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Full text of "The soldier's service dictionary of English and French terms : embracing 10,000 miliatary, naval, aeronautical, aviation, and conversational words and phrases used by the Belgian, British, and French armies, with their French armes, with their French equivalents carefully pronounced, the whole arranged in one alphabetical order, designed especially for instant use in the United States service"

E SOLDIER'S 

SERVICE 
TIONARY 

'ENGLISH AND 
IENCH TERMS 



r 

m 



1 EDITED BY 

FRANK H. VIZETELLY 



PC 



V5 




Presented to the 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
LIBRARY 

by the 

ONTARIO LEGISLATIVE 
LIBRARY 

1980 



JL Calyaire 
. Wayside emu* 

O Chapelle, Hermitage 

Chapel 

" Chateau, Manoir 
.4 JEdlMKMl or Manor 

* Croix Crow* 
^ / 
O Eglise Chunk 


CHEMINS OE PER 

11A1MVAY TKHMS 

Station Gare 

Xtn1i,, t , Jjr t ,,,l 


CANAUX 

CAN A 1.8 

Grand canal navigable 

Skip-canal 

Canal navigable 
Navigable canal 
gare ponl 
dock- basin 

^-tomSLtU-AL- 


Deblai RembUi 

Cutting Embankment 

Tunnel Viaduc Ponceau 
Tunnel 1'imlnrt Cnli'ert 

Jr^tjl x 


& !Fonderie - Foundru 

f* Fontaine 
Fountain or Spring 

& Forge, Uine 
Forge. Ironworks 

tb Ma lion Uolee 
Isolated house 


port aqueduc tunne 

bridgeaqaeducttunitfl 

Canal d'irrigation 
Irrigation canal 


H f r in * 

rassage 
en detsui, en desrwus, 
a niveau 

1\ I # i // 1 


( 


WFTTt 

Crossing 
above, belotc, level 

ROUTES 

ROADS 

Route narionale 
Turnpike or High Koad 




Digue Dyke 


! Manufacture Factor; 

i,. Moulin a eau 
^*> U'atermill 

X Moulin a vent 
^ Windmill 


Systeme 
de canaux et digues 




9 Phare Lighthouse 

~, n Point cote 
230 sideline (eodesyy 

A 752 Point trigonometrique 

'- Trigonometrical point 

0570 ClocheriervanJ.de 
point trigonometrique 
Jielfry used aa <i bane 
in surveying, 

O Puiu <= Welis 
7' Ruine* lluin* 

_M Telegraphe 

Telegraph wires 

+ Tour Tower 
CLOTURES 

ENCLOSUBES 

1=^ en pierre 
LJ-JJ o/ atone 

A \- en fosses 

TCTI *fri 

. t-i en levee de terre 

Cpj iritli mixi'il 
\ ' J embankments 

-s_ en haies 
i^r.^ O/ hedges 


trace*, ouverte, lerminit 
mtrveyed, under con- 
struction^ completed 


x^= 

K usiem 
of canals and dykes 

Pont fixe, tournant. etc. 
'de bateaux 


Route departemenlale 
State road 


racee, jouverte, terminee 


Stationary bridge, 
drawbridge, pontoon 
bridge 

Baa Ferry*boats 

SIGNES 

ADMINISTRATES 

OFFICIAL BOUNDARY. 
HARKS 

Limite d'etat 
Xtate line 


surveyed, under con- 
struct ion, completed 

Route 

ROADS 

encaissee en chaussee 
sunken rained 

Ihemin de grd* communi- 
cation Route agricole ou 
Foreatiere 
======^ === .-s=======s 

tfam thorofare used by 
farmers and foresters 

Chin de moyenne 
communication 
liyroad or Lane 

Chemin communal 
county road 


Jmite de departement 
Department line 


Jmited'arrondistemeni 
County line 


LJmile de canton 
Township line 

Limite de commune 
Village line 


Sentier 
Footpath 

Vestiges d'ancienne voie 
Trace* of ancient road 


prq PREFECTURE 

Ji if 1 Administrative 
District 
<BE>SOUS-PRfeFECT 

*^ Sitbdistrict 

(Zfr CANTON 
^/ County 





TOPOGRAPHICAL SYMBOLS USED IX FRENCH CHAI5TS 



1 









Dunes et sables. Rochers plats dans lamer. 
Sand duties. Seaboard bluffs. 



Montagues. 
Mountains. 




Ville fortiflee 
Fortified town. 



Ville fermee. 
Walled toicn. 






Lignes, Retrancn'ts, Ville ouverte. Bourg ou village. 

Redoutes. 

Lines, wtrencfiments, Unfortified town. Township or village, 

redoubts. 

TOPOGRAPHICAL >YMHoI.S USED IX FRENCH CHARTS 



Vlrage a droite. 
Turning to the right. 




Balls en salllie 
eur route. 

Tracks crossing 
the road. 



Bad paving. 



m\m 



Passage a niveau. 
Level crossing. 



Passage en dessous. 
Tunnel. 




Vlrage a gauche. 
Turning to the. left. 




DeBfeenie 'sinurtUBe 

avec naauvals viraee. 

. Tortuous decline 

toitfi' sharp turns. 



Village. 
Village. 



Virage avec inonte"e. 
Uphill turn. 



TOPOGRAPHICAL SYMBOLS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES 




tP THE SOLDIER'S 
SERVICE DICTION^" 

OF & 

English and French I< 

Embracing 10,000 Military, Naval, Aeronautical, 
Aviation, and Conversational Words and 

Phrases Used by the Belgian, V. 

British, and French Armies 

With Their French Equivalents 

Carefully Pronounced, the Whole Arranged in 

One Alphabetical Order 

Designed Especially for Instant Use in the 
United States Service 

With the Pronunciations Indicated by the Continental System 
of Vowel Values One Symbol for Each Sound Throughout the 
Alphabet Used in "Funk & Wagnalls New Standard Dictionary." 

Edited by 

FRANK H. VIZETELLY, Litt.D., LL.D. 

Managing Editor of " The New Standard Dictionary, " Member of 
the Royal Society of Arts, London, etc. 



Illustrated with Topographical Symbols 
Used in Official Charts 




. IJP^M '*> I. *J 
it '-ysm i! 
/mil 



WAGNALLS CO 

YORK and LONDON 
1917 





COPYRIGHT, 1917, 
FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY 

Printed in the United States oj America 



Copyright Under the Articles of the Copyright Convention of the 
Pan-American Republics and the United States, August n, 1910 



Published, October, 1917 



Att Rights Reserved 



TO THE READER. 

In the preparation of the Soldier's Service Dictionary of terms 
and phrases, with their French equivalents, the endeavor has 
been to provide a key to the military and conversational terms 
used in the Belgian, British, and French armies that shall in- 
stantly serve any one who consults it, and thus measure up to 
the maxim "prompt service is true service." 

It is assumed that the person likely to consult this book 
speaks and understands English; that he knows in English 
what he wishes to say in French, and that he wants to know 
how to say it, and say it promptly so that he can be under- 
stood. For example, suppose he wished to ask in French: 
"Where is the enemy?" he would look up these English words 
in their vocabulary places, thus obtaining the French equiva- 
lents "Oft (where) est (is) 1'ennemi (the enemy)?" or, as indi- 
cated phonetically, u e len"v_,na-ml', which form the sentence 
required. As many phrases are given under the important word, 
this should always be looked up first, to save time. For instance, 
if he wished to say in French: "Bring up the horses!" by turning 
to the word horse in the vocabulary he will find the French 
phrase in full: "Faites venir les chevaux!" with its pronuncia- 
tion. If he wanted to say "Give me some breakfast, please," 
he would turn to breakfast and there find the needed phrase. 

Instead of following the beaten track by grouping the terms 
in this book under several heads, divided and subdivided, as 
has been done by compilers of other works that aim to cover 
the subjects of which this treats, the entire contents, which 
total more than ten thousand terms, are presented in one 
alphabetical order, and, as explained above, the related phrases 
are grouped under the most important word in the phrase. 

As will be seen by consulting the key to the symbols used 
for indicating the pronunciations of the various terms the guide 
contains, the plan followed throughout is to give the chief 
vowel sounds the same values that they have on the continent 
of Europe: a as in art; e as in prey; i as in police; o as in 
go, and u as in rule. Variations are indicated by different 
letters one, and one only, for each sound throughout the 
alphabet (see page xii). The Editor invites the cooperation 
of all persons who are interested in making this the most 
complete and most serviceable book of its kind to those for 
whose use it has been designed and compiled. 

To simplify the study of the positions of the different parts 
of speech and the inflections and irregularities of French verbs 
brief explanations are included together with a concise table of 
verbs in an Appendix to the main vocabulary. 

NEW YORK, September, 1917. F. H. V. 



vii 



PRONUNCIATION 



OF FRENCH VOWELS, DIPHTHONGS, AND 
CONSONANTS. 

In most of the languages of Continental Europe the vowels 
have Latin values: a as in "art"; e as in "prey"; I as in 
"machine"; 6 as in "go"; and u as in "rule." Persons who 
speak English need to be cautioned against pronouncing 
foreign long vowels as diphthongs. In English long e with 
most speakers ends with a light i resonance (that is, as a 
diphthong, e9; long 6 is generally turned into 6"; long u into 
u u . But in German, French, and European languages generally, 
these vowels are to be pronounced without the i or u element 
at their close. Foreign vowels are generally tenser than 
English vowels. 



VOWEL MODIFICATIONS. 

In French the vowel*sounds, as we know them in English, 
are modified in two ways, by "rounding" and by becoming 
"nasalized." 

"Rounding" is the effect on a speech-sound of pursing the lips 
till the orifice is roundish, as in sounding English u (boot). In 
English only back vowels are rounded ; in some other languages 
certain front vowels are thus modified. 

(1). Rounded I. To make it, say I (as in see, machine), at 
the same time pursing the lips as for u (in rule). The 
symbol used in this guide is ti. 

(2). Rounded e. Say e (as in fate), at the same time pursing 
the lips. This is the sound heard in French (eu), German 
(long o). etc. 

(3). Rounded e or a (really a sound between e and a). 
Make such a sound, at the same time pursing the lips. 
The sound is heard in French (eu), German (short o), etc. 
The English sound nearest to these last two is the 
u of burn (burn), and hence the symbol here used for 
these two rounded vowels is u. But the foreign sounds 
are not exactly u. 

(4). In French are heard "nasal" vowels, that is, vowels to 
which a nasal quality \s imparted from the fact that, 
while they are being sounded, the passage through the 
nose is open ass well as that through the mouth. Hence 
part of the voiced breath escapes through the nose and 
reverberates in the nasal cavities. The nasal vowels are 
not vowels followed by n or rj, but simply vowels that 
receive their quality or timbre from resonance in both 
mouth and nose instead of in mouth alone. In this 
dictionary nasality in a vowel is indicated by adding to 
the symbol of that vowel the symbol n; whence an = 
nasal a, an = nasal a, etc. Many Americans, in their 
normal speech, unconsciously pronounce some or all of 
their vowels with a nasal quality; hence they are in 
danger of making the foreign vowels too strongly nasal, a 
practise which should be guarded against with all possible 
care. 



VOWELS AND CONSONANTS. ix 

In the following table the components of each diphthong 
are shown: 
Diphthong. French sou mix. 

ia = I + a (I as in police + d as in art), as French 

viande (yl"dhd'). 
iai = I + e (I as in police + a as in fare), as French 

liaison (ll"a w zen / ). 
i6 = i + 6 (I as in police -f e as in prey), as French 

prie (prl^ye'). 
ie = I + e (I as in police + a as in fare), as French 

piece (pl"^,yas'). 

In the following the division occurs after the i, and each 
diphthong represents two sounds. The nasal sound is added 
in some cases: 

io as in French idiot (I"dl"^ |ienasinFrench^iVn(bI"^y:in'). 



yo'). 



ian as in French expediant 

r dn'). ieu as in F-ench lieu 



iau as in French miaulrr 



ient as in French patient (pu"- 



ion as in French portion (por"- 



oi = o + a (o as in obey + d as in art). 
Preceded by a consonant oi sounds like wa; as in French foi 
(fo-d or fwd). 
Diphthong. French sounds. 

oin = o + in (o as in obey + a as in at): as in French 

loin (Iwan). 
oua = ou -f- d (C as in rule + d as in art) : as in French 

secoua (se"ku"d') . 
oui = ou + I (C as in rule + I as in police) : as in French 

Louis (lu"I'). 
ua = u -f d (ii as in French dune + d as in art) : as in 

French nuage (nii'dj')-* 
ui = u -f- 1 (ii as in French dune + I as in police) : as in 

French pluie (plwl). 
uin = u + in (ii as in French dune + a as in at) : as in 

French Juin (3 wan). 



CONSONANT MODIFICATIONS. 

Consonants in foreign languages (with some exceptions) 
are more carefully, and often more firmly or energetically, 
enunciated than in English. 



(5). What one may call "palatalized" consonants are 

by combining the sound y with the normal consonants. 
Palatalized 1, for example, is not 1 followed by y (as one 
hears it in brilliant), but 1 and y merged into one an 1 
made by raising not the tip of the tongue to the upper 
gums, but the front of the tongue to the front i art 
of the palate above it. Palatalized n is made by raising 
the front of the tongue just as for y, but further, until 
it is pressed against the front palate. After such a 
palatalized consonant there will almost unavoidably be 
a more or less distinct y heard as a glide to a following 
vowel; and the symbol used in this book for these conso- 
nants is a combination of the appropriate consonant 
symbol with the symbol y (ny, ly, etc.). But such a 
symbol as ny is not to be interpreted as n followed by 
y, but as an n made at the same place in the mouth as 
y is made. It should be noted that the so-called l-mouill3 



* The symbol 3 = zh. See Number 9, page xi. 



x VOWELS AND CONSONANTS. 

in French (spelled -41, -ill) has in the best standard pro- 
nunciation ceased to be an 1 and is pronounced simply 
as y. 

(6). Two r's are heard in French, (a) In French, German, 
etc., a trilled r is heard. It is made by raising the tip 
of the tongue almost to the upper gums and setting the 
tip to vibrating or fluttering against the gums, (b) The 
"uvular" r, made by raising the back of the tongue close 
to the soft palate and by means of the stream of breath 
setting the uvula to flapping in the narrow passage. In 
Continental (European) languages the uvular r is frequent. 

(7). Strictly native words in French, Italian, Spanish, and 
some other European languages, do not use the letter 
w, which appears, in the main, only in borrowed words. 
In some native words, however, a sound like w is heard, 
represented by other letters. In French, for example, 
there are two w's, one represented by u (as in nuit), the 
other by ou (as in oui). They differ in that the first 
(that represented by ) begins with the tongue and lips 
approximately in position for "rounded" I [see VOWEL 
MODIFICATIONS (1)], and the second begins with a position 
similar to that for.u is, in fact, about the normal English 
w. The sound of French ui would, then, be more nearly 
represented by iii; but to avoid multiplying symbols the 
one symbol w is used in this dictionary to represent both 
the normal w sound (which begins with u) and this other 
w (which begins with u). 

(8). English f and v are made by placing the lower lip 
against the upper teeth. In some other languages, as 
Spanish and Latin (Roman method), similar consonants 
are bilabial, that is, made between the two lips. Such a 
y is like an English w, except that the lips are not pursed 
into a roundish opening, but are spread, the voice escap- 
ing, not all at the center, but between the lips along their 
total length. When the lips separate, they do so all at 
once, not with the gradual widening that marks the 
English w. 

In French words no one syllable has a decided accent, 
but nearly all syllables are uttered with equal stress of 
voice. To an English ear a chief stress seems to fall on 
the final syllable; hence, in this guide, the primary accent 
(') has been placed over the last syllable of most French 
words, and the secondary accent (") on the other syllables 
(except over obscure e), to indicate a careful enunciation 
of all the unaccented syllables. 

VOWEL AND CONSONANT SOUNDS. 

1. a represents sometimes a, but generally a sound between 
a and a: (1) a = d, in the endings -as, -az (when the s or 
z is pronounced, and often when s is silent), -ase, -azon, 
-aille; and when circumflexed (a); (2) a (in most other 
cases), d, and d are pronounced with a sound near that of 

a, but not so "flat" as this English vowel. French a 
approaches the sound a especially before the final sounds 

b, d, g, 1, m, n, ny (that is, the letters b, d, g, I, m, n, gn when 
these are pronounced) , and before final -ve, -ge. oi wd 
when following r, and in the ending -oie; in most other 
cases ot = wa (with a not so "flat" as the English a). 

2. (1) e before a pronounced consonant, before final silent 
t, is, and final silent s in monosyllables; ei, ai (except the 



VOWELS AND CONSONANTS. xi 

verbal ending gai) ; e, e; ay, ey all are pronounced as e 
(really a sound between e and a). (2) e; e followed by 
a silent final consonant (other than t); o,i (when it is a 
verbal ending) all are pronounced as e. 

3. (1) o when it is the final sound in a syllable (that is, it 
may be followed by silent consonants), and o in the end- 
ings -ose (and generally before an s which has the value 
of z), -me and -ne; 6, 06, au, eau all are pronounced 
as 6. (2) o not as above, and au before r, = e. 

4. eu, ceu, not followed in the same syllable by a pronounced 
consonant, or in a closed syllable ending with the sound 
of z or t (-euse, -eute, -eutre), eu = "rounded" e [see VOWEL 
MODIFICATIONS (2)]: otherwise, eu, ceu, and always ue, 
CB before *il, -dUe ( = y), = "rounded" e [see VOWEL MODI- 
FICATIONS (3)J. 

5. For pronunciation of w, it u, see VOWEL MODIFICA- 
TIONS (1). 

6. e when final in unstressed syllables =9; at the end of 
a word it is usually silent (as in English). 

7. Final d, g, n, p, s, t, x, and z are usually silent. But 
when the following word begins with a vowel, "liaison" 
may occur. These consonants (not in all cases; no rule 
can be given) are then pronounced as if beginning the 
following word, d being sounded as t, g as k, s and x as 
z. r is silent in the final syllables -er and -ier. h is in 
most words silent. 

8. c before a, o, u = k; before e, i, y = s; f = s. ch = sh; 
but when final or before a consonant = k. q and qu 
generally = k. 

9. g before a, o, u = g; before e, (y) = 3; ge before a, o, 
u also = 3. The sound of j is indicated by 3 ( = zh). 

10. gn = "palatal" n [see CONSONANT MODIFICATIONS (5)]. 

11. i7 after a vowel = y; ill = ly [see CONSONANT MODIFICA- 
TIONS (5)]; also i before a vowel = y, unless a group of 
consonants precedes. By y is here meant the initial stage 
of the sound, not its consummation. 

12. m, n, final or before a consonant, other than m, n, are 
silent, but impart to the preceding vowel a nasal quality. 
In such conditions, am, an, em, en, = an (but final en 
preceded by the sound y = an, not an); aim, ain, eim, 
ein, im, in, ym, yn = an; om, on = eh; oin = wan; and 
um, un = un (or an). [See VOWEL MODIFICATIONS (4)]. 

13. s between vowels = z. 

14. -ti- = -si-, or -ty-; a rule cannot be stated. 

15. French has the letter w only in some foreign words; 
but the sound is heard in French words, spelled ou (as in 

ui); and it is, further, the first element in the sound 



represented by oi ( = wa or wa), and by oin (= wan). 
A similar sound is spelled with u (as in nuit, nuage); but 
the sound of u in these words is not exactly w; it diffr 
from w in that it begins with the organs in position i 
(i, not for u [see CONSONANT MODIFICATIONS (8)]. 

16. x between vowels generally = z. Otherwise, x = ks. 



EXPLANATION OF SYMBOLS USED TO INDICATE 
PRONUNCIATION. 



The pronunciations given are indicated by the alphabet used In 
the Funk & Wagnalls New Standard Dictionary. 



a as in artistic, 

a as In art. 

a as in fat. 

a as in fare, 

e as in get. 

e as in prey, 

i as in hit. 

I as in police, 

o as In obey. 

6 as in go. 

e as in not. 

e as in or. 

u as in full. 

Q as In rule, 

u as In but. 

6 as In burn. 

The Consonants and Semivowels are: b, d, f, g, n, h, J, cTi, k, 1, m, 
n, p, r, s, sli, t, th, th, v, w, y, z, 3. Of these, b, d, f, h, k, p, t, v, z 
have the familiar and unmistakable sounds heard in be, do, fee, he, 
key, pea, tea, vow, zest; g sounds always as In get, never as In gem, 
and s always as in sit, never as in rose or In sugar. 

H as in loch (Scotch), ach, m\ch (German), n as In bon (French), 
Indicating a nasal quality, u as in Lubeck (German) , Dumas (French) . 



al as in aisle. 

au as in sauerkraut. 

iu as In duration. 

iu as In feud. 

el as in oil. 

k as in iin, cat, auit. 

g as in go. 

n as in sin0. 

th as in thin. 

th as In this. 

s as in so, cent. 

z as in zest, was. 

cTi as in church. 

sli as in ship, ocean, 
function, ma- 
chine. 



j as in jet. 

3 as In azure, leis- 
ure, vision. 

a as in ask. 

e (unstressed) as in 
sofa, over, ar- 
bor, guttural, 
martyrdom. 

i (unstressed) as in 
habit, senate, 
surfeit, biscuit, 
mln'ute, privi- 
lege, valley, 
Sunday, cities, 
renew. 



The single accent (') Indicates the primary or chief stress; the 
double accent (") indicates the secondary stress. The ligature (^,) 
when used in connecting two consonants indicates that the sound of 
the first consonant is carried over to the second, as in accommode- 
ment: ak*_kem*^mo*da-man'. When connecting two vowels, as in 
position: p5*zrsl*^,yen', it indibates a rapid utterance, almost ob- 
literating the syllable division. The double dagger (t) Indicates a 
variant form. 

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS BOOK. 



a. = adjective, 
adv. = adverb, 
conj. - conjunction, 
f. = feminine. 
Fr. = French. 


Int. = Interjection, 
m. = masculine, 
n. = noun, 
naut. = nautical, 
neu. = neuter, 
pa. = participle. 


pi. = plural, 
pp. = present participle, 
pron. = pronoun, 
sing. = singular. 
v. = verb. 



SPECIAL NOTE. In French nouns are masculine or feminine and 
the definite article that precedes them should be of the same gender 
the In French is le, la or I' according to the following rules. Le 
masculine, la feminine, V masculine or feminine whenever the word 
that follows begins with a vowel. One should say le fusil (la fu"sl') 
for the rifle; la cartouche (la kar"tQgh') for the cartridge; I'offlcier 
(lerfTsr^ye'), the officer; I'armee (Iar*mg'), the army. 

Likewise the indefinite articles a and an are indicated in French 
by the words un for the masculine and une for the feminine. Thus, 
a rifle is un fusil; a cartridge is une cartouche; an officer is un officier, 
and an army is une armie. For more detailed Information, see 
Appendix. 



zii 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 



a, an. 1. Un (m.): an. 2. Une (/.): un. 
Aachen, a'nen, n. German name for AIX*LA-CHAPELLE. 
abaft or aft, a. Naut. A 1'arriere: a lar"ri"^yar'. 
abandon, v. Abandonner: a"ban"deh"v_,ne'. abandon the 

position. Abandonner la position: a'bon'den'^ne' la po'zr- 

sr^yeh'. 
abatis. Abatis (n. m.): a"ba"tl'. form an abatis. Formez 

un abatis: fer'mez'^ah a'ba'tl'. 
abattoir. Abattoir (n. m.): a"bat"-_twdr'. 
abbey. Abbaye (n. /.): ab"be'. On maps abbreviated Abbe. 
abeam, a. & adv. Par le travers: par la tra'var'. 
about, adv. Environ: en" vi"ren'. about face or about 

turn. Volteface: velt"fas'. left about. Demi-tour a gauche: 

da-mTtur a gosli. right about. Demi-tour a droite: da-ml'tdr 

a drwat. 

above, prep. Audessus: 6-da-su'. 
abreast, adv. De front: da fren. 
abrupt. 1. Escarp6 (a.): es"kar"pe' (steep). 2. Brusque 

(a.): briisk (rough or rude). 
abscess. Abces (n. m.): ab"se'. 
absent, a. Absent: ab"san'. absent oneself. S'absenter: 

sab'san'te'. absenting oneself without leave. S'absentir 

sans permission: sab'san'tlr 7 san par*mls*^yen'. 
absorbent. Absorbant (n. m.): ab"ser"bdn'. absorbent cot- 

ton. Coton hydrophlle: k5*teh' rdro'flT. absorbent cotton* 

wool. Ouate hydrophlle: u'at'^rdro'fll'. 

abutment (of a bridge). Culee de point: kii*le' da pwan. 
accent. Accent (n. TO.): aks"sdn'. 
access. Acces (n. TO.): ak"se'. difficult of access. D'un 

acces difficile: dan ak'se' dl'fl'sll'. means of access. Moyens 

d'acces: mwa'yah' dak'sg'. 
accommodation, n. 1. Accommodement (m.): 



da-man'. 2. Logement (m.): les'mah'. 3. Billet (m.): 

accomplice. Complice (a. & n., m. & /.): keh"plls'. 

accordance. Accord (n. TO.): a"ker'. In accordance with. 
1. Conformement a: ken'fer*me*mah' a. 2. En conformite: an 
ken*fer"ml /r t6'. accordingly, adv. En consequence: an kan*- 
se'kans'. according to your orders. 1. Suivant vos ordres: 
swl'vah' voz^er'^dra. 2. En consequence de vos ordres: ah 
kan"s6"kans' da vSz^er'^dra. 

account, n. 1. Compte (TO.): keiit. 2. R6cit (TO.): re"si'. 
3. Conte (m.): keht (story) . fancy account. Conte de fan- 
taisie: kent da fan'tS'z!'. Called also fairy story: conte des 
fees: kent dg fe. on account of. En raison de: ah re'zeh' da. 
on no account. Sous aucun pretexte: sQz_,5-kan' pre'^tekst. 

accouter, v. Equiper: e"ki"pe'. accoutered. Equip6: 
e'kl'pC'. accouterment, n. Equipement: e'klp'mah'. 

accuracy. 1. Precision (n. /.): pre"sl"zl"yen'. 2. Exactitude 
(n. /.): egz'ak'trtiid'. accurate, a. Exact (m.): egz'akt'; 
exacte (/".): egz'akt'. accurate fire. Justesse de tir: siis'tes' 
da tir. accurate information. Renseignement juste: roix'- 
sen'ya-mah' giist. __ 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; Sr; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iu = feud; 

diinc; |fhin; go; D = sing; Sliip; fliin; this. 



A SE R y I CE DICTIONARY 2 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

accusation. Accusation (n. /.): a"ku"za"sl"s_^yen'. 

accuse or charge, v. Accuser: a"ku"ze'. accused, the. 
L'accus6: la'ku'ze'. 

acetic acid, crystallizable or glacial. Acide acetique, cris- 
tallisableou glacial: a*8ld"a"se"tlk', krfs"ta"'irza'^bla a gla'sl'al'. 

aching. Douleur: du"lur'. 

acknowledge, v. 1. Reconnaitre: ra-keri"^,ne"tr. 2. Accuser 
reception de (acknowledge the receipt of: said of letters) : a*ku"ze' 
r6"sep"sl"^yen' de. acknowledge the facts. Avouer les faits: 
a*vQ"e' 16 16. 

acquainted with, be. 1. Connaitre (.) : ken"ne'tra. 2. Se 
mettre au courant de: sd met'tra 5 ku'ran' da. get acquainted 
with. Faire la connaissance de: far la ken"n6s*sanz' da. 

across. 1. A travers: a tra'Var'. 2. Au travers de: q tra*Var' 
da. 3. Le long de: la len da. across country. A travera 
champs: a tra'var' slian. 

act, n. Fait (n. m.) : fe. act of war. Fait de guerre: fe da g&r. 
in the act. Sur le fait: siir la K. In the act of. En train de: 
an trah da. taken in the act. Pris sur le fait: prl sur la f6. 
the act will be regarded as plundering. I/action sera con- 
sideree un acte de pillage: lak'sl'-^yen' sa-ra' ken'sl'de're' an akt 
da pryaz'. 

act, i). Agir: a"3lr'. act on one's own initiative. Agir 
d'apres sa propre initiative: a'slr 7 da'prg' sa pre'pra rnl*8l*fl*ttv'. 
he acts. 11 agit: II a"zl'. 

action. 1. Action (n.f.): ak^sl^yon'. 2. Combat: ken"ba'. 
action after the capture of works. Conduite apres la prise 
de travaux: ken'dwlt' a"pre' la prlz da tra"v6'. See WORKS. 
action front. Feu en avant: fu an^,a*van'. action rear. 
Feu en arrlere: fu an^ar*^rryar'. before action. Avant le 
combat: a'van' la ken'bfl'. in or into action. 1. En batterie: 
an baf_ta-rr. 2. Engages: an"ga*3e'. rear action. Attaque 
en queue: a'tak'^an ku. to begin the action. Engager le 
combat: an'ga'se' la ken'ba'. to clear (the decks) for action. 
Faire le branlebas de combat: far la bran*laba' da keh'ba'. to 
go into action. S'engager au combat: san'ga'se' 5 ken"ba'. 

active, a. Actif (m.): ak"tlf; active (/.): ak"tlv'. be on the 
active list. Etre de service actif: 6'tra da sar"vls' ak'tlf. 

addition. En plus: ah plu. in addition to. Outre: u'tra. 

address. Adresse: a"dres'. what address. Quelle adresse: 
kel a'dres'. what is the address. Quelle est 1'adresse: kel e 
lad'dres'. addressee, n. Destlnataire: des'trna'tar'. 

adequate, a. 1. Suffisant (m.): suf"^fi"sah'; suffisante (/.): 

'per"- 



2. Proportione (m.) ; proportioned (/.) : prO'per 
sr^yen"n6' ascertain that adequate reserve is main- 
tained. S'assurer de 1'entretien d'une reserve sufflsante: sa*- 
sii're' da lan'tra-tr^yan' diin re'zarv' sufn / 'zant'. 

adjust, v, R^gler: re"gl("'. 

adjutant, n. Adjudant: a'^u'dan'. adjutantsgeneral. 
Chef d'etat-major: sTief de'ta'ma'ser'. adjutant<major. Ad- 
judantmajor: a'3U*dan'*ma / '3er'. 

administration. 1. Administration (n. /.): ad"n)l"nls"tra"- 
sr^yeh'. 2. Gouvernement (n. m.): gfl'var'na-man'. admin- 
istrative, a. Administratif: ad'HiI'ms'tra'tlf. administra- 
tive district. Prefecture (n.f.): prgfek"tur'. administra- 
tive officer. Offlcier d'administration: ef*n ff sr^y6' dad'ml*- 
nls'tra'sr^yen'. administrative service. 1. Administra- 
tion (n. f.) : ad'Hirnls'tra'sI'^yon'. 2. Services administratifs: 
safvls' ad'ml'nls'tra'tlf. 

admiral. Amiral (n. m.): a" m!"rdl'. admiralty. Amirau- 
16 (n.f): a'ml'rO'te'. 

advance. I. n. Avance (n. /.): a"vahs'. II. v. 1. Marcher en 
avant: mar'ShS' an a'van'. 2. Avancer: q'van'86'. 3. Se porter 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iu = feud; 

dttne; Cllin; go; Q = sin?; Sliip; fbin; this. 



3 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pr6y; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; 6r; full; rQle; but; burn; 8 = final; 
en avaut: sa per*t' an a'vah'. See FORWARD. advance and 
give the countersign. Avancez au ralliement: a'vah'sez'^0 
raJ'U'mah'. advance and give the counterword. Avancez 
a 1'ordre: a'van'se' a ler'dra. advance by column. Avancez 
par colonne: a'van'se' par ke'16h'. advance guard. Avant 
garde: a'vah' gard. advance in extended order. En avant, 
a la debandade: an a'vah' a la de'bah'dad'. in advance. 
D'avance: da'vahs'. sound the advance. Sonnez 1'avance: 
seh'ng' la'vahs'. advanced, pa. Avance: a'van'se'. ad- 
vanced dressing'Station. Poete de secours dlvisionnaire: post 
da sg'kur' dl'vl'zl'^yeh'^nar'. 

advice, n. 1. Avis (m.}: a"v!'. 2. Conseil (m.): ken"se'^ya. 
his advice was not followed. On n'a pas sulvi son consell: eh 
no pa swl'vl' sen keh'sg'^ya. advisable. Bon de: ben da. ad- 
visable to do. Bon de faire: beh da far. advise. Aviser: a*- 
vl'zg'. 

aerial, a. AoVien (m.): a"e"ri"an'; arienne (/.): a ff e"r!"yen's - ,na. 
aerial torpedo. Torpllle aerlenne: ter*pr^yao*6*rl*yeh'^,na. 

aerodrome. Aerodrome (n. m.): a"e"r6"dr6m' (course where 
aeroplanes are tried out). 

aerogram. Arogramme (n. m.): a"e"r6"grdm / . 

aeronaut. Aeronaute (n. m. &/.): a ff e"r6"n6t'. aeronautics. 
Aerostation (n. /.): a'6"r5*stL*sI*^yeh'. 

aeroplane. 1. Aeroplane (n. TO.): a"e"ro"plci'^-n9- 2. Avion 
(n. m): a'vl'eh'. Compare HYDRAVIOV. aeroplane squadron. 
EscadrUle (n. /.). d 'aeroplanes: es'ka'drl'ya da'e'ro'pia'^na. 

affray. 1. ^chauffour^e (n. /.): e"sh5f ff fu"re'. 2. ^meute 
(n. /.): 6*mQt'. See RIOT, SKIRMISH. 

afraid of, be. Avoir peur de: a"vwar' pur da. do not be 
afraid of. N'ayez pas peur de: ne'yfi' pa pur da. 

after, adv. Apres: a"pre'. 

afternoon, n. Apresmidi (n. /.) : a'pre'-mi'dl'. 

age. Age (n. m.): 03. age limit. La limite d'age: la ll"mlt' 
das. 

again, adv. Encore: an'keV. 

agent. Agent (n. m.): a^dh'. 

aggravating. Aggravante (a.): a w gra*vdnt'. aggravating 
circumstances. Clrconstancea aggravantes: slr*kehstahs' 
a'gra'vaht'. 

agricultural, o. Agricole: a"gri"kol'. On maps abbreviated 
A gr^. 

ahead. En avant: an a'vari'. go ahead. 1. Allozy: al ff - 
16'v_,zl'. 2. En avant: ah a'vah'. send ahead. Envoyer en 
avant: ah'vwa'ye' ah a'vah'. they are ahead of. Ils sont 
en avant de: II sen oh a' van' da. 

aid. 1. Aide (n. m.): ed. 2. Secours (n. m.): sa-kur' (help; 
relief)- first aid. Premier secours: pra-mTyg' sa-kQr 7 . 

aide<de<camp. Aide-de-camp (n. m.): ed"v^dax_xkdn'. 

aileron, e'la-ren' (n. m.). A wing-tip or surface for main- 
taining the balance of an aeroplane. 

aim. I. n. f. Point de mire: pwari da mlr. II. interj. J<>u'. 
3d (contraction of en joue! ah jQ). See TO AIM AT. III. v. Vlser: 
vl'z6'. bad aim. Mauvalse mire or vlsee (/.): mO'vez' mlr 
or vl'zfi'. correct aim. Justesse de tlr: sus'tes' da tlr. 
good aim. Bonne mire or vlsee (/.): ben mlr or vl'zg'. the 
object to be aimed at. 1. Le point de mire: la pwah da mlr. 
2. L'objectlf a vlser: leb'jek'tlf a vl'ze'. to aim at. 1. Visor 
(p.): vl*z6'. 2. Mettre ou coucher, en joue: metru kQ'shC', aii sQ. 

aiming. Pointage (n. m.) : pwan'tds'. 

air. Air (n. m.): ar. 

airbase. 1. Avionnerie (n./.):a*vron"naTi'. 2. Port d'attache 
(n. m.): per da'tasTi'. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; 1O = feud; 

diine; cllin; go; I) -- HMHJ; ship; fllin; this 



aSometer A SERVICE DICTIONARY 4 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a - final; 
air er t iit. 1. Aerostat (n. TO.): a"e"r6"std' (balloons of all types). 

2. Avion (n. TO.): a"vl"on' (military aeroplanes of all types). 
aircraft <arrow. Fleche d'a6ro: fla&x da"6"ro' (spiked weapon 

dropped from aeroplanes). 

air eddy. Remous (n. TO.) : ra-mQ'. 

airman. Aviateur (n. TO.) : a"vi"a"tur'. See AVIATOR. 

air-pocket. Trou d'air (n. TO.): tru dar. 

airspump. Pompe pneumatique (n. /.): penp nu"ma"tik'. 

airship or dirigible balloon. Dirigeable (n. TO.) : dfri'^d'^-ble. 

Aisne. en. A river in France. 

Aix*la*Chapelle, a"la"slia"pel'. A Prussian city and air-base. 

alarm. Alerte (n. /.): a"lart'. beat the alarm. Battre la 
generale: ba"tr la 3e"ne"ral'. false alarm. Fausse alerte: fos 
a"lart'. in case of alarm. En cas d'alarme: an ka da"larm'. 
Is it an alarm? C'estil une alarme? se_tll tin a"larm'. it 
Is an alarm. C'est une alarme: se^tiin a"larm'. sound the 
alarm. Sonner la generale: sen'^ne le 3e"ne"raT. alarm -gun. 
Canon d'alarme (n. m.): ka"nen' da"larm'. alarm-post. 1. 
Poste d'alarme (n. m.) : post da"larm'. 2. Le point de ralliement 
et de rassemblement: la pwan da ral">_li"man' e da rus'^-san*- 
bla-man'. 

Albino. Albinos (n. TO. & /.) : al"bi"nos' (persons with milky* 
white skin, whitish hair, and pink eyes: used in identification). 

alcoholic, a. Alcoolique: al"k6"lik'. 

alibi. Alibi (n. TO.): a"ll"bi'. 

alight, a. Allume: al"lu"me'. 

alighting. Atterrissage (n. TO.): a"tar /1 'v^ris''>_xsd3'. 

alinemeut. Alignement (n. TO.) : a"lin\_ya-mah'. 

alive. Vivant (n. TO.): vl"vdh'. look alive! 1. Vivement: 
vlv"man'. 2. Depechez-vous: de"pe"sTie''vu'. 

all around traverse. Un volant: an vo"lan'. A machine gun 
mounted on a swivel so that it can be fired in any direction. 
Une (tin) mitrailleuse (ml"tra"yuz') a (a) volant (vo"Ian') de (da) 
pointage (pwan'tag') en (an) direction (dFrek'sr^yen') et (e) 
hauteur (6"tur / ). 

Allies. Allies (n. TO.): al"^.lye'. 

allot, v. 1. Departir: de"pdr"tir'. 2. Designer: de"zl"nye'. 

3. Repartir: rg"par"tlr'. 4. Distrlbuer: dls'tri"bu''e'. allot- 
ment. Repartition (n. f.) : re"par ff trsi"s^yen / . 

allow, v. 1. Permettre: pa^'met'^tra. 2. Accorder: a"ker"do'. 
allow of easy communication. Permettre une communica- 
tion facile: parmet'_tra tin kem /r ^mti"nl / 'ka''sl*^yen' fa'sll'. 

allowance. Indemnity (n. /.): an"dem"nl"te'. draw an 
allowance. Toucher une Indemnite: tu"sTi6' tin an'dem'nl'te'. 
extra food allowance. Indemnite supplemental de vivres: 
ah"dem"nrte' su"pl6"mah"tar / da vi'vra. field allowance. In- 
demnite de campagne: an"dem"nrte' da kan'pa'nya. horse 
allowance. Indemnite de monture: aii'denr'nTte' da men"- 
ttir'. lodging allowance. Indemnite ^de logement: an'dem"- 
nrt6' da 10"ja-man'. on allowance. A la ration: a la ra"sr_ 
yon'. ration allowance. Indemnite de vivres: an"dem"nr- 
te' da vlv'^ra. traveling allowance. Indemnite de route: 
an"dem"nrte' da rut. 

ally, n. Allie (m.), alliee (/.): a'Ti^ye'. 

almond-eyed. Yeux en amandc (n. TO.): Yu an a"mdnd' (used 
in describing physical characteristics of individuals). 

alone, a. Seul (m.); seule (/.): sul. 

along, adv. Le long: la Ion. all along. Tout le long de : tu 
la Ion da. all along the road. Tout le long du chemin: tQ 
la left dti sTK>?man'. along the road. Surla route: stir la rat. 

. come, along' Venez done: va-ne' don. 

alongside* 'adv.- 1. A cote: a ko"te'. 2. A bord: a ber. 

alongside" dock, qual, or wharf. A qua!: a kg. alongside 

-.'l = habit;' aisle; au = out; ell; iu = feud; 

'" diine; cliin; go; rj = sing; 6bip; thin; this. 



5 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prCy; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; or; fuU; rttle; but; born; a = final; 
snip. Doimer a la bando: den'nfi' o la bond. to come along- 
side. Accoster (B.): a'kes'tfi'. 

already, adv. Deja: de'ja'. 

Alsace, n. oTzqs'. A crown territory of Germany. 

also, adv. Aussi: o"sl'. 

alteration. Modification (n. /.) : m6"drfTka"sI' l '^yen'. 

altimeter. AltimStre: (n. m.): arti"ma'^tra. 

altitude. Altitude (n. /.): aTtI"tUd'. 

alum. Alun (n. m.): a"lan'. 

aluminum. Alumine (n./.): a"lu"min'~a. 

always, adv. Toujours: tu"jur'. 

am I. Suisje: swl'sa. I am. Je suis: 33 swl. 

ambulance. Ambulance (n. /.): ah"ba w lana'. ambulance 
car. Ambulance automobile. an'bii'lQns' 6*t5*m5*bll'. ambu- 
lance wagon. Wagon ambulance (n. m.) : va'gen' an'bu'lans'. 
Held ambulance. 1. Ambulance de campagne (n. /.): an'bii*- 
lans' da kah'pa'nya. 2. Ambulance divlslonnaire (n. /.): ah*- 
bii'lans' dl'vrzl'^yen'^nar'. motor ambulance. Ambu- 
lance automobile: an"bu*lans' e'to'md'blT. 

ambush, ambuscade. 1. EmbQche (n. /.): cuVbush'.' 2. 
Embuscade (n. /.): an'biis'kad'. fall Into an ambush. Tom- 
ber dans une anbuscade: ten'bS' dan^,ziiu an'biis'kad'. lay an 
ambush. Dresser une embuche: dre'sfi' (in an'biiSh'. lie in 
ambush. Se tenlr en embuscade: sa ta-nlr 7 an an'bvis'kad'. 

America. Ame'rique (n. /.): a"mar"Ik'. American. 1. 
Amerlcaln (a. & n. m.): a'marTkan'. 2. Americalne (n. /.): 
fi*marrken'. 

amidships, adv. Par le travers: par la tra'var'. 

Amiens, n. a'mTan'. Fr. city. 

ammo, am'o. Contraction of AMMUNITION. 

ammonal (Eng.). am'o-nal; (Fr.) Qm"ni6"ndl', n. An ex- 
plosive with which Mills bombs are charged. 

ammunition. Munitions (n. /. pi.): mu ff nl"sl*^yen'. In 
full, munitions de guerre (mxi'm'sl'^yen' da gar) to distinguish 
them from military or naval stores, that are also designated 
munitions. ammunition bread. Pain de munition: pan da 
mu'nrsP^yon'. ammunition chest. Caisson (n. m.): ke*- 
son'. ammunition clip. Chargeur de fusil: ghar'sur' da fii*- 
zl'. ammunition column. Section de munitions (n. /.): 
sek'sl'^yon' da mii'ursr^yeh'. ammunition supply. Ap- 
provlslonuement de munitions: ap'prO'vrzI'^yon'man' da mu*- 
nl'sl'^yen'. ammunition wagon. Caisson (n. m.): kfi'sen'. 
expended ammunition. Munitions consommee: mii'nl'sr^ 
yon' kou'soin'^me'. use up all available ammunition. 
Epulser toutes les munitions disponlbles: C'pwl'zfi' tQt 16 mii*- 
nl'sl'^yeh' dls'pO'nl'^bla. 

amnesty. Amnistie (n. /.): am"nls*tl'. 

among, prep. 1. Entre: ah'tra. 2. Parmi: par*ml'. among 
ourselves. Entrenous: an'tra nQ. 

amount. 1. Montant (n. m.): men" tan' (said of a bill). 2. 
Quantit (n. /.): kan'tl'tfi'. 3. Somme (n. /.): 85m. 

ampulea. Ampoule (n. /.) : an"pul'. 

amputate, r. Amputer: an"pu"tc'. 

anarchy. Anarchie (n. /.) : "nar"shl'. 

anchor. Ancre (n. /.): dn'kra. cast or drop anchor. Jeter 
1'ancre: she'tg' lan'kra. come to anchor. Venir au mouillage: 
va-nlr' 6 mwl'yfis'. 

anchorage. Mouillage (n. m.): mu 

ancient, a. Ancien (m.): au"si"^;i:i'; anci 

yen'^ne. Abbreviated Ancn. on maps. ^r ^p f^- 

and. Et: e. Compare is. ^ ESB31 Tl 

anemometer. An6mom6tre (n. m.); *' > ' iJ 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; 
dline; cTlin; go; rj = sing; slii 




!(J 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 6 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prfiy; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

anesthetic. Anesthisique (n. /.) : a"nes"t!"zlk'. 

angle. Angle (n. m.): ah'gla. angle of descent. Angle de 
chute (n. m.) : an'gla dasTnit'_,a. angle of elevation. Angle d'ele- 
vation (n. m.) : an'gla dS"16*va*sr^yen' (the angle between the axis 
of a gun and the line of aim). angle of sight or vision. Angle 
de site (n. m.) : an'gla da sit (the angle between the line of sight 
and the line of fire) . dead angle. Angle mort (n. m.) : an'gla 
mer. defilading angle. Angle de defilement (n. m.) : an'gla da 
de'fr^man'. r centering angle. Angle rentrant (n. m.): an'gla 
ran'tran'. salient angle. Angle salllant (n. m.) : an'gla sa'I"- 
yan'; but frequently contracted to sailliant. 

animal. Animal (n. m.); a'nrmdl'. Pronounced the same 
way when used as an adjective and spelt animal (m.) or anl- 
male (/.). 

ankle. Cheville (n. /.) : slie"vi'_ya. 

annihilate, v. Aneantir: a"ne"an"tlr'. 

announcement. Communique (n. m.): kem w _mii''nl''ke'. 

answer. I. n. RSponse (/.): re"pens'. II. v. Repondre: re ff - 
peh'^dra. 

antenna. Antenne (n. /.): an"ten'^na (wireless telegraphy). 

anti-aircraft gun. Canon contreavion (n. m.): ka"nen' 



anticipate, v. 1. Devancer: da-van"se'. 2. PreVenir: pre"va- 

nlr'. anticipate orders. Prevoir les ordres: pre'vwar' lez 

er'^dra. anticipation. 1. Anticipation (n. /.): an'trsl'pa*- 

sr^yen'. 2. Prevision (n. /.) : pre'vrzr^yen'. 
antiseptic. Antiseptique (a. & n. m.): an"tl w sep''tlk'. anti- 

septic cotton swool. Ouate antlseptlque: ii'at' ah'trsep'tlk'. 

a. surgical bandage. Bande de pansement antlseptlque: band 

da pans'man' an'trsep'tlk'. 
antitetanic serum. Serum antitStanique (n. m.): se"rum' 

arrtrte"ta"nlk'. 
Antwerp, ant'warp, n. A city of Belgium: in French, An- 

vers: an'var'. 
Anzac (Eng.). an'zak; (Fr.) an"zdk', n. A soldier of the Aus- 

tralian or New Zealand Army Corps. 
apartment, lodging. Logement (n. TO.): lo'za-mari'. 
A. P.M. Assistant Provost Marshal. Aide Prevot: ed pre"vo'. 
apparatus. Appareil (n. m. pi.): ap"pa"re'^ya. apparatus 

for asphyxiating or suffocating gas. Eugins asphyxiants on 

suffocants: an'gan' zasTIks'^yflh' Q sii'fo'kan'. 
appetite. App6tit (n. m.): ap'^pe^ti'. appetizer. 1. Aperi- 

tif (n. m.): a'pg'rl'tlf (liquid). 2. Hors d'oeuvre (n. m.): ner 

du'^vra (solid). 

appliance, n. Machine (n. /.) : ma"sTiIn'. 
apply to. 1. S'adresser a or au: sad"dres w ^,9e' a or 5. 2. 

S'appliquer a or au: sap'pll'kfi' a or 5. apply to the captain. 

S'adresser au capitalne: sad"-_dres*^se' 6 ka'pl'tan'. 
appoint, v. 1. Nommer: nem"me' (select for some position). 

2. Monter: men'tC' (equip). 111 appointed. 1. Mai monte: 

gal men'te'. 2. Mai equipe: mal 6'kl'pe'. to be appointed. 
tre nomme: a'tra nern'mfi'. 
appointment, n. 1. Nomination (/.): nem"I"na"sr^yen'. 

2. Rendez'vous (m.): ran*de*vQ'. 3. Etablissement (/.): e'td*- 

blls'^sa-man'. 4. Emplol (m.): an'plwa'. special appoint- 

ment. Emplol speciale: an'plwa' spe"sr^,yal'. 
approach, n. 1. Approche (/.): a"presh'. 2. Rampe d'acces 

(/.): rah'p dak'sg'. approaches. Ouvrages d'approche: fl*- 

vra'za dap*^,prOsli'. 
approximate, v. 1. Rapprocher: Ta"pro M &w' . 2. Approximer: 

ap*s^prek*srm6'. 
April. Avril (n. m.) : a"vrll'. 

aqueduct. Aqueduc (n. m.): q^keMuk^. In French official 
i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; ifl = feud; 
diine; chin; go;. I) = si/y; sliip; hin; this. 



r anesthetic 



army 



7 A SI :H VICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; er; full; rflle; but; bOrn; a = final; 
maps abbreviated Aquc. aqueduct bridge. Pontaqueduc: pen 
a'ke'diik'. 

aquiline. Aquilin: a"ki"lan': said of noses in describing per- 
sonal characteristics. 

arbalest. Arbalete (n. /.): ar"ba*let'^a (weapon for shooting 
bombs, bolts, etc.). 

arbitration. Arbitrage (n. m.): ar"bl"trd3'. 

arch. Archo (n. /.): arsli. arched, a. 1. Arqu6: ar"ke'. 2. 
Busque: biis'ke'. 

are. Etre: a'tra. See also AM, BE, is. When used interroga- 
tively, as, are they? are tec? are you?, transpose the French words 
in the following phrases. they are. Us ,sont: 11 son.- -we are. 
Nous soinmes: ml som' you are. Vous etes: vuz^et. 

are there? V a-t'il? I a til. 

area. 1. Terrain (n. m.): tur^nm'. 2. Zone (n. /.): zon. 
area of concentration. Zone de concentration (n. /.) : z5n da 
kon'sah'tra'sl'^yen'. area of the ground. Etendue du 
terrain: e"tan"du'_du tar'ran'. billeting area. Lieu de cari- 
tonnement: IF^yu' da kan"ton*mah'. brigade a. Emplace- 
ment de brigade (n. m.): ah"plas"man' da brPgfid'.- grazing a. 
Paturage (n. m.) : pa'tu'ras'. requisitioning a. Circonscrlptlon 
pour requisitions: slr"ken*skrrp*sr^yoh pur re'kl'zrsl'^yen'. 

arm. 1. Bras (71. m.): bra (limb). 2. Arme (n. /.): arm (a 
iiTapori). See ARMS. 

armament. Armement (n. m.): ar"ma-mah'. 

armed seaman. Fusilier*marin (n. m.) : fu"zl"tt /1 '^ye / ma''rah'. 

Armentieres, ar"mah"tyar', n. French northern town. 

armistice. Armistice (?i. /.): ar"mis"tis'. 

armlet. Brassard (n. m.) : bras'^sdr'. 

armored, a. 1. Cuirasse: kwl"ra*se'. 2. Blinde: blaiVde'. 
armored battleship. Cuirasse (n. TO.): kwl'ras"^se'. ar- 
mored train. Train blinde (n. TO..): trail blan"de'. a. car. 
Automobile blindee: e'tO'mO'bll' blan"de'. a. observation sta- 
tion. Observatoire culrasse (n. TO.): eb*zar"va"twar' kwl"- 
'. a. cruiser. Croiseur-cuirasse (n. m.): krwa"zur' 
armorer. Armurler (n. m.): ar*mu"rr^ye'. 

armory. 1. Arsenal (?i. m.): ar"sa-ndl'. 2. Salle d'arme.s 
(n. /.): sal darm. 

arms, n. pi. 1. Armes (/.): arm (weapon). 2. Bras (m.): 
bra (limb). ground arms or order arms! 1. Reposez vo, 
armes! ra-pC'ze"' vOs^firm. 2. Descendez armes! des"_sair- 
dez'x_arm. Inspection of a. Inspection d'armes: an"spek*- 
sl'^yon' darm. ordena.! Same as GROUND ARMS! pile a.! 
Formez les faisceaux! for'me' le fe"so'. present a.! Presentez 
armes! pre*zah"tez'_arm. shoulder a.! Portez armes! por"- 
tCz'^arm. slde<a. Armes blanches: arm blahsli. slope a.! 
Armes a 1'epaule! firmz^a 16* pel'. small a. Armes portal ivcs: 
arm per*ta*tlv'. stand to a.! Aux armes! 5z_arrn. unplle 
a.! Rompez les faisceaux! ron'pg' 16 fes's6'. under a. Sous les 
armes: sQ Jez^arm. 

army. Arm6e (n. /.): ar"me'. army agent. Agent (a'saiV) 
qui (kl) tlent (tl'^yah') le (la) solde (sold) des (d6) offlciers(of"^ 
n'sl'^yg') et (6) fait (f6) tous (tQz) actes (akt) de (da) baiKiuc 
(bank) a (a) leur (lur) egard (6*gar'). a. corps. Corps d'arnif- 
(n. m.): ker dar^me'. a. council. Consell de 1'armee (n m.): 
kon*s6'^ya da Iar*m6'. a. headquarters. Quartier general de 
1'armee: kar*tl*^y6' se'ne'ral' da Iar*m6'. a. list. Annuaire 
mllltalre: an'^nu-'fir' ml'irtfir'. A. Medical Board. Conscil 
de saute de 1'armee: ken'se'^ya da san'te' da lur"me'. (.\bbr?- 
brcviated A. M. B.) a. orders. Ordres de 1'armec: erd'^ra da 
lar"me'. A. Ordnance Corps. Corps de Munitions, Materiel 
et Fourniture: ker da mu'nrsi* ^yen', ma"t6"rt*el' e fur ni tur' 
(Abbreviated A. O. C.) A. Organization Act. Loi organique 
de 1'armee: Iwq ergo'iHk' da lar*me'. A. Service Corp^ to- 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iu = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; rj = sing; ^hip; fhin; ttiis. 



attack** A SERVICE DICTIONARY 8 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g5; net; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
tendance Militaire: an'tan'dans' mTirtar'. Commonly abbrevi- 
ated A. 8. C. See ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS. A. S. C. Genera) 
Officer. Intendant-gSneral (n. m.): an"tan /r dan' 36"n6ral'. A. 
8. C. Officer In charge. Commandant (n. m.) : kom"man"dQn'. 
A. S. C. Officer In charge of supplies, Intendant de 1'armSe 
(n. m.): an"tan'dfln' da Iar"m6'. A. S. C. Officer In charge of 
first line transport. Commandant de distribution au premier 
train regim^ntalre (n. m.) : kem"man"dan' da dls"trrbu"si"^yeri' 
6 pra-mr^yS' trail rg'jrmah"tar'. A. S. C. Officer in charge 
of railhead. Commandant de gare origine d'etapes (n. m.): 
kemman"dah' da gar 0"rl"3ln' d6"ta'_pa. A. S. C. Officer In 
charge of roadhead. Commandant de tete d'etapes (n. m.): 
kem*man"dan' da let de'ta'^pa. 

around, prep. Autour: p"tiir'. 

arrangement. Disposition (. /.): dls"p5"zrsi"yen / . ascer- 
tain arrangements. S'assurer des dispositions: sas'^su're' 
d6 dIs*p6 T zrsr_yen'. make a. for. Prendre des dispositions 
pour: pran'dra de dls"po"zl''sl''x^yen' pur. 

arrest. Arr6ts (m. pi.): dr"x_re'. close arrest. 1. Arrets 
forces: ar"_re' fer"sg'. 2. Arrets de riguour: dr"^re' da rl"gur'. 
I arrest you. Je vous arrete: sa vuz^ar"^ret'a. open a. Ar- 
rets simples: ar*^re' sah'pl. put under a. Mettre aux arrets: 
met'tra 5z^ar"^re'. under arrest. Aux arrets: 6z_ar"_re'. 

arrival. Arrivee (n. /.): ar"^rrve'. 

arrive, v. Arriver: ar"^rrve'. arrive at the time set. 
Arriver a 1'heure flxee: or'^rl've' a lur flk'se'. when shall we 
a. at ? Quand arriver^ns nous a ? kan ar*rl*^va-roh' nil a. 
he has just arrived. II vient d'arriver: II vl'^ah' dar^rl'v5'. 

arsenal, n. Arsenal: ar'^a-nal'. 

artesian, a. Art^sien (m.): ar"te"zi"an'; art^sienne (/.): ar"- 
t^'zren'. In maps abbreviated Artn. 

articles. Objets (n. m.): ob"3e'. articles of equipment. 
Objets d'equipement: ob'36' de"klp*man'. See KIT. 

artificial, a. Artificiel: ar"tl"fl"sl"el'. 

artillery. Artillerie (n. /.) : ar"tl"^y a-rl'. artillery banquette 
(platform). Banquette d'artillerie (n. /.): ban"ket' dar"tr^ya- 
rt'. a. butts, proving: or practise^grounds. Polygone (n. m.): 
po'irgOn'. In maps abbreviated Polya. battery of a. Batterie 
d'artillerie (n. /.): bat'^ta-rl' dar"tr_ya-rt'. divisional a. 
Artillerie divisionnaire: ar'tr^ya-ri' drvl"zryeh''^nar'. field 
a. Artillerie de campagne: ar"tr_ya-rt' da kan'pfl'nya. garri- 
son a. Artillerie de forteresse: ar"tr^ya-n' da fer"ta-res'. heavy 
a. grosse artillerie (./.): gr5s_ar"tl"^,ya-rl'. heavy field a. 
Artillerie lourdede campagne: ar*trs_ya-rr lurd da kan'pa'nya. 
horse a. Artillerie a cheval: ar*tr^ya-rl' a sTia-val'. marine a. 
Artillerie de marine: flr"tr_ya-rr da ma'rln'. mountain a. 
Artillerie de montagne: fir"tr^ya-rl' da mon"ta'nya. siege a. 
Artillerie de siege: artl*^,ya-rl' da sl'&z'- the a. is firing. 
L'artillerie tire: lar*tr_ya-rr tlr. the a. must resume firing. 
L'artillerle doit ouvrir le feu de nouveau: lar'tl'^ya-rl' dwfit^ 
Q'vrlr' la fu da nQ"vO'. artilleryman. Artllleur (n. m.): ar*- 
tl'yur'. 

artisan, n. Ouvrier (m.): u"vrl"yg / ; ouvriere (/.): u'Vrryar'. 

artist. Artiste (n. m.): ar"tlst'. 

as, 'I'll-. & conj. Comme: kem. [asbestos). 

asbestos. Ammnte (n. /.) : a^m^dnt'o (a variety of white 

ascend, v. Monter: mon"tc / . 

ascent. L'ascension (n. /.): la"san"sl"^.yon' (of a balloon). 

ascertain, v. S'assurer de: sas"^su"re' da. ascertain that. 
S'assurer que: sas'^sii're' ka. ascertain the disposition (of 
troops, etc.). Reconnaitre les dispositions: ra-ken"^ng'tra 16 
dls'pO'zI'sI'^yen'. a. or establish the facts. Constater les 
falts: kon'sta'te' 16 f6. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iu = feud; 
dline; cliin; go; rj = sin^; ship; hin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

t; fat; fare; fast; get; 
obey; gO; net; 6r; full; rule; but; 



urtiMic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prCy; hit; police; 

ut; bOrn; a = final; 



ashes. Cendre (n./.): sori'dra. reduce to asnes. R6duire 
en cendre: re'dwl'rs an san'dra. 

ashy pale. P&le comme la cendr: p&l kem la san'^drs. 

ask. c. Demander: d&-man"dS'. 

asphyxia. Asphyxie (n. /.): as^flfzl'. 

asphyxiate, v. Asphyxier: as"fik"sl".^yg'. asphyxiating 
gas. Asphyxiant (n. m.): as*fiks"yan'. asphyxiating shell. 
Obus asphyxiant (n. m.): 6"bus' as'fiks'yan'. 

assailant. Assaillant (n. /.): as"sa"yah'. 

assault, attack, onset, storming. Assaut (n. m.) : as"^s6'. 
a successful assault, attack, etc. Un assaut heureux: aft as*^ 
6' ur*uz'. at the time set for the assault, attack, etc. Au 
moment de 1'assaut: 5 ma'man' da Ias*^s5'. If the a. or attack 
fails. Si 1'assaut echoue: si las*_so' e"Shu'. repel an a., at- 
tack, etc. Repousser un assaut: ra-pus*^se' an as"^so'. to 
make an a. Livrer un assaut: H'vre' an as'^so'. to take by 
a. or storm. Prendre d'assaut: pran'dra das'x^sO'. 

assemble, . 1. Assembler: as"san"ble'. 2. Rassembler: ros"- 
san'bie'. 

assembly, n. Rassemblement (TO.): ras"^san*bla-mdn'. 
place of assembly. Lieu derassemblement: li'yu' da ras'san*- 
bla-man'. 

assign, r. Assigner: as"^si /l 'nye', Compare ALLOT. 

assist, v. 1. Assister: as"^sls"te'. 2. Aider: a"de'. assist in 
any way. Rendre aucun service: ran'dra 0"kan' sar"vls'. 

assistance, n. 1. Aide (/.): ad. 2. Secours (m.): se'kur 7 . 
substantial assistance. Secours materiels: se'kur' ma*te"rrel'. 
assistant. Adjoint (re. m.): a*3%van'. assistant director. 
Directeur adjoint: dl'rek'tur' a'swan'. Intelligent assistant. 
Aide Intelligent: ad an'tel'irsan'. technical assistant. Ad- 
joint technique: a 5wan' tek'nlk'. 

assume, v. 1. Prendre: pran'dra. 2. Assumer: as"su / 'me'. 
assume any and every rdle. Remplir tous les roles: ran'pllr' 
tu 16 rOl. a. command. Prendre le commandement: pran'dra 
la kom*man*d9-man'. to a. or take the offensive. Prendre 
1'offensive: pran'dra lef^fan'slv'. 

astray, a. & adv. figard: e w ga"re'. to go astray. S'6garer: 



asylum, n. 1. Hospice (m.): os"pis' (refuge). Abbreviated 
Hasp, on maps. 2. Asile (m.): a'zll' (for the insane). Abbrevi- 
ated Ase on maps. 

as you were! Revenez! ra-va-ne'! (a command). 

at, prep. 1. A: a, as in "a Paris" (a pa"rl'), at Paris. 2. En: 
an. as in "en libortd" (an H"bar"te'), at liberty. 3. Chez: 
:is in "chez moi" (slie tnwd), at my home. all at 
once. Tout de suite: tu da swlt. at first. D'abord: da'ber'. 
at last. Enfln: an'fah'. at least. Au moins: 5 rnwan. at 
most. Au plus: 6 pliis. at once. De suite: da swlt. at the 
home or house of. Chez: sli6. 

attach, v. Attachcr: at"s_,ta"he'. 

attache. Attach6 (n. m.): at^ta" she'. foreign military at- 
tach6. Attache militaire a 1'etranger: at'^ta''^^ mril'tfir 7 a 
le'tran'se'. 

attack, n. & v. Attaque: at"^,tak'. attack pushed home. 
Attaque poussee a fond: af^tuk' pQ.s*v-,se' a fon. counter* 
a. Contre-attaque: kon'tr^at'^tok'. decisive a. Attaque de- 
cisive: at"v_,tdk' dS'sI'sIv'. false a. Attaque fausse: at'^tdk' 
f5s. flank a. Attaque de flanc: at'^tak' da flan. frontal a. 
Attaque de face: at'^tak' da fds. fruitless a. Attaque In- 
fructueuse: at'v^tak'^an'friik'tu'yuz'. lll>timed a. Attaque 
intempestive: at'^tak^aiVtanVpos'tlv'. rear a. Attaque 
par derriere: at*>_tak' par de'rl'^yfir'. renewed a. Attaque 
renouvelSe: at'^ttik' ra-nQ'va-16'. threatened a. Attaque 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 1O feud; 
dune; cTlin; go; = Bing; fliip; fhin; this. 



bai?dage A SERVICE DICTIONARY 10 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
imminente: at"v_,tuK'^,Ln"mI"nant'. attacker. Assaiilant (n. 
TO.): as"^sai"_yan'. attacking columns. Colonnes d'assaut: 
ke"len' das"s6'. attacking troops. Troupes d'assaut: trup 
das*s5'. 

attain, v. Atteindre: at"-_tan'^dra. attainment. 1. Ac- 
quisition (w. /.): a"klzl"sl_yen'. 2. Portee (n. /.): perte'. 

attempt, v. Essayer: es"^se"ye'. 

attempt, n. Tentative (/.): taii"ta / 'tiv'. to forestall all 
attempts. Prevenir toutes tentatives: pre"va-nir' tut tan"- 
ta'tlv'. 

attention! Garde a, vous: gdrd^a vfi. 

attract. Attirer (i>.): at"^tl"re'. 

auburn, a. Chatain (TO.): sTia"tan'; chataine (/.): sliu"tan'. 
Said of hair, and used for Identification. 

August. Aout (n. TO.): u. 

Australia. 1'Australie (n. /.) : l6"stra"H'. the Australians. 
Les Australiens (n. m.): lez^os"tra"iryan'. 

Austria. 1'Autriche (n. /.): lo"trlsh'. the Austrians. Les 
Autrichlens (n. m.): Iezx_0"trrs"hryan'. 

authority. Autorite (n. /.): 6"ter^r'te'. he exerts his au- 
thority over. II exerce son autorite sur: II ex"ars* sen 6'terTte' 
siir. authorized, a. Reglementalre: reg'la-man'tar'. 

automobile. Automobile (n. m.): e r t6"m6"bll'. 

autumn. L'automne (/?.. m. &/.): I6"ten'. 

available, a. Disponible: dls"po"nl'bl9. 

avalanche. Avalanche (n. /.): a"va"lansh'. 

avenue. Avenue (n. /.) : o/Ve-nu'. In maps abbreviated Avue. 

average, a. Moyen (m.): mwa"^.yan'; moyenne (/.): mwa"^. 
yen'. an average march. Une marche de longueur moyenne: 
iin marsh da loh"gur' mwa'yeii'. a. powers. Facultes moyennes: 
fa"kul"te' mwa'yen'. 

aviation. Aviation (n. /.): a" vlVsI'^yen'. aviation sta- 
tion. Port d'attache: p5r daf^tash'. 

aviator. Aviateur (n. m.): a"vl"a"tur'. 

avion, n. Aeroplane militaire: a"e"ro''plan' nir'll"tar'. 

avocation. Profession (n. /.): pro'^es'^I^yen'. 

avoid. Eviter (v.): e"vi"te'. avoid an engagement. Re- 
fuser le combat: ra-fii'se' la ken'ba'. 

await. Attendre (v.): at^tdn'dra. 

awake. Eveille (pa.): e"ve"ye'. [asli. 

axe. Hache (n. /.): dsli. felling axe. Grande hache: grcihd^ 

axle. Essieu (n. m.): es"v_,sl"^,yu'. front axle. Easieu* 
avant: es'^sr^yu' a'vdn'. rear or back a. Pontarrlere: 
pent^ar'^rl'^yar'. set a. to a. Ranges essleu contre essieu: 
rah'se' es'^sr^yu' ken'tr^es'sryu'. 

B 

back. Dos (n. m.) : do. back to back. Dos a dos: doz^a do. 
in the back. Au dos: <5 do. 

back. Reculer (r.): ra-ku"le'. back her. Eh arriere: an 
ar'^rl'^yar' (a command on shipboard, etc.). 

background, n. 1. Terrain en arriere: tar"s_,ran' an ar'^ri'^, 
yar'. 58. Arriere-plan (n. m.): ar*rr^,yar*-plah'. to assimilate 
with the background. Se confondre avec le terrain en arriere: 
sa ken'fon'dra a"vek' la ter"^,rah' an^,ar*^rt*^yar / . 

back-sight, n. Cran de mire (m.): kran da mlr. 

bacon. Lard (n. m.): Idr. 

bad, a. Mauvais (m.): m6"va'; mauvaise (/.): mo"vaz'. 

badge. 1. Ecusson (n. TO.): e"kus"^sen. 2. Brassard (n. m.): 
bras'sar' (armlet). collar badge. Ecusson de col: e'ku8"'^8en > 

I = habit; aisle; au = oui; ell; iQ = feud; 

dune; Chin; go; rj = siny; Sllip; thin; this. 



11 A SKRY'Ci: DICTIONARY bandage 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
da kol. neutrality badge. Insigne de neutrallte: afr'sl'ya da 
nu'tra'irte'. 

bag. Sac (n. m.): sak. kit*bag. Havresac: ha"vra-sok'. 
Compare KIT. sand'bag. Sac a terre: sak a tar. section sb. 
Sac de distribution: sak da dls'trt'bii'sr^yeh' . sleeping* 
bag. Sac de couchage: sak da ku'shfls'. Colloquially termed 
flea'bag: sac a puce: sak a piis. 

baggage, luggage. Bagage (n. m.): ba"gaj'. baggage car. 
Wagon de bagage: va'goh' da ba'gas'. 

bailer, ficope (n. /.) : e'ko'^pa. 

baker. Boulanger (n. m.): bu"lan"3e'. 

bakery. Boulangerie (n. /.) : bu"lan"3a-ri / . field *bakery, . 
Boulangerie de campagne: bu'lah'sa-rl' da kam*pa'_nya. 
baking. La cuisson (n. /.) : la k\vis*^seh'. 

balance of power. Balance politique: ba'lans' pelVtlk'. 

balancing tip. Aileron (n. m.): a"la-ren'. 

bald, a. Chauve: shov. baldness. Calvitie (n. /.): 
kal'vl'sl'. 

baler, n. 1. Louche a puiser: lush a pwl'ze'. 2. Ecope (n. /.): 
C'kOp'. 

balk. Poutrelle (n. /.): pu*trel'. clawbalk, n. Poutrelle a 
griffes: pu'trel'^o grlf. false b. Fausse poutrelle de guindage: 
f5s pu'trel' da gah'das'. hinged b. Poutrelle a charniere: 
pu'trel' a shar'nl'^yar'. jointed b. Poutrelle articulee- 
pu'trel' ar*tr_kii*ie'. planked truss b. Poutrelle en planches: 
pu'trel' an plahsh. shore-b, n. Poutrelle de culee: pu'trel' da 
kii'le'. short b. Poutrelle courte: pu'trel' kurt. truss=b. 
made of chesses. Poutrelle en madriers: pu'trel' an ma'drl*^, 
ye'. 

ball. 1. Balle (n. /.): bal (bullet; shot). 2. Bille (n. /.): bl'ya 
(hilliard'ball) . ball-bearing, n. 1. Coussinet a billes: kQs'sI'ne' a 
bl'^-ya. 2. Roulement a billes: ru'la'mon a bl'^ya. 

ballast. Lest (n. m.): lest. 

ballista. Baliste (. /.) : ba"llst'. 

balloon, n. 1. Aerostat (m.): a'^ros'ta'. 2. Ballon (m.): bal"-^ 
leh'. balloon companies. Compagnies d'aerostiers: ken'pa"- 
nyl da'e'res'tryfi'. b. reconnaissance. Reconnaissance par 
ballon: rg'ken'ng'sans' par bal'^len'. captive b. Ballon cap- 
tif: bal'^len' kap'tlf. dirigible b. Ballon dirigeable: bal'^leh' 
dl'rl'sab'^la. free balloon. Ballon libre: bal'^len' ll'^bra. 
Inflate a b. Gonfler un ballon: gan'fle' an bal'^len'. kite b. 
Ballon aux certs-volants: bal'_len' s6rf vo'lan'. observations 
from b. Observations faites en ballon: eb'zar*va'sr_yeh' fat 
ah bal'^lon'. pilot b. Ballon pilote: bal*_len' pl'lo'. test 
b. or feeler. Ballon d'essai- bullion des'^sa'. 

balloonist, n. Arostier: a"e ff res''ti / '^ye'. balloonlsts' sec- 
tion. Section d'aerostiers: sek'sl'^yon' da'e'res'tr^yc'. 

band, n. 1. Bandeau (m.) : ban"do'. 2. Musique (/.) : mu"zlk'. 
bandmaster. Chef de musique: slief de mu'zlk'. dressing -- 
band. Bandage (n. m.): bah'dds'. military b. Musique mlli- 
talre: mu'zlk' ml'H'tar'. the band. I,a musique: la mu'zlk'. 
white arm b. Brassard blanc: bras'sar' blah. bandsman. 
Musicien (n. m.) : mii'zrsr^yah'. 

bandage. Bandage (n.m.): ban*dd3'. circular b. Bandage 
clrculaire: bah'das' slr'kii'lar'. double T b. Bandage en 
T double: bah* das' ah te du'bla. many Called b. Bandage 
de frondes: bah'das' da frond. my bandage is untied. Mon 
bandage est delie: man bah'das' e de'H'^ye'. oblique b. 
Bandage circulaire oblique: bah'das' slr'kii'lar' o'bllk'. reverse 
spiral b. Bandage renverse: bah'das' rah'vfir'se'. roller b. 
Bande (n. /.) : band. simple spiral b. Bandage spiral ou roule: 
bah* das' spI'ral'^Q ru*16'. square b. Bandage carre: bah'dfis' 
kar*^r6'. triangular b. Bandage trlangulaire: bah'das' trl*- 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; eil; ip = feud; 

diine; cliin; go; I) = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 12 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; g6; net; e>; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

on"gu"lar'. T shaped b. Bandage en T simple: ban"daa' an 

te san'pla. 
bank* (Slope or ridge'). 1. Berge (n. //): bars. 2. Rive (n./.): 

rlv. character of banks and ground. Caractfire dea rivea et 

du terrain: ka"rak"tar' d5 rlv 6 dii ter"ran'. 
bank 2 (Depository for money). Banque (n. /.): bank. I wish 

to go to the bank. Je veux aller a la banque: 33 vu ar^lg' a 

la bank. 
bank, v. (Aviation). Pencher: par^'sTie'' (incline: said of driving 

an aeroplane). 
banquette. Banquette (n. /.) : ban"ket' (firing*bank or "plat- 

form). Infantry banquette. Banquette d'lnfanterie: ban"ket' 

dan"fan"ta-rl'. 
Bantam, n. Bantam: ban"tdn' (English infantryman below 

5 ft. 3 In. in height). 

barbed wire. Fil*defer barbell: ffl"*de*&r' bar"ba-le'. 
barber. Coiffeur (n. TO.): kwaf'^fur'. 
barbette. Barbette (n. /.): bdr"bet' (firing tplat form for can- 

non). barbette gun. Piece en barbette: pF'yas'^an bar"bet'. 
bareback, a. & adv. A poil: a pwdl. 
barefoot, a. & adv. Nu pieds: nil pl"^ye'. 
barge. 1. Chaland (n. m.) : sha"ldh'. 2. Mahonne (n. /.) : ma"- 

6n'. bargeman. Batelier (n. m.): ba"ta-H"^ye'. 
bark. I. n. Aboierrent: a"bwa"mdn'. II. v. Aboyer: a"bwa"_, 

ye'. barking of dogs. L'aboiement des chlens: la"bwa*man' 



barley. Orge (n. /.): er^. barley com, n. Grains d'orge: 

gran derg. b.smeal, n. Farine d'orge: fa"rln' derj. 
barn. Grange (n. /.): grans. On maps abbreviated Gge. 

barnsfloor, . Aire de la grange: flr da la grans. 
barndook, barn"duk', n. [Soldiers' slang.] A rifle. 
barracks. Caserne (n. /.): ka"zarn'. Sometimes abbreviated 

Casne. barrack accommodation. Casernement: ka"zar"na- 

mah'. b. warden. Casernier (n. m.): ka"zar"n!*^ye'. 
barrage. Barrage (n. m.): baf"rd3'. (Shell*fire concentrated, 

as along a given line.) Compare CURTAIN OF FIRE under CURTAIN. 
barrel (for water), n. Baril: ba"rl'. barrel of a rifle. Canon 

d'un fusil : ka'nen' dan fu"zl'. barrel ^casing, n. Enveloppe du 

canon: an"va^lOp' dii ka"nen'. 
barricade. Barricade (n. /.) : bdr"_ri"kdd'. 
barrier. BarriSre (n. /.) : bdr"ri",_.yar'. Sometimes abbreviated 

Bre. 
base, n. Base (/.): bdz. advanced base. La base avan- 

cee: la baz_a"van"se'. base of support. Point d'appui: 

pwaii dap'pwl'. 

base, v. 1. fitablir: e"ta"bllr'. 2. Baser: ba'ze'. 
basement. Sous*sol (n. m.): su"ser. 
basin. 1. Bassin (n. m.): bas"san' (of a river). On maps ab- 

breviated Bin. It. Cuvette: kii"vet' (wash*basin) . 
basket. Panier (n. m.): pa"nl"^ye'. 
bastion. Bastion (n. m.) : bas"ti",_,yen'. 
bath (cold, hot). Bain froid (n. m.): ban frwd; bain chaud 

(n. m.): ban ShO. 

bathe, v. Se baigneix sa ba"nye'. 
batman. Ordonnance d'un officier (n. m.): er"den"^ndns' 

dan ef'^fl'sr^ye' (a military servant). 
battalion. Bataillon (n. m.): ba"tai"-^yen / . 
batten, n. 1. Latte (/.): Idt'^te. 2. Lattis (m.): laf^ti'. 
battery (aitillery). Batterie (n. /.) : baf^ta-rl'. On maps ab- 

breviated Batle. field battery. Batterie de campagne: baf^. 

ta-rl' da kan'pa'^nya. fighting b. Batterie de tir: bat"_ta-ri' 
eened b. Batterie d<5fllee: 



da tlr. screened b. Batterie d<5fllee: bat'^ta-rr dS'^'ie'. siege 
i -= habit; . aisle; an = out; oil; iQ - feud; 
diine; cliin; go; n = sing; tfhip; thin; this, 



i.J A SKRV1CE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; 6r; full; rQle; but; burn; 3 = final; 
b. Batterie de siege: bat'^ta-ri' da sT^yeV to move a b. D6- 
placer une batterie: d6'pla*s6' Qa bat'^te-rl'. 

battle. Bataille (n. /.): bo'toi'. battle array. Ordre de 
bataille: Qr'dra da ba'tai'. battlefront, n. See FRO.VT. 
pitcued b. Bataille rangee: ba'tai' ran'se'. protracted b. 
Une bataille prolonged: iiu ba'tai' pr6"leh*36'. 

battlecruiser, n. Croiseur de bataille: krwa"zf>r / da ba"toi'. 

battle-field, n. Champ de bataille (n. m.); slum da ba"tai'. 

battleship, n. Cuirass6 (n. m.): ku"ro"se'. 

bay 1 , a. Bai (m.), baie (/.): be (redd ish*br own, as the coat of 
a horse). For variations see the following. blood bay. Bai 
cerise: be se'rlz'. brown bay. Bai brun: be brun. light b. Bai 
i-lair: b klar. 

bay 2 , n. 1. Baie (./.): ba (inlet). On maps abbreviated B. 
2. (Arch.) Travee: tra've'. 3. Intervalle: aii'tar'vai'. bay or 
bow window. Fenetre rotonde: fa-na'tra rS'tend'. 

bayonet. Baionnette (n. /.): bai"^yen"^net'. bayonet* 
belt, n. Porte-balonnette (n. /.): pert bai*_yen"^net'. bayo- 
net >charge, n. Charge a la baionnette (n. /.): shflrs a la 
bai'_yen'^net'. b.>frog, n. Porte*baionnette (n. m.): pert 
bai'^,yan'_net'. b.'practise, n. Escrime a la baionnette: 
cs'krlm' a la bai'^yen'v_net'. b.stop. Arretoir de baion- 
nette: ar'^ra'twar' da bai'^yen'^net'. b. wound, n. Bles- 
sure de baionnette: bles'sur 7 da bai*^,yen'^,net'. fix bayonets. 
Balonnette au canon: bai*>_yeh'^net' 6 ka"nen'. trench*b., n. 
Baionnette courtede tranchee: bai*^yeh'_net' kart da tran'she'. 
the bayonet only Is to be used. On ne se servira que de 
la baionnette: en na sa sar*vrra' ka da la bai*^.yen*^,net'. 
with fixed b. Baionnette au canon: bai'^yeh'^net' 6 ka'nen'. 

be. Etre (r.): e'tra. (For parts of this verb see Appendix. 
For Interrogatives the positions of pronoun and verb are re- 
versed: as. suis-jef Am I? sommes nous? Are we?) 

beach. Plage (n. /.) : plds. 

beacon. 1. (Light or fire.) Feu (n. m.): fu. 2. (Landmark or 
sea-mark.) (1) Amer: a'mar'. (2) Balise: ba'llz'. 3. Phare: far. 

beam. 1. (Of a house.) Poutre (n. /.) : pu'tra. 2. (Of a ship.) 
Bau (n. m.): b(5. crossbeam. Traverse (re. /.): tra'vars'. 
main beam (of a ship). Maitre bau: ma'tra bo. 

bean. Haricot (n. m.): a"rrko'. 

bear, r. 1. (Carry.) Porter: por^te'. 2. (Aim.) Tiror sur: 
tl're' sur. artillery was brought to bear on . . . L'anillerio 
fut amenee a tirer sur. . . : lar*tr_ya-rl' fQ a'ma-n6' a tl'rg' sur. 
to b. In mind. 1. Xe pas oublier: ua pas^,QblI*y6'. 'i. s 
mettre dans 1'esprit: se met'tra dan le'sprl'. to b. the brunt 
of the attack. Supporter le fort de 1'attaque: sup'per*tC' la 
for da laf^tfik'. 

beard. Barbe (n. /.): barb. beard beginning to grow. 
Barbe naissante: barb n&s'^saht'. pointed b. Barbe en 
pointe: barb an pwaht. 

bearer, n. 1. Porteur (n. m.): per"tur'; porteuse (n. /.): por"- 
tuzs'. 2. Brancardier (n. m.): brah'kar*dl*_ ye'. bearer di- 
vision. Section de brancardiers (n. /.): sek'sl'^yen' da bran*- 
kardl_ye'. b. of a letter. Porteur d'une lettre: pertur' dun 
16t'_tra. b. of a flag of truce. Parlementuire (n. m.): por"la- 
raan'tar'. colonb. Porte-drapeau (n. m.): pert dra'pO'. 
guidon 'b. (of cavalry). Porte-guidon (n.m.): pert gl* don'. 
standard b. (of Infantry). Porteetendard (n. m.): pert*^ 
e'tah'dar'. bearers' company. Compagnie de brancardiers: 
keh'pa'^nyl' da bran'kar*dl*^y6'. 

bearing, n. 1. (Mechanical.) (I) Coussinet: kus* r _sl / 'n6'. (2) 
Roulement: rQ'la-man'. 2. (Direction.) Direction: dl'rek'sl'^ 
yen'. general bearing. Direction generale: dl*rek"sr_yoh' 
Sfi'ne'ral'. find one's bearings. S'orienter: sSrTah'tC'. 

beat. Battre (p.): bat^tra. beat the enemy with his 

l - habit; aisle; au = out; eil; 1Q - feud: 

dtlne; cliin; go; g = sing; fllip; (bin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 14 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
own tactics. Battre 1'ennemi en lui empruntant sa propre tac- 
tique: bat'tra le'na-ml' an Iw! aiVpran"tan' sa pro'pra tak'tlk'. 
to b. back the rushes. Repousser les assauts: re"pus"_se' lez_ 



beautiful, a. Beau (TO.): bo; belle (/.): bel. 

beauty-spot, n. Grain de beaut6 (n. m.): gran da bo"te'. 

Used in identification. 

Beauvais, b6"ve', n. Town in northern France. 
because, conj. Parce que: pdr'sa-ka. 
become, v. Devenir: dev"9-mr'. 
bed, n. Lit (n. m.): ll. bed and board (food). Lit et a 

manger: II 6 a man'se'. can I have a b.? Puisje avoir un lit? 

pwl'^sa^a'vawar' an II. put to b. Mettre au lit: met'^tra 5 II. 
beechstree, n. Hetre (n. m.): he'tra. 
beef. Boeuf (n. m.): burf; or viande de bosuf: vf'dnd' da burf. 

canned or tinned beef. Boauf en boite d'etaiu: burf an 

bwat' de'tari'. preserved b. Bceuf en conserve: burf an ken"- 

sarv'. See BULLY BEEF. 
beer. Biere (n. /.): bi"^,yar'. 
beetroot. Betterave (n. /.) : bet"_trdv'. 
before, adv. Avant: a"vdn'. 
begin, v. Commencer: kem' / v^man"se / . 
beginning. Commencement (n. m.): kem"^man"sa-mdn'. 

at the very beginning. Tout au debut: tut^o de'bii'. 
behalf. Part (n. /.): par. in behalf of. Au nom de: 6 neii 

da. on behalf of. De la part de: da la par da. on behalf of 

the admiralty. Au nom de 1'amiraute: o neh da la"ml"ro'te'. 
behind, prep. 1. Derrire: der",_,ri"yar'. 2. Par derriere: par 

der*^,rl"^yar'. 3. En arriere: an ar'^rl'^yar'. 
belfry, n. Same as BELL*TOWER. 
Belgian, a. & n. Beige (n. m. & /.): beb. the Belgians. 

Les Beiges: le bels. 

Belgium, n. La Belgique (, /.) : Id bel^ik'. 
Belgrade, bel"grdd', n. Capital of Serbia. 
bell. Sonnette (n. /.): sen"s^net'. belltower or belfry, n. 

Clocher (n. m.) : kle"she'. On maps, Cler. 
belligerent. Belligerant (n. m.): ber^H"3e"rdn / . 
belly, ?i. Ventre (n. m.): vdn'tra. belly 'band, n. Sous* 

ventriere: su'van'trl'^yar'. 
belong. Appartenir (v.): ap"^par"ta-nlr'. 
below, prep. En bas: an bd. see below. Voyez ci*dessous: 

vwa'^ye' si'-des"su'. 
belt, n. 1. Ceinture (n. /.) : san"tiir'. 2. Bande (n. /.) : band. 

beltsplate. Plaque de ceinturon (/.): plak da san'tu'ren'. 
c-holerasb. Ceinture de flanelle: san'tur' da fla'nel'. "Sam 
Brown" b. Ceinture et accessoires: san'tur' e aks'^ses'^swar' 

swords or waist=b. Ceinturon (n. m.): san'tu'ron'. 
bend or hitch. Noeud (n. TO.): riu. 

berm. 1. Berme (n. /.): barm (ledge or bench). 2. Accotement 
(n. m.): ak'^ko'ta-man' (narrow level at the outside foot of a 
parapet). 

berth (of a ship), 1. n. Poste d'amarrage (n. m.) : post da"- 
mar*^ra3'. 3. Cabine (/.): ka'bln' (aboard ship) . berthing (a 
ship), n. Mise a qua! (d'un navire): mlz^,a kg dan na'vlr'. 

Besancon, be"zah"sen', n. Town in eastern France. 

besides, adv. 1. Aussi: 6s"-_-sI'. 2. D'ailleurs: dai"^,yur'. 

besiege, v. 1. Assiger: as"^si"^ye".3e'. 2. Faire le siege: 
far la sr^ygs'. besieged, pa. Assiege: as'^si'^ye'se'. be- 
sieger. Assiegeant (re. m.) : as"_sr_ye"3an'. besieging force. 
Force assiegeante: fOrs^as'^sr^ye'sant'. 

betray, v. 1. Trahir: tra'^ylr'. 2. Dceler: de"sa-le'. to 
betray oneself. Se trahlr: sa tra'^ylr'. b. their positions. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; eiH ifl = feud; 

dilne; cTiin; go; rj = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



15 A SERVICE DICTIONARY bea "/lack 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; gO; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
Deceler leure positions: de'sa-le' lur pozl*sr_yen'. betrayer. 
Traitre (n. m.): trft'tra. 

better, adv. Mieux: mT^yu'. I am better. Je vais mieux: 
38 v6 ml'yu'. See ALLER, in Appendix. I feel b. Je me sens 
mieux: 33 ma son inTyu'. See SENTIR, in Appendix. he is 
b. II va mieux: II va mT_yu'. See ALLER, in Appendix. 

between, prep. Entre: an'tra. 

beware, v. Prendre garde: pran'dra gdrd. beware! Prenez 
garde! pre'ng' gard! 

beyond, adv. Au dela de: 6 da-Id' da. from beyond the 
seas. D'outremer: du'tramar'. 

bias, a. Pr6jug6: pre"5u"3e'. biased, a. Partial (m.), par- 
tiale (/.) : parsl*^yul'. biased mind. Esprit prevenu: es'pri' 
pre'va-nii'. 

bicarbonate of soda. Bicarbonate de soude: bl"kar"be''ndt' 
da sud. 

bicycle, n. Bicyclette (n. /.) : bi"sl"klet'. 

big, a. 1. Gros (m.): gro; grosse (/.): gros. 2. Grand (m.): 
gran; grande (/.): grand. big'boy, n. [Soldiers' slang.] A gun 
having a bore of more than 8 inches. Big Willie. The Brit- 
ish soldiers' nickname for the German Emperor. the Big 
Push. The battle of the Somme: British soldiers' name. 

bill. 1. Note (n. /.): not. 2. Billet (n. m.): bi"^ye'. 

billet. I. n. 1. Billet de logement: bi"^.ye' da I63"mdn'. 2. 
Cantonnement (n.m.): kan'ten'^na'mdh'. II. v. Loger: lo'se'. 
toillet 'guard, n. Garde de logement (n. /.): gard da Io3"man' 
(a guard posted to protect the billet of soldiers). b. without sub- 
sistence or sustenance. Billet de logement sans nourriture: 
bi'yg' da los'^man' san nur'^rl'tur'. b. with subsis- 
tence or sustenance. Billet de logement avec nourriture: br_y6' 
da Ips'man' a'vek' nur'^rt'tur'. close b. Cantonnements re- 
serres: kah'teh'^na-man' ra-sar*re'. ordinary b. Cantonne- 
ments ordinaires: kan*teh"_na-manz'^er"dl"nar'. reserve b. 
Cantonnemeut d'alerte: kah*ten"^,na-mafi' da'lart'.^ to evacu- 
ate the b. Quitter le cantonnement: klt'te' la kan'teh'^na- 
mdh'. to go into or occupy b. Prendre possession du can- 
tonnement: pran'dra pos'^ses'^sr^yeh' du kan'ten'^na- 
man'. billeting, n. Logement des troupes: los'mah' dS trup 
billeting area. 1. Surface de cantonnement: sur*fas' da kah"- 
ten'^na-mah'. 2. Superncie couverte: su"par*frsi' ku'vart'. 
b. officer. Offlcier de billets de logement: ef'^fTsr^ye' da bl_ 
ye' da 153* man'. b. orders, b. paper. Billets de logement: 
bl'ye' da lOs'mfin'. b. party. Campement de cantonnement: 
kanp'mah' da kan'tah'^na-man'. 

billhook. Serpe (n. /.) : sarp. 

biplane. Biplan (n. m.) : bl"pldn'. [prisoner'. 

bind, v. 1. Lier: ll*^ye' (tie). 2. Garroter: gar w ^r6 ff te' (o 

birch tree. Bouleau (n. m.): bu"lo'. 

bird. Oiseau (n. m.): wd"zo'. [naissance: sur da nas*sans'. 

birth, n. Naissance (/.): nas"sdns'. birthday, n. Jourde 

biscuit, n. Biscuit (n. TO.): bls'kwi'. bisruit tins. Caisses a 
biscuit en etain: k5s a bls'kwf an e'tan'. b. and sugar. DC 
biscuit et du sucre: da bls'kwl' 6 du sii'kra. 

bisected, a. DivisS en deux: dl"vrze' an du. 

bishop, fi-veque (n. m.): e"vek' bishop's house. Evech6 
(n. m.): g"\-6*8h6'. 

bit. 1. Morceau (n. TO.) : meVso'. 2. Mors (n. TO.) : mor. 3. Froin 
(n. m.) : fran (mouthpiece of a bridle) . 

bite, r. Mordre: mer'dra. 

bitt. Bitto (n. /.): bit. 

bivouac. 1. Bivouac- (/;. 7/1.): bl"vu"dk'. 2. Cantonnement (n. 
ni.): kah*ton*^na-mdn'. 

black, a. Noir (m.), noire (/.): nwqr. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iu = iVcd; 

diine; cllin; go; n = sing; sllip; fhin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 16 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; d =-= final; 

blacksmith. Forgeron (n. m.); ter"^8-ren'. 

blade. 1. Lame (n. /.): 1dm (of a sword). 2. Branche d'hclice: 
brflnsli dC'ils' (of a propeller). 

blank, a. Faux (m.): fo; fausse (/.): f6s (said of ammunition). 
blank cartridge. Cartouche a blanc: kar"tagh' a blan. 
to fire with blank cartridge. Tirer & blanc: tl"r5' a blan. 

blanket. Couverture (n. /.): ku"var"tur'. bring me a 
blanket. Apportezmoi une couverture: ap"^,per"t6' mwa tin 
ku"vfir"tur'. soldier's b. or rug. Couverture de campement: 
ktrvar'tur' da kanp"a-man'. take no blankets. Portez pas 
de couvertures: per"te' pa da ku"var*tur'. 

blast-furnace. Haut-fourneau (n. m.): 6Mur"no'. 

blaze, v. Marquer: mar"ke' (said of trees)_. blaze the trees. 
Marquez 1'ecorce des arbres: mar"k6' 16"kers' dez^ar'bra. 

bleed, v. Saigner: se"^nye'. bleeding. Saignement (n. m.): 
se"_uya-mah'. 

"Blighty," ?i. [Soldiers' slang.] England. From the East 
Indian Belalt, Europe. 

blimp, n. [Soldiers' slang.] A small airship. 

blind, a. Aveugle (m. &/.) : a'Vu'^glo. blind alley. 1. Cul 
desac: kurda-sak'. 2. Impasse (n. /.): an'pos'. 

blindfold, v. Bander les yeux: ban"de' lez^yu. 

blinds. Blindes (n. pi.)' bland (screen of wood or metal). 

blinking. I. a. Clignotant: kli"ny5 ff tan'. II. n. m. Cligne- 
ment: klTnya-man'. Used in identification. 

blister. Ampoule (n. /.): ari"pul'. 

block, n. 1. Encombrement (n. m.}: an"ken"brd-man'. 2. 
Enchevetrement (n. m.): an"sha-ve"tra-man'. 

block, t>. 1. Fermer: far"me'. 2. Barrer: bar"^re'. 3. Bloquer: 
blo"ke'. to block a road or thoroughfare. Fermer un che- 
min, ou une route: far"me' an slia-man', u tin rut. 

blockade. I. n. Blocus (m.): ble"ku'. II. v. Faire le blocus 
de: far la blo'ku' da. blockaderunnlng, n. Forcement de 
blocus: fer"sa-man' da ble"ku'. raise the blockade. Lever le 
blocus: la-ve' la ble"ku'. [H'_bra. 

blocked, a. 1. Barree (a. /.): bar"^r6'. 2. Pas libre: pa. 

blockhouse. 1. Bastide (n. /.): bas"tld'. On maps Bide. 
2. Blockhaus (n. m.): ble'kSs'. On maps Bl. 

blond, a. & n. Blond (m.): blen; blonde (/.): blend. 

blood. Sang (n. m.) : son. bath of blood. Bain de sang: ban 
da son. (German name for the battle of the Somme.) check or 
stop the flow of b. Arretez le saignement: ar*r6t6' la s6*_ 
nya-man'. 

blotting spaper. Papier buvard (n. m.): pa"pl"^ye' bu"vdr'. 

blouse. Blouse (n. f.) : bluz'_a. 

blow. I. (n. TO.): Coup: ku. II. v. Souffler: suf^fle'. the 
wind blows the smoke toward the defenders. Le vi ,u 
chasse la fumee vers les defcnseurs: la van slias la fti'mf' var le 
dfiTan'sur'. to blow up. Faire sauter: far s5"t6'. to b. up 
with petards. Petarder: p6*tar"de'. to strike a crushing b. 
at the enemy. Porter un coup ecrasant a 1'ennemi: per"te' 
an kQ 6"kra"sant'^a len"_na-ml'. to strike a decisive b. 
Porter un coup decisif: per"tC' an kQ dc'sl'slf. 

blue, a. bleu (m.) ; bleue (/.) : blu. bluejackets, n. 1. Marina 
de 1'Etat: ma'rah' da le'ta'. 2. Matelots de la marine de guerre: 
ma"ta-15' da la ma'rln' da gar. 

bluff. I. a. Brusque (TO. & /.): briisk. II. n. 1. Berge (/.): 
bars. 2. Escarpement (m.): es"kar"_pa-mSh'. 

B. M. G. C., abbr. Brigade MachineGun Company. 

board, n. 1. Planche (/.) : planch (plank). 2. Pension (/.) : pan"- 
sl'^yen' (food). 3. Conseil (m.) : keh'sfi'^ya (council). board of 
reference. Le consell consultatif : la kefi'86'.^ya ken'sQl'ta'tlf. 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; lu =- feud; 

dlino; cllin; go; n = sin^; sliip; fhin; this. 



17 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prfiy; hit; police; 

Obey; gO; net; Or; full; rule; but; bOrn; a = final; 
distribution fo. Tableau de distribution: tao'lo'dadis'tri'bu*- 
sT^yen'. on b. ship. A bord d'un bateau: a ber dan ba*to'. 

boat, n. 1. Bateau (TO.) : ba"to'. On maps Bat. 2. Nacelle (/.): 
na'sel' (skiff or car of a balloon). 3. Canot (m.): ka'no' (ship's 
cutter). 4. Embarkation (/.): an'bar'ka'sr^yen' (wherry). 
collapsible boats. Bateaux pllants (n. in.): ba'tO' pll'an'. I 
am going to the b. Je m'ea vais au bateau: 33 man v6 5 ba"t(5'. 
the boats were sunk. Les bateaux furent coules a fond: le 
ba'to' fur kii'le' a fen. 

boatswain, n. Maftre d'6quipage: ma'^tra de"kl ff po3'. 

Boche (n. TO.): bosh (French nickname for a German). 

body, n. 1. Corps (m.): ker. 2. Gros (m.): gro (main body 
of an army). 3. Calsse (/.): k6s (of a vehicle). 4. Cadavre (m.): 
ka'dav'^ra (corpse). bodybandage, n. Bandage plein: ban"- 
das' plan. the main b. Le gros: la gro. 

bog, 71. Tourbiere (/.): tur"bl"_yar'. 

bogie, 71. Bogie (/.): bo'sl' (truck). bogie>coacb, n. Wagon 
a bogies: va'gon'^a b5*3l'. 

boil, v. Bouillir: bu*ylr'. 

boiler, n. Chaudiere (/.): sli6"dl"yar'. 

bold, a. Hardi (TO.), hardie (/.): ar"dl'. boldness. Har- 
diesse (n. /.): ar*dr_yes'. to act with great boldness. Agir 
avec grande hardiesse: a'slr'^a'vek' grand^ar*dr^,yes'. 

bollard or warping*post. Corps mort (n. m.): ker mer. 

bolt, n. 1. Goupille (/.): gu"pl' (pin). 2. Ecrou (m.): e"kru' 
(screwnut). 3. Levier (m.): la-vl'^ye' (lecer^boin. 

bolt, v 1. Bourrer: bur"s^re'. 2. S'emportcr: san"per"te'. 

bomb, n. 1. Bombe (/.): ben'v_ba. 2. Obus (m.): 6"bii' 
(shell) . b.proof, n. A 1'epreuve d'obus ou de bombe: a 16*- 
pruv' do'bii' u de ben'^ba. b. 'proof cover. Abri bllnde: a'brl' 
blan'dS'. lncendlary*bomb, n. Bombe Incendiaire: ben'ba 
an'sarTdTyar'. to drop or throw a b. 1. Jeter une 
bombe: 39-16' iin ben'ba. 2. Lancer une bombe: Ian*s6' tin ben'ba. 
b. <thrower, n. Lance-bombe (m.): lans ben'ba. 

bombard, v. Bombarder: ben"bar"de'. bombardment. 
Bombardement (n. m.): ben'bar*da-man'. bombardment: 
battery, counterbattery, n. Batterie de bombardement ou 
contre batterie: bat'^ta-rl' da ben"bcir"da-man' Q ken'tra bat*^ 
ta-rt'. protected against b. A 1'abrl d'un bombardement: 
a la'brl' d'an ben'bor'da-man'. 

bombsight. Viseur (n. m.): vl"zur'. 

bona fide, a. De bonne foi (m. & /.) : da ben'^ua fwa. 

bone, n. Os (m.): 6. 

bonnet, n. 1. Chapeau (m.): slia*po' (of a woman). 2. Bonnet 
(m.): ben*_ne' (of a Scotsman). 

book, 71. Livre (TO.): llv'^,r a. bookstall, w. Bibliotheciue 
des chemins de fer (/.) : bl*bll'o*tek' de .-aia-man' da far. book- 
Ingsofflce. Guichet (n. m.): gl'sTie'. b.<clerk, n. See TICKET- 
CLERK. [(/.) : Sh5n (of a harbor). 

boom, n. 1. Boutehors (m.): bufer' (of a ship). 2. Chaine 

boot, n. 1. Soulier (TO.): su'll^ye'. 2. Botte (/.): bet'^ta 
(for a man). 3. Bottine (/.) : bet* _ tin' (for a woman). 4. Chaus- 
sure (/.): Sh5s*^,sur / (footwear in general). 5. [Soldiers' slang.] 
Godillot (m.): gS'dl'yO'. boot'laces. 1. Lacets (m. pi.): la'sfi'. 
2. Lacets de bottines (m. pi.) : Ia*s6' da bet'^tln'. give me some 
bl. Donnezmoi des laceta de bottines: den'^nfi' mwa d6 la*s<5' 
da bet'^tln'. 

bootmaker, n. Cordonnier (n. TO.) : ke^den^nr^yg'. 

boots, n. pi. Bottes (/.) bet'^ta. ammunition boots- 
Brodequins (m. pi.) : br5*_da-kan'. high b. Bottes a I'ecuygre: 
bet'^tas^a ie'twryftr 7 . mess>b. Demi-bottea: da-mi' bet'^ta. 
rldlng'b., n. Bottes a 1 Scuyere- bet'^za IC'kwI'yar'. rubber 
b. Bottes en caoutchouc: bot'^tas^an ka'Q'sliQ'. services 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; e^H itt = feud- 

dUne; Cliin; go; n = sinu; -Ship; fhin; this. 



bridge A SERVICE DICTIONARY 18 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

b. Brodequlns (m. pi.): bro"da-kan'. Wellington b. Bottes 

molles: bet'^ta inol. 
booty. Butin (n. m.): bu"tan'. 
boracic, a. Borique (m. & /.): bo"rlk'. boraclc acid. 

Acide borique (n. f.): a"s!d' bS'rlk'. b. powder. Poudre 

boriquee (n. /.): pQ'^-dra bO'rt'ke'. b. vaseline. Vaseline 

boriquee: va"s9-lln' bo"ri"ke'. 

Bordeaux, ber"dd', n. Town in southwestern France. 
bore. Ame (n. /.) : dm. borehole, n. Same as BORIXC, 2. 
boring, n. 1. Forage (m.) : fe"rd3'. 2. A16sage (TO.) : a"le"sd3'. 

boringsbar. Barre a mine (re. /.) : bar_a mln. h.=hit. Pis- 

tolet de mine (n. m.): pls"te"le' da mln. b.smachine. 1. Per- 

foratrice (re. /.) : par*fe"ra*trls'. 2. Perceuse (n. /.) : par*80z'. 
born, n. Ne (m.); nee (/.): ne. 

borough, n. Bourg (n. m.) : burg. Abbreviated Eg. 
Bosnia, n. Bosnie (n. /.): bez"nl' (Austrian province). 
Bosporus, n. Bosphore (n. m.): bes"fer' (strait between Black 

Sea and Sea of Marmora). 
both, a. 1. Tous les deux: tu le du. 2. L'un et 1'autre: 

Ian ^,6 lo'^tra. 
bottle, n. J. Bouteille (/.): bu"te'^y8. 2. Carafe (/.): ka"rdf 

(decanter). oibbottle or cruet, n. Burette a 1'huile: bu"ret'^a 

Iwll. 
bottom. Fond (n. m.): fen. kind of bottom. Nature du 

fond: na'tur' du fen. muddy b. Fond de vase: fen da vaz. 

rocky or stony b. Fond de roche: fen da rO'^slia. sandy b. 

Fond de sable: fen da sa'^bla. 
bough, n. 1. Branche (/.): brdnsli (large). 2. Rameau (m.): 

ra"mo' (small). 
bound, boundary. Lisiere (n. /.): irzl"ar'. boundary* 

stone. Borne (n.f.): ber ^,na. Abbreviated Bne. out of bounds. 

Hors des limites: her de ll'mlt'. 
bow (of a ship). Avant (n. m.): a"vdn'. 
bowels. 1. Intestins (n. TO.): an"tes"tan'. 2. Entrailles 

(n. f. pi.) : an*trai'-^.ya. 
box. Botte (n. /.): bwdt. boxcar. Wagon6curie (n. TO.): 

va'gen' e'ku"rr. 

boxing. La boxe (n. /.): la beks. 
boy. Garcon (n. TO.) : gcir"sen'. 
Boy Scouts. Les claireura de France: lez^e"kla"rur' da 

Frahs'^,8. 

Brabant, bra"bdn', n. A province of Belgium. 
bracelet. Bracelet (n. TO.): bra"sa-le'. 

braces. 1. Bretelles (n. f. pi): bre"tel'. 2. Bretelles de sus- 
pension du havresac: bre'tel' da sus"pan"sr r _yoh' dii ha'vra-sak'. 
bracket. I. n. Fourchette (/.): fur"sliot' (gunnery term used 

in range* finding). II. v. Encadrer: ah*ka"dre'. 
brain, n. 1. Cerveau(m.): sar"v6'. 2. Cervello (/.): sar^vel'. 
brake, n. Frein (TO.): fraii. air-brake, n. Froin a air (TO.): 

fran a ar. emergency b., n. Frein de secours: fran da se'kur'. 

put on the b. Serrez le frein: ser*^re' la fran. vacuum <b., 

n. Frein a vide: fran a vld. 
brakeman, 71. Gardefrein (TO.): gard"-fraiV. 
bran. Son (n. TO.): sen. 
branch. 1. (Division.) Branche (n. f.) : brdnsli. 2. (Bough.) 

