa MycyjiMOHjiapra xnToGnap GyjinG, yH^a: 

(21) *-2i ^j«j i&i ^ o^"i y&J3 ^ ^~Ji p&J (**r^rf 

21 IlapBapfliirop.iapii yjiapra Y3 Tapa(|)iiaaH paxMaT Ba 
pinojiiiK x,aMfla yjiap ynyH SyjiaanraH waHHaT.nap 
xyuixaSapHHH SepypKH, y >KaHHaT.iapaa aohmhii HeBMaTjiap 
SopflHp. . (TaB6a: 21). 

y3JiapH xokhm Ba 6ouijihk 6yjiH6, AjuioxHHHr AymMaHjiapn 
6ynraH Ta>KOBy3Kop KCXpupjiapHHHr cypaTjiapuHH TacBHpjia6 
6epaAH-Aa, cyHrpa: 

(48) ji-> j~J> (jiji p4*jkj ^ j&\ J> 0j^4 fii 

48. Yjiap H)3Ty6aH xojuiapHfla ay3axra cyapajiaflHraH KyH/ja 
(ynapra): ",3,y3ax asoSiiHii tothS Kypimrjiap!" (Aeiffljiyp). 

(E;aMap:48). 

6- 3A<I>AP ^A^H^ArH ^YIIIXAEAPJIAP. IHyHflafi 

6yncaAa, MycyjiMOHjiap GocHMjiap, Ta>KOBy3-Ta3HHiQiap Ba 

KapuiHjiHKjiaprH pynapa KenraH hjik KyHjiapnAaH 6ouuia6, 6ajiKH 



207 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KHjiraH KyHjiapHAaH 6ouuia6, - Hcjiomhh K;a6yji 
Khjihih AeraHH (J)aK;aT Mamaiwrjiap hckh6, MycnGaTjiap topth6 
yTHin AeraHH 3Mac, 6ajiKH Hcjiom AatBaTH y3HHHHr AacrjiaGicH 
KyHjiapHAaH 6ouuia6, acoxHjuiapHHHr acax,ojiaTHra Ba yjiapHHHr 
30jihm HH30MjiapHra AicyH aca6, ep K)3Hra AjuioxHHHr 
uiapHi.aTHHH ypHaTHin, 6yTyH hhcohhjithh, 6amapHH acaMHjrrjiapHH 
Ajijiox, pH30JiHrHra eTaKjiaui ynyH Ba ynapHH HHCOHjiapra 6yjiraH 
KyjijiHKAaH Ajuiox,HHHr H6oAaTHra ojih6 hhk;hiii ynyH onaivmarH 
chhchh MaBKHtJjHH arajuiaiiiHH y3 onAHra MaKcaA khjihG 
KyHraHjiHrHHH TymyHnG eTHmapAHJiap. 

K^yptOH MaHa my GamopaTjiapHH rox,o OHHK;-paBiiiaH, rox,o 
KHHoanap GnjiaH ojih6 KenapAH. MycyjiMOHjiapra Ayne Top 6yjin6, 
ynapHH x,ap Tapa(J)AaH 6y>H6, 6ocHMjiap KynaiiHG TypraH 6np 
naiiTAa K^yptOH ojmiapH naHraM6apjiap GnnaH ynapHH cjifohhh 
KHjiraH KaBMjiapH ypTanapHAa 6yjin6 yTraH KHCcanapHH xhkoji 
k;hjih6 Tyuiap 3ah. YuiGy ojrrjiap Maxxa axJin MycyjiMOHjiapn Ba 
KO(J)HpjiapHHHHr x,ojiaTjiapHra MyTjiaKO moc KenaAHraH 3HicpjiapHH 
y3 HHHra onapAH. CyHr yma xonaTAaH Keim6 HHK^aH HaTHJKanap, 
atHH 30HHM Ba KO(J)HpjiapHH xajioicaTra k>3 TyTraHjiHrHHH, xaM^a 
Ajuiox,HHHr cojihx, GaHAanapH ep K>3Hra fojih6 GyjinG, yHra arajiHK 
KHjiraHjiapHHH scnaTap 3 ah. 

Ma3Kyp KHCcanapAa MaKKa axJiHHHHr Kena)KaKAa Marjiy6 
6yjiHuiHjiapH Ba MycyjiMOHjiapHH Hcjiom AatBaTH GnnaH 6npra 
3a<J)ap KyHHiujiapHra aHHK-paBinaH nmopajiap 6yjiap 3ah. MaHa 
uiyHAafi ofhp AaMjiapAa MyMHHjiap rajiaGacHHHHr GamopaTHHH 
ohhk;-ohahh 6aeH k;hjih6, ojrrjiap ho3hji 6yjiAH. Ajijiox, Taono 
"Co4)(J)aT" cypacuHHHr 171-177- oaTjiapnAa myHAaii achah: 

b\£Lf$ja& (72) ^Ju5 m~i d^j'f aiij (71) ^Jj'^ jisi ^4^ IP" ^i 

O^l^iil '^c& £jl utSu 1% (74) ^alkti\ Jjl SLp *|l (73) ^jjlld^ I43U. 

(77) js3$' (♦-» ^jji &**-j •(♦-*&*)' o}S3l ^ Haij aQ^ij (75) 

171-172-173. Ahiikkii, Bn3HHHr nafiraiviQap SyjiraH 
6aHflajiapHMH3 xaKiiaa: "IHaK-iiiy6x,acH3 yjiap KyJiJiaS- 
KyBBaTjiaHTHpryBHHjiapflHp Ba uiaK-uiy6x,acH3 Bn3HHHr 
KyuiiiHiiMin (jh.hh naiiFaM6apjiap Ba yjiapra hhmoh KejiTHpraH 



208 



AppoxuKVJi Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

KHiiiHjiap) fojihS SyjiryBHH/jHpjiap", aeraH Cy3HMH3 yrraH - 
coSht SyjiraHflnp. 

174. Bac (3H Myx,aMMaA), CH3Jiap yjiapaaH (jh.hu Maiuca 
KO(J)HpjiapHAaH MatJiyM) 6np eaKTrana K)3 yrnpHHr! 

175. Ba yjiapHH (jiKHHAa MarjiyG GyjiraHjiapHAa) KypHHr! Bac, 
HKiiHAa yjiap (icyc[)pjiapHHHHr OK;H6aTHHH) Kypaftcaioiap! 

176. X,ajiH yjiap Eh3hhhf a3o6iiMinHii uiouiTHpMOKaaMHjiap?! 

177. Bac, kshoh (Eh3hhhf a3o6nMH3) yjiapHHHr \OBjiiijiapiira 
(atHH ycTjiapHra) TymraHHfla yina oroxJiaHTHpnjiraH 
KHMcajiapHHHr KymiapH acyaa eMOH Syjiyp. 

"EJaMap" cypacHHHHr 45- ojrraAa sea: 

(45) yM\ OjJjJj y^i\ ?}&* 

45. HKHHfla yina acaivioaT eHrnjinS, opTjiapnra KapaS kohh6 
KOJiypjiap! 

Xa6auiHCTOHra x,H>KpaT KHjiHiiiraH MycyjiMOHjiap xa^H^a Ajijiox 
MaHa 6y OJroiapHH ho3hji khjiah: 

jspVj <&**- till I ,i j^jj^l l>ilfe U oAj j^ AlJt ,J Ijj^-la jjJJlj 

(41) Djilij IjJlS'jJ ji'l 3^1 

41. 3yjiMy KmiHOKiapra aynop SyjiraHjiapHflaH cyHr, Ajijiox, 
iiyjiHfla xnacpaT Kiiirati 30TjiapHH ajiSarra 6y ayHeaa x,aM ry3aji 
(ryuianapra) 5KoiijiainTHpypMH3. 3hah oxnpaT a/Kpn - 
MyKO^)OTH una ja KaTTapoK 3KainiHH (oAaMjiap) Smicajiap 3/ih! 

(Hax?i:41) . 
IIaHFaM6ap ajiaiixHccajiOMAaH K)cy(J) ajianxHccajiOM xai^Hfla 
cypaAHJiap. Ajijiox, yHHHr xa^HAarH ojrrjiapHH ho3hji khjiah: 

(7) cpky^ £->fy £F~l3 ^'M ls? &&>& 
7. flapxaiqiKaT, K)cy^) Ba yHHHr ora-HHHjiapH (xaKHAarii 
KHCca)fla cyparyBHHjiap ynyH OHT-nSpaTjiap Sopanp. 

(IOcy4):7). 
iltHii cypoBHH 6yjiraH Maxica axJiJiapn K)cy(J)HiiHr aicajiapH Ka6n 
MarjryG 6yjin6, TacjiHM Gyjrypjiap. Ajijiox IlaHFaMGapjiapHH 3Hicp 
Khjih6, inyHAaii acah: 



209 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

eilii-j ^Ub *_9L?- j-iJ dJUi *-»^«J ^r5 j^J^ 1 &&A3 (13) ^sJ^Jt 5^4-^ 

(14) JL-fj 

13-14. Ky<J)p iiyjiHHH TyTraH KHMcajiap y3JiapHHimr 
nafiFaiviSapjiapHra: "AjiSaTTa, 6h3 ciojiapim epinviinaaH xaii,na6 
HHK;apypMH3 Skh ciojiap 6H3Himr AiimiMinra KaiiTypciojiap", 
aeflHjiap. IHyHfla IlapBapfliiropjiapH yjiapra (ji-bHn 
naHFaM6apnapra): "AjiSaTTa, Bh3 6y 30JiHMjiapHH x,ajioK 
KHJiypMH3 Ba yjiapaaH cyHr my epmi CH3Jiap ynyH MacKaH 
KHJiypMH3. By (BatAa) MeHHHr xy3ypHMfla (cypoK-caBOJi 6epn6) 
TypnuiflaH KypKyBHH Ba MeHHHr (KOcfmpnapHH Ay3axra 
rHpH(J)Top kiijiiiih xycycHAarn) Bai>Aaivi,naH xaBt|) KHJiryBHH 

KHuiHjiap yHyHflnp", - ae6 Bax,nii io6opflH. 

(H6po^HM: 13-14). 
Oopcnap Gujiaii pyMjiHKjiap ypTacnAa ypym ojiobh eHn6, 
KO(J)Hpjiap MyuipHK 6ynraHH ca6a6, 4)opcjiapHHHr Fajia6acnHii 
xpx,Jia6, MycyjiMOHjiap pyMjiHKjiap Ajuioxra, YHHHr 
naHFaM6apnapHra, Baxniira, khto6 Ba oxnpaTra 6yjiraH niiMOHjiapii 
ca6a6jiH yjiapmiHr Fajia6acnHn xpx,jia6, Oopcnap 3ca fojih6 6yjin6, 
onAHHra K>pn6 TypraH 6np naiiTAa, Ajijiox, Taono 6np Hena iiiijijiap 
HHHAa PyMHHHr fojiiiG Gyjiiim 6ainopaTHHii 6epn6, "PyM" 

CypaCHHH H03HJI KHJIAH. 

2-3-4-5. 3Kyaa jikiiii Hcon/ia PyM MarjryS SyjiflH. (JleKHH) yjiap 
(jii>hii pyMjiHKjiap) 6y MarjiySHHTjiapnaaH cyHr 6np Hena hhji 
HMHfla ajiSaTTa rajiaSa KiijiavKaicnap. ABBajiy oxnp 6apna hui 
Ajijioxhhhf (H3MHAa)flHp. Yma KyH/ja MyMHHjiap Ajijiox, 
(pyMjiHKjiapHH) fojihS KHJiraHH ca6a6jin mofljiaHypjiap. (Ajijiox,) 
Y3h xox,jiaraH khuiiihii fojihS KHJiyp. Y KyapaT Ba pax,M- 
uia(|)KaT 3raCHflHp. (PyM: 2-5). 

Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajuioxy ajiaibcH Ba cajuiaMHHHr y3jiapn x,aM 
6ai.3ima uiy Ka6n xaGapjiapHH 6epn6 Typap 3AHjiap. X,aac MaBcyMH 
Kejin6, OAaMjiap KynaiiraH naiiTjiapAa Ykko3, Mn5KaHHa, 3yji 



210 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Maaco3 icaGu OAaMjiap TyruiaHaAHraH acofijiapAa OAaMjiap opacnAa 
Typn6 PHConaTHH TaGjinr KHjiap SAHjiap. IIaHFaM6ap ajiafixHccajiOM 
OAaMjiapra acaHHaT xymxaGapuHH GepnGrnHa KOJiMafi, 6ajiKH 
yjiapra ohhk;-ohahh k;hjih6: (Ca^H^HByxopufi: 1/543, 1/510). 

"3m odoM/iap, "JIa Hnox,a ujijkijijiox," - dem/iap, 6ac, naotcom 
monacu3Jiap eaynum ca6a6udan cu3Jiap 6apna apadnapza nodmo 
6ynacu3Jiap ea cu3za awcoMJiap dyucyuadu. Aeap yjicwiapum, 
McaHuamda nodmox, 6ynacu3Jiap! " - AeAHJiap. 

(H6HCa-bfl:l/216). 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH YrGa h6h PoGnHta KejinmyBra 
Hopna6, AyneBHH parGaTjiap Taminc)) 3TraH HOFHAarn yHra GepraH 
acaBoGnapHHH Ba YrGa IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr Hiiinapn 
fojihG GyjiHuiHHH TyuiyHnG eTraHjiHrHHH K>K;opHAa THjira ojih6 
yTAHK. IIIyHHHrAeK, A6y TojihGhhhf xy3ypnra KenraH oxuprn 
3jiHHjiapra 6epraH acaBoGnapuHH Ba IIaHFaM6ap ajiafixHccajiOM 
yjiap^aH GuprnHa KanHMaHH Tana6 KHjiraHjiapuHH, yma KanHMaHH 
aHTcanap, xaM apa6, xaM aacaM AyHecura iioaiiio 6yjiHinjiapHHH 
aHTraHjiapHHH xaM K>K;opHAa THjira ojih6 yTAHK. 

KyHjiapHHHr GupnAa X,a66o6 h6h ApaiT y3 GypAanapura 
eHGouiJiaG TypraH PocynyjiJiox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr 
onAHJiapHra iceiinG: 

- 3h Pocyjiajinox,, Ajinoxra Ayo KHjiMaHCH3MH? - acah. Hymen 
MyuipHKjiap TOMOHHAaH GynaeTraH a3o6-yKy6aTjiap KynaHuG 
xeTraH sah. PocynyjiJiox, cajijiajuioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr 
K)3JiapH Fa3a6AaH KireapuG, ypuHjiapnAaH Ky3FajiH6 yrapuG 
onAHjiapAa: 

Mn^P j z^l £ja <LaUaC <jjJ JjJ^il JaLuL a j Jo2u a A »SAj1 £)•* <jLS iiJ 

— "Cu3JiapdiiH aeeajizujiapuu cymucu3, eytumy naunapunu 
meMup mapoKjiap 6ujiuh mupnauiapdu. Jleuun 6y 0306 yuapnu y>3 
duHJiapudan 6ypu6 xyuMac adu. Andamma Ajijiox, 6y uuihu 

211 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MyKOMMOJi Kfiiiadu. X,ammo 6up uyjioenu Cawbodau uynza HUKfi6, 
X,a3opajiMaermaHa wpu6 Kenadu. Y (paK,am Annoxjdan ea 
Kyunapuza (xyatcyM k,ujiuui 3x;miiMOJiu 6yjiean) dypudau domi^a 
x,eH napcadau i^ypignaudu. JleiaiH cu3Jiap uiouiKfliioKjiuK 
Kfinacu3iiap" , - AeAHJiap. 

Matra my GamopaTjiap Maxima, ciipjrn cypaT^a GyjiMafi, 6ajiKii 
ouiKopa ohhk;-ohahh 6yjiraH sah. YjiapHii MycyjiMOHjiap 6njiraHii 
Ka6n KO(J)Hpjiap x,aM GiijiiimapAii. X,aTro AcBaA h6h MyTTOJiiiG Ba 
yHHHr xaMcyxGaTnapn Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba 
cajinaMHHHr acxo6jiapiiHii KypramiapiiAa, 6np-6npjiapiira Ky3 
k;iiciiiiiii6, iimopa k;iijiii6: 

-AHa Kiicpo Ba K^aiicap MyjiKiiHii TopTiiG onaAiiraH, ep k>3ii 
noAmox,jiapH Kejiajurra, - jj,en k;iihk;iipiiiiiii6, xynrraic Ba nanaicjiap 
HajlllG Macxapa KHJllllliap 3AH. (Ciuip X,ajia6mi: 1/511-12). 

flyHeAa jik;iih KenaacaKAa k>3 Gepiimii KyTiijiaerraH MaHa uiy 
yMHAJiH, epKHH GauiopaTjiap ojiAHAa cax,o6anap y3Jiapnra xap 
Tapa(J)AaH eniipiijiiiG KejiaerraH 3yjiMii-cirraM Ba TaacoBy3- 
Ta3HHK;jiapHH xyAAH e3 ocMOHiiAarii Te3 Tapi<;a6 KeTaAiiraH 6ynyT 
napnacii ypmiAa K;a6yji KiuiapAiiJiap. 

HlyHHHrAeic, Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajuioxy ajiaiixii Ba camiaM 
ynapHHHr pyxJiapiiHii aoiimiih cypaT^a hhmohhh parGaT 
naiiiMajiapHAaH cyropii6, ynapHH KyptOH Ba x,HKMaT TatJiiiMOTjiapii 
6njiaH noKjia6, ynapHH nyicyp Ba AaKiiK TapGira 6njiaH Tap6ii5ijia6, 
ynapHHHr pyxJiapiiHii ojihh pyx, Maroiuiiira, K;aji6nii mac[)c[)oc[)jiiiK, 
xyjiKHH noKjiHKKa nopjiaG Typap SAiiJiap. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajinoxy 
ajiaiixii Ba camiaM y3 acxo6jiapiiHii moaahat cajiTaHaTii Ba xoio- 
xaBac 6oTK;oFiiAaH cyrypiuiiiG, epy ocMOHjiap Po66ncn pii30cn capii 
iiHTiijiiiuira yH^aG Typap 3AHJiap. Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba 
camiaM ynapHH 3yjiMaTAaH Hypra eTaxnaG, 03opjiapra ca6p kiijiiiih, 
Ha(J)CHii eHriiui Ba KeHiipiiMjiii Gyjiiimra ypimap SAHJiap. 
CaxoGanap 3ca ahhhii nyicyp aiirjiaG, xoio-xaBacjiapAaH iiiipoK 
6yjin6, Ajijiox pireocii ynyH c|)iiaoiih 6yjin6, acamiaT capii 
HHTiijiyBHii, iijiMra xapiic, AHHAa (J)aK;iix, Ha(J)CHii aciijiOBjiaii 
onaAiiraH, Ha<J)c xoio-xaBacjiapiiAaH fojiii6, Kaxpy ra3a6ra mojiiik Ba 
ca6py BiiKopjiii, GapxaMOJi iiHCOHjiapra aiijiaHAiijiap. 

& & * 



212 



AppoxuKVJi MOxmyM ^ju^lJ/JL^jl// 

YHMHHM MAP^AJIA MAKKA TAUJKAPMCMflA 
MCJ10M flA"bBATI/l. 

Pocyjiyjuio* Tonc})fla 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 10- hhjih, HlaBBOJi ohh, 619- mhjioahh iiHJiHHHr 
Man ohh oxnpH Ba hkdh ohh GomjiapHAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy 
anaHx,H Ba canjiaM ToH(J)ra ca<J)apra HHKAHJiap. Toh(J) MaxxaAaH 60 
mhji y30K;jiHKAa aconjiauiraH 6np maxap 6yjin6, Pocyjiyjinox 
cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM y epra nneAa K)pn6, 6opn6 KejiAHJiap. 
y KHiiiHra xH3MaTKopnapH 3anA h6h X,opnca xaMpox GyjiAH. Ynap 
fiyji y3pa Kafi 6np K;a6HJiaAaH yTMacHHjiap, y KaGnnanapHH HcnoMra 
AatBaT 3TapAHJiap. JleiaiH 6npoH K;a6HjiaAaH x,aM h>ko6hh acaBoG 
onMaAHjiap. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM ToH(J)ra 
eraG 6opn6, Ca^HfJ) pancjiapHAaH 6yjiraH yn axa-yxa - Amp h6h 
YMafip CaKHtJjHHHHHr yFHjinapH A6Aye\jiHji, MactyA Ba X,a6H6jiap 
6miaH ynpauiHG, yjiapHH Ajinoxra hhmoh KejiTupuG, HcnoMra 
epAaM KHjiHinra naKHpAHjiap. YnapAaH Gnpn: 

- Arap Ajijiox ceHH naHraiviGap k;hjih6 K)6opraH Gyjica, 
KatGaHHHr napAacmiH iinpTaAH, - acah. Hkkhhhhch sea: 

- Ajijiox, ceHAaH y3ra OAaMHii TonMaAHMH-a? ! -acah. Vhhhhhch: 

- MeH ceH 6njiaH xaprii3 ranjiamMaiiMaH. Arap ceH xaKHK;aTAaH 
xaM naiiFaMGap 6yjicaHr-y MeH ceHra ran KairrapiiG KyiicaM, 6y 
acyAa Karra xaTapAHp. Arap Ajijiox uiatHiira ejiFOH airraeTraH 
GyjicaHr, ceH GnjiaH ranjiamiiui acno acoii3 3Mac, - acah. 
Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajioxy anaiixii Ba camiaM yjiapHiiHr xy3ypjiapiiAaH 
xeTap 3KaHjiap: 

"Cu3Jiap tquiap umumu3HU Kfinu6 6yndumu3, audit 6y eawicip 
ypmaMU3da k,ojicuh, " - AeAHJiap. 

Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajioxy anaiixii Ba camiaM Toii(J)Aa 10 KyH 
TypAiijiap. YjiapHiiHr yjiyrnapiiAaH kiimhii HaKiipraH Gyjicanap, 
yjiap Kejin6 raruiaiiiAHjiap. CyHipa ynap: 



213 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M 



~c la " II (Jjj^yJI 



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~&UJl J\ *i J*' Jj->j Je> ^> 



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4 



7 



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la 



V J\\ IT" 



ft 3 / 



1 



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ToH^)ra Sopraima 6och6 yTraH iiyjijiapH xapnTacn 



214 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- EH3HHHr K>pTHMH3AaH Te3Aa HHKH6 KeT! - AeHHIHAH Ba hoaoh 

acox,HjijiapHHH nanraMGap anaHXHCcanoMra K,apiiiH rnac- 
rHatnaAHjiap. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM ToHc[)AaH 
HHK;aeTraHjiapHAa, y KHiiiHHHHr opK,ajiapHAaH ToHc|)HHHr axMOK- 
HOAOHjiapH Ba KyjinapH 3praiim6 hhkh6, xap-XHji rannap GnnaH 
xaK,opaT khjih6, KHHKHpmiiap 3-ah. X,aTro OAaMjiap acaMjiaHHiiiHG, 
hkkh ca(J) 6yjiAHjiap-Aa, nanraMGap ajianxHccajiOMra toiii OTa 
GouiJiaAHJiap. Ax,MOK,OHa rannap GnnaH opTjiapHAaH TomGypoH 
KHjiAHjiap. X,aTTO KaByuinapH K,OHra 6yjuiAH. 3aiiA h6h X,opnca y 
khihhhh TycuG xhmoji KHjiap, Tomjiap yHra kcjihG TerapAH. IIIyHAa 
3aHAHHHr 6ouih epmiAH. By hoaoh ax,MOK,jiap nanraMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHH ToHc[)AaH 3 mhji y30igiHKAarH y3yM3op AeBopn 
onAHrana KyBnG GopAHJiap. Y3yM3op Po6HHt>aHHHr hkkh yrjiH 
YT6a Ba HlHHGajiapra TernuijiH 3-ah. Illy epra eTraHjiapHAa 
ToH(J)jiHKjiap opTra K,aHTAHjiap. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaM 6np y3yM Aapaxra coacnra KejinG, AeBopra cyaHnG 
yTHpAHjiap. YthphG ypHamran, y3jiapH HyjiHK,K,aH khhhhhhjihk 
Ty(J)aHjiH K;aji6jiapH raM-ryccara TynnG, GnpoH khihh xaM HHMOHra 
KenMaraHHAaH a<J)cycjiaHH6, Mamxyp AyonapHHH KiuiAHjiap: 

- "3h AjIJIOXHM, MeH KyBBaTHMHHHr 3aH(J)JIHrH, TaA6HpHMHHHr 

03JiHrH Ba OAaMjiapra xopjinrHMAaH y3HHrra ihhkoat KHjiaMaH. 3h 
Pax,MjiHjiap Pax,MjiHCH, ceH 3anc[) GenopajiapHHHr Ba MeHHHr 
Po66HMcaH. MeHH KHMjiapra ToniiiHpHG Ky&mcaH? ToKaHrana 
MeHra x,yacyM KHjiaAHJiap? Ekh MeHHHr huihmhh K,OHa-K,OHra mohji 
khjihG KyHAHHrMH? MeHra ra3a6 KHjiMacaHr 6ac, acno napBO 
KHUMacMaH! 3h Ajijioxhm, 3yjiMaTjiapHH epmraH Ba Ayne-K) 
oxnpaT HuinapHHH hcjiox, KHjiraH K)3-HypHHr xaK,KH, MeHra 
Fa3a6nHr KejimiiHAaH Skh MeHra ra3a6 KHJiHiiiHHrAaH Y3HHrAaH 
naHOx, cypaiiMaH! Tokh MeHAaH po3H GyjiryHKHrrana pH30JiHrHHrHH 
HCTanBepaMaH. Kyn KyApaT (J)aK;aT y3HHrAaAHp!" 

PoGHHtaHHHr hkkh yrjiH nanraMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH Kypn6, 
pax,MjiapH KenAH Ba y3jiapHHHHr Aaaoc hcmjih HacpoHHH 
KyjuiapHHH Ha^HpnG, yHra: 

- MaHa 6y y3yMAaH 6np Gouihhh y3n6, xy-y aHaBH KHinnra ojih6 
6opn6 6ep!- achhuiah. Aaaoc y3yMHH nanraMGap 



215 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr ojiAHJiapura ojihG kojihG KyiiraH, yHra Kyn 
y3aTaeTH6 IlaHFaMGap ajiafixHccajiOM: 

" EucMUJiJiax,, 5n>HH Ajijio^huhc homu 6ujkih!" - jj,e6 ea 
GouijiaAHjiap. 
IIIyHAa Aaaoc Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaMra: 

- By cy3HH 6y epjiHK OAaMjiap HinjiaTHiiiMaHAH-Ky? ! - acah. 
Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM yHAaH: 

"CeH lyiu wpmdaucaH ea dunum humu?" - p,e6 cypaAanap. 
Aaaoc: 

-MeH HnHHaBO axAHAaH, HacpoHHHMaH! - Aea acaBo6 khjiah. 
Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM: 

"Conux, uhcoh lOnyc u6h Mammo wpmudan 3KUHcaH-da", - 

AeAHjiap. 

- K)Hyc h6h MaiTOHH ch3 KaepAaH 6miacH3? - Ae6 cypaAH. 
IIaHFaM6ap anaHXHCcajiOM: 

"y Menum 6upodapuM, namiiMdap dynzan. Men x,um 
namaMdapMau,"- AeAHjiap. Aaaoc 3HrauiH6, IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HccajiOMHH 6omy, Kyn Ba oeiqiapHAaH yna GouinaAH. 
PoGHHtaHHHr yFHjinapH 6np Gupjiapura: 

- XH3MaTKopHHrHH ceHra 6y3n6 6epAH meKHjuiH? ! - acah. 
Aaaoc KairraG Kenran, 

- KypuG xeTKyp, 6y HHMa KHjiraHHHr? - AeAHjiap. 

- 3h x,oacaM, ep K>3HAa MaHa my KHuiHAaH jixmnpoK KHMca fiyic. 
y MeHra uiyHAafi 6np xa6apHH 6epflHKH, ytni (J)aK;aTrHHa 
naHFaM6apnaprHHa GmiaAH xojioc, - Aea acaBoG khjiah Aaaoc. 
Yjiap: 

- K^ypuG xeTKyp, 3h Aaaoc. By ceHH y3 AHHHHrAaH 6ypn6 
KyiiMacHH. Hymen ceHHHr AHHHHr yHHHr AHHHAaH a(J)3ajiAHp, - 

AeHHUIAH. 

(H6hXhhiom:1/419-21). 

Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM y3yM3opAaH hhk;h6, 

FaMrHH-xa(J)ax,oji, AHJirnHKacra 6np xpjiAa Maxxara fiyji onAHJiap. 

IlaHFaMGap ajiaftxHccajiOM "K^apH AjiMaH03Hji"ra eTraHjiapnAa, 

Ajijiox, Taono )Kh6ph.ji ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH Tornap (JjapHiirracH 6miaH 

216 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^ju^lJ/jL^jl// 

Gupra Yz x,a6n6HHHHr onAHra K>6opAH-Aa, arap IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOM Hcracajiap Maxxa ax,jiHHH ycrara hkkh tofhh 
6octhph6 K)6opHuiHHH GyiopAH. 
Hmom ByxopHH y3 caHaAHAa YpBa h6h 3y6anpAaH KHeca 

Ta(J)CHJIOTHHH Tyjia-TyKHC pHBOflT KHJiraH. YHAa aHTHJIHUIHHa: 

Onma po3H5uuioxy aroco IlaHFaMGap ajiaibcHccajioivmaH 6np 
xyHH: 

- Cn3ra Yx,yA KyHHAaH-Aa OFHppoK KyH x,aM KenraHMH? - p,e6 
cypaAH. IIIyHAa Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM: 

"Men K,aeMumdaH uyjiuu^au napca, Men yjiapdan Ai^ada 
Kyuuda KypeandaH-da i^ammuKpoK, 6yjidu. Men Adduenwi u6h 
Addyayjioma uyjiuK,duM. Y Men ucmazau uapcaza po3u 6yjiMadu. 
Men 2UMCUH 6yjiu6, W3UM capzauub', uyjiza mymduM. Y3umzu 
Kenu6 K,apacaM, 6up naum "K,apuuc caonu6"da mypu6M.au 
(K,apuun m(iho3uji x,um auuu my ep). Eouiumhu aymapud ocMoma 
qapacoM, menoMda 6up 6ynym con KfiJiu6 mypuddu. Cuhhukjiu6 
KapacaM, 6yjiym opacuda Mudpuji asiauxJucccmoM mypuddu. Y 
Mema uudo k,ujiu6: 

- Ajijiox. maono K i aeMumu3Hum cu3za 6yjizan eanjiapunu ea 
cu3za 6epeun pad ztcaeoduuu 3uiumu6, cu3Hum uxmuepumu3za 
moz (papummacuHU wdopdu. Yma K i aeMumu3 x,aKfida humuhu 
ucmacamu3 uiynu 6ywpum! —dedu. Illyuda moz (papummacu 
Mema cojiom 6epu6: 

- 3u Myx;aMMad, humuhu 6ywpucu3? Aeap ucmacamu3 
yjiapuum ycmujiapma ukku Ax,uiu6hu 6ocmupu6 KynMuu! — 
dedu. 

Hkkh Ax,ma6AaH MypoA MaKKaHHHr hkkh tofh. Enpn A6y 
K^yGanc, hkkhhhhch yHHHr pynapacHAarn "KytaHKHtOH" tofhahp. 
IlaHFaMGap anaibcHccajiOM yHra acaBoGaH: 

"Eojiku Men, Ajijiox, U33u ea okojijiu dyjiapuum nyuimu 
KUMapudau Ajijiox.huh2 eVi2U3 Y3uza udodam k<ujiu6, Yma x,en 6up 
uapcauu uiepuK KfiJiMauduzau 3yppuemjiap HUK,apuuiuHU yMud 
KfiJiaManl " — AeAHJiap. 

(Ca^H^H ByxopHH:3231-7389->^, Ca>^H MycniiM: 2/109). 



217 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM KHjiraH MaHa 6y 
acaBoGAa y KHuiHHHHr mhcjich3 GyjiraH maxcHjrrjiapH Ba 
MHKAopHHH yjinaui hmkohh 6yjiMaraH, 6yK)K xyjiK,jiapH HaMoeH 
6ynaAH. 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba cajinaM y3Jiapnra Kejiran, 
IlapBapAHropjiapHHHHr erra K,aT ocmoh TenacHAaH KHjiraH foh6hh 
HycpaTHAaH KyHrHjuiapn x,OTHp>KaM 6yjiH6, Maicica capn iiyji 
onAHjiap. Hax,na BOAHHcnra eraG Kejin6, y ep#a 6np Hena KyH 
TypAHjiap. Hax,na BOAHHCHAa AaM ojihih ynyH Kyjiaii GynraH hkkh 
>koh 6yjin6, yjiap^aH 6npn "AccaHJiHji KaGnp", hkkhhhhch 
"3aHMa" 3#h. By hkkh acofiAa cyB Ba Maiica3opjiap 6op sah. By 
hkkh >KOHAaH aiiHaH K,aii Gnpn^a BaKTHHna TyxTaG TypraHjiapn 
xaKWia TyxTajiiiG yrMaiiMii3. 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaHx,H Ba canjiaM HaxJia BOAHHCHAa 
3KaHjiHKjiapHAa Ajijiox Taono y KHuiHHHHr x,y3ypnapHra JKHHjiapAaH 
6ynraH 6np Ha(J)apjiapHH io6opAH. ByHH Ajijiox, KyptOHAa hkkh 
acoiiAa 3HKp KHjiraH. EiipiiHHHCii Axk,oc[) cypacHHHHr 29-31- 
oaTjiapHAa: 
jj> Jjjt disTUi^i ui \j*j3 u t^lii (29) (3ij^ £4iP ^Jl !ili c?& ^* 'j*** 3 ' 

\Hj3 \j (30) *f JaLu t frtje ^giVy £&tl\ ^jJ} if^&t *•>& J~4 *-»J «JUaJ (_5-^^« JL*J 

(31) *Ji i_jiJL£ j* «i>^4j p-Njk °yt ffi j$h 9. jj^j ^ C£^ 'jW 

29. (3ii MyxaMMaA) 3CJiaiir, Bh3 CH3HHHr 0JiflHHrH3fla 6np 
rypyx, HCHHjiapHH KyptOH THHrjiacHHjiap, ae6 H)6opraH 3ahk. 
Bac, KanoHKH yjiap (KyptOH THjiOBaTHra) x,03np SyjiHinran, (6np- 
6npjiapnra): ")Khm TypHHrjiap", aeflHjiap. 3hah, KanoHKH 
(THjiOBaT) TyraTHjiran, yjiap y 3 KaBivi.iapii ojiflnra 
orox,jiaHTHpryBHH SyjiraH x,ojuiapHfla KaiiTiiS KeTflHjiap. 

30. Yjiap aeflHjiap: "3ii KaBMHMH3, flapx,ai<HK;aT 6n3.nap 
MycoflaH koiiiiii ho3hji kii.iiniruri. y3H/jaH ojiflHHrn (hjiox,hh 
KHTo6)jiapHH TacflHK KHJiryBHH SyjiraH, X,aK (AHH)ra ea Tyrpn 
iiyjira x,haoht Kii.iaaiiraH 6np KhtoShh - Kypi>OHHH 

THHrjiaflHK. 

31. 3h KaBMHMin, Ajuiox,ra aai>BaT KHJiryBHH (Myx,aMMaA 
ajiaHx,HC-cajiOMHHHr AatBaT^HH KaSyji KHjiHHrjiap Ba yHra 
hhmoh KejiTHpHHrjiap, (uiyHAa Ajijiox,) CH3JiapHHHr 



218 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

ryH0x,jiapHHrH3HH Mar^npaT KHJiyp ea ciojiapra ajiaivuin 
a3o6/iaH naHox, Sepyp. 
IIkkhhmhcii: 

J.l>jh ^J\ if-i&t (1) ^iS- UljJ Lau-^i UJ (jJlll j^i\ ^fi jli k*£*>\ 4J( ^lj ^j! Ji 

Ajij (3) (lij *ij ^-U* jl>j( u lijj 1?- jju; 4jij (2) sjcA i^jjj ijpj ^j aj iliU 
Jilt ^ ^Jij ^sj\ jjii y <M (lit ulj (4) ilskii Jit ^ i4**-> Jj^> ^ 
^ij (6) lIaj ^ij^ji 5^( ^» Ji^jj 6ji^*j j^Hi j-« Ju»j 5^Ajij (5) t?i^ 

& ulj (10) il&j j»4jj p-$i aiji ^i j^j^i ^ j-^ 'Hji j-^' <£^ ^ u 'i (9) i^>j 

jisjVl ^ ill* j^«*5 5J <M llife Ulj (11) lals Jj(ji» dS'dJLli 5jS dy JjwJl^flJl 

Yj 1^~£sj <-9L?tj ^li AjJj j^Jj jii <b il»T <^j4Ji Ui«— 1 l»J Ulj (12) IjJa aJ^»t*J jJj 

(13) i*j 

1-2. (3h Myx^aMMaA), airrimr: "MeHra Baxjiii KHjinH^HKH, 
5KHHjiapaaH 6np rypyxn (MeHHHr KyptOH THjiOBaT KHjiraHHMHn) 
MiiiiTiiiiiiio. (y3 KaBMjiapHra KairruG GopHinran), aeaiuiap: 
"/I,apx,aK;HK;aT, 6n3.iap X,aK iiyjira xhaoht KiuiafliiraH 6np a>Kii6 
KyptOHHH 3uiHTflHK Ba aapx,oji yHra hhmoh kcjithpahk. Bn3.iap 
(shah) IlapBapfliiropiiivirnra x,aprio 6npoH KiiMcanii uiepiiK 

KHJIMaCMH3". 