Rameau (n. m.): ra'mO'. In military mining a small gallery 

connecting with the main gallery. branch wlta supports 

(military mining). Rameau de combat: ra"m5' da ken ba'. 

listening b. (military mining). Rameau d'ecoute: rct'mO' dS"- 

kQt'. main b. Grand rameau: gran ra'mS'. 
brandy* 1. Cognac: k6"ni"v_,ydk'. 2. Eau*devie: o-da-vl'. 
brass. Cuivre (n. TO.): kwl'^vra. brass band. 1. Ceinturc 
l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud"; 
diine; Cliin; go; n = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



19 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey x ; hit; police; 

obey; gd; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
de cuivre: san'tiir'da kwTvra. 2. Musique d'instruments de 
culvre: mii'zlk' dan'strii'man' da kwl'_vra. brass wire. See 
under WIRE. 

brassard. Brassard (n. TO.): bra3*^sdr' (armlet). Geneva 
brassard. Brassard de la Convention de Geneve: bros'^sar' 
da la ken'van*sl'^,yen' da sa-nSv'. 

brave, a. 1. Courageux (m.): ku'ra^u'. 2. Brave: bray. 
bravery. Bravoure (n. /.): bra'vur'. [pii'danf. 

brazen, o. Impudent (m.): an"pu"ddn'; impudente (/.): an"- 

brazier. Seau a incendie (n. m.): so a an"san"dl / (fire*bucket) . 

Brazil. Bresil (n. m.) : bre"zll'. A South-American Republic. 

breach. Breche (n. /.): bresh. breach of trust. Abus de 
conflance: d'bii' da ken* trans' . to make a b. Culasser: kii"- 
Ias*_s6'. 

bread (/i.;, or a loaf of bread. 1. Pain (TO.) : pan. 2. Du pain: 
dii pan. give me some bread, please. Donnez mol du pain, s'il 
vous plait: den_n6' mwa dii pan, sll vu pie. some bread. 
Du pain: dii pan. 

bread =crum. 1. Miette (n. /.) : mT^yet'. 2. pi. Au gratin: 6 
gra'tan' (dressed with bread*crums). 

break, v. 1. Casser: kas*s^se'. 2. Briser: brl"ze'. 3. Crever: 
kra-ve' (burst, as a tire). to break in a horse. Dresser un 
cheval: dres*^,se' an Sha-vfil'. to b. into, rush into. Faire 
irruption: far Ir"^rup*sr^yen'. to b. into a trot. Prendre 
le trot: pran'^dra la trO. to b. on* the fight. Rompre le 
combat: ren'^pra la ken'bd'. to b. out of custody. s'Evader : 
se'va'de'. to b. step. Rompre le pas: ren'^pra la pa. to 
b. through. 1. Percer: par*se'. 2. Enfoncer: an"fen*se'. 
to b. up. Fractionner: frak'sl'-^yen'^ne'. to b. up a dashing 
attack. Briser 1'elan d'une attaque: brl'ze 16*lan' diin at'tcik'. 

breakdown. Panne (n. /.): pan'^-na. 

breakfast. Dejeuner (n. m.) : de*3u"ne'. breakfast is ready. 
Le dejeuner est pret: la de'su'nfi' e pre. breakfast time. 
L'heuredu dejeuner: lOrdude'su'ne'. give me some b., please. 
Donnez moi a dejeuner, s'il vous plait: den*_ne' mwa a de'su'ne', 
sll vu pie. is breakfast ready? Le dejeuner estil pret: la 
de* 3 u"ne' e'^tll' pre. I will take my b. at 8 o'clock. Je 
prendrai mon dejeuner a huit heures: 33 prah'dre' men de'su'ne' 
a wit hur. 

breast. Poitrine (n./.): pwa'trin'. breastwork, n. 1. Para- 
pet (m.): para'pg'. 2. Epaulement (/.): 6'pQlmdh'. 3. Masse 
couvrante (/.): mds kQ'vraht'. the b. is manned by infantry. 
Le parapet est occupe par 1'infanterie: la por*a'p' gt^6k'^kii"pe' 
pa lan'fan'td-rr. 

breathe, r. llespirer: res^prre'. 

breech. Culasse (n.f.): ku"las'. breech 'block. Culass,. 
mobile: kii'las' me'bll'. b.<Iever. Poiguee de culasse: pwa^nye' 
<la kii'las'. b. 'loading. Chargement par la culasse: shas'mtiiV 
pa la kii'las'. b.screw. Vis de culasse: vl da kii'las'. con- 
centric groove breech *plug. Culasse a fllets concentriquco: 
ku'las'^a H'le' keh*sah*-trlk'. 

breeches. Culotte (n.f.): ku"let'. 

breeching. Reculement (n. TO.): ra-ku"la-mdh'. 

brevet. Brevet (n. m.): bra-ve'. brevet rank. Grade hon- 
oriflque: grad en'5'rl'flk'. 

Briand, Aristide, brl"dn', a"rl''stld / . A French statesman. 

bribe. I. n. Present (m.): pre"sdn'. II. r. Corrompre: ker"^ 
reh'pra. 

briber. Suborneur (n. /.) : sii'T)6r w nOr / . 

brick. Brique (n. /.) : brlk. brickfield. Briqueterie (n. /.) : 
brtk'ta-rl'. Abbreviated Brtqie. brick-kiln. Four a briques 
(n. m.r. fQr a brlk. 

bridge. Pont (n. m.): pen. On maps P. barrel 'bridge. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; Oil; iu 

diino; Chin; go; r) = si/i?/; Ship; flliti; U>i-. 



busy 8 *" 8 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 20 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; pre"y; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; er; full; rule; bat; burn; a * final; 
Passerelle de tonneaux (/.): pqs'^sa-rel' da ten"^no'. boom 
In, dismantle, or strip a b. Demanteler un pont: de"mah*ta-15' 
ah peh. boom out a b. Jeter un pont traverse par traverse: 
33-te"' aft peh tra"vars' par tra'vars'. b. a river. Jeter un pont 
sur une riviere: 3a-te' an pen sur tin rt'vr^yar'. b.^building 
equipment. Agres et accessoires de pont: a"gr<5' S aks"_ses"^, 
swa" da pen. b. by cuts, rafts, or swing'bays. Jeter un pont 
par portieres: sa-te' an pen pa per'tl'^yar'. b. detachment. 
Detachement de pontage (m.):_ de'to'sTia-man' da pen'tas'. 
build a b. Jeter un pont: 3a-te' an pen. canvas =bag b. Pas- 
serelle de sacs d toile (/.) : pas"_sa-rel' da sak da twal. destroy 
a b. Detrulre un pont: de'trwlr'^ah pen. emergency b. 
Pont de clrconstance (m.) : pen da slr"ken"stflns'. far side of a 
b. Sortie d'un pont (/.) : sor"tl' dan pen. floor of a b. Plate- 
lage (n. m.): pla'ta-las' leather^bag, or leathern ^bottle b. 
Passerelle d'outres (/.) : pas'^sa-rel' du'tra. near side of a b. 
L'entree d'un pont (/.): lan'tre' dan pen. oblique or skew b. 
Pont obliquant: pen o"birkan'. roadway of a b. Tablier d'un 
pont: ta"birye' dan pen. suspension b. Pont suspendu: pen 
Bus"pan"du'. swing b. Pont tournant: pen tur'nfln'. tar- 
paulin b. Passerelle de baches: pas"sa-rel' da bash. tilting b. 
Pont a bascule: peht_a bas'kul'. the b. sways. Le pont 
s'incline: la pen san'klln'. to swing a b. Jeter un pont par 
mouvement tournant: sa-te' ah pen pa mu-_va-man' tur"nan'. 

bridging trains. Equipages de pont: e'krpas' da pen. 

bridle, n. I. (1) Bride (/.): brid. (2) Frein (m.): fran. II. v. 
Brlder: brt'de'. 

brigade. Brigade (n. /.): bri^gad'. b.*major. Major de 
brigade (m.) : ma*3r' da brl'gad'. horse b. 1. Escadron: es*- 
ka"dren'. 2. Groupe a cheval (/.): grup a slia-val'. b. staff* 
office. Bureau de I'etat-major de la brigade (m.) : bii"r6' da lf,"- 
ta' ma'ser' da la brF'gad'. mounted b. Groupe monte (/.): 
grQp men"te'. 

brigadier or brigadier ^general. General de brigade (m.): 
3 e"ne"ral' da brl"gad'. 

bring, v. 1. Amener: a"ma-ne' (lead). 2. Apporter: ap^per^txi' 
(carry). 3. Ramener: ra"m_a-ne' (bring back). bring about, r. 
Faire arriver: far ar"^rrve'. b. into action. Engager dans 
le combat: an*ga*3e' dan la ken'ba'. b. me. Apportezmoi: 
ap'^per'te" mwa. b. or shoot down an aeroplane. Faire 
descendre ou abattre un aeroplane: far de"san'_dra u a'bat'^tra 
ah a"^e"ro"plan'. b. to the notice of commanders. Attlrer 
1'attention des commandants: a"tl"re' la"tah"sr^,yeh' de kem*- 
mah'dah'. b. up the rear. Fermer la marche: far"m5' la marsli. 

British, a. 1. Anglais: arV'gle'. 2. Britannique: brI"tan"-_ 
nlk'. British army. L'armee auglaise: lar"me' ah"gloz'. 
British>warm. Pardessus (n. m.): par*da-sii'. 

broad, a. 1. Large: Icir3. 2. Grand: gran. 

broadsword. Sabre (n. m.): sd's^bra. 

broken, a. Casse: kas'^se'. broken kneed, a. Couronn6: 
ka"roh"_ne'. 

bronzed, a. Bronz6: bren"ze'. 

brook. Ruisseau: rwls'^so'. On maps Ran. 

broom. Balai (n. m.) : ba"le'. 

broth. Bouillon (n. m.): bwl'^yen'. 

brother. Frere (n. m.): frar. brothers in arms. Freres 
d'armes: frar darm. 

brown, a. Brun (m.): brun; brune (/.): briin. 

Bruges, bru3'a, n. A city in Belgium. 

bruise. Contusion (n. /.): keh"tu"sl"^yen'. 

brume, n. 1. Brume (/.): brii'ma. 2. Brouillard (m.): 
brwl'yar'. 3. Nouage (m.): nu'az'. 

brush. Brosse (n. /.): bros. brush aside. Bousculer: 
bus'ku'16'. . 

1 habit; aisle; au = out; eil; ifl = feud; 

dUjj; CUUa; go; " si"<7; ihip; fhin; this. 



21 A SERVICE DICTIONARY brldging 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pre"y; hit; police; 
Obey; gO; net; Or; full; rOle; but; bOrn; a = final; 



brushwood. Broussaillos (n. f. pi.): bru"8oi'. On maps Br. 
Bruxelles (n.): bru"sar. Capital of Belgium. 



Brussels. 



uruuu, a. r>ruiai (,m.)i uruuue \j.f. uru 

B. S. M., abbrev. Battalion Sergeant Major. 

bucket. Seau (n. m.): so. bucket 'baler. 1. Louche a 

pulser (n. /.) : lOsto fi pwl'se"'. 2. Ecope (n. /.) : g'kop'. canvas <b. 

Seau en toile: s5 an twfil. rlfleb. Etui de crosse: e'twl' da kros. 

watering'b. Seau d'abreuvoir: sO da"bru*v\var'. 
buckle. 1. Boucle (n. /.): bu'kla. 2. Plaque (n. /.): pldk. 

belt'buckle. Plaque de ceinturon (n. /.): plak da 3ah*tii"ren'. 
buckskin. Peau de daim (n. /.) : po da dan. 
buckwheat. Sarrazin (n. m.): sar"^,ra*zan'. 
buffer. 1. Frein (n. m.): fran (brake; check). 2. Tampon 

(n. TO.): tan'pen' (stopper). 
buffet. Buffet (n. m.): buf^fe'. where is the buffet? 

Oil est le buffet? a e la biif'^fe'. 
bugle. Clairon (n. m.): kla'ren'. bugle call, n. Sonnerie 

de clalron (/.): sen"_na-rr da kla'ren'. bugler, n. Clairon 

(m.): kla'ren'. 
build, r. Batir: ba"tlr'. See Appendix. to build up the 

firing line. Installer la ligne de leu: an'stol"16' la ll'^nya 

da fu. 

building, n. Batiment (m.) : ba"tl"mdn'. Abbreviated Bmeiit. 
built, pa. Bati: ba'tl'. 

Bukowina, n. Bukovine: bu"ko"\an'. Department of north- 
eastern Austria. 

bulb, n. Filament a boucle (m.) : fl ff la*mdn' a bu'kla. 
bulging, a. Bombe: ben"be'. 
bulk, n. 1. Gros (m.): gro. 2. Masse (/.): mas. In bulk. 

En bloc: an blek. 
bullet, n. 1. Balle (/.): bal (of rifles, pistols, etc.). 2. Boulet 

(TO.) : bQ'16' (of cannon). bullet-proof, a. A 1'epreuve des balles: 

a Ig'pruV de bal. 

buH's=eye, n. Mouche (/.): mush (of a target). 
bully beef, n. Corned beef canned. Conserve de bceuf sale: 

ken'sarv' da buf sa*16'. 

Bundesrath, bun'des-rdt, n. The German federal council. 
bundle, n. 1. Paquet ( m.) : pa"ke' (package). 2. Botte (/.): 

bet (of hay). 

bunkers, n. pi. Soutes & charbon (/. pi.) : sut a sTiar*ben'. 
buoy, H. 1. Baliae (/.): ba"liz' (l>mc<>n; .--I'l'inurk). Abbreviated 

Bse. 2. Bouee (/.): bQ*6' (floating buoy). life>buoy, n. Boue 

de sauvetage: bQ'6' da sOVtas'. mooring b. Corps mort: ker 

mer. 
burial, n. Enterrement (m.): an"tar*^ra-mdn / . burial of 

dead. L'enterrement des morts: lan*tar*_ra-man' d6 mer. 
burn, r. Brfller: bru"le'. burning, pa. En feu: an fu. 

burnt to ashes. Reduit en cendre: r6*dwl' an san'dra. 
burst. I. r. 1. Crever: kra-ve' (break, split, or tear). 2. 

Eclater: e'kla't^' (crack, flash, or shiver into pieces). II. n. m. 

Eclatement: 6*kla*^ta-marV (of a motorwfieel tire). sudden b. 

of fire. Ouverture violente et sublte du feu: u'var'tur' vl'o'- 

lant' 6 su'blt' du fu. the burst of shells. L'eclatement dt-s 

projectiles: 16'kla'ta-man' d6 prO'jek'tll'. 
bury, r. Enterrer: ah"tar"^re'. to bury the dead. En- 

terrer les morta: ah"tar"^rC' 16 mer. 
bus, bus, n. [Soldiers' slang.] A flyingmachine. 
bush, n. Buisson (TO.): bwls'^seh'. bush-fighting, n. 

Combat sous bois: ken'bfi' sQ bwa (in colonial warfare). In b. 

1. Dans la brou&se: dan la brQs. 2. Sous bois: sQ bwa. 
business, n. Affaire (/.): af^fur'. 

busy, a. Occup6: ek*^ku"pe / . 

I = habit; aisle; au *> out; oil; 10 = feud; 
(Itlne; Ollln; go; - tiny, Jihjp; (bin; till-). 



Jandle A SERVICE DICTIONARY 22 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; d = final; 

but, conj. Mais: me. 

butcher, n. Boucher (TO.): btY'sW. 

butt, n. 1. Crosse (/.) : kres (of a rifle). 2. Cible (/.): si'^bla 

(target). small of tiie b. Poignee: pwa"nl"^y6'. with the 

butt tend. A coups de crosse: a ku da kres. 
butter. Beurre (n. TO.): bur. please give me some butter. 

Donnez moi du beurre, sil vous plait: den"^ne' mwa dii bur, 

sll vu pie. 

buttock, . Fesse (/.) : fes. 

button, n. Bouton (TO.): button'. some buttons are miss- 
Ing. Des boutons me manquent: de bu"ton' me mank'a. 
buttress, n. Arc-boutant (TO.) : drk"bu"tdn'. 
buy, v. Acheter: a"sha-te'. I want to buy. 1. Je voudrais 

acheter: 39 vu"dre' a"slia-te'. 2. Je veux acheter: 33 vu a"slia-te'. 

can 1 b. some . . . ? Pulsje acheter des . . . ? 

a"slia-te' de . . . ? See Appendix. 
by. I. prep. Par: par. II. prep. & adv. Pres: pre. 



cab, n. 1. Fiacre (TO.): fi"dk'^ra. 2. Voiture de place (/.): 
vwa'tiir' da plas. to call a cab. Faire venir un nacre: far 
va-nlr' an fTak'ra. 

cabbage, n. Chou (TO.): sTiu. 

cabin, n. 1. Cabine (/.): ka"bm' (of a ship). 2. Cabane (/.): 
ka'ban' (hut, cottage) . 

cable, n. 1. Cable (TO.) : kdb'^la. 2. Cincinelle (/.) : sah"- 
sl"nel' la (towline). 

cadet, n. Cadet (TO.): kg"de'. 

cadre, n. Cadre (TO.): kd'dra (the nucleus or framework of 
a French regiment or corps) . 

caisson, n. Caisson (TO.): kes'^sen'. 

cake, n. Gateau (TO.): gd" to'. 

Calais, kal'is (Eng.) or ka"ie' (Fr.), n. Town in north- 
western France. 

calendar, n. Almanach (w.): ol"ma"nd', or before a vowel, 
al"ma"nak'. 

calf, n. 1. Veau (TO.): vo (animal). See VEAL. 2. Mollet 
(m.): mel"^,le' (of the leg). 

caliber, n. Calibre (TO.): ka"llb'v_^ra. 

calkin, n. Crampon (TO.): kran"pen / (spur on a horseshoe). 

call. I. n. 1. Appel: ap"pel'. 2. Sonnerie (/.) : sen"_na-rl' 
(of a trumpet). II. v. Appeler: ap"^pa-le'. call me early. 
Appelezmoi de bonne heure: ap"pa-le' mwa da bon^nur. 
c. out, Halt! Criez, Halte! krl"ye' alt. c. out reservists. 
Convoquer les reservlstes: k9n"v6*ke' le re"zar"vlst'. c. the 
roll. Faire 1'appel: far lap"pel'. c. to arms. Alarme (n. /.): 
a'larm'. regimental c. Refrain du regiment (m.) : ra-fran' dii 
re"3rman'. 

called, pa. 1. Appele: ap"pa-le'. 2. Dit: dl (named). 
called to the colors. Appele au service: ap"^pa-le' 6 sar"vls'. 
infantry should be c. upon. II faut faire appel a 1'infan- 
terie: II fo far op'^pel' a lan*fan"ta-rt'. to be c. to assume a 
command. Etre appele a exercer un commandement: e'^tra 
ap'^pa-le' a eks"ar"se' an kom"^,man"da-man'. 

calm, a. Calme (TO. &/.): kdl'^ma. 

Calvary. Calvaire (n. /.): kar'var' (wayside cross). Abbre- 
viated Cre. 

camber. Cambrure (n. /.) : kan"brur' (a bend as in an avion 
wing or 'plane). 

Cambon, Pierre Paul, kah"ben', pl"yar' pel. French 
diplomat. 

i = habit; aisle'- caT = out; oil; ifl = fend; 

tllims C'bin; go; rj ug\ ship; fhin; Hlis. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 



artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

Camion, ka"mi"ycm', n. [FrJ. A motorJorry, truck, or wagon. 

camouflage, kermO'flaj', n. m. Deception of the enemy, as 
by artitlcial scenery, dummy cannon, etc. 

camouflet, ka"mu"tle', n. m. A small mine for use at close 
quarters and in galleries against sappers. 

camp. I. (n. m.) Camp: kan. II. r. Camper: kan"pe'. 
camp-bed. Lit de camp (m.): II da kan. c. boundaries. 
Limites du camp: ll'mlt' dii kah. c. bestriding a river. Camp 
a cheval: kah a sha-val'. c. commandant. Major du camp 
(m.): ma'ser 7 dii kan. c.sduties. Service de camp (m.): sfir" 
vis' da kan. c.^equ'pment. Effets ou materiel de camp 
(m.): ef'fe' u ma"te'rr_yel' do kan. c.=fever. Maladie de 
camp (/.): ma'la'dl' da kan. c.sfollower. 1. Un civil autorise 
a sulvre 1'armee (m.): an srvll'^o"ter*lze' a swiv'^ra lar*me'. 
2. Un goujat (m.): ah gu'sd'. c.=guard. Garde de camp (m.): 
gdrd da kan. c.*head or =front. Tete (/.), ou front (m.), de 
camp: teX u freh da kail. c.=kettle. 1. Bidon (m.): bl'deh'. 
2. Marmite de campement (/.): mar*mlt' da koh'_ pa-man'. 
c.<kitchen. Cuisine (/.): kwrzln'. c.sllnes. Cordeaux (n. 
pi.): ker*do'. c.measure (for water, etc.). Pot de camp 
(m.): p6 da kan. c. ordinances. Ordonnances (/.): er"- 
den'^ndns'. c.oven. Four de campagne (m.): fur da kah"- 
pah'^ya. c. quartermaster. Fourrier de campement (m.): 
fur*^rr^,ye' da kahp'mah'. c. regulations. Reglement du 
camp (m.): re'gla-mdh' dii kan. c. requisites. Effets de 
campement (n. pi.): ef^fe' da kahp'mah'. c.srobber. 1. 
Muraudeur (m.): mo'ro'dur'. 2. Boulineur (m.): bu"lTnur / . 
o.ssite. Emplacement du camp: ah'plos'mdh' dii kah. 
c.sstool. Pliant (m.): pirah'. c.*street. Ruelle (/.): rii'el'. 

c. without shelterstents. Bivouac (m.): bl'vu'^ak'. 
commander of the c. Commandant d'armes, ou du camp 
(m.): kem'^mah'dah' darm, u dii kah. concentration c. 
Camp de concentration: kah da ken*sah*tra' r sl'',_,yeh'. confine- 
ment to c. Cousigne au camp (/.): keh'sln'^ya 5 
kah. convoy c. Camp de convois: kah da ken'vwa'. 
entrenched c. Camp retranche: kah ra-trah'slie'. fortified 
c. Camp fortifle: kah fertrfT_ye'. hut=camp. 1. Camp 
de baraques: kah da bar"ak'. 2. Camp baraque: kah bar*a*ke'. 

permanent or standing c. Camp fixe: koii fix. restc. 
camp de repos: kah da ra-p6'. temporary c. 1. Camp de 
sejour: kah da se'sur'. 2. Camp de marcb.e: kah da mdrsli. 
to break up the c. Lever le camp: la-ve' la kah. to confine 
to c. Consigner au camp: keh'sl'nye' 6 kah. to lay out a c. 
Tracer, dresser un camp: tra'sfi', dres*^se' ah kah. to pitch c. 
Asseoir un camp: os'^swfir' ah kah. to strike c. Lever le 
camp: la-ve' la kah. 

campaign. Campagne (n. /.): kah"pa'^nya. 

camping, n. Campement (m.): kahp^idn'. camping. 
ground, n. Emplacement d'un camp (m.): ah'plas'mah' dan kah. 

can, n. 1. Bidon (m.): brden'. 2. Burette (/.): bu'ret'. 

can, r. Pouvoir: pu"vwd' (to be able). See verbs of 3d 
conjugation in the Appendix. can I? Puis-je?: pwl'ja. can 
not. Ne peut pas: na pu pa. can you? Pouvez-vous? : 
pQ'vB' vu? can you give me . . . ? Pouvez-vous me donner 
. . . ? pQ'vfi' vu ma den'^ne'? 

Canada. Le Canada (/t. m.) : ka"na*da'. 

Canadians (the). Les Canadiens (n. m.): le ka*na"di''v_yan'. 

canal. Canal (n. m.): ka"ndl'. Pl.canaux: ka"no' canal *locl . 
Ecluse (re. /.): 6'kliiz'^a. irrigation c. Canal d'lrrigation: 
ka'nol' dlr*_rt*ga*sl'^,yeh'. navigable c. Canal navigable: 
ka'nal' na"vrga'_bla. ship c. Grand canal navigable (m.): 
grdh ka'nal' na'vl'gd'^bla. 

candle, n. 1. Chandelle: shan"del'. 2. Bougie (/.): bu"5l'. 

give me a candle. Donnezmol une chandelle: deh'^.n6'^, 
1 = habit; aisle; au = out; eil^ iu = feud; 
diino; cTlin; go; n = sing ; ship; fhin; this. 



cemetery A SERVICE DICTIONARY 24 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; g6; net; 6r; full; .rule; but; burn; d - final; 

mwd iin sShanMer. I want some candles. Je vouclrais des 

chandelles: 33 vu"dre' dS ghan"der. 
canister, n. Boite a balles (/.): bwat a bol canister shot, 

n. Mitraille (f.): ml"trai'_ya. 
cannon, n. Canon (TO.): ka"neh'. cannon *ball, or shot, 

n. Boulet de canon: bu"le' da ka'nen'. cannon-bone, n. 

Canon: ka'nen' (shankbone of a horse). 
canteen, n. 1. Cantine (/.): kan"tm'. 2. Bidon (TO.): 

bl'den'. 3. Gamelle (/.) : ga'mel'. 
canter. I. n. Petit galop: pa-^-tl' ga"lo'. II. v. Aller au 

petit galop: al'^le' 5 pa_tl' ga"lo'. 

can tie (of a saddle). Troussequin (n. TO.): trus"^sa-kan'. 
cantonment. Cantonuement (n. TO.): kan"teri'\_,na-ma.n'. 
canvas. Toile de tente (n. f.) : twol da tant. under canvas. 

Sous tentes: sQ tant. 
cap, n. 1. kepi (/.): ke"p!'. 2. Casquette (/.): kas"ket'. 

capcover, n. 1. Couvre*kepi (TO.): ku'vra ke"pl'. 2. Man- 

chon (TO.): man'^hen'. field ^service or forage*c. 1. Bonnet 

de police (n. TO.): beh'^ne' da po'lls'. 2. Casquette plate (n. 

/.): kas"ket' plat'a (in the English army). nightc. n. Bonnet 

de coton (m.): ben'^ne' da ke'ten'. 
capability, n. Capacity (/.): ka"pa"sl"te'. capabilities of 

defense. Facilites pour la defensive (n. pi.) : fa'sl'irte' par la 

de"fanslv'. 

cape, n. Pelerine (/.) : pa"la-rln'. 
capitulate, v. Capituler: ka"pi"tii"le'. 
caponiere, n. Caponniere (/.): ka"pen"m"^yar' (small 

defensive work; blockhouse). 
capstan, n. Cabestan (TO.): ka"ba-stan'. 
captain, n. Capitaine (TO.): ka"pl"ten'. let the captain 

know of an order. Faire communlquer un ordre au capltaine: 

far kem"_mu"nr'ke / tin er'dra o ka"pl"ten'. 
captive, a. Captif (TO.): kap"tlf; captive (/.): kap"tlv'. 
capture. I. n. 1. Capture (/.): kap"tur'. 2. Prise (/.): 

prlz. II. v. 1. Prendre: prand'^ra. 2. Capturer: kap"tu*re'. 

the capture of a fortress. La prise d'une forteresse: la prlz diin 

forte-res' . the position to be captured. La position a 

enlever: la po"zrsr^,yen' a an'la-ve'. 
car, n. 1. Voiture (/.): vwa"tiir'. 2. Wagon (TO.): va^eh' 

(of a train). 3. Nacelle (/.): na'sel' (of a balloon). dining <car. 

Wagon restaurant: va'gen' res'to'rah'. parlor car. Wagon 

salon: va'gen' sa"leh'. passenger car. Wagon de voyageurs: 

va'gen' da voy*a"3ur'. sleeping-car. Wagon lit: va'gen' II. 
carbine, n. Carabine (/.): kaWbln'. 
carbolic acid. Acide phenique (/.): a"sid' fe"nlk'. 
carbureter, n. Carburateur (TO.) : kar"bii"ra"tur'. [ndl'. 

cardinal number. Nombre cardinal (TO.) : nen'bra kar"di"- 
care. Soin (n. TO.): swan. take care. Same as BE CAREFUL. 
careful, be. 1. Prendre garde (inf.): pran'dra gard. 2. 

Prenez garde (imper.): pra-n6' gard. 
carefully, adv. Boigneusement: wa"nyuz"mdn'. carry him 

carefully. Portez le avec soln: pert6' la a"vek' swan. 
carpenter, n. 1. Charpentier (TO.): ^har"pan"tl"^ye'. 2. 

Menuisier (TO.): ma-n\vT"8r_y6' (joiner). 
carriage, n. 1. Voiture (/.): vwa'tiir' (vehicle). 2. Wagon 

(TO.): va'gon' (of a train). Compare CAR. 
carrot, n. Garotte (/.) : kar"x_^ret'. 
carry, v. 1. Porter: por"te'. 2. Enlever: an'^la-ve'. 

carry him. Portez le: per'te' la. c. off. Enlever: ah'^la-ve 7 . 

c. on. 1. Continuez: ken"trnii*6' (keep on doing). 2. 

Poussez en avant: pus*^s6z'^ah a'vQn' (go ahead). c. out. 

1. Executer: eks'e'ku'te'. 2. Developper: d6"vel i> ep <> ^p6 > . to 
l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 
diine; cllin; go; n = sin0; Sllip; fhin; this. 



J,-, A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hJt; police; 
obey; gfi; net; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

c. at the point of or witii UK- bayonet, or by cold steel. 

Enlever a la balonnette: on'-^la-ve' a la bai"^yoh*_net'. to c. 

out an attack. Exgcuter une attaque: eks"e"ku"te' uA at"^ 

t<ik'. 
cart, n. 1. Fourgon: far"gan'. 2. Charrette (/.) : sTiar"s_ret'. 

3. Chariot (m.): Slia"rt*_y6'. 4. Tombereau (/.): ten*ba-r5'. 

dung*cart, n. Tombereau a fumier (m.): ten'ba-rO' a 
fu'ml'^yg'. forage c. Fourragere (/.): fur'ra'sar'. 

cartel, n. Cartel (m.): kar^tel'. cartel of exchange (of 
prisoners). Cartel d'echange (cle prlsonnlers) : kar"tel' d6*- 
sTiuri'sa (da pri'zen'^nye'). 

cartridge, n. Cartouche (/.): kar"tu'^sha. blank car- 
tridge. Cartouche a blanc: kar"tu'sha a blan. c.sbase. Culot 
de cartouche (m.): ku*16' dakar*tQfe < h'. c.'box. Giberne (n. /.) : 
3ibarn'_a. c.'pouch. Cartouchiere (/.): kar*tu".shr_yar'. 

case, n. Cas (m.): ka (condition of affairs). as the case 
may be. Sulvant le cas: swTvan' la ka. In c. of. En cas de: 
an ka da. In either c. Dans 1'un et 1'autre cas: dan Ian 6 
10'^tra ka. In such a c. En pareil cas: an pa're'^ya ka. 
In that c. Dans ce cas: dan sa ka; or, en ce cas: oil sa ka. 

casemate, n. Casemate (/.) : kaz"mat'. 

case shot, n. Mitraille (/.): ml"trai'ya. 

cash, n. 1. Argent (m.): ar^dn'. 2. Espdces (/.): es"pes'. 

supply of cash. Approvlsionnement en numeraire: ap"_ 
pr5"vl'sl'^,yen'^na-man' ah nu'rae'rar 7 . 

cashier, n. I. (m.) Caissier: ke"si"^ye'. II. (c.) Casser: 
kas*^.se' (discharge in disgrace). field *cashler. Payeur 
d'armee (m.): pe'yur* dorm6'. to be cashiered. Etre casse: 



cast, r. Jeter: 3e"te'. cast aside. Jeter & I'e'cart: se'te' a 

le'kar'. to c. a shoe. Se deferrer: sa de*far^_re'. to c. off 

moorings. Rejeter 1'amarre: ra-ge'tS' la'mar'. 
casualty, n. Perte (/.): part. Plural casualties. Pertes: 

part. casualties from disease. Pertes causees par les mala- 
part k5*z6' par 16 ma'la'dl'. casualty dist, c.returns. 

Etat des pertes: e'ta' de part. notify parents of c. Faire 

part des pertes aux parents: far par d5 part 6 pa'ran'. 
catacombs. Catacombes (n. /. pi.) : ka"ta"ken'ba. 
catapult, n. Catapulte (/.): ka"ta"pult'. 
caterpillar, n. In the British army, a pedrail tractor used for 

hauling heavy loads, etc., over rough ground. caterpillar tractor. 

Tracteur en chenilles (n. m.): trak'tur* an s~ha-nr_ya. 
cathedral. Cathe"drale (./.): ka'te'dral'. Abbr. Cathie. 
cattle. 1. Detail (n. m.): be"toi'. 2. Bestiaux (n. m. pi.): 

bes'tro'. c. on the hoof. Viande sur pled: vl'and' siir pl'^yo'. 

c. >train. Convol de bestlaux (m.): keh*\'wa' da bes'tr^yO'. 

c.. truck. Wagon etable: va'gen' 6'ta'bla. 
cause, r. Causer: ko"ze'. 
causeway. ChaussSe (n. /.) : slio'se'. 
caution, n. 1. Precaution (/.): pre'ko'sl^yen'. 2. Avis 

(m.): a"\V. to act with caution. Aglr avec precaution: 

a'slr 7 a'vek' pre*k6*sryoii'. 
cavalry. Cavalerie (n. /.): ka"va"^la-r!'. cavalry scharge, 

n. Charge de cavalerie (/.) : SMrs da kava*^.la-rl'. In the c. 

De la cavalerie: da la ka*va*_la-rt'. 
cease, v. Cesser: ses*^se'. ceaseflring! Cos^z le feu!: 

868*^,s6' la fu! when "cease=flring" is sounded. Quand 

sonna cessez le feu! kan sen*^,na' sCs'^s?' la fu. 
cell. 1. Cellule (n. /.): sel'^lul'. 2. Element (n. m.): 

6*le'man' (electricity). 
cellar, n. Cave (/.): kav. 
cement. Ciment (n. m.): sl'mah'. 

cemetery. Cimetiere (n. m.) : sTrn'ti^^ya^. Abbr. Cimre. 
r = habit; aisle; au = out; eil; iu = feud; 
diine; ellin; go; n = sing; ^hip; fhin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 26 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pr6y; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

censor, n. Censeur (m.): san"sur'. censorship. 1. Fonc- 
tioas de censeur : fenk"sr_yen' da san"sur' (functions of the censor) . 
2. Censure (n. /.): san"sur' (act of censoring). censorship of 
the press. Censure de la presse: san"siir' da la pres. 

cent. Cent. (n. m.): sdh. ten per cent. Dix pour cent: 
dl pur sah. 

center, n. Centre (m.): san'^tra. 

centimeter (.39 in.). Centimetre (n. m.): san"t!"ma'^.tra. 

central depot of motor or automobile service. Magasin 
central du service automobile (m.): ma"ga"zan' san"tral' du 
sar"vls' e"to"mo"'bll'. 

certain, a. Certain: sar" tan'. certainly, adv. Certaine- 
ment: sar*taii"maii'. 

certificate. Certificat (n. TO.): sar"tl"fi"ka'. birth certifi- 
cate. Acte de naissance: akt da nes"_saris'. examination c. 
Certlflcat de vlsite: sar"trfl"ka' da vl"zlt'. marriage c. Acte 
de manage: akt da ma'rras'. medical c. Certlflcat medical: 
sar"t!"fi"ka' me'drkal'. 

cessation. Cessation (n. /.): ses"^_,sa"si"^yen. cessation 
or ceasing of artillery sfire. Cessation du feu d'artillerie: 
ses'^sa'sl'^yen du fu dar*tl*^ya-rl'. 

chain, n. Chaine (/.): slien. chain=driven, a. A chaine: a 
slien. curb*c. Gourmette (n. /.): gur"met'. 

chair, n. Chaise (/.): slies. 

chalet. Chalet (n.m.): sWlg'. Abbreviated Chet. See COTTAGE. 

chalk. I. n. f. Craie: kre. II. v. Marquer a la craie: 
mar"ke' a la kre. 

challenge. I. n. m. Qui vive: kl vlv. II. v. 1. Recon- 
naitre: ra-keiV^,na'^tra. 2. Crier "Qul vive" a: krr^,ye' kl 
vlv a. 3. Arreter: ar"_re"te'., 4. Defter: de'fTe'. to be 
challenged by the sentry. Etre arrete par la sentlnelle: 
a'^tra ar'^re'te' par la saiV'trnel'. 

Chalons, sWleri', n. City of eastern France. 

chamber, n. Chambre(/.): shan'^bra (room). chamber of 
commerce. Chambre de commerce (n. /.): sTian'_bra da 
kem'^mars'. 

chancellery. Chancellerie (n. /.) : sTian"ser's^la-rI'. 

change, n. 1. Monnaie d'une pi^ce (/.) : men"^ne' dun pi"^, 
yas' (money). 2. Changement (m.): sTiah'^sa-mah' (alteration). 
can you change this twenty -franc piece? Pouvez- 
vous me changer cette piece de vingt francs?: pu"ve'-vu ma 
sTiah'sS' set pl"^,yas' da van fran. c. step! Changez le pas. 
marche!: sTKm"3e' la pa, marsli'. I have no c. Je n'al pas de 
monnaie: 33 ne pa da men'^ne'. I want c. for this bank 
note. II me faut changer ce billet de banque: II ma fo sliah'se' 
sa br^,ye' da bank. please give me c. for this. Changez- 
moi ca, s'll vous plait: STiaiTge' mwa sa, sll vu pie. the c. 
lacks, is short, or wanting (dlx sous). II manque dlx 
sous: II monk dl sQ. to c. money. Pour changer de 
1'argent: pur .-4han"3e' da lar'sah'. where do I c. (trains, 
etc.) for ... Ou dolsje changer (train, etc.) pour . . . ?: Q dwa'-sa 
slian'35' (trail, etc.) pur. where can I get money changed? 
Ou pourraHe faire changer de 1'argent?: Q pur*_re'^3a far 
s"han"3e' da lar*3ah'. 

channel, n. Canal (m.): ka"ndl'. the British Channel: 
La Manche: la maiV^slia. the official c. La vole hierar- 
chique: la v\va re'rar*slilk'. the St. George's C. Le canal 
St. Georges: la ka"nal' sail ser'^sa. 

Chantilly, shan"tl"_yl', n. French town. 

chapel. Chapelle (/.): sha"pel'v^la. 

chaplain (the). Le chapelain (n. m.): la sha^pa-lan'. get 
tne chaplain. Cherchez le chapelain: sliar*sTie' la sTia* pa-Ian'. 

chapter house. Chapitre (n. m.} : sTia^pI'tra. On maps Ch'itre. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; ifi = feud; 

dune; Cllin; go; = sing; sllip; fhin; this. 



_>7 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; er; full; rflle; but; burn; a = final; 

character. Caractere (n. m.): ka"rak"tar'. 

charcoal. Charbon de bois (m.) : shor"ben' da bwa. 

charge, I. n. Charge (/.): sTidr'^a (accusation, cere, price). 
II. v. 1. Charger: ghfir*35'. 2. Imperative. Chargez! slidr'se'' 
(order to attack). bursting or exploding charge. Charge d'ex- 
ploslf: slidr'^sa deks'plo'zif. charge magazine (load)\ 
ApprovLsionnezl: ap*^pr5*vl*zr^yeh*'^ne'. in the c. of. Sous 
la garde de: su Id gdrd da. the officer in c. L'offlcier comman- 
dant: lerfi'si'^ye' kem'mari'dan'. under his c. Sous son 
commandement: su son kem*_mah*da^mah'. 

charge d'affaires, slidr*5e' daf^far'. A diplomatic agent 
or officer in the diplomatic service. 

charger (horse): Cheval de bataille ou de guerre (n. m.): 
sha-yal' da ba'tdi'ya u da gar. 

charging, n. Chargement: shdr"o a-mon' (filling, loading). 
charging the mines. Chargement des mines: s"hdr*3d-man' 
d mln. 

Charleroi. shar"la-rwd', n. Belgian town. 

Charlcville. shar'la^vll', n. French town. 

chasseur. shos"^sur', n. A light-armed French soldier of the 
Infantry or cavalry. chasseurs d'Afrique, shos'^sur' daTrlk'. 
A body of Algerian mounted troops. 

chassis. Chassis (n. m.) : shoals!' (base*frame or framework, 
as of barbette*gun or motor-car). 

chateau, sha'to', n. A castle or country mansion. 

cheap. Bon marche: ben mar / "s'he'. [the Zouaves. 

Chechia. sTie"shi"yd',7i. A cloth cap with a tass..'l, worn by 

check, n. 1. fichec (m.): e'shek' (setback). 2. Frein (m.): 
frafi (curb; brake). 3. Cheque (m.): shak (written order for pay- 
ment of money). check shook. Livre de mandats (n. m.): li'vra 
da man* da'. enroll. Contre-appel (n. m.): ken'tra ap'^pel' 
(rr>uster*roll). 

check, v. 1. Arreter: ar^re'te'; enrayer: an ff re"ye'. 2. Faire 
eprouver un echec a: far e'pru've' an e*sliek' a. 3. Verifier: 
vftrTfi'^ye'; enregistrer: an're'sls'tre'. to check all at- 
tempts. Arreter toutes enterprises: ar*re*te' tut an'tra^prlz'. 

checker. 1. Controlleur (n. m.): ken'troriur'. 2. pi. Dames 
(/. pi.): dam (in England, draughts). 

cheek. Joue (n. /.) : su. 

n. .Inycux (m.): 3wa*yu'; joyeuse (/.): owd^yuz'. 
Fromage (n. m.): fro'md'^-sa. cheese factory. 
Fromagerie (n. /.): fro"md''3a^ri'; buron (n. m.): bu"ren'. 
c. sandwich. Sandwich au fromase: sah'dwitsTi' 

chemist. Pharmacien (n. m.): far^md''.sl''v^yan'. 

chess. Madrier (n. m.): ma"drl"^ye' (cross*timber or plank 
as in a pontoon). 

chest, n. 1. Poitrine (/.): pwa'trin' (of man). 2. Poitrail 
(m.): pwa'tral' (of a horse). 

chestnut, n. Chataigne (n. /.): sTia"te'nya. [(of horses). 

chestnut, a. 1. Chatain: slid'tan' (of color). 2. Alezan: a'la^zdn' 

chevaux<de:frlse, sha-vo'-da-friz', n. A spiked obstruction 
to impede progress, as of cavalry. 

chevron, ?i. 1. Chevron (m.): slia-vren'. 2. Galon (m.): 
gd'loh'. 

chicken. Poulet (n. m.): pu"le'. 

chief city. Capitale (n. /.): kd"prtdl'. Abbreviated Caple. 

chief clerk. 1. Commis chef (m.) : kem"ml' shcf . 2. Chef de 
bureau (m.) : slief da bii'rO'. 

chief of the staff. Chef d'etat major (m.) : shef de"td' ma^er'. 

Child. L'enfant (m. & /.): lan"fdh'. childish, a. 1. Pueril 
(m.). puerile (/.): pu'e'rll'. 2. Knfantin (m.): an'fan'tan'; en- 
fantlne (/.): an-fan'tln'. children. Enfants (n. pi.): qn'fdn'. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; eil^ IQ = feud; 

diine; cliin; go; rj = sing; s"hip; thin; this. 



coagulen A SERVICE DICTIONARY 28 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; pre>; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; born; a = final; 

Chill. Refroidissement (n. m.): r9-frwa"dIs" N _sa-mdh'. 

Chilly, a. 1. Frileux (m.): fri"lu'; frileuse (/.): fri"luz'. 3. 
Froid (m.): frwa; froide (/.): frwad. I am chilly or cold. J'al 
froid: 36 frwa. It Is chilly. II fait froid: n fS frwa. 

chimney. Cheminee (n. /.): she-mf'ne'. Abbreviated Chnee. 
chimiieyspot. Tuyau de chemlnee (n. m.): twl*y5' da sha- 
ml'ne'. 

chin, n. Menton (m.): man"ten'. chmsstrap, TO. 1. Jugu- 
lalre (/.): 3u"gu"lar'. 2. Fausse*gourmette (/.): f5sgGr"met'. 
3. Mentonniere (/.): man"teh"nl" ^yar'. 

chisel, TO. Ciseau (m.): si"zo'. 

chlorid of lime. Chlorure de chaux: klo"rur' da sho. 

chocolate. Chocolat (TO. m.): sTi6"ko"ld'. 

choose, v. Choisir: sTiwa"zir'. See Appendix. 

chop. I. TO. /. Cotelette: ko"ta-let'. II. v. Hacher: hasV'e'. 
Iambs or mutton-chop, n. Cotelette de mouton: ko"ta-let' da 
mu'ton'. 

church, TO. Eglise (/.) : e"gll'za. Abbreviated Egse. is there 
a church? Y at*il une eglise? I ya'tll' iin e'gll'za. near a c. 
Pres d'une eglise: pra dun e'gll'za. 

cider. Cidre (m.): sl'dra. 

cinch (for .a saddle girth), TO. Large sangle (/.) : Idr^a sdn'gla. 

cinch, v. Sangler: san"gle'. 

cipher, TO. 1. Chiffre (m.): sluf'^fra. 2. Zero (m.): ze"ro'. 
In cipher. 1. En chiffre: an ^hlf'^fra. 2. En langage chiffre: 
an Ian"gci3' slilf" _fre'. the key to a c. La clef de chiffre: la 
kle da sTiif'fra. 

circle. I. TO. Cercle (m.): sar'^kla. II. v. Entourer: an"tu"re'. 

circuit, TO. Circuit (m.): slr"kwi'. 

circumstances, TO. pi. Circonstances (/.): slr // ken /r stdn / sa. 
extenuating circumstances. Circonstances atteuuantes: 
slr*ken''stah' ^sa at* v _/tS"nu"an' ^ta. under any c. En tous 
cas: an tu ka. under like c. En pareille circonstance: an 
par"e'ya slr^keh'stah' v-sa. under no c. Sous aucun pretexte: 
suz ^o"kan' pre'tekst'. 

cistern. Citerne (/.): sl^tern' (well). Abbreviated Cite. 

citadel. Citadelle (/.) : sl"ta"del'^la. Abbreviated Cittle. 

cits (civilian clothes'), to be in. Etre en civil: a^'tra an srvll'. 

civilian. Civil (a. & TO.): si"vll'. civilian labor. Main- 
d'ceuvre civile (/.) : man" duv'^ra srvll'^a. civilians may be 
permitted to. Les clvils peuvent avoir la permission de: le srvll' 
puvt^,a"vwar' la par" mis* ^sl"^. yen' da. have you seen any 
civilians? Avez vous vu des clvils? a"ve' vu vij de srvll'. 

clabber, klab'ar, TO. [Soldiers' slang.] Underclothing. 

claim. I. TO. 1. Prevention (/.): pre"tan"sf"^yeh'. 2. Droit 
(m.): drwa. 3. Reclamation (/.): re*kla"ma*sr ^yen'. II. v. 1. 
Demander: da-man"de'. 2. Reclamer: r6*kla*m5'. adjustment 
of claims. Reglement des reclamations (m.) : ra'gla-mah'de re'- 
kla"ma"sr ^yen'. assessment of claims. Recensement des 
indemnltes (/.): ra-sahs'man' dez_an"d6m"nrte'. claims 
officer. Offlcier charge des reclamations: ef" ^fi"sl* ^,y6' sTiar'se' 
de r5'kla"ma''8r ^_,yeh'. commission on claims. Commission 
chargee d'examiner les reclamations (/.) : kem* ^mis" s_sl* ^yen' 
sTiar'gg' degs*^za"mrne' 16 rg"kla"ma"sl" s_yori'. 

claret, n. 1. Vin ordinaire (m.): van er"dl"nar'. 2. Vin 
rouge (m.) : van rQs'. 

clasp (of a medal), n. Agrafe (/.) de medaille: a"grdf da me"- 
dal' ^,ya. 

claspsknife, TO. Couteau pliant r6glementaire (m.): ku"to' 
plI"Qh' re'gla-man'tar'. 

clay, TO. Argile (/.): 01^31!'. clay pit, TO. Marniere (/.): 
mar'nT ^y&r'. Abbreviated Mar' e . 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; iST; iu = fewd; 

diine; Cliin; go; n = sin.0; sllip; thin; this. 






J A SERVICE DICTIONARY coagulfeS 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prCy; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; 6r; fulJ; rflle; but ; burn; a = final; 
Clean. I. a. Propre: pro'^pre. II. v. l.~Nettoyer: neftwa"^ 

ye*. 2. Clrer: sTre' (of shoes). clean my shoes. Cirez mes 

chaussurea: sTre.' mS ches'^Bur'^a. 
cleaner, n. Nettoyeur (TO.): net* v^twa"_yur'. cleaners 

out, n. Nettoyeur (m.): net* _twa* ^yur* (one who routs out the 

enemy from his lair). 

cleanliness, n. Propret6 (/.): pro"pra-to'. 
clear. I. a. 1. Clair: klar'. 2. Libre: ll'bra (free). II. v. 1. 

Degager: de*ga"3e' (free from obstacles). 2. Franchir: froh'shlr' 

(pass over) . 3. Deblayer: de*ble',_ye' (said of ground, rubbish, etc.) 

aU is clear. Tout est tranquille: tut e trah'kll' ^a. c. firing 

range. Un champ de tir degage: ah Shah da tlr de*ga"se'. c. 

the road. Degager la route: de'ga'se"' la rut' _a. till a passage 

Is cleared. Jusqu'a ce que le chemln soit deblaye: 3iis*ka'^,sa 

ka la sTia-mah' swa de'bl6*y6'. till the clearing of camp. 

Jusqu'a ce que le camp solt evacue: siis'ka' ^sa ka la kah swa 

e*va*kii*6'. to clear away obstacles. Deblayer, remuer les 

obstacles: dg'ble'ye', ra-mii'5' les_ob*stak' ^la. to keep c. of. 

Se degager de: sa de^ga'se' da. 
clearing, n. 1. Dgagement (m.): de"ga"3a-man'. 2. De- 

blalemeut: de'blg'mah' (of land). 
cleft, a. Fendu (m.): fendue (/.): fah"du'. 
clerk, n. Commis (m.): kem^ml'. 
click, klik, v. [Eng. soldiers' slang.] 1. To get killed: with it; 

as, he clicked it. 2. To be wounded; as, he was clicked. 
cliff, . Falaise (/.): fd"lez'. 
climate, n. Climat (m.): kll'ma'. 
climb. I. n. Montee (/.): meh"te'. II. r. 1. Crimper: gran"- 

P5'. 2. Escalader: es'ka'la'de'. 
clip, n. Chargeur (m.): sTidr'sur'. 
cloak, n. Manteau (m.): man"to'. cloak sroom. Consigne 

(n. /.): ken'sl'^nya (of a railroad station). 

clock, n. 1. Horloge (/.) : er*lo3'a. 2. Pendule (/.) : pan"dul'. 
clockwork. Mouvement d'horlogerie: muv'mah' der"le3^a- 

rt'. to be as regular as clockwork. Etre regie comme une 

horloge: a'^tra r6'g!6' kern un erle3'. 
clog. I. n. Billot (m.): br^yo'. II. r. 1. Encombrer: an"- 

keh'brg'. 2. Embarrasser: ah'bar*rcs' _se'. 
close, adt. Aupres: 6"pre'. as close as possible. Aussi pres 

que possible: 6a* ^sl' prg ka pes* ^sl' ^,bla. c. at hand. Tout 

pres: tQ pr6. c. behind. Juste derriere: siist'^a dar*rryar'. 

c. cropped, a. Ras (m.): ra; rase (/.): raz. c. examination. 

Interrogatolre serre: ah'tfir* ^rO'ga'twar' sftr*r6'. c. order. 

Ordre serre: Sr'dra sftr*re'. c. range. See RANGE. c. to. 

Pres: prg. c. together. L'un pres de 1'autrc: Ian pr6 da 15'tra. 
Close, r. Approcher: ap"^pro"sTie'. close in! Serrez les 

rangs! sftr* ^r6' 16 rah. c. up! Suivcz! swl've'. to c. with 

the enemy. En venlr aux mains: ah va-nlr' man. 
closure, n. Cloture (/.): kl6"tttr'. 

clot (of blood), n. Caillot de sang (m.): ka"yo' da sail. 
cloth. Drap (n. m.): dra. 
clothes, n. pi., clothing, n. 1. Habillements (m. pi.): a"b!"^. 

ya-mah'. 2. Vetements (m. pi.) : v6* ^ta-mah'. clothes-brush, n. 

Brosse a habit: bres a a'bl'. In plain c. En civile: ah sl'vll'. 
cloud, n. Un nuage (m.) : an nu'ds'. cloudy, a. 1. Nuageux 

(m.): nU'a'30'; nuageuse (/.): nu'a3uz'^.a. 2. Nebuleux (m.): 

ne'bu'lu'; n6buleuse (/.): ng'bu'luz'^a. It Is getting cloudy. 

Le temps se couvre: la tah sa kQv'^ra. 
clover. Trefle (n. TO.): trS'fla. 

clutch (motor coupling*gear) . Embrayage (n. m.) : ah' r bre*yoi3'e. 
coagulation. Coagulation (n. /.): k6'a"gu / 'la''sl*^yeh . 
coagulen, ko-ag'yu-len, n. A preparation for instantly check- 

Ing the flow of blood. 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; efT iQ = 
dttne; Cliin; go; D = sing; ship; fhin; 



compass A SERVICE DICTIONARY 30 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final ; 

coal, n. Charbon: sljar"ben'. cannel-c. Charbon chandelle 
(n. m.): sliar"ben' ghaiY'del'. coal-box, n. Boite a charbon: 
bwdt a sliar"ben' (a name given also to a German smoke*shell) . 
coalpit. Houillere (n. f.): hu"_I"yar'. to coal. Faire sa pro- 
vision de charbon: far so pro" viz" ._, yen' da sliar*ben'. 

coarse, a. Grossier (?ra.): gros"^si"^ye'; grossiere (/.): gros"v_ 
si* -^yar'. 

coast, n. Cote (/.): kot. the coast is clear. La voie est 
libre: la vwd e li'^bra. 

coast-guard. Garde*cote (n. TO.) : gar'-^de kot. 

coat, n. 1. Tunique (/.): tii"nik'. 2. Habit (TO.): a"bi'. 3. 
Robe (/.): rob (of some animals). 4. Fourrure (/.): fu"riir'^a 
(fUT'Coat) . 

COCk, n. Chien (TO.) sTii"^,yan' (of firearms) . 

Cockneys of Paris. Division de Fer (o9th Division) : dl"vi"- 
zl'^yen da far. 

cocoa, n. Cacao (TO.): ka"ka"6'. 

cod. Cabillaud (TO.): ka"bi"^y6' (live codfish). 

coffee. Cafe (n. TO.): ka"fe'. coffee-grinder. Moulin a 
cafe (n. m.): mu"lan' a ka"fe'. c. -house, n. 1. Cafe (m.): 
ka*fe'. 2. Estaminet (m.): es"ta*mi"ne'. c.*pot. Cafetiere 
(n. /.): ka"fa-tl"ar'. c. with milk. Cafe=au*lait (n. m.) : ka"fe' 
6le. make c. Faire le cafe: far la ka"fe'. 

coil, n. Bobine (/.): bp"bm'. induction coil. Bobine 
d'lnduction: bp"bln' dan"diik"sl" .^yen'. 

coin, n. 1. Piece de monnaie (/.): pi"es' da men'^na'. 2. 
Argent (m.): ar"3an'. For values of coins, etc., see under MONEY. 

cold, a. Froid (TO.): frwa; froide (/.): frwad. cold storage 
depot. 1. Refroidisseur (n. m.): ra-frwa"dls"sur'. 2. Depot de 
glace (n. m.): de"po' da glas (see ICE=HOUSE). he is c. II a 
froid: II a frwa. I am c. J'ai froid': sa frwa. 

cole, kdl, n. [English slang.] 1. Money. 2. A penny: soldiers' 
use. 

colic, colics. Colique (n. f.) : ke'^ik'. 

collapse, n. Affaissement (m.): af"^fe"za-mdn'. 

collar, n. 1. Col (TO.) : kel (of a shirt) . 2. Collet (TO.) : kel'^le' 
(of a coat, etc.). 3. Collier (m.): kel"ye'. collar-bone. Claviculc 
(n. f.) : klav*I*kul'. 

collate, v. Reunir: re"ii"nlr'. 

collect, v. 1. Rassembler: ras- v ^,san*ble'. 2. Se rassembler: sa ras*- 
san"ble' (assemble). 

collection. R6union (n. f.) : re"^yii"nl"s_yen'. 

college. College (n. TO.): kel"_le3'. Abbreviated Colge. 

colonel. Colonel (n. m.): k6"lo"nel'. 

color, n. Couleur (/.): ku"lur'. c. -guard. Garde du drapeau 
(n. /.): gard dii dra"po'. c.ssergeant. Portedrapeau (n. m.): 
per'ta dra"p5'. 

colorless, a. Mat (TO.); matte (/.): mat. 

colors (of a regiment), the. Le drapeau (du regiment): la 
dra"p5' dii re"3l"man'. the colors (of a ship). Le pavilion 
(de navire): la pa"vl"yen' da na"vir'. with the c. Sous les 
drapeaux: sQ le dra"po'. 

colt. Poulain (n. m.): pu"lan'. 

column. Colonne (n. /.): ke'^en'^na. column of fours. 
Colonne par quatre (n. /.): ke'len' ^na par kat'^re. punitive 
c. Colonne chargee d'infliger un chat iment (n. f.) : ke"len'na sliar"- 
36' dan* f 11*36' an ha"tl"man'. the attacking column. La 
coloune de combat: la ke"len'^na da kon'ba'. 

comb. Peigne (n. TO.): pe'^nya. 

combat. Combat (n. m.): kerV'ba'. combatant. Com- 
battant (n. m.): ken'ba'tQn'. 

combine. Combiner (v.): ken"bi"ne'. combination. Com- 
binaison (.): ken'brna* ^,zoh'. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; n = sing; Sliip; thin; this. 



31 A SERVICE DICTIONARY compass" 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; or; full; rflle; but; burn; a = final; 

come, v. Venir: va-nlr'. come (imp.)! Venez: va-ne'. 
c. back! Revenez: ra-va-n6'. c. here! Venez ici: va-n5z'^,rsr. 
c. In! Entrez: an'trC'. here they c. Les voila: 16 vwa'la'. 
may I c. In? Puis-je entrer? pwl'^sa an'tre'. to c. Into play. 
Entrer en jeu: an'trg' an 30. to c. to. Revenir: ra-va-nlr'. 
before coming up with the enemy. Avant d'aborder 1'en- 
nemi: a'van' da*ber*de' len'^na-ml'. In coming to a de- 
cision. En prenant une decision: an pra-nan tin de"srzr^,yen'. 
they are coming this way. Us viennent par ici: II vr^en 
pdr^I'si'. 

comfortable, a. Confortable (m. & /.): ken"fer"td / ^bla. 

command. I. n. 1. Commandement (m.) : kem"s_,ni 

man'. 2. Unite (/.): ii'nl'te' (a company of soldiers). 3. Vue sur 
hauteur de tranchee: vii sur ho'tor* da trari'she' (height of a work, 
above ground). II. r. Commander: kem'^man'de'. assumption 
of command. Prise de commandement : prl ^33 da kem'^mah"- 
da-mand'^,a. c. of the sea. Maitrise de la mer : ma'tn'^se da la 
mer. complete c. Unite constitute: ii'nrte' keri"strtu"e'. 
he will move his c. to. II dirigera son unite vers: II drrr_3a- 
ra' son ii'nrte' var. the heights which c. the line of march. 
Hauteurs qui commandent la ligne de marche: ho"tur / kl kein*- 
mand'^,9 la H'^nya da mar'^sTia. to place an officer In c. of a 
body of troops. Placer un offlcier a la tete d'un corps de troupe: 
pla'se' an 6f*^.fl*sr^,ye' a la tet dan ker da trup. words of c. 
Commandements: kem*^,man*da-man'. 

commandant, n. 1. Chef le plus haut d'une unite (m.) : shef la 
plu ho dun u'nl'te'. 2. Directeur (m.): dl'rek'tur'. 

commander. Chef (n. m.) : slief. commander sin schlef. Com- 
mandant*enchef (n. m.): kem^man'dflh' an slief. command- 
ing officer. Offlcier commandant (n. m.): ef^n'si'ye' kom - 
mon'dan'. subordinate commanders. Chefs en sousordre: 
sliefs^an suz_er'_dra. 

commissariat, n. 1. Commissariat (m.): kem"^,m! / "sa"ri''ci / . 
2. Intendance (/.): an'tah'dans'. 3. Ravitaillement (m.): ra'vi"- 
tai'mah'. 

commission, n. 1. Commission (/.): kem"^ml"si"^yeh'. 
'2. Brevet (m.): bra-vfi' (of an officer). commissioned, a. Bre- 
vete (m.): bra-va-te'. c. officer. Offlcier brevete (n. m.): ef*^ 
fl'sl'^ye' bra-va-to'. 

commit, r. 1. Kngapor: an"ga"3e / . 1. S'engagor: sah"ga"3e'. 
to commit oneself, .^e commettre: sa kem'met'^-tra. 

common, a. 1. Ordinaire (m. & /.): er"dl"njir'. 2. Commun 
(m.): kem'^muh'; commune (/.): kem'^miin'^a. 

commune. Commune (.n.f.) : km''^.muii / ^a. Abbr. Corn 

communicate, <. Communiqucr: koiri"^mu"ni"ke'. com- 
munication, n. 1. Communicutiou (/.): kom*_ma'ni'ka"sl* _ 
yon'. '$. C'ommunique (m.): kem'^mu'nl'ke' (official). to be 
in signaling communication. Communiquer par signaux: 
ktm*_mu"nl"ke' pur sl'^nyo'. to enter Into c. with. Entrer 
en communication avec: ah'trg' ah kem*^mu*nrka"sr_yoir 
o'vck'. 

companion. Camarade (n. m.): ka*ma"rad'. 

((impaiiy. Compagnie (n. /.): kon"pa"nyl'. company's 
agents. Personnel technique: par*son*^n;'!' tt>k'nlk'^,a. the 
company is scattered. La compaiinie t-st disiK-rsee: la kon'pa*- 
ii\1' e dls*parse'. 

compartment. Compartimeni (n. m.): kom"par"tI"maiV. 
tirstsclass compartment. C'ompartinu'iit de premiere classe: 
kem*par*ti*mah' da pra-ml'^ar' klos. second class c. Com- 
pajtiment de deuxieme classe: kem'par'trmah' da duz'^r^Sm' 
klas. third 'Class c. Com part iment de troisieme classe: kem*- 
IKirtrman' da tnvaz'^I'^am' klas. 

compass. Bouasole (n.f.): bus'^aOl'. pair of eMnpasses. 

Cninpas (n. m.): kom* pa'. 

l = habit; aisle; au = tmt; eif; iO~=" i-"<l: 
(llinc; Chin; go; = sif/; ship; filin; Ihi-. 



cSnloy A SERVICE DICTIONARY 32 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pry; hit; police; 
obey; gO; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a == final; 
compel, o. 1. Forcer: fer"se'. 2. Obliger: o"bll"3e'. to compel 

to surrender. Forcer a se rendre: fer"s6 / a 88 ran'^dra. 
complaint. Plainte (n. /.) : plant. 
complete. I. a. Coinplet (TO.): ken^ple'; complete (/.): ken*- 

piat'. II. v. 1. Accompllr: ak'^keh'pllr'. 2. Achever: a'^Shg- 

v6'. completed, pa. Termine (m.): termlnee (/.): tarml*ne'. 

completion. Achevement (n. m.): a'shav'man'. 
complexion, n. 1. Teint (m.): tan (coloring). 2. Complexion 

(/.): ken"plek"sryeri' (disposition, tendency). 
compliance, n. 1. Acquiescement (TO.): ak" s ^k!"as"man / . 2. 

Complaisance (/.): ken'pia'zahs'. 
complicity. Complicite (n. /.): ken"pli w a!''te'. 
compliment, n. 1. Compliment (m.): ker^pirman'. 2. 

Honneur (?.): en'^nur'. to pay compliments to. Faire 

des compliments a: far d5 ken'pirmah' a. 
comply, TO. 1. Acquiescer a: ak"kl"as"^se' a. 2. Se conformer 

a: 89 ken"fer"me' a. 
component, a. Constitutif (m.): ken"sti"tu"trf'; constitutive 

(/.): ken"strtu"tlv'. component parts. Elements constitutifs: 

e'le'man' ken'strtii'tlf. 
*'compray,'* kem"pre' (British soldiers' French for "do you 

under stand?") 
comrade. Camarade (n. m.): ka"ma"rdd'. comradeship. 

Camaraderie (n. /.) : ka*ma"ra''^,da"rl'. 
conceal, v. 1. Cacher: ka^e'. 2. Celer: se"le'. conceal- 

ment, n. 1. Recelement (/.): ra-sal'maiV. 2. Dissimulation 

(/.) : dls'slm''u''la''sr^.yen'. 
concentrate, v. 1. Se concentrer: sa keh"san"trg'. 2. Se 

reunir: sa re*u"nlr'. concentration. Concentration (n. /.): 

ken"san"tra*srv_yen / . 
concert. Concert (n. m): koh w sar'. European concert. 

Concert Europeen: ken"sar' u"r6"pe"ah' (agreement by the 

Powers to take only combined action in the Near East). 
concordat. Concordat (n. m.): ken"ker" do/ (an agreement 

between the Papacy and a secular Power). 
concrete. B6ton (n. m.): be"ten'. 
condemn, v. 1. Condamner: kon w da"ne' (in morals). 2. 

Reformer: re*fer"me' (pronounce unfit for use, as equipment) . 
condenser. Condensateur (n. m.): k0h"dan"sa"tur'. 
condition, n. 1. Condition (/.): keh"dl / 'sl / '^,yen'. 2. Etat 

(m.): 6'ta'. conditional, a. Conditionnel (;.): conditionnelle 

(/.) : keri'drsl'^yen'^nel'. 
conduct. Conduite (n. /.)' kehMwI'^ta. 
conductor. Conducteur (n. m.): ken"diik"tur'. 
cone. Cone (n. m.): kon. cone of burst. Gerbe d'e'clate- 

ment (n. /.): 3&rb dg'kla*_t9-man'. cone of dispersion or 

spread. Cone de dispersion: k6n d9 dls"par*sr^yen'. coned 

breechascrew. Culasse conique (n. /.): ku'las' ken"Ik'. 
confer, v. Conf6rer: ken"fe" re'. conference, n. 1. Con- 

ference (/.): kon'fe'rahs'. 2. Critique (/.): krl'tlk'. 
confess, v. 1. Avouer: a"vu"e'. 2. Reconnaitre: r-ken w ne'^. 

tra. 

confidence. Confiance (n. /.) : ken"fi''ans'. 
configuration. Configuration (n. /.): ken ff fi"gu''ra''sl"^yen. 
confine, v. Confiner: ken"fi"ne / . confinement. Confine- 

ment (n. m.): ken*fT_n8-man'. confinement to barracks. 

Consigne au quartier (n. /.) : ken'sl'^nya 5 kar"tr^y6'. 
confiscation. Confiscation (n. /.): ken"fls"ka"si"^,yon'. 
conflict. I. n. Lutte (/.): Hit, II. v. Lutter: liit"s_te'. 
conform,v. 1. Conformer: ken"fer"me'. 2. Suivre: swi'^vra. 

conform to orders. Suivrc les ordres: s^' 



I - habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud"; 
daa; Cliin; go; n sio; Jihip; thin; tfai. 



33 A SERVICE DICTIONARY convoy 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; gO; net; Or; full; role; but; burn; a =- final; 

confront* v. Conlronter: keh"fren"te'. 

congestion. Amoncellement (n. m.)\ a / "men' f sel' r w ld-man'. 

connect, r. Lier: ll"ye'. connected with. Ce qui a trait a: 
sa kl a trftt^a. connected by telephone. Relie par le tele- 
phone: ra-ii'ye' par la t6*16'f6h'. connecting. Qui unit: kl 
ii'nl'. connecting rod. Blelle (n. /.) : bi'^yel'. connection. 
Liaison (n. /.): ll'a'zen'. in this c. A propos: a pre'po'. 
to keep connection. Assurer la liaison: as*^,su"re' la 11'ft'zen'. 
to maintain c. with. Maintenir la liaison avec: maii'^ta- 
nlr 7 la ll'a'zen' g'vek'. 

conquer, v. Vaincre: van'v^kra. [ken'skrlp'sl'^yen'. 

conscript. Conscrit (n. m.): keh'skri'. conscription (n. /.): 

consider. Considerer (t> ) : ken" si" de" re". 

consolidate, v. Consolider: ken"seri"de'. to consolidate 
the forces. Consolider les troupes: keh'sel'I'de' le trup. 

conspicuous, a. 1. En vue: an vu. 2. En evidence: an^e"vl / '- 
dclns'. 

constitution. Temperament (n. TO.) : tan"pe"ra"man' (physi- 
cal condition). 

construct, v. Construire: ken"strwlr'. under construc- 
tion. Ouverte (a. /.) : u'vart' (said of a road) . 

consul. Consul (n. TO.): ken'sul'. the American Consul. 
Le consul amerlcain: la ken'sul a'me'rTkan'. 

consumption, n. 1. Maladie de poitrine: ma /r la*dl / de pwa"- 
trln' (the disease). 2. Phttsie (f.): tl'zl' (the disease). 3. Con- 
sommatlon: kon"som*^,ma*sryen' (use of supplies, etc.). 

contact. Contact (n. m.) : kan"tdkt'. to come In contact 
with. Prendre le contact avec: pran'^dra la kon'takt' a'vek'. 

content. I. a. Content (m.): ken" tan'; contente (/.): ken"- 
tant'. II. n. 1. Contentement (TO.) : ken'tan'^ta-man' (satisfac- 
tion). 2. Content (m.): ken* tan' (one's fill; contents). 

contraband of war. Contrebande de guerre (n. j.) : ken"tra- 
band' da gar. conditional contraband. Contrebande con- 
ditionnelle (n. /.): ken'tra-ban'^da kefi'dl'sryen'^nel'. 

contract, v. 1. Traiter: tre"te'. 2. Entreprendre: an"^,tra- 
prdn'_dra. contractor, n. 1. Entrepreneur (m.): an'^tra- 
pra-nur'. 2. Fourniaseur (m.): fQr'nls'^sur'. 

contribution. Contribution (n. /.): ken ff trPbu"srs_yen / . 
to exact a contribution from a conquered country. Mettre 
le pays conquis a contribution: met'^tra la pg'^I' kon"kl' a ken*- 
trt'bu'sryen'. 

control. I. n. 1. Contrdle (TO.): ken'tro!'. 2. Surveillance 
(/.): sur*v6'^yahs'. II. . 1. Controler: ken'tro'le'. 2. Re- 
prlmcr: rC'prl'mC'. area under control. Zone sous surveil- 
lance: zOn su 8ur*ve*^yans. c. of fire. Reglage du tlr (m.): 
re'gldj' du tlr. traffic c. Direction des mouvements: dl'rek*- 
81*^, yon' d6 mQv'man'. unity of c. Unite de direction: U'nTte' 
da di'rek'sl'^yen'. 

convalescent, a. Convalescent (TO.): ken"va"le8 / 'v_san'; con- 
valescente (/.): keri'vo'les'^sant'. depot for convalescents 
and cripples. Depot de convalescents et d'eclopes (m.): d6"p5' 
da koh'va'les'^san' e de'klO'pg'. 

convenient, a. Convenable (m. & /.): ken"va-na'^bla. 
when convenient. Quand cela s'arrange: kdh sa-la' sarran'^3a. 

convent. Couvent (n. m.) : ku"van'. Abbreviated Couvt. 

conversation. Conversation (n. /.): ken"var"sa''sl''-^yeh'. 

convey, v. 1. Porter: per"te'. 2. Transporter: trans"per"te'. 
to convey Information. Transmettre des renseignements: 
trans'mgt'^tra d6 rah"s5*^nya-man'. conveyance. Trans- 
port (n. m.): trans'pSr'. 

convoy. I. n. Convoi (m.): ken"vwa'. II. v. Convoyer: 
k()n"\-\va*y6'. commander of a convoy. Chef de convoi: 
shef da ken'vwn'. motor c. Convoi automobile: kefTvwa' 

I - habit; aisle; au = out; oil; itt - feud; 

dttne; cliin; go; Q - siny; ihtp; fhin; ttii. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 34 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; gO; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

6'to"mo''bll'. to go on c. Ailer en convoi: al"^le' an 

ket'rvwfl'. 
cook. I. n. Cuisinier (TO.): kw!"zi w nl"^,yg'. II. v. 1. Cuire: 

kwir. 2. Preparer: pr6"pa"r6'. cook a meal. Preparer un 

repas: pre"pa"re' an ra-pa'. cooking, n. 1. Cuisson (m.) : 

kwls"_8en'. 2. Cuisine (/.): kwl"zm'. cookiiigspot. Marmite 

(n. /.): mar'mlt'. coo ung-place. Emplacement des cuisines 

(TO.): an"pla''^sa-mah' de kwi'zln'. we must do the cooking. 

II faut faire la cuisine: 11 fo far la kwl"zin'. 
COOl, a. Frais (m.): fra; fraiche (/.): frasli. 
cooperate, . Coop6rer: ko"6"pe"re'. to cooperate in. 

Contribuer a: ken"tr!"bii"e' a. cooperation. Cooperation 

(n. /.) : ko*o"pe" f ra"s!"^yeh / . 

COOtie. Pou (n. m.): pu (a louse: soldiers 1 slang). 
cope, v. Tenir tete a: ta-nir' tet a. to cope with the en- 

emy's fire. Repondre au feu de 1'ennemi: re"pen',_dra o fu da 

len'^ne-mT. 
copper, n. 1. Sou (m.): su (small change). 2. Cuivre (m.): 

kvvl'^vra (the metal). give me some coppers. Donnezmoi 

des sous: don"ne' mwa de su. 
copse. Taillis (n. TO.) : tai"yi'. 

cord, n. 1. Corde (/.): kerd. 3. Ficelle (/.): fi"sel'. 
cordite. Cordite (n. /.): ker"dlt' (a smokeless explosive com- 

pound) . 
cork. Bouchon (n. TO.): bu/'slien'. corkscrew. Tire 

bouchon (n. TO.): tir*bu"shen'. 
corn, ?i. 1. Durillon (TO.) : du"ri"yen' (on the foot) . 2. Cor (m.) : 

ker (on the foot). 3. Mais (m.): ma'-^I' (maize). 4. Ble (m.): 

ble (wheat). cornsfleld, n. Champ de ble: slian da ble (wheat* 

field). corn sack. Sac a avoine: sak a av"wan'. 
corner. Coin (n. TO.) : kwan. 
coronet. Couronne (n. /.): ku"ren\_xn9. 
corporal. Caporal (n. TO.): kd"pe"ral'. 
corps. Corps (n. TO.): ker. picked corps. Corps d'61ite: 

ker de"lit'. 
correct. I. a. Correct (TO.); correcte (/.): ker"_rekt'. II. v. 

Corriger: ker*^,n"3e'. correct aim. Justesse de tir: 3us"tes' 

da tir. to correct the dressing. Rectifier I'alignement: rek"- 

t!"fi"ye' la"ir^,nya-maiV (said of troops). corrector. Correcteur 

(n. TO.): ker*^rek"tur'. 
corslet. Plastron (n. TO.): plas"tren' (steel breastplate worn by 

soldiers). 
Cossack. Cosaque (n. TO.): ke"sdk'. Cossack post. Groupe 

de vedettes (/.) : grup da va-det'. 
cost. I. n. Prix (TO.) : pri. II. v. Codter: ku"te'. how much 

does it cost? Combien coute cela? koh"br^,yan' kfit sa-la'. 

obtain at the cost of Obtenir au prix de: eb"ta-nlr'^6 pri de. 

this costs three francs. Ceci coute trois francs: sa-sl' kut 

trwa fran. 

cot. Lit de camp (n. TO.) : li da kari. 
cottage, /i. 1. Chalet (w.) : slia"le', 2. Chaumiere (/.) : slio"- 

mFy&r' (peasant's dwelling). 3. Huron (/re.) : bii'ren' (shepherd' shut). 
counter-approach. Contre*approches (n. /. pi.): ken'-^/tra 



^^. 
counter-attack. I. n. Contre*attaque (/.): keii^-v_/ 

tak'. II. v. Contre-attaquer: ken'^tra-af^tak'e'. to launch a 

counter-attack. Lancer une contre-attaque: lan'se' (in ken"^ 

tra-af^tuk'. 
counter -barrage. Contrebarrage (n. TO.): kefi"^tra-bar"^ 

ras'. 

counter -mine. Centre-mine (n. /.): ken"v^tra-min'. 
counterscarp. Contre*cscarpe (n. /.): ken"_tra-es' / karp'. 
I = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iO = feud; 
diine; cTiin; go; rj = HI"??; )4hip; fhin; this. 



:;:> A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pre"y; hit; police; 
obey; gO; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

countersign, n. 1. Mot de ralliement (m.): mo da rcd^ll*- 
man'. 2. Mot d'ordre: mO der^dra. 

country, n. 1. Pays(m.) : pa'^yl' (native land). 3. Patrie (/.) : 
pa"trl' (fatherland). 3. Campagne (/.): kah'pa'^nya (as opposed 
to town). difficult country. Pays difficile: pa'^yl' dir^fTsIl'. 

enclosed, close c. Pays couvert: pfi'^yl' kQ-'var*. Inter- 
sected, broken c. Pays coupe: pa'-^yl' ku"p6'. level c. Pays 
de plaine: pa*_,yl' da plen. mountainous c. Pays montueux: 
pa'-^yl' meh'tu'C'. open c. Pays expose: pa'^yl' eks'pO'se'. 

thick c. Pays tres couvert: pa'^yl' tre" ku'var'. 
county, n. 1. Canton (m.): kan"teh'. 2. Comte' (m.): ken'te'. 
coupling, n. 1. Attelage (m.): at"ta-la3' (in railroads). 2. 

Accouplement (m.): ak*kQ*s_,pl3-man' (yoking together)_. 

courage, n. 1. Courage (m.): ku'rdy. 2. Hardiesse (/.): 
har* ores'. 

course. Cours (n. m.): kur. in course of preparation. 
En-cours de preparation: an kur da prg*pa"ra"'si*,_,yeh'. senior c. 
Cours des offlclers superieurs: kur dez^erfl'sl'^ye' su"pe*rr^, 
yCr 7 . such a c. Une telle facon de faire: un tel fa'sen' da 
far. 

court. I. n. 1. Cour (/.) : kur (in all senses). 2. Tribunal (m.) : 
trt'bu'ual' (of justice). II. p. 1. Faire la cour a: far la kur a. 8. 
luviter: ah'vrte'. court battle. Rechercher le combat: 
ra-sliar*sliS' la ken'ba'. court of inquiry. Conseil d'enquete 
(m.): ken"se'^ya dah'ke'^ta. 

court smartial, n. 1. Conseil de guerre (m.): ken"se'^,ya da 
gSr. 2. Cour martiale (/.): kur inar*sr^,yar. the c.anartial 
is convened. Le conseil de guerre est convoque: la ken*s6'^ya 
da gar 6 ken'vO'kg'. to arraign a soldier before a c.=martial. 
Traduire un soldat en conseil de guerre: tra"d\vlr' ah sol'da' ah 
kehse'_ya da gar. to be tried by c.*martlal. Etre juge par 
le conseil de guerre: a'^tra 311*36' pur la keh'se'^ya da gar. 

court syard. Cour (n. /.): kur. 

cover. I. n. 1. Couvert (m.): ku"var'. 2. Abri (m.): a"bri' 
(protection). II. r. 1. Couvrir: ku'vrtr'. 3. Tenir en joue: ta-n'r* 
ah sQ (aim at). bombproof cover. 1. Abri a 1'epreuve dea 
obus: a'brt' a 16*prov' d6z^5'bu'. 3. Abri blinde a 1'epreuve: 
a'brt' blan"d' a le'pruv'. covering troops. Troupes de couver- 
ture: trap da kQ'vfir'tur'. overhead cover. Abri contre 
le tir fusant: a'brt' keh'^tra la tlr fu'sah'. to c. an area (with 
falling projectiles). Garnir un terrain: gar'nlr' ah tar*rah'. 
to c. or protect the train. Couvrir le train: kQ'vrtr' la trah. 
to get under c. Defller: d6*n'lC'. to take c. 1. Prendre abri: 
prah'^dra a'brt'. 2. S'abriter: sa'brrte'. troops under c. 
Di s troupes abritges: d6 trupz^a'brt'tO'. 

covered, a. 1. Couvert (m.): ku'var'; couverte (/.): ku"vart'. 
i. lioise (m.), boisee (/.): bwa'z' (wooded). 

cow. I. n. Vache (/.) : vd'^slia. II. r. 1. Effrayer: ef"v^fra"ye'. 
2. Accabler: ak'^ka'blfi'. cowhouse. Vacherle (n. /.): vash'- 
a-rl'. On maps Vacie. 

coward. Lache (n. m.): lasli. 

cradle. Berceau (n. m.): bar*so' (m all senses). 

cramp. I. n. 1. Crampo (/.): krdnp. 2. Crampon (m.): 
krah'poh' (iron). II. v. 1. Gener: s6*n6'. 2. Resserrer: ra- 

re'. to cramp initiative. Entraver 1'lnitiative: 
tra've' 



crane, n. Grue (/.): grii (in all senses). 

crank, n. 1. Manivi>ll> (/.): ma'nrvel'. 2. Cran (m.): krcui. 

to crank the machine. Mettre le motur en marche: met'^. 

tra la mO'tur 7 ah mar'sha. 

crankshaft. Vilobrequin (n. .): virbra-kan'. 
crater. Entonnoir (n. m.): ah'ten'^war' (made by a shell). 
crawl, r. Se trainer: sa tra*n'. crawling. En rampant: 

ah rah'pfih'. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ofil iu = feud; 
dUne; cTlin; go; = sing; Ship; fhin; this. 



SartSg A SERVICE DICTIONARY 36 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g5; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; d = final; 

cream. Cr6me (n. /.) : krem. cream ^colored, a. Isabelle 
(TO. & /.): I"za"bel' (said of a horse). 

crest, n. 1. Crete (/.): kre'^ta (summit). 2. Insigne (m.) 
an'sl'^-nya (heraldic device or emblem). crest line. Ligne de 
crete (/.): ll'^nya da kre'ta. 

crevice. Crevasse (n. /.) : kra-vas'. 

crew, n. 1. Equipage (TO.): e"kr"pd3'. 2. Troupe (/.): trup. 
3. Personnel (m.): par"sen"_nel'. 

cricket shall, n. A balHike bomb: soldiers' slang. 

"crimed," a. Entered on the sergeant*major's "crime sheet" 
as an offender: said of a soldier. 

cringe, v. Ramper: rah"pe'. cringing, a. Servile (m. &/.): 
sar"vll'. 

cripple. I. n. 1. Estropi6 (TO.): es"tr5"pi"^ye'. 2. Ampute 
(TO.) : an'pii'te'. II. v. Mettre hors de combat: met'^tra er da 
ken'ba'. 

crisis. Crise (n. /.): kriVza. 

crop, n. 1. Culture (/.): kul"tur' (cultivation). 2. RScolte (/.) : 
re"kolt' (harvest). to gather crops. Moissonner: mwa'sen"^ 
ue'. 

cross. I. n. Croix (/.) : krwa. II. v. 1. Traverser: tra"var"se'. 
2. Crolser: krwa"ze'. crossed by water scourses. Traverse 
par cours d'eau: tra"var"se' pa kur do. to c. a river. Traverser 
un fleuve: tra*var"se' an fluv. to cross one another. Se 
crolser: sa krwa"ze'. wayside c. Calvalre (n. m.): kal"var'. 

cross-bar. Palonnier (n. TO.): pa"len"s_-m"^ye' (swingletree) . 
front c.sbar. Palonnier de frein: pa"len"^.nr^.ye' da fran. 
rear c.^bar. Palonnier d'appel: pa"lon"^nr_ye' dap"pel'. 

cross ^examination. Contrennterrogatoire (TO.): keh'^tra aii"- 
tar"ro"ga"twar'. c.^examining a suspect. Interrogatoire d'un 
individu suspect (TO.) : an"tar"re"ga''twar' dan an"dl"vrdu siis'pe'. 
c.seye. Strabisme (n. m.): strcTbisrn'. 

crossing, n. 1. Croisement (TO.): krwa'^za-mdn'. 2. Passage 
(TO.): pas" ^,303'. crossing below. Passage en dessous (TO.): 
pas's^sas'^an da-su'. dangerous c. Croisement dangereux 
(TO.): krwa"^,za-man' dan"^3a-ru'. in c. Pendant la traver- 
Bee: pan"dan' la tra*var"se'. level c. Passage a niveau: pas"^ 
saz'^.a nl*vo'. overhead c. Passage en dessus: pas'sas'^an 
da-su'. 

cross-road, crossway. Carrefour (n. TO.): car^ra-fur'. Ab- 
breviated Carref 1 '. 

crouching, a. En rampant: an rah"pdh'. 

croup. Croupe (n. /.): krup. 

crow. Corbeau (n. m.) : ker"bo'. as the crow flies. A vol 
d'oiseau: a vel dwa"zo'. crow's foot. Chausse-trape (n. /.): 
STi6s"trap' (a caltrop). 

"crucifixion." Crucifixion (n. /.): cru"sI"fik"sT"^,y0n' (being 
tied to the wheel of a limber: a military punishment). 

cruel, a. Cruel (TO.): krii"el'; cruelle (/.): kru"el'x_/la. 

cruiser. Croiseur (n. m.): krwa"zfir'. auxiliary cruiser. 
C'roiseur de deuxieme classe: krwa"zur' da du"zr^.yam' klas. 
cruising ssquadron. Croisiere (n. /.): krvva'zr^yar'. 

crupper. Bande de reculement: band da ra-ku"la-man'. 

crush, v. 1. Ecraser: e"kra"ze'. 2. Moudre: mfi'^dra. 

C. S. M. (Company Sergeant*Major.) Sergent major de com- 
pagnie (n. m.): sar'san' ma"3r' da keh'pa'^nyl'. 

cuirassier. Cuirassier (n. TO.): kwi"ras"^si"^ye'. 

cultivated, a. Cultive (TO.); cultivee (/.): kul"ti"ve'. 

culvert. Ponceau (n. TO.) : peh"so'. Abbreviated Pceau. 

cummerbund. Ceinture (n. /.): sah"tur' (girdle worn by the 
Chasseurs d'Afrique). 

cunning, a. Ruse (TO.); rusee (/.): ru"'ze / . 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; Ifl = fetid, 

diine; Cliin; go; = sing; sllip; thin; this. 



37 A SERVICE DICTIONARY firing 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; gd; net; er; full; rQle; but; burn; a = final; 

cup, n. 1. Tasse (/.): tds'^sa (for coffee, etc.). 2. Quart (m.): 
kar (mug). 

cupola. Coupole (n. /.): ku"p6l'. 

curb, n. 1. More (m.): mer (of a bit). 2. Bordure (/.): ber"- 
diir' (of a street). ourb*chain. Gourmette (./.): gur'met'. 

current. Courant (n. m.) : ku"ran'. 

curry scomb. fitrille (n. /.): e"trl'^ya. 

curtain, n. 1. Rideau (m.): ri'do'. 2. Courtine (/.): kur'tln' 
(of a fort). curtain of fire. Rideau de feu: rl'do' da fu (shell* 
fire designed to pretcnt the advance of reinforcements). 

cushion. Bourrelet (n. m.): bur"^ra-le'. 

"cushy." (Soldiers' slang for comfortable.) 

custody. Garde (n. /.) : gdrd. custody of prisoners of war. 
Garde des prisonniers de guerre: gdrd de prrzen*^,nr^,ye' da gar. 

customhouse. Douane (n. /.) : du"dn'. On maps Dne. cus- 
toms officer. Douanier (n. m.): du"an'_ye'. 

cut. I.n.m. Coupde taille: ku da tai'v^ya. II. v. 1. Couper: 
ku'pe'. 2. Talller: tai'ye'. cut my hair. Coupez moi les 
cheveux: ku'pe' mwa le slia-vu'. cut short. Court (m.): kur; 
courte (/.): kiirt. to be cut off from the main body. Etre 
coupe du corps principal: a'_tra ku'pe' dii ker pran'srpdl'. 
to cut short. Raccourcir: rak*^.kur"slr / . to out commu- 
nications with the inside. Couper les communications avec 
1'interleur: ku'pe' 16 kem'^mu'ni'ka'sl'^yen a'vek' lah'te'rl'^, 
yur*. to cut off. Retrancher: ra-trah'shc'. to cut to pieces. 
Echarper (p.): e'^har*pe'. trees should not be cut down. 
II ne faut pas abattre les arbres: II na Id paz^,a*ba'^tra lez^, 



cutler. Coutelier (n. m.): ku 

cutting. Deblai (m.): de"ble' (of a railroad). 

cyclist. Cycliste (n. m.): si"kllst'. 

cylinder. Cylindre (n. m.): srian'^dra. 

cymbal. Cymbale (n. /.) : san"bal'. 

Cyprus, n. Chypre: slilp'^ra (island in Mediterranean Sea) . 

cyst. Kyste (n. m.) : kist. 



D. A. C., abbrev. Divisional Ammunition Column. 

daily. I. a. 1. Quotidien (m.): ko'tid'^yan'; quotidienne 

(/.): kO'tld'^yen'^na. 2. Journalier (m.): 3urnal_ye'; jour- 

naliere (/.) : sur'nal'^yar'. II. adv. Tous les jours: tu lg sur. 

dally rations. Vivres d'ordinaire (?.): vlv'_ra der'dl'nfir'^a. 
dairy. Laiterie (n. /.) : Ia"t9-ri'. 
dam. I. n. 1. Digue (/.): dig'^a. On maps Dig. 2. Barrage 

(m.): bar*^ra3'^a. On maps Bge. II. p. Falre un barrage: 

far an bar*^ra3'_a. 
damage. I. n. 1. Dommage (m.): dem"x_-nia3 / s_xa. 2. 

Degat (m.): de'ga'. II. v. Endommaner: an*dom'^,ma'^-3o'. 

wanton damage. Dommage volontaire: dom'^mo3'_a 

vel'on'tar'^a. 
damp. I. n. Humidite (/.): ^midTte'. II. a. Humide (m. & 

/.) : u*mld'_a. 

dandy brush. Brosse i pansage (/.): bres^a pan*sa3'^a. 
Dane, n. Danois (m.): da*nwd'; danoise (/.): du"nwdz'. 
danger. Danger (n. m.) : dah"3e'. dangerous, a. Dangereux 

(m.): dan'sa-ru'; dangereuse (/.): dah'sa-ruz'. [of a horse). 

dappled gray. Gris pommele (.): grl pem"^ma-le' (color 
Dardanelles, dar"da"nel'^,la, /. pi. Straits between the Sea 

of Marmora and the ^Egean Sea. 
daring. I. n. Audace (/.): o'dds'^a. II. a. Audacieux 

(m.): O'do'si'^yu'; audacieuse (/.): 0'da'sr^yuz'^.a. 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 1Q = feud; 
dune; Cllin; go; n = sing; ship; thin; this. 



delay A SERVICE DICTIONARY 38 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pry; hit; police; 

Obey; gO; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a final; 

dark. I. n. 1. Obscurit6 (/.): ob'skii''^^'. 2. Nuit (/.): 
nwi (night). II. a. 1. Noir (m.); noire (/.): nwfir. 2. Obscur 
(m.) ; obscure (/.) : ob'skur'. 3. Sombre (w. & /.) : sen'^bra. 4. 
Foncfi (m.); fonc6e (/.): fen"s6' (in color). before dark. Avant 
la tombed de la null: a'vfln' la ten'bfi' da la nwi. In the d. 
Dans 1'obscurite: dafi Ieb"8ktt"rrt6'. it is d. II fait nuit: II fg 
nwi. 

dart. Fleche d'a6ro (n. /.) : fla'^slia da*g"ro' (to be dropped 
from an aeroplane). 

dash. I. n. m. lan: e"ldn'. II. r. 1. Se pr6cipiter: se pre*- 
sl'pI'tC'. 2. S'elancer: s6"lan's6'. 

data. 1. Donnees (/. pi.): den"^ne'. 2. Renseignements (m. 
pi.) : ran*s6"^nya-man'. 

date. I. n. 1. Date(/.): dot (day of year). 2. Datte(/.): 
dat'^ta (fruit). II. r. Dater: da'te'. what is the date? 
1. Quelle est la date? kel"_6 la dot. 2. Quel jour sommes-nous? 
kel 3Qr sem'^ma nu. 

daughter. Fille (/.): fi'^ya. 

dauntless, a. Indomptable (TO. & /.) : an"den"td'^bla. 

dawn. Aube (71. /.): 6'^ba. at dawn. A 1'aube: a lo'^ba. 

day, n. 1. Jour (m.): 3ur. 2. Jounce (/.): 3ur"ne' (lenyth of 
day). by day. 1. De jour: da sur. 2. Pendant le jour: pan* dan' 
la 3Qr (during the day). day after to*morrow. Apresdemaln: 
a'pre' da-man'. day before yesterday. Avant-hier: o'van'tl"^, 
yer'. day of month. Jour du mois: sQr dii ni\va. day of week. 
Jour de la semaine: sdr da la sa-man'. next day (n. m.). Lcn- 
demain: lan"da-man'. day's march. Etape (n. /.): 6'tap'^a. 
two days ago. II y a deux jours: II ya du sur. what day of the 
week is it? Quel jour de la semaine sommesnous? kel 3Qr da 
la sa-man' sem'^ma nu. what is the day of the month? 
Quel jour du mois somme>nous? kel sur dii mwa sem'^me nu. 

daybreak, n. Point du jour: pwan dii 3ur. after daybreak. 
Apres le lever du jour: a"prS' la la-ve' dii sur. at daybreak. 
Au point du jour: 6 pwan dii 3Qr. 

daylight, n. Jour (m.): 3ur. before daylight. Avant le 
jour: a"van' la 3Qr. broad d. Grand jour: gran sur. 

dead, a. Mort (m.): mer; morte (/.): mert. he Is dead. 
II est mort: II 6 mer. to bury the d. Enterrer les morts: 
an'tar'^re' 16 mer. 

deaf, a. Sourd (m.): sur; sourde (/.): surd. 

deal. I. n. m. Sapin: sa"pah' (the u-ood). II. r. Agir: a"5ir'. 
to deal with any violations. Statuer sur toutes les infractions: 
sta"tii"C' sur tut'^a 15z_afi"frak"sr^yon. to d. wiiii the 
following points. Mentionner les points suivants: man'sl'^ 
yen'^ng' 16 pw^an swi'van'. 

dear, a. Cher (TO.); chfire (/.): sMr. It Is dear. CVst chcr: 
se sliar. it is very d. CVst trcs cher: s6 tre shar. ii Is too 
d. C'est trop cher: se tro sliar. not too d. Pas trop cher: 
pd trO shar. 

death. Mort (n. /.): mer. 

debark, v. D6barquer: de"bar"ke'. 

debt. Dette (n. /.) : det'^ta. [tron'puz'. 

deceitful, a. Trompeur (m.): treh ff pur'; trompeuse (/.): 

deceive, r. 1. Tromper: troh"pe'. 2. D6cevoir: de"sa-vwdr'. 

December. D6cembre (n. m.): de"sun'^bra. 

decide, v. Decider: de"sl"de'. he has decided on of- 
fensive action. II s'est decide pour roffc-nsive: II s6 de'sl'de' 
pdr lef'^fan'slv'. to decide on the number. Fixer le 
nombre: flk'^se' la nen'^bra. 

decimal. D^cimale (n. /.) : de"srmo.r. the decimal system 
Le systdme decimal: la 8ls"t6m' dg'sl'mal. 

decision. Decision (n. /.): d6"'srzr_,yeh'. 

I = habit; aisle; an = out; ell; lu = feud; 

dtine; cfhin; go; = si/iff; iftlip; (hin; Uiis. 



:',<) A SKUVICE DICTIONARY d *}j* 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; Or; full; rQIe; hut; burn; 8 = final; 

decisive, a. Decisif (m.): (16'sl'slf; decisive (/.): de"sl"slv'. to 
deliver the decisive attack. Prononcer 1'attaque decisive: pro"- 
neft'e / lot'^-tflk' dfi'sreflv'. 

deck. Pont (n. m.): pen. fore deck. Gaillard d'avant (m.): 
goi'ydr' da'vfln'. lower d. Entrepont (m.): an'^tra-pen'. 
main d. Pont superieur: pon su'pS'rt'^yur'. quarter d. 
Gaillard d'arriere (m.): gal'yar' dar'^rt'^yar'. second d. 
Pont inferieur: pen an'ie'rt'^yur'. upper d. Pont superieur: 
pen su'pe'rr^yur'. 

declaration. Declaration (n. /.): de"kla"ra".sl"^yen'. Dec- 
laration of London. Declaration de Londres: de'kla'ra'sl*^ 
yon' da Len'^dra (agreement of the Great Powers as to blockades, 
contraband of war. etc., proposed in 1909). d. of war. Declara- 
tion de guerre: de"kla*ra"sr>_yeh da gar. 

decline. I. n. /. Descente: des'-^sdnt'. II. v. D6cliner: de"- 
kirnS'. steep decline. Descente rapide: des*_,sant' ra"pld'. 
tortuous d. with sharp turns. Descente sinueuse avec 
mauvais virage: des"^,sant' srnii'uz' a'vek' m5*ve' vl'ras'. 

declivity, n. 1. Descente (/.): des"sant'. 2. Coteau (?n.): 
ko"t5'. On maps Cot. 3. Pente(/.): pant. [automobile term). 

declutch, c. D6brayer: de"bra"ye' (to release the clutch of: 

decoration. Decoration (n. /.): de"ker / 'a''sl''^yen'. 

deed, n. 1. Action (/.) : ak ff sl"_yen'. 2. Fait (m.) : fe. 

deep, a. Profond (m.): pre"fon'; profonde (/.): pre"fend'^,a. 
- deepssct, a. Enfonce (m.); enfoncee (/.): an'reh'sg' (said of 
the eyes: a mart: of identification). 

default, v. Faire defaut: far de'fo'. in default of. A de*- 
faut de: a dfi'fS' da. defaulter, n. 1. Defaillant (m.): dg'fai'- 
yah' (one icho has broken the laic, ctril or military). 2. Insoumis 
(m.)'. an"sQ"mI' (one who refuses to join the colors when called). 

defeat. D6faite (n. /.): de"fat'. a crushing defeat. Une 
doroute: tin de'rdt'. 

defend, r. D^fendre: de"fdn'^dra. we are to defend. 
Nous allons defendre: nQz^arv_len' dg'fan'^dra. 

defense. Defense (n. /.): de"fans'. accessory means of 
defense. Defenses accessoires- de'fans'^aks'^ses'^swar'. 
coast defenses. Defenses cotieres: dg'fchis' kO'tr'yfir'. Inner 
d. Defenses interii-ures: d6"fans'^.ahte"rr^yur'. national 
d. Defense natlonale (re. /.): de'fans' na*8T^ye6'(U', perma- 
nent d. Defenses permanentes: dg'fons' par'ma'nnnt'. pro- 
visional d. Defenses provisoires: de'fans' pro'vrzwar'. sys- 
tem of general defense. Systeme general de defense (m.): 
sls'tem' 3?"ne"rul' da dC'fflns'. to put in a state of d. Mettre 
n I'tat de defense: met'^tra aft 6*ta' da dC'fans'. 

defensive, a. D^fensif (?n.): de"f ah"slf ' ; defensive (/.): 
de"fah"slv'. defensive works. Travaux militaires: tra'vO' 
mi"ll*tar'. on the d. Sur la defensive: sur la de"fanKlv'. 
to occupy a d. position. Occui>er une position defensive: 
ek'kirpC' un pfi'zrsr^yoh' dC'fan'sIv'. 

deflciency. Manque (n. m.): monk; d6faut (m.): de"fo'. 

defilade. Denier (v.): de"fl"le' (protect from enfilade). 

defile. I. n. Defile (m.): de"fi"le' (a narrow pass). On maps 
Dtfi. II. v. Defller: de"fl"le' (march in single jile). command 
a defile. Commander un del!16: kom'mah'de' afi de'fl'16'. to 
pass through a d. Passer un deillg: pas'^sfi' an de*n*16'. 

deflate, v. Ddgonfler: de"geh"fle'. 

deflection. D6rive (n. /.): de"rlv'. 

degree. Dcgr6 (n. m.): da-gre'. degree of education. 
iX'k're d'lnstruction: da-grC' dan"struk*sr^yeiV. 

dejected, a. Abattu (m.), abattue (/.): a"bat"tu'. 

dekko, dek'o, n. [Eng. soldiers' slang.] Look (at something). 
Regardez: re-gar* d6'. 

delay. I. n. 1. Deiai (m.): de*le'. 2. Retard (m.): ra-tar 7 . 

I = habit; aisle; au out; oil; iQ - feud; 

dune; cTiin; go; D = sin0; fllip; thin; this. 



dlrecT SC A SERVICE DICTIONARY 40 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
II. P. Retarder: ra-tar"de'. with as little delay as possible. 
Avec le moins de retard possible: a"vek' Id rnwan de ra-tar' pes*^ 
sl'^ble. without d. Sans retard: son ra-tcir'. the advance 
may be delayed. La marche en avant peut etre retardee: la 
margh aft a'van' put^a'^tra ra-tar'de'. 

Delcasse, Theophile, del"kas"^se', te"o"fir. French states- 
man. 

deliver, v. Distribuer: dls"tri"bu"e'. to deliver or make an 
attack, or an assault. Llvrer une attaque, un assaut: ll'vre' tin 
at's^tflk', an as'^so'. to d. up a fortress to the enemy. 
Livrer une place a 1'ennemi: ll"vre' un plas a len'na-nu'. 

delivery, n. 1. Livraison (/.) : li"vra"zen'. 2. Distribution (/.) : 
dls'trrbu'sr^yen'. delivery of stores. Distribution des ap- 
provlslonnements: dls"trrbu"sr^,yen' dez^ap'^pro'vl'sr^yefi* 
,_na-man'. 

dell, n. Creux (TO.): kru; vallon (TO.): vaV'^lon'. 

demand. I. n. f. Demande: da-mand'. II. v. 1. Demander: 
da-man'de'. 2. Reclamer: re'kla'me'. 

demarche, de"marsTi', n. f. A change in method of action 
or procedure. 

'demilune. Demilune (n. /.): da-ml"lun' (ravelinlike out- 
work) . 

demolish, v. Abattre: a"bat'tra. 

denial. D6n6gation (n. f.) : de"ne"ga"si"x^yen / . 

denounce, v. D6noncer: de"neh"se'. 

dentist. Dentiste (n. TO.) : dan"tlst'. 

deny, v. 1. Nier: m"e'. 2. Denier: de"nl"e'. 3. Interdire a: 
an'tar'dlr' a. 

depart, v. Partir: pai^'tir'. departure. Depart (n. TO.): 
dg'par'. 

department. D6partement (n. TO.) : de^pai^ta-man'. Ab- 
breviated Dipt. department of charities. Departemeut de 
blenfaisance: de"par"ta-mah' da br^yan'fa'zans'. 

depend, v. D6pendre: de"pan'v^dra. depend on. Compter 
sur: ken'te' siir. that depends. Cela depend: sa-lu' de'pcin'. 

deploy, v. Se d^ployer: sa de"plwa"ye'. 

deploying. Deploiement (n. TO.): de"plwa"man'. 

depot. D6pot (n. TO.): de"po'. The term is used generally 
for a storehouse, recruiting-station, barracks, or base of supplies. 
In the French army there are In addition: depots de convales- 
cents (de"p5' da keh"va"les"ant) ; depots de remonte (de'po' da 
ra-ment'). for remounts; depots de tranchees (de"p6' da tran*- 
slie'), for tools and material used In siege operations. ordnance 
depot. Depot de materiel de guerre: de'po' da ma'te'rl'^yel' da 
gar. regimental d. 1. Depot de regiment: de'po' da re'sl- 
man'. 2. Portion centrale (/.): per'sr^yen' san'tral'. staff 
central motor d. Depot de materiel automobile et personnel: 
d6"p5' da ma*te"rl*^,yer o"tfl"mo"bll' e par"sen"^nel'. 

depth. Profondeur (n. /.): pro"fon"dur'. 

depute, v. 1. D^puter: de"pu"te'. 2. Charger: sTiar"3e'. 

deputy. 1. Adjoint (TO.): a'swan'. 2. Depute (m.): de'pu'te'. 

derrick. Mat df charge (n. TO.): md da shars. to rig a 
derrick. 1. Cireer un mat de charge: gre'e' an ma da Sliars. 
2. Pousser une vergue en bataille: pus'^se' (in var'^ga an 
ba*tal'^,ya. 

descend, v. Descendre: des"v_,san'^dra. 

description, n. 1. Description (/.): des^rip^sr^yen'. 2. 
Signalement (m.): srnya"^la-man' (identification). 

desert, v. D6serter: de"zur"te'. deserter. D^serteur (n. 
TO.): de'zar"tur'. desertion, deserting. Desertion (n. /.): 



deserve, v. Meriter: me // r! g te / . 



l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iu = feud; 
diine; Cliin; go; n = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



41 A SERVICE DICTIONARY De J?ecf 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; fir; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

desire. I. n. m. Desir: de"zir'. II. v. Desirer: de"zrr6'. 

despatch, n. & v. See DISPATCH. 

destroy, v. 1. DStruire: dS'trwIr'. 2. Ruiner: ruTne'. 
3. Perdre: par^dra. destroyer, n. 1. Destructeur (m.): 
des'trilk'tur 7 (one who destroys). 2. Crolseur-torpllleur (m.): 
krwa"zur' ter'pryur' (vessel of war). [fighting). 

desultory, a. Decousu (m.), decousue (/.): de"ku"su' (of 

detach. Detacher (t>.) : de"ta"slie'. detached, pa. Detache 
(m.). detachee (/.): dg'ta'sTie'. 

detachment. Detachement (n. m.): de'ta^i'man'. 

detail. I. n. m. Detail: de'tai'^ya. II. v. 1. Detacher: 
dO'tasli'e'. 2. Fournir: mrnlr'. 3. Affecter: af*_fek*te'. in 
detail. Minutleusement: mrnu'sl'^yuz'man'. to enter or 
go into details. Entrer dans les details: on'trg' dan 16 de'tai'. 

detain, v. 1. Arreter: ar"^re"te'. 2. Retenir: ra-ta-nir'. 

detective. Agent de la police de suretS (n. m.) : a"3on' da la 
P6"lls' da sur-te'. 

detonator, n. 1. Dtonateur (m.): de"te"na"tur'. 2. Amorce 
fulminante (/.) : a'mers' ful'ml'nant'. 

detrainnient, n. 1. Debarquement (m.): de^bar'^ka-mdn'. 
2. Descente du train (/.): d6s"sant' dii trail. detraining = 
station. Gare de debarquement (re./.) : gar da de*bar*^ka-man'. 

devastate. Devaster (r.): de ff vas"te'. 

develop. Developper j>.): de'va-lep"pe'. development. 
Developpement (n. m.): de'va-lep'^pa-man'. 

diachylon, diachylum. Diachylon (n. TO.): dl"d"kl"len' 
(a plaster of lend'oxid, olive oil, and water). 

dial. Cadran (n. TO.): ka'drdn'. 

diabsight. Goniometre (n. TO.): g6"ni"6 /l 'me / ^tra. 

diary. Journal (n. m.) : sur'ndl'. weekly diary. Semainier: 
(n. m.): se'me'nr^ye'. 

dictionary. Dictionnaire (n. TO.): dik"sr^yen"^nar'. 

die, v. Mourir: mu'rir'. to die bravely. Mourir brave- 
ment: mu'rlr 7 brav'man'. to die hard. Lutter contre Ja mort: 
lut'^,tS' ken'^tra la mer. 

difference. Difference (n. /.): diffe"rans'. to pay the 
difference. Faire 1'appoint: far lap'pwan'. to split the 
difference. Partager le dlfferend: par*ta*36' la dir_fgrah'. 

different, a. Different (TO.): dlf^fe'ran'; diff6rente (/.): 
dir^,f6*rant'. 

ciffereiitial. Differentiel (n. TO.): dir^fe"ran"s!''^yel'. 

ditHcult, a. Difficile (m. &/.): dlf"^fl"sll'. difficulty, n. 
1. Difflculte (/.): dlf'fl'kul'te'. 2. Peine (/.): pen. to over- 
come a difficulty. Sauter pardessus une dlfflculte: sO'te* 
par-da-su' un dir^fl'kul'tg'. without difficulty. Sans peine: 
son pen. 

dig. Creuser (c.): kru'se'. to dig a trench. Creuser une 
tranchee: kru'ze' iin trarT^he'. to dlje in. Retrancher: 
ra-tran*^h6' (intrench). to dig open. Ouvrir: Q'vrir'. to 
dlR out. Deterrer: de*tar*^re'. to dig through. Percer: 
par*s6'. 

Dijon, dl'sen', n. French city. 

dimple. Fossette (n. /.): fos'-^set'. Used in identification. 

dine. Diner (.): di"ne'. dining car. Wagon-restaurant 
(n. m.): va'gen' res*te*rah'. d.room, n. Sal le a manger: sola 
man'36'. Dinner. Diner (n. m.) : dTn6'. dlnner'halt, n. Grand'- 
halte: grand'halt'. d.tlme, n. L'heure du diner: lur dii dl'ng'. 
d. Is served. Le diner est pret: la dl'ng' 6 pr5. In soldiers' slang. 
"dinner tip." to sit down to d. Se mettre a table: sa met'^tra 
a td'^bla. 



dip, v. Piquer- pi"ke' (with an aeroplane). 
direct, r. 1. Diriger: drri"3e'. 2. Indiquer: 



an'dTke'. 



i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 1Q = feud; 
diine; cTlin; go; n = sing; Sliip; fhin; this. 



donkey*" A SUKV'ICE DICTIONARY 42 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; bOrn; a -= final; 

direction. Direction (n. /.) : dl ff rek"si"_yen'. in a direction 
toward. Vers: var. in ail directions. De tous c<K6s: da 
tQ kO"t'. 

dirigible (balloon). Dirigeable (n. m.): dTrl'sa'^bls. 

dirk, n. Poignard (m.): pwa"nydr'. 

dirty, a. Sale (m. & /.) : sal. 

disable, t>. 1. Rendre incapable: ran'^xlra an"ka"pd'^bla. 
2. Mettrehprs de combat: met'_tra her da ken'bd'. to disable 
a gun. Demonter une piece: de"men"te' iin pi'^ygs'. 

disappear, v. Disparaitre: dls"pa"ra'^tra. disappearing 
carriage. Affut disparaissant (m.): af^fii' dls*par"as"^8an'. 

disarm, v. Dsarmer: de"zdr / "me / . 

disaster. 1. Debacle (n. /.) : de"bd'_kla. 2. Malheur (. 
m.): ma'lur'. 3. Desastre (re. /.) : d5'zas'_tra. 

disband, v. Se debander: sa de"ban"de'. 

discharge. I. n. 1. Decharge (/.): de"slidr'^3a. 2. Ac- 
complissement (m.}: ak"keri"plls"s9-man'. II. . 1. Reformer: 
re"fer"me' (to retire from the army as physically unfit). 2. 
Liberer: irbe"re' (to discharge on completion of military service). 
in the discharge of his duties. Dans 1'execution de son 
service: dan leg"ze"ku"8l''^yen' da sen sar'vls'. 

discipline. Discipline (n. /.): dl"si"pli'-^na. discipline is 
a powerful aid. La discipline est une aide puissante: la dl"sr- 
plln' et_un^e'^da pwls"^_sant'. 

discourage, . Decourager: de"ku"ra"3e'. 

disease. Maladie (n. /.): ma"la"dl'. infectious disease. 
Maladie infectieuse: ma"la"dl' ari"fek"s!"^yuz'. 

disembark, v. D6barquer: de"bar"ke'. disembarkation. 
Debarquement (re. TO.) : de"bar*^ka-man'. point of disembar- 
barkatlon. Point de debarquement (n. m.) : pwan da de"bar*^ 
ka-man'. 

disguise. I. n. m. D6guisement: de"gl"za-man'. II. t). 1. 
Deguiser: de"gl"ze'. 2. Cacher: ka'slie'. 

dish. Plat (n. m.): pld. 

disheartened, a. Decourage (m.); d6couragee (/.): de"ku"- 
ra"s6'. 

disinfect, v. Desinfecter: de"zan"fek"te'. disinfectant. Di- 
sinfectant (n. m.): de"zah"fek"tan'. disinfecting, a. Desin- 
fectan(w.): de"zan"fek"tan'; desinfectante (/) : de"zan"fek"tdnt'. 
disinfecting fluid. Desinfectant (re. m.) : d^'zan'tek'tan'. 

disk, n. 1. Disque (m.): disk. 3. Plaque (/.): plok'. 
Identification or identity disk. Plaque d'identite: plflk 
dl"dan"trtg'. signal disk. Disque signal (n. m.) : disk sl'^nyfll'. 

dislocated, a. Disloqu6 (m.); disloquee (/.): dls"lo"kc'. 

dislodge, *. Debusquer: de"b(is"ke'. 

dismantle, v. 1. Demanteler: de"man"ta-le'. 2. Desarmer: 
d6z'ar*me'. 3. Ecreter: e"kra"t5' (unthshot). dismantlement. 
Demantelement (n. m.): de"man''t6rman'. 

dismiss, v. 1. Renvoyer: raii"vwa"ye'. 2. Cong6dier: kon"- 
se"dr_ye'. dism. s! Rompcz! ren"pe' (military command) . 

dismount, v. Descendre de cheval: de"sdn's_dra da sha-vdT. 
dismount! Pied a terre! pl"y6d'^,a tar. 

disorder. D6sordre (n. m.): de^er'^dra. 

dispatch. I. n. 1. Envoi (TO.): arVvwd'. 2. De'pe'che (/.): 
de"pasli'. II. P. 1. Expedier: eks"pS*dI*^y6'. 2- Envoyer: 
ahv\va'yg'. carry dispatches. Porter des depeches: per"t6' 
d6 dfi'pasli. dispatch rlder, n. Estafette (/.): es'ta'fet'. 
to d. a troop. Expedier une troupe: eks'pe'dl'^ye' iin trap. 
with the utmost d. Au plus vite possible: 5 pltt vlt pos'^sl'^bla. 

disperse, c. Disperser: dls"par"se'. 

display, n. 1. fitalage (TO.): e"tal"o3'. 2. Deploiement 
(m.): de'plvva'man' (of troops). 

I = habit; oTsle; ou = out; STj IQ = feud; 

dttne; Cliin; go; n - sing; tfhip; Oiin; this. 



l:; A SEKVK'K DKTIOXARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; er; full; rQle; but; burn; a = final; 

disposal. Disposition (n. /.): dls*p6"zrsr>-.yen / . at the 
disposal of. A la disposition de: a la dls*p3"zl"sr^yen' da. 

dispose, r. 1. Disposer: dls"po""z5'. 2. Arranger: or^^ran"- 
56'. to dispose of. Se debarrasser de: ss de^bar'^ras'se'' da. 
disposition, n. 1. Disposition (/.): dls'po'zrsr^yen'. 2. 
Disposltlf (77?.): dls'pO'zrtlf. detailed dispositions. Dis- 
positions de detail: dls'pS'zI'sr^yen' da dC'tol'. 

dispute. I. . 1. Dispute (/.): dls"put'. 2. Debat (m.): 
d6*ba'. II. v. Dlsputer: dls'pii'te'. to dispute every inch 
of ground. Dlsputer chaque pouce de terrain: dla'pii'te/ sliak 
pus da tar*^.ran'. 

distance, n. 1. Distance (/.) : dis"tan'^s8. 2. Eloignement 
(m.) : erwa'^nys-mdn'. a long distance. Une grande distance: 
un gran'_da dls'tah'^sa. hearing d., speaking d. A portee 
de la volx: a per*t6' da la vwa. regulation d. Distance regle- 
mentalre (/.): dls"tan'^sa rg'^gla-man'tar'. short d. Peu de 
distance: pu da dis"tari"^sa. to be at a d. Etre a distance: &'^ 
tra a dls'tah'^ss. to come within striking d. En venir a por- 
tee de: an va-ulr' a per*te' da to increase the d. Augmenter la 
distance: 6g*man"te' la dis'tan'^sa. to keep the enemy at 
a d. Tenlr 1'ennemi a distance: ta-nlr' len'^na-ml' a dls"tan'^,sa. 

distillery. Distillerie (71. /.): dis"tir^la-n'. Abbrcv. Distie. 

distinctively, adv. Distinctivement: d!s"tank"tl''^.va-mdh / . 

distinguish, v. Distinguer: dis"t an" ge'. distinguished, 
a. Distingue (m.) : distinguee (/.) : dls'tan'gg'. 

distress, n. 1. D6tresse (/.): de"tres'^sd. 2. Douleur (/.): 
dQ'lur'. 

distribute, r. Distribuer: dls^trrbu'e'. distribution. Dis- 
tribution (n./.): (lTs"trrbii"sr^yen'. distribution of Ore. Dis- 
persion du ttr: dls"par"sryen' dii tlr. d. of the garrison. Re- 
partition de la garnison: re*par*tl*sl"yen' da la gar"nl"zen'. 

district. I. a. Cantonal (m.) ; cantonale (/.) : kan"ten"al'. 
On maps Cantal. II. n. Canton (m.): kan"teh'. .On maps 
Cant. 

distrust, v. Se mfier de: sa me"fi"^ye' da. 

ditch. Foss6 (n. m.): fes"^,se'. Abbrev. Fse. broad 
ditches. Largos fosses: lar'^sa fes*^se'. crossed by d. 
Traversi"' i>;ir fosses: tra'var'se' par fes'^sfi'. 

dive, v. 1. Piquer: pi"kr-' (aeronautical term). 2. Plonger: 
plen*s6 (aeronautical term). 

divide, r. Diviser: dl"vi"ze'. division. Division (n. /.): 
drvrzl'^yen'. a division is formed of brigades. Une 
division est formee de brigades: tin dl'vrzl'^yen' e fei^me' da 



dixie. Gamelle de campement (/.): ga"mel's^la da kan^pa- 
mfin' (a two*handled cookiwpot: soldiers' slnmj). 

do, v. Faire: far. 

dock. Bassin (71. m.): bas"^san'. dry dock. 1. Bassin 
d'fchouage: b(is*^.sah' de"sliQ"a3'. 2. Hnssin de radoub: 
bas*^.san' da ra'dQb'. d.=master. Directeur cles bassins (n. m.) : 
dl"rek"tur' dC bas'^san'. floating d. Bassin a flot: bas'^xin 
a f!5. docker. Ouvrler du port (. m.): Q'vrt'^yg' du por. 

dockyard. L'arsenal maritime (n.): lar*sa-nfir ma*rt"tlm'. 

doctor. M6decin (n. m.): me" ^da-san'. fetch the doctor. 
Chcrchcz le medecin: sliar*sTie' la m6"^da-san'. send for the 
d. Envoyez chercher le medecin: aiVvwa'^ye' sliar"sin' I.. 



document. Document (n. m.): de"ku"maii / . forged docu- 
ment. Faux en ecriture (n. m.) : fO an C'krrtiir'. 

dog. Chien (n. m.): slil'v^yah'. 

done, pa. A Fait (m.): fe; faite (/.): fot. 

donkey. Ane (n. m.): d'^na. donkey engine. Pompe 
alimentalre (n. /.) : pen'^pa o'lrman'tar 7 . ___ 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iQ feud; 

diine; cTlin; go; n = sing; fliip; fhin; this. 



dugout A SERVICE DICTIONARY 44 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

don't you think so? 1. N'est ce pas? ne_sa pd. 2. N'estnl 
pas vrai? n6 til pa vre. 

door. Porte (n. /.): per'v_ta. at death's door. Aux 
portes du tombeau: 6 per^ta du ten"bo'. front d. Porte 
d'entree: per^ta dan'tre'. next d. 1. A cote: a kO"te'. 2. 
Porte a porte: pert^a per'^ta. indoors, adv. 1. A la maison: 
a la me'zeh'. 2. Chez sol: slie swa. out of doors. 1. Hors 
de la maison: her da la me"zen'. 2. Dehors: dasher'. 

doss. Sommeil (n. m.): sem"^me',_,ya (sleep: soldiers' slang). 

double. Double (n. m.): dii'^bla. double time. Pas de 
charge: pa da sliars'^a. to march at the double. Marcher 
au pas redouble: mar*slie' o pa ra-du'ble'. 

doubt. Doute (n. m.): dut'^a. 

down, adv. En has: an bd. get down! Descendez! 
de"san"de'. downcast, a. Abattu (m.); abattue (/.): a"bat"^ 
tii'. downhill. En descendant: an de"san"dan'. down 
stream, down the stream. En aval: an^a'val'. lower 
down the stream. Plus bas en aval: plii ba an^,a"vaT. 

down. Dune (n. /.): dii'^na (grassy hill). 

downward, adv. Vers le bas: var la ba. 

dozen. Douzaine (n. f.) : du"zen'^a. 

draft, n. 1. Conscription (/.) : kefi"skrip"sl"yen' (the choosing 
by lot of men for army service). 2. Detachement (m.): de'tasTi"- 
man' (a group or body of men). 3. Plan (m.): plan (a sketch, 
drawing). 4. Courant d'air (?.): ku'ran' dar (current of air). 
5. Mandat (in.) : man"dd' (check). 

draft, v. Rediger: re"dl"5e' (to draw up, as a report). 

drag, dragsshoe. Sabot (n. m.): sa"b6'. 

dragoon. Dragon (n. m.) : dra"gefi'. 

drain. I. n. 1. Rigole (/.): ri"gol'>_,8 (culvert). 2. Tranch^e 
(/.) : tran'slie'. II. v. Assecher: as*^se"slie'. drainage. Ecou- 
lement (n. m.): e"ku"^la-man'. 

draper. Marchand de drap (n. m.): mar^slidn' da drd. 

draw, v. 1. Tirer: ti"re' (in general sense). 2. Dessiner: 
des"^srne' (with a pencil). 3. Porter: per'te' (of sails). to 
d. near. S'approcher de: sap"^pro"slie' da. to d. the en- 
emy's attention. Attlrer r attention de 1'ennemi: at"-_trre' 
lqt"^,tan"sl"yen' da len'na-ml'. to d. up. Dresser (v.): dres*^ 
se' (as articles of agreement, etc.). to d. up a plan of defense. 
Etablir un plan de defense: e"tab"llr' an plan da de'fans'. 

drawback, n. 1. Remise (/.): ra-mlz' (delay). 2. Desavantage (m.): 
de'za"vaii"ta3 / . 

drawbridge, n. 1. Levls (m.) : la-vl'. Abbrev. Lev. 2. PonWevis 
(m.): pen la-v!'. 3. Pont a bascule: pen a bas'kiil'. 

drawers. Calegon (n. m.): ka"la-sen'. 

drawn, a. Egal (m.): egale (/.): e"gal'. drawn battle. Ba- 
taille indeclse: ba"tai'^ya aii'de'slz'. d. game. Partle nulle 
(n. /.) : par"tl' nul. 

dread. I. n. 1. Crainte (/.): kran^ta. 2. Effroi (m.): 
ef'^frwa'. II. v. 1. Craindre: kran'^.dra. 2. Redouter:^ra-du"te'. 

dreadful, a. 1. Terrible (m. & /.) ter"ri'bla. 2. Epouvan- 
table (m. &/.): e'pu'van'tab'^la. 

dreadnought. Cuirasse (n. m.): kwlr"as"v^se'. The English 
word has, however, been taken over by the French, and is pro- 
nounced dred'nat'. See Larousse Mensuel, 1911-13, p. 181. 

dredge. I. n. Drague (/.): drdg's^a. II. v. Draguer: 
dra"ge'. dredger. Drague (n. f.) : drag'^a. 

dress. 1. Tenue (n. f.) : ta"nii'. 2. Alignement: a"H"^nya- 
mon'. in full dress. En grande tenue: an grand ta-nii'. in 
service d. En tenue de campagne: an ta-nii' da kaiTpa'^nya. 

dress, v. 1. Habiller: a"bl"ye' (of clothing). 2. Panser: 
pan"s6' (of a wound). please dress my wound. Pansez ma 
blessure, s'll vous plait: pan'se' ma bles'^svir', sll vu p!6. to d. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil^ ifi = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; rj = sing; sllip; thin; this. 



45 A SERVICE DICTIONARY dugout 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pry; hit; police; 

obey; gd; net; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; 3 = final; 
a wound. Faire un pansement: far an pan'sa^mon'. right, 
dress! See under RIGHT. 

dressing, n. 1. Alignement d'unc troupe: a"ll"v_nya-mdn' dun 
trup (of military ranks). 2. Pansement (m.): pan"sa^man' (of 
wounds). 3. Apparell (TO.): ap_pa*re'ya (of wounds). 4. Toi- 
lette (/.): t\va"let' (toilet). field stressing, n. Pansement de 
campagne: pan'^.sa-mah' da kah'pa'^nya. 

dressing sstation, n. Poste de secours, de pansementr post da 
sa^kQr'. da pan'^sa-man'. advanced dressing =s tat Ion. Am- 
bulance divislonnaire: an'bu'lans' dl'vIs'^yeh'^nSr'. 

drift, n. Derive (/.): de"rlv'. drift, i<. Deraper: de"ra"pe' 
(of aeroplanes in the air). 

drill. I. n. Exercice (TO.): eg"zar"sis'. II. v. Exercer: 
eg'zar*se'; falre 1'exercice: far leg"zar"sls'. In drill order. En 
tenue d'exerclce: an ta-nii' deg'zafsls'. physical d. Exercice 
d'a&soupllssement: eg*zar"sls' da8*^su"plls''^8a^man' (setting* 
up exercises). to put through d. Faire falre 1'exercice: far 
far eg*zar*sls'. 

drink, v. Boire: bwar. is there time for a drink? Y-a- 
t'il le temps a boire quelque chose?: I a-tll la tan a bwar kel'ka 
sh5z. let us d. a glass of wine. Buvons un verre de vin: 
bii'venz'^an var da van. please give me a d. Donnezmoi a 
boire, s'll vous plait: deh'ne' mwa a bwar, sll vu pie. some- 
thing to d. Quelque chose a boire: kel'ka sluSz a bwcir. Some- 
times contracted to d boire. 

drinking-water. Eau potable (n. m.}: 6 p6"ta'bla. 

drive, v. 1. Chasser: slias"se'. 2. Conauire: ken"dw!r'. 
to drive off or out. Chasser hors de : s"has"_se'herda; renvoyer: 
ran'vwa'ye'. to d. back. Repousser (p.): re-pus" ^se'. 

driven by. Actionn6 par: a.k"sl"^yen"^ne' par. 

driver, n. 1. Canonnier*conducteur (TO.): ka"nen*x_,nye' 
ken'duk'tur'. Sometimes contracted to conducteur. 2. Chauf- 
feur (m.): sliO'fur'. 3. Pilote (m.): pri6t'. 4. Mecanlcien 
(m.) : m6*ka*nrsran'. 

driviiig^bund, n. Ceinture (n. /.): san"tur'. 

drop. I. n. 1. Goutte (/.): gut'v_a. 2. Chute (/.): sliut'^a 
(fall). II. P. 1. Jeter: ja-te' (throw down, as a bomb). 2. 
Lalsser tomber: Ifis'sg' teh'be' (let fall). 3. Tomber: teh"be' (fall). 

drug. Drogue (n. /.): drog'^a. druggist, n. 1. Pharmacien 
(m.): far*ma'sr^yan'. 2. Droguiste (m.): dro'glst'. where is 
the druggist's? Ou est le pharmacien? a 6 la far'ma'sr^yan'. 

drum. I. n. 1. Tambour (TO.): tah*bur' (musical instru- 
ment). 2. Tympan (m.): tan'pan' (of the ear). II. p. 1. Faire 
le tambour: far la tari'bur'. 2. Battre le tambour: bat'^tra la 
tan'bflr'. drum>major. Tambour-major (n. TO.): tah'bur' 
ma'ser'. drumstick. Baguette de tambour (/.): ba'get'^ta 
da tan'bQr 7 . drummer. Tambour (. //;.): tah'bur'. 

drunk, a. Ivre: I'^-vra. drunk off duty. Ivre en dehors 
du service: I'^vra ah de'her 7 dii sar*vls'. d. on duty. Ivre au 
service: I'^vra 5 sar*vls'. drunkard. Ivrogne (. m.) : rvren'^ 
ya. drunkenness. Ivresse (n. /.) : I'vres'. 

dry, a. Sec (TO.): sek; sdche (/.): sesh. [leather straps, etc.). 

dubhing. Cirage gras (n. TO.) : sl"rd3'a gra (grease for shoes, 

duck 1 , I. n. Plongeon (TO.): pleh*3en'. II. p. 1. Plonger: 
pleh'sS'. 2. Faire le plongeon: far la plen'soh'. 

duck2. Canard (n. TO.): ka"nar' (bird). 

duct. Conduite (n. /.): kori"dwit' (canal, pipe, tube). 

dud, dud, n. [Soldiers' slang.] A defective and unexploded 
enemy shell. 

dugout, n. 1. Abri de repos (m.): a"brl' da ra-po'. 2. 
Chambre de repos (/.): sliah'bra da ra-p6'. Called also rest 
dugout. 3. Casemate-abri: kaz'mdt' a'brl'. deep dugout. 
Abrlcaverne: q'brr ka'varn'. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; eiT; iu = feud; 
dune; cliin; go; rj = sing; sllip; fliitr. this. 



elsewhere A SERVICE DICTIONARY if. 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pr6y; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

dumpy, a. Trapu (m.), trapue (/.): tra"pii'. 

dung, n. 1. Fumier (m.) : fii"mI" N- ,y6' (manure'). 2. Crottin 
(m.); kreftafi' (of horses). 3. Fiento (/.): fTyont' (of cattle). 
duugipit. Fosse & fumler (n. /.): fos a fu'mr^yC'. 

duration. Dure (n. /.) : dii"re'. 

during, prep. Pendant: parTdan'. during the journey, or 
transit. Pendant le voyage, ou trajet: pan'dan' la vwa'ya'^sa, 
Q tra'se'. 

dusk, n. 1. Brune (/.) : brun. 2. Crepuscule (m.) : kre"pus"- 
kul'. at dusk.^ Au crepuscule: 6 kre"pus"kiir. In the d. of 
the evening. A la brune: a la brun. dusky, a. 1. Sombre: 
son'^bra. 2. Brunatre: brii"nfi'^.tra (brownish). 

dust, n. Poussiere (/.) : pus"sl"^yar / . 

dusty, a. Poudreux (m.): pu"dru'; poudreuse (/.): pu"druz'. 

Dutch, a. Hollandais: hor'^lan"de'. a Dutchman. Un 
Hollandais: an_ol"lan"de'. 

duty, n. 1. Service (m.): sar'Vls'. 2. Devoir (m.): da- 
vwar'. fatigue duty. Corvee (n. /.): ker"ve'. his duty is 
to .... Son devoir est a . . . : son da-vwar' e a. off duty. 
En dehors du service: an da-er' dii sar'vls'. on d. De service: 
da sar'vls'. orderly d. Service de jour: sar"vls' da sQr. the 
staff officer assigned to the d. L'offlcier d'etat-major detache 
a cet effet: lef^frsr^ye' d6"ta' ma'ser' de"ta"^he' a set ef^fg'. 

dwarf, a. & n. Nain (m.): nan; naine (/.): nan. 

dwelling. Habitation (n. /.): a"bl"ta"sl",_yeh'. dwellings 
house, n. 1. Residence (/.) : re'zi* dans'. 2. Domicile (m.) : d6"ml"sll'. 

dying, a. Mourant (TO.): mu"rdh'; mourante (/.): mu"raht'. 
he is dying. II est mourant: 11^5 mu'raii'. 

dyke. Digue (n. /.) : dig. 

dynamite, n. Dynamite (/.): dl'W'mlt'. 

dysentery. Dysenterie (n. /.) : dl"san"ta-rl'. 

E 

each, a. & pron. Chaque: shak. each or each one. Chacun 
(m.): sTia''kan'; chacune (f.): sTia'kiin'. e. other. L'un 1'autre: 
Ian 15'^tra. In the pi. les uns les autres: lez^ah lez^o'^trfi. 
for e. other. L'un pour 1'autre: Ian pur 15'^tra. of e. other. 
L'un de 1'autre: laii da 16'_tra. to e. other. L'un a 1'autre: 
Ian a 15'^,tra. 

eagle. Aigle (n. TO.): e'^gla. eaglet. Aiglon (n. TO.): e"gleri'. 

ear. Oreille (n. /.): o"re'^y a. earache. Mai d'oreille: mal 
do're'^ya. e. protector, e.lap. Protege-oreilles (n. /.): 
pro'te'^33 o'rg'^ya. e.iobe. Lobe (n. m.): 10b. 

early, adv. 1. De bonne heure: dabon^nur. 2. Tot: to. he 
gets up or rises early. II se leve de bonne heure: II sa ISv da 
bOn^nur. I must get up or rise early tosmorrow. II faut. 
quo je me leve de bon matin demain: II fo ka 33 ma lav da bmi 
MKi'tan' da-man'. 

earth, n. 1. Terre (/.) : tar. 2. Le monde (TO.) : mend (with the). 
earthwork, n. 1. Terrasse (/.): tar'^,ras'; terrassement (m.): 
tar"ros*^,sa-inah'. 2. pi. Travaux en terre: tra"v5' an tar. to 
throw up earthworks. Elever des ouvrages de terre: 6*la-v6' 
des^Q"vra'^3a da tar. 

ease, n. Repos (TO.): ra-po'; aise (/.): es. at ease. A 
volonte: a vel'en'tg'. ease her. Doucement: dQ'sa-man'. 

easily, adv. Facilement: fa"sll"^la-mdn'. 

east, the. L'est (n. TO.): lost; 1'orient: leVT^yan'. east- 
ward, adv. Vers Test; var lest; vers 1'orlent: var lerT^yfin'. 

Easter, n. Paquss (TO.): pa'^ka. 

easy, o. Facil (TO. &/.): fa"su"; doux (TO.): du; douce (/.): dus. 

eat, v. Manger: mah"3e'. give me something to eat. 
Donnez*moi quelciue chose a manger: den"n6' mwa kel'ka slios 
a man'36'. let us eat. Mangeons: man'gen'. 

1 = habit; aisle; au *= out; eil; iu = feud; 
dttne; cTlin; go; = sing; Ship; thin; this. 



47 A SERVICE DICTIONARY elsewhere 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prfiy; hit; police; 
obey; gfl; net; 6r; full; rule; but; bffrn; 8 = final; 

eatin&'bouse. Restaurant (n. m.): re6"to"ran'. eatiug* 
house keeper. Restaurateur (n. m.): re8"te"ra"tOr / . 

ecchymosis. Eochymose (n. /.): e'kTmoV (discoloration, as 
from a blow). 

economy. Economie (n. /.): g"ken*o*ml'. interior econ- 
omy. Service Interieur: saf'vls' an"t6*rt"^yOr'. 

eczema, n. Dartre (/.) : <:lar'v_trd (eruption of the skin) ; eczema 
(m.): ek*z6"ma'. 

eddy, n. 1. Contrecourant (m.): ken"^tra-ku"ran' (of water). 
2. Tourbillon (m.): tur"br^,yen' (of icind). 

edge, n. 1. Bord (m.): her (of a shore, etc.). 2. Lisiere (/.): 
II zl'^yfir 7 (of a wood or forest). edge of the wing. Bord de 
1'alle: ber da 151 (of an aeroplane}. 

education. Education (n. /.): e"du"ka"s!"x_yon'. 

eei. Anguille (n. /.) : an"gll'. 

effect. Effet (n. m.): tP^fe'. to have a healthy effect. 
Produlre un effet salutalre: pro'dwlr' an^er^fe' so'lii'tar'. to 
the same effect. A la meme intention: a la mam ah'tan'sT^ 
yen'. effective. Effectif (n. m.): ef'^fek'tlf. 

efficacious, a. Efficace: ef"^fl"kas'. 

efflcience, efficiency, n. 1. Efficacit6 (/.): ef"_fl"kas'T / tc'. 
2. Bonne condition: bOn ken'dT'sr'^yen' ("good condition": 
said of armies). 3. Reudement (m.): raiVda-man' (of jnachitury). 

efficient, a. Capable: ka"pd'^bl9. 

egg, n. (Euf (m.): uf. boiled eggs. CEufs a la coque: u a la 
k6k. fried e. (Eufs sur le plat : Osiirlapla. new laid e. CEufs 
frais: u fra. poached e. CEufs poches: po"sli6'. scrambled 
e. CEufs broullles: u brtlT^yg'. some eggs. Des ceufs: 
dOz^O. 

Egypt, I'jipt, n. Egypte (/.): e^Ipt'. Egyptian. Egyp- 
tien: g*3lp"sr^an'. 

eight, a. & n. Huit: hwit. eighth. Huitieme (a. & n. TO.): 
hwrtr_yam'. eighteen, a. & n. Dix-huit: dlz'hwlt'. 
eighteenth. Dixhuitieme (a. & n.): dlz'hwrtr^yam'. 
eightieth. Quatre-vlngtieme (a. & n.) : ka*_tr9-van"trs_yam'. 
eighty. Quatrevingts (a. & n.): ka'^tre-vun'. 

either, pron. 1. Aucun (m.): 6"kan'; aucune (/.): o"kun'. 
2. L'un ou 1'autre: Ian 16'^tra. In the plural, "the ones or the 
others": les uns ou les autres (m.): lez^an Q Ifz^S'^tra; les unes 
oulesautres(/.):lez^unQlCz^5'^tr8. 3. Chacun (m.): s'ha'kan'; 
chacune (/.): Sha'kiin'. 4. L'un d'eux (m.): lah du; 1'une d'elles 
(/.): lun del. 

ejector, n. Ejecteur (m.): e"3ek"tur' (in mechanics). 

elbow, n. Coude (m.): kud. 

electric, electrical. Electrique (a.) : e"lek"trik'. Abbreviated 
Elect. electric battery. Batterle electrique (n. /.) : bat'^ta-ri' 
e"lek*trlk'. e.bell. Sonnerie electrique (n. /.) : sen'ua-rt' 6"lek*- 
trlk' (applying to the entire apparatus). See BELL. e.*wirc. 
Fil electrique (n. m.) : m e'lek'trlk'. 

electrician. Electricien (n. m.): e"\ek"tTi"sl''^ya.n'. 

electro<magnet. Electro*aimant: e"lek"tro a"man'. 

elevation, n. 1. Hausse (/.): hos. 2. "filfivation (/.): e"le w - 
vo'sl'^yen'. point of elevation. Point de polntage (n. m.): 
p\v:m da pwan'tflj' (of an objectire or target). 

eleven, a. & n. Onze: onz. eleventh, a. & n. Onzieme: 
on" zl*^, y8m'. 

else, a. Autre: o'^tra. everybody else. Tout autre: tut 
O'tra. everything e. Tout le reste: tQ la rest. everywhere e. 
Partout ailleurs: par"tat'^.aryur'. nobody e. Aucun autre: 
6*kan'^5'tra. nothing e. Pas autre chose: paz^6'_tra sliOs. 
what e. Quo! de plus: kwa da plii. where e. Oil encore: Q 
aiVkor'. who e. (iul encore: kT an'ker'. 

elsewhere, adv. Ailleurs: ai'^ydr^. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; ifl = feud; 
diine; cTlin; go; rj = sang; sliip; Chin; this. 



SERVICE DICTIONARY 48 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

embankment, n. 1. Remblai (m.): ran"ble'. 2. Levee de 
terre: la-ve' da tar. railway e. Remblai de chemin de fer: 
ran"b!6' da She-man' da far. 

embark, r. Embarquer: ari"bar"ke'. embarkation. Em- 
barquement (n. m.) : ari"bar*^ka-rnan'. embarking. Embarque- 
ment (n. m.): an"bar* v ^ka^.man'. 

embarrass, v. 1. Gener: 3a"ne'. 2. Embarraser: an"bar"^ 
ras'^se'. 

embassy. Ambassade (n. /.): an"bas"^sdd'. 

embody, v. 1. Incorporer: an"ker"po"re'. 2. Rassembler: 
ras"^san"ble'. 

embrasure. Embrasure (n. /.) : an"bra"3ur'. 

emerge, v. Emerger: e"mar"3e'. to emerge from. Sortir 
de: ser"tlr' da. 

emergency, n. 1. Circonstance imprevue (/.): slr"ken"stans' 
an'pre'vii' (unforeseen circumstance). 2. Cas urgent: ka iir'san' 
(urgent necessity). 3. Besoin: be-zwau' (need). emergency 
rations. Vivres du sac (re. m.): vlv'ra dii sak. entrain. 
En cas mobile (n. m.) : an ka mo"bll' (of supplies, munitions, etc.). 

empennage, an"pen"nd^_3a, n. [Fr.]. Planes arranged about 
the tail of a dirigible balloon or an aeroplane to secure stability. 

emplacement, n. Emplacement (m.): an"pla"v^sa-mdn'. 

employ. I. n. 1. Emploi (m.) ; ari"plwa'. 2. Service (m.): sar- 
vls'. II. v. Employer: an"plwa"^ye'. to employ oneself. S'oc- 
cuper a ou de: sek"<_,ku"pe' a u da. employer. Personne qui em- 
ploie (/.) : par"son' kl an'plwa'; patron (m.) : pa'tren'; patronne (/.) : 
pa"tren"^.na; maitre (m.): me'^tra; maitresse (/.): ma'tres'. 
employment, n. Emploi (m.): an'plwa'. 

empower (to), v. 1. Autoriser a: e"to"ri"ze'a. 2. Charger de: 
sliar"3e' da. 

empty. I. a. Vide: vld. II. v. Vider: vf'de'. 

enable, v. 1. Rendre capable de: ron'^dra ka"pd'^-bla^da. 
2. Permettre de: par^met'^tra da. to be enabled to. Etre 
en etat de: a's_,tra an e'ta' da; avoir le moyen de: a'vwfir' la 
m\va"yan' da. 

enact, v. 1. Ordonner: er"den"^ne' (establish by act of author- 
ity). 2. Arreter: ar_rete' (issue a decree) . 

enactment. 1. Loi (n. /.): Iwa. 2. Ordonnance (n. /.): 
or"don"_nans'. 

encampment. Camp (n. m.): kan. field sbattery encamp- 
ment. Camp de batterie: kah da bat"_ta-rl'. line of e.; 
line of front; or magistral line. Front de bandiere; ligne 
magistrale: freh da bafi"dl"^yar'; H'nya ma*3ls"troT. 

enceinte, n. Enceinte (/.) : ah"sant' (the chief line of fortifi- 
cations surrounding a place). 

encircle, v. Cerner: sar"ne'. 

enclosure. Cloture (n. /.) : klo"tur'. 

encounter. I. n. 1. Rencontre (/.): ran' / ken'v_-tra. 2. Melee 
(/.): ma"le'. II. r. Rencontrer: ran'ken'tre'. to encounter 
the enemy. Engager le combat avec Tennemi: an'ga'se' la 
koh"bd' a"vek' len"v_na-ml'. 

encourage, v. Encourager: an"ku"ra"3e'. 

encumbrance. Encombrement (n. m.): an"ken"^,bra-mun'. 

end. I. n. 1. Fin (/.): fan. 2. Extremit6 (/.): eks"tre"ml"te'. 
II. r. 1. Finir: fTnlr'. 2. Terminer: tar"mlne'. initial or free 
end. Chef initial (m.): slief rni'sl'^yal' (of a bandage). ter- 
minal end. Chef terminal (m.): slief tar*mrnal' (of a bandage). 
to put an end to all resistance. Amener la cessation de toute 
resLstance: a"ma-ne' la ses"^,sa"si"^yeh' da tQt re'zls'tahs'. to 
tbis end. A cet effet: a set ef"^,f6'. 

endanger, v. 1. Mottre en danger: met'^tra an dan w 3e'. 2. 
Exposer: eks"po"z6'. 

endeavor. I. ?i. 1. Effort (m.): ef^fer'. 2. Tentative (/.): 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 

diine; Cllin; go; rj = sin^; sliip; thin; this. 



49 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; er; full; rOle; but; burn; a = final; 
tan"ta"tlv'. 11. v. 1. Tacher de: ta"slie' da. 2. S'efforcer de: 
sef"'_fer / ' r 8e'' da. to use every endeavor. Faire tous ses efforts 
pour: far tQ sez^ef^fer' pur. 

enemy. Ennemi (n. m.): en"s_,na-ml'. 

energy, Energie (n. /.) : e^'nar^I'. 

enfilade. I. n. Enfilade (/.) : an'fTlad'^a. II. v. 1. Prendre 
en enfilade: praii'^dra an ah"fl"lad'_a. 2. Ennler: aiVfTle'. 

enforce, v. Faire executer: far eg"ze"kii"te'. 

engage, v. Engager: an"ga"3e'. to be engaged with the 
enemy. Etre aux prises avec 1'ennemi: S'^tra 6 priz a'vek' len*_ 
na-ml'. 

engagement, n. 1. Engagement (m.): an"ga"3a-mdn'. 2. 
Action (/.): ak'sl'^yen'. 3. Affaire (/.): af'^far 7 . 4. Combat 
(TO.) : ken'ba'. 

engine, n. 1. Locomotive (/.): Io"k5"m6"tr^v9 (steam). 2. 
Moteur (m.): mo'tur 7 (automobile). 3. Machine (/.): ma"sTiIn'^a. 
engine-room, n. 1. Chambre des machines: shciii'^bra de 
ma*sliln'_a. 2. Depot des machines: de'po' de ma"shin'^a. 
e. trouble. Panne de moteur: pdn'^na da m6"tur'. steam e. 
Machine a vapeur: ma*shln'^.a va'pur 7 . start the e. Mettez 
la machine en marche: mefte' la ma"sliln' an marsli. 

engineer, n. Soldat du g6nie: serdd' du 3e"m'. engineer 
corps. Corps du genie (m.): ker du ge'nl'. e. field troops. 
Detachement du genie monte: de"tagh*_a-man' dii 3e"nl' men"te'. 
engineers. Genies (n. m. pi.) : se'nl'. Royal Engineers' Field 
Signal Companies. Service de Telegraphic Militaire: sar"vls' da 
te"le*gra*n' ml"ll"tar'. 

England, n. Angleterre (/.): an"^gla-tar'. English, a. 
Anglais (m.): an'gle'; Anglaise (/.): an"glez'. English Channel. 
La Manche (n. /.) : la mangh. do you speak English? Parlez* 
vous anglais: par'le' vuz^,an*gle'. Is there anyone here who 
speaks English? Y a-t-il quelqu'un lei qui parle anglais? I'ya"- 
tll' kel'kan' Tsl' kl part an'glg'. 

enlist, v. 1. S'enroler: san w r6"le'. 2. S'engager: san"ga"3e'. 
enlistment, n. 1. Enrolement (m.): an'ro'^la-man'. 2. En- 
gagement (TW.): an*ga*^3a-man'. 

enormous, a. Enorme (m. & /.) : e"nerm'. 

enough, adv. Assez: as'^se'. [dra*p5' (the colors). 

ensign, n. 1. Enseigne (/.): an"se\_,nya. 2. Drapeau (m.): 

ensure. See INSURE. 

entanglements (wire). Reseaux de fil de fer (TO.): re"z5' da 
ni da far (barbed noire barriers). 

entente. Entente (n. /.): an"tant' (an informal understanding, 
as that between Great Britain, France, and Russia). entente 
cordiale, ah'tdht' ker*dral' (a cordial understanding). 

enter, v. 1. Entrer: ah"tre' (go into). 2. Inscrire : an"skrlr' (post 
in a book). 

enterprise, n. 1. Entreprise (/.): an^tra-priz' (undertaking). 
2. Hardlesse (/.) : har*dles' (courage) . enterprising, a. Entre- 
prenant (m.): an'^tra-pra-nah'; entreprenante (/".): an'^tra- 
pra-nant'. 

entire, a. Tout (TO.): tu; toute (/.): tut. 

entrain, v. Embarquer: an"bar > 'ke'. entraining station. 
Gare d'embarquement: gar dan*bar*^ka-man'. entralnment. 
Embarquement (n. m.): an"bar / "^.ka-mdn'. place of entraln- 
ment. Lieu d'embarquoment : H'yO' dan"bar*^ka-man'. 

entrance. Entree (n. /.) : an"tre'. [pran'^dra an pl'es'. 

entrap, v. 1. Attraper: af^tra'pe'. 2. Prendre en piege: 

entrench, v. Retrancher: ra-tran"sTie'. See INTRENCH. 
entrenchlngstool. Pellebeche (n. /.): pel'^la bSsli'^a (spade* 
like implement used for digging). entrenchment. Retranchement 
(n. m.): ra-tran'^slia-mah'. parts of an entrenchment. 
Elements d'un retranchement: e'le^man' dan ra-tran'^sTia-mon'. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; elf; 1Q = fewd; 

diine; cliin; go; rj = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



explode 1 " 8 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 50 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; gft; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; 9 -= final; 

entreating, a. Suppliant (m.): sup"^pll"cua'; suppliante (/.): 
8Up*-_pH"dnt'. 

entrust, v. Confier: ken'fT^yS'. 

envelop. I. n. Enveloppe (/.): an"^V8-lep'. II. v. Entourer: 
an"tu"r5'. envelopment. Enveloppement (n. m.) : an'^ve-lep"^, 
pa-man'. [vryfiz'. 

envious, a. Envieux (m.): a^'vi^yu'; envieuae (/.): cm"- 

epaulette. fipaulette (n. /.): e"po"let'. 

epaulement. Epaulement (n. m.): e"pol"^9-man' (a parapet 
or screen of earth in fortifications). rifle epaulement. Em- 

, placement de tir: an*pla"^,8a-man' do tlr. 

Epernay, g"par"ne', n. Town in northern France. 

Epsom salts. Sel Anglais (m.): sel ah"gle'. 

equal, a. Egal (m.); egale (/.): e"gal'. 

equip, v. fiquiper: e"ki"pe'. equipment, 7;.. 1. (m.) 
Equipement: e"k!p"man'. 2. Accoutrements (n. vl.} : ak"^ka*,_ 
tra-man' (a soldier's arms, furnishings, etc.). 3. Materiel (m.): 
ma"te"rr^yel'; as; veterinary equipment. See VETERINARY. to 
remove the equipment. Enlever 1'equipemeut: ah"^la-ve' 
ie"klp"mah'. 

equipped, pa. Equipe (TO.); equlpee (/.): e'kl'pe'. lightly 
equipped. Equipe a la legere: 6"k!"pe' a la le" 3 ar'. 

erect. I. a. 1. Droit (m.): drwa; droite (/.): drwat. 2. 
Haut(w.): hQ; haute (/.): hot. II. P. Eriger: e"r!"3c'. to stand 
erect. Se tenir debout: sa ta-nlr 7 da-bu'. 

errand, n. 1. Commission (/.) : kem">_,mls"^s!"^yen'. 2. 
Message (m.): nies'^sas'. 

error, n. 1. Erreur (/.): er"^rur'. 2. Faute (/.): fot. error 
in direction. Ecart en direction (m.): e'kar' an drrek'sl*^ 
yen'. [aeroplanes) . 

escadrille. Escadrille (n. /.): es"ka"dri'^,ya (a sawidron of 

escape, v. 1. S'6chapper: se"sTiap"^-pe'. 2. S'enfuir: sah"- 
fwr'. any one attempting to e. will be flred on. Toute per- 
sonne qui tentera de s'echapper sera fusillee: tut par"son'v_,na kl 
tan*^_ta-ra' da sg"ghap*_pe' sa^ra' fu'zr^yS'. to escape ob- 
servation. Passer inapercu: pas"se' In"a"par ff sii'. 

escarpment. Escarpement (n. m.): es"kar^^.p8-mdh'. 

escort. I. n. Escorte (/.) : es"kert'. II. v. Escorter: e3 w ker"te'. 
escort of prisoners. Escorte des prisonniers: es"kert' d5 prl"- 
zen"^ny6'. to provide an e. Fournir une escorte: fdr'nir' 
iin es'kert'. under e. 8ous escorte: suz^es'kert'. 

espionage. Espionnage (n. m.): es"pl"on"x_,na3'. 

establishment. Etablissement (n. m.): e"tab // lls"^sa-mah'. 
On maps, fitabnt. disciplinary establishment (military). 
Penitencier militaire: pe"nl"tah"sl*^ye' mrirtar'. 

estaminet, es"ta"mT"ne', n. m. (A French saloon or wine*shop.) 

estuary. Estuaire (n. m.) : es"tu"ar'. 

ether. Ether (n. m.): e"tar'. 

evacuate, v. fivacuer: e"va"ku"e'. evacuation. Evacuation 
(n. /.): 5"va"ku"a"sr^,yon'. evacuation order. P'euille d'eviicu- 
ation: fu"I'_ya de"va'ku"a"sr_yon'. [(m.): 6'va'slV. 

evasive, a. 1. Fuyant (m.): fwl'^yan' (fleeting). 2. fivasif 

even. I. a. 1. Egal (m.); gale (/.): e"gal' (equal, similar'). 2. 
Pair (m.); paire (/.): par (of number). 3. Unl (m.); unie (/.): 
vi"nl' (smooth). II. adv. Meme: mam. 

evening. Soir Cn. m.) : swdi . this evening. Ce soir: sa swdr. 

event, n. 1. fivenement (m.): e'Ve^na-mah' (occurrence). 
2. Cas (m.): ka (case). In the event. En cas de: on kd da. 
In the latter e. Dans ce dernier cas: dan sa dar"nl"^y6' ka. 
in such.au e. En pareil cas: an pa"r6'^I' kfl. 

eventualfty. Ey/mtualite (n. /.): e H vah"i\\ H a\"\"W. 

I =*/I : ;aisle; au = out; oil; iO = ieud; 

<liirio; ; j-lii: - ij = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 




/ 



,->! A SERVICE DICTIONARY ent elpiode 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; 6r; full; rflle; but; burn; a = final; 

ever, adv. 1. Toujours: tQ*3Ur'. 2. Jamais: 3a"ma'. 

every, a. 1. Tout (m.) : tQ ; toute (/.) : tQt. 2. Chaque (m. & /.) : 
s"hak. everything. Tout (n. TO.): tQ. everywhere, adv. 
Partout: par*tu'. 

exception. Exception (n. /.): ek / *sep"si"s_yen'. 

evidence. Temoignage (n. m.): te"mwan"ya3'. e. for the 
defense (or for the prisoner). Temoin a decharge (m.): tS"- 
mwan' a de'jfhars'. e. for the prosecution (or against the 
prisoner). Temoin a charge: te'mwan' a shars. to give evi- 
dence. Faire une deposition: far iin de'po'zl'sr^yen'. 

evident, a. Evident (m.): e"v!*dan'; 6vidente (/.): e'vTdant'. 

examine, r. Examiner: eg // za"ml"ne'. examination, .. 
1. Examen (?/?.): eg*za"man'. 2. Interrogatoire (m.): an*tar*_ 
re'ga'twor'. examination of supplies. Examen des marches: 
ee'za'man' de" mor'sTig'. entrance e. Examen d'entree: eg"- 
za'maii' dan'tre'. 

example. Exemple (n. m.): eg'zdn'^.pla. for example. 
Par exemple: par eg'zan'^pla. 

excavate. 1. Creuser: kru"ze' (dig). 2. Deblayer: de"bla"^ 
yc' (char aicay). excavated. En deblal: an de'bla'. excava- 
tor. Excavateur (n. TO.): eks'ka'va'tur' (trench diggino machine}. 

excellent, a. 1. Excellent (m.): ek'sel'v^lon' ; excellente (/.): 
ek'sel'^lant'. 2. Parfait (m.): par"fa'; parfaite (/.): parTfit'. 

exchange, r. Echanger: e"sTian"3e'. exchange of prisoners. 
Echange de prlsonniers: e*slian'^3a da prl'zen'-^nye'. 

execute, r. Ex6cuter: eg"ze"ku"te'. 

executive. I. a. Ex^cutif (m.): eg /r ze"ku"tif / ; executive (/.): 
eg'ze'kii'tlv'. II. (n. /.). Commandement: kom'^man'^da- 
mdn' (directing authority). general functions of the execu- 
tive. Fonctlons generates du commandement: fenk'sr^yen' 
36*ne*ral' dii kom'^.man"'^,da-mah'. 

exercise, v. Exercer: eg"zar /r se'. 

exhaust. I. r. Epuiser: e"pwT"ze'. II. n. m. ^chappement: 
e'shap*^, pa-man'. exhaust box. Pot d'echappement (m.): 
po de*Shap*^pa-mfin'. exhaust valve. Soupape d'echappe- 
ment (/.): su*pap'^,a de*shap*^pa-man'. 

exhaustion. Epuisement (m.): e'pwr^za-man'. 

exigencies of the situation. Exigences de la situation: eg"- 
zl'sahs 7 da la sI'tQ'a'sI'^yen'. 

exit, n. 1. Sortie (/.) : ser"tl'. 2. Debouche (m.) : de"bu*^he'. 

expedition. Expedition (n. /.): eks"pe*dl"si"yen'. oversea 
expedition. Expedition outre-mer: eka'pe'dl'sl'^yen' Q'^.tra 
mar. 

expel, r. Chasser: shas*v_se'. 

expend, r. Ddpenser: de"pan"se'. expenditure. 1. Defense 
(n. /.): de*pafi'^sa. 2. Consommation (n. /.): ken'8em*_ma*- 
sr^yon'. 

expense. D^pense (n. /.): de'pan'^sa. at the expense of. 
1. Au detriment de: dg'trl'man' da. 2. Au frais de: 6 Ire da. 
traveling expenses. Frais de route: fra da rut. 

experience. Experience (n. /.): eks*pe"rran'^.sc>. experi- 
enced, a. Experimente (TO.) ; experimentee (/.) : eks' pe'rl'mah'te'. 

experiment. I. . /. Exp6rience: eks"pe"rI"yan'^S6. II. r. 
KMH'riiiieiiter: eks*p*rl*mah*te'. experimental, a. Experi- 
mental (m.); experimentale (/.): eks*pe*rt*man'tdr. experi- 
mental officer. L'offlcier charge des experiences: lof* ^fl'sT^ye' 
shufzG' dgz^eks'pe'rt'an'^sa (in artillery school). experi- 
mentally, adv. A titre d'essai: a tl'^tra des*^,sa'. 

explain, v. Expliquer: eks*pirke'. 

explode, r. fidater: e"kla"te'. explosion. ,Exglosion (n.f.): 
eks'plO'zI'^yeih'. premature explosion. EclTOte^i- i 
ture: ykla'^ta-mon' pre'ma'tu'rg'. 

i = habit; oi le; ou -= out; 

dtine; Chin; go; 13 = *\nu . s 




fear ** A SERVICE DICTIONARY 52 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
eka'plO'zIf; explosive (/.): eks"plo"ziv'. high explosive. Ex^ 
plosif brisant: eks"pl5"zTf' brl"zari'. 

explore, v. Explorer: eks"plp"re'. 

expose, v. 1. De'cpuvrir: de"ku"vrlr' (uncover). 2. Exposer: 
eks"po"z6'. 3. Demasquer: de"mas*k6' (unmask). expose the 
enemy's plans. Devoiler les dispositions de 1'ennemi: de'vwa*- 
le' le dls"po"zl"sl"-_yen' da len"na-mT. exposed places. Es- 
paces decouverts: es"pas'^a de"ku"var'. to be exposed to 
heavy losses. Etre expose a des grosses pertes: a'^tra eks'po"- 
se' a de gros'^sa part. 

express, a. Expre*s (m.): eks"pra'; express (/.): eks"pres'^sa. 

express train. Train de grande vitesse: tran da grdn'x_da 
vrtes'^sa. 

expression. Expression (n. /.) : eks"pres"^si"_yen'. 

expulsion. Expulsion (n. /.): eks"pursf"s_,yen'. 

extemporize, v. Improviser: an"pro"vi"ze'. 

extend, v. 1. Etendre: e"tan'_dra. 2. Allonger: aFlen^e'. 
in extended formation. En formation deployee: iin fer'naa*- 
sl'yen' de'plwa'^ye'. extension of leave. Prolongation de 
conge: pro"len"ga"sr^,yen' da ken*3e'. extensive, a. Etendu 
(m.) ; etendue (/.) : e"tan"du'. 

extent. Etendue (n. /.): e"tan"du'. possible extent of 
front. Front possible a y deployer: fren pes'^si'^bla a I de*- 
plwa"_ye'. a wide e. Une large etendue: iin lurz e'tan'du'. 
to the fullest e. A fond: a fen. 

extra, adv. 1. En sus: an stis. 2. De plus: da plii. 

extract, v. Tirer: ti"re'. extractor, n. 1. Tire=cartouche 
(m.): tlr'kar'tusli'. 2. Extracteur (n. m.): eks*trak"tur'. 

extraordinary, a. Extraordinaire (m. & /.) : ek"stra"er"dl"- 
nSr'. 

extreme. I. a. Extreme (m. & /.): ek"stram'_a. II. n. f. 
Extremite: ek"stra"mrt6'. 

extricate, v. 1. D6gager: de"ga"3e'. 2. Retirer: ra-trre'. 
to extricate oneself from. Se tirer de: sa tl're' da. 

eye. CEil (n. TO.): u"^l'; yeux (pi): yu. eyebrow. Sourcil 
(n. m.) : sur'sl'. eyelet. CEillet (n. m.) : u'ye'. eyelid. Pau- 
plere (./.): po"pl"^yar'. eyes front! Fixe! flks. eye-wit- 
ness, n. See under WITNESS. 



face, I. n. 1. Visage (m.) : visas'. 2. Face(/.): fas. II. v. 

Faire face: far las. face about! Volte face! v51t fas. 

facing away. A dos tournez: a d5 tur'ne'. facing in any 

direction. Faire face en aucune direction: far fas an^,6"kun' 

dl"rek"sr^,yen'. 
fact. Fait (n. m.) : fa. 

factor, n. 1. Agent (m.): a"3dn'. 2. Facteur (m.): fak"tur'. 
factory. Fabrique (n. /.) : fa"brik'. Abbreviated Fab 1 '. 
fag, fag, n. [Slang Eng.] A cigarette. 
fagot. Fagot (n. m.): fa"go'. 
fail, v. 1. Echouer: e"sTiu"e'. 2. Manquer: man"ke'. 

failure, n. 1. Echec (m.): e'sliek'. 2. Manquement (m.): 

marT^ka-man'. 
faint. Evanouir (.): e'WWlr'. fainting. Evanouisse- 

ment (n. m.): e"va"nu*Is"^sa^man'. 
fair. I. n. Blond (m.): blen. II. a. Blond (m.): blen; 

blonde (/.) : blSnd. [under ACCOUNT. 

fairy. F6e (n. /.): fe. fairy story. See FANCY ACCOUNT 
fairway, n. Canal navigable (m.): ka"ndl' na"vi"gd'^-bl9. 
faith. Foi (n. /.): fwa. bad faith. Mauvaiae foi (n. /.): 
I = habit: aisle; au = out; oil; ifl = feud; 
diino; <5hin; go; n = sin^; iihip; fhin; Uiis. 



53 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; er; full; rOle; but; burn; a = final; 

mo'vez' fwa. good faitli. Bonne foi: bon'^na fwa. faithful, 

a. Fiddle (m. or /.) : fTdel'. 
fall, I. n. 1. Chute (/.) : sMt (as of an aeroplane) . 2. Eboule- 

ment (m.): e"bu"^.la-man' (a landslide). 3. Baisse (/.): bas (of 

prices). II. p. 1. Tomber: teii'be'. 2. Balsser: bSs'^sfi'. 3. 

Dimmuer: dl'mrnu'e'. fall in! 1. Rangezvous! ran*36' vu. 

2. A vos rangs! a v6 ran. f. out! 1. Rompcz les rangs! reh'pg' 

leran. 2. Sortez des rangs: 8er"t' de ran. to fall back upon. 

1. Se repller sur: sa ra_pH"e' siir. 2. Se retirer: sa ra^trre'. 

to f. In. Se ranger: sa ran"36'; s'aligner: so'ir^nye'.- to f. into. 

1. Tomber dans: ten'be' dan. 2. Tomber dedans: ten'be' da-dan'. 

to f. on, upon. Tomber dessus: ten'be' da-sii'. 
fallow. En friche (n. m.) : an frlsli (of land) . 
false, a. 1. Faux (m.): fo; fausse (/.): fos. 2. Fourbe: furb 

(of character). 3. Postiche: pes"tis"h' (of beard, hair, teeth). 

false teeth. Fausses dents (n. f.) : fos dan. 
family. Famille (n. /.) : fa^ml'^ya. 
famine. Famine (n. /.): fa"mm'. 
fan, n. 1. Ventilateur (m.): van"ti"la"tur'. 2. Aile (/.): al 

(of a tcindmill). 3. Eventail (m.): e'van"tai' (used by women). 
far, a. filoign^: e"lwan"^-nye'; lointain: lwan"tan'. as far 

as. Jusqu'a: siis'ka'. 'Loin (adv.): hvan; au loin: 6 Iwan. by 

far. De beaucoup: da bo"ku'. far off. Au loin: o Iwan. 

how far is it to . . . ? Combien y a-til d'ici a . . . ? keh"- 

bl'_yan' I a-tll' dl'sl' a. is it far to . . . ? ,Estce loin a . . . ? 

es'^e Iwan a ... . to be far apart. Etre eloigne: a'^_tra 

6'lwanny6'. 
fare. Prix (n. m.) : pri (price). fare for the trip. Prix de la 

course: prt da la kurs. full fare. Place entiere: plas^an"ti*^,yar'. 

here is my fare. Voici le prix de ma place: vwa'si' la pri da 

ma plus. 
farm, n. Ferme (/.): farm. Abbreviated Fme. dairy: 

farm. Metairie (n. f.): me"ta"ri'. f.*yard. Cour de ferme 

(/.): kQr da farm. Bassecour (/.): bfis'kur' (poultry-yard) . 
farmer. Fermier (n. m.): far"ml"^ye'. 
farmhouse, n. 1. Ferme (/.): farm. 2. Me'tairie (/.): 

me'ta'rt'. 
farrier. Mare'chaMerrant (n. m.): ma"re"slidl' far"-^ran'. 

farriery. Marechalerie (n. /.): ma"re"sliarrl'. 
fascine. Fascine (n. /.): fas"_.sln'. fascinesbands. Harts 

(./.): bar. fascine work. Clayonnage (n. m.): kla'^yon'^ 

nas'. 
fast, a. 1. Vite (m. &/.): vit. 2. Ferme: farm (fix). 3. En 

avance: an^o'vans' (of watches, etc.) . to make fast. 1. p. Amar- 

rer: a'mar'^re' (of a ship). 2. Fermer (p.): far*me' (of doors, 

u-indou-a, etc.). 3. Attacher (p.): at'^ta'b'he' (attach, fix). 
fasten. Attacher (r.): at"v^ta w slie'. fastenings. Attaches 

(n. f.) : at" ^tasli'. 

faster, a. Plus vite: plii vit; plus fort: plu for. 
fastness, n. 1. Forteresse (/.): fer"tres' (stronghold). 2. 

Place forte (n. f.) : plus fert. 
fat, a. Gnis (m.): gra; grasse (/.): gras. 
father, n. Pdre (m.): par. 
fatigue, n. Fatigue (/.): fa"tlg'. a fatigue-party. Une 

corvee: iin kor*ve'. fatiuedress, n. Tenuede corvee: ta^nii' 

da ker"v6'. f.=dut>. La corvee (n. f.): la kr"ve'. 
fault. Faute (n. /.): fot. 
favor. Faveur (n. f.): fa"vur'. 

favorable, a. Favorable: f a" vo'ra'^bl a. favorable con- 
ditions. Conditions favorables: keiVdl'sr^yon' fa'vo'ra'^bla. 
February. F6vrier (n. m.): fe"vri"^ye'. 
fear, n. 1. Peur (/.): pur. 2. Crainte (/.): krant. fearless, a. 
I =- habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 
dUne; Cllin; go; q = *\TIQ; tfhip; Olin; this. 



feat 
finger 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 



artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; gft; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

Sans peur: sail pur; intrepide: an"tre"pld'. fearless of. Qui 

ne cralnt pas: kl ne kraft pfl. 
feat. Fait (n. TO.): fa. feat of arms. Fait d'armes: fa 

dflrm. 
feather, n. 1. Plume (/.): pliim (in general}. 2. Plumet (TO.) : 

plii'me'. 
feature, n. 1. Trait (TO.): tra. 2. Figure (/.): ff'gur'. 3. 

Configuration (/.): kon*n"gu''ra"sr^,yon' (of ground). 
featured, a. Qui a des trait: kl a de tra. hard featured. 

Aux traits durs: o tra diir. 
fee, n. Honoraires (m. pi.): o"no"rar'. 
feed, n. Fourrage (TO.): fur"_rd3' (stall-feed for cattle). 
feed, 77. 1. (1) Nourrir: nQ"rir'. (2) Entretenir: ari"tra-ta- 

nlr'. (3) Alimenter: a"ll"man"te'. 2. Donner a manger a: 

den'^ne' a man'se' a (chiefly, of animals). Compare EAT. 

3. Faire paitre: far pa'-^tra (put to grass). 
feeding of, the. 1. L'alimentation: la"ll"man"ta"sl"x_-yen / 

(troops). 2. La nourriture de: la nar"_rrtur / da. 3. La pature 

de: la pa'tiir' da. 
feet. Pieds (n. TO.): pl'v^ye'. See FOOT. a depth of ten 

feet. Une profondeur de dix pieds: tin pro"feh*dur' da dl 

pr^ye'. fifty feet deep. Cinquante pieds de profondour: sari"- 

kant' pl_ye' da pro'feh'dur'. wet feet. Pieds mouilles: pl"^ 

y6' mir^i'^ye"'. 
feigned, a. 1. Dissimule': dis"^si"mu"le'. 2. Simulfi: sl"- 

mii'le' (of illness). 3. Deguise: do 'gl'ze'. 
feint, n. Attaque simu!6e (/.) : af^tdk' sr'mu"le'. 
fell, v. Abattre: a"bdt'^tra (of trees). 
felloe, feller. Jante (n. /.): sdnt (of a wheel). 
fellow, 7i. 1. Gaillard (TO.): gai"^.ydr'; camarade (m.): 

ka"ma*rad' (of persons). %. Pareii: pa"re'^ya (of things). 

good fellow. Brave garcoii (n. m.): brav gar'sou'. not 

fellows or mates. Pas pareils: pa pa're'^ya (of shoes, etc.). 
feminine, a. FSminin: fe"ml"naii'. in the feminine 

gender. Au feminin: 6 fg'mi"nan'. 
fence, n. 1. Barriere (/.) : bar"v_xri^yar' (railfence; also fear 

or gate at a level crossing). 2. Cloture (/.) : klO'tiir'. stone fence. 

Cloture en pierre: klo"tur' ah pl'^yar'. sunken f. Cloture en 

fosse: klO'tur' an f6s'^,se'. wire f. Barriere en fll de fer: 

bar'^rr^.yar' an fll da far. 
fencing 1 , n. Mat&iaux de cloture (TO.): ma"te"ri"^-y6' dy 

klO'tur'. ; 

fencing 2 , n. L'escrime (/.): les"krim' (with foils). 
ferroconcrete, n. 1. B6ton*arm6 (TO.): be"ten'^ar // mo'. 

2. Ciment arme (m.): srmant'^ar'me'. 
ferry, I. n. Bac (TO.): bdk. II. v. 1. Passer dans uii b:ic: 

pas'sg' dans_an bfik. 2. Traverser: tra"var*'s6'. ferry =boat, 

n. 1. Bac (m.): bak. 2. Traille (/.): tra'^ya. 
fetch, v. Aller chercher: al'^le' ^iar"sTie'. 
fetlock, n. Fanon (TO.): fa"neh'. fetlock *joint. Boulet (n. 

m.)\ bQ'lC'. 

fever. Fidvre (n.f.) : fi^av'^ra. feverish, a. Fievreux (TO.) : 
'*. ftevreuso (f.) : n'CVruz'. 



few, a. Peude: pu da. a few. 1. Pen de: pu da (of people) . 
2. Quelque: kel'^ka; quelques-un (m.): kel'kaz^uh"; quelques- 
une (/.): kerkuz'^iin (of things). 

field, n. 1. Champ (TO.): shan. 2. Campagne: kaiVpu'^nyo 
(campaign). field army. Armee de campagne (/.): ar"me' da 
kai'rpa'^nya. f.artillery. Artillerie de campagne: ar"t!*^ 
ye-rt' da kah"pa'^.nya. f.*bed, n. Lit de camp (m.): II da kan. 
f. ^cashier. Payeur d'armee (n. m.): pS*^,yur' dar"me'. f.* 
day. Jour de revue (m.) : 3Qr da ra^vii'. f.depot. Poste de ra- 
vitalllenient de campagne: pOst da ro'vl'tat'^ye^mfin* da 
halilt; oJsie; ou *= out; elU 10 = fewd; 
U tiny; ^hip; fllin; tfais. 



.V> BRVICE DICTIONAHV fll jj: 

artistic; art; fat; fire; fast; get; prfy; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; 6r; full; rule; but; bOrn; 9 = final; 
kan'pa'^nya. f. "exercises. Exerciced de campagne (m.): 
eg3*zar*sls' da kan*pfi'_nye. f. 'glasses. Jumelles de cam- 
pagne (/.): zti'meT de kan*pd'_ny9. f.<gun. Piece de cam- 
pagne (/.): pres' de kah'pa'^uya. f.hospital. Hopital de- 
camp (m.): O'pl'tfil' da kan. f.smarshal. Marshal (m.): 
ma*re*shaT. f. officer of the day. OfHcier superieur de jour: 
of'^fl'sre' su*p6"rrur' da sur. f. of action. Champ d'action: 
shan dak*sr_yen'. f. of fire. Champ de tlr: shah da tlr. 
f. of view. Vues (n. /.): vii. f. units. Unites de combat: 
ti'nrte' da ken'ba'. Held work. Fortification passagere de 
campasne (/.): for"trn'ka*sl*_yeh' pas'^sa'sar' da kairpa'_ 
nya. in the field. Ku cumpagne: an karVpa'^nya. ploughed 
f. Champ laboure (/.): shan la'bu're'. tilled f. cnumii 
cultive: sTiah kiirtrve'. to take the f. Se mettre en cam- 
pagne: sa met'^tra an kan'pa'^nye. 

fierce, a. Froce: fe"res'; farouche: fa"rusTi'. 

fifteen, a. & n. Quinze (m.): kanz. fifteenth, a. & n. 
Quiiizieme (m.): kah*zl*^,yam'. 

fifth, a. & n. Cinquieme (m.): san"ki"_yam / . 

fiftieth, n. & n. Cinquantieme (m.): sah"kan"tl"^.yam'. 

fifty, n. c\c .. Cinquante: san"kant'. 

flK, n. Figue (/.) : fig. 

fight, I. n. 1. Action (/.) : aks'v_sl"_yen'. 2. Combat (m.) : 
kon'ba'. II. c. 1. Combattre: kehbat'^.tra. 2. Se battre 
avec: sa bfit'^-tra a'vek'. desultory fight. Combat decousu: 
kon'bd' de'ku'sii'. f. in the open. Combat en rase campagne: 
keh'ba' an raz kan"pa'_nya. in the thick of the f. Au fort 
del'action: 5 fer da lak'sl'^yen'. to f. a battle. Li%-rer une 
bataille: irvre' tin ba'tai'^ya. to f. hand to hand. Com- 
battre corps a corps: ken'bat'^tra ker a ker. to f. or cut one's 
way (through). Frayer un cheinin: frfi'yg' an she-man'. 

fighting, I. a. 1. Qui combat: ki ken'ba' (of men). 2. De 
combat: da ken'bci' (of things). II. n. Combat (m.): ken'ba'. 
close fighting. Combat rapproche: keh'bd' rap*^pro*s~hg'. 
f. =11 ne. La ligne de feu: la ll'^nya da fu. f.men. Combat- 
tants: keh'bat'tan'. f. unit. Unite de combat: u'nl'te' da 
ken'ba'. 

figure, I. n. 1. Tournure (/.): tur"nur' (of body). 2. Taille 
{/.): tai (of staturi). 3. C'hiffre (m.): shlf'^fra (in arithmetic). 
II. v. 1. Figurer: fl'gti're'. 2. Imaginer: I'ma'sl^ne'. to figure 
to oneself. Se flgurer: sa fTgii're'. 

filament. Filament (n. m.): fi"la"mdii'. 

file, n. 1. File (/.): fll. 2. Controles (m. pi): ken"trol'. 
by flies! Par flies! par fll. close file. File serree: HI sarT6'. 
connecting f. File de liaison: ffl de ira'zen'. left f.! Par 
file a gauche! par m a gOsh (left wheel). right f.! Par file a 
drolte: par fll a drwat (right wheel). single f.! 1. En Hie 
indiennc! an HI andl'-_yen'. 2. A la file! a la fll. 

fill, r. Remplir: ran"pllr'. to fill a pipe. Bourrer une 
pipe: bu're' tin pip. to fill up the gaps. Combler les vidi-s: 
keh'ble' 16 vld. 

filly. Pouliche (n. /.) : pu"lish'. 

Him. Pellicule (./.): por^irkiil' (for photography) . 

filter, I. n. Filtre (m.): fll'^tra. II. c. Filtrer: fll'tre'.- 
filtration. Filtration (n. f.): fll'tra'sl'^-yon'. 

find, v. 1. Trouver: tru"ve'. 2. Prononcer: pr6"nen"sc' (a 
terdict). to find one's bearings. S'orientcr: so'rt'oh'te'. 
to f. the range. Constater le pointage: keh"st<i*te' la pwah'tfis'. 

fine. I. a. 1. Fin (m.): fan; fine (/.): fin'^e. 2. Delicat 
(m.): de'll'ka'; delicate (/.): dS'H"kat'_e. II. n. Amende (/.): 
a*mand'_a. III. c. Mettre a 1'amende: met'^tre a la'mfihd'^,8. 
liable to a fine. Passible d'une amende: pas'^sl'bla dun 
a*mand'^,a. finely, adv. Finement: fln'mfin'. 

finger. Doigt (n. m.): dwa. finger post. Poteau (m.): 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; e!T; Ifl = ieudl 

diine; Chin; go; n = sing; sliip; fhin; this 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 56 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; bOrn; a = final; 

po"to' (on maps, pau.). f. sprint. Empreinte digitale: an*- 



finish. I. n. 1. Fini (m.): f!"nl'. 2. Fin (/.): fan. 3. 
Terminaison (/.): tar r ml"na"zen'. II. v. 1. Finir: fTnir'. 2. 
Terminer: tar"mi"ne'. a fight to a finish. Une bataille a 
outrance: tin ba"tai'^,ya a u"tran'^sa. 

fir. Sapin (n. m.): sa"pan'. 

fire. I. n. 1. Feu (m.) : fu. 2. Fusillade (/.) : fu"zi"yad'^a. 
II. v. 1. Tirer: tl"re' (of fire-arms) 2. Incendier: an"sah"(ll"^ 
ye' (set fire to). fire! Feu! fu (military order). accurate f. 
Justesse de tir: 3us"tes' da tlr. coveringsf. Feu couvrant: fu 
ku'vrah'. cross f. Feu croise: fu krwa'ze'. curved or high 
angle f. Tir indirect: tlr an"dl*rekt'. demolition f. Tir a 
dgmolir: tlr a de"mo"llr'. effective f. Feu efflcace: fu ef^. 
fTkas'^a. direct f. Tir direct: tlr dTrekt'. discontinue f.! 
Arretez le feu! ar"^ra"te' la fu (military order). enfilade f. 
Feu d'enfllade: fu dan"friad's_a. f. sector. Secteur de feu: 
sek'tur' da fu. frontal f. Feu de plein fouet: fu da plan fu"^e'. 

grazing f. Tir rasant: tir ra"zari'. groping f. Tir progress!!: 
tlr pro'gres'^sIP. heavy f. Feu severe: f u se'var 7 . independ- 
ent f. Feu a volonte: fu a vo"leh"te'. screen f. Tir de barrage: 
tlr da bar^rd'^3a. searching f. Tir fouillant: tlr fuTyan'. 
steady f. Feu regulier: fu re"gii"li"^ye'. f.scontrol post. Poste 
d' observation: pOs'^ta deb"zar / 'va"sl''yen'. f. trench, front: 
line trench. Tranchee sur la ligne du feu: troth" slic' siir la H'_nya 
du fu. f. at close range. Tir a courte distanje: tlr a kurt 
dls'tdh'^sa. f. by salvos at varying ranges. Tir par salves 
echelonnees: tlr par sal'^va e"slie"len''^ne'. f. sweeping an 
area. Tir fauchant un terrain: tlr fo"shan' an tar"^ran'. 
light a f. Allumer un feu: al"lu"mer'^an fu. line of fire. 
Ligne de tir: H',_nya da tlr. to make a f. Faire du feu: far 
du fu. rate of f. Cadence du tir: ka'dan'^sa du tlr. 
volume of f. L'intensite du feu: lan"tah"sl"te' du fu. to 
receive f. Essuyer le feu: es*^,swl"ye' la fu. reverse f. Feu 
a revers: fu a ra-var'. to gain f. superiority. Obtenir la 
superiorite du feu: ob'^ta-nlr' la 8u"pe*ri"erTte' du fu. 
carry him out of f.! Portez=le hors du feu! per"te' la her du fu. 

to open f. Commencer le feu: kem"^mafi"se' la fu. to f. a 
mine. Faire sauter une mine: far so"te' (in mln'_a. 

fire engine. Pompe a incendie: pen'^pa a an"san"dl'. 

fireman. Chauffeur (n. TO.): f&oF^fur'. firewood. Bois a 
fou (m.) '. bwa a f u. 

firing charge. Mise de feu: mlz da fu. firing or gunnery 
instructions. Elements de tir: e"le"mah' da tlr. firing lever. 
Levler d'armement: la-vr^,ye' dar"^ma-man'. firing line. 
Ligne defeu: H'^nya da fu. firing point. Stand (n. m.): stand. 
firing squad. Escouade de tir: es"ku"_ad' da tir. firing 
step. 1. Banquette de tir: bah'ket'da tlr. 2. Talus interieur (m.): 
ta"lii' ah"tf:"rryOr' (a ledge in a trench from which soldiers fire 
at an enemy) . cease firing! Cessez le feu! ses'se' la f u. 

firm, a. 1. Ferine (m. & /.) : far'^ma. 2. Solide (m. & /.) : 



first, a. Premier (m.): pra-mi"s_xye'; premiere (/.): pra-ml"- 

yar'^a. first of all. Tout d'abord: tQ da'ber'. f. =aid medical 

packet. Paquet de pansement (m.): pa'ke' da pan'^sa-man'. 

First of July. Premier Juillet: pra-ml'^ye' su'^I'^ye' (The 

Battle of the Somme, which started on that day). 
fish. Poisson (N.. m.) : pwas"_seh'. fishery. PScherie (n. /.) : 

pa*sTid-rt' (on maps, Pechie). fishing. Peche (n. f.): pa'^sha. 

flshpond. Vivier (n. m.): vT'vI'^yg'. 
fistula. Fistule (n. /.): fls"tul'^a. fistulous withers. 

Mai de garrot (n. m.): mal da gar*^r5' (veterinary term). 
fit. I. a. Apte (m. & /.): apt. II. v. Ajuster: a"3us"te'. 

fit for field operations. Apte aux operations en rase campa- 
i = habit; aisle; au = oui\ ell; lu = feud; 
dune; cTlin; go; rj = sing; sllip; thin; this. 



57 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; fir; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
gne: aptoz-^o'pe'ra'sT^yen' an rdz kan"pa'^,nya. fitted with. 
-Monte avec: men*te v a'vek'. fittings. Installations (n. f. pi.): 
an'stal'la'sl'^yen'. reported fit for duty. Declare bon pour 
le service: de'kJa're' ben pur la sar"vls'. the fitting up of 
wagons for the conveyance. L'amenagement des wagons pour 
le transport: la'mS'na'^sa-man' de va'geh' pQr la trans'per 7 . 
to be fit to go to. Etre en etat de partir: a'^tra an 6'tcL' da 
par'tlr'. to fit up. Monter: men'te'. 

five. I. a. Cinq: san (before noun or adjective beginning with 
consonant or h asp.); sank (in all other cases). II. n. m. Cinq: 
san and sank (as incase of adjective) . five minutes past seven. 
Sept heures cinq: set Or sank. f. thousand. Cinq mille (n. m. 
pi.): san mir^a. 

fix, v. 1. Fixer: flk"se'. 2. Attacher: af^ta'^he'. fixed, 
a. Fixe: flks. fix bayonets! Balonnette au canon! bol*^ 
yo'net' o ka'nen'. 

flag, n. 1. Pavilion (m.): po/M^yeri'. 2. Drapeau (m.): dra"- 
pO'. 3. Fanion (m.): fa'^nyen'. flag=bearer. Porte-drapeau 
(n. m.) : per^ta dra'po'. f. of truce. 1. Drapeau blanc: dra"po' 
blan. 2. Parlementaire (n. TO.): parla-man'tar'. f.'Ship. Vals- 
seau amlral: ves'so' a'mrroT. f. signals. Les slgnaux: le 
si'nyo'. staff'Offlcer's f. Pavilion d'offlcler de l'etatmajor: 
pa'vl'^yen' dof'^fl'sre' da le"ta' ma'ser 7 . the f. was un- 
furled. Le drapeau etait deploye: la dra'pQ' e't' de'plwa'yg'. 
to hoist a f. Arborer un pavilion (v.): ar*bo"re' an 
po'vl'^yen'. white f. 1. Le pavilion blanc: la pa'vl'yen' 
blan. 2. Drapeau blanc (d'un parlementalre) : dra'pC' blan (dan 



flagstaff. 1. Hampe (n. /.): hdnp. 2. Baton de pavilion: 

ba'ten' da pa'vr^yen'. [flam. 

flame projector. Projecteur de flammes: pro"3ek"tur' da 
flank. Flanc (n. m.): flan. in flank. Par le flanc: par la 

flan. to expose the f. Montrer le flanc: men'tre' la flan. 
flanker, n. 1. Flanc (m.): flan (fort). 2. Flanqueur (m.): 

flah'kur' (one who flanks). the flanks are protected. Les 

flancs sont gardes: 16 flan sen gar*de'. 
flannel, I. n. Flanelle (/.): fla'nel'. II. a. De ou en 

flanelle: da fl an fla'nel' (of or in flannel). 
flare, n. 1. Flamme (/.): flam; vive clart6 (/.): viv klar"te'. 

2. Flambeau (TO.), flambeaux (pi.): flan'bO'. flare<plstol. 

Lance-fusee (n. m.): lans'fii'zg'. landing flare. Feu d'atterrls- 

sage (m.): fu dat'^tar'^rts'^sas' (used by aviators). 
flash, I. n. 1. Lueur (/.): lu"ur'. 2. ficlair (m.): e'klar' 

(of lightning). 3. Eclat (m.): e'kla'. II. v. Luire: lu'Ir*. 
flashlight, n. ficlair (m.): e"klar'. pocket flashlight. 

Eclair electrique de poche: e'klar' e'lek'trlk' da pesli. 
flat, o. 1. Plat (m.): pld; plate (fern.): plat. 2. Camus (m.): 

ka'mu'; camuse (fern.): ka'miiz' (of noses flat or snub). 3. 

Collees: kol'le' (of ears close to the head). 
flavor, n. 1. Saveur (/.): sa'vur' (of taste}. 2. Gout (m.): 

gu (of meats). 3. Arome (m.): a'rOm' (of tea, coffee, etc.). 
flea. Puce (n. /.): pus. fleabitten. Aubdre (o.): o'Tjar' 

(of horses) . 
fleet, n. 1. Flotte (/.): Het. 2. Escadre (/.): es^kd'^dra 

(squadron). 

Flemish, o. Flamand (m.): fla"man'; flamande (/.): fla"mand' 
flesh, n. 1. Chair (jf.): sliar. 2. Viande(/.): vrdhd' (meat). 
flight. 1. Fuite (n. /.): fwlt (rout). 2. Vol (n. m.): vol (of 

an aviator). 

flinch, v. Reculer: ra-ku"le'. 
flint, n. 1. CaiUou (m.): koi'yu'. 2. Pierre a fusil (/.): 

pr^yar* a fu'zl'. 

flip, n. [Aviators' slang.] Flight. _ 
l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 
dttne; cliin; go; n = sing; Sliip; thin; this. 



foundry A SERVICE DICTIONARY ">S 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

float, v. Plotter: flef^te'. floater. Flotteur: flef'^tur' 
(sustaining plane). 

flood, I. n. 1. Crue (/.): kru (of rising water). 2. Inqnda- 
tion (/.):rnen"dcrsr_yen' (overflow}. II. p. Inonder: rnen'dS'. 
floodgate. Ecluse de maree (n. /.): 6'kliis' da ma'rg'. 

floor, n. Fjtage (TO.) : e"td3'. 

flooring, n. Plancher (TO.): plarV'she'. 

flour, n. Farine (/.): fa"rin'. 

fluctuate, c. 1. Balancer: ba"lan"se'. 2. Flatter: flef'^te'. 

fly, n. Mouche (/.) : musTi. 

fly, v. 1. Voler: vo"le' (in the air). 2. Fuir: fwlr (flee). 
flying. I. n. Le vol: la v61. II. a. Volant (m.): vo"lan'; volante 
(/.): vo'lant'. flying colors. Enseignes deployees: an"se'^ 
nya de'plwcTye'. f.scorps. Service de 1'aeronautique (m.): 
sar"vls' da la"e"ro"ne*tlk'. f.soolumn. Colonne volante: ko'lon' 
vo'lant'. f.smachine. Avion (m.): a"vr,_y0n'. f.^squadron. 
Escadre devolution (/.): es"kad'^,ra de*vo' r lu"sr^-yen'. to fly- 
above or over (another). Survoler (p.): sur"vo"le'. 

focus. I. n. Foyer (TO.) : fwa'^ye'. II. v. Mettre au foyer, 
ou au point: met'^tra 5 fwa*<_,yS', Q o pwan. 

fodder. 1. Fourrage (n. TO.) : fur'^rds'. 2. Pature (/.) : pa"tur'. 
green fodJer. Fourrage en vert: far'^raj' ah var. 

foe. Ennemi (n. m.) : en"-_na-mi'. 

fog, n. Brouillard (m.): bru'^ydr'. on account of the fog 
nothing can be seen. A cause du brouillard on ne peut rien 
voir: a koz dii brQ'^yar' en na pu rr^yan' vwar. there is 
too much fog. II y a trop de brouillard: I1_I ya tr6 da brQ_ 
yar'. 

fog'horn. Sireno (n. /.): sl"ran'. 

fog^signal. Petard (n. TO.): pe"tdr'. 

Fokker. Fokker (n. TO.): fek'^kar' (German aeroplane) . 

follow, v. Suivre: swi'v^vra. to f. up. Poursuivre: pur"- 
swl'^vra. followers. Domcstiques (n. pi): do"mes"tlk' (camp* 
followers and civilians attached to an army). 

food, n. 1. Nourriture (/.): nur"^.ri"tur'. 2. Vivres (TO. pi.): 
vTv'^ra (provisions). give him some food. Donnezlui a 
manner: den'^ne' Iwl a mah'se'. 

foolhardy, a. Tem^raire (TO. & /.): te"me"rar' (reckless). 

foot, n. Pied (TO.): pl"^ye'. Compare FEET. foot 'board. 
Marchepied (n. m.): marsfh'pr^ye'. f.sbridge. Passerelle 
(n. f.) : pas'^sa-rel'. f.soldier. Fantassln (n. TO.) : fan'tas'san'. 
on f. A pied: a pl'^ye'. 

footing. Point d'appui (n. m.) : pwan dap"pwl'. 

footpath. Scntier (n. TO.): san"tl"^ye'. 

footstep. Trace (n. /.): trds. [Car: kar. 

for. I. prep. 1. Pour: pur (a person). 2. De: da. II. conj. 

forage, n. Fourrage (TO.): fur"^rd3'. compressed forage. 
Fourrage comprime: fur'^ras' ken'prrme'. f. shed. Reserve- 
de fourrage (n. /.): re"zarv' da fur'^ras'. f. for horses. A 
manger pour les chevaux: a mah"se' pur 16 gha-v5'. f. stacks. 
Meules de foin (/.): mijl da fwah. to provide with f. Four- 
rager (v.): far*^,ra"s6'. 

forager. Fourrageur (n. m.): fur"^.ra"3ur'. 

forbid, v. Dcfeiidre: de"fan'^dra. forbidden, pa. 1. De- 
feudu (m.): de*fah"du'; defendue (/.): de'fan'du'. 2. Interdit 
(m.): an'tar'dl'; Interclite (/.): ah'tar*dlt'. 

force. I. n. 1. Force (/.): fors. 2. Troupes (/. pi.): trup. 
II. v. Forcer: f5rs5'. to force back. Faire reculer: far ra-kii'le'. 

ford. I. n. Gu6 (TO.): g5. On maps, Gu6. II. v. Passer a gu6: 
pas'^,85' a ga. fordable, a. Gueable (m. & f.) : g6"a'_bla. 

forearm. Avant-bras (n. TO.): a"von"brd / . [cTvqn'. 

foreground. Terrain en avant (n. TO.): tar A> s_.ran / an^ 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; IO = feud; 

dune; Cllin; go; n = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



50 A SERVICE DICTIONARY foui ?d?y 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fust; get; prgy; hit; police; 
obey; gft; net; 6r; full; rOle; but; burn; a = final; 
forehead, n. 1. Front (m.) : fren. 2. Chanfrein (m.) : shon"fran' 

(of a horse) . 
foreign, a. Etranger (m.): e" / tran"3e''; 6trangere (/.): g'tran"- 

sar'. Foreign Legion. Legion Etrangere: ie3l*~yeh' 6'tran"- 



foreman. Contremaitre (n. TO.): kei 

foresquarters. Ayant*main (n. m.): a"van"man' (of a horse). 

foresee, r. PreVoir: pre'vwdr'. 

foresight. PreVoyance (n. /.): pre"vwa*yun.s'. 

fore Sight. Guidon (n. m.): gT"don' (of a rifle, etc.). 

forest. ForSt (n. /.) : fo'rc'. On maps, Ft. forester. Garde 
fore-stier (n. m.): gard fe'Tes'tl'^ye'. 

forge. I. n. Forge (/.): fers. II. v. Forger: fer"5e'. 

forger. Faussaire (n. m. & f.) : fos^sar'. forgery, n. 1. 
Falsification (/.) : fal".sl"n*ka*sl^yen'. 2. (1) Faux (m.) : 10. (2) 
Crime de faux (m.) : krlm da f5. 

forget, v. Oublier: u"bll"^ye'. 

fork, n. 1. Fourchette (/.): fur"sliet' (implement). 2. Bifurca- 
tion (/.): brfiir'ka'sr^yeh' (of roads). Compare JUNCTION. 

form. I. n. 1. Forme (/.): form. 2. Figure (/.): fi'giir'. II. 
v. Former: fer*me'^. form fours! Par quatre! par ka'^tra. 
f. fours, right! A droite par quatre! a drwat par ka'^tra. f. 
line! En rang! an ran. f. squads! Par groupes! par grQp. 
f. two! Par deux! par du. handy form. Maniable: ma"nl*- 
a'^bla. regulation f. Modele reglementaire: mo'dgl' re'^gla- 
mah'tar'. 

formation. Formation (?i. /.): fer"ma"sl"v^yeh'. echelon 
formation. See ECHELON. 

forsake, v. Abandonner: a"ban"den''^,ne'. 

fort. Fort (n. m.): for. On maps, Ft. frontier fort. Fort 
d'arret: fer dartre'. fleldfort. Fortin (n. m.): fer"tan'. 
Isolated or detached f. Fort Lsole ou detache: fer I'zo'Ie' u de*- 
ta's'hS'. quadrangular or square f. Fort carre: fer kar"^r6'. 
star f. Fort a etoile: fer a e'twal'. 

forthwith, adv. Sur*lecharnp: siir"^^la-^hah'. 

fortieth, a. & n. Quarantieme (m. &/.): ka"ran' r tl''^,yam / . 

fortification. Fortification (n. /.): fer"trfl"ka"sl"^yen'. 
On mai^s, Fortif. permanent f. Fortification permanent i>: 
fer'trn'ka'sl'^yon' par"ma'nant'. 

fortify, v. Fortifier: fer'trfi'^ye'. fortified, a. Fortifie 
(m.); fortiflee (/.): for*trn'^y6'. fortified city. I. Place forte 
(n.f.): plosfert. 'i. VHlc fortiflee (n.f.): vll fer*trn*_ye'. f. 
town. Ville fortiflee: vll fer*tl*n'^,ye'. the position Is forti- 
fied. La position est fortiflec: la po*zi"sl*^.yen' e fer*trn*^y6'. 

fortnight, n. 1. Quinzaine (/.): kah"zan'. 2. Quinze jours: 
kjinz JUT. 

fortress. Forteresse (n. /.) : fer*v^tres'. 

forty, a. & n. Quarantc (m. &/.): kar^s^rdnt'. 

forward. I. a. Naut. A 1'avant: a la'van'. II. adv. Mil. (1) 
En avant! aii_a"vatV. (2) Kn marchel an mar.<$h. 

forward, v. 1. Avancer: a"vah"sc f (of troops). 2. Adresser: 
o'dres'^sC' (of lrHtrsi. :?. Transmettre: trahs'met'^tre (a 
message}. forward, by column of fours, from the right, 
march ! Pur la droite par quatre! par la drwat par ku'^trB from 
forward aft. De 1'avant vcrs 1'arriere (of a ship): da Ici'vaiY 
var lar"rr_yar / . forwardlng.clevk. Commis aux expeditions: 
kem*^m!z'^6z^,eks"pC"drsr^,yon'. 

forward, march! En avant! an^a"van'. 

fougade. Fougasse (n. /.): fu'gds's^sa (o small mine for 
blowing up relinquished positions). stone fougasse. Fougasse- 
pierrier: fQ*(?as'^sa pr^,yar*^rt'^,6'. 

found, pa. Trouv6 (m.); trouvee (/.): tru've'. 

foundry. Fondcrie (n. /.): foiled a-rr. On maps, Frie. 

l = habit; tdsle; cm = out; ell; 1Q = feud; 

diine; cTlin; go; Q = sing; ihip; fliin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 60 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a <= final; 

fountain. Fontaine (n. /.): feri"ten'v_,a. On maps, Fne. 
fountain pen. Porteplume reservoir: per"ta_plii'_ma re"- 
zar"vwar'. fountain-pen filler. Chargeur (TO.): sliar'sOr'. 

four, a. &n. TO. Quatre: ka'^tra. a quarter to four. Qua- 
tre heures moins quart: ka'_tr^ur mwan kar. "four by two." 
A piece of flannel measuring four inches by two used for cleaning 
the Inside of a rifle*barrel. four o'clock. Quatre heures: ka'_ 
tr^,ur. fourth. I. a. Quatrieme (TO. &/.): ka*trT^,yam'. II. 
n. m. Quart: kar. fourteen. Quatorze(a. & n.m.): ka'ter'^ze. 
fourteenth. Quatorzieme (a. m. & f.) : ka'ter'zram'. 

fowl. Poulet (n. TO.): pu"le'. 

fracture. Fracture (n. f.) : frak"tur'. compound fracture. 
Fracture double: frak"tur / du'_bla. open wound f. Fracture 
ouverte: frak"tiir' u"vart'^_,a. 

fraise. Fraise (n. /.): fra'^za (a defense of pointed stakes). 

framework. Charpente (n. /.): shar"pdnt'^8. 

France, n. f. La France: la frdn'^sa. 

franc. Franc (n. TO.): frdn. that comes to six francs. 
Cela fait six francs: sa-la' fa si frail. twelve francs In change. 
Douze francs en petite monnaie: DQz frcin an pa-tit' men"_ne'. 

franc stireur. Franctireur (n. TO.): fran"tl"rur' (sharpshooter; 
guerilla). 

frank, a. Franc (TO.): frdn; franche (/.): frdh'^slia. 

freckle. Rousseur (n. f.) : rus*^sur'. to be freckled. Avoir 
des rousseurs: a"vwar' de rus'^sur'. 

free, a. Libre (m. & /.): li'^bra. to give as free a hand as 
possible. Laisser toute 1'initiative possible: las'^se' tut UnT- 
sl"a"tlv' pes"^sl'^bla. 

freedom. Liberte (n. /.) : Ifbay'te'. to restore to freedom. 
Mettre en liberte: met'_tra an irbar*te'. [(of persons). 

freeze, v. 1. Geler: sa-le' (of the weather). 2. Se geler: sa 3a-le' 

freight. Fret (n. TO.): fre. freight depot. Gare de mar- 
chandises: gar da mar"s~han"dlz' v _a. 

French, a. Frangais (TO.): fran"sa/; francaise (/.): fraiV'saz^a. 
a Frenchman. Un Frr,ucais (n. m.) : aii fran"sa'. are you in 
the French army? Etts vous de 1'armee Francaise? a'^ta vti 
da lar'me' frah"saz'^,a. I speak only a little French. Je ne 
parle qu'un peu de francais: 33 na pdr'^,la kan pu da fran"sa'. I 
understand French better than I speak it. Je comprends 
mieux le francais que je ne le parle: 33 keh"pran' mr^,0' la 
frah"sa' ka 33 na la par'^la. the French. Les Francais (m. 
pi.) : le fran"sa'. what is it called in French? Comment cola 
i'appelletil en francais? kem"s_man' sa-la' sap*^pel"tll' an 
frah"sa'. 

frequent, a. Frequent (TO.): fre"kan'; fr^quente (/.): fre"- 
kan'^ta. frequently, adv. Frequemment: fre"ka*v_-man'. 

fresh, a. Frais (TO.): fra; fraiche (/.): fra'^slia. freshet. 
Inondation ^ubite (n. /.): In"en"da"sr^yen' sii"blt'^a. 

Friday. Vendredi (n. TO.) : van"_dra-dl'. 

friend. Ami (n. TO.): a"ml'. old friends. Vieux camarades: 
vl"^,0' ka"ma"rad'^.a. we are good friends. Nous sommes de 
boas amis: nu sem'^,ma da benz^.a"mr. friendly, a. Amical 
(TO.); amicale (/.): a"ml"kal'. friendship. Amitie (n. /.): 
a*mI"tr-^6'. 

fright, n. 1. Fraycur (/.) : fra"yur'. 2. Effroi (m.) : eP^frwd'. 

frigo, frFgO', n. [Fr. slang.] Frozen meat: so called by soldiers. 

frog, n. 1. Grenouille (/.): gra-nu"I'^ya (the animal). 2. 
Porte=sabre (m.) : per*^ta-sa'^bra (support for the sword attached 
to belt). 3. Brandebour^ (m.): bran'^da-bQr' (braided loop on 
officers' coats). 4. Fourchette (/.): fur"sliet'~^ta (of a horse's hoof). 

from, prep. 1. De: da (of place). 2. Depuis: da-pwi' (of 
time). 3. Par: par (of cause). 

front, n. 1. Front (TO.) : fren (used also as a word of command) . 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; eiH lu = feud; 

dune; Cliin; go; n = sing; Sliip; hin; this. 



61 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
2. Devant (m.): da-van'. at the front. A la guerre: a la 
gar. battlcsfront. Front de bataille: freh da ba'tai'^ya. 
from f. to rear. De la tete a la queue: da la te'^ta a la ku 
(of a battalion). In f. of. 1. En avant de: ah^a'vah' da. 2. 
Devant: da-van'. on a wide front. Sur un front etendu: siir an 
fron e'tan'du'. to go to the f. Aller au le front: al"!6' 5 la freh. 

frontage, n. 1. Front (TO.): freh. 2. Fagade (/.): fa"sdd'^a 
(of a building). 

frontal, a. Frontal (TO.); frontale (/.): fren"tdl'. 

frontier. Frontiere (n. /.) : fren"tl"x_,yar\_,a. On maps, Front" 1 . 

frost. Gelee (n. /.) : sa^le'. 

fruit. Fruit (n. m.): fr\vi. stewed fruit. Compote de 
fruits: koh pOt' da frwl. 

fry, v. Frire: frir'^a. frying-pan. Poele: po"el'. 

fuel, n. 1. Chauff age (TO.) : shoP^f 03'. 2. Combustible (m.) : 
keh'bus'tl'^bla. 

fugitive. Fuyard (n. TO.): fwl"yar'. 

fulfil, v. Accomplir: a"ken"pllr'. to fulfil one's role. 
Rempllr son role: rah'pllr' son rSl'^a. fulfilment. Accom- 
plissement (n. m.): ak'^keh'plls'^sa-maii'. 

full, a. Plein (TO.): plan; pleine (/.): pla'^na. fulbblooded. 
a. Sanguln (m.): sah"gah'; sanguine (/.): sah'gln'. at full 
cock. Au cran de 1'arme: krah da lar"me'. full pack. A 
soldier carrying all hi3 equipment: slang term. to let one have 
full play. Laisser faire: las'^se' far'^a. 

fully, adv. 1. Entierement: an"tryar" v- ,a-mdn'. 2. Compld- 
tement: ken'pia'^ta-man'. 

function. I. n. 1. Fonction (/.) : fenk^si^yen'. 2. Role (TO.) : 
rOl'^,3. II. n. Fonctlonner: fenk'sr^yen'^ne'. 

fund. Fonds (n. TO.): fen. regimental fund. Masse r6gi- 
mentalre: mas'^sa re"3rman'"tar'_a. 

funeral. 1. Enterrement (n. TO.) : ah"tar / '^ra-mdn'. 2. Pompes 
funebres: ponp fii'ng'^-bra. funeral honors. Honneurs fune- 
bres (m.): en*^nur / fii'ne'^bra. 

funk. Effroi (n. TO.): ef'^frwd'. funk hole. A dugout: 
soldiers' slang. [slia-mrne'. 

funnel, n. 1. Tuyau (n. m.): twl^_y6'. 2. Chemin6e (/.): 

furlough. Conge (n. TO.): ken^e'. prolongation of fur- 
lough. Prolongation de conge: prO"len"ga"sr^yeh' da ken'se'. 
on furlough. En conge: ah ken'se'. [(/.): fur"naz'^_a. 

furnace, n. 1. Four (TO.) : fur. On maps, Fr. 2. Fournaise 

furnish, v. 1. Fournir: fur"nlr'. 2. Constituer: ken'strtu^e'. 
to furnish Information. Fournir des renselgnements: 
fQr'nlr' d5 rah'san'^ya-mah'. 

furrow. Sillon (n. TO.): sryen'. 

further, adv. Plus loin: plii Iwan. a little further. Un 
peu plus loin: ah pu plii hvah. 

fuse, n. 1. Fusee (/.): fu"ze'. 2. Meche (/.): ma'^slia. f. 
hole. (Ell de 1'ogive: O'^I' da 163lV. f. needle. Rugueux 
(m.): rii'gu'. f. punch. Debouchoir (/.): d6 Y bQ*sTiwar / . 
Blckford fuse. Meche lente: ma'^gha lah'_ta. delay f. 
Fusee porte-retarcl: fii*z6' per'^ta ra-tar 7 . double action f. 
Fusee a double effet: fii'ze' a dtl'^bla gr^fg'. Instantaneous 
f. Cordon porte-feu: kor*doh' pOr'fu'. percussion f. Fusee 
percutante: fii*z6' par'kii'taht'^a. quick f. Cordeau de- 
tonant: kerd5' de'teh'ah'. slow f. Cordeau Blckford: ker'do' 
BIk'fer'. time f. Fusee fusante: fu*z6' fu'zaht'^a. time 
and percussion f. Fusee a double effet: fu'zC' a dQ'^,bla ef'^fg'. 
universal f. Fusee unlverselle: fii'zg' unTvar"sel'^la. 

fuselage. Fuselage (n. TO.) : fvi'^sa-^' (light framework of an 
aeroplane) .canvas fuselage. Fuselage entolle: fu'^sa-las' ah*- 
twa'ye'. 

future. Avenir (n. m.); a*^va-nlr'. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine; Chin; go; rj = sing; Ship; fhiii; ftlis. 



DICTIONARY (12 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

G 

gabion. Gabion (n. m.): ga"bl"^.yon'. gabion revetment, 
gabionade. Gabionade, (n. m.l: go bi"^,yon"ns'. 

gage. Reglette (n. f.):_ re"glet'^ta (of artillery). narrow 
gage. Voie etroitc: vwa g"tr\vru'_a. 

gain, v. Gagner: ga"nye'. to gain ground. 1. Gagner dn 
terrain: ga'nye' dii tfir*^rfin'. 2. Prot;resser: proves" _se'. to 
g. a victory. Remporter une victolre: raii"pHr"te' iin vlk'twdr'^ ft. 
g. time. See under TIME. 

gaiters, n. Guetres (/. pi.): ga'^tra. 

gall, n. 1. Fiel (m.): fTyel'. 2. Bile (/.): bll. 3. ticorchure 
(/.): e*ker*sTmr'. 4. Blessure (/.): b!es"_siir'. girth'gall. 
Blessure de sangle: bles'^siir' da san'^gla. saddlesgall. liles- 
sure de selle: bles'^siir' da sel'^la. galled withers. Bleasure 
au garrot: bles'^siir' 5 gar*^ro'. 

gallant, a. Courageux (m.): ku"ra"3u'; courageuse (/.): 
ku"ra"3ii7/_a. gallantry, n. 1. Gaianterie (/.): ga"lafi_ta-rl' 
(politeness). ?. Bravoure (/,): bra'vQr' (courage). act of con- 
spicuous gallantry. Action d'eclat: ak"sr^yon' de'kla'. 

gallery. Galerie (n. /.): ga"^la-rl'. On maps, Galie. com- 
mon gallery. Grande galerie: gnm'^da ga"^la-rl'. great g. 
Galerie majeure: ga'^la-rt' ma'sur'. mining g. Galerie de 
mine: gn"_la-rr da mln'^,a. counter^niine g. Galerie en- 
veloppe: ga*^,la-rr an'va-lep'. 

Galicia. Galicie (n. /.): ga"li"sl'. A division of Austria* 
Hungary. 

gallop. I. n. Galop (m.) : ga"l5'. II. v. Galoper: ga"lo"pe'. 
charging gallop. Galop de charge: ga"15' da Shar'^sa. full g. 
1. Galop allonge: ga"lop'^,Gr^,len"3e'. 2. Grand galop: gran pa - 
16'. forced g. Galop force: ga"10' fer"se'. let us g. Allans 
au galop: al'lonz'^6 ga"15'. 

galvanized iron. Fer galvanised far gal"va"ni"ze'. 

galvanometer. Galvanometre (n. m.) : gal"va"ne''ma'^,tra. 

game, n. 1. Jeu (/n.): 3U (sport). 2. Gibier (m.): 3i"bi"^ye' 
(wild birds, etc.). gamekeeper. Gardechasse (n. m.) : gar'^dn 
shas'^sa. to die g. Mourir en brave: mu"rlr' an bra'^va. 
to make g. of. Se moquer de: sa me"ke' da. 

gangrene. Gangrdne (n. /.): gar^'gran^a. 

gangway, n. 1. Passerelle (/.) : pas" s- ,sa-rer v ^la (from a ship 
to the shore). 2. Passavant (m.)'. pas"s_,sa'vah' (communicating 
passage on a ship). 3. Passage (m.): pas'sas'^a (between tents 
in a camp). horse gangway. Passerelle a chevaux: pas'^-sa- 
rel'^la a slia-vo'. 

gap, n. 1. Breche (/.): bra'^slia. 2. Trou (m.): tru. 

garden. Jardin (n. m.): sor^dan'. On maps, Jin. 

gargle. I. n. Gargarisme (m.) : gar"ga"rizm'. II. v. Garga- 
riser: gar*ga*rl''ze'. 

garrison. Garnison (n. /.): gar"nl"'zen / . 

garrot. Garrot (m.): gar"^ro' (a temporary tourniquet). 

gas. Gaz (n. TO.): gdz. gassbomb. 1. Bombe asphyxiante 
(/.): ben'^.ba as"nk\sl"^yant'^a. 2. Borabe suffocante (/.): 
ben'^ba suf"-^fo"kant'^a. incendiary gas. Gaz inccndlaire: 
gaz^an"san"dr^yar'^a. gas-bag. Knveloppe (n. /.): an'^va- 
lep'. gas cylinder. Cyllndre a p;az: sl'lan'^dre a gaz. 
gas =f nines, gas^clouds. Nuage de gaz (m.) : nu'as'^a da gaz. 
gas<gong. An empty shell, which when struck serves as a gong 
and gives warning of the approach of poisonous gas. gas mask. 
See GAS-HELMET, under HELMET. suffocating gas. Gaz suffo- 
cant: gaz suf^fo'kaiV. 

gash, n. 1. Balafre (/.) : ba"16/^fra. 2. Estafilade (/.) : eB"ta ff - 
n'lad'^a. 

gasoline. Essence (n. /.): es^satV^sa. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; 10 = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; rj = sing; Sllip; fhin; this. 