3udu Kyuudazu onmnapda Ajijiox, maojio MyMUH OKunnap 
munudaH x,ukoh KjiJiuuida daeoM amadu. 

3. "AjiSaira SyiOKjinrn H)KcaK SyjiraH QapBapfliiropiiMin 
6npoH 5Ky^)T Ba e <|)ap3aHA TyTraH 3MacflHp. 

4. AjiSaira SiojiapHimr HHHMH3flarH axiviOK (HGjihc) Ajijiox, 
mai>Hiira ("Y 30THHHr xothhh Ba GonacH 6op", Ae6) HOx,ai< cy3 
aiiTap 3flH. 

5. AjiSaTTa 6n3Jiap hhc x,aM, skhh x,aM Ajijiox, uiatHHra x,aprH3 
ejiroH cy3Jiaiviac, ae6 yiijiap 3ahk". 



219 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6. "AjiSaTTa HHCflaH SyjiraH (aiipHM) Kiiimijiap aciiHaaH SyjiraH 
KHivicajiapaaH naHOx, THjiauinS, yjiapra $maaa xaaaaH ouihuihh 
- MyTTax,aMjiHKHH 3Heaa KHJiyp 3flHjiap". 

KyHHAarn oaTjiapAa jffla aoiHjiap THjiHAaH xhkoji KHjiHHaAH. 
flacTjiaGKH oaT^a MyMHH acHHjiap KO(pHpjiapHra xhto6 k;hjih6, 
AeAHjiap: 

7. "AjiSaTTa yjiap (atHH HHCOHjiapHHHr KOfpHpjiapn) xaM xyaaH 
CH3Jiap ryMOH KHJiraHHHrH3fleK, Ajijiox, xaprH3 SnpoH KHMcanu 
KaiiTa THpHjiTHpiwac, ae6 ryMOH Kiijiaiijiap. (iltHH, CH3JiapHHHr 
ryMOHjiapHHrH3 x,aM, yjiapHHHr ryMOHjiapn xaM HOTyrpHAHp. 
HyHKH KyptOHAa Kairra thphjihih Ba x,hco6-khto6 GyjiHiiiH xaK 
3KaHH TyrpncHAa aiiTHjiAH Ba 6n3Jiap 6yHra hhmoh KejiTHpAHic). 

8. AjiSarra 6n3Jiap ((papHiirrajiapHHHr cy3JiapHHH yrpHHna 
sihhthG ojimii ynyH) ocMOHra TaKHJiraH 3/]hk, yHHHr KynjiH 
KypnKHH ((papHiirra)jiap Ba (yrpn acHHjiapra OTHjiryBHH ynap) 
H)jiay3Jiap SnjiaH Tyjia 3KaHjinrHHH Kyp^HK. 

9. AjiSarra 6n3Jiap (Hjirapn ocMOHAaH aiipHM) acoiijiapra 
((papHiirrajiapHHHr cy3JiapHHH yrpHHna) 3uihth6 ojihiii ynyH 
yTHpnS ojiap 3ahk. 3hah, x,03Hp (atHH MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHC- 
canoM naHFaMGap k;hjih6 K>6opHjiraHjiapHAaH KeiiHH) 3ca khm 
(atHH, KaficH 5khh yrpHHna) 3uiHTap Syjica, y3HHH Ky3aTn6 
TypraH 6np (ynap) H)jiay3HH Kypap. 

10. AjiSaTTa 6n3Jiap epaarn Kiiiniijiapra (Ajijiox, TOMOHiiAaii) 
eMOHjiHK iipoaa KHJiHHramvm 6kh napeapanropjiapH yjiapra 

TyFpHJIHK-HXUIHJIHKHH lipoma KHJiraHMH, 6HJIMaCMH3". 

Kyuudazu onrwiapda wcuHJiap munudau xfiKon Kfinuui daeoM 
3madu. 

1 1 . "AjiSarra 6H3JiapHimr opaMinaa Hxiiimiap xaM Gopaiip Ba 

(uiyHiiHrAeK) opaMi«aa yHflOK; 3Macjiap (jh>hh eMOHjiap) xaM 
Sopanp. En3Jiap (KyptOHHii smirniiiiAaH iinrapii) 6yjiaK-6yjiaK 
fiyjijiapaa 3/jhk. 

12. AjiSaira 6n3Jiap (KyptOHHH 3uiiiTraHiiMii3AaH cyHr) 
Shji/jhkkh, ep H)3Hfla xaproi3 Ajijioxhh <mkh3 Kiuia 0JiMacMH3 
(atHii (paK;aT Ajijiox, iipoAa KiinraH iiuiriiHa Gyjiyp) Ba Y 30TflaH 
(atHii, YHiiHr aca30CHAaH) k;ohh6 xaM KyTyjia 0JiMacMH3. 



220 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

13. AjiSaTTa 6n3Jiap KanoHKH X,haohthh - KyptOHHH 
3uiHTflHK, yHra hhmoh KejiTHp/jHK. Bac, KHMKH 
IlapBapflHropHra hhmoh KejiTHpca aeiviaK y (jixiiiHjiHKjiapHHHHr) 
KaMafiiiS Ko.niuiHflaH x,aM, (eMOHjiHKjiapHHHHr) xaaaaH opth6 
KeTiiuiHflaH x,aM KyPKMac (jh>hh IlapBapAHropH yHra x,aprn3 3yjiM 
KHjiMac, 6ajiKH KHjiraH x,ap 6np aMajiH ynyH MyHOcnG 5Ka30- 
MyKO(J)OT aTO 3Typ). 

Ojk*>Ui)( \j>\j (14) IJL^ij \}y*3 dJbJjts lilM ^ii 5jk*iUiJ( ll»j 5^Ul~»Jl l!« uij 

15) $*>- jii^J ij$i£fl 

14. AjiSarra 6n3JiapHHHr opaiviinaa MycyjiMOHjiap x,aM Sopaup 
ea (uiyHHHrAeK) opaMin.ua (fiyji^aH) 03raHjiap x,aM 6opanp. Bac, 
khmkh MycyjiMOH Syjica, aeMaK aHa yuiajiap Tyrpn iiyjiHH 
MaKcaa khjihS ojinSflHjiap. 

15. 3hah (iiyji^aH) 03raHjiapra KejicaK, Sac, yjiap Hcax,aHHaM 
ynyH yTHH SyjiraH KHMcajiapanp". 

(3Khh:1~15). 
YuiGy oaTjiapAaH Ba yjiapmiHr Ta<J)CHpjiapHAaH MauryM GyjiaAHKH, 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM acHHjiapAaH 6yjiraH 
rypyx,napHHHr x,03Hp 6yjin6, KyptOH THjiOBaTHHH siiiHTraHjiapHHH 
6n.jiMaraH.jiap. Ajijiox Taono Ma3Kyp ojmiapHH ho3hji k;hjih6, Y3 
naHFaMGapHHH xa6ap#op KHjiraHHAaH KeiiHHrHHa GHjirannap. 
vKHHnapHKHr 6y ep^arn TauipH(J)H Ghphhhh 6op KHjiraH TauipH(J)H 
3AH. PHBoaTjiapAaH MatJiyM GyjiaAHKH, yjiap GyH^aH KeiiHH x,aM 

6np Hena 6op TauipH(J) 6yiopraHjiap. 

(Ca^H^H ByxopHft: 1/195). 
fl,apx,aKHK;aT 6y xoAHca Ajijiox, TaojiOHHHr raii6 xa3HHajiapHAaH 
GyjiraH, Y3HAaH y3ra xen khm GnjiMaiiAHraH, Maxtjmii acKapnapn 
6njiaH KyBBaTjiaraH aHa 6np HycpaTH 6yjiAH. KeiiHHHajiHK MaHa iny 
XOAHca xa^H^a ho3hji 6ynraH Ma3Kyp oaTjiap 3aMHpnAa riaiiFaMGap 
ajiaiixHccajiOMHHHr AatBaTjiapHHHHr fojih6 GyjinuiH Ba 

KOHHOTAarn xen 6np KyBBaT yHHHr fojihG GyjiHinnra TycKHHjiHK 
KHjia ojiMacjinrH xa^n^a GamopaTjiap MaBacyA. 

(32) j-J J^j» 



221 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

32. Khm Ajijiox,ra flateaT KHJiryBHH (AatBaTHHH) KaSyji 
Kii.iiviaca, Sac, y ep H)3Hfla (GnpoH jKofira) kohhS KyryjiryBHii 
3MacflHp ea yHHHr ynyH (AjinoxAaH) y3ra (yHHHr a3o6HAaH 
KyTK;apyBHH) "aycTjiap" x,aM fiyKflHp. AHa yuiajiap ohhk; 
3ajiojiaTflaflHpjiap". 

(Axko<J>:32). 

12. ^Ja aj^t*J jJj j£jVt (ji ^ J^*J jJ ^ && W3 

12. AjiSaTTa 6n3Jiap (KyptOHHH 3iiiHTraHHMH3AaH cyHr) 
Siijiaiikkii, ep H)3Hfla x,aprH3 Ajijiox,hh o>kih Kii.ia 0JiMacMH3 

(atHH (J)aK;aT Ajijiox, npoAa KHjiraH miirHHa Gyjiyp) Ba Y 30TflaH 
(atHH, YHHHr aca30CHAaH) kohhS x,aM KyTyjia ojiMacMH3. 

PKhh:12). 

MaHa 6y HycpaT Ba GamopaTjiapHHHr ojiAHAa, ToH(f)AaH KyBHjinG 
HHKKaHjiapHAaH 6epn Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH 
KaMpaG onraH xac[)ajiHK, raM-rycca GyjiyTjiapn napnajiaffliG, Tapic;a6 
KeTAH. X,aTro Maxxara KairrH6 kcjihG, aBBanra AatBaTjiapHHH 
aHrHTAaH Gomjiamra, OAaivuiapra Hcjiomhh Ka6yji KHjiHimiapHHH Ba 
Ajuiox,HHHr aGa^HH PncojiaTHHH aHrn HainoT, maBK;-3aBK;, jkhaahht 
Ba KaT-bH^rr GnnaH Gomjiamra a3My K;apop KHjiAHjiap. HlyHAa 3aiiA 
h6h X,opnca: 

- KypaHimiHKjiap x,y3ypnra KaH^aH khjih6 KnpacH3, axnp yjiap 
ch3hh x,anAa6 HHKapHinraH Gyjicanap?! ~ AeAH. Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM: 

.4jjj j$&a J 4JjJ j^aLi <Ull fa] j i Is. ji-a j Ia jS j jj Lai JtlA aUI (jl • Jj j b 

"3m JflM^, ajiSamma Ajijiox, cen nypu6 mypzan xpjiamdan 
HUKfiui uyjiuHU KfiJiu6 Sepeycudup. Ajidamma Ajijiox, Y3 dunuea 
epdaM 6epu6, Y3 namaMdapunu 20Jiu6 KfiJizyecudupl" - AeAHJiap. 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM MaKKa capn Myji 
onAHJiap. YHra 5iK;HHJiaiiiH6 KOJiraHjiapHAa X,npo Fopnra KHpn6 
TypAHjiap. Xy30i.aAaH GyjiraH 6np khuihhh AxHac h6h 
IIIapHHKHHHr onAHra K)6opH6, yH^aH y3jiapHHH xhmoach ocTHra 
ojihuihhh cypaTAHjiap. AxHac: 

- MeH yHHHr HTTH(J)OK;HHCHMaH, htth(J)ok;hh sea x,HMoacnra 
onMaHAH, - #e6 acaBo6 6epAH. YHAaH cyHr Cyxaiiji h6h AMpra 
OAaM K)6opAHjiap. Cyxaiiji sea: 



222 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^ju^lJ/jL^jl// 

- BaHy OMHpjiHKjiap BaHy KatGra KapiiiH x,HMoara ojiMaiiAHjiap, 
- Ae6 acaBoG 6epAH. HlyHAaH cyHr Pocyjiyjinox cajuiaiioxy anaiixH 
Ba cannaM MyrtHM h6h A^wara OAaM K>6opAHJiap. MyTtHM: 

- X,a, x,HMoaMra onaMaH! - p,e6 acaBoG 6epAH. CyHr Kypon 
acjiax,ajiapHHH Ta^nG, y3 Gojiajiapn Ba KaBMHHH Ha^HpuG, ynapra: 

- Kypon acjiax,ajiapHHrHH Tai<;H6, Eaihyjijiox pyKHH ojiAHAa mail 
GyjinG TypHHraap. MeH MyxaMMaAHH y3 xHMOJiMra ojiahm! - acah 
Ba Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiaiioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaMra OAaM k>6oph6, 
Maxxara KHpaBepmiijiapHHH airrAH. IlaHFaMGap anaiixHccajiOM 
3afiA h6h X,opnca GnnaH 6npra Maxxara khph6, Mac>KHAyji 
X,apaMra eraG xejiAHJiap. MyTtHM h6h Aahh yjiOBHHH ycTH^a 
TypnG, GanaHA obo3 GnjiaH: 

- 3h J^ypaHiu axJin, MeH MyxaMMaAHH y3 xHMOflMra ojiahm! 
CH3JiapAaH x,en 6npHHrH3 yHH 6e3yoBTa KHjiMacHH! - ^ea hhao 
Khjiah. IIaHFaM6ap anaiixHccajiOM MacacHAra khph6 6opn6, 
pyKHHH ynAHjiap-Aa EairryjuioxHH TaBOCJ) KHjiAHjiap. CyHr hkkh 
paxaaT HaM03 yKHAHjiap-Aa, y3 yHjiapnra xeTAHjiap. MyrtHM h6h 
Aahh y3 (J)ap3aHAJiapH GnnaH KyponjiaHraH xojuiapHAa Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuiaiioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM to yiijiapHra KHpn6 KerryHjiapHHa 
Ky3aTn6 6opAH. A6y )KaxJi MyrbHivmaH: 

- CeH x,HMoara ojiyBHHMHcaH eiai yHra ToGet 
GyjiraHjiapAaHMHcaH? - p,e6 cypaAH. 

- HyX MeH (J)aK;aT x,HMoara ojiyBHHMaH xojioc, - Ae6 acaBoG 
GepAH MyTtHM. 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/381, 3o/iyji Mao/i: 2/46-47). 

Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiaiioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM MyTtHMHH 6y 
axuiHjiHrHHH 6np yMpra eAJiapHAa cai<;jia6 KOJiAHJiap. EaAP acaHrHAa 
acnpra TyuiraHjiap xa^HAa niyHAafi AeraHAHjiap: 

"Aeap x,03up MyntbUM u6h Aduu x,aem 6ynu6, muhu 6y 
caccuKjiap x;aigida Men dunau eanjiatueanuda, Men yjinapuu 
ynunz ynyn nyuu6 wftopzcm dynapduM." . 

(Ca^H^H EyxopiiH:2/573). 

JtJtJtJtJt 



223 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

McnoMHMHr uiaxcjiap Ba Ka6miajiapra pynapa khjimhmujm 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 10- hhjih 3yjiK;ai>Aa ohh, mhjioahh 619- HHjiHHHr 
hkdhh oxHpn Ba hiojih GomjiapHAa nanraMGap ajianxHccajiOM 
uiaxcjiap Ba KaGnjiajiapra Hcjiomhh aHa KairraAaH pynapa ktijihih 
ynyH Maxxara KairraG xejiAHJiap. X,aac MaBcyMH 5iK;HHJiaiiiH6 
KonraHH ca6a6 OAaMjiap xa>K nGoAaTHHH a#o khjihih Ba y3JiapHra 
6ynraH MaH(J)aaTjiapHH ihoxhah GyjiHiii, xaM^a MatnyM KytuiapAa 
AjuioxHHHr homhhh e# 3THUI ynyH aeB xO-JuiapHAa, hhpok; 
HyjinapAaH KenaAHraH opHK;, xpjiAaH TofiraH Tyjuiap ycTH^a 
Maxxara xap Tapa<J)jiapAaH KyiiHjiHG Kena GomjiaraH 3AHJiap. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM HyGyBBaTHHHr 4- 
HHjiHAaH 6ouiJia6, Hcjiomhh pynapa k;hjih6 KejiaerraHjiapH Ka6n, 
yui6y (J)ypcaTHH FaHHMaT 6hjih6, Ka6HjiaMa-K;a6Hjia K)pn6, ynapHH 
HcnoMra AatBaT KruiHiima AaBOM STAHjiap. MaHa my 10- HHjmaH 
6ouijia6, Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajioxy ajianxn Ba cajuiaM ynapHH 
HcnoMra AatBaT 3thih GnnaH 6npra, ynapAaH y3Jiapnra GomnaHa 
Gepnui Ba to 3HMMajiapHra lOKjiaHraH PncojiaT TaMOMHra 
eTryHHrana xhmoji KruiHiiijiapHHH TanaG KHjia GomjiaAHJiap. 
Mcjiom pynapa KHJiMHraH Ka6mianap 
3yxpHHHHHr aHTraHjiapnra Kypa: 

Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuianoxy ajianxn Ba cajuiaM KyiiHAa HOMjiapn 3HKp 
STHjiaAHraH KaGnjiajiapra 6opn6, ynapAaH y3jiapHHH xHMOJUiapnra 
ojih6 6ouinaHa 6epHinjiapHHH cypaAHJiap. Ynap: 

BAHY OMHP HBH CABCOBA , MYXOPHE HBH XOCAG>A, 
<PY30PA, FACCOH, MYPPA, XAHHG>A, CYJIAHM, ABC, BAHY 
HACP, BAHY BAKPA, KHH^A, XOPHC HBH KABB Y3PA BA 
XA30PHMA KaGnjiajiapH GyjraG, ynapAaH GnpoHTacH x,aM 
AatBaTHH K;a6yji KHjiMaAH. 

(H6HCavi: 1/216). 
3yx,pnH HOMjiapHHH caHa6 yTraH Ma3Kyp KaGnjiajiapHKHr 
x,aMMacnra 6np MaBcyMHHHr y3H#a Hcjiom pynapa KHjiHHraH 
3MacAH. BajiKH ynapHH HyGyBBaTHHHr 4- HHjiHAaH 6ouuia6, to 
x,H»cpaTAaH ojiAHHrn 3Hr oxnprH MaBcyMrana HcnoMra AatBaT 
STHjiraH. K^ancH KaGnjiaHHHr aiiHH Kancn iiHjma AatBaT STHjiraHHHH 
aHHK; aHTHin hmkohhmh3 nyK;. JleKHH yjiapHHHr axcapjiapH 10- 
HHjiAa HcnoMra AatBaT STHjiraH. 



224 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

YuiGy KaGnnanapHH Kan iiycHHAa HcnoMra AatBaT STHjiraHn Ba 
ynap Kafi iiycHHAa pa# 3TraHjiapH xaKHAarn MatJiyMOTjiapHH H6h 
Hcxpk THjira onraH. KyfinAa ynapra ^nc^ana TyxTajinG yTaMH3. 
1 - BAHY KAJ1B 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaM 6y KaGmiaHUHr BaHy 
AGAyjmox, homjih 6np ypyrn xy3ypnra 6opn6, ynapHH HcnoMra 
AatBaT 3TAHjiap Ba y3JiapnHH xHMOJiapujira ojiHiujiapHHH 
cypaAHJiap. y3JiapiiHiiHr AatBaTjiapii aciiociiAa KyiiiiAarii acyMjiaHii 
KymiiG KyiiAHjiap. 

. ^Sjjj ^uil <>jaI J£ Aill 5] '*M ±f- (_fjj y 

"3m Z>a«j Addynjiox,, dapx;aigiiyim Awiox, omamiwiium 
ucmuhu zy3cm Kfinu6 nyuuftdu". 

JleKHH ynap Pocyjiyjijiox, cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHiiHr 
TaKjiH(J)jiapHHH K;a6yji KiuiiiiiiMaAH. 
2-BAHYXAHMOA 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM GyjiapHiiHr 
MaH3HjuiapHra 6opn6, ynapHii HcnoMra AatBaT 3-TAHJiap. YnapAaH 
y3Jiapnra Gomnaiia 6epn6, xHMOJiJiapiira ojiiimjiapiiHii cypaAHJiap. 
ApaGnapAaH xen 6npn IIaiiFaM6ap anaiixHccajiOMHii GyjiapnajiiiK 
xyHyK cypaT^a paA 3TMaraH 3AHJiap. 
3 - BAHY OMMP MBH CA"bCO"bA 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM Gyjiapra xaM icejiiiG, 
ynapHH HcnoMra AatBaT 3TAHJiap Ba ynapAaH y3jiapnra Gomnaiia 
6epn6, xHMOJijiapiira ojiiimjiapiiHii cypaAHJiap. YjiapAaH Bafixapa 
h6h Oiipoc iicmjiii 6np kiiihii: 

- Ajinoxra KacaMKii, arap MeH 6y HiiriiTHii KypaiiiiijiiiKjiapAaH 
oncaM, y 6njiaH apaGjiapHii epAHM, - acah. CyHr Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaMra: 

- K^aHH airrHH, arap 6113 ceHiiHr iimiiHr GyiiiiHa ceHra axA 6epcax, 
cyHr ceHH AjinoxHHHr AyuiMaHJiapHAaH fojihG k;hjih6 KyiicaK, 
ceHAaH KeHHH hiii Grora KOJiaAHMH? - acah. Pocyjiyjijiox, cajijiajioxy 
ajiaftxH Ba canjiaM: 

"Hiu Awioxpa x,aeojia, ynu Y3U ucmazau otcouuza Kyndu ", - Ae6 

acaBoG GepAHJiap. Bafixapa Pocyjiyjijiox, cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba 
canjiaMra: 



225 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- BH3JiapHHHr 6yFH3JiapHMH3HH onAHHra KyiinG, apaGnapra 
hhihoh KHjiacaHy, arap Ajijiox, ceHH fojihG k;hjih6 Kyiica, hihhh 
6n3AaH 6ouiK;ajiap hjih6 KeTaAHMH? CeHHHr miiHHrHH Grora 
x,oacaTH fiyK;! -p,ep,u-ji,a, TaKjiH(J)AaH 6oui toptah. BaHy OMHpjiHKjiap 
x,aacHH TaMOM k;hjih6, y3 lopTjiapHra KanrraH, eiiiH KexcajiHrH ca6a6 
x,aacra KenonMaraH 6np OKCOKOJira BOKetaHH cy3Jia6 6epAHJiap. 
YHra: 

-BH3HHHr MaH3HjiHMH3ra Kypanm K;a6HjiacHHHHr BaHy 
A6AyJiMyTTOJiH6HAaH 6np HHrnr KennG, y3HHH IlaHFaMGapMaH Ae6 

TaHHUITHpAH Ba 6H3JiapAaH y3HHH XHM05IMH3ra OJIHUIJiapHMH3HH 

cypaAH, - AeHHiiiAH. Ok;cok;oji KyjuiapHHH Goiimra Ky&iG: 

- 3x, BaHy Omhp, GyH^aH-Aa opTHKpoK Tajio(J)aT 6opMH? R^H^an 
6axT Ky ihhhh KyjiAaH yHHpH6cH3Jiap-a? ! OanoHHHHH jkohh KyjiHAa 
6ynraH 3oTra KacaMKH, yHH xaprro Hcmohji y3H TyicnG HHKKaH 
3Mac, 6euiaK y xaic;! AK;jiy xymjiapHHr KaepAa sah axnp?! - mmi. 

(H6hXhhiom: 1/424-25). 

MaKKajiMK 6yjiMaraH MycyjiMOHJiap 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM KaGnjianap Ba 
3jiHHjiapHH AatBaT KHjiraHjiapn Ka6n 6ai>3H 6np maxcjiapHH xaM 
HcnoMra AatBaT KHjiAHjiap. YjiapHKHr 6at3HjiapHAaH hhpohjih 
cypaT^a pap, acaBoGnapn onAHJiap. MaHa my x,aac MaBcyMHAaH Kyn 
yTMafi, 6np Hena KHuinjiap y KHinnra hhmoh KenTHpAHjiap. K^yHHAa 
ynapAaH HaMyHanap KejrrHpaMH3. 
1 - CYBAMfl MBH COMMT: 

y ilcpnG ax,jiHAaH GynraH aoho uionp GynnG, KaBMH yHH 
acacypjinrH, cesrHpnnrn, mapacJDJiH Ba Hacji-Haca6jiH GynraHH ynyH 
"Komhji" Ae6 HOMjiap sah. y 6np MapTa Maxxara x,a>K exn yMpa 
ynyH xenraH sah. nanraMGap anaHXHCcanoM yHH HcnoMra AatBaT 
KHjiAHjiap. HlyHAay: 

- HIoaakh ceHAarn Hapca xaM MeHAarn Hapca (HjixpM)ra 
yxuiaca?! - p,ep,u. 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM yH^aH: 
"Ceudazu uapca humu?" - #e6 cypaAHJiap. 

- JlyKMOHH X,aKHMHHHr x,HKMaTH, - pe6 acaBoG 6epAH y. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ananxH Ba camiaM yHra: 



226 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ?j1lJi ' /Jj^jJI 

"K,uhu Mema aiimu6 6epnu!" - AeAHJiap. y Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMra 6np Hena xHKMaTjiH cy3JiapHH 
airraG 6epAH. Pocyjiyjuiox cajuianoxy ajiairxn Ba cajuiaM yHra: 

4 U& ^yibu Aill <UjJ| £jljS .IJA £y* JJaSl <_,** j ill I j 4 ^uA j»!5lii life £) 

"By atcyda ey3aji cy3Jiap 3kuh, Jieuun Meudazu uapca 6yudau 
afacmpoKfiup. Yhu Mema Ajijiox. maojionum Y3U ho3uji KfiJizan 
KypTtoudup. y xjidonm ea uypdup! " - AeAHJiap Ba yHra KyptOH 
THjioBaT k;hjih6 6epAHJiap-Aa, HcnoMra AatBaT STAHJiap. y 
MycyjiMOH 6yjiAH Ba: 

- By acyAaaM ry3aji cy3Jiap 3KaH! - acah. 

MaAHHara KairraG Kejiran, opaAaH xyn yTMafi, Abc Ba Xa3paac 
KaGnjiajiapH ypTacHAa Ehboc KyHHAaH ojiahh GyjiraH TyKHainyBAa 
yjiAHpHHAH. Axcap MatnyMOTjiapra Kypa y HyGyBBaTHHHr 11- hhjih 
GouiJiapHAa MycyjiMOH 6yjiraH 3 ah. 

(H6h X,hhiom: 1/425-27, Hcthhi,o6: 2/677, Ycy/iyji ro6a: 2/337). 
2-MMECMBH MY"b03: 

y ilcpuG ax,jiHAaH 6yjiraH ycnnpHH HHrnr sah. Abc K;a6HjiacH 
sjiHHjiapH HHHAa Maxxara KypaiiiiijiHKjiapAaH Xa3paacAaH GyjiraH 
KaBMjiapHra KapiiiH htth(J)ok;hhjihk Hcra6 KenraH SAHJiap. By 
x,OAHca Ehboc acaHniAaH 03rHHa ojiahh, HyGyBBaTHHHr 11- hhjih 
GouijiapHAa GyjiraH sah. yuiaHAa ilcpnG (MaAHHa)Aa hkkh K;a6Hjia 
ypTacHAa aGoBaT yTjiapn anaHrjiaHnG GopaerraH 6np nairr sah. Abc 
Xa3paacAaH aAaA acnxaTHAaH 03hhjihk sah. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuianoxy 
ajiairxn Ba camiaM 6yjiapHHHr KejiraHHHH GnjiraHjiapHAaH cyHr 
ojiAHJiapnra kcjihG, yTHpAHjiap-Aa yjiapra: 

_ <U aji& U^» jA fjl aSJ Jfc 

-"Cu3Jiap ucmad ne/iean napcadau Kypa nxiuupoK, uapcaza 
pas6amuH2U3 6opMu?" — AeAHJiap. yjiap: 

- yma Hapca HHMa 3icaH y3H? - achhihah. Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajiJianoxy ajiairxn Ba camiaM: 

-''Men Ajuioxfium dandajiapma wftopzcm sjihucumuh. Men 
yuapnu AjiJioxpazuua udodam k,ujiu6, Yma x,en napcanu mepuK 
KfiJiMaciiuKKa HUKfipaMaH. Ajijiox, Mema Kumo6 ho3uji Human ",- 



227 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

AeAHJiap, cyHr ynapra Hcjiomhh TaHHuiTHpnG, K^yptOH THjiOBaTH 
k;hjih6 GepAHJiap. Hiiec h6h Myt03 mepHKjiapHra: 

- 3h k^bmhm, XyAO xaKKH 6y Hapca 6h3 Hcra6 KenraH HapcaAaH 
xypa a(J)3ajipoK; sicaH, - acah. 3jiHHjiapAaH 6npH A6yn Xniicap 
AHac h6h Pocket boahh TynporHAaH 6np chk;hm ojih6, Hiiec h6h 
MyB03HHHr K)3Hra cenn6 K>6opAH-Aa: 

- Eh3hh thhh Kyii, yMpHMra KacaMKH, 6h3 GyH^aH 6oiiiK;a Hapca 
ynyH KejiraHMH3 - acah. Hiiec >khm 6yjin6 kojiah. Ynap MaAHHara 
HCTa6 KenraH Hapcajiapn, jtbhh KypaiiiiijiHKjiap GnnaH 
htth(J)ok;hhjihk Ty3Hinra apHiiiojiMaii KairraG iceTAHjiap. Ynap 
MaAHHara KairraG KenraHjiapHAaH cyHr, opaAaH icyn yTMaii Hiiec 
Ba<J)OT 3tah. y Ba<J)OT 3TaeTraH HOFHAa Tax,jiHJi, TaicGnp, xaMA Ba 
TacGex, airraG jkoh GepAH. yHHHr MycyjiMOHjiapAaH GyjinG 
yjiraHjinrHAa maK-myGxa KHJiMaiiAHjiap. 

(H6h X,hhiom: 1/427-28, MycHa/iH A^Ma/i: 5/427). 
3 - ABY 3APP f MOOPMM: 

y xaM ilcpnG ax,jiHAaH GyjraG, Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba 
canjiaM x,ai<;HAarH xa6ap CyBaiiA hGh Comht Ba Hiiec hGh 
MyB03Jiap opi<;ajiH ilcpnGra eraG Gopran, A6y 3app Fhcjjophhhhhf 
KynoFHra xaM najiHHAH. MaHa uiy xaGapHHHr eraG GopraHH yHHHr 
Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KHjiHuinra ca6a6 GyjiAH. Hmom ByxopHHHHHr H6h 
A66ocAaH KHjiraH pHBOflTHAa A6y 3app Fn(J)opHH uiyHAan achah: 

- MeH Fn(J)op KaGnjiacHAaH GynraH 6np khihh 3ahm. Bn3ra - 
MaxxaAa 6np OAaM hhk;h6, y3HHH nanraMGap 3icaHjiHrHHH airrajinTH 

- AeraH xaGap eraG kcjiah. MeH yicaMra: - Maxxara 6opn6, yma 
OAaM GnjiaH ranjiauinG, yHHHr xai<;HAarH xa6apHH aHHiqiaG Ken! - 
AeAHM. YxaM 6opn6, y khihh GnnaH ynpauinG KairraG xejiAH. MeH 
yHra: -KaHAaii xa6ap ojih6 icejiAHHr? - acahm. Y: - XyAO xaKKH, 
MeH axuiHjiHKKa GyiopnG, eMOHjiHKAaH KairrapaAHraH 6np OAaM 
GnjiaH KypiiuiAHM,- Ae6 acaBoG 6epAH. MeH yHra: 

- Ojih6 KenraH xaGapmir GnnaH MeHH KaHoaTjiaHTHpMaAHHr! - 
AeAHM-Aa, KyjiiiMra TypBa-xajrra GnnaH acoHH ojih6, Maicica tomoh 
iiyji ojiahm. MeH Maxxara eTn6 xejiAHM. MeH y OAaMHH TaHHMac 
3Ahm. BouiK;a GnpoBAaH cypauiHH HCTaMaAHM. 3aM-3aM cyBHAaH 
hhh6, MacacHAAa yrapap sahm. Bnp nairr MeHH eHHMAaH Ajihh 
yraG kojihG, MaHa 6y khuih Mycocjmpra yxmaiiAHMH? ! - acah. MeH: 

- Xa, Myco(J)HpMaH - acahm. y MeHAaH xen Hapca cypaMaii, yiinra 



228 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6oinjia6 iceTAH. MeH xaM yHAaH xen Hapca cypaMaAHM Ba xen Hapca 
aiiTMaAHM xaM. ToHr OTran, yHAaH cypaMafi MaoKHAra icejiAHM. 
MeHra y OAaM xaKHAarH xaGapHH GepaAHraH xen khmhh 
ynpaTMaAHM. KeHKH nairr aHa Ajihh iceiinG: - MexMOH Kenarn 
MaH3Hjira Gophihhh GnjiMaAH-MH? -j\ejxft. MeH: - HyX - acahm. Y: 
- MeH GnnaH lop! - acah. CyHr: - HHMa x,oacaTHHr 6op, ceHH 6y 
maxapra ojih6 KenraH Hapca HHMa y3H? - p,e6 cypaAH. MeH yHra: - 
Arap xen KHMra airmail, cnp caigiacaHr airraMaH, - AeAHM. Y: - 
X,en KHMra anTMan cnp caigiaiiMaH, - AeAH. MeH: - Brora uiy epAaH 
6np OAaM hhkhGah. Y y3HHH AjinoxHHHr nanraMGapHMaH 
AeaeTraHH xaKHAarH xa6ap eTn6 GopAH. MeH yicaMHH xaGapHH 
6hjih6 KejiHiu ynyH acyHaTraH sahm. y KennG yma OAaM GnjiaH 
ranjiauinG, KairrnG GopAH. JleKHH yHHHr xaGapHAaH MeH k;ohhk;hui 
x,ochji KHjiMaAHM. yuia OAaM GnnaH y3HM ynpauiMOKHH 6yjin6 
KenAHM, - AeAHM. - Ammo acyAa Tyrpn hiii KHjinGcaH! - AeAH y, 
MeHHHr nyjiHM x,03np yuia TOMOHra. MeHHHr opTHMAaH lop. MeH 
Kaepra KnpcaM, ceH xaM xnp. Arap MeH 6npoH xaTapHH ce3caM, 
xyAAH KaByuiHMHH TyrpHjiaeTraH OAaM 6yjni6, AeBop neTHAa 
TyxTanMaH. CeH yniG KeTaBepacaH, - Ae6 K)pn6 kctah. MeH xaM 
yHHHr opTHAaH KeTaBepAHM. y 6np ynra khpah. MeH xaM yHHHr 
opTHAaH Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba cajinaMHHHr 
xy3ypjiapnra khpahm Ba y KHuinra: -MeHra Hcjiomhh TaHHTHHr! - 
AeAHM. MeHra Hcjiomhh TaHHiiiTHpAHjiap. MeH yma epHHHr 
y3HAaei<; Hcjiomhh K;a6yji k;hjih6, MycyjiMOH GyjiAHM. CyHr y khihh 
MeHra: 

- "3ii A6y 3app, 6y uiuhu cup mymud, y>3 lopmumea lyiiim. 
Aeap 6u3Hum 20Jiu6 6yjieanuMU3 xadapu cema emu6 6opca, 
KeiluH Keneim! " - AeAHJiap. 

MeH: - Ch3hh xai^ GnjiaH K)6opraH 3oTra KacaMKH, MeH 6yHH 
yjiapHHHr opacHAa Typn6, ouiKop airraMaH! - AeAHM. MacacHAra 
KencaM, y epAa KypaiiiiijiHKjiap acaMjiaHnG TypraH 3KaH. MeH: - 3h 
Kypaiiiii acaMOtacH, MeH Ajijiox,AaH y3ra x,en 6np Mai>6yA nyn, Ba 
ajiSaTTa Myx,aMMaA YHHHr 3-jihhch 3KaHjiHrnra ryBOx,jiHK 
SepaiviaH! -AeAHM. yjiap: 



229 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- TypuHraap MaHa 6y y3 AHHHAaH bo3 xenraH MypTaAHH 
ypHHrnap! - AeHHiiiAH. Ynap MeHra TamnaHnG, ynap xpnra 
KenryHHMra x,anap ypAHnap. IHyHAa MeHHHr onAHMra A66oc 
xenn6, MeHra 3HraiiiAH-Aa: - K^ypnG xeTxypnap, FHCJDopnaH 

6ynraH onaMHH ynAHpacronapMH? CaBAO xapBOHnapHHr FHCJDopnaH 
yraAH-xy?! - p,ep,u. Ynap Memi xynnG, TapxanAHnap. ToHr otthphG, 
una Mac>KHAra xenAHM-Aa, aiiHH xenarn ranHMHH airrAHM. Ynap: - 
TypHHrnap MaHa 6y y3 AHHHAaH bo3 xenraH MypTaAHH ypHHrnap! - 
AeHHuiAH. Ynap MeHra TamnaHnG, ynap xpnra KenryHHMra x,anap 
xanraxnaniAH. iiHa A66oc xenn6, MeHra 3HraiiiAH-Aa, xenarn 
ranHHH anrAH. Ynap MeHH xynnG, Tapx,anAHnap. 