63 A SERVICE DICTIONARY h 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

gate* n. 1. Porte (/.) : per'v_,ta. On maps, fte. 2. Barriere (/.) : 
bar"^,rT>_,yar'^a. crossing gate. Barriere du passage a nlveau: 
bor'^rl'^yar'^-a dii pos'^sas'^e a nl'vO' (on level railroad cross- 
ings) . sliding g. 1. Barriere a coulisse: bar*_rT_yar's_^a a kfT- 
lls'^se. swinging g. Barriere roulaute: bar"^rr_yar'_a ni'- 
iant'v_,a. two* or three sbarred g. Barriere a deux, trols 
barres: bar*^rt'^yar'^,9 a du, trwfl bar'^ra. through the g. 
A travers la grille: a tra'var 7 la grt'^ya. Kateman or g.skeeper. 
Garde-barriere (re. m.) : gard'a bar'^rT^yar'^a. 

gather, r. Assembler: as"v_,san"ble'. 

gauntlet. Gantelet (n. m.): gah"^ta-le'. 

gay, a. Gai (m.); gaie (/.): gii. 

gear. 1. Materiel (n. m.) : ma"te"rl'*el' (belongings). 2. Engre- 
nage (n. m.): ah'^-gra-nas'^a (gearing). gear box. Boitedevi- 
u-sso: bwat'^a da vl'tes'^sa. change of g. Changement de 
Vitesse: shah'^sa-mdri' da vrtes'^sa. steering ^gear, n. 1. 
Gouvernail (n. m.)'. gfl"var*na*^,I' (as of boats, ships, etc.)- 2 
Direction: drreks'^yen' (as of motor vehicles, aeroplanes, etc.). 
traversing g. Volant de pointage en direction: vo'ian' da pwan"- 
ta3'_a an drrek"si"^yon'. 

gelding. Hongre (n. m.) : hen'^,gra. 

general. I. a. G6neral (m.); g6n6rale (/.): 3e"ne"ral'. II. 71. 
General (m.): 36"n6"ral'. general action. Action generale: 
ak'sl'^yen' sS'ne'ral'. g. delivery. Poste restante (/.): post 
res'tan'^ta. g. headquarters. Quartier general du comman- 
dant en chef:,kartr^ye' 36"neral' du kem'^,man"dah' ah siwf. 
g. staff. Etatmajor (m.): 6"ta' ma'ser'. g. terms. Termos 
generaux: tarm 3e"ne"r5'. generally, adv. Generalement: 36*- 
ne'ra'^la-mah'. 

Geneva convention. Convention de Gendve (/.): keh"van w - 
sr,_yon' da 3a-nav'_a (agreement entered into 1864-1365 by 
European powers as to more humane treatment of sick and wounded 
in war). 

gentle, a. Doux (m.): du; douce (/.): dus'^a. gently, adv. 
Doucement: dus'man'. carry him gently. Portez-le douce- 
ment: per"te' la dQs'mah'. 

gentleman. Monsieur (n. TO.): ma-sl'^yu'. gentlemanly. 
Comme 11 faut: kom^Il fo. 

German, a. & n. Allemand (m.): al"-^la-mdn; allemande 
(/.): al'^,la-mfin'^da. the Germans. Les boches: le bosTi'^a 
(name given them by the French soldiers). Germany. Allemagne 
(n. f.): al'x^la-mfi'nya. 

get,r. 1. Obtenir: ob^ta-nlr'. 2. Procurer: pro"kQ"re'. get 
in*. 1. Procurezmol: pro*kii"re' mwa. 2. [U. S. slans,'.] Com 
prenezvous? koh'prc'ne' vQ. to get well again. Se rtitablir: 
sa re'ta'bllr 7 . to get up. So lever: sa la-ve'. 

ghastly, a. 1. Pale comme la mort: pdl kom la mer. 2. 
Cadavereux (m.): ka'da'vo'ru'. 

giant, 71. G6ant (/.): 3e"un'. 

gigantic, a. Gigantesque: 3i"gan"tesk'. 

gimlet, n. 1. Foret (m.): fo'rc'. 2. Vrillo (/.): vri'_y... 

gin, n. Tripled (m.): tr^pi"^ ye' (a thrrfli //!/</ portuMa hoist). 

ginger, a. (Of hair: used in identification.) 1. Houx (m.): ru; 
rousse (/.): rQs. 2. Rouge (i. & /.): rQ3. 3. Homiuin (m.): rQ*- 
kun'; rouquine (/.): rQ'klu'. 

gippo, jip'o, n. [Soldiers' .shuiK.] 1. Soup. 2. Bacon grcasi-. 

girdle, n. Cointuro (/.): saiV'tiir'. 

girl. Fille (n. /.) : fl'^ya. 

girth. I. n. 1. Sangle (/.): san'^gla. 2. Contour (m.): koiV- 
tQr'. II. c. Sanglcr: suh"lu'. loosen the girth. Dessorror la 
sangle: d6*s6r"^r6' la san'^glo. 

give, v. Donner: don"^,nc'. give him. Donnoz-lui: don"nf>' 
Iwl. g. me. Donnezmol: don'nfi' rnWa. give me a llg h t , 

i - habit; aisle; ail - out; olh 1Q feud; 

dttn; t'llin; go; rj = nnff; dhip; Chin; thi^. 



Iroimd A SERVICE DICTIONARY 64 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

please. Donnezmoi Uu feu, s'il vous plait: don'^ng' mwa dii 

fu, sll va pia. to g. oa<;'s self away. Se faire tomber: sa far 

ten 'be'. 10 g. one's word. Donner sa parole: don"n6' sa pa r - 

r51'. to g. way. Flechir: flg'slilr'. 

glacier, n. Glacier (TO.): gla"3i"_ye'. Abbreviated Gler. 
glacis, n. Glacis (m.): gla"sl'. 
glad, a. 1. Joyeux (m.): 3wa"yu'; joyeuse (/.): 3\va"yuz'. 2. 

Bien aise: bryah'^az. 3. Content: ken"tan'. glad of. Heur- 

eux de: ur"u' da. 

glade. Clairiere (n. /.) : kla"ri"^,yar'. 
glanders. 1. Mai de garrot (n. TO.) : mal da gar'^ro'. 3. Morve 

(/.): merv. 
glass, n. 1. Verre (m.) : var. 2. Jumelles (/. pZ.) : su'mel' (field* 

glass). glass-works. Verrerle (re. /.): var*^.ra-"/. 
gleet, n. 1. Blennorragie (/.) : blen"no"ra"3l'. 2. Echauffement 

(m.) : e"shof''mun . 

glen, n. Vallon (m.): val'^len'; val!6e (/.): val"_Je'. 
glide, v. 1. Glisser: glls'^se'. 2. Volplane: vel*pla"ne' (by 

aeroplane). 

gloomy, a. Sombre: sen'^bra. 
glory, n. Gloire (n. /.) : glwdr. 
gloves. Gants (n. m.): gah. 
G. M. P., abbr. Garrison Military Police. Police (Militaire) 



de Garnison: po"lls' (ml'irtar') da gar"nl"zen'. 
o, c. Aller: al"^.le'. See APPENDIX. go, imper. Allez: al"v_ 
i.e'. go away. Allez*vous en: al"^,]e' vuz^,an. go slow! 



Lentement! lan"ta-man'. go slowly. Doucement (adv.): diis"- 
man'. I am sorry to go. Je suis desole de partir: 39 swl 
de"s6"le' da par"tlr'. let us go. Allons: al'^len'. to go 
away, v. 1. S'en aller: san al"^le'. 2. Partir: par"tlr'. to go 
astray. See ASTRAY. to go back. Reculer: ra-kii"le'. to go 
forward. Avancer: a"van"se'. to go on. Continuer: ken"- 
tl"nii"e'. to go on all fours. Marcher a quatre pattes: mar"sTie' 
a ka'^tra pat. to let go. Lacher: la'slie'. 

goal, n. 1. But (TO.): bii. 2. Terme (TO.): tarm. 3. Objectif 
(m.) : ob"3ek"tif. 

goat, n. Chevre (/.): sTia'^vra. 

goatee, n. Barbe de'bouc (/.): bdr'^ba da buk. 

God, n. Dieu (TO.): dl"^yu'. 

goggles, n. pi. 1. Lunettes (/.) : lii"net'. 2. Cagoule (/.) : ka"- 
gul' (gas-mask or protected head*piece of canvas with mica*covered 
eye*holes) . 

going, n. 1. Alice (/.) : al^le'. See ALLER in Appendix. 2. 
Depart (m.): de'par'. 3. Marche (/.): mar'^s^ha. are we 
going? Allons*nous? al'len' nu. g. In. Entree (/.): an'tre' 
(taking over a trench). g. out. Sortie (/.): ser'tl' (relief after 
trench duty). g. over. Montee (/): men"te' (climbing out of a 
trench to attack). Contraction of "going over the top." g. to.- 
Allant a: ar^laht'^a. g. up. Montee (/.): rnen'te' (rising). 
g. west [soldiers' euphemism]. Dying. we are going. Nous 
allons: nuz^al'len'. 

goitrous, a. Goitreux (TO.) : gwa"tru'; goitreuse (/.) : gwa"truz'. 

gold, n. Or (m.): er. goldbeater'sskln. Baudruche (n.f.y. 
bo'clriish'. g.^fllled, a. Aurifle (m.): o'rrfl'^ye'; aurlflee (/.): 
o'rrfTv^yS' (of teeth, in identification). 

golden, a. En or (TO.): cinder. 

gone, pp. 1. A116: al"^le'. See ALLER in Appendix. 2. Parti 
(pp.): par*tl'. he Is gone. 1. II est parti: 11^-6 par*tl'. 2. II 
est mort: II e mer (dead). his money Is all g. II a depense 
tout son argent: II a de"pah"se' tu sen ar'san'. gone west 
[soldiers' euphemism]. Dead. 

goniometer. Goniometre (n. TO.): ge"ni"6"me'^tra (gun* 
sighting dial). 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oiU iu = feud; 

dtlne; cTlin; go; o = ting; Ship; thin; this. 



65 A SERVICE DICTIONARY ground 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
good, a. Bern (m.): beii; bonne (/.): ben'^na. good=bye. 

Adieu: a"dr_yu'. g.oye for a time. 1. Au revolr: 5 ra-vwdr'. 

2. A tantot: a tah'to'. g. day. Bonjour: ben'sOr 7 . g. evening. 
'. g. l 



Bonsoir: beh'swor'. g. lucK! Bonne chance! ben'^ 

g. morning! Bonjour: ben'sQr'. g.iiatured, a. Debon- 

naire (m. & /.): d5"ben"^nar'_a. goodness. Bonte (n. /.): 

ben'tC'. g. night. Bonne nuit: ben'_na nwl. goods. Mar- 

chandises (n. /.) : mar*shah"dlz'^a. 
goose. Oie (n. /.) : wd. 
gooseberry, n. 1. Cros-nlle (/.): gro"sa'^ya. 2. A cask-like 

wooden frame around which barbed wire has been wound: used 

In wire entanglements. 
gorge. Gorge (n. /.) : ger'^a. open gorge. Gorge ouverte: 

gers^u'vart'^a. shut gorge. Gorge fermee: ger' _3a far"me'. 
gout. Goutte (n. /.) : gut'^ta. gouty, a. 1. Goutteux (m.) : 

gut'^tu'; goutteuse (/.): gut'^tuz'. 2. Podagre (m. & /.): 

pe'da'^gra. 

government. Gouvernement (n. TO.): gu"var"^ / na-mdn'. 
gradient. Rampe (n. /.) : rdn'^pa. 
grain. Grain (n. m.): gran. 
gramme. Gramme (n. TO.): grdm'-^ma (one ounce avoirdu- 

pois = 28. 35 grammes). [ml'tra'^I'. 

grape, n. Raisin (TO.) : ra"zan'. grape-shot. Mitraille (n. /.) : 
grappling ;iron. Grappin (n. TO.): gra"pan'. 
grass. Herbe (n. /.): a.rb'_a. 
grate. Grille (n. /.) : grl'^ya. 
grating. Grille (n. /.) : gri'^ya. 
grave, n. 1. Tombe (/.) : ten'^ba. 2. Tombeau (TO.) : ten"bo'. 

On maps, Tomb. 

gravel. Gravier (n. m.): gra*vi"^ye'. 
gravy. Jus (n. TO.): 311. 
graze, v. 1. Paltre (act.): pa's_tra. 2. Se paitre: sa pa'^tra 

(to eat grass). to graze horses. Faire paitre les chevaux: 

far 7 pa'_tra lg ^ha-v5'. 
grease. Graisse (n. /.): gra'^sa. tin of grease. Boite de 

gralsse (/.): bwa'^ta da gra'^sa. [Gde. 

great, a. Grand (TO.): gran; grande (/.): grand. Abbreviated 
greatcoat, n. 1. Capote (/.) : ka"pot'^a. 2. Capote de garde 

(/.): ka'pOt'^a da gar'^da. 3. Pardessus (m.): parades* >_sii'. 
Greece. Grece (n. /.): gra'^sa. 
green, a. Vert (TO.): var; verte (/.): var'^ta. light-green, 

Vert Claire: var kia'^ra. 
grenade. Grenade (n. /.): gra-nd'^da. hand grenade. 

Grenade a main: gra-na'^da a man. 
grey, o. Gris (TO.): grl; grise (/.): grl'v_,za. 
grind, v. Aiguiser: a"gwl"ze'. grinding machine. Machine 

a aiguiser (/.) : ma'shl'^na a a'gwl'zg'. 
grocer. Spicier (n. m.): e"prsl"^ye'. groceries. 1. pi- 

ceries (/. pi.): epl^sa-rl'. 3. Produita d'e 4 )icerie: pre'dwi' de*- 

pr^,sa-rl'. 

grog. Grog (n. TO.): grog. 
groom. I. ?i. 1. Groom (TO.) : grum. 2. Ordonnance (/.) : er"- 

don'^ndh'^sa. II. p. Panser: pan'se'. grooming. Pansage 

(n. m.) : paiTsas'^a. 
groove. Rainure (n. /.) : ra'niir'^a. 
grotto. Grotte (n. /.) : gret. On maps, Grte. 
ground. I. n. 1. Terrain (m.): tartan'. 2.Terre(/.): tar. 

II. r. Mettre a terre: met'^tra a tar. above g. En terrain de- 

couvert: ah tar*^raiY de'Ru'var 7 . abrupt falls of the g. Res- 

sauts de terrain (m.): res*^s5' da taf^rah'. amount of g. 

Etendue de terrain: S'taii'dii' da tar*^ran'. camping g. Ter- 

raln de campement: tftr'^ran' da kan'^pa-man'. dead g. An^lc 
l = habit; aisle; au = out; STj lu = feud; 
dUne; cliin; go; o - ting; sTiip; hin; Uii.s. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 66 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; gO; net; fir; full; rule; but; burn; d = final; 
mort: ong'_la mer. even g. Terrain uni: tar^ran' li"nl'. 
flat g. Terrain plat: tar"v_ran' pla. folds In the %. Replis de 
terrain: x ra-pll' da tar*^rah'. ground arms! Armes a terre! 
arms_a tar. hard g. Terrain dur: tar"^ran' diir. heavy g. 
1. Terre graase: tar gras'^sa. 2. Terrain lourd: tar",_,rah' lur. 
kind of g. Nature du sol: na"tur'_8 du sel. lie of the g. 
Configuration du terrain: ken"fi"gu"ra / 'sr v _yen' du tar"^rah'. 
light g. Terrain leger: tar^rah' le"ge'. loamy g. Sol glai- 
seux: sel gia"zu'. medium g. Terrain moyen: tSr"^ran' mwa"- 
yaii'. open g. Terrain decouvert: tar'^ran' de"ku / "var'. 
ploughed g. Terrain laboure: tar*^,ran' la"bu*re'. rough g. 
Terrain defonce: tar"^.rah' de"feh*se'. soft g. Terrain mou: 
tar"^_.rah' mu. stony g. Terrain pierreux: tar"_rah' pi"^yar"^ 
ru'. to defend every inch of g. Defendre chaque pouce de 
terrain: de*fan'_xdra sha'^ka pu'^sa da tar'^ran'. to go to g. 
Se terrer: sa tar"^re'. to make good use of the g. Savoir 
utiliser le terrain: sa"vwar' ii"tl"irze' la tar*^ran'. to take g. 
Atterrir: a'tar'^rlr'. training g. Terrain de manoeuvre: tar* _ 
rah' da man'u'^vra. waste g. Terrain vague: tar"^ran' vfl'^ga. 

group, n. 1. Groupe (TO.) : gru'^pa. 2. Massif (n. m.) : mas*^, 
slf (of objects in the landscape). 

grousing. Grumbling; discontent: soldiers' slang. 

grove. Bosquet (n. TO.): bes"ke'. 

growth. Ve'ge'tation (n. /.): ve"ge"ta"sr_yen'. growth on 
top and slope. Vegetation sur hauteur et pente: ve"ge"ta"sr_ 
yen' sur h6"tur' e pdh'^ta. 

gruel, n. Gruau (TO.) : gru"6'. 

guard, n. 1. Garde (/.) : gard (a body of men. Used with the 
definite article, la). Z. Conducteur: keh"duk"tur' (conductor, as 
of a train). 3. Convoi (m.): keh'vwa' (as of a baggage' or supply* 
train). advance guard. Avantgarde (/.): a'vah'gurd'. 
chaing. Gar decli aine (m.): gard" Shan'. flank =., n. 1. Flan- 
queur (m.): flan'kur'. 2. Flanc=garde (/.): flah"gar(r. g.^house. 

1. Corps de garde (m.) : ker da gard. Abbreviated Gde. 2. Garde 
(n. /.): gard. g.sroom. 1. Corps de garde (m.): ker da gard. 

2. Salle de police (/.): sal da polls'. g., turn out! Aux armes! 
Oz^Srm. quartersg. Garde du camp: gard du kan (battalion 
camp*guard). railway g. Conducteur (m.): ken"diik"tur'. 
rearsg. Arrieregarde (/.): ar'^rl'^yar' gard. -to call out the 
g. Mettre la garde sous les armes: met'^tra la gard su lez arm. 
to come off g. Descendre la garde: des"sah'^,dra la gard. to 
mount g. Monter la garde: meh"te' la gard. to relieve the g. 
Relever la garde: ra-la-ve' la gard. 

guidance. Conduite (n. /.) : ken"dwit'. 

guide. I. n. 1. Guide (m.) : gld. 2. Conducteur (TO.) : keri"- 
diik'tur'. 3. Indicateur (?.): ah" drka'tur' (rallwaysignal) . II. 
v. 1. Guider: gl"de'. 2. Conduire: koh"d\vlr'. guide-post. 
Poteau indlcateur (n.m.): p5"to ah*dl"ka"tur'. g.rope. Guide- 
rope (re. m.): gld"rop'. 

guilty, a. Coupable (m. &/.): ku"pa'^blo. 

gulf. Golfe (n. m.) : golf. 

gully, n. 1. Cassis (TO.) : kas^sls'. 2. Rigole (/.) : n"gol'. 

gun, n. 1. Canon (TO.): ka"nen' (ordiumcc). 2. Fusil (TO.): 
fti'zl' (rifle). gun-carriage. Affut de canon (m.): af"^.Iii' ds 
ka'noh'. gun-cotton. Cotonpoudre: ko'teh' pQ'clro; fulmi- 
coton: fQrmrko'toh'. gun-fire. Canonnage (n. m.): ka*,_ 
nen'^nas'. gun -layer or pointer. Maitre pointeur (n. m.): 
ma'tra pwah'tur'. gunner, n. 1. Servant (m.): sar*vah'. 2. 
c'anonnler (m.): ku"Mon"^.nr^y6'. gun -pit, n. Emplacement 
de piece: aiVplas'^a-mah' da pr^yes'. gunpowder. Poudre a 
canon (n.f.): pu'^dra a ka"neh'. gunpowder manufactory. 
Poudrerie (n. /.): pQ'dra^rl'. Abbreviated Poudie. guns 
brougiit Into or placed in action. Canon mise en batterie: 
ka'nen' mlz_ah baf^te-rl'. gunshot. 1. Porteo (/.): per^te' 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu <= fewl; 
chin; go; fl = sing', Ship; fhin; this. 



07 . A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fre; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; bOrn; 9 = final; 
(cannon* or r >fle*range) . 2. Coup de feu (m.) : kQ da fa. 
gunshot 'wound. Blessure d'un coup de feu ou fusil <f.): 
bles*_Biir' dan kQ da fO Q fii'zl'. machine**. Mitrailleuse 'n. 
/.): ml'tral'^yflz'. machlne=gun ammunltion*helt. Bande 
de cartouche (/.): bond da kar"tu.<h'. siogeg. Piece de siege 
(/.): pl'^yes' da areas'. qutck*firlng gun or rapid-fire gun. 
Canon a tir rapide (m.): ka'nen' a tlr ra'pld'. shield *g. Canon 
munis de bouclier: ka'noh' mii'nl' da bQ'kll'S'. 

gunboat, n. Chaloupe canonniere (n. /.): slia^lup' ka w - 
nen*_nl*^y5r / . 

Gurkha. Gorkha (n. m.): ger*kd', ou Gourkha: gQr"ka' (In- 
dian soldier). 

gutter. 1. Rigole (n. /.): rl'gol' (trench, ditch, or furrow). 2. 
Caniveau (n. m.): ka*nrv5' (conduit). 3. Rulsseau (m.): rwls'^, 
sO' (of a street). 



habit, n. Habitude (/.): a^I'tud'. bad habits. Mauvaises 
habitudes: mO'vez'^a'brtud'. 

hack, v. Hacher: ha"slie'. 

haggard, a. Hagard (m.): ha"gdr'; hagarde (/.): ha"gdrd'<_a. 

Hague, The. La Haye: la ha (capital of Holland). Hague 
Tribunal. Tribunal de la Haye (m.) : trt'bu'nal' da la ha (Per- 
manent Arbitration Court, established 1899). 

hair, n. Cheveux. (TO. pi.): s"ha-vu'. hairbrush, n. 1. Brosse 
a cheveux (/,) : bres'^sa a gha-vu'. 2. Calendrier: ka"lan*drr_ye' 
(a type of hand*grenade) . h.*cut. Coupe de cheveux: ku'^pa 
da slia-vu'. h.sdresser. Coiffeur (n. m.): kwaf^fur'. hairy, 
a. Poilu (m.) : pwa'Iii' (popular nickname of French soldier) 
poilue (/.): pwa'lu'. 

half. I. adv. Demi: da-mi'. II. n. 1. Moiti6 (/.): mwa"tl"^, 
y6'. 2. Demi (m.): da-mi'. at half cock. Au cran de repos: 
kran da ra-p6'. h. an hour. Une demi-heure (/.) : (in da-mi' 
ur. h. a pound. Une deml livre (/.) : un da-mi' Hv'_ra. h. 
past one. Une heure et demie: un^ur 6 da-mi'. h. past three. 
Trols heures et demle: tnvaz^,ur e da-mi'. h. past twelve. 1. 
Midi et deml: mTdi' 6 da-mi' (noon). 2. Mimiit et demi: ml*- 
nu'vJP 6 da-mi' (midnight). 

hall, n. 1. Salle (/.): sdl'^la (large room). 2. Vestibule (m.): 
vps'tl'biil'^a (entrance: passage). 

halt. I.n. 1. Halte(/.):hdlt'^a(stop; resting-place}. 2. Arret 
(m.): ar*^r6' (stop; stay). 3. Bivouac (/.): brvu'uk' (cncami>- 
ment). II. v. 1. S'arreter: sar*^ra"te' (to halt oneself). 2. Fairc 
halte a: far'^a halt'^a a (to halt someone else). h.! 1. Halte* 
la! Mlt'^a la (military). 2. Arretez-voas! ar*^,ra"te' vu. h.! 
who goes there? 1. Qui vive? kl vlv. 2. Halte! hult'^a. halt- 
Ingsplace. Etape (n. /.): ftdp'^a. 

halter, n. Licou (/.) : irku". haltercast. Prise de longer 
prl'^za da len'sa. 

ham 1 . Jambon (n. m.): sahlaen'. ham sandwich. Sand- 



wich au jambon: san'dwItSh' san'ben'. 
ham 2 , n. Village (m.): virid'^o (so cnlle<l in Flandert). 
hamlet. Hameau (n. m.): ha"mo'. On maps, II nu. 
hammer, n. Marteau (m.): mar"to'. sledge-hammer. 

Marteau & deux mains: mar'to' a du nun'i. 
hammock. Hamac (n. m.): ham*dk'. 
hamper, r. 1. Embarrasser: an"bar*^,rus"^se'. 2. Gein^r: 

Z&*n&. 3. Contraricr: kon Y tra'rt*^,yg'. 
hand. I. n. 1. Main(/.): man (in general sense). 2. Aiguille 

(/.): a*g\vl'^ya v (of a clock or iratch). II. r. Donner: don'^ne'. 



v 

at hand. 1. A portee: a por'tC'. 2. A proximit 
te'. beforehand, adv. D'avance: do'von'^so. 



ite: a 
In the hand. A 



l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = fewjl; 
dtine; chin; go; D = sin^; sihip; fhin; this. 



heel dCUffS A SERVICE DICTIONARY 68 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

la main: a la man. Ii. "grenade, n. Grenade a main (/.) : gra- 

nfid'^.a man. h.toh. Corps & corps: kerz^a ker. hands up! 

Haussez les mains! h5*s6' 16 man. on the other h. 1. D'un 

autre cote: dan^O'^tre kO'tS'. 2. D'autre part: dO'^tre pflr. 

h.ssaw. Scie a main (/.): si a man. handbag, n. Sac a main 

(TO.): sflk^a man. 

handcuffs. Mcnottes (n. pi.): ma-net'^ta. 
handful. Poign6e (n. /.) : pwa"nye'. 
handspike. Anspect (n. TO.): an"spek'. traversing hand- 

spike. Levier de manoeuvre: Ia-vr_y6' da ma'nu'^vra. h. 

ring. Anneau de pointage: an'^-no' da pwan'tas'^a. 
handwriting, criture (n. /.): e"krrtur'. legible hand- 

writing. Ecriture lisible: e'krFtiir' lTzI'_bla. 
handkerchief. Mouchoir (n. TO.): mu"shwdr'. 
handle. I. n. 1. Poign6e (/.): pwa"nye'. 2. Manche (TO.): 

man'^sha. 3. Manivelle (/.): ma"nl"vel'^la. elevation han- 

dle. Manivelle de hausse: ma'nrvel'la da hos'^-sa. 
handy. I. a. 1. Commode (TO. &/.): kern" ^_,mod'^,djiof things'). 

2. Habile (in. & /.): a'bll ^a (of persons). II. adv. A portee de 

la main: a per't*' da la man. 
hang, r. 1. Pendre: pan'^,dra. 2. Suspendre: sus"pan'^dra. 

hanging. Tenture (n. /.) : tan'tiir'^a. 
hangar. Hangar (n. TO.): han"gdr' (shed as for airships). 
happen, v. 1. Arriver: ar"^ri"ve'. 2. Se passer: sa pas"^se'. 
happy, a. 1. Heureux (TO.): u"ru'; heureuse (/.): u"ruz'v_a. 

2. Content (m.): ken"tan'; contente (/.): kon"taht'^a. 
harass, v. 1. Contrarier: ken"tra"ri"^ye / . 2. Harceler (v.): 

har*^sa-le'. 
harbor. Port (n. TO.) : per. Abbreviated Pi. harbor commis- 

sion. Commission de port (/.): kem"^rnls"^s!'^yen' da per. 

h. --master. Capitaine de port (m.): ka'pi"tan'^,a da per. 

making the h. Entree au port (/.): an"tre' o per. h. swatch. 

Gardeport (n. TO.): gar'^da-por'. 
hard, a. Dur (TO.); dure (/.): diir. hard*pressed. Serr6 de 

pres: sar*^re' da pra. hard tack. Biscuit de reserve: bls"kwl' 

da re'zarv'. 
hardy, a. Audacieux (TO.): 6"da"s!"^yu'; audacieuse (/.): 



hare. Lievre (n. TO.): 

barken, v. ficouter: e"ku"te'. 

harm. I. n. 1. Mai (TO.): mal. 2. Malheur (TO.): 

11. v. Nuire a: nwlr a. 
harness. I. n. 1. Harnachement (TO.) : har*na"^sTia-mdn'. 2. 

Harnais (m.): har"ne'. II. v. Harnacher: har"na"slie'. harness: 

maker. Bourrelier (n. m.): bur*._ra-ir^ye'. harnessed, pa. 

Harnache (m.); harnachee (/.): har*na"iShe'. 
harsh, o. Rude (TO. & /.) : riid. 
harvest. I. n. 1. Moisson (/.) : mwas"^sen'. 2. R6colte (/.) : 

re'kol'^ta. II. v. 1. Moissonner: mwa3*_sen*_ne'. 2. Re- 

colter: r6"kelte'. 
has, v. A: a. 

haste. Hate (n. /.): ha'^ta. hasten, c. Se hater: sa hd"te'. 
hat. Chapeau (n. m.): sTia^po'. 
hatch. coutille (n. /.): e"ku"tl'^,ya. 
hatchet, n. 1. Hache (/.): hd'^slia. 2. Hachette (/.): hasV- 

hateT 9 i. n. Haine (/.): han'^a. II. v. Hair: ha"^ir'. full 

of hate, a. Haineux (m.): ha"nu': haineuse (/.): ha'nuz'^a. 
haughty, o. Hautain (m.): h6"tan'; hautaine (/.): ho"ta^na. 
haul, v. Haler: h^'le'. 
haunch. Hanche (n. /.): hdn'^sha. 

have, n. Avoir: a'Vwdr'. [Note. For parts of this verb see table 
I = habit; aisle; au = out; eiU iu = feud; 
diine; Cliin; go; n = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



69 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat;_ fire; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
of irregular verbs in Appendix. When -used interrogatively the po- 
sitions of pronoun and verb are reversed, as ai-je? (a'_39) have I? 
Avons nous? (a'ven'^ntl) have we? Avezvous? (d'ye* vQ) 
have you?] 

haven Port (n. m.): per. haven of refuge for patrols. 
Port de refuge pour les patrouillcs: per da ra-fiis' pur 16 pa"tru*- 
I'_-ya. 

haversack, n. 1. Havresac (m.) : ha^vra-sdk' (worn- on the 
back). 2. Musette (/.): mii'zet'^ta (worn slung across the 
shoulders) . 

hawser, n. 1. Haussiere (/.) : h6s"sl"_yar'. 2. Amarre (/.) : 
a"mur'^,ra (for mooring). 

hay, n. 1. Fourrage sec (m.): fur'^ros' sek (dry fodder). 2. 
Foin (m.): fwan. bundles of hay. Foin en bottes: fwah an 
bet'^ta. compressed hay. Foin presse: fwan pres*_se'. 
hay rack, stable rack. Ratelier (m.): ra'^te-ir^ye'. hay 
ricks. Meules de foin (f.) : mul da fwan, 

haze, n. 1. Brume (/.) : briirn. 3. Vapeur (/.) : va"pur / . 

hazel, a. Marron (m. &/.) : mar"^ron' (said of the eyes: a mark 
of identification). 

he, pron. II: II (nominative); lui: Iwi (objective). 

head, n. 1. Tete (/.): tat'^a (in general sense). 2. Chef (m.): 
STief (chief). administrative head. Directeur administratif 
(m.) : di"rek"tur / ad"ml"nrstra''tlf'. at the head of. En tete de: 
ah tat's_a da. headfast, n. Amarre d'avant: a'mar' da'van' 
(hawser holding a vessel's bow). heading. Titre (n. m.): tlt'^ra. 
headland, n. 1. Cap (m.): kap (cape). On maps: C. 2. 
Promoutoire (m.): pro"mah"twar'^,a (promontory). headlight, 
n. Fanal (m.) : fa"noT. headrope. Longe (/.): leii'^a. head: 
stall. Tetiere (n. /.): te'ti'^yar'^a. keep your head down. 
Baissez la tete: bas*^se' la tat'<_8. 

headquarters. Quartier general (m.): kar'tl'^ye' 35"ne"ral'. 
general headquarters. Grand quart ler general: gran kar't!*^. 
yg' se'ne'ral'. 

heaU v. Guerir: ge"rlr'. healing. Gu6rison (n. /.) : ge"rl"- 

health. Sant6 (n. /.): san"te'. health guard. Garde de 
sante: gar'v_da da sah'te'. healthy, a. Sain (m.): sah; salne 
(/.): san'^a. 

heap, ?i. 1. Tas (m.): ta. 2. Monceau (m.): men'so'. 

hear, v. Entendre: an"tdn / s_xdra. hearing, n. 1. Ouie (/.): 
u"wl' (the physical sense). 2. Audition (/.): 6'dl'sr^yeii' (ex- 
amination of untnesses). hard of hearing. Dur d'oreille: diir 
de're'^ya. to have good hearing. Avoir 1'oule bonne: 
a'wvur' lu'wl' ben'v^na. 

hearsay. Ouidire (n. m.) : wrdlr'. 

heart, n. 1. Creur (m.): kur (the organ). 2. Courage (m.): 
kft"ra3' (the quality). 3. Contro (m.): san'^tra (center). 

heat. Chaleur (m. f.) : sha"lur'. to avoid the heat of the 
day. Evlter la chaleur du jour: e'vi'te' la sTia'lur' dii 3Qr. 
heating. Echauffemont: e'shof^fo-mah'. 

heath, n. 1. Lande (/.): Idn'^da. 2. Bruyere (/.): brwl"_ 
yar'^a. 

heavy, o. 1. Lourd (m.): lur; lourde (/.): lur'^d^. 2. Fournis 
(m.): fQr'ni' (said of the eyebrow. " //.'//(.'/iow). 

heivy artillery. Grosse artilli-ric: gro,s'_sa ar"u'^,ya-rl'. 

hedge. Haie (n. f.): ha. On maps, Hie. quickset hedge. 
Hale vive: ha vlv'_a. wi'd h. Bale forvs:irn>: lia f5*res"ti"_ 
yar'^a. hedged enclosure. C'loaire en liai^s: klo'tiir' ah ha. 

hedgehog. Herisson (n. m.): he'rLs'^Koh'. 

heel. Talon (n. TO.): ta"lon'. cracked heel. Crevasso 
(n. f.) : kra-vas'^sa. heel rope. Entrave des pieds de derriere 
(/.): an'trc'iv'^a de pr^ye' da dar'^rr^yar'^.a. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; ifli = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; n = si?^; sliip; fhin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 70 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

height, n. 1. ]l6vation (/.): e"le"va"si"^yeh'. 2. Hauteur 
(/.): hO'tOr'. 3. Taille (/.): ta'_ya (stature). height of burst. 
Hauteur d'eelatement: hO"tur' de^kto^ta-man'. a great h. 
Une grande altitude: tin grand'^a al"tl"tud'^a. the heights 
on either side are held. Les hauteurs sont occupees de chaque 
cote: Ie^h5*tur' sont_ok"_ku'pe' da 6huk'^,a k5"te'. 

hell, n. 1. Enter (/n.): an"far'. 2. (Figuratively.) Le diable 
(.): la dra'^bla. 

helm, n. 1. Barre (/.): bar'^ra (wheel). 2. Timon (ra.): 
tr'men' (tiller). h. amidships. Droite la barre: drwa'^ta la 
bar'_ra. port the h. Babord la barre: ba"ber' la bar'^,ra. 
starboard the h. Tribord la barre: trl"bor' la bar'^ra. 

helmet. Casque (n. m.): kas'^ka. gas or smoke helmet. 
Cagoule (n. /.) : ka'gul'^a. 

help. I. n. 1. Aide (/.): a'^,da. 2. Secours (m.): sa-kttr'. 
II. f. Aider: a"de'. help me. Aidez=moi: a"de' rnwa (assist 
me). h.! 1. Au secours! 6 sa-kttr'. 2. A 1'aide! a la'_da (came 
to my rescue). helpless, a. 1. Sans secours: son sa-kur'. 2. 
Falble (m. & /.): fa'^bla (weak). 

belter sskelter. A la d^bandade: a la de"ban"dad'^a. 

hem in, v. Cerner: sar"ne'. 

hemorrhage. H6morragie (n. /.)' ^'mei^^ra'^sl'. arterial 
h. Hemorragie arterielle: e"mer"^,ra"^3r ar"te"n"er^la. ex- 
ternal h. Hemorragie externe: e'raer^^ra'^sr ek"starn'^a. 
internal h. Hemorragie interne: e*mer*^.ra"^3r an"tarn'^a. 
venous h. Hemorragie veineuse: e'raer'^ra'^sr va'nuz'^a. 

hen. Poule (n. /.): puT_a. henshouse. Poulailler (m.): 
pQl"a*^ye'. h.sroost, n. Jucholr (m.): su'sliwar'. 

her, pron. Lui: Iwi (objective); son (.): sen; sa (/.): so (pos- 
sessive) . 

here, adv. Ici: i"sl'. here is, here are. Voici: vwa"sl'. 
here he comes. Le voici: la vwa"sl'. 

hermitage. Ermitage (n. m.) : eVmI"ta3'. On maps, Hermge. 

heroism. H6ro!sme (n. m.): e"rp"i9m'. 

herring. Hareng (n. m.): ha"rdn'. 

herself, pron. Ellememe (/.): el mam. by herself. Seule: 
sul. 

hesitation. Hesitation (n. /.): e"zl"ta''si"^yen'. 

Herzegovina. Herzegovine: ar"tse"g5"vin'. 

hiatus. Breche (/.): brash (breach). 

hickboo, hik"bu', n. [Airmen's slang.] An air*raid. 

hide. I. n. 1. Peau (/.) : po (skin). 2. Cuir (m.) : kwlr (leather). 
II. v. Cacher: ka'slie'. hidden, n. Cache: ka"she'. 

high, a. 1. Haut(w.): ho; haute (/.): hot. On maps, Ht. 2. 
Kleve (m.): elevee (/.): e"la-ve'. 3. Decouvert (m.): dg'kQ'var'; 
decouverte (/.): de"ku"vurt' (of a forehead in identification). 
high road, highway, n. Grand' route (/.): grand rut. h. 
spirited, a. 1. Plein de coeur: plan da kur. 2. Fougueux (m.): 
fu'gu'; ardent (w.): ar'dan'. 

Highlander, n. Ecossais (m.): e"kes"_se'; ^cossaise (/.): 



hill. Colline (n. /.): kol^lln'. Abbrev. Coll' 1 '. at the top 

of the h. En haut de la colline: an ho da la kol"_lln'. to 

- .ascend or go up the h. Monter la colline: mon'te' la kol"^ 

Kn.'. to descend or go down the h. Descendre la colline: 

(W^san'^dra la kol"_lln'. 

Uillofk. Mamelon (n. m.) : ma*ma-len'. Abbreviated Maman. 
hilltop. Soramet (n. m.): som'^ma' (summit). 
hilly, r&. 1. Montagneux (m.): men"ta"^nyu'; montagneuse 
(/.) :tnbnta*^nyuz'. 2. Accident^ (m.) ; accidentee (/.) : ak'sl*- 
dan'te' (uneven). 

httt. Poign6e (n. /.) : pwa^^nye 7 . _ _ 
aisle; au = out; oE! iQ = feud; 
; go; n = sing; Sliip; hin; this. 



71 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pr6y; hit; police; 
obey; g6; net; e>; full; rule; bot; burn; a = final; 
him, pron. 1. (Objective) Le: la; celui: sa-lw!'. 2. (Dative) 

Lui: iwl. himself, he himself. Luiineme: Iwi'mam'. 
hinder. Empdcher (v.): an"pe"sTi'. [a horse). 

hind ^quarters. L'arrieremain (n. m.): lar*^ / rl / '^yar*mah' (of 
hinge. Charniere (n. /.): shur"nl"^yar'. 
hip, haunch. Hanche (n. /.): hansh. 
hire. I. n. 1. Location (/.): le"ka"si"^yen'. 2. Louage: 10*03'. 

3. Prix de lounge on de location: prl da lu"Q3' u da le*ka"sr^yeh'. 

II. p. 1. Louer: 10*6'. 2. Soudoyer: su"d\va"^ye'. hiring. Louage 

(n. iti.): UT'Qs'. 
his, pron. 1. (Personal) De lui: da Iwl (of his). 2. (Possessive) 

(1) A lui: a Iwl (to him). (2) Son (m.) : sen (his) ; sa (/.): so (hers) ; 

ses (pi.) : se (theira). his or her own. Le sien (m.) : la sT^yan'; 

la si;>nne (/.) : la sl'^yen'. 
hit. I. n. Un coup au but (m.) : an ku 5 bii (o hit of the objec- 

tii-i'^. II. P. 1. Attelndre: at*^tan's_dra. 2. Frapper: frap*^, 

I>o' (shot). 3. Toucher: tQ"sTie'. 4. Blesser: bles",_se'. I am 

hit. Je suis frappe: sa swl frap*^,p5 / . 
hitch, n. Nreud (m.) : nu. 
hobble. I. n. Entrave (/.): an"trdv'. II. v. Entraver: on"- 

tra"ve'. hobbling, a. Boiteux (m..): bwa'tu'; boiteuse (/.) : 

bwa'tuz'. 

hock, n. Jarret (m.): 3ar"re'. 

hofstede, n. Ferme if.): farm (so called In Flanders). 
hoist. I. n. 1. Guindal (m.) : gan"dal' (of a ship) . 2. Elevateur 

(m.): e"le"va"tur' (in meclianics). II. v. 1. Arborer: ar'bo're'. 

2. Hisser: hls"^se' (haul up). 3. Guinder: gan"de' (of watts and 

sails). 4. Hausser: ho'se' (lift itp). hoist a flag. 1. Arborer 

un pavilion: ar / *bo"re' ah pa*v!"^yoh' (military). 2. Hisser un 

drapeau: hls'^se' ah dra'po' (naval). 
hold. I. n. Prise (/.) : prls. II. r. Tenir: ta-nlr'. 
hole, n. Trou (m.) : tru. 
Holland. La Hollande (n. /.): la hoHand'. 
hollow. I. a. Creux (m.): kru; creuse (/.): kriiz. II. n. 1. 

Fosse (/.): fos. 2. Cavite (/.): ka"vlte'. hollow-eyed. Yeux 

enfonces: yu ah*foh"se'. h. square. Carre (m.): kar*^re'. 

h.=\vay. Chemin creux (m.): sha-mah' kru. 
holster. Fonte (n. f.) : fent. 
honest, a. Honnete (m. &/.): en"s^nat'. 
honeycombed, a. Chambr6 (rn.); ohambr^e (/.): shaiV'bn"'. 
hold. I. n. 1. Prise (/.): prlz (capture). 2. Cale (n. /.): kul. 

(of a ship). II. P. 1. Tenir: ta-nlr'. 2. Occuper: e'ku'pe'. 

hold! 1. Tenez! ta-ne'. 2. Arretez! ar*^,re"te' (stop). hold 'all. 

Enveloppe de voyage (n.f.): ah'^va-lop' da vwa'yfis'. to h. his 

or Its own. Se maintenlr: sa mah'^.ta-nlr'. to h. off. 1. Arreter: 

ar'^rg'te'. 3. Tenir eloisne: ta-nlr* e"iwa"_nye'. to h. on. 

1. Continuer: ken'trnii'S'. 2. Perseverer: par*se"ve"re'. to 

h. the recovered ground. Retenir le terrain reconquis: ra-ta- 

nlr* la tarrah' rc'koh'kl'. 
home, n. 1. Chez soi: sT\e swa (dwelling). 2. Patrie (/.): 

pa'trl' (country). homeless, a. Sans demeure: son da-mur'. 

homeward, adr. 1. Yens la inaison: var la ma"zeh'. 'i. N'ers soi: 

var s\vci. 3. Au retour: 6 ra-tur' (of ships bound home). 
honor. Honneur (n. m.) : en'^nur'. Legion of Honor. 

LEGION. [(/.): ka"pet'_a (of a 

hood, n. 1. Capuchon (m.): ka'pu'sTieh' (cowl). 2. 
hoof. Sabot (n. m.): sa"b6'. 
hook. I. n. 1. Crochet (m.): kr6"sTie'. 2. Hameco 



(fishhook) . II. P. 1. Arcrocher: ak*^,kro* 
Agrafer: a"gra"f6'.- billhook, reap hook. Serpo (/;. f. 
horse. Cheval (n. m.): slia-val'. broken <downMlor 
Cheval claqu6: Sha-val' kla'ke'. broken >kneed h. (" 
couronne: ^ha-var kp'ren^ne'. broken-winded h. Cl 
i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 10 
diine; cTlin; go; rj = sing; Ship; fhin; 




hypociUical A SERVICE DICTIONARY 72 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; barn; a = final; 
poussif: Sha-val' pus"._slf'. araugiit li. Cheval de trait: Sha- 
val' da tra. foundered h. Cheval fourbu: Sha-val' fur"bu'. 
half >bred h. Cheval de demi sang: She-veil' da da-mi' son. h. 
allowance. Indemnity de monture (/.): an"dam"nrt6' da men"- 
tiir'. h.box. Stalle (n. /.): stal'^la. h.=car. Tramway a 
chevaux (n. TO.) : tram'wa' a Sha-v5'. horsehair. Crin (n. m.) : 
krah. h.sholder. Gardechevaux: gard Sha-v5'. h. spick. 
Curepleds (n. m.): kiir"pl"^ye'. h.pond. Abreuvolr (n. m.): 
a"bru*vwar'. h. power. 1. Cheval*vapeur (m.): Sha-val' 
va'pur'. 2. Cheval: Sha-voT (usually so abbreviated). h.;sling. 
Sangle d'embarquement (/.): sdh'^gla dan"bar*^,ka-man'. led 
h. Cheval de conduite, ou de main: Sha-voT da ken'dwlt', Q da 
man. my h. has cast a shoe. Mon cheval a perdu un fer: men 
Sha-voT a par"dii' an far. my h. Is lame. Mon cheval boite: 
men Sha-voT bwat'^a. my h. is lame on one foot. Mon cheval 
bolte d'un pied: men Sha-voT bwat'^a dan pl'^ye'. my h. ran 
away. Mon cheval s'emporta: men Sha-vcil' saii"per"ta'. req- 
uisitioned h. Cheval de requisition: She-voT da re*ki"zr- 
sl'^yen'. restive h. Cheval retif: Sha-voT re'tlf. saddled. 
Cheval de selle: Sha-voT da sel'^-la. spare h. Cheval de re- 
change: Sha-voT da ra-Shan'^a. unsaddled h. Un cheval 
desselle: an Sha-var des"^.sel"^Je'. 

horseman. Cavalier (n. m.): ka'va'll'^ye'. 

horses, n. pi. Chevaux (m.) : sha-vo'. bring the horses. 
Faites venir les chevaux: fat'^.a va-nlr' 15 ^ha-yo'. feed the h. 
Donnez a manger aux chevaux: den"ne' a man"3e' 
harness the h. Harnacher les chevaux: har"na"ghe' 
he Is used to h. II a 1'habitude des chevaux: ll^a la"brtiid'^.a de 
Sha-vo'. picket the h. Mettez les chevaux en piquet: mef^te' 
16 Sha-vo' ah pl"ke'. saddle the h. Sellez les chevaux: sel'^le' 
16 Sha-vo'. to spare the h. Menager les chevaux: me"na"3e' 16 
Sha-v5', stand by your h. Restez pres de yos chevaux: res'te' 
pra da vo Sha-vo'. unharness the h. Deharnachez les che- 
vaux: de"har*na'She' le Sha-vo'. water the h. Donnez a boire 
aux chevaux: den"^ne' a bwar^o Sha-v6'. 

horseshoe, n. 1. Fer a cheval (m.) : far a Sha-val'. 2. Fer (m.) : 
far. horseshoe case. Portefers (n. TO.) : perffar'. horseshoe 
nail. Clou a ferrer: klu a far"^,re'. spare horseshoes and 
nails. Ferrure de reserve: far"^_rur' da re"sarv'^,a. 

hospital. 1. Hopital (n.m.)\ 6"pi"tdr (general). 2. Lazaret 
(m.): la"za"re' (for contagious diseases) . army hospital. Hopi- 
tal militaire: 6"pI"toT mrH"tar'_a. auxiliary h. Hopital 
auxiliare: 0"pl"tal' 5k"sril"ar'_a. baseh. Hopital del'interieur: 
o"pl"tal' da lan'te'rl'^yur'. carry him to the h. Portez-le a 
1'hopital: porte' la a lo"pl"tal'. clearing h. Hopital d'evacua- 
tlon: 0"pl"tal' de"va"ku"a''8l''^yeh'. field h. Hopital de cam- 
pagne: 5'prtal' da kah"pa'_nya. h. attendant. Inflrmier (n. 
m.) : an"far"mr^ye'. h. for contagious cases. Hopital a des- 
tination speciale: o"pi"tal' a des"trna ff sl"_yen' spe'sl'^yal'. h. 
orderly. Infirmier: ah"far"mr_ye'. h. ship. Navire hopital 
(m.): na'vlr' 6"pl"tal'. spa h. Hopital thermal: o"prtal' tar"- 
mal'. stationary h. Hopital fixe: o"pl"tal' fik'^sa. tempo- 
rary h. Hopital temporaire: o"pl"tal' tan"po ff rar'^,a. veteri- 
nary h. Inflrmerie veterinalre (/.): an"far"_ma-rl' ve"te"rl"- 
nar'^a. 

hospitality. Hospitalite (n. /.): os"pi"tal"I"te'. 

host, n. 1. Hote (m.): ot'^a (one who entertains). 2. Hotelier 
(m.): o"^ta-ll"^ye' (one ivho conducts a hotel). 3. Foule (/.): ful'^,a 
(multitude). 

hostage. Otage (n. m.): o'^c^'^a. to take hostages. 
Prendre des otages: prah'_dra d6z^,6*t3' 9- 

hosteau, es"t6', n. [Colloq.] A chateau used as a hospital or 
convalescent home: so named by French soldiers. 

hostess. H6tesse (n. /.) : o'^es'^sa. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out] oil; iu = feud; 

diine; cliin; go; D = sing; ghip; fliin; ttiis. 



73 A SERVICE DICTIONARY h 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 
obey; gfl; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
hot, a. Chaud (m.): sho; chaudo (/.): sh6'v_da. he is hot. 

II a chaud: Il^a ShO. it is hot. II fait cnaud: II fa ShO. 
hotel. H6tel (n. m.) : 6*tel'. Abbreviated Hel. 
hour. Heure (n. /.): ur. hour of starting. L'heure de 

depart: lur da de'pdr'. 
house. I. n. 1. Maison (/.): ma"zen'. 2. Batiment (m.): 

ba'tl'man' (building). II. r. 1. Abriter:abrl*te'. 2. Loger: 10*36'. 

country house. Bastide (n. /.): bos'tld'^a. On maps. Bide. 

isolated h. Maison isolee: ma'zen' 1'zo'le'. to be housed. 

Etre en grange: ft'-^tra an gran's_3a (said of animals). 
housewife, n. 1. Menagere (/.): me'na'sar'^a (the mistress of a 

house). 2. Trousse (/.): trus'^sa (case containing needles, etc.). 
how, adv. Comment: kem^mdn'. how are you? Com- 
ment allezvous? kom'^munt'^al"^16' vu. hew far is it from 

here? A quelle distance d'ici a . . . ? a kel dte'tan'^sa dl'sl' a. 

how far is it to a town? A quelle distance sommesnous 

d'une ville? a kel dls'tuh'^sa sem'_ma nu diin vll'^la. how 

long have you lived here? Depuis quand etes-vous lei? da- 

pwl' kan fit vuz^l'sl'. how many? Combien? keir'br^yan'. 

how many miles? Combien de kilometres? ken"bl"_yan' da 

kilo"me'_tra. how much? Combien? ken"bl*^,yan'. how 

much does It cost a pound? Combien ca coute la llvre? 

ken'bl'^yan' sa kQt la ll'^vra. how much do they cost? 

Combien coutent^ils? kenbr_yan' kut^il. how old are you? 

Quel age avez-vous? kel 03 a've' vu. 
howitzer. Obusier (n. m.): 6"bu"zi''^ye / . field ^howitzers. 

Obusiers de campagne: 6"bu''zi''^ye' da kan'pd'^nya. trench 

howitzer. 1. Crapouillot (m.): kra'pQ'I'yS'. 2. Obusier de 

tranchee: O'bu'zl'^ye' da tran'slie'. 
hub. Moyeu (n. m.): mwa"yu'. 

huffed, a. [Soldiers' slang.] Killed: used by aviators. 
hull. Coque (n. /.): kok (of a ship). 
humpback, hunchback, n. Bossu (m.); bossue (/.): bos"^, 

sii'. 
hundred, a. & n. Cent: san. one hundred and one. Cent 

un: sant^an. hundredth, a. Centieme: san'tr^yam'. 
Hungary, n. L'Hongrie (/.): len"grl'. 
hunger. Faim (n. /.) : fan. hungry, a. Affame: of" ^fd*me'. 

I am hungry. J'ai faim: 36 fan. to be h. Avoir faim: 

cf'vwar' fan. 

hurdle. 1. Claie (n. /.) : kla. 2. Fascine (/.) : fa'sin'. 
hurl, v. 1. Jeter: 33-te'. 2. Lancer: lan"se'. 
hurry, v. 1. Se hater: sa ha'te'. 2. Se presser: sa pres^^se'. 

hurry up! 1. A la hate: a la hat. 2. Hatez-vous: ha'tfi' vQ. 3. 

Depechez-vous: de'pa'slig' vQ. to be in a hurry, fitre presse: 

fi'^tra pres'sfi'. 

husband, n. Mari (m.): ma"ii'. 
hush, interj. Chut: shut. 
hut, n. 1. Baraque (/.) : ba'rok'. On maps, Bqe. 2. Cabane 

(/.): ka'ban'. On maps. Cue. 3. Hutte (/.): hut. 4. Gourbi 

(m.): gOr*bI' (improrised shelter). 5. Baraquement (m.): ba*ra*_ 

ka-man' (collection of h^^ts). hutting. Baraquement (n. m.): 

ba'ra'^ka-mdn'. Abbreviated Baraq 1 . 
hussar. Hussard (n. m.): hus'^sdr'. 
hydroaeroplane, n. 1. Hydroaeroplane (m.): r r dr6"a"e ;r r6''- 

plan'. 2. Hydravion (m.): I'dro'vl'^yeh'. 3. Hydroavion (m.): 

I'dro'a'vr^yen'. hydroplane, n. Hydroplane (m.): I'drO*- 

plan'. 
hydraulic, a. Hydraulique: rdrollk'. On maps, Hydr. 

hydrauiiCTPCoIl. Frein hydraullque (n. m.): fran TdrQ'lIk'. 
hydrogen tube. Tube d'hydrogene (n. m.): tab dl'dro'san'. 

hypocritical, a. Hypocrite: rpo^krU/. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; elT; 1Q = feud; 
diine; Chin; go; Q = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



injure A SERVICE DICTIONARY 74 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pr6y; hit; police; 
Obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

I 

I t pron. 1. Je: 39 (contracted to j' before a vowel, and used in com- 
bination with verbs. It is written with a capital initial letter only 
at the beginning of a sentence). 2. Mol: mwa (when used alone). 
I am. 1. Je suis: 33 swl. 2. J'ai: z&- used for "I have." 
See HUNGRY. 

ice. Glace (n. /.): gld'^sa. -ice*axe. Piolet (n. TO.): pi" 
yo"16'. iced, a. Frappe (m.): frap'^pe'. Ice-house. Glaciere 
(re./.): gla"sr_yar'^a. 

Idea. Idee (n. /.) : i"de'. 

identical, a. Identique (m. &/.) : I"doh"tik'. identification. 
Identification (./.): rdcm''tl*frka*sr'^yen / . Compare DESCRIP- 
TION. i lentlflcaUon or Identity disk. See DISK. 

idiot. Idiot (n. m.): Fdl"^y6'; idiote (n. /.): i"dl"yo'^ta. 
idiotic, a. Idiot (m.): I'dT^yO'; idiote (/.): rdl'yo'^ta. 

if, prep. Si: si. 

ignition. Allumage (n. m.): al"^_ / lu"ma.3'^,8. [ran'-^ta. 

ignorant, a. Ignorant (m.): m"yo"rdn'; ignorante (/.): In"yo"- 

111, a. 1. Malade (m. &/.): ma"ldd' (of persons). 2. Souffrant 
(m.): suf'iran'; souflrante (/.): suffran'^ta (of animals). are 
you ill? Eiesvous maladc? at vu ma"lad'. I am ill. Je suis 
malade: 33 swl ma"lad'. ilbbred. Mai eleve: mal^e*^la-ve'. 
illness. Maladie (n. /.) : ma"la"di'. 

Illiterate, a. Illettre (m.): illettree (/.): Il*^16t*^tre'. 

illustrate, v. 1. Demontrer: de"meh"tre'. 2. Illustrer: II"- 
lus'tre'. 

immigrant. Immigrant (n. m.): im"ml"grdn'. 

imitate, v. Imiter: I"ml"te'. 

immobilize, v. Immpbiliser: im"^mo"bl"ll w ze'. 

impartial, a. Impartial (in.) : impartiale (/.) : a^'par^si'^yal'. 

impassable, a. 1. Impraticable (m. & /.) : ah"pra"trka' v _bl8. 
2. Impassable (m. &/.): an"pas"v^sq'^bla. 

impatient, a. Impatient (m.): &n"pa"sl"^yaii'; impatiente 
(/.) : an"pa"sr^yan'ta. 

implement, n. 1. Ustensile (m.): us"tan"sll'. 2. Outil (m.): 
u"t!'. portable implements. Outils portatifs: tTtl' per"ta"tlf. 

implicate, v. 1. Impliquer: ah"pll"ke'. 2. Compromettre : 
ken'prS'met'^tra. to be implicated, Implicate oneself. 
Se compromettre: sa ken"pr5"met'^tra. 

imply, v. Signifier: sl" s _.nyl"fl''._ x ye / . [;in*per''tan'^ta. 

important, a. Important (m.): ar^'per^tcm' ; importante (/.): 

impose, v. Imposor: an"po"ze'. 

impossible, a. Impossible (TO. & /.) : an"pes",_si / ._,bla. 

impregnable, a. Imprenable (TO. & /.) : an"pra-nd'^bla. 

impress, v. 1. Imprimer: an ff prl"me' (actually). 2. Ineulqurr: 
an*kul"ke' (figuratucl;/). 

imprison, v. Emprisonner: an"prl"zen"^ne'. 

improve, v. Am^liorer: q"me"ll"^y6"re'. 

in, into, prep. 1. En: an. 2. Dans: ddn. 3. A: a. 

inaccessible, a. Inaccessible (TO. & /.): m"ak"ses w ^sl / ^,blo. 

inaccuracy. Inexactitude (n. /.): in"eg^zak w tl"tud'^.o. 

inactive, a. Inactif (m.) : In"ak"tlf' ; inactive (/.) : In"ak"tlv'^,a. 

inadequate, a. 1. Insuffisant (TO.): aiV'suFfr'zdn'; insufrisaiite 
(/.): an".suf"n*zan'^ta. 2. DLspropoitionne (m.): dispropor- 
tionnee (/.): dls"pr5"per"sl^.yen"'^n6'. 

incautious, a. Imprudent (TO.): an"prii"clan'; imprudente 
(/.): an'pru"dun'_t9. 

inch. Pouce (n. m.): pu'^sa. 

include, v. 1. Renfermer: ran"far*'me / . 2. Comprendre: kem"- 
pran'^dra. Included, a. 1. Compris (m.): keh'pri 1 ; comprise 
(/.): ken'prlz'^,3. 2. Renferme (m.) ; renfermee (/.) : ran* far" me'. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; eill IQ = feud; 

dune; Cliin; go; rj = sinp; iihip; thin; this. 



7r, A SERVICE DICTIONARY lnjur j 

artistic; flrt; fat; fire; fast; get; pry; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; er; full; rule; bPt; burn; a = final; 

incoming, a. Entrant: an"trah' (of ships). 

increase. I. n. 1. Crue (/.) : kru. 2. Augmentation (/.) : 6g"- 
man'ta'er^yen'. II. r. 1. Augmenter: 6g*man*te' (to make 
larger). 2. Croitre: krwfi'^tre (to grow larger). an additional 
Increase. Une augmentation comple'mentalre: Un^6g*man*- 
ta'sl'^yen' ken'pie'man'tar'^.a. 

Incriminate, r. Incriminer: an*Tcri ff mI / 'ng / . 

Incur, v. 1. S'exposer a: seks"p6"ze / a. 2. Contractor: ken"- 
trak'tg'. incur expenditure. Engager des depenses: ah'ga'- 
36' d6 de'pans'^a. to I. a heavy responsibility. Encourir 
une lourde responsabilit6: an'ku'rlr' un lurd res'peh'sa'brirte'. 

Indeed! Vraiment! yra"mdh'. 

indemnity. Indemnity (n. /.): an"dam"nl"te'. 

indent. Demande (n. /.): dd-mdnd'^e. indents for sup- 
plies. Demandes de vivres: da-mand' da vlv'_ra. indents 
for railway transport. Demandes de transport par voie ferree: 
da-mahd' da trans'per' par vwfi faTe'. [man'. 

independently, adv. IndSpendamment: an"de*pan / 'dam''^ 

India. Lea Indes: Igz^and'^e. Indian, a. Indien (m.): 
an'dl'^yan'; indienne (/.): an'dl'^yen'^na. Indian corn. 
Mais (n. m.): ma'Is'. lndia<rubber. Caoutchouc (n. m.): ka*- 
at"shQ'. 

indication. Indication (n. /.) : an"drka*sl"^yen'. 

individual. I. a. Individuel (m.); individuelle (/.): anMl"- 
vl'du'el'. II. n. 1. Isole (m.); isolee (/.) : rz5"ie'. 2. Individu 
(m.): an'dl'vl'dii'. Individual shelter. Abri individuel: a'bri' 
aiVdl'vI'du'el'. [yel'. 

industrial, a. Industriel (m.); industrielle (/.): anMus'tn"^ 

infantry. Infanterie (n. /.): anTan'^ta-n'. infantry sol- 
dier, n. 1. Fantassin (m.): fan'tos'^san'. 2. Ploupiou (n. 
m.): pI'^Q' pI'^Q'. I. charge. Charge d'infanterle: shar'^sa 
dan'fan'^ta-n'. a regiment of 1. Un regiment d'mfanterie: 
an re'sl'mah' dan'fah'^ta-ri'. I am In the 1. Je suls de rin- 
fanterie: 33 s\vl da lan'fan'-^ta-rr. mounted 1. Infanterie 
montee: an'faii'^ta-rt' men*t6'. 

inferior, a. Inf6rieur (m.); inf6rieure (/.): an*'fe / 'ri''^,yur / . 

infirmary. Infirmerie (n. /.) : an*flr* v _ x ma-r!'. 

infirmity. Infirmitfi (.'/.): an"fir / 'ml / 'tc'. 

Inflate, v. Gonfler: gen'fle'. 

influence. Influence (/.): an*flQ*ans / . moral influences. 
i.i's Inlluences morales: lez^an'flu'ans' mo'ral'. 

inform. 1. Avertir: a*var*tlr'. 2. Informer: an"fer / 'me / . 3. 
Deposer: dg'pO'zg' (with against). Information (n.). 1. 
Information (/.): an*for*ma*8l"_.yeh'. 2. Des renseignements 
(m.r. dS ran'86'^.nya-man'. Information office. Bureau de 
renseignements: bii'rO' da ran'sg'^nya-mun'. reliable 1. Ren- 
seignements fermes (precis) : ran*s6*_nya-man' ferm (pre'sl'). 
supply 1. Fournlr des renseignements: fur*nlr / d6 ran"se"v_nya- 
man'. to give information. Renseigner (r.): ran'se'^nye'. 
to lay an i. against. Denoncer: de'noh'sf'. to publish for 1. 
Llvrer a la publlcite: UVr6' a la pii'bll'sl'te'. 

informer. DelaU-ur (n. m.): de"la"tur / . 

inhabitant, the. Inhabitant (n. m.) : la*bl"tan'. 

inherent, o. Inherent (m.): in*a*rdn'; inherente (/.): in"- 
a'raht'. 

Initial. I. n. Initiale (/.) : r'nl'sl'-^yal'. II. r. Parafcr: jx!"- 
ra'fg'. III. a. 1. Initial: i'nl'sl'^yal'. 2. Premier: pra-n 

initiate, v. Prendre 1'initiative: pran'dra ll"nrsl"^,ya"tlv' 

Initiative. Initiative (n. /.): I"nl"sr s _ya' / tlv / . to take the 
Initiative. Prendre 1'initiative: pran'^dra irnl'sr^ya'tlv'. 

injure, P. l.Endommager: an /r dom*^,ma''3e / . 2. Abimer: a"hr- 
m6'. 3. Falre m.il a: far mal a (do harm to, antmals). 4. Blesser: 
bles'^sg' (irounrf}. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 
diine; chin; go: n = sin^; Sllip; fhin; this. 



jacket A SERVICE DICTIONARY 7(> 

emistio; art; fat; faro; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
ink, ?i. De 1'cncre (/.): da lari'kra. 
inn, n. 1. Auberge (/.): 6"bar.3'. On maps, Aubge. 2. Cara- 

vans6rail (m.): ka"ra"van"sg"ru'y8. On maps, Carav. village 

Inn. Cabaret (n. m.): ka"ba"re'. On maps, Cabat. where is 

the inn? Ou est 1'auberge? u 6 15'bftrs'. 
inquiry, n. Investigation (n. /.): an"vgs"tl"ga"si"^yen'. 

inquiry office. 1. Bureau de renseignements: bii"r6' da ran*- 

se"'^nya-man'. 2. Bureau d'adreases: bii"r5' da'dres'. 
insensibility, n. Insensibility (/.) : an"san"sl"bl"ll"te / . 
inside, n. 1. A I'interieur: a lan'^e'^r'^yur'. 2. Audedans 

de: 6 da-dan' da. 

insignia, n. pi. Insignes (m.) : an"sl'^,nya. 
inspection, n. Inspection (/.) : an'spelra^yen'. 
instance, n. Occasion (/.) : ek"^ka w zI" N- ,yeh'. for instance. 

Par exemple: par eg"zah'^pla. 

instead, adv. A sa place: a sa plas; a la place: a la plas. in- 
stead of. Au lieu de: o H"^_yu' da. 
instruction, n. 1. Instruction (/.): an"struk w si" s _yen / 2. 

Ordre (m.): er'^dra. -awaiting i. En attendant des ordres: 

an af^tarTdan' dez"^er'_dra. 

instrument. Instrument (n. m.): an"stru"man'. 
insulator. Isolateur (n. m.): I"z6"la"tur'. 
insure, v. 1. S' assurer que: sas"^,sii"re' ka. 2. Tenir la main a: 

ta-nlr' la man a. to insure order. Assurer 1'ordre: as'^sii're' 

ler'^,dra. 
intelligence, n. Renseignements (m. pi.) : ran"se" v _,nya-mdn'. 

intelligence department, or service. Service des ren- 

seignemeuts: sar"vls' de ran"se*^nya-mdn'. i. personnel. Le 

personnel du service des renseignements: la per"sen*^^nel' dii 

sfir"vls' de ran"se"^ny3-man'. 
intend, v. a. Avoir 1'intention de: a^vwar' lan"tan"sl"v^yen' 

da. 

intention. Intention (n. /.) : an"tan"sr'^yen'. 
intercept, v. Intercepted an"tar"sep"te / . 
intercommunication, n. Communications r6ciproques (/.) : 

kem"^mii*ni"ka'sr^,yoii' re"srprOk'. 

interfere, v. Intervenir: ah"tar"^v8^nir'. i. with the op- 
erations. Intervenir dans les operations: an"tar"s^va-nlr' dan 

lez^o'pe'ra'si'^yen'. 

interference. Intervention (n. /.) : an"tar w van"sl / '^yen'. 
intern. I. n. Interne (?n.): an" tarn'. II. v. Interner: ah"- 

tar"ne'. all enemy aliens should be interned. Tous les 

e i rangers ennemis doivent etre internes: tu lez^e'tran'se' en"^, 

na-ml' dwav^tat'^ra antfir"n6'. 
interpose, v. S'intercaler: san"tar"ka"le' (place between, as 

columns). 

interpret, v. Interpreter: an"tar"pre' 1 'te / . 
interpreter. Interprete (n. m.): an"tar"prat'. 
intersect, v. Entrecoupor: an"^_,tra-ku"pe'; croiser: krwa"ze'. 
interval. Intervalle (n. m.): ah"tar"vdl'. at intervals. Par 

Intervalles: par an"tar"vai'. 
interview, n. 1. L'entrevue (/.) : lan'^tra-vii'. 2. Interview: 

an 'tar"vr^yu' (Journalism) . 

intrench, v. Faire des tranches: far de tran"sTie'. 
intrenched. Retranch6: ra-trah"she'. 
intrenching tools. Outils de retranchement (m.) : u"t!' ds 

ra-tran* ^ slia-mdh' . 

intrenchment. Retranchement: ra-tran^sTia-mdn'. 
intricate, a. 1. EmbroiiiHe" (m.) ; embroui!16e (/.) : ah"bru"^ 

r_y6'. 2. Complique (m.); compllquee (/.): ken'plTke'. 
invade, v. Envahir: an"va"Ir'. 

invader. Envahisseur (n. m.): qn^va^is^sur'. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; eili iu = feud; 
diine; Cliin; go; g = sing; ^hip; fhin; this. 



77 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; fir; full; rule; bat; born; a = final; 

invalid. I. n. Malade (m.): ma"lud'. II. v. Reformer: r"- 
fdr*me' (discharge). 

invalided, pa. En reformer an re^ferm'. i. with full allow- 
ance. Reform^ avec gratification: r6"fer*m6' a"vek' gra'trfTka"- 
sr^yoh'. 1. without allowance. Reforme sans gratification: 
re*for*mS' soft gra"ti*frka"sr_yen'. 

invest, r. 1. Bloquer: blo"ke'. 2. Investir: an"ves"tir'. in- 
vestigation of claims. Enquete sur les reclamations: an'kat' 
sur 16 re'kla'ma'sl'^yen'. 

investment, n. 1. Investissement (n. m.): an"ves"t!s"v_sa- 
indn' (by a military force). 2. Placement (m.): plas'man' (of 
money). 

invisible, a. Invisible (m. & /.) : an"vf" z i'^bla. invisibility. 
L'invisibilite (n. /.): lan"vrz!"brirte'. invisibility of works. 
L'invisibilite des ouvrages: la4*vrn*TTte' dez_,uv"ra3'. 

involve, v. Impliquer: an"pll"ke'. to involve the risk. 
Faire courir le risque: far kvT'rlr' la risk. 

irascible, a. Irascible (m. & /.) : l"ra"sl'bla. 

Ireland. Irlande (./.): Ireland'. the Irish. Les Irlandais: 
lez_!r*lah"da'. an Irishman. Un Irlandais: an_Ir"larrda'. 

iron. Fer (. m.) : far. corrugated iron. Tole ondulee (/.) : 
tOl en'du'le'. I. Cross. Croix de fer (/.): krwa da far. i. fac- 
tory. Same as IRONWORKS, see below. i. grate, i. grating. 
Grille (n. /.) : grl'ya. 

ironmonger. Quincaillier (n. m.) : kan'ka'ye'. 

Ironworks. Forge (n. f.) : fers. 

irregular, a. Irregulier (m.): lr"^re"gu"li"ye'; irreguliere (/.): 
Ir"^,regu*iryar'. 

urespective, a. Sans Sgard a: sdnz^e"gdrt's_a. 

irrigation. Irrigation (n. /.): Ir"rl"ga"sl"^yen / . On maps, 
iTTig. 

is, . Est: e. is it? Est*il? et^il. is he? Estil? et^il. 
he Is. JO est: Il_e. is there? Y a-til? I d til. 

island, lie (n. /.) : 11. On maps, /. 

isolated, a. Isole (m.); iso!6e (/.): i"z5"le'. 

issue. I. n. 1. Debouche (m.) : de"bu"slie' (outlet). 2. D6- 
nouement (m.): de'nQ'mah' (denouement, etc.). 3. Distribution 
(/.): dls'trt'bu'sl'^yen' (distribution). II. v. 1. Donner: den"_ 
n6' (give). 2. Emettre: e*met'^,tra. issue an order. Donner 
un ordre: den'^ne' ah^er'^dra. i. for service. Mise en 
service: Mlz^aii sar*vls'. register of Issues. Registre des 
distributions (n. m.) : ra-gls'^tra de dls'trrbii'sr^yen'. 

it, pron. 1. II: II (nominative). 2. Le: la (objective). 3. Cela: 
sa-la'. It Is. C'est: s6. 

Italy. Italic (n. /.): i"ta"ll'. Italian, a. & n. (m. & /.). 
Italien (m.): rta'ir^yah'; italienne (/.): rta'ir^yen'^na. 

itch. I. n. 1. D6mangeaison (/.): de"mah"3a"zen'. 2. Gale 
(/.): gal (disease). II. v. 1. Avoir des demangeaisons: a'vwar' de 
de*man"3a''zen'. 2. Demanger: de'man'se'. 

itself, pron. Soimeme (m.): swa mam. 



jack. Cric (n. m.): kri (for lifting). jack 'boots, n. pi. 
Bottes a genouilleres (/.): bet a sa-nQ'yftr'. 

Jack Johnson. A 17-inch German shell. J. 'knife. Cou- 
teau reglementaire: kQ'tO' rg'^gla-man'tar'. 

jacket, n. 1. Veste (/.) : vest'^a. 2. Jaquette (/.): 3a"ket'_ta. 
field service jacket. Vareuse d'ordonnance (/.): ya'ruz' 
dr*don*_naiis'. metal J. Manchon metallique: man'shou' 
rng'tal'llk'. service J. Vareuse (n. /.): va'ruz'. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; ifl = f<d; 

dline; dhin; go; = sin0; sllip; fhin; tJii- 



kookenette A SERVICE DICTIONARY 7s 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

Jail. Prison (n. /.) : pri"zon'. 

jam. I. n. Confiture (n. /.): ken"fi"tur'. II. v. Enrayer: an"- 
r&"y6' (said of cartridges). See SEIZING. jamming, a. En- 
rayage: an"ra"^ya'w3a. 

January. Janvier (n. m.): 3an"vl / '^,ye''. 

Japan. Japon (n. m.): 3a"pen'. Japanese, a. Japonais 
(m.): 3a"pe*^ne'; japonaise {/.): ga'po'^naz'^a. 

jaw. Machoire (n. /.) : masTi'Var'. 

jealous, a. Jaloux (m.): 3a"lu'; jalouse (/.): 5a"liis'^a. 

jetty. Jetde (n. /.): sa-te'. 

Job. Travail (n. m.): tra"vai'. to have an easy job. 
Avoir beau jeu: av"war' b<5 30. 

Joffre, Joseph J. C., sef'^fra. Marshal of France. 

Join, v. 1. Reunir: re"u"mr'. 3. Rallier: ral"^ll"_yo'. :*. 
Rejoindre: ra-swan'dra. Joined up, pa. Enrole (;.): ari"ro"16'. 
joiner. Menuisier (n. m.): ma^uwTzr^ye'. joining, a. 
Continu (TO.) : continue (/.): ken'trnu'. joint, n. 1. Adjoint 
(. TO.): a'gwftn' (associate). 2. Joint (TO.): swan. 3. Joint-ire 
(/.) : 3wah"tiir'. 4. Roti (TO.): ro"tl' (of meat). universal joint. 
1. Joint universel: 3waht^u"'nrvar".sel'. 2. Joint de Cardan: 
3\vant da kar'dan'. 

joist. Solive (n. /.) : sol"iv'^a. 

jolly, a. Gai (m.); gaie (/.): ga. 

journey. Voyage (n. m.): vwa"ya3'^9. the end of a jour- 
ney. La nn d'un voyage: la fan dan vwa"ya3'_a. it is a long 
j. C'est un long voyage: set^an len wva"yd3',_,a. it is a short 
J. C'est peu de distance: s6 pu da dls"tans / ^a. 

Joy. Joie (n. /.) : 3wd. 

judge. I. n. Juge (m.): 3113. II. v. 1. Juger: 3u"3e'. 2. Ex- 
aminer: eg"za"ral"ne'. Judge Advocate General's Office 
(J. A. G.). Service judiciaire: sar'vls' su'drsr^yar'^a. to j. 
distance. Apprecier la distance: ap"^pre"sl"_ye' la dls'tahs'^,8. 

jug. Cruche (n. /.) : kriisli. jug of milk. Pot de lait: pot da 
la. 

July. Juillet (n. m.) : 3wi"_.ye'. the Fourteenth of July. 
Le quatorze Juillet: la ka"ter'^za swl'^ye' (French national 
holiday). the Fourth of July. Le quatre Juillet: la kat'ra 
swe'^yg' (United States national holiday). 

jumper. Barre a mine (n. /.): bar^a mm (miningdrill) . 

jump in, jump up. Monter (.): merV'te'. 

junction, ?i. 1. Jonction (/.): 3enk"sl"^ r ,yon / . 2. Union (/.): 
u"nl"^yeh'. 3. I<:mbranchement (m.): ai'^bran'^sTia-mun'. 4. 
croisement (m.): krwa"^,za-man' (of roads). 5. Bifurcation (/.): 
brfur"ka"sl"yoh'. to effect a junction. Operer une Jonction: 
o"pe'rer' iin sonk'sl'^yen'. 

June. Juin (n. m.) : 5ii"^an'. 

jungle. Jungle (n. /.): sen'^gla. 

just, a. Juste (m. &/.): sus'^to. justice. Justice (n. /.): 
3iis'tLs'^a. department of military justice. Departement 
de la Justice Militaire: de'par^ta-man' da la 3iis"tis' mi"H"tar'^8. 



K 

keep, v. 1. Carder: gar"de'. 2. Retenir: ra-ta-nir'. to keep 
a force in reserve. Conserver une troupe en main: kon"sar"v6' 
un trap an man. to k. aloft. Tcnir 1'air: ta-nlr' lar (used of 
aeroplanes). to k. at bay. Tenir en echec: ta-nlr* an^.e"shek'. 
k. away from. Se tenir loin do: so ta-nlr' hvari da. k. clear. 
Laisser libre: las'^se' H'^bra. k. In communication. Se 
tenir en communication: sa ta-nlr' ah kem"^mu"nrka"sr_ 
yon'. to k. Informed of. Tenir au courant de: ta-nIi-^5 ka'- 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iu = feud; 

diino; cTlin; go; i) = sing; Sllip; fhin; Hiis. 



79 A SERVICE DICTIONARY kooke ne J tt" 

artistic; art; fat; fire; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; or; full; rflle; but; burn; a = final; 
ran' da. keep off, v. Ecarter: 6'kar*t6'. k. off! Au large: 
lars'^a. k. quiet! Restez tranquille: res'16' tran'kll'. 
k. a sharp lookout. Surveiller avec soiu: sUrva'^yS' fl'vek' 
swan. k. straight on. Continuez tout droit: ken'trnii'^ye' 
td drwci. k. In touch with. Etre en liaison avec: a'tra an 
ir_ya"zen'^a'vek'. to k. under observation. Surveiller: 
sur*va'y6'. k. up a brisk fire. Entretenlr un feu nourri: 
an'^tra-ta-nlr' ah fu nQr*^,rt'. k. up to date. Tenir a jour: 
ta-nlr* a sQr. k. up with. Marcher a la meme allure: mar*- 
sTig' a la mam aT v liir'_a. 

kepi. K6pi (n. m.): ke"pi' (French soldier's cap). 

Kerke, kerk, n. [D. & Fl.]. Eglise (/.): e'gliz' (church}. 

kettle, n. 1. Bouilloire (/.) : bu"_I"^wdr'. 2. Marmite (/.) : 
mor*mlt'^a. camp kettle. Marmite de campement: mor*mlt' 
da kah*s_,pa.^mdn'. Compare MARMITE. 

key, n. 1. Clef (n. /.) : kla. 2. Manipulateur (TO.) : ma"nr- 
pii'la'tur' (telegraphkey) . 

khaki. Kaki (n. m.) : ka"kl'. 

kick. I. . 1. Coup de pied (TO.) : ku da p!"_ye' (of persons) . 
2. Ruade (/.): rii'ad'^a (of animals). II. v. Ruer: rii'^e'. 

kidney. Rognon (n. m.): ren"^,yen'. 

kill, r Tuer: tii ff e'. killed, pa. Tue (TO.); tuee (/.): tu"e'. 
killed outright. Tue raide: tii*6' rad. 

kiln. Fourneau (n. TO.) : fur"ne'. On maps, Fneau. 

kilogram. Kilogramme (n. TO.): ki"lo"gram'_ma (2.15 Ibs.). 
kilometre. Kilometre (n. TO.): kl'lo*mat'^,ra (*/ mile). 

kind, n. 1. Espece (/.): es'pas'^a. 2. Sorte (/.): ser'^ta. 
in kind. En nature: an na'tiir 7 . you are very k. Vous ets 
tres gentil: vQz^at tr6 san'tl'. 

king. Roi (n. TO.): rwd. 

kit, n. 1. Effets (TO. pi.): ef^fe'. 2. Equipement (TO.): 
6'klp'man'. 3. Paquetage (TO.) : pa*_ka-ta3'. kit bag. Havre- 
sac (n. m.) : ha'^vra-sdk'. horse*kit. Effets de pansage: ef^fe' 
da pan'sas'^a. personal kit. Objets personnels (TO. pi.) : eb'se' 
par'sen'^nel'. 

kitchen. Cuisine (n. /.): kwi^zm'^a. field *kitchen. 
Cuisine: kwrzln'^a. traveling field >k. Cuisine roulantc: 
k\M"zIn'^,a rQ'laht'^a. k. garden. Jardln potager: 3ar*dan' 
po*ta*35'. k. utensils. Ustensiles de cuisine (TO.): iis'tan'sll' 
da k\vl'zln'^,a. 

kite. Cerf-volant (n. TO.): sarf vo"ldh'. 

knapsack, n. 1. Sac (TO.) : sdk. 2. Havresac (n. m.) : ha'^vro- 
sak'. 

knee. Genou (n. TO.): sa-nu'. kneel, v. Semettre a genoux: 
sa met'^tra a sa-nQ'. kneel (imveralive) . A genoux: a sa^rtQ'. 

knife, n. 1. Couteau (m.): ku"to' (table). 2. Canif (nt.): 
kd'nlf (pen). k., fork and spoon. Couvert (m.): ku'var*. 

knight. Chevalier (n. TO.): sTia-va"lI"_ye'. a Knight of 
the Legion of Honor. Chevalier de la Legion d'honneur: 
Sha-va"ir^.ye' da la 16*3l*~yon' den'^.nur'. 

knoll, n. 1. Mamelon (n. TO.): ma"^,ma-len'. 2. Tau- 
piniere (/.): to'pPnl'^yfir'. 

knot, n. 1. Noeud (TO.) : nu. 2. Aiguillette (/.) : e"gwl*_yet'^ 
te (shoulder-knot). 

know, v. l.Connaitre:ken"_na'_tra. 2.Savoir:sav > 'war'. do 
you know? 1. Savezvous: sa'vg* vQ. 2. Connaissezvous? 
ken'^nas'^sg' vQ. I do not k. exactly. Je ne sals pas ex- 
actement: sa na sa paz_efj*zak*_ta-man'. knowledge. Savoir 
(n. m.): sa'vwcir'. technical knowledge. Connaissance tech- 
nique: kon*_nas*^sans'^a tak'nlk'^a. 

knuckle 'duster. Same as FRENCH BAYONET (soldiers' slang). 

kookenette. Lampe a alcool (n. /.): lanp^a arkel' (camp 
cooker) 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; eiT; iu = fetid; 

diinp; Cllin; go; = sinp; sTlip; thin; this. 



Legion A SERVICE DICTIONARY 80 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

L 

label. Etiquette (/.) : e'tTket'. 

labor. Travail (TO.): tra"vai'. labor corps. Corps d'ou- 
vriers civils (m.): kor du'vrr^yg' sl'vll'. 1. gangs. Equipes 
d'ouvriers: g"klp' duvri"_yg'. 

laboratory. Laboratoire (n. TO.) : la"be"ra"twar'. 

lack. I. n. 1. Manque (TO.): monk. 2. D6faut (TO.): de"f6' 
(defect). 3. Besoin (;.): ba-z*van' (need). If. v. 1. Manquer: 
mah'ke'. 2. Avoir besoin de: av"war' ba-zwan' da (need). 

lad. Garcon (n. TO.): garden'. 

ladder. chelle (n. /.): e"shel'^,a. collapsible ladder. 
Echelle observatoire: g'shel'^a ob"zar"va"twor'. scaling 1. 
Echelle de siege: g'sliel' da sl^,a3'. 

ladle. Louche (n./.): lush. 

lady. Dame (n. /.) : dam. 

lagoon. Lagune (n. /.) : la"giin'. ["permit to pass." 

laissezspasser (n. m.): las'^se' pas"x^se'. A pass; literally, 

lake. Lac (n. m.) : lak. 

lamb, n. Agneau (TO.): a"nyo'. Shorn lamb. Brebis 
tondue (/.): bra-bi' teh"du'. 

lame, a. & n. Boiteux (TO.): bwa"tu'; boiteuse (/.): bwa"tuz'. 

lamp. Lampe (n. /.) : larip. lamp 'bracket. Porte^lanterne 
(n. m.): pert*lan"tarn'. 

lance. Lance (n. /.): lens. lance ^bucket. Porte*lance 
(re. TO.): port'lans'. l.scorporal., 1. Soldat de premiere classe: 
sol"da' d9 pra-nii*^,yar' klas. 2. Eleve caporal: el"av' ka*pe"ral'. 
lancer. Lancier (n. m.): lan'sr^ye'. lancet. Lancette 
(n. /.) : lan'set'. 

land. I. n. 1. Terre (/.): tar (earth). 2. Pays (TO.): pa"^yl' 
(country). If. v. Debarquer: de'bar'ke'. landsfront. Front 
de terre (n. m.): fren da tar. the 1. of death. Pays de mort: 
pa'-^jT da mer (French name for "No Man's Land"). the 1. of 
the woods. Le pays des bois: la pa*s_yl' de bwa. 

landing. Debarquement (n. m.): de"bar"^ka-man'. at- 
tempted landings. Tentatives de debarquement: tah*ta"tlv' 
da de'bar'^ka-man'. landing appliances. Appareil de de- 
barquement: ap*^pa"re'^ya da de w bar"^ka-man'. 1. car- 
riage. Chariot d'atterrissage: sliarTo' dat"^tar*^,rls"^.sa3' (of 
an avion). 1. chassis. Chassis d'atterrissage: slios'^sl' dat"^, 
tar'^rls'^sas' (of an avion). 1. ground. Terrain d'atterrissage: 
tar"ran' daf^.tar'^rts'^sas' (ire aviation). 1. place. Debar- 
cadere (TO.) : de"bar"ka"dar'. l.ssheet, n. Drap d'atterrissage: dra 
dat"^,tar"^rls*^sa3'. l.stage, n. 1. Appontement (m.): ap"_ 
pen"^t!)-man' (gangway). 2. Debarcadere (/.): d6bar*ka"dar'. 

landmark, n. 1. Borne (/.): born. 2. Point de repere: pwan da 
re-par 7 . 

language, n. 1. Langue (/.): lan'_ga. 2. Langage (TO.): 
Ian"gci3'_a (tone: matter of conversation). 

lantern. Lanterne (n. /.): Ian" tarn'. lantern jaw. 1. 
Mnchoire erartee: ma'shwar* e*kar*te'. 2. Joue creuse: 3Q kruz. 

lanyard. Tire*feu (n. TO.): tlr"fu'. 

larch. M61ze (n. TO): me"laz'^a. 

large, a. 1. Grand (TO.) : gran; grande (/.) : grandma. On maps, 
Grd., Grde. 2. Large (m. &/.) : lar'^sa. it Is not large enough. 
Ce n'est pas assez grand: sa ng paz^-os'^sg' gran. it Is too 1. 
C'est trop grand: sc tro grriri. 

lash, v. Amarrer: a'^aV'^re'. lashing. Amarre (n. /.): 



. 
last. Dernier (TO.) : dar"nl"_ye'; derniere (/.) : 

last post. Ronnerie funebre (/.): sen"_na-rt' fu*na'-_bra. 1. 

week. La semaine derniere: \a sa-man'^a dar^ni'yar'^a. 
i = habit; aisle; an = out; ell; iu = ieud; 
diine; cliin; go; n = sing; Sliip; Chin; this. 



81 A SERVICE DICTIONARY ijghm 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 

obey; g5; net; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; 9 = final; 

late, a. & adv. Tard (m.): tdr; tarde (/.) : tdr'^da. at the 
latest. Au plus tard: plii tar. to be I. Etre en retard: a'^tre 
an ra-tar'. to get late. Se faire tard: so far tar. 

lath, n. 1. Latte (/.): lat'^-ta. 2. Lattis (m.): lat'^tl' (lath- 

latrine, la"trln', n. [Fr.] 1. A privy; water-closet. 2. Feuilleea 
(n. f. pi.): fu'^ryg' (pit dug near a bivouac to serve as a latrine). 

laugh. I. n. 1. Rire (m.) : rir. 2. Ris (m.) : n. II. r. Hire: rlr. 

launch. I. n. f. Chaloupe: sha"lup'^a. II. v. 1. Lancer: 
Ians6'. 2. Mettre a 1'eau: mat'^tra a 15. to launch an attack. 
Declencher une attaque: dC"klan"^h6' un^at*_tak'. launch- 
ing. Lancement (n. m.) : Ian* v_sa-man' . 

laundry, n. 1. Blanchisserie (/.): blan"sTiis / '^se-rI / . 2. 
Buanderie (f.) : bu"an^,da-rl'. 

law. Loi (n. /.): Iwd. international law. Droit interna- 
tional: drwa an*tar*na*sr^,yen'al'. martial law. 1. Loi 
martlale: Iwa mar"sl*dl'. 2. Etat dc siege: e'ta' de sl'es'. law- 
ful, a. Legal (m.) ; legate (/.): le'gdl'. 

lay, v. Mettre: met'^tra. to lay aside. Mettre de cot6: 
met'^tra da kO'te'. lay down. 1. Mettre bas: met'^tra ba. 2. 
Deposer: de'po'ze' (said of ueapons). 3. Specifier: spe"srfi"e' 
(instructing) 4. Designer: de'zr^nyg' (plans). to lay out a 
camp. Etablir un camp: e'tab'llf an kan. to lay the dust. 
Abattre la poussiere: a'^bat'^tra la pus'^sr^yar'^a. 

laying. Pointage (n.m.): pwah'tas' (aiming). laying for direc- 
tion. Pointage en direction: pwan'tos'^an dlr*ek*sl*^,yen'. 
laying for elevation. Pointage en hauteur: 
ho'tur'. indirect laying. Pointage indirect: 
dlrekt'. 

lazy, a. Paresseux (m.): par"es"^su'; paresseuse (/.): 

lead. I. n. 1. Plomb (m.): plen (metal). 2. Conduite (/.): 
keh"d\\-It'^.a (advance) . II. v. 1. Ouvrir la marche: u"vrir / la 
marsli'^a (start). 2. Mener: ma-n5' (as a prisoner, horse, etc.). 
3. Conduire: ken'dwl'^ra (direct). to lead Into ambush. 
Attlrer dans une embuscade: af^trrg' danz^,un v ^an"bus*kad'^,a. 

leader. Chef (n. m.) : slief . leading. Conduite (re./.): ken* dwlt'^a. 

leading, a. Premier (m.) : pra-ml^ye' ; premiere (/.) : pra-ml" 
yai". 

lean, a. Maigre (TO. & /.) : ma'^gra (of the body in identifica- 
tion). to lean on. S'appuyer sur: sap / '_p\vi*^,ye' siir. 

learn, v. Apprendre: ap"^,p' 

leather. Cuir (n. m.): kwlr. 

leave. I. n. 1. Cong6 (m.) : ken^e'. 2. Permission (/.) : par"- 
mls'^sr^yen'. II. v. Laisser: las'^sg'. leave on full pay. Per- 
mission avec solde entiere: pSr^mls'^sr^yon' a'vek' sold an'tl*^, 
yar'^a. sick 1. Conge de convalescence: ken'se' da kon'va*- 
les'^sans'. to go on leave. Aller en permission: ar^,le' an 
par*mls'^sl'^,yen'. to I. the ranks. Quitter les rangs: klt_ 
t6' 16 run. 

leaves. Feuilles (n. f. pi.): fo'^ya. 

ledge. Liteau (n. m.) : ITto'. 

left. I. n. Gauche (/.): go'^slia. II. a. Gauche (m. & /.): 
g6'^s~ha. left turn. Par file a gauche: par fll_a g8'^^ha. 1. 
wheel. A gauche: a gO'^slia. to the 1., on the 1. 1. A gauche: 
a gO'^slia. 2. A la gauche: a la g5'_slia. 

leg. Jambe (n./.):3an'^ba. in the 1. A la jambe: a la 
3an'^,ba. fore legs. Membres anterieurs: mfin'^bra^an'te"- 
rt*s_yur'. hind legs. Membres posterieurs: mah'^bra pos'- 
trt^yur / . legdrons. Barre de justice: bar da 3us"tls' (natal 
?/.ff). leg of mutton. Gigot (n.m.): sl'gO'. 

leggings, n. 1. Jambieres (/. pi.) : 3ari"bl"^yar'^a. 2. Molle- 
tieres (/. pi.): mol'^la-tr^yar'^a. [den'^nur'. 

Legion of Honor. Legion d'honneur (n. /.): le^I^yeh 7 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; IQ = feud; 

dune; Cliin; go; g = sin^; tfhip; fliin; this. 



Hv I id m A SERVICE DICTIONARY 82 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

lemon. Citron (n. m.): s!"tren'. lemoii squash. 1. Citron 
frappg (m.) : srtreiV frap'^pe'. 2. Citronnade (/.) : srtren'nad'^e. 

lend, v. Preter: pr5"t'. to lend Itself. Se preter: ea 
pr9"tg'. 1. me. Prgtez-mol: pr6*t6' mwa. 

length. Longueur (n. /.): len"gur'. horse length. Lon- 
gueur de cneval: len'gur' da slia-val' (8 feet). 

lens. Lentille (n. /.) : lan"ti'^ya. 

less, adv. Moins: mwan. 

let. 1. Laisser: las'^se'. 2. Permettre: par"met / >- ,tra. 3. 
Louer: lu"^e' (rent a house). let go! Lachez*tout! la"he' 
tu. let us go. See GO. 

letter. Lettre (n. /.): let\_tra. are there any letters for 
me? Y at-ll des lettres pour moi: I^ya til de let'^tre pQr mwa. 
I must write a letter. II faut que j'ecrive une lettre: II f5 ka 
35'krT^va tin let'^tra. registered 1. Lettre recommandee: 
let'v_tra ra-kem'^man'dS'. what is the postage on a letter 
for the United States? Quel est le port d'une lettre aux 
Etats Unls: kel e la per dun let'^tra Oz^S'taz'^ii'nl'. 

lettuce. Laitue (n. /.): la"tu'. 

level. I. a. figal (m.): Egale (/.): e"gdl' (equal). get the 
level. Prenez le niveau: pra-n5' la nl'vS'. II. n. Niveau (m.): 
nl'vO'. on a 1. with. Au niveau de: 6 nTv5' da. spirit I. 
Niveau (m.) : nl'vO'. sea 1. See under SEA. to level or place 
on a 1. Mettre de niveau: met'^tra da nl*v5'. water 1. 
Niveau des eaux: nl'vS' dez'_5. 

lever. Levier (n. m.) : la-vi^ye'. control lever. 1. Palon- 
nler (n. m.) : pq"lon"^nl*^y6'. 2. Levier de commande: la-vF^ye' 
da kom'^mond'. 

levy, v. Lever: la- ve'. levy of money. Contribution en 
argent: k5n*trrbiisr^yon' an^ar"3on'. 

liable. Sujet a: su w 3e' a. 

liar. Menteur (n. m.) : man"tur'. 

liberty. Libert^ (n. /.): ll"ber"te'. Liberty, equality, fra- 
ternity: Liberte, egalite, fraternlte: H'barte', 6ga*irte', Jra'- 
tar*nl*te' (motto of the French Republic'). liberty to manoeuvre. 
Liberte de manoeuvre: li"ber"te' da ma'nu'^vra. 

licence, n. 1. Licence (/.): Hasans'. 2. Autorisation (/.): 6"- 
to'rt'za'sl* -_yen' . 

lie. I. n. 1. Mensonge (m.): maiVsor^'. 2. Configuration (/.): 
kon'HTgft'rcrVF's^yeii' (of the country) . II. r. 1. Mentir: man*- 
tlr 7 . lie down. 1. S'etendre: se'tan'^dra. 2. Se coucher: sa 
ku'She'. 3. (Imper.) Couchezvous: kQ'ghg' vfl. lie of the 
ground. Configuration du terrain: ken'fl'gii'ra'sr^yeh' dii 
tar*ran'. 

lieutenant. Lieutenant (n. m.) : ll^yu^ta-ndn'. lieuteii- 
ant scolonol. Lleutenant*colonel(n.7.): ir^yu'^ta-nan'kel'e 'nel'. 

life. Vie (n./.): vl. 

lift, v. 1. Lever: la-ve'. 2. Hausser: hos"^3e'. lift him 
gently. Haussczle doucement: hOs'^sg' la dQs'mfih' lifting 
power. Pouvolr ascenslonnel: pa'vwor' os'^.san'sr^.yen'^nel'. 

light. I. a. 1. Clair (m.), claire (/.): klar (dear; bright of hair). 
2. Leger (m.): 16' 3 6'; legere (/.): le'sar'^a (tn weight). II. n. 1. 
Lumlere (/.): lu'mr^yai-'^a. 2. Clarte (/.): klar*te'. 3. Feu de 
navlre: fu da na"vlr'_a (of a ship). III. v. 1. Allumer: al'^lu*- 
me'. 2. Eclalrer: e'kla're'. floating light. 1. Feu flottant 
(m.): tu flet'^tan'. 2. Feu sur bouee (?.): fu siir bQ^,g'. 1. 
Infantry. Infanterle legere (/.): an'fah'^ta-n' le'sar'^a. 1.* 
pistol. Lancefusee (ra. /.) : lans* fii'ze' (a device used for signal- 
ing). lights out. Extinction des feux (/.): eks'tank'sr^yen' 
de f u (Tetlring*tlme in barracks) . 

lighter, n. 1. Allege (f.) al'^ias ~8. 2. Gabare (/.): ga'bflr'^a. 
lighterman. Marlnler (n. m.): ma'rl'nl'^yg'. pilot. See 
under PILOT. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 10 = feud; 

dline; cTiin; go; = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



83 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; firt; fat; fire; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey: gO; net; fir; full; rOle; but; burn; a = final; 

lighthouse. Phare (n. m.) : iar'^.&. 

lightning, n. 1. ficlair (n. m.): 5"klar'^e. 2. Toudre (n. /.): 
fQ'^dra. lightning ^arrester, 1. 'Conductor. 1. Paratonnerre 
(m.) : pa'ra'ten'^nar'^a. 2. Parafouclre (/.): pa*ra"fu',^dra. 

like. I/a. 1. Semblable (m. & /.) : san"bla'^bla. 2. Pareil 
(m.), pareille (/.): pa"ra'_ya. II. ado. Comme: kom'^ma. III. p. 
Aimer: a'mS'. Compare LOVE. [de: dan la ka da. 

likely, adv. Probable: pro'ba'^bla. likely to. Dans le cas 

limb. Membre (n. m.): mdn'^bra. 

limber. Avanttrain (n. m.) : a"vdn / tran (forward part of a gun' 
carriage}. liinber<up (v.): Amener les avanttruins: a'-^ma-ne' 
iez_a'van' tran. l.<box. Coffre de 1'avant-train: kef'^fra da 
la'van' tran. 

limit. I. n. 1. Limite (/.): ITmlt'^a. 2. Terme (m.): tar'mo. 
II. r. Limlter: H'niTiG'. 

limousine. Limousine (n. /.) : li"mu"sin'^9. 

limping, a. Boiteux (m.): bwa"tu'; boiteuse (/.): bwa"tuz'^a 
(a mark of identification). 

linden. Tilleul (n. m.): ti^yul'. 

line. Ligne (n. /.): li'^nya. blocked line. Ligne bloque'e: 
Il'^nya We'ke'. clear 1. Ligne libre: H'^nya H'^bra. county 
1. Limite d'arrondissement: ll"ml'^ta dur*^ren"dls*^,sa-man'. 
crest 1. Ligne de crete: H'^nya de krat'^.a. department I. 
Limite de departement: IFmlt' da de"par"s^ta-man'. first 1. 1. 
Premiere position: pra-ml"^yar / po"zrsr^.yen'. 2. Premiere 
ligue: pra-mr^.yar' ll'^nya. in 1. of company columns. En 
llgne de colonnes de compagnle: an U'^nya da ke"len' da ken'pa*^ 
nl'. 1. of advance. Llgne de marche: U'^nya da mar'^sha. 
1. of communication. Llgne de communication: 11'^.nya da 
kem*^mu*nl"ka''sr^yen'. 1. of defense. Llgne de defense: 
H'^nya da de'faiis'^a. 1. of flight. Llgne de vol: ll'^nya da 
vOl. 1. of resistance. Ligne de resistance: H'^nya da re'zls"- 
tans'^.a. 1. of retreat. Llgne de retraite: ll'^nya da ra-trat'. 
on the front 1. En premiere ligne: an pra-mr_yar' H'^nya. 
side I. Point cote: pwan k6"te'. state 1. Limit d'etat: irmit' 
d6*tfi'. to man, to strengthen the 1. Garuir la ligne de feu: 
gar'nlr' la U'^nya da fu. township I. Limite de canton: ll'mlt' 
da kan'toh'. trench 1. Ligne de tranchees: ll'^nya da tran"sh6'. 
village 1. Limite de commune: ITrnlt'^a da kem"miin'^a 

linen. Linge (n. m.): l 

link. Maillon (n. m.): 

lint. Charpie (n. /.) : 

lips, n. Levrea (/. pi): la'^vra. protruding, thick lips. 
Levres epaisses: la'vraz^e'pfis'^sa (used in identification). 
pursed 1. Levres pincees: la'^vra pah'se' (used in identifica- 
tion). thliKlipped. A levres minces: a la'vra man'^sa (used 
in identification). 

liquid fire. Ptrole enflamm6: ixi^trol' ai'^flam'^me'. 

list, n. 1. Liste (/.) : lis'^ta. 2. Role (m.) : rol'^a. billeting* 
list. Etat de cantonnement (m.) : 6'ta' da kan"ten'^,na-inah'. 

listen, v. ficouter: e"ku"te'. listen! ficoutoz! e"ku"tf-'. 
listening post. Poste d'ecoute (n. /.): post de'kQt'^a (post 
where soldiers arc detailed to listen for mining*operations, etc., or 
the men detailed to this duty). 

liter. Litre (n. m.): ll'^tra ( 9 /io quart). 

litter. 1. Brancard (n. m,): bran'kdr'. 2. Litidre (n. /.): 
IH'yar' (of a stable). 

little, a. Petit (m.): pa-tl'; petite (/.): pa-tlt'^a. a little, 
adv. Un peu: aft pu. little by little. Peu a peu: pu a pQ. 

live, v. 1. Demeurer: da-mu^re' (dwell). 2. Habiter: ^bl'te' 
(inhabit) . 3. Vivre: vl'^vra (exist). 

liver. Foie (n. m.): fwa. 

livid, a. Livide (m. & /.): IrMd'^a (a mark of identification). 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = fewd; 

cliine; cliin; go; n s= sin0; flup; fhin; thi*. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 84 

fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; g6; not; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = 6nal; 



load. I. n. Cnarge (/.): shdr'^a. II. v. a. Charger: sTiar"3e'. 
loaf. I. n. Pain (m.) : pan (of bread). II. v. 1. Flaner: fla'nS'. 

2. Vagabonds: va"ga"bon"de'. 
loafer. Vagabond (n. m.): va*gafba&'. 
lobster. Homard (n. m.): ho"mdr'. 

local, a. Local (m.), locale (/.): lo"kal'. [sa-mfln'. 

locate. Determiner 1'emplacement: de"tar"mrng' lan"plas"^ 
lock, n. 1. Verrou (m.) : var"^,ru'. 2. Serrure (/.) : Bar* v _ x rur / . 

3. Ecluse (/.): e"kliiz' (of a canal). lock up. Prison (n. /.): 
prTzen'. 

locomotive. Locomotive (n. /.): Io"ko"m5"tiv'^9. 
lodging. Logement (n. m.): lo'^sa-man'. lodging allow- 



ance. Indemnite de logement: an"dam*nl'te' da lo"^3a-man'. 
loft. Grenier (n. m.): gra-nl"^ye'. 

log, n. 1. Bftche (/.): bush. 2. Rondin (TO.): ren"dan'. 
loins. Reins (n. TO.): ran. to sprain or strain one's loins. 

Se donner un tour de reins: sa deh'^ne' an tur da ran. 
long. I. a. Long (m.): Ion; longue (/.): long. II. adv. Long- 

temps: len'tan'. long live. Vive: vlv'^a. See VIVE. 
longshoremen, n. 1. Ouvriers de port: uv^rl^ye' da per. 

2. Debardeur (m.) : de"bar"dur / . 
longsighted, a. 1. A longue vue (m. & /.) : a long vti (far* 

sighted). 2. Presbyte (m. & /.): pres"blt' (incident to old age). 
look. I. n. Regard (m.) : ra-gdr'. II. v. Regarder: ra-gar"de'. 

1. after him. Soignez=le: swa*^,nye' la. 1. alive. See ALIVE. 

1. at. Voyez: vwa"ye'; regardez: ra-gar'de'. 1. here! Dites 
done: dlt dohk. 1. out! Garde a vous: gard a vQ. 

lookout. Surveillance (n. /.): siir"ve"-^ydhs'. look-out. 

Guetteur (n. m.): ge'tur'. 
loop. Bride (n. /.): brld. looping the 1. Boucler la boucle: 

bu'kle' la bu'^kla (in aviation). 
loophole, n. 1. Meurtriere (/.): mur"tri"^,yar' (in fortification). 

2. Creneau (m.): kre"no' (as at the top of trench). l.splate. 

Plaque de tir a meurtrieres: plak da tlr a mur"trr^yar'. to 1. 

a wall. Creneler un mur: kre"na-!e' an mur. 
loosen. Relacher (r.): ra-la"she'. 

loot. I. n. Butin (TO.): bu"tan'. II. v. Filler (c.): p!"^ye'. 
looter. Pillard (n. TO.): pl'^ydr'. 
lorry. Camion (n. TO.) : ka"ml"_yen'. light lorry. Camion- 

nette (n. /.) : ka'ml'^yen'^net'. [ga'rS'. 

lose. Perdre (c.): per'dra. to lose one's way. Segarer: se"- 
loss. Perte (n. /.): pert. make good losses. Combler les 

pertes: koh'ble' le pert. 
lost, pp. Perdu: par"dii'. 
lot. Quantite (n. /.) : kan"tl"te / . 
love, v. Aimer: a"me'. See Appendix. do you love me. M'ai- 

mez'vous: ma / 'me' r vu'. I 1. you. Je vous aime: sa vuz^am'. 
low, a. Bas: ba. 

lower, a. Bas (TO.): bd; basse (/.): bas. 
lowsspirited, a. , Triste (m. &/.): trist. 
luggage. Bagage (n. TO.): ba"ga3'. left luggage office. 

Consigne (n.f.): ken'sl'^nya. l.i\>i>ni. Ma,'a;ia aux bagages: 

ma'ga'zan' ba'gas'. l.cvan. Wagon de bagagc: va"gon' da 

ba'gas'. 

lumber. See TIMBER. 
lunch, luncheon. I. n. 1. Second dejeuner: sa-gen' de"3u"- 

ne'. 2. Gouter (m.): gQt6'. II. v. Gou.er: gu'te'. 
lunette. Lunette (n. /.): lu"net'. Abbreviated Lun. 
lung. Poumon (n. TO.): piemen'. 
lyddite. Lyddite (n. /.) : lid^dlt'. 

lying, a. Couch6 (TO.), couchee (/.): ku"she'. _ 
l = habit; aisle; au - out; oil; iu = feud; 
diine; thin; go; rj aing; fmip; (liin; fnia. 