(Ca*n*n ByxopHK: 1/499-500, 1/544-45). 
4 - TYOAMJ1 MBH AMP flABCMM: 

TycJDaHji aoho uionp, uiapa(J)jiH hhcoh Ba flaBC x,a6HnacHHHHr 
pancH 3ah. 

ilMaHHHHHr 6ai.3H HOx,HanapHAa yHHHr KaGnjiacnra TerHinjiH 
GyjiraH HMopaT, jtbhh aMHpjiHK exn myHra yxmain xyxMponjiHx 6op 
3AH. HyGyBBaTHHHr 11- hhjih y Maxxara xennn. X,ann Maxxara 
xnpMan Typn6, y Maxxannxjiap 6nnaH ynpauiAH. Ynap Ty(J)aHjiHH 
H33aT-HxpoM GnnaH xyTn6 ojiAHJiap Ba yHra: 

- 3h Ty(J)aHji, maxpHMH3ra xym xennGcaH! Bn3HHHr opaMH3Aarn 
6y OAaM 6h3hh 6ouih 6epx xynara ojih6 xnpnG xyiiAH. 
BHpjiHrHMH3HH 6y3n6, HuijiapHMH3HH nanaFHHH HHK;apAH. YHHHr 
ranjiapn xyAAH cexpra yxmaHAH. Orami GonanaH, axaHH yxaAaH Ba 
3p-xoTHHHH 6np GnpHAaH acyAO xnnanH. Bh3 ceHHHr Ba xaBMHHrHH 
Gouinra 6n3HHHr 6ouiHMH3raH TyuiraH caBAO TyuiHuiHAaH 
xypx,aMH3. ilxuiHCH ceH y GnnaH rannaniMa Ba yHHHr rannapHAaH 
GnpoHTacKHH xaM xynoFHHrra ojiMa! - achhuiah. Ty(J)aHjiHHHr y3H 
uiyHAan achah: 

- Ynap MeHra my rannapHH TaHHHnamaBepAH, xaTro MeH y 
GnnaH ynpamMacjiKx Ba ranjiauiMacjinxxa x,apop x,hjiahm. YHHHr 
ranjiapn xynoFHMra xnpMacHH ynyH Maoxnnra xnpraH nornapHMAa 
KyjiOFHMra naxTa thxh6 onapAHM. 3pTana6 Maoxnnra xnpcaM, y 
EaHTyjuioxHHHr oiiAHAa thx Typn6 HaM03 yxHMOxna sxaH. MeH 
yHHHr aKHHpoFHra TypAHM. Ajijiox, yHHHr rannapHAaH 
6ai.3HjiapHHH xyjiOFHMra xhphuihhh HCTaAH. A>xohh6 rannap 
xyjiOFHMra xhpah. IIIyHAa HHHMna : 



230 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- YjihG KeTaHHHa, xyAO xaKKH, MeH 6np aoho monp GyjicaM, 
axihhhh eMOHAaH, ok;hh Kopa^aH aacpaTa oncaM. MeH 6y OAaMHHHr 
HHManap AeaeTraHHra 6np KyjiOK TyTcaM khm MeHH TycapAH? Arap 
yHHHr ranjiapn jixihh Gyjica, K;a6yji KHjiaMaH, eMOH Gyjica, TamjiaG 
K)6opaMaH, - AeAHM Ba to y yiiHra KeTiyHHHa KyTH6 TypAHM. 
yfiHra KeTaeTraHHAa MeH xaM yHHHr KeTHAaH sprauiAHM. ynnra 
KHpn6 xeTran, MeH xaM opTHAaH khpahm. MeH yHra Maxxara 
KenraHHM, OAaMjiap MeHH KypKHiraHH, KyjiOFHMra naxTa thk;h6 
onraHHM Ba yHHHr rannapHAaH 6ai>3HjiapHHH 3ihhth6 KOJiraHHMHH 
xhkoji k;hjih6 GepAHM Ba: 

- MeHra y3 nuiHHr xai<;HAa cy3Jia6 6ep-HH, - acahm. y 
(Myx,aMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOM) MeHra Hcjiomhh TyuiyHTHpnG, KyptOH 
THjioBaT k;hjih6 GepAHJiap. Ajinoxra KacaMKH, mch 6y cy3JiapAaH 
xypa ry3anpoK; cy3HH, 6y HiiiAaH Kypa OAHJipoK huihh acno 
KypMaraH Ba 3iiiHTMaraH 3-ahm. MeH Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KHjiAHM-Aa, 
x,ai<; maxpAaT KajiHMacHHH KejiTHpAHM. CyHr yHra: 

- MeH y3 KaBMHMHHHr caiiHHAHMaH, yjiap MeHra KyjiOK; 
cojiHuiaAH. MeH KairraG 6opn6, yjiapmi HcnoMra AatBaT KHjiaMaH. 
MeHHHr xai^HMra Ajinoxra Ayo KHjiHHr, y MeH ynyH 6np Mytacroa 

KHJICHH,- AeAHM. y KHUIH AyO KHJIAHJiap. 

AjuioxHHHr yHra KHjiraH Myi>:>KH3acH uiyHAan GyjiAHKH, y 
KaBMHra aK;HHjiauiH6 KOJiraHHAa, Ajijiox, yHHHr K)3nra xyAAH 
HnpoKHHHr HypHAex Hyp k;hjih6 KyiiAH. IIIyHAa y: 

- 3h Ajijioxhm, HypHH K)3HMAaH 6ouiK;a acofira KHjirHHKH, MeH 
yjiapHHHr "By MycjiaAnp"- AeiiHiiijiapHAaH KypKaMaH, - Aea Ayo 
Khjiah. Ajijiox, HypHH yHHHr KaMHHcnra k;hjih6 KyiiAH. y xejinG, y3 
OTacH Ba xothhhhh HcnoMra AatBaT 3tah. yjiap MycyjiMOH 
GyjiAHJiap. yHHHr K;aBMH HcnoMra cycTjiHK k;hjiah. JleKHH y y3 
KaBMHHH spHHMaii AatBaT KHjiHuiAa a^bom 3tah. X,aHAa^ 
BOKetanapHAaH KeiiHH, Ty^afiji MaAHHara xH>KpaT k;hjih6 
KenraHHAa, y GnjiaH 6npra KaBMHAaH 6ynraH 70 exn 80 xoHaAOH 
xejiHuiAH. Ty<J)aHji HcnoMAa ry3an HMTHxpHjiap GnjiaH CHHajiAH. Ba 

hhxoat y ilMOMa acaHrHAa maxHA GyjiAH. 

(H6hXhhiom: 1/382-85). 
5-3MMOflA3flMM: 

y ilMaHAaH 6yjni6, IIIaHyfcaHHHr A3A KaGnnacHAaH sah. 3hmoa 
AapAra najiHHraH OAaMjiapra AaM cojih6, ynapHH AaBOJiap sah. 



231 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Maxxara iceiinG, MaKica ax,jiHAaH GynraH axMOK OAaMjiapAaH: 

- Myx,aMMaA MaacHyHAHp, - AeaeTraHjiapHHH smwrjxa. -Arap 
MeH my cmaMHHHr onAHra GopcaM, ihoaakh Ajijiox, yHra MeHHHr 
KyjiHMAa uih(J)o 6epca - #e6, MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHccajiOMHHHr 
onAHjiapHra xenAH-Aa: 

- 3h MyxaMMaA, MeH 6y AapAra najiHHraHjiapra AaM conaMaH. 
CeHHHr xaM x,oacaTHHr 6opMH? - p,ep,u. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy 
anaiixH Ba canjiaM myHAaii Aea cy3 GomjiaAHjiap. 

: j*j U»j .Aij«ij j »Jjfr li^a-a £ji ^u| j . Ai t£Lj<£ V eJ^j Aill VI Ail V £)\ ^-ul 

"Andamma x,OMd Awioxpa xocdup. Eu3 Yhu MaKtnauMU3 ea 
Yndan epdoM cypaiiMU3. Kumhuku, Ajijiox, myzpu uyjiza uyjuiab" 
Kyuca, ynu x.en kum adatumupa ojimuc. Kumhuku Ajijiox. 
adauimupud Kyuca, ynu x,en kum uyjiza cojia ojimuc. — Xpn 6up 
uiepuKCU3 6yjiean, Ajuiox,daH y3za x,en 6up MWbdyd uyK, ea 
ajidamma Myx,aMMad Ynum 3jihucu 3KUHJiueuea eyeox/iuK 
6epaMau! Ammo 6wbd:" 

- MaHa my cy3JiapHHrH3HH aHa KairrapHHr! - Rejxft 3hmoa. - MeH 
(J)0Ji6HHjiapHH xaM, cexprapnapHH xaM cy3JiapHHH 3iiiHTraHMaH-y, 
aMMO CH3HHHr cy3JiapHHrH3ra yxmaraHHHH xen auiHTMaraHMaH. 
Bynap (J)acox,aT AeHrroHHH 3Hr TyGnra eTraH cy3JiapAHp. KejiHHr 
K;yjiHHrH3HH GepHHr MeH CH3ra HcnoMra MyBO(J)HK; GafitaT 6epaMaH! 
- AeAH Ba GafitaT 6epAH. 

(MycnHM, "5KyMta khto6h": 46- Ba 868->Q- 

flcpw6 ax^iMflaH 6yxiraH ojitm MaPiMH uja66o,qa 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 11 - hhjih, X,aac MaBcyMHAa, mhjioahh 620- 
HHjiHHHr mojib oiiHAa, Hcjiomhh AatBaT cajiox,H5rrjiH, capa ypyr 
Tonn6, yHH 3kah. By ypyraap Te3 opaAa xochji GepyBHH yjiKaH 
AapaxTjiapra aiijiaHAH. MycyjiMOHjiap ym6y AapaxTjiap cojiCHAa 
3yjiMy aAOBaTHHHr ojiobjih aca3HpaMacHAaH cajiKHHjiaG jkoh 
caKJiaAHJiap. XpAHcanap ok;hmh y3rapn6, TapiixAa MyxHM GypHjinm 
acanAH. MaKKa axAHHHHr ejiFOHHH khjihih, AjuioxHHHr iiyjiHAaH 
TycHin Ka6n GocHMjiapn KynaHnG TypraH 6np naiiTAa, Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM xHKMaTjiH 6np ycnyGHH KyjinaAHjiap. 
By ycny6 - y3 AatBaTjiapHra Maxxa ax,jiH MyuipHKjiapHAaH 6npoH 
khuih TycKHHjiHK KHjiMacjiHrH ynyH, K;a6Hjiajiapra ynapHH AatBaT 
Khjihui ynyH TyH KopoHFycHAa HHK;a 6oinjiaAHJiap. TyHjiapHHHr 

232 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

GiipiiAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaMra A6y Eaicp 
Chaahk; Ba Ajihh ii6h A6y TojiiiG xaMpox, 6yjin6 HiiKAiuiap. Ynap 
3yx,n Ba HIiihGoh ii6h CatJiaGa K;a6njiajiapHiiHr KyHajiFanapiira 
6opn6, ynap 6njiaH Hcjiom GopaciiAa ranjiaiiiAiiJiap. A6y Eaicp 
Chaahk; 6njiaH 3yx,ji K;a6njiaciiAaH GynraH 6np KiimiiHiiHr ypTaciiAa 
KH3HK;apjiH caBOJi-acaBoG Ba Gaxcjiap 6yjin6 yTAii. BaHy IIIhhGoh 
6njiaH 6yjin6 yTraH 6axc Ba MyH03apajiapAaH yMiiAJin acaBoGjiap 
ojihhah. JleKHH ynap Hcjiomhh K;a6yji Kiuiiiiiira iiKKiijiaHiiG 
KOJIIIIHAH. ( A6/ryjuio>^Haxc/iHH, "MyxTacapnc cnftpaT": 150-52). 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM Mhho tofh 3Tarnra 
KeTaeTnG, GaxcjiamiiG yriipraH OAaMjiapHiiHr OB03JiapHHH 3ihhtii6 
KOJiAHJiap-Aa, yuia TOMOHra lopAHJiap. YjiapmiHr ojiAHJiapiira Kejin6 
cyx6aTjiapnra KymiuiAiijiap. Ynap 6 Ha(J)ap 6yjin6, xaMManapii 
ilcpiiGAarii Xa3paac K;a6iuiaciiAaH 6yjiraH em Hiirirrjiap 3 ah. Ynap: 

1 - AcaA h6h 3ypopa (BaHy HaacacopAaH). 

2 - Ab(J) h6h Xppnc h6h Pyc^ota ii6h A(J)po (BaHy HaacacopAaH). 

3 - Pocket. h6h Mojihk h6h Ajkjioh. (BaHy 3yjiaiiK;AaH). 

4 - K^yT6a h6h Omhp h6h XaAiwa. (BaHy CanaMaAaH). 

5 - Yi<;6a h6h Omhp h6h Ho6hh. (B.XnpoM h6h Kat6). 

6 - )Ko6hp h6h AGAyjmox, h6h Phbom. (E.YGaiiA h6h FaHaM). 
ilcpn6 ax,jiHHHHr 6axTH myHAa sahkii, ynap y3 inTiic[)OK;Hiijiapii 

GyjiraH MaAiiHa flxyAiiiijiapiiAaH ypTanapiiAa GiipoH TopTHinyB 
6yjin6 KOJiraHiiAa: 

- MaHa uiy 3aMOHAa naiiFaMGapjiapAaH 6np nanraMGap hurrah. 
Bh3 yHra KymiijiiiG, xajin cirejiapHii xyAAH Oa Ba HpaM KaBMiiAeic 
KiipaMie, -AeraHjiapHHH sihhtiiG Typap SAiiJiap. 

(3o^yji Mao/i: 2/50, H6h X,hhiom: 1/429). 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM ynapHiiHr AaBpaciira 
6opn6 KymiuiraH: 

- "Cii3Jiap KUMcu3nap?" - #e6 cypaAHjiap. Ynap: 

- Xa3paacjiHK HiirirrjiapMii3! - AeiiiiiiiAii. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy 
ajiaiixH Ba camiaM: 

- "flxyduunapHum ummmpoi^HUJiapudaHMul - Ae6 cypaAiuiap. 
Ynap: 

- Xa - Ae6 acaBoG GepAiuiap. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
camiaM: 



233 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- "YmupacmiiapMU? Cu3Jiapza 6up 03 cyxfoam k,ujiu6 6epcaM" 

- AeAHJiap. 

- Xa, MafijiH - AeHHiiiAH ynap. IIaHFaM6ap ajiaiixHccajiOM ynap 
GnnaH 6npra yrapnG, ynapra Hcjiom xaKHK;aTHHH Ba yHHHr 
AatBaTHHH H30x,na6 6epAHjiap-Aa, ynapHH Ajijiox a33a Ba acamiara 
AatBaT k;hjih6, KyptOH THjiOBaT k;hjih6 GepAHJiap. Ynap 6np 
GnpnapHra: 

- XyAO xai^H, 6HjrancH3JiapMH 3h K;aBM. By crojiapra JixyAHHjiap 
y GnjiaH nynnca KHjiaAHraH IlaHFaMGapHHHr y3H-icy?! ByHra ynap 
CH3JiapAaH y3n6 KeTMacHH! YHHHr AatBaTHHH K;a6yji KHjiHiiira 
uiouiHjiHHrH3 Ba MycyjiMOH 6yjiHHrH3! - achhuiah. 

Ynap ilcpnG ax,jiHHHHr ok;hji, aoho HHrHTjiapn GyjinG, ynapHH 
hhkhh ypyuinap 6e3AHpn6 KyiiraH sah. XoccaTaH a^HHAa 6yjin6 
yTraH ypyui, xajin yHH ojiobh ynraHH wyv, sah. Ynap nanraMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr AatBaTjiapn, uio^a ypyuuiapHHHr TyxTauinra 
ca6a6 Gyjica ne6 yMHA khjihihah. Ynap Pocynyjuiox cajuianoxy 
ajiaHx,H Ba camiaMra: 

- Bh3 y3 K;aBMHMH3HH myHAaii 6np xonaTAa kojiahphG KejiAHKKH, 
ax,yAHHjiap GnnaH ynap ypTacH^a aAOBaT Ba eMOHjiHKjiap xann 
Kapop TonMaraH sah. Aaca6 3MacKH, CH3HHHr ca6a6HHrH3AaH 
Ajijiox, ynapHHHr ypTanapHHH GnpnauiTHpnG Kyiica, 6h3 6opn6 
ynapHH x,aM CH3HHHr HuiHHrH3ra AatBaT 3TaMH3, ynapra y3HMH3 
Ka6yji KHjiraH, MaHa 6y ahhhh TaKjiH(J) 3TaMH3. Arap Ajijiox, ynapHH 
CH3ra acaMjiaG 6epca, CH3AaH icypa a3H3poi<; OAaM GyjiMaiiAH, - 
AeAHjip. 

(H6hXhhiom: 1/428 -30). 



&•&&•&•& 



234 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Pocyjiyjuio^HMHr Onuja OHaMM3ra yPmaHMiujiapi/i 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 11- hhji IIIaBBOJi oiiHAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy 
anaibcH Ba cajuiaM OmiiaH CajxjxmkKQ po3H5uuioxy arocora 
yHjiaHAHjiap. By naiiTAa y ojith emjiH KH3Ha sah. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuianoxy ajiaiix,H Ba cajuiaM yHra MaAHHaAa x,H»cpaTHHHr 1- 
HHjiHAa KyiiiHJWHnap. YHAa Omiia po3H5uuioxy aroco TyK;K;H3 euiAa 
3AH. (Ca^H^H ByxopHH: 1/551). 

Mcpo Ba Mei>po>K 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM MaHa my Mapx,ajiaHH 
yraG GopaerraH, Hcjiomhh AatBaT 3a<J)ap GnnaH GocHMjiap ypTacn^a 
y3Hra iiyji TonaerraH Ba y30K ycjjiqiapAa yMHA K>jmy3JiapH HHjiTHpaii 
GouiJiaraH 6np naHT^a Hcpo Ba Metpoac x,OAHcacH GyjinG yTAH. 
YuiGy x,OAHcaHHHr GyjinG yrraH nairraHH aHHiqiam GopacH^a 6np 
Hena xhji rannap MaBacyA. Yjiap: 

Hcpo Ba Metpcoic x,OAHcacH Myx,aMMaA ajiaiixHccajiOM 
naHraMGapjiHKKa Myaccap KHjiHHraH Surma GyjinG yTAH. TaGapnii 
yui6y KaBjiHH Hxraep KruiraH. 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 5-HHjiHAa GyjraG yTAH. By ranHH HaBaBHH Ba 
JsypTyGnnjiap KyBBaTjiaraHjiap. 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 10- hhjih PaacaG OHHHHHr 27- xenacHAa GyjinG 
yTAH. 

X,H»cpaTAaH 16 oh ojiahh, atHH HyGyBBaTHHHr 12 - hhjih 
PaMa30H oiiHAa GyjinG yTAH. 

X,H»cpaTAaH 1 HHjiy 2 oh ojiahh, jtbhh HyGyBBaTHHHr 13- hhjih 
Myx,appaM oiiHAa GyjinG yTAH. 

X,H»cpaTAaH 1 hhji ojiahh, atHH HyGyBBaTHHHr 13- HHJIH 
PoGnHtyji aBBan oiiHAa GyjinG yTAH. 

ByjiapAaH aBBanrn 3 Tacn paA KruiHHraH. HyHKH X,aAHna 
po3Hajuiox,y aHx,o HyGyBBaTHHHr 10- hhjih PaMa30H oiiHAa Ba(J)OT 

3TraHAH. YHHHr Ba(|)OTH 5 BaKT HaM03 (J)ap3 KHJIHHHUIHAaH ojiahh 

GyjiraH sah. Bern BaKT HaM03HHHr Hcpo Kenacn (J)ap3 KHjiHHraHHAa 
x,eH 3haahht iiyK;. Ammo KOJiraH ynTacn sea, ynapAaH K;aii Ghphhh 
xynpoK; KyBBaTjiamra acoc Tona ojiMaAHM. JleiaiH "Hcpo" 
cypacHHHHr TaK030CHra KaparaH^a, 6y x,OAHcaHHHr KenpoK GyjinG 
yTraHHra nuiopa KruiHHaAH. Myx,aAAHC ojiHMjiap 6y BOKetaHH 
My(J)accaji phboat KHjiraHjiap. KyiiHAa Gynapra TyxTannG yTaMH3. 



235 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HEH KOMHM AHTA^H: 

Cax,iix, KaBjira icypa: Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM 
acacaAJiapn GnnaH 6npra MaoKHAH X,apaMAaH Eairryji My^aAAacra 
GypoKKa MHHraH xoJuiapHAa cafip 3TTHpHjiAHJiap. y KHuiHra 
}Kh6phji anaiixHCcajiOM x,aMpox, GyjiAHJiap. Eairryji My^aAAacra 
TyuiHpHjiAHjiap. y epAa 6apna naiiFaM6apjiapra hmom GyjinG, HaM03 
yicHAHjiap. BypoKHH AapB03aHHHr xajiKacHra 6oFjia6 KyiiAHJiap. 

IIIyHAaH cyHr uiy KenaHHHr y3HAa Eairryji My^aAAacAaH Ayne 
ocMOHHra KyTapHjiAHjiap. )Kh6phji anaiixHCcajiOM ocmohhh 
ohhjihuihhh cypaAH. Ocmoh ohhjiah. y epAa 6apna GamapHJiTHHHr 
OTacH 6ynraH OAaM ajiaiixHccajiOMHH icypAHJiap. OAaM 
anaiixHccajiOMra canoM GepAHJiap. OAaM anaiixHCcajiOM 
canoMjiapHra ajiHK ojih6, icyTHG ojiflHjiap-fla, naiiFaMGapjiHKjiapHra 
HK;pop 6yjiAHjiap. Ajijiox, Taono IlaHFaMGap anaiixHccajiOMra 
OAaMHHHr yHr TOMOHHAa GaxTjiH 3yppHiieTjiapH pyx,jiapHHH, nan 
TOMOHHAa yHHHr 6aA6axT 3yppHiieTjiapHHH KypcaTAH. 

CyHr hkkhhhh ocMOHra KyTapHjiAHjiap. y KHuiHra ocmoh 
3uiHKjiapH ohhjiah. y epAa ilxe h6h 3aKapne Ba Hhco h6h MapaM 
ajiaHx,HccajiOMjiapHH icypAHJiap. ynapra iiyjiHKHG, canoM GepAHJiap. 
yjiap hkkhch cajiOMnapnra ajiHK ojih6, KyTn6 ojiflHjiap-fla, 
naHFaMGapjiHKjiapHra Hicpop GyjiAHJiap. CyHr ynHHHH ocMOHra 
KyTapHjiAHjiap. y epAa K)cy(J) ajiaiixHccajiOMHH icypAHJiap-Aa, 
canoM GepAHjiap. K)cy(J) anaiixHCcajiOM canoMjiapHra ajiHK ojih6, 
KyTn6 ojiAHJiap-Aa, naiiFaMGapjiHKjiapHra Hicpop GyjiAHJiap. CyHipa 

4- ocMOHra KyTapHjiAHjiap. y epAa Haphc ajiaiixHccajiOMHH 
xypAHjiap-Aa, canoM 6epAHJiap. y khuih cajiOMjiapnra ajiHK ojih6, 
KyTn6 ojiAHJiap-Aa, naiiFaM6apjiHKjiapHra Hicpop GyjiAHJiap. CyHipa 

5- ocMOHra KyrapHjiAHJiap. y epAa XopyH h6h Hmpoh 
ajiaiix,HccajiOMHH icypAHjiap-Aa, canoM GepAHJiap. y khuih 
cajiOMjiapnra ajiHK ojih6, KyTn6 ojiAHJiap-Aa, naiiFaMGapjiHKjiapHra 
Hicpop GyjiAHjiap. CyHipa 6- ocMOHra KyrapHjiAHJiap. y epAa Myco 
h6h Hmpoh ajiaiix,HccajiOMHH icypAHjiap-Aa, canoM GepAHJiap. y 
khuih x,aM cajiOMjiapnra ajiHK ojih6, KyrnG ojiAHJiap-Aa, 
naiiFaM6apjiHKjiapHra Hicpop GyjiAHJiap. Myco ajiaiixHCcajiOMHHHr 
ojiAHJiapHAaH yTn6 KeTHuiran, y HHFjiaii 6ouuiaAH. yHAaH: - CeHH 
iiHFjiaTraH Hapca HHMa? - Aea cypajiAH. Myco anaiixHccajiOM: 



236 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- MeHAaH KeHHH loGoproiraH GojiaHHHr yMMaTjiapHAaH acaHHaTra 
KHpraHjiapn, MemiHr yMMaTHMAaH acaHHaTra KHpraHJiapHAaH Kypa 
KynpoK Gyjia^H, - p,e6 acaBoG 6epAH. 

CyHrpa 7- ocMOHra KyTapnjiAHjiap. Y epm HGpoxHM 
anaiixHCcajiOMra iryjiHKAHjiap. YHra cajiOM GepAHJiap. Y khuih 
cajiOMjiapnra ajiHK ojih6, KyraG ojiAHJiap-Aa, naiiFaMGapjiHKJiapHra 
HKpop 6yjiAHJiap. CyHr y epAaH "CH^PATyJI MyHTA^O"ra 
KyTapHjiAHjiap. y HHjiy(J)ap Aapaxra GyjinG, yHHHr MeBacH Xaacap 
Ky3anapHra, Gaprnapn cjdhjihhhf KyjioiqiapHra yxmap. CyHr yHra 
onTHHAaH 6ynraH HOHuiaG ypanraHHAa, TypjiH-TyMaH paHrnap Ba 
Hyp KonnaHnG, y3rana Tyc ojiah. Ajijiox apaTraH MaxnyKOTjiap 
opacHAa yHHHr ry3ajuiHrH TapoBaTHHH Tatpnc^jiaG, CH(J)aTjia6 
Gepnuira koahp GynaAHraH 6npoH KHMca iryK,. yHHHr TatpntJ) - 
TaBCH(J)HAaH KanaMjiap oacH3AHp. CyHr y KHinnra "Eaihyji 
MatMyp" x,03np khjihhah. y epra x,ap KyHH 70000 (JjapHurra 
KnpaAH Ba ynap 6y epra 6ouiK,a KairraG KejiMaiiAHjiap. 

CyHrpa acaHHaTra KHpHTHjiAHjiap. yH^a natJiH-MapacoH TH3HjiraH 
Hnnap 6yjiH6, Tynpoiyiapn Myuixy aH6ap sah. y epAaH juia Tenara 
KyrapHjiAHnap. By epAa 6np KeHrjiHK GyjinG, y epAa KaJiaMjiapHHHr 
e3aeTraH TOByuijiapn suihthjihG Typap 3ah. CyHr nanraMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHH )Ka66op acajuia )Kajiojiyxy xy3ypnra KyrapHjiAH. 
y khuihhh Po66hji H33ara myHnajiap aKHHjiauiTHpHjiAHKH, x,aTro 
"K^oGa K^OBcaHH" KaMOHHHHr hkkh neTHna Maco(J)a kojiah. Ajijiox, 
a33a Ba acamia y"3 GaHAacnra y"3H HCTaraH HapcajiapnHH GyiopAH. 
riaiiFaMGap anaiixHCcajiOMra 50 BaKT HaM03 (J)ap3 khjihhah. 
IIaHFaM6ap anaiixHCcajiOM y epAaH KairraG TyuuiG, Myco 
ajiaiixHCcajiOMHHHr ojiAHra KejiAHJiap. Myco: 

- Po66nHrH3 CH3ra HHManapHH GyiopAH? - p,e6 cypaAH. 
riaiiFaMGap anaiixHCcajiOM: 

"3juiuk eaiqn. homo3hu", - AeAHJiap. Myco: 

- yMMaTHHrH3 6yHH aAO STHiura TOKaTjiapH eTMaiiAH. K^airraG 
6opn6 Po66HHrH3AaH yMMaTHHrrora eHrnjijiHR cypaHr! - acah. 
riaiiFaMGap anaiixHCcajiOM, xyAAH MacnaxaT cyparaH khuih icaGn, 
)Kh6phji anaiixHccajiOMra K)3JiaHAHjiap. )Kh6phji anaiixHCcajiOM: 

- X,a MafijiH, arap HCTacaHrH3,- acah. )Kh6phji anaiixHCcajiOM y 
khuihhh )Ka66op TaGapoKa Ba TaojiOHHHr xy3ypjiapnra ojih6 hhkah. 



237 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

(Bax,ojiaHKH IlaHFaMGap ajiaMxHccajiOM y3 acoiiiiapHAa 3AHjiap. By 
EyxopuHHHHr jia(J)3H). HaM03AaH 10 Baicra ojihhhG, eHrHjuiaTHjiAH. 
CyHr aHa Myco ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr onAHra KenAHJiap. Myco 
anaibcHccajiOM: 

- E^aHTHG 6opn6, Po66HHrH3AaH yMMaTjiapuHnera aHa eHrHjuiHK 
cypaHr! - p,ep,u. IlaHFaMGap ajiafixHccajiOM Ajijiox, a33a Ba JKanjia 
x,y3ypnra GopHG-KairraiiiAa AaBOM 3TAHjiap. X,aTTO HaM03 5 Baicrra 
TyiHHpnimH. Myco anaibcHCcajiOM 5iHa 6opn6 eHrmijiHK 
cypauinapHHH GyiopAHjiap. IHyHAa Pocyjiymiox, cajuianoxy anaiixH 
Ba canjiaM: 

- "Men Po66uMdan x,ae KfinduM. JleKun Men po3u 6yjiu6 
6yiicyHaMaH" - AeAmiap. IlaHFaMGap ajiafixHCcajiOM y30iyiaiiiraH, 
6np hhao KenAH: 

- "Oap3JiapHMHH GyiopAHM Ba GaHAanapHMra eHrHjuiHK 
6epAHM!" 

(3o/iyji Mao^:2/47-48). 
KypraHjiapHra xhjio(J) ynapoK acyMjiaHH 3HKp k;hjih6, cyHr H6h 
TaHMHHHHHr 6y 6opaAarn ranjiapHHH KenTHpaAH. Eaxc - 
MyH03apanapAaH kojihG HHK^aH xynoca myicH, IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr P066 TaonoHH Ky3 GnnaH KypraHjiHKjiapH aHHK; 
co6ht GyjiMaraH. HyHKH 6y ranHH caxpGajiapHHHr GnpoTacH xaM 
aifrraH 3Mac. H6h A66ocAaH Haiqi KHjiHHraH KypHiHjiHK 3ca MyrjiaK 
6yjiH6, y K;aji6 Ky3H GnnaH KypuuiRiip. Bhphhhh cy3 hkkhhhhchhh 
hhkop 3TMaHAH. CyHr H6h E^ohhhm: 

- Ammo "BaH-HaacM" cypacHAarn : 

( 8) j& u3 p 

8. CyHrpa HKiiH.iauiiiS, nacTjiaan. 

- By Hcpo KHecacHAaH Gom^a jKOHAarn jiKHHjiamyBAHp. Hymen 
"BaH-HaacM" cypacHAarn 3HKp KHjiHHraH aKHHjiauiyB, 5Kh6phji 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHHHr jiKHHjiaiiiyBAHp. Onma po3H5uuioxy aHxo Ba 
H6h MactyA aifrTaHjiapH icaGu, Hcpo xpAHcacnAarn aKHHjiainyB, 
xen uiaK-uiy6x,acH3 Po66 Ta6opaKa Ba TaonoHHHr aKHHjiamyBHAHp. 
ByHra "BaH-HaacM" cypacHAa atrapos nyX BajiKH yHAa 
IlaHFaMGap ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr hkkhhhh MapTa yKnGpuji 
ajiaHXHCcajiOMHH KypumjiapH "CH,IIPATyJI MyHTAX,0" onAHAa 



238 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

GynraHH 6aeH KHjimiaAH. MyxaMMaA anaiixHccajiOM )Kh6phjihh 
hkkh MapTa y3 cypaTHAa KypraHjiap. Enp MapTa epAa, hkkhhhh 
MapTa 3ca, "CHflPATYJI MYHTA^O" ojiAHAa. Bajuioxy a-uiaM, 

(Ajijio^ 6HJiryBHHpOK7IHp). Hhthxo. 

(3o/iyji-Mao/i:2/47-48 ; Caxn*H-EyxopHfi: 1/150, 455-56, 470). 

BatSH 6np puBOATnapAa KejiHiiiHHa, MaHa my ca(J)apAa 
IlaHFaMGap ajiaiixHCcajiOMHHHr KyKpaKJiapn hkkhhhh 6op 
epunraHAHp. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM MaHa uiy 
ca(J)apAa 6np Hena Hiiuiapra hioxha Gyjiranjiap. Ynap: 

* Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba camiaMra cyT GnnaH mapo6- 
apaic; pynapa khjihhah. y khihh cyTHH TaHjiafliuiap. IHyHAa y 
KHuinra: - "Oumparma uyjiiiaHdumu3" exn "(Dumpamuu myzpu 
mondumm! Aeap cu3 mapoduu ojieciHiimii3da yMMamumii3 
zyjyipox, 6yji2dH 6ynap adu ",- AeiiHJiAH. 

* "CHflPATyJI MyHTA^O" ojiAHAa okh6 HHK&erraH 4 AapeHH 
Kyp^Hjiap. Hkkh Aape 30x,np Ba HKKHracH 6othh 3-ah. Eothh GyjiraH 
hkkhch 6y acaHHaTAarn Aapenap GyjinG, 30XHp GyjiraH hkkhch Hhji 
GnnaH OypoT AapenapHHH KypHimiapH - 6y GnnaH Hcjiomhh my 
hkkh yjiKaAa ypHaiimG, uiy epAaH Aynera TapKanHiiiHra Hiiiopa 
6ynraH 6ynca aaca6 3Mac. BAjinoxy atnaM. 

* fl,y3ax, nocGoHH GyjiraH (JjapHiirraHH KypAHJiap. y xyMpaiiraH 
6yjin6, acno KyjiMac, yHHHr K>3HAa xaM, 3THAa xaM ohhk, nexpajiHK 
HyK, 3AH. IIIyHHHrAeK acaHHaT Ba Ay3ax,HH xaM KypAHJiap. 

* fl,y3ax,Aa eraMjiap mojihhh 3yjiM GnnaH eiiAHraHjiap 
KypcaTHjiAH. YjiapHHHr OFH3JiapH xyAAH TyaHHHr of3h Ka6n 6yjin6, 
OFH3JiapHra yT^aH 6ynraH Te3aK Ka6n Hapca TamjiaHap, yHH K>TraH, 
opKanapHAaH hhkhG KeTapAH. 

* CyAxypnapHH KypcaTHjiAH. YjiapHHHr KopmuiapH myHHajiHK 
Kaira sahkh, yHHHr KaTrajiHrHAaH ypHHjiapHAaH Ky3FajiH6 
TyponMac SAHJiap. yjiapHHHr ojiAHJiapHAaH OnptaBH ax,juiapn yraG 
KOJica, ynapHH 6och6, ohk-octh khjihG yTHiiiap 3ah. 

* 3HHOKopjiapHH KypcaTHjiAH. yjiapHHHr ojiAHjiapHAa ceMH3 
Ma33ajiH ryiiiT Typap, yHHHr ojiAHAa sea cacnraH, opHK,, K,aTTHK; 
ryiiiT 6yjin6, ynap ceMH3 iomihok; ryiiiTHH eMafi, cacnraH opnic;, 
KaTTHK; ryuiTHH naiiHap SAHJiap. 

* MaKKa ax,jinra TermiijiH GyjiraH, KairraeTraH KapBOHHH 
KypAHjiap. yjiapHH k,ohh6 KeTraH Tyajiapnra AanonaT khjihhah. Tya 

239 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

ynap yxna6 erraH nairrjiapnAa, of3ii 6epK GynraH HAHiHjiapHAarH 
cyBjiapHHH hhh6, HAHiHjiapHH ycTH 6epK xonaTiiAa k;ojiahph6 
KeTraH. Pocyjiyjinox cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMrii KypcaTHjiraH 
yui6y x,OAHca, Hcpo TOHrHAa KypraHjiHrHHH AatBO 
KHjiaeTraHjiapHHH xaK-pocr aicaHjiiiriira Aajmji GynraH. 

(K)K;opH/iarH MaH6atJiap Ba H6h X,hihom: 1/397-406). 

H6h K^ohhhm inyHAafi j^qtajxh: 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM TOHr OTran, K;aBMjiapn 
onAHra HHKAHjiap Ba TyH^a Ajijiox y KHiiiiira KypcaTraH 
Myi,)KH3ajiapH xa^HAa rannpuG GepAHJiap. ByHH aminraH KaBMHHHr 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy anaHx,H Ba cajuiaMHii cjifohhh Knjinffljiapn 
Ba 03op 6epniiijiapii KynaHuG KeTAH. Ynap IlaHFaMGap 
anaHx,HCcajiOMAaH Eaifryji J^yAAycHH Tatpiic^jiaG GepiimjiapiiHH 
cypaAHJiap. Ajijiox, Taono Eaihyji IfyAAycHii IlaiiFaMGap 
ajiaiixHCcajiOMHiiHr Ky3 ojiAHJiapura KejiTupuG KyiiAii. Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajuiajioxy ajiaiixii Ba camiaM yjiapra Eaihyji KyAAycHHHr 
ajiOMaTjiapuHH 6npMa-6np rannpuG 6epa GomjiaAHjiap. Ynap 6y 
TatpiKjjjiapHH paA Kmia ojiMac 3AHjiap. MaKicajiiiKjiapra 
y3JiapiiHiiHr KapBOHjiapn, yHHHr KeTiiuiii Ba KairriimiiHii, xaivma 
Maxxara Kiipn6 Kejinui BaKTHHH Ba yH^aH ojiahh KejiaerraH KapBOH 
xaGapiiHii GepAHjiap. HuuiapHHHr Gapnacn Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajioxy 
ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHimr xa6ap GepraHjiapiiAeic GyjiAH. JIckhh 6y 
yjiapHiiHr Ha(f)paTjiapHHH aHaAa 3neAa kiijiah xojioc. OaK;aT 
30JiHMjiapHHHr Kytjjpiira Ky(J)p KymiuiAH. 