85 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey 

obey; go; net; or; full; -ulo; but, burn; a = final; 



M 

machine. Machine (n. /.): ma" sTam'^e. highly sensitive 
macaine. Mecanisme extrememeut delicat: m6"kan"Ism' eks"- 
trfi'ma^man' dC'H'ka'. machine-gun. Mitrailleuse (n.f.) : mT- 
tral'^-yuz'. MaohincsGun Corps, Heavy Section. British of- 
ficial designation for the "tanks." 

"mack." Mackintosh (soldiers' slang). 

Machoiiochle. A brand of canned meat or vegetables. 

mad, a. Fou (m.): fu; folle (/.): fol'^le. 

made up, pa. Compose (TO.), composed (/.): ken // pd"ze'. 

magazine. 1. Magasin (n. TO.): ma"ga"zan' (as of a rifle). 
2. Revue (n. /.) : ra-vii' (periodical) . to charge the magazine. 
Charger le magasin: sliar"3e' la ma"ga"zan'. 

magneto. Magneto (n. m.): ma"^,nye"to'. 

mail, n. 1. Dcpeche (/.): de"pash'^a (letter). 2. Malleposte 
(/.): mal"pest' (mail*coach). 3. Courrier (m.): kQr^rl*^y6' 
(courier). when does the mail go out? Quand va la poste? 
kah vti la post'^a. 

malm, v. 1. Estropier: es"tro"pi"^ye'. 2. Mutiler: mu"tf*le'. 

main. I. a. Principal (TO.), principale (/.): pran"sl"pal'. II. 
n. Principal (m.): pran'sr'pal'. main body. 1. Gros (n. m.): 
gr5. 2. Corps principal: ker prah'sFpar. m. point of resist- 
ance. Centre de resistance: san'tra da re"zls"tahs'. m. road. 
Grande route: grand rut'^a. m.sspring. Grand ressort: gran 
ra-ser'. the m. body of the army. Le gros de 1'armee: la 
gr5 da Iar*m6'. 

mainly. Principalement: pran"ail"pal"mdn / . 

maintenance, n. 1. Moyens de vivre (TO. pi.): mwa"yan' da 
vlv'x_ra. 2. Entretien (m.): ah"^,tra^tr^.yaiV. 

maize. Mais (n. TO.): ma"Is' (Indian corn). 

major. 1. Major (n. TO.): ma'^er'. 2. Chef de bataillon, ou 
d'cscadron: sTief da ba"ta!"^yoh', Q des"kad"reh'. major: 
general. General de brigade: 3e"ne"ral' da brl"gad'. 

make, v. Faire: far. m. known. Faire connaitre: far ken"- 
na'^,tra. m. off. Se sauver (v.): sa so"ve'. m. room. Faire 
place: far plus. m. sure of. S'assurer de (r.) : sas"^su"re' da. 
m. up his mind. Prendre son parti: pran'^dra son par*tl'. 

male, n. MAle (TO.): mal. male nurse. Infirmier (n. m.): 
an"flr"mr_ye'. 

mallet, n. 1. Maillet (TO.) : mai'^ye'. 2. Mail (TO.) : ma'^,ya. 

man. I. n. Homme: oiu. II. v. 1. Garnir d'hommes: gar^nlr' 
dom. 2. Armer: ar"me' (of a ship). 3. Servir: sar'vir' (of a gun). 

manage, v. 1. Manoeuvrcr: ma"nu"vre' (a machine gun). 2. 
Couduire: koii'dwlr* (run, as a business). 3. Trailer: tra'te' 
(animal*). management. Traitement (n. m.): tra'^,ta^mdh'. 
manager. Dlrecteur (n. m.): drrek'tur'. 

mane. Crinicn: (n. /.): krl"^,nyar' (of a horse). 

maneuver. Manoeuvre (n. /.): ma"nu'^vrd. 

mange. Gale (n. /.): gal. 

manner, n. 1. Maniere (/.) : ma"m"^.yar'. 2. Habitude (/.) : 
a'bl'tud'. 3. Politesse (/.) : po"ll"tes'. manners, n. pi. Maui- 
eres polies: ma'nr^yar' po'H' (behavior). 

maii:ofwar. Vaisseau de guerre (m.): va"so' da gar. 

manor. Manoir (n. TO.): man"war'. 

mansion. 1. Chateau (TO.): slia"to' (country place). 2. Hotel 
(n. m.): 5'tel' (city residence). 

manual of arms. Manuel d'armes: ma"nii"er darm. 

manufactory. 1. Manufacture (n.f.): ma ff nu w fak''tur'. Ab- 
breviated Manufre. 2. Fabrique (/.): fa'brlk'. 3. Atelier (m.): 
a'ter^yg' (workshop). 4. Uslne (/.): ii'zln' (works). _ 

1 - habit; oislo; au out; elTj iu - feud; 
dtlne; Cllin; 90; n sing; sliip; Qliu; tilis. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 86 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

manufacture, v. Fabriquer: fa"bri"ke'. 

many, a. & n. I. a. 1. Boaucoup: bo"ku'. 2. Plusieurs: plii"- 
zl*_yur'. II. n. 1. Un grand nombre: an gran nen'^bra. 2. 
Une multitude: tin mul"tl"tiid'. 

map. 1. Carte geographique (n. f.) : kart 3e"o"gra"flk' (of a con- 
tinent or country). 2. Mappemonde (/.): map'^pa-mehd'^a (of 
the world). 3. Plan (m.): plan (of a city or town). map=case, 
n. Etui (m.): e'twl'. from the map. D'apres la carte: da"- 
pre' la kart. to map out. 1. Faire une carte: far un kart. 2. 
Marquer sur la carte: mar'ke' siir la kart. 

marauder. Maraudeur (n. TO.) : ma"ro"dur'. 

March, n. Mars (TO.): mars (third month of the year). 

march, n. Marche (/.): mar'^sha. a day's march. Urn; 
journee de marche: un sur'ne' da mar'_slia. flank or oblique 
m. Marche de flanc: mar / _sTia da flan. forced in. Marche 
forcee: mar'^slia fer"se'. m. past. Defile (n. m.): de"fl"le'. 
night m. Marche de nuit: mar'^slia da nwi. quick m., m.! 
Pas accelere, marche! paz^aks"^se"le"re', mcir'^sTia. route m. 
Marche militaire: mar'^slia mTU"tar'. on the m. En marche: 
an mar'^sTia. 

march, v. Marcher: mar"slie'. to m. abreast. Marcher de 
front: mar"she' da fren. to m. back. Revenir (p.): ra-va-nlr'. 
to m. down. Descendre (v.): de"sdn'_dra. to m. in. 
Entrer (r.) : an"tre'. to m. in line. Marcher en ligne: mar*she' 
an ll'^nya. to m. oft". Se mettre en marche: sa met'_tra an 
mar'^sha. to m. out. Sortir (v.): sor'tir'. to m. out of 
step. Ne pas marcher au pas: na pa mar* she' o pa. to m. up. 
Avancer: a"van"se'. to resume the m. Reprendre la marche: 
ra-prah'^xdra la mar'^she. 

marching orders. 1. Ordre de mission (n. m.) : er'^_,dra da 
mls"^,srs_-yeh'. 2. Ordre de marche: er'dra da mar'^sha. in 
marching order. En tenue de campagne: an ta-nii' da kaiT- 
pd'^nya. m. rate of speed. Vitesse de marche: vrtes' da 
mar'^.sha. 

mare. Jument (n. /.) : 3u"mdn'. 

margin, n. 1. Marge (/.): mdr3. 2. Bord (m.): her. 

marine, n. Fusilier marin (TO.): fu"zl"ll"^ye' ma" ran'. 

mark, n. 1. Marque (/.): mark (in general). 2. Point de re- 
pere: pwan da ra-par' (landmark). 3. Cible (n. f.) : sl'^bla (flring* 
objective). mark time! Marcjuez le pas! mar"ke' la pd. 

marker. Jalonneur (n. m.): 3a"len" v ^nur / . 

market. I. n. Marche (TO.): mai^'she'. Abbreviated Mche. 
II. v. 1. Acheter au marche: a^slia-te' 5 mar'sTie'. 2. Vcmdre 
au marche: vdn'_dra 5 mar'slie'. m.spiace. Halle (n.f.): hal. 

marksman, n. 1. Tireur (TO.): ti"rur'. 2. Bon tireur (m.): 
ben tl"rur'. marksmanship. Adresse au tir: a" (Ires' ^_6 tlr. 

marlinespike. fipissoir (n. TO.): e"pls"s\var'. 

marmalade. Marmelade (n. f.) : mar"^,ma-ldd'. 

marmite, mar'mlt', n. [Fr. soldiers' slang.] A large shell flred 
from a "Jack Johnson." Compare KETTLE. 

marquis. Marquis (n. TO.): mar"lci'. 

marriage, n. 1. Mariage (TO.) : ma"rl"d3'. 2. pi. Les noces 
(/.): 16 nos (wedding ceremony). marriage contract. Contrat 
de mariage: kon"tra' da ma'ri'as'. m. settlement. Douaire 
(n. m.) : du'ar'. 

marsh. 1. Marais (n. TO.): ma"re'. 2. Mar6cage (n. TO.): 
ma"r6*ka3'. Abbreviated Marge. salt marshes. Marais 
salants: ma're' sa"lan'. 

marshal. Mar6chal (n. TO.): mu"re"sMr. 

marshy, a. Mar6cageux (TO.): ma"re"ka"3u'; mar6cagcuse 
''3uz'. 

Martingale (n. f.): mar"tan"gar. 

= habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 
cTlin; Ro; r) = sin/;; sllip; fhin; this. 



S7 A SERVICE DICTIONARY manufa J*eS 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey ; g6; net; or; full; rOle; but; burn; = final; 

mask. I. n. A gas-mask. See under GAS. II. v. 1. Mas- 
quer: mos'kg' (put on masks'). 2. D6guiser: de'gl'ze' (disguise). 
to mask a battery. Masquer une batterie: mas"k6' un 
baf^ta-rt'. 

masonry. Maconnerie (n. /.): ma w sen / 'v_,na-rl'. 

mass, n. 1. Somme (/.) : som. 2. Ensemble (TO.) : af^'san'^bla. 
mass formation. Formation en masse: fer*ma'sr^yeh' an 
mas. 

master, u. 1. Patron (m.) : pa"tren'. 2. Maitre (TO.): ma'tra. 

match. Allumette (n. /.): al"_lu"met'. matches must not 
be struck. II est defendu de frotter des allumettes: U_6 de'- 
fah'dii' da frot'_t6' dez^al'^lu'met'. 

mate, n. 1. Camarade (TO.): ka*ma"rdd'. 2. Naut. Second 
(m.): sa-gen' (chief officer). 

material. Materiel (n. TO.) : ma"te"rl"^yel / . 

matron. Infirmiere en chef (n. /.): an"fir / "m!"_yar' an shef 
(of a hospital). 

matter, n. 1. Matiere (/.) : ma"tl"s_yar'. 2. Sujet (TO.) : su"3e'. 
:{. Affaire (/.) : af'^far'. a matter of taste. Une affaire de gout: 
un af'^far' da gQ. no m. N'importe! nah'pert'. what is the 
m.? Qu'est-ce qu'il y a? kg'^sa kll^I a. what Is the m. with 
you? Qu'avez-vous? ka've' vQ. 

mauser rifle. Fusil mauser: f(i"zl' me"zar'. 

May. Mai (n. TO.): ma (fifth month of the year). 

may, v. [May and might when auxiliary verbs are the sign of 
the subjunctive or conditional.] Pouvoir: pu'vwor'. he may go. 
II peut sortir: II pu ser'tlr'. it might be. Cela se pourrait: 
sa-ld' sa pur*^r6'. it might happen that. II pourrait se 
faire que: II pur"_re' sa far ka. may be. Peut etre: put^a'_ 
tra. may I? Puisje? pwl'^sa you might have gone 
there. Vous auriez pu y aller: vflz^e'rl'^yg' pu I ol'^le'. 

mayor. Maire (n. TO.): mar. 

me, pron. 1. Moi: mwa; as, "give me," donnezmoi: den"^ne' 
m\va. 2. Me: ma. of or from me. De moi: da mwa. for me. 
Pour moi: par mwa. to me. 1. Moi: mwa. 2. A moi: a mwa. 
:j. Me: ma. 

meadow, n. 1. Pr6 (TO.) : pre. 2. Prairie (/.) : pra"ri'. Abbre- 
viated Pr. 

meal. Repas (n. m.): ra-pd'. at mealtimes. Aux heures 
des repas: Oz^Or de ra-na'. I shall take my meals. Je 
prendrai mes repas: za pran'drg' me ra-pd'. have we time for a 
meal? Y a-t-il le temps a manger? I a til la tan a man'36'. 
let us eat! Mangeons! man"gon'. 

mean, a. 1. VU (TO.), vile (/.): vil (despicable). 2. Moyen 
(m.): mwa'yah'; moyenne (/.): mwa'yen' (middle). mean 
distance. Distance moyenne: dls'tans' mwa'yen'. m. width. 
Largeur moyenne: lar'sur' mwa'yen'. 

mean, n. 1. Milieu (TO.): mil"^yu'. 2. Moyen (TO.): mwa"- 
yan'. by means of. Au moyen de: mwa'yan' da. by no 
means. Par aucun moyen: par O'kan' mwa'yan'. by this 
means. Par oe moyen: par sa mwa'yah'. 

meaning. 1. Sens (m.): sans. 2. Signification (/.): sr^nyT- 
fl'ka'sr^yoh'. 

measles, n. pi. Rougeole (/. sing.) : ru*36l'. 

measure. I. n. 1. Mesure (/.): ma-zur'. 2. Portee (/.): 
per*t6'. II. P. 1. Mesurer: ma-zii'rg' (in general). 2. Arpenter: 
ar*pan't6' (land). 

meat. Viande (n. /.): vl"ahd'. boiled meat. Bouilli (m.): 
bQ'^yl'. canned, preserved or tinned m. Con.ser\-es de vi- 
ande: ken'sarv' da vl'ahd'. fresh m. supply. Ravitaillement 
en viande fraiche: ra'vl"tai*^,ya-mah' ah vl'ahd' fresh. roast 
m. Roll (m.): rO'tl'. frozen m. Viande congelee: vrdful' 
koh'56'16'. See FRIGO. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine; cliin; go; n = sin^; ^hip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 88 

rtistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

mechanic. Mecanicien (TO.): me"ka"nl"sl"^yah / . mechan- 
ical, a. Mecanique: me"ka"nlk'. m. transport. Service auto- 
mobile: sar"vls' e"t5"m0"bll'. mechanism, n. 1. Mecanisme 
(m.): m6"ka"nlsm'. 2. Mecanique (/.): m6"ka"nlk'. 

medal. Medaille (n. /.): mS"dai'^,ya (decoration). 

medical, a. M6dical (TO.), m6dicale (/.) : me"dl"kol'. medical 
board. Conseil de sante (m.): keiV'se'^ya da san"te'. m. 
record book. Cahier de visite: ka"ye' da vrslt'. m. service. 
Service de sante: sar'vls' da san'te'. [ra-mad'. 

medicine, n. 1. M6decine (/.): me"_da-sin'. 2. Remade (TO.): 

meet, v. 1. Rencontrer: rah"ken"tre / . 2. Faire face a: far fas 
a (to face). 3. (1) S'assembler: sas"_san"ble' (assemble). (2) Se 
reunir: sa re"ii"n!r'. advancing to meet them. S'avancant 
a leur rencontre: sa"vah"sant' a lur ran"ken'^,tra. m. the 
attack. Faire face a 1'attaque: far fas a lat*-_tak'. to go to 
m. Aller au devant de: al*_Je' 6 da-van' da (at a station). to in. 
death. Affronter la mort: af'^freiVte' la mer. when shall we 
m. again? A quand notre prochaine reunion? a kan nS'^tra 
pro'shen' re"_yu"nl*_yen'. 

meeting, n. 1. Reunion (/.) : re"yu"nl*^yen'. 2. Rencontre 
(/.): ran"kon'tra. 3. Confluent (/re.): ken'TliTon' (of rivers'). 4. 
Jonctlon (/.): senk'si'^yen' (of roads). 

megaphone. Porte=voix (n. TO.) : pert"vwa'. 

melee. M6!6e (n. /.) : ma"le'. 

melinite. Melinite (n. /.): me"l!"mt' (explosive). 

member, n. 1. Membre (TO.) : man'^bra. 2. D6put6 (TO.) : 
de"pii"te'. 

memorandum, n. 1. Note (/.): not. 2. Bordereau (TO.): 
ber"s_da-ro'. to make a memorandum of. Prendre note de: 
pran'^dra not da. 

men, n. pi. 1. Hommes (TO. pi.) : 6m. 2. Pieces (/. pi.) : pl"^ 
yes' (in chess). 3. Dames (/. pi.): dam (in. drafts or checkers). 

menace. I. n. Menace (n. /.) : ma-nds. II. v. Menacer: ma- 
na"se'. 

mend, v. 1. Raccommoder: rak'^kem'^mQ'^' (sew). 2. 
Reparer: re"pa"re' (repair). can you mend my coat? Pouvez 
vous raccommoder mon habit: pu"ve' vu rak"^,kem"^mo"de' 
mon^a"br. See COAT. 

mention, v. 1. Mentionner: man"sl"^yen // v _ne'. 2. D6- 
signer: de"z!"^nye'. mention In dispatches. Citation a 
1'ordre de 1'armee: srta"sl"_yoh' a ler'dra da lar"me'. to m. in 
general orders. Mettre a 1'ordre du jour: met'^tra a ler'dra 
du stir. 

merchandise. Marchandises (n. /.): mar"s~han"diz / . 

mercy, n. 1. Grace (/.) : gras'^a. 2. Pardon (TO.) : par"den'. 

merely, adv. 1. Simplement: sah'^pla^mdn'. 2. Seulement: 
s 01"^, man'. 

merit, n. M6rite (m.): me"rit'. 

mess, n. I. [Of military officers.] 1. Pension: pan"si"^,yefi'. 
2. Mess (m.) : mes. 3. [Of non-commissioned officers.} Table (/.) : 
ta'^bla. 4. [Of pri rates.] Ordinaire (/re.): er'dl'nar'. II. 1. 
[Of naval officers.] Table (/.) : ta'bla. 2. [Of seamen.] (1) Plat 
(m.): pla. (2) Ordinaire (m.): er"dl"nar'. of the same mess. 
Du meme ordinaire: dii mSm er*drnar'. 

mess, v. Manger ensemble: marine' an"san'^bla. m.shox. 
('.uitine de mess d'offlciers: kan"tln' da mes dor^n"sr^.ye'. 
iii.rroiun. Chambree (/.): sTian"bre'.m. sergeant. Etapier 
(re. TO.): e*ta"pr_ye'. m.=tln. Gamelle (/.): sa"mel'. offi- 
cers' m. I.a pension des offlciers: la pan"sl"^.yoh' dez_of"^,fT- 
sl'^yg'. m. orderly. Ordonnance (n. /.): er r den"_ nans'. 

message. 1. Message (n. TO.) : mes"^sd3'. 2. Commission (/.) : 
kem"^,mr8r_yeh'. telegraphic message. Depeche (/.): de*- 
pa.<h'. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; n = singr; sliip; fhin; this. 



89 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

met, pp. of MEET, v. Rencontre: ran"ken"tre'. I met no 
one. Je n'ai rencontre personnel 33 nfi ran"koh"trf' par* sen'. 

meter, metre. Mdtre (n. m.): me'tra (3 ft. 3.37 inches). 

M. G., abbrev. Machine Gunner. M. G. C., abbrev. Ma- 
chine Gun Corps. 

midday. Midi (n. m.): ml"di'. 

middle. I. a. 1. Du milieu: du nuT^yxr. 2. Du centre: du 
sdn'_tra. II. n. 1. Milieu (m.): mll'yu'. 2. Centre^ san'_tra. 

midnight. Minuit (n. n.): mln'^wi'. 

midshipman. Aspirant (n. m.): as"prrah'. 

midships, adv. Par le travers: par la tra"var'. 

might, imp. of MAY, v. Pourrait: pur*_re'. that might be. 
Cola pourralt etre: sa-la' pur*^r6t'_,a'tra. See also MAY. 

mild, a. Doux (m.): du; douce (/.): dus. 

mile, n. Mille (m.): mil (1,609.3d meters). milestone, n. 
Borne (/.): born. 

military, a. Militaire (m. & /.) : mTU'tar'. military cross. 

1. La crolx militaire: la krwa ml* II* tar'. 2. La crolx de guerre: 
la krwa da gar. military law. Code militaire (m.) : hod mTH*- 
tar'. m. medal. Medaille militaire (/.): me'dai'^ya mTII'- 
taf. m. police. Police militaire (/.): p6"lls' mTU'tar'. m. 
service. Service militaire (m.): sar*vi8' ml'U'tar'. m. terms. 
Termes militaires (m.): tarm mPlTtfir'. 

milk. I. n. Lait (ro.):la. II. v. Traire: trar. do you take 
milk? Prenezvous du la t? pra-ne' vu dii la. some m., please. 
Du lait, s'il vous plait: du la, sll vu pia. to milk the line. 
Degarnir la ligne: de'gor'nlr' la H'^nya (secure reinfor cements by 
drawing out bat alions^ here and there). 

mill. I. n. 1. Moulin (m.): mu"lan'. 2. Usine (/.): u"zm' 
(factory). II. p. Moudre: mQ'^dra (crush). water-mill. 
Moulin a eau: mu'lan a 6. niiidmill. Moulin a vent: 
mu'lan' a van. 

million. Million (n. m.) : mir^yen'. [la ml'^yen'. 

mine 1 , poss. pron. Le mien (m.): la rnl"^yan'; la mienne (/.): 

mine 2 . I. n. Mine (/.): mln. II. v. 1. Miner: mi"ne'. 2. 
Creuser: kru'ze' (fort.ficalions). countersmine. I. n. Contre* 
mine (/.): ken'^tra-min'. II. r. Contre-mlner: ken'tra-ml'n6'. 
floating m. Mine flottante: mln flet"_tant'. ground m. 
Mine immergee: mln im*^mar"3e'. m. -chamber. Fourneau 
de mine: fQr*n5' da mln. m. sweeping. Enlevement des mines: 
aniav'^man' de mln. submarine m. Mine immergee: mln 
immar*3e'. 

miner. Sapeur mineur (n. m.) : sa"pur' ml"nur'. 

mineral, a. Mineral (m.), min6rale (/.): mi"ne"rdl / . arti- 
ficial mineral water. Eau minerale anificielle: 6 mln6"ral'^a 
ar*trn*sl*^yer. mineral water. Eau minerale (/.): 6 mrng*- 
ral'^,a. natural mineral water. Eau minerale naturelle: 6 
ml'ng'ral'^a na'tu'rel'. See SODA-WATER. 

minute, n. 1. Moment (m.): mo"mdn'. 2. Minute (/.): 
mrniit'. minutes of proceedings. Proces-verbal: pro'se' 
ver*bal'. 

mire, n. 1. Boue (/.) : bu. 2. Bourbe (/.) : burb. 

mirror, n. Miroir (m.): mlr^war'. 

misguide, c. 1. Donner une fausse direction a: den"^.ne' 
un fos drrek'sl'^yen' a. 2. Bgarer: f-"uu're'. 

misinform, v. Donner de faux renseignements a: den'ne' da 
f5 rah*s6 T ^,nya-man' a. 

mislead, r. Induire en erreur: an'dwlr' ah^ar"_rur'. mis- 
lead the enemy. Trompf-r 1'ennemi: tron'pe' len'^na-ml'. 

miss, n. Mademoiselle (/.): ma"da_mwa''zcl'. 

miss, v. Manquer: man w ke'. miss ftre. Rater: ra"t< v . 

missing, a. 1. Disparu (pp. m.), disparue (/.): dls"pa*ru'. 

2. Absent (m.): ab'saiV: ahsente (/".): ab'sqnt'^.3. 3. Egare (m.), 
l = habit; aisle; au = out; olU 1Q = feud; 
dune; Cliin; go; n = siny; sllip; fhin; this. 



Inoney A SERVICE DICTIONARY 00 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
egaree (/.): c"ga"r6'. Killed, wounded, or missing. Tues. 
blesses, ou disparus: tu"e', bles">_86', u dls"pa"ru'. 

mist. Brume (n. /.) : briira. 

mistake. 1. Meprise (/.): me"priz'. 2. Erreur (/.): ar"rur'. 
3. Faute (./.): fot. correct mistakes. Corriger les fautes: 
kor"_rt"3e' 16 fot. make a mistake. Faire une meprise: far 
tin me"prlz'. 

mister. Monsieur (n. TO.): mu"sl"^yu'. See MR. 

mistress, n. 1. Maitresse (/.): ma"tres'. 2. Madame (/.): 
ma'dam'. 

mistrust, v. 1. Se mefier de: se me*fr^,ye' da. 2. Soup- 
conner: sup"son"^,n6'. 

misunderstanding, n. 1. Malentendu (TO.) : mal"an"tan"du'. 
2. Erreur (/.): ar"rur'. [gun). 

mitrailleuse. Mitrailleuse (n. /.): mi"trai"^,yuz' (machine 

moat. Fosse *(n. TO.) : fes'^se'. 

mobilize, . Mobiliser: mo"bi"li"ze'. order to mobilize. 
L'ordre de mobilisation: ler'dra da mo"bI"H"za"sr^yon'. mo- 
bilization. Mobilisation (n. /.): mo"bI"ll"za"sr^yoiV. on 
mobilization. A la mobilisation: a la mo"brirza"si"^yon'. 

modification. Modification (n. /.) : m6"drfi"ka"s!"_yen'. 

mole*hill, . Taupiniere (/.) : tO'prnl'yar'. 

Monday. Lundi (n. m.): lun"dl'. 

money. 1. L'argent (n. TO.): lar'^an'. 2. Monnaie (. /.): 
mou'^ne'. I have no money. Je n'ai pas d'argeiit: 39 na pa 
dar3an'. how much is that in French m.? Comblen est* 
ce en argent francais? keri"L>r,^yan' es^a ah ar"gan' fraii'se'. 
m. 'Changer. Changeur (n. m.): ghan'sur'. m.order. Man- 
dat (n.m.): man"du'. post office money order. Mandat do 
poste: man"da' da p6st. where can I get m. changed? Ou 
pourrai*je faire changer de 1'argent? xi pQr*^.re'^3a far sTian'35' 
da lar"3ah'. will you give me French m.? Voulezvous me 
donner de 1'argent francais? vu"le' vu ma den'ne' da lar"3Qh' 
fran"se'. 
For ENGLISH, FRENCH AND GERMAN MONEY see page 91. 

monoplane. Monoplan (?i. m.) : mo"no"plah'. 

Montenegro. Montenegro (m.): men"te"ne"gr6 / . 

month. Mois (n. TO.): mwa. last month. Le mois dernier: 
la mwa dar"nl"^,ye'. in a month's time. Dans un mois: 
danz^an mwa. 

monument. Monument (n. TO.): men"u"man'. 

moon. Lune (n. /.) : liin. 

moor, v. Amarrer: a"mar"^re'. 

moral. I. a. Moral (TO.), morale (/.): mo"rdl'. II. n. Mo- 
ralite (/.) : mo"ra"H"te'. bad morals. Mauvaises mceurs: mo"- 
viz' mur. good m. Bonnes mceurs: ben mur. 

more, adv. & a. 1. Plus: plii. 2. Encore: ari"ker'. m. and 
m. De plus en plus: da pliis^an plii. much m. Beaucoui> 
plus: bo"ku' plu. 

morlcaud, mo"rrko'. [Fr.] I. a. Brownish. II. n. Brown. 
Applied to Senegalese and other brown troops. 

morning. Matin (n. TO.): ma" tan'. good morning. See 
under GOOD. this m. Ce matin: sa ma'tah'. 

Moroccan contingent. Goum marocain: gum ma"ro / 'kan'. 

Morocco. Maroc (n. TO.): ma"rek'. 

mortar. Mortier (n. TO.): mer"tl"^ye'. 

mother. Mere (n. /.): mar. 

motion, n. Mouvement (m.): mu"_,va-mari'. in motion. 
En marche: an mar'^.slia. 

motor, n. Moteur (TO.): mo"tur'. armored motor. Auto- 
mobile cuirasse: 6"t5"mo''bll' kwl*ras*^,se'. m.bus. Autobus 
(n. m.): 6"t5"biis'. m.'.sa.r. Automobile (n. m.): O'tO'mo'bll'. 
m.cycle. Motocyclettc: mo'to'srklet'. m.lorry. Camion 

l = habit; aisle; ail = out; oil; fS = feud ; 

diinc; cliin; go; rj = sing; Sliip; thin; this. 



01 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 



mist 



money 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; hot; bOrn; 8 = final; 



ENGLISH, FRENCH, AND GERMAN MONEY 

With the comparative values of the coins, etc., in the currency of 
the United States 



b = Bronze. g = Gold. 



Dollars 
and Cents 



Abbreviations 
n = Nickel. 



ENGLISH MONEY 



p = Paper. s = Sliver. 



Farthing (b) 

1 Half penny (ha'penny) (b) 

2 Penny (b) 

4 Two pence (tuppence) (b) 
6 Three " * (thrippence) (s) 
12 H Six " * (s) 
25 Shilling' (s) 
50 Two shillings (s) 
62 U Two " and six pence 4 (s) 

1.25 Five " * (crown) (s) 

2.50 Ten " (half a sovereign) (g & p) 

5.00 Twenty " ~ (sovereign; pound) 
5.25 Twenty one shillings (guinea*) (g & p) 
25.00 Five pounds (p) 
50.00 Ten " (p) 

100.00 Twenty u (p) 

NOTES. 'Thrippenny bit (slang); * A tanner (slang); 3 A bob 
(slang) ; * Half a crown (slang, half a dollar) ; * Crown (slang, a dollar) ; 
6 Half a quid (slang) ; ~ A quid (slang) ; s A unit of reckoning though 
the coin Is no longer In circulation. 



Dollars 


FRENCH MONEY 


and Cents 




1 


One sou: Un sou (b) 


2 


Two sous: deux sous (b) 


5 


Five " cinq " (n) 


10 


Ten " dix " (s) 


20 


One franc: un franc (s) 


40 


Two francs: deux francs (s) 


1.00 . 


Five cinq francs (s & p) 


2.00 


Ten dix francs (g & p) 


4.00 


Twenty " vlngt francs 1 (g & p) 


10.00 


Fifty ". cinquante francs (p) 


20.00 


One hundred francs: cent francs (p) 


100.00 


Five hundred " cinq cent franca (p) 


200.00 


One thousand francs: mille francs (p) 


NOTE. !The gold piece Is called also a Napoleon. 


Dollars 


GERMAN MONEY 


and Cents 




U 


One pfennig (b) 


K 


Two pfennigs (b) 


IX 


Five " (n) 


2X 


Ten (n) 


*H 


Twenty five pfennigs (n) 


12H 


Fifty pfennigs (s & p) 


25 


One mark (s & p) 


50 


Two marks (s & p) 


75 


Three marks' (s & p) 


1.25 


Five marks (s & p) 


2.50 


Ten " (g & p) 


5.00 


Twenty marks (g & p) 



NOTE. i Called also thaler. 



i = habit; aisle; 
diine; tfhin; go; 



au = out; ell; lu = feud; 
13 = sing; hip; Chin; this. 



Sear"* A SERVICE DICTIONARY 92 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
automobile (m.): ka"mr^yen' o"to"mo"bir. m. power. Force 
motrice (/.): fOrs mo"trls'. m. struck. in.=\vagon. Camion 
automobile (m.): ka"ml"^yen' o"txS"mo"bir. 

mount. I. n. 1. Monture (/.): men"tiir'a (horses). 2. Mont 
(m.): men (mountain). II. v. Monter: men"te'. mount! Mon- 
tez! men"te' (order to cavalry). prepare to m.! A cheval! a 
sha-vaT. to rn. guard. Monter la garde: men"te"' la gar'^da. 
mounted infantry. Infanterie montee: an"fan'"_ta-rr mon"- 
te'. 

mountain, n. 1. Mont (m.) : men. Abbreviated Mt. 2. Mon- 
tague (/.): men"ta'_nya. Onmaps,Mgne. mountain-battery. 
Batterie de montagne: bat'^ta-rl' da men'tfl'^nya. 

mouse. Souris (n. /.): su"rl'. mouse 'colored, m.sgray. 
Gris de souris: gr! do su'rt'. 

mouth, n. Bouche (/.) : busV^a. mouth of river. Em- 
bouchure (/.) : an"bu"shur'. Abbreviated Einbtire. 

move, v. 1. Se remuer: SB ra-mu"e'. 2. Transporter: trans"- 
per"te'. 3. Faire marcher: far mar" She'. 4. Faire aller: far al"_ie'. 
m. off. S'en aller : san_al"^le'. m. out. Sortir: ser"tlr / . on 
the m. Enmouvement: ah muVman'. to m. Into position. 
Prendre position: pran'dra po"zi"sr^yen'. to m. off. -Quitter 
(p.): kl"te'. to move the points (of a railway track). Aiguiller 
(p.): a'gwl'ye' (switch). 

movement. Mouvement (n. m.): muv"man'. converging 
movement. Un mouvement convergent: an muv'man' ken"- 
var"3an'. enveloping m. Mouvement enveloppant: muv*man' 
an"va-lep"^,pan'. forward m. Mouvement en avant: muv*- 
man' an^o'van'. retrograde m. Mouvement retrograde: 
muVman' re"tro"grad'. 

mow (v.) or to mow down. Faucher (v.): fo"she'. 

Mr. Monsieur (n. m.): mu"si"^yu'. Mrs., Madam. Ma- 
dame (n. /.) : ma"dam'. 

M. T., abbrev. Mechanical Transport. 

much, adv. Beaucoup de: b5"ku' da. as much as. Autant 
que: o"tan' ka. how much? Combien? kon'br^yan'. 

mud. Boue (n. /.): bu. mudguard. Garde*boue (n. m.): 
gard"bu'. muddy, a. Bourbeux (m.): bur"bu'; bourbeuse 
(/.) : bur'buz'. 

muffler, n. 1. Cache*nez (m.): ka^'na'. 2. Silencieux (m.) : 
sl"lan"srs_yu' (silencer on a motor). 

mufti. Habit bourgeois: a"bl' bur"3wd' (plain clothes'). in 
mufti. Etre en civil: a'^,tra an sl'vll'. 

mug, n. Gobeiet (m.): gob"^_,a-le'. 

muggy, a. 1. Lourd: lur. 2. Mou: mu. 

mule. Mulct (n. m.) : mu"le'. mule path or track. Sentier 
(re. m.) : sah"tr*^ye'. 

munitions, n. pi. Munitions (/. pi.) : mu"nl"s! / 's^yen / (military 
stores of all kinds) . 

music. Musique (n. /.): mu"zik'. give us some music. 
Faites de la musique: fat da la mu"zlk'. 

musketoon. Mousqueton (n. m.): mus^ke-ten'. 

must, v. Falloir: fal'^lwar'. See Appendix. it must be 
done. II faut le faire: II f6 la far. I must. II me faut: II ma f5. 
I m. eat. II me faut manger: II ma f5 man'sf- I m. do it. 
II faut que je le fasse: II f6 ka 33 la fas. must I? Dols-je: 
dwa'^33. 

mustard. Moutarde (n. /.): mu w tard'-^a. 

muster. I. n. Rassemblement: ras"v_^san"v_bla-man'. II. v. 1. 
Se rassembler: sa ra8*^san"bie'. 2. Faire 1'appcl: far lap'^pel'. 
3. Rcpondre a 1'appel: r6"pen'_dra a lap'pel'. muster <roll. 
Controles (n. pi.): ken"tr51'. 

mute, n. Muet (m.): mu"e'; muette (/.): mu"et'. 

mutton, n. Mouton (m.): mutton 7 . leg of mutton. Gigot 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

dune; Cliin; go; rj = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



93 A SERVICE DICTIONARY m n "ar 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; gft; net; or; full; rQle; bpt; born; a = final; 

(n. 7.): Sl'gO'. m.chop. Coteiette de rnouton: ko"^ta-iet' da 

mu'ten'. 
muzzle. I. n. 1. Bouche (n. /.): bush (of a gun). 2. Bout 

(m.): bd (of a rifle, pistol, etc.). II- " Museler: mu"v_za-le'. 

muzzle*plug. Couvrebouche (n. m.): ku"vra-bush'. 
my, poss. pron. Mon (m.) : men; ma (/.) : ma; mes (pi. m. &/.) : 

me. 
myself, pron. Moi: mwa; (or emphatic) moim6me: mWa'mam'. 

N 

nail. I. n. Clou (m.): klu. II. v. Clouer: klu"e'. nail In 
the foot. Clou de rue: klQ da rii (disease in a horse's foot). 
planks or boards for nailing. Planches a clous: plansTi a klu. 

name. I. n. Norn (m.): neri. II. v. 1. Appeler: ap"^,pa-le'. 
2. Nommer: nem'^mg'. my name is. Je m'appelle: 39 map*^ 
pel'^la. your n. and address. Votre nom et adresse: v6's_tra 
non 6 a*>_dres'^.sa. what is the n. of this place? Com- 
ment s'appelle cette place: kem'man' sap'^pel'^la set'^ta 
plds'^a. what is your name? Quel est votre nom? kel 6 
vo'^tra nen. named. Nomme: nem'^me'. namely. C'est 
a dire: sgt^a dlr^a. 

nap. Somme (n. TO.): sem'^ma. to take a nap. Faire un 
petit somme: far an pa-tl' sem'_ma. 

napper. (Soldiers' slang for head.) 

narrow. I. a. fitroit (TO.) : e"trwa'; 6troite (/.): e"trwat'v^a. 
II. v. 1. Resserrer: ra-sar^re'. 2. Retrecir: re"tre*s!r'. 

nasty, o. 1. Sale (TO. & /.) : sdl'-^a. 2. Mauvais (m.): m6"va'; 
mauvalse (/.): m6"vaz'^a. 

nation, n. 1. Nation (/.) : na^si^yen'. 2. Race (/.) : ras'^a. 
national. I. a. National (m.): na"sr_yen"ai'; nationale (/.) : 
na'sl's_yen'al'^a. Abbreviated Natl., Natle. II. n. Cltoyen 
(m.): sl*twa^,yan'; cltoyenne (/.): srtwa'^,yeD'^,na. nation- 
ality, n. Nationalise (/.): nasl_yen''a''irte'. 

native. I. a. 1. Natif (m.): na"tlf; native (/.): na"tlv'^a. 2. 
Natal (m.): na'tal'; natale (/.): na'tal'a. II. n. 1. Habitant 
(?n.): a'bl'tfin' (of a civilized country). 2. Indigene (m.): an*dl- 
3an'_,a (primitive tribes). native land. 1. Patrle (/./.): pa*- 
trl'. 2. Pays (n. m.): pa*^.yl'. native place. Lieu de nals- 
sance (m.): H'^yu' da nSs'^sah'^sa. 

nature. Nature (n. /.): na"tur'^a. natural, a. Naturel 
(TTI.): na*tu"rel'; naturelle (/.): na'tii'rel'^la. 

naval, a. Naval (m.); navale (/.): no'val'. naval air ser- 
vice. Service de 1'avlatlon navale: s&r*vls' da la'vra'sr^yen' 
na'val'. n. officer. Offlcler de marine: of^frsr^ye' da ma*- 
rln'. n. service. Service navale: sar*vls' na'val'. n. terms. 
Termes de marine: tarm'^a da ma'rln'. 

nave, n. 1. Moyeu (TO.): mwa"^yu' (of a wheel). 2. Nef (/.): 
nef (of a church). 

navigable, a. Navigable (TO. &/.) : na*vi w ga'v_bla. Abbreviated 
Natig. navigable river. Riviere navigable: rt'vr^yar'^a na*- 
vl"ga'_bla. 

navigate, v. Naviguer: na"vi"ge'. navigation. Na\ngation 
(n. /.): na'vrga'sl'^yen'. 

navy. Marine (n. /.): mc'rln'^a. cooperation of the 
navy. Cooperation de la flotte: ke"ep*ar*a8l''^yen' da la 
flot'v_ta. 

N. C. O. Non-commissioned officer. Sous-officier: suz_ef"^, 
n'81'^.ye'. 

near. I. adv. Pres:pra. II. pep. Presde: pra da. nearly, 
adv. 1. Presquc: pres'ka. 2. A peu pres: a pu pra. near side. 
C6t6 du montoir: k5*t' dii mon'twar'. Commonly contracted 
to monloir (the left hand or mounting side of a horse). 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

dttne; <5hin; go; n = sing; ^hip; thin; this. 



number* A SERVICE DICTIONARY 94 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
necessary. I. a. Necessaire (m. & /.) : ne"ses"^,sar'. II. n. 

Necessaire (m.): ne"ses"_sar'. necessaries. Objets de petit 

6quipement: ob"3e' da pa-tit' ^5" kl"_pa-man'. 
neck, n. 1. Cou (m.): ku (of a person). 2. Encolure (/.): an"- 

ke'liir'^a (of a horse). 3. Manche _(/.): man'^sTia (of a balloon). 

necktie. Cravate (n.f.): kra"vot'^a. 
need. I. n. Besom: ba-zwan'. II. v. 1. Avoir besoin de: 

aVwar' ba-zwan' da. 2. Exiger: eg"zl"3e'. I need. II me faut: 

II ma fO. 

needle. Aiguille (n. /.): a"gwl'_ya. Abbreviated Aigle. 
neglect. I. n. Negligence (/.) : ne"gli"^ 3 dhs'^a. II. v. N6- 

gliger: ng'girse'. 
neigh. I. n. Hennissement (m.) : han'\_nis"^sa-man'. II. v. 

Hennlr: han'^nlr'. 
neighbor. Voisin (n. m.): vwa"zan'. neighboring, a. 

Voisin (m.): vwa"zan'; voisine (/.): vwa*zln'_a. neighborhood. 

1. Voisinage (m.) : vwa r zi"nQ3' (of a person). 2. Environs (m. pi.) : 

an"vl"ren' (of a place) . 
net, netting, n. 1. Filet (m.): fl"le'. 2. Bastingage (m.): 

bas w tan"ga'^,3a (naval). network. Reseau (n. m.): re"zo'. 
neutral. Neutre (n. m.): nu'^tra. neutrality. Neutrality 

(/.): nu"tra''irte'. neutralize. Neutraliser: uu*tra"ll"zo'. 
never, adv. Jamais: 3a"ma'. 
new. 1. Neuf (m.): (before a consonant) nu, (before a vowel) 

nuf; neuve (/.): nuv. 2. Nouveau (TO.): nu*vo'; nouvelle (/.): 

nQ'vel'^la. 
news, n. Nouvelles (/. pi): nu'Vel'^la. bad news. De 

mauvaises nouvelles: da me'vas' nuvel'-_la. good n. De 

bonnes nouvelles: da bon'^_na nu'vel'^la. 
newspaper. Journal (n. m.): 3ur"ndl / . 
newsroom. Salle de lecture: sal da lek"tiir'. 
New Zealand. La Npuvelle Z61ande: la nu"vel'v_l8 ze"land'. 
next. I. a. 1. Prochain (m.): pre'^an'; prochaine (/.): pre"- 

slian'. 2. [Following] Sulvant (m.): s\vl"van'; sulvante (/.): swl"- 

vant'. 3. [Neighboring] Voisin (m.): vwa"zah'; voisine (/.): vwa*- 

zin'. II. adv. 1. Apres: a"pra' (after). 2. Ensulte: an'swlt' (.fol- 
lowing). III. prep. 1. Aupres de: o"pre' da. 2. A cote de: a ko"ie' 

da. next week. La semaine prochaine: la sa"man' pre"slian'. 
nice, o. 1. Joli (m.), jolie (/.): 36"ll' (to the sight). 2. Bon: 

boh; bonne (/.): ben'^na (to the taste). 
night. Nuit (n. /.): nwi. by n. 1. De nuit: da nwi. 2. 

Pendant la nuit: pan"dah' la nwi (during the night). good 

night. Bonsoir (m.): beh'swar'; bonne nuit (/.): bon'ua nwi. 

n. attack. Attaque de nuit: af^tak' da nwi. n. march. 

Marche de nuit: marsli da nwi. to stay overnight. Passer la 

nuit: pas"^se' la nwi. 

nightfall, n. La tombee de la nuit (/.) : la toiV'be' da la nwi. 
nine, a. & n. Neuf (n. m.): nuf. See NUMBERS. nineteen, 

a. Di.vneuf: dlz'nOf'. nineteenth, a. Dix*neuvlemc: dlz*- 

nu"vrs_xyam'^,a. ninety, a. Quatre*vingtdix : ka'tra-van"- 

dls' ninth, a. Ncuvieme: nu"vr_yam'_a. ninetieth. 

Quatre*vingtdixieme: ka"tra-van"di*zi''^,yam'^a. 
nippers. Pinces coupantes (n. /.): pans ku"pdn'^ta (wire* 

cutters) . 

no, adv. Non: nen. 

nobody. Personne (n. m.): par"sen^na. 
noise. Bruit (n. m.): brwi. 
no man's land. 1. Pays de mort: pa">_yl' da mer: French 

rendering. Literally, the land of the dead. 2. Pays de personne: 

pa*^,yl' da par*sen'^.na. 
noncombatant. Noncombattant (n. m.) : 
non-commissioned officers. Sous-orficiers: 

ye'. _^ 

1 = habit; aisle; all = out; oil; iu = feud; 
diine; cliin; go; rj = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



'.).-, A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; flit; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; g6; net; 6r; full; rOlc; but; burn; a = final; 
non 'Compliance. 1. Refus d'acquiescer: ra-fii' da"ki"e3"^8e'. 

2. Inex6cutlon (n. /.): In*eg*ze'ku"'sr-_yon'. 
non>skid, a. Antid6rapant (m.): an"tl"d6 / 'ra*pan'; antidfira- 

pante (/.) : an'tl'de'ra'pflrit'^a. 
non 'transportable, a. Intransportable (m. &/.): an trans - 

per*ta\_bl8. non 'transportable patient. Blesae Intransport- 

able: bles*^,s6' an"trans*per"ta'^bla. See TAG. 
none, a. 1. Nul (m.): mil; nulle (/.): mil'^la. 2^ Aucun 

(m.): 6'kan'; aucune (/.): 5"kii'^na. 
noon. Midi (n. m.): mTdl'. 
normal, a. Normal (m.), normale (/.): ner"mdl'. under 

normal conditions. Dans des conditions normales: dan do 

kofi'dl'sl'^-yen' ner'maT. 
north. Nord (n. m.): ner. northeast. Nord-est: nerd"- 

est'. northward. Vers le nord: var la ner. northwest. 

Nordouest: nerd* west'. 
Norway. Norvege (n. /.): ner"ve'3a. Norwegian (a. & n., 

m. & /.) Norveglen (m.): ner*ve*3r^yan' ; Norvegienne (/.): 



nose, n. 1. Nez (m.) : ne. 2. Bee (m.) : bek (of an aeroplane) . 

nosebag. Musette (/.) : mii'zet'^ta. to nose dive (A nation). 

1. Piquer du bee: pl'ke' dii bek. 2. Plquer du nez: pl"ke' dii ue. 
nostril, n. 1. Narine (/.): na"rin' (of a person). 2. Naseau 

(n. m.): na'zo'. 
not, adv. 1. Ne . . . pas: na . . . pd. 2. Ne . . . point: 

na . . . pwah. I do not like him. Je ne 1'aime pas: 33 na 

lam'^a pa. not at all. Pas du tout: pa du tQ. not at home. 

N'y est pas: nl 6 pd. not guilty. Non coupable: nen ku'iw'^ 

bla. 
notch. Cran (n. m.): kran. notch of back-sight. Cran de 

mire de la hausse: kran da mlr da la h5s'^sa. 
note, n. 1. Note (/.) : not'^a. 2. Billet de banque (m.) : bi"ye' 

da bonk. change this note for me, please. Veuillez me 

changer ce billet de banque, s'il vous plait: vu'^rye' ma shah'se' 

sa bl'ye' da bank, sll vfl pla. 
note'book. Calepin (n. m.) : ka'^la-pan'. attendance n.=book. 

(.'abler de vlsite (m.): ka'ye' da vl'zlt'^a (of medical visits, etc.). 
note=paper. Papier a lettres (m.): pa'pl'^yg' a let'^tra. 
nothing. Rien (n. TO.) : ri^yan'. nothing more. Rien de 

plus: rl*,_yan' da plii. 
notice. I. n. 1. Avis (m.): a"vi' (warning). 2. Connaissance 

(/.): kon'^nas'sdhs'^a (consideration). at short notice. A 

court delai: a kur d6"la'. 

November. Novembre (n. m.): n6"vdii'^bra. ^ [pre'zaiV. 
now, adv. 1. Maintenant: nian"^ta-ndn'. 2. A present: a 
nucleus. Noyau (n. m.): nwa^yo'. 

number. I. n. 1. Numero (m.) : nu"me"r6' (of things in suc- 
.'i, as horses). Abbreviated iVo. 2. Nombre (m.): neri'^bra 

(mathematical). 3. Quantite (/.): kan'trte' (quantity). II. '. 1. 

Nombrer: nen'bre' (general sensr). 2. Xumeroter: nu'me'ro'te' 

(of things in succession). the army numbered fifty thousand 

men. L'armee se composait (or mom ait a: mon"te a) de cin- 

quante mille homines: lar*me' sa kon'iKTze' do san"kant' mil om. 

to n. from the right. Numc-roter a partlr de la droite: nii"- 

m6*r5"t6' a par'tlr' da la dnvat'^a. my n. Is . Mou numero 

est: men nu*me*r5' e. 



Cardinal 
X umber s 


Nombres 
Cardtnaux 




neii'^bra 
kar*dl'no' 


1 


un, 




an. 


2 


deux, 




du. 


3 


trois, 




tnva. 


4 


quatre, 




kot'^ra. 


5 


cinq. 




sank. 


I - habit; 


aisle; ail = a?/t; 


oil; 


10 = feud; 


'Him:; Chin; 


K"; I) nir>o; 


Hbip; 


fhin; ttlis. 



officer"" 18 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 96 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 



Nombres 
Cardtnawf 
six, 
sept, 
huit, 
neuf, 
dlx, 
onze, 
douze, 
trelze, 
quatorze, 
quinze, 
seize, 
dixsept, 
dlx'huit, 
dixneuf, 
vlngt, 
vingt et un, 
vingtdeux, 
vingttrols, 
vingt-quatre, 
vingt-clnq, 
vlngtslx, 
vingtsept, 
vlngt'hult, 
vingtneuf, 
trente, 
trente et un, 
trente*deux, 
quarante, 
cinquante, 
soixaute, 
soixantedlx, 
quatrevingt, 
quatre-vingfdix. 
cent, 
cent un, 
deux cents, 
mille, 
dix mille, 
un million, 
Nombreux (TO.) 



Cardinal Nombres neh'^bra 

Numbers 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
40 
50 
60 
70 
80 
90 
100 
101 
200 
1000 
10,000 
1,000,000 
numerous, a. 
noii"bruz'v^8. 

nurse. I. n. 1. Infirmier (m.): an"f Ir"mi"^ye' ; infirmiere (/.): 
uri"flr"mr^yar ^a. 2. Gardemalade (m. & /.) : gard ma"lad',_a. 
II. v. 1. Soigner: swa'nye'. 2. Carder: gar"de'. (All the above 
refer only to the nursing of the sick.) 

nursery. Creche (n. /.): kresfo'^,8 (for infants). nursery* 
garden. Pepiniere (n. f.) : pe'prnT'^yar^a. Abbreviated Peprc. 
nut, n. 1. ficrou (m.): e"kru' (mechanical). 2. Noix (/.): nwa 
(tree). 3.tNolsette (/.) : nwa'zet'. nutscracker, a. 1. Engaloche: 
ah ga"15Sh'^,a (said of the nose and chin). 2. Prognathe (m. & /.) : 
preg"nat' (said of the jaw: a mark of identification). 



sis. 
set. 
bwit 

nuf. 

dls. 

ehz. 

duz. 

traz. 

ka'terz'. 

kahz. 

saz. 

dls'^set'. 

dlz'wlt'. 

dlz'nuf. 

van. 

vaii'tg'an'. 

vah'du'. 

vah"trwa'. 

vah'kat'^ra. 

vah'sahk'. 

van'sls'. 

van*set'. 

vah'wlt'. 

vah'nuf. 

trant. 

traht'^e-an'. 

tranfdu'. 

kar"Qnt'. 

sah"kant'. 

swas"^,saht'. 

ka"tra-vah'. 

ka"tra-vahdl3'. 

son. 

sant's^an'. 

du son. 

mil. 

dl mil. 

ah mil*v ysh'. 

nen"bru'; nombreuse (/.): 



oak. Chfine (n. TO.): slian. 
oar. Rame (n. /.) : ram'^a. 
oath. Serment (n. TO.): sar"man'. on or under oath. Sous 

la fol du serment: su la fwa du sar'mah'. 
oats. Avoine (n. /.) : av^wan'. 
obedience. Ob6issance (n. /.) : o"be"Is"^sans'. 
obey, v. Ob6ir: o"be"lr'. obey orders! Obeyez aux ordres! 



dttne; 



habit; 



aide; 

go; 



au =- out; oil 

- sing; Ship; 



iQ - feud; 
hin; this. 



97 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

object. But (n. m.): bii. 

objective. Objectif (n. TO.): ob"3ek"tlf'. the objective to 
be attained. L'o'ojectlf a attelndre: leb*3ek"tlf a at"_tan'dr. 

oblige, v. 1. Obliger: o'bll^S'. 2. Faire plaisir a: far pla"zlr' 
a. I am very much obliged to you. Je vous suis bien oblige: 
38 vQ ewl bl'^yah' o'bll'se'. 

oblique, a. Oblique (m. & /.) : eb"llk'. 

obliterate, v. Effacer: eP^-fa'se'. 

observation. 1. Observation (n. /.): ob"sar / WsI / 's_yen / . 2. 
Surveillance (n. /.) : sur"va*^,yans'. army observation corps. 
Corps d'armee d'observation: ker dar*mg' deb"sar"va*sl*^yen'. 
o. balloon. Ballon d'observation (n. m.) : bal*^,len' dob"sar*- 
va'sl'^yeri'. o.car. 1. Volture observatoire: vwa'tur' ob*- 
sar*va"uvar' (military). 2. Wagon observatoire: va'gen' ob*- 
sar'va'twar' (railway). o. post. Poste d'observation: pest 
dob*sar"va"sl*^yon'. to take an o. Faire une observation: 
far un^ob*sar'va*sr_yen'. 

observatory. Observatoire (n. m.): ob"sar ( Wtwar / . Ab- 
breviated Obsre. 

observe, v. Observer: ob"sar"Ve'. observer. Observateur 
(n. m.): ob'sar'va'tur'. 

obstacles. Obstacles (n. m.): oVsta'kla. to encounter 
obstacles. Rencontrer des obstacles: ran'ben'tre' dez^ob'- 
sta'kla. 

obstruct, v. 1. Obstruer: ob"stru"e'. 2. Barrer: bor^re'. 
3. Fermer: far"mS'. 

obstructed. 1. Barre: bar"re'. 2. Ferme: far*me'. 

obtain, v. 1. Obtenir: ob'^ta-nlr'. 2. Procurer: pro"ku"re'. 
easily obtained.' Facile a obtenlr: fa'sll' a ob'^te-nlr'. 

obturator. Obturateur (n. m.): ob"tu"ra"tur / (a shutter or 
check) . 

occupation. Occupation (n. /.): ok"^,ku / 'pa''sr^yen'. oc- 
cupation of a country. Inoccupation d'un pays: lok'^.ku'pa'- 
sl'^yen' dan pa'^yl'. 

occupy, v. Occuper: ek"Tcu"pe'. 

October. Octobre (n. m.): ok"to'bra. 

odometer. Odometre (n. m.): o"do"ma.'^,tT& (speed indicator) . 

of. De: da. of it. En: on. of them. En: an. on the 
first of January. Le premier Janvier: la pra-mT^ye' soii'vl*^ 
ye'. to consist of. Conslster en: ken'sls'te' an. 

off. I. a. Eloigne (m.), eloignee (/.): el"wa"^n y e'. II. adv. 
Loin: Iwah. far off. Tres eloignee: traz*^,61wa*^nye'. off 
side. Cote hors montoir: kO'te' her men'twdr' (the right hand side 
of a horse). off wita you! Allez! al'^16'. 

offender, n. 1. Coupable (m.): ku'pa'^bla. 2. Deh'nquant 
(m.): de'lan'kon'. 3. Criminel (m.): krt'ml'ner; criminelle (/.): 
kriml"ner. 

offense, n. 1. Crime (m.): krlm. 2. Delit (TO.): de^it'. 3. 
Infraction (/.) a la lol mllltaire: ah"frak'sl^,yon' a la Iwa mTU'tar'. 

offensive. I. a. Offensif (m.): of ff ^f an*slf ; offensive (/.): of*_ 
fah'slv'. II. n. Offensive (/.): of'_fah*slv'. to act on or 
assume the offensive. Prendre I'offensive: pran'^dra lof*^ 
fan'slv'. 

office. Bureau (n. m.): bu^ro 7 . Abbreviated fi<. 

officer. Officier (n. m.): oi"^fi"sl f '^ye'. field officer. Of- 
flcier superieur: of"^fl*sr^ye' sii*p6'rl* s ^yur'. nonscommis- 
sloned o. Sousofncler: sQz^of*^n"sI'^ye'. o. of the day. 
Offlcler de jour: of^fl'sl'v^yg' da 3Qr senior o. Offlcier supe- 
rieur: of*_frsr r ^ye' sa'pe'rl'^yur 7 . staff<o. Offlcler d'etat- 
major: of"^fl r sr^y6' de'ta' ma'ser*. subordinate o. Un 
sous-ordre (n. m.): an sQz^er'dra. supply o. 1. Offlcier 
d'approvlslonnement: of*^.fl*srs_y6' dap*^pro*vl*zr^,yon'^na- 
man'. 2. Intendant, ou souslntendant : an'tori'dan'. Q sQz^ 

l habit; aisle; au =- out; oil; id - feud; 

dUne; Cllin; go; rj - ein^; ^hip; Olin; this. 



official A SERVICE DICTIONARY 98 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
an"tah"dan'. warranto. Military. 1. Offlcier brevete (m.): 
bra-va-te'. 2. Ad judant sousomcier (m.): ad'su dan'suz^of*_fr- 
sl'^yg'. 3. Naut. Maitre 6 Equipage i.):ma'^trade*kr'pa3 / ^e. 

official. I. a. Officiel (m.), omcieiie (/.): of* ^fi"si"^yel'. II. n. 
Fonctionnaire (m.): fehk*sr^yeu"_nar'. of&cial boundary 
mark. Bornes militaires: ber'^na nl'irtfir'. o. report. Pro- 
ces-verbal (m.): pro se" vlr^bal'. 

Often, adv. Souvent: sii'Van'. 

ogival, ogive. Ogive (n. /.) : o"3iv' (pointed arch at the head 
of a shot). elongated ogive. Ogive allongee: o'slv' al'^len'36'. 

truncated o. Ogive tronquee: o'glv' treh"ke'. 

oil. I. n. Huile (n. /.): wil. II. v. 1. Huiler: wHe'. 3. Grais- 
ser: gras"s6' (lubricate a machine'). lubricating oil. 1. Huile 
lubriflante: wll lii"brl"fr^yant'. 2. Graisse (n./.): gras (fat or other 
lubricator). oil 'buffer. Frein hydraulique (n. m.}: fran I'dre*- 
lik'. oilman. 1. Bidon a huile (n. m.): bl'den' a wll. 2. Bu- 
rette (n. /.): bu'ret'. 

ointment. Onguent (n. m.}: erV'gan'. boracic ointment. 
Vaseline boriquee: va'sa-lln' be'rrke'. 

old, a. 1. Ancien (m.) : an"si"^,yan'; ancienne (/.) : on^st^yen'. 
Abbreviated Ancn. 2. (1) Vieux (m.): vl'^yu'. Abbreviated 
Vx. (2) Vieille (/.) : vi'^yel'. Abbreviated Vile. 

"Old Contemptibles." Nickname of the British Expedi- 
tionary Force in France in 1914. From the reference of the 
German Emperor to "England's contemptible little army." 

Olive, n. 1. Olivier (TO.): o"irvl"^ye' (the tree or its wood). 2. 
Olive (/.): o'llv' (fruit). . [om'nrbtis'. 

omnibus, n. 1. Autobus (m.): o"t6"bus'. 2. Omnibus (n. m.): 

on, adv. Sur: siir. 

once, adv. 1. Une fois: tin fwa. 2. Jadis: 3a"dls' (formerly). 

once again. Derechef (adv.) : da-ra-slief' . o. a week. Une 
fois par semaine: (in fwa par sa-man'^a. 

one. I. a. Un (m.): an; une (/.): tin. II. pron. 1. 1 On: 
eh. 2 L'on; Ion. 2. Celui (m.): sa-lwl'; celle (/.): sel. 3. 
Quelqu'un: kel'kan'. one another. L'un 1'autre (m.): Ian 
16'tra; 1'une 1'autre (/.): Ivin 15'tra. ones^.rnied, a. Manchot 
(m.): man'sliO'; manchote (/.): man*sli5t'. oneeyed, a. 
Borgne (m. &/.): bern'^ya. oneshanded, a. Manchot (m.): 
mah'slio'; manchote (/.): man'sliOt'. onelegged. Qui n'a 

au'une jambe: kl na kiin sanb one o'clock. Une heure: tin Or. 
on. Oignon (n. m.): e"^,nyoiV. 

only, adv. Seulement: sul"^mdn'. 

onrush. Pouss6e (n. /.) : pus'^se'. 

onslaught. Assaut furieux: as'^so' fu"ri"u'. 

onward. En avant: an^,a"vah'. 

ooze. I. n. Vase (/.): vdz'^a. II. v. Suinter: swan"te'. 

open. I. a. 1. Ouvert (m.): u"var'; ouverte (/.): u"vart'v_8. 
2. Loyal (m.), loyale (/.): lwa"yal" (said of character). II. v. 
Ouvrir: Q'vrtr'. open! Ouvrez! u"vre'. in the o. En ter- 
rain decouvert: an tar*^ran' de'kQ'var'. o. order. Ordre 
etendu: er'dra e'tah'du'. o. out. r. S'allonger: sal'^len'ge'. 
o. the door. Ouvrez la porte: u*vr5' la pert'^a. to o. the 
way. Ouvrir le chemin a: u'vilr 7 la ^ha-man' a. 

opening. Ouverture (n. /.) : u"var"tur'. 

operate, v. Op6rer: 6"pe"re'. You must be operated on. 
II faut vous operer: II f6 vQz^o*p6"re'. 

operation. Operation (n. /.): o"pe"ra ff si"^yen'. impending 
operations. Operations imminentes: o'De'ra'sr^yenz'^im*^ 
mrnant'. the theatre of o. Le theatre des operations: la 



opinion. Opinion (n. /.): o"pl"m"v_,yon'. 
opponent. Adversaire (n. m.): ad"var*'sar'. 
opportunity. Occasion (n. /.) : ek"'^ 



1 = habit; aisle; au = out; eil; lu = feud; 
dUne; ClliD; go; r) -- sino; sllip; hin; this. 



99 A SERVICE DICTIONARY Offl j5lt 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 
Obey; gO; net; 6r; full; rQle; but; burn; 3 = final; 

oppose, P. Opposer: ep"^p6"ze'. the opposing forces. 

Lea forces opposees: 16 fer'_sa ep'^pO'zS'. 

opposite. En face: ah fas. 

optics, n. pi. Optique (/. sing.) : op*tlk'. 

or, con;. Ou: Q. 

orange. Orange (n. /.): o"rdh'v^3 a. orange tree. Granger 
(n. m.): o'ran"3<5'- Abbreviated Or"-. 

oratory. Oratoire (n. m.): o"ra*twdr'. Abbreviated~0ra. 

orchard. Verger (n. m.): var^e'. 

order. I. . 1. Commande (/.): kem'^mand'^d. 2. Ordre 
(/n.): er'^dra. II. v. 1. Ordonuer: er*den*^;ng'. 2. Commander: 
kem'^mon'de'. admission order. Billet d'entree: bl*^ye' 
dan'trS'. await further orders. Attendre des ordres ulte- 
rleurs: at'^tan'dra dez^er'^dra ul*t6"rrur'. close order. 
Ordre serre: er'_dra sar^re'. discharge o. Billet de sortie: 
bl'^yg' da ser*tl'. emergency o. Billet d'urgence: bl'^ye' 
dur*3ah'_sa. eitended o. Ordre etendu: er'_dra 6"tan'du'. 
formal orders. Ordres formels: er'^dra fer"mel'. general o. 
Ordres generaux: er'^dra 36"n6"rS'. In order. En regie: an 
rg'^gla. open o. Ordre disperse: er'^.dra dls"par"se'. op- 
eration orders. Ordres d'operation: er'^dra de"pe"ra"sr^,yen'. 
order of the day. Ordre du jour: er'_dra dii sur. o. for 
drugs. Bon de medicaments: ben da me"drka"mah'. o. for 
food. Bon d'aliments: boh da'irman'. o. of march. Ordre 
de marche: er'^dra da mar'^sha. routine orders. Ordres du 
service courant: er'^dra dii sar"vls' ku"ran.'. order of senior- 
ity. Ordre d'anciennete: er'^dra dafi"sr^yen"^na-te'. stand- 
Ing orders. Ordres permanent^: er'_dra par" ma" nan'. 

orderly. 1. Officier d'ordonnance: of"^fl"sr\_ye' der"den"^ 
nans'. 2. Planton (n. m.) : plan'teh' (room orderly). 3. Ordonnance 
(n. /.) : er*den*^nans'. be on o. duty. Etre de planton: a'tra da 
plan'ten'. hospital o. Inflrmier (n. m.): ah'nr"mi"^,y6'. 
o. officer. 1. Offlcier de jour: ef* ^fTsr^ye' da stir. 2. Offlcier 
d'ordonnance: of'^fl'sr^yg' der*den"_nans'. orderly man. 
Garde de camp: gdrd da kan. o. In waiting. Planton (n. TO.): 
plan'ten'. 

ordinary. I. a. Ordinaire (m. & /.) : er"di"nar' (that is com- 
mon: said of meals, wine, etc.). II. n. Ordinaire (m.): er"dr r nar / 
(private soldiers' mess or allowance of wine). See MESS. 

ordnance. 1. Matfiriel de guerre (m.): ma*te"rl"^,yer da gar. 
2. Artillerie (n. /.): ar"tr^ya-rl'. ordnance map. 1. Carte du 
depot de la guerre: kart dii de"p6' da la gar. 2. Carte d'etat 
major: kart de*ta' ma'sef. piece of o. Piece d'artillerie: pl'yas' 
dar"tr_ya-rl'. 

organize, v. Organiser: er*ga"nl"ze'. 

orientation. Orientation (./.): o"rl"ah"ta"sl / 'v_yen / (finding 
one's bearings). 

osierground, o.'Iand. Oseraie (n. /.): 6z"ra'. 

other. Autre (pn.): 6'^tra. each other. L'un 1'autre: Ian 
10'^tra. no o. than. Personne autre quo: par*seu'^na 5'^tra 
ka. of all others. Entre tous: an'^,tra ta. the other day. 
L'autre jour: 10'^tra 3Qr. 

ounce. Once (n. /.): ens (28 grammes). 

our, pron. Notre (sing.): no'^tra; nos (pi.): no. 

ourselves, pron. Nous-meme: nu"mam / . 

oust, v. 1. Ddbusquer: de"bu3"ke'. 2. Deloger: d^'lo^e'. 

out, adv. 1. Dehors: da-er' (outside). 2. So/ti: ser"tl' (gone 
out). 3. Sur pied: sttr pl'^ye' (military). 4. Epuise: e"p\vi*zo' 
(usedup). out of. 1. Aboutde: abQda. 2.Sans:san. 3. Huns: 
dan (out of a book). 4. Par: par. out there. La bas: la ba (a 
euphemism for No Alan's Land or Le Pays des .Vor/x. Sec No 
MAN'S LAND) . to be out of. 1. Etro sans: il'^tra son (be without) . 
2. Manquer de: man"ke > da (short of). 3. A bout de: a bQ da. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine; Cllin; go; rj = sing; sllip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 100 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

outbuilding. Dependance (n. /.) : de"pan"ddhs'. 

outfit, fiquipement (n. TO.): "klp"man'. 

outflank, v. 1. Deborder: dS"ber"dS'. 2. Tourner: tur"ne". 

outgoing, a. Sortant: ser"tdh' (of ships'). [sliS'. 

outlet, n. 1. Sortie (/.): ser"tl'. 2. Debouche (TO.): de"bu"- 

outlying, a. 1. Avanc6 (TO.), avanc6e (/.): a"van"se'. 2. 
Eloigne (m.), eloignee (/.): el"wa"^nye'. 

outnianeuver, v. Surpasser en manoeuvre: sur"pas"^se' an 
ma"nu'^,vra. 

outnumber, v. 1. D6passer: de"pas"se'. 2. Surpasser en 
nombre: siir /f pas' p ^s6' an nen'bra. 

outpost. Ayant^poste (n. TO.): a"van"p6st / . outpost re- 
serves. Reserves d'avant*poste: re"zarv' da* van* post'. o. 
screen. Reseau d'avant*poste: re"z5' da"van*post'. 

outset. D6but (n. m.) : de"bu'. at the outset. Au d6but: 
6 de'bii'. 

outside. I. adv. 1. Dehors: da-er'. 2. Hors de: her da 
(excepting). 11. n. 1. Dehors (m.): da-er'. 2. L'exterieur: leks"- 
tg"rl"^y0r'. 3. Rissole (m.): rls"^,sol' (of roast meat). III. adv. 

I. En dehors: an da-er'. 2. A 1'exterieur: a leks*te"rl''_yur'. 
outside Belgium. Hors la Belglque: her la bcl"3lk'. 

OUtskirt, n. 1. Bord (TO.): ber (general). 2. Faubourg (TO.): 
fo"bur' (of a town). 3. Lisiere (/.): H"zr^yar' (of a fore st or wood) . 

outspoken, a. Franc (TO.): frah; franche (/.): fran'^-sTia. 

outstep, outstrip, v. Devancer: da var^se'. 

outward, adv. 1. A I'ext6rieur: a leks"te"rl"v_,yur'. 2. Au 
dehors: o da-her'. 

outwit, v. Surpasser en finesse: siir"pas"^,,se' an fi"nes'. 

outworks. Ouvragesavances:uv"rd3 / a"vah"se / . Abbreviated 

oval, a. Ovale (TO. & /.) : 6"val'. 

oven, n. 1. Four (TO.): fur. 2. Fourneau (TO.): fur"no'. Ab- 
breviated F. baking oven. Four a pain: fur a pan. 
mobile field =o. Four roulant de campagne: fur ru"lan' da kan"- 
pa'^nye. Compare CAMPOVEN under OVEN. 

over. I. adv. 1. D'un cot6 a 1'autre: dan ko"te' a lo'^tra (from 
side to side). 2. Par-dessus: par*des"^,sii' (on the surface). 3. 
Au*dessus: o"da-sii' (above). 4. Passe: pas"_sg' (said of danger) . 

II. prep. 1. Sur: siir. 2. Pardessus: See def. 2 above. 3. Au 
dessus: See def. 3 above. 4. De 1'autre cote: da 16'_tra ko"te'. 
over again. Derechef (adv.): da-ra-slief. o. there. Par=la: 
par"la'. o. the top! Audessus! o"da-sii' (order to British soldiers 
to climb out of the trenches and attack) . 

overcoat. Pardessus (n. TO.): par / 'des'" v _,su / . [te'. 

overcome, v. 1. Vaincre: van'^,kra. 2. Surmonter: sur"men"- 

overhead. Au*dessus de la t6te: 6"da-su' da la tat. over- 
head firing. Tir passant au-dessus de la tete: tlr pas"^san' o"- 
da-sii' da la tat (flre over the heads of one's advancing troops). 

overlap, v. Envelopper: an"vle 

overload, v. Surcharger: siir^sl 

overlook, v. 1. Dominer: do"ml"ne' (dominate). 2. Com- 
mander: kem*v-,mah"de' (command, as a position). 3. Examiner: 
eg"za"mrne' (look over). 

overnight, adv. 1. Du soir au lendemain: dti swar 6 lan"da- 
man'. 2. Pendant la nuit: pan" dan' la nwl. 3. La veille au 
solr: la ve^ya 6 swar. he stayed overnight. II passa la 
nult: II pas*_sa' la nwl. 

overpay, v. 1. Payer trop: pa^ye' tro. 2. Payer trop cher: 
pa"^y6' tro .<har (pan too much for). 

overpopulated, a. Trop peup!6: tro py"ple'. 

overpower, v. 1. Subjuguer: siib / '3u"ge' (subjugate). 2. 
Vaincre: vaix'^kra (conquer) 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

cliine; cliin; go; r) = sing; sllip; thin; this. 



101 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; 
obey; gO; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
overrule, v. 1. Rejeter: ra-3a-te'. 2. Casser: kas"se' (annul). 
overthrow. I. n. Defaite (/.): de'fat'. II. v. 1. Mettre eii 

dSroute: met'^tre an rle'rQt' (rout). 2. DeTaire: de'far' (defeat). 

3. Culbuter: kul'bu'te' (throw occV. 
overwhelm, r. 1. Accabler: ak"^ka"bl5'. 2. Ecraser: e" r kra"- 

zG' (crush). 
owe, t'. Devoir: da-vwar'. owing to. En raison de:_an ra"- 

sen' da. to be owing to. Etre dft a: a'^tra du a. you owe 

me that. Vous me devez ca: vQ ma da-ve' so. 
owner. Propri6taire (n. m.): pro"pri"^ye w trir / 
ox, n. [OXEN, pi.] Bosuf: buf; boeufs (pi.): bu. 
oysters. Hultres (n. /.) : wl'^tra. 



pace. I. n. 1. Pas (m.): pa (step). 2. Allure (/.): aT^lur' 
(carriage; way of walking). II. r. 1. Marcher au pas: mar" She' 6 
pa. 2. Aller au pas: al'-^le' 5 pa. double quick pace. Pas 
redouble: pa ra-du'ble'. quicken the p. Accelerer le pas: 
ak*s*ie*re' la pa. set the p. Regler 1'allure: re'gle' lo'lur 7 . 
pacing. Amble (n. m.): ah'^bla. 

pacifist. Pacifiste (n. TO.): pa"si"flst'. 

pack. I. n. 1. Havresac du fantassin (m.) : ha"^vra-sak' dii 
fan'tas'^san'. 2. Bat (m.): ba (pac k*saddle) . 3. Sac (m.): sak. 
II. r. Emballer: an"bal*^,le'. pack animals. Auimaux de bat: 
an'I'mO' da ba. p.shorse. Cheval de bat: sTia-val' da ba. p. 
of cards. Jeu de cartes (m.) : 3" da kart. 

package. Colis (n. TO.): ke"li'. 

packet. Paquet (n. TO.): pa"ke'. 

packing, n. 1. Chemise (/.): sTia-mlz'^a (asbestos wrapped 
around a machine-gun to prevent the icater which cools the barrel 
from leaking). 2. Emballage (m.): an*bar_lu3'. 

pad. I. n. 1. Bourrelet (TO.): bur"^,ra-le'. 2. Tampon (TO.): 
tan'pen'. II. r. 1. Ouater: \va"te' (as icith absorbent cotton). 
cotton >pad. Tampon de colon: tan'iwn' da ko'toh'. 

paddock, n. Pr6 (m.): pre (small meadow). 

padlock. I. n. Cadenas (TO.) : ka"^da-nd'. II. v. Cadenasser: 
ka" ^ d a-nas* ^,se' . 

paid. Pay 6: pa"^ye'. 

pail. Seau (n. TO.): so. 

pain, n. 1. Douleur (/.): diV'lur'. 2. Mai (TO.): mal. acute 
pain. 1. Douleur vive: dO'lOr 7 vlv. 2. Mal atroce: mal a'tros'. 
are you in much pain? Souffrez-vous beaucoup? suf^fre'- 
vfl bO'kQ'. he suffers great p. II souffre beaucoup: 11 sOf'^fra 
bo'ku'. I am in much p. Je souffre beaucoup: 33 saf'^_fra 
bo'kQ'. in great p. Tres souffrant: tra sQf'^fran'. internal 
p. Mal Interne: mal an* tarn'. much p. Beaucoup de mal: 
bo'kQ' da mal. my pains are internal. Mes douleurs sont 
intornes: mg du'lur* sent^afrtfirn'. to suffer p. Souffrir: sQf*^ 
Mr 1 . where Is your p.? Ou est votre mal? Q 6 v6'_tra rnal. 

painful, a. Douloureux (TO.): du"lu''ru'; douloureuse (/.): du"- 
IQ'ruz'. 

pair, n. 1. Paire (/.): par (as of gloves). 2. Ct uple (TO.): ku'^. 
pla (as of man and wife). 

palace. Palais (n. TO.): pa"lfi'. 

pale, a. Pale (TO. & /.) : pal. 

paling, palisade. Palissade (n. /.): pa"lis"^,sud'. 

pannier. Panier (n. TO.) : pa w m w ^ye' (a wicker basket for pro- 
MM*). 

pants, n. pi. Pantalon (TO.): pan"ta*leh'. 
paper, n. 1. Papier (TO.): pa"pl"_ye' (writing*paper) . 2. 
Journal (m.): sQr'nal' (n<->r*pnprr). evening paper. Journal 
1 = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 
dune; Chin; go; = sing; ship; fllin; this. 



parachute A SERV ICE DICTIONARY 102 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

du soir: 3ur"ncir clii swar. morning p. Journal clu matin: 

3ur*na' dti ma" tail' .papers, n. pi. 1. Papiers (pi.) : papr_y5' 

(personal papers). 2. Journaux (pi.): 3dr"no' (newspapers). 
parachute, n. Parachute (m.): pa"ra"shut'. 
parade, n. 1. Parade (/.): paired'. 2. Place d'armes (/.): 

plas darm (drill ground). 

parados. Revers (n. TO.): ra-var' (as of a trench). [pe"trol'. 
paraffin, n. 1. Paraffine (/.) : pa'Wfm'. 2. Petrole (n. TO.): 
parallel. I. n. Parallele (n. /.): pa"rar_lal'. II. v. Mettre 

dans une llgne parallele a: met'^tra danz'^iin U'^nya pa"rar^ 

lal' a. 

paralyze, v. Paralyser: pa"ra"li"ze'. 
parapet. Parapet (n. TO.): pa"ra"pe'. battery sparapet. 

Epaulement de batterie (n. m.): e"pol"man' da bat"^ta-rl'. 

glacis or slope of a p. Plongee (n. f.) : plon"3e'. protective p. 

Masse couvrante (/.) : mas'^sa ku'vrant'. See BREASTWORK. top 

of p. Crete de feu (/.) : krat da fu. 
parcel. Paquet (n. m.): pa"ke'.- how much will this par- 

cel cost? Combien coutera ce paquet? ken."br^yan' kii"^ta-ra' 

sa pa"ke'. p. post. Poste des colls postaux (/.) : post de ko"H' 

pos"to'. p.sroom. Conslgne (./.): ken"sl'._nya. 
pardon, pardon me. Pardon (n. TO.): par"den'. I beg your 

pardon. 1. Pardonnez*moi : par"den"ne' mwa. 2. Je vous de- 

mande pardon: 33 vu da-mend' par"den'. [la vll da pa'rl'. 

Paris. Paris: pa"ri'. the City of Paris. La ville de Paris: 
park. I. n. Pare (TO.): park. II. v. Parquer: par"ke'. 

gun park. Pare des pieces: park de p!"^.yas'. wagon p. Pare 

a voitures (n. f.) : park a v\va"tur'. 
parley. I. n. Pourparler (n. TO).: pur"par"le'. II. v. Parle- 

menter: par"^la-man"te'. 

parlor. Petit salon (n. TO.): pa-tl' sa"len'. [pa"rol'. 

parole. Parole (n./.): pa" rol'. on parole. Sur parole : siir 
part. I. n. 1. Partie (/.) : par"tl'. 2. Part (/.): par. 3. Role 

(m.): rol. II. v. 1. Partager: par*ta"3e'. 2. Separer: se"pa"re'. 

component part. Partie constitutive: par"tl' ken"sti"tii"tiv'^, 
a. to play a part. Jouer un role: 3u*_e' an rol'^a. 

parting, n. 1. Separation (/.): se"pa"ra"si"^,yen'. 2. Depart 
(m.): de"par' (departure). 3. Rale (/.): ra (of the hair). with a 
parting. Avec la rale: a"vek' la ra (said of the hair: a mark of 
identification). 

party, n. 1. Partie (/.): par"tl'. 2. Detachement (TO.): de"- 
tasli*^a-mah'. conducting party. Cadre de conduite (?.): 
ka'^dra da ken"dwlt'. forage p. Corvee de fourrage: ker"ve' 
da fur'ras'^a. fuel p. Corvee de vlvres: ker"ve' da vl'^vra. 

storming p. Detachement pour donuer 1'assaut: d6"ta"^sha- 
moh' pur den'^ne' las*^,sp'. working p. Detachement de tra- 
vailleurs: de"ta*^sha-maii' da tra"val"^yur'. 

pass. I. n. 1. Permis (TO.): par"mi'. 2. Laissez-passer (TO.): 
ias"^se' pas'^se'. 3. Col (m.): kel (mountain'}. 4. Gorge (/.): 
ger'^,38. Abbrev. Grge. II. v. Passer: pas'^se'. passable. 
Praticable (a. m. & f.): pra*tl"ka'^,bla. passing not allowed. 
Defense de passer: de'fan'^sa da pas"^se'. passing troops. 
Troupes qui passent: trup kl pas'^sa. pass this way. Passez 
par ici: nas"^,se' par I"sl'. to p. through the lines. Franchlr 
les lignes: fran"shlr / le H'nya. without a p. Sans permls: 
son par"ml'. 

passage. Passage (n. TO.): pos'^sa'^a. Abbreviated Pge 

passenger. Voyageur (n. TO.): vwa"ya"3ur-'. 

passport. Passeport (n. TO.): pas"per'. 

password. Mot d'ordre: mo der'v_dra. 

pastern. Paturon (n. TO.): pa"tu"ren'. 

pasture. Paturage (71. TO.): pa"tu"ra3'^a. highland pas- 
ture. Haut paturage: h5 



_ 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = fed; 
dttne; Cliin; go; n = sing; ghip; thin; this. 



103 A SERVICE DICTIONARY p e 

artistic; art; fat; fire; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; 6r; full; rQle; but; burn; 9 = final; 

path, n. 1. Chemin (m.)t she-man' (in general). 2. Senticr 
(m.): san'tr^yg' (foot path). 3. Passage (m.): pas'sas'^a. to 
make good a path. Faciliter un passage: fa'sril'tg' afi pas*^ 
sBVv^a. (see(/.): bles'^sfi'. 

patient, n. 1. Malado (.&/.): nm"ldd'. 2. Blesse (m.1, hi -s- 

patrol. Patrouille (n. /.): pa"tru">_i'^y a. cavalry patrol. 
Patrouille de cavalcrio: pa*trtl''^I'^ya da ka*va"^,la-rl'. recon- 
noitring p. Patrouille de reconnaissance: pa'trir'^I'o.ya da 
ra-ken*^na8*^,8an'^,sa. standing p. Patrouille permanente: 
pa*tru^I'_ya par"ma*nant'_a. to send out patrols. En- 
voyer des patrouilles: an'vwo'ye' de pa'trQ'^I'^ya. 

pattern, . 1. Type (m.): tip. 2. Modele (m.): mo"del'^a. 

pause. Arret (n. m.): ar"^,re'. sudden pauses. Des arrets 
subits: dez_ar^r6' su'bl'. 

pave, r. Paver: pa"ve'. to pave the way. Aplanir le chemin : 
a'pld'ulr 7 la sha-man'. 

pavement. Trottoir (n. m.): tref^twar'. 

pavilion. Pavilion (n. m.): pa"vi"^yen'. Abbreviated Pon. 

paving. Pave (n. m.): pa"ve'. bad paving. Mauvais pav6: 
mO'va' pa've'. pa\Ingstone. Pave (n m.): pa've'. 

pay. I. n. 1. Solde (/.) : sel'^da. 2. Paye (/.) : pa'^ya. II. 
r. 1. Payer: pa'^ye'. 2. Sondoyer: su'dwa'^ye'. Army Pay 
Department in the Field. Service de la Tresorerie (m.): sar*- 
vls'^a da la tre'zo'^ra-rt'. Clerk of the Army Pay Depart- 
ment. Commis de tresorerie (/.): kom'^ml' da 



how much have I to pay you? Comhlen doisje vous payer? 
ken'bl'^yah' dwa'^sa vfl pa'^yg'. I want to pay my bill. 
Je veux payer moncompte: 33 vu pa'^ye' mon ken'^ta. pay 
and allowances. Solde et indemnites: sel'^da e ah"demm"te'. 

pay^book. Livret individual: H'vre' an*dl"vrdu"el'. extra 
pay. Haute paye: h5t pa'^ya. full pay. Solde entiere: sel'_ 
da an'tr^yar'^a. half pay. Demlsolde: da-mi' sel'^da. In 
the pay of. A la soldo de: a la sel'^da da. on half pay. En 
demi'solde: an da-mi' sel'^da. reduced pay. Pension propor- 
tionnelle (/.): pan'sl'^yen' pr0*per*sl*^yen''^nel' (proportional 
allowance granted to men rendered unfit for service by wounds or 
sickness contracted ichile on duty). retired pay. Pension de re- 
forme (f.): pan'sr^yeh' da re'fer'^ma (granted to officers after 
twenty years of xcrrice). 

paymaster. Tr^sorier (n. m.): tre"z5"rl / ' s _ye'. assistant 

paymaster. Payeur adjoint: pfl'^,yur^ ad'swan'. divisional p. 

Payeur particulicr: pa'^yur' par*trkii"ir^yo'. 
pea. Pois (n. m.) : pwa. green peas. Petits pois: pa-tl' pwa. 
peace. Paix (n. /.): pa. on a peace footing. Sur un pied 

de paix: stir an pl'^ye 7 da pa. 

peajacket, n. 1. \Vste (/.) : vfus'^ta. 2. Veston (m.) : vas'ten'. 
peak, n. 1. Pic (m.): plk. 2. Piton(m.): pl"ton'. 3. Ai- 

guille (/.): a"gwr_ya. 4. Vislere (/.): vl'zr^yar' (visor of a cap). 
peal, n. 1. Bruit (m.): brwi. 2. Bdat (m.): e*kld' (of 

thunder). 3. Carillon (m.): ka'rt'^yeh' (of bells). *. Salve (/.): 

sal' ^ va (of cannon). [rT^yP'. 

pear. Poire (n. /.) : pwar. peartree. Poirier (m.): pwa"- 
peasant, n. Paysan (m.) : pa"I"^zun'; paysanne (/.) : pf^^^zan'. 
peat'bed. Tourbiere (n. /.) : tur"bl"yar'. 
pebble. Caillou (n. m.): kai"-^yu'. 
pedal. Pedale (n. /.) : pe"dal'_a. 
peel. I. n. 1. PeaU (/.): po. 2. Pelure (/.): pa-liir'. 3. 

Ecorse (/.): e'kors' (of oranges, lemons). II. r. Peler: pa-le'. 
peg, n. Piquet (m.): pl"ke' (tent'peg). picketing p. Piquets 

a crochets, (or) pointes: pl'kgz'^a kro'shC' pwant. to fix the 

pegs. Planter les piquets: plan'tg' 16 pl'kg'. 
pen, n. 1. Plume (/.): pliim (for writing'). 2. Poulailler (TO.): 

pQ'lal'^yg' (for poultry). 3. Pare (m.): pork (for cattle). _ 
i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 
diino; Cliin; go; rj = sing; Sllip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 104 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; iflle; but; burn; a = final; 

penal, a. 1. Penal (m.), penale (/.): pe"ndl'. 2. Punissable 

(m. & /.) : pu'nls'^sa'bla. 
penalty, n. 1. Amende (/.) : a"man'x^da. 3. Peine (/.) : p5n. 

3. Chatlment (m.): Sha'tl'mQA'. 
pencil. Crayon (n. m.): krii"yen'. 
penetrate, . Penetrer dans: pe"ne"tre' dan. 
peninsula. Presqu'ile (n. /.): pres'^Il'^a. Abbreviated 

Pr. I. 

penknife. Canif (m.) : ka"nif . 
penny. Sou (n. m.): su. it's not worth a penny. a m- 

vaut pas un sou: sa na vo paz^an sQ. to be without a penny. 

N'avoir nl sou ni maille: na"vwnr' nl sQ nl mai'^ya. 
pension. Pension (n. /.) : pan"si"v_,yen'. 
people, n. 1. Peuple (m.): pu'v^pla (a nation). 2. Gens (m. 

plur.): 3011 (persons in general). people say. On dit: en dl. 

the p. of. Les habitants cle: le^a"bl"tciri' da. 
pepper. Poivre (n. m.): pwd'^vr a. cayenne pepper. 

Poivre rouge: pwa'<_,vra ru'^sa. pepper and salt. Poivre et 

sel: pwa'^vra e se! (said of hair: a mark of identification') . 
perceive, v. Apercevoir: a"par"^sa-ywar'. 
percentage. Pour*cent (m.) : pur"sdn'. 
percussion dock. Platine percutante (n. /.) : plo/'tin' par"kii"- 

tfint'^a. 

perfect, a. Parfait (m.): par"fa'; parfaite (/.): par"fat'^a. 
perform, v. 1. Ex6cuter: eg"ze"ku"te' (carry out). 2. S'ac- 

quitterdc: sa''klt,*^,tc' da (accomplish). 3. Jouer: su"^e' (music, 

acting, etc.)- performance'. 1. Aoeomplissement (n. m.): ak*,_, 

ken"plls"^,sa-mau'. 3. Execution (/.): eg"ze"ku"s!^,yeh'. 
perhaps, adv. Peut^tre: put^^a'^tra. 
perimeter. P6rimetre (n. m.): pe"rrma'^tra. 
period, n. 1. Temps (m.) : tan. 2. Periode (/.) : pe"rl"6d'^a. 

3. Duree (/.): du'rO' (dttration). 
periscope. Periscope (n. m.~): pe"ris"kop'x_a. 
permanent, a. Permanent (m.): par"ma"ndn / ; permanente 

(/.) : par"ma"nant'^a. 
permit. I. n. Permission (/.): par // mls w _sl' l '^yen'. II. v. 

Permettre: par"met'^tra. 

perseverance. Perseverance (n. /.): par"se"ve"rdhs / ^a. 
person. Personne (n. /.): par"sen'. 
personnel. Personnel (n. m.) : par"sen ff ^nel'. 
petard. Petard (n. m.) : pe"tdr'. 
petrol, n. 1. Essence (/.): es'^sdns'. 2. P6trole (m.): pe w - 

trol'. can you sell me some petrol? Pouvezvous me ven- 

dre du petrole? pu"ve' vu ma van'^dra du pe"trol'. the p. 

tank is leaking. Le reservoir de petrole coule: la re* r sar"vwar' 

da pg'trol' kul'^a. 

petroleum. Petrole (n. m.): pe"trol'. 
phase, /i. 1. Phase (/.): fdz'^,a. 2. Face (/.): fds'^a. 
phlegmon. Phlegmon (n. m.): flag-men' (suppurative in- 
flammation). 
photograph. I. n. Photographic (n. /.) : fo"to"gra"fl'. II. v. 

Photographier: ro"to"gra"fl"_ye'. full length photograph. 

Photographic en pied: fo"to"gra"f!' ah pr^ye'. half length p. 

Photographic eri buste: f6"to"gra v n' an bus'^ta. photographer. 

Photographe (n. m.): f5"tO"graf'^a. side face photograph. 

Photographic on prolll: fo"t5"gra"n' an pro'ni'^a. three quar- 
ter p. Photographic en troisquarts: fo"t^"gra"fl' an trwa kar. 
physical appearance. Physique (n. m.): fl"zik'. 
pick. I. n. Pic (m.): pik. II. v. Piquer: pl"ke'. pickaxe. 

Pioche (n. /.) : pl"esli'. 

picked men. Hommes d'61ite: em de"l!t'. 
picket, n. 1. Piquet (m.): pi"ke' (camp*guard) . 2. Petit poste 
l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; lu = feud; 
diine; Cliin; go; rj = sing; ^hip; fhin; this. 



105 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fSre; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 
obey; go; not; 6r; full; rQIc; but; burn; a = final; 

(m.): pa-tl' post (outpost). 3. Piquet de terre (m.): pl'ke' de 

tar (stake). oa picket duty. Au piquet: pl'kg'. p.'llne. 

Ligne des avant-postes (/.): H'_nya dSz^a'vfin' pOst. p.<post. 

Petit poste (m): pa-tl' post. p. supports. 1. Grand' gardea 

(/.) : grand gard. 2. La reserve des avantpostes: la rg"zarv' ti&z^, 

a'vfin' post. 

piebald, a. Pie (m. & /.) : pi. 
piece, n. 1. Piece (/.): pl'^yas' (as of money). 2. Morceau 

(m.): mers(5' (as of soap). to take to pieces. Demonter: de"- 

moh'te'. 
pier, n. 1. Embarcaddre (m.): an"'bar / "ka"dar' (of a wharf). 

Abbreviated Emb<-*. 2. Jetee (/".): 38-16' (of a harbor). Abbre- 
viated Jee. 3. Pile (/.): pll (of a bridge). 
pierce, v. Percer: par"se'. piercing, adj. Percant (m.): 

par*san'; percante (/.): par"sflnt'. [fore a consonant). 

pig, n. 1. Cochon (m.): ko"shon'. 2. Pore (m.): pork (por be- 
pigeon. Pigeon (n. m.): pl^en'. carrier *pigeon. Pigeon 

voyageur: pl'sori' v\va"^,ya'30r / . p. loft, n., p. house, n. 1. 

Colombier (m.): ko'len'br^ye'. Abbreviated Colombo 2. 

Pigeonnier (m.): pi*3on*^,nl ^_,ye'. p. post specialist. Sapeur 

colombophile: sa'pur' ko"len*bo"fll'. 
pigsty. Porcherie (n. /.) : per"^slia-ri'. 
pile. I. n. Pile (/.): pll. II. v. 1. Entasser: an"tas"_se'. 2. 

Ranger: rah'se'. 3. Mettre: met'^tra. See PILE ARMS. pile 

arms. 1. Mettez en faisceaux: met*^tz'^,an fa"so'. 2. Formez 

les faisceaux: fer"me' 16 fa"so'. pile*driver. Sonnette (n. /.): 

sen'^net'. pilework, n. 1. Palee (/.) : pa'le'. 2. Pilotage (m.) : 

pl'lo'tas'. 
pillage. I. n. m. Pillage: pr^yos'. II. v. Filler: pi^ye'. 

pillager. Piilard (n. m.): pi'^yar'. 
pillar. Pilier (n. m.) : pl'li^ye'. Abbreviated Pilr. 
pillow, n. Oreiller (m.) : o"re"^ye'. pillowcase. Taie d'oreil- 

ler: ta do're'^ye'. 
pilot. I. n. Pilote (m.): pl'lot'. II. v. Piloter: pl"lo"te'. 

pilot light. Same as "VERY" LIGHT. 
pimpled, . 1. Bourgeonn6 (m.): bur"3en"^ne'. 2. Pustuleux 

(m.): piis'tu'lu'; pustuleuse (/.): pus'tu'luz'. 
pin. I. n. 1. Epingle (n. /.): e"pan'^gla. 2. Cran (m.): kran 

(m machinery). 11. v. 1. Attacher: at'^ta'she'. 2. Epingler: 

C'pan'gie'. 3. Clouer: klQ'e'. safety-pin or check. 1. Gou- 

pille (re. /.): KU'pI'^ya (as on a machine*gun) . 2. Cheville (n. /.): 

sha-vl'^ya (bolt). 
pincers, n. pi. 1. Tenailles (/. pi.): te"noi'^,ya. 2. Pince 

(re. /.) : pans. 

pine*tree. Pin (n. m.): pan. 

pinion. I. n. Pignon (m.): pl'nyen' (g ear*wheel) . II. v. Gar- 
rotter: gar*^r5"t6' (bind a prisoner). 
pioneer, n. m. Sapeur: sa'pur'. 
pioupiou, n. pi'^yu'^pr^yu'. A nickname for a French 

soldier. 
pipe, n. 1. Conduite (/.): ken'dwlt' (as for gas). 2. Tuyau 

(m.): twly5' (as for water). 3. Pipe (/.): pip (for smoking). 
piquet, n. 1. Piquet (m.): p!"ke' (game). 2. See PICKET. 
pistol. Pistolet (n. m.): pls"t6 ff le'. automatic pistol. Pis- 

tolet automatique: pls't5*16' 6'tO'ma'tIk'. 
pit, n. 1. Fosse (/.): fes. 2. Cavite (/.): ka*vl"te'. military 

pit, or pit ;fall. Trou de loup (re. m.): trl da 1Q. 
pitch, t). 1. Asseoir: as^^war' (as a camp). 2. Dresser: 

dres'^86' (as a tent). 3. Etablir: C'ta'tallr 7 (general). 
pity, n. Pitie (/.): prtl"^ye'. 

pivot. I. n. Pivot (m.): pl"vo'. II. r. 1. Faire pivoter: far 

prvo'te'. ?. Plvoter: pl'vo'te'. plvotman. Guide (m.): gld. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine: Cliin; go; n = sin^; ^hip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 106 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
place, n. 1. Place (/.) : plds. 2. Endroit (TO.) : ah"drwd'. 

what place is this? Ou sommes nous ici? Q sSm nus^rsl'. 

Literally, "Where are we here?" 
plain. I. n. Plaine (/.): plan. II. a. 1. Simple: san'^pb (of 

things). 2. Franc: fran (frank). in plain clotiies. See under 

CLOTHES. 

plan, n. Plan (m.): plan. 

plane. Plan (n. m.) : plan. Contraction of aeropZane, biplane, 

etc. (an avion). balancing ;plane. Stabilisateur: sta'bFH"- 

za'tur'. bombarding; =p. Avion de bombardement: a*vr_yen' 

da bon"bar"_da-mun'. bottom p., or lower p. Plan inferieur: 

plan anTe'rr^yur'. range ^finding p. Avion de reglage de 

tir (n. /.): a*vr_y6n' da re"gla3' da tlr. reconnoiterlng<p. 

Avion de reconnaissance: a'vr^yon' da ra-kon'^na'san'^sa. 

top p., upper p. Plan superior: plan sii"pe"ri*^.yur'. 
plantation. Plantation (n. /.): plan"ta"sl\_yah'. 
plaster. Emplatre (n. m.): an"pla'^tra. court splaster. 

Taffetas d'Angleterre: taf'^fa^ta' dan'gla-tar'. p.squarry. 

Platriere (n. /.): pla'trr_yar'. Abbreviated Platrre. sticking-- 

p., n. 1. Diachylum (m.): dra'kl'lum'. 2. Sparadrap (m.): 

spa'ra'dra' (cerecloth or waterproof covering). 
plate, n. 1. Assiette (/.) : as'^si^yet'. 2. Ratelier (TO.) : ra"_ 

ta-ir^ye' (for teeth). platelayer. Poseur de rails: po'zor' da 

ra'^ya (one who lays rails on a railway). 
plateau. Plateau (n. m.): pla"to'. 
platform, n. 1. Plateforme (/.) : plafferm'. 2. Quai (m.): ka. 

3. Terreplein (m.): tar'plan'. 
platoon. Peloton (n. m.) : pa-l6"ten'. 
play, v. Jouer: 3u"e'. 
plaza. Place (n. /.) : plas. 

pleasant, a. Agreable (m. & /.) : a"gre"a'^bla. 
please, v. Plaire a: plar a. if you please. S'il vous plait: 

sll vu pla. pleased, a. Content: ken'tah'. 

plenty, a. Beaucoup (TO. & /.) : bo"ku'. [plO'tC'. 

plot. I. n. Complot (m.): ken"pl6'. II. v. Comploter: keh"- 
plow, plough. Charrue (n. /.): sTiar"^ru'. plowed, 

ploughed. Laboure: la"bu*re' (of fields). 
pluck. 1. n. Courage (TO.): ku"ra3'. II. v. 1. Tirer: tl"re'. 

2. Cueillir: ku'^.yir' (fruit). 3. Plumer: plu*_tn6' (poultry). 

plucky, a. Courageux (in.): kQ'ra"3u'. 
plug, n. 1. Fiche (/.): fish (peg). 2. (1) [Spark'plug .] Tampon 

(m.): tah"pon'. (2) Bougie: bu'sl'. 
plum. Prune (n. /.) : priin. 
plunder. I. n. 1. Pillage (TO.): pr^ydj'. 2. Butin (TO.): 

bii'tan'. II. v. Filler: pl'^yg'. plunderer. Pillard (n. m.}: 

pr_yaf. 
ply 1 , v. S'appliquer a: sap"^pli"ke' a. to ply with questions. 

Presser de questions: pres'^se' da kes'tr^yoh'. 
ply 2 , . 1. S'occuper: sok"^ku"pe'. 2. Fain; le sorviro: ffir 

la sar"vls' (as rchicles, between two points). 
pneumonia. Pneumonic (n. /.) : pnu"m6"ni'. 
pock-marked, a. Grele (TO.); grelee (/.): gra"le'. 
pocket. I. n. Poche (/.): posli. II. v. Empocher: an"po''she'. 

pocket-book, n. Porte-monnale (m.): per'ta men'^ng'. 

to have In one's pocket. Avoir en poche: a*\^vdr' an p:lsh. 
poilu, pwa"lu'. I. n. A French soldier whose beard has grown 

while he has served In the trenches. II. a. Bearded. 
Poincare, Raymond, pwan'ka"re', re"men / . President of 

France since 1913. 
point. I. n. 1. Pointe (/.): pwant (sharp end). 2. Point (TO.): 

pwah(pZace). II. r. 1. Pointer: pwan'tfi' (as a gun). 2. Mettre 

en joue: met'^tra aft gQ (aim). from that point. A partir de 
1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; ttk = feud; 
diine; Cllin; go; n. = sin^; Sllip; Chin; this. 



107 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prfy; hit; police; 

obey; gfi; net; 6r; full; rQle; but; bOrn; a = final; 
ce point: a pamir* da sa pwan.- p. of support. Point d'appui: 
pwan dap*^pwl'. pointed, a. Polntu (m.), polntue (/.): pwan*- 
tti' (said of the ears, in identification). to p. out. 1. Designer: 
dezl"nye'. 3. Indiquer: an'dl'ke'. [an'pwa^zen'ne'. 

poison. I. n. Poison (m.): pwa"zen'. II. v. Empoisonner: 

poisonous, a. Venimeux (m.): va-nrmu'; venimeuse (/.): va- 
nl'muz'. a poisonous wound. Plate envenimee: pia an'va-nl*- 
m6'. poisoning. Empolsonnement (n. m.) : an*pwa*zen*v_na- 
man'. 

Poland. La Pologne: la po"len'^ya. 

polder, polderland, n. [D.J Polder: pel"dar' (cultivated land 
reclaimed frqm the sea). 

pole, n. 1. Timon (m.): tinmen' (of a vehicle). 2. Baton (m.): 
ba'ten'. 3. Perche (/.): parsh (measure of length). 

police. Police (n. /.) : po'lls'. police barracks. Gendarmerie 
(n./.) : 3<m'dar*^ma-rr. p.'duty. Service de police: sar*vls' da 
po'lls'. p. inspector. Commlssalre de police: kem'^mls'^sar' 
da po'lls'. military p. La prevote (n. /.): la pre'vO'te"'. 
mounted p. Gendarmerie: 3an*dar*^ma-rr. sanitary p. Po- 
lice sanitaire: pO'Us' sa'nTtar'. p. station. 1. Bureau de police: 
bii're' da polls'. 2. Gendarmerie: 3an*dar*_ma-rr. Abbreviated 
Gie. town p. Police municipale: p5"lls' mu'nrsrpal'. 

policeman. 1. Gendarme (n. m.) : 3an"ddrm'. 2. Sergent do 
ville: sarsan' da vll. 3. Agent de police: a'zan' da p5"lls'. 
rural policeman. Garde champetre: gard sTian"pa'^tra. 

polite, a. Poli (m.) : polie (/.) : po"li'. 

poll, n. 1. Tete (/.): tat'^a (of men). 2. Nuque (/.): nuk (of 
animals). 3. Llste (/.): Hst'^a (election list). 

pommel. Pommeau (n. TO.): pem"^m6'. 

pompom. Pompom (n. TO.): pen" pen' (heavy cannon). 

poncho, pen"sho', n. A rubber cape used in U. S. Army. 

pond, 71. 1. fitang (TO.) : 6* tan'. Abbreviated Etg. 2. Mare 
(/.): mar. Abbreviated Mare. 

pontonier. Pontonnier (n. TO.): pen /r ten" s ^nl*'^ye' (o soldier 
u-hn has charge of pontoons). 

pontoon. Ponton (n. TO.): pen"ten'. pontoon bridge. 
Pont de ponton (m.): pen da pen'ten'. p. train. Equipage de 
pont: 6*klpa3' da pen. 

poor, a. 1. Pauvre (TO. & /.): po'^vra. 2. Mauvais (TO.): 
mO'va'; mauvalse (/.): mO'vftz'. 

poplar. Peuplier (n. TO.): pu^li'^ye'. 

populace. Populace (n. /.): pe"pu*lds's_ a. [nounced per.) 

pork. Pore (n. TO.): perk. (Before a consonant it is pro- 
port, n. 1. Port (w.): per (harbor). 2. Babord (m.): ba"ber' 
(left side of a vessel). to enter port. Prendre port: pran'^dra 
per. to p. the helm. Mettre la barre a babord: met'^tra la 
bar a bd'her* p.'hole. Hublot (n. TO.): hii'blO'. [Hv'. 

portable, a. Portatif (w.): per"ta*t!f; portative (/.): per^ta"- 

portcullls. Herse (n. /.) : har'^sa. 

porter, n. 1. Porteur (TO.): per'tur' (general). 2. Facteur 
(m.): fak'tur' (railicay). 3. Commissionnaire (m.): kem'^mls*^ 
8l*^yen /r _nar'^a (licensed messenger). 

portmanteau. Valise (n. f.) : va'llz'. 

position, n. 1. Position (/.): po*zl"sl*^yen / (in general). 2. 
Emplacement (m.): an'pla'^sa-mfin' (in military sense). ad- 
vanced position. Position avancee: pO'zrsr^yen' a'vah'sfi'. 
the p. assigned. L'emplacement assigne: lah'pla 
as'^sl'^nyg'. p. of readiness. Position d'attente: 
yen' daf_tant'^a. 

possible, a. Possible (TO. & /.): pes'^sl'^bla. 

post, n. 1. Poste (TO.): post (military station). 2. Poste (/.): 
post (post office). 3. Poteau (m.): po'to' (for signs). can 1 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 

dllne; Cliin; go; n = sin0; ghip; Chin; this. 



SromSflon A SERVICE DICTIONARY 108 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prSy; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; Or; full; rule; hot; burn; a = final; 
post a letter here? Puisje mettre une lettre a la poste ici? 
pwi'^sa met'^tra tin let'v^tra a la post I"sl'. connecting 
posts. Postes de liaison: pCst da l!"a"zen'. has the post 
gone? La poste a-t-elle parti? la p5st a tel par"t!'. how far 
Is it to the p.offlce? Combien y a-t-il d'ici a la poste? ken"- 
bl'yan' I a til dl"sl' a la post. please p. this letter. Ayez la 
bonte de mettre cette lettre a la poste: a'^ye' la ben'tS' da 
met'^tra set let'^tra a la p5st. 

postage. Port de lettre (n. TO.): per da let'^tra. extra 
postage. Supplement de port: sup"ple"man' da per. p.sstanip. 
Timbre-poste (n. m.): tan'^bra-pSst'. to pay the p. of. Payer 
le port de: pa'^ye' la per da. what is the p. on this? Com- 
bien de timbres fauWl pour cela? ken'bl'^yan' da tan'^bra f6^ 
til pur sa-la'. 

postal, a. Postal (m.), postale (/.): p6s"tal'. Army Postal 
Service in the Field. Service des Postes: sar"vls' de post. p. 
card. Carte postale (/.): kurt pos'toT^ a. p. order. Mandat 
de poste (n. m.): maiVda'da p6st. to get a p. order cashed. 
Faire payer un mandat de poste: far pa"ye' an man'da' da post. 

postern. Poterne (n. /.) : po'tarn'^a. 

post-office. Bureau de poste (m.): bu"ro' da post. 

pot. Pot (n. TO.): po. 

potato. Pomme de terre (n. /.): pom da tar. mashed po- 
tatoes. Pomme de terre en puree: pom da tar an pu"re'. 

pouch. Cartouchidre (n. /.): kar"tu"shl"^yar'^a (for 
cartridges). 

poultry. Volaille (n./.): v6"lai'v_ya. poultry *yard. Basse- 
cour (n. /.) : bas'^ur 7 . 

pounce, v. 1. Saisir: sa"zir' (seize). 2. Foncer fen"se' (rush 
upon). 

pound. Livre (n. /.): ll'^vra. pound sterling. Livre ster- 
ling: li's_vra stSr'lan'. 

pourparler, pur"par"le' (n. m.). A preliminary conference. 

powder. Poudre (n. /.): pu'^dra. powdermagazine. 
Poudriere (n. /.): pQ'dn'^yar'^ j. Abbreviated Poudre. 
smokeless p. Poudre sans fumee: pu'^dra san fii'me'. 

power, n. 1. Force (/.): fer'^sa. 2. Puissance (/.): pwls"^, 
sans'^a. p. of endurance. Force de resistance: fers da re"- 
zls'tans'^a. the allied powers. Les puissances alliees: le 
pwIs'^,sans'^ar^H"^y5'. to develop full power. Donner le 
maximum de rendement: den'^ne' la max'1'mem' da ran*^,da- 
mah' (said of an engine). 

powerful, a. Puissant (TO.) : pwis"sdn'. 

practically, adv. En fait: ah fa. 

practise, n. Pratique (/.): pra"tlk'. in practise. Dans la 
pratique: dan la pra"tlk'. 

precaution. Precaution (n. /.): pre / "ko"sl''.^yen'. sanitary 
precautions. Precautions sanitaires: pre"k6"sl"_.yen' sa'nr- 
tar'. 

precede, v. Pr6ceder: pre"se"de'. 

precipice. Precipice (n. TO.): pre"si"pls'. precipitous, a. 
Kscarpe (m.), escarpee (/.): es"kar"pe'. precipitously, adv. 1. 
A pic: aplk: colloquially, "In the nick of time." 2. Precipitam- 
ment: pre*srprtam"^,man'. 

preclude, v. EmpScher: an"pa"she'. 

prefer, v. Preforer: pre"fe"re / . See Appendix. 

preliminary. Preliminaire: pre"ll"mi"nar'. 

premature, a. Prematur6 (m.) : pre"ma''tu''re'. 

prescription. Ordonnance (n. /.): er"don"^ndns'. 

present. I. a. Present (m.): pr"zan'; presente (/.): pre"zdnt'. 
II. n. 1. Present: pr6"zfin' (of time), t,. Cadeau: ka'do' (a gift). 

present, v. Presenter: prg"zan"te'. present arms! See 
under ARMS. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine; cTlin; go; rj = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



KM) A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; tore; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; 8 = final; 

preserved, a. Conserve (m.), conservee (/.): keri"sar"ve' / . 

press. I. n. Presse (/.): prs. II. v. 1. Presser: preV^se' 
(hurry; squeeze). 2. Serrer: ser'rg' (push hard). press corre- 
spondent. Correspondant de la presse: ker'^res'perrdfln' da 
la pres. See WAR. p. forward. Pousser de 1'avaiit: pQs'^sC' 
da la'van'. p. the enemy hard. Serrer 1'enneml de pres: ser*^ 
re"' len'na^mi' da pra. 

pressure, n. 1. Impulsion (m.): an"pul'*sl''v_,yen'. 2. Pression 
{/.) : pres' _sl'_ yen'. high, low, or medium pressure. Pression, 
haute, basse ou moyenne: pr&s'^sl'^yen', hot, bds Q mwa'yen'. 

pretext. Pretexte (n. m.): pra'tekst'. under any pretext. 
Sous aucun pretexte: suz^o'kan' pra"tekst'. 

pretty, a. Joli (m.), jolie (/.): o6"H'. 

prevent, c. Empecher de: an"pa / 'she' da. to prevent them 
fioni getting the range. Les empecher d'obtenir la portee 
lez_an"pa"slie' deb*_,ta-nlr / la per"t6'. to p. the garrison 
from withdrawing. Empecher la garnlson de se retirer: an"- 
pa'sM' la gar*nTzen' da sa ra-tl're'. to p. all misunder- 
standing. Pour prevenir toute erreur: pur pre"_^va-nir' tut^, 
er'^rur' to p. the rattling of one's arms. Empecher le 
cliquetis de ses armes: an'pa'sW la kll'tl' da sez^arm. 

price. Prix (n. m.): pri. what is the price? Quel est le 
prix? kel e la pri. the price Is net. Le prix est fixe: la pri 6 flks. 

priest, n. 1. Pre'tre (m.): pra'v^tra. 2. CurS (m.): kii"re'. 

priming. Amorcage (n. m.): a"mor"sa3 / . 

principle. Principe (n. m.): pran"slp'. the principle com- 
monly accepted. Le princlpe generalement accepte: la pran"- 



^ 

prismatic, a. A primes: a prim (of field-glasses) . 
prison. Prison (n. /.): pri^zen'. prisoner. Le prisonnier 

(n. rn.): la prrzen'^nyfi'. take prisoner. Faire prisomiier: 

far prrzen'^nye'. p. of war. Prisonnier de guerre: prt'zen"^ 

nyg' da gar. 
private. I. a. Priv6 (m.), priv6e (/.): pri"ve'. II. n. 1. Soldat 

de la llgne: sol'da' da la H'^nya. 2. Simple soldat: sah'^pla sol*- 

dcl'. 3. Soldat de se^onde classe: sol'da' da sa-gend' kids. 

private premises. Oeux prlves (ra. m. pi.): ir_yO' pri've'. 
prize. I. n. 1. Prise (/.): priz. 3. Prix (TO.): pri. II. v. 

Evaluer: 6*va*lii*6'. 
probationer. E16ve infirmier (n. m.): e"lav' an w flr"mr^ye" 

(nurse in training). 
proclamation. Proclamation (n. /.): pr6 w kla"ma''sl / '^yen'. 

to issue a proclamation. Faire une proclamation: far (in pro"- 

kla'ma'sr^yeh'. 
profession, n. 1. Metier (m.): me"tl"_ye' (trade). 2. D6cla- 

ratlon (/.): dg'kla'ra'sr^yeh' (statement) 

professional, a. Professional (m.): pro"fes / '^sr^,yen''^nfl'. 
profile. Profil (n. m.): pro"m'. 
prohibit, r. 1. Defondre a: de'fdn'^dra a (farbid). 2. Pro- 

hiber: prC'I'bg' (Interdict). 
projectile. Projectile (n. m.): pro'sek'tll'. 
projector, ?i. 1. Projecteur (TO.): pr6 ff 3ek"tur'. 2. Pompe 

projectrice (/.) : penp prO'sek'tris'. 
prominent, a. Pro^minent (m.): pro"e"ml' r nan'. 
promote, v. 1. Promouvoir: pr6"mu"vwar'. 2. Avancer: 

a'van'se'. he was promoted to the rank of general. II fut 

promu au grade de general: II fii pro'mii' 6 grad da 36*n6*ral'. 

to be promoted. 1. Donner de 1'avancement: don*^,n6' da la*- 

van'^sa-mdn'. 2. Etre promu: a'^,tra prO'mii'. 
promotion, n. 1. Avanoement (TO.): a"van*^sa-mah'. ?. 

Promotion (/.): prO'mO'sI'yen'. promotion by selection. 1. 

Avancement au cholx: o'van'^sa-mah' shwa. 2. Nomlna- 
l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 
diine; cTlin; go; rj = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



Quartermaster A SERVICE DICTIONARY 110 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
tion auchoix: ne"im"na"si"^yen' 5 Shwa. p. by seniority. 1. 
Avancement a 1'anciennete: n"van"^.sa-mah' a lairsr^yen"_ 
na-te'. 2. Nomination a 1'ancieimete: ne'mi"na"sr^yen' a lafi"- 
sr^yen'^na-te'. 

promo tion list. Tableau d'avan cement (m.): ta"bl5' da"^ 
van"sa-man'. 

propeller. Helice (n. /.) : e"lls'. 

proper, a. 1. Propre (TO. & /.): pro'^pra. 2. Respectif (m.): 
res"pek"tlf'; respective (/.) : res"pek"tlv'. 3. Juste (m.&f.): 3iist. 

propitious, a. 1. Propice (m. & /.) : pro"pls'. 2. Favorable 
(m. &/.): fa"ver"u'^bla. 

proprietor. Proprietaire (n. m. & /.): pro"prl"e"tar'^.a. 

prosecute, v. Poursuivre: piir"swl'^vra. prosecuting 
counsel. Commissaire du gouvernement : kern" ,_ mis" ^,.sar' dii 
gu"var"^na<_mah' (a court*martial) . 

prospect. Perspective (n. /.): piir"spek"tiv'. prospect of 
success. Chance de succes (/.) : sTiaris da siik"se'. 

protect, v. Protger: pro"te"3e'. protection, n. 1. Protec- 
tion (./.): pro"tek"sr^,yeh'. 2. Sauve?arde (/.): sov'gar'^da. 
protector. Couvrenuque (n. m): ku'^vra-niik' (flap of cloth 
or rubber worn at the back of the hdmct or cap as a pr/ti'dimi 
from sun and rain}. 

protract, v. Prolonger: pr6"leh"3e'. a protracted resist- 
ance. TJne resistance prolon?ee: (in re"zls"tcins' pro 'lor. '30'. 

proud, a. Fier (m.), fiere (/.): fl"^,yar'. 

prove, v. Verifier: ve"ri"fl"_ye'. 

provide, -y. 1. Fournir: fur"nTr'. 2. Donner: den"_ne' (sup- 
ply). provide the needs of the army. Satisfaire les besoins 
de 1'armee: sa"tls*far' le ba-z\van' da lar'me'. p. the means of. 
Donner les moyens de: (10^^,116' le m\va"yan' da. 

provided, con;. Pourvu que: pur"vii' ka. provided with. 
Muni de: mu"nl' da. 

province, n. 1. Province (/.): pro" vans' (general term). 2. 
Ressort (m.): raiser' (jurisdiction). 3. Departement (m.): de"- 
par"ta-man' (genial). lt_is not In his province. C'e n'c-t 
pas de sa competence: re ne pa da sa kefi*p6*tQft'^88. 

provision. Provision (n. /.): pro"vi"zi"^,yen'. 

provisions, n. pi. 1. Vivres (TO.): vi'^vra. 2. Comestibles 
(m.): k6m"es*tl'^bla. provision wagon. Fourgon de vivres 
(n. m.): fQr'gon' da vl'_vra. 

proviso. Condition (n. /.) : keii"di // si"^yen'. with the above 
proviso. Dans les conditions ci*dessus: ddh le kon*dl"sr^yeh' 
si da-sii'. 

provoke, v. 1. Provoquer: pro"v5"ke'. 2. Exciter: <>k"sl"t<~'. 
to provoke the enemy into action. Exciter 1'ennemi a 
combattre: ek'srte' len'^na-ml' a kori"bat'_.tra. 

provost. Pr6v6t (n. m.): pre"vo'. provost marshal. 
Grand prevot (n. m.): gran pre"v5'. p. marshal's depart- 
ment. Service de la prevote: sar*vls' da la prC"vo*te'. p. 
sergeant. Sersent-prevot: sar'sdii' pre"vo'. 

prowler. Rodeur (n. m.): ro"clur'. 

proximity. Proximit6 (n. /.) : prek"sr"mf"te'. in close prox- 
imity. Tout pros de: tQ pre da. 

Prussia. Prusse (n. /.): prus'^sa. Prussian, a. & n. Prus- 
slen (TO.): priis'^sl'yaii': Prussienne (/.): nriis"^sl*yen'^na. 

public, a. Public (m.), publique (/.): pub"llk'. 

pudding, n. 1. Entremets sucre (m.): ah"^tra-me' sii"kre'. 
2. Poudingue (TO.): pu"dang'. 

pull, v. Tirer: trre'. pulhthrough, n. A weighted cord 
to one end of which an oiled rag is tied: used to pass through a 
rifle-barrel in cleaning it. 

pulse. Pouls (n. TO.) : pu. to feel the pulse. Tater le pouls: 
ta'te' la pQ. 

l = habit; aisle; ~ au = out; ell; 1Q~= feud; 

diine; cliin; go; n = sing; sTlip; Chin; this. 



Ill A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pry; hit; police; 

obey; gO; net; Or; full; rule; but,; bOrn; a = final; 

pump. I. n. Pompe (n. /.): pen'^,pa. II. v. Pomper: pen'pe'. 
foroep. Pompe foulante: peh'^pa fQ'lant'^a. lift sands 
forcep. Pompe asplrante et foulante: pen'^pe as'prraat'^,6 
fQ'lant'^8. suctlonp. Pompe aspirante: pen'^pa as'pl*- 
rafit'^e. 

punch, n. 1. Emporte-piece (m.): an*pert' pl"yas' (tool). 2. 
Poincon (m.): pwan'sen' (tool). 3. Coup de polng: ku da pwaii 
(blow of the flst). 

puncture, n. 1. Crevaison (m.): kra-va/'zen' (of a tire). 2. 
Pique (/.): plk (general). 3. Piqure (/.): pl'kur' (general). 4. 
Ponctlon (/.) : ponk'sr^yen' (surgical term). to mend a punc- 
ture. Reparer un pncu: re'pa're' an pnu. 

punish, v. Punir: pu"mr'. 

punishment. Punition (n. /.): pu"ni"sl*'s^yon'. capital 
punishment. Pcine de mort: pan da mer. 

pupil, n. 1. Pupiile (/.) : pu'pil' (of the eye) . 2. Eleve(w.): 
6'iav' (scholar). 

purchase. I. n. Achat (m.): a"sha'. II. v. Acheter: a"^,sha-te'. 
purchase by contract. Achat de gre a gre: a'sha' da grg a 
gre. p. in the open market. Achat sur le marche: a'sha' siir 
la mar"she'. 

purport. Teneur (n. /.): ta-nur' (of a report). 

purpose. But (n. m.) : bu. for any purpose. Pour quelque 
motif que ce soit: pur kel'^ka mO'tlf ka sa svva. for this p. 
A cet effet: a set ef'^fe'. specific p. But determine: bu d6*- 
tr"mrne'. 

purse. Porte-monnaie (n. m.): pert"men"^na'. 

purser. Commissaire (n. m.): kom"^ml3"^sar'. 

pursue, v. Poursuivre: pur"swi'^vra. 

pursuit. Poursuite (n. /.): pur"swlt'^a. to take up the 
pursuit. Mener la poursuite: ma-ne' la pur"s\vl'^ta. 

push, v. Pousser: pus"^,se'. to push the attack home. 
Pousser 1'attaque a fond: pOs'^sg' lat"^_,tak' a fon. to p. back. 
Faire reculer: far ra-ku"15'. p. forward. Pousser en avant: 
pQs'^se' an^a'van'. to p. forward an attack. Presser une 
attaque: pres'^sC' vin^af^tak'. p. straight on. Pousser 
droit devant sol: pQs'^se' dnvo da-van' swa. 

put, v. Mettre: met'^tra. put Into execution. Mettre a 
execution: met'_tra a ek's^'kii'sf^yen'. to put a gun out of 
sight. Defller une piece: de'fi'le' un pl'^yas'. put out 
pickets. Placer des petits postes: pla'sfi' de pa-tl' p6st. to 
put out of use. Mettre hors de service: met'x_tra her da sSr*vIs'. 
to put to the sword. Passer au fil de Tepee: pas'^se' ffl 
da 16"p6'. 

puttees. Molletieres: mor^la-tr^yar'. 



quagmire. Fondriere (n. /.): fonMrl'^yar'. 

quantity. Quantit6 (n. /.): kcin"tl"te'. 

quarantine. Qu.irantainc: kci"ran"tan'. -quarantine (health) 
officer. Agent de la same (n. m.) : a'san' da la san'te'. 

quarrel, v. 1. Quereller: kH-re^e'. 2. Dioputer: dis"pu"te'. 

quarry. Carriere (n. /.): ka"rl"yar'. Abbreviated Carre. 

quart, n. 1. Quart (m.): kur. 2. Litre (m.): li'tra (measure). 

quarter, n. 1. Quart (m.): kur (of lime, etc.). 2. Quartier 
(m.): kar*tl'y6' (district). Abbreviated Qr. a quarter of an 
hour. Un quart d'heure: an kar dur. to give q. Faire quar- 
ticr: far kar"tr r _ye'. to give no q. Ne paa faire quarticr: 
na pa far kar'tr^yg'. [WHERE. 

quartered. En quartior: cm kar"tl / 'v^ye'. See also under 

quartermaster, n. 1. Fourricr (m.) : f QrQr^yfi'. 2. Officier 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 1G = fcud; 

dune; tfhin; go; n = *\H<I; ship; fhin; this. 



read? 8 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 112 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; d = final; 
d'approvisionnement, de casernement, ou d'habillement: oF^tl*- 
8l">_-y6' dap"^pr5"vi"zren'',_na-man' da ka'^ar'^na-mon' u da*- 
bl"_ya-man'. 3. Mar6chal de logis: ma"r6"sTiai' da lo"si'. 
assistant quartermaster ^general. Souschef d'etat-major 
adjoint: sQ'slief' dg'ta' ma*3er' ad'swah'. q. (general. Sous* 
chef d'etat-major: su"slief' de"ta' ma'ser'. q.geueral's de- 
partment. Direction de 1'arriere: dl"rek"sr^yen' da lar*^.rr^ 
ySr'. quartermaster's stores. Le depot de 1'offlcier de ca- 
sernement: la de*p5' da lef"^fl"sr^,ye' da ka"zar*^na-man'. 

quarters. Billets de logement: bl"^,ye' da lo"^3a-man'. to 
come to close q. En venir aux prises: ah va-nlr 7 o prlz. occupy 
q. Cantonner: kan^ten'^ne'. supply quarters to. Faire le 
logement de: far la lo"_3a-man' da. I want q. for. II me faut 
des logements pour: II ma fo de lo"^_3a-mah' pQr. See also under 
WEAR. 

quay. Quai (n. m.): ka. 

queen. Reine (n. /.) : re'^na. 

question. I. n. Question (/.): keV'tr^yen'. II. v. 1. Ques- 
tionner: kes'tl'^yen'^ne'. 2. Interroger: an'tar'^ro'se'. 

quick. I. a. 1. Vif (m.): vlf; vive (/.): vlv (lively). 2. Ardent 
(m.): ar"dan'; ardente (/.): ar"dant' (brisk). II. n. Vif (m.): 
vlf. quick march! q. time! Pas accelere! poz^ak'se'le're'. 

quickly. Vite: vit. as quickly as possible. Le plus tot 
possible: la plu to pes'^sl'^bla. 

quid, n. 1. [Slang.] A pound: une livre: tin ll'^vra (English 
wzonej/ = $4.85). 2. Chique (/.): slilk (of chewing tobacco). 

quiet, a. Tranquille: tran"kll'. be quiet. Taisezvous: 
ta"ze' vu. keep q. Restez tranqullle: res'te' tran'kil'. 

quilt, n. Couvrepied (m.): ku^vra-pl'^ye'. 

quit, v. Quitter: kl"te'. 

quite, adv. 1. Tout a fait: tut^,a fa (completely). 2. Parfaite- 
ment: par*fa*^ta-man' (Just so). quite near. Toutpres:tupr5. 

K 

rabbit. Lapin (n. m.): la"pan'. rabbit hole, n. 1. Rabou- 
illere(/.): ra'bQT^yar' (burrow). 3. Terrier (m.) : tar"^rl_ye' 
(hole). r. -.hutch. Clapier (n. m.) : kla"pl'_y6'. [petition). 

race, n. 1. Race (/.): ras (breed). 2. Course (/.): kurs (corn- 
rack, n. Ratelier (m.) : ra"^^ta-li"^ye' (for arms; also, stable- 
Tack). racking. Brellage (n. m.): brel'^las'^a (act of attaching 
beams to pontoons). racksstick. Carrot (n.m.): gar*-_^ro'. 
riflerack. Ratelier d'armes: ra'^ta-ll'^ye' dorm. to rack 
down, v. Garrotter: gar"^rot"^.te'. 

radiator. Radiateur (n. m.): ra"dl"a"tur' (of a motor-car). 
radius. Rayon (n. m.): ra'^yen'. within a radius of. 

Dans un rayon de: dahZs_,an ra'-^yon' da. 
raft. Radeau (n. m.): ra"do'. Abbreviated Ran. tow of 

rafts. Train de bois: trail da bwa. 

rafter. Chevron (n. m.): sha-vren' (as of a building). 
rag. Chiffon (n. m.): sliif'^fen'. 

rage. I. n. 1. Rn.ge (/.): ra'v^ja. 2. Fureur (/.) : fu"rur'. II. 
v. 1. Sevir: se'vlr' (of war). 3. Rager: ra'z^. 3. S'ernporter: 
san'per'te' (of persons) . 

rail. Rail (n. m.) : rai'^ya. by rail. Par voie ferree: par 
vwa far*^re'. checker., guard r. Contrerail (n. m.): ken'tra- 
rai'^ya. hand^r. Gardefou (n. ?n.): gar*^,da-fu'. wheel*. 
Garderoae"'- &} m.): gar"da-ru'. 

railhead. T6tcJ"J!Le ligne dY-tapes (n. f.) : tat da ll'^nya de"tap'. 
1. Chemin de fer (m.) : ^ha-man' da far. 
ree (/.): vwa, Q H'_nya, far^,re'. double 
fMdouble voie: H'^nya a dQ'^bla vwa. r. 
u;IPo: slief da gar (stationmaster) . 2. Agent de 
;':tla blia-man' da far. r.scarrlage. Wagon: 
" au = out; ell; IQ ** feud; 
I) = siy; sllip; fhin; this. 




113 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pry; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; er; full; iflle; but; burn; a = final; 
va'gen'. r. 'junction. Em branchement de chemin de fer: on'- 
bransh'mfln' da slia-mah' da far. r.dine. Voie ferree (/.) : v\va 
far^re'. r. system within the zone of operations. Reseau 
des annees: r6"zC' d6z^ar"me'. r.statlon. Gare (n. /.): gar. 
r. 'ticket. Billet (n. m.): bl'^ye'. See RETURN. r. timetable. 
Tableau des heures (m.): ta'blo' dez^ur. r. transport serv- 
ice. Service de transport des chemin de fer: s&r*vls' da tran'- 
sper* d6 sTia-man' da ffir. r.=van. Wagon (n. m.): va'gen'. 
r. waybill. Feuille de route: fu'^ya da rut. single track r. 
Ligne a vole simple: ll'^nya a vwa san'^pla. where Is the 
r. station? Ou est la gare? u 6 la gar. [See Appendix. 

rain. I. n. Pluie (n. /.): plwT. II. r. Pleuvoir: plu"vwar'. 

raise. I. n. Lever (m.): la-ve'. II. . 1. Lever: la-ve'. 2. 
Hausser: hOs'stf (lift). See Appendix. to raise up. Soulever 
(r.): su'^la-ve'. 

rally. I. n. Ralliement (m.): ral'll'mdn' (concentration). 
II. Se rallier: sa ral'^U'^ye' (reform). 

ram, r. 1. Damer: da"me'. 2. Enfcmccr: an /r fen / 'se' (sink). 3. 
Bourrer: bur*r6' (push down, as a charge). 

rammer. Refouloir (n. m.): ra-forwdr'. 

rampart. Rempart (n. m.): ron"pdr'. 

range, n. 1. Hausse (/.) : hos. 2. Distance (f.\: dls"t<ins'. 3. 
Portee (/.): per'te'. at close or short range. A portee courte: 
a per'te' kur^ta. at long r. A longue portee: a long per'te'. 
effective r. Portee efflcace: per'te' ef'^fl'kfis'. In range. A 
portee: a per'te'. out of r. Hors de la portee: her da la per'te'. 
r. 'finder. Telemetre (n. m.): te'ie'ma'^tra to find the r. 
Trouver la portee: tru've' la per'te'. within r. of. A portee 
de: a per'te' da. 

ranger. Garde-forestier (n. m.): gdrd fo'res"tr^ye'. 

rank, n. 1. Rang (m.): ran. 2. Grade (m.): grad. all ranks. 
Tous les grades: tu 16 gra'de'. quit the r. 1. Quitter les rangs: 
klt'^te' 16 ran. 2. Se debander: sa de'ban'de' (disband). r. 
and file. 1. La llgne: la U'_nya. 2. Les rangs: 16 ran. ranker. 
Soldatde fortune: sel'da' da for* tun'. 

rapid, a. Rapide (m. & /.) : ra'pld'. 

rate, n. 1. Prix (m.) : pri (price). 2. Vitesse (/.) : votes' (speed). 
3. Proportion (/.) : pro'persl'^yen'. 4. Tarif (m.): ta'rlf (of 
allowances, pay, etc.). at any rate. En tous cas: an tu ka. 

ration. I. n. 1. pi. Vivres (m.): vi'v_vra. 2. Portion (/.): 
por'sl'^yen'. 3. Ration (/.): ra'sl'yen' (horse's). II. r. 1. 
Nourrlr: nur^rlr 7 . 2. Rationner: ra'sl'_yen'ne'. emergency 
rations. V r ivres de reserve: vl'vra da re'zSrv'. Iron r. A 
can of bully beef, two biscuits, and a can that contains sugar, 
tea, and beeftea cubes. 

rattle. Faire du bruit: far dii brwl. See under PREVENT. 
rattled, a. 1. Etourdi (m.): 6'tQr*dI'; etourdie (/.): e'tQr'dr 
(dizzy). 2. Embroille (m.): afi'brwa'16' (confused). 

ravine, n. 1. Ravin (m.): ra"vah' (hollow road). Abbreviated 
Ear. 2. Ravine (/.): ra'vln' (mountain torrent). 

razor. Rasoir (n. m.): ra"zwdr'. razor<strap. Cuir a rasoir 
(m.): kwlr a ra'zwar 7 . 

reach. I. n. Attcinte (/.): at^tant'. II. r. Attemdre: at*- 
tan'^dra. within reach of. A portee de: a pSr'tfi' da. Com- 
pare RANGE. 

read, c. Lire: llr. can you read English? Pouvez-voua 

lire 1'anglais? pQ've* vQ Hr lah'glft'. do you reag French? 

Lisez-vous le francais? II*s6' vQ la fran'sa'. f*\ * * 
readiness, a. Promptitude (n./.) : preh"ti"tudA^ln readkie f >s. 

En etat pret: an^e'ta' pr5. Jf ffer^.-^ ii 

ready, a. 1. Prompt (m.): pren; promptel): jlPSljHIuic^L 

2. Pret (m.): prft; prete (/.): prat (preparff^asyoodj^ lo geT 

ready. Se tenir pret: sa ta-nlr' pra. 
l = habit; aisle; au = out; VII; 
dilne; dlin; go; D = sing; sliip; 




renew A SERVICE DICTIONARY 114 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; rQle; but; burn; a = final; 
real, o- Vrai (rra.): vra; vraie (/.): vra. 
rear. I. n. L'arriere (n. m.): lar">_ri''^_,yar'. II. TO. Se cabrer: 

SB kcTbre'. In the rear. En arriere: an^ar"_rr^.yar'. r. 

guard. Arrieregarde (n. /.): ar"^,rr^yar'-gard. r. 'sight. 

Hausse (n. /.) : h5s. 
reason. Raisen (n. /.) : ra"zen'. 
rebel, n. Un revolt^ (m.): an re"vel"te' ; une r6volt6e (/.): iin 

rgvel'te'. 
recall. I. n. Rappel (m.): rap"^,pel'. II. v. Rappeler: rap" 

pa-16'. 

recant, v. Retracter: re"trak"te'. 
recapture. I. n. Reprise (/.): ra-prlz'. II. v. Reprendre: 

ra-prdn'^dra. recapture the position one has evacuated. 

Reprendre la position qu'on a evacuee: ra-pran'^dra la po'zl'sl*^. 

yen' ken_a e"va"ku"e'. 
recede, v. Reculer: ra-ku"le'. 
receipt. Re?u (n. ?/<.): ra-su'.take a receipt. Prendre un 

recu: prdn'_.dra an ra-su'. 
receive, v. Recevoir: ra-sa-vwdr'. receiver. R6cepteur 

(n. m.): re'sep'tur' (also a receiving instrument). 
recent, a. Recent (m.): re"sdn'; recente (/.): re"sdrit'. 
reckon, v. Calculer: karkii"le'. -reckoning from to*day. 

A partir d'aujourd'hui: a par'tlr' d63ur*dwr. the reckoning. 

Le compte (n. m.): la koht (amount of a bill or the bill itself). 
recognize, v. Reconnaitre: ra-ken"^.na'^,tra. 
recoil. Recul (n. m.): ra-kiil'. 
reconnaissance. Reconnaissance (n. /.): ra-ken" s _ x na"sdhs'. 

preliminary reconnaissance. Reconnaissance preliminaire: 

ra-ken'^na'sans' prg'll'mrnar'. 
recon noiter, v. Reconnaitre: r9-ken"-^na'^tra.~-to go recon- 

noiterlng. Aller en reconnaissance: al'^le' ah ra-ken'^na'sans'. 
record. I. n. 1. Registre (m.): ra-sis'^tra. 2. Souvenir (TO.): 

sQ"^,va-nIr'. II. c. Enregistrer: an'^ra-gls'tre'. recorder. 

Enregistreur : ah'^.ra-sls'trur'. record card. Fiche (n. /.) : fish 

(indicating condition of wounded after treatment). r.offlce, n. 1. 

Bureau des archives (m.): bu"ro' dez^ar"slilv'. 2. Greffe (m.): 

gref. 

recording. Enregistrant: on' l '^ra-3is"trdn'. recording in- 
strument. Enregistreur (n. m.): an*^ra-3ls"trur'. 
recourse. Recours (n. m.) : ra-kur'. 
recover, v. 1. Reprendre: ra-prdfi'^,dra. 2. Retrouver: ra- 

tru"ve'. 3. Guerir: ge'rlr 7 (health). 4. Remettre: ra-met'^tra. 

recovery. Guerison (n. /.): ga'rrzen' (of health). 
recruit, n. 1. Conscrit (m.) : ken^skri'. 2. Recrue (/.) : ra-krii'. 
recruiting, recruitment. Recrutement: re-kru'^ta-man'. 

recruiting sergeant. Sergent recruteur: sar*3un' ra-krii'tOr'. 
red, a. Rouge (TO. & /.): ruj. red cap. A British staff 

officer because he wears a red band around his cap. the Eed 

Cross. La Crolx Rouge: la knva rus. Red Cross Society. 

La Societe de la Croix Rouge: la s5*sre*t6' da la knva rus. red- 
dish, a. Roux (m.): ru; rousse (/.): rus. 
redan. Redan (n. m.) : ra-ddn'. Abbreviated Red. 
redoubt. Redoute (n. /.): ra-dut'. Abbreviated Rede. 
reduce, v. R6duire: re"dw!r'. to reduce to the ranks. 

Casser: kas*_se' (broken: said of non-commissioned officers). 
reference. Reference (n. /.) : re"fe"rdhs'. 
refill, n. Remplir: ran"plir'. refilling points. Points de 

ravltalllement: pwan da ro'vl'ta'^ya-mah'. 
refined, a. Distingue (m.), distinguee (/.): dls"tan"ge'. 
refinery. Raffinerie (n. /.) : rafs^fi^na-rl'. Abbreviated Rafie. 
reform, v. Reformer: ra-fer*me' (form again, as a battalion). 
refreshment room. Buffet (n. TO.): bttf^fe'. where is the 

refreshment room? Ou est le buffet? Q g la biif'^fe 7 . 
i = habit; aisle; au = out; oll^ iQ = feud; 
diine; cliin; go; rj = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



115 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; gO; net; fir; full; rQle; but; burn; a = final; 

refuge. Refuge (n. m.): re-fils'. refugee. R61ugie (n. m.): 

re fii"3i'^ye'. 
regard, n. 1. Egard (m.): a*gar' (respect to). 2. Consideration 

(/.): ken'sl'de'ra'sr^yen'. as regards. Pour ce qui est de: 

pQr SB kl 6 da. In regard to. A 1'egard de: a le'gar 7 da. with 

r. to. Quant a: kant^a. 
regiment. Regiment (n. m.): re^I^mdn'. we are looking 

for our regiment. Nous cherchons notre regiment: nQ sliar"sTieh' 

no'^tra rfi'sl'mah'. which is your r.? Quel est votre regi- 

ment? kel 6 vS'^tra r6*3l"mdh'. 
register, v. Enregistrer: an"^ra-3ls"tre'. registered letter. 

See LETTER. 
registration. Immatriculation (n. /.): Im // N- .ma"trI / 'ku"la"- 

sl'^yen'. [gii'ir^yar'. 

regular, a. Regulier (m.): re"gu / 'ir^ye' ; rSguliere (/.): ri}"- 
regulate, v. 1. Regler: re"gle'. 2. Diriger: dl"rl"3e'. to 

regulate the firing. Regler le tir: reg!6' la tlr. 
regulation. 1. Reglement (n. m.): re"^gla-mcm'. 2. Ordon- 

nance (/.): er*den'_nans'. 
Reims, rariz, not rims. French city. 
reins, n. 1. Brides (/.): brid (for driving). 2. Renes (/.): ran 

(for riding). 
reinforcements, n. pi. 1. Renforts (m.): ran"fer'. 2. sing, 

Renforcement (m.): ran'fer^sa-man'. 
relatives. Parents (n. m.): pa"ran'. 
relay. I. n. Relais (m.): ra-le'. II. v. 1. Replacer: ra-pla"se'. 

2. Reposer: ra-po'ze' (set again). 
release, v. 1. (1) Liberer: li"be"re'. (2) Mettre en liberte: 

met'^,tra an H'bar*te'. 2. Degager: de"ga"3e' (disentangle). 3. 

Relacher: ra-la'she' (let go of). 
relegate, c. Releguer: ra-lS'gg'. to relegate to the rear. 

Releguer a 1'arriere: ra-16'ge' a lar'^rt'^yar'. 
reliable, o. 1. Sur: siir (of information) . 2. Serieux (m.) : se"rl"^ 

yu' (of persons) ; serleuse (/.) : se"rl_yuz'. 
relief, n. 1. Releve (/.) : ra-lav' (of a sentry). 2. Secours (TO.) : 

sa-kQr' (help). 3. Soulagement (m.): su*la*v_3a-mdn' (alleviation 

of pain). 
relieve, v. 1. Relever: ra^la^ve' (o sentry). 2. Venir en aide: 

va^nlr* an^ftd'^a 'bring help to) . 3. Soulager : stTla'se' (alleviate) . 

be relieved from. Etre dellvre de: fi'^tra d6"ll'vr6' da. reliev- 

ing, n. 1. Soulagement (;.): sd*la3*^.a-man'. 2. Secours (m.) : 

sa-kQr*. 3. Aide (/.) : ad'a. relieving ^officer. Commlssalre des 

pauvres: kem*s_.mrsar' dC pO'vra. 

rely, v. [Always with on or upon.] Compter sur: kon"te' siir. 
remain, v. Rester: res"te'. remain in the field. Tenir la 

campagne: ta-nlr* la kan'^pa'nya. 
remember, v. 1. Se souvenir de: sa su"^,va-nir' da. 2. Se 

rappeler: sa rap'^.pa-16'. See Appendix. 
remit, v. Remettre: ra-met'^tra. 
remount. I. n. Un cheval de rcmonte: an sha-val' da ra- 

ment'. II. c. Remontcr: ra-men"te'. department of remounts. 

Service de la remonte (/.) : sar*vls' da la raiment'. remount 

depot. Depot de remonte: d6*p5' da ra-ment'. 
removal, n. 1. Enlevement (m.): ah"lav"^a-man'. 2. Depart 

(m.): dC'par'. removal of sick and wounded. L' evacuation 

des malades et des blesses: ie"va*ku"a*sl*_yon' d6 ma'lad' 6 d6 



remove, v. 1. Deloger: d^'lo^e' (as inhabitants). 2. D6placer: 
d6*pla*s6' (as from a position). 3. Enlever: an*la-v6' (carry or 
clear away). r. mines. Enlever les mines: an'^Ia-vg' 16 mln. 
to r. the wounded. Enlever lea blesses: an'^la-ve' 1C bles'^se'. 

rend, v. Fendre: fdn'dra. 

renew, v. Ronouer: ra-nu /> c / . _ 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lU = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; n = sing; sihip; fhin; Hiis. 



revetting A SERVICE DICTIONARY 116 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prgy; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

rent. I. n. Loyer (m.): lwa"ye'. II. v. Louer: lu"e'. renting 

officer. Offlcier charge dee locations: er^fl"sl"_ye' {tooTsS' dfl 



reopen, v. Ouvrir de nouveau: u"vrfr' da nQ"vO'. 

repair. I. n. Reparation (/.): rg"pa"ra"sl"s_yen'. II. . 1. 
Reparer: re"pa"re' (mend). 2. Raccommoder: rak"^kem*^mo*- 
de' (repair, as clothes). out of repair. En mauvais etat: an 
m6*vaz'^.e"ta'. repairing outfit. Trousse a reparations: 
trus^,a re"pa"ra"s!"^,yeii'. 

repeat, v. Repeter: re"pe"te'. repeat that, please. Re- 
petez ca, s'il vous plait: re"pe"te' sa, sll vu pla. 

repel, v. 1. Repousser: ra-pus^se'. 2. Refouler: ra-fu"le'. 
repel the enemy. Refouler 1'euneml: ra-fu'le' len'^na-ml'. 

repetition. Repetition (n. /.): re"pe"t!"si"^yen'. 

replace, v. Remplacer: ran"pla"se'. replacement. Rem- 
placement (n. m.): ran'pla'^sa-niuu'. 

replacing, n. 1. Remise en place (/.): ra-mlz'^an plas. 2. 
Remplacement (m.) : ran"pla"' N ^sa-maii'. the replacing of am- 
munition. La remise en place des munitions: la ra-miz'^an 
plas de mii*nl"sr^,yon'. replacing of losses. Le remplace- 
ment des pertes: la ran'pla'^sa-man' de part. 

replenish, v. 1. [Used with with.] Remplir de: ran"pllr' da 
(fill up afresh). 2. Se remplir: sa ran'pllr' (to fill oneself). re- 
plenish ammunition and supplies. Ravitailler en munitions 
et vivres: ra"vrta*^ye' an mii"nrsr^yenz'^6 vl'vra. 

reply, v. R^pondre: re"pen'^dra. 

report. I. n. Rapport (m.): rap"^per'. II. v. 1. Rendre 
compte: rdh'^dra Kent. 2. Se presenter a orau: sa pr6*zan"te' a 
or (report to). the report has not been confirmed. On n'a 
pas verifle le rapport: en na pa var"i"fl"^,ye' la rap / "_per / . they 
will r. to the commander. Us se presenteront au commandant: 
II sa pre'zan'^ta-ron' kem"^,man"dan'. 

representative. Reprsentant (n. m.): ra-pre"zan"tdn'. 

reprimand. R^primande (n. /.): re"pri"mdhd'. 

reprisals. Repr6sailles (n. /.): ra-pre"zai'^ya. to have re- 
course to (or make) reprisals. User des represailles: xi'ze' de 
ra-pre'zai'^ya. 

republic. R6publique (n. /.) : re"pu"blik'. 

repulse. I. n. 1. Refoulement (m.): ra-ful"^mdn'. 2. Echec 
(m.): e'sliek'. II. v. Repousser: ra-pus'^se'. repulsed. Re- 
pousse: ra-pus'-^se'. 

requirement. Exigence (n. /.) : eg"zT"3ans / . 

requisite, a. Requis (m.): ra-ki'; requise (/.): ra-klz'. Exig6 
(/.), exigee (/.): eg'zl"3e'. 

requisition. Requisition (n. /.) : re"kl"zi"sl"^yen'. assistant 
director of requisition service. Dircctcur-adjoint du service 
des requisitions: dr"rek"tur / ad'swan' du saf'vls' de re"kl'zl"sl*v_ 
yen'. fill a requisition. Executor une requisition: eg"ze"- 
kii'te' iin re"krzl"sl*^,yen'. r.sofflce. Bureau de reglement 
des requisitions: bu'ro' da ra'^gla-man' de re'kl'zrsi'^yen'. 
r. *offlcer. Offlcier charge des requisitions: of^fTsr^ye' sTiar"- 
36' de re'krzrsr^yen'. r. of manual labor. Requisition de 
travail de manoeuvre: re'krzrsr^yen' da tra'va'^ya da ma'nu'- 
vra. r. of supplies. Requisition de vivres: re'krzrsr^yen' da 
vl's^vra. requisitioning. Requisition (./.): re"krzl"sl"^yen'. 

rescue, v. 1. Sauver: so"ve'. 2. Secourir: sa-ku"rir'. to the 
rescue! Au secours! 5 sa-kur 7 . 

reseau, r6*z5', n.m. [Fr.] 1. A network. 2. A system of crosslines 
as of railroads or of telegraph wires. 

reserve, n. 1. Reserve (/.): re"zarv'. 2. Reserve d'avants 
postes: re'zarv' da'van' post. reservist. Reserviste (re. m.) : 
re*zar*vlst'. 

resignation. Demission (n. /.): de^mla^sT^yen 7 . to send 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

dilue; cfhin; go; sin^; Ship; fhin; thi. 



117 A SERVICE DICTIONARY reV etttSg 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; net; er; full; rQle; but; burn; a = final; 

in one's resignation. Dormer sa demission: don"^.ne' so d&"- 



N 

resist, t. R6sistor:r5*zls"te". resistance. Resistance (n. /.): 
r8*zls*tflns'. a desperate resistance. Une resistance acharnee: 



resolute, a. Resolu (TO.), r6solue (/.): re"zo"lii'. 

resort. Recours (n. m.): ra-kur'. in the last resort. En 

dernier ressort: an dar*nl"^ye' ra-ser'. r. to. Avoir recpurs a: 

av'wur' ra-kur' a. 

resources, n. pi. Ressources (/.) : res'^surs'. 
respect, n. 1. Respect (TO.) : res"pe'. 2. Rapport (TO.) : rap"^. 

per 7 . in other respects. Sous d'autres rapports: sQ dO'_tra 

rap^per'. in respect to. Par rapport a: par rap"^.pert'_a. 

in some r. En quelque sorte: an kel'ka sert. In some respects. 

Sous quelques rapports: sQ kel'ka rap'^per'. with respect to. 

Quant a: kaht^a. 

respirator. Masque respirateur (n. m.) : mask res"pl"ra"tur'. 
respite. Repit (n. m.): re"pl'. give no respite. Donner 

aucun repit: don'^ne' O'kan' re'pl'. 
responsible, a. Responsable (TO. & /.): res ff pen"sd'^,bla. 

responsibility. Responsabilite (re. /.) : res~pen"sa"bl"irte'. on 

my own responsibility. Sous ma propre responsibilite: sQ ma 

prO'^pra res"pen*sa"brirt6'. 
rest 1 , n. 1. Reste (TO.) : rest (remainder). 2. Les autres (TO. pi.) : 

lf-z_o'^tra. among the rest. Entre autres: an'^tra 6'>_tra 

(among the others). 
rest2. I. n. Repos (TO.): ra-po'. II. v. Se reposer: sa ra-po"ze'. 

at rest. 1. En station: an sta'si'^yen'. 2. Sur place: siir plas. 

3. En arret: an^.ar'^re' (of a lance). 
restore, v. Rendre: rdn'^dra. 
result. R6sultat (n. m.): re"ziil"td'. without endeavoring 

to obtain a decisive result. Sans chercher a obtenir un re- 

sultat decisif: son sTiar*slie' a ob"^ta-nlr' an re'zQl'ta' d6*slzlf. 
resume, v. 1. Reprendre: ra-prdh'^dra. 2. Continuer: ken"- 

trnu'e'. resume the advance. Reprendre la niarche en avant: 

ra-pran'^dra la marsh an^a"van'. 
resumption, n. 1. Reprise (/.): ra-priz'. 2. Continuation 

(/.) : ken*tl"nu'a*sl'^,yen'. 

retake, v. Reprendre: ra-prdn'^dra. See RECAPTURE. 
retaliate, v. User des repr6sailles: u"ze' de ra-pre"zai'^ya 

(make reprisals). 

retaliation. Repr^sailles (n. /.): ra-pre"zai'v_ya. 
retire, v. 1. Se retirer: sa ra-tl"re' (fall back). 2. Reculer: ra- 

kii"16'. retired, or on the retired list. En retraite: an ra- 
trat' (satd of officers). to put on the retired list. Mettre 

a la retraite: met'^tra a la ra-trat'. 
retirement, n. 1. Retraite (/.): ra-trat' (under age limit). 

2. Evacuation (/.): e"va*ku*a*3r^yen' (ivithdrawal) . 
retract, v. 1. Se retractor : sa re"trak"te'. 2. Se dedire: sa de"- 

dli". See Appendix. 
retreat. I. n. Retraite (/.): ra-trat'. II. v. Battre en retraite: 

bat's_,tra an ra-trat'. line of retreat. See under LINE. to 

cover the r. Couvrir la retraite: ku'vrlr' la ra-trat'. 
retrenchment. Retranchement (n. TO.): ra-traiV^sha-mah'. 
retrograde, a. 1. Retrograde: re"tro"grdd'. 2. En arrirrr: 

ah_ar"^rr^yaf. retrograde movement. Mouvement retro- 
grade: mtr^va-mah' re"tro"grad'. 
return. I. n. 1. Retour (m.) : ra-tur'. 2. Rapport (m.) : rap"- 

por'. 3. Compte rendu: kont ran"du'. II. v. 1. Retourner: ra- 

tQr*n6'. 2. Revenir: ra-va-nlr'. 
reveille, n. Reveil (TO.): rc"ve'_ya. 
revetting. Materiel de revetement: ma"tc''rrel / da ra-va*^ 

ta-man'. 

I =- habit; aisle; au = nut; oiH iU feud; 
dilne; Cliin; go; - sino; sliip; Chin; ttu. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 118 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; er; full; fule; but; burn; d = final; 
revetment. Revetement (n. m.): ra-va"^ta-mdn'. 
revictual, . Ravitailler: ra"vi"tai"_ye'. revictualling. 

Ravitaillement (n. TO.): ra"vrtci"_ys-m<lii'. 
review. I. n. Revue (/.) : ra^vu'. II. v. 1. Revoir: ra-vwar' 

(examine). 2. Passer en revue: pas'^sC' an ra-vii' (pass in re- 

ricu-). In review order. En grande tenue: an grand ta^nii'. 

to take a r. of or survey the situation. Examiner la situation: 

eg'za'mrniY la srtii"a*s!"_yeii'. 
revive, n. Ressusciter: rcs"^^sii"sl"te'. 
revolver. Revolver (n. m.): re"vol"var'. revolver *case. 

Etui de revolver: e'twl' da re'vel'var'. 
rheumatism. Rhumatisme (n. m.): ru"ma"tlsm'. 
rib, n. 1. Cote (/.) : kot. 2. Nervure (/.) : nar"viir' (in archi- 

tecture a side*rib of a groined vault) . 
rice. Riz (n. m.) : ri. 
rich, a. Riche (m. & /.) : rish. 
ricochet. I. n. Ricochet (m.): rl*ko"she'. II. v. Ricocher: 



riddle, v. Cribler: krl^ble'. to be riddled with bullets. 

Etre crible de balles: a'^tra krrble' da bal. 

ride, v. Monter a cheval: mon"te' a sha-val'. rider, n. 
1. Cavalier (m.): ka"va"ll"_ye'. 2. Ecuyer (m.): e'kwl'^ye'. 

ridge, n. 1. Cre"te (/.): krat (of a mountain). 2. Rebord (m.): 
ra-ber' (a ledge). shelving ridge. Dos d'ane: d5 dan. 
mountain ridge. 1. Chaine (. /.) : sTian. 2. Ligne de crete: . 
ll'nya da krat. 

rifle. Fusil (n. m.) : fu"zl'. automatic rifle. Fusil automa- 
tique: fii"'zi'6''to"ma"tlk'. r.barrel. Canon de fusil : ka"nen' da 
fu'zl'. See BARREL. r. *grenade. Grenade a fusil: gre"nad' a 
fii"zl'. r.splt. Trou de tirailleur: tru da trrai'^yur'. 

rifled. Ray6: ra'^ye'. rifled gun. Canon ray6 (m.): 
ka'nen' ra"y6'. 

rifling. Rayure (n. /.) : ra^yur'. 

rifleman, n. 1. Tireur (m.): tl"rur'. 2. Chasseur (m.): 
sTias'-^sur 7 . 

right. I. a. 1. Droit (m.): drwa; droite (/.): drwat. 2. Juste 
(m. & /.): 3iist. II. adv. Blen: bl'^yan'. on the right. A 
droite: a drwat. on the r., close. Appuyez a droite: ap"^ 
pwl'^yez'^a drwat. on the r.=hand side. Du cote droit: 
du ko"te' drwa. right about. See under ABOUT. r., dress! 
Alignez, a droite! a"ll*^,nye' a drwat. r. flunk. Flanc droit: 
flan drwa. right turn. 1. Par fll a droite:,pur fll a drwat. 2. 
Demi a droite: da-mi' a drwat. r. wheel. A droite: _a dnvat. 
r. wing. Aile droite (n. /.): al drwat. to the r. A droite: a 
dnvat. 

rigidity. RigiditS (n. /.) : irVdTte'. 

rim. Jante (,./.): 3ant. detachable rim. Jante amovible: 
3flnt a'mo'vl'^bla. 

riot, n. Emeute (/.) : e"mut'. 

rise. I. n. 1. Origine (/.): o"ri"3in' (source). 2. Elevation (/.): 
e*16*va*r^yn'. 3. Montee (/.): men"te' (of a hil!). II. c. 1. 
Se lever: sa la-ve' (get up). 2. Monter: men'te' (as a balloon). 3. 
Se soulever: sa sQ'^la-ve' (in rebellion). I must rise early to- 
morrow morning. II me faut lever de bonne heure domain 
matin: II ma f5 Ia-v5' da bOn^nur da-man' ma'tan'. gentle 
rise. Montee douce: men'tfi' dus. rough r. Montee rude: 
men"t6' riid. sharp r. Montee raide: men*t / rad. 

rising. Soulevemc-nt (n. m.): su"la"^,va-man' (insurrection). 

river, n. 1. Riviere (/.) : rfvl'^yar'. Abbreviated R . 2. 
Fleuve (m.): fluv. Abbreviated Fl. the r. has overflowed. 
La riviere est debordee: la rrvr^yar 7 6 dber"de'. to ford 
the r. Traverser la riviere a gue: tro'var^se' la rl'vl'^yftr* a 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; id = feud: 

dilne; cliin; go; o = sin0; sihip; fhin; this. 



Ill) A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic-; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pre>; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; 6r; full; rQlc; but; burn; a = final; 
ge. rivulet. 1. Kuisseau (n. m.): rwls'^so'. 2. Ruisselet (n. m.) : 
rwis'^sa-le'. 3. Rivierette (/.): ri'vl'^yafet' . 

road, n. 1. Route (/.): rQt. 2. Chemin (m.): slia-man'. 3. 
-see (/.): Shds'^se'. Abbreviated Chee. 4. Rue (/.): ru. 
5. Ligne d'etapes: ll'_nya de"tap' (transport). across the 
road, or street. Au travers de la route, ou rue: 5 tro'var* da la 
rQt. Q rii. branch r. Embranchement de route: an'bran'^gha- 
muiY da nit. branching r. Bifurcation (n. /.) : bl"fur'ka"sl*^yen'. 

byr., or lane. Chemin de moyenne communication: gha-mari' 
da mwa'yen' kem'^mii'nl'ka'sl'^yon'. clear r. Route libre: 
rQt H'^bra. countyr. Chemin communal: Sha-man' kein"_ 
mu'nuT. crosssr. 1. Chemin de traverse: sQia-man' da trcT- 
vars'^a. 2. Carrefour: kar'^ra-fur'. departmental r. Route 
departementale: rut de"par"_ta-mantaT. dusty r. Route 
l>ous.siercuse: rQt pQs'^sr^,ya*ruz'. forked r. Route bifur- 
quee: rQt bl*fiirke'. heavy r. 1. Route grasse: rut gros. 2. 
Chemin roir.pu: sha-man' roii"pu'. hilly r. Route montueusc: 
rQt moh"tu"uz'. high r. See under HIGH. hollow or sunken r. 
Route encai^ee: rut aiVkas'^se'. level r. Route plate: rut plat. 

loc-lr. Chemin communal: sTia-maii' kem'^mu'nal'. main 
r. ( 'h.'min de grande communication: sha-man' da grand kem"_. 
mii"nl"ka"sl"_yoh'. metal r. Route cailloutee: rut kai"_ 
yu'te'. national r. Route nationale: rut na"sr^y6"nal'. on 
the r. 1. En route: an rut. 2. Sur la route de: stir la rut da 
fused with to). picketed r. Route enfermee de piquet: rut an*- 
far"me' da pl'ke'. See PICKET. passable r. Route viable: 
rQt vra'_bla. raised r. Route en chaussee: rut an shos'^se'. 

r. Junction. 1. Croisement de route: krwa*_za-man' da 
rut. 2. Embranchement de route: ah*brah''^,sha-man' da rQt ( / 
railroads). Roman r. Vole romaine: vwa ro'man'. state r. 
Route departementale: rQt de'par'^ta-man'tar. stony r. Route 
piorreuse: rut pr^ya'ruz'. the r. to follow. La route a suivre: 
la rut a swl'^vra. what is the condition of the r.? Com- 
ment est 1'etat de vlabillte? kem'^man' e 16*td' da vl'a'bl'11't*'. 

road head, n. Tete d'etape: tat de'tap'. where does this 
r. lead? Ou mene cette route? Q man set rQt. 

roadside. Bas cote (n. m.) : ba ko'te'. 

roadstead. Rade (n. /.): rdd. 

roadway* n. 1. Chemin (m.): slia-man'. 2. Cheniin de fer 

(m.): Sha-man' da far (railway). 3. Chaussee (/.): Shos'^sg'. 
roan, a. Rouan: ru"an'. [blf. 

roast. Roti (n. m.): ro"tl'. roast beef. Rosbif (n. m.): res"- 
rob, v. Voler: vo"le'. robber. Voleur (n. m.): vo"lur'. 
rock, n. 1. Roche (/.): rosh. 2. Rocher (m.): r6"^he'. rock* 

drill. Barre a mine (n. /.): bar^a mln. rocky, a. Rocheux 

(m.): ro-^hO'; rocheuse (f.): ro'^huz'. 
rocket, n. Fus6e (/.): fii"ze'. flarerocket. Fus^e ^-clai- 

rante: lu'zC' 6'kiarant'. 
rod, n. 1. Perche (/.): par'^ia (5.029 meters). 2. Verge (/.): 

var'sa (if and) . 3. Canne a pecher (/.) : kan a pa* She 7 (Jlshing*rod) . 
roll. Appel (n. m.): ap'^pel'. check roll. Contre-appel 

(n. m.): ken'tra ap*^,pel'. r. call. L'appel: lap'^pel'. to 

call the r. Faire 1'appel: ffir lap*v_per. r. of honor. Role 

d'honneur (n. m.): r51 don'^^nur 7 . 
roller Abridge. Pont roulant: pen ru"lan'. 
rolling-stock. Materiel roulant: ma"te"rl"^yer ru'lan'. 
roof. Toit (n. m.) : twa (also, house-top, hence, the top, as of a 

mine). roofing. Toiture (n. /.): twa'tiir'. 
room. Chambre (n. /.) : sTmn'^bra. 
root. I. n. Racine (/.): ra'sin'. II. r. Enraciner: ah*ra"si"iH"'. 

to root out. Decouvrir (r.): de'kQ'vrtr' (drive out of). 
rooty, ru'ti, n. [Soldiers' slang.] Bread. 

rope, n. 1. Cordc (/.) : kerd. 2. Cordage (m.) : 



i _= habit; aisle; an = out; oil; 10 = feud; 
dline; diin; go; rj = sing; ghip; fhin; Oiis. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 120 

artistic; art; fat^ fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; bdrn; a = final; 



rough, a. 1. Grossier (m.) : gros" v _si"^ye'; grossiere (/.) ; 

sl'^yar'. 2. Ebauche (m.), ebauchee (/.) : e"b5"She'. 
rough shoe, v. Ferrer & glace: far"re' a glds. 
roughly, adv. Approximativement: ap"^prok"sl"ma"tl"^,va- 

man'. 
round, n. 1. Ronde (/.) : rend (inspection: usually in the plural) . 

2. Cartouche (/.): kar"tus"h' (ammwiition) . 
round, adv. Autour: 6"tur'. grand r. Ronde major: r5nd 

ma'ser'. night r. Ronde de nuit: rohd da nwl. number of 

r. fired. Le nombre de cartouches tlrees: Id neri'bra da kar"- 

tflsTi' tl'rg'. 

rout. Mettre en dSroute: met'^tra an de"rut'. 
route, rut, n. [Eng. & Fr.] 1. A course, road, or way by which 

one may travel. 2. An itinerary, as of a march, indicating the 

way to be taken and the location of headquarters for each evening. 

route Border. Feuille de route (n. /.): fu'^ya da rut. trans- 

rt r. Routes d'etapes: rut de"tap'. 
v. Frotter: f refute'. a rub down. 1. Un coup de 
bouchon: an ku da bu"Shen' (as a horse, with a wisp of straw). 2. 
Un coup de torchon: an ku da ter"6hen' (when done with a cloth). 

to rub down. Bouchonner: bu"sTien'^,ne' (as horses, with a 
wisp of straw). 

rubber. Caoutchouc (n. TO.): ka"ut"sTiu'. 

rudder. Gouvernail (n. m.): gu'Veynd'^ya. 

rude, a. Impoli (m.), impolie (/.): an"po"li'. 

ruin. Ruine (n. /.) : ruin'. 

rule. R6gle (n. /.): ra'^gla. as a rule. En general: an 

3 e"ne"ral'. 

ruin. Rhum (n. TO.): rem (liquor). 
rumor. Rumeur (n. /.): ru"mur'. 
rump. La croupe d'un cheval: la krup dan slia-vdl'. 
run. I. n. Course (/.): kur'^sa. II. v. 1. Courir: ku"^'. 

2. Imper. Courez! ku"re'. 
runaway. Fuyard (n. TO.) : fwf'yar'. runaway horse. Che- 

val emportei.sTia-val' ah"per"te'. 
runner, n. 1. Coureur (m.): ku"rur'. 2. Courrier (TO.): ku"- 

rl"^ye'. 3. Estafette (/.): es"ta"fet' (an officer's orderly in the 

trenches). 
running, a. Courant (m.~): ku"ran'; courante (/.): ku"raht'. 

running fight. Escarmouche de route (/.) : es"kar"musTi' da rut . 
rush. I. n. 1. Mouvement pre'cipite' (m.): mu"^.va-mdh' 

pre'sl'prte'. 2. Elan (m.): e"lah' (das)i). II. v. Enlever par un 
coup de main: an'^la-ve' par an ku da man. rush with the bayo- 
net. S'elancer a la baionnette: se"lan"se' a la ba"^yo"net'. to r. 
forward. S'elancer en avant: se"lan"se' an^a'vaii'. to r. the 
position, c. Se precipiter sur la position: sa pre"srpl / 'te' siir la 
po'zrsr^yen'. short r. Un bond rapide: an ben ra"pld'. 

Russia. Russie (7i./.):nis"^,sr. Russian, n. UnRusse:anriis. 

rye. Seigle (n. TO.): sa'^gla. 

S 

S. A. A., abbrev. Small Arms Ammunition. 

saber. Sabre (n. TO.): sd'^bra. 

sack. I. n. Sac (TO.): sak. II. v. Saccager: sak^ka'^e'. 

sad, a. Triste (TO. & /.) : trlst. 

saddle. I. n. Selle (/.): sel. II. v. Seller: sel^le'. saddle* 
bag, n. 1. Sacoche (/.) : sa'kSsh'. 2. Bissac (m.): bls'^,sak'. 
saddle <cloth, n. 1. Couverture (/.): kQ"var"tiir'. 2. Housse 
(/.): hds'^sa. s. 'Shaped. Dos d'ane: do dan. 

saddler, n. 1. Bourrelier (TO.): bur"^ra-H" v _ye / . 2. Sellier 
(m.): sel's^ir^ye'. saddler ^sergeant, n. Maitre bourrelier: 
mantra bQr'^ra^ir^y6'. _ 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

dune; <5hin; go; n = sin#; sllip; Olin; this. 



121 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

saddlery. Sellerie (n. /.): ser^la-rl'. 

safe, a. 1. Sauf (TO.): sSf; sauve (/.): s6v. 2. Prudent (m.): 
prii'dan'; prudente (/.): prii'dant'. safe from. A 1'abrl de: a 
la'brl' da. safeguarding. Mise en surete: mlz^an su'^ra-te'. 
safety. Surete (./.): sii'^ra-te'. safety >catch. Cran de 
surete: kran da su'^ra-te'. 

sail. I. n. Voile (/.):vwal. II. v. Naviguer: na"vl"gg'. 

sailor. Marin (n. TO.): ma"ran'. 

St. Vitus dance. Danse de St.-Guy: dans da san gi. 

salient. Saillant (n. TO.): soi'^yan'. 

sallow, a. 1. Jaunatre: so'na'^tra. 2. BISme: blam. 

sally. I. n. Sortie (/.): ser"ti'. II. v. Sortir: ser"tlr'. 

saloon. Estaminet (n. TO.): es"ta"ml"ne'. 

salt. Sel (M. m.): sel. salt*pit. Saline (n. /.): sa"lin'. 
rocks. Sel gemme: sel 3em'v_ma. Epsom salts. Sel anglais: 
sel an'gla'. some salt. Du sel: du sel. 

salute. I. n. Salut (m.): sa"lu'. II. v. Saluer: sa"lu"e'. 
fire a salute. Tirer une salve: tl're' iin salv. to salute the 
colors. Saluer le drapeau: sa'lu'e' la dra'po'. 

salvo. Salve (n. /.) : salv. 

"Sam Brown." A heavy leather, web, or cloth surcingle, with 
light strap running diagonally over the right shoulder. 

same, a. & adv. Meme: mam. 

sand. Sable (n. TO.): sa'^bla. Abbr. Se. sandbag. Sac a 
terre: sak a tar. s.<dunes, s. Chills. Dunes (n. /.): dim. s. 
pit. Sabliere (n. /.): sa'bli'^yar'. Abbreviated Sablre s. 
plain. Lande (n. /.): land. sandy, a. Sablonneux (m.): sa*- 
blon'^nu'; sablonneuse (/.): 8a"blen"^,nuz'. 

sandwich. Sandwich (n. TO.): sarTdwitsh'. See CHEESE; HAM. 

sangar. Parapet en pierres: pa"ra"pe' an pi'^yar'a (breast- 
icork) . 

sanitary, a. Sanitaire (TO. & /.) : sa"nrtar'. sanitary meas- 
ures. Mesures sanitaires: ma-ziir 7 sa'ttl'tar 7 . s. service. Ser- 
vice sanitaire: sar*vls' sa'nTtar'. sanitation. Hygiene (re. /.) : 
rsran'. 

sap. I. n. Sape (/.): sap (ditch). II. v. Saper: sa"pe' (under- 
mine or approach by trenches). counter sap. Contre-sape: 
keh'^tra sap. covered sap. Sape couverte: sap kQ'vart'. 
double sap. Sape double: sap du'^bla. flying sap. Sape 
volante: sap vS'laht'. sap and mine works. Travaux de sape 
et de mine: tra'vo' da sap e da mln. saprfork. Fourche de sap: 
fur.sh da sap. sap*shleld. Bouclier de mineur: ba'kll'^yg' da 
mruur 7 . 

saphead. T6te de sape: tat da sap. 

sapper. Sapeur (n. TO.): sa"pur'. [surer: sa8*^siir"6'. 

satisfy. Satisfaire: sa"tls"far / . to satisfy oneself, v. S'as- 

Saturday. Samedi (n. TO.): sa*^.ma-di'. 

sauce. Sauce (n. /.) : sos. 

saucer. Soucoupe (n. /.): su"kup'. 

saucepan. Casserole (n. /.) : kas"_sa-rol'. 

sausage, n. 1. [Small.] Saucisse (/.): so'sis'. 2. [Large.] 
Sauclsson (m.): 86'sls'^sen' (name applied to kite balloons). 

save, v. I. Sauver: s6"ve'. 2. Preserver: pre"zar"ve'. 3. 
Eviter: 6'vl't6'. 4. Gagner: ga'^nye'. God save the king! 
Vive le roi! vlv la rwa. s. delay, s. time. Gagner du temps: 
ga'^nye' du tail (gain time). 

saw. I. n. Scie (/.): si. II. v. Scier: sl"_ye'. chain* or 
jointed saw. Scie articulee: si ar"tl"ku"le'. cross-cut saw. 
Scie a doubles dents: si a dQ'^bla dan. folding saw. Scie ar- 
ticulee: si artl*ku*16'. 

sawmill. Scierie (n. /.) : sr^-9-rI'. Abbreviated Scie. 

say, v. Dire: dlr. so to say. Pour ainsi dire: pur an"sl dir. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; IQ = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; rj = sing; sllip; thin; this. 



sentor A SERVICE DICTIONARY 122 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pr6y; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; er; full; rule; but; bOrn; a = final; 

scab, n. 1. CroClte (/.): krut (in medicine). 2. Gale (/.): gal 
(in veterinary science). 

scabbard. Fourreau de sabre (n. m.) : fur*v_r6' da sa'^bre. 

scaffolding, Echafaudage (n. m.): e"sha"fo"da3'. 

scald, v. Echauder: e"sho"dc'. 

scale. I. n. 1. Tarif (m.): ta"nf (of prices). 1. Echelle (/.): 
e'shel' (of a map). II. v. Escalader: es"ka"la"de'. deflection 
scale. Planchette des derives: plan*s"het' de de'rlv'. scale (or 
climb) a hill. Gravir une colline: gra'vlr' iin kel'^lln'. 
scale of rations. Taux des rations: to de ra"sl*^yen'. 

scaling. Escalade (n. /.): es"ka"lad'. scaling-ladder. 
Echelle de siege (/.): 6'shel' da sl'fts'. 

scales. Balance (n. /.): bal"dns' (for weighing). 

scant, a. 1. Claire (m. &/.): klar (of the hair, in identification). 
2. InsufiLsant (m.) : an'sur^fTzah'; Insufflsante (/.): ah'suf'^n*- 
zant'. scanty, adv. 1. Insufflsant. See SCANT, a. 2. 2. Clair- 
seme: klar"_sa-me' (of the hair). 

scar. Cicatrip e (n. f.) : sl"ka"tris'. 

scarf, n. 1. Echarpe (/.): e" sharp'. 2. Cravate (/.): kra*vat'. 

scarp. Escarpe (n. /.): es"kdrp'. scarp sgallery. Galerie 
d'escarpe (/.): ga'^la-rl' des'karp'. s.srecess. Coffre d'escarpe 
(n. m.) : kef'^fra des"karp'. 

scatter, v. 1. Disperser: dis"par"se'. 2. Eparpiller: e'par"- 
pr_ye'. 

scheme, n. 1. Projet (m.): pre"3e'. 2. Plan (m.Hplan. 

school, n. Ecole (/.): e"kor. s. of musketry. Ecole de tir: 
e"kol' da tir. 

scissors, n. Ciseaux (m. pi.): sis"z6'. 

scope, n. 1. Espace (/.): es"pas'. 2. Place (/.): plus. 

score. Vingtaine (n. f.) : van"tan' (twenty). 

Scotch, Scottish, a. Ecossais (m.): e"kos"^,sa' ; 6cossaise 
(/.): e"kos_saz'. Scotsman. Ecossais: e'kos'^sa'. Scot- 
land. Ecosse (n. f.): e'kos'^sa. 

SCOUt. I. n. Eclaireur (m.):,e ff kla"rur'. II. r. Eclairer: e*- 
kla're'. mounted scout. Eclaireur a cheval, ou monte: 6*- 
klaTur' a slia-val', u mon'te'. s.duty. Service d'eclaireur: 
sar'vls' de"kia"rur'. 

screen. I. n. 1. Ecran (m.): e"kran'. 2. Rideau (m.): ri"do'. 
II. v. 1. Mettre a 1'abrl: met'^tra a la'brl'. 2. Defller: de*n*16' 
(protect). 3. Dissimuler: dls"^sl"mu"le' (conceal; hide). out- 
post screen. Reseau des avant*postes: re"z5' dez^av'an' 
pOst (system of outposts). s. of troops. Rideau de troupes: 
rl'do' da triip. screened communication. Communication 
defllee: kem*^mu*nl"ka"'sr^,yeh' de"fl"le' (sheltered fro// 
fire). to be screened from the enemy's fire. Etre defile du 
feu de 1'enneml: a'^tra de'n"16' du fu da len*_na-ml'. to 
screen the artillery. Dissimuler 1'artillerie: dls_sl"mii"le' 
lar"t!"^,ya-n'. to s. oneself. Se dissimuler: sa dls'^sl'mii'le'. 

screw. Vis (n. /.): vis. adjustingscrew. Visdecommande: 
vis da kem'^mand'. breechs. Vis de culasse: vis da kii'las'. 
s.sdrlver. Tournevls (n. m.): turn'vls'. [3. Rixe (/.): rlks. 

scrimmage, n. 1. Lutte (/.): liit. 2. Bagarre (/.): ba"gar'. 

scrub. I. n. 1. Fourr^s (in. pi.): furore' (thicket). 2. Brous- 
sailles (f.^pl.): brus'^sal'^ya (brushwood). II. r. 1. Laver: la*- 
v6'. 2. Ecurer: 6*kii*r6' (pots, pans, etc.). 

sea. Mer (n. /.): mar. seaboard. Littoral (71. TO.): l!t"^ 
to"ral'. sea board: bluffs. Rochers plats dans la mer: ro'slifi' 
pla dan la mar. sea level. Nlveau de la mer (m.) : nl'vO* da la 
mar. 

seaplane. Hydroavion (n. m.): Tdro' a"\-r^yen'. 

seaport. Port maritime: per ma"ri / 'tim / . 

seashore. Plage (n. f.) : pla5. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 10 = feud; 

diine; Chin; go; u = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



123 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; flrt; fat; fare; fast; get; pr6y; hit; police; 
obey; g; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; 9 = final; 
sear, t>. Bruler: bru"le'. 
search. I. n. 1. Recherche (/.): ra-sTiarsh'. 2. Exploration 

(/-): eka'plc'ra'sr^yen'. II. t>. 1. Explorer: eks'plo're'. 2. 

Fouiller: fu'yg'. 3. Chercher: sTiar'sTie''. to search the coun- 

try. Fouiller le terrain: fQ"y6' la tfir*ran'. 
searching, a. Percant (m.): par"sdn'; percante (/.): par"sant' 

(said of a look, the wind, etc.). 
searchlight. Projecteur (n. m.) : pre"3ek"tur'. 
season. I. n. Saison(/.): s5"zen'. II. v. 1. Assaisoner: as"^ 

sfi'zo'ng' (of food). 2. Acclimater: ak'^kirma'te' (acclimate). 
seat. I. n. 1. Siege (m.): s!"a3'. 2. Place (/.): plas. II. v. 1. 

Faire asseoir: far as'swar'. 2. Accommoder- ak'^kom'^mO'de'. 

seat of war. Le theatre de la guerre: la te"a'^tra da la gar. 
second. Second (n. m.): sa-gen'. 
secrecy. Secret (n. m.): sa-kre'. 
secret. I. a. Secret (m.): sa-kre'; secre'te (/.): sa-kret'. II. n. 

Secret (m.): sa-kre'. s. service. Service de renselgnements: 

safvls' da ran'se'^nya-mfin'. agent of the secret service. 

Agent secret: a'gan' sa-kre'. 
secretary. Secretaire: sa-kre"tar'. secretary of state for 

war. Ministre de la guerre: ml"nls'_tra da la gar. 
section. Section (n. /.) : sek"sl"^yen'. 
sector. Secteur (n. m).: sek"tur'. 
secure, v. 1. Mettre en stirete": met'^tra an siir"^8-te'. 2. 

S'emparer de: sah''pa' r re' da. 
see, v. Voir: vwar. See Appendix. see there! Voila! vwa"- 

la'. we are glad to see you. Nous sommes heureux de vous 

volr: nu 8omz w ,0r*u' da vtt vwar. 
seesaw. I. n. 1. Bascule (/.): bas"kiil'. 2. Va*et*vient (/.): 

va 6 vl'an'. II. v. Basculer: bas*ku"16'. 
seek, v. Chercher: sTiar^^he'. to seek out the enemy. 

Rechercher 1'ennemi: ra-8har"ghg' len'^na-ml'. 
seem, . 1. Sembler: san"ble' (give the impression). 2. Pa- 

raitre: pa'ra'^tra (appear). it seems to me. II me semble: 

II ma san'_bla. 
seen, pa. Vu (m.), vue (/.): vu. have you seen ? Avez- 

vous vu ? a*v6' va vii. 
seize, v. 1. Saisir: sa"zlr'. 2. S'emparer de: san"pa"re' da. 3. 

Enlever: an*_la-vC'. seize a position. Enlever une position: 

an*^la-ve' un po*zl*sl'^.yon'. 
seizing. Enrayage (71. m.) : an"ra / '^yd3' (sticking fast, owing 

to excessive heat, as a cartridge in a magazine rifle). 
seizure, n. 1. Prise (/.) : priz. 2. Saisie (/.) : sa"zl'. 3. Main- 

mise (/.): man'mlz'. 

seldom, adv. Rarement: ra^ra-man'. 
self, pron. Soim6me: swa"mam / . selfreliance. Confiance 

en soUmeme: ken*n*ans'^an swa'mfim'. 
selfsstarter. 1. Mise en marche: miz^an marsh. 2. D6- 

marreur automatique: de'raar'^rur 7 6"tO*ma*tIk'. 
sell, v. Vendre: van'^dra. do you sell ? Vendez-vous ? 

van*d6' vQ. seller, n. Vendeur (m.): van'dur'; vendeuse (/.): 

van'duz'. 

semaphore, n. Semaphore (m.): se"ma"fer'. 
seminary. S6minaire (n. m.): se"m!"nar'. 
send, . Envoyer: an"vwa"^ye'. to send a cable ashore. 

Jeter, ou lancer, 1'amarre: sa-tfi'. u lan'sC', la'mar'. s. on. En- 

voyer en avant: ah'vwa*^-y6'^,ans_a*vQh'. s. out patrols. 

Envoyer des patrouilles: an'vwa'^yB' d6 pa'trQ'I'^ya. 
senior, a. 1. Ain6 (m.), ainee (/.) : a"ne'. 2. Plus 61ev6 : plus_ 

6'^la-ve'. 3. Plus ancien (m.): pliis^,an*sr^,yan'; plus ancienne 
(/.): pliis^ah'srygn'^na (of persons in office). senior officer. 

L'offlcler le plus eleve: lof'^n'sl^yg' la plus_e"_la-ve'. senlor- 

ity. Anclennete (n. /.) : qn'sryCn 



_ 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oIH lu = feud; 
dttne; Cliin; go; rj = sin0; sliip; fhin; this. 



shock A SERVICE DICTIONARY 124 

artistic; flrt; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

sense. Sens (n. TO.): sans. common sense. Bon sens: boo 
sails. 

sentence. Jugement (m.) : 3(1*^3 e-rnan'. 

sentinel. Same as SENTRY. 

sentry. Sentinelle (n. /.) : san"tl"nel'. sentry box. Gue>ite 
(w. /.): ga"rlt . mounted s. Vedette (n. /.): va-det'. pro- 
tected s.*post. 1. Chemln couvert: sha-man' ku'var 7 . 2< 
Ronde (n. /.): rond. s.spost. L'emplacement d'une sentinelle: 
lan*pla"'-_sa-man' diin san'trnel'. to be on s. Etre en sentinelle: 
a'^tra an san*tl*nel'. to obey the s. Obelr a la sentinelle: 
o*be*Ir / a la san'trnel'. to post a s. Mettre en sentinelle: 
met'^tra an san'trnel'. to relieve the sentries. Relever lea 
sentlnelles: ra-la-v6' le san'ti'nel'. to stand s. Falre sentinelle: 
far san'trnel'. to supply sentries. Fournlr des sentlnelles: 
fur"nlr' dS san"tl"ner. 

September. Septembre (n. TO.): sep"tan'vjbra. 

septic, a. Septique (TO. & /.) : sep'tik'. 

Serbia, Servia. Serbie (n. /.): sar"bl'. Serbian, Servian. 
Serbe (m. & /.) : sarb. 

sergeant, n. 1. Sergent (TO.) : sa^an' (infantry) . 2. Mare'chal 
des logls (m.): mc're'sTiar de lo"3l' (cavalry). sergeant-major, 
n. 1. Sergentmajor (m.): sar"3an' ma'ser' (of infantry). 2. 
Marechal des logls chef (m.) : ma"re"sTiar dg lo*3l' slief (of cat 'airy). 

serious, a. 1. Serieux (m.): se"ri"0'; sdrieuse (/.): se"ri"uz'. 
2. Grave (m. & /.) : grav. 

servant, n. 1. Domestique (m. &/.): do"mes"tik' (household). 
2. Brosseur (m.) : bres'^sur'. Compare ORDERLY. 

service. Service (n. TO.): sar"vls'. army service corps. 
Commissariat (n. m.) : kem"_mls"^_sa''rra'. auxiliary s. Service 
auxilialre: sar*vl3'_ok"srir^,yar / . on active s. 1. En cam- 
pagne (during war): an kan"pa'^,nya. 2. Service actif: sar"vls' 
qk'tlf (during peace time passed with the colors). personal s. 
Etatde services: e"ta' da sar"v!s' (chart recording individual service). 

servile, a. Servile (TO. & /.): sar"vir. 

set, v. 1. Placer: plo/'se'. 2. Poser: po"ze'. 3. Mettre: met'^, 
tra (put). 4. Regler: re"gle' (regulate). 

setting, n. 1. Mise (/.) : mlz. 2. Pose (/.): p5z. 3. Placement 
(m.): plas'man'. setting-up exercises. Exerclces d'assouplis- 
sement: eg"zar"sls' das"^su*plls*^s8-man'. 

settle, v. 1. tablir: e"ta"bllr'. 2. Fixer: fik"se'. 

seven, a. & n. Sept: set. seventh, a. & n. Septidme (TO. & 
/.): set'yam'. seventeen, a. & n. Dlxsept: dl'set'. seven- 
teenth, a. & n. m. Dix=septieme: drset'yam'. seventieth, 
a. & n. m. Solxante*dixieme: swas"_saht' dlz"yam'. seventy, 
a. & n. m. Soixante-dix: swas'^scint' dls. seventy *one, a. & n. 
m. Soix'ante et onze: swas'^sfint'^e enz. 

seventy *fives. Les soixante-quinzes: le swas"s_sdnt' kanz (75* 
centimeter guns, which flre the "flying pigs"). 

sew, v. Coudre: ku^dre. 

sewingcase or kit. N6cessaire a coudre (TO.): ne"ses"sar' a 
kQ'^dra. 

sewing -cotton. Coton (n. m.): ko^ten'. 

shade. Ombre (n. /.) : eh'^,bra. 

shaft, n. 1. Brancard (TO.): bran^kar'. 2. Timon (TO.): tl"- 
men'. 

shaggy, a. 1. Poilu (TO.), poilue (/.): pwa"lu'. 2. Touffu (TO.), 
touffue (/.) : tQf^fii'. Compare POILU. 

shake, v. Secouer: sa-ku'T;'. shake hands with. Serrer la 
main a: sar*^r6' la man a. 

shali, v. 1. Devoir: da-vwar'. 2. Vouloir: vul"war'. I shall 
go. J'iral: sl'ra'. shall I go? Irai-je? Tra'^sa. 

shallows, n. pi. Bas*fonds (TO.) : ba"fen'. 

sham fight. Petite guerre: pa-tit 7 gar. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; lu = feud; 

cliine; diin; go; n = singr; sliip; thin; this. 



1125 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; 
obey; go; net 



artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
; Or; full; rQle; but; burn; a = final; 



shape, n. Forme (/.): farm. 

sharp, a. 1. Pointu (TO.), pointue (/.): pwan"tu'. 2. Aigu 

(TO.), aigue (/): a'gii' (said of the chin in identification). 
sharpshooter. Tirailleur (n. TO.): trrai'^yur'. 
shatter, v. 1. Briser: bri"ze'. 2. Fracasser: fralcas^sg'. 
shave, v. Raser: ra"ze'. shaved, a. Ras6: ra"ze'. to get 

shaved. Se falre raser: sa far ra'ze'. 
shaving-brush. Blaireau (n. m.): blS'rO'. 
she, pron. Elle (/.) : el. 
shears, n. pi. 1. Cisailles (/.) : sfzoi'^ya. 2. Ciseaux (TO.) : sl*- 

z5'. hand ^shears. Cisailles a main: sl'zal'^ya a man. 
sheath, n. 1. Etui (n. TO.) : e'twl'. 2. Fourreau (n. TO.) : f ur*^r6'. 
shed, n. 1. Hangar (n. TO.) : han"gdr'. 2. Stable (/.) : e'ta'^bla. 
sheep, n. sing. & pi. Mouton (n. TO. sing.): mu"ten'. sheep- 

fold, re. 1. Bercail (TO.): ber*kai'. 2. Bergerie (/.): ba 

sheepspen. Pare a moutons (m.): park a mu'ten'. 
sheer*line hawser. Cincenelle (n. /.): san"^sa-nel'. 
sheers, n. pi. Bigue (n./.): big (spars and tackle for hoisting). 
sheet, 71. Drap (n. TO.) : dra. ground ssheet, n. Toile vernie: 

twal var*nl' (rubber*sheet) . 
sheeting or timbering, n. 1. Blindage (TO.): blan*da3'. 2. 

Boisage (TO.): bwa'zas' (timbering). 3. Coflrage (m.): kef'^fras' 

(coffering) . 
shell, n. Obus (TO.): o'Tju'. green*cross shell. Obus as- 

phyxiant: 5*bu' as'flks'sryan' (gas-shell). H. E. S., abbr. 

High explosive shell commonly called "H. E." Obus detonant: 

6'bu' de*tonah'. illuminating s. Obus eclairant: 6"buz'^ 

ek'la'rah'. percussion s. Obus percutant: o"bu' par"ku"tan'. 

segment s. Obus a mltraille: 5"buz'_a ml'trai'^ya. shell* 
base, n. Culot d'un obus: kii'lo' dan 5"^bu'. shell =hody. 
Corps d'un obus: ker dan 6'^bii'. s.shole. Trou d'obus: tru 
do'bii'. shrapnel s. Obus a balles: 6*biiz'^a bal. straws. 
Obus a etoiles eclalrantes: 5'buz'^a e'twal' e'klSr'ant' (for illu- 
minating an enemy's position as they explode). timers. Obus 
fusant: 5*bii' fu'zdn'. 

shell, r. 1. Bombarder: ben'TDar / 'de'. 2. Canonner: ka"nen"^ 
116'. 3. Lancer des obus BUT: lan'se' dez^O'bii' siir. 

shelter, n. 1. Abri (TO.): a'Tm'. 2. Refuge (TO.): ra-fus'. 
On maps, Rge. shelter>tent. Tenteabri (n. /.) : tant'a'brt'. 

s.*trench. Tranchee de refuge: tran'slig' da ra-fiis'. splin- 
ter.proof s. Pare-eclat (n. m.): pare'kla'. 

shelter, r. 1. Abriter: a*brl"te'. 2. Prot6ger: prS'te^e'. 

shepherd, n. Berger (n. w.) : bar*3e'. shepherd's hut. 1. 
Buron (n. m.) : bvi'ron'. 2. Cortail: kor*tai'. Abbreviated Ctal. 

shield. Bouclier (n. TO.): bu'kll^ye'. portable-shield. 
Boucller portatif: bQ'kll'^yg' pOr'ta'tlf. s.apron. Bouclier 
de canon (n. m.): bQ'kll'^yg' da ka'nen'. 

shilling. Shelling: sha-lan'. See MONEY. 

shining, a. Brillant (TO.) : bri"^ydn'; brillante (/.) : bri"^yaht'. 

ship, n. 1. Vaisseau (m.): vas'^so'. 2. Navire (m.): na"vlr r . 
3. Bailment (m.): ba'trmuh'. ship-broker, n. Courtier mari- 
time (TO.): kQr"tI*_ye' ma'rl'tlm'. s.^chandler, n. Fournisseur 
de la marine (TO.): fur'nls'^sur' da la ma'rtn'. s. of war. Vais- 
seau de guerre: vas'sO' da gfir. ship's company. Equipage 
(n. TO.): e'krpas' (crcic). troops. Transport mllltalrc (m.): 
trahs'pOr' ml'll'tar' (transport). 

shipmaster. Capitaine de navire (TO.): ka"pl ff tan' da na*vlr' 
(merchant marine). 

shirk, r. 1. Eviter: e"vrte'. 2. Eluder: e"lu"de'. 

shirt, n. Chemise (n. /.) : sha-mlz'. 

shock, n. Choc (n. m.): shek. shock absorber. Amortisseur 
(n. TO.) : q'mor'tls''^.80r / . _ 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; eil; 1O = feud; 

dune; Cliin; go; rj = sin0; ^hip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 126 

artistic; art; fat; faro; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; 3 = final; 

shod, imp. & pp. of SHOE, v. 1. Chausse: ^hoV'^se' (of per- 
sons). 2. Ferre: far"^rf-' (of horses, etc.). properly shod. 
Ferre convenablement: far'^re' kon"^va-na".^bla-man'. 

Shoe. I. n. 1. (1) Soulier (TO.): su"H"^yg'. (2) pi. Chaussures: 
ghos"^sur'. 2. Pneu (m.): pnu (motornchcel lire). 3. For (?..): 
far (horse). II. P. 1. Chausser: *hos"^se'. 2. Ferrer: far"_re' 
(of animals). 3. Saboter: sa"bo"te' (of machinery). locking: 
shoe. Sabot d'enrayage: sa"bo' dan'ra'^yas'. s.slace, n. 
Lacet de chaussures: ia"se' da sTi5s"'_sur'. these shoes are 
too small. Cos souliers sont trop petits: se su"H"vO' son tro pa-tl'. 
to shoe a horse. Ferrer un cheval: fer",_re' an sTia-voT. 

shoeing, n. Le ferrage (n. TO.) : la far"^.ro3' (of horses). shoe- 
ingcsmith, n. Marechal ferrant (n. m.) : ma"re"Sriul' far"^,rau' 
(farrier) . 

shoot, v. Tirer: ti"re'. to shoot down. Abattre d'un coup 
de feu: a"bat'-_tra dan ku da fu. 

shop, n. 1. Magasin (m.): ma"ga"zan'. 2. Boutique (/.): 
bu"tlk'. where Is the best shop? Ou est le meilleur magazin? 
u e la me'^yur' ma"ga"zan'. where Is the cheapest s.? <)u 
est le magazin de plus bon marche? u e la ma"ga"zan' da plii ben 



short, a. 1. Court (m.): kur; courte (/.): kurt. 2. Petit (m.): 
pa-tl'; petite (/.): pa-tit'. 3. Brusque (m.&f.): briisk (abrupt). 
be short of. Manquer de (v.): man"ke' da. s. circuit. Cour 
circuit (re. .): kur"sir ff kwi'. s. cut. Raccourci (n.m.): rak"^ 
kQr"sI'. 

short isigh ted, a. Myope: ml"p'^pa. be short sigh ted. 
Avoir la vue courte: av"wflr' la vii kurt. 

Shot. I. n. 1. (i) Balle (/.): bdl (bullet of a rifle). (2) Boulet 
(m.) : bu"le' (Mil of a cannon) . %. Coup (m.) : ku (discharge of a 
firearm). 3. Tireur (m.): tl"rur' (marksman). II. imp. & pp. of 
SHOOT, v. Frappe: frap"^pe' (hit). See HIT. good shot. I'n 
bon tireur: an ben trrur 7 . I am s. Je suis frappe: 553 swl 
frap'^pe'. poor s. Un mauvais tireur: an mo"va' tl"rur'. to 
be s. Etre fusille: a'^tra fu'el'^ye'. 

should, imp. of SHALL. I should like. Je voudrais: 33 vu"drii'. 

shoulder, n. Epaule (n. /.): e"por. shoulder arms. See 
under ARMS. s.sstrap. Patte d'epaule (n. /.): pat de'pol'. 

shout, v. Crier: krl'^ye'. 

shovel. I. n. Pelle (./.): pel. II. v. Pelleter: per^Ja-to'. 
shovel and spade. Pelle^beche (n. /.): pel'basfh' (combination 
trench tool). 

Show, v. 1. Montrer: men"tre'. 2. Indiquer: an*dl*k8 / . 
show me some. Faites-moi voir de: fat mwa v\\ar da. show 
me that. Montrezmoi ca: mon"tre' mwa sn. 

shrapnel. Obus a balles (m.) : 6 ff buz',_a bal. 

shrouds, n. pi. Haubans (m.): h6"ban'. [mand. 

"shun!" Contraction of "Attention": used as a word of corn- 

shut, a. Ferm6 (TO.), ferme'e (/.): feV'me'. 

shutter, n. 1. Volet (TO.) : vo"le'. 2. Obturateur (m.) : 6b"tii w - 
ra'tur' (in ordnance). 

Shy. I. a. 1. Timide (TO. &/.): ti"mid' (of persons). 2. Om- 
brageux: en'bra'sO' (of horses). II. v. 1. Faire un ecart: far ah 
g'kar 7 (of horses). 2. Etre ombrageux: a'^-tra en*bra"30' (of 
horses). 

Sick. I. a. Malade (m. & /.) : ma"lad'. II. n. pi. Malades 
(m. &/.): ma'lad' (of troops). sick-leave. Conge de convales- 
cence: ken"36' da kon"va"les"^sans'. In French soldiers' argot, 
la convalo (n. /.): la ken" r va"lo'. sickness. Maladie (n. /.): 
ma'la'dl'. [var la ko'tS'. 

side, n. C6t6 (n. m.): ko"te'. toward the side. Versle cotd: 

sidewalk, n. Trottoir (n. TO.) : tret"^,twdr'. 

sideways, adv. De cot6: da ko^tfV. _ 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diino; tfhin; go; rj = siny; sllip; fhin; this; 



127 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; gO; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
Siding, n. 1. Voie de garage (/.) : vwa da ga"rdo' (main or double 

track line). 2. Gared'evltemeat: gar de"vr^ta-man' (single track 

line). 
siege, n. Siege (n. m.): sTls'. siege 'howitzer. Obusier 

(n. m.): O'bii'zr^yC'. s. operations. Operations de siege: 

o'pg'ra'sl'^yon' da slfis'. 
sift, p. 1. Cribler: kri"ble' (with a sieve}. 2. Examiner: eg"- 

za'ml'ng' (mentally). 
Sight. I. n. 1. Vue (/.):vu (general). 2. Hausse (/.) : hos (of a 

gun). 3. Vlsec (/.): vl'zg' (line of vision). II. t.^1. Voir: vwar. 

2. Apercevoir: a'par'^sa-v-vvar'. at first sight. A premiere vue: 
a pra-mr^yar 7 vii. backs. Cran de mire: krcm da mlr. fore* 
8. Guidon, m. : gl'den'. Independents. Hausse independante: 
hes an"de"pan"darit'. keen s. Bonne vue: bSn'^na vii. 
line of sight. Ligne de mire: U'^nya da mlr. telescope s. 
Hausse a lunette: hOs a lu'net'. to set the s. Regler la hausse: 
re'gie' la h5s. 

sign, n. Signe (n. m.) : si'^nya. sign Aboard. Poteau indie a- 
teur (n.m.): po'to' an'drka'tur'. s.=post, n. Poteau d'en- 
seigne: po*t6' don'sg'^nya. 

signal, n. Signal (n. m.): sl^nyat'. Abbreviated Sal. pre- 
arranged signal. Signal convenu d'avance: sr_nyal' ken'^va- 
nii' da'vans'. signal-box, n. Cabine de signaleur (/.): ka'bln' 
da sr^nya'lur'. s.scorps, n. Sapeurs telegraphistes: sa'pur* 
t*lg'gra''nst' s.^mast, n. Mat de signaux (m.): ma da sl*^, 
nyo'. to s. the train. Signaler le train: sl'^nya'le' la trah. 

Sikh, n. Sikh (m.): slk; sikhe (/.): sl'-^ka. 

silence. I. n. Silence (TO.): sT'lans'. II. v. Eteindre: e"tan'- 
dra (said of gun-fire) . 

silencer, n. Silencieux (n. m.): s!"lan"sl"^yo'. See MUFFLER. 

Silent Land. Le Payssourd: la pa^yi' sur. ("The configura- 
tion of a part of Picardy muffles sound and the country folk call 
It Silent Land." JOHN BUCHAN, Battle of the Somme, p. 30.) 

Silesia, n. Silesie (n. /.): si"le"sl'_a. 

silver, n. Argent (n. m.): ar*3dn'. See MONET. 

simultaneous, a. Simultan6 (m.), simultanee (/.): s'"mur- 
ta'ne'. 

since, prep. Depuis: da-pwl'. 

sing, v. Chanter: shan"te'. 

single, a. Seul (m.), seule (/.): sul. 

sink, v. 1. Tomber au fond: teh"be' 6 fen. 2. Couler a fond: 
ka*16' a fen (of a ship). 

sip, v. Boire u petits coups: bwar a pa-tl' ku. 

Sir, n. 1. ' ' 
Itaine," D . 

siren, n. Sirene (n. /.): sl"ra'^na. 

sister, n. 1. Sosur(n./.): sur. 2. [Slanp.] La frangine (n./.): 
la fran'sln'. Used also as a nickname for Red Cross nurse. 
ward >sister. Innrmiere-major: au'nrrnl'^yar' ma'ser'. 

site, n. Emplacement (n. m.) : an"pla"v_-S9-nidi'i'. 

sitting, pa. Assis (TO.): as*s^sl'; assise (/.): as",_.s:z' (d&cribino 
condition of hospital patient). 

situation, n. Situation (n. /.): sI'tuVsT^yen'. 

six, a. & n. Six (before a consonant): si; (before a vowel): slz; 
(at the end of a phrase): sis. six<foot way. Kntrevoie (n.f.): 
an'^tra-vwu'. sixth, a. & n. Sixierno (m. &/.): srzr^yam'. 

sixteen, a. & n. Seize (m.): srz sixteenth, a. & n. Seizidme 
(m. & f.) : s6*zr^yfim'. sixtieth, a. & n. Soixantieme (m. & /.) : 
swas*^,san*tr^yam'. sixty, a. & n. Soixante (m.): swos'^, 
stint'. 

size, n. 1. Grandeur (/.): gran'dur'. 2. Taille (/.): tai'^.ya. 

3. Dimension (f.): drman'sl'^yen'. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; itt = feud; 
dilnr; Cliin; go; g = xing; .<hip; fliin; HiK 



jjuiic a JJ^I-ILO uwupo. uvvvxt u j^o-ti ivu. 

1. Mon (a. m.): nion (.-is a title of address, "man cap- 
j," my captain). 2. Monsieur (n. m.): mu-sl*^yu'. 



sofdier A SERVICE DICTIONARY 128 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; er; full; rule; bat; burn; a = final; 
sketch. I. n. Croquis (m.): kro"kl'. II. c. Esquiaser; es"- 



kid, v. Draper: dS"ra"p8'. 

Skim, v. 1. Effleurer: ef'\_flu / 'r6' (aeneral). 3. Raser: ra'zS' 

(raze the ground). 3. Ecr&ter: 6'kra'te'' (sweep the top of the battle- 

ments) . 
Skin. I. n. 1. Peau (/.): po. 2. Cuir (TO.): kwir (hide). II. v. 

1. Ecorcher: 5"ker"slie'. 2. Peler: pa-lg' (peel, as potatoes, etc.). 
skirmish. I. n. Escarmouche (n. /.): es^ar^mush'. II. v. 

Escarmoucher: es"kar"mu'sTie'. in skirmishing order. 1. A 
1'escarmouche: a les"kar"mus~h'. 2. En tirailleurs: an tlr*ai'^yur'. 

skirmishers. Tirailleurs (m. pi.): tlr"ai"^yur'. 

skirts, ?i. (/.) pi. LisieTes: H"zT"^yar' (of a forest, wood, etc.). 
skirtingwall, n. Mur d'enceinte (n. /.) : miir dan"sant'. 
Skull, n. Crane (n. TO.) : kran. broad 'Skulled. A parietaux 

ecartes: a pa"rre / 'toz'_e''kar"te''. 
Skupshtina, skup'sliti-na, n. 1. The Serbian parliament. 

2. The Montenegrin national assembly. 
sky, n. Ciel (n. TO.) : si"_yer. 
slacken, v. Relacher: ra-la"she'. 
slacker, n. Insoumi (n. TO.) : an"su"ml'. 
slacks, n. pi. Pantalon (n. TO.): pan"ta"len . 

Slash. I. n. 1. Coupure (/.): ku"piir' (of the body). 2. Balafre 

(/.): ba"la'^ird(oftheface). II. p. 1. Sabrer: sa'bre' (saber). 

2. Balafrer: ba"la"fre' (the face). to slash right and left. 

Taillader a drolte et a gauche: tl*^ya"de' a drwat e a go^h. 
slate, n. Ardoise (./.): ar"dwaz'.slatesquarry. Ardoisiere 

(n. /.): ar'dwa'zl'^.yar'. Abbreviated Ardre. 
slaughter. I. n. 1. Massacre (TO.) : mas'^sq'^kra. 2. Abut- 

tage (m.): a*ba"ta3' (of animals). II. v. 1. Egorger: e*ger"3e'. 

2. Massacrer: mas*^sa"kre'. 3. Abattre: a"bat'^tra (of animals). 

slaughterhouse. Abattoir (n. m.): a'baf^twar'. Abbre- 
viated Abat. 

Sleep. I. n. Sommeil (TO.): som'^me'^ye. II. v. Dormir: 
der'mlr'. I slept well. J'ai dorml comme un sabot: sa dor" ml' 
kem an sa"b6'. sleep well! 1. Bon repos: ben ra-po'. 2. 
Dormez blen: der"m6' br^.yan'. 

sleeper, n. Traverse (/.). tra'Vars' (for railroad rails). 

sleeping ^draught, n. Potion calmante (n. /.) : po"si"^yen' kal"- 
mant'. sleeping ssuits. Vetementsdenuit: va'^ta-man'daim'i. 

sleepless. Sans sommeil: san som"^,me'^y a. sleeplessness. 
Insomnie (/.): an'som'nl'. sleepless night. Nuit blanche: nwl 
blonsh. 

slender, a. Elancfi (TO), elancee (/.): e"lan"se'. 

slight, a. 1. Mince (TO & /.): mans (of a human figure), 'i. 
Falble (m. &/.): fa'bla (weak). 3. Peu important (m.) : pu ari"- 
por*tah'; peu Importante (/.): pu an*por*tflnt' (of no importanc< \. 

a s. wound. Une blessure legere: iin bles'^siir' le'sar 7 . there 
Is slight chance of danger. II y a peu de hasard: Il^I a pu do 
ha'zar'. 

slim, a. Svelte (TO. &/.): svelt. 

slime. Vase (n. /.): vdz. 

sling. I. n. 1. Echarpe (/.): e"sliarp / (for a broken limb). 2. 
Elingue (/.): e'lang' (nautical use). 3. Sangle (/.): sah'^gla (for 
horses). 4. Bretclle (/.) : bra-tel' (rifle-strap). II. r. 1. Lancer: 
lan'se' (throw). 2. Suspendre: siis"pan'^dra (hang). 3. Elinguer: 
e"lan"ge' (in nautical use). sling arms! En bandouliere! ah 
ban*du"ll_yar'. s. the nets! Greez les fllets! gre'e' 16 fl"16'. 

Slip. I. n. 1. Faux pas (TO.): fo pa (mistake). 2. Cale (/.): kdl 
(of a harbor). II. r. Glisser: glls_se'. 

slippery, a. Glissant (TO.) : glTs*^sdn'; glissante (/.): glTs*^, 
sent'. __ 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; ifl = feud; 

dUne; Cliin; go; o = si0; sTiip; fliin; this. 



129 A SERVICE DICTIONARY jJofdJer 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

Slope. I. n 1. Pente (/.): pant. 2. Talus (m.): ta"lu'. 3. 
Coteau (m.) : kO'W (declivity). Abbreviated Col. 4. Versant (m.) : 
var*san' (of a pass or mountain). II. c. 1. Pencher: pan"sh8'. 
2. Incliner: an'kirnC'. gentle slope. Pente douce: pant dus. 
midway up a s. A mi-pente: a ml pant. s. arms! Armes 
a volonte! armz^a vol*eh"t6'. sluplng ground. Terrain en 
pente: tar*ran' ah pant. steep slope. Pente raide: pant rfid. 

slot,n. Fente (n./.): faht cartridgesbelt slot. Couloir d'ali- 
mentation: kQl'wfir' da'irmah*ta*sl*v_.yen'. 

slow, a. Lent (m ): lah; ente (/.): lant. slowly. Lentement: 



sluice, n. Ecluse (n. /.) : eTduz'. 

sly, a. Sournois (TO.): sur*nwd'; sournoise (/): sur"nwaz'. 
small, a. Petit (m.): pa-tl'; petite (/.): pa-t t'. 
smash, v. 1. ^eraser: e / Tcra"ze' (crush) 2. Briser: 

(break). 

smell, v. Sentir: san"tir'. 
smith, n. Forgeron (n. m.) : 



smithy, n. Forge (n. /.): fer'^a. Abbreviated Fge. 
smoke. I. n. Fum6e (n. /.): fu"me' Not to be confused with 

fumier (fu'mr^yg'), manure. II. F. Fumer: fu'mg'. let us 

smoke. Fumons: fti'mOn'. no smoking allowed. II est de- 

fendu de fumer: II 6 de"fan"dii' da fu"me'. something to 

smoke. Quelque chose a fumer: kel'^ka sliSs^a fii'me'. 

smoking tobacco. Tabac a fumer (n. m.) : ta"ba' a fii'me'. 
smoke >bomb, n. Same as GAS-BOMB, see under GAS. 
smoker, n. Fumeur (m.): fu"mur'; fumeuse (/) fu"muz'. 
smoke helmet, n. See under HELMET. 
snallle, n. Filet (m.) : fi"le'. 
snare, n. 1 Pidge (m.): picas'. 2. Guet-apens (m.) : ge"ta"- 

pan' (ambush). 
sneeze. I. n. iSternuement (m.) : e"tar"nu''mdn'. II. v. fiter- 

nuer: 6*tar*nu*e'. 
snipe, v. Canarderr ka^nar^de'. snipehole, sniping* 

hole, n. Creneau de canardeur (m.) : kre'nO' da ka'nor'dur'. 
sniper, n. Canardeur (m.): ka"nai > clur'. 
snow, /i. Neige (n./.): na'^_3 a. snowbound. Arr^t^parla 

neige: ar*v^r6*t6' par la nft'^sa. s.llne. Limite des ntMgcs: 

H'mlt' d5 na'^sa. s.plow. Chasseneige (n. m.): has nfi'^sa. 
snub>nose. Nez camus (n. m.): ne ka"mu'. snubmosed. 

Au nez camus: ne ka'mii'. 
so, conj. 1. Ainsi: an"sl' (</ius). 3. (1) Si: sT. (2) Tellement: 

tel'^la-man'. (3) Tant: tan (in such a degree). so that. De 

facon que: da fa'sen' ka. 
soak, v. Tremper: trah"pe'. I am soaked through. Je 

suis tout trempe: 33 swl tQ trah'pg'. 

soap. I. n. Savon (m.): sa"ven' II. v. Savonner: sq"ven"ne'. 
sober, a. 1. Sorieux (m.): se"rl"^,y0' (serious) ; serieuse (/.): 

s6"rryuz'. 2. pas ivre: paz^I'^vra (not drunk). 
soeks, /i pi. Chaussettes (/.): slios'^set'. 
sod, n. Motte de gazon (/.): met da ga"3en'. 
soda, n. Soude (n./.) : sud (for washing). soda*water. Eaudc 

Seltz: 5 da selz. soda>water and milk. Lalt et siphon: 16 5 

sl'fen'. 
soft, a. 1. Doux (m.) : du; douce (/.) : dus. 2. Tendre (m. & f.) : 

tah'^dra. 3. Mou (m.): mQ; molle (/.) : mol. 
soil. I. n. 1. Terrain (m.) : tar*^,ran' (land) 2. Fumier (m ) : 

fu'ml'^yg' (manure). 3. (1) Terre (/.): tftr. (2) Sol (m.): sol 

(earth). soil easy to work. Terrain facile a remuer: tar*ran' 

fa'sll' a ra-mii*6'. 



sold, v. Vendu: van"dii'. 

soldier, n. Soldat (n. m.): sel'da'. Compare 



INFANTRY. 



l = habit; aisle; au out; ell; itt = feud; 
dllne; Cliin; go; n = tang; sliip; fhin; this. 



spring A SERVICE DICTIONARY 130 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
sole, n. 1. Semelle (/.): sa-mel' (of a shoe). 2. Plante (/.): 

plflh'^ta (of the foot). 3. Sole (n. /.): sOl (of a horse's hoof). 
some, a. 1. Du (m.): du; de la (/.): da la; des (pi): dg. 2. 