(3o^yji Mao^: 1/48, Ca>^H EyxopHii:2/684, CaxnxH MycnHM: 1/96, 

H6hX,hhiom: 1/402-03). 

OAaMjiap 6y BOKetaHH cjifohhh khjih6 TypraH 6np naiiTAa, A6y 
Baxp Ciiaahk ynn TacAH^jiaAH. Illy MyHOcaGaT 6miaH y Ciiaahk 
homhhh ojiah. Ym6y My6opaK ca(J)apHiiHr ca6a6n xaKiiAarn 3hx 
KHCK;a Ba 6yiOK MatJiyMOT Ajijiox TaojiOHHHr MaHa 6y ojrriiAiip. 

USjU iJJS\ L gA$'i\ O^tlwiJl ^J\ ?Yj>A\ ^«tlwiJl ly> Tul OJCxj i£'jA tjJS\ d\?slLi 

1. (Ajijiox) 6np Kena, Y3 SaHAacii (MyxaMMaA)HH - yHra oht- 
Myi>5KH3ajiapHMH3AaH KypcaTHin ynyH (MaKKaAarii) MacaciiA- 
aji-X,apoMAaH (KyAAycAarn) Bh3 aTpocjMHH 6apaKOT.in kii.tiio 
KyiiraH Mac5KHA-ajiAi<cora caiip Kii.iAiipraH (6apna aii6y 



240 



AppoxiiKVJi Maxmy.M ^ju^LJ/jLt^^// 

HyKCOHAaH) iiok 30Tflnp. ,3,apx,aK;HK;aT, y 3uiHTyBHH, KypryBHH 

30TflHp. (Hcpo: 1). 

75. niyHflaii khjihS H6pox,HMra (y3H ynyH xy:»oKaT k;hjih6 
ojihihh) ea aHiiK HinoHyBHHjiapaaH 6yjin6 kojihuih ynyH 
ocMOHjiap Ba ep MaMjiaKaTjiapHHH KypcaTypMH3. (Aht,om:75). 

Ba Myco ajiaiixHccajiOMra: 

(23) i£j&\ i&jf ^ HjJS 

23. Bh3 ceHra SyiOK iviyi>>KH3a.iapniviinHn KypcaTHiu ynyH 

(uiyHAafi khjiahk). (To^o:23). 

Ajijiox, Taono yin6y KypcaTHiiijiapAaH GyjiraH MaKcaAHH 3ca 
Y3HHHHr MaHa 6y oaTH^a 6aeH KHjiraH: 

(75) Cj*$3^ s & bjfcb* - 
... Ba amik HmoHyBHHjiapaaH 6yjin6 kojihihh ynyH ocMOHjiap 
Ba ep MaMjiaKaTjiapHHH KypcaTypMH3. 

IlaHFaMGapjiapHHHr HjiMjiapn MaHa uiyHAafi Myi>:>KH3ajiap 
KypcaTHjiHuiH GnnaH KyBBaTjiaHTHpHjiran, my Ky3JiapH GnjiaH 
KypnuiAaH ynap ynyH mhkaophhh ynnaG GyjiMaiiAHraH Hapcanapra 
aHHK hihohh x,ochji 6yjiaAH. HaTH^caAa ynap AjinoxHHHr iiyjiHAa 
6ouiK;a HHCOHjiap TOK;aTH eTMaHAHraH lOKjiapHH KyrapaAHJiap. 
yjiapHHHr Ha3apHAa 6yTyH AyneAarn Kyn-KyflpaTjiap namiiiaHHHr 
KaHOTHAeK GyjinG K,ojiap,u. Ynap 6y iiyjiAa MexHaTy MamaKKaTjiapra 
pynapa Kencajiap x,aM HapnaMaiiAHjiap. 

YuiGy MyGopaK ca(J)ap yKys-buMTjiapummr 3aMHpH£a GepioiHraH 
cnpy x,HKMaTjiap, yjiapHHHr 6ax,c yP HH "IHapn-baT CHpjiapn" 
KHTo6HAa H(J)OAajiaHraH. JleKHH 6y ep#a coAAarmia xHKMaTjiap 
6opKH, ynap MaHa uiy My6opaic ca(J)apHHHr GynoiyiapHAaH othjih6 
hhk;h6, IIaHFaM6ap anaiixHCcajiOM cniipaTjiapH ryji3opjiapHra 
KyHHjiaAH. IIIyHHHr ynyH x,aM yina XHKMaTjiapAaH 6ai>3HjiapH 
xa^H^a TyxrajiHG yTHiimH jio3hm TonflHM. 

Myx,TapaM yKyBHHMH3 Ajijiox, TaonoHiiHr MaHa my Hcpo 
KHecacHHH Hcpo cypacHHHHr (J)aK;aT GnpniHa ojmma 3HKp 
KHjiraHHHH Kypa^H. CyHr jixyAHHjiapHHHr pacBOJinrH-io, yjiapHHHr 
acHHoaTjiapH xa^H^a cy3 k>phth6, yjiapra 6y K^yptOH 3Hr Tyrpn 



241 



Appoxwwji Maxmy.M ?j±lJI (jj^jll 

fiyjira HyjuiauiHHH xaGapHHH GepaAH. YKyBHH Aa4)i>aTaH "6y hkkh 
oaTHHHr Gnp-GnpHra ajiOKacn iiyV -p,e6 yHJiaiiAH. AcjiHAa yHAaii 
3Mac. HyHKH Ajijiox Taono MaHa fflyHAaii ycjiy6jiap GnnaH Hcpo 
(atHH cafip 3TTHpHin)HHHr EaHiyji K^yAAycrana GynraHHra miiopa 

KHJiaAH. HyHKH 5IX,yAHHJiap Te3 KyH^a HHCOHH5IT MHJIJiaTH 

pax,6apjiHrH MaHca6nAaH neTjiaTHjiaAH. ByHra ca6a6 sea, ynapHHHr 
coahp 3TraH >KHH05iTjiapH ynapHH 6y MaHcaG^a K,ojiHiiiHra ypHH 
KyHMaraHjiHrHAHp . 

Ajijiox, cy6x,aHaxy Ba Taono 6y MaHcaGmi shah y3HHHHr sjihhch 
6ynraH MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOMra ojih6 6epn6, H6poxhmhhji 
AatBaTHHiiHr x,ap hkkh MapKa3HHH x,aM y KHinnra acaMjia6 GepaAH. 
Pyx,OHHH pax,6apjiHKHH 6np yMMaTAaH hkkhhhh 6np yMMaTra yTHiii 
MyAAaTH anaKanoH eTn6 KejiraHAH. ABBajirn yMMaT y3 Tapiixn 
caxH(J)ajiapHHii MaKpy-xneHaT, ryHoxy aAOBaTjiap 6miaH TyjiAnpn6 
6ynraH. Hkkhhhh yMMaT jixiiihjihk, 33iyjiHK 6miaH Tyjin6, yHHiir 
naiiFaMGapii 3Hr Tyrpii iiyjira iiyjiJiOBHH KyptOH BaxniiCHAaH 
6axpaMaHA 6yjin6 TypnGAH. JIckhh 6y pax6apjiHK 6np yMMaTAaH 
hkkhhhh 6np yMMaTra KaHAaii khjih6 yraAH? IIaHFaM6ap OAaMjiap 
opaciiAaH KyBiijin6, MaKKa TornapiiAa iopraH Gyjica?! MaHa 6y 
caBOJi 6omK,a 6np xaKHK,aTHHHr napAacHHH onaAH. 

Hcjiomhh AatBaTHHHr 6np Gockhhh Tyra6 Huxoacura eTafi Ae6 
KOjiah. 3hah 6omK,a hkkhhhh 6ockhh 6ouuiaHH6, y GnpHHHHCHAaH 
y3 iiyHajiHuiHAa GyTyHjiaii (J)apK, KHJiaAH. IIIyHHHr ynyH xaM, 6y 
cypaAarn 6ai.3H OHTjiapHH ca(J)ap KHjiyBHHHHHr 

oroxJiaHTHpHinjiapHHH Ba MyuipHKjiapra HncGaTaH K,aTTHK; 
TaxAHAJiapHH y3 nnnra ojiraHHHH KypaMH3. 

. s^°£i \&\ijtj3 JjlJi iglip fai igJ \jjlJl3 l|-s^ Uyi i£3 dJLL^i <L)? uSji (Sjj 

(17) j»«44 'jss** ?^^ t-JaiJLj dJjjJ iJ"3 TV ^*-i (V? <^9»"' iyt ^«^*' ii^J 
16. Bll3 K3M0H 6lipOH L1J :tX:i |>H II X,ajIOK KM 1 II 111 H II HCTaCaK, 

yHHHr SoeH.iapiiHii (Y3hmh3 K>6opraH naiiFaM6apjiapra HToaT 
STHuira) SyiopnS, yjiap HToaTCH3JiHK KiuiiiwraM, y uiaxap 
(axonHcn) ycTHra Cy3 (a3o6 TyuiHuin) BoaciiS-MyKappap Syjiyp. 
Bac, Bh3 yHH BaiipoHara aiijiaHTHpypMH3. 



242 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

17. Hyx, (KaBMHAaH) kchhh x,aM KaHna acpjiapHH (aBjioAJiapHn) 
x,ajiOK khjiahk. (3h Myx^MMaA), IIapBapflHropHHrH3HHHr Y3H 
SaHflajiapHHHHr ryHOx,jiapHflaH eTapjin xaSapaop, orox,flnp. 

(Hcpo: 16-17). 

Cypa AaBOMHAa JiHa myHAaii ojrniap 6opKH, ynap MycyjiMOHjiapra 
TapaKKHeT acocjiapn Ba yHHHr KOH^a-io 6aHAJiapHHH 6aeH khjih6 
GepaAH. MaHa uiy acoc, KOH^a Ba GaH^Jiap ycTHra ynapHHHr 
Hcjiomhh acaMHaTjiapH 6apno GyjiaAH. Tye MycyjiMOHjiap 6ouiK,a 
6np acoiiAa naHOx, toiihG, y ep#a y3 HuuiapHHHHr 6apna 
KHppanapHHH 3rajuia6 GyjinmraH, x,aM#a acaMHjrr TernpMOHH yHHHr 
aTpo(J)HAa annaHaAHraH Mycrax,KaM GnpjiHK naiiAO KiuiraHjiap. 
YH^a Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiix,H Ba cajinaMHHHr Te3 opa#a 
GouinaHa Ba omohjihk TonnG, y ep^a y3 huihhh 
6api<;apopjiauiTHpHuiH Ba yma ep 6y AatBaTjiapHHH 6yTyH onaM 
GypnaKjiapHra ennui ynyH MapKa3 6yjin6 KOJiHuinra nuiopa 6op. By 
MaHa uiy MyGopaic ca(J)apHHHr cnpjiapHAaH 6ynraH 6nprHHa 
cnpAHp. 

MaHa uiy Ba uiy Ka6n x,HKMaTjiap ca6a6jin Hcpo x,OAHcacn 
Ghphhhh aK,a6a GantaTHAaH 03rHHa ojiahhpok; exn hkkh aK,a6a 
GaiitaTH ypTacn^a pyii GepraH 6ynca xepaic p,e6 6HjiaMH3. 
BAjinoxy atnaM. 

Bmpmhhm AKa6a 6aMi,aTM 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 11- hhjih X,aac MaBCHMH^a ilcpnG ax,jiHHHHr 6 
Ha(J)apH Hcjiomhh K;a6yji KHjiraHH Ba naiiraMGap ajiaiix,HCcajiOMra y 
KHuiHHHHr PHCOJiaTjiapHHH y3 KaBMjiapnra eTKa3Huira Bat^a 
GepraHjiapHHH THjira ojih6 yrraH 3jj.uk. Ahhh MaHa uiy BOKeta 
Ty<J)aHjiH KenacH HHjirn Xa>K, jtbhh HyGyBBaTHHHr 12- hhjih 
mhhjioahh 621- hhji HiojiHAa, ynap 12 khuih GyjinG KejiHumH. Ynap 
opacHAa yTraH hhjih Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiix,H Ba camiaMra 
x,aMcyx,6aT GyjiranjiapAaH 5 Ha(J)apH, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy 
ajiaiix,H Ba camiaMra x,aMcyx,6aT 6yjiMaraH ojithhhh khuih DKoGnp 
h6h AGAyjiJiox, h6h Phbo6 Ba ynapAaH TauiKapH 7 Ha<J)ap GyjinG, 
ynap Abc Ba Xa3paac K,a6HjiajiapHHHHr Typjin ypyrjiapnAaH 3AHjiap. 

Xa3pa5K KaSHjiacnaaH: 

1 - Myt03 h6h Xppnc h6h A(J)poa (BaHy Haacacop). 

2 - 3aKBOH h6h A6yju<;aHC (BaHy 3ypaiiK;). 

3 - Y66oAa h6h Comht (BaHy FaHaM). 

243 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±^[jj^±jjl 

4 - il3HA h6h CatnaGa (BaHy FaHaM HTTH(J)OK;HHjiapHAaH) 

5 - A66oc h6h Y66oAa h6h Ha3Jia (BaHy Cojihm) 

Abc KaSHjiacnaaH: 

6 - A6yn XaficaM h6h TaiixpH (BaHy AG^yji Amxaji) 

7 - YBaHM h6h CotHAa (BaHy Amp h6h Ab(J)). 
BynapHHHr oxnprH hkkh Ha(J)apH Abc KaGnjiacHAaH GynnG, 

KOJiraHjiapHHHHr Gapnacn Xa3paac KaGnjiacnra MaHcyG KHuinjiap 

3AH. 

(H6hXhihom: 1/43 1-33). 

By KHuinjiap Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM GnnaH 
MnHOAarn Aic;a6aAa ynpauinG, XyAaiiGHJi BOKetacHAaH KeHHHrn 
aennap GafitaTH xai<;HAa ho3hji 6yjiraH GaHAJiapra MyBO(J)HK; y 
KHiiiHra 6aHi.aT GepAHjiap. Apa6 THjiHAarn "GantaT" y36eic THjiHAa 
"ax,AHOMa" MatHOCHHH aHrnaTaAH. Bh3 6y nGopaHH y3 xpjiHna, 
atHH "GantaT" maicjiHAa KyjuiaiiMH3. 

Hmom ByxopHHHHHr YGGoAa h6h CoMHTAaH KHjiHHraH 
pHBoaTHra xypa: 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba caiuiaM uiyHAan AeiiAHjiap: 

<U J$3 LJill ^J Aj <_l£x£ Ulw *-lll J £)•* uLufli <j^» J mill /Jp *J^ j*^ 4 <Aj <j-»^ 

. Ajilt flu <jl . Attl /J] ft j-ali . aU) jlutfl luu *-lll J jji LjLuai <j^»j 
^Ajfc Up flu (jlj 

"Kejiumjiap, (Kyiiudaeimapea 6uHoan) Mema ax,d 6epu6, 
6auT>am depumnap! : 

Awioxpa 6upou uapcauu mepuK i^wiMac/iuKJiapummea, 

YzupnuK qwiMacjiuKJiapumea, 

3uho i^ujiMacjiuK/iapumea, 

Y3 6oji(uiapumu3HU yjidupMacjiuiuiapumza, 
Kyn-oeKjiapu ypmacuda myK,u6 ojiadman 6yx,moHHU 
igiJiMacjiiiKJiapumea 
Eupou nxuiu umda Mema umoamcmnuK KfiJiMacjiuKJiapumza 

Cu3JiapdaH kum MU3Kyp utu/iapea eaipo kujico. Ynum awcp- 
MyKO(pomu Ajuiox,Hum 3UMMacudadup. Cu3Jiapdau kum MU3Kyp 
uuiJiapdau 6upoumacuHU 6y3ca-io, my dyneda mco30cuhu onca, 6y 

244 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^ju^lJ/jL^jl// 

yma Ka(p(popamdup. Kum yuapdan 6upoumacuHU 6y3ca-io, 
Ajijiox, yuum uu6uhu 6epKumca, yuum uiiiu Awioxpa x,aeoiiadup. 
Y3U XfOXfiiaca ynu dtca30iiaudu, xpxpaca Kenupud wdopadu. " 

- E113 Ma3Kyp iimjiapra 6iiHoaH Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiix,ii 
Ba canjiaMra GafitaT GepAiiK, - AeiiAii Y66oAa ii6h Comht. 

(ByxopHii "Hhmoh ajioMaTH" 6o6h:1/7, 
"AHCopnapHHHr ajiHHJiapn" 6o6h: 1/550-51). 

I/ICJIOM 3J1HMCM MaflMHafla 

BafitaT TaMOM 6yjin6, X,aac MaBCiiMii Hiixpjiciira eTran, naiiraMGap 
ajiaHx,HccajiOM 6y "6airbaTHiuiap" 6njiaH 6npra, ynapra Hcjiom 
uiapHtaTH KOHyH-KOHAanapHHH ypraTiim, yjiapiiii ahh HjiMiiAaH 
xaGapAop kiijiiiih Ba MaAiiHaAa Mympiiic xpjuiapiiAa auia6 icejiraH 
OAaMjiap opacHAa Hcjiom AatBaTiiHii eiiiiiii ynyii 3Hr 6npiiHHii 
3jiHHjiapHHH MaAHHara K>6opAiijiap. 

PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba canjiaM 6y 3jihiijiiik ynyii 
Hcjiom einjiapiiAaH, aBBanrn coGiiigiapAaH 6yjiraH em iiiiriiT 
MyctaG ii6h YMaiip AGAapiiii po3ii5ijijioxy aiixyHii TamiaAiijiap. 

KyBOHHJiM 3acjjap 

Myci.a6 h6h YMaiip ActaA h6h 3ypopaHiiHr yiiiira TyiiiAii. V 
iiKKanacii ilcpn6 ax,jin opaciiAa Hcjiomhii acroiiAiiji, aciiAAy-^axA 
6njiaH ea GouiJiaAii. MyctaG ii6h YMaiip y epAa "MyKpiit" 
yiciiTyBHii, ycT03 Aea TaHiuiAii. KyHjiapHiiHr 6npiiAa ActaA, 
MyctaG ii6h YMaiipHii AGAyji Amxaji Ba Eaiiy 3a(J)ap AHepjiapiimi 
Ky3jia6 xynara ojiiiG hiikah. HyjiAa ynap BaHy 3a(J)apra Teriiuuiii 
GyjiraH 6np Kyproiira Kiipn6, MapaK homjiii KyAyK ojiAiira 
yTiipAiinap. 

YnapHiiHr ojiAHJiapiira MycyjiMOHjiapAaH 6ynraH OAaMjiap iiiiFiijia 
GouijiaAiijiap. 

BaHy AGAyJi AmxajiAaii y3 KaBMjiapiiHiiHr caMiiAJiapii 6yjiraH 
CatA h6h Myt03 Ba YcaiiA h6h Xy3aiip (y naiiTAa ynap MyuipiiK 
3AiiJiap) 6y iiKKii AatBaTHii xaKiiAa sunn-ran, CatA YcaiiAra: 

- 3aii(J)jiapiiMii3Hii najiFiiTaeTraH aHaBii iiKKiiciira 6opn6, 6np 
AyK- nyniica kiijiiiG, 6113 TOMOHjiapra KejiMaiiAiiraH kiijiiiG KyiiriiH. 
ActaA h6h 3ypopa MeHiiHr xonaMHii yrjiii GynaAii, GyjiMaca mch 
y3iiM yjiapHii tiihiiG KyiiraH 6yjiapAHM, -ji,eji,ii. YcaiiA HaireaciiHii 



245 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Kyjiura ojih6, ynap tomoh Hyn ojiah. yHHHr KenaeTraHHHH KypraH 
ActaA MyctaGra: 

- CeHHHr onAHHrra KejiaerraH khihh BaHy AG^yJi AmxajiHHHr 
caHHHAH GyjiaAH. Arap y AHHrra KHpca yHra KymroiHG KOJiraHjiap 
x,aM HcnoMra KHpn6 KeTHiiiH MyMKHH, - acah. YcaHA Kena cojihG: 

- CeH HKKanaHr 6y epra Hera KejiAHHraap, ceHjiapra >koh xepax 
6ynca, 6y epAaH TyeiqiapHHrHH fflHK,KHji.jiaTH6 KOJinapHHr! - acah. 
Myct>a6 yHra: 

- ABBan yrapnG 6np 3iiiHTMaHcaHMH? Arap hiii ceHra MatKyn 
6ynca, K;a6yji KHjiacaH. Arap eKMaca, yH^aH y3HHrHH TopTacaH, - 
AeflH. YcanA: 

- Hhco(J)jih ranHH aHTAHHr, - AeAH-Aa, HaroacHHH epra caHnnG 
KynnG, ranra KynoK cona GomnaAH. MyctaG h6h YManp yHra 
HcnoMAaH rannpnG, KyptOH THjiOBaT khjihG 6epAH. Y xajiH 
rannpiviaH Typn6, ymiHr K>3up,a Hcjiomhh ce3a 6ouuiaAHJiap. 
3iiiHTraHH caHHH yHHHr nexpacn ohhjihG, K>3JiapH epmiiHG 
GopapAH. 

- HaKaAap aacn6, Ha KaAap hhpohjih cy3Jiap 6y? ! Arap 6y AHHra 
KnpaAHraH 6yjicaHrH3 K,aHAOK KHjiacrojiap? - p,e6 cypaAH y. Hkkhch 
yHra: 

-ABBan rycji khjihG, KHHHMjiapHHrHH noKjiancaH-Aa, maxpAaT 
KanHMacHHH aHTn6, ryBoxAHK GepacaH Ba hkkh paxaaT HaM03 
yKHHcaH, - AeHHiiiAH. YcaPip, ypmiAaH TypnG, 6opn6 K>BHHAH-Aa, 
maxpAaT KanHMacHHH aiiTnG, hkkh paKaaT HaM03 yKHAH. CyHr 
HKKHcnra: 

- MeHHHr ropTHMAa 6np OAaM 6op, arap y CH3Jiapra apramca, 
yHHHr KaBMHAaH xen khm yH^aH opKaAa KOJiMaHAH. MeH yHH 
x,03HpoK, onAHHrH3ra 6ouiJia6 KenaMaH! y CatA h6h Myt03AHp, - 
Ae^H. KeHHH Han3acHHH Ky-Jinra ojih6, CatA h6h Myt03 tomoh Hyn 
ojiah. Catfl h6h Myi.03 y3 K,aBMH GnjiaH MaiKjincroxHAa yrapap 
3AH. y KejiaerraH ycaiiAHH KypnG, KaBMAOimiapHra: 

- Ajuiox,HHHr HOMHra K,acaM hhh6 airraMaHKH, y GyTyHjian 
y3rapn6, GomKana OAaM GyjinG, CH3JiapHH ojiAHHrrora KenaanTH, - 
Ae^H. 

Ma5KJiHcrox,ra KenraH ycaiiAra My 03: 

- HHMa KHjiAHHr?! - acah. ycaiiA yHra: 



246 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- HKKanacH 6nnaH xaM rannaiiiAHM. Ajuioxra K,acaMKH, ynapAa 
GnpoH eMOHjiHKHH KypMaAHM. YnapHH KaiiTapAHM. Yjiap: - ManjiH 
ceHH HCTaraHHHrHH KHjiaMH3 AeAHJiap, jickhh ActaA h6h 3ypopa 
ceHHHr xonaHrHH yrjiH 3KaHHHH Gnna TypnG, aTaHHH ceHHHr 
x,HMoaHrHH 6y3Hin ynyH BaHy Xppnca K,aBMH yHH yjiAHpHiii ynyH 
nynra HHKAHJiap. 

By ran^aH Fa3a6jiaHraH CatA ypHHAaH caxpa6 Typn6, HaroacHHH 
Kyjiura ojiah-io, hkkh AatBaTHH tomoh Hyn ojiah. YjiapHMHr xap 
hkkhchhh xoTHpacaM yTHpraHHHH KypraH CatA, YcaHAHHHr yjiap 
rannapHra y xaM KynoK cojihihhhh HcraraHHHH aHrna6 eTAH. 
CyKHHnG ryAparaH KyiiH hkkhchhh Tenacnra KennG TypAH-Aa, 
ActaA h6h 3ypopara: 

- XyAO xaK,KH, arap ceH GnnaH 6n3HHHr ypTaMH3Aarn 
KapHHAOuiHHjiHK 6yjiMaraHHAa 3ah, 6yHH MeHAaH Tana6 KHjiMaraH 
GynapAHHr. Bn3HHHr K>pTHMH3ra ceH 6h3 x,ox,naMaraH HapcaHH 
ojih6 KenacaHMH? - acah. CatA KenaeTraHHHH KypraH nanTAa 
ActaA h6h 3ypopa MyctaGra: 

- XyAO xaK,KH, YcaHAHKHr opTHAarn y3 K,aBMHHHHr caHHHAH ceH 
tomoh KenaanTH - Ae6 ihhhihhG KynraH 3ah. Myci.a6 CatAra: 

- ABBan yTHpnG 6np auiHTMancaHMH? Arap hui ceHra MatKyn 
6ynca, K,a6yji KHjiacaH. Arap eKMaca, yHAaH y3HHrHH TopTacaH, - 
AeAH. HlyHAa CatA: 

- Hhco(J)jih ranHH anrAHHr, - AeAH-Aa, HafeacHHH epra caHHn6 
KynnG, ranra KynoK cona GomjiaAH. MyctaG h6h yMafip yHra 
HcnoMAaH rannpnG, KyptOH THjiOBaT khjihG GepAH. V xajiH 
rannpiviaH Typn6, yHHHr xaM K>3um Hcjiomhh ce3a 6oinjiaAHJiap. 
3uiHTraHH caHHH yHHHr xaM nexpacn ohhjih6, K>3JiapH epmimG 
GopapAH. 3ihhth6 Gyjiran: 

- Arap 6y AHHra KHpaAHraH GyjicaHrro HHMa KHjiacH3Jiap? - p,e6 
cypaAH y. Hkkhch yHra: 

-ABBan rycji khjihG, KHHHMjiapHHrHH noKJiaHcaH-Aa, maxoAaT 
KanHMacHHH aiiTHG, ryBoxnHK GepacaH Ba hkkh paKaaT HaM03 
yKHftcaH, - AeHHuiAH. YcanA ypmiAaH Typn6, 6opn6 K)BHHAH-Aa, 
uiax,OAaT KanHMacHHH aPnuQ, hkkh paKaaT HaM03 yKHAH. CyHr y3 
Han3acHHH ojih6, KaBMHHHHr Ma:scjiHcroxHra Hyn ojiah. yHHHr 
KenaeTraHHHH KypraH K,aBM: 



247 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- Ajuioxra KacaMKH, y KeTaerraH naiiTHAarHAaH GyTyHjiaii 
y3rapn6, 6ouiK;aHa OAaM GyjinG, CH3JiapHH ojiAHHrrora KenaanTH, - 
AeiiHuiAH. Cai>A KaBMHHHr ojiAHra iceiinG: 

- 3h BaHy A6ffyn Amxaji, MeHH y3 opaHrH3Aa khm p,e6 
6HjiacH3Jiap? - Ae6 ynapAaH cypaAH. 

- Eh3 CeHH y3 CaHHHAHMH3, (|)HKpjiaiIIAa 6H3HHHr 3Hr a(J)3ajIHMH3 

Ba 3Hr hihohhjih HaMoaHAaMH3 Ae6 6HjiaMH3, - Aea acaBoG 6epAH 
KaBM. CatA h6h Myi.03: 

- MeHra CH3JiapHHHr spicary aejuiapHHrH3 GnjiaH ranjiaiiiHiii 
x,apoMAHp, tokh Ajijiox, Ba YHHHr Pocyjinra hhmoh 
KejiTHpMaryHHHrH3raHa! - Aea MacanaHH KyHAanaHr KyiiAH. Illy 
xyHH KenKH naihra 6opn6, GnprHHa ycaiipHM AeraH KHiiiHAaH 
6ouiK;a MycyjiMOH GyjiMaraH 6npoH apicaic xaM, aen xaM KOJiMaAH. 
ycaftpHMHUHr HcnoMra khphihh Yx,yA »caHrH KyHiira Tyrpn icejiAH. 
y uiy xyHH hhmoh Kejrriipii6 acaHr kiijiah Ba my acaHrAa max,iiA 
GyjiAH. y 6npoH MapTa xaM Ajuioxra caac^a KiuiMaraHAii. 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM yHHHr xaKiiAa: 

" 032UHU omoji KfiJiuf), Kymuua aotcp ondu! " - AeraH 3AHJiap. 

MytaG h6h yMafip ActaA h6h 3yopaHHHr yiiHAa 5mia6 TypnG 
OAaMjiapHH HcnoMra AatBaT 3rapAH. 

AHCopnapAaH 6npo 6np xobjiii KOJiMaAHKii, yHAa 6np MycyjiMOH 
3pxaK e aen GyjiMaca. OaKaTriiHa BaHy yMaaa ii6h 3aiiA, XoTMa Ba 
BoHjuiapAaH 6ynraH xoBjiiuiap kojiah. yapHiiHr opaciiAa K^aHC ii6h 
AcajiT homjiii 6np moiip 6yjin6, yjiapmiHr xaMManapii uiy moiipra 
GyficyHap 3AHJiap. K^aHC ynapHii to x,n:>KpaTHiiHr 5- hhjih pyii 
GepraH X,aHAa^ BOKetanapii GyjiryHiira KaAap HcnoMAaH Tycn6 
xenAH. 

KeiiiiHrii, jtbhii HyGyBBaTHHHr 13- hhjih X,aac MaBcyMH 
KejiHuiHAaH ojiahh MyctaG hGh yMaiip Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajioxy 
ajiaiix,H Ba cajuiaMra 3a<J)ap xaKHAarii xymxa6apjiapiiHii KyTapraH 
x,ojiAa Maxxara K;airrii6 xejiAH. y Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajioxy ajiaiixii Ba 
cajuiaMra ilcpiiG K;a6iuiajiapiiAa 6yjin6 yrraH BOKetanap Ba y 
epAarn 5dcihiuiiik uia66oAajiapHHH, xarvma yHHHr Kyn-KyApaTii-io 
XiiMOJuiapii x,ai<;HAa cy3Jia6 6epAH. 

(H6h Xhihom: 1/435-38 Ba 2/90, 3oayJi MaoA:2/51). 



248 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Mkkmhhm AKa6a 6aMi»aTM 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 13- hhjih, MejioaHii 622- hhji iiioh ohh X,aac 
MaBcyMHAa X,aac iiGoAaTiiHii aap kiijiiiih ynyH ilcpn6 axJiiiHiiHr 
MycyjiMOHjiapHAaH 70 aaH opthk; kiiihii MympiiKjiap GynraH y3 
KaBMH x,oacHjiapH GnjiaH 6npra Maxxara KejmHjiap. ilcpn6 
ax,jiHHHHr MycyjiMOHjiapH y3 ropTjiapiiaa 6np GiipjiapiiaaH: 

- ToKaHrana Pocyjiyjinox cajuiaiioxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHii 
xaiiAajiiiG, Maxxa TOFjiapiiaa xaB(J)y xaTapna lopiimjiapiira KyiiiiG 
KyaMH3? - Ae6 cypamap SAiiJiap. X,aTro iiyjiAa KejiaeTiiG x,aM my 
caBOJiHH TaxpopjiaG KejmHjiap. 

Yjiap MaKKara eriiG Kejin6, Pocyjiyjinox cajuiaiioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaM 6miaH xycjjeiia 6oFjiaHiiinjiap yioiiiTiipiiiiiAii. YuiGy 
MynoKOTjiapAa x,ap iikkii tomoh TampiiK Kymiapii - KypGoH 
x,aHHTHHHHr 1-2-3- KyHjiapn- ypTaciiaa Ai<;a6a (aoboh) eHiiaarii 
AapaAa, MiiHOAa GiipiiHHii )KaMpa (mairroHra toui otiiih) 
GouiJiaHraH nairraa acaMjiaiiiiiiira KejiiimiiG ojiiiihah. Yui6a 
acaMjiaHHin TyH KopoHFyciiaa, yra Max(J)HH cypaTaa yTKa3iumn. 

Hcjiom GnjiaH 6yTnapacTjiHK ypTaciiaa k;ii3fiih xypaui KeTaerraH 
6np nairraa 6yjin6 yTraH ym6y Tapiixiiii ii>ktiimoi> BOKetaciiHii 
6ii3ra TapH(J)jia6 Gepiim ynyii aiicopjiapHiiHr eTaKHiuiapiiaaH 
Giipiira cy3 GepaiijiiiK. y Kai>6 ii6h Mojiiik 6yjin6, myiiaaii xhkoa 
KHjiaAH: 

- E113 X,a>K HGoAaTHHH aao kiijiiiih ynyii 6opn6, Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuiaiioxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM GnjiaH TauipiiK; KyHjiapn ypTaciiaa 
Aic;a6aAa yHpamiimra BatAajiaumiiK. X,aac aMajuiapiiaaH 
6yuiaraHiiMii3AaH cyHr Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiaiioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaM 
GnjiaH yHpauiiiuira BataajiamraH xena Gyjmn. B113 y3iiMH3 GnjiaH 
6npra 6ii3HiiHr 3Hr uiapa(J)jiii KiiuinjiapiiMii3AaH Ba 
caiiHiiAJiapiiMii3AaH GyjiraH )Ko6HpHHHr OTacii AGayJiJiox ii6h Amp 
ii6h X,apaMHii xaM y3iiMii3 GnjiaH Giipra ojiiiG ojiahk. K^bmhmhs 
MyuipiiKjiapiiAaH hihhmh3hh GepxiiTap 3ahk. yHii neTra TopTiiG: 

- 3ta A6y )Ko6hp, ceH 6ii3HiiHr 3Hr uiapa(J)jiii KiiuinjiapiiMii3AaH 
GyjiraH 6np HHCOHcaH. B113 ceHii y3HHr TypraH xonaTaaH HiiK;apii6, 
spTaHrii ojiob ynyH yTiiH GyjiHiHHHraaH K;yTK;apMOK;HiiMii3, - acahk. 
CyHr yHii HcnoMra aatBaT sthih GnjiaH 6npra, yHra Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaMHiiHr 6113 GnjiaH Ai<;a6aAa yHpauiiiuira 



249 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Bai>AajiaiiiraHjiapHHH airrAHK. Y Hcjiomhii KaGyji k;iijiii6, 6113 6njiaH 
6npra Ai<;a6a iiiiFiijiiiiiiiiAa inirrapoK 3tah. Ba 6ii3HiiHr 
HaMoaHAaMH3 6yjiAH. E113 uiy Kenacn y3 KyHajiFaMii3Aa yxnaAiiK. 
TyHHHHr yn^aH 6npn yTran, acTa-acTa KyHajiFaAaH cyFiipiuiiiG 
hhk;h6, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM 6njiaH 
ynpauiHuira BatAajiamiuiraH acofira iiyji ojiahk. XaTro 6npMa-6np 
Aic;a6aAarH #apara acaMjiaHAiiK. Eirejiap 73 Ha(J)ap 6yjin6, 6ii3Jiap 
6njiaH 2 Ha(J)ap aen x,aM 6op 3ah. Ynap - M0311H ii6h Haacacop 
ypyrHAaH GynraH HycafiGa Ghhth Kai>6 yMMy Yiviopa Ba BaHy 
CanaMaAaH Acmo Ghhth Amp YMMy MaHHtnap sah. Bh3 my 
AapaAa acaMjiaHnG Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy anaibcH Ba cajuiaMHH 
KejiHiujiapHHH KyTn6 TypAHK. y khuih GnnaH 6npra aMaiaijiapH 
A66oc h6h AGAyJiMyrrojiHG x,aM KejmH. JleKHH y y3 >KH5iHHHHHr 
hihhhh KypMO^HH Ba hihohh x,ochji k;hjimok;hh 6yjin6 KenraH SJXft. 
3Hr Ghphhhh GyjinG cy3 cy3JiaraH x,aM yHiiHHr y3ii 6yjmH. 

(H6hX,hhiom: 1/440). 

Cy3JiaujyBHMHr 6oujJiaHMUJM Ba A66ocHMHr Macbyni/mT 
>KMflflMMJiMrnra 6epraH iuapx,M 

MaaoiHC ax,Jin MyxaMMaji TyruiaHiiG Gyjiran, ahhiih x,aM#a 
acxapHH (xapGiiii) htth(J)ok;hhjihk Ty3iim ynyH cyx,6aTjiap 
GouiJiaHAH. 3Hr GiipiiHHii 6yjin6 Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy ajiaiix,ii Ba 
cajuiaMHHr aMaioijiapii A66oc ii6h AGAyJiMyrrojiiiG cy3 6ouuia6, 
yui6y iittii(J)ok; uiapTHOMacii Tycjjaiijiii yjiapHimr ejixajiapiira 
K)KjiaHaAiiraH MaciyjiiraTHiiHr yra jkiiaaiih Ba ynxaH SKaHjiiiriiHii 
uiapx,jia6, acyMjiaAaH uiyHAaii mmi: 

-3h Xa3paac ax,jin (apaGnap aHcopnapHiiHr Abc Ba Xa3paaciiHii 
xap HKKiiciiAaH GyjiraHjiapiiHii Xa3paac p,e6 aTauiap 3Aiijiap), 
Myx,aMMaA ajiaiix,iiccajiOMHii 6113H11 opaMii3Aa KaHHaniiK MapTa6acn 
Gopjiiirii cii3Jiapra MatnyM. Bh3 y3 K;aBMiiMii3AaH yHiiHr xaKima 
x,aM(J)iiKp 6ynraH KiiuinjiapiiMii3 6njiaH 6npra yHii x,iiMoa k;iijiii6 
xejiAiiK. y y3 KaBMii opaciiAa, y3 iopTiiAa ii33aT Ba xHM05maAiip. 
yHiiHr y3ii cii3Jiapra KymiijiiiG, cii3Jiap 6njiaH 6npra GyjiMOKHii 
HCTaAii. Arap cii3Jiap yHii AatBaT 3TaerraH HapcaHrii3ra Ba(J)0 
Kiijiiiuira Ba yHii AymMaHjiapAaH xhmoa Kiuiiiuira Ky3iiHrii3 eTca, 6y 
iiiHHii 3iiMMaHrii3ra oniiHr! Arap y 6y ep^aH hiiktiG, cii3Jiapra 
Gopran, yHii epAaMCH3 KyiiiiG, AyuiMaHjiapiira TonmiipiiG KyjmHraH 



250 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6yncaHrH3, x,03npAaH 6oinjia6 ytni Tex KyifflHrjiap. Hymen y y3 

ropTHAa y3 KaBMHAaH X,HM03AaAHp. 

Bh3 yHra: - CeH aihraH raruiapuHrHH sihhtahk, shah ch3 
rannpHHr 3h PocyjiamioxJ Y3HHrH3 Ba Po66HHrH3 ynyH HHMaHH 
HCTacaHrH3 cuiHHr! ,H,e6 aHTAHK, achah Kat6. 

(H6hXhihom: 1/441 -42). 
YuiGy acaBoG - 6y 6yK)K MacyjiHjrr Ba yHHHr xaTapnn 
OKHGaTjiapHHH y3 3HMMajiapHra ojiniiiAarH ynapAa 6ynraH 
caMHMHH a3MH Kapop, HIHOHHJIH uiHacoaT Ba MyaMMan Hxnocra 
AanonaT KHjiapAH. YHAaH cyHr Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaM y3 6aeHjiapHHH KHjiAHjiap. IHyHAaH cyHr 6aifr>aT 

HHTHX,OCHra eTAH. 

BaMtaT 6aHflnapn 

Hmom Ax,MaAHHHr )Ko6hp po3H5uijioxy aHxyAaH KHjiHHraH 
pHBoaTAay: 

- 3h Pocyjiajinox,, 6h3 crora HHMara GnHoaH GafitaT 6epaMH3? 
AeAHK- AeiiAH. Pocynyjijiox, camiajioxy ajiafixH Ba canjiaM AeAHJiap: 

<^jl amI ^a plAah V t aJiI yi I>«jSj <|)i ^^c j ijSUI £c t^J^lj uajjxAj j^Sfl 
j »<■ '■»*) AJ^> (jjxJAJ Uu> -Jjxl a j j . ,»%JI CiaJ£ iJl ,Jjj»i^Jj <ji ,Jc j . aft? 

- "X,oxjiazaH ea xpxjiaMazan noznapumda x,(im xynoK, conud, 
umoam KfiJiMOKjiapuHZ, emujuiuK ea kjiuuhhujiuk naumda xjaM 
UMpoK, Kfinuuiza, nxuiujiwiKKa 6ywpu6, eMOHHUKdau 
qaumapuiuea, Ajijio^huhc uynuda k,oum mypMOKjiapum ea 
AjiJiox,Hum uynuda McuioMcimmiHiim MdJioMamu cu3Jiapuu 
myxmamud KyuMacnuzuza, Men cmnapHum xy3ypumu3za 
6opeaHUMdciH cym, Mema epdaM KfiiiMOKjiuKiiapuHzza ea Menu y3 
MCOHJiapmu3HU, 2tcy(prwiapumu3HU ea (pap3aHdnapumu3HU 
HUMadan, lyindaii xfiMon KfiiicajiapuHZ Menu x,aM tuyndau xjimor 
KfiiiMOKjiapumza uypa dauitam Kfinacu3nap. Ba cu3/iapea 
otcaHuam 6yjiadu, " — AeAHJiap. 

(H6h A*Ma#:3/322, EaH>^aK;HH"CyHaH": 9/9). 

H6h Hcxok; pHBOflTHAa: 

. AJa! ja^\ £j\Z ifi 

-"Hiuhu y3 axjiJiapudaH mwiauiMacjiueiiMii3ea",- acyMjiacH 
3HeAa k;hjih6 KenTHpHjiraH. 



251 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

(H6hHc*ok: 1/454). 
H6h HcxpKHHHr Kai>6 po3HHjuiox,y aHxyAaH KHjiraH puBOflTHAa 
Ma3Kyp 6aHAJiapAaH (J)aK;aT oxuprncn KejiTHpujiraH. YHAa Kat6: 

- Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM cy3 ojihG, KyptOH 
THjiOBaT KHjiAHjiap, Ajinoxra AatBaT 3th6, HcnoMra 
parGaTjiaHTHpAHjiap-Aa, cyHr: 

- "Me« cu3Jiapdau: Menu y>3 aejuiapumuj ea 
(pap3(iHdjiapumu3HU HUMadau, i^andail xjimor KfincojiapuHZ Menu 
x,aM uiyndau xjimor KfinMOKjiapuHzza Kypa dauitam ojiomohI - 

AeAHjiap. Bappo h6h Matpyp KyjuiapnAaH yuijia6: 

- Xa, ch3hh x,ai<; 6miaH K)6opraH 3oTra K,acaMKH, 6h3 ch3hh y3 

H0MyCJiapHMH3HH XHM05I KHjiraH HapCaAaH XHM05I KHJiaMH3! 3h 

Pocyjiajinox,, cirera GafitaT GepAHK. XyAO xaK,KH, 6h3 ypyui 
(J)ap3aHAJiapH GynraH 6np acaHrapn xajiKMH3. Eh3 6yHH ora- 
6o6ojuiapHMH3AaH Mepoc ojiraHMH3 - p,ep,u. Bappo Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuiajioxy anaftxH Ba camiaM 6miaH cy3JiauiH6 TypraH nairrAa, 
A6y XaficaM h6h TaiixpH ran cyKiiG: 

- 3h Pocyjiajinox,, 6h3 6miaH 6ai>3H KHmnjiap jtbhh 
ax,yAHHjiapHHHr ypTacH^a anoK;ajiapHMH3 MaBacyA. Bh3 ynapHH 
y3aMH3. BopAH-K) Ajijiox, CH3ra fojihG GyjiHiiiHH Hacn6 KHjica, 
6H3JiapHH Tapx 3th6, y3 K;aBMHHrH3ra K,aHTacn3MH? - acah. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy ajiaftxH Ba camiaM TaGaccyM KHjiAHjiap-Aa: 

- "Eojiku Kpnza KflH, oKonza mcoh. Men cu3JiapdaH 6ynu6, 
cu3Jiap Mendan 6ynacu3. Ypyuizan Kuuiujiapum 6ujiuh 
ypyiuaMaH, Kejiuiuean Kiiiuiviapum 6ujiuh KejiuiuaMan! " - 

AeAHjiap. 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/442). 

EatifeaTHi/iHr yw\j\py\v\ 3KaHJinrnHM TatKHAnauj 

BafitaT uiapTjiapH xaKHAarn cyx6aT Tyra6, axA-JiamyB Gomjiamra 
KejiHuiHjiraH, Hy6yBBaTHHHr 11-12- HHjinapH Xa:sc MaBcyMHAa 
MycyjiMOH 6ynraH aBBajirn rypyxAaH 2 khihh Typn6, GnpHH-KeTHH 

MaCtyjIHaTHHHr aCHAAHHJIHrHHH Tai.KHA.Jia6, MaCtyjIHflTHH 

aHraaraH x,onAa, GafitaT GepMOiqiHKnapHHH KaBMra TyuiyHTHpAH Ba 
KaBMHHHr KypGoHjiHK ynyH KaHHanHK Tafiep 3KaHjiHKjiapHHH 



252 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Giijiiiih, xaMAa 6yHra iiihohh xociiji kiijiiiih ynyH HyTK; cy3JiaAH. 
H6h Hcxok piiBOflTiira icypa: 

XaMManapii 6np Kapopra KejiiimraH, A66oc ii6h Y66oAa ii6h 
Ha3Jia: 

- By Kiimiira HiiMa ynyH GafitaT K;iijiaeTraHjiapiiHrii3Hii 
6njiacii3JiapMii? - Aea caBon TamjiaAH. Ynap TeHrAaHiira: 

-Xa, - Ae6 acaBoG 6epniiiAH. A66oc: 
- Cirenap 6y Kiimiira K;ii3iuiy K;opa TaHjiii OAaMjiap 6njiaH acaHr 
Kiijiiiih ynyH GafitaT 6epaancH3Jiap! Arap Mony acoHjiapiiHrirera 
Tajio(J)aT eriiG, yjiyFjiapiiHrire KaTji 3-TiijiryAeic 6ynca Ba 6y kiiihiihii 
xhmoa KHjionMacjiHKKa Ky3iiHrii3 eTca, x,03HpAaHOK; Tex KyHHHrnap. 
Arap uiyHAafi KiijicaHrire XyAO xaKKH, 6y - Ayne Ba oxiipaT 
pacBOJiiiriiAiip. Arap 6y khuihhh y3 K>pTjiapiiHrii3ra naKHpran, 
Mony acoHjiapiiHrirera Tajio(J)aT eTn6, yjiyFjiapiiHrire KaTji 3TiunyAeK 
Gyjica xaM, axAJiapHHrirera Ba(J)0 Kiuiiimra Ky3iiHrii3 eTca, GantaT 
KHjiHHrnap. XyAO xaKKH, 6y - Ayne Ba oxnpaT axmiuiiiriiAiip, - 
AeAH. Yjiap: 

- Bh3 Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajinaMHH Many 
acoHjiapHMH3 Ba yjiyFjiapHMH3 Tajio(J)aTHHH aHrnaraH xpjma ojih6 
KeTaanMH3. Arap 6h3 GynapHiiHr Gapnaciira Ba(J)0 Kiuicaic, GyHiiHr 
3Ba3nra 6n3ra HHMa GynaAH 3h Pocyjiajuiox? - p,e6 cypauiAH. 
IlaHFaMGap anaiixHccajiOM: 

- " jKciHHam! '" - Ae6 acaBoG 6epAHjiap. Ynap: 

- K^yjiHHrH3HH y3aTHHr! - AeiiiiiiiAii. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuianoxy 
ajiaiixH Ba camiaM KyjuiapiiHii y3aTAHjiap. OAaMjiap GantaT Kiina 

GouiJiaAHJiap. (H6h X,hiiiom: 1/446). 

)Ko6iipAaH KHjiHHraH piiBOflTAa y uiyHAan achah: 

- Bh3 GantaT Kiina GouuiaAHK. EairbaTHiuiapHiiHr 3Hr KiiHiirii 
6ynraH ActaA h6h 3ypopa Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr KyjuiapiiHii yuijiaG: - HIoiiiHJiMaHr sii ilcpn6 ax,jin, 
6n3 6yHra TyanapHiiHr aciirapjiapiiHii cap(J) STMaAHR. JlexiiH 6113 
yHiiHr Ajuiox,HiiHr sjihiicii 3KaHiiHii, yHii HiiK;apii6 loGopiim 
apaGjiapHiiHr xaMMacii ynyH iiyKOTiiiii 3icaHiiHii 6njiaMii3. Cii3HiiHr 
axuinjiapiiHrii3Hii K;aTji stiijiiiihii Ba cii3Jiapra KiuiiiHjiap Teriiuiii, 
GyjiapHiiHr Gapnanapiira ca6p Kiina 0JicaHrii3 yHii ojiiiG KeTiiHrnap. 



253 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Aacp-MyK0(J)0TjiapHHrH3 AjijioxHiuir 3iiMMaciiAaAiip. Ammo cii3 y3 
5KOHjiapHHrH3AaH K;ypK;caHrH3, y kiiuiiihii Tex KyiiiiHrjiap, 6y cirejiap 
ynyH AjijioxHiuir xy3ypiiAa y3pjinpoK GyjiaAii, - p,ep,u. 

(Hmom A^Ma^: 3/322, BaiixaKHH "CyHaHH Ky6po": 9/9). 

EaPifeaTHiiHr 6epminiiJM 

afitaTHMHr GaHAJiapiira iiicpop 6yjniHii6, TatKiiAJiam Ba 
TatKHAJiaHHuinap Tyraran, Kyji 6epn6 6airt>aT kiijiiiui 6ouiJiaHAii. 
)Ko6iip po3ii5ijijioxy aiixy Act>aAHiiiir raniiiui xhkoa k;iijiii6 Gyjiran: 

- Yjiap: - 3h ActaA h6h 3ypopa, 6ii3JiapAaH KyjiiiHriui topt! 
Ajuioxra KacaMKii, 6113 6y GafitaTHH KyiiMaiiMii3 x,aM, 
KeHHKTHpMaHMH3 xaM,- AeiiiifflAii, - acah. IIIyHAa ActaA 6y 
OAaMjiapHHHr 6y iiyjiAa KypGomiiiK ynyii KaHnanap Tafiep 
3KaHjiHKjiapHHH TymymiG, iiuiohh xociiji kiijiah. Ach&R ii6h 3ypopa 
Ba Myct>a6 ii6h yMaiipjiap my GairfcaTHiuir 6om acocHiuiapii 
SAiijiap. ActaA h6h 3ypopa MaHa my GafitaTra aBBan 
HHTHjiraHjiapAaH 3 ah. H6h HcxoKHHHr airrHuiHHa: 

BaHy HaacacopjiHKjiapAaH 3Hr 6hphhhh GyjinG Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba caiuiaMra Kyji GepraH ActaA h6h 3ypopa 
6ynraH. YHAaH kchhh OMMaBHH GafitaT 6epmn GomjiaffiiG xeTraH. 
JKoGnp po3ii5ijijioxy atccy: 

- E113 6npMa 6np Typn6, Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba 
cannaMra GautaT GepAiuc. y kiiuiii 6ii3ra GyHiuir 3Ba3iira acamiaT 
BatAa KHnap SAHJiap, - acah. 

(MycHa/iH A^Ma/j: 3/322). 
Ammo iikkii aen KiiuiiiHiiHr GaiitaTjiapii OF3aicii 6yjiraH 6yjin6, 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba caiuiaM GeroHa aenra acno Kyji 
GepraH SMacnap, - p,ep,u. 

(Ca^H^H MycnHM: 2/131). 

Yh likki/i HaMO^Hfla 

BaHtaTjiauiyB MapociiMii Tyraran, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy 
ajiaiix,ii Ba camiaM yjiapAaH 12 khuihhh pax,6ap k;hjih6 
TaHjiauiJiapHHH TanaG KiuiAiijiap. yjiapHHHr x,ap 6npn y3 KaBMiiHiiHr 
HaMoaHAacH x,aM GyjiaAii Ba uiy 6njiaH 6npra Ma3Kyp GaiitaT 
GaHAJiapHHH acopiiii KiijuiuiAa y3 KaBMjiapii HOMiiAaH Mactyjuunra 
Kaolin GyjiaAii. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba camiaM yjiapra: 

- "K,aeMdazu uuinapda yjiapea 6om 6ynuui ynyu y>3 opammdau 
12 KuiuuHU Mema mawiad HUK/cnumnap!" - AeflHjiap. yjiap 



254 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Aapxpn 12 khihhhh TaHjiamuG caHjiaAHJiap. YjiapHMHr TyK;K;H3TacH 
Xa3pa5K,ziaH Ba yn Hacjjapn Abc KaGmiacnAaH TaHHHjiaHAajiap. 
J^yiiHAa Ma3Kyp K;aBM HaMOJiHAajiapn HCMjiapuHH KenTHpaMH3. 
XA3PA5K HAMOJIHAAJIAPH: 

1- ActaA h6h 3ypopa h6h Aahc. 

2- CatA h6h PoGhhi. h6h AMp. 

3- AGAyjmox, h6h PaBoxa h6h CatnaGa. 

4- Po(J)yi. h6h Mojihk h6h Ajkjioh. 

5- Bappo h6h Matpyp h6h Coxp. 

6- A6AyJiJiox, h6h Amp h6h XapoM. 

7- Y66oAa h6h Comht h6h K^afic. 

8- CatA h6h Y66oAa h6h ,ZI,yjiaHM. 

9- MyH3Hp h6h Amp h6h XyHafic. 

ABC HAMOHHAAJIAPH: 

10- YcaHA h6h X,y3afip h6h Chmok. 

11- CatA h6h XaficaMa h6h Xppuc. 

12- Py(J)oi.a h6h AGAyJiMyronp. 

BouiK;a pHBoaTjiapAa AGAyjiMyroup h6h 3y6afip xaM aHTHjiraH. 
Eai.3H.jiap Py(J)oi.aHHHr ypHiira A6yn XaficaM h6h TaHxpHHH 
aHTHinraH. YuiGy HaMOJiHAajiap aacpannG HH^HuiraH, Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajuiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM ynapAaH Mactyji pancjiap CH(J)aTHAa 
6ouiK;a axAHOMa anAHJiap. Ynapra Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anaiixH 
Ba canjiaM: 
Js> <Jj!>US Ul j i pijA (2jj! (^uijjlI ^jjjIjsJI f !5liSS *!>US jj^i Uj ^jS ^ic ajJ! 

-"Gi3Jiap y>3 K,a6MUH2U3dazu utu/iapea KMpundypcm, xyddu 
X,aeopuujiapHum Hilco u6h MapuMza dynzan Ktupwmuzu ku6u. 
Men 3ca y>3 i^aeMUMza KMpujiMau!" - AeAHJiap, jtbhh 
MycyjiMOHjiapHH Ha3apAa TyTAHjiap. 

- Xyn GyjiaAH! - achhuiah ynap. 

LilaPiTOH ax^naujyBHM cJjoui twnapyt 

AxAJiamyB Tyra6, K;aBM TapKanHinra ihoiuhjihG TypraH 6np 
naiiTAa uiaHTOHjiapAaH 6npn GynapHH (J)oui khjiah. By (J)oui khjihih 
oxuprn nax,3ajiapAa pyg GepraHAH. J^ypaHin paxGapnapura 6y 
xaGapHHHr cupjin cypaTAa eruG GopniiiH, AapaAa HHFHjiraHjiapra 



255 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ?j3±*3l dfe±j]l 

TycaTAaH ynap AapaAajimc naiiTAa 6octhph6 Kenum MyMKHH 
GyjiMaiiAHraH mnjxwp. Yuia maHTOH TenanHK acofira hhk;h6, xen 
3uiHTHjiMaraH 6anaHA OB03Aa: 

- Xy-y )Ka6o:>KH6 ax,juiapH (jitHH KyHajiFaAarnnap) My3aMMaM Ba 
yHHHr AHHAaH KaihraH cyGoTjiapnAaH xaGapnapuHr 6opMH? Ynap 
CH3Jiapra KapiiiH »caHr khjihih ynyH acaMjiaHuG GyjiumflH, - p,en 
GaKHpAH. Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM: 

. dl CfiJiH AJll jJC b AJllj La! i 4j2x!| <_jj| Ik 

- "Ey - Ai^adauu (pom KfinyeHucudup. Awioxpa lyicoMKii, ceu 
ynyu 6up eaufti awcpamaMan 3ii Ajijio^huhc dyuiMimu!" - 

AeAHJiap. CyHr xap khm y3 acoHura Te3 TapKajiHiiiHHH GyiopAHJiap. 
AHCopnapHMHr KypaPuu6miaH hoht KHJiMiura Tauepjiuni 

By uiaHTOHHHHr obo3h auiHTHjiran, A66oc h6h YGGo^a h6h 
Ha3Jia: 

- Ch3hh x,ai<; 6miaH K)6opraH 3oTra KacaMKH, ch3 xpx,JiacaHrH3 
6H3Jiap spTara Mhho ax,jiH ycTHra K;HjiHHjiapHMH3 6miaH xaivuia 
KHjiaMH3! - AeAH. Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM: 

- "Eii3 6yma 6ywpujiM(izaHMU3. Jleuun cu3Jiap y3 
KyHcmzcmapumza lyiiimiimiiap!" - AeAHJiap. Ynap y3 acoHjiapura 
KaHTHuiHG, TOHr OTryHna yxna6 asm onAHJiap. 

(H6hX,hhiom: 1/448). 

KypaMiiJHMHr flcpw6 pancjiapnra Aa/ii/m TaKflMM amiim 

YuiGy xa6ap KypaHiHjiHKjiap KynoiqiapHra eraG Gopran, 
opanapHAa moB-myB GomjiaHuG, ynapHH raM-TauiBHui Ba 
6e30BTanHK K;aMpa6 ojiah. Hymen ynap GyHAafi GairbaTHHHr 
OKHGaTH Ba y3JiapHHHHr Mony acoHjiapura HHc6aTaH GyjiaAHraH 
HaTHacacHHH 6miap 3AHJiap. ToHr othihh 6miaH Maxxa paxGapnapn 
Ba ynapHHHr 6y3FyHHHjiapHAaH GynraH Karra 6np rypyxn ym6y 
ax,A-nauiyBra KapiiiH y3 AajiHji-x,yaoKaTjiapHHH TaKAHM 3thih ynyH 
ilcpnGjiHRjiap xy3ypnra Tamping 6yiopAHJiap. ilcpnGjiHioiap 
xy3ypnra 6opraH sjinnnap: 

-3h Xa3paac ax,jiH, 6n3ra xa6ap eraG xenAHKH, cirejiap 6n3HHHr 
coxh6hmh3hh opaMH3AaH HH^apuG, ojih6 kctmokhh GynuG, xaTro 
6n3ra KapuiH acaHr khjihui ynyH y 6miaH ax,A-nauiH6 x,aM 
0JiH6cH3Jiap. XyAO x,ai<;K;H, apa6napAaH 6npoH 6np K;aBM ynyH ch3 



256 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6miaH 6n3HHHr ypTaMH3Aa ypym HH^HuiHAaH eMOHpoK HapcaHHHr 
y3H HyX - AeAHJiap. (H6h X,hiiiom: 1/448). 

Xa3paac MyuipHKjiapH 6y GafitaTAaH MyrjiaKO 6exa6ap SAHJiap. 

HyHKH 6y xpAHca yra Max(J)HH cypaT^a GynnG yrraHAH. HlyHHHr 

ynyH xaM 6y MympHKjiap oht hhh6: 

- Xen KaHAafi 6yHai<;a GafitaT 6yjiraHH HyX 6h3 GyH^aH MyTjiaKO 
6exa6apMH3,- achhuiah. JsypaHinjiHKjiap AGAyjmox, h6h YGafi h6h 
CanyjiHHHr ojiAHra KejiAHJiap. Y: 

- Bexop ran, GyHAafi Hapca GyjiMaraH. MemiHr K;aBMHM MeHCH3 
GyHAafi huihh KHjiMafiAH. Arap MeH ilcpnGAa GyjiraHHMAa xaM, 
k^bmhm MeH^aH GeMacnaxaT 6y huihh ^HjiMaraH Gyjiap 3ah, - acah. 
Ammo MycyjiMOHjiap Gnp-GnpnapHra K;apa6 ojihihhG, 6npoH khihh 
xaM Ha HHKop, Ha hc6ot KHjiMan, cyicyTHH a(J)3aji GnjiAHjiap. 

- JsypaHin pancjiapn MympHKjiapHH TacAHK k;hjih6, HoyMHA 
GyjinG KairraG KeTAHjiap. 

KypaMiijjiMKJiap opaciifla xa6apHMHr TatKHfljiaHMUJH Ba 

6aM~baTHMJiapHii Tai»Kn6 khjimhmujm 
Jsypanui KaGnjiacn paxGapnapn 6y xa6apHHHr ejiFOH SKaHjiHrnra 
HinoHraHAaH GyjinG KairraG KeTAHjiap. JleKHH ynap 6y xaGapHH 
nyicyp ypraHHuiAa AaBOM 3TAHnap. XaTro xaGapHHHr AapxaKHKaT 
pocT SKaHjiHrHHH Ba GantaT GynnG yrraHH xaK sicaHH amiigiaHAH. 
By nafiTAa x,oacHjiap ajuiaKanoH y3 BaTaHjiapn capn nyji 
ojiraHAHjiap. P^ypaiim OTjiiiKJiapii ilcpiiGjiiiK x,oacHjiap KapBOHii 
opTHAaH ot HOirrapAiuiap. JleKHH BaKT Ken 6ynraH sah. Ammo ynap 
ilcpnGnHKnapAaH CatA h6h YGGoAa Ba MyH3np iiGh Amphii 
icypiiiiira MyBa(J)(J)aK; GyniiG, ynapHH KeTiiAaH ot KyHAiuiap. Myroiip 
ynapHH AOFAa KyiiiiG, kohiiG KyranAH. JleKHH ynap CatA h6h 
Y66oAara eTn6 ojih6, yHHHr Kyji oeigiapiiHii y3 ynoBHHHHr 
apKOHJiapH GnnaH GorjiaG ypa GouijiaAHjiap. Yhh conjiapiiAaH 
topth6, cyApamiiG, Maxxara KairrapiiG ojiiiG xejiAHJiap. Ynap CatA 
iiGh YGGoAaHH KajrraKjiamaeTraH naiiTAa MyTtiiM iiGh Aahh 6iuiaH 
Xppiic h6h Xap6 ii6h yMaira xejiiiG, ynapHHHr KyjuiapiiAaH CatflHH 
KyTK;apii6 ojiAHJiap. Hymen CatA ynapHH MaAHHaAaH yTaAHraH 
THacopaT KapBOHnapHHH y3 x,HMoacnra onap sah. CatA h6h 
YGGoAaHH HyicojinG KOJirainiHii 6iuiraH aHCop MycyjiMOHjiap yHHHr 
ynyH opTra K;airni6 Kejinmra Macjiax,aT KHjiAHjiap. ynapHHHr 



257 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Macnax,aTH iihiiihG, 6np Kapopra kcjihihhG TypraH nairrjiapHAa, 
GnpAaH CatAHHHr y3H KennG kojiah. JsaBMHHHr xaMManapn cof 
canoMaT MaAHHara cthG xejiAHJiap. (H6h ^hihom: 1/448-50). 

By hkkhhhh "AJ^ABA EAHBATH" GyjiraH sah. By GafitaT 
Hcjiom TapHXH^a "KaTra Ai<;a6a GaHtaTH" Ae6 hom onraH. YuiGy 
GafitaT AycTjiHK, Myxa66aT, Typjra K;aBM BaiaijijiapH 6yjiraH TapKOK 
MyMHHjiap ypTacHAarn xaMicopjiHK, y3apo hihohh, uiHacoaT Ba 6y 
Hyji^arH c[)haohhjihk XHC-TyiiFyjiapHra Tyjia GyjiraH KyTapHHKHjiHK 
pyxHAa 6yjin6 yTAH. ilcpnG ax,jiHAaH 6yjiraH MyMHH khihh 
MaKKKaAarn 6enopa, 3anc[) GnpoAapHra paxMH kcjih6, yHra 3yjiM 
KHjiraH 30JiHMAaH Ha(J)paTjiaHH6, AjuioxHHHr iiyjiHAarH GnpoAapHra 
KajiGHHHHr Ty6-Ty6HAaH TyjiKHHjiaHap sah. 

By iiiytyp, 6y TyjiKHHjiaHHiii KyHjiap yTHiiiH GnnaH 3aBOJi TonnG 
KeTaAHraH yTKHHHH x,HC-TyiiFyjiap 3Mac, 6ajiKH yHHHr acn 
MaH6ai.H, capnauiMacH Ajuioxra, YHHHr Pocynnra Ba yHHHr 
KHToGnra GyjiraH hhmoh sah. By hhmoh 3yjiMy aAOBaT KynjiapHAaH 
GyjiraH xap KaHAaii KyApaT ojiAHAa 3aBOJi Tonn6 KeTMaiiAHraH 
hhmoh GyjinG, yHHHr uia66oAacH acraHHAa a^n^a Ba aMajiAa yHHHr 
aaconnG acapnapn 30x,np GyjiaAHraH hhmoh GyjinG, yHHHr 
ca6a6nAaH MycyjiMOHjiap onaM Tapnxn 3ap Bapaigiapnra 6np K;aHHa 
aMajuiapHH 6hth6, yTMHiiiy x,03HpAa xaM yHHHr acapnapn 30x,np 
6yjin6 TypnGAH. Ynap KenaacaKAa xaM mhcjich3 6yjin6 KOJiaAH. 
Xn>KpaTHMHr mjik HaMoaHflajiapii 

Hkkhhhh "AK;a6a GairbaTH 1 ' y3 HHxpacHra eTran, Hcjiom Ky(J)py 
acaxpjiaT MaB»c ypn6 TypraH naiiTAa caxpo ypTacHAa y3Hra BaTaH 
Kypniiira MyBa(J)(J)aK; 6yjiAH. By Hcjiom AatBaTH 6omjiaHraHAaH 
6epn spniuHjiraH MyxHM KnyK sah. Pocynyjuiox, cajuianoxy anaiixH 
Ba cajuiaM MycyjiMOHjiapHH MaHa my BaTaHra x,H»cpaT KHJiHiiira 
GyiopAHjiap. 

X,H>icpaT AeraHAa - MaH(J)aaTjiapAaH bo3 kchhui, Mon-AyHeHH 
Kyp6oH khjihui, (J)aK;aTrHHa jkohhh y3HHH KyTicapHiii, y3HH xap xhji 
6ock;hh, TanoBjiapra HHinoHjiHrHHH aHraaui, iiyjiHHHr 6ouiHAa exn 
cth6 6opraH HOFAa xaM xanoic Gyjinui MyMKHHjiHrHHH, y3HHHHr 
HoaHHK; KenaacaK capn GopaerraHHHH aHraaui Ba neKKaH 
MauiaKKaTjiapH, FaM-TauiBHuuiapHAaH HHMa HaTHaca hhk;huihhh 
GnjiMaii Typn6, BaTaHAaH hhk;hui, AeraH MatHO aHrjiaHHjiaAH. 



258 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MycyjiMOHjiap Ma3Kyp Hapcanapmi 6nna Typn6, OHrnn paBHiiina 
x,H»cpaT KHjia GouijiaAHjiap. MympHicnap ynapHH HHKapMacnHKica 
6op HMKOHHaTjiapHHH nmra cona 6omnanHnap. HyHKH ynap GyHnaH 
KenaAHraH xaB(J)y xaTapHH xhc KHnnmap 3AHJiap. KyHHna MaHa uiy 
ypHHHuinapAaH 6at>3HnapHHH KenrnpnG yraMH3. 

1. ABY CAJIAMA nacraa6KH Myxo^npnapnaH 6ynn6, y Karra 
"AK;a6a 6aHi>aTH"naH 1 hhji ojiahh xothhh Ba yran 6nnaH 6npra 
x,H»cpaT KHjiHinra TaHepnaHnH. HhkhG k6tmok;hh 6ynn6 TypraH 
nairrna, yHra xothhhhhhf ypyrnapn: 

- CeH y3HHr 6n3naH fojihG 6ynn6, hhk;h6 KeTMOKHHMHcaH, neKHH 
MaHa 6y 6n3HHHr CHHrnHMH3 xaKTina HHMa nencaH? HHMa ynyH 
3hah 6h3, ceHHHr y GnnaH 6npra maxapnapna Ke3n6, AaHnnG 
lopHuiHHrra fiyji Ky5iMH3 3KaH?! -ne6, yHnaH xothhhhh TopraG 
onAHJiap. A6y CanaMaHHHr K;aBMH y3 KHiiiHnapH ynyH xaMHjrra 
Ky3Fa6 Fa3a6jiaHHuiAH Ba: 

- Bh3 y3 (J)ap3aHAHMH3(o/iaMHMH3HHHr yFJin)HH y aen 6nnaH Gnpra 

KOJIAHpMaHMH3. CH3 6H3HHHr 6npOAapHMH3AaH yHHHr XOTHHHHH 
TOpTH6 OJIAHHFH3, 3HAH 6h3 6ojiaHH CH3naH TOpTH6 OJiaMH3,- 

AChhuihG, rynaKHH aejiHHHr KynnnaH topth6 ojih6 kcthuiah. A6y 
CanaMa enrro y3H ManHHara paBOHa Gynnn. 

3pn kcth6, xaM yrnHnaH aacpannG KOJiraH YMMy CanaMa xap 
xyHH 3pTajia6 canxoHUHKica hhk;h6, to Kenrana HHFjiaG yTHpanHraH 
6ynn6 kojiah. Illy aji(J)03Aa 6np HHjina Baicr yTAH. 
K^apHHAOinjiapHAaH GnpHHHHr yHra paxMH KennG: 

- By GenopaHH KyiinG K)6opMaHCH3JiapMH? Yhh y3 spn Ba 
GonacunaH aHupraHnapuHr eTMaHnHMH? - p,ep,u. Illy H^ay nap: 

- X,ox,jiacaHr apuHrHH onnHra KeTaBep! - aeHHmaH. YMMy 
CanaMa apuHHHr ypyrnapunaH GonacuHH ^anTapnG GepumnapHHH 
cypaAH. Ynap GonaHH ^anTapnG GepHiiinH. YMMy CanaMa tof 
nyicKHjiapH-K), xanoicaT BOAHHnapunaH yraG GopunaAHraH 500 
km.jihk ca(J)ap opTHnarH MaAHHaHH Ky3na6 fiyjira hhk;ah. By 
ca(J)apAa yHra xaMpox, GynaAHraH 6npoH AnnoxHHHr GaHAacn fiyK; 
3AH. YMMy CanaMa Tyjicura mhhh6, "TatrbHM" HOMnn acofira eraG 
GopraHnna, yHra Ycmoh h6h Tanxa h6h A6y Tanxa HynnKnG 
KonnH. YMMy CanaMaHH TaHn6, yHHHr axBonHHH TyuiyHraH Ycmoh, 



259 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

yHH to MaAHHarana Ky3aTii6 KyfiflH. MaAHHara eraG Gopran, Ky6o 
Tapa<J)ra K,apa6 iimopa KHjiAii-Aa: 

- 3pHHr MaHa my KiimjiOKAa, AjinoxHiiHr 6apaKOTii 6njiaH yiniHr 
onAHra KiipiiG 6op! - AeAH-Aa, y3n Maxxara K,afiTii6 rctaii. 

(H6h Xhhiom: 1/468-70). 

2. CY^AHB HBH CHHOH PYMHH - Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajioxy 
anafixH Ba camiaMAaH KefiiiH x,n:scpaT KiuiraH. y x,H»cpaT khjiiiG, 
HiiKHinra x,03iipjiaHii6 TypraH nafiTAa Kcxjmpjiap yHra: 

- BH3HHHr K>pTHMH3ra xaKiip, KauiuiOK; xpniiHrAa xenraH sjxvmv. 
By epAa MOJiiiHr Kynafin6, my Aapaacara eTAHHr. 3hah xaM Mony, 
x,aM acoHHHrHH ojiiiG KeTMOKHiiMiicaH? Ajinoxra KacaMKii, 6yHAafi 
GyjiMaiiAH! - AefiiiniAii. IIIyHAa Cyxafi6 ynapra: 

- MeHra airriiHrjiapHii, arap Mony AyHeJiapiiMHii cienapra 
KOJiAHpcaM, MeHHHr fiyjniMHii TycMaHCH3JiapMH? - AeAH. CyxafiG 
Mony AyHenapHHH ynapra K,ojiAiipn6, fiyniiAa AaBOM 3tah. By xa6ap 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy anafixH Ba camiaMra eraG Gopran, y khihh: 

- "Cyx;au6 wmdu, Cyx,aii6 ipouda Kjujidu" - AeAiuiap. 

(H6h Xhihom: 1/477). 