Quelque (m.): kel'_ka. some more. Encore (adv.): an"k9r / . 
somebody, n. Quelqu'un (m.): kel"^kan'; quelqu'une (/.): 

kel'^kiih'. 
somehow, adv. D'une facon ou d'une autre: diin fa"sen' u 

diin O'^-tra. 

something, a. Quelque chose: kel'ka slioz. 
sometime, adv. Un de ces jours: ah da se 3ur. 
somewhere, adv. Quelque part: kel'^ka par. 'somewhere 

in France." Un endroit quelconque en France: ah^,ah"drwd' 

kel'kenk' an frans. 
so much. Tant (adv.): tan. 
son, n. Fi!s (n. m.) : fis. 
song, n. Chanson (n. /.): sliah"seh'. 
soon, adv. Bientot: bl"^yah"t6 / . we shall be too soon. 

Nous serons de trop tot: nu sa-reh' da trO to. 
sore, n. Plaie (n. /.) : pla. sore back. Blessure au dos: bles"sur' 

5 dO. sore throat. Mai de gorge: maldagers. to have sore 

eyes, ears. Avoir mal aux yeux, aux orellles: a"vwfir' mal Oz_ 

yu, Oz^o"rg's_ya. See also EARACHE. 
sorrow, n. 1. Douleur (/.): du"lur'. 2. Chagrin (m.): sha"- 

grah'. 

soul, n. Ame (n. /.): dm. 
sound. I. n. 1. Son (m.): sen. 2. Bruit (m.): brwl. II. . 

Sonner: sen*_ng'. bugles. Sonnerledeclalron(/.): sen'^na-rl' 

da kia"ren'. sounds of battle. Bruit de combat: brwl da 

ken"ba'. sound the advance, alarm. See under ADVANCE, 

ALARM. 

soup, n. 1. Consomme (m.) : ken'^em'^me' (clear) . 2. Potau* 

feu (m.): pOt"_0*fu' (ordinary). 3. Potage (m.): pC'tQs' (thick). 

4. Soupe (/.): sup. soups tablet. Potage condense: po'tas' 

ken'dah'se'. 

source, n. Source (n. /.) : surs. 
south, n. Sud (n. m.) : sud. southeast. Sud*est (n. m.) : sud"_ 

gst'. southward, adv. Vers le sud: var la siid. southwest. 

Sud-ouest (n. m.) : sud^west'. 
space, n. Espace (n. m.): es"pas'. 
spade, n. B6che (n. /.) : bash. trail s. Beche de crosse: bash 

da kres. 

Spain, n. Espagne (n. /.): es"pd'>^nya. 
span, n. Portee (n. /.) : per^te'. 
spanner, n. 1. Clef a boulon (/.): kle a bu"leh'. 2. Clei a 

levier (/.) : kle a Ia-vl^y6'. See WRENCH. 
spar, n. Levier en bois: la-vi"^ye' ah bwa (wooden lever). 
spare, v. 1. fipargner: e"par"nye' (lay by, save). 2. ficono- 

miser: 6"keh'o*mrze' (economize). 3. Dispenser de: dl'span'se' da 

(go without). 4. Donner: don'^ng' (to let have). 5. S'abstenir 

de: sab"^8ta-nlr' da (to forbear from). 
spare, a. 1. Maigre (m. &/.): ma'gra (lean of body). 2. Au 

dela du necessaire: da-la' dii ne'ses'^sar' (more than necessary). 

3. De rechange: da ra-shahs' (of animate and mechanical parts). 

s. parts. Pieces de rechange (/.): pl'^yas' da ra-slians'. 

s. wheel. Roue de rechange: rQ da ra-sTiohs'. 
spark, n. Etincelle (n. /.) : e"tah"sel'. spark-plug, sparking' 

plug. 1. Tampon (n. m.) : tan"peh'. 2. Bougie (n. f.) : bQ*3l'. 
sparkling^water. Eau de seltz: 6 da seltz. 
spasmodic, a. Spasmodique (m. & /.): spas"m6"dik'. 
spats, n. pi. Gu6tres (/): ga'^tra. 
speak, v Parler: par"le'. do not speak so fast. Ne parlez 

pas si vlte: na pqr'16' pq si vlt. do you s. English? Parlez* 
i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; itt = fewd; 
diine; cliin; go; ij = ninn; sTiip; thin; this. 



131 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; gO; net; fir; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
vous anglais: pane' vuz^an'gla'. generally speaking. Par- 
lant d'une facon generate: par*lan' diin fa'sSn' 36*n6"ral'. I 
do not speak French. Je ne parle pas francais: 33 na parl pa 
fran'sa'. speak I (Imperative). Parlez! par*le^.s. more slowly. 
Parlez plus lentement: par"lg' plQ lan'_ta-man'. 

Spectacles, n. pi. Lunettes (n. /.) : lu"net'. 

speed, n. Vitesse (n. /.): votes'. at full speed. 1. A franc 
etrier: a frah 6*trl'^y6' (of horses). 2. A grande vltesse: n grand 
vrtes' (of goods, etc., to be forwarded by express train). See EX- 
PRESS. s. 'Indicator. Enreglstreur de Vitesse: an'^ra-sls'trur' 
de vl'tes'. 

sphere, n. Sphere (n. /.) : sfar. 

spica, n. Spica (n. m.): spl"kd' (a spiral bandage). 

spike, n. 1. Pointe (/.): pwant. 2. Clou (m.): klu (a nail). 
3. Chevllle (/.): slia-vl'-^ya (wooden peg). spiked stick. Baton 
ferre (n. m.): ba'teh' far*re'. to spike a gun. Enclouer un 
canon: an'klu'6' an ka'nen'. 

spill, v. Verser: var*se' (as water). 

spin, r. Faire tourner: far tur'ne' (twist around). 

spindle, n. 1. Fuseau (m.) : fu"z6'. 2. Pivot (TO.) : pl'vo' (rod 
on which something turns). 

spire, n. Fleche (n. /.): flash (of a steeple). 

spirit, n. 1. Esprit (TO.): es'prl'. 2. Morale (/.): mo"rdr. 3. 
Ardeur (/.): ar'dur'. 4. Energie (/.): 6*nar*3r. spirited, a. 

I. Fort (m.): fer; forte </.): fert. 3. Anime (m.): animee (/.): 
a'nl'me'. 3. Vigoureux (m.): vl'gu'ru'; vigoureuse (/.): vrgu"- 
ruz'. spirits, n. pi. Cognac (m.): ko'^nyak'. 

spit, v. Cracher: 10-0*8116' spittle. Salive (n. /.): sa"llv'. 
splice. I. n fipissure (/.): e ff pls"s_sur'. II. v. 1. Episser: 

e'pls'^,86' (nautical). 2. Joindre a onglet: swan'^dra a en'gle' 

(carpentry) . 
splint, n. 1. Eclisse (/.): e'klis'. 2. Planchette (/.): plan"- 

shet'. 3. Attelle (/.) : at'^tel'. 
splinter, n. ficlat (n. TO.): e'kla' (of a shell). 
split, r. 1. Fendre: fan'^dra (separate). 2. Diviser: di'vl'^e' 

(divide). 3. Partager: par*ta*36' (share). 4. Crever: kra-ve' 

(burst). 5. Dechlrer: d6*slil*re' (tear). 6. Brlser: brt*z' (break, 

shatter). , 

splutter, r. Crachoter: kra"sh6"t'. 
spoiled, a. Gate (TO), gatee (/.): ga"te'. 
spoke, n. Rayon (n. m.): ra'yen'. 
sponge, n. 1. Eponge (n. /.) : e'pens'. 2. ficouvilJon (n. TO.) : 

6'kQ'vI'^yen'. 
spoon, n. duller or cuillere (n. /.): kwl^yur'. spoonful. 

CuUleree (n. f.) : kwl'^ya-re'. 
sporran, n. Bourse (n. /.): burs. 
spot, n. 1. (1) Endroit (TO.): an'drwd'. (2) Lieu (TO ): ll'^yu' 

(place). 2. Tache(/.): ta^h (stain). dead on the spot. Raide 

mort: rfid mer. killed on the s. Tue raide: tii'e' rad. on 

the s. 1. Sur-le-champ : siir la sliafi (immediately). 2. Sur la 

place: stir la plas. 
spra'n. I. n. 1. Foulure (/.) : fu'lur . 2. Entorse (/.): an"t firs'. 

II. r. 1. Donner une entoree a: den'^ng' iin an'ters'^a. 2. Se 
fouler: sa fu'16'. he has sprained his ankle. II s'est donne 
une entoree a la chevllle: II se den'^ng' iin ah'tera' a la sTia-vI'^ya. 
I have sprained my wrist. Je me suls fou!6 le polgnet: 33 
ma svk-I fQ'16' la pwa'^nyp'. spraining. Luxation (n. /.): 
liik'^sa'sr^yen' (dislocation). 

spread, p. 1. (1) fitondre: r'tan'^dra. (2) D6ploycr: df-"- 
plwa'^yf (as a sail). 2. Propager: pre'pa*36' (as a disease) . 3. 
Se propager: sa pre'pa'36'. 

spring, n 1. Source (/.): stirs (of water). Abbreviated Xcf 2. 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 1O = frud; 

diine; Cllin; go; ij = sing; Sllip; fhin; this. 



steSore A SERVICE DICTIONARY 132 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; 9 = final; 
Ressort (m.): ra-ser' (elasticity). 3. Printemps (TO.): pran"tdn' 
(the season). buffer spring. Ressort plat: ra-ser' plfl. clip^s. 
Ressort a pinces: re-ser' a pans. coiled s. Ressort a boudin: 
ra-ser' a bu"dan'. percussion s. Ressort de percussion: ra-ser' 
da parku"sr_y0h'. springscatch. Same as CLIP SPRING. 

spruce. I. n. Sapin (TO.): sa"pan'. II. v. Se faire beau: sa 
far b6. to spruce up. Se bichonner: sa WsTien'^ne'. 

spur. I. n. 1. Eperon (TO.) : e"^,pa-ren'. 2. Contrefort (TO.) : 
keh'^tra-fer' (buttress). II. v. Eperonner: e*^pa-ren"^ne'. 
jaek8pur. Eperon a la chevaliere: e"^Ra-reh' a la sTia-va"- 
IF^.yar' (fastened with a strap). screw s. Eperon a vis: e"_pa- 
ren' a vis. s.sstrap. Courroie d'eperen: kur*^,rwa' de"^pa- 
ren'. set spurs to one's horse. Piquer des deux: pl"ke' de du. 

spy. I. n. Espion (m.): es"pl"s_,yen' ; espionne (/.): j>s"pl"^, 
y6n'. II. v. Espionner: es'pr^yen'^ne'. spy duty. Etre aux 
aguets: S'tra oz^a'ga' (on the watch). spysglass. 1. Longue- 
vue (/.) : 15n"_g3-vii'. 3. pi. Jumelles (/.) : 3ii"mel'. 

spying, n. Espionnage (n. m.): es"pT"^yeh"^nd3'. spying' 
post. Abri de guetteur: a'brl' da gaf^tur'. 

squad, n. Escouade (n.f.): es"ku"dd'. squad sdrill. ^cole de 
peloton (/.): e"kel' da pa-lo"ten'. 

squadron, n. 1. Escadron (TO.): es"ka"dren' (of cavalry). 2. 
Escadre (/.): es"ka'_dra (of ships). 3. Escadrille (/.): es'ka"- 
drl's_ya (of aeroplanes). 

square, n. 1. Place (/.): plds. 2. Carr6 (TO.): koy^re'. 
form squares! En carre! an kar*^,re'. 

squint, v. Loucher: lu"slie'. squinter, n. Loucheur (TO.): 
IQ'sliur'. 

stabiliser, n. Stabilisateur (TO.) : sta"b!"l!"za"tur' (for main- 
taining balance in aeroplanes and for checking spontaneous dis- 
charge in explosives). 

Stable, n. Ecurie (n.f.): e"ku"ri'. Abbreviated Ecie. stable* 
rack, n. Ratelier (n. m.): ra'-^ta-ll'^ye'. 

stack, v. Mettre en faisceaux: met'^tra an fas"^.so' (of 
arms). stack arms! Formez les faisceaux! fer"me' le fas'^sO'. 
Compare ARMS. 

staff, n. L'6tat*major (n. TO.): le"td' ma"3er'. general staff. 
Etatma]or general: e"ta' ma'ser' 3e"ne ff rar. staff clerk. 
Arcbiviste d'etat*major: ar"slirvlst' de"ta' ma"3er'. s.scollege. 
Ecole de guerre: 6'kol' da gar. s.^ofHcer. See under OFFICER. 

Stage, n. Phase (n. /.): fdz (of a military operation). 

stake, n. 1. Piquet de terre (n. m.): p!"ke' da tar (peg). 2. 
Enjeu (m.): an* 30' (prize). 

stallion, n. fitalon (n m ) : e"ta"len'. 

stamina, n. Force vitale (/.) : fers vl"tdl . 

stamp, v. Affranchir: af"^fran"sTiIr' (as a letter). postage: 
stamp, n. See under POSTAGE. 

stampede, n. Fuite precipitee (n. /.) : fwlt pre"sl"pl"te' 

stand, v. 1. Se tenir debout: sa ta-nir' da-bu' (stand up). 2. 
S'arreter: sor'^ra'te' (stop). 3. Faire halte: far hal'^ta (halt). 
s. at ease! Repos! ra-po'. s.down. Descendez: des'^san'de' 
(order to step down from the firing step). s. to! 1. Aux armes! 
5z_arm. 2. Tenez-y! ta-n6z'_I (hold fast) .to make a firm s. 
Se tenir bon: sa ta-nlr 7 ben. to stand fast. Se tenir ferme: 
sa ta-nir' f&rm. 

standing orders. See under ORDERS 

stanch'on n. 1. Etangon (m.): e"tan"son' (stay, prop). 2. 
Epontille (/.): e'pen'tl'^ya (nautical). 

standard, n. Etendard (TO.): e"tan"ddr'. 

starboard, n. Tribord (TO.): trl"ber'. 

start. I. n. Depart (TO.): de"pdr'. II. v. 1. Partir: par"tlr'. 
%. Se mettre en route: sa met'^,tra an rQt. to s. the engine. 

1 = habit; aisle; UU = out; ell; iu = feud; 

diine; cllin; go; n = sing; sliip; fliin; this. 



133 A SERVICE DICTIONARY ste J5ore 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prCy; hit; police; 

Obey; go; net; er; full; rQle; bat; burn; a = final; 
Mettre en marche: met'^-tra an marh. starting from. Par- 
tant de: par*tah' da. starting > point. Le point de depart: la 
pwan da dg'par'. ((specify). 

State. I. n. fitat (m.): e"ta'. II. v. Specifier: spe'slT^ye' 

statement, n. 1. D6claration (/.): de"kla"ra"'8l / '^,yen / . 2. 
R6clt (m.): rg'sl'. authorized statement. Declaration auto- 
risee: de'kla'ra'sl'^yeh' 5'to'rrze'. 

station, n. 1. Poste (m.) : post. 2. Gare (/.) : gar. 3. Station 
(/.): sta'sl'^yen'. Abbreviated Ston. by (station. Gare de 
route: gar da rut. central regulating s. Gare centrale de 
repartition: gar sah'tral' da re*par"trsr^yen' (for the distribution 
of the sick and icounded). clearing's. Gare d'evacuation: gar 
de*va*ku*a*sr_yeh'. deputy s.<master. Souschef de gare: 
su slief da gar. entraining s. See under ENTRAINING. fire* 
control s. Poste de reglage du tlr: post da re'glas'-^a dii tlr. 
first aid s. Premier poste de secours: pra-mT^ye' post da sa- 
kur'. freight's. Gare de marchandises: gar da mar"sTian'dIz'. 
Is there a s. near? Y a-t-il une gare pres d'ici? I^yd tll_un gar 
prg dl'sl'. junctions. Gare de bifurcation: gar da brfur*ka*- 
sl'^yen'. mustering s. Gare de rassemblement : gar da ras*_ 
san'^bla-man'. observing s. Observatoire (m.): ob"zar"va*- 
twar' (for regulating the firing). See FIRE CONTROL POST, under 
FIRE. railhead s. Gare de tete: gar da tat. regulating s. 
Gare regulatrice: gar r6*gu"la''tris'. replenishing or revlctual- 
Ing s. Gare de ravitaillement : gar da ra"vrta*^ya_mah'. 
shunting or siding s. Gare d'evltement: gar de'vr^ta-mah'. 
sorting s. Gare de triage: gar da trl'az'. starting s. Gare 
de depart: gar da dfi'par'. switching's. Gare de triage: gar da 
trl'fis' (yard or ground where trains are made up) . terminal s. 
Gare d'arrivee: gar dar*^rrv6'. ways. Gare en cours de route: 
gar ah kur da rut. 

station-master. Chef de gare: slief da gar. 

stationery Papeterie (/.) : pa"_pa-trl'. 

Statue. Statue (n. /.) : sta"tu'. 

stay. I. n. Sejour (m.): se"3ur'. II. v 1. Rester: res"te' (con- 
tinue to stay). 2. Arreter: ar"^ra"t' (stop). do we stay In the 
train all night? Restons-nous toute la nult au train? res'ten' 
nQ tQt la nwl 5 trail. do you s. here? Restezvous ici? 
res*t' vus^l'sl'. he Is staying with us. II reste chez nous: 
II rest slig nQ. I stay here to might. Je resteral ici ce soir: 33 
res'ta'ra' I'sl' sa swar. 

steam. Vapeur (n. /.): va"pur'. 

steamboat. Bateau a vapeur (m.): ba"to' a va"pur'. 

steam (engine. Locomotive (n. /.): lo"ko"mo"t v'. 

steamship, s tea m vessel. Batiment a vapeur (m.): bd"tr- 
man' a va'pur'. 

steel. Acier (n. m.): a*sl'v_ye'. steel *clad. Revetu d'acier: 
ra-va'tii' da'sf^ye'. s. helmet. Casque d'acier: kask da*- 
sl'^yg'. s. mills. Acierie (n. /.): as*^y6'ri'. stelyard. 
Romaine (/.): ro'man'. 

Steep, a. 1. Raide (m. &/.): rad (of a mountain). 2. Escarp6 
(m.), escarpee (/.): es*kar*pe' (rugged, of a bluff). 

steeple. Clocher (n. m.): k!o"she'. Abbreviated Cler 

steer, v Dinner: di w rl"3e'. steer ng'gear. Direction (n. /.): 
drreksr_yen' (motor*wheel of aeroplane or car). 

stem, v. 1. Arreter: ar"re"te' 2. Refouler: ra-fu^e'. stem 
the enemy's attack. Arreter 1'attaque de 1'ennemi: ar*^re*te v 
lat'^tak' da len'^na-ml'. 

Step, n. 1. Pas (m.) : pa. 2. Gradin (m.) : gra'dan' (one of a 
series leading to the top of a parapet). 3. Marche (/-): mar'sTia 
(gait). take steps to. Prendre des mesures pour: prcih'^dra de 
ma-zur 7 pQr. 

stern. Arriere (n. m.): ar"r "^.yar' (of a ship). 

Stevedore. D6bardeur (n. m.): dr^bar^dur 7 . 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 1O = feud; 

dtine: cilin; go; n = siw; ^hip; fhin; this. 



subdue 1 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 134 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

steward, n. 1. Mattre d'hotel (TO.) : mantra dc/'tel'. 2. Com- 
mls au vivres (m.): kom"v_ml' 5 vl'^vra (of a ship). 

stick. Baton (n. TO.): bd"ton'. 

sticking out, a. D^tachS (m.), de'tache'e (/.): de"ta"she' (said 
of the ears in identification). 

Stifle Grasset (n. TO.) : gras" N ^se / (a joint in the hind leg of a 
horse) . 

stimulant. Stimulant (n. m.) : stl"mu"ldn'. 

sting. Piqftre (n. /.) : pi"kur'. 

stir, v. Romuer: ra-mu"e'. 

stirrup, Etricr (n. m): e"tn"^ye'. stirrup leather, Etri- 
viere (n. /.) : e"trl"y!^yar'. 

stock, n. 1. Assortment (m.): as"^ser"ti"mdn'. 2. Fut (n. m.): 
fii (of a gun) . 

stockade. Palissade (n. /.): pa"lis"^,sdd'. 

stockings, n. pi. Bas (m. sing. & pi.): bd. 

stocky, a. Trapu (m.): tra"pu' (said of the figure). 

Stockyard, n. Pare a bestiaux (m.) : park a bes"tl",^yo'. The 
English word Is also used. 

stoker. Chauffeur (n. TO.): shof'^fur'. 

stomach, n. 1. Estomac (m.): es"to"md'. 2. Ventre (m.): 
von'tra. 3. Abdomen (m.): ab"do"men'. stomachache. 1. 
Mai a 1'estomac (m.) : mal a les"to*ma'. 2. Colique (n. f.) : ko'lik'. 

stone, n. 1. Pierre (/.): pi"^yar' (as for building). 2. Caillou 
(m.): koi'^yu' (a pebble or small stone). 

stoop, v. 1. Se pencher: sa pan"sTie' (bend). 2. Se baisser: sa 
bas'^se' (lower). 

Stop, v Arreter: ar"^re"te'. 

storage. Emmagasinage (n. m.): aii"ma"ga"zl"nd3' (as in a 
warehouse) . 

store, n. 1. D6pot (m.): de"po'. 2. Magasin (TO.): ma"gq"- 
zan'. 3. Approvisionnements (m.): ap"pro"vrzrv_yen"^mah'. 
4. Materiel (m.) : ma*te"rr^yel'. artillery store. Le materiel 
de 1'artillerie: la ma'te"rl"^,yer da lar"trs_ya-rl'. general 
stores. 1. Military. Magasins (ma*ga"zan') administratifs (qd*- 
mrnls"tra"tlf) d'approvisiomiement (dap*^pro'yrzryoii"mah') 
en (an) vivres (vl'^vra) , munitions (mu"nrs!*^,yen / ), etc. 2. Ma- 
gasins generaux: ma"ga"zan' 3e"ne*ro' (popular use). medical s. 
Des medicaments: de me"dl"ka"man'. spare s. Approvisionne- 
ments de reserve: ap*v^pro"vrzr v yen"man' da re"zarv'. 

storeroom. Hangar (n. TO.): han"gdr'. 

storm. I. n. 1. Tempte (/.): tan"pat'. 2. Orage (TO.): o'^dj'. 
II. P. Donner 1'assaut: don'^ne' las"^,so'. s. the entrench- 
ments. Donner 1'assaut aux retranchements: don's^ne' Ias"^s5' 
6 ra-trari*^,sTia-man'. to take by storm. Prendre d'assaut: 



^ ^,. . 

story, n. 1. Conte (TO.) : kent. See ACCOUNT; FAIRY. 2. Etage 

(m.): e'taz' (floor). 

stout, a. Gros (TO.): gro; grosse (/.): gros. 
stow, v. Arrimer: ar"ri"me' (nautical). stowaway. Voyageur 

a fond de cale: vwa'ya'sur' a fen da kal. to stow away. Em- 

magasiner: ah"ma"ga*zl / 'ne'. 
straggle, v. Trainer: tra"ne'. straggler. Trainard (n. TO.): 

tra'nar'. bring In or pick up the stragglers. Ramasser les 

trainards: ra'mas'^se' 16 tra'ndr'. 
straight, a. 1. Droit (TO.): drwa; droite (/.): drwat. I tell 

you straight. Je vous dis nettement: ga vQ dl net"^ta-man'. 

keep s. on. Allez tout droit: al"^,le' tQ dnva. 
straightforward. Droit devant soi: drwa de-van' swa. 
strain, v. S'efforcer: seffoi^'se'. that horse is strained. 

Ce cheval a un effort: sa slia-val' a an effer'. 
strait*jacket, strait swaistcoat, /t. Camisole do force (/.): 
da fers. 



I = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = ieud; 
diine; cTlin; go; ij = siny; sliip; (hin; this. 



135 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; g6; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; 8 = final; 
straits, n. pi. Detroit (n. m. sing.): de"trwd'. Abbreviated 

Del* (geographical). 

strange, a. Etnage (a./-)'- e'tran'^a. 
stranger, n. 1. fitranger (m.): e"tran"3e'; 6trangdre (/.): 

e'trah'sar'. 2. Inconnu (m.), inconnuc (/.): an'ken'^nii' (un- 

known). he is a stranger to me. II m'est Inconnu: II m6ts_- 

an'ken's_nii'. [horses). 

strangles, n. pi. Gourme (n. f. sing.): gurm (o disease of 
strap. I. n. Courroie (/.) : kur^wa'. II. v. 1. Attachor avcc 

une courroie: at'^ta'She' a*vek'_un kur*^wa'. 2. Bouclcr: bu'- 

kie' (buckle). 3. Repasscr: ra-pas'^se' (of a razor). See STROP. 

straps and belt. Buffleterie (n. /.) : biir^fla-ta-rl'. support- 

ingcstraps. Courroies de support: kur"\va' da siip'^per'. 
stratagem. Stratageme (n. m.): stra"ta"3am'. strategic, a. 

Strategique (m. & /.) : stra'te'slk'. strategy. Strategic (n. /.) : 

stra'te'31'. 

straw. Faille (n. /.) : poi'^ya. 
strawberry. Fraisc (n. /.) : fraz. 
stray, . S'6garer: se"ga"re'. 
stream, n. 1. Courant (TO.): ku"raii' (current). 2. Cours d'eau 

(m.): kur d5 (water course.) 3. Fleuve (m.): fluv (river). down 

stream. See DOWN. up s. See under UP. 
streamer. See POSTILION. 
street. Rue (n. /.): ru. 
strength, n. 1. Force (/.): fere. 2. Effectif (ro.): ePfek'tlf 

(of numbers). at full strength. Au complete Q ken'plg'. 

strengthen, v. Renforcer: ran"fer*8e'. 
stretcher. Brancard (n. TO.): bron"kdr'. stretcher*bearer. 

Brancardier (n. m.): bran*kar*di*^ye'. wheeled s. Brouette 

a porte-brancard: bru'et' a pert'bran'kar'. 
strike, v. 1. Frapper: frap'^pe' (hit). (1) Amener: a^ms-ne' 

(haul down, as a flag) . (2) Baisser: bas'^se' (lower). 2. Sonner: 

sen'^ne' (ring, as a cloct). to strike tents. Lever le camp: 

la-ve' la kan. 
striker, n. 1. Marteau (m.) : mar"to'. 2. Percuteur (de fusil) 

(m.): pfir'ku'tur' (da lii'zl'). within striking distance. A 

bonne portee de: a b6n perte' da. See also under DISTANCE. 
string. Ficelle (n. /.): fl"sel'. [for rails). 

stringer, n. Longeron (n. m.): lon'^sa-ren' (lengthwise timber 
Strip. I. n. Lambeau (TO.): Ian"b6' (as of land). II. v. D6- 

ppulller: de'pQ'ye'. 

stripe, n. 1. Galon (TO.) : galen'. 2. Chevron (TO.) : slia-vren'. 
stroke (of a piston), n. Course (/.): kurs; coup (TO.): ku; 

mouvement (m.): mQ'^va-mau'. 
strong, a. 1. Fort (TO.): fer; forte (/.): fort. 2. Formidable 

(m. & /.): fer*rnl*da'^bla. to muster strong. Se rassembler 

en grand nombre: sa ras'^sah'blg' an gran nen'^,bra. 
stronghold. 1. Place forte (/.) : plos fert. 2. Forteresse (n. /.) : 



Strop, v. Repasser sur le cuir: ra-pos^se' sur la kwlr. 
struggle. I. n. Lutte (/.) : Kit. II. r. Lutter: lut^te'. 
stubble. Chaume (n. TO.): sliom. 
stud, n. 1. Tenon (m.): ta-nen' (bolt of firearms). 2. Bouton 

de chemise (n. TO.): bQ'ton' da slia-mlz'. 
style. I. n. 1. Style (TO.) : stil. 2. Genre (TO.) : san'^ra. II. 

r. Appeler: ap* v ^pa-16 / . 

subaltern, n. Sous-lieutenant (TO.): su'ir^yu^ta-ndn'. 
sub.district. Sous-prefecture (n. TO.): su ff pre"fek"tur'. 
subdue, t. Maltriser: ma"trl' r ze / . a subdued voice. Une 

volx etoufI6e: xin wva 6*taf'^f6'. in a s. tone. 1. En balssant 

la volx: an bas'^san' la vwa (lowering the voice). 2. D'un ton 

soumls: dan ten sd'ml' (subdued tone). 

l = habit; aisle; cm = out; ell; 1Q = feud; 
diine; Chin; go; Q = sing; ship; thin; this. 



su?gSm A SERVICE DICTIONARY 136 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = finaU 
subject. I. a. Sujet a: su'^e' a (with to). II. v. Soumettre a: 

sQ'met'-^-tra a. subject to other orders. Sous reserve d'autres 

ordres: sQ r6"zarv' dO'^tra erd'^ra. to subject oneself to. 

S'exposer a: seks'pO'ze' a. 
sublimate. Sublime (n. TO.): sub"li"me'. 
submarine. Sous*marin (n. m.): su"ma"ran'. 
submission. Soumission (n. /.): su"mis // s _^I"^yen'. 
subordinate. Sous*ordre (n. m.): suz'^r'^dra. 
subsistence, n. 1. Vivres (TO. pi.) : vl'^vra. 2. Alimentation 

(/.) : a"Uman"tasI^.yen'. 

suburb. Faubourg (n. m.): fo"bur'. Abbreviated Fbq. 
subway, n. 1. Passage souterrain: pas'^sdj' 8u"tar"ran'. 2. 

[Paris.] Metro: m6'tr5'. 
succeed, v. Reussir: re"us"_slr'. 
succeeded, pa. Reussi: re"ii"sl'. 
success, n. 1. Succes (m.): suk^se'. 2. Bonne chance (/.): 

bOn'^na sTians (good luck). 
succession, n. 1. Succession (/.): suk"ses*'^sr^yen'. 2. 

Suite (/.) : swlt. 
such, a. 1. Tel (m.), telle (/.): tel. 2. Certain (TO.): sar"tan'; 

certalne (/.): sar"tan'. give me such things as ... Donnez 

mol des choses telles que . . . : den'ne' mwa d6 Sli5z tel ka ... . 

s. a one. Un tel (m.): an tel; une telle (/.): tin tel. s. as 

you. Tel que vous: tel ka vQ. 
sudden, a. Soudain (TO.): su"dan'; soudaine (/.): su"d;m'. 

all of a sudden. Tout d'un coup: tu dan ku. s. death. 

Mort sublte (/.): mer sii'blt'. 
suffer, v. Souffrir: suf'^frTr'. do you suffer? Souffrez- 

vous? sQf* ^fre' vu. Compare PAIN. 
sufficient, a. Suffisant (TO.): suf"f! ff zan'; suffisante (/.): suf"- 

n'zan'^ta. sufficient for. Sufflsant pour: surn'zau' pur. 

that Is s. Cela sufflt: sa-la' suf*^,n'. 
sugar. Sucre (n. TO.): sii'^kra. some sugar, please. Du 

sucre, s'll vous plait: du sii'^kra, sll vu pla. 
suit, v. Convenir: ken'^va-mr'. 
suit. I. n. 1. Collection (/.) : ker v _lek"sl"^yen / . 2. Nombre 

complet (m.): neh'^bra ken'ple' (a complete set). II. p. 1. Adap- 
ter: a'dap'te'. 2. Convenir a: ken'^va-nlr' a (be becoming to). 

that just suits me. 1. Cela me convlent: sa-la' ma ken'v!"^ 

yan'. 2. Cela fait mon affaire: sa-la' m men^af^far' (helps my 

interests). suit of clothes. Hablllement complet: a'bl'^ya- 

mon' ken'ple'. 
suitable. Appropri6: ap">_pro"pri"^ye'. suitable to. 

Adapte a: a"dap*te' a. 
suitcase. Valise (n. /.) : va"uV. 

suite (Of rooms). Apartement (n. TO.): ap w v^par"v_xta-man'. 
sultry, a. 1. D'une chaleur brulante: dun sha'^ur 7 brii^dnt'^a. 

2. Etouffant(m.):e'tuf'uran'; etouffante (/.): e'tQffaiit'^a. 
sum. I. n. Somme(/.): som. II. v. Additioner: ad"^,dl"sl"- 

yen*^,n6'. to sum up the case. Resumer les debats: re'zii*- 

me' 15 de'ba'. 
summer. I. n. Et6 (TO.) : e"te'. II. v. Passer I'6t6: pas"se' 

le'te'. 

summit, n. 1. Sommet (TO.) : sem"me'. 2. Crdte (/.) : krat. 
summon, v. Sommer: sememe'. summon the enemy 

to surrender. Sommer 1'euneml de se rendre: sem'me' Icn*^ 

na-ml' da sa ran'^dra. summons. Sommatlon (n. /.) : sem*^ 

ma'sTx-ven'. 

sump. Puisard. (n. TO.): pwi"zar' (mining). 
sun. Soleil (n. TO.): se'le'^ya. 
Sunday. Dimanche (n. TO.): dI w mansV. 
sunken, a. Enfonc6 (m.), enfoncee (/.): an"fen"se / (deep*set, 

said of the eyes in identification). 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 
diine; cliin; go; n = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



137 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prCy; hit; police; 

obey; g5; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

sunrise, n. Lever du soleil (m.): la-ve' du s6"le'_ya. 

sunset, n. Coucher du soleil (TO.) : ku"she' du s6"le' x _y8. 

sunshine, n. Clart6 du soleil (/.) : klar"t6' du 86"le'^ya. 
broad sunshine. Grand soleil: gran sO'16'^ya. in the 8. Au 
soleil: sQ'le'^ya. 

sunstroke, n. 1. Coup de soleil (m.): ku da sole^ya. 2. 
Insolation (/.): an'so'la'sl'^yoh'. suffering from sunstroke. 
Frappe d'lnsolatlon: frap'^p' dan'so'la'sl'^yen'. 

sup, v. Souper: su"pe'. 

superdreadnought, n. Cuirass6 de premiere classe (TO.): 
k\vl"ras"v_^e' de pra-ml'^yar' kids. 

superintend, v. Surveiller: sur"ve / "x_,ye'. 

superintendent, n. Surintendant (TO.): sur*an"tan''dan / . 
superintendent of police. Commlssalre de police: kem'mls*^ 
sar' da pO'lls'. 

superior, a. Supe'rieur (TO.), sup^rieure (/.): su^pe'ri^yur'. 

superiority, n. Sup6riorit6 (/.) : su"pe"ri"6"ri"te'. 

supersede, v. Remplacer: ran"pla"se'. 

supervise, v. Surveiller: sur"ve\_ye / . supervision. Sur- 
veillance (n. /.) : sur*ve'^yans'. 

supper. Souper (n. TO.): su"pe'. supper time. L'heure de 
souper: lur da su"p'. 

supplement, v. Completer: ken"ple / 'te'. 

supplies, n. 1. Approvisionnements: ap"pr6"vi / 'zi / '^,yen^na- 
mfln'. 2. Provisions (/. pi.) : pro"vrzr^,yen'. 3. Vlvres (m. pi.) : 
v!'^\Ta (victuals). 4. Subsistances (J. pi.): siib'sls* tans'. 5. 
Renforts (m. pi.)', ran'fer'. director of supplies. Dlrecteur 
d'etapes et des services (n. m.): dlTek'tur* de"tap' e de sar*vte'. 
regimental s. Vlvres regimentalres: vl'vra re'sl'man'tar'. 

supply. I. ?i. Approvisionnement (n. TO.) : ap"pro"vi"zl" v ^yeh"- 
na-man'. See SUPPLIES. II. v. Fournir: Iiir*nlr'. artillery supply 
service. Service de 1'artillerie: sarvls' da lar*tr^ya-rt'. daily 
s. Approvisionnement quotldlen: ap*^pr6*vl*zr^yen*^na-man' 
ko'trdl'^yan'. occasional s. Approvisionnement d'occaslon: 
ap*v^pr6*vrzryen' x ^na-mun' dek'^ka'zl'v^yen'. s. column. 
1. Colonne de ravltaillement: ko'lon' da ro'vl'ta'^ya-mon' (re- 
rictualing). 58. Colonne d'approvlsionnement: ko*16n' dap*^pr5*- 
vlzl'^yen'^na-man'. s. department. Service de 1'intendance: 
sar*vls' da lan'tan'dans' (commissariat). s. officers. Offlclers 
de 1'intendance: of'_n*sl'_ye' da lan'tan'dans'. supply *shlp. 
Vaisseau d'approvisionnement (n. m.) : ves'^sO' dap*^.pr5*vrzl*^ 
yen'^na-mah'. 

support. I. n. 1. Action de supporter, ou soutenir: ak'si*,^, 
yen' da sup*^pert', Q sQ'^.ta-nlr'. 3. (1) Soutien (m.): sQ'tr^ 
yan' (maintenance). (2) Support (m.): siip'^per' (prop). 3. 
Appul (m.): a'pwl' (base of support). 4. pi. Les grand' gardes: 16 
grangard (outposts). II. v. 1. Soutenir: stT^ta-nlr' (uphold, sus- 
tain). 2. Appuyer: ap*v^pwl*y6' (back up). 3. Supporter: siip*- 
perte' (tolerate, endure). 4. Entretenlr: ah'^tra-ta-nlr' (provide 
the necessaries of life). support an attack. Appuyer une at- 
taque: ap*^pwl*ye v iin^at'^tak'. supporting point. Point 
d'appui: pvvan dap*^p\vl'. to support the infantry advance. 
Soutenir la marche en avant de 1'infanterie: sQ'^ta^nlr' la marsh 
an a'van' da lan'fan'^ta-rT. 

suppress, v. 1. Reprimer: re"prl*me'. 2. Contenir: ken"ta- 
nlr* (check). [gla. 

surcingle, n. 1. Surfaix (TO.): sur'fe'. 2. Sangle (/.): san'^ 

sure, a. 1. Sur: sur. ?. Assur6 (TO.), assur6e (/.): as'su're'. 

surface, n. Surface (/.) : 8ur"fds'. 

surgeon. 1. Milit. MMc-cin: me"da-san / . 2. Chirurgien 
(n. TO.): 8hrriir*3l*^yah'. assistant surgeon. Medocln aide* 
major: mg*da-san' ad'Hia'ser 7 . field s. Medecln d'ambulanoe: 
mg'da-san' dan' r ba < 'lan.s'. military s. Medecln ml'.ltalrc: m6'- 

i = habit; cdsle; mi = out; oil; Ifl = feud; 

dune; cliin; go; n = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 138 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; bit; police; 

obey; go; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
da-sail' mi"H"tar'. s.scolonel. Medecin principal de premiere 
classe: me"da-san' prah*sl"paT da pra-mr_yar / klas'^sa. s.= 
general. Medecin inspecteur general: m6"da-san' an"spek"tf;r' 
36*n6"rar. s. lieu tenant colonel. Medecin principal de 
deuxieme classe: me"da-san' prari'srpoT da du*zr_yam' klas'_ 
sa. s.major. Medecinmajor de premiere classe: me'da-san' 
ma'ser' da pra-ml"yar' klas'^sa. s. major;general. Medecin 
Inspecteur: me"da-san' an*spek"tOr'. 

surgical, o. Chirurgical (m.), chirurgicale (/.): shi"rur"3i"kal'. 
surgical ambulance motorscar. Ambulance chirurgicale 
automobile: ah*bu"lans' sliI"rur"3rkaT e"to"m6''bn'. 

surname, n. Nom de famille (m.) : nen da fa"mi'^_,ya. 

surprize. I. n. 1. Surprise (/.): siir"priz'. 2. Coup de main: 
kQ da man (unexpected attack). 3. Etonnement (m.): e'ten'^na- 
man' (astonishment). II. v. Surprendre: sur"pran'^dra. to take 
by surprize. Surprendre: sur"pran'^dra. to take one by s. 
Prendre au depourvu: prfln'^dra o de"pur"vu'. 

surrender. I. n. 1. Reddition (/.): red"^dl"sl"^,yen' (mili- 
tary). 2. Renonciation (/.): ra-nen'sra'sr^yen' (of a claim). 
II. v. 1. Se rendre: sa ran'^dra. 2. Se livrer: sa llv"re'. 

surround, v. 1. Cerner: sar"ne' (invest). 2. Entourer: aii"- 
tu"re' (encompass). 3. Encercler: ah"sar"kle' (encircle). 4. En- 
vironner: <m"vrren"^ne'. surrounded, a. Entoure: an'tQ're'. 
surrounding, a. Environnant (m.) : an*vTren*^,nan'; environ, 
nante (/.) : ari'vITen'^nant'. surrounding country. Terrain 
environnant: tar"rah' ah"vrren"^nan'. 

survey. I. n. 1. Vue (/.)' vii. 2. Arpentage (m.): ar*pan"td3' 
(land survey). II. v. 1. Examiner: eg"za*mrnC5'. 2. Arpenter. 
ar'pan'te'. surveyed, pp. Trace (TO.), tracee (/".): tra'se'. 

suspect, v. Soupgonner: sup"sen"^ne'. 

suspicion, n. Soupcon (m.): sup"sen'. 

suspicious, a. Suspect (m.), suspecte (/.): sus"pekt'. 

sutler. 1. Cantinier (m.): kan'^r'nl^ye'. 2. Vivandier (m.): 
vrvan"dr^ye'; vlvandiere (/.): vlvan"dl*yar / . 

S. W., abbr. Shellwound. Blessure d'obus: bles"^sur / do"bu'. 

swallow. I. n. Hirondelle (/.) : i"reh"del' (bird). II. v. Avaler-. 
a'va'le' (foodordrint). 

swamp, n. 1. Lette (/.): let. 2. Marais (m.): ma"ra'. 

swank, swank, v. & n. Swagger; bluster. 

swear, v. Jurer: 3ii"re'. 

sweat. I. n. Sueur (/.) : sii"ur'. II. v. Suer: su"e'. 

sweater, n. 1. Tricot (m.) : trl"ko'. 2. Vareuse (/.) : va"ruz'. 
3. Chandall (m.): shah'da'^ya. 

Sweden, n. La Suede: la swad. 

sweep, v. Balayer: ba"la"-_.ye'. sweep the approaches. 
Balayer les approches: bo'ia'^ye' lez^,ap*^presTi'. 

sweet, a. Doux (m.): du; douce (/.): dus. you're a sweet 
youth! Vous etes un joll garcon! vQs^at an 35*11' gar"sen'. 

sweetbread, n. Ris de veau (m.) : ri da vo. 

swim, v. Nager: na"3e'. to swim across. Traverser a la 
nage: tra'var'se' a la nas. to s. over. Passer a la nage: pas*_ 
se' a la nas. 

swindle, n. Escroquerie (/.): es w kro"^.ka-rl'. swindler, n. 
Chevalier d'industrie (/re.): sTia-va'ir^ye' dah'diis'trl'. 

swingletree. Palonnier (n. TO.): pa"leh"^nye'. 

switch. Aiguille (n. /.): a"gwil' (points of a railwaytrack) . 
to switch off. Couper 1'ailumage: kQ'pg' lal'^lu'mfis'. to s. 
on. Mettre 1'allumage: m6t'^.tra lar^lii'mas'. switchman. 
Aigullleur (n. m.): a'gwl'^yur'. 

Switzerland, n. La Suisse: la swis's_-S8. 

swivel, n. 1. Mousqueton (TO.) : mus"^ka-ten'. 2. Pierrier (TO.) : 
pr_yar"^rt*^ye'. Called also swlvel<gun. 

swooning. Evanouissement (n. TO.): e /> van"u' l l3*v_,sa-man'. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; la = feud; 

dune; Cliin; go; rj = sing; tfhip; thin; this. 



139 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; gft; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

sword (saber), n. 1. fipee (/.): e"pe'. 2. Sabre (TO.): so \Jora. 
draw swords! Sabre main! sa'^bra man. present swords! 
Presentez sabre! pre"zah*t6' sa'^bra. return s.! Remettez sa- 
bre: ra^met'^-tg' sa'^bra. slope s. Portez sabre: per"te' sa'^ 
bra. sword *eu t, .. s.thrust, n. Coup d'epee (/.): kQ dg'pe'. 
s.<knot. Dragonne (n. /.): dra'gen'. 

sworn, pa. Assermente: as*^sa,r*man / 'te'. 

sympathize (with), v. Sympathiser avec: san"pa"tI"ze A a"vek'. 

sympathy. Sympathie (n. /.): san"pa"tl'. 

synagogue. Synagogue (n. /.): si"na"gog'. Abbreviated Syne. 

syncope. Syncope (n. /.): san"kop' (faintness). 

syringe. I. n. Seringue (/.) : sa-ran'. II. v. 1. Seringuer: sa- 
ran'gg'. 2. Injecter: an*3ek'te'. hypodermic syringe. Se- 
ringue hypodermique: sa-raQ' rpo"dar"mlk'. 

system, n. 1. Systeme (m.): sls'tam'. 2. Reseau (TO.) : re"z6' 
(as of railways). 3. Regime (m.): re*3lm'. 



table, n. Table (/.): ta'v_bla.table*Iand. Plateau (n. m.) : 
pla'to'. Abbreviated Plan. table of mobilization stores. Ta- 
bleaux d'approvisionuements de mobilisation: ta'blo' dap'^pro*- 
vrzren'^na-man' da mo*bl*ll''za''sr^yen'. 

tackle. Attirail (n. TO.): at"^ti"roi' (blocks and ropes). 

tactics, n. pi. Tactique (n. f. sing.) : tak"tlk'. 

tag, n. Fiche (/.): fisli. In army hospital service a red tag 
(flche rouge) is attached to a patient whose case is transferable 
and a white tag (flche blanche) to one whose case is not transfer- 
able. transit tag. Flche d'evacuation (/.): fisli de*vaku"a*- 
sl'^yen'. 

tall. Queue (n. /.): ku. tail*skld, n. 1. Crosse de queue 
(/.): kres da ku. 2. Patln de queue (m.): pa'tan' da ku. 

tailor. Tailleur (n. TO.): tai'^yur'. 

take, v. Prendre: prah'^dra. In the imperative prenez! pra- 
ng'. take advantage of. Pronter de: pro'fl'te' da. t. arms. 
Rompez les faisceaux: ron'pe' 16 fes'^so'. t. by surprize. 
Surprendre: sur"pran'^,dra. t. care! Velllez! ve'^ye'. t. 
care of (someone). Soignez-le: swa'^nye' la. t. down. 1. 
Falre descendre: far de'san'^dra (an object). 2. Coucher par 
ecrit: kQ'slig' par g'krl' (in wiling). to t. in coal. Faire du 
charbon: far du sliar*ben'. to t. in water. Faire de 1'eau: far 
da 10. take me to. Conduisezmol a: ken'dwrzg' mwa a. ^-t. 
notes. Prendre des notes: pran'^dra dg not. t. off, v. 1. Oter: 
0"tg'. 2. Enlever: an'^la-ve'. t. over. 1. Prendre en main: 
pran'_dra an man. 2. Se charger de: sa sliar'sg' da. t. part 
In. Prendre part a: prtin'dra part^,a. 

talk, v. Parler: par"le'. See SPEAK. 

talker, n. 1. Causeur (TO.): ko'zur'; causeuse (/.): ko'zuz'. 
2. Vantard (m.): vah'tor' (blow hard). 

talking, n. Conversation (/.): keh ff var*sa"sr^yen / . 

tall, a. Haut (TO.): ho; haute (/.): hot. 

tam*oshantcr. B6ret (n. TO.): be're'. 

tamping. Bourrage (n. TO.): bur"^ro3'. 

tank, n. 1. Reservoir (m.): re / "zer"vwar' (water, or gas*tank). 
Abbreviated Rtoir. 2. Tank (/.): tank (armored vehicle). 
tank>wagon. Wagon reservoir (m.): va'gen' rg*zgr*\ r war / . 

tap. I. 71. Robinet (TO.): ro"bi"ne' (faucet). II. v. 1. Taper: 
ta'pg' (cut in). 2. Frapper: frap'^pe' (hit). 3. Faire la ponction, 
le branchement: far la phk*sl'^,yen', la bran'^slia-man'. to 
tap a wire. (Teleg.) 1. Taperunfll: ta'pg'an m. 2. Intercepter 
une communication: an*tar*sep*tg' iin kem'mii'nrkfi'sl'yen'. 

taproom. Estaminet (n. TO.): es"ta"ml''ne'. 

taps. Same as LIGHTS OUT. See under LIGHT. 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 10 = feud; 

dune; cliin; go; rj = sinp; Sliip; fhin; this. 



theory A SERVICE DICTIONARY 140 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; or; full; rule; bot; burn; a = final; 

target. 1. Objectif (n. m.): ob"3ek"tlf. 2. Cible (n. /.) : si'^ 
bla. bull's eye target. Cible reglementaire: sl'bla re"-^gle- 
man'tar'. disappearing t. Cible a eclipse: s!'_,bla a 6"kllp'sa. 
figure t. Cible silhouette: si'^bla s!"lu"at'. moving or run- 
ning t. Cible mobile: si'_bla mo"bll'. stationary t. Cible 
fixe: si'^bla flks. target practice. Tirer a la cible: tl"re' a la 
sl'^bla. 

tarpaulin. 1. Toile goudronnee (n. f.) : twdl gu"dron"ne'. 2. 
Prelart (n. m.): pre"lar / . 3. Bache (n. /.): ba'sha (of a wagon). 

tart, n. Tarte (/.) : tart'^a. 

task, n. 1. Travail (m.): tra'Vai' (labor). 2. Ouvrage (m.): 
u'vra'^sa (work). 3. Devoir (m.): da-vwar' (duty). 4. Role 
(m.): rol (part). 

taste. I. n. Gout (n. m.}: gu. II. v. Gouter: gu"te'. 

tattoo. I. n. Retraite (/.): ra-trat'. II. v. Tatouer: ta"tu"e'. 

tattooing. Tatouage (n. TO.): ta"tu"a3'. 

taube. Taube (n. m.): te'_,ba (German aeroplane). 

tcha, tslm, n. [Rus.] Tea. 

tea, n. The (n. m.) : te. make tea. Faire le the: far la te. 
teacup. Tasse a the: tas_a te. 

teach, v. 1. Instruire: an"strwlr' (instruct). 2. Enseigner: 
an"se"^nye' (inform). 

team, n. 1. Attelage (m.): at'^ts-lds' (of horses). 2. Camp 
(m.): kah (of games). unhitch the team. Deteler 1'attelage: 



teapot. Th&ere (n. /.): te'^yar'. teatime. L'heure de 
the: lur da te. 

tear. I. n. 1. Dechirure: de"shi"rur' (of clothes, etc.). 2. 
Larme (n. /.): larm (of weeping). II. r. Dechirer: de"^hl*r5'. 
to tear up a railway. Enlever les rails d'un chemin de fer: aii"- 
la-vg 7 le rai dan ^ha-man' da far. [bees: dan pleiVbe'. 

teeth. Dents (n. f. pi.): dan. filled teeth. Dents plom- 

telegram. Depeche (n. f.) : de"pasV. 

telegraph. I. n. Telegraphe (TO.): te"le"graf. Abbreviated 
Telege. II. v. Telegraphier: te"le"gra"n"^ye'. telegraphing 
apparatus. Appareil telegraphique: ap"pa"re'^ya te"le"gra"fik'. 
telegraph ^junction, poste de jonction telegraphique: p6st da 
senk"sl"^yen' te"le"gra"fi"k'. t.=post, n. Poteau telegraphique 
(m.): p5"to' te"le"gra"nk'. t.swire, ra. 1. Fil telegraphique 
(TO.): fil te w le"gra"fik' (specific me). 2. Telegraphe (m.): te'le*- 
graf (in general use) . to lay a t. line. Installer une ligne tele- 
graphique: an"stal"^le' un li'^nya te"le"gra"flk'. 

telegraphist. Telegraphiste (n. TO.): te"le"gra"flst / . 

telegraphy. Telcgraphie (n. /.): te"le"gra"fi'. airline 
telegraphy. Telegraphic aerienne: te"le"gra"fl' a'e'rt'^yen'. 
cable or underground t. Telegraphic souterraine: te'le"gra*n' 
su"tar*ran'. wireless t. Telegraphic sans fil: te"le"gra"n' sari fil. 

telemetrist. Tel6m6triste (n. m.): te"le"me"trlst' (one who 
gages distance for artillery) . 

telephone. Telephone (n. TO.): te"le"fon'. telephone mes- 
sage. Message telephonique: mes'sas' t6*le"fo"'nlk'. 

telescope, n. 1. Telescope (TO.): te'les^kop' (specific). 2. 
Lunette (/.) : lu"net' (any glass used to look through or with) . 

tell, t). Dire: dir. tell me, please . . . Dites<=moi s'il vous 
plait . . . : dlt mwa, sll vu pla. to t. off. 1. Emimerer (c.): 
e'nume"re' (of articles) . 2. Designer (P.): de"zl*^nye' (of men). 
3. Detacher (v.): de'ta'slie' (of troops). 

temper, n. Colere (/.): ko"lar' (anger). had temper. 
Mauvaise humeur (/.): mO'vfiz' ii'mur'. good t. Bonne hu- 
meur: bOn^ii'mur'. 

temperature. Temperature (/.): tan"pe"ra"tur'. tempera- 
ture-chart, n. Feuille de temperature (/.) : fu^-ya da tan"pe"ra' r - 
tur". _ 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; iu = feud; 

dune; cTlin; go; n = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



141 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

temple. Temple (n. TO.): tan'^pla. 

temporary. Temporaire: tctn"po"rar'. 

ten, a. Dix: dis. When used before a consonant, pronounced 
dl; when before a vowel or silent h, dlz; when occurring at the 
end of a clause, dis. ten o'clock. Dix heures: dlz_ur. ten 
thousand. Dixmille: dl mil. tenth, a. Dixieme: drzr_yam'. 

tender. I. a. 1. Tendre: tah'^dra. 2. Delicat: de"ll"ka' (ef- 
feminate). II. n. Soumission (/.): su*mls^sl*v_yen'. 

tendon. Tendon (n. m.): tan"den'. 

tent, n. 1. Tente (/.): tant. 2. Pavilion (TO.): pa"vi"_yen'. 
ambulance<tnt. Tente tourtolse: tant tGr*twaz'. bells 
or circular t. Tente conique: tent ko'nlk'. field >t. Tente de 
marche: tant da mar'^gna. hospital <t. Tente d'ambulance: 
tant dan'bii'lahs'. ridge tent. Tente a traverse: tant a tra"- 
vftrs'. shelter t. Tente-abri (/.): tant-^a'brt'. t. 'ditch or fur- 
row. Rigole (n. /.): rPgol'. t.flooring. Plancher de tente: 
plan* She' da tant. t.speg. Piquet (m.) : pl"ke'. t.spole. Mon- 
tant (m.) : men'tan'. t. *rope. Corde de tente: kerd da tant. to 
pitch one's tent. Dresser sa tente: dres*^,s6' so tant. to 
strike t. Lever les tentes: la-ve' 16 tant. wall t. Tente a 
parois, ou pentes: tant a pa"nva', u pant. 

term. Expression (n. /.): eks"pres"^si"^yen'. 

terminal, n. 1. Fin (/.) : fan. 2. Borne (/.) : bern (in elec- 
tricity). See also BOUNDARY; LANDMARK. 

terrain, n. Terrain (TO.): tar^ran'. 

territorial, o. Territorial (m.): tar"^ri"t6"rr^yal / . 

test, v. 1. Faire l'6preuve de: far le"pruv' da. 2. Eprouver: 
epru*ve'. to put to the test. Mettre a 1'epreuve: met'^tra 
a le'pruv'. 

testicle. Testicule (n. TO.): tes"tl"kul'. 

testimonial. Certificat (n. TO.): sar"ti"fl"kd'. 

testimony. Deposition (n. /.): de"p6"zrsr^yeh / . 

thank, v. 1. Remercier de: ra-mar"sl' / ,_,ye / da (for or of a 
thing). 2. Remercier pour: ra-mar"sr^y6' pur (for or of a person). 
I thank you. Je vous remercie; 33 vu ra-mar*sr. many 
thanks. Mille remerciments: mil ra-mar"sl"man'. thank you. 
Merci: mar*sl'. 

that. I. a. 1. Ce (TO.) : sa; cette (/.) : set. 2. Ce la (TO.) : sa la; 
cet la (m.): set la; cette IS (/.): set la. II. conj. Que: ka; as, I 
have heard that you . . . J'ai appris que vous . . . : z& ap'^pri' 
ka vu. III. pron. 1. Celuila (m.): sa-lwl'la' (that one); celle-la 
(/.): sel'la'. 2. Lequel (m.): la-kel'; laquelle (/.): la'kel'. 3. 
Qul (m. & /.): kl. that Is to say. C'est-a-dire: 8at^a-dlr. 

thatch. Chaume (n. TO.): sliom. 

thaw. I. n. De~gel (TO.): de"3el'. II. v. D6geler: de^a^le'. 

the. Le (TO.): la; la (/.): la; when stressed, la. Both ab- 
breviated I' before vowels. In the plural (m. & f.) les: 16. at 
the. 1. Au (m.) : 0. 2. A la (/.) : a la. from the. Du (m.) : 
dti. Plural des: dC. of the. Dela (/.): da la. Plural des: de. 
to the. 1. Au (m.): 0. 2. A la (A): a la. 

theater. Theatre (n. TO.): te'd'^tra. theater of war. The- 
atre de la guerre: t6*fi'^tra da la gar. 

thee, pron. Toi: two; te: ta. 

their, pron. Leur (sing.), leurs (pi.): lur. 

theirs, pron. A eux (TO. pi.) : a u; a elles (/. pi.) : a el (to them). 

them, pron. 1. Eux (TO. pi.): u; elles (/. pi): el. 2. Les (TO. & 
f. pi.) : 16. to them. Same as THEIRS. themselves, pron. Eux 
memes (m. pi.): u'mam'; ellesmemes (f. pi.): el* mam'. 

then. I. adv. 1. Alors: a"ler'. 2. Ensuite: an'swlt'. II. conj. 
Done: denk. 

thence, adv. 1. De la: da la (from there or that place). 2. Par 
1. : par la (through there or that place). 

theory. The'orie (n. /.): te*6*ri'. 

i = habit; aisle; ail = out; ell; iQ = fewd; 

dttne; Chin; go; n = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 142 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; = final; 
there, adv. La: Id (place). here and there. Par*ci parla: 

par'sl' par'la'. t. is, t. are. 1. Voila: vwa"la'. 2. II y a: Il^I a. 

t. are no. II n'y a pas de: II nl a pa da. t. Is no. II n'y a 

pas de: II nl a pa da. t. he is. Lo voila: |a vwa"ld'. 
thereby. Par ce moyen: par sa mwa'yan'. 
therefore. Done: denk. 
thermal. Thermal: ter"mal'. 

thermometer. Thermometre (n. m.): tar"mo"ma/^tra. 
these, pron. 1. Ces (m. & f. pi.) : se. 2. Ceux*ci (m. pi.) : su"- 

Bl'; celles-cl (/. pi): sel'si'. 

they, pron. Us (m. pi.) : il; elles (/. pi.) : el. Followed by a rela- 
tive: ceux (m. pi.) : su; celles (f. pi.) : sel. they say. On dit: en dl. 

t. have. Ils ont: Ilz^en. t. have not. Us n'ont pas: II 

nen pa. t. were. Ils etaient: Ilz^e'te'. 
thick, a. 1. fipais (m.): e"pa'; Spaisse (/.): e"pas'. 2. Gros 

(m.): gro; grosse (/.): gr6s. in the thick of the fight. Au 

plus fort de la melee: o plii fer da la ma"le'. thickset, a. 

Trapu vw.) , trapue (/.) : tra'pii' (of persons) . 
thicket, n. 1. Buisson (m.): bwi"sen'. 2. Bosquet (m.): 

bes'ke'. 

thigh. Cuisse (n. f.) : kwis. 
thin, a. 1. Maigre (m. &/.): ma'^gra (of the body). 2. Mince 

(m. & f.) : mans (slender, as of the icaist) . 
thing. Chose (n. f.) : slioz. 
think, v. 1. Penser: pan"se'. 2. Croire: krwar (guess, imagine, 

suppose). 

third, a. & n. Troisieme: trwa w zl ff v ^yam'. 
thirst. Soif (n. /.): swaf. to be thirsty or feel thirst. 

Avoir solf: a'vwar' swaf. we are very thirsty. Nous avons 

grand' solf: nQz^a'veh' grand swaf. 
thirteen, a. & n. Treize: traz. thirteenth, a. & n. Treizi- 

eme: tra'zr^yam'. thirtieth, a. & n. Trentleme: tran'tr^ 

yam'. 
thirty, a. & n. Trente: trant. thirty*one. Trente et un: 

trants_e an. t.two. Trente-deux: traht du. 
this, a. (demonst.). Ce (m.): sa; cet (m.): set; cette (/.): set. 
thoroughbred. De pur sang: da piir son. 
thoroughfare. Chemin: slia-man'. no thoroughfare. 1. 

Rue barree (n. /.): rii bar*^,re'. 2. Passage Interdlt au public: 

pas* visas' an*tar*dl' pii'bllk'. main t. Chemin de grande 

communication: slia-man' da grand kom*^,mu"nrka"sl' x _yeh'. 
those, a. & pron. Ces (m. pi.): s6; celles (/. pi.): sel. 
thought, n. 1. Pensee (/.): pan"se'. 2. Idee (/.) : I"de'. 
thousand, a. & n. Mille: mU. thousandth, a. & n. Mil- 

lleme: mll'^yam'. 

thread. I. n. Fil (m.) : fil. II. v. Enfiler: an"fi"le' (pass through). 
threaten, v. Menacer: ma-na^se'. threatened, pa. Mc- 

nace (TO.), menacee (/.): ma-na*s6'. 
three, a. & n. Trois: trwa. a quarter to three. Trois 

heures moins quart: tnvaz^,0r mwan kar (time). 
thresh, v. Battre: bat'^tra (of grain). 
threshold, n. Seuil (m.) : su'^ya. 
thrice, adv. Trois fois: trwa fwa. 
throat. Gorge (n. /.): gers. 
through. I. a. Direct (m.), directe (/.): dl"rek'^ta^ II. adv. 

D'un bout a 1'autre: dan bQ a 16'^tra. III. prep. 1. A travers: 

a tro'var*. 2. Par: par. through train. Train direct: tran 

dl'rekt'. 
throw, v. Lancer: lan"se'. to throw a bomb. Jeter une 

bombe: aa-t6' un benb. See also DROP. t. out. Pousser en 

avant: pus*^se' an^o'van'. 
thrush. 1. Teigne (n. /.): ta'^nyo (a disease of a horse s foot, 

etc.). 8. Mai de fourchette: mal da fQr*shet'. 

l = habit; aisle; au = out', ell; i_u = feud; 
dune; (Thin; go; n = sin0; Sllip; fliin; this. 



143 A SERVICE DICTIONARY JJgJJ 

artistic; flrt; fat; fare; fast; get; pre"y; hit; police; 
Obey; g6; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

thrust, n. Coup de pointe (m.): ku da pwant. to thrust 
back. Repousser: ra-pQs*^s6'. 

thumb, n. Pouce (m.): pus. 

thunder. I. n. Tonnerre (m.) : ten^nar'. II. c. Tonner: ten"n6'. 

Thursday. Jeudi (n. TO.): 3u*dT. 

thus, adv. Ainsi: an"sl'. 

ticket. I. n. 1. Fiche (/.) : flsli. See TAG. 2. Billet (n. TO.): 
bl'^yg'. II. P. 1. Etiqueter: fi'tl'^ka-te'. 2. Numeroter: nii'- 
me'ro'te'. give up your ticket. Rendez votre billet: ran'dg' 
v6'_tra br^ye'. please give me a ticket to ... Donnez-moi 
un billet pour .... s'll vous plait : don*^,ne' mwa an br^ye' pur . . . 
all vQ pia. ticket =clerk. Buraliste (n. m.): bu'ra'llst' (sta- 
tion agent). t. 'collector. Controleur (n. m.): ken'trOl'^lur'. 

tide, n. 1. Mar6e (/.) : ma"re' (sea). 2. Cours (TO.) : kur (events). 

tie. I. n. 1. Traverse (/.): tra'vars' (railway- sleeper). 2. 
Cravate (/.): kra'vdt' (neck scarf). II. v. Attacher: at'^ta'sTie'. 

tile. I. n. Tuile (/.): twll. II. v. Carreler: kar"^.ra-le'. tile* 
kiln. Four a tuiles: fur a twll. 

till, prep. 1. Jusqu'a: 3us"kd / . 2. Jusqu' ce que: 3us"kd' sa 
ka. till tomiorrow. A demaln: a da-man'. 

timber. Bois (n. TO.): bwa. timbering, n. 1. Coffrage 
(m.): kef'^fras' (of trench and mine supports). 2. Boisage (m.): 
bwa'sas' (of woodwork in general). timber $work. Charpente 
(n. /.): sTiar'pant'. t. yard. Chantler de bois de construction: 
sTion'tr^ye' da bwa da ken'striik'sr^yen'. 

time. I. n. 1. Temps (TO.): tan (specified space of time). 2. 
Terme (m.): tarm (period, term). 3. Fols (/.): fwa (multiplied or 
repeated). II. v. Regler: re'glS'. at any time. A tout mo- 
ment: a tu m5*man'. at such times. A de tels moments: a da 
tel mo'man'. double time. See DOUBLE. for some t. Pour 
quelque temps: pur kel'^ka tan. from t. to t. De temps en 
temps: da tanz_an tan. in opportune t. En temps opportun: 
ah tans^,ep*^per*tun'. mark t. See MARK. so timed as. 
Regl6 tenement que: re'gle' tel'man' ka. there Is no time to 
lose. II n'y a pas de temps a perdre: II nl a pa da tans^a par'^ 
dra. the right t. 1. L'heure Juste (/.): lur 3ust'_a. 2. Le 
vral moment: la vra me'man'. t. of departure. Heure de de- 
part: Or da d6"par / . to gain t. Gagner du temps: ga*^.ny6' 
du tan. what time Is it? Quelle heure est-11? kel^ur^et^Il. 

tlme<table, n. 1. Indlcateur des chemlns de fer (m.): an'dl'ka'tur' 
d slia-mah' da far. 2. Horalre (m.) : er'ar'. 3. Liste des heures 
de depart et d'arrlvee (/.) : list d6z_0r da dg'par' e dar'^rt've'. 

timely. I. a. 1. Juste (m. & /.) : 3iist. 2. Convenable (TO. & /.) : 
ken'^,v&-na'_bla. II. adv. 1. A propos: a pro'pO'. 2. En 
temps opportun: an tans^op"^,per*tuh'. 

tin. Bidon (n. TO.): bl"den' (can or tin cup). 

tincture of iodine. Teinture d'iode (/.) : tan"tur' dTod'. 

tire, n. 1. Jante (/.) : 3aht (felly). 2. Bandage (TO.): bah"da3' 
(metal wheel). 3. Pneumatlque (m.): nu'ma'tlk' (motor*air 
wheel). See BURST, DEFLATE, INFLATE, etc. spare t. Pneu de 
rechange (n. m.) : nu da ra-sTifihs'. 

th-ed, pa. FatiguS (TO.), fatigu6e (/.): fa*tl"ge'. 

to, prep. A: a. to the. Au (/.): 6; a la (/.): a la. 

toast, n. Pain grille (m.) : pan gri^ye'. 

tobacco. Tabac (n. TO.): ta'ba'. some tobacco. Du tabac: 
du ta'ba'. tobacconist. Marc-hand de tabac (m.): mar*sliah' 
da ta'ba'. t. .pouch. Blague (/.): blag. 

to*day, adv. Aujourd'hui: o^ur^dwl'. 

toe, n. 1. Orteil (TO.): or"ta's^ya. 2. Doigt du pied (m.) : dwa 
du pl'^yC'. 

together, adv. Ensemble: aiV'san'^blo. 

toilet, n. Toilette (/.): twa ff let'. 

i = habit: aisle; au = out; ell; iu = fewd; 

diino; Chin; go; = iff; sTlip; fllin; this. 



transport A SERVICE DICTIONARY 144 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
told, pa. Dit: dl. I told him. Je lui ai dit: 38 Iwl a di. 

told off. Designe (pa. m.): d6*zr^,nyg'. 
tonnorrow, adv. Demain: de-man'. 
tongue. Langue (TO. /.): lah'^.ga. hold your tongue. 

Taisez-vous: ta"z6' vQ. 

tomight, adv. 1. Ce soir: sa swar. 2. Cette nuit: set nwl. 
tonnage. Tonnage (TO. m.): ton'^noV- 
too, adv. Aussi: 6"sl'. too little. Trop peu: tro pu. too 

much. Trop: tro. 
tool. Outil (TO. TO.): u"ti'. intrenching tool. See under 

INTRENCH. t.sbag. Sacoche a outils (n. /.): sa"kosli' a u"tl'. 

t.shox or chest. Boite (/.), ou coffre (m.), a outils: bwat, u 

kef'^fra a u'tl'. 
tooth. Dent (TO. /.): dan. tooth-brush. Brosse a dents: 

bres_a dan. toothless, a. Sans dents: son dan. 
top, n. 1. Haut (TO.): ho (in general). 2. Cime (/.): sim (of a 

mountain, rock or tree). 3. Dessus (m.): da-sii' (of a table). 
torch, TO. 1. Torche (/.): ter'^slia. 2. Flambeau (TO.): flan"- 

bo'. 
torpedo. Torpille (n. /.): ter"pl'^ya. aerial torpedo. 

Torpille aerienne: ter"pl's_ya a'e'rT^yen'. fire a t. Lancer 

une torpille: laiV'se' tin ter"pl'_ya. t.'boat. Torpilleur (n. m.) : 

ter"pi"^yur'. t.sboat destroyer. Contre*torpilleur (n. m.): 

ken'^tra ter"pl"_yur'. 

torrent. Torrent (n. TO.): ter"^rqn'. Abbreviated Tnt. 
touch, n. 1. Liaison (/.): li"a"zon'. 2. Contact (m.): ken"- 

takt'. be in touch with, fitre en contact avec: a'^tra an 

keh"takt' a"vek'. to lose t. with. Perdre contact avec: 

per'^dra ken"takt' a"vek'. 
tourniquet. Tourniquet (TO. TO.): tur"m"ke / . emergency 

tourniquet. Carrot (n. m.) : gar*^r5'. 
tough, a. 1. Dur (m.), dure (/.) : diir (of meat). 2. Raide (TO. & 

/.): rad (of things). 
tow, v. Remorquer: r8-mer"ke'. tow*line, tow*rope. Re- 

niorque (/.) : ra-merk'. 
towards, prep. Vers: var. 
towel, TO. 1. Essuie*mains (m.): es^swi' man. 2. Serviette 



tower, TO. 1. Tour (/.) : tur. 2. Citadelle (/.): si'ta'del'. con- 
ningstower. Kiosk du commandant: kl"esk' dii kem*^,man"- 
dan'. 

town. Ville (TO. /.) : vll. fortified t. Ville fortifiee: vll fer"tl"- 
fl'^ye'. t. shall, n. Hotel de ville (m.): 5'tel' da vll. un- 
fortified t. Ville ouverte: vll u'vart'. walled t. Ville fermee: 
vll faf'me'. what is the nearest town? Quelle est la ville la 
plus proche? kel e la vll la plu prosli. what t. is this? Quel 
est le nom de cette ville*ci? kel e la nen da set vll si. 

township, TO. 1. Bourg (TO.): bur. 2. Village (m.): vir^lds'. 

towspath. Chemin de halage: slia-man' da ha"ld3'. 

trace. I. TO. 1. Trace (/.): tras (indication). 2. Trait (TO.): tra 
(harness). 3. Vestige (m.): ves'tl'^-sa (remains). II. v. 1. Tracer: 
tra"se'. 2. Calquer: kal"ke' (in drawing). 3. Suivre a la trace: 
swl'^vra a la tras (track). fasten or fix the traces. Attacher 
les traits: at'^ta'shg' 16 tra. 

track, TO. 1. Sender (TO.): san"tr^ye'. 2. Voie (/.): vwa. 
double track. Voie double: vwa dQ'^bla. See under RAILROAD. 
side t. Voie de garage: vwa da ga'ras'. single t. Voie 
simple: vwa san'^pla. See under RAILROAD. t.watchman, n. 
Garde-voles (m.): gar"^da-vwa'. 

tractor, TO. 1. Tracteur (TO.): trak"tur'. 2. H61ice tractive 
aerienne (/.): 6"lls' trak'tlv' a'6'rl'^.yen' (of an aeroplane). 
military motor tractor. Tracteur militaire automobile: trak" 
tor' mrirtar' yto'mo'bn'. _ 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 

diine; Cllin; go; n = sing; Ship; thin; this. 



145 A SERVICE DICTIONARY trans jjj{ 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; gC; net; er; full; rflle; but; burn; a = final; 

traffic, n. 1. Circulation (/.): sir"ku"la"si"^,yen' (coming and 
going), 2. Roulage (m.): ru*la'_-3a (freight traffic). 3. Mouve- 
ment (m.): mu'^va-maii' (life). heavy traffic. Grand mouve- 
ment: gran mu'^va-man'. light t. Mouvement leger: mu*>_ 
va-mah' Ig'se'. 

trail. Crosse d'aff ut (n. /.) : kres daP^fu' (stock of a gun*carriage) . 
trail=hook. Cheville ouvriere (/.): sTia-vI'^ya u*vrl'',_yar / . 

train. I. n. Train (m.): tran. II. v. 1. Exercer: eg"zar"se'. 
2. Dresser: dres*^s6'. ambulance train. Train sanitaire: 
tran sa'nl'tar'. armored t. See under ARMORED. break- 
down :t. See WRECKING-TRAIN, below. express t. See un- 
der EXPRESS. fast t. 1. Train eclair: tran e'klar'. 2. Train 
rapide: tran ra'pld'. field =t. Train de combat: trail da 
keh'M' (company wagons, victuals, canteen and ambulance, etc.). 
freight or goods t. Train de marchandises: trail da mar*- 
tfhan'dlz' hospital t. Train sanitaire: trail sa*n!"tar / . lim- 
ited t. Train a places limitees: tran a plas U"ml"te'. local t. 
Train omnibus: trail om'nl'bus'. passenger t. Train de 
voyageurs: trail da vwa'^ya'sur 7 . passenger and goods t. 
Train mixte: trail mlkst. regimental t. Train regimentaire: 
trail re'sl'man'tar' (baggage, supplies, etc.). slow t. Train 
omnibus: trail om'nTbus'. t.sdispatcher. 1. Chef de depot: 
slief da dg'po'. 2. Chef du mouvement: slief dii muv'man'. 
when will the t. start? Quand ira le train? kah Tra' la tran. 
wrecklngst. Train de secours: tran da sa-kur 7 . 

trained, a. Exerc6: eg^zar^se'. fully trained. Complete- 
ment exerce: ken'pl6*^ta-man' eg*^zar*se'. ill -trained. Mai 
exerce: mal eg*^zar*s5'. 

training. Instruction (n. /.): an"struk"sf\^yen'. trainings 
manual. Manuel d'instruction (m.): ma"nu*el' dan'striik'sr^ 
yen'. 

trajectory. Trajectoire (n. /.) : tra"3ek"twdr'. 

trample, c. Pietiner: prye't^ne'. trampled on. Pietin6 
(pa.): pl'^.ye'trne'. 

tramway. Tramway (n. m.): tram"wa'. Abbreviated Tram. 

transfer. I. n. 1. Transport (TO.): transfer'. 2. Evacuation 
(/.): 6'va'kii'a'sl'^yen'. 3. Transfert (m.) : traiis"far' (in law). 
II. r. 1. Transferer: trans'fe're'. 2. Transporter: trans*por"te'. 3. 
Evacuer: 6*va*kii*6 (of sick and wounded or prisoners). transfer 
of prisoners. Evacuation des prisonniers: e*va"kii*a"s!''^,yeh' 
d6 prison* s_nT^ye'. t. of sick and wounded. Evacuation 
des malades et des blesses: e*va*ku*a"sr^yen' d5 ma'lad' 6 de 
bles'^36'. 

transferable, a. 1. Transportable: transfer" ta\_bla. 2. 
Evacuable: 6'va'ku'a'^bla. not transferable. Personnel: 
par"sen*^nel' (of tickets). 

transit stag. Fiche d' Evacuation (/.): flsTi de"va"ku"a''sry6n'. 

transmission gear. Organe de transmission (TO.) : er"gon' da 
t ra ns* mis* s_sl* ^yen'. 

transmit, v. Transmettre: trans"met'^tra. transmitter. 
Transmetteur (n. m.): trans* met* t Or 7 . transmitting appa- 
ratus. Appareilde transmission: ap*^pa*ra'^ya da traiis'mls*^ 
sl'^yen'. 

transport, n. 1. Transport (TO.): transfer'. 2. Convoi (TO.): 
keii'vwd'. director of railway transport. Directeur de trans- 
port des chemins de fer: dl'rekftOr' da trans*per / de slia-mah' da 
far. first line t. Train de combat: trail da ken'bd'. See FIELD- 
TRAIN, under TRAIN. inland water t. Service de la navigation 
fluviale: sar*vls' da la na'vl'ga'sr^yoii' flu*vr_yaT^a. mate- 
rial transport service. Service du transport de materiel de 
guerre: sar*vls' du trans'per 7 da ma*t5*rl*_yer da gar. person- 
nel transport service. Service de transport de personnel: sfir*- 
vls' da trans'per' da per*sen*^nel'. railway t. service. See 
under RAILWAY. road t. Service des etapes: sar'vls' dgz^e*- 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine; cllin; go; n = Bing; ^hip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 146 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g5; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
tap'. sea<t. Transport de mer: trans'per 7 da mar. t. service. 
Service du transport: sfir*vls' dii trans"pr / . t. wagon. Four- 
gon de transport: fur" gen' da trans* per 7 . 

trap. I. n. Piege (m.): pl"v^a'^38. II. v. Attraper: at"^, 
tra'pg'. 

travel, v. Voyager: vwa'^ya^e'. traveler. Voyageur (n. m.) : 
vwa'^ya'sur'. traveling, a. Voyageur: vwa*^ya"3ur'. 

traverse. I. n. Tranch6e pare-e'clats (/.) : tran"sTie' par e"kla' 
(protective work against bursting shells). See ALL AROUND TRAV- 
ERSK. II. i'. Traverser: tra"v6r*se'. traversing sjack. Levler 
de pointage: la-vl"^,ye' da pwan'tas' (for artillery). 

treachery. Trahison (n. /.): tra'^^'zen'. 

treason. Trahison (n. /.) : tra"s_^i"zen'. 

treasury department. Department de la tresorerie aux ar- 
mees: de"par*^ta-mah' da la tre'ze'^ra-rt' Cz^ar*me'. 

treat, v. Traiter: tra"te'. be treated, fitre traite: a'^tra 
tra'te'. 

treatment. Traitement (n. m.): tra"_ta-man' (of illness). 
treatment of the sick and wounded. Le traitement des ma- 
lades et des blesses: la tra"^ta-man' d6 ma"lud' 6 de bles'^se'. 

treaty. Traits (n. m.): tra"te'. negotiate a treaty. Ne- 
gocier un traite: ne'go'sr^ye' an tra'tS'. 

tree. Arbre (n. m.): dr'^bra. 

trench. Tranchee (n. /.): trait" slie'. approach trench. 
Cheminement (n. m.): sho-mln"man'. branch*!. Boyau de 
tranchee (m.) : bwa'yo' da tran'sliS'. communication^. Boyau 
de communication: bwa'^yo' da kem*^mu*nl''ka''sr^yen'. 
fire t. See under FIRE. first t. 1. Tranchee de depart: trah"- 
ghe' da de"par / (point from which siege operations begin). 2. La 
parallele: la pa*ral*^,lal' (first trench or parallel dug before a place 
to be attacked). to map out a t. Ebaucher une tranchee: e'bo*- 
slie' tin trah* sli'. t.mortar, n. 1. Obusier de tranchee (m.) : 
5"bu"zr^ye' da tran'slie'. 2. Crapouillot (m.): kra'pQT^,yo'. 
3. Lance-bombe (/.): lans'benb'. 4. Mortier de tranchee (m.): 
mer*tr^ye' da trah'slie'. reserve t. Tranchee de reserve: 
tran'slie' da r5"zarv'. shelter*!. Trancheeabri: tran"sTie'- 
a'brt'. supplyt. Voie de ravitaillement: v^va da ra'vrtai*^ 
ya-man'. support t. Tranchee d'appui: tron'sTie' dap'^pwl' 
(of the supports). 

trestle. Cheyalet (n. m.): sha-va"le'. 

trial. 1. Essai (n. m.) : es^sa'. 2. Mise en jugement (/.) : miz_ 
an 3ii*^3a-man'. on t. A 1'essai: a les'^sa'. 

trigger, n. 1. Detente (/.): de"tdnt'. 2. Gachette (/.): ga"- 
sliet'. pull the trigger. Tirer la detente: tIT6' la de"tant'. 

trimmer. Arrimeur (n. m.): ar"^,rl"mur'. 

trip. I. n. 1. Voyage (m.): vwa"s_ya'x_3a. 2. Visite (/.): vl*- 
zlt'. 3. Randonnee (/.): ran"don"ne' (round trip). II. n. 1. Trc- 
bucher: tre'bu'slie'. 2. Faire trebucher: far tre'bu'slie' (cause 
to trip). 

triplane. Triplane (n. m.): trl"plcin'. 

triple entente. See ENTENTE. 

tripod. Tr6pied (n. m.): trg"pl"_ye'. aiming^tripod. 
Chevalet de pointage (n. m.): sTia-va"le' da pwan'tas'. 

triumph. Triomphe (n. m.) : tri"enf'. triumph over. Tri- 
ompher de: trron"fe' da. 

troop. 1. Troupe (n. /.) : trup. 2. Dtachement (n. m.) : de"- 
tafih'mdn'. to repatriate or send troops home. Kaput rier 
des troupes: ra*pa"trr^,ye' de trQp. troopship, n. 1. Transport 
(n.): trans'por'. 2. Bailment de transport (m.): ba'tr'mah' da 
trona'per'. troop of horse. Dctaohement de cavalerie: de*- 
tasli'man' da ka'va'^la-rl'. troop-train. Train de troupe.;: 
traft da trQp. where nre the troops? Ou sont les troupes? 

f = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 1Q = feud; 

diine; cTlin; go; i) = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



147 A SERVICE DICTIONARY t *JJJ 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pr6y; hit; police; 
Obey; g5; net; 6r; full; rttle; but; burn; a = final; 

Q sen 16 trQp. where have the troops gone? Ou sont allees 

les troupes? Q sent^al'ie' 16 trup. 
trooper, n. 1. Cavalier (TO.): ka"va*ll"^ye' (mounted). 2. 

Troupler (m.): trQ'pr^ye' (soldier in general). 
trophy. Trophee (n. TO.): tro"fe'. 
tropical, a. Tropical (TO.), tropicale (/.): tro'pfkal'. 
trot. I. n. Trot (TO.): tro. II. v. 1. Trotter: tref^tg'. 2. 

Aller au trot: al*x_16' 5 tr5. at full t. Au grand trot: gran tr5. 

at gentle or slow trot. Au petit trot: 5 pa-tl' tr5. 
trotting. Au trot: 6 tro. 
trouble. I. n. Trouble (TO.): tru'^bla. II. v. Troubler: 

trQ'blg'. 

trough. Auge (n. /.): o'^a. 
trousers. Pantalon (n. TO.): pan'talon'. 
truce, n. 1. TrSve (/.): trav'^a (long). 2. Armistice (TO.): 

ar*mls*tls' (short). 
truck, n. 1. True (TO.): triik (railway). 2. Camion (m.): ca"- 

mr^yen' (street). open truck. Tombereau (m.): ten'ba-ro' 

(railway). 
true, a. Vrai (TO.), vraie (/.): vra. is that true? Est*ce 

vrai? es'^sa vra. 
trumpet. Trompette (n. /.): tren"pet'. Compare BUGLE. 

trumpeter. Trompette (n. m.) : treh'pet'. 
trunk, n. 1. Malle (/.) : mal'^la (clothes). 2. Tronc (TO.) : treh 

(tree). 3. Trompe (/".): tren'-^pa (elephant). 
trunnion. Tourillon (n. TO.): tu"ri"^yen'. trunnion = 

cradle. Berceau a tourlllons (m.) : bar"so' a tu'rT^yen'. 
truss. 1. Bandage (n. TO.): ban"dd3' (surgical). 2. Botte (/.) : 

bet (of straw). 
trust, v. 1. Mettre sa confiance en: met'^tra sa ken"fl"._, 

yans' an. 2. Se fler a: sa fl*^y6' a. 
trustworthy, a. 1. Digne de confiance: dl'^nya da ken w fl"^. 

yans'. 2. Exact (m.) : eg'zakt'. 
trusty, a. 1. Fidele (TO. & /.) : fl'del'. 2. Loyal (m.) , loyale (/.) : 

bva'^yal'. 
try, v. 1. Essayer: es^sa^ye'. 2. Tacher: ta"slie'. to try 

to come out. Chercher a sortlr: ^har*5!he' a ser'tlr'. 
tub, n. 1. Cuve (/.): kuv. 2. Baril (m.): ba"ri'. 
tube, n. 1. Tube (TO.) : tub (general) . 2. Ame (/.) : am (cannon) . 

3. Metro (m.): me'tro' (railway) . See SUBWAY. inner tube. 

Chambre a air (n. f.) : sTian'^bra a 3r. priming tube. Tube 

de mise de feu: tub da mlz da fu (of a shrapnel-shell). 
Tuesday. Mardi (n. TO.) : marW. 
tug, v. Remorquer: ra-mer"ke' (tow). 
tug^boat. Remorqueur (n. TO.): ra-meVkur'. 
tumble, v. Tomber: ton"be'. 
tumbler, n. 1. Gachette (/.): ga"shet' (of a firearm). 2. 

Grand verre (m.): gran var (drinking^glass) . 
tune, n. Air (m.): ar. 

tuned up. Rest6 conforme: res"te' ken'ferm'. 
tunic. Tunique (n. /.): tu"nik'. 
tunnel. I. n. Tunnel (n. TO.): tun^ne!'. Abbreviated Tel. 

II. P. Faire un souterrain: far an sQ'tnr*ran'. 
Turk, n. Turc (TO.), Turque (/.): turk. 
Turco (n. TO.): tiir'ko' (French African troops) 
Turkey, n. La Turquie (/.) : la tiir*kl / . 

turkey, n. Dindon (TO.): dan"den'; dinde (/.): dand (poultry). 
turn, v. Tourner: tur"ne'. by turns. A tour de role: a tur 

da r61. downhill turn. Virage avec descente (m) : \\"raz' a'vek' 

des'^sant'. in one's t. A son tour: a son tur. in turns. 

Tour a tour: tur a tur. turn about! Same as FACE ABOUT, see 

under FACE. t. out! Aux armos! gz^qrm'^a (military com- 
i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = fewd; 
diine; cilin; go; n = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



un r se!n UP A SERVICE DICTIONARY 148 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g6; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
mand). t. to. 1. S'appliqucr: sap"^pH"ke'. 2. Se mettre a: sa 
met'v^tra a. turn to the left. Tournez a gauche: tur*n6z'^,a 
gosH. t. turtle. 1. Culbuter (p.): kul'bu"te'. 2. Faire la cul- 
bute: far la kiirbiit' (cause to turn turtle). uphill t. VIrage avec 
montee: vTras' a"vek' men"te'. [(said of the nose). 

turned up. Retrousse (a. m.), retrouss6e (/.): ra-trus\_se' 

turning, n. 1. Tournant (m.): tui^'nan'. 2. Virage (m.): 
visas'. 3. Coude (m.): kud (elbowWce). t. to the left, or 
right. 1. Virage a gauche, qu droite: vrras' a gCsli, u drwut. 2. 
Tournant a droite: tur"nant'^a drwat. sharp t. 1. Coude 
brusque: kdd briisk. 2. Virage hardi: \l"raz' har*dl'. 

turnip. Navet (n. m.): na"ve'. 

turntable. Plaque tournante (n. /.): pldk tur^nant'. 

turpinite. Turpinite (n. /.): tur"pl"nit' (high explosive). 

turret. Tourelle (n. /.) : tu"rel'^le. 

turtle. Tortue (n. /.) : ter"tu'. Compare TURN TURTLE, under 
TURN. 

twelfth, a. & n. Douzieme: du"zl"^yam'. twelve, a. & n. 
Dou/e: duz. twelve o'clock. Midi: mTdl'. ten minutes 
to t. Midi moins dix: ml"dl' rnwan dis. 

twentieth, a. & n. Vingtieme: van"tl"^,yam'. 

twenty, a. & n. Vingt: van. twentyone. Vingt et un: 
vant'^-e'^an'. t.sfirst. I. a. Vingtetunieme: vant*^,e*>_,un''^, 
yam'. II. n. Vingt etun: vant*^.e*^an' (of the month, etc.). t.* 
second. I. a. Vingtdeuxieme: van" ^,du"^z!"^,yam', etc. II. n. 
Vingtdeux: van"du'. t. to six. Six heures moins vingt: slz_ 
ur mwan van. t.stwo. Vingtdeux: van"du', etc. See CARDI- 
NAL NUMBERS, under NUMBER. 

twice, adv. Deux fois: du fwa. 

twilight. Crepuscule (n. m.): kre"pus"kiir. 

twist. I. n. Entorse (/.): outers' (sprain). II. v. Tordre: 
ter'^dra. 

two. Deux: du. it is two o'clock. II est deux heures: Il^e 
dOz^ur. two hundred. Deux cents: du san. See CARDINAL 
NUMBERS, under NUMBER. 

twofold, a. Double: du'^bla. 

typewriter, n. [Soldiers' slang.] A machine*gun. 

typhoid, a. Typhoide (m. & /.) : tr"fo"I'_xl9. 

typhoid fever. Fievre typhoide (n. /.) : fi"a\_vra tl"f6 w i'^da. 

typhus. Typhus (n. m.): tr"fii'. 

TJ 

Uhlan. Uhlan (n. m.): ii"lan'. 

umbrella. Parapluie (n. m.): pa"ra"plwi'. 

umpire. Arbitre (n. m.): ar"bi'^tra. 

unable, a. Incapable: an"ka"pa'^bl3. 

unauthorized, a. Non autonse: nen e"to"ri"ze'. 

unavoidable, a. Inevitable (m. & /.): in"e"vl"ta'_bl9. 

unbiased, a. Impartial (m.), impartiale (/.): ah"par"si"al'. 

unbridle, v. Debrider: de"bn"dc'. 

uncaught, a. Non pris: nen pri. 

uncertain, a. Incertain: an"sar"tah'. uncertainty. In- 
certitude (n. /.) : an'ser'tl'tud'. 

unconscious, a. Sans connaissance: san ken / "^nas".^sans' 
(Insensible). to be unconscious. Avoir perdu connaissance: 
a'vwor' par"dii' ken'^nas'^sans'. 

uncork, v. D6boucher: de'^u^slie'. 

under. I. adv. En dessous: an da-su'. II. prefix. 1. Sous: su. 
2. Aide: ad. III. prep. 1. Sous: sQ. 2. En: an (In a state of). u. 
repair. En etat de reparation: an eta' da 

underbrush. Sous'boia (n. m.}: su^bwa 7 . 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 

diine; Cliin; go; n = sin0; Sliip; thin; this. 



149 -KRVICE DICTIONARY 

art 1st ir-; art; ft; fire; fast; get; prCy; hit; police; 
obey; gfl; net; Or; full; rOle; but; burn; a = final; 
underdone, a. Saignant (m.): se'^nydn'; saignante (/.): 

sC'^nyant' (of rare meat) . 
undershirt, undervest. Gilet: 3l"le'. Applied also to a vest 

or waistcoat. 
understand, r. Comprendre: korVpran'^dra. do you U.? 

Comprenez*vous? ken"pre*n6' via. I do not u. you. Je ne 

vous comprends pas: 33 na vQ ken'prfin' pa. I u. Je comprends: 

38 ken'pran'. you u. me. Vous me comprenez: vQ ma ken*- 

pre'ne'. 

undertake, v. Entreprendre: arV^tra-pran'^dra. 
undervest. Gilet: 3i"le'. See also r NDERSHIRT, VEST, WAISTCOAT. 
undesirable. Non desirable: nen de*2l"rd / ^bla. 
undress. I. n. Petite tenue (/.) : pa-tit' ta-nu'. II. v. Des- 

habiller: de'za'bl'^yg'. See Appendix. to undress a wound. 

Lover 1'apparell de: Ia-v6' lap*x_pa*re'^ya da. 
undulating, a. Accident^: ak"-^sl"dan"te' (of ground). 
unequal, a. 1. Ingale: m"^,e"gdr. 2. Inferieur (TO.), in- 

ferieure (/.): an'fe'rryur'. 
unexpected, o. 1. ImpreVu (m.), impr^vue (/.) : an"pre"vu'. 2. 

Inattendu (m.), Inattendue (/".): In'at'^tah'dii'. unexpectedly, 

a. 1. Soudainement: stl'dan'v^mfin'. 
unfaithful, a. Infidele (m. &/.): an^fTdal'. 
unfavorable, a. D6favorable (TO. & /.) : de ff fa"vo"rd'v^bla. 
unfix bayonets! Remettez les baionnettes! ra-mefte' le ba"_ 

yflfi'^net'. 

unfordable, o. Ingu^able: an"ge"d'^_,bla. 
unfortified, a. Non fortifie: nen fer"tl"fl"^ve'. 
unfurl, v. 1. Deferler: de"far*le'. 2. Deployer: de^plwa^ye' 

(deploy). [son gard. 

unguarded, a. 1. Non gard6: nen gar"de'. 2. Sans garde: 
unhappy, a. Malheureux (TO.): mq"lu"ru'; malheureuse (/.): 

ma'lu'ruz'. 
uniform. I. a. Uniforme (TO. & /.) : u"nl*ferm'. II. n. Uni- 

forme (m.): u'nl'ferm'. In dress uniform. See IN FULL DRESS, 

under DRESS. 

uninjured, a. Sans blessure: san blcs'^siir'. 
Union of South Africa. L' Union Sud-Africaine (n. /.) : lii'm*^, 

yen' sud af'rl'kan'. 

Unlonjack. Pavilion anglais: po'vl'^yen' an'gie'. 
unharness, unhook, v. D6teler: de"^,ta-le'. 
United States (the). Les tats*Unis: lez^e"taz'^.u / "nl / . 
unit. Unite (n. /.): Q^nl'te'. 
unload, v. Ddcharger: de*shar*3e'. 
unlucky, a. Malheureux (TO.) : ma*lu"ru / ; malheureuse (/.): 

ma*lu"ruz'. 

unmarried, a. Non mari^: nen mo*rr^ye'. 
unmask, r. Demasquer: de'nWkg'. 
unoccupied, a. 1. Pas occup6: pasv_,ek*v^ku"pe' (of persons). 

2. Inhabitee (/.): In'a'bl'tC' (of houses). 
unpack, v. 1. Depaqueter: de'pa'^ka-te' (of packages). 2. 

Deballer: de'bal'^lg' (of goods). 

uiipile arms! Rompez les faisceaux! ren"pe' le fas'so'. 
unprepared, a. Non prepare: non pre*pa / 're / . 
unprotected, a. Sans protection: son pro"t->k''sr_yen / . 
unprovided, o. Dpourvu de: de"pur / 'vu / da. unprovided 

with. Pas muni de: pa mii'nr da. 

unrecognizable, a. Mfoonnaissable: me"ken"^nas\_^aT>la. 
unreliable, a. Sur qui on ne peut pas compter: sur kl en na 

pu pa ken'te 7 . 

unrelievable, a. Qu'on ne peut secourir: ken na pu sa-ku'rir'. 
unscrew, v. D6visser: de"vls'"se'. 
unseen, a. Inapcrgu: In 



_ 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 
diine; cliin; go; n = sin^; sliip; thin; this. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 150 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 
Obey; go; net; or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 
unserviceable, a. 1. Inutile: I"nu"til'. 2. Hors de service: 

her da s5r"vis'. 

unstrung, a. D6tendu: de"tah"d(i'. 
unsupported, a. Non soutenu: nen su'^ta-nii'. 
untenable. Pas tenable: pa ta-nd'^bla. 
until. 1. Jusque: siis'^ka. Spelt jusqu' before a vowel. 2. 

Jusqu'a ce que: siis'ka sa ka. 3. Qu'apres: ka'pre' (until after). 

4. Ne que: na ka; as, "I shall not go out until the afternoon": 

je (33) ne (na) sortiral (ser"tl"ra') que (ka) 1'apres-midi (la'pre' 

mfdi'). 5. Jusqu'au moment ou : sus'k5 mo'man' u. 
untrustworthy, a. Inexact (m.), inexacte (/.)'. m"eg"zdk'^ta 

(of news, reports). 

unwoundcd, a. Nonblesse 1 : nen bles"se'. 
up, adv. 1. Lev6: la-ve' (out of bed). 2. Debout: da-bu' 

(standing). 3. Sur pied: sur pr^ye' (afoot). 4. En haut: an ho 

(above). up-hill. En montant: an men"tah' (of motion). up* 

stream. En amont: an^a"men' (against the stream). 
upon, prep. Sur: sur. 
upset, v. 1. Renverser: ran"var"se'. 2. Verser: var"se' (of 

vehicles). 3. Chavirer: slia''vFrg' (of boats). 
upside ?down, adv. Sens dessus dessous: sans da-sii' da-su'. 

to be turned upside sdown. Etre bouleverser: a'tra burvar*se'. 
upward. 1. Vers le haut: verla ho. 2. Au*dela: o^da-ld' (over, 

more than). 
urgent, a. 1. Urgent (m.): ur^an'; urgente (/.): ur^ant'. 2. 

Pressant (m.): pres*^son'; pressante (/.): pres'^sdnt'. 3. 

Presse (m.), pressee (/.): pres'^se' (of letters). 
US. Nous: nu. 
use. I. n. 1. Usage (m.): ii^zos'. 2. Emploi (m.): an"plwa'. 

II. v. Se servlr de: sa sar'vir' da. of great use. Tres utile: 

traz^ii'tfl'. useful, a. Utile (m. & f.) : ii'tll' user, n. Quel- 

qu'un qul se sert de: kel'kan' kl sa sSr da. 
usual, a. 1. Commun (m.): kem"man'; commune (/.): kem"- 

miin'. 3. Habituel (m,.), habituelle (/.): a"brtu"er. usually. 

1. D'habitude: da'Wtnd'. 2. Ordinairement : er"dl"nar^a-mdn'. 
utilize, v. Utiliser: u"ti"li"ze'. 
utmost, a. 1. Extreme (m. &/.): eks"tram'. 2. Dernier (TO.): 

der"nl"^ye'; derniere (/.): der'ni'^yar* (last). 
uvula. Luette (n. /.) : lu'^et'. 



vague, o. Vague (TO. &/.): vag. vaguely, adv. Vaguement: 
vag'man'. 

vale. VallSe (/.) : va^le'. 

valise, n. 1. Valise (/.): va"lis'. 2. Portemanteau (TO.): pert"- 
man"to'. 3. Sac de couchage: safe da ku'slia'^sa (military sleep- 
ing*bag) . 

valley. Vallee (. /.): vol"_le'. Abbreviated Vee. 

valor, n. 1. Merite (TO.) : me"rlt'. 2. Vaillance (/.) : vai"_yans'. 
3. Bravoure (/.): bra'vur'. for valor. Pour le merite: pur la 
me'rit'. 

value. Valeur (n. /.): va"lur'. valuable, a. De valeur: da 
vo'lur*. 

valve, n. 1. Soupape (/.): su"pap'. 2. Valve (/.): vdl'^va. 
valve^gear. Apparell de soupape (m.): qp'pa're'^ya da su'pap'. 

van, n. 1. Fourgon (m.): fur"gen' (military). 2. Wagon (TO.): 
va'gen' (railway). 3. Same as VANGUARD. brake=van. Four- 
gon a frein: fQr*gen' a frari. guard's van. Wagon du chef 
de train: va'gen' du slief da tran. luggage van. See under 
LUGGAGE and BAGGAGE. nialbvan. Wagonposte: va'geh' 
post. 

vanguard. Avant*garde (n. /.): q // van // gdrd / . 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 

diine; <Qiin; go; rj = aing', ^hip; thin; this. 



151 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

vanquish, v. Vaincre: vah'^kra. 

varicose veins. Varice (n. /.): va"ris'. 

veal. Veau (n. w.): vo. 

vegetable. Legume (n. TO.): le"gum': commonly used in the 
plural legumes but pronounced the same way. 

vehicle. Voiture (n. f.) : vwa"tur'. 

ventilate, v. Aerer: a"e"re'. ventilating shaft. Gaine 
d'aerage: gan da"6*ra',_3a. ventilation, n. Aerage(r.): a"e"- 
ras'. ventilator, n. Ventilateur (m.): yah'tl'la'tur'. 

verdict. Jugement (n. TO.): su'^ja-mdn'. 

Verdun, var"dari', not ver"dfm'. Fortified French city. 

version. Version (n. f.): var"si"^yen'. 

very, adv. 1. Tres: tra. 2. Fort: far. in the very act. En 
flagrant delit: an fla'gran' de"H'. v. much. Beaucoup (a): 
b6"kG'. 

"Very" light, verVlait', n. A star shell used in lighting "No 
Man's Land" and enemy territory at night. Named for its in- 
ventor. 

vessel, n. 1. Vaisseau (TO.): vas"^.so' (receptacle; also, a ship). 
2. Navlre (TO.): na'vir' (ship). 

vest. I. n. 1. Gilet (m.) : 3l"le'. 2. Veste (/.) : vest. 3. Tricot 
(TO.): trt'ko'. II. v. Investir de: an'ves'tlr'. 

veterinarian (n.), veterinary (a. & n.), or veterinary sur- 
geon. Veterinaire (n. TO.): ve'te'ri'nar'. veterinary depart- 
ment service. Service veterinaire: sar"vls' ve'te'ri'nar'. 
veterinary captain. Veterinaire en premier: ve'te'n'nar' an 
pra-ml'^ye'. v. equipment. Materiel veterinaire: ma"te"rrel' 
ve'te'ri'nar'. v. lieutenant. Veterinaire en seconde: ve'te'- 
rt'nar' an sa-gend'. v. lieutenantscolonel. Veterinaire de 
premiere classe: ve"te"rrnar / da pra-ml'^yar 7 klas. v. major. 
Veterinaire principal de seconde classe: ve'te'rt'nar' pran'srpdr 
da sa-gend' klos. v. second lieutenant. Aideveterinaire: 
ad ve'te'rt-nar'. 

via, adv. Par voie de: par vwa da (by way of). 

viaduct. Viaduc (n. m.): vlVdiik'. Abbrev. Vduc. 

viaticum, n. Provisions de route (/. pi.) : pro"vl"zi"yen' da rut. 

vice. I. adv. Vice: vis; as, vice admiral (vice*amiral) , vice 
consul (cice*con^ul). II. n. Defaut (TO.): de'fo' (immorality). 

vice*versa. Vice-versa: vT'se' var^sd'. 

vicious, a. \"icieux (m.): vi"sl"^yu'; vicieuse (/.): vi"sl"yuz'. 

victory. Victoire (n. /.) : vik"twdr'. 

victual, v. 1. Avitailler: a"vi"toi" v _,ye'. 2. Appro visionner: ap"- 



. 

victualing, n. Avitaillement (TO.): o'vl'tai^ya-mdn'. 

victuals, n. 1. Vivres (m. pi): vl'^.vra (food supplies). 2. 
Provisions (/. pi.): pro'vl'zr^yeh'. 3. Manger (TO.): mah'se' 
(table food). 

View. Vue (n. /.): \-u.-fleld of view. Champ (71. m.): sTian 
(through a fteld*glass. etc.). in v. En vue: an vii. object in v. 
Le but: la bii. point of v. Point de vue: pwan da vii. with 
a v. to making use of. En vue d'utilisor: on vii dii'trirze'. 

vigilance, n. 1. Surveillance attentive (/.) : sur"ve / 'yans / al"^, 
tan'tlV. 2. Vigilance (n. /.): vl'sridhs'. vigilant, a. I. Vigi- 
lant (TO.): vl'sriah'; vigilante (/.): vl'sl'lon'^ta. 2. Evellle 
(TO.), eveillee (/.): 6've'^yg'. 

vigor. Energie (n. /.) : e"nar"3i'. 

village, n. 1. Village (TO.): vll"^,la3'. Abbreviated Vage. 2. 
Hameau (TO.): ha*m6' (hamlet). Abbreviated Hau. 

villain. Gredin (n. TO.): gra-dah'. 

vine. Vigne (n. /.): vl'^nya. 

vinegar. Vinaigre (n. TO.): ^"na'^gra. 

vineyard. 1. Vigne (n. f.) : vi'^nya. 2. Vignoble (n. TO.) : vi"^ 
ny6'^bla. _^ 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = feud; 
dune; dhin; go; rj = si ng; sliip; thin; this. 



water* A SERVICE DICTIONARY 152 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; g6; not; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

violate, v. Violer: vi"6"le'. violence. Violence (n. f.): vi"o"- 
lans'. to use violence. Employer la force: an"plwa*_.yg' la fers. 

violent, a. Violent (TO.): vl"o"ldn'; violente (/.): vl"o"ldnt'. 

virgin. Vierge (n. /.): vi"r3'. Abbreviated Vge. 

virtue. Vertu (n. /.): var"tii / . by virtue of. En vertu de: 
an vfir'tu' da. 

vise, n. fitau (TO.): e"to' (tool). 

visit. Visite (n. f.) : vi"zit'. 

vlve, vlv, tnterj. Long live! 

vivid, a. Vif: vif. 

voice. Voix (n. /.): vwa. 

voila, vwa"ld', prep. [Fr.] 1. See there. 2. Behold. 

volley, n. 1. Decharge (/.): de"sMr'^3a (of rifles). 2. Volee 
(/.) : vo"le' (of artillery). 3. Salve (/.) : sal'^va (in salute). volley 
firing. 1. Feu de peloton: fu da pa-lo"ten' (by platoon). 2. 
Feu de bataillon: fu da ba'tai'^yen' (by battalion). 

volplane, v. Vol*planer: vQ\"pla"ne'. to land by vol- 
planing. Atterrlr en volplanant: af^tar'^rlr' an vel'pla'nan'. 

voltmeter. Voltmetre (n. TO.): volf'me'^tra. 

volunteer. I. n. Volontaire (m.): vo"leh"tar'. II. v. S'offrir 
volontalrenaent: sof'^-frlr' vo" > len"tar_a-man'. 

vomit, v. 1. Vomir: vo"mlr'. 2. Rendre: rdn^dra. 

vomiting. 1. Vomissement (TO.): vo"mls"^sa-mdn' (the act). 



2. Vomitif (m.): vo'ml'tlf (the matter ejected). 
ucher, n. 1. Garantie (/.): ga"ran"ti' (guar 



voucher, n. 1. Garantie (/.): ga"ran"ti' (guarantee). 2. Preuve 

(/.) :|pru v (proof) . 3. Lalssez-passer (m.) : Ias"^s5' pas'^se' (pass) . 
voyage. Voyage (n. TO.): vwa"yd'^3a. home voyage. 

Voyage de retour: vwa'ya'^sa da ra-tur 7 . outward v. Voyage 

d'aller: vwa'ya'^sa dal'le'. 
vulgar, a. Grossier (TO.): gros"sl"^ye'; grossiere (/.): gros"- 

sryar*. 
vulture. Vautour (n. m.): vo"tur'. 



wad, n. 1. Bourre (/.): bur (of cartridge). 2. Touffe (/.): tuf 
(as of cotton) . 

waffle. Gaufre (n. /.) : g6'_fra. 

wagon, n. 1. Wagon (m.): va"gen'. 2. Chariot (TO.): sha"rl"\_, 
y5'. 3. Caisson (TO.): kas'^seh'. 4. Fourgon (TO.): fQr'gen'. 
baggage *wagon. 1. Fourgon a bagage: fur"gen' a ba'gas' 
(military). 3. Wagon a bagage: va"gen' a ba'gas' (railroad). 
battery w. Caisson de batterie: kas'^sen' da baf^ta-rt'. 
supply -wagon. Fourgons a vlvres: fur'gehs'^a vl'^vra. 

waistbelt. Ceinturon (n. TO.): san"tu"ren'. 

waistcoat. Gilet (n. TO.): 3l"le'. See also UNDERVEST and 
VEST. 

wait, v. Attendre: at'^tah'^dra. 

waiting. Attente (n. /.): af^tdnt'. waiting-room. Salic 
d'attente (n. f.) : sal daftant'. 

wake, v. 1. fiveiller: e"ve"_ye'. 2. Reveiller: re"ve"_ye'. 

walk. I. n. 1. Marche (/.): mdrsli. 2. Promenade (/.): pro"- 
ma-nad'. II. v. 1. Marcher: mar'sTie'. 2. Aller a pled: al'^16' 
a pl'^yg'. walk! Au pas! 6 pa (order for cavalry). I can no 
longer w. Je ne puls plus marcher: 38 na pwl plu mar"sTi6'. 

wall, n. 1. Mur (m.): mur. 2. Muraille (/.): mu"ra"^,ya. 

wan, o. Pale (TO. & f.) : pdl. 

want. I. n. Besoin (TO.): ba-zwan'. II. v. 1. Vouloir: vul"- 
wdr'. 2. Deslrer: de*zl"re'. 3. Avoir besoin de: a'vwar' ba-swan' 
de ._I W ant. 1. Je veux: 39 vu. 2. Je desire: 30 de'zlr' (desire). 
3. II me faut: II ma fO (need). . 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; iu = ieud; 

dUne; Cliin; go; rj = sing; sliip; thin; this. 



!.->:; A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; 6r; full; rule; but; burn; 9 = final; 

war. Guerre (n. /.): gar. on a war footing. Sur un pied 
de guerre: siir an pl'yfi' da gar. state of war. Etat de guerre 
(.): e'ta' da gar. to be at war. Etre en guerre: a'^tra on 
gar. war establishments. Etabllssements de guerre: 6ta'- 
blls*^.sa-man' da gar. war levy. Contribution de guerre (/.): 
ken'trrbu'sl'^yen' da gar. war office. Ministere de la guerre 
(m.) : ml'nls'tfir' da la gar. 

war<blscult. Biscuit de reserve: bls'kwl' da r6zarv'. 

warcorrespondent. Correspondant de guerre (m.): ker*^res*- 
pen'dan' da gfir. 

ward, n. 1. Salle (n. /.): sal (of a hospital). 2. Arrondisse- 
ment (m.): ar*^,ren*dls*^sa-man' (of a toum). 

ward, ward off, v. Parer: pa"re' (of blows'). 

warehouse, n. 1. Hangar (m.): han"gar'. 2. Entrepot (m.): 
an*^tra-p5'. warehouse keeper, warehouseman. Garde* 
magasin (n. m.) : gard ma'ga'zan'. 

warfare. Guerre (n. /.): gar. 

warm. I. a. Chaud (m.): slio; chaude (/.): sT\6d. II. . 
Chauffer: shO'fg'. things are warming up. Ca chauffe: so 
sliOf. 

warn, v. 1. PreVenir: pre"^.va-nlr'. 2. Avertir: a"var"tir'. 
warning. Avertissement (n. m.): a*var*tls*^sa-man'. to give 
warning. Avertir: a"var"tlr / (done, as by striking an empty shell 
in case of a gas*attact). 

warp, v. Gaucbir: go" shir'. warping. Gauchissement (n. 
m.): go'sTiIs'^sa-mah'. 

war*plane. Avion de combat (n. m.) : a^vi^yen' da ken"ba'. 

warrant-officer. Maltre d' Equipage (n. m.): ma'^tra de"ki"- 
pas' (naval service). See also under OFFICER. 

warren. Garenne (n. /.): ga"ren'. Abbreviated Gar"*. 

war -tax. Impot de guerre (n. m.) : ah'po' da gar. 

was, v. A defective verb used to supply the imperfect of the 
verb be. See Appendix. he was. II etait (m.): Il_e"ta'. I 
was. J'etais: 3e""ta'. she was. Elle etait (/.) : el^.g"ta'. 

wash. I. n. 1. Lavage (m.): la"vd'v^3a. 2. Blanchissage (m.) : 
blan'sTiIs*_sa',^3a (laundry). II. v. 1. Laver: lo've^. 2. Blanchir: 
blan's'hlr'. I would like a wash. Je voudrais me laver: 33 
vQ'dra' ma la"ve'. washshouse. Lavoir (n. m.): lav'war'. 
Abbreviated Lr. 

washer. Rondelle (n. /.): renMel' (for machinery). 

wastage. Gaspillage (n. m.): gas"pl"^ya3'. 

waste. I. n. Gaspillage (m.): gas^pi^yds'. II. v Gaspiller: 
gos*pr^y6'. to prevent waste. Eviter le gaspillage: 6*vlt6' 
la gas^pr^yfis'. w. no time over it. Ne perdez pas de temps 
la-dessus: na par*d5' pa da ton la da-sii'. 

watch. I. n. 1. Guet (TO.): ge (military). 2. Montre (/.): 
m6h'^tra (timepiece). 3. Quart (m.): kar (on shipboard) . II. c. 1. 
Faire le guet: far la g6 (patrol). 2. Veiller: vfi'^ye' (attend with- 
out sleep, as an invalid). 3. Surveiller: siir*ve*^ye' (exercise sur- 
veillance over). be on the watch. 1. Etre a 1'affut: a'^,tra a 
laf^fii'. 2. Etre aux aguets: a'^tra Oz^a'ga'. set the watch 
carefully. Regler le guet avec soin: re'glfi' la gg a'vek' swan. 

watchful, a. 1. Vigilant (m.): vl"3i ff ldn' ; vigilante (/.): vi'^I"- 
laht'. 2. Attentif (m.): at'^tan'tlf ; attentive (/.): at'^.tantlv'. 

watchman. Garde (n. m.): gard. track'watchman. 
Garde-vole (. m.): gard'vwa'. 

watchword. Mot d'ordre (n. m.): mo der'^dra. 

water. I. n. Eau (/.): 6. Abbreviated E. II. v. Donner a 
boire: den'^ng' a bwar. boll the w. Faire bouilllr 1'eau: far 
ba^yf 10. clear w. Eau claire: klar. cold w. De Teau 
frolde: da 16 frwad. draw w. Pulser de 1'eau: pwI'zS* da 10. 
drinkable or drinking w. Eau potable: 



i = habit; aisle; au = out; eil; itt = feud; 
diine; Cliin; go; rj = sing; sliip; fllin; ttlis. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY 154 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; 8 = final; 
fresh w. Eau douce: 5 dus (not salt) .get some w. Allez cher- 
cher de 1'eau: al"le' sTiar"sW da 15. hard w. Eau crue: 6 krii. 
hot w. De 1'eau chaude: da 15 shod. Icewater. Eau glacee 
(n. /.) : 6 gla"se'. Is the w. drinkable? L'eau est-elle potable? 
15 et^,el po'ta'^bla. mineral w. See under MINERAL. 
muddy w. Eau troublee: o tru"ble'. running w. Eau cou- 
rante: 6 ku"rant'. salt w. Eau salee: 5 sa*le'. sea w. Eau 
de mer: 5 da mar. some w. for my horse. De 1'eau pour 
mon cheval: da 15 pur men sTia-vdl'. some w. to drink. De 
1'eau a boire: da 15 a bwar. spring w. Eau de source: 5 da surs. 
stagnant w. Eau dormante: 6 der"mdnt'. w.sbailin*. 
Gardepeche (n. m.): gard'pasli'. w.sbottle. Bldon (n. m.): 
brden'. w.sbottle strap. Courroie de bidon (/.): kurwa' da 
brden'. w.sdoset. Latrines (n. f. pi.): la'trtn'. water- 
course. 1. Cours d'eau (n. m.): kur d5. 2. Chute d'eau (n. /.): 
sTuit do. watergand, n. [Fl.] Fosse (m.): fos'se' (foss or 
ditch). \v. jacket. Chemise d'eau (/.): slia-mlz' d6. w. 
mill. Moulin a eau (m.): mu"lan' a 5. w.splane. Hydroplane 
(n. m.): I"dr5"plan'. w. supply. 1. Approvlslonnement d'eau 



(m.): ap'pro'vrzFyen^na-man' do. 2. La distribution d'eau: la 
dis"trrbu"sr'_yen' d6 (of towns'). w.=tank. Reservoir a 1'eau 
(m.): re"zar"vwar' a 15. w. unfit to drink. Eau non potable: 
6 nen p6"ta'^bla. where can I get water? Ou puisje trou- 
ver de 1'eau? u pwi'^sa tru"ve' da 15. where can we water 
our horses? Ou pouvonsnous abreuver nos chevaux? u pu'ven' 
nuz^a"bru''ve' n5 ha-v5'. will you please w. my horse? 
Voulezvous donner a boire a mon cheval, s'il vous plait? vu"15' 
vu den'^.ne' a bwar a men slia-val', sll vu pla. 

watercress. Cresson (n. m.): kres"^,sen'. 

waterfall, n. 1. Cascade (/.) : kas"kdd'a. 2. Chute d'eau (/.) : 
shut dS. 

watering place, w. "trough. Abreuvoir (n. TO.) : a"bru"vwar' 
(for animals). 

waterproof, a. Impermeable (m. &/.): an"per"me"d'^bla. 
waterproof =coat. Manteau impermeable (n. m.) : man"t6' 
an"par"me"a'^bla. w. sheet. 1. Toile vernie (/.) : twal vSr'ni'. 
2. Drap impermeable (m.): dra an*per*me*a'<_bla. 

waterway. 1. Voie d'eau (/.): vwa do. 2. Cours d'eau na- 
vigable (m.): kur d5 na'vl'gfi'^bla. 

wave, n. 1. Onde (/.): ohd (surge). 2. Vague (/.): vfig (of the 
sea). 

waverer. Un indecis (n. TO.) : an an"de"sl' (one who is unde- 
cided). 

way, n. 1. Chemin (m.): sTia-man' (path, etc.). 2. Route 
(/.) : rut (road) . 3. Vole (f.) : vwa (of railroad) . can you tell 
me the way to . . . ? Pouvezvous me diriger vers . . . ? pfi"ve' 
vu ma dl'rrse' var. come this way. Venez par lei: ve-ne' 
par I'sT. covert way. Chemin couvert: sha-man' ku"v|lr'. I 
have lost the way. J'ai perdu mon chemin: z& par"dii' mon 
slia-man'. permanent way. 1. La vole ferree: la vwa far're' 
(railroad). 2. Reseau permanent (m.): re"z5' par"ma"nan' 
(railway system). that way. 1. Par la: par la (through there). 
2. De ce cote: da sa k5*te' (by this side). the way in. L'entree 
(n. /.): lan'tre'. the way out. La sortie (n. /.): la ser*tl'. 
which is the way to . . . ? Quel chemin faut-il prendre pour 
aller a . . . ? kel slia-man' f6ts_Il pron'dra pQr al'le' a (literally, 
"What road must one take to go to . . .?"). which way? 1. Par 
ou? par Q. 2. De quel cote? da kel k5't6'. which way did 
you come? Par quel chemin etes-vous venu? par kel sha-man' 
S'^ta vfl va-nii'. 

waybill. Feuille de route (n. /.): fu'^ya da rut. 

wayside. Au bord de la route: 6 ber da la rut. wayside* 
cross. Calvalre (n. m.): kal'var'. 

we, pron. 1. Nous: nu (definite). 2. On: en (indefinite, "one"). 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; oil; 1O = feud; 

dune; Cliin; go; O = sing; sliip; fhin; this. 



l.Vi A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; firt; fat; fare; fast; get; pry; hit; police; 

obey; g5; net; or; full; rOle; but; born; a = final; 
we are. Nous sommes: nQ sOm. we are going to ... Nous 
aliens a . . .: nuz^al'^lenz'^a. we can not. Nous ne pouvons 
pas: nQ ne pQ'ven' pa. See CAN. we have. Nous avons: nuz_ 
a'ven'. we were. Nous etions: naz^e*tr<_yen'. 

weak, a. Faible (m. &/.): fa'^bla. weaken, v. 1. Affaiblir: 
ar^fa'bllr'. 2. Dlminuer: dl'ml'nu'e'. weakening. Affai- 
bllssement (n. m.): af^fa'bUs'mah'. weakly, a. Chetif (m.): 
sTig'tlf'; chetlve (/.): She'tlv' (puny). weakness. Falblesse 
(n. /.) : fa'bles'. 

weapons. Armes (n. f. pi): arm (in general). 

wear, r. 1. Porter: per*te' (of clothes, etc.). 2. User: u*ze" 
(use by wear). wear down, r. 1. User: ii'z'. 2. Epulser: 



weather. Temps (n. m.): tan. misty weather. Temps 
brumeux: ton brii'mu'. stormy w. Temps d'orage: tan d5*- 
ra'^,33. 

Wednesday. Mercredi (n. TO.): mar*^.kra-di'. 

week. Semaine (n. /.): sa-man'. from to*morrow week. 
De demain en hull: da da-man' an hwlt. In a w. Dans huit 
jours: dan hwl 3(ir. last w. La semalne dernlere: la sa-mSn' 
dar'nl'^yar'. 

weigh, v. Peser: pa-ze'. 

weight. Poids (n. m.): pwa. 

wen*. 1. Barrage (n. m.): bar^^ra^' (dam). 2. DeVersoir (m.) : 
d6"var*swar / (spill*icateT) . 

welfare, 71. 1. Bonheur (rn.) : ben^_nur'. 2. Bien-e'tre (TO.): 
br_yan'^a'^tra. 

well, n. Puits (n. TO.) : pwl. Abbreviated Pts. 

well, adv. Bien: br^yan'. all's well. Tout va bien: tu va 
br^yah'. w.'bred, a. 1. Bien eleve: Malayan' *la-ve'. 2. 
Poll: po'll' (polite). w. done! Bien fait! bl'^yan' fa. 

Welsh (the)., Les Gallois (n. m.): le golVd'. 

were you? Etiez-vous? e"tl"^ye f vu. 

west. Quest (n. TO.): u"^est'. In the west. A 1'ouest: a 
lu'^est'. to go w. To die: British soldiers' euphemism. 

western, a. Occidental (m.), occidentale (/.): ek"^s!"dan / 'tal'. 

westward. Vers 1'ouest: ver lu'^est'. 

wet, a. Mouille (TO.), mouill^e (/.): mu"s_,ye'. wet through. 
Trempe (a. m.), trempee (/.): trah'pe'. wet to the bone or 
skin. Mouille jusqu'aux os: mu'^ye' 3us*k5z'^5. 

wharf, n. 1. Quai (m.): ka. 2. Debarcadere (TO.): de /r bar"ka''- 
dar'. Abbreviated Debre. 3. Entrepot (m.): an'^tra-po'. 

what, pron. 1. Quoi? kwa (os subject). 2. Que: ka (as object). 
3. Qu'estce que: kes'a ka. what Is It? Qu'est-ce que c'est? kes*- 
ka s6 (Interrogattcelu) . what Is the date? Quelle date sommes- 
nous? kel dot som nQ. w. Is your calling, trade or profession? 
Quel est votre metier? kel^.e ve'^tra m5*tr_y6'. w. Is your 
name? Comment vous appelez*vous? kem'^man' \-Qz^,ap*^ 
pa-16' vu. w. Is your nationality? Quelle est votre nationallte? 
kel^6 vo'^,tra na'sl'^yen'a'll't^'.^ w. Is your number? 
Quel est votre numero? kel^,6 v5'^tra nii'mg'rO'. w. Is your 
regiment? Quel est votre regiment? kel^,6 vO'^tra rg'sl'man'. 
w. It Is. Ce que c'est: sa ka s. w. place Is this? Ou 
sommes-nous ici? Q sOm nQz^I's!'. w. troops are those? 
Quelles sont ces troupes-la? kel sen s trQp la. w. were you 
doing? Que faisiez-vous? ka fa'zl'^yg' vQ. 

wheat, n. 1. Froment (TO.): fro'moh'. 2. Ble (TO.): ble." 

wheel. I. n. 1. Roue (/.): rii. 2. Volant (TO.): voloh' (fly 
wheel). II. v. 1. Faire une conversion: far tin ken*var*8l"^yeh'. 
2. Faire deml-tour: far da-mi' tQr (take a half-turn) . elevating 
wheel. Volant de pointage en hauteur (m.) : vo'lah' da pwan'tas'^ 
an hO'tur*. flyw. Volant (m.): vo'lfin'. steerlngw. 1. Vo- 
lant de direction (m.): vo'lah' da drrek'sr^yen'. Tt. Roue de 

I = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; IQ = fetid; 

dune; Chin; go; Q = sing; STiip; thin; ttlis. 



A SERVICE DICTIONARY lf> 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; pre"y; hit; police; 

obey; go; net; Or; full; rule; but; born; a = final; 
gouvernail (/.): ru da gu*var"nai'. traversing roller or w. Vo- 
lant de pointage en direction (m.) : vo"lan' da pwah'taj'^an dl"- 
rek"sl"^yen'. w. to the right. Appuyer a droite: ap'^pwl*^ 
ye' a drwat. 

wheelbarrow. Brouette (/.): bru"et'. 

wheelwright. Charron (n. TO.): sTiar'^ren'. 

when. I. conj. Lorsque: lers'_ka. II. adv. Quand: kan. 
when were you retired? or declared unfit? Quand etiez-vous 
mis a la reforme? kah e"tl"^,ye' vu mlz^a la re'ferm'. 

where. Ou (adv.): u. where are . . . ? Ou sont . . . ? 
u sen. w. are the officers quartered? Ou sont cantonnes 
les offlciers? u sen kah"ten"_ne' lez^or^fl'sl'^ye'. w. are 
our quarters? Ou sont nos logements? u sen n5 le'^sa-man'. 
w. are we? Ou sommes-nous? u s6m nu. w. can the 
kitchens be set? Ou peut-on etablir les cuisines? u put^en 6"ta*- 
blir' le kwrzln'. w. can we fill our water ^bottles? Ou 
pouvonsnous remplir nos bidons? tl pu'veh' nil ran"pllr / no 
bl"deh'. w. can we get food? Ou pouvonsnous trouver a 
manger? u pu"ven' nu trii"ve' a man"3e'. w. have you come 
from? D'ouetes'vous venu? du at'vu' va-nii'. w. do you live? 
Ou demeurezvous? u da-mu"re' vu. w. do you want to go? 
Ou voulez'vous aller? u vu"le' vuz^al"^,le'. w. Is . . . ? Ou est 
. . . ? u e. w. is he? Ou estil? Q e'^tll. w. were you hit? Ou 
avezvous ete blesse? u a've' vuz_6"te' bles'^,s6'. 

whereas, adv. 1. Tandis que: tan"dl' ka. 2. D'un autre cot6: 



which, adj. Quel (m.), quelle (/.): kel. 

whifflestree. Palonnier (n. m.): pa"len"^nr^ / ye'. See 

SWINGLE-TREE. 

whip, n. Fouet (m.): fu"e'. 

whiskers, n. 1. Favoris (TO. pi): fa"vd"rl'. 2. Cotelettea (/. 

pi.): k6"^,ta-let' (short side whiskers). 
whistle. Sifflet (n. TO.): slf\_fle'. whistle^blast. Coup de 

sifflet (m.): ku da slf^fle'. 
white, a. Blanc (TO.): blan; blanche (/.): blansh. white* 

feather, n. Lache (n. TO.): lasli. Literally, "plume blanche": 

plum blansli. 
who, pron. Qui: kl. who are you? Qui etes-vous? kl at vu. 

who goes there? 1. Qui vive? kl vlv. 2. Qui va la? kl va la. 
whole. I. a. Entier (m.): ah"tl"^,ye' ; entire (/.): an"tl"_yar'. 

II. n. Tout (m.) : tu. as a whole. 1. En totalite: an to'ta'irte'. 

2. En bloc: ah blek. 
why. Pourquoi (adv.): pur / "kwa'. 
wick. Meche (n. /.): mash. 
wicker. Osier (n. TO.): o'^I'^ye'. 
wide, a. Large (TO. & /.): lar^. width. Largeur (n. /.): 



wife. Femme (n. /.) : fam. 

wig. Perruque (n. /.): par"^,ruk'. 

wigwag. 1. Signaux bras (TO.): si^nyo' a bra. 2. La 

transmission de signaux a bras (/.): la traiis''mls''^sr^yen' da 

sl'^nyS' a bra. 

wilfully. Volontairement (adv.): vo"len"tar*mdh'. 
Will. Volont6(r<,./.):v6"len"te'. Will you? Voulez-vous? vu"- 

16' vu. 

willow, n. Saule (TO.) : sel. 
win, v. Gagner: ga"^_,nye'. 
winch. Treuil (n. TO.): tru's_,ya. winchman. Homme du 

treuil (m.) : em du trO'^ya. 
wind. Vent (n. TO.): van. 

windlass. Treuil (n. TO.): tru'^ya. Abbreviated Trl. 
windmill, n. Moulin it vent (TO.): mu'lan' a van. 
wlndscreen. Pare-brise (n. TO.): 



_ 

1 = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; 1Q = feud; 
dune; cliin; go; n = sing; Ship; thin; this. 



ir.7 A SERVICE DICTIONARY wTOa * 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; pollc-i-; 

obey; gfi; net; Or; full; rule; but; burn; a = final; 

wind, v. Tourner: tur"ne'. to wind up. Remonter le 
mouvement: ra-men"te' Is muv"mdn' (of watches, clocks). 

window. Fen6tre (n. /.) : f a-na'^tra. 

windy, a. Venteux: van"tu'. it is too windy. II fait trop 
de vent: 11 fa tro da van. 

wine. Vin (n. TO.) : van. a bottle of red wine. Une bouteille 
de vin rouge: iin bu'te'^ya da van rQ'^sa. w. list. Carte dcs 
vins (n./.): kart de van. wineshop. Cabaret (m.): ka"ba"re'. 

wing. Aile (n. /.): al. left wing. Aile gauche: algSsh. 
wing-spread. Empennage (n. m.): an'-^pen'^nag' wing: 
tip. 1. Bout d'aile (n. m.) : bu dal. 2. Aileron (n. m.) : a'^la- 
reri'. 

winning, a. Gagnant: ga"nydn'. See WIN. 

winter. Hiver (n. m.): i"vfir'. 

"Wipers," wai'pars. Brit, soldiers' slang for YPRES. 

wire, n. 1. Fil (m.) : fil. 2. Fil de fer (m .) : fll da far. barbed 
wire. See under BARBED. brass w. Fil de laiton: fil da 
la"ten'.' copper w. Fil decuivre: fll da kwT^vra. w.scutter. 
Pince coupante (n. /.) : pans ku'pan'^ta. w. entanglement. 
Reseau de fil de fer (m.) : re'zo' da fll da far. w. met ting. Gril- 
lage de nl de fer (m.): grl'^yas' da fll da far. wrapping. 
L' interception des depeches (/.) : lan ff tar / 'sep''si''_yen / de de'pasli'. 

wireless. 1. Telegraphic sans fil (/.) : te"le"gra"fi' sah fil. 2. 
Radiotelegraphie (/.) : ra"dro"te"le"gra"fi'. wireless telegram. 
Radiotelegramme (n. m.): ra"dr6'te*le*gram'. 

wisdom. Sagesse (n. /.) : safes'. 

wish. Desir (n. m.) : de"zlr'. 

with, prep. Avec: a"vek'. 

withdraw, . 1. Retirer: ra-tl"re' (take away}. 2. Se retirer: 
sa ra-trre' (leave). withdrawal. Retraite (n. /.): ra-trat'. 

withers. Garrot (n. m.): gar'^ro'. 

withhold, v. 1. Retenir: ra-ta-mr'. 2. S'abstenir de: sabs"^ 
ta-nlr' da (withhold from) . 

within. I. adv. 1. En: on. 2. Dedans: da-dan'. II. prep. 

1. En: an. 2. Dans: dan. 

without. I. adv. En dehors: an da-er'. II. conj. 1. A moins 
que: a mwan ka. 2. Sans que: son ka. III. prep. Sans: son. 

witness. Temoin (n. m.): te"mwan'. eye*witness. T6^ 
moin oculaire: te'mwan' o"ku'lar'. 

woman. Femme (n. /.) : fam. 

wood. Bois (n. m.): bwa. Abbreviated B. wooded, a. 
Boise (m.), boisee (/.): bwa'ze'. wooded ground. Terrain 
boise (m.) : tar"^rah' bwa'ze'. wooden, a. 1. De bois: da bwa. 

2. En bois: ah bwa. woods, n. 1. Bois (774.): bwa. 2. Foret 
(/.): fe'rg'. woodwork. Charpente (n. /.): sTiar"pan'^ta. 
woodward. Chantier (n. m.): slum'tr^ye'. See TIMBER-YARD. 

wool, n. 1. Laine (/.): Ian. 2. Ouate (/.): u"v_at' (absorbent 
cotton*wool). 

word. Mot (71. m.): mo. 

work. I. n. 1. Travail (m.): tra"vai'v_,ya. 2. Ouvrage (TO.): 
u'vras'. II. v. Travailler: tra'vai'^yC'. working. Fonctionne- 
ment (n. m.): fehk'sr^yen'^na-mah' (of machines) . works, n. 
1. Ouvrages (m.): Q'vraz'. 2. Travaux: tra'vo'. field works. 
Fort (or) ouvrages, de campague: fer (or) Q'vras', da kan*pu'_. 
nya. permanent works. Ouvrages de fortification: u'vrus' <ic 
fer*tl*fl*ka*sl^,yen'. 3. Fabrique (/.): fo'brtk' (building). Ab- 
breviated Fabe. 4. Usine (/.): u'zln' (factory). Abbreviated Use. 
advanced works. Ouvrages avances: u'vras' a'vah'se'. 
defence w. Ouvrages de defense: Q'vras' da dfi'fans'. flanking 
w. Ouvrages de flanquement: tTvrfis' da flan'^ka-mfin'. inter- 
mediate w. Ouvrages intermediaires: a'vras' an"tar"me*dr_ 
yar 7 . Irregular w. Ouvrages en ligne brisee: u'vras' an ll'^nya 
brrzg'. regular w. Ouvrages en llgne droltc: u'vras' ah ir^nya 

l = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; ip = feud; 

diine; cliin; go; n = sing; ^hip; fhin; this. 



Zouav P A SERVICE DICTIONARY 158 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prey; hit; police; 

Obey; g5; net; er; full; rule; but; burn; 3 = final; 
drwat. supporting w. Ouvrages d'appui: u'vras' dap'pwl'. 
temporary w. Fortifications passageres: fer"trfi"'ka''sr^yen' 
pas'sa'sar'. 

workshop. Atelier (n. m.): a"tel"^,ye'. 

worse. I. a. 1. Pire: pir. 2. Plus mauvais: plu mo"va'. II. 
adv. 1. Pis: pi. 2. Plus mal: plii mal. 

worth. Valeur (n. /.): va"lur'. 

wound, n. 1. Blessure (/.): bles"_siir'. 2. Plaie (/.): pla. 
bruised or contused w. Plaie contuse: pla ken"tiiz'. lacerated 
w. Plaie par dechirure: pla par de"shi"rur'. shot w. Blessure par 
coupde feu: bles"^sur' par ku da 10. stab w. Plaie penetrante: 
pla pe'ne'trant'. superficial w. Plaie superficielle: pla su'per"- 
fl"sr_yer. to cleanse a wound. Nettoyer, (or) purifier une 
blessure: net'^twa'^-ye', (or) pu*rt'n"ye' tin bles*_siir'. to 
clip a w. Debrider une plaie (m.) : de'brrde' tin pla. to dress a 
w. Panser une blessure: pan'se' tin bles"^,sur / . 

wounded, pa. Blesse (m.), blessee (/.): bles"^se'. to be w. 
Etre blesse: a'_tra bles"^,se'. to bring In the w. Relever les 
blesses: ra-ls-ve' le bles'^se'. where are you w.? Ou etes 
vous blesse? u et vu bles"^,se'. w. in the arm, foot. Blesse au 
bras, pied: bles'-^se' 5 bra, pl'^ye'. w. in the shoulder. Blesse 
al'epaule: bles*_se' a 16poT. 

wreath. Couronne (n. /.) : ku"ren'. 

wreathe, v. Enrouler: an"ru"le'. 

wrench, n. Clef (/.): kle. monkey swrench. Clef anglais^ 
(n. /.) : kle ah'giaz'. 

wrinkled, o. 1. Pliss6 (m.), plissee (/.): plis"_se' (of clothes, 
etc.). 2. Ride (m.), ridee (/.): rl'de' (of the face). 

wrist. Poignet (n. m.) : pwo/'nye'. wrist*watch. Montre a 
poignet (n. /.): meix'>_tra a pwa'nye'. wristlet. Bracelet 
(n. m.): bra'^sa-le'. 

write, v. Ecrire: e"krir'. w. your name. Ecrivez votre 
nom: e"krrve' v5'^.tra nen. in writing. Par ecrit: par e'krl'. 
writing-paper. 1. Papier a lettres (n.m.): pa'prye' alet'^tra. 
2. Papier a ecrire (n. m.) : pa'pl'^ye' a e'krtr'. 

wrong. I. a. Faux (m.), fo; fausse (/.): fos. II. n. 1. Mal (m.): 
mal. 2. Tort (m.): ter. III. v. Faire tort a: far ter a. to be 
wrong. Avoir tort: a'vwar' ter. 

X 

x<rays, n. pi. Rayons X (m.): ra,"yen' eks. 



yacht. Yacht (n. m.) : T^yak'. 

yard. Cour (n.f.): kur. yard, or yard-arm. Vergue (n. /.): 

varg. 
year. 1. An (n. m.) : an (dates only). 2. Ann6e (n. /.) : an"^ne' 

(descriptive in general). to be ten years old. Avoir dix ans: 

a'vwor' dlz^an. yearly, adv. Par an: par ah. 
yellow, a. Jaune (m. & /.): son. yellowish, a. Jaunatre: 

36"na'_tra. yellowish *whlte, a. Blanc sale: blah'sal'. 
yes, adv. Oui: wl. 
yesterday, adv. Hier: I"^yar'. 
yet. I. adv. Encore: an"ker'. II. conj. 1. Cependant: sa- 

pan'dah'. 2. Pourtant: pQr*tan'. as yet. 1. Jusqu'ici: susk*^ 

I'sl'. 2. Jusqu'a present: susk'^a' prg'zdn'. not yet, or not 

as yet. Pas encore: paz_ah*k( 
field, v. Produire: pro"dwlr'. 
". M. C. A. Young Men's 

Chretienne de JeunesGens: ti*nr^,yen' kre*tr^.yen' da sun son. 

you, pron. Vous: vu. 

i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 
dline; Cliin; go; n = si?^; Sliip; fliin; ttlis. 



as yet. Pas encore: paz_ah*ker'. 

?leld, v. Produire: pro"dwlr'. 
. M. C. A. Young Men's Christian Association. Union 



159 A SERVICE DICTIONARY 

artistic; art; fat; fare; fast; get; prfiy; hit; police; 
obey; go; net; 6r; full; rflle; but; bOrn; a = final; 
young, a. Jeune (m. & /.): 3un. 

your, a. m. & f. Votre (sing.): vo\_tra; vos (pi.): vo. 
yours, pron. 1. Le votre (TO. sing.): la vo'^-tra. 2. La votre 

(/. sing.): la vO'^tra. 3. Les votres (pi. m. & /.): 16 vO'^tre. 
yourself, pron. Vous-me'me (sing.): vu"mam'. Also, vous: 

vQ. for "you, yourself." 

yourselves, pron. Vous-memes (pi.) : vu'mam'. 
Ypres, i'pra. Belgian town. 

Z 

zebra. Z6bre (n. m.): za'^bra. 

zero, n. 1. Ze"ro (m.): ze"ro'. 2. Rien (m.): ri^yan'. 

zigszag, a. En zigzags: an zlg*zag'. 

zinc. Zinc (n. m.): zank. 

Zither. Cithare (/.): si'^tdr'. 

zone. 1. Zone (n. /.): zon. 2. Ceinture (/.): san"tur' (girdle). 
army zone. Zone des armees: z6n dez^ar*me'. collecting 
zone. Zone ou Ton ra masse les blesses: z6n Q left ra'mas' le 
bles'^se'. danger z. Zone dangereuse: zOn dan'sa-ruz'. 
distribution z. Zone de repartition: z5n da re'par'trsr^.yen'. 
evacuating z. Zone d'evacuation: zon de*va*ku''a''sr^,yen'. 
home z. Zone de 1'interleur: z6n da lan"te*rr N _yur / . 
military z. Zone milltalre: z6n ml'll'tar'. z. of fire. Champ 
de tlr: slum da tlr. 

Zouave. Zouave (n. TO.): zu"dv' (lightarmed French infantry- 
man). 



i = habit; aisle; au = out; ell; lu = feud; 
diine; cliin; go; 5 = sin0; sliip; thin; this. 



APPENDIX 



SOME ELEMENTS OF FRENCH GRAMMAR 

The Article The Verb 

The Adjective The Adverb 

The Noun The Preposition 

The Pronoun The Conjunction 

The Interjection 



MEASURES AND WEIGHTS 

Capacity Square 

Distance Thermometric 

Length Weights 



SOME ELEMENTS OF FRENCH GRAMMAR 



There are in French nine parts of speech, namely: article, 
adjective, noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunc- 
tion, and interjection. 

ARTICLE. There are three sorts of articles, the definite, 
the indefinite, and the partitive. 

The definite article the is le before a masculine noun, la 
before a feminine noun, and les for both genders in the plural 
(le lirre, la H'^vra, the book; la pomme, la pern, the apple; 
les lirres, le ll'vra, les pommes, le pern, the books, the apples) . 
The indefinite article a, an, is un before a masculine noun, 
and une before a feminine noun (un manteau, an man"to', a 
cloak; une table, un td'^bla, a table). Hence it may be de- 
duced that both articles always agree in gender and number with 
the nouns to which they relate. 

When the article le or la is to be used before a noun or adjec- 
tive beginning with a vowel or an h not aspirate, an apostrophe 
is put in the place of e or a, so that the article and the noun 
or adjective form one word (I'or [ler] for le or, the gold; 
I'histoire [lls"twar'] for la histoire, the history; I'ancien [lah"- 
sf^yan'] for le ancien, the senior or elder). When there is oc- 
casion to use the article le immediately after the preposition 
de, of, from, by, with, in, upon, out of, some, any, for, at, to, 
both are contracted into du, of the, from the, by the, some, 
any; the same contraction occurs in des, of, instead of de les; 
au, to the, instead of d le, aux instead of d les; but it does not 
take place when le is followed by a noun or adjective begin- 
ning with a vowel or an h not aspirate (de I'or [da ler], of the 
gold; de I'homme [da lem], of the man; de I'ancien monde [da 
lah'si'^yan' mond], of the ancient world). 

The partitive article is du, de la, de V (before a vowel or 
an h not aspirate), des, according to the gender and number 
of the noun (du pain [du pan], some or any bread; de la haine 
[da la han], some or any hatred; de I'hdtel [da lp"tel'l, of the 
hotel; de I'or [da ler], some of the gold; des poires [ae pwar], 
some of the pears) ; but after a negation, or before an adjective 
followed by a noun, de alone is used without any distinction of 
gender or number (il ne mange pas de pain [II na mdn'^a pa 
da pan], he eats no bread; nous avons de bon mn et de belles 
figues [nuz^a'ven' da ben van e da bel flg'a], we have good wine 
and fine figs). 

ADJECTIVE. The adjective agrees in gender and number 
with the noun to which it relates, and this difference of gender 
and number is generally marked by the termination of the 
adjective (un beau ckeval, a fine horse; une poire mure, a ripe 
pear; les beaux arts, the fine arts). 

Adjectives ending in e are of both genders (homme aimable, 
amiable man; femme aimable, amiable woman). Adjectives 
ending in d, e, eur, i, t, u, form their feminine by the addition 
of an e (grand, grande, great, large; sensS, sensee, sensible; 
interieur, interieure, interior; poli, polie, polite; gratuit, gratuite, 
gratuitous; tortu, tortue, crooked, twisted); the same addition 
is made to those ending in ais, as, eil, el, es, et, ien, il, on, os, ot, 
ul, but the final consonant is doubled (epais, epaisse, thick; pa- 
reil, pareille, alike; net, nette, clean, neat; bon, bonne, good; sot, 
sotte, foolish). Adjectives ending in / change it into ve (naif, 
>iai ve, simple, unaffected), and those ending in x change it into se 
(jaloux,jnlousi', jealous). About thirty adjectives ending in au, 
c, g, ou, x, have quite irregular plurals which are indicated by 
the French dictionaries (beau, belle, beautiful; blanc, blanche, 
163 



164 SOME ELEMENTS OF 



white; long, longue, long; benin, btnigne, benign; fou, folle, 
foolish; doux, douce, soft; faux, fausse, false; vieux, vieille, old); 
others ending in r (cher, chere, dear), and eight others ending 
in et form their feminine by adding e, and require a grave accent 
on the penultimate e (inquiet, inquiete, anxious, uneasy). 

Adjectives ending in c, d, e, 6, f, g, i, n, t, u, form their plural 
by the addition of an s (grand, grands; poll, polis; intelligent, 
intellig ents) . Adjectives ending in s or x do not change their ter- 
mination in the plural (gros, big; hideux, hideous); those ending 
in au take x in the plural (beau, beaux) ; some of those in al take 
8, as fatal, fatals, final, finals, naval, navals; others change their 
termination into aux (egal,egaux, equal; amical, amicaux, ami- 
cable); but most of them have no plural masculine (frugal, 
frugal, etc.). 

Of the three degrees of comparison, the positive is the ad- 
jective in its simple state. The comparative of superiority 
is formed by putting plus (plii) , more, before the adjective (plus 
joli, finer; plus illustre, more illustrious) ; the comparative of 
inferiority, by prefixing moins (mwan), less, to the adjective 
(moms belle, mwan bel, less beautiful), and the comparative 
of equality, by putting aussi (6s"^,sl') before the adjective in 
affirmative, and si (si) in negative phrases; the terms of com- 
parison, when expressed, are connected with the comparative 
by the conjunction que (aussi instruit que [os"v_sl' an"strwi' ka], 
as learned as; il n'est pas si age qu'elle [II ne pa si d"v^3e' kelj, 
he is not so old as she). The comparatives of bon, ben, 
mauvais, m6"va', petit, pa-ti', are meilleur, ma"^,yur', pire, pir, 
moindre, mwah'^dra. 

The superlative absolute is formed by putting tres, tra, fort, 
fer, or bien, bl"^yan', very, before the adjective, and the super- 
lative relative, by prefixing the article le, la, les, according to 
the gender and number required, to the comparative (une 
tres belle mile [tin tra bel vil], a very fine city; la plus belle des 
villes [la plii bel de vil], the finest of cities). When a possessive 
pronoun is to be used before the comparative, the article is left 
out (mon meilleur ami [men ma"^,yur' a"rru'], my best friend). 

When the adjective relates to two nouns singular, of the same 
gender, it must be put in the plural and agree with them in 
gender (ma mere et ma sceur sont contentes [ma mar e ma sur 
sen ker/'tant'^a], my mother and sister are satisfied); but 
when the two nouns to which the adjective relates are of 
different genders, the adjective must be put in the masculine 
plural (mon pere et ma mere sont contents [men par e ma mar 
sen ken" tan'], my father and mother are satisfied). 

In French qualifying adjectives are placed indifferently be- 
fore or after the nouns they qualify. The ear and the taste 
determine their positions. Certain adjectives, however, change 
in sense according to their positions; such are brave (brav), 
grand (gran), bon (ben), commun (kem^man') , petit (pa-tl'). 
For example: "Un homme bon" is a good, charitable man, but 
"un bon homme" is a simple, credulous man. Most adjec- 
tives are placed after the noun a magnificent palace : Un 
palais magnifique (an pa"la' ma"nyl"flk') ; a wise man: Un 
homme sage (aii_em sd'^sa); an industrious woman: Une 
femme industrieuse (un fam an"dus"tri"^,yuz / ). The following 
come before them: 

Beau, cher (denoting affection), gros, jeune, mauvais, me- 
chant, petit a handsome horse: Un beau cheval (an bo sTia-val'); 
my dear boy: mon cher garcon (men sliar gar"sen') ; the fat man: 
le gros bonhomme (la gro ben*em'); the young girl: la jeune 
fille (la sun fi'^ya); in bad taste: de mauvais gout (da m6 w va,' 
gu) ; the naughty boy: le mechant gargon (la me ff shan' gar"sen') ; 
the small hat: le petit chapeau (la pa-tl' sTaa"po')- 



FRENCH GRAMMAR 



165 



NOUN. There are two sorts of nouns: the proper noun, 

which is applied to a particular person or thing (Cesar [se"zdr'], 
Caesar; les Alpes [lez alp], Alps), and the common noun, 
which belongs to a whole class of objects (homme [em], man; 
foret [fo"re'], forest). 

To nouns belong gender and number. There are two genders, 
the masculine (un homme [an em], a man; un livre [an ll'^yra], 
a book; le courage [la ku'ras'^s], courage), and the feminine 
(une fcmme [tin fain], a woman; une foret [tin fo"ra], a forest; 
la victoire [Iq vlk"twdr'], victory). The French dictionary is 
the only guide to follow to ascertain the gender of inani- 
mate objects. Nouns are of two numbers, the singular (arbrc 
[dr'_,bra], tree; tour [tur], tower), and the plural (arbres [dr'^ 
bra], trees; tours [tur], towers); some nouns are used only in 
the singular (le courage [la ku"rd'x_3a], courage; Vor [ler], gold), 
and others only in the plural (les mouchettes [le mu"shet'], 
snuffers; des epinards [dez^e"pi"ndr / ], spinach). 

The plural is formed by adding s to the singular (homme 

!em], man, hommes [em], men; livre [li'^vra], book, livres 
ll'^vra], books). But nouns ending in s, x, z in the singular, 
remain the same in the plural (fils [fls], son, fils [fls], sons; 
voix [vwa], voice, voix [vwa], voices; nez [ne], nose, nez [ne], 
noses) ; nouns ending in au, eu, ou are rendered plural by add- 
ing an x (bateau [ba"td'], boat, bateaux [ba"to'], boats; VCEU [vu], 
vow, vceux [vu], vows; bijou [bl"^3u'], jewel, bijoux [bl^jfi'], 
jewels); nouns ending in al, ail, change it into aux in the 
plural (cheval [sha-vdl'], horse, chevaux [sha-vo'], horses; travail 
[tra"vai'], work, travaux [tra"vo'], works), except bal (bal), ball; 
detail (da-toi'), detail, and some others which follow the gen- 
eral rule. 

PRONOUN. There are five kinds of pronouns. 
1. Personal pronouns. 



SINGULAR. 1st person 


3d person 




Subject 


Je, 33. . .1 


Subject 


Tu, tu . . . 


thou 




(Me, ma. .me 




ITe, ta . . . 


thee 


Object 


Moi, mwa.me 
Me, ma . . to me 


Object 


Te, ' ta . . . 






Moi, mwa.to me 




Toi, twa. . 


to thee 


3d person 




Subject 


Elle 


11 
el 


.he 

.she 








Le, lu 


i, la, Iwl. 


.him, it 






Object 


Lui* 1 


le, la, el.. 
Iwl.... 


her 
.to him, to it 








Lui, 


Iwl.... 


.to her 




PLURAL. 1st person 


2d person 




Subject 


Nous, nu. .we 


Subject Vous, vu. 


.you 


Object 


f Nous, nu . . us 
\Nous, nu..to us 


Object 


f Vous, vu. 
\ Vous, vu. 


.you 
.to you 



3d person 

Subject Us, ellcs, il, el thy 

rK;//.f / Les, eux, elles, IS, u, el. . them 

Object \Leur, lur.....tothem 

REFLECTED AXD RECIPROCAL PRONOUN. 3d person 
Q\ ntr / "S e i sa, himself, herself, one's self. 

5- \ Se, sa, to himself, to herself, to one's self. 
PI \Se, SB, themselves, one another. 

\ Se, 88, to themselves, to one another. 
Soi, swci, himself, to himself, oneself, to oneself. 



166 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



PERSONAL AND RELATIVE PRONOUNS 

En, an, of him, of her, of it, of them, some of them, of that 
thence, hence. 

Y, I, to him, to her, to it, to them, there, here, thither. 
2. Possessive pronouns. 

CONJUNCTIVE. 1st person 
f Mon (men), m. 
\ Ma (ma), f. my 

Mes (me), m. f. 
Notre (no'^tra), m. f. 
Nos (no), m. f. 

2d person 
' Ton (ten), m. 



Sing. 

Plur. 
Sing. 
Plur. 



Sing. 
Plur. 

Sing. 
Plur. 

Sing. 
Plur. 

Sing. 
Plur. 

Sing. 
Plur. 

Sing. 
Plur. 



To, (ta), f. 
Tes (te), m. f. 
Votre (vo'^trd), m. f. 
Vos (vo), m. f. 



Son (sen), m. 
Sa (sa), f. 
Ses (se), m. f. 
Leur (lur), m. f. 
Leurs (lur), m. f. 



thy 




their 



Sing. 
Plur. 



Sing. 
Plur. 



Sing. 
Plur. 



RELATIVE. 1st person 
Le mien (la mf^yan'), m. 
La mienne (la ml'^yen'), f. 
Les miens (le ml"s_,yan'), m. 
Les miennes (le mi"_,yen'), f. 
Le noire (la no'^tra), m. 
La ndtre (la no'^-tra), f. 
Les notres (le no's^tra), m. f. 

2d person 

Le Hen (la ti"_.yan'), m. 
La tienne (la tl"^yen'), f. 
Les liens (le ti"^yan'), m. 
Les tiennes (le tl"^yen'), f. 
Le votre (la vo'^tra), m. 
La votre (la vo'^tra), f. 
Les votres (le vo'^tra), m. f. 

3d person 



ours 



thine 



yours 



Le sien (la si"_yan') , m. 
La sienne (la sl"^yen'), f- 
Les siens (le sl'^yan'), m. 



his 

hers 

its 



(le sl" 

Les siennes (le s!"_yen'), f. 
Le leur (la lur), m. 

La leur (la lur), f. theirs 

Les leurs (le lur), m. f. 

Mpn, ton, son, are used before a noun feminine, when be- 
ginning with a vowel or h mute (mon dme, my soul; ton humeur, 
thy humor). For pronunciations see under CONJUNCTIVE, above. 
3. Demonstrative pronouns. 

CONJUNCTIVE 

Ce (sa), masc. before a consonant or an h aspirate. 
Get (set), masc. before a vowel or an h mute. 
Cette (set), fern, in all cases. 
Ces (se), m. f. 

EXAMPLE. Ce livre (sa li'^vra) , this book; ce heros (sa he"ro') , 
that hero; cet enfant (set^,ah"fan / ), this child; cet homme (set^, 
em), that man; cette fille (set fl'^ya), that girl; cette dme (set^, 
am), this soul; ces livres (se ll'^,vra), those books; ces hommes 
(sez^em), these men; ces enfants (sez^an"fdn'), those children. 



FRENCH GRAMMAR 



107 



RELATIVE 



Singular 

Cclui'ci (se-lwi"sl')i m. 
Celled (sel'sl'), f. 

~i-8l') 

Cclui'la (sa-lwrid'), m. 
Celle-ld (sel"^\a'),f. 
Cela (sa-la') 



Plural 



,,. / Ceux'ti (su'si'), m. 
thls {Celles'd (sel'sl'), i. 



that 



Ceux'la (su"la'). 



those 



Subject 



4. Relative pronouns. 

Qui (ki) (common to persons and things), who, which. 

Quoi (kwa), what. 

Quel (kel), quelle (kel), quels (kel), quelles (kel), 

which, what. 
Lequel (la-kel'(, laquelle (la'kel'), lesquels (le'kel'), 

lesquelles (le"kel') (common to persons and things), 

who, which, what. 

Qui (ki) (referring to persons), whom. 
Que (ka) (common to persons and things), whom, 

which. 

Quoi (kwa), what. 
De qui (da ki) (said of persons only), of whom, from 

whom, of which, from which. 

Dont (den) (common to persons and things), of whom, 
, whose, of which. 

A qui (a ki) (said of persons only), to whom. 
Lequel (la-kel'), laquelle (la"kel'), lesquels (le'kelO, 

lesquelles (le'kel') (common to persons and things), 

whom, which. 
Duquel (du"kel'), de laquelle (da la"kel'), desquels (de*- 

kel')i desquelles (de kel') (common to persons and 

things), of whom, of which, from whom, from 

Auquel (o*kelO, a laquelle (a laTcelO, auxquels (o^el'), 
auxquelles (6"kel') (common to persona and things) , 
to whom, to which. 
D'oii (du), from which. 
.Ou (u), to which. 



Object { 



5. Indefinite pronouns: on (en), one; quelqu'un 
some one; quelque (kel'^ka), some; chaque (sliok), each; I'un et 
I'autre (Ian e lo'^tra), the one and the other; quiconque (ki"- 
ken'^ka), whoever, etc. 

VERB. A verb active expresses an action and implies an 
agent and an object acted upon (elle aime son pere [el am sen 
par], she loves her father). A verb passive expresses a passion 
and the receiving of an action (elle est aimee de son pere [el et^_ 
a"me' da sen par], she is loved by her father). A verb neuter 
expresses being or a state of being (je suis [33 swl], I am; je 
dors [33 der], I sleep; je vais d Londres [33 va a leri'_,dra], I 
go to London). A verb pronominal, or conjugated with two 
pronouns, i-. reflective, when the action it implies falls upon 
the subject (je me flatte [33 ma flat], I flatter myself); neuter, 
when it marks only a state of the subject (elle se repent [el SB 
re-pan'], she repents; il s'enfuit [II san'fwl'], he ran away), 
and reciprocal, when there is a reciprocity of action between 
two or more subjects (ils s'entr'aident [II san"tra'^da], they 
help one another); it is also used impersonally (il se bdtit [II 
sa ba'tl'], there is building; i7 s'est dit [il se di], it has been said). 
Impersonal verbs arfe only used in the third person singular 
(il neige [II na'^33], it snows), and neuter verbs frequently 
assume the same form (il tint un homme [II 
there came a man). 



1GS 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



FRENCH VERBS OF REGULAR CONJUGATION 
There are three regular conjugations of French verbs: (1) donner 
(den*v_n5'), give; (2) flnir (fl'nlr'), finish; (3) vendre (vfin'^dra), 
sell. From the principal parts of the verbs, (1) the infinitive, (2) 
the present participle, (3) the past participle, (4) the present in- 
dicative, (5) and the preterit indicative, all forms of regular verbs 
may be Inferred. See Tables of Regular Verbs, below. 

Most of the French verbs are of the first regular conjugation, in 
which the Infinitive ends In -er. 

ass. 

ir 



... 



BUM 



-.<?= 
<**< 



V^2 



Uitii!* 






CO M 

33 3 



Hint" 3 



gggsa 



Z*^? 





a? 




FRENCH GRAMMAR 



169 



FRENCH IRREGULAR AND DEFECTIVE VERBS. 

In the following table (1) the Imperfect Indicative, (2) the 
Conditional, (3) the Imperative, (4) the Present Subjunctive, and 
(5) Imperfect Subjunctive are omitted. These tenses are formed: 
( i ) the Imperfect Indicative, from the present participle by chang- 
ing -ant into -ais; thus, all-ant j'all-ais, batt-ant, je batt-ais. (2) 
The Conditional is formed by adding s to the Future Tense; 
thus, je chanterai, je chanterais; je parlerai, je parlerais. (3) The 
Imperative is formed from the Indicative Present by omitting 
the pronoun (except in aller, where it is ta). Thus, je parle 
(indie, pres.); parle (imperative), and so on. There are three 
exceptions, and these are the verbs avoir (have), etre (be), and 
savoir (know). (4) The Present Subjunct ive is formed very irregu- 
larly, but may be easily ascertained from a French grammar. 
(5) The Imperfect Subjunctive is formed from the preterit indic- 
ative by the addition of -se, etc., to the second person singular; 
as, tu parlas, que je parlas-se.* 

Compound forms for all parts of a French verb, excepting 
the imperative and the past participle, are formed, as in Eng- 
lish, by adding the past participle to the various forms of the 
auxiliary verb, which is usually avoir (have), but sometimes 
f.tre (be). For example: (1) Past participle, alle; perfect in- 
finitive, etre^ alle. (2) Past participle, envoye; perfect infinitive, 
avoir envoye, etc. 

FIRST CONJUGATION 



Eng. 


Inf. Ppr. & 
PP. 


Indie. 
Present 


Preterit 


Future 


go 


aller 


je vals 


j'allai 


j'irai 




allant 


tu vas 


alias 


iras 




alle 


11 va 


alia 


ira 






n. allons 


allames 


irons 






v. allez 


allates 


irez 






1. vont 


allerent 


Iront 


send 


envoyer 


j'envoie 


j'envoyal 


j'enverrai 




envoyant 


envoles 








envoyo 


envole 










envoyons 










envoyez 










envoient 






SECOND CONJUGATION 


acquire 


acquerlr 
acQU&mnt 


j'acquiers 
t,u acqulers 


j 'acquis 
acquis 


j'acquerral 
acquerras 




acquis 


il ticquiert 


acquit 


acquerra 






u. uequcrons 


acquimes 


ae<nierrons 






v. acquerez 
1. acquierent 


acquites 
acqufrent 


aeuuerrez 
aeiuierront 


assault 


assailllr 




j'assaillis 


j'assaillirai 




assalllant 


assailles 








assallli 


assaille 










assaillons 










assalllcz 










assalllent 






boil 


boullllr 1 


je bous 


j-j bouillls 


je bouillcrai 




bouillant 


bous 








bouilll 


bout 










bouillons 










bouillez 










boulllent 






boil away 


eboulllir 










eboullll 








clothe 


vet ir 


je vets 


je vetls 


e vetirai 




ve'aiit 


vets 








vetu 


vet 










veions 










veiez 










voient 







170 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



SECOND CONJUGATION CONTINUED 



Eng. 


Inf. Ppr. & 
Pp. 


Indie. 
Present 


Preterit 


Future 


die 


mourir 


je meurs 


je niourus 


je mourrai 




mourant 


incurs 








mort 


meurt 










mourons 










mourez 










meurent 






fail 


faillir* 


je faux 


je faillis 


je faudrai 




faillant 


faux 








failli 


faut 










faillons 










faillez 










faillent 






faint 


defaillirs 


n. defaillons 


je defaillis 








v. defaillez 


ils defailli- 






defailli 


i. defaillent 


rent 




feel, smell 


sentir 


je sens 


je sentis 


je sentirui 




sentant 


sens 








sent! 


sent 










sentons 










sentez 










sentent 






fetch 


querir* 








flee 


fuir 


jefuls 


jefuis 


je fuirai 




fuyant 


fuis 








ful 


fult 










fuyons 










fuyez 










fuicnt 






flourish, 


fleurir 


je fleuris 


ie fleuris 


je fleurirai 


prosper 


flcurissant 


fleuris 








florissant 


fleurit 








fleuri 


fleurissons 










fleurissez 










fleurisscnt 






gather 


cueillir 


je cueille 


ie cueillis 


je cueillorui 




cueillant 


cueilles 








cuellll 


cueille 










cueillous 










cueille 










cueillent 






happen 


advenir 


il advient 


11 advint 111 adviendra 




advenant 










advenu 








hold 


tenir 


ie tiens 


ie tins 


je tiendral 




tenant 


tiens 








tenu 


tient 










tenons 










teiiez 










tiennent 






lie 


gesir* 


git 






(ill or 


gisant 


gisons 






dead) 




iscz 










glaent 






open 


ouvrir 


I'ouvre 


'ouvris 


j'ouvrirai 




ouvrant 


ouvres 








ouvert 


ouvre 










ouvrons 










ouvrez 










ouvrent 






run 


courlr 


ie cours 


e courus 


je courrai 




ourant 


cours 








couru 


court 










courons 










courcz 








courent 





FHFA'OH GRAMMAR 



171 



SECOND CONJUGATION CONTINUED 



Eng. 


Inf. Ppr. & 
Pp. 


Indie. 

Present 


Preterit 


Future 


serve 


servir 


je sere 


je servid 


je servirai 




servant 


sere 








servi 


sort 










servons 










servez 










servent 






sleep 


rtormlr 


je dora 


je dormis 


je dormlral 




dormant 


dora 








clormi 


dort 










dormons 










dormez 










dorment 






strike 


ferir 










feru 









THIRD CONJUGATION 


>e able 


pouvolr 


je peux or je 


je pus 


je pourral 




pouvant 


peux [puis 


pas 


pourras 




pu 


peut 


put 


pourra 






pouvons 


pumes 


oourrons 






pouvez 


putes 


pourrez 






peuvent 


purent 


pourront 


>ecome, 


seolr' 


11 sied 




il si era 


befit 


scant 


Us sieent 




ils sieront 


all. 


dechoirs 


je dechois 


je dechus 


je decherrai 


lose 




dechoia 








dechu 


dechoit 










dechoyons 










dechoyez 










dechoient 






all due, 


echolr 


11 echolt or 


11 echut 


il echerra 


expire 


echeant 


11 echet 








echu 








oresee 


prevolr 
prevoyant 


je prevols 
prevols 


ie previs 


je prevoirai 




prevu 


prevoit 










prevoyons 










prevoyez 










prevoient 






avc 


avoir 


j'ai 


j'eus 


j 'aural 




ayant 


as 








eu 


a 










avons 










avez 










ont 






atom 


savolr" 


je sals 


je sus 


ie saurai 




.sachant 


sals 








su 


salt 










savons 










savez 










savent 






DOTC 


mouvoir 


je i IH'US 


je mus 


|e mouvrai 




mouvant 


metis 




i 




mu 


mout 










mouvons 










mouvcz 










meuvent 






>e neces- 


falloirii 


11 faut 


11 fallut 


il faudra 


sary 


fallu 








trevafl 


prevaloir 


je prevaux 


Je prevalus 


je prevaudrai 




prevalant 


provaux 








prevalu 


prevaut 










prevalons 










prevalez 










prevalent 







172 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



THIRD CONJUGATION CONTINUED 



Eng. 


Inf. Ppr. & 
Pp. 


Indie. 
Present 


Preterit 


Future 


promote 


promouvoir 12 










promu 








provide 


pourvoir 


ie pourvois 


je pourvus 


ie pourvoirai 




pourvoyant 


pourvois 








pourvu 


pourvoit 










pourvoyons 










pourvoyez 










pourvoient 






put off, 


surseoir 


je sursois 


je sursis 


je surseoirai 


suspend 


sursoyant 


sursois 








sursis 


sursoit 










sursoyong 










sursoyez 










sursoient 






rain 


pleuvoir 


il pleut 


il plut 


il pleuvra 




pleuvant 










plu 








recover, 


ravoir 13 








have 










again 










see 


voir 


je vois 


je vis 


je verrai 




voyant 


vois 








vu 


voit 










voyons 










voyez 










voient 






set 


asseolr 


j'assieds 


j 'assis 


j'assierai or 




asseyant 


assieds 




j'asooirai 




assis 


assied 










asseyons 










asseyez 










asseient 






sit, 


seoir< 








be will ing, 


vouloir 1 * 


je veux 


je voulus 


je voudrai 


will, be 


voulant 


veux 






inclined 


voulu 


veut 










voulons 










voulez 










veulent 






be worth 


valoir 1 * 


je vaux 


je valus 


je vaudrai 




valant 


vaux 








valu 


vaut 










valons 










valcz 










valent 







FOURTH CONJUGATION 


absolve 


absoudre 


j*absous 


wanting 


j'absoudrai 




absolvant 


absous 




absoudras 




absous (m.) 


absout 




absoudra 




absoute (/.) 


absolvons 




absoudrons 






absolvez 




absoudrez 






absolvent 




absoudront 


abstract 


abstraire 


j'abstrais 


wanting 


j'abstrairal 




abstrayant 


abstrais 








abstrait 


abstrait 










abstrayons 










abstrayez 










abstraient 






appear 


paraitre 


je parais 


je par us 


je paraitrai 




paraissant 


parais 








paru 


parait 










paraissons 










paraissez 










paraissent 







FRENCH GRAMMAR 



173 



FOURTH CONJUGATION CONTINUED 



Eng. 


Inf. Ppr. & 
Pp. 


Indie. 
Present 


Preterit 


Future 


be 


etre 


je suis 


je fus 


je serai 




etant 


es 








ete 


est 










sommes 
etes 










sont 






beat 


battre 


je bats 


je battls 


je battrai 




battant 


bats 








battu 


bat 










battons 










battez 










battent 






believe 


croire 


je crois 


je crus 


je crolral 




croyant 


crois 








cru 


croit 










croyons 










croyez 










croient 






be born 


naitre 


je nais 


je naquis 


|e naitrai 




naissant 


nais 










nait 








ne 


naissons 










naissez 










naissent 






bray 


bralre 


11 brait 




11 braira 


break 


rompre 


je romps 


je rompis 


ie romprai 




rompant 


romps 








rompu 


rompt 










rompons 










rompez 










rompent 






circumcise 


clrconcire 


je circoncis 


je circoncis 


je circonciral 




circoncisant 


circoncis 








circoncis 


circoncit 










circoncl- 










sons 










clrconcisez 










clrconci- 










sent 






close 


clore" 


je clos 




je cloral 






tu clos 








clos 


11 clot 






conclude 


conclure 


je conclus 


je conclus 


je conclural 




concluant 


conclus 








conclu 


conclut 










concluons 










concluez 










concluent 






conquer 


vaincre 
vairquant 


je vaincs 
values 


je vainquls 


je vaincrai 




valncu 


vainc 










vainquons 










vaiuquez 










valnqucnt 






curse 


maudire 


je maudis 


je maudis 


je maudlral 




maudissant 


maudis 








maudit 


maudit 










maudissons 










maudlssez 










maudissent 






dawn; 


poindre 


11 point 




11 poindra 


sting 











174 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



FOURTH CONJUGATION CONTINUED 



Eng. 


Inf. Ppr. & 
Pp. 


Indie. 
Present 


Preterit 


Future 


drink 


boire 


je bois 


je bus 


je boirai 




buvant 


bois 








bu 


bolt 










buvons 










buvez 










boivent 






feed 


repaitre 


je repais 


je repus 


je repaitrai 




repaissant 


repais 








repu 


repait 










repaissons 










repaissez 










repaissent 






follow 


suivre 


je suis 


je suivis 


je suivrai 




suivant 


suis 








suivi 


suit 










suivons 










suivez 










suivent 






forfeit, 


forfaire a 18 








trespass 










be false to 










(make) 


frire 


je fris 




je frirai 


fry 


(faire) 


tu fris 








frit 


il frit 






graze 


paitre 


je pais 




je oaitrai 




palssant 


pais 








pu 


pait 










paissons 










paissez 










paissent 






grind 


moudre 


je mouds 


je moulub 


je moudrai 




moulant 


mouds 








nioulu 


moud 










moulons 










moulez 










moulent 






grow 


croitre 


je crois 


je crus 


ie croitrai 




croissant 


crois 








cru 


croit 










croissons 










croissez 










croissent 






hatch 


eclore 


il eclot 




il eclora 


blow (of 


eclos 


ils eclosent 




ils ecloront 


flowers) 










hurt, to 


nuire a 


je nuis 


ie nuisis 


ie nuirai 


injure 


nuisant 


nuis 








nul 


nuit 










nuisons 










uuisez 










nuisent 






join 


jolndre 


je joins 


|e joignis 


e joindral 




joignant 


joins 








joint 


joint 










joignons 










joignez 










joignent 






laugh 


rlre de 


jeris 


jeris 


je riral 




riant 


ris 








rl 


rit 










rions 










riez 










rient 







FRENCH GRAMMAR 



FOURTH CONJUGATION CONTINUED 



Eng. 


Inf. Ppr. & 
Pp. 


Indie. 
Present 


Preterit 


Future 


live (on 


vlvre de 


je vis 


je v6cus 


Je vivrai 


or upon) 


vlvant 


vis 








vecu 


vlt 










vivons 










vivez 










vivent 






make, do 


faire 


jefais 


jefis 


je feral 




falsant 


fais 








fait 


fait 










faisons 










faites 










font 






make one 


accrolre 20 








believe 


1. e. falre ac- 










crolre a 








pickle. 


confire 


|e conns 


e confls 


je conflral 


preserve 


connsant 


conns 








conflt 


conflt 










conflsons 










conflsez 










conflsent 






please 


plaire 


je plals 


e plus 


e plalrai 




plaisant 


plals 








plu 


plait 










plalsons 










plaisez 










plaisent 






put 


mettre 


le mets 


e mis 


e mettral 




mettant 


mets 








mis 


met 










mettons 










mettez 










mettent 






read 


lire 


jells 


elus 


ellrai 




lisant 


Its 








lu 


lit 










lisons 










ILsez 










lisent 






reduce 


reduire 


e reduis 


e redulsis 


e reduiral 




reduisant 


reduis 








redult 


reduit 










reduisons 










reduisez 










reduisent 






resolve 


resoudre 


e resous 


e resolus 


e resoudrai 




resolvant 


resous 








resolu or 


resout 








resous 


resolvons 










resolvez 










resolvent 






result 


s'ensulvre 


1 s'ensult 


1 s'ensuivit 


1 s'ensuivra 


from 


ensuivant 










ensulvi 








roar, to 


jruire 21 








rustle 


bruyant 








say 


dire 


e dis 


edis 


edlral 




dlsant 


dls 








dlt 


dit 










dlsons 










(iitcs 










disent 







176 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



FOURTH CONJUGATION CONTINUED 



Eng. 


Inf. Ppr. & 
Pp. 


Indie. 
Present 


Preterit 


Future 


sew 


coutire 


je couds 


je cousis 


je coudrai 




cousant 


couds 








cousu 


coud 










cousons 










cousez 










consent 






shine 


lulre 


je luis 




je luirai 




uisant 


luis 








lui 


luit 










luisons 










luisez 










luisent 






slander 


meclire de 


e media 


e medis 


je medirai 




medisant 


medis 








medit 


medit 










medisons 










medisez 










medisent 






suffice 


sufflre (a) 


e suffls 


e sums 


e sufflrai 




sufflsant 


sums 








suffl 


sufflt 










sufflsons 










sufflsez 










sufflsent 






take 


prendre 


e prends 


e prig 


e prendrai 




>renant 


prends 








prla 


prend 










prenons 










prenez 










prennent 






write 


ecrire 


'ecris 


'ecrivis 


'ecrirai 




ccrivant 


ecris 








ecrit 


ecrit 










ecrivons 










ecrivez 










ecrivent 







*The subjunctive present of aller is que j'aille, que tu allies, qu'il 
aille, que nous allions, que vous alliez, qu'ils allient. The subjunc- 
tive imperfect is que j'allasse, que tu allasses, qu'il allot, que nous 
allassions, que vous allassiez, qu'ils allassent. 

NOTES: 'The verb faire (make, do) is commonly used to conju- 
gate this verb; as, faire bouillir, etc., except when used directly in 
the 3d person singular and plural. 2 Is used infrequently but in the 
preterit, the compound tenses, and in the infinitive, after another 
verb. 'The imperfect indicative is used: Je difaillnis. The Academy 
states, however, that the verb is seldom used except in the plural. 
<Used only in familiar speech and in the infinitive after aller, envoy er, 
rcnir. 'Imperfect indicative is used: je gisals, etc. 'Infinitive used 
only in the phrase sans coup ferir, "without striking a blow." 'Is 
used only in the 3d person. Has no compound tenses. 'Indicative 
imperfect: je dechoyais, etc. 'Commonly used only in the 3d person. 
'"Imperative: sachc, sachons, sachez. Indicative imperfect is je 
xniain, etc. "Imperative wanting. // fallalt is used. 12 Used only 
in the infinitive, in the compound tenses, and in the imperfect of 
the subjunctive. "Used only in the infinitive. 14 Used only in the 
two participles: seant; sis. ''Imperative 2d person plural is veuillez, 
please to. "Imperative wanting. "Used in all the compound tenses. 
18 Used only in the infinitive and compound tenses. J To supply the 
tenses and persons lacking the verb fatre is used. "Always used with 
the verb faire and only in the infinitive. "Indicative imperfect: tf 
bruyait (sing.). Us bruyaient (plural). 



FRENCH GRAMMAR 



177 



'IRREGULAR AND DEFECTIVE VERBS 
Conjugated In the same way as the verbs in the preceding table. 
For explanation of symbols used to Indicate pronunciation, see 
PRONUNCIATION, pages vill-xll. 

First Conjugation 
English French See 



go away 


s'en aller 


san^al'^le' 


go 


send back 


renvoyer 


rah'vwa"^y6' 


send 


Second Conjugation 


abstain 


s'abstenir 


sabs'^ta-nlr' 


hold 


agree 


consentir 


ken'san'tlr' 


feel 


agree (In com- 


1 






pound tenses 


[ convenlr 


keh'^vs-nlr' 


hold 


with etre 








arrive 


parvenlr 


oor* VcHnlr' 


u 


befall 


survenir 


sur'^Tva-nlr' 


u . 


become 


devenir 


da-va-nlr' 


u 




\ 






again 


| redevenlr 


ra-da-va-nlr* 


" 


belie 


dementlr 


d^'man'tlr 7 


feel 


belong to 


appartenir 


ap*^,par*^ta-nlr / 


hold 


boil again 


rebouilllr 


ra-bQ* ylr' 


boll 


circumvent 


circonvenir 


slr'ken* va-nlr' 


hold 


clear (a table) 


desservir 


des'sar''^^' 


serve 


clothe oneself 


se vetir 


sa-va"tlr / 


clothe 


clothe again 


revetir 


ra-va'tlr' 


** 


collect oneself 


se recueilllr 


88 ra-ku'ylr' 


gather 


come 


venir 


va-nlr* 


hold 


come back 


revenlr 


ra-va-nlr' 





concur 


concourir 


ken /f kQ"rIr / 


run 


conquer 


conquerir 


keh'ke'rlr' 


acquire 


contain 


contenir 


kon* N_, 1 9-iiir 7 


hold 


cover 


couvrir 


kQ'vrlr' 


open 


cover again 


recouvrir 


ra-kQ'vrlr' 


u 


deny 


dlsconvenlr 


dls*k0n* vd-nlr 7 


hold 


desist 


se departir de 


sa de"par"tlr / da 


feel 


discover 


decouvrlr 


d6*kQ"vrIr' 


open 


distribute 


repartlr 


rg'par'tlr' 


feel 


divest of 
(prejudice) 


| deprevenlr 


dg'prg'^va-mr' 


hold 


vest oneself 


se revetir 


sa rS'vg'tlr' 


clothe 


dress again 


revetir 


r&-vetlr' 





entertain 


entretenir 


an'^tra-ta-nlr' 


hold 


fall asleep 


s'endormlr 


san'der'mlr' 


sleep 


fall asleep 
again 


> se rendormlr 


sa ran'der'mlr' 


- 


feel 


ressentir 


ra-san'tlr' 


feel 


feel effects of 


se ressentir de 


sa ra-san*tlr / da 




forbear 


se retenir 


sa ra-ta-nlr' 


hold 


foresee 


pressentir 


pres'^.san'tlr' 


feel 


forewarn 


prgvenlr 


prfi'va-nlr* 


hold 


gather 1 
together ] 


recueilllr 


ra-ku'^ylr' 


gather 


go out 


sortir 


sSr'tlr' 


feel 


go out again 


ressortir 


ra-ser'tlr' 





happen 


survenir 


sur*^,va-nlr' 


hold 


hasten to 


accourir 


ok* ^ kd* N- , rlr* 


run 


have recourse \ 
to 


recourir a 


ra-kQ'rlr' a 





ill-treat 


desservir 


des-^.sar'vlr' 


serve 


incur 


encourir 


an'kQ'rlr' 


run 


infringe 


contrevenlr 


kon'^tra-va-nlr' 


hold 


inquire 


s'enquerlr 


san'kg'rlr' 


acquire 


intervene 


Intervenlr 


an'tfir'va-nlr' 


hold 


lie 


mentlr 


man'tlr' 


feel 


lull to sleep 


endormir 


an'dSr'mlr' 


sleep 



178 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



English 


French 




See 


maintain 1 


maintenir 


man'ta-nlr' 


hold 


maintain* 


soutenir 


sQ"ta-n!r' 





make use of 


se servir 


sa sar'vlr' 


serve 


maltreat 


desservir 


des'^sar'vlr' 




obtain 


obtenir 


eb'^ta-ulr' 


hold 


offer 


offrir 


of* frlr' 


open 


open 


ouvrir 


u'vTlr' 





open again 


rouvrir 


ru"vrlr' 





prepossess 


prevenir 


pre"_V8-n!r' 


hold 


proceed from 


provenir 


pro'^va-nlr' 





provide for 


subvenir a 


sub'va-nlr' a 





recollect 


se souvenir de 


sa su"^va-nlr' da 





reconquer 
refrain from 


reconquerir 
se contenir 


ra-ken"ke'rlr' 
sa ken'ta-nlr' 


acquire 
hold 


remember 


se ressouvenir 


sa ra-su'^va-nlr' 





repent 


se repentir 


sa ra-pan'tlr' 


feel 


request 


requerir 


ra-ke"rlr' 


acquire 


retain 


retenir 


rs-ta-nlr' 


hold 


run away 


s'enfuir 


san'fwlr' 


flee 


run over 


parcourir 


par*ku"rlr' 


run 


set off again 


repartir 


ra-par"tlr / 


feel 


set out 


partir 


par'tlr' 





sleep again 


8e rendormir 


sa ran"der"mlr' 


sleep 


start up 


tressaillir 


tres" ,_ sa 1* ^ ylr* 


assault 


succor 


secourir 


sa-kQ'rlr' 


run 


suffer 


souffrir 


suf frlr' 


open 


suit 


convenir 


keh"va-nlr' 


hold 


swerve from 


se departir de 


sa de'par'tlr' da 


feel 


talk about 


discourir de 


d!s"ku"rir' da 


run 


uncover 


decouvrir 


de'kQ'vrlr' 


open 


underbid 


mesoffrir 


me'zef^frlr' 





undress 


devetir 


de'va'tlr* 


clothe 


welcome 


acceuillir 


ak"ku'^ylr / 


gather 


Third Conjugation 


be concerned 


s'emouvoir 


86'ma'vwar' 


move 


be equivalent 


equivaloir 


e'kl'val'war' 


prevail 


be moved 


s' emouvoir 


se-mQ'^vdr' 


move 


be unbecoming 


messeoir 


mes'^swar' 


become 


fall again 


rechoir 


ra-sliwar' 


fall 


glimpse (get a) 


entrevoir 


an'tra-vwar' 


see 


leave un- 
provided 


depourvoir 


de'pur'vwar' 


provide 


move 


emouvoir 


e'mQ'vwar' 


move 


pay back 








return 


revaloir 


ra-varwar* 


prevail 


like for like 








replace 








reset 


rasseoir 


ras'^swar' 


sit 


reseat 








resee 
see again 


revoir 


ra-vwar' 


see 


see each other 


s'entrevoir 


san'tra^vwar' 





sit down 


s'asseoir 


sas'^swar' 


set 


stir up 


emouvoir 


e'mu'vsvar' 


move 


take advan- 
tage of 


se prevaloir de 


sa pre'varwar' da 


prevail 


Fourth Conjugation 


abate 


rabattre 


ra'bat'^-tra 


beat 


abstract 


abstraire 


abs'trar' 


milk 


acknowledge 


reconnaitre 


ra-ken*^,nft'^,tra 


appear 


adjoin 


adjoindre 


ad^jwan's dra 


join 


admit 


admettre 


ad'met'^tra 


put 


allow 


permettre 


pgr*uit/ tra 


u 


anoint 


oindre 


wan'^dra 


join 



FRENCH GRAMMAR 



179 



English French 




See 


aP t P o ? sight japparaitre 


ap^pa'ra'^tra 


appear 


aP be e fo r re court) comparaitre 


ken'pa'ra'^tra 





appear again reparaitre 


ra-pa'ra'^tra 


ft 


ask too much surf a Ire 


sur'far' 


make 


astonish surprendre 


sur*pran'^dra 


take 


avoid se soustraire (a) 


sa sOs'trar 7 (a) 


milk 


back se rabattre 


sa ra'bat'^tra 


beat 


bake cuire 


kwlr 


reduce 


bake again recuire 


ra-kwlr' 





beacquainted 1 
with / connaitre 


kon'na'^/tra 


appear 


be afraid craindre 


kran'_dra 


Join 


be born again renaitre 


ra-na'^tra 


born 


be d , 1 f h jleased Ise deplaire 


sa dg'piar' 


please 


limitation } 8e P rescrlre 


pres'krlr' 


write 


brat again rebattre 


ra-bat'^,tra 


beat 


belie dedire 


d6*dlr' 


slander 


bow out econdutre 


6ken"dwlr' 


reduce 


bribe seduire 


se'dwlr' 





bring down rabattre 


ra*bat'^,tra 


beat 


build construire 


ken'strwlr' 


reduce 


build again reconstruire 


ra-ken'strwlr' 




chide reprendre 


ra-pran'^dra 


take 


choose el ire 


S^IIr 7 


read 


circumscribe circonscrire 


slr^ken'skrlr' 


write 


clasp etreindre 


e-tran'^dra 


join 


color telndre 


tan'dra 




combat combattre 


ken'bat'^tra 


beat 


commit commettre 




put 


complain se plalndre 


sa plahCdra 


Join 


compromise compromettre 


kefTpro'met'^trd 


put 


compromise 1 
oneself 1 compromettre 


se ken'pro'met'^ 
tra 




conceal talre 


tar 


please 


conduct conduire 


ken'dwlr' 


reduce 


conduct again reconUuire 


ra-ken'dwlr' 




confine restreindre 


res'tran'^dra 


Join 


confine oneself s'astreindre 


sas'tran'^dra 




conjoin conjoindre 


ken'gwan'^dra 


a 


constrain contraindre 


ken'tran'^dra 





contradict contredire 


ken'tra-dlr' 


slander 


construct construire 


ken'strwlr' 


reduce 


convince convaincre 


ken'van'^kra 


conquer 


cook cuire 


kwlr 


reduce 


cook again recuire 


ra-kwlr' 




correct, oneself se reprendre 


sa ra-pran'^clra 


take 


corrupt corrompre 


kor^ron'^^pra 


break 


debate debattre 


dg'bflt' tra 


beat 


decay se de'truire 


sa dC'trwIr' 


reduce 


decrease decroitre 


d(l"kr\va ^_,trs 


grow 


deduct d6dulre 


dfi'dwtr' 


reduce 


soustraire 


sus'trar* 


milk 


delight se complalre 


sa keA'piar* 


please 


delight In se repaitre 




feed 


describe dgcrire 


dg'krlr' ~ 


write 


depeindre 


dg'pan'dra 


Join 


destroy de'truire 


dg'tnvlr' 


reduce 


disappear disparaitre 
disbelieve mecroire 


dls'pa'ra'^tra 
mt-'knvur' 


appear 
believe 


discolor deteindre 


dfi'tan'^dra 


join 


disengage deprendre 
disjoin dejoindre 


dg'prcin'dra 


take 
join 


disjolndre 
dislocate demettre 


dls'swan'^dra 
de'met'tra 


put 



180 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



English 


French 




See 


disown 


dedlre 


de'dlr' 


slander 




meconnaitre 


mc^kon^S' t>T9 


appear 


displease 


deplaire 


de'^iar* 


please 


dissolve 


dissoudre 


dls'su'^dra 


absolve 


distract 


distraire 


dls'trar 7 


milk 


divert 





tt 




do over 


enduire 


an'dwlr' 


reduce 


drink again 


reboire 


ra-bwar* 


drink 


dye 


telndre 


tan'^dra 


join 


elect 


ellre 


e-llr' 


read 


elect again 


reelire 


re'e'llr' 




emit 


emettre 


e*met' s^tra 


put 


enclose 


enceindre 


an"san'_dra 


join 





enclore 


an"kl5r' 


close 


encompass 


ceindre 


san'^dra 


join 


enjoin 


enjoindre 


ah"3wan'^dra 





enter one's 1 
name J 


s'lnscrire 


sans'^krlr' 


write 


escape 


se soustralre (a) 


sa sus'trar' (a) 


milk 


exclude 


exclure 


eks'kliir' 


conclude 


expose 


compromettre 


ken"pro"met'^,tra 


put 


extinguish 


eteindre 


6'tan'^dra 


join 


extract 


extraire 


eks"trar' 


milk 


fall Ha/tlr 1 








iaii oacK 
upon J 


se rabattre 


sa ra'bat'^tra 


beat 


fall down 


s'abattre 


sa'bat'^-tra 





fear 


craindre 


kran'v^dra 


Join 


feign 


feindre 


fan'^dra 





fetch 


aveindre 


a"van'^,dra 





nght 


se battre 


sa bdt'^tra 


beat 


nght 


combattre 


ken'bat'^tra 




nnedraw 


rentraire 


ran'trar' 


milk 


forbid 


Interdlre 


an'tgr"dlr / 


slander 


foreclose 


forclore 


fer'kler' 


close 


foretell 


predire 


pre'dlr* 


slander 


forget 1 
oneself J 


[ se meconnaitre 


sa mg'ken'na'^tra 


appear 


fry again 


refrire 


ra-frtr* 


fry 


get rid 


se defalre 


sa d6"far / 


make 


gird 


ceindre 


san'^dra 


join 


glitter 


relulre 


ra-m*wlr / 


shine 


grind over 1 
again J 


[ remoudre 




grind 


grow again 


recroitre 


ra-krwa'^tra 


grow 


grow out 


surcroitre 


siir^krwo' tra 




hear of 


apprendre 


op* -_. prfin\^dr a 


take 


humor 


complalre 


ken'piar' 


please 


imitate 


contrefaire 


ken'tra-far* 


make 


Imprint 


empreindre 


an"pran'-_dra 


join 


Include 


comprendre 


kon"pran'^dra 


take 


increase 


accroitre 


ak'krwa'^tra 


grow 


induce 


Induire 


afiMwIr* 


reduce 


infringe 


enfreindre 


on'fran'dra 


join 


inscribe 


Inscrire 


ans'krlr' 


write 


instruct 


Insti uire 


ans'trwlr' 


reduce 


interdict 


Interdlre 


an'tardlr* 


slander 


interpose 


s'entremettre 


san'^tra-met'^tra 


put 


interrupt 


interrompre 


an'ter'^ren'^pra 


break 


introduce 


Introduire 


ah'tro'dwlr' 


reduce 


issue 


emettre 


e'met'v^tra i 


put 


join again 


rejoindre 


ra-swan'^dra 


join 


keep secret 


taire 


tar 


please 


kill oneself 


se detruire 


sa dg'trwlr* 


reduce 


know 


connaitre 


ken*na'^,tr9 


appear 


laugh at 


se rire 


sa rtr 


laugh 


lay the tire 
of a wheel 


1 embattre 


an'bfit'tra 


beat 


lead 


condulre 


ken'dwir' 


reduce 



FRENCH GRAMMAR 



181 



English 


French 




See 


learn 


apprendre 


ap^pr<5n'_dra 


take 


learn again 


rapprendre 


rap'pran'^dra 


a 


loosen 


deprendre 


de-pran'^dra 


" 


make again 


refaire 


ra-far' 


make 


meddle 


s'entremettre 


san'^tra-met'^tra 


put 


melt 


dissoudre 


dis*_su'^dra 


absolve 


mistake 


se meprendre 


sa mg'pran'dra 


take 


moan 


gelndre 


San'^dra 


join 


not to know 


meconnaitre 


me'ken'^na'^tra 


appear 


outlaw 


proscrire 


pros'krlr 7 


write 


outlive 


survivre (a) 


siir"vl'^vra (a) 


live 


omit 


omettre 


o'met'tra 


put 


overtake 


attelndre 


at'tan'^dra 


join 


overtake 
again 


| rattelndre 


rat'tan'^dra 


" 


paint 


peindre 


pan'_dra 


a 


paint again 


repeindre 


ra-pah'^dra 


" 


perfect 


parfalre 


parfar* 


make 


permit 


permettre 


par'met'tra 


put 


pursue 


suivre 


swl'^vra 


follow 


pity 


plaindre 


plan'^dra 


join 


plaster 


enduire 


an'dwlr' 


reduce 


piaster anew 


renduire 


ran'dwlr' 




please 
to humor 


1 complalre 


ken'pl&r' 


please 


predict 


predire 


pre'dir* 


slander 


prescribe 


prescrire 


pres'krlr' 


write 


produce 


produire 


pro'dwlr* 


reduce 


promise 


promettre 


pro'met'^tra 


put 


prosecute 


poursuivre 


pQfswI'vra 


follow 


proscribe 


proscrire 


pros'krlr' 


write 


pull down 


abattre 


a'bat'tra 


beat 


reach 


atteindre 


at'^tah'^,dra 


join 


read again 


rellre 


ra-llr* 


read 


read over 
previously 


} prellre 


pre'llr* 


" 


recant 


sededire 


sa d6*dlr' 


slander 


recognize 


reconnaitre 


ra-ken* ^na'^tra 


appear 


recover 


se refaire 


sa re-far* 


make 


redeem 
an estate 


| retralre 


ra-trar' 


milk 


refuse 


econdulr 


6'ken'dwlr 1 


reduce 


remain silent 


se talre 


sa tar 


please 


reproduce 


reprodulre 


ra-pro'dwlr* 


reduce 


replace 


remettre 


ra-met'^tra 


put 


resign 


se demettre de 


sa dfi'met's^tra da 




restrain 


restreindre 


res'tran'^dra 


join 


retract 


se dedire 


sa de'dlr* 


slander 


revive 


renaitre 


ra-na'^,tra 


born 


u 


revlvre 


ra-vl'^vra 


live 


satisfy 


satlsfalre 


sa'tls'far' 


make 


say again 


redire 


ra-dlr* 


say 


seduce 


seclulrc 


sfi'dwlr* 


reduce 


set again 


remettre 


ra-met'v^tra 


put 


set forth 


emettre 


Smet'^,tra 




sharpen 


emoudre 


emu dra 


grind 


sharpen 
again 


] rtmoudre 


rg'mQ'^dra 












glitter) 


relulre 


ra-lwlr* 


shine 


shine a little 


entre-lulre 


an'tra-lwlr* 


u 


shut up 


reclure 


ra-kiur' 


conclude 


smile 


sour ire 


su'rtr' 


laugh 


squeeze out 


6preindre 


fi'pran'^dra 


join 


struggle 


se debattre 


sa de'bflt'^tra 


beat 


subdue 


soumettre 


sfl'met'^tra 


put 


subject 


astreindre 


as*tran'_dra 


join 


submit 


soumettre 


sQ'met'^tra 


put 



182 



SOME ELEMENTS OF 



English 


French 




See 


subscribe 


souscrire 


sus'krir' 


write 


subtract 


soustraire 


sus"trar' 


milk 


surprize 


surprendre 


sur'pran'^dra 


take 


survive 


survivre (a) 


siir*vi'x_xVra 


live 


take again 


reprendre 


re-pran'^dra 


take 


take from 


aveindre 


a*van'_dra 


join 










pleasure J 


s'ebattre 


se'bat'^tra 


beat 


take out 


aveindre 


a'van'^dra 


join 


take to pieces 


deconstruire 


de'ken'strwlr' 


reduce 


thin (syrups, \ 
etc.) j 


decuire 


de'kwlr' 




thirst after 


se repaitre 


sa ra-pa'^tra 


feed 


tie close 


etreindre 


e"tran'_dra 


join 


transcribe 


transcrire 


trahs"krlr / 


write 


transgress 


enfreindre 


an"fran'_dra 


join 


translate 


traduire 


tra'dwlr' 


reduce 


transmit 


transmettre 


trans*met'^,tra 


put 


turn 


se rabattre 


sa ra"bcit'_tra 


beat 


turn off 


u u 





* 


understand 


comprendre 


ken'pran'^dra 


take 


undertake 


entreprendre 


an / "_,tra-prah'dra 





unclose 


declore 


de'^kler' 


closo 


undo 


defaire 


de'far' 


make 


undo again 


redefaire 


ra-de'far' 




unlearn 


desapprendre 


de"za"pran'_dra 


take 


unsay 


dedire 


de'dir' 


slander 


unsew 


decoudre 


de'ku'^dra 


coudre 


whet 


emoudre 


e"mu'_,dra 


grind 


whine 


geindre 


gan'^dra 


join 


write again 


recrire 


rg'krlr' 


write 



ADVERB. So called because it most frequently accompanies 
the verb. There are in French several kinds of adverbs of 



which the following are the principal: (1) Place (ailleurs 
yur'], elsewhere); (2) Time (aujourd'hui [5"3ur"^dwi'], to:iy; 
(3) Quantity (assez [as"se'], enough) ; (4) Manner or Compari- 
son (ensemble [arVscin'^bla], altogether); (5) Affirmation or 
Doubt (certainement [sar"tan"mdn / ], certainly); (6) Negation 
(noji [neh], no). 

Adverbs are generally formed by adding -ment to the ad- 
jective in its feminine form: parfait (par / "fa') ) masculine; par- 
faite (par"fat'), feminine; adverb, parfaitement (par"'fa"ta-man'). 

Several adverbs are employed interrogatively, as: Qi:<ind 
partez*vousf [kan par"te' vii], when are you going? They form 
their degrees of comparison like the adjectives, with the ex- 
ception of the following three which are irregular in the com- 
parative degree : bien, bl"^yan' (well); mienx, mi"s_,yii' (better); 
mal, mal (badly); pis, pi (worse); and pcu, pu (little); mn/n*, 
mw.-in (less). The superlative relative of these three adverbs is 
respectively: le mieux, le pis and le mains, and the superlative 
absolute tres (tra) bien, tres mal and tres pen. 

Adverbs are placed immediately after the verb in French, not 
before, as in English. 

I never saw him. Je ne I'ai jamais mi: 39 na la 3a"ma' vli. 

He often comes here. II ment souvent id: II vl"s_yan' su'Vdn' 
I"sl'. 

I always speak French. Je parle toujours franqais: 
tu ff 3ur' fran"sa'. 

They seldom go out. Us sortent rarement: II sert ra"^ra-man'. 

Adverbs of quantity require de before the next noun. 

He has money enough. II a assez d'argent: II a as"se' dar"/;cin'. 

They have much wit. Its ont beaucoup d' esprit: listen bo"ku' 
des'pri'. 



FRENCH GRAMMAR is: 1 , 

Few people think. Peu de gens pensent: pu da 3_an pans. 
He never has money. II n'a jamais d' argent: II nu 30" ma' 



arant (a"vdn'), before; apres (a"pre'), after; des (da), since; 
pendant (pan" dan'), while, etc.; (G) of place; as, dans (dan), 
in; en (ah), in, within, on, to, at, like, as a, out of, by, for; 



PREPOSITION. A particle that denotes the relation of 
an object to an action or thing. In French some have been 
formed from nouns, as malgre (mofgrtO, notwithstanding; 
from adjectives, as sauf (sof), except; from imperatives, as 
voici = vois id (vwa"sl'), here is; from present participles, us 
durant (du"rdh'), during; pendant (pan"ddn'), while; touclian' 
(tu"-hun'), concerning, etc.; or from past participles, as vu 
(vu), considering; attendu que (at"tah"du' ke), seeing that; 
excepte (ek"sep"te'), except, save; hormis (er"mi'), saving, etc. 

The relations expressed are (1) of position; as, d (a), at; 
contre (kori'tra), against; jusque (jiis'ka), as far as, until; (2) 
of starting point; as, de (da), of, from; par (par), by; (3) of di- 
rection; as, vers (var), toward; (4) of manner; as, avec (a"vek'), 
with; par (par), through; sons (sah), without; (5) of time; as, 

), after; des (da), since; 
of place; as, dans (dan), 
. ;ke, as a, out of, by, for; 

cf/ez (lie), at the house of, at, to, in, the native place of; devant 
(da-vein') , before; derriere (dar" v- ,rryar'), behind; sur (siir), on; 
sous (su), under; entre (dn'^tra), between; parmi (par"mi'), 
among. 

Almost every French grammar points out the fact that the 
correct use of prepositions can be taught by practise alone. 
The chief difficulty arises from the fact that there are about 
400 words adjectives, verbs, and participles that must be 
connected with the infinitive that follows sometimes by aid 
of a preposition, often without this aid; as, "II ambitionne de 
conquerir" (II an"bi"sl"yeh'^na da koh"ke"nr') : "He is ear- 
nestly desirous of conquering," or "He desires earnestly to 
conquer;" "II veut conquerir" (II vu ken"ke"r!r') : "He wishes 
to conquer." 

Sometimes prepositions must be introduced in French when 
there are none in the English sentence one wishes to utter; 
as, "Je doute de cela" (33 dut da sa-ld'): "I doubt that"; "II 
a nui a mon frdre" (II a nwl a men frar): "He has injured my 
brother." 

I.ik'-wise, sometimes, but infrequently, the preposition in an 
English sentence is suppressed in French: We listen to the 
chaplain: Nous 6coutona le chapelain (nuz^e"ku"ten' la shc/'- 
pa-lan'). 

CONJUNCTION. A part of speech which serves to con- 
nect words or sentences. In French they are classified as: (1) 
Copulative conjunctions, conjunctions expressing addition or ex- 
pansion; as, et (e), and; awsst (os'sl'), also. (2) Alternative 
conjunctions, or those that introduce an alternative; as, ou (u), 
or; ni (ni), nor. (3) Coordinate conjunctions, or those that 
join coordinate clauses in compound sentences; as, mais (ma). 
but; neanmoins (ne"ah"mwah') , notwithstanding. (4) Subor- 
dinate conjunctions, or those that join subordinate to principal 
clauses; as, quoique (kwd'ka), altho. 

The principal conjunctions are: ainsi (an"sl'), thus; aussi 
(os"sl'), also; car (kar), for; cependant (sa-pan"ddn') , yet; 
cotnme (kem), as; done (denk), therefore; et (g), and; lorsque 
(lers'ka), when; mais (ma), but; neanmoins (ne"dh"mwan'), 
notwithstanding; ni (ni), nor; ou (u), or; or (er), but, now; 
pourquoi (pur"kwd') ( why; puisque (pwls'ka), since; quand 
(kah), altho; que (ka), that; quoique (kwd'ka), whatever, altho; 
si (si), if; sinon (sl"nen'), if not, otherwise; soit (swa), either, 
whether, or; toutefois (tut"fwd'), nevertheless. 



184 FRENCH GRAMMAR 



INTERJECTION. A part of speech which is used to ex- 
press sudden emotion, excitement, or feeling. The following 
are the chief interjections in French: Ah! Aie (d"yi'); Bah! 
Bravo! Eh! Fi! (fi: English, Fie!) Gare (gar) ; that is, Make way! 
beware! Ha! He! (he); Helas (e"las': English, Alas!): Ho! 01 
Oh! Sus (siis: English, At them!); Zest (zest: English, Pshaw!). 

There are, however, certain words that have interjectional 
force; as, Alerte (a"lart'): Look out! Allans (al"len'): Come 
on! Bon (ben): Good! Well! del (st"yel'): Heaven! Courage 
(ku"ra'^3a): Courage! Ferme (farm): Stand firm! Cheer up! 
Halte (hol'^-te): Halt! Paix (pa): Peace! Preste (pres'^-ta): 
Quick! Look alive! Silence (solans'): Silence! Tenez (ta-ne)I 
Hold! See! Tiens (ti^yah') : Look! 



MEASURES AND WEIGHTS 



CAPACITY 



1 pint 

1 quart (2 pints) 
1 gallon (4 quarts) 
1 peck (2 gallons) 
1 bushel (8 gallons) - 36.348 
1 quarter (8 bushels) - 290.781 
litre - 0.22 gallons or 1% pints. 



0.5679 litres (ll'^t 

1.1359 

4.5434 



2 litres = 0.44 

3 " - 0.66 

4 " - 0.88 

5 - == 1.10 
10 " m 2.20 



1 qt. 1M pints. 

2 qta. IX pints. 

3 qts. 1 pint. 

1 gal. qts. % pint. 

2 gal. Qts. 1H Pints. 



DISTANCE 



1 kilometre = */i ml] 


(kl'16'ma'tra) 


2 


= l/4 


3 


= 1V 


4 


= 2V 


5 


= 3Vio 


6 


= 3/4 


7 


= 4V 


8 


= 5 


9 


= 5/ 


10 


- 6/4 


11 


- 6Vs 


12 


= 7Vi 


13 


= 8 


14 


= 8*/4 



15 kilometre - 9/i mil 


(kl'lo'ma'tra) 


16 


- 10 


17 


= lOVs 


18 


= ll>/4 


19 


=- HVt 


20 


- 12/t 


30 


= 18 5 /8 


40 


= 24V 


50 


= 31 


60 


= 37V4 


70 


- 43V 


80 


= 49V4 


90 


= 56 


100 


= 62 i/t 



For means of conversion see under LENGTH, below. 



LENGTH 

1 inch = 0.0254 metres (mft'tra) or 2. 54 centimetres (son'tl'ma'tra) . 

1 foot = 0.3048 " " 30.48 

1 yard = 0.9144 " " 91.44 

1 mile = 1609 metres (1 kilom. 609 metres). 

Millimetre (1000th of a metre) = 0.03937 (about Vis) inch. 

Centimetre (100th of a metre) = 0.393708 (about V*) inch. 

Decimetre (10th of a metre) = 3.937079 (about 3 l8 /a>) inches. 

Metre = 3.2808992 ft., roughly 1 yd. 34 in. 

Kilometre (1000 metres) = 1093.633 yds., or about */ of a mile. 

CONVERSION. To convert kilometres Into miles multiply by 5 
and divide by 8: and miles into kilometres multiply by 8 and divide 
by 5. See also Illustration comparing inches and centimetres on the 
following page. 



SQUARE OR SUPERFICIAL 

1 square inch = 0.0006451 metres carres (ma'tra kor'rg') or 6.451 

(6/) centimetres carres. 

1 square foot = 0.0929 metres carres or 929 centimetres Carre's. 
1 square yard = 0.8361 metres carres or 8361 centimetres carrel. 
1 acre = 0.404671 hectares (ek'tftr 7 ) (4047 metres carres). 

f 1550 square inches. 
1 metre carre" = ] 10.764 (about lOVO square feet. 

c 1.196 (about I 1 /*) square yards. 
1 hectare (10,000 metres carres) = 2.471143 (about 2>$) acres. 

185 



186 



MEASURES 



8 


-- 















g 












hj 












> 












i 


4^ 


= 








H 













i 












M 

M 


cn 








to 


I*] 




EE 








If 

o S. ' 


ON 


"^" 








*i T. 






^_j 






a 

^ O) 

^ <"* 

H *~t 


^1 




O 

cr 
rt> 

CO 




OJ 


3 


00 










M C/3 












8 


SO- 










3 












Q 


h * _ 












o 








4^ 




1 








cn 


p 


^ 



MEASURES 



THERMOMETRIC 

The tbermometric scale used lii the United States and In Great 
Britain is that of Fahrenheit. On the Continent, that of Celsius, 
the Centigrade scale, is em- 
ployed. 

Freezing point Fahr., 32 
" Cent., 

Boiling point Fahr., 212 
" Cent., 100 
Blood heat, that is the 
normal temperature of the 
human body, is 98J-s Fahr. 
or 37 Cent. Any rise above 
this temperature indicates 
fever heat. 

In cases of fever tempera- 
tures of 99.5 to 100.5 
Fahrenheit are considered 
as mild; 100.5 to 101.5 
Fahr. as slight; up to 103 
Fahr. as moderate; up to 
105 Fahr. as considerable; 
above 105 Fahr. as high 
fever. The highest fever 
temperature within the lim- 
its of life (excluding excep- 
tionally rare cases) is, on 
an average, 107.6 to 108.5 
Fahr. The normal tempera- 
ture of a sick-room is 65 
Fahr. 

By the Centigrade scale, 
oil of turpentine solidifies 
at 27 below zero; cyanogen 
boils at 20 below, sulfur 
dioxld at 20 below, and 
tetrylene at 4 below zero; 
is the freezing-point of 
water, and 4 its point of 
greatest density; acetic acid 
melts at 1 7, caesium at 26.5, 
butter at 33; ether bolls at 
34.9; rubidium melts at 
38.5; carbon disulnd boils 
at 46; stearin melts at 55; 
white wax melts at 65; 
ithyl acetate boils at 74.3; 
alcohol boils at 78.4; water 
boils at 100; Dead Sea 
wat'.-r boils at 105. By the 
Fahrenheit scale. 79 below 
zero represents the greatest 
natural cold (reported by 
Captain Amundsen from 
Boothia in 1905); bromln 
solidities at 20 below zero; 
methyl chlorld bolls at 9 
below; represents the 
temperature of a mixture 
of ice and salt; 30 is the 
point at which olive-oil so- 
lidifies. The average temper- 



ature of Berlin Is 48.5, of 
London 50.3, of New York 
53.8,of San Francisco 56. 6. 




The Four Principal Thermometers 

Compared 

of Rome 59.7, of Sydney 63, of New Orleans 68.6, of Calcutta 
78.3. 130 represents highest shade temperature (recorded from 
New South Wales); 600 is the melting-point of lead; at 762 coal 
icnltes; at 1981 gold melts; at 2500 steel melts; 4000 represents 
the heat of a Bessemer furnace. 



188 MEASURES AND WEIGHTS 



Table for Conversion 

Fahr. degrees may be converted to Cent, by subtracting 32 and 

multiplying by */; for instance, 77 degrees Fahr. = (77-32) X */9 = 

25 degrees Cent. 
Cent, degrees may be converted to Fahr. by multiplying by /tths 

and adding 32; for instance, 25 degrees Cent. = (25X/6 + 32) o 

77 degrees Fahr. 

55 Fahr. - 12.7 Cent. 80 Fahr. = 26.6 Cent. 

60 " = 15.5 " 85 " = 29.4 " 

65 " - 18.3 " 90 = 32.2 

70 " = 21.1 " 95 " = 35 " 

75 " - 23.8 " 100 " = 37.7 " 



WEIGHT 
Avoirdupois 

1 ounce = 0.02835 kilos. (28.35 grammes). 

1 pound (16 ozs.) = 0.454 kilos. (454 grammes). 

1 quarter (28 Ibs.) = 12.7 kilos. 

1 hundredweight (112 Ibs.) = 50.8 kilos. 
1 ton (20 cwt.) - 1016.046 kilos. 

1 kilogramme (1000 grs.) = 2.2055 Ibs. or 2 Ibs. 3M oz. 

2 " = 4.4110 Ibs. or 4 Ibs. 6M oz. 

3 = 6.6165 Ibs. or 6 Ibs. 9% oz. 

4 = 8.8220 Ibs. or 8 Ibs. 13 oz. 

5 " = 11.0275 Ibs. or 11 Ibs. H oz. 
1 livre (M kilogramme) = 1.1028 Ibs. or 1 Ib. 1J$ oz. 

To convert kilos, to pounds (roughly) multiply by 2J. 



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60 cts.; by mail, 64 cts. Bound in handsome and 
durable flexible red leather, price $1.00, post-paid. 
Special Prices for Quantity Lots 

FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY 

Department 86, New York City 



WHY NOT TALK TO 
YOUR FRENCH COMRADES 

In French ? 

If you are now in the war-service or if there is any 
possibility of your entering it, one of your most im- 
portant preparations for active service is the learning 
of conversational French. The American army will 
fight side by side with the French. The American 
navy will be in close cooperation with the French 
navy. Soldiers and sailors on leave will spend much 
of their time in Paris and other French cities. To 
perform your duties efficiently, to win promotion by 
quickly becoming adapted to your position, to get the 
mostjpleasure and profit from your visit abroad, to in- 
sure your personal convenience and comfort in a 
foreign country, you MUST have a speaking knowl- 
edge of French. 

SPEND TEN MINUTES 
THREE TIMES A DAY 

with the Rosenthal Common-Sense Method of Practical 
Linguistry, and you can acquire the ability to speak, 
read, and write French easily and accurately. This 
method teaches you just the kind of language yru 
need the kind that will enable you to converse on 
all subjects of the war and every-day life. You learn 
to talk as soon as you start to study, for the language 
is taught you in phrases and sentences that you need 
in every-day speech. 

French War Terms 

A special glossary of French war terms has been prepared 
and added to this Course, making it completely up-to-the- 
minute and of great, timely value in connection with the war. 
This feature is of especial help to men and women interested 
in the Army, Navy, and Red Cross. 

Let us send you, absolutely free, the booklet "Revolution 
in the Study and Teaching of Foreign Languages," which 
describes this Course fully. Send for the booklet now you 
will be obligated in no way whatever. 

FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY 

Department 88, New York City 



YOU'RE SURE TO 
FIND IT HERE ! 

Whether you want to know how to 
spell Dniester; find the population of 
Paris; locate Douai; find the age of Wood- 
row Wilson; identify Joffre; date the 
establishment of The Hague Tribunal 
you are sure to find it in this compact 
volume, just as you will find here thou- 
sands of other things the answer to 
almost any question you could ask. 

The Funk & Wagnalls New 

Desk Standard Dictionary 

Handy Abridged Edition 6)4 x 9 inches 

The greatest abridged dictionary published. De- 
fines, explains, pronounces, and gives the derivation 
of about 80,000 words and phrases, all in one simple 
vocabulary order, including information concerning 
persons, places, countries, cities, states, battles, 
treaties, mountains, rivers, etc., such as Przemysl, 
Dardanelles, Prussia, Joffre, Maubeuge, Vistula, 
Marne, etc. 1,200 illustrations. Thorough, practi- 
cal, and instructive treatment of synonyms. Lead- 
ing events of American and English history. A 
number of tables, lists, and foreign words are 
included coins, astronomy, weights and measures, 
metric system, chemical elements, presidents, sover- 
eigns, law, prefixes, suffixes, foreign words, etc. 



1,000 pages. Bound in cloth, $1.50; Thumb-notch 
index, $1.80. Half leather binding, indexed, $2.25; 
full limp morocco, $5.00. 16 cents extra for postage. 

FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY 

Department 87, New York City 



\ 




PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 



Vixetelly, Francis Horace 

The soldier's service 
S7V5 dictionary of English and 
French terms