3. YMAP HBH ^ATTOB, AHEIH HBH POEHHBA BA 
^HIHOM HBH OC HBH BOHJIJIAP - ^H>KpaT khjimokhii 
6yjin6, TaH03y6 homjiii acofiAarii 6np TeajniK yeriiAa ynpamiiG, 
cyHr yuia epAa TOHr OTTiipiiG, spTa TOHrAa MaAHHara fiyn ojiiimra 
BatAanauiAHJiap. yMap 6njiaH Afiem hkkhch BatAajiarnHjiraH 
acofira kcjiah. X,huiom cth6 KenojiMafi TyTHjinG kojiah. yMap GnnaH 
Afiem hkkhch MaAHHara eraG 6opn6, K^y6ora TyuiHuiran, 
ynapHHHr opTHAaH AfieniHHHr hkkh TyrnuiraH GnpoAapn A6y 
}Kax,ji GnjiaH Xppnc eraG KejiflHjiap. ynapHHHr yHHanacHHH xaM 
OHacH 6np GyjinG, y Acmo Ghhth MyxappnGa 3ah. yjiap Afieinra: 

- OHaHr ceHH KypMarymiHa Goinnra TapoK, TeKKH3MacjiHK Ba 
Kyein HypHAaH cajiKHHjiaMacjiHKKa oht hhh6 yTHpnGAH, - 
AeiiHuiAH. Afiein OHacnra paxMH Kejm6, KyHniH lOMinaAH. yMap 
h6h X,aTTo6 yHra: 

- 3fi Afiein, KaBMHHr ceHH AHHHHrAa 4)HTHajiaMOKHH, ynapAaH 
3x,THeT 6yn! Ajinoxra KacaMKH, arap OHaHrra Gnrjiap 03op 6epca, 
HH05KCH3 cohhhh TapafiAH. MaKKaHHHr o(J)to6h kh3ahph6 K)6opca, 
cajiKHHra HHKHinra MaacGyp 6yjiaAH, - AeAH. Afiein yiiaMafi, yjiap 



260 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

GmiaH 6npra 6opn6 OHacuHH KacaMHHH oiqiaG xejiMOKHH Qyjijxa. 
Yiviap yHra: 

-Arap y3 GujiraHHHrHH k;hjimok;hh 6yncaHr, MeHHHr Matra 6y 
TyaMHH mhhhG oji. Hymen y acy^a HToaTKop x,aMAa Honi^Hp Tya^Hp. 
Yhh mhhhG oncaHr, KaBMHHrAaH 6npop eMOHjiHKHH ce3ryAeic 
6yncaHr, 6y TyflAa k;ohh6 KyTyjinmuHr ocoh GynaAH, - acah. 

Afieui yma Tyara mhhhG, ynap 6miaH 6npra Maxxara K;aHTH6 
xeTAH. Blip MyHHa fiyji ropHuiran, A6y }Kax,ji: 

- 3h yxaacoH, TyaM Menu acy^a tojihk;thph6 k>6opah. Memi y3 
TyaHrra MHHrainTHpuG ojiMaficaHMH? - acah. Afieui: 

- MafijiH TyaMra MUHramTHpuG onaMaH, - acah Ba TyacHHH 
nyKTHpAH. Ynap x,aM TyajiapuHH HyKTHpniiiAH. TyanapHHH 
HyKTHpraHjiapHAaH cyHr A6y }Kax,ji 6miaH X,opnc Afieuira 
TauiJiaHnG, yHH apKOtuiap 6miaH 6oFjia6, GornaHraH x,ojiHHa xynna 
KyHAy3H yHH Maxxara ojih6 KnpAHjiap-Aa: 

- 3h MaKKa ax,jiH, CH3Jiap x,aM y3 HOAOH-ax,MOK;jiapHHrH3ra 6h3 
MaHa 6y HOAOH-ax,MOFHMH3ra K;HjiraHHMH3 Ka6n MyoMana 
KHjiHHrro!- Aea acap cojihihah. X,hihom 6miaH Afieui Maxxa 
KO(J)HpjiapH KyjiHAa acup, 6aHAH GynuG kojihihah. 

Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaiccn Ba camiaM MaAHHara x,H»cpaT 
k;hjih6 GopHuiran, 6np KyHH: 

- "Kum 6opu6 Mema Hueui 6ujiuh Xjiuiomhu ojiu6 Kenu6 
6epadu?" - AeAHJiap. HlyHAa BajiHA h6h BajiHA: 

- y hkkhchhh crora MeH ojihG iceiinG GepaMaH, 3h Pocyjiamiox,! - 
AeAH. BajiHA Max(J)HH cypaTAa Maxxara KennG, y HKKucura TaoM 
ojih6 6opaAHraH 6np aen GnnaH ynpaiiiAH. Y yma aejimiHr opraAaH 
GopnG, ynapHHHr acoHjiapHHH aHHiqiaG xenAH. V hkkhch tomh 
enroiMaraH 6np yfiAa Max,6yc x,ojiHAa caiyiaHaeiraH 3-ah. KenicypyH 
Gyjiran, BajiHA AeBopAaH oihh6, ynapHHHr ojiAHra TyuiAH-Aa, 
KHinaHjiapHHH ennG, y3JiapHHH KyrapnG ojihG hhk;ah. YjiapHH 
Tyacnra MMHrauiTHpnG, MaAHHara ojihG kcjiah. 

(H6h Xhhiom: 1/474-76). 

X,H>icpaT KHjiHinra ypHHraH MycyjiMOHjiapra Maxxa 

MyuipHKjiapHHHHr KHjiraH MyoMananapHAaH yn naBx,aHH crora 

x,aBOJia khjiahk. JleKHH uiyHAan GyjiHinnra KapaMafi, MycyjiMOHjiap 

GnpHH-KeTHH x,H»cpaTra HHK;a GouiJiaAHJiap. Karra "AicaGa 

261 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6aHt>aTH"AaH hkkh onaaH KynpoK BaKT yraG, MaKKaaa aeapjiH 
MycyjiMOHjiap KOJiMaAH. <PaK,aTrHHa Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy anaiixH 
Ba canjiaM, A6y Baxp Chaahk Ba AjiHHjiap KOJiAHJiap. Ajihh GnnaH 
A6y Baxp Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr 
GyHpyiqiapura GnHoaH xn^KpaTaaH TyxraG TypaHjiap. YnapAaH 
TauiKapH MyuipHKjiap MaacGypaH ymjiaG TypraH 6np Hena 
MycyjiMOH Kiimiuiap x,aM xH^KpaTaaH Tycnjin6 KOJWHJiap. 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM x,H»cpaT >Kiixo3JiapiiHii 
Tafiep khjiiiG, hiikhih ynyH GyiopiuiiimjiapiiHii KyriiG TypapaHJiap. 
A6y Baxp Chaahk; x,aM >Kiixo3JiapiiHii Tafiep khjiiiG KyiiAH. 

(3oflyji Maofl:2/52). 

Hmom ByxopHHHHHr Omiia po3iiHJiJioxy aHxoaaH KHjiiiHraH 
piiBOflTiiaa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM 
MycyjiMOHjiapra: 

. C^^i &4 JaJ CiU ' ^jj*A jl J * ; jJjl cr^l 

-"Cu3JiapHum xfiotcpam duepumus Mema Kypcamundu. Y ukku 
datum opajimudazu xypjno3op ep skcih", — aeAHJiap. IHyHaaH cytir 
x,H»cpaTHH HCTaraH MycyjiMOHjiap MaaHHa tomoh iiyji ojiaHJiap. 
XaGauiHCTOHra x,H»cpaT KHjiraHjiapHiiHr xaMManapii MaaHHara 
K,airrn6 KenAHJiap. A6y Baxp Chaahk; x,aM MaaHHa TOMOHra hiikhih 
ynyH xo3iipjniK Kypn6 TypraH 6np nairraa, Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy 
ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaM yHra: 

-"Eup 03 Kymu6 mypum, Men x,um y3UMza U3H depujiuiuuuu 
yjnud k,ujiu6 mypudMau", — aeAHJiap. IHyHaa A6y Baxp Ciiaahk; 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMra: 

- OTa-OHaM cii3ra (Jmao GyjiciiH! C113 xaM 113H GyjiiimiiHii KyriiG 
Typn6cii3Mii? - AeAH. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM: 

-"X,a,"- ae6 acaBoG GepAiuiap. A6y Baxp Ciiaahk; Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMra xaMpox 6yjnim ynyH xHJKpaT 
KHjiiimaaH TyxTaG, y3iiaarn hkkh yjiOBHH niinaH 6njiaH 6okh6, 
eMjiaG Typii oil KyTiiG kjojiah. 

(Ca^H^H Byxopnii "X,nxpaT 6o6h": 1/553). 

"KYPAMUJ nAPHAMEHTM" 6yjiMwui Ma>KJiiicjiap yiiMfla 

Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaM acxo6jiapiiHiiHr 
X03iipjniK Kypn6, Mony Aynejiapii Ba 6ojia-HaK,ajiapiiHii ojiiiG, 
Xa3paac Ba Abc K,a6njiajiapnra hiikhG KeniG GyjiraHjiapiiHii KypraH 



262 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MaKKa MyuipHKjiapHHH KarrHK; Kafiry-anaM, a<J)cyc-HaAOMaT Ba 
TymKHHjiHK K,aMpa6 ojiahkh, 6yHaK;aHrHCH Tapnx^a xann 
KypHjiMaraH sah. 3hah ynapHHHr KapiimcuAa yjiKaH xaBc[) nafiAO 
GyjinG, ynapHHHr xaM hkthcoahh, xaM ahhhh (GyTnapacTjiHic) 
acHxaTjiapura TaxAHA cona GomnaAH. 

By MyuipHKjiap MyxaMMaA ajiaHXHCcajiOMHHHr 

uiaxcHaTjiapHAarH pax6apjiHK Ba eTaKHHjiHK HKTHAopjiapn 6miaH 
6npra, Tatcnp KyBBaTHHHHr GapKaMOJUiHrnHH, acxoGjiapnAarn 
MaBacyA ca6py MaTOHaT Ba roa HyjiHAarn (JmAOHHjiHKjiapHHH, Abc 
Ba Xa3pa>K KaGnjiajiapHAarn MyAO(J)aa Ba xap hkkh K,a6HjiaHHHr 
AOHHuiMaHAJiapHAarH cajioxHjrr, xaivma OMOHjiHKKa 6yjiraH 
hhthjihih TyHFyjiHpHHH, 3ckh rHHa KyAypaTjiapHH Tapx STHIIira 
GyjiraH 6np GupnapuHH HaKHpnigiapHHH, xoccaTaH 6np Hena 
HHjinap AaBOMHAa TaraG KejiaerraH hhkh ypymjiapHHHr annHK; 
MeBacHHH Tapx 3THinra 6yjiraH AatBaTjiapHHH jixihh GnjiHiiiap 3 ah. 

ilHa ynap IIIom GnnaH ilMaHHH 6np Gnpnra Gofjiobhh K^h3hji 
AeHrH3 coxHjiHAarn TapHXHH fiyjira HucGaTaH MyxHM CTpaTeruK 
MaBset 3KaHjiHrHHH xaM 6miap SAHjiap. MaKKa ax,jiH caBAorapjiapn 
ilMaH 6miaH ypTana nopax mhjijihoh ahhop ojithh MHKAopnAa 
hhjijihk moji TOBap aHjiaHTHpumap 3AHjiap. ByHAaH TamK,apH Toh(J) 
axiiHHHHr xaM aHnarnHa caBAO Aonpacn MaBacyA sah. MatnyMKH 
6y THacopaTHHHr AaBOMjin GyjiHuiH MaHa my MyjiAarH thhhjihk 
6api<;apopjiHKKa GeBocirra Gofjihk; sah. 

Hcjiom AatBaTHHHHr ilcpnGAa MapKa3JiamyBH Ba yHHHr axAHHH 
MaKKa MyuipHKjiapHra K,apiiiH Ky3FaTyBH, KypaHiHjiHKjiap ynyH 
KaHHajiHK xaTapjiH SKaHjinrn xen KHMra cnp 3Mac sjxa. y3JiapHHHHr 
6opjiHK;jiapHra TaxAHA conaeTraH xaTapHHHr KynaiiHG 
KeTaeTraHHHH ce3raH MympHKjiap 6y xaTapHH jxa^'h khjihih ynyH 
3Hr HaTHacanH BacHjianapHH khahphG KOJiAHJiap. YuiGy xaTapHHHr 
aroHa MaH6ai.H Hcjiomhh AatBaT GaiipoKAopH MyxaMMaA 
ajiaHx,HccajiOM SAHjiap. 

HyGyBBaTHHHr 14- hhjih Ca(J)ap ohhhhhf 26- namnaH6a, 5tl>hh 
mhjioahh 622-HHjiHHHr ceHT5i6pb ohh 12- KyHH, KaiTa "AK,a6a 
6aHi.aTH"AaH TaKpnGaH hkkh apuM oh yrraH, 3pTajia6Aa MaKKa 
napnaMeHTH (MaacjiHCJiap ynn) hui GouinaAH. By MaKKa TapHXH^arn 
3Hr Kaira hhfhjihui GynnG, yHra K^ypafiui K;a6HjiacH ypyFjiapHHHHr 



263 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6apnacHAaH HaMOflHAanap BaKroi CHc[)aTHAa hihthpok STAHjiap. 
YuiGy HHFHjiHuiAa KyHAanaHr KyHHjiraH 6oui Macana - 6y Hcjiomhh 
AatBaT GaHpoFHHHHr GaiipoKAopHHH fiyic khjihih Ba yHHHr 
TapaTaeTraH HypHHH 6opjiHK;AaH GyTyHjian ynnpnG TamjiaiiiHH 
Ka(J)OJiaTjiaHAHraH KeciaiH peacaHH HimiaG hhk;h6, ymi nyxTa 
ypraHHin sjxa. K^ypafiui K;a6HjiajiapH BaKHjuiHpHAaH TauiKHji TonraH 
6y Kaira HHFHjimiiAa Ky3ra KypiiHraH 6np Hena mapa(J)jiH, o6py- 
3tTH6opjiH KHuiHjiap GyjinG, ynap: 

1- A6y }Kax,ji h6h Xhihom - BaHy Max3yM K;a6HjiacHAaH. 

2- )Ko6hp h6h MyrtHM - BaHy HaB(J)aji h6h A6AyMaHO(J). 

3- TytaftMa h6h Aahh 

4- Xppnc h6h Omhp 

5- IIlHHGa h6h PoGnHta - BaHy AGAymuiaMC h6h A6AyMaHO(J). 

6- YrGa h6h PoGnirba 

7- A6y Cy(J)eH h6h Xap6 - 

8- Ha3p h6h Xppnc BaHy AGAyAAop KaGnjiacHAaH. 

9- A6yn ByxTapHH h6h Xhihom - BaHy AcaA h6h A6AyJiy330AaH. 
1 0- 3aMi.a h6h AcBaA 

1 1 - XaKHM h6h XH300M 

12- HyGafix, h6h X,aacaco5K - BaHy Cax,ivmaH. 

13- MyHa66nx, h6h X,aacaco5K - 

14- yMaira h6h Xana(J) - BaHy 5KyMaHXAaH. 

Ynap BatAajiauinjiraH nairrAa MaacjiHcrox,ra KejiHiiiraHHAa, 
ynapHH K;ajiHH khhhm KHiiraH HypoHHH 6np Kapna CH(|)aTHAarH 
HGjihc AapB03a onAHAa KyTnG TypapAH. Ynap: 

- By Kapna khm GyjiAH? - p,e6 cypaAHJiap. 

- HaacA ax,jiHAaH GynraH ok;cok;oji, CH3JiapHHHr BatAajiarnHjiraH 
MaacjiHCJiapHHrH3HH 3ihhth6, "HHMa Aep 3KaHCH3Jiap"-Ae6, 
aiiiHTMOK ynyH KenraH. HIoaakh, CH3Jiapra 6npoH (J)HKp-Macjiax,aT 
GnnaH (J)OHAacH Tern6 Konca, - p,ep,u. Ynap: 

- Xa MafijiH, Knpa koji! - achhuiah. Y OAaMjiap GnjiaH Gnpra 
HHKapnra khpah. 

it it it 



264 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

"nAPJIAMEHT" 6ax.cn Ba n a wrap ajiaPix,nc canoMHM nam 
aTMiiira 6ynraH Myflx,nuj KapopHMHr Ka6yn khjimhmujm 

MaaoiHC KaTHainHHjiapH aco-Gaaco GynuG, y3 ypHHjiapHHH 
arajijiauiraH, Taming Ba TaBcmuiap TaKAHM 3TH.ua 6omjiaAH. Eax,c- 
MyH03apanap y30K AaBOM 3-tah. JKyivuiaAaH A6yn AcBaA myHAaH 
WW- 

- Yhh y3 opaMH3AaH HHK;apH6, max,pHMH3AaH 6aAapra K;HjiaMH3. 
X,ox,naraH Tapacjmra KeTCHH. Xpx,jiaraH acoHHra 6opn6 acoHjiamcHH. 

Eh3HH HIHHMH3 GyjIMaHAH. YHAaH CyHr 6h3 y3 HIHJiapHMH3HH 

AacTjiaGxH MapoMHra cojihG 0JiaMH3, - acah. HlyHAa HaacAJiHK 
ok;cok;oji: 

— HyX fiyic. Ajuiox,ra KacaMKH, 6y Tyrpn (Jmicp 3Mac. Crojiap yHH 
uinpHH cy3, ycTa hothk;, HHCOHjiap K;aji6HHH Te3Aa 3a6T 3-TyBHH 
hhcoh 3KaHjiHrHHH 6HjiMaHCH3JiapMH? Arap CH3 uiyHAafi 
K;HjicaHrH3, yHHHr apa6 K;a6HjiajiapHHHr Gnpnra TymnG, ynapHH 
y3Hra sprauiTHpran, y3 lopTHra K;aHTH6, ycTHHrrora 6octhph6 
KenHuiHAaH Ba crojiapra x,ox,naraH MyoManacHHH KHjiHiiiHAaH 
KyTyna 0JiMaHCH3Jiap. By x,ai<;Aa 6ouiK;a 6np (JmicpHH TaA6np 
KHjiHHrnap! - AeAH. A6yn EyxTapnH 3ca: 

- Yhh ymjia6, 3aroKHp6aHA k;hjih6, KHinaHjia6, ycTHAaH suihkhh 
K;yji(J)jia6 KyifflHrjiap-Aa, KeHHH yHra HHMa GyjiniiiHHH KyraG 
TypHHrnap. XyAAH yH^aH aBBan yTraH HoGnra Ba 3yx,afip icaGu 
uiOHpjiap TonraH yjiHMHH y x,aM toiichh! - ji,Qjxa. 

IlapjiaMeHT ym6y hkkhhhh TaKjiH(J)HH x,aM paA KHjiran, MaaoiHC 
KaTHauiHHjiapHHHHr Gapnacnra Mai<;6yji MyAX,Hin TaxjiHtJ) TaKAHM 
3THHAH. Ma3Kyp MyAX,Hin TaKjiH(J)HH MaKKaHHHr 3Hr Karra 
>KHH05rrHttJiapHAaH Gnpn A6y }Kax,ji H6h Xhihom khphtah. 

- By 6opaAa MeH^a 6np (Jmicp 6op. AfiTcaM, yHH K;a6yji 
K;HjiapMHKHHCH3Jiap? ! - AeAH. MaaoiHC KaTHauiHHjiapH myHAa: 

- Ahthh, KaHAafi (Jmicp sxaH y 3h A6yn XaicaM?! - achhihah. A6y 
}Kax,ji: 

-Bh3 x,ap 6np KaGmiaAaH HaBK;HpoH-nax,jiaBOH, Hacny Haca6nH, 
opaMH3Aa 6n3ra BOCHTanH GyjiaAHraH 6np HurnTHH TaHjiaHMH3, 6y 
HHrHTjiapHHHr x,ap Gupura 6imaji,an yTKup khjihh 6epaMH3. 
HnrHTjiap Myx,aMMaAHHHr ycrara 6octhph6 KHpn6, x,aMManapH 
6np BapaxaHHra yHra 3ap6a ypaAHJiap-Aa, yHH yjiAHpaAHJiap. 



265 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HlyHAa yHAaH KyTyjiaMH3. yHHHr k;ohh 6apna K;a6Hjiajiapra 6a6- 
6apoBap 6yjiHHH6 KeTaAH. BaHy A6AyMaH0(J) KaBMjiapHHHr 
Gapnacnra KapiiiH acaHr KHjiHiiira acyptaT KHjiojiMaii, yHHHr 
Ahhhchhh ojiHinra po3H GyjiaAHJiap. Eh3 sea ynapra ah&i TyjiaG icya 
KOJiaMH3,- Ae6 ranHHH TaMOMjiaAH. YHHHr rannapHAaH pyx,jiaHH6 
KeTraH Kapna: 

- MaHa 6a KHuiHHHHr (JmicpH acy^a Tyrpn, y3ra (Jmicpra ypHH 
HyK;! - RQJ\vl. (H6h X,hhiom: 1/480). 

riaPifap anaMx,nc canoMHMHr x,n>KppaTJiapM - KypauwHUHr 
Tafl6npn Ba Aiuio^HMHr Tafl6npn ypTacwfla 

OflaT^a GyHAan yra Max(J)HH cypaTAarn iiHFHjiHiiijiapAa KyHAajiHK 
OAaTjiapra 3ha 6yjiaAHraH Ba aohmhh OAaTjiapAaH aacpaG TypaAHraH 
6npoH 6np x,apaxaT K)3ara HHKapHJiMaiiAH. Tokh K;a6yji KHjiHHraH 
6y KapopHHHr xhahhh 6npoH khuih ce3n6 K,ojiMacHH Ba 6y epAa 
eMOHjiHKAaH Aapax GepyBHH MaBxyivuiHK Gopjinrn x,en khmhhhf 
x,aejiHra x,aM KejiMacHH. By KypaiiiiijiHKjiap TOMOHHAaH 
KyjijiaHHjiraH TaA6np sah. JleKHH ynap 6y TaA6npHH Ajijiox, 
cy6x,aHaxy Ba Taonora KyjuiaiHAHJiap. Ajijiox, sea ynap yiiJiaMaraH 
TOMOHHAaH, yjiapHHHr op3yjiapHHH nynra HHK,apH6, peacajiapnHH 
6ap6oA khjiah. 5Kh6phji anaiixHccajiOM nanraMGap 
ajiaiix,HCcajiOMra PoGGnjiapn TOMOHHAaH Baxnii ojih6 xejinG, y 
KHiiiHra KypaiiuijiHKjiapHHHr Ty3raH peacanapHHH 6hjiahph6, 
x,H»cpaT KHjiHiujiapHra H3H GepHjiraHjiHrHHH Ba xH>KpaT BaKTH 
GejirHjiaHraHjiHrHHH 6hjiahph6, KypaiiiiijiHKjiapra paAAHfl 
peacacHHH 6aeH khjihG: 

-By xena x,ap KyHH eraAHraH ypHHHrH3Aa erMaHr! -j\ejxft. 

(H6h X,hhiom: 1/482, 3o/iyji Mao/i:2/52). 

IIaHFaM6ap anaiixHccajiOM KyHHHHr kok ypTacHAa, OAaMjiap y3 
yiijiapHAa AaM ojiaerraH 6np naiiTAa, xHJicpaT khjihih peacacHHH 
ranjiauinG ojihih ynyH A6y Eaicp Chaahkhhhf ojiAHra xejiAHJiap. 
Onuia po3Hajuiox,y aHx,o 6yHH xhkoji k;hjih6, myHAaii achah: 

- Bh3 A6y Eaicp Chaahk GnjiaH 6npra yrapraH sahk. K^ok; neuiHH 
naiiTHAa 6np khuih xejinG, A6y Baxpra: - Pocyjiyjuiox cajuianoxy 
ajiaiix,H Ba camiaM paHrnapn y3rapraH xonaTAa, x,en KejiMaiiAHraH 
naiiTjiapHAa 6h3hhhf ojiAHMH3ra xejiAHJiap, - p,ep,u. A6y Eaicp 
Chaahk;: - Y KHinnra OTa-OHaM (J)hao 6yjiCHH! EyHAaii naiiTAa 
ajiGaira 6np 3apyp hlu GnnaH KenraHjiap, - mmi. Pocyjiyjuiox 

266 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

cajuiajioxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM iceiinG h3h cypaAHjiap. H3H GepHjiran, 
x,OBjiHra KHpAHjiap-Aa: 

-"Ondummdazu odaMJiapuu nui^apud mypum!"- AeAHJiap. 
A6y Eaicp: 

- Bynap y3 ax,jiJiapHHrH3AHp. Ora-OHaM cirera (J)hao GyncnH, sh 
Pocyjiajinox,! - p,ep,u. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianqxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM: 

- "Mema xfiotcpam Kfinuuiza U3H depundu",— AeAHJiap. A6y 
Eaicp Chaahk;: XaMpox, 6yjiiimiiMHii iicraiiAiijiapMii?. OTa-OHaM 
ciera (J)hao 6yncHH, 3h PocyjiajuioxJ -maw. - "X,a", -#e6 acaBoG 
KHjiAHjiap. HlyHAaH cyHr Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaM 
A6y Eaicp Chaahk; 6njiaH x,H»cpaT ichjiiiiii peoicaciiHii icejiiiiiiiiG 
onAHJiap-Aa, yiijiapiira ic,airni6 icejiAHJiap Ba Ken GyjiiimiiHii KyTii6 
TypAHjiap. X,H»cpaT iciuiiimra x,03iipjiiiK KypaeTraHjiapHHH 6npoH 
kiiihii ce3ii6 KOJiMacHH Ba Kypaiim icapopiiHii onraH iimjiapAaii 
caiqiaHiim ynyH OAaTAarii KyHAajiiuc aMajuiapiiHii ichjiiiiii GnnaH 
Mauiryji GyjiAHjiap. 

naMfai\/i6ap ajiaMx,nccajiOM yujiapuHiiHr ypa6 ojimhmujm 
KypaiiiiiHiiHr 3Hr KaTra aciiHOflTHiuiapii KyHjiapiiHii ",H,opyH- 
HaABa" (MaaoiHCJiap yiiii)Aa spTanaGna ic,a6yji iciuiiiHraH 6y KapopHii 
aManra TaA6iiK ichjiiiiii ynyH TaiiepjiaHHiii GnnaH yTica3AHJiap. By 
huihh aManra Tannic; ichjihih ynyH yuiGy acHHOJiTHHjiapAaH 11 
khuih TaHjiaHnG, pane sth6 caiijiaHAH. Ynap: 

I - A6y }Kax,ji h6h Xhihom 

2- XaicaM h6h A6yn Oc 

3- YicGa h6h A6y Mybairr 

4- Ha3p h6h Xppnc 

5- yMaira ii6h XanatJ) 

6- 3yMi.a ii6h AcBaA 

7- TytaHMa ii6h Aahh 

8- A6y JIax,a6 

9- YGafi ii6h Xajiac[) 

1 0- HyGafix, ii6h X,aaoKoac 

I I - My Ha66nx, ii6h X,aac5Koac. 

(3o/iyji MaoA:2/52). 



267 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiaiioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr OAaTjiapn - 
TyHHHHr Ghphhhh KHCMHAa, xy(J)TOH HaM03HAaH cyHr 6np 03 
mh3fh6 onapAHJiap-Aa, TyHHHHr apMH^aH kchhh MacacHAH 
X,apaMra hhkh6, "KTieMyn - jianji" k;hjih6, HaM03 y^np SAHjiap. By 
KenacH Ajihh po3H5ijijioxy aHxyra y3 ypHHjiapnra KHpn6, aihhji 
Xa3paMHH pHAOJiapHHH enHHnG erHiiiHHH GyropAHJiap Ba yHra x,en 
6np Mycn6aT eTMacjinrnHH aiiTAHjiap. 

BopjiH^HH TyH KopoHrycH K;onjia6, cyxyHaT xyKM cypa GomjiaraH 
Ba OAaMjiap OMMaTaH yiiKyra KeTraH 6np naiiTAa, K>K;opHAa 
HOMjiapn THjira onHHraH KHMcanap Maxcjmii cypaT^a Pocyjryjuiox 
cajuiaiioxy anaiixH Ba cajinaMHHHr yHjiapnra kcjihihhG, AapB03a 
onAHAa, y KHuiHHHHr HHKHuinapHHH noiijiaG, KyTn6 TypAHjiap. 
Yjiap Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiaiioxy ananxH Ba cajinaMHH HHicapHAa 
yxnaanTH p,e6 yHjiauinG, y3 OAaTjiapnra Kypa, Mac>KHAra HHK;ca, 
x,aMManapH yHHHr xanriAa HH^apHjiraH xyKMHH nacpo khjihih ynyH 
xaivuia KHjiHiiira Tanep Typap 3AHJiap. 

Yjiap ym6y MyAXHiii KapopHH nacpo STHjiHiiiHra Tyjia hihohh 
GnnaH, x,en HKKHJiaHMan Typnuiap 3ah. X,aTro A6y )KaxJi 
MyTaKa66npoHa KypcannG, yHHH ypa6 TypraH, xyKMHH nacpocHAaH 
capxyui GyjinG TypraH uiepHKjiapHra Hcrex,300My3: 

Myx,yMMaA - arap ch3 yHra 3pramcaHrH3, apa6y-aacaMjiapra 
noAino 6yjiHuiHHrH3HH, cyHr yjiraHjiapHHrH3AaH cyHr K,airra 
thphjihG, CH3Jiap ynyH HopAaH GoFjiapn xa6n >KaHHaTjiap 
GepHjiHuiHHH, arap yHAaii KHjiMacaHrH3, cyHHjiHiu GyjinuiH Ba 
yjiraHjiapHHrH3AaH cyHr K,airra thphjihG, CH3Jiap yH#a 
KyHAHpHjiaAHraH acaxaHHaM ojiobh GyjiHiiiHHH xaen khjihG 
k>ph6ah-h! - AeAH. 

(H6hXhihom: 1/482-83). 

"IIapjiaMeHT"Aa K,a6yji KHjiHHraH K,apop nacpocn TyHHHHr apMH^a 
aManra oiuhphjihihh GejirnjiaHraH sah. Ynap yHHH aTpo(J)HHH ypa6 
ojih6, TyH apHM GyjiHiiiHHH KyTn6 TypapAHJiap. JleKHH Ajijiox y3 
Huinra fojihG 3ot 6yjin6, ocMOHJiapy epHHHr MyjiKH Yhhhf 
KyjiHAaAHp. Ajijiox, xpx,jiaraHHHH KHjiaAH. Yhkhf y3H xhmoa 
KHjiaAH. y x,eH KHMHHHr xHMoacHra Myx,Toac 3Mac. Ajijiox, 
KeiiHHHajiHK xhtoG khjihG aihraH huihh aManra TaTGnic; khjiah. 



268 



AppoxuKVJi Maxmyju ?j±lJi ' (Jj^jII 



30. (3h Myx^MMaA), Kocjmpjiap ch3hh xh6c khjihui e yji^Hpnui, 
Skh (MaiocaAaH) HiiKapn6 loSopnui ynyii CH3ra MaKp KHjiraH 
naiiTjiapHHH 3CJiaiir! Yjiap MaKp KHJiypjiap, Ajijiox, x,aM "MaKp" 
KHJiyp. Ajijiox, "MaKKop" poK/mp. 

(Ah(J)oji:30). 

Pocyjiyjuio* yMJiapn,qaH hmkm6 KeTaamiap 

JsypaHinjiHKjiap K,aHHa orox,jiHK Ba xyiiiepjiHK GnnaH TypMacHHjiap, 
GapnGnp »cyAa xyiiyic Tap3#a OMaACH3JiHKica ynpaflHjiap. HyHKH 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajuiajioxy ajiairxn Ba camiaM y3 yiijiapHAaH hhkh6, 
yjiapHH epn6 yTn6 KerraH SAiijiap. Ep^aH 6np chkhm TynpoK ojih6, 
KaMan khjiiiG TypraHjiapHiiHr 6oinjiapnAaH ceniiG K>6opAHJiap. 
Ajijiox, Taojio yjiapHHHr Ky3JiapnHn MyxaMMaA ajiaiixHCcajiOMHH 
KypnuiAaH Kyp khjih6 KyftflH. Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajioxy ajiairxn Ba 
cajuiaM xoTiipacaMrHHa KyiiimarH oaTjiapHHH TmiOBaT khjih6, yrn6 
KeTAHjiap. 

(9) Ojj*aij V *££ ial U . i ^\3 il^i (i-0^ - 'c/& ^ {&."$ cm 'cf- ^*^i 

9. Ba Bh3 yjiapHHHr ojwiJiapiiaaH 6np TycHK-napaa khjihS, 
yjiapHH ypa6 KyiiflHK. Bac, yjiap Kypa ojiMacjiap. 

(Echh:9). 

YjiapAaH Goiimra Tynpo^ KyHMaraH 6npoH khuih x,&m K,ojiMaraH 
3AH. Pocyjiyjuiox cajuiajioxy ajiairxn Ba cajuiaM Tynna-TyrpH A6y 
Baxp CHAAHKHiiHr yiiiira KejiAHnap. Yjiap hkkhch A6y Baxp 
CuAAHKHHHr xoBjiiiCHAarii AapnaAaH hhkhihhG, ilMaH iiyjiHAarH 
CaBp ropiira 6epKiiHAHjiap. 

Yhhh ypa6 TypraH Hacpapjiap TyH apiiM 6yjiiiuiHHH KyTraHjiapii 
KyiiH KOJiaBepAHJiap. TyH apuM 6yjinuinra 03riiHa BaKT KOJiraHiiAa 
yjiap cpypcaraH 6oii 6epraHjiapnHn TyuiyHn6 eTAHjiap. Yjiap 6njiaH 
6npra GyjiMaraH 6np khuih kcjih6, y3 suiuru ojiAH^a TypraH 
Ha(J)apjiapHH Kypn6: 

- HHMaHH KyTn6 TypH6cH3Jiap? - AeAH. yjiap: 

- MyxaMMaAHn! - p,e6 acaBo6 GepAHJiap. 

- HoyMHA 6yjiH6cH3Jiap, Kypyi^ K,ojiH6cH3Jiap. Y CH3JiapHHHr 
0JiAHHrH3AaH yruQ KeTAH Ba xaMMaHncHH 6ouiHHrH3ra Tynpoic; 



269 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

cenn6 KeTAii. XyAO xaK,KH, y y3 iimiira rctaii,- p,ep,u. Ynap 
GomjiapiiAarii TynpoiqiapHii kokiiihiiG, xaiipoH GyjiraHjiapirna: 

- Ajuioxra K,acaMKii, 6113 ymi KypMaAHK,- AeiiiiiiiAii. JleKiiH ynap 
AapB03a epHFHAaH MypajiaG, Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiix,ii Ba 
cajinaMHHHr acoiijiapiiAa erraH Ajihh po3iiHjuioxy aHxyHii 
Kyp^Hjiap-Aa: 

- Ajuioxra K,acaMKii, MyxaMMaA yxna6 ctiiGah. Yhiihf ycriiAa 
piiAOCii enHFjiHK,-AeHHuiAH. Ynap to TOHr OTryHura K,aAap, 
acoHjiapHAaH aciuiMaii nofijiaG TypAiuiap. ToHr otii6 cy6x, Gyjiran, 
Ajihh ypHiiAaH Typn6, ynapHiiHr Kyjiiira TyiiiAii. Ynap IlaiiFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMHH K,aepAa 3KaHjiiiKjiapiiHii cypaAHJiap. Ajihh 
po3Hajuiox,y aHxy: 

- JsaepAajiHKjiapHAaH xaGapiiM iryKj - p,e6 acaBoG 6epAH. 

(H6h X,hhiom: 1/483, 3ojxyn M&ojs,: 2/52). 

XoBJiMAaH ropra 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM HyGyBBaTHiiHr 14- 
hhjih, Ca(J)ap oiiHHHHr 27- Kenacn, mhjioahh 622-iiiijiHiiHr 
cenraGpb ohh 12-AaH 13- ra yrap Kenacii yiijiapiiAaH hiikiiG, 
OAaMjiapHHHr 3Hr huiohhjihch Ba xaM 3Hr 5ik;hh AycTjiapii 6yjiraH 
A6y Eaxp Ciiaahkhiihf xOBJinciira GopAHJiap. CyHrpa 3Hr oxnprH 
MaH3HjuiapHHH xaM TOHr OTiyHra K,aAap MaKKa maxpHAaH hiikiiG 
ojiHinra yjirypHiii ynyH opK,a TOMOHHAarn smiiriiAaH hiikiiG, yHH 

Tapx 3TAHJiap. 

Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM Te3 opaAa 
KypaiiuijiHKjiap ynapHH HCTa6 KOJiiimjiapiiHii Ba 3Hr GiipiiHHii 
6yjin6, MaKKaHHHr uiHMOJiHAarH MaAHHara 3jnyBHii Kaira iiyji 
KHAHpjiHiiiHHH 6njiraHjiapii ynyH iiyjiHii GyTyHjiaii aicciiHHa 6ynraH, 
MaKKaHHHr acaHyGiiAarii ilMaH iiyHajiiiiiiiiAarii iiyjira 6ypAHJiap. 
Ym6y iiyjiAaH 5 Miurna K>pn6, "CaBp tofh" Aea TaHHjiraH TOK,K,a 
eTn6 GopAHJiap. Y tof GanaHA 6yjin6, iiyjiii hotckhc, KyTapiuiiimii 
khhiih, Touijiapn Kyn 3ah. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr hkkh oeiqiapii orpn6 kojiah. Hymen Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM H3Jiapn 6hjihhh6 KOJiMacjmrii ynyH 
oeiqiapHHH HeniHii 6och6 K>pn6 KenraH SAiuiap. ToKK,a eni6 
KenraHjiapiiAa, A6y BaKp Ciiaahk, Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuianoxy anaiixH 
Ba cajuiaMHii KynnapiinaH TopraG, KynriiiqiapiiAaH KyrapiiG, to tof 



270 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

HyicKHCHAarn ropra eriiG HiiKKyHjiapiirana yH^aG, KiicraG GopAii. By 
rop Hcjiom TapHXH^a "CaBp Fopii" homh 6njiaH TaHiuiraH. 
MKKMCMHMHr FopflaxiMK naPrmapii 

Yjiap FopHHHr onAHra eTii6 GopiimraH, A6y Eaicp Ciiaahk;: 
- C113 KHpMafi TypHHr. ABBan MeH Kiipn6 Kypaii, arap FopHHHr 
HHHAa 6npoH Hapca Gyjica, cirera 3Mac, MeHra TerciiH- AeAH-Aa, 
FopHHHr iiHicapiiciira Kiipn6, ymi T03ajiaAii. FopHHHr 6np 
Gypnariuja ynTa tcuihkhh KypAH. JfeopiiAaH 6np napna iiiipTiiG, 
TeuiHKjiapAaH Giipiira thk;h6, yHH GepioiTiiG KyiiAii. IsOJiraH 
HKKHTacHHH oeiqiapii tobohh GiuiaH GepKHTnG, xeHHH Pocyjiyjuiox 
cajuianoxy ajiaiccn Ba cajuiaMra: 

- KnpHHr! - p,ep,u. IlaiiFaMGap anaiixHCcajiOM KiipAiuiap-Aa, A6y 
Eaicp CnAAHKHHHHr Garpiira GomjiapiiHii KyiiiiG yxjiaAiuiap. 
X,ajinrn TeuiHKjiapHHHr GiipiiAaH 6np Hapca Kejin6, A6y BaKpHHHr 
oeFHHH HaKiiG ojiah. Y khuih sea, Pocyjiyjuiox cajuianoxy anaiixH 
Ba canjiaMHH yiiFOTHG K>6opHiiiAaH nynnG, thuihhh THuinra 6och6 
KHMHpnaMaH 5khm TypAH. OrpHKHHHr 3ypjiHrHAaH yHHHr 
Ky3napHAaH em ok;h6, IlaHFaMGap ajiaiixHccajiOMHHHr K)3JiapHra 
tomah. HlyHAa Pocyjiyjuiox cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba cajmaM: 

- "Cu&a hum(i 6yndu 3ii A6y EaKp?" — AeAHJiap. 

- Ora-OHaM CH3ra (J)hao 6yjiCHH! Ocfhmhh 6np Hapca nai<;H6 
ojiah,- AeAH A6y Eaicp Chaahk;. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuiajioxy ajiaibcH Ba 
cajuiaM naicHjiraH acoiira Ty(J)jiaraHAHjiap, uiy GnjiaH ofphk; 
iiyicpjlAH. (JleKHH yHHHr xaca/iH/ia iconraH 3a?cap yMpHHHHr oxHpnaa y3 
TatcHpHHH KypcaT/iH Ba BaiJDOTHra ca6a6 6yjiflH). 

(MyniKOT aji-Maco6H^:2/556). 
Yjiap FopHHHr HHHAa yn KyH - acyMa, inaH6a Ba 5ncmaH6a 
OKuiOMjiapn 6epKHHn6 eTAHjiap. By opaAa A6y Eaicp Chaahichhhf 
yrjiH AGAyJuiox, yjiapHHHr ojiAHJiapHra KejinG-KeTnG TypapAH. 
Onuia po3Hajuiox,y aHx,o myHAaii achah: 

- AGAyJuiox, 3yKKO, aiguiH hhfht sah. TyH icopoHFycHAa OTanapn 
eHiira 6opn6, y epAaH TOHr OTMaciiAaH Maxxara xejiiiG, x,en Hapca 
KypMaraHAeK, KypaiiiiijiHKjiap GnjiaH 6npra TOHr orriipap sah. 
OAaMjiap opaciiAa yjiapra Teriiuuiii GiipoH ran suiiiTca, TyH 
KopoHFycH TyuiHuiH GnnaHOK;, xa6apHH yjiapra eTKa3ap sah. A6y 
Eaicp Chaahichhhf xH3MaTKopn OMiip ii6h Oyxaiipa icyH 6oic,ap sah. 



271 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±^[jj^±jjl 

y 6np rana cyTAop cobjihk; KyfijiapHH ynapra jik;hhpok epra x,aiiAa6 
Kenap Ba KenaHHHr 6npoH coaTH yrraH, KyfijiapHH IlaHFaMGap 
ajiaHx,HccajiOMjiapHHHr ojiAHjiapura ojih6 iceiinG, AaM oiiAHpap 3-ah. 
Omhp ynapra KyftjiapHH cofh6 6epap Ba TOHr KopoHFycHAa 
KyMjiapHH x,aiiAa6 KeTapAH. Omhp yn KyHHHHr HHHAa 6y nmjiapHH 
TaxpopjiaAH. A6y Eaicp Chaahkhhhf yrjiH AGAyjmox, Keim6 
Maxxara KairraG Reran, yHHHr H3HAaH KyfijiapHH x,aiiAa6 KeTapAH. 

(H6hX,hihom: 1/486, Caxiixn Eyxopirfi: 1/553-54). 
Ammo KypaHiHjiHKjiap K;a6yji KHjiHHraH K;apop Hacpocnra 
KejiniHHjiraH Baicr - TyH yTH6, TOHr OTran Ba Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajuianoxy anaiixH Ba camiaM yjiapmiHr KyjiHAaH hhk;h6 
KeTraHjiapHHH Gnjiran, Tena coHjiapn THKica GyjinG, jioji KOJiAHJiap. 
ynapHHHr Ghphhhh KHjiraH miijiapH Ajihh po3H5uuioxy aHxytffl 
ypnm Gyji^H. Yhh cyApaG, Kat6a ojiAHra ojih6 Kejni6, yH^aH 
MatnyMOT ojihih ynyH i^aMa6 KyHflHjiap. K^HjiHHraH cypoiqiap (J)OHAa 
GepMaran, A6y Eaicp Chaahkhhhf yiiHra KejiH6, AapB03acHHH 
KOKAHjiap. ynapHHHr ojiAHra A6y Eaicp Chaahkhhhf ich3h Ac mo 
hhkah. Yjiap: 

- OraHr icaepAa? - p,e6 cypaAHJiap. Acmo: 

- XyAO x,aic,K;H, OTaMHH icaepAajiHrHHH GnjiMaiiMaH! - acah. 
HlyHAa yra majuiaicH Ba h(J)jioc GyjiraH A6y )Kax,ji AcMora icyji 

KyrapuG, yHHHr K)3nra manajiOK toptah. 3ap6aHHHr 3ypHAaH 
AcMOHHHr KyjiOFHAaH 6anAOFH hhich6 kctah. 

(H6hX,hhiom: 1/487). 

JsypaHinjiHKjiap c[)aBKyjiOAAa, ihoiiihjihhh Maatnnc HaicHpnG, 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixii Ba camiaM Ba A6y Eaicp Ciiaahichii 
icyjira Tymiipiim ynyH iiMKOHiraTjiapiiAarii 6apna Bocirra Ba 
BacHjiajiapHH iimra cojiiimra (J)apMOH iciuiAiijiap. MaicicaAaH 
HHKaAHraH 6apna iiyHajiiiiiijiapAarii iiyjuiap icarni^ KypomiaHraH 
Ha<J)apjiap Ha3opaTii ocriira ojiiihah. By iikkii kiiihiihii x,ox, Tiipiiic, 
xox yjiHK x,ojiHAa Maxxara ic,airrapn6 ojih6 icejiraH Kiiiiiiira xap 
6npn ynyH lOOTaAaH Tya MiiicAopiiAarii MyKO(J)OT TaiiiiH iciuiiihah. 
Ba 6yHAa ojiiiG KenraH OAaMHiiHr khm GyjiiimiiHii 3i>Tii6opii fiyic 
3AH. (CaxnxH Eyxopiin: 1/554). 

HlyHAaH cyHr OTjiiiry niieAajiap Ba ireicyBapjiap ican-a MyKO(J)OT 
HjiHHacHAa xap Tapa<J)ra ii3fii6, yjiapiiii ncTa6 icpjiflHjiap. OAaMjiap 
iikkiiciihii iicraG, BOAiiiuiapra, Aapanapy nyicKHjiapra Tapi<;ajiH6 



272 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

xeTAHjiap. JleKHH x,ap K,aHHa HcraiiiMacHH c[)OHAa 6epMaAH Ba 6npoH 
HaTHacara spmiia ojiMaAHJiap. IsHAHpyBHHjiap ropHHHr OF3Hrana 

GopHUIAH. JleKHH AjIJIOX, y3 HUIHra FOJIhG 30TAHp. Hmom 

ByxopHHHHHr AHac po3H5uuioxy aHxyAaH, y A6y Eaicp CnAAHKAaH 
KHjiraH pHBoaTra Kypa A6y Eaicp Chaahk, myHAaii achah: 

- MeH Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaM GnnaH ropHHHr 
HHHAa 6npra 3-ahm. Eoiuhmhh KyTapnG K,apacaM, 6np nairr 
OAaMjiapHHHr oeiqiapH Goiuhm y3pa TypnGAH. MeH KypK,H6 KeraG: 

- 3h Ajuiox,HHHr pocyjiH, arap ynap 3HraiiiH6 K,apamca, 6h3hh 
icypnG KOJiaAHJiap, - acahm. IIIyHAa Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy anaiixH 
Ba camiaM: 

- "TuHHJiauum 3ii A6y Eaap, ukku kuuiuhuhc ymmmicu 
Anno^dup! " - eKH 6oiiiK,a 6np na(J)3Aa - "Yhuhhucu Ajijiox, dyjizan 
ukku kuuiu x.aK,uda (puKpumu3 Kandau ail A6y EaKp?" - AeAHJiap. 

(Ca^H^H Eyxopiin: 1/516, 557). 

A6y Eaicp Chaahk, acyAa KypicnG kctah. JleKHH yHHHr 6y KypKHiiiH 

y3 acoHH ynyH GyjiMaii, 6ajiKH Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy ajiaiccH Ba 

camiaM ynyH 6yjiraH GyjinG, ^YAa x,a<J)a 6yjiH6, IlaiiFaMGap 

ajiaibcHccajiOMra : 

- Arap MeHH yjiAHpniiica, MeH oaahh 6np OAaMMaH. XyAO 
KypcaTMacHH, arap ch3 yjiApHJicaHrro GyryH yMMaT xanoK GyjiaAH,- 
AeAH. IIIyHAa Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM yHra: 

"/didei dueid, oodudneg, Aeeiu deg deedi dedddaed", - AeAHJiap. 

By epAa Ajijiox, y3 naiiFaM6apHHH y GnjiaH mcpoM icnjiraH 
Myt5KH3a coahp GyjiraH sah. TaticHGnHjiap yjiapra 6np Hena 
KaAaMjiap KOJiraHAa opTra icairraG xeTAHjiap. 

MaflMHa MyxiM y3pa 

Yh xyH TyxTOBCH3 AaBOM 3TraH KHAHpyB AOHpacHAarn aMajinap 

TyxTaG, TaticHG ajiaHracn cyHnG, JCypaiiiii HonKHpjiapHHHHr oeK, 

TOByuijiapn THHran, Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy ajiaibcn Ba camiaM 

6njiaH AycTjiapn MaAHHa Tapa(J)ra iiyjira HHiciimra TaiiepjiaHAHJiap. 

Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy ajiaiccH Ba camiaM Ba A6y Baxp Chaahk; 
Kypaiiiii KocJmpjiapH AHHHAa 6yjiraH AGAyJuiox h6h YpaiiKHT 
JlaiiCHH hcmjih 6np khihhhh iiyji KypcaTyBHHjiHKKa ejuiaraH 



273 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

SAHJiap. AGAyjmox, HyjiHH axihh GnjiaAHraH moxhp Hyn KypcaTyBHH 
3AH. y rapHH KO(J)Hp GyncaAa, yHra hihohhihhG, ca(J)apra mhhh6 
KeTaAHraH TyajiapHHH yHra TonmHpraHAHjiap Ba yn KyH^aH cyHr 
CaBp tofh onAHAa ynpauiHuira Ba yHHHHH KyHH AGAyjmox, h6h 
YpaHKHT hkkh Tya GnnaH yjiapmi KyTnG ojimiiHra BatAajiaiiiHiiiraH 
3AHJiap. 

X,H»cpHH 1- hhji PoGHHtyn aBBan OHHHHHr 1-ch AymaH6a KyHH, 
mhjioahh 622- hhjih 16- ceHraGpb OKmoMHAa AGAyjmox, TyanapHH 
ojihG xenAH. A6y Baxp yiiHAa MacjiaxaTjiamraH norn^a Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaMra: 

- OTa-OHaM CH3ra (J)hao GyjiCHH, 3h PocyjiamioxJ MaHa 6y hkkh 
Ty^maH Ghphhh ojiHHr,- p,e6 ynapAaH a<J)3ajiHHH nanraMGap 
ajiaHx,HCcajiOMra pynapa khjiah. Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba 
cajuiaM: - "Hapx,u 3ea3uea" - AeAHJiap. 

A6y BaKp Chaahkhhhf kh3h Acmo HKKOBjiapHHH ca(J)ap 
xajiTanapHHH ojihG KenAH. YHra Gofhh nn khjihihhh yHyiraH sah. 



274 



AppojjUKVJi MaxmyM 



fjlLJl tj^jll 



PocyjiyjuioxHHHr xjuKpaTjiapn xapnTacn 



A3 q*,jMq±\ 










275 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Yjiap KeTHinaeTraH HOFjiapHAa, cy(J)pa (ca<J)ap xajrra)HH GorjiaG 
KyiiHui ynyH GopraH Acmo yHHHr 6ofhhh HyKJiHrHHH KypAH. 
IIIyHAa y TacMaHH HKKHra GyjinG, Gnpn GnjiaH cy(J)paHH och6, 
hkkhhhhch GnjiaH yHH GorjiaG KyfiAH. IIIyHHHr ynyH xaM y "3othh 

HHTOKaHH", 5TBHH "hKKH 60FHH COXHGaCH" AC5I HOMJiaHAH. 

(Ca^H^H Eyxopiin: 1/553-55, H6h X,hihom: 1/486). 

Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM Ba A6y Eaicp Chaahk 
MaAHHara fiyji ojiAanap. Ynapra A6y EaicpHHHr nynoHH Oyxaiipa 
x,aM xaMpox, GyjiAH. A6AyJiJiox, h6h ypaH^HT Hyji KypcaraG 
GopyBHH 3jxa. H6h YpaHKHT ynapHH coxhji GyfinaG 6ouuia6 iceTAH. 
Yjiap Fop^aH HMKHuiran, AacrjiaG acaHyG HyHajiHiiiHra ilMaH tomoh 
HHKapHjiaG lopa 6oinjiaAHjiap. CyHr rapGra GypHjinG, OAaMjiap 
KDpHiura OAaTjiaHMaraH fiyji GnjiaH coxhji TOMOHra lopAHJiap. CyHr 
uiHMOJira GypHjinG, K^h3hji AeHrro coxhjih TOMOHra OAaM KaM 
ropaAHraH nyji GnjiaH lopAHJiap. PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijiajioxy ajiaiixH Ba 
canjiaM MaHa my ca(J)apjiapHAa 6och6 yrraH HyjuiapHHH K6h Hcxok 
y3 pHBO^THAa KyHHAarnna H(J)OAajiaraH: 

Hyji KypcaraG GopyBHH ynapHH MaKicaHHHr nacTHAaH ojihG 
yrnG, yc(J)OHAaH nacTpoKAarn iiyjiAaH icecnG yTH6, coxhji TOMOHra 
HHKAHjiap. CyHr ynapHH AMaacHHHr nacTpoFHAarn iiyjiAaH 

6ouiJia6, nyjiHH xecnG KyAaiiAAaH yTH6 kcthuiah. Hyn KypcaTyBHH 
ynapHH yuia epAaH Xappop tomoh 6oinjia6 KeTAii. CyHr AjiMoppa 
nyjiHAaH 6ouiJia6, JIhk;c|) iiyjiHra TyuiAiijiap. CyHr ynapHH 
JIhk^hhhf hhk;hui iiyjiHAaH ojih6 yrnG, Mnacoac HHK;aBepHuiHAa 
6np acofira GepKHTAii. y epAaH 3ca Mapacax,H Mnacox, iiyjiHra 
GouiJiaAH. CyHr 3yn Fa3BaiiHAaH GyjiraH MapacHx,ra, y epAaH 3hh 
Kauip HHKapHCHra, cyHr )KaAOAHAra, yHAaH AacpaAra, cyHr 
MaAJiaaca -Thi>xhh ypyFHHHHr AymManjiapHAaH GynraH 3y 
CanaMra, y epAaH AjitaeGnAra ojihG 6opAH. CyHr Ajib(J)05KaAaH 
ojihG yTn6, Antapacra ojihG TyiiiAii. CyHr PaicyGaHHHr yHr 
TOMOHHAaH Onp TOFjiapHra ojih6 6opn6, y epAaH Phbm ypyrnra 
ojihG TyuiAH. ynapHH y epAaH K^y6ora ojihG KennG KyiiAii. 

(H6hXhhiom: 1/491-492). 



l/lyji flaBOMMfla coflnp 6ynraH 6a~b3i/i-6Lip x,oflMcanap 



276 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Hmom ByxopHHHHHr A6y Baxp CnAAHKAaH KHjiraH pHBO^THAa y 
uiyHAafi achah: 

- Hyjira hhkh6, KenacH GnjiaH nyji k>pahk. 3pTacn KyHH xaM 
Kyem THKKara kcjihG, nyji HyjiOBHHjiapAaH 6yma6 KOJiryHHHa 
ropAHK. Hyjira xen khm fiyK; sah. Brora y30KAaH GanaHA GygjiH K05i 
toui xypHHAH. YHHHr cojich GyjinG, Kyem HypHAaH Tycn6 Typap 
3AH. Yuia touihh onAHra 6opn6 TyxraAHK. MeH Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba cajinaM AaM ojiHuuiapH ynyH epHH KyjiHM 
GnnaH TeKHCJiaG, jkoh x,03HpjiaAHM-Aa, y epra phaohh Tyma6: - 
YxjiaG asm ojiHHr sii Pocyjiajuiox,, MeH aTpo(J)HH Ky3aTn6 TypaMati! 
- RQjxftM. y khuih eraG yxnaAHJiap. MeH aTpo(J)HH Ky3aTn6 TypAHM. 
Enp nairr toui TOMOHra KyiiJiapHH xaiiAaG KejiaerraH 6np nynoHHH 
Kypn6 kojiahm. y xaM toui coachhh MyjiacanjiaG KejiaerraH sah. 
MeH yHra: - Khmhhhf nynoHHcaH 3ii 6ojia? - acahm. Y Ma^HHa 
eKH MaKKa ax,JiHAaH 6yjiraH 6np OAaMHHHr homhhh aiiTAH. MeH 
yHAaH: - K^yiuiapHHrHH cyTH 6opMH? - p,e6 cypaAHM. Y: - X,a, 
6op - Ae6 acaBoG 6epAH. MeH: - Brora cofh6 GepMaiicaHMH? - 
AeAHM. Y: - MaiijiH cofh6 GepaMaH - Ae6, 6np cobjihkhh yuuiaAH. 
MeH yHra: - Ejihhhhh TypnoK,, acyH Ba ax,jiaTjiapAaH T03a khji! - 
AeAHM. y 6np nejiaKKa KyiOK cyTAaH cofh6 6epAH. MeH^a cyB 
hhhui Ba TaxopaT ojihui ynyH MyjraajuiaG ojih6 onraH 6np hahui 
6op 3ah. CyTHH uiy HAHuira KyiuiG, PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijianoxy 
anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr onAHJiapHra ojih6 Gopahm. y khuih yxna6 
erraH SAHjiap, yiiFOTrHM KejiMaii, yiiFOHHuijiapHHH KyraG TypAHM. 
yiiFOHraHjiapHAa xajinrH cyTjin hahuihh ycTHAaH, coByTHui ynyH 
cyB KyiiAHM. CyHr PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba camiaMra: - 
CyTAaH HHHHr 3ii Pocyjiajuiox,! - acahm. y khuih cyTAaH HHAHjiap- 
Aa: - "jKynam eai^mu dynMaduMu?" - Ae6 cypaAHjiap. MeH: - X,a, 
BaKT GyjiAH - AeAHM. CyHr iiyjira OTJiaHAHK. (Ca^n^ii EyxopHH:l/510). 

2- A6y BaKp Chaahkhhhf OAaTH - y aohmo PocyjiyjiJiox, 
cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr opTjiapnAaH lopap sah. A6y 
BaKp Chaahk, ok,cok,oji KypHHHuiAa 6hjihhh6, PocyjiyjiJiox, 
cajijiajioxy anaiixH Ba camiaM sea eui KypiiHnG, ok,cokoji p,e6 
GnjiHHMac 3AHJiap. HyjiAa jjy*i KenraH 6np khuih A6y BaKp 
CnAAHK;ra: — CemiHr onAHHrAa KyTaerraH 6y OAaM khm? - p,e6 
cypaAH. A6y BaKp Chaahk; yHra: — By OAaM MeHHHr iryjiGourHHM,- 



277 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Ae6 acaBoG 6epAH. 3mHrraH OAaM KeTaerraH iiyjijiapHHH TymyHca, 
A6y Eaicp Chaahk xhaoat, 5ixiiihjihk iiyjiHHH Ha3apAa Tyra6 
aHTAHJiap. (Ca^H^H Eyxopnii: 1/556). 

3- Ca<J)apHHHr 2- eKH 3- KyHH ynap YMMy MatGaA Xy30HHa 
hcmjih aejiHHHr hoahph eHHra eraG GopAHJiap. YnapHHHr TypraH 
acoHjiapn KyAaiiA HOx,H5iCHAarH Mymajuiaji AeraH >koh GyjinG, 
MaxxaAaH 130 km. y30iqiHKAa 3AH. YMMy MatGaA KaTtiiHTjiH, 
uiHacoaTjiH 6np aen GyjinG, hoahph ojiAHAa ypaHnG yrapap Ba yTraH 
KeTraHjiapra cyB Ba TaoM Gepap 3-ah. Ynap YMMy MatGaAAaH: 

- CeHAa 6npop HapcaHr 6opMH? - Ae6 cypaAHjiap. YMMy 
Mat6aA: 

- Arap 6n3Aa 6npop Hapca GynraHHAa, CH3JiapHH My3Tap khjihG 
KyiiMac 3Ahm. K^HuijiOKJiap x,aM Kyiijiap x,aM 6yM-6ym,-AeAH. Illy 
hhji KyproKHHjiHK hhjih GyjiraH 3ah. PocyjiyjiJiox, cajuianoxy 
anaibcH Ba cajuiaM hoahp HeTHAarn Kyftra nmopa khjih6, 

- "Mima 6y KfmaKfimu nyu 3ii YMMy Mwbdad?" - AeAHJiap. 

- X,ojiCH3JiHrH ca6a6jiH noAaAaH aacpaTnG KOJiAHpnjiraH Kyn, - 
AeAHy. 

- 3b£ <y*^i J* - 

- "Ynum cym-nymu 6opMU?" — AeAHJiap. YMMy MatGaA: 
-YHAa cyT KaepAaH GyjiCHH, y3H 3ypra TypnGAH-icy?! - 

AeAH. 

-"Mema pyx,cam 6epacaHMU, ynu cozcum?" — AeAHJiap. YMMy 
Mat6aA: 

- X,a, OTa- OHaM crora (J)hao 6yjiCHH! Arap yHAa cyT 6op ne6 
6HjicaHrH3 cora KOJiHHr! - AeAH. PocyjiyjiJiox, cajuianoxy ajiaiix,H Ba 
canjiaM KyiiHHHr cjihhhhh Kyjuiapn GnjiaH cnjia6, Ajuiox,HiiHr 
iicmiihii THjira ojiii6, Ayo KHjiAHjiap. J^yHHHHr ejiHHH Tyjin6, 
cyTjiapn OK,a 6ouijiaAH. PocyjiyjiJiox, cajuianoxy ajiairxn Ba canjiaM 
yHAaH KarrapoK; iiahih ojiiiG KejiiimiiHii cypaAHjiap. Yuia iiAHiiira 
cyT cora GomjiaAHJiap, hahui Tyjin6, cyTHiiHr KyniiKjiapii iiAHiiiAaH 
touiiiG xeTAH. PocyjiyjiJiox, cajuianoxy ajiairxu Ba canjiaM yHii MeHra 
GepAHJiap. MeH cyT iihiiG TyiiAHM. CyHr x,aMpox,jiapHiiHr 
x,aMMajiapn cyT iihiiG TyiiAHJiap. CyHr y3Jiapn x,aM iiHAHjiap. CyHr 



278 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

hkkhhhh MapTa cofh6, hahihhh TyjiAHp AHjiap . CyHr y cyTHH yMMy 
Mat6aAHHHr OAHAa k;ojiahph6, nyjira TyuiAHK. OpaAaH xen KaHHa 
BaKT yTMafi, 3Tnapn cyarnra enniiiHG KerraH, 3ypra k>ph6 
KenaHTraH opns; KyH-3HKHjiapHH xaiiAaG, YMMy MatGaAHHHr spn 
KennG kojiah. HAHiiiAarn cyrjiapHH icypnG, jiony xaiipoH KOJiraH 3p 
aaca6jiaHH6: 

- yfiAa cofhh CHrnpHHr 6yjiMaca, KyiiHHHr cyTH 6yjiMaca, 6y 
cyTHH KaepAaH onAHHr? - acah. YMMy MatGaA: 

- HyX XyAO xaKKH, hoahphmh3 eHHAaH 6np MyGopax khihh yraG 
KOjiah. YHHHr rannapHra Kypa, myHAaH-myHAaH, xpnaTjiapn 
uiyHAaH-uiyHAaH, - p,ea TatpH^jiafi kctah YMMy MatGaA. 3pn sea: 

- XpH-HaxoH 6y OAaM, KypaHiHjiHKjiap Hcra6 iopraH OAaM Gynca 
Kepax? 3h YMMy MatGaA, yHHHr CHcJjaTjiapHHH MeHra 6npMa 6np 
airraG 6ep-HH! - acah. YMMy MatGaA khto6hmh3 oxnpHAa 6aeH 
KHjiHHraH, Pocyjiyjinox, cajuianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajinaMHHHr 
CH(J)aTjiapH x,ai<;HAa KaHAafi aHTHjiraH Gynca, y khihhhh uiyHAafi 
TaT>pHc[)na6 6epAH. TatpHcJmH suiHTraH A6y MatGaA: 

- XyAO xaKKH, 6y yma KypaHiHjiHKjiap Tat^nG k;hjih6 K>praH yina 
OAaMHHHr xyAAH y3H. K^ypaHmjiHKjiap yHHHr xaKTiAa xyAAH 
uiyHAan rannapHH anTHinraH 3AHjiap. Y GnnaH xaMcyx6aT 
GyjiHiiiHH KyHrjiHMra Tyrn6 KyiiraH sahm. Arap y OAaMra Hyn 
ToncaM, ajiGarra xaMcyxGaT GynaMaH, - acah. 

MaxxaAa spTa TOHrAa, GanaHA OB03Aa KyHHAarn MHcpanapHH 
y^HraH obo3 aHrpaAH. JleKHH obo3 sracHHH xen khm KypMaAH. 

A"t\i i ,jj2j /<ul4| (Ja nisi j Aj MajjI j jjJLi V jj UA 

jjjLi j ,_$ JIaj V jUi £>* 4j .<v, auI ,_$ jj La w '^»^ La 

Ja^j^j (jji» jaII U JsIa j -^"'" a <jLSj» i_a£ ^ii <j$jJ 

1$ *■*' sUiiijiLuu ^ji j»sjii ig^-Ji j i^jUi (jc - < "'^' ijiui 

YMMy Mohdad xaujuacuea MeyjuoH dy/iean ukku dycmza 
Apui Po66ucu dyjieau Ajijiox; MyKCXpomjiap amo smcim. 
Vnap RxiMUMiK dunan Kenud, rxuiujiuk dunan Kemdunap. 
MyxoMMadaa dycm dyjiean kuiuu, deeyjuon uajfcom monyp. 
3u Eauy Kycaii, Ajijiox cmjiapdcm dejuucji ynymuzy, 
0a3UJiamjiap Ka6u utujiapmi xapzu3, dapuz mymjuadu. 
Eauy Kah6y3 ^u3JiapuHum MapmadacuH i^ymjiacuHJiap. 



279 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Vhuhz moman Mopmadacu MpMumap ynyn udpamiiudup. 
Cuhzjiuhzu3huhz vyimapu-K) uduuiudaH cypamjiap. 
Azap vyiidcm cypaccmzm, yHumy3u x,cim eyeoyjiUK 6epyp. 
A6y Eaicp CHAAHKHHHr kh3h Acmo myHAaH achah: 

- Bh3 Pocyjiyjinox, camiajioxy ajiaibcn Ba cajuiaMHHHr K,aHCH 
TOMOHra xapa6 KeTraHjiapHHH GnjiMac 3ahk. BaHorox, acHHjiapAaH 
GyjiraH Gnp khihh MaKKaHHHr Kynn TOMOHHAaH KejraG, K>K,opHAarH 
uietp MHcpanapHHH GanaHA obo3 GnjiaH yKHAH. OAaMjiap OB03HHHr 
opTHAaH spramnG, KyjiOK conap 3AHJiap. JleKHH x,en khm obo3 
aracHHH KypMaAH. V MaKKaHHHr K>K,opH Tapac[)HAaH hhkhG kctah. 
Bh3 GyH^aH Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijiajioxy ajiaibcH Ba cajinaMHHHr K,aepra 
KeTraHjiapHHH Ba y KHuiHHHHr Ma^HHa TOMOHra nyn onraHjiapHHH 
6hjih6 ojiahk. 

(3o/iyji Mao^:2/53-54, X,okhm MycTa/ipaKH: 3/9-10, 
BaroBHH Elap^HC cyHHa: 13/264). 
4- Hyn^a ynapHHHr H3JiapHAaH CypoK,a h6h Mojihk TymflH. 
CypoKaHHHr y3H 6y BOKetaHH myHAan 3CJiaHAH: 

— V3 k^bmhm 6yjiMHin, BaHy MyAJiam MaacjiHCJiapHAaH Gnpn^a 
yrnpraH 3-ahm. Bnp khuih TenaMH3ra KennG: — 3h CypoK,a, MeH 
x,03np cox,HHAa 6np Hena OAaMjiapHHHr KopacHHH KypAHM. Ynap 
Myx,aMMaA Ba ymiHr mepHKjiapH Gyjica KepaK, - acah. Ehjiahmkh, 
ynap aHHK; ymajiap. JleKHH MeH cnpHH 6oh GepMaii yHra: — CeH 
anTaeTraH OAaMjiap ynap 3Mac. CeH (J)ajiOHHH, cjjajiOHHH Ba 
(J)ajiOHHHjiapHH KypraHcaH. Ynap x,03nprHHa Ky3 0JiAHMH3AaH yraG 
KeTAHjiap, - AeAHM. Bnp coaTjiap naMacn MaacjiHCAa yrapnG, cyHr 
ynra khpahm. Knpa cojihG, nypn KH3ra othh ojih6 hhkhihhh Ba yHH 
aApHHHr opTHra ojih6 6opn6, yma epAa MeHH KyTn6 TypnuiKHH 
GyiopAHM. Han3aMHH KyJiHMra ojiAHM-Aa, yHH opK,a khcmh GnjiaH 
ymjiaG, yHHHHr opK,a suinrHAaH HHKAHM-Aa, HaroaHHHr ynn GnjiaH 
epHH hh3h6 lopa GomjiaAHM. OTHMHHHr ojiAHra uiy KyMn Gopahm- 
Aa, yHH mhhhG, Te3Jiam ynyH HHKraAHM. Othh ynnpnG, x,ajiHrH 
aifrraH OAaMjiapra jiKHHjiaiiiAHM. Othm TypTHHnG, MeHH hhkhthG 
K)6opAH. YpHHMAaH TypnG, KyJiHMHH KHHOHa (yKAOH)ra ny3AHM Ba 
yHAaH a3JlOM (<}>qji ona/iHraH Hynnap)HH HHK,apAHM. Yjiapra 3apap 
eTKa3HuiHM eKH eTKa3MacjiHrHM x,ai<;HAa a3JiOM GnnaH (J)oji ohahm. 
OojiHMAa MeH HCTaraH Hapca HHKMaAH. OnraH (J)OJiHMra aMan 
KHjiMaft, aHa OTHMra mhhhG, yHH yma OAaMjiap TOMOHra yHAaAHM. 



280 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Yjiapra 5iK;HHJiaiiiAHM. X,aTro Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy ajiairxn Ba 
cajinaMHHHr KHpoaTjiapHHH sihhtahm. y khihh x,en qk,k,& KapaMafi 
KyptOH THjiOBaTH ktijihG 6opap, A6y Eaicp Chaahk 3ca x,ap Tapa(J)ra 
anaHrjiaG 6opap 3AHJiap. Ynapra 5iK;HHJiaiiiraHHMAa othmhhhf ojiah 
oeiyiapn TH33acHrana epra 6oth6 KeTAH. MeH ot ycrHAaH epra 
hhktijiahm. CyHr ypHHMAaH TypAHM Ba OTHMra 3aacp ktijihG, yHHHr 
oeKJiapHHH 3ypra HHK;apH6 ojiahm. OraHHr oeiqiap epAaH 
cyrypHjinG, thk GyjiraH x,aM sahkh, ot Tyeiqiapn H3HAaH naHr 
hhk;h6, xyAAH TyTyH icaGn ocMOHra tomoh TapajiAH. MeH una 
a3JiOM GnnaH (J)oji ohahm. ilHa MeH HcraMaraH Hapca, atHH 3apap 
6epMacnHK hhk;ah. MeH yjiapra omohjihkhh aHrnaTyB OB03HAa 
hhao khjiahm. Yjiap TyxTaAHJiap. OTHMra mhhh6, ynapHHHr ojiAHra 
GopAHM. MeH ynapHH ymjiaMOKHH 6yjin6 6opraH HOFHMAa nyn 
KenraH xoAHcanapHH GouiAaH KeHHpraHHMAa xaejiHMra - 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba cajinaMHHHr Huijiapn Te3 opaAa 
3a(J)ap K030HaAH, AeraH yn KejiAH. MeH Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy 
ajiairxn Ba canjiaMra: — K^aBMHHni3 CH3HHHr 6ouiHHrH3ra ah&i 
GejirnjiaAH - AeAHM-Aa, 6op rannapHH yjiapra cy3Jia6 GepAHM. CyHr 
MeH yjiapra 03yK;a Ba iiyji ynyH 6ai>3H HapcanapHH TaxjiHtJ) stahm. 
Yjiap MeHHHr TaKjiH(J)HMHH K;a6yji KrijiHiiiMaAH Ba MeHAaH x,en 
Hapca cypauiMaAH x,aM. OaKaTrHHa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiairxn 
Ba canjiaM: 

— "Ky3UMU3ddH uupoK, 6yn!" — AeAHJiap. MeH y KHuiHAaH y3HM 
ynyH omohjihk xaTH e3n6 GepmiuiapHHH cypaAHM. riaiiFaMGap 
anaiixHCcajiOM Omhp h6h Oyxaiipara GyiopAHJiap. y MeHra 6np 
napna Tepnra omohjihk xaTH 6hth6 GepAH. CyHr Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijianoxy ajiaiixn Ba canjiaM y3 iiyjijiapHAa AaBOM 3TAHjiap. 

(Ca^ro^n Eyxopiin: 1/554, 3o/ryji Mao/i:253). 

A6y Eaicp CnAAHKAaH KruiHHraH pHBO^nra Kypa, y myHAaii achah: 

— Bh3 iiyjira hhk;ahk. K^bm 6h3hh Tai.K;H6 ktijihG xenapAH. Brora 

yjiapAaH CypoKa h6h Mojihk h6h JKytmyMAaH 6ouiK;a xen khm 

cth6 onojiraHH iryK;. CypoKa y3 OTHAa 6n3ra jiKTiHJiaiiiHG kojiah. 

- By 6h3hh Tat^nG k;hjih6 KejiyBHHjiapAaH, Grora aKHHjiauiHG 
KOjiah, 3h Pocyjianjiox! - acahm. 



281 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

-"/didei dueid, oodudneg, Aeeiu deg deedi dedddaed" - neAHJiap. 

(Ca^H^H Eyxopiin: 1/516). 

CypoKa opTiira KaiiTAii. Hyjina Tat^iiG k;iijiii6 KejiaeiraH 
OAaMjiapra pyn KejiiiG, ynapra: 

- By TOMOHjiapAaH xa6ap ojiiiG KenaanMaH, 6y eiqiapra 
GopHiujiapHHrra x,oacaT TkyK}.-ji,Qjxa. CypoKa KymiiiHr 6npiiHHii 
apMiina HKKanacHHH Tai>K;ii6 k;iijiii6, ymjiaMOKHii 6yjin6 KejiiiG, 
iikkiihhii KiiCMiina 3ca ynapra x.hmoahh- KypiiKHiira aiijiaHAii 
KOJIAH. 

(3o/iyji Maoa : 2/53). 

5- Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM iiyjiAa EypaiiAa ii6h 
XycaiiG AcjiaMiiii 6njiaH ynpamiiG MyjiOKOT KiumiiJiap. V 6njiaH 
6npra 80ra jik;iih xoHaAOH 6op 3-ah. yjiapmiiir Gapnanapii Hcjiomhii 
KaGyji k;iijiii6, MycyjiMOH 6yjmnjiap. Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy ajiaiixii 
Ba canjiaM y epna oxiiprii xycjxroH HaM03iiHii yKiinHjiap. K^bm x,aM y 
KHiiiHHHHr opKanapiina HaM03 yi<;HAH. BypaiiAa y3 lopTiina KaBMii 
6njiaH 6npra kojiah. YxyA acaHriinaii KeiiiiHriiHa Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijianoxy ajiaiix,H Ba canjiaMHiiHr xy3ypjiapnra Kenan. AGnynnox 
ii6h EypaHnanaii KHniiHraH piiBOjrrna y: 

- Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaM axuiii Hiurr-yMiin, 
KiinraH 3Aiijiap. KyHjiapHiiHr Giipiina Eypaiina ii6h XycaiiG y3 
flKiiHnapiinaH GyjiraH 80 Ha(J)ap OTniiiqiap GnjiaH GiipraniiKna iiynra 
hiikah. YjiapHiiHr x,aMMajiapn EaHy Cax,M ypyFiinaH 3n,nnap. 
OTjiiiKJiap iiynna Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaMra 
pynapa 6ynnnnap. Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaM 
EypaHnanaii : - "Cen KUMdancaH?" - ne6 cypaniinap. EypaiiAa: - 
MeH AcnaM K,a6iinaciinaHMaH,- ne6 acaBoG 6epnn. Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaM A6y Baxpra: 

-"CaJioMam-OMOH %ojiduK!"-jj,ejj,nnap. CyHr EypaiiAara: - 
"Kumhuhc ypyzudaucaH?"- nenHnap. Y: - EaHy CaxMnaH-neG 
acaBoG 6epnn. Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaM: - 
"Oojium myzpu HUKjbu " - nenHnap. 

6- Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaM Apac epiinarii 
5Kyxc[)a GnjiaH Xapma ypTaciina 6ynraH K^axnaBOTnarii A6y Abc 
ii6h X,aacap eicii A6y TaMiiM Abc ii6h X,aacap AcnaMiiiiHiiHr eHiinaH 
yTAHjiap. Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaM A6y Eaicp 
CiiflfliiK; GnjiaH 6np Tyjira MiiHrauiiiG onraH sniinap. 



282 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

X,aMpox,napHAaH 6at3iijiapii opK,aAa K,ojiiimraH 3ah. Abc 
Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHii 6np Karra Tyara 
MiiHAiipiiG, ynapra y3iiHiiHr MactyA hcmjiii xii3MaTKopiiHii xaM 
KymuG 6epAH. Abc ynapHH Ky3aTaeTii6, y3 ryjiOMiira: 

- YnapHH y3HHr GiuiraH xmiBaT iiyjijiap 6njiaH 6omjia6 GopniH, 
ynapAaH xapnc aacpanMarHH! - p,ea TaiiiiHjiaAii. MactyA ynapHH 
6ouiJia6, MaAHHara ojih6 GopAii. CyHr Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy 
ajiaiixH Ba caiuiaM MactyAHH Tyjicn GnnaH 6npra y3 x,oacacHra 
K,airrapn6 K)6opAHjiap. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM 
MactyAra, ABcra 6opn6 TyaciiHiiHr 6yiiHiira OTHiiHr HiiuiOHaciiHii 
Genrii k,iijiii6 KyiiiiiiiiiHii,- airnimiiHii GyiopAiiJiap. V Genrii iiKKiiTa 
xajiK;a 6yjin6, ynapHH ypTaciiHii 6np Giipiira 6orjia6 KyjiAH. By 
Genrii ynapHiiHr HiiuiOHajiapii GyjiaAii. 

MyuipiiKjiap YxyA KyHiiAa KejiaerraH norjiapiiAa, Abc y3 ryjiOMii 
MactyA h6h XyHaiiAaHii MyuipiiKjiap xa6apiiHii eTKa3iiui ynyH 
Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaMHiiHr ojiAHJiapiira niieAa 
acyHaTAii. H6h Moxyjio Hmom TaGapiiiiAaH K,njiraH piiBOflTiira 
xypa: 

y Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba camiaM MaAHHara 
KenraHjiapiiAaH xeiiiiH hhmoh Kejrrnpii6 MycyjiMOH 6ynraH Ba 
Apac^a 5iiiia6 TypraH 3 ah. 

(Ycy/iHFo6a: 1/173, H6hXhhiom: 1/491). 

7- Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiix,ii Ba camiaM PiitM K;a6njiacnra 
eTraHjiapiiAa, iiyjiAa 3y6aiipra pyn KejmHJiap. 3y6aiip 
MycyjiMOHjiapAaH TaiiiKHji TonraH KapBOHAa 6yjin6, ynap HIoMAaH 
KejiiiuiaeTraH caBAorapnap SAHJiap. 3y6aiip my epAa Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajijianoxy ajiaiix,ii Ba camiaM 6njiaH A6y Eaicp CHAAHK,K,a aHrii ok; 
KHHHM KHHAlipAH. (Ca^H^H Eyxopirfi: 1/554). 

Ky6ora Tyiimiujiapu 

HyGyBBaTHiiHr 14- hhjih, x,nacpaTHiiHr 1- hhjih PoGiiHtyji-aBBan 
oiiiiHiiHr 8- AymaHGa KyHii, mhjioahh 622- hhji, 23- ceHT?i6pb 
Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy ajiaiix,ii Ba camiaM KyGora xejiiiG 

TyiHAHJiap. (Po^MaTaH-jiHJitojiaMHHH: 1/102). 

XyAAH my KyHii Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy ajianxn Ba canjiaMHiiHr 
euijiapii ponna-poca 53 ra TyjiAii. Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba 
canjiaMHii Oiiji BOKetaciiHiiHr 41- hhjih, Po6iiih>yji-aBBaji oiiiiHiiHr 
9- KyHii naiiFaMGapjiiiK mapacjmra Myaccap GyjiraHjiap p,e6 x,nco6 

283 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KHjiyBHHjiap x,HCo6nra Kypa naiiFaMGapjiiiKjiapiira ponna-poca 13 
hhji Tyji^H. Ammo PocyjiyjiJiox cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHii 
Oiiji BOK;ei.acHHHHr 41- hiijiii PaMa30H oiiiiAa naiiFaMGapjiiiK 
uiapa(J)Hra Myaccap Gyjiramiap AeiOBHiinap xncoGiira Kypa, 
naHFaMGapjiHKnapura 12 hhji 5 ony 18 eicii 22 xyH TyjiAH. 

yPBA HBH 3YEAHP inyHflafi AeiiAii: 

-MaAHHaAarn MycyjiMOHjiap PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr MaKKaAaH HiiKK;aHjiapiiHii sihhtiiG, x,ap KyHii 3pTajia6, 
KyriiG ojiiiih ynyH Xappara 6opn6, ynapHiiHr KejiiimjiapiiHii KyriiG 
Typap 3AHJiap. IleiiiiiH 6yjin6, xaBO ncn6 xeTran, yiijiapiira K,airrn6 
KenapAHJiap. KymiapHiiHr GiipiiAa ynap KyTa-xyTa, oxiipii 
KyTHiujiapH Hy3iuiii6 xeTran, yiijiapiira K,airrn6 KeTAiuiap. 
KyTyBHHjiap yii-yiijiapiira KiipiiG KeTiimraH, jixyAHiijiapAaH 6np 
kiiihii y3HHHHr 3apypaTii Ty(J)aHjiH K,ajii>ajiapAaH 6npiiHiiHr 
Tenaciira hiikii6, aTpo(J)ra K,apaAH. BaHorox, y30KAaH KejiaerraH 
PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaM Ba yHiiHr acxoGjiapiiHii 
Kypn6 kojiah. Ynap y30KAaH OK,apiimii6, KypiiHiiG-KypiiHMaii xenap 
3AHJiap. i!x,yAHH y3HHH TyTn6 TypojiMafi, 6ajiaHA obo3 6njiaH: 

- Xy-y apaGnap, 3inirrMaAHM AeMaHrnap! Cirenap iiHTireop 6yjin6 
KyTaeTraH 6o6ojiapiiHrii3 Kejiajuroi-ii-ii! - Aea GaKHpAii. 
MycyjiMOHjiap Kypon-acjiaxajiapii tomoh hoiiiiiiiaii. Ynap 
KypojuiapiiHii TaKiimiiG, 6np GiipjiapiiAaH y3iimii6, AjuioxHiiHr 
pocyjiH iiK,6ojinra momiijiAiijiap. IHyHAaii khjiiiG, ynap PocyjiyjiJiox, 
cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHii Xappa TaiiiKapiiciiAa KyriiG 

OJlAHJiap. (Ca^HX,H Eyxopnii: 1/555). 

HBHYJI K;OHHHM inyHflafi AeiiAii: 

BaHy Amp ii6h Ab(J) epjiapiiAa moBKHH-cypoiiy, TaicGiip 
caAOJiapn jiHrpaAH. MycyjiMOHjiap IIaiiFaM6ap ajiaiixiiccajiOMHiiHr 
KejiHuijiapHAaH moAJiaiiiiG, TaicGiip airrap SAHjiap. Ynap 
PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba canjiaMHii KyTii6 ojihui ynyH 
HiiKKaH SAHjiap. PocyjiyjiJiox cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaMHii 
ojiKiiuiy TaxGiipjiap 6njiaH KyTiiG ojiAHjiap. OAaMjiap PocyjiyjiJiox 
cajijianoxy ajiaiixii Ba cajuiaMHHHr aTpo(J)jiapiiAa napBOHa 6yjin6, 
ypa6 onraH 3Aiijiap. PocyjiyjiJiox cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba canjiaMHii 
caKiiHaT-xoTiipacaMjiiiK sramiaG onraH 6yjin6, aiiHii my naiiTAa y 
Kiimiira BaxHH ho3iiji GyjiaeTraH 3 ah. 



284 



(4) j-^k kiiii j& i&k»l\j &~*jti\ M^i Ji^ri Wj* 3* illt oil . . . . 

...uiaK-uiy6x,acH3 Ajuiox,HHHr Y3H x,aM, >Ka6pon.i x,aM, ax,jin 
cojihx, MyMHHjiap x,aM yHHHr ivia/ia/iKopii/iiip.iap. HHa, 
SyjiapaaH iveiiini (papmiJTa.iap x,aM (naiiFaM6apra) epaaiviHHflHp. 

(TaxpHM:4-AaH), (3o/ryji Mao/i:2/54). 
yPBA HBH 3YBAHP uiyHAafi jieiiw: 

MaAHHa ax,jiH Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHH 

KyTn6 ojihihah Ba ynapHH yHr TOMOHra 6omjia6, BaHy Amp h6h 

Ab(J) KaBMHra TymnpAHjiap. By KyH PoGHiyji-aBBaji ohhhhhf 

AymatiGa KyHH bah. A6y Baxp Chaahk thk TypnG, OAaMjiap GnjiaH 

cypoK;->KaBo6 khjiah. Pocyjiyjuiox cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba caiuiaM 3ca 

cyxyT caiqia6 yrapAHnap. Xajm Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba 

cajinaMHii KypMaraH aHCopnap kcjihG, A6y Baxp Chaahk 6miaH 

cajiOM-aniiK Kiinap 3AHjiap. IIaHFaM6ap ajiaiix,iiccajiOMra Kyern Hypn 

Tern6, o(J)To6Aa KOJiAHJiap. A6y Eaicp Chaahk Kejin6, y Kimiiira 

Phaoch 6njiaH coa khjih6 TypAH. IHyHAarHHa OAaMjiap Pocyjiyjinox, 

cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHii TaHiiAHjiap. (CaxnxH ByxopHfi: 1/555). 

MaAHHa axJiiiHHHr xaMMacH KyTn6 ojiiiih ynyH Pocyjiyjinox 

cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba canjiaMHHHr ncTHK6ojijiapiira HHi^aH 3AHjiap. 

MaAHHa TapnxHAa 6aHAaii uiOAneHa KyH 6yjiraH 3Mac 3ah. 

ilxyAHHjiap XaGicyK naiiFaM6apHHHHr GamopaTH TacAHFHHH y3 

Ky3Jiapn GnjiaH Kypn6 Typap SAHJiap. BauiopaTAa inyHAan 

AeiiHjiraHAH: 

"IIIaK-iny6x,acH3 Ajijiox, TniiMOHAaH. >Kii6piiji 3ca €>opoH 
TOFJiapHAaH KejlAH". (X;a6K;yK caxn(})acii:3/3). 

Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba camiaM K^yGoAa KancyM h6h 
X,aAMHHKHra TyuiAHJiap. Bai.3Hjiap: - CatA h6h XaiicaMaHHKHra 
TyuiraHjiap, - achhihah. ABBanrHCH coGnTpoKAHp. 

Ajihh h6h A6y TojihG po3Hajuioxy aHxy Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy 
ajiaiixH Ba camiaM hhkh6 KeTraHjiapHAaH kchhh MaicicaAa yn KyH 
Typn6, Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHHHr OAaMjiapAaH 
GyjiraH OMOHaTjiapHHH y3 sra-sranapHra TonuinpAH. IIIyHAaH cyHr 
nneAa xnacpaTra hhkhG, Pocyjiyjinox cajuiajioxy ajiaiixn Ba camiaM 
KyGora KejiraHjiapHAa, opK,ajiapHAaH cth6 KejiAHjiap. y xaM 
KancyM h6h XaAMHHKHra TyuiAH. 



285 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

(H6h X,hihom: 1/493, 3o/iyji Mao/i: 2/54). 

H6h Hcx,ok; piiBOjrriira xypa: Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiix,H Ba 
canjiaM K^yGoAa 4 xyH TypAiinap - AymaiiGa, cemaiiGa, HopmaiiGa Ba 
nafiuiaHGa Kymiapii. Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaibcn Ba canjiaM 6y 
xyHjiap acHOCHAa MaoiciiAii K^yGora acoc cojiAiuiap Ba yH^a HaM03 
y KHAHJiap . (H6h X,nmoM : 1 /494) . 

Cax,Hx,H ByxopHHAa Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiix,ii Ba 
canjiaMHiiHr MacaciiAii J^yGoAa 24 KyH Typramiapii (Ca^ic^n 
Byxopnii: 1/560) KejiTiipiuiraH. HGiiyji K^ohhiim x,aM uiyHii iixTiiep 
KiinraH. 

Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaMHiiHr y3jiapn MacaaiAii 
KyGora Tyuiiiuuiapii Aymaii6a KyHii 6yjin6, y ep^aH HiiKiiuuiapii 
acyMa KyHii GyjiraHiiHii aHiiK; aihraiuiap. (3o^yji Mao/i: 2/54). 
MacaciiAii K^y6o -naiiFaMGapjiiiK GomjiaiiraHiiAaH 6yeH TaKBora 
acocaH KypiinraH 3Hr GiipiiHHii Mac>Kiifl 6yjin6 kojiah. 

Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy ajiaibcn Ba canjiaM Torajiapii GyjiMiim 
BaHy Haacacop KaBMiira OAaM io6opraHAiijiap, ynap KiijiiinjiapiiHii 
TaKKaH xonjiapiiAa xejiiiG, aTpo(J)jiapiiAa y kiiihiihii Kypina6 
GopAiiJiap. IlaiiuiaHGa exii acyivia KyHii 6yjiran, Pocyjiyjuiox, 
cajijianoxy ajiaiix,ii Ba canjiaM A6y Eaicp Ciiaaiikhii opKanapiira 
MiiHAiipiiG ojiiiG, iiyjira TyuiAiijiap. 5KyMba HaM03ii Baicriira BaHy 
Cojiiim ii6h Ab(J) KaBMiira eTii6 KejiAiinap. Boahh HHicapiiciiAarii 
MacaaiAAa ynap 6njiaH 6nprajiiiKAa DKyMta HaM03iiHii yKiiAiinap. 
IIIyHAa 5KyMba HaM03iiHii yKiiramiap 100 kiiihii 6ynraH 3 ah. 
MaflMHara KMpnujjiapn 

^KyMta HaM03iiHii yi(;ii6 Gyjiran, Pocyjiyjuiox, cajijianoxy anaiixH 
Ba canjiaM iiyjijiapiiHii AaBOM 3TTiipAiijiap-Aa, MaAiiHara Kiipn6 
GopAiijiap. XyAAH my KyHAaH 6ouuia6, ilcpn6 inaxpn "MaAiiHaii 
Pocyn" Ae6 HOMjiaHa GouijiaAii. Yhii KiicKana k;hjih6, MaAiiHa p,e6 
lopiiTiina GouiJiaHAii. By KyH 3Hr ynyr, uiOAiieHa KyH GyjujH. 
Kynanapy yiuiap xarvmy-caHO Ba TacGex OB03JiapiiAaH nap3ara 
Kejin6 xeTAii. AHCopjiapHHHr kh3 Ba acyBOHjiapii acyna Karra 
xypcaHAHiijiiiK 6njiaH KyiiiHiqiap aiiTHiiiAH: 

fjj Hi lc J U LJJfr jiwil ijaj 

Oil Hui^du 6u3ea, CaHuimmyji Badotdan. 

286 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Bojtcud 6yjidu uiyiqp i^ujiutu 6u3Jiapea, 

Ajuio^ynyH 6up datearrmu na^upusudcm. 

3u 6u3Jiap?a Todopuman IlausaMdap, 

Cu3 umoamnu uimhu ojiu6 Kendumm. 

AHCopnap rapnii yra GanaBnaT 6ynMacanap-na, ynapHiiHr x,ap 

6npnapn Pocynynnox cannanoxy anaiixii Ba cannaMHii y3 yiiiira 

TymiimnapiiHii HCTapAH. Pocynynnox cannanoxy anaiixii Ba cannaM 

aHCopnapHHHr Kan GiipiiHii yibi onAiinaii yrcanap, y TyjinapiiHii 

aciinoBiinaii yuijiaG: 

- KejiHHr 6ii3HiiKiira Tymiiiir, xhmoji, Kypon-acnaxa, xaMMacii 
Tafiep. IIIaBKaTjiapra iceniiHrl-neji enGopiimapnii. Pocyjiyjinox, 
cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba cannaM yjiapra: 

- "HynuHU mycMamnap, nyuKU y dytopunzaudup," - nep 

3Aiijiap. 

Tya acTa-acTa oniiMnaG 6opap 3ah. y to xo3iiprn KyHnarii 
"MacaaiAii Ha6aBiiii"HiiHr ypHiirana K>pn6 6opnn-na, epra nyicnH. 
Pocynynnox cannanoxy anaiixii Ba camiaM Tya ycTiinaH TyuiMaii 
yTiipAiijiap. y ypHiinaH TypiiG 03riiHa lopnii. CyHr 6ypnjin6, 5iHa 
aBBanrii acoiiiira K;airni6 iceniiG nyicnH. By acoii Toranapii GyjiMiiui, 
BaHy Haacacop KaBMiira Teriimnii sjxa. yjiap ynyii 6y AnnoxHiiHr 
TaB(J)iiK;ii 6ynnn. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba camiaM 
TorajiapiiHiiHr acoiijiapiira TymiiG, ynapHii MyxappaM k;iijimok;hii 
acynaflM xoxnaraH sniinap. Onaivinap Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy 
anairx,n Ba canjiaMHii y3 yiinapiira TaKjiiitJ) Kiijia Gomnaniinap. A6y 
AiiioG AHCopiiii uiouiiijiiiG 6opn6 Pocyjiyjinox cajijianoxy anaiixii 
Ba canjiaMHiiHr lOKjiapiiHii y3 yiiiira onn6 Kiipnii. Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba camiaM: 

-. ^j t 4 *j*& - 

- "Kuuiu y3 wmiapu dunan 6upea 6ynadu", - nep 3AHJiap. 
Actan h6h 3ypopa iceniiG, eiinapiina TypraH TyanapiiHii aciinoBiinaii 
yuiJiaAH. (H6h Xhiiiom: 1/494-96, 3o^yji MaoA:2/55). 

AHac po3iiajuioxy aHxynaii KiiniiHraH piiB05rrna Pocyjiyjinox 
cajijianoxy anaiixii Ba cannaM: 

_. sIjjSi tii&i djii i$\ - 



287 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

- "YunapHum K,aii 6upu xigiHpoq, yma yuza myiuaMU3!" - 

AeAHJiap. HlyHAa A6y Ahk>6 Aiicopiiii: 

- MeH, 3H PocyjiyjiJiox,, MaHa 6y MeHiiHr x,objiiim, 6y sea 
smiiriiM, - AeAH. Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaibcii Ba cajuiaM: 

- "Ynda 6opu6, 6u3za diun onuui ynyn wcou x,03upjia!" — 

AeAHJiap. 
A6y Amo6: 

- AjuioxHiiHr GapaxoTH 6njiaH iiKKiiHrii3 x,aM lopiiiirjiap! - acah. 

(Ca^ioyi Byxopnii: 1/556). 

OpaAaH 6np Hena KyH yriiG, PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijianoxy ajiaibcii Ba 
cajuiaMHHHr aejuiapii CaBAa po3ii5ijijioxy aHx,o, iikkii K;ii3Jiapn yMMy 
TyjicyM, YcoMa ii6h 3aiiA, YMMy AiiMaH yjiap 6njiaH 6npra A6y 
Eaicp CuAAHKHHHr yFJiii AGAyJiJiox, yHiiHr ax,ny aejuiapiiHii ojiiiG 
hhk;ah. yjiapHHHr opacHAa Onma po3ii5ijijioxy aHx,o x,aM 6op 3-ah. 
PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijianoxy ajiaibcii Ba cajuiaMHiiHr K;ii3Jiapn 3aiiHa6 
AGyji OcHHHr yiiiiAa kojiah. YHra hiik;ii6 Kenim iimkohimtii 
TonHjiMaAH. 3afiHa6 BaAP BOKetaciiAaH cyiir x,H»cpaT kiijiah. 

(3o/iyji Mao/i:2/55). 
Oiima po3ii5ijijioxy aHx,o uiyHAafi AeiiAii: 

- MaAHHara KenraH HOFHMH3Aa, ep K>3HHHHr 3Hr Ba6ocn icyn 
acoHH MaAHHa 3ah. ApniqiapAa KyjiMaic (cacnraH) cyBjiap OK;ap sah. 
PocyjiyjiJiox, cajijianoxy anaiixH Ba camiaM MaAHHara KenraHjiapiiAa 
A6y Eaicp Chaahk 6njiaH Biijioji xacaji 6yjin6 KOJiAHJiap. MeH 
yjiapHHHr ojiAiira Kiipn6: 

- y3iiHrii3Hii KaHAaii xhc K;njiaancii3, sii OTaacoH? Cii3hii sii 
Biijioji, y3iiHrii3Hii KaHAaii xhc K;njiaancii3? - Ae6 cypaAHM. A6y 
Eaicp HCTiiMacii KynaiiraHAa uietp yKiipAn: 

Y3 yiiHAa TOHr OTTHpraH x,ap khiiih, yjiHM yHra 
<l>o$i63ajiHH HnH^aH-Aa HKiiHpoKJiiiriiH Ghjichh. 

Arap Biijiojihii to6ii k;ohii6 ctiiG KOJica, obo3iihii GanaHA k;iijiii6, 
uiyHAaii Aep 3-ah: 

Jjiia j *U»Lui ijl ojJjj J& j . Aja « ai±a L»jj (jJji J& j 

Koimku 6ujica.M sdu, myuHU Men eoduiida, 



288 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

flapaxni3opy H3x;upjiap opacuda ymKa3apjuuduM. 
3udu 6up Kyn MujfcaHna cyenapuza myuiapMUKUHMcm. 
To(pun ea IIIommci mozjiapim Kypuui nacud r^unapMUKUH. 
MeH Pocyjiyjinox, cajijianoxy ajiaiixH Ba cajuiaMHiiHr ojiAHJiapiira 
Kejin6, ynapHHHr xaGapjiapiiHii eTica3AHM. y kiiihii Ayo Kiummiap: 

- "3« v4^ioa;m^, UIuKJoa u6h Poduii'baHU, Ym6a u6h 
Po6uut>(ihu ea YMaun u6h XajiMpuu, 6u3hu y>3 epuMU3 
(eamaHUMU3)dau eadonu ep/iapea nuiqyud wdopzaujiapu ku6u, 
yuapuu JiwbHarwiazuHl '" — AeAmiap. CyHr: 

, 1^-v^..^ j iij jj ASa ' -;^ < 4JjJa!| LJJI (lu& iglll - 

_ . 4ia^J L UJ*a !i UU& JlJI j . Ul« j UcUa ^ 4jW j 
-"3h Ajijiox,um, MaduHiiHU 6u3/iapea xyddu Manna ku6u Sku 
yndanda K,ammuiq)OK, cywwiuK igiJieun. Maduua Myxfimunu 
cozjiom Myxfim. k,ujiu6, ynune xpcunu-w ep/iapuea 6apana amo 
KfinzuH. Yhuhz eadocuuu Kynupud, yuu jKyx,(paza 3Jimu6 
mauiJiazuH! " - ^ea #yo Kiumnjiap. 

(Ca^ioyi ByxopHH:4/l 19) 

Ajijiox, Taono y KiimiiHiiHr AyonapiiHii HacoGaT khjiah. IlaHFaMGap 
anaiixHCcajiOM TymjiapiiAa conjiapii Ty3iiraH 6np K;opa xotiihhii 
MaAHHaAaH hiik;ii6 KeTii6, "Maxflta" ()Kyx,c[)a)ra 6opn6 TymraiiiiHii 
xyp^Hjiap. By Ba6oHii MaAHHaAaH 5Kyx,c[)ara KyHiipiijiraHiira iimopa 
6ynraH 3ah. HlyAaii k;iijiii6 Myx,oacHpjiap Maxima BaGociiHiiHr 
yKyGaTjiapHAaH KyriijiAiijiap. 



IIIyHHHr 6njiaH IlaiiFaMGap anaiixHCcajiOMHiiHr naiiFaMGapjiiiK 
xaerjiapii xaKiiAarii K;iiccaMii3HiiHr GiipiiHHii kiicmii y3 Hiixpjiciira 
eTAH. By k;hcm MaKKa GocKiiHii-AaBpii BOKetajiapiiHii y3 iiniira 
onraH 3ah. Kejirycii cax,nc[)ajiapAa 6113 cirera iimiia-Ajijiox, MaAHHa 

GOCKHHH BOKetajiapHHH KHCCa KIIJiyBHII KHCMHHH TaKAHM 3TaMII3. 

yui6y khtoGhii Hauipra Taiiepjiaiima KypcaTraH xaMicopjiiiKjiapii 
ynyH "EaAp-aTTaBx,iiA" HainpiieTii xoAHMjiapiira MiiHHaTApHiuiiiK 
icxpp k;iijiii6, Ajijiox, TaonjiOAaH ynapHHHr 5kiix,oahh-ii5koahh 

289 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

(JjaojiHjmiapHra GapaxoTjiap THjiaG, P066 TaojiOHHHr pireocHra 
apuiHHiiiAeK yjixaH 6axTra Myaccap KHjiHHHuinapHHH cypa6 Ayonap 
K;HjiaMH3. Amhhh, Amhhh. 

Ba 6n3HMHr cyHrrn flabBOMMM3: 
"Uaiao fiaiT aoooi TeaieaS oTaeafie aueie0 AeeTu 6-NMaed". 
TapjKHMaAarn KaMHHjiHK Ba HyKCOHjiap y3 Ha(J)CHMH3 Ba 

UiaHTOHAaHAHp. 

TaB(J)HK; 3ca aroHa Ajuiox,AaHAHp. 

YHHHr Y3HAaH Mar(J)HpaT cypaHMH3. 

Apa6 THjiHAaH A6y MaHcyp Ax,Ma# TapacHMacH. 

/ 27. 08.2006 -JlKinaH6a. / / 3 - IHai>6oH, 1427 - x,.k,J 

***** 

www.sodiqlar.com 



290 



AppoxuKVJi Moxmyju ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

MyHAapiDKa 

Tap>KMMa MyK;aflflMMacM 3 

MyK;aflflMMa 6 

Apa6 K;a6wianapi/i Ba ynapHW-ir wyrpocpm/i ypm/i 8 

Apa6nap MaBKjebcn 8 

Apa6 K;a6wianapi/i 9 

Apa6napfla 6oLiiK;apyB Ba xyKM 17 

9\uauf\avv\ noflLuoxri w< 18 

tyii/ipaflari/i MyriK 21 

LLIoMflarn MyriK 23 

)^n>K03flarM MyriK 24 

5oLUK;a apa6napflarn 6oLiiK;apyB 31 

CuecuM axBon 32 

Apa6napfla flm-map 33 

flMHMM axBon 46 

>Kox,mjimm Apa6 >KaMMaTMHMHr MaH3apacM 47 

I/I>ktmmomm axBon 47 

MKn"MCOflMM axBon 54 

Axjiok; 55 

HACAB. TyFI/l/ll/IW. y/lFAI/ll/ILU 59 

naMfaivi6ap anai/ix,MCcariOMHMHr Haca6napn Ba xoHaflOHnapn 

naMfaivi6ap anai/ix,MCcariOMHMHr xoHaflOHnapn 60 

3aM3aM KyflyfWHM KaBnaLu Ba Owi BOKjebacn 61 

TaBJinyfl Ba Hy6yBBaTflaH onflw-in/i k;mpk; mmji 69 

BaHy Cabflfla 70 

KyKCMHM epuLU x,OflMcacn 73 

Mex,pn6oH OHa 6afpnra 74 

Faivixyp 6060 xy3ypi/ifla 74 

MyLucpMK; aiviaKM x,y3ypnfla 75 

On>Kop ypyniM 77 

0O3nnnap KeHraniM 78 

MexHaT cpaonnaTnapn 79 

^aflnna 6mhtm XyBai/mi/iflra yMnaHMLunapn 80 

Kab6aHM K;aMTa K;ypnLii Ba xaKaivi Tabi/im-maw MyaMM0cn.82 
riaMfaM6apriMKflaH oriflMHru xaeinapi/i x.aiwja 



291 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

KMCKana MabnyMOT 84 

HYBYBBAT BA flA"bBAT. MAKKA flABPI/l 87 

PuconaT Ba Hy6yBBaT coacn ocTMfla. tyipo ropufla 88 

>Kn6pMJlHMHr BaX,MMHM oj~im6 KeJlMLUM 89 

Bax,MMHMHr y3nnn6 kojimllim 92 

>Kn6pnn mkkmhhm 6op BaxyiM onn6 KenaflM 93 

Bax,MMHMHr Typnapn 97 

BMPMHMM BOCK;MM. A/l/lOX, MY^MrAflA"bBAT>KMX I OflM 

Yh MMJ1J1MK MaxcpMM flabBaT 100 

BnpuHHunap 1 00 

l^ypaMLiiflaH y3ra K;a6MnanapflaH 6ynraH Ba Mcnoivira 

aBBan KnpraH co6MK.nap 1 02 

HaM03 103 

MKKMHMM BOCK;i/N. OWKOPAflA"bBAT 

flabBaTHM OLUKOp 3TMLUflarM flaCTJia6KM MLU 105 

flKiMHiiapHM flabBaT kmjimlli 1 06 

Cacpo tof Mfla 1 07 

)^o>KMnapHM flabBaira KynoK. connLUflaH TycuLU 

ynyH mypo KeHranin 112 

flabBaira KapuiM KypauiHMHr Typnuna ycny6napn 115 

Bocmm Ba Ta3MMK^iap 1 30 

MyLupuKiiapHMHr Pocynynnoxra Hnc6aiaH 

TyTraH MaBKMCpnapM 1 37 

l^ypaMLUHW-ir A6y Tonn6ra sjinnnap Kyi/iMLiJM 1 37 

l^ypaMLU A6y Tonn6ra TaxflMfl KMnaflM 1 38 

KJypaMLU aHa 6np 6op A6y Tonn6 x,y3ypnfla 1 39 

Pocynynnox, cannannoxy anai/ixM Ba cannaM maxcura 

6ynraH Ta>KOBy3nap 1 40 

ApK;aMHMHr xobjimcm 1 49 

^a6aLUMCTOHra 6mpmhhm XMwpaT 1 50 

MyuipHKjiapHHHr MycyjiMOHjiap 6miaH Gupra caac^a KHjiHuinapH Ba 

Myx,oacHpjiapHHHr KaHTHuinapH 152 

^a6aLUMCTOHra mkkmhhm 6op XMwpaT 1 54 

l^ypaMLUHMHr ^aGauiMCTOH Myxp>KMpnapMra KapuiM 

K.ynnaraH Tafl6MpM 1 55 

A3o6naLUHMHr KynaMMLUM. PocynynnoxHM yriflMpMLura 



292 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

6ynraH ypuHMLU 1 58 

)^aM3a m6h A6flynMyTTonn6i-iw-ir Mcjiomhm K;a6yn 

^mjimlum 1 63 

Yiviap m6h )^aTTo6HMHr l/lcnoMra KnpuLun 164 

^ypaMLunnKJiapHMHr Pocynynnox, cannannoxy anai/ixyi 

Ba cannaM xy3ypnapnra TaLupucpn 1 73 

Kypai/uu pan;6apnapM Pocynynnox, 6nnaH My30Kapa 

onn6 6opaflnnap 1 78 

A6y >Kax,nHMHr Pocynynnox,HM ynflnpuLura K;acfl K;i/ini/iLLin.180 

KennLuyB Ba paflfli/mnap 181 

ItypaMLUHW-ir x,apoH KjonnLun, ynapHW-ir >KMflflMM 
cpMKpnaLuyBM Ba axyflm/inap 6nnaH anoK;a TMKnaLunapn ...185 

A6y Tonn6 Ba yH w-ir K;a6nnaflOLiinapM MaBKjucpM 1 86 

Omm a Bi/iM y3MnMLU. 3ynMy aflOBaT LuapTHOMacn 188 

A6y Tonn6 flapacufla yn i/inn 189 

LUapTHOMa caxyicpacw-iw-ir MnpTMnnLUM 1 90 

A6y Tonn6ra l^ypaMLU annnnapuHMHr cyHrrn TaLupucpn 194 

FAMn/IH/ll/IK I/II/I/1H A6y Tonn6HMHr BacpOTM 198 

^aflnna Annox,HMHr paxjviaTi/ira 200 

XacpannKnapHMHr KynaMMLUn 201 

Ca6py MaTOHaT OMnnnapn 202 

YMMHMM MAPXA/1A. 

MAKKA TALUK^PMCMflA I/IC/10M flAbBATM. 

Pocynynnox, Toncpfla 217 

McnoMHMHr maxcnap Ba K;a6nnanapra pynapa K;i/inw-ii/iLun.227 

McnoM pynapa K;i/inw-iraH K;a6nnanap 228 

MaKKannK 6ynMaraH MycynMOHnap 230 

flcpn6 ax,nnflaH 6ynraH on™ Mai/iwH Liia66ofla 236 

Pocynynnox,HMHr OnLua OHaMM3ra yMnaHMLunapn 239 

l/lcpo Ba Mebpo>K 239 

Bmpmhhm AK;a6a 6ai/i"ba™ 248 

l/lcnoM annncM Maflwnafla 250 

KJyBOHHnu 3acpap 250 

Mkkmhhm AK;a6a 6aMbaTM 254 

Cy3naLuyBHMHMHr 6oLunaHMLiiM Ba A66ocHW-ir 

MacbynnaT .wi/iflflm/inwwa 6epraH Liiapxyi 255 



293 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

Bai/ibaT 6aHflnapn 256 

Bai/ibaTHMHr >KMflflMM 3KaHJ~iw~w-ii/i TabKMflnaLii 258 

Bai/ibaTHMHr GepunnLUM 259 

Yh mkkm HaivioaHfla 260 

LUaMTOH ax,naLiiyBHM cpOLii K;nnaflM 261 

AHCopnap ^ypaMLU 6wiaH >KaHr KjunnLura Tawep 262 

K^ypai/iLU flcpn6 pancnapura flanun TaivjMM 3iapy\ 262 

^ypaMLunnKJiap opacufla xa6apHw-ir TabKHflnaHULun Ba 

6aM"baTHnnapHMHr TabK;i/i6 K;m~iw-n/iLLmapi/i 263 

)^n>KpaTHMHr mjik HaMOflHflanapi/i 264 

"KjyPAI/ILU nAP/lAMEHTI/l" 6ynMMLU MawiiMCJiap yi/Mfla...269 
"nAPJlAMEHT" 6ax.cn Ba PocynynnoxHi/i K;aTn aTHLura 
6ynraH MyflXMLii K;apopHW-ir K;a6yn kjujimhuliim 271 

naMfaivi6ap x,M>Kpa™ - K^ypaMLUHMHr Tafl6npn 6wiaH 

AnnoxHW-ir Tafl6npn ypiacufla 273 

naMfaivi6ap anai/ixMCcanoM yi/uiapuHM ypa6 ojimhulum 274 

Pocynynnox, yMnapuflaH hmk;m6 Keiaflnnap 276 

^OBiiMflaH fopra 277 

l/lKKMCMHMHr fopflaiiMK pai/rrnapi/i 278 

Maflwna i/iynn y3pa 279 

l/lyn flaBOMMfla coflup 6ynraH 6ab3M-6np xp,qi/icanap 283 

K^yGora TyLUMLunapn 290 

Maflwnara KnpuLunapn 293 

MyHflapn>Ka 298 



294 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ^±±j[jj^±jjl 

L «* ** ** 

^^l^Jl ^c-V'j ^t^ 1 j ^IjjjAjH 

295 



AppoxuKVJi MaxmyM ?j1lJi ' /Jj^jJI 



